2007-01-08T23:59:59.000Z
CHAPTER 2. Inequalities. In this section we add the axioms describe the behavior of inequal- ities (the order axioms) to the list of axioms begun in Chapter 1.
cbailey
2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Inequalities can be expressed in the following three ways. 1. With an inequality symbol ) , , ,(?. ?. 2. With a number line graph. 3. Using interval notation.
cbailey
2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Inequalities can be expressed in the following three ways. 1. With an inequality symbol ) , , ,(?. ?. 2. With a number line graph. 3. Using interval notation.
Explaining households' economic hardship -an interplay of demography and housing system
Birmingham, University of
Explaining households' economic hardship - an interplay of demography and housing system Paper on research conducted in the EU 7th Framework Program DEMHOW Demographic Change and Housing Wealth (Grant. Demography and housing in the two-level model..............................................................6
Inequality and Equity, Overview
Appelbaum, Richard P.
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
political science urban inequality as a result of economicU, architecture and ICT and inequality; housing, urban andcrime U UCSB geography GIS UCSB sociology urban inequality
Junior Mini Medical School Program Gross...Seriously Gross
of middle school students in the fields of science and medicine. They give kids who may be curious about at the University of Iowa. The University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine Mini Medical School programs openJunior Mini Medical School Program Gross...Seriously Gross UI Gross Anatomy The University of Iowa
4, 30893121, 2007 Gross community
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Gross community production and metabolic balance in the South Pacific Gyre, using a non intrusive bio describe a non-intrusive bio-optical method to quantify the various terms of a production budget (Gross
Tusnady's inequality revisited
Carter, Andrew V; Pollard, David
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
32 111–131. TUSNÁDY’S INEQUALITY REVISITED M AJOR , P. (Statistics, 2004 TUSNÁDY’S INEQUALITY REVISITED B Y A NDREWYale University Tusnády’s inequality is the key ingredient
Inequality, Coalitions and Collective Action
Bardhan, Pranab; Singh, Nirvikar
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Paper No. E04-339 Inequality, Coalitions and CollectiveSanta Cruz Keywords: inequality, self-enforcing, collectivecoalitions) and underlying inequality in the distribution of
Inequality, Coalitions and Collective Action
Bardhan, Pranab; Singh, Nirvikar
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Inequality, Coalitions and Collective Action Pranab K.coalitions) and underlying inequality in the distribution ofO10, P0 Key Words: inequality, self-enforcing, collective
Gross decontamination experiment report
Mason, R.; Kinney, K.; Dettorre, J.; Gilbert, V.
1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
A Gross Decontamination Experiment was conducted on various levels and surfaces of the TMI - Unit 2 reactor building in March 1982. The polar crane, D-rings, missile shields, refueling canals, refueling bridges, equipment, and elevations 305' and 347'-6'' were flushed with low pressure water. Additionally, floor surfaces on elevation 305' and floor surfaces and major pieces of equipment on elevation 347'-6'' were sprayed with high pressure water. Selective surfaces were decontaminated with a mechanical scrubber and chemicals. Strippable coating was tested and evaluated on equipment and floor surfaces. The effectiveness, efficiency, and safety of several decontamination techniques were established for the large, complex decontamination effort. Various decontamination equipment was evaluated and its effectiveness was documented. Decontamination training and procedures were documented and evaluated, as were the support system and organization for the experiment.
Mitroi, F C
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this paper is to present some new Fejer-type results for convex functions. Improvements of Young's inequality (the arithmetic-geometric mean inequality) and other applications to special means are pointed as well.
Democracy, Redistribution and Inequality
Acemoglu, Daron
2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we revisit the relationship between democracy, redistribution and inequality. We first explain the theoretical reasons why democracy is expected to increase redistribution and reduce inequality, and why this ...
Monthly Natural Gas Gross Production Report
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
Report Monthly Natural Gas Gross Production Report Data Files Methodology and Analysis Form and Instructions Monthly Natural Gas Gross Production Report with data for February 2015...
Chebotarev, Pavel
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
For a weighted multidigraph, let $f_{ij}$ be the total weight of spanning converging forests that have vertex $i$ in a tree converging to $j$. We prove that $f_{ij}f_{jk}=f_{ik}f_{jj}$ if and only if every directed path from $i$ to $k$ contains $j$ (a graph bottleneck equality). Otherwise, $f_{ij}f_{jk}inequality). In a companion paper, this inequality provides the foundation for the construction of a new family of graph distances by ensuring the fulfillment of the triangle inequality. This stems from the fact that the graph bottleneck inequality is a multiplicative analogue of the triangle inequality for proximities.
Beyond Ethnicity: African Protests in an Age of Inequality
Mueller, Lisa
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Tolerance for Inequality . . . . . . . . . . . CollectiveInequality inDoes Inequality Cause Conflict in
Patrick Devlin
2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z
1. MA 15300 Lesson 15. Inequality: - a statement that two quantities or expressions are not necessarily equal. - an inequality can be expressed using any of the ...
Emotion Regulation JAMES J. GROSS
Gross, James J.
CHAPTER 31 ·Emotion Regulation JAMES J. GROSS Have you ever gotten so angry that you've done). Although the topic of emotion regulation is a relatively late addition to the field of emotion, a concern with emotion regulation is anything but new. Emotion regu lation has been a focus in the study of psycho
Classical exponential inequalities Main results
Bercu, Bernard
on left or on right A keystone lemma New exponential inequalities 3 Statistical application B. Bercu and A results Heavy on left or on right A keystone lemma New exponential inequalities 3 Statistical application~na's inequalities 2 Main results Heavy on left or on right A keystone lemma New exponential inequalities 3
Clive Emary; Neill Lambert; Franco Nori
2014-01-30T23:59:59.000Z
In contrast to the spatial Bell's inequalities, which probe entanglement between spatially-separated systems, the Leggett-Garg inequalities test the correlations of a single system measured at different times. Violation of a genuine Leggett-Garg test implies either the absence of a realistic description of the system or the impossibility of measuring the system without disturbing it. Quantum mechanics violates the inequalities on both accounts and the original motivation for these inequalities was as a test for quantum coherence in macroscopic systems. The last few years has seen a number of experimental tests and violations of these inequalities in a variety of microscopic systems such as superconducting qubits, nuclear spins, and photons. In this article, we provide an introduction to the Leggett-Garg inequalities and review these latest experimental developments. We discuss important topics such as the significance of the non-invasive measurability assumption, the clumsiness loophole, and the role of weak measurements. Also covered are some recent theoretical proposals for the application of Leggett-Garg inequalities in quantum transport, quantum biology and nano-mechanical systems.
Review: Eating Together: Food, Friendship, and Inequality
Laberge, Yves
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Food, Friendship, and Inequality By Alice P. Julier ReviewedFood, Friendship, and Inequality. Champaign, IL: UniversityFood, Friendship, and Inequality, sociologist Alice P.
Mapping global health inequalities: challenges and opportunities
Tugwell, Peter; Robinson, Vivian; Morris, Erin
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
M.P. (2004). Health Inequalities: Concepts, Frameworks anddevelopment goal affect inequalities between the poorest andestablishments and health inequalities in England: modeling
Enduring Legacy? Charles Tilly and Durable Inequality
Voss, Kim
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Charles Tilly’s durable inequality. Comparative Studies inThe relational basis of inequality: generic and contingentA. , & Voss, K. (1996). Inequality by design: Cracking the
The State and income inequality in Brazil
Medeiros, Marcelo; Souza, Pedro H.G.F.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
J. Welfare states and inequality: Institutional designs andMexico: Impacts upon Inequality. Estudios Económicos. 2009;S. Remittances and Inequality. The Economic The State and
A Rearrangement Inequality for Diffusion Processes /
Gao, Teng
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of the Rearrangement Inequality and its Proba- bilisticRearrangement Inequality . . . . . . 4.5 Some ObservationsSAN DIEGO A Rearrangement Inequality for Diffusion Processes
Inequality and Equity, Introduction and Position Papers
Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science, UCSB
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
theories of poverty and inequality.Space has been a coredescriptions of inequality, dissimilarity, segregation, orSpecialist Meeting on Inequality and Equity Santa Barbara,
Income inequality, tax base and sovereign spreads
Aizenman, Joshua; Jinjarak, Yothin
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
R. Tiongson, 2006, “Income inequality and redistributive2011, “Pre-industrial inequality,” Economic Journal, 121:255-272. Table 1: Income Inequality and Fiscal Space. This
Visualizing Global Inequality on the Web
Meyers, Ian; Lodha, S K; Crow, Ben D; Fulfrost, Brian
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
on Mapping Global Inequality, University of California,Visualizing Global Inequality on the Web Ian Myers 1 ,for mapping global inequality by (i) creating a simple user
Income inequality, tax base and sovereign spreads
Aizenman, Joshua; Jinjarak, Yothin
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
R. Tiongson, 2006, “Income inequality and redistributive2009), “Chapter 6: Inequality Measures,” in Handbookon Poverty and Inequality, pp. 101-120, published by World
The Representational Sources of Political Inequality
Hayes, Thomas J.
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Barro, Robert J. 2000. “Inequality and Growth in a Panel ofand the Generation of Inequality. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Martin. 2005. “Inequality and Democratic Responsiveness. ”
Inequality and Growth: Why Differential Fertility Matters
de la Croix, David; Doepke, Matthias
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Barro, Robert J. 2000. “Inequality and Growth in a Panel of1–25. Benabou, Roland. 1996. “Inequality and Growth. ” NBER1996. “Measuring Income Inequality: A New Database. ”
Sobolev, Poincaré and isoperimetric inequalities for subelliptic ...
Bumsik Kim This is based on a joint work by F. Baudoin and B. Kim
2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z
?1 >. Sobolev, Poincaré and isoperimetric inequalities for subelliptic diffusion operators satisfying a generalized curvature dimension inequality. Bumsik Kim.
BURKHOLDER INEQUALITIES FOR SUBMARTINGALES, BESSEL ...
2011-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
inequality to the case when d > 1 is not an integer, which has further inter- ... Here we recall the celebrated inequality first proved by Burkholder in [11] in the.
Alternative Proofs of Ten Inequalities
Adilsultan Lepes
2014-12-06T23:59:59.000Z
This article offers different proofs of ten inequalities from those already published. So that the readers can see for themselves, the tasks specified in the condition of the source and classical inequalities which used in previously published proofs.
Smoking in top-grossing US movies 2014
Polansky, Jonathan R; Titus, Kori; Atayeva, Renata; Glantz, Stanton A PhD
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Smoking in top?grossing US movies Jonathan R. PolanskyApril 23, 2015 Smoking in top?grossing US movies: 2014 | 2about 20 percent of all top?grossing films. Tobacco presence
BLEI'S INEQUALITY AND COORDINATEWISE MULTIPLE SUMMING OPERATORS
Sinnamon, Gordon J.
BLEI'S INEQUALITY AND COORDINATEWISE MULTIPLE SUMMING OPERATORS DUMITRU POPA AND GORD SINNAMON are proved. When specialized to single-function inequalities they include a pair of inequalities due to Blei and a recent extension of Blei's inequality. The first of these inequalities is applied to give explicit
27 The Strategic Significance of Global InequalityThe Strategic Significance of Global InequalityThe Strategic Significance of Global InequalityThe Strategic Significance of Global InequalityThe Strategic
,"Arizona Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"4292015 8:46:32 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arizona Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production" "Sourcekey","N9010AZ2","N9011AZ2","N9012AZ2"...
,"Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"4292015 8:46:29 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production" "Sourcekey","N9010AK2","N9011AK2","N9012AK2"...
,"Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"4292015 8:46:30 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production" "Sourcekey","N9010AR2","N9011AR2","N9012AR2"...
,"Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"4292015 8:46:30 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production" "Sourcekey","N9010AL2","N9011AL2","N9012AL2"...
,"Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"4292015 8:46:31 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production" "Sourcekey","N9010AR2","N9011AR2","N9012AR2"...
Remarks on the Obrechkoff inequality
Remarks on the Obrechkoff inequality. Alexandre Eremenko? and Alexander Fryntov. January 25, 2015. Abstract. Let u be the logarithmic potential of a ...
Remarks on the Obrechkoff inequality
2015-08-26T23:59:59.000Z
Remarks on the Obrechkoff inequality. Alexandre Eremenko? and Alexander Fryntov. January 25, 2015. Abstract. Let u be the logarithmic potential of a ...
On the infimum convolution inequality
LataÅ?a, RafaÅ?
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the paper we study the infimum convolution inequalites. Such an inequality was first introduced by B. Maurey to give the optimal concentration of measure behaviour for the product exponential measure. We show how IC-inequalities are tied to concentration and study the optimal cost functions for an arbitrary probability measure. In particular, we show the optimal IC-inequality for product log-concave measures and for uniform measures on the l_p^n balls. Such an optimal inequality implies, for a given measure, in particular the Central Limit Theorem of Klartag and the tail estimates of Paouris.
On extremizers for adjoint Fourier restriction inequalities and a result in incidence geometry
Quilodran, Rene
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.6 Arestriction inequality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4Fourier restriction inequality . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 The
Normal Scalar Curvature Inequalities Normal Scalar Curvature
Lu, Zhiqin
Scalar Curvature Inequalities Introduction In 1999, De Smet, Dillen, Verstraelen and Vrancken (DDVV, F. Dillen, L. Verstraelen, and L. Vrancken, A pointwise inequality in submanifold theory, Arch. Math
INEQUALITIES FOR LORENTZ POLYNOMIALS Tamas Erdelyi
ErdÃ©lyi, TamÃ¡s
-type inequality" usually means a pointwise estimate for the derivative. Markov- and Bernstein- type inequalitiies
Economic Growth and Inequality: Drawing the
von der Heydt, Rüdiger
and policies in later sessions #12;Economic Growth and Inequality: The Famous Kuznets Curve #12;Income Inequality #12;The New Kuznets Curve #12;Income Inequality #12;From Income Inequality to Health #12;Percent the Channels) #12;Kuznets Curves for Socially Determined Health Outcomes David Bishai, MD,MPH, PhD Professor
Blowup alternative for Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchies
Zeqian Chen; Chengjun He; Chuangye Liu
2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we prove the blowup alternative for Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchies on $\\mathbb{R}^n$ and give the associated lower bounds on the blowup rate. In particular, we prove that any solution of density operators to the focusing Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy blow up in finite time for $n \\ge 3$ if the energy per some $k$ particles in the initial condition is negative. All of these results hold without the assumption of factorized conditions for initial values as well as the admissible ones. Our analysis is based on use of a quasi-Banach space of sequences of marginal density matrices.
Hispanic Poverty and Inequality Grant Competition Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality
Li, Fei-Fei
Hispanic Poverty and Inequality Grant Competition Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality Request for Proposals The Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality (CPI), a National Poverty Research Center funded by the Office
Finance and Labor: Perspectives on Risk, Inequality, and Democracy
Jacoby, Sanford
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Thomas Piketty, “Income Inequality in France,1901- 1998”how growth is hampered by inequality. George Clarke etal. , “Finance and Income Inequality: What Do the Data Tell
Income Inequality and Mortality: The Costa RIcan Case
Modrek, Sepideh
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Afflictions of Inequality. London: Routledge. Wilkinson,K. E. (2006). Income inequality and population health: AJ. (2005). Neighbourhood inequality, neighbourhood affluence
Income Inequality and Population Health in Geographic Perspective
Shin, Michael E.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
S. (2004). Health and Inequality London: Sage Deininger,set measuring income inequality. World Bank Economic Review,Mortality and income inequality among economically developed
Hypoelliptic heat kernel inequalities on H-type groups
Eldredge, Nathaniel Gilbert Bartsch
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Hypoelliptic heat kernel inequalities on the HeisenbergHypoelliptic heat kernel inequalities on Lie groups. PhDHypoelliptic heat kernel inequalities on H-type groups A
On a concentration inequality for sums of independent isotropic vectors
Cranston, Michael Craig; Molchanov, Stanislav Alekseevich
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Hoeffding. Probability inequalities for sums of boundedMarek Kanter. Probability inequalities for convex sets andOn a concentration inequality for sums of independent
Inequality in Political Participation: Contemporary Patterns in European Countries
Gallego, Aina
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Journal of Economic Inequality, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 51-65.Rising Political Inequality in Established Democracies:M. (2005). "Shifting Inequalities? Patterns of Exclusion and
International labour migration and reproduction of inequalities: The Latinoamerican Case
Julca, Alex
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
featart/nov2007/Global_Inequality.pdf Inter-AmericanK. 2007. Global inequality and global macroeconomics, inIADB) 1998. “Labor Income Inequality and Education,” Facing
Trade unions, inequality, and democracy in the US and Mexico
Tilly, Chris
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1993. Uneven Tides: Rising Inequality in America, New York:2003. Unions and wage inequality in Mexico. ” Industrial andBruce. 2006. Punishment and Inequality in America. New York:
Conjectured inequality for subharmonic functions
2015-04-04T23:59:59.000Z
Conjectured inequality for subharmonic functions. A. Eremenko. April 4, 2015. Let u1,u2,u3 be three subharmonic functions in the plane, and uj(0) = 0, 1 ? j ? 3 ...
Gross error detection in process data
Singh, Gurmeet
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
, 1991), with many optimum properties, seems to have been untapped by chemical engineers. We first review the background of the Tr test, and present relevant properties of the test. IV. A Hotelling's Generalization of Students t Test One of the most...: Chemical Engineering GROSS ERROR DETECTION IN PROCESS DATA A Thesis by GURMEET SINGH Approved as to style and content by: Ralph E. White (Chair of Committee) Michael Nikoloau (Member Richard B. Gri n (Member) R. W. Flummerfelt (Head...
Quantum marginal inequalities and the conjectured entropic inequalities
Lin Zhang; Hongjin He; Yuan-hong Tao
2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z
A conjecture -- \\emph{the modified super-additivity inequality} of relative entropy -- was proposed in \\cite{Zhang2012}: There exist three unitary operators $U_A\\in \\unitary{\\cH_A},U_B\\in \\unitary{\\cH_B}$, and $U_{AB}\\in \\unitary{\\cH_A\\ot \\cH_B}$ such that $$ \\rS(U_{AB}\\rho_{AB}U^\\dagger_{AB}||\\sigma_{AB}) \\geqslant \\rS(U_A\\rho_AU^\\dagger_A||\\sigma_A) + \\rS(U_B\\rho_BU^\\dagger_B||\\sigma_B), $$ where the reference state $\\sigma$ is required to be full-ranked. A numerical study on the conjectured inequality is conducted in this note. The results obtained indicate that the modified super-additivity inequality of relative entropy seems to hold for all qubit pairs.
The Social Reproduction of Systemic Racial Inequality
Mueller, Jennifer C
2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
The racial wealth gap is a deeply inexorable indicator of inequality. Today the average family of color holds only six cents of wealth for every dollar owned by whites. What accounts for such stubborn inequality in an era ...
The State and income inequality in Brazil
Medeiros, Marcelo; Souza, Pedro H.G.F.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Cash Transfers in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: Impacts uponand income inequality in Brazil Journal. 1986;96(383):722–the inequality levels in Brazil would be much higher than
Functional inequalities for subelliptic diffusion operators via ...
Fabrice Baudoin
2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 16, 2012 ... The curvature dimension inequality on Riemannian manifolds. In Riemannian geometry the Ricci tensor plays a fundamental role.
Isoperimetric Inequalities in Probability, Geometry, and PDE's
Rodrigo Bauelos,
2005-05-18T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 6, 2004 ... Isoperimetric Inequalities [1]. George Pólya, Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning (1954): “The isoperimetric theorem, deeply rooted in our.
A coarse entropy-rigidity theorem and discrete length-volume inequalities
Kinneberg, Kyle Edward
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A discrete length-volume inequality . . . . . . . .v 3 Length-volume inequalities revisitedlength-volume inequality for cubes . . . . . . . . . . . .
Urban health and health inequalities
Urban health and health inequalities and the role of urban forestry in Britain: A review Liz O'Brien Kathryn Williams Amy Stewart 2010 #12;Urban health and woodlands Contents Executive Summary 4 1.1.3 Definition of terms 9 3. The policy context: health and forestry policies 11 3.1 Health policies 11 3
Advanced Energy Gross Receipts Tax Deduction | Department of...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Photovoltaics Maximum Rebate 60 million Program Info Start Date 712010 State New Mexico Program Type Sales Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% of gross receipts from sale and...
,"Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals...
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","6...
,"Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals...
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest...
,"New Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","52015","01151989"...
Energy Inequalities in Quantum Field Theory
Christopher J. Fewster
2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum fields are known to violate all the pointwise energy conditions of classical general relativity. We review the subject of quantum energy inequalities: lower bounds satisfied by weighted averages of the stress-energy tensor, which may be regarded as the vestiges of the classical energy conditions after quantisation. Contact is also made with thermodynamics and related issues in quantum mechanics, where such inequalities find analogues in sharp Gaarding inequalities.
Halanay type inequalities on time scales
Ad\\ivar, Murat
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper aims to introduce Halanay type inequalities on time scales. By means of these inequalities we derive new global stability conditions for nonlinear dynamic equations on time scales. Giving several examples we show that beside generalization and extension to q-difference case, our results also provide improvements for the existing theory regarding differential and difference inequalites, which are the most important particular cases of dynamic inequalities on time scales.
Insiders and Outsiders: Does Forbidding Sexual Harassment Exacerbate Gender Inequality?
Chen, Daniel L.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2005. “Rising Wage Inequality: The Role of Composition andTechnology and U.S. Wage Inequality: A Brief Look. ” FederalHarassment Exacerbate Gender Inequality? Daniel L. Chen and
Burgess Inequality In $${\\mathbb {F}_{p^2}}$$
Chang, Mei-Chu
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of ?. GAFA BURGESS INEQUALITY IN F p 2 Proof. First weSpringerlink.com BURGESS INEQUALITY IN F p 2 Mei-Chu Changelds. More precisely, an inequality of this type is obtained
The Inequality-Satisfiability problem Dorit S. Hochbaum
Hochbaum, Dorit S.
The Inequality-Satisfiability problem Dorit S. Hochbaum Department of Industrial Engineering as inequality-clauses or i-clauses), each of which contains up to k n-variable inequalities; the problem
Linear rank inequalities on five or more variables
Dougherty, Randall; Zeger, Kenneth
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ranks of subspaces of vector spaces satisfy all linear inequalities satisfied by entropies (including the standard Shannon inequalities) and an additional inequality due to Ingleton. It is known that the Shannon and Ingleton inequalities generate all such linear rank inequalities on up to four variables, but it has been an open question whether additional inequalities hold for the case of five or more variables. Here we give a list of 24 inequalities which, together with the Shannon and Ingleton inequalities, generate all linear rank inequalities on five variables. We also give a partial list of linear rank inequalities on six variables and general results which produce such inequalities on an arbitrary number of variables; we prove that there are essentially new inequalities at each number of variables beyond four (a result also proved recently by Kinser).
An equivalent form of Young's inequality with upper bound
E. Minguzzi
2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
Young's integral inequality is complemented with an upper bound to the remainder. The new inequality turns out to be equivalent to Young's inequality, and the cases in which the equality holds become particularly transparent in the new formulation.
ARAKELOV INEQUALITIES FOR FAMILIES OF ABELIAN ...
2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
ARAKELOV INEQUALITIES FOR FAMILIES OF ABELIAN. VARIETIES AFTER DELIGNE, VIEHWEG, ZUO. DONU ARAPURA. Talk at IAS, Nov 25, 2014. I want to ...
SHARP INEQUALITIES FOR POSITIVE FUNCTIONS 1. Introduction ...
1910-50-11T23:59:59.000Z
SHARP INEQUALITIES FOR POSITIVE FUNCTIONS. JOHNNY E. BROWN. This paper is dedicated to Peter L. Duren on the occasion of his 70th birthday.
WEIGHTED NORM INEQUALITIES FOR FRACTIONAL MAXIMAL ...
2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z
Lp ? Lq-norm inequalities for fractional maximal operators on Rd, with the constants of optimal order. To introduce the necessary background and notation, let 0 ...
Log-Sobolev inequalities for subelliptic operators
Fabrice Baudoin
2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
Log-Sobolev inequalities for subelliptic operators. Fabrice Baudoin. Purdue University. Georgia Tech Probability Seminar. Based on a joint work with M.
Bell Inequalities for Quantum Optical Fields
Marek Zukowski; Marcin Wiesniak; Wieslaw Laskowski
2015-06-29T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the "practical" Bell inequalities, which use intensities as the observed variables, commonly used in quantum optics and widely accepted in the community, suffer from an inherent loophole, which severely limits the range of local hidden variable theories of light, which are invalidated by their violation. We present alternative inequalities which do not suffer from any (theoretical) loophole. The new inequalities use redefined correlation functions, which involve averaged products of local rates rather than intensities. Surprisingly, the new inequalities detect entanglement in situations in which the "practical" ones fail. Thus, we have two for the price on one: full consistency with Bell's Theorem, and better device-independent detection of entanglement.
Violation of Bell's inequality in fluid mechanics
Robert Brady; Ross Anderson
2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
We show that a classical fluid mechanical system can violate Bell's inequality because the fluid motion is correlated over large distances.
IZA DP No. 2119 Punishment, Inequality and Emotions
Boyer, Edmond
the punisher and the target, and one in which it does not affect inequality. We show that while inequality-aversion
RIEMANN'S INEQUALITY AND RIEMANN-ROCH Fix a compact ...
2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
RIEMANN'S INEQUALITY AND RIEMANN-ROCH. DONU ARAPURA. Fix a compact connected Riemann surface X of genus g. Riemann's inequality gives a
An embedding theorem and the Harnack inequality for nonlinear ...
2007-11-09T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 9, 2007 ... INEQUALITY FOR NONLINEAR SUBELLIPTIC EQUATIONS ... subelliptic spaces S1+; b) To prove a Harnack type inequality for nonnegative.
A Fefferman–Phong Type Inequality and Applications to Quasilinear ...
2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
We establish a nonlocal generalization of a well-known inequality by C. Fefferman and ... Key words: Fefferman–Phong inequality, Morrey spaces, subelliptic ...
Hardy–Sobolev Type Inequalities with Sharp Constants in Carnot ...
2010-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
nonlinear case p = 2. We also obtain a sharp inequality of Hardy–Sobolev type. Keywords Hardy type inequalities·Carnot groups·Carnot–Carathéodory spaces·.
ON A REAL ANALOGUE OF BEZOUT INEQUALITY AND THE ...
2014-07-12T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 12, 2014 ... Failure of the naive version of Bezout inequality over the reals. 5 .... over real closed fields where the original statement of the inequality does.
Finance and Labor: Perspectives on Risk, Inequality, and Democracy
Jacoby, Sanford
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
George Clarke et al. , “Finance and Income Inequality: WhatKunt, and Ross Levine, “Finance, Inequality, and the Poor,”10 Journal of Empirical Finance (2003); Pinelopi Goldberg
Prosperity, Poverty and Inequality in London
Banaji,. Murad
ASE Prosperity, Poverty and Inequality in London 2000/01-2010/11 Ruth Lupton, Polly Vizard, Amanda of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis will include. The Changing Spatial Distribution of Poverty 2001 to 2011...................33 The Geography of Poverty
Characterizations of Lojasiewicz inequalities and applications
Bolte, Jerome; Ley, Olivier; Mazet, Laurent
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The classical Lojasiewicz inequality and its extensions for partial differential equation problems (Simon) and to o-minimal structures (Kurdyka) have a considerable impact on the analysis of gradient-like methods and related problems: minimization methods, complexity theory, asymptotic analysis of dissipative partial differential equations, tame geometry. This paper provides alternative characterizations of this type of inequalities for nonsmooth lower semicontinuous functions defined on a metric or a real Hilbert space. In a metric context, we show that a generalized form of the Lojasiewicz inequality (hereby called the Kurdyka-Lojasiewicz inequality) relates to metric regularity and to the Lipschitz continuity of the sublevel mapping, yielding applications to discrete methods (strong convergence of the proximal algorithm). In a Hilbert setting we further establish that asymptotic properties of the semiflow generated by $-\\partial f$ are strongly linked to this inequality. This is done by introducing the not...
Oil and Gas Gross Production Tax (North Dakota)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
A gross production tax applies to most gas produced in North Dakota. Gas burned at the well site to power an electrical generator that consumes at least 75 percent of the gas is exempt from...
Fact #564: March 30, 2009 Transportation and the Gross Domestic...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
of the U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2007 is related to transportation. Housing, health care, and food are the only categories with greater shares of the GDP. GDP by...
On Testing Entropic Inequalities for Superconducting Qudit
Evgenii Glushkov; Anastasiia Glushkova; V. I. Man'ko
2015-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this work is to verify the new entropic and information inequalities for non-composite systems using experimental $5 \\times 5$ density matrix of the qudit state, measured by the tomographic method in a multi-level superconducting circuit. These inequalities are well-known for bipartite and tripartite systems, but have never been tested for superconducting qudits. Entropic inequalities can also be used to evaluate the accuracy of experimental data and the value of mutual information, deduced from them, may charachterize correlations between different degrees of freedom in a noncomposite system.
Information inequalities and Generalized Graph Entropies
Sivakumar, Lavanya
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this article, we discuss the problem of establishing relations between information measures assessed for network structures. Two types of entropy based measures namely, the Shannon entropy and its generalization, the R\\'{e}nyi entropy have been considered for this study. Our main results involve establishing formal relationship, in the form of implicit inequalities, between these two kinds of measures when defined for graphs. Further, we also state and prove inequalities connecting the classical partition-based graph entropies and the functional-based entropy measures. In addition, several explicit inequalities are derived for special classes of graphs.
On Testing Entropic Inequalities for Superconducting Qudit
Evgenii Glushkov; Anastasiia Glushkova; V. I. Man'ko
2015-04-30T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this work is to verify the new entropic and information inequalities for non-composite systems using experimental $5 \\times 5$ density matrix of the qudit state, measured by the tomographic method in a multi-level superconducting circuit. These inequalities are well-known for bipartite and tripartite systems, but have never been tested for superconducting qudits. Entropic inequalities can also be used to evaluate the accuracy of experimental data and the value of mutual information, deduced from them, may charachterize correlations between different degrees of freedom in a noncomposite system.
Tackling Global Inequality in Labor Migration: Diaspora Mechanism and Migration Development Bank
Gevorkyan, Aleksandr V.; Gevorkyan, Arkady V.
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Tackling Global Inequality in Labor Migration: DiasporaCruz Conference on “Mapping Global Inequalities - BeyondIncome Inequality” * November 17, 2007 New York, NY
Regional Inequality in India in the 1990s: A Further Look
Singh, Nirvikar; Kendall, Jake; Jain, R.K.; Chander, Jai
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Regional Inequality in India in the 1990s: A Further Lookchanges in regional inequality in India in the 1990s, usingperiod. Keywords: regional inequality, growth convergence,
After Foreclosure: The Displacement Crisis and the Social and Spatial Reproduction of Inequality
Martin, Anne J.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and Spatial Reproduction of Inequality by Anne J. Martinbe reproducing social inequalities. The Institute for theprocess may reproduce inequalities of class, race, gender,
Lim, Kien Hwa
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A case study concerning inequalities. In M. van den Heuval-Kieran, C. (2004). The equation/inequality connection inconstructing meaning for inequality situations. In M. J.
Diewald, Martin; Albert, Mathias
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Sen, Amartya (1992): Inequality reexamined. OxfordCharles (1998): Durable Inequality. University of CaliforniaMapping Global Inequality with World Society Theory and
Finding Space Beyond Variables: An Analytical Review of Urban Space and Social Inequalities
Joseph, Lauren
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Boundaries and the Making of Inequality. Chicago: University2003. “The Dimensions of Racial Inequality: Occupational andMollenkopf 2002. “Economic Inequality and Public Policy: The
Varieties of Inequality: Allocation, Distribution, and the Wage Disadvantages of Immigrant Workers
Kesler, Christel
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and Kim Voss. 1996. Inequality by Design: Cracking the BellSources of Earnings Inequality in 20 Countries." AmericanVARIETIES OF INEQUALITY: ALLOCATION, DISTRIBUTION, AND THE
Inequality and Local Government: Evidence from U.S. Cities and School Districts, 1970-2000.
Zolt, Eric M; Boustan, Leah
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Draft: February 10, 2010 Inequality and Local Government:I. Introduction Income inequality has increased dramaticallyScholars have linked income inequality to several negative
Tay, Thiam Chye
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Juzhong, ed. 2010. Poverty, Inequality, and Inclusive Growth2008. "Income, inequality, and electoral participation."In Democracy, Inequality, and Representation, ed. Pablo
Accounting for the Change in the Gradient: Health Inequality among Infants
Lin, Wanchuan
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
R. 1985. “Social Class Inequality in Mortality from 1921 toin the Gradient: Health Inequality Among Infants Wanchuanin the Gradient: Health Inequality Among Infants * Wanchuan
Regional Income Inequality in Post-1978 China: A Kaldorian Spatial Econometric Approach
Jeon, Yongbok
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2003), “Analyzing Regional Inequality in Post-Mao China in a1996), “Regional Income Inequality and Economic Growth inpermission Regional Income Inequality in Post-1978 China : A
Feng, Wang
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Riskin. 1998. “Income and inequality in China: Composition,Charles. 1998. Durable Inequality. Berkeley and Los Angeles:and Categories: Rising Inequality in Post-Socialist Urban
Measuring Risk by Looking at Changes in Inequality: vulnerability in Ecuador
Ligon, Ethan A.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
alized entropy and atkinson inequality indices: The complexIntertemporal choice and inequality. Journal of PoliticalBY LOOKING AT CHANGES IN INEQUALITY References Amin, S. , A.
Impacts of Trade on Wage Inequality in Los Angeles: Analysis Using Matched Employer-Employee Data
Rigby, David L.; Breau, Sebastien
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1059. Chakravorty, S. 1996. Urban inequality revisited - TheP. B. 1989. Measuring inequality: a methodological handbook.outsourcing, and wage inequality. American Economic Review
Ding, Chris; He, Xiaofeng; Xiong, Hui; Peng, Hanchuan; Holbrook, Stephen R.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Closure and Metric Inequality of Weighted Graphs – Detectingleads to a transitivity inequality which is equivalentto ultra-metric inequality. This can be used to de?ne
Lloyd, Cynthia
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
citation Educational Inequalities in the midst of widespread28, 2007 Mapping Global Inequalities Conference, Santa Cruz,to the growth of inequalities both within and between
1 Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7 I Representing an Inequality ...
charlotb
2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
1. Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7. I. Representing an Inequality. There are 3 ways to represent an inequality. (1) Using the inequality symbol (sometime.
1 Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7 I Representing an Inequality ...
charlotb
2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z
1. Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7. I. Representing an Inequality. There are 3 ways to represent an inequality. (1) Using the inequality symbol (sometime.
Inequality design limits in optimal aerodynamic shapes
Seaman, Charles Knight
1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
INEQUALITY DESIGN LIMITS IN OPTIMAL AERODYNAMIC SHAPES A Thesis By CHARLES KNIGHT SEAMAN Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1968... Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering INEQUALITY DESIGN LIMITS IN OPTIMAL AERODYNAMIC SHAPES A Thesis By CHARLES KNIGHT SEAMAN Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department) (Member) (Member) May 1968...
Violation of the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality with Matter Waves K. V. Kheruntsyan,1
Kheruntsyan, Karen
) inequality--one of the most widely used and important inequalities in mathematics--can be formulated
Violating the Bell-Leggett-Garg inequality with weak measurement of an entangled state
Martinis, John M.
, and can violate the inequality4 . To test such an inequality using two superconducting qubits, we replace
New Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
9 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Gross Withdrawals 1,425,222 1,341,475 1,287,682 1,276,296 1,271,185 1,267,646 1967-2014 From Gas Wells 682,334 616,134 556,024 653,057...
Emotion Regulation: Taking Stock and Moving Forward James J. Gross
Gross, James J.
Emotion Regulation: Taking Stock and Moving Forward James J. Gross Stanford University The field of emotion regulation has now come of age. However, enthusiasm for the topic continues to outstrip conceptual to succinctly answer--10 fundamental questions concerning emotion regulation, ranging from what emotion
Renormalisation of Noncommutative Quantum Field Harald Grosse1
Wulkenhaar, Raimar
Renormalisation of Noncommutative Quantum Field Theory Harald Grosse1 and Raimar Wulkenhaar2 1 recall some models for noncommutative space-time and discuss quantum field theories on these deformed. Keywords: noncommutative geometry; quantum field theory; renormalisation AMS Subject Classification: 81T15
OPTIMALITY CONDITIONS FOR IRREGULAR INEQUALITY-CONSTRAINED PROBLEMS
Solodov, Mikhail V.
OPTIMALITY CONDITIONS FOR IRREGULAR INEQUALITY-CONSTRAINED PROBLEMS A. F. IZMAILOV AND M. VÂOptimization, and by FAPERJ. 1280 #12;IRREGULAR INEQUALITY-CONSTRAINED PROBLEMS 1281 Note that in (1.4) cone K is not required
GEOMETRIC NUMERICAL INTEGRATION OF INEQUALITY CONSTRAINED, NONSMOOTH HAMILTONIAN SYSTEMS
Columbia University
and obtain an associated framework for composing ge- ometric numerical integration methods for inequality-equalityÂconstrained geometric integration setting, we target long-term structure preservation. In the inequality-constrained
TUSNADY'S INEQUALITY REVISITED ANDREW CARTER AND DAVID POLLARD
Pollard, David
at all simple". Bretagnolle and Massart (1989, Appendix) published another proof of TusnÂ´ady's inequality--an
Inequality and Social Security Reforms Jean-Olivier Hairault
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
received so much support, it is because it is consid- ered as inequality-reducing, relative to a more
Sobolev inequality for localization of pseudo-relativistic energy
A. A. Balinsky; A. E. Tyukov
2005-08-18T23:59:59.000Z
In this article we present Sobolev-type inequalities for the localization of pseudo-relativistic energy.
An Epiperimetric Inequality Approach to the Thin and Fractional ...
Arshak Petrosyan(joint with Nicola Garofalo, Camelia Pop, and Mariana Smit Vega Garcia)
2015-07-28T23:59:59.000Z
Jun 15, 2015 ... An Epiperimetric Inequality. Approach to the Thin and. Fractional Obstacle Problems. Geometric Analysis. Free Boundary Problems. & Measure ...
Bayesian Optimization with Inequality Constraints Jacob R. Gardner1
Columbia University
- eter tuning and experimental design. How- ever, this framework has not been extended to the inequality-constrained
Income Inequality and Mortality: The Costa RIcan Case
Modrek, Sepideh
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
44-49). San Francisco Kuznets, S. (1955). Economic Growthin income inequality (Kuznets, 1955), but benefits from this
Operator space approach to steering inequality
Michal Horodecki; Marcin Marciniak; Zhi Yin
2015-03-12T23:59:59.000Z
In \\cite{JP2011,JPPVW2010} the operator space theory was applied to study bipartite Bell inequalities. The aim of the paper is to follow this line of research and use the operator space technique to analyze the steering scenario. We obtain a bipartite steering functional with unbounded largest violation of steering inequality, as well as we can construct all ingredients explicitly. It turns out that the unbounded largest violation is obtained by non maximally entangled state. Moreover, we focus on the bipartite dichotomic case where we construct a steering functional with unbounded largest violation of steering inequality. This phenomenon is different to the Bell scenario where only bounded largest violation can be obtained by any bipartite dichotomic Bell functional.
Poverty and Inequality Research Cluster Global Development and Happiness
Sussex, University of
Poverty and Inequality Research Cluster Global Development and Happiness: How can Data Volume 2013 No 432 #12;2 The Poverty and Inequality research cluster, part of the Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction team at IDS, produces research on poverty, inequality and wellbeing. Our research
Characterization of four-qubit states via Bell inequalities
Hui Zhao; Xing-Hua Zhang; Shao-Ming Fei; Zhi-Xi Wang
2013-07-25T23:59:59.000Z
A set of Bell inequalities classifying the quantum entanglement of four-qubit states is presented. These inequalities involve only two measurement settings per observer and can characterize fully separable, bi-separable and tri-separable quantum states. In addition, a quadratic inequality of the Bell operators for four-qubit systems is derived.
An information-theoretic proof of Nash's inequality
Giuseppe Toscani
2012-07-12T23:59:59.000Z
We show that an information-theoretic property of Shannon's entropy power, known as concavity of entropy power, can be fruitfully employed to prove inequalities in sharp form. In particular, the concavity of entropy power implies the logarithmic Sobolev inequality, and Nash's inequality with the sharp constant.
Gross Receipts Tax Exemption for Sales of Wind and Solar Systems to Government Entities
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
New Mexico has a gross receipts tax structure for businesses instead of a sales tax. Businesses are taxed on the gross amount of their business receipts each year before expenses are deducted. ...
Sadoulet, Elisabeth
A. de Janvry and E. Sadoulet, Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Latin America 1 May 2000 Appendix B Poverty and Inequality Data Table B1 gives the poverty and inequality data used in the study. The data in general come from the work of Oscar Altimir at CEPAL who reconciled the calculations of poverty
The equivalence of Bell's inequality and the Nash inequality in a quantum game-theoretic setting
Azhar Iqbal; James M. Chappell; Derek Abbott
2015-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
Are there two-player games in which a strategy pair can exist as a Nash equilibrium only when the game is played quantum mechanically? To find an answer to this question, we study two-player games that are played in generalized Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen setting. Considering particular strategy pairs, we identify sets of games for which the pair can exist as a Nash equilibrium when Bell's inequality is violated. We thus identify games and players' strategies for which the Nash inequality becomes equivalent to Bell's inequality. As the violation of Bell's inequality is regarded as being quantum in nature, this paper thus addresses the earliest criticisms of quantum games that questioned if they were truly quantum.
Golden-Thompson's inequality for deformed exponentials
Frank Hansen
2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
Deformed logarithms and their inverse functions, the deformed exponentials, are important tools in the theory of non-additive entropies and non-extensive statistical mechanics. We formulate and prove counterparts of Golden-Thompson's trace inequality for q-exponentials with parameter q in the interval [1,3].
Earnings inequality and in-work-poverty
Gutiérrez Palacios, Rodolfo; Guillén Rodríguez, Ana Marta; Peña-Casas, Ramón
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. The first deals with our level of knowledge about the impact of economic globalization on earnings inequalities. Sections 2 and 3 are devoted to the dynamics and present situation of the incidence of low paid work and in-work poverty respectively. Section 4...
Bell-inequality violation with "thermal" radiation
Radim Filip; Miloslav Dusek; Jaromir Fiurasek; Ladislav Mista
2001-05-17T23:59:59.000Z
The model of a quantum-optical device for a conditional preparation of entangled states from input mixed states is presented. It is demonstrated that even thermal or pseudo-thermal radiation can be entangled in such a way, that Bell-inequalities are violated.
INCOME INEQUALITY IN FORMER CENTRALLY PLANNED ECONOMIES
Bateman, Ian J.
transforms into a successful market economy, increased income inequalities may be desirable' (Doyle, 1996, p and the opportunities for non-agricultural income from the market liberalisation process would seem to be important adjustment to market in transition economies. As Doyle (1996) has stated for example: `to ensure that Russia
NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES MEASURING ANCIENT INEQUALITY
Hickman, Mark
-industrial income gaps between rich and poor. Simon Kuznets was very skeptical of attempts to compare income concepts, and different parts of the national economy. To underline his doubts, Kuznets once asked data?" Economists with interest in inequality are indebted to Kuznets for his sage warning.1 We are eve
Gross-Neveu and Thirring models. Covariant Gaussian analysis
Rosenstein, B.; Kovner, A.
1989-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
Two-dimensional fermionic theories, the SU(/ital N/) Gross-Neveu and themassive Thirring models, are analyzed in the covariant Gaussian approximation.In the Gross-Neveu model we find three phases (renormalizations). In one ofthem the results coincide with the leading order in 1//ital N/ expansion. Inthe other two phases the gap equation has no solution and there are nofermionic excitations in the spectrum of the theory. It is argued that thoserenormalizations are relevant for /ital N/=1,2. The massive Thirringmodel is found to possess a line of ultraviolet fixed points. In the limit/ital m//sub /ital b///r arrow/0 the axial symmetry is not broken. The 2/r arrow/2/ital S/-matrix element for the nonasymptotically free phase is calculated andit qualitatively agrees with the exact expression. We also find anasymptotically free phase with vanishing bare coupling.
Bound on Bell Inequalities by Fraction of Determinism and Reverse Triangle Inequality
P. Joshi; K. Horodecki; M. Horodecki; P. Horodecki; R. Horodecki; Ben Li; S. J. Szarek; T. Szarek
2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z
It is an established fact that entanglement is a resource. Sharing an entangled state leads to non-local correlations and to violations of Bell inequalities. Such non-local correlations illustrate the advantage of quantum resources over classical resources. Here, we study quantitatively Bell inequalities with $2\\times n$ inputs. As found in [N. Gisin et al., Int. J. Q. Inf. 5, 525 (2007)] quantum mechanical correlations cannot reach the algebraic bound for such inequalities. In this paper, we uncover the heart of this effect which we call the {\\it fraction of determinism}. We show that any quantum statistics with two parties and $2 \\times n$ inputs exhibits nonzero fraction of determinism, and we supply a quantitative bound for it. We then apply it to provide an explicit {\\it universal upper bound} for Bell inequalities with $2\\times n$ inputs. As our main mathematical tool we introduce and prove a {\\it reverse triangle inequality}, stating in a quantitative way that if some states are far away from a given state, then their mixture is also. The inequality is crucial in deriving the lower bound for the fraction of determinism, but is also of interest on its own.
Cushing, Lara; Morello-Frosch, Rachel; Wander, Madeline; Pastor, Manuel
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Divided We Stand: Why Inequality Keeps Rising. Paris: OECD (States: Tackling High Inequalities and Creating Opportu-Y. 2005. Emulation, inequality, and work hours: was Thorsten
Lopez-Feldman, Alejandro; Mora, Jorge; Taylor, J. Edward
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Mitigate Poverty and Inequality? Evidence from Rural MexicoMitigate Poverty and Inequality? Evidence from Rural MexicoBootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures’,
Ngepah, Nicholas
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and G. Tabelini, 1994. " Is Inequality Harmful for Growth?"The Poverty-Growth-Inequality Triangle" Paper presented atat Old Issues: Growth and Inequality," Mimeo, World Bank,
School Leaders Sense-making and Use of Equity-related Data to Disrupt Patterns of Inequality
Chikwe, Moses
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
track: How schools structure inequality. New Haven, CT: YaleChallenging or reproducing inequality? Teachers CollegeC. S. , et al. (1996). Inequality by design: Cracking the
Golden, Miriam; Wallerstein, Michael
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
to explaining income inequality: An interdisciplinaryand disposable income inequalities. Discussion Papers SP II,erences in male wage inequality: Institutions versus market
Glinianaia, Svetlana V; Ghosh, Rakesh; Rankin, Judith; Pearce, Mark S; Parker, Louise; Pless-Mulloli, Tanja
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Field DJ: Socioeconomic inequalities in very preterm birth2635. 23. Munro J: Health inequalities 25 years after Black.report on socioeconomic inequalities in health 10 years on.
Test of Genuine Multipartite Nonlocality Without Inequality
Qing Chen; Sixia Yu; Chengjie Zhang; C. H. Lai; C. H. Oh
2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
In this letter we propose a set of conditions on the joint probabilities as a test of genuine multipartite nonlocality without inequality. Our test is failed by all non-signaling local models in which even nonlocal correlations among some observables (not all) are allowed as long as these correlations respect the non-signaling principle. A pass of our test by a state therefore indicates that this state cannot be simulated by any non-signaling local models, i.e., the state exhibits genuine multipartite nonlocality. It turns out that all entangled symmetric n-qubit ($n \\geq 3$) states pass our test and therefore are n-way nonlocal. Also we construct two Bell-type inequalities from our proposed test whose violations indicate genuine multipartite nonlocal correlations.
Entropy-energy inequalities for qudit states
Armando Figueroa; Julio López; Octavio Castaños; Ramón López-Peña; Margarita A. Man'ko; Vladimir I. Man'ko
2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z
We establish a procedure to find the extremal density matrices for any finite Hamiltonian of a qudit system. These extremal density matrices provide an approximate description of the energy spectra of the Hamiltonian. In the case of restricting the extremal density matrices by pure states, we show that the energy spectra of the Hamiltonian is recovered for $d=2$ and $3$. We conjecture that by means of this approach the energy spectra can be recovered for the Hamiltonian of an arbitrary finite qudit system. For a given qudit system Hamiltonian, we find new inequalities connecting the mean value of the Hamiltonian and the entropy of an arbitrary state. We demonstrate that these inequalities take place for both the considered extremal density matrices and generic ones.
Sandwiched Rényi divergence satisfies data processing inequality
Beigi, Salman [School of Mathematics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5746, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [School of Mathematics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5746, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
Sandwiched (quantum) ?-Rényi divergence has been recently defined in the independent works of Wilde et al. [“Strong converse for the classical capacity of entanglement-breaking channels,” preprint http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1306.1586 (2013)] and Müller-Lennert et al. [“On quantum Rényi entropies: a new definition, some properties and several conjectures,” preprint http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1306.3142v1 (2013)]. This new quantum divergence has already found applications in quantum information theory. Here we further investigate properties of this new quantum divergence. In particular, we show that sandwiched ?-Rényi divergence satisfies the data processing inequality for all values of ? > 1. Moreover we prove that ?-Holevo information, a variant of Holevo information defined in terms of sandwiched ?-Rényi divergence, is super-additive. Our results are based on Hölder's inequality, the Riesz-Thorin theorem and ideas from the theory of complex interpolation. We also employ Sion's minimax theorem.
Bayesian Nash Equilibria and Bell Inequalities
Taksu Cheon; Azhar Iqbal
2007-11-22T23:59:59.000Z
Games with incomplete information are formulated in a multi-sector probability matrix formalism that can cope with quantum as well as classical strategies. An analysis of classical and quantum strategy in a multi-sector extension of the game of Battle of Sexes clarifies the two distinct roles of nonlocal strategies, and establish the direct link between the true quantum gain of game's payoff and the breaking of Bell inequalities.
Testing Bell inequalities with weak measurements
Shmuel Marcovitch; Benni Reznik
2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum theory is inconsistent with any local hidden variable model as was first shown by Bell. To test Bell inequalities two separated observers extract correlations from a common ensemble of identical systems. Since quantum theory does not allow simultaneous measurements of noncommuting observables, on each system every party measures a single randomly chosen observable out of a given set. Here we suggest a different approach for testing Bell inequalities that is experimentally realizable by current methods. We show that Bell inequalities can be maximally violated even when all observables are measured on each member of the ensemble. This is possible by using weak measurements that produce small disturbance, at the expense of accuracy. However, our approach does not constitute an independent test of quantum nonlocality since the local hidden variables may correlate the noise of the measurement instruments. Nevertheless, by adding a randomly chosen precise measurement at the end of every cycle of weak measurements, the parties can verify that the hidden variables were not interfering with the noise, and thus validate the suggested test.
Texas--onshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production (Million Barrels)(Million Barrels)MarketedFeet) OilGross
Louisiana--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production%3.PDFFeet)DecreasesLouisianaShale Production (BillionFeet) Gross
Louisiana--onshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production%3.PDFFeet)DecreasesLouisianaShale ProductionProductionCubicGross
Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of5, 2014 |and Terry M. Bricker...UserRutherfordUsingGross Withdrawals
Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville PowerTariff Pages default SignEnergy4 3. EFFECTIVEMira,ResidentialGross Withdrawals (Million Cubic
Gross shell structure at high spin in heavy nuclei
Deleplanque, Marie-Agnes; Frauendorf, Stefan; Pashkevich, Vitaly V.; Chu, S.Y.; Unzhakova, Anja
2003-10-07T23:59:59.000Z
Experimental nuclear moments of inertia at high spins along the yrast line have been determined systematically and found to differ from the rigid-body values. The difference is attributed to shell effect and these have been calculated microscopically. The data and quantal calculations are interpreted by means of the semiclassical Periodic Orbit Theory. From this new perspective, features in the moments of inertia as a function of neutron number and spin, as well as their relation to the shell energies can be understood. Gross shell effects persist up to the highest angular momenta observed.
Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (Million Cubic Feet)
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706 802 1979-2013October 3,PercentU.S.Industrial (DataGross Withdrawals Total Offshore
Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (Million Cubic
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706 802 1979-2013October 3,PercentU.S.Industrial (DataGross Withdrawals Total
Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (Million Cubic
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706 802 1979-2013October 3,PercentU.S.Industrial (DataGross Withdrawals TotalFeet)
Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (Million Cubic Feet)
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706 802 1979-2013OctoberEstimated Production (Billion Cubic Feet)of% ofExports (NoGross
South Dakota Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million CubicRefinersUpcomingSmall-Industrial Signper Thousand Cubic Feet) PriceCubicGross
The Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy on general rectangular tori
Sebastian Herr; Vedran Sohinger
2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, we study the Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy on general --rational and irrational-- rectangular tori of dimension two and three. This is a system of infinitely many linear partial differential equations which arises in the rigorous derivation of the nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger equation. We prove a conditional uniqueness result for the hierarchy. In two dimensions, this result allows us to obtain a rigorous derivation of the defocusing cubic nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger equation from the dynamics of many-body quantum systems. On irrational tori, this question was posed as an open problem in previous work of Kirkpatrick, Schlein, and Staffilani.
Other incarnations of the Gross-Pitaevskii dark soliton
Indubala I Satija; Radha Balakrishnan
2010-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the dark soliton of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation (GPE) that describes the Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) density of a system of weakly repulsive bosons, also describes that of a system of strongly repulsive hard core bosons at half filling. As a consequence of this, the GPE soliton gets related to the magnetic soliton in an easy-plane ferromagnet, where it describes the square of the in-plane magnetization of the system. These relationships are shown to be useful in understanding various characteristics of solitons in these distinct many-body systems.
The Relationship Between Unemployment and Earnings Inequality in South Africa
Tregenna, Fiona
1 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNEMPLOMENT AND EARNINGS INEQUALITY IN SOUTH AFRICA FIONA TREGENNA Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge ABSTRACT Unemployment and earnings inequality have moved closely together in South Africa... in recent years, suggesting that there may not be a trade-off between them as the literature generally suggests. This article explores the relationship between unemployment and earnings inequality in South Africa, specifically investigating the extent...
The Effect of Growth Volatility on Income Inequality Ho-Chuan (River) Huang
Ahmad, Sajjad
positively affects growth. Barro (2000) uncovers a nonlinear inequality-growth nexus, with inequality growth in low-income ones. Rather than examining the volatility-growth or the inequality-growth linkages
Inequality at Work: The Effect of Peer Salaries on Job Satisfaction
Card, David; Mas, Alexandre; Moretti, Enrico; Saez, Emmanuel
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Kuhn (2007). “Does Pay Inequality A?ect Worker E?ort? Ex-Wage Structure and Earnings Inequality,” Handbook of LaborNBER WORKING PAPER SERIES INEQUALITY AT WORK: THE EFFECT OF
Inequality and Economic Growth: Bridging the Short-run and the Long-run
Grijalva, Diego F.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
40, 1–46. Benabou, Roland, “Inequality and Growth,” in BenAkira Nishiyama, “Income Inequality and Growth - Does theU Relationship between Inequality and Long-run Growth,”
The Decline in Inequality In Brazil, 2003-2009: The Role Of The State
Souza, Pedro H.G.F.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and S. G. Prus. 2006. “Income Inequality over the Later-LifeThe Dynamics of Income Inequality in Mexico Since NAFTA. ”Recent Trends in Income Inequality in Latin America. ”
Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”: A Conversation with Devin Fergus
Reid, Carolina
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Research Center. Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”: A Conversationand Osoro 2013). Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”
Intergenerational Wealth Transmission and the Dynamics of Inequality in Small-Scale Societies
Borgerhoff Mulder, Monique
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Handbook of Economic Inequality, W. Salverda, B. Nolan, T.Handbook of Economic Inequality, W. Salverda, B. Nolan, T.and the Dynamics of Inequality in Small-Scale Societies
Multiplicities of Pfaffian Intersections, and the Lojasiewicz Inequality ...
1910-00-40T23:59:59.000Z
and the exponents in the Lojasiewicz inequalities for Pfaffian functions. For the intersections defined by sparse polynomials, the multiplicities outside the.
An inequality for potentials and the “hot–spots” conjecture
2003-06-04T23:59:59.000Z
inequality, by the conformal invariance of Brownian motion, implies a result of Pascu [13] on “hot–spots” for certain symmetric convex domains. ?Supported in ...
Poincaré inequality, the uniqueness of the solutions for the heat ...
Bumsik Kim
2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 13, 2013 ... Classic Heat equation in R n. KNOWN : Positive solution u is uniquely determined by the initial condition : Why? (Harnack's inequality) : ? ? Rn ...
an epiperimetric inequality approach to the regularity of the free ...
2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
An epiperimetric inequality for the Signorini problem. 18. 7. C1,? regularity of the regular part of the free boundary. 28. References. 39. 1. Introduction. 1.1.
THE LEX-PLUS-POWER INEQUALITY FOR LOCAL COHOMOLOGY ...
2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
We prove an inequality between Hilbert functions of local cohomology modules supported in the homogeneous maximal ideal of standard graded algebras over
Bell-type inequalities for non-local resources
Nicolas Brunner; Valerio Scarani; Nicolas Gisin
2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z
We present bipartite Bell-type inequalities which allow the two partners to use some non-local resource. Such inequality can only be violated if the parties use a resource which is more non-local than the one permitted by the inequality. We introduce a family of N-inputs non-local machines, which are generalizations of the well-known PR-box. Then we construct Bell-type inequalities that cannot be violated by strategies that use one these new machines. Finally we discuss implications for the simulation of quantum states.
Patrizio Neff; Dirk Pauly; Karl-Josef Witsch
2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
We prove a Korn-type inequality for tensor fields without gradient structure, which generalizes Korn's first inequality.
The foundational inequalities of D.L. Burkholder and some of their ...
2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
Aug 3, 2011 ... martingale inequalities of D.L. Burkholder to Lp-bounds for singular integral operators ... 2 Sharp inequalities for continuous-time martingales. 7.
Boger, John Charles
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
INEQUITIES: THE CASE OF NORTH CAROLINA John Charles BogerIn Chapel Hill, North Carolina on The Resegregation ofINEQUITIES: THE CASE OF NORTH CAROLINA Introduction I.
What Drives the Public Mood of Income Inequality
Myers, Rebekah M
2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
on In co m e In eq ua lity , 1 97 1? 20 12 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Year Figure 3.1: Public Mood on Income Inequality, 1971-2012 23 Table 3.1: Do Economic Factors Drive Public Mood Towards Income Inequality? Public Mood of Income Inequalityt?1 0.813 (0...
Concentration-of-measure inequalities Lecture notes by Gbor Lugosi
Beal, Matt J.
's inequalityX for ny nonnegtive rndom vrile XD nd t > 0D P{X ! t} EX t . sf follows from wrkov9s inequlity tht} = P{(X) ! (t)} E(X) (t) . en pplition of this with (x) = x2 is Chebyshev's inequalityX if X is n
On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling
Leder, Kevin Z.
On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling By Jose Blanchet, Kevin Abstract In this paper we explain some connections between Lyapunov meth- ods and subsolutions of an associated Lyapunov inequality, have been re- cently proposed (see e.g. [12, 14]) and have been succesfully
On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling
Blanchet, Jose H.
On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling By Jose Blanchet, Peter Abstract In this paper we explain some connections between Lyapunov methods and subso- lutions, subsolutions can be derived by taking an appropriate limit of an associated Lyapunov inequality. They have been
Gross national happiness as a framework for health impact assessment
Pennock, Michael, E-mail: michael.pennock@viha.c [Vancouver Island Health Authority, 450-1900 Richmond Ave, Victoria, Britich Columbia, V8V 4L1 (Canada); Ura, Karma [Centre for Bhutan Studies, Thimphu (Bhutan)
2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
The incorporation of population health concepts and health determinants into Health Impact Assessments has created a number of challenges. The need for intersectoral collaboration has increased; the meaning of 'health' has become less clear; and the distinctions between health impacts, environmental impacts, social impacts and economic impacts have become increasingly blurred. The Bhutanese concept of Gross National Happiness may address these issues by providing an over-arching evidence-based framework which incorporates health, social, environmental and economic contributors as well as a number of other key contributors to wellbeing such as culture and governance. It has the potential to foster intersectoral collaboration by incorporating a more limited definition of health which places the health sector as one of a number of contributors to wellbeing. It also allows for the examination of the opportunity costs of health investments on wellbeing, is consistent with whole-of-government approaches to public policy and emerging models of social progress.
Chatziantoniou, Damianos
IN GREECE» ( ) Abstract Income inequality gains significance from its close relationship with social distribution in Greece utilizing alternative data sources and employing several statistic and econometric is the introduction. Chapter 2 presents a detailed literature review of income inequality in Greece. Data
The potential of carbonyl sulfide as a proxy for gross primary production at flux tower sites
Minnesota, University of
The potential of carbonyl sulfide as a proxy for gross primary production at flux tower sites J. M August 2011; published 15 November 2011. [1] Seasonal dynamics of atmospheric carbonyl sulfide (OCS of carbonyl sulfide as a proxy for gross primary production at flux tower sites, J. Geophys. Res., 116, G04019
A General Relativistic Generalization of Bell Inequality
Vladan Pankovic
2005-06-16T23:59:59.000Z
In this work a general relativistic generalization of Bell inequality is suggested. Namely,it is proved that practically in any general relativistic metric there is a generalization of Bell inequality.It can be satisfied within theories of local (subluminal) hidden variables, but it cannot be satisfied in the general case within standard quantum mechanical formalism or within theories of nonlocal (superluminal) hidden variables. It is shown too that within theories of nonlocal hidden variables but not in the standard quantum mechanical formalism a paradox appears in the situation when one of the correlated subsystems arrives at a Schwarzschild black hole. Namely, there is no way that black hole horizon obstructs superluminal influences between spin of the subsystem without horizon and spin of the subsystem within horizon,or simply speaking,there is none black hole horizon nor "no hair" theorem for subsystems with correlated spins. It implies that standard quantum mechanical formalism yields unique consistent and complete description of the quantum mechanical phenomenons.
THE EMERGENCE OF INEQUALITY IN SMALL-SCALE SOCIETIES: SIMPLE SCENARIOS AND AGENT-BASED SIMULATIONS
Smith, Eric Alden
institutionalized political and economic inequality--for most of our species' history. Non-egalitarian societies
Dynamics, space, and regional inequality in provincial China: A case study of Guangdong province
Wei, Yehua Dennis
that the policies toward inequality-reducing in Guangdong have been constrained by the geographical barriers
Human Ecology, Vol. 32, No. 3, June 2004 ( C 2004) Do Markets Worsen Economic Inequalities?
Gurven, Michael
Human Ecology, Vol. 32, No. 3, June 2004 ( C 2004) Do Markets Worsen Economic Inequalities? Kuznets,forexample,increasingincomeinequal- ities. The Kuznets hypothesis predicts that the link between income inequality and income (a proxy: economic inequality; Kuznets; Tsimane'; Bolivia; markets; globalization. INTRODUCTION Economic inequalities
Bell inequalities violated using detectors of low efficiency
Karoly F. Pal; Tamas Vertesi
2015-08-06T23:59:59.000Z
We define a family of binary outcome $n$-party $m\\leq n$ settings per party Bell inequalities whose members require the least detection efficiency for their violation among all known inequalities of the same type. This gives upper bounds for the minimum value of the critical efficiency --- below which no violation is possible --- achievable for such inequalities. For $m=2$, our family reduces to the one given by Larsson and Semitecolos in 2001. For $m>2$, a gap remains between these bounds and the best lower bounds. The violating state near the threshold efficiency always approaches a product state of $n$ qubits.
Calibration robust entanglement detection beyond Bell inequalities
Tobias Moroder; Oleg Gittsovich
2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
In its vast majority entanglement verification is examined either in the complete characterized or totally device independent scenario. The assumptions imposed by these extreme cases are often either too weak or strong for real experiments. Here we investigate this detection task for the intermediate regime where partial knowledge of the measured observables is known, considering cases like orthogonal, sharp or only dimension bounded measurements. We show that for all these assumptions it is not necessary to violate a corresponding Bell inequality in order to detect entanglement. We derive strong detection criteria that can be directly evaluated for experimental data and which are robust against large classes of calibration errors. The conditions are even capable of detecting bound entanglement under the sole assumption of dimension bounded measurements.
Rucci, A.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
T. Takayama, 1966, Inequality restric¬ tions in regressionEstima¬ tion with Inequality Restrictions on Parameters: TheLiew, C . K . , 1976b, Inequality Constrained Least-Squares
On the infimum convolution inequality and J. O. Wojtaszczyk
Latala, Rafal
study the infimum convolution inequalites. Such an inequality was first introduced by B. Maurey to give can be obtained from con- centration inequalites, and follow on to prove IC for the uniform measure
A Markov-type inequality for arbitrary plane continua
1910-51-20T23:59:59.000Z
Dec 8, 2005 ... for all polynomials f. We prove a precise version of this inequality with an arbitrary continuum in the complex plane instead of the interval. [?1,1].
Outline for Linear Equations and Inequalities of 2 variables
charlotb
2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
Outline for Linear Equations and Inequalities of 2 variables. A. 1. Substitute any value for x in the equation and solve for y. This results in a point (x, y). OR.
Sub-Riemannian isoperimetric inequalities on totally geodesic ...
Fabrice Baudoin
2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
Jan 29, 2015 ... The isoperimetric inequality writes for nice sets A. µ(A) ? Cisoµ(?A) n n?1 and the equality is achieved when A is a sphere. Ciso is called the ...
Transportation cost inequalities for diffusions under uniform distance
Ali Suleyman Ustunel
2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
We prove the transportation inequality with the uniform norm for the laws of diffusion processes with Lipschitz and/or dissipative coefficients and apply them to some singular stochastic differential equations of interest.
A simple exact separation algorithm for 2-matching inequalities.
Julian Araoz
2007-11-07T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 7, 2007 ... ldc.usb.ve). Abstract: In this work we present an exact separation algorithm for the so called co-circuit inequalities, otherwise known as parity or ...
On the Convergence of Classical Variational Inequality Algorithms
Magnanti, Thomas L.
In this paper, we establish global convergence results for projection and relaxation algorithms for solving variational inequality problems, and for the Frank-Wolfe algorithm for solving convex optimization problems defined ...
ON WEIGHTED INEQUALITIES FOR FRACTIONAL INTEGRALS OF RADIAL FUNCTIONS
De NÃ¡poli, Pablo Luis
for this operator (also called weighted Hardy-Little- wood-Sobolev inequalities) go back to G. H. Hardy and J. E for the fractional integral with general weights were later stud- ied by several people, see for example [8
Outsourcing and wage inequality in the home country
Hsu, Kuang-Chung
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation consists of three essays, which mainly talk about the wage inequality caused by outsourcing in the source countries like the US. The title of the first essay is “Does Outsourcing Always Benefit Skilled Labor? A Dynamic Product...
Quantum Fourier transform and tomographic Renyi entropic inequalities
M. A. Man'ko; V. I. Man'ko
2009-02-25T23:59:59.000Z
Renyi entropy associated with spin tomograms of quantum states is shown to obey to new inequalities containing the dependence on quantum Fourier transform. The limiting inequality for the von Neumann entropy of spin quantum states and a new kind of entropy associated with quantum Fourier transform are obtained. Possible connections with subadditivity and strong subadditivity conditions for tomographic entropies and von Neumann entropies are discussed.
What Drives the Public Mood of Income Inequality
Myers, Rebekah M
2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
on Income Inequality Move Opinion? . . . 5 1.3.1 Presidential Agenda Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.3.2 Can the President Move Opinion? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.3.3 Strategic Presidential Rhetoric... Inequality Move Opinion? 1.3.1 Presidential Agenda Setting The president is elected with expectations that he will implement the policies he advocated for in his platform during his campaign. These issues have been strate- gically predetermined...
Beyond the Gross-Pitaevskii Equation: Ground State and Low Energy Excitations for Trapped Bosons
A. Polls; A. Fabrocini
2000-11-09T23:59:59.000Z
The results of a modified Gross-Pitaevskii equation for a system of Bose hard spheres trapped in a spherical harmonic potential are analyzed to study the validity regime of the standard GP equation.
Analysis of historical gross gamma logging data from TY tank farm
MYERS, D.A.
1999-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
Gross gamma ray logs, recorded from January 1975 through mid-year 1994 as part of the Single-Shell Tank Farm Dry Well Surveillance Program, have been reanalyzed for the TY tank farm to locate the presence of mobile radionuclides in the subsurface. This report presents the TY tank farm gross gamma ray data in such a way as to assist others in their study of vadose zone mechanism.
Hipp, John R
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
James W. 1990. "Ethnic Inequality and the Rate of Homicide."Blau. 1982. "The Cost of Inequality: Metropolitan StructureSociology 83:26-54. —. 1987. Inequality and Heterogeneity :
Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 -2010
Banaji,. Murad
Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 - 2010 John Hills ...................................................................................................................20 6. Outcomes: Poverty rates on the distribution of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis
The Ford-Pfenning Quantum Inequalities(QI) Analysis applied to the Natario Warp Drive Spacetime.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
The Ford-Pfenning Quantum Inequalities(QI) Analysis applied to the Natario Warp Drive Spacetime-called Quantum Inequalities(QI) that restricts the time we can observe the negative energy density.This time
Inequalities of Hardy–Sobolev Type in Carnot–Carathéodory Spaces
Donatel
2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
Abstract We consider various types of Hardy–Sobolev inequalities on a ... A celebrated inequality of S.L. Sobolev [49] states that for any 1
Manage the Margins: Three Essays on Effective Policymaking for Social Inequality in Health
Zhu, Ling
2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation includes three studies, devoted to trying to understand inequality in health between people from different social groups in a democratic society. In the U.S., social inequality in health takes various forms and the key...
A taxonomy of descent algorithms for nonlinear programs and variational inequalities
Patriksson, Michael
A taxonomy of descent algorithms for nonlinear programs and variational inequalities Michael describes the problem and the choices of cost approximating mappings and merit functions. The taxonomy. Taxonomy, classification, nonlinear programs, variational inequalities, descent algo rithms, cost
Economic Growth, Poverty and Inequality: Indian Experience of Reforms and Development
Krivobokova, Tatyana
of Kuznets' (1955) hypothesis that income inequality increases during the early stages of development and decreases at later stages. Kuznets found an inverted U-shaped relation between income inequality and GNP per
An inequality for the trace of matrix products, using absolute values
Bernhard Baumgartner
2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The absolute value of matrices is used in order to give inequalities for the trace of products. An application gives a very short proof of the tracial matrix Hoelder inequality
Some Thoughts on the Adaptive Function of Inequity Aversion: An Alternative to Brosnans Social
Santos, Laurie R.
and explore how it may have given rise to inequality-averse behavior in social settings. We conclude
The Modal Logic of Inequality Author(s): Maarten de Rijke
de Rijke, Maarten
on the relation of inequality.The proposal to consider the D-operator is due to several people independently
A Super-Additivity Inequality for Channel Capacity of Classical-Quantum Channels
Rahul Jain
2009-02-20T23:59:59.000Z
We show a super-additivity inequality for the channel capacity of classical-quantum (c - q) channels.
Coherent control and manifestation of inequality of forward and reversed processes in optics
V. A. Kuz'menko
2004-03-12T23:59:59.000Z
The experiments with broadband down-converted light clearly show inequality of forward and reversed processes in optics.
The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Argument and the Bell Inequalities
Szabo, Laszlo E
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In 1935 Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen (EPR) published an important paper in which they claimed that the whole formalism of quantum mechanics together with what they called "Reality Criterion" imply that quantum mechanics cannot be complete. That is, there must exist some elements of reality that are not described by quantum mechanics. There must be, they concluded, a more complete description of physical reality behind quantum mechanics. There must be a state, a hidden variable, characterizing the state of affairs in the world in more details than the quantum mechanical state, something that also reflects the missing elements of reality. Under some further but quite plausible assumptions, this conclusion implies that in some spin-correlation experiments the measured quantum mechanical probabilities should satisfy particular inequalities (Bell-type inequalities). The paradox consists in the fact that quantum probabilities do not satisfy these inequalities. And this paradoxical fact has been confirmed by severa...
Multipartite Bell-type Inequality by Generalizing Wigner's Argument
Dipankar Home; Debashis Saha; Siddhartha Das
2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
Wigner's argument inferring Bell-type inequality for the EPR-Bohm entangled state is generalized here for any N-partite state. This is based on assuming for the relevant dichotomic observables the existence of the overall joint probability distributions, satisfying the locality condition, that would yield the measurable marginal probabilities. For any N, such Generalized Wigner's Inequality (GWI) is violated by quantum mechanics for all pure entangled states. The e?cacy of GWI is probed, comparing with the Seevinck-Svetlichny multipartite Bell-type inequality, by calculating threshold visibilities for the quadripartite GHZ, Cluster andWstates that determine their respective robustness with respect to the quantum mechanical violation of GWI in the presence of white noise.
Santerre, Rock
A Bayesian method for linear, inequality-constrained adjustment and its application to GPS 2005 Abstract. One of the typical approaches to linear, inequality-constrained adjustment (LICA be improved significantly and the new approach is feasible. Key words: Linear, inequality-constrained
H Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Aircraft Turbofan Engine Health Estimation
Simon, Dan
shows how inequality-constrained H filtering can be applied to aircraft engine health estimation the inequality-constrained H filter can be reduced to a standard H filter combined with a quadratic programming health parameter estimation. This paper applies inequality-constrained H filtering to estimate aircraft
A Gibbs sampler for inequality-constrained geostatistical interpolation and inverse modeling
Michalak, Anna M.
A Gibbs sampler for inequality-constrained geostatistical interpolation and inverse modeling Anna M. M. (2008), A Gibbs sampler for inequality-constrained geostatistical interpolation and inverse to inequality-constrained data and parameters. The approach is to be applicable with any variogram or covariance
Asymptotic distribution of inequality-restricted canonical correlation with application to tests for
Kuriki, Satoshi
Asymptotic distribution of inequality-restricted canonical correlation with application to tests Running Head: Inequality-restricted canonical correlation Address for correspondence: Satoshi Kuriki-way ordered contingency tables based on these models are devel- oped in a general framework of inequality-restricted
H Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Aircraft Turbofan Engine Health Estimation
Simon, Dan
, this paper shows how the inequality-constrained H filtering problem can be reduced to a standard quadratic programming problem; third, this paper shows how inequality-constrained H filtering can be applied inequality-constrained H filtering to estimate aircraft engine component efficiencies and flow capacities
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Eur J Cancer. Author manuscript Page /1 5 Social inequalities in cancer incidence and cancer ( ). With regards to cancer risk, a first comprehensive review of socioeconomic inequalities was1 published by IARC in 1997 ( ). This review covered inequalities in cancer mortality, incidence and survival and discussed
The Impact of Trade on Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: Technology vs. Comparative Advantage
Bandyopadhyay, Antar
The Impact of Trade on Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: Technology vs. Comparative: Wages, Inequality, Trade, Technology Transfer First draft, 20.09.2014 Summary During the expansion of world trade since the 1980s, measures of inequality have risen not only in developed countries, but also
Experimental Test of Bell inequalities with Six-Qubit Graph States
Wei-Bo Gao; Xing-Can Yao; Ping Xu; Otfried Gühne; Adán Cabello; Chao-Yang Lu; Tao Yang; Zeng-Bing Chen; Jian-Wei Pan
2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z
We report on the experimental realization of two different Bell inequality tests based on six-qubit linear-type and Y-shape graph states. For each of these states, the Bell inequalities tested are optimal in the sense that they provide the maximum violation among all Bell inequalities with stabilizing observables and possess the maximum resistance to noise.
Exponential inequalities for martingales and asymptotic properties of the free energy of
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Exponential inequalities for martingales and asymptotic properties of the free energy of directed exponential concentration inequalities for the free energy of directed polymers in random environment, show in terms of free energies of some multiplicative cascades, which improves an inequality of Comets
Unfair inequalities in health and health care Marc Fleurbaey and Erik Schokkaert
Nesterov, Yurii
2007/90 Unfair inequalities in health and health care Marc Fleurbaey and Erik Schokkaert #12;CORE DISCUSSION PAPER 2007/90 Unfair inequalities in health and health care Marc FLEURBAEY 1 and Erik SCHOKKAERT2 November2007 Abstract Inequalities in health and health care are caused by different factors. Measuring
The Leggett-Garg inequality in electron interferometers
Clive Emary; Neill Lambert; Franco Nori
2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the violation of the Leggett-Garg inequality in electronic Mach-Zehnder inteferometers. This set-up has two distinct advantages over earlier quantum-transport proposals: firstly, the required correlation functions can be obtained without time-resolved measurements. Secondly, the geometry of an interferometer allows one to construct the correlation functions from ideal negative measurements, which addresses the non-invasiveness requirement of the Leggett-Garg inequality. We discuss two concrete realisations of these ideas: the first in quantum Hall edge-channels, the second in a double quantum dot interferometer.
Tsirelson's bound from a Generalised Data Processing Inequality
Dahlsten, Oscar C O; Renner, Renato
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The strength of quantum correlations is bounded from above by Tsirelson's bound. We establish a connection between this bound and the fact that correlations between two systems cannot increase under local operations, a property known as the \\emph{data processing inequality}. More specifically, we consider arbitrary convex probabilistic theories. These can be equipped with an entropy measure that naturally generalizes the von Neumann entropy, as shown recently in [Short and Wehner]. We prove that if the data processing inequality holds with respect to this generalized entropy measure then the underlying theory necessarily respects Tsirelson's bound. We moreover generalise this statement to any entropy measure satisfying certain minimal requirements.
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
biome comparison of daily light-use efficiency for grossNPP): analysis of differences in light absorptionand light-use efficiency. Global Change Biol. 5, Ruimy, A. ,
Multivariate extensions of the Golden-Thompson inequality
Frank Hansen
2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
We study concave trace functions of several operator variables and formulate and prove multivariate generalisations of the Golden-Thompson inequality. The obtained results imply that certain functionals in quantum statistical mechanics have bounds of the same form as they appear in classical physics.
Submanifolds of codimension two attaining equality in an extrinsic inequality
Tojeiro, Marcos Dajczer Ruy
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We provide a parametric construction in terms of minimal surfaces of the Euclidean submanifolds of codimension two and arbitrary dimension that attain equality in an inequality due to De Smet, Dillen, Verstraelen and Vrancken. The latter involves the scalar curvature, the norm of the normal curvature tensor and the length of the mean curvature vector.
Asymptotic and Bootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures
Boyer, Edmond
Asymptotic and Bootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures by Russell Davidson samples, although inference with poverty indices is satisfactory. We find that the major cause method in moderately large samples. JEL codes: C00, C15, I32 Key words: Income distribution, poverty
Kalman Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Turbofan Engine Health Estimation
Simon, Dan
Kalman Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Turbofan Engine Health Estimation ¤ Dan Simon, OH 44115 Cleveland, OH 44135 Abstract Kalman ¯lters are often used to estimate the state variables of a dynamic system. However, in the application of Kalman ¯lters some known signal information is often either
Backward stochastic variational inequalities under weak assumptions on the data
Maticiuc, Lucian; Zalinescu, Adrian
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this paper is to study the existence and uniqueness of the solution of the backward stochastic differential equations involving the subdifferential operator $\\partial\\varphi$ (also called backward stochastic variational inequalities): \\[ {\\begin{array} [c]{l}% -dY_{t}+\\partial\\varphi(Y_{t}) dt\
Proceedings Article Differential Pricing with inequity aversion in social networks
Shamir, Ron
Proceedings Article Differential Pricing with inequity aversion in social networks Noga Alon, Tel the algorithmic problem of maximizing revenue in a network using differential pricing, where the prices offered pricing can be computed efficiently, even for arbitrary revenue functions. In contrast, we show
Optimization on linear matrix inequalities for polynomial systems control
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Optimization on linear matrix inequalities for polynomial systems control Didier Henrion1,2 Draft Many problems of systems control theory boil down to solving polynomial equations, polynomial conclude this part with applications to optimal control (design of a trajectory optimal w.r.t. a given
Averaged null energy condition and quantum inequalities in curved spacetime
Eleni-Alexandra Kontou
2015-07-22T23:59:59.000Z
The Averaged Null Energy Condition (ANEC) states that the integral along a complete null geodesic of the projection of the stress-energy tensor onto the tangent vector to the geodesic cannot be negative. ANEC can be used to rule out spacetimes with exotic phenomena, such as closed timelike curves, superluminal travel and wormholes. We prove that ANEC is obeyed by a minimally-coupled, free quantum scalar field on any achronal null geodesic (not two points can be connected with a timelike curve) surrounded by a tubular neighborhood whose curvature is produced by a classical source. To prove ANEC we use a null-projected quantum inequality, which provides constraints on how negative the weighted average of the renormalized stress-energy tensor of a quantum field can be. Starting with a general result of Fewster and Smith, we first derive a timelike projected quantum inequality for a minimally-coupled scalar field on flat spacetime with a background potential. Using that result we proceed to find the bound of a quantum inequality on a geodesic in a spacetime with small curvature, working to first order in the Ricci tensor and its derivatives. The last step is to derive a bound for the null-projected quantum inequality on a general timelike path. Finally we use that result to prove achronal ANEC in spacetimes with small curvature.
On an improvement of the Hardy-Hilbert type inequality
Guang-Sheng Chen
2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, by estimating the weight coefficient effectively, we establish an improvement of a Hardy-Hilbert type inequality proved by B.C. Yang, our main tool is Euler-Maclaurin expansion for the zeta function. As applications, some particular results are considered
Gross, James J.
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
AUTOMATIC EMOTION REGULATION 1 Mauss, I. B., Bunge, S. A., & Gross, J. J. (2007). Automatic emotion://www.blackwell-compass.com/subject/socialpsychology/ Automatic Emotion Regulation Iris B. Mauss1 , Silvia A. Bunge2 , & James J. Gross3 1 University of Denver 2 University of California, Berkeley 3 Stanford University #12;AUTOMATIC EMOTION REGULATION 2 Abstract How do
A Computational Model based on Gross' Emotion Regulation Theory1 Tibor Bosse (tbosse@few.vu.nl)
Treur, Jan
A Computational Model based on Gross' Emotion Regulation Theory1 Tibor Bosse (tbosse for emotion regulation by formalizing the model informally described by Gross (1998). The model has been of emotional response) and qualitative aspects (such as decisions to regulate one's emotion). This model
Chin, Siu A.
Fourth-order algorithms for solving the imaginary-time Gross-Pitaevskii equation in a rotating fast and accurate fourth-order algorithms for evolving the Gross-Pitaevskii equation in imaginary time. Such fourth-order algorithms are possible only with the use of forward, positive time step factorization
Note on the Zero-Energy-Limit Solution for the Modified Gross-Pitaevskii Equation
A. Kwang-Hua Chu
2006-12-06T23:59:59.000Z
The modified Gross-Pitaevskii equation was derived and solved to obtain the 1D solution in the zero-energy limit. This stationary solution could account for the dominated contributions due to the kinetic effect as well as the chemical potential in inhomogeneous Bose gases.
FOURIER COEFFICIENTS OF MODULAR FORMS ON G2 WEE TECK GAN, BENEDICT GROSS AND GORDAN SAVIN
Gan, Wee Teck
FOURIER COEFFICIENTS OF MODULAR FORMS ON G2 WEE TECK GAN, BENEDICT GROSS AND GORDAN SAVIN Abstract. We develop a theory of Fourier coefficients for modular forms on the split ex- ceptional group G2 on the group SL2(Z) is the wealth of information carried by the Fourier coefficients an(f), for n 0
A BASIC INTRODUCTION TO CONCERT SOUND ENGINEERING Compiled by Lou Gross -Jubilee Community Arts
Gross, Louis J.
A BASIC INTRODUCTION TO CONCERT SOUND ENGINEERING Compiled by Lou Gross - Jubilee Community Arts and includes details on the social aspects of being a good sound engineer along with a fairly quick overview.) Coverage: This Guide is my attempt at a summary to aid the training of volunteers in the basics of live
Handbook of Graph Theory. Edited by Jonathan L. Gross and Jay Yellen. CRC Press,
Beezer, Robert A.
Handbook of Graph Theory. Edited by Jonathan L. Gross and Jay Yellen. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 2004. ISBN 1-58488-090-2, Harcover. 1167 pp., $119.95. The "CRC Handbook" is well-known to any-familiarity to greatly expand its "Handbook" series. One of the newest entries to join titles such as the Hand- book
Gross Error Detection in Chemical Plants and Refineries for On-Line Optimization
Pike, Ralph W.
Automation - FACS DOT Products, Inc. - NOVA #12;Distributed Control System Runs control algorithmthreetimesGross Error Detection in Chemical Plants and Refineries for On-Line Optimization Xueyu Chen, Derya, Baton Rouge, LA (February 28, 2003) #12;INTRODUCTION o Status of on-line optimization o Theoretical
Gross, George
Simulation Of Energy Storage In A System With Integrated Wind Resources Yannick Degeilh, Justine-scale storage [3],[4] to facilitate the improved harnessing of the wind resources by storing wind energy Descloux, George Gross University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA Abstract Utility-scale storage
GSGPEs: a MATLAB code for computing the ground state of systems of GrossPitaevskii equations
Caliari, Marco
with an approximate line-search strategy. Keywords: Nonlinear Schr¨odinger equations, GrossPitaevskii equations, BoseEinstein to Computer Physics Communications October 11, 2012 #12;mathematically model a BoseEinstein Condensate (BEC spatial direction (test run output). 1. Introduction The first experimental realization of BoseEinstein
Copyright George Gross, 2004 1 Evolving Nature of Electricity Market Design in the U.S.
Copyright George Gross, 2004 1 Evolving Nature of Electricity Market Design in the U.S. G in the electricity sector. FERC withdrew the proposed rulemaking and replaced it with the less ambitious White Paper smoothly functioning electricity wholesale markets in the U.S. and the path taken toward the implementation
Sanjeevi, Sujeevraja
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
of these inequalities. First we introduce the mixed n-step mixed integer rounding (MIR) inequalities for a generalization of the mixing set which we refer to as the n-mixing set. The n-mixing set is a multi-constraint mixed integer set in which each constraint has n...
Inequalities for quantum channels assisted by limited resources
Vittorio Giovannetti
2005-07-04T23:59:59.000Z
The information capacities and ``distillability'' of a quantum channel are studied in the presence of auxiliary resources. These include prior entanglement shared between the sender and receiver and free classical bits of forward and backward communication. Inequalities and trade-off curves are derived. In particular an alternative proof is given that in the absence of feedback and shared entanglement, forward classical communication does not increase the quantum capacity of a channel.
Survey of Casework Mixtures A.M. Gross February 19, 2008 http://www.cstl.nist.gov/biotech mixtures #12;Survey of Casework Mixtures A.M. Gross February 19, 2008 http://www.cstl.nist.gov/biotech Mixtures A.M. Gross February 19, 2008 http://www.cstl.nist.gov/biotech/strbase/training/AAFS2008_Mixture
BK-type inequalities and generalized random-cluster representations
Berg, J van den
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Recently, van den Berg and Jonasson gave the first substantial extension of the BK inequality for non-product measures: they proved that, for k-out-of-n measures, the probability that two increasing events occur disjointly is at most the product of the two individual probabilities. We show several other extensions and modifications of the BK inequality.In particular, we prove that the antiferromagnetic Ising Curie-Weiss model satisfies the BK inequality for all increasing events. We prove that this also holds for the Curie-Weiss model with three-body interactions under the so-called Negative Lattice Condition. For the ferromagnetic Ising model we show that the probability that two events occur `cluster-disjointly' is at most the product of the two individual probabilities, and we give a more abstract form of this result for arbitrary Gibbs measures. The above cases are derived from a general abstract theorem whose proof is based on an extension of the Fortuin-Kasteleyn random-cluster representation for all pr...
Clauser-Horne/Eberhard inequality violation by a local model
Donald A. Graft
2015-08-10T23:59:59.000Z
The Clauser-Horne/Eberhard inequality has taken center stage in tests of locality thanks to its immunity to the detection loophole. I describe a local model that violates the inequality using a plausible mechanism relying upon a parameter of the apparatus, the emission rate. The effect is generated through the analysis of time-tagged data using a standard windowed coincidence method; however, the detection times are not functions of the measurement settings. The analysis does not introduce the nonlocal behavior typical of previous coincidence window models. This finding has implications for the design and interpretation of experiments, as it shows that the coincidence window loophole cannot be eliminated by a demonstration of independence of the detection times and settings. The paper describes a reliable coincidence counting method and shows that it delivers an accurate count of true coincidences. Recent experimental tests of local realism based on the Clauser-Horne/Eberhard inequality are considered and it is shown that in one case (Christensen et al.) the emission rate is appropriately limited to ensure valid counting, and the data confirms local realism; in a second case (Giustina et al.) the experiment fails to appropriately limit the emission rate, and the claimed violation can be accounted for locally.
The Political-Economic and Demographic Causes of Metropolitan Income Inequality and Its Components
Chen, XI
2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
by standardizing pay among them within industrial units, e.g. plant, factory, or firm, but also equalize pay across units and reduce inequality by narrowing the earning gap between blue collar workers and highly paid professionals and executives. Furthermore... in various industrial and occupational categories. The most widely discussed demand-side factors 22 in studies on income inequality include industrial and occupational structure, size of the public sector, racial inequality caused by discrimination...
Operator reflection positivity inequalities and their applications to interacting quantum rotors
Jacek Wojtkiewicz; Wies?aw Pusz; Piotr Stachura
2015-07-11T23:59:59.000Z
In the Reflection Positivity theory and its application to statistical mechanical systems, certain matrix inequalities play a central role. The Dyson-Lieb-Simon and Kennedy-Lieb-Shastry-Schupp inequalities constitute prominent examples. In this paper we extend the KLS-S inequality to the case where matrices are replaced by certain operators. As an application, we prove the occurrence of the long range order in the ground state of two-dimensional quantum rotors.
raSAT: SMT for Polynomial Inequality To Van Khanh and Mizuhito Ogawa
Ogawa, Mizuhito
that satisfies given polyno- mial inequality/equality. For instance, xy.-y2 +(x2 -1)y-1 > 0-x2 -y2 +4 > 0
The Decline in Inequality In Brazil, 2003-2009: The Role Of The State
Souza, Pedro H.G.F.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Calva and Lustig 2010). In Brazil, the largest country of2003. “Inequality in Brazil: The Contribution of Pensions. ”Cash Transfers in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: Impacts Upon
The effect of direct foreign investment and gross domestic investment on Indian development
Parikh, Sushrut Jitendra
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
development. On the one hand, multinationals are viewed as agents of change. They provide valuable technology and resources unavailable in the developing country. They invest human and capital resources (DFI) that help local economies develop. On the other... hand, several theorists wrongly attribute the role of multinationals as increasing inequalities by retarding NIC development. These theorists contend that multinationals use their resources as a means to enhance the well-being of industrialized...
,"Alabama--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments; Unit: PhysicalInputPrice (Dollars per Thousand CubicNonassociatedGross
Yaeger, J.S.; Smith, L.L.
1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
As a result of the U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE) environmental restoration and waste management activities, laboratories receive numerous analytical requests for gross {alpha}/{beta} analyses. Traditional sample preparation methods for gross {alpha}/{beta} analysis of environmental and mixed waste samples require repetitive leaching, which is time consuming and generates large volumes of secondary wastes. An alternative to leaching is microwave digestion. In the past. microwave technology has had limited application in the radiochemical laboratory because of restrictions on sample size resulting from vessel pressure limitations. However, new microwave vessel designs allow for pressures on the order of 11 MPa (1500 psi). A procedure is described in which microwave digestion is used to prepare environmental soil samples for gross {alpha}/{beta} analysis. Results indicate that the described procedure meets performance requirements for several soil types and is equivalent to traditional digestion techniques. No statistical differences at the 95% confidence interval exist between the measurement on samples prepared from the hot plate and microwave digestion procedures for those soils tested. Moreover, microwave digestion allows samples to be prepared in a fraction of the time with significantly less acid and with lower potential of cross-contamination. In comparison to the traditional hot plate method, the waste volumes required for the microwave procedure are a factor of 10 lower, while the analyst time for sample processing is at least a factor of three lower.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Ford-Pfenning Quantum Inequalities(QI) in the Natario Warp Drive Spacetime using the Planck Length for the warp drive are the so-called Quantum Inequalities(QI) that restricts the time we can observe
Golden, Miriam; Wallerstein, Michael
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1, 289–325. Table 1: The Causes of Growing Pay Inequality in08 Domestic and International Causes for the Rise of Paystudy to report that the causes for pay inequality di?ered
FLORIDA ATLANTIC UNIVERSITY REQUEST FOR HARDSHIP DEFERMENT
Fernandez, Eduardo
poverty line for a family of two as defined by the 2004 Federal Poverty Guidelines which is $12 Equals $ ______________________ (Funds available) ASSETS: Savings account balance (Bank Name
A Non-linear Dynamical Systems' Proof of Kraft-McMillan Inequality and its Converse
Nithin Nagaraj
2007-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
In this short paper, we shall provide a dynamical systems' proof of the famous Kraft-McMillan inequality and its converse. Kraft-McMillan inequality is a basic result in information theory which gives a necessary and sufficient condition for the lengths of the codewords of a code to be uniquely decodable.
"To Have and Have Not" Migration, Remittances, Poverty and Inequality in Algeria
Boyer, Edmond
1 "To Have and Have Not" Migration, Remittances, Poverty and Inequality in Algeria David Margolis in Idjeur being twice as large as Nedroma. At the same time, they help reduce poverty by nearly 13 that the latter do not send money home. Keywords: Remittances, Migration, Poverty, Inequality, Algeria
Economic Reforms and Gender-based Wage Inequality in the Presence of Factor Market Distortions
Bandyopadhyay, Antar
1 Economic Reforms and Gender-based Wage Inequality in the Presence of Factor Market Distortions-based wage inequality. The analysis finds that credit market reform and tariff reform produce favourable reforms, general equilibrium. JEL classifications: D50, J16, F21. The authors are thankful to Prof
Wisconsin at Madison, University of
Reforms CHRISTINA EWIG and GASTO´ N A. PALMUCCI * University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA Summary implementation. We examine the 2004 Chilean health reforms that sought to regulate private insurers, and measure their effects on gender and age inequality. We find that reforms intended to decrease these inequalities largely
WORKING PAPER N 2007 -12 Education inequalities and the Kuznets curves
Boyer, Edmond
WORKING PAPER N° 2007 - 12 Education inequalities and the Kuznets curves: a global perspective, human capital, economic history, Kuznets curve. PARIS-JOURDAN SCIENCES ECONOMIQUES LABORATOIRE D2011 #12;Education Inequalities and the Kuznets Curves: A Global Perspective Since 1870 Christian
RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. Are there environmental inequities in the distribution of large
Hall, Sharon J.
facilities and their hazardous emissions in the Phoenix metropolitan area? 2. Do patterns of inequities inequities in Phoenix change as locations and amounts of industrial emissions shift in the decade between 1990 and 2000? METHODOLOGY We begin our analysis by calculating a Hazards Density Index (HDI) for each
A macro-realism inequality for opto-electro-mechanical systems
Neill Lambert; Robert Johansson; Franco Nori
2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
We show how to apply the Leggett-Garg inequality to opto-electro-mechanical systems near their quantum ground state. We find that by using a dichotomic quantum non-demolition measurement (via, e.g., an additional circuit-QED measurement device) either on the cavity or on the nanomechanical system itself, the Leggett-Garg inequality is violated. We argue that only measurements on the mechanical system itself give a truly unambigous violation of the Leggett-Garg inequality for the mechanical system. In this case, a violation of the Leggett-Garg inequality indicates physics beyond that of "macroscopic realism" is occurring in the mechanical system. Finally, we discuss the difficulties in using unbound non-dichotomic observables with the Leggett-Garg inequality.
Ka?amajska, Agnieszka
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We derive inequality [\\int_{\\r} |f^{'}(x)|^ph(f(x))dx \\le (\\sqrt{p-1})^p\\int_{\\r}(\\sqrt{|f^{"}(x){\\cal T}_h(f(x))|})^ph(f(x))dx,] where $f$ belongs locally to Sobolev space $W^{2,1}$ and $f^{'}$ has bounded support. Here $h(...)$ is a given function and ${\\cal T}_h(...)$ is its given transform, it is independent of $p$. In case when $h\\equiv 1$ we retrieve the well known inequality: (\\int_{\\r} |f^{'}(x)|^pdx \\le (\\sqrt{p-1})^p \\int_{\\r}(\\sqrt{|f^{"}(x)f(x)|})^pdx.) Our inequalities have form similar to the classical second order Oppial inequalites. They also extend certain class of inequalities due to Mazya, used to obtain second order isoperimetric inequalities and capacitary estimates. We apply them to obtain new apriori estimates for nonlinear eigenvalue problems.
Competing mechanisms of chiral symmetry breaking in a generalized Gross-Neveu model
Boehmer, Christian; Thies, Michael [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik III, Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany)
2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Chiral symmetry of the 2-dimensional chiral Gross-Neveu model is broken explicitly by a bare mass term as well as a splitting of scalar and pseudoscalar coupling constants. The vacuum and light hadrons--mesons and baryons which become massless in the chiral limit--are explored analytically in leading order of the derivative expansion by means of a double sine-Gordon equation. Depending on the parameters, this model features new phenomena as compared to previously investigated 4-fermion models: spontaneous breaking of parity, a nontrivial chiral vacuum angle, twisted kinklike baryons whose baryon number reflects the vacuum angle, crystals with alternating baryons, and appearance of a false vacuum.
U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Offshore (Million Cubic Feet)
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production (Million Barrels)(MillionofFoot) Year JanofOthers2009 2010Gross
US--Federal Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production (Million(Million Barrels)PipelineFour-DimensionalGross Withdrawals
US--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production (Million(Million Barrels)PipelineFour-DimensionalGrossFeet)
Table 2. Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected vs. Actual
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production% of41.1Diesel pricesAdministrationpropanedrivers34. Steam8. U.S.Real Gross
Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet)
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706 802 1979-2013October 3,PercentU.S.Industrial (DataGross Withdrawals
Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells (Million Cubic Feet)
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706 802 1979-2013October 3,PercentU.S.Industrial (DataGross WithdrawalsYear Jan Feb Mar
Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells (Million Cubic Feet)
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706 802 1979-2013October 3,PercentU.S.Industrial (DataGross WithdrawalsYear Jan Feb
Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells (Million Cubic Feet)
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706 802 1979-2013October 3,PercentU.S.Industrial (DataGross WithdrawalsYear Jan FebYear
Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706 802 1979-2013October 3,PercentU.S.Industrial (DataGross WithdrawalsYear Jan
Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706 802 1979-2013October 3,PercentU.S.Industrial (DataGross WithdrawalsYear JanYear Jan
,"US--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyInput Supplemental Fuels GasNetExtensionsLiquidsProcessedRefinerSalt CavernsGross Withdrawals
Gross Gamma-Ray Calibration Blocks (May 1978) | Department of Energy
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g e OctoberEnergy Former Worker ProgramGeothermalGreener Commercial A/CSenate |GridofGridGross
,"Federal Offshore California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments;Price (DollarsWithdrawalsInjections AllImports From CanadaImportsGross
,"Federal Offshore--Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments;Price (DollarsWithdrawalsInjections AllImports FromGas WellsGross
,"Federal Offshore--Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments;Price (DollarsWithdrawalsInjections AllImportsPlant Liquids,Gross
"Table 2. Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected vs. Actual"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onsource History View NewUS National FuelYancey County, NorthDiesel3, 2013TWO Washington, D.C.43Total DeliveredReal Gross
Test of the Schrödinger functional with chiral fermions in the Gross-Neveu model
Bjorn Leder
2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The recently proposed construction of chiral fermions on lattices with boundaries is tested in an interacting theory up to first order of perturbation theory. We confirm that, in the bulk of the lattice, the chiral Ward identities take their continuum value up to cutoff effects without any tuning. Universal quantities are defined that have an expansion in the renormalised couplings with coefficients that are functions of the physical size and the periodicity in the spatial direction. These coefficient functions have to be identical for different discretisations. We find agreement with the standard Wilson fermions. The computation is done in the asymptotically free Gross-Neveu model with continuous chiral symmetry.
Averaged null energy condition and quantum inequalities in curved spacetime
Kontou, Eleni-Alexandra
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Averaged Null Energy Condition (ANEC) states that the integral along a complete null geodesic of the projection of the stress-energy tensor onto the tangent vector to the geodesic cannot be negative. ANEC can be used to rule out spacetimes with exotic phenomena, such as closed timelike curves, superluminal travel and wormholes. We prove that ANEC is obeyed by a minimally-coupled, free quantum scalar field on any achronal null geodesic (not two points can be connected with a timelike curve) surrounded by a tubular neighborhood whose curvature is produced by a classical source. To prove ANEC we use a null-projected quantum inequality, which provides constraints on how negative the weighted average of the renormalized stress-energy tensor of a quantum field can be. Starting with a general result of Fewster and Smith, we first derive a timelike projected quantum inequality for a minimally-coupled scalar field on flat spacetime with a background potential. Using that result we proceed to find the bound of a qu...
On Harrell-Stubbe Type Inequalities for the Discrete Spectrum of a Self-Adjoint Operator
Ashbaugh, Mark S
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We produce a new proof and extend results by Harrell and Stubbe for the discrete spectrum of a self-adjoint operator. An abstract approach--based on commutator algebra, the Rayleigh-Ritz principle, and an ``optimal'' usage of the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality--is used to produce ``parameter-free'', ``projection-free'' versions of their theorems. We also analyze the strength of the various inequalities that ensue. The results contain classical bounds for the eigenvalues. Extensions of a variety of inequalities \\`a la Harrell-Stubbe are illustrated for both geometric and physical problems.
On a Block Matrix Inequality quantifying the Monogamy of the Negativity of Entanglement
Koenraad M. R. Audenaert
2014-08-30T23:59:59.000Z
We convert a conjectured inequality from quantum information theory, due to He and Vidal, into a block matrix inequality and prove a special case. Given $n$ matrices $A_i$, $i=1,\\ldots,n$, of the same size, let $Z_1$ and $Z_2$ be the block matrices $Z_1:=(A_jA_i^*)_{i,j=1}^n$ and $Z_2:=(A_j^*A_i)_{i,j=1}^n$. Then the conjectured inequality is \\[ \\left(||Z_1||_1-\\trace Z_1\\right)^2 + \\left(||Z_2||_1-\\trace Z_2\\right)^2 \\le \\left(\\sum_{i\
Bouffin, Nicolas
2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z
-to-Gross Ratio Using Surrogate Variables. (August 2007) Nicolas Bouffin, M.Eng., Ecole Nationale Sup?rieure de G?ologie, Nancy (France) Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Jerry L. Jensen Net pay (NP) and net-to-gross ratio (NGR) are often crucial quantities... and Richard L. Gibson for serving on my committee. I am very thankful to the Tuck Foundation and the Texas A&M Petroleum Engineering Department for providing the funding for my studies here at Texas A&M University. Finally, my sincere thanks go to my...
Postdoctoral positions opening The Center for the Study of Social Stratification and Inequality
Keinan, Alon
from various viewpoints. In addition, the CSSI conducts comparative studies of absolute poverty with the Stanford Center for the Study of Poverty and Inequality. Applicants should hold doctoral degrees or show
On the infimum convolution inequality *yz R. Lata_laxand J. O. Wojtaszczyk{
Latala, Rafal
inequalites. Such an inequality was first introduced by B. Maurey to give the optimal concen. We show how such an optimal result can be obtained from con- centration inequalites, and follow
On the infimum convolution inequality #+# R. Latala and J. O. Wojtaszczyk
Latala, Rafal
we study the infimum convolution inequalites. Such an inequality was first introduced by B. Maurey can be obtained from conÂ centration inequalites, and follow on to prove IC for the uniform measure
The processes of industrial gold mining and inequality: a Ghanaian case study
Gawor, Natalie
2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z
The research examined how inequality manifests itself through the processes of industrial gold mining using a case study of Newmont Mining Corporations’ Ahafo Gold Mine in Ghana. The pursuit of neoliberal development and ...
An extension of Markov's Inequality Let E be a connected compact ...
An extension of Markov's Inequality. Let E be a connected compact set of logarithmic capacity 1 in the complex. plane. Is it true that for every polynomial P of ...
Galtchouk, Leonid
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An adaptive nonparametric estimation procedure is constructed for the estimation problem of heteroscedastic regression when the noise variance depends on the unknown regression. A non-asymptotic upper bound for a quadratic risk (an oracle inequality) is constructed.
Global economic changes and income inequality: a test of four competing models
Morris, Theresa Marie
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This study examines the capacity of modernization theory, dependency theory, world system theory, and political democracy theory to explain the determinants of income inequality in less developed countries. The study further ...
Testing tripartite Mermin inequalities by spectral joint-measurements of qubits
Huang, J S; Wei, L F
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
It is well known that Bell inequality supporting the local realism can be violated in quantum mechanics. Numerous tests of such a violation have been demonstrated with bipartite entanglements. Using spectral jointmeasurements of the qubits, we here propose a scheme to test the tripartite Mermin inequality (a three-qubit Bell-type inequality) with three qubits dispersively-coupled to a driven cavity. First, we show how to generate a three-qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) state by only one-step quantum operation. Then, spectral joint-measurements are introduced to directly confirm such a tripartite entanglement. Assisted by a series of single-qubit operations, these measurements are further utilized to test the Mermin inequality. The feasibility of the proposal is robustly demonstrated by the present numerical experiments.
Sharp non-asymptotic oracle inequalities for nonparametric heteroscedastic regression models
Galtchouk, Leonid
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An adaptive nonparametric estimation procedure is constructed for heteroscedastic regression when the noise variance depends on the unknown regression. A non-asymptotic upper bound for a quadratic risk (oracle inequality) is obtained
Second Law-Like Inequalities with Quantum Relative Entropy: An Introduction
Sagawa, Takahiro
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We review the basic properties of the quantum relative entropy for finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces. In particular, we focus on several inequalities that are related to the second law of thermodynamics, where the positivity and the monotonicity of the quantum relative entropy play key roles; these properties are directly applicable to derivations of the second law (e.g., the Clausius inequality). Moreover, the positivity is closely related to the quantum fluctuation theorem, while the monotonicity leads to a quantum version of the Hatano-Sasa inequality for nonequilibrium steady states. Based on the monotonicity, we also discuss the data processing inequality for the quantum mutual information, which has a similar mathematical structure to that of the second law. Moreover, we derive a generalized second law with quantum feedback control. In addition, we review a proof of the monotonicity in line with Petz.
Case studies for the multilinear Kakeya theorem andWolff-type inequalities
Kinnear, George
2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis is concerned with two different problems in harmonic analysis: the multilinear Kakeya theorem, and Wolff-type inequalities for paraboloids. Chapter 1 gives an overview of both of these problems. In Chapter ...
Lyapunov functions for evolution variational inequalities with locally prox-regular sets
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Lyapunov functions for evolution variational inequalities with locally prox-regular sets Abderrahim criterion for Lyapunov pairs of this dynamical system and some results on the asymptotic behaviour - Uniformly prox-regular set - Hypomonotonicity - Lyapunov pair - Asymptotic behaviour. Mathematics Subject
Accounting for the Change in the Gradient: Health Inequality among Infants
Lin, Wanchuan
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Accounting for the Change in the Gradient: Health InequalityLine Working Paper Series Accounting for the Change in thethe most important factor in accounting for the closing gap.
On the exact separation of rank inequalities for the maximum stable ...
2014-08-23T23:59:59.000Z
Aug 23, 2014 ... separated exactly by solving a single level integer linear program. ...... contains a number of template-free inequalities, not adhering to any specific topological ...... Management Science, 44(12, part 1):1608–1622, 1998. 19 ...
Cryptographic security of the quantum key distribution from the triangle inequality
Pawel Kurzynski; Marcin Markiewicz; Dagomir Kaszlikowski
2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the Csiszar-Korner sufficient condition for secure cryptographic key generation with the help of quantum theory can be easily derived using the triangle inequality for an information-theoretic distance.
The Collaborative Image of The City: Mapping the Inequality of Urban Perception
Schechtner, Katja
A traveler visiting Rio, Manila or Caracas does not need a report to learn that these cities are unequal; she can see it directly from the taxicab window. This is because in most cities inequality is conspicuous, but also, ...
Lloyd, Cynthia
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
population Year of most PPP Gross recent DHS/ aged 10-24primary completion rates by PPP GNI per capita. While thereranging from $1000 to $2000 PPP GNI per capita, the
Relativistic Gross-Pitaevskii equation and the cosmological Bose Einstein Condensation
Takeshi Fukuyama; Masahiro Morikawa
2006-01-30T23:59:59.000Z
We do not know 96% of the total matter in the universe at present. In this paper, a cosmological model is proposed in which Dark Energy (DE) is identified as Bose-Einstein Condensation (BEC) of some boson field. Global cosmic acceleration caused by this BEC and multiple rapid collapses of BEC into black holes etc. (=Dark Matter (DM)) are examined based on the relativistic version of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. We propose (a) a novel mechanism of inflation free from the slow-rolling condition, (b) a natural solution for the cosmic coincidence ('Why Now?') problem through the transition from DE into DM, (c) very early formation of highly non-linear objects such as black holes, which might trigger the first light as a form of quasars, and (d) log-z periodicity in the subsequent BEC collapsing time. All of these are based on the steady slow BEC process.
A modified lattice Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook model for convection heat transfer in porous media
Wang, Liang; Guo, Zhaoli
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The lattice Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook (LBGK) model has become the most popular one in the lattice Boltzmann method for simulating the convection heat transfer in porous media. However, the LBGK model generally suffers from numerical instability at low fluid viscosities and effective thermal diffusivities. In this paper, a modified LBGK model is developed for incompressible thermal flows in porous media at the representative elementary volume scale, in which the shear rate and temperature gradient are incorporated into the equilibrium distribution functions. With two additional parameters, the relaxation times in the collision process can be fixed at a proper value invariable to the viscosity and the effective thermal diffusivity. In addition, by constructing a modified equilibrium distribution function and a source term in the evolution equation of temperature field, the present model can recover the macroscopic equations correctly through the Chapman-Enskog analysis, which is another key point different from pre...
Wave chaos in the nonequilibrium dynamics of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation
Brezinova, Iva; Ludwig, Katharina; Burgdoerfer, Joachim [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Vienna University of Technology, Wiedner Hauptstrasse 8-10/136, A-1040 Vienna (Austria); Collins, Lee A. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Schneider, Barry I. [Physics Division, National Science Foundation, Arlington, Virginia 22230 (United States); Electron and Atomic Physics Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States)
2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Gross-Pitaevskii equation (GPE) plays an important role in the description of Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) at the mean-field level. The GPE belongs to the class of nonlinear Schroedinger equations which are known to feature dynamical instability and collapse for attractive nonlinear interactions. We show that the GPE with repulsive nonlinear interactions typical for BECs features chaotic wave dynamics. We find positive Lyapunov exponents for BECs expanding in periodic and aperiodic smooth external potentials, as well as disorder potentials. Our analysis demonstrates that wave chaos characterized by the exponential divergence of nearby initial wave functions is to be distinguished from the notion of nonintegrability of nonlinear wave equations. We discuss the implications of these observations for the limits of applicability of the GPE, the problem of Anderson localization, and the properties of the underlying many-body dynamics.
Minimax solution of a nonlinear system of mixed equalities and inequalities
Garcia-Palomares, U.M.
1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
A modification of a quadratic algorithm for solving a nonlinear system of mixed equalities and inequalities is proposed. Under suitable conditions, the modified algorithm always generates a local minimum of a function that represents the maximum violation of any equality of inequality of the system. A superlinear rate of convergence is achieved, when the maximum violation is null. Neither convexity nor constraint qualifications are required.
Distribution and Process of Environmental Inequity in the Brazos Valley, Texas
Hanchett, Chelsea
2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z
of the requirements for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by CHELSEA LYNNETTE HANCHETT DISTRIBUTION AND PROCESS OF ENVIRONMENTAL INEQUITY IN THE BRAZOS VALLEY, TEXAS Approved by: Research Advisor: Dr... for designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by Chelsea Lynnette Hanchett iii ABSTRACT Distribution and Process of Environmental Inequity in the Brazos Valley, Texas (April 2007) Chelsea L. Hanchett College...
Global economic changes and income inequality: a test of four competing models
Morris, Theresa Marie
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
GLOBAL ECONOMIC CHANGES AND INCOME INEQUALITY: A TEST OF FOUR COMPETING MODELS A Thesis by THERESA MARK MORRIS Submitted to the OIEce of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1996 Major Subject: Sociology GLOBAL ECONOMIC CHANGES AND INCOME INEQUALITY: A TEST OF FOUR COMPETING MODELS A Thesis by THERESA MARIE MORRIS Submitted to Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...
Energy inequalities for a model of wave propagation in cold plasma
Thomas H. Otway
2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z
Energy inequalities are derived for an elliptic-hyperbolic operator arising in plasma physics. These inequalities imply the existence of distribution and weak solutions to various closed boundary-value problems. An existence theorem is proven for a related class of Keldysh equations, and the failure of expected methods for obtaining uniqueness is discussed. The proofs use ideas recently introduced by Lupo, Morawetz, and Payne for a generalized Tricomi operator. The existence of strong solutions under open boundary conditions is also proven.
The basic Leggett inequalities don't contradict the quantum theory, neither the classical physics
Sofia Wechsler
2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z
The basic Leggett inequalities, i.e. those inequalities in which the particular assumptions of Leggett's hidden-variable model (e.g. Malus law) were not yet introduced, are usually derived using hidden-variable distributions of probabilities (although in some cases completely general, positive probabilities would lead to the same result). This fact creates sometimes the illusion that these basic inequalities are a belonging of the hidden-variable theories and are bound to contradict the quantum theory. In the present text the basic Leggett inequalities are derived in the most general way, i.e. no assumption is made that the distribution of probabilities would result from some wave function, or from some set of classical variables. The consequence is that as long as one and the same probability distribution is used in the calculus of all the averages appearing in the basic Leggett inequalities, no contradiction may occur. These inequalities may be violated only when different averages are calculated with different distributions, for example, some of them calculated with the quantum formalism and the others with some distribution of classical parameters.
Silver, Whendee
days when the ground was obscured by cloud cover. Since vegetation carbon exchange can be very dynamic there was a relationship between photosynthetic rates and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) for half hour data effect on daily gross CO2 exchange than would have been expected. Conversely, the saturation
Gross, George
Unified Architecture for Large-Scale Attested Metering Michael LeMay, George Gross, Carl A. Gunter introduce a secure architecture called an attested me- ter for advanced metering that supports large, if they are not based upon a secure system architecture, they could in fact become one of the grid's most significant
Kwokwai Chan; Cheol-Hyun Cho; Siu-Cheong Lau; Hsian-Hua Tseng
2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
For a toric Calabi-Yau (CY) orbifold $\\mathcal{X}$ whose underlying toric variety is semi-projective, we construct and study a non-toric Lagrangian torus fibration on $\\mathcal{X}$, which we call the Gross fibration. We apply the Strominger-Yau-Zaslow (SYZ) recipe to the Gross fibration of $\\mathcal{X}$ to construct its mirror with the instanton corrections coming from genus 0 open orbifold Gromov-Witten (GW) invariants, which are virtual counts of holomorphic orbi-disks in $\\mathcal{X}$ bounded by fibers of the Gross fibration. We explicitly evaluate all these invariants by first proving an open/closed equality and then employing the toric mirror theorem for suitable toric (partial) compactifications of $\\mathcal{X}$. Our calculations are then applied to (1) prove a conjecture of Gross-Siebert on a relation between genus 0 open orbifold GW invariants and mirror maps of $\\mathcal{X}$ -- this is called the open mirror theorem, which leads to an enumerative meaning of mirror maps, and (2) demonstrate how open (orbifold) GW invariants for toric CY orbifolds change under toric crepant resolutions -- an open analogue of Ruan's crepant resolution conjecture.
Scheichl, Robert
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
shed light on the rich phenomenology of both the original and extended adaptive voter models, includingRogers, T. C. and Gross, T. (2013) Consensus time and conformity in the adaptive voter model in the adaptive voter model Tim Rogers Centre for Networks and Collective Behaviour, Department of Mathematical
Grosse-Kunstleve, Ralf
Experience converting a large Fortran-77 program to C++ Ralf W. Grosse-Kunstleve, Thomas C. Terwilliger, Paul D. Adams Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, BLDG 64R0121, Berkeley-fitting, and prime-and-switch minimum bias phasing (Terwilliger 2000, Terwilliger 2003). In recent years it has been
Cushing, Lara; Morello-Frosch, Rachel; Wander, Madeline; Pastor, Manuel
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
to disaster in the climate change game. Clim. Change 120:to a public fund to prevent climate change. Inequalities ina primary driver of climate change. Although climate change
Sakamoto, Arthur; Kim, ChangHwan
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Is the trend towards rising earnings inequality associated with increased exploitation? The authors investigate exploitation among workers using data for manufacturing industries. Defined as the underpayment of earnings ...
The Penrose inequality on perturbations of the Schwarzschild exterior
Spyros Alexakis
2015-06-21T23:59:59.000Z
We prove a version the Penrose inequality for black hole space-times which are perturbations of the Schwarzschild exterior in a slab around a null hypersurface $\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$. $\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$ terminates at past null infinity $\\mathcal{I}^-$ and $\\mathcal{S}_0:=\\partial\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$ is chosen to be a marginally outer trapped sphere. We show that the area of $\\mathcal{S}_0$ yields a lower bound for the Bondi energy of sections of past null infinity, thus also for the total ADM energy. Our argument is perturbative, and rests on suitably deforming the initial null hypersurface $\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$ to one for which the natural "luminosity" foliation originally introduced by Hawking yields a monotonically increasing Hawking mass, and for which the leaves of this foliation become asymptotically round. It is to ensure the latter (essential) property that we perform the deformation of the initial nullhypersurface $\\underline{\\mathcal{N}}_0$.
Global Inequality in Energy Consumption from 1980 to 2010
Lawrence, Scott; Yakovenko, Victor M
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the global probability distribution of energy consumption per capita around the world using data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) for 1980-2010. We find that the Lorenz curves have moved up during this time period, and the Gini coefficient G has decreased from 0.66 in 1980 to 0.55 in 2010, indicating a decrease in inequality. The global probability distribution of energy consumption per capita in 2010 is close to the exponential distribution with G=0.5. We attribute this result to the globalization of the world economy, which mixes the world and brings it closer to the state of maximal entropy. We argue that global energy production is a limited resource that is partitioned among the world population. The most probable partition is the one that maximizes entropy, thus resulting in the exponential distribution function. A consequence of the latter is the law of 1/3: the top 1/3 of the world population consumes 2/3 of produced energy. We also find similar results for the global pro...
Treur, Jan
A Dynamical System Modelling Approach to Gross' Model of Emotion Regulation Tibor Bosse (tbosse introduces a computational model for emotion regulation formalising the model informally described by Gross a computational model to simulate emotion regulation, based on the process model described informally by Gross
Failure of the gross theory of beta decay in neutron deficient nuclei
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Firestone, R. B.; Schwengner, R.; Zuber, K.
2015-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
The neutron deficient isotopes 117-121Xe, 117-124Cs, and 122-124Ba were produced by a beam of 28Si from the LBNL SuperHILAC on a target of natMo. The isotopes were mass separated and their beta decay schemes were measured with a Total Absorption Spectrometer (TAS). The beta strengths derived from these data decreased dramatically to levels above ?1 MeV for the even-even decays; 3–4 MeV for even-Z, odd-N decays; 4–5 MeV for the odd-Z, even-N decays; and 7–8 MeV for the odd-Z, odd-N decays. The decreasing strength to higher excitation energies in the daughters contradicts the predictions of the Gross Theory of Betamore »Decay. The integrated beta strengths are instead found to be consistent with shell model predictions where the single-particle beta strengths are divided amoung many low-lying levels. The experimental beta strengths determined here have been used calculate the half-lives of 143 neutron deficient nuclei with Z=51–64 to a precision of 20% with respect to the measured values.« less
Weak decay processes in pre-supernova core evolution within the gross theory
Ferreira, R. C. [Departamento de Estudos Básicos e Instrumentais, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, BA (Brazil); Dimarco, A. J.; Samana, A. R. [Departamento de Ciências Exatas e Tecnológicas, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, BA (Brazil); Barbero, C. A., E-mail: roberto@uesb.edu.br [Departamento de Física, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67, 1900 La Plata (Argentina)
2014-03-20T23:59:59.000Z
The beta decay and electron capture rates are of fundamental importance in the evolution of massive stars in a pre-supernova core. The beta decay process gives its contribution by emitting electrons in the plasma of the stellar core, thereby increasing pressure, which in turn increases the temperature. From the other side, the electron capture removes free electrons from the plasma of the star core contributing to the reduction of pressure and temperature. In this work we calculate the beta decay and electron capture rates in stellar conditions for 63 nuclei of relevance in the pre-supernova stage, employing Gross Theory as the nuclear model. We use the abundances calculated with the Saha equations in the hypothesis of nuclear statistical equilibrium to evaluate the time derivative of the fraction of electrons. Our results are compared with other evaluations available in the literature. They have shown to be one order less or equal than the calculated within other models. Our results indicate that these differences may influence the evolution of the star in the later stages of pre-supernova.
Bourke, Mary C.
inequalityT (in contrast to the more blatant, traditional forms) as the denial of continued discrimination
Shigekawa, Ichiro
The Meyer inequality for the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator in L1 and probabilistic) ABSTRACT We discuss the Meyer inequality for the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator in L1. The Doob type introduce several kinds of norms in the Sobolev space. The equivale* *nce of norms is important and Meyer
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Long Term Dynamics of Inequalities between French Households concerning Automobile COLLET, Roger TERM DYNAMICS OF INEQUALITIES BETWEEN FRENCH HOUSEHOLDS CONCERNING AUTOMOBILE Roger Collet, INRETS of automobile. As the curves representing car ownership (number of cars per adult) and car use (annual mileage
The Golden-Thompson inequality: Historical aspects and random matrix applications
Forrester, Peter J., E-mail: p.forrester@ms.unimelb.edu.au; Thompson, Colin J. [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)] [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)
2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Golden-Thompson inequality, Tr?(e{sup A+B}) ? Tr?(e{sup A}e{sup B}) for A, B Hermitian matrices, appeared in independent works by Golden and Thompson published in 1965. Both of these were motivated by considerations in statistical mechanics. In recent years the Golden-Thompson inequality has found applications to random matrix theory. In this article, we detail some historical aspects relating to Thompson's work, giving in particular a hitherto unpublished proof due to Dyson, and correspondence with Pólya. We show too how the 2 × 2 case relates to hyperbolic geometry, and how the original inequality holds true with the trace operation replaced by any unitarily invariant norm. In relation to the random matrix applications, we review its use in the derivation of concentration type lemmas for sums of random matrices due to Ahlswede-Winter, and Oliveira, generalizing various classical results.
The Golden-Thompson inequality --- historical aspects and random matrix applications
Peter J. Forrester; Colin J. Thompson
2014-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
The Golden-Thompson inequality, ${\\rm Tr} \\, (e^{A + B}) \\le {\\rm Tr} \\, (e^A e^B)$ for $A,B$ Hermitian matrices, appeared in independent works by Golden and Thompson published in 1965. Both of these were motivated by considerations in statistical mechanics. In recent years the Golden-Thompson inequality has found applications to random matrix theory. In this survey article we detail some historical aspects relating to Thompson's work, giving in particular an hitherto unpublished proof due to Dyson, and correspondence with P\\'olya. We show too how the $2 \\times 2$ case relates to hyperbolic geometry, and how the original inequality holds true with the trace operation replaced by any unitarily invariant norm. In relation to the random matrix applications, we review its use in the derivation of concentration type lemmas for sums of random matrices due to Ahlswede-Winter, and Oliveira, generalizing various classical results.
A generalization of the Entropy Power Inequality to Bosonic Quantum Systems
Giacomo De Palma; Andrea Mari; Vittorio Giovannetti
2015-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
In most communication schemes information is transmitted via travelling modes of electromagnetic radiation. These modes are unavoidably subject to environmental noise along any physical transmission medium and the quality of the communication channel strongly depends on the minimum noise achievable at the output. For classical signals such noise can be rigorously quantified in terms of the associated Shannon entropy and it is subject to a fundamental lower bound called entropy power inequality. Electromagnetic fields are however quantum mechanical systems and then, especially in low intensity signals, the quantum nature of the information carrier cannot be neglected and many important results derived within classical information theory require non-trivial extensions to the quantum regime. Here we prove one possible generalization of the Entropy Power Inequality to quantum bosonic systems. The impact of this inequality in quantum information theory is potentially large and some relevant implications are considered in this work.
Dvoretzky--Kiefer--Wolfowitz Inequalities for the Two-sample Case
Wei, Fan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Dvoretzky--Kiefer--Wolfowitz (DKW) inequality says that if $F_n$ is an empirical distribution function for variables i.i.d.\\ with a distribution function $F$, and $K_n$ is the Kolmogorov statistic $\\sqrt{n}\\sup_x|(F_n-F)(x)|$, then there is a finite constant $C$ such that for any $M>0$, $\\Pr(K_n>M) \\leq C\\exp(-2M^2).$ Massart proved that one can take C=2 (DKWM inequality) which is sharp for $F$ continuous. We consider the analogous Kolmogorov--Smirnov statistic $KS_{m,n}$ for the two-sample case and show that for $m=n$, the DKW inequality holds with C=2 if and only if $n\\geq 458$. For $n_0\\leq n2$ depending on $n_0$. For $m\
Sudden violation of the CHSH inequality in a two qubits system
Mazzola, Laura
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
I study the dynamics of the violation of the CHSH inequality for two qubits interacting with a common zero-temperature non-Markovian environment. I demonstrate sudden violation of the inequality for two qubits initially prepared in a factorized state. Due to the strong coupling between the qubits and the reservoir, the dynamics is characterized by numerous sharp revivals. Furthermore I focus on a more realistic physical system in which the spontaneous emission for the qubits is taken into account. When including spontaneous emission even for small decay parameters, revivals in the violation are heavily damped out. If the decay rates exceed a certain threshold, the inequality turns out to be always satisfied.
Sudden violation of the CHSH inequality in a two qubits system
Laura Mazzola
2010-02-04T23:59:59.000Z
I study the dynamics of the violation of the CHSH inequality for two qubits interacting with a common zero-temperature non-Markovian environment. I demonstrate sudden violation of the inequality for two qubits initially prepared in a factorized state. Due to the strong coupling between the qubits and the reservoir, the dynamics is characterized by numerous sharp revivals. Furthermore I focus on a more realistic physical system in which the spontaneous emission for the qubits is taken into account. When including spontaneous emission even for small decay parameters, revivals in the violation are heavily damped out. If the decay rates exceed a certain threshold, the inequality turns out to be always satisfied.
Banaji,. Murad
WP05 Labour's record on cash transfers, poverty, inequality and the lifecycle 1997-2010 Labour of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis will include and on poverty and inequality particularly. This provides a baseline for analysing and understanding the changes
Svetlichny's inequality and genuine tripartite nonlocality in three-qubit pure states
Rungta, Pranaw
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The violation of the Svetlichny's inequality [Phys. Rev. D 35, 3066 (1987)] is sufficient but not necessary for genuine tripartite nonlocal correlations. Here we quantify the relationship between tripartite entanglement and the maximum expectation value of the Svetlichny operator (which is bounded from above by the inequality) for the two inequivalent classes of pure three-qubit states: the GHZ-class and the W-class. The maximum for the GHZ-class states is related to the amount of the three-tangle of these states; whereas for the W-class states the maximum is a function of the concurrences of the three reduced states.
Jensen's Inequality for g-Convex Function under g-Expectation
Jia, Guangyan
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A real valued function defined on}$\\mathbb{R}$ {\\small is called}$g${\\small --convex if it satisfies the following \\textquotedblleft generalized Jensen's inequality\\textquotedblright under a given}$g${\\small -expectation, i.e., }$h(\\mathbb{E}^{g}[X])\\leq \\mathbb{E}% ^{g}[h(X)]${\\small, for all random variables}$X$ {\\small such that both sides of the inequality are meaningful. In this paper we will give a necessary and sufficient conditions for a }$C^{2}${\\small -function being}$% g ${\\small -convex. We also studied some more general situations. We also studied}$g${\\small -concave and}$g${\\small -affine functions.
Averaged Energy Inequalities for Non-Minimally Coupled Classical Scalar Fields
Lutz W. Osterbrink
2006-12-11T23:59:59.000Z
The stress-energy tensor for the non-minimally coupled scalar field is known not to satisfy the pointwise energy conditions, even on the classical level. We show, however, that local averages of the classical stress-energy tensor satisfy certain inequalities and give bounds for averages along causal geodesics. It is shown that in vacuum background spacetimes, ANEC and AWEC are satisfied. Furthermore we use our result to show that in the classical situation we have an analogue to the so called quantum interest conjecture. These results lay the foundations for averaged energy inequalities for the quantised non-minimally coupled fields.
Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 -2010
Banaji,. Murad
Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 - 2010 John Hills changes in the UK since 2007, particularly their impact on the distribution of wealth, poverty, income, charting their approach and assessing their impact on the distribution of outcomes and on poverty
A Rearrangement Inequality and the Permutahedron Author(s): A. Vince
Vince, Andrew
to thisnote. REFERENCE 1. J.J.Rotman,The Theoryofgroups,An Introduction,3rded.,Allynand Bacon. A RearrangementInequalityandthe-Littlewood-Polyainequality,fromwhichthe inequalitiesabove and manyotherrearrangementinequalitiesimmediatelyfollow. In [5] rearrangementinequalitiesare back at least to Schur[10] and is a unifyingprincipalformanytypesof inequalities.The intentionin
THE CLAUSIUS INEQUALITY AND THE MATHEMATICAL STATEMENT OF THE SECOND LAW
Ronis, David M.
, T Carnot Engine where C is a reversible Carnot engine which takes heat -d- Qs from a part of the system our definition of efficiency and the fact that the efficiencies of all reversible Carnot engine initial state (A) along a reversible path II. If we apply the Clausius inequality to this cycle, we have B
Styles, Vanessa
FOR SUPERCONDUCTIVITY C.M. ELLIOTT, D. KAY #3; AND V.STYLES y CENTRE FOR MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS AND ITS APPLICATIONS long cylindrical superconductor subject to a transverse magnetic #12;eld. We prove an error between of an evolutionary variational inequality arising from a critical state model for a type-II superconductor
Ito-Wiener chaos expansion with exact residual and correlation, variance inequalities
Hu, Yaozhong
1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
We give a formula of expanding the solution of a stochastic differential equation (abbreviated as SDE) into a finite Ito-Wiener chaos with explicit residual. And then we apply this formula to obtain several inequalities for diffusions such as FKG...
The Communications Revolution and Health Inequalities in the 21st Century
Illinois at Chicago, University of
The Communications Revolution and Health Inequalities in the 21st Century: Promises and Pitfalls K. Viswanath Harvard School of Public Health DanaFarber Cancer Institute DanaFarber/Harvard Cancer Center 2013 IHRP Distinguished Lecture Institute for Health Research & Policy University of Illinois
Modeling of Electric Power Supply Chain Networks with Fuel Suppliers Variational Inequalities
Nagurney, Anna
decision-makers, including fuel suppliers, power generators, suppliers, as well as the transmission serviceModeling of Electric Power Supply Chain Networks with Fuel Suppliers via Variational Inequalities Dmytro Matsypura1 , Anna Nagurney1,2 , and Zugang Liu1 1 Department of Finance and Operations Management
Jones, Nathan
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
mechanisms is to reduce the computational time needed to simulate a problem. The focus of this work is on the validity of reduced methane-air combustion mechanisms, particularly pertaining to satisfying the entropy inequality. While much of this work involves...
HOMODYNING BELL'S INEQUALITY G. M. D'Ariano1,2
D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro
experiment to test Bell's inequality that involve optical radiation the source emits a pair of correlated and BS denote `polarizing beam splitter' and `conventional beam splitter' respectively. Input radiation at radiofrequency are detected, yielding the value of the quadratures of the field modes a , b, a and b
Nagurney, Anna
An Efficiency Measure for Dynamic Networks Modeled as Evolutionary Variational Inequalities propose an efficiency/performance measure for dynamic net- works, which have been modeled as evolutionary and their rankings. We provide both continuous time and discrete time versions of the efficiency measure. We
Valid Inequalities for the Pooling Problem with Binary Variables Claudia D'Ambrosio
Linderoth, Jeffrey T.
the utility of the inequalities when used in a global optimization solver. Department of Industrial refining, wastewater treatment, and general chemical engineering process design [2, 12, 1, 4]. Different. For example, this variant of the pooling problem is relevant for crude oil scheduling operations [6, 14
Graphical User Interface Software for Gross Defect Detection at the Atucha-I Plant
Wong, A C; Sitaraman, S; Ham, Y S; Peixoto, O
2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z
At the Atucha-I pressurized heavy water reactor in Argentina, fuel assemblies in the spent fuel pools are stored by suspending them in two vertically stacked layers. This introduces the unique problem of verifying the presence of fuel in either layer without physically moving the fuel assemblies. Movement of fuel, especially from the lower layer, would involve a major effort on the part of the operator. Given that the facility uses both natural uranium and slightly enriched uranium at 0.85 w% {sup 235}U, and has been in operation since 1974, a wide range of burnups and cooling times can exist in any given pool. Additionally, while fuel assemblies are grouped together in a uniform fashion, the packing density from group to group can vary within a single pool. A tool called the Spent Fuel Neutron Counter (SFNC) was developed and successfully tested at the site to verify, in an in-situ condition, the presence of fuel up to burnups of 8,000 MWd/t. Since the neutron source term becomes a nonlinear function of burnup beyond this burnup, a new algorithm was developed to predict expected response from the SFNC at measurement locations covering the entire range of burnups, cooling times, and initial enrichments. With the aid of a static database of parameters including intrinsic sources and energy group-wise detector response functions, as well as explicit spent fuel information including burnups, cooling times, enrichment types, and spacing between fuel assemblies, an expected response for any given location can be calculated by summing the contributions from the relevant neighboring fuel assemblies. Thus, the new algorithm maps the expected responses across the various pools providing inspectors with a visual aid in verifying the presence of the spent fuel assemblies. This algorithm has been fully integrated into a standalone application built in LabVIEW. The GUI uses a step-by-step approach to allow the end-user to first calibrate the predicted database against a set of measurements with SFNC at selected locations where spent fuel is present. Once the database is calibrated it can be used to detect gross defects by comparing the measured signal to the one predicted by the database with differences beyond a set tolerance indicating missing fuel.
Zhou Gang; Michael Weinstein
2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z
Nonlinear Schrodinger / Gross-Pitaevskii equations play a central role in the understanding of nonlinear optical and macroscopic quantum systems. The large time dynamics of such systems is governed by interactions of the nonlinear ground state manifold, discrete neutral modes (``excited states'') and dispersive radiation. Systems with symmetry, in spatial dimensions larger than one, typically have degenerate neutral modes. Thus, we study the large time dynamics of systems with degenerate neutral modes. This requires a new normal form (nonlinear matrix Fermi Golden Rule) governing the system's large time asymptotic relaxation to the ground state (soliton) manifold.
Vishwanath Shukla; Marc Brachet; Rahul Pandit
2014-11-23T23:59:59.000Z
We present algorithms for the ab-initio determination of the temperature ($T$) dependence of the mutual-friction coefficients $\\alpha$ and $\\alpha'$ and the normal-fluid density $\\rho_{\\rm n}$ in the two-dimensional (2D) Galerkin-truncated Gross-Pitaevskii system. Our algorithms enable us to determine $\\alpha(T)$, even though fluctuations in 2D are considerably larger than they are in 3D. We also examine the implications of our measurements of $\\alpha'(T)$ for the Iordanskii force, whose existence is often questioned.
Coxhead, Ian
A-1 Trade And Inequality With Limited Labor Mobility: Theory And Evidence From China Muqun Li ........................................................................................ 2 A.3. Trade balance conditions................................................................................ 9 A.8. Trade balance condition rewriting 2
Chintala, Rohit
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
Numerical methods of designing control systems are currently an active area of research. Convex optimization with linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) is one such method. Control objectives like minimizing the H_2, H_infinity norms, limiting...
A. W. Beckwith
2004-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
The tunneling Hamiltonian has proven to be a useful method in many body physics to treat particle tunneling between different states represented as wave functions. Here we present a generalization of the tunneling Hamiltonian to quantum field theory, in which tunneling between states represented as wave functionals of a scalar quantum field is considered. We examine quantum decay of the false vacuum in the driven Sine-Gordon system, and show it is consistent with the tunneling formalism derived here and matches up with the soliton - anti soliton separation obtained from the Bogomil'nyi inequality. This inequality permits construction of a gaussian wave functional representation of soliton - anti soliton nucleated states and is consistent with respect to the false vacuum hypothesis
Mass angular momentum inequality for axisymmetric vacuum data with small trace
Zhou, Xin
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we proved the mass angular momentum inequality\\cite{D1}\\cite{ChrusLiWe}\\cite{SZ} for axisymmetric, asymptotically flat, vacuum constraint data sets with small trace. Given an initial data set with small trace, we construct a boost evolution spacetime of the Einstein vacuum equations as \\cite{ChOM}. Then a perturbation method is used to solve the maximal surface equation in the spacetime under certain growing condition at infinity. When the initial data set is axisymmetric, we get an axisymmetric maximal graph with the same ADM mass and angular momentum as the given data. The inequality follows from the known results\\cite{D1}\\cite{ChrusLiWe}\\cite{SZ} about the maximal graph.
Experimental violation of a d-dimensional Bell inequality using energy-time entangled photons
Sacha Schwarz; Bänz Bessire; André Stefanov
2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z
We experimentally study the violation of the CGLMP inequality for entangled 2-qubit and 2-qutrit states with different degrees of entanglement using numerically optimized measurement settings. The qudits are encoded and manipulated in the frequency spectrum of broadband energy-time entangled photons by taking into account a spatial light modulator. The latter allows to discretize the spectrum into bins. By controlling each frequency bin individually, the generation of maximally and non-maximally entangled qutrits is verified through quantum state tomography.
Noncommuting local common causes for correlations violating the Clauser-Horne inequality
Gábor Hofer-Szabó; Péter Vecsernyés
2012-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
In the paper the EPR-Bohm scenario will be reproduced in an algebraic quantum field theoretical setting with locally finite degrees of freedom. It will be shown that for a set of spatially separated correlating events (projections) maximally violating the Clauser-Horne inequality there can be given a common causal explanation if commutativity is abandoned between the common cause and the correlating events. Moreover, the noncommuting common cause will be local and supported in the common past of the correlating events.
Inequality in Societies, Academic Institutions and Science Journals: Gini and k-indices
Ghosh, Asim; Chakrabarti, Bikas K
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Social inequality is traditionally measured by the Gini-index ($g$). Most of the estimates of the income or wealth data indicate the $g$ value to be widely dispersed across the countries of the world: \\textit{g} values typically range from $0.30$ to $0.65$ at a particular time (year). We estimated similarly the Gini-index for the citations earned by the yearly publications of various academic institutions and the science journals. The ISI web of science data suggests remarkably strong inequality and universality ($g=0.70\\pm0.07$) across all the universities and institutions of the world, while for the journals we find $g=0.65\\pm0.15$ for any typical year. We define a new inequality measure, namely the $k$-index, saying that the cumulative income or citations of ($1-k$) fraction of people or papers exceed those earned by the fraction ($k$) of the people or publications respectively. We find, while the $k$-index value for income ranges from $0.60$ to $0.75$ for income distributions across the world, it has a va...
An Improvement to a Berezin-Li-Yau type inequality for the Klein-Gordon Operator
Yolcu, Selma Yildirim
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this article we improve a lower bound for $\\sum_{j=1}^k\\beta_j$ (a Berezin-Li-Yau type inequality) in [E. M. Harrell II and S. Yildirim Yolcu, Eigenvalue inequalities for Klein-Gordon Operators, J. Funct. Analysis, 256(12) (2009) 3977-3995]. Here $\\beta_j$ denotes the $j$th eigenvalue of the Klein Gordon Hamiltonian $H_{0,\\Omega}=|p|$ when restricted to a bounded set $\\Omega\\subset {\\mathbb R}^n$. $H_{0,\\Omega}$ can also be described as the generator of the Cauchy stochastic process with a killing condition on $\\partial \\Omega$. (cf. [R. Banuelos, T. Kulczycki, Eigenvalue gaps for the Cauchy process and a Poincare inequality, J. Funct. Anal. 211 (2) (2004) 355-423]; [R. Banuelos, T. Kulczycki, The Cauchy process and the Steklov problem, J. Funct. Anal. 234 (2006) 199-225].) To do this, we adapt the proof of Melas ([ A. D. Melas, A lower bound for sums of eigenvalues of the Laplacian, Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, 131(2) (2002) 631-636]), who improved the estimate for the bound of $\\sum_...
Wigner's form of the Leggett-Garg inequality, No-Signalling in Time, and Unsharp Measurements
Debashis Saha; Shiladitya Mal; Prasanta K. Panigrahi; Dipankar Home
2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z
Wigner's form of the local realist inequality is used to derive its temporal version for an oscillating two-level system involving two-time joint probabilities. Such an inequality may be regarded as a novel form of the Leggett-Garg inequality (LGI) constituting a necessary condition for macrorealism. The robustness of its quantum mechanical (QM) violation against unsharpness of measurement is investigated by using a suitable model of unsharp measurements. It is found that there exists a range of values of the sharpness parameter (characterizing precision of the relevant measurements) for which the usual LGI is satisfied by QM, but Wigner's form of the LGI (WLGI) is violated. This implies that for such unsharp measurements, the QM violation of macrorealism cannot be tested using the usual LGI, but can be tested using WLGI. In showing this, we take into account the general form of the usual LGI involving an arbitrary number of pairs of two-time correlation functions. Another recently proposed necessary condition for macrorealism, called `no-signalling in time', is also probed, showing that its QM violation persists for arbitrarily unsharp measurements.
48 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production. Stainless- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption was about $408 million as measured
44 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic chromium chemicals and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal was predominantly for the production of stainless and heat-resisting steel and superalloys
48 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic chromium chemicals, chromium ferroalloys, and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal by end use was: stainless and heat-resisting steel, 76%; full-alloy steel, 8
46 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic chromium chemicals and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal was predominantly for the production of stainless and heat-resisting steel and superalloys
48 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production. Imported chromite was consumed by one chemical firm to produce chromium chemicals. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal was predominantly for the production of stainless and heat-resisting steel
42 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption in 2010 was $883 million as measured by the value
42 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and chromium metal. Stainless- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption in 2008 was $1,283 million
48 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal was predominantly for the production of stainless and heat-resisting steel and superalloys, respectively. The value
42 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production company produced chromium metal. Stainless- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption in 2011 was $1
46 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production. Imported chromite was consumed by one chemical firm to produce chromium chemicals. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal was predominantly for the production of stainless and heat-resisting steel
44 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic chromium chemicals, chromium ferroalloys, and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal by end use was: stainless and heat-resisting steel, 74%; full-alloy steel
42 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption in 2009 was $358 million as measured by the value
44 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production. Stainless- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption in 2007 was $548 million as measured
44 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic chromium chemicals, chromium ferroalloys, and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal by end use was: stainless and heat-resisting steel, 68%; full-alloy steel, 8
Pace, Michael L.
Virtual water transfers unlikely to redress inequality in global water use This article has been) 024017 (6pp) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/2/024017 Virtual water transfers unlikely to redress inequality in global water use D A Seekell, P D'Odorico and M L Pace Department of Environmental Sciences, University
Rahul Kumar; Sankalpa Ghosh
2015-03-13T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the general quantum state of synthetically spin-orbit coupled ultra cold bosonic atom whose condensate was experimentally created recently ( Y. J. Lin {\\it et al.}, Nature, {\\bf 471}, 83, (2011)), shows entanglement between motional degrees of freedom ( momentum) and internal degrees of freedom (hyperfine spin). We demonstrate the violation of Bell-like inequality (CHSH) for such states that provides a unique opportunity to verify fundamental principle like quantum non-contextuality for commutating observables which are not spatially separated. We analyze in detail the Rabi oscillation executed by such atom-laser system and how that influneces quantities like entanglement entropy, violation of Bell like Inequality etc. We also discuss the implication of our result in testing the quantum non-contextuality and Bell's Inequality vioaltion by macroscopic quantum object like Bose-Einstein Condensate of ultra cold atoms.
Black Hole Enthalpy and an Entropy Inequality for the Thermodynamic Volume
M. Cvetic; G. W. Gibbons; D. Kubiznak; C. N. Pope
2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z
In a theory where the cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ or the gauge coupling constant $g$ arises as the vacuum expectation value, its variation should be included in the first law of thermodynamics for black holes. This becomes $dE= TdS + \\Omega_i dJ_i + \\Phi_\\alpha d Q_\\alpha + \\Theta d \\Lambda$, where $E$ is now the enthalpy of the spacetime, and $\\Theta$, the thermodynamic conjugate of $\\Lambda$, is proportional to an effective volume $V = -\\frac{16 \\pi \\Theta}{D-2}$ "inside the event horizon." Here we calculate $\\Theta$ and $V$ for a wide variety of $D$-dimensional charged rotating asymptotically AdS black hole spacetimes, using the first law or the Smarr relation. We compare our expressions with those obtained by implementing a suggestion of Kastor, Ray and Traschen, involving Komar integrals and Killing potentials, which we construct from conformal Killing-Yano tensors. We conjecture that the volume $V$ and the horizon area $A$ satisfy the inequality $R\\equiv ((D-1)V/{\\cal A}_{D-2})^{1/(D-1)}\\, ({\\cal A}_{D-2}/A)^{1/(D-2)}\\ge1$, where ${\\cal A}_{D-2}$ is the volume of the unit $(D-2)$-sphere, and we show that this is obeyed for a wide variety of black holes, and saturated for Schwarzschild-AdS. Intriguingly, this inequality is the "inverse" of the isoperimetric inequality for a volume $V$ in Euclidean $(D-1)$ space bounded by a surface of area $A$, for which $R\\le 1$. Our conjectured {\\it Reverse Isoperimetric Inequality} can be interpreted as the statement that the entropy inside a horizon of a given "volume" $V$ is maximised for Schwarzschild-AdS. The thermodynamic definition of $V$ requires a cosmological constant (or gauge coupling constant). However, except in 7 dimensions, a smooth limit exists where $\\Lambda$ or $g$ goes to zero, providing a definition of $V$ even for asymptotically-flat black holes.
Marcin Pawlowski
2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z
We show that monogamy of Bell's inequality violations, which is strictly weaker condition than no-signaling is enough to prove security of quantum key distribution. We derive our results for a whole class of monogamy constraints and generalize our results to any theory that communicating parties may have access to. Some of these theories do not respect no-signaling principle yet still allow for secure communication. This proves that no-signaling is only a sufficient condition for the possibility of secure communication, but not the necessary one. We also present some new qualitative results concerning the security of existing quantum key distribution protocols.
An absolute quantum energy inequality for the Dirac field in curved spacetime
Calvin J. Smith
2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum Weak Energy Inequalities (QWEIs) are results which limit the extent to which the smeared renormalised energy density of a quantum field can be negative. On globally hyperbolic spacetimes the massive quantum Dirac field is known to obey a QWEI in terms of a reference state chosen arbitrarily from the class of Hadamard states; however, there exist spacetimes of interest on which state-dependent bounds cannot be evaluated. In this paper we prove the first QWEI for the massive quantum Dirac field on four dimensional globally hyperbolic spacetime in which the bound depends only on the local geometry; such a QWEI is known as an absolute QWEI.
Energy-time and frequency-time uncertainty relations: exact inequalities
V. V. Dodonov; A. V. Dodonov
2015-04-03T23:59:59.000Z
We give a short review of known exact inequalities that can be interpreted as "energy-time" and "frequency-time" uncertainty relations. In particular we discuss a precise form of signals minimizing the physical frequency-time uncertainty product. Also, we calculate the "stationarity time" for mixed Gaussian states of a quantum harmonic oscillator, showing explicitly that pure quantum states are "more fragile" than mixed ones with the same value of the energy dispersion. The problems of quantum evolution speed limits, time operators and measurements of energy and time are briefly discussed, too.
Lei, Huimin; Huang, Maoyi; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Yang, Dawen; Shi, Xiaoying; Mao, Jiafu; Hayes, Daniel J.; Schwalm, C.; Wei, Yaxing; Liu, Shishi
2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The terrestrial water and carbon cycles interact strongly at various spatio-temporal scales. To elucidate how hydrologic processes may influence carbon cycle processes, differences in terrestrial carbon cycle simulations induced by structural differences in two runoff generation schemes were investigated using the Community Land Model 4 (CLM4). Simulations were performed with runoff generation using the default TOPMODEL-based and the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) model approaches under the same experimental protocol. The comparisons showed that differences in the simulated gross primary production (GPP) are mainly attributed to differences in the simulated leaf area index (LAI) rather than soil moisture availability. More specifically, differences in runoff simulations can influence LAI through changes in soil moisture, soil temperature, and their seasonality that affect the onset of the growing season and the subsequent dynamic feedbacks between terrestrial water, energy, and carbon cycles. As a result of a relative difference of 36% in global mean total runoff between the two models and subsequent changes in soil moisture, soil temperature, and LAI, the simulated global mean GPP differs by 20.4%. However, the relative difference in the global mean net ecosystem exchange between the two models is small (2.1%) due to competing effects on total mean ecosystem respiration and other fluxes, although large regional differences can still be found. Our study highlights the significant interactions among the water, energy, and carbon cycles and the need for reducing uncertainty in the hydrologic parameterization of land surface models to better constrain carbon cycle modeling.
Daniel Bhatti; Raimund Schneider; Thomas Mehringer; Steffen Oppel; Joachim von Zanthier
2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
It is theoretically and experimentally shown that photons emitted by statistically independent incoherent classical light sources and measured in the far field in spatially separated modes may display spatial correlations akin to path-entanglement of photons produced by quantum sources. By measuring higher order photon-correlations at different locations, i.e., $m$ photons in one mode and one photon in another mode, we experimentally demonstrate for $m \\geq 6$ a violation of Bell-type inequalities for spatial degrees of freedom. The spatial correlations among the photons can be understood from state projection where the detection of the first $m$ photons projects the sources onto a state which emits the subsequent photon in a strongly correlated manner. From this perspective the entanglement and violation of Bell's inequalities appears as a consequence of nonvanishing cross correlations between noncommuting quadrature phase components of the two spatially separated fields after $m$ photons have been recorded. In this way we show that classical systems may produce spatial field correlations violating local realistic theories.
Hybrid quantum logic and a test of Bell's inequality using two different atomic species
Ballance, C J; Home, J P; Szwer, D J; Webster, S C; Allcock, D T C; Linke, N M; Harty, T P; Craik, D P L Aude; Stacey, D N; Steane, A M; Lucas, D M
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Entanglement is one of the most fundamental properties of quantum mechanics, and is the key resource for quantum information processing. Bipartite entangled states of identical particles have been generated and studied in several experiments, and post-selected entangled states involving pairs of photons, or single photons and single atoms, have also been produced. Here, we deterministically generate a "hybrid" entangled state of two different species of trapped-ion qubit, perform full tomography of the state produced, and make the first test of Bell's inequality with non-identical atoms. We use a laser-driven two-qubit quantum logic gate, whose mechanism is insensitive to the qubits' energy splittings, to produce a maximally-entangled state of one Ca40 qubit and one Ca43 qubit, held in the same ion trap, with 99.8(5)% fidelity. We make a test of Bell's inequality for this novel entangled state, and find that it is violated by 15 sigma. Mixed-species quantum logic is an essential technique for the construction...
Prayitno, T. B., E-mail: trunk-002@unj.ac.id [Physics Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jl. Pemuda Rawamangun no. 10, Jakarta, 13220 (Indonesia)
2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z
We have imposed the conditions in order to preserve the real-valued partition function in the case of onedimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation coupled by time-dependent potential. In this case we have solved the Gross-Pitaevskii equation by means of the time-dependent perturbation theory by extending the previous work of Kivshar et al. [Phys. Lett A 278, 225–230 (2001)]. To use the method, we have treated the equation as the macroscopic quantum oscillator and found that the expression of the partition function explicitly has complex values. In fact, we have to choose not only the appropriate functions but also the suitable several values of the potential to keep the real-valued partition function.
B. Hensen; H. Bernien; A. E. Dréau; A. Reiserer; N. Kalb; M. S. Blok; J. Ruitenberg; R. F. L. Vermeulen; R. N. Schouten; C. Abellán; W. Amaya; V. Pruneri; M. W. Mitchell; M. Markham; D. J. Twitchen; D. Elkouss; S. Wehner; T. H. Taminiau; R. Hanson
2015-08-24T23:59:59.000Z
For more than 80 years, the counterintuitive predictions of quantum theory have stimulated debate about the nature of reality. In his seminal work, John Bell proved that no theory of nature that obeys locality and realism can reproduce all the predictions of quantum theory. Bell showed that in any local realist theory the correlations between distant measurements satisfy an inequality and, moreover, that this inequality can be violated according to quantum theory. This provided a recipe for experimental tests of the fundamental principles underlying the laws of nature. In the past decades, numerous ingenious Bell inequality tests have been reported. However, because of experimental limitations, all experiments to date required additional assumptions to obtain a contradiction with local realism, resulting in loopholes. Here we report on a Bell experiment that is free of any such additional assumption and thus directly tests the principles underlying Bell's inequality. We employ an event-ready scheme that enables the generation of high-fidelity entanglement between distant electron spins. Efficient spin readout avoids the fair sampling assumption (detection loophole), while the use of fast random basis selection and readout combined with a spatial separation of 1.3 km ensure the required locality conditions. We perform 245 trials testing the CHSH-Bell inequality $S \\leq 2$ and find $S = 2.42 \\pm 0.20$. A null hypothesis test yields a probability of $p = 0.039$ that a local-realist model for space-like separated sites produces data with a violation at least as large as observed, even when allowing for memory in the devices. This result rules out large classes of local realist theories, and paves the way for implementing device-independent quantum-secure communication and randomness certification.
Entropic and information inequality for nonlinearly transformed two-qubit X-states
V. I. Man'ko; R. S. Puzko
2014-10-11T23:59:59.000Z
The entropic and information inequalities for two qubit X-states transformed by the nonlinear channels are given in explicit form. The subadditivity condition and nonnegativity of von Neumann quantum information are studied for both initial X-state and the state after action of the nonlinear channel. Partial case of Werner state is considered in detail. We shown that the von Neumann information increases due to action of the nonlinear channel. We generalize the results obtained for Werner state in our earlier article [J. Russ. Laser Res., \\textbf{35}, iss. 3 (2014)] to the case of X-state of two qubit system. We study the influence of nonlinear channel acting on X-state of two qubit system onto von Neumann mutual information.
Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger argument of nonlocality without inequalities for mixed states
Ghirardi, Gian Carlo [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Trieste, Trieste (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, Trieste (Italy); International Centre for Theoretical Physics 'Abdus Salam', Trieste (Italy); Marinatto, Luca [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Trieste, Trieste (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, Trieste (Italy)
2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
We generalize the Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger nonlocality without inequalities argument to cover the case of arbitrary mixed statistical operators associated to three-qubits quantum systems. More precisely, we determine the radius of a ball (in the trace distance topology) surrounding the pure GHZ state and containing arbitrary mixed statistical operators which cannot be described by any local and realistic hidden variable model and which are, as a consequence, noncompletely separable. As a practical application, we focus on certain one-parameter classes of mixed states which are commonly considered in the experimental realization of the original GHZ argument and which result from imperfect preparations of the pure GHZ state. In these cases we determine for which values of the parameter measuring the noise a nonlocality argument can still be exhibited, despite the mixedness of the considered states. Moreover, the effect of the imperfect nature of measurement processes is discussed.
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Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706 802 1979-2013 AdjustmentsSpringMarketsMarkets:price historyYearYearMar-152009
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
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Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of5, 2014 |andWater Water EERE playsper2014DepartmentWhatWhat arein
Violating Bell's inequality with an artificial atom and a cat state in a cavity
Brian Vlastakis; Andrei Petrenko; Nissim Ofek; Luayn Sun; Zaki Leghtas; Katrina Sliwa; Yehan Liu; Michael Hatridge; Jacob Blumoff; Luigi Frunzio; Mazyar Mirrahimi; Liang Jiang; M. H. Devoret; R. J. Schoelkopf
2015-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
The `Schr\\"odinger's cat' thought experiment highlights the counterintuitive facet of quantum theory that entanglement can exist between microscopic and macroscopic systems, producing a superposition of distinguishable states like the fictitious cat that is both alive and dead. The hallmark of entanglement is the detection of strong correlations between systems, for example by the violation of Bell's inequality. Using the CHSH variant of the Bell test, this violation has been observed with photons, atoms, solid state spins, and artificial atoms in superconducting circuits. For larger, more distinguishable states, the conflict between quantum predictions and our classical expectations is typically resolved due to the rapid onset of decoherence. To investigate this reconciliation, one can employ a superposition of coherent states in an oscillator, known as a cat state. In contrast to discrete systems, one can continuously vary the size of the prepared cat state and therefore its dependence on decoherence. Here we demonstrate and quantify entanglement between an artificial atom and a cat state in a cavity, which we call a `Bell-cat' state. We use a circuit QED architecture, high-fidelity measurements, and real-time feedback control to violate Bell's inequality without post-selection or corrections for measurement inefficiencies. Furthermore, we investigate the influence of decoherence by continuously varying the size of created Bell-cat states and characterize the entangled system by joint Wigner tomography. These techniques provide a toolset for quantum information processing with entangled qubits and resonators. While recent results have demonstrated a high level of control of such systems, this experiment demonstrates that information can be extracted efficiently and with high fidelity, a crucial requirement for quantum computing with resonators.
Howe, Sean; Zakharevich, Valentin
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We prove generalizations of the isoperimetric inequality for both spherical and hyperbolic wave fronts (i.e. piecewise smooth curves which may have cusps). We then discuss "bicycle curves" using the generalized isoperimetric inequalities. The euclidean model of a bicycle is a unit segment AB that can move so that it remains tangent to the trajectory of point A (the rear wheel is fixed on the bicycle frame). We extend this definition to a general Riemannian manifold, and concern ourselves in particular with bicycle curves in the hyperbolic plane H^2 and on the sphere S^2. We prove results along the lines of those proven by Levi and Tabachnikov and resolve both spherical and hyperbolic versions of Menzin's conjecture, which relates the area bounded by a curve to its associated monodromy map.
Black Hole Enthalpy and an Entropy Inequality for the Thermodynamic Volume
Cvetic, M; Kubiznak, D; Pope, C N
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In a theory where the cosmological constant \\Lambda or the gauge coupling constant g arises as the vacuum expectation value, its variation should be included in the first law of thermodynamics for black holes. This becomes dE= TdS + \\Omega_i dJ_i + \\Phi_\\alpha d Q_\\alpha + \\Theta d \\Lambda, where E is now the enthalpy of the spacetime, and \\Theta, the thermodynamic conjugate of \\Lambda, is proportional to an effective volume V = -\\frac{16 \\pi \\Theta}{D-2} "inside the event horizon." Here we calculate \\Theta and V for a wide variety of D-dimensional charged rotating asymptotically AdS black hole spacetimes, using the first law or the Smarr relation. We compare our expressions with those obtained by implementing a suggestion of Kastor, Ray and Traschen, involving Komar integrals and Killing potentials, which we construct from conformal Killing-Yano tensors. We conjecture that the volume V and the horizon area A satisfy the inequality R\\equiv ((D-1)V/{\\cal A}_{D-2})^{1/(D-1)}\\, ({\\cal A}_{D-2}/A)^{1/(D-2)}\\ge1, ...
General Solutions of Cosmological Equations with Inequalities for Perfect Fluid and Scalar Field
A. Das; N. Tariq; R. M. W. Woodside
2006-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
Spherically symmetric cosmological equations in the usual FLRW coordinates are explored, with different sources. The first couples a perfect fluid with a quintessence scalar field and the second couples a perfect fluid to a tachyonic scalar field. In both cases, in the inflationary regime, the scale factor a(t) and its first two time derivatives are positive definite. Both sources in the matter phase yield a scale factor and its first derivative as positive definite. In both cases and in each phase, the general solutions of the differential equations together with the algebraic and differential inequalities are obtained. As special cases, exponential, hyperbolic, and power law inflation, as well as power law expansion for the matter phase are all derived from the general solutions. With recent data on baryonic matter, Hubble parameter and deceleration parameter, the relative percentages of baryonic matter, daek matter and dark energy are calculated. The quintessence model yields: 4% baryonic matter, 18% dark matter, and 78% dark energy. The tachyonic model gives: 4% baryonic matter, 36% dark matter, and 60% dark energy.
Loss-tolerant hybrid measurement test of CHSH inequality with weakly amplified N00N states
Falk Töppel; Magdalena Stobi?ska
2015-02-18T23:59:59.000Z
Although our understanding of Bell's theorem and experimental techniques to test it have improved over the last 40 years, thus far all Bell tests have suffered at least from the detection or the locality loophole. Most photonic Bell tests rely on inefficient discrete-outcome measurements, often provided by photon counting detection. One possible way to close the detection loophole in photonic Bell tests is to involve efficient continuous-variable measurements instead, such as homodyne detection. Here, we propose a test of the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) inequality that applies photon counting and homodyne detection on weakly amplified two-photon N00N states. The scheme suggested is remarkably robust against experimental imperfections and suits the limits of current technology. As amplified quantum states are considered, our work also contributes to the exploration of entangled macroscopic quantum systems. Further, it may constitute an alternative platform for a loophole-free Bell test, which is also important for quantum-technological applications.
Xia, Jingfeng; Zhuang, Qianlai; Law, Beverly E.; Chen, Jiquan; Baldocchi, Dennis D.; Cook, David R.; Oren, Ram; Richardson, Andrew D.; Wharton, Sonia; Ma, Siyan; Martin, Timothy A.; Verma, Shashi B.; Suyker, Andrew E.; Scott, Russell L.; Monson, Russell K.; Litvak, Marcy; Hollinger, David Y.; Sun, Ge; Davis, Kenneth J.; Bolstad, Paul V.; Burns, Sean P.; Curtis, Peter S.; Drake, Bert G.; Falk, Matthias; Fischer, Marc L.; Foster, David R.; Gu, Lianhong; Hadley, Julian L.; Katul, Gabriel G.; Matamala, Roser; McNulty, Steve; Meyers, Tilden P.; Munger, J. William; Noormets, Asko; Oechel, Walter C.; U, Kyaw Tha Paw; Schmid, Hans Peter; Starr, Gregory; Torn, Margaret S.; Wofsy, Steven C.
2009-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
The quantification of carbon fluxes between the terrestrial biosphere and the atmosphere is of scientific importance and also relevant to climate-policy making. Eddy covariance flux towers provide continuous measurements of ecosystem-level exchange of carbon dioxide spanning diurnal, synoptic, seasonal, and interannual time scales. However, these measurements only represent the fluxes at the scale of the tower footprint. Here we used remotely-sensed data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) to upscale gross primary productivity (GPP) data from eddy covariance flux towers to the continental scale. We first combined GPP and MODIS data for 42 AmeriFlux towers encompassing a wide range of ecosystem and climate types to develop a predictive GPP model using a regression tree approach. The predictive model was trained using observed GPP over the period 2000-2004, and was validated using observed GPP over the period 2005-2006 and leave-one-out cross-validation. Our model predicted GPP fairly well at the site level. We then used the model to estimate GPP for each 1 km x 1 km cell across the U.S. for each 8-day interval over the period from February 2000 to December 2006 using MODIS data. Our GPP estimates provide a spatially and temporally continuous measure of gross primary production for the U.S. that is a highly constrained by eddy covariance flux data. Our study demonstrated that our empirical approach is effective for upscaling eddy flux GPP data to the continental scale and producing continuous GPP estimates across multiple biomes. With these estimates, we then examined the patterns, magnitude, and interannual variability of GPP. We estimated a gross carbon uptake between 6.91 and 7.33 Pg C yr{sup -1} for the conterminous U.S. Drought, fires, and hurricanes reduced annual GPP at regional scales and could have a significant impact on the U.S. net ecosystem carbon exchange. The sources of the interannual variability of U.S. GPP were dominated by these extreme climate events and disturbances.
Reymen, Bart, E-mail: bart.reymen@maastro.nl [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO clinic), GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO clinic), GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands); Van Loon, Judith; Baardwijk, Angela van; Wanders, Rinus; Borger, Jacques [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO clinic), GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO clinic), GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands); Dingemans, Anne-Marie C. [Department of Pulmonology, GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands)] [Department of Pulmonology, GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands); Bootsma, Gerben [Department of Pulmonology, Atrium Medical Centre, Heerlen (Netherlands)] [Department of Pulmonology, Atrium Medical Centre, Heerlen (Netherlands); Pitz, Cordula [Department of Pulmonology, Laurentius Hospital, Roermond (Netherlands)] [Department of Pulmonology, Laurentius Hospital, Roermond (Netherlands); Lunde, Ragnar [Department of Pulmonology, St Jansgasthuis, Weert (Netherlands)] [Department of Pulmonology, St Jansgasthuis, Weert (Netherlands); Geraedts, Wiel [Department of Pulmonology, Orbis Medical Centre, Sittard (Netherlands)] [Department of Pulmonology, Orbis Medical Centre, Sittard (Netherlands); Lambin, Philippe [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO clinic), GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO clinic), GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands); De Ruysscher, Dirk [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO clinic), GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands) [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO clinic), GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands); University Hospital Leuven/ KU Leuven, Leuven (Belgium)
2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: In non-small cell lung cancer, gross tumor volume (GTV) influences survival more than other risk factors. This could also apply to small cell lung cancer. Methods and Materials: Analysis of our prospective database with stage I to III SCLC patients referred for concurrent chemo radiation therapy. Standard treatment was 45 Gy in 1.5-Gy fractions twice daily concurrently with carboplatin-etoposide, followed by prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) in case of non-progression. Only fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET)-positive or pathologically proven nodal sites were included in the target volume. Total GTV consisted of post chemotherapy tumor volume and pre chemotherapy nodal volume. Survival was calculated from diagnosis (Kaplan-Meier ). Results: A total of 119 patients were included between May 2004 and June 2009. Median total GTV was 93 ± 152 cc (7.5-895 cc). Isolated elective nodal failure occurred in 2 patients (1.7%). Median follow-up was 38 months, median overall survival 20 months (95% confidence interval = 17.8-22.1 months), and 2-year survival 38.4%. In multivariate analysis, only total GTV (P=.026) and performance status (P=.016) significantly influenced survival. Conclusions: In this series of stage I to III small cell lung cancer patients treated with FDG-PET-based selective nodal irradiation total GTV is an independent risk factor for survival.
Samantha Gross | Department of Energy
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Andrei Khrennikov
2011-12-03T23:59:59.000Z
We present a purely wave model (based on classical random field) which reproduces quantum probabilities (given by the fundamental law of quantum mechanics, Born's rule) including probabilities for joint detection of a pair of quantum observables (e.g., spin or polarization projections). The crucial point of our approach is that the presence of detector's threshold and calibration procedure have to be treated not as simply experimental technicalities, but as the basic counteparts of the theoretical model. The presence of the background field (vacuum fluctuations) is also the key-element of our prequantum model. It is of the classical signal type and the methods of classical signal theory (including statistical radiophysics) are used for its development. We stress that our prequantum model is not objective, i.e., the values of observables (clicks of detectors) cannot be assigned in advance, i.e., before measurement. Hence, the dilemma, nonobjectivity or nonlocality, is resolved in favor of nonobjectivity (our model is local of the classical field type). In particular, we reproduce the probabilities for the EPR-experiment for photon polarization and, hence, violate CHSH inequality for classical random signals (measured by the threshold type and properly calibrated detectors acting in the presence of the background field).
Jose M. Pacheco
2007-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
Often some interesting or simply curious points are left out when developing a theory. It seems that one of them is the existence of an upper bound for the fraction of area of a convex and closed plane area lying outside a circle with which it shares a diameter, a problem stemming from the theory of isoperimetric inequalities. In this paper such a bound is constructed and shown to be attained for a particular area. It is also shown that convexity is a necessary condition in order to avoid the whole area lying outside the circle.
Homeless education : supporting student and family resilience in the face of poverty hardship
Einspar, Michele Christine
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of At-Risk Students in Poverty. Essays in Education, 17(5).Journal of Children and Poverty, 6(1), 51-72. Nunez, R. (Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy 283. Yin, R.K. (
Rucci, A.; Vasco, D.W.; Novali, F.
2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Deformation in the overburden proves useful in deducing spatial and temporal changes in the volume of a producing reservoir. Based upon these changes we estimate diffusive travel times associated with the transient flow due to production, and then, as the solution of a linear inverse problem, the effective permeability of the reservoir. An advantage an approach based upon travel times, as opposed to one based upon the amplitude of surface deformation, is that it is much less sensitive to the exact geomechanical properties of the reservoir and overburden. Inequalities constrain the inversion, under the assumption that the fluid production only results in pore volume decreases within the reservoir. We apply the formulation to satellite-based estimates of deformation in the material overlying a thin gas production zone at the Krechba field in Algeria. The peak displacement after three years of gas production is approximately 0.5 cm, overlying the eastern margin of the anticlinal structure defining the gas field. Using data from 15 irregularly-spaced images of range change, we calculate the diffusive travel times associated with the startup of a gas production well. The inequality constraints are incorporated into the estimates of model parameter resolution and covariance, improving the resolution by roughly 30 to 40%.
STOCHASTIC VARIATIONAL INEQUALITIES: RESIDUAL ...
2011-02-20T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 20, 2011 ... to failure of the equilibrium. Mathematical analysis and practical examples show that the ERM-formulation is robust in the sense that its solution ...
Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858 9,307: Percentage4,488Decade052 554159,400
Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858 9,307: Percentage4,488Decade052
Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858 9,307:Feet) YearMay22 35
Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858 9,307:Feet)inFeet) Year20OthersNA NA
Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunAlaska Arkansas
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858Year Jan Feb Mar530 474through1,072,35747
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858Year Jan Feb Mar530
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858Year Jan Feb Mar53014,414,287 13,247,498
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858Year Jan Feb Mar53014,414,287
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858Year Jan Feb Mar53014,414,2875,674,120
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858Year Jan Feb
Nebraska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858Year Jan522,090 2011 2012 20132,916 2,255
Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858Year Jan522,090 2011Year 4 3 4 3 3 1991-2014
Offshore Gross Withdrawals of Natural Gas
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858YearYear Jan7,876 17,143PDF Office
Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858YearYear Jan7,876Year Jan Feb Mar50%88,824
Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858YearYear Jan7,876Year Jan Feb
Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858YearYearHawaii Idaho Illinois IndianaU.S.
Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1 7 56 6858YearYearHawaii Idaho Illinois
Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet) YearSalesNew2003 Detailed TablesProved56 125 August0 0 0 0 0
Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet) YearSalesNew2003 Detailed TablesProved56 125 August0 0 0 0 0Alaska
Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet) YearSalesNew2003 Detailed87.1 81.2 38.0DecadeFeb-15
Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet) YearSalesNew2003 Detailed87.1 81.2 38.0DecadeFeb-15Alaska Arkansas
Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet) YearSalesNew2003 Detailed87.1 81.2Withdrawals GasSame4 15 0 0HawaiiU.S.
Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet) YearSalesNew2003 Detailed87.1 81.2Withdrawals GasSame4 15 0
Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet) YearSalesNew2003 Detailed87.1Investor Flows6 5 7 7 7 18Gulf of0 0 0 3 4
Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet) YearSalesNew2003 Detailed87.1Investor Flows6 5 7 7 7 18Gulf of0 0 0 3
Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet) YearSalesNew2003 Detailed87.1Investor Flows6 5 7Cubic Feet)0
Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet) YearSalesNew2003 Detailed87.1Investor Flows6 5 7Cubic Feet)0Alaska
Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet) YearSalesNew2003 Detailed87.1InvestorDecade9 0 0 0 0 0Feb-15
Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet) YearSalesNew2003 Detailed87.1InvestorDecade9 0 0 0 0 0Feb-15Alaska
Maryland Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet) YearSalesNew2003 Detailed87.1InvestorDecade9 0from: S Ë† YHawaiiU.S.
Maryland Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet) YearSalesNew2003 Detailed87.1InvestorDecade9 0from: S Ë† YHawaiiU.S.Alaska
Sofia Mancheno-Gross | Department of Energy
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362Transmission:portion5When purchasingAccelerate Deployment2011 I U.S.SmartSnohomishSofia
Offshore Gross Withdrawals of Natural Gas
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706 802 1979-2013October 3, 2002 (next release 2:00 p.m.,65,329,582 65,542,34532009 2010
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageSummary" ,"Click worksheet,167,371 6,826,192 6,994,120 7,226,215through 1996) inFeb-15 Mar-15Year Jan
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageSummary" ,"Click worksheet,167,371 6,826,192 6,994,120 7,226,215through 1996) inFeb-15 Mar-15Year Jan2002-2015
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageSummary" ,"Click worksheet,167,371 6,826,192 6,994,120 7,226,215through 1996) inFeb-15 Mar-15Year
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageSummary" ,"Click worksheet,167,371 6,826,192 6,994,120 7,226,215through 1996) inFeb-15 Mar-15Year6-2015 Illinois
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageSummary" ,"Click worksheet,167,371 6,826,192 6,994,120 7,226,215through 1996) inFeb-15 Mar-15Year6-2015
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageSummary" ,"Click worksheet,167,371 6,826,192 6,994,120 7,226,215through 1996) inFeb-15 Mar-15Year6-20151-2015
Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
Arkansas California Colorado Florida Illinois Indiana Kansas Kentucky Maryland Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New York North Dakota Ohio Oregon...
Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
Louisiana Offshore Louisiana State Offshore Montana New Mexico North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Texas Texas Onshore Texas Offshore Texas State Offshore Utah West...
Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Kansas Louisiana Montana New Mexico North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Texas Utah West Virginia Wyoming Other States Total Alabama Arizona...
Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Kansas Louisiana Montana New Mexico North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Texas Utah West Virginia Wyoming Other States Total Alabama Arizona...
Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Kansas Louisiana Montana New Mexico North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Texas Utah West Virginia Wyoming Other States Total Alabama Arizona...
Arizona Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Kansas Louisiana Montana New Mexico North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Texas Utah West Virginia Wyoming Other States Total Alabama Arizona...
Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Kansas Louisiana Montana New Mexico North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Texas Utah West Virginia Wyoming Other States Total Alabama Arizona...
Pennsylvania Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
1967-2013 From Gas Wells 188,538 184,795 173,450 242,305 210,609 207,872 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 3,456 2,987 1967-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 9,757 89,074 399,452...
Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
1967-2013 From Gas Wells 496,374 459,509 526,077 563,750 1,036,572 801,749 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 199,725 327,619 338,565 359,537 67,466 106,784 1967-2013 From Shale Gas Wells...
Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
186,181 1967-2013 From Gas Wells 79,769 83,511 73,459 30,655 65,025 85,303 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 5,072 5,301 4,651 45,663 6,684 12,830 1967-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 17 13 11...
Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
63,242 1967-2013 From Gas Wells 67,399 57,396 51,117 37,937 27,518 19,831 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 22,995 21,522 19,292 21,777 20,085 23,152 1967-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 14,509...
Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
1967-2013 From Gas Wells 331,673 337,168 387,026 429,829 404,457 358,096 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 7,542 8,934 8,714 8,159 43,421 50,629 1967-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0...
Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
4 4 4 3 4 3 1991-2013 From Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2013 From Oil Wells 4 4 4 3 4 3 1991-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2013 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2013...
Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
1967-2014 From Gas Wells 1,100,007 911,967 883,712 775,506 827,255 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 58,037 63,638 68,505 49,380 51,948 1967-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 400,594...
Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
168,578 166,718 152,068 172,050 1991-2015 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2015 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2015 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2015...
Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
2,125 2,887 1967-2013 From Gas Wells 1,188 1,438 1,697 2,114 2,125 2,887 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 5 5 5 7 0 0 1967-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2013 From Coalbed...
Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
123,622 1967-2013 From Gas Wells 16,959 20,867 7,345 18,470 17,041 17,502 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 10,716 12,919 9,453 11,620 4,470 4,912 1967-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 131,119...
Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
1,407 1,344 770 770 1979-2013 From Gas Wells 778 821 1,407 1,344 770 770 1979-2013 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 1996-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2013 From Coalbed...
Nebraska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
1,328 1,032 1967-2013 From Gas Wells 2,862 2,734 2,092 1,854 1,317 1,027 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 221 182 163 126 11 5 1967-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2013 From...
Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
762,600 735,196 674,324 741,210 1991-2015 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2015 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2015 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2015...
Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
1967-2013 From Gas Wells 331,143 340,224 328,135 351,168 402,899 383,216 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 36,056 36,795 42,526 49,947 31,440 36,737 1967-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0...
Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2015 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2015 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2015 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2015 From Coalbed...
Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2015 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2015 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1996-2015 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2015 From Coalbed...
California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
252,310 1967-2013 From Gas Wells 91,460 82,288 73,017 63,902 91,904 88,203 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 122,345 121,949 151,369 120,880 67,065 69,839 1967-2013 From Shale Gas Wells...
Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
1967-2013 From Gas Wells 286,210 269,086 247,651 236,834 264,610 264,223 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 45,038 42,647 39,071 37,194 0 0 1967-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0...
Tennessee Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
5,825 5,400 1967-2013 From Gas Wells 4,700 5,478 5,144 4,851 5,825 5,400 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2013 From Coalbed...
Maryland Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
28 43 43 34 44 32 1967-2013 From Gas Wells 28 43 43 34 44 32 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2013 From Coalbed Wells 0 0 0 0 0...
Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
1967-2013 From Gas Wells 112,587 111,782 133,521 122,578 106,122 94,665 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 1,529 1,518 1,809 1,665 0 0 1967-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2013...
Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
8,814 7,938 1967-2013 From Gas Wells 4,701 4,927 6,802 9,075 8,814 7,938 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 1967-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2013 From Coalbed...
Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
13,938 17,129 18,681 18,011 1971-2013 From Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 17,182 16,459 1996-2013 From Oil Wells 2,742 290 13,938 17,129 1,500 1,551 1971-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 0 0 0 0 0 0...
Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
164,114 162,936 148,792 167,586 1991-2015 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2015 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2015 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2015...
Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
139,382 1967-2013 From Gas Wells 7,419 16,046 23,086 20,375 21,802 26,815 1967-2013 From Oil Wells 0 0 0 0 9 9 2006-2013 From Shale Gas Wells 19,468 18,284 16,433 18,501 17,212...
Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
NA NA NA NA NA NA 1967-2013 From Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 1967-2013 From Oil Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 From Shale Gas Wells NA NA NA NA NA NA 2007-2013 From Coalbed...
Tennessee Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1Cubic2009 2010Effective
Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate1Cubic2009 2010EffectiveFeet)1,200 0 NA7,653,647