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1

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study- Hartford Workshop  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On July 9, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Hartford, CT to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The agenda, full...

2

The Hartford Life and Accident Insurance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hartford Life and Accident Insurance Company Group Numbers Basic Term Life - 677984 Basic by The Hartford Life and Accident Insurance Company. (Referred to as The Hartford or Hartford.) General from an accident, the benefit will be equal to $140,000 ($70,000 basic group term life PLUS $70

3

Hartford Medical Society Historical Library Price List for Reproductions and Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hartford Medical Society Historical Library Price List for Reproductions and Services Type use of the materials duplicated from the collection of the Hartford Medical Society Historical Library must be credited: "Courtesy of Hartford Medical Society Historical Library, University

Oliver, Douglas L.

4

Hartford, Connecticut: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:Greer County is8584°,HardyIowa Dunlap,Hart County is aHartford is a

5

Hartford, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:Greer County is8584°,HardyIowa Dunlap,Hart County is aHartford is

6

Hartford, Vermont: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:Greer County is8584°,HardyIowa Dunlap,Hart County is aHartford

7

Electric Utility Industrial Conservation Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Alliance to Save Energy conducted a study, funded by the John A. Hartford Foundation, of industrial and commercial electricity conservation opportunities in the service territory of Arkansas Power and Light Company (AP&L). The study determined...

Norland, D. L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

EFFECTS OF ELECTRICITY DEREGULATION ON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;EFFECTS OF ELECTRICITY DEREGULATION ON NUCLEAR POWER SAFETY Vicki Bier, University of Wisconsin-Madison (608) 262-2064, bier@engr.wisc.edu James Joosten, Connect USA David Glyer, Jennifer Tracey, Michael.K. electricity industry Purpose: ­ Develop a complete list of changes relevant to safety ­ Emphasize changes

Sheridan, Jennifer

9

Axial Current Generation from Electric Field: Chiral Electric Separation Effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a relativistic plasma containing charged chiral fermions in an external electric field. We show that with the presence of both vector and axial charge densities, the electric field can induce an axial current along its direction and thus cause chirality separation. We call it the Chiral Electric Separation Effect (CESE). On very general basis, we argue that the strength of CESE is proportional to $\\mu_V\\mu_A$ with $\\mu_V$ and $\\mu_A$ the chemical potentials for vector charge and axial charge. We then explicitly calculate this CESE conductivity coefficient in thermal QED at leading-log order. The CESE can manifest a new gapless wave mode propagating along the electric field. Potential observable of CESE in heavy-ion collisions is also discussed.

Xu-Guang Huang; Jinfeng Liao

2013-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

10

The Electric Aharonov-Bohm Effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In their seminal paper Aharonov and Bohm (1959) claimed that electromagnetic fields can act at a distance on charged particles even if they are identically zero in the region of space where the particles propagate. They proposed two experiments to verify their theoretical conclusions. The magnetic effect, that has been extensively studied, and the electric effect where an electron is affected by a time-dependent electric potential that is constant in the region where the electron is propagating, i.e., such that the electric field vanishes along its trajectory. The Aharonov-Bohm effects imply such a strong departure from the physical intuition coming from classical physics that it is no wonder that they remain a highly controversial issue, after more than fifty years. The existence of electric Aharonov-Bohm effect, that has not been confirmed experimentally, is a very controversial issue. In their 1959 paper Aharonov and Bohm proposed an Ansatz for the solution to the Schroedinger equation in regions where there is a time-dependent electric potential that is constant in space. It consists in multiplying the free evolution by a phase given by the integral in time of the potential. The validity of this Ansatz predicts interference fringes between parts of a coherent electron beam that are subjected to different potentials. In this paper we prove that the exact solution to the Schroedinger equation is given by the Aharonov-Bohm Ansatz up to an error bound in norm that is uniform in time and that decays as a constant divided by the velocity. Our results give, for the first time, a rigorous proof that quantum mechanics predicts the existence of the electric Aharonov-Bohm effect, under conditions that we provide. We hope that our results will estimulate the experimental research on the electric Aharonov-Bohm effect.

Ricardo Weder

2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

11

Allowance Allocation and Effects on the Electricity Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Allowance Allocation and Effects on the Electricity Sector Karen Palmer Resources for the Future of Earthweek #12;Allocation and Electricity · Prior cap-and-trade programs grandfather (GF) allowances on electricity markets depends on CO2 emissions rates · Different regional effect of GF on electricity markets

12

Mergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-efficiency as variables relating to price and profitability. The retail electricity market is a case in point, as highMergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges N° 2006-08 Mai 2006 Evens SALIES OFCE hal-00972962,version1-3Apr2014 #12;Mergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

13

TRANSMISSION EFFECTS IN MARKET POWER ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICITY MARKETS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRANSMISSION EFFECTS IN MARKET POWER ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICITY MARKETS Thomas J. Overbye George Gross-weber@uiuc.edu Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana, IL 61801 ABSTRACT This paper discusses the assessment of market power in bulk electricity markets, with the explicit

Gross, George

14

Effect of Electric and Magnetic Fields on Spin Dynamics in the Resonant Electric Dipole Moment Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A buildup of the vertical polarization in the resonant electric dipole moment (EDM) experiment [Y. F. Orlov, W. M. Morse, and Y. K. Semertzidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 214802 (2006)] is affected by a horizontal electric field in the particle rest frame oscillating at a resonant frequency. This field is defined by the Lorentz transformation of an oscillating longitudinal electric field and a uniform vertical magnetic one. The effect of a longitudinal electric field is significant, while the contribution from a magnetic field caused by forced coherent longitudinal oscillations of particles is dominant. The effect of electric field on the spin dynamics was not taken into account in previous calculations. This effect is considerable and leads to decreasing the EDM effect for the deuteron and increasing it for the proton. The formula for resonance strengths in the EDM experiment has been derived. The spin dynamics has been calculated.

Alexander J. Silenko

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

15

Biological Effects of Electrical and Magnetic Fields: Is It Real?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The hazardous effect of electric and magnetic fields on biological systems is the subject of considerable debate. Traditional methods have failed to provide a correlation between the fields and biological effects. A model is presented that solves...

Durham, M. O.

16

Electrical and Biological Effects of Transmission Lines: A Review.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This review describes the electrical properties of a-c and d-c transmission lines and the resulting effects on plants, animals, and people. Methods used by BPA to mitigate undesirable effects are also discussed. Although much of the information in this review pertains to high-voltage transmission lines, information on distribution lines and electrical appliances is included. The electrical properties discussed are electric and magnetic fields and corona: first for alternating-current (a-c) lines, then for direct current (d-c).

Lee, Jack M.

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

EFFECT OF FIELD POLARITY IN GUIDING SALMON FINGERLINGS BY ELECTRICITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in limited quantities for bfficial use of Federal, State or cooperating agencies and In processed form319 EFFECT OF FIELD POLARITY IN GUIDING SALMON FINGERLINGS BY ELECTRICITY SPECIAL SCIENTIFIC REPORT SALMON FINGERLINGS BY ELECTRICITY by H. William Newman Fishery Research Biologist Bureau of Commercial

18

The effectiveness of the policies on renewable electricity in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After the legislation of the Renewable Energy Law, China's government established a series of policies to promote renewable energy source electricity (RES-e) from 2005-2012. The effectiveness of the policies varies depending ...

Xiao, Qing S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Effect of electrical stimulation on bacteria of meats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1979 ABSTRACT Effect of Electrical Stimulation on Bacteria of meats. (December 1979) Boosya Mrigadat, B. S. , Kasetsart University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. C. Vanderzant Electrostimulation of rabbit muscles caused a slight reduction... stimulation and after storage for up to 45 min. (CON = open bars, ES = shaded bars; muscles with identical numbers were from the same rabbit). Effect of electrical stimulation on the bacterial count of inoculated (Lacto- b 'll . ) bb't 1 (LD=~L dorsi, BF...

Mrigadat, Boosya

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Effective critical electric field for runaway electron generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this letter we investigate factors that influence the effective critical electric field for runaway electron generation in plasmas. We present numerical solutions of the kinetic equation, and discuss the implications for the threshold electric field. We show that the effective electric field necessary for significant runaway formation often is higher than previously calculated due to both (1) extremely strong dependence of primary generation on temperature, and (2) synchrotron radiation losses. We also address the effective critical field in the context of a transition from runaway growth to decay. We find agreement with recent experiments, but show that the observation of an elevated effective critical field can mainly be attributed to changes in the momentum-space distribution of runaways, and only to a lesser extent to a de facto change in the critical field.

Stahl, Adam; Decker, Joan; Embrus, Ola; Flp, Tnde

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Electric Field effects on quantum correlations in semiconductor quantum dots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of external electric bias on the quantum correlations in the array of optically excited coupled semiconductor quantum dots. The correlations are characterized by the quantum discord and concurrence and are observed using excitonic qubits. We employ the lower bound of concurrence for thermal density matrix at different temperatures. The effect of the F\\"orster interaction on correlations will be studied. Our theoretical model detects nonvanishing quantum discord when the electric field is on while concurrence dies, ensuring the existence of nonclassical correlations as measured by the quantum discord.

S. Shojaei; M. Mahdian; R. Yousefjani

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Combined Electric and Magnetic Aharonov-Bohm Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is well-known that the electric and magnetic Aharonov-Bohm effects may be formally described on equal footing using the four-vector potential in a relativistic framework. We propose an illustrative manifestation of both effects in a single configuration, in which the specific path of the charged particle determines the weight of the electric and magnetic acquired relative phases. The phases can be distinctively obtained in the Coulomb gauge. The scheme manifests the pedagogical lesson that though each of the relative phases is gauge-dependent their sum is gauge-invariant.

Samuel Marcovitch; Yakir Aharonov; Tirza Kaufferr; Benni Reznik

2007-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

23

Air-Conditioning Effect Estimation for Mid-Term Forecasts of Tunisian Electricity Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air-Conditioning Effect Estimation for Mid-Term Forecasts of Tunisian Electricity Consumption Tunisian electricity consumption (the residential sector represents 68% of this class of consumers). Nevertheless, with the Tunisian electricity consumption context, models elaborating which take account weather

Boyer, Edmond

24

Equity Effects of Increasing-Block Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evidence from Residential Electricity Demand, Review ofLester D. The Demand for Electricity: A Survey, The BellResidential Demand for Electricity under Inverted Block

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Effects of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reidof Vehicle Image in Gasoline-Hybrid Electric Vehicles Reidhigh demand for gasoline-hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs)?

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

On the DebyeHckel effect of electric screening  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper considers non-linear self-consistent electric potential equation (Sec. I), due to a cloud made of a single species of electric charges, satisfying a Boltzmann distribution law (Sec. II). Exact solutions are obtained in a simple logarithmic form, in three cases: (Sec. III) spherical radial symmetry; (Sec. IV) plane parallel symmetry; (Sec. V) a special case of azimuthal-cylindrical symmetry. All these solutions, and their transformations (Sec. VI), involve the Debye-Hckel radius; the latter was originally defined from a solution of the linearized self-consistent potential equation. Using an exact solution of the self-consistent potential equation, the distance at which the potential vanishes differs from the Debye-Hckel radius by a factor of ?(2). The preceding (Secs. IIVI) simple logarithmic exact solutions of the self-consistent potential equations involve no arbitrary constants, and thus are special or singular integrals not the general integral. The general solution of the self-consistent potential equation is obtained in the plane parallel case (Sec. VII), and it involves two arbitrary constants that can be reduced to one via a translation (Sec. VIII). The plots of dimensionless potential (Figure 1), electric field (Figure 2), charge density (Figure 3), and total charge between ? and infinity (Figure 4), versus distance normalized to Debye-Hckel radius ? ? z/a, show that (Sec. IX) there is a continuum of solutions, ranging from a charge distribution concentrated inside the Debye-Hckel radius to one spread-out beyond it. The latter case leads to the limiting case of logarithmic potential, and stronger electric field; the former case, of very concentrated charge distribution, leads to a fratricide effect and weaker electric field.

Campos, L. M. B. C.; Lau, F. J. P. [Centro de Cincias e Tecnologias Aeronauticas e Espaciais (CCTAE) and rea Cientfica de Mecnica Aplicada e Aeroespacial (ACMAA), Instituto Superior Tcnico IST, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

27

Electric Fields and Chiral Magnetic Effect in Cu + Au Collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The non-central Cu + Au collisions can create strong out-of-plane magnetic fields and in-plane electric fields. By using the HIJING model, we study the general properties of the electromagnetic fields in Cu + Au collisions at 200 GeV and their impacts on the charge-dependent two-particle correlator $\\gamma_{q_1q_2}=$ (see main text for definition) which was used for the detection of the chiral magnetic effect (CME). Compared with Au + Au collisions, we find that the in-plane electric fields in Cu + Au collisions can strongly suppress the two-particle correlator or even reverse its sign if the lifetime of the electric fields is long. Combining with the expectation that if $\\gamma_{q_1q_2}$ is induced by elliptic-flow driven effects we would not see such strong suppression or reversion, our results suggest to use Cu + Au collisions to test CME and understand the mechanisms that underlie $\\gamma_{q_1q_2}$.

Wei-Tian Deng; Xu-Guang Huang

2015-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

28

A Simple and Effective Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation Platform for Urban Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Simple and Effective Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation Platform for Urban Electric Vehicles B-in-the-loop simulation of urban electric vehicles. The proposed platform, which is expected to be used for electric is coupled to DC machine-based load torque emulator taking into account the electric vehicle mechanics

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

29

ELECTRIC  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

you nay give us will be greatly uppreckted. VPry truly your23, 9. IX. Sin0j3, Mtinager lclectronics and Nuclear Physics Dept. omh , WESTINGHOUSE-THE NAT KING IN ELECTRICITY...

30

-"The effect of Perceived risk on the process of online buying electrical products by Jordanian consumers in Amman", Journal of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-"The effect of Perceived risk on the process of online buying electrical products by Jordanian the effect of Perceived risk on the process of online buying electrical products by Jordanian consumers of online buying electrical products by Jordanian consumers. #12;

31

Current Generated Harmonics and Their Effect Upon Electrical Industrial Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper provides a general overview of harmonics and addresses the causes of current generated harmonics in electrical systems. In addition, problems caused by current generated harmonics and their affects upon different types of electrical...

Alexander, H. R.; Rogge, D. S.

32

Cost-Effective Design of a Hybrid Electrical Energy Storage System for Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] whereas the efficiency of an electric motor can reach 90% or even higher [13], and (ii) the kinetic energy% in the case of heavy city traffic [17]. As the only source of providing energy to the electric motor.g., in Tesla cars, Nissan Leaf, Ford Focus, etc.). The performance of the EES system in an EV is therefore

Pedram, Massoud

33

Testing The Effects Of Price Responsive Demand On Uniform Price And Soft-Cap Electricity Auctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Testing The Effects Of Price Responsive Demand On Uniform Price And Soft-Cap Electricity Auctions R. The soft-cap market has not worked well. Spot prices for electricity in California remained consistently of different electric power markets with respect to price volatility and average market price. In particular

34

Effect of Joule heating on orientation of spheroidal particle in alternating electric field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of Joule heating on orientation of spheroidal particle in alternating electric field Yu electric conductivities. We show that the rate of Joule heating of the particle depends on the orientation electric conductivity in the system. The frequen- cies 1 and 2 are determined by biquadratic equation see

Elperin, Tov

35

Electric Fields and Interference Effects inside Noncentrosymmetric Multilayer Films at Electrode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Fields and Interference Effects inside Noncentrosymmetric Multilayer Films at Electrode, Wisconsin 53706 The electric field profile inside a self-assembled noncen- trosymmetric zirconium n to changes in the electric field strength (E) inside the film. The noncentrosymmetric ZP films

36

The Effects of the Dysfunctional Spot Market for Electricity in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Effects of the Dysfunctional Spot Market for Electricity in California on the Cost of Forward), the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) program on Reliability and Markets at the U Cruz, California. #12;ABSTRACT The unexpectedly high spot prices for electricity in the summer of 2000

37

The Effects of Electricity Tariff Structure on Distributed Generation Adoption in New York State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sources under various tariffs no inv. inv. standby no inv.The Effects of Electricity Tariff Structure on Distributedthe greatest. Standby tariffs tend to encourage installing

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Effects of the drought on California electricity supply and demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELECTRICITY SUPPLY Hydroelectric Energy Supply Thermal-question. Data on PG&E's hydroelectric resources and Pacific27 Table 28 Table 29 Hydroelectric Supply in California Fuel

Benenson, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Electric field effects in liquid crystals with dielectric dispersion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The project is focused on the experimental and theoretical exploration of the coupling of an externally applied electric field and a nematic liquid crystal.

Lavrentovich, Oleg D. [Kent State University

2014-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

40

A Simple Proof of Magnetic and Electric Aharonov-Bohm Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic Aharonov-Bohm effect (AB effect) was studied in hundreds of papers starting with the seminal paper of Aharonov and Bohm [AB] published in 1959. We give a new proof of the magnetic Aharonov-Bohm effect without using the scattering theory and the theory of inverse boundary value problems. We consider separately the cases of one and several obstacles. The electric AB effect was studied much less. We give the first proof of the electric AB effect in domains with moving boundaries. When the boundary does not move with the time the electric AB effect is absent.

Gregory Eskin

2014-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A microfluidic device with removable packaging for the real time visualisation of intracellular effects of nanosecond electrical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

µm) electroplated electrodes, disposed on a quartz substrate whose of intracellular effects of nanosecond electrical pulses on adherent cells C. Dalmay1 of nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs: high electrical field amplitude during

Boyer, Edmond

42

Experimental Effects of Atomic Oxygen on the Development of an Electric Discharge Oxygen Iodine Laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

state I. Conventionally, a two-phase (gas-liquid) chemistry singlet oxygen generator (SOG) producesExperimental Effects of Atomic Oxygen on the Development of an Electric Discharge Oxygen Iodine of the electric discharge iodine laser continues, the role of oxygen atoms downstream of the discharge region

Carroll, David L.

43

PERGAMON Carbon 39 (2001) 369373 Effect of carbon fiber grade on the electrical behavior of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PERGAMON Carbon 39 (2001) 369­373 Effect of carbon fiber grade on the electrical behavior of carbon 2000 Abstract Electrical conduction in cement reinforced by short carbon fibers below the percolation is decreased by increasing the fiber crystallinity, but is increased by using intercalated fibers. The carbon

Chung, Deborah D.L.

44

Effects of Parameters on Nash Games with OSNR Target Department of Electrical and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of Parameters on Nash Games with OSNR Target Yan Pan Department of Electrical and Computer of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Toronto Toronto, ON M5S 3G4, Canada pavel of pric- ing mechanisms on system performance. We also show that OSNR target can be achieved

Pavel, Lacra

45

The Effects of Electricity Tariff Structure on Distributed Generation Adoption in New York State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

volumetric price, TOU time of use tariff: volumetric priceService, Time of Use Rates parent tariff Jan 03 Customertime of use United States Environmental Protection Agency xv The Effects of Electricity Tariff

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Modeling and Simulating Blast Effects on Electric Substations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A software simulation tool was developed at the Idaho National Laboratory to estimate the fragility of electric substation components subject to an explosive blast. Damage caused by explosively driven fragments on a generic electric substation was estimated by using a ray-tracing technique to track and tabulate fragment impacts and penetrations of substation components. This technique is based on methods used for assessing vulnerability of military aircraft and ground vehicles to explosive blasts. An open-source rendering and ray-trace engine was used for geometric modeling and interactions between fragments and substation components. Semi-empirical material interactions models were used to calculate blast parameters and simulate high-velocity material interactions between explosively driven fragments and substation components. Finally, a Monte Carlo simulation was added to model the random nature of fragment generation allowing a skilled analyst to predict failure probabilities of substation components.

Lyle G. Roybal; Robert F. Jeffers; Kent E. McGillivary; Tony D. Paul; Ryan Jacobson

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

The scalar unparticle effect on the charged lepton electric dipole moment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the charged lepton electric dipole moment which is induced by the scalar unparticle mediation and we predict the appropriate range for the free parameters appearing in the effective lagrangian which drives the unparticle-standard model lepton interactions. We observe that the charged lepton electric dipole moment is strongly sensitive to the scaling dimension d_u of the unparticle and the new couplings in the effective interaction. Furthermore, we see that the current experimental limits of charged lepton electric dipole moments can ensure an appropriate range for these free parameters.

E. O. Iltan

2007-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

48

Cost Effectiveness of Electricity Energy Efficiency Programs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003) |Cordova Electric Coop,Cosmo Powertech Pvt Ltd

49

Effects of resource acquisitions on electric-utility shareholders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to see how shareholders fare when the utility acquires different kinds of resources. The resources considered are utility-built, -operated, and -owned power plants with different combinations of construction and operation costs; purchases of power; and DSM programs. We calculated the net present value of realized (cash) return on equity as the primary factor used to represent shareholder interests. We examined shareholder returns for these resources as functions of public utility commission regulation, taxes, and the utility`s operating environment. Our treatment of regulation considers the frequency and type (future vs historic test year) of rate cases, inclusion of construction work in progress in ratebase vs allowance for funds used during construction, ratebase vs expensing of DSM programs, book and tax depreciation schedules, possible disallowances of ``excess`` power-plant or DSM capital costs, and possible lack of adjustment for ``excess`` fuel or purchased power costs. The tax policies we studied include the existence and rates for property, sales, and income taxes and the existence and regulatory treatment of deferred taxes. The utility`s operating environment includes the overall inflation rate, load-growth rate, escalation in nonproduction expenses, and nongeneration construction (capital) requirements. Finally, given the increasingly competitive nature of electricity markets, we briefly considered alternatives to traditional cost-of-service regulation. We examined shareholder returns for the resources described above in an environment where the utility competes with other suppliers solely on the basis of electricity price.

Hirst, E.; Hadley, S.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Quantifying the Effect of Kerogen on Electrical Resistivity Measurements on Organic-rich Source Rocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conductivity measurements (Rajeshwar et al., 1980) carried out on oil shale samples from the Green River oil shales illustrate the correlation between electrical behavior of organic matter and temperature. Researchers (Meng et al., 2012; Rajeshwar et al...., 1980) observed a pronounced effect of thermal maturity of organic matter and temperature on magnitude of measured electrical conductivity of the oil shale samples. The changes in kerogen network and structure, with increasing temperature and maturity...

Kethireddy, Nikhil Reddy

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

51

Cost Effectiveness of CO2 Mitigation Technologies and Policies in the Electricity Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i Cost Effectiveness of CO2 Mitigation Technologies and Policies in the Electricity Sector. The costs and benefits of low carbon technology options are unique and affect different market participants in different ways. In this thesis, we examine the cost effectiveness of carbon mitigation technologies

52

Effect of Electric Arc Furnace Bag House Dust on Concrete Durability Researcher: Fahad Al-Mutlaq  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of Electric Arc Furnace Bag House Dust on Concrete Durability Researcher: Fahad Al billions of dollars annually. While steel is normally protected from corrosion in concrete by a passive of the effects of addition of Bag House Dust (BHD) on aspects of concrete durability. BHD is a fine powder

Birmingham, University of

53

Electric control of the spin Hall effect by intervalley transitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tunability of the creation/detection efficiency of spin currents, with clear relevance for future memory and logic devices. 8 I. METHODS A. Measurement The sample structure used in this study is Si-doped (the initial electron density n0e=1.011016 cm?3) n... ., & Jungwirth T. Spin-injection Hall effect in a planar photovoltaic cell Nature Phys. 5, 675 (2009). 24 Wunderlich, J., Park, B. G., Irvine, A. C., Zarbo, L. P. , Rozkotova, E., Nemec, P., Novak, V., Sinova, J., & Jungwirth, T. Spin Hall effect transistor...

Okamoto, N.; Kurebayashi, H.; Trypiniotis, T.; Farrer, I.; Ritchie, D. A.; Saitoh, E.; Sinova, J.; Maek, J.; Jungwirth, T.; Barnes, C. H. W.

2014-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

54

Effect of the Doping Ion on the Electrical Response of a Free-Standing Polypyrrole Strip Subjected to Different Preloads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, a degeneration of the electrical energy vs the external stress was measured, which would seriously limit the useEffect of the Doping Ion on the Electrical Response of a Free-Standing Polypyrrole Strip Subjected they are immersed in aqueous solutions with different doping ions. By plotting the electrical energy associated

Otero, Toribio Fernández

55

Electrical and Sensing Properties of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Network: Effect of Alignment and Selective Breakdown  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Full Paper Electrical and Sensing Properties of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Network: Effect The electrical transport and NH3 sensing properties of randomly oriented and aligned SWNT networks were presented. Gated electrical breakdown was implemented to selectively remove metallic (m-) SWNTs, thereby reducing

56

P- and T-Violating Lagrangians in Chiral Effective Field Theory and Nuclear Electric Dipole Moments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A scheme to derive hadronic interactions induced by effective multi-quark terms is presented within the framework of chiral effective field theory. It is employed to work out the list of parity- and time-reversal-symmetry-violating hadronic interactions that are relevant for the computation of nuclear contributions to the electric dipole moments of the hydrogen-2, helium-3 and hydrogen-3 nuclei. We also derive the scattering and Faddeev equations required to compute electromagnetic form factors in general and electric dipole moments in particular.

J. Bsaisou; Ulf-G. Meiner; A. Nogga; A. Wirzba

2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

57

Effectiveness of heating patterns for electrical resistance heating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

indicate that hot spots are an important factor in reservoir simulation of the ERH stimulation process. The r-z power model provides the capability to model these hot spo'ts. 37 TABLE 4: GENERAL TEST CASE DATA Fluid Properties: Po i co Cto Cpo B... averaged 75% of the rate from the radial power model. The ability of the r-z power model to consider the effects of hot spots at the ends of the electrode are the primary reason for these differences. 43 NOMENCLATURE Aew Aoe ae ah ao aw B Co...

Maggard, James Bryan

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

The effects of utility DSM programs on electricity costs and prices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

More and more US utilities are running more and larger demand-side management (DSM) programs. Assessing the cost-effectiveness of these programs raises difficult questions for utilities and their regulators. Should these programs aim to minimize the total cost of providing electric-energy services or should they minimize the price of electricity This study offers quantitative estimates on the tradeoffs between total costs and electricity prices. This study uses a dynamic model to assess the effects of energy-efficiency programs on utility revenues, total resource costs, electricity prices, and electricity consumption for the period 1990 to 2010. These DSM programs are assessed under alternative scenarios. In these cases, fossil-fuel prices, load growth, the amount of excess capacity the utility has in 1990, planned retirements of power plants, the financial treatment of DSM programs, and the costs of energy- efficient programs vary. These analyses are conducted for three utilities: a base'' that is typical of US utilities; a surplus'' utility that has excess capacity, few planned retirements, and slow growth in fossil-fuel prices and incomes; and a deficit'' utility that has little excess capacity, many planned retirements, and rapid growth in fossil-fuel prices and incomes. 28 refs.

Hirst, E.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

The effects of utility DSM programs on electricity costs and prices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

More and more US utilities are running more and larger demand-side management (DSM) programs. Assessing the cost-effectiveness of these programs raises difficult questions for utilities and their regulators. Should these programs aim to minimize the total cost of providing electric-energy services or should they minimize the price of electricity? This study offers quantitative estimates on the tradeoffs between total costs and electricity prices. This study uses a dynamic model to assess the effects of energy-efficiency programs on utility revenues, total resource costs, electricity prices, and electricity consumption for the period 1990 to 2010. These DSM programs are assessed under alternative scenarios. In these cases, fossil-fuel prices, load growth, the amount of excess capacity the utility has in 1990, planned retirements of power plants, the financial treatment of DSM programs, and the costs of energy- efficient programs vary. These analyses are conducted for three utilities: a ``base`` that is typical of US utilities; a ``surplus`` utility that has excess capacity, few planned retirements, and slow growth in fossil-fuel prices and incomes; and a ``deficit`` utility that has little excess capacity, many planned retirements, and rapid growth in fossil-fuel prices and incomes. 28 refs.

Hirst, E.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Electrical Readout of the Local Nuclear Polarization in the Quantum Hall Effect: A Hyperfine Battery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrical Readout of the Local Nuclear Polarization in the Quantum Hall Effect: A Hyperfine Battery A. Wu¨rtz,1,* T. Mu¨ller,1 A. Lorke,1, D. Reuter,2 and A. D. Wieck2 1 Laboratorium fu¨r Festko which utilizes separately contacted edge states to establish a local nuclear spin polarization

Lorke, Axel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

DOE Fire Protection Handbook, Volume II. Fire effects and electrical and electronic equipment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrical and electronic equipment, including computers, are used at critical facilities throughout the Department of Energy (DOE). Hughes Associates, Inc. was tasked to evaluate the potential thermal and nonthermal effects of a fire on the electrical and electronic equipment and methods to analyze, evaluate, and assist in controlling the potential effects. This report is a result of a literature review and analysis on the effects of fire on electrical equipment. It is directed at three objectives: (1) Provide a state-of-the-art review and analysis of thermal and nonthermal damage to electrical and electronic equipment; (2) Develop a procedure for estimating thermal and nonthermal damage considerations using current knowledge; and (3) Develop an R&D/T&E program to fill gaps in the current knowledge needed to further perfect the procedure. The literature review was performed utilizing existing electronic databases. Sources searched included scientific and engineering databases including Dialog, NTIS, SciSearch and NIST BFRL literature. Incorporated in the analysis is unpublished literature and conversations with members of the ASTM E-5.21, Smoke Corrosivity, and researchers in the electronics field. This report does not consider the effects of fire suppression systems or efforts. Further analysis of the potential impact is required in the future.

NONE

1994-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

62

Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Appendix G: MCS Cost-effectiveness for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, cost and savings assumptions used to establish the efficiency level that achieves all electricity and assumptions used to determine whether the regionally cost-effective efficiency levels are economically-1 shows the levels of energy efficiency assumed for new site built and manufactured homes built

63

The Effects of Climate and Electricity Emissions on Air Quality in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and both are regulated under the U.S. Clean Air Act. While emissions from fossil fuel combustion suggests that air quality co-benefits associated with CO2 emission reductions could be significantThe Effects of Climate and Electricity Emissions on Air Quality in the United States by Steven D

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

64

CHAPTER 5. QUANTUM-EFFECT AND HOT-ELECTRON DEVICES Dept. of Electrical Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - CHAPTER 5. QUANTUM-EFFECT AND HOT-ELECTRON DEVICES S. Luryi Dept. of Electrical Engineering Devices 41 5.3.3 Real-Space Transfer Transistors (RSTT) 45 5.3.4 Resonant Hot-Electron And Bipolar Blockade 32 5.3 HOT-ELECTRON STRUCTURES 5.3.1 Hot Electrons In Semiconductors 37 5.3.2 Ballistic Injection

Luryi, Serge

65

Effects of Highly Non-uniform Illumination Distribution on Electrical Performance of Solar Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of Highly Non-uniform Illumination Distribution on Electrical Performance of Solar Cells E.T.Franklin, J.S Coventry Centre for Sustainable Energy Systems Australian National University Canberra ACT 0200 AUSTRALIA Telephone: +61 02 6125 3976 Facsimile: +61 02 6125 0506 E-mail: evan@faceng.anu.edu.au Abstract

66

The Effect of Wind Speed and Electric Rates On Wind Turbine Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Effect of Wind Speed and Electric Rates On Wind Turbine Economics Economics of wind power depends mainly on the wind speeds and the turbine make and model. Definition: Simple Payback The "Simple period of a small wind power project. All the figures are per turbine, so it can be used for a one, two

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

67

Plasmonic Near-Electric Field Enhancement Effects in Ultrafast Photoelectron Emission: Correlated Spatial and Laser Polarization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT: Electron emission from single, supported Ag nanocubes excited with ultrafast laser pulses ( = 800 irradiated with ultrafast laser pulses at a photon energy (Eph) below the material work functionPlasmonic Near-Electric Field Enhancement Effects in Ultrafast Photoelectron Emission: Correlated

Mohseni, Hooman

68

The effects of solar-geomagnetically induced currents on electrical systems in nuclear power stations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a study to evaluate the potential effects of geomagnetically induced currents (GICs) caused by the solar disturbances on the in-plant electrical distribution system and equipment in nuclear power stations. The plant-specific electrical distribution system for a typical nuclear plant is modeled using the ElectroMagnetic Transient Program (EMTP). The computer model simulates online equipment and loads from the station transformer in the switchyard of the power station to the safety-buses at 120 volts to which all electronic devices are connected for plant monitoring. The analytical model of the plant`s electrical distribution system is studied to identify the transient effects caused by the half-cycle saturation of the station transformers due to GIC. This study provides results of the voltage harmonics levels that have been noted at various electrical buses inside the plant. The emergency circuits appear to be more susceptible to high harmonics due to the normally light load conditions. In addition to steady-state analysis, this model was further analyzed simulating various plant transient conditions (e.g., loss of load or large motor start-up) occurring during GIC events. Detail models of the plant`s protective relaying system employed in bus transfer application were included in this model to study the effects of the harmonic distortion of the voltage input. Potential harmonic effects on the uniterruptable power system (UPS) are qualitatively discussed as well.

Subudhi, M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)] [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Carroll, D.P. [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States)] [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States); Kasturi, S. [MOS, Inc., Melville, NY (United States)] [MOS, Inc., Melville, NY (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Costs and effects of electric-utility DSM programs: 1989--1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

All US electric utilities are required to report to the Energy Information Administration data on their demand-side management (DSM) programs. These data provide a comprehensive view of utility DSM-program costs and effects (energy savings and load reductions) for 1989, 1990, 1991, and 1992 as well as projections for 1993 and 1997.

Hirst, E.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

The Economic Effects of Electricity Deregulation: An Empricial Analysis of Indian States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk E P R G W O R K IN G P A P E R Abstract The Economic Effects of Electricity Deregulation: An Empirical Analysis of Indian States EPRG Working Paper 1001 Cambridge Working Paper in Economics 1005 Anupama Sen... and Tooraj Jamasb As developing countries seek to improve their economic prospects, electricity reform has been widely viewed as a central part of this effort. While the focus of most research to date has been at economy or utility level; there has...

Sen, A; Jamasb, Tooraj

71

The effect of electron induced hydrogenation of graphene on its electrical transport properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a deterioration of the electrical transport properties of a graphene field effect transistor due to energetic electron irradiation on a stack of Poly Methyl Methacrylate (PMMA) on graphene (PMMA/graphene bilayer). Prior to electron irradiation, we observed that the PMMA layer on graphene does not deteriorate the carrier transport of graphene but improves its electrical properties instead. As a result of the electron irradiation on the PMMA/graphene bilayer, the Raman D band appears after removal of PMMA. We argue that the degradation of the transport behavior originates from the binding of hydrogen generated during the PMMA backbone secession process.

Woo, Sung Oh [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); Teizer, Winfried [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States) [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); WPI-Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan)

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

72

Effect of rotating electric field on 3D complex (dusty) plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of rotating electric field on 3D particle clusters suspended in rf plasma was studied experimentally. Spheroidal clusters were suspended inside a glass box mounted on the lower horizontal rf electrode, with gravity partially balanced by thermophoretic force. Clusters rotated in the horizontal plane, in response to rotating electric field that was created inside the box using conducting coating on its inner surfaces (''rotating wall'' technique). Cluster rotation was always in the direction of applied field and had a shear in the vertical direction. The angular speed of rotation was 10{sup 4}-10{sup 7} times lower than applied frequency. The experiment is compared to a recent theory.

Woerner, L.; Nosenko, V.; Ivlev, A. V.; Zhdanov, S. K.; Thomas, H. M.; Morfill, G. E. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, D-85741 Garching (Germany); Kroll, M.; Schablinski, J.; Block, D. [Christian-Albrechts Universitaet zu Kiel, D-24118 Kiel (Germany)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

73

Effect of annealing on the electrical properties of thallium-doped PbTe single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is found that electrical parameters of PbTe single crystals, the character of the dependences of these parameters on temperature and Tl impurity concentration, and the conductivity type (signs of {alpha} and R) are governed to a great extent by the temperature of preliminary annealing. The cause of this effect is that the concentration of doubly charged vacancies in the tellurium sublattice increases with an increase in the annealing temperature, as a result of which the formation of electrically neutral or singly charged complexes of impurity-vacancy type becomes more likely.

Ahmedova, G. A., E-mail: gulgunahmed@yahoo.com; Abdinova, G. J.; Abdinov, J. Sh. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Abdullaev Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

74

Controlled self-assembly of multiferroic core-shell nanoparticles exhibiting strong magneto-electric effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ferromagnetic-ferroelectric composites show strain mediated coupling between the magnetic and electric sub-systems due to magnetostriction and piezoelectric effects associated with the ferroic phases. We have synthesized core-shell multiferroic nano-composites by functionalizing 10100?nm barium titanate and nickel ferrite nanoparticles with complementary coupling groups and allowing them to self-assemble in the presence of a catalyst. The core-shell structure was confirmed by electron microscopy and magnetic force microscopy. Evidence for strong strain mediated magneto-electric coupling was obtained by static magnetic field induced variations in the permittivity over 1618?GHz and polarization and by electric field induced by low-frequency ac magnetic fields.

Sreenivasulu, Gollapudi; Hamilton, Sean L.; Lehto, Piper R.; Srinivasan, Gopalan, E-mail: srinivas@oakland.edu [Physics Department, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan 48309-4401 (United States); Popov, Maksym [Physics Department, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan 48309-4401 (United States); Radiophysics Department, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv 01601 (Ukraine); Chavez, Ferman A. [Chemistry Department, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan 48309-4401 (United States)

2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

75

REGULATION AND SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCE: EFFECTS ON THE SITING OF CALIFORNIA ELECTRICAL ENERGY FACILITIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of public and private organizations provide electricity.days of electricity production and the private companiesconcerned with private enterprise. Since electricity pro-

Kooser, J.C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Electrical and Optical Gain Lever Effects in InGaAs Double Quantum Well Diode Lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In multisection laser diodes, the amplitude or frequency modulation (AM or FM) efficiency can be improved using the gain lever effect. To study gain lever, InGaAs double quantum well (DQW) edge emitting lasers have been fabricated with integrated passive waveguides and dual sections providing a range of split ratios from 1:1 to 9:1. Both the electrical and the optical gain lever have been examined. An electrical gain lever with greater than 7 dB enhancement of AM efficiency was achieved within the range of appropriate DC biasing currents, but this gain dropped rapidly outside this range. We observed a 4 dB gain in the optical AM efficiency under non-ideal biasing conditions. This value agreed with the measured gain for the electrical AM efficiency under similar conditions. We also examined the gain lever effect under large signal modulation for digital logic switching applications. To get a useful gain lever for optical gain quenched logic, a long control section is needed to preserve the gain lever strength and a long interaction length between the input optical signal and the lasing field of the diode must be provided. The gain lever parameter space has been fully characterized and validated against numerical simulations of a semi-3D hybrid beam propagation method (BPM) model for the coupled electron-photon rate equation. We find that the optical gain lever can be treated using the electrical injection model, once the absorption in the sample is known.

Pocha, M D; Goddard, L L; Bond, T C; Nikolic, R J; Vernon, S P; Kallman, J S; Behymer, E M

2007-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

77

Effects on chickens of continuous exposure to low level electromagnetic, electric, and magnetic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1972 Major Subjects Nuclear Engineering (Health Physics) EFFECTS ON CHI CKENS OF CONT INUOUS EXPOSURE TO LOW LEVEL ELECTRONAGNETIC, ELECTRIC, AND MAGNETIC 1 IELDS A Thesis by ROBERT SHERWOOD HOWELL Approved... exposure to ionizing radiation. The treated groups appear to have a significantly reduced growth rate and a slightly increased feed conversion ratio. The spleen weight in the 260 MHz {calculated average input power density of 0. 029 mW/cm ) group...

Howell, Robert Sherwood

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Effect of a uniform electric field on soot in laminar premixed ethylene/air flames  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of a nominally uniform electric field on the initially uniform distribution of soot has been assessed for laminar premixed ethylene/air flames from a McKenna burner. An electrophoretic influence on charged soot particles was measured through changes to the deposition rate of soot on the McKenna plug, using laser extinction (LE). Soot volume fraction was measured in situ using laser-induced incandescence (LII). Particle size and morphologies were assessed through ex situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) using thermophoretic sampling particle diagnostics (TSPD). The results show that the majority of these soot particles are positively charged. The presence of a negatively charged plug was found to decrease the particle residence times in the flame and to influence the formation and oxidation progress. A positively charged plug has the opposite effect. The effect on soot volume fraction, particles size and morphology with electric field strength is also reported. Flame stability was also found to be affected by the presence of the electric field, with the balance of the electrophoretic force and drag force controlling the transition to unstable flame flicker. The presence of charged species generated by the flame was found to reduce the dielectric field strength to one seventh that of air. (author)

Wang, Y.; Yao, Q. [Key Laboratory of Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Thermal Engineering, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing (China); Nathan, G.J. [School of Mechanical Engineering, Centre for Energy Technology, The University of Adelaide, S.A. 5005 (Australia); Alwahabi, Z.T.; King, K.D.; Ho, K. [School of Chemical Engineering, Centre for Energy Technology, The University of Adelaide, S.A. 5005 (Australia)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

79

Effect of electric field on exfoliation of nanoplates Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of electric field on exfoliation of nanoplates Wei Lua Department of Mechanical Engineering assist or retard exfoliation depending on the angle between a collection of plates and the field. A critical electric field strength for exfoliation is predicted. Structural refinement occurs by cleavage

Lu, Wei

80

Electrical Contacts to Individual Colloidal Semiconductor Nanorods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stable nanostructured electrical devices with interestingElectrical Contacts to Individual Colloidal Semiconductorand its effect on electrical properties has important

Trudeau, Paul-Emile

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Possible observables for chiral electric separation effect in Cu + Au collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The quark-gluon plasma (QGP) generated in relativistic heavy-ion collisions could be locally P- and CP-odd. In P- and CP-odd QGP, the electric field may induce a chiral current which is called chiral electric separation effect (CESE). We propose two possible observables for CESE in Cu + Au collisions: The first one is the correlation $\\zeta_{\\alpha\\beta}=\\langle \\cos[2(\\phi_\\alpha+\\phi_\\beta-2\\Psi_{\\rm RP})]\\rangle$; the second one is the charge-dependent event-plane angle $\\Psi^{q}_2$ with $q=\\pm$ being charge. Nonzero $\\Delta\\zeta=\\zeta_{opp}-\\zeta_{same}$ and $\\Delta\\Psi=\\langle\\Psi_2^+-\\Psi_2^-\\rangle$ may signal the CESE in Cu + Au collisions. Within a multiphase transport (AMPT) model, we study how the final state interaction affects these observables. We find that the correlation $\\gamma_{\\alpha\\beta}=\\langle\\cos(\\phi_{\\alpha}+\\phi_{\\beta}-\\Psi_{\\rm RP})\\rangle$ is sensitive to the out-of-plane charge separation caused by chiral magnetic effect (CME) and the in-plane charge separation caused by the in-plane electric field but not sensitive to CESE. On the other hand, $\\Delta\\zeta$ and $\\Delta\\Psi$ are sensitive to the CESE. Therefore, we suggest the future experiments to measure the above observables in Cu+Au collisions in order to disentangle different chiral and charge separation mechanisms.

Guo-Liang Ma; Xu-Guang Huang

2015-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

82

Mass shift effects in nonperturbative multiphoton pair production for arbitrary polarized electric fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The mass shift effects in multiphoton pair production of a nonperturbative nature for arbitrary polarized electric fields are investigated numerically by employing the real-time Dirac-Heisenberg-Wigner formalism, and theoretically by proposing an effective energy concept. It is found that the theoretical results are agreement with the numerical ones very well. It is the first time to consider the roles of the momenta of created particles and the polarizations of external fields played in the mass shift effects. These results can deepen the understanding of pair production in the nonperturbative threshold regime. Moreover, the distinct mass shift effects are observable in the forthcoming experiments and can be used as a probe to distinguish the electron-positron pair production from other background events.

Z. L. Li; D. Lu; B. F. Shen; L. B. Fu; J. Liu; B. S. Xie

2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

83

The Hartford | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTaguspark JumpDetective Jump to: navigation, searchThe

84

A quantitative evaluation of effective shale content and its influence on electrical resistivity and permeability of reservoir rocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION OF EFFECTIVE SHALE CONTENT AND ITS INFLUENCE ON ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY AND PERMEABILITY OF RESERVOIR ROCKS A Thesis By PARAYATH E. B. MENON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in Partial... fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January, f965 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering A QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION OF EFFECTIVE SHALE CONTENT AND ITS INFLUENCE ON ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY AND PERMEABILITY OF RESERVOIR ROCKS...

Menon, Parayath Eravi Bhaskara

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Method for minimizing contaminant particle effects in gas-insulated electrical apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrical breakdown of a gas insulator in high voltage apparatus is prevented by placing an electrical insulative coating on contaminant particles in the gas insulator.

Pace, M.O.; Adcock, J.L.; Christophorou, L.G.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Method for minimizing contaminant particle effects in gas-insulated electrical apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrical breakdown of a gas insulator in high voltage apparatus is preved by placing an electrical insulative coating on contaminant particles in the gas insulator.

Pace, Marshall O. (Knoxville, TN); Adcock, James L. (Knoxville, TN); Christophorou, Loucas G. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Ecological and biomedical effects of effluents from near-term electric vehicle storage battery cycles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An assessment of the ecological and biomedical effects due to commercialization of storage batteries for electric and hybrid vehicles is given. It deals only with the near-term batteries, namely Pb/acid, Ni/Zn, and Ni/Fe, but the complete battery cycle is considered, i.e., mining and milling of raw materials, manufacture of the batteries, cases and covers; use of the batteries in electric vehicles, including the charge-discharge cycles; recycling of spent batteries; and disposal of nonrecyclable components. The gaseous, liquid, and solid emissions from various phases of the battery cycle are identified. The effluent dispersal in the environment is modeled and ecological effects are assessed in terms of biogeochemical cycles. The metabolic and toxic responses by humans and laboratory animals to constituents of the effluents are discussed. Pertinent environmental and health regulations related to the battery industry are summarized and regulatory implications for large-scale storage battery commercialization are discussed. Each of the seven sections were abstracted and indexed individually for EDB/ERA. Additional information is presented in the seven appendixes entitled; growth rate scenario for lead/acid battery development; changes in battery composition during discharge; dispersion of stack and fugitive emissions from battery-related operations; methodology for estimating population exposure to total suspended particulates and SO/sub 2/ resulting from central power station emissions for the daily battery charging demand of 10,000 electric vehicles; determination of As air emissions from Zn smelting; health effects: research related to EV battery technologies. (JGB)

Not Available

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Influence of Induced Charges in the Electric Aharonov-Bohm Effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper states that the induced charge should not be neglected in the electric Aharonov-Bohm effect. If the induced charge is taken into account, the interference pattern of the moving charge will not change with the potential difference between the two metal tubes. It means that the scale potential itself can not affect the phase of the moving charge, and the true factor affecting the phase of the moving charge is the energy of the system including the moving charge and the induced charge.

Rui-Feng Wang

2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

89

Effect of nanocrystallization on the electrical conductivity enhancement and Moessbauer hyperfine parameters of iron based glasses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Selected glasses of Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-PbO{sub 2}-Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3} system have been transformed into nanomaterials by annealing at temperature close to crystallization temperature (T{sub c}) for 1 h. The effects of the annealing of the present samples on its structural and electrical properties were studied by Moessbauer spectroscopy, transmission electron micrograph (TEM), differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and dc conductivity ({sigma}). Moessbauer spectroscopy was used in order to determine the states of iron and its hyperfine structure. The effect of nanocrystalization on the Moessbauer hyperfine parameters did not exhibit significant modifications in present glasses. However, in case of glass ceramic nanocrystals show a distinct decrease in the quadrupole splitting ({Delta}) is observed, reflecting an evident decrease in the distortion of structural units like FeO{sub 4} units. In general, the Moessbauer parameters of the nano-crystalline phase exhibit tendency to increase with PbO{sub 2} content. TEM of as-quenched glasses confirm the homogeneous and essentially featureless morphology. TEM of the corresponding glass ceramic nanocrystals indicates nanocrystals embedded in the glassy matrix with average particle size of about 32 nm. The crystallization temperature (T{sub c}) was observed to decrease with PbO{sub 2} content. The glass ceramic nanocrystals obtained by annealing at T{sub c} exhibit improvement of electrical conductivity up to four orders of magnitude than the starting glasses. This considerable improvement of electrical conductivity after nanocrystallization is attributed to formation of defective, well-conducting phases 'easy conduction paths' along the glass-crystallites interfaces.

El-Desoky, M.M., E-mail: mmdesoky@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Faculty of Education, Suez Canal University, Al-Arish 45511, North Sinaa (Egypt); Ibrahim, F.A. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Education, Suez Canal University, Al-Arish 45511, North Sinaa (Egypt)] [Department of Physics, Faculty of Education, Suez Canal University, Al-Arish 45511, North Sinaa (Egypt); Mostafa, A.G.; Hassaan, M.Y. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City 11884, Cairo (Egypt)] [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City 11884, Cairo (Egypt)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Radiation effects on the electrical properties of hafnium oxide based MOS capacitors.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hafnium oxide-based MOS capacitors were investigated to determine electrical property response to radiation environments. In situ capacitance versus voltage measurements were analyzed to identify voltage shifting as a result of changes to trapped charge with increasing dose of gamma, neutron, and ion radiation. In situ measurements required investigation and optimization of capacitor fabrication to include dicing, cleaning, metalization, packaging, and wire bonding. A top metal contact of 200 angstroms of titanium followed by 2800 angstroms of gold allowed for repeatable wire bonding and proper electrical response. Gamma and ion irradiations of atomic layer deposited hafnium oxide on silicon devices both resulted in a midgap voltage shift of no more than 0.2 V toward less positive voltages. This shift indicates recombination of radiation induced positive charge with negative trapped charge in the bulk oxide. Silicon ion irradiation caused interface effects in addition to oxide trap effects that resulted in a flatband voltage shift of approximately 0.6 V also toward less positive voltages. Additionally, no bias dependent voltage shifts with gamma irradiation and strong oxide capacitance room temperature annealing after ion irradiation was observed. These characteristics, in addition to the small voltage shifts observed, demonstrate the radiation hardness of hafnium oxide and its applicability for use in space systems.

Petrosky, J. C. (Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH); McClory, J. W. (Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH); Bielejec, Edward Salvador; Foster, J. C. (Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH)

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Possible observables for chiral electric separation effect in Cu + Au collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The quark-gluon plasma (QGP) generated in relativistic heavy-ion collisions could be locally P- and CP-odd. In P- and CP-odd QGP, the electric field may induce a chiral current which is called chiral electric separation effect (CESE). We propose two possible observables for CESE in Cu + Au collisions: The first one is the correlation $\\zeta_{\\alpha\\beta}=\\langle \\cos[2(\\phi_\\alpha+\\phi_\\beta-2\\Psi_{\\rm RP})]\\rangle$; the second one is the charge-dependent event-plane angle $\\Psi^{q}_2$ with $q=\\pm$ being charge. Nonzero $\\Delta\\zeta=\\zeta_{opp}-\\zeta_{same}$ and $\\Delta\\Psi=\\langle\\Psi_2^+-\\Psi_2^-\\rangle$ may signal the CESE in Cu + Au collisions. Within a multiphase transport (AMPT) model, we study how the final state interaction affects these observables. We find that the correlation $\\gamma_{\\alpha\\beta}=\\langle\\cos(\\phi_{\\alpha}+\\phi_{\\beta}-\\Psi_{\\rm RP})\\rangle$ is sensitive to the out-of-plane charge separation caused by chiral magnetic effect (CME) and the in-plane charge separation caused by the in-...

Ma, Guo-Liang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Effects of electrical brain stimulation on the temperature of interscapular brown adipose tissue in the adult rat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and content by: Paul J. Wellman (Chairman of Committee) Charles M. Stoup (Member) Steven L. Peterson (Member) Newell H. McArthu r (Member) tephen Wor hei (Head of Department) May 1985 ABSTRACT Effects of Electrical Brain Stimulation..., the reticula lateral to the central gray, t and the interpeduncular nucleu nucleus, the mamillary pedunc interpeduncular nucleus, the c ventromedial to the medial lem ed by electrical r formation he red nucleus, s; and b, the red le, the rus cerebri...

Freeman, Patricia Hilliard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

93

Electric double layer for spherical particles in salt-free concentrated suspensions including ion size effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The equilibrium electric double layer (EDL) that surrounds the colloidal particles is determinant for the response of a suspension under a variety of static or alternating external fields. An ideal salt-free suspension is composed by the charged colloidal particles and the ionic countercharge released by the charging mechanism. The existing macroscopic theoretical models can be improved by incorporating different ionic effects usually neglected in previous mean-field approaches, which are based on the Poisson-Boltzmann equation (PB). The influence of the finite size of the ions seems to be quite promising because it has been shown to predict phenomena like charge reversal, which has been out of the scope of classical PB approximations. In this work we numerically obtain the surface electric potential and the counterions concentration profiles around a charged particle in a concentrated salt-free suspension corrected by the finite size of the counterions. The results show the large importance of such corrections for moderate to high particle charges at every particle volume fraction, specially, when a region of closest approach of the counterions to the particle surface is considered. We conclude that finite ion size considerations are obeyed for the development of new theoretical models to study nonequilibrium properties in concentrated colloidal suspensions, particularly the salt-free ones with small and highly charged particles.

R. Roa; F. Carrique; E. Ruiz-Reina

2011-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

94

Water effects of the use of western coal for electrical production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water may be a constraint on the expanded development of coal resources in the semi-arid western United States. Water allocation in the West has been determined by the appropriative rights doctrine which allows perpetual use of water sources by those who first claim it for beneficial purposes. This has had the effect of placing a dominative interest in water allocation in one economic sector: agriculture. New water sources are available to coal producers but political and economic problems must be overcome. Water is required by every phase of coal development. Mines use water for dust control and land reclamation. Coal slurry pipelines would use water as a transport medium. Steam electric power plants use water for cooling, cleaning, and in the boiler. Coal gasification plants would use water for cooling, cleaning, and as a material input. In addition to these direct uses of water by coal development, the people who build and operate the development demand water for domestic and recreational purposes. The quantity of water required for a given element of a coal development is site specific and dependent on many factors. The available literature cites a range of estimates of the amount of water required for each type of development. The width of this range seems related to the stage of development of the particular technology. Estimates of water requirements for various schemes to provide an average electrical load of 9 GWe to a load center 1000 miles from western mines are shown in Table 5.

Rogers, E.A.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Electric-utility DSM-program costs and effects, 1991 to 2001  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the past three years (1989, 1990, and 1991), all US electric utilities that sell more than 120 GWh/year have been required to report to the Energy Information Administration data on their demand-side management (DSM) programs. These data provide a rich and uniquely comprehensive picture of electric-utility DSM programs in the United States. Altogether, 890 utilities (of about 3250 in the United States) ran DSM programs in 1991; of these, 439 sold more than 120 GWh and reported details on their DSM programs. These 439 utilities represent more than 80% of total US electricity sales and revenues. Altogether, these utilities spent almost $1.8 billion on DSM programs in 1991, equal to 1.0% of total utility revenues that year. In return for these (and prior-year) expenditures, utility DSM programs cut potential peak demand by 26,700 MW (4.8% of the national total) and cut annual electricity use by 23,300 GWh (0.9% of the national total). These 1991 numbers represent substantial increases over the 1989 and 1990 numbers on utility DSM programs. Specifically, utility DSM expenditures doubled, energy savings increased by almost 50%, and demand reductions increased by one-third between 1989 and 1991. Utilities differed enormously in their DSM-program expenditures and effects. Almost 12% of the reporting utilities spent more than 2% of total revenues on DSM programs in 1991, while almost 60% spent less than 0.5% of revenues on DSM. Utility estimates of future DSM-program expenditures and benefits show continuing growth. By the year 2001, US utilities expect to spend 1.2% of revenues on DSM and to cut demand by 8.8% and annual sales by 2.7%. Here, too, expectations vary by region. Utilities in the West and Northwest plan to spend more than 2% of revenues on DSM that year, while utilities in the Mid-Atlantic, Midwest, Southwest, Central, and North Central regions plan to spend less than 1% of revenues on DSM.

Hirst, E.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

REGULATION AND SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCE: EFFECTS ON THE SITING OF CALIFORNIA ELECTRICAL ENERGY FACILITIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electricity, regardless of the ownership of the facilities, is public in the sense that it is a government

Kooser, J.C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

REGULATION AND SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCE: EFFECTS ON THE SITING OF CALIFORNIA ELECTRICAL ENERGY FACILITIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Going to SQecific End Uses Hydroelectricity 100% electricity58% transportation Hydroelectricity ! Nuclear Geothermalsupply relied on hydroelectricity, the severe droughts,

Kooser, J.C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Polyelectrolytes in electric fields: Measuring the dynamical effective charge and effective friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use a coarse-grained molecular dynamics model to study the electrophoretic behaviour of flexible polyelectrolyte chains. We first characterize the static properties of the model with respect to the chain length, the polyelectrolyte concentration, additional salt and the influence of an applied external field. Next we investigate the dynamic behaviour in the oligomer range and compare to data obtained by two different experimental methods, namely capillary electrophoresis and PFG-NMR. We find excellent agreement of experiments and simulations when hydrodynamic interactions are accounted for in the simulations. We then present novel estimators for the dynamical effective charge during free solution electrophoresis and compare them to static estimators. We find complete agreement between the static and the dynamic estimators. We further evaluate the scaling behaviour of the effective friction of the polyelectrolyte-counterion complex with the surrounding fluid. We identify a hydrodynamic screening length beyond which the friction during electrophoresis is linear depending on the chain length resulting in a constant mobility for long polyelectrolyte chains. Our results show a convincing agreement with experimental data and demonstrate that it is possible to model dynamic behaviour of polyelectrolytes using coarse grained models, provided they include the effects of hydrodynamical interactions.

Kai Grass; Christian Holm

2008-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

99

Anomalous magnetic and electric moments of $?$ and lepton flavor mixing matrix in effective lagrangian approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In an effective lagrangian approach [EM97] to new physics, the authors in ref. [HL99] pushed tau anomalous magnetic and electric dipole moments (AMDM and EDM) down to $10^{-11}$ and $10^{-25} e cm$ by using a Fritzsch-Xing lepton mass matrix ansatz. In this note, we find that, in this approach, there exists the connection between $\\tau$ AMDM and EDM and the lepton flavor mixing matrix. By using the current neutrino oscillation experimental results, we investigate the parameter space of lepton mixing angles to $\\tau$ AMDM and EDM. We can obtain the same or smaller bounds of $\\delta a_\\tau$ and $d_\\tau$ acquired in ref. [HL99] and constrain $\\theta_l$ (the mixing angle obtained by long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiments) from $\\tau$ AMDM and EDM.

J. Q. Zhang; X. C. Song; W. J. Huo; T. F. Feng

2002-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

100

Effect of annealing atmosphere on phase formation and electrical characteristics of bismuth ferrite thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bismuth ferrite thin films were deposited on Pt/Ti/SiO{sub 2}/Si substrates by a soft chemical method and spin-coating technique. The effect of annealing atmosphere (air, N{sub 2} and O{sub 2}) on the structure and electrical properties of the films are reported. X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that the film annealed in air atmosphere is a single-phase perovskite structure. The films annealed in air showed better crystallinity and the presence of a single BFO phase leading to lower leakage current density and superior ferroelectric hysteresis loops at room temperature. In this way, we reveal that BFO film crystallized in air atmosphere by the soft chemical method can be useful for practical applications, including nonvolatile digital memories, spintronics and data-storage media.

Simoes, A.Z., E-mail: alezipo@yahoo.com [Universidade Federal de Itajuba, UNIFEI - CAMPUS ITABIRA, Rua Sao Paulo, 377, Bairro Amazonas, CEP: 35900-373 Itabira, MG (Brazil); Riccardi, C.S.; Dos Santos, M.L. [Laboratorio Interdisciplinar em Ceramica, Departamento de Fisico-Quimica, Instituto de Quimica Universidade Estadual Paulista, Bairro: Quitandinha, CEP: 14800-900 Araraquara, SP (Brazil); Garcia, F. Gonzalez [Universidade Federal de Itajuba, UNIFEI - CAMPUS ITABIRA, Rua Sao Paulo, 377, Bairro Amazonas, CEP: 35900-373 Itabira, MG (Brazil); Longo, E.; Varela, J.A. [Laboratorio Interdisciplinar em Ceramica, Departamento de Fisico-Quimica, Instituto de Quimica Universidade Estadual Paulista, Bairro: Quitandinha, CEP: 14800-900 Araraquara, SP (Brazil)

2009-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Effects of pulsed-power loads upon an electric power grid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Certain proposed particle-accelerator and laser experiments, and other devices related to fusion research, require multi-megawatt, repetitive power pulses, often at low (subsynchronous) frequency. While some power-delivery technologies call for a certain degree of buffering of the utility demand using capacitive, inductive, or inertial energy storage, considerations have also been made for serving such loads directly from the line. In either case, such pulsed loads represent non-traditional applications from the utility's perspective which, in certain cases, can have significant design and operational implications. This paper outlines an approach to the analysis of the effects of such loads upon the electric power grid using existing analysis techniques. The impacts studied include busvoltage flicker, transient and dynamic stability, and torsional excitation. The impact of a particular pulsed load is examined and illustrated for the power network serving the Los Alamos National Laboratory. 19 refs., 13 figs.

Smolleck, H.A.; Ranade, S.J.; Prasad, N.R. (New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (USA). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering); Velasco, R.O. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

A Development Path to the Efficient and Cost-Effective Bulk Storage of Electrical Energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efficient and cost-effective means for storing electrical energy is becoming an increasing need in our electricity-oriented society. For example, for electric utilities an emerging need is for distributed storage systems, that is, energy storage at substations, at solar or wind-power sites, or for load-leveling at the site of major consumers of their electricity. One of the important consequences of distributed storage for the utilities would be the reduction in transmission losses that would result from having a local source of load-leveling power. For applications such as these there are three criteria that must be satisfied by any new system that is developed to meet such needs. These criteria are: (1) high 'turn-around' efficiency, that is, high efficiency of both storing and recovering the stored energy in electrical form, (2) long service life (tens of years), with low maintenance requirements, and, (3) acceptably low capital cost. An additional requirement for these particular applications is that the system should have low enough standby losses to permit operation on a diurnal cycle, that is, storing the energy during a portion of a given day (say during sunlight hours) followed several hours later by its use during night-time hours. One answer to the spectrum of energy storage needs just outlined is the 'electromechanical battery'. The E-M battery, under development for several years at the Laboratory and elsewhere in the world, has the potential to solve the above energy storage problems in a manner superior to the electro-chemical battery in the important attributes of energy recovery efficiency, cycle lifetime, and amortized capital cost. An electromechanical battery is an energy storage module consisting of a high-speed rotor, fabricated from fiber composite, and having an integrally mounted generator/motor. The rotor operates at high speed, in vacuo, inside of a hermetically sealed enclosure, supported by a 'magnetic bearing', that is, a bearing that uses magnetic forces to support the rotor against gravity. Magnetic bearings are a virtual necessity for the E-M battery in order to achieve long service life, and to minimize frictional losses so that the battery does not lose its charge (run down) too rapidly. These considerations mitigate against the use of conventional mechanical bearings in the E-M battery for most applications. The Laboratory has pioneered the development of a new form of magnetic bearing to meet the special requirements of the E-M battery: the 'ambient-temperature passive magnetic bearing'. Simpler, and potentially much less expensive than the existing 'active' magnetic bearings (ones requiring electronic amplifiers and feedback circuits for their operation) development of the ambient-temperature passive magnetic bearing represents a technological breakthrough. Beyond its use in the E-M battery, the ambient-temperature magnetic bearing could have important applications in replacing conventional lubricated mechanical bearings in electrical machinery. Here the gains would be two-fold: reduced frictional losses, leading to higher motor efficiency, and, of equal importance, the elimination of the need for lubricants and for routine replacement of the bearings owing to mechanical wear. Thus an added benefit from a vigorous pursuit of our electromechanical battery concepts could be its impact on many other areas of industry where rotating machinery in need of improved bearings is involved. If perfected, passive magnetic bearings would seem to represent an almost ideal replacement for the mechanical bearings in many types of industrial electrical machinery. Returning to the issued of energy storage, the E-M battery itself has much to contribute in the area of improving the efficiency of stationary energy storage systems. For example, many electrical utilities utilize 'pumped hydro' energy storage systems as a means of improving the utilization of their 'base-load' power plants. That is, electrical energy is stored during off-peak hours for delivery at times of peak usage. These pumped hydro sys

Post, R F

2009-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

103

Cost-effectiveness of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle battery capacity and charging infrastructure investment for reducing US gasoline consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

backup for long trips) or gasoline-powered hybrid electric vehicles. If more gasoline savings are neededCost-effectiveness of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle battery capacity and charging infrastructure online 22 October 2012 Keywords: Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle Charging infrastructure Battery size a b

Michalek, Jeremy J.

104

Curvature and torsion effects in electric current-carrying twisted solar loops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Riemannian geometry of the electric current-carrying solar loops is obtained from a thin tube approximation of twisted magnetic flux tubes. The Frenet torsion and curvature affect the electron drift speed of the electrons of the current along the toroidal direction of the tube. The twist of the tube is computed and it is shown that twist is maximum at the surface of the tube and minimum at the tube axis. This acts as inertia effects to the electron drift. The higher the torsion of the tube axis the smaller is the velocity along the direction of the tube. This effect is similar to the one obtained by Tyspin et al. [Physics of Plasmas, 5, 3385 (1998)] in the case of toroidal devices with curvature and torsion. Here the simple geometrical effects are enough to slow down the currents and no viscosity in the fluid is taken into account. A slight compressibility of the plasma flow is due to the twist of the tube. As applications of these ideas, it is shown that torsion effects are not enough to accelerate electrons up to relativistic energies, and the torsion is computed in the case of the force-free loop. The value of torsion is used to compute the electron acceleration in two distinct cases. The first is the case when the Riemann loop suffers the action of a dc electric sub-Dreicer field, where the magnetic field is direct along the magnetic loop, and the loop moves along the orthogonal direction to the loop as in vortex filaments. In this case, the acceleration is shown to be of the order of 10{sup -17} cm s{sup -2} for a solar torsion of the order of 10{sup -4} cm{sup -1}. The second case is for the curvature drift contribution, where torsion is also present. In this case we show that torsion is not present in the velocity drift but just in the electron acceleration. Though these values are extremely low, they can be improved by considering small loops lowering the radius of the loop which, here, was taken as 600 km. Curvature drift acceleration is also estimated as 100 cm s{sup -2}.

Garcia de Andrade, L. C. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica-IF-UERJ, Rua Sao Francisco Xavier 524, Rio de Janeiro, RJ Maracana, CEP 20550-013 Brazil (Brazil)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

105

Ionic Asymmetry and Solvent Excluded Volume Effects on Spherical Electric Double Layers: A Density Functional Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article we present a classical density functional theory for electrical double layers of spherical macroions that extends the capabilities of conventional approaches by accounting for electrostatic ion correlations, size asymmetry and excluded volume effects. The approach is based on a recent approximation introduced by Hansen-Goos and Roth for the hard sphere excess free energy of inhomogeneous fluids (J. Chem. Phys. 124, 154506). It accounts for the proper and efficient description of the effects of ionic asymmetry and solvent excluded volume, especially at high ion concentrations and size asymmetry ratios including those observed in experimental studies. Additionally, we utilize a leading functional Taylor expansion approximation of the ion density profiles. In addition, we use the Mean Spherical Approximation for multi-component charged hard sphere fluids to account for the electrostatic ion correlation effects. These approximations are implemented in our theoretical formulation into a suitable decomposition of the excess free energy which plays a key role in capturing the complex interplay between charge correlations and excluded volume effects. We perform Monte Carlo simulations in various scenarios to validate the proposed approach, obtaining a good compromise between accuracy and computational cost. We use the proposed computational approach to study the effects of ion size, ion size asymmetry and solvent excluded volume on the ion profiles, integrated charge, mean electrostatic potential, and ionic coordination number around spherical macroions in various electrolyte mixtures. Our results show that both solvent hard sphere diameter and density play a dominant role in the distribution of ions around spherical macroions, mainly for experimental water molarity and size values where the counterion distribution is characterized by a tight binding to the macroion, similar to that predicted by the Stern model.

Medasani, Bharat; Ovanesyan, Zaven; Thomas, Dennis G.; Sushko, Maria L.; Marucho, Marcelo

2014-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

106

Effects of Temporal Wind Patterns on the Value of Wind-Generated Electricity at Different Sites in California and the Northwest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of electric power from potential wind farm locations infactor across different potential wind sites are about sevenreflects the potential effects of temporal wind patterns on

Fripp, Matthias; Wiser, Ryan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

DOE handbook electrical safety  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrical Safety Handbook presents the Department of Energy (DOE) safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety guidance and information for DOE installations to effect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of this handbook are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Short run effects of a price on carbon dioxide emissions from U.S. electric generators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The price of delivered electricity will rise if generators have to pay for carbon dioxide emissions through an implicit or explicit mechanism. There are two main effects that a substantial price on CO{sub 2} emissions would have in the short run (before the generation fleet changes significantly). First, consumers would react to increased price by buying less, described by their price elasticity of demand. Second, a price on CO{sub 2} emissions would change the order in which existing generators are economically dispatched, depending on their carbon dioxide emissions and marginal fuel prices. Both the price increase and dispatch changes depend on the mix of generation technologies and fuels in the region available for dispatch, although the consumer response to higher prices is the dominant effect. We estimate that the instantaneous imposition of a price of $35 per metric ton on CO{sub 2} emissions would lead to a 10% reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions in PJM and MISO at a price elasticity of -0.1. Reductions in ERCOT would be about one-third as large. Thus, a price on CO{sub 2} emissions that has been shown in earlier work to stimulate investment in new generation technology also provides significant CO{sub 2} reductions before new technology is deployed at large scale. 39 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Adam Newcomer; Seth A. Blumsack; Jay Apt; Lester B. Lave; M. Granger Morgan [Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Carnegie Mellon Electricity Industry Center

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

REGULATION AND SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCE: EFFECTS ON THE SITING OF CALIFORNIA ELECTRICAL ENERGY FACILITIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

some interesting problems. In particular, solar energy Forsolar energy to meet their hot water requirements and install electrical backup systems, how should the utilities deal with the problem

Kooser, J.C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

ASA conference on radiation and health: Health effects of electric and magnetic fields: Statistical support for research strategies. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a collection of papers documenting presentations made at the VIII ASA (American Statistical Association) Conference on Radiation and Health entitled Health Effects of Electric and Magnetic Fields: Statistical Support for Research Strategies. Individual papers are abstracted and indexed for the database.

Not Available

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Retrospective modeling of the merit-order effect on wholesale electricity prices from distributed photovoltaic generation in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Retrospective modeling of the merit-order effect on wholesale electricity prices from distributed, the depression in wholesale prices has significant value. c 5 GW of solar generation would have saved $1.8 billion in the market over two years. c The depression of wholesale prices offsets the cost of support

Sandiford, Mike

112

The inertial and electrical effects on aerosol sampling, charging, and size distribution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental study was conducted to investigate the effect of particle inertia on deposition behavior near the filter cassette sampler. Field sampling cassettes were tested in a subsonic wind tunnel for 0.2, 0.5 and 0.68 m/s wind speeds to simulate indoor air environment. Fluorescein aerosols of 2 and 5 {mu}m were generated from Berglund-Liu vibrating orifice generator as test material. Sampling tests were conducted in a subsonic wind tunnel with variables of particle size, wind speed, suction velocity and orientation of sampler examined to evaluate the combined effects. Sampling efficiencies were also examined. Electrostatic force is usually used as an effective method for removing, classifying and separating aerosols according to the electrical mobilities of the particulates. On the other hand, the aerosol charging theories possess differences in the ultrafine size range and need experimental verification. The present TSI's electrostatic aerosol analyzer has particle loss problem and cannot be used as a reliable tool in achieving efficient charging. A new unipolar charger with associated electronic circuits was designed, constructed and tested. The performance of the charger is tested in terms of particle loss, uncharged particles, and the collection efficiency of the precipitator. The results were compared with other investigator's data. The log-Beta distribution function is considered to be more versatile in representing size distribution. This study discussed the method in determining the size parameters under different conditions. Also the mutability of size distribution was evaluated when particles undergo coagulation or classification processes. Comparison of evolution between log-Beta and lognormal distributions were made.

Wang, Chuenchung.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Diagnosing Market Power in California's Deregulated Wholesale Electricity Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in dereg- ulated wholesale electricity markets," RANDin California's Deregulated Wholesale Electricity MarketEffective competition in wholesale electricity markets is

Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, James; Wolak, Frank

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Multiobjective Design Optimization of Real-life Devices in Electrical Engineering: a Cost-effective Evolutionary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The optimal shape design of a shielded reactor, based on the optimization of both cost and performanceMultiobjective Design Optimization of Real-life Devices in Electrical Engineering: a Cost optimization of a device in electrical engineering, the exhaustive sampling of Pareto optimal front implies

Coello, Carlos A. Coello

115

LABORATORY V ELECTRIC CIRCUITS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lab V -1 LABORATORY V ELECTRIC CIRCUITS Electrical devices are the cornerstones of our modern world understanding of them. In the previous laboratory, you studied the behavior of electric fields and their effect on the motion of electrons using a cathode ray tube (CRT). This beam of electrons is one example of an electric

Minnesota, University of

116

GEOPHYSICS, VOL. 60, NO. 4 (JULY-AUGUST 1995); P. 998-1006, 6 FIGS., 2 TABLES. The effect of steam quality on the electrical behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEOPHYSICS, VOL. 60, NO. 4 (JULY-AUGUST 1995); P. 998-1006, 6 FIGS., 2 TABLES. The effect of steam quality on the electrical behavior of steam-flooded sands: A laboratory study David B. Butler* and Rosemary J. Knight* ABSTRACT Laboratory measurements of the effects of steam injection on the electrical

Knight, Rosemary

117

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

battery Utility electricity consumption Electricity providedis expressed in electricity consumption of the electricis expressed in electricity consumption of the electric

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Astrophysical Effects Related to Gravity-Induced Electric Polarization of Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The calculations in Thomas-Fermi approximation show that in a gravitational field each cell of ultra dense matter inside celestial bodies obtains a very small positive electric charge. A celestial body is electrically neutral as a whole, because the negative electric charge exists at its surface. The positive volume charge is very small, on the order of magnitude it equals to 10^{-18}e per atom only. But it is sufficient to explain the occurrence of magnetic fields of the celestial bodies and the existence of a discrete spectrum of steady-state values of masses of planets, stars, and pulsars.

B. V. Vasiliev

2000-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

119

Effect of internal electric field on InAs/GaAs quantum dot solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We studied time-resolved carrier recombination in InAs/GaAs quantum dot (QD) solar cells. The electric field in a p-i-n diode structure spatially separates photoexcited carriers in QDs, strongly affecting the conversion efficiency of intermediate-band solar cells. The radiative decay lifetime is dramatically reduced in a strong electric field (193?kV/cm) by efficient recombination due to strong carrier localization in each QD and significant tunneling-assisted electron escape. Conversely, an electric field of the order of 10?kV/cm maintains electronic coupling in the stacked QDs and diminishes tunneling-assisted electron escape.

Kasamatsu, Naofumi; Kada, Tomoyuki; Hasegawa, Aiko; Harada, Yukihiro; Kita, Takashi [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan)

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

120

Effect of automotive electrical system changes on fuel consumption using incremental efficiency methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There has been a continuous increase in automotive electric power usage. Future projections show no sign of it decreasing. Therefore, the automotive industry has a need to either improve the current 12 Volt automotive ...

Hardin, Christopher William

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Modelling the Effects of Nuclear Fuel Reservoir Operation in a Competitive Electricity Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In many countries, the electricity systems are quitting the vertically integrated monopoly organization for an operation framed by competitive markets. In such a competitive regime one can ask what the optimal management ...

Lykidi, Maria

122

Achieving A Long Term Business Impact by Improving the Energy Effectiveness and Reliability of Electric Motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Over 100,000 electric motors drive the production equipment throughout a large chemical company. The energy-efficiency and reliability of these motors during their entire life have a decided impact on the company's manufacturing costs and production...

Whelan, C. D.

123

Performance Enhancement of a Graphene-Zinc Phosphide Solar Cell Using the Electric Field-Effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance Enhancement of a Graphene-Zinc Phosphide Solar Cell Using the Electric Field, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, United States Material Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, United States § Department of Applied Physics

Javey, Ali

124

Direct electrical observation of plasma wave-related effects in GaN-based two-dimensional electron gases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, signatures of plasma waves in GaN-based high electron mobility transistors were observed by direct electrical measurement at room temperature. Periodic grating-gate device structures were fabricated and characterized by on-wafer G-band (140220?GHz) s-parameter measurements as a function of gate bias voltage and device geometry. A physics-based equivalent circuit model was used to assist in interpreting the measured s-parameters. The kinetic inductance extracted from the measurement data matches well with theoretical predictions, consistent with direct observation of plasma wave-related effects in GaN-channel devices at room temperature. This observation of electrically significant room-temperature plasma-wave effects in GaN-channel devices may have implications for future millimeter-wave and THz device concepts and designs.

Zhao, Y.; Chen, W.; Li, W.; Zhu, M.; Yue, Y.; Song, B.; Encomendero, J.; Xing, H.; Fay, P., E-mail: pfay@nd.edu [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States); Sensale-Rodriguez, B. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112 (United States)

2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

125

Information Effects in Valuation of Electricity and Water Service Attributes Using Contingent Valuation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and duration of power outages had a highly signi?cant negative impact on WTP. Willingness to pay for water attributes has mostly been analysed in devel- oping countries, mainly in Latin America and Asia. Casey et. al. (2005) use a CVM survey in the Amazon Basin... . In addition, the electricity industry will face the challenge of signi?cantly increasing the share of renewable energy in electricity gener- ation in order to meet the EU and government?s target of generating 20 per cent of energy from renewables by 2020...

Akcura, Elcin

126

Shear strain mediated magneto-electric effects in composites of piezoelectric lanthanum gallium silicate or tantalate and ferromagnetic alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Shear strain mediated magneto-electric (ME) coupling is studied in composites of piezoelectric Y-cut lanthanum gallium silicate (LGS) or tantalate (LGT) and ferromagnetic Fe-Co-V alloys. It is shown that extensional strain does not result in ME effects in these layered composites. Under shear strain generated by an ac and dc bias magnetic fields along the length and width of the sample, respectively, strong ME coupling is measured at low-frequencies and at mechanical resonance. A model is discussed for the ME effects. These composites of Y-cut piezoelectrics and ferromagnetic alloys are of importance for shear strain based magnetic field sensors.

Sreenivasulu, G.; Piskulich, E.; Srinivasan, G., E-mail: srinivas@oakland.edu [Physics Department, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan 48409 (United States); Qu, P.; Qu, Hongwei [Electrical and Computer Engineering, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan 48309 (United States); Petrov, V. M. [Institute of Electronic Information Systems, Novgorod State University, Veliky Novgorod (Russian Federation); Fetisov, Y. K. [Moscow State Technical University of Radio Engineering, Electronics and Automation, Moscow 19454 (Russian Federation); Nosov, A. P. [Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Division of Russian Academy of Sciences, 18 S. Kovalevskaya St, Ekaterinburg 620990 (Russian Federation)

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

127

Effect of real-time electricity pricing on renewable generators and system emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real-time retail pricing (RTP) of electricity, in which the retail price is allowed to vary with very little time delay in response to changes in the marginal cost of generation, offers expected short-run and long-run ...

Connolly, Jeremiah P. (Jeremiah Peter)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Effects of regional insolation differences upon advanced solar thermal electric power plant performance and energy costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study determines the performance and cost of four 10 MWe advanced solar thermal electric power plants sited in various regions of the continental United States. The solar plants are conceptualized to begin commercial operation in the year 2000. It is assumed that major subsystem performance will have improved substantially as compared to that of pilot plants currently operating or under construction. The net average annual system efficiency is therefore roughly twice that of current solar thermal electric power plant designs. Similarly, capital costs reflecting goals based on high-volume mass production that are considered to be appropriate for the year 2000 have been used. These costs, which are approximately an order of magnitude below the costs of current experimental projects, are believed to be achievable as a result of the anticipated sizeable solar penetration into the energy market in the 1990 to 2000 timeframe. The paraboloidal dish, central receiver, cylindrical parabolic trough, and compound parabolic concentrators comprise the advanced collector concepts studied. All concepts exhibit their best performance when sited in regional areas such as the sunbelt where the annual insolation is high. The regional variation in solar plant performance has been assessed in relation to the expected rise in the future cost of residential and commercial electricity in the same regions. A discussion of the regional insolation data base, a description of the solar systems performance and costs, and a presentation of a range for the forecast cost of conventional electricity by region and nationally over the next several decades are given.

Latta, A.F.; Bowyer, J.M.; Fujita, T.; Richter, P.H.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Understanding Microstructural Effects on Long Term Electrical Fatigue in Multilayer PZT Actuators*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

* Jens Müller+,a , Stephanie A. Hookera , and Davor Balzara,b a Materials Reliability Division, National) samples were produced by tape-casting and subsequent sintering at temperatures in the range of 1175 °C, such as domain reorientation and amount of secondary phases, explained the results of electrical observations. We

Balzar, Davor

130

Effect of Te Inclusions on Internal Electric Field of CdMnTe Gamma-Ray Detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We studied two separate as-grown CdMnTe crystals by Infrared (IR) microscopy and Pockels effect imaging, and then developed an algorithm to analyze and visualize the electric field within the crystals bulk. In one of the two crystals the size and distribution of inclusions within the bulk promised to be more favorable in terms of efficiency as a detector crystal. However, the Te inclusions were arranged in characteristic planes. Pockels imaging revealed an accumulation of charges in the region of these planes. We demonstrated that the planes induced stress within the bulk of the crystal that accumulated charges, thereby causing non-uniformity of the internal electric field and degrading the detectors performance.

Babalola, O.S.; Bolotnikov, A.; Egarievwe, S.; Hossain, A.; Burger, A.; James, R.

2009-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

131

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Edison (SCE) have time-of-use tariffs with stiff demandthe absence of a time of use tariff for electrical energy.the power of the time-of-use tariff. The xix The Effects of

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Towards Effective Clustering Techniques for the Analysis of Electric Power Grids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Clustering is an important data analysis technique with numerous applications in the analysis of electric power grids. Standard clustering techniques are oblivious to the rich structural and dynamic information available for power grids. Therefore, by exploiting the inherent topological and electrical structure in the power grid data, we propose new methods for clustering with applications to model reduction, locational marginal pricing, phasor measurement unit (PMU or synchrophasor) placement, and power system protection. We focus our attention on model reduction for analysis based on time-series information from synchrophasor measurement devices, and spectral techniques for clustering. By comparing different clustering techniques on two instances of realistic power grids we show that the solutions are related and therefore one could leverage that relationship for a computational advantage. Thus, by contrasting different clustering techniques we make a case for exploiting structure inherent in the data with implications for several domains including power systems.

Hogan, Emilie A.; Cotilla Sanchez, Jose E.; Halappanavar, Mahantesh; Wang, Shaobu; Mackey, Patrick S.; Hines, Paul; Huang, Zhenyu

2013-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

133

Efficiency Effects of Quality of Service and Environmental Factors: Experience from Norwegian Electricity Distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Initially, the focus of the early electricity sector reforms was mainly on implementing competition in the wholesale generation and retail supply activities. Meanwhile incentive regulation of the natural monopoly transmission and distribution networks may... ). However, it soon became evident that there is a potential conflict in the use of incentive regulation and provision of quality of service. Both theoretical arguments presented (e.g. Spence, 1975) and empirical findings (e.g. Ter- Martirosyan, 2003) have...

Growitsch, Christian; Jamasb, Tooraj; Wetzel, Heike

134

The influence of dislocations on the electrical properties of MOS field effect transistors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 2 minutes in boiling 2-propanol. 13. 2 minutes in boiling deionized water. 14. Blow dry in hot nitrogen. 50 VITA Found Antoine Raphael was born in Beirut, Lebanon on July 21, 1948, to Antoine and Najla Raphael. He attended College De La Salle... research assistant for the Department of Electrical Engineering during 1972, 1973 and 1974. His permanent mailing address is B. P. 52 , Jounieh , Lebanon. This thesis was typed by the author. ...

Raphael, Fouad Antoine

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Electric fields effect on liftoff and blowoff of nonpremixed laminar jet flames in a coflow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The stabilization characteristics of liftoff and blowoff in nonpremixed laminar jet flames in a coflow have been investigated experimentally for propane fuel by applying AC and DC electric fields to the fuel nozzle with a single-electrode configuration. The liftoff and blowoff velocities have been measured by varying the applied voltage and frequency of AC and the voltage and the polarity of DC. The result showed that the AC electric fields extended the stabilization regime of nozzle-attached flame in terms of jet velocity. As the applied AC voltage increased, the nozzle-attached flame was maintained even over the blowout velocity without having electric fields. In such a case, a blowoff occurred directly without experiencing a lifted flame. While for the DC cases, the influence on liftoff was minimal. There existed three different regimes depending on the applied AC voltage. In the low voltage regime, the nozzle-detachment velocity of either liftoff or blowoff increased linearly with the applied voltage, while nonlinearly with the AC frequency. In the intermediate voltage regime, the detachment velocity decreased with the applied voltage and reasonably independent of the AC frequency. At the high voltage regime, the detachment was significantly influenced by the generation of discharges. (author)

Kim, M.K.; Ryu, S.K.; Won, S.H. [School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea); Chung, S.H. [Clean Combustion Research Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal (Saudi Arabia)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

136

LABORATORY IV ELECTRIC CIRCUITS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LABORATORY IV ELECTRIC CIRCUITS Lab IV - 1 In the first laboratory, you studied the behavior of electric fields and their effect on the motion of electrons using a cathode ray tube (CRT). This beam of electrons is one example of an electric current ­ charges in motion. The current in the CRT was simple

Minnesota, University of

137

LABORATORY VI ELECTRICITY FROM MAGNETISM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LABORATORY VI ELECTRICITY FROM MAGNETISM Lab VI - 1 In the previous problems you explored the magnetic field and its effect on moving charges. You also saw how electric currents could create magnetic can give rise to electric currents. This is the effect that allows the generation of electricity

Minnesota, University of

138

Multiferroicity and magneto-electric effect in Gd{sub 2}BaNiO{sub 5}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the observation of electric polarization in the magnetically ordered state of the Haldane chain compound, Gd{sub 2}BaNiO{sub 5}, with strongly correlated magnetic and dielectric properties. The results of dc magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity measurements indicate two magnetic transitions, one corresponding to the anti-ferromagnetic order at T{sub N}???55?K and the other to spin-reorientation transition at T{sub SR}???24?K. The dielectric permittivity (?{sub r}{sup ?}) and loss (tan?) also exhibit anomalies in the vicinity of T{sub SR} and T{sub N}, respectively. Below the spin-reorientation transition, concurrently magnetic-field-induced spin-flop and the meta-electric transitions are observed at a critical magnetic field in isothermal magnetization and magneto-dielectric results, respectively. Another interesting finding is that ??{sub r}{sup ?} (=(?{sub r}{sup ?}(H)??{sub r}{sup ?}(0))/?{sub r}{sup ?}(0)) changes its sign at the critical magnetic field. The origin of the observed magneto-electric effect is discussed on the basis of spinphonon coupling.

Chowki, S.; Mohapatra, N., E-mail: niharika@iitbbs.ac.in [Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751013 (India); Basu, Tathamay; Singh, K.; Sampathkumaran, E. V. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400005 (India)

2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

139

CO{sub 2} allowance allocation in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the effect on electricity investors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) is an effort by nine Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states to develop a regional, mandatory, market-based cap-and-trade program to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the electricity sector. The initiative is expected to lead to an increase in the price of electricity in the RGGI region and beyond. The implications of these changes for the value of electricity-generating assets and the market value of the firms that own them depends on the initial allocation of carbon dioxide allowances, the composition of generating assets owned by the firm, and the locations of those assets. Changes in asset values inside the RGGI region may be positive or negative, whereas changes outside of the RGGI region are almost always positive but nonetheless vary greatly. Viewing changes at the firm level aggregates and moderates both positive and negative effects on market value compared with what would be observed by looking at changes at individual facilities. Nonetheless, a particular firm's portfolio of assets is unlikely to reflect the overall composition of assets in the industry as a whole, and some firms are likely to do substantially better or worse than the industry average. 16 refs., 4 figs.

Dallas Burtraw; Danny Kahn; Karen Palmerook

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

Effects of Temporal Wind Patterns on the Value of Wind-Generated Electricity in California and the Northwest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Netherlands," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 23, pp.electric power system. While performing the analysis reported here, he was a research

Wiser, Ryan H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Electricity | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the current electric grid into the next-generation grid. PE enable utilities to deliver power to their customers effectively while providing increased reliability, security, and...

142

Electric field induced localization phenomena in a ladder network with superlattice configuration: Effect of backbone environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric field induced localization properties of a tight-binding ladder network in presence of backbone sites are investigated. Based on Green's function formalism we numerically calculate two-terminal transport together with density of states for different arrangements of atomic sites in the ladder and its backbone. Our results lead to a possibility of getting multiple mobility edges which essentially plays a switching action between a completely opaque to fully or partly conducting region upon the variation of system Fermi energy, and thus, support in fabricating mesoscopic or DNA-based switching devices.

Dutta, Paramita; Karmakar, S. N. [Condensed Matter Physics Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Sector-I, Block-AF, Bidhannagar, Kolkata-700 064 (India); Maiti, Santanu K., E-mail: santanu.maiti@isical.ac.in [Physics and Applied Mathematics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203 Barrackpore Trunk Road, Kolkata-700 108 (India)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

Effect of nonlinear absorption on electric field applied lead chloride by Z-scan technique  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The preparation, spectral response and optical nonlinearity of gel grown lead chloride single crystals subjected to electric field of 20V using parallel plate arrangements have been investigated. Optical band gap of the samples were determined using linear absorption spectra. Open aperture z-scan was employed for the determination of nonlinear absorption coefficient of PbCl{sub 2} solution. The normalized transmittance curve exhibits a valley shows reverse saturable absorption. The non linear absorption at different input fluences were recorded using a single Gaussian laser beam in tight focus geometry. The RSA nature of the sample makes it suitable for optical limiting applications.

Rejeena, I. [International School of Photonics, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Cochin Kerala, India and M.S.M. College, Kayamkulam, Kerala (India); Lillibai,; Nampoori, V. P. N.; Radhakrishnan, P. [International School of Photonics, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Cochin Kerala (India); Rahimkutty, M. H. [M.S.M. College, Kayamkulam, Kerala (India)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

144

Effects of Temporal Wind Patterns on the Value of Wind-Generated Electricity in California and the Northwest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laboratory, private communi- cation, March 12, 2004. WECC, "WECC 2006 Power Supply Assessment," Western Electricity

Wiser, Ryan H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Electrical gating effects on the magnetic properties of (Ga,Mn)As diluted magnetic semiconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-effect transistor (FET) based on low-doped Ga0.975Mn0.025As was fabricated. It has an in-built n-GaAs back-gate, which, in addition to being a normal gate, enhances the gating effects, especially in the depletion of the epilayer, by decreasing the effective channel...

Owen, Man Hon Samuel

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

146

The effects of Title IV of the Clean Air Act amendments of 1990 on electric utilities: An update  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents data and analyses related to Phase I implementation of the Clean Air Act Amendment by electric utilities. It describes the strategies used to comply with the Acid Rain Program in 1995, the effect of compliance on sulfur dioxide emissions levels, the cost of compliance, and the effects of the program on coal supply and demand. The first year of Phase I demonstrated that the market-based sulfur dioxide emissions control system could achieve significant reductions in emissions at lower than expected costs. Some utilities reduced aggregate emissions below legal requirements due to economic incentives; other utilities purchased additional allowances to avoid noncompliance. More than half of the utilities switched to or blended with lower sulfur coal, due to price reductions in the coal market which were partially due to the allowance trading program. 21 figs., 20 tabs.

NONE

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Effects of the roughness characteristics on the wire tool surface for the electrical discharge machining properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wire electrical discharge machining (WEDM) has been investigated to obtain the better discharge machining properties of the removal rate and the surface roughness in a few decades. Recently, it revealed that the rough tool electrodes can improve the WEDM properties for some sort of materials. In this study, the rough wire electrodes using a wet blasting method was developed and evaluated the machining performance for the insulated Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} in the WEDM processes. As the results, it could not recognize the advantage of roughness wire electrode under the high-energy condition, but it found that the electro-conductive layer thickness became thinner in comparison with those of normal wires. On the contrary, it could be obtained the better surface roughness in the low energy condition. It was supposed that the roughed wire surface generates the homogeneous dispersion discharges on the workpiece.

Fukuzawa, Yasushi; Yamashita, Masahide; Mamuro, Hiroaki; Yamashita, Ken [Nagaoka University of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-machi, Nagaoka, Niigata, 940-2188 (Japan); Ogata, Masayoshi [Macoho Co., Ltd. 525 Kanawa, Isurugi-machi, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2032 JAPAN (Japan)

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

148

AVTA: 2010 Electric Vehicles International Neighborhood Electric...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

10 Electric Vehicles International Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Testing Results AVTA: 2010 Electric Vehicles International Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Testing Results The...

149

Hydrogenation-induced edge magnetization in armchair MoS{sub 2} nanoribbon and electric field effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We performed density functional theory study on the electronic and magnetic properties of armchair MoS{sub 2} nanoribbons (AMoS{sub 2}NR) with different edge hydrogenation. Although bare and fully passivated AMoS{sub 2}NRs are nonmagnetic semiconductors, it was found that hydrogenation in certain patterns can induce localized ferromagnetic edge state in AMoS{sub 2}NRs and make AMoS{sub 2}NRs become antiferromagnetic semiconductors or ferromagnetic semiconductors. Electric field effects on the bandgap and magnetic moment of AMoS{sub 2}NRs were investigated. Partial edge hydrogenation can change a small-sized AMoS{sub 2}NR from semiconductor to metal or semimetal under a moderate transverse electric field. Since the rate of edge hydrogenation can be controlled experimentally via the temperature, pressure and concentration of H{sub 2}, our results suggest edge hydrogenation is a useful method to engineer the band structure of AMoS{sub 2}NRs.

Ouyang, Fangping [Powder Metallurgy Research Institute and State Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China); School of Physics and Electronics, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China); Yang, Zhixiong; Wu, Nannan; Chen, Yu [School of Physics and Electronics, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China); Ni, Xiang [Physics program at the Graduate Center, City University of New York, 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York 10016-4309 (United States); Xiong, Xiang, E-mail: xiongx228@sina.com [Powder Metallurgy Research Institute and State Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China)

2014-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

150

Electricity Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability High Temperature Superconductivity (HTS) Visualization in the future because they have virtually no resistance to electric current, offering the possibility of new electric power equipment with more energy efficiency and higher capacity than today's systems

151

The state of energy storage in electric utility systems and its effect on renewable energy resources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the state of the art of electric energy storage technologies and discusses how adding intermittent renewable energy technologies (IRETs) to a utility network affects the benefits from storage dispatch. Load leveling was the mode of storage dispatch examined in the study. However, the report recommended that other modes be examined in the future for kilowatt and kilowatt-hour optimization of storage. The motivation to install storage with IRET generation can arise from two considerations: reliability and enhancement of the value of energy. Because adding storage increases cost, reliability-related storage is attractive only if the accruing benefits exceed the cost of storage installation. The study revealed that the operation of storage should not be guided by the output of the IRET but rather by system marginal costs. Consequently, in planning studies to quantify benefits, storage should not be considered as an entity belonging to the system and not as a component of IRETS. The study also indicted that because the infusion of IRET energy tends to reduce system marginal cost, the benefits from load leveling (value of energy) would be reduced. However, if a system has storage, particularly if the storage is underutilized, its dispatch can be reoriented to enhance the benefits of IRET integration.

Rau, N.S.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Curvature Effect on the Capacitance of Electric Double Layers at Ionic Liquid/Onion-Like Carbon Interfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent experiments have revealed that onion-like carbons (OLCs) offer high energy density and charging/discharging rates when used as the electrodes in supercapacitors. To understand the physical origin of this phenomenon, molecular dynamics simulations were performed for a room-temperature ionic liquid near idealized spherical OLCs with radii ranging from 0.356 to 1.223 nm. We find that the surface charge density increases almost linearly with the potential applied on electric double layers (EDLs) near OLCs. This leads to a nearly flat shape of the differential capacitance versus the potential, unlike the bell or camel shape observed on planar electrodes. Moreover, our simulations reveal that the capacitance of EDLs on OLCs increases with the curvature or as the OLC size decreases, in agreement with experimental observations. The curvature effect is explained by dominance of charge overscreening over a wide potential range and increased ion density per unit area of electrode surface as the OLC becomes smaller.

Feng, Guang [ORNL; Jiang, Deen [ORNL; Cummings, Peter T [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Experimental verification of effects of barrier dopings on the internal electric fields and the band structure in InGaN/GaN light emitting diodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We experimentally clarify the effects of barrier dopings on the polarization induced electric fields and the band structure in InGaN/GaN blue light emitting diodes. Both effects were independently verified by using electric field modulated reflectance and capacitance-voltage measurement. It is shown that the Si barrier doping does reduce the polarization induced electric field in the quantum wells. But the benefit of Si-doping is nullified by modification of the band structure and depletion process. With increased number of doped barriers, smaller number of quantum wells remains in the depletion region at the onset of the diffusion process, which can reduce the effective active volume and enhance the electron overflow.

Song, Jung-Hoon; Kim, Tae-Soo; Park, Ki-Nam; Lee, Jin-Gyu [Department of Physics, Kongju National University, Kongju, Chungnam 314-701 (Korea, Republic of); Hong, Soon-Ku, E-mail: soonku@cnu.ac.kr [Department of Advanced Materials Engineering, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Sung-Royng; Lee, Seogwoo; Whan Cho, Meoung [Wasvesquare Co., Inc., Yongin, Gyeonggi 449-863 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

154

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

charging kW Utility electricity consumption Electricityis expressed in electricity consumption of the electricis expressed in electricity consumption of the electric

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Hartford Steam Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power BasicsGermany: EnergyPower Finance Jump737002°, -76.8844179°RrlHartCo

156

The role of vibrant retail electricity markets in assuring that wholesale power markets operate effectively  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Barriers to competitive supplier entry such as California's wholesale-price pass-through model can provide an almost insurmountable barrier to effective retail competition. The telecommunications, airline, and software industries provide lessons--positive and negative--on how creating competitive wholesale markets is insufficient to bring the benefits of competition to smaller consumers.

Goulding, A.J.; Rufin, C.; Swinand, G.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF COST EFFECTIVE SURFACE MOUNTED WATER TURBINES FOR RURAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

model and design of hydro dynamically balanced rotor. Small-scale hydro power is the key source of serving the ever increasing demand of power requirements in the shortest time are driving forces for small/low head hydro power generation. This project intends to design and develop cost effective design

Sóbester, András

158

Interested but unsure: Public attitudes toward electric vehicles in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to pay for electric vehicles and their attributes. Resourceownership and use of electric vehiclesa review ofenvironmental effects of electric vehicles versus compressed

Lo, Kevin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Central Electric Coop. Oregon Trail Electric Coop. Douglas Electric  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Central Electric Coop. Oregon Trail Electric Coop. Douglas Electric Coop. Blachly- Lane Co. Coop Umatilla Electric Coop. Hermiston Milton- Freewater Idaho Co Light & Power Coop....

160

Electrical Engineer  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This position is located in the Office of Electric Reliability. The Office of Electric Reliability helps protect and improve the reliability and security of the nation's bulk power system through...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Comparison of the Radially Produced Electric-Field Shear Effects Analyzed from End-Loss Current and Central-Cell Soft X-Ray Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant effects of sheared transverse electric fields in plasmas on both turbulent fluctuations and drift waves are experimentally demonstrated with improvement in plasma confinement for the first time in the tandem mirror GAMMA 10. Here, electron-cyclotron heatings (ECH) for ion-confining potential formation are applied in association with a significant rise in the absolute value of the central-cell potential and the resulting formation of a strong shear of electric fields of the order of 10 kV/m2 in the radial direction of the plasma column (dEr/dr). The central-cell line density increases during ECH in association with decreasing fluctuations. Various fluctuation diagnostics, in particular, the frequency analyses of end-loss ion currents and central soft x-ray brightness, show the consistent features. This encourages the usefulness of potentials and radial electric-field shear for confinement improvements.

Hirata, M. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Cho, T. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Yoshida, M. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kohagura, J. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Numakura, T. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Yokoyama, N. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Tokioka, S. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Fukai, T. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Tomii, Y. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Miyake, Y. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Shimizu, K. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kiminami, S. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kondoh, T. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (Japan); Miyoshi, S. [Plasma Research Centre, University of Tsukuba (Japan)

2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ES 2. CA nursing home electricity pattern: July weekday lowJanuary and July weekday electricity and total heat (space +CA school weekday total electricity (inclusive of cooling)

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Electric vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quiet, clean, and efficient, electric vehicles (EVs) may someday become a practical mode of transportation for the general public. Electric vehicles can provide many advantages for the nation's environment and energy supply because they run on electricity, which can be produced from many sources of energy such as coal, natural gas, uranium, and hydropower. These vehicles offer fuel versatility to the transportation sector, which depends almost solely on oil for its energy needs. Electric vehicles are any mode of transportation operated by a motor that receives electricity from a battery or fuel cell. EVs come in all shapes and sizes and may be used for different tasks. Some EVs are small and simple, such as golf carts and electric wheel chairs. Others are larger and more complex, such as automobile and vans. Some EVs, such as fork lifts, are used in industries. In this fact sheet, we will discuss mostly automobiles and vans. There are also variations on electric vehicles, such as hybrid vehicles and solar-powered vehicles. Hybrid vehicles use electricity as their primary source of energy, however, they also use a backup source of energy, such as gasoline, methanol or ethanol. Solar-powered vehicles are electric vehicles that use photovoltaic cells (cells that convert solar energy to electricity) rather than utility-supplied electricity to recharge the batteries. This paper discusses these concepts.

Not Available

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

LABORATORY VI ELECTRICITY FROM MAGNETISM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LABORATORY VI ELECTRICITY FROM MAGNETISM Lab VI - 1 In the previous problems you explored by electric currents. This lab will carry that investigation one step further, determining how changing magnetic fields can give rise to electric currents. This is the effect that allows the generation

Minnesota, University of

165

Effect of composite microstructure on electrical and mechanical properties of poly(vinyl acetate) composites with carbon black and clay.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electrical and mechanical behavior of carbon black filled poly(vinyl acetate) latex-based and solution-based polymer composites was examined. A set of experiments were performed to distinguish composites with a segregated network (emulsion...

Miriyala, Sethu M.

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

The effect of falling market concentration on prices, generator behaviour and productive efficiency in the England and Wales electricity market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A universal prediction of the various oligopoly models used to predict and explain behaviour in the England and Wales (E&W) electricity wholesale market is that divestiture of plants by the two large incumbent generators ...

Sweeting, Andrew

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Effects of Temporal Wind Patterns on the Value of Wind-Generated Electricity in California and the Northwest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of electric power from potential wind farm locations inergy 1.5 MW wind turbine to calculate the potential powerpotential difference in wholesale market value between better- correlated and poorly correlated wind

Wiser, Ryan H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

CO{sub 2} Allowance Allocation in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the Effect on Electricity Investors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative among Northeastern states is expected to lead to an increase in the price of electricity in the region and beyond. In the RGGI region, changes in the value of electricity-generating assets may be positive or negative, while changes outside the Northeast are virtually always positive. For stakeholders in the industry, the change depends on the portfolio of assets held by affected firms. (author)

Burtraw, Dallas; Kahn, Danny; Palmer, Karen

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Axion-induced effects in atoms, molecules and nuclei: Parity nonconservation, anapole moments, electric dipole moments, and spin-gravity and spin-axion momentum couplings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the interaction of an axion field, or in general a pseudoscalar field, with the axial-vector current generated by an electron through a derivative-type coupling can give rise to a time-dependent mixing of opposite-parity states in atomic and molecular systems. Likewise, the analogous interaction of an axion field with the axial-vector current generated by a nucleon can give rise to time-dependent mixing of opposite-parity states in nuclear systems. This mixing can induce oscillating electric dipole moments, oscillating parity non-conservation effects and oscillating anapole moments in such systems. By adjusting the energy separation between the opposite-parity states of interest to match the axion mass energy, axion-induced experimental observables can be enhanced by many orders of magnitude. Oscillating atomic electric dipole moments can also be generated by axions through hadronic mechanisms, namely the P,T-violating nucleon-nucleon interaction and through the axion-induced electric dipole moments of valence nucleons, which comprise the nuclei. The axion field is modified by the Earth's gravitational field. The interaction of the spin of either an electron or nucleon with this modified axion field leads to axion-induced observable effects. These effects, which are of the form $\\mathbf{g} \\cdot \\mathbf{\\sigma}$, differ from the axion-wind effect, which has the form $\\mathbf{p}_{\\textrm{a}} \\cdot \\mathbf{\\sigma}$.

Y. V. Stadnik; V. V. Flambaum

2015-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

170

Effects of electrical stimulation on the myofibril protein degradation and fragmentation in bovine longissimus dorsi muscle and its relationship to tenderness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECTS OF ELECTRICAL STIMULATION ON THE MYOFIBRIL PROTEIN DEGRADATION AND FRAGMENTATION IN BOVINE LONGISSIMUS DORSI MUSCLE AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO TENDERNESS A Thesis by Maria Lucia Salles Cunha Procknor Submitted to the Graduate College... IN BOVINE LONGISSIMUS DORSI MUSCLE AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO TENDERNESS A Thesis by MARIA LUCIA SALLES CUNHA PROCKNOR Approved as to style and content by: Thayne R. Dutson (Co-Chairman) Jeffrey W. Savell (Co-Chairman) Konrad A. Eugster (Member...

Procknor, Maria Lucia Salles Cunha

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Electric Vehicles  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Burak Ozpineci sees a future where electric vehicles charge while we drive them down the road, thanks in part to research under way at ORNL.

Ozpineci, Burak

2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

172

Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Burak Ozpineci sees a future where electric vehicles charge while we drive them down the road, thanks in part to research under way at ORNL.

Ozpineci, Burak

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

173

Ch 16 Electric Charge &Ch 16. Electric Charge & Electric Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ch 16 Electric Charge &Ch 16. Electric Charge & Electric Field Liu UCD Phy1B 2012 #12;I Basic ConceptsI. Basic Concepts Static electricity: charges at rest Electric charge Like charges repel Unlike charges attract Liu UCD Phy1B 2012 #12;Electric ChargeElectric Charge Electron charge: -eElectron charge

Yoo, S. J. Ben

174

Electric machine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An interior permanent magnet electric machine is disclosed. The interior permanent magnet electric machine comprises a rotor comprising a plurality of radially placed magnets each having a proximal end and a distal end, wherein each magnet comprises a plurality of magnetic segments and at least one magnetic segment towards the distal end comprises a high resistivity magnetic material.

El-Refaie, Ayman Mohamed Fawzi (Niskayuna, NY); Reddy, Patel Bhageerath (Madison, WI)

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

175

Expected Sensitivity to Galactic/Solar Axions and Bosonic Super-WIMPs based on the Axio-electric Effect in Liquid Xenon Dark Matter Detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present systematic case studies to investigate the sensitivity of axion searches by liquid xenon detectors, using the axio-electric effect (analogue of the photoelectric effect) on xenon atoms. Liquid xenon is widely considered to be one of the best target media for detection of WIMPs (Weakly Interacting Massive Particles which may form the galactic dark matter) using nuclear recoils. Since these detectors also provide an extremely low radioactivity environment for electron recoils, very weakly-interacting low-mass particles ( 10^-33 (for mass 1 keV/c^2) or > 10^-27 (for mass 100 keV/c^2).

Arisaka, K; Ghag, C; Kaidi, J; Lung, K; Lyashenko, A; Peccei, R D; Smith, P; Ye, K

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Charged massive particle at rest in the field of a Reissner-Nordstrm black hole. II. Analysis of the field lines and the electric Meissner effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The properties of the electric field of a two-body system consisting of a Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole and a charged massive particle at rest have recently been analyzed in the framework of first order perturbation theory following the standard approach of Regge, Wheeler and Zerilli. In the present paper we complete this analysis by numerically constructing and discussing the lines of force of the "effective" electric field of the sole particle with the subtraction of the dominant contribution of the black hole. We also give the total field due to the black hole and the particle. As the black hole becomes extreme an effect analogous to the Meissner effect arises for the electric field, with the "effective field" lines of the point charge being expelled by the outer horizon of the black hole. This effect existing at the level of test field approximation, i.e. by neglecting the backreaction on the background metric and electromagnetic field due to the particle's mass and charge, is here found also at the complete perturbative level. We point out analogies with similar considerations for magnetic fields by Bi{\\v c}\\'ak and Dvo{\\v r}\\'ak. We also explicitly show that the linearization of the recently obtained Belinski-Alekseev exact solution coincides with our solution in the Regge-Wheeler gauge. Our solution thus represents a "bridge" between the test field solution, which neglects all the feedback terms, and the exact two-body solution, which takes into account all the non-linearity of the interaction.

Donato Bini; Andrea Geralico; Remo Ruffini

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

177

Electrical connector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrical connector includes a female component having one or more receptacles, a first test receptacle, and a second test receptacle. The electrical connector also includes a male component having one or more terminals configured to engage the one or more receptacles, a first test pin configured to engage the first test receptacle, and a second test pin configured to engage the second test receptacle. The first test receptacle is electrically connected to the second test receptacle, and at least one of the first test pin and the second test pin is shorter in length than the one or more terminals.

Dilliner, Jennifer L.; Baker, Thomas M.; Akasam, Sivaprasad; Hoff, Brian D.

2006-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

178

Effects of Temporal Wind Patterns on the Value of Wind-Generated Electricity in California and the Northwest  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind power production is variable, but also has diurnal and seasonal patterns. These patterns differ between sites, potentially making electric power from some wind sites more valuable for meeting customer loads or selling in wholesale power markets. This paper investigates whether the timing of wind significantly affects the value of electricity from sites in California and the Northwestern United States. We use both measured and modeled wind data and estimate the time-varying value of wind power with both financial and load-based metrics. We find that the potential difference in wholesale market value between better-correlated and poorly correlated wind sites is modest, on the order of 5-10 percent. A load-based metric, power production during the top 10 percent of peak load hours, varies more strongly between sites, suggesting that the capacity value of different wind projects could vary by as much as 50 percent based on the timing of wind alone.

Wiser, Ryan H; Wiser, Ryan H; Fripp, Matthias

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

The Effect of Offcut Angle on Electrical Conductivity of Direct Wafer-Bonded n-GaAs/n-GaAs Structures for Wafer-Bonded Tandem Solar Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9: Current vs voltage for various electrical test points of9. Current vs voltage for various electrical test points ofvs voltage (J-V) curves in Figure 11. Our observations indicated that sulfur passivation improves the electrical

Yeung, King Wah Sunny

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Engineering Electrical &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Engineering Electrical & Electronic Engineering Mechatronics Engineering Mechanical Engineering Civil Engineering Natural Resources Engineering Forest Engineering Chemical & Process Engineering ELECTIVE 2 Required Engineering Intermediate Year 2011 Eight Required Courses Chart: 120 points College

Hickman, Mark

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Engineering Electrical &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Engineering Electrical & Electronic Engineering Mechatronics Engineering Mechanical Engineering Civil Engineering Natural Resources Engineering Forest Engineering Chemical & Process Engineering ELECTIVE 2 Required Engineering Intermediate Year 2012 Eight Required Courses Chart: 120 points College

Hickman, Mark

182

Dissolved gas supersaturation associated with the thermal effluent of an electric generating station and some effects on fishes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

saturations of total dissolved gas were determined with a Weiss Gas Saturometer and ranged from 100. 5 to 115. 04 in the discharge water. Saturation levels were directly related to the power plant AT and the gas content of the intake water. Percent... hours. Red shiners were more susceptible to gas supersaturation than bluegiils or bass. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like to thank the Texas Utilities System including Dallas Power E Light Company, Texas Electric Service Company, and Texas Power C Light...

Ciesluk, Alexander Frank

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Effect of oxidizer on grain size and low temperature DC electrical conductivity of tin oxide nanomaterial synthesized by gel combustion method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanocrystalline Tin oxide material with different grain size was synthesized using gel combustion method by varying the fuel (C{sub 6}H{sub 8}O{sub 7}) to oxidizer (HNO{sub 3}) molar ratio by keeping the amount of fuel as constant. The prepared samples were characterized by using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Energy Dispersive Analysis X-ray Spectroscopy (EDAX). The effect of fuel to oxidizer molar ratio in the gel combustion method was investigated by inspecting the grain size of nano SnO{sub 2} powder. The grain size was found to be reduced with the amount of oxidizer increases from 0 to 6 moles in the step of 2. The X-ray diffraction patterns of the calcined product showed the formation of high purity tetragonal tin (IV) oxide with the grain size in the range of 12 to 31 nm which was calculated by Scherer's formula. Molar ratio and temperature dependence of DC electrical conductivity of SnO{sub 2} nanomaterial was studied using Keithley source meter. DC electrical conductivity of SnO{sub 2} nanomaterial increases with the temperature from 80K to 300K. From the study it was observed that the DC electrical conductivity of SnO{sub 2} nanomaterial decreases with the grain size at constant temperature.

Rajeeva, M. P., E-mail: jayanna60@gmail.com; Jayanna, H. S., E-mail: jayanna60@gmail.com; Ashok, R. L.; Naveen, C. S. [Department of P.G. Studies and Research in Physics, Kuvempu University, Jnanasahyadri, Shankarghatta, Shimoga- 577451, Karnataka (India); Bothla, V. Prasad [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-560012 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

184

Electric field induced spin wave generation for beyond CMOS magnonic logic devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF CALIFORNIA Los Angeles Electric field induced spin waveNath ABSTRACT OF THE THESIS Electric field induced spin wavestrain mediated magneto electric effect. We have conducted

Nath, Jayshankar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Electrical hazards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutronEnvironmentZIRKLEEFFECTS OFElaineElectric826Lab Electrical6,

186

ELECTRICAL & INFORMATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

focuses on. Smart Grids: Electricity networks are designed to transport energy from where of energy and smarter management of the system. These are called Smart Grids. A number of research projects in medical informatics, smart cities, mining, energy, financial systems, etc. Bioinformatics

Wagner, Stephan

187

Effects of electrical voltage/current on farm animals: How to detect and remedy problems. Agriculture handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The handbook examines (1) the history of stray voltage/current problems on farms, (2) the physical and electrical sources of stray voltage/current phenomena, (3) the physiological and behavioral bases for losses in milk production, (4) methods for identifying and detecting stray voltage/current problems, (5) methods for mitigating such problems, and (6) areas where further research may be warranted. While the primary emphasis is on cattle and dairy farms, the theories and procedures discussed are completely relevant to all types of livestock and livestock housing facilities. Recommendations are made for action levels and concerning mitigation techniques. The fundamental conclusion of the handbook is that stray voltages/currents can be reduced to acceptable levels.

Lefcourt, A.M.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Effects of Temporal Wind Patterns on the Value of Wind-GeneratedElectricity at Different Sites in California and the Northwest  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind power production varies on a diurnal and seasonal basis. In this paper, we use wind speed data from three different sources to assess the effects of wind timing on the value of electric power from potential wind farm locations in California and the Northwestern United States. By ''value'', we refer to either the contribution of wind power to meeting the electric system's peak loads, or the financial value of wind power in electricity markets. Sites for wind power projects are often screened or compared based on the annual average power production that would be expected from wind turbines at each site (Baban and Parry 2001; Brower et al. 2004; Jangamshetti and Rau 2001; Nielsen et al. 2002; Roy 2002; Schwartz 1999). However, at many locations, variations in wind speeds during the day and year are correlated with variations in the electric power system's load and wholesale market prices (Burton et al. 2001; Carlin 1983; Kennedy and Rogers 2003; Man Bae and Devine 1978; Sezgen et al. 1998); this correlation may raise or lower the value of wind power generated at each location. A number of previous reports address this issue somewhat indirectly by studying the contribution of individual wind power sites to the reliability or economic operation of the electric grid, using hourly wind speed data (Fleten et al.; Kahn 1991; Kirby et al. 2003; Milligan 2002; van Wijk et al. 1992). However, we have not identified any previous study that examines the effect of variations in wind timing across a broad geographical area on wholesale market value or capacity contribution of those different wind power sites. We have done so, to determine whether it is important to consider wind-timing when planning wind power development, and to try to identify locations where timing would have a more positive or negative effect. The research reported in this paper seeks to answer three specific questions: (1) How large of an effect can the temporal variation of wind power have on the value of wind in different wind resource areas? (2) Which locations are affected most positively or negatively by the seasonal and diurnal timing of wind speeds? (3) How compatible are wind resources in California and the Northwest (Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana and Wyoming) with wholesale power prices and loads in either region? The latter question is motivated by the fact that wind power projects in the Northwest could sell their output into California (and vice versa), and that California has an aggressive renewable energy policy that may ultimately yield such imports. We also assess whether modeled wind data from TrueWind Solutions, LLC, can help answer such questions, by comparing results found using the TrueWind data to those found using anemometers or wind farm power production data. This paper summarizes results that are presented in more detail in a recent report from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Fripp and Wiser 2006). The full report is available at http://eetd.lbl.gov/EA/EMP/re-pubs.html.

Fripp, Matthias; Wiser, Ryan

2006-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

189

Peak-Coincident Demand Savings from Behavior-Based Programs: Evidence from PPL Electric's Behavior and Education Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Review. Energy Policy 38 PPL Electric. 2012. First AnnualBased Programs: Evidence from PPL Electrics Behavior andreports on the effects of PPL Electrics behavior-based

Stewart, James

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

LABORATORY II ELECTRIC FIELDS AND ELECTRIC POTENTIALS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lab II - 1 LABORATORY II ELECTRIC FIELDS AND ELECTRIC POTENTIALS In this lab you will continue to investigate the abstract concept of electric field. If you know the electric field at a point in space, you). With this simulation you can construct a complicated charge configuration and read out the resulting electric field

Minnesota, University of

191

Electrical and Computer Engineering Electrical Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrical and Computer Engineering Electrical Engineering Department Website: www.iit.edu/engineering/ece Electrical engineering is concerned with the generation, transmission, and utilization of electrical energy and with the transmitting and processing of information. Electrical engineers are involved in the analysis, design, and pro

Heller, Barbara

192

Electrical Safety Committee Charter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ANL Electrical Safety Page DOE Electrical Safety Handbook General Statement Home & Office Equipment Statement APS Electrical Safety Update Guidelines for Working on Voltages < 240...

193

High Temperatures & Electricity Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Temperatures & Electricity Demand An Assessment of Supply Adequacy in California Trends.......................................................................................................1 HIGH TEMPERATURES AND ELECTRICITY DEMAND.....................................................................................................................7 SECTION I: HIGH TEMPERATURES AND ELECTRICITY DEMAND ..........................9 BACKGROUND

194

Qualitative reasoning about fault effects in electrical cir-cuits has reached a level of achievement which allows it to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- stance, the FLAME system (Pugh and Snooke 1996) per- forms failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) is employed for automated FMEA and diagnosis guidelines generation for mechatronic car subsystems

Hamburg,.Universitt

195

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

utility electricity and natural gas purchases, amortized capital and annual maintenance costs for distributed generation (utility electricity and natural gas purchases plus amortized capital and annual maintenance costs for distributed generation (

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

PUB-3000 Chapter 8 | ELECTRICAL SAFETY | REV'D 08/10 ELECTRICAL SAFETY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PUB-3000 Chapter 8 | ELECTRICAL SAFETY | REV'D 08/10 Chapter 8 ELECTRICAL SAFETY Contents Approved.5 Electrical Hazards r 8.5.1 Electrical Shock r 8.5.2 Delayed Effects r 8.5.3 Arc-flash r 8.5.4 Arc Blast r 8) r 8.6.3 Safe Work Practices r 8.6.4 Safe Work Rules 8.7 Energized Electrical Work Requirements r 8

Knowles, David William

197

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency requirements - Maximum emission limits Investment constraints: - Payback period is constrained Storage constraints: - Electricity stored is limited by battery

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Raft River Rural Electric Coop. Vigilante Electric Coop. Northern  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Farmers Electric Riverside Electric Minidoka Soda Springs Idaho Falls Lower Valley Energy Lost River Electric Coop. Fall River Rural Electric Coop. Salmon River Electric...

199

The effects of Co-Ti co-doping on the magnetic, electrical, and magnetodielectric behaviors of M-type barium hexaferrites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetic, electrical and magnetodielectric properties have been studied in Co-Ti co-doped M-type hexaferrite BaCo{sub x}Ti{sub x}Fe{sub 12-2x}O{sub 19} (x = 0 ? 4). With the incorporation of Co-Ti, both their ferromagnetic magnetization and coercivity have been greatly changed. The temperature dependent magnetization curve shows a apparent hump at around 420 K, likely in association with more complicated cycloidal spin ordering, which is closely related to ferroelectric polarization. Interestingly, a significantly enhancement in resistivity (?3 orders in magnitude) can be obtained in co-doped samples (x > 2), which is beneficial for magnetoelectric properties. The magnetoelectric effect were examined by dielectric tunibility under external magnetic field, which shows apparent tunability up to ??3% for sample with x = 2 at 1T magnetic field, further supporting it is a room temperature single phase mutliferroic material.

Guan, Yujie; Lin, Yuanbin; Zou, Liangying; Miao, Qing; Zeng, Min; Gao, Xingsen, E-mail: xingsengao@scnu.edu.cn [Institute for Advanced Materials, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006 (China)] [Institute for Advanced Materials, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006 (China); Liu, Zhongwu [Department of Metallic Materials Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640 (China)] [Department of Metallic Materials Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640 (China); Liu, Junming [Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)] [Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

200

Effect of {gamma}-ray radiation on electrical properties of heat-treated Tb{sub x}Sn{sub 1-x}Se single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of {gamma}-ray radiation on the electrical properties of heat-treated Tb{sub 0.01}Sn{sub 0.99}Se (sample 1) and Tb{sub 0.05}Sn{sub 0.95}Se (sample 2) samples is studied. It is found that, as a result of irradiation with {gamma}-ray 1.25-MeV photons, the charge-carrier concentration decreases in the temperature range T = 77-200 K by 17 and 6.3% for samples 1 and 2, respectively. It is assumed that, in the course of irradiation with {gamma}-ray photons, terbium impurity atoms are located between sites of the crystal lattice; in addition, Frenkel defects are formed.

Huseynov, J. I., E-mail: cih_58@mail.ru; Jafarov, T. A. [Azerbaijan State Pedagogical University (Azerbaijan)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

10 Kammen and others/p. 1 Cost-Effectiveness of Greenhouse Gas Emission Reductions from Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that stretches from fossil fuel­powered conventional vehicles (CVs) through hybrid electric vehicles 1-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Daniel M. Kammen1 , Samuel M. Arons, Derek M. Lemoine and Holmes Hummel Cars per year.2 Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles could alter these trends. On a vehicle technology spectrum

Kammen, Daniel M.

202

Illinois Municipal Electric Agency- Electric Efficiency Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Illinois Municipal Electric Agency (IMEA) offers rebates to member municipal utilities* (those who purchase wholesale electric service from IMEA) and retail customers for energy efficiency...

203

Effect of Ca Doping on the Electrical Conductivity of the High-Temperature Proton Conductor LaNbO4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The sintering properties, crystal structure and electrical conductivity of La1-xCaxNbO4- (x=0, 0.005, 0.01, 0.015, 0.02 and 0.025), prepared by a conventional solid-state method, have been investigated using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). In 2.5% Ca doped samples, a small amount of impurities Ca2Nb2O7 were observed from the XRD patterns. Impedance spectra show that the grain boundary resistance increases with increasing Ca content, while the bulk resistance remains essentially constant below 550 C. Despite the higher degree of grain growth was observed for higher Ca-doping levels, the total conductivity of the La1-xCaxNbO4- series decreases with increasing Ca content from 0.5 to 2.0 mol%. The activation energy for the total conductivity decreases with increasing Ca content from 0.71 eV (x=0) to 0.54 eV (x=0.01) for the high temperature tetragonal phase, then it increases to 0.60 eV for x=0.02. For the monoclinic phase, La0.995Ca0.005NbO4- shows the lowest activation energy of 1.26 eV. These results imply that the solubility of CaO in LaNbO4 is in the range from 0.5 to 1.0 mol%. By increasing the sintering temperature from 1500 C to 1550 C, the proton conductivity of the Ca-doped LaNbO4 was improved with enlarged grain size due to a reduction in the resistive grain boundary contribution.

Bi, Zhonghe [ORNL; Pena-Martinez, Juan [ORNL; Kim, Jung-Hyun [ORNL; Bridges, Craig A [ORNL; Huq, Ashfia [ORNL; Hodges, Jason P [ORNL; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING EECS Department  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING EECS Department The Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS) Department at WSU offers undergraduate degrees in electrical engineering, computer engineering and computer science. The EECS Department offers master of science degrees in computer science, electrical engineering

205

Renewable Electricity Futures Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable Electricity Futures Study Renewable Electricity Generation and Storage Technologies for Sustainable Energy, LLC. #12;Renewable Electricity Futures Study Edited By Hand, M.M. National Renewable;Suggested Citations Renewable Electricity Futures Study (Entire Report) National Renewable Energy Laboratory

206

Effective zero-thickness model for a conductive membrane driven by an electric field Falko Ziebert,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

membrane models is that they do not describe electrostatic effects associated with ion transport in details cells. A membrane can be driven out of equilibrium in many ways, for instance by ion concentration. The generation of ion con- centration gradients by internal means is controlled in bio- logical cells by membrane

Bazant, Martin Z.

207

The Effect of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes on Lithium-Ion Batteries and Electric Double Layer Capacitors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the overall performance of Li-ion batteries and EDLCs. SWNTs were incorporated into the anode of the Lithium carbon in the EDLC to act as conductors. An EDLC containing no SWNT was the control. Activated carbon secondary batteries High voltage (3.6 V) No memory effect lightweight EDLCs High power density High

208

The Effect of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes on Lithium-Ion Batteries and Electric Double Layer Capacitors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into the anode of the Li-ion battery and the electrodes of the EDLC to observe the effects it would have and resistance of the EDLC. If the use of SWNT also improves these devices, it would be evidence that Li-ion batteries and EDLCs are excellent options for more efficient commercial energy storage. Li-ion batteries

Mellor-Crummey, John

209

Study of the effects of accidentally released carbon/graphite fibers on electric power equipment. Program final report, June 5, 1978-June 5, 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The program to study the effect of accidentally released carbon fibers on electrical power equipment consisted of determining the vulnerability of system outage rates to carbon fiber contamination, and performing tests to quantitize the contamination required to cause flashover of external insulation. Part One of this final report describes an assessment of the vulnerability of power systems to accidentally released fibers from a composite burn. The assessment describes the effect of carbon fibers on individual component failure rates and discusses the effect the change in component failure rates has on the power system reliability. Part Two describes in detail testing performed to determine the vulnerability of external insulation to carbon fiber contamination. Testing consisted of airborne contamination tests on distribution insulators, limited tests on suspension insulators which are commonly used for transmission class voltages, and various tests to quantify the influence of fiber length, voltage stress, etc. on flashover characteristics. The data obtained and analysis performed during this project show that the change of system reliability due to an accidental release from burned carbon fiber composite is negligible.

Mauser, S.F.; Bankoske, J.W.; Cooper, J.H.; Davies, D.G.; Eichler, C.H.; Hileman, A.R.; Mousseau, T.E. Jr.; Rackliffe, G.B.

1980-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

210

Electrical receptacle  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a receptacle for a three prong electrical plug which has either a tubular or U-shaped grounding prong. The inventive receptacle has a grounding prong socket which is sufficiently spacious to prevent the socket from significantly stretching when a larger, U-shaped grounding prong is inserted into the socket, and having two ridges to allow a snug fit when a smaller tubular shape grounding prong is inserted into the socket. The two ridges are made to prevent the socket from expanding when either the U-shaped grounding prong or the tubular grounding prong is inserted.

Leong, R.

1993-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

211

Intraclass Price Elasticity & Electric Rate Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTRACLASS PRICE ELASTICITY &ELECTRIC RATE DESIGN KEVIN E. GRESHAM Senior Research Analyst Houston Lighting & Power Company Houston, Texas ABSTRACT PRICE ELASTICITY Electric ~ate design relies on cost incur rance for pricing and pricing... industries are already affecting electric utilities. Cogeneration is one example of competition which effects electric utilities. Utilities now have a competing source of generation which often causes load and revenue losses. Competition has specifically...

Gresham, K. E.

212

The Physiologic Effects of Multiple Simultaneous Electronic Control Device Discharges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

physiologic effects of conducted electrical weapon dischargePhysiological effects of a conducted electrical weapon onLL, et al. Respiratory effect of prolonged electrical weapon

Dawes, Donald M.; Ho, Jeffrey D; Reardon, Robert F; Sweeney, James D; Miner, James R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Electrical Equipment Inspection Program Electrical Safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrical Equipment Inspection Program Electrical Safety SLAC-I-730-0A11A-001-R003 23 March 2005 Document Title: Electrical Equipment Inspection Program Original Publication Date: 19 January 2005 Revised Publication Date: 23 March 2005 (updated 29 November 2010) Department: Electrical Safety Document Number: SLAC

Wechsler, Risa H.

214

The effect of deposition power on the electrical properties of Al-doped zinc oxide thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the effect on the electronic properties of aluminum (Al)-zinc oxide (ZnO) films by modulating the radio frequency sputtering power. Our experimental results show that increasing the sputtering power increases the Al doping concentration, decreases the resistivity, and also shifts the Zn 2p and O 1s to higher binding energy states. Our local-density approximation (LDA) and LDA+U calculations show that the shift in higher binding energy and resistivity decrease are due to an enhancement of the O 2p-Zn 3d coupling and the modification of the Zn 4s-O 2p interaction in ZnO induced by Al doping.

Chun, B. S.; Choi, Daniel S. [Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho 83844-3024 (United States); Wu, H. C.; Shvets, I. V. [CRANN, School of Physics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Abid, M. [IPMC, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Station 3, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); King Abdullah Institute for Nanotechnology, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Chu, I. C. [Data and Storage R and D Laboratory, Seocho R and D Campus, LG Electronics, Seoul 137-130 (Korea, Republic of); Serrano-Guisan, S. [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Bundesallee 100, 38116 Braunschweig (Germany)

2010-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

215

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in peak shaving by the battery and PV. Therefore, to satisfylow storage & 60% PV incentive Battery discharging BatteryElectricity input to battery Considering lower PV prices and

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

optimal could be acquired. Battery storage costs are roughlylead/acid battery) and thermal storage, capabilities, withcell electric storage heat storage flow battery abs. chiller

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Analyzing the Effects of Temporal Wind Patterns on the Value of Wind-Generated Electricity at Different Sites in California and the Northwest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Schwartz. 1993. Wind Energy Potential in the United States .for estimates of wind power potential. Journal of Appliedof electric power from potential wind farm locations in

Fripp, Matthias; Wiser, Ryan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Tests of Electric Polarizability on the Lattice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using clover fermions on CP-PACS dynamical configurations, we consider a number of ways of measuring hadronic electric polarizability, an $|\\mathbf{E}|^{2}$ effect in hadron masses, using lattice techniques. We consider the effects of periodic and Dirichlet boundary conditions, the field linearization postulate as well as a quantized electric field. We also consider two ways of formulating the classical vector potential which describes a uniform electric field in combination with the other possibilities.

Victor X. Guerrero; Walter Wilcox; Joe Christensen

2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

219

Jones Electric Moho Page 1 ImagingandobservingtheElectricalMoho  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jones Electric Moho Page 1 ImagingandobservingtheElectricalMoho Alan G. Jones Dublin Institute version: 18 July, 2012 Revised version: 06 February 2013 Keywords: Moho, electrical Moho, electrical conductivity, electrical resistivity, crustmantle boundary #12;Jones Electric Moho Page 2 Abstract

Jones, Alan G.

220

Spin rotation and birefringence effect for a particle in a high energy storage ring and measurement of the real part of the coherent elastic zero-angle scattering amplitude, electric and magnetic polarizabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present paper the equations for the spin evolution of a particle in a storage ring are analyzed considering contributions from the tensor electric and magnetic polarizabilities of the particle. Study of spin rotation and birefringence effect for a particle in a high energy storage ring provides for measurement as the real part of the coherent elastic zero-angle scattering amplitude as well as tensor electric and magnetic polarizabilities. We proposed the method for measurement the real part of the elastic coherent zero-angle scattering amplitude of particles and nuclei in a storage ring by the paramagnetic resonance in the periodical in time nuclear pseudoelectric and pseudomagnetic fields.

V. G. Baryshevsky; A. A. Gurinovich

2005-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Effect of a high electric field on the conductivity of MnGa{sub 2}S{sub 4}, MnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4}, and MnGaInS{sub 4} single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of studying the effect of a high electric field on the conductivity of MnGa{sub 2}S{sub 4}, MnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4}, and MnGaInS{sub 4} single crystals are reported. The activation energy is determined in high and low electric fields. It is established that the decrease in the activation energy with increasing the external voltage is associated with decreasing the depth of the potential well, in which the electron is located.

Niftiev, N. N. [Azerbaijan State Pedagogical University (Azerbaijan); Tagiev, O. B. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

222

OHS Report# 02-099a, 06/26/08 ELECTRICAL SAFETY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OHS Report# 02-099a, 06/26/08 ELECTRICAL SAFETY The danger of injury through electrical shock is present whenever electrical power is used. All electrical equipment should be adequately insulated. The primary effects of electrical shock are due to current actually flowing through the body. Electrical burns

223

Precision measurement of the electric quadrupole moment of 31Al and determination of the effective proton charge in the sd-shell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

he electric quadrupole coupling constant of the 31Al ground state is measured to be nu_Q = |eQV_{zz}/h| = 2196(21)kHz using two different beta-NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) techniques. For the first time, a direct comparison is made between the continuous rf technique and the adiabatic fast passage method. The obtained coupling constants of both methods are in excellent agreement with each other and a precise value for the quadrupole moment of 31Al has been deduced: |Q(31Al)| = 134.0(16) mb. Comparison of this value with large-scale shell-model calculations in the sd and sdpf valence spaces suggests that the 31Al ground state is dominated by normal sd-shell configurations with a possible small contribution of intruder states. The obtained value for |Q(31Al)| and a compilation of measured quadrupole moments of odd-Z even-N isotopes in comparison with shell-model calculations shows that the proton effective charge e_p=1.1 e provides a much better description of the nuclear properties in the sd-shell than the adopted value e_p=1.3 e.

M. De Rydt; G. Neyens; K. Asahi; D. L. Balabanski; J. M. Daugas; M. Depuydt; L. Gaudefroy; S. Grevy; Y. Hasama; Y. Ichikawa; P. Morel; T. Nagatomo; T. Otsuka; L. Perrot; K. Shimada; C. Stodel; J. C. Thomas; H. Ueno; Y. Utsuno; W. Vanderheijden; . Vermeulen; P. Vingerhoets; A. Yoshimi

2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

224

University of Strathclyde Dpt of Electric Electrical Engineering...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strathclyde Dpt of Electric Electrical Engineering Institute for Energy and Enviro Jump to: navigation, search Name: University of Strathclyde, Dpt of Electric & Electrical...

225

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 The...

226

Electrical Generation for More-Electric Aircraft using Solid...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electrical Generation for More-Electric Aircraft using Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Electrical Generation for More-Electric Aircraft using Solid Oxide Fuel Cells This study, completed by...

227

Southeastern Electric- Electric Equipment Loan Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Southeastern Electric Cooperative is a member-owned electric cooperative that serves customers in the southeastern part of South Dakota. Southeastern offers a loan program for customers who want...

228

Electric Vehicle Research Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.................................................................................9 From diesel to electric: a new era in personnel transport for underground coal minesElectric Vehicle Research Group Annual Report 2012 #12;Table of Contents Executive Summary................................................................................8 C2-25 Electric Vehicle Drivetrain

Liley, David

229

Electric car Gasoline car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENAC/ Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares of an electric vehicle? Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares preference survey with choice situation contexts involving gasoline cars (Renault and competitors

230

ELECTRICAL ENERGY SYSTEMS ELECTRICAL ENERGY SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

countries to install solar energy technologies into local schools and hospitals. In its Energy PolicyMEng ELECTRICAL ENERGY SYSTEMS #12;MEng ELECTRICAL ENERGY SYSTEMS Electrical energy is vital aspects of modern life. One of the biggest challenges facing society is the need for reliable energy

Strathclyde, University of

231

Electrical safety guidelines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electrical Safety Guidelines prescribes the DOE safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety standards and guidance for DOE installations in order to affect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of these guidelines are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Electricity markets in the western United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article introduces the use of rigorous econometric tools to understand the geographic scope of the market for generation services. These tools are applied to data from the current wholesale electricity market in the western United States. The behavior of the current wholesale electricity market and the methods used to assess the expanse of the geographic market in the current wholesale electricity market can go a long way toward informing the discussion of pricing behavior and performance in a restructured electricity industry. First, the current wholesale electricity market is already effectively unregulated and suffers from the same technical complexities that face a retail electricity market. Consequently, understanding the supply and demand conditions that cause the extent of the geographic market for generation services to narrow in the current wholesale electricity market can shed light on which times the geographic expanse of the market may narrow in a restructures electricity market. Second, the techniques developed in this paper to assess the extent of the current wholesale electricity market can be applied readily to a restructured electricity market. Finally, because market conditions in the electricity industry are likely to change significantly in the next few years, as the structure of the electricity sector changes dramatically, this analysis of the geographic expanse of the market can provide a useful benchmark against which to compare post-restructuring wholesale price relationships.

Bailey, E.M.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

California's electricity crisis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The collapse of California's electricity restructuring and competition program has attracted attention around the world. Prices in California's competitive wholesale electricity market increased by 500% between the second ...

Joskow, Paul L.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Electricity Monthly Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

marketers to compete to serve customers and these competitive retail suppliers offer electricity at a market-based price. EIA does not directly collect retail electricity...

235

Electricity Monthly Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Update is prepared by the Electric Power Operations Team, Office of Electricity, Renewables and Uranium Statistics, U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), U.S....

236

ELECTRICAL & COMPUTER ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELECTRICAL & COMPUTER ENGINEERING SEMINAR "Towards Numerical Growth Model for Laser Damage is a senior member of IEEE (the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers), member of SPIE

237

Electricity Monthly Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

See all Electricity Reports Electricity Monthly Update With Data for September 2014 | Release Date: Nov. 25, 2014 | Next Release Date: Dec. 23, 2014 Previous Issues Issue:...

238

Electricity Monthly Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

See all Electricity Reports Electricity Monthly Update With Data for October 2014 | Release Date: Dec. 23, 2014 | Next Release Date: Jan. 26, 2015 Previous Issues Issue:...

239

Edison Electric Institute Update  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentationgiven at the Fall 2011 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meetingdiscusses the Edison Electric Institute (EEI) and the current electricity landscape.

240

Electric Motors  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Section 313 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 raised Federal minimum efficiency standards for general-purpose, single-speed, polyphase induction motors of 1 to 500 horsepower (hp). This new standard took effect in December 2010. The new minimum efficiency levels match FEMP's performance requirement for these motors.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Electric field effects on spin accumulation in Nb-doped SrTiO{sub 3} using tunable spin injection contacts at room temperature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on features in charge transport and spin injection in an oxide semiconductor, Nb-doped SrTiO{sub 3}. This is demonstrated using electrically tunable spin injection contacts which exploit the large electric field at the interface and its interplay with the relative permittivity of the semiconductor. We realize spin accumulation in Nb-doped SrTiO{sub 3} which displays a unique dependence of the spin lifetime with bias polarity. These findings suggest a strong influence of the interface electric field on the charge transport as well as on spin accumulation unlike in conventional semiconductors and opens up promising avenues in oxide spintronics.

Kamerbeek, A. M.; Vries, E. K. de; Wees, B. J. van; Banerjee, T., E-mail: T.Banerjee@rug.nl [Physics of Nanodevices, Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands); Dankert, A.; Dash, S. P. [Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-41296 Gothenburg (Sweden)

2014-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

242

Quantum Electric Field Fluctuations and Potential Scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some physical effects of time averaged quantum electric field fluctuations are discussed. The one loop radiative correction to potential scattering are approximately derived from simple arguments which invoke vacuum electric field fluctuations. For both above barrier scattering and quantum tunneling, this effect increases the transmission probability. It is argued that the shape of the potential determines a sampling function for the time averaging of the quantum electric field operator. We also suggest that there is a nonperturbative enhancement of the transmission probability which can be inferred from the probability distribution for time averaged electric field fluctuations.

Huang, Haiyun

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CA nursing homes is the constant total NYC heating load. Theand heating demand were performed for the CA nursing home.home meets all of its electricity demand via utility purchases and heating

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Analyzing the Effects of Temporal Wind Patterns on the Value ofWind-Generated Electricity at Different Sites in California and theNorthwest  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind power production varies on a diurnal and seasonal basis. In this report, we use wind speed data modeled by TrueWind Solutions, LLC (now AWS Truewind) to assess the effects of wind timing on the value of electric power from potential wind farm locations in California and the Northwest. (Data from this dataset are referred to as ''TrueWind data'' throughout this report.) The intra-annual wind speed variations reported in the TrueWind datasets have not previously been used in published work, however, so we also compare them to a collection of anemometer wind speed measurements and to a limited set of actual wind farm production data. The research reported in this paper seeks to answer three specific questions: (1) How large of an effect can the temporal variation of wind power have on the value of wind in different wind resource areas? (2) Which locations are affected most positively or negatively by the seasonal and diurnal timing of wind speeds? (3) How compatible are wind resources in the Northwest and California with wholesale power prices and loads in either region? The latter question is motivated by the fact that wind power projects in the Northwest could sell their output into California (and vice versa), and that California has an aggressive renewable energy policy that may ultimately yield such imports. Based on our research, we reach three key conclusions. (1) Temporal patterns have a moderate impact on the wholesale market value of wind power and a larger impact on the capacity factor during peak hours. The best-timed wind power sites have a wholesale market value that is up to 4 percent higher than the average market price, while the worst-timed sites have a market value that is up to 11 percent below the average market price. The best-timed wind sites could produce as much as 30-40 percent more power during peak hours than they do on average during the year, while the worst timed sites may produce 30-60 percent less power during peak hours. (2) Northwestern markets appear to be well served by Northwestern wind and poorly served by California wind; results are less clear for California markets. Both the modeled TrueWind data and the anemometer data indicate that many Northwestern wind sites are reasonably well-matched to the Northwest's historically winter-peaking wholesale electricity prices and loads, while most California sites are poorly matched to these prices and loads. However, the TrueWind data indicate that most California and Northwestern wind sites are poorly matched to California's summer-afternoon-peaking prices and loads, while the anemometer data suggest that many of these same sites are well matched to California's wholesale prices and loads. (3) TrueWind and anemometer data agree about wind speeds in most times and places, but disagree about California's summer afternoon wind speeds: The TrueWind data indicate that wind speeds at sites in California's coastal mountains and some Northwestern locations dip deeply during summer days and stay low through much of the afternoon. In contrast, the anemometer data indicate that winds at these sites begin to rise during the afternoon and are relatively strong when power is needed most. At other times and locations, the two datasets show good agreement. This disagreement may be due in part to time-varying wind shear between the anemometer heights (20-25m) and the TrueWind reference height (50m or 70m), but may also be due to modeling errors or data collection inconsistencies.

Fripp, Matthias; Wiser, Ryan

2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

245

Effect of LiAlO{sub 2} nanoparticle filler concentration on the electrical properties of PEOLiClO{sub 4} composite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: ? Structural modification of nano LiAlO{sub 2} filler increased conductivity. ? Good ionic conductivity for (LiAlO{sub 2}){sub 1.5}(PEO){sub 11}(LiClO{sub 4}) at room temperature. ? Nano LiAlO{sub 2} filler enhanced both ion migration and orientation. ? High dielectric properties for (LiAlO{sub 2}){sub 1.5}(PEO){sub 11}(LiClO{sub 4}) at room temperature. - Abstract: Nano-composite polymer electrolytes are receiving attention as potential candidates to be used as electrolyte membranes in lithium polymer batteries and other devices. In this work, polyethylene oxideLiClO{sub 4} based composite polymer electrolyte was prepared by solution casting method. The effect of LiAlO{sub 2} nanoparticle ceramic filler concentration on the structure and electrical conduction of the composite was studied. Nano-LiAlO{sub 2} was synthesized by solgel method. The samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction, Fourier Transmission-Infra Red, Differential Scanning Calorimetry, and tested by dielectric properties, Direct and Alternating current measurements as well as by impedance spectroscopy. All samples showed a behavior referring to an ionic conduction. Generally, the melting temperature of the polymer electrolyte decreased with filler concentration. Both thermal property and filler concentration influenced conductivity value. At room temperature, the highest ionic conductivity was 9.76 10{sup ?5} ohm{sup ?1} cm{sup ?1} for sample with a composition of (LiAlO{sub 2}){sub 1.5}(polyethylene oxide){sub 11}(LiClO{sub 4}). All results were correlated and discussed.

Masoud, E.M., E-mail: emad_masoud1981@yahoo.com [Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Benha University, Benha (Egypt); El-Bellihi, A.-A.; Bayoumy, W.A.; Mousa, M.A. [Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Benha University, Benha (Egypt)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

Hartford Neighborhood Healthy Homes Project (NeHHP) Checklist Definitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@uchc.edu DRAFT 11/13/2009 Combustion Appliance (nonelectric) that is not vented: Some combustion appliances, such as gas ranges and unvented space heaters, and other products (gas logs and charcoal stoves) discharge combustion products directly into the living area. Combustion byproducts can include strong

Oliver, Douglas L.

247

East Hartford, Connecticut: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37. It is classified asThis article is aAgHampton, Connecticut:8731°

248

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment of EnergyofDepartment of Energy SearsSprint SprintofThe

249

Hartford Landfill Gas Utilization Proj Biomass Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:Greer County is8584°,HardyIowa Dunlap,Hart County is a

250

West Hartford, Connecticut: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative Jump to: navigation, search Name: WestDundee is a620447°, -72.7420399°

251

City of Hartford, Alabama (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy Nebraska (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, searchAlabama (Utility

252

Hartford County, Connecticut: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:Photon Place:Net JumpStrategy |HammerfestHardscrabble

253

QER Public Meeting in Providence, RI & Hartford, CT: New England...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

& Local Affairs - New England Dominion Resources, Inc. Remarks of Joe Rose, President, Propane Gas Association of New England Remarks of Michael Trunzo, President & CEO, New...

254

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GWh) NG effect (%) carbon emissions (tC) carbon effect (%)GWh) NG effect (%) carbon emissions (tC) carbon effect (%)GWh) NG effect (%) carbon emissions (tC) carbon effect (%)

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Extracting Operating Modes from Building Electrical Load Data: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Empirical techniques for characterizing electrical energy use now play a key role in reducing electricity consumption, particularly miscellaneous electrical loads, in buildings. Identifying device operating modes (mode extraction) creates a better understanding of both device and system behaviors. Using clustering to extract operating modes from electrical load data can provide valuable insights into device behavior and identify opportunities for energy savings. We present a fast and effective heuristic clustering method to identify and extract operating modes in electrical load data.

Frank, S.; Polese, L. G.; Rader, E.; Sheppy, M.; Smith, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Edison (prolific inventor), Nikola Tesla (inventor of the electric motor, transformer), Dilbert (comic

Haykin, Simon

257

Massachusetts Electric Vehicle Efforts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Massachusetts Electric Vehicle Efforts Christine Kirby, MassDEP ZE-MAP Meeting October 24, 2014 #12 Provide Clean Air Grow the Clean Energy Economy Electric vehicles are a key part of the solution #12 is promoting EVs 4 #12;TCI and Electric Vehicles Established the Northeast Electric Vehicle Network through

California at Davis, University of

258

Electronics, Electrical Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCHOOL OF Electronics, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science IS IN YOUR HANDS THE FUTURE #12;SCHOOL OF Electronics, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science2 CAREERS IN ELECTRONICS, ELECTRICAL Belfast. Ranked among the top 100 in the world for Electrical and Electronic Engineering (QS World

259

EFCOG / DOE Electrical Safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFCOG / DOE Electrical Safety Improvement Project Project Area 4 ­Performance Measurement Electrical Severity Measurement Tool Revision 1 April 16, 2007 #12;Electrical Severity Measurement Tool Purpose: This tool is intended to determine the severity of an electrical energy event based

260

Syracuse University Electrical Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Syracuse University Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Tenure Track Faculty Position in Electrical Engineering The Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science is seeking applicants for a tenure track position in Electrical Engineering starting in August 2014 or January 2015. The department

Mather, Patrick T.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Renewable Electricity Futures Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable Electricity Futures Study Exploration of High-Penetration Renewable Electricity Futures PDF Volume 4 PDF #12;Renewable Electricity Futures Study Edited By Hand, M.M. National Renewable Citations Renewable Electricity Futures Study (Entire Report) National Renewable Energy Laboratory. (2012

262

Renewable Electricity Futures Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable Electricity Futures Study End-use Electricity Demand Volume 3 of 4 Volume 2 PDF Volume 3;Renewable Electricity Futures Study Edited By Hand, M.M. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Baldwin, S. U Sandor, D. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Suggested Citations Renewable Electricity Futures Study

263

Renewable Electricity Futures Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable Electricity Futures Study Bulk Electric Power Systems: Operations and Transmission by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. #12;Renewable Electricity Futures Study Edited By Hand, M.M. National Suggested Citations Renewable Electricity Futures Study (Entire Report) National Renewable Energy Laboratory

264

Introduction Computational Efficiency Electricity Portfolio Planning Electricity Portfolios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Computational Efficiency Electricity Portfolio Planning Electricity Portfolios 2009/11/30­12/01 István Maros Electricity Portfolio #12;Introduction Computational Efficiency Electricity Portfolio Outline 1 Introduction 2 Computational Efficiency 3 Electricity Portfolio Approximate

265

Introduction The electric power grid and electric power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inefficiencies in energy delivery, lowering generation requirements; · facilitate efficient and cost-effective charging of electric vehicles; · integrate the sustainable resources of wind and solar energy more fully, manufacturers, and utilities are already seeing new benefits from the emerging "smart grid version 1.0." As work

266

ISSN 1745-9648 The Impact of Electricity Market Reform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ISSN 1745-9648 The Impact of Electricity Market Reform on Consumers by Catherine Waddams Price ESRC, University of East Anglia CCP Working Paper 08-7 Abstract: We examine the effect of current electricity, where household expenditure surveys and electricity tariffs are available, we analyse the effects

Feigon, Brooke

267

ECE 438 Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Catalog Description: History of electric traction. Introduction to electric and hybrid-electric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECE 438 ­ Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Catalog Description: History of electric traction. Introduction to electric and hybrid-electric vehicle configurations. Vehicle mechanics. Energy sources and storage. Range prediction. Motor for HEVs. Electric drive components. Vehicle transmission system. Credits

268

Richmond Electric Vehicle Initiative Electric Vehicle Readiness...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

MO) Vehicles Home About Vehicle Technologies Office Plug-in Electric Vehicles & Batteries Fuel Efficiency & Emissions Alternative Fuels Modeling, Testing, Data & Results Education...

269

Enhancing Efficient Functioning of the Nordic Electricity Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhancing Efficient Functioning of the Nordic Electricity Market Summary and Conclusions 24............................................................................................... 7 2.2.3 Roles in enhancing effective functioning of the electricity market OF ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES BETWEEN AUTHORITIES, TSOS AND MARKET PLAYERS

270

Tuning Electrical and Optoelectronic Properties of Single Cadmium Telluride Nanoribbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tuning Electrical and Optoelectronic Properties of Single Cadmium Telluride Nanoribbon Maxwell C.e., electrical resistivity and field-effect transistor (FET) mobility) and optoelectronic property (photocurrent, and magnetic properties with potential application in nanoscale electronic, optoelectronic, spintronics

Chen, Wilfred

271

The Large Scale Roll-Out of Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the emissions reduction targets. Within the transport sector, electric vehicles (EV) are considered as one of the important mitigation options. However the effect of EVs on emissions and the electricity sector is subject to debate. We use scenario analysis...

Talaei, Alireza; Begg, Katherine; Jamasb, Tooraj

2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

272

Integration of decentralized generators with the electric power grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report develops a new methodology for studying the economic interaction of customer-owned electrical generators with the central electric power grid. The purpose of the report is to study the reciprocal effects of the ...

Finger, Susan

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Energy Department Releases Updated eGallon Prices as Electric...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

market continues to grow, electric vehicles will play a key role in our effort to reduce air pollution and slow the effects of climate change." Plug-In Electric Vehicle Sales...

274

Electric Time in Quantum Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effective quantum cosmology is formulated with a realistic global internal time given by the electric vector potential. New possibilities for the quantum behavior of space-time are found, and the high-density regime is shown to be very sensitive to the specific form of state realized.

Stephon Alexander; Martin Bojowald; Antonino Marciano; David Simpson

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

275

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability:A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In past work, Berkeley Lab has developed the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). Given end-use energy details for a facility, a description of its economic environment and a menu of available equipment, DER-CAM finds the optimal investment portfolio and its operating schedule which together minimize the cost of meeting site service, e.g., cooling, heating, requirements. Past studies have considered combined heat and power (CHP) technologies. Methods and software have been developed to solve this problem, finding optimal solutions which take simultaneity into account. This project aims to extend on those prior capabilities in two key dimensions. In this research storage technologies have been added as well as power quality and reliability (PQR) features that provide the ability to value the additional indirect reliability benefit derived from Consortium for Electricity Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) Microgrid capability. This project is intended to determine how attractive on-site generation becomes to a medium-sized commercial site if economical storage (both electrical and thermal), CHP opportunities, and PQR benefits are provided in addition to avoiding electricity purchases. On-site electrical storage, generators, and the ability to seamlessly connect and disconnect from utility service would provide the facility with ride-through capability for minor grid disturbances. Three building types in both California and New York are assumed to have a share of their sensitive electrical load separable. Providing enhanced service to this load fraction has an unknown value to the facility, which is estimated analytically. In summary, this project began with 3 major goals: (1) to conduct detailed analysis to find the optimal equipment combination for microgrids at a few promising commercial building hosts in the two favorable markets of California and New York; (2) to extend the analysis capability of DER-CAM to include both heat and electricity storage; and (3) to make an initial effort towards adding consideration of PQR into the capabilities of DER-CAM.

Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal; Lai, Judy; Coffey, Brian; Aki, Hirohisa

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

LABORATORY III ELECTRIC ENERGY AND CAPACITORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY You have a job in a University research group investigating the effect of solar flaresLABORATORY III ELECTRIC ENERGY AND CAPACITORS Lab III - 1 Our modern society functions in part because we have learned how to manipulate electrical energy. Almost all of our technology involves

Minnesota, University of

277

NSTX Electrical Power Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) has been designed and installed in the existing facilities at Princeton Plasma Physic Laboratory (PPPL). Most of the hardware, plant facilities, auxiliary sub-systems, and power systems originally used for the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) have been used with suitable modifications to reflect NSTX needs. The design of the NSTX electrical power system was tailored to suit the available infrastructure and electrical equipment on site. Components were analyzed to verify their suitability for use in NSTX. The total number of circuits and the location of the NSTX device drove the major changes in the Power system hardware. The NSTX has eleven (11) circuits to be fed as compared to the basic three power loops for TFTR. This required changes in cabling to insure that each cable tray system has the positive and negative leg of cables in the same tray. Also additional power cabling had to be installed to the new location. The hardware had to b e modified to address the need for eleven power loops. Power converters had to be reconnected and controlled in anti-parallel mode for the Ohmic heating and two of the Poloidal Field circuits. The circuit for the Coaxial Helicity Injection (CHI) System had to be carefully developed to meet this special application. Additional Protection devices were designed and installed for the magnet coils and the CHI. The thrust was to making the changes in the most cost-effective manner without compromising technical requirements. This paper describes the changes and addition to the Electrical Power System components for the NSTX magnet systems.

A. Ilic; E. Baker; R. Hatcher; S. Ramakrishnan; et al

1999-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

278

Daylighting, dimming, and the electricity crisis in California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dimming controls for electric lighting have been one of the mainstays of the effort to use daylighting to reduce annual lighting energy consumption. The coincidence of daylighting with electric utility peak demand makes daylighting controls an effective strategy for reducing commercial building peak electric loads. During times of energy shortage, there is a greatly increased need to reduce electricity use during peak periods, both to ease the burden on electricity providers and to control the operating costs of buildings. The paper presents a typical commercial building electric demand profile during summer, and shows how daylighting-linked lighting controls and load shedding techniques can reduce lighting at precisely those times when electricity is most expensive. We look at the importance of dimming for increasing the reliability of the electricity grid in California and other states, as well as examine the potential cost-effectiveness of widespread use of daylighting to save energy and reduce monthly electricity bills.

Rubinstein, Francis; Neils, Danielle; Colak, Nesrin

2001-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

279

Electric arc saw apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A portable, hand held electric arc saw has a small frame for supporting an electrically conducting rotary blade which serves as an electrode for generating an electric arc to erode a workpiece. Electric current is supplied to the blade by biased brushes and a slip ring which are mounted in the frame. A pair of freely movable endless belts in the form of crawler treads stretched between two pulleys are used to facilitate movement of the electric arc saw. The pulleys are formed of dielectric material to electrically insulate the crawler treads from the frame.

Deichelbohrer, Paul R [Richland, WA

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Electrically driven photonic crystal nanocavity devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interest in photonic crystal nanocavities is fueled by advances in device performance, particularly in the development of low-threshold laser sources. Effective electrical control of high performance photonic crystal lasers has thus far remained elusive due to the complexities associated with current injection into cavities. A fabrication procedure for electrically pumping photonic crystal membrane devices using a lateral p-i-n junction has been developed and is described in this work. We have demonstrated electrically pumped lasing in our junctions with a threshold of 181 nA at 50K - the lowest threshold ever demonstrated in an electrically pumped laser. At room temperature we find that our devices behave as single-mode light-emitting diodes (LEDs), which when directly modulated, have an ultrafast electrical response up to 10 GHz corresponding to less than 1 fJ/bit energy operation - the lowest for any optical transmitter. In addition, we have demonstrated electrical pumping of photonic crystal nanobeam LEDs...

Shambat, Gary; Petykiewicz, Jan; Mayer, Marie A; Majumdar, Arka; Sarmiento, Tomas; Harris, James; Haller, Eugene E; Vuckovic, Jelena

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Assessing Vehicle Electricity Demand Impacts on California Electricity Supply  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

management in the US electricity sector, Energy Policy, 23(deep reductions in electricity sector GHG emissions requireson the electricity sector. 19 Table 3.

McCarthy, Ryan W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Recent Graduate Electrical Engineer  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This position is located in the Office of Electric Reliability. The Office of Electric Reliability helps protect and improve the reliability and security of the nation's bulk power system through...

283

Electric Efficiency Standard  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In December 2009, the Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission's (IURC) ordered utilities to establish demand-side management (DSM) electric savings goals leading to 2.0% reduction of electricity...

284

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(megawatts) 32,547 9 Electric utilities 23,615 7 Independent power producers & combined heat and power 8,933 11 Net generation (megawatthours) 152,878,688 6 Electric utilities...

285

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

16,355 24 Electric Utilities 13,131 20 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power 3,225 30 Net Generation (megawatthours) 65,005,678 24 Electric Utilities...

286

ELECTRICAL & COMPUTER ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELECTRICAL & COMPUTER ENGINEERING SEMINAR "Agile Sensing Systems: Analysis, Design and Implementation" by Prof. Jun (Jason) Zhang Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Denver Tuesday requirements, computational complexity requirements, and robustness to time- varying physical environments

287

Electricity | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Sources Electricity Electricity January 22, 2015 State of the Union Remarks on Energy in Four Charts We dive into the data behind President Obama's State of the Union statements...

288

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

Mai, T.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

Mai, T.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

Mai, T.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

Hand, M. M.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Designing electricity transmission auctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The UK has ambitious plans for exploiting offshore wind for electricity production in order to meet its challenging target under the EU Renewable Energy Directive. This could involve investing up to 20bn in transmission assets to bring electricity...

Greve, Thomas; Pollitt, Michael G.

2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

293

2012 National Electricity Forum  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Project Development, Pacific Gas & Electric * Brad Nickell, Director of Planning, Western Electricity Coordinating Council 12:00 pm - 12:30 pm Audience comments 12:30 pm Adjourn 1...

294

Electrical conductivity of segregated network polymer nanocomposites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in both electrical and mechanical properties with low carbon black loading, while the solution-based composite achieves its maximum enhancement at higher carbon black loading (~25wt%). The effect of the particle size ratio between the polymer particle...

Kim, Yeon Seok

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

295

Intelligent Power Assist Algorithms for Electric Bicycles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electric hub motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Golden Motor electric bicycle model MT-Electric hub motor in the front

Fan, Xuan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS More Documents & Publications Interested Parties - WAPA Public...

297

The Case for Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

land Press, 1995 TESTING ELECTRIC VEHICLE DEMAND IN " HYBRIDThe Case for Electric Vehicles DanieI Sperlmg Reprint UCTCor The Case for Electric Vehicles Darnel Sperling Institute

Sperling, Daniel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Electric Vehicle Smart Charging Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Multiplexed Electric Vehicle Charging, US20130154561A1,Chynoweth, Intelligent Electric Vehicle Charging System,of RFID Mesh Network for Electric Vehicle Smart Charging

Chung, Ching-Yen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Electric Turbo Compounding Technology Update  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Turbo Compounding Technology Update Electric Turbo Compounding Technology Update 15 August, 2007 Carl Vuk 15 August, 2007 Carl Vuk Electric Turbo Compounding Highlights Electric...

300

Washington State Electric Vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Washington State Electric Vehicle Implementation Bryan Bazard Maintenance and Alternate Fuel Technology Manager #12;Executive Order 14-04 Requires the procurement of electric vehicles where and equipment with electricity or biofuel to the "extent practicable" by June 2015 1. The vehicle is due

California at Davis, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Reduces electric energy consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BENEFITS · Reduces electric energy consumption · Reduces peak electric demand · Reduces natural gas consumption · Reduces nonhazardous solid waste and wastewater generation · Potential annual savings products for the automotive industry, electrical equipment, and miscellaneous other uses nationwide. ALCOA

302

DOE HANDBOOK ELECTRICAL SAFETY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DOE HANDBOOK ELECTRICAL SAFETY U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 of 139 3.0 HAZARD ANALYSIS 3.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter provides tools for assessing electrical hazards). The risk of a worker to an exposed electrical hazard is determined by (a) the classification

303

Renewable Electricity Futures Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable Electricity Futures Study Executive Summary NREL is a national laboratory of the U for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Volume 2 PDF Volume 3 PDF Volume 1 PDF Volume 4 PDF #12;Renewable Electricity Futures. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Suggested Citations Renewable Electricity Futures Study (Entire Report

304

Electrical Generation for More-Electric Aircraft using Solid...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

DE-AC05-76RL01830 Electrical Generation for More-Electric Aircraft using Solid Oxide Fuel Cells GA Whyatt LA Chick April 2012 PNNL-XXXXX Electrical Generation for More- Electric...

305

Determination of Electric-Field, Magnetic-Field, and Electric...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electric-Field, Magnetic-Field, and Electric-Current Distributions of Infrared Optical Antennas: A Near-Field Determination of Electric-Field, Magnetic-Field, and Electric-Current...

306

Effects of transcutaneous thermal and electrical stimulation of the teat on pituitary luteinizing hormone, prolactin and oxytocin secretion in ovariectomized, estrogen-treated beef cows following acute weaning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, increasing ambient temperatures resulted in increasing concentrations of prolactin (93). Oxytocin Secretion. Milk ejection can be evoked by electrical stimulation of the nipples, of the mammary nerves or of the spinal cord (94). Hand milking, machine... entry of the milker, even before the actual milking began. Deis (99) found that milk ejection was seen in the rat when placed 17 within the sound of another mother suckling her offspring. Other workers have shown similar responses in the cow...

Cutshaw, Jonetta Lee

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Compliant alkali silicate sealing glass for solid oxide fuel cell applications: the effect of protective alumina coating on electrical stability in dual environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An alkali-containing silicate glass was recently proposed as a potential sealant for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). The glass contains appreciable amount of alkalis and retains its glassy microstructure at elevated temperatures over time. It is more compliant as compared to conventional glass-ceramics sealants and could potentially heal cracks during thermal cycling. In previous papers the thermal cycle stability, thermal stability and chemical compatibility were reported with yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolyte and YSZ-coated ferritic stainless steel interconnect. In this paper, we report the electrical stability of the compliant glass with aluminized AISI441 interconnect material under DC load in dual environment at 700-800oC. Apparent electrical resistivity was measured with a 4-point method for the glass sealed between two aluminized AISI441 metal coupons as well as plain AISI441 substrates. The results showed good electrical stability with the aluminized AISI441 substrate, while unstable behavior was observed for un-coated substrates. In addition, interfacial microstructure was examined with scanning electron microscopy and correlated with the measured resistivity results. Overall, the alumina coating demonstrated good chemical stability with the alkali-containing silicate sealing glass under DC loading.

Chou, Y. S.; Choi, Jung-Pyung; Stevenson, Jeffry W.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Compliant alkali silicate sealing glass for solid oxide fuel cell applications: the effect of protective YSZ coating on electrical stability in dual environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, compliant sealing glass has been proposed as a potential candidate sealant for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) applications. In a previous paper, the thermal stability and chemical compatibility were reported for a compliant alkali-containing silicate glass sealed between anode supported YSZ bi-layer and YSZ-coated stainless steel interconnect. In this paper, we will report the electrical stability of the compliant glass under a DC load and dual environment at 700-800 degrees C. Apparent electrical resistivity was measured with a 4-point method for the glass sealed between two plain SS441 metal coupons or YSZ-coated aluminized substrates. The results showed instability with plain SS441 at 800 degrees C, but stable behavior of increasing resistivity with time was observed with the YSZ coated SS441. In addition, results of interfacial microstructure analysis with scanning electron microscopy will be correlated with the measured resistivity results. Overall, the YSZ coating demonstrated chemically stability with the alkali-containing compliant silicate sealing glass under electrical field and dual environments.

Chou, Y. S.; Thomsen, Edwin C.; Choi, Jung-Pyung; Stevenson, Jeffry W.

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

309

Random Walks and Electrical Networks Electrical Network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feb 4, 2008 ... Random Walks and Electrical Networks. Hitting Probabilities and Voltage. Voltage. Connect a 1V battery to nodes a and b. ix,y is the current...

Jonathon Peterson

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

310

Electric Charge and Electric Field Electrostatics: Charge at rest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 16 Electric Charge and Electric Field #12;Electrostatics: Charge at rest Electric Charges of conservation of Electric Charge: The net amount of electric charge produced in any process is zero. Model, neutral). #12;· All protons and electrons have same magnitude of electric charge but their masses

Yu, Jaehoon

311

DIVISION 16 -ELECTRICAL 16000 GENERAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrical Code American National Standards Institute National Electrical Manufacturers Association Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers Insulated Cable Engineers Association 3. Three copies of the followingDIVISION 16 - ELECTRICAL _____________________________________________________________ 16000

312

How Green Will Electricity beHow Green Will Electricity be When Electric Vehicles Arrive?When Electric Vehicles Arrive?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How Green Will Electricity beHow Green Will Electricity be When Electric Vehicles Arrive?When Electric Vehicles Arrive? Edward S. Rubin Department of Engineering and Public Policy Department-carbon electricity and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) ? In light of the above, would adoption of PHEVs

313

Method for electrically isolating an electrically conductive member from another such member  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention relates to methods for electrically isolating a first electrically conductive member from another such member by means of an electrically insulating medium. In accordance with the invention, the insulating medium is provided in the form of MgO which contains a dopant selected from lithium, copper, cobalt, sodium, silver, gold and hydrogen. The dopant is present in the MgO in an amount effective to suppress dielectric breakdown of the MgO, even at elevated temperatures and in the presence of electrical fields.

Tsang, K.L.; Chen, Y.

1984-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

314

Electric power monthly  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares the Electric Power Monthly (EPM) for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. This publication provides monthly statistics for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source, consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator includes an intrinsically irreversible thermoacoustic heat engine coupled to a magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator. The heat engine includes an electrically conductive liquid metal as the working fluid and includes two heat exchange and thermoacoustic structure assemblies which drive the liquid in a push-pull arrangement to cause the liquid metal to oscillate at a resonant acoustic frequency on the order of 1000 Hz. The engine is positioned in the field of a magnet and is oriented such that the liquid metal oscillates in a direction orthogonal to the field of the magnet, whereby an alternating electrical potential is generated in the liquid metal. Low-loss, low-inductance electrical conductors electrically connected to opposite sides of the liquid metal conduct an output signal to a transformer adapted to convert the low-voltage, high-current output signal to a more usable higher voltage, lower current signal.

Wheatley, J.C.; Swift, G.W.; Migliori, A.

1984-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

316

Thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermoacoustic magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator includes an intrinsically irreversible thermoacoustic heat engine coupled to a magnetohydrodynamic electrical generator. The heat engine includes an electrically conductive liquid metal as the working fluid and includes two heat exchange and thermoacoustic structure assemblies which drive the liquid in a push-pull arrangement to cause the liquid metal to oscillate at a resonant acoustic frequency on the order of 1,000 Hz. The engine is positioned in the field of a magnet and is oriented such that the liquid metal oscillates in a direction orthogonal to the field of the magnet, whereby an alternating electrical potential is generated in the liquid metal. Low-loss, low-inductance electrical conductors electrically connected to opposite sides of the liquid metal conduct an output signal to a transformer adapted to convert the low-voltage, high-current output signal to a more usable higher voltage, lower current signal.

Wheatley, John C. (Los Alamos, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Los Alamos, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Analysis of data from electric and hybrid electric vehicle student competitions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy sponsored several student engineering competitions in 1993 that provided useful information on electric and hybrid electric vehicles. The electrical energy usage from these competitions has been recorded with a custom-built digital meter installed in every vehicle and used under controlled conditions. When combined with other factors, such as vehicle mass, speed, distance traveled, battery type, and type of components, this information provides useful insight into the performance characteristics of electrics and hybrids. All the vehicles tested were either electric vehicles or hybrid vehicles in electric-only mode, and had an average energy economy of 7.0 km/kwh. Based on the performance of the ``ground-up`` hybrid electric vehicles in the 1993 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Challenge, data revealed a I km/kwh energy economy benefit for every 133 kg decrease in vehicle mass. By running all the electric vehicles at a competition in Atlanta at several different constant speeds, the effects of rolling resistance and aerodynamic drag were evaluated. On average, these vehicles were 32% more energy efficient at 40 km/h than at 72 km/h. The results of the competition data analysis confirm that these engineering competitions not only provide an educational experience for the students, but also show technology performance and improvements in electric and hybrid vehicles by setting benchmarks and revealing trends.

Wipke, K.B. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Hill, N.; Larsen, R.P. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

2012 National Electricity Forum  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and Planning, Arizona Public Service * Jan Strack, Grid Planning, Regulatory & Economics Manager, San Diego Gas & Electric * Mario Villar, Vice President, Transmission, NV...

319

Electric Transmission Lines (Nebraska)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Public Service Commission has jurisdiction over all electricity transmission lines crossing over or under railroad tracks at public highway crossings. This section contains general regulations...

320

Capacity Markets for Electricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ternative Approaches for Power Capacity Markets, Papers andprof id=pjoskow. Capacity Markets for Electricity [13]Utility Commission- Capacity Market Questions, available at

Creti, Anna; Fabra, Natalia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

2012 National Electricity Forum  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Development, American Electric Power * John P. Buechler, Executive Regulatory Policy Advisor, New York Independent System Operator * Jim Busbin, Supervisor, Bulk Power, Southern...

322

Integrating Electricity Subsector  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. This publication is a corporate document that should be cited in the literature in the following manner:...

323

Electricity | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

between two of history's most important energy-related engineers: Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla. Edison and Tesla's developments in electric power generation and...

324

Joint Electrical Utilities (Iowa)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Cities may establish utilities to acquire existing electric generating facilities or distribution systems. Acquisition, in this statute, is defined as city involvement, and includes purchase, lease...

325

Electric power annual 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Annual presents a summary of electric utility statistics at national, regional and State levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policymakers, analysts and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets. The Electric Power Annual is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. ``The US Electric Power Industry at a Glance`` section presents a profile of the electric power industry ownership and performance, and a review of key statistics for the year. Subsequent sections present data on generating capability, including proposed capability additions; net generation; fossil-fuel statistics; retail sales; revenue; financial statistics; environmental statistics; electric power transactions; demand-side management; and nonutility power producers. In addition, the appendices provide supplemental data on major disturbances and unusual occurrences in US electricity power systems. Each section contains related text and tables and refers the reader to the appropriate publication that contains more detailed data on the subject matter. Monetary values in this publication are expressed in nominal terms.

Not Available

1994-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

326

ELECTRICAL & COMPUTER ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELECTRICAL & COMPUTER ENGINEERING SEMINAR "Considerations for Curriculum Planning and Computer Engineering Colorado State University Monday, Feb. 20, 2012, 11:00 a.m. Location: LSC 210 Abstract

327

Electricity Monthly Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and fuel consumption In this section, we look at the resources used to produce electricity. Generating units are chosen to run primarily on their operating costs, of which...

328

Electricity Monthly Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wholesale Markets: October 2014 The United States has many regional wholesale electricity markets. Below we look at monthly and annual ranges of on-peak, daily wholesale...

329

2012 National Electricity Forum  

Energy Savers [EERE]

of reliability, resource options, wholesale competition and market power, cost of electricity to consumers, environmental quality, or other? Are these consequences so...

330

Electricity Monthly Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wholesale Markets: September 2014 The United States has many regional wholesale electricity markets. Below we look at monthly and annual ranges of on-peak, daily wholesale...

331

Electrically conductive cellulose composite  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrically conductive cellulose composite includes a cellulose matrix and an electrically conductive carbonaceous material incorporated into the cellulose matrix. The electrical conductivity of the cellulose composite is at least 10 .mu.S/cm at 25.degree. C. The composite can be made by incorporating the electrically conductive carbonaceous material into a culture medium with a cellulose-producing organism, such as Gluconoacetobacter hansenii. The composites can be used to form electrodes, such as for use in membrane electrode assemblies for fuel cells.

Evans, Barbara R.; O'Neill, Hugh M.; Woodward, Jonathan

2010-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

332

Electric Utility Industry Update  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentationgiven at the April 2012 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meetingcovers significant electric industry trends and industry priorities with federal customers.

333

DOE Electricity Advisory Committee  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of the impact and benefit of wide scale use of variable resources including wind and solar power generation on electric power system reliability and greenhouse gas reduction; 3...

334

Perforation patterned electrical interconnects  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This disclosure describes systems and methods for increasing the usable surface area of electrical contacts within a device, such as a thin film solid state device, through the implementation of electrically conductive interconnects. Embodiments described herein include the use of a plurality of electrically conductive interconnects that penetrate through a top contact layer, through one or more multiple layers, and into a bottom contact layer. The plurality of conductive interconnects may form horizontal and vertical cross-sectional patterns. The use of lasers to form the plurality of electrically conductive interconnects from reflowed layer material further aids in the manufacturing process of a device.

Frey, Jonathan

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

335

Substrate-dependent post-annealing effects on the strain state and electrical transport of epitaxial La{sub 5/8-y}Pr{sub y}Ca{sub 3/8}MnO{sub 3} films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large scale electronic phase separation (EPS) between ferromagnetic metallic and charge-ordered insulating phases in La{sub 5/8-y}Pr{sub y}Ca{sub 3/8}MnO{sub 3} (y = 0.3) (LPCMO) is very sensitive to the structural changes. This work investigates the effects of post-annealing on the strain states and electrical transport properties of LPCMO films epitaxially grown on (001){sub pc} SrTiO{sub 3} (tensile strain), LaAlO{sub 3} (compressive strain) and NdGaO{sub 3} (near-zero strain) substrates. Before annealing, all the films are coherent-epitaxial and insulating through the measured temperature range. Obvious change of film lattice is observed during the post-annealing: the in-plane strain in LPCMO/LAO varies from ?1.5% to ?0.1% while that in LPCMO/STO changes from 1.6% to 1.3%, and the lattice of LPCMO/NGO keeps constant because of the good lattice-match between LPCMO and NGO. Consequently, the varied film strain leads to the emergence of metal-insulator transitions (MIT) and shift of the critical transition temperature in the electrical transport. These results demonstrate that lattice-mismatch combined with post-annealing is an effective approach to tune strain in epitaxial LPCMO films, and thus to control the EPS and MIT in the films.

Hu, Sixia; Wang, Haibo; Dong, Yongqi; Hong, Bing; He, Hao; Bao, Jun [National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory and School of Nuclear Science and Technology, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Huang, Haoliang [CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion and Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Energy Materials, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Yang, Yuanjun; Luo, Zhenlin, E-mail: zlluo@ustc.edu.cn; Yang, Mengmeng; Gao, Chen, E-mail: cgao@ustc.edu.cn [National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory and School of Nuclear Science and Technology, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion and Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Energy Materials, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

336

Effects of reduced voltage on the operation and efficiency of electric systems. Volume 3. Field tests in a northern utility service area. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Volume 3 of this three-volume report for RP1419-1 describes the tests on selected residential, commercial, and small industry areas of the Detroit Edison Company system and the statistical analysis performed on the test data gathered. The purpose of the field testing was to provide data to analyze changes in energy consumption due to changes in feeder voltage levels. Detroit Edison was chosen to represent a winter peaking load area. Original intent was to present these results simultaneously with results from a summer peaking load area, Texas Electric Service Company (TESCO). Unavoidable delays retarded the Detroit study results to this Volume 3. TESCO results were reported in Volume 1, and the Distribution System Analysis and Simulation (DSAS) program for these studies was presented in Volume 2 in the form of a User's Manual.

Chen, M.S.; Shoults, R.R.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Electrical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Electrical Contractors #12;Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook Infrastructure Installing plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charg- ing infrastructure requires unique knowledge Thanks to the Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Training Program for assisting with the production

338

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Berkeley Lab has for several years been developing methods for selection of optimal microgrid systems, especially for commercial building applications, and applying these methods in the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). This project began with 3 major goals: (1) to conduct detailed analysis to find the optimal equipment combination for microgrids at a few promising commercial building hosts in the two favorable markets of California and New York, (2) to extend the analysis capability of DER-CAM to include both heat and electricity storage, and (3) to make an initial effort towards adding consideration of power quality and reliability (PQR) to the capabilities of DER-CAM. All of these objectives have been pursued via analysis of the attractiveness of a Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) Microgrid consisting of multiple nameplate 100 kW Tecogen Premium Power Modules (CM-100). This unit consists of an asynchronous inverter-based variable speed internal combustion engine genset with combined heat and power (CHP) and power surge capability. The essence of CERTS Microgrid technology is that smarts added to the on-board power electronics of any microgrid device enables stable and safe islanded operation without the need for complex fast supervisory controls. This approach allows plug and play development of a microgrid that can potentially provide high PQR with a minimum of specialized site-specific engineering. A notable feature of the CM-100 is its time-limited surge rating of 125 kW, and DER-CAM capability to model this feature was also a necessary model enhancement.

Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal; Lai, Judy; Coffey, Brian; Aki, Hirohisa

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

339

A magneto-electric quantum wheel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here we show that self-propulsion in quantum vacuum may be achieved by rotating or aggregating magneto-electric nano-particles. The back-action follows from changes in momentum of electro-magnetic zero-point fluctuations, generated in magneto-electric materials. This effect may provide new tools for investigation of the quantum nature of our world. It might also serve in the future as a "quantum wheel" to correct satellite orientation in space.

Alexander Feigel

2009-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

340

Electricity Real Options Valuation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper a real option approach for the valuation of real assets is presented. Two continuous time models used for valuation are described: geometric Brownian motion model and interest rate model. The valuation for electricity spread option under Vasicek interest model is placed and the formulas for parameter estimators are calculated. The theoretical part is confronted with real data from electricity market.

Ewa Broszkiewicz-Suwaj

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Electricity Real Options Valuation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper a real option approach for the valuation of real assets is presented. Two continuous time models used for valuation are described: geometric Brownian motion model and interest rate model. The valuation for electricity spread option under Vasicek interest model is placed and the formulas for parameter estimators are calculated. The theoretical part is confronted with real data from electricity market.

Broszkiewicz-Suwaj, E

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Electrical shock accident investigation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents results of the accident investigation of an electrical shock received by two subcontractor employees on May 13, 1994, at the Pinellas Plant. The direct cause of the electrical shock was worker contact with a cut ``hot`` wire and a grounded panelboard (PPA) enclosure. Workers presumed that all wires in the enclosure were dead at the time of the accident and did not perform thorough Lockout/Tagout (LO/TO). Three contributing causes were identified. First, lack of guidance in the drawing for the modification performed in 1987 allowed the PPA panel to be used as a junction box. The second contributing cause is that Environmental, Safety and Health (ES&H) procedures do not address multiple electrical sources in an enclosure. Finally, the workers did not consider the possibility of multiple electrical sources. The root cause of the electrical shock was the inadequacy of administrative controls, including construction requirement and LO/TO requirements, and subcontractor awareness regarding multiple electrical sources. Recommendations to prevent further reoccurrence of this type of accident include revision of ES&H Standard 2.00, Electrical Safety Program Manual, to document requirements for multiple electrical sources in a single enclosure to specify a thorough visual inspection as part of the voltage check process. In addition, the formality of LO/TO awareness training for subcontractor electricians should be increased.

Not Available

1994-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

343

Hawaii electric system reliability.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report addresses Hawaii electric system reliability issues; greater emphasis is placed on short-term reliability but resource adequacy is reviewed in reference to electric consumers' views of reliability %E2%80%9Cworth%E2%80%9D and the reserve capacity required to deliver that value. The report begins with a description of the Hawaii electric system to the extent permitted by publicly available data. Electrical engineering literature in the area of electric reliability is researched and briefly reviewed. North American Electric Reliability Corporation standards and measures for generation and transmission are reviewed and identified as to their appropriateness for various portions of the electric grid and for application in Hawaii. Analysis of frequency data supplied by the State of Hawaii Public Utilities Commission is presented together with comparison and contrast of performance of each of the systems for two years, 2010 and 2011. Literature tracing the development of reliability economics is reviewed and referenced. A method is explained for integrating system cost with outage cost to determine the optimal resource adequacy given customers' views of the value contributed by reliable electric supply. The report concludes with findings and recommendations for reliability in the State of Hawaii.

Silva Monroy, Cesar Augusto; Loose, Verne William

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Electrical Demand Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Almost every building owner or manager is interested in controlling electrical costs. Since the HVAC system is a large user of electricity, this article will discuss what can be done in the HVAC system to influence parts of the utility bill....

Eppelheimer, D. M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Superconductivity for Electric Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Superconductivity for Electric Systems Superconductivity Program Quarterly Progress Report For the Period October 1, 2006, to December 31, 2006 #12;2 Superconductivity Program Quarterly Progress Report Superconductivity Program Oak Ridge National Laboratory For U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery

346

Superconductivity for Electric Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Superconductivity for Electric Systems Superconductivity Program Quarterly Progress Report For the Period January 1, 2007 to March 31, 2007 #12;2 Superconductivity Program Quarterly Progress Report Superconductivity Program Oak Ridge National Laboratory For: Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery

347

Superconductivity for Electric Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Superconductivity for Electric Systems Superconductivity Program Quarterly Progress Report For the Period April 1, 2007, to June 30, 2007 #12;2 Superconductivity Program Quarterly Progress Report Superconductivity Program Oak Ridge National Laboratory For: Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery

348

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It is being presented at the Utility Variable-Generation Integration Group Fall Technical Workshop on October 24, 2012.

Hand, M.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It was presented in a Power Systems Engineering Research Center webinar on September 4, 2012.

Mai, T.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It was presented in an Union of Concerned Scientists webinar on June 12, 2012.

Hand, M.; Mai, T.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Energy 101: Electric Vehicles  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

This edition of Energy 101 highlights the benefits of electric vehicles, including improved fuel efficiency, reduced emissions, and lower maintenance costs. For more information on electric vehicles from the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, visit the Vehicle Technologies Program website: http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/

None

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

352

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It was presented in a webinar given by the California Energy Commission.

Hand, M. M.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. This presentation was presented in a Wind Powering America webinar on August 15, 2012 and is now available through the Wind Powering America website.

Mai, T.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING Curriculum Notes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

choices. Replace MAT 521 (Probability and Statistics 3 credits) with CIS 321 (Intro. to Probability Engineering and Computer Science there are four tracks in electrical engineering. Communications Track: ELEELECTRICAL ENGINEERING Curriculum Notes 2013-2014 1. Electrical Engineering (EE) students must

Mather, Patrick T.

355

Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act : Legislative History of the Act to Assist the Electrical Consumers of the Pacific Northwest through use of the Federal Columbia River Power System to Achieve Cost-Effective Energy Conservation : P.L. 96-501, 94 Stat. 2697.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act became effective when it was signed into law by President Carter on December 5, 1980. This ended a four-year debate over legislation designed to plan and coordinate the region's energy future. This legislative history is an abbreviated version taken from the larger historical file maintained by the BPA Law Library. It is intended to assist BPA personnel and others who are studying the Northwest Power Act and working on its implementation. The documents included were selected for their value in determining what Congress meant in enacting the statute and to provide the researcher with a starting point for further investigation. These documents include: a history of the Act, a chronology of the legislative action leading to passage of the law; a section-by-section analysis of the Act; the Congressional Records of Senate and House debates on the bill and its amendments, and a list of Congressional committee hearings.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Electric turbocompound control system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Turbocompound systems can be used to affect engine operation using the energy in exhaust gas that is driving the available turbocharger. A first electrical device acts as a generator in response to turbocharger rotation. A second electrical device acts as a motor to put mechanical power into the engine, typically at the crankshaft. Apparatus, systems, steps, and methods are described to control the generator and motor operations to control the amount of power being recovered. This can control engine operation closer to desirable parameters for given engine-related operating conditions compared to actual. The electrical devices can also operate in "reverse," going between motor and generator functions. This permits the electrical device associated with the crankshaft to drive the electrical device associated with the turbocharger as a motor, overcoming deficient engine operating conditions such as associated with turbocharger lag.

Algrain, Marcelo C. (Dunlap, IL)

2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

357

Electric power monthly  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fuel are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Additionally, statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, new generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel.

Not Available

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Effect of Electric Field on the Mobility of Carboxyl-Terminated Dendrimers E. Seyrek, P. L. Dubin,* and G. R. Newkome  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coupling with its counterions. Since both of these effects are opposite in direction to the primary force from Joule heating or from electroosmotic flow effects. It is suggested that the remarkably high to the primary response of the central particle to the externally applied field, two other forces act

Dubin, Paul D.

359

electricAl engineering College of Engineering and Mines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

encompasses telecommunica- tions, electrical power generation, transmission and distribution, control systems power engineers design and oversee the construction, installation and maintenance of electrical systems modern power electronic devices to control power generation and distribution and build electric drives

Hartman, Chris

360

Assessing Vehicle Electricity Demand Impacts on California Electricity Supply  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Designing Markets for Electricity, Wiley-IEEE Press. CEC (in Major Drivers in U.S. Electricity Markets, NREL/CP-620-and fuel efficiency and electricity demand assumptions used

McCarthy, Ryan W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Electricity Grid: Impacts of Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mail: ccyang@ucdavis.edu. Electricity Grid Impacts of Plug-by either gasoline or electricity, but unlike hybrids, PHEVsto use very low-carbon electricity resources, such as

Yang, Christopher; McCarthy, Ryan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Assessing Vehicle Electricity Demand Impacts on California Electricity Supply  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

problems, Electric Power Systems Research, 73(2): p. 169-problems, Electric Power Systems Research, 77(3-4): p. 212-decomposition, Electric Power Systems Research, 77(7): p.

McCarthy, Ryan W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Electrical Contractors (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This handbook answers basic questions about plug-in electric vehicles, charging stations, charging equipment, charging equipment installation, and training for electrical contractors.

Not Available

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM EET 105: ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM EET 105: ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS Instructor: Albert LozanoF) - Value of capacitors: -Printed on body of capacitor (physically large capacitors) -Code (useless) -If

Lozano-Nieto, Albert

365

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM EET 105 ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM EET 105 ­ ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS LABORATORY EXPERIENCES will become familiar with solar cells as photovoltaic energy converters. Secondly, students will practice

Lozano-Nieto, Albert

366

The electric organ discharge (EOD) of weakly electric fish generates transcutaneous electric currents that stimulate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2443 The electric organ discharge (EOD) of weakly electric fish generates transcutaneous electric object whose conductivity is different from that of water produces an electric image consisting for the formation of electric images. Rule 1: objects more conductive than water cause a local increase

Grant, Kirsty

367

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections Map of the North American Electric Reliability...

368

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Webinars | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Webinars National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Webinars The Department...

369

Electricity Advisory Committee - Federal Register Notices | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Federal Register Notices Electricity Advisory Committee - Federal Register Notices Electricity Advisory Committee - Federal Register Notices September 3, 2014 Electricity Advisory...

370

THE ELECTRIC PROGRAM INVESTMENT CHARGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE ELECTRIC PROGRAM INVESTMENT CHARGE: PROPOSED 201214 TRIENNIAL INVESTMENT PLAN The California Energy Commission has prepared this triennial investment plan (2012 ­ 2014) for the new Electric, 2012, Phase 2 Decision 1205037. This decision established the Electric Program Investment Charge

371

Electricity Restructuring: Deregulation or Reregulation?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PWP-074 Electricity Restructuring: Deregulation or Reregulation? Severin Borenstein and James;1 Electricity Restructuring: Deregulation or Reregulation? Severin Borenstein and James Bushnell1 Forthcoming from the experience with electricity restructuring to date. The gains from restructuring are most

California at Berkeley. University of

372

The Gas/Electric Partnership  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electric and gas industries are each in the process of restructuring and "converging" toward one mission: providing energy. Use of natural gas in generating electric power and use of electricity in transporting natural gas will increase...

Schmeal, W. R.; Royall, D.; Wrenn, K. F. Jr.

373

Atoms to electricity. [Booklet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This booklet explains the basic technology of nuclear fission power reactors, the nuclear fuel cycle and the role of nuclear energy as one of the domestic energy resources being developed to help meet our national energy demand. Nuclear power accounted for over 16 percent of the US electric energy supply in 1986 and was second only to coal as a source of our electric power. In the 1990s, nuclear energy is expected to provide almost 20 percent of the Nation's electricity. 38 figs., 5 tabs.

Not Available

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Atoms to electricity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This booklet explains the basic technology of nuclear fission power reactors, the nuclear fuel cycle and the role of nuclear energy as one of the domestic energy resources being developed to help meet our national energy demand. Nuclear power accounted for some 12 percent of the US electric energy supply in 1982. In the 1990's, it is expected to become second only to coal as a source of our electric power, almost doubling its present contribution to our national electricity supply. 14 references, 40 figures, 5 tables.

Not Available

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Thermionic electric converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thermionic electric converter is disclosed wherein an externally located heat source causes electrons to be boiled off an electron emissive surface interiorly positioned on one end wall of an evacuated cylindrical chamber. The electrons are electrically focused and accelerated through the interior of an air core induction coil located within a transverse magnetic field, and subsequently are collected on the other end wall of the chamber functioning as a collecting plate. The emf generated in the induction coil by action of the transiting electron stream interacting with the transverse magnetic field is applied to an external circuit to perform work, thereby implementing a direct heat energy to electrical energy conversion.

Davis, E.D.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

BEEST: Electric Vehicle Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

BEEST Project: The U.S. spends nearly a $1 billion per day to import petroleum, but we need dramatically better batteries for electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles (EV/PHEV) to truly compete with gasoline-powered cars. The 10 projects in ARPA-Es BEEST Project, short for Batteries for Electrical Energy Storage in Transportation, could make that happen by developing a variety of rechargeable battery technologies that would enable EV/PHEVs to meet or beat the price and performance of gasoline-powered cars, and enable mass production of electric vehicles that people will be excited to drive.

None

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Electric-Drive Vehicle Basics (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Describes the basics of electric-drive vehicles, including hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, all-electric vehicles, and the various charging options.

Not Available

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Effects of oxygen vacancies on dielectric, electrical, and ferroelectric properties of Ba{sub 4}Nd{sub 2}Fe{sub 2}Nb{sub 8}O{sub 30} ceramics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effects of oxygen vacancies on the dielectric, electrical, and ferroelectric properties of Ba{sub 4}Nd{sub 2}Fe{sub 2}Nb{sub 8}O{sub 30} ceramics were investigated. A dielectric relaxation above T{sub c} can be ascribed to the trap-controlled ac conduction around doubly ionized oxygen vacancies. The dc conductivity of the N{sub 2}-annealed and O{sub 2}-annealed samples is attributed to the long-range motion of the V{sub o}{sup ??}, and that of the as-sintered sample is considered to be governed by the electronic and oxygen-vacancy ionic mixed conduction mechanism. Low concentration and random distributed oxygen vacancies are propitious to the domain switching, while high concentration and allied oxygen defects hinder the domain-wall movement.

Fei Liu, Shu; Jun Wu, Yong, E-mail: yongjunwu@zju.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cyrus Tang Center for Sensor Materials and Applications, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Laboratory of Dielectric Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Li, Juan [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014 (China); Ming Chen, Xiang [Laboratory of Dielectric Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

379

Electric Transmission Lines (Iowa)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Electric transmission lines capable of operating at 69 kV or greater cannot be constructed along, across, or over any public highways or grounds outside of cities without a franchise from the...

380

Electricity Monthly Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

marketers to compete to serve customers and these competitive retail suppliers offer electricity at a market-based price. Retail rates and prices are not collected by EIA. EIA...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Retail electricity competition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze a number of unstudied aspects of retail electricity competition. We first explore the implications of load profiling of consumers whose traditional meters do not allow for measurement of their real time consumption, ...

Joskow, Paul L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Electrical Engineer (Litigation)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This position is located in the Office of Administrative Litigation (OAL). As the Commissions trial staff, OAL seeks to assist entities such as electric utilities, natural gas pipelines and...

383

Generating electricity from viruses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Berkeley Lab's Seung-Wuk Lee discusses "Generating electricity from viruses" in this Oct. 28, 2013 talk, which is part of a Science at the Theater event entitled Eight Big Ideas.

Lee, Seung-Wuk

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

384

Electricity Advisory Committee  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Presentation on U.S. Department of Energy's Vision of a Future Grid Bill Parks, Senior Advisor, DOE Office Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability 3:15 - 3:30 pm Break 3:30 -...

385

Micromachined electrical cauterizer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A micromachined electrical cauterizer is disclosed. Microstructures are combined with microelectrodes for highly localized electro cauterization. Using boron etch stops and surface micromachining, microneedles with very smooth surfaces are made. Micromachining also allows for precision placement of electrodes by photolithography with micron sized gaps to allow for concentrated electric fields. A microcauterizer is fabricated by bulk etching silicon to form knife edges, then parallelly placed microelectrodes with gaps as small as 5 {mu}m are patterned and aligned adjacent the knife edges to provide homeostasis while cutting tissue. While most of the microelectrode lines are electrically insulated from the atmosphere by depositing and patterning silicon dioxide on the electric feedthrough portions, a window is opened in the silicon dioxide to expose the parallel microelectrode portion. This helps reduce power loss and assist in focusing the power locally for more efficient and safer procedures. 7 figs.

Lee, A.P.; Krulevitch, P.A.; Northrup, M.A.

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

386

Micromachined electrical cauterizer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A micromachined electrical cauterizer. Microstructures are combined with microelectrodes for highly localized electro cauterization. Using boron etch stops and surface micromachining, microneedles with very smooth surfaces are made. Micromachining also allows for precision placement of electrodes by photolithography with micron sized gaps to allow for concentrated electric fields. A microcauterizer is fabricated by bulk etching silicon to form knife edges, then parallelly placed microelectrodes with gaps as small as 5 .mu.m are patterned and aligned adjacent the knife edges to provide homeostasis while cutting tissue. While most of the microelectrode lines are electrically insulated from the atmosphere by depositing and patterning silicon dioxide on the electric feedthrough portions, a window is opened in the silicon dioxide to expose the parallel microelectrode portion. This helps reduce power loss and assist in focusing the power locally for more efficient and safer procedures.

Lee, Abraham P. (Walnut Creek, CA); Krulevitch, Peter A. (Pleasanton, CA); Northrup, M. Allen (Berkeley, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

ELECTRICAL & COMPUTER ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELECTRICAL & COMPUTER ENGINEERING SEMINAR "Restoration of Soft X-Ray Laser Images of Nanostructures for restoration of images obtained with the 46.9 nm soft x-ray (SXR) laser microscope will be presented. We

388

Generating electricity from viruses  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Berkeley Lab's Seung-Wuk Lee discusses "Generating electricity from viruses" in this Oct. 28, 2013 talk, which is part of a Science at the Theater event entitled Eight Big Ideas.

Lee, Seung-Wuk

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

389

Electric current locator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure herein provides an apparatus for location of a quantity of current vectors in an electrical device, where the current vector has a known direction and a known relative magnitude to an input current supplied to the electrical device. Mathematical constants used in Biot-Savart superposition equations are determined for the electrical device, the orientation of the apparatus, and relative magnitude of the current vector and the input current, and the apparatus utilizes magnetic field sensors oriented to a sensing plane to provide current vector location based on the solution of the Biot-Savart superposition equations. Description of required orientations between the apparatus and the electrical device are disclosed and various methods of determining the mathematical constants are presented.

King, Paul E. (Corvallis, OR); Woodside, Charles Rigel (Corvallis, OR)

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

390

Electrically conductive material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrically conductive material for use in solid oxide fuel cells, electrochemical sensors for combustion exhaust, and various other applications possesses increased fracture toughness over available materials, while affording the same electrical conductivity. One embodiment of the sintered electrically conductive material consists essentially of cubic ZrO.sub.2 as a matrix and 6-19 wt. % monoclinic ZrO.sub.2 formed from particles having an average size equal to or greater than about 0.23 microns. Another embodiment of the electrically conductive material consists essentially at cubic ZrO.sub.2 as a matrix and 10-30 wt. % partially stabilized zirconia (PSZ) formed from particles having an average size of approximately 3 microns.

Singh, Jitendra P. (Bollingbrook, IL); Bosak, Andrea L. (Burnam, IL); McPheeters, Charles C. (Woodridge, IL); Dees, Dennis W. (Woodridge, IL)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Electrically conductive material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrically conductive material is described for use in solid oxide fuel cells, electrochemical sensors for combustion exhaust, and various other applications possesses increased fracture toughness over available materials, while affording the same electrical conductivity. One embodiment of the sintered electrically conductive material consists essentially of cubic ZrO[sub 2] as a matrix and 6-19 wt. % monoclinic ZrO[sub 2] formed from particles having an average size equal to or greater than about 0.23 microns. Another embodiment of the electrically conductive material consists essentially at cubic ZrO[sub 2] as a matrix and 10-30 wt. % partially stabilized zirconia (PSZ) formed from particles having an average size of approximately 3 microns. 8 figures.

Singh, J.P.; Bosak, A.L.; McPheeters, C.C.; Dees, D.W.

1993-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

392

Electrical and Computer Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technologies such as solar power and solid state (LED) lighting; Design sensors that measure glucose, generating and transmitting power, and designing smart sensors for robots. Circuits Communications Optics Power Sensors Signal & Image Processing #12;Electrical Engineering Develop environmentally friendly

Weber, Rodney

393

Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Officer 1:30 to 2:00 pm Update on the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability's (OE) 2013 Programs and Initiatives Honorable...

394

Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Official 2:30 to 2:50 pm Update on the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability's (OE) 2012 Current Programs and Initiatives -...

395

Singing the Brain Electric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Singing the Brain Electric Brain pacemakers, scientists have found, can treat depression by correcting neural circuitry gone haywire. This thesis examines how such technology - a technique known as deep-brain stimulation, ...

Chua, Grace (Grace W. J.)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

ELECTRICAL & COMPUTER ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from INRIA, France, in 1993. Meyer worked on the thermonuclear fusion program of the French Nuclear Energy Agency during his military service. He is currently

397

ELECTRICAL & COMPUTER ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, advised by Professor Robert Calderbank. She received her B.Eng. and M.A. in Electrical Engineering from a Roberto Padovani Scholarship for her work. She also won a Best Student Paper Award at ICASSP 2012. Her

398

Ion electric propulsion unit  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) thruster is disclosed having a plasma chamber which is electrically biased with a positive voltage. The chamber bias serves to efficiently accelerate and expel the positive ions from the chamber. Electrons follow the exiting ions, serving to provide an electrically neutral exhaust plume. In a further embodiment, a downstream shaping magnetic field serves to further accelerate and/or shape the exhaust plume.

Light, Max E; Colestock, Patrick L

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

399

Electric power annual 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents a summary of electric power industry statistics at national, regional, and state levels: generating capability and additions, net generation, fossil-fuel statistics, retail sales and revenue, finanical statistics, environmental statistics, power transactions, demand side management, nonutility power producers. Purpose is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policymakers, analysts, and the public with historical data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets.

Not Available

1994-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

400

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It was presented to the 2012 Western Conference of Public Service Commissioners, during their June, 2012, meeting. The Western Conference of Public Service Commissioners is a regional association within the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC).

Hand, M. M.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Accomodating Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accommodating Electric Vehicles Dave Aasheim 214-551-4014 daasheim@ecotality.com A leader in clean electric transportation and storage technologies ECOtality North America Overview Today ? Involved in vehicle electrification... ECOtality North America Overview Today ?Warehouse Material Handling ? Lift trucks ? Pallet Jacks ? Over 200 Customers ? Over 5,000 Installations ECOtality North America Overview Today ? 1990?s involved in EV1 ? EV Chargers ? Vehicle & battery...

Aasheim, D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Modeling of Pressurized Electrochemistry and Steam-Methane Reforming in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and the Effects on Thermal and Electrical Stack Performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Summarizes work done to extend the electrochemical performance and methane reforming submodels to include the effects of pressurization and to demonstrate this new modeling capability by simulating large stacks operating on methane-rich fuel under pressurized and non-pressurized conditions. Pressurized operation boosts electrochemical performance, alters the kinetics of methane reforming, and effects the equilibrium composition of methane fuels. This work developed constitutive submodels that couple the electrochemistry, reforming, and pressurization to yield an increased capability of the modeling tool for prediction of SOFC stack performance.

Recknagle, Kurtis P.; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Electric quantum walks with individual atoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the experimental realization of electric quantum walks, which mimic the effect of an electric field on a charged particle in a lattice. Starting from a textbook implementation of discrete-time quantum walks, we introduce an extra operation in each step to implement the effect of the field. The recorded dynamics of such a quantum particle exhibits features closely related to Bloch oscillations and interband tunneling. In particular, we explore the regime of strong fields, demonstrating contrasting quantum behaviors: quantum resonances vs. dynamical localization depending on whether the accumulated Bloch phase is a rational or irrational fraction of 2\\pi.

Maximilian Genske; Wolfgang Alt; Andreas Steffen; Albert H. Werner; Reinhard F. Werner; Dieter Meschede; Andrea Alberti

2013-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

404

Assessing Vehicle Electricity Demand Impacts on California Electricity Supply  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel carbon intensity. . 8a function of the lifecycle carbon intensity of electricityCarbon Intensity

McCarthy, Ryan W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Electric Power Controller for Steering Wheel Management in Electric Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Power Controller for Steering Wheel Management in Electric Cars Vicente Milanés, Joshué-- Autonomous vehicles, Power control, System analysis and design, Intelligent transportation systems. I they are named hydraulic power steering (HPS) systems. If an electric motor is used then they are named electric

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

406

Cost-effective particulate control options at Potomac Electric Power Company's Dickerson Station: An integrated approach to current and future particulate limits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Dickerson Generating Station evaluated several particulate control options to identify the most cost-effective option. The study's goals were to: eliminate the particulate scrubber and its high maintenance costs, and incorporate flexibility for low-sulfur coal and possible stricter emission limits. Each of the three Dickerson 190 MW units has a small 37-year-old electrostatic precipitator and a wet particulate scrubber. The study evaluated alternatives to replace the scrubber and enhance ESP performance: Existing ESP alternatives--Extend height of existing ESP; Flue gas conditioning. Scrubber stream alternatives--Partial-flow ESP or pulse jet baghouse. Full-flow alternatives--Supplemental ESP; COHPAC baghouse; replacement ESP or baghouse. A technical and economic prescreening eliminated some of the options. Capital, operating, and life cycle costs were estimated for the remaining options to determine the most cost-effective alternative. This paper will present the technical and economic evaluations done for this study, including performance and costs.

Christoffersen, S.W.; Rouse, G.T.; Krasnopoler, M.J.; Chapowski, J.A.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Chapter 20: Electric Potential and Electric Potential Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Chapter 20: Electric Potential and Electric Potential Energy 2. A 4.5 C charge moves in a uniform electric field ( )5 ^4.1 10 N/C= E x . The change in electric potential energy of a charge that moves against an electric field is given by equation 20-1, 0U q Ed = . If the charge moves in the same

Kioussis, Nicholas

408

Electric-Drive Vehicle engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric-Drive Vehicle engineering COLLEGE of ENGINEERING Electric-drive engineers for 80 years t Home to nation's first electric-drive vehicle engineering program and alternative-credit EDGE Engineering Entrepreneur Certificate Program is a great addition to an electric-drive vehicle

Berdichevsky, Victor

409

Electric dipole two equal magnitude,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric dipole ­ two equal magnitude, opposite charged particles separated by distance d What's the electric field at point P due to the dipole? Electric Dipole #12;Approximate E field for a dipole is Define electric dipole moment, p as, The direction of p and d is from the negative to positive E field along

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

410

Electrical Impedance Tomography Liliana Borcea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrical Impedance Tomography Liliana Borcea #3; September 3, 2002 Abstract We review theoretical and numerical studies of the inverse problem of electrical impedance tomography which seeks the electrical conductivity and permittivity inside a body, given simul- taneous measurements of electrical currents

Borcea, Liliana

411

Electric sales and revenue 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1996. 16 figs., 20 tabs.

NONE

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Reliability of Electrical Interconnects (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation discusses the status of NREL's research on the reliability of electrical interconnects.

Devoto, D.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Electric current generation in distorted graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphene-like materials can be effectively described by quantum electrodynamics in 2+1 dimensions. In a pure state these systems exhibit a symmetry between the non-equivalent Dirac points in the honeycomb lattice. The effect of some types of doping or the contact with asymmetric external lattices (for instance a boron nitride layer) break this symmetry via a mechanism of effective mass generation that works differently for each Dirac point. In this work we show that the incorporation of an in-plane external magnetic field on this pseudochiral asymmetric configuration generates a non-dissipative electric current aligned with the magnetic field. This mass structure is associated to a Chern-Simons type of effective action. Together with the presence of a magnetic field generating an electric current, this scenario resembles the chiral magnetic effect in Quantum Chromodynamics.

Ana Julia Mizher; Alfredo Raya; Cristian Villavicencio

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

414

Transmission access: The new factor in electric utility mergers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article deals with the effect of consideration of transmission access in whether a merger of electric utility is in the public interest. Cases examined are Southern California Edison and San Diego Gas and Electric, Utah Power and Light and Pacific Power and Light, Public Service Company of New Hampshire and Northeast Utilities Service Company, Kansas Gas and Electric and Kansas Power and Light, plus some holding company mergers.

Boiler, D.S.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Electric sales and revenue 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1997. 16 figs., 17 tabs.

NONE

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Electric sales and revenue 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the United States. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1994.

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Power Sales to Electric Utilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA) of 1979 requires that electrical utilities interconnect with qualifying facilities and purchase electricity at a rate based upon their full avoided costs (i.e., costs of providing both capacity and energy). Qualifying facilities (QF) include solar or geothermal electric units, hydropower, municipal solid waste or biomass-fired power plants, and cogeneration projects that satisfy maximum size, fuel use, ownership, location, and/or efficiency criteria. In Washington State, neither standard power purchase prices based upon a proxy ''avoided plant'', standard contracts, or a standard offer process have been used. Instead, a variety of power purchase contracts have been negotiated by developers of qualifying facilities with investor-owned utilities, public utility districts, and municipally-owned and operated utilities. With a hydro-based system, benefits associated with resource acquisition are determined in large part by how compatible the resource is with a utility's existing generation mix. Power purchase rates are negotiated and vary according to firm energy production, guarantees, ability to schedule maintenance or downtime, rights of refusal, power plant purchase options, project start date and length of contract; front-loading or levelization provisions; and the ability of the project to provide ''demonstrated'' capacity. Legislation was also enacted which allows PURPA to work effectively. Initial laws established ownership rights and provided irrigation districts, PUDs, and municipalities with expanded enabling powers. Financial processes were streamlined and, in some cases, simplified. Finally, laws were passed which are designed to ensure that development proceeds in an environmentally acceptable manner. In retrospect, PURPA has worked well within Washington. In the state of Washington, 20 small-scale hydroelectric projects with a combined generating capacity of 77 MW, 3 solid waste-to-energy facilities with 55 MW of electrical output, 4 cogeneration projects with 34.5 MW of generating capability, and 4 wastewater treatment facility digester gas-to-energy projects with 5 MW of electrical production have come on-line (or are in the final stages of construction) since the passage of PURPA. These numbers represent only a small portion of Washington's untapped and underutilized cogeneration and renewable resource generating potentials. [DJE-2005

None

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Electrical Characterization of Cu Composition Effects in CdS/CdTe Thin-Film Solar Cells with a ZnTe:Cu Back Contact: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the effects of Cu composition on the CdTe/ZnTe:Cu back contact and the bulk CdTe. For the back contact, its potential barrier decreases with Cu concentration while its saturation current density increases. For the bulk CdTe, the hole density increases with Cu concentration. We identify a Cu-related deep level at {approx}0.55 eV whose concentration is significant when the Cu concentration is high. The device performance, which initially increases with Cu concentration then decreases, reflects the interplay between the positive influences and negative influences (increasing deep levels in CdTe) of Cu.

Li, J. V.; Duenow, J. N.; Kuciauskas, D.; Kanevce, A.; Dhere, R. G.; Young, M. R.; Levi, D. H.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Liquid metal thermal electric converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A liquid metal thermal electric converter which converts heat energy to electrical energy. The design of the liquid metal thermal electric converter incorporates a unique configuration which directs the metal fluid pressure to the outside of the tube which results in the structural loads in the tube to be compressive. A liquid metal thermal electric converter refluxing boiler with series connection of tubes and a multiple cell liquid metal thermal electric converter are also provided.

Abbin, Joseph P. (Albuquerque, NM); Andraka, Charles E. (Albuquerque, NM); Lukens, Laurance L. (Albuquerque, NM); Moreno, James B. (Albuquerque, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Electric and Weak Electric Dipole Form Factors for Heavy Fermions in a General Two Higgs Doublet Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electric and weak electric dipole form factors for heavy fermions are calculated in the context of the most general two-Higgs-doublet model (2HDM). We find that the large top mass can produce a significant enhancement of the electric dipole form factor in the case of the b and c quarks. This effect can be used to distinguish between different 2HDM scenarios.

Daniel Gomez-Dumm; G. A. Gonzalez-Sprinberg

1999-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The Electricity and Transportation Infrastructure Convergence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Electricity and Transportation Infrastructure Convergence Using Electrical Vehicles Final Project Report Power Systems Engineering Research Center Empowering Minds to Engineer the Future Electric Energy System #12;#12;The Electricity and Transportation Infrastructure Convergence Using Electrical

422

Electric Adsorption Heat Pump for Electric Vehicles: Electric-Powered Adsorption Heat Pump for Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

HEATS Project: PNNL is developing a new class of advanced nanomaterial called an electrical metal organic framework (EMOF) for EV heating and cooling systems. The EMOF would function similar to a conventional heat pump, which circulates heat or cold to the cabin as needed. However, by directly controlling the EMOF's properties with electricity, the PNNL design is expected to use much less energy than traditional heating and cooling systems. The EMOF-based heat pumps would be light, compact, efficient, and run using virtually no moving parts.

None

2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

423

Electrically conductive composite material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrically conductive composite material is disclosed which comprises a conductive open-celled, low density, microcellular carbon foam filled with a non-conductive polymer or resin. The composite material is prepared in a two-step process consisting of first preparing the microcellular carbon foam from a carbonizable polymer or copolymer using a phase separation process, then filling the carbon foam with the desired non-conductive polymer or resin. The electrically conductive composites of the present invention has a uniform and consistent pattern of filler distribution, and as a result is superior over prior art materials when used in battery components, electrodes, and the like. 2 figs.

Clough, R.L.; Sylwester, A.P.

1989-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

424

Electrically conductive composite material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrically conductive composite material is disclosed which comprises a conductive open-celled, low density, microcellular carbon foam filled with a non-conductive polymer or resin. The composite material is prepared in a two-step process consisting of first preparing the microcellular carbon foam from a carbonizable polymer or copolymer using a phase separation process, then filling the carbon foam with the desired non-conductive polymer or resin. The electrically conductive composites of the present invention has a uniform and consistent pattern of filler distribution, and as a result is superior over prior art materials when used in battery components, electrodes, and the like. 2 figs.

Clough, R.L.; Sylwester, A.P.

1988-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

425

Electrically conductive composite material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrically conductive composite material is disclosed which comprises a conductive open-celled, low density, microcellular carbon foam filled with a non-conductive polymer or resin. The composite material is prepared in a two-step process consisting of first preparing the microcellular carbon foam from a carbonizable polymer or copolymer using a phase separation process, then filling the carbon foam with the desired non-conductive polymer or resin. The electrically conductive composites of the present invention has a uniform and consistant pattern of filler distribution, and as a result is superior over prior art materials when used in battery components, electrodes, and the like.

Clough, Roger L. (Albuquerque, NM); Sylwester, Alan P. (Albuquerque, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Liquid metal electric pump  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrical pump for pumping liquid metals to high pressures in high temperature environments without the use of magnets or moving mechanical parts. The pump employs a non-porous solid electrolyte membrane, typically ceramic, specific to the liquid metal to be pumped. A DC voltage is applied across the thickness of the membrane causing ions to form and enter the membrane on the electrically positive surface, with the ions being neutralized on the opposite surface. This action provides pumping of the liquid metal from one side of the non-porous solid electrolyte membrane to the other.

Abbin, Joseph P. (Albuquerque, NM); Andraka, Charles E. (Albuquerque, NM); Lukens, Laurance L. (Albuquerque, NM); Moreno, James B. (Albuquerque, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It was presented at Wind Powering America States Summit. The Summit, which follows the American Wind Energy Association's (AWEA's) annual WINDPOWER Conference and Exhibition, provides state Wind Working Groups, state energy officials, U.S. Energy Department and national laboratory representatives, and professional and institutional partners an opportunity to review successes, opportunities, and challenges for wind energy and plan future collaboration.

DeMeo, E.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It was presented at the 2012 RE AMP Annual Meeting. RE-AMP is an active network of 144 nonprofits and foundations across eight Midwestern states working on climate change and energy policy with the goal of reducing global warming pollution economy-wide 80% by 2050.

Mai, T.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Preventing Electrical Shock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

closer to un- guarded energized overhead lines than the following distances: 1) For voltages to ground 50 kV or less?10 feet; 2) For voltages to ground more than 50 kV ?10 feet plus 4 inches for every 10 kV over 50 kV. ? Make sure all electric motors... attempt to unplug the cord, move an energized line with any object, or grab the person to free him. Once the person is free, administer CPR immedi- ately, if necessary, to try to resuscitate the individual. In case of an electrical fi re, turn off...

Smith, David

2004-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

430

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutron scatteringDelaware Electricity Profile 2012Louisiana Electricity

431

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutron scatteringDelaware Electricity ProfileMichigan Electricity Profile

432

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutron scatteringDelaware Electricity ProfileMichigan Electricity

433

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutron scatteringDelaware Electricity ProfileMichiganMissouri Electricity

434

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutron scatteringDelaware ElectricityHampshire Electricity Profile 2012

435

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutron scatteringDelaware ElectricityHampshire Electricity Profile

436

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutron scatteringDelaware ElectricityHampshire Electricity ProfileMexico

437

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutron scatteringDelaware ElectricityHampshire Electricity

438

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutron scatteringDelaware ElectricityHampshire ElectricityCarolina

439

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutron scatteringDelaware ElectricityHampshire ElectricityCarolinaDakota

440

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutron scatteringDelaware ElectricityHampshireOklahoma Electricity

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutron scatteringDelaware ElectricityHampshireOklahoma ElectricityOregon

442

Liquid metal electric pump  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrical pump for pumping liquid metals to high pressures in high temperature environments without the use of magnets or moving mechanical parts. The pump employs a non-porous solid electrolyte membrane, typically ceramic, specific to the liquid metal to be pumped. A DC voltage is applied across the thickness of the membrane causing ions to form and enter the membrane on the electrically positive surface, with the ions being neutralized on the opposite surface. This action provides pumping of the liquid metal from one side of the non-porous solid electrolyte membrane to the other. 3 figs.

Abbin, J.P.; Andraka, C.E.; Lukens, L.L.; Moreno, J.B.

1992-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

443

Electrical and Thermal Experimental Characterization and Modeling of Carbon Nanotube/Epoxy Composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present work investigates the effect of carbon nanotube (CNT) inclusions on the electrical and thermal conductivity of a thermoset epoxy resin. The characterization of electrical and thermal conductivity of CNT/epoxy composites is presented...

Gardea, Frank

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

444

On the fracture toughness of ferroelectric ceramics with electric field applied parallel to the crack front  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the fracture toughness of ferroelectric ceramics with electric field applied parallel crack growth. The effects of electric field on the fracture toughness of both initially unpoled and poled materials are investigated. Results for the predicted fracture toughness, remanent strain

445

Policy Overview and Options for Maximizing the Role of Policy in Geothermal Electricity Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report explores the effectiveness of the historical and current body of policies in terms of increased geothermal electricity development. Insights are provided into future policies that may drive the market to optimize development of available geothermal electricity resources.

446

Wind Turbines Electrical and Mechanical Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Turbines Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Objective · Introduce students to the concept of alternative energy. · Explain the math and scientific principles behind engineering wind turbines. Standards and how it applies to wind energy · About how surface area and shape effects wind turbine efficiency

Provancher, William

447

Engineering Science AB: Electrical Rev. Aug 2014 1/3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering Science ­ AB: Electrical Rev. Aug 2014 1/3 Plan of Study for the Electrical Engineering Track of AB Engineering Science Concentration Effective for Students Declaring the Concentration half courses AP 50a ­ Physics as a Foundation for Science & Engineering 1 (or PS 12a, Physics 15a or 16

448

Behavior of Electric Current Subjected to ELF Electromagnetic Radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravitational effects produced by ELF electromagnetic radiation upon the electric current in a conductor are studied. An apparatus has been constructed to test the behavior of current subjected to ELF radiation. The experimental results are in agreement with theoretical predictions and show that ELF radiation can cause transitory interruptions in electric current conduction.

Fran De Aquino

2002-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

449

SETS, March 2006Institute of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivation Shrinking feature size Aging effects · Electron/thermal migration · Dielectric breakdownSETS, March 2006Institute of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology Alg. & Tools Ibers, Marc Hunger, Michael Schnittger Alg. & Tools for Test & Diagnosis 2 Institute of Electrical

Hellebrand, Sybille

450

ELECTRICITY CASE: ECONOMIC COST ESTIMATION FACTORS FOR ECONOMIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELECTRICITY CASE: ECONOMIC COST ESTIMATION FACTORS FOR ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF TERRORIST ATTACKS Zimmerman, R. CREATE REPORT Under FEMA Grant EMW-2004-GR-0112 May 31, 2005 Center for Risk and Economic #12;2 Abstract The major economic effects of electric power outages are usually associated with three

Wang, Hai

451

Recirculating electric air filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electric air filter cartridge has a cylindrical inner high voltage electrode, a layer of filter material, and an outer ground electrode formed of a plurality of segments moveably connected together. The outer electrode can be easily opened to remove or insert filter material. Air flows through the two electrodes and the filter material and is exhausted from the center of the inner electrode.

Bergman, W.

1985-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

452

INTRODUCTION Ukiah Electric Utility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTRODUCTION Ukiah Electric Utility Renewable Energy Resources Procurement Plan Per Senate Billlx 2 renewable energy resources, including renewable energy credits, as a specified percentage of Ukiah's total,2011 to December 31, 2013, Ukiah shall procure renewable energy resources equivalent to an average of at least

453

STUDY PROGRAMS ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering Master of Science in Electrical Engineering Language of Instruction: German Duration of Program microprocessors to re- newable energy systems. The curriculum's scientific and methodological foundation ensures are taught in German, though some will be available in English. At the end of each semester, students

Wichmann, Felix

454

7Name ________________________________ Solar Electricity.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be attached directly to the outer surface of a satellite, or can be found on `solar panels' that the satellite. If the satellite is not big enough, additional solar panels may be needed to supply the electricity) The solar cells produce 0.03 watts per square cm, so the power available is 39819 x 0.03 = 1194 watts

455

State Renewable Electricity Profiles  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Presents a summary of current and recent historical data for the renewable electric power industry. The data focuses on net summer capacity and net generation for each type of renewable generator, as well as fossil-fired and nuclear power plant types, for the period 2006 through 2010.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Wind farm electrical system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An approach to wind farm design using variable speed wind turbines with low pulse number electrical output. The output of multiple wind turbines are aggregated to create a high pulse number electrical output at a point of common coupling with a utility grid network. Power quality at each individual wind turbine falls short of utility standards, but the aggregated output at the point of common coupling is within acceptable tolerances for utility power quality. The approach for aggregating low pulse number electrical output from multiple wind turbines relies upon a pad mounted transformer at each wind turbine that performs phase multiplication on the output of each wind turbine. Phase multiplication converts a modified square wave from the wind turbine into a 6 pulse output. Phase shifting of the 6 pulse output from each wind turbine allows the aggregated output of multiple wind turbines to be a 24 pulse approximation of a sine wave. Additional filtering and VAR control is embedded within the wind farm to take advantage of the wind farm's electrical impedence characteristics to further enhance power quality at the point of common coupling.

Erdman, William L.; Lettenmaier, Terry M.

2006-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

457

Electric Load Forecasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-commitment, coordination, and interchange evaluation. In addition, the liberalization of electric energy markets worldwide has led to the development of energy exchanges where consumers, 1066-033X/07/$25.002007IEEE OCTOBER/GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER SCIENTIFIC VISUALIZATION STUDIO Authorized licensed use limited to: Katholieke

458

Denton County Electric Cooperative d/b/a CoServ Electric Smart...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Denton County Electric Cooperative dba CoServ Electric Smart Grid Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead Denton County Electric Cooperative dba CoServ Electric...

459

Moreno Valley Electric Utility- Solar Electric Incentive Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Moreno Valley Electric Utility provides rebates to its electric customers for the purchase of photovoltaic (PV) systems. System must be on the same premises as the customer to qualify. Systems 30...

460

HEMP emergency planning and operating procedures for electric power systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Investigations of the impact of high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) on electric power systems and electrical equipment have revealed that HEMP creates both misoperation and failures. These events result from both the early time E[sub 1] (steep-front pulse) component and the late time E[sub 3] (geomagnetic perturbations) component of HEMP. In this report a HEMP event is viewed in terms of its marginal impact over classical power system disturbances by considering the unique properties and consequences of HEMP. This report focuses on system-wide electrical component failures and their potential consequences from HEMP. In particular, the effectiveness of planning and operating procedures for electric systems is evaluated while under the influence of HEMP. This assessment relies on published data and characterizes utilities using the North American Electric Reliability Council's regions and guidelines to model electric power system planning and operations. Key issues addressed by the report include how electric power systems are affected by HEMP and what actions electric utilities can initiate to reduce the consequences of HEMP. The report also reviews the salient features of earlier HEMP studies and projects, examines technology trends in the electric power industry which are affected by HEMP, characterizes the vulnerability of power systems to HEMP, and explores the capability of electric systems to recover from a HEMP event.

Reddoch, T.W.; Markel, L.C. (Electrotek Concepts, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hartford electric effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Assessing Vehicle Electricity Demand Impacts on California Electricity Supply  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel electricity demands, and generation from these plantplants .. 47 Additional generation .. 48 Electricityelectricity demand increases generation from NGCC power plants.

McCarthy, Ryan W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Electrical properties of polar membranes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biological membranes are capacitors that can be charged by applying a field across the membrane. The charges on the capacitor exert a force on the membrane that leads to electrostriction, i.e. a thinning of the membrane. Since the force is quadratic in voltage, negative and positive voltage have an identical influence on the physics of symmetric membranes. However, this is not the case for a membrane with an asymmetry leading to a permanent electric polarization. Positive and negative voltages of identical magnitude lead to different properties. Such an asymmetry can originate from a lipid composition that is different on the two monolayers of the membrane, or from membrane curvature. The latter effect is called 'flexoelectricity'. As a consequence of permanent polarization, the membrane capacitor is discharged at a voltage different from zero. This leads to interesting electrical phenomena such as outward or inward rectification of membrane permeability. Here, we introduce a generalized theoretical framework, that treats capacitance, polarization, flexoelectricity and piezoelectricity in the same language.

Lars D. Mosgaard; Karis A. Zecchi; Thomas Heimburg

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

463

MTSC735, Spring 2008 Electrical measurements 1 Electrical measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

position between coil windings. Circuit designed to have zero output at equilibrium. MTSC735, Spring 20081 MTSC735, Spring 2008 Electrical measurements 1 Electrical measurements Critical to all/reducing noise from measurements MTSC735, Spring 2008 Electrical measurements 2 Measurements Believe nothing

Plaisted, David A.

464

Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering Electrical Engineering General Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

05/09/2013 Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering Electrical Engineering General Program is meant as a guide only. For their junior and senior years, Electrical Engineering majors must select Elective Proc Dev. I ECE 331L ECE 332L ECE 411 ECE 412 General Education Requirements FRESHMAN INQUIRY

Bertini, Robert L.

465

Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering Electrical Engineering General Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

05/27/2014 Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering Electrical Engineering General Program is meant as a guide only. For their junior and senior years, Electrical Engineering majors must select Elective Proc Dev. I ECE 331L ECE 332L ECE 411 ECE 412 General Education Requirements FRESHMAN INQUIRY

Latiolais, M. Paul

466

Electric-Magnetic Duality and Topological Insulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We work out the action of the SL(2,Z) electric-magnetic duality group for an insulator with a non-trivial permittivity, permeability and theta-angle. This theory has recently been proposed to be the correct low-energy effective action for topological insulators. As applications, we give manifestly SL(2,Z) covariant expressions for the Faraday rotation at orthogonal incidence at the interface of two such materials, as well as for the induced magnetic and electric charges, slightly clarifying the meaning of expressions previously derived in the literature. We also use electric-magnetic duality to find a gravitational dual for a strongly coupled version of this theory using the AdS/CFT correspondence.

Andreas Karch

2009-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

467

Electric-Magnetic Duality and Topological Insulators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We work out the action of the SL(2,Z) electric-magnetic duality group for an insulator with a nontrivial permittivity, permeability, and theta angle. This theory has recently been proposed to be the correct low-energy effective action for topological insulators. As applications, we give manifestly SL(2,Z) covariant expressions for the Faraday rotation at orthogonal incidence at the interface of two such materials, as well as for the induced magnetic and electric charges, slightly clarifying the meaning of expressions previously derived in the literature. We also use electric-magnetic duality to find a gravitational dual for a strongly coupled version of this theory using the gauge/gravity correspondence.

Karch, A. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-1560 (United States)

2009-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

468

Schwinger Pair Production in Pulsed Electric Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We numerically investigate the temporal behavior and the structure of longitudinal momentum spectrum and the field polarity effect on pair production in pulsed electric fields in scalar quantum electrodynamics (QED). Using the evolution operator expressed in terms of the particle and antiparticle operators, we find the exact quantum states under the influence of electric pulses and measure the number of pairs of the Minkowski particle and antiparticle. The number of pairs, depending on the configuration of electric pulses, exhibits rich structures in the longitudinal momentum spectrum and undergoes diverse dynamical behaviors at the onset of the interaction but always either converges to a momentum-dependent constant or oscillates around a momentum-dependent time average after the completion of fields.

Sang Pyo Kim; Hyung Won Lee; Remo Ruffini

2012-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

469

Electric dipole emission by fullerenes and buckyonions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the rotation rates and electric dipole emission of hydrogenated icosahedral fullerenes (single and multishell) in various phases of the interstellar medium. Using the formalism of Draine and Lazarian for the rotational dynamics of these molecules in various astrophysical environments, we find effective rotation rates in the range 1-65 GHz with a trend toward lower rotational frequency as the radius of the molecule increases. Owing to the moderately polar nature of the C--H bond, hydrogenated fullerenes (fulleranes) are expected to have a net dipole moment and produce electric dipole radiation. Adopting the same size distribution proposed for fullerenes in the study of the UV extinction bump (2175 \\AA) we predict the dipole electric emission of mixtures of fulleranes for various levels of hydrogenation. We find that these molecules could be the carriers of the anomalous microwave emission recently detected by Watson et al. in the Perseus molecular complex.

Susana Iglesias-Groth

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

470

Method for protecting an electric generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for protecting an electrical generator which includes providing an electrical generator which is normally synchronously operated with an electrical power grid; providing a synchronizing signal from the electrical generator; establishing a reference signal; and electrically isolating the electrical generator from the electrical power grid if the synchronizing signal is not in phase with the reference signal.

Kuehnle, Barry W. (Ammon, ID); Roberts, Jeffrey B. (Ammon, ID); Folkers, Ralph W. (Ammon, ID)

2008-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

471

Integrated Mechanical & Electrical Engineering (IMEE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated Mechanical & Electrical Engineering (IMEE) Department of Electronic & Electrical Engineering and Department of Mechanical Engineering #12;Graduates able to work in both mechanical of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) n Develop essential engineering skills through extensive project work n Enhance

Burton, Geoffrey R.

472

Hypertriton Electric Polarizability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A rigorous formalism for determining the electric dipole polarizability of a three-hadron bound complex in the case that the system has only one bound (ground) state has been elaborated. On its basis, by applying a model wave function that takes into account specific features of the structure of the lightest hypernucleus and using the known low-energy experimental data for the p-n and lambda-d systems as input data, we have calculated the value of the electric dipole polarizability of the lambda hypertriton. It follows from our study that the polarizability of the lambda hypertriton is close to 3 fm^3 exceeding the polarizabilities of the ordinary three-nucleon nuclei by an order of magnitude.

V. F. Kharchenko; A. V. Kharchenko

2008-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

473

Electrical safety device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrical safety device for use in power tools that is designed to automatically discontinue operation of the power tool upon physical contact of the tool with a concealed conductive material. A step down transformer is used to supply the operating power for a disconnect relay and a reset relay. When physical contact is made between the power tool and the conductive material, an electrical circuit through the disconnect relay is completed and the operation of the power tool is automatically interrupted. Once the contact between the tool and conductive material is broken, the power tool can be quickly and easily reactivated by a reset push button activating the reset relay. A remote reset is provided for convenience and efficiency of operation.

White, David B. (Greenock, PA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Generation of Dielectrophoretic Force under Uniform Electric Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effective dipole moment method has been widely accepted as the de facto technique in predicting the dielectrophoretic force due to the non-uniform electric field. In this method, a finite-particle is modeled as an equivalent ...

Kua, C.H.

475

Designing a Thermal Energy Storage Program for Electric Utilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric utilities are looking at thermal energy storage technology as a viable demand side management (DSM) option. In order for this DSM measure to be effective, it must be incorporated into a workable, well-structured utility program. This paper...

Niehus, T. L.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Workplace Plug-in Electric Vehicle Ride and Drive  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Workplace plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) Ride and Drive events are one of the most effective ways to drive PEV adoption. By providing staff the opportunity to experience PEVs first hand, they can...

477

Physical modeling of electrical conduction in printed circuit board insulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is concerned with understanding the degradation of electrical and electronic components in automobiles due to environmental effects. A special emphasis is placed on understanding the physical processes underlying ...

Sarathy, Vasanth

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Texas Electricity Update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Texas Electricity Update CATEE 2012 Galveston, Texas Brian Lloyd Executive Director Public Utility Commission of Texas October 10, 2012 1 2 Drought Summary May Reserve Margin Report 3 Demand Growth by Region 4 105? Normal... 917 Firm Load Forecast, MW 65,649 68,403 71,692 73,957 75,360 76,483 CATEE 2012 Questions? Brian H. Lloyd Executive Director Public Utility Commission of Texas 512-936-7040 14 ...

Lloyd, B.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutron scatteringDelaware Electricity

480

Electric Power Annual 2011  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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481

Electric Power Annual 2011  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs U.S.Wyoming Electricity

482

Electric Power Annual 2011  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs U.S.Wyoming ElectricityCapacity Conductor

483

Electric Power Annual 2011  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs U.S.Wyoming ElectricityCapacity ConductorA. Summer

484

Electric Power Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs U.S.Wyoming ElectricityCapacity ConductorA.Annual

485

Electrical Characterization of Individual Semiconductor Nanocrystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

al. Structural, optical, and electrical properties of PbSeT. & Alivisatos, A. P. Electrical Transport through a SingleV. & Alivisatos, A. P. Electrical Contacts to Individual

Sheldon, Matthew Thomas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Electrical and Mechanical Properties of Graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nano Letters, 5 [67] G. Liu, Electrical Transport in CarbonOF CALIFORNIA RIVERSIDE Electrical and Mechanical PropertiesOF THE DISSERTATION Electrical and Mechanical Properties of

Bao, Wenzhong

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Advanced Electrical Characterization of Semiconductor Nanowires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MOSFETs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electrical Propertiesof surface states on electrical characteristics of inn andCho, and H. -Y. Cha, Electrical properties of ingan grown

Khanal, Devesh Raj

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Electrical and Thermoelectrical Transport Properties of Graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF CALIFORNIA RIVERSIDE Electrical and ThermoelectricalIn addition to the electrical conductivity, thermoelectricthe energy-dependent electrical conductivity under certain

Wang, Deqi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Thermal and Electrical Transport in Oxide Heterostructures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2.3.1 Electrical transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3.5 Controlling electrical conductivity and opticalthe variation of electrical and thermal con- ductivity and

Ravichandran, Jayakanth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) Response...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) Response to Smart Grid RFI National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) Response to Smart Grid RFI The National Electrical...

491

Defining a Standard Metric for Electricity Savings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1991. The Potential for Electricity Efficiency Improvementswww.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/eia860.html>. FigureA STANDARD METRIC FOR ELECTRICITY SAVINGS Jonathan Koomey*,

Koomey, Jonathan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Electricity Advisory Committee - 2014 Meetings | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electricity Advisory Committee - 2014 Meetings Electricity Advisory Committee - 2014 Meetings Electricity Advisory Committee - 2014 Meetings SEPTEMBER 24 & 25, 2014 MEETING OF THE...

493

GETEM -Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

GETEM -Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model GETEM -Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model A guide to providing input to GETEM, the Geothermal Electricity...

494

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability PROGRAM DESCRIPTION  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

32 Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability PROGRAM DESCRIPTION The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) leads national efforts to modernize the electric...

495

International Electricity Trade - Open Access | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

International Electricity Trade - Open Access International Electricity Trade - Open Access DOE has consistently expressed its policy that international electricity trade should be...

496

Electricity Subsector Cybersecurity Capability Maturity Model...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Electricity Subsector Cybersecurity Capability Maturity Model (ES-C2M2) Electricity Subsector Cybersecurity Capability Maturity Model (ES-C2M2) Electricity Subsector Cybersecurity...

497

Electrical Equipment Inventory and Inspection Information  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electrical Equipment Inventory and Inspection Information APS Non-NRTL Electrical Equipment Inventory Spreadsheet ANL Recognized Reputable Electrical Equipment Manufacturer List as...

498

Power Electonics & Electric Machinery | Clean Energy | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electric Machinery SHARE Power Electronics and Electric Machinery Power Electronics and Electric Machinery research has dramatically advanced the technology of state-of-the-art...

499

Electric power monthly, March 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report for March 1995, presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead.

NONE

1995-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

500

Electricity Generation by Rhodopseudomonas palustris  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,6). Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 and Geobacter sulfurreducens PCA are two DMRB capable of electricity generationElectricity Generation by Rhodopseudomonas palustris DX-1 D E F E N G X I N G , , Y I Z U O manuscript received March 20, 2008. Accepted March 25, 2008. Bacteria able to generate electricity