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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Cotton  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cotton Cotton Nature Bulletin No. 464 September 29, 1956 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Daniel Ryan, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist COTTON Illinois is considered a northern state. Travelers are astonished when they see fields of cotton in its southernmost counties. They do not realize that Cairo, where the Ohio river empties into the Mississippi, is on the same parallel of latitude as the north boundaries of three cotton- growing states: Oklahoma, New Mexico and Arizona. Cotton, a tropical plant which has been adapted to temperate regions where there is a growing season of six months or more, is the world's most important source of fiber. Man depends mainly upon cotton for his clothing and other textiles. Countless uses have been found for it and its by-products. It enters into the daily life of more of the world's peoples than any other product except salt.

2

Cotton Growing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cotton Growing Cotton Growing Name: anna Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Hi, My name is Anna, and I live in southern Maryland. Everybody i ask says I'm crazy or they don't have a clue about growing cotton. I believe any thing is possible. I would love to grow some not as a crop because i dont have that much room. But ihave even gone to places like SouthernStates and they can't hlep me even find seeds or whatever it is you plant. If yu could please tell me how to get some, along with maybe some instruction to grow it. I would be mighty obliged, Well Thank You Kindly For any help. P.S. please don't tell me you can't grow cotton in Maryland. L, Anna Replies: Dear Anna, The following may be useful: http://muextension.missouri.edu/xplor/agguides/crops/g04268.htm

3

Why Sequence Cotton?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cotton? Cotton? The Gossypium (cotton) genus presents a novel opportunity to advance our understanding of the natural world and organic evolution, while nurturing bio-based carbon sequestration alternatives to petrochemical use and improving the sustainability of crop production. The genus has spawned one of the world's most important crops (cotton), which sustains one of the world's largest industries (textiles). The value of cotton fiber grown in the USA is typically about $6 billion/yr. Cottonseed oil and meal byproducts add $500 million/yr. More than 440,000 domestic jobs are related to cotton production and processing, with an aggregate influence of about $120 billion/yr on the US gross domestic product and estimated $500 billion/yr worldwide. Increasing the durability and strength of cotton

4

LCA Harmonization  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Loading... Loading... About Box & Whisker Scatter Data References Publications Definitions definitions LCA Harmonization The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Harmonization project systematically reviewed estimates of life cycle GHG emissions from electricity generation technologies published between 1970 and 2010. LCAs consider emissions from all stages in the life cycle of an electricity generation technology, from component manufacturing, to operation of the generation facility to its decommissioning, and including acquisition, processing and transport of any required fuels. For selected technologies, a meta-analytical procedure called "harmonization" was applied to adjust estimates so that they were methodologically more consistent and therefore more comparable. This

5

Harmonic engine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high efficiency harmonic engine based on a resonantly reciprocating piston expander that extracts work from heat and pressurizes working fluid in a reciprocating piston compressor. The engine preferably includes harmonic oscillator valves capable of oscillating at a resonant frequency for controlling the flow of working fluid into and out of the expander, and also preferably includes a shunt line connecting an expansion chamber of the expander to a buffer chamber of the expander for minimizing pressure variations in the fluidic circuit of the engine. The engine is especially designed to operate with very high temperature input to the expander and very low temperature input to the compressor, to produce very high thermal conversion efficiency.

Bennett, Charles L. (Livermore, CA)

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

6

All Cotton | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cotton Cotton Jump to: navigation, search Name All Cotton Place Goias, Brazil Product Cooperative of Cotton producers in the state of Goias, Brazil, which operates in the biofuel industry. Coordinates 42.680161°, -8.09135° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.680161,"lon":-8.09135,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

7

Sampling nucleotide diversity in cotton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

showed the highest level of diversity of the species testedin our study for over 1,900 loci. Among species diversitySNP diversity in cotton has a large range that is both

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Why Sequence the Simplest Cotton Genome?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sequence the Simplest Cotton Genome? Sequence the Simplest Cotton Genome? Cotton is one of the world's most important crops, and it sustains one of the world's largest industries (textiles). The value of cotton fiber and byproducts grown in the USA is typically about $6-7 billion/yr. More than 440,000 domestic jobs are related to cotton processing, with an aggregate influence of ~$120 billion/yr on the US gross domestic product and ~$500 billion/yr worldwide. Increased durability and strength of cotton fiber offers the opportunity to replace synthetic fibers that require more than 200 million barrels of petroleum per year to produce in the USA alone, also increasing use of bio-based products and increasing farm income. Its seed oil, and also byproducts of cotton processing, are potential raw materials

9

Durable and Non-Toxic Topical Flame Retardants for Cotton and Cotton Blends.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Flame retardant chemicals were used as topical finishes on cotton and cotton blended fabric. Comparison of flame resistance and durability of non-bromine/non-antimony flame retardants were (more)

Mathews, Marc Christopher

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Cotton Market News Search | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cotton Market News Search Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov Communities Agriculture Data...

11

Spider Mites on Cotton in the Midsouth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.P. Tunstall (Eds.), Insect Pests of Cotton. CAB, Wallingford. Jeppson, L.R., H.H. Keifer and E.W. Baker. 1975

Behmer, Spencer T.

12

Unsafe chromium from cotton ginneries and development of a rubberized cotton fabric roller for cotton roller gins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper realizes the hazards of chromium contamination and pollution caused in the use of chrome composite leather-clad (CCLC) rollers commonly used in cotton roller ginning industries and attempts to eliminate the chromium contamination and pollution ... Keywords: chromium, cotton, gin, ginning, health, pollution, process, roll, roller, rubber

Vijayan Gurumurthy Iyer; Nikos E. Mastorakis

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Unsafe chromium from cotton ginneries and development of a rubberized cotton fabric roller for cotton roller gins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper realizes the hazards of chromium contamination and pollution caused in the use of chrome composite leather-clad (CCLC) rollers commonly used in cotton roller ginning industries and attempts to eliminate the chromium contamination and pollution ... Keywords: chromium, cotton, ginning, gins, pollution, rollers

Gurumurthy Vijayan Iyer; Nikos E. Mastorakis

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Unsafe chromium from cotton ginneries and development of a rubberized cotton fabric roller for cotton roller gins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper realizes the hazards of chromium contamination and pollution caused in the use of chrome composite leather-clad (CCLC) rollers commonly used in cotton roller ginning industries and attempts to eliminate the chromium contamination and pollution ... Keywords: chromium, cotton lint, fibre, ginning, roller, separation

Gurumurthy Vijayan Iyer; Nikos E. Mastorakis

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Development of a Seed Cotton Fiber Quality Sensing System For Cotton Fiber Quality Mapping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For precision agriculture to work, an automated process to collect spatial-variability data within a field is necessary. Otherwise, data collection is prohibitively expensive and time consuming. Furthermore, to minimize measurement error due to harvesting method, data-collection processes involving normal cotton harvesting and ginning operations must be used. For the case of cotton, an automated prototype system using image processing to measure the micronaire value of cotton fiber during harvest was designed and built in the laboratory. This system was tested with two image-processing algorithms to identify and remove the effects of objects present in the images that were not cotton fiber, and then measure the reflectivity in three Near-Infrared (NIR) wavebands. Both algorithms yielded similar results when used on seed cotton samples. The reflectivity measurement after removing the effects of foreign matter had a strong relationship to standard micronaire measurements (R^2= 0.73 and 0.74 for the ratio-image and single-image algorithms, respectively) with a root mean squared error (RMSE) of 0.28 and 0.27, respectively. The ratio-image pixel classification method classified an average of 58% of the pixels in an image as "cotton", while the single-image method classified an average of 81% of the pixels in each image as cotton. These results do not show as strong a relationship between micronaire and NIR reflectivity of cotton samples as previous research done with very uniform lint cotton calibration samples. This is attributed to the higher content of foreign matter in seed cotton samples. With higher trash cotton and fiber that has not yet been cleaned, results obviously are not as good as when using calibration cotton samples. These results indicate the system can be adapted to perform in-situ measurement of cotton fiber quality, specifically micronaire, and enable harvesters to create quality maps of a field automatically to allow better crop management.

Schielack, Vincent Paul

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Conservation tillage production systems compared in San Joaquin Valley cotton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of overall cotton production costs. These operations reduce48% to 62%, and overall production costs by 14% to ince themore of overall cotton-production costs (Carter 1996). These

Mitchell, Jeffrey; Munk, Dan; Prys, Bob; Klonsky, Karen; Wroble, Jon; De Moura, Rich

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Electrical Resistance Investigation of Cotton Fabrics After Treating ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Electrical Resistance Investigation of Cotton Fabrics After ... the Piezodielectric Effect of Carbon Fiber Sulphoaluminate Cement Composites.

18

Harmonizing Above Code Codes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Harmonizing "Above Code" Harmonizing "Above Code" Codes Doug Lewin Executive Director, SPEER 6 Regional Energy Efficiency Organizations SPEER Members Texas grid facing an energy crisis * No new generation coming online * Old, inefficient coal-fired plants going offline * ERCOT CEO Trip Doggett said "We are very concerned about the significant drop in the reserve margin...we will be very tight on capacity next summer and have a repeat of this year's emergency procedures and conservation appeals." Higher codes needed to relieve pressure Building Codes are forcing change * 2012 IECC 30% higher than 2006 IECC * IRC, the "weaker code," will mirror IECC in 2012 * City governments advancing local codes with

19

Cotton Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cotton Electric Coop, Inc Cotton Electric Coop, Inc Place Oklahoma Utility Id 4401 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Service High Density-Single Phase Commercial Commercial Service High Density-Three Phase Commercial Commercial Service-Single Phase Commercial Commercial Service-Three Phase Commercial Commercial Time -Of- Use Service-Single Phase Commercial Commercial Time -Of- Use Service-Three Phase Commercial Cotton Gins Industrial General Service High Density-Single Phase Residential

20

Harmonic generation at high intensities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atomic electrons subject to intense laser fields can absorb many photons, leading either to multiphoton ionization or the emission of a single, energetic photon which can be a high multiple of the laser frequency. The latter process, high-order harmonic generation, has been observed experimentally using a range of laser wavelengths and intensities over the past several years. Harmonic generation spectra have a generic form: a steep decline for the low order harmonics, followed by a plateau extending to high harmonic order, and finally an abrupt cutoff beyond which no harmonics are discernible. During the plateau the harmonic production is a very weak function of the process order. Harmonic generation is a promising source of coherent, tunable radiation in the XUV to soft X-ray range which could have a variety of scientific and possibly technological applications. Its conversion from an interesting multiphoton phenomenon to a useful laboratory radiation source requires a complete understanding of both its microscopic and macroscopic aspects. We present some recent results on the response of single atoms at intensities relevant to the short pulse experiments. The calculations employ time-dependent methods, which we briefly review in the next section. Following that we discuss the behavior of the harmonics as a function of laser intensity. Two features are notable: the slow scaling of the harmonic intensities with laser intensity, and the rapid variation in the phase of the individual harmonics with respect to harmonic order. We then give a simple empirical formula that predicts the extent of the plateau for a given ionization potential, wavelength and intensity.

Schafer, K.J.; Krause, J.L.; Kulander, K.C.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

LCA Harmonization | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LCA Harmonization LCA Harmonization Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: LCA Harmonization Agency/Company /Organization: NREL Sector: Energy Focus Area: Greenhouse Gas Phase: Evaluate Options, Prepare a Plan Resource Type: Online calculator User Interface: Website Website: en.openei.org/apps/LCA/ Web Application Link: en.openei.org/apps/LCA/ Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Featured References: Background and Reflections on the Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Project[1] National Renewable Energy Laboratory[2] The LCA Harmonization project systematically reviewed estimates of life cycle GHG emissions from electricity generation technologies published between 1970 and 2010. This application (app) allows for customized visualization of summary statistics and the underlying published estimates

22

Patent Harmonization: Creating Uniform Patent Laws  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Patent Harmonization: Creating Uniform Patent Laws. David V. Radack. You may have seen or heard the phrase "patent harmonization" used when discussing...

23

Harmonic oscillator and nuclear pseudospin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A generalized relativistic harmonic oscillator for spin 1/2 particles is studied. The Dirac Hamiltonian contains a scalar S and a vector V quadratic potentials in the radial coordinate

Ronai Lisboa; Manuel Malheiro; Antonio S. de Castro; Pedro Alberto; Manuel Fiolhais

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Nano Res (2010) 3: 452458452 Aqueous Supercapacitors on Conductive Cotton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nano Res (2010) 3: 452­458452 Aqueous Supercapacitors on Conductive Cotton Mauro Pasta1,2 , Fabio the fabrication of wearable supercapacitors using cotton fabric as an essential component. Carbon nanotubes in the supercapacitor. Aqueous lithium sulfate is used as the electrolyte in the devices, because it presents no safety

Cui, Yi

25

Analyzing harmonic monitoring data using data mining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Harmonic monitoring has become an important tool for harmonic management in distribution systems. A comprehensive harmonic monitoring program has been designed and implemented on a typical electrical MV distribution system in Australia. The monitoring ... Keywords: classification, clustering, data mining, harmonics, monitoring system, power quality, segmentation

Ali Asheibi; David Stirling; Danny Soetanto

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Harmonic analysis of electrical distribution systems  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data pertaining to research on harmonics of electric power distribution systems. Harmonic data is presented on RMS and average measurements for determination of harmonics in buildings; fluorescent ballast; variable frequency drive; georator geosine harmonic data; uninterruptible power supply; delta-wye transformer; westinghouse suresine; liebert datawave; and active injection mode filter data.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Asymmetric Gaussian harmonic steering in second harmonic generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that intracavity second harmonic generation can be a source of asymmetric Gaussian harmonic steering, which is adjustable by tuning the cavity loss rates at the fundamental and harmonic frequencies. Working in the semi-classical regime where the cavity is pumped at less than the self-pulsing intensity, we find that whether quantum steering is available via the standard measurements of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen correlations can depend on which quadrature measurements are inferred from output spectral measurements of the fundamental and the harmonic. Altering the ratios of the cavity loss rates can be used to tune the regions where symmetric steering is or is not available, with the results becoming asymmetric over all frequencies as the cavity damping at the fundamental frequency becomes significantly greater than that at the harmonic. This asymmetry and its functional dependence on frequency is a potential new tool for experimental quantum information science, with possible utility for quantum key distribution. Although we show the effect here for Gaussian measurements of the quadratures, and cannot rule out a return of the steering symmetry for some class of non-Gaussian measurements, we note here that the system obeys Gaussian statistics in the operating regime investigated and Gaussian inference is at least as accurate as any other method for calculating the necessary correlations.

M. K. Olsen

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

28

Fermion Quasi-Spherical Harmonics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spherical Harmonics, $Y_\\ell^m(\\theta,\\phi)$, are derived and presented (in a Table) for half-odd-integer values of $\\ell$ and $m$. These functions are eigenfunctions of $L^2$ and $L_z$ written as differential operators in the spherical-polar angles, $\\theta$ and $\\phi$. The Fermion Spherical Harmonics are a new, scalar and angular-coordinate-dependent representation of fermion spin angular momentum. They have $4\\pi$ symmetry in the angle $\\phi$, and hence are not single-valued functions on the Euclidean unit sphere; they are double-valued functions on the sphere, or alternatively are interpreted as having a double-sphere as their domain.

G. Hunter; P. Ecimovic; I. Schlifer; I. M. Walker; D. Beamish; S. Donev; M. Kowalski; S. Arslan; S. Heck

1998-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

29

Inheritance of cotton fiber length and distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fiber quality data from five upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) genotypes, which were grown at College Station, TX during 2001 and 2002, were subjected to diallel and generation means analyses to determine the potential for improvement of fiber length and to determine the inheritance of length distribution data. Four near-long staple (NLS) upland cotton genotypes and one short-staple genotype were crossed in all combinations, excluding reciprocals. Estimates of general (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) for fiber length based on Griffingâ??s diallel Model I, Method 4 were calculated for high volume instrumentation (HVI) upper-half mean (UHM) fiber length and advance fiber information system (AFIS) mean fiber length by weight (FLw), mean fiber length by number (FLn), upper quartile length by weight (Uqlw), fiber length distribution cross entropy (using 3 different standard or check distributions - CEA, CEB, and CEC), fiber length distribution kurtosis (FLwKurt), and fiber length distribution skewness (FLwSkew) for FLw. Across environments, GCA effects were significant for fiber length measurements of UHM, FLw, FLn, Uqlw, and SFCw and distribution measurements of CEA, CEB, FLwKurt, and FLwSkew. On the basis of GCA effects, TAM 94L-25 was the best parent to be used in a cross to improve upland fiber length, while Acala 1517-99 was the parent of choice to improve distribution among the 4 parents tested. The inheritance of AFIS fiber length measurements and distribution data was estimated using parents, F1, F2, and backcross generations. The magnitude and significance of the estimates for non-allelic effects in the parental combinations suggest that epistatic gene effects are present and important in the basic mechanism of AFIS fiber length and length distribution inheritance for the populations studied. Gene effects and variances for all AFIS fiber length and distribution data measurements were inherited differently in different environments and specific parental combination, suggesting environmentally specific mechanisms. Developing genotypes with enhanced fiber length and an optimal fiber length distribution should be a priority to improve spinning performance and product quality of U.S. upland cotton.

Braden, Chris Alan

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Prony analysis for power system transient harmonics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Proliferation of nonlinear loads in power systems has increased harmonic pollution and deteriorated power quality. Not required to have prior knowledge of existing harmonics, Prony analysis detects frequencies, magnitudes, phases, and especially damping ...

Li Qi; Lewei Qian; Stephen Woodruff; David Cartes

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

DOE Joint Genome Institute: Unraveling the Threads: Simplest cotton genome  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

December 19, 2012 December 19, 2012 Unraveling the Threads: Simplest cotton genome offers clues for fiber improvements From the stockings decorating mantles to the new outfits in display windows calling to shoppers, cotton is woven into the fabric of the holiday season. For bioenergy researchers, however, fiber composition matters more than color and texture as each cotton strand is composed of more than two dozen coils of cellulose, a target biomass for next-generation biofuels. In the December 20, 2012 edition of Nature, an international consortium of researchers from 31 institutions including a team from the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) present a high-quality draft assembly of the simplest cotton (Gossypium raimondii) genome. Additionally,

32

Eco-friendly rubberized cotton fabric roller for ginning machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper realizes the hazards of chromium contamination and pollution caused by the use of Chrome Composite Leather-Clad (CCLC) rollers commonly used in cotton roller ginning industries and attempts to eliminate the chromium contamination and pollution ...

Gurumurthy Vijayan Iyer; Nikos E. Mastorakis

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Automation of a Wireless Cotton Module Tracking System for Cotton Fiber Quality Mapping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ability to map the profit made across a cotton field would enable producers to see in detail where money is being made or lost on their farms. This ability, which requires sitespecific knowledge of yield, fiber quality, and input costs would further enable them to implement precise field management practices to ensure that they receive the highest return possible on each portion of a field and do not waste materials and other inputs throughout the field. Investigators at Texas A&M previously developed a wireless-GPS system that tracks where a module of cotton comes from within a field. This system is a necessary component in mapping fiber quality, which is a major determiner of price and thus profit. Three drawbacks to the previous wireless-GPS system are that (1) a person must manually trigger the system to send wireless communications when a field machine dumps its load of cotton, (2) multiple field machines of the same type (e.g., two cotton pickers) cannot be used simultaneously on the same system within the same field, and (3) no software is available to automatically produce fiber-quality maps after the data are downloaded from the gin. The first two drawbacks, the need for an automatic communication-triggering system and the needed capability for multiple field machines of the same type are the problems addressed in this work. To solve the first problem, a sensing and control system was added to a harvester to automatically indicate when the machine is dumping a basket load of cotton so that wireless messages can be automatically sent from the harvester to subsequent field machines without human intervention. This automated communication-triggering system was incorporated into the existing wireless- GPS system, rigorously field tested, and ultimately proven to operate as designed. Linking data collected with this system together with classing information will enable producers to create fiber-quality maps, and linking fiber-quality maps with yield and input-cost maps will enable them to create profit maps. Additionally, a radio-frequency identification (RFID) system was integrated with the wireless-GPS system to allow for multiple field machines of the same type. The RFID system was also rigorously field tested and proven to operate as designed. Finally, the entire system was field tested as a whole and operated according to design. Thus, the wireless-GPS module tracking system now operates without human intervention and works with multiple field machines of each type, two additional capabilities required for practical use in large farming operations.

Sjolander, Andrew J.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

The (n+1)-dimensional Harmonic Oscillator - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The (n+1)-dimensional harmonic oscillator equation is of the form: i $\\displaystyle \\phi_{t}^{}$ = $\\displaystyle \

35

Oldham County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6°, -102.6216211° 6°, -102.6216211° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.4247226,"lon":-102.6216211,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

36

Oldham County, Kentucky: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5.4788065° 5.4788065° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.3560025,"lon":-85.4788065,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

37

NREL: Energy Analysis: Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Life cycle assessment (LCA) harmonization helps lenders, utility executives, and lawmakers get the best, most precise information on greenhouse gas emissions from various sources of energy. LCA has been used to estimate and compare GHG emissions from utility-scale power systems for three decades, often with considerable variability in results. Harmonization provides more exact estimates of greenhouse-gas emissions for renewable and conventional electricity generation technologies, clarifying inconsistent and conflicting estimates in the published literature and reducing uncertainty. Highlights of Recent Studies Chart that compares published and harmonized lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions. For help reading this chart, please contact the webmaster.

38

Application of fuzzy cognitive maps for cotton yield management in precision farming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The management of cotton yield behavior in agricultural areas is a very important task because it influences and specifies the cotton yield production. An efficient knowledge-based approach utilizing the method of fuzzy cognitive maps (FCMs) for characterizing ... Keywords: Cotton, Decision making, Expert knowledge, Fuzzy cognitive maps, Learning algorithm, Modeling, Soil, Unsupervised learning, Yield

Elpiniki I. Papageorgiou; Athanasios Markinos; Theofanis Gemptos

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Harmonization of Federal and International Regulations | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and International Regulations Update of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA). Harmonization of Federal and...

40

Improving Clinical Laboratory Testing through Harmonization ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... involvement in harmonizing this category of clinical laboratory testing procedures. ... patients at risk from non-standardized laboratory test results and ...

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Remote sensing for detection of cotton aphid- (Homoptera : Aphididae) and spider mite- (Acari : Tetranychidae) infested cotton in the San Joaquin Valley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using multispectral remote sensing. Proc. Beltwide Cottonusing multispectral remote sensing. Proc. Beltwide CottonRichards, J.A. 1993. Remote sensing digital image analysis.

Reisig, D; Godfrey, L

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Impact of stray capacitance on hvdc harmonics  

SciTech Connect

Recent experience suggests that a new approach is needed to determining harmonic generation from hvdc converters for the purpose of telephone interference evaluation. This paper presents simulation results showing the effect on harmonic generation of stray capacitances inherent to hvdc converters. These simulation results illustrate the basic characteristics of the phenomenon, which agree qualitatively with field experience.

Larsen, E.V.; Sublich, M.; Kapoor, S.C.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

ANALYSIS OF THE REACTIVITY OF RADPRO SOLUTION WITH COTTON RAGS  

SciTech Connect

Rags containing RadPro{reg_sign} solution will be generated during the decontamination of the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP). Under normal conditions, the rags will be neutralized with sodium carbonate prior to placing in the drums. The concern with RadPro solutions and cotton rags is that some of the RadPro solutions contain nitric acid. Under the right conditions, nitric acid and cotton rags exothermically react. The concern is, will RadPro solutions react with cotton rags exothermically? The potential for a runaway reaction for any of the RadPro solutions used was studied in Section 5.2 of PNNL-15410, Thermal Stability Studies of Candidate Decontamination Agents for Hanford's Plutonium Finishing Plant Plutonium-Contaminated Gloveboxes. This report shows the thermal behavior of cotton rags having been saturated in one of the various neutralized and non-neutralized RadPro solutions. The thermal analysis was performed using thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) and Accelerating Rate Calorimetry (ARC).

MARUSICH RM

2009-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

44

Stresses resulting from compression of bulk cotton lint fibers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The modulus of elasticity, Poisson's ratio and shear modulus of bulk cotton lint fibers were determined. The cotton lint was compressed in an MTS machine to a predetermined density, and the resilient forces induced by the cotton lint after being compressed were measured. Finite element analysis was used to model force on cotton bale ties, and determine the magnitude of the resilient forces on the bale ties. The nodal forces on the bale tie material were evaluated for three different bale tie materials to determine if bale tie breakage would occur. Young's modulus of bulk lint cotton was found to be 9 MPa and the Poisson's ratio was 0. 1, while 12 MPa was recorded for the shear modulus. The FEA analysis showed that round steel ties, at six ties per bale were loaded at 5.9 % of their tensile yield strength, and at 5.4 % for eight ties per bale. Plastic ties were loaded at 11.9 % of their tensile yield strength at six ties per bale, and at 10.8 % at eight ties per bale. The flat steel ties were loaded at 10.7 % of their tensile yield strength at six ties per bale, and at 9.4 % at eight ties per bale. Depth adjustment on the basis of the sample depth to the actual depth resulted in plastic ties being loaded to 84 % of their tensile yield strength at six ties per bale. Round steel ties were loaded to 62% and the flat steel ties were loaded to 66% at six ties per bale.

Chimbombi, Ezekiel Maswe

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Building Technologies Office: Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Harmonization of Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Controls Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Controls Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Controls Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Controls Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Controls Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Controls Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Controls Research Project on

46

Harmonization of Federal and International Regulations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOT/PHMSA DOT/PHMSA Update Michael Conroy U.S. Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Office of Hazardous Materials Safety Radioactive Materials - 2 - HM-230 (1/26/04) Harmonized with 2000 Version of IAEA's 1996 Edition - 3 - Changes to the IAEA Regulations Since 2000 2003 Amendment 2005 Edition 2009 Edition U.S. Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Harmonization Rulemaking (HM-250) * Harmonize with 2009 Edition of TS-R-1 * Miscellaneous Other Fixes - Update, clarify, correct, or provide relief from certain regulatory requirements * DOT and NRC will both issue rulemakings - DOT NPRM Issued August 12, 2011 - NRC NPRM coming soon

47

The role of grain sorghum in conservation of predatory arthropods of Texas cotton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four separate but complimentary studies investigated the role of grain sorghum as a predator source for Southern Rolling Plains cotton in 2001 and 2002. Objectives were to: (1) determine the timing and magnitude of predator movement between crops, (2) test putative causes of movement by manipulating prey levels at different stages of crop phenology, (3) explore the feeding and reproductive behavior of a common predator colonizing cotton, and (4) examine the effects of grain sorghum and uncultivated areas on cotton predator abundance at an area-wide scale. Rubidium mark-recapture experiments indicated grain sorghum fields produced a net predator gain for adjacent cotton. Analysis suggested two coccinellids, Hippodamia convergens Gurin-Mneville and Scymnus loewii Mulsant, were responsible for the overall pattern of predator movement. Predator movement into cotton did not appear to be concentrated at specific stages of sorghum phenology. Manipulations of aphid levels in field cages were used to determine if prey abundance or phenology influenced the movement of H. convergens into cotton. In both years, more lady beetle adults were collected on cotton during the latest stages of sorghum phenology. In the second year, relatively low aphid densities (15 per plant) appeared to influence the movement of beetles onto caged cotton. Carbon isotope ratios of H. convergens were used to assess adult feeding behavior after colonizing cotton and to determine if prey consumed in sorghum contributed to egg production in cotton. Though aphids were absent 2001, H. convergens adults stayed in cotton, did not produce eggs and apparently consumed few prey. Cotton aphids were present in 2002 and H. convergens isotope ratios changed from prey consumed in cotton. The isotope ratios of egg masses collected in 2002 indicated prey consumed in grain sorghum contributed very little to egg production in cotton. An area-wide pattern analysis suggested the abundance of grain sorghum and uncultivated areas both positively influenced cotton predator levels. While these landscape effects were less important overall than prey levels and cotton planting dates, in some sampling periods landscape composition appeared to be the most important factor in determining cotton predator levels.

Prasifka, Jarrad Reed

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

NREL: Energy Analysis - Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Electricity Generation (Fact Sheet) Cover of the Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Electricity Generation factsheet Download the Fact Sheet The U.S. Department of Energy enlisted NREL to review and "harmonize" life cycle assessments (LCA) of electricity generation technologies. Hundreds of assessments have been published, often with considerable variability in results. These variations in approach, while usually legitimate, hamper comparison across studies and pooling of published results. Learn more about life cycle assessments of energy technologies. By harmonizing this data, NREL seeks to reduce the uncertainty around estimates for environmental impacts of renewables and increase the value of

49

Second Harmonic Resonance for Equatorial Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simple, exact analytical conditions for second harmonic resonance between equatorial waves are derived. Such resonance can occur only between two Rossby waves or two westward travelling gravity waves. It is shown that regardless of whether the ...

John P. Boyd

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Cotton County, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cotton County, Oklahoma: Energy Resources Cotton County, Oklahoma: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 34.309094°, -98.3964938° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.309094,"lon":-98.3964938,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

51

Hierarchical Diagnosis W. R. Cotton Colorado State University  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

W. R. Cotton W. R. Cotton Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science Fort Collins, CO 80523 coarse grid of 80 km down to the finest 2.22 km grid, thus explicitly capturing the system as it transitioned from a convective line only to a system with convective and stratiform regions. This simulation serves us in two ways. First, it acts as further verification for the Level 2.5w convective scheme (the "convective engine" for the MCS parameterization). Second, diagnostic analyses guide us in the parameterization of the mesoscale circulations which comprise the fast (and perhaps some slow) manifold processes of an MCS. The diagnostics include conditional sampling of various quantities as well as some Lagrangian tracer analysis to help identify coherent flow branches

52

Dual aperture dipole magnet with second harmonic component  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved dual aperture dipole electromagnet includes a second-harmonic frequency magnetic guide field winding which surrounds first harmonic frequency magnetic guide field windings associated with each aperture. The second harmonic winding and the first harmonic windings cooperate to produce resultant magnetic waveforms in the apertures which have extended acceleration and shortened reset portions of electromagnet operation.

Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Dual aperture dipole magnet with second harmonic component  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved dual aperture dipole electromagnet includes a second-harmonic frequency magnetic guide field winding which surrounds first harmonic frequency magnetic guide field windings associated with each aperture. The second harmonic winding and the first harmonic windings cooperate to produce resultant magnetic waveforms in the apertures which have extended acceleration and shortened reset portions of electromagnet operation.

Praeg, W.F.

1983-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

54

A Comparison of Chemical Pretreatment Methods for Converting Cotton Stalks to Ethanol.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of sulfuric acid, sodium hydroxide, hydrogen peroxide, and ozone pretreatments for conversion of cotton stalks (more)

Silverstein, Rebecca Anne

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Flame retardant finishing for cotton using a hydroxy-functional organophosphorus oligomer.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??New durable flame retardant finishing systems based on a hydroxy-functional organophosphorus oligomer (HFPO) and a bonding agent have been developed for cotton. In this research, (more)

Wu, Weidong

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Progress report for the commercialization of a one pass cotton plowdown. Technical progress report, April--June 1996  

SciTech Connect

Progress is described on the design, performance, and commercialization of a one pass cotton plowdown machine. Photos are included.

NONE

1996-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

57

Harmonic Analysis Errors in Calculating Dipole,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Harmonic Analysis Errors in Calculating Dipole, Harmonic Analysis Errors in Calculating Dipole, Quadrupole, and Sextupole Magnets using POISSON Ro be rt J. La ri<::::R~ i. September 10, 1985 Introduction LS-32 The computer program POISSON was used to calculate the dipole, quadru- pole, and sextupole magnets of the 6 GeV electron storage ring. A trinagular mesh must first be generated by LATTICE. The triangle size is varied over the "universe" at the discretion of the user. This note describes a series of test calculations that were made to help the user decide on the size of the mesh to reduce the harmonic field calculation errors. A conformal transfor- mation of a multipole magnet into a dipole reduces these errors. Dipole Magnet Calculations A triangular mesh used to calculate a "perfect" dipole magnet is shown in

58

High harmonic phase in molecular nitrogen  

SciTech Connect

Electronic structure in atoms and molecules modulates the amplitude and phase of high harmonic generation (HHG). We report measurements of the high harmonic spectral amplitude and phase in N{sub 2}. The phase is measured interferometrically by beating the N{sub 2} harmonics with those of an Ar reference oscillator in a gas mixture. A rapid phase shift of 0.2{pi} is observed in the vicinity of the HHG spectral minimum, where a shift of {pi} had been presumed [J. Itatani et al., Nature 432, 867 (2004)]. We compare the phase measurements to a simulation of the HHG recombination step in N{sub 2} that is based on a simple interference model. The results of the simulation suggest that modifications beyond the simple interference model are needed to explain HHG spectra in molecules.

McFarland, Brian K.

2009-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

59

Physiological applications for determining water use efficiency among cotton genotypes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drought stress can substantially alter plant metabolism by decreasing plant growth and photosynthesis. The lack of rapid and reliable screening criteria and measurement techniques for determining water use efficiency (WUE) of crop plants has greatly restricted progress in this critical area of crop improvement. In grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.), WUE was associated with the transpiration ratio [CO2 assimilation (A) / transpiration rate (E), A:E] from leaf gas exchange measurements. Research is needed to identify drought effects on plant productivity and to exploit the use of this knowledge in breeding and agronomic efforts. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine if differences in A:E and other physiological parameters existed between two selected cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) genotypes and to evaluate the response of cotton genotypes experiencing water stress at two different growth stages on biomass production and yield. Two experiments were conducted using two cotton genotypes differing in drought tolerance. Each experiment was repeated three times in a randomized complete block design with six replications. In Experiment I, the water stress treatment was induced by withholding water when the plants reached the 4-node growth stage. The water stress treatment in Experiment II was imposed at early bloom. Gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence measurements were collected during dry-down and recovery periods to determine water stress effects on plant physiology. Biomass was partitioned following the recovery period, to examine phenotypic responses of plants exposed to water stress. The results of these experiments indicate that A:E is significantly increased as leaf water potential (?L) decreases with no differences in A:E between the two genotypes. Gas exchange measurements showed significant decreases with declining ?L and significant increases upon re-watering; yet, no differences were observed between the two genotypes. Chlorophyll fluorescence was not different between genotypes in either light- or dark-adapted leaves. In Experiment I TAM 89E-51 had a significantly greater seedcotton yield; however, in Experiment II TAMCOT 22 had the greater yield. These experiments suggest that the effects of water stress on cotton are a function of the intensity of the stress and the growth stage in which the stress is experienced.

Bynum, Joshua Brian

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Nonequilibrium thermodynamics of a squeezed harmonic oscillator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the thermodynamic properties of the squeezed vacuum state of a frequency--modulated quantum harmonic oscillator. We analytically relate the squeezing parameter to the irreversible work and the degree of nonadiabaticity of the frequency transformation. We furthermore determine the optimal modulation that leads to maximal squeezing, and discuss its implementation as well as the detection of squeezing in single cold ion traps.

Fernando Galve; Eric Lutz

2008-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A nonlinear approach to harmonic signal modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Periodic signals can be estimated recursively by exploiting the fact that a sine wave passing through a static nonlinear function generates a spectrum of overtones. A real wave with unknown period in cascade with a piecewise linear function is thefefore ... Keywords: Wiener model structure, frequency estimation, harmonic modeling, local convergence, recursive identification

Emad Abd-Elrady

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

PRE-SW Grid-IQ Harmonics Evaluation Module - Prototype  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The application provides a user-friendly interface that would be used to perform harmonic analysis such as conducting frequency scans and harmonic distortion analysis by allowing user to select the ...

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

63

Analysis of inverter models and harmonic propagation. Part II. Harmonic propagation  

SciTech Connect

Part II of a three part study describes the harmonic propagation in the photovoltaic power system consisting of the solar cell array, the inverter, and the ac side of the inverter up to the infinite bus of the utility. Propagation of the harmonics in the utility system are not addressed. Two main problems are analyzed: power in the converter system and harmonics of the current and voltage waveforms of the single-phase, dependent inverter. Relationships between the different components of the converter power - active, reactive and disturbance - are discussed. All formulas necessary for calculating the power components are given, assuming the harmonics of the current and voltage waveforms are known. The theoretical and experimental investigation of the single-phase, dependent inverter is described. The ac and dc terminal voltage of the inverter are analyzed and their harmonics are obtained. These data determine the harmonic propagation on both the dc and ac sides and may be useful for equipment design. Part I of the study (SAND 7040/1) contains a detailed description of the microcomputer based simulator that represents the output characteristics of the five commercially available types of solar cell arrays under different environmental conditions, and Part III (SAND 7040/3) presents an analysis of the transient and steady-state processes of inverter modules.

Slonim, M.A.; Stanek, E.K.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Selective compensation of voltage harmonics in grid-connected microgrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Selective compensation of voltage harmonics in grid-connected microgrids Mehdi Savaghebia , Juan is proposed for selective compensation of main voltage harmonics in a grid- connected microgrid. The aim level. Keywords Distributed Generator (DG); microgrid; grid-connected; voltage harmonics compensation. 1

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

65

COMPARISON OF PICKER AND STRIPPER HARVESTERS ON IRRIGATED COTTON ON THE HIGH PLAINS OF TEXAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over a fourth of the cotton produced in the US since 2002 has been produced in Texas, with most coming from the High Plains. In recent years, Texas has accounted for almost half of all US cotton production (USDA-NASS, 2008b). Most cotton on the High Plains is of more storm-proof varieties that have traditionally been harvested using stripper harvesters. However, improvements in irrigation technology and shifting markets for US cotton have increased interest in picker harvesters in the region. A holistic comparison of picker and stripper harvesters in irrigated cotton on the High Plains of Texas was conducted focusing on differences in system efficiencies, the costs of ginning, fiber and yarn quality, and potential economic returns under comparable crop yields and conditions. Harvester performance was evaluated based on harvest efficiency, time-inmotion, and fuel consumption. Stripper harvesters left less cotton in the field, but most of the cotton left by the picker was of low quality. While the time spent in each operation of harvest was highly dependent on the operator and support equipment available, in general, picker harvesters were able to harvest a unit area of high-yielding cotton more quickly than stripper harvesters. The cost of ginning picked and stripped cotton was evaluated considering current fee schedules from gins on the High Plains. On average, it cost a producer $4.76 more per bale to gin stripped-and-field-cleaned cotton than picked cotton. Fiber quality parameters were compared between harvest treatments based on results from High Volume Instrument (HVI) and Advanced Fiber Information System (AFIS) tests. Samples were ring-spun into carded and carded-and-combed yarns. Differences in fiber quality between harvest treatments were more pronounced when growing conditions were less favorable. Few differences were detected in carded yarn quality between harvest treatments, while more pronounced differences favoring picked cotton were seen in carded-and-combed yarns. A cost-benefit analysis was conducted to determine the production scenarios in which picker and stripper harvesters were most appropriate. Results indicate that, if a producer has sufficient yields coupled with sufficient area to harvest per machine, picker harvesting is a more profitable alternative to producers of on the High Plains.

Faulkner, William B.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Harmonized Emissions Analysis Tool (HEAT) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Harmonized Emissions Analysis Tool (HEAT) Harmonized Emissions Analysis Tool (HEAT) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Harmonized Emissions Analysis Tool (HEAT) Agency/Company /Organization: Local Governments for Sustainability Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Health, GHG inventory, Implementation, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: www.environmenttools.co.uk/directory/tool/name/harmonized-emissions-an Cost: Free Harmonized Emissions Analysis Tool (HEAT) Screenshot References: ICLEI-HEAT[1] Related Tools Energy Forecasting Framework and Emissions Consensus Tool (EFFECT) Prospective Outlook on Long-Term Energy Systems (POLES) ICCT Roadmap Model ... further results Find Another Tool

67

Regional Cooperation and Harmonization on EESL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Regional Cooperation and Regional Cooperation and Harmonization on EESL LI Tienan Professor Director of Center for Industrial Energy Efficiency (CIEE) Chairman of ISO/TC 257 Energy Savings 国宏美亚(北京)工业节能减排技术促进中心 Center for Industrial Energy Efficiency (CIEE) 国宏美亚(北京)工业节能减排技术促进中心 Center for Industrial Energy Efficiency (CIEE) Roles of EESL Regional EESL Cooperation and Harmonization Focus and Barriers Best Practice: BRESL Project Recommendations Contents 国宏美亚(北京)工业节能减排技术促进中心 Center for Industrial Energy Efficiency (CIEE) 国宏美亚(北京)工业节能减排技术促进中心 Center for Industrial Energy Efficiency (CIEE)

68

Honeycomb optical lattices with harmonic confinement  

SciTech Connect

We consider the fate of the Dirac points in the spectrum of a honeycomb optical lattice in the presence of a harmonic confining potential. By numerically solving the tight binding model, we calculate the density of states and find that the energy dependence can be understood from analytical arguments. In addition, we show that the density of states of the harmonically trapped lattice system can be understood by application of a local density approximation based on the density of states in the homogeneous lattice. The Dirac points are found to survive locally in the trap as evidenced by the local density of states. Furthermore, they give rise to a distinct spatial profile of a noninteracting Fermi gas.

Block, J. Kusk; Nygaard, N. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Lundbeck Foundation Theoretical Center for Quantum System Research, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

69

Truncated channel representations for coupled harmonic oscillators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coupled quantum harmonic oscillators, studied by many authors using many different techniques over the decades, are frequently used toy-models to study open quantum systems. In this manuscript, we explicitly study the simplest oscillator model -- a pair of initially decoupled quantum harmonic oscillators interacting with a spring-like coupling, where the bath oscillator is initially in a thermal-like state. In particular, we treat the completely positive and trace preserving map on the system as a quantum channel, and study the truncation of the channel by truncating its Kraus set and its output dimension. We thereby derive the truncated transition amplitudes of the corresponding truncated channel. Finally, we give a computable approximation for these truncated transition amplitudes with explicit error bounds, and perform a case study of the oscillators in the off-resonant and weakly-coupled regime numerically. We demonstrate explicitly that the substantial leakage error can be mitigated via quantum error correction.

Yingkai Ouyang; Wee Hao Ng

2013-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

70

Harmon, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Harmon, Illinois: Energy Resources Harmon, Illinois: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.719689°, -89.556564° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.719689,"lon":-89.556564,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

71

Harmon Electric Assn Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Harmon Electric Assn Inc Harmon Electric Assn Inc Place Oklahoma Utility Id 8183 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 100 Watt HPS Lighting 175 Watt MVL Lighting Co-Generation Rider Commercial Commercial, Single-Phase Commercial Commercial, Three-Phase Commercial Controllable Irrigation, 101HP or more Commercial Controllable Irrigation, 10HP or Less Commercial Controllable Irrigation, 11 to 25 HP Commercial Controllable Irrigation, 26 to 75 HP Commercial Controllable Irrigation, 76 to 100 HP Commercial

72

Field Comparison of the Sampling Efficacy of Two Smear Media: Cotton Fiber and Kraft Paper  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Two materials were compared in field tests at the Defense Waste Processing Facility: kraft paper (a strong, brown paper made from wood pulp prepared with a sodium sulfate solution) and cotton fiber. Based on a sampling of forty-six pairs of smears, the cotton fiber smears provide a greater sensitivity. The cotton fiber smears collected an average of forty-four percent more beta activity than the kraft paper smears and twenty-nine percent more alpha activity. Results show a greater sensitivity with cotton fiber over kraft paper at the 95 percent confidence level. Regulatory requirements for smear materials are vague. The data demonstrate that the difference in sensitivity of smear materials could lead to a large difference in reported results that are subsequently used for meeting shipping regulations or evaluating workplace contamination levels.

Hogue, M.G.

2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

73

Carbon Dioxide Enrichment: Data on the Response of Cotton to Varying CO2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Dioxide Enrichment: Data on the Response of Cotton to Varying CO2 Carbon Dioxide Enrichment: Data on the Response of Cotton to Varying CO2 Irrigation, and Nitrogen (1992) (NDP-037) DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/vrc.ndp037 image Data image PDF file Investigators B. A. Kimball, J. R. Mauney, R. L. La Morte, G. Guinn, F. S. Nakayama, J. W. Radin, E. A. Lakatos, S. T. Michell, L. L. Parker, G. J. Peresta, P. E. Nixon III, B. Savoy, S. M. Harris, R. MacDonald, H. Pros, and J. Martinez This NDP presents data on the effects of continuous CO2 enrichment of cotton during five consecutive growing seasons, 1983 to 1987, under both optimal and limiting levels of water and nitrogen. Unlike many prior CO2-enrichment experiments in growth chambers or greenhouses, these studies were conducted on field-planted cotton at close to natural conditions with

74

Viscoelastic properties of seed cotton and their effect on module shape and density  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modules for cotton storage and transport should be constructed with a shape that will resist collecting water to maintain the quality of seed cotton during storage. Meeting this specification requires knowledge of the relationship between the applied compressive force, deformation, and time for seed cotton. Several factors were tested to determine their effects on the height and density of seed cotton during compression, creep loading, and recovery. Models were used to describe these processes. These results were used to develop an algorithm capable of providing information on module shape to the module builder operator. The initial loading density did not affect the compressed density, but a slight effect was observed in the recovered density, due to the weight of the seed cotton. Picker harvested cotton was compressed to a greater density than stripper harvested cotton, but expanded more during recovery, resulting in similar final densities. Multiple compressions increased the density, but this increase was not physically significant after the third compression. Higher moisture content increased the density seed cotton could be compressed to slightly. Viscoelastic behavior was observed; however, the effect on density was small. Both the compression and creep curves were described using mathematical models. A compression model using an asymptotic true strain measure yielded high R2 values; however, some aspect of this process remained unexplained and the equation was limited in its predictive ability. Creep behavior was described using a modified Burgers model. This model was more accurate than the creep model, although a definite trend existed in the creep model residuals. A feedback algorithm was developed based on the observation that the compressed density was primarily dependent on the mass of seed cotton and not the initial density. By measuring the compressed depth of cotton in a module and the hydraulic pressure of the tramper foot cylinder, the resulting shape of the module can be predicted. Improved loading of the module builder is necessary to produce a desirably shaped module. More seed cotton needs to be placed in the center of the module, resulting in a surface that slopes down towards the outer edges.

Hardin, Robert Glen

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Heat transport in active harmonic chains  

SciTech Connect

We show that a harmonic lattice model with amplifying and attenuating elements, when coupled to two thermal baths, exhibits unique heat transport properties. Some of these novel features include anomalous nonequilibrium steady-state heat currents, negative differential thermal conductance, as well as nonreciprocal heat transport. We find that when these elements are arranged in a PT-symmetric manner, the domain of existence of the nonequilibrium steady state is maximized. We propose an electronic experimental setup based on resistive-inductive-capacitive (RLC) transmission lines, where our predictions can be tested.

Zheng, Mei C.; Ellis, Fred M.; Kottos, Tsampikos; Fleischmann, Ragnar; Geisel, Theo; Prosen, Tomaz [Department of Physics, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut 06459 (United States); Max-Planck-Institute for Dynamics and Self-organization, Am Fassberg 17, D-37077 Goettingen (Germany) and Institute for Nonlinear Dynamics, Department of Physics, University of Goettingen, D-37077 Goettingen (Germany); Physics Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana (Slovenia)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

76

Separation of High Order Harmonics with Fluoride Windows  

SciTech Connect

The lower orders produced in high order harmonic generation can be effciently temporally separated into monochromatic pulses by propagation in a Fluoride window while still preserving their femtosecond pulse duration. We present calculations for MgF2, CaF2, and LiF windows for the third, fifth, and seventh harmonics of 800 nm. We demonstrate the use of this simple and inexpensive technique in a femtosecond pump/probe experiment using the fifth harmonic.

Allison, Tom; van Tilborg, Jeroen; Wright, Travis; Hertlein, Marcus; Falcone, Roger; Belkacem, Ali

2010-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

77

Harmonics from SVC transformer saturation with direct current offset  

SciTech Connect

Circulation of direct current in transformer windings can cause significant transformer saturation and harmonic generation. This problem may be experienced by static var compensators with anti-parallel thyristor arrangement. This paper presents a technique to analyze the harmonic distortions caused by transformer saturation with direct current offset. The technique is used to investigate the harmonic generation from the transformer of a static var compensator to be installed in the B.C. Hydro system.

Xu, W.; Martinich, T.G.; Sawada, J.H.; Mansour, Y. (British Columbia Hydro, Burnaby, British Columbia (Canada))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Harmonizing Global Metrics for Data Center Energy Efficiency...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Harmonizing Global Metrics for Data Center Energy Efficiency The United States of America, European Union and Japan Reach Agreement on Guiding Principles for Data Center Energy...

79

CERTS 2012 Program Review - IEEE-IEC Harmonization - Ken Martin...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Harmonization Kenneth Martin martin@electricpowergroup.com June 12-13, 2012 Washington, DC OE Transmission Reliability Peer Review 1 Introduction Synchrophasor measurement...

80

Analysis of Harmonic Distortion Levels in Commercial Buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This case study describes harmonic distortion concerns for commercial buildings and presents a method for evaluating these concerns based on typical load characteristics.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Harmonizing Global Metrics for Data Center Energy Efficiency...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Harmonizing Global Metrics for Data Center Energy Efficiency, February 2, 2010 Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers...

82

Generation of even harmonics in coupled quantum dots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using the spatial-temporal symmetry principle we developed recently, we propose an effective scheme for even-harmonics generation in coupled quantum dots. The relative intensity of odd and even harmonic components in the emission spectrum can be controlled by tuning the dipole couplings among the dots, which can be realized in experiments by careful design of the nanostructures. In particular, pure 2nth harmonics and (2n+1)th harmonics (where n is an integer) can be generated simultaneously with polarizations in two mutual perpendicular directions in our systems. An experimental design of the coupled dots system is presented.

Guo Shifang; Duan Suqing; Yang Ning; Chu Weidong; Zhang Wei [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, P.O. Box 8009, Beijing 100088 (China)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

Effects of Power System Harmonics on Distribution Transformer Insulation Performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Floating feeder resonances are one of the new challenges being put forward by the renewable energy based distributed generation (DG) installations. Generally, the harmonic injection (more)

Hamid, Muhammad

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Spectral Phase Distribution Retrieval through Coherent Control of Harmonic Generation  

SciTech Connect

The temporal intensity distribution of the third harmonic of a Ti:sapphire laser generated in Xe gas is fully reconstructed from its spectral phase and amplitude distributions. The spectral phases are retrieved by cross correlating the fundamental laser frequency field with that of the third harmonic, in a three laser versus one harmonic photon coupling scheme. The third harmonic spectral amplitude distribution is extracted from its field autocorrelation. The measured pulse duration is found to be in agreement with that expected from lowest order perturbation theory both for unstretched and chirped pulses.

Papalazarou, E.; Charalambidis, D. [Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas, Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, PO Box 1527, GR711 10 Heraklion (Crete) (Greece); Department of Physics, University of Crete, PO Box 2208, GR71003 Heraklion (Crete) (Greece); Kovacev, M.; Tzallas, P.; Benis, E.P.; Kalpouzos, C. [Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas, Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, PO Box 1527, GR711 10 Heraklion (Crete) (Greece); Tsakiris, G. D. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Quantenoptik, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2006-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

85

Energy Savings and Efficiency Improvements through Harmonic Mitigation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

harmful harmonics from electrical distribution systems supporting high quantities of computers and other related office equipment. The proliferation of computer and other office...

86

Interactive Effects of Geography and Host Plant Species on Genetic and Phenotypic Variation of Cotton Fleahopper Populations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cotton fleahopper, Pseudatomoscelis seriatus (Reuter) is a widely distributed insect across the United States. Although, it feeds on several native wild hosts, its agricultural importance lies as an economic pest of cotton in several states in the southern United States. No studies have addressed intraspecific genetic and phenotypic variation of this insect pest at a large geographic scale. I examined genetic variation among cotton fleahopper populations associated with cotton in different geographic locations across the southern United States (Chapter II). Using dominant, neutral, nuclear molecular markers (AFLP, amplified fragment length polymorphism) and mitochondrial DNA sequences, I found that overall genetic differentiation among different geographic populations, collected from cotton in eleven cotton growing states, was low but significant. AFLP revealed the presence of three regional groups representing western (Arizona), central (Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama), and eastern (Florida, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina) populations. I examined if there were distinct lineages of cotton fleahoppers associated with three of its host plant species: cotton (Gossypium hirsutum), horsemint (Monarda punctata) and woolly croton (Croton capitatus) in five different locations of Texas by using AFLP markers (Chapter III). I found two distinct host-associated lineages at three locations and local panmixia in the other two locations. I tested if host preference of cotton fleahoppers were affected by geographic variation and prior experience. Conducting choice tests with a Y-tube olfactometer, I found that host preference in cotton fleahoppers for horsemint (one of its native host plants) is conserved and unaffected by individual?s prior experience with cotton (Chapter IV). Finally, I explored the role of host-plant species in morphological differentiation of the cotton fleahopper in two locations that differ in presence of distinct host-associated lineages. Using a geometric-morphometric approach, I detected significant effect of host plant and geography on body morphology and wing shape of cotton fleahopper populations (Chapter V). Length of antenna and rostrum were two important traits associated with morphological divergence of cotton and horsemint associated insect populations. Cotton associated individuals had relatively longer antenna and rostrum compared to individuals associated with horsemint.

Barman, Apurba

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Solving two-mode squeezed harmonic oscillator and $k$th-order harmonic generation in Bargmann-Hilbert spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the two-mode squeezed harmonic oscillator and the $k$th-order harmonic generation within the framework of Bargmann-Hilbert spaces of entire functions. For the displaced, single-mode squeezed and two-mode squeezed harmonic oscillators, we derive the exact, closed-form expressions for their energies and wave functions. For the $k$th-order harmonic generation with $k\\geq 3$, our result indicates that it does not have eigenfunctions and is thus ill-defined in the Bargmann-Hilbert space.

Yao-Zhong Zhang

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

88

A science based emission factor for particulate matter emitted from cotton harvesting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Poor regional air quality in some states across the US cotton belt has resulted in increased pressure on agricultural sources of particulate matter (PM) from air pollution regulators. Moreover, inaccurate emission factors used in the calculation of annual emissions inventories led to the identification of cotton harvesting as a significant source of PM10 in California and Arizona. As a result, cotton growers in these states are now required to obtain air quality permits and submit management practice plans detailing the actions taken by the producer to reduce fugitive PM emissions from field operations. The objective of this work was to develop accurate PM emission factors for cotton harvesting in terms of total suspended particulate (TSP), PM10, and PM2.5. Two protocols were developed and used to develop PM emission factors from cotton harvesting operations on three farms in Texas during 2006 and 2007. Protocol one utilized TSP concentrations measured downwind of harvesting operations with meteorological data measured onsite in a dispersion model to back-calculate TSP emission flux values. Flux values, determined with the regulatory dispersion models ISCST3 and AERMOD, were converted to emission factors and corrected with results from particle size distribution (PSD) analyses to report emission factors in terms of PM10 and PM2.5. Emission factors were developed for two-row (John Deere 9910) and sixrow (John Deere 9996) cotton pickers with protocol one. The uncertainty associated with the emission factors developed through protocol one resulted in no significant difference between the emission factors for the two machines. Under the second protocol, emission concentrations were measured onboard the six-row cotton picker as the machine harvested cotton. PM10 and PM2.5 emission factors were developed from TSP emission concentration measurements converted to emission rates using the results of PSD analysis. The total TSP, PM10, and PM2.5 emission factors resulting from the source measurement protocol are 1.64 0.37, 0.55 0.12, and 1.58E- 03 4.5E-04 kg/ha, respectively. These emission factors contain the lowest uncertainty and highest level of precision of any cotton harvesting PM emission factors ever developed. Thus, the emission factors developed through the source sampling protocol are recommended for regulatory use.

Wanjura, John David

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Wind Farm Structures' Impact on Harmonic Emission and Grid Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Wind Farm Structures' Impact on Harmonic Emission and Grid Interaction Lukasz Hubert Kocewiak, Jesper Hjerrild, Claus Leth Bak ABSTRACT HE impact of a wind farm's internal structures on harmonic in this paper. The largest wind farms in the world, Horns Rev 2 Offshore Wind Farm and Polish Karnice Onshore

Bak, Claus Leth

90

Motor voltage high harmonics influence to efficient energy usage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of the effect of non-sinusoidal voltages on the three-phase induction motor is presented in the paper. When the induction motors are supplied by a rectangular shape of the voltage inverter with high levels of harmonic voltage (Uh,i ... Keywords: energy efficiency, harmonics, induction motor, non-sinusoidal voltage, power losses

Miloje M. Kostic; Branka B. Kostic

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Higher order harmonic detection for exploring nonlinear interactions  

SciTech Connect

Nonlinear dynamics underpin a vast array of physical phenomena ranging from interfacial motion to jamming transitions. In many cases, decoupling the contributions of competing or co-existing mechanisms to the system response can be achieved through investigation of higher order harmonics. Here, a method using band excitation scanning probe microscopy to investigate higher order harmonics of the electromechanical response, with nanometer scale spatial resolution is presented. The utility of the technique is demonstrated by probing the first three harmonics of strain for a well-known system, a model Pb(Zr1-xTix)O3 ferroelectric capacitor. It is shown that the second order harmonic response is correlated with the first harmonic response, whereas the third harmonic is not. Additionally, nanoscale measurements of the second harmonic response with field reveal significant deviations from Rayleigh-type models in the form of a much more complicated field dependence than is observed in the spatially averaged data. These results illustrate the versatility of combining proximal probe techniques with nth harmonic detection methods in exploring and decoupling nonlinear dynamics in a wide variety of nanoscale materials.

Vasudevan, Rama K [ORNL; Okatan, M. B. [University of New South Wales; Rajapaksa, Indrajit [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Kim, Yunseok [ORNL; Marincel, Dan [Materials Science and Engineering, Pennsylvania State University; Trolier-McKinstry, Susan [Pennsylvania State University; Jesse, Stephen [ORNL; Nagarajan, Valanoor [University of New South Wales; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Cerenkov third-harmonic generation in ,,2... nonlinear photonic crystal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cerenkov third-harmonic generation in ,,2... nonlinear photonic crystal Yan Sheng,1,a Wenjie Wang,1 of Cerenkov emission of a third-harmonic frequency in a two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal, where coherent light called Cerenkov radiation.1 In this process, the mol- ecules of the medium are polarized

Arie, Ady

93

ENERGY DIFFUSION IN HARMONIC SYSTEM WITH CONSERVATIVE NOISE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENERGY DIFFUSION IN HARMONIC SYSTEM WITH CONSERVATIVE NOISE GIADA BASILE AND STEFANO OLLA Abstract. We prove diffusive behaviour of the energy fluctua- tions in a system of harmonic oscillators with a stochastic pertur- bation of the dynamics that conserves energy and momentum. The results concern pinned

94

Harmonizing Global Metrics for Data Center Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Page 1 Page 1 Harmonizing Global Metrics for Data Center Energy Efficiency Global Taskforce Reaches Agreement on Measurement Protocols for PUE - Continues Discussion of Additional Energy Efficiency Metrics February 28th, 2011 The data center has become an increasingly important part of most business operations in the twenty-first century. With escalating demand and rising energy prices, it is essential for the owners and operators of these mission critical facilities to assess and improve their performance with energy efficiency metrics. However, even with the global presence of many companies, these metrics are often not applied consistently at a global level. To address these inconsistencies, a group of global leaders has been meeting regularly to agree

95

Spectrum of second-harmonic radiation generated from incoherent light  

SciTech Connect

We report on the development of the theory of second-harmonic generation by an incoherent pump with broad angular and frequency spectra. We show that spatial as well as temporal walk-off effects in a nonlinear crystal result in angular dispersion of the second-harmonic radiation. We demonstrate that the acceptance angle in second-harmonic generation by incoherent light is caused by the width of the pump angular spectrum and the resulting angular dispersion of second-harmonic radiation but does not depend on crystal length. In this case the frequency spectrum of second-harmonic radiation is determined by its angular dispersion and the pump angular spectrum. The theory is supported by an experiment in which a LiIO{sub 3} crystal was pumped by a tungsten halogen lamp.

Stabinis, A.; Pyragaite, V.; Tamosauskas, G.; Piskarskas, A. [Department of Quantum Electronics, Vilnius University, Sauletekio Avenue 9, Building 3, LT-10222 Vilnius (Lithuania)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

96

Host plant resistance to Whiteflies, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), Biotype B, (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in cotton race stocks for breeding improved cotton cultivars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci, Biotype B, Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) are pests of cotton crops, affecting the yield of the crop both indirectly and directly. These pests feed on the leaves of cotton plants and produce "honeydew," a sticky liquid excretion which covers the lint of the open cotton boll creating problems during the processing of the lint. High densities of these pests also can decrease the productivity of the cotton plant by stripping it of vital nutrients. The primary objective of this research was to screen 116 converted cotton race stocks for resistance to sweetpotato whiteflies. Responses of converted race stocks to whiteflies are compared to that of known susceptible commercial cultivars PSC 355 and Delta Pearl. Screens for antibiosis resistance to whitefly were established using excised leaves placed in a nutrient solution ( strength Hoagland's). Cohort populations of whiteflies were established on these leaves and followed daily to determine differences in developmental time as well as percent survival. Resistant candidates were determined using a chi-squared test comparing the ranked sums of leaf averages for the two selection criteria, whitefly developmental time and percent whitefly survival, of each cotton race stock to that of the putative known susceptibles (KS). These tests showed 6 converted race stocks to be significantly different (P ? 0.1) from the KS for at least one of the two selection criteria. Of these converted race stocks, M-9044-0154 and M-9044-0156 showed to have lower whitefly survival than the KS, while M-9644-0188, M-9644-0195, M-0044-0221, and M-9644-0242 showed whitefly to have an increased developmental time. Retesting of these six converted race stocks along with several others identified another race stock line, M-0044-0171, which was significantly different from the KS. Retesting also indicated that M-9644-0188 was different for survival in addition to developmental time which was determined in the original screening. Additional tests were conducted in the greenhouse and field to examine these race stock lines. Greenhouse screenings indicated that M-9044-0156 and M-9644-0188 contained possible non-preference resistance characteristics. Field screenings conducted in Weslaco and College Station, TX in 2002 and 2003 failed to provide useful data due to low densities of insects.

Ripple, Brandon Wayne

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Relativistic high harmonic generation in gas jet targets  

SciTech Connect

We experimentally demonstrate a new regime of high-order harmonic generation by relativistic-irradiance lasers in gas jet targets. Bright harmonics with both odd and even orders, generated by linearly as well as circularly polarized pulses, are emitted in the forward direction, while the base harmonic frequency is downshifted. A 9 TW laser generates harmonics up to 360 eV, within the 'water window' spectral region. With a 120 TW laser producing 40 uJ/sr per harmonic at 120 eV, we demonstrate the photon number scalability. The observed harmonics cannot be explained by previously suggested scenarios. A novel high-order harmonics generation mechanism [T. Zh. Esirkepov et al., AIP Proceedings, this volume], which explains our experimental findings, is based on the phenomena inherent in the relativistic laser - underdense plasma interactions (self-focusing, cavity evacuation, and bow wave generation), mathematical catastrophe theory which explains formation of electron density singularities (cusps), and collective radiation due to nonlinear oscillations of a compact charge.

Pirozhkov, A.S.; Kando, M.; Esirkepov, T.Zh.; and others

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

98

Harmonic measurements from a group connected generator HVdc converter scheme  

SciTech Connect

A recent CIGRE document published in ELECTRA has described the potential benefits of a direct connection of generators to HVdc converters. While many theoretical contributions have been made, no practical test data has become available so far. This paper reports on harmonic tests carried out at the Benmore end of the New Zealand HVdc link operating as a group connected scheme. It was found that the measured harmonic current levels were well below specified generator ratings. Dynamic simulation accurately predicted the harmonic currents whereas the results of a steady state formulation were less reliable.

Macdonald, S.J.; Enright, W.; Arrillaga, J. [Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand); O`Brien, M.T.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Remote sensing for site-specific management of biotic and abiotic stress in cotton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study evaluated the applicability of remote sensing instrumentation for site- specific management of abiotic and biotic stress on cotton grown under a center pivot. Three different irrigation regimes (100%, 75%, and 50% ETc) were imposed on a cotton field to 1) monitor canopy temperatures of cotton with infrared thermometers (IRTs) in order to pinpoint areas of biotic and abiotic stress, 2) compare aerial infrared photography to IRTs mounted on center pivots to correlate areas of biotic and abiotic stress, and 3) relate yield to canopy temperatures. Pivot-mounted IRTs and IR camera were able to differentiate water stress between the irrigation regimes, however, only the IR camera was effectively able to distinguish between biotic (cotton root rot) and abiotic (drought) stress with the assistance of groundtruthing. The 50% ETc regime had significantly higher canopy temperatures, which were reflected in significantly lower lint yields when compared to the 75% and 100% ETc regimes. Deficit irrigation up to 75% ETc had no impact on yield, indicating that water savings were possible without yield depletion.

Falkenberg, Nyland Ray

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Cell synchrony and chromosomal protocols for somatic cells of cotton gossypium hirsutum  

SciTech Connect

The intent of this pamphlet is to share information with others who are interested in useful protocols for cotton cytogenetics and cytology. The protocols described are a beginning effort and they are expected to be improved. All methods, results and data given pertain to cultivar MD 51ne. We are not satisfied with our results of in situ hybridization.

Van`t Hof, J.; Lamm, S.S.

1994-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Control | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Control Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Control The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is currently conducting research into the harmonization of ZigBee, BACnet-or building automation and control network-and DALI-or digital addressable lighting interface-systems in wireless dimming lighting controls. Four proposed modules will enable "plug-and-play" capabilities for all DALI-compatible controls and BACnet-compatible systems. Project Description This project seeks to develop "plug-and-play" capabilities for lighting as an integrated component of a whole-building control system. Verified Energy, LLC, attempts to demonstrate the benefits of implementing wireless control in dimming applications using plug-and-play principles.

102

Conversion efficiency, scaling and global optimization of high harmonic generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Closed form expressions for the high harmonic generation (HHG) conversion efficiency in the plateau and cut-off region are derived showing agreement with previous observations. Application of these results to optimal ...

Falcao-Filho, Edilson L.

103

Femtosecond second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Femtosecond second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides poled lithium niobate waveguides under large conversion conditions. Strong saturation of the SHG detailed experi- mental data on femtosecond SHG in periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) waveguides

Purdue University

104

Ontario Harmonization Getting Ready! Issues for University of Western Ontario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

first province to harmonize! -British Columbia ·12% HST (July 1, 2010) ·Adopted model similar to Ontario supplied by means of · Wire, pipeline or similar conduit · Satellite or other telecommunications facility

Ma, Bin

105

Transient beam loading in the ALS harmonic RF system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRANSIENT BEAM LOADING IN THE ALS HARMONIC RF SYSTEM * J.as the Advanced Light Source (ALS), with moderately low beamharmonic RF system on the ALS storage ring consisting of 5

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Using Coupled Harmonic Oscillators to Model Some Greenhouse Gas Molecules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Common greenhouse gas molecu les SF 6 NO 2 CH 4 and CO 2 are modeled as harmonic oscillators whose potential and kinetic energies are derived. Using the Euler?Lagrange equation

Clark Kendrick C. Go; Joel T. Maquiling

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Separation of High Order Harmonics with Fluoride Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Harmonics with Fluoride Windows T. K. Allison, 1,2? J. vanpropagation in a ?uoride window while still preserving theirfor MgF 2 , CaF 2 , and LiF windows for the third, ?fth, and

Allison, Tom

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Debunching into a bucket of lower harmonic number  

SciTech Connect

The adiabatic debunching of beam from buckets of higher harmonic number into waiting buckets of lower harmonic number is a critical step in the current scheme of operation for Tev I. The optimum choice of rf system parameters for this ''bunch coalescing'' process is not immediately obvious. In this note two examples are presented along with generalizations based upon them and experience with the Tevatron I design which can simplify the selection of appropriate parameters for different conditions.

MacLachlan, J.A.; Griffin, J.E.

1987-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

109

Absorption of ion Bernstein waves by impurity cyclotron harmonics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the damping of externally-launched ion Bernstein waves by absorption at the cyclotron harmonics of the impurity ions. The inclusion of the non-magnetic energy flux term reduces the damping rate by nearly two orders of magnitude from the previous calculation. Excessive impurity damping can be avoided by launching ion Bernstein waves at a frequency just below the second (or higher) cyclotron harmonic of hydrogen.

Ono, M.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Wind LCA Harmonization (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL recently led the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Harmonization Project, a study that provides more exact estimates of GHG emissions for renewable and conventional generation, clarifying inconsistent and conflicting estimates in the published literature, and reducing uncertainty. This involved a systematic review and harmonization of life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of utility-scale wind power systems in order to determine the causes of life cycle greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and, where possible, reduce variability in GHG estimates.

Not Available

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Efficient hybrid shunt active power filter for improvement of power factor and harmonic suppression using MATLAB  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power quality management is the main problem that the industry is facing today. This is mainly affected by the generation of harmonics. The growing use of electronic equipment produces a large amount of harmonics in distribution systems because of non-sinusoidal ... Keywords: MATLAB 7.6, harmonic suppression, hybrid filter, power quality, shunt active power filter, total harmonic distortion

Jarupula Somlal

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Design and Operation of First-and Second-Harmonic Coaxial Gyroklystrons for Advanced Accelerator Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design and Operation of First-and Second-Harmonic Coaxial Gyroklystrons for Advanced Accelerator Applications

Castle, M; Granatstein, V L; Hogan, B; Lawson, W; Reiser, M; Xu, X

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Evaluation of consumer demand for selected end-use markets for cotton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U.S. cotton industry is facing a rapidly diminishing share of the domestic and foreign textile markets. To become more competitive in these markets, the textile industry should know where consumer demand is being directed. The objectives of this study were to quantitatively examine the demand for cotton in twelve selected end-uses from 1973 to 1997. Four structural models were developed to explain demand, two of which were built using the results from directed graphs. Changes in fashion and governmental policy were also assessed during this time period. Economic theory and prior literature suggested that the following factors influence demand at the end-use level: Disposable Personal Income, the Consumer Price Index for Apparel and Upkeep, cotton fiber prices lagged one year, polyester fiber prices lagged one year, and population segmented by age and gender. Regression results indicate that the Consumer Price Index, the lagged polyester prices, and the population variables most significantly contribute to the demand for cotton. A negative polyester coefficient was associated in all cases of significance, characterizing cotton and polyester fiber as complements in end-uses. Out-of-sample forecasts were generated for the years 1993 to 1997, and then evaluated using the Theil's U statistic, the Root Mean Square Error, and the Mean Absolute Percentage Error. The forecasts from the full models, those with all variables, outperformed the directed graph models in terms of predictive power. Differences in significant variables and variability in forecasting accuracy among the different end-uses suggests that there is an inherent difficulty in modeling the demand for a fiber in its end-use. A common saying in the fashion industry is that "the only constant is change." A constantly changing industry thus presents difficulty in quantifying, modeling, and forecasting.

Viator, Catherine Longman

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Power Quality for Transmission and Distribution: Harmonics Design and Analytics Guidebook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has published numerous guidebooks, reports, and technical briefs on subjects pertaining to harmonics. Overall, the full EPRI library of documents on harmonics is highly comprehensive and spans the entire range of subject matter, from the effects of harmonic voltages and currents on customer and utility equipment to methodologies useful in conducting harmonic studies. Although this large selection of harmonics-related documents exists, the individual documents ...

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

115

Molecular cloning and characterization of genomic sequence tags (GSTs) from the PHYA, PHYB, and HY5 gene families of cotton (Gossypium species)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goals of this research project were to identify and characterize the cotton orthologs and paralogs of the Arabidopsis phytochrome genes and the cell elongation factor HY5. Based on close evolutionary relatedness between cotton and Arabidopsis, the similar genes to PHYA, PHYB and HY5 genes from Gossypium species have been identified. GSTs for two paralogous PHYA genes (PHYA1 and PHYA2) from diploid cottons have been cloned, sequenced and characterized. At least four PHYA genes: two PHYA1 and two PHYA2 genes (A&D-genome specific) have been determined in tetraploid cottons that were acquired from diploid ancestors. Cotton PHYA genes share 60-65% nucleotide identity with Arabidopsis PHYA gene. Approximately 80% nucleotide similarity between cotton PHYA1 and PHYA2 has been observed. Both cotton PHYA genes were actively expressed. The expression of A-genome PHYA1 and D-genome PHYA2 has been observed in G. hirsutum seedlings. A CAPS marker (BbvI) has been developed for PHYA1 gene, and a QTL locus that is closely linked (LOD = 4.13) to fiber length has been identified using the PHYA1 CAPS marker. In addition, GST for cotton PHYB gene has been cloned using the similar approach. Cloned cotton PHYB gene shows remarkable conservation within cotton species and shares 85% and 78% nucleotide sequence similarity with Arabidopsis PHYB and PHYD genes, respectively. GSTs for cotton HY5 gene have been cloned and characterized. Tetraploid cottons G. hirsutum and G. barbadense have two genes for HY5: HY5-A and HY5-B, which were acquired from wild diploid ancestors through polyploidization. The D-genome contributed HY5-A gene while the A-genome contributed HY5-B gene. Approximately 50-60% structural similarity between cotton and Arabidopsis HY5 loci has been observed. HY5-A gene was expressed in cotton seedlings while the expression of HY5-B was not observed. Using polymorphic sites in HY5-B genes, CAPS marker (RsaI) has been developed for HY5-B loci. However, no significant linkage was determined in QTL-mapping of an F? fiber length cotton population using HY5-B CAPS. Gossypium derived phytochrome and HY5 genes have the potential to be useful as molecular markers in marker-assisted cotton breeding, to improve cotton fiber quality, resistance to pathogens and insects, and tolerance to environmental adversities.

Abdurakhmonov, Ibrokhim Yulchievich

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Harmonizing Global Metrics for Data Center Energy Efficiency, February 2,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Harmonizing Global Metrics for Data Center Energy Efficiency, Harmonizing Global Metrics for Data Center Energy Efficiency, February 2, 2010 Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

117

Effect of Structural Modification on Second Harmonic Generation in Collagen  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of structural perturbation on second harmonic generation in collagen were investigated. Type I collagen fascicles obtained from rat tails were structurally modified by increasing nonenzymatic cross-linking, by thermal denaturation, by collagenase digestion, or by dehydration. Changes in polarization dependence were observed in the dehydrated samples. Surprisingly, no changes in polarization dependence were observed in highly crosslinked samples, despite significant alterations in packing structure. Complete thermal denaturation and collagenase digestion produced samples with no detectable second harmonic signal. Prior to loss of signal, no change in polarization dependence was observed in partially heated or digested collagen.

Stoller, P C; Reiser, K M; Celliers, P M; Rubenchik, A M

2003-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

118

Cascaded Cerenkov third-harmonic generation in random quadratic media  

SciTech Connect

We investigate experimentally and theoretically the conical emission of Cerenkov-type third-harmonic generation in strontium barium niobate of random 2D-{chi}{sup (2)} distribution. The azimuthal intensity distribution is explained by the polarization properties of the fundamental and Cerenkov second-harmonic waves, depending on the cascaded origin of the generation process. Moreover, we show the role of the individual domain shape in an additional modulation on the conical emission, controlled by the electrical switching of the spontaneous polarization of the ferroelectric medium.

Ayoub, Mousa; Roedig, Philip; Imbrock, Joerg; Denz, Cornelia [Institute of Applied Physics and Center for Nonlinear Science (CeNoS), Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 2, 48149 Muenster (Germany)

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

119

Harmonic mean, the Gamma factor and Speed of Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relationship between the harmonic mean and special relativity is concisely elucidated. The arguments in favor and against SRT are explored. It is shown that the ratio of the speed of light to the harmonic mean of the onward and return speeds of light in a moving frame under Newtonian mechanics, when equitably distributed between space and time as a correction, leads to the Lorentz transformation. This correction implies an apparent contraction of objects and time dilation. However, the symmetry of the onward and inverse transformations give a different meaning to the gamma factor

Chandru Iyer

2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

120

Analysis and Design of New Harmonic Mitigation Approaches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerous approaches have been proposed in order to resolve the problems of current harmonics in electrical distribution systems. The rapid development of power semiconductors along with the revolutionary advances on microprocessors consolidated the motor drives industry and with it a massive proliferation of non-linear loads. It was thought that these very same technological advances would trigger an explosive development of harmonic solutions based on power electronics. Moreover, the introduction of the instantaneous active and reactive power theory or the so-called p, q theory which simplifies and gives more robustness to the control strategies of active filters reinforced this idea. Three decades have passed since the first IGBT was introduced in early 1980s, and active harmonic solutions are not the first choice to solve harmonic pollution in electrical distribution systems, mainly due to the high cost and the perception of low reliability. Given this scenario, in this work two main approaches are explored. First, the combination of an asymmetric 18-pulse rectifier with a reduced KVA active harmonic filter to improve the performance under abnormal utility conditions. Second, an interleaved active harmonic filter using multiple inverters connected in parallel at the ac and dc size, which will allow for higher power ratings and power density increase. The performance issues of the asymmetric 18-pulse rectifier under unbalanced voltage and pre-existing harmonic components are analyzed, as well as the current distortion improvement, achieved when an active power filter is introduced. On the other hand, the high frequency harmonic cancellation when interleaved inverters are used, the circulation of zero-sequence current and the impact of interleaving on dc bus capacitor are analyzed. Finally, some methods to mitigate the low frequency circulating currents based on eliminating the zero-sequence component, and the introduction of common mode inductors to reduce the high frequency circulating current are studied. Without a doubt the search for new cost-effective topologies able to reach broader power levels and voltage ranges will continue emerging giving more alternatives to users. Moreover, extensive research on wide band gap devices such as Silicon Carbide (SiC) and Gallium Nitride (GaN), with which it is possible to reach higher voltage breakdown and at least an order-of-magnitude lower switching losses, makes the future more promising for active solutions.

Aeloiza Matus, Eddy 1972-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Third-harmonic generation and multiphoton ionization spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

Nonlinear phenomena, such as multiphoton excitation (MPE) processes leading to ionization and third-harmonic generation (THG) in gases have become the issue of extensive studies over recent years. Studies in rare gases in particular have resulted in several interesting observations in this respect. Thus, it has been established that three-photon resonantly enhanced multiphoton ionization (MPI) in the vicinity of states which are single photon optically coupled to the ground state may occur in efficient competition with THG. The present work demonstrates several new effects which may appear when third-harmonic radiation is present during MPI.

Fotakis, C.; Stockdale, J.A.D.; Proctor, M.J.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Evaluation of fracture treatment type on the recovery of gas from the cotton valley formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Every tight gas well needs to be stimulated with a hydraulic fracture treatment to produce natural gas at economic flow rates and recover a volume of gas that provides an acceptable return on investment. Over the past few decades, many different types of fracture fluids, propping agents and treatment sizes have been tried in the Cotton Valley formation. The treatment design engineer has to choose the optimum fluid, optimum proppant, optimum treatment size and make sure the optimum treatment is mixed and pumped in the field. These optimum values also depend on drilling costs, fracturing costs and other economic parameters; such as gas prices, operating costs and taxes. Using information from the petroleum literature, numerical and analytical simulators, and statistical analysis of production data, this research provides a detailed economic evaluation of the Cotton Valley wells drilled in the Elm Grove field operated by Matador Resources to determine not only the optimum treatment type, but also the optimum treatment volume as a function of drilling costs, completion costs, operating costs and gas prices. This work also provides an evaluation of well performance as a function of the fracture treatment type by reviewing production data from the Carthage and Oak Hill Cotton Valley fields in Texas and the Elm Grove field in Louisiana.

Yalavarthi, Ramakrishna

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Advanced Analysis of the Responses of Cotton Genotypes Growing Under Water Stress  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ever-growing world population raises the concern and necessity of rational use and distribution of limited water resources. Water deficit is the single most dominant abiotic factor limiting cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) yield in drought-prone Texas croplands. Characterizing plant traits conferring drought tolerance to cotton genotypes and then transferring this information back to breeders and geneticists have the potential of significantly increasing and stabilizing production statewide. Although a plethora of physiological studies have been conducted and have demonstrated that drought tolerance in plants is likely to be conferred by a combination of plant traits rather than a single trait, this knowledge has not translated into improved breeding lines. Experiments were conducted in 2010 and 2011 in the Drought Tolerance Laboratory (Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center in Corpus Christi, TX) to analyze the responses of cotton genotypes to different levels of water stress. This facility is equipped with computerized systems capable of continuously monitoring whole-plant water use as well as several environmental parameters. Sixteen cotton genotypes were provided by Monsanto Co. and the Texas AgriLife Cotton Improvement Programs at College Station and Lubbock. Seeds were pre-germinated in wet paper towels and then hand planted in large pots previously filled with fritted clay. A total of 3 and 8 (2010 and 2011, respectively) pots containing plants of each genotype were permanently placed on micro-lysimeters for continuous measurement of water use. Water regimes were imposed in 2010 (well-watered and water-stressed), and 2011 (water-stressed) when plants reached the early-flowering stage and were carried until plants reached maturity (100% open bolls). Data collected showed that genotypes have very distinct water use patterns. The water stress treatment imposed on the test plants negatively affected plant growth that was indicated by a lower plant height, total number of leaves, and main-stem nodes of stressed plants when contrasted to their well-watered counterparts. Stomatal density was remarkably different among genotypes and a higher density was found on the abaxial (lower) leaf surface for all genotypes studied. Root dry mass production had different responses depending upon the severity of the water stress. Highest root dry mass was observed when plants were exposed to a mild stress and lowest when a more severe water restriction was imposed.

Maeda, Murilo 1985-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

A Precision Agriculture Approach to Managing Cotton Fiber Quality as a Function of Variable Soil Properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cotton producers can maximize yield and fiber quality by understanding soil variability throughout the fields, thus receiving premium prices for the cotton lint. A better understanding of how soil water holding capacity affects cotton lint yield and quality can result in improved management practices that can maximize fiber quality while minimizing inputs. The objectives of this study were to 1) create management zones using a soil ECa map, 2) test the usefulness of this map using measurements of lint quality and lint quantity in both irrigated and dryland fields, and 3) determine a relationship between soil water holding capacity fiber quality parameters. The selected site was Texas A&M University s IMPACT center which is located nine miles west of College Station, TX in the Brazos River floodplain. In the 2006 and 2007 growing seasons, 24 measurement locations were selected in a dryland and irrigated cotton field, 12 locations in each field. The sites were selected using a map of soil ECa, three ECa categories and four replications. At each location soil texture, soil water holding capacity, and lint quality (HVI) and quantity were measured. The ECa categories successfully identified significant differences in clay content water holding capacity, lint yield, lint quality, and loan values. The 2006 season was relatively dry. Weather, soil variability, and management affected the yield and yield quality responses. Water availability was not a factor for lint yield or quality in 2007. In this situation, the soil was the primary factor for field heterogeneity. The cotton yield still responded to soil variability but lint quality and loan value was uniform. The uniformity of lint quality and non-uniformity of lint quantity leads to the conclusion that these soils have individual yield thresholds, but without water stress the quality threshold is uniform. This conclusion illuminates opportunities for precision management strategies. One management strategy that may result from this work is to reduce seeding rates in lower production areas of the field, if the plants will compensate for yield to still reach the soils yield potential, perhaps less competition for water would improve lint quality.

Stanislav, Scott

2011-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

125

Harmonic generation of ion waves due to Brillouin backscattering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report results of simulations of stimulated Brillouin backscatter in which we see the second spatial harmonic of the ion density fluctuation and compare with linear, fluid theory. We also describe examples of the competition between Raman and Brillouin backscatter. 21 refs., 3 figs.

Estabrook, K.; Kruer, W.L.; Haines, M.G.

1985-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

126

Web-assisted tunneling in the kicked harmonic oscillator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that heating of harmonically trapped ions by periodic delta kicks is dramatically enhanced at isolated values of the Lamb-Dicke parameter. At these values, quasienergy eigenstates localized on island structures undergo avoided crossings with extended web-states.

Andr R. R. Carvalho; Andreas Buchleitner

2004-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

127

Imaging Collagen Orientation Using Polarization-Modulated Second Harmonic Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use polarization-modulated second harmonic generation to image fiber orientation in collagen tissues, with an axial resolution of about 10 {micro}m and a transverse resolution of up to 1 {micro}m. A linearly polarized ultra-short pulse (200 fs) Ti:Sapphire laser beam is modulated using an electro-optic modulator and quarter-wave plate combination and focused onto a translation stage mounted sample using a microscope objective. The generated second harmonic light is collected using a photomultiplier tube and demodulated using phase sensitive detection to obtain signal intensity and fiber orientation information. In order to obtain second harmonic generation images of different types of collagen organization, we analyze several different tissues, including rat-tail tendon, mouse aorta, mouse fibrotic liver, and porcine skin. We can use our technique to image fibrotic tissue in histological sections of damaged liver and to identify burned tissue in porcine skin to a depth of a few hundred microns. Polarization-modulated second harmonic generation potentially could be a useful clinical technique for diagnosing collagen related disease or damage, especially in the skin.

Stoller, P; Celliers, P M; Reiser, K M; Rubenchik, A M

2002-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

128

Controllability of the coupled spin-half harmonic oscillator system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a control-theoretic analysis of the system consisting of a two-level atom coupled with a quantum harmonic oscillator. We show that by applying external fields with just two resonant frequencies, any desired unitary operator can be generated.

Haidong Yuan; Seth Lloyd

2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

129

Elimination of Harmonics in a Multilevel Converter for HEV Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

possible solu- tions are found. Keywords­ Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Multilevel Convert- ers, Harmonic Elimination, Resultants I. Introduction Designs for heavy duty hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs) that have large electric drives such as tractor trailers, trans- fer trucks, or military vehicles will require advanced

Tolbert, Leon M.

130

Power Quality Hotline Call-of-the-Month for August 2009: Voltage Harmonics, Part 1: Fundamentals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Call of the Month discusses what harmonics are and how they're produced. Part 2 will address the equipment concerns related to the presence of high levels of harmonic distortion in a customer's service voltage.

2009-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

131

Fault Detection and Diagnostics for Non-Intrusive Monitoring Using Motor Harmonics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Harmonic analysis of motor current has been used to track the speed of motors for sensorless control. Algorithms exist that track the speed of a motor given a dedicated stator current measurement, for example. Harmonic ...

Orji, Uzoma A.

132

The Spherical Harmonics Discrete Ordinate Method for Three-Dimensional Atmospheric Radiative Transfer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new algorithm for modeling radiative transfer in inhomogeneous three-dimensional media is described. The spherical harmonics discrete ordinate method uses a spherical harmonic angular representation to reduce memory use and time computing the ...

K. Franklin Evans

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Four-Stream Spherical Harmonic Expansion Approximation for Solar Radiative Transfer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a four-stream extension of the ?-Eddington approximation by considering the higher-order spherical harmonic expansion in radiative intensity. By using the orthogonality relation of the spherical harmonic functions, the ...

J. Li; V. Ramaswamy

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

A three-phase converter model for harmonic analysis of HVDC systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An equivalent circuit model is presented to model bridge converters for three-phase HVDC harmonic power flow analysis. The validity and accuracy of the model are verified by comparing simulation results against field test results. The model is interfaced with a multiphase harmonic load flow program to investigate the generation of non-characteristic harmonics from HVDC links and the flow of HVDC harmonics in a real system.

Xu, W.; Drakos, J.E.; Mansour, Y.; Chang, A. (B.C. Hydro, Burnaby, British Columbia (Canada))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Enhanced Harmonic Up-Conversion Using a Hybrid HGHG-EEHG Scheme  

SciTech Connect

We introduce a novel harmonic generation scheme which can be used, for a given desired harmonic, to achieve higher bunching factors, weaker chicanes, and/or less final energy spread than can be achieved using Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation. This scheme only requires a single laser with relatively low power, and is a hybrid of High-Gain Harmonic Generation and EEHG. We present a design of this scheme applied to the Next Generation Light Source (NGLS).

Marksteiner, Quinn R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bishofberger, Kip A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Carlsten, Bruce E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Freund, Henry P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yampolsky, Nikolai A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

136

Improvement of the disc harmonic moments descriptor by an exponentially decaying distance transform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors propose an improvement of a recent region-based shape descriptor inspired by the 3D spherical harmonics: the Disk Harmonic Moments Descriptor (DHMD). The binary image is weighted by an exponentially decaying distance transform (EDDT) before ... Keywords: content-based image, distance transform, legendre polynomials, region-based shape descriptor, retrieval, salience distance transform, spherical harmonics

Noureddine Ennahnahi; Mohammed Oumsis; Mohammed Meknassi

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Study of the health effects of chromium rollers used in cotton roller ginning industries and development of an alternative ginning process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This review paper realizes the hazards of chromium contamination and pollution caused by the use of Chrome Composite Leather-Clad (CCLC) rollers commonly used in cotton roller ginning industries and attempts to eliminate the chromium contamination and ... Keywords: chromium, cotton lint, ginning, rollers, rubber canvas

Gurumurthy Vijayan Iyer; Nikos E. Mastorakis

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Environmental impact studies of chrome rollers used by cotton roller ginning industries and design and development of pollution free chrome less RCF rollers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the pollution caused by Chrome Composite Leather-Clad (CCLC) rollers commonly used in cotton roller ginning industries and suggests an alternative roller material. The CCLC rollers contain about 18000 to 36000 mg/kg (ppm) total chromium ... Keywords: carcinogenic, chromium, cotton, eco-friendly, ginning, roller, rubberized roller

Gurumurthy Vijayan Iyer; Nikos E. Mastorakis

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

A web application for cotton irrigation management on the U.S. Southern High Plains. Part I: Crop yield modeling and profit analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Irrigated cotton (Gossypium Hirsutum L.) production is a central part of west Texas agriculture that depends on the essentially non-renewable water resource of the Ogallala aquifer. Web-based decision support tools that estimate the profit effects of ... Keywords: Cotton, Decision support tools, Irrigation, Ogallala aquifer, Profit estimation

Steven Mauget, Gary Leiker, Shyam Nair

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Mapping in-field cotton fiber quality and relating it to soil moisture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The overarching goal of this dissertation project was to address several fundamental aspects of applying site-specific crop management for fiber quality in cotton production. A two-year (2005 and 2006) field study was conducted at the IMPACT Center, a portion of the Texas A&M Research farm near College Station, Texas, to explore the spatial variability of cotton fiber quality and quantify its relationship with in-season soil moisture content. Cotton samples and in-situ soil moisture measurements were taken from the sampling locations in both irrigated and dry areas. It was found that generally low variability (CV wireless- and GPS-based system was fabricated and developed for automated module-level fiber quality mapping. The system is composed of several subsystems distributed among harvest vehicles, and the main components of the system include a GPS receiver, wireless transceivers, and microcontrollers. Software was developed in C language to achieve GPS signal receiving, wireless communication, and other auxiliary functions. The system was capable of delineating the geographic boundary of each harvested basket and tracking it from the harvester basket to the boll buggy and the module builder. When fiber quality data are available at gins or classing offices, they can be associated with those geographic boundaries to realize fiber quality mapping. Field tests indicated that the prototype system performed as designed. The resultant fiber quality maps can be used to readily differentiate some HVI fiber parameters (micronaire, color, and loan value) at the module level, indicating the competence of the system for fiber quality mapping and its potential for site-specific fiber quality management. Future improvements needed to make system suitable for a full-scale farming operation are suggested.

Ge, Yufeng

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Response of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) leaves to profenofos/adjuvant treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Insecticides may cause phytotoxic effects on crops. Addition of adjuvants may alleviate or aggravate such effects. Investigating the differences in plant responses to insecticide/adjuvant treatments may help in selecting a proper adjuvant to reduce insecticide phytotoxicity. This study examined the responses of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) leaves to profenofos[O-(4-bromo-2chlorophenyl)-O-ethyl S- phosphorothioatel/adjuvant treatments. The specific objectives were performed in four sets of experiments. The objective of the first set of experiments was to determine the effects of adjuvants on profenofos-induced visual injury of cotton plants. Profenofos/adjuvant treatments caused negligible injury, while combinations of profenofos with other insecticides in a tank mix solution caused significantly more injury. Addition of petroleum oil (PO) to the mix caused the greatest injury , while addition of Silwet or Plex caused the least injury. Uptake rates of pesticides are often associated with the observed visual injury. The objective of the second set of experiments was to determine the effects of the adjuvants on the uptake rates of profenofos. Uptake rates were determined at 0, 3, 6, and 9 hours after treatment (HAT). Uptake rates were significantly highest for profenofos+PO at 3 and 6 HAT as compared to profenofos alone or with cotton seed oil (CSO). Uptake rates of profenofos with Silwet or Plex, determined in another experiment, were smaller than uptake rates of profenofos with PO or CSO. Uptake rates of profenofos with adjuvants were related to the observed visual injury in the field. Increases in ethylene production are often indicative of phytotoxic effects on the plants. The objective of the third set of experiments was to determine the effects of profenofos/adjuvant treatment on ethylene production of cotton leaves. Profenofos and profenofos with PO or CSO caused a numerical increase in ethylene production; however, the data were inconclusive due to the variability between replicates. Changes in the ethylene production are often preceded by changes in I-aminocyclopropane-l-carboxylic acid (ACC). The objective of the fourth set of experiments was to determine the effect of profenofos/adjuvant treatment on the rate of ACC production. Profenofos and profenofos with PO or CSO failed to induce changes in the ACC pool.

Seskar, Mirjana

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Errors associated with particulate matter measurements on rural sources: appropriate basis for regulating cotton gins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agricultural operations across the United States are encountering difficulties complying with current air pollution regulations for particulate matter (PM). PM is currently regulated in terms of particle diameters less than or equal to a nominal 10 ?m (PM10); however, current legislation is underway to regulate PM with diameters less than or equal to a nominal 2.5 ?m (PM2.5). The goals of this research were to determine the biases and uncertainties associated with current PM10 and PM2.5 sampling methods and to determine the extent to which these errors may impact the determination of cotton gin emission factors. Ideally, PM samplers would produce an accurate measure of the pollutant indicator; for instance, a PM10 sampler would produce an accurate measure of PM less than or equal to 10 ?m. However, samplers are not perfect and errors are introduced because of the established tolerances associated with sampler performance characteristics and the interaction of particle size and sampler performance characteristics. Results of this research indicated that a source emitting PM characterized by a mass median diameter (MMD) of 20 ?m and a geometric standard deviation (GSD) of 1.5 could be forced to comply with a 3.2 and 14 times more stringent regulation of PM10 and PM2.5, respectively, than a source emitting PM characterized by a MMD of 10 ?m and a GSD of 1.5. These estimates are based on both sources emitting the same concentrations of true PM or concentrations corresponding to the particle diameters less than the size of interest. Various methods were used to estimate the true PM10 and PM2.5 emission factors associated with cotton gin exhausts and the extent to which the sampler errors impacted the PM regulation. Results from this research indicated that current cotton gin emission factors could be over-estimated by about 40%. This over-estimation is a consequence of the relatively large PM associated with cotton gin exhausts. These PM sampling errors are contributing to the misappropriation of source emissions in State Implementation Plans, essentially forcing Air Pollution Regulatory Agencies to require additional controls on sources that may be incorrectly classified has high emitters.

Buser, Michael Dean

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

[Testing and commercialization of a cotton stalk shredder and plow]. Technical progress report, July--September, 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper describes plans to field test several prototypes of plows that cut cotton stalks after harvesting and plows then back into the soil to prepare the field for the next planting. Modifications to the design have been made to allow the soil to more easily slide off the plow to reduce fuel consumption. A prototype has been shipped to Australia for testing in their fields and further product development. A farm machinery manufacturer has been selected to build two full-scale preproduction prototypes. Field testing will be done at sites in California and Arizona, since both have regulations specifying that cotton stalks must be shredded.

Thacker, G.W.

1995-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

144

BAYESIAN ANALYSIS OF MULTIPLE HARMONIC OSCILLATIONS IN THE SOLAR CORONA  

SciTech Connect

The detection of multiple mode harmonic kink oscillations in coronal loops enables us to obtain information on coronal density stratification and magnetic field expansion using seismology inversion techniques. The inference is based on the measurement of the period ratio between the fundamental mode and the first overtone and theoretical results for the period ratio under the hypotheses of coronal density stratification and magnetic field expansion of the wave guide. We present a Bayesian analysis of multiple mode harmonic oscillations for the inversion of the density scale height and magnetic flux tube expansion under each of the hypotheses. The two models are then compared using a Bayesian model comparison scheme to assess how plausible each one is given our current state of knowledge.

Arregui, I.; Asensio Ramos, A.; Diaz, A. J., E-mail: iarregui@iac.es [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Via Lactea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Damping the zero-point energy of a harmonic oscillator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The physics of quantum electromagnetism in an absorbing medium is that of a field of damped harmonic oscillators. Yet until recently the damped harmonic oscillator was not treated with the same kind of formalism used to describe quantum electrodynamics in a arbitrary medium. Here we use the techniques of macroscopic QED, based on the Huttner--Barnett reservoir, to describe the quantum mechanics of a damped oscillator. We calculate the thermal and zero-point energy of the oscillator for a range of damping values from zero to infinity. While both the thermal and zero-point energies decrease with damping, the energy stored in the oscillator at fixed temperature increases with damping, an effect that may be experimentally observable. As the results follow from canonical quantization, the uncertainty principle is valid for all damping levels.

T. G Philbin; S. A. R. Horsley

2013-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

146

Calculation of HVDC converter noncharacteristic harmonics using digital time-domain simulation method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, noncharacteristic harmonics of an HVdc converter station are calculated based on the use of digital time-domain simulation methods. An enhanced version of the Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) is used for the studies. The noncharacteristic harmonics of interest are (1) the dc side triplen harmonics, and (2) the ac side second harmonic. Impacts of loading conditions, neutral filter, and converter firing angle on the dc side triplen harmonics are discussed. Effects of ac side network parameters, static VAR compensator (SVC), transformer half-cycle saturation, and Geomagnetically Induced Current (GIC) on the ac side second harmonic instability are also presented. This paper concludes that the digital time-domain simulation method provides significant flexibility for accurate prediction of (1) generation mechanism, and (2) adverse impacts of HVdc noncharacteristic harmonics.

Sarshar, A. [Trench Electric, Scarborough, Ontario (Canada); Iravani, M.R.; Li, J. [Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

On the moment of inertia of a quantum harmonic oscillator  

SciTech Connect

An original method for calculating the moment of inertia of the collective rotation of a nucleus on the basis of the cranking model with the harmonic-oscillator Hamiltonian at arbitrary frequencies of rotation and finite temperature is proposed. In the adiabatic limit, an oscillating chemical-potential dependence of the moment of inertia is obtained by means of analytic calculations. The oscillations of the moment of inertia become more pronounced as deformations approach the spherical limit and decrease exponentially with increasing temperature.

Khamzin, A. A., E-mail: airat.khamzin@rambler.ru; Sitdikov, A. S. [Kazan (Volga region) Federal University (Russian Federation)] [Kazan (Volga region) Federal University (Russian Federation); Nikitin, A. S. [Kazan State Power-Engineering University (Russian Federation)] [Kazan State Power-Engineering University (Russian Federation); Roganov, D. A. [Open Corporation Joint-Stock Commercial Investment Bank Tatfondbank (Russian Federation)] [Open Corporation Joint-Stock Commercial Investment Bank Tatfondbank (Russian Federation)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

148

Dynamics of Flat Bunches with Second Harmonic RF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the dynamics of longitudinally flat bunches created with a second harmonic cavity in a high energy collider. We study Landau damping in a second harmonic cavity with analytical and numerical methods. The latter include particle tracking and evolution of the phase space density. The results are interpreted in the context of possible application to the LHC. A possible path to a luminosity upgrade at the LHC is through the creation of longitudinally flat bunches. They can increase the luminosity roughly by 40% when the beam intensities are at the beam-beam limit. Lower momentum spread which can reduce backgrounds and make collimation easier as well lower peak fields which can mitigate electron cloud effects are other advantages. Use of a second harmonic rf system is a frequently studied method to create such flat bunches. Here we consider some aspects of longitudinal dynamics of these bunches in the LHC at top energy. First we consider intensity limits set by the loss of Landau damping against rigid dipole oscillations. Next we describe numerical simulations using both particle tracking and evolution of the phase space density. These simulations address the consequences of driving a bunch at a frequency that corresponds to the maximum of the synchrotron frequency.

Sen, Tanaji; /Fermilab; Bhat, Chandra; /Fermilab; Kim, Hyung Jin; /Fermilab; Ostiguy, Jean-Francois; /Fermilab

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Background and Reflections on the Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Despite the ever-growing body of life cycle assessment (LCA) literature on electricity generation technologies, inconsistent methods and assumptions hamper comparison across studies and pooling of published results. Synthesis of the body of previous research is necessary to generate robust results to assess and compare environmental performance of different energy technologies for the benefit of policy makers, managers, investors, and citizens. With funding from the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory initiated the LCA Harmonization Project in an effort to rigorously leverage the numerous individual studies to develop collective insights. The goals of this project were to: (1) understand the range of published results of LCAs of electricity generation technologies, (2) reduce the variability in published results that stem from inconsistent methods and assumptions, and (3) clarify the central tendency of published estimates to make the collective results of LCAs available to decision makers in the near term. The LCA Harmonization Project's initial focus was evaluating life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from electricity generation technologies. Six articles from this first phase of the project are presented in a special supplemental issue of the Journal of Industrial Ecology on Meta-Analysis of LCA: coal (Whitaker et al. 2012), concentrating solar power (Burkhardt et al. 2012), crystalline silicon photovoltaics (PVs) (Hsu et al. 2012), thin-film PVs (Kim et al. 2012), nuclear (Warner and Heath 2012), and wind (Dolan and Heath 2012). Harmonization is a meta-analytical approach that addresses inconsistency in methods and assumptions of previously published life cycle impact estimates. It has been applied in a rigorous manner to estimates of life cycle GHG emissions from many categories of electricity generation technologies in articles that appear in this special supplemental supplemental issue, reducing the variability and clarifying the central tendency of those estimates in ways useful for decision makers and analysts. Each article took a slightly different approach, demonstrating the flexibility of the harmonization approach. Each article also discusses limitations of the current research, and the state of knowledge and of harmonization, pointing toward a path of extending and improving the meta-analysis of LCAs.

Heath, G. A.; Mann, M. K.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

India maintains status quo on cotton exports | 17 January 2011 | www.commodityonline.com http://www.commodityonline.com/news/India-maintains-status-quo-on-cotton-exports-35722-3-1.html[1/18/2011 2:10:28 PM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

>> Report Buy Gold & Silver Online Now! Search Web Commodity Online Home Bullion Cereal Energy Metals Fibers by Google Steel Prices Steel Mills Gold Price Cotton Trade Cotton News Name * Your Email Total Comments : 0. (The author is Associate Professor at Texas Tech University, USA) Scrap Industry News Aluminum price

Rock, Chris

151

Mapping the nonlinear optical susceptibility by noncollinear second harmonic generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a method, based on noncollinear second harmonic generation, to evaluate the non-zero elements of the nonlinear optical susceptibility. At a fixed incidence angle, the generated signal is investigated by varying the polarization state of both fundamental beams. The resulting polarization charts allows to verify if Kleinman symmetry rules can be applied to a given material or to retrieve the absolute value of the nonlinear optical tensor terms, from a reference measurement. Experimental measurements obtained from Gallium Nitride layers are reported. The proposed method does not require an angular scan thus is useful when the generated signal is strongly affected by sample rotation

Larciprete, M C; Giardina, M; Belardini, A; Centini, M; Sibilia, 1 C; Bertolotti, M; Passaseo, A; Tasco, V

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Power Quality and Harmonic Impacts of Distributed Generation Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The PQ TechWatch report series builds on EPRI's broad expertise and power quality testing and evaluation work to provide a vital flow of data, including important information on emerging trends powering ebusinesses and developments in next-generation power quality mitigation and energy storage technologies.This PQ TechWatch aims to present an overview of power quality impacts resulting from operation of DG technologies on the grid. An emphasis on harmonic effects is included here. Concerns in this area a...

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

153

Non-Markovian quantum Brownian motion of a harmonic oscillator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We apply the density-matrix method to the study of quantum Brownian motion of a harmonic oscillator coupled to a heat bath, a system investigated previously by Caldeira and Leggett using a different method. Unlike the earlier work, in our derivation of the master equation the non-Markovian terms are maintained. Although the same model of interaction is used, discrepancy is found between their results and our equation in the Markovian limit. We also point out that the particular interaction model used by both works cannot lead to the phenomenological generalized Langevin theory of Kubo.

Tang, J.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

A non-conforming 3D spherical harmonic transport solver  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new 3D transport solver for the time-independent Boltzmann transport equation has been developed. This solver is based on the second-order even-parity form of the transport equation. The angular discretization is performed through the expansion of the angular neutron flux in spherical harmonics (PN method). The novelty of this solver is the use of non-conforming finite elements for the spatial discretization. Such elements lead to a discontinuous flux approximation. This interface continuity requirement relaxation property is shared with mixed-dual formulations such as the ones based on Raviart-Thomas finite elements. Encouraging numerical results are presented. (authors)

Van Criekingen, S. [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique CEA-Saclay, DEN/DM2S/SERMA/LENR Bat 470, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, Cedex (France)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Harmonizing Melodies in Real-Time: the Connectionist Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a sequential neural network for harmonizing melodies in real time. It models aspects of human cognition. This neural network succeeds reasonably well, if we take into consideration the constraints imposed by real time processing. The model exploits efficiently the available sequential information. The net contains a sub-net for meter that produces a periodic index of meter, providing the needed metric awareness. The net learns the relations between important notes of the melody and their harmonies and is able to produce harmonies for new melodies in real time, i.e., without knowledge of the future development of the melody.

Dan Gang; Daniel Lehmann; Naftali Wagner

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Harmonic coordinates in the string and membrane equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this note, we first show that the solutions to Cauchy problems for two versions of relativistic string and membrane equations are diffeomorphic. Then we investigate the coordinates transformation presented in D. X. Kong and Q. Zhang [Physica D 238, 902 (2009); see (2.20)] which plays an important role in the study on the dynamics of the motion of string in Minkowski space. This kind of transformed coordinates is harmonic coordinates, and the nonlinear relativistic string equations can be straightforwardly simplified into linear wave equations under this transformation.

He Chunlei; Huang Shoujun [Department of Mathematics, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000 (China)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

157

Improvement of Cotton Fiber Maturity and Assessment of Intra-Plant Fiber Variability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The temporal system of fruiting on the cotton plant lends itself to bolls at different fruiting sites developing under different environmental conditions and with varied source-sink relationships. To investigate this, intra-plant fiber quality was assessed in four upland cultivars at College Station, Texas for three years and at Lubbock, Texas for two years. It was concluded that fiber quality steadily declines from the bottom sympodial branches towards the upper branches. 'FiberMax 832' had the best fiber quality among all cultivars but it also had the highest degree of variability within the plants. 'Half and Half' and 'Acala 1517-99' appear to have the least amount of intra-plant variability of fiber quality. Bolls from the bottom region of the plant have higher trash content compared to the upper region. To test the impact of fiber quality variability on boll sampling techniques employed, ten sampling protocols were compared against each other for three years in College Station, Texas, for two upland cultivars. Results suggest that randomized boll samples containing 50 bolls worked well to estimate inherent fiber quality for most fiber traits while estimation of trash and lint percent was not predictable based on boll samples. One of the problems associated with intra-plant fiber variability was the presence of immature fibers. In order to determine the potential for improvement of fiber maturity and standard fineness, five upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) genotypes were subjected to a diallel analysis at College Station, Texas, in 2011. Four cultivars that tend to produce fine and mature fibers and one cultivar that tends to produce coarse fibers were intermated in all combinations, without reciprocals. Estimates of general (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) for fiber maturity ratio and standard fineness based on Griffing's diallel Model I, Method 4 were calculated for AFIS and fiber micronaire, length and strength measurements for High Volume Instrument (HVI). Four parents had significant GCA effects and Acala 1517-99 was found to be the best parent for improving standard fineness followed by FiberMax 832 and 'Tamcot HQ-95'. Tamcot HQ-95 was the best parent to improve fiber maturity ratio while 'Deltapine 90' was the best parent to reduce fiber maturity ratio. The specific cross between Acala 1517-99 and Tamcot HQ-95 had the best performance. Diallel analysis indicated that fiber maturity ratio was influenced by non-additive gene effects more than additive gene effects while fiber standard fineness was highly influenced by additive gene effects. Developing cultivars with optimal fiber standard fineness and maturity should be prioritized to address problems associated with neps and short fiber content and improve spinning performance of US cotton.

Kothari, Neha

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Soil microbial response to glyphosate-base cotton pest management systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Currently, 74% of cotton acres in the United States are planted with glyphosatetolerant varieties. The average glyphosate-tolerant cotton crop is treated with glyphosate 2.1 times each year in addition to other herbicides, insecticides, and fungicides. The primary objectives of this research were to: 1) describe the influence of glyphosate and pesticides commonly applied at or near the time of cotton planting on soil microbial activity and biomass; 2) study the effect of glyphosate on fluometuron degradation; 3) evaluate the response of Rhizoctonia solani to glyphosate and fluometuron; 4) study changes in glyphosate metabolism that occur as a result of repeated glyphosate applications; and 5) define shifts in the soil microbial community. Additionally, methods for accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) of fluometuron from soils were developed. In one experiment, the addition of glyphosate reduced C-mineralization in soils treated with fluometuron, aldicarb, or mefenoxam + PCNB formulations. However, in a second experiment, C-mineralization increased when glyphosate was applied with fluometuron relative to fluometuron applied alone. Accelerated solvent extraction was used in experiments which demonstrated that application of glyphosate with fluometuron increased the rate of fluometuron degradation in soil relative to fluometuron alone. When glyphosate was added to minimal medium, degradation of fluometuron by R. solani was reduced and less fungal biomass was produced. The total amount of 14C-glyphosate mineralized was reduced when glyphosate was applied 5 times relative to 1, 2, 3, or 4 times. Incorporation of 14Cglyphosate residues into soil microbial biomass was greater following five glyphosate applications than one application 3 and 7 days after application (DAA). Soil fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) profiles were altered by five glyphosate applications relative to one application. Additionally, FAMEs common to gram-negative bacteria were present in higher concentrations following five applications relative to 1, 2, 3, or 4 applications both 7 and 14 DAA. These studies indicated that: 1) glyphosate altered the soil microbial response to other pesticides; 2) fluometuron-degrading microorganisms in soil responded differently to glyphosate; 3) changes in the dissipation or distribution of glyphosate following repeated glyphosate applications were associated with changes in the structural diversity of the soil microbial community.

Lancaster, Sarah Renee

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Unbalance and Harmonic Concerns When Forging Facility Fed From Backup Generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents the analysis and mitigation suggestions for unbalance and harmonic concerns when forging a facility fed from a backup generator.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

160

Cholesterol and Phytosterol Oxidation ProductsChapter 6 Harmonization of Cholesterol Oxidation Product Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cholesterol and Phytosterol Oxidation Products Chapter 6 Harmonization of Cholesterol Oxidation Product Analysis Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for harmonization are standby losses, uniform endorsementthe three countries. a) Standby losses: Relevant activities:order on energy efficient standby power devices. The order

Wiel, Stephen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Numerical studies of third-harmonic generation in laser filament in air perturbed by plasma spot  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Third-harmonic emission from laser filament intercepted by plasma spot is studied by numerical simulations. Significant enhancement of the third-harmonic generation is obtained due to the disturbance of the additional plasma. The contribution of the pure plasma effect and the possible plasma-enhanced third-order susceptibility on the third-harmonic generation enhancement are compared. It is shown that the plasma induced cancellation of destructive interference [Y. Liu et al., Opt. Commun. 284, 4706 (2011)] of two-colored filament is the dominant mechanism of the enhancement of third-harmonic generation.

Feng Liubin [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100190 (China); Institute of Atomic and Molecular Physics and Department of Physics, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065 (China); Lu Xin; Liu Xiaolong; Li Yutong; Chen Liming; Ma Jinglong; Dong Quanli; Wang Weimin [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100190 (China); Xi Tingting [College of Physical Sciences, Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Sheng Zhengming; Zhang Jie [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100190 (China); Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas of the Ministry of Education of China and Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); He Duanwei [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Physics and Department of Physics, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065 (China)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

Technical Study Addresses a Key Challenge to Harmonizing U.S...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and U.S. and international standards appear to be closer to harmonization. Technical Contacts: John Wohlgemuth, john.wohlgemuth@nrel.gov; Michael Kempe,...

164

High-order harmonic generation in Xe, Kr, and Ar driven by a 2.1-?m source: High-order harmonic spectroscopy under macroscopic effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We experimentally and numerically study the atomic response and pulse propagation effects of high-order harmonics generated in Xe, Kr, and Ar driven by a 2.1-?m infrared femtosecond light source. The light source is an ...

Hong, Kyung-Han

165

Harmonic Amplitudes Calculation Method and Simulation of Diode-bridge Rectifier's Output Current  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Taking the three-phase uncontrolled diode-bridge rectifier of a certain style armored vehicles power supple system as research object, a practical method to calculate the harmonic amplitudes of rectifiers DC-side output current is theoretically ... Keywords: rectifier, harmonic amplitude, switching function, simulation, MATLAB

Wei Wei; Xiaojun Ma; Shuguang Wei; Zhaozhao He

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Study on the Harmonics of Photovoltaic Generation SPWM Inverting Power Supplies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Harmonics are the main polluting source of affecting the power energy quality. In this paper, the causes that SPWM inverter power supply produces the harmonics are analyzed firstly and then a new three-phase ?-band-pass filter is designed to improve ... Keywords: harmonious, solar energy photovoltaic power, inverter, current ripples component

Jianqu Zhu; Feng Wang; Taiqiang Cao

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Adjustable Speed Drive: Harmonic Effects on Induction Motors: Volumes 1 and 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of adjustable speed drives (ASDs) for induction motors in electric power plants has several advantages, but ASDs produce harmonic current and voltage that can result in problems. The Standstill Frequency Response (RFR) program for the personal PC can be used to study these harmonic effects in a wide range of motors.

1995-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

168

Adjustable Speed Drive: Harmonic Effects on Induction Motors: Volumes 1 and 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of adjustable speed drives (ASDs) for induction motors in electric power plants has several advantages, but ASDs produce harmonic current and voltage that can result in problems. The Standstill Frequency Response (RFR) program for the personal PC can be used to study these harmonic effects in a wide range of motors.

1995-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

169

Modeling and experimental validation of internal faults in salient pole synchronous machines including space harmonics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Considering the space harmonics caused by the faulted windings, a simulation model of internal faults in salient pole synchronous machines is proposed in this paper. The model is based on the winding function approach, which makes no assumption for sinusoidal ... Keywords: Internal faults, Space harmonics, Synchronous machines, Winding function

X. Tu; L. -A. Dessaint; M. El Kahel; A. Barry

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Original article: Selective compensation of voltage harmonics in grid-connected microgrids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a novel approach is proposed for selective compensation of main voltage harmonics in a grid-connected microgrid. The aim of compensation is to provide a high voltage quality at the point of common coupling (PCC). PCC voltage quality is ... Keywords: Distributed generator (DG), Grid-connected, Microgrid, Voltage harmonics compensation

Mehdi Savaghebi, Juan C. Vasquez, Alireza Jalilian, Josep M. Guerrero, Tzung-Lin Lee

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Computationally fast harmonic balance methods for unsteady aerodynamic predictions of helicopter rotors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A harmonic balance technique for the analysis of unsteady flows about helicopter rotors in forward flight and hover is presented in this paper. The aerodynamics of forward flight are highly nonlinear, with transonic flow on the advancing blade, subsonic ... Keywords: Computational fluid dynamics, Frequency-domain methods, Harmonic balance technique, Helicopter rotors, Unsteady aerodynamics

Kivanc Ekici; Kenneth C. Hall; Earl H. Dowell

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Modeling DFIG Using General Vector Representation in the Presence of Harmonics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbine is modeled by using the general vector representation of voltage, current and magnetic flux in the presence of harmonics. The general vector representation provides insights into how ... Keywords: wind turbine, harmonics, general vector form, DFIG

Ziqiao Liu, Ahmed Abu-Hajar, David Wenzhong Gao

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Extraction of voltage harmonics using multi-layer perceptron neural network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a harmonic extraction algorithm using artificial neural networks for Dynamic Voltage Restorers (DVRs). The suggested algorithm employs a feed forward Multi Layer Perceptron (MLP) Neural Network with error back propagation learning ... Keywords: Dynamic Voltage Restorer, Harmonic extraction, Multi Layer Perceptron, Neural Networks

Mehmet Tmay; M. Emin Meral; K. a?atay Bayindir

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Harmonic filters influences regarding the power quality on high frequency electrothermal installation with electromagnetic induction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a study regarding the functioning of a melting/hardening electrothermal installation with electromagnetic induction from the point of view of generated harmonics in the power distribution. The authors made simulations in scope of ... Keywords: electrothermal installation, harmonic, passive filters, static converter

Raluca Rob; Ioan Sora; Caius Panoiu; Manuela Panoiu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Multiple Cerenkov second-harmonic waves in a two-dimensional  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multiple Cerenkov second-harmonic waves in a two-dimensional nonlinear photonic structure Wenjie fundamental beams. We show that this phenomenon is caused by the nonlinear Cerenkov radiation emitted due verify the effects of reciprocal vectors on the Cerenkov-type second-harmonic generation in nonlinear

Arie, Ady

176

Harmonic generation and wave mixing in nonlinear metamaterials and photonic crystals (Invited paper)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The basic concepts and phenomenology of wave mixing and harmonic generation are reviewed in context of the recent advances in the enhanced nonlinear activity in metamaterials and photonic crystals. The effects of dispersion, field confinement and phase ... Keywords: bandgap, dispersion, harmonic generation, nonlinear metamaterial, pulses

O. Shramkova; A. Schuchinsky

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Harmonization of Road Signs for Electric Vehicle Charging Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Avenue Louise 200 Box 113 1050 Brussels Belgium 1 Avenue Louise 200 Box 113 1050 Brussels Belgium 1 32.2.647.3218 Mobile 32.473.284.603 jseisler@cleanfuelsconsulting.org www.cleanfuelsconsulting.org Harmonization of Road Signs for Electric Vehicle Charging Stations Prepared for: Argonne National Laboratory and the U.S. Department of Energy November 2012 Avenue Louise 200 Box 113 1050 Brussels Belgium 2 32.2.647.3218 Mobile 32.473.284.603 jseisler@cleanfuelsconsulting.org www.cleanfuelsconsulting.org This page is intentionally blank. Avenue Louise 200 Box 113 1050 Brussels Belgium 3 32.2.647.3218 Mobile 32.473.284.603 jseisler@cleanfuelsconsulting.org www.cleanfuelsconsulting.org TABLE OF CONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ............................................................................................................. 5

178

Harmonic voltages and currents on two Greek islands with photovoltaic stations: Study and field measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the harmonic distortion present to the electric grid of two small Greek islands (Arki and Antikythera) where Photovoltaic Stations are installed, to study their inverters harmonic behavior and to present the measurements of the harmonic voltages and currents obtained at field tests on these two islands. It is shown that the harmonics injected by the Photovoltaic Stations to the electric grid are not very high and at most cases they can not cause significant problems to the appliances to he customers. On the other had, a theoretical analysis of the installed inverters technology is also presented, showing that the results from the measurements and those of the presented analysis are quite identical. From both measurements and theoretical analysis remarkable conclusions concerning the problem of harmonics are drawn.

Vokas, G.A.; Machias, A.V. [National Technical Univ., Athens (Greece). Electric Power Div.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Intense multimicrojoule high-order harmonics generated from neutral atoms of In{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We studied high-order harmonic generation from plasma that contains an abundance of indium oxide nanoparticles. We found that harmonics from nanoparticle-containing plasma are considerably more intense than from plasma produced on the In{sub 2}O{sub 3} bulk target, with high-order harmonic energy ranging from 6 {mu}J (for the ninth harmonic) to 1 {mu}J (for the 17th harmonic) in the former case. The harmonic cutoff from nanoparticles was at the 21st order, which is lower than that observed using indium oxide solid target. By comparing the harmonic spectra obtained from solid and nanoparticle indium oxide targets, we concluded that intense harmonics in the latter case are dominantly generated from neutral atoms of the In{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles.

Elouga Bom, L. B.; Abdul-Hadi, J.; Vidal, F.; Ozaki, T. [Centre Energie, Materiaux et Telecommunications, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1650 Lionel-Boulet, Varennes, Quebec J3X 1S2 (Canada); Ganeev, R. A. [Centre Energie, Materiaux et Telecommunications, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1650 Lionel-Boulet, Varennes, Quebec J3X 1S2 (Canada); Scientific Association Akadempribor, Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences, Akademgorodok, Tashkent 100125 (Uzbekistan)

2009-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

180

Cherenkov high-order harmonic generation by multistep cascading in {chi}{sup (2)} nonlinear photonic crystal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a scheme for efficient Cherenkov high-order harmonic generation. Second to fifth order harmonic wave are observed in a single periodically poled ferroelectric crystal in our experiment. The noncollinear high-order harmonic generation is produced via enhanced Cherenkov second harmonic cascaded with successive multistep sum-frequency generation with simultaneously longitudinal phase-matching. The emission angle and power dependencies are analyzed in detail experimentally, which coincide with theoretical predictions.

An Ning; Ren Huaijin [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China); State Key Laboratory on Fiber Optic Local Area Communication Networks and Advanced Optical Communication Systems, Shanghai 200240 (China); Zheng Yuanlin [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China); Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China); Deng Xuewei [Laser Fusion Research Center, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China); Chen Xianfeng [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China); State Key Laboratory on Fiber Optic Local Area Communication Networks and Advanced Optical Communication Systems, Shanghai 200240 (China); Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China)

2012-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Improving Cotton Embryo Culture by Simulating In Ovulo Nutrient and Hormone Levels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plant ovules provide zygotes with a physicochemical environment that supports embryo differentiation, growth, and maturation. The exact nature of this embryogenesis-enabling environment is not well characterized, as evidenced by failed attempts to induce normal embryony from zygotes or proembryos (precotyledonary) on defined media. To identify factors required for cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) zygotic embryony in vitro, we previously performed chemical and dissolved oxygen tension analyses of cotton ovule fluids and tissues at multiple stages of embryony in situ. Based on these analyses, we report herein the development of procedures that normalize embryo differentiation, growth, maturation, and germination in vitro, starting with proembryos. Our medium differed from Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium as follows (percentage of MS): N (30%, mostly from ten amino acids), P (815%), K (237%), Mg (85%), Ca (267%), S (506%), Fe (88%), and myoinositol (883%). Levels of other MS nutrients and vitamins, except sucrose, were kept at MS levels. Additionally, we included 100 mg L-1 casein hydrolysate plus the following (mmol L-1): d-glucose (1.8), fructose (4.7), sucrose (62.0), arabinose (7.1), melibiose (3.5), malic acid (11.6), and citric acid (3.8). Mannitol was added to achieve a medium osmotic potential of -1.10 MPa, and an atmospheric O2 tension of 3.3 mol m-3 at the surface of embryos was maintained during culture. When cultured on medium containing 8.0 mol L-1 indole-3-acetic acid, 80-90% of proembryos (as small as 100 cells) of cultivars HS-26 and B-27 increased four- to eightfold in surface area during the first 18 d in culture and germinated thereafter to produce viable plants. Increases in surface area of proembryos cultured on a modified MS medium previously used for somatic embryogenesis were from 0.2- to 0.6-fold. The described embryo culture medium should be useful for studying nutritional and molecular aspects of early embryony and possibly for plant zygote transformation protocols.

Rodney Fuller; Vincent Liddiard; J. Hess; John Carman

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Theoretical studies of high-order harmonic generation: Effects of symmetry, degeneracy, and orientation  

SciTech Connect

Using a quantum-mechanical three-step model, we present numerical calculations of the high-order harmonic generation from four polyatomic molecules. Ethylene (C{sub 2}H{sub 4}) serves as an example where orbital symmetry directly affects the harmonic yield. We treat the case of methane (CH{sub 4}) to address the high-order harmonic generation resulting from a molecule with degenerate orbitals. To this end we illustrate how the single-orbital contributions show up in the total high-order harmonic signal. This example illustrates the importance of adding coherently the amplitude contributions from the individual degenerate orbitals. Finally, we study the high-order harmonic generation from propane (C{sub 3}H{sub 8}) and butane (C{sub 4}H{sub 10}). These two molecules, being extended and far from spherical in structure, produce harmonics with nontrivial orientational dependencies. In particular, propane can be oriented so that very high-frequency harmonics are favored, and thus the molecule contains prospects for the generation of uv attosecond pulses.

Madsen, C. B.; Madsen, L. B. [Lundbeck Foundation Theoretical Center for Quantum System Research, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Aarhus, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

183

Results of the harmonics measurement program at the John F. Long photovoltaic house  

SciTech Connect

Photovoltaic (PV) systems used in single-family dwellings require an inverter to act as an interface between the direct-current (dc) power output of the PV unit and the alternating-current (ac) power needed by house loads. A type of inverter known as line-commutated injects harmonic currents on the ac side and requires large amounts of reactive power. Large numbers of such PV installations could lead to unacceptable levels of harmonic voltages on the utility system, and the need to increase the utility's delivery of reactive power could result in significant cost increases. The harmonics and power-factor effects are examined for a single PV installation using a line-commutated inverter. The data were obtained during a five-day measurement program conducted at the John F. Long House, which is a prototype residential PV installation located in Phoenix, Arizona. The magnitude and phase of various currents and voltages from the fundamental to the 13th harmonic were recorded both with and without the operation of the PV system. The inverter can be looked upon as an ideal current source that injects definable amounts of current at any particular harmonic frequency; the harmonic currents that were normally conducted by the house loads underwent very little change as a result of currents injected by the inverter; the harmonic voltages seen by the house loads were slightly altered due to the passage of the inverter harmonic currents through system impedances, but no effect on the voltage harmonics was observed at the distribution transformer primary; and the inverter's reactive power demands more than doubled the maximum demand that would be expected for a normal home. Sufficient information was obtained to provide for a conservative modeling of a representative PV system to be used in a computer program designed to evaluate the effects of larger concentrations of PV systems.

Campen, G.L.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Electro-optic harmonic conversion to switch a laser beam out of a cavity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a switch to permit a laser beam to escape a laser cavity through the use of an externally applied electric field across a harmonic conversion crystal. Amplification takes place in the laser cavity, and then the laser beam is switched out by the laser light being harmonically converted with dichroic or polarization sensitive elements present to alter the optical path of the harmonically converted laser light. Modulation of the laser beam can also be accomplished by varying the external electric field.

Haas, Roger A. (Pleasanton, CA); Henesian, Mark A. (Livermore, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Surface harmonics method equations for solving the time-dependent neutron transport problems and their verification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finite-difference time-dependent equations of Surface Harmonics method have been obtained for plane geometry. Verification of these equations has been carried out by calculations of tasks from 'Benchmark Problem Book ANL-7416'. The capacity and efficiency of the Surface Harmonics method have been demonstrated by solution of the time-dependent neutron transport equation in diffusion approximation. The results of studies showed that implementation of Surface Harmonics method for full-scale calculations will lead to a significant progress in the efficient solution of the time-dependent neutron transport problems in nuclear reactors. (authors)

Boyarinov, V. F.; Kondrushin, A. E.; Fomichenko, P. A. [National Research Center, Kurchatov Inst., Kurchatov Sq. 1, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Isotope effects in the harmonic response from hydrogenlike muonic atoms in strong laser fields  

SciTech Connect

High-order harmonic generation from hydrogenlike muonic atoms exposed to ultraintense high-frequency laser fields is studied. Systems of low nuclear-charge number Z are considered where a nonrelativistic description applies. By comparing the radiative response for different isotopes, we demonstrate characteristic signatures of the finite nuclear mass and size in the harmonic spectra. In particular, for Z>1, an effective muon charge appears in the Schroedinger equation for the relative particle motion, which influences the position of the harmonic cutoff. Cutoff energies in the million-electron-volt domain can be achieved, offering prospects for the generation of ultrashort coherent {gamma}-ray pulses.

Shahbaz, Atif; Mueller, Carsten [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Buervenich, Thomas J. [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Ruth-Moufang-Strasse 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

Thermalization in harmonic particle chains with velocity flips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a new mathematical tool for the study of transport properties of models for lattice vibrations in crystalline solids. By replication of dynamical degrees of freedom, we aim at a new dynamical system where the "local" dynamics can be isolated and solved independently from the "global" evolution. The replication procedure is very generic but not unique as it depends on how the original dynamics are split between the local and global dynamics. As an explicit example, we apply the scheme to study thermalization of the pinned harmonic chain with velocity flips. We improve on the previous results about this system by showing that after a relatively short time period the average kinetic temperature profile satisfies the dynamic Fourier's law in a local microscopic sense without assuming that the initial data is close to a local equilibrium state. The bounds derived here prove that the above thermalization period is at most of the order L^(2/3), where L denotes the number of particles in the chain. In particular, even before the diffusive time scale Fourier's law becomes a valid approximation of the evolution of the kinetic temperature profile. As a second application of the dynamic replica method, we also briefly discuss replacing the velocity flips by an anharmonic onsite potential.

Jani Lukkarinen

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

188

Sliding-mode amplitude control techniques for harmonic oscillators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates both theoretical and implementation-level aspects of switching- feedback control strategies for the development of voltage-controlled oscillators. We use a modified sliding-mode compensation scheme based on various norms of the system state to achieve amplitude control for wide-tuning range oscillators. The proposed controller provides amplitude control at minimal cost in area and power consumption. Verification of our theory is achieved with the physical realization of an amplitude controlled negative-Gm LC oscillator. A wide-tuning range RF ring oscillator is developed and simulated, showing the effectiveness of our methods for high speed oscillators. The resulting ring oscillator produces an amplitude controlled sinusoidal signal operating at frequencies ranging from 170 MHz to 2.1 GHz. Total harmonic distortion is maintained below 0:8% for an oscillation amplitude of 2 Vpp over the entire tuning range. Phase noise is measured as -105.6 dBc/Hz at 1.135 GHz with a 1 MHz offset.

Marquart, Chad A.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Time-frequency analysis and Harmonic Gaussian Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A method for time-frequency analysis is given. The approach utilizes properties of Gaussian distribution, properties of Hermite polynomials and Fourier analysis. We begin by the definitions of a set of functions called harmonic Gaussian functions. Then these functions are used to define a set of transformations,noted T_n, which associate to a function {\\psi},of the time variable t, a set of functions {\\Psi}_n which depend on time, frequency and frequency (or time) standard deviation. Some properties of the transformations T_n and the functions {\\Psi}_n are given. It is proved in particular that the square of the modulus of each function {\\Psi}_n can be interpreted as a representation of the energy distribution of the signal, represented by the function {\\psi}, in the time-frequency plane for a given value of the frequency (or time) standard deviation. It is also shown that the function {\\psi}, can be recovered from the functions{\\Psi}_n.

Tokiniaina Ranaivoson; Raoelina Andriambololona; Rakotoson Hanitriarivo

2013-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

190

Energy transport by acoustic modes of harmonic lattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the large scale evolution of a scalar lattice excitation which satisfies a discrete wave-equation in three dimensions. We assume that the dispersion relation associated to the elastic coupling constants of the wave-equation is acoustic, i.e., it has a singularity of the type |k| near the vanishing wave vector, k=0. To derive equations that describe the macroscopic energy transport we introduce the Wigner transform and change variables so that the spatial and temporal scales are of the order of epsilon. In the continuum limit, which is achieved by sending the parameter epsilon to 0, the Wigner transform disintegrates into three different limit objects: the transform of the weak limit, the H-measure and the Wigner-measure. We demonstrate that these three limit objects satisfy a set of decoupled transport equations: a wave-equation for the weak limit of the rescaled initial data, a dispersive transport equation for the regular limiting Wigner measure, and a geometric optics transport equation for the H-measure limit of the initial data concentrating to k=0. A simple consequence of our result is the complete characterization of energy transport in harmonic lattices with acoustic dispersion relations.

Lisa Harris; Jani Lukkarinen; Stefan Teufel; Florian Theil

2006-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

191

Spherical Harmonic Solutions to the 3D Kobayashi Benchmark Suite  

SciTech Connect

Spherical harmonic solutions of order 5, 9 and 21 on spatial grids containing up to 3.3 million cells are presented for the Kobayashi benchmark suite. This suite of three problems with simple geometry of pure absorber with large void region was proposed by Professor Kobayashi at an OECD/NEA meeting in 1996. Each of the three problems contains a source, a void and a shield region. Problem 1 can best be described as a box in a box problem, where a source region is surrounded by a square void region which itself is embedded in a square shield region. Problems 2 and 3 represent a shield with a void duct. Problem 2 having a straight and problem 3 a dog leg shaped duct. A pure absorber and a 50% scattering case are considered for each of the three problems. The solutions have been obtained with Ardra, a scalable, parallel neutron transport code developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The Ardra code takes advantage of a two-level parallelization strategy, which combines message passing between processing nodes and thread based parallelism amongst processors on each node. All calculations were performed on the IBM ASCI Blue-Pacific computer at LLNL.

Brown, P.N.; Chang, B.; Hanebutte, U.R.

1999-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

192

High-efficiency second-harmonic generation in doubly-resonant ?[superscript (2)] microring resonators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By directly simulating Maxwells equations via the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method, we numerically demonstrate the possibility of achieving high-efficiency second harmonic generation (SHG) in a structure ...

Bi, Zhuan-Fang

193

Frequency-tunable second-harmonic submillimeter-wave gyrotron oscillators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis reports the design and experimental demonstration of frequency-tunable submillimeter-wave gyrotrons operating in continuous wave (CW) at the second harmonic of the electron cyclotron frequency. An unprecedented ...

Sousa, Antonio C. Torrezan de (Antonio Carlos Torrezan de)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Optimal Estimation of Spherical Harmonic Components from a Sample with Spatially Nonuniform Covariance Statistics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An optimal estimation technique is presented to estimate spherical harmonic coefficients. This technique is based on the minimization of the mean square error. This optimal estimation technique consists of computing optimal weights for a given ...

Kwang-Y. Kim; Gerald R. North; Samuel S. Shen

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Systematic Review and Harmonization of Life Cycle GHG Emission Estimates for Electricity Generation Technologies (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This powerpoint presentation to be presented at the World Renewable Energy Forum on May 14, 2012, in Denver, CO, discusses systematic review and harmonization of life cycle GHG emission estimates for electricity generation technologies.

Heath, G.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

A continuous-wave second harmonic gyrotron oscillator at 460 GHz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the short pulse and CW operation of a 460 GHz gyrotron oscillator both at the fundamental (near 230 GHz) and second harmonic (near 460 GHz) of electron cyclotron resonance. During operation in a complete CW regime ...

Hornstein, Melissa K. (Melissa Kristen), 1977-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

The Harmonic Constant Datum Method: Options for Overcoming Datum Discontinuities at MixedDiurnal Tidal Transitions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The harmonic constant datum (HCD) method is a computationally efficient way of estimating tidal datums relative to mean sea level, without the need to compute long time series. However, datum discontinuities can occur between mixed and diurnal ...

Harold O. Mofjeld; Angie J. Venturato; Frank I. Gonzlez; Vasily V. Titov; Jean C. Newman

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Fast Spherical Harmonic Transform Routine FLTSS Applied to the Shallow Water Test Set  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fast spherical harmonic transform algorithm proposed by Suda and Takami is evaluated in the solutions of the shallow water equation test set defined by Williamson et al. through replacing the Legendre transforms of the NCAR spectral transform ...

Reiji Suda

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Relativistic second-harmonic generation of a laser from underdense plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high intensity laser obliquely incident on a vacuum-plasma interface produces second-harmonic radiation in the reflected component. The efficiency of second-harmonic generation increases with the angle of incidence, up to critical angle of incidence (our model is not valid beyond critical angle of incidence). The efficiency also depends on electron density, showing a maximum at {omega}{sub p}{sup 2}/{omega}{sup 2} congruent with 0.7, where {omega}{sub p} and {omega} are relativistic plasma frequency and laser frequency, respectively. The efficiency of second-harmonic generation increases sharply with laser intensity in the nonrelativistic regime and saturates at higher intensities. The intensity of the second harmonic is proportional to square of the laser intensity at low pump laser intensities and tends to proportional to laser intensity in the strong relativistic regime.

Singh, K.P.; Gupta, D.N.; Yadav, Sushila; Tripathi, V.K. [Computational Plasma Dynamics Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering, Kettering University, Flint, Michigan 48504 (United States); Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110016 (India)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Photovoltaic power converter system with a controller configured to actively compensate load harmonics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Photovoltaic power converter system including a controller configured to reduce load harmonics is provided. The system comprises a photovoltaic array and an inverter electrically coupled to the array to generate an output current for energizing a load connected to the inverter and to a mains grid supply voltage. The system further comprises a controller including a first circuit coupled to receive a load current to measure a harmonic current in the load current. The controller includes a second circuit to generate a fundamental reference drawn by the load. The controller further includes a third circuit for combining the measured harmonic current and the fundamental reference to generate a command output signal for generating the output current for energizing the load connected to the inverter. The photovoltaic system may be configured to compensate harmonic currents that may be drawn by the load.

de Rooij, Michael Andrew (Clifton Park, NY); Steigerwald, Robert Louis (Burnt Hills, NY); Delgado, Eladio Clemente (Burnt Hills, NY)

2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Program on Technology Innovation: Evaluation of a Commercial Device for Measurement of Residential Transients and Harmonics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes laboratory testing to evaluate the technical performance of the Microsurge Stetzer meter, a commercially available device for measuring electrical transients and harmonics on residential circuits. This device has been developed to measure low-level unwanted signals (higher-frequency harmonics and transients) introduced onto 50/60 Hz household mains through normal operation of appliances within the home and through other environmental signals and transients usually present on ...

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

202

Well-posed initial-boundary value problem for the harmonic Einstein equations using energy estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent work, we used pseudo-differential theory to establish conditions that the initial-boundary value problem for second order systems of wave equations be strongly well-posed in a generalized sense. The applications included the harmonic version of the Einstein equations. Here we show that these results can also be obtained via standard energy estimates, thus establishing strong well-posedness of the harmonic Einstein problem in the classical sense.

H. -O. Kreiss; O. Reula; O. Sarbach; J. Winicour

2007-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

203

First Harmonic (2f) Characterisation of Resonant Frequency and Q-Factor of Micromechanical Transducers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the response to the first harmonic component (2f) of the electrostatic force in single terminal driven electrostatic comb-drive and parallel-plate drive was used as a signal to extract device parameters, namely, the Q-factor and ... Keywords: Lorentzian curve-fitting, electrostatic drive, experimental modal analysis, first harmonic (2f), lock-in technique, resonance curve area (RCA)

V. J. Logeeswaran; F. E. H. Tay; M. L. Chan; F. S. Chau; Y. C. Liang

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

High-order-harmonic generation in gas with a flat-top laser beam  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present experimental and numerical results on high-order-harmonic generation with a flat-top laser beam. We show that a simple binary tunable phase plate, made of two concentric glass plates, can produce a flat-top profile at the focus of a Gaussian infrared beam. Both experiments and numerical calculations show that there is a scaling law between the harmonic generation efficiency and the increase of the generation volume.

Boutu, W.; Auguste, T.; Binazon, L.; Gobert, O.; Carre, B. [Service des Photons, Atomes et Molecules, CEA-Saclay, FR-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Boyko, O.; Valentin, C. [Laboratoire d'Optique Appliquee, UMR 7639 ENSTA/CNRS/Ecole Polytechnique, FR-91761 Palaiseau (France); Sola, I.; Constant, E.; Mevel, E. [Universite de Bordeaux, CEA, CNRS UMR 5107, CELIA (Centre Lasers Intenses et Applications), FR-33400 Talence (France); Balcou, Ph. [Laboratoire d'Optique Appliquee, UMR 7639 ENSTA/CNRS/Ecole Polytechnique, FR-91761 Palaiseau (France); Universite de Bordeaux, CEA, CNRS UMR 5107, CELIA (Centre Lasers Intenses et Applications), FR-33400 Talence (France); Merdji, H. [Service des Photons, Atomes et Molecules, CEA-Saclay, FR-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); PULSE Institute for Ultrafast Energy Science, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanford University, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

205

High-harmonic XUV source for time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a laser-based apparatus for visible pump/XUV probe time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (TRARPES) utilizing high-harmonic generation from a noble gas. Femtosecond temporal resolution for each selected harmonic is achieved by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator (TCM). The source has been used to obtain photoemission spectra from insulators (UO{sub 2}) and ultrafast pump/probe processes in semiconductors (GaAs).

Dakovski, Georgi L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Li, Yinwan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Durakiewicz, Tomasz [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rodriguez, George [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Harmonic mode competition in a terahertz gyrotron backward-wave oscillator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electron cyclotron maser interactions at terahertz (THz) frequencies require a high-order-mode structure to reduce the wall loss to a tolerable level. To generate THz radiation, it is also essential to employ cyclotron harmonic resonances to reduce the required magnetic field strength to a value within the capability of the superconducting magnets. However, much weaker harmonic interactions in a high-order-mode structure lead to serious mode competition problems. The current paper addresses harmonic mode competition in the gyrotron backward wave oscillator (gyro-BWO). We begin with a comparative study of the mode formation and oscillation thresholds in the gyro-BWO and gyromonotron. Differences in linear features result in far fewer 'windows' for harmonic operation of the gyro-BWO. Nonlinear consequences of these differences are examined in particle simulations of the multimode competition processes in the gyro-BWO, which shed light on the competition criteria between modes of different as well as the same cyclotron harmonic numbers. The viability of a harmonic gyro-BWO is assessed on the basis of the results obtained.

Kao, S. H.; Chiu, C. C.; Chang, P. C.; Wu, K. L.; Chu, K. R. [Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

207

Multidimensional high harmonic spectroscopy: A semi-classical perspective on measuring multielectron rearrangement upon ionization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High harmonic spectroscopy has the potential to combine attosecond temporal with sub-Angstrom spatial resolution of the early nuclear and multielectron dynamics in molecules. It involves strong field ionization of the molecule by the IR laser field followed by time-delayed recombination of the removed electron with the molecular ion. The time-delay is controlled on the attosecond time scale by the oscillation of the IR field and is mapped into the harmonic number, providing a movie of molecular dynamics between ionization and recombination. One of the challenges in the analysis of high harmonic signal stems from the fact that the complex dynamics of both ionization and recombination with their multiple observables are entangled in the harmonic signal. Disentangling this information requires multidimensional approach, capable of mapping ionization and recombination dynamics into different independent parameters. We suggest multidimensional high harmonic spectroscopy as a tool for characterizing of ionization and recombination processes separately allowing for simultaneous detection of both the ionization delays and sub-cycle ionization rates. Our method extends the capability of the two dimensional (2D) set-up suggested recently by Shafir et al on reconstructing ionization delays, while keeping the reconstruction procedure as simple as in the original proposal. The scheme is based on the optimization of the high harmonic signal in orthogonally polarized strong fundamental and relatively weak multicolour control fields.

Valeria Serbinenko; Olga Smirnova

2013-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

208

[Testing and commercialization of a cotton stalk shredder and plow]. Technical progress report, October--December 1995  

SciTech Connect

This quarterly report describes work on Task 1: Field test and sell prototype to Ellis Equipment, Ltd; Task 2: Design, build, and field test two prototypes; and Task 3: Produce and sell Pegasus to farmers. The equipment has been built to shred stalks, deeply till the soil, and prepare seedbeds for cotton plants. The equipment has been field tested in Australia and is currently being field tested in California and Arizona. Unexpected problems appeared with hard dry soils and this report describes improvements made.

Thacker, G.W.

1996-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

209

Control of high-order harmonics for attoscience using a static-electric-field pattern  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum control in high-order-harmonic generation is considered theoretically by using a spatial distribution of static electric fields along the propagation direction of the driving field. It is shown that the trajectories of the electrons during its acceleration by the laser field in the high-harmonics-generation process can be controlled by periodically distributed static electric fields, which conveniently shape the driving laser field during propagation. Applying this mechanism, a quasi-phase-matching scheme that leads to filtered enhanced high harmonics is achieved. The harmonics in the plateau region are enhanced due to periodical phase variations in the long quantum trajectories as a consequence of the faster change experienced by the intensity-dependent phase along the longer electron trajectories. This effect should be observed in all quasi-phase-matching schemes based on perturbation of the microscopic quantum phase. The richness of adding a static-electric-field spatial pattern in the interaction region suggests a general scheme for feedback loop control in high-order-harmonic generation.

Serrat, Carles [UPC-Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Colom 11, E-08222 Terrassa (Barcelona) (Spain)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

210

A comparison of microseismicity induced by gel-proppant-and water-injected hydraulic fractures, Carthage Cotton Valley gas field, East Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-precision location technique to improve the image resolution of a hydraulic fracture treatment in a tight gas sand, another thick (~ 450-600 m) interval of productive, tight-gas sands interbedded with mudstones (Dutton in the Carthage Cotton Valley gas field of east Texas. Gas is produced from multiple, low-permeability sands

211

Elucidating the solid, liquid and gaseous products from batch pyrolysis of cotton-gin trash.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cotton-gin trash (CGT) was pyrolyzed at different temperatures and reaction times using an externally-heated batch reactor. The average yields of output products (solid/char, liquid/bio-oil, and gaseous) were determined. The heating value (HV) of CGT was measured to be around 15-16 MJ kg- 1 (6500-7000 Btu lb-1). In the first set of tests, CGT was pyrolyzed at 600, 700, and 800C and at 30, 45, and 60 min reaction period. The maximum char yield of 40% by weight (wt.%) was determined at 600C and 30 min settings, however, the HV of char was low and almost similar to the HV of CGT. A maximum gas yield of 40 wt.% was measured at 800C and 60 min and the highest liquid yield of 30 wt.% was determined at 800C and 30 min. In the modified pyrolysis test, the effects of temperature (500, 600, 700, and 800C) on the product yield and other properties were investigated. The experiment was performed using the same reactor purged with nitrogen at a rate of 1000 cm3 min-1. Gas yield increased as temperature was increased while the effect was opposite on char yield. The maximum char yield of 38 wt.% was determined at 500C and 30 min. The char had the largest fraction in the energy output (70-83%) followed by gas (10-20%) and bio-oil (7- 9%). Maximum gas yield of 35 wt.% was determined at 800C. The average yield of CO, H2 and total hydrocarbons (THC) generally increased with increased temperature but CO2 production decreased. Methane, ethane, and propane dominated the THC. The bio-oil yield at 600C was the highest at about 30 wt.% among the temperature settings. The HV of bio-oil was low (2-5 MJ kg-1) due to minimal non-HC compounds and high moisture content (MC). A simple energy balance of the process was performed. The process was considered energy intensive due to the high amount of energy input (6100 kJ) while generating a maximum energy output of only 10%. After disregarding the energy used for preparation and pyrolysis, the energy losses ranged from 30-46% while the energy of the output represent between 55-70% of the input energy from CGT.

Aquino, Froilan Ludana

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Modeling of large aperture third harmonic frequency conversion of high power Nd:glass laser systems  

SciTech Connect

To provide high-energy, high-power beams at short wavelengths for inertial-confinement-fusion experiments, we routinely convert the 1.053-{mu}m output of the Nova, Nd:phosphate-glass, laser system to its third-harmonic wavelength. We describe performance and conversion efficiency modeling of the 3 {times} 3 arrays potassium-dihydrogen-phosphate crystal plates used for type II/type II phase-matched harmonic conversion of Nova 0.74-m diameter beams, and an alternate type I/type II phase-matching configuration that improves the third-harmonic conversion efficiency. These arrays provide energy conversion of up to 65% and intensity conversion to 70%. 19 refs., 11 figs.

Henesian, M.A.; Wegner, P.J.; Speck, D.R.; Bibeau, C.; Ehrlich, R.B.; Laumann, C.W.; Lawson, J.K.; Weiland, T.L.

1991-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

213

The Harmonic and Sideband Structure of the Kilohertz Quasi-Periodic Oscillations in Sco X-1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use data from the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer to search for harmonics and sidebands of the two simultaneous kilohertz quasi-periodic oscillations (kHz QPOs) in Sco X-1. We do not detect any of these harmonics or sidebands, with 95% confidence upper limits to their power between ~ 1% and ~ 10% of the power of the upper kHz QPO. The oscillations produced at these frequencies may be attenuated in a scattering corona around the neutron star. We find that upper limits to the unattenuated power of some of the strongest theoretically predicted harmonics and sidebands are as low as ~ 2% of the unattenuated power of the high-frequency QPO in Sco X-1.

Mariano Mendez; Michiel van der Klis

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

214

Watthour meter accuracy under controlled unbalanced harmonic voltage and current conditions  

SciTech Connect

This work presents the results of phase 1 of the project on the accuracy of watthour meters when subjected to closely-duplicated real-world unbalanced harmonic voltage and current conditions. Such real-world conditions involved differences in voltage and current magnitudes as well as differences in the voltage and current total harmonic distortion levels of each phase. Tests were performed on a selected sample of nine three-phase and three single-phase watthour meters. Some results showed that under a particular set of unbalanced waveforms with harmonic conditions of I{sub THD} > 80% and V{sub THD} > 2%, the percentage errors exhibited by these meters ranged from {minus}10.09% to +0.52%.

Domijan, A. Jr.; Embriz-Santander, E.; Gilani, A. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Lamer, G.; Stiles, C.; Williams, C.W. Jr. [Florida Power Corp., St. Petersburg, FL (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Dynamic Analysis of Wind Turbine Planetary Gears Using an Extended Harmonic Balance Approach: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The dynamics of wind turbine planetary gears with gravity effects are investigated using an extended harmonic balance method that extends established harmonic balance formulations to include simultaneous internal and external excitations. The extended harmonic balance method with arc-length continuation and Floquet theory is applied to a lumped-parameter planetary gear model including gravity, fluctuating mesh stiffness, bearing clearance, and nonlinear tooth contact to obtain the planetary gear dynamic response. The calculated responses compare well with time domain integrated mathematical models and experimental results. Gravity is a fundamental vibration source in wind turbine planetary gears and plays an important role in system dynamics, causing hardening effects induced by tooth wedging and bearing-raceway contacts. Bearing clearance significantly reduces the lowest resonant frequencies of translational modes. Gravity and bearing clearance together lowers the speed at which tooth wedging occurs lower than the resonant frequency.

Guo, Y.; Keller, J.; Parker, R. G.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Optimisation of An HHG-Seeded Harmonic Cascade FEL Design for the NLS Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optimization studies of an HHG-seeded harmonic cascade FEL design for the UK's proposed New Light Source (NLS) facility are presented. Three separate FELs are planned to meet the requirements for continuous coverage of the photon energy range 50-1000 eV with variable polarization, 20 fs pulse widths and good temporal coherence. The design uses an HHG seed source tuneable from 50-100 eV to provide direct FEL seeding in this range, and one or two stage harmonic cascades to reach the higher photon energies. Studies have been carried out to optimize a harmonic cascade FEL operating at 1 keV; topics investigated include modulator configuration, seed power level and ef- fects of the HHG seed structure. FEL simulations using realistic electron beam distributions are presented and tolerance to increased emittance has been considered.

Dunning, David; /Daresbury; Thompson, Neil; /Daresbury; Bartolini, Riccardo; /Oxford U., JAI; Geng, Huiping; /SLAC; Huang, Zhirong; /SLAC; McNeil, Brian; /Strathclyde U.

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

217

Nonlinear harmonic generation and devices in doubly-resonant Kerr cavities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describea theoretical analysis of the nonlinear dynamics of third-harmonic generation ($\\omega\\to3\\omega$) via Kerr ($\\chithree$) nonlinearities in a resonant cavity with resonances at both $\\omega$ and $3\\omega$. Such a doubly resonant cavity greatly reduces the required power for efficient harmonic generation, by a factor of $\\sim V/Q^2$ where $V$ is the modal volume and $Q$ is the lifetime, and can even exhibit 100% harmonic conversion efficiency at a critical input power. However, we show that it also exhibits a rich variety of nonlinear dynamics, such as multistable solutions and long-period limit cycles.We describe how to compensate for self/cross-phase modulation (which otherwise shifts the cavity frequencies out of resonance), and how to excite the different stable solutions (and especially the high-efficiency solutions) by specially modulated input pulses.

Hashemi, Hila; Joannopoulos, J D; Soljači?, Marin; Johnson, Steven G

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

High-order harmonic generation with Rydberg atoms by using an intense few-cycle pulse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate that high-order harmonic generation (HHG) with both high cutoff frequency and high conversion efficiency can be realized by using a Rydberg atom in a few-cycle laser pulse. This is because a Rydberg state has a large electron orbital radius and small binding energy; therefore an electron in the Rydberg state can be ionized easily and accelerated directly toward the core under the interaction of a few-cycle laser pulse, leading to emission of harmonic photons. In this case, the tunneling process of the electron is not involved and, hence, the conversion efficiency and the cutoff frequency of harmonic generation can be higher than that predicted by the conventional three-step model.

Zhai Zhen; Fu Panming; Wang Bingbing [Laboratory of Optical Physics, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China); Zhu Qiren [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Chen Jing [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China); Yan Zongchao [Department of Physics, University of New Brunswick, P.O. Box 4400, Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 5A3 (Canada)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

219

Application of Elliott's SU(3) model to the triaxially deformed harmonic oscillators  

SciTech Connect

We have introduced new bosons corresponding to the integral ratio of three frequencies for a harmonic oscillator potential, by means of a non-linear transformation which realizes the SU(3) group as a dynamical symmetry group, and which leaves the anisotropic harmonic oscillator Hamiltonian invariant. The classification of the single-particle levels based on this covering group predicts magic numbers depending on the deformation parameters {delta} and {gamma}. The special cases with tan {gamma} = 1/{radical}(3)({gamma} = 30 deg.) and {radical}(3)/5({gamma}{approx}19 deg.) are discussed.

Sugawara-Tanabe, Kazuko [Otsuma Women's University, Tama, Tokyo 206-8540 (Japan); Theoretical Nuclear Physics Laboratory, RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

220

A method for reducing harmonics in output voltages of a double-connected inverter  

SciTech Connect

A new method for reducing harmonics involved in output voltages of the double-connected inverter is proposed. By adding four auxiliary switching devices and an interphase transformer with secondary winding to the conventional 12-step inverter, output voltages of the proposed circuit can be almost the same waveforms as a conventional 36-step inverter. In this paper, circuit performances and output voltage waveforms are discussed, and the optimum parameters are derived. Then, effects on harmonic reductions can be clarified by theoretical and experimental results, and ratings of system components are investigated.

Masukawa, Shigeo; Iida, Shoji (Tokyo Denki Univ., Tokyo (Japan). Dept. of Electrical Engineering)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Life Cycle GHG Emissions from Conventional Natural Gas Power Generation: Systematic Review and Harmonization (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This research provides a systematic review and harmonization of the life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of electricity generated from conventionally produced natural gas. We focus on estimates of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted in the life cycle of electricity generation from conventionally produced natural gas in combustion turbines (NGCT) and combined-cycle (NGCC) systems. A process we term "harmonization" was employed to align several common system performance parameters and assumptions to better allow for cross-study comparisons, with the goal of clarifying central tendency and reducing variability in estimates of life cycle GHG emissions. This presentation summarizes preliminary results.

Heath, G.; O'Donoughue, P.; Whitaker, M.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Modeling and simulation of a single phase photovoltaic inverter and investigation of switching strategies for harmonic minimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to build an EMTDC model of a single phase photovoltaic inverter and to investigate switching strategies for harmonic minimisation. For the simulation of this model, the PSCAD/EMTDC software package was used and the waveforms ... Keywords: EMTDC model, harmonic minimization, single-phase photovoltaic inverter

St. Kourtesi; L. Ekonomou; A. Nakulas; G. P. Fotis; E. Zoulias

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

IEEE JOURNAL OF QUANTUM ELECTRONICS, VOL. 45, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2009 1465 Cerenkov-Type Second-Harmonic Generation in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE JOURNAL OF QUANTUM ELECTRONICS, VOL. 45, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2009 1465 Cerenkov-Type Second the Cerenkov-type second-harmonic gen- eration in several different two-dimensional nonlinear photonic observe either single or double Cerenkov-like second-harmonic rings. We discuss the properties

Arie, Ady

224

Impact of farm policy on cotton prices in the United States: a study of cointegrated textile prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information surrounding new United States farm policy is disseminated and processed by agricultural stake holders world wide. This information can provide the impetus for investors to trade commodities, farmers to plant, ranchers to sell livestock, and numerous other individuals to get involved in the expectation of an associated price change. New agricultural policy, therefore, is a federal government interruption in "business as usual" cycles and serves to create fluctuations in market price relationships. This thesis suggests that long-run equilibria exist and are distinguished by the farm policy present during the twenty years covered. Key words: cointegration, long-run equilibrium, Raw Fiber Equivalent cotton, AIndex, Memphis, and U.S. Ending Stocks.

Cook, Katherine Renee'

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Symposium-in-Print Interactive Effects of Ultraviolet-B Radiation and Temperature on Cotton Physiology, Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current conditions of 211 kJ m 22 day 21 of UV-B radiation and temperatures of>308C during flowering in cotton cultivated regions are projected to increase in the future. A controlled environment study was conducted in sunlit growth chambers to determine the effects of UV-B radiation and temperature on physiology, growth, development and leaf hyperspectral reflectance of cotton. Plants were grown in the growth chambers at three day/night temperatures (24/168C, 30/228C and 36/288C) and three levels of UV-B radiation (0, 7 and 14 kJ m 22 day 21) at each temperature from emergence to 79 days under optimum nutrient and water conditions. Increases in main stem node number and the node of first fruiting branch and decrease in duration to first flower bud (square) and flower were recorded with increase in temperature. Main effects of temperature and UV-B radiation were significant for net photosynthetic rates, stomatal conductance, total chlorophyll and carotenoid concentrations of uppermost, fully expanded leaves during squaring and flowering. A significant interaction between temperature and UV-B radiation was detected for total biomass and its components. The UV-B radiation of 7 kJ m 22 day 21 reduced boll yield by 68% and 97 % at 30/228C and 36/288C, respectively, compared with yield at 0 kJ m 22 day 21 and 30/228C. No bolls were produced in the three temperature treatments under 14 kJ m 22 day 21 UV-B radiation. The first-order interactions between temperature, UV-B radiation and leaf age were significant for leaf reflectance. This study suggests a growth- and process-related temperature dependence of sensitivity to UV-B radiation.

Hyperspectral Reflectance; K. Raja Reddy; Vijaya Gopal Kakani; Duli Zhao; Sailaja Koti; Wei Gao

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Effects of Oilseed Meals and Isothiocyanates (ITCS) on Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (Cotton Root Rot) and Soil Microbial Communities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The meals from many oilseed crops contain biocidal chemicals that are known to inhibit the growth and activity of several soil pathogens, though little is known concerning impacts on whole soil microbial communities. We investigated the effect of oilseed meals (SMs) from both brassicaceous plants, including mustard and camelina, as well as non-brassicaceous plants, including jatropha and flax, on P. omnivora (the casual agent of cotton root rot) in Branyon clay soil (at 1 and 5% application rates). We also investigated the effect of SMs from camelina, jatropha, flax, and wheat straw on microbial communities in Weswood loam soil. We also used four types of isothiocyanates (ITCs) including allyl, butyl, phenyl, and benzyl ITC to test their effects on P. omnivora growth on potato dextrose agar (PDA), as well as on soil microbial communities in a microcosm study. Community qPCR assays were used to evaluate relative abundances of soil microbial populations. Soil microbial community composition was determined through tag-pyrosequencing using 454 GS FLX titanium technology, targeting ITS and 16S rRNA gene regions for fungal and bacterial communities, respectively. The results showed that all tested brassicaceous and jatropha SMs were able to inhibit P. omnivora sclerotial germination and hyphal growth, with mustard SM being the most effective. Flax didn't show any inhibitory effects on sclerotial germination. All tested ITCs inhibited P. omnivora OKAlf8 hyphal growth, and the level of inhibition varied with concentration and ITC type. Total soil fungal populations were reduced by ITC addition, and microbial community compositions were changed following SM and ITC application. These changes varied according to the type of SM or ITC added. Our results indicated that SMs of several brassicaceous species as well as jatropha may have potential for reducing cotton root rot as well as some other pathogens. Different SMs releasing varied ITCs may result in differential impacts on soil microorganisms including some pathogens.

Hu, Ping

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Carbon dioxide enrichment: Data on the response of cotton to varying CO{sub 2}, irrigation, and nitrogen  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document presents results from field CO{sub 2}-enrichment experiments conducted over five consecutive growing seasons, 1983--1987. These results comprise data concerning the effects of continuous CO{sub 2} enrichment on the growth of cotton under optimal and limiting levels of water and nitrogen. Unlike many prior C0{sub 2} enrichment experiments in growth chambers or greenhouses, these studies were conducted on field-planted cotton at close to natural conditions using the open-top chamber approach. Measurements were made on a variety of crop response variables at intervals during the growing season and upon crop harvest. The initial experiment examined the effects of varying C0{sub 2} concentration only. In the following two seasons, the interactive effects of C0{sub 2} concentration and water availability were studied. In the final two seasons, the effects of the three-way interaction between C0{sub 2} concentration, water availability, and nitrogen fertility were investigated. The data comprise three types of information: identification variables (such as year, institution and situ codes, and treatment regimens), intermediate growth measurements (such as plant height, leaf area index, number of flowers, and dry weight of leaves) taken at various times during the growing season, and crop harvest results (such as lint yield, seed yield, and total aboveground dry biomass). They are available free of charge as a numeric data package (NAP) from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center. The NAP consists of this document and a magnetic tape (or a floppy diskette, upon request) containing machine-readable files. This document provides sample listings of the CO{sub 2} enrichment response data as they appear on the magnetic tape or floppy diskette and provides detailed descriptions of the design and methodology of these experiments, as well as a complete hard copy listing of all of the data in the form of a supplemental text provided as an appendix.

Sepanski, R.J. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center; Kimball, B.A.; Mauney, J.R.; La Morte, R.L.; Guinn, G.; Nakayama, F.S.; Radin, J.W.; Mitchell, S.T.; Parker, L.L.; Peresta, G.J.; Nixon, P.E. III; Savoy, B.; Harris, S.M.; MacDonald, R.; Pros, H.; Martinez, J. [Agricultural Research Service, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Lakatos, E.A. [Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ (United States). Dept. of Soil and Water Science

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Social-Psychological harmonic oscillators in the self-regulation of organizations and systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose ab initio the existence of social-psychological harmonic oscillators (SPHO) acting computationally in the minds of an intelligent audience that a self-regulated collective exploits to solve problems, resolve complex issues, or entertain ... Keywords: conservation of information, incomplete information, interdependence

William F. Lawless; Donald A. Sofge

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

A Multilevel Active Front-End Rectifier With Current Harmonic Compensation Capability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transformation. By controlling id and iq at the rectifier input side, the active and reactive power absorbed-q transformation requires a more complex hardware and software implementation. The power circuit topology-end rectifier that can absorb current harmonics generated by nonlinear loads connected to the same power

Rudnick, Hugh

230

A new spherical harmonics scheme for multi-dimensional radiation transport I. Static matter configurations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent work by McClarren and Hauck (2010) [31] suggests that the filtered spherical harmonics method represents an efficient, robust, and accurate method for radiation transport, at least in the two-dimensional (2D) case. We extend their work to the ... Keywords: Asymptotic diffusion limit, Discontinuous Galerkin, PN-method, Radiation transport

David Radice, Ernazar Abdikamalov, Luciano Rezzolla, Christian D. Ott

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Harmonic Generation at Lower Electron Energies for a Hard X-ray FEL  

SciTech Connect

There are several schemes currently being investigated to pre-bunch the electron beam and step the coherent bunching up to higher harmonics, all which require modulator sections which introduce additional energy modulation. X-ray FELs operate in a regime where the FEL parameter, {rho} is equal to or less than the effective energy spread introduced from the emittance in the electron beam. Because of this large effective energy spread, the energy modulation introduced from harmonic generation schemes would seriously degrade FEL performance. This problem can be mitigated by incorporating the harmonic generation scheme at a lower electron kinetic energy than the energy at the final undulator. This will help because the effective energy spread from emittance is reduced at lower energies, and can be further reduced by making the beam transversely large. Then the beam can be squeezed down slowly enough in the subsequent accelerator sections so that geometric debunching is mitigated. The beam size inside the dispersive chicanes and in the accelerator sections must be carefully optimized to avoid debunching, and each subharmonic modulator section must generate enough energy modulation to overcome the SASE noise without significantly increasing the gain length in the final undulator. Here we show analytical results that demonstrate the feasibility of this harmonic pre-bunching scheme.

Marksteiner, Quinn R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Spectral analysis of non-commutative harmonic oscillators: the lowest eigenvalue and no crossing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The lowest eigenvalue of non-commutative harmonic oscillators $Q$ is studied. It is shown that $Q$ can be decomposed into four self-adjoint operators, and all the eigenvalues of each operator are simple. We show that the lowest eigenvalue $E$ of $Q$ is simple. Furthermore a Jacobi matrix representation of $Q$ is given and spectrum of $Q$ is considered numerically.

Fumio Hiroshima; Itaru Sasaki

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

233

A Harmonic-Fourier Spectral Limited-Area Model with an External Wind Lateral Boundary Condition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In comparison to the Tatsumis spectral method, the harmonic-Fourier spectral method has two major advantages. 1) The semi-implicit scheme is quite efficient because the solutions of the Poisson and Helmholtz equations are readily derived. 2) The ...

Qiu-shi Chen; Le-sheng Bai; David H. Bromwich

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

High-order harmonics from bow wave caustics driven by a high-intensity laser  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a new mechanism of high-order harmonic generation during an interaction of a high-intensity laser pulse with underdense plasma. A tightly focused laser pulse creates a cavity in plasma pushing electrons aside and exciting the wake wave and the bow wave. At the joint of the cavity wall and the bow wave boundary, an annular spike of electron density is formed. This spike surrounds the cavity and moves together with the laser pulse. Collective motion of electrons in the spike driven by the laser field generates high-order harmonics. A strong localization of the electron spike, its robustness to oscillations imposed by the laser field and, consequently, its ability to produce high-order harmonics is explained by catastrophe theory. The proposed mechanism explains the experimental observations of high-order harmonics with the 9 TW J-KAREN laser (JAEA, Japan) and the 120 TW Astra Gemini laser (CLF RAL, UK) [A. S. Pirozhkov, et al., arXiv:1004.4514 (2010); A. S. Pirozhkov et al, AIP Proceedings, this volume]. The theory is corroborated by high-resolution two-and three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations.

Pirozhkov, A.S.; Kando, M.; Esirkepov, T.Zh. [Advanced Beam Technology Division, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (Japan); and others

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

235

SMI 2011: Full Paper: Interactive 3D caricature from harmonic exaggeration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A common variant of caricature relies on exaggerating characteristics of a shape that differs from a reference template, usually the distinctive traits of a human portrait. This work introduces a caricature tool that interactively emphasizes the differences ... Keywords: Caricature, GPU, Interactive, Manifold harmonics, Modeling

Thomas Lewiner; Thales Vieira; Dimas Martnez; Adelailson Peixoto; Vincius Mello; Luiz Velho

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Continuous vs. discrete models for the quantum harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Kravchuk and Meixner polynomials of discrete variable are introduced for the discrete models of the harmonic oscillator and hydrogen atom. Starting from Rodrigues formula we construct raising and lowering operators, commutation and anticommutation relations. The physical properties of discrete models are figured out through the equivalence with the continuous models obtained by limit process.

M. Lorente

2004-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

237

Fabrication of band-gap structures in planar nonlinear waveguides for second harmonic generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The work presented here deals with the design and fabrication of the linear grating on a LiNbO3 planar waveguide to obtain an efficient second harmonic generation operating in Cerenkov configuration. The lithium niobate is a nonlinear material ... Keywords: e-beam lithography, nonlinear optics

V. Foglietti; E. Cianci; D. Pezzetta; C. Sibilia; M. Marangoni; R. Osellame; R. Ramponi

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Transient and harmonic voltages associated with automated capacitor switching on distribution systems  

SciTech Connect

One of the functions proposed for distribution automation systems is automated capacitor switching to control power factor and voltage profile on feeder circuits. This is one of the functions being implemented as part of the Athens Automation and Control Experiment on the Athens Utilities Board (AUB) in Athens, Tennessee. A concern with automated capacitor switching is the increase in harmonic and transient voltages due to different capacitor configurations on the distribution system. A study was performed to evaluate the impact of the automated capacitor switching on the AUB distribution system. The study has identified problem areas, methods for determining the problem areas, and possible solutions. The substation capacitor banks were found to be the dominant factor in both the transient and harmonic responses of the distribution system. The harmonic response of the system is dominated by the parallel inductance/capacitance of the circuit comprised of the substation capacitor and equivalent source reactance at the substation. The transient analyses indicated that when the substation capacitor is energized, magnified transient voltages can occur at switched-in feeder capacitors. An evaluation of the effect of automated capacitor switching is necessary to properly design the automated capacitor switching schemes and the required arrester protection for any harmonic and/or transient overvoltage contingency.

Rizy, D.T.; Gunther, E.W.; Mc Granaghan, M.F.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Transient and harmonic voltages associated with automated capacitor switching on distribution systems  

SciTech Connect

One of the functions proposed for distribution system automation is automated capacitor switching to control power factor and voltage profile on feeder circuits. This is one of the functions being implemented as part of the Athens Automation and Control Experiment on the Athens Utilities Board (AUB) in Athens, Tennessee. A concern with automated capacitor switching is the increase in harmonic and transient voltages due to different capacitor configurations on the distribution system. A study was performed to evaluate the impact of the automated capacitor switching on the AUB distribution system. The study has identified problem areas, methods for determining the problem areas and possible solutions. The substation capacitor banks were found to be the dominant factor in both the transient and harmonic responses of the distribution system. The harmonic response of the system is dominated by the parallel inductance/capacitance of the circuit comprised of the substation capacitor and equivent source reactance at the substation. The transient analyses found that when the substation capacitor is energized, magnified transient voltages can occur at switched in feeder capacitors. An evaluation of the effect of automated capacitor switching is necessary to properly design tha automated capacitor switching schemes and the required arrester protection for any harmonic and/or transient overvoltage contingency.

Rizy, D.T.; Gunther, E.W.; McGranaghan, M.F.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Wave absorption at the second harmonic of the electron-cyclotron frequency in a tokamak plasma  

SciTech Connect

Wave absorption in the ISX-B tokamak (Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 647 (1980)) at the second harmonic (..omega.. = 2..omega../sub c/e) of the electron-cyclotron frequency is reported. Measurements of the absorption of a wave polarized in the extraordinary mode and propagating perpendicular to the toroidal magnetic field are in agreement with computations.

McDermott, F.S.; Bekefi, G.; England, A.C.; Attenberger, S.E.; Batchelor, D.B.; Edmonds, P.H.; Goldfinger, R.C.; Kindsfather, R.R.; Lazarus, E.A.; Murakami, M.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Three-halves harmonic emission from a laser filament in a plasma channel  

SciTech Connect

A self-trapped laser filament is susceptible to decay-producing radially localized Langmuir waves. A nonlinear interaction of the pump wave with the density oscillation at the Langmuir frequency gives rise to three-halves harmonic emissions. Using a basis-function expansion technique, the emitted power in the backward direction is obtained. It decreases with the increasing size of the filament.

Mishra, G.; Talukdar, I.; Tripathi, V.; Tripathi, V.K. (Indian Inst. of Tech., New Delhi (India). Dept. of Physics)

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

High conversion efficiency pumped-cavity second harmonic generation of a diode laser  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To investigate the feasibility of producing a compact, efficient blue laser source, pumped-cavity second harmonic generation of diode lasers was explored. It is desirable to have such lasers to increase optical disk storage density, for color displays and for under-the-sea green-blue optical signal transmission. Based on assumed cavity losses, a cavity was designed and numerical analysis predicted an overall conversion efficiency to the second harmonic wavelength of 76% from a 75 mW diode laser. The diode laser used in these experiments had a single longitudinal and a single transverse mode output at 860 nm. The best conversion efficiency obtained (26%) was less than optimum due to the 2.5% single-pass linear losses associated with the cavity. However, calculations based on these higher losses are in good agreement with the experimentally determined values. In additions, a factor of 1.65 increase in the second harmonic output power is anticipated by reducing the input mirror reflectivity to better impedance-match the cavity. With this relatively low second harmonic conversion, the power to light conversion is 7.8%.

Keicher, D.M.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Electricity Generation: Systematic Review and Harmonization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Published scientific literature contains many studies estimating life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of residential and utility-scale solar photovoltaics (PVs). Despite the volume of published work, variability in results hinders generalized conclusions. Most variance between studies can be attributed to differences in methods and assumptions. To clarify the published results for use in decision making and other analyses, we conduct a meta-analysis of existing studies, harmonizing key performance characteristics to produce more comparable and consistently derived results. Screening 397 life cycle assessments (LCAs) relevant to PVs yielded 13 studies on crystalline silicon (c-Si) that met minimum standards of quality, transparency, and relevance. Prior to harmonization, the median of 42 estimates of life cycle GHG emissions from those 13 LCAs was 57 grams carbon dioxide equivalent per kilowatt-hour (g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh), with an interquartile range (IQR) of 44 to 73. After harmonizing key performance characteristics, irradiation of 1,700 kilowatt-hours per square meter per year (kWh/m{sup 2}/yr); system lifetime of 30 years; module efficiency of 13.2% or 14.0%, depending on module type; and a performance ratio of 0.75 or 0.80, depending on installation, the median estimate decreased to 45 and the IQR tightened to 39 to 49. The median estimate and variability were reduced compared to published estimates mainly because of higher average assumptions for irradiation and system lifetime. For the sample of studies evaluated, harmonization effectively reduced variability, providing a clearer synopsis of the life cycle GHG emissions from c-Si PVs. The literature used in this harmonization neither covers all possible c-Si installations nor represents the distribution of deployed or manufactured c-Si PVs.

Hsu, D. D.; O'Donoughue, P.; Fthenakis, V.; Heath, G. A.; Kim, H. C.; Sawyer, P.; Choi, J. K.; Turney, D. E.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

VII Hotine-Marussi Symposium on Theoretical Geodesy, 6-10 July 2009, Rome, Italy. Performance analysis of isotropic spherical harmonic spectral windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis of isotropic spherical harmonic spectral windows B. Devaraju and N. Sneeuw Institute of Geodesy isotropic spherical harmonic spectral windows in the spa- tial domain. The parameters are devised in order to answer the following question: If an isotropic spherical harmonic window is applied in the spectral

Stuttgart, Universität

245

Modeling of Synergy Between 4th and 6th Harmonic Absorptions of Fast Waves on Injected Beams in DIII-D Tokamak  

SciTech Connect

In recent moderate to high harmonic fast wave heating and current drive experiments in DIII-D, a synergy effect was observed when the 6{sup th} harmonic 90 MHz fast wave power is applied to the plasma preheated by neutral beams and the 4{sup th} harmonic 60 MHz fast wave. In this paper, we investigate how the synergy can occur using ORBIT-RF coupled with AORSA. Preliminary simulations suggest that damping of 4{sup th} harmonic FW on beam ions accelerates them above the injection energy, which may allow significant damping of 6{sup th} harmonic FW on beam ion tails to produce synergy.

Choi, M.; Pinsker, R. I.; Chan, V. S. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States); Muscatello, C. M. [University of California-Irvine, Irvine, California, 92697 (United States); Jaeger, E. F. [XCEL Engineering Inc., Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 (United States)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

246

A feasibility study of low-order harmonics expansion applied to loading pattern search  

SciTech Connect

Despite significant progress in core loading pattern search methods over years, there still remains the issue of large computing workload and the need for improving the speed of evaluating loading pattern candidates during the search process. This paper focuses on improving the computing speed for loading pattern evaluation, rather than the method of searching for the patterns. A low order harmonics expansion method for flux distribution representation is proposed for fast LP evaluation application. The novel feature of the method is the separation of the short range local perturbation effect from the long range global tilt effect. The latter effect can be captured by low order harmonics expansion. Demonstration examples are presented to show that even for extremely large perturbations induced by fuel shuffling the proposed method can accurately calculate the flux distribution for the LP with very minimal computation. (authors)

Shaohong, Z.; Dong, L.; Tao, W. [Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ., 1954 Hua Shan Road, Shanghai, 200030 (China); Chao, Y. A. [Westinghouse Electric Company, P. O. Box 355, Pittsburgh, PA 15230-0355 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Harmonizing Global Metrics for Data Center Energy Efficiency (February 2, 2010)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Harmonizing Global Metrics for Data Center Energy Efficiency Harmonizing Global Metrics for Data Center Energy Efficiency The United States of America, European Union and Japan Reach Agreement on Guiding Principles for Data Center Energy Efficiency Metrics February 2, 2010 As business demands and energy costs for data centers rise, owners and operators have focused on the energy efficiency of the data center as a whole, frequently using energy efficiency metrics. However, the metrics are not always applied clearly and consistently at a global level. To address these inconsistencies, a group of global leaders met on February 2, 2010 to agree on data center energy efficiency measurements, metrics, and reporting conventions. Organizations represented were the U.S. Department of Energy's Save Now and Federal Energy Management Programs,

248

Investigations of Low and Moderate Harmonic Fast Wave Physics on CDX-U  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Third harmonic hydrogen cyclotron fast wave heating studies are planned in the near term on CDX-U to investigate the potential for bulk ion heating. In preparation for these studies, the available radio-frequency power in CDX-U has been increased to 0.5 MW. The operating frequency of the CDX-U radio-frequency transmitter was lowered to operate in the range of 8-10 MHz, providing access to the ion harmonic range 2* {approx} 4* in hydrogen. A similar regime is accessible for the 30 MHz radio-frequency system on the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX), at 0.6 Tesla in hydrogen. Preliminary computational studies over the plasma regimes of interest for NSTX and CDX-U indicate the possibility of strong localized absorption on bulk ion species.

J. Spaleta; R. Majeski; C.K. Phillips; R.J. Dumont; R. Kaita; V. Soukhanovskii; L. Zakharov

2003-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

249

Multiple layer optical memory system using second-harmonic-generation readout  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel optical read and write information storage system is described which comprises a radiation source such as a laser for writing and illumination, the radiation source being capable of radiating a preselected first frequency; a storage medium including at least one layer of material for receiving radiation from the radiation source and capable of being surface modified in response to said radiation source when operated in a writing mode and capable of generating a pattern of radiation of the second harmonic of the preselected frequency when illuminated by the radiation source at the preselected frequency corresponding to the surface modifications on the storage medium; and a detector to receive the pattern of second harmonic frequency generated.

Boyd, Gary T. (Woodbury, MN); Shen, Yuen-Ron (Berkeley, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Two particle correlation measurements with respect to higher harmonic event planes at PHENIX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurements of two particle azimuthal correlations in relativistic heavy ion collisions provide information of the possible interplay between hard-scattered partons and the hot-dense medium. Toward an understanding of parton-medium coupling, it is indispensable to obtain correlations where contributions from higher harmonic flow($v_n$) are rejected. It is also important to produce correlation measurements where the trigger particle is selected relative to second and third order event planes. This enables us to explore path-length dependence of parton energy loss and the influence of the medium on the jets. We present the latest PHENIX results of correlations in which contributions from higher harmonic flow have been subtracted, as well as second and third order event plane-dependent correlations in Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV.

Takahito Todoroki for the PHENIX Collaboration

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

251

Characterization and analysis of the cotton cyclopropane fatty acid synthase family and their contribution to cyclopropane fatty acid synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cyclopropane fatty acids (CPA) have been found in certain gymnosperms, Malvales, Litchi and other Sapindales. The presence of their unique strained ring structures confers physical and chemical properties characteristic of unsaturated fatty acids with the oxidative stability displayed by saturated fatty acids making them of considerable industrial interest. While cyclopropenoid fatty acids (CPE) are well-known inhibitors of fatty acid desaturation in animals, CPE can also inhibit the stearoyl-CoA desaturase and interfere with the maturation and reproduction of some insect species suggesting that in addition to their traditional role as storage lipids, CPE can contribute to the protection of plants from herbivory. Three genes encoding cyclopropane synthase homologues GhCPS1, GhCPS2 and GhCPS3 were identified in cotton. Determination of gene transcript abundance revealed differences among the expression of GhCPS1, 2 and 3 showing high, intermediate and low levels, respectively, of transcripts in roots and stems; whereas GhCPS1 and 2 are both expressed at low levels in seeds. Analyses of fatty acid composition in different tissues indicate that the expression patterns of GhCPS1 and 2 correlate with cyclic fatty acid (CFA) distribution. Deletion of the N-terminal oxidase domain lowered GhCPS's ability to produce cyclopropane fatty acid by approximately 70%. GhCPS1 and 2, but not 3 resulted in the production of cyclopropane fatty acids upon heterologous expression in yeast, tobacco BY2 cell and Arabidopsis seed. In cotton GhCPS1 and 2 gene expression correlates with the total CFA content in roots, stems and seeds. That GhCPS1 and 2 are expressed at a similar level in seed suggests both of them can be considered potential targets for gene silencing to reduce undesirable seed CPE accumulation. Because GhCPS1 is more active in yeast than the published Sterculia CPS and shows similar activity when expressed in model plant systems, it represents a strong candidate gene for CFA accumulation via heterologous expression in production plants.

Yu X. H.; Shanklin J.; Rawat, R.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Effects of Drought-Stress on Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and Host-Plant Resistance to Western Flower Thrips (Frankliniella Occidentalis Pergande)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Herbivory by Western Flower Thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis Pergande) (WFT) and drought-stress due to limited water availability are currently two major factors that can severely impact cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) production. This dissertation examines the effects of drought-stress on cotton and host-plant resistance (HPR) to WFT in laboratory conditions, and seeks to identify the physiological and morphological mechanisms that underlie drought-tolerance and HPR. A life-history systems-approach was developed that provides a new level of detail for understanding how environmental variation impacts adult female WFT. The approach was illustrated by investigating the combined effects of cotton genotype, periodic drought-stress, and prey availability on the adult female omnivorous thrips using a factorial design. Three treatment conditions were significantly different, none of which were predicted based on prevailing ecological-hypotheses. At the same time, the approach produced three novel insights about WFT life-history and reproductive strategy. The roles of negative photo-taxis and leaf biomechanical properties were investigated as potential mechanisms that influence WFT foraging-decisions on individual cotyledons. Results showed that WFT foraging-decisions could be considered adaptive, but there was limited support for either of the mechanisms investigated. The physiological responses to drought stress and drought recovery were investigated for three transgenic cotton cultivars and an untransformed wild-type (WT). At peak drought, ABA levels, stomatal area, and stomatal apertures in the transgenic isolone, AtRAV1-1 were 48% lower, 27.7%, and 16.3% smaller than WT. These results suggest that AtRAV1-1 was the most drought-tolerant and support the hypothesis that changes in stomatal morphology may have functionally contributed to drought-tolerance. Lastly, I investigated whether changes in phytohormone concentrations associated with periodic-drought stress in four cotton cultivars (three transgenic and WT) were correlated with WFT feeding, fitness and state-dependent reproductive responses (i.e., the relationship between initial weight and reproduction). Results showed that JA-Ile and JA were positively correlated with state-dependent egg viability and fecundity, respectively, and negatively correlated with total egg viability and fecundity, respectively, supporting the hypothesis that JA and JA-Ile underlie the negative effects on WFT reproduction and the associated shift to state-dependent reproduction.

Fiene, Justin 1983-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Second harmonic nano-particles for femtosecond coherent control on the nanoscale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a complete toolkit for coherent control experiments on the nano-scale. By exploiting the second harmonic emission from single (150 nm) nonlinear nano-particles, we show that ultrafast femtosecond laser pulses can be compressed and controlled in time with unprecedented spatial accuracy. The method is tested on various nano-particles of different sizes, shapes and materials, both dielectric BaTiO3, Fe(IO3)3) and metallic (Au) thus demonstrating its robustness and versatility.

Accanto, Nicol; Piatkowski, Lukasz; Castro-Lopez, Marta; Pastorelli, Francesco; Brinks, Daan; van Hulst, Niek F

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

A frequency scanning method for the identification of harmonic instabilities in HVDC systems  

SciTech Connect

A Frequency Scanning Method is introduced in the paper to obtain a more accurate frequency characteristic for identifying harmonic instability in HVdc systems. An example of the application is used to identify the resonance frequencies in the CIGRE benchmark model. The paper shows that the Benchmark model is not tuned to the resonance frequency that it was designed for. Using the scanning method, the resonance frequency of the benchmark model may be shifted to demonstrate a simulation of core-saturation type instability.

Jiang, X.; Gole, A.M. [Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Three-dimensional N=4 supersymmetry in harmonic N=3 superspace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the map of three-dimensional N=4 superfields to N=3 harmonic superspace. The left and right representations of the N=4 superconformal group are constructed on N=3 analytic superfields. These representations are convenient for the description of N=4 superconformal couplings of the Abelian gauge superfields with hypermultiplets. We analyze the N=4 invariance in the non-Abelian N=3 Yang-Mills theory.

B. M. Zupnik

2010-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

256

High harmonic attosecond pulse train amplification in a free electron laser  

SciTech Connect

It is shown using three-dimensional simulations that the temporal structure of an attosecond pulse train, such as that generated via high harmonic generation in noble gases, may be retained in a free electron laser amplifier through to saturation using a mode-locked optical klystron configuration. At wavelengths of {approx}12 nm, a train of attosecond pulses of widths {approx}300 as with peak powers in excess of 1 GW are predicted.

McNeil, B.W.; Sheehy, B.; Thompson, N.R.; Dunning, D.J.

2011-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

257

Quasi-phase matching and quantum control of high harmonic generation in waveguides using counterpropagating beams  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

All-optical quasi-phase matching (QPM) uses a train of counterpropagating pulses to enhance high-order harmonic generation (HHG) in a hollow waveguide. A pump pulse enters one end of the waveguide, and causes HHG in the waveguide. The counterpropagation pulses enter the other end of the waveguide and interact with the pump pulses to cause QPM within the waveguide, enhancing the HHG.

Zhang, Xiaoshi (Superior, CO); Lytle, Amy L. (Boulder, CO); Cohen, Oren (Boulder, CO); Kapteyn, Henry C. (Boulder, CO); Murnane, Margaret M. (Boulder, CO)

2010-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

258

Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Coal-Fired Electricity Generation: Systematic Review and Harmonization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This systematic review and harmonization of life cycle assessments (LCAs) of utility-scale coal-fired electricity generation systems focuses on reducing variability and clarifying central tendencies in estimates of life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Screening 270 references for quality LCA methods, transparency, and completeness yielded 53 that reported 164 estimates of life cycle GHG emissions. These estimates for subcritical pulverized, integrated gasification combined cycle, fluidized bed, and supercritical pulverized coal combustion technologies vary from 675 to 1,689 grams CO{sub 2}-equivalent per kilowatt-hour (g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh) (interquartile range [IQR]= 890-1,130 g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh; median = 1,001) leading to confusion over reasonable estimates of life cycle GHG emissions from coal-fired electricity generation. By adjusting published estimates to common gross system boundaries and consistent values for key operational input parameters (most importantly, combustion carbon dioxide emission factor [CEF]), the meta-analytical process called harmonization clarifies the existing literature in ways useful for decision makers and analysts by significantly reducing the variability of estimates ({approx}53% in IQR magnitude) while maintaining a nearly constant central tendency ({approx}2.2% in median). Life cycle GHG emissions of a specific power plant depend on many factors and can differ from the generic estimates generated by the harmonization approach, but the tightness of distribution of harmonized estimates across several key coal combustion technologies implies, for some purposes, first-order estimates of life cycle GHG emissions could be based on knowledge of the technology type, coal mine emissions, thermal efficiency, and CEF alone without requiring full LCAs. Areas where new research is necessary to ensure accuracy are also discussed.

Whitaker, M.; Heath, G. A.; O'Donoughue, P.; Vorum, M.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Lattice Monte Carlo calculations for unitary fermions in a harmonic trap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a lattice Monte Carlo approach developed for studying large numbers of strongly interacting nonrelativistic fermions and apply it to a dilute gas of unitary fermions confined to a harmonic trap. In place of importance sampling, our approach makes use of high statistics, an improved action, and recently proposed statistical techniques. We show how improvement of the lattice action can remove discretization and finite volume errors systematically. For N=3 unitary fermions in a box, our errors in the energy scale as the inverse lattice volume, and we reproduce a previous high-precision benchmark calculation to within our 0.3% uncertainty; as additional benchmarks we reproduce precision calculations of N=3,...,6 unitary fermions in a harmonic trap to within our {approx}1% uncertainty. We then use this action to determine the ground-state energies of up to 70 unpolarized fermions trapped in a harmonic potential on a lattice as large as 64{sup 3}x72. In contrast to variational calculations, we find evidence for persistent deviations from the thermodynamic limit for the range of N considered.

Endres, Michael G.; Kaplan, David B.; Lee, Jong-Wan; Nicholson, Amy N. [Physics Department, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Theoretical Research Division, RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Institute for Nuclear Theory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-1550 (United States)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

260

The Significance to Quantum Computing of the Classical Harmonic Nature of Energy Eigenstates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since a pure quantum system is incapable of faithfully simulating the solutions of the Schroedinger equation that actually pertains to itself, it is proposed that quantum computing technology (as opposed to cryptographic technology) not be based on pure quantum systems such as qubits but instead on physical systems which by their nature faithfully simulate the solutions of Schroedinger equations. Every Schroedinger equation is within a unitary transformation of being a set of mutually independent classical simple harmonic oscillator equations. Thus classical simple harmonic oscillators, or "chobits", are the mathematically fundamental building blocks for all Schroedinger equations. In addition, classical harmonic oscillators are, as a practical matter, far easier to deal with than any pure quantum system -- e.g., their phases and absolute amplitudes are readily physically accessible, they have little predilection for environmental decoherence, and they abound as cavity electromagnetic standing-wave modes. We study in mathematical detail the use of chobits to compute discrete quantum Fourier transforms, including gates, chobit counts, and chobit operation counts. The results suggest that thirty chobits and under a thousand chobit phase operations could generate discrete quantum Fourier transforms of a billion terms. Chobits can be technologically realized as semiconductor dynatron-type electronic oscillator circuits, which ought to be amenable to very considerable miniaturization.

Steven Kenneth Kauffmann

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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261

Nonlinear harmonic modeling of phemt devices for increased power amplifier efficiencies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a comprehensive study of how harmonic terminations can greatly increase a power amplifier's efficiency (PAE). To show this improvement, the PHEMT amplifier is biased in the low noise region of operation (L, = 20 mA, Vd, = 3 V) and operated at a frequency of 2.2 GHz. An attempt is made to generate a working model which characterizes the amplifier's performance with and without harmonic termination. Both measured and modeled data are compared in order to verify the model's performance. Once a working model is realized, the designing of an amplifier can be done by simulation without the cumbersome task of taking measurements. The measured data is obtained using an electronic load pull system which is capable of rapid data acquisition. This study shows that when harmonic termination is used, the PAE can improve in some cases by about 15 % depending upon the operating conditions of the device. This improved PA-E can result in longer operational lifetimes of devices such as cellular phones and reduce the size of these units. Longer lifetimes are extremely important especially for space applications where replacement of power supplies is very costly. Power measurements as well as relevant intermodulation distortion measurements are also done for Class A and Class B operation in order to show the advantages and disadvantages of each.

Strassner, Bernd Herbert

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

DoublingAdding Method for Delta-Four-Stream Spherical Harmonic Expansion Approximation in Radiative Transfer Parameterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Though the single-layer solutions have been found for the ?-four-stream spherical harmonic expansion method (SHM) in radiative transfer, there is lack of a corresponding doublingadding method (4SDA), which enables the calculation of radiative ...

Feng Zhang; Jiangnan Li

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Methods, systems and apparatus for approximation of peak summed fundamental and third harmonic voltages in a multi-phase machine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods, system and apparatus are provided for quickly approximating a peak summed magnitude (A) of a phase voltage (Vph) waveform in a multi-phase system that implements third harmonic injection.

Ransom, Ray M. (Big Bear City, CA); Gallegos-Lopez, Gabriel (Torrance, CA); Kinoshita, Michael H. (Redondo Beach, CA)

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

264

Electron Dynamics of Silicon Surface States: Second-Harmonic Hole Burning on Si(111)7x7  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

States: Second-Harmonic Hole Burning on Si(111) 7 7 John A.transient spectral hole burning. Spectral holes induced by atransient spectral hole burning, i.e. , the surface-speci?c

McGuire, John A.; Raschke, Markus B.; Shen, Yuen-Ron

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Power Quality Mitigation Technology Demonstration at Industrial Customer Sites: Industrial and Utility Harmonic Mitigation Guideline s and Case Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

However the restructuring of the electric power industry shakes out, the commercial/industrial customer's need for quality power will increase; and customer service will remain a key to retaining current accounts and attracting new customers. The need for demonstrating new harmonics mitigation technologies will thus be an important factor for the wire side of the business as well as for energy service companies. This report provides guidelines for implementing harmonics mitigation demonstration projects ...

2000-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

266

Filamentation-induced third-harmonic generation in air via plasma-enhanced third-order susceptibility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study, both experimentally and theoretically, the underlying physics of third-harmonic generation in air by a filamented infrared femtosecond laser pulse propagating through a thin plasma channel. It is shown that the recently observed more than two-order-of-magnitude increase of the efficiency of third-harmonic generation occurs due to the plasma-enhanced third-order susceptibility. An estimate of the effective value of this susceptibility is given.

Suntsov, S.; Abdollahpour, D.; Tzortzakis, S. [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas, 71110, Heraklion (Greece); Papazoglou, D. G. [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas, 71110, Heraklion (Greece); Materials Science and Technology Department, University of Crete, 71003, Heraklion (Greece)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

267

Opportunities for regional harmonization of appliance standards and l abeling program  

SciTech Connect

The South Asian Regional Initiative for Energy (SARI/Energy) calls for a series of activities to promote Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling (EES&L) of end use appliances in the region. In pursuit of this goal, the project supports several seminars and meetings that bring together policymakers and stakeholders from throughout the region. The purpose of these gatherings is to encourage a dialogue among participants as to the benefits and barriers associated with EES&L programs. In addition, it is the role of the program organizers to provide participants with the technical details necessary to make progress towards effective efficiency programs. One component of the initiative is to encourage the harmonization (alignment) of existing program components, and the pursuit of new programs coordinated at the regional level. In support of this goal, the report provides information aimed at motivating and enabling cooperative activities which will provide concrete benefits to programs in each country, whether well developed, or still in the initial planning stage. It should be emphasized that the underlying objective of the harmonization component of the SARI/Energy project is to increase the potential for success of EES&L programs of all countries involved, and to reduce burdens on manufacturers, exporters and importers in each country. Harmonization ''for it's own sake'' is not desirable, nor is it suggested that policymakers should bring their programs in line with international norms if doing so would present a disadvantage to their own efficiency programs, or to commercial interests within their country. If there is no such disadvantage, however, the program encourages alignment of policies and provides a forum at which this alignment can be pursued. The report covers several main topics, with varying emphasis. First, a general discussion of the motivation for an explicit policy of regional harmonization is given. Next, the current status of existing programs in the region are discussed in some detail. The section that follows covers the harmonization of efficiency test procedures. Special attention is given to this component of an EES&L program because it is the most critical element in terms of harmonization--having incompatible test procedures between trade partners can greatly impact the effectiveness of a program, and it can also unduly impact trade. Currently, policymakers in India and Sri Lanka are collaborating with the goal of aligning refrigerator test procedures used in their respective programs. For this reason, the section on test procedures of refrigerators goes into a significant amount of technical detail, in order to provide the clearest possible articulation of issues to be resolved in bringing the procedures into alignment. Following the discussion of test procedures, the report contains a section each on harmonization of efficiency rating levels, development of label designs, and enforcement issues. The report is organized such that the sections covering current programs and test procedures are subdivided by target appliance. These sections are further divided by country, where applicable. Each section is concluded with recommendations.

McNeil, Michael A.

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

iHarmonizer: improving the disk efficiency of I/O-intensive multithreaded codes  

SciTech Connect

Challenged by serious power and thermal constraints, and limited by available instruction-level parallelism, processor designs have evolved to multi-core architectures. These architectures, many augmented with native simultaneous multithreading, are driving software developers to use multithreaded programs to exploit thread-level parallelism. While multithreading is well-known to introduce concerns of data dependency and CPU load balance, less known is that the uncertainty of relative progress of thread execution can cause patterns of I/O requests, issued by different threads, to be effectively random and so significantly degrade hard-disk efficiency. This effect can severely offset the performance gains from parallel execution, especially for I/O-intensive programs. Retaining the benefits of multithreading while not reducing I/O efficiency is an urgent and challenging problem. We propose a user-level scheme, iHarmonizer, to streamline the servicing of I/O requests from multiple threads in OpenMP programs. Specifically, we use the compiler to insert code into OpenMP programs so that data usage can be transmitted at run time to a supporting run-time library; this library in turn prefetches data in a disk-friendly way and coordinates threads execution according to the availability of their requested data. Transparently to the programmer, iHarmonizer makes a multithreaded program I/O efficient while maintaining the benefits of parallelism. Our experiments show that iHarmonizer can significantly speed up the execution of a representative set of I/O-intensive scientific benchmarks.

Davis, Marion Kei [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wang, Yizhe [WAYNE STATE UNIV.; Jiang, Song [WAYNE STATE UNIV.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Study of second harmonic generation by high power laser beam in magneto plasma  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the problem of nonlinear generation of second harmonic of a high power laser pulse propagating in magnetized plasma. The propagation of strong laser beam is proposed in the direction perpendicular to a relatively weak static magnetic field. The laser pulse is taken to be linearly polarized, with the orientation of its electric field that corresponds to an ordinary electromagnetic wave. Besides the standard ponderomotive nonlinearity, the appropriate wave equation also contains the nonlinearity that arises from the relativistic electron jitter velocities. During its propagation, the laser beam gets filamented on account of relativistic and pondermotive nonlinearities present in the plasma. The generated plasma wave gets coupled into the filamentary structures of the pump beam. Due to the expected presence of the beam filamentation, the work has been carried out by considering modified paraxial approximation (i.e., beyond the standard paraxial approximation of a very broad beam). It is found that the power of the plasma wave is significantly affected by the magnetic field strength in the presence of both relativistic and pondermotive nonlinearities. It is investigated that the second harmonic generation is also considerably modified by altering the strength of magnetic field. To see the effect of static magnetic field on the harmonic generation, a key parameter, i.e., the ratio of the cyclotron frequency {omega}{sub c}=eB{sub 0}/mc over the laser frequency {omega}{sub 0} has been used, where c is the velocity of light, m and e are the mass and charge of the electron and B{sub 0} is the externally applied magnetic field.

Sharma, Prerana [Ujjain Engineering College, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh 465010 (India); Sharma, R. P. [Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110016 (India)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Nuclear Electricity Generation: Systematic Review and Harmonization  

SciTech Connect

A systematic review and harmonization of life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of nuclear electricity generation technologies was performed to determine causes of and, where possible, reduce variability in estimates of life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to clarify the state of knowledge and inform decision making. LCA literature indicates that life cycle GHG emissions from nuclear power are a fraction of traditional fossil sources, but the conditions and assumptions under which nuclear power are deployed can have a significant impact on the magnitude of life cycle GHG emissions relative to renewable technologies. Screening 274 references yielded 27 that reported 99 independent estimates of life cycle GHG emissions from light water reactors (LWRs). The published median, interquartile range (IQR), and range for the pool of LWR life cycle GHG emission estimates were 13, 23, and 220 grams of carbon dioxide equivalent per kilowatt-hour (g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh), respectively. After harmonizing methods to use consistent gross system boundaries and values for several important system parameters, the same statistics were 12, 17, and 110 g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh, respectively. Harmonization (especially of performance characteristics) clarifies the estimation of central tendency and variability. To explain the remaining variability, several additional, highly influential consequential factors were examined using other methods. These factors included the primary source energy mix, uranium ore grade, and the selected LCA method. For example, a scenario analysis of future global nuclear development examined the effects of a decreasing global uranium market-average ore grade on life cycle GHG emissions. Depending on conditions, median life cycle GHG emissions could be 9 to 110 g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh by 2050.

Warner, E. S.; Heath, G. A.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Method and apparatus for reducing the harmonic currents in alternating-current distribution networks  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved apparatus and method reduce the harmonic content of AC line and neutral line currents in polyphase AC source distribution networks. The apparatus and method employ a polyphase Zig-Zag transformer connected between the AC source distribution network and a load. The apparatus and method also employs a mechanism for increasing the source neutral impedance of the AC source distribution network. This mechanism can consist of a choke installed in the neutral line between the AC source and the Zig-Zag transformer.

Beverly, Leon H. (Lockport, IL); Hance, Richard D. (Elburn, IL); Kristalinski, Alexandr L. (Naperville, IL); Visser, Age T. (Geneva, IL)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Method and apparatus for reducing the harmonic currents in alternating-current distribution networks  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved apparatus and method reduce the harmonic content of AC line and neutral line currents in polyphase AC source distribution networks. The apparatus and method employ a polyphase Zig-Zag transformer connected between the AC source distribution network and a load. The apparatus and method also employs a mechanism for increasing the source neutral impedance of the AC source distribution network. This mechanism can consist of a choke installed in the neutral line between the AC source and the Zig-Zag transformer. 23 figs.

Beverly, L.H.; Hance, R.D.; Kristalinski, A.L.; Visser, A.T.

1996-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

273

Chaos, ergodic convergence, and fractal instability for a thermostated canonical harmonic oscillator  

SciTech Connect

The authors thermostat a qp harmonic oscillator using the two additional control variables {zeta} and {xi} to simulate Gibbs' canonical distribution. In contrast to the motion of purely Hamiltonian systems, the thermostated oscillator motion is completely ergodic, covering the full four-dimensional {l_brace}q,p,{zeta},{xi}{r_brace} phase space. The local Lyapunov spectrum (instantaneous growth rates of a comoving corotating phase-space hypersphere) exhibits singularities like those found earlier for Hamiltonian chaos, reinforcing the notion that chaos requires kinetic -- as opposed to statistical -- study, both at and away from equilibrium. The exponent singularities appear to have a fractal character.

Hoover, Wm. G.; Hoover, Carol G.; Isbister, Dennis J.

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Common Information Model (CIM)-MultiSpeak Harmonization 2nd Edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The CIMMultiSpeak harmonization effort sought to identify the degree of correlation that exists between the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Common Information Model (CIM), which is based on IEC standards 61968, 61970, and 62325, and the MultiSpeak v4.1.5 standard for electric system interoperability. The initial effort focused on mapping attributes from the IEC 61968-9 profiles to equivalent profiles that were created for MultiSpeak v4.1.5. A proof-of-concept interoperability ...

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

275

Condensation of two-dimensional harmonically confined bosons with Bessel-type interactions  

SciTech Connect

We study the ground-state configurations of few interacting bosons confined in two dimensions by anisotropic harmonic potentials. By means of variational calculations, including correlation effects, we show that the arrangement of bosons strongly depends on the strength of the repulsive interaction and the anisotropy of the confinement. We compute the condensate fraction of the system and found that by increasing the anisotropy of the potential a weaker interaction suffices to destroy the condensate and favors the emergence of a crystal-like structure.

Mese, A. I.; Aktas, S.; Okan, S. E. [Department of Physics, Trakya University, 22030 Edirne (Turkey); Capuzzi, P. [Instituto de Fisica de Buenos Aires, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas (Argentina); Departamento de Fisica, FCEyN, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Akdeniz, Z. [Piri Reis University, 34940 Tuzla, Istanbul (Turkey)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

276

Unified Representation of Quantum Mechanics on One-dimensional Harmonic Oscillator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A quantum state corresponds to a specific wave function. We adopt a new mathematical method [1] to improve Dirac's ladder operator method. A set of orthonormal wave functions will be used to associate the operator with the square matrix corresponding to it. These allow us to determine the matrix elements by using the operator relations without having to know the specific wave functions. As a result, we can get the direct results of matrix mechanics and wave mechanics on one-dimensional Harmonic oscillator and their descriptions will be also unified.

Yongqin Wang

2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

277

Power frequency communication on long feeders and high levels of harmonic distortion  

SciTech Connect

TWACS is a unique Power Frequency Communication (PFC) technology. The power voltage is modulated at the substation bus for outbound communication and inbound communication from a remote transponder is accomplished by drawing precisely controlled current pulses which are detectable at the distribution substation. The propagation characteristics of the TWACS signal and the frequency characteristics of the signal detector make it possible to communicate over very long distribution feeders and provide a high degree of immunity against harmonic distortions of the power system voltage and current.

Mak, S.T.; Maginnis, R.L. [Distribution Control Systems, Inc., Hazelwood, MO (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Interbasis expansions for the isotropic 3D harmonic oscillator and bivariate Krawtchouk polynomials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An explicit expression for the general bivariate Krawtchouk polynomials is obtained in terms of the standard Krawtchouk and dual Hahn polynomials. The bivariate Krawtchouk polynomials occur as matrix elements of the unitary reducible representations of SO(3) on the energy eigenspaces of the 3-dimensional isotropic harmonic oscillator and the explicit formula is obtained from the decomposition of these representations into their irreducible components. The decomposition entails expanding the Cartesian basis states in the spherical bases that span irreducible SO(3) representations. The overlap coefficients are obtained from the Clebsch-Gordan problem for the su(1,1) Lie algebra.

Vincent X. Genest; Luc Vinet; Alexei Zhedanov

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

279

Program on Technology Innovation: Evaluation of a Commercially Available Harmonic Filter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emissions tests were conducted to analyze common and differential noise, harmonics, and current draw characteristics in the electrical systems of a typical household. A test setup was constructed to simulate the circuits of this typical household in order to determine how the STETZERiZER Filters might affect the electric currents and voltages these circuits. Testing was performed in a frequency range of 3 kHz - 150 kHz to measure the effect of these filters on power draw and power quality, as ...

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

280

Calculation of HVDC-converter harmonics in frequency domain with regard to asymmetries and comparison with time domain simulations  

SciTech Connect

In order to study the effects of large HVDC converters to the feeding ac networks, it is of importance to explain and to calculate harmonic phenomena which are a result of converter operation. During commissioning of real HVDC converters it could be seen, that harmonics resulting from unsymmetries in the system voltages or from unsymmetries in converter operation led to significant difficulties concerning the system design. For this reason, not only the effects of characteristic but also the effects of noncharacteristic converter harmonics must be taken into account. The aim is to describe the steady state harmonic behavior of the converter. The harmonic spectra are not determined by time domain analysis but instead the solution is found by frequency domain calculations. This can result in reduced calculation time in comparison to conventional fourier analysis of the time functions. The converter is interpreted as an amplitude modulator with voltage and current converter functions which describe the coupling of the dc circuit and the ac network through the converter. To verify the theory, comparison of frequency domain with time domain calculations were carried out.

Rittiger, J. [Siemens AG, Erlangen (Germany); Kulicke, B. [Technische Univ. Berlin (Germany)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

PARAID: The Gear-Shifting Power-Aware RAID Charles Weddle, Mathew Oldham, Jin Qian, An-I Andy Wang, Florida State University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

source of power usage. In web servers, disks typically accounts for 24% of the power usage; in proxy servers, 77% [4, 13]. Storage devices can account for as much as 27% of the electricity cost in a typical cooling requirements [18]. The combined effect also limits the density of computer racks. The lower

Wang, Andy

282

A Proof-of-Principle Echo-enabled Harmonic Generation Free Electron Laser Experiment at SLAC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the advent of X-ray Free Electron Lasers (FELs), new methods have been developed to extend capabilities at short wavelengths beyond Self-Amplified Spontaneous Emission (SASE). In particular, seeding of a FEL allows for temporal control of the radiation pulse and increases the peak brightness by orders of magnitude. Most recently, Gennady Stupakov and colleagues at SLAC proposed a new technique: Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation (EEHG). Here a laser microbunches the beam in an undulator and the beam is sheared in a chicane. This process is repeated with a second laser, undulator and chicane. The interplay between these allows a seeding of the X-ray laser up to the 100th harmonic of the first laser. After introducing the physics of FELs and the EEHG seeding technique, we describe contributions to the experimental effort. We will present detailed studies of the experiment including the choice of parameters and their optimization, the emittance effect, spontaneous emission in the undulators, the second laser phase effect, and measurements of the jitter between RF stations. Finally, the status and preliminary results of the Echo-7 experiment will be outlined.

Pernet, Pierre-Louis; /Ecole Polytechnique, Lausanne /SLAC

2012-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

283

The phase diagram of ice Ih, II, and III: a quasi-harmonic study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phase diagram of ice Ih, II, and III is studied by a quasi-harmonic approximation. The results of this approach are compared to phase diagrams previously derived by thermodynamic integration using path integral and classical simulations, as well as to experimental data. The studied models are based on both flexible (q-TIP4P/F) and rigid (TIP4P/2005, TIP4PQ/2005) descriptions of the water molecule. Many aspects of the simulated phase diagrams are reasonably reproduced by the quasi-harmonic approximation. Advantages of this simple approach are that it is free from the statistical errors inherent to computer simulations, both classical and quantum limits are easily accessible, and the error of the approximation is expected to decrease in the zero temperature limit. We find that the calculated phase diagram of ice Ih, II, and III depends strongly on the hydrogen disorder of ice III, at least for cell sizes typically used in phase coexistence simulations. Either ice II (in the classical limit) or ice III (in t...

Ramirez, R; Herrero, C P; 10.1063/1.4757064

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Inter- and Intra-Observer Variability in Prostate Definition With Tissue Harmonic and Brightness Mode Imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: The objective of this study was to compare the relative utility of tissue harmonic (H) and brightness (B) transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) images of the prostate by studying interobserver and intraobserver variation in prostate delineation. Methods and Materials: Ten patients with early-stage disease were randomly selected. TRUS images of prostates were acquired using B and H modes. The prostates on all images were contoured by an experienced radiation oncologist (RO) and five equally trained observers. The observers were blinded to information regarding patient and imaging mode. The volumes of prostate glands and areas of midgland slices were calculated. Volumes contoured were compared among the observers and between observer group and RO. Contours on one patient were repeated five times by four observers to evaluate the intraobserver variability. Results: A one-sample Student t-test showed the volumes outlined by five observers are in agreement (p > 0.05) with the RO. Paired Student t-test showed prostate volumes (p = 0.008) and midgland areas (p = 0.006) with H mode were significantly smaller than that with B mode. Two-factor analysis of variances showed significant interobserver variability (p =}35 cc), B mode provided more consistent estimates. Conclusions: H mode provided superior inter- and intraobserver agreement in prostate volume definition for small to medium prostates. In large glands, H mode does not exhibit any additional advantage. Although harmonic imaging has not proven advantageous for all cases, its utilization seems to be judicious for small prostates.

Sandhu, Gurpreet Kaur, E-mail: Gurpreet.Sandhu2@albertahealthservices.ca [Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Dunscombe, Peter [Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Meyer, Tyler [Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Pavamani, Simon [Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, Christian Medical College, Vellore (India); Khan, Rao [Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

$?(\\hat{x},\\hat{p})-$deformation of the harmonic oscillator in a $2D-$phase space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work addresses a ${\\theta}(\\hat{x},\\hat{p})-$deformation of the harmonic oscillator in a $2D-$phase space. Specifically, it concerns a quantum mechanics of the harmonic oscillator based on a noncanonical commutation relation depending on the phase space coordinates. A reformulation of this deformation is considered in terms of a $q-$deformation allowing to easily deduce the energy spectrum of the induced deformed harmonic oscillator. Then, it is proved that the deformed position and momentum operators admit a one-parameter family of self-adjoint extensions. These operators engender new families of deformed Hermite polynomials generalizing usual $q-$ Hermite polynomials. Relevant matrix elements are computed. Finally, a $su(2)-$algebra representation of the considered deformation is investigated and discussed.

M. N. Hounkonnou; D. Ousmane Samary; E. Baloitcha; S. Arjika

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Evaluation of water production in tight gas sands in the Cotton Valley formation in the Caspiana, Elm Grove and Frierson fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Normally in tight gas sands, water production is not a problem but in such low permeability reservoirs it is difficult to produce gas at commercial flow rates. Since water is more viscous than gas, very little water is normally produced in low permeability reservoirs. The production of large volumes of water from tight gas sands, say 50-100 bbls of water per MMcf of gas constitutes a cause for concern. High water production (>200 bbls of water per MMcf of gas) has been observed in the low permeability Cotton Valley sands in the Caspiana, Elm Grove and Frierson fields of North Louisiana. This research evaluates water production in the above tight gas sands using field data provided by Matador Resource, a member of the Crisman Institute in Texas A&M university. The research is aimed at providing realistic reservoir scenarios of excess water production in tight gas sands. Log analysis, property trends and well production profiles have been used in establishing the different scenarios. The reservoir simulation results and the production trends show a possible water source from faults and fractures connecting the Travis Peak/Smackover sands to the Cotton Valley sands. An improved understanding of the reservoir would help in further field development.

Ozobeme, Charles Chinedu

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Trough and Tower Concentrating Solar Power Electricity Generation: Systematic Review and Harmonization  

SciTech Connect

In reviewing life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of utility-scale concentrating solar power (CSP) systems, this analysis focuses on reducing variability and clarifying the central tendency of published estimates of life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through a meta-analytical process called harmonization. From 125 references reviewed, 10 produced 36 independent GHG emissions estimates passing screens for quality and relevance: 19 for parabolic trough (trough) technology and 17 for power tower (tower) technology. The interquartile range (IQR) of published estimates for troughs and towers were 83 and 20 grams of carbon dioxide equivalent per kilowatt-hour (g CO2-eq/kWh),1 respectively; median estimates were 26 and 38 g CO2-eq/kWh for trough and tower, respectively. Two levels of harmonization were applied. Light harmonization reduced variability in published estimates by using consistent values for key parameters pertaining to plant design and performance. The IQR and median were reduced by 87% and 17%, respectively, for troughs. For towers, the IQR and median decreased by 33% and 38%, respectively. Next, five trough LCAs reporting detailed life cycle inventories were identified. The variability and central tendency of their estimates are reduced by 91% and 81%, respectively, after light harmonization. By harmonizing these five estimates to consistent values for global warming intensities of materials and expanding system boundaries to consistently include electricity and auxiliary natural gas combustion, variability is reduced by an additional 32% while central tendency increases by 8%. These harmonized values provide useful starting points for policy makers in evaluating life cycle GHG emissions from CSP projects without the requirement to conduct a full LCA for each new project.

Burkhardt, J. J.; Heath, G.; Cohen, E.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Universal and deterministic manipulation of the quantum state of harmonic oscillators: a route to unitary gates for Fock State qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a simple quantum circuit that allows for the universal and deterministic manipulation of the quantum state of confined harmonic oscillators. The scheme is based on the selective interactions of the referred oscillator with an auxiliary three-level system and a classical external driving source, and enables any unitary operations on Fock states, two-by-two. One circuit is equivalent to a single qubit unitary logical gate on Fock states qubits. Sequences of similar protocols allow for complete, deterministic and state-independent manipulation of the harmonic oscillator quantum state.

Marcelo Franca Santos

2004-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

289

Mitigation of Voltage and Current Harmonics in Grid-Connected Microgrids Savaghebi, Mehdi; Guerro, Josep M.; Jalilian, Alireza ; Quintero, Juan Carlos Vasquez  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mitigation of Voltage and Current Harmonics in Grid-Connected Microgrids Savaghebi, Mehdi; Guerro-Connected Microgrids. In Proceedings of the 21st IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE), 2012;Mitigation of Voltage and Current Harmonics in Grid-Connected Microgrids Mehdi Savaghebi1 , Josep M. Guerrero

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

290

The Simple Harmonic Rotor with Motion Hinged By of a Helicopter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Summary.--In simple harmonic oscillation of the helicopter with hinged blades, the tip-path plane is tilted with respect to the shaft in the plane of oscillation and in the plane perpendicular to it. The angles of tilt can be expressed as functions of angular velocity and acceleration. The influence ' of the acceleration term on the dynamic stability of the helicopter is small. The expressions for angles of tilt due to angular velocity can be simplified to the expressions obtained in previous work under assumptions of quasi-static conditions. 1. I~troductio~.--It has been shown in Ref. 1 that when the rotor shaft of a helicopter tilts with constant pitching velocity, the tip-path plane lags behind the shaft and also tilts Sideways. These angles of lag and sidetilt were found to be proportional to the pitching velocity of the shaft and the following expressions were derived: Oal _. Of yD............. (1)

J. K. Zbrozek; Dipl. Eng; J. K. Zbxoze

1949-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Three attractively interacting fermions in a harmonic trap: Exact solution, ferromagnetism, and high-temperature thermodynamics  

SciTech Connect

Three fermions with strongly repulsive interactions in a spherical harmonic trap constitute the simplest nontrivial system that can exhibit the onset of itinerant ferromagnetism. Here, we present exact solutions for three trapped, attractively interacting fermions near a Feshbach resonance. We analyze energy levels on the upper branch of the resonance where the atomic interaction is effectively repulsive. When the s-wave scattering length a is sufficiently positive, three fully polarized fermions are energetically stable against a single spin-flip, indicating the possibility of itinerant ferromagnetism, as inferred in the recent experiment. We also investigate the high-temperature thermodynamics of a strongly repulsive or attractive Fermi gas using a quantum virial expansion. The second and third virial coefficients are calculated. The resulting equations of state can be tested in future quantitative experimental measurements at high temperatures and can provide a useful benchmark for quantum Monte Carlo simulations.

Liu Xiaji; Hu Hui; Drummond, Peter D. [ARC Centre of Excellence for Quantum-Atom Optics, Centre for Atom Optics and Ultrafast Spectroscopy, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne 3122 (Australia)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

292

Electro-optic harmonic conversion to switch a laser beam out of a cavity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to switching laser beams out of laser cavities, and more particularly, it relates to the use of generating harmonics of the laser beam to accomplish the switching. When laser light is generatd in a laser cavity the problem arises of how to switch the laser light out of the cavity in order to make use of the resulting laser beam in a well known multitude of ways. These uses include range finding, communication, remote sensing, medical surgery, laser fusion applications and many more. The switch-out problem becomes more difficult as the size of the laser aperture grows such as in laser fusion applications. The final amplifier stages of the Nova and Novette lasers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory are 46 centimeters with the laser beam expanded to 74 centimeters thereafter. Larger aperture lasers are planned.

Haas, R.A.; Henesian, M.A.

1984-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

293

Analytical transformed harmonic oscillator basis for continuum discretized coupled channels calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method for continuum discretization in continuum-discretized coupled-channels calculations is proposed. The method is based on an analytic local-scale transformation of the harmonic-oscillator wave functions proposed for other purposes in a recent work [Karatagladis et al., Phys. Rev. C 71, 064601 (2005)]. The new approach is compared with the standard method of continuum discretization in terms of energy bins for the reactions d+{sup 58}Ni at 80 MeV, {sup 6}Li+{sup 40}Ca at 156 MeV, and {sup 6}He+{sup 208}Pb at 22 MeV and 240 MeV/nucleon. In all cases very good agreement between both approaches is found.

Moro, A. M.; Arias, J. M. [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Facultad de Fisica, Universidad de Sevilla, Apartado 1065, E-41080 Sevilla (Spain); Gomez-Camacho, J. [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Facultad de Fisica, Universidad de Sevilla, Apartado 1065, E-41080 Sevilla (Spain); Centro Nacional de Aceleradores, Avda Thomas A. Edison, E-41092 Sevilla (Spain); Perez-Bernal, F. [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, Universidad de Huelva, E-21071 Huelva (Spain)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

Dynamics and decoherence of two cold bosons in a one-dimensional harmonic trap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study dynamics of two interacting ultracold Bose atoms in a harmonic oscillator potential in one spatial dimension. Making use of the exact solution of the eigenvalue problem of a particle in the {delta}-like potential, we study the time evolution of an initially separable state of two particles. The corresponding time-dependent single-particle density matrix is obtained and diagonalized, and single-particle orbitals are found. This allows us to study decoherence as well as creation of entanglement during the dynamics. The evolution of the orbital corresponding to the largest eigenvalue is then compared to the evolution according to the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. We show that if initially the center of mass and relative degrees of freedom are entangled, then the Gross-Pitaevskii equation fails to reproduce the exact dynamics and entanglement is produced dynamically. We stress that predictions of our study can be verified experimentally in an optical lattice in the low-tunneling limit.

Sowinski, Tomasz [Instytut Fizyki PAN, Al. Lotnikow 32/46, PL-02-668 Warszawa (Poland); Wydzial Biologii i Nauk o Srodowisku UKSW, ul. Woycickiego 1/3, PL-01-938 Warszawa (Poland); Brewczyk, Miroslaw [Wydzial Fizyki, Uniwersytet w Bialymstoku, ul. Lipowa 41, PL-15-424 Bialystok (Poland); Gajda, Mariusz [Instytut Fizyki PAN, Al. Lotnikow 32/46, PL-02-668 Warszawa (Poland); Wydzial Matematyczno-Przyrodniczy SNS UKSW, Al. Lotnikow 32/46, PL-02-668 Warszawa (Poland); RzaPzewski, Kazimierz [Wydzial Matematyczno-Przyrodniczy SNS UKSW, Al. Lotnikow 32/46, PL-02-668 Warszawa (Poland); Centrum Fizyki Teoretycznej PAN, Al. Lotnikow 32/46, PL-02-668 Warszawa (Poland)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

295

Coupling interaction between the power coupler and the third harmonic superconducting cavity  

SciTech Connect

Fermilab has developed a third harmonic superconducting cavity operating at the frequency of 3.9 GHz to improve the beam performance for the FLASH user facility at DESY. It is interesting to investigate the coupling interaction between the SRF cavity and the power coupler with or without beam loading. The coupling of the power coupler to the cavity needs to be determined to minimize the power consumption and guarantee the best performance for a given beam current. In this paper, we build and analyze an equivalent circuit model containing a series of lumped elements to represent the resonant system. An analytic solution of the required power from the generator as a function of the system parameters has also been given based on a vector diagram.

Li, Jianjian; Solyak, Nikolay; /Fermilab; Wong, Thomas; /IIT, Chicago

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Regional Modelling of the Southern African Geomagnetic Field using Harmonic Splines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the southern African region the geomagnetic field is weak and changes rapidly. For this area series of geomagnetic field measurements exist since the 1950s. We take advantage of the existing repeat station surveys and observatory annual means, and clean these data sets by eliminating jumps and minimising external field contributions in the original time series. This unique data set allows us to obtain a detailed view of the geomagnetic field behaviour in space and time by computing a regional model. For this, we use a system of representation similar to harmonic splines. Initially, the technique is systematically tested on synthetic data. After systematically testing the method on synthetic data, we derive a model for 1961 to 2001 that gives a detailed view of the fast changes of the geomagnetic field in this region.

Geese, Anne; Lesur, Vincent; Mandea, Mioara

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Investigation of Ion Absorption of the High Harmonic Fast Wave in NSTX using HPRT  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Understanding high harmonic fast wave (HHFW) power absorption by ions in a spherical torus (ST) is of critical importance to assessing the wave's viability as a means of heating and especially driving current. In this work, the HPRT code is used to calculate absorption for helium and deuterium, with and without minority hydrogen in National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) plasmas using experimental EFIT code equilibria and kinetic profiles. HPRT is a two-dimensional ray-tracing code which uses the full hot plasma dielectric to compute the perpendicular wave number along the hot electron and cold ion plasma ray path. Ion and electron absorption dependence on antenna phasing, ion temperature, beta (subscript t), and minority temperature and concentration is analyzed. These results form the basis for comparisons with other codes, such as CURRAY, METS, TORIC, and AORSA.

Rosenberg, A.; Menard, J.E.; and LeBlanc, B.P.

2001-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

298

Numerical Verification of Bounce Harmonic Resonances in Neoclassical Toroidal Viscosity for Tokamaks  

SciTech Connect

This Letter presents the rst numerical veri cation for the bounce-harmonic (BH) resonance phenomena of the neoclassical transport in a tokamak perturbed by non-axisymmetric magnetic elds. The BH resonances were predicted by analytic theories of neoclassical toroidal viscosity (NTV), as the parallel and perpendicular drift motions can be resonant and result in a great enhancement of the radial momentum transport. A new drift-kinetic #14;f guiding-center particle code, POCA, clearly veri ed that the perpendicular drift motions can reduce the transport by phase-mixing, but in the BH resonances the motions can form closed orbits and particles radially drift out fast. The POCA calculations on resulting NTV torque are largely consistent with analytic calculations, and show that the BH resonances can easily dominate the NTV torque when a plasma rotates in the perturbed tokamak and therefore is a critical physics for predicting the rotation and stability in ITER. __________________________________________________

Kimin Kim, Jong-Kyu Park and Allen H. Boozer

2013-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

299

PT-Rotations, PT-Spherical Harmonics and the PT-Hydrogen Atom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have constructed a set of non-Hermitian operators that satisfy the commutation relations of the SO(3)-Lie algebra. It is shown that this operators generate rotations in the configuration space and not in the momentum space but in a modified non-Hermitian momentum space. This generators are related with a new type of spherical harmonics that result to be PT-orthonormal. Additionally, we have shown that this operators represent conserved quantities for a non-Hermitian Hamiltonian with an additional complex term. As a particular case, the solutions of the corresponding PT-Hydrogen atom that includes a complex term are obtained, and it is found that a non-Hermitian Runge-Lenz vector is a conserved quantity. In this way, we obtain a set of non-Hermitian operators that satisfy the SO(4)-Lie algebra.

Juan M. Romero; R. Bernal-Jaquez; O. Gonzalez-Gaxiola

2010-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

300

Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Utility-Scale Wind Power: Systematic Review and Harmonization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A systematic review and harmonization of life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of utility-scale wind power systems was performed to determine the causes of and, where possible, reduce variability in estimates of life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Screening of approximately 240 LCAs of onshore and offshore systems yielded 72 references meeting minimum thresholds for quality, transparency, and relevance. Of those, 49 references provided 126 estimates of life cycle GHG emissions. Published estimates ranged from 1.7 to 81 grams CO{sub 2}-equivalent per kilowatt-hour (g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh), with median and interquartile range (IQR) both at 12 g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh. After adjusting the published estimates to use consistent gross system boundaries and values for several important system parameters, the total range was reduced by 47% to 3.0 to 45 g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh and the IQR was reduced by 14% to 10 g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh, while the median remained relatively constant (11 g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh). Harmonization of capacity factor resulted in the largest reduction in variability in life cycle GHG emission estimates. This study concludes that the large number of previously published life cycle GHG emission estimates of wind power systems and their tight distribution suggest that new process-based LCAs of similar wind turbine technologies are unlikely to differ greatly. However, additional consequential LCAs would enhance the understanding of true life cycle GHG emissions of wind power (e.g., changes to other generators operations when wind electricity is added to the grid), although even those are unlikely to fundamentally change the comparison of wind to other electricity generation sources.

Dolan, S. L.; Heath, G. A.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Abstract--This paper presents the harmonic analysis of offshore wind farm (OWF) models with full converters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Hjerrild, are with DONG Energy, Denmark (e-mail:, lukko@dongenergy.dk, jeshj@dongenergy.dk). C. L. Bak is with the Institute of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark (e-mail: clb@iet.aau.dk). effects of harmonics [15]. Fig. 2 Wind turbines from Burbo Bank Offshore Wind Farm (daylife.com). In order to investigate

Bak, Claus Leth

302

Measurements and modeling of laser irradiance in the high-power third-harmonic Nova focus: Volume B, Data book  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document contains analysis of third-harmonic equivalent plane photographs obtained in the 2PJW{underscore}3wspot series and described in the report under the same title, Volume A. The photographs that are analyzed in this data book are summarized. A description of the analysis output is included.

Wegner, P.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Third harmonic flow of charged particles in Au + Au collisions at ?s[subscript NN]=200GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report measurements of the third harmonic coefficient of the azimuthal anisotropy, v[subscript 3], known as triangular flow. The analysis is for charged particles in Au+Au collisions at ?s[subscript NN]=200 GeV, based ...

Betancourt, M. J.

304

CFL Labeling Harmonization in the United States, China, Brazil andELI Member Countries: Specifications, Testing, and MutualRecognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report examines critical differences among energy-efficient labeling programs for CFLs in Brazil, China, the United States, and the seven members of the international Efficient Lighting Initiative (ELI) in terms of technical specifications and test procedures, and review issues related to international harmonization of these standards.

Fridley, David; Lin, Jiang; Denver, Andrea; Biermayer, Peter; Dillavou, Tyler

2005-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

305

Sub-Millimetre Wave Sub-Harmonically Pumped Image-Rejection Schottky Mixers for STEAM-R  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sub-Millimetre Wave Sub-Harmonically Pumped Image- Rejection Schottky Mixers for STEAM-R S. P. Rea = 343.5 - 355.5 GHz switch The PREMIER Mission The STEAM-R Instrument PREMIER (PRocess Exploration-sounder (MWLS) on the same satellite platform. The MWLS is the latest iteration of the STEAM-R instrument

306

On the harmonics of the low-frequency quasi-periodic oscillation in GRS 1915+105  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GRS 1915+105 is a widely studied black hole binary, well known because of its extremely fast and complex variability. Flaring periods of high variability alternate with "stable" phases (the plateaux) when the flux is low, the spectra are hard and the timing properties of the source are similar to those of a number of black hole candidates in hard spectral state. In the plateaux the power density spectra are dominated by a low frequency quasi periodic oscillation (LFQPO) superposed onto a band limited noise continuum and accompanied by at least one harmonic. In this paper we focus on three plateaux, presenting the analysis of the power density spectra and in particular of the LFQPO and its harmonics. While plotting the LFQPO and all the harmonics together on a frequency-width plane, we found the presence of a positive trend of broadening when the frequency increases. This trend can shed light in the nature of the harmonic content of the LFQPO and challenges the usual interpretation of these timing features.

Ratti, E M; Motta, S E

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Role of contact farmers as a source of information in the adoption of selected cotton practices among small-scale farmers in two districts of Paraguay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this research was to examine the extent and the manner in which contact farmers in the Training and Visit System of agricultural extension in two districts of eastern Paraguay influenced the dissemination of agricultural information among small-scale follower farmers. The study was conducted in October and November of 2000. Survey instruments were translated into Spanish and data were collected by personal interviews, informal conversations, and through participation in farmer meetings. This descriptive study was based on the responses of 35 Contact Farmers (CF) and 42 Follower Farmers (FF). Results showed that demographic characteristics of the two groups did not differ, except for the level of education (CFs' mean = 6.83, FFs' mean = 5.16, t value = 3.07). The forms of communication used by contact farmers and preferred by follower farmers were individual visits and group meetings. Follower farmers preferred contact farmers, friends, and neighbors, and their own experience to information received from agricultural extensionists. Friends, neighbors, and contact farmers were sources of information that follower farmers stated were available on time, understandable, and trustworthy. Key findings for the adoption of five cotton practices were the following: Paraguayan REBA P-279 was the most recommended, but the Argentine Guazuncho II was most grown; only 9.5% reported the use of the fertilizer formulated as 12-12-17-2; cultural methods of weed control were preferred to chemical control; a 5% increase in plant density from the beginning to the end of the project was seen; and 88% reported that they did not have enough information to control cotton diseases. The knowledge gained will be useful for extension workers, administrators, program managers, policymakers, funding organizations, and the general public to formulate guidelines and organize work programs for disseminating information more effectively to small cotton farmers. Results and recommendations will be presented to the board and staff members of the Agricultural Extension Directorate and the Ministry of Agriculture in order to develop strategies for effective methods of communication long needed among all involved in the agricultural extension process.

Diarte Meza, Nelson Antonio

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Final Environmental Assessment Small-Scale Geothermal Power Plant and Direct-Use Geothermal Application at AmeriCulture Inc., Cotton City, NM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Colorado 80401-3393 Colorado 80401-3393 August 26, 2002 DOE/EA-1396 FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT For the SMALL-SCALE POWER PLANT AND DIRECT-USE GEOTHERMAL APPLICATION At AMERICULTURE, INC., COTTON CITY, NEW MEXICO AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy, Golden Field Office ACTION: Finding of No Significant impact (FONSI) SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) conducted an Environmental Assessment (EA) of the Small-Scale Power Plant and Direct-Use Application at AmeriCulture, Inc. to evaluate potential impacts of construction and operations that would be funded in part by DOE. Small geothermal power plants have the potential for widespread application, but achieving cost- effectiveness in small plant sizes presents a number of challenges. To address these challenges, DOE is supporting the small-scale field verification projects to (1) determine and validate the

309

Direct probing of electronic density distribution of a Rydberg state by high-order harmonic generation in a few-cycle laser pulse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate that the electronic density distribution of a Rydberg state can be probed directly using a broadband harmonic spectrum in a few-cycle laser pulse. Taking advantage of the large orbital radius of a Rydberg state, we show that the Rydberg electron can be accelerated directly toward the core under the influence of a few-cycle laser pulse, leading to recombination and emission of harmonic photons. In this case the initial position of the electron and the harmonic order form a one-to-one correspondence, resulting in a realization of direct probing of the density distribution of the initial Rydberg state.

Zhai Zhen; Fu Panming; Wang Bingbing [Laboratory of Optical Physics, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Chen Jing [Center for Nonlinear Studies, Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China); Yan Zongchao [Department of Physics, University of New Brunswick, P.O. Box 4400, Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 5A3 (Canada)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

310

Fluctuations in the Gravitational, Strong and Weak Nuclear Fields through an Effective Harmonic Oscillator Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose an effective harmonic oscillator model in order to treat the fluctuations of the gravitational, strong and weak nuclear fields. With respect to the gravitational field, first we use the model to estimate its fluctuating strength, necessary to decohere the wavefunction of a cubic centimeter of air at the standard temperature and pressure conditions. Second, the fluctuation of a point mass through a distance equal to the Planck length leads to the self-gravitational interaction of a particle, which can be related to its de Broglie frequency. Third, by making the equality of the fluctuating field strength with the gravitational field of a mass M at half of its Schwarzschild radius, we obtain an estimate of the mass of the Universe. We also consider the fluctuations of the strong nuclear field, as a means to estimate the separation in energy between the ground state and the centroid of the excitated states of the nucleon. Finally, taking into account the neutron-proton mass difference, we use the fluctuations of the weak nuclear field in order to evaluate the weak coupling constant.

P. R. Silva

2001-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

311

Variable order spherical harmonic expansion scheme for the radiative transport equation using finite elements  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: {yields} We developed a variable order global basis scheme to solve light transport in 3D. {yields} Based on finite elements, the method can be applied to a wide class of geometries. {yields} It is computationally cheap when compared to the fixed order scheme. {yields} Comparisons with local basis method and other models demonstrate its accuracy. {yields} Addresses problems encountered n modeling of light transport in human brain. - Abstract: We propose the P{sub N} approximation based on a finite element framework for solving the radiative transport equation with optical tomography as the primary application area. The key idea is to employ a variable order spherical harmonic expansion for angular discretization based on the proximity to the source and the local scattering coefficient. The proposed scheme is shown to be computationally efficient compared to employing homogeneously high orders of expansion everywhere in the domain. In addition the numerical method is shown to accurately describe the void regions encountered in the forward modeling of real-life specimens such as infant brains. The accuracy of the method is demonstrated over three model problems where the P{sub N} approximation is compared against Monte Carlo simulations and other state-of-the-art methods.

Surya Mohan, P., E-mail: sprerapa@cs.ucl.ac.uk [Department of Computer Science, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Tarvainen, Tanja, E-mail: tanja.tarvainen@uef.fi [Department of Computer Science, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 1627, 70211 Kuopio (Finland); Schweiger, Martin, E-mail: martins@medphys.ucl.ac.uk [Department of Computer Science, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Pulkkinen, Aki, E-mail: pulkkine@sten.sunnybrook.utoronto.ca [Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 1627, 70211 Kuopio (Finland); Sunnybrook Research Institute, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Ave., Toronto, M4N 3M5 (Canada); Arridge, Simon R., E-mail: S.Arridge@cs.ucl.ac.uk [Department of Computer Science, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom)

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

312

Harmonic analysis of irradiation asymmetry for cylindrical implosions driven by high-frequency rotating ion beams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cylindrical implosions driven by intense heavy ions beams should be instrumental in a near future to study High Energy Density Matter. By rotating the beam by means of a high frequency wobbler, it should be possible to deposit energy in the outer layers of a cylinder, compressing the material deposited in its core. The beam temporal profile should however generate an inevitable irradiation asymmetry likely to feed the Rayleigh-Taylor instability (RTI) during the implosion phase. In this paper, we compute the Fourier components of the target irradiation in order to make the junction with previous works on RTI performed in this setting. Implementing a 1D and 2D beam models, we find these components can be expressed exactly in terms of the Fourier transform of the temporal beam profile. If $T$ is the beam duration and $\\Omega$ its rotation frequency, "magic products" $\\Omega T$ can be identified which cancel the first harmonic of the deposited density, resulting in an improved irradiation symmetry.

Bret, Antoine; Tahir, Naeem

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To support the North American Energy Working Group's Expert Group on Energy Efficiency (NAEWG-EE), USDOE commissioned the Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP) to prepare a resource document comparing current standards, labels, and test procedure regulations in Canada, Mexico, and the United States. The resulting document reached the following conclusions: Out of 24 energy-using products for which at least one of the three countries has energy efficiency regulations, three products -- refrigerators/freezers, split system central air conditioners, and room air conditioners -- have similar or identical minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) in the three countries. These same three products, as well as three-phase motors, have similar or identical test procedures throughout the region. There are 10 products with different MEPS and test procedures, but which have the short-term potential to develop common test procedures, MEPS, and/or labels. Three other noteworthy areas where possible energy efficiency initiatives have potential for harmonization are standby losses, uniform endorsement labels, and a new standard or label on windows. This paper explains these conclusions and presents the underlying comparative data.

Vanwiemcgrory, Laura; Wiel, Stephen; Van Wie McGrory, Laura; Harrington, Lloyd

2002-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

314

A quantum exactly solvable non-linear oscillator with quasi-harmonic behaviour  

SciTech Connect

The quantum version of a non-linear oscillator, previously analyzed at the classical level, is studied. This is a problem of quantization of a system with position-dependent mass of the form m = (1 + {lambda}x {sup 2}){sup -1} and with a {lambda}-dependent non-polynomial rational potential. This {lambda}-dependent system can be considered as a deformation of the harmonic oscillator in the sense that for {lambda} {sup {yields}} 0 all the characteristics of the linear oscillator are recovered. First, the {lambda}-dependent Schroedinger equation is exactly solved as a Sturm-Liouville problem, and the {lambda}-dependent eigenenergies and eigenfunctions are obtained for both {lambda} > 0 and {lambda} < 0. The {lambda}-dependent wave functions appear as related with a family of orthogonal polynomials that can be considered as {lambda}-deformations of the standard Hermite polynomials. In the second part, the {lambda}-dependent Schroedinger equation is solved by using the Schroedinger factorization method, the theory of intertwined Hamiltonians, and the property of shape invariance as an approach. Finally, the new family of orthogonal polynomials is studied. We prove the existence of a {lambda}-dependent Rodrigues formula, a generating function and {lambda}-dependent recursion relations between polynomials of different orders.

Carinena, Jose F. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain)]. E-mail: jfc@unizar.es; Ranada, Manuel F. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain)]. E-mail: mfran@unizar.es; Santander, Mariano [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Valladolid, 47011 Valladolid (Spain)]. E-mail: msn@fta.uva.es

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

315

The quantum harmonic oscillator on the sphere and the hyperbolic plane  

SciTech Connect

A nonlinear model of the quantum harmonic oscillator on two-dimensional space of constant curvature is exactly solved. This model depends on a parameter {lambda} that is related with the curvature of the space. First, the relation with other approaches is discussed and then the classical system is quantized by analyzing the symmetries of the metric (Killing vectors), obtaining a {lambda}-dependent invariant measure d{mu}{sub {lambda}} and expressing the Hamiltonian as a function of the Noether momenta. In the second part, the quantum superintegrability of the Hamiltonian and the multiple separability of the Schroedinger equation is studied. Two {lambda}-dependent Sturm-Liouville problems, related with two different {lambda}-deformations of the Hermite equation, are obtained. This leads to the study of two {lambda}-dependent families of orthogonal polynomials both related with the Hermite polynomials. Finally the wave functions {psi}{sub m,n} and the energies E{sub m,n} of the bound states are exactly obtained in both the sphere S{sup 2} and the hyperbolic plane H{sup 2}.

Carinena, Jose F. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain)], E-mail: jfc@unizar.es; Ranada, Manuel F. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain)], E-mail: mfran@unizar.es; Santander, Mariano [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Valladolid, 47011 Valladolid (Spain)], E-mail: msn@fta.uva.es

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

316

Infrared and ultraviolet cutoffs in variational calculations with a harmonic oscillator basis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I abstract from a recent publication [1] the motivations for, analysis in and conclusions of a study of the ultraviolet and infrared momentum regulators induced by the necessary truncation of the model spaces formed by a variational trial wave function. This trial function is built systematically from a complete set of many-body basis states based upon three-dimensional harmonic oscillator (HO) functions. Each model space is defined by a truncation of the expansion characterized by a counting number (N) and by the intrinsic scale ($\\hbar\\omega$) of the HO basis. Extending both the uv cutoff to infinity and the ir cutoff to zero is prescribed for a converged calculation. In [1] we established practical procedures which utilize these regulators to obtain the extrapolated result from sequences of calculations with model spaces. Finally, I update this subject by mentioning recent work on our extrapolation prescriptions which have appeared since the submission of [1]. The numerical example chosen for this contribution consists of calculations of the ground state energy of the triton with the "bare" and "soft" Idaho N3LO nucleon-nucleon (NN) interaction.

Sidney A Coon

2013-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

317

The phase diagram of ice: a quasi-harmonic study based on a flexible water model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phase diagram of ice is studied by a quasi-harmonic approximation. The free energy of all experimentally known ice phases has been calculated with the flexible q-TIP4P/F model of water. The only exception is the high pressure ice X, in which the presence of symmetric O-H-O bonds prevents its modeling with this empirical interatomic potential. The simplicity of our approach allows us to study ice phases at state points of the T-P plane that have been omitted in previous simulations using free energy methods based on thermodynamic integration. The effect in the phase diagram of averaging the proton disorder that appears in several ice phases has been studied. It is found particularly relevant for ice III, at least for cell sizes typically used in phase coexistence simulations. New insight into the capability of the employed water model to describe the coexistence of ice phases is presented. We find that the H-ordered ices IX and XIV, as well as the H-disordered ice XII, are particularly stable for this wate...

Ramirez, R; Herrero, C P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

The harmonization of Canadian and U.S. window programs and standards. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The window and door industry in North America have a strong interest in harmonizing US and Canadian rating procedures and standards for predicting the thermal performance of their products. The costs and time associated with complying with the requirements in both countries are significant and could be reduced through reciprocity. The purpose of this paper is to compare the US and Canadian rating programs. Joint efforts between the US and Canada can use this information to focus on reconciling the differences and to work towards reciprocity. The following identifies the applicable procedures and standards for both countries, and summarizes the major differences in the products that are covered, the sizes that are used, the U-factor and solar heat gain coefficient calculational and test methods, air leakage measurement, prediction of annual energy use, condensation resistance methods, reporting requirements, and accreditation and certification programs. The major differences between the system s are identified and recommendations are made to achieve reciprocity. The appendix contains a paper that is a synopsis of the findings from this study.

NONE

1995-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

319

Anthropometry for WorldSID, a World-Harmonized Midsize Male Side Impact Crash Dummy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The WorldSID project is a global effort to design a new generation side impact crash test dummy under the direction of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The first WorldSID crash dummy will represent a world-harmonized mid-size adult male. This paper discusses the research and rationale undertaken to define the anthropometry of a world standard midsize male in the typical automotive seated posture. Various anthropometry databases are compared region by region and in terms of the key dimensions needed for crash dummy design. The Anthropometry for Motor Vehicle Occupants (AMVO) dataset, as established by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI), is selected as the basis for the WorldSID mid-size male, updated to include revisions to the pelvis bone location. The proposed mass of the dummy is 77.3kg with full arms. The rationale for the selected mass is discussed. The joint location and surface landmark database is appended to this paper.

S. Moss; Z. Wang; M. Salloum; M. Reed; M. Van Ratingen; D. Cesari; R. Scherer; T. Uchimura; M. Beusenberg

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

320

Analysis of inverter models and harmonic propagation. Part III. Transient processes in inverter models  

SciTech Connect

Part III of a three part study presents the theoretical analysis and the experimental verification of transient processes that arise in the photovoltaic power system during its normal commutational operations. A general description of the transient processes problem and the method of analysis is presented. The transient processes in the inverter model with an inductive filter are analyzed for both the discontinuous and the continuous currents on the dc side of the inverter, and the problem of transient processes due to the change in illumination level is discussed. Transient processes in the inverter model with capacitive filter are analyzed with special emphasis on the process that arises in the photovoltaic power system immediately after the first ignition of the thyristors. The influence of the operating point of the solar cell array on the transient process is discussed. A sequence for optimal operations is recommended. Part I of the study (SAND 7040/1) contains a detailed description of the microcomputer based simulator that represents the output characteristics of the five commercially available types of solar cell arrays under different environmental conditions, and Part II (SAND 7040/2) describes the harmonics in the photovoltaic power system.

Slonim, M.A.; Stanek, E.K.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

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321

Exploration of High Harmonic Fast Wave Heating on the National Spherical Torus Experiment  

SciTech Connect

High Harmonic Fast Wave (HHFW) heating has been proposed as a particularly attractive means for plasma heating and current drive in the high-beta plasmas that are achievable in spherical torus (ST) devices. The National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) [Ono, M., Kaye, S.M., Neumeyer, S., et al., Proceedings, 18th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Albuquerque, 1999, (IEEE, Piscataway, NJ (1999), p. 53.)] is such a device. An radio-frequency (rf) heating system has been installed on NSTX to explore the physics of HHFW heating, current drive via rf waves and for use as a tool to demonstrate the attractiveness of the ST concept as a fusion device. To date, experiments have demonstrated many of the theoretical predictions for HHFW. In particular, strong wave absorption on electrons over a wide range of plasma parameters and wave parallel phase velocities, wave acceleration of energetic ions, and indications of current drive for directed wave spectra have been observed. In addition HHFW heating has been used to explore the energy transport properties of NSTX plasmas, to create H-mode (high-confinement mode) discharges with a large fraction of bootstrap current and to control the plasma current profile during the early stages of the discharge.

J.R. Wilson; R.E. Bell; S. Bernabei; M. Bitter; P. Bonoli; D. Gates; J. Hosea; B. LeBlanc; T.K. Mau; S. Medley; J. Menard; D. Mueller; M. Ono; C.K. Phillips; R.I. Pinsker; R. Raman; A. Rosenberg; P. Ryan; S. Sabbagh; D. Stutman; D. Swain; Y. Takase; J. Wilgen; the NSTX Team

2003-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

322

Real time selective harmonic minimization for multilevel inverters using genetic algorithm and artifical neural network angle generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The work developed here proposes a methodology for calculating switching angles for varying DC sources in a multilevel cascaded H-bridges converter. In this approach the required fundamental is achieved, the lower harmonics are minimized, and the system can be implemented in real time with low memory requirements. Genetic algorithm (GA) is the stochastic search method to find the solution for the set of equations where the input voltages are the known variables and the switching angles are the unknown variables. With the dataset generated by GA, an artificial neural network (ANN) is trained to store the solutions without excessive memory storage requirements. This trained ANN then senses the voltage of each cell and produces the switching angles in order to regulate the fundamental at 120 V and eliminate or minimize the low order harmonics while operating in real time.

Filho, Faete J [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Exact Solution for the Stokes Problem of an Infinite Cylinder in a Fluid with Harmonic Boundary Conditions at Infinity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an exact solution for the time-dependent Stokes problem of an infinite cylinder of radius r=a in a fluid with harmonic boundary conditions at infinity. This is a 3-dimensional problem but, because of translational invariance along the axis of the cylinder it effectively reduces to a 2-dimensional one. The Stokes problem being a linear reduction of the full Navier-Stokes equations, we show how to satisfy the no-slip boundary condition at the cylinder surface and the harmonic boundary condition at infinity, exhibit the full velocity field for radius r>a, and discuss the nature of the solutions for the specific case of air at sea level.

Andreas N. Vollmayr; Jan-Moritz P. Franosch; J. Leo van Hemmen

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

324

Phase matching of high order harmonic generation using dynamic phase modulation caused by a non-collinear modulation pulse  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Phase matching high harmonic generation (HHG) uses a single, long duration non-collinear modulating pulse intersecting the driving pulse. A femtosecond driving pulse is focused into an HHG medium (such as a noble gas) to cause high-harmonic generation (HHG), for example in the X-ray region of the spectrum, via electrons separating from and recombining with gas atoms. A non-collinear pulse intersects the driving pulse within the gas, and modulates the field seen by the electrons while separated from their atoms. The modulating pulse is low power and long duration, and its frequency and amplitude is chosen to improve HHG phase matching by increasing the areas of constructive interference between the driving pulse and the HHG, relative to the areas of destructive interference.

Cohen, Oren (Boulder, CO); Kapteyn, Henry C. (Boulder, CO); Mumane, Margaret M. (Boulder, CO)

2010-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

325

Revealing molecular structure and dynamics through high-order harmonic generation driven by mid-IR fields  

SciTech Connect

High-order harmonic generation (HHG) from molecules produces spectra that are modulated by interferences that encode both the static structure and the electron dynamics initiated by interaction with the laser field. Using a midinfrared (mid-IR) laser at 1300 nm, we are able to study the region of the harmonic spectrum containing such interferences in CO{sub 2} over a wide range of intensities. This allows for isolation and characterization of interference minima arising due to subcycle electronic dynamics triggered by the laser field, which had previously been identified but not systematically separated. Our experimental and theoretical results demonstrate important steps toward combining attosecond temporal and angstrom-scale spatial resolution in molecular HHG imaging.

Torres, R.; Siegel, T.; Brugnera, L.; Ivanov, M. Yu.; Marangos, J. P. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2BW (United Kingdom); Procino, I. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Underwood, Jonathan G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Central Laser Facility, Science and Technology Facilities Council, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Altucci, C.; Velotta, R. [Consorzio Nazionale Interuniversitario per le Scienze Fisiche della Materia and Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universita di Napoli 'Federico II', Naples (Italy); Springate, E.; Froud, C.; Turcu, I. C. E. [Central Laser Facility, Science and Technology Facilities Council, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Patchkovskii, S. [Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences, National Research Council of Canada, 100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6 (Canada); Smirnova, O. [Max-Born-Institute, 2a Max-Born-Strasse, Berlin D-12489 (Germany)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

Application of the Space-Time Method to Stimulated Raman Adiabatic Passage on the Simple Harmonic Oscillator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The space-time method is applied to a model system-the Simple Harmonic Oscillator in a laser field to simulate the Stimulated Raman Adiabatic Passage (STIRAP) process. The Space-Time method is a computational theory first introduced by Weatherford et. al. to solve Time-Dependent Systems with one boundary value and applied to electron spin system with invariant Hamiltonian [Journal of Molecular Structure {\\bf 592} 47]. The implementation in the present work provides an efficient and general way to solve the Time-Dependent Schr{\\"o}dinger Equation and can be applied to multi-state systems. The algorithm for simulating the Simple Harmonic Oscillator STIRAP can be applied to solve STIRAP problems for complex systems.

Xingjun Zhang; Charles A. Weatherford

2013-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

327

Application of the Space-Time Method to Stimulated Raman Adiabatic Passage on the Simple Harmonic Oscillator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The space-time method is applied to a model system-the Simple Harmonic Oscillator in a laser field to simulate the Stimulated Raman Adiabatic Passage (STIRAP) process. The Space-Time method is a computational theory first introduced by Weatherford et. al. to solve Time-Dependent Systems with one boundary value and applied to electron spin system with invariant Hamiltonian [Journal of Molecular Structure {\\bf 592} 47]. The implementation in the present work provides an efficient and general way to solve the Time-Dependent Schr{\\"o}dinger Equation and can be applied to multi-state systems. The algorithm for simulating the Simple Harmonic Oscillator STIRAP can be applied to solve STIRAP problems for complex systems.

Zhang, Xingjun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Real Time Selective Harmonic Minimization for Multilevel Inverters Connected to Solar Panels Using Artificial Neural Network Angle Generation  

SciTech Connect

This work approximates the selective harmonic elimination problem using artificial neural networks (ANNs) to generate the switching angles in an 11-level full-bridge cascade inverter powered by five varying dc input sources. Each of the five full bridges of the cascade inverter was connected to a separate 195-W solar panel. The angles were chosen such that the fundamental was kept constant and the low-order harmonics were minimized or eliminated. A nondeterministic method is used to solve the system for the angles and to obtain the data set for the ANN training. The method also provides a set of acceptable solutions in the space where solutions do not exist by analytical methods. The trained ANN is a suitable tool that brings a small generalization effect on the angles' precision and is able to perform in real time (50-/60-Hz time window).

Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL; Filho, Faete [ORNL; Cao, Yue [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Industrial harmonic analysis system for magnetic measurements of SSC collider arc and high energy booster corrector magnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The SSCL collider arc and high energy booster corrector magnets are 50 mm bore cryogenic magnets. The integral strength and harmonics will be measured by industry at full current at 4.2 K and at plus and minus 400 mA at room temperature. Dipoles, quadrupoles, and sextupoles have error tolerances of a few tens of units. A prototype harmonic analysis system for magnetic measurements of production and prototype dipole, quadrupole and sextupole magnets has been designed and is being fabricated. We describe the criteria for search coil designs, data acquisition system hardware and software. Radial search coil arrays are being fabricated utilizing multifilar wire. Two digital integrators will allow simultaneous accumulation of unbucked and bucked configurations.

Green, M.I.; Sponsel, R.; Sylvester, C.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Methods, systems and apparatus for optimization of third harmonic current injection in a multi-phase machine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods, system and apparatus are provided for increasing voltage utilization in a five-phase vector controlled machine drive system that employs third harmonic current injection to increase torque and power output by a five-phase machine. To do so, a fundamental current angle of a fundamental current vector is optimized for each particular torque-speed of operating point of the five-phase machine.

Gallegos-Lopez, Gabriel

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

331

Compton harmonic resonances, stochastic instabilities, quasilinear diffusion, and collisionless damping with ultra-high intensity laser waves  

SciTech Connect

The dynamics of electrons in two-dimensional, linearly or circularly polarized, ultra-high intensity (above 10{sup 18}W/cm{sup 2}) laser waves, is investigated. The Compton harmonic resonances are identified as the source of various stochastic instabilities. Both Arnold diffusion and resonance overlap are considered. The quasilinear kinetic equation, describing the evolution of the electron distribution function, is derived, and the associated collisionless damping coefficient is calculated. The implications of these new processes are considered and discussed.

Rax, J.M.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Jordan-Schwinger map, 3D harmonic oscillator constants of motion, and classical and quantum parameters characterizing electromagnetic wave polarization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we introduce a generalization of the Jauch and Rohrlich quantum Stokes operators when the arrival direction from the source is unknown {\\it a priori}. We define the generalized Stokes operators as the Jordan-Schwinger map of a triplet of harmonic oscillators with the Gell-Mann and Ne'eman SU(3) symmetry group matrices. We show that the elements of the Jordan-Schwinger map are the constants of motion of the three-dimensional isotropic harmonic oscillator. Also, we show that generalized Stokes Operators together with the Gell-Mann and Ne'eman matrices may be used to expand the polarization density matrix. By taking the expectation value of the Stokes operators in a three-mode coherent state of the electromagnetic field, we obtain the corresponding generalized classical Stokes parameters. Finally, by means of the constants of motion of the classical three-dimensional isotropic harmonic oscillator we describe the geometric properties of the polarization ellipse

R. D. Mota; M. A. Xicotencatl; V. D. Granados

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

333

Renewable Diesel from Algal Lipids: An Integrated Baseline for Cost, Emissions, and Resource Potential from a Harmonized Model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Biomass Program has begun an initiative to obtain consistent quantitative metrics for algal biofuel production to establish an 'integrated baseline' by harmonizing and combining the Program's national resource assessment (RA), techno-economic analysis (TEA), and life-cycle analysis (LCA) models. The baseline attempts to represent a plausible near-term production scenario with freshwater microalgae growth, extraction of lipids, and conversion via hydroprocessing to produce a renewable diesel (RD) blendstock. Differences in the prior TEA and LCA models were reconciled (harmonized) and the RA model was used to prioritize and select the most favorable consortium of sites that supports production of 5 billion gallons per year of RD. Aligning the TEA and LCA models produced slightly higher costs and emissions compared to the pre-harmonized results. However, after then applying the productivities predicted by the RA model (13 g/m2/d on annual average vs. 25 g/m2/d in the original models), the integrated baseline resulted in markedly higher costs and emissions. The relationship between performance (cost and emissions) and either productivity or lipid fraction was found to be non-linear, and important implications on the TEA and LCA results were observed after introducing seasonal variability from the RA model. Increasing productivity and lipid fraction alone was insufficient to achieve cost and emission targets; however, combined with lower energy, less expensive alternative technology scenarios, emissions and costs were substantially reduced.

Davis, R.; Fishman, D.; Frank, E. D.; Wigmosta, M. S.; Aden, A.; Coleman, A. M.; Pienkos, P. T.; Skaggs, R. J.; Venteris, E. R.; Wang, M. Q.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

HARMONIC IN-PAINTING OF COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND SKY BY CONSTRAINED GAUSSIAN REALIZATION  

SciTech Connect

The presence of astrophysical emissions between the last scattering surface and our vantage point requires us to apply a foreground mask on cosmic microwave background (CMB) sky maps, leading to large cuts around the Galactic equator and numerous holes. Since many CMB analysis, in particular on the largest angular scales, may be performed on a whole-sky map in a more straightforward and reliable manner, it is of utmost importance to develop an efficient method to fill in the masked pixels in a way compliant with the expected statistical properties and the unmasked pixels. In this Letter, we consider the Monte Carlo simulation of a constrained Gaussian field and derive it CMB anisotropy in harmonic space, where a feasible implementation is possible with good approximation. We applied our method to simulated data, which shows that our method produces a plausible whole-sky map, given the unmasked pixels, and a theoretical expectation. Subsequently, we applied our method to the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe foreground-reduced maps and investigated the anomalous alignment between quadrupole and octupole components. From our investigation, we find that the alignment in the foreground-reduced maps is even higher than the Internal Linear Combination map. We also find that the V-band map has higher alignment than other bands, despite the expectation that the V-band map has less foreground contamination than other bands. Therefore, we find it hard to attribute the alignment to residual foregrounds. Our method will be complementary to other efforts on in-painting or reconstructing the masked CMB data, and of great use to Planck surveyor and future missions.

Kim, Jaiseung; Naselsky, Pavel [Niels Bohr Institute and Discovery Center, Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); Mandolesi, Nazzareno, E-mail: jkim@nbi.dk [INAF/IASF, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Bologna, Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Explicit formulas for generalized harmonic perturbations of the infinite quantum well with an application to Mathieu equations  

SciTech Connect

We obtain explicit formulas for perturbative corrections of the infinite quantum well model. The formulas we obtain are based on a class of matrix elements that we construct by means of two-parameter ladder operators associated with the infinite quantum well system. Our approach can be used to construct solutions to Schroedinger-type equations that involve generalized harmonic perturbations of their potentials, such as cosine powers, Fourier series, and more general functions. As a particular case, we obtain characteristic values for odd periodic solutions of the Mathieu equation.

Garcia-Ravelo, J.; Trujillo, A. L. [Escuela Superior de Fisica y Matematicas, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Unidad Profesional Adolfo Lopez Mateos, Zacatenco, 07738 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Schulze-Halberg, A. [Department of Mathematics and Actuarial Science, Indiana University Northwest, 3400 Broadway, Gary, Indiana 46408 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

336

The quantum harmonic oscillator on the sphere and the hyperbolic plane: {kappa}-dependent formalism, polar coordinates, and hypergeometric functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A nonlinear model representing the quantum harmonic oscillator on the sphere and the hyperbolic plane is solved in polar coordinates (r,{phi}) by making use of a curvature-dependent formalism. The curvature {kappa} is considered as a parameter and then the radial Schroedinger equation becomes a {kappa}-dependent Gauss hypergeometric equation. The energy spectrum and the wave functions are exactly obtained in both the sphere S{sup 2} ({kappa}>0) and the hyperbolic plane H{sup 2} ({kappa}<0). A comparative study between the spherical and the hyperbolic quantum results is presented.

Carinena, Jose F.; Ranada, Manuel F.; Santander, Mariano [Departmento de Fisica Teorica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Valladolid, 47011 Valladolid (Spain)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

First-order thermal correction to the quadratic response tensor and rate for second harmonic plasma emission  

SciTech Connect

Three-wave interactions in plasmas are described, in the framework of kinetic theory, by the quadratic response tensor (QRT). The cold-plasma QRT is a common approximation for interactions between three fast waves. Here, the first-order thermal correction (FOTC) to the cold-plasma QRT is derived for interactions between three fast waves in a warm unmagnetized collisionless plasma, whose particles have an arbitrary isotropic distribution function. The FOTC to the cold-plasma QRT is shown to depend on the second moment of the distribution function, the phase speeds of the waves, and the interaction geometry. Previous calculations of the rate for second harmonic plasma emission (via Langmuir-wave coalescence) assume the cold-plasma QRT. The FOTC to the cold-plasma QRT is used here to calculate the FOTC to the second harmonic emission rate, and its importance is assessed in various physical situations. The FOTC significantly increases the rate when the ratio of the Langmuir phase speed to the electron thermal speed is less than about 3.

Layden, B.; Cairns, Iver H.; Robinson, P. A. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006 (Australia); Percival, D. J. [Defence Science and Technology Organisation, P.O. Box 1500, Edinburgh, South Australia 5111 (Australia)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

338

High-temperature thermodynamics of strongly interacting s-wave and p-wave Fermi gases in a harmonic trap  

SciTech Connect

We theoretically investigate the high-temperature thermodynamics of a strongly interacting trapped Fermi gas near either s-wave or p-wave Feshbach resonances, using a second-order quantum virial expansion. The second virial coefficient is calculated based on the energy spectrum of two interacting fermions in a harmonic trap. We consider both isotropic and anisotropic harmonic potentials. For the two-fermion interaction, either s-wave or p-wave, we use a pseudopotential parametrized by a scattering length and an effective range. This turns out to be the simplest way of encoding the energy dependence of the low-energy scattering amplitude or phase shift. This treatment of the pseudopotential can be easily generalized to higher partial-wave interactions. We discuss how the second virial coefficient and thermodynamics are affected by the existence of these finite-range interaction effects. The virial expansion result for a strongly interacting s-wave Fermi gas has already been proved very useful. In the case of p-wave interactions, our results for the high-temperature equation of state are applicable to future high-precision thermodynamic measurements for a spin-polarized Fermi gas near a p-wave Feshbach resonance.

Peng Shiguo [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084 (China); Centre for Atom Optics and Ultrafast Spectroscopy, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne 3122 (Australia); Li Shiqun [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084 (China); Drummond, Peter D.; Liu Xiaji [Centre for Atom Optics and Ultrafast Spectroscopy, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne 3122 (Australia)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

339

Analytical transformed harmonic oscillator basis for three-body nuclei of astrophysical interest: Application to 6He  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, a square-integrable discrete basis, obtained performing a simple analytical local scale transformation to the harmonic oscillator basis, has been proposed and successfully applied to study the properties of two-body systems. Here, the method is generalized to study three-body systems. To test the goodness of the formalism and establish its applicability and limitations, the capture reaction rate for the nucleosynthesis of the Borromean nucleus 6He (4He + n + n) is addressed. Results are compared with previous publications and with calculations based on actual three-body continuum wave functions, which can be generated for this simple case. The obtained results encourage the application to other Borromean nuclei of astrophysical interest such as 9Be and 12C, for which actual three-body continuum calculations are very involved.

J. Casal; M. Rodrguez-Gallardo; J. M. Arias

2013-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

340

Path Integral Approach to the Calculation of Reaction Rates for a Reaction Coordinate Coupled to a Dual Harmonic Bath  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new method for the numerical calculation of canonical reaction rate constants in complex molecular systems, which is based on a path integral formulation of the flux-flux correlation function. Central is the partitioning of the total system into a relevant part coupled to a dual bath. The latter consists of two parts: First, a set of strongly coupled harmonic modes, describing, for example, intramolecular degrees of freedom. They are treated on the basis of a reaction surface Hamiltonian approach. Second, a set of bath modes mimicking an unspecific environment modeled by means of a continuous spectral density. After deriving a set of general equations expressing the canonical rate constant in terms of appropriate influence functionals, several approximations are introduced to provide an efficient numerical implementation. Results for an initial application to the H-transfer in 6-Aminofulvene-1-aldimine are discussed.

Yang, Yonggang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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341

Harmonic Responses in 2DEG AlGaAs/GaAs HEMT Devices Due to Plasma Wave Interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plasma waves are oscillations of electron density in time and space, and in deep submicron field effect transistors, typical plasma frequencies, omega{sub p}, lie in the terahertz range and do not involve any quantum transitions. Hence, using plasma wave excitation for detection and/or generation of THz oscillations is a very promising approach. In this paper, the investigation of plasma wave interaction between the plasma waves propagating in a short-channel High-Electron-Mobility Transistor (HEMT) and the radiated electromagnetic waves was carried out. Experimentally, we have demonstrated the detection of the terahertz (THz) radiation by an AlGaAs/GaAs HEMT up to third harmonic at room temperature and their resonant responses show very good agreement with the calculated results.

Hashim, A. M.; Alias, Q. I. [Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor (Malaysia); Kasai, S.; Hasegawa, H. [Research Center for Integrated Quantum Electronics, Hokkaido University North 12 West 8, Sapporo 060-8628 (Japan)

2010-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

342

Measurements and modeling of laser irradiance in the high-power third-harmonic Nova focus: Volume B, Data book. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

This document contains analysis of third-harmonic equivalent plane photographs obtained in the 2PJW{underscore}3wspot series and described in the report under the same title, Volume A. The photographs that are analyzed in this data book are summarized. A description of the analysis output is included.

Wegner, P.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

A new uniform parameterization and invariant 3D spherical harmonic shape descriptors for shape analysis of the heart's left ventricle - A pilot study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new approach for uniform parameterization and rotation invariant global description of 3D triangular surface meshes of objects with a spherical topology is presented. It consists of two steps. First, an initial mapping based on a heat conduction model ... Keywords: Left ventricle, Myocardial scintigraphy, Rotation invariant 3D shape descriptors, Spherical harmonic model, Uniform parameterization

A. Ben Abdallah; F. Ghorbel; K. Chatti; H. Essabbah; M. H. Bedoui

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

High Harmonic Fast Wave Heating Efficiency Enhancement and Current Drive at Longer Wavelength on the National Spherical Torus Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High harmonic fast wave heating and current drive CD are being developed on the National Spherical Torus Experiment M. Ono et al., Nucl. Fusion 41, 1435 2001 for supporting startup and sustainment of the spherical torus plasma. Considerable enhancement of the core heating efficiency from 44% to 65% has been obtained for CD phasing of the antenna strap-to-strap = 90 , k= 8 m 1 by increasing the magnetic field from 4.5 to 5.5 kG. This increase in efficiency is strongly correlated to moving the location of the onset density for perpendicular fast wave propagation nonsetBk 2 / away from the antenna face and wall, and hence reducing the propagating surface wave fields. Radio frequency RF waves propagating close to the wall at lower B and k can enhance power losses from both the parametric decay instability PDI and wave dissipation in sheaths and structures around the machine. The improved efficiency found here is attributed to a reduction in the latter, as PDI losses are little changed at the higher magnetic field. Under these conditions of higher coupling efficiency, initial measurements of localized CD effects have been made and compared with advanced RF code simulations.

Hosea, J. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Bell, R. E. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); LeBlanc, B [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Phillips, Cynthia [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Taylor, G. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Valeo, Dr Ernest [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Wilson, J. R. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Jaeger, Erwin Frederick [ORNL; Ryan, Philip Michael [ORNL; Wilgen, John B [ORNL; Yuh, H. [Nova Photonics; Levinton, F. [Fusion Physics and Technology; Sabbagh, S. A. [Columbia University; Tritz, K. [Johns Hopkins University; Parker, J. [Cornell University; Bonoli, P. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); Harvey, R. W. [CompX, Del Mar, CA

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Analysis of the electrical harmonic characteristics of a slip recovery variable speed generating system for wind turbine applications  

SciTech Connect

Variable speed electric generating technology can enhance the general use of wind energy in electric utility applications. This enhancement results from two characteristic properties of variable speed wind turbine generators: an improvement in drive train damping characteristics, which results in reduced structural loading on the entire wind turbine system, and an improvement in the overall efficiency by using a more sophisticated electrical generator. Electronic converter systems are the focus of this investigation -- in particular, the properties of a wound-rotor induction generator with the slip recovery system and direct-current link converter. Experience with solid-state converter systems in large wind turbines is extremely limited. This report presents measurements of electrical performances of the slip recovery system and is limited to the terminal characteristics of the system. Variable speed generating systems working effectively in utility applications will require a satisfactory interface between the turbine/generator pair and the utility network. The electrical testing described herein focuses largely on the interface characteristics of the generating system. A MOD-O wind turbine was connected to a very strong system; thus, the voltage distortion was low and the total harmonic distortion in the utility voltage was less than 3% (within the 5% limit required by most utilities). The largest voltage component of a frequency below 60 Hz was 40 dB down from the 60-Hz< component. 8 refs., 14 figs., 8 tabs.

Herrera, J.I.; Reddoch, T.W.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

High Harmonic Fast Wave Heating Efficiency Enhancemen and Current Drive at Longer Wavelength on the National Spherical Torus Experiment  

SciTech Connect

High harmonic fast wave heating and current drive (CD) are being developed on the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) [M. Ono et al., Nucl. Fusion 41, 1435 (2001)] for supporting startup and sustainment of the ST plasma. Considerable enhancement of the core heating efficiency (?) from 44% to 65% has been obtained for CD phasing of the antenna (strap-to-strap ? = -90o, k? = -8 m-1) by increasing the magnetic field from 4.5 kG to 5.5 kG. This increase in efficiency is strongly correlated to moving the location of the onset density for perpendicular fast wave propagation (nonset ? ?? k|| 2/w) away from the antenna face and wall, and hence reducing the propagating surface wave fields. RF waves propagating close to the wall at lower B? and k|| can enhance power losses from both the parametric decay instability (PDI) and wave dissipation in sheaths and structures around the machine. The improved efficiency found here is attributed to a reduction in the latter, as PDI losses are little changed at the higher magnetic field. Under these conditions of higher coupling efficiency, initial measurements of localized CD effects have been made and compared with advanced RF code simulations

J. Hosea, R. E. Bell, B.P. LeBlanc, C.K. Phillips, G. Taylor, E. Valeo, J.R. Wilson, E.F. Jaeger, P.M. Ryan, J. Wilgen, H. Yuh, F. Levinton, S. Sabbagh, K. Tritz, J. Parker, P.T. Bonoli, R. Harvey, and the NSTX Team

2008-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

347

Minimum variational principles for time-harmonic waves in a dissipative medium and associated variational principles of Hashin--Shtrikman type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Minimization variational principles for linear elastodynamic, acoustic, or electromagnetic time-harmonic waves in dissipative media were obtained by Milton, Seppecher and Bouchitt\\'e generalizing the quasistatic variational principles of Cherkaev and Gibiansky. Here a further generalization is made to allow for a much wider variety of boundary conditions, and in particular Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions. In addition minimization or maximization principles of the Hashin-Shtrikman type, incorporating "polarization fields", are developed.

Graeme W. Milton; John R. Willis

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

348

Harmonic parameterization by electrostatics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article, we introduce a method to apply ideas from electrostatics to parameterize the open space around an object. By simulating the object as a virtually charged conductor, we can define an object-centric coordinate system which we call Electric ... Keywords: Coordinates, cloth control, parameterization

He Wang, Kirill A. Sidorov, Peter Sandilands, Taku Komura

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Quantum Harmonic Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inspired by the recent conjecture that black holes are condensates (of gravitons), we investigate a simple model for the black hole degrees of freedom that is consistent both from the point of view of Quantum mechanics and of General Relativity. Since the two perspectives should converge for small, Planck size, black holes, we expect our construction is useful for understanding the physics of microscopic, quantum black holes.

Casadio, R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Technical Study Addresses a Key Challenge to Harmonizing U.S. and International PV Module Standards (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL builds community and industry support by addressing concerns voiced by key standards organizations. Photovoltaic (PV) manufacturers in the United States test the safety of their products using standards developed through consensus processes. Because U.S. PV module safety standards are not aligned with international standards, manufacturers must test their modules twice - and sometimes maintain separate product lines. By meeting with standards organizations such as the Solar ABCs and Underwriters Laboratories (UL), National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) leaders have worked to identify different stakeholders priorities and concerns. UL, specifically, has expressed concern that the international standards do not address all possible risks. For example, new encapsulant materials could soften at high temperatures and frameless modules could slide apart, exposing live electrical parts or allowing glass to fall on a person below. The deformation of a solid material under the influence of mechanical stresses is known as 'creep.' Current module qualification tests are limited to 85 C, whereas modules can, for short times, reach 105 C outdoors. In response to UL's concern, NREL designed and executed an experiment to compare on-sun and accelerated rates of creep for modules fabricated with various encapsulants, including some that have low melting points. Objectives were to (1) evaluate the potential for creep in outdoor exposure, (2) provide guidance on the risks and design needs with thermoplastic materials, and (3) provide a basis for modifying standards to account for materials with potential to creep. The study tested experimental materials with eight representative encapsulants in both outdoor and indoor (chamber) exposure. The study found that modules with materials that were expected to creep did so in the indoor exposure, but not in most outdoor environments and mounting configurations. The results provide a basis for defining an accelerated test needed to give confidence that the modules will not slide apart on hot days. The proposal for IEC 61730 Part 1 exposes modules for 200 hours to a temperature between 105 C and 110 C. NREL is collaborating with UL representatives, and U.S. and international standards appear to be closer to harmonization.

Not Available

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Coherent terahertz radiation from high-harmonic component of modulated free-electron beam in a tapered two-asymmetric grating structure  

SciTech Connect

Based on the mechanism of incoherent diffraction radiation excited by an electron bunch in a waveguide with periodic structure, this paper presents the concept of coherent terahertz (THz) radiation from the high-harmonic component of a modulated free-electron beam in a tapered two-asymmetric grating structure. The results show that in this mechanism 0.43 THz radiation can be generated with 10 A/cm{sup 2} current density, and the efficiency can reach 0.5%. Because of the low required current density and relative high efficiency, this concept shows the application potential for electron-beam-driven terahertz sources.

Zhang Yaxin; Zhou Yucong; Dong Liang; Liu Shenggang [Terahertz Science and Technology Research Center, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China)

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

352

Study of interfacial charge-transfer complex on TiO{sub 2} particles in aqueous suspension by second-harmonic generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Titanium dioxide (TiO{sub 2}) is a wide band-gap semiconductor having two common crystal forms: rutile and anatase. Due to its high physical and chemical stability, it is extensively studied as a photocatalyst for photolysis of water, and for oxidative photomineralization of organic pollutants in wastewater, aimed at harvesting solar energy. The authors report the first direct observation of an interfacial charge-transfer complex using second-harmonic spectroscopy. The second-harmonic spectrum of catechol adsorbed on 0.4 micron-sized TiO{sub 2} (anatase) colloidal particles in aqueous suspension reveals a charge-transfer band centered at 2.72 eV (456 nm). In addition, the adsorption isotherm of catechol on the colloidal TiO{sub 2} suspension was obtained and gave an excellent fit to the Langmuir adsorption model. From this, the authors infer the free energy of the adsorption to be {Delta}G{degree} = {minus}6.8 kcal/mol.

Liu, Y.; Dadap, J.I.; Zimdars, D.; Eisenthal, K.B. [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Chemistry

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

High-order optical harmonic generation as a process of single atom interaction with sub-relativistic single- and multicolor laser fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a non-perturbative theory of a single atom interaction with the multicolor laser field. The theory is based on the use of exact mathematical solutions of the boundary value problem for 'an atom in the external field', as a result the case of arbitrary orientation of atomic angular momentum and electromagnetic wave polarization vector can be described in the consistent mathematical form. We also present the results of numerical simulations on silver and argon atoms interaction with single-and two-color laser fields formed by fundamental frequency and second harmonic of Ti:Sapphire laser. The results of numerical calculations show that the efficiency of high-order harmonic generation (HHG) depends strongly on the laser field parameters (especially on the orientation of polarization vectors and chirp of the two-color laser field components). We have demonstrated the saturation of the cut-off frequency in the laser fields of near-atomic strength and investigated the impact of the field phase in the case of ultrashort laser pulses.

Andreev, A. V.; Stremoukhov, S. Yu.; Shoutova, O. A. [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, physical department, 119991 Leninskie Gory, 1, build. 2, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

354

Disentangling flow and nonflow correlations via Bayesian unfolding of the event-by-event distributions of harmonic coefficients in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The performance of the Bayesian unfolding method in extracting the event-by-event (EbyE) distributions of harmonic flow coefficients v_n is investigated using a toy model simulation, as well as simulations based on the HIJING and AMPT models. The unfolding method is shown to recover the input v_2-v_4 distributions for multiplicities similar to those observed in Pb+Pb collisions at the LHC. The effects of the nonflow are evaluated using HIJING simulation with and without a flow afterburner. The probability distribution of v_n resulting only from nonflow in HIJING is nearly a Gaussian and can be largely suppressed in the data-driven unfolding method used by the ATLAS Collaboration. The residual nonflow effects have no appreciable impact on the v_3 distributions, but are found to affect the tails of the v_2 and v_4 distributions; these effects manifest as a small simultaneous change in the mean and standard deviation of the $v_n$ distributions. For the AMPT model, which contains both flow fluctuations and nonflow effects, the reduced shape of the extracted v_n distributions is found to be independent of pT in the low pT region, similar to what is observed in the ATLAS data. The prospect of using the EbyE distribution of the harmonic spectrum aided by the unfolding technique as a general tool to study azimuthal correlations in high energy collisions is also discussed.

Jiangyong Jia; Soumya Mohapatra

2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

355

PROJECT SHEET SUBCOMMITTEE: Food Residues Subcommittee PROJECT TITLE: Expansion, Development and Harmonization of Crop Groups With Specified Representative Crops for Field Crop Residues Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GOAL/OBJECTIVE: To further develop and implement Crop groups utilized by NAFTA and based on representative commodities to foster worldwide harmonization of Crop groups and commodity terminology which will help remove trade irritants due to differences in commodity tolerance levels or MRLs for minor and specialty crops. PROJECT DESCRIPTION/PROCEDURE The Chairperson (Hong Chen) of the International Crop Grouping Consulting Committee (ICGCC) forwards the Symposium proposal for a particular crop group to the appropriate workgroup of the ICGCC via emails and requests the workgroup members to provide input on crop information and maximum residue limit (MRL) information (includes U.S., NAFTA, Codex and EU) on the commodities. Growers and commodity experts also provide valuable input on commodities. International members provide specific information on the commodities grown in their countries and regions which provides perspectives on harmonization approaches. Based on the input, the ICGCC Chairperson will prepare commodity monographs, divide subgroups, select representative crops and draft new crop group petitions. The draft petitions will be forwarded to the workgroup for review and comments before being finalized, and the

unknown authors

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Preparation, characterization, and second-harmonic generation of a Langmuir-Blodgett film based on a rare-earth coordination compound  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rare-earth coordination compound (E)-N-hexadecyl-4-(2-(4-(dimethylamino)phenyl)-ethenyl)pyridinium tetrakis(1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-benzoyl-5-pyrazolonato)dysprosium(III) was synthesized. The LB films were prepared and characterized by UV-vis, IR, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and low-angle X-ray diffraction. High-quality LB films up to 50 layers on the hydrophilic substrates of quartz, calcium fluoride, and glass were obtained. From the second-harmonic generation measurement, second-order molecular hyperpolarizability {beta} of the dysprosium complex was estimated to be about (6.6-9.3) x 10{sup {minus}28} esu. 14 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Wang, K.Z.; Huang, C.H.; Xu, G.X.; Zhao, X.S.; Xie, X.M.; Wu, N.Z. [Peking Univ., Beijing (China); Xu, Y.; Liu, Y.Q.; Zhu, D.B. [Institute of Chemistry, Beijing (China)

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Cerenkov-type phase-matched second-harmonic emission from GaAs/AlGaAs quantum-cascade lasers  

SciTech Connect

Second-harmonic (SH) emission in the form of Cerenkov-type phase-matched radiation has been measured for quantum-cascade lasers (QCLs) with built-in nonlinearities. The QCLs operate at 10.9 {mu}m wavelength and, due to material dispersion, show a high collinear phase mismatch, resulting in low SH external conversion efficiencies on the order of 2 {mu}W/W{sup 2}. Due to our waveguide design, we were able to couple out and measure the generated SH light in the form of Cerenkov-type phase-matched radiation from the substrate of the device. The SH power collected from the Cerenkov beam leads to an increased external conversion efficiency of {approx}50 {mu}W/W{sup 2}.

Austerer, M.; Detz, H.; Schartner, S.; Nobile, M.; Schrenk, W.; Andrews, A. M.; Klang, P. [Center for Micro- and Nanostructures, TU Vienna, Floragasse 7, A-1040 Vienna (Austria); Strasser, G. [Departments of Electrical Engineering and Physics, SUNY at Buffalo, New York 14260 (United States)

2008-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

358

Comparison of bounce-averaged quasilinear theory with charge exchange measurements during minority fundamental and majority second harmonic ICRF heating in PLT  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Previous studies in PLT using charge-exchange, edge probe, and fusion product diagnostics all indicate that ICRF tends to produce energetic trapped particles whose banana tips are near the resonance layer. A bounce-averaged quasilinear operator which predicts this ''resonance localization'' has been implemented in a Fokker-Planck code in order to make detailed comparisons with measurements. Good agreement is found with data from the horizontally-scanning, mass-resolving, charge-exchange analyzer, although the RF power profile seems to be broader than expected. We have recently observed a deuterium tail during hydrogen minority heating. The shape of this tail and its scaling with RF power agree well with the quasilinear theory. These measurements indicate that as much as 30% of the central RF power goes into direct second harmonic deuterium heating.

Hammett, G.W.; Colestock, P.L.; Gammel, G.; Goldston, R.J.; Hosea, J.C.; Hwang, D.Q.; Kaita, R.; Ono, M.; Roquemore, L.; Wilson, J.R.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Studies of azimuthal anisotropy harmonics in ultra-central PbPb collisions at sqrt(s[NN]) = 2.76 TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Azimuthal dihadron correlations of charged particles have been measured in PbPb collisions at sqrt(s[NN]) = 2.76 TeV by the CMS collaboration, using data from the 2011 LHC heavy-ion run. The data set includes a sample of ultra-central (0-0.2% centrality) PbPb events collected using a trigger based on total transverse energy in the hadron forward calorimeters and the total multiplicity of pixel clusters in the silicon pixel tracker. A total of about 1.8 million ultra-central events were recorded, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 120 inverse microbarns. The observed correlations in ultra-central PbPb events are expected to be particularly sensitive to initial-state fluctuations. The single-particle anisotropy Fourier harmonics, from v[2] to v[6], are extracted as a function of particle transverse momentum. At higher transverse momentum, the v[2] harmonic becomes significantly smaller than the higher-order v[n] (n greater than or equal to 3). The pt-averaged v[2] and v[3] are found to be equal within 2%, while higher-order v[n] decrease as n increases. The breakdown of factorization of dihadron correlations into single-particle azimuthal anisotropies is observed. This effect is found to be most prominent in the ultra-central PbPb collisions, where the initial-state fluctuations play a dominant role. A comparison of the factorization data to hydrodynamic predictions with event-by-event fluctuating initial conditions is also presented.

CMS Collaboration

2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

360

Harmonization of Land-Use Scenarios for the Period 1500-2100: 600 Years of Global Gridded Annual Land-Use Transitions, Wood Harvest, and Resulting Secondary Lands  

SciTech Connect

In preparation for the fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the international community is developing new advanced Earth System Models (ESM) to assess the combined effects of human activities (e.g. land use and fossil fuel emissions) on the carbon-climate system. In addition, four Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) scenarios of the future (2005-2100) are being provided by four Integrated Assessment Model (IAM) teams to be used as input to the ESMs for future carbon-climate projections (Moss et al., 2010). The diversity of approaches and requirements among IAMs and ESMs for tracking land-use change, along with the dependence of model projections on land-use history, presents a challenge for effectively passing data between these communities and for smoothly transitioning from the historical estimates to future projections. Here, a harmonized set of land-use scenarios are presented that smoothly connects historical reconstructions of land use with future projections, in the format required by ESMs.

Hurtt, George; Chini, Louise Parsons; Frolking, Steve; Betts, Richard; Feddema, Johannes; Fischer, Gavin M.; Fisk, J.P.; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Houghton, R. A.; Janetos, Anthony C.; Jones, C.; Kindermann, G.; Kinoshita, Tsuguki; Goldeweijk, Kees K.; Riahi, Keywan; Shevliakova, Elena; Smith, Steven J.; Stehfest, Eike; Thomson, Allison M.; Thornton, P.; Van Vuuren, Detlef; Wang, Y.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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361

Correction of Doi-Edwards' Green Function for a Chain in a Harmonic Potential and its Implication for the Stress-Optical Rule  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a corrected Green's function for a polymer chain trapped in a two-dimensional anisotropic harmonic potential with a fixed boundary condition. This Green's function is a modified version of what Doi and Edwards first derived to describe the polymer chain confined in the tube-like domain of surrounding entangled polymers [J. Chem. Soc. Farad. Trans. II 74 (1978) 1802]. In contradiction to the results found by Ianniruberto and Marrucci (IM) when applying the Doi-Edwards Green function [J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech. 79 (1998) 225], we find that the stress-optical rule is violated for any tube potential either circular or elliptic if the corrected Green's function is used. The violation is due to the presence of the virtual springs to confine the chain in the tube rather than the anisotropy of the confinement potential. On the other hand, Doi and Edwards used their Green's function only for estimation of the monomer density along the primitive path where we find just a small correction. Since they did not use it for rheological calculations, the stress-optic rule appears to be safe for the Doi-Edwards model.

Jay D. Schieber; Tsutomu Indei

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

362

Nanograting-based compact VUV spectrometer and beam profiler for in-situ characterization of high-order harmonic generation light sources  

SciTech Connect

A compact, versatile device for VUV beam characterization is presented. It combines the functionalities of a VUV spectrometer and a VUV beam profiler in one unit and is entirely supported by a standard DN200 CF flange. The spectrometer employs a silicon nitride transmission nanograting in combination with a micro-channel plate based imaging detector. This enables the simultaneous recording of wavelengths ranging from 10 nm to 80 nm with a resolution of 0.25 nm to 0.13 nm. Spatial beam profiles with diameters up to 10 mm are imaged with 0.1 mm resolution. The setup is equipped with an in-vacuum translation stage that allows for in situ switching between the spectrometer and beam profiler modes and for moving the setup out of the beam. The simple, robust design of the device is well suited for non-intrusive routine characterization of emerging laboratory- and accelerator-based VUV light sources. Operation of the device is demonstrated by characterizing the output of a femtosecond high-order harmonic generation light source.

Kornilov, Oleg; Wilcox, Russell; Gessner, Oliver

2010-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

363

Optimal geometries and harmonic vibrational frequencies of the global minima of water clusters (H2O)n, n=2-6, and several hexamer local minima at the CCSD(T) level of theory  

SciTech Connect

We report the first optimum geometries and harmonic vibrational frequencies for the ring pentamer and several water hexamer (prism, cage, cyclic and two book) at the CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVDZ level of theory. All five hexamer isomer minima previously reported by MP2 are also minima on the CCSD(T) potential energy surface (PES). In addition, all CCSD(T) minimum energy structures for the n=2-6 cluster isomers are quite close to the ones previously obtained by MP2 on the respective PESs, as confirmed by a modified Procrustes analysis that quantifies the difference between any two cluster geometries. The CCSD(T) results confirm the cooperative effect of the homodromic ring networks (systematic contraction of the nearest-neighbor (nn) intermolecular separations with cluster size) previously reported by MP2, albeit with O-O distances shorter by ~0.02 , indicating that MP2 overcorrects this effect. The harmonic frequencies at the minimum geometries were obtained by the double differentiation of the CCSD(T) energy using an efficient scheme based on internal coordinates that reduces the number of required single point energy evaluations by ~15% when compared to the corresponding double differentiation using Cartesian coordinates. Negligible differences between MP2 and CCSD(T) are found for the librational modes, while uniform increases of ~15 and ~25 cm-1 are observed for the bending and free OH harmonic frequencies. The largest differences between MP2 and CCSD(T) are observed for the harmonic hydrogen bonded frequencies. The CCSD(T) red shifts from the monomer frequencies (??) are smaller than the MP2 ones, due to the fact that the former produces shorter elongations (?R) of the respective hydrogen bonded OH lengths from the monomer value with respect to the latter. Both the MP2 and CCSD(T) results for the hydrogen bonded frequencies were found to closely follow the relation - ?? = s ? ?R, with a rate of s = 20.3 cm-1 / 0.001 . The CCSD(T) harmonic frequencies, when corrected using the MP2 anharmonicities obtained from second order vibrational perturbation theory (VPT2), produce anharmonicCCSD(T) estimates that are within < 60 cm-1 from the measured infrared (IR) active bands of the n=2-6 clusters and furthermore trace the observed red shifts with respect to the monomer (??) quite accurately. The energetic order between the various hexamer isomers on the PES (prism has the lowest energy) previously reported at MP2 was found to be preserved at the CCSD(T) level, whereas the inclusion of anharmonic corrections further stabilizes the cage among the hexamer isomers.

Miliordos, Evangelos; Apra, Edoardo; Xantheas, Sotiris S.

2013-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

364

Pantex Regional Middle School Science Bowl | U.S. DOE Office...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Oldham, Parmer, Potter, Randall, Roberts, Sherman, and Swisher Date of Electric Car Competition: 4122014 Please contact the regional coordinator for more information on...

365

Harmonic engine - Energy Innovation Portal  

Solar Photovoltaic; Solar ... invention pursuant to Contract No. W-7405-ENG-48 between the United States Department of Energy and the University of California for the ...

366

Molecular diagnostics: harmonization through reference ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... GeT-RM: Genetic Testing Reference Materials Coordination Program; HSS: Department of Health and Human Services; IRMM: Institute for ...

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

367

Regional Cooperation and Harmonization on EESL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

能效标准、标识和认证 能效标准、标识和认证 区域协调与互认 李铁男, 研究员 国宏美亚(北京)工业节能减排技术促进中心 主任 ISO/TC 257 节能量 主席 国宏美亚(北京)工业节能减排技术促进中心 Center for Industrial Energy Efficiency (CIEE) 能效标准、标识和认证的作用 能效标准、标识和认证区域合作关注点与障碍 最佳实践:亚洲能效标准和标识/认证有效建立和实 施障碍消除项目(BRESL ) 建议 主要内容 国宏美亚(北京)工业节能减排技术促进中心 Center for Industrial Energy Efficiency (CIEE) 识别节能产品

368

Harmonization of CIM with IEC Standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI has sponsored development of a number of international standards that provide the basis for information exchange to support power system management. One of the most important is the Common Information Model (CIM), which is rapidly gaining acceptance throughout the world as a common semantic model to unify and integrate data from a myriad of systems involved in support of real-time electric utility operations. As its acceptance as the basis for information integration grows and areas of application e...

2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

369

Harmonizing Global Metrics for Data Center Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Example A: Data center with electric and natural gas (Co-generation) purchase o Cogeneration Input Fuel Assumption This taskforce has adopted the assumption that 67% of a...

370

Harmonic Air Motor - Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

Current Weather. Protocol Office. Where to stay. Tri-Valley Visitors Bureau. City of Livermore. Community. Our Community. Discovery Center. ... such ...

371

Conservation tillage production systems compared in San Joaquin Valley cotton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Manage- ment Survey. Conservation Tillage Data. Conserva-Developing information on conservation tillage pro- ductionin California. In: Proc Conservation Tillage 2002: Research

Mitchell, Jeffrey; Munk, Dan; Prys, Bob; Klonsky, Karen; Wroble, Jon; De Moura, Rich

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Biogas production Potential of Cotton Seed Cake and Rapeseed Cake.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A Thesis Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Degree of Master of (more)

Selamawit, Seyoum

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

D4, Second Harmonic Generation in a Metamaterial Resonating at ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A pair of ultra wide band dipole antennas was used as a transmitter and a receiver. ... C2, Measurement of Nanoscale External Quantum Efficiency of Plastic Solar ... D1, Tuning of Plasmonic Cavity Resonances Using Atomic Layer Deposition.

374

Campbell Soup Company: Harmonizing Processes and Empowering Workers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2007 Campbell Soup Company was implementing Project Harmony: a multi-year effort to implement SAP and create more standardized and integrated business processes across

Ross, Jeanne W.

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Best Approximation in the Mean by Analytic and Harmonic Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

* *ng the annihilator Ann (Hp) in Lq(T, d`)as Hq0= {f 2 Hq : f(0) = 0}, q = __p__pt-u1rns* * out is organized as follows. In Section 2we prove the exi* *stence of best approximations and characterize them

McCarthy, John E.

376

Harmonic approaches to non-intrusive load diagnostics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Non-Intrusive Load Monitor (NILM) is a system that monitors, records and processes voltage and current measurements to establish the operating characteristics of individual loads on a load center from a single aggregate ...

Fuller, Ashley E. (Ashley Eliot)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Harmon County, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5114°, -99.8124935° 5114°, -99.8124935° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.7305114,"lon":-99.8124935,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

378

Temperature-insensitive phase-matched optical harmonic conversion crystal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Temperature-insensitive, phase-matched harmomic frequency conversion of laser light at a preferred wavelength of 1.064 microns can be achieved by use of a crystal of deuterated l-arginine phosphate. The crystal is cut and oriented so that the laser light propagates inside the crystal along one of several required directions, which correspond to a temperature-insensitive, phase-matching locus. The method of measuring and calculating the temperature-insensitive, phase-matching angles can be extended to other fundamental wavelengths and other crystal compositions.

Barker, Charles E. (Sunnyvale, CA); Eimerl, David (Livermore, CA); Velsko, Stephan P. (Livermore, CA); Roberts, David (Sagamore Hills, OH)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

GyroSol Harmonic Engine - Home - Energy Innovation Portal  

existing HVAC system Fuel efficiency ~ 90% Payback < 1 year . 19 GyroSol engine can save lives.

380

NREL: Energy Analysis - Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Methodolog...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

factors qualitatively evaluated for nuclear, including uranium ore grade, primary source energy mix and LCA method. 3 The specific system boundary varied by study. By reducing the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Harmonizing Global Metrics for Data Center Energy Efficiency...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

expanded to provide measurement guidelines and next steps for three additional metrics; Green Energy Coefficient (GEC), Energy Reuse Factor (ERF), and Carbon Usage Effectiveness...

382

GyroSole Harmonic Engine and Power System  

This differs from the typical solar power photovoltaic-conversion of heat energy into electrical energy, ... (Residential Solar Thermal Power Plant), ...

383

Regulatory Harmonization and the Development of Private Equity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ensure that the financial statements of all listed companiestheir consolidated financial statements. The Dutch went one

Cumming, Douglas; Johan, Sofia

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Spherical Harmonic Analysis of a Model-Generated Climatology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monthly mean fields of 850 mb temperature (T850), 500 mb geopetential height (G500) and sea level pressure (SLP) were generated in the course of a 5-year climate simulation run with a global general circulation model. Both the model-generated ...

Zaphiris D. Christidis; Jerome Spar

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Flows and Decompositions of Games: Harmonic and Potential Games  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

142154, Washington, DC, USA, 2005. IEEE Computer Society. [15] G.H. Golub and C.F. Van Loan. Matrix computations. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

386

Predicting high harmonic ion cyclotron heating efficiency in Tokamak plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Observations of improved radio frequency (RF) heating efficiency in high-confinement (H-) mode plasmas on the National Spherical Tokamak Experiment (NSTX) are investigated by whole-device linear simulation. We present the first full-wave simulation to couple kinetic physics of the well confined core plasma to the poorly confined scrape-off plasma. The new simulation is used to scan the launched fast-wave spectrum and examine the steady-state electric wave field structure for experimental scenarios corresponding to both reduced, and improved RF heating efficiency. We find that launching toroidal wave-numbers that required for fast-wave propagation excites large amplitude (kVm 1 ) coaxial standing modes in the wave electric field between the confined plasma density pedestal and conducting vessel wall. Qualitative comparison with measurements of the stored plasma energy suggest these modes are a probable cause of degraded heating efficiency. Also, the H-mode density pedestal and fast-wave cutoff within the confined plasma allow for the excitation of whispering gallery type eigenmodes localised to the plasma edge.

Green, David L [ORNL; Jaeger, E. F. [XCEL; Berry, Lee A [ORNL; Chen, Guangye [ORNL; Ryan, Philip Michael [ORNL; Canik, John [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Spherical harmonic analysis and synthesis for global multiresolution ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

noble identities which are illustrated using the Z transform as follows: ??? ! .... search Grant to the first author on Multiresolution Analysis of. Inverse Problems in

388

Harmonic launching of ion Bernstein waves via mode transformation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ion Bernstein wave excitation and propagation via finite ion-Larmor-radium mode-transformation are investigated theoretically and experimentally. It is shown that in the ion cyclotron range of frequencies omega less than or equal to 4..cap omega../sub i/, with modest ion temperatures (T/sub i/ less than or equal to 10 eV), the finite-Larmor-radius effect removes the wave singularity at lower-hybrid resonance layer, enabling an externally initiated electron plasma wave to transform continuously into an ion Bernstein wave. In an ACT-1 hydrogen plasma (T/sub e/ approx. = 2.5 eV, T/sub i/ less than or equal to 2.0 eV), externally excited ion Bernstein waves have been observed for omega less than or equal to 2..cap omega../sub i/ as well as for omega less than or equal to 3..cap omega../sub i/. The finite ion-Larmor-radius mode transformation process resulting in strong ion Bernstein wave excitation has been experimentally verified. Detailed measurements of the wave dispersion relation and of the wave-packet trajectory show excellent agreement with theory. The dependence of the excited ion Bernstein wave on the antenna phasing, the plasma density, and on the neutral pressure (T/sub i/) is also investigated.

Ono, M.; Wong, K.L.; Wurden, G.A.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Wind LCA Harmonization (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(30% for land-based and 40% for offshore systems). 2. Operating lifetime of the wind turbine and its components (20 years). 3. System boundary. 4. Global warming potentials...

390

Beam Conditioning and Harmonic Generation in Free Electron Lasers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Meth. A 429, 243 (1999). LCLS Design Study Group, ReportFELs) such as Euro- XFEL and LCLS are to be devices whichproposed at Euro-XFEL or the LCLS, are designed to generate

Charman, A.E.; Penn, G.; Wolski, A.; Wurtele, J.S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Tidal flow over threedimensional topography generates outofforcingplane harmonics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy conversion from the barotropic to the baroclinic tide. The generation of internal waves by tidal, a significant amount of the energy converted from barotropic to baroclinic tides can be generated perpendicular of a sphere, J. Fluid Mech., 183, 439­450. Baines, P. G. (2007), Internal tide generation by seamounts, Deep

Texas at Austin. University of

392

NREL: Energy Analysis - Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Results...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

image Published Results The published life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) estimates for hydropower, ocean, geothermal, biopower, solar (crystalline silicon photovoltaic, thin...

393

Harmonization of Energy Generation Life Cycle Assessments (LCA...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 kgmmBTU to 33 kgmmBTU and 45 gmmBTU to 65 gmmBTU for soybean biodiesel and corn grain ethanol, respectively. There is also no consistency between the magnitude of...

394

Novel Control and Harmonics Impact of PV Solar Farms.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a novel application of Photovoltaic (PV) solar system inverter, both during night and day, as a dynamic reactive power compensator STATCOM. This (more)

Das, Byomakesh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Premixed flame kinematics in a harmonically oscillating velocity field .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Air pollution regulations have driven modern power generation systems to move from diffusion to premixed combustion. However, these premixed combustion systems are prone to combustion (more)

Shin, Dong-hyuk

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Effect of harmonic forcing on turbulent flame properties .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Lean premixed combustors are highly susceptible to combustion instabilities, caused by the coupling between heat release fluctuations and combustor acoustics. In order to predict the (more)

Thumuluru, Sai Kumar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

GyroSole Harmonic Engine and Power System  

Current Weather. Protocol Office. Where to stay. Tri-Valley Visitors ... This differs from the typical solar power photovoltaic-conversion of heat ...

398

LIGHTS: Laboratory for Information Globalization and Harmonization Technologies and Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three important trends - unrelenting globalization, growing worldwide electronic connectivity, and increasing knowledge intensity of economic activity - are creating new opportunities for global politics, with challenging ...

Choucri, Nazli

2004-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

399

Data:419b694c-81dc-4039-a17a-218247c7410a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b694c-81dc-4039-a17a-218247c7410a b694c-81dc-4039-a17a-218247c7410a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Harmon Electric Assn Inc Effective date: 2008/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Special Cotton Gin ,Three-Phase Sector: Commercial Description: * Available to customers within the Association' service area for ginning cotton. Source or reference: Rate binder # 4 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category:

400

Microsoft Word - 06-22-09 FINAL ECAT Comments on OMB Recovery...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and cotton "acquisitions of incidental amounts of cotton, other natural fibers, or wool incorporated in an end product, for which the estimated value of the cotton, other...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Conservation tillage and cover cropping influence soil properties in San Joaquin Valley cotton-tomato crop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2006 147 TREATMENTS CTCC: conservation tillage, covercrop CTNO: conservation tillage only STCC: standard tillage,1.24bc 1.35d * CTCC = conservation tillage, cover crop; CTNO

Veenstra, Jessica; Horwath, William; Mitchell, Jeffrey; Munk, Dan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Conservation tillage systems for cotton advance in the San Joaquin Valley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consistently shown that conservation tillage can yield asCA. p 17586. With conservation tillage a crop is seeded9. [CCTCSW] Californias Conservation Tillage and Cropping

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Atmospheric Response to a Partial Solar Eclipse over a Cotton Field in Central California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The partial solar eclipse on 11 July 1991 in central California, with 58.3% maximum coverage, provided an exceptional opportunity to study the temporal response of processes in the atmospheric boundary layer to an abrupt change in solar ...

Matthias Mauder; R. L. Desjardins; Steven P. Oncley; Ian MacPherson

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

"Hypermedia Applications: Education" Bob Cotton and Richard Oliver, Understanding Hypermedia. London  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the primacy of the written word has come from its more esoteric cousin, the mathematical expression. Both

405

Farmers' perception of precision technology: The case of autosteer adoption by cotton farmers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precision agriculture and autosteer technology are, overall, profitable investments for farmers, as previous literature has established. However, what has not been investigated is whether or not farmers perceive these technologies as such. This research ... Keywords: Autosteer, Farmers' perception, Input cost saving, MNL, Multinomial logit estimation, PA, Precision agriculture, RTK, SCPF, Technology adoption

Jeremy M. D'Antoni; Ashok K. Mishra; Hyunjeong Joo

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Cotton Gin Compost As An Alternative Substrate For Horticultural Crop Production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nursery and greenhouse vegetable growers are always concerned about the availability and cost of materials used as substrates in their production systems. In recent years, (more)

JACKSON, BRIAN

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Large-Scale Utilization of Saline Groundwater for Irrigation of Pistachios Interplanted with Cotton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the better areas. The Belridge Water District in westernof drip tape SDI with typical Belridge Water District cottonlarge-scale grower in the Belridge Water District of NW Kern

Sanden, Blake; Ferguson, Louise; Kallsen, Craig E.; Marsh, Brian; Hutmacher, Robert B.; Corwin, Dennis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

An Analysis of the INFFC Cotton Futures Time Series: Lower Bounds and Testbed Design Recommendations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

forecasting ranging from option pricing (Hutchinson et al. [1994]), corporate bond rating (Moody and Utans. Consequently, financial markets forecasting models consider incomplete information, while factors not included]). A serious drawback in comparing different financial markets forecasting techniques is a lack of standard

Obradovic, Zoran

409

Conservation tillage and cover cropping influence soil properties in San Joaquin Valley cotton-tomato crop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STNO Fertilizer Cover crop Total Harvest Balance . . . . . .conservation tillage, cover crop CTNO: conservation tillagestandard tillage, cover crop STNO: standard tillage only

Veenstra, Jessica; Horwath, William; Mitchell, Jeffrey; Munk, Dan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

ABSTRACT: The effect of the cotton storage trisaccharide raf-finose and cottonseed storage protein (CSP) in combination on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(CSP) in combination on aflatoxin production by Aspergillus flavus was investigated. The ability and CSP was the sole nitrogen source, aflatoxin levels were stimulated up to fourfold above those or raffinose was capable of providing accessible carbon to A. flavus. Raffi- nose and CSP in developing

Cotty, Peter J.

411

Ethanol production of semi-simultaneous saccharification and fermentation from mixture of cotton gin waste and recycled paper sludge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4 ORIGINAL PAPER Ethanol production of semi-simultaneousAbstract Ethanol production from the steam-exploded mixtureperiod during ethanol production of SSF from the mixture.

Shen, Jiacheng; Agblevor, Foster A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Government Policy, Housing, and the Origins of Securitization, 1780 - 1968  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sell cotton in Russia, wheat and flour in the Philippines,government of China to buy wheat, flour, and cotton (Nourse,

Quinn, Sarah Lehman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances,Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP). Availableof energy efficiency test standards and regulations in APEC

Wiel, Stephen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

BFlavor: A harmonized approach to media resource adaptation, inspired by MPEG-21 BSDL and XFlavor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During recent years, several tools have been developed that allow the automatic generation of XML descriptions containing information about the syntax of binary media resources. Such a bitstream syntax description (BSD) can then be transformed to reflect ... Keywords: BFlavor, Content adaptation, H.264/AVC, MPEG-21 BSDL, Multimedia, SEI messages, Sub-sequences, Temporal scalability, XFlavor

Wesley De Neve; Davy Van Deursen; Davy De Schrijver; Sam Lerouge; Koen De Wolf; Rik Van de Walle

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Efforts to Harmonize Gas Pipeline Operations with the Demands of the Electricity Sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A possible future course of action is for pipelines to continue their efforts to provide new services with FERC approval. Over time, pipelines could satisfy power generators by giving them the flexibility and services they desire and for which they are willing to pay. Another possibility is that FERC will enact new rules governing regional electricity markets that would function similarly to nationwide business practices. (author)

Costello, Ken

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

A Harmonic Approach for Calculating Daily Temperature Normals Constrained by Homogenized Monthly Temperature Normals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NOAA released the new 19812010 climate normals in July 2011. These included monthly and daily normals of minimum and maximum temperature. Monthly normals were computed from monthly temperature values that were corrected for biases (i.e., ...

Anthony Arguez; Scott Applequist

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

A Fast Spherical Harmonics Transform for Global NWP and Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Very high-resolution spectral transform models are believed to become prohibitively expensive because of the relative increase in computational cost of the Legendre transforms compared to the gridpoint computations. This article describes the ...

Nils P. Wedi; Mats Hamrud; George Mozdzynski

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Ionization and absorption effects in high-order harmonic generation in gas-filled hollow fibers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and dkq n ~u! qdKn ~u! being the phase-mismatch compo- nents due to the dispersion of the gas, waveguide! involved in Eq. ~10! depends not only on gas dispersion, but also on the dispersion of waveguide modes by the dispersion and absorption of a gas medium rather than by the parameters of the fiber itself. In other words

von der Linde, D.

419

Pressure control of phase matching in high-order harmonic generation in hollow fibers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

can compensate for the phase mismatch that is due to gas dispersion, thus substantially improving to the dispersion of gas, waveguide, and electrons, respectively. Note that the first two components contribute)] involved in Eq. (15) de- pends not only on gas dispersion but also on dispersion of waveguide modes

von der Linde, D.

420

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M xico Sello FIDE USA Energy Star & Green Seal Comparativelabel. Sello FIDE Energy Star Green Seal Manufacturersand applying the Energy Star logos. Green Seal Voluntary.

Wiel, Stephen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A fast spherical harmonics transform for global NWP and climate models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Very high resolution spectral transform models are believed to become prohibitively expensive, due to the relative increase in computational cost of the Legendre transforms compared to the gridpoint computations. This article describes the ...

Nils P. Wedi; Mats Hamrud; George Mozdzynski

422

Reduced-Reference Video Quality Assessment using Discriminative Local Harmonic Strength with Motion Consideration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gunawan,I.P. Ghanbari,M. Accepted for publication in the IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology IEEE

Gunawan, I.P.

423

An Omniscient Scheduling Oracle for Systems with Harmonic Periods Alia Atlas and Azer Bestavros  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the characteristics of task solvers and providers as well as the process of offering jobs. Based on this analysis and limitations for companies applying Pico-Jobs. The article contributes a new concept for conducting open #12 and structured tasks which cannot be solved automatically that we call Pico-Jobs. In this paper a new method

Texas at Arlington, University of

424

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Equipment Energy Efficiency Committee. Available fromE. McMahon. 2001. Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: ALloyd. 1999. Review of energy efficiency test standards and

Wiel, Stephen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Abstract --The harmonic balance method is a frequency domain analysis technique for simulating the large signal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the LO and RF, depending on the application. VCC VRF VLO VDC RL C Vout f LO f RF f IF f RF f LO­= f RF f

Dutton, Robert W.

426

Harmonization of Utility Common Information Model (CIM) with other IEC Power System Management Standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI has sponsored the development of a number of international standards which provide the basis for information exchange to support power system management. One of the most important is the Common Information Model (CIM), which is rapidly gaining acceptance throughout the world as a common semantic model to unify and integrate the data from a myriad of systems involved in support of real-time electric utility operations. As its acceptance as the basis for information integration grows and areas of appl...

2007-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

427

Does India need to harmonize the law of patent exhaustion and parallel imports?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The amendment of patent law of India in 2005 to fulfill her international obligation under the TRIPS Agreement (World Trade Organization Agreement on Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights) was an outcome of an attempt to balance the competing interests ... Keywords: TRIPS Agreement, exclusive rights exhaustion, national, parallel imports, regional and international exhaustion

Rajnish Kumar Rai

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Simulation of High-Harmonic Fast-Wave Heating on the National Spherical Tokamak Experiment  

SciTech Connect

Images associated with radio-frequency heating of low-confinement mode plasmas in the National Spherical Tokamak Experiment, as calculated by computer simulation, are presented. The AORSA code has been extended to simulate the whole antenna-to-plasma heating system by including both the kinetic physics of the well-confined core plasma and a poorly confined scrape-off plasma and vacuum vessel structure. The images presented show the 3-D electric wave field amplitude for various antenna phasings. Visualization of the simulation results in 3-D makes clear that -30 degrees phasing excites kilo-volt per meter coaxial standing modes in the scrape-off plasma and shows magnetic-field-aligned whispering-gallery type modes localized to the plasma edge.

Green, David L [ORNL; Jaeger, Erwin Frederick [ORNL; Chen, Guangye [ORNL; Berry, Lee A [ORNL; Pugmire, Dave [ORNL; Canik, John [ORNL; Ryan, Philip Michael [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

MAGNETIC MEASUREMENT SYSTEM FOR HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF LBL SSC MODEL DIPOLES AND QUADRUPOLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Office of High Energy and Nuclear Physics, High EnergyOffice of High Energy and Nuclear Physics, High Energy

Green, M.I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Higher Fourier Harmonics of the Directional Distribution of an Equilibrium Wave Field under Steady Wind Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, directional wave spectra have been obtained by applying the two-dimensional fast Fourier transform (2D FFT) to the three-dimensional spatial topography of ocean surface waves collected by an airborne scanning laser ranging system during ...

David W. Wang; Paul A. Hwang

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

A Dynamical Core with Double Fourier Series: Comparison with the Spherical Harmonics Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dynamical core of a general circulation model with the spectral method using double Fourier series (DFS) as basis functions is presented. The model uses the hydrostatic balance approximation and sigma coordinate system in the vertical direction ...

Hyeong-Bin Cheong

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Harmonization and Sharing of Data from International Fuel Cell Bus Demonstrations (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation, which was given by NREL's Leslie Eudy at the 2006 Fuel Cell Seminar, provides information on international fuel cell bus demonstrations.

Eudy, L.

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

Harmonic control of multiple-stator induction machines for voltage regulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Small, one to a few horsepower, three-phase induction machines with three sets of electrically-isolated, magnetically-coupled stator winding circuits are described. A voltage inverter is developed and used to drive one set ...

Holloway, Jack Wade, 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

annual running costs. USA Energy Guide Program: Energy (kWh/EnerGuide) Mxico USA (Energy Guide) Mandatory labels:

Wiel, Stephen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

FERMI @ Elettra -- A Seeded Harmonic Cascade FEL for EUV and Soft X-rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

laser systems for a FEL user facility, M.B Danailov, F. .will be the first user facility based on seeded harmonicsystem intended for a user facility that is operated on a

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

An Enhanced GINGER Simulation Code with Harmonic Emission and HDF5 IO Capabilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S. Reiche. I also thank the LCLS project of?ce at SLAC for ?1 (2004); see also http://www- ssrl.slac.stanford.edu/lcls/lcls tech notes.html/LCLS-TN- 04-3.pdf . [2] National Center

Fawley, William M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Joint estimation and correction of geometric distortions for EPI functional MRI using harmonic retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses applied spatial variations in the magnetic field to encode spatial position. Therefore, nonuniformities in the main magnetic field can cause image distortions. In order to correct the ...

Nguyen, Hien M.

438

Harmonizing the International Electrotechnical Commission Common Information Model (CIM) and 61850  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has sponsored the development of a number of international standards that provide the basis for information exchange to support power system management. One of the most important standards is the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Common Information Model (CIM), which is rapidly gaining acceptance throughout the world as a common semantic model to unify and integrate the data from numerous systems involved in the support of real-time electric util...

2010-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

439

Adaptation of Classical Tidal Harmonic Analysis to Nonstationary Tides, with Application to River Tides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the most challenging areas in tidal analysis is the study of nonstationary signals with a tidal component, as they confront both current analysis methods and dynamical understanding. A new analysis tool has been developed, NS_TIDE, adapted ...

Pascal Matte; David A. Jay; Edward D. Zaron

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Estimating the Integrated Likelihood via Posterior Simulation Using the Harmonic Mean Identity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the situation where, roughly speaking, the level-w contour of the likelihood function has the form ^ +anwr S

Washington at Seattle, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Estimating the Integrated Likelihood via Posterior Simulation Using the Harmonic Mean Identity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the likelihood function has the form ^ + anwr S, where ^ is the maximum likelihood estimator, r > 0 is a constant

Washington at Seattle, University of

442

Second Harmonic Generation and Confined Acoustic Phonons in Highly Excited Semiconductor Nanocrystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spherical and the rod-shape CdSe nanocrystals. Figure 6. (dependence of the oscillation in CdSe nanocrystals. (B) Pumpamplitude in spherical CdSe nanocrystals. F.1 F.2 F.3 F.4

Son, Dong Hee; Wittenberg, Joshua S.; Banin, Uri; Alivisatos, A. Paul

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Achromatic phase-matching second harmonic generation for a tunable laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical system uses a nonlinear optical medium to alter the frequency of a relatively narrow band light source tunable over a plurality of different frequencies using an optical system for passively directing light to the nonlinear medium at a correct phase matching angle. In this manner, the light from the tunable light source can be efficiently frequency-doubled or frequency-tripled without the need of moving parts. An all prism design provides a system of optimal efficiency. 6 figs.

Jacobson, A.G.; Bisson, S.; Trebino, R.

1998-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

444

Achromatic phase-matching second harmonic generation for a tunable laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical system uses a nonlinear optical medium to alter the frequency of a relatively narrow band light source tunable over a plurality of different frequencies using an optical system for passively directing light to the nonlinear medium at a correct phase matching angle. In this manner, the light from the tunable light source can be efficiently frequency-doubled or frequency-tripled without the need of moving parts. An all prism design provides a system of optimal efficiency.

Jacobson, Alexander Gerson (Danville, CA); Bisson, Scott (Livermore, CA); Trebino, Rick (Livermore, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L mc ,S m L ve ** ,S m Dishwashers L mc ,L ve ,S m L mc ,LClothes washers Clothes washers and dryers DishwashersDishwashers Fluorescent lamp ballasts Fluorescent lamp

Wiel, Stephen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

The Vector Harmonic Transform Method for Solving Partial Differential Equations in Spherical Geometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of computational methods for solving partial differential equations in spherical geometry is complicated by problems induced by the spherical coordinate system itself. Even though the solution is smooth in Cartesian coordinates, ...

Paul N. Swarztrauber

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Quantum dephasing of a two-state system by a nonequilibrium harmonic oscillator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we investigate coherent quantum dynamics in a nonequilibrium environment. We focus on a two-state quantum system strongly coupled to a single classical environmental oscillator, and explore the effect of nonstationary statistical properties of the oscillator on the quantum evolution. A simple nonequilibrium model, consisting of an oscillator with a well-defined initial phase which undergoes subsequent diffusion, is introduced and studied. Approximate but accurate analytic expressions for the evolution of the off-diagonal density matrix element of the quantum system are derived in the second-order cumulant approximation. The effect of the initial phase choice on the subsequent quantum evolution is quantified. It is observed that the initial phase can have a significant effect on the preservation of coherence on short time scales, suggesting this variable as a control parameter for optimizing coherence in many-body quantum systems.

Martens, Craig C. [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, California 92697-2025 (United States)

2013-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

448

Two-Dimensional Radiative Transfer in Cloudy Atmospheres: The Spherical Harmonic Spatial Grid Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new two-dimensional monochromatic method that computes the transfer of solar or thermal radiation through atmospheres with arbitrary optical properties is described. The model discretizes the radiative transfer equation by expanding the angular ...

K. Franklin Evans

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Two photon absorption and third harmonic generation micro- spectroscopy : hemoglobin and other compounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Colored glass filters ( Corning UG-11) were used to blockand colored glass filters (Corning BG-39) were used to blockcolored glass filters (Corning UG-11) were used to block all

Clay, Gabriel Omar

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Progress in Large Period Multilayer Coatings for High Harmonic and Solar Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work was supported by Director, Office of Science,Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and

Aquila, Andrew

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Quasi-Harmonic Method For Studying Very Low Frequency Modes In Proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-energy function for the virtual-bond model is then expressed as 1 ~, K~(bi_b~)2+l_ .~_, Ki(Oi_Oio)2E(R) = ~ vi

452

The effects of supply harmonics on the performance of compact fluorescent lamps  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a performance evaluation of ten compact fluorescent lighting systems operated with sinusoidal and distorted voltage waveform conditions. The lamps were either provided with an electronic ballast, a magnetic core ballast or a magnetic core ballast with a power factor correction circuit. The test results show that the electrical performance of the compact fluorescent lamps for both sinusoidal and distorted voltage waveform operation is related to the different types of ballast used. The cost of operation of these compact fluorescent lamps was calculated and compared to the cost of a conventional 60 W incandescent lamp.

Arseneau, R.; Ouellette, M.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Improving National and Homeland Security through a proposed Laboratory for Information Globalization and Harmonization Technologies (LIGHT)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A recent National Research Council study found that: "Although there are many private and public databases that contain information potentially relevant to counter terrorism programs, they lack the ...

Choucri, Nazli

2004-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

454

Improving National and Homeland Security through a proposed Laboratory for nformation Globalization and Harmonization Technologies (LIGHT)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A recent National Research Council study found that: "Although there are many private and public databases that contain information potentially relevant to counter terrorism programs, they lack the ...

Choucri, Nazli

2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

455

Comment on "Strongly interacting one-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensates in harmonic traps"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A recent paper of Tanatar and Erkan [Phys. Rev. A 62, 053601 (2000)] discusses a density functional approach to the impenetrable point Bose gas in one dimension and an equation for the order parameter of the system, due originally to Kolomeisky et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1146 (2000)], is derived. We comment on the regime of validity of such a model and on qualitative differences between predictions of the density functional approach and known exact results.

M. D. Girardeau; E. M. Wright

2000-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

456

Data:A28606df-43b5-40dd-8f64-6ab6b7ed51bc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

606df-43b5-40dd-8f64-6ab6b7ed51bc 606df-43b5-40dd-8f64-6ab6b7ed51bc No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Harmon Electric Assn Inc Effective date: 2008/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Special Cotton Gin ,Single-Phase Sector: Commercial Description: * Available to customers within the Association' service area for ginning cotton. Source or reference: Rate binder # 4 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category:

457

An analysis of the level of trust texas cotton producers place in the texas newspaper media: a qualitative determination of the behavioral characteristics of trust.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Newspapers have long played a role in providing information to a wide-range of audiences. Newspapers offer a well-known mode of communication for a variety of (more)

Foster, Jerod W

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

The use of multi-temporal MODIS images with ground data to distinguish cotton from maize and sorghum fields in smallholder agricultural landscapes of Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, we test whether we can significantly p Gossypium hirsutum L. fields from maize Zea mays L. and sorghum Sorghum ...

Mbulisi Sibanda; Amon Murwira

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Radial-fit bolts save millions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Radial Fit Coupling Bolt, developed by Pilgrim International in Oldham, England, is a device for coupling turbine shafts. It has been available for more than six years, and has now completed a full outage cycle. Bolts removed during a routine service outage at two nuclear power stations were undamaged, and could not only be reused but each reinstalled in minutes. Several power stations in England and the US which installed radial fit coupling bolts to turbines five years ago are now finding dramatic savings in outage costs, through the greater ease of separation and reassembly of turbine shafts, and the reusability of the bolts. 2 figs.

Jeffs, E.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Unsteady Analysis of a Counter-Rotating Aspirated Compressor Using Phase-Lag and Non-Linear Harmonic Methods.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An analysis of the MIT counter-rotating aspirated compressor (CRAC) has been conducted using two different 3D viscid turbulent unsteady solvers. The Turbo phase-lag time accurate (more)

Knapke, Robert D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

DESIGN, FABRICATION, AND CALIBRATION OF A CRYOGENIC SEARCH-COIL ARRAY FOR HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF OUADRUPOLE MAGNETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

826fVersamid 140. Th. layup was weighted/clamped uniformlyrequired diameter. A dry layup vas made vith all the coils

Green, M.I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

A Direct Inverse Method for Inferring Open Boundary Conditions of a Finite-Element Linear Harmonic Ocean Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A direct inverse method is presented for inferring numerical model open boundary conditions from interior observational data. The dynamical context of the method is the frequency-domain 3D linear shallow water equations. A set of weight matrices ...

Zhigang Xu

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Harmonic generation by reflecting internal waves Bruce Rodenborn, D. Kiefer, H. P. Zhang, and Harry L. Swinney  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of internal waves," J. Fluid Mech. 390, 271 1999 . 17 P. Puig, A. Palanques, J. Guillen, and M. El Khatab

Texas at Austin. University of

464

Performance study of a soft X-ray harmonic generation FEL seeded with an EUV laser pulse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

28th International Free Electron Laser Conference (FEL06),26th International Free Electron Laser Conference (FEL04),on the Free Electron Laser Theory and Related Topics, World

Gullans, M.; Wurtele, J.S.; Penn, G.; Zholents, A.A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Physics Experiments and Abstract Harmonic Analysis: A Generalized Peano Kernel Theorem for Estimating Errors in Laser Interferometry  

SciTech Connect

This slide-show discusses the use of the Local Polynomial Approximation (LPA) to smooth signals from photonic Doppler velocimetry (PDV) applying a generalized Peano kernel theorem.

Luttman, A.

2012-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

466

DESIGN, FABRICATION, AND CALIBRATION OF A CRYOGENIC SEARCH-COIL ARRAY FOR HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF OUADRUPOLE MAGNETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Office of High Energy and Nuclear Physics, High EnergyOffice of High Energy and Nuclear Physics, High Energy

Green, M.I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Real-Time Imaging of Two-Dimensional Cardiac Strain Using a Harmonic Phase Magnetic Resonance Imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

myocardial func- tion during stress tests with free breathing. It was previously shown that standard tag-tracking

Atalar, Ergin

468

Characterization of Domain Ordering in Polymer and Dendrimer Thin Films Using Photoluminescence and Third Harmonic Generation (THG)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

semiconductive polymers and dendrimeric materials for use in sensors, light emitting diodes, displays, and solar

Cohen, Ronald C.

469

Nanoscopic interchain aggregate domain formation in conjugated polymer films studied by third harmonic generation near-field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- emitting diodes LEDs ,1­4 photodiodes,5 photovoltaics,6 and large-area displays.7,8 The optimization polymers present many potential optoelec- tronic applications, including use in devices such as light

Cohen, Ronald C.

470

GMOs in animal agriculture: time to consider both costs and benefits in regulatory evaluations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

81%), corn (35%), and canola (30%) crops grown globally areGE corn, soybean, cotton, canola, wheat, potato, alfalfa,Soybeans Maize (Corn) Cotton Canola Page 9 of 14 animal feed

Van Eenennaam, Alison L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Tunable wavelength soft photoionization of ionic liquid vapors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

high order harmonic generation source producing ultrafasthigh order harmonic generation light source. The combined PEorder harmonic generation EUV source, photoelectrons are

Strasser, Daniel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

India to allow cotton exports from November | 29 September 2010 | www.commodityonline.com http://www.commodityonline.com/news/India-to-allow-cotton-exports-from-November-32138-3-1.html[9/29/2010 8:15:53 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

chain--raw material and component producers, product assemblers, wholesalers, retailer merchants" certification, woody biomass for fuel energy, competition for wood inputs between biofuels and traditional wood increased research into developing of renewable fuels. Although first-generation biofuels are dependent

Rock, Chris

473

Effect of Nanometer-Sized Titanium Dioxide on the Piezodielectric ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Carbon fiber sulphoaluminate cement composites prepared by ... Electrical Resistance Investigation of Cotton Fabrics After Treating with...

474

Vol.15 No.1 JULY 2011 ISSN:1174-3646 Earthquake Hazard Centre Newsletter, Vol. 15 No. 1, July 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The preparation involved adhering cotton canvas to a plywood wall surface with polymer gel and gesso, impregnating

Frean, Marcus

475

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glassplate, Glassware, Gloucester, gold, Good, goods, cotton, nontextile, textile, wool, grade, Gramercy, Grand, Grande, Grant, Great, Greece, Green, Greenland,...

476

Pegasus plow  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Pagasus plow is a new implement for one-pass cotton plowdown. The Pagasus is unique in that it is capable of burying the whole cotton stalk without shredding. A very simple and reliable machine, the Pagasus gives the cotton farmer the option of using controlled traffic tillage without sacrificing good residue burial of easy machine maintenance.

Thacker, G.W.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

FACE: Free-Air CO{sub 2} Enrichment for plant research in the field  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Research programs concerning the effects of Carbon Dioxide(CO){sub 2} on cotton plants are described. Biological responses studied include foliage response to CO{sub 2} fluctuations; yield of cotton exposed to CO{sub 2} enrichment; responses of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance to elevated CO{sub 2} in field-grown cotton; cotton leaf and boll temperatures; root response to CO{sub 2} enrichment; and evaluations of cotton response to CO{sub 2} enrichment with canopy reflectance observations.

Hendrey, G.R. [ed.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

FACE: Free-Air CO[sub 2] Enrichment for plant research in the field  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Research programs concerning the effects of Carbon Dioxide(CO)[sub 2] on cotton plants are described. Biological responses studied include foliage response to CO[sub 2] fluctuations; yield of cotton exposed to CO[sub 2] enrichment; responses of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance to elevated CO[sub 2] in field-grown cotton; cotton leaf and boll temperatures; root response to CO[sub 2] enrichment; and evaluations of cotton response to CO[sub 2] enrichment with canopy reflectance observations.

Hendrey, G.R. (ed.)

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Response of the Separated Western Boundary Current to Harmonic and Stochastic Wind Stress Variations in a 1.5-Layer Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A time-dependent version of the Parsons model (geostrophic 1.5-layer model of the ventilated thermocline) has been developed to investigate the response of the midlatitude ocean to wind stress variations in a simple configuration. In this model, ...

J. Sirven

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

IEEE IAS Annual Meeting, Oct. 6-10, 1996, San Diego, CA, pp. 2333-2339 Survey of Harmonics Measurements in Electrical Distribution Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be 1.0 [7]. Form Factor I I RMS _ = 1 (5) Symmetrical components is a mathematical tool used to analyze of several buildings in the three Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge plants in Tennessee has yielded), variable frequency drives, switch mode power supplies, and uninterruptible power supplies. A discussion

Tolbert, Leon M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "harmon oldham cotton" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current