Rich, Marvin
2010-01-01
Particles. II. PROTON RANGE-ENERGY DATA Stopping Medium: Be2301 III. PION RANGE-ENERGY DATA Mev. Pion Kinetic Energy2301 IV. DEUTERON RANGE-ENERGY DATA Deuteron Kinetic Energy
Harmon, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information
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Josh Harmon | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014 | International Nuclear EnergyatJobsJoint
Rich, Marvin
2010-01-01
Mev gm/ era Mev gm/crn" Mev-cnf/gm 5. 817 x 10" 1. 685 x 10"2301 RANGE OF DEUTERONS IN CARBON J T Mev R gm/cm - dT "dTi T Mev R gm/cm - dT dF Mev- Mev-cn^gm cm/gm 5. 517 x lu" 3.
Energy transport by acoustic modes of harmonic Lisa Harris
Theil, Florian
Energy transport by acoustic modes of harmonic lattices Lisa Harris , Jani Lukkarinen , Stefan vector, k = 0. To derive equations that describe the macroscopic energy transport we introduce the Wigner concentrating to k = 0. A simple consequence of our result is the complete characterization of energy transport
Energy transport by acoustic modes of harmonic lattices Lisa Harris # , Jani Lukkarinen + , Stefan of energy transport in harmonic lattices with acoustic dispersion relations. 1 Introduction. The energy, we first need to understand how energy is transported within the crystal via purely harmonic
Range Fuels | Open Energy Information
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Gentine, Pierre
Harmonic propagation of variability in surface energy balance within a coupled propagation of the harmonics in order to differentiate between the response of the system to forcing, P., J. Polcher, and D. Entekhabi (2011), Harmonic propagation of variability in surface energy
Quantum Energy Teleportation with a Linear Harmonic Chain
Yasusada Nambu; Masahiro Hotta
2010-10-14
A protocol of quantum energy teleportation is proposed for a one-dimensional harmonic chain. A coherent-state POVM measurement is performed to coupled oscillators of the chain in the ground state accompanied by energy infusion to the system. This measurement consumes a part of ground state entanglement. Depending on the measurement result, a displacement operation is performed on a distant oscillator accompanied by energy extraction from the zero-point fluctuation of the oscillator. We find that the amount of consumed entanglement is bounded from below by a positive value that is proportional to the amount of teleported energy.
Harmon Electric Assn Inc | Open Energy Information
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Rangely, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/Colorado <RAPID/Geothermal/WaterEnergy Marketing CorpMember Corp JumpRangely, Colorado:
Rowe, Anthony
Rate-Harmonized Scheduling for Saving Energy Anthony Rowe Karthik Lakshmanan Haifeng Zhu Ragunathan mode, substantially more energy savings can be obtained but it requires a significant amount of time such that processor idle times are lumped together. We next introduce the Energy-Saving Rate-Harmonized Scheduler
Exact energy distribution function in time-dependent harmonic oscillator
Marko Robnik; Valery G. Romanovski; Hans-Juergen Stoeckmann
2006-08-11
Following a recent work by Robnik and Romanovski (J.Phys.A: Math.Gen. {\\bf 39} (2006) L35, Open Syst. & Infor. Dyn. {\\bf 13} (2006) 197-222) we derive the explicit formula for the universal distribution function of the final energies in a time-dependent 1D harmonic oscillator, whose functional form does not depend on the details of the frequency $\\omega (t)$, and is closely related to the conservation of the adiabatic invariant. The normalized distribution function is $P(x) = \\pi^{-1} (2\\mu^2 - x^2)^{-{1/2}}$, where $x=E_1- \\bar{E_1}$, $E_1$ is the final energy, $\\bar{E_1}$ is its average value, and $\\mu^2$ is the variance of $E_1$. $\\bar{E_1}$ and $\\mu^2$ can be calculated exactly using the WKB approach to all orders.
Range Resources | Open Energy Information
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Energy transport by acoustic modes of harmonic lattices
Lisa Harris; Jani Lukkarinen; Stefan Teufel; Florian Theil
2006-11-21
We study the large scale evolution of a scalar lattice excitation which satisfies a discrete wave-equation in three dimensions. We assume that the dispersion relation associated to the elastic coupling constants of the wave-equation is acoustic, i.e., it has a singularity of the type |k| near the vanishing wave vector, k=0. To derive equations that describe the macroscopic energy transport we introduce the Wigner transform and change variables so that the spatial and temporal scales are of the order of epsilon. In the continuum limit, which is achieved by sending the parameter epsilon to 0, the Wigner transform disintegrates into three different limit objects: the transform of the weak limit, the H-measure and the Wigner-measure. We demonstrate that these three limit objects satisfy a set of decoupled transport equations: a wave-equation for the weak limit of the rescaled initial data, a dispersive transport equation for the regular limiting Wigner measure, and a geometric optics transport equation for the H-measure limit of the initial data concentrating to k=0. A simple consequence of our result is the complete characterization of energy transport in harmonic lattices with acoustic dispersion relations.
Variable Frequency Motor Drives: Harmonics, Power Factor, and Energy Efficiency
Massey, G. W.
1997-01-01
harmonics and power factor. NOTE: The views expressed in this paper do not necessarily represent the views of the United States of America, the U.S. Department of Justice, or the Federal Bureau of Prisons....
Wind LCA Harmonization (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)
Not Available
2013-06-01
NREL recently led the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Harmonization Project, a study that provides more exact estimates of GHG emissions for renewable and conventional generation, clarifying inconsistent and conflicting estimates in the published literature, and reducing uncertainty. This involved a systematic review and harmonization of life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of utility-scale wind power systems in order to determine the causes of life cycle greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and, where possible, reduce variability in GHG estimates.
Front Range Energy LLC | Open Energy Information
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Kushner, Mark
Harmonic content and time variation of electron energy distributions in high-plasma-density, low-the-fly'' OTF Monte Carlo method. The OTF method directly computes the harmonic content of the EEDs using was incorporated into a two-dimensional plasma equipment model to investigate the harmonic content of the EEDs
Harmon County, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynnMassachusetts: EnergySoftware Inc JumpHardwick,Nebraska:County,
Rangely Oilfield Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information
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Range Fuels Biorefinery Groundbreaking | Department of Energy
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuildingBudget ||Department ofRequest7of 9 RadiologicalRainRancherRange
Generalized energy equipartition in harmonic oscillators driven by active baths
Claudio Maggi; Matteo Paoluzzi; Nicola Pellicciotta; Alessia Lepore; Luca Angelani; Roberto Di Leonardo
2015-06-26
We study experimentally and numerically the dynamics of colloidal beads confined by a harmonic potential in a bath of swimming E. coli bacteria. The resulting dynamics is well approximated by a Langevin equation for an overdamped oscillator driven by the combination of a white thermal noise and an exponentially correlated active noise. This scenario leads to a simple generalization of the equipartition theorem resulting in the coexistence of two different effective temperatures that govern dynamics along the flat and the curved directions in the potential landscape.
Harmonic Oscillator Frank Rioux
Rioux, Frank
Harmonic Oscillator Frank Rioux Schrodinger's equation is integrated numerically for the first three energy states for the harmonic oscillator. The integration algorithm is taken from J. C. Hansen, J energy: = 0.5n. The calculations below show the virial theorem is satisfied for the harmonic
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Faculty. Faculty listing for "harmonic analysis". Search People: ... Research Interests: complex analysis, harmonic analysis, and partial differential equations
Biswanath Rath; P. Mallick
2015-01-25
We propose zero energy correction method for non-Hermiition Harmonic oscillator under simultaneous transformation of co-ordinate $(x \\rightarrow \\frac{(x+ i\\lambda p)}{\\sqrt{(1+\\beta \\lambda)}}$ and momentum $(p \\rightarrow \\frac{(p+ i\\beta x)}{\\sqrt{(1+\\beta \\lambda)}}$ for getting energy eigenvalue in place of extending the idea of gaugelike transformation proposed earlier in momentum transformation $(p \\rightarrow p+i\\beta x)$ by Z.Ahmed [Phys.Lett A 294,287 (2002)]. Further energy of non-Hermitian Harmonic oscillator remains the same as that of Harmonic oscillator. PACS: 03. 65 Db Key words.Non-Hermitian Harmonic oscillator, Perturbation theory,Energy level.
D. Matrasulov
1998-04-17
Schr\\"odinger equation for two center Coulomb plus harmonic oscillator potential is solved by the method of ethalon equation at large intercenter separations. Asymptotical expansions for energy term and wave function are obtained in the analytical form.
Lab 6: Forced Harmonic Motion Driven harmonic oscillation
Gustafsson, Torgny
Lab 6: Forced Harmonic Motion Driven harmonic oscillation Example: Atomic force microscope watch, circuit, ... #12;A constant energy flow at steady state ( )F t dF Rx= - 0oin ut PP + = #12;Forced harmonic t - = + #12;Forced harmonic oscillation (cont.) ( ) ( ) ( ) 0 2 2 0 cos 2 sin cos cosF m
Quantum correlations and energy currents across finite harmonic chains
Antonio A. Valido; Antonia Ruiz; Daniel Alonso
2015-03-31
We present a study that addresses both the stationary properties of the energy current and quantum correlations in a three-mode chain subjected to Ohmic and super-Ohmic dissipa- tions. An extensive numerical analysis shows that the mean value and the fluctuations of the energy current remain insensitive to the emergence of a rich variety of quantum correlations: such as, two-mode discord and entanglement, bipartite three-mode and genuine tripartite entanglement. The discussion of the numerical results is based on the derived expressions for the stationary properties in terms of the two-time correlation functions of the oscillator operators, which carry quantum correlations. Interestingly, we show that quantum discord can be enhanced by both considering initially squeezed thermal bath states and imposing temperature gradients.
Efficient wireless non-radiative mid-range energy transfer
Efficient wireless non-radiative mid-range energy transfer Aristeidis Karalis a,*, J.D. Joannopoulos b , Marin Soljacic´ b a Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts-range wireless energy transfer. Ó 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Keywords: Wireless energy; Wireless
Energy Distribution Control in Wireless Sensor Networks Through Range Optimization
Yanikoglu, Berrin
Energy Distribution Control in Wireless Sensor Networks Through Range Optimization M.Sarper Gokturk--A major objective in wireless sensor networks is to find optimum routing strategies for energy efficient a location-based routing framework to control the energy distribution in a network where transmission ranges
Renewable Energy and the Nevada Test and Training Range
Lewis, Robert Michael
1 Renewable Energy and the Nevada Test and Training Range Wednesday, December 15, 2010 Melissa due to renewable energy infrastructure development at the Nevada Test and Training Range. Nevada has have ever-increasing renewable energy goals. However, proposals for the development of 116 renewable
Transient particle energies in shortcuts to adiabatic expansions of harmonic traps
Yang-Yang Cui; Xi Chen; J. G. Muga
2015-05-12
The expansion of a harmonic potential that holds a quantum particle may be realized without any final particle excitation but much faster than adiabatically via "shortcuts to adiabaticity" (STA). While ideally the process time can be reduced to zero, practical limitations and constraints impose minimal finite times for the externally controlled time-dependent frequency protocols. We examine the role of different time-averaged energies (total, kinetic, potential, non-adiabatic) and of the instantaneous power in characterizing or selecting different protocols.Specifically, we prove a virial theorem for STA processes, set minimal energies for specific times or viceversa, and discuss their realizability by means of Dirac impulses or otherwise.
Help:Range blocks | Open Energy Information
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Biswanath Rath
2015-05-19
For the first time in the literature of Quantum Physics, we present complex energy eigenvalues of non-Hermitian Harmonic Oscillator $H=\\frac{(p+iLx)}^{2}}{2} + W^{2} \\frac{x^{2}}{2}$ with real wave function having positive frequency of vibration $(w)$ under some selective choice of $L$ and $W$ .Interestingly for the same values of $L$ and $W$, if the frequency of vibration $w$ in the real wave function is (some how) related as $w=L\\pmW$ or $w=W-L$ then the same oscillator can reflect either pure positive or negative energy eigenvalues.The real energy levels are in conformity with the perturbative calculation. PACS :03.65.Db;11.39.Er. Key words: Positive frequency, real wave function, complex energy, real positive energy,negative energy.
Rangely Oilfield Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/Colorado <RAPID/Geothermal/WaterEnergy Marketing CorpMember Corp Jump
Little Green Codes: Energy-Efficient Short-Range Communication
California at Berkeley, University of
Little Green Codes: Energy-Efficient Short-Range Communication Pulkit Grover and Anant Sahai, the optimizing rate for our bounds on the energy consumption of green codes converges to 1 in the context of AWGN energy as green codes. Classical information theoretic approach finds the minimum transmission energy
SEVENTH HARMONIC 20 GHz CO-GENERATOR
Hirshfield, Jay L
2014-04-08
To satisfy the need for multi-MW rf sources in frequency ranges where commercial sources do not exist, a study was undertaken on a class of devices based on gyro-harmonic frequency multiplication. This mechanism relies upon adding energy in gyrating motion to a linear electron beam that traverses a rotating-mode TE111-mode drive cavity in a dc magnetic field. The beam then drifts along the magnetic field into a second cavity, operating in the TEn11-mode tuned to the nth harmonic of the drive cavity. Studies of this configuration have been carried out for 2 < n < 7. Results are given for multi-MW, efficient operation of a 7th harmonic device operating at 20 GHz, and a 2nd harmonic device operating at 22.4 GHz.
Heger, Matthias; Suhm, Martin A.; Mata, Ricardo A., E-mail: rmata@gwdg.de [Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Tammannstr. 6, 37077 Göttingen (Germany)
2014-09-14
The discrepancy between experimental and harmonically predicted shifts of the OH stretching fundamental of methanol upon hydrogen bonding to a second methanol unit is too large to be blamed mostly on diagonal and off-diagonal anharmonicity corrections. It is shown that a decisive contribution comes from post-MP2 electron correlation effects, which appear not to be captured by any of the popular density functionals. We also identify that the major deficiency is in the description of the donor OH bond. Together with estimates for the electronic and harmonically zero-point corrected dimer binding energies, this work provides essential constraints for a quantitative description of this simple hydrogen bond. The spectroscopic dissociation energy is predicted to be larger than 18 kJ/mol and the harmonic OH-stretching fundamental shifts by about ?121 cm{sup ?1} upon dimerization, somewhat more than in the anharmonic experiment (?111 cm{sup ?1})
Periodic Discrete Energy for Long-Range Potentials
D. P. Hardin; E. B. Saff; Brian Simanek
2014-12-11
We consider periodic energy problems in Euclidean space with a special emphasis on long-range potentials that cannot be defined through the usual infinite sum. One of our main results builds on more recent developments of Ewald summation to define the periodic energy corresponding to a large class of long-range potentials. Two particularly interesting examples are the logarithmic potential and the Riesz potential when the Riesz parameter is smaller than the dimension of the space. For these examples, we use analytic continuation methods to provide concise formulas for the periodic kernel in terms of the Epstein Hurwitz Zeta function. We apply our energy definition to deduce several properties of the minimal energy including the asymptotic order of growth and the distribution of points in energy minimizing configurations as the number of points becomes large. We conclude with some detailed calculations in the case of one dimension, which shows the utility of this approach.
Cryns, Jackson W.; Hatchell, Brian K.; Santiago-Rojas, Emiliano; Silvers, Kurt L.
2013-07-01
Formal journal article Experimental analysis of a piezoelectric energy harvesting system for harmonic, random, and sine on random vibration Abstract: Harvesting power with a piezoelectric vibration powered generator using a full-wave rectifier conditioning circuit is experimentally compared for varying sinusoidal, random and sine on random (SOR) input vibration scenarios. Additionally, the implications of source vibration characteristics on harvester design are discussed. Studies in vibration harvesting have yielded numerous alternatives for harvesting electrical energy from vibrations but piezoceramics arose as the most compact, energy dense means of energy transduction. The rise in popularity of harvesting energy from ambient vibrations has made piezoelectric generators commercially available. Much of the available literature focuses on maximizing harvested power through nonlinear processing circuits that require accurate knowledge of generator internal mechanical and electrical characteristics and idealization of the input vibration source, which cannot be assumed in general application. In this manuscript, variations in source vibration and load resistance are explored for a commercially available piezoelectric generator. We characterize the source vibration by its acceleration response for repeatability and transcription to general application. The results agree with numerical and theoretical predictions for in previous literature that load optimal resistance varies with transducer natural frequency and source type, and the findings demonstrate that significant gains are seen with lower tuned transducer natural frequencies for similar source amplitudes. Going beyond idealized steady state sinusoidal and simplified random vibration input, SOR testing allows for more accurate representation of real world ambient vibration. It is shown that characteristic interactions from more complex vibrational sources significantly alter power generation and power processing requirements by increasing harvested power, shifting optimal conditioning impedance, inducing significant voltage supply fluctuations and ultimately rendering idealized sinusoidal and random analyses insufficient.
Bonding energies and long-range order in the trialuminides
Sparks, C.J.; Specht, E.D.; Ice, G.E.; Zschack, P.; Schneibel, J.
1990-01-01
The degree of long-range order in the trialuminides is determined by X-ray powder diffraction techniques. Long-range order exists to their melting points. For the binary trialuminides Al{sub 3}Ti, Al{sub 73}Ti{sub 27}, and Al{sub 3}Sc, the degree of long-range order is nearly perfect and is a measure of the lack of mixing of the aluminum atoms onto the sublattice occupied by either Ti or Sc. A calculation of the bond energy between neighboring pairs of atoms from the ordering (melting) temperature is made following the Bragg-Williams mean field theory approach. These bond energies compare favorably with more sophisticated calculations. Bond energies are found to be larger than the energy difference between the crystal structure forms DO{sub 22}, Ll{sub 2}, and DO{sub 23}, and therefore, more relevant to understanding the mechanical and chemical behavior of the trialuminides. Ordering or melting temperatures of these intermetallics reflect the strong Al-metal near-neighbor pair potentials and may provide insights to their brittle properties. 11 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.
Long range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) System | Open Energy
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Long-range coherent energy transport in Photosystem II
Jan J. J. Roden; Doran I. G. Bennett; K. Birgitta Whaley
2015-01-27
We simulate the long-range inter-complex electronic energy transfer in Photosystem II -- from the antenna complex, via a core complex, to the reaction center -- using a non-Markovian (ZOFE) quantum master equation description that allows us to quantify the electronic coherence involved in the energy transfer. We identify the pathways of the energy transfer in the network of coupled chromophores, using a description based on excitation probability currents. We investigate how the energy transfer depends on the initial excitation -- localized, coherent initial excitation versus delocalized, incoherent initial excitation -- and find that the energy transfer is remarkably robust with respect to such strong variations of the initial condition. To explore the importance of vibrationally enhanced transfer and to address the question of optimization in the system parameters, we vary the strength of the coupling between the electronic and the vibrational degrees of freedom. We find that the original parameters lie in a (broad) region that enables optimal transfer efficiency, and that the energy transfer appears to be very robust with respect to variations in the vibronic coupling. Nevertheless, vibrationally enhanced transfer appears to be crucial to obtain a high transfer efficiency. We compare our quantum simulation to a "classical" rate equation based on a modified-Redfield/generalized-F\\"orster description that was previously used to simulate energy transfer dynamics in the entire Photosystem II complex, and find very good agreement between quantum and rate-equation simulation of the overall energy transfer dynamics.
Long-Range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) | Open Energy
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Renewable Energy Opportunities at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico
Chvala, William D.; Solana, Amy E.; States, Jennifer C.; Warwick, William M.; Weimar, Mark R.; Dixon, Douglas R.
2008-09-01
The document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 DoD Renewable Energy Assessment. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also ground source heat pumps (GSHPs) for heating and cooling buildings, as directed by IMCOM.
Toohey, Darin W.
in the Troposphere Summary of Problem/Impact United States dependency on foreign oil and increased energy consumptionZach Harmon 810907207 Air Chemistry Natural Gas Production Impacts on levels of ozone administration to encourage fast growth to reduce dependency of foreign oil and be energy independent. It
Theil, Florian
November 21, 2006 15:33 WSPC - Proceedings Trim Size: 9in x 6in SIMAIproc 1 Energy transport that describe the macroscopic energy transport we introduce the Wigner transform and change variables so of energy transport in harmonic lattices with acoustic dispersion relation. Keywords: Semiclassical analysis
de Oliveira, Mário José
2014-01-01
PHYSICAL REVIEW E 89, 022105 (2014) Fourier's law from a chain of coupled planar harmonic oscillators under energy-conserving noise Gabriel T. Landi1,2 and M´ario J. de Oliveira2 1 Centro de Ci in the velocity while keeping the kinetic energy unchanged. This is modeled by means of a Langevin equation
Bennett, Charles L. (Livermore, CA)
2009-10-20
A high efficiency harmonic engine based on a resonantly reciprocating piston expander that extracts work from heat and pressurizes working fluid in a reciprocating piston compressor. The engine preferably includes harmonic oscillator valves capable of oscillating at a resonant frequency for controlling the flow of working fluid into and out of the expander, and also preferably includes a shunt line connecting an expansion chamber of the expander to a buffer chamber of the expander for minimizing pressure variations in the fluidic circuit of the engine. The engine is especially designed to operate with very high temperature input to the expander and very low temperature input to the compressor, to produce very high thermal conversion efficiency.
Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization
Wiel, Stephen
2008-01-01
and Equipment Energy Efficiency Committee. Available fromE. McMahon. 2001. Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: ALloyd. 1999. Review of energy efficiency test standards and
Energy Impacts of Effective Range Hood Use for all U.S. Residential Cooking
Logue, Jennifer M
2014-01-01
for the impact on consumer cost. Energy Impacts of EffectiveRange Hood Use, LBNL- Page 22 Figure 4 Site energy,source energy, and consumer cost savings compared to
Bennett, Charles L.; Sewall, Noel; Boroa, Carl
2014-08-19
An engine based on a reciprocating piston engine that extracts work from pressurized working fluid. The engine includes a harmonic oscillator inlet valve capable of oscillating at a resonant frequency for controlling the flow of working fluid into of the engine. In particular, the inlet valve includes an inlet valve head and a spring arranged together as a harmonic oscillator so that the inlet valve head is moveable from an unbiased equilibrium position to a biased closed position occluding an inlet. Upon releasing the inlet valve the inlet valve head undergoes a single oscillation past the equilibrium positio to a maximum open position and returns to a biased return position close to the closed position to choke the flow and produce a pressure drop across the inlet valve causing the inlet valve to close. Protrusions carried either by the inlet valve head or piston head are used to bump open the inlet valve from the closed position and initiate the single oscillation of the inlet valve head, and protrusions carried either by the outlet valve head or piston head are used to close the outlet valve ahead of the bump opening of the inlet valve.
Southern Basin and Range Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity forSiliciumEnergyHouston,Windsor,Southchase,Renewable FuelsR EBasin
ESCUELA TCNICA SUPERIOR Using Spherical Harmonic Virtual Screening Tools
Ritchie, Dave
energy Â EAL Â electron affinity Â L Â polarizability Â· Encode as Spherical Harmonic expansions to order
All-particle primary energy spectrum in the 3-200 PeV energy range
A. P. Garyaka; R. M. Martirosov; S. V. Ter-Antonyan; A. D. Erlykin; N. M. Nikolskaya; Y. A. Gallant; L. W. Jones; J. Procureur
2008-08-10
We present all-particle primary cosmic-ray energy spectrum in the 3-200 PeV energy range obtained by a multi-parametric event-by-event evaluation of the primary energy. The results are obtained on the basis of an expanded EAS data set detected at mountain level (700 g/cm^2) by the GAMMA experiment. The energy evaluation method has been developed using the EAS simulation with the SIBYLL interaction model taking into account the response of GAMMA detectors and reconstruction uncertainties of EAS parameters. Nearly unbiased (energy estimations regardless of a primary nuclear mass with an accuracy of about 15-10% in the 3-200 PeV energy range respectively are attained. An irregularity ('bump') in the spectrum is observed at primary energies of ~74 PeV. This bump exceeds a smooth power-law fit to the data by about 4 standard deviations. Not rejecting stochastic nature of the bump completely, we examined the systematic uncertainties of our methods and conclude that they cannot be responsible for the observed feature.
Seismicity of the Coso Range, California | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report UrlNM-bRenewableSMUDSectional Modelof the Coso Range,
Schofield, Jeremy
Quantum free-energy differences from nonequilibrium path integrals. II. Convergence properties July 2008; published 2 October 2008 Nonequilibrium path-integral methods for computing quantum free-energy with the purpose of establishing the convergence properties of the work distribution and free energy as the number
Ground magnetic survey in the Coso Range, California | Open Energy
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China Lake South Range Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR JumpMaine:WestTexas: EnergyExport Partners Jump
Harmonics and Resonance Issues with Wind Plants
Bradt, M. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Badrzadeh, Babak [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Camm, E H [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Castillo, Nestor [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Mueller, David [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Siebert, T. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Schoene, Jens [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Smith, Travis M [ORNL; Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Walling, R. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group
2011-01-01
Wind plants are susceptible to lightly-damped resonances which can attract and amplify ambient grid harmonic distortion and magnify wind turbine harmonic generation. Long-accepted harmonic modeling assumptions and practices are not appropriate for wind plants. VSCs are not ideal current sources and grid impedance is important. Attention to modeling detail and thorough evaluation over range of conditions is critical to meaningful analysis. In general, wind turbines are very slight sources of harmonics. Most harmonic issues are a result of resonance, caused by capacitor banks (for reactive power compensation) or from the extensive underground cabling in a collector system. Converter controls instability can be exacerbated by power system resonances. In some cases this has caused severe voltage distorDon and other problems. The IEEE 519 recommended guidelines are very restrictive. I recommend that they are used to resolve serious harmonic issues, and not to create petty problems.
Harmonic oscillator in a one-dimensional box
Paolo Amore; Francisco M. Fernandez
2009-07-31
We study a harmonic molecule confined to a one--dimensional box with impenetrable walls. We explicitly consider the symmetry of the problem for the cases of different and equal masses. We propose suitable variational functions and compare the approximate energies given by the variation method and perturbation theory with accurate numerical ones for a wide range of values of the box length. We analyze the limits of small and large box size.
Energy Balance in Wireless Networks Using Connection Segmentation and Range Control
Simha, Rahul
Energy Balance in Wireless Networks Using Connection Segmentation and Range Control Nitin Kumar are optimized to balance energy consumption across the network. This paper formulates an en ergy balance nalized for their important role in network operation. While route selection to balance energy [13], [31
Duffy, Thomas S.
Mineral Physics Institute, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA 2 DepartmentAbsolute x-ray energy calibration over a wide energy range using a diffraction-based iterative;REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS 83, 063901 (2012) Absolute x-ray energy calibration over a wide energy
Ranges and kinetic energies of fragments from 14.5-mev neutrons induced fission of ˛ł?U
Desai, Rajanikant Dattatraya
1966-01-01
RANGES AND KINETIC ENERGIES OF FRAGMENTS FROM 238 14. 5-MEV NEJTRONS INDUCED FISSION OF U A Thesis By RAJANIKANT DATTATRAYA DESAI Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1966 Major Subject: 'Chemistry RANGES AND KINETIC ENERGIES OF FRAGMENTS FROM 14 ~ 5-ME% NEUTRONS INDUCED FISSION OF U A Thesis By RAJANIKANT DATTATRAYA DESAI Approved as to style and content by: airman o emmet...
Polynomial Harmonic Morphisms Martin Svensson
Gudmundsson, Sigmundur
Polynomial Harmonic Morphisms Martin Svensson Examensarbete, 20 poang Lunds Universitet November Chapter 2. Harmonic Maps 13 1. The Second Fundamental Form 13 2. Harmonic Maps 18 3. Harmonic Functions 25 Chapter 3. Harmonic Morphisms 29 1. Horizontal Conformality 29 2. Harmonic Morphisms 33 3. The Existence
Cornaton, Yann; Jensen, Hans Jřrgen Aa; Fromager, Emmanuel
2013-01-01
An alternative separation of short-range exchange and correlation energies is used in the framework of second-order range-separated density-functional perturbation theory. This alternative separation was initially proposed by Toulouse et al. [Theor. Chem. Acc. 114, 305 (2005)] and relies on a long-range interacting wavefunction instead of the non-interacting Kohn-Sham one. When second-order corrections to the density are neglected, the energy expression reduces to a range-separated double-hybrid (RSDH) type of functional, RSDHf, where "f" stands for "full-range integrals" as the regular full-range interaction appears explicitly in the energy expression when expanded in perturbation theory. In contrast to usual RSDH functionals, RSDHf describes the coupling between long- and short-range correlations as an orbital-dependent contribution. Calculations on the first four noble-gas dimers show that this coupling has a significant effect on the potential energy curves in the equilibrium region, improving the accurac...
Effective bridge spectral density for long-range biological energy and charge transfer
Mukamel, Shaul
Effective bridge spectral density for long-range biological energy and charge transfer Oliver Ku of intermediate bridge sites in energy and charge transfer processes in molecular aggregates of arbitrary size analysis for a donoracceptor system coupled through a single bridge molecule are presented. © 1996
Future directions for probing two and three nucleon short-range correlations at high energies
Leonid Frankfurt; Misak Sargsian; Mark Strikman
2009-01-15
We summarize recent progress in the studies of the short-rang correlations (SRC) in nuclei in high energy electron and hadron nucleus scattering and suggest directions for the future high energy studies aimed at establishing detailed structure of two-nucleon SRCs, revealing structure of three nucleon SRC correlations and discovering non-nucleonic degrees of freedom in nuclei.
Energy Impacts of Effective Range Hood Use for all U.S. Residential Cooking
Logue, Jennifer M; Singer, Brett
2014-06-01
Range hood use during residential cooking is essential to maintaining good indoor air quality. However, widespread use will impact the energy demand of the U.S. housing stock. This paper describes a modeling study to determine site energy, source energy, and consumer costs for comprehensive range hood use. To estimate the energy impacts for all 113 million homes in the U.S., we extrapolated from the simulation of a representative weighted sample of 50,000 virtual homes developed from the 2009 Residential Energy Consumption Survey database. A physics-based simulation model that considered fan energy, energy to condition additional incoming air, and the effect on home heating and cooling due to exhausting the heat from cooking was applied to each home. Hoods performing at a level common to hoods currently in U.S. homes would require 19?33 TWh [69?120 PJ] of site energy, 31?53 TWh [110-190 PJ] of source energy; and would cost consumers $1.2?2.1 billion (U.S.$2010) annually in the U.S. housing stock. The average household would spend less than $15 annually. Reducing required airflow, e.g. with designs that promote better pollutant capture has more energy saving potential, on average, than improving fan efficiency.
Cross sections for electron scattering by propane in the low- and intermediate-energy ranges
Souza, G. L. C. de; Lee, M.-T.; Sanches, I. P.; Rawat, P.; Iga, I.; Santos, A. S. dos; Machado, L. E.; Sugohara, R. T.; Brescansin, L. M.; Homem, M. G. P.; Lucchese, R. R.
2010-07-15
We present a joint theoretical-experimental study on electron scattering by propane (C{sub 3}H{sub 8}) in the low- and intermediate-energy ranges. Calculated elastic differential, integral, and momentum transfer as well as total (elastic + inelastic) and total absorption cross sections are reported for impact energies ranging from 2 to 500 eV. Also, experimental absolute elastic cross sections are reported in the 40- to 500-eV energy range. A complex optical potential is used to represent the electron-molecule interaction dynamics. A theoretical method based on the single-center-expansion close-coupling framework and corrected by the Pade approximant is used to solve the scattering equations. The experimental angular distributions of the scattered electrons are converted to absolute cross sections using the relative flow technique. The comparison of our calculated with our measured results, as well as with other experimental and theoretical data available in the literature, is encouraging.
Air Shower Measurements in the Primary Energy Range from PeV to EeV
Andreas Haungs
2006-10-23
Recent results of advanced experiments with sophisticated measurements of cosmic rays in the energy range of the so called knee at a few PeV indicate a distinct knee in the energy spectra of light primary cosmic rays and an increasing dominance of heavy ones towards higher energies. This leads to the expectation of knee-like features of the heavy primaries at around 100 PeV. To investigate in detail this energy region several new experiments are or will be devised.
When is the product of two planar harmonic mappings harmonic?
Mortini, Raymond
When is the product of two planar harmonic mappings harmonic? Raymond Mortini Lecturas MatemÂ´aticas Volumen 23 (2002), pÂ´aginas 5Â10 Abstract. We determine all complex-valued harmonic functions u and v defined on a planar domain for which uv, respectively u2 - v2 is harmonic Key words and phrases. Harmonic
Mid-range adiabatic wireless energy transfer via a mediator coil
Rangelov, Andon A
2012-01-01
A technique for efficient mid-range wireless energy transfer between two coils via a mediator coil is proposed. By varying the coil frequencies three resonances are created: emitter-mediator (EM), mediator-receiver (MR) and emitter-receiver (ER). If the frequency sweeps are adiabatic and such that the ER resonance precedes the MR resonance, the energy flows sequentially along the chain emitter-mediator-receiver. If the MR resonance precedes the ER resonance, then the energy flows directly from the emitter to the receiver via the ER resonance; then the losses from the mediator are suppressed. This technique is robust to noise, resonant constraints and external interferences.
Correlation and Finite Interaction-Range Effects in High-Energy Electron Inclusive Scattering
Akihisa Kohama; Koichi Yazaki; Ryoichi Seki
2000-01-19
We calculate cross sections of high energy electron inclusive scattering off nuclear matter in a new and consistent formulation based on the Green's function method with the Glauber approximation, which is an extension of our previous work on the nuclear transparency in (e, e'p) reaction. The comparison with other approaches is discussed. In this framework, we study the finite-range effect of the nucleon-nucleon interaction in the final-state interactions, and the effect of the nuclear short-range correlation. We propose a zero-range approximation, which works well when correlation and finite interaction-range effects are included. It greatly reduces the numerical work, while maintaining a reasonable accuracy.
Harmonic Chain with Weak Dissipation
A. A. Lykov; V. A. Malyshev
2013-02-20
We consider finite harmonic chain (consisting of N classical particles) plus dissipative force acting on one particle (called dissipating particle) only. We want to prove that "in the generic case" the energy (per particle) for the whole system tends to zero in the large time limit and then in the large N limit. "In the generic case" means: for almost all initial conditions and for almost any choice of the dissipating particle, in the thermodynamic limit.
Mid-range adiabatic wireless energy transfer via a mediator coil
Rangelov, A.A., E-mail: rangelov@phys.uni-sofia.bg; Vitanov, N.V.
2012-09-15
A technique for efficient mid-range wireless energy transfer between two coils via a mediator coil is proposed. By varying the coil frequencies, three resonances are created: emitter-mediator (EM), mediator-receiver (MR) and emitter-receiver (ER). If the frequency sweeps are adiabatic and such that the EM resonance precedes the MR resonance, the energy flows sequentially along the chain emitter-mediator-receiver. If the MR resonance precedes the EM resonance, then the energy flows directly from the emitter to the receiver via the ER resonance; then the losses from the mediator are suppressed. This technique is robust against noise, resonant constraints and external interferences. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Efficient and robust mid-range wireless energy transfer via a mediator coil. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The adiabatic energy transfer is analogous to adiabatic passage in quantum optics. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Wireless energy transfer is insensitive to any resonant constraints. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Wireless energy transfer is insensitive to noise in the neighborhood of the coils.
Autonomous Vehicles Have a Wide Range of Possible Energy Impacts (Poster)
Brown, A.; Repac, B.; Gonder, J.
2013-07-01
This poster presents initial estimates of the net energy impacts of automated vehicles (AVs). Automated vehicle technologies are increasingly recognized as having potential to decrease carbon dioxide emissions and petroleum consumption through mechanisms such as improved efficiency, better routing, lower traffic congestion, and by enabling advanced technologies. However, some effects of AVs could conceivably increase fuel consumption through possible effects such as longer distances traveled, increased use of transportation by underserved groups, and increased travel speeds. The net effect on petroleum use and climate change is still uncertain. To make an aggregate system estimate, we first collect best estimates for the energy impacts of approximately ten effects of AVs. We then use a modified Kaya Identity approach to estimate the range of aggregate effects and avoid double counting. We find that depending on numerous factors, there is a wide range of potential energy impacts. Adoption of automated personal or shared vehicles can lead to significant fuel savings but has potential for backfire.
Index calculation by means of harmonic expansion
Imamura, Yosuke
2015-01-01
We review derivation of superconformal indices by means of supersymmetric localization and spherical harmonic expansion for 3d N=2, 4d N=1, and 6d N=(1,0) supersymmetric gauge theories. We demonstrate calculation of indices for vector multiplets in each dimensions by analysing energy eigenmodes in S^pxR. For the 6d index we consider the perturbative contribution only. We put focus on technical details of harmonic expansion rather than physical applications.
Index calculation by means of harmonic expansion
Yosuke Imamura
2015-10-28
We review derivation of superconformal indices by means of supersymmetric localization and spherical harmonic expansion for 3d N=2, 4d N=1, and 6d N=(1,0) supersymmetric gauge theories. We demonstrate calculation of indices for vector multiplets in each dimensions by analysing energy eigenmodes in S^pxR. For the 6d index we consider the perturbative contribution only. We put focus on technical details of harmonic expansion rather than physical applications.
HARMONIC MORPHISMS BETWEEN RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLDS
Gudmundsson, Sigmundur
HARMONIC MORPHISMS BETWEEN RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLDS SIGMUNDUR GUDMUNDSSON AND MARTIN SVENSSON theory of harmonic morphisms between Riemannian manifolds. This research field has developed rapidly geometry a harmonic morphism is a map : (M, g) (N, h) between Riemannian manifolds with the property
Electrodynamic spherical harmonic
Andrey Novitsky
2008-03-28
Electrodynamic spherical harmonic is a second rank tensor in three-dimensional space. It allows to separate the radial and angle variables in vector solutions of Maxwell's equations. Using the orthonormalization for electrodynamic spherical harmonic, a boundary problem on a sphere can be easily solved.
Long-range correlation studies at the SPS energies in MC model with string fusion
Vladimir Kovalenko; Vladimir Vechernin
2015-02-05
Studies of the ultrarelativistic collisions of hadrons and nuclei at different centrality and energy enable to explore the QCD phase diagram in a wide range of temperature and baryon density. Long-range correlation studies are considered as a tool, sensitive to the observation of phase transition and the critical point. In the present work, a Monte Carlo model of proton-proton, proton-nucleus, and nucleus-nucleus collisions is applied to heavy and light ion collisions at the cms energy range from a few up to several hundred GeV per nucleon. The model describes the nuclear collisions at the partonic level through interaction of color dipoles and takes into account the effects of string fusion, which can be considered as an alternative to relativistic hydrodynamics way of describing the collective phenomena in heavy-ion collisions. The implementing of both the string fusion and the finite rapidity length of strings allowed to consider the particle production at non-zero baryochemical potential. We calculated the long-range correlation functions and correlation coefficients between multiplicities and transverse momentum at several energies for different colliding systems and obtained predictions for the experiment.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Khachatryan, V. [Yerevan Physics Institute (Armenia); et al.,
2015-03-01
Measurements of two-particle angular correlations between an identified strange hadron (K0S or Lambda/anti-Lambda) and a charged particle, emitted in pPb collisions, are presented over a wide range in pseudorapidity and full azimuth. The data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 35 inverse nanobarns, were collected at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy (sqrt(s[NN])) of 5.02 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The results are compared to semi-peripheral PbPb collision data at sqrt(s[NN]) = 2.76 TeV, covering similar charged-particle multiplicities in the events. The observed azimuthal correlations at large relative pseudorapidity are used to extract the second-order (v[2]) and third-order (v[3]) anisotropy harmonics of K0S and Lambda/anti-Lambda particles. These quantities are studied as a function of the charged-particle multiplicity in the event and the transverse momentum of the particles. For high-multiplicity pPb events, a clear particle species dependence of v[2] and v[3] is observed. For pt < 2 GeV, the v[2] and v[3] values of K0S particles are larger than those of Lambda/anti-Lambda particles at the same pt. This splitting effect between two particle species is found to be stronger in pPb than in PbPb collisions in the same multiplicity range. When divided by the number of constituent quarks and compared at the same transverse kinetic energy per quark, both v[2] and v[3] for K0S particles are observed to be consistent with those for Lambda/anti-Lambda particles at the 10% level in pPb collisions. This consistency extends over a wide range of particle transverse kinetic energy and event multiplicities.
Bao-An Li; Wen-Jun Guo; Zhaozhong Shi
2015-03-20
Besides earlier predictions based on both phenomenological models and modern microscopic many-body theories, circumstantial evidence was recently found for a reduced kinetic symmetry energy of isospin-asymmetric nucleonic matter compared to the free Fermi gas model prediction due to the short-range correlation of high-momentum neutron-proton pairs. While keeping the total symmetry energy near the saturation density of nuclear matter consistent with existing experimental constraints, we examine the correspondingly enhanced role of the isospin degree of freedom in heavy-ion collisions at intermediate energies due to the reduced (enhanced) kinetic (potential) symmetry energy. Important observable consequences are investigated.
Low-energy parameters of neutron-neutron interaction in the effective-range approximation
Babenko, V. A.; Petrov, N. M. [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics (Ukraine)
2013-06-15
The effect of the mass difference between the charged and neutral pions on the low-energy parameters of nucleon-nucleon interaction in the {sup 1}S{sub 0} state is studied in the effective-range approximation. On the basis of experimental values of the singlet parameters of neutron-proton scattering and the experimental value of the virtual-state energy for the neutron-neutron systemin the {sup 1}S{sub 0} state, the following values were obtained for the neutron-neutron scattering length and effective range: a{sub nn} = -16.59(117) fm and r{sub nn} = 2.83(11) fm. The calculated values agree well with present-day experimental results.
Alexandre Jollivet
2013-06-16
We define scattering data for the Newton equation in a potential $V\\in C^2(\\R^n,\\R)$, $n\\ge2$, that decays at infinity like $r^{-\\alpha}$ for some $\\alpha\\in (0,1]$. We provide estimates on the scattering solutions and scattering data and we prove, in particular, that the scattering data at high energies uniquely determine the short range part of the potential up to the knowledge of the long range tail of the potential. The Born approximation at fixed energy of the scattering data is also considered. We then change the definition of the scattering data to study inverse scattering in other asymptotic regimes. These results were obtained by developing the inverse scattering approach of [Novikov, 1999].
A space bourne crystal diffraction telescope for the energy range of nuclear transitions
von Ballmoos, P.; Naya, J.E.; Albernhe, F.; Vedrenne, G. [Centre d`Etude Spatial des Rayonnements, Toulouse (France); Smither, R.K.; Faiz, M.; Fernandez, P.; Graber, T. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
1995-10-01
Recent experimental work of the Toulouse-Argonne collaboration has opened for perspective of a focusing gamma-ray telescope operating in the energy range of nuclear transitions, featuring unprecedented sensitivity, angular and energy resolution. The instrument consists of a tunable crystal diffraction lens situated on a stabilized spacecraft, focusing gamma-rays onto a small array of Germanium detectors perched on an extendible boom. While the weight of such an instrument is less than 500 kg, it features an angular resolution of 15 in., an energy resolution of 2 keV and a 3 {sigma} narrow line sensitivity of a few times 10{sup {minus}7} photons s{sup {minus}1} cm{sup {minus}2} (10{sup 6} sec observation). This instrumental concept permits observation of any identified source at any selected line-energy in a range of typically 200 keV to 1300 keV. The resulting ``sequential`` operation mode makes sites of explosive nucleosynthesis natural scientific objectives for such a telescope: the nuclear lines of extragalactic supernovae ({sup 56}Ni, {sup 44}Ti, {sup 60}Fe) and galactic novae (p{sup {minus}}p{sup +} line, {sup 7}Be) are accessible to observation, one at a time, due to the erratic appearance and the sequence of half-lifes of these events. Other scientific objectives, include the narrow 511 keV line from galactic broad class annihilators (such as 1E1740-29, nova musca) and possible redshifted annihilation lines from AGN`s.
Harmonic Morphisms -Basics Sigmundur Gudmundsson
Gudmundsson, Sigmundur
Harmonic Morphisms - Basics Sigmundur Gudmundsson Department of Mathematics Faculty of Science Lund University Sigmundur.Gudmundsson@math.lu.se March 11, 2014 #12;Harmonic Maps in Gaussian Geometry Harmonic Maps in Riemannian Geometry Outline 1 Harmonic Maps in Gaussian Geometry Holomorphic Functions in One
Mark W. Coffey
2008-12-09
We evaluate binomial series with harmonic number coefficients, providing recursion relations, integral representations, and several examples. The results are of interest to analytic number theory, the analysis of algorithms, and calculations of theoretical physics, as well as other applications.
Long-range correlation studies at the SPS energies in MC model with string fusion
Kovalenko, Vladimir
2015-01-01
Studies of the ultrarelativistic collisions of hadrons and nuclei at different centrality and energy enable to explore the QCD phase diagram in a wide range of temperature and baryon density. Long-range correlation studies are considered as a tool, sensitive to the observation of phase transition and the critical point. In the present work, a Monte Carlo model of proton-proton, proton-nucleus, and nucleus-nucleus collisions is applied to heavy and light ion collisions at the cms energy range from a few up to several hundred GeV per nucleon. The model describes the nuclear collisions at the partonic level through interaction of color dipoles and takes into account the effects of string fusion, which can be considered as an alternative to relativistic hydrodynamics way of describing the collective phenomena in heavy-ion collisions. The implementing of both the string fusion and the finite rapidity length of strings allowed to consider the particle production at non-zero baryochemical potential. We calculated th...
Long range rapidity correlations and jet production in high energy nuclear collisions
Abelev, B. I.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Alakhverdyants, A. V.; Anderson, B. D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G. S.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L. S.; Baudot, J.; Baumgart, S.; Beavis, D. R.; Bellwied, R.; Benedosso, F.; Betancourt, M. J.; Betts, R. R.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A. K.; Bichsel, H.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Biritz, B.; Bland, L. C.; Bnzarov, I.; Bombara, M.; Bonner, B. E.; Bouchet, J.; Braidot, E.; Brandin, A. V.; Bruna, E.; Bueltmann, S.; Burton, T. P.; Bystersky, M.; Cai, X. Z.; Caines, H.; Sanchez, M. Calderon de la Barca; Catu, O.; Cebra, D.; Cendejas, R.; Cervantes, M. C.; Chajecki, Z.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H. F.; Chen, J. H.; Chen, J. Y.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Choi, K. E.; Christie, W.; Clarke, R. F.; Codrington, M. J. M.; Corliss, R.; Cormier, T. M.; Cosentino, M. R.; Cramer, J. G.; Crawford, H. J.; Das, D.; Dash, S.; Daugherity, M.; De Silva, L. C.; Dedovich, T. G.; DePhillips, M.; Derevschikov, A. A.; de Souza, R. Derradi; Didenko, L.; Djawotho, P.; Dogra, S. M.; Dong, X.; Drachenberg, J. L.; Draper, J. E.; Dunlop, J. C.; Mazumdar, M. R. Dutta; Efimov, L. G.; Elhalhuli, E.; Elnimr, M.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Eun, L.; Fachini, P.; Fatemi, R.; Fedorisin, J.; Feng, A.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fine, V.; Fisyak, Y.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Gaillard, L.; Gangadharan, D. R.; Ganti, M. S.; Garcia-Solis, E. J.; Geromitsos, A.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gorbunov, Y. N.; Gordon, A.; Grebenyuk, O.; Grosnick, D.; Grube, B.; Guertin, S. M.; Guimaraes, K. S. F. F.; Gupta, A.; Gupta, N.; Guryn, W.; Haag, B.; Hallman, T. J.; Hamed, A.; Harris, J. W.; He, W.; Heinz, M.; Heppelmann, S.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffman, A. M.; Hoffmann, G. W.; Hofman, D. J.; Hollis, R. S.; Huang, H. Z.; Humanic, T. J.; Huo, L.; Igo, G.; Iordanova, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W. W.; Jakl, P.; Jena, C.; Jin, F.; Jones, C. L.; Jones, P. G.; Joseph, J.; Judd, E. G.; Kabana, S.; Kajimoto, K.; Kang, K.; Kapitan, J.; Kauder, K.; Keane, D.; Kechechyan, A.; Kettler, D.; Khodyrev, V. Yu; Kikola, D. P.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Klein, S. R.; Knospe, A. G.; Kocoloski, A.; Koetke, D. D.; Konzer, J.; Kopytine, M.; Koralt, I.; Korsch, W.; Kotchenda, L.; Kouchpil, V.; Kravtsov, P.; Kravtsov, V. I.; Krueger, K.; Krus, M.; Kuhn, C.; Kumar, L.; Kurnadi, P.; Lamont, M. A. C.; Landgraf, J. M.; LaPointe, S.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednicky, R.; Lee, C. -H; Lee, J. H.; Leight, W.; LeVine, M. J.; Li, C.; Li, N.; Li, Y.; Lin, G.; Lindenbaum, S. J.; Lisa, M. A.; Liu, F.; Liu, H.; Liu, J.; Liu, L.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, W. J.; Longacre, R. S.; Love, W. A.; Lu, Y.; Ludlam, T.; Ma, G. L.; Ma, Y. G.; Mahapatra, D. P.; Majka, R.; Mall, O. I.; Mangotra, L. K.; Manweiler, R.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Masui, H.; Matis, H. S.; Matulenko, Yu A.; McDonald, D.; McShane, T. S.; Meschanin, A.; Milner, R.; Minaev, N. G.; Mioduszewski, Saskia; Mischke, A.; Mohanty, B.; Morozov, D. A.; Munhoz, M. G.; Nandi, B. K.; Nattrass, C.; Nayak, T. K.; Nelson, J. M.; Netrakanti, P. K.; Ng, M. J.; Nogach, L. V.; Nurushev, S. B.; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Okada, H.; Okorokov, V.; Olson, D.; Pachr, M.; Page, B. S.; Pal, S. K.; Pandit, Y.; Panebratsev, Y.; Pawlak, T.; Peitzmann, T.; Perevoztchikov, V.; Perkins, C.; Peryt, W.; Phatak, S. C.; Pile, P.; Planinic, M.; Ploskon, M. A.; Pluta, J.; Plyku, D.; Poljak, N.; Poskanzer, A. M.; Potukuchi, B. V. K. S.; Prindle, D.; Pruneau, C.; Pruthi, N. K.; Pujahari, P. R.; Putschke, J.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ray, R. L.; Redwine, R.; Reed, R.; Ridiger, A.; Ritter, H. G.; Roberts, J. B.; Rogachevskiy, O. V.; Romero, J. L.; Rose, A.; Roy, C.; Ruan, L.; Russcher, M. J.; Sahoo, R.; Sakai, S.; Sakrejda, I.; Sakuma, T.; Salur, S.; Sandweiss, J.; Sarsour, M.; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, R. P.; Schmitz, N.; Seger, J.; Selyuzhenkov, I.; Seyboth, P.; Shabetai, A.; Shahaliev, E.; Shao, M.; Sharma, M.; Shi, S. S.; Shi, X. -H; Sichtermann, E. P.; Simon, F.; Singaraju, R. N.; Skoby, M. J.; Smirnov, N.; Sorensen, P.; Sowinski, J.; Spinka, H. M.; Srivastava, B.; Stanislaus, T. D. S.; Staszak, D.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Suaide, A. A. P.; Suarez, M. C.; Subba, N. L.; Sumbera, M.; Sun, X. M.; Sun, Y.; Sun, Z.; Surrow, B.; Symons, T. J. M.; de Toledo, A. Szanto; Takahashi, J.; Tang, A. H.; Tang, Z.; Tarini, L. H.; Tarnowsky, T.; Thein, D.; Thomas, J. H.; Tian, J.; Timmins, A. R.; Timoshenko, S.; Tlusty, D.; Tokarev, M.; Trainor, T. A.; Tram, V. N.; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, Robert E.; Tsai, O. D.; Ulery, J.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, D. G.; Van Buren, G.; van Nieuwenhuizen, G.; Vanfossen, J. A., Jr.; Varma, R.; Vasconcelos, G. M. S.; Vasiliev, A. N.; Videbaek, F.; Vigdor, S. E.; Viyogi, Y. P.; Vokal, S.; Voloshin, S. A.
2009-01-01
REVIEW C 80, 064912 (2009) Long range rapidity correlations and jet production in high energy nuclear collisions B. I. Abelev,8 M. M. Aggarwal,30 Z. Ahammed,47 A. V. Alakhverdyants,17 B. D. Anderson,18 D. Arkhipkin,3 G. S. Averichev,17 J. Balewski,22 O.... Barannikova,8 L. S. Barnby,2 J. Baudot,15 S. Baumgart,52 D. R. Beavis,3 R. Bellwied,50 F. Benedosso,27 M. J. Betancourt,22 R. R. Betts,8 A. Bhasin,16 A. K. Bhati,30 H. Bichsel,49 J. Bielcik,10 J. Bielcikova,11 B. Biritz,6 L. C. Bland,3 I. Bnzarov,17 M...
Harmonic potential and hadron spectroscopy
Rafael Tumanyan
2009-05-28
The quark-gluon sea in the hadrons is considered as periodically correlated. Energy levels of Shrodinger equation with harmonic potential is used for describing of the spectrum of hadron masses. In the considered cases the effective potential operating on each particle of ensemble, under certain conditions becomes square-law on displacement from a equilibrium point. It can become an explanation of popularity of oscillator potential for the description of a spectrum of masses of elementary particles. The analysis shows that levels of periodic potential better agreed to the spectrum of hadron masses, than levels of other potentials used for an explanation of a spectrum of masses.
Momentum and Energy Distributions of Nucleons in Finite Nuclei due to Short-Range Correlations
H. Müther; A. Polls; W. H. Dickhoff
1994-11-08
The influence of short-range correlations on the momentum and energy distribution of nucleons in nuclei is evaluated assuming a realistic meson-exchange potential for the nucleon-nucleon interaction. Using the Green-function approach the calculations are performed directly for the finite nucleus $^{16}$O avoiding the local density approximation and its reference to studies of infinite nuclear matter. The nucleon-nucleon correlations induced by the short-range and tensor components of the interaction yield an enhancement of the momentum distribution at high momenta as compared to the Hartree-Fock description. These high-momentum components should be observed mainly in nucleon knockout reactions like $(e,e'p)$ leaving the final nucleus in a state of high excitation energy. Our analysis also demonstrates that non-negligible contributions to the momentum distribution should be found in partial waves which are unoccupied in the simple shell-model. The treatment of correlations beyond the Brueckner-Hartree-Fock approximation also yields an improvement for the calculated ground-state properties.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Khachatryan, V.; et al.,
2015-03-01
Measurements of two-particle angular correlations between an identified strange hadron (K0S or Lambda/anti-Lambda) and a charged particle, emitted in pPb collisions, are presented over a wide range in pseudorapidity and full azimuth. The data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 35 inverse nanobarns, were collected at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy (sqrt(s[NN])) of 5.02 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The results are compared to semi-peripheral PbPb collision data at sqrt(s[NN]) = 2.76 TeV, covering similar charged-particle multiplicities in the events. The observed azimuthal correlations at large relative pseudorapidity are used to extract the second-order (v[2]) and third-ordermore »(v[3]) anisotropy harmonics of K0S and Lambda/anti-Lambda particles. These quantities are studied as a function of the charged-particle multiplicity in the event and the transverse momentum of the particles. For high-multiplicity pPb events, a clear particle species dependence of v[2] and v[3] is observed. For pt « less
Summers, Mark A. (Livermore, CA); Eimerl, David (Pleasanton, CA); Boyd, Robert D. (Livermore, CA)
1985-01-01
A pair of uniaxial birefringent crystal elements are fixed together to form a serially arranged, integral assembly which, alternatively, provides either a linearly or elliptically polarized second-harmonic output wave or a linearly polarized third-harmonic output wave. The "extraordinary" or "e" directions of the crystal elements are oriented in the integral assembly to be in quadrature (90.degree.). For a second-harmonic generation in the Type-II-Type-II angle tuned case, the input fundamental wave has equal amplitude "o" and "e" components. For a third-harmonic generation, the input fundamental wave has "o" and "e" components whose amplitudes are in a ratio of 2:1 ("o":"e" reference first crystal). In the typical case of a linearly polarized input fundamental wave this can be accomplished by simply rotating the crystal assembly about the input beam direction by 10.degree.. For both second and third harmonic generation input precise phase-matching is achieved by tilting the crystal assembly about its two sensitive axes ("o").
Summers, M.A.; Eimerl, D.; Boyd, R.D.
1982-06-10
A pair of uniaxial birefringent crystal elements are fixed together to form a serially arranged, integral assembly which, alternatively, provides either a linearly or elliptically polarized second-harmonic output wave or a linearly polarized third-harmonic output wave. The extraordinary or e directions of the crystal elements are oriented in the integral assembly to be in quadrature (90/sup 0/). For a second-harmonic generation in the Type-II-Type-II angle tuned case, the input fundamental wave has equal amplitude o and e components. For a third-harmonic generation, the input fundamental wave has o and e components whose amplitudes are in a ratio of 2:1 (o:e reference first crystal). In the typical case of a linearly polarized input fundamental wave this can be accomplished by simply rotating the crystal assembly about the input beam direction by 10/sup 0/. For both second and third harmonic generation input precise phase-matching is achieved by tilting the crystal assembly about its two sensitive axeses (o).
Harmonic resolution as a holographic quantum number
Bousso, Raphael
2009-01-01
LBNL- 57239 Harmonic resolution as a holographic quantumhep-th/0310223 UCB-PTH-03/26 Harmonic resolution as aquantum number, the harmonic resolution K. The Bekenstein
Harmonic functions on Walsh's Brownian motion
Jehring, Kristin Elizabeth
2009-01-01
4.3 Harmonic Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Chapter 3 Harmonic Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1Markov Chains 4.3.2 Harmonic Functions for the Embedded
Morselli, Aldo
of spectrometer is proposed to measure the primary protons and electrons in the energy range of 1011 - 1013 e the primary electrons with energy 1011 -1013 eV from the proton flux with a rejection factor up to 10 to investigate the particle energy roughly up to 1013 eV. That means that primary protons and electrons
The study of the photon structure function at the ILC energy range
B. Krupa; T. Wojto?; L. Zawiejski
2015-03-26
At the future $e^{+}e^{-}$ linear collider ILC/CLIC it will be able to measure the photon structure functions in a wider range of kinematic variables x and $Q^{2}$ in comparison to the previous results of experiments at LEP. The classical way to measure the photon structure functions is the study of $e^{+}e^{-} \\rightarrow e^{+}e^{-} {\\gamma}{\\gamma} \\rightarrow e^{+}e^{-}$ X process, where X is the leptonic or hadronic final state. For the study of the QED and hadronic photon structure functions the simulations of two-photon processes were performed at the ILC center-of-mass energy equal to 500 GeV using the PYTHIA and the ILCSoft package. The analysis used information related to the forward detectors, tracking detectors and calorimeters which are parts of the ILD detector concept.
Derrien, H
2004-05-27
Average values of the neutron total cross sections of {sup 233}U, {sup 235}U, {sup 238}U, and {sup 239}Pu have been obtained in the unresolved resonance energy range from high-resolution transmission measurements performed at ORELA in the past two decades. The cross sections were generated by correcting the effective total cross sections for the self-shielding effects due to the resonance structure of the data. The self-shielding factors were found by calculating the effective and true cross sections with the computer code SAMMY for the same Doppler and resolution conditions as for the transmission measurements, using an appropriate set of resonance parameters. Our results are compared to results of previous measurements and to the current ENDF/B-VI data.
Energy Impacts of Effective Range Hood Use for all U.S. Residential Cooking
Logue, Jennifer M
2014-01-01
Department. 2005. The Home Energy Saver: Documentation ofalgorithm of the Home Energy Saver calculation engine (Mills
Harmonic tori in spheres and complex projective spaces F. E. Burstall
Burstall, Fran E.
Harmonic tori in spheres and complex projective spaces F. E. Burstall Introduction A map : M N of Riemannian manifolds is harmonic if it extremises the energy functional: |d|2 dvol on every compact subdomain of M. Harmonic maps arise in many different contexts in Geometry and Physics (for an overview, see [16
Harmonic tori in spheres and complex projective spaces F. E. Burstall
Bath, University of
Harmonic tori in spheres and complex projective spaces F. E. Burstall Introduction A map OE : M ! N of Riemannian manifolds is harmonic if it extremises the energy functional: Z jdOEj 2 dvol on every compact subdomain of M . Harmonic maps arise in many different contexts in Geometry and Physics (for an overview
Exploration of Below-Threshold Harmonic Generation Mechanisms of Cesium Atoms
Chu, Shih-I
Chapter 13 Exploration of Below-Threshold Harmonic Generation Mechanisms of Cesium Atoms in Intense-perturbative quantum study of high-order harmonic generation (HHG) of Cesium atoms in intense mid-infrared laser pulses of harmonics in this intermediate energy regime [35]. Power et al. [3] performed the experiments with Cesium
HARMONIC MORPHISMS ON HOMOGENEOUS HADAMARD
Gudmundsson, Sigmundur
HARMONIC MORPHISMS ON HOMOGENEOUS HADAMARD MANIFOLDS JONAS NORDSTRĂ?M Master's thesis 2010:E14;#12;Abstract In this thesis we investigate the existence of complex-valued harmonic morphisms on Lie groups of their Lie algebra. This decomposi- tion allows us to define harmonic morphisms to Rn , n 2. Any homogeneous
Second Harmonic Generation From Surfaces
Botti, Silvana
Second Harmonic Generation From Surfaces Nicolas Tancogne-Dejean, Valérie Véniard Condensed Matter/DSM European Theoretical Spectroscopy Facility #12;2 Outline Nonlinear optic and second harmonic generation;4 Second harmonic generation First nonlinear term Centrosymmetric material : (2) = 0 (3)First nonlinear
repulsion and quantization in almost-harmonic maps, and asymptotics of the harmonic map flow
Topping, Peter
.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2 Almost-harmonic maps - the proof of Theorem 1.2 13 2.1 Basic technology Topping #3; Abstract We present an analysis of bounded-energy low-tension maps between 2-spheres, we show that we can establish a `quantization estimate' which constrains the energy of the map to lie
Analysis of Long-range Clean Energy Investment Scenarios for Eritrea, East Africa
Van Buskirk, Robert D.
2004-01-01
Clean Energy Investment Scenarios for Eritrea, East Africaand renewable energy development scenarios for Eritrea, EastEritrea, East Africa in an effort to facilitate clean energy
Tentzeris, Manos
A Battery-Less, Energy Harvesting Device for Long Range Scavenging of Wireless Power from. Index Terms -- Antenna, Charge Pump, DVT, Energy Harvesting, Power Scavenging, TV, Wireless Power resulted in broadcast of perpetually on, wireless digital TV signals over the air at wider bandwidths
HĂ¶randel, JĂ¶rg R.
of new hadronic interaction mechanisms at the knee energy, as for example the production of heavyPlace Conference Title, Location, and Dates Here 1 Cosmic Rays in the PeV Energy Range: KASCADE, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, 76021 Karlsruhe, Germany T. Antoni, J.R. HÂ¨orandel, M. Roth, M. StÂ¨umpert Institut f
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Bierbach, Jana; Yeung, Mark; Eckner, Erich; Roedel, Christian; Kuschel, Stephan; Zepf, Matt; Paulus, Gerhard G.
2015-05-01
Surface high-harmonic generation in the relativistic regime is demonstrated as a source of extreme ultra-violet (XUV) pulses with extended operation time. Relativistic high-harmonic generation is driven by a frequency-doubled high-power Ti:Sapphire laser focused to a peak intensity of 3·1019 W/cm2 onto spooling tapes. We demonstrate continuous operation over up to one hour runtime at a repetition rate of 1 Hz. Harmonic spectra ranging from 20 eV to 70 eV (62 nm to 18 nm) were consecutively recorded by an XUV spectrometer. An average XUV pulse energy in the µJ range is measured. With the presented setup, relativistic surface high-harmonic generationmore »becomes a powerful source of coherent XUV pulses that might enable applications in, e.g. attosecond laser physics and the seeding of free-electron lasers, when the laser issues causing 80-% pulse energy fluctuations are overcome.« less
Noble Gas Clusters and Nanoplasmas in High Harmonic Generation
Aladi, M; Rácz, P; Földes, I B
2015-01-01
We report a study of high harmonic generation from noble gas clusters of xenon atoms in a gas jet. Harmonic spectra were investigated as a function of backing pressure, showing spectral shifts due to the nanoplasma electrons in the clusters. At certain value of laser intensity this process may oppose the effect of the well-known ionization-induced blueshift. In addition, these cluster-induced harmonic redshifts may give the possibility to estimate cluster density and cluster size in the laser-gas jet interaction range.
Harmonic oscillator model for the helium atom
Carlsen, Martin
2015-01-01
A harmonic oscillator model in four dimensions is presented for the helium atom to estimate the distance to the inner and outer electron from the nucleus, the angle between electrons and the energy levels. The method is algebraic and is not based on the choice of correct trial wave function. Three harmonic oscillators and thus three quantum numbers are sufficient to describe the two-electron system. We derive a simple formula for the energy in the general case and in the special case of the Wannier Ridge. For a set of quantum numbers the distance to the electrons and the angle between the electrons are uniquely determined as the intersection between three surfaces. We show that the excited states converge either towards ionization thresholds or towards extreme parallel or antiparallel states and provide an estimate of the ground state energy.
Scaling functions of two-neutron separation energies of $^{20}C$ with finite range potentials
M. A. Shalchi; M. R. Hadizadeh; M. T. Yamashita; Lauro Tomio; T. Frederico
2015-08-25
The behaviour of an Efimov excited state is studied within a three-body Faddeev formalism for a general neutron-neutron-core system, where neutron-core is bound and neutron-neutron is unbound, by considering zero-ranged as well as finite-ranged two-body interactions. For the finite-ranged interactions we have considered a one-term separable Yamaguchi potential. The main objective is to study range corrections in a scaling approach, with focus in the exotic carbon halo nucleus $^{20}C$.
Ryoichi Seki; T. D. Shoppa; Akihisa Kohama; Koichi Yazaki
1995-12-06
Nuclear transparency is calculated for high-energy, semi-inclusive $(e,e'p)$ reactions, by accounting for all orders of Glauber multiple-scattering and by using realistic finite-range $p N$ interaction and (dynamically and statistically) correlated nuclear wave functions. The nuclear correlation effect is reduced due to the $p N$ finite-range effect. The net effect is small, and depends sensitively on details of the nuclear correlations in finite nuclei, which are poorly known at present.
S. C. Tiwari
2007-06-09
A generalized harmonic map equation is presented based on the proposed action functional in the Weyl space (PLA, 135, 315, 1989).
LCA Harmonization | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar HydroElectric Cooperative(Redirected from Renewable
A system for differential neutron scattering experiments in the energy range from 0.5 to 20 MeV
Danon, Yaron
A system for differential neutron scattering experiments in the energy range from 0.5 to 20 MeV F 2010 Accepted 15 April 2010 Available online 27 May 2010 Keywords: Scattering Neutron Benchmark dependent scattered neutron distributions. Scattering measurements were performed on carbon and molybdenum
Analysis of Long-range Clean Energy Investment Scenarios forEritrea, East Africa
Van Buskirk, Robert D.
2004-05-07
We discuss energy efficiency and renewable energy investments in Eritrea from the strategic long-term economic perspective of meeting Eritrea's sustainable development goals and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Energy efficiency and renewable energy are potentially important contributors to national productive capital accumulation, enhancement of the environment, expansion of energy services, increases in household standard of living, and improvements in health. In this study we develop a spreadsheet model for calculating some of the national benefits and costs of different levels of investment in energy efficiency and renewable energy. We then present the results of the model in terms of investment demand and investment scenario curves. These curves express the contribution that efficiency and renewable energy projects can make in terms of reduced energy sector operating expenses, and reduced carbon emissions. We provide demand and supply curves that show the rate of return, the cost of carbon emissions reductions vs. supply, and the evolution of the marginal carbon emissions per dollar of GDP for different investment levels and different fuel-type subsectors.
Harmonic Wavelet Transform and Image Approximation
Zhang, Zhihua; Saito, Naoki
2010-01-01
DOI 10.1007/s10851-010-0202-x Harmonic Wavelet Transform andwe approximate f by a harmonic function u such that thebanks. We call this the Harmonic Wavelet Transform (HWT).
Harmonic-Oscillator-Based Effective Theory
W. C. Haxton
2006-08-06
I describe harmonic-oscillator-based effective theory (HOBET) and explore the extent to which the effects of excluded higher-energy oscillator shells can be represented by a contact-gradient expansion in next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO). I find the expansion can be very successful provided the energy dependence of the effective interaction, connected with missing long-wavelength physics associated with low-energy breakup channels, is taken into account. I discuss a modification that removes operator mixing from HOBET, simplifying the task of determining the parameters of an NNLO interaction.
Energy Dependence of exotic nuclei production cross sections by photofission reaction in GDR range
Bhowmick, Debasis; Atta, Debasis; Basu, D N; Chakrabarti, Alok
2015-01-01
Photofission of actinides is studied in the region of nuclear excitation energies that covers the entire giant dipole resonance (GDR) region. The mass distributions of $^{238}$U photofission fragments have been explored theoretically for eight different endpoint bremsstrahlung energies from 11.5 MeV to 67.7 MeV which correspond to average photon energy of 9.09 MeV to 15.90 MeV. Among these energies, the 29.1 MeV corresponds to the average photon energy of 13.7$\\pm$0.3 MeV which coincides with GDR peak for $^{238}$U photofission. The integrated yield of $^{238}$U photofission as well as charge distribution of photofission products are calculated and its role in producing nuclei and their neutron-richness is investigated.
Vuik, Kees
for energy, environment, and health. NRG offers a wide range of services to energy utilities, governmentNuclear Research & Consultancy Group (NRG) develops and provides sustainable nuclear technology organizations and various branches of industry - including the nuclear, financial services and medical sectors
Principles and Design Considerations for Short-Range Energy Balanced Radar Networks
Massachusetts at Amherst, University of
behind "Off- The-Grid" (OTG) weather radar networks. These are envisioned as self-contained networks. Donovan1 , David J. McLaughlin1 , Jim Kurose2 1 Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2 Computer Science of the troposphere that are unobserved by today's long-range weather radars. Future distributed radar networks
Harmonic bundles, topological-antitopological fusion
Henri PoincarĂ© -Nancy-UniversitĂ©, UniversitĂ©
Harmonic bundles, topological-antitopological fusion and the related pluriharmonic maps Lars Sch associated to a harmonic bundle 7 1 Introduction Topological-antitopological fusion or tt -geometry
Equation of state for tungsten over a wide range of densities and internal energies
Khishchenko, Konstantin V
2015-01-01
A caloric model, which describes the pressure--density--internal-energy relationship in a broad region of condensed-phase states, is applied for tungsten. As distinct from previously known caloric equations of state for this material, a new form of the cold-compression curve at $T = 0$~K is used. Thermodynamic characteristics along the cold curve and shock Hugoniots are calculated for the metal and compared with some theoretical results and experimental data available at high energy densities.
High-energy single diffractive dissociation of nucleons and the 3P-model applicability range
Godizov, A A
2015-01-01
The adequacy of the triple-pomeron interaction approximation (the 3P-model) for description of the high-energy single diffractive dissociation of nucleons is analyzed via application to the available experimental data on nucleon-nucleon scattering, including the recent results produced by CMS Collaboration. It is argued that the total contribution of secondary reggeon exchanges is not negligible up to the Tevatron energy.
Driven harmonic oscillator as a quantum simulator for open systems
Jyrki Piilo; Sabrina Maniscalco
2006-10-03
We show theoretically how a driven harmonic oscillator can be used as a quantum simulator for non-Markovian damped harmonic oscillator. In the general framework, the results demonstrate the possibility to use a closed system as a simulator for open quantum systems. The quantum simulator is based on sets of controlled drives of the closed harmonic oscillator with appropriately tailored electric field pulses. The non-Markovian dynamics of the damped harmonic oscillator is obtained by using the information about the spectral density of the open system when averaging over the drives of the closed oscillator. We consider single trapped ions as a specific physical implementation of the simulator, and we show how the simulator approach reveals new physical insight into the open system dynamics, e.g. the characteristic quantum mechanical non-Markovian oscillatory behavior of the energy of the damped oscillator, usually obtained by the non-Lindblad-type master equation, can have a simple semiclassical interpretation.
Isotopic Analysis At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy
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Water Sampling At Northern Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy
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Water Sampling At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy
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Compton scattering for spectroscopic detection of ultra-fast, high flux, broad energy range X-rays
Cipiccia, S.; Wiggins, S. M.; Brunetti, E.; Vieux, G.; Yang, X.; Welsh, G. H.; Anania, M.; Islam, M. R.; Ersfeld, B.; Jaroszynski, D. A. [Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, John Anderson Building, 107 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom)] [Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, John Anderson Building, 107 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom); Maneuski, D.; Montgomery, R.; Smith, G.; Hoek, M.; Hamilton, D. J.; Shea, V. O. [Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ (United Kingdom)] [Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ (United Kingdom); Issac, R. C. [Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, John Anderson Building, 107 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom) [Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, John Anderson Building, 107 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom); Research Department of Physics, Mar Athanasius College, Kothamangalam 686666, Kerala (India); Lemos, N. R. C.; Dias, J. M. [GoLP/Instituto de Plasmas eFusăo Nuclear, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal)] [GoLP/Instituto de Plasmas eFusăo Nuclear, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal); Symes, D. R. [Central Laser Facility, Science and Technology Facilities Council, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, OX11 0QX Didcot (United Kingdom)] [Central Laser Facility, Science and Technology Facilities Council, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, OX11 0QX Didcot (United Kingdom); and others
2013-11-15
Compton side-scattering has been used to simultaneously downshift the energy of keV to MeV energy range photons while attenuating their flux to enable single-shot, spectrally resolved, measurements of high flux X-ray sources to be undertaken. To demonstrate the technique a 1 mm thick pixelated cadmium telluride detector has been used to measure spectra of Compton side-scattered radiation from a Cobalt-60 laboratory source and a high flux, high peak brilliance X-ray source of betatron radiation from a laser-plasma wakefield accelerator.
Virasoro algebra from harmonic superspace
Saidi, E.H.; Zakkari, M. (International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste (Italy))
1992-07-15
Using harmonic superspace techniques we construct a new field realization of the Virasoro algebra. The main conformal objects are U(1) Cartan tensors instead of the U(1) Lorentz ones. The new conformal model, which admits moreover a {ital d}=2 (4,0) global supersymmetry, is constructed out of the infinitely relaxed Howe-Stelle-Townsend and Fayet-Sohnius hypermultiplets. The conformal current {ital T}{sup 4+} together with the harmonic superspace operator product expansion rules are given. The Virasoro algebra and the harmonic superspace Schwarzian derivative {ital S}{sup 4+} are also derived.
A Dynamic Voltage Scaling Controller for Maximum Energy Saving Across Full Range of Load Conditions
Ng, Wai Tung
to an explosive increase in both power density and total power consumption in modem VLSI circuits. In order or low power mode, energy saving from dynamic voltage scaling (DVS) is limited due to very poor efficiency of the PWM DC/DC converter operating at light load conditions, resulting in shorter than expected
High-order harmonic generation in a capillary discharge
Rocca, Jorge J.; Kapteyn, Henry C.; Mumane, Margaret M.; Gaudiosi, David; Grisham, Michael E.; Popmintchev, Tenio V.; Reagan, Brendan A.
2010-06-01
A pre-ionized medium created by a capillary discharge results in more efficient use of laser energy in high-order harmonic generation (HHG) from ions. It extends the cutoff photon energy, and reduces the distortion of the laser pulse as it propagates down the waveguide. The observed enhancements result from a combination of reduced ionization energy loss and reduced ionization-induced defocusing of the driving laser as well as waveguiding of the driving laser pulse. The discharge plasma also provides a means to spectrally tune the harmonics by tailoring the initial level of ionization of the medium.
Long-Range Electric Vehicle Batteries: High Energy Density Lithium Batteries
2010-01-01
Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: In a battery, metal ions move between the electrodes through the electrolyte in order to store energy. Envia Systems is developing new silicon-based negative electrode materials for Li-Ion batteries. Using this technology, Envia will be able to produce commercial EV batteries that outperform today’s technology by 2-3 times. Many other programs have attempted to make anode materials based on silicon, but have not been able to produce materials that can withstand charge/discharge cycles multiple times. Envia has been able to make this material which can successfully cycle hundreds of times, on a scale that is economically viable. Today, Envia’s batteries exhibit world-record energy densities.
Refraction Survey At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy
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Heat flow in the northern Basin and Range province | Open Energy
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Remainder estimates for the Long Range Behavior of the van der Waals interaction energy
Ioannis Anapolitanos
2014-10-21
The van der Waals-London's law, for a collection of atoms at large separation, states that their interaction energy is pairwise attractive and decays proportionally to one over their distance to the sixth. The first rigorous result in this direction was obtained by Lieb and Thirring [LT], by proving an upper bound which confirms this law. Recently the van der Waals-London's law was proven under some assumptions by I.M. Sigal and the author [AS]. Following the strategy of [AS] and reworking the approach appropriately, we prove estimates on the remainder of the interaction energy. Furthermore, using an appropriate test function, we prove an upper bound for the interaction energy, which is sharp to leading order. For the upper bound, our assumptions are weaker, the remainder estimates stronger and the proof is simpler. The upper bound, for the cases it applies, improves considerably the upper bound of Lieb and Thirring. However, their bound is much more general. Here we consider only spinless Fermions.
HARMONIC TWOSPHERES IN COMPACT SYMMETRIC SPACES, REVISITED
Bath, University of
HARMONIC TWOÂSPHERES IN COMPACT SYMMETRIC SPACES, REVISITED F. E. Burstall and M. A. Guest Introduction The purpose of this article is to give a new description of harmonic maps from the twoÂsphere S 2 of such harmonic maps occur when G=K = S n or CP n . In 1967, E. Calabi gave a construction of all harmonic maps
Harmonic Broadcasting Is Optimal Lars Engebretsen
Sudan, Madhu
Harmonic Broadcasting Is Optimal Lars Engebretsen Madhu Sudan Abstract Harmonic broadcasting-on-demand broadcasting. In this paper, we note that harmonic broadcasting is actually a special case of the priority argument--that it is impossible to achieve the design goals of harmonic broadcasting using a shorter
High Harmonic Generation Physics 208A Presentation
Budker, Dmitry
High Harmonic Generation Physics 208A Presentation October 11, 2004 Tom Allison UC Berkeley #12 to Fourier components of the polarization at harmonics of the laser frequency, creating radiation at harmonics of the laser frequency. #12;· First demonstration of second harmonic generation by P.A. Franken et
Change of primary cosmic radiation nuclear composition in the energy range 10^{15} - 10^{17} eV
T. T. Barnaveli; T. T. Barnaveli; A. P. Chubenko; N. A. Eristavi; I. V. Khaldeeva; N. M. Nesterova; Yu. G. Verbetsky
2002-08-14
The dependence E_h (N_e) of Extensive Air Shower (EAS) hadronic component energy flux on the number N_e of particles in EAS is investigated in the primary energy range of the order of 10^{15} - 10^{17} eV. The work was aimed at checking the existence of irregularities of E_h (N_e)/N_e behavior at these energies in several independent experiments. The investigation is carried out using large statistical material obtained at different configurations of experimental apparatus and under different triggering conditions. The existence of irregularities of E_h (N_e)/N_e behavior in the region Ne > 2*10^6 is confirmed. These irregularities have the character of sharp deeps and are located near the same values of N_e regardless of the experimental material and selection conditions used. So, at recent stage of research the existence of these irregularities of E_h (N_e)/N_e behavior in the range of N_e > 2*10^6 may be regarded as reliably established. This fact supports our earlier conclusion on the existence of primary cosmic radiation (PCR) nuclei spectra cutoff effect in the primary energy region 10^{15} - 10^{17} eV.
Harmonic oscillator in a background magnetic field in noncommutative quantum phase-space
Joseph Ben Geloun; Sunandan Gangopadhyay; Frederik G Scholtz
2009-01-22
We solve explicitly the two-dimensional harmonic oscillator and the harmonic oscillator in a background magnetic field in noncommutative phase-space without making use of any type of representation. A key observation that we make is that for a specific choice of the noncommutative parameters, the time reversal symmetry of the systems get restored since the energy spectrum becomes degenerate. This is in contrast to the noncommutative configuration space where the time reversal symmetry of the harmonic oscillator is always broken.
Dark-matter harmonics beyond annual modulation
Lee, Samuel K.; Lisanti, Mariangela; Safdi, Benjamin R. E-mail: mlisanti@princeton.edu
2013-11-01
The count rate at dark-matter direct-detection experiments should modulate annually due to the motion of the Earth around the Sun. We show that higher-frequency modulations, including daily modulation, are also present and in some cases are nearly as strong as the annual modulation. These higher-order modes are particularly relevant if (i) the dark matter is light, O(10) GeV, (ii) the scattering is inelastic, or (iii) velocity substructure is present; for these cases, the higher-frequency modes are potentially observable at current and ton-scale detectors. We derive simple expressions for the harmonic modes as functions of the astrophysical and geophysical parameters describing the Earth's orbit, using an updated expression for the Earth's velocity that corrects a common error in the literature. For an isotropic halo velocity distribution, certain ratios of the modes are approximately constant as a function of nuclear recoil energy. Anisotropic distributions can also leave observable features in the harmonic spectrum. Consequently, the higher-order harmonic modes are a powerful tool for identifying a potential signal from interactions with the Galactic dark-matter halo.
On The Harmonic Oscillator Group
Raquel M. Lopez; Sergei K. Suslov; Jose M. Vega-Guzman
2011-12-04
We discuss the maximum kinematical invariance group of the quantum harmonic oscillator from a view point of the Ermakov-type system. A six parameter family of the square integrable oscillator wave functions, which seems cannot be obtained by the standard separation of variables, is presented as an example. The invariance group of generalized driven harmonic oscillator is shown to be isomorphic to the corresponding Schroedinger group of the free particle.
Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation
Stupakov, Gennady; /SLAC
2012-06-28
A recently proposed concept of the Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation (EEHG) FEL uses two laser modulators in combination with two dispersion sections to generate a high-harmonic density modulation in a relativistic beam. This seeding technique holds promise of a one-stage soft x-ray FEL that radiates not only transversely but also longitudinally coherent pulses. Currently, an experimental verification of the concept is being conducted at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory aimed at the demonstration of the EEHG.
Signals of Deconfinement Phase Transition and Possible Energy Range of Its Detection
K. A. Bugaev
2015-01-24
Here we thoroughly discuss the present status of the deconfinement phase transition signals outlined in the NICA White Paper 10.01. It is argued that none of the signals outlined in the NICA White Paper is prepared for experimental verification. At the same time we discuss the new irregularities and new signals of the deconfinement transition found recently within the realistic version of the hadron resonance gas model. All new findings evidence that the mixed quark-gluon-hadron phase can be reached at the center of mass energy of collision 4.3-4.9 GeV.
Geodetic Survey At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy
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Tin City Long Range Radar Station Wind Farm | Open Energy Information
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Magnetotellurics At Nw Basin & Range Region (Pritchett, 2004) | Open Energy
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Property:Current Velocity Range(m/s) | Open Energy Information
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Sandia Energy - Northrop-Grumman, GE Partnerships Tap a Wide Range of
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)Geothermal Energy &WaterNew CREW Database ReceivesNewNewsSandia Labs
The 106Cd(alpha,alpha)106Cd elastic scattering in a wide energy range for gamma-process studies
A. Ornelas; G. G. Kiss; P. Mohr; D. Galaviz; Zs. Fülöp; Gy. Gyürky; Z. Máté; T. Rauscher; E. Somorjai; K. Sonnabend; A. Zilges
2015-04-29
Alpha elastic scattering angular distributions of the 106Cd(alpha,alpha)106Cd reaction were measured at three energies around the Coulomb barrier to provide a sensitive test for the alpha + nucleus optical potential parameter sets. Furthermore, the new high precision angular distributions, together with the data available from the literature were used to study the energy dependence of the locally optimized {\\alpha}+nucleus optical potential in a wide energy region ranging from E_Lab = 27.0 MeV down to 16.1 MeV. The potentials under study are a basic prerequisite for the prediction of alpha-induced reaction cross sections and thus, for the calculation of stellar reaction rates used for the astrophysical gamma process. Therefore, statistical model predictions using as input the optical potentials discussed in the present work are compared to the available 106Cd + alpha cross section data.
T. Mizumoto; R. Ohta; T. Horie; J. Suzuki; Y. Inoue; M. Minowa
2013-06-18
We have searched for solar hidden photons in the eV energy range using a dedicated hidden photon detector. The detector consisted of a parabolic mirror with a diameter of 500mm and a focal length of 1007mm installed in a vacuum chamber, and a photomultiplier tube at its focal point. The detector was attached to the Tokyo axion helioscope, Sumico which has a mechanism to track the sun. From the result of the measurement, we found no evidence for the existence of hidden photons and set a limit on the photon-hidden photon mixing parameter \\chi depending on the hidden photon mass m_{\\gamma '}.
Mizumoto, T. [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-Oiwakecho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Ohta, R.; Horie, T.; Suzuki, J.; Minowa, M. [Department of Physics, School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Inoue, Y., E-mail: mizumoto@cr.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp, E-mail: comic@icepp.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp, E-mail: horiemon@icepp.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp, E-mail: jsuzuki@icepp.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp, E-mail: berota@icepp.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp, E-mail: minowa@phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp [International Center for Elementary Particle Physics, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)
2013-07-01
We have searched for solar hidden photons in the eV energy range using a dedicated hidden photon detector. The detector consisted of a parabolic mirror with a diameter of 500 mm and a focal length of 1007 mm installed in a vacuum chamber, and a photomultiplier tube at its focal point. The detector was attached to the Tokyo axion helioscope, Sumico which has a mechanism to track the sun. From the result of the measurement, we found no evidence for the existence of hidden photons and set a limit on the photon-hidden photon mixing parameter ? depending on the hidden photon mass m{sub ?'}.
Evelo, Stacie; Miller, Mark L.
2015-05-01
This National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) Annual Report has been prepared in a format to comply with the reporting requirements of 40 CFR 61.94 and the April 5, 1995 Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) between the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). According to the EPA approved NESHAP Monitoring Plan for the Tonopah Test Range (TTR), 40 CFR 61, subpart H, and the MOA, no additional monitoring or measurements are required at TTR in order to demonstrate compliance with the NESHAP regulation.
Two dipolar atoms in a harmonic trap
O?dziejewski, Rafa?; Rz??ewski, Kazimierz
2015-01-01
Two identical dipolar atoms moving in a harmonic trap without an external magnetic field are investigated. Using the algebra of angular momentum a semi - analytical solutions are found. We show that the internal spin - spin interactions between the atoms couple to the orbital angular momentum causing an analogue of Einstein - de Haas effect. We show a possibility of adiabatically pumping our system from the s-wave to the d-wave relative motion. The effective spin-orbit coupling occurs at anti-crossings of the energy levels.
I. Braun; J. Engler; J. R. Hörandel; J. Milke
2008-10-27
Since 1993, a muon telescope located at Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Karlsruhe Muon Telescope) has been recording the flux of single muons mostly originating from primary cosmic-ray protons with dominant energies in the 10 - 20 GeV range. The data are used to investigate the influence of solar effects on the flux of cosmic-rays measured at Earth. Non-periodic events like Forbush decreases and ground level enhancements are detected in the registered muon flux. A selection of recent events will be presented and compared to data from the Jungfraujoch neutron monitor. The data of the Karlsruhe Muon Telescope help to extend the knowledge about Forbush decreases and ground level enhancements to energies beyond the neutron monitor regime.
Flow harmonics within an analytically solvable viscous hydrodynamic model
Yoshitaka Hatta; Jorge Noronha; Giorgio Torrieri; Bo-Wen Xiao
2014-10-01
Based on a viscous hydrodynamic model with anisotropically perturbed Gubser flow and isothermal Cooper-Frye freezeout at early times, we analytically compute the flow harmonics $v_n(p_T)$ and study how they scale with the harmonic number $n$ and transverse momentum, as well as the system size, shear and bulk viscosity coefficients, and collision energy. In particular, we find that the magnitude of shear viscous corrections grows linearly with $n$. The mixing between different harmonics is also discussed. While this model is rather simple as compared to realistic heavy-ion collisions, we argue that the scaling results presented here may be meaningfully compared to experimental data collected over many energies, system sizes, and geometries.
Energy range of hadronic calorimeter towers and cells for high-pT jets at a 100 TeV collider
S. V. Chekanov; J. Dull
2015-12-28
This paper discusses a study of tower and cell energy ranges of a hadronic calorimeter for a 100 TeV pp collider. The dynamic energy ranges were estimated using Standard Model jets with transverse momenta above 20 TeV. The simulations were performed using the PYTHIA Monte Carlo model after a fast detector simulation tuned to the ATLAS hadronic calorimeter. We estimate the maximum energy range of towers and cells as a function of lateral cell sizes for several extreme cases of jet transverse energy.
Energy range of hadronic calorimeter towers and cells for high-pT jets at a 100 TeV collider
S. V. Chekanov; J. Dull
2015-11-04
This paper discusses a study of tower and cell energy ranges of a hadronic calorimeter for a 100 TeV pp collider. The dynamic energy ranges were estimated using Standard Model jets with transverse momenta above 20 TeV. The simulations were performed using the PYTHIA Monte Carlo model after a fast detector simulation tuned to the ATLAS hadronic calorimeter. We estimate the maximum energy range of towers and cells as a function of lateral cell sizes for several extreme cases of jet transverse energy.
Harmonic distortion correction in pipelined analog to digital converters
Panigada, Andrea
2009-01-01
Background Correction of Harmonic Distortion in PipelinedBackground Correction of Harmonic Distortion in PipelinedADC with 69dB SNDR Enabled by Digital Harmonic Distortion
Analysis of higher harmonic contamination with a modified approach using a grating analyser
Gupta, Rajkumar Modi, Mohammed H.; Lodha, G. S.; Kumar, M.; Chakera, J. A.
2014-04-15
Soft x-ray spectra of the toroidal grating monochromator (TGM) at the reflectivity beamline of Indus-1 synchrotron source are analyzed for higher harmonic contribution. A diffraction grating of central line spacing 1200 l/mm is used to disperse the monochromatic beam received from TGM to quantify the harmonic contents in the 50–360 Ĺ wavelength range. In order to calculate the harmonic contamination, conventionally the intensity of higher order peak is divided by first order peak intensity of the desired wavelength. This approach is found to give wrong estimate as first order peak itself is overlapped by higher order peaks. In the present study, a modified approach has been proposed to calculate harmonic contamination where the intensity contributions of overlapping orders have been removed from the first order diffraction peak of the desired wavelength. It is found that the order contamination in the TGM spectra is less than 15% in the wavelength range of 90–180 Ĺ. The total harmonic contribution increases from 6%–60% in the wavelength range of 150–260 Ĺ. The critical wavelength of Indus-1 is 61 Ĺ hence the harmonic contamination below 90 Ĺ is significantly low. The results obtained with modified approach match well with those obtained by quantitative analysis of multilayer reflectivity data. The obtained higher harmonics data are used to fit the transmission of aluminum edge filter in the 120–360 Ĺ wavelength range.
Blood-Forsythe, Martin A; DiStasio, Robert A; Car, Roberto; Aspuru-Guzik, Alán
2015-01-01
Accurate treatment of the long-range electron correlation energy, including van der Waals (vdW) or dispersion interactions, is essential for describing the structure, dynamics, and function of a wide variety of systems. Among the most accurate models for including dispersion into density functional theory (DFT) is the range-separated many-body dispersion (MBD) method [A. Ambrossetti et al., J. Chem. Phys. 140, 18A508 (2014)], in which the correlation energy is modeled at short-range by a semi-local density functional and at long-range by a model system of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators. In this work, we develop analytical gradients of the MBD energy with respect to nuclear coordinates, including all implicit coordinate dependencies arising from the partitioning of the charge density into Hirshfeld effective volumes. To demonstrate the efficiency and accuracy of these MBD gradients for geometry optimizations of systems with intermolecular and intramolecular interactions, we optimized conformers of the be...
A computational introduction to quantum statistics using harmonically trapped particles
Ligare, Martin
and multiplicities. The examples illustrate the effect of quantum statistics on the sharing of energy between weaklyA computational introduction to quantum statistics using harmonically trapped particles Martin the statistical definition of entropy and the second law of thermodynamics [Am. J. Phys. 65, 26 (1997)]. I
-okfl ^ ORNL/CON-172 Linear Harmonic Analysis of Free-
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Stirling Engines N. C. J. Chen F. P. Griffin OPERATED BY MARTIN MARIETTA ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC. #12;ORNL/CON-172 Engineering Technology Division* LINEAR HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF FREE-PISTON STIRLING/dynamic problem that is associated with a free-piston Stirling engine (FPSE). The governing equations
Thermal Conductivity for a Noisy Disordered Harmonic Chain
Cedric Bernardin
2008-08-05
We consider a $d$-dimensional disordered harmonic chain (DHC) perturbed by an energy conservative noise. We obtain uniform in the volume upper and lower bounds for the thermal conductivity defined through the Green-Kubo formula. These bounds indicate a positive finite conductivity. We prove also that the infinite volume homogenized Green-Kubo formula converges.
On the harmonic oscillator properties in a twisted Moyal plane
Ezinvi Baloitcha; Mahouton Norbert Hounkonnou; Dine Ousmane Samary
2012-03-25
This work prolongs, using an operator method, the investigations started in our recent paper J. Math. Phys. 51., 102108 on the spectrum and states of the harmonic oscillator on twisted Moyal plane, where rather a Moyal-star-algebraic approach was used. The physical spectrum and states of the harmonic oscillator on twisted Moyal space, obtained here by solving the corresponding differential equation, are similar to those of the ordinary Moyal space, with different parameters. This fortunately contrasts with the previous study which produced unexpected results, i.e. infinitely degenerate states with energies depending on the coordinate functions.
Harmonic Morphisms from Homogeneous Spaces -Some Existence Theory -
Gudmundsson, Sigmundur
Harmonic Morphisms from Homogeneous Spaces - Some Existence Theory - Sigmundur Gudmundsson 2014 #12;Harmonic Morphisms Eigenfamilies - Constructions Orthogonal Harmonic Families - Constructions Low-Dimensional Classifications References Outline 1 Harmonic Morphisms Basics Geometric Motivation
Harmonic oscillators in a Snyder geometry
P. Valtancoli
2013-06-01
We find that, in presence of the Snyder geometry, the quantization of d isotropic harmonic oscillators can be solved exactly.
Jia, Zhongxiao
A Refined Harmonic Rayleigh--Ritz Procedure and an Explicitly Restarted Refined Harmonic Arnoldi Algorithm # Guizhi Chen + Zhongxiao Jia # Abstract The work is fourfold. First, a refined harmonic Rayleigh--Ritz procedure is proposed, some relationships are established between the refined harmonic Ritz vector
Poisson harmonic forms, Kostant harmonic forms, and the S 1 equivariant cohomology of K/T
Evens, Sam
Poisson harmonic forms, Kostant harmonic forms, and the S 1 Âequivariant cohomology of K/T Sam Abstract We characterize the harmonic forms on a flag manifold K/T defined by Kostant in 1963 in terms of a Poisson structure. Namely, they are ``Poisson harmonic'' with respect to the soÂcalled Bruhat Poisson
Reduced Harmonic Representation of Partitions
Michalis Psimopoulos
2011-03-08
In the present article the reduced integral representation of partitions in terms of harmonic products has been derived first by using hypergeometry and the new concept of fractional sum and secondly by studying the Fourier series of the kernel function appearing in the integral representation. Using the method of induction, a generalization of the theory has also been obtained.
Primary proton spectrum in the energy range $5-10^3$ TeV from the sea level muon spectrum
A. A. Lagutin; A. G. Tyumentsev; A. V. Yushkov
2005-07-07
Primary proton spectrum in the energy range $5-10^3$ TeV is reconstructed from the sea level muon spectrum with the use of QGSJET01 and SYBILL2.1 interaction models. Heavier nuclei are taken in accordance with the direct measurements data, 100% uncertainty in helium flux is accounted for. The obtained proton intensity strongly contradicts to the available data of balloon experiments, exceeding them at the least by 100% for QGSJET01. This discrepancy is due to the combined effect of primary nucleon flux underestimation in the direct measurements and incorrect description of extensive air shower development. In the latter case it is required earlier shower development and harder spectra of secondary pions and kaons in comparison with QGSJET01. This conclusion is in agreement with the obtained by the KASCADE group on the basis of events rate study.
High Harmonic Generation Basic Techniques & Challenges
Budker, Dmitry
High Harmonic Generation Basic Techniques & Challenges C. Michael R. Greaves #12;Regimes-cycle laser fields #12;Outline · Optical Field Atomic Ionization · High Harmonic Generation (HHG-rays · References #12;Optical Field Atomic Ionization · Harmonics are generated by the tunneling, transport
HARMONIC AND SUPERHARMONIC MAJORANTS ON THE DISK
Thomas, Pascal J.
HARMONIC AND SUPERHARMONIC MAJORANTS ON THE DISK function on the unit disk admits * *a harmonic majorant if and only if a certain explicit upper D denote the open unit disk in the complex plane, and H+ (D) the cone of positive harmonic
VOLUMETRIC HARMONIC BRAIN MAPPING Yalin Wang1
VOLUMETRIC HARMONIC BRAIN MAPPING Yalin Wang1 , Xianfeng Gu2 , Tony F. Chan1 , Paul M. Thompson3. The first one is to find a harmonic map from a 3 manifold to a 3D solid sphere and the second is a sphere- gest that 3D harmonic mapping of brain volumes to a solid sphere can provide a canonical coordinate
Harmonic oscillator: an analysis via Fourier series
A. S. de Castro
2013-09-30
The Fourier series method is used to solve the homogeneous equation governing the motion of the harmonic oscillator. It is shown that the general solution to the problem can be found in a surprisingly simple way for the case of the simple harmonic oscillator. It is also shown that the damped harmonic oscillator is susceptible to the analysis.
Harmonic generation with temporally focused ultrashort pulses
Silberberg, Yaron
Harmonic generation with temporally focused ultrashort pulses Dan Oron and Yaron Silberberg of harmonic generation with temporally focused ultrashort pulses are explored both theoreti- cally and experimentally. Analyzing the phase-matching conditions for harmonic generation we find a corre- spondence
HARMONIC MORPHISMS, HERMITIAN STRUCTURES AND SYMMETRIC SPACES
Gudmundsson, Sigmundur
HARMONIC MORPHISMS, HERMITIAN STRUCTURES AND SYMMETRIC SPACES In this text we refer to the following papers by capital letters as indicated. [A] M. Svensson, On holomorphic harmonic morphisms, Manuscripta Math. 107 (2002), 1Â13. [B] M. Svensson, Harmonic morphisms from even-dimensional hyper- bolic
HARMONIC MAPS AND INTEGRABLE SYSTEMS EMMA CARBERRY
Sydney, University of
HARMONIC MAPS AND INTEGRABLE SYSTEMS EMMA CARBERRY Abstract. This article has two purposes. The first is to give an ex- pository account of the integrable systems approach to harmonic maps from surfaces to Lie groups and symmetric spaces, focusing on spectral curves for harmonic 2-tori. The most
Simple Harmonic Motion and Newton's 3rd
Yu, Jaehoon
Simple Harmonic Motion and Newton's 3rd Law Theory Simple Harmonic Motion is not as simpleperiod where m is the mass of the object in kilograms and k is the spring constant. Newton's 3rd Law Newton's 3rd Law using two Force sensors. Procedure: Simple Harmonic Motion Getting the data 1. Open
spherical harmonics for l < 20
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Michael, J. Robert [Middle Tennessee State University; Volkov, Anatoliy [Middle Tennessee State University
2015-01-23
The widely used pseudoatom formalism [Stewart (1976). Acta Cryst. A32, 565–574; Hansen & Coppens (1978). Acta Cryst. A34, 909–921] in experimental X-ray charge-density studies makes use of real spherical harmonics when describing the angular component of aspherical deformations of the atomic electron density in molecules and crystals. The analytical form of the densitynormalized Cartesian spherical harmonic functions for up to l 7 and the corresponding normalization coefficients were reported previously by Paturle & Coppens [Acta Cryst. (1988), A44, 6–7]. It was shown that the analytical form for normalization coefficients is available primarily for l 4 [Hansen & Coppens, 1978; Paturle & Coppens, 1988; Coppens (1992). International Tables for Crystallography, Vol. B, Reciprocal space, 1st ed., edited by U. Shmueli, ch. 1.2. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers; Coppens (1997). X-ray Charge Densities and Chemical Bonding. New York: Oxford University Press]. Only in very special cases it is possible to derive an analytical representation of the normalization coefficients for 4 4 the density normalization coefficients were calculated numerically to within seven significant figures. In this study we review the literature on the density-normalized spherical harmonics, clarify the existing notations, use the Paturle–Coppens (Paturle & Coppens, 1988) method in the Wolfram Mathematica software to derive the Cartesian spherical harmonics for l 20 and determine the density normalization coefficients to 35 significant figures, and computer-generate a Fortran90 code. The article primarily targets researchers who work in the field of experimental X-ray electron density, but may be of some use to all who are interested in Cartesian spherical harmonics.
Judkoff, R.; Polly, B.; Bianchi, M.; Neymark, J.; Kennedy, M.
2011-08-01
This publication summarizes building energy simulation test for existing homes (BESTEST-EX): instructions for implementing the test procedure, calibration tests reference results, and example acceptance-range criteria.
Second harmonic generation in the moving media
Ghalandari, Mahboubeh
2015-01-01
Because of the importance of second harmonic generation in some nonlinear media, in this paper, we investigated induced second harmonic generation in diamond where there is no intrinsic second order susceptibility, X(2). The electric field is proposed to introduce moving susceptibility of the second order and induce second harmonic generation. Then, spatiotemporal (QPM) is applied to optimize the induced second harmonic generation. Numerical results reveals that in this way, the induced second harmonic is found at the frequency of omega (2) = 2 omega(0) + or - Delta omega rather than omega (0).
Many interacting fermions in a one-dimensional harmonic trap: a quantum-chemical treatment
Tomasz Grining; Micha? Tomza; Micha? Lesiuk; Micha? Przybytek; Monika Musia?; Pietro Massignan; Maciej Lewenstein; Robert Moszynski
2015-08-16
We employ ab initio methods of quantum chemistry to investigate spin-1/2 fermions interacting via a two-body contact potential in a one-dimensional harmonic trap. The convergence of the total energy with the size of the one-particle basis set is analytically investigated for the two-body problem and the same form of the convergence formula is numerically confirmed to be valid for the many-body case. Benchmark calculations for two to six fermions with the full configuration interaction method, equivalent to the exact diagonalization approach, and the coupled cluster method including single, double, triple, and quadruple excitations are presented. The convergence of the correlation energy with the level of excitations included in the coupled cluster model is analyzed. The range of the interaction strength for which single-reference coupled cluster methods work is examined. Next, the coupled cluster method restricted to single, double, and noniterative triple excitations, CCSD(T), is employed to study a two-component Fermi gas composed of 6 to 80 atoms in a one-dimensional harmonic trap. The density profiles of trapped atomic clouds are also reported. Finally, a comparison with experimental results for few-fermion systems is presented. Upcoming possible applications and extensions of the presented approach are discussed.
Heath, G.
2012-06-01
This powerpoint presentation to be presented at the World Renewable Energy Forum on May 14, 2012, in Denver, CO, discusses systematic review and harmonization of life cycle GHG emission estimates for electricity generation technologies.
Harmonizing Technological Innovation and End-of-Life Strategy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancing ProgramsDepartment of EnergyEnergy Harmonization
Hyperspherical harmonic formalism for tetraquarks
J. Vijande; N. Barnea; A. Valcarce
2006-10-11
We present a generalization of the hyperspherical harmonic formalism to study systems made of quarks and antiquarks of the same flavor. This generalization is based on the symmetrization of the $N-$body wave function with respect to the symmetric group using the Barnea and Novoselsky algorithm. Our analysis shows that four-quark systems with non-exotic $2^{++}$ quantum numbers may be bound independently of the quark mass. $0^{+-}$ and $1^{+-}$ states become attractive only for larger quarks masses.
arXiv:hepex/0306028 Coherent pair production by photons in the 20-170 GeV energy range incident on
arXiv:hepÂex/0306028 v2 24 Jun 2004 Coherent pair production by photons in the 20-170 GeV energy: June 24, 2004) The cross section for coherent pair production by linearly polarised photons in the 20-170 GeV energy range was measured for photon aligned incidence on ultra-high quality diamond and germa
Kramer, Donald L.
-Ranging Eastern Chipmunks Murray M. Humphries1,2, * Donald L. Kramer1 Donald W. Thomas2 1 Department of Biology temper- ature has permitted endotherms to occupy a wide range of thermal niches (Bennett 1991; Davenport
An overview on incomplete fusion reaction dynamics at energy range ? 3-8 MeV/A
Ali, Rahbar; Singh, D.; Ansari, M. Afzal; Kumar, Rakesh; Muralithar, S.; Golda, K. S.; Singh, R. P.; Bhowmik, R. K.; Rashid, M. H.; Guin, R.; Das, S. K.
2014-08-14
The information of ICF reaction has been obtained from the measurement of excitation function (EF) of ERs populated in the interaction of {sup 20}Ne and {sup 16}O on {sup 55}Mn, {sup 159}Tb and {sup 156}Gd targets. Sizable enhancement in the measured cross-sections has been observed in ?-emitting channels over theoretical predictions, which has been attributed to ICF of the projectile. In order to confirm the findings of the measurements and analysis of EFs, the forward recoil range distributions of ERs populated in {sup 20}Ne+{sup 159}Tb (E ?165MeV) and {sup 16}O+{sup 156}Gd (E ? 72, 82 and 93MeV) systems, have been measured. It has been observed that peaks appearing at different cumulative thicknesses in the stopping medium are related with different degree of linear momentum transfer from projectile to target nucleus by adopting the break-up fusion model consideration. In order to deduce the angular momentum involved in various CF and / or ICF reaction products, spin distribution and side-feeding intensity profiles of radio-nuclides populated via CF and ICF channels in {sup 16}O+{sup 160}Gd system at energy, E ? 5.6 MeV/A, have been studied. Spin distribution of ICF products are found to be distinctly different than that observed from CF products.
Relativistic harmonic oscillator model for quark stars
Vishnu M. Bannur
2008-10-06
The relativistic harmonic oscillator (RHO) model of hadrons is used to study quark stars. The mass-radius relationship is obtained and compared with bag model of quark star, using Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equation. In this model, the outward degenerate pressure due to discrete Landau levels and Landau degeneracy balances the inward gravitational pressure. Where as in bag model the degenerate pressure is due to the standard continuum levels which balances the combined inward pressure due to gravitation and bag pressure. So in RHO model, the confinement effect is included in the degenerate pressure. We found a qualitative similarity, but quantitative differences in mass-radius relationship of quark stars in these two models. Masses and radii are relatively larger and the central energy densities, required for stable quark stars, are lower in RHO model than that of bag model.
High harmonic generation from periodic potentials driven by few-cycle laser pulses
Guan, Zhong; Bian, Xue-Bin
2015-01-01
We investigate the high harmonic generation (HHG) from solids by simulating the dynamics of a single active electron in periodic potentials. The corresponding time-dependent Schr\\"odinger equations (TDSE) are solved numerically by using B-spline basis sets in coordinate space. The energy band structure and wave vectors can be directly retrived from the eigenfunctions. The harmonic spectra obtained agree well with the results simulated by TDSE in $k$ space using Bloch states and show a two-plateau structure. Both of the cutoff energies of the two plateaus in the harmonic spectrum scale linearly with the field strength. We also study HHG driven by intense few-cycle laser pulses and find that the cutoff energy of the harmonic spectrum is as sensitive to the changes of the carrier envelope phase, as to HHG from gas samples, which suggests recollision pictures in HHG as found by recent experiments (Nature {\\bf 522}, 462 (2015)).
Felkner, L. J.; Waggoner, R. M.
1993-01-01
The control of harmonics in power systems continues to be a major concern in the telecommunications industry. AC/DC telecommunication conversion equipment has rarely been thought of as playing a major role in the harmonic interaction problem. Yet...
Harmonic Cheeger-Simons characters with applications
Richard Green; Varghese Mathai
2009-02-13
We initiate the study of harmonic Cheeger-Simons characters, with applications to smooth versions of the Geometric Langlands program in the abelian case.
Modulation compression for short wavelength harmonic generation
Qiang, J.
2010-01-01
Wavelength Harmonic Generation Ji Qiang Lawrence Berkeleyform a basis for fourth generation light source. Currently,e?ciency was proposed for generation of short wavelength
On harmonic measures and group actions Alberto Candel
Candel, Alberto
On harmonic measures and group actions Alberto Candel CSUN I Congreso Hispano-FrancÂ´es de MatemÂ´aticas Zaragoza, 13 Julio del 2007 #12;Harmonic measures Harmonic measures for foliated spaces were introduced in foliation theory by Lucy Garnett. #12;Harmonic measures Harmonic measures for foliated spaces were
Two Cold Atoms in a Time-Dependent Harmonic Trap in One Dimension
Ebert, M; Hammer, H -W
2016-01-01
We analyze the dynamics of two atoms with a short-ranged pair interaction in a one-dimensional harmonic trap with time-dependent frequency. Our analysis is focused on two representative cases: (i) a sudden change of the trapping frequency from one value to another, and (ii) a periodic trapping frequency. In case (i), the dynamics of the interacting and the corresponding non-interacting systems turn out to be similar. In the second case, however, the interacting system can behave quite differently, especially close to parametric resonance. For instance, in the regions where such resonance occurs we find that the interaction can significantly reduce the rate of energy increase. The implications for applications of our findings to cool or heat the system are also dicussed.
Tolbert, Leon M.
or in parallel an ac grid with distributed energy resources such as photovoltaics (solar cells), fuel cells to Solving the Harmonic Elimination Equations in Multilevel Converters John N. Chiasson, Senior Member, IEEE exist. A unified ap- proach is presented to solve the harmonic elimination equations for all
Generation of Ultra-intense Gamma-ray Train by QED Harmonics
Liu, Chen; Zhang, Xiaomei; Ji, Liangliang; Wang, Wenpeng; Xu, Jiancai; Zhao, Xueyan; Yi, Longqing; Shi, Yin; Zhang, Lingang; Xu, Tongjun; Pei, Zhikun; Xu, Zhizhan
2015-01-01
When laser intensity exceeds 10^22W/cm^2, photons with energy above MeV can be generated from high-order harmonics process in the laser-plasma interaction. We find that under such laser intensity, QED effect plays a dominating role in the radiation pattern. Contrast to the gas and relativistic HHG processes, both the occurrence and energy of gamma-ray emission produced by QED harmonics are random and QED harmonics are usually not coherent, while the property of high intensity and ultra-short duration is conserved. Our simulation shows that the period of gamma-ray train is half of the laser period and the peak intensity is 1.4e22W/cm^2. This new harmonic production with QED effects are crucial to light-matter interaction in strong field and can be verified in experiments by 10PW laser facilities in the near future.
Using Coupled Harmonic Oscillators to Model Some Greenhouse Gas Molecules
Go, Clark Kendrick C.; Maquiling, Joel T.
2010-07-28
Common greenhouse gas molecules SF{sub 6}, NO{sub 2}, CH{sub 4}, and CO{sub 2} are modeled as harmonic oscillators whose potential and kinetic energies are derived. Using the Euler-Lagrange equation, their equations of motion are derived and their phase portraits are plotted. The authors use these data to attempt to explain the lifespan of these gases in the atmosphere.
Oncotripsy: Targeting cancer cells selectively via resonant harmonic excitation
Heyden, Stefanie
2015-01-01
We investigate a method of selectively targeting cancer cells by means of ultrasound harmonic excitation at their resonance frequency, which we refer to as oncotripsy. The geometric model of the cells takes into account the cytoplasm, nucleus and nucleolus, as well as the plasma membrane and nuclear envelope. Material properties are varied within a pathophysiologically-relevant range. A first modal analysis reveals the existence of a spectral gap between the natural frequencies and, most importantly, resonant growth rates of healthy and cancerous cells. The results of the modal analysis are verified by simulating the fully-nonlinear transient response of healthy and cancerous cells at resonance. The fully nonlinear analysis confirms that cancerous cells can be selectively taken to lysis by the application of carefully tuned ultrasound harmonic excitation while simultaneously leaving healthy cells intact.
:,; Bernardini, P; Bi, X J; Cao, Z; Catalanotti, S; Chen, S Z; Chen, T L; Cui, S W; Dai, B Z; D'Amone, A; Danzengluobu,; De Mitri, I; Piazzoli, B D'Ettorre; Di Girolamo, T; Di Sciascio, G; Feng, C F; Feng, Zhaoyang; Feng, Zhenyong; Gou, Q B; Guo, Y Q; He, H H; Hu, Haibing; Hu, Hongbo; Iacovacci, M; Iuppa, R; Jia, H Y; Labaciren,; Li, H J; Liu, C; Liu, J; Liu, M Y; Lu, H; Ma, L L; Ma, X H; Mancarella, G; Mari, S M; Marsella, G; Mastroianni, S; Montini, P; Ning, C C; Perrone, L; Pistilli, P; Salvini, P; Santonico, R; Settanta, G; Shen, P R; Sheng, X D; Shi, F; Surdo, A; Tan, Y H; Vallania, P; Vernetto, S; Vigorito, C; Wang, H; Wu, C Y; Wu, H R; Xue, L; Yang, Q Y; Yang, X C; Yao, Z G; Yuan, A F; Zha, M; Zhang, H M; Zhang, L; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Y; Zhao, J; Zhaxiciren,; Zhaxisangzhu,; Zhou, X X; Zhu, F R; Zhu, Q Q
2015-01-01
The ARGO-YBJ experiment is a full-coverage air shower detector located at the Yangbajing Cosmic Ray Observatory (Tibet, People's Republic of China, 4300 m a.s.l.). The high altitude, combined with the full-coverage technique, allows the detection of extensive air showers in a wide energy range and offer the possibility of measuring the cosmic ray proton plus helium spectrum down to the TeV region, where direct balloon/space-borne measurements are available. The detector has been in stable data taking in its full configuration from November 2007 to February 2013. In this paper the measurement of the cosmic ray proton plus helium energy spectrum is presented in the region 3-300 TeV by analyzing the full collected data sample. The resulting spectral index is $\\gamma = -2.64 \\pm 0.01$. These results demonstrate the possibility of performing an accurate measurement of the spectrum of light elements with a ground based air shower detector.
The ARGO-YBJ Collaboration; :; B. Bartoli; P. Bernardini; X. J. Bi; Z. Cao; S. Catalanotti; S. Z. Chen; T. L. Chen; S. W. Cui; B. Z. Dai; A. D'Amone; Danzengluobu; I. De Mitri; B. D'Ettorre Piazzoli; T. Di Girolamo; G. Di Sciascio; C. F. Feng; Zhaoyang Feng; Zhenyong Feng; Q. B. Gou; Y. Q. Guo; H. H. He; Haibing Hu; Hongbo Hu; M. Iacovacci; R. Iuppa; H. Y. Jia; Labaciren; H. J. Li; C. Liu; J. Liu; M. Y. Liu; H. Lu; L. L. Ma; X. H. Ma; G. Mancarella; S. M. Mari; G. Marsella; S. Mastroianni; P. Montini; C. C. Ning; L. Perrone; P. Pistilli; P. Salvini; R. Santonico; G. Settanta; P. R. Shen; X. D. Sheng; F. Shi; A. Surdo; Y. H. Tan; P. Vallania; S. Vernetto; C. Vigorito; H. Wang; C. Y. Wu; H. R. Wu; L. Xue; Q. Y. Yang; X. C. Yang; Z. G. Yao; A. F. Yuan; M. Zha; H. M. Zhang; L. Zhang; X. Y. Zhang; Y. Zhang; J. Zhao; Zhaxiciren; Zhaxisangzhu; X. X. Zhou; F. R. Zhu; Q. Q. Zhu
2015-03-24
The ARGO-YBJ experiment is a full-coverage air shower detector located at the Yangbajing Cosmic Ray Observatory (Tibet, People's Republic of China, 4300 m a.s.l.). The high altitude, combined with the full-coverage technique, allows the detection of extensive air showers in a wide energy range and offer the possibility of measuring the cosmic ray proton plus helium spectrum down to the TeV region, where direct balloon/space-borne measurements are available. The detector has been in stable data taking in its full configuration from November 2007 to February 2013. In this paper the measurement of the cosmic ray proton plus helium energy spectrum is presented in the region 3-300 TeV by analyzing the full collected data sample. The resulting spectral index is $\\gamma = -2.64 \\pm 0.01$. These results demonstrate the possibility of performing an accurate measurement of the spectrum of light elements with a ground based air shower detector.
Single-shot fluctuations in waveguided high-harmonic generation
Goh, S J; van der Slot, P J M; Bastiaens, H J M; Herek, J; Biedron, S G; Danailov, M B; Milton, S V; Boller, K -J
2015-01-01
For exploring the application potential of coherent soft x-ray (SXR) and extreme ultraviolet radiation (XUV) provided by high-harmonic generation, it is important to characterize the central output parameters. Of specific importance are pulse-to-pulse (shot-to-shot) fluctuations of the high-harmonic output energy, fluctuations of the direction of the emission (pointing instabilities), and fluctuations of the beam divergence and shape that reduce the spatial coherence. We present the first single-shot measurements of waveguided high-harmonic generation in a waveguided (capillary-based) geometry. Using a capillary waveguide filled with Argon gas as the nonlinear medium, we provide the first characterization of shot-to-shot fluctuations of the pulse energy, of the divergence and of the beam pointing. We record the strength of these fluctuations vs. two basic input parameters, which are the drive laser pulse energy and the gas pressure in the capillary waveguide. In correlation measurements between single-shot dr...
Harmonic relationships influence auditory brainstem encoding of chords
Kraus, Nina
Harmonic relationships influence auditory brainstem encoding of chords Frederic Marmela, and particularly by sensitivity to harmonic relationships. As subcortical and cortical processing dynamically processing of musical sounds would be sensitive to harmonic relationships. We examined auditory brainstem
HARMONIC MAPPINGS BETWEEN RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLDS Anand Arvind Joshi
Leahy, Richard M.
HARMONIC MAPPINGS BETWEEN RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLDS by Anand Arvind Joshi A Thesis Presented ii Abstract iv 1 Harmonic Mappings 1 1.1 Space of Maps Variation Formula . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.4 Harmonic Maps
A Formal model to aid documenting and harmonizing of information
Zheng, Yuliang
A Formal model to aid documenting and harmonizing of information security requirements Jussipekka Information security development, harmonization of information security, organizational modeling 1 INTRODUCTION A formal top down model to harmonize and document information security requirements shall
Current Generated Harmonics and Their Effect Upon Electrical Industrial Systems
Alexander, H. R.; Rogge, D. S.
1995-01-01
This paper provides a general overview of harmonics and addresses the causes of current generated harmonics in electrical systems. In addition, problems caused by current generated harmonics and their affects upon different ...
Harmonic cascade FEL designs for LUX
2004-01-01
1.3: a fully 3D time-dependent FEL sim- ulation code, Nucl.a XUV/soft X-ray harmonic-cascade FEL for the proposed LBNLLBNL-56329 Harmonic cascade FEL designs for LUX G. Penn, M.
VOLUMETRIC HARMONIC BRAIN MAPPING Yalin Wang1
Ferguson, Thomas S.
VOLUMETRIC HARMONIC BRAIN MAPPING Yalin Wang1 , Xianfeng Gu2 , Tony F. Chan1 , Paul M. Thompson3 general investigation of 3D volumetric brain har- monic mapping. The motivations for 3D volumetric brain volumetric harmonic map- ping algorithm. The algorithm can work with manifolds with genus zero and non genus
Background and Reflections on the Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Project
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Despite the ever-growing body of life cycle assessment literature on electricity generation technologies, inconsistent methods and assumptions hamper comparison across studies and pooling of published results. Synthesis of the body of previous research is necessary to generate robust results to assess and compare environmental performance of different energy technologies for the benefit of policy makers, managers, investors, and citizens. With funding from the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory initiated the LCA Harmonization Project in an effort to rigorously leverage the numerous individual studies to develop collective insights.
Detection of Gamma-Ray Bursts in the 1 GeV - 1 TeV energy range by ground based experiments
Silvia Vernetto
1999-09-29
Ground based extensive air showers arrays can observe GRBs in the 1-1000 GeV energy range using the "single particle" techique. The sensitivity to detect a GRB as a function of the burst parameters and the detector characteristics are discussed. The rate of possible observations is evaluated, making reasonable assumptions on the high energy emission, the absorbtion of gamma-rays in the intergalactic space, the distribution of the sources in the universe and the bursts luminosity function. We show that a large area detector located at high mountain altitude has good prospects for positive detections, providing useful informations on the high energy components of GRBs.
Observation of the Second Harmonic in Thomson Scattering from...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Observation of the Second Harmonic in Thomson Scattering from Relativistic Electrons Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Observation of the Second Harmonic in Thomson...
Effective range function below threshold
A. Deloff
2000-06-26
We demonstrate that the kernel of the Lippmann-Schwinger equation, associated with interactions consisting of a sum of the Coulomb plus a short range nuclear potential, below threshold becomes degenerate. Taking advantage of this fact, we present a simple method of calculating the effective range function for negative energies. This may be useful in practice since the effective range expansion extrapolated to threshold allows to extract low-energy scattering parameters: the Coulomb-modified scattering length and the effective range.
All-Optical Field-Induced Second-Harmonic Generation
Davidson, Roderick B; Ziegler, Jed I; Avanesyan, Sergey M; Lawrie, Ben J; Haglund, Richard F
2015-01-01
Efficient frequency modulation techniques are crucial to the development of plasmonic metasurfaces for information processing and energy conversion. Nanoscale electric-field confinement in optically pumped plasmonic structures enables stronger nonlinear susceptibilities than are attainable in bulk materials. The interaction of three distinct electric fields in (chi)^3 optical processes allows for all-optical modulation of nonlinear signals. Here we demonstrate effcient third-order second harmonic generation (SHG) in a serrated nanogap plasmonic geometry that generates steep electric field gradients within a dielectric material. We utilize an ultrafast optical pump to control the plasmonically induced electric-fields and to generate bandwidth-limited ultrafast second-harmonic pulses driven by the control pulses. The combination of plasmonic metasurfaces with all-optical control and the freedom to choose the dielectric allow multiple generalizations of this concept and geometry to other four-wave mixing process...
Extra Harmonic Vowel in Chicahuaxtla Trique
Matsukawa, Kosuke
2008-01-01
stream_size 17328 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name kwpl-30-Matsukawa.pdf.txt stream_source_info kwpl-30-Matsukawa.pdf.txt Content-Encoding UTF-8 Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Extra Harmonic Vowel... harmonic vowel is added after a laryngealized vowel (either a glottalized vowel or an aspirated vowel) in a final syllable. The extra harmonic vowel does not exist in Copala Trique or Itunyoso Trique and is attached mostly to noun stems in Chicahuaxtla...
Harmonization of Federal and International Regulations | Department of
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancing ProgramsDepartment of EnergyEnergy Harmonization of
Cross sections for neutron-deuteron elastic scattering in the energy range 135-250 MeV
E. Ertan; T. Akdogan; M. B. Chtangeev; W. A. Franklin; P. A. M. Gram; M. A. Kovash; J. L. Matthews; M. Yuly
2012-11-22
We report new measurements of the neutron-deuteron elastic scattering cross section at energies from 135 to 250 MeV and center-of-mass angles from $80^\\circ$ to $130^\\circ$. Cross sections for neutron-proton elastic scattering were also measured with the same experimental setup for normalization purposes. Our $nd$ cross section results are compared with predictions based on Faddeev calculations including three-nucleon forces, and with cross sections measured with charged particle and neutron beams at comparable energies.
A. Mishev; J. Stamenov
2005-12-16
The general aim of this work is to obtain the lateral distribution of atmospheric Cherenkov light in extensive air showers produced by different primary particles precisely by. protons, Helium, Iron, Oxygen, Carbon, Nitrogen, Calcium, Silicon and gamma quanta in wide energy range at high mountain observation level of Chacaltaya cosmic ray station. The simulations are divided generally in two energy ranges 10GeV-10 TeV and 10 TeV-10 PeV. One large detector has been used for simulations, the aim being to reduce the statistical fluctuations of the obtained characteristics. The shape of the obtained lateral distributions of Cherenkov light in extensive air showers is discussed and the scientific potential for solution of different problems as well.
M. V. Garzelli
2008-10-13
The overlapping stage of heavy-ion reactions can be simulated by dynamical microscopical models, such as those built on the basis of the Molecular Dynamics (MD) approaches, allowing to study the fragment formation process. The present performances of the Quantum MD (QMD) code developed at the University of Milano are discussed, showing results concerning fragment and particle production at bombarding energies up to $\\lsim$ 700 MeV/A, as well as a preliminary analysis on the isoscaling behaviour of isotopic yield ratios for reactions with isospin composition N/Z in the (1 - 1.2) range, at a 45 MeV/A bombarding energy.
Cross sections for neutron-deuteron elastic scattering in the energy range 135–250 MeV
Ertan, E.
We report new measurements of the neutron-deuteron elastic scattering cross section at energies from 135 to 250 MeV and center-of-mass angles from 80[degrees] to 130[degrees]. Cross sections for neutron-proton elastic ...
Conjugate Harmonic Functions and Clifford Craig A. Nolder
Conjugate Harmonic Functions and Clifford Algebras Craig A. Nolder Department of Mathematics a Hardy-Littlewood inequality and a Privalov inequality for conju- gate harmonic functions in the plane], Stein and Weiss studied systems of conjugate harmonic functions in Rn . These are vectors of harmonic
Dual aperture dipole magnet with second harmonic component
Praeg, W.F.
1983-08-31
An improved dual aperture dipole electromagnet includes a second-harmonic frequency magnetic guide field winding which surrounds first harmonic frequency magnetic guide field windings associated with each aperture. The second harmonic winding and the first harmonic windings cooperate to produce resultant magnetic waveforms in the apertures which have extended acceleration and shortened reset portions of electromagnet operation.
High harmonic generation in the relativistic *, A. GOPAL2
Loss, Daniel
LETTERS High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit B. DROMEY1 , M. ZEPF1 *, A. GOPAL2 , K, measurements with unprecedented temporal resolution16 . Harmonics from lasersolid target interactions have of harmonic efficiency to high orders by driving harmonic production to the relativistic limit1 . Here we
Dual aperture dipole magnet with second harmonic component
Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL)
1985-01-01
An improved dual aperture dipole electromagnet includes a second-harmonic frequency magnetic guide field winding which surrounds first harmonic frequency magnetic guide field windings associated with each aperture. The second harmonic winding and the first harmonic windings cooperate to produce resultant magnetic waveforms in the apertures which have extended acceleration and shortened reset portions of electromagnet operation.
Local Harmonic Estimation in Musical Sound Rafael A. IRIZARRY
Irizarry, Rafael A.
Local Harmonic Estimation in Musical Sound Signals Rafael A. IRIZARRY Statistical modeling so a local harmonic model that tracks changes in pitch and in the amplitudes of the harmonics is fit estimates of the harmonic signal and of the noise signal. Different musical composition applications may
Topics in affine and discrete harmonic analysis
Hickman, Jonathan Edward
2015-07-01
In this thesis a number of problems in harmonic analysis of a geometric flavour are discussed and, in particular, the Lebesgue space mapping properties of certain averaging and Fourier restriction operators are studied. ...
Harmonic Representation of Combinations and Partitions
Michalis Psimopoulos
2011-03-01
In the present article a new method of deriving integral representations of combinations and partitions in terms of harmonic products has been established. This method may be relevant to statistical mechanics and to number theory.
On conformal supergravity and harmonic superspace
Daniel Butter
2015-09-01
This paper describes a fully covariant approach to harmonic superspace. It is based on the conformal superspace description of conformal supergravity and involves extending the supermanifold M^{4|8} by the tangent bundle of CP^1. The resulting superspace M^{4|8} x TCP^1 can be identified in a certain gauge with the conventional harmonic superspace M^{4|8} x S^2. This approach not only makes the connection to projective superspace transparent, but simplifies calculations in harmonic superspace significantly by eliminating the need to deal directly with supergravity prepotentials. As an application of the covariant approach, we derive from harmonic superspace the full component action for the sigma model of a hyperkahler cone coupled to conformal supergravity. Further applications are also sketched.
Harmonizing Systems and Software Cost Estimation
Wang, Gan
2009-07-19
The objective of this paper is to examine the gaps and overlaps between software and systems engineering cost models with intent to harmonize the estimates in engineering engineering estimation. In particular, we evaluate ...
Harmonic Lasing Characterization at Jefferson Lab
Stephen Benson; Michelle D. Shinn
2006-08-27
Harmonic lasing is normally suppressed because of lasing at the fundamental wavelength. It can, however, be achieved by using any of several methods that suppress fundamental lasing. In this paper we discuss two methods used at Jefferson Lab. The first is to use the characteristics of dielectric coatings to allow harmonic lasing at cavity lengths longer than the synchronous length for the fundamental. The second is to use a dielectric coating that has little reflectivity at the fundamental. This allows us to directly compare fundamental and harmonic lasing with the same optical resonator and electron beam. We present measurement carried out at Jefferson Lab using the IR Upgrade FEL operating at 0.53, 0.94, 1.04, 1.6, and 2.8 microns in which both schemes are used to produce lasing at both the 3rd and 5th harmonic of the fundamental.
Harmonic experiments to model fracture induced anisotropy
Santos, Juan
of earthquakes, and hydrocarbon and geothermal reservoirs are mainly composed of fractured rocks. Harmonic and vertical coordinates, respectively. When a dense set of parallel fractures is present, the medium behaves
NREL: Energy Analysis: Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on771/6/14RecentGeospatial Analysis To perform and support
Nonlinearly driven harmonics of Alfvén modes
Zhang, B., E-mail: bozhang@austin.utexas.edu; Breizman, B. N.; Zheng, L. J.; Berk, H. L. [Institute for Fusion Studies, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)] [Institute for Fusion Studies, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)
2014-01-15
In order to study the leading order nonlinear magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) harmonic response of a plasma in realistic geometry, the AEGIS code has been generalized to account for inhomogeneous source terms. These source terms are expressed in terms of the quadratic corrections that depend on the functional form of a linear MHD eigenmode, such as the Toroidal Alfvén Eigenmode. The solution of the resultant equation gives the second order harmonic response. Preliminary results are presented here.
Some examples of exponentially harmonic maps
A D Kanfon; A Füzfa; D Lambert
2002-05-15
The aim of this paper is to study some examples of exponentially harmonic maps. We study such maps firstly on flat euclidean and Minkowski spaces and secondly on Friedmann-Lema\\^ itre universes. We also consider some new models of exponentially harmonic maps which are coupled with gravity which happen to be based on a generalization of the lagrangian for bosonic strings coupled with dilatonic field.
The sup 252 Cf(sf) neutron spectrum in the 5- to 20-MeV energy range
Marten, H.; Richter, D.; Seeliger, D. ); Fromm, W.D. ); Bottger, R.; Klein, H. )
1990-11-01
This paper reports on the {sup 252}Cf neutron spectrum measured at high energies with a miniature ionization chamber and two different NE-213 neutron detectors. The gamma-ray background and the main cosmic background caused by muons were suppressed by applying efficient pulse-shape discrimination. On the basis of two-dimensional spectroscopy of the neutron time-of-flight and scintillation pulse height, the sliding bias method is used to minimize experimental uncertainties. The experimental data, corrected for several systematic influences, confirm earlier results that show negative deviations from a reference Maxwellian distribution with a 1.42-MeV spectrum temperature for neutron energies above 6 MeV. Experimental results of this work are compared with various statistical model approaches to the {sup 252}Cf(sf) neutron spectrum.
Systematic Study of Directed Flow at RHIC Energies
Alice C. Mignerey; for the Phobos Collaboration
2005-10-10
Directed flow, v1, of charged hardons has been measured in Au-Au collisions at RHIC for center-of-mass energies sqrt(sNN) = 19.6, 130, 62.4, and 200 GeV using the PHOBOS detector. The large acceptance of PHOBOS for charged particles allows measurements over the full range of pseudorapidity |eta| energies. Comparison is made to a mixed harmonic method for the highest energy, and compared to similar results from the STAR collaboration.
Cabral, Marco
Harmonic Functions are Real Analytic1 On this very short note we prove that harmonic functions prove Lemma 1 using the mean value property of harmonic functions, Green's theorem and the maximum principle. Lemma 1 (estimate on first derivative) Suppose w is harmonic in Rn , > 0, y and B
Vladimir Kovalenko; Vladimir Vechernin
2013-08-29
The magnitude of long-range correlations between observables in two separated rapidity windows, proposed as a signature of the string fusion and percolation phenomenon, is studied in the framework of non-Glauber Monte Carlo string-parton model, based on the picture of elementary collisions of color dipoles. The predictions, obtained with and without string fusion, demonstrate effects of color string fusion on the observables in Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC: decrease of n-n correlation coefficient with centrality and negative pt-n correlations, if the sufficiently effective centrality estimator is applied. In general case it is shown that the values of n-n and pt-n correlation coefficients strongly depend on the method of collision centrality fixation. In contrast, the predictions obtained for pt-pt correlation have almost no effect of centrality determination method and the corresponding experimental data would produce the strong limitation on the transverse radius of a string.
Energy dependence of directed flow over a wide range of pseudorapidity in Au+Au collisions at RHIC
B. B. Back; for the PHOBOS Collaboration
2006-07-08
We report on measurements of directed flow as a function of pseudorapidity in Au+Au collisions at energies of $\\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}} =$ 19.6, 62.4, 130 and 200 GeV as measured by the PHOBOS detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). These results are particularly valuable because of the extensive, continuous pseudorapidity coverage of the PHOBOS detector. There is no significant indication of structure near midrapidity and the data surprisingly exhibit extended longitudinal scaling similar to that seen for elliptic flow and charged particle pseudorapidity density.
Ying Yuan; Qingfeng Li; Zhuxia Li; Fu-Hu Liu
2010-02-26
Nuclear stopping in the heavy ion collisions over a beam energy range from SIS, AGS up to SPS is studied in the framework of the modified UrQMD transport model, in which mean field potentials of both formed and "pre-formed" hadrons (from string fragmentation) and medium modified nucleon-nucleon elastic cross sections are considered. It is found that the nuclear stopping is influenced by both the stiffness of the equation of state and the medium modifications of nucleon-nucleon cross sections at SIS energies. At the high SPS energies, the two-bump structure is shown in the experimental rapidity distribution of free protons, which can be understood with the consideration of the "pre-formed" hadron potentials.
Manglos, S.H.
1988-03-10
A neutron range spectrometer and method for determining the neutron energy spectrum of a neutron emitting source are disclosed. Neutrons from the source are colliminated along a collimation axis and a position sensitive neutron counter is disposed in the path of the collimated neutron beam. The counter determines positions along the collimation axis of interactions between the neutrons in the neutron beam and a neutron-absorbing material in the counter. From the interaction positions, a computer analyzes the data and determines the neutron energy spectrum of the neutron beam. The counter is preferably shielded and a suitable neutron-absorbing material is He-3. 1 fig.
, wind, hydropower, and biomass. Climate change and expected changes in the frequency of extreme weather. Some major groups include: · Energy corporations and utility companies · Energy regulators of ways. Some examples include: · Using global surface hourly data for studies of wind energy potential
Advanced properties of extended plasmas for efficient high-order harmonic generation
Ganeev, R. A.; Physics Department, Voronezh State University, Voronezh 394006 ; Suzuki, M.; Kuroda, H.
2014-05-15
We demonstrate the advanced properties of extended plasma plumes (5?mm) for efficient harmonic generation of laser radiation compared with the short lengths of plasmas (?0.3–0.5?mm) used in previous studies. The harmonic conversion efficiency quadratically increased with the growth of plasma length. The studies of this process along the whole extreme ultraviolet range using the long plasma jets produced on various metal surfaces, particularly including the resonance-enhanced laser frequency conversion and two-color pump, are presented. Such plasmas could be used for the quasi-phase matching experiments by proper modulation of the spatial characteristics of extended ablating area and formation of separated plasma jets.
Thermal conductivity in harmonic lattices with random collisions
Giada Basile; Cédric Bernardin; Milton Jara; Tomasz Komorowski; Stefano Olla
2015-09-08
We review recent rigorous mathematical results about the macroscopic behaviour of harmonic chains with the dynamics perturbed by a random exchange of velocities between nearest neighbor particles. The random exchange models the effects of nonlinearities of anharmonic chains and the resulting dynamics have similar macroscopic behaviour. In particular there is a superdiffusion of energy for unpinned acoustic chains. The corresponding evolution of the temperature profile is governed by a fractional heat equation. In non-acoustic chains we have normal diffusivity, even if momentum is conserved.
Carnelli, P. F. F.; Arazi, A.; Cardona, M. A.; Figueira, J. M.; Hojman, D.; Martinez Heimann, D.; Negri, A. E.; Pacheco, A. J.; Abriola, D.; Capurro, O. A.; Fimiani, L.; Grinberg, P.; Marti, G. V.; Fernandez Niello, J. O.
2010-08-04
We have measured elastic excitation functions for the {sup 7}Li+{sup 27}Al system, in an energy range close to its Coulomb barrier (E{sub lab} = 8.4 MeV) in steps of 0.25 MeV. For this purpose, an array of eight surface-barrier detectors was used. To get an insight on the background composition (mainly {alpha} particles), a telescope-detector was used for atomic-number identification. Identical measurements for the {sup 6}Li+{sup 27}Al system are planned for the near future.
Almansa, J F; Anguiano, M; Guerrero, R; Lallena, A M; Al-Dweri, Feras M.O.; Almansa, Julio F.; Guerrero, Rafael
2006-01-01
Monte Carlo calculations using the codes PENELOPE and GEANT4 have been performed to characterize the dosimetric properties of monoenergetic photon point sources in water. The dose rate in water has been calculated for energies of interest in brachytherapy, ranging between 10 keV and 2 MeV. A comparison of the results obtained using the two codes with the available data calculated with other Monte Carlo codes is carried out. A chi2-like statistical test is proposed for these comparisons. PENELOPE and GEANT4 show a reasonable agreement for all energies analyzed and distances to the source larger than 1 cm. Significant differences are found at distances from the source up to 1 cm. A similar situation occurs between PENELOPE and EGS4.
Cascaded third harmonic generation in hybrid graphene-semiconductor waveguides
Smirnova, Daria A
2015-01-01
We study cascaded harmonic generation of hybrid surface plasmons in integrated planar waveguides composed of a graphene layer and a doped-semiconductor slab. We derive a comprehensive model of cascaded third harmonic generation through phase-matched nonlinear interaction of fundamental, second harmonic and third harmonic plasmonic modes supported by the structure. We show that hybrid graphene-semiconductor waveguides can simultaneously phase-match these three interacting harmonics, increasing the total third-harmonic output by a factor of 5 compared to the non-cascaded regime.
On the symplectic structure of harmonic superspace
Kachkachi, M.; Saidi, E.H. (Lab. de Physique Theorique, Faculte des Sciences, Av. Ibn Battota, B.P. 1014, Rabat (Morocco))
1992-11-10
In this paper, the symplectic properties of harmonic superspace are studied. It is shown that Diff(S[sup 2]) is isomorphic to Diff[sub 0](S[sup 3])/Ab(Diff[sub 0](S[sup 3])), where Diff[sub 0](S[sup 3]) is the group of the diffeomorphisms of S[sup 3] preserving the Cartan charge operator D[sup 0] and Ab(Diff[sub 0](S[sup 3])) is its Abelian subgroup generated by the Cartan vectors L[sub 0] = w[sup 0]D[sup 0]. The authors show also that the eigenvalue equation D[sup 0] [lambda](z) = 0 defines a symplectic structure in harmonic superspace, and the authors calculate the corresponding algebra. The general symplectic invariant coupling of the Maxwell prepotential is constructed in both flat and curved harmonic superspace. Other features are discussed.
High harmonic phase in molecular nitrogen
McFarland, Brian K.
2009-10-17
Electronic structure in atoms and molecules modulates the amplitude and phase of high harmonic generation (HHG). We report measurements of the high harmonic spectral amplitude and phase in N{sub 2}. The phase is measured interferometrically by beating the N{sub 2} harmonics with those of an Ar reference oscillator in a gas mixture. A rapid phase shift of 0.2{pi} is observed in the vicinity of the HHG spectral minimum, where a shift of {pi} had been presumed [J. Itatani et al., Nature 432, 867 (2004)]. We compare the phase measurements to a simulation of the HHG recombination step in N{sub 2} that is based on a simple interference model. The results of the simulation suggest that modifications beyond the simple interference model are needed to explain HHG spectra in molecules.
Many interacting fermions in a one-dimensional harmonic trap: a quantum-chemical treatment
Grining, Tomasz; Lesiuk, Micha?; Przybytek, Micha?; Musia?, Monika; Massignan, Pietro; Lewenstein, Maciej; Moszynski, Robert
2015-01-01
We employ ab initio methods of quantum chemistry to investigate spin-1/2 fermions interacting via a two-body contact potential in a one-dimensional harmonic trap. The convergence of the total energy with the size of the one-particle basis set is analytically investigated for the two-body problem and the same form of the convergence formula is numerically confirmed to be valid for the many-body case. Benchmark calculations for two to six fermions with the full configuration interaction method, equivalent to the exact diagonalization approach, and the coupled cluster method including single, double, triple, and quadruple excitations are presented. The convergence of the correlation energy with the level of excitations included in the coupled cluster model is analyzed. The range of the interaction strength for which single-reference coupled cluster methods work is examined. Next, the coupled cluster method restricted to single, double, and noniterative triple excitations, CCSD(T), is employed to study a two-comp...
Chatrchyan, Serguei; et al.
2012-05-01
Measurements from the CMS experiment at the LHC of dihadron correlations for charged particles produced in PbPb collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of 2.76 TeV are presented. The results are reported as a function of the particle transverse momenta (pt) and collision centrality over a broad range in relative pseudorapidity [Delta(eta)] and the full range of relative azimuthal angle [Delta(phi)]. The observed two-dimensional correlation structure in Delta(eta) and Delta(phi) is characterised by a narrow peak at (Delta(eta), Delta(phi)) approximately (0, 0) from jet-like correlations and a long-range structure that persists up to at least |Delta(eta)| = 4. An enhancement of the magnitude of the short-range jet peak is observed with increasing centrality, especially for particles of pt around 1-2 GeV/c. The long-range azimuthal dihadron correlations are extensively studied using a Fourier decomposition analysis. The extracted Fourier coefficients are found to factorise into a product of single-particle azimuthal anisotropies up to pt approximately 3-3.5 GeV/c for at least one particle from each pair, except for the second-order harmonics in the most central PbPb events. Various orders of the single-particle azimuthal anisotropy harmonics are extracted for associated particle pt of 1-3 GeV/c, as a function of the trigger particle pt up to 20 GeV/c and over the full centrality range.
Nonergodic behavior of interacting bosons in harmonic traps Thomas Papenbrock and George F. Bertsch
Bertsch George F.
Nonergodic behavior of interacting bosons in harmonic traps Thomas Papenbrock and George F. Bertsch of the ground-state occupation number. In the high-energy regime of classical physics we find nonergodic behavior for modest numbers of trapped particles. We give two conditions that assure the ergodic behavior
A New Approach to Solving the Harmonic Elimination Equations for a Multilevel Converter
Tolbert, Leon M.
is required. A multilevel inverter is ideal for connecting such distributed dc energy sources (solar cellsA New Approach to Solving the Harmonic Elimination Equations for a Multilevel Converter John N that the transcendental equations characterizing the har- monic content can be converted to polynomial equations which
Synchronization transitions in ensembles of noisy oscillators with bi-harmonic coupling
Pikovsky, Arkady
with a bi-harmonic coupling function, and two sources of disorder--diversity of the intrinsic oscillators junctions, where the dynamics of a single junction in the array is governed by a double-well energy of disorder that hinder synchroni- zation, namely diversity of oscillators' frequencies, and white additive
Fast ion absorption of the high harmonic fast wave in the National Spherical Torus Experiment a...
Egedal, Jan
above the beam injection energy is sustained by the wave. In agreement with modeling, these experimentsFast ion absorption of the high harmonic fast wave in the National Spherical Torus Experiment a Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 #Received 23 October 2003; accepted 19 December 2003
Fast ion absorption of the high harmonic fast wave in the National Spherical Torus Experimenta...
injection energy is sustained by the wave. In agreement with modeling, these experiments find the rfFast ion absorption of the high harmonic fast wave in the National Spherical Torus Experimenta... A Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 Received 23 October 2003; accepted 19 December 2003
Quantum spatial-periodic harmonic model for daily price-limited stock markets
Meng, Xiangyi; Xu, Jingjing; Guo, Hong
2015-01-01
We investigate the behavior of stocks in daily price-limited stock markets by purposing a quantum spatial-periodic harmonic model. The stock price is presumed to oscillate and damp in a quantum spatial-periodic harmonic oscillator potential well. Complicated non-linear relations including inter-band positive correlation and intra-band negative correlation between the volatility and the trading volume of stocks are derived by considering the energy band structure of the model. The validity of price limitation is then examined and abnormal phenomena of a price-limited stock market (Shanghai Stock Exchange) of China are studied by applying our quantum model.
Parametric Estimation of Harmonically Related Sinusoids
Dixit, Richa
2010-04-01
Mud-pulse telemetry is a method used for measurement-while-drilling (MWD)in the oil industry. The telemetry signals are corrupted by spurious mud pump noise consisting of a large number of harmonically related sinusoids. In order to denoise...
Yan, Jun
2012-07-16
design methodology of sinusoidal oscillator named digital-harmonic-cancellation (DHC) technique is presented. DHC technique is realized by summing up a set of square-wave signals with different phase shifts and different summing coefficient to cancel...
D. Pagel; A. Alvermann; H. Fehske
2013-01-24
We study the dissipative quantum harmonic oscillator with general non-thermal preparations of the harmonic oscillator bath. The focus is on equilibration of the oscillator in the long-time limit and the additional requirements for thermalization. Our study is based on the exact solution of the microscopic model obtained by means of operator equations of motion, which provides us with the time evolution of the central oscillator density matrix in terms of the propagating function. We find a hierarchy of conditions for thermalization, together with the relation of the asymptotic temperature to the energy distribution in the initial bath state. We discuss the presence and absence of equilibration for the example of an inhomogeneous chain of harmonic oscillators, and illustrate the general findings about thermalization for the non-thermal environment that results from a quench.
Harmonic influence in large-scale networks Daron Acemoglu
Como, Giacomo
Harmonic influence in large-scale networks Daron Acemoglu , Giacomo Como , Fabio Fagnani , and Asuman Ozdaglar§ 1. INTRODUCTION Harmonic influence has been recently introduced as a measure = 0 and xs1 = 1, respectively, the harmonic influence vector x measures the relative influence of s1
Harmonic maps on domains with piecewise Lipschitz continuous metrics
Wang, Changyou
Harmonic maps on domains with piecewise Lipschitz continuous metrics Haigang Li , Changyou Wang consider harmonic map from (, g) to a compact Rie- mannian manifold (N, h) Rk without boundary. We generalize the notion of stationary harmonic maps and prove their partial regularity. We also discuss
Harmonic Functions for Quadrilateral Remeshing of Arbitrary Manifolds
Garland, Michael
Harmonic Functions for Quadrilateral Remeshing of Arbitrary Manifolds S. Dong , S. Kircher, M on the use of smooth harmonic scalar fields defined over the mesh. Given such a field, we compute its for cutting the surface into patches. Key words: quad-dominant remeshing, gradient flow tracing, harmonic
Harmonic Balance, Melnikov Method and Nonlinear Oscillators Under Resonant Perturbation
Bonnin, Michele
Harmonic Balance, Melnikov Method and Nonlinear Oscillators Under Resonant Perturbation Michele of the unperturbed system. On the other hand, spectral techniques, like the Harmonic Balance, have been widely's integral over the Harmonic Balance approximation of the unperturbed orbits. The proposed method
harmonic generation at a critical power in inhomogeneous doubly
Soljačić, Marin
(2) and (3) harmonic generation at a critical power in inhomogeneous doubly resonant cavities- and third-harmonic generation via (2) and (3) nonlinearities. We find that conversion efficiency. Drummond, K. J. McNeil, and D. F. Walls, "Non-equilibrium transitions in sub/second harmonic generation I
Harmonic Elimination for Multilevel Converter with Programmed PWM Method
Tolbert, Leon M.
Harmonic Elimination for Multilevel Converter with Programmed PWM Method Zhong Du, Leon M. Tolbert presents a programmed PWM method to eliminate specific higher order harmonics of multilevel converters. First, resultant theory is applied to transcendental equations to eliminate low order harmonics
Harmonic Analysis and Geometries of Digital Data Bases
Maggioni, Mauro
Harmonic Analysis and Geometries of Digital Data Bases AMS Session Special Sesson, 2010 () Harmonic Analysis of Data Bases January 14, 2010 1 / 41 #12;Local geometry described by a graph, Gavish) Harmonic Analysis of Data Bases January 14, 2010 2 / 41 #12;Local geometry described by a graph
High harmonic generation and attosecond pulse production in dense medium
Becker, Andreas
High harmonic generation and attosecond pulse production in dense medium v.v. Stre1kov1'2', V ABSTRACT We have studied the high harmonic generation and attosecond pulse production in a plasma or gas positions of the particles using the Monte-Carlo method. We observe a change of the harmonic properties due
The harmonic measure of balls in random trees Nicolas Curien
Le Gall, Jean-FranĂ§ois
The harmonic measure of balls in random trees Nicolas Curien and Jean-FranĂ§ois Le Gall Abstract We study properties of the harmonic measure of balls in typical large discrete trees. For a ball of radius of the harmonic measure is supported on a boundary set of size approximately equal to n , where 0
Harmonic Broadcasting Is Bandwidth-Optimal Assuming Constant Bit Rate
Sudan, Madhu
Harmonic Broadcasting Is Bandwidth-Optimal Assuming Constant Bit Rate Lars Engebretsen1, and Madhu Street Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 USA E-mail: madhu@mit.edu November 2005 Abstract. Harmonic for video-on-demand broadcasting. In this paper, we note that harmonic broadcasting is actually a spe- cial
The Harmonic Oscillator and the Uncertainty Principle Frank Rioux
Rioux, Frank
The Harmonic Oscillator and the Uncertainty Principle Frank Rioux Emeritus Professor of Chemistry CSB|SJU SchrĂ¶dinger's equation in atomic units (h = 2) for the harmonic oscillator has an exact is that tunneling occurs in the simple harmonic oscillator. The classical turning point is that position at which
The Harmonic Series Diverges Again and Again Steven J. Kifowit
California at Santa Cruz, University of
The Harmonic Series Diverges Again and Again Steven J. Kifowit Prairie State College Terra A. Stamps Prairie State College The harmonic series, n=1 1 n = 1 + 1 2 + 1 3 + 1 4 + 1 5 + Â· Â· Â· , is one, the harmonic series provides the instructor with a wealth of opportunities. The leaning tower of lire (Johnson
Comparing Harmonic Similarity Measures W. Bas de Haas1
Veltkamp, Remco
Comparing Harmonic Similarity Measures W. Bas de Haas1 , Matthias Robine2 , Pierre Hanna2 , Remco C in which we compare two harmonic similarity measures. In contrast to earlier work, in this paper we approach to harmonic similarity, and measure the effects of chord descrip- tion detail and a priori key
Tomography of high harmonic generation in a cluster jet
. In this Letter, we present a tomographic tech- nique for studying high harmonic generation in cluster jetsTomography of high harmonic generation in a cluster jet Chih-Hao Pai Department of Physics; accepted December 21, 2005; posted January 4, 2006 (Doc. ID 66558) Tomographic measurement of high harmonic
Technical Section Feature-aligned harmonic volumetric mapping using MFS
Li, Xin "Shane"
Technical Section Feature-aligned harmonic volumetric mapping using MFS Xin Li a,b,Ă, Huanhuan Xu a Correspondence and registration Harmonic volumetric mapping a b s t r a c t We present an efficient adaptive method to compute the harmonic volumetric mapping, which establishes a smooth correspondence between two
R-matrix analysis of the {sup 240}Pu neutron cross sections in the thermal to 5700 eV energy range
Derrien, H.; Bouland, O.; Larson, N.M.; Leal, L.C.
1997-08-01
Resonance analysis of high resolution neutron transmission data and of fission cross sections were performed in the neutron energy range from the thermal regions to 5,700 eV by using the Reich-Moore Bayesian code SAMMY. The experimental data base is described and the method of analysis is given. The experimental data were carefully examined in order to identify more resonances than those found in the current evaluated data files. The statistical properties of the resonance parameters are given. A new set of the average values of the parameters is proposed, which could be used for calculation of the average cross sections in the unresolved resonance region. The resonance parameters are available IN ENDF-6 format at the national or international data centers.
Huang, Xianli; Morita, Shigeru; Oishi, Tetsutarou; Goto, Motoshi; National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 Gifu ; Dong, Chunfeng
2014-04-15
A flat-field space-resolved extreme ultraviolet (EUV) spectrometer system working in wavelength range of 10–130 Ĺ has been constructed in the Large Helical Device (LHD) for profile measurements of bremsstrahlung continuum and line emissions of heavy impurities in the central column of plasmas, which are aimed at studies on Z{sub eff} and impurity transport, respectively. Until now, a large amount of spike noise caused by neutral particles with high energies (?180 keV) originating in neutral beam injection has been observed in EUV spectroscopy on LHD. The new system has been developed with an aim to delete such a spike noise from the signal by installing a thin filter which can block the high-energy neutral particles entering the EUV spectrometer. Three filters of 11 ?m thick beryllium (Be), 3.3 ?m thick polypropylene (PP), and 0.5 ?m thick polyethylene terephthalate (PET: polyester) have been examined to eliminate the spike noise. Although the 11 ?m Be and 3.3 ?m PP filters can fully delete the spike noise in wavelength range of ? ? 20 Ĺ, the signal intensity is also reduced. The 0.5 ?m PET filter, on the other hand, can maintain sufficient signal intensity for the measurement and the spike noise remained in the signal is acceptable. As a result, the bremsstrahlung profile is successfully measured without noise at 20 Ĺ even in low-density discharges, e.g., 2.9 × 10{sup 13} cm{sup ?3}, when the 0.5 ?m PET filter is used. The iron n = 3–2 L? transition array consisting of FeXVII to FeXXIV is also excellently observed with their radial profiles in wavelength range of 10–18 Ĺ. Each transition in the L? array can be accurately identified with its radial profile. As a typical example of the method a spectral line at 17.62 Ĺ is identified as FeXVIII transition. Results on absolute intensity calibration of the spectrometer system, pulse height and noise count analyses of the spike noise between holographic and ruled gratings and wavelength response of the used filters are also presented with performance of the present spectrometer system.
Lomsadze, R A; Kezerashvili, R Ya
2015-01-01
Absolute cross sections for charge-exchange, ionization and excitation in Na$% ^{+}-$Ne and Na$^{+}-$Ar collisions were measured in the ion energy range $% 0.5-10$ keV using a refined version of a capacitor method, and collision and optical spectroscopy methods simultaneously in the same experimental set-up. Ionization cross sections for Ne$^{+}-$Na and Ar$^{+}-$Na collisions are measured at the energies of $2-14$ keV using a crossed-beam spectroscopy method. The experimental data and the schematic correlation diagrams are used to analyze and determine the mechanisms for these processes. For the charge-exchange process in Na$^{+}$ $-$Ar collisions two nonadiabatic regions are revealed and mechanisms responsible for these regions are explained. Structural peculiarity on the excitation function for the resonance lines of argon atoms in Na$^{+}$ $-$Ar collisions are observed and the possible mechanisms of this phenomenon are explored. The measured ionization cross sections for Na$^{+}-$Ne and Ne$^{+}-$Na collisi...
Porter, D R; Porter, D R no 1; Waring, S no 1
1975-01-01
The feasibility of obtaining very short pulsed beams in the energy range 300-600 keV from the 3 MeV pulsed Van de Graaff accelerator (I.B.I.S)
Manglos, Stephen H. (East Syracuse, NY)
1989-06-06
A neutron range spectrometer and method for determining the neutron energy spectrum of a neutron emitting source are disclosed. Neutrons from the source are collimnated along a collimation axis and a position sensitive neutron counter is disposed in the path of the collimated neutron beam. The counter determines positions along the collimation axis of interactions between the neutrons in the neutron beam and a neutron-absorbing material in the counter. From the interaction positions, a computer analyzes the data and determines the neutron energy spectrum of the neutron beam. The counter is preferably shielded and a suitable neutron-absorbing material is He-3. The computer solves the following equation in the analysis: ##EQU1## where: N(x).DELTA.x=the number of neutron interactions measured between a position x and x+.DELTA.x, A.sub.i (E.sub.i).DELTA.E.sub.i =the number of incident neutrons with energy between E.sub.i and E.sub.i +.DELTA.E.sub.i, and C=C(E.sub.i)=N .sigma.(E.sub.i) where N=the number density of absorbing atoms in the position sensitive counter means and .sigma. (E.sub.i)=the average cross section of the absorbing interaction between E.sub.i and E.sub.i +.DELTA.E.sub.i.
Generalized harmonic formulation in spherical symmetry
Evgeny Sorkin; Matthew W. Choptuik
2010-04-30
In this pedagogically structured article, we describe a generalized harmonic formulation of the Einstein equations in spherical symmetry which is regular at the origin. The generalized harmonic approach has attracted significant attention in numerical relativity over the past few years, especially as applied to the problem of binary inspiral and merger. A key issue when using the technique is the choice of the gauge source functions, and recent work has provided several prescriptions for gauge drivers designed to evolve these functions in a controlled way. We numerically investigate the parameter spaces of some of these drivers in the context of fully non-linear collapse of a real, massless scalar field, and determine nearly optimal parameter settings for specific situations. Surprisingly, we find that many of the drivers that perform well in 3+1 calculations that use Cartesian coordinates, are considerably less effective in spherical symmetry, where some of them are, in fact, unstable.
Prolate spheroidal harmonic expansion of gravitational field
Fukushima, Toshio, E-mail: Toshio.Fukushima@nao.ac.jp [National Astronomical Observatory, Ohsawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)
2014-06-01
As a modification of the oblate spheroidal case, a recursive method is developed to compute the point value and a few low-order derivatives of the prolate spheroidal harmonics of the second kind, Q{sub nm} (y), namely the unnormalized associated Legendre function (ALF) of the second kind with its argument in the domain, 1 < y < ?. They are required in evaluating the prolate spheroidal harmonic expansion of the gravitational field in addition to the point value and the low-order derivatives of P-bar {sub nm}(t), the 4? fully normalized ALF of the first kind with its argument in the domain, |t| ? 1. The new method will be useful in the gravitational field computation of elongated celestial objects.
RF physics of ICWC discharge at high cyclotron harmonics
Lyssoivan, A.; Van Eester, D.; Wauters, T.; Vervier, M.; Van Schoor, M. [Association Euratom-Belgian State, LPP-ERM-KMS, 1000 Brussels (Belgium); Bobkov, V.; Rohde, V.; Schneider, P. [Association Euratom-IPP, Max-Planck Institut für Plasmaphysik, 85748 Garching (Germany); Douai, D.; Kogut, D. [Association Euratom-CEA, CEA, IRFM, 13108 St Paul lez Durance (France); Kreter, A.; Möller, S.; Philipps, V.; Sergienko, G. [Association Euratom-IEK-4, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich (Germany); Moiseenko, V. [Institute of Plasma Physics NSC KIPT, 61108 Kharkiv (Ukraine); Noterdaeme, J.-M. [Association Euratom-IPP, Max-Planck Institut für Plasmaphysik, 85748 Garching, Germany and Ghent University, 9000 Ghent (Belgium); Collaboration: TEXTOR Team; ASDEX Upgrade Team
2014-02-12
Recent experiments on Ion Cyclotron Wall Conditioning (ICWC) performed in tokamaks TEXTOR and ASDEX Upgrade with standard ICRF antennas operated at fixed frequencies but variable toroidal magnetic field demonstrated rather contrasting parameters of ICWC discharge in scenarios with on-axis fundamental ion cyclotron resonance (ICR) for protons,?=?{sub H+}, and with its high cyclotron harmonics (HCH), ?=10?{sub cH+}? HCH scenario: very high antenna coupling to low density RF plasmas (P{sub pl}?0.9P{sub RF-G}) and low energy Maxwellian distribution of CX hydrogen atoms with temperature T{sub H}?350 eV. Fundamental ICR: lower antenna-plasma coupling efficiency (by factor of about 1.5 times) and generation of high energy non-Maxwellian CX hydrogen atoms (with local energy E{sub ?H} ?1.0 keV). In the present paper, we analyze the obtained experimental results numerically using (i) newly developed 0-D transport code describing the process of plasma production with electron and ion collisional ionization in helium-hydrogen gas mixture and (ii) earlier developed 1-D Dispersion Relation Solver accounting for finite temperature effects and collision absorption mechanisms for all plasma species in addition to conventionally examined Landau/TTPM damping for electrons and cyclotron absorption for ions. The numerical study of plasma production in helium with minor hydrogen content in low and high toroidal magnetic fields is presented. The investigation of the excitation, conversion and absorption of plasma waves as function of B{sub T}-field suggests that only fast waves (FW) may give a crucial impact on antenna coupling and characteristics of the ICWC discharge using standard poloidally polarized ICRF antennas designed to couple RF power mainly to FW. The collisional (non-resonant) absorption by electrons and ions and IC absorption by resonant ions of minor concentration in low T{sub e} plasmas is studied at fundamental ICR and its high harmonics.
${\\cal D}$-deformed harmonic oscillators
F. Bagarello; F. Gargano; D. Volpe
2014-12-30
We analyze systematically several deformations arising from two-dimensional harmonic oscillators which can be described in terms of $\\cal{D}$-pseudo bosons. They all give rise to exactly solvable models, described by non self-adjoint hamiltonians whose eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be found adopting the quite general framework of the so-called $\\cal{D}$-pseudo bosons. In particular, we show that several models previously introduced in the literature perfectly fit into this scheme.
Breuer, G D; Chow, J H; Lindh, C B; Miller, N W; Numrich, F H; Price, W W; Turner, A E; Whitney, R R
1982-09-01
Improved methods are needed to characterize ac system harmonic behavior for ac filter design for HVDC systems. The purpose of this General Electric Company RP1138 research is to evaluate the present filter design practice and to investigate methods for calculating system harmonic impedances. An overview of ac filter design for HVDC systems and a survey of literature related to filter design have been performed. Two methods for calculating system harmonic impedances have been investigated. In the measurement method, an instrumentation system for measuring system voltage and current has been assembled. Different schemes of using the measurements to calculate system harmonic impedances have been studied. In the analytical method, a procedure to include various operating conditions has been proposed. Computer programs for both methods have been prepared, and the results of the measurement and analytical methods analyzed. A conclusion of the project is that the measurement and analytical methods both provided reasonable results. There are correlations between the measured and analytical results for most harmonics, although there are discrepancies between the assumptions used in the two methods. A sensitivity approach has been proposed to further correlate the results. From the results of the analysis, it is recommended that both methods should be tested further. For the measurement method, more testing should be done to cover different system operating conditions. In the analytical method, more detailed models for representing system components should be studied. In addition, alternative statistical and sensitivity approaches should be attempted.
Repulsive Fermi gas in a harmonic trap: Ferromagnetism and spin textures L. J. LeBlanc,1
Thywissen, Joseph
textures that may be stabilized in a harmonic trapping potential at zero net magnetization. We find that this should lead to phase separation between the two spin species if the net magnetization is zero. A similar energy, its separate kinetic and interaction contributions, as well as the potential energy all depend
Tolbert, Leon M.
of solar cells are dc voltages, and if this energy is to be fed to into an ac power grid, a powerThe Use of Power Sums to Solve the Harmonic Elimination Equations for Multilevel Converters EPE electronic interface is required. A multilevel inverter is ideal for connecting such distributed dc energy
Zachary Lewis; Tatsu Takeuchi
2011-09-13
We analyze the position and momentum uncertainties of the energy eigenstates of the harmonic oscillator in the context of a deformed quantum mechanics, namely, that in which the commutator between the position and momentum operators is given by [x,p]=i\\hbar(1+\\beta p^2). This deformed commutation relation leads to the minimal length uncertainty relation \\Delta x > (\\hbar/2)(1/\\Delta p +\\beta\\Delta p), which implies that \\Delta x ~ 1/\\Delta p at small \\Delta p while \\Delta x ~ \\Delta p at large \\Delta p. We find that the uncertainties of the energy eigenstates of the normal harmonic oscillator (m>0), derived in Ref. [1], only populate the \\Delta x ~ 1/\\Delta p branch. The other branch, \\Delta x ~ \\Delta p, is found to be populated by the energy eigenstates of the `inverted' harmonic oscillator (m \\sqrt{2} [\\hbar^2/k|m|]^{1/4}. Correspondence with the classical limit is also discussed.
2008-01-01
technologies for high energy photon beam optics includingIII. BEAM OPTIC ELEMENTS FOR VERY HIGH ENERGY PHOTON BEAMS
Klystron-like cavity with mode transformation for high-harmonic terahertz gyrotrons
Bandurkin, I. V.; Kalynov, Yu. K. [Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhny Novgorod (Russian Federation); Savilov, A. V. [Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhny Novgorod (Russian Federation); Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod (Russian Federation)
2013-01-15
A novel cavity scheme of a gyrotron is proposed and investigated. As it provides low Ohmic losses and high mode selectivity, it can be especially prospective for realization in gyrotrons operating in the THz frequency range. Numerical simulations show that it allows three-fold increase in the efficiency of the low-relativistic 500 GHz fourth-harmonic gyrotron as compared to conventional two-section scheme with modes transformation.
Psikal, J., E-mail: jan.psikal@fjfi.cvut.cz [FNSPE, Czech Technical University in Prague, 11519 Prague (Czech Republic); Klimo, O. [FNSPE, Czech Technical University in Prague, 11519 Prague (Czech Republic); ELI-Beamlines Project, Institute of Physics of the ASCR, 18221 Prague (Czech Republic); Weber, S.; Margarone, D. [ELI-Beamlines Project, Institute of Physics of the ASCR, 18221 Prague (Czech Republic)
2014-07-15
The influence of laser frequency on laser-driven ion acceleration is investigated by means of two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations. When ultrashort intense laser pulse at higher harmonic frequency irradiates a thin solid foil, the target may become re lativistically transparent for significantly lower laser pulse intensity compared with irradiation at fundamental laser frequency. The relativistically induced transparency results in an enhanced heating of hot electrons as well as increased maximum energies of accelerated ions and their numbers. Our simulation results have shown the increase in maximum proton energy and increase in the number of high-energy protons by a factor of 2 after the interaction of an ultrashort laser pulse of maximum intensity 7?×?10{sup 21?}W/cm{sup 2} with a fully ionized plastic foil of realistic density and of optimal thickness between 100?nm and 200?nm when switching from the fundamental frequency to the third harmonics.
Thermal transport in out of equilibrium quantum harmonic chains
F. Nicacio; A. Ferraro; A. Imparato; M. Paternostro; F. L. Semiăo
2015-04-15
We address the problem of heat transport in a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators, exposed to the influences of local environments of various nature, stressing the effects that the specific nature of the environment has on the phenomenology of the transport process. We study in detail the behavior of thermodynamically relevant quantities such as heat currents and mean energies of the oscillators, establishing rigorous analytical conditions for the existence of a steady state, whose features we analyse carefully. In particular we assess the conditions that should be faced to recover trends reminiscent of the classical Fourier law of heat conduction and highlight how such a possibility depends on the environment linked to our system.
Viking Range: Order (2014-CE-23014)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
DOE ordered Viking Range, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Viking Range had failed to certify that certain models of cooking products comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.
American Range: Order (2014-CE-23006)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
DOE ordered American Range Corporation to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding American Range had failed to certify that certain models of cooking products comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.
Algal Supply System Design - Harmonized Version
Abodeely, Jared; Stevens, Daniel; Ray, Allison; Newby, Deborah; Schaller, Kastli
2013-03-01
The objective of this design report is to provide an assessment of current technologies used for production, dewatering, and converting microalgae cultivated in open-pond systems to biofuel. The original draft design was created in 2011 and has subsequently been brought into agreement with the DOE harmonized model. The design report extends beyond this harmonized model to discuss some of the challenges with assessing algal production systems, including the ability to (1) quickly assess alternative algal production system designs, (2) assess spatial and temporal variability, and (3) perform large-scale assessments considering multiple scenarios for thousands of potential sites. The Algae Logistics Model (ALM) was developed to address each of these limitations of current modeling efforts to enable assessment of the economic feasibility of algal production systems across the United States. The (ALM) enables (1) dynamic assessments using spatiotemporal conditions, (2) exploration of algal production system design configurations, (3) investigation of algal production system operating assumptions, and (4) trade-off assessments with technology decisions and operating assumptions. The report discusses results from the ALM, which is used to assess the baseline design determined by harmonization efforts between U.S. DOE national laboratories. Productivity and resource assessment data is provided by coupling the ALM with the Biomass Assessment Tool developed at PNNL. This high-fidelity data is dynamically passed to the ALM and used to help better understand the impacts of spatial and temporal constraints on algal production systems by providing a cost for producing extracted algal lipids annually for each potential site.
Numerical Verification of Bounce Harmonic Resonances in Neoclassical...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Numerical Verification of Bounce Harmonic Resonances in Neoclassical Toroidal Viscosity for Tokamaks Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Numerical Verification of Bounce...
Harmonic analysis of music using combinatory categorial grammar
Granroth-Wilding, Mark Thomas; Wilding, Mark Thomas Granroth
2013-11-28
Various patterns of the organization of Western tonal music exhibit hierarchical structure, among them the harmonic progressions underlying melodies and the metre underlying rhythmic patterns. Recognizing these structures ...
A Massively Parallel Solver for the Mechanical Harmonic Analysis...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Technical Report: A Massively Parallel Solver for the Mechanical Harmonic Analysis of Accelerator Cavities Citation Details In-Document Search Title: A Massively Parallel Solver...
Efficient dynamic synchronous machine simulation with harmonics
Haskew, T.A.; Stern, H.P.; Chen, Z. [Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering
1996-06-01
Within this paper, an efficient procedure for the dynamic simulation of faulted synchronous machines operating in the presence of harmonics is presented. The algorithm employs steady-state frequency domain techniques for simulation of the transmission system sequence networks and time domain methods for the synchronous machines represented in the odq frame of reference. The procedure affords greater accuracy than conventional fault analysis techniques based strictly on steady-state methods, yet requires far less computational time than full system dynamic simulations such as those using the EMTP.
Derrien, H.; Harvey, J.A.; Larson, N.M.; Leal, L.C.; Wright, R.Q.
2000-05-01
The average {sup 235}U neutron total cross sections were obtained in the energy range 2 keV to 330 keV from high-resolution transmission measurements of a 0.033 atom/b sample.1 The experimental data were corrected for the contribution of isotope impurities and for resonance self-shielding effects in the sample. The results are in very good agreement with the experimental data of Poenitz et al.4 in the energy range 40 keV to 330 keV and are the only available accurate experimental data in the energy range 2 keV to 40 keV. ENDF/B-VI evaluated data are 1.7% larger. The SAMMY/FITACS code 2 was used for a statistical model analysis of the total cross section, selected fission cross sections and data in the energy range 2 keV to 200 keV. SAMMY/FITACS is an extended version of SAMMY which allows consistent analysis of the experimental data in the resolved and unresolved resonance region. The Reich-Moore resonance parameters were obtained 3 from a SAMMY Bayesian fits of high resolution experimental neutron transmission and partial cross section data below 2.25 keV, and the corresponding average parameters and covariance data were used in the present work as input for the statistical model analysis of the high energy range of the experimental data. The result of the analysis shows that the average resonance parameters obtained from the analysis of the unresolved resonance region are consistent with those obtained in the resolved energy region. Another important result is that ENDF/B-VI capture cross section could be too small by more than 10% in the energy range 10 keV to 200 keV.
PACIFIC SOUTHWEST Forest and Range
of forest stands is valuable for studies of the physical environment. Energy balance research centers on howPACIFIC SOUTHWEST Forest and Range Experiment Station FOREST SERVICE U.S. DEPARTMENT in relation to climatic and stand variables USDA FOREST SERVICE RESEARCH PAPER PSW- 71 /1971 #12;CONTENTS
Probing deformed commutators with macroscopic harmonic oscillators
Mateusz Bawaj; Ciro Biancofiore; Michele Bonaldi; Federica Bonfigli; Antonio Borrielli; Giovanni Di Giuseppe; Lorenzo Marconi; Francesco Marino; Riccardo Natali; Antonio Pontin; Giovanni A. Prodi; Enrico Serra; David Vitali; Francesco Marin
2015-08-25
A minimal observable length is a common feature of theories that aim to merge quantum physics and gravity. Quantum mechanically, this concept is associated to a nonzero minimal uncertainty in position measurements, which is encoded in deformed commutation relations. In spite of increasing theoretical interest, the subject suffers from the complete lack of dedicated experiments and bounds to the deformation parameters are roughly extrapolated from indirect measurements. As recently proposed, low-energy mechanical oscillators could allow to reveal the effect of a modified commutator. Here we analyze the free evolution of high quality factor micro- and nano-oscillators, spanning a wide range of masses around the Planck mass $m_{\\mathrm{P}}$ (${\\approx 22\\,\\mu\\mathrm{g}}$), and compare it with a model of deformed dynamics. Previous limits to the parameters quantifying the commutator deformation are substantially lowered.
N. J. S. Loft; A. S. Dehkharghani; N. P. Mehta; A. G. Volosniev; N. T. Zinner
2015-03-10
We study a three-body system with zero-range interactions in a one-dimensional harmonic trap. The system consists of two spin-polarized fermions and a third particle which is distinct from two others (2+1 system). First we assume that the particles have equal masses. For this case the system in the strongly and weakly interacting limits can be accurately described using wave function factorized in hyperspherical coordinates. Inspired by this result we propose an interpolation ansatz for the wave function for arbitrary repulsive zero-range interactions. By comparison to numerical calculations, we show that this interpolation scheme yields an extremely good approximation to the numerically exact solution both in terms of the energies and also in the spin-resolved densities. As an outlook, we discuss the case of mass imbalanced systems in the strongly interacting limit. Here we find spectra that demonstrate that the triply degenerate spectrum at infinite coupling strength of the equal mass case is in some sense a singular case as this degeneracy will be broken down to a doubly degenerate or non-degenerate ground state by any small mass imbalance.
Energy Transport in Weakly Anharmonic Chains
Kenichiro Aoki; Jani Lukkarinen; Herbert Spohn
2006-02-05
We investigate the energy transport in a one-dimensional lattice of oscillators with a harmonic nearest neighbor coupling and a harmonic plus quartic on-site potential. As numerically observed for particular coupling parameters before, and confirmed by our study, such chains satisfy Fourier's law: a chain of length N coupled to thermal reservoirs at both ends has an average steady state energy current proportional to 1/N. On the theoretical level we employ the Peierls transport equation for phonons and note that beyond a mere exchange of labels it admits nondegenerate phonon collisions. These collisions are responsible for a finite heat conductivity. The predictions of kinetic theory are compared with molecular dynamics simulations. In the range of weak anharmonicity, respectively low temperatures, reasonable agreement is observed.
Campo, V. L. Jr.; Capelle, K.
2005-12-15
We construct the complete U-{mu} phase diagram for harmonically confined ultracold fermionic atoms with repulsive and attractive interactions({mu} is the chemical potential and U the interaction strength). Our approach is based on density-functional theory, and employs analytical expressions for the kinetic and correlation energy functionals, permitting us to obtain closed expressions for all phase boundaries and characteristic lines of the phase diagram, both for repulsive and attractive interactions.
Analysis and Control of Period-Doubling Bifurcation in Buck Converters Using Harmonic Balance
Chung-Chieh Fang; Eyad H. Abed
2012-10-27
Period doubling bifurcation in buck converters is studied by using the harmonic balance method. A simple dynamic model of a buck converter in continuous conduction mode under voltage mode or current mode control is derived. This model consists of the feedback connection of a linear system and a nonlinear one. An exact harmonic balance analysis is used to obtain a necessary and sufficient condition for a period doubling bifurcation to occur. If such a bifurcation occurs, the analysis also provides information on its exact location. Using the condition for bifurcation, a feedforward control is designed to eliminate the period doubling bifurcation. This results in a wider range of allowed source voltage, and also in improved line regulation.
Wide tracking range, auto ranging, low jitter phase lock loop for swept and fixed frequency systems
Kerner, Thomas M. (Manorville, NY)
2001-01-01
The present invention provides a wide tracking range phase locked loop (PLL) circuit that achieves minimal jitter in a recovered clock signal, regardless of the source of the jitter (i.e. whether it is in the source or the transmission media). The present invention PLL has automatic harmonic lockout detection circuitry via a novel lock and seek control logic in electrical communication with a programmable frequency discriminator and a code balance detector. (The frequency discriminator enables preset of a frequency window of upper and lower frequency limits to derive a programmable range within which signal acquisition is effected. The discriminator works in combination with the code balance detector circuit to minimize the sensitivity of the PLL circuit to random data in the data stream). In addition, the combination of a differential loop integrator with the lock and seek control logic obviates a code preamble and guarantees signal acquisition without harmonic lockup. An adaptive cable equalizer is desirably used in combination with the present invention PLL to recover encoded transmissions containing a clock and/or data. The equalizer automatically adapts to equalize short haul cable lengths of coaxial and twisted pair cables or wires and provides superior jitter performance itself. The combination of the equalizer with the present invention PLL is desirable in that such combination permits the use of short haul wires without significant jitter.
DIRAC-HARMONIC MAPS FROM INDEX THEORY BERND AMMANN AND NICOLAS GINOUX
Ammann, Bernd
DIRAC-HARMONIC MAPS FROM INDEX THEORY BERND AMMANN AND NICOLAS GINOUX Abstract. We prove existence results for Dirac-harmonic maps using index theoretical tools is a harmonic map. Contents 1. Introduction
Harmonic tori in symmetric spaces and commuting Hamiltonian systems on loop algebras
Harmonic tori in symmetric spaces and commuting Hamiltonian Introduction Background The study of harmonic maps of compact Riemann surfaces into symmetric spaces ca surfaces are (conformal) harmonic maps while constant mean* * curvature surfaces, constant Gauss curvature
Labial Harmonic Shift in Kazakh: Mapping the Pathways and Motivations for Decay
McCollum, Adam G
2015-01-01
307 Labial Harmonic Shift in Kazakh: Mapping the Pathwayson Phonology. Labial Harmonic Shift in Kazakh Harrison, K.pp. 603-650. Labial Harmonic Shift in Kazakh Walker, Rachel
Design study of the bending sections between harmonic cascade FEL stages
Wan, Weishi; Corlett, John; Fawley, William; Zholents, A.
2004-01-01
A XUV/Soft X-Ray Harmonic- Cascade FEL for the Proposed LBNLin a Cascaded Harmonic FEL CBP Tech Note-281, Februarybetween Harmonic Cascade FEL Stages W. Wan, J. Corlett, W.
Partition Function of the Harmonic Oscillator on a Noncommutative Plane
I. Jabbari; A. Jahan; Z. Riazi
2015-07-07
We derive the partition function of the one-body and two-body systems of classical noncommutative harmonic oscillator in two dimensions. Then, we employ the path integral approach to the quantum noncommutative harmonic oscillator and derive the partition function of the both systems at finite temperature.
Fourier's Law for a Harmonic Crystal with Selfconsistent Stochastic Reservoirs
Roma "La Sapienza", Universitŕ di
Fourier's Law for a Harmonic Crystal with Selfconsistent Stochastic Reservoirs Federico Bonetto. The corresponding heat cur rent satisfies Fourier's law with a finite positive thermal conductivity which can also words: Fourier's law; harmonic crystal; nonequilibrium systems; ther modynamic limit; Green
Second-harmonic generation in nonlinear left-handed metamaterials
Second-harmonic generation in nonlinear left-handed metamaterials Ilya V. Shadrivov, Alexander A August 21, 2005 We study the second-harmonic generation (SHG) in left-handed metamaterials that this novel parametric process can convert a surface of the left-handed metamaterial into an effective mirror
Enhancing tidal harmonic analysis: Robust (hybrid L1 ) solutions
Hickey, Barbara
Enhancing tidal harmonic analysis: Robust (hybrid L1 =L2 ) solutions Keith E. Leffler Ă, David A 24 February 2008 Accepted 28 April 2008 Keywords: Tides Tidal analysis Harmonic analysis Robust is calculated from the power spectrum of the residual, a calculation that filters broad spectrum noise
Second harmonic electromagnetic emission via Langmuir wave coalescence
Melrose, Don
constraints.8 The theory of nonlinear three-wave processes to explain fundamental and second harmonic emissionSecond harmonic electromagnetic emission via Langmuir wave coalescence A. J. Willes, P. A. Robinson 1995 The coalescence of Langmuir waves to produce electromagnetic waves at twice the plasma frequency
Harmonic Volumetric Mapping for Solid Modeling Applications Xiaohu Guo
Li, Xin "Shane"
Harmonic Volumetric Mapping for Solid Modeling Applications Xin Li SBU Xiaohu Guo UT Dallas Hongyu volumetric mapping from a solid polycube model(a) to the solid Buddha model(b). (c) is the color with corresponding cross-sections in (f) and (h), respectively. Abstract Harmonic volumetric mapping for two solid
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
As clean energy increasingly becomes part of the national dialogue, lenders, utilities, and lawmakers need the most comprehensive and accurate information on GHG emissions from various sources of energy to inform policy, planning, and investment decisions. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) recently led the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Harmonization Project, a study that gives decision makers and investors more precise estimates of life cycle GHG emissions for renewable and conventional generation, clarifying inconsistent and conflicting estimates in the published literature, and reducing uncertainty.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
As clean energy increasingly becomes part of the national dialogue, lenders, utilities, and lawmakers need the most comprehensive and accurate information on GHG emissions from various sources of energy to inform policy, planning, and investment decisions. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) recently led the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Harmonization Project, a study that gives decision makers and investors more precise estimates of life cycle GHG emissions for renewable and conventional generation, clarifying inconsistent and conflicting estimates in the published literature, and reducing uncertainty.
Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Utility-Scale Wind Power: Systematic Review and Harmonization
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
As clean energy increasingly becomes part of the national dialogue, lenders, utilities, and lawmakers need the most comprehensive and accurate information on GHG emissions from various sources of energy to inform policy, planning, and investment decisions. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) recently led the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Harmonization Project, a study that gives decision makers and investors more precise estimates of life cycle GHG emissions for renewable and conventional generation, clarifying inconsistent and conflicting estimates in the published literature, and reducing uncertainty.
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
As clean energy increasingly becomes part of the national dialogue, lenders, utilities, and lawmakers need the most comprehensive and accurate information on GHG emissions from various sources of energy to inform policy, planning, and investment decisions. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) recently led the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Harmonization Project, a study that gives decision makers and investors more precise estimates of life cycle GHG emissions for renewable and conventional generation, clarifying inconsistent and conflicting estimates in the published literature, and reducing uncertainty.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
As clean energy increasingly becomes part of the national dialogue, lenders, utilities, and lawmakers need the most comprehensive and accurate information on GHG emissions from various sources of energy to inform policy, planning, and investment decisions. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) recently led the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Harmonization Project, a study that gives decision makers and investors more precise estimates of life cycle GHG emissions for renewable and conventional generation, clarifying inconsistent and conflicting estimates in the published literature, and reducing uncertainty.
Zare, Richard N.
Collision energy dependence of the HD,, Ä2... product rotational distribution of the HżD2 reaction of the collision energy dependence of the HD( 2,j ) rotational product state distribution for the H D2 reaction26 to probe the products of the reaction. Recently, we measured the energy dependence of the HD( 3,j ) product
Soft Harmonic Masks for Recognising Speech in the Presence of a Competing Andre Coy and Jon Barker
Barker, Jon
energy cannot be reliably labelled as either one source or the other. This typically happens whenSoft Harmonic Masks for Recognising Speech in the Presence of a Competing Speaker Andr´e Coy of recognising speech in the presence of a competing speaker. It uses a two stage `Speech Fragment Decoding
Yannouleas, Constantine
Crystalline Boson Phases in Harmonic Traps: Beyond the Gross-Pitaevskii Mean Field Igor Romanovsky-Pitaevskii (GP) solution. The bosons localize and form polygonal-ringlike crystalline patterns, both-probability-distribution analysis. For neutral bosons, the total energy of the crystalline phase saturates in contrast to the GP
Fridley, David; Lin, Jiang; Denver, Andrea; Biermayer, Peter; Dillavou, Tyler
2005-07-20
This report examines critical differences among energy-efficient labeling programs for CFLs in Brazil, China, the United States, and the seven members of the international Efficient Lighting Initiative (ELI) in terms of technical specifications and test procedures, and review issues related to international harmonization of these standards.
Moiseyev, Nimrod
Amplification of high-order harmonics using weak perturbative high-frequency radiation Avner and the semiclassical recollision model. According to the Floquet analysis, the high-frequency field induces transitions to the emission of high-energy photons with frequencies extending into the ex- treme ultraviolet XUV and x
Martin, Jan M.L.
First principles computation of thermochemical properties beyond the harmonic approximation. I of thermochemical data for molecules and reactions hardly needs to be stressed. Compilations like the JANAF tables' list free energy functions, entropies, enthalpies, and molar heats as a function of temperature from
Property:Wave Period Range(s) | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration Jump to:SpatialResolution JumpTypesUtilityWas
Tilli, Andrea; Conficoni, Christian
2011-01-01
In this chapter some results related to Shunt Active Filters (SAFs) and obtained by the authors and some coauthors are reported. SAFs are complex power electronics equipments adopted to compensate for cur-rent harmonic pollution in electric mains, due to nonlinear loads. By using a proper "floating" capacitor as energy reservoir, the SAF purpose is to inject in the line grid currents canceling the polluting har-monics. Control algorithms play a key role for such devices and, in general, in many power electronics applications. Moreover, systems theory is crucial, since it is the mathematical tool that enables a deep understanding of the involved dynamics of such systems, allowing a correct dimensioning, beside an effective control. As a matter of facts, current injection objective can be straightforwardly formulated as an output tracking control problem. In this fashion, the structural and insidious marginally-stable internal/zero dynamics of SAFs can be immediately highlighted and characterized in terms of si...
Whitaker, M.; Heath, G. A.; O'Donoughue, P.; Vorum, M.
2012-04-01
This systematic review and harmonization of life cycle assessments (LCAs) of utility-scale coal-fired electricity generation systems focuses on reducing variability and clarifying central tendencies in estimates of life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Screening 270 references for quality LCA methods, transparency, and completeness yielded 53 that reported 164 estimates of life cycle GHG emissions. These estimates for subcritical pulverized, integrated gasification combined cycle, fluidized bed, and supercritical pulverized coal combustion technologies vary from 675 to 1,689 grams CO{sub 2}-equivalent per kilowatt-hour (g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh) (interquartile range [IQR]= 890-1,130 g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh; median = 1,001) leading to confusion over reasonable estimates of life cycle GHG emissions from coal-fired electricity generation. By adjusting published estimates to common gross system boundaries and consistent values for key operational input parameters (most importantly, combustion carbon dioxide emission factor [CEF]), the meta-analytical process called harmonization clarifies the existing literature in ways useful for decision makers and analysts by significantly reducing the variability of estimates ({approx}53% in IQR magnitude) while maintaining a nearly constant central tendency ({approx}2.2% in median). Life cycle GHG emissions of a specific power plant depend on many factors and can differ from the generic estimates generated by the harmonization approach, but the tightness of distribution of harmonized estimates across several key coal combustion technologies implies, for some purposes, first-order estimates of life cycle GHG emissions could be based on knowledge of the technology type, coal mine emissions, thermal efficiency, and CEF alone without requiring full LCAs. Areas where new research is necessary to ensure accuracy are also discussed.
Harmonic Superspace Gaugeon Formalism for the ABJM Theory
Mir Faizal
2012-07-12
In this paper we will analyse the ABJM theory in harmonic superspace. The harmonic superspace variables will be parameterized by the coset $SU(2)/U(1)$ and thus will have manifest $\\mathcal{N} =3$ supersymmetry. We will study the quantum gauge transformations and the BRST transformations of this theory in gaugeon formalism. We will use this BRST symmetry to project out the physical sub-space from the total Hilbert space. We will also show that the evolution of the $\\mathcal{S}$-matrix is unitary for this ABJM theory in harmonic superspace.
Generalized Harmonic Equations in 3+1 Form
J. David Brown
2011-11-29
The generalized harmonic equations of general relativity are written in 3+1 form. The result is a system of partial differential equations with first order time and second order space derivatives for the spatial metric, extrinsic curvature, lapse function and shift vector, plus fields that represent the time derivatives of the lapse and shift. This allows for a direct comparison between the generalized harmonic and the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner formulations. The 3+1 generalized harmonic equations are also written in terms of conformal variables and compared to the Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura equations with moving puncture gauge conditions.
High order harmonic generation in dual gas multi-jets
Tosa, Valer E-mail: calin.hojbota@itim-cj.ro; Hojbota, Calin E-mail: calin.hojbota@itim-cj.ro
2013-11-13
High order harmonic generation (HHG) in gas media suffers from a low conversion efficiency that has its origins in the interaction of the atom/molecule with the laser field. Phase matching is the main way to enhance the harmonic flux and several solutions have been designed to achieve it. Here we present numerical results modeling HHG in a system of multi-jets in which two gases alternate: the first gas jet (for example Ne) generates harmonics and the second one which ionizes easier, recover the phase matching condition. We obtain configurations which are experimentally feasible with respect to pressures and dimensions of the jets.
Andolsun, S.; Culp, C.
2008-01-01
EnergyPlus (EPlus) is becoming widely used for building simulation. Previous studies have compared the performance of EPlus with other simulation programs including DOE-2 for a variety of cases. These studies identified the different results...
Vasquez, Juan Carlos
ECENTLY, microgrids have been taken more attention in the power electronics research community due, a microgrid is defined as a group of distributed generators and energy storage systems which could operate, if the grid power quality is not good, the Microgrid Central Controller can decide to disconnect
1980-12-01
The changes in generating capacity projected for 1980 to 1989 are summarized. Tabulated data provide summaries to the information on projected generating unit construction, retirements, and changes, in several different categories and groupings. The new generating units to be completed by the end of 1989 total 699, representing 259,490 megawatts. This total includes 10 wind power and one fuel cell installations totaling 48.5 MW to be completed by the end of 1989. There are 321 units totaling 13,222 MW to be retired. There are capacity changes due to upratings and deratings. Summary data are presented for: total requirement for electric energy generation for 1985; hydroelectric energy production for 1985; nuclear energy production for 1985; geothermal and other energy production for 1985; approximate non-fossil generation for 1985; range of fossil energy requirements for 1985; actual fossil energy sources 1974 to 1979; estimated range of fossil fuel requirements for 1985; coal capacity available in 1985; and computation of fuel use in 1985. Power plant capacity factors are presented. Extensive data on proposed generating capacity changes by individual units in the 9 Regional Electric Reliability Councils are presented.
Marlin, J.M.; Cunniff, R.; McDevitt, P.; Nowotny, K.; O'Dea, P.
1981-01-01
The work accomplished from August 1978 to February 1980 in the Regional Operations Research efforts for the Rocky Mountain Basin and Range Geothermal Commercialization Program are described. The work included continued data acquisition and extension of the data base, enhancement and refinement of the economic models for electric and direct use applications, site-specific and aggregated analyses in support of the state teams and special analyses in support of several federal agencies.
Harmonic Load Pull of High-Power Microwave Devices using Fundamental-Only Load Pull Tuners
Popovic, Zoya
Harmonic Load Pull of High-Power Microwave Devices using Fundamental-Only Load Pull Tuners John-frequency load pull tuners. Harmonic impedance control at the virtual drain is accomplished through the use the dramatic impact of varying 2nd harmonic termination. A 3rd harmonic termination is added to satisfy
Time-frequency analysis and Harmonic Gaussian Functions
Tokiniaina Ranaivoson; Raoelina Andriambololona; Rakotoson Hanitriarivo
2013-08-08
A method for time-frequency analysis is given. The approach utilizes properties of Gaussian distribution, properties of Hermite polynomials and Fourier analysis. We begin by the definitions of a set of functions called harmonic Gaussian functions. Then these functions are used to define a set of transformations,noted T_n, which associate to a function {\\psi},of the time variable t, a set of functions {\\Psi}_n which depend on time, frequency and frequency (or time) standard deviation. Some properties of the transformations T_n and the functions {\\Psi}_n are given. It is proved in particular that the square of the modulus of each function {\\Psi}_n can be interpreted as a representation of the energy distribution of the signal, represented by the function {\\psi}, in the time-frequency plane for a given value of the frequency (or time) standard deviation. It is also shown that the function {\\psi}, can be recovered from the functions{\\Psi}_n.
Harmonic Image Reconstruction Assisted by a Nonlinear Metmaterial Surface
Wang, Zhiyu
We experimentally demonstrate a microwave far-field image reconstruction modality with the transverse resolution exceeding the diffraction limit by using a single layer of highly nonlinear metamaterial. The harmonic fields ...
Classification of Certain Compact Riemannian Manifolds with Harmonic Curvature a...
Derdzinski, Andrzej
Classification of Certain Compact Riemannian Manifolds with Harmonic Curvature a... Derdzinski and University Library provides access to digitized documents strictly for noncommercial educational, research) requires prior written permission from the Goettingen State- and University Library. Each copy of any part
The Globally Harmonized System for Hazard Communication (GHS)
Capogna, Luca
The Globally Harmonized System for Hazard Communication (GHS) University of Arkansas Facilities groups. · GHS is based on major existing systems around the world, including OSHA's Hazard Communication to hazard communication, providing agreed upon criteria for classification of chemical hazards
Conversion efficiency, scaling and global optimization of high harmonic generation
Falcao-Filho, Edilson L.
Closed form expressions for the high harmonic generation (HHG) conversion efficiency in the plateau and cut-off region are derived showing agreement with previous observations. Application of these results to optimal ...
Harmonization - Two Years' of Transportation Regulation Lessons Learned
Colborn, K.
2007-07-01
The U.S. Department of Transportation issued modifications to the Hazardous Materials Regulations in October, 2004 as part of an ongoing effort to 'harmonize' U.S. regulations with those of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The harmonization effort had several predictable effects on low level radioactive materials shipment that were anticipated even prior to their implementation. However, after two years' experience with the new regulations, transporters have identified several effects on transportation which were not entirely apparent when the regulations were first implemented. This paper presents several case studies in the transportation of low level radioactive materials since the harmonization rules took effect. In each case, an analysis of the challenge posed by the regulatory revision is provided. In some cases, more than one strategy for compliance was considered, and the advantages and disadvantages of each are discussed. In several cases, regulatory interpretations were sought and obtained, and these are presented to clarify the legitimacy of the compliance approach. The presentation of interpretations will be accompanied by reports of clarifying discussions with the U.S. DOT about the interpretation and scope of the regulatory change. Specific transportation issues raised by the revised hazardous materials regulations are reviewed, including: The new definition of radioactive material in accordance with isotope-specific concentration and total activity limits. The new hazardous materials regulations (HMR) created a new definition for radioactive material. A case study is presented for soils contaminated with low levels of Th-230. These soils had been being shipped for years as exempt material under the old 2,000 pCi/g concentration limit. Under the new HMR, these same soils were radioactive material. Further, in rail-car quantities their activity exceeded an A2 value, so shipment of the material in gondolas appeared to require an IP-2 package. Interpretations, discussions, and an exemption were obtained to secure the continued shipment of this material. A provision to allow 'natural' radioactive materials to be exempt from the requirements of the HMR at up to 10x the listed isotopic concentrations. The revised HMR exempts certain natural materials and ores from regulation as radioactive material at concentrations up to 10x that allowed if the materials are not natural. The term 'natural' is not well defined, and initial attempts to qualify for this exemption were thwarted by concerns over what degree of material processing, if any, materials could experience and still be considered 'natural'. The presentation includes an example from a project involving post-processed tungsten ore, and includes interpretations from the US DOT as well as clarifying language from current and drafted IAEA regulation and guidance. New packaging descriptions allowing the use of cargo containers as IP-2 and IP-3 packages in some applications. The revised HMR provides an alternate certification procedure under which standard cargo containers can be used as IP-2 and IP-3 containers. There has been some confusion about how this high level of certification can apply to standard cargo containers when other sections of the regulations make this certification available only to considerably more stout containers after rigorous testing. The discussion includes interpretive guidance from the US DOT, and from the UK Department of Transport clarifying the same provision in IAEA regulations. A new definition of contamination with apparently broad impact on the shipment of empty containers and conveyances. The revised HMR presented a definition of contamination not referenced by any other part of the HMR. The preamble to the revised HMR provides confusing guidance on the application of the definition to shipment of empty containers, and subsequent interpretive guidance letters appear to conflict with the preamble as well as with each other. The definition also has the effect of regulating materials for transport as radioactive even when US
Not Available
1993-11-01
The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (P.L. 94-163), as amended, establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. DOE is currently considering amending standards for seven types of products: water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, pool heaters, room air conditioners, kitchen ranges and ovens (including microwave ovens), and fluorescent light ballasts and is considering establishing standards for television sets. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data, and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of the proposed standards. This volume presents a general description of the analytic approach, including the structure of the major models.
Harmonic generation of gravitational wave induced Alfven waves
Mats Forsberg; Gert Brodin
2007-11-26
Here we consider the nonlinear evolution of Alfven waves that have been excited by gravitational waves from merging binary pulsars. We derive a wave equation for strongly nonlinear and dispersive Alfven waves. Due to the weak dispersion of the Alfven waves, significant wave steepening can occur, which in turn implies strong harmonic generation. We find that the harmonic generation is saturated due to dispersive effects, and use this to estimate the resulting spectrum. Finally we discuss the possibility of observing the above process.
Action Principle for the Generalized Harmonic Formulation of General Relativity
J. David Brown
2011-09-07
An action principle for the generalized harmonic formulation of general relativity is presented. The action is a functional of the spacetime metric and the gauge source vector. An action principle for the Z4 formulation of general relativity has been proposed recently by Bona, Bona--Casas and Palenzuela (BBP). The relationship between the generalized harmonic action and the BBP action is discussed in detail.
Harmonic lattice behavior of two-dimensional colloidal crystals
P. Keim; G. Maret; U. Herz; H. H. von Grünberg
2004-02-17
Using positional data from video-microscopy and applying the equipartition theorem for harmonic Hamiltonians, we determine the wave-vector-dependent normal mode spring constants of a two-dimensional colloidal model crystal and compare the measured band-structure to predictions of the harmonic lattice theory. We find good agreement for both the transversal and the longitudinal mode. For $q\\to 0$, the measured spring constants are consistent with the elastic moduli of the crystal.
T. Jenke; G. Cronenberg; P. Geltenbort; A. N. Ivanov; T. Lauer; T. Lins; U. Schmidt; H. Saul; H. Abele
2012-08-19
The evidence for the observation of the Higgs spin-0-boson as a manifestation of a scalar field provides the missing corner stone for the standard model of particles (SM). However, the SM fails to explain the non-visible but gravitationally active part of the universe. Its nature is unknown but the confirmation of a scalar Higgs is giving a boost to scalar-field-theories. So far gravity experiments and observations performed at different distances find no deviation from Newton's gravity law. Therefore dark energy must possess a screening mechanism which suppresses the scalar-mediated fifth force. Our line of attack is a novel gravity experiment with neutrons based on a quantum interference technique. The spectroscopic measurement of quantum states on resonances with an external coupling makes this a powerful search for dark matter and dark energy contributions in the universe. Quantum states in the gravity potential are intimately related to other scalar field or spin-0-bosons if they exist. If the reason is that some undiscovered particle interact with a neutron, this results in a measurable energy shift of quantum states in the gravity potential, because for neutrons the screening effect is absent. We use Gravity Resonance Spectroscopy to measure the energy splitting at the highest level of precision, providing a constraint on any possible new interaction. We obtain a sensitivity of 10^-14 eV. We set an experimental limit on any fifth force, in particular on parameter \\beta<2x10^9 at n=3 for the scalar chameleon field, which is improved by a factor of 100 compared to our previous experiment and five orders of magnitude better than from precision tests of atomic spectra. The pseudoscalar axion coupling is constrained to gsgp/\\hbar c<3x10^-16 at 20\\mu m, which is an improvement by a factor of 30. These results indicate that gravity is understood at this improved level of precision.
Michael Coughlin; Jan Harms
2014-10-11
In this paper, we describe an analysis of Apollo era lunar seismic data that places an upper limit on an isotropic stochastic gravitational-wave background integrated over a year in the frequency range 0.1\\,Hz -- 1\\,Hz. We find that because the Moon's ambient noise background is much quieter than that of the Earth, significant improvements over an Earth based analysis were made. We find an upper limit of $\\Omega_{\\rm GW}<1.2\\times 10^{5}$, which is three orders of magnitude smaller than a similar analysis of a global network of broadband seismometers on Earth and the best limits in this band to date. We also discuss the benefits of a potential Earth-Moon correlation search and compute the time-dependent overlap reduction function required for such an analysis. For this search, we find an upper limit an order of magnitude larger than the Moon-Moon search.
Coughlin, Michael
2014-01-01
In this paper, we describe an analysis of Apollo era lunar seismic data that places an upper limit on an isotropic stochastic gravitational-wave background integrated over a year in the frequency range 0.1\\,Hz -- 1\\,Hz. We find that because the Moon's ambient noise background is much quieter than that of the Earth, significant improvements over an Earth based analysis were made. We find an upper limit of $\\Omega_{\\rm GW}<1.2\\times 10^{5}$, which is three orders of magnitude smaller than a similar analysis of a global network of broadband seismometers on Earth and the best limits in this band to date. We also discuss the benefits of a potential Earth-Moon correlation search and compute the time-dependent overlap reduction function required for such an analysis. For this search, we find an upper limit an order of magnitude larger than the Moon-Moon search.
Regional cooperation in energy efficiency standard-setting and labeling in North America
Wiel, Stephen; Van Wie McGrory, Laura
2003-01-01
power, and nuclear energy. This cooperative process fullycooperative attempts at harmonization. Acknowledgement This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy
McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)
1998-01-01
A "laser tape measure" for measuring distance which includes a transmitter such as a laser diode which transmits a sequence of electromagnetic pulses in response to a transmit timing signal. A receiver samples reflections from objects within the field of the sequence of visible electromagnetic pulses with controlled timing, in response to a receive timing signal. The receiver generates a sample signal in response to the samples which indicates distance to the object causing the reflections. The timing circuit supplies the transmit timing signal to the transmitter and supplies the receive timing signal to the receiver. The receive timing signal causes the receiver to sample the reflection such that the time between transmission of pulses in the sequence in sampling by the receiver sweeps over a range of delays. The transmit timing signal causes the transmitter to transmit the sequence of electromagnetic pulses at a pulse repetition rate, and the received timing signal sweeps over the range of delays in a sweep cycle such that reflections are sampled at the pulse repetition rate and with different delays in the range of delays, such that the sample signal represents received reflections in equivalent time. The receiver according to one aspect of the invention includes an avalanche photodiode and a sampling gate coupled to the photodiode which is responsive to the received timing signal. The transmitter includes a laser diode which supplies a sequence of visible electromagnetic pulses. A bright spot projected on to the target clearly indicates the point that is being measured, and the user can read the range to that point with precision of better than 0.1%.
McEwan, T.E.
1998-06-16
A ``laser tape measure`` for measuring distance is disclosed which includes a transmitter such as a laser diode which transmits a sequence of electromagnetic pulses in response to a transmit timing signal. A receiver samples reflections from objects within the field of the sequence of visible electromagnetic pulses with controlled timing, in response to a receive timing signal. The receiver generates a sample signal in response to the samples which indicates distance to the object causing the reflections. The timing circuit supplies the transmit timing signal to the transmitter and supplies the receive timing signal to the receiver. The receive timing signal causes the receiver to sample the reflection such that the time between transmission of pulses in the sequence in sampling by the receiver sweeps over a range of delays. The transmit timing signal causes the transmitter to transmit the sequence of electromagnetic pulses at a pulse repetition rate, and the received timing signal sweeps over the range of delays in a sweep cycle such that reflections are sampled at the pulse repetition rate and with different delays in the range of delays, such that the sample signal represents received reflections in equivalent time. The receiver according to one aspect of the invention includes an avalanche photodiode and a sampling gate coupled to the photodiode which is responsive to the received timing signal. The transmitter includes a laser diode which supplies a sequence of visible electromagnetic pulses. A bright spot projected on to the target clearly indicates the point that is being measured, and the user can read the range to that point with precision of better than 0.1%. 7 figs.
Biswanath Rath
2015-02-27
We notice that PT symmetric non-Hermitian one dimensional simple Harmonic Oscillator under simultaneous transformation of co-ordinate and momentum with proper selection of wave function can also reflect real negative energy eigen spectra provided the associated wave function is well behaved, square integrable and normalised to unity. PACS: 03.65Db, 11.30.Pb, 11.30.Er, 03.65-w Key words: P T symmetry, Non-Hermitian Harmonic oscillator, Negative energy, wave function, simultaneous transformation, co-ordinate, momentum. Perturbation theory.
Rioux, Frank
The Harmonic Oscillator and the Uncertainty Principle In atomic units the wave function in coordinate space for an harmonic oscillator with reduced mass, , equal to one and force constant k is given occurs in the simple harmonic oscillator. The classical turning point is that position at which the total
Kung, Andy
Numerical Analysis of Fifth-Harmonic Conversion of Low-Power Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser with Resonance of Second Harmonic Lien-Bee CHANG1Ă , S. C. WANG1 and A. H. KUNG1;2 1 Institute of Electro March 13, 2003) A model for the fifth-harmonic generation of pulsed IR lasers involving an external ring
Brain Surface Conformal Mapping and Brain VolumetricBrain Surface Conformal Mapping and Brain Volumetric Harmonic Map withHarmonic Map with VariationalVariational MethodsMethods YalinYalin WangWang11 to the cortical surface matching problem. We further extended the algorithm to find a 3D volumetric harmonic map
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
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Range gated strip proximity sensor
McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)
1996-01-01
A range gated strip proximity sensor uses one set of sensor electronics and a distributed antenna or strip which extends along the perimeter to be sensed. A micro-power RF transmitter is coupled to the first end of the strip and transmits a sequence of RF pulses on the strip to produce a sensor field along the strip. A receiver is coupled to the second end of the strip, and generates a field reference signal in response to the sequence of pulse on the line combined with received electromagnetic energy from reflections in the field. The sensor signals comprise pulses of radio frequency signals having a duration of less than 10 nanoseconds, and a pulse repetition rate on the order of 1 to 10 MegaHertz or less. The duration of the radio frequency pulses is adjusted to control the range of the sensor. An RF detector feeds a filter capacitor in response to received pulses on the strip line to produce a field reference signal representing the average amplitude of the received pulses. When a received pulse is mixed with a received echo, the mixing causes a fluctuation in the amplitude of the field reference signal, providing a range-limited Doppler type signature of a field disturbance.
Range gated strip proximity sensor
McEwan, T.E.
1996-12-03
A range gated strip proximity sensor uses one set of sensor electronics and a distributed antenna or strip which extends along the perimeter to be sensed. A micro-power RF transmitter is coupled to the first end of the strip and transmits a sequence of RF pulses on the strip to produce a sensor field along the strip. A receiver is coupled to the second end of the strip, and generates a field reference signal in response to the sequence of pulse on the line combined with received electromagnetic energy from reflections in the field. The sensor signals comprise pulses of radio frequency signals having a duration of less than 10 nanoseconds, and a pulse repetition rate on the order of 1 to 10 MegaHertz or less. The duration of the radio frequency pulses is adjusted to control the range of the sensor. An RF detector feeds a filter capacitor in response to received pulses on the strip line to produce a field reference signal representing the average amplitude of the received pulses. When a received pulse is mixed with a received echo, the mixing causes a fluctuation in the amplitude of the field reference signal, providing a range-limited Doppler type signature of a field disturbance. 6 figs.
Harmonic oscillator in twisted Moyal plane: eigenvalue problem and relevant properties
Mahouton Norbert Hounkonnou; Dine Ousmane Samary
2010-08-07
The paper reports on a study of a harmonic oscillator (ho) in the twisted Moyal space, in a well defined matrix basis, generated by the vector fields $X_{a}=e_{a}^{\\mu}(x)\\partial_{\\mu}=(\\delta_{a}^{\\mu}+\\omega_{ab}^{\\mu}x^{b})\\partial_{\\mu}$, which induce a dynamical star product. The usual multiplication law can be hence reproduced in the $\\omega_{ab}^{\\mu}$ null limit. The star actions of creation and annihilation functions are explicitly computed. The ho states are infinitely degenerate with energies depending on the coordinate functions.
Harmonic Crystals in the Half-Space, I. Convergence to Equilibrium
T. V. Dudnikova
2009-05-21
We consider the dynamics of a harmonic crystal in the half-space with zero boundary condition. It is assumed that the initial date is a random function with zero mean, finite mean energy density which also satisfies a mixing condition of Rosenblatt or Ibragimov type. We study the distribution $\\mu_t$ of the solution at time $t\\in\\R$. The main result is the convergence of $\\mu_t$ to a Gaussian measure as $t\\to\\infty$ which is time stationary with a covariance inherited from the initial (in general, non-Gaussian) measure.
Effective actions in ${\\cal N}$=1, D5 supersymmetric gauge theories: harmonic superspace approach
I. L. Buchbinder; N. G. Pletnev
2015-11-04
We consider the off-shell formulation of the 5D, $ {\\cal N}$=1 super Yang-Mills and super Chern-Simons theories in harmonic superspace. Using such a formulation we develop a manifestly supersymmetric and gauge invariant approach to constructing the one-loop effective action both in super Yang-Mills and super Chern-Simons models. On the base of this approach we compute the leading low-energy quantum contribution to the effective action on the Abelian vector multiplet background. This contribution corresponds to $F^4$ invariant which is given in 5D superfield form.
Effective actions in ${\\cal N}$=1, D5 supersymmetric gauge theories: harmonic superspace approach
Buchbinder, I L
2015-01-01
We consider the off-shell formulation of the 5D, $ {\\cal N}$=1 super Yang-Mills and super Chern-Simons theories in harmonic superspace. Using such a formulation we develop a manifestly supersymmetric and gauge invariant approach to constructing the one-loop effective action both in super Yang-Mills and super Chern-Simons models. On the base of this approach we compute the leading low-energy quantum contribution to the effective action on the Abelian vector multiplet background. This contribution corresponds to $F^4$ invariant which is given in 5D superfield form.
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Barbara Betz; Miklos Gyulassy; Giorgio Torrieri
2011-08-23
Second Fourier harmonics of jet quenching have been thoroughly explored in the literature and shown to be sensitive to the underlying jet path-length dependence of energy loss and the differences between the mean eccentricity predicted by Glauber and CGC/KLN models of initial conditions. We compute the jet path-length dependence of energy-loss for higher azimuthal harmonics of jet-fragments in a generalized model of energy-loss for RHIC energies and find, however, that even the high-$p_T$ second moment is most sensitive to the poorly known early-time evolution during the first fm/c. Moreover, we demonstrate that higher-jet harmonics are remarkably insensitive to the initial conditions, while the different $v_n(N_{part})$ vs. $v_n^{I_{AA}}(N_{part})$ correlations between the moments of monojet and dijet nuclear modifications factors remain a most sensitive probe to differentiate between Glauber and CGC/KLN initial state sQGP geometries.
Efficiency enhancement of a harmonic lasing free-electron laser
Salehi, E.; Maraghechi, B.; Mirian, N. S.
2015-03-15
The harmonic lasing free-electron laser amplifier, in which two wigglers is employed in order for the fundamental resonance of the second wiggler to coincide with the third harmonic of the first wiggler to generate ultraviolet radiation, is studied. A set of coupled nonlinear first-order differential equations describing the nonlinear evolution of the system, for a long electron bunch, is solved numerically by CYRUS code. Solutions for the non-averaged and averaged equations are compared. Remarkable agreement is found between the averaged and non-averaged simulations for the evolution of the third harmonic. Thermal effects in the form of longitudinal velocity spread are also investigated. For efficiency enhancement, the second wiggler field is set to decrease linearly and nonlinearly at the point where the radiation of the third harmonic saturates. The optimum starting point and the slope of the tapering of the amplitude of the wiggler are found by a successive run of the code. It is found that tapering can increase the saturated power of the third harmonic considerably. In order to reduce the length of the wiggler, the prebunched electron beam is considered.
Jonge, Martin D. de; Tran, Chanh Q.; Chantler, Christopher T.; Barnea, Zwi; Dhal, Bipin B.; Paterson, David; Kanter, Elliot P.; Southworth, Stephen H.; Young, Linda; Beno, Mark A.; Linton, Jennifer A.; Jennings, Guy [X-Ray Operations and Research, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Australian Synchrotron Project, Major Projects Victoria, 800 Blackburn Road, Clayton, Victoria 3168 (Australia); Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); BESSRC-CAT, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)
2007-03-15
We use the x-ray extended-range technique (XERT) [C. T. Chantler et al., Phys. Rev. A 64, 062506 (2001)] to measure the mass attenuation coefficients of tin in the x-ray energy range of 29-60 keV to 0.04-3 % accuracy, and typically in the range 0.1-0.2 %. Measurements made over an extended range of the measurement parameter space are critically examined to identify, quantify, and correct a number of potential experimental systematic errors. These results represent the most extensive experimental data set for tin and include absolute mass attenuation coefficients in the regions of x-ray absorption fine structure, extended x-ray absorption fine structure, and x-ray absorption near-edge structure. The imaginary component of the atomic form factor f{sub 2} is derived from the photoelectric absorption after subtracting calculated Rayleigh and Compton scattering cross sections from the total attenuation. Comparison of the result with tabulations of calculated photoelectric absorption coefficients indicates that differences of 1-2 % persist between calculated and observed values.
Roques, Jean-Pierre; Bazzano, Angela; Fiocchi, Mariateresa; Natalucci, Lorenzo; Ubertini, Pietro
2015-01-01
In June 2015, the source V404 Cygni (= GS2023+38) underwent an extraordinary outburst. We present the results obtained during the first revolution dedicated to this target by the INTEGRAL mission, and focus on the spectral behavior in the hard X-ray domain, using both SPI and IBIS instruments. The source exhibits extreme variability, and reaches fluxes of several tens of Crab. However, the emission between 20 and 650 keV can be understood in terms of two main components, varying on all the observable timescales, similar to what is observed in the persistent black hole system Cyg X-1. The low energy component (up to ~ 200 keV) presents a rather unusual shape, probably due to the intrinsic source variability. Nonetheless, a satisfactory description is obtained with a Comptonization model, if an unusually hot population of seed photons ($kT_0$ ~ 7 keV) is introduced. Above this first component, a clear excess extending up to 400-600 keV leads us to investigate a scenario where an additional (cutoff) power law co...
Hussain, Z.; Huff, W.; Kellar, S.; Moler, E.; Heimann, P.; McKinney, W.; Cummings, C.; Lauritzen, T.; McKean, J.; Palomares, F.; Wu, H.; Zheng, Y.; Young, A.; Padmore, H.; Fadley, C.; Shirley, D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); [The University of California, Dept. of Chemistry, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); [The University of California, Dept. of Physics, Davis, CA 95616 (United States); [The Pennsylvania State University, Dept. of Chemistry and Physics, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)
1996-09-01
Bending magnet beamline 9.3.2 at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) was designed for high resolution spectroscopy with the capability for delivering circularly polarized light in the soft x-ray energy region using three gratings. The monochromator is a fixed included-angle spherical grating monochromator (SGM) and was originally used at SSRL as a prototype for later insertion-device-based monochromators for the ALS. For operation at the ALS, the toroidal pre-mirror used at SSRL was replaced by a horizontally focusing and a vertically focusing mirror in the Kirkpatrick-Baez configuration. Circularly polarized radiation is obtained by inserting a water-cooled movable aperture in front of the vertically focusing mirror to allow selecting the beam either above or below the horizontal plane. To maintain a stable beam intensity through the entrance slit, the photocurrent signals from the upper and lower jaws of the entrance slit are utilized to set a feedback loop with the vertically deflecting mirror piezoelectric drive. The beamline end station has a movable platform that accommodates two experimental chambers enabling the synchrotron radiation to be directed to either one of the two experimental chambers without breaking the vacuum. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}
Hussain, Z.; Heimann, P.A.; McKinney, W. [and others
1995-12-01
Bending magnet beamline 9.3.2 at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) was designed for high resolution spectroscopy with capability for delivering circularly polarized light in the soft X-ray energy region using three gratings. The monochromator is a fixed included angle spherical grating monochromator (SGM) and was originally used at SSRL as a prototype for later insertion device based monochromators for the ALS, For operation at the ALS, the toroidal pre-mirror used at SSRL was replaced by a horizontally focusing and a vertically focusing mirrors in the Kirkpatrick-Baez configuration. Circularly polarized radiation is obtained by inserting a water-cooled movable aperture in front of the vertically focusing mirror to allow selecting the beam either above or below the horizontal plane. To maintain a stable beam intensity through the entrance slit, the photocurrent signals from the upper and lower jaws of the entrance slit are utilized to set a feedback loop with the vertically deflecting mirror piezoelectric drive. The beamline end station has a movable platform that accommodates two experimental chambers enabling the synchrotron radiation to be directed to either one of the two experimental chambers without breaking the vacuum.
RHIC low energy tests and initial operations
Satogata,T.; Ahrens, L.; Bai, M.; Brennan, J.M.; Bruno, D.; Butler, J.; Drees, A.; Fedotov, A.; Fischer, W.; Harvey, M.; Hayes, T.; Jappe, W.; Lee, R.C.; Mackay, W.W.; Malitsky, N.; Marr, G.; Michnoff, R.; Oerter, B.; Pozdeyev, E.; Roser, T.; Severino, F.; Smith, K.; Tepikian, S.; Tsoupas, N.
2009-05-04
Future Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) runs, including a portion of FY10 heavy ion operations, will explore collisions at center of mass energies of 5-50 GeV/n (GeV/nucleon). Operations at these energies is motivated by a search for the QCD phase transition critical point. The lowest end of this energy range is nearly a factor of four below the nominal RHIC injection center of mass energy of {radical} s = 20.8 GeV/n. There are several operational challenges in the RHIC low-energy regime, including harmonic number changes, small longitudinal acceptance, lowered magnet field quality, nonlinear orbit control, and luminosity monitoring. We report on the experience with some of these challenges during beam tests with gold in March 2008, including first RHIC operations at {radical}s = 9.18 GeV/n and first beam experience at {radical}s = 5 GeV/n.
Harmonic entanglement in a degenerate parametric down conversion
Sintayehu Tesfa
2007-07-25
We study the harmonic entanglement and squeezing in a two-mode radiation produced in a degenerate parametric down conversion process coupled to a two-mode vacuum reservoir employing the linearization procedure. It is found that there is a quadrature entanglement between the harmonically related fundamental and second-harmonic modes and the superimposed radiation exhibits a significant two-mode squeezing. The entanglement exits even when there is no two-mode squeezing, since the correlation leading to these phenomena are essentially different. In addition, the more the external coherent light is down converted, the more stronger the entanglement and mean photon number of the two-mode radiation would be which is not generally true for squeezing.
Harmonic Oscillator on the ${\\rm SO}(2,2)$ Hyperboloid
Davit R. Petrosyan; George S. Pogosyan
2015-11-25
In the present work the classical problem of harmonic oscillator in the hyperbolic space $H_2^2$: $z_0^2+z_1^2-z_2^2-z_3^2=R^2$ has been completely solved in framework of Hamilton-Jacobi equation. We have shown that the harmonic oscillator on $H_2^2$, as in the other spaces with constant curvature, is exactly solvable and belongs to the class of maximally superintegrable system. We have proved that all the bounded classical trajectories are closed and periodic. The orbits of motion are ellipses or circles for bounded motion and ultraellipses or equidistant curve for infinite ones.
Harmonic analysis on a galois field and its subfields
A. Vourdas
2006-10-17
Complex functions $\\chi (m)$ where $m$ belongs to a Galois field $GF(p^ \\ell)$, are considered. Fourier transforms, displacements in the $GF(p^ \\ell) \\times GF(p^ \\ell)$ phase space and symplectic $Sp(2,GF(p^ \\ell))$ transforms of these functions are studied. It is shown that the formalism inherits many features from the theory of Galois fields. For example, Frobenius transformations are defined which leave fixed all functions $h(n)$ where $n$ belongs to a subfield $GF(p^ d)$ of the $GF(p^ \\ell)$. The relationship between harmonic analysis (or quantum mechanics) on $GF(p^ \\ell)$ and harmonic analysis on its subfields, is studied.
Harmonic mean, the Gamma factor and Speed of Light
Chandru Iyer
2008-11-17
The relationship between the harmonic mean and special relativity is concisely elucidated. The arguments in favor and against SRT are explored. It is shown that the ratio of the speed of light to the harmonic mean of the onward and return speeds of light in a moving frame under Newtonian mechanics, when equitably distributed between space and time as a correction, leads to the Lorentz transformation. This correction implies an apparent contraction of objects and time dilation. However, the symmetry of the onward and inverse transformations give a different meaning to the gamma factor
Harmonic and interharmonic distortion modeling in multiconverter systems
Carbone, R.; Morrison, R.E.; Testa, A.; Menniti, D.
1995-07-01
The problem of modeling multiconverter systems in presence of harmonic and interharmonic distortion is considered. Specifically, current source rectifiers are considered as distortion sources some supply d.c. motors and the remaining supplying inverters feeding a.c. machines. The classical analogue, frequency domain and time domain models proposed in the literature to study harmonic distortion in a multiconverter system are considered and for each model suitable extension to include the interharmonic distortion are presented and critically analyzed. The results of several experiments are reported to show the usefulness and to compare the accuracy of the different extensions considered.
Dipolar second harmonic generation in inversion symmetric materials
Hardhienata, Hendradi; Prylepa, Andrii; Reitböck, Cornelia; Hingerl, Kurt
2012-01-01
It is generally argued that material classes with inversion symmetry such as silicon do not produce bulk dipole related second harmonic generation (SHG). So, SHG is then either ascribed to surface effects or bulk related electric quadrupol or magnetic dipole effects. In this letter we show analytically that due to the fact of the decaying harmonic electric field certain Si facets, as eg. Si(111), produce a bulk dipole SHG response and we propose an experiment, exploiting the different dispersion for the fundamental as well as frequency doubled radiation to determine this effect.
Second-harmonic generation from hyperbolic plasmonic nanorod metamaterial slab
Marino, Giuseppe; Krasavin, Alexey V; Ginzburg, Pavel; Olivier, Nicolas; Wurtz, Gregory A; Zayats, Anatoly V
2015-01-01
Hyperbolic plasmonic metamaterials provide numerous opportunities for designing unusual linear and nonlinear optical properties. We show that the modal overlap of fundamental and second-harmonic light in an anisotropic plasmonic metamaterial slab results in the broadband enhancement of radiated second-harmonic intensity by up to 2 and 11 orders of magnitudes for TM- and TE-polarized fundamental light, respectively, compared to a smooth Au film under TM-polarised illumination. The results open up possibilities to design tuneable frequency-doubling metamaterial with the goal to overcome limitations associated with classical phase matching conditions in thick nonlinear crystals.
The progress in developing superconducting third harmonic cavity
Solyak, Nikolay; Edwards, Helen; Foley, Mike; Gonin, Ivan; Harms, Elvin; Khabiboulline, Timergali; Mitchell, Donald; Olis, Daniel; Rowe, Allan; /Fermilab
2006-06-01
The XFEL and TTF facilities are planning to use section with a few third harmonic cavities (3.9GHz) upstream of the bunch compressor to improve beam performance [1-2]. Fermilab is developing superconducting third harmonic section for the TTFII upgrade. This section will include four cavities equipped with couplers and blade tuners installed in cryostat. Up to now, two cavities are complete and one of them is under test. The status of the cavity development and preliminary test results are presented in this paper.
Nonlinear Trivelpiece--Gould waves: Recurrence, harmonic cascade, and sidebands
Cabral, J.A.C.; Lapao, L.M.; Mendonca, J.T. )
1993-03-01
A theoretical and experimental study of Trivelpiece--Gould waves propagating in a magnetized plasma column is presented in this paper. In the experiments, these waves are excited by a radio frequency (rf) source, which also serves to create the plasma. Observation of nonlinear effects includes space and time recurrence effects, a wave spectrum containing a large number (up to 25) harmonics, and low-frequency sidebands. The theoretical model explains the recurrence effects as a consequence of multiple nonlinear interactions between the fundamental wave and its harmonics. A good agreement is found between theory and the experiments.
Lebeda, O; Petzoldt, J; Stursa, J; Zdychova, V; Zuber, K
2015-01-01
Cross-sections for the proton-induced reactions on natural neodymium in energy regions 5-10 MeV and 30-35 MeV were measured using the cyclotron U-120M at the Nuclear Physics Institute at Rez near Prague. This measurement completes the investigation previously done in the 10-30 MeV energy range. Results revealed practical production thresholds and secondary maxima and minima in the excitation functions. It allowed for more appropriate calculation of thick target yields and production rates of many longer-lived radionuclides potentially disturbing the search for neutrinoless double beta decay. Measured cross-sections are consistent with our previously published data.
O. Lebeda; V. Lozza; J. Petzoldt; J. Stursa; V. Zdychova; K. Zuber
2015-04-16
Cross-sections for the proton-induced reactions on natural neodymium in energy regions 5-10 MeV and 30-35 MeV were measured using the cyclotron U-120M at the Nuclear Physics Institute at Rez near Prague. This measurement completes the investigation previously done in the 10-30 MeV energy range. Results revealed practical production thresholds and secondary maxima and minima in the excitation functions. It allowed for more appropriate calculation of thick target yields and production rates of many longer-lived radionuclides potentially disturbing the search for neutrinoless double beta decay. Measured cross-sections are consistent with our previously published data.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
As clean energy increasingly becomes part of the national dialogue, lenders, utilities, and lawmakers need the most comprehensive and accurate information on GHG emissions from various sources of energy to inform policy, planning, and investment decisions. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) recently led the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Harmonization Project, a study that gives decision makers and investors more precise estimates of life cycle GHG emissions for renewable and conventional generation, clarifying inconsistent and conflicting estimates in the published literature, and reducing uncertainty.
Live Fire Range Environmental Assessment
1993-08-01
The Central Training Academy (CTA) is a DOE Headquarters Organization located in Albuquerque, New Mexico, with the mission to effectively and efficiently educate and train personnel involved in the protection of vital national security interests of DOE. The CTA Live Fire Range (LFR), where most of the firearms and tactical training occurs, is a complex separate from the main campus. The purpose of the proposed action is to expand the LFR to allow more options of implementing required training. The Department of Energy has prepared this Environmental Assessment (EA) for the proposed construction and operation of an expanded Live Fire Range Facility at the Central Training Academy in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Based on the analysis in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an environmental impact statement is not required and DOE is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI).
NREL: Energy Analysis - Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Results...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Results and Findings Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Electricity Generation (Factsheet) Cover of the Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Electricity...
Harmonized Emissions Analysis Tool (HEAT) | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimen River Power Co LtdGuntherGreensHareon Solar
High-harmonic XUV source for time- and angle-resolved photoemission...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
High-harmonic XUV source for time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy Citation Details In-Document Search Title: High-harmonic XUV source for time- and angle-resolved...
Ultrasensitive Optical Shape Characterization of Gold Nanoantennas Using Second Harmonic Generation
Dalang, Robert C.
Ultrasensitive Optical Shape Characterization of Gold Nanoantennas Using Second Harmonic Generation for the sensitive optical characterization of plasmonic nanostructures. Furthermore, defects located where on the second harmonic signal. KEYWORDS: Plasmonics, nonlinear optics, surface integral formulation, realistic
Wideband phased array antennas and compact, harmonic-suppressed microstrip filters
Tu, Wen-Hua
2009-05-15
. Since the electromagnetic spectrum is limited and has to be shared, interference is getting serious as more and more wireless applications emerge. Filters are key components to prevent harmonic interference. The harmonic signals can be suppressed...
Moreira, J.C.
1996-11-01
This paper describes an indirect sensing, or sensorless, method for rotor flux position for brushless permanent magnet (BPM) motors operating over a wide speed range, while keeping maximum torque per ampere and/or maximum efficiency capabilities. The method described is particularly applicable to trapezoidal back emf type of BPM motors. The typical trapezoidal waveform of the motor internal voltages (or back emf) contains a fundamental and higher order frequency harmonics. In particular, the third harmonic component is extracted from the stator phase voltages while the fundamental and other polyphase components are eliminated via a simple summation of the three phase voltages. The resulting third harmonic signal keeps a constant phase relationship with the rotor flux for any motor speed and load condition, and is practically free of noise that can be introduced by the inverter switching, making this a robust sensing method. In contrast with indirect sensing methods based on detection of the back-emf signal that require heavy filtering, the third harmonic signal needs only a small amount of filtering to eliminate the switching frequency and its side bands. As a result, the method described here is not sensitive to filtering delays, allowing the motor to achieve a good performance over a wide speed range. Motor starting is also superior with this method since the third harmonic signal can be detected and processed at lower speeds than for the conventional method of back-emf sensing. Moreover, an alternative way to acquire the third harmonic signal without the need to access the stator neutral terminal is discussed. This is particularly interesting with the motor neutral connection is not available or expensive to have access. The third harmonic indirect sensing scheme is implemented in the laboratory and compared to a conventional back-emf sensing method.
Progress in Large Period Multilayer Coatings for High Harmonic and Solar Applications
Aquila, Andrew
2008-01-01
large period multilayer coatings for high harmonic and solarBerkeley, CA 94720 Multilayer coatings for normal incidence
A superintegrable discrete harmonic oscillator based on bivariate Charlier polynomials
Vincent X. Genest; Hiroshi Miki; Luc Vinet; Guofu Yu
2015-11-30
A simple discrete model of the two dimensional isotropic harmonic oscillator is presented. It is superintegrable with su(2) as its symmetry algebra. It is constructed with the help of the algebraic properties of the bivariate Charlier polyno-mials. This adds to the other discrete superintegrable models of the oscillator based on Krawtchouk and Meixner orthogonal polynomials in several variables.
Harmonic analysis of the Ha velocity field of NGC 4254
Laurent Chemin; Olivier Hernandez; Chantal Balkowski; Claude Carignan; Philippe Amram
2005-12-20
The ionized gas kinematics of the Virgo Cluster galaxy NGC 4254 (Messier 99) is analyzed by an harmonic decomposition of the velocity field into Fourier coefficients. The aims of this study are to measure the kinematical asymmetries of Virgo cluster galaxies and to connect them to the environment. The analysis reveals significant $m=1,2,4$ terms which origins are discussed.
On the harmonic oscillator realisation of q-oscillators
D. Gangopadhyay; A. P. Isaev
2007-01-05
The general version of the bosonic harmonic oscillator realisation of bosonic q-oscillators is given. It is shown that the currently known realisation is a special case of our general solution. The investigation has been performed at the Laboratory of theoretical Physics,JINR.
Linear harmonic oscillator in spaces with degenerate metrics
N. A. Gromov
2006-03-02
With the help of contraction method we study the harmonic oscillator in spaces with degenerate metrics, namely, on Galilei plane and in the flat 3D Cayley-Klein spaces $R_3(j_2,j_3).$ It is shown that the inner degrees of freedom are appeared which physical dimensions are different from the dimension of the space.
Dynamics of an Open System for Repeated Harmonic Perturbation
Hiroshi Tamura; Valentin A. Zagrebnov
2015-06-18
We use the Kossakowski-Lindblad-Davies formalism to consider an open system defined as the Markovian extension of one-mode quantum oscillator S, perturbed by a piecewise stationary harmonic interaction with a chain of oscillators C. The long-time asymptotic behaviour of various subsystems of S+C are obtained in the framework of the dual W-dynamical system approach.
Strong Second Harmonic Generation from the Tantalum Thioarsenates...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Strong Second Harmonic Generation from the Tantalum Thioarsenates A3Ta2AsS11 (A K and Rb) Home Author: T.K. Bera, J.I. Jang, J.B. Ketterson, M.G. Kanatzidis Year: 2009 Abstract:...
Harmonic Superfields in N=4 Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics
Evgeny A. Ivanov
2011-02-11
This is a brief survey of applications of the harmonic superspace methods to the models of N=4 supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SQM). The main focus is on a recent progress in constructing SQM models with couplings to the background non-Abelian gauge fields. Besides reviewing and systemizing the relevant results, we present some new examples and make clarifying comments.
Response of turbulent premixed flames to harmonic acoustic forcing
Lieuwen, Timothy C.
for land- based gas turbines, future aircraft engines, industrial heaters and boilers rely on premixed 1540 2006 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Keywords: Flame area to a harmonic disturbance of given amplitude depends upon turbulence intensity. Low emissions combustion systems
HHFW (High Harmonic Fast Wave) Eddy Current Analysis for Antenna
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
1 NSTX HHFW (High Harmonic Fast Wave) Eddy Current Analysis for Antenna NSTX-CALC-24-03-01 June 1 performed.) The model was first built for NSTX to verify the eddy current effect on antenna during plasma force of the induced eddy current in the components. The force data was transferred to the structural
Master / PhD Project Resonatorassisted high harmonic generation
Hänsch, Theodor W.
Master / PhD Project Resonatorassisted high harmonic generation with spatially tailored driving+ at low temperatures and on the generation and charac terization of an XUV frequency comb source suitable comb experiments: The XUV frequency comb is generated through extremely nonlinear conversion (high
Theory of second-harmonic generation in colloidal crystals
Jian, Y C; Huang, J P
2006-01-01
We study the effective susceptibility of second-harmonic generation (SHG) in colloidal crystals considering the local lattice effect using Edward-Kornfeld formulation, which are made of graded metallodielectric nanoparticles with optical nonlinearity suspended in a host fluid. We find a large enhancement and redshift of optical nonlinearity, which arises from the periodic structure, local field effects and gradation in the metallic cores.
Tuning manifold harmonics filters Thomas Lewiner, Thales Vieira, Alex Bordignon,
DĂaz, Lorenzo J.
Tuning manifold harmonics filters Thomas Lewiner, Thales Vieira, Alex Bordignon, Allyson Cabral : Thomas Lewiner, Thales Vieira, Alex Bordignon, Allyson Cabral, Clarissa Marques, Jo~ao Paix~ao, Lis Cust CABRAL1 , CLARISSA MARQUES1 , JO ~AO PAIX ~AO1 , LIS CUST Â´ODIO1 , MARCOS LAGE1 , MARIA ANDRADE1 , RENATA
Mesoscale harmonic analysis of homogenous dislocation nucleation
Asad Hasan; Craig E. Maloney
2012-05-08
We perform atomistic computer simulations to study the mechanism of homogeneous dislocation nucleation in two dimensional (2D) hexagonal crystalline films during indentation with a circular nanoindenter. The nucleation process is governed by the vanishing of the energy associated with a single normal mode. This critical mode is largely confined to a single plane of adjacent atoms. For fixed film thickness, L, the spatial extent, \\xi, of the critical mode grows with indenter radius, R. For fixed R/L, the spatial extent \\xi, grows roughly as \\xi ~ L^0.4. We, furthermore, perform a mesoscale analysis to determine the lowest energy normal mode for mesoscale regions of varying radius, r_{meso}, centered on the critical mode's core. The energy, \\lambda_{meso}, of the lowest normal mode in the meso-region decays very rapidly with r_{meso} and \\lambda_{meso} ~= 0 for r_{meso} >~ \\xi. The lowest normal mode shows a spatial extent, \\xi_{meso}, which has a sublinear power-law increase with r_{meso} for r_{meso} mesoscale analysis gives good estimates for the energy and spatial extent of the critical mode \\emph{only} for r_{meso} >~ 1.5 \\xi. In this sense homogeneous dislocation nucleation should be understood as a quasi-local phenomenon.
High harmonic generation in relativistic laserplasma interactiona... S. Banerjee,b)
Umstadter, Donald
High harmonic generation in relativistic laserplasma interactiona... S. Banerjee,b) A. R of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 Received 2 November 2001; accepted 26 February 2002 High harmonics, in addition to the conventional atomic harmonics from bound electrons there is significant contribution
DIRAC-HARMONIC MAPS FROM INDEX THEORY BERND AMMANN AND NICOLAS GINOUX
Ammann, Bernd
DIRAC-HARMONIC MAPS FROM INDEX THEORY BERND AMMANN AND NICOLAS GINOUX Abstract. We prove existence results for Dirac-harmonic maps using index theoretical tools. They are mainly interesting if the source map between the source and target manifolds is a harmonic map. Contents 1. Introduction 1 2
High harmonic generation spectra of aligned benzene in circular polarized laser field
Moiseyev, Nimrod
High harmonic generation spectra of aligned benzene in circular polarized laser field Petra Zda-order harmonic generation in benzene, aligned in the polarization plane of circular polarized laser field-lived resonance state up to the intensity of about 90 TW cm 2 . The high-order harmonics emitted by the system
HARMONIC is 3Competitive for Two Servers Marek Chrobak and Lawrence L. Larmore
Chrobak, Marek
HARMONIC is 3Competitive for Two Servers Marek Chrobak and Lawrence L. Larmore Department the server algorithm, called HARMONIC, that always moves the servers with probabilities proportional to the inverses of distances to the request point. We show that for two servers HARMONIC is 3competitive. Before
3D Harmonic Mapping and Tetrahedral Meshing of Brain Imaging Data
Thompson, Paul
3D Harmonic Mapping and Tetrahedral Meshing of Brain Imaging Data Yalin Wang1 , Xianfeng Gu2 , Paul algorithm finds a harmonic map from a 3-manifold to a 3D solid sphere and the second is a novel sphere of magnetic resonance images (MRI). A heat flow method is used to solve the volumetric harmonic mapping
HARMONIC CASCADE FEL DESIGNS FOR LUX, A FACILTY FOR ULTRAFAST X-RAY SCIENCE
Wurtele, Jonathan
HARMONIC CASCADE FEL DESIGNS FOR LUX, A FACILTY FOR ULTRAFAST X-RAY SCIENCE J. Corlett, W. Fawley. We also discuss lattice considerations pertinent to harmonic cascade FELs, somesensitivity studies. While much of this effort has been concentrated upon SASE-based FEL's, there is an alternative "harmonic
Harmonic phase-dispersion microscope with a MachZehnder interferometer
Fang-Yen, Christopher
Harmonic phase-dispersion microscope with a MachZehnder interferometer Andrew Ahn, Changhuei Yang S. Feld Harmonic phase-dispersion microscopy (PDM) is a new imaging technique in which contrast is provided by differences in refractive index at two harmonically related wavelengths. We report a new
Fast Harmonic Balance of SIS Mixers with Multiple Junctions and Superconducting Circuits
Ward, John
Fast Harmonic Balance of SIS Mixers with Multiple Junctions and Superconducting Circuits Frank Rice-47, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA. Abstract We have extended the spectral domain harmonic balance method-Raphson technique to achieve rapid convergence, even when many harmonics are included in the analysis. Another im
Harmonic Potential with Gaussian Barrier Model for Ammonia Inversion Frank Rioux
Rioux, Frank
Harmonic Potential with Gaussian Barrier Model for Ammonia Inversion Frank Rioux Department is modeled as a harmonic potential with an internal Gaussian barrier to inversion. The allowed vibrational at 3444, 3337, 1627, and 950 cm -1. The umbrella-like bending mode at 950 cm -1 is modeled by a harmonic
High-harmonic generation in plasmas from relativistic laser-electron scattering
Umstadter, Donald
High-harmonic generation in plasmas from relativistic laser-electron scattering S. Banerjee, A. R Results are presented on the generation of high harmonics through the scattering of relativistic electrons to be the emission of even- order harmonics, linear dependence on the electron density, significant amount
Time-harmonic BEM for 2-D piezoelectricity applied to eigenvalue problems
Denda, Mitsunori "Mitch"
Time-harmonic BEM for 2-D piezoelectricity applied to eigenvalue problems M. Denda a,*, Y. Araki b, and present the direct formulation of the time-harmonic boundary element method (BEM) for the two and the latter is given by a line integral along the unit circle. The static BEM is a component of the time-harmonic
HARMONIC CASCADE FEL DESIGNS FOR LUX G. Penn, M. Reinsch, J. Wurtele
Wurtele, Jonathan
HARMONIC CASCADE FEL DESIGNS FOR LUX G. Penn, M. Reinsch, J. Wurtele , J.N. Corlett, W.M. Fawley, A stages of higher harmonic generation, seeded by a 200250 nm laser of similar duration. This laser mod then produces ra- diation at a higher harmonic after entering a second, differ- ently tuned undulator. Repeated
Lacoste, David
2015-01-01
a harmonic chain David Lacoste1 and Michael A. Lomholt2 1 Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie Th´eorique - UMR CNRS the stochastic thermodynamics of an overdamped harmonic chain, which can be viewed equivalently as a one diffusion, various approximations have been introduced. One of them is the harmonization method, which
Harmonic Exponential Families on Manifolds Taco S. Cohen T.S.COHEN@UVA.NL
Welling, Max
Harmonic Exponential Families on Manifolds Taco S. Cohen T.S.COHEN@UVA.NL University of Amsterdam applications to Bayesian cam- era motion estimation (where harmonic exponen- tial families serve as conjugate experimental re- sults show that harmonic densities yield a signif- icantly higher likelihood than the best
Harmonic tori in symmetric spaces and commuting Hamiltonian systems on loop algebras
Harmonic tori in symmetric spaces and commuting Hamiltonian systems on loop algebras F. E. Burstall, D. Ferus, F. Pedit, and U. Pinkall Introduction Background The study of harmonic maps of compact and Physics: For example, minimal surfaces are (conformal) harmonic maps while constant mean curvature
High-harmonic generation by quantum-dot nanorings Ioan Bldea,1,
Moiseyev, Nimrod
High-harmonic generation by quantum-dot nanorings Ioan Bâldea,1, * Ashish K. Gupta,2, Lorenz S with a circularly polarized light. The results show that the high-harmonic generation (HHG) spectra obtained from of the high-order harmonics is studied, and it is shown that it can increase the intensity of the high
High-harmonic generation in a dense medium V. V. Strelkov,1,2,
Becker, Andreas
High-harmonic generation in a dense medium V. V. Strelkov,1,2, * V. T. Platonenko,3 and A. Becker1 2005 The high-harmonic generation in a plasma or gas under conditions when the single-atom response using the Monte Carlo method. Harmonic spectra are calculated for different medium densities and laser
Harmonic Functions and Collision Probabilities Christopher I. Connolly, EK 266 y
Choset, Howie
Harmonic Functions and Collision Probabilities Christopher I. Connolly, EK 266 y Arti cial-5022, FAX (415) 859-3735 email: connolly@ai.sri.com Abstract There is a close relationship between harmonic processes. The hitting probabilities for random walks can be cast as a Dirichlet problem for harmonic func
HARMONIC TORI IN DE SITTER SPACES S2n EMMA CARBERRY, KATHARINE TURNER
Sydney, University of
HARMONIC TORI IN DE SITTER SPACES S2n 1 EMMA CARBERRY, KATHARINE TURNER Abstract. We show that all superconformal harmonic immersions from genus one surfaces into de Sitter spaces S2n 1 with globally defined harmonic sequence are of finite-type and hence result merely from solving a pair of ordinary differential
Bak, Claus Leth
Aalborg Universitet Harmonic Resonances in Wind Power Plants: Modeling, Analysis and Active. (2015). Harmonic Resonances in Wind Power Plants: Modeling, Analysis and Active Mitigation Methods from vbn.aau.dk on: juli 04, 2015 #12;Harmonic Resonances in Wind Power Plants: Modeling, Analysis
Second and Fourth Harmonic Frequencies in Electric Field-Induced Liquid Crystal Reorientations
Wu, Shin-Tson
Second and Fourth Harmonic Frequencies in Electric Field-Induced Liquid Crystal Reorientations of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, USA The second and fourth harmonics of low frequency electric field-optical modulation; liquid crystal; second and fourth harmonics 1. INTRODUCTION Nematic liquid crystal (LC) has been
ANALYTIC MODEL OF HARMONIC GENERATION IN THE LOW-GAIN FEL REGIME
Wurtele, Jonathan
ANALYTIC MODEL OF HARMONIC GENERATION IN THE LOW-GAIN FEL REGIME G. Penn, M. Reinsch, J.S. Wurtele , LBNL, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Abstract Harmonic generation using free electron lasers (FELs) requires with simulation results using the FEL code GENESIS, both for single stages of harmonic generation and for the LUX
Volumetric Harmonic Brain Mapping using a Variational Method Yalin Wang1
Thompson, Paul
Volumetric Harmonic Brain Mapping using a Variational Method Yalin Wang1 , Xianfeng Gu2 , Tony F investigation of 3D volumetric brain harmonic mapping. By transforming the full 3D brain volume to a solid harmonic map from a volumetric brain image to a 3D solid sphere and the second uses a sphere carving
Makoto Sasaki; George Wei-Shu Hou
2015-07-22
This Letter of Intent (LoI) describes the outline and plan for the Neutrino Telescope Array (NTA) project. High-energy neutrinos provide unique and indisputable evidence for hadronic acceleration. Recently, IceCube has reported astronomical neutrino candidates in excess of expectation from atmospheric secondaries, but is limited by the water Cherenkov detection method. A next generation high-energy neutrino telescope should be capable of establishing indisputable evidence for cosmic high-energy neutrinos. It should not only have orders-of-magnitude larger sensitivity, but also enough pointing accuracy to probe known or unknown astronomical objects, without suffering from atmospheric secondaries. The proposed installation is a large array of compound eye stations of imaging atmospheric Cherenkov and fluorescence detectors, with wide field of view and refined observational ability of air showers from cosmic tau neutrinos in the PeV-EeV energy range. This advanced optical complex system is based substantially on the development of All-sky Survey High Resolution Air-shower detector (Ashra) and applies the tau shower Earth-skimming method to survey PeV-EeV tau neutrinos. It allows wide (30 deg x 360 deg) and deep (~400 Mpc) survey observation for PeV-EeV tau neutrinos assuming the standard GRB neutrino fluence.In addition, it enjoys the pointing accuracy of better than 0.2 deg in essentially background-free conditions. With the advanced imaging of Earth-skimming tau showers in the wide field of view, we aim for clear discovery and identification of astronomical tau neutrino sources, providing inescapable evidence of the astrophysical hadronic model for acceleration and/or propagation of extremely high energy protons in the precisely determined direction.
Davis, R.; Fishman, D.; Frank, E. D.; Wigmosta, M. S.; Aden, A.; Coleman, A. M.; Pienkos, P. T.; Skaggs, R. J.; Venteris, E. R.; Wang, M. Q.
2012-06-01
The U.S. Department of Energy's Biomass Program has begun an initiative to obtain consistent quantitative metrics for algal biofuel production to establish an 'integrated baseline' by harmonizing and combining the Program's national resource assessment (RA), techno-economic analysis (TEA), and life-cycle analysis (LCA) models. The baseline attempts to represent a plausible near-term production scenario with freshwater microalgae growth, extraction of lipids, and conversion via hydroprocessing to produce a renewable diesel (RD) blendstock. Differences in the prior TEA and LCA models were reconciled (harmonized) and the RA model was used to prioritize and select the most favorable consortium of sites that supports production of 5 billion gallons per year of RD. Aligning the TEA and LCA models produced slightly higher costs and emissions compared to the pre-harmonized results. However, after then applying the productivities predicted by the RA model (13 g/m2/d on annual average vs. 25 g/m2/d in the original models), the integrated baseline resulted in markedly higher costs and emissions. The relationship between performance (cost and emissions) and either productivity or lipid fraction was found to be non-linear, and important implications on the TEA and LCA results were observed after introducing seasonal variability from the RA model. Increasing productivity and lipid fraction alone was insufficient to achieve cost and emission targets; however, combined with lower energy, less expensive alternative technology scenarios, emissions and costs were substantially reduced.
Range Fuels Biorefinery Groundbreaking | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Twenty in Ten initiative is expected to generate a reduction in the projected demand for gasoline by 20 percent over the next 10 years. Under Twenty in Ten, automobile...
Nakai, Hiromi; Ishikawa, Atsushi
2014-11-07
We propose a novel quantum chemical method, called the harmonic solvation model (HSM), for calculating thermochemical parameters in the condensed phase, particularly in the liquid phase. The HSM represents translational and rotational motions of a solute as vibrations interacting with a cavity wall of solvent molecules. As examples, the HSM and the ideal-gas model (IGM) were used for the standard formation reaction of liquid water, combustion reactions of liquid formic acid, methanol, and ethanol, vapor–liquid equilibration of water and ethanol, and dissolution of gaseous CO{sub 2} in water. The numerical results confirmed the reliability and applicability of the HSM. In particular, the temperature dependence of the Gibbs energy of liquid molecules was accurately reproduced by the HSM; for example, the boiling point of water was reasonably determined using the HSM, whereas the conventional IGM treatment failed to obtain a crossing of the two Gibbs energy curves for gaseous and liquid water.
repulsion and quantization in almost-harmonic maps, and asymptotics of the harmonic map flow
Topping, Peter
.1 Basic technology * Abstract We present an analysis of bounded-energy low-tension maps between 2-sphe* *res develop, we show that we can establish a `quantization estimate' which constrains t* *he energy
Inertial range turbulence in kinetic plasmas
G. G. Howes
2007-11-27
The transfer of turbulent energy through an inertial range from the driving scale to dissipative scales in a kinetic plasma followed by the conversion of this energy into heat is a fundamental plasma physics process. A theoretical foundation for the study of this process is constructed, but the details of the kinetic cascade are not well understood. Several important properties are identified: (a) the conservation of a generalized energy by the cascade; (b) the need for collisions to increase entropy and realize irreversible plasma heating; and (c) the key role played by the entropy cascade--a dual cascade of energy to small scales in both physical and velocity space--to convert ultimately the turbulent energy into heat. A strategy for nonlinear numerical simulations of kinetic turbulence is outlined. Initial numerical results are consistent with the operation of the entropy cascade. Inertial range turbulence arises in a broad range of space and astrophysical plasmas and may play an important role in the thermalization of fusion energy in burning plasmas.
Kaur, Sukhdeep; Sharma, A. K. [Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016 (India); Salih, Hyder A. [Department of Applied Sciences, University of Baghdad, Baghdad (Iraq)
2009-04-15
Second harmonic generation of a right circularly polarized Gaussian electromagnetic beam in a magnetized plasma is investigated. The beam causes Ohmic heating of electrons and subsequent redistribution of the plasma, leading to self-defocusing. The radial density gradient, in conjunction with the oscillatory electron velocity, produces density oscillation at the wave frequency. The density oscillation beats with the oscillatory velocity to produce second harmonic current density, giving rise to resonant second harmonic radiation when the wave frequency is one-third of electron cyclotron frequency. The second harmonic field has azimuthal dependence as exp(i{theta}). The self-defocusing causes a reduction in the efficiency of harmonic generation.
Method and apparatus for coherent burst ranging
Wachter, E.A.; Fisher, W.G.
1998-04-28
A high resolution ranging method is described utilizing a novel modulated waveform, hereafter referred to as coherent burst modulation. In the coherent burst method, high frequency modulation of an acoustic or electromagnetic transmitter, such as a laser, is performed at a modulation frequency. This modulation frequency is transmitted quasi-continuously in the form of interrupted bursts of radiation. Energy from the transmitter is directed onto a target, interacts with the target, and the returning energy is collected. The encoded burst pattern contained in the collected return signal is detected coherently by a receiver that is tuned so as to be principally sensitive to the modulation frequency. The receiver signal is processed to determine target range using both time-of-flight of the burst envelope and phase shift of the high frequency modulation. This approach effectively decouples the maximum unambiguous range and range resolution relationship of earlier methods, thereby allowing high precision ranging to be conducted at arbitrarily long distances using at least one burst of encoded energy. The use of a receiver tuned to the high frequency modulation contained within the coherent burst vastly improves both sensitivity in the detection of the target return signal and rejection of background interferences, such as ambient acoustic or electromagnetic noise. Simultaneous transmission at several energies (or wavelengths) is possible by encoding each energy with a separate modulation frequency or pattern; electronic demodulation at the receiver allows the return pattern for each energy to be monitored independently. Radial velocity of a target can also be determined by monitoring change in phase shift of the return signal as a function of time. 12 figs.
Method and apparatus for coherent burst ranging
Wachter, Eric A. (138 Bay Path Dr., Oak Ridge, TN 37830); Fisher, Walter G. (8514 Carl Valentine, Knoxville, TN 37931)
1998-01-01
A high resolution ranging method is described utilizing a novel modulated waveform, hereafter referred to as coherent burst modulation. In the coherent burst method, high frequency modulation of an acoustic or electromagnetic transmitter, such as a laser, is performed at a modulation frequency. This modulation frequency is transmitted quasi-continuously in the form of interrupted bursts of radiation. Energy from the transmitter is directed onto a target, interacts with the target, and the returning energy is collected. The encoded burst pattern contained in the collected return signal is detected coherently by a receiver that is tuned so as to be principally sensitive to the modulation frequency. The receiver signal is processed to determine target range using both time-of-flight of the burst envelope and phase shift of the high frequency modulation. This approach effectively decouples the maximum unambiguous range and range resolution relationship of earlier methods, thereby allowing high precision ranging to be conducted at arbitrarily long distances using at least one burst of encoded energy. The use of a receiver tuned to the high frequency modulation contained within the coherent burst vastly improves both sensitivity in the detection of the target return signal and rejection of background interferences, such as ambient acoustic or electromagnetic noise. Simultaneous transmission at several energies (or wavelengths) is possible by encoding each energy with a separate modulation frequency or pattern; electronic demodulation at the receiver allows the return pattern for each energy to be monitored independently. Radial velocity of a target can also be determined by monitoring change in phase shift of the return signal as a function of time.
Electro-optic harmonic conversion to switch a laser beam out of a cavity
Haas, R.A.; Henesian, M.A.
1984-10-19
The present invention relates to switching laser beams out of laser cavities, and more particularly, it relates to the use of generating harmonics of the laser beam to accomplish the switching. When laser light is generatd in a laser cavity the problem arises of how to switch the laser light out of the cavity in order to make use of the resulting laser beam in a well known multitude of ways. These uses include range finding, communication, remote sensing, medical surgery, laser fusion applications and many more. The switch-out problem becomes more difficult as the size of the laser aperture grows such as in laser fusion applications. The final amplifier stages of the Nova and Novette lasers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory are 46 centimeters with the laser beam expanded to 74 centimeters thereafter. Larger aperture lasers are planned.
Shell formation in short like-charged polyelectrolytes in a harmonic trap
Sandipan Dutta; Y. S. Jho
2015-11-12
Inspired by recent experiments on pattern formation in biomolecules by optical tweezers, a the- oretical description based on reference interaction site model (RISM) integral equation method is developed to calculate the equilibrium density profiles of small polyelectrolytes in an external po- tential. The formalism is applied to the specific case of a finite number of polyelectrolytes trapped in a harmonic potential. The density profiles of flexible Gaussian and rigid rodlike polyelectrolytes are studied over a range of lengths and numbers of polyelectrolytes in the trap and the Coulomb coupling parameter. For smaller polymers we recover the results for point charges. In the mean field limit the point particles do not form shells for any values of the coupling parameter whereas the longer polymers form a shell at the boundary at moderate coupling. When the inter-polymer cor- relations are included the density profile of the polymers shows sharp shells even at weak coupling. The implications of these results are also discussed.
Extension of harmonic cutoff in a multicycle chirped pulse combined with a chirp-free pulse
Xu Junjie; Zeng Bin; Yu Yongli [State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 800-211, Shanghai 201800 (China)
2010-11-15
We demonstrate high-order harmonic generation in a wave form synthesized by a multicycle 800-nm chirped laser pulse and a chirp-free laser pulse. Compared with the case of using only a chirped pulse, both the harmonic cutoff and the extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum can be extended when a weak chirp-free pulse is combined with the chirped pulse. When chirp-free pulse intensity grows, the cutoff energy and bandwidth of the supercontinuum grow as well. It is found that the broad supercontinuum can be achieved for a driving pulse with long duration even though the driving pulse reaches 10 optical cycles. An isolated attosecond pulse with duration of about 59 as is obtained, and after appropriate phase compensation with a duration of about 11 as. In addition, by performing time-frequency analyses and the classical trajectory simulation, the difference in supercontinuum generation between the preceding wave form and a similar wave form synthesized by an 800-nm fundamental pulse and a 1600-nm subharmonic pulse is investigated.
LOW-HIGH VALUES FOR PETROLEUM AVERAGE INVENTORY RANGES (MILLION...
Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION LOW-HIGH VALUES FOR PETROLEUM AVERAGE INVENTORY RANGES (MILLION BARRELS) FILE UPDATED April 2004 Line Month Low High Number Product Name Geography...
Mark, J. Abraham Hudson, E-mail: a.john.peter@gmail.com; Peter, A. John, E-mail: a.john.peter@gmail.com [Dept. of Physics, SSM Institute of Engineering and Technology, Dindigul-624002 (India)
2014-04-24
Third order susceptibility of third order harmonic generation is investigated in a Zn{sub 0.1}Mg{sub 0.9}Se/Zn{sub 0.8}Mg{sub 0.2}Se/Zn{sub 0.1}Mg{sub 0.9}Se quantum well in the presence of magnetic field strength. The confinement potential is considered as the addition of energy offsets of the conduction band (or valence band) and the strain-induced potential in our calculations. The material dependent effective mass is followed throughout the computation because it has a high influence on the electron energy levels in low dimensional semiconductor systems.
Compact range for variable-zone measurements
Burnside, Walter D. (Columbus, OH); Rudduck, Roger C. (Columbus, OH); Yu, Jiunn S. (Albuquerque, NM)
1988-01-01
A compact range for testing antennas or radar targets includes a source for directing energy along a feedline toward a parabolic reflector. The reflected wave is a spherical wave with a radius dependent on the distance of the source from the focal point of the reflector.
Supersymmetric inversion of effective-range expansions
Bikashkali Midya; Jérémie Evrard; Sylvain Abramowicz; O. L. Ramírez Suárez; Jean-Marc Sparenberg
2015-05-26
A complete and consistent inversion technique is proposed to derive an accurate interaction potential from an effective-range function for a given partial wave in the neutral case. First, the effective-range function is Taylor or Pad\\'e expanded, which allows high precision fitting of the experimental scattering phase shifts with a minimal number of parameters on a large energy range. Second, the corresponding poles of the scattering matrix are extracted in the complex wave-number plane. Third, the interaction potential is constructed with supersymmetric transformations of the radial Schr\\"odinger equation. As an illustration, the method is applied to the experimental phase shifts of the neutron-proton elastic scattering in the $^1S_0$ and $^1D_2$ channels on the $[0-350]$ MeV laboratory energy interval.
Higher harmonics generation in relativistic electron beam with virtual cathode
Kurkin, S. A., E-mail: KurkinSA@gmail.com; Badarin, A. A.; Koronovskii, A. A.; Hramov, A. E. [Saratov State Technical University, Politechnicheskaja 77, Saratov 410028, Russia and Saratov State University, Astrakhanskaja 83, Saratov 410012 (Russian Federation)
2014-09-15
The study of the microwave generation regimes with intense higher harmonics taking place in a high-power vircator consisting of a relativistic electron beam with a virtual cathode has been made. The characteristics of these regimes, in particular, the typical spectra and their variations with the change of the system parameters (beam current, the induction of external magnetic field) as well as physical processes occurring in the system have been analyzed by means of 3D electromagnetic simulation. It has been shown that the system under study demonstrates the tendency to the sufficient growth of the amplitudes of higher harmonics in the spectrum of current oscillations in the VC region with the increase of beam current. The obtained results allow us to consider virtual cathode oscillators as promising high power mmw-to-THz sources.
Freely floating structures trapping time-harmonic water waves (revisited)
Nikolay Kuznetsov; Oleg Motygin
2014-10-22
We study the coupled small-amplitude motion of the mechanical system consisting of infinitely deep water and a structure immersed in it. The former is bounded above by a free surface, whereas the latter is formed by an arbitrary finite number of surface-piercing bodies floating freely. The mathematical model of time-harmonic motion is a spectral problem in which the frequency of oscillations serves as the spectral parameter. It is proved that there exist axisymmetric structures consisting of $N \\geq 2$ bodies; every structure has the following properties: (i) a time-harmonic wave mode is trapped by it; (ii) some of its bodies (may be none) are motionless, whereas the rest of the bodies (may be none) are heaving at the same frequency as water. The construction of these structures is based on a generalization of the semi-inverse procedure applied earlier for obtaining trapping bodies that are motionless although float freely.
High harmonic generation in hydrogen and helium atoms subject to one{ and two{color laser pulses
Gross, E.K.U.
High harmonic generation in hydrogen and helium atoms subject to one{ and two{color laser pulses Surzburg Germany Abstract. We present simulations of harmonic generation in hydrogen and helium solving for the generation of intense high{order harmonics are discussed. 1. Introduction Since the discovery of harmonic
Inertial range turbulence in kinetic plasmas
Howes, G G
2007-01-01
The transfer of turbulent energy through an inertial range from the driving scale to dissipative scales in a kinetic plasma followed by the conversion of this energy into heat is a fundamental plasma physics process. A theoretical foundation for the study of this process is constructed, but the details of the kinetic cascade are not well understood. Several important properties are identified: (a) the conservation of a generalized energy by the cascade; (b) the need for collisions to increase entropy and realize irreversible plasma heating; and (c) the key role played by the entropy cascade--a dual cascade of energy to small scales in both physical and velocity space--to convert ultimately the turbulent energy into heat. A strategy for nonlinear numerical simulations of kinetic turbulence is outlined. Initial numerical results are consistent with the operation of the entropy cascade. Inertial range turbulence arises in a broad range of space and astrophysical plasmas and may play an important role in the ther...
Measuring non-linear functionals of quantum harmonic oscillator states
K. L. Pregnell
2005-11-01
Using only linear interactions and a local parity measurement we show how entanglement can be detected between two harmonic oscillators. The scheme generalizes to measure both linear and non-linear functionals of an arbitrary oscillator state. This leads to many applications including purity tests, eigenvalue estimation, entropy and distance measures - all without the need for non-linear interactions or complete state reconstruction. Remarkably, experimental realization of the proposed scheme is already within the reach of current technology with linear optics.
Theory of the strongly-damped quantum harmonic oscillator
Stephen M. Barnett; James D. Cresser; Sarah Croke
2015-08-10
We analyse the properties of a strongly-damped quantum harmonic oscillator by means of an exact diagonalisation of the full Hamiltonian, including both the oscillator and the reservoir degrees of freedom to which it is coupled. Many of the properties of the oscillator, including its steady-state properties and entanglement with the reservoir can be understood and quantified in terms of a simple probability density, which we may associate with the ground-state frequency spectrum of the oscillator.
Vacuum high harmonic generation in the shock regime
Böhl, P; Ruhl, H
2015-01-01
Electrodynamics becomes nonlinear and permits the self-interaction of fields when the quantised nature of vacuum states is taken into account. The effect on a plane probe pulse propagating through a stronger constant crossed background is calculated using numerical simulation and by analytically solving the corresponding wave equation. The electromagnetic shock resulting from vacuum high harmonic generation is investigated and a nonlinear shock parameter identified.
Nonlinear Power Spectral Densities for the Harmonic Oscillator
B. D. Hauer; J. Maciejko; J. P. Davis
2015-06-13
In this paper, we discuss a general procedure by which nonlinear power spectral densities (PSDs) of the harmonic oscillator can be calculated in both the quantum and classical regimes. We begin with an introduction of the damped and undamped classical harmonic oscillator, followed by an overview of the quantum mechanical description of this system. A brief review of both the classical and quantum autocorrelation functions (ACFs) and PSDs follow. We then introduce a general method by which the kth-order PSD for the harmonic oscillator can be calculated, where $k$ is any positive integer. This formulation is verified by first reproducing the known results for the $k = 1$ case of the linear PSD. It is then extended to calculate the second-order PSD, useful in the field of quantum measurement, corresponding to the $k = 2$ case of the generalized method. In this process, damping is included into each of the quantum linear and quadratic PSDs, producing realistic models for the PSDs found in experiment. These quantum PSDs are shown to obey the correspondence principle by matching with what was calculated for their classical counterparts in the high temperature, high-Q limit. Finally, we demonstrate that our results can be reproduced using the fluctuation-dissipation theorem, providing an independent check of our resultant PSDs.
Range corrections in Proton Halo Nuclei
Ryberg, Emil; Hammer, H -W; Platter, Lucas
2015-01-01
We analyze the effects of finite-range corrections in halo effective field theory for S-wave proton halo nuclei. We calculate the charge radius to next-to-leading order and the astrophysical S-factor for low-energy proton capture to fifth order in the low-energy expansion. As an application, we confront our results with experimental data for the S-factor for proton capture on Oxygen-16 into the excited $1/2^+$ state of Fluorine-17. Our low-energy theory is characterized by a systematic low-energy expansion, which can be used to quantify an energy-dependent model error to be utilized in data fitting. Finally, we show that the existence of proton halos is suppressed by the need for two fine tunings in the underlying theory.
Forest and Range Experiment Station
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Polar Till Define-i Our Seasons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Sun-Eanh Energy Relations Earth-Sun Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I The Sun Affects Our Forests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Energy Balance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Local Energy Relations
Hoffman, Garlyn O.
1957-01-01
need a good knowledge of range man- asemen2 b~f~re m~kjng CID?E CD~~B~~DDS DY range plots as is required in Part 111. An ex- ample of Part I11 is on page 12. The four range plots are placed just exactly like placing a class of livestock at a stock... good cover of native grass. Grass is a product which is harvested and marketed as meat, ~uool, mohair and wildlife. When you market animals you are paid for the number of poz~nds rather than the number of head you sell. By practicing good range m...
Extended range chemical sensing apparatus
Hughes, R.C.; Schubert, W.K.
1994-01-18
An apparatus is described for sensing chemicals over extended range of concentrations. In particular, first and second sensors each having separate, but overlapping ranges for sensing concentrations of hydrogen are provided. Preferably, the first sensor is a MOS solid state device wherein the metal electrode or gate is a nickel alloy. The second sensor is a chemiresistor comprising a nickel alloy. 6 figures.
PACIFIC SOUTHWEST Forest and Range
PACIFIC SOUTHWEST Forest and Range Experiment Station Ash Leachate Can Reduce Surface Erosion leachate can reduce surface erosion. Res. Note PSW-342, 4 p., illus. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Exp from north- western California, ash leachate flocculated the clay frac- tions. As a result, the soil
Derrien, H
2005-12-05
The neutron resonance parameters of {sup 238}U were obtained from a SAMMY analysis of high-resolution neutron transmission measurements and high-resolution capture cross section measurements performed at the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) in the years 1970-1990, and from more recent transmission and capture cross section measurements performed at the Geel Linear Accelerator (GELINA). Compared with previous evaluations, the energy range for this resonance analysis was extended from 10 to 20 keV, taking advantage of the high resolution of the most recent ORELA transmission measurements. The experimental database and the method of analysis are described in this report. The neutron transmissions and the capture cross sections calculated with the resonance parameters are compared with the experimental data. A description is given of the statistical properties of the resonance parameters and of the recommended values of the average parameters. The new evaluation results in a slight decrease of the effective capture resonance integral and improves the prediction of integral thermal benchmarks by 70 pcm to 200 pcm.
One-dimensional long-range diffusion-limited aggregation III -- The limit aggregate
Gideon Amir
2015-04-06
In this paper we study the structure of the limit aggregate $A_\\infty = \\bigcup_{n\\geq 0} A_n$ of the one-dimensional long range diffusion limited aggregation process defined in [AABK09]. We show (under some regularity conditions) that for walks with finite third moment $A_\\infty$ has renewal structure and positive density, while for walks with finite variance the renewal structure no longer exists and $A_\\infty$ has 0 density. We define a tree structure on the aggregates and show some results on the degrees and number of ends of these random trees. We introduce a new "harmonic competition" model where different colours compete for harmonic measure, and show how the tree structure is related to coexistence in this model.
Range Searching in Categorical Data: Colored Range Searching on Grid
Agarwal, Pankaj K.
, gsat @cs.duke.edu ľ AT&T Labs, Shannon Laboratory, 180 Park Ave., Florham Park, NJ 07932. muthu each stock has a category that is the industry sector it belongs to, and we consider a range
A multiple deep attenuation frequency window for harmonic analysis in power systems
Daponte, P.; Falcomata, G. . Dept. di Elettronica Informatica e Sistemistica); Testa, A. . Dipt. di Ingegneria Elettrica)
1994-04-01
A novel window is presented and applied in electrical power system harmonic analysis. The goal of increasing the resolvability of low magnitude non-harmonic tones close in frequency to higher magnitude harmonics and the detectability of very low magnitude high frequency harmonics is pursued. The proposed window is derived from the Tseng window; its spectrum can be modeled in the synthesis stage and it is characterized by a narrow width main lobe and by sidelobes which are very low in correspondence to some specified frequencies. Numerical experiments demonstrate the performances and the usefulness of the new window in resolving periodic distorted waveforms in power systems.
Numerical studies of third-harmonic generation in laser filament in air perturbed by plasma spot
Feng Liubin; Lu Xin; Liu Xiaolong; Li Yutong; Chen Liming; Ma Jinglong; Dong Quanli; Wang Weimin; Xi Tingting; Sheng Zhengming; Zhang Jie; He Duanwei
2012-07-15
Third-harmonic emission from laser filament intercepted by plasma spot is studied by numerical simulations. Significant enhancement of the third-harmonic generation is obtained due to the disturbance of the additional plasma. The contribution of the pure plasma effect and the possible plasma-enhanced third-order susceptibility on the third-harmonic generation enhancement are compared. It is shown that the plasma induced cancellation of destructive interference [Y. Liu et al., Opt. Commun. 284, 4706 (2011)] of two-colored filament is the dominant mechanism of the enhancement of third-harmonic generation.
Harmonic coordinates in the string and membrane equations
Chun-Lei He; Shou-Jun Huang
2010-04-16
In this note, we first show that the solutions to Cauchy problems for two versions of relativistic string and membrane equations are diffeomorphic. Then we investigate the coordinates transformation presented in Ref. [9] (see (2.20) in Ref. [9]) which plays an important role in the study on the dynamics of the motion of string in Minkowski space. This kind of transformed coordinates are harmonic coordinates, and the nonlinear relativistic string equations can be straightforwardly simplified into linear wave equations under this transformation.
Temperature-insensitive phase-matched optical harmonic conversion crystal
Barker, C.E.; Eimerl, D.; Velsko, S.P.; Roberts, D.
1993-11-23
Temperature-insensitive, phase-matched harmonic frequency conversion of laser light at a preferred wavelength of 1.064 microns can be achieved by use of a crystal of deuterated l-arginine phosphate. The crystal is cut and oriented so that the laser light propagates inside the crystal along one of several required directions, which correspond to a temperature-insensitive, phase-matching locus. The method of measuring and calculating the temperature-insensitive, phase-matching angles can be extended to other fundamental wavelengths and other crystal compositions. 12 figures.
On the harmonic oscillator on the Lobachevsky plane
P. Stovicek; M. Tusek
2007-09-24
We introduce the harmonic oscillator on the Lobachevsky plane with the aid of the potential $V(r)=(a^2\\omega^2/4)sinh(r/a)^2$ where $a$ is the curvature radius and $r$ is the geodesic distance from a fixed center. Thus the potential is rotationally symmetric and unbounded likewise as in the Euclidean case. The eigenvalue equation leads to the differential equation of spheroidal functions. We provide a basic numerical analysis of eigenvalues and eigenfunctions in the case when the value of the angular momentum, $m$, equals 0.
Harmonic Initial-Boundary Evolution in General Relativity
Maria C. Babiuc; Bela Szilagyi; Jeffrey Winicour
2006-03-14
Computational techniques which establish the stability of an evolution-boundary algorithm for a model wave equation with shift are incorporated into a well-posed version of the initial-boundary value problem for gravitational theory in harmonic coordinates. The resulting algorithm is implemented as a 3-dimensional numerical code which we demonstrate to provide stable, convergent Cauchy evolution in gauge wave and shifted gauge wave testbeds. Code performance is compared for Dirichlet, Neumann and Sommerfeld boundary conditions and for boundary conditions which explicitly incorporate constraint preservation. The results are used to assess strategies for obtaining physically realistic boundary data by means of Cauchy-characteristic matching.
A theoretical basis for the Harmonic Balance Method
García-Saldańa, Johanna D
2012-01-01
The Harmonic Balance method provides a heuristic approach for finding truncated Fourier series as an approximation to the periodic solutions of ordinary differential equations. Another natural way for obtaining these type of approximations consists in applying numerical methods. In this paper we recover the pioneering results of Stokes and Urabe that provide a theoretical basis for proving that near these truncated series, whatever is the way they have been obtained, there are actual periodic solutions of the equation. We will restrict our attention to one-dimensional non-autonomous ordinary differential equations and we apply the results obtained to a couple of concrete examples coming from planar autonomous systems.
Can Classical Linear Harmonic Oscillator Hold Chaotic (Fractal) Dynamics
Vladan Pankovi?
2009-08-16
In this work a classical linear harmonic oscillator, evolving during a small time interval (so that simple non-linear, second order Taylor approximation of the dynamics is satisfied) and restarting (by a mechanism) in a strictly chosen series of the time moments, is considered. It is shown that given linear oscillator behaves dynamically analogously to discrete logistic equation, which, as an especial case, includes chaotic (fractal) behaviour too. (All this refers too on the analogous quantum systems, e.g. ammonia molecule with simple vibration dynamics of the atoms many times perturbed by measurements in strictly defined time moments.
A non-conforming 3D spherical harmonic transport solver
Van Criekingen, S.
2006-07-01
A new 3D transport solver for the time-independent Boltzmann transport equation has been developed. This solver is based on the second-order even-parity form of the transport equation. The angular discretization is performed through the expansion of the angular neutron flux in spherical harmonics (PN method). The novelty of this solver is the use of non-conforming finite elements for the spatial discretization. Such elements lead to a discontinuous flux approximation. This interface continuity requirement relaxation property is shared with mixed-dual formulations such as the ones based on Raviart-Thomas finite elements. Encouraging numerical results are presented. (authors)
Dundas, Daniel
2012-01-01
A mixed quantum-classical approach is introduced which allows the dynamically response of molecules driven far from equilibrium to be modeled. This method is applied here to the interaction of molecules with intense, short-duration laser pulses. The electronic response of the molecule is described using time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) and the resulting Kohn-Sham equations are solved numerically using finite difference techniques in conjunction with local and global adaptations of an underlying grid in curvilinear coordinates. Using this approach, simulations can be carried out for a wide range of molecules and both all-electron and pseudopotential calculations can be performed. The approach is applied to the study of high harmonic generation in N_2 and benzene using linearly-polarized laser pulses and to the best of our knowledge, the results for benzene represent the first TDDFT calculations of high harmonic generation in benzene using linearly polarized laser pulses. For N_2 an enhancement ...
A Harmonic Potential Approach for Simultaneous Planning and Control of a Generic UAV Platform
Masoud, Ahmad A.
A Harmonic Potential Approach for Simultaneous Planning and Control of a Generic UAV Platform Ahmad and control of a large variety of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) is tackled using the harmonic potential to regulate the velocity of the UAV concerned in a manner that would propel the UAV to a target point while
Aalborg Universitet Harmonic Analysis of Offshore Wind Farms with Full Converter Wind Turbines
Bak, Claus Leth
Aalborg Universitet Harmonic Analysis of Offshore Wind Farms with Full Converter Wind Turbines Analysis of Offshore Wind Farms with Full Converter Wind Turbines. In Proceeding of the 8th International.aau.dk on: juli 06, 2015 #12; Abstract--This paper presents the harmonic analysis of offshore wind farm (OWF
Circular Harmonic Decomposition Approach for Numerical Inversion of Circular Radon Transforms
Louis, Alfred K.
Circular Harmonic Decomposition Approach for Numerical Inversion of Circular Radon Transforms Gaël@num.uni-sb.de ABSTRACT Numerical inversions via circular harmonic decomposition for two classes of circular Radon transforms are established. The first class deals with the Radon transform (RT) de- fined on circular arcs
EXPONENTIAL RADON TRANSFORM INVERSION BASED ON HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF THE EUCLIDEAN MOTION GROUP
Yazici, Birsen
EXPONENTIAL RADON TRANSFORM INVERSION BASED ON HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF THE EUCLIDEAN MOTION GROUP Can Engineering Troy, NY ABSTRACT This paper presents a new method for the exponential Radon trans- form inversion based on harmonic analysis of the Euclidean mo- tion group (M(2)). The exponential Radon transform
RADON TRANSFORM INVERSION BASED ON HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF THE EUCLIDEAN MOTION GROUP
Yazici, Birsen
RADON TRANSFORM INVERSION BASED ON HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF THE EUCLIDEAN MOTION GROUP Can Evren Yarman of the projection slice theorem using harmonic analysis of the Euclidean motion group (M(N)). The Radon transform to new algo- rithms for the inversion of the Radon transform. 1. INTRODUCTION The Radon transform forms
Moiseyev, Nimrod
2006 We analyze the dynamical symmetries and the selection rules relevant to the process of production of high-order harmonics as a result of irradiating an atom with strong, continuous bichromatic laser spectrum of harmonics could be a source for the production of attosecond light pulses. We demonstrate our
Hydrogen Generation from Water Disassociation Using Small Currents and Harmonics Trien N. Nguyen1
Zhou, Yaoqi
Hydrogen Generation from Water Disassociation Using Small Currents and Harmonics Trien N. Nguyen1 1 Department of Physics, Purdue School of Science Hydrogen can be produced cheaply and efficiently from water sources using a combination of harmonics and small currents. Hydrogen is a clean and virtually
ZAGIER-TYPE DUALITIES AND LIFTING MAPS FOR HARMONIC MAASS-JACOBI FORMS
Bringmann, Kathrin
ZAGIER-TYPE DUALITIES AND LIFTING MAPS FOR HARMONIC MAASS-JACOBI FORMS KATHRIN BRINGMANN AND OLAV K. RICHTER Abstract. The real-analytic Jacobi forms of Zwegers' Ph.D. thesis play an important role. In this paper, we introduce harmonic Maass-Jacobi forms, which include the classical Jacobi forms as well
Konofagou, Elisa E.
beams) that has a stable focal zone for the applied harmonic radiation force. The harmonic radiation tissues remain unheated. The ability of HIFU to cause irreversible cell damage in tissues has received are with the Department of Biomedical Engineering of Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 phone: 212- 342-1611; fax
Noncollinear second-harmonic generation in sub-micrometer-poled RbTiOPO4
Arie, Ady
Noncollinear second-harmonic generation in sub-micrometer-poled RbTiOPO4 S. Moscovich, A. Arie, R generated noncollinear quasi-phase-matched second harmonic wave in an RbTiOPO4 crystal that was poled using systematic nonlinear frequency conversion study of samples produced by the HV-AFM method. The short poling
Optical second-harmonic generation selection rules and resonances in buried oxide interfaces
Marrucci, Lorenzo
Optical second-harmonic generation selection rules and resonances in buried oxide interfaces-two-dimensional electron gas at the interface between the band insulators LaAlO3 and SrTiO3 is still not fully understood. Interface- sensitive optical second-harmonic spectroscopy can shed light on this mechanism, by accessing
Tonopah test range - outpost of Sandia National Laboratories
Johnson, L.
1996-03-01
Tonopah Test Range is a unique historic site. Established in 1957 by Sandia Corporation, Tonopah Test Range in Nevada provided an isolated place for the Atomic Energy Commission to test ballistics and non-nuclear features of atomic weapons. It served this and allied purposes well for nearly forty years, contributing immeasurably to a peaceful conclusion to the long arms race remembered as the Cold War. This report is a brief review of historical highlights at Tonopah Test Range. Sandia`s Los Lunas, Salton Sea, Kauai, and Edgewood testing ranges also receive abridged mention. Although Sandia`s test ranges are the subject, the central focus is on the people who managed and operated the range. Comments from historical figures are interspersed through the narrative to establish this perspective, and at the end a few observations concerning the range`s future are provided.
Ruberti, M.; Averbukh, V. [Department of Physics, Imperial College London, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Decleva, P. [Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Universita’ di Trieste, Via Giorgieri 1, I-34127 Trieste (Italy)
2014-10-28
We present the first implementation of the ab initio many-body Green's function method, algebraic diagrammatic construction (ADC), in the B-spline single-electron basis. B-spline versions of the first order [ADC(1)] and second order [ADC(2)] schemes for the polarization propagator are developed and applied to the ab initio calculation of static (photoionization cross-sections) and dynamic (high-order harmonic generation spectra) quantities. We show that the cross-section features that pose a challenge for the Gaussian basis calculations, such as Cooper minima and high-energy tails, are found to be reproduced by the B-spline ADC in a very good agreement with the experiment. We also present the first dynamic B-spline ADC results, showing that the effect of the Cooper minimum on the high-order harmonic generation spectrum of Ar is correctly predicted by the time-dependent ADC calculation in the B-spline basis. The present development paves the way for the application of the B-spline ADC to both energy- and time-resolved theoretical studies of many-electron phenomena in atoms, molecules, and clusters.
Performance study of a soft X-ray harmonic generation FEL seeded with an EUV laser pulse
Gullans, M.; Wurtele, J.S.; Penn, G.; Zholents, A.A.
2007-01-01
X-ray Harmonic Generation FEL Seeded with an EUV Laser PulseX-ray harmonic generation FEL seeded with an EUV laser pulseof a free electron laser (FEL) using a low-power extreme
Forest and Range Experiment Station
wider range of suppliers. As working circles beyond the size of a single National Forest have recently. Alternatives for expansion of working circles must be assessed in light of present Forest Service timber management policy and the impacts of timber supply. These alternates include (a) combination of National
Deuterium Beam Acceleration with 3rd Harmonic ICRH in Joint European Torus: Sawtooth Stabilization and Alfvén Eigenmodes
HARMONIC FUNCTIONS FOR SEA-SURFACE TEMPERATURES AND SALINITIES, KOKO HEAD, OAHU, 1956-69, AND SEA-SURFACE TEMPERATURES, CHRISTMAS ISLAND, 1954-69 GUNTHER It SECKEL' AND MARIAN Y. Y. YONG' ABSTRACT Harmonic functions, with daily sampling, are on average 0.07° C. Harmonic analysis spanning the entire sampling duration shows
p-HARMONIC MEASURE IS NOT SUBADDITIVE JOSE G. LLORENTE, JUAN J. MANFREDI, AND JANG-MEI WU
Wu, Jang-Mei
p-HARMONIC MEASURE IS NOT SUBADDITIVE JOSÂ´E G. LLORENTE, JUAN J. MANFREDI, AND JANG-MEI WU. When 1 harmonic mea- sure on the boundary of the half plane R2 + is not subadditive. In fact, there are finitely many sets E1, E2,...,E on R, of p-harmonic measure zero, such that E1
Becker, Andreas
2015-01-01
in low-order-harmonic generation A. Spott, A. Becker, and A. Jaro´n-Becker JILA and Department of Physics 2015) We present results of ab initio numerical calculations for low-order-harmonic generation as well of the susceptibilities for third- and fifth-order-harmonic generation. We find that the transition from perturbative
with the wave's third harmonic. Indeed, if a slightly mismatched process of third-harmonic generation leadsSeptember 15, 1997 / Vol. 22, No. 18 / OPTICS LETTERS 1385 Modification of solitary waves by third-harmonic generation Rowland A. Sammut and Alexander V. Buryak School of Mathematics and Statistics, University College
Long range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) System | Open Energy
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervarLeeds, UnitedLibertyLite OnCounty
Optimum Transmission Range for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks
Deng, Jing
Optimum Transmission Range for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Jing Deng Dept. of EECS Syracuse Univ-- The transmission range that achieves the most economical use of energy in wireless ad hoc networks is studied under homogeneous node distribution. By as- suming the knowledge of node location, we first proposed a transmission