Sample records for hd ngv potential

  1. The Potential of Elelcltric Exhaust Gas Turbocharging for HD...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Elelcltric Exhaust Gas Turbocharging for HD DIesel Engines The Potential of Elelcltric Exhaust Gas Turbocharging for HD DIesel Engines 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER)...

  2. Growth of the NGV Market: Lessons Learned Roadmap for Infrastructure...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Growth of the NGV Market: Lessons Learned Roadmap for Infrastructure Development Growth of the NGV Market: Lessons Learned Roadmap for Infrastructure Development Presented at...

  3. Final Report on National NGV Infrastructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    GM Sverdrup; JG DeSteese; ND Malcosky

    1999-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes work fimded jointly by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and by the Gas Research Institute (GRI) to (1) identi& barriers to establishing sustainable natural gas vehicle (NGV) infrastructure and (2) develop planning information that can help to promote a NGV infrastructure with self-sustaining critical maw. The need for this work is driven by the realization that demand for NGVS has not yet developed to a level that provides sufficient incentives for investment by the commercial sector in all necessary elements of a supportive infrastructure. The two major objectives of this project were: (1) to identifi and prioritize the technical barriers that may be impeding growth of a national NGV infrastructure and (2) to develop input that can assist industry in overcoming these barriers. The approach used in this project incorporated and built upon the accumulated insights of the NGV industry. The project was conducted in three basic phases: (1) review of the current situation, (2) prioritization of technical infrastructure btiiers, and (3) development of plans to overcome key barriers. An extensive and diverse list of barriers was obtained from direct meetings and telephone conferences with sixteen industry NGV leaders and seven Clean Cities/Clean Corridors coordinators. This information is filly documented in the appendix. A distillation of insights gained in the interview process suggests that persistent barriers to developing an NGV market and supporting infrastructure can be grouped into four major categories: 1. Fuel station economics 2. Value of NGVs from the owner/operator perspective 3. Cooperation necessary for critical mass 4. Commitment by investors. A principal conclusion is that an efficient and effective approach for overcoming technical barriers to developing an NGV infrastructure can be provided by building upon and consolidating the relevant efforts of the NGV industry and government. The major recommendation of this project is the establishment of an ad hoc NGV Infrastructure Working Group (NGV-I WG) to address the most critical technical barriers to NGV infrastructure development. This recommendation has been considered and approved by both the DOE and GRI and is the basis of continued collaboration in this area.

  4. The Upper Atmosphere of HD17156b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. T. Koskinen; A. D. Aylward; S. Miller

    2008-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    HD17156b is a newly-found transiting extrasolar giant planet (EGP) that orbits its G-type host star in a highly eccentric orbit (e~0.67) with an orbital semi-major axis of 0.16 AU. Its period, 21.2 Earth days, is the longest among the known transiting planets. The atmosphere of the planet undergoes a 27-fold variation in stellar irradiation during each orbit, making it an interesting subject for atmospheric modelling. We have used a three-dimensional model of the upper atmosphere and ionosphere for extrasolar gas giants in order to simulate the progress of HD17156b along its eccentric orbit. Here we present the results of these simulations and discuss the stability, circulation, and composition in its upper atmosphere. Contrary to the well-known transiting planet HD209458b, we find that the atmosphere of HD17156b is unlikely to escape hydrodynamically at any point along the orbit, even if the upper atmosphere is almost entirely composed of atomic hydrogen and H+, and infrared cooling by H3+ ions is negligible. The nature of the upper atmosphere is sensitive to to the composition of the thermosphere, and in particular to the mixing ratio of H2, as the availability of H2 regulates radiative cooling. In light of different simulations we make specific predictions about the thermosphere-ionosphere system of HD17156b that can potentially be verified by observations.

  5. Effects of the rotational excitation of D{sub 2} and of the potential energy surface on the H{sup +}+D{sub 2}{yields}HD+D{sup +} reaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonzalez-Lezana, T. [Instituto de Fisica Fundamental (CSIC), Serrano 123, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Honvault, P. [Institut UTINAM, UMR CNRS 6213 and University of Franche-Comte, Campus de la Bouloie, 25030 Besancon Cedex (France); Jambrina, P. G. [Departamento de Quimica Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad de Salamanca, 37008 Salamanca (Spain); Departamento de Quimica Fisica I, Facultad de Quimica, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Aoiz, F. J. [Departamento de Quimica Fisica I, Facultad de Quimica, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Launay, J.-M. [Institute de Physique de Rennes, UMR CNRS 6251, University of Rennes 1, Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes Cedex (France)

    2009-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The H{sup +}+D{sub 2}{yields}HD+D{sup +} reaction has been theoretically investigated by means of an exact quantum mechanical approach, a quasiclassical trajectory method, and two statistical methods based in the propagation of either wave functions or trajectories. The study addresses the possible changes on the overall dynamics of the title reaction when the D{sub 2} diatom is rotationally excited to its v=0, j=1 state. In addition, the reactivity for the ground rotational state on two different potential energy surfaces (PESs), namely, the surface by Aguado et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 112, 1240 (2000)] and the PES by Kamisaka et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 116, 654 (2002)], is examined. Reaction probabilities and cross sections at 0.524 and 0.1 eV collision energies are calculated. The major differences with respect to the reaction initiated with D{sub 2} in its ground rovibrational state are observed for the lowest collision energy E{sub c}=0.1 eV. Differential cross sections have been found to depend to some extend on the PES employed. In addition, at E{sub c}=0.1 eV further discrepancies in the total and rotational cross sections are noticeable.

  6. Discovery of pulsational line profile variations in the delta Scuti star HD21190 and in the Ap Sr star HD218994

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. F. Gonzalez; S. Hubrig; D. W. Kurtz; V. Elkin; I. Savanov

    2007-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Asteroseismology has the potential to provide new insights into the physics of stellar interiors. We have obtained UVES high time resolution observations of the delta Scuti star HD21190 and of the Ap Sr star HD218994 to search for pulsational line profile variations. We report the discovery of a new roAp star, HD218994, with a pulsation period of 14.2 min. This is one of the most evolved roAp stars. No rapid pulsations have been found in the spectra of the cool Ap star - delta Scuti star HD21190. However, we detect with unprecedented clarity for a delta Sct star moving peaks in the cores of spectral lines that indicate the presence of high degree non-radial pulsations in this star.

  7. HD188112: Supernova Ia progenitor?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latour, M; Heber, U; Schaffenroth, V

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HD188112 is an extremely low mass white dwarf in a close binary system. According to a previous study, the mass of HD188112 is $\\sim$0.24 Msun and a lower limit of 0.73 Msun could be put for the mass of its unseen companion, a compact degenarate object. We used HST STIS spectra to measure the rotational broadening of UV metallic lines in HD188112, in order to put tighter constraints on the mass of its companion. By assuming that the system in is synchronous rotation, we derive a companion mass between 1.05 and 1.25 Msun. We also measure abundances for magnesium, silicon, and iron, respectively log $N$(X)/$N$(H) = $-$6.40, $-$7.25, and $-$5.81. The radial velocities measured from the UV spectra are found to be in very good agreement with the prediction based on the orbital parameters derived in the previous study made a decade ago.

  8. Locating the planetesimals belts in the multiple-planet systems HD 128311, HD 202206, HD 82943 and HR 8799

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moro-Martin, Amaya; Bryden, Geoffrey; Rieke, George H; Su, Kate Y L; Beichman, Charles A; Lawler, Samantha M

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In addition to the Sun, six other stars are known to harbor multiple planets and debris disks: HD 69830, HD 38529, HD 128311, HD 202206, HD 82943 and HR 8799. In this paper we set constraints on the location of the dust-producing planetesimals around the latter four systems. We use a radiative transfer model to analyze the spectral energy distributions of the dust disks (including two new Spitzer IRS spectra presented in this paper), and a dynamical model to assess the long-term stability of the planetesimals' orbits. As members of a small group of stars that show evidence of harboring a multiple planets and planetesimals, their study can help us learn about the diversity of planetary systems.

  9. Fuel economy and emissions reduction of HD hybrid truck over...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    economy and emissions reduction of HD hybrid truck over transient driving cycles and interstate roads Fuel economy and emissions reduction of HD hybrid truck over transient driving...

  10. Advanced HD Engine Systems and Emissions Control Modeling and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    HD Engine Systems and Emissions Control Modeling and Analysis Advanced HD Engine Systems and Emissions Control Modeling and Analysis 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

  11. Discovery of unusual pulsations in the cool, evolved Am stars HD 98851 and HD 102480

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santosh Joshi; V. Girish; R. Sagar; D. W. Kurtz; P. Martinez; B. Kumar; S. Seetha; B. N. Ashoka; A. Zhou

    2003-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The chemically peculiar (CP) stars HD 98851 and HD 102480 have been discovered to be unusual pulsators during the ``Naini Tal Cape Survey'' programme to search for pulsational variability in CP stars. Time series photometric and spectroscopic observations of these newly discovered stars are reported here. Fourier analyses of the time series photometry reveal that HD 98851 is pulsating mainly with frequencies 0.208 mHz and 0.103 mHz, and HD 102480 is pulsating with frequencies 0.107 mHz, 0.156 mHz and 0.198 mHz. The frequency identifications are all subject to 1 d$^{-1}$ cycle count ambiguities. We have matched the observed low resolution spectra of HD 98851 and HD 102480 in the range 3500-7400 \\AA with theoretical synthetic spectra using Kurucz models with solar metallicity and a micro-turbulent velocity 2 km s$^{-1}$. These yield $T_{eff}=7000\\pm250$ K, log $g=3.5 \\pm 0.5$ for HD 98851 and $T_{eff} = 6750 \\pm 250$ K, log $g = 3.0 \\pm 0.5$ for HD 102480. We determined the equivalent H-line spectral class of these stars to be F1 IV and F3 III/IV, respectively. A comparison of the location of HD 98851 and HD 102480 in the HR diagram with theoretical stellar evolutionary tracks indicates that both stars are about 1-Gyr-old, 2-$M_{\\odot}$ stars that lie towards the red edge of the $\\delta$ Sct instability strip. We conclude that HD 98851 and HD 102480 are cool, evolved Am pulsators. The light curves of these pulsating stars have alternating high and low amplitudes, nearly harmonic (or sub-harmonic) period ratios, high pulsational overtones and Am spectral types. This is unusual for both Am and $\\delta$ Sct pulsators, making these stars interesting objects.

  12. Atmosphere, Interior, and Evolution of the Metal-Rich Transiting Planet HD 149026b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. J. Fortney; D. Saumon; M. S. Marley; K. Lodders; R. S. Freedman

    2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the atmosphere and interior of the new transiting planet HD 149026b, which appears to be very rich in heavy elements. We first compute model atmospheres at metallicities ranging from solar to ten times solar, and show how for cases with high metallicity or inefficient redistribution of energy from the day side, the planet may develop a hot stratosphere due to absorption of stellar flux by TiO and VO. The spectra predicted by these models are very different than cooler atmosphere models without stratospheres. The spectral effects are potentially detectable with the Spitzer Space Telescope. In addition the models with hot stratospheres lead to a large limb brightening, rather than darkening. We compare the atmosphere of HD 149026b to other well-known transiting planets, including the recently discovered HD 189733b, which we show have planet-to-star flux ratios twice that of HD 209458 and TrES-1. The methane abundance in the atmosphere of HD 189733b is a sensitive indicator of atmospheric temperature and metallicity and can be constrained with Spitzer IRAC observations. We then turn to interior studies of HD 149026b and use a grid of self-consistent model atmospheres and high-pressure equations of state for all components to compute thermal evolution models of the planet. We estimate that the mass of heavy elements within the planet is in the range of 60 to 93 M_earth. Finally, we discuss trends in the radii of transiting planets with metallicity in light of this new member of the class.

  13. The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets XVII. Six long-period giant planets around BD -17 0063, HD 20868, HD 73267, HD 131664, HD 145377, HD 153950

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Moutou; M. Mayor; G. Lo Curto; S. Udry; F. Bouchy; W. Benz; C. Lovis; D. Naef; F. Pepe; D. Queloz; N. C. Santos

    2008-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of six new substellar companions of main-sequence stars, detected through multiple Doppler measurements with the instrument HARPS installed on the ESO 3.6m telescope, La Silla, Chile. These extrasolar planets are orbiting the stars BD -17 0063, HD 20868, HD 73267, HD 131664, HD 145377, HD 153950. The orbital characteristics which best fit the observed data are depicted in this paper, as well as the stellar and planetary parameters. Masses of the companions range from 2 to 18 Jupiter masses, and periods range from 100 to 2000 days. The observational data are carefully analysed for activity-induced effects and we conclude on the reliability of the observed radial-velocity variations as of exoplanetary origin. Of particular interest is the very massive planet (or brown-dwarf companion) around the metal-rich HD 131664 with M2sini= 18.15 MJup, and a 5.34-year orbital period. These new discoveries reinforces the observed statistical properties of the exoplanet sample as known so far.

  14. The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets XVII. Six long-period giant planets around BD -17 0063, HD 20868, HD 73267, HD 131664, HD 145377, HD 153950

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moutou, C; Curto, G Lo; Udry, S; Bouchy, F; Benz, W; Lovis, C; Naef, D; Pepe, F; Queloz, D; Santos, N C

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of six new substellar companions of main-sequence stars, detected through multiple Doppler measurements with the instrument HARPS installed on the ESO 3.6m telescope, La Silla, Chile. These extrasolar planets are orbiting the stars BD -17 0063, HD 20868, HD 73267, HD 131664, HD 145377, HD 153950. The orbital characteristics which best fit the observed data are depicted in this paper, as well as the stellar and planetary parameters. Masses of the companions range from 2 to 18 Jupiter masses, and periods range from 100 to 2000 days. The observational data are carefully analysed for activity-induced effects and we conclude on the reliability of the observed radial-velocity variations as of exoplanetary origin. Of particular interest is the very massive planet (or brown-dwarf companion) around the metal-rich HD 131664 with M2sini= 18.15 MJup, and a 5.34-year orbital period. These new discoveries reinforces the observed statistical properties of the exoplanet sample as known so far.

  15. HOT DEBRIS DUST AROUND HD 106797

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujiwara, Hideaki; Onaka, Takashi [Department of Astronomy, School of Science, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Yamashita, Takuya [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0015 (Japan); Ishihara, Daisuke; Kataza, Hirokazu; Ootsubo, Takafumi; Murakami, Hiroshi; Nakagawa, Takao; Hirao, Takanori; Enya, Keigo [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510 (Japan); Fukagawa, Misato [Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, 1-1 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka 560-0043, Osaka (Japan); Marshall, Jonathan P.; White, Glenn J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA (United Kingdom)], E-mail: fujiwara@astron.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    2009-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Photometry of the A0 V main-sequence star HD 106797 with AKARI and Gemini/T-ReCS is used to detect excess emission over the expected stellar photospheric emission between 10 and 20 {mu}m, which is best attributed to hot circumstellar debris dust surrounding the star. The temperature of the debris dust is derived as T {sub d} {approx} 190 K by assuming that the excess emission is approximated by a single temperature blackbody. The derived temperature suggests that the inner radius of the debris disk is {approx}14 AU. The fractional luminosity of the debris disk is 1000 times brighter than that of our own zodiacal cloud. The existence of such a large amount of hot dust around HD 106797 cannot be accounted for by a simple model of the steady state evolution of a debris disk due to collisions, and it is likely that transient events play a significant role. Our data also show a narrow spectral feature between 11 and 12 {mu}m attributable to crystalline silicates, suggesting that dust heating has occurred during the formation and evolution of the debris disk of HD 106797.

  16. Growth of the NGV Market:Growth of the NGV Market: Lessons LearnedLessons Learned

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and LNG infrastructure development to date, assess critical factors, define challenges and opportunities and LNG) by top niche sectors, by state and region, retail and "wholesale" #12;Data Collection Section operators to assess customer counts, fleet types, fuel usage · LNG calculated by cross

  17. CFN | Hitachi HD2700C Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hitachi HD2700C Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope Contacts: Dong Su | Lihua Zhang | Huolin Xin The Hitachi 2700C is a dedicated Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope...

  18. Acetone and Water on TiO(110): H/D Exchange. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    TiO(110): HD Exchange. Acetone and Water on TiO(110): HD Exchange. Abstract: Isotopic HD exchange between coadsorbed acetone and water on the TiO&8322;(110) surface was...

  19. HD 98800: A most unusual debris disc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. E. Verrier; N. W. Evans

    2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The dynamics of planetesimals in the circumbinary debris disc of the quadruple star system HD 98800 are investigated. Evolving a spherical shell of test particles from a million years ago to the present day indicates that both coplanar and retrograde warped discs could exist, as well as a high inclination halo of material. Significant gaps are seen in the discs, as well as unexpected regions of stability due to the retrograde nature of the stellar orbits. Despite a viewing angle almost perpendicular to the direction of the warp of the planetesimal disc it is still intersected by the line of sight for eccentricities of the outer orbit of 0.5 or less.

  20. Performance analysis of HD1: a 16 Tesla Nb3Sn dipole Magnet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mattafirri, S.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis of HD1: A 16 Tesla Nb 3 Sn Dipole Magnet S.of HD1b, an Upgraded 16 Tesla Nb 3 Sn Dipole Magnet”, This

  1. Near-infrared spectroscopy of HD the barrier to linearity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oka, Takeshi

    Near-infrared spectroscopy of HD 3 above the barrier to linearity BY JENNIFER L. GOTTFRIED, transitions of HC 3 above the barrier to linearity have been observed. A highly sensitive near-infrared-adiabatic and radiative corrections is revealed. Keywords: HD 3 ; near-infrared spectroscopy; barrier to linearity 1

  2. Distillation of hydrogen isotopes for polarized HD target

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, T; Didelez, J -P; Fujiwara, M; Fukuda, K; Kohri, H; Kunimatsu, T; Morisaki, C; Ono, S; Rouill', G; Tanaka, M; Ueda, K; Uraki, M; Utsuro, M; Wang, S Y; Yosoi, M

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have developed a cryogenic distillation system to purify Hydrogen-Deuteride (HD) gas for a polarized HD target in LEPS experiments at SPring-8. A small amount of ortho-H$_2$ ($\\sim$0.01%) in the HD gas plays an important role in efficiently polarizing the HD target. Since there are 1$\\sim$5% impurities of H$_2$ and D$_2$ in commercially available HD gases, it is inevitable that the HD gas is purified up to $\\sim$99.99%. The distillation system has a cryogenic pot (17$\\sim$21 K) containing many small stainless steel cells called Heli-pack. Commercial HD gas with an amount of 5.2 mol is fed into the pot. We carried out three distillation runs by changing temperatures (17.5 K and 20.5 K) and gas extraction speeds (1.3 ml/min and 5.2 ml/min). The extracted gas was analyzed by using a gas analyzer system combining a quadrupole mass spectrometer with a gas chromatograph. The HD gas of 1 mol with a purity better than 99.99% has been successfully obtained. The effective NTS (Number of Theoretical Stages), which is...

  3. HD gas analysis with Gas Chromatography and Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, T; Didelez, J -P; Fujiwara, M; Fukuda, K; Kohri, H; Kunimatsu, T; Morisaki, C; Ono, S; Rouille, G; Tanaka, M; Ueda, K; Uraki, M; Utsuro, M; Wang, S Y; Yosoi, M

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A gas analyzer system has been developed to analyze Hydrogen-Deuteride (HD) gas for producing frozen-spin polarized HD targets, which are used for hadron photoproduction experiments at SPring-8. Small amounts of ortho-H$_{2}$ and para-D$_{2}$ gas mixtures ($\\sim$0.01%) in the purified HD gas are a key to realize a frozen-spin polarized target. In order to obtain reliable concentrations of these gas mixtures in the HD gas, we produced a new gas analyzer system combining two independent measurements with the gas chromatography and the QMS. The para-H$_{2}$, ortho-H$_{2}$, HD, and D$_{2}$ are separated using the retention time of the gas chromatography and the mass/charge. It is found that the new gas analyzer system can measure small concentrations of $\\sim$0.01% for the otho-H$_2$ and D$_2$ with good S/N ratios.

  4. HD gas analysis with Gas Chromatography and Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Ohta; S. Bouchigny; J. -P. Didelez; M. Fujiwara; K. Fukuda; H. Kohri; T. Kunimatsu; C. Morisaki; S. Ono; G. Rouille; M. Tanaka; K. Ueda; M. Uraki; M. Utsuro; S. Y. Wang; M. Yosoi

    2011-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A gas analyzer system has been developed to analyze Hydrogen-Deuteride (HD) gas for producing frozen-spin polarized HD targets, which are used for hadron photoproduction experiments at SPring-8. Small amounts of ortho-H$_{2}$ and para-D$_{2}$ gas mixtures ($\\sim$0.01%) in the purified HD gas are a key to realize a frozen-spin polarized target. In order to obtain reliable concentrations of these gas mixtures in the HD gas, we produced a new gas analyzer system combining two independent measurements with the gas chromatography and the QMS. The para-H$_{2}$, ortho-H$_{2}$, HD, and D$_{2}$ are separated using the retention time of the gas chromatography and the mass/charge. It is found that the new gas analyzer system can measure small concentrations of $\\sim$0.01% for the otho-H$_2$ and D$_2$ with good S/N ratios.

  5. Distillation of hydrogen isotopes for polarized HD target

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Ohta; S. Bouchigny; J. -P. Didelez; M. Fujiwara; K. Fukuda; H. Kohri; T. Kunimatsu; C. Morisaki; S. Ono; G. Rouill'; M. Tanaka; K. Ueda; M. Uraki; M. Utsuro; S. Y. Wang; M. Yosoi

    2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We have developed a cryogenic distillation system to purify Hydrogen-Deuteride (HD) gas for a polarized HD target in LEPS experiments at SPring-8. A small amount of ortho-H$_2$ ($\\sim$0.01%) in the HD gas plays an important role in efficiently polarizing the HD target. Since there are 1$\\sim$5% impurities of H$_2$ and D$_2$ in commercially available HD gases, it is inevitable that the HD gas is purified up to $\\sim$99.99%. The distillation system has a cryogenic pot (17$\\sim$21 K) containing many small stainless steel cells called Heli-pack. Commercial HD gas with an amount of 5.2 mol is fed into the pot. We carried out three distillation runs by changing temperatures (17.5 K and 20.5 K) and gas extraction speeds (1.3 ml/min and 5.2 ml/min). The extracted gas was analyzed by using a gas analyzer system combining a quadrupole mass spectrometer with a gas chromatograph. The HD gas of 1 mol with a purity better than 99.99% has been successfully obtained. The effective NTS (Number of Theoretical Stages), which is an indicator of the distillator performances, is obtained as 37.2$\\pm$0.6. This value is in reasonable agreement with a designed value of 37.9. The HD target is expected to be efficiently polarized under a well-controlled condition by doping an optimal amount of ortho-H$_2$ to the purified HD gas.

  6. Orbital configurations and dynamical stability of multi-planet systems around Sun-like stars HD 202206, 14 Her, HD 37124 and HD 108874

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krzysztof Gozdziewski; Maciej Konacki; Andrzej J. maciejewski

    2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform a dynamical analysis of the recently published radial velocity (RV) measurements of a few solar type stars which host multiple Jupiter-like planets. In particular, we re-analyze the data for HD 202206, 14 Her, HD 37124 and HD 108874. We derive dynamically stable configurations which reproduce the observed RV signals using our method called GAMP (an acronym of the Genetic Algorithm with MEGNO Penalty). The GAMP relies on the N-body dynamics and makes use of genetic algorithms merged with a stability criterion. For this purpose, we use the maximal Lyapunov exponent computed with the dynamical fast indicator MEGNO. Through a dynamical analysis of the phase-space in a neighborhood of the obtained best-fit solutions, we derive meaningful limits on the parameters of the planets. We demonstrate that GAMP is especially well suited for the analysis of the RV data which only partially cover the longest orbital period and/or correspond to multi-planet configurations involved in low-order mean motion resonances (MMRs). In particular, our analysis reveals a presence of a second Jupiter-like planet in the 14 Her system (14 Her c) involved in a 3:1 or 6:1 MMR with the known companion b. We also show that the dynamics of the HD 202206 system may be qualitatively different when coplanar and mutually-inclined orbits of the companions are considered. We demonstrate that the two outer planets in the HD 37124 system may reside in a close neighborhood of the 5:2 MMR. Finally, we found a clear indication that the HD 108874 system may be very close to, or locked in an exact 4:1 MMR.

  7. !"! #$%$#&'&()*+,-#-.*&/&012$034#$&56!!756!5& Sep 19 PVC 1 COG 1 PVC 2 PS1 --HD 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, John

    12-1 Fri 12-1 Sep 19 PVC 1 COG 1 PVC 2 PS1 - - HD 1 Sep 26 PVC 3 COG 2 PVC 4 HD 2 MINI 1 STAT 1 Careers Talk Oct 3 PVC 5 COG 3 PS 2 PS 3 MINI 2 STAT 2 HD 3 Oct 10 PVC 6 COG 4 HD 4 HD 5 - STAT 3 HD 6 Oct 17 PVC 7 COG 5 PS 4 PS 5 - STAT 4 HD 7 Oct 24 PVC 8 COG 6 PS 6 PS 7 - STAT 5 HD 8 Oct 31 PVC 9 COG 7

  8. Calibraton of a Directly Injected Natural Gas HD Engine for Class...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Calibraton of a Directly Injected Natural Gas HD Engine for Class 8 Truck Applications Calibraton of a Directly Injected Natural Gas HD Engine for Class 8 Truck Applications This...

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - ae star hd Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    field measurements of the Herbig Ae stars HD 101412 (left panel) and HD 150193 (right panel) (FORS 2... cool stars and solar-like stars Instrumentation The most successful...

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - ae star hd101412 Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    field measurements of the Herbig Ae stars HD 101412 (left panel) and HD 150193 (right panel) (FORS 2... cool stars and solar-like stars Instrumentation The most successful...

  11. Hydrogen Bonding, H-D Exchange, and Molecular Mobility in Thin...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bonding, H-D Exchange, and Molecular Mobility in Thin Water Films on TiO2(110). Hydrogen Bonding, H-D Exchange, and Molecular Mobility in Thin Water Films on TiO2(110). Abstract:...

  12. One solution for cloning and mutagenesis: In-Fusion HD Cloning Plus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    One solution for cloning and mutagenesis: In-Fusion® HD Cloning Plus We describe in this editiona substitutions and base insertions. In-Fusion HD* Cloning Plus is sequence independent, seamless, directional can be carried out by combining the strength of the In-Fusion HD enzyme with inverse PCR. Introduction

  13. The Successful Prediction of the Extrasolar Planet HD 74156 d

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rory Barnes; Krzysztof Gozdziewski; Sean N. Raymond

    2008-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Most of the first-discovered extrasolar multi-planet systems were found to lie close to dynamically unstable configurations. However a few observed multi-planet systems (e.g. HD 74156) did not show this trait. Those systems could share this property if they contain an additional planet in between those that are known. Previous investigations identified the properties of hypothetical planets that would place these systems near instability. The hypothetical planet in HD 74156 was expected to have a mass about equal to that of Saturn, a semi-major axis between 0.9 and 1.4 AU, and an eccentricity less than 0.2. HD 74156 d, a planet with a mass of 1.3 Saturn masses at 1.04 AU with an eccentricity of 0.25, was recently announced. We have reanalyzed all published data on this system in order to place tighter constraints on the properties of the new planet. We find two possible orbits for this planet, one close to that already identified and another (with a slightly better fit to the data) at ~0.89 AU. We also review the current status of other planet predictions, discuss the observed single planet systems, and suggest other systems which may contain planets in between those that are already known. The confirmation of the existence of HD 74156 d suggests that planet formation is an efficient process, and planetary systems should typically contain many planets.

  14. JPP-HdM p. 1/? Qu es el lgebra?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinasco, Juan Pablo

    geométricos JPP-HdM ­ p. 17/? #12;Solución de ecuaciones lineales y raíces de polinomios Algebra babilónica;Solución de ecuaciones lineales y raíces de polinomios Algebra babilónica, los hindúes, los árabes, Fiore/? #12;Solución de ecuaciones lineales y raíces de polinomios Algebra babilónica, los hindúes, los árabes

  15. THE DISCOVERY OF HD 37605c AND A DISPOSITIVE NULL DETECTION OF TRANSITS OF HD 37605b

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Sharon Xuesong; Wright, Jason T.; Mahadevan, Suvrath [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Cochran, William; Endl, Michael; MacQueen, Phillip J. [McDonald Observatory, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Kane, Stephen R.; Von Braun, Kaspar [NASA Exoplanet Science Institute, Caltech, MS 100-22, 770 South Wilson Avenue, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Henry, Gregory W. [Center of Excellence in Information Systems, Tennessee State University, 3500 John A. Merritt Boulevard, Box 9501, Nashville, TN 37209 (United States); Payne, Matthew J.; Ford, Eric B. [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, P.O. Box 112055, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); Valenti, Jeff A. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Antoci, Victoria; Dragomir, Diana; Matthews, Jaymie M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T1Z1 (Canada); Howard, Andrew W.; Marcy, Geoffrey W.; Isaacson, Howard, E-mail: xxw131@psu.edu, E-mail: jtwright@astro.psu.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the radial velocity discovery of a second planetary mass companion to the K0 V star HD 37605, which was already known to host an eccentric, P {approx} 55 days Jovian planet, HD 37605b. This second planet, HD 37605c, has a period of {approx}7.5 years with a low eccentricity and an Msin i of {approx}3.4 M{sub Jup}. Our discovery was made with the nearly 8 years of radial velocity follow-up at the Hobby-Eberly Telescope and Keck Observatory, including observations made as part of the Transit Ephemeris Refinement and Monitoring Survey effort to provide precise ephemerides to long-period planets for transit follow-up. With a total of 137 radial velocity observations covering almost 8 years, we provide a good orbital solution of the HD 37605 system, and a precise transit ephemeris for HD 37605b. Our dynamic analysis reveals very minimal planet-planet interaction and an insignificant transit time variation. Using the predicted ephemeris, we performed a transit search for HD 37605b with the photometric data taken by the T12 0.8 m Automatic Photoelectric Telescope (APT) and the MOST satellite. Though the APT photometry did not capture the transit window, it characterized the stellar activity of HD 37605, which is consistent of it being an old, inactive star, with a tentative rotation period of 57.67 days. The MOST photometry enabled us to report a dispositive null detection of a non-grazing transit for this planet. Within the predicted transit window, we exclude an edge-on predicted depth of 1.9% at the >>10{sigma} level, and exclude any transit with an impact parameter b > 0.951 at greater than 5{sigma}. We present the BOOTTRAN package for calculating Keplerian orbital parameter uncertainties via bootstrapping. We made a comparison and found consistency between our orbital fit parameters calculated by the RVLIN package and error bars by BOOTTRAN with those produced by a Bayesian analysis using MCMC.

  16. Capturing Video Using the SONY GV-HD700 Cassette Deck In the AV Production Room (Room 261), Mann Library has a SONY GV-HD700 Digital HD Video

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    Library has a SONY GV-HD700 Digital HD Video Cassette Deck. It is attached to the left side Mac Pro Creation Station, and can be used to "capture", or convert video from miniDV tapes to digital files. 1

  17. Growth of the NGV Market: Lessons Learned Roadmap for Infrastructure

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(Fact Sheet), GeothermalGrid Integration and the CarryingPeerDevelopment |

  18. NGV and FCV Light Duty Transportation Perspective | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in Many Devils Wash, Shiprock, NewThisAbandonedDepartment of

  19. MOST Spacebased Photometry of the Transiting Exoplanet System HD 209458: Transit Timing to Search for Additional Planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Miller-Ricci; J. F. Rowe; D. Sasselov; J. M. Matthews; D. B. Guenther; R. Kuschnig; A. F. J Moffat; S. M. Rucinski; G. A. H Walker; W. W. Weiss

    2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the measurement of transit times for the HD 209458 planetary system from photometry obtained with the MOST (Microvariability & Oscillations of STars) space telescope. Deviations from a constant orbital period can indicate the presence of additional planets in the system that are yet undetected, potentially with masses approaching an Earth mass. The MOST data sets of HD 209458 from 2004 and 2005 represent unprecedented time coverage with nearly continuous observations spanning 14 and 43 days and monitoring 3 transits and 12 consecutive transits, respectively. The transit times we obtain show no variations on three scales: (a) no long-term change in P since before 2004 at the 25 ms level, (b) no trend in transit timings during the 2005 run, and (c) no individual transit timing deviations above 80 sec level. Together with previously published transit times from Agol & Steffen (2007), this allows us to place limits on the presence of additional close-in planets in the system, in some cases down to below an Earth mass. This result, along with previous radial velocity work, now eliminates the possibility that a perturbing planet could be responsible for the additional heat source needed to explain HD 209458b's anomalous low density.

  20. The chemical abundances of the Ap star HD94660

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giarrusso, M. [Università di Catania, Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Sezione Astrofisica, Via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania (Italy); INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania (Italy); INFN - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud (Italy)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work I present the determination of chemical abundances of the Ap star HD94660, a possible rapid oscillating star. As all the magnetic chemically peculiar objects, it presents CNO underabundance and overabundance of iron peak elements of ?100 times and of rare earths up to 4 dex with respect to the Sun. The determination was based on the conversion of the observed equivalent widths into abundances simultaneously to the determination of effective temperature and gravity. Since the Balmer lines of early type stars are very sensitive to the surface gravity while the flux distribution is sensitive to the effective temperature, I have adopted an iterative procedure to match the H{sub ?} line profile and the observed UV-Vis-NIR magnitudes of HD94660 looking for a consistency between the metallicity of the atmosphere model and the derived abundances. From my spectroscopic analysis, this star belongs to the no-rapid oscillating class.

  1. Developmentof the 15 T Nb3Sn dipole HD2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caspi, S.; Cheng, D.W.; Dietderich, D.R.; Hafalia, A.R.; Hannaford, C.R.; Higley, H.; Lietzke, A.F.; Lizarazo, J.; McInturff, A.D.; Sabbi, G.; Ferracin, P.

    2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Superconducting Magnet Program at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is continuing the development of HD2, a 1 m long Nb{sub 3}Sn dipole generating a dipole field of 15 T in a 36 mm clear bore. With tilted (flared) ends to avoid obstructing the beam path, HD2 represents a step towards the development of cost effective accelerator quality magnets. The design has been optimized to minimize geometric harmonics and to address iron saturation and conductor magnetization effects. The support structure is based on an external aluminum shell, pre-tensioned with pressurized bladders and interference keys. Aluminum axial rods and stainless steel end plates provide longitudinal support to the coil ends during magnet excitation. This paper reports on field quality optimization and magnet parameters. The design and fabrication of the coil and structure components, and results from coil winding, reaction, and potting are also presented.

  2. The dust, planetesimals and planets of HD 38529

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amaya Moro-Martin; Renu Malhotra; John M. Carpenter; Lynne A. Hillenbrand; Sebastian Wolf; Michael R. Meyer; David Hollenbach; Joan Najita; Thomas Henning

    2007-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    HD 38529 is a post-main sequence G8III/IV star (3.5 Gyr old) with a planetary system consisting of at least two planets having Msin(i) of 0.8 MJup and 12.2 MJup, semimajor axes of 0.13 AU and 3.74 AU, and eccentricities of 0.25 and 0.35, respectively. Spitzer observations show that HD 38529 has an excess emission above the stellar photosphere, with a signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) at 70 micron of 4.7, a small excess at 33 micron (S/N=2.6) and no excess model the spectral energy distribution of HD 38529 to find out which of these niches show signs of harboring dust-producing plantesimals. The secular analysis, together with the SED modeling resuls, suggest that the planetesimals responsible for most of the dust emission are likely located within 20-50 AU, a configuration that resembles that of the Jovian planets + Kuiper Belt in our Solar System. Finally, we place upper limits (8E-6 lunar masses of 10 micron particles) to the amount of dust that could be located in the dynamically stable region that exists between the two planets (0.25--0.75 AU).

  3. Development of portable NMR polarimeter system for polarized HD target

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, T; Didelez, J -P; Fujiwara, M; Fukuda, K; Kohri, H; Kunimatsu, T; Morisaki, C; Ono, S; Rouille, G; Tanaka, M; Ueda, K; Uraki, M; Utsuro, M; Wang, S Y; Yosoi, M

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A portable NMR polarimeter system has been developed to measure the polarization of a polarized Hydrogen-Deuteride (HD) target for hadron photoproduction experiments at SPring-8. The polarized HD target is produced at the Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka university and is transported to SPring-8. The HD polarization should be monitored at both places. We have constructed the portable NMR polarimeter system by replacing the devices in the conventional system with the software system with PCI eXtensions for Instrumentation (PXI). The weight of the NMR system is downsized from 80 kg to 7 kg, and the cost is reduced to 25%. We check the performance of the portable NMR polarimeter system. The signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio of the NMR signal for the portable system is about 50% of that for the conventional NMR system. This performance of the portable NMR system is proved to be compatible with the conventional NMR system for the polarization measurement.

  4. Development of portable NMR polarimeter system for polarized HD target

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Ohta; M. Fujiwara; K. Fukuda; H. Kohri; T. Kunimatsu; C. Morisaki; S. Ono; M. Tanaka; K. Ueda; M. Uraki; M. Utsuro; S. Y. Wang; M. Yosoi

    2011-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A portable NMR polarimeter system has been developed to measure the polarization of a polarized Hydrogen-Deuteride (HD) target for hadron photoproduction experiments at SPring-8. The polarized HD target is produced at the Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka university and is transported to SPring-8. The HD polarization should be monitored at both places. We have constructed the portable NMR polarimeter system by replacing the devices in the conventional system with the software system with PCI eXtensions for Instrumentation (PXI). The weight of the NMR system is downsized from 80 kg to 7 kg, and the cost is reduced to 25%. We check the performance of the portable NMR polarimeter system. The signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio of the NMR signal for the portable system is about 50% of that for the conventional NMR system. This performance of the portable NMR system is proved to be compatible with the conventional NMR system for the polarization measurement.

  5. Helium stratification in HD 145792: a new Helium strong star

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Catanzaro

    2007-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we report on the real nature of the star HD 145792, classified as He weak in {\\it ``The General Catalogue of Ap and Am stars''}. By means of FEROS@ESO1.52m high resolution spectroscopic data, we refined the atmospheric parameters of the star, obtaining: T$_{\\rm eff}$ = 14400 $\\pm$ 400 K, $\\log g$ = 4.06 $\\pm$ 0.08 and $\\xi$ = 0 $^{+0.6}$ km s$^{-1}$. These values resulted always lower than those derived by different authors with pure photometric approaches. Using our values we undertook an abundance analysis with the aim to derive, for the first time, the chemical pattern of the star's atmosphere. For metals a pure LTE synthesis (ATLAS9 and SYNTHE) has been used, while for helium a hybrid approach has been preferred (ATLAS9 and SYNSPEC). The principal result of our study is that HD 145792 belongs to He strong class contrary to the previous classification. Moreover, helium seems to be vertically stratified in the atmosphere, decreasing toward deepest layers. For what that concerns metals abundances, we found the following: overabundance of oxygen, neon, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur and calcium; carbon, nitrogen, magnesium, aluminum, titanium, chromium and nickel are normal, being the discrepancies from the solar values within the experimental errors; iron resulted to be slightly underabundant.

  6. Is the X-ray pulsating companion of HD 49798 a possible type Ia supernova progenitor?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Dong-Dong; Wu, Cheng-Yuan; Wang, Bo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HD 49798 (a hydrogen depleted subdwarf O6 star) with its massive white dwarf (WD) companion has been suggested to be a progenitor candidate of type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). However, it is still uncertain whether the companion of HD 49798 is a carbon-oxygen (CO) WD or an oxygen-neon (ONe) WD. A CO WD will explode as an SN Ia when its mass grows approach to Chandrasekhar mass, while the outcome of an accreting ONe WD is likely to be a neutron star. We followed a series of Monte Carlo binary population synthesis approach to simulate the formation of ONe WD + He star systems. We found that there is almost no orbital period as large as HD 49798 with its WD companion in these ONe WD + He star systems based on our simulations, which means that the companion of HD 49798 might not be an ONe WD. We suggest that the companion of HD 49798 is most likely a CO WD, which can be expected to increase its mass to the Chandrasekhar mass limit by accreting He-rich material from HD 49798. Thus, HD 49798 with its companion may prod...

  7. HD 137510: An Oasis in the Brown Dwarf Desert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Endl; Artie P. Hatzes; William D. Cochran; Barbara McArthur; Carlos Allende Prieto; Diane B. Paulson Eike Guenther; Ana Bedalov

    2004-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the beginning of precise Doppler surveys, which have had stunning success in detecting extrasolar planetary companions, one surprising enigma has emerged: the relative paucity of spectroscopic binaries where the secondary mass lies in between the stellar and planetary mass regime. This gap in the mass function for close-in (a < 3 - 4 AU) companions to solar-type stars is generally referred to as the ``Brown Dwarf Desert''. Here we report the detection of a companion to HD 137510 (G0IV), with a minimum mass of 26 M_Jupiter, moving in an eccentric orbit (e=0.4) with a period of 798 days and an orbital semimajor axis of 1.85 AU. The detection is based on precise differential radial velocity (RV) data obtained by the McDonald Observatory and Thueringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg planet search programs.

  8. HD 137510: An Oasis in the Brown Dwarf Desert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Endl, M; Cochran, W D; McArthur, B; Allende-Prieto, C; Günther, D B; Bedalov, A; Endl, Michael; Hatzes, Artie P.; Cochran, William D.; Arthur, Barbara Mc; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Guenther, Diane B. Paulson Eike; Bedalov, Ana

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the beginning of precise Doppler surveys, which have had stunning success in detecting extrasolar planetary companions, one surprising enigma has emerged: the relative paucity of spectroscopic binaries where the secondary mass lies in between the stellar and planetary mass regime. This gap in the mass function for close-in (a < 3 - 4 AU) companions to solar-type stars is generally referred to as the ``Brown Dwarf Desert''. Here we report the detection of a companion to HD 137510 (G0IV), with a minimum mass of 26 M_Jupiter, moving in an eccentric orbit (e=0.4) with a period of 798 days and an orbital semimajor axis of 1.85 AU. The detection is based on precise differential radial velocity (RV) data obtained by the McDonald Observatory and Thueringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg planet search programs.

  9. Confirming HD 23478 as a new magnetic B star hosting an H$\\alpha$-bright centrifugal magnetosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sikora, James; Bohlender, David; Neiner, Coralie; Oksala, Mary; Shultz, Matt; Cohen, David; ud-Doula, Asif; Grunhut, Jason; Monin, Dmitry; Owocki, Stan; Petit, Véronique; Rivinius, Thomas; Townsend, Richard

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we report 23 magnetic field measurements of the B3IV star HD 23478: 12 obtained from high resolution Stokes $V$ spectra using the ESPaDOnS (CFHT) and Narval (TBL) spectropolarimeters, and 11 from medium resolution Stokes $V$ spectra obtained with the DimaPol spectropolarimeter (DAO). HD 23478 was one of two rapidly rotating stars identified as potential "centrifugal magnetosphere" hosts based on IR observations from the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment survey. We derive basic physical properties of this star including its mass ($M=6.1^{+0.8}_{-0.7}\\,M_\\odot$), effective temperature ($T_{\\rm eff}=20\\pm2\\,$kK), radius ($R=2.7^{+1.6}_{-0.9}\\,R_\\odot$), and age ($\\tau_{\\rm age}=3^{+37}_{-1}\\,$Myr). We repeatedly detect weakly-variable Zeeman signatures in metal, He and H lines in all our observations corresponding to a longitudinal magnetic field of $\\langle B_z\\rangle\\approx-2.0\\,$kG. The rotational period is inferred from Hipparcos photometry ($P_{\\rm rot}=1.0498(4)\\,$d). Und...

  10. Test Results for HD1, a 16 Tesla Nb3Sn Dipole Magnet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lietzke, A.F.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Design and Fabrication ofa 16 Tesla Nb 3 Sn Dipole Magnet",Test Results for HD 1, a 16 Tesla Nb 3 Sn Dipole Magnet A.F.and bore fields above 16 Tesla. II. MAGNET FEATURES AND TEST

  11. Thermal H/D exchange in polar ice - deuteron scrambling in space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lamberts, Thanja; Cuppen, Herma; Fedoseev, Gleb; Linnartz, Harold

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have investigated the thermally induced proton/deuteron exchange in mixed amorphous H$_2$O:D$_2$O ices by monitoring the change in intensity of characteristic vibrational bending modes of H$_2$O, HDO, and D$_2$O with time and as function of temperature. The experiments have been performed using an ultra-high vacuum setup equipped with an infrared spectrometer that is used to investigate the spectral evolution of homogeneously mixed ice upon co-deposition in thin films, for temperatures in the 90 to 140 K domain. With this non-energetic detection method we find a significantly lower activation energy for H/D exchange -- $3840 \\pm 125$ K -- than previously reported. Very likely this is due to the amorphous nature of the interstellar ice analogues involved. This provides reactive timescales ($\\tau70$ K) fast enough for the process to be important in interstellar environments. Consequently, an astronomical detection of D$_2$O will be even more challenging because of its potential to react with H$_2$O to form H...

  12. Design of HD2: a 15 T Nb3Sn dipole with a 35 mm bore

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabbi, G.; Bartlett, S. E.; Caspi, S.; Dietderich, D. R.; Ferracin, P.; Gourlay, S. A.; Hannaford, C. R.; Hafalia, A. R.; Lietzke, A. F.; Mattafirri, S.; McInturff, A. D.; Scanlan, R.

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nb{sub 3}Sn dipole HD1, recently fabricated and tested at LBNL, pushes the limits of accelerator magnet technology into the 16 T field range, and opens the way to a new generation of HEP colliders. HD1 is based on a flat racetrack coil configuration and has a 10 mm bore. These features are consistent with the HD1 goals: exploring the Nb{sub 3}Sn conductor performance limits at the maximum fields and under high stress. However, in order to further develop the block-coil geometry for future high-field accelerators, the bore size has to be increased to 30-50 mm. With respect to HD1, the main R&D challenges are: (a) design of the coil ends, to allow a magnetically efficient cross-section without obstructing the beam path; (b) design of the bore, to support the coil against the pre-load force; (c) correction of the geometric field errors. HD2 represents a first step in addressing these issues, with a central dipole field above 15 T, a 35 mm bore, and nominal field harmonics within a fraction of one unit. This paper describes the HD2 magnet design concept and its main features, as well as further steps required to develop a cost-effective block-coil design for future high-field, accelerator-quality dipoles.

  13. The stellar wind velocity field of HD 77581

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manousakis, A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The early acceleration of stellar winds in massive stars is poorly constrained. The scattering of hard X-ray photons emitted by the pulsar in the high-mass X-ray binary Vela X-1 can be used to probe the stellar wind velocity and density profile close to the surface of its supergiant companion HD 77581. We built a high signal-to-noise and high resolution hard X-ray lightcurve of Vela X-1 measured by Swift/BAT over 300 orbital periods of the system and compared it with the predictions of a grid of hydrodynamic simulations. We obtain a very good agreement between observations and simulations for a narrow set of parameters, implying that the wind velocity close to the stellar surface is twice larger than usually assumed with the standard beta law. Locally a velocity gradient of $\\beta\\sim0.5$ is favoured. Even if still incomplete, hydrodynamic simulations are successfully reproducing several observational properties of Vela X-1.

  14. SusyHD: Higgs mass Determination in Supersymmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Javier Pardo Vega; Giovanni Villadoro

    2015-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the state-of-the-art of the effective field theory computation of the MSSM Higgs mass, improving the existing ones by including extra threshold corrections. We show that, with this approach, the theoretical uncertainty is within 1 GeV in most of the relevant parameter space. We confirm the smaller value of the Higgs mass found in the EFT computations, which implies a slightly heavier SUSY scale. We study the large tan(\\beta) region, finding that sbottom thresholds might relax the upper bound on the scale of SUSY. We present SusyHD, a fast computer code that computes the Higgs mass and its uncertainty for any SUSY scale, from the TeV to the Planck scale, even in Split SUSY, both in the DRbar and in the on-shell schemes. Finally, we apply our results to derive bounds on some well motivated SUSY models, in particular we show how the value of the Higgs mass allows to determine the complete spectrum in minimal gauge mediation.

  15. SusyHD: Higgs mass Determination in Supersymmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vega, Javier Pardo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the state-of-the-art of the effective field theory computation of the MSSM Higgs mass, improving the existing ones by including extra threshold corrections. We show that, with this approach, the theoretical uncertainty is within 1 GeV in most of the relevant parameter space. We confirm the smaller value of the Higgs mass found in the EFT computations, which implies a slightly heavier SUSY scale. We study the large tan(\\beta) region, finding that sbottom thresholds might relax the upper bound on the scale of SUSY. We present SusyHD, a fast computer code that computes the Higgs mass and its uncertainty for any SUSY scale, from the TeV to the Planck scale, even in Split SUSY, both in the DRbar and in the on-shell schemes. Finally, we apply our results to derive bounds on some well motivated SUSY models, in particular we show how the value of the Higgs mass allows to determine the complete spectrum in minimal gauge mediation.

  16. The HD 5980 multiple system: Masses and evolutionary status

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koenigsberger, Gloria [Instituto de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ave. Universidad S/N, Cuernavaca, Morelos 62210 (Mexico); Morrell, Nidia [Las Campanas Observatory, The Carnegie Observatories, Colina El Pino s/n, Casillas 601, La Serena (Chile); Hillier, D. John [Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Pittsburgh Particle Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology Center (PITT PACC), 3941 O'Hara Street, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 (United States); Gamen, Roberto [Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, and Instituto de Astrofísica de La Plata (CCT La Plata-CONICET), Paseo del Bosque S/N, B1900FWA La Plata (Argentina); Schneider, Fabian R. N.; González-Jiménez, Nicolás; Langer, Norbert [Argelander-Institut für Astronomie, Auf dem Hügel 71, D-53121 Bonn (Germany); Barbá, Rodolfo, E-mail: gloria@astro.unam.mx, E-mail: nmorrell@lco.edu, E-mail: hillier@pitt.edu, E-mail: rgamen@fcaglp.unlp.edu.ar, E-mail: fschneid@astro.uni-bonn.de, E-mail: ngonzalez@astro.uni-bonn.de, E-mail: nlanger@astro.uni-bonn.de, E-mail: rbarba@dfuls.cl [Departamento de Física, Av. Juan Cisternas 1200 Norte, Universidad de la Serena, La Serena (Chile)

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New spectroscopic observations of the LBV/WR multiple system HD 5980 in the Small Magellanic Cloud are used to address the question of the masses and evolutionary status of the two very luminous stars in the 19.3 day eclipsing binary system. Two distinct components of the N V 4944 Å line are detected in emission and their radial velocity variations are used to derive masses of 61 and 66 M {sub ?}, under the assumption that binary interaction effects on this atomic transition are negligible. We propose that this binary system is the product of quasi-chemically homogeneous evolution with little or no mass transfer. Thus, both of these binary stars may be candidates for gamma-ray burst progenitors or even pair instability supernovae. Analysis of the photospheric absorption lines belonging to the third-light object in the system confirm that it consists of an O-type star in a 96.56 day eccentric orbit (e = 0.82) around an unseen companion. The 5:1 period ratio and high eccentricities of the two binaries suggest that they may constitute a hierarchical quadruple system.

  17. The unusual quadruple system HD 91962 with a "planetary" architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokovinin, Andrei; Mason, Brian D

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The young nearby solar-type star HD 91962 is a rare quadruple system where three companions revolve around the main component with periods of 170.3 days, 8.85 years, and 205 years. The two outer orbits are nearly co-planar, and all orbits have small eccentricities. We refine the visual orbit of the outer pair, determine the combined spectro-interferometric orbit of the middle 8.8-yr pair and the spectroscopic orbit of the inner binary. The middle and inner orbits are likely locked in a 1:19 resonance, the ratio of the outer and middle periods is ~23. The masses of all components are estimated (inside-out: 1.14, 0.32, 0.64, 0.64 solar mass), the dynamical parallax is 27.4+-0.6 mas. We speculate that this multiple system originated from collapse of an isolated core and that the companions migrated in a dissipative disk. Other multiple systems with similar features (coplanarity, small eccentricity, and period ratio around 20) are known.

  18. The Potential of Elelcltric Exhaust Gas Turbocharging for HD DIesel Engines

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic|Industrial Sector, January 2000 |The Planet Janitor© Coloring|

  19. Long-term XMM-Newton investigation of two particle-accelerating colliding-wind binaries in NGC6604: HD168112 and HD167971

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Becker, M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The long-term (over more than one decade) X-ray emission from two massive stellar systems known to be particle accelerators is investigated using XMM-Newton. Their X-ray properties are interpreted taking into account recent information about their multiplicity and orbital parameters. The two targets, HD168112 and HD167971 appear to be overluminous in X-rays, lending additional support to the idea that a significant contribution of the X-ray emission comes from colliding-wind regions. The variability of the X-ray flux from HD168112 is interpreted in terms of varying separation expected to follow the 1/D rule for adiabatic shocked winds. For HD167971, marginal decrease of the X-ray flux in September 2002 could tentatively be explained by a partial wind eclipse in the close pair. No long-term variability could be demonstrated despite the significant difference of separation between 2002 and 2014. This suggests the colliding-wind region in the wide orbit does not contribute a lot to the total X-ray emission, with...

  20. The CORALIE survey for southern extra-solar planets VII. Two short-period Saturnian companions to HD108147 and HD168746

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Pepe; M. Mayor; F. Galland; D. Naef; D. Queloz; N. C. Santos; S. Udry; M. Burnet

    2002-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the discovery of two Saturn-mass companions to HD108147 and HD168746. Both belong to the lightest ever discovered planets. The minimum mass of the companion to HD168746 is of only 0.77 the mass of Saturn and its orbital period is 6.4 days. The companion to HD108147 orbits its parent star in 10.9 days and its minimum mass is 1.34 that of Saturn. Its orbit is characterized by a high eccentricity, e=0.50, indicating possibly the presence of a second companion. The detection of Saturn-mass planets by means of the Doppler technique demands high radial-velocity measurement precision. The two new candidates were discovered by means of the CORALIE echelle spectrograph. The instrumental accuracy of CORALIE combined with the simultaneous ThAr-reference technique has reached a level better than 3m/s. On many observed objects the precision is now limited by photon noise. We present in this paper the weighted cross-correlation technique, which leads to an improvement in the photon noise of the computed radial velocity. We discuss as well a modification of the numerical cross-correlation mask which reduces significantly the residual perturbation effects produced by telluric absorption lines.

  1. First optical images of circumstellar dust surrounding the debris disk candidate HD 32297

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Kalas

    2005-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Near-infrared imaging with the Hubble Space Telescope recently revealed a circumstellar dust disk around the A star HD 32297. Dust scattered light is detected as far as 400 AU radius and the linear morphology is consistent with a disk ~10 degrees away from an edge-on orientation. Here we present the first optical images that show the dust scattered light morphology from 560 to 1680 AU radius. The position angle of the putative disk midplane diverges by 31 degrees and the color of dust scattering is most likely blue. We associate HD 32297 with a wall of interstellar gas and the enigmatic region south of the Taurus molecular cloud. We propose that the extreme asymmetries and blue disk color originate from a collision with a clump of interstellar material as HD 32297 moves southward, and discuss evidence consistent with an age of 30 Myr or younger.

  2. A Theory for the Radius of the Transiting Giant Planet HD 209458b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adam Burrows; David Sudarsky; William B. Hubbard

    2003-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a full frequency-dependent atmosphere code that can incorporate irradiation by a central primary star, we calculate self-consistent boundary conditions for the evolution of the radius of the transiting planet HD 209458b. Using a well-tested extrasolar giant planet evolutionary code, we then calculate the behavior of this planet's radius with age. The measured radius is in fact a transit radius that resides high in HD 209458b's inflated atmosphere. Using our derived atmospheric and interior structures, we find that irradiation plus the proper interpretation of the transit radius can yield a theoretical radius that is within the measured error bars. We conclude that if HD 209458b's true transit radius is at the lower end of the measured range, an extra source of core heating power is not necessary to explain the transit observations.

  3. CONSTRAINTS ON THE FORMATION OF THE PLANET IN HD 188753 Hannah Jang-Condell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for planet formation. In this paper we attempt to model a protoplanetary disk around HD 188753A using around an iso- lated star, these models provide good fits to observed spectral energy distributions (SEDs that planet formation cannot occur in the more quiescent -disk model puts a strong constraint on planet

  4. Macintosh HD:IMVP Save Stuff:voices from ep's VOICES FROM ENGINE PLANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitney, Daniel

    7/27/98 1 Macintosh HD:IMVP Save Stuff:voices from ep's VOICES FROM ENGINE PLANTS by Daniel E Abstract Statistical results from a survey of automobile engine plant performance are combined with quotes of designing engines and planning and operating engine plants. Topics covered include emerging organizational

  5. THE TRENDS HIGH-CONTRAST IMAGING SURVEY. III. A FAINT WHITE DWARF COMPANION ORBITING HD 114174

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crepp, Justin R. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, 225 Nieuwland Science Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Johnson, John Asher [Department of Planetary Science, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Howard, Andrew W. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Marcy, Geoffrey W. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Gianninas, Alexandros; Kilic, Mukremin [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 (United States); Wright, Jason T., E-mail: jcrepp@nd.edu [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The nearby Sun-like star HD 114174 exhibits a strong and persistent Doppler acceleration indicating the presence of an unseen distant companion. We have acquired high-contrast imaging observations of this star using NIRC2 at Keck and report the direct detection of the body responsible for causing the ''trend''. HD 114174 B has a projected separation of 692 {+-} 9 mas (18.1 AU) and is 10.75 {+-} 0.12 mag (contrast of 5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5}) fainter than its host in the K-band, requiring aggressive point-spread function subtraction to identify. Our astrometric time baseline of 1.4 yr demonstrates physical association through common proper motion. We find that the companion has absolute magnitude, M{sub J} = 13.97 {+-} 0.11, and colors, J - K = 0.12 {+-} 0.16 mag. These characteristics are consistent with an Almost-Equal-To T3 dwarf, initially leading us to believe that HD 114174 B was a substellar object. However, a dynamical analysis that combines radial velocity measurements with available imaging data indicates a minimum mass of 0.260 {+-} 0.010 M{sub Sun }. We conclude that HD 114174 B must be a white dwarf. Assuming a hydrogen-rich composition, atmospheric and evolutionary model fits yield an effective temperature T{sub eff} = 8200 {+-} 4000 K, surface gravity log g = 8.90 {+-} 0.02, and cooling age of t{sub c} Almost-Equal-To 3.4 Gyr, which is consistent with the 4.7{sup +2.3}{sub -2.6} Gyr host star isochronal age estimate. HD 114174 B is a benchmark object located only 26.14 {+-} 0.37 pc from the Sun. It may be studied at a level of detail comparable to Sirius and Procyon, and used to understand the link between the mass of white dwarf remnants with that of their progenitors.

  6. IMPROVED V II log(gf) VALUES, HYPERFINE STRUCTURE CONSTANTS, AND ABUNDANCE DETERMINATIONS IN THE PHOTOSPHERES OF THE SUN AND METAL-POOR STAR HD 84937

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, M. P.; Lawler, J. E.; Den Hartog, E. A. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Sneden, C. [Department of Astronomy and McDonald Observatory, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Cowan, J. J., E-mail: mpwood@wisc.edu, E-mail: jelawler@wisc.edu, E-mail: eadenhar@wisc.edu, E-mail: chris@verdi.as.utexas.edu, E-mail: cowan@nhn.ou.edu [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 (United States)

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New experimental absolute atomic transition probabilities are reported for 203 lines of V II. Branching fractions are measured from spectra recorded using a Fourier transform spectrometer and an echelle spectrometer. The branching fractions are normalized with radiative lifetime measurements to determine the new transition probabilities. Generally good agreement is found between this work and previously reported V II transition probabilities. Two spectrometers, independent radiometric calibration methods, and independent data analysis routines enable a reduction in systematic uncertainties, in particular those due to optical depth errors. In addition, new hyperfine structure constants are measured for selected levels by least squares fitting line profiles in the FTS spectra. The new V II data are applied to high resolution visible and UV spectra of the Sun and metal-poor star HD 84937 to determine new, more accurate V abundances. Lines covering a range of wavelength and excitation potential are used to search for non-LTE effects. Very good agreement is found between our new solar photospheric V abundance, log ?(V) = 3.95 from 15 V II lines, and the solar-system meteoritic value. In HD 84937, we derive [V/H] = –2.08 from 68 lines, leading to a value of [V/Fe] = 0.24.

  7. HD gas purification for polarized HDice targets production at Jefferson Lab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whisnant, Charles; D'Angelo, Annalisa; Colaneri, Luca; Devilbiss, J.; Kageya, Tsuneo; Loving, D.A.; Lowry, Michael; Rizzo, Alessandro; Sandorfi, Andrew; Schaerf, Carlo; Storey, J.D.; Wallace, C.M.; Wei, Xiangdong; Zonta, Irene

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solid, frozen-spin targets of molecular HD were #12;rst developed for nuclear physics by a collaboration between Syracuse University and Brookhaven National Lab. They have been successfully used in measurements with photon beams, #12;rst at the Laser-Electron-Gamma-Source [1] and most recently at Je#11;erson Lab during the running of the E06-101 (g14) experiment [2]. Preparations are underway to utilize the targets in future electron experiments after the completion of the 12 GeV JLab upgrade [3]. HD is an attractive target since all of the material is polarizable, of low Z, and requires only modest holding #12;elds. At the same time, the small contributions from the target cell can be subtracted from direct measurements. Reaching the frozen-spin state with both high polarization and a signi#12;cant spin relaxation time requires careful control of H2 and D2 impurities. Commercially available HD contains 0.5 - 2% concentrations of H2 and D2. Low-temperature distillation is required to reduce these concentrations to the 10􀀀4 level to enable useful target production. This distillation is done using a column #12;lled with heli-pack C [4] to give good separation e#14;ciency. Approximately 12 moles of commercial HD is condensed into the mechanically refrigerated system at the base temperature of 11K. The system is then isolated and the temperature stabilized at 18K producing liquid HD, which is boiled by a resistive heater. The circulation established by the boil-o#11; condensing throughout the column then #12;ltering back down produces a steady-state isotopic separation permitting the extraction of HD gas with very low H2 and D2 content. A residual gas analyzer initially monitors distillation. Once the H2 concentration falls below its useful operating range, samples are periodically collected for analysis using gas chromatography [5] and Raman scattering. Where the measurement techniques overlap, good agreement is obtained. The operation of the distillery and results of gas analysis will be discussed. References [1] Phy. Rev. Lett. 101 (2009) 172002. [2] www.jlab.org/exp_prog/proposals/06/PR-06-101.pdf [3] www.jlab.org/exp_prog/proposals/12/PR12-12-009.pdf, www.jlab.org/exp_prog/proposals/12/PR12-12-010.pdf, and www.jlab.org/exp_prog/proposals/11/PR12-11-111.pdf [4] Nucl. Inst. Meth. 664 (2012) 347, www.wilmad-labglass.com/Products/LG-6730-104/ [5] Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 024101 (2011).

  8. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Orbiting HD 233517, an Evolved Oxygen-Rich Red Giant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Jura; J. Bohac; B. Sargent; W. J. Forrest; J. Green; D. M. Watson; G. C. Sloan; F. Markwick-Kemper; C. H. Chen; J. Najita

    2005-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We report spectra obtained with the Spitzer Space Telescope in the 5 to 35 micron range of HD 233517, an evolved K2 III giant with circumstellar dust. At wavelengths longer than 13 microns, the flux is a smooth continuum that varies approximately as frequency to the -5/3 power. For wavelengths shorter than 13 microns, although the star is oxygen-rich, PAH features produced by carbon-rich species at 6.3 microns, 8.2 microns, 11.3 microns and 12.7 microns are detected along with likely broad silicate emission near 20 microns. These results can be explained if there is a passive, flared disk orbiting HD 233517. Our data support the hypothesis that organic molecules in orbiting disks may be synthesized in situ as well as being incorporated from the interstellar medium.

  9. Evolutionary models for cool brown dwarfs and extrasolar giant planets. The case of HD 20945

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Baraffe; G. Chabrier; T. Barman; F. Allard; P. H. Hauschildt

    2003-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We present evolutionary models for cool brown dwarfs and extra-solar giant planets. The models reproduce the main trends of observed methane dwarfs in near-IR color-magnitude diagrams. We also present evolutionary models for irradiated planets, coupling for the first time irradiated atmosphere profiles and inner structures. We focus on HD 209458-like systems and show that irradiation effects can substantially affect the radius of sub-jovian mass giant planets. Irradiation effects, however, cannot alone explain the large observed radius of HD 209458b. Adopting assumptions which optimise irradiation effects and taking into account the extension of the outer atmospheric layers, we still find $\\sim$ 20% discrepancy between observed and theoretical radii. An extra source of energy seems to be required to explain the observed value of the first transit planet.

  10. Performance analysis of HD1: a 16 Tesla Nb3Sn dipole Magnet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mattafirri, S.; Bartlett, S.E.; Bish, P.A.; Caspi, S.; Dietderich, D.R.; Ferracin, P.; Gourlay, S.A.; Hannaford, C.R.; Hafalia, A.R.; Lau, W.G.; Lietzke, A.F.; McInturff, A.D.; Nyman, M.; Sabbi, G.L.; Scanlan, R.M.

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Superconducting Magnet Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) has been developing technology for high field accelerator magnets from brittle conductors. HD1 is a single bore block dipole magnet using two, double-layer Nb{sub 3}Sn flat racetrack coils. The magnet was tested in October 2003 and reached a bore peak field of 16 T (94.5% of short sample). The average quench current plateau appeared to be limited by 'stick slip' conductor motions. Diagnostics recorded quench origins and preload distributions. Cumulative deformation of the mechanical structure has been observed. Quench velocity in different field regions has been measured and compared with model predictions. The results obtained during the HD1 test are presented and discussed.

  11. The Isotopic Mixture of Barium in the Metal-poor Subgiant HD 140283

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David L. Lambert; Carlos Allende Prieto

    2002-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Analyses of the abundances of neutron-capture elements have led to the belief that these elements in metal-poor stars are r-process products with relative abundances closely resembling those found in the solar system. This picture was challenged by Magain (1995), who found that a pure r-process mix of the barium isotopes was inconsistent with the mix of odd to even barium isotopes derived from analysis of the Ba II line at 4554 A in the spectrum of the metal-poor subgiant HD 140283. In this paper, we address Magain's challenge using new high resolution high signal-to-noise spectra of HD 140283, and find, in contrast to his result, that a solar-like r-process isotopic mixture provides a fair fit to the observed 4554 A profile.

  12. On the spectroscopic nature of the cool evolved Am star HD151878

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. M. Freyhammer; V. G. Elkin; D. W. Kurtz

    2008-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, Tiwari, Chaubey, & Pandey (2007) detected the bright component of the visual binary HD151878 to exhibit rapid photometric oscillations through a Johnson B filter with a period of 6 min (2.78 mHz) and a high, modulated amplitude up to 22 mmag peak-to-peak, making this star by far the highest amplitude roAp star known. As a new roAp star, HD151878 is of additional particular interest as a scarce example of the class in the northern sky, and only the second known case of an evolved roAp star - the other being HD 116114. We used the FIES spectrograph at the Nordic Optical Telescope to obtain high time resolution spectra at high dispersion to attempt to verify the rapid oscillations. We show here that the star at this epoch is spectroscopically stable to rapid oscillations of no more than a few tens of m/s. The high-resolution spectra furthermore show the star to be of type Am rather than Ap and we show the star lacks most of the known characteristics for rapidly oscillating Ap stars. We conclude that this is an Am star that does not pulsate with a 6-min period. The original discovery of pulsation is likely to be an instrumental artefact.

  13. Energetic neutral atoms as the explanation for the high velocity hydrogen around HD 209458b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Holmström; A. Ekenbäck; F. Selsis; T. Penz; H. Lammer; P. Wurz

    2008-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Absorption in the stellar Lyman-$\\alpha$ (Ly-$\\alpha$) line observed during the transit of the extrasolar planet HD 209458b reveals high velocity atomic hydrogen at great distances from the planet. This has been interpreted as hydrogen atoms escaping from the exosphere of the planet, possibly undergoing hydrodynamic blow-off, being accelerated by stellar radiation pressure. However, around solar system planets the production of energetic neutral atoms from charge exchange between solar wind protons and neutral hydrogen from the exospheres has been observed, and should also occur at extrasolar planets. Here we show that the measured transit-associated Ly-$\\alpha$ absorption can be explained by the interaction between the exosphere of HD 209458b and the stellar wind, and that radiation pressure alone cannot explain the observation. This is the first observation of energetic neutral atoms outside the solar system. Since the stellar wind protons are the source of the observed energetic neutral atoms, this provides a completely new method of probing stellar wind conditions, and our model suggests a slow and hot stellar wind near HD 209458b at the time of the observation.

  14. The Abundance Distribution in the Extrasolar-Planet Host Star HD19994

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verne V. Smith; Katia Cunha; Daniela Lazzaro

    2001-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Abundances of 22 elements have been determined from a high-resolution, high signal-to-noise spectrum of HD19994, a star recently announced as harboring an extrasolar planet. A detailed spectroscopic analysis of this stars finds it to have a mass of 1.2+/-0.1Msun. HD19994 is found to be slightly enriched in "metals" relative to the Sun 9[Fe/H]=+0.09+/-0.05 and an average of all metals of [m/H]=+0.13), as are most stars known with extrasolar planets. In a search for possible signatures of accretion of metal-rich gas onto the parent stars (using HD19994 and published abundances for other stars), it is found that a small subset of stars with planets exhibit a trend of increasing [X/H] with increasing condensation temperature for a given element X. This trend may point to the accretion of chemically fractionated solid material into the outer (thin) convection zones of these solar-type stars. It is also found that this small group of stars exhibiting an accretion signature all have large planets orbiting much closer than is found, in general, for stars with planets not showing this peculiar abundance trend, suggesting a physical link between accretion and orbital separation. In addition, the stars showing evidence of fractionated accretion are, on average, of larger mass (1.2Msun) than stars not showing measurable evidence of accretion (1.0Msun).

  15. THE TRENDS HIGH-CONTRAST IMAGING SURVEY. II. DIRECT DETECTION OF THE HD 8375 TERTIARY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crepp, Justin R. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, 225 Nieuwland Science Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Johnson, John Asher; Yantek, Scott M. [Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Howard, Andrew W. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Marcy, Geoff W.; Isaacson, Howard [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Fischer, Debra A. [Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Wright, Jason T.; Feng Ying, E-mail: jcrepp@nd.edu [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the direct imaging detection of a faint tertiary companion to the single-lined spectroscopic binary HD 8375 AB. Initially noticed as an 53 m s{sup -1} yr{sup -1} Doppler acceleration by Bowler et al., we have obtained high-contrast adaptive optics observations at Keck using NIRC2 that spatially resolve HD 8375 C from its host(s). Astrometric measurements demonstrate that the companion shares a common proper-motion. We detect orbital motion in a clockwise direction. Multiband relative photometry measurements are consistent with an early M-dwarf spectral type ({approx}M1V). Our combined Doppler and imaging observations place a lower-limit of m {>=} 0.297 M{sub Sun} on its dynamical mass. We also provide a refined orbit for the inner pair using recent radial velocity measurements obtained with the High Resolution Echelle Spectrometer. HD 8375 is one of many triple-star systems that are apparently missing in the solar neighborhood.

  16. Multiperiodicity in the large-amplitude rapidly-rotating $?$Ceph ei star HD 203664

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Aerts; P. De Cat; J. De Ridder; H. Van Winckel; G. Raskin; G. Davignon; K. Uytterhoeven

    2005-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform a seismic study of the young massive $\\beta $Cephei star HD 203664 with the goal to constrain its interior structure. Our study is based on a time series of 328 new Geneva 7-colour photometric data of the star spread over 496.8 days. The data confirm the frequency of the dominant mode of the star which we refine to $f_1=6.02885 $c d$^{-1}$. The mode has a large amplitude of 37 mmag in V and is unambiguously identified as a dipole mode ($\\ell=2$) from its amplitude ratios and non-adiabatic computations. Besides $f_1$, we discover two additional new frequencies in the star with amplitudes above $4\\sigma$: $f_2=6.82902 $c d$^{-1}$ and $f_3=4.81543 $c d$^{-1}$ or one of their daily aliases. The amplitudes of these two modes are only between 3 and 4 mmag which explains why they were not detected before. Their amplitude ratios are too uncertain for mode identification. We show that the observed oscillation spectrum of HD 203664 is compatible with standard stellar models but that we have insufficient information for asteroseismic inferences. Among the large-amplitude $\\beta $Cephei stars, HD 203664 stands out as the only one rotating at a significant fraction of its critical rotation velocity ($\\sim 40%$).

  17. Photometric study of HD 155555 C in the $\\beta$ Pictoris Association

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Messina, Sergio; Bradstreet, David H

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We are carrying out a series of photometric monitoring to measure the rotation periods of members in the young $\\beta$ Pictoris Association, as part of the RACE-OC project (Rotation and ACtivity Evolution in Open Clusters). In this paper, we present the results for HD 155555C which is believed to be physically associated to the spectroscopic binary V824 Ara (HD155555) and thus constituting a triple system. We collected B, V, and R-band photometric data timeseries and discovered from periodogram analysis the rotation period P = 4.43d. Combined with stellar radius and projected rotational velocity, we find this star almost equator-on with an inclination $i$ $\\simeq$ 90$^{\\circ}$. The rotational properties of HD155555C fit well into the period distribution of other $\\beta$ Pic members, giving further support to the suggested membership to the association and to its physical association to V824 Ara. A comparison with Pre-Main-Sequence isochrones from various models allows us to estimate an age of 20$\\pm$15 Myr fo...

  18. IMPROVED Ni I log(gf) VALUES AND ABUNDANCE DETERMINATIONS IN THE PHOTOSPHERES OF THE SUN AND METAL-POOR STAR HD 84937

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, M. P.; Lawler, J. E. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Sneden, C. [Department of Astronomy and McDonald Observatory, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Cowan, J. J., E-mail: mpwood@wisc.edu, E-mail: jelawler@wisc.edu, E-mail: chris@verdi.as.utexas.edu, E-mail: cowan@nhn.ou.edu [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 (United States)

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Atomic transition probability measurements for 371 Ni I lines in the UV through near-IR are reported. Branching fractions from data recorded using a Fourier transform spectrometer and a new echelle spectrograph are combined with published radiative lifetimes to determine these transition probabilities. Generally good agreement is found in comparisons to previously reported Ni I transition probability measurements. Use of the new echelle spectrograph, independent radiometric calibration methods, and independent data analysis routines enable a reduction of systematic errors and overall improvement in transition probability uncertainty over previous measurements. The new Ni I data are applied to high-resolution visible and UV spectra of the Sun and metal-poor star HD 84937 to derive new, more accurate Ni abundances. Lines covering a wide range of wavelength and excitation potential are used to search for non-LTE effects.

  19. Grant Title: INTELLECTUAL AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES RESEARCH CENTERS (P30) Funding Opportunity Number: RFA-HD-13-002. CFDA Number(s): 93.865.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    Number: RFA-HD-13-002. CFDA Number(s): 93.865. Agency/Department: Department of Health and Human Services

  20. Spectral, Spatial, and Time properties of the hydrogen nebula around exoplanet HD209458b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lotfi Ben-Jaffel

    2008-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    All far ultraviolet observations of HD209458 tend to support a scenario in which the inflated hydrogen atmosphere of its planetary companion strongly absorbs the stellar \\lya flux during transit. However, it was not clear how the transit absorption depends on the selected wavelength range in the stellar line profile, nor how the atomic hydrogen cloud was distributed spatially around HD209458b. Here we report a sensitivity study of observed time and spectral variations of the stellar flux. In particular, the sensitivity of the absorption depth during transit to the assumed spectral range in the stellar line profile is shown to be very weak, leading to a transit depth in the range $(8.4-8.9)%\\pm 2.0%$ for all possible wavelength ranges, and thereby confirming our initially-reported absorption rate. Taking the ratio of the line profile during transit to the unperturbed line profile, we also show that the spectral signature of the absorption by the exoplanetary hydrogen nebula is symmetric and typical of a Lorentzian, optically thick medium. Our results question the adequacy of models that require a huge absorption and/or a strong asymmetry between the blue and red side of the absorption line during transit as no such features could be detected in the HST FUV absorption profile. Finally, we show that standard atmospheric models of HD209458b provide a good fit to the observed absorption profile during transit. Other hybrid models assuming a standard model with a thin layer of superthermal hydrogen on top remain possible.

  1. New observations of the extended hydrogen exosphere of the extrasolar planet HD209458b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Ehrenreich; Alain Lecavelier des Etangs; Guillaume Hébrard; Jean-Michel Désert; Alfred Vidal-Madjar; John C. McConnell; Christopher D. Parkinson; Gilda E. Ballester

    2008-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Atomic hydrogen escaping from the planet HD209458b provides the largest observational signature ever detected for an extrasolar planet atmosphere. However, the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) used in previous observational studies is no longer available, whereas additional observations are still needed to better constrain the mechanisms subtending the evaporation process, and determine the evaporation state of other `hot Jupiters'. Here, we aim to detect the extended hydrogen exosphere of HD209458b with the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) on board the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and to find evidence for a hydrogen comet-like tail trailing the planet, which size would depend on the escape rate and the amount of ionizing radiation emitted by the star. These observations also provide a benchmark for other transiting planets, in the frame of a comparative study of the evaporation state of close-in giant planets. Eight HST orbits are used to observe two transits of HD209458b. Transit light curves are obtained by performing photometry of the unresolved stellar Lyman-alpha emission line during both transits. Absorption signatures of exospheric hydrogen during the transit are compared to light curve models predicting a hydrogen tail. Transit depths of (9.6 +/- 7.0)% and (5.3 +/- 10.0)% are measured on the whole Lyman-alpha line in visits 1 and 2, respectively. Averaging data from both visits, we find an absorption depth of (8.0 +/- 5.7)%, in good agreement with previous studies. The extended size of the exosphere confirms that the planet is likely loosing hydrogen to space. Yet, the photometric precision achieved does not allow us to better constrain the hydrogen mass loss rate.

  2. Test Results of HD1b, an upgraded 16 Tesla Nb3Sn DipoleMagnet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lietzke, A.F.; Bartlett, S.E.; Bish, P.; Caspi, S.; Dietderich,D.; Ferracin, P.; Gourlay, S.; Hafalia, A.R.; Hannaford, C.R.; Higley,H.; Lau, W.; Liggins, N.; Mattafirri, S.; Nyman, M.; Sabbi, G.; Scanlan,R.; Swanson, J.

    2005-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The Superconducting Magnet Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has been developing high-field, brittle-superconductor, accelerator magnet technology, in which the conductor's support system can significantly impact conductor performance (as well as magnet training). A recent H-dipole coil test (HD1) achieved a peak bore-field of 16 Tesla, using two, flat-racetrack, double-layer Nb{sub 3}Sn coils. However, its 4.5 K training was slow, with an erratic plateau at {approx}92% of its un-degraded ''short-sample'' expectation ({approx}16.6 T). Quench-origins correlated with regions where low conductor pre-stress had been expected (3-D FEM predictions and variations in 300 K coil-size). The coils were re-assembled with minor coil-support changes and re-tested as ''HD1b'', with a 185 MPa average pre-stress (30 MPa higher than HD1, with a 15-20 MPa pole-turn margin expected at 17 T). Training started higher (15.1 T), and quickly reached a stable, negligibly higher plateau at 16 T. After a thermal cycle, training started at 15.4 T, but peaked at 15.8 T, on the third attempt, before degrading to a 15.7 T plateau. The temperature dependence of this plateau was explored in a sub-atmospheric LHe bath to 3.0 K. Magnet performance data for both thermal cycles is presented and discussed, along with issues for future high-field accelerator magnet development.

  3. A RESOLVED DEBRIS DISK AROUND THE CANDIDATE PLANET-HOSTING STAR HD 95086

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moór, A.; Ábrahám, P.; Szabó, Gy. M.; Kiss, Cs. [Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 67, H-1525 Budapest (Hungary)] [Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 67, H-1525 Budapest (Hungary); Kóspál, Á. [European Space Agency (ESA/ESTEC, SRE-SA), P.O. Box 299, 2200 AG, Noordwijk (Netherlands)] [European Space Agency (ESA/ESTEC, SRE-SA), P.O. Box 299, 2200 AG, Noordwijk (Netherlands); Apai, D.; Pascucci, I. [Department of Astronomy and Department of Planetary Sciences, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy and Department of Planetary Sciences, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Balog, Z.; Henning, Th. [Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Csengeri, T. [Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany); Grady, C. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 667, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)] [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 667, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Juhász, A. [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden (Netherlands)] [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden (Netherlands); Szulágyi, J. [Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS UMR 7293, F-06108 Nice Cedex 2 (France)] [Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS UMR 7293, F-06108 Nice Cedex 2 (France); Vavrek, R., E-mail: moor@konkoly.hu [Herschel Science Centre, ESA/ESAC, P.O. Box 78, Villanueva de la Cañada, E-28691 Madrid (Spain)

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, a new planet candidate was discovered on direct images around the young (10-17 Myr) A-type star HD 95086. The strong infrared excess of the system indicates that, similar to HR8799, ? Pic, and Fomalhaut, the star harbors a circumstellar disk. Aiming to study the structure and gas content of the HD 95086 disk, and to investigate its possible interaction with the newly discovered planet, here we present new optical, infrared, and millimeter observations. We detected no CO emission, excluding the possibility of an evolved gaseous primordial disk. Simple blackbody modeling of the spectral energy distribution suggests the presence of two spatially separate dust belts at radial distances of 6 and 64 AU. Our resolved images obtained with the Herschel Space Observatory reveal a characteristic disk size of ?6.''0 × 5.''4 (540 × 490 AU) and disk inclination of ?25°. Assuming the same inclination for the planet candidate's orbit, its reprojected radial distance from the star is 62 AU, very close to the blackbody radius of the outer cold dust ring. The structure of the planetary system at HD 95086 resembles the one around HR8799. Both systems harbor a warm inner dust belt and a broad colder outer disk and giant planet(s) between the two dusty regions. Modeling implies that the candidate planet can dynamically excite the motion of planetesimals even out to 270 AU via their secular perturbation if its orbital eccentricity is larger than about 0.4. Our analysis adds a new example to the three known systems where directly imaged planet(s) and debris disks coexist.

  4. The CoRoT primary target HD 52265: models and seismic tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Soriano; S. Vauclair; C. Vauclair; M. Laymand

    2007-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    HD 52265 is the only known exoplanet-host star selected as a main target for the seismology programme of the CoRoT satellite. As such, it will be observed continuously during five months, which is of particular interest in the framework of planetary systems studies. This star was misclassified as a giant in the Bright Star Catalog, while it is more probably on the main-sequence or at the beginning of the subgiant branch. We performed an extensive analysis of this star, showing how asteroseismology may lead to a precise determination of its external parameters and internal structure. We first reviewed the observational constraints on the metallicity, the gravity and the effective temperature derived from the spectroscopic observations of HD 52265. We also derived its luminosity using the Hipparcos parallax. We computed the evolutionary tracks for models of various metallicities which cross the relevant observational error boxes in the gravity-effective temperature plane. We selected eight different stellar models which satisfy the observational constraints, computed their p-modes frequencies and analysed specific seismic tests. The possible models for HD 52265, which satisfy the constraints derived from the spectroscopic observations, are different in both their external and internal parameters. They lie either on the main sequence or at the beginning of the subgiant branch. The differences in the models lead to quite different properties of their oscillation frequencies. We give evidences of an interesting specific behaviour of these frequencies in case of helium-rich cores: the ``small separations'' may become negative and give constraints on the size of the core. We expect that the observations of this star by the CoRoT satellite wi ll allow choosing between these possible models.

  5. Seismic modelling of the rotating, slowly pulsating B-type star HD 21071

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szewczuk, Wojciech

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interpretation of the oscillation spectrum of the slowly pulsating B-type star HD21071 is presented. We show that non-rotating models cannot account for the two highest amplitude frequencies and taking into account the effects of rotation is necessary. Rotating seismic models are constructed using various chemical compositions, opacity data, core overshooting parameters and rotational velocities. There are prospects for seismic modelling of SPB stars, even if no asymptotic pattern is observed in their oscillation spectra, provided an unambiguous mode identification is doable and the effects of rotation are properly included.

  6. Non-LTE metal abundances in V652 Her and HD144941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Przybilla; M. F. Nieva; U. Heber; C. S. Jeffery

    2005-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Two evolutionary scenarios are proposed for the formation of extreme helium stars: a post-AGB star suffering from a late thermal pulse, or the merger of two white dwarfs. An identification of the evolutionary channel for individual objects has to rely on surface abundances. We present preliminary results from a non-LTE analysis of CNO, Mg and S for two unique objects, V652 Her and HD144941. Non-LTE abundance corrections for these elements range from negligible values to ~0.7 dex. Non-LTE effects typically lead to systematic shifts in the abundances relative to LTE and reduce the uncertainties.

  7. H-D Substitution in Interstellar Solid Methanol: A Key Route for D Enrichment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akihiro Nagaoka; Naoki Watanabe; Akira Kouchi

    2005-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Deuterium enrichment of interstellar methanol is reproduced experimentally for the first time via grain-surface H-D substitution in solid methanol at an atomic D/H ratio of 0.1. Although previous gas-grain models successfully reproduce the deuterium enrichments observed in interstellar methanol molecules (D/H of up to 0.4, compared to the cosmic ratio of $\\sim 10^{-5})$, the models exclusively focus on deuterium fractionation resulting from the successive addition of atomic hydrogen/deuterium on CO. The mechanism proposed here represents a key route for deuterium enrichment that reproduces the high observed abundances of deuterated methanol, including multiple deuterations.

  8. FMI-HD High-Definition Formation Microimager | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 NoEurope BV Jump to:FASFMI-HD High-Definition Formation

  9. "!#$%'&()$021436587 9A@BC5D9EBGFH@7I@P$Q1SRTUV WYX`$a'14RTbcRTde1SfGgihqprs%412tvuuw xyy Hd$yefygyTxheiHd$yecjqkl#mn$xhopyqn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosovichev, Alexander G.

    £¦£¡Ggihqprs%412tvu¨u¨w xyy Hd$yefygyTxheiHd$yecjqkl#mn$xhopyqn ersqrtTuTv¦w)w)xTy{z|tuf}r~r¨SxTw)xTyv yvC'nvYD8Sv chromospheric conditions is plotted in Fig. 1. "!Tv¦w Ë : # E$±%$YC'ÅC·ÉcA}{8Æ|'Y¦S®iÇ (¦ ÿ& £¢ ê æÁç2è å' ó ã ( For instance, in regions of sufficiently strong vertical mag- netic field, a series of shocks may lift

  10. The spectral variability and magnetic field characteristics of the Of?p star HD 148937

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wade, G A; Graefener, G; Howarth, I D; Martins, F; Petit, V; Vink, J S; Bagnulo, S; Folsom, C P; Nazé, Y; Walborn, N R; Townsend, R H D; Evans, C J

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We reportmagnetic and spectroscopic observations and modeling of the Of?p star HD 148937 within the context of theMagnetism in Massive Stars (MiMeS) Large Program at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope. Thirty-two high signal-to-noise ratio circularly polarised (Stokes V) spectra and 13 unpolarised (Stokes I) spectra of HD 148937 were acquired in 2009 and 2010. A definite detection of a Stokes V Zeeman signature is obtained in the grand mean of all observations (in both Least-Squares Deconvolved (LSD) mean profiles and individual spectral lines). The longitudinalmagnetic field inferred from the Stokes V LSD profiles is consistently negative, in contrast to the essentially zero field strength measured from the diagnostic null profiles. A period search of new and archival equivalent width measurements confirms the previously-reported 7.03 d variability period. The variation of equivalent widths is not strictly periodic: we present evidence for evolution of the amount or distribution of circumstellar plasma. Inte...

  11. Confirmation of the magnetic oblique rotator model for the Of?p star HD 191612

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wade, G A; Townsend, R H D; Grunhut, J H; Shultz, M; Bouret, J -C; Fullerton, A; Marcolino, W; Martins, F; Nazé, Y; Doula, A ud; Walborn, N R; Donati, J -F

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports high-precision Stokes V spectra of HD 191612 acquired using the ESPaDOnS spectropolarimeter at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope, in the context of the Magnetism in Massive stars (MiMeS) Project. Using measurements of the equivalent width of the Halpha line and radial velocities of various metallic lines, we have updated both the spectroscopic and orbital ephemerides of this star. We confirm the presence of a strong magnetic field in the photosphere of HD 191612, and detect its variability. We establish that the longitudinal field varies in a manner consistent with the spectroscopic period of 537.6 d, in an approximately sinusoidal fashion. This demonstrates a firm connection between the magnetic field and the processes responsible for the line and continuum variability. Interpreting the variation of the longitudinal magnetic field within the context of the dipole oblique rotator model we obtain a best-fit surface magnetic field model with obliquity beta=67\\pm 5 deg and polar strength Bd=2...

  12. A search for rapid pulsations in the magnetic cool chemically peculiar star HD3980

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. G. Elkin; D. W. Kurtz; L. M. Freyhammer; S. Hubrig; G. Mathys

    2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The Ap star HD3980 appears to be a promising roAp candidate based on its fundamental parameters, leading us to search for rapid pulsations with the VLT UV-Visual Echelle Spectrograph (UVES). A precise Hipparcos parallax and estimated temperature of 8100K place HD3980 in the middle of the theoretical instability strip for rapidly oscillating Ap stars, about halfway through its main sequence evolution stage. The star has a strong, variable magnetic field, as is typical of the cool magnetic Ap stars. Dipole model parameters were determined from VLT observations using FORS1. From Doppler shift measurements for individual spectral lines of rare earth elements and the H-alpha line core, we find no pulsations above 20-30 m/s. This result is corroborated by inspection of lines of several other chemical elements, as well as with crosscorrelation for long spectral regions with the average spectrum as a template. Abundances of chemical elements were determined and show larger than solar abundances of rare earth elements. Further, ionisation disequilibria for the first two ionised states of Nd and Pr are detected. We also find that the star has a strong overabundance of manganese, which is typical for much hotter HgMn and other Bp stars. Line profile variability with the rotation period was detected for the majority of chemical species.

  13. ALMA observations of the debris disk around the young Solar Analog HD 107146

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricci, L; Fu, B; Hughes, A M; Corder, S; Isella, A

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present ALMA continuum observations at a wavelength of 1.25 mm of the debris disk surrounding the $\\sim$ 100 Myr old solar analog HD 107146. The continuum emission extends from about 30 to 150 AU from the central star with a decrease in the surface brightness at intermediate radii. We analyze the ALMA interferometric visibilities using debris disk models with radial profiles for the dust surface density parametrized as i) a single power-law, ii) a single power-law with a gap, and iii) a double power-law. We find that models with a gap of radial width $\\sim 8$ AU at a distance of $\\sim 80$ AU from the central star, as well as double power-law models with a dip in the dust surface density at $\\sim 70$ AU provide significantly better fits to the ALMA data than single power-law models. We discuss possible scenarios for the origin of the HD 107146 debris disk using models of planetesimal belts in which the formation of Pluto-sized objects trigger disruptive collisions of large bodies, as well as models which co...

  14. A resolved debris disk around the candidate planet-hosting star HD95086

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moór, A; Kóspál, Á; Szabó, Gy M; Apai, D; Balog, Z; Csengeri, T; Grady, C; Henning, Th; Juhász, A; Kiss, Cs; Pascucci, I; Szulágyi, J; Vavrek, R

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, a new planet candidate was discovered on direct images around the young (10-17 Myr) A-type star HD95086. The strong infrared excess of the system indicates that, similarly to HR8799, {\\ss} Pic, and Fomalhaut, the star harbors a circumstellar disk. Aiming to study the structure and gas content of the HD95086 disk, and to investigate its possible interaction with the newly discovered planet, here we present new optical, infrared and millimeter observations. We detected no CO emission, excluding the possibility of an evolved gaseous primordial disk. Simple blackbody modeling of the spectral energy distribution suggests the presence of two spatially separate dust belts at radial distances of 6 and 64 AU. Our resolved images obtained with the Herschel Space Observatory reveal a characteristic disk size of ~6.0x5.4 arcsec (540x490 AU) and disk inclination of ~25 degree. Assuming the same inclination for the planet candidate's orbit, its re-projected radial distance from the star is 62 AU, very close to th...

  15. The Massive Progenitor of the Possible Type II-Linear Supernova 2009hd in Messier 66

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elias-Rosa, Nancy; Li, Weidong; Silverman, Jeffrey M; Foley, Ryan J; Ganeshalingam, Mohan; Mauerhan, Jon C; Kankare, Erkki; Jha, Saurabh; Filippenko, Alexei V; Beckman, John E; Berger, Edo; Cuillandre, Jean-Charles; Smith, Nathan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present observations of SN2009hd in the nearby galaxy M66. This SN is one of the closest to us in recent years but heavily obscured by dust, rendering it unusually faint in the optical, given its proximity. We find that the observed properties of SN2009hd support its classification as a possible Type II-L SN, a relatively rare subclass of CC-SNe. High-precision relative astrometry has been employed to attempt to identify a SN progenitor candidate, based on a pixel-by-pixel comparison between HST F555W and F814W images of the SN site prior to explosion and at late times. A progenitor candidate is identified in the F814W images only; this object is undetected in F555W. Significant uncertainty exists in the astrometry, such that we cannot definitively identify this object as the SN progenitor. Via insertion of artificial stars into the pre-SN HST images, we are able to constrain the progenitor's properties to those of a possible supergiant, with M(F555W)0>-7.6 mag and (V-I) 0>0.99 mag. The magnitude and color...

  16. Optical hydrogen absorption consistent with a thin bow shock leading the hot Jupiter HD 189733b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cauley, P Wilson; Jensen, Adam G; Barman, Travis; Endl, Michael; Cochran, William D

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bow shocks are ubiquitous astrophysical phenomena resulting from the supersonic passage of an object through a gas. Recently, pre-transit absorption in UV metal transitions of the hot Jupiter exoplanets HD 189733b and WASP12-b have been interpreted as being caused by material compressed in a planetary bow shock. Here we present a robust detection of a time-resolved pre-transit, as well as in-transit, absorption signature around the hot Jupiter exoplanet HD 189733b using high spectral resolution observations of several hydrogen Balmer lines. The line shape of the pre-transit feature and the shape of the time series absorption provide the strongest constraints on the morphology and physical characteristics of extended structures around an exoplanet. The in-transit measurements confirm the previous exospheric H-alpha detection although the absorption depth measured here is ~50% lower. The pre-transit absorption feature occurs 125 minutes before the predicted optical transit, a projected linear distance from the ...

  17. The massive double-lined O-type binary HD 165052

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. I. Arias; N. I. Morrell; R. H. Barba; G. L. Bosch; M. Grosso; M. Corcoran; .

    2002-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new optical spectroscopic study of the O-type binary HD 165052 based on high- and intermediate-resolution CCD observations. We re-investigated the spectral classification of the binary components, obtaining spectral types of O6.5 V and O7.5 V for the primary and secondary, respectively, finding that both stars display weak C {\\sc iii} $\\lambda5696$ emission in their spectra. We also determined a radial-velocity orbit for HD 165052 with a period of 2.95510 $\\pm$ 0.00001 d, and semiamplitudes of 94.8 and 104.7 $\\pm$ 0.5 km s$^{-1}$, resulting in a mass ratio $Q = 0.9$. From a comparison with previous radial-velocity determinations, we found evidence of apsidal motion in the system. Several signatures of wind-wind collision, such as phase-locked variability of the X-ray flux and the Struve-Sahade effect, are also considered. It was also found that the reddening in the region should be normal, in contrast with previous determinations.

  18. Long-term spectroscopic monitoring of the Luminous Blue Variable HD160529

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otmar Stahl; Thomas Gaeng; Chris Sterken; Andreas Kaufer; Thomas Rivinius; Thomas Szeifert; Bernhard Wolf

    2002-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We have spectroscopically monitored the galactic Luminous Blue Variable HD 160529 and obtained an extensive high-resolution data set that covers the years 1991 to 2002. During this period, the star evolved from an extended photometric minimum phase towards a new visual maximum. In several observing seasons, we covered up to four months with almost daily spectra. Our spectra typically cover most of the visual spectral range with a high spectral resolution (about 20,000 or more). This allows us to investigate the variability in many lines and on many time scales from days to years. We find a correlation between the photospheric HeI lines and the brightness of the star, both on a time scale of months and on a time scale of years. The short-term variations are smaller and do not follow the long-term trend, strongly suggesting different physical mechanisms. Metal lines also show both short-term and long-term variations in strength and also a long-term trend in radial velocity. Most of the line-profile variations can be attributed to changing strengths of lines. Propagating features in the line profiles are rarely observed. We find that the mass-loss rate of HD 160529 is almost independent of temperature, i.e. visual brightness.

  19. Recent Test Results of the High Field Nb3Sn Dipole Magnet HD2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferracin, P.; Bingham, B.; Caspi, S.; Cheng, D. W.; Dietderich, D. R.; Felice, H.; Hafalia, A. R.; Hannaford, C. R.; Joseph, J.; Lietzke, A. F.; Lizarazo, J.; Sabbi, G.; Wang, X.

    2009-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The 1 m long Nb{sub 3}Sn dipole magnet HD2, fabricated and tested at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, represents a step towards the development of block-type accelerator quality magnets operating in the range of 13-15 T. The magnet design features two coil modules composed of two layers wound around a titanium-alloy pole. The layer 1 pole includes a round cutout to provide room for a bore tube with a clear aperture of 36 mm. After a first series of tests where HD2 reached a maximum bore field of 13.8 T, corresponding to an estimated peak field on the conductor of 14.5 T, the magnet was disassembled and reloaded without the bore tube and with a clear aperture increased to 43 mm. We describe in this paper the magnet training observed in two consecutive tests after the removal of the bore tube, with a comparison of the quench performance with respect to the previous tests. An analysis of the voltage signals recorded before and after training quenches is then presented and discussed, and the results of coil visual inspections reported.

  20. The Gemini NICI Planet-Finding Campaign: Asymmetries in the HD 141569 disc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biller, Beth A; Rice, W Ken; Wahhaj, Zahed; Nielsen, Eric; Hayward, Thomas; Kuchner, Marc; Close, Laird M; Chun, Mark; Ftaclas, Christ; Toomey, Douglas W

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report here the highest resolution near-IR imaging to date of the HD 141569A disc taken as part of the NICI Science Campaign. We recover 4 main features in the NICI images of the HD 141569 disc discovered in previous HST imaging: 1) an inner ring / spiral feature. Once deprojected, this feature does not appear circular. 2) an outer ring which is considerably brighter on the western side compared to the eastern side, but looks fairly circular in the deprojected image. 3) an additional arc-like feature between the inner and outer ring only evident on the east side. In the deprojected image, this feature appears to complete the circle of the west side inner ring and 4) an evacuated cavity from 175 AU inwards. Compared to the previous HST imaging with relatively large coronagraphic inner working angles (IWA), the NICI coronagraph allows imaging down to an IWA of 0.3". Thus, the inner edge of the inner ring/spiral feature is well resolved and we do not find any additional disc structures within 175 AU. We note ...

  1. Spectrally resolved detection of sodium in the atmosphere of HD189733b with the HARPS spectrograph

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyttenbach, A; Lovis, C; Udry, S; Pepe, F

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Atmospheric properties of exoplanets can be constrained with transit spectroscopy. The signature of atomic sodium NaI, known to be present above the clouds, is a powerful probe of the upper atmosphere, where it can be best detected and characterized at high spectral resolution. Our goal is to obtain a high-resolution transit spectrum of HD189733b in the region around the resonance doublet of NaI at 589 nm, to characterize the absorption signature previously detected from space at low resolution. We analyze archival transit data of HD189733b obtained with the HARPS spectrograph. We retrieve the transit spectrum and light curve of the planet, implementing corrections for telluric contamination and planetary orbital motion. We spectrally resolve the NaI D doublet and measure line contrasts of $0.64\\pm0.07\\%$ (D2) and $0.40\\pm0.07\\%$ (D1) and FWHMs of $0.52\\pm0.08~\\AA$. This corresponds to a detection at the 10-$\\sigma$ level of excess of absorption of $0.32\\pm0.03\\%$ in a passband of $2\\times0.75\\ \\AA$ centered ...

  2. Are we far from testing general relativity with the transiting extrasolar planet HD 209458b `Osiris'?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenzo Iorio

    2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we investigate the possibility of measuring the general relativistic gravitoelectric contribution P^(GE) to the orbital period P of the transiting exoplanet HD 209458b 'Osiris'. It turns out that the predicted magnitude of such an effect is \\sim 0.1 s, while the most recent determinations of the orbital period of HD 209458b with the photometric transit method are accurate to \\sim 0.01 s. The present analysis shows that the major limiting factor is the \\sim 1 m s^-1 sensitivity in the measurement of the projected semiamplitude of the star's radial velocity K. Indeed, it affects the determination of the mass m of the planet which, in turn, induces a systematic error in the Keplerian period P^(0) of \\sim 8 s. It is of crucial importance because P^(0) should be subtracted from the measured period in order to extract the relativistic correction. The present-day uncertainty in $m$ does not yet make necessary the inclusion of relativistic corrections in the data-reduction process of the determination of the system's parameters. The present situation could change only if improvements of one-two orders of magnitude in the ground-based Doppler spectroscopy technique occurred.

  3. Electron Compton-like quasielastic scattering from H2, D2, and HD R. A. Bonham,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hitchcock, Adam P.

    Electron Compton-like quasielastic scattering from H2, D2, and HD R. A. Bonham,1 G. Cooper,2 and A for quasielastic scattering of D2 to H2 in a 50:50 mixture has been reported recently Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 043204 2008 . In particular, the interpretation of quasielastic scattering provided in that work predicts

  4. Near-Infrared Detection and Characterization of the Exoplanet HD 95086 b with the Gemini Planet Imager

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galicher, Raphael; Bonnefoy, Mickael; Baudino, Jean-Loup; Currie, Thayne; Boccaletti, Anthony; Chauvin, Gael; Lagrange, Anne-Marie; Marois, Christian

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HD 95086 is an intermediate-mass debris-disk-bearing star. VLT/NaCo $3.8 \\mu m$ observations revealed it hosts a $5\\pm2 \\mathrm{M}_{Jup}$ companion (HD 95086 b) at $\\simeq 56$ AU. Follow-up observations at 1.66 and 2.18 $\\mu m$ yielded a null detection, suggesting extremely red colors for the planet and the need for deeper direct-imaging data. In this Letter, we report H- ($1.7 \\mu m$) and $\\mathrm{K}_1$- ($2.05 \\mu m$) band detections of HD 95086 b from Gemini Planet Imager (GPI) commissioning observations taken by the GPI team. The planet position in both spectral channels is consistent with the NaCo measurements and we confirm it to be comoving. Our photometry yields colors of H-L'= $3.6\\pm 1.0$ mag and K$_1$-L'=$2.4\\pm 0.7$ mag, consistent with previously reported 5-$\\sigma$ upper limits in H and Ks. The photometry of HD 95086 b best matches that of 2M 1207 b and HR 8799 cde. Comparing its spectral energy distribution with the BT-SETTL and LESIA planet atmospheric models yields T$_{\\mathrm{eff}}\\sim$600-1...

  5. Mechanical Design of HD2, a 15 T Nb3Sn Dipole Magnet with a 35 mm Bore

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferracin, P.; Bartlett, S.E.; Caspi, S.; Dietderich, D.R.; Gourlay, S.A.; Hafalia, A.R.; Hannaford, C.R.; Lietzke, A.F.; Mattafirri, S.; McInturff, A.D.; Sabbi, G.L.

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After the fabrication and test of HD1, a 16 T Nb{sub 3}Sn dipole magnet based on flat racetrack coil configuration, the Superconducting Magnet Program at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is developing the Nb{sub 3}Sn dipole HD2. With a dipole field above 15 T, a 35 mm clear bore, and nominal field harmonics within a fraction of one unit, HD2 represents a further step towards the application of block-type coils to high-field accelerator magnets. The design features tilted racetrack-type ends, to avoid obstructing the beam path, and a 4 mm thick stainless steel tube, to support the coil during the preloading operation. The mechanical structure, similar to the one used for HD1, is based on an external aluminum shell pretensioned with pressurized bladders. Axial rods and stainless steel plates provide longitudinal support to the coil ends during magnet excitation. A 3D finite element analysis has been performed to evaluate stresses and deformations from assembly to excitation, with particular emphasis on conductor displacements due to Lorentz forces. Numerical results are presented and discussed.

  6. ISO-LWS detection of the 112 micron HD J=1-0 line toward the Orion Bar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher M. Wright; Ewine F. van Dishoeck; Pierre Cox; Sunil D. Sidher; Martin F. Kessler

    1999-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the first detection outside of the solar system of the lowest pure rotational J=1-0 transition of the HD molecule at 112 microns. The detection was made toward the Orion Bar using the Fabry-Perot of the Long Wavelength Spectrometer (LWS) on board the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO). The line appears in emission with an integrated flux of (0.93+/-0.17)e-19 Watts per cm squared in the LWS beam, implying a beam-averaged column density in the v=0, J=1 state of (1.2+/-0.2)e17 molecules per cm squared. Assuming LTE excitation, the total HD column density is (2.9+/-0.8)e17 molecules per cm squared for temperatures between 85 and 300 K. Combined with the total warm molecular hydrogen (H2) column density of about (1.5-3.0)e22 molecules per cm squared derived from either the H2 pure rotational lines, C18O observations or dust continuum emission, the implied HD abundance, HD/H2, ranges from 0.7e-5 to 2.6e-5, with a preferred value of (2.0+/-0.6)e-5. The corresponding deuterium abundance of [D]/[H]=(1.0+/-0.3)e-5 is compared with recent values derived from ultraviolet absorption line observations of atomic HI and DI in interstellar clouds in the solar neighborhood and in Orion.

  7. Detection of a vibration-rotation emission line of hydrogen deuteride toward Orion Peak 1 excitation coupling of HD to H_2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, S K R; Geballe, T R; Bertoldi, F; Mountain, C M

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 2.46um v=1-0 R(5) line of deuterated molecular hydrogen, HD, has been detected in the Orion Peak~1 shock emission region, at a surface brightness of (8.5 +/- 2.1) x 10^(-9) W m^(-2)sr^(-1) over a 6 arcsec^2 area. Comparison of the column density of HD(v=1,J=6) with the column density of HD(v=0,J=6) previously observed from ISO and the H_2 level column densities toward the same region implies that the excitation of HD is similar to that of H_2 for these energy levels, despite much higher spontaneous transition rates for HD. We suggest that this rough equality is caused by the coupling of the HD levels to those of H_2, due to strong reactive collisions, HD + H -> H_2 + D, in warm, partially dissociated gas. The deuterium abundance implied by the combined ISO and UKIRT measurements toward Orion Peak 1 is [D]/[H] = (5.1 +/- 1.9)x10^(-6).

  8. Detection of a vibration-rotation emission line of hydrogen deuteride toward Orion Peak 1: excitation coupling of HD to H_2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. K Ramsay Howat; R. Timmermann; T. R. Geballe; F. Bertoldi; C. M. Mountain

    2001-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The 2.46um v=1-0 R(5) line of deuterated molecular hydrogen, HD, has been detected in the Orion Peak~1 shock emission region, at a surface brightness of (8.5 +/- 2.1) x 10^(-9) W m^(-2)sr^(-1) over a 6 arcsec^2 area. Comparison of the column density of HD(v=1,J=6) with the column density of HD(v=0,J=6) previously observed from ISO and the H_2 level column densities toward the same region implies that the excitation of HD is similar to that of H_2 for these energy levels, despite much higher spontaneous transition rates for HD. We suggest that this rough equality is caused by the coupling of the HD levels to those of H_2, due to strong reactive collisions, HD + H -> H_2 + D, in warm, partially dissociated gas. The deuterium abundance implied by the combined ISO and UKIRT measurements toward Orion Peak 1 is [D]/[H] = (5.1 +/- 1.9)x10^(-6).

  9. On the Presence of Water and Global Circulation in the Transiting Planet HD 189733b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barman, Travis S

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Detailed models are compared to recent infrared observations of the nearby extrasolar planet, HD 189733b. It is demonstrated that atmospheric water is present and that the planet's day side has a non-isothermal structure down to gas pressures of ~ 0.1 bars. Furthermore, model spectra with different amounts of CO are compared to the observations and an atmosphere absent of CO is excluded at roughly 2-sigma. Constraining the CO concentration beyond that is unfortunately not possible with the current Spitzer photometry. However, radically enhanced (or depleted) metal abundances are unlikely and the basic composition of this planet is probably similar to that of its host star. When combined with Spitzer observations, a recent ground-based upper limit for the K-band day side flux allows one to estimate the day-to-night energy redistribution efficiency to be ~ 43%.

  10. On the Presence of Water and Global Circulation in the Transiting Planet HD 189733b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Travis S. Barman

    2008-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Detailed models are compared to recent infrared observations of the nearby extrasolar planet, HD 189733b. It is demonstrated that atmospheric water is present and that the planet's day side has a non-isothermal structure down to gas pressures of ~ 0.1 bars. Furthermore, model spectra with different amounts of CO are compared to the observations and an atmosphere absent of CO is excluded at roughly 2-sigma. Constraining the CO concentration beyond that is unfortunately not possible with the current Spitzer photometry. However, radically enhanced (or depleted) metal abundances are unlikely and the basic composition of this planet is probably similar to that of its host star. When combined with Spitzer observations, a recent ground-based upper limit for the K-band day side flux allows one to estimate the day-to-night energy redistribution efficiency to be ~ 43%.

  11. HD1: Design and Fabrication of a 16 Tesla Nb3Sn DipoleMagnet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hafalia, A.R.; Bartlett, S.E.; Capsi, S.; Chiesa, L.; Dietderich,D.R.; Ferracin, P.; Goli, M.; Gourlay, S.A.; Hannaford, C.R.; Highley,H.; Lietzke, A.F.; Liggins, N.; Mattafirri, S.; McInturff, A.D.; Nyman,M.; Sabbi, G.L.; Scanlan, R.M.; Swanson, J.

    2003-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) Superconducting Magnet Group has completed the design, fabrication and test of HD1, a 16 T block-coil dipole magnet. State of the art Nb{sub 3}Sn conductor was wound in double-layer racetrack coils and supported by an iron yoke and a tensioned aluminum shell. In order to prevent conductor movement under magnetic forces up to the design field, a coil pre-stress of 150 MPa was required. To achieve this level without damaging the brittle conductor, the target stress was generated during cool-down to 4.2 K by exploiting the thermal contraction differentials between yoke and shell. Accurate control of the shell tension during assembly was obtained using pressurized bladders and interference load keys. An integrated 3D CAD model was used to optimize magnetic and mechanical design and analysis.

  12. HD1: Design and Fabrication of a 16 Tesla Nb3Sn Dipole Magnet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hafalia, A.R.; Barlett, S.E.; Caspi, S.; Chiesa, L.; Dietderich, D.R.; Ferracin, P.; Goli, M.; Gourlay, S.A.; Hannaford, C.R.; Higley, H.; Lietzke, A.F.; Liggins, N.; Mattafirri, S.; McInturff, A.D.; Myman, M.; Sabbi, G.L.; Scanlan, R.M.; Swanson, J.

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) Supcrconducting Magnet Group has completed the design, fabrication and tcst of HD1, a 16 T block-coil dipole magnet. State of the art Nb{sub 3}Sn conductor was wound in double-layer racetrack coils and supported by an iron yoke and a tensioned aluminum shell. In order to prevent conductor movement under magnetic forces up to the design field, a coil prestress of 150 MPa was required. To achieve this level without damaging the brittle conductor, the target stress was generated during cool-down to 4.2 K by exploiting the thermal contraction differentials between yoke and shell. Accurate control of the shell tension during assembly was obtained using pressurized bladders and interference load keys. An integrated 3D CAD model was used to optimize magnetic and mechanical design and analysis.

  13. A DOUBLE PLANETARY SYSTEM AROUND THE EVOLVED INTERMEDIATE-MASS STAR HD 4732

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sato, Bun'ei; Omiya, Masashi; Harakawa, Hiroki; Nagasawa, Makiko; Ida, Shigeru [Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan)] [Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan); Wittenmyer, Robert A. [Department of Astrophysics, School of Physics, University of NSW 2052 (Australia)] [Department of Astrophysics, School of Physics, University of NSW 2052 (Australia); Izumiura, Hideyuki; Kambe, Eiji [Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Kamogata, Okayama 719-0232 (Japan)] [Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Kamogata, Okayama 719-0232 (Japan); Takeda, Yoichi; Kokubo, Eiichiro [The Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Shonan Village, Hayama, Kanagawa 240-0193 (Japan)] [The Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Shonan Village, Hayama, Kanagawa 240-0193 (Japan); Yoshida, Michitoshi [Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan)] [Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan); Itoh, Yoichi [Nishi-Harima Astronomical Observatory, Center for Astronomy, University of Hyogo, 407-2, Nishigaichi, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5313 (Japan)] [Nishi-Harima Astronomical Observatory, Center for Astronomy, University of Hyogo, 407-2, Nishigaichi, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5313 (Japan); Ando, Hiroyasu, E-mail: satobn@geo.titech.ac.jp [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)] [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the detection of a double planetary system orbiting around the evolved intermediate-mass star HD 4732 from precise Doppler measurements at Okayama Astrophysical Observatory and Australian Astronomical Observatory. The star is a K0 subgiant with a mass of 1.7 M {sub Sun} and solar metallicity. The planetary system is composed of two giant planets with minimum mass of msin i = 2.4 M {sub J}, orbital period of 360.2 days and 2732 days, and eccentricity of 0.13 and 0.23, respectively. Based on dynamical stability analysis for the system, we set the upper limit on the mass of the planets to be about 28 M {sub J} (i > 5 Degree-Sign ) in the case of coplanar prograde configuration.

  14. Uncertainties in H2 and HD Chemistry and Cooling and their Role in Early Structure Formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. C. O. Glover; T. Abel

    2008-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    At low temperatures, the main coolant in primordial gas is molecular hydrogen, H2. Recent work has shown that primordial gas that is not collapsing gravitationally but is cooling from an initially ionized state forms hydrogen deuteride, HD, in sufficient amounts to cool the gas to the temperature of the cosmic microwave background. This extra cooling can reduce the characteristic mass for gravitational fragmentation and may cause a shift in the characteristic masses of population III stars. Motivated by the importance of the atomic and molecular data for the cosmological question, we assess several chemical and radiative processes that have hitherto been neglected: the sensitivity of the low temperature H2 cooling rate to the ratio of ortho-H2 to para-H2, the uncertainty in the low temperature cooling rate of H2 excited by collisions with H, the effects of cooling from H2 excited by collisions with H+ and e-, and the large uncertainties in the rates of several of the reactions responsible for determining the H2 fraction in the gas. We show that the most important of the neglected processes is the excitation of H2 by collisions with protons and electrons. This cools the gas more rapidly at early times, and so it forms less H2 and HD at late times. This fact, as well as several of the chemical uncertainties presented here, significantly affects the thermal evolution of the gas. We anticipate that this may lead to clear differences in future detailed 3D studies of first structure formation. Finally, we show that although the thermal evolution of the gas is in principle sensitive to the ortho-para ratio, in practice the standard assumption of a 3:1 ratio produces results that are almost indistinguishable from those produced by a more detailed treatment. (abridged)

  15. GRANULATION SIGNATURES IN THE SPECTRUM OF THE VERY METAL-POOR RED GIANT HD 122563

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RamIrez, I. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Collet, R.; Asplund, M. [Max Planck Institut fuer Astrophysik, Postfach 1317, 85741 Garching (Germany); Lambert, D. L. [McDonald Observatory and Department of Astronomy, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712-0259 (United States); Allende Prieto, C. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, 38205, La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

    2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A very high resolution (R = {lambda}/{Delta}{lambda} = 200, 000), high signal-to-noise ratio (S/N {approx_equal} 340) blue-green spectrum of the very metal-poor ([Fe/H] {approx_equal} -2.6) red giant star HD 122563 has been obtained by us at McDonald Observatory. We measure the asymmetries and core wavelengths of a set of unblended Fe I lines covering a wide range of line strength. Line bisectors exhibit the characteristic C-shape signature of surface convection (granulation) and they span from about 100 m s{sup -1} in the strongest Fe I features to 800 m s{sup -1} in the weakest ones. Core wavelength shifts range from about -100 to -900 m s{sup -1}, depending on line strength. In general, larger blueshifts are observed in weaker lines, but there is increasing scatter with increasing residual flux. Assuming local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE), we synthesize the same set of spectral lines using a state-of-the-art three-dimensional (3D) hydrodynamic simulation for a stellar atmosphere of fundamental parameters similar to those of HD 122563. We find good agreement between model predictions and observations. This allows us to infer an absolute zero point for the line shifts and radial velocity. Moreover, it indicates that the structure and dynamics of the simulation are realistic, thus providing support to previous claims of large 3D-LTE corrections to elemental abundances and fundamental parameters of very metal-poor red giant stars obtained with standard 1D-LTE spectroscopic analyses, as suggested by the hydrodynamic model used here.

  16. The Spitzer search for the transits of HARPS low-mass planets I. No transit for the super-Earth HD 40307b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillon, M.

    We used Spitzer and its IRAC camera to search for the transit of the super-Earth HD 40307b. The hypothesis that the planet transits could not be firmly discarded from our first photometric monitoring of a transit window ...

  17. The exceptional Herbig Ae star HD101412: The first detection of resolved magnetically split lines and the presence of chemical spots in a Herbig star

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hubrig, S; Savanov, I; Gonzalez, J F; Cowley, C R; Schuetz, O; Arlt, R; Ruediger, G

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtained high-resolution, high signal-to-noise UVES and a few lower quality HARPS spectra revealing the presence of resolved magnetically split lines. HD101412 is the first Herbig Ae star for which the rotational Doppler effect was found to be small in comparison to the magnetic splitting. The measured mean magnetic field modulus varies from 2.5 to 3.5kG, while the mean quadratic field was found to vary in the range of 3.5 to 4.8kG. To determine the period of variations, we used radial velocity, equivalent width, line width, and line asymmetry measurements of variable spectral lines of several elements, as well as magnetic field measurements. The most pronounced variability was detected for spectral lines of He I and the iron peak elements, whereas the spectral lines of CNO elements are only slightly variable. From spectral variations and magnetic field measurements we derived a potential rotation period P_rot=13.86d, which has to be proven in future studies with a larger number of observations. It is the ...

  18. Test Results of HD2, A High Field Nb3Sn Dipole with A 36 MM Bore

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferracin, Paolo

    2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The Superconducting Magnet Program at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) has developed the 1 m long Nb{sub 3}Sn dipole magnet HD2. With tilted (flared) ends to avoid obstructing a 36 mm clear bore, HD2 represents a step towards the use of block-type coils in high-field accelerator magnets. The coil design has been optimized to minimize geometric harmonics and reduce the conductor peak field in the end region, resulting in an expected short sample dipole field of 15 T. The support structure is composed by an external aluminum shell pre-tensioned with pressurized bladders and interference keys, and by two stainless steel end plates compressing the coil ends through four aluminum axial rods. We report on magnet design, assembly, and test results, including training performance, quench locations, and strain gauge measurements.

  19. Jets, accretion, coronae and all that: The enigmatic X-rays from the Herbig star HD 163296

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. M. Guenther; J. H. M. M. Schmitt

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Herbig Ae/Be stars (HAeBe) are pre-main sequence objects in the mass range between 2 and 8 solar masses. Their X-ray properties are uncertain and, as yet, unexplained. We want to elucidate the X-ray generating mechanism in HAeBes. We present a XMM-Newton observation of the HAeBe HD 163296. We analyse the light curve, the broad band and the grating spectra, fit emission measures and abundances and apply models for accretion and wind shocks. We find three temperature components ranging from 0.2 keV to 2.7 keV. The O VII He-like triplet indicates a X-ray formation region in a low density environment with a weak UV photon field, i. e. above the stellar surface. This makes an origin in an accretion shock unlikely, instead we suggest a shock at the base of the jet for the soft component and a coronal origin for the hot component. A mass outflow of 10^{-10} solar masses per year is sufficient to power the soft X-rays. HD 163296 is thought to be single, so this data represent genuine HAeBe X-ray emission. HD 163296 might be prototypical for its class.

  20. The mid-infrared spectrum of the carbon star HD 38218 and its possible relation to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buss, R.H., Jr.; Tielens, A.G.G.M.; Snow, T.P. (NASA, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA (USA) Colorado, University, Boulder (USA))

    1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mid-infrared spectra of carbon giant stars with hot companions are investigated in order to search for infrared emission bands from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in the envelopes of the C giants. A strong 8-micron emission band found in TU Tau = HD 38218 is attributed to the binary A star companion. It is argued that if the 8-micron feature in HD 38218 arises from PAHs, they seem to be important constituents of the C-giant shell, and they might be large compared with some interstellar PAHs. It is suggested that because no other IR spectra of C giants show clear PAH features, the greater flux of hard radiation in the binary HD 38218 seems likely to be responsible for the 8-micron feature and for its absence in many other C giants. Thus, PAHs could be present in the same amounts relative to SiC grains in the shells of similar single C giants, and the formation of carbonaceous grains could proceed through the formation of PAHs in C giant shells. 57 refs.

  1. On the existence of energetic atoms in the upper atmosphere of exoplanet HD209458b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Jaffel, Lotfi

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stellar irradiation and particles forcing strongly affect the immediate environment of extrasolar giant planets orbiting near their parent stars. Here, we use Far Ultraviolet (FUV) emission spectra from HD209458 in the wavelength range (1180-1710)A to bring new insight to the composition and energetic processes in play in the gas nebula around the transiting planetary companion. In that frame, we consider up-to-date atmospheric models of the giant exoplanet where we implement non-thermal line broadening to simulate the impact on the transit absorption of superthermal atoms (HI, OI, and CII) populating the upper layers of the nebula. Our sensitivity study shows that for all existing models, a significant line broadening is required for OI and probably for CII lines in order to fit the observed transit absorptions. In that frame, we show that OI and CII are preferentially heated compared to the background gas with effective temperatures as large as T_{OI}/T_B~10 for OI and T_{CII}/T_B~5 for CII. By contrast, th...

  2. Doppler-Zeeman mapping of magnetic CP stars: The case of the CP star HD 215441

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. L. Khokhlova; D. V. Vasilchenko; V. V. Stepanov; V. V. Tsymbal

    1998-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    When using a recently developed method of Doppler-Zeeman mapping (Vasilchenko et al., 1996) for analysis of a real star and real observational data, we are confronted with limitations due to the model simplifications and unavoidable errors in observed spectra. We discuss the errors introduced by probable inaccurracies of the mathematical model: analytical fit of the local Stokes parameters, influence of magneto-optical effect, ignorance of the true atmosphere model to compute local Stokes profiles, non-uniform surface brightness. The magnetic field configuration is found in the form of arbitrarily shifted dipole and sum of dipole and quadrupole, along with the distribution of Si, Ti, Cr and Fe over the surface of the star. Lines of different elements lead to the same magnetic field configuration, which is reliably determined for the part of the stellar surface which faces the observer. This allows to compare the magnetic field and chemical maps of the surface of HD 215441. A large-scale ring structure with the magnetic pole at its center is clearly seen on the abundance maps. Si, Cr and Ti are highly deficient where the magnetic field lines are vertical (near the magnetic pole) while Fe is highly overabundant there.

  3. Uncertainties in H2 and HD Chemistry and Cooling and their Role in Early Structure Formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glover, S C O

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At low temperatures, the main coolant in primordial gas is molecular hydrogen, H2. Recent work has shown that primordial gas that is not collapsing gravitationally but is cooling from an initially ionized state forms hydrogen deuteride, HD, in sufficient amounts to cool the gas to the temperature of the cosmic microwave background. This extra cooling can reduce the characteristic mass for gravitational fragmentation and may cause a shift in the characteristic masses of population III stars. Motivated by the importance of the atomic and molecular data for the cosmological question, we assess several chemical and radiative processes that have hitherto been neglected: the sensitivity of the low temperature H2 cooling rate to the ratio of ortho-H2 to para-H2, the uncertainty in the low temperature cooling rate of H2 excited by collisions with H, the effects of cooling from H2 excited by collisions with H+ and e-, and the large uncertainties in the rates of several of the reactions responsible for determining the ...

  4. Test Results for HD1, a 16 Tesla Nb3Sn Dipole Magnet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lietzke, A.F.; Bartlett, S.; Bish, P.; Caspi, S.; Chiesa, L.; Dietderich, D.; Ferracin, P.; Gourlay, S.A.; Goli, M.; Hafalia, R.R.; Higley, H.; Hannaford, R.; Lau, W.; Liggens, N.; Mattafirri, S.; McInturff, A.; Nyman, M.; Sabbi, G.; Scanlan, R.; Swanson, J.

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Superconducting Magnet Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has been developing the technology for using brittle superconductor in high-field accelerator magnets. HD1, the latest in a series of magnets, contains two, double-layer Nb{sub 3}Sn flat racetrack coils. This single-bore dipole configuration, using the highest performance conductor available, was designed and assembled for a 16 tesla conductor/structure/pre-stress proof-of-principle. With the combination of brittle conductor and high Lorentz stress, considerable care was taken to predict the magnet's mechanical responses to pre-stress, cool-down, and excitation. Subsequent cold testing satisfied expectations: Training started at 13.6 T, 83% of 'short-sample', achieved 90% in 10 quenches, and reached its peak bore field (16 T) after 19 quenches. The average plateau, {approx}92% of 'short-sample', appeared to be limited by 'stick-slip' conductor motions, consistent with the 16.2 T conductor 'lift-off' pre-stress that was chosen for this first test. Some lessons learned and some implications for future conductor and magnet technology development are presented and discussed.

  5. Detailed structure of the outer disk around HD 169142 with polarized light in H-band

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Momose, Munetake; Fukagawa, Misato; Muto, Takayuki; Takeuchi, Taku; Hashimoto, Jun; Honda, Mitsuhiko; Kudo, Tomoyuki; Okamoto, Yoshiko K; Kanagawa, Kazuhiro D; Tanaka, Hidekazu; Grady, Carol A; Sitko, Michael L; Akiyama, Eiji; Currie, Thayne; Follette, Katherine B; Mayama, Satoshi; Kusakabe, Nobuhiko; Abe, Lyu; Brandner, Wolfgang; Brandt, Timothy D; Carson, Joseph C; Egner, Sebastian; Feldt, Markus; Goto, Miwa; Guyon, Olivier; Hayano, Yutaka; Hayashi, Masahiko; Hayashi, Saeko S; Henning, Thomas; Hodapp, Klaus W; Ishii, Miki; Iye, Masanori; Janson, Markus; Kandori, Ryo; Knapp, Gillian R; Kuzuhara, Masayuki; Kwon, Jungmi; Matsuo, Taro; McElwain, Michael W; Miyama, Shoken; Morino, Jun-Ichi; Moro-Martin, Amaya; Nishimura, Tetsuo; Pyo, Tae-Soo; Serabyn, Eugene; Suenaga, Takuya; Suto, Hiroshi; Suzuki, Ryuji; Takahashi, Yasuhiro H; Takami, Michihiro; Takato, Naruhisa; Terada, Hiroshi; Thalmann, Christian; Tomono, Daigo; Turner, Edwin L; Watanabe, Makoto; Wisniewski, John; Yamada, Toru; Takami, Hideki; Usuda, Tomonori; Tamura, Motohide

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coronagraphic imagery of the circumstellar disk around HD 169142 in H-band polarized intensity (PI) with Subaru/HiCIAO is presented. The emission scattered by dust particles at the disk surface in 0.2" <= r <= 1.2", or 29 <= r <= 174 AU, is successfully detected. The azimuthally-averaged radial profile of the PI shows a double power-law distribution, in which the PIs in r=29-52 AU and r=81.2-145 AU respectively show r^{-3}-dependence. These two power-law regions are connected smoothly with a transition zone (TZ), exhibiting an apparent gap in r=40-70 AU. The PI in the inner power-law region shows a deep minimum whose location seems to coincide with the point source at \\lambda = 7 mm. This can be regarded as another sign of a protoplanet in TZ. The observed radial profile of the PI is reproduced by a minimally flaring disk with an irregular surface density distribution or with an irregular temperature distribution or with the combination of both. The depletion factor of surface density in the inner...

  6. The curious case of HD41248. A pair of static signals buried behind red-noise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jenkins, James S

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gaining a better understanding of the effects of stellar induced radial velocity noise is critical for the future of exoplanet studies, since the discovery of the lowest-mass planets using this method will require us to go below the intrinsic stellar noise limit. An interesting test case in this respect is that of the southern solar analogue HD41248. The radial velocity time series of this star has been proposed to contain either a pair of signals with periods of around 18 and 25 days, that could be due to a pair of resonant super-Earths, or a single and varying 25 day signal that could arise due to a complex interplay between differential rotation and modulated activity. In this letter we build-up more evidence for the former scenario, showing that the signals are still clearly significant even after more than 10 years of observations and they likely do not change in period, amplitude, or phase as a function of time, the hallmarks of static Doppler signals. We show that over the last two observing seasons th...

  7. The velocity gradient in the pseudo-photosphere of the peculiar supergiant HD101584

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric J. Bakker

    1995-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper preliminary results are presented based on a study of the low and high resolution ultraviolet spectrum of the peculiar supergiant (post-AGB star) HD101584. By a comparison of the low resolution spectrum (1200-3200ang) with standard stars, the star is classified as an A7I, indicating an effective temperature of 8150 K, where literature quotes spectral type F0I. The Doppler shift of the FeII absorption lines in the high resolution spectrum (2500-3000ang) show a relation with the line optical depth. This suggests an expanding accelerating wind, c.q. pseudo-photosphere. The relation is extended by a factor 10^5 in optical depth by using available data from optical HeI and NI lines. The relation suggests that the radial heliocentric velocity of the star is at least 54.5km/s. From the Halpha line a velocity of 96km/s is measured for the terminal velocity of the wind.

  8. The velocity gradient in the pseudo-photosphere of the peculiar supergiant HD101584

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bakker, E J

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper preliminary results are presented based on a study of the low and high resolution ultraviolet spectrum of the peculiar supergiant (post-AGB star) HD101584. By a comparison of the low resolution spectrum (1200-3200ang) with standard stars, the star is classified as an A7I, indicating an effective temperature of 8150 K, where literature quotes spectral type F0I. The Doppler shift of the FeII absorption lines in the high resolution spectrum (2500-3000ang) show a relation with the line optical depth. This suggests an expanding accelerating wind, c.q. pseudo-photosphere. The relation is extended by a factor 10^5 in optical depth by using available data from optical HeI and NI lines. The relation suggests that the radial heliocentric velocity of the star is at least 54.5km/s. From the Halpha line a velocity of 96km/s is measured for the terminal velocity of the wind.

  9. Sun-Like Magnetic Cycles in the Rapidly-Rotating Young Solar Analog HD 30495

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egeland, Ricky; Hall, Jeffrey C; Henry, Gregory W

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A growing body of evidence suggests that multiple dynamo mechanisms can drive magnetic variability on different timescales, not only in the Sun but also in other stars. Many solar activity proxies exhibit a quasi-biennial ($\\sim$2 year) variation, which is superimposed upon the dominant 11 year cycle. A well-characterized stellar sample suggests at least two different relationships between rotation period and cycle period, with some stars exhibiting long and short cycles simultaneously. Within this sample, the solar cycle periods are typical of a more rapidly rotating star, implying that the Sun might be in a transitional state or that it has an unusual evolutionary history. In this work, we present new and archival observations of dual magnetic cycles in the young solar analog HD 30495, an $\\sim$1 Gyr-old G1.5V star with a rotation period near 11 days. This star falls squarely on the relationships established by the broader stellar sample, with short-period variations at $\\sim$1.7 years and a long cycle of $...

  10. Comparative Study of Hybrid Powertrains on Fuel Saving, Emissions, and Component Energy Loss in HD Trucks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Zhiming [ORNL; FINNEY, Charles E A [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; LaClair, Tim J [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We compared parallel and series hybrid powertrains on fuel economy, component energy loss, and emissions control in Class 8 trucks over both city and highway driving. A comprehensive set of component models describing battery energy, engine fuel efficiency, emissions control, and power demand interactions for heavy duty (HD) hybrids has been integrated with parallel and series hybrid Class 8 trucks in order to identify the technical barriers of these hybrid powertrain technologies. The results show that series hybrid is absolutely negative for fuel economy benefit of long-haul trucks due to an efficiency penalty associated with the dual-step conversions of energy (i.e. mechanical to electric to mechanical). The current parallel hybrid technology combined with 50% auxiliary load reduction could elevate 5-7% fuel economy of long-haul trucks, but a profound improvement of long-haul truck fuel economy requires additional innovative technologies for reducing aerodynamic drag and rolling resistance losses. The simulated emissions control indicates that hybrid trucks reduce more CO and HC emissions than conventional trucks. The simulated results further indicate that the catalyzed DPF played an important role in CO oxidations. Limited NH3 emissions could be slipped from the Urea SCR, but the average NH3 emissions are below 20 ppm. Meanwhile our estimations show 1.5-1.9% of equivalent fuel-cost penalty due to urea consumption in the simulated SCR cases.

  11. Origin of the heavy elements in HD 140283. Measurement of europium abundance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mello, C Siqueira; Spite, M; Spite, F

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HD 140283 is a nearby (V=7.7) subgiant metal-poor star, extensively analysed in the literature. Although many spectra have been obtained for this star, none showed a signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio high enough to enable a very accurate derivation of abundances from weak lines. The detection of europium proves that the neutron-capture elements in this star originate in the r-process, and not in the s-process, as recently claimed in the literature. Based on the OSMARCS 1D LTE atmospheric model and with a consistent approach based on the spectrum synthesis code Turbospectrum, we measured the europium lines at 4129 {\\AA} and 4205 {\\AA}, taking into account the hyperfine structure of the transitions. The spectrum, obtained with a long exposure time of seven hours at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT), has a resolving power of 81000 and a S/N ratio of 800 at 4100 {\\AA}. We were able to determine the abundance A(Eu)=-2.35 dex, compatible with the value predicted for the europium from the r-process. The abundance ...

  12. Reflected light from 3D exoplanetary atmospheres and simulation of HD 209458b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben Hood; Kenneth Wood; Sara Seager; Andrew Collier Cameron

    2008-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present radiation transfer models that demonstrate that reflected light levels from three dimensional (3D) exoplanetary atmospheres can be more than 50% lower than those predicted by models of homogeneous or smooth atmospheres. Compared to smooth models, 3D atmospheres enable starlight to penetrate to larger depths resulting in a decreased probability for the photons to scatter back out of the atmosphere before being absorbed. The increased depth of penetration of starlight in a 3D medium is a well known result from theoretical studies of molecular clouds and planetary atmospheres. For the first time we study the reflectivity of 3D atmospheres as a possible explanation for the apparent low geometric albedos inferred for extrasolar planetary atmospheres. Our models indicate that 3D atmospheric structure may be an important contributing factor to the non-detections of scattered light from exoplanetary atmospheres. We investigate the self-shadowing radiation transfer effects of patchy cloud cover in 3D scattered light simulations of the atmosphere of HD209458b. We find that, for a generic planet, geometric albedos can be as high as 0.45 in some limited situations, but that in general the geometric albedo is much lower. We conclude with some explanations on why extrasolar planets are likely dark at optical wavelengths.

  13. KEPLER-21b: A 1.6 R{sub Earth} PLANET TRANSITING THE BRIGHT OSCILLATING F SUBGIANT STAR HD 179070

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howell, Steve B. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Rowe, Jason F.; Bryson, Stephen T. [NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Quinn, Samuel N. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Marcy, Geoffrey W.; Isaacson, Howard [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Ciardi, David R. [NASA Exoplanet Science Institute/Caltech, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Chaplin, William J.; Elsworth, Yvonne [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom); Metcalfe, Travis S. [High Altitude Observatory and Scientific Computing Division, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States); Monteiro, Mario J. P. F. G. [Centro de Astrofisica, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto (Portugal); Appourchaux, Thierry [Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, Universite Paris XI-CNRS (UMR8617), Batiment 121, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Basu, Sarbani [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States); Creevey, Orlagh L. [Departamento de Astrofisica, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38206 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Gilliland, Ronald L. [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Quirion, Pierre-Olivier [Canadian Space Agency, 6767 Boulevard de l'Aeroport, Saint-Hubert, QC, J3Y 8Y9 (Canada); Stello, Denis [Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Kjeldsen, Hans; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Joergen [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Garcia, Rafael A. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM-CNRS-Universite Paris Diderot-IRFU/SAp, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); and others

    2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present Kepler observations of the bright (V = 8.3), oscillating star HD 179070. The observations show transit-like events which reveal that the star is orbited every 2.8 days by a small, 1.6 R{sub Earth} object. Seismic studies of HD 179070 using short cadence Kepler observations show that HD 179070 has a frequency-power spectrum consistent with solar-like oscillations that are acoustic p-modes. Asteroseismic analysis provides robust values for the mass and radius of HD 179070, 1.34 {+-} 0.06 M{sub Sun} and 1.86 {+-} 0.04 R{sub Sun }, respectively, as well as yielding an age of 2.84 {+-} 0.34 Gyr for this F5 subgiant. Together with ground-based follow-up observations, analysis of the Kepler light curves and image data, and blend scenario models, we conservatively show at the >99.7% confidence level (3{sigma}) that the transit event is caused by a 1.64 {+-} 0.04 R{sub Earth} exoplanet in a 2.785755 {+-} 0.000032 day orbit. The exoplanet is only 0.04 AU away from the star and our spectroscopic observations provide an upper limit to its mass of {approx}10 M{sub Earth} (2{sigma}). HD 179070 is the brightest exoplanet host star yet discovered by Kepler.

  14. Discovery of a nearby twin of SN1987A's nebula around the luminous blue variable HD168625: Was Sk--69 202 an LBV?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathan Smith

    2006-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Spitzer images of the luminous blue variable (LBV) candidate HD168625 reveal the existence of a bipolar nebula several times larger than its previously-known equatorial dust torus. The outer nebula of HD168625 has a full extent of about 80 arcsec or 0.85 pc, and one of the lobes has a well-defined polar ring. The nebula is a near twin of the triple-ring system around SN1987A. Because of these polar rings, and accounting for stellar/progenitor luminosity, HD168625 is an even closer twin of SN1987A than the B supergiant Sher 25 in NGC3603. HD168625's nebula was probably ejected during a giant LBV eruption and not during a red supergiant phase, so its similarity to the nebula around SN1987A may open new possibilities for the creation of SN1987A's rings. Namely, the hypothesis that Sk-69 202 suffered an LBV-like eruption would avert the complete surrender of single star models for its bipolar nebula by offering an alternative to an unlikely binary merger scenario. It also hints that LBVs are the likely progenitors of some type II supernovae, and that HD168625's nebula is a good example of a pre-explosion environment.

  15. The climate of HD 189733b from fourteen transits and eclipses measured by Spitzer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agol, E.; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept. /Santa Barbara, KITP /UC, Santa Barbara; Cowan, Nicolas B.; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept.; Knutson, Heather A.; /UC, Berkeley, Astron. Dept.; Deming, Drake; /NASA, Goddard; Steffen, Jason H.; /Fermilab; Henry, Gregory W.; /Tennessee State U.; Charbonneau, David; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present observations of six transits and six eclipses of the transiting planet system HD 189733 taken with the Spitzer Space Telescope IRAC camera at 8 microns, as well as a re-analysis of previously published data. We use several novel techniques in our data analysis, the most important of which is a new correction for the detector 'ramp' variation with a double-exponential function which performs better and is a better physical model for this detector variation. Our main scientific findings are: (1) an upper limit on the variability of the day-side planet flux of 2.7% (68% confidence); (2) the most precise set of transit times measured for a transiting planet, with an average accuracy of 3 seconds; (3) a lack of transit-timing variations, excluding the presence of second planets in this system above 20% of the mass of Mars in low-order mean-motion resonance at 95% confidence; (4) a confirmation of the planet's phase variation, finding the night side is 64% as bright as the day side, as well as an upper limit on the night-side variability of 17% (68% confidence); (5) a better correction for stellar variability at 8 micron causing the phase function to peak 3.5 hours before secondary eclipse, confirming that the advection and radiation timescales are comparable at the 8 micron photosphere; (6) variation in the depth of transit, which possibly implies variations in the surface brightness of the portion of the star occulted by the planet, posing a fundamental limit on non-simultaneous multi-wavelength transit absorption measurements of planet atmospheres; (7) a measurement of the infrared limb-darkening of the star, which is in good agreement with stellar atmosphere models; (8) an offset in the times of secondary eclipse of 69 seconds, which is mostly accounted for by a 31 second light travel time delay and 33 second delay due to the shift of ingress and egress by the planet hot spot; this confirms that the phase variation is due to an offset hot spot on the planet; (9) a retraction of the claimed eccentricity of this system due to the offset of secondary eclipse, which is now just an upper limit; and (10) high precision measurements of the parameters of this system. These results were enabled by the exquisite photometric precision of the Spitzer IRAC camera; for repeat observations the scatter is less than 0.35 mmag over the 590 day time scale of our observations after decorrelating with detector parameters.

  16. The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets XII. A giant planet orbiting the metal-poor star HD171028

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. C. Santos; M. Mayor; F. Bouchy; F. Pepe; D. Queloz; S. Udry

    2007-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we present the detection of a 1.8 M_Jup planet in a 538 day period trajectory orbiting the metal-poor star HD171028 ([Fe/H]=-0.49). This planet is the first to be discovered in the context of a HARPS program searching for planets around metal-poor stars. Interestingly, HD171028 is one of the least metal-poor stars in the sample. This discovery is placed in the context of the models of planet formation and evolution.

  17. The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets V. A 14 Earth-masses planet orbiting HD 4308

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Udry; M. Mayor; W. Benz; J. -L. Bertaux; F. Bouchy; C. Lovis; C. Mordasini; F. Pepe; D. Queloz; J. -P. Sivan

    2005-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We present here the discovery and characterisation of a very light planet around HD4308. The planet orbits its star in 15.56 days. The circular radial-velocity variation presents a tiny semi-amplitude of 4.1 m/s that corresponds to a planetary minimum mass m2sin(i)=14.1 Earth masses. The planet was unveiled by high-precision radial-velocity measurements obtained with the HARPS spectrograph on the ESO 3.6-m telescope. The radial-velocity residuals around the Keplerian solution are 1.3 m/s, demonstrating the very high quality of the HARPS measurements. Activity and bisector indicators exclude any significant perturbations of stellar intrinsic origin, which supports the planetary interpretation. Contrary to most planet-host stars, HD4308 has a marked sub-solar metallicity ([Fe/H]=-0.31), raising the possibility that very light planet occurrence might show a different coupling with the parent star's metallicity than do giant gaseous extra-solar planets. Together with Neptune-mass planets close to their parent stars, the new planet occupies a position in the mass-separation parameter space that is constraining for planet-formation and evolution theories. The question of whether they can be considered as residuals of evaporated gaseous giant planets, ice giants, or super-earth planets is discussed in the context of the latest core-accretion models.

  18. Stellar Parameters for HD 69830, a Nearby Star with Three Neptune Mass Planets and an Asteroid Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanner, Angelle; von Braun, Kaspar; Kane, Stephen; Brewer, John M; Farrington, Chris; van Belle, Gerard T; Beichman, Charles A; Fischer, Debra; Brummelaar, Theo A ten; McAlister, Harold A; Schaefer, Gail

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We used the CHARA Array to directly measure the angular diameter of HD 69830, home to three Neptune mass planets and an asteroid belt. Our measurement of 0.674+/-0.014 milli-arcseconds for the limb-darkened angular diameter of this star leads to a physical radius of R$_*$ = 0.9058$\\pm$0.0190 R\\sun and luminosity of L* = 0.622+/-0.014 Lsun when combined with a fit to the spectral energy distribution of the star. Placing these observed values on an Hertzsprung-Russel (HR) diagram along with stellar evolution isochrones produces an age of 10.6+/-4 Gyr and mass of 0.863$\\pm$0.043 M\\sun. We use archival optical echelle spectra of HD 69830 along with an iterative spectral fitting technique to measure the iron abundance ([Fe/H]=-0.04+/-0.03), effective temperature (5385+/-44 K) and surface gravity (log g = 4.49+/-0.06). We use these new values for the temperature and luminosity to calculate a more precise age of 7.5+/-Gyr. Applying the values of stellar luminosity and radius to recent models on the optimistic locati...

  19. Thorium-rich halo star HD221170: further evidence against the universality of the r-process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Yushchenko; Vera Gopka; Stephane Goriely; Faig Musaev; Angelina Shavrina; Chulhee Kim; Young Woon Kang; Juliana Kuznietsova; Vladimir Yushchenko

    2004-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the abundance determination in the atmosphere of the bright halo star HD221170. The spectra were taken with the Terskol Observatory's 2.0-m telescope with a resolution R=45000 and signal-to-noise ratio up to 250 in the wavelength region 3638-10275 \\AA. The adopted atmospheric parameters correspond to an effective temperature \\Tef=4475 K, a surface gravity \\lgg=1.0, a microturbulent velocity \\vmi=1.7 \\kms, and a macroturbulent velocity \\vma=4 \\kms. The abundances of 43 chemical elements were determined with the method of spectrum synthesis. The large overabundances (by 1 dex relative to iron) of elements with Z$>38$ are shown to follow the same pattern as the solar r-abundances. The present HD221170 analysis confirms the non-universality of the r-process, or more exactly the observation that the astrophysical sites hosting the r-process do not always lead to a unique relative abundance distribution for the bulk Ba to Hg elements, the Pb-peak elements, and the actinides.

  20. Detection of a magnetic field on HD108: clues to extreme magnetic braking and the Of?p phenomenon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martins, F; Marcolino, W L F; Bouret, J -C; Wade, G A; Escolano, C; Howarth, I D

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the detection of a magnetic field on the Of?p star HD108. Spectropolarimetric observations conducted in 2007, 2008 and 2009 respectively with NARVAL@TBL and ESPaDOnS@CFHT reveal a clear Zeeman signature in the average Stokes V profile, stable on timescales of days to months and slowly increasing in amplitude on timescales of years. We speculate that this timescale is the same as that on which Ha emission is varying and is equal to the rotation period of the star. The corresponding longitudinal magnetic field, measured during each of the three seasons, increases slowly from 100 to 150G, implying that the polar strength of the putatively-dipolar large-scale magnetic field of HD108 is at least 0.5kG and most likely of the order of 1-2 kG. The stellar and wind properties are derived through a quantitative spectroscopic analysis with the code CMFGEN. The effective temperature is difficult to constrain because of the unusually strong HeI4471 and HeI5876 lines. Values in the range 33000-37000 K are preferr...

  1. THE CALIFORNIA PLANET SURVEY. III. A POSSIBLE 2:1 RESONANCE IN THE EXOPLANETARY TRIPLE SYSTEM HD 37124

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, J. T. [Department of Astronomy, 525 Davey Lab, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Veras, Dimitri; Ford, Eric B. [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, P.O. Box 112055, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States); Johnson, John Asher [Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, MC 249-17, Pasadena, CA (United States); Marcy, G. W.; Howard, A. W.; Isaacson, H. [Department of Astronomy, 601 Campbell Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Fischer, D. A.; Spronck, J. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Anderson, J.; Valenti, J. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present new radial velocities from Keck Observatory and both Newtonian and Keplerian solutions for the triple-planet system orbiting HD 37124. The orbital solution for this system has improved dramatically since the third planet was first reported in Vogt et al. with an ambiguous orbital period. The period ambiguity is resolved, and the outer two planets have an apparent period commensurability of 2:1. A dynamical analysis finds both resonant and non-resonant configurations consistent with the radial velocity data and constrains the mutual inclinations of the planets to be <{approx}30{sup 0}. We discuss HD 37124 in the context of the other 19 exoplanetary systems with apparent period commensurabilities, which we summarize in a table. We show that roughly one in three well-characterized multiplanet systems has a apparent low-order period commensurability, which is more than would naively be expected if the periods of exoplanets in known multiplanet systems were drawn randomly from the observed distribution of planetary orbital periods.

  2. The circumstellar shell of the post-AGB star HD 56126: the $^{12}$CN/$^{13}$CN isotope ratio and fractionation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric J. Bakker; David L. Lambert

    1997-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have detected circumstellar absorption lines of the $^{12}$CN and $^{13}$CN Violet and Red System in the spectrum of the post-AGB star HD~56126. From a synthetic spectrum analysis, we derive a Doppler broadening parameter of $b=0.51\\pm0.04$ km~s$^{-1}$, $^{12}$CN/$^{13}$CN$=38\\pm2$, and a lower limit of $2000$ on $^{12}$CN/$^{14}$CN and $^{12}$C$^{14}$N/$^{12}$C$^{15}$N. A simple chemical model has been computed of the circumstellar shell surrounding HD~56126 that takes into account the gas-phase ion-molecule reaction between CN and C$^{+}$. From this we infer that this reaction leads to isotopic fractionation of CN. Taking into account the isotopic exchange reaction and the observed $^{12}$CN/$^{13}$CN we find $^{12}$C/$^{13}$C$\\sim 67$ (for $T_{\\rm kin}=25$ K). Our analysis suggests that $^{12}$CN has a somewhat higher rotational temperature than $^{13}$CN: $T_{\\rm rot}=11.5\\pm0.6$ and $8.0\\pm0.6$ K respectively. We identify possible causes for this difference in excitation temperature, among which the $N''$ dependence of the isotopic exchange reaction.

  3. RADIO SEARCH FOR H{sub 2}CCC TOWARD HD 183143 AS A CANDIDATE FOR A DIFFUSE INTERSTELLAR BAND CARRIER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Araki, Mitsunori; Yamabe, Hiromichi; Tsukiyama, Koichi [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science Division I, Tokyo University of Science, 1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku 162-8601, Tokyo (Japan); Takano, Shuro [Nobeyama Radio Observatory and Department of Astronomical Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (Sokendai), 462-2 Nobeyama, Minamimaki, Minamisaku, Nagano 384-1305 (Japan); Kuze, Nobuhiko, E-mail: araki@rs.kagu.tus.ac.jp [Department of Materials and Life Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Sophia University, 7-1 Kioi-cho, Chiyoda-ku 102-8554, Tokyo (Japan)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To clarify the authenticity of a recently proposed identification of H{sub 2}CCC (linear-C{sub 3}H{sub 2}) as a diffuse interstellar band (DIB) carrier, we searched for the rotational transition of H{sub 2}CCC at a frequency of 103 GHz toward HD 183143 using the 45 m telescope at the Nobeyama Radio Observatory. Although rms noise levels of 32 mK in the antenna temperature were achieved, detection of H{sub 2}CCC was unsuccessful, producing a 3{sigma} upper limit corresponding to a column density of 2.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 13} cm{sup -2}. The upper limit indicates that the contribution of H{sub 2}CCC to the DIB at 5450 Angstrom-Sign is less than 1/25; thus, it is unlikely that the laboratory bands of the B{sup 1} B{sub 1}-X{sup 1} A{sub 1} transition of H{sub 2}CCC and the DIBs at 5450 Angstrom-Sign (and also 4881 Angstrom-Sign ) toward HD 183143 are related.

  4. A LIKELY CLOSE-IN LOW-MASS STELLAR COMPANION TO THE TRANSITIONAL DISK STAR HD 142527

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biller, Beth; Benisty, Myriam; Chauvin, Gael; Olofsson, Johan; Pott, Joerg-Uwe; Mueller, Andre; Bonnefoy, Mickaeel; Henning, Thomas [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astronomie, Koenigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Lacour, Sylvestre; Thebault, Philippe [LESIA, CNRS/UMR-8109, Observatoire de Paris, UPMC, Universite Paris Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon (France); Juhasz, Attila [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Sicilia-Aguilar, Aurora [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, 28049 Cantoblanco, Madrid (Spain); Tuthill, Peter [School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Crida, Aurelien, E-mail: biller@mpia.de [Universite de Nice - Sophia antipolis/C.N.R.S./Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, Laboratoire Lagrange (UMR 7293), Boulevard de l'Observatoire, B.P. 4229 06304 NICE cedex 04 (France)

    2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    With the uniquely high contrast within 0.''1 ({Delta}mag(L') = 5-6.5 mag) available using Sparse Aperture Masking with NACO at Very Large Telescope, we detected asymmetry in the flux from the Herbig Fe star HD 142527 with a barycenter emission situated at a projected separation of 88 {+-} 5 mas (12.8 {+-} 1.5 AU at 145 pc) and flux ratios in H, K, and L' of 0.016 {+-} 0.007, 0.012 {+-} 0.008, and 0.0086 {+-} 0.0011, respectively (3{sigma} errors), relative to the primary star and disk. After extensive closure-phase modeling, we interpret this detection as a close-in, low-mass stellar companion with an estimated mass of {approx}0.1-0.4 M{sub Sun }. HD 142527 has a complex disk structure, with an inner gap imaged in both the near and mid-IR as well as a spiral feature in the outer disk in the near-IR. This newly detected low-mass stellar companion may provide a critical explanation of the observed disk structure.

  5. A radio-map of the colliding winds in the very massive binary system HD 93129A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benaglia, Paula; Moldon, Javier; Nelan, Ed; De Becker, Michael; Dougherty, Sean M; Koribalski, Baerbel

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radio observations are an effective tool to discover particle acceleration regions in colliding-wind binaries, through detection of synchrotron radiation; these regions are natural laboratories for the study of relativistic particles. Wind-collision region (WCR) models can reproduce the radio continuum spectra of massive binaries that contain both thermal and non-thermal radio emission; however, key constraints for models come from high-resolution imaging. Only five WCRs have been resolved to date at radio frequencies at milliarcsec (mas) angular scales. The source HD 93129A, prototype of the very few known O2 I stars, is a promising target for study: recently, a second massive, early-type star about 50 mas away was discovered, and a non-thermal radio source detected in the region. Preliminary long-baseline array data suggest that a significant fraction of the radio emission from the system comes from a putative WCR. We sought evidence that HD 93129A is a massive binary system with colliding stellar winds tha...

  6. Natural Gas as a Future Fuel for Heavy-Duty Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wai-Lin Litzke; James Wegrzyn

    2001-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    In addition to their significant environmental impacts, medium-duty and heavy-duty (HD) vehicles are high volume fuel users. Development of such vehicles, which include transit buses, refuse trucks, and HD Class 6-8 trucks, that are fueled with natural gas is strategic to market introduction of natural gas vehicles (NGV). Over the past five years the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OHVT) has funded technological developments in NGV systems to support the growth of this sector in the highly competitive transportation market. The goals are to minimize emissions associated with NGV use, to improve on the economies of scale, and to continue supporting the testing and safety assessments of all new systems. This paper provides an overview of the status of major projects under a program supported by DOE/OHVT and managed by Brookhaven National Laboratory. The discussion focuses on the program's technical strategy in meeting specific goals proposed by the N GV industry and the government. Relevant projects include the development of low-cost fuel storage, fueling infrastructure, and HD vehicle applications.

  7. A Search for H-alpha Absorption in the Exosphere of the Transiting Extrasolar Planet HD 209458b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshua N. Winn; Yasushi Suto; Edwin L. Turner; Norio Narita; Brenda L. Frye; Wako Aoki; Bunei Sato; Toru Yamada

    2004-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    There is evidence that the transiting planet HD 209458b has a large exosphere of neutral hydrogen, based on a 15% decrement in Lyman-alpha flux that was observed by Vidal-Madjar et al. during transits. Here we report upper limits on H-alpha absorption by the exosphere. The results are based on optical spectra of the parent star obtained with the Subaru High Dispersion Spectrograph. Comparison of the spectra taken inside and outside of transit reveals no exospheric H-alpha signal greater than 0.1% within a 5.1A band (chosen to have the same Delta_lambda/lambda as the 15% Ly-alpha absorption). The corresponding limit on the column density of n=2 neutral hydrogen is N_2 <~ 10^9 cm^{-2}. This limit constrains proposed models involving a hot (~10^4 K) and hydrodynamically escaping exosphere.

  8. Suzaku Detection of an Intense X-Ray Flare from an A-type Star HD161084

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Junichiro Miura; Masahiro Tsujimoto; Yohko Tsuboi; Yoshitomo Maeda; Yasuharu Sugawara; Katsuji Koyama; Shigeo Yamauchi

    2007-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a serendipitous detection of an intense X-ray flare from the Tycho reference source HD 161084 during a Suzaku observation of the Galactic Center region for 20 ks. The X-ray Imaging Spectrometer (XIS) recorded a flare from this A1-type dwarf or subgiant star with a flux of 1.4x10^{-12} erg s^{-1} cm^{-2} (0.5--10 keV) and a decay time scale of 0.5 hr. The spectrum is hard with a prominent Fe XXV K alpha emission line at 6.7 keV, which is explained by a 5 keV thin-thermal plasma model attenuated by a 1.4x10^{21} cm^{-2} extinction. The low extinction, which is consistent with the optical reddening, indicates that the source is a foreground star toward the Galactic Center region. Based on the spectroscopic parallax distance of 530 pc, the peak X-ray luminosity amounts to 1x10^{32} erg s^{-1} (0.5--10 keV). This is much larger than the X-ray luminosity of ordinary late-type main-sequence stars, and the X-ray emission is unattributable to a hidden late-type companion that comprises a wide binary system with the A-star. We discuss possible natures of HD 161084 and suggest that it is most likely an interacting binary with elevated magnetic activity in the companion such as the Algol-type system. The flux detected by Suzaku during the burst is 100 times larger than the quiescent level measured using the archived XMM-Newton and Chandra data. The large flux amplification makes this star a unique example among sources of this class.

  9. DISCOVERY OF SMALL-SCALE SPIRAL STRUCTURES IN THE DISK OF SAO 206462 (HD 135344B): IMPLICATIONS FOR THE PHYSICAL STATE OF THE DISK FROM SPIRAL DENSITY WAVE THEORY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muto, T.; Takeuchi, T. [Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan); Grady, C. A. [Eureka Scientific, 2452 Delmer, Suite 100, Oakland CA 96002 (United States); Hashimoto, J. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Fukagawa, M. [Department of Earth and Space Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, 1-1, Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan); Hornbeck, J. B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292 (United States); Sitko, M. [Space Science Institute, 4750 Walnut St., Suite 205, Boulder, CO 80301 (United States); Russell, R. [The Aerospace Corporation, Los Angeles, CA 90009 (United States); Werren, C. [Department of Physics, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0011 (United States); Cure, M. [Departamento de Fisica y Astronomia, Universidad de Valparaiso, Avda. Gran Bretana 1111, Casilla 5030, Valparaiso (Chile); Currie, T. [ExoPlanets and Stellar Astrophysics Laboratory, Code 667, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Ohashi, N. [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Okamoto, Y.; Momose, M. [College of Science, Ibaraki University, 2-1-1 Bunkyo, Mito, Ibaraki 310-8512 (Japan); Honda, M. [Department of Information Science, Kanagawa University, 2946 Tsuchiya, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1293 (Japan); Inutsuka, S. [Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 464-8602 (Japan); Dong, R.; Brandt, T. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, NJ08544 (United States); Abe, L. [Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR7293, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, 06300 Nice (France); Brandner, W., E-mail: muto@geo.titech.ac.jp [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg (Germany); and others

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present high-resolution, H-band imaging observations, collected with Subaru/HiCIAO, of the scattered light from the transitional disk around SAO 206462 (HD 135344B). Although previous sub-mm imagery suggested the existence of a dust-depleted cavity at r {<=} 46 AU, our observations reveal the presence of scattered light components as close as 0.''2 ({approx} 28 AU) from the star. Moreover, we have discovered two small-scale spiral structures lying within 0.''5 ({approx} 70 AU). We present models for the spiral structures using the spiral density wave theory, and derive a disk aspect ratio of h {approx} 0.1, which is consistent with previous sub-mm observations. This model can potentially give estimates of the temperature and rotation profiles of the disk based on dynamical processes, independently from sub-mm observations. It also predicts the evolution of the spiral structures, which can be observable on timescales of 10-20 years, providing conclusive tests of the model. While we cannot uniquely identify the origin of these spirals, planets embedded in the disk may be capable of exciting the observed morphology. Assuming that this is the case, we can make predictions on the locations and, possibly, the masses of the unseen planets. Such planets may be detected by future multi-wavelength observations.

  10. THE DEEP BLUE COLOR OF HD 189733b: ALBEDO MEASUREMENTS WITH HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE/SPACE TELESCOPE IMAGING SPECTROGRAPH AT VISIBLE WAVELENGTHS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Thomas M.; Aigrain, Suzanne; Barstow, Joanna K. [Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Pont, Frederic; Sing, David K. [School of Physics, University of Exeter, EX4 4QL Exeter (United Kingdom); Desert, Jean-Michel; Knutson, Heather A. [Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Gibson, Neale [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Heng, Kevin [University of Bern, Center for Space and Habitability, Sidlerstrasse 5, CH-3012 Bern (Switzerland); Lecavelier des Etangs, Alain, E-mail: tom.evans@astro.ox.ac.uk [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR7095 CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 98 bis Boulevard Arago, F-75014 Paris (France)

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a secondary eclipse observation for the hot Jupiter HD 189733b across the wavelength range 290-570 nm made using the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph on the Hubble Space Telescope. We measure geometric albedos of A{sub g} = 0.40 {+-} 0.12 across 290-450 nm and A{sub g} < 0.12 across 450-570 nm at 1{sigma} confidence. The albedo decrease toward longer wavelengths is also apparent when using six wavelength bins over the same wavelength range. This can be interpreted as evidence for optically thick reflective clouds on the dayside hemisphere with sodium absorption suppressing the scattered light signal beyond {approx}450 nm. Our best-fit albedo values imply that HD 189733b would appear a deep blue color at visible wavelengths.

  11. RETIRED A STARS AND THEIR COMPANIONS. VI. A PAIR OF INTERACTING EXOPLANET PAIRS AROUND THE SUBGIANTS 24 SEXTANIS AND HD 200964

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, John Asher [California Institute of Technology, Department of Astrophysics, MC 249-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Payne, Matthew; Ford, Eric B. [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, P.O. Box 112055, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States); Howard, Andrew W.; Marcy, Geoffrey W. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Mail Code 3411, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Clubb, Kelsey I. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132 (United States); Bowler, Brendan P. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Henry, Gregory W. [Center of Excellence in Information Systems, Tennessee State University, 3500 John A. Merritt Boulevard, Box 9501, Nashville, TN 37209 (United States); Fischer, Debra A.; Brewer, John M.; Schwab, Christian [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Reffert, Sabine [ZAH-Landessternwarte, Koenigstuhl 12, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Lowe, Thomas B., E-mail: johnjohn@astro.caltech.edu [UCO/Lick Observatory, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

    2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report radial velocity (RV) measurements of the G-type subgiants 24 Sextanis (= HD 90043) and HD 200964. Both are massive, evolved stars that exhibit periodic variations due to the presence of a pair of Jovian planets. Photometric monitoring with the T12 0.80 m APT at Fairborn Observatory demonstrates both stars to be constant in brightness to {<=}0.002 mag, thus strengthening the planetary interpretation of the RV variations. Based on our dynamical analysis of the RV time series, 24 Sex b, c have orbital periods of 452.8 days and 883.0 days, corresponding to semimajor axes 1.333 AU and 2.08 AU, and minimum masses 1.99 M{sub Jup} and 0.86 M{sub Jup}, assuming a stellar mass M{sub *}= 1.54 M{sub sun}. HD 200964 b, c have orbital periods of 613.8 days and 825.0 days, corresponding to semimajor axes 1.601 AU and 1.95 AU, and minimum masses 1.99 M{sub Jup} and 0.90 M{sub Jup}, assuming M{sub *}= 1.44 M{sub sun}. We also carry out dynamical simulations to properly account for gravitational interactions between the planets. Most, if not all, of the dynamically stable solutions include crossing orbits, suggesting that each system is locked in a mean-motion resonance that prevents close encounters and provides long-term stability. The planets in the 24 Sex system likely have a period ratio near 2:1, while the HD 200964 system is even more tightly packed with a period ratio close to 4:3. However, we caution that further RV observations and more detailed dynamical modeling will be required to provide definitive and unique orbital solutions for both cases, and to determine whether the two systems are truly resonant.

  12. Structural Insight into the Mechanism of Substrate Specificity and Catalytic Activity of an HD-Domain Phosphohydrolase: The 5;#8242;-Deoxyribonucleotidase YfbR from Escherichia coli

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zimmerman, Matthew D.; Proudfoot, Michael; Yakunin, Alexander; Minor, Wladek (Toronto); (UV)

    2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    HD-domain phosphohydrolases have nucleotidase and phosphodiesterase activities and play important roles in the metabolism of nucleotides and in signaling. We present three 2.1-{angstrom}-resolution crystal structures (one in the free state and two complexed with natural substrates) of an HD-domain phosphohydrolase, the Escherichia coli 5'-nucleotidase YfbR. The free-state structure of YfbR contains a large cavity accommodating the metal-coordinating HD motif (H33, H68, D69, and D137) and other conserved residues (R18, E72, and D77). Alanine scanning mutagenesis confirms that these residues are important for activity. Two structures of the catalytically inactive mutant E72A complexed with Co{sup 2+} and either thymidine-5'-monophosphate or 2'-deoxyriboadenosine-5'-monophosphate disclose the novel binding mode of deoxyribonucleotides in the active site. Residue R18 stabilizes the phosphate on the Co{sup 2+}, and residue D77 forms a strong hydrogen bond critical for binding the ribose. The indole side chain of W19 is located close to the 2'-carbon atom of the deoxyribose moiety and is proposed to act as the selectivity switch for deoxyribonucleotide, which is supported by comparison to YfdR, another 5'-nucleotidase in E. coli. The nucleotide bases of both deoxyriboadenosine-5'-monophosphate and thymidine-5'-monophosphate make no specific hydrogen bonds with the protein, explaining the lack of nucleotide base selectivity. The YfbR E72A substrate complex structures also suggest a plausible single-step nucleophilic substitution mechanism. This is the first proposed molecular mechanism for an HD-domain phosphohydrolase based directly on substrate-bound crystal structures.

  13. Boosting Deuteron Polarization in HD Targets: Experience of moving spins between H and D with RF methods during the E06-101 experiment at Jefferson Lab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wei, Xiangdong; Bass, Christopher; D'Angelo, Annalisa; Deur, Alexandre; Dezern, Gary; Kageya, Tsuneo; Laine, Vivien; Lowry, Michael; Sandorfi, Andrew; Teachey, Robert; Wang, Haipeng; Whisnant, Charles

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solid HDice targets are polarized by bringing the HD crystal to thermal equilibrium at low temperature and high magnetic field, typically 10-20 mK and 15 Tesla, at Jefferson Lab. In this regime, due to its smaller magnetic moment, the resulting polarization for D is always at least three times smaller than for H. The controlled amount of polarizing catalysts, o-H2 and p-D2, used in the process of reaching a frozen-spin state, further limit the maximum achievable D polarization. Nonetheless, H and D polarizations can be transferred from one to the other by connecting the H and D sub-states of the HD system with RF. In a large target, the RF power needed for such transitions is effectively limited by non-uniformities in the RF field. High efficiency transfers can require substantial RF power levels, and a tuned-RF circuit is needed to prevent large temperature excursions of the holding cryostat. In this paper, we compare the advantages and limitations of two different RF transfer methods to increase D polarization, Forbidden Adiabatic and Saturated Forbidden RF Transitions. The experience with the HD targets used during the recently completed E06-101 experiment in Hall-B of Jefferson Lab is discussed.

  14. MID-INFRARED IMAGING OF THE TRANSITIONAL DISK OF HD 169142: MEASURING THE SIZE OF THE GAP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Honda, M. [Department of Mathematics and Physics, Faculty of Science, Kanagawa University, 2946 Tsuchiya, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1293 (Japan); Maaskant, Koen; Waters, L. B. F. M.; Dominik, C.; Mulders, G. D. [Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 94249, 1090 GE Amsterdam (Netherlands); Okamoto, Y. K. [Institute of Astrophysics and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University, 2-1-1 Bunkyo, Mito, Ibaraki 310-8512 (Japan); Kataza, H. [Department of Infrared Astrophysics, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510 (Japan); Fukagawa, M. [Department of Earth and Space Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, 1-1 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan); Tielens, A. G. G. M. [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Min, M. [Astronomical Institute Utrecht, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80000, 3508 TA Utrecht (Netherlands); Yamashita, T. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Fujiyoshi, T.; Fujiwara, H. [Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 650 North A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Miyata, T.; Sako, S. [Institute of Astronomy, School of Science, University of Tokyo, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0015 (Japan); Sakon, I.; Onaka, T. [Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)

    2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The disk around the Herbig Ae star HD 169142 was imaged and resolved at 18.8 and 24.5 {mu}m using Subaru/COMICS. We interpret the observations using a two-dimensional radiative transfer model and find evidence for the presence of a large gap. The mid-infrared images trace dust that is emitted at the onset of a strong rise in the spectral energy distribution (SED) at 20 {mu}m, and are therefore very sensitive to the location and characteristics of the inner wall of the outer disk and its dust. We determine the location of the wall to be 23{sup +3}{sub -5} AU from the star. An extra component of hot dust must exist close to the star. We find that a hydrostatic optically thick inner disk does not produce enough flux in the near-infrared, and an optically thin, geometrically thick component is our solution to fit the SED. Considering the recent findings of gaps and holes in a number of Herbig Ae/Be group I disks, we suggest that such disk structures may be common in group I sources. Classification as group I should be considered a strong case for classification as a transitional disk, though improved imaging surveys are needed to support this speculation.

  15. ALMA view of the circumstellar environment of the post-common-envelope-evolution binary system HD101584

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olofsson, H; Maercker, M; Humphreys, E M L; Lindqvist, M; Nyman, L; Ramstedt, S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the circumstellar evolution of the binary HD101584, consisting of a post-AGB star and a low-mass companion, which is most likely a post-common-envelope-evolution system. We used ALMA observations of the 12CO, 13CO, and C18O J=2-1 lines and the 1.3mm continuum to determine the morphology, kinematics, masses, and energetics of the circumstellar environment. The circumstellar medium has a bipolar hour-glass structure, seen almost pole-on, formed by an energetic jet, about 150 km/s. We conjecture that the circumstellar morphology is related to an event that took place about 500 year ago, possibly a capture event where the companion spiraled in towards the AGB star. However, the kinetic energy of the accelerated gas exceeds the released orbital energy, and, taking into account the expected energy transfer efficiency of the process, the observed phenomenon does not match current common-envelope scenarios. This suggests that another process must augment, or even dominate, the ejection process. A significant...

  16. Assembly and Test of HD2, a 36 mm bore high field Nb3Sn Dipole Magnet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferracin, P.; Bingham, B.; Caspi, S.; Cheng, D. W,.; Dietderich, D. R.; Felice, H.; Godeke, A.; Hafalia, A. R.; Hannaford, C. R.; Joseph, J.; Lietzke, A. F.; Lizarazo, J.; Sabbi, G.; Trillaud, F.; Wang, X.

    2008-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the fabrication, assembly, and test of the Nb{sub 3}Sn dipole magnet HD2. The magnet, aimed at demonstrating the application of Nb{sub 3}Sn superconductor in high field accelerator-type dipoles, features a 36 mm clear bore surrounded by block-type coils with tilted ends. The coil design is optimized to minimize geometric harmonics in the aperture and the magnetic peak field on the conductor in the coil ends. The target bore field of 15 T at 4.3 K is consistent with critical current measurements of extracted strands. The coils are horizontally pre-stressed during assembly using an external aluminum shell pre-tensioned with water-pressurized bladders. Axial pre-loading of the coil ends is accomplished through two end plates and four aluminum tension rods. The strain in coil, shell, and rods is monitored with strain gauges during assembly, cool-down and magnet excitation, and compared with 3D finite element computations. Magnet's training performance, quench locations, and ramp-rate dependence are then analyzed and discussed.

  17. Dynamical masses, absolute radii and 3D orbits of the triply eclipsing star HD 181068 from Kepler photometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borkovits, Tamás; Kiss, László L; Király, Amanda; Forgács-Dajka, Emese; Bíró, Imre Barna; Bedding, Timothy R; Bryson, Stephen T; Huber, Daniel; Szabó, Róbert

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HD 181068 is the brighter of the two known triply eclipsing hierarchical triple stars in the Kepler field. It has been continuously observed for more than 2 years with the Kepler space telescope. Of the nine quarters of the data, three have been obtained in short-cadence mode, that is one point per 58.9 s. Here we analyse this unique dataset to determine absolute physical parameters (most importantly the masses and radii) and full orbital configuration using a sophisticated novel approach. We measure eclipse timing variations (ETVs), which are then combined with the single-lined radial velocity measurements to yield masses in a manner equivalent to double-lined spectroscopic binaries. We have also developed a new light curve synthesis code that is used to model the triple, mutual eclipses and the effects of the changing tidal field on the stellar surface and the relativistic Doppler-beaming. By combining the stellar masses from the ETV study with the simultaneous light curve analysis we determine the absolute...

  18. Pressure modulated injection and its effect on combustion and emissions of a HD diesel engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erlach, H.; Chmela, F.; Cartellieri, W.; Herzog, P.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper describes the concept selection, design and performance of a fuel injection equipment (FIE) which provides high flexibility in shaping the injection rate. With this injection system standard and boot shaped injection rates as well as pilot injections and post injections can be achieved throughout the hole speed and load range. Special emphasis was drawn to realize boot rate shaping by pressure modulation rather than by throttling the fuel flow (i.e.: the system is operated with fully opened needle during the whole injection period and no throttling device limits the fuel flow in front of the nozzle to reduce the injection rate). Initial engine tests on a single cylinder research engine with 2 liter displacement were carried out at one operating point (1,000 rpm, 200 mm{sup 3}/str = 75% of full load fueling). Boot and pilot (split) injection rate shaping strategies are compared to a standard injection without rate shaping. At constant smoke and BSFC the boot injection shows a considerable improvement potential in NOx emissions of up to {minus}14%, or NOx and BSFC can be reduced simultaneously by {minus}9% and {minus}7%, respectively. The results with pilot injection are less promising than the results with boot injection. Furthermore, they are sensitive to pilot timing and to injection pressure as well as fueling during pilot injection.

  19. X-RAY EMISSION FROM THE DOUBLE-BINARY OB-STAR SYSTEM QZ CAR (HD 93206)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parkin, E. R.; Naze, Y.; Rauw, G. [Institut d'Astrophysique et de Geophysique, Universite de Liege, 17, Allee du 6 Aout, B5c, B-4000 Sart Tilman (Belgium); Broos, P. S.; Townsley, L. K. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Pittard, J. M. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Moffat, A. F. J. [Departement de Physique, Universite de Montreal, C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-Ville, Montreal, QC H3C 3J7 (Canada); Oskinova, L. M. [Institute for Physics and Astronomy, University of Potsdam, 14476 Potsdam (Germany); Waldron, W. L., E-mail: parkin@mso.anu.edu.au [Eureka Scientific Inc., 2452 Delmer Street, Oakland, CA 94602 (United States)

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    X-ray observations of the double-binary OB-star system QZ Car (HD 93206) obtained with the Chandra X-ray Observatory over a period of roughly 2 years are presented. The respective orbits of systems A (O9.7 I+b2 v, P{sub A} = 21 days) and B (O8 III+o9 v, P{sub B} = 6 days) are reasonably well sampled by the observations, allowing the origin of the X-ray emission to be examined in detail. The X-ray spectra can be well fitted by an attenuated three-temperature thermal plasma model, characterized by cool, moderate, and hot plasma components at kT {approx_equal} 0.2, 0.7, and 2 keV, respectively, and a circumstellar absorption of {approx_equal}0.2 x 10{sup 22} cm{sup -2}. Although the hot plasma component could be indicating the presence of wind-wind collision shocks in the system, the model fluxes calculated from spectral fits, with an average value of {approx_equal}7 x 10{sup -13} erg s{sup -1} cm{sup -2}, do not show a clear correlation with the orbits of the two constituent binaries. A semi-analytical model of QZ Car reveals that a stable momentum balance may not be established in either system A or B. Yet, despite this, system B is expected to produce an observed X-ray flux well in excess of the observations. If one considers the wind of the O8 III star to be disrupted by mass transfer, the model and observations are in far better agreement, which lends support to the previous suggestion of mass transfer in the O8 III + o9 v binary. We conclude that the X-ray emission from QZ Car can be reasonably well accounted for by a combination of contributions mainly from the single stars and the mutual wind-wind collision between systems A and B.

  20. Variability of Disk Emission in Pre-Main Sequence and Related Stars. III. Exploring Structural Changes in the Pre-transitional Disk in HD 169142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Kevin R; Grady, Carol A; Whitney, Barbara A; Swearingen, Jeremy R; Champney, Elizabeth H; Johnson, Alexa N; Werren, Chelsea; Russell, Ray W; Schneider, Glenn H; Momose, Munetake; Muto, Takayuki; Inoue, Akio K; Lauroesch, James T; Brown, Alexander; Fukagawa, Misato; Currie, Thayne M; Hornbeck, Jeremy; Wisniewski, John P; Woodgate, Bruce E

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present near-IR and far-UV observations of the pre-transitional (gapped) disk in HD 169142 using NASA's Infrared Telescope Facility and Hubble Space Telescope. The combination of our data along with existing data sets into the broadband spectral energy distribution reveals variability of up to 45% between ~1.5-10 {\\mu}m over a maximum timescale of 10 years. All observations known to us separate into two distinct states corresponding to a high near-IR state in the pre-2000 epoch and a low state in the post-2000 epoch, indicating activity within the <1 AU region of the disk. Through analysis of the Pa {\\beta} and Br {\\gamma} lines in our data we derive a mass accretion rate in May 2013 of (1.5 - 2.7) x 10^-9 Msun/yr. We present a theoretical modeling analysis of the disk in HD 169142 using Monte-Carlo radiative transfer simulation software to explore the conditions and perhaps signs of planetary formation in our collection of 24 years of observations. We find that shifting the outer edge (r = 0.3 AU) of t...

  1. Know The Star, Know the Planet. IV. A Stellar Companion to the Host star of the Eccentric Exoplanet HD 8673b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts,, Lewis C; Neyman, Christopher R; Wu, Yanqin; Riddle, Reed L; Shelton, J Christopher; Angione, John; Baranec, Christoph; Bouchez, Antonin; Bui, Khanh; Burruss, Rick; Burse, Mahesh; Chordia, Pravin; Croner, Ernest; Das, Hillol; Dekany, Richard G; Guiwits, Stephen; Hale, David; Henning, John; Law, Shrinivas Kulkarni Nicholas; McKenna, Dan; Milburn, Jennifer; Palmer, Dean; Punnadi, Sujit; Ramaprakash, A N; Roberts, Jennifer E; Tendulkar, Shriharsh P; Trinh, Thang; Troy, Mitchell; Truong, Tuan; Zolkower, Jeff

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HD 8673 hosts a massive exoplanet in a highly eccentric orbit (e=0.723). Based on two epochs of speckle interferometry a previous publication identi?ed a candidate stellar companion. We observed HD 8673 multiple times with the 10 m Keck II telescope, the 5 m Hale telescope, the 3.63 m AEOS telescope and the 1.5m Palomar telescope in a variety of ?lters with the aim of con?rming and characterizing the stellar companion. We did not detect the candidate companion, which we now conclude was a false detection, but we did detect a fainter companion. We collected astrometry and photometry of the companion on six epochs in a variety of ?lters. The measured di?erential photometry enabled us to determine that the companion is an early M dwarf with a mass estimate of 0.33-0.45 M?. The companion has a projected separation of 10 AU, which is one of the smallest projected separations of an exoplanet host binary system. Based on the limited astrometry collected, we are able to constrain the orbit of the stellar companion to...

  2. IMPROVED V I log(gf) VALUES AND ABUNDANCE DETERMINATIONS IN THE PHOTOSPHERES OF THE SUN AND METAL-POOR STAR HD 84937

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawler, J. E.; Wood, M. P.; Den Hartog, E. A.; Feigenson, T. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Sneden, C. [Department of Astronomy and McDonald Observatory, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Cowan, J. J., E-mail: jelawler@wisc.edu, E-mail: mpwood@wisc.edu, E-mail: eadenhar@wisc.edu, E-mail: tfeigenson@wisc.edu, E-mail: chris@verdi.as.utexas.edu, E-mail: cowan@nhn.ou.edu [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 (United States)

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New emission branching fraction measurements for 836 lines of the first spectrum of vanadium (V I) are determined from hollow cathode lamp spectra recorded with the National Solar Observatory 1 m Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) and a high-resolution echelle spectrometer. The branching fractions are combined with recently published radiative lifetimes from laser-induced fluorescence measurements to determine accurate absolute atomic transition probabilities for the 836 lines. The FTS data are also used to extract new hyperfine structure A coefficients for 26 levels of neutral vanadium. These new laboratory data are applied to determine the V abundance in the Sun and metal-poor star HD 84937, yielding log ?(V) = 3.956 ± 0.004 (? = 0.037) based on 93 V I lines and log ?(V) = 1.89 ± 0.03 (? = 0.07) based on nine V I lines, respectively, using the Holweger-Müller 1D model. These new V I abundance values for the Sun and HD 84937 agree well with our earlier determinations based upon V II.

  3. Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume,234 0% 0% #12;Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel;Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume (liters

  4. Mapping Biomass Distribution Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaetzel, Michael

    2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Mapping Biomass Distribution Potential Michael Schaetzel Undergraduate ? Environmental Studies ? University of Kansas L O C A T S I O N BIOMASS ENERGY POTENTIAL o According to DOE, Biomass has the potential to provide 14% of... the nation’s power o Currently 1% of national power supply o Carbon neutral? combustion of biomass is part of the natural carbon cycle o Improved crop residue management has potential to benefit environment, producers, and economy Biomass Btu...

  5. U.S. to join research effort for fusion power Friday, January 31, 2003 file:///Macintosh%20HD/Desktop%20Folder/ITER%20Negotiations/MSNBC/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, is a fusion research project that is already a joint operationU.S. to join research effort for fusion power Friday, January 31, 2003 file:///Macintosh%20HD view of the proposed International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, with a central containment

  6. Distribution of Rovibrational Product States for the "Prompt" Reaction H + D2(W ) 0, j ) 0-4) f HD(W ) 1,2, j) + D near 1.6 eV Collision Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zare, Richard N.

    an inverted parabolic distribution of HD(V, jred) products where jred ) j/jmax, and jmax is the maximum is full of examples of how our understanding of reaction dynamics has advanced and deepened, often being and show that by extending the LOCNESS model to include a linear opacity function we can reproduce

  7. Generalized Fusion Potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ofer Aharony

    1993-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, DiFrancesco and Zuber have characterized the RCFTs which have a description in terms of a fusion potential in one variable, and proposed a generalized potential to describe other theories. In this note we give a simple criterion to determine when such a generalized description is possible. We also determine which RCFTs can be described by a fusion potential in more than one variable, finding that in fact all RCFTs can be described in such a way, as conjectured by Gepner.

  8. Potential Release Sites

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    found. Some examples of potential release sites include septic tanks and associated drain lines chemical storage areas wastewater outfalls material disposal areas incinerators...

  9. Field matric potential sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hubbell, Joel M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Sisson, James B. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of determining matric potential of a sample, the method comprising placing the sample in a container, the container having an opening; and contacting the sample with a tensiometer via the opening. An apparatus for determining matric potential of a sample, the apparatus comprising a housing configured to receive a sample; a portable matric potential sensing device extending into the housing and having a porous member; and a wall closing the housing to insulate the sample and at least a portion of the matric potential sensing device including the porous member.

  10. DIRECT DETECTION OF A FLARED DISK AROUND A YOUNG MASSIVE STAR HD200775 AND ITS 10 TO 1000 AU SCALE PROPERTIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okamoto, Yoshiko Kataza; Momose, M. [Institute of Astrophysics and Planetary Sciences, College of Science, Ibaraki University, 2-1-1 Bunkyo, Mito, Ibaraki, 310-8512 (Japan); Kataza, Hirokazu [Department of Infrared Astrophysics, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510 (Japan); Honda, M. [Department of Information Science, Kanagawa University, 2946 Tsuchiya, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1293 (Japan); Fujiwara, H.; Sakon, I.; Onaka, T. [Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Ohashi, N. [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Fujiyoshi, T. [Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 650 North A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Sako, S.; Miyata, T. [Institute of Astronomy, School of Science, University of Tokyo, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0015 (Japan); Yamashita, T., E-mail: yokamoto@mx.ibaraki.ac.j [ELT Project, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)

    2009-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We made mid-infrared (MIR) observations of the 10 M{sub sun} Herbig Be star HD200775 with the Cooled Mid-Infrared Camera and Spectrometer on the 8.2 m Subaru Telescope. We discovered diffuse emission of an elliptical shape extended in the north-south direction in an approx1000 AU radius around unresolved excess emission. The diffuse emission is perpendicular to the cavity wall formed by the past outflow activity and is parallel to the projected major axis of the central close binary orbit. The centers of the ellipse contours of the diffuse emission are shifted from the stellar position, and the amount of the shift increases as the contour brightness level decreases. The diffuse emission is well explained in all of geometry (the shape and the shift), size, and configuration by an inclined flared disk where only its surface emits the MIR photons. Our results give the first well-resolved infrared disk images around a massive star and strongly support that HD200775 is formed through the disk accretion. The disk survives the main accretion phase and shows a structure similar to that around lower mass stars with 'disk atmosphere'. At the same time, the disk also shows properties characteristic of massive stars such as photoevaporation traced by the 3.4 mm free-free emission and unusual silicate emission with a peak at 9.2 mum, which is shorter than that of many astronomical objects. It provides a good place to compare the disk properties between massive and lower mass stars.

  11. SOLAR ENERGY POTENTIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loreta N. Gashi; Sabedin A. Meha; Besnik A. Duriqi; Fatos S. Haxhimusa

    In recent years solar energy has experienced phenomenal growth due to the technological improvements resulting in cost reductions and also governments policies supportive of renewable energy development and utilization. In this paper we will present possibilities for development and deployment of solar energy. We will use Kosovo to compare the existing power production potential and future possible potential by using solar energy.

  12. Hydropower Potential Screening Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hydropower Potential Screening Study Gillian Charles GRAC 5/28/14 #12;Latest Hydropower Potential Study Creating a Buzz 2014 DOE study on undeveloped stream reaches 84.7 GW undeveloped hydropower in undeveloped stream reaches hydropower in the PNW #12;Studies at both National

  13. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Technician Certification The Virginia Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation (DPOR) will administer a program to certify NGV mechanics and...

  14. Journal of Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 113, Nos 5/6, 1998 Broken Symmetry Phase Transition in Solid HD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemley, Russell J.

    . Box 937, 50-950 Wroclaw 2, Poland "Geophysical Laboratory and Centerfor High Pressure Research by competition between the potential energy, which tends to order the system, and the kinetic energy, which tends applying pressure the wave function becomes more localized which means that the kinetic energy

  15. Ground potential rise monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Allen, Zachery Warren; Zevenbergen, Gary Allen

    2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A device and method for detecting ground potential rise (GPR) comprising a first electrode, a second electrode, and a voltage attenuator. The first electrode and the second electrode are both electrically connected to the voltage attenuator. A means for determining the presence of a dangerous ground potential is connected to the voltage attenuator. The device and method further comprises a means for enabling one or more alarms upon the detection of the dangerous ground potential. Preferably, a first transmitter/receiver is connected to the means for enabling one or more alarms. Preferably, a second transmitter/receiver, comprising a button, is electromagnetically connected to the first transmitter/receiver. Preferably, the means for determining the presence of a dangerous ground potential comprises a means for determining the true RMS voltage at the output of the voltage attenuator, a transient detector connected to the output of the voltage attenuator, or a combination thereof.

  16. Potentiation of chlortetracycline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hesketh, Harold Robert

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    H of the crop, proventriculus, giszsrd and duodenum and the serum chlortetrscycline levels of chicks fed sulphuric acid, hydrochloric acid, acetic acid and oxalic acid sa- potentiating agents. 35 The pH of the crap, proventri. culus, gizzard and duodenum... snd the serum chlortetracycline levels of chicks fed ammonium sulphate and sodium oxalate as potentiating agents' 36 12 The effect of dienestrol diacetste on the level of chlortetracycline in serum from three week old chicks . ~ . ?~ ~ . . ~ . 49...

  17. LABORATORY III POTENTIAL ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    LABORATORY III POTENTIAL ENERGY Lab III - 1 In previous problems, you have been introduced to the concepts of kinetic energy, which is associated with the motion of an object, and internal energy, which is associated with the internal structure of a system. In this section, you work with another form of energy

  18. Proteases Potentiate Fibrocyte Differentiation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galvis Carvajal, Elkin David

    2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    by the presence of the plasma protein Serum Amyloid P (SAP). Tryptase and thrombin potentiate fibrocyte differentiation in the presence of SAP, suggesting that these proteases can be part of a triggering mechanism for scar tissue formation in both healing wounds...

  19. Fusion potentials I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Di Francesco; J. -B. Zuber

    1992-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We reconsider the conjecture by Gepner that the fusion ring of a rational conformal field theory is isomorphic to a ring of polynomials in $n$ variables quotiented by an ideal of constraints that derive from a potential. We show that in a variety of cases, this is indeed true with {\\it one-variable} polynomials.

  20. TRANSPORTATION: THE POTENTIAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION: THE POTENTIAL AND THE CHALLENGE A Summary Report 2003 #12;June 2003 To the Reader This report summarizes the second James L. Oberstar Forum on Transportation Policy and Technology. Over two days, we explored the chal- lenges and opportunities in intermodal transportation, addressing

  1. New Perspectives on the X-ray Emission of HD 104237 and Other Nearby Herbig Ae/Be Stars from XMM-Newton and Chandra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Skinner; M. Guedel; M. Audard; K. Smith

    2004-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We present new X-ray observations of the nearby Herbig Ae star HD 104237 (= DX Cha) with XMM-Newton, whose objective is to clarify the origin of the emission. Several X-ray emission lines are clearly visible in the CCD spectra, including the high-temperature Fe K-alpha complex. The emission can be accurately modeled as a multi-temperature thermal plasma with cool (kT 3 keV) components. The presence of a hot component is compelling evidence that the X-rays originate in magnetically confined plasma, either in the Herbig star itself or in the corona of an as yet unseen late-type companion. The X-ray temperatures and luminosity (log Lx = 30.5 ergs/s) are within the range expected for a T Tauri companion, but high resolution Chandra and HST images constrain the separation of a putative companion to less than 1 arcsec. We place these new results into broader context by comparing the X-ray and bolometric luminosities of a sample of nearby Herbig stars with those of T Tauri stars and classical main-sequence Be stars. We also test the predictions of a model that attributes the X-ray emission of Herbig stars to magnetic activity that is sustained by a shear-powered dynamo.

  2. Extreme helium stars: non-LTE matters Helium and hydrogen spectra of the unique objects V652 Her and HD144941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Przybilla; K. Butler; U. Heber; C. S. Jeffery

    2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantitative analyses of low-mass hydrogen-deficient (super-)giant stars - so-called extreme helium stars - to date face two major difficulties. First, theory fails to reproduce the observed helium lines in their entirety, wings and line cores. Second, a general mismatch exists for effective temperatures derived from ionization equilibria and from spectral energy distributions. Here, we demonstrate how the issue can be resolved using state-of-the-art non-LTE line-formation for these chemically peculiar objects. Two unique high-gravity B-type objects are discussed in detail, the pulsating variable V652 Her and the metal-poor star HD144941. In the first case atmospheric parameters from published LTE analyses are largely recovered, in the other a systematic offset is found. Hydrogen abundances are systematically smaller than previously reported, by up to a factor ~2. Extreme helium stars turn out to be important testbeds for non-LTE model atoms for helium. Improved non-LTE computations show that analyses assuming LTE or based on older non-LTE model atoms can predict equivalent widths, for the HeI 10830A transition in particular, in error by up to a factor ~3.

  3. On quantum potential dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon Goldstein; Ward Struyve

    2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-relativistic de Broglie-Bohm theory describes particles moving under the guidance of the wave function. In de Broglie's original formulation, the particle dynamics is given by a first-order differential equation. In Bohm's reformulation, it is given by Newton's law of motion with an extra potential that depends on the wave function--the quantum potential--together with a constraint on the possible velocities. It was recently argued, mainly by numerical simulations, that relaxing this velocity constraint leads to a physically untenable theory. We provide further evidence for this by showing that for various wave functions the particles tend to escape the wave packet. In particular, we show that for a central classical potential and bound energy eigenstates the particle motion is often unbounded. This work seems particularly relevant for ways of simulating wave function evolution based on Bohm's formulation of the de Broglie-Bohm theory. Namely, the simulations may become unstable due to deviations from the velocity constraint.

  4. WP 3 Report: Biomass Potentials Biomass production potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WP 3 Report: Biomass Potentials 1 Biomass production potentials in Central and Eastern Europe under different scenarios Final report of WP3 of the VIEWLS project, funded by DG-Tren #12;WP 3 Report: Biomass Potentials 2 Report Biomass production potentials in central and Eastern Europe under different scenarios

  5. WINDExchange: Potential Wind Capacity

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin: EnergyWyandanch,EagaAbout Printable VersionNews ThisPotential

  6. Ground potential rise monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Allen, Zachery W. (Mandan, ND); Zevenbergen, Gary A. (Arvada, CO)

    2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A device and method for detecting ground potential rise (GPR) comprising positioning a first electrode and a second electrode at a distance from each other into the earth. The voltage of the first electrode and second electrode is attenuated by an attenuation factor creating an attenuated voltage. The true RMS voltage of the attenuated voltage is determined creating an attenuated true RMS voltage. The attenuated true RMS voltage is then multiplied by the attenuation factor creating a calculated true RMS voltage. If the calculated true RMS voltage is greater than a first predetermined voltage threshold, a first alarm is enabled at a local location. If user input is received at a remote location acknowledging the first alarm, a first alarm acknowledgment signal is transmitted. The first alarm acknowledgment signal is then received at which time the first alarm is disabled.

  7. Sources of symmetric potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John W. Barrett

    1997-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Laboratory experiments on gravitation are usually performed with objects of constant density, so that the analysis of the forces concerns only the geometry of their shape. In an ideal experiment, the shapes of the constituent parts will be optimised to meet certain mathematical criteria, which ensure that the experiment has maximal sensitivity. Using this idea, the author suggested an experiment to determine the departure of the gravitational force from Newton's force law [1]. The geometrical problem which has to be solved is to find two shapes which differ significantly, but have the same Newtonian potential. Essentially, the experiment determines whether the two objects are distinguishable by their gravitational force. Here, we consider the case when one of them is a round ball. The result, Theorem 1, establishes a fact which appeared in numerical simulations, that the second object has to have a hole in it.

  8. WORK PROGRAMME 2010 RESEARCH POTENTIAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    the research potential of research entities established in the Western Balkan Countries' regions equivalent and developing the research potential of research entities established in the Western Balkan Countries' regions

  9. THE POTENTIAL OF SOLAR ELECTRIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    and Environmental Policy University of Delaware April 2005 #12;THE POTENTIAL FOR SOLAR ELECTRIC APPLICATIONSTHE POTENTIAL OF SOLAR ELECTRIC APPLICATIONS FOR DELAWARE'S POULTRY FARMS FINAL REPORT Delaware Energy Office University of Delaware Center for Energy and Environmental Policy University

  10. Council's Regional Hydropower Potential Scoping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Council's Regional Hydropower Potential Scoping Study Generating Resources Advisory Committee 11 to determine potential, and draw conclusions Determine if realistic, reasonable assumption for hydropower at existing non-powered dams, and upgrades at existing hydropower facilities #12;Questions Asked Can

  11. Colorado Potential Geothermal Pathways

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zehner, Richard E.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Citation Information: Originator: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Publication Date: 2012 Title: Colorado PRS Cool Fairways Edition: First Publication Information: Publication Place: Earth Science & Observation Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES), University of Colorado, Boulder Publisher: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Description: This layer contains the weakened basement rocks. Isostatic gravity was utilized to identify structural basin areas, characterized by gravity low values reflecting weakened basement rocks. Together interpreted regional fault zones and basin outlines define geothermal "exploration fairways", where the potential exists for deep, superheated fluid flow in the absence of Pliocene or younger volcanic units Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4544698.569273 m Left: 144918.141004 m Right: 763728.391299 m Bottom: 4094070.397932 m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Contact Person: Khalid Hussein Address: CIRES, Ekeley Building Earth Science & Observation Center (ESOC) 216 UCB City: Boulder State: CO Postal Code: 80309-0216 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 303-492-6782 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS’1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System ’1984 (WGS ’1984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shape file

  12. RANGELAND SEQUESTRATION POTENTIAL ASSESSMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee Spangler; George F. Vance; Gerald E. Schuman; Justin D. Derner

    2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Rangelands occupy approximately half of the world's land area and store greater than 10% of the terrestrial biomass carbon and up to 30% of the global soil organic carbon. Although soil carbon sequestration rates are generally low on rangelands in comparison to croplands, increases in terrestrial carbon in rangelands resulting from management can account for significant carbon sequestration given the magnitude of this land resource. Despite the significance rangelands can play in carbon sequestration, our understanding remains limited. Researchers conducted a literature review to identify sustainably management practices that conserve existing rangeland carbon pools, as well as increase or restore carbon sequestration potentials for this type of ecosystem. The research team also reviewed the impact of grazing management on rangeland carbon dynamics, which are not well understood due to heterogeneity in grassland types. The literature review on the impact of grazing showed a wide variation of results, ranging from positive to negative to no response. On further review, the intensity of grazing appears to be a major factor in controlling rangeland soil organic carbon dynamics. In 2003, researchers conducted field sampling to assess the effect of several drought years during the period 1993-2002. Results suggested that drought can significantly impact rangeland soil organic carbon (SOC) levels, and therefore, carbon sequestration. Resampling was conducted in 2006; results again suggested that climatic conditions may have overridden management effects on SOC due to the ecological lag of the severe drought of 2002. Analysis of grazing practices during this research effort suggested that there are beneficial effects of light grazing compared to heavy grazing and non-grazing with respect to increased SOC and nitrogen contents. In general, carbon storage in rangelands also increases with increased precipitation, although researchers identified threshold levels of precipitation where sequestration begins to decrease.

  13. Harmonic potential and hadron spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rafael Tumanyan

    2009-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The quark-gluon sea in the hadrons is considered as periodically correlated. Energy levels of Shrodinger equation with harmonic potential is used for describing of the spectrum of hadron masses. In the considered cases the effective potential operating on each particle of ensemble, under certain conditions becomes square-law on displacement from a equilibrium point. It can become an explanation of popularity of oscillator potential for the description of a spectrum of masses of elementary particles. The analysis shows that levels of periodic potential better agreed to the spectrum of hadron masses, than levels of other potentials used for an explanation of a spectrum of masses.

  14. Chapter 20: Electric Potential and Electric Potential Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kioussis, Nicholas

    1 Chapter 20: Electric Potential and Electric Potential Energy 2. A 4.5 µC charge moves in a uniform electric field ( )5 ^4.1 10 N/C= ×E x . The change in electric potential energy of a charge that moves against an electric field is given by equation 20-1, 0U q Ed = . If the charge moves in the same

  15. Orbits in a logarithmic potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hooverman, R.H.

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The characteristics of charged particle orbits in the logarithmic electrostatic potential field surrounding a straight conducting wire at a fixed potential are investigated. The equations of motion of an electron in a logarithmic potential are derived, the limiting cases are considered, and the results of numerical integration of the equations of motion are presented along with sketches of a few representative orbits. (C.E.S.)

  16. Target Space Duality III: Potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orlando Alvarez; Blazej Ruszczycki

    2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We generalize previous results on target space duality to the case where there are background fields and the sigma model lagrangian has a potential function.

  17. Powertrain Trends and Future Potential

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    parties. Automotive Technology 12 Evolution in Clean Diesel & Gasoline Technology 1) turbo-charged with downsizing and var. valve timing (VVT); 2) max. potential w downsizing,...

  18. General inflaton potentials in supergravity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kallosh, Renata; Linde, Andrei; Rube, Tomas [Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

    2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a way to construct supergravity models with an arbitrary inflaton potential V({phi}) and show that all other scalar fields in this class of models can be stabilized at the inflationary trajectory by a proper choice of the Kaehler potential.

  19. Completeness for sparse potential scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, Zhongwei, E-mail: zzs0004@auburn.edu [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849 (United States)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The present paper is devoted to the scattering theory of a class of continuum Schrödinger operators with deterministic sparse potentials. We first establish the limiting absorption principle for both modified free resolvents and modified perturbed resolvents. This actually is a weak form of the classical limiting absorption principle. We then prove the existence and completeness of local wave operators, which, in particular, imply the existence of wave operators. Under additional assumptions on the sparse potential, we prove the completeness of wave operators. In the context of continuum Schrödinger operators with sparse potentials, this paper gives the first proof of the completeness of wave operators.

  20. Potential

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible forPortsmouth/Paducah Project Office PressPostdoctoraldecadal7 Estimated Award6,

  1. Hertz Potentials and Differential Geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bouas, Jeffrey David

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    , and I present techniques for introducing gauge terms of arbitrary order. Finally, I give a treatment of one application of Hertz potentials, namely calculating electromagnetic Casimir interactions for a couple of systems....

  2. Groundwater Contamination Potential from Stormwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Shirley E.

    1 Groundwater Contamination Potential from Stormwater Infiltration Robert Pitt, University (CSOs). Introduction (cont.) · Scattered information is available addressing groundwater impacts cities · EPA 1983 NURP work on groundwater beneath Fresno and Long Island infiltration basins · NRC 1994

  3. Japanese Computing Center Discusses Potential Collaborations...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Japanese Computing Center Discusses Potential Collaborations Japanese Computing Center Discusses Potential Collaborations February 26, 2011 Representatives from Japan's Tsukuba...

  4. The Frame Potential, on Average

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingemar Bengtsson; Helena Granstrom

    2008-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A SIC consists of N^2 equiangular unit vectors in an N dimensional Hilbert space. The frame potential is a function of N^2 unit vectors. It has a unique global minimum if the vectors form a SIC, and this property has been made use of in numerical searches for SICs. When the vectors form an orbit of the Heisenberg group the frame potential becomes a function of a single fiducial vector. We analytically compute the average of this function over Hilbert space. We also compute averages when the fiducial vector is placed in certain special subspaces defined by the Clifford group.

  5. A knowledge of the potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sali, Andrej

    is as important for understanding protein folding as is the potential surface for the H H2 reaction. estimated to protein folding, in which thousands of atoms take part. The under- standing of a reaction is based of experimental developments and theoretical advances.[1] By contrast, protein folding is so complex that even

  6. Biomass Energy Crops: Massachusetts' Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Biomass Energy Crops: Massachusetts' Potential Prepared for: Massachusetts Division of Energy;#12;Executive Summary In Massachusetts, biomass energy has typically meant wood chips derived from the region's extensive forest cover. Yet nationally, biomass energy from dedicated energy crops and from crop residues

  7. Thermoelectric Generator (TEG) Fuel Displacement Potential using...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (TEG) Fuel Displacement Potential using Engine-in-the-Loop and Simulation Thermoelectric Generator (TEG) Fuel Displacement Potential using Engine-in-the-Loop and Simulation...

  8. Cassava, a potential biofuel crop in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jansson, C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cassava, a potential biofuel crop in China Christer Janssoncassava; bioethanol; biofuel; metabolic engineering; Chinathe potentials of cassava in the biofuel sector and point to

  9. Phylogenetic Distribution of Potential Cellulases in Bacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlemont, R.; Martiny, A. C

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Phylogenetic Distribution of Potential Cellulases incontent/79/5/1545 Phylogenetic Distribution of Potential3, 4). Thus, the phylogenetic distribution of en- zyme genes

  10. Clot Busting Simulations Test Potential Stroke Treatment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Clot Busting Simulations Test Potential Stroke Treatment Clot Busting Simulations Test Potential Stroke Treatment September 24, 2013 | Tags: Biological and Environmental Research...

  11. Therapeutic potential of nanoceria in regenerative medicine....

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Therapeutic potential of nanoceria in regenerative medicine. Therapeutic potential of nanoceria in regenerative medicine. Abstract: Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine aim...

  12. Mitigating Potential Environmental Impacts of Energy Development...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Mitigating Potential Environmental Impacts of Energy Development Mitigating Potential Environmental Impacts of Energy Development April 15, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis Partnering with...

  13. Sandia National Laboratories: Potential Partners

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebook Twitter YouTube Flickr RSSStrategicSynthetic AperturePotential

  14. Sandia National Laboratories: Potential Sponsors

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebook Twitter YouTube Flickr RSSStrategicSynthetic AperturePotential

  15. The circumstellar shell of the post-AGB star HD 56126: the 12C12C/12C13C isotope ratio and 12C16O column density

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric J. Bakker; David L. Lambert

    1998-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We have made the first detection of circumstellar absorption lines of the 12C13C (Phillips) system 1-0 band and the 12C16O first-overtone 2-0 band in the spectrum of the post-AGB star HD56126 (IRAS07134+1005). The rotational temperatures are lower for molecules with a higher permanent dipole moment. Derived relative column densities ratios are 12C12C/12C13C=36+-13, 12C16O/(12C12C+12C13C)=606+-230, and 12C16O/(12C14N+13C14N)=475+-175. The isotopic exchange reaction for 12C12C is too slow to significantly alter the 12C12C/12C13C ratio and the 12C12C to 12C13C ratio a good measure of half the carbon isotope ratio: 12C/13C=2 X 12C12C/12C13C=72+-26. A fit of the 12C12C excitation model of van Dishoeck & Black (1982) to the relative population distribution of 12C12C yields n sigma / I = 3.3 +- 1.0 X 1e-14. At r=1e16cm this translates in n=1.7e7cm-3 and dM/dt=2.5e-4Msol/year.

  16. Characteristics of potential repository wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowart, C.G.; Notz, K.J.

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of a fully documented peer review of DOE/RW-0184, Rev. 1, Characteristics of Potential Repository Wastes''. The peer review was chaired and administered by oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) and was conducted in accordance with OCRWM QA procedure QAAP 3.3 Peer Review'' for the purpose of quailing the document for use in OCRWM quality-affecting work. The peer reviewers selected represent a wide range of experience and knowledge particularly suitable for evaluating the subject matter. A total of 596 formal comments were documented by the seven peer review panels, and all were successfully resolved. The peers reached the conclusion that DOE/RW-0184, Rev. 1, is quality determined and suitable for use in quality-affecting work.

  17. Gas flow in barred potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sormani, Mattia C; Magorrian, John

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We use a Cartesian grid to simulate the flow of gas in a barred Galactic potential and investigate the effects of varying the sound speed in the gas and the resolution of the grid. For all sound speeds and resolutions, streamlines closely follow closed orbits at large and small radii. At intermediate radii shocks arise and the streamlines shift between two families of closed orbits. The point at which the shocks appear and the streamlines shift between orbit families depends strongly on sound speed and resolution. For sufficiently large values of these two parameters, the transfer happens at the cusped orbit as hypothesised by Binney et al. over two decades ago. For sufficiently high resolutions the flow downstream of the shocks becomes unsteady. If this unsteadiness is physical, as appears to be the case, it provides a promising explanation for the asymmetry in the observed distribution of CO.

  18. Drawing driver's attention to potentially dangerous objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurugöl, Orc?un

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Drivers often have difficulties noticing potentially dangerous objects due to weather or lighting conditions or when their field of view is restricted. This thesis presents a display method for potentially dangerous objects ...

  19. POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON FLOODING IN WISCONSIN Ken Potter and Zach Schuster flood scenarios in Wisconsin · Potential impact of climate change on Wisconsin flooding · Ongoing #12;WISCONSIN INITIATIVE ON CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS · Partnership between the University of Wisconsin

  20. STATEWIDE ENERGY EFFICIENCY POTENTIAL ESTIMATES AND TARGETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    rates of forecasted natural gas consumption, electricity consumption and peak electricity demand potential for electric consumption savings, 85 percent of the economic potential for peak demand savings Energy efficiency, energy savings, demand reduction, electricity consumption, natural gas consumption

  1. The potential of renewable energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On June 27 and 28, 1989, the US Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories were convened to discuss plans for the development of a National Energy Strategy (NES) and, in particular, the analytic needs in support of NES that could be addressed by the laboratories. As a result of that meeting, interlaboratory teams were formed to produce analytic white papers on key topics, and a lead laboratory was designated for each core laboratory team. The broad-ranging renewables assignment is summarized by the following issue statement from the Office of Policy, Planning and Analysis: to what extent can renewable energy technologies contribute to diversifying sources of energy supply What are the major barriers to greater renewable energy use and what is the potential timing of widespread commercialization for various categories of applications This report presents the results of the intensive activity initiated by the June 1989 meeting to produce a white paper on renewable energy. Scores of scientists, analysts, and engineers in the five core laboratories gave generously of their time over the past eight months to produce this document. Their generous, constructive efforts are hereby gratefully acknowledged. 126 refs., 44 figs., 32 tabs.

  2. Levy flights in confining potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piotr Garbaczewski; Vladimir Stephanovich

    2009-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze confining mechanisms for L\\'{e}vy flights. When they evolve in suitable external potentials their variance may exist and show signatures of a superdiffusive transport. Two classes of stochastic jump - type processes are considered: those driven by Langevin equation with L\\'{e}vy noise and those, named by us topological L\\'{e}vy processes (occurring in systems with topological complexity like folded polymers or complex networks and generically in inhomogeneous media), whose Langevin representation is unknown and possibly nonexistent. Our major finding is that both above classes of processes stay in affinity and may share common stationary (eventually asymptotic) probability density, even if their detailed dynamical behavior look different. That generalizes and offers new solutions to a reverse engineering (e.g. targeted stochasticity) problem due to I. Eliazar and J. Klafter [J. Stat. Phys. 111, 739, (2003)]: design a L\\'{e}vy process whose target pdf equals a priori preselected one. Our observations extend to a broad class of L\\'{e}vy noise driven processes, like e.g. superdiffusion on folded polymers, geophysical flows and even climatic changes.

  3. Characteristics of potential repository wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Notz, K.J.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) is responsible for the spent fuels and other wastes that will be disposed of in a geologic repository. The two major sources of these materials are commercial light-water reactor (LWR) spent fuel and immobilized high-level waste (HLW). Other wastes that may require long-term isolation include non-LWR spent fuels and miscellaneous sources such as activated metals. Detailed characterizations are required for all of these potential repository wastes. These characterizations include physical, chemical, and radiological properties. The latter must take into account decay as a function of time. This information has been extracted from primary data sources, evaluated, and assembled in a Characteristics Data Base which provides data in four formats: hard copy standard reports, menu-driven personal computer (PC) data bases, program-level PC data bases, and mainframe computer files. The Characteristics Data Base provides a standard set of self-consistent data to the various areas of responsibility including systems integration and waste stream analysis, storage, transportation, and geologic disposal. The data will be used for design studies, evaluation of alternatives, and system optimization by OCRWM and supporting contractors. 7 refs., 5 figs., 7 tabs.

  4. Partners and Stakeholders: Roles and Potential Impact

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Partners and Stakeholders: Roles and Potential Impact, Chapter 6 from the Clean Energy Finance Guide, Third Edition

  5. Potential Energy Surfaces Donald G. Truhlar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truhlar, Donald G

    . Meyers (Academic Press, New York, 2001), Vol. 13, pages 9-17. httpPotential Energy Surfaces Donald G. Truhlar University of Minnesota I. Introduction II. Quantum Mechanical Basis for Adiabatic Potential Energy Surfaces III. Topology of Adiabatic Potential Energy Surfaces

  6. Renewable Energy Potential for Brownfield Redevelopment Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that must be met for a brownfield site to be considered as high potential for wind power redevelopmentRenewable Energy Potential for Brownfield Redevelopment Strategies Renewable energy resources to identify high-potential sites for renewable energy technologies and can help determine those technologies

  7. Short distance physics with heavy quark potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zantow, F; Karsch, Frithjof; Petreczky, P

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present lattice studies of heavy quark potentials in the quenched approximation of QCD at finite temperatures. Both, the color singlet and color averaged potentials are calculated. While the potentials are well known at large distances, we give a detailed analysis of their short distance behavior (from 0.015 fm to 1 fm) near the critical temperature. At these distances we expect that the T-dependent potentials go over into the zero temperature potential. Indeed, we find evidences that the temperature influence gets suppressed and the potentials starts to become a unique function of the underlying distance scale. We use this feature to normalize the heavy quark potentials at short distances and extract the free energy of the quark system in a gluonic heat bath.

  8. Green roofs: potential at LANL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pacheco, Elena M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Green roofs, roof systems that support vegetation, are rapidly becoming one of the most popular sustainable methods to combat urban environmental problems in North America. An extensive list of literature has been published in the past three decades recording the ecological benefits of green roofs; and now those benefits have been measured in enumerated data as a means to analyze the costs and returns of green roof technology. Most recently several studies have made substantial progress quantifying the monetary savings associated with storm water mitigation, the lessoning of the Urban Heat Island, and reduction of building cooling demands due to the implementation of green roof systems. Like any natural vegetation, a green roof is capable of absorbing the precipitation that falls on it. This capability has shown to significantly decrease the amount of storm water runoff produced by buildings as well as slow the rate at which runoff is dispensed. As a result of this reduction in volume and velocity, storm drains and sewage systems are relieved of any excess stress they might experience in a storm. For many municipalities and private building owners, any increase in storm water mitigation can result in major tax incentives and revenue that does not have to be spent on extra water treatments. Along with absorption of water, vegetation on green roofs is also capable of transpiration, the process by which moisture is evaporated into the air to cool ambient temperatures. This natural process aims to minimize the Urban Heat Island Effect, a phenomenon brought on by the dark and paved surfaces that increases air temperatures in urban cores. As the sun distributes solar radiation over a city's area, dark surfaces such as bitumen rooftops absorb solar rays and their heat. That heat is later released during the evening hours and the ambient temperatures do not cool as they normally would, creating an island of constant heat. Such excessively high temperatures induce heat strokes, heat exhaustion, and pollution that can agitate the respiratory system. The most significant savings associated with green roofs is in the reduction of cooling demands due to the green roof's thermal mass and their insulating properties. Unlike a conventional roof system, a green roof does not absorb solar radiation and transfer that heat into the interior of a building. Instead the vegetation acts as a shade barrier and stabilizes the roof temperature so that interior temperatures remain comfortable for the occupants. Consequently there is less of a demand for air conditioning, and thus less money spent on energy. At LANL the potential of green roof systems has already been realized with the construction of the accessible green roof on the Otowi building. To further explore the possibilities and prospective benefits of green roofs though, the initial capital costs must be invested. Three buildings, TA-03-1698, TA-03-0502, and TA-53-0031 have all been identified as sound candidates for a green roof retrofit project. It is recommended that LANL proceed with further analysis of these projects and implementation of the green roofs. Furthermore, it is recommended that an urban forestry program be initiated to provide supplemental support to the environmental goals of green roofs. The obstacles barring green roof construction are most often budgetary and structural concerns. Given proper resources, however, the engineers and design professionals at LANL would surely succeed in the proper implementation of green roof systems so as to optimize their ecological and monetary benefits for the entire organization.

  9. Potential Energy Total electric potential energy, U, of a system of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

    Potential Energy Total electric potential energy, U, of a system of charges is obtained from of work done by the field, W*= -W. Bring q1 from , W *= 0 since no electric F yet #12;Potential Energy Total electric potential energy, U, of a system of charges is obtained from the work done by an external

  10. Questioned, Unresolved, and Potentially Unallowable Costs Incurred...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Special Report Questioned, Unresolved and Potentially Unallowable Costs Incurred by Los Alamos National Laboratory during Fiscal Years 2008 and 2009 OAS-L-12-04 April 2012...

  11. Self-potential observations during hydraulic fracturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, J R; Glaser, Steven D

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    potential measurements during hydraulic fracturing of BunterSP response during hydraulic fracturing. Citation: Moore, J.observations during hydraulic fracturing, J. Geophys. Res. ,

  12. Self-potential observations during hydraulic fracturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Jeffrey R.; Glaser, Steven D.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    potential measurements during hydraulic fracturing of BunterMonitoring during hydraulic fracturing using the TG-2 well,fracture processes in hydraulic fracturing, Quarterly Report

  13. Hydrogen Infrastructure Market Readiness: Opportunities and Potential...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Opportunities and Potential for Near-term Cost Reductions. Proceedings of the Hydrogen Infrastructure Market Readiness Workshop and Summary of Feedback Provided through the...

  14. Alternative Ways of Financing Infrastructure Investment: Potential...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    'Novel' Financing Models Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Alternative Ways of Financing Infrastructure Investment: Potential for 'Novel' Financing Models...

  15. Estimating Mitigation Potential of Agricultural Projects: an...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tool (EX-ACT) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Brazil-Estimating Mitigation Potential of Agricultural Projects: an Application of the...

  16. ASSESSMENT OF HOUSEHOLD CARBON FOOTPRINT REDUCTION POTENTIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masanet, Eric

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    lighting and heating, ventilation, and air  conditioning (potential  Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning Refrigeration Space Heating Ventilation ENERGY STAR PCs and

  17. Energy dependence of nucleon-nucleon potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinya Aoki; Janos Balog; Tetsuo Hatsuda; Noriyoshi Ishii; Keiko Murano; Hidekatsu Nemura; Peter Weisz

    2008-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the energy dependence of potentials defined through the Bethe-Salpeter wave functions. We analytically evaluate such a potential in the Ising field theory in 2 dimensions and show that its energy dependence is weak at low energy. We then numerically calculate the nucleon-nucleon potential at non-zero energy using quenched QCD with anti-periodic boundary condition. In this case we also observe that the potentials are almost identical at $E\\simeq 0$ and $E\\simeq 50$ MeV, where $E$ is the center of mass kinetic energy.

  18. Electrostatic Potential of Specific Mineral Faces. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    interactions, and in testing surface complexation theories. Citation: Zarzycki PP, SME Chatman, T Preocanin, and KM Rosso.2011."Electrostatic Potential of Specific Mineral...

  19. Group-theoretical approach to reflectionless potentials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kerimov, G. A.; Ventura, A. [International Centre for Physics and Applied Mathematics, Trakya University, 22050 Edirne (Turkey); Ente Nuove Tecnologie, Energia e Ambiente and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Bologna (Italy)

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the general form of potentials with zero reflection coefficient in one-dimensional Hamiltonians connected with Casimir invariants of non-compact groups.

  20. Potential Carriers and Approaches for Hydrogen Delivery

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    density (60%) which reduces volumetric energy density Pros: Potential for reversible hydrogen storage using waste heat to liberate hydrogen Operates in a reasonable T-P space (2...

  1. Utrecht University's High Potential Programme Making Room

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Utrecht University's High Potential Programme Making Room for Talent 2 #12;Making Room for Talent Utrecht University has a worldwide reputation for excellence in research across a broad range. This is why in 2003 Utrecht University created the High Potential Programme, an incentive scheme which gives

  2. THE BREUILMEZARD CONJECTURE FOR POTENTIALLY BARSOTTITATE REPRESENTATIONS.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kisin, Mark

    THE BREUIL­M´EZARD CONJECTURE FOR POTENTIALLY BARSOTTI­TATE REPRESENTATIONS. TOBY GEE AND MARK, proving a variety of results including the Buzzard­Diamond­Jarvis conjecture. Contents Overview. 2.3. Patching 14 3.4. Potential diagonalizability 18 3.5. Local results 20 4. The Buzzard­Diamond­Jarvis

  3. Physics 321 Energy Conservation Potential Energy in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    is independent of path. If we know we also know . 1 2 y x Potential Energy If T is dependent only on the endPhysics 321 Hour 7 Energy Conservation ­ Potential Energy in One Dimension Work-Energy Theorem = 1 work increases kinetic energy, negative work decreases kinetic energy Gravity Depending on initial

  4. Wave equations with energy dependent potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Formanek; R. J. Lombard; J. Mares

    2003-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We study wave equations with energy dependent potentials. Simple analytical models are found useful to illustrate difficulties encountered with the calculation and interpretation of observables. A formal analysis shows under which conditions such equations can be handled as evolution equation of quantum theory with an energy dependent potential. Once these conditions are met, such theory can be transformed into ordinary quantum theory.

  5. Visualizing Motion in Potential Wells* Pratibha Jolly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zollman, Dean

    , directly and plot the potential energy diagrams using a magnetic field sensor. The ease of measurement of potential #12;2 barriers and wells. The previous developers used a photo-interrupt and timing device for the sake of economy a single sensor was employed. Then, the experiment had to be repeated a large number

  6. Hydropower Potential Scoping Study Gauging Interest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    6/19/2013 1 Hydropower Potential Scoping Study ­ Gauging Interest Generating Resources Advisory and associated technologies. ­ Hydropower upgrades, new hydropower projects 2 Purpose Develop a hydro supply curve to determine the hydropower development potential in the NW region ­ Council's Seventh Power Plan

  7. Ellipsoidal Potential Parameterization for Bisphenol A Polycarbonate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heermann, Dieter W.

    Ellipsoidal Potential Parameterization for Bisphenol A Polycarbonate Klaus M. Zimmer, Andreas Linke- termolecular potential for Bisphenol-A-Polycarbonate BPA-PC. The pa- rameterization is based on the ellipsoidal of a polycarbon- ate was given by Sun et. al. 2 . Such a chemically-realistic description may be very well used

  8. Carbon Capture and Storage Realising the potential?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    Carbon Capture and Storage Realising the potential? UKERC Research Project #12;Carbon Capture Winskel University of Edinburgh Peter Pearson and Stathis Arapostathis Low Carbon Research Institute @UKERKHQ #12;UKERC Research Project: Carbon Capture and Storage: Realising the potential? 01 It is the hub

  9. Neutrino matter potentials induced by Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Linder

    2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An instructive method of deriving the matter potentials felt by neutrinos propagating through matter on Earth is presented. This paper thoroughly guides the reader through the calculations involving the effective weak Hamiltonian for lepton and quark scattering. The matter potentials are well-known results since the late 70's, but a detailed and pedagogical calculation of these quantities is hard to find. We derive potentials due to charged and neutral current scattering on electrons, neutrons and protons. Intended readership is for undergraduates/graduates in the fields of relativistic quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. In addition to the derivation of the potentials for neutrinos, we explicitely study the origin of the reversed sign for potentials in the case of antineutrino-scattering.

  10. PHYTOPLANKTON AND BIOMASS DISTRIBUTION AT POTENTIAL OTEC SITES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, P.W.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DISTRIBUTION AT POTENTIAL OTEC SITES P. W. Johnson and A.DISTRIBUTION AT POTENTIAL OTEC SITES LBL9054 P. W. Johnsonparameters at potential OTEC sites. Site Dactyliosolen

  11. The influence of the electrochemical stressing (potential step...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the electrochemical stressing (potential step and potential-static holding) on the degradation of polymer The influence of the electrochemical stressing (potential step and...

  12. Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India: Economic and Policy Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Unleashing the Potential of Renewable Energy in India.of Potential for Wind Farms in India, Renewable Energy (of Potential for Wind Farms in India, Renewable Energy (

  13. Indian Country Solar Energy Potential Estimates & DOE IE Updates

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    * Tribal electricity and energy usage * Land Ownership Oklahoma Energy Market 11 Oklahoma Wind Potential 12 Oklahoma Community Wind Potential 13 Oklahoma Solar PV Potential 14...

  14. Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India: Economic and Policy Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the need to reassess wind potential estimates in India andDivision Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India:July 2011 Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India:

  15. MD/HD Advanced Technology Evaluations

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of new technology vs conventional * 6-12 month, on-road evaluations * Obtain and analyze data such as: - Operating costmile - Fuel economy - Unscheduled maintenance - Scheduled...

  16. Adiabatic hyperspherical analysis of realistic nuclear potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daily, K M; Greene, Chris H

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the hyperspherical adiabatic method with the realistic nuclear potentials Argonne V14, Argonne V18, and Argonne V18 with the Urbana IX three-body potential, we calculate the adiabatic potentials and the triton bound state energies. We find that a discrete variable representation with the slow variable discretization method along the hyperradial degree of freedom results in energies consistent with the literature. However, using a Laguerre basis results in missing energy, even when extrapolated to an infinite number of basis functions and channels. We do not include the isospin $T=3/2$ contribution in our analysis.

  17. Adiabatic hyperspherical analysis of realistic nuclear potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. M. Daily; Alejandro Kievsky; Chris H. Greene

    2015-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the hyperspherical adiabatic method with the realistic nuclear potentials Argonne V14, Argonne V18, and Argonne V18 with the Urbana IX three-body potential, we calculate the adiabatic potentials and the triton bound state energies. We find that a discrete variable representation with the slow variable discretization method along the hyperradial degree of freedom results in energies consistent with the literature. However, using a Laguerre basis results in missing energy, even when extrapolated to an infinite number of basis functions and channels. We do not include the isospin $T=3/2$ contribution in our analysis.

  18. Multivessel Batch Distillation Potential Energy Savings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    Multivessel Batch Distillation ­ Potential Energy Savings Bernd Wittgens and Sigurd Skogestad 1, Norway ABSTRACT ­ A conventional batch distillation column operated under feedback control applying the proposed policy is compared to the multivessel batch distillation column. In some cases we found

  19. Multivessel Batch Distillation -Potential Energy Savings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    Multivessel Batch Distillation - Potential Energy Savings Bernd Wittgens and Sigurd Skogestad 1, Norway ABSTRACT - A conventional batch distillation column operated under feedback control applying the proposed policy is compared to the multivessel batch distillation column. In some cases we found

  20. Nanobiocatalysis and Its Potential Applications. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    J, JW Grate, and P Wang.2008."Nanobiocatalysis and Its Potential Applications."Trends in Biotechnology 26(11):639-646. doi:10.1016j.tibtech.2008.07.009 Authors: J Kim JW Grate P...

  1. Quarkonium Dissociation at Finite Chemical Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kakade, Uttam

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have studied the dissociation of quarkonia states in a deconfined medium of quarks and gluons at large baryon chemical potential and small temperature region. The aim of this study is to probe the dense baryonic medium expected to be produced at FAIR facility, GSI Darmstadt. This is done by correcting both the short and long-distance terms of the Cornell potential by a dielectric function, embodying the effects of deconfined quarks and gluons, at finite baryon chemical potential and temperature. It is found that $J/\\psi$ is dissociated approximately at 2 $\\mu_c$ in the temperature range 20-50 MeV, which can indirectly help to locate the point on QCD phase diagram at large chemical potential and low temperature zone.

  2. Siderite, oxidation, and neutralization potential determination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porter, Elizabeth Brooke

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to the nature of native soils overlying lignite seams in Texas, mixed overburden is allowed as a topsoil substitute. Determination of suitable topsoil replacements is based on chemical analysis, including neutralization potential (NP), a...

  3. Potential of geothermal energy in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sung, Peter On

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis provides an overview of geothermal power generation and the potential for geothermal energy utilization in China. Geothermal energy is thermal energy stored in the earth's crust and currently the only ubiquitously ...

  4. Tiny Glass Bubbles With Big Potential

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    If these glass microspheres' walls could talk…They would explain how their tiny pores allow the potential for handling, storing and transporting a variety of materials, including drugs that have...

  5. Potential Economic Value of Seasonal Hurricane Forecasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emanuel, Kerry Andrew

    This paper explores the potential utility of seasonal Atlantic hurricane forecasts to a hypothetical property insurance firm whose insured properties are broadly distributed along the U.S. Gulf and East Coasts. Using a ...

  6. Applying supersymmetry to energy dependent potentials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yekken, R. [Faculté de Physique, USTHB Bab Ezzouar, Alger (Algeria)] [Faculté de Physique, USTHB Bab Ezzouar, Alger (Algeria); Lassaut, M. [Groupe de Physique Théorique, Institut de Physique Nucléaire, IN2P3 - CNRS, Université Paris-Sud 11, 91406 Orsay Cedex (France)] [Groupe de Physique Théorique, Institut de Physique Nucléaire, IN2P3 - CNRS, Université Paris-Sud 11, 91406 Orsay Cedex (France); Lombard, R.J., E-mail: roland.lombard@laposte.net [Groupe de Physique Théorique, Institut de Physique Nucléaire, IN2P3 - CNRS, Université Paris-Sud 11, 91406 Orsay Cedex (France)

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the supersymmetry properties of energy dependent potentials in the D=1 dimensional space. We show the main aspects of supersymmetry to be preserved, namely the factorization of the Hamiltonian, the connections between eigenvalues and wave functions of the partner Hamiltonians. Two methods are proposed. The first one requires the extension of the usual rules via the concept of local equivalent potential. In this case, the superpotential becomes depending on the state. The second method, applicable when the potential depends linearly on the energy, is similar to what has been already achieved by means of the Darboux transform. -- Highlights: •Supersymmetry extended to energy dependent potentials. •Generalization of the concept of superpotential. •An alternative method used for linear E-dependence leads to the same results as Darboux transform.

  7. Deriving effective mesoscale potentials from atomistic simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dirk Reith; Mathias Puetz; Florian Mueller-Plathe

    2002-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate how an iterative method for potential inversion from distribution functions developed for simple liquid systems can be generalized to polymer systems. It uses the differences in the potentials of mean force between the distribution functions generated from a guessed potential and the true (simulated) distribution functions to improve the effective potential successively. The optimization algorithm is very powerful: convergence is reached for every trial function in few iterations. As an extensive test case we coarse-grained an atomistic all-atom model of poly (isoprene) (PI) using a 13:1 reduction of the degrees of freedom. This procedure was performed for PI solutions as well as for a PI melt. Comparisons of the obtained force fields are drawn. They prove that it is not possible to use a single force field for different concentration regimes.

  8. Energy saving potential of various roof technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Stephen D. (Stephen Douglas)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Unconventional roof technologies such as cool roofs and green roofs have been shown to reduce building heating and cooling load. Although previous studies suggest potential for energy savings through such technologies, ...

  9. Biodegradation Potential of Perfluorooctanoate and Perfluorooctane Sulfonate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thelakkat Kochunarayanan, Parvathy

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    and fluorine present in PFOA and PFOS makes them stable and resistant to conventional treatment processes. Several advanced chemical processes can degrade PFOA and PFOS under high temperatures and pressures or other extreme conditions. However, the potential...

  10. Copley Square : realizing its full potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haque, Reaz

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study is to form a basis for realizing the full potential of Copley Square, and also to establish an approach to the issues of preservation and revitalization of historic urban squares. The objective ...

  11. Informal Report PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF POTENTIAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brookhaven National Laboratory

    OF SEDIMENT DECONTAMINATION FACILITIES FOR NEW YORK/NEW JERSEY HARBOR Michael D. Rowe Robert C. Klein Keith W PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF POTENTIAL OCCUPATIONAL AND PUBLIC HEALTH IMPACTS OF SEDIMENT DECONTAMINATION

  12. Gate potential control of nanofluidic devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Coguic, Arnaud

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of an external gate potential control on the nanofluidic nanochannels was experimentally investigated in this work. Like in the field effect transistors (FET) in microelectronics, molecular transport in ...

  13. Molecular electrostatic potentials by systematic molecular fragmentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reid, David M.; Collins, Michael A. [Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)] [Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple method is presented for estimating the molecular electrostatic potential in and around molecules using systematic molecular fragmentation. This approach estimates the potential directly from the electron density. The accuracy of the method is established for a set of organic molecules and ions. The utility of the approach is demonstrated by estimating the binding energy of a water molecule in an internal cavity in the protein ubiquitin.

  14. Missing solution in a Cornell potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Castro, L.B., E-mail: luis.castro@pgfsc.ufsc.br [Departamento de Física, CFM, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 88040-900, Florianópolis - SC (Brazil); Castro, A.S. de, E-mail: castro@pq.cnpq.br [Departamento de Física e Química, Campus de Guaratinguetá, Universidade Estadual Paulista, 12516-410, Guaratinguetá - SP (Brazil)] [Departamento de Física e Química, Campus de Guaratinguetá, Universidade Estadual Paulista, 12516-410, Guaratinguetá - SP (Brazil)

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Missing bound-state solutions for fermions in the background of a Cornell potential consisting of a mixed scalar–vector–pseudoscalar coupling is examined. Charge-conjugation operation, degeneracy and localization are discussed. -- Highlights: •The Dirac equation with scalar–vector–pseudoscalar Cornell potential is investigated. •The isolated solution from the Sturm–Liouville problem is found. •Charge-conjugation operation, degeneracy and localization are discussed.

  15. Optimization of multi-pressure himidification-dehumidification desalination using thermal vapor compression and hybridization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mistry, Karan Hemant

    Humidification-dehumidification (HD or HDH) desalination, and specifically HD driven by a thermal vapor compressor (TVC), is a thermal desalination method that has the potential to produce potable water efficiently in order ...

  16. Reduction potentials of vesicle-bound viologens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yabin Lei; Hurst, J.K. (Oregon Graduate Inst. of Science and Technology, Beaverton (United States))

    1991-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermodynamic reduction potentials have been determined by using spectroelectrochemical and cyclic voltammetric methods for a homologous series of amphiphilic ciologens (N-methyl-N{prime}-alkyl-4,4{prime}-bipyridinium ions, C{sub n}MV{sup 2+}) in a variety of media, including dihexadecyl phosphate (DHP), dioctadecylimethylammonium, and phosphatidylcholine small unilamellar vesicles. In general, potentials for both one-electron steps, i.e., C{sub n}MV{sup 2+} + e{sup {minus}} {yields} C{sub n}MV{sup +} and C{sub n}MV{sup +} + e{sup {minus}} {yields} C{sub n}MV{sup 0}, were insensitive to the alkyl chain length, which was varied over the range n = 6{minus}20. The single exception was a large decrease ({approximately}100 mV) in the first reduction potential for DHP-bound viologens when the chain length was increased from n = 10 to n = 12; this effect was attributed to a change in binding topography. The magnitudes of the reduction potentials were highly dependent upon the vesicle charge; the pattern observed indicated that interfacial electrostatic interactions between the surfactant headgroups and bipyridinium rings were the dominant factors determining the potentials. As discussed in the text, the data allow resolution of several heretofore puzzling observations concerning viologen reactivities in microphase suspensions.

  17. Potential effects of gallium on cladding materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, D.F.; Beahm, E.C.; Besmann, T.M.; DeVan, J.H.; DiStefano, J.R.; Gat, U.; Greene, S.R.; Rittenhouse, P.L.; Worley, B.A.

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper identifies and examines issues concerning the incorporation of gallium in weapons derived plutonium in light water reactor (LWR) MOX fuels. Particular attention is given to the more likely effects of the gallium on the behavior of the cladding material. The chemistry of weapons grade (WG) MOX, including possible consequences of gallium within plutonium agglomerates, was assessed. Based on the calculated oxidation potentials of MOX fuel, the effect that gallium may have on reactions involving fission products and possible impact on cladding performance were postulated. Gallium transport mechanisms are discussed. With an understanding of oxidation potentials and assumptions of mechanisms for gallium transport, possible effects of gallium on corrosion of cladding were evaluated. Potential and unresolved issues and suggested research and development (R and D) required to provide missing information are presented.

  18. Potential inversion with subbarrier fusion data revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Hagino; Y. Watanabe

    2007-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We invert experimental data for heavy-ion fusion reactions at energies well below the Coulomb barrier in order to directly determine the internucleus potential between the colliding nuclei. In contrast to the previous applications of the inversion formula, we explicitly take into account the effect of channel couplings on fusion reactions, by assuming that fusion cross sections at deep subbarrier energies are governed by the lowest barrier in the barrier distribution. We apply this procedure to the $^{16}$O +$^{144}$Sm and $^{16}$O +$^{208}$Pb reactions, and find that the inverted internucleus potential are much thicker than phenomenological potentials. A relation to the steep fall-off phenomenon of fusion cross sections recently found at deep subbarrier energies is also discussed.

  19. False Vacuum Inflation with a Quartic Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Roberts; Andrew R Liddle; David H Lyth

    1994-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a variant of Hybrid Inflation, where inflation is driven by two interacting scalar fields, one of which has a `Mexican hat' potential and the other a quartic potential. Given the appropriate initial conditions one of the fields can be trapped in a false vacuum state, supported by couplings to the other field. The energy of this vacuum can be used to drive inflation, which ends when the vacuum decays to one of its true minima. Depending on parameters, it is possible for inflation to proceed via two separate epochs, with the potential temporarily steepening sufficiently to suspend inflation. We use numerical simulations to analyse the possibilities, and emphasise the shortcomings of the slow-roll approximation for analysing this scenario. We also calculate the density perturbations produced, which can have a spectral index greater than one.

  20. Boson stars: Chemical potential and quark condensates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jitesh R. Bhatt; V. Sreekanth

    2010-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the properties of a star made of self-gravitating bosons gas in a mean-field approximation. A generalized set of Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkov(TOV) equations is derived to incorporate the effect of chemical-potential in the general relativistic frame work. The metric-dependence of the chemical-potential gives a new class of solutions for the boson stars. It is demonstrated that the maximum mass and radius of the star change in a significant way when the effect of finite chemical-potential is considered. We also discuss the case of a boson star made of quark-condensates. It is found that when the self-interaction between the condensates is small as compared to their mass, the typical density is too high to form a diquark-boson star. Our results indicate that the star of quark-condensate may be formed in a low-density and high-pressure regime.

  1. Analytic models of plausible gravitational lens potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward A. Baltz; Phil Marshall; Masamune Oguri

    2008-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Gravitational lenses on galaxy scales are plausibly modelled as having ellipsoidal symmetry and a universal dark matter density profile, with a Sersic profile to describe the distribution of baryonic matter. Predicting all lensing effects requires knowledge of the total lens potential: in this work we give analytic forms for that of the above hybrid model. Emphasising that complex lens potentials can be constructed from simpler components in linear combination, we provide a recipe for attaining elliptical symmetry in either projected mass or lens potential. We also provide analytic formulae for the lens potentials of Sersic profiles for integer and half-integer index. We then present formulae describing the gravitational lensing effects due to smoothly-truncated universal density profiles in cold dark matter model. For our isolated haloes the density profile falls off as radius to the minus fifth or seventh power beyond the tidal radius, functional forms that allow all orders of lens potential derivatives to be calculated analytically, while ensuring a non-divergent total mass. We show how the observables predicted by this profile differ from that of the original infinite-mass NFW profile. Expressions for the gravitational flexion are highlighted. We show how decreasing the tidal radius allows stripped haloes to be modelled, providing a framework for a fuller investigation of dark matter substructure in galaxies and clusters. Finally we remark on the need for finite mass halo profiles when doing cosmological ray-tracing simulations, and the need for readily-calculable higher order derivatives of the lens potential when studying catastrophes in strong lenses.

  2. Analytic models of plausible gravitational lens potentials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baltz, Edward A.; Marshall, Phil; Oguri, Masamune, E-mail: eabaltz@slac.stanford.edu, E-mail: pjm@physics.ucsb.edu, E-mail: oguri@slac.stanford.edu [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Stanford University, PO Box 20450, MS29, Stanford, CA 94309 (United States)] [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Stanford University, PO Box 20450, MS29, Stanford, CA 94309 (United States)

    2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Gravitational lenses on galaxy scales are plausibly modelled as having ellipsoidal symmetry and a universal dark matter density profile, with a Sersic profile to describe the distribution of baryonic matter. Predicting all lensing effects requires knowledge of the total lens potential: in this work we give analytic forms for that of the above hybrid model. Emphasising that complex lens potentials can be constructed from simpler components in linear combination, we provide a recipe for attaining elliptical symmetry in either projected mass or lens potential. We also provide analytic formulae for the lens potentials of Sersic profiles for integer and half-integer index. We then present formulae describing the gravitational lensing effects due to smoothly-truncated universal density profiles in cold dark matter model. For our isolated haloes the density profile falls off as radius to the minus fifth or seventh power beyond the tidal radius, functional forms that allow all orders of lens potential derivatives to be calculated analytically, while ensuring a non-divergent total mass. We show how the observables predicted by this profile differ from that of the original infinite-mass NFW profile. Expressions for the gravitational flexion are highlighted. We show how decreasing the tidal radius allows stripped haloes to be modelled, providing a framework for a fuller investigation of dark matter substructure in galaxies and clusters. Finally we remark on the need for finite mass halo profiles when doing cosmological ray-tracing simulations, and the need for readily-calculable higher order derivatives of the lens potential when studying catastrophes in strong lenses.

  3. Analytic Models of Plausible Gravitational Lens Potentials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baltz, Edward A.; Marshall, Phil; Oguri, Masamune

    2007-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Gravitational lenses on galaxy scales are plausibly modeled as having ellipsoidal symmetry and a universal dark matter density profile, with a Sersic profile to describe the distribution of baryonic matter. Predicting all lensing effects requires knowledge of the total lens potential: in this work we give analytic forms for that of the above hybrid model. Emphasizing that complex lens potentials can be constructed from simpler components in linear combination, we provide a recipe for attaining elliptical symmetry in either projected mass or lens potential.We also provide analytic formulae for the lens potentials of Sersic profiles for integer and half-integer index. We then present formulae describing the gravitational lensing effects due to smoothly-truncated universal density profiles in cold dark matter model. For our isolated haloes the density profile falls off as radius to the minus fifth or seventh power beyond the tidal radius, functional forms that allow all orders of lens potential derivatives to be calculated analytically, while ensuring a non-divergent total mass. We show how the observables predicted by this profile differ from that of the original infinite-mass NFW profile. Expressions for the gravitational flexion are highlighted. We show how decreasing the tidal radius allows stripped haloes to be modeled, providing a framework for a fuller investigation of dark matter substructure in galaxies and clusters. Finally we remark on the need for finite mass halo profiles when doing cosmological ray-tracing simulations, and the need for readily-calculable higher order derivatives of the lens potential when studying catastrophes in strong lenses.

  4. Economic Energy Savings Potential in Federal Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Daryl R.; Dirks, James A.; Hunt, Diane M.

    2000-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary objective of this study was to estimate the current life-cycle cost-effective (i.e., economic) energy savings potential in Federal buildings and the corresponding capital investment required to achieve these savings, with Federal financing. Estimates were developed for major categories of energy efficiency measures such as building envelope, heating system, cooling system, and lighting. The analysis was based on conditions (building stock and characteristics, retrofit technologies, interest rates, energy prices, etc.) existing in the late 1990s. The potential impact of changes to any of these factors in the future was not considered.

  5. Time-dependent potential barriers and superarrivals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Karami; S. V. Mousavi

    2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Scattering of a Gaussian wavepacket from rectangular potential barriers with increasing widths or heights is studied numerically. It is seen that during a certain time interval the time-evolving transmission probability increases compared to the corresponding unperturbed cases. In the literature this effect is known as superarrival in transmission probability. We present a trajectory-based explanation for this effect by using the concept of quantum potential energy and computing a selection of Bohmian trajectories. Relevant parameters in superarrivals are determined for the case that the barrier width increases linearly during the dispersion of the wavepacket. Nonlinear in time perturbation is also considered.

  6. Thermo-quantum diffusion in periodic potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Tsekov

    2012-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum Brownian motion in a periodic cosine potential is studied and a simple estimate of the tunneling effect is obtained in the frames of a quasi-equilibrium semiclassical approach. It is shown that the latter is applicable for heavy particles but electrons cannot be described properly since the quantum effects dominate over the thermal ones. The purely quantum electron diffusion is investigated at zero temperature and demonstrates that electrons do not obey the classical Einstein law of Brownian motion in the field of periodic potentials, since the dispersion of the wave packet increases logarithmically in time.

  7. Designer Gravity and Field Theory Effective Potentials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hertog, Thomas; Horowitz, Gary T. [Department of Physics, UCSB, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

    2005-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by the anti-de Sitter conformal field theory correspondence, we show that there is remarkable agreement between static supergravity solutions and extrema of a field theory potential. For essentially any function V({alpha}) there are boundary conditions in anti--de Sitter space so that gravitational solitons exist precisely at the extrema of V and have masses given by the value of V at these extrema. Based on this, we propose new positive energy conjectures. On the field theory side, each function V can be interpreted as the effective potential for a certain operator in the dual field theory.

  8. Quantum Electric Field Fluctuations and Potential Scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Haiyun

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Some physical effects of time averaged quantum electric field fluctuations are discussed. The one loop radiative correction to potential scattering are approximately derived from simple arguments which invoke vacuum electric field fluctuations. For both above barrier scattering and quantum tunneling, this effect increases the transmission probability. It is argued that the shape of the potential determines a sampling function for the time averaging of the quantum electric field operator. We also suggest that there is a nonperturbative enhancement of the transmission probability which can be inferred from the probability distribution for time averaged electric field fluctuations.

  9. Correlation of action potentials in adjacent neurons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shneider, M N

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A possible mechanism for the synchronization of action potential propagation along a bundle of neurons (ephaptic coupling) is considered. It is shown that this mechanism is similar to the salutatory conduction of the action potential between the nodes of Ranvier in myelinated axons. The proposed model allows us to estimate the scale of the correlation, i.e., the distance between neurons in the nervous tissue, wherein their synchronization becomes possible. The possibility for experimental verification of the proposed model of synchronization is discussed.

  10. Controlled potential polarography in tributyl phosphate 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karnes, John Herbert

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Characterization of Cupric Ion. F. A Characterization of Uranyl Ion. 45 51 G. Other Ions. V. CONCLUSTliNS. LITERATURE CITED. 66 LIST OF TABLES Table Page I. Physical Properties of Tributyl Phosphate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 II. Determination... Height to Concentration of Uranyl Ion, . 52 XV. The Effect of Time on the Half-wave Potential and n-Value for Uranyl Ion, XVI. Ion Resolution. XVII. Half-Wave Potentials of First Derivative Polerograms at Various Scen Rates in 0. 1OM LiC104 in TBP...

  11. Property:PotentialCSPArea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGeneration Jump to: navigation, search PropertyPotentialCSPArea Jump to:

  12. Property:PotentialCSPCapacity | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGeneration Jump to: navigation, search PropertyPotentialCSPArea Jump

  13. Property:PotentialCSPGeneration | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGeneration Jump to: navigation, search PropertyPotentialCSPArea

  14. RESEARCH REPORT Test-Potentiated Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDermott, Kathleen

    RESEARCH REPORT Test-Potentiated Learning: Distinguishing Between Direct and Indirect Effects of Tests Kathleen M. Arnold and Kathleen B. McDermott Washington University in St. Louis The facilitative effect of retrieval practice, or testing, on the probability of later retrieval has been the focus

  15. POTENTIAL ENERGY SAVINGS OF MULTIVESSEL BATCH DISTILLATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    POTENTIAL ENERGY SAVINGS OF MULTIVESSEL BATCH DISTILLATION Bernd Wittgens and Sigurd Skogestad 1, Norway ABSTRACT ­ A conventional batch distillation column operated under feedback control applying the proposed policy is compared to the multivessel batch distillation column. In some cases we found

  16. POTENTIAL ENERGY SAVINGS OF MULTIVESSEL BATCH DISTILLATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    POTENTIAL ENERGY SAVINGS OF MULTIVESSEL BATCH DISTILLATION Bernd Wittgens and Sigurd Skogestad 1, Norway ABSTRACT - A conventional batch distillation column operated under feedback control applying the proposed policy is compared to the multivessel batch distillation column. In some cases we found

  17. ELEC4705 Fall 2009 Periodic Potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smy, Tom

    .5) Figure 2. Parabolic energies for free electrons In this solution there are set of solutions denoted by n.3. Summery of Energies and Wavefunctions in Various Potentials 13 3 #12;4 TOM SMY, DEVICES MATERIALS: #12;TOM SMY, DEVICES MATERIALS AND PROPERTIES 5 · A solution very similar to a plane wave for free

  18. The Sign Problem via Imaginary Chemical Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Splittorff; B. Svetitsky

    2007-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate an analogue of the average phase factor of the staggered fermion determinant at imaginary chemical potential. Our results from the lattice agree well with the analytical predictions in the microscopic regime for both quenched and phase-quenched QCD. We demonstrate that the average phase factor in the microscopic domain is dominated by the lowest-lying Dirac eigenvalues.

  19. Center for Diesel Research Potential Efficiency Improvement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Center for Diesel Research Potential Efficiency Improvement by Accessory Load Reduction on Hybrid University of Minnesota Center for Diesel Research #12;Center for Diesel Research Acknowledgements · Jeff;Center for Diesel Research Transit Energy Use and Cost · 633 M gallons diesel used for US transit in 2010

  20. ESTIMATING LIQUEFACTION POTENTIAL IN MID-AMERICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    construction and even more important for retrofit/remedial studies for existing construction because of the potential cost to improve liquefiable soils. The cone penetration test (CPT) offers many advantages over and soil index properties. Relationships were presented for clean sands, silty sands, and silty sands

  1. The Hyperfine Einstein-Infeld-Hoffmann Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rafael A. Porto; Ira Z. Rothstein

    2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We use recently developed effective field theory techniques to calculate the third order post-Newtonian correction to the spin-spin potential between two spinning objects. This correction represents the first contribution to the spin-spin interaction due to the non-linear nature of general relativity and will play an important role in forthcoming gravity wave experiments.

  2. INVERSION OF REFLECTIVITY DATA FOR NONDECAYING POTENTIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ray reflectometry, thin film structure, material prop­ erties of thin films, phase identification, surfaces University Ames, IA 50011 Abstract: The recovery of material properties of thin films is considered­line and asymptotic to a positive constant. The reconstruction of such a potential is studied in terms

  3. CHAPTER NO. FULLY NONLINEAR POTENTIAL FLOW MODELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grilli, Stéphan T.

    approaches pursued were based on using : (i) linear or nonlinear Shallow Water Wave equations (Carrier approaches. Griffiths et al. 28 1992, compared measurements of internal kinematics of periodic waves shoalingCHAPTER NO. FULLY NONLINEAR POTENTIAL FLOW MODELS USED FOR LONG WAVE RUNUP PREDICTION (S. Grilli

  4. Spatial resolution in vector potential photoelectron microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Browning, R. [R. Browning Consultants, 1 Barnhart Place, Shoreham, New York 11786 (United States)] [R. Browning Consultants, 1 Barnhart Place, Shoreham, New York 11786 (United States)

    2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The experimental spatial resolution of vector potential photoelectron microscopy is found to be much higher than expected because of the cancellation of one of the expected contributions to the point spread function. We present a new calculation of the spatial resolution with support from finite element ray tracing, and experimental results.

  5. Potential of innovative ceramics for turbine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potential of innovative ceramics for turbine applications. A. Jankowiak, R. Valle, M. Parlier ODAS ceramics for turbine applications. Potentiel de céramiques innovantes pour des applications turbines par A. Jankowiak, R. Valle, M. Parlier Résumé traduit : L'amélioration du rendement thermique des turbines à gaz d

  6. Growing Sandalwood in Nepal--Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    Growing Sandalwood in Nepal--Potential Silvicultural Methods and Research Priorities1 Peter E. Neil 2 Abstract: Interest in sandalwood has increased recently in Nepal as a result of a royal directive establishment of sandalwood in Nepal. The silvicultural methods discussed could well be of use to other

  7. Potential for seasonal power oversupply in 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    202013 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Potential for seasonal power oversupply in 2013 BPA has estimated the amount of wind generation that could be...

  8. Potential Carriers andPotential Carriers and Approaches for HydrogenApproaches for Hydrogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Refueling Type On-Board Storage Type Compressed Gaseous Hydrogen · Pipeline · Low-P Tube Trailer · HighPotential Carriers andPotential Carriers and Approaches for HydrogenApproaches for Hydrogen © 2007 TIAX LLC Hydrogen Delivery Analysis Meeting May 8-9, 2007 Columbia, Maryland Matthew Hooks Stefan

  9. Potential for Biofuel-based Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation: Rationale and Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    1 Potential for Biofuel-based Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation: Rationale and Potential By Bruce biofuel usage. Biofuel feedstocks are a source of raw material that can be transformed into petroleum for coal. In the USA, liquid fuel biofuel production has not proven to be broadly economically feasible

  10. Scattering solutions of the Klein Gordon equation for a step potential with hyperbolic tangent potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clara Rojas

    2014-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We solve the Klein-Gordon equation for a step potential with hyperbolic tangent potential. The scattering solutions are derived in terms of hypergeometric functions. The reflection coefficient R and transmission coefficient T are calculated, we observed superradiance and transmission resonances.

  11. An eddy closure for potential vorticity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ringler, Todd D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Gent-McWilliams (GM) parameterization is extended to include a direct influence in the momentum equation. The extension is carried out in two stages; an analysis of the inviscid system is followed by an analysis of the viscous system. In the inviscid analysis the momentum equation is modified such that potential vorticity is conserved along particle trajectories following a transport velocity that includes the Bolus velocity in a manner exactly analogous to the continuity and tracer equations. In addition (and in contrast to traditional GM closures), the new formulation of the inviscid momentum equation results in a conservative exchange between potential and kinetic forms of energy. The inviscid form of the eddy closure conserves total energy to within an error proportional to the time derivative of the Bolus velocity. The hypothesis that the viscous term in the momentum equation should give rise to potential vorticity being diffused along isopycnals in a manner analogous to other tracers is examined in detail. While the form of the momentum closure that follows from a strict adherence to this hypothesis is not immediately interpretable within the constructs of traditional momentum closures, three approximations to this hypothesis results in a form of dissipation that is consistent with traditional Laplacian diffusion. The first two approximations are that relative vorticity, not potential vorticity, is diffused along isopyncals and that the flow is in approximate geostrophic balance. An additional approximation to the Jacobian term is required when the dissipation coefficient varies in space. More importantly, the critique of this hypothesis results in the conclusion that the viscosity parameter in the momentum equation should be identical to the tradition GM closure parameter {Kappa}. Overall, we deem the viscous form of the eddy closure for potential vorticity as a viable closure for use in ocean circulation models.

  12. Semimetalic graphene in a modulated electric potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. H. Ho; Y. H. Chiu; S. J. Tsai; M. F. Lin

    2008-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The $\\pi$-electronic structure of graphene in the presence of a modulated electric potential is investigated by the tight-binding model. The low-energy electronic properties are strongly affected by the period and field strength. Such a field could modify the energy dispersions, destroy state degeneracy, and induce band-edge states. It should be noted that a modulated electric potential could make semiconducting graphene semimetallic, and that the onset period of such a transition relies on the field strength. There exist infinite Fermi-momentum states in sharply contrast with two crossing points (Dirac points) for graphene without external fields. The finite density of states (DOS) at the Fermi level means that there are free carriers, and, at the same time, the low DOS spectrum exhibits many prominent peaks, mainly owing to the band-edge states.

  13. A Potential Window to the GUT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James E. Lidsey

    1994-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The possibility that the form of the inflationary potential can be reconstructed from a knowledge of the primordial power spectra of scalar (density) and tensor (gravity wave) perturbations is discussed and reviewed. It is suggested that measurements of the scalar spectral index and the amplitude of the tensor spectrum at one scale should be possible in the near future. This would be sufficient to determine whether the potential is convex or concave over the limited region relevant to the formation of large-scale structure in the universe. Such information would provide an `observation' of physics at energy scales above $10^{14}$GeV. $^*$Invited talk presented at {\\em The Second Alexander Friedmann International Seminar on Gravitation and Cosmology, St. Petersburg, Russia, 12th-19th September 1993.}

  14. Spectral statistics for weakly correlated random potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frédéric Klopp

    2012-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We study localization and derive stochastic estimates (in particular, Wegner and Minami estimates) for the eigenvalues of weakly correlated random discrete Schr\\"odinger operators in the localized phase. We apply these results to obtain spectral statistics for general discrete alloy type models where the single site perturbation is neither of finite rank nor of fixed sign. In particular, for the models under study, the random potential exhibits correlations at any range.

  15. Industrial Energy Conservation Potentials in North Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barakat, M. G.; Singh, H.; Mallik, A. K.

    potentials, resulting from reducing lighting levels and improving lamps efficiency, exist in most manufactu ring facilities. Turning lights off in unoccupied areas is the most attractive lighting ECO, because the savings are considerable and the pay... and low pressure sodium, and metal halide have a high efficacy (lumen per Watt), and are recommended in places where lighting is needed for long periods of time. These lamps require a relatively long warm-up period before they can produce sufficient...

  16. Background on Net Acid or ARD Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boisvert, Jeff

    sulphur species · AP (kg CaCO3/tonne) = 31.25 x S (%) · Measured value for the Neutralization Potential, which assumes all carbon in the sample occurs as calcite (CaCO3): · NP (total C) = %C x 83.3 · When NP as follows: · NPR = NP/AP · NNP = NP ­ AP (kg CaCO3/tonne) #12;01-4 NAG Method · The NAG test involves

  17. Techniques for remotely sensing watershed runoff potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Jerry Don

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Techniques for Remotely Sensing Watershed Runoff Potential. (August 1978) Jerry Don Walker, B. S. , Texas ASM University Directed by: Dr. Bruce J. Blanchard The Soil Conservation Service runoff equation is widely used for predicting the watershed runoff... cases, no outflow occurs through the spillway of an overdes1gned structure. Since evaporation losses are high 1n these areas, the salinity of the water stored in the structure gradually increases with time. With insufficient flow through...

  18. Yukawa particles in a confining potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Girotto, Matheus, E-mail: matheus.girotto@ufrgs.br; Levin, Yan, E-mail: levin@if.ufrgs.br [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Caixa Postal 15051, CEP 91501-970, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Santos, Alexandre P. dos, E-mail: alexandreps@ufcspa.edu.br [Departamento de Educação e Informação em Saúde, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, 90050-170, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 88040-900, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina (Brazil); Colla, Thiago, E-mail: thiago.colla@ufrgs.br [Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna, Boltzmanngasse 5, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)

    2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the density distribution of repulsive Yukawa particles confined by an external potential. In the weak coupling limit, we show that the mean-field theory is able to accurately account for the particle distribution. In the strong coupling limit, the correlations between the particles become important and the mean-field theory fails. For strongly correlated systems, we construct a density functional theory which provides an excellent description of the particle distribution, without any adjustable parameters.

  19. Finite Temperature Phase Transition in $?^6$ potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatem Widyan

    2008-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The temperature dependance of the action in the thin-wall and thick-wall limits is obtained analytically for the $\\phi^6$ scalar potential. The nature of the phase transition is investigated from the quantum tunnelling regime at low temperatures to the thermal hopping regime at high temperatures. It is first-order for the case of a thin wall while for the thick wall it is second- order.

  20. Nonlinear Lattice Waves in Random Potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergej Flach

    2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Localization of waves by disorder is a fundamental physical problem encompassing a diverse spectrum of theoretical, experimental and numerical studies in the context of metal-insulator transition, quantum Hall effect, light propagation in photonic crystals, and dynamics of ultra-cold atoms in optical arrays. Large intensity light can induce nonlinear response, ultracold atomic gases can be tuned into an interacting regime, which leads again to nonlinear wave equations on a mean field level. The interplay between disorder and nonlinearity, their localizing and delocalizing effects is currently an intriguing and challenging issue in the field. We will discuss recent advances in the dynamics of nonlinear lattice waves in random potentials. In the absence of nonlinear terms in the wave equations, Anderson localization is leading to a halt of wave packet spreading. Nonlinearity couples localized eigenstates and, potentially, enables spreading and destruction of Anderson localization due to nonintegrability, chaos and decoherence. The spreading process is characterized by universal subdiffusive laws due to nonlinear diffusion. We review extensive computational studies for one- and two-dimensional systems with tunable nonlinearity power. We also briefly discuss extensions to other cases where the linear wave equation features localization: Aubry-Andre localization with quasiperiodic potentials, Wannier-Stark localization with dc fields, and dynamical localization in momentum space with kicked rotors.

  1. Polymer escape from a confining potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harri Mökkönen; Timo Ikonen; Tapio Ala-Nissila; Hannes Jónsson

    2015-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The rate of escape of polymers from a two-dimensionally confining potential well has been evaluated using self-avoiding as well as ideal chain representations of varying length, up to 80 beads. Long timescale Langevin trajectories were calculated using the path integral hyperdynamics method to evaluate the escape rate. A minimum is found in the rate for self-avoiding polymers of intermediate length while the escape rate decreases monotonically with polymer length for ideal polymers. The increase in the rate for long, self-avoiding polymers is ascribed to crowding in the potential well which reduces the free energy escape barrier. An effective potential curve obtained using the centroid as an independent variable was evaluated by thermodynamic averaging and Kramers rate theory then applied to estimate the escape rate. While the qualitative features are well reproduced by this approach, it significantly overestimates the rate, especially for the longer polymers. The reason for this is illustrated by constructing a two-dimensional effective energy surface using the radius of gyration as well as the centroid as controlled variables. This shows that the description of a transition state dividing surface using only the centroid fails to confine the system to the region corresponding to the free energy barrier and this problem becomes more pronounced the longer the polymer is. A proper definition of a transition state for polymer escape needs to take into account the shape as well as the location of the polymer.

  2. 3-D Combustion Simulation Strategy Status, Future Potential,...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Combustion Simulation Strategy Status, Future Potential, and Application Issues 3-D Combustion Simulation Strategy Status, Future Potential, and Application Issues 2004 Diesel...

  3. Mexico - Greenhouse Gas Emissions Baselines and Reduction Potentials...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico - Greenhouse Gas Emissions Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Agency...

  4. Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume (liters) Total Export Profits ($) HDI Rank GDP/ cap Corrupt Rank FDI

  5. Potential Impacts of Hydrokinetic and Wave Energy Conversion...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Potential Impacts of Hydrokinetic and Wave Energy Conversion Technologies on Aquatic Environments Potential Impacts of Hydrokinetic and Wave Energy Conversion Technologies on...

  6. age potential role: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    old, 12-month old, and adult) based on auditory event-related potentials Reilly, James P. 7 Differential Gene Expression between Sensory Neocortical Areas: Potential Roles...

  7. The Potential Benefits of Distributed Generation and the Rate...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The Potential Benefits of Distributed Generation and the Rate-Related Issues That May Impede Its Expansion The Potential Benefits of Distributed Generation and the Rate-Related...

  8. Potential Oil Production from the Coastal Plain of the Arctic...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Potential Oil Production from the Coastal Plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Updated Assessment Executive Summary This Service Report, Potential Oil Production from the...

  9. Potential Oil Production from the Coastal Plain of the Arctic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Potential Oil Production from the Coastal Plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Updated Assessment Preface Potential Oil Production from the Coastal Plain of the Arctic...

  10. Energy Department Releases Report, Evaluates Potential for Wind...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Department Releases Report, Evaluates Potential for Wind Power in All 50 States Energy Department Releases Report, Evaluates Potential for Wind Power in All 50 States May...

  11. Meeting Concerning Potential Test Procedures and Energy Conservation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Meeting Concerning Potential Test Procedures and Energy Conservation Standards for Set-Top Boxes and Network Equipment Meeting Concerning Potential Test Procedures and Energy...

  12. agonists potential utility: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    will present possibilities for development and deployment of solar energy. We will use Kosovo to compare the existing power production potential and future possible potential by...

  13. apoptosis inducing potential: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    will present possibilities for development and deployment of solar energy. We will use Kosovo to compare the existing power production potential and future possible potential by...

  14. aryl azides potential: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    will present possibilities for development and deployment of solar energy. We will use Kosovo to compare the existing power production potential and future possible potential by...

  15. Economic Potential of CHP in Detroit Edison Service Area: The...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Economic Potential of CHP in Detroit Edison Service Area: The Customer Perspective, June 2003 Economic Potential of CHP in Detroit Edison Service Area: The Customer Perspective,...

  16. Mechanisms controlling soil carbon turnover and their potential...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mechanisms controlling soil carbon turnover and their potential application for enhancing carbon sequestration . Mechanisms controlling soil carbon turnover and their potential...

  17. All-Boron Aromatic Clusters as Potential New Inorganic Ligands...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Boron Aromatic Clusters as Potential New Inorganic Ligands and Building Blocks in Chemistry. All-Boron Aromatic Clusters as Potential New Inorganic Ligands and Building Blocks in...

  18. Inner-Helmholtz Potential Development at the Hematite (alpha...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    used to predict inner-Helmholtz potentials of hematite electrodes. Citation: Boily JF, SME Chatman, and KM Rosso.2011."Inner-Helmholtz Potential Development at the Hematite...

  19. Breakthrough Berkeley Mist Sealant Technology: Potential to Save...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Breakthrough Berkeley Mist Sealant Technology: Potential to Save Americans 5B Per Year Breakthrough Berkeley Mist Sealant Technology: Potential to Save Americans 5B Per Year...

  20. Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and Avoid GHG Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Technical Potential of...

  1. Carbon Emissions Reduction Potential in the US Chemicals and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Carbon Emissions Reduction Potential in the US Chemicals and Pulp and Paper Industries by Applying CHP Technologies, June 1999 Carbon Emissions Reduction Potential in the US...

  2. Isospectral partners for a complex PT-invariant potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anjana Sinha; Rajkumar Roychoudhury

    2002-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct isospectral partner potentials of a complex PT-invariant potential, viz., V(x) = V_1 sech ^2 x - i V_2 sech x tanh x using Darboux's method. Oneset of isospectral potentials are obatined which can be termed 'Satellite potentials', in the sense that they are pf the same form as the original potential. In a particular case, the supersymmetric partner potential has the same spectrum, including the zero energy ground state, a fact which cannot occur in conventional supersymmetric quantum mechanics with real potential. An explicit example of a non-trivial set of isospectral potential is also obtained.

  3. Midstream Infrastructure Improvements Key to Realizing Full Potential...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Midstream Infrastructure Improvements Key to Realizing Full Potential of Domestic Natural Gas Midstream Infrastructure Improvements Key to Realizing Full Potential of Domestic...

  4. Potential Effect of Pollutantn Emissions on Global Warming: First...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Potential Effect of Pollutantn Emissions on Global Warming: First Comparisong Using External Costs on Urban Buses Potential Effect of Pollutantn Emissions on Global Warming: First...

  5. Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013 Peer Review Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013 Peer Review...

  6. Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013 Peer Review Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013 Peer Review Emerging Technologies...

  7. FUEL CYCLE POTENTIAL WASTE FOR DISPOSITION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, J.

    2011-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States (U.S.) currently utilizes a once-through fuel cycle where used nuclear fuel (UNF) is stored on-site in either wet pools or in dry storage systems with ultimate disposal in a deep mined geologic repository envisioned. Within the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE), the Fuel Cycle Research and Development Program (FCR&D) develops options to the current commercial fuel cycle management strategy to enable the safe, secure, economic, and sustainable expansion of nuclear energy while minimizing proliferation risks by conducting research and development of advanced fuel cycles, including modified open and closed cycles. The safe management and disposition of used nuclear fuel and/or nuclear waste is a fundamental aspect of any nuclear fuel cycle. Yet, the routine disposal of used nuclear fuel and radioactive waste remains problematic. Advanced fuel cycles will generate different quantities and forms of waste than the current LWR fleet. This study analyzes the quantities and characteristics of potential waste forms including differing waste matrices, as a function of a variety of potential fuel cycle alternatives including: (1) Commercial UNF generated by uranium fuel light water reactors (LWR). Four once through fuel cycles analyzed in this study differ by varying the assumed expansion/contraction of nuclear power in the U.S. (2) Four alternative LWR used fuel recycling processes analyzed differ in the reprocessing method (aqueous vs. electro-chemical), complexity (Pu only or full transuranic (TRU) recovery) and waste forms generated. (3) Used Mixed Oxide (MOX) fuel derived from the recovered Pu utilizing a single reactor pass. (4) Potential waste forms generated by the reprocessing of fuels derived from recovered TRU utilizing multiple reactor passes.

  8. FUEL CYCLE POTENTIAL WASTE FOR DISPOSITION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, R.; Carter, J.

    2010-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States (U.S.) currently utilizes a once-through fuel cycle where used nuclear fuel (UNF) is stored on-site in either wet pools or in dry storage systems with ultimate disposal in a deep mined geologic repository envisioned. Within the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE), the Fuel Cycle Research and Development Program (FCR&D) develops options to the current commercial fuel cycle management strategy to enable the safe, secure, economic, and sustainable expansion of nuclear energy while minimizing proliferation risks by conducting research and development of advanced fuel cycles, including modified open and closed cycles. The safe management and disposition of used nuclear fuel and/or nuclear waste is a fundamental aspect of any nuclear fuel cycle. Yet, the routine disposal of used nuclear fuel and radioactive waste remains problematic. Advanced fuel cycles will generate different quantities and forms of waste than the current LWR fleet. This study analyzes the quantities and characteristics of potential waste forms including differing waste matrices, as a function of a variety of potential fuel cycle alternatives including: (1) Commercial UNF generated by uranium fuel light water reactors (LWR). Four once through fuel cycles analyzed in this study differ by varying the assumed expansion/contraction of nuclear power in the U.S; (2) Four alternative LWR used fuel recycling processes analyzed differ in the reprocessing method (aqueous vs. electro-chemical), complexity (Pu only or full transuranic (TRU) recovery) and waste forms generated; (3) Used Mixed Oxide (MOX) fuel derived from the recovered Pu utilizing a single reactor pass; and (4) Potential waste forms generated by the reprocessing of fuels derived from recovered TRU utilizing multiple reactor passes.

  9. Theoretical studies of potential energy surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harding, L.B. [Argonne National Laboratory, IL (United States)

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this program is to calculate accurate potential energy surfaces (PES) for both reactive and nonreactive systems. To do this the electronic Schrodinger equation must be solved. Our approach to this problem starts with multiconfiguration self-consistent field (MCSCF) reference wavefunctions. These reference wavefunctions are designed to be sufficiently flexible to accurately describe changes in electronic structure over a broad range of geometries. Electron correlation effects are included via multireference, singles and doubles configuration interaction (MRSDCI) calculations. With this approach, the authors are able to provide useful predictions of the energetics for a broad range of systems.

  10. The fuel conservation potential of Texas vanpools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, Dennis Vernon

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of transportation, but the concept is still celativelv new to most people. A vanpool is best described as a group of 8 co 12 employees with geographically cluscered residences who share che expense of owning and operating a van in which they commute to work (1... conservation potential of vanpooling. Please answer all of the questions to the best of your ability; then return the questionnaire to your company's vanpool program administrator. Company's Name Locati. on 1. How far is your daily roundtrip commute...

  11. Quantum potential energy as concealed motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Holland

    2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    It is known that the Schroedinger equation may be derived from a hydrodynamic model in which the Lagrangian position coordinates of a continuum of particles represent the quantum state. Using Routh\\s method of ignorable coordinates it is shown that the quantum potential energy of particle interaction that represents quantum effects in this model may be regarded as the kinetic energy of additional concealed freedoms. The method brings an alternative perspective to Planck\\s constant, which plays the role of a hidden variable, and to the canonical quantization procedure, since what is termed kinetic energy in quantum mechanics may be regarded literally as energy due to motion.

  12. Potential underground risks associated with CAES.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirk, Matthew F.; Webb, Stephen Walter; Broome, Scott Thomas; Pfeifle, Thomas W.; Grubelich, Mark Charles; Bauer, Stephen J.

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CAES in geologic media has been proposed to help 'firm' renewable energy sources (wind and solar) by providing a means to store energy when excess energy was available, and to provide an energy source during non-productive renewable energy time periods. Such a storage media may experience hourly (perhaps small) pressure swings. Salt caverns represent the only proven underground storage used for CAES, but not in a mode where renewable energy sources are supported. Reservoirs, both depleted natural gas and aquifers represent other potential underground storage vessels for CAES, however, neither has yet to be demonstrated as a functional/operational storage media for CAES.

  13. FERC sees huge potential for demand response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The FERC study concludes that U.S. peak demand can be reduced by as much as 188 GW -- roughly 20 percent -- under the most aggressive scenario. More moderate -- and realistic -- scenarios produce smaller but still significant reductions in peak demand. The FERC report is quick to point out that these are estimates of the potential, not projections of what could actually be achieved. The main varieties of demand response programs include interruptible tariffs, direct load control (DLC), and a number of pricing schemes.

  14. Potential applications of microscopy for steam coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeVanney, K.F.; Clarkson, R.J.

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical microscopy has been an extremely useful tool for many industrial sectors in the past. This paper introduces some of the potential applications of using coal and fly ash carbon microscopy for the combustion process and steam coal industry. Coal and fly ash carbon microscopic classification criteria are described. Plant sample data are presented which demonstrate that these techniques can be useful for coal selection and for problem solving in the coal-fired power plant environment. Practical recommendations for further study are proposed.

  15. Physics Potential of Future Atmospheric Neutrino Searches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Schwetz

    2008-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The potential of future high statistics atmospheric neutrino experiments is considered, having in mind currently discussed huge detectors of various technologies (water Cerekov, magnetized iron, liquid Argon). I focus on the possibility to use atmospheric data to determine the octant of $\\theta_{23}$ and the neutrino mass hierarchy. The sensitivity to the $\\theta_{23}$-octant of atmospheric neutrinos is competitive (or even superior) to long-baseline experiments. I discuss the ideal properties of a fictitious atmospheric neutrino detector to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy.

  16. Renewable Energy Technical Potential | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form History FacebookRegenesys HoldingsRenewablePotential: Renewable energy

  17. Potential for Data Center Efficiency Improvements

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in235-1Department of60 DATE:AnnualDepartment ofPotentialYield Mapping of-

  18. Potential Land Use Implications of a Global Biofuels Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurgel, Angelo C.

    In this paper we investigate the potential production and implications of a global biofuels industry. We

  19. Inertial fusion: strategy and economic potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nuckolls, J.H.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inertial fusion must demonstrate that the high target gains required for practical fusion energy can be achieved with driver energies not larger than a few megajoules. Before a multi-megajoule scale driver is constructed, inertial fusion must provide convincing experimental evidence that the required high target gains are feasible. This will be the principal objective of the NOVA laser experiments. Implosions will be conducted with scaled targets which are nearly hydrodynamically equivalent to the high gain target implosions. Experiments which demonstrate high target gains will be conducted in the early nineties when multi-megajoule drivers become available. Efficient drivers will also be demonstrated by this time period. Magnetic fusion may demonstrate high Q at about the same time as inertial fusion demonstrates high gain. Beyond demonstration of high performance fusion, economic considerations will predominate. Fusion energy will achieve full commercial success when it becomes cheaper than fission and coal. Analysis of the ultimate economic potential of inertial fusion suggests its costs may be reduced to half those of fission and coal. Relative cost escalation would increase this advantage. Fusions potential economic advantage derives from two fundamental properties: negligible fuel costs and high quality energy (which makes possible more efficient generation of electricity).

  20. Experimental constraints on the $?$-nucleus real potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Friedrich; K. Makonyi; V. Metag; D. Bayadilov; B. Bantes; R. Beck; Y. A. Beloglazov; S. Böse; K. -T. Brinkmann; Th. Challand; V. Crede; T. Dahlke; F. Dietz; P. Drexler; H. Eberhardt; D. Elsner; R. Ewald; K. Fornet-Ponse; F. Frommberger; Ch. Funke; M. Gottschall; A. Gridnev; M. Grüner; E. Gutz; Ch. Hammann; D. Hammann; J. Hannappel; J. Hartmann; W. Hillert; S. Hirenzaki; P. Hoffmeister; Ch. Honisch; I. Jaegle; D. Kaiser; H. Kalinowsky; S. Kammer; I. Keshelashvili; V. Kleber; F. Klein; B. Krusche; M. Lang; I. V. Lopatin; Y. Maghrbi; M. Nanova; H. Nagahiro; J. Müller; T. Odenthal; D. Piontek; T. Rostomyan; S. Schaepe; Ch. Schmidt; H. Schmieden; R. Schmitz; T. Seifen; A. Thiel; U. Thoma; H. van Pee; D. Walther; J. Weil; Ch. Wendel; U. Wiedner; A. Wilson; A. Winnebeck; F. Zenke

    2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In a search for $\\omega$ mesic states, the production of $\\omega$-mesons in coincidence with forward going protons has been studied in photon induced reactions on $^{12}$C for incident photon energies of 1250 - 3100 MeV. The $\\pi^0 \\gamma$ pairs from decays of bound or quasi-free $\\omega$-mesons have been measured with the CBELSA/TAPS detector system in coincidence with protons registered in the MiniTAPS forward array. Structures in the total energy distribution of the $\\pi^0 \\gamma$ pairs, which would indicate the population and decay of bound $\\omega~^{11}$B states, are not observed. The $\\pi^0 \\gamma$ cross section of 0.3 nb/MeV/sr observed in the bound state energy regime between -100 and 0 MeV may be accounted for by yield leaking into the bound state regime because of the large in-medium width of the $\\omega$-meson. A comparison of the measured total energy distribution with calculations suggests the real part $V_0$ of the $\\omega~^{11}$B potential to be small and only weakly attractive with $V_0(\\rho=\\rho_0) = -15\\pm$ 35(stat) $\\pm$20(syst) MeV in contrast to some theoretical predictions of attractive potentials with a depth of 100 - 150 MeV.

  1. Neutrino factories: realization and physics potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geer, S.; /Fermilab; Zisman, M.S.; /LBL, Berkeley

    2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino Factories offer an exciting option for the long-term neutrino physics program. This new type of neutrino facility will provide beams with unique properties. Low systematic uncertainties at a Neutrino Factory, together with a unique and precisely known neutrino flavor content, will enable neutrino oscillation measurements to be made with unprecedented sensitivity and precision. Over recent years, the resulting neutrino factory physics potential has been discussed extensively in the literature. In addition, over the last six years the R&D necessary to realize a Neutrino Factory has been progressing, and has developed into a significant international activity. It is expected that, within about five more years, the initial phase of this R&D program will be complete and, if the community chooses to build this new type of neutrino source within the following decade, neutrino factory technology will be ready for the final R&D phase prior to construction. In this paper (1) an overview is given of the technical ingredients needed for a Neutrino Factory, (2) beam properties are described, (3) the resulting neutrino oscillation physics potential is summarized, (4) a more detailed description is given for one representative Neutrino Factory design, and (5) the ongoing R&D program is summarized, and future plans briefly described.

  2. Global empirical potentials from purely rotational measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dattani, Nikesh S; Sun, Ming; Johnson, Erin R; Roy, Robert J Le; Ziurys, Lucy M

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent advent of chirped-pulse FTMW technology has created a plethora of pure rotational spectra for molecules for which no vibrational information is known. The growing number of such spectra demands a way to build empirical potential energy surfaces for molecules, without relying on any vibrational measurements. Using ZnO as an example, we demonstrate a powerful technique for efficiently accomplishing this. We first measure eight new ultra-high precision ($\\pm2$ kHz) pure rotational transitions in the $X$-state of ZnO. Combining them with previous high-precision ($\\pm50$ kHz) pure rotational measurements of different transitions in the same system, we have data that spans the bottom 10\\% of the well. Despite not using any vibrational information, our empirical potentials are able to determine the size of the vibrational spacings and bond lengths, with precisions that are more than three and two orders of magnitude greater, respectively, than the most precise empirical values previously known, and the mo...

  3. Potential Refrigerants for Power Electronics Cooling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starke, M.R.

    2005-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    In the past, automotive refrigerants have conventionally been used solely for the purpose of air conditioning. However, with the development of hybrid-electric vehicles and the incorporation of power electronics (PEs) into the automobile, automotive refrigerants are taking on a new role. Unfortunately, PEs have lifetimes and functionalities that are highly dependent on temperature and as a result thermal control plays an important role in the performance of PEs. Typically, PEs are placed in the engine compartment where the internal combustion engine (ICE) already produces substantial heat. Along with the ICE heat, the additional thermal energy produced by PEs themselves forces designers to use different cooling methods to prevent overheating. Generally, heat sinks and separate cooling loops are used to maintain the temperature. Disturbingly, the thermal control system can consume one third of the total volume and may weigh more than the PEs [1]. Hence, other avenues have been sought to cool PEs, including submerging PEs in automobile refrigerants to take advantage of two-phase cooling. The objective of this report is to explore the different automotive refrigerants presently available that could be used for PE cooling. Evaluation of the refrigerants will be done by comparing environmental effects and some thermo-physical properties important to two-phase cooling, specifically measuring the dielectric strengths of potential candidates. Results of this report will be used to assess the different candidates with good potential for future use in PE cooling.

  4. ANALYSIS OF CHP POTENTIAL AT FEDERAL SITES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HADLEY, S.W.

    2002-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This document was prepared at the request of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) under its Technical Guidance and Assistance and Project Financing Programs. The purpose was to provide an estimate of the national potential for combined heat and power (also known as CHP; cogeneration; or cooling, heating, and power) applications at federal facilities and the associated costs and benefits including energy and emission savings. The report provides a broad overview for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and other agencies on when and where CHP systems are most likely to serve the government's best interest. FEMP's mission is to reduce the cost to and environmental impact of the federal government by advancing energy efficiency and water conservation, promoting the use of renewable energy, and improving utility management decisions at federal sites. FEMP programs are driven by its customers: federal agency sites. FEMP monitors energy efficiency and renewable energy technology developments and mounts ''technology-specific'' programs to make technologies that are in strong demand by agencies more accessible. FEMP's role is often one of helping the federal government ''lead by example'' through the use of advanced energy efficiency/renewable energy (EERE) technologies in its own buildings and facilities. CHP was highlighted in the Bush Administration's National Energy Policy Report as a commercially available technology offering extraordinary benefits in terms of energy efficiencies and emission reductions. FEMP's criteria for emphasizing a technology are that it must be commercially available; be proven but underutilized; have a strong constituency and momentum; offer large energy savings and other benefits of interest to federal sites and FEMP mission; be in demand; and carry sufficient federal market potential. As discussed in the report, CHP meets all of these criteria. Executive Order 13123 directs federal facilities to use CHP when life-cycle costs indicate energy reduction goals will be met. FEMP can assist facilities to conduct this analysis. The model developed for this report estimates the magnitude of CHP that could be implemented under various performance and economic assumptions associated with different applications. This model may be useful for other energy technologies. It can be adapted to estimate the market potential in federal buildings for any energy system based on the cost and performance parameters that a user desires to assess. The model already incorporates a standard set of parameters based on available data for federal buildings including total building space, building type, energy use intensity, fuel costs, and the performance of many prime movers commonly used in CHP applications. These and other variables can be adjusted to meet user needs or updated in the future as new data become available.

  5. Constituent gluons and the static quark potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greensite, Jeff

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We suggest that Hamiltonian matrix elements between physical states in QCD might be approximated, in Coulomb gauge, by "lattice-improved" tree diagrams; i.e. tree diagram contributions with dressed ghost, transverse gluon, and Coulomb propagators obtained from lattice simulations. Such matrix elements can be applied to a variational treatment of hadronic states which include constituent gluons. As an illustration and first application of this hybrid approach, we derive a variational estimate of the heavy quark potential for distances up to 2.5 fm. The Coulomb string tension in SU(3) gauge theory is about a factor of four times greater than the asymptotic string tension. In our variational approach, using for simplicity a single variational parameter, we can reduce this overshoot by nearly the factor required. The building blocks of our approach are Coulomb gauge propagators, and in this connection we present new lattice results for the ghost and transverse gluon propagators in position space.

  6. Constituent gluons and the static quark potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeff Greensite; Adam P. Szczepaniak

    2015-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We suggest that Hamiltonian matrix elements between physical states in QCD might be approximated, in Coulomb gauge, by "lattice-improved" tree diagrams; i.e. tree diagram contributions with dressed ghost, transverse gluon, and Coulomb propagators obtained from lattice simulations. Such matrix elements can be applied to a variational treatment of hadronic states which include constituent gluons. As an illustration and first application of this hybrid approach, we derive a variational estimate of the heavy quark potential for distances up to 2.5 fm. The Coulomb string tension in SU(3) gauge theory is about a factor of four times greater than the asymptotic string tension. In our variational approach, using for simplicity a single variational parameter, we can reduce this overshoot by nearly the factor required. The building blocks of our approach are Coulomb gauge propagators, and in this connection we present new lattice results for the ghost and transverse gluon propagators in position space.

  7. Neutron sources: Present practice and future potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cierjacks, S.; Smith, A.B.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present capability and future potential of accelerator-based monoenergetic and white neutron sources are outlined in the context of fundamental and applied neutron-nuclear research. The neutron energy range extends from thermal to 500 MeV, and the time domain from steady-state to pico-second pulsed sources. Accelerator technology is summarized, including the production of intense light-ion, heavy-ion and electron beams. Target capabilities are discussed with attention to neutron-producing efficiency and power-handling capabilities. The status of underlying neutron-producing reactions is summarized. The present and future use of neutron sources in: fundamental neutron-nuclear research, nuclear data acquisition, materials damage studies, engineering tests, and biomedical applications are discussed. Emphasis is given to current status, near-term advances well within current technology, and to long-range projections. 90 refs., 4 figs.

  8. Mixed potential sensors for CO monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mukundan, R. (Rangachary); Brosha, E. L. (Eric L.); Garzon, F. H. (Fernando H.)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A carbon monoxide sensor based on the phenomenon of 'mixed-potential' has been developed. The sensor consists of platinum and gold wire-electrodes embedded in a Ce{sub 0.8}Gd{sub 0.2}O{sub 1.9} electrolyte. The sensor response to 500 ppm of CO in room air is {approx} 100 mV at 400 C. The response time to 90% of level is < 5 sec and the response is stable over a period of several months. Moreover, the sensor to sensor reproducibility of these controlled-interface sensors is excellent. The sensor in combination with an activated carbon filter shows great promise for application as a room air CO monitor.

  9. TO EVALUATE BATH-TUB POTENTIAL SUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estes Gulch. Disposal Cell; Morrison Knudsen Corporation

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses additional field testing that is considered necessary to confirm the permeabilities of the bedrock at the Estes Gulch Disposal site. The proposed field efforts also provide for follow-up monitoring during and immediately following construction. This will ensure that the effects of remaining uncertainties regarding foundation permeabilities and other geohydrologic factors will not violate the integrity of the Disposal Cell or can be remedied during the latter stages of construction to preclude potential problems. Furthermore, the results obtained by the proposed testing and monitoring may allow us to relax the stringency of the radon cover permeability requirement and achieve lower cost in constructing the radon barrier. concepts and field program presented here supplement the information-presented in the recently completed report: "Evaluation of Surficial Soil-and Rock

  10. Potential adverse health effects of wood smoke

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierson, W.E.; Koenig, J.Q.; Bardana, E.J. Jr.

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of wood stoves has increased greatly in the past decade, causing concern in many communities about the health effects of wood smoke. Wood smoke is known to contain such compounds as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, aldehydes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and fine respirable particulate matter. All of these have been shown to cause deleterious physiologic responses in laboratory studies in humans. Some compounds found in wood smoke--benzo(a)pyrene and formaldehyde--are possible human carcinogens. Fine particulate matter has been associated with decreased pulmonary function in children and with increased chronic lung disease in Nepal, where exposure to very high amounts of wood smoke occurs in residences. Wood smoke fumes, taken from both outdoor and indoor samples, have shown mutagenic activity in short-term bioassay tests. Because of the potential health effects of wood smoke, exposure to this source of air pollution should be minimal.29 references.

  11. Cogeneration development and market potential in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, F.; Levine, M.D.; Naeb, J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Xin, D. [State Planning Commission of China, Beijing, BJ (China). Energy Research Inst.

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China`s energy production is largely dependent on coal. China currently ranks third in global CO{sub 2} emissions, and rapid economic expansion is expected to raise emission levels even further in the coming decades. Cogeneration provides a cost-effective way of both utilizing limited energy resources and minimizing the environmental impacts from use of fossil fuels. However, in the last 10 years state investments for cogeneration projects in China have dropped by a factor of 4. This has prompted this study. Along with this in-depth analysis of China`s cogeneration policies and investment allocation is the speculation that advanced US technology and capital can assist in the continued growth of the cogeneration industry. This study provides the most current information available on cogeneration development and market potential in China.

  12. Interior cavern conditions and salt fall potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munson, D.E.; Molecke, M.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Myers, R.E. [Strategic Petroleum Reserve, New Orleans, LA (United States)

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A relatively large number of salt caverns are used for fluid hydrocarbon storage, including an extensive set of facilities in the Gulf Coast salt domes for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Program. Attention is focused on the SPR caverns because of available histories that detail events involving loss and damage of the hanging string casing. The total number of events is limited, making the database statistically sparse. The occurrence of the events is not evenly distributed, with some facilities, and some caverns, more susceptible than others. While not all of these events could be attributed to impacts from salt falls, many did show the evidence of such impacts. As a result, a study has been completed to analyze the potential for salt falls in the SPR storage caverns. In this process, it was also possible to deduce some of the cavern interior conditions. Storage caverns are very large systems in which many factors could possibly play a part in casing damage. In this study, all of the potentially important factors such as salt dome geology, operational details, and material characteristics were considered, with all being logically evaluated and most being determined as secondary in nature. As a result of the study, it appears that a principal factor in determining a propensity for casing damage from salt falls is the creep and fracture characteristics of salt in individual caverns. In addition the fracture depends strongly upon the concentration of impurity particles in the salt. Although direct observation of cavern conditions is not possible, the average impurity concentration and the accumulation of salt fall material can be determined. When this is done, there is a reasonable correlation between the propensity for a cavern to show casing damage events and accumulation of salt fall material. The accumulation volumes of salt fall material can be extremely large, indicating that only a few of the salt falls are large enough to cause impact damage.

  13. A map for eccentric orbits in triaxial potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Touma; S. Tremaine

    1997-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a simple symplectic map to study the dynamics of eccentric orbits in non-spherical potentials. The map offers a dramatic improvement in speed over traditional integration methods, while accurately representing the qualitative details of the dynamics. We focus attention on planar, non-axisymmetric power-law potentials, in particular the logarithmic potential. We confirm the presence of resonant orbit families (``boxlets'') in this potential and uncover new dynamics such as the emergence of a stochastic web in nearly axisymmetric logarithmic potentials. The map can also be applied to triaxial, lopsided, non-power-law and rotating potentials.

  14. Effect of propane-air on NGVs and vehicle fueling stations. Topical report, January 1-October 1, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liss, W.E.; Moulton, D.S.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Propane-air (P/A) peakshaving is an important element of peak-load management for some U.S. gas utilities. P/A is used as a supplemental energy medium with natural gas and has been shown to operate satisfactorily in most natural gas applications. The propane levels injected are compatible with the pressures (under 200 psig) and temperatures (over 40 F) found in utility distribution networks. However, P/A can create problems for natural gas vehicles (NGVs) operating on compressed gas as well as NGV fueling stations. This report contains information on P/A peakshaving and its compatibility with NGVs by documenting condensation impacts at nine conditions--i.e., three propane levels and three temperatures. These data portray the depressurization of a vehicle tank, an area selected because it illustrates NGV operation and can discriminate between acceptable and potentially non-acceptable operating points. These analyses show, not surprisingly, a correlation exists between propane level, ambient temperature, and condensation.

  15. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    June 2014 State Incentives Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates Biofuels Investment Tax Credit Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Financing Excise Tax...

  16. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Fuel Use Requirement Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Production Support and Procurement State Energy Plan Alternative Fuel Requirements Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Deregulation...

  17. Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle Activity: Natural Gas Engine and Vehicle Research & Development (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet describes the status of the Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle (NGNGV) activity, including goals, R&D progress, NGV implementation, and the transition to hydrogen.

  18. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    recovery NGTDM Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module CSAPR Cross-State Air Pollution Rule NGV Natural gas vehicle CSAPR Cross-State Air Pollution Rule NHTSA National...

  19. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Rebate Citizens Gas & Coke Utility (Citizens) offers rebates for qualified compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicle conversions or for the purchase of an...

  20. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Idle Reduction and Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Weight Exemption Any motor vehicle equipped with an auxiliary power unit or other idle reduction technology may exceed the gross,...

  1. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Production Support and Procurement In 2011, Wyoming joined Arkansas, Colorado, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Mississippi, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma,...

  2. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Infrastructure Rebate - Oklahoma Natural Gas Oklahoma Natural Gas (ONG) offers rebates for NGVs purchased or converted on or after June 18, 2012, in...

  3. REGULATORY COOPERATION COUNCIL - WORK PLANNING FORMAT: Natural...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    FORMAT: Natural Gas Use in Transportation REGULATORY COOPERATION COUNCIL - WORK PLANNING FORMAT: Natural Gas Use in Transportation RCC Workplan NGV.PDF More Documents &...

  4. Do You Plan to Have Children? The Incidence of Potentially Illegal Questions during Resident Interviews

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hern, Jr., H. Gene; Alter, Harrison J.; Wills, Charlotte P.; Snoey, Eric R.; Simon, Barry C.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Incidence of Potentially Illegal Questions During Residentor sexual preferences are potentially illegal. Littlethe prevalence of potentially illegal questions based on

  5. Hawaii Bioenergy Master Plan Potential Environmental Impacts of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawaii Bioenergy Master Plan Potential Environmental Impacts of Bioenergy Development in Hawaii of the potential environmental impacts associated with bioenergy development in Hawaii was conducted as part included the characterization of the general environmental impacts and issues associated with bioenergy

  6. Energy Department Releases Report, Evaluates Potential for Wind...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Releases Report, Evaluates Potential for Wind Power in All 50 States Energy Department Releases Report, Evaluates Potential for Wind Power in All 50 States May 19, 2015 - 11:38am...

  7. The mouse visually evoked potential : neural correlates and functional applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muhammad, Rahmat

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The visually evoked potential (VEP) is a local field potential (LFP) evoked in visual cortex in response to visual stimuli. Unlike extracellular single unit recordings, which allow us to probe the function of single spiking ...

  8. One Gravitational Potential or Two? Forecasts and Tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertschinger, Edmund

    The metric of a perturbed Robertson–Walker space–time is characterized by three functions: a scale-factor giving the expansion history and two potentials that generalize the single potential of Newtonian gravity. The ...

  9. action potential evoked: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    old, 12-month old, and adult) based on auditory event-related potentials Reilly, James P. 15 Perfect Actions with Chemical Potential HEP - Lattice (arXiv) Summary: We show...

  10. As of: September 2005 Waste Incineration --A Potential Danger?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    As of: September 2005 Waste Incineration -- A Potential Danger? Bidding Farewell to Dioxin Spouting #12;2 Waste Incineration -- A Potential Danger? Bidding Farewell to Dioxin Spouting In the eighties

  11. Potential for the Use of Energy Savings Performance Contracts...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Potential for the Use of Energy Savings Performance Contracts to Reduce Energy Consumption and Provide Energy and Cost Savings in Non-Building Applications Potential for the Use of...

  12. Geothermal Discovery Offers Hope for More Potential Across the...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Discovery Offers Hope for More Potential Across the Country Geothermal Discovery Offers Hope for More Potential Across the Country October 17, 2012 - 12:50pm Addthis The solution...

  13. analysis yields potential: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the a3 R u and 13 R g states of Li2 has yielded accurate analytic potential energy functions for both states. The recommended M3LR8:0 5;33? potential for the a3...

  14. Metastatic potential of melanoma cells is not affected by electrochemotherapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ljubljana, University of

    Metastatic potential of melanoma cells is not affected by electrochemotherapy Vesna Todorovica in the treatment of malignant melanoma. However, the effect of electrochemotherapy on the metastatic potential of human malignant melanoma cells. Cells treated by electrochemotherapy with cisplatin were tested

  15. Scattering amplitudes for multi-indexed extensions of solvable potentials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ho, C.-L. [Department of Physics, Tamkang University, Tamsui 251, Taiwan, ROC (China); Lee, J.-C., E-mail: jcclee@cc.nctu.edu.tw [Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, ROC (China); Sasaki, R. [Center for Theoretical Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC (China); Department of Physics, Shinshu University, Matsumoto 390-8621 (Japan)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    New solvable one-dimensional quantum mechanical scattering problems are presented. They are obtained from known solvable potentials by multiple Darboux transformations in terms of virtual and pseudo virtual wavefunctions. The same method applied to confining potentials, e.g.  Pöschl–Teller and the radial oscillator potentials, has generated the multi-indexed Jacobi and Laguerre polynomials. Simple multi-indexed formulas are derived for the transmission and reflection amplitudes of several solvable potentials. -- Highlights: •Scattering amplitudes calculated for infinitely many new solvable potentials. •New scattering potentials obtained by deforming six known solvable potentials. •Multiple Darboux transformations in terms of (pseudo) virtual states employed. •Scattering amplitudes checked to obey the shape invariance relation. •Errors in scattering amplitudes of some undeformed potentials in the literature corrected.

  16. "CENTRU" REGION Natural and Antropic Potential Development Perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    fauna, flora, geologic, and geomorphic variety 43 % of the Romanian protected areas can be found"CENTRU" REGION Natural and Antropic Potential ­ Development Perspectives REGIUNEA CENTRU Potential natural si antropic- Perspective de dezvoltare SIMION CRETU Agentia pentru Dezvoltare Regionala CENTRU

  17. Reception of longitudinal vector potential radiation with a plasma antenna

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zimmerman, Robert K. Jr. [Sigma Space Corporation, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 8800 Greenbelt Road, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States)] [Sigma Space Corporation, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 8800 Greenbelt Road, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States)

    2013-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    To help resolve the long-running debate between physicists and engineers regarding the existence of the magnetic vector potential, herewith we describe an experiment demonstrating reception of time-harmonic vector potential radiation at 1.3 GHz.

  18. Myanmar-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Myanmar-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Myanmar-Status and Potential for...

  19. Modeling and inversion of self-potential data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minsley, Burke J

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation presents data processing techniques relevant to the acquisition, modeling, and inversion of self-potential data. The primary goal is to facilitate the interpretation of self-potentials in terms of the ...

  20. Infrared absorption spectra, radiative efficiencies, and global warming potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    Infrared absorption spectra, radiative efficiencies, and global warming potentials absorption spectra, radiative efficiencies, and global warming potentials of perfluorocarbons: Comparison. (1995) and combined with atmospheric lifetimes from the literature to determine global warming

  1. Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India: Economic and Policy Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Assessment of Potential for Wind Farms in India, RenewableNetworks for Offshore Wind Farms, Bremen, Germany, 14-15Assessment of Potential for Wind Farms in India, Renewable

  2. New Model Demonstrates Offshore Wind Industry's Job Growth Potential...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Model Demonstrates Offshore Wind Industry's Job Growth Potential New Model Demonstrates Offshore Wind Industry's Job Growth Potential May 18, 2015 - 3:11pm Addthis The U.S....

  3. assessing potential dietary: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    largest contributors to the supply chain carbon footprint Masanet, Eric 2010-01-01 14 Assessing the Potential of Ride-Sharing Using Mobile and Social Data Assessing the Potential...

  4. Potential Operating Orbits for the SAFE-400

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Houts, Mike; Kos, Larry; Poston, David [NASA MSFC, TD40, Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama, 35812 (United States)

    2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Safety must be ensured during all phases of space fission system design, development, fabrication, launch, operation, and shutdown. One potential space fission system application is fission electric propulsion (FEP), in which fission energy is converted into electricity and used to power high efficiency (Isp > 3000 s) electric thrusters. For these types of systems it is important to determine which operational scenarios ensure safety while allowing maximum mission performance and flexibility. Space fission systems are essentially non-radioactive at launch, prior to extended operation at high power. Once high power operation begins, system radiological inventory steadily increases as fission products build up. For a given fission product isotope, the maximum radiological inventory is typically achieved once the system has operated for a length of time equivalent to several half-lives. After that time, the isotope decays at the same rate it is produced, and no further inventory builds in. For an FEP mission beginning in Earth orbit, altitude and orbital lifetime increase as the propulsion system operates. Two simultaneous effects of fission propulsion system operation are thus (1) increasing fission product inventory and (2) increasing orbital lifetime. Phrased differently, as fission products build up, more time is required for the fission products to naturally convert back into non-radioactive isotopes. Simultaneously, as fission products build up, orbital lifetime increases, providing more time for the fission products to naturally convert back into nonradioactive isotopes. Operational constraints required to ensure safety can thus be quantified. (authors)

  5. Energy conservation in Kenya: progress, potentials, problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schipper, L.; Hollander, J.M.; Milukas, M.; Alcamo, J.; Meyers, S.; Noll, S.

    1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A study was carried out of the flows of commercial energy in the economy of Kenya. Indications were sought of the extent to which energy conservation, (i.e., increase in efficiency of energy use) has reduced the ratio of energy inputs to economic outputs, in the post-1973 years. An assessment was made of the potential for energy conservation to reduce the growth of Kenyan energy use in the future and of significant barriers to increasing energy efficiency. Consideration was given to the role of government policy and of international assistance in fostering energy conservation in Kenya and other developing countries. The study was performed by analyzing available energy data and statistics from the largest oil companies, the Kenyan electric utility, and the government. These sources were supplemented by conducting personal interviews with personnel of nearly 50 commercial firms in Kenya. Direct consumption of fuel accounts for 94% of the commercial energy use in Kenya, while electricity accounts for 6%. The sectoral division of fuel use is: transportation 53%, industry 21%, energy production 11%, agriculture 9%, buildings and residences 5%, and construction 1%. For electricity the division is: buildings and residences 48%, industry 45%, energy production 4%, agriculture 2%, and construction 1%. Recent progress in conservation is reported.

  6. Niger delta deepwater region petroleum potential assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, D. [Thomas and Associates, Hastings (United Kingdom)

    1995-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    On behalf of the Nigerian Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources some 23,000 km of high quality 192 channel, 96 fold seismic, and associated gravity and magnetic data were acquired by TGSI-Mabon Geophysical Co. and made available to the industry in 1991. These data were collected over all deepwater blocks in conjunction with the planned 1993 license round. Later, during 1993 and 1994 TGSI with Mabon Ltd. and Stratum Petroleum Services extended the program onto the shelf (7,000 km) and into the ultra deepwater areas (6,400 km), making possible modern studies of the entire offshore delta complex. In assessing the petroleum potential of an undrilled region, it is useful to refer to analogous basins or provinces already with histories of hydrocarbon exploration and discovery. With this in mind, and using limited data from the already drilled areas of Nigeria offshore, the adjacent West Africa salt basin and Brazil in particular, an attempt is made to discuss the hydrocarbon habitat of the undrilled Niger delta deepwater offshore sedimentary sequences.

  7. Potential of Securitization in Solar PV Finance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lowder, T.; Mendelsohn, M.

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report aims to demonstrate, hypothetically and at a high level, what volumes of solar deployment could be supported given solar industry access to the capital markets in the form of security issuance. Securitization is not anticipated to replace tax equity in the near- to mid-term, but it could provide an additional source of funds that would be comparatively inexpensive and could reduce the weighted average cost of capital for a given solar project or portfolio. Thus, the potential to securitize solar assets and seek financing in the capital markets could help to sustain the solar industry when the investment tax credit (ITC) -- one of the federal incentives that has leveraged billions of dollars of private capital in the solar industry -- drops from 30% to 10% at the close of 2016. The report offers analysis on the size of the U.S. third-party financed solar market, as well as on the volumes (in MW) of solar asset origination possible through a $100 million securitization fund (assuming no overcollateralization). It also provides data on the size of the relevant securities markets and how the solar asset class may fit into these markets.

  8. Perturbative antibrane potentials in heterotic M theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, James [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris and APC, Universite de Paris 7, 98 bis, Bd. Arago 75014, Paris (France); Lukas, Andre [Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom); Ovrut, Burt [Department of Physics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6395 (United States)

    2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive the perturbative four-dimensional effective theory describing heterotic M theory with branes and antibranes in the bulk space. The backreaction of both the branes and antibranes is explicitly included. To first order in the heterotic {epsilon}{sub S} expansion, we find that the forces on branes and antibranes vanish and that the Kachru-Kallosh-Linde-Trivedi (KKLT) procedure of simply adding to the supersymmetric theory the probe approximation to the energy density of the antibrane reproduces the correct potential. However, there are additional nonsupersymmetric corrections to the gauge-kinetic functions and matter terms. The new correction to the gauge-kinetic functions is important in a discussion of moduli stabilization. At second order in the {epsilon}{sub S} expansion, we find that the forces on the branes and antibranes become nonvanishing. These forces are not precisely in the naive form that one may have anticipated and, being second order in the small parameter {epsilon}{sub S}, they are relatively weak. This suggests that moduli stabilization in heterotic models with antibranes is achievable.

  9. Current-potential characteristics of electrochemical systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Battaglia, V.S.

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation contains investigations in three distinct areas. Chapters 1 and 2 provide an analysis of the effects of electromagnetic phenomena during the initial stages of cell discharge. Chapter 1 includes the solution to Maxwell`s equations for the penetration of the axial component of an electric field into an infinitely long cylindrical conductor. Chapter 2 contains the analysis of the conductor included in a radial circuit. Chapter 3 provides a complete description of the equations that describe the growth of an oxide film. A finite difference program was written to solve the equations. The system investigated is the iron/iron oxide in a basic, aqueous solution. Chapters 4 and 5 include the experimental attempts for replacing formaldehyde with an innocuous reducing agent for electroless deposition. In chapter 4, current-versus-voltage curves are provided for a sodium thiosulfate bath in the presence of a copper disk electrode. Also provided are the cathodic polarization curves of a copper/EDTA bath in the presence of a copper electrode. Chapter 5 contains the experimental results of work done with sodium hypophosphite as a reducing agent. Mixed-potential-versus-time curves for solutions containing various combinations of copper sulfate, nickel chloride, and hypophosphite in the presence of a palladium disk electrode provide an indication of the reducing power of the solutions.

  10. Potential hydrologic characterization wells in Amargosa Valley

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyles, B.; Mihevc, T.

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    More than 500 domestic, agricultural, and monitoring wells were identified in the Amargosa Valley. From this list, 80 wells were identified as potential hydrologic characterization wells, in support of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Underground Test Area/Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study (UGTA/RIFS). Previous hydrogeologic studies have shown that groundwater flow in the basin is complex and that aquifers may have little lateral continuity. Wells located more than 10 km or so from the Nevada Test Site (NTS) boundary may yield data that are difficult to correlate to sources from the NTS. Also, monitoring well locations should be chosen within the guidelines of a hydrologic conceptual model and monitoring plan. Since these do not exist at this time, recompletion recommendations will be restricted to wells relatively close (approximately 20 km) to the NTS boundary. Recompletion recommendations were made for two abandoned agricultural irrigation wells near the town of Amargosa Valley (previously Lathrop Wells), for two abandoned wildcat oil wells about 10 km southwest of Amargosa Valley, and for Test Well 5 (TW-5), about 10 km east of Amargosa Valley.

  11. World Biofuels Assessment; Worldwide Biomass Potential: Technology Characterizations (Milestone Report)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bain, R. L.

    2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Milestone report prepared by NREL to estimate the worldwide potential to produce and transport ethanol and other biofuels.

  12. Tachyonic potential in Bianchi type-I universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. K. Suresh

    2003-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated from recent string theoretic results, a tachyonic potential is constructed for a spatially homogeneous and anisotropic background cosmology.

  13. assessing potential health: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Technical Report Energy Efficiency Potential Study. Technical Report Energy Efficiency Renewable Energy Technologies Transportation Assessment of Household Carbon Footprint...

  14. An ab initio method for locating potential energy minima

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bock, Nicolas [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Peery, Travis [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Venneri, Giulia [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chisolm, Eric [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wallace, Duane [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lizarraga, Raquel [CHILE; Holmstrom, Erik [CHILE

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the potential energy landscape underlying the motion of monatomic liquids by quenching from random initial configurations (stochastic configurations) to the nearest local minimum of the potential energy. We show that this procedure reveals the underlying potential energy surface directly. This is in contrast to the common technique of quenching from a molecular dynamics trajectory which does not allow a direct view of the underlying potential energy surface, but needs to be corrected for thermodynamic weighting factors.

  15. Renewable Energy Potential for Brownfield Redevelopment Strategies (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mosey, G.

    2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This poster, submitted for the Brownfields 2006 conference, discusses the renewable energy potential for brownfield redevelopment strategies.

  16. Potential Flow Calculations of Axisymmetric Ducted Wind Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Widnall, Sheila

    2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An incompressible potential-flow vortex method has been constructed to analyze the flow field of a ducted

  17. Multi electron species and shielding potentials in plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khan, Arroj A.; Murtaza, G. [Salam Chair in Physics, Government College University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Rasheed, A.; Jamil, M. [Department of Physics, Government College University, Faisalabad 38000 (Pakistan)

    2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The phenomenon of Debye shielding is investigated in electron ion plasmas using the approach of two temperature electrons. We get different profiles of potential for different parameters and observe that the potentials fall very slowly than the standard Coulomb and Debye potentials. The importance of work is pointed out in the introduction.

  18. Biomass Potentials from California Forest and Shrublands Including Fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biomass Potentials from California Forest and Shrublands Including Fuel Reduction Potentials-04-004 February 2005 Revised: October 2005 Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor, State of California #12;Biomass Tiangco, CEC Bryan M. Jenkins, University of California #12;Biomass Potentials from California Forest

  19. Formal definition of POTENTIAL ENERGY (valid for conservative forces only)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    page - 16 Formal definition of POTENTIAL ENERGY (valid for conservative forces only) Given one type of conservative force F UB - UA= - = - Definition of 'Potential energy difference" conserv #12;page - 17 the definition of the "potential energy difference UB - UA " as equal to negative value of the work W done

  20. Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India: Economic and Policy Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    this study, wind energy potential for turbines at 80m, 100m,wind energy potential due to better technology in the form of higher efficiency, hub heights, and sizes of wind turbines.wind energy potential is higher than currently believed. Those aspects are 1) the rapidly improving wind turbine

  1. Resuspension potential of surficial sediments in Saguenay Fjord (Quebec, Canada)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Bernard

    Resuspension potential of surficial sediments in Saguenay Fjord (Que´bec, Canada) Ann-Laure Moreau Fjord. Because this turbidite covered contaminated sediments, the resuspension potential of surficial. The resuspension potential of surficial sediments in Saguenay Fjord was investigated in situ over a 3- yr period

  2. Wood Fuel Future: The Potential Web Text December 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood Fuel Future: The Potential Web Text 31st December 2010 Wood Fuel Future: The Potential Wood Fuel Future : The Potential Renewable Energy is a key part of our Energy Policy. This UK Government by 2020. This should reduce carbon emissions from fossil fuel by 60% by the year 2050. The Welsh Assembly

  3. PT symmetry of a conditionally exactly solvable potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anjana Sinha; Geza Levai; Pinaki Roy

    2004-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A conditionally exactly solvable potential, the supersymmetric partner of the harmonic oscillator is investigated in the PT-symmetric setting. It is shown that a number of properties characterizing shape-invariant and Natanzon-class potentials generated by an imaginary coordinate shift $x-{\\rm i}\\epsilon$ also hold for this potential outside the Natanzon class.

  4. Global warming potentials and radiative efficiencies of halocarbons and related

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    Global warming potentials and radiative efficiencies of halocarbons and related compounds 7A=E472C43AD.A0794E 0794E:CA27C725 AD383CADE64E7 #12;1 Global Warming Potentials and Radiative of REs and global39 warming potentials (GWPs) for these compounds, mostly employing atmospheric lifetimes

  5. The Potential Wind Power Resource in Australia: A New Perspective*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Potential Wind Power Resource in Australia: A New Perspective* Willow Hallgren, Udaya Bhaskar: globalchange@mit.edu Website: http://globalchange.mit.edu/ #12;The Potential Wind Power Resource in Australia density, and analyzes the variation of these characteristics with current and potential wind turbine hub

  6. Potential Flow Modelling for Wind Turbines Shane Cline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Potential Flow Modelling for Wind Turbines by Shane Cline B.Sc., University of Toledo, 2003 M means, without the permission of the author. #12;ii Potential Flow Modelling for Wind Turbines by Shane potential flow methods are a promising alternative to mainstream wind turbine aerodynamics tools

  7. The Potential Wind Power Resource in Australia: A New Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Potential Wind Power Resource in Australia: A New Perspective Willow Hallgren, Udaya Bhaskar;1 The Potential Wind Power Resource in Australia: A New Perspective Willow Hallgren* , Udaya Bhaskar Gunturu intermittency can potentially be mitigated by the aggregation of geographically dispersed wind farms. Our

  8. New Techniques for the Construction of Residue Potentials for Protein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumaier, Arnold

    New Techniques for the Construction of Residue Potentials for Protein Folding Arnold Neumaier­lattice protein folding studies. Our potential is a function of the amino acid labels and of the distances between­ rium geometries can determine the true effective potential energy function. Keywords. protein folding

  9. Regional Assessment of Tsunami Potential in the Gulf of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ten Brink, Uri S.

    Regional Assessment of Tsunami Potential in the Gulf of Mexico Report to the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program #12;#12;Regional Assessment of Tsunami Potential in the Gulf of Mexico Report should be cited as: Regional Assessment of Tsunami Potential in the Gulf of Mexico: U.S. Geological

  10. Circadian- and light-dependent regulation of resting membrane potential and spontaneous action potential firing of Drosophila circadian pacemaker neurons.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheeba, Vasu; Gu, Huaiyu; Sharma, Vijay K; O'Dowd, Diane K; Holmes, Todd C

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    oscillations in membrane potential mediated by L-type voltage-voltage- gated channels and that sodium channel activity also contrib- utes to generation of slow-wave oscillations (voltage-gated calcium channels also contribute to spontaneous (and evoked) action potentials and or low-frequency membrane potential oscillations,

  11. Assessing the Potential of Ride-Sharing Using Mobile and Social Data Assessing the Potential of Ride-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markopoulou, Athina

    Impact - Pollution - Traffic - High car expenses Assessing the Potential of Ride-Sharing Using Mobile Using Mobile and Social Data Goal: Assess Ride-Sharing Potential o Q: How many cars can be removed ? o Goal: Assess Ride-Sharing Potential o Q: How many cars can be removed ? o Ideal Data: · For all people

  12. Potential incorporation of transuranics into uranium phases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, C. W.; Wronkiewicz, D. J.; Buck, E. C.

    1999-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The UO{sub 2} in spent nuclear fuel is unstable under moist oxidizing conditions and will be altered to uranyl oxide hydrate phases. The transuranics released during the corrosion of spent fuel may also be incorporated into the structures of secondary U{sup 6+} phases. The incorporation of radionuclides into alteration products will affect their mobility. A series of precipitation tests were conducted at either 150 or 90 C for seven days to determine the potential incorporation of Ce{sup 4+} and Nd{sup 3+} (surrogates for Pu{sup 4+} and Am{sup 3+}, respectively) into uranium phases. Ianthinite ([U{sub 2}{sup 4+}(UO{sub 2}){sub 4}O{sub 6}(OH){sub 4}(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}](H{sub 2}O){sub 5}) was produced by dissolving uranium oxyacetate in a solution containing copper acetate monohydrate as a reductant. The leachant used in these tests were doped with either 2.1 ppm cerium or 399 ppm neodymium. Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) analysis of the solid phase reaction products which were dissolved in a HNO{sub 3} solution indicates that about 306 ppm Ce (K{sub d} = 146) was incorporated into ianthinite, while neodymium contents were much higher, being approximately 24,800 ppm (K{sub d} = 62). Solid phase examinations using an analytical transmission electron microscope/electron energy-loss spectrometer (AEM/EELS) indicate a uniform distribution of Nd, while Ce contents were below detection. Becquerelite (Ca[(UO{sub 2}){sub 6}O{sub 4}(OH){sub 6}]{center_dot}8H{sub 2}O) was produced by dissolving uranium oxyacetate in a solution containing calcium acetate. The leachant in these tests was doped with either 2.1 ppm cerium or 277 ppm neodymium. ICP-MS results indicate that about 33 ppm Ce (K{sub d}=16) was incorporated into becquerelite, while neodymium contents were higher, being approximately 1,300 ppm (K{sub d}=5). Homogeneous distribution of Nd in the solid phase was noted during AEM/EELS examination, and Ce contents were also below detection.

  13. The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ABORATORY The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energyemployer. THE POTENTIAL IMPACT OF INCREASED RENEWABLE ENERGY

  14. Nucleus-nucleus potential with shell-correction contribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Yu. Denisov

    2015-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The full relaxed-density potential between spherical nuclei is considered as a sum of the macroscopic and shell-correction contributions. The macroscopic part of the potential is related to a nucleus-nucleus potential obtained in the framework of the extended Thomas-Fermi approach with the Skyrme and Coulomb forces and the relaxed-density ansatz for evaluation of proton and neutron densities of interacting nuclei. A simple prescription for the shell-correction part of the total potential is discussed. The parameters of the shell-correction and macroscopic parts of the relaxed-density potential are found by fitting the empirical barrier heights of the 89 nucleus-nucleus systems as well as macroscopic potentials evaluated for 1485 nucleus-nucleus systems at 12 distances around touching points.

  15. The helium trimer with soft-core potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Kievsky; E. Garrido; C. Romero-Redondo; P. Barletta

    2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The helium trimer is studied using two- and three-body soft-core potentials. Realistic helium-helium potentials present an extremely strong short-range repulsion and support a single, very shallow, bound state. The description of systems with more than two helium atoms is difficult due to the very large cancellation between kinetic and potential energy. We analyze the possibility of describing the three helium system in the ultracold regime using a gaussian representation of a widely used realistic potential, the LM2M2 interaction. However, in order to describe correctly the trimer ground state a three-body force has to be added to the gaussian interaction. With this potential model the two bound states of the trimer and the low energy scattering helium-dimer phase shifts obtained with the LM2M2 potential are well reproduced.

  16. Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India: Economic and Policy Implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phadke, Amol; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Khangura, Jagmeet

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We assess developable on-shore wind potential in India at three different hub-heights and under two sensitivity scenarios – one with no farmland included, the other with all farmland included. Under the “no farmland included” case, the total wind potential in India ranges from 748 GW at 80m hub-height to 976 GW at 120m hub-height. Under the “all farmland included” case, the potential with a minimum capacity factor of 20 percent ranges from 984 GW to 1,549 GW. High quality wind energy sites, at 80m hub-height with a minimum capacity factor of 25 percent, have a potential between 253 GW (no farmland included) and 306 GW (all farmland included). Our estimates are more than 15 times the current official estimate of wind energy potential in India (estimated at 50m hub height) and are about one tenth of the official estimate of the wind energy potential in the US.

  17. An exactly solvable PT symmetric potential from the Natanzon class

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Levai; A. Sinha; P. Roy

    2003-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The ${\\cal PT}$ symmetric version of the generalised Ginocchio potential, a member of the general exactly solvable Natanzon potential class is analysed and its properties are compared with those of ${\\cal PT}$ symmetric potentials from the more restricted shape-invariant class. It is found that the ${\\cal PT}$ symmetric generalised Ginocchio potential has a number of properties in common with the latter potentials: it can be generated by an imaginary coordinate shift $x\\to x+{\\rm i}\\epsilon$; its states are characterised by the quasi-parity quantum number; the spontaneous breakdown of ${\\cal PT}$ symmetry occurs at the same time for all the energy levels; and it has two supersymmetric partners which cease to be ${\\cal PT}$ symmetric when the ${\\cal PT}$ symmetry of the original potential is spontaneously broken.

  18. ORNL/TM-2001/280 Analysis of CHP Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    ORNL/TM-2001/280 Analysis of CHP Potential at Federal Sites February 2002 S. W. Hadley K. L. Kline OF CHP POTENTIAL AT FEDERAL SITES S. W. Hadley K. L. Kline S. E. Livengood J. W. Van Dyke February 2002 for the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY under contract no. DE-AC05-00OR22725 #12;Federal CHP Potential #12;Federal

  19. Thermodynamics of QCD at large quark chemical potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Gerhold; Andreas Ipp; Anton Rebhan

    2005-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We review the existing weak-coupling results on the thermodynamic potential of deconfined QCD at small and large quark chemical potential and compare with results from lattice gauge theory as well as the exactly solvable case of large-N_f QCD. We also discuss the new analytical results on non-Fermi-liquid effects in entropy and specific heat as well as in dispersion laws of quark quasiparticles at large quark chemical potential.

  20. The effects of two-phase flow on streaming potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estrada, Cecilia

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of streaming potentials assessed. Only limited information concerning two- phase flow and streaming potentials is available (Morgan, 1990). Two-phase flow in porous media has been addressed in models of hydraulic flow (Sorey et aL, 1980; Yuan and Slattery... & Stubbs (Wp) and Bretherton (Wn) equations, 53 7. The experimental W values as determined from the experimental sneaming potential enhancement values. 54 8. Core samples for porous media assessment. . . . . 61 9. Cementation exponent, saturation...

  1. Preliminary evaluation of wind energy potential: Cook Inlet area, Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hiester, T.R.

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes work on a project performed under contract to the Alaska Power Administration (APA). The objective of this research was to make a preliminary assessment of the wind energy potential for interconnection with the Cook Inlet area electric power transmission and distribution systems, to identify the most likely candidate regions (25 to 100 square miles each) for energy potential, and to recommend a monitoring program sufficient to quantify the potential.

  2. Nucleon-nucleon potential from an effective chiral Lagrangian

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ordonez, C.; Ray, L.; van Kolck, U. (Theory Group, Department of Physics, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States) Medium Energy Group, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States) Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))

    1994-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The nucleon-nucleon potential obtained from the most general effective chiral Lagrangian involving low momentum pions, nonrelativistic nucleons, and [Delta] isobars was considered to third order in the chiral expansion. The parameters of the potential were adjusted to reproduce the low energy nucleon-nucleon scattering phase shifts as well as the properties of the deuteron. Reasonable fits are obtained in this first application of a nucleon-nucleon potential based on chiral symemtry.

  3. Schrödinger Operators with Dynamically Defined Potentials: A Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Damanik

    2014-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In this survey we discuss spectral and quantum dynamical properties of discrete one-dimensional Schr\\"odinger operators whose potentials are obtained by real-valued sampling along the orbits of an ergodic invertible transformation. After an introductory part explaining basic spectral concepts and fundamental results, we present the general theory of such operators, and then provide an overview of known results for specific classes of potentials. Here we focus primarily on the cases of random and almost periodic potentials.

  4. ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAM AT POTENTIAL OTEC SITES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilde, P.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) program preoperational testand biomass distribution at potential OTEC sites.6th OTEC conference, Washington, D.C. Payne, S.F. 1979. The

  5. Self Potential At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (Rowley...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1987) Exploration Activity Details Location Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Self Potential Activity Date 1984 - 1984 Usefulness not indicated...

  6. Physics Potential of the gamma=100,100 Beta Beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Mezzetto

    2005-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The physics potential of a Beta Beam fired from CERN to a 440 kton water Cerenkov detector at a distance of 130 Km is computed.

  7. anthracis potential vaccine: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HIV vaccines designed to prevent HIV infection in HIV negative people are called preventive vaccines Levin, Judith G. 9 The Potential Economic Value of a Trypanosoma cruzi...

  8. The Potential of Private Institutional Investors for the Financing...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Private Institutional Investors for the Financing of Transport Infrastructure Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Potential of Private Institutional...

  9. Electrical Resistivity and Self-Potential Surveys Blue Mountain...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Self-Potential Surveys Blue Mountain Geothermal Area, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Electrical Resistivity and...

  10. The global optimization of Morse clusters by potential energy ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jon P. K. Doye

    2003-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 15, 2003 ... The global optimization of Morse clusters by potential energy transformations. Jon P. K. Doye (jpkd1 ***at*** cam.ac.uk) Robert H. Leary (leary ...

  11. action potential propagation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for action potential propagation in excitable cells CERN Preprints Summary: Speed of propagation of small-amplitude pressure waves through the cytoplasmic interior of...

  12. agriculture potential impacts: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Jawitz, James W. 2 Assessing the impact of changes in climate and CO2 on potential carbon sequestration in agricultural soils Geosciences Websites Summary: Assessing the...

  13. Potential for the Use of Energy Savings Performance Contracts...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The review of potential challenges within this report suggests that, while the same care must be exercised as in every prudent government acquisition, there appear to be no...

  14. Federal Tax Incentives for PV: Potential Implications for Program Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Forthcoming. “EPAct 2005’s PV Tax Credits: What Are TheyAssumptions • Installed PV system costs exhibit economies ofFederal Tax Incentives for PV Potential Implications for

  15. Kenya-Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Livelihoods in Smallholder Systems (SAMPLES) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods in Smallholder Systems (SAMPLES)...

  16. auditory evoked potentials: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    old, 12-month old, and adult) based on auditory event-related potentials Reilly, James P. 3 Real time mapping of rat midbrain neural circuitry using auditory evoked...

  17. auditory evoked potential: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    old, 12-month old, and adult) based on auditory event-related potentials Reilly, James P. 3 Real time mapping of rat midbrain neural circuitry using auditory evoked...

  18. Fast Generation of Potentials for Self-Assembly of Particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philip du Toit

    2009-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    May 12, 2009 ... Fast Generation of Potentials for Self-Assembly of Particles. Philip du Toit(pdutoit ***at*** cds.caltech.edu) Katalin Grubits(katalin ***at*** ...

  19. aquatic organisms potential: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    consequences Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Impacts of herbaceous bioenergy crops on atmospheric volatile organic composition and potential compared BVOC...

  20. Assessment of Energy Production Potential from Tidal Streams...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Tidal Streams in the United States Assessment of Energy Production Potential from Tidal Streams in the United States The project documented in this report created a national...

  1. Assessment of Energy Production Potential from Ocean Currents...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Ocean Currents along the United States Coastline Assessment of Energy Production Potential from Ocean Currents along the United States Coastline Report summarizing the results of...

  2. Potential Oil Production from the Coastal Plain of the Arctic...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Potential Oil Production from the Coastal Plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Updated Assessment 1. Overview of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Background The Arctic...

  3. Potential Oil Production from the Coastal Plain of the Arctic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Potential Oil Production from the Coastal Plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Updated Assessment 2. Analysis Discussion Resource Assessment The USGS most recent...

  4. Potential Oil Production from the Coastal Plain of the Arctic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Potential Oil Production from the Coastal Plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Updated Assessment References Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Outlook 2000,...

  5. ARM Convective Available Potential Energy (CAPE), Convective Inhibition (CIN) Product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jensen, Michael

    2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    ARM soundings are used to determine Convective Available Potential Energy (CAPE), Convective Inhibition (CIN) and associated properties, using the following relationships;

  6. Energy Savings Potential and RD&D Opportunities for Commercial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Commercial Refrigration This report documents the energy consumption of commercial refrigeration equipment (CRE) in the U.S. and evaluated the energy savings potential of various...

  7. Conservation Potential of Compact Fluorescent Lamps in India and Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gadgil, A.J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1988. The private sector in Brazil owned (in 1986) 40% ofElectricity Conservation in Brazil: Potential and Pro-electricity consumption in Brazil's residential sector was

  8. Energy Savings Potential and Opportunities for High-Efficiency...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    sponsored this assignment and provided comments on draft versions of the report. iii Energy Savings Potential and Opportunities for High-Efficiency Electric Motors in Residential...

  9. Energy Savings Potential and R&D Opportunities for Commercial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    or any agency thereof. Available electronically at http:www.osti.govhome ii Energy Savings Potential and R&D Opportunities for Commercial Refrigeration Prepared for:...

  10. ARM Convective Available Potential Energy (CAPE), Convective Inhibition (CIN) Product

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Jensen, Michael

    ARM soundings are used to determine Convective Available Potential Energy (CAPE), Convective Inhibition (CIN) and associated properties, using the following relationships;

  11. Notice of Study Availability - Potential Benefits of Distributed...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Federal Register Notice of availability of a study of the potential benefits of distributed generation and rate-related issues that may impede their expansion, and request for...

  12. Potential of High-Throughput Experimentation with Ammonia Borane...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of High-Throughput Experimentation with Ammonia Borane Solid Hydrogen Storage Materials (presentation) Potential of High-Throughput Experimentation with Ammonia Borane Solid...

  13. acid therapeutic potential: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    reach of the atmospheric neutrino data collected by a future megaton-class neutrino detector. After a general discussion of the potentialities of atmospheric neutrinos on general...

  14. antitumor potential cicloalcanocarboxilatos: Topics by E-print...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    reach of the atmospheric neutrino data collected by a future megaton-class neutrino detector. After a general discussion of the potentialities of atmospheric neutrinos on general...

  15. adenocarcinoma potential relevance: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of ionizing pairs, diffusion and basic readout geometries relevant to potential real detector scenarios, such as under development for the DRIFT experiment. The results clearly...

  16. apoptotic potential mediated: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    anomaly mediation. In sec. 3 we highlight some of the important features of the ATLAS detector. We explore the potential... which will apply beyond the minimal model. The...

  17. abrogated cardioprotective potential: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    reach of the atmospheric neutrino data collected by a future megaton-class neutrino detector. After a general discussion of the potentialities of atmospheric neutrinos on general...

  18. antidote treatment potential: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    potential on the evolution of a BBH, especially on the waveform of its gravitational radiation. Four scenarios are considered including the head-on collision and the...

  19. australia potential sources: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    increased by 35% from 2006 to 2011 and is predicted to ... Hallgren, Willow 7 Testing Potential New Sites for Optical Telescopes in Australia CERN Preprints Summary: In coming...

  20. argonaute proteins potential: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    propagation and cleavage Bartel, David 13 Fractal Analysis of Protein Potential Energy Landscapes Condensed Matter (arXiv) Summary: The fractal properties of the total...

  1. U.S. Building-Sector Energy Efficiency Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Rich

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (of conserved energy values from the CEF and New York stateEnergy Efficiency Resource Development Potential In New York.

  2. The Market and Technical Potential for Combined Heat and Power...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Administration in determining the potential for cogeneration or combined heat and power (CHP) in the commercialinstitutional market. As part of this effort, in this report, OSEC...

  3. Energy Department Report Finds Major Potential to Increase Clean...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a renewable energy resource assessment detailing the potential to develop electric power generation at existing dams across the United States that aren't currently equipped to...

  4. activity potential novo: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Simulations of spiral galaxies with an active potential: molecular cloud formation and gas dynamics Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: We describe simulations of the response of a...

  5. atlas discovery potential: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: This contribution summarizes the discovery potential of the Standard Model Higgs boson using the H gamma gamma decay with the ATLAS detector. The relevant detector...

  6. assessing potential exposure: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    peroxidation and Pb induced... Elms, Rene' Davina 2013-02-22 6 ASSESSMENT OF HOUSEHOLD CARBON FOOTPRINT REDUCTION POTENTIALS University of California eScholarship Repository...

  7. ash reduction potential: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the David W. Macfarlane; Shawna Patterson Meyer 2005-01-01 3 ASSESSMENT OF HOUSEHOLD CARBON FOOTPRINT REDUCTION POTENTIALS University of California eScholarship Repository...

  8. Probing the membrane potential of living cells by dielectric spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corina Bot; Camelia Prodan

    2008-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we demonstrate a quantitative way to measure the membrane potential of live cells by dielectric spectroscopy. We also show that the values of the membrane potential obtained using our technique are in good agreement with those obtained using traditional methods-voltage sensitive dyes. The membrane potential is determined by fitting the experimental dielectric dispersion curves with the dispersion curves obtain from a theoretical model. Variations in the membrane potential were induced by modifying the concentration of potassium chloride in the solution of the cell suspension in the presence of valinomycin. For exemplification of the method, E. coli were chosen for our experiments.

  9. Celebrating Achievement and Potential at the Presidential Early...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    National Laboratory Physicist Christian Bauer | Photo courtesy Roy Kaltschmidt, LBNL 10 Questions for a Physicist: Christian Bauer Celebrating Achievement and Potential at...

  10. Nano-mechanical plasmonic phase modulator with potential for...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nano-mechanical plasmonic phase modulator with potential for electronics April 3, 2015 Tweet EmailPrint Using standard semiconductor manufacturing equipment, a team from Argonne's...

  11. Clean Energy Policy Analysis: Impact Analysis of Potential Clean...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Clean Energy Policy Analysis: Impact Analysis of Potential Clean Energy Policy Options for the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative Clean Energy Policy Analysis: Impact Analysis of...

  12. Potential Effect of Pollutantn Emissions on Global Warming: First...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    E. JOUBERT & G.PLASSAT, August 2004 Pollutants Emissions Global warming Potential Effect First Comparison using External Costs on Urban Buses Gabriel PLASSAT, ADEME French Agency...

  13. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion: Potential Environmental Impacts and Fisheries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion: Potential Environmental Impacts and Fisheries Christina M Comfort Institute #12;Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) · Renewable energy ­ ocean thermal gradient · Large

  14. artificial potential field: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    cold quantum gas, in particular in terms of vortex nucleation. We then generalise our analysis to the simulation of non-Abelian gauge potentials and present some striking...

  15. atom method potentials: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    cold quantum gas, in particular in terms of vortex nucleation. We then generalise our analysis to the simulation of non-Abelian gauge potentials and present some striking...

  16. Microsoft Word - BPA Utility Potential Calculator Guidebook V1...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    energy efficiency potentials. In addition, it includes small-scale generation, demand response, fuel conversion, distributed generation and emerging technologies. California...

  17. acrylonitrile potentiates hearing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    helps to make the workplace more productive Rajkumar, Ragunathan "Raj" 2 Hearing the Maximum Entropy Potential of a spike-generating Markov process and B. Cessac1 Computer...

  18. New Model Demonstrates Offshore Wind Industry's Job Growth Potential...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    has developed a tool to estimate jobs and other economic impacts associated with offshore wind development in the United States. The modeling tool, which illustrates the potential...

  19. Realizing Clean Energy's Potential: Lessons Learned in the U...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    conventional coal and natural gas generators more frequently to accommodate more variable wind and solar power. NREL investigated the potential wear-and-tear costs and emissions...

  20. Potential Role of Exergy in Analysis of Hydrogen Infrastructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jalalzadeh-Azar, A. A.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the potential role of exergy (second-law) analysis, as a complementary tool for economic assessments of hydrogen infrastructures.