2007-01-08T23:59:59.000Z
CHAPTER 2. Inequalities. In this section we add the axioms describe the behavior of inequal- ities (the order axioms) to the list of axioms begun in Chapter 1.
Inequality and Equity, Overview
Appelbaum, Richard P.
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
political science urban inequality as a result of economicU, architecture and ICT and inequality; housing, urban andcrime U UCSB geography GIS UCSB sociology urban inequality
Tusnady's inequality revisited
Carter, Andrew V; Pollard, David
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
32 111–131. TUSNÁDY’S INEQUALITY REVISITED M AJOR , P. (Statistics, 2004 TUSNÁDY’S INEQUALITY REVISITED B Y A NDREWYale University Tusnády’s inequality is the key ingredient
Junior Mini Medical School Program Gross...Seriously Gross
of middle school students in the fields of science and medicine. They give kids who may be curious about at the University of Iowa. The University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine Mini Medical School programs openJunior Mini Medical School Program Gross...Seriously Gross UI Gross Anatomy The University of Iowa
4, 30893121, 2007 Gross community
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Gross community production and metabolic balance in the South Pacific Gyre, using a non intrusive bio describe a non-intrusive bio-optical method to quantify the various terms of a production budget (Gross
Inequality, Coalitions and Collective Action
Bardhan, Pranab; Singh, Nirvikar
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Paper No. E04-339 Inequality, Coalitions and CollectiveSanta Cruz Keywords: inequality, self-enforcing, collectivecoalitions) and underlying inequality in the distribution of
Inequality, Coalitions and Collective Action
Bardhan, Pranab; Singh, Nirvikar
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Inequality, Coalitions and Collective Action Pranab K.coalitions) and underlying inequality in the distribution ofO10, P0 Key Words: inequality, self-enforcing, collective
Gross decontamination experiment report
Mason, R.; Kinney, K.; Dettorre, J.; Gilbert, V.
1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
A Gross Decontamination Experiment was conducted on various levels and surfaces of the TMI - Unit 2 reactor building in March 1982. The polar crane, D-rings, missile shields, refueling canals, refueling bridges, equipment, and elevations 305' and 347'-6'' were flushed with low pressure water. Additionally, floor surfaces on elevation 305' and floor surfaces and major pieces of equipment on elevation 347'-6'' were sprayed with high pressure water. Selective surfaces were decontaminated with a mechanical scrubber and chemicals. Strippable coating was tested and evaluated on equipment and floor surfaces. The effectiveness, efficiency, and safety of several decontamination techniques were established for the large, complex decontamination effort. Various decontamination equipment was evaluated and its effectiveness was documented. Decontamination training and procedures were documented and evaluated, as were the support system and organization for the experiment.
Mitroi, F C
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this paper is to present some new Fejer-type results for convex functions. Improvements of Young's inequality (the arithmetic-geometric mean inequality) and other applications to special means are pointed as well.
Democracy, Redistribution and Inequality
Acemoglu, Daron
2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we revisit the relationship between democracy, redistribution and inequality. We first explain the theoretical reasons why democracy is expected to increase redistribution and reduce inequality, and why this ...
Chebotarev, Pavel
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
For a weighted multidigraph, let $f_{ij}$ be the total weight of spanning converging forests that have vertex $i$ in a tree converging to $j$. We prove that $f_{ij}f_{jk}=f_{ik}f_{jj}$ if and only if every directed path from $i$ to $k$ contains $j$ (a graph bottleneck equality). Otherwise, $f_{ij}f_{jk}inequality). In a companion paper, this inequality provides the foundation for the construction of a new family of graph distances by ensuring the fulfillment of the triangle inequality. This stems from the fact that the graph bottleneck inequality is a multiplicative analogue of the triangle inequality for proximities.
Monthly Natural Gas Gross Production Report
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
Report Monthly Natural Gas Gross Production Report Data Files Methodology and Analysis Form and Instructions Monthly Natural Gas Gross Production Report with data for February 2015...
Frean, Marcus
financial hardship, to continue their study at Victoria University. The Awards were established in 2001. The award is paid over 3 instalments August to October. Process The Awards are managed by Financial Support April 2012 Return to: By post: Victoria University of Wellington, Financial Support and Advice, PO Box
Beyond Ethnicity: African Protests in an Age of Inequality
Mueller, Lisa
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Tolerance for Inequality . . . . . . . . . . . CollectiveInequality inDoes Inequality Cause Conflict in
Emotion Regulation JAMES J. GROSS
Gross, James J.
CHAPTER 31 ·Emotion Regulation JAMES J. GROSS Have you ever gotten so angry that you've done). Although the topic of emotion regulation is a relatively late addition to the field of emotion, a concern with emotion regulation is anything but new. Emotion regu lation has been a focus in the study of psycho
Clive Emary; Neill Lambert; Franco Nori
2014-01-30T23:59:59.000Z
In contrast to the spatial Bell's inequalities, which probe entanglement between spatially-separated systems, the Leggett-Garg inequalities test the correlations of a single system measured at different times. Violation of a genuine Leggett-Garg test implies either the absence of a realistic description of the system or the impossibility of measuring the system without disturbing it. Quantum mechanics violates the inequalities on both accounts and the original motivation for these inequalities was as a test for quantum coherence in macroscopic systems. The last few years has seen a number of experimental tests and violations of these inequalities in a variety of microscopic systems such as superconducting qubits, nuclear spins, and photons. In this article, we provide an introduction to the Leggett-Garg inequalities and review these latest experimental developments. We discuss important topics such as the significance of the non-invasive measurability assumption, the clumsiness loophole, and the role of weak measurements. Also covered are some recent theoretical proposals for the application of Leggett-Garg inequalities in quantum transport, quantum biology and nano-mechanical systems.
Solar Energy Gross Receipts Tax Deduction
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
New Mexico has a gross receipts tax structure for businesses instead of a sales tax. Businesses are taxed on the gross amount of their business receipts each year before expenses are deducted....
Review: Eating Together: Food, Friendship, and Inequality
Laberge, Yves
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Food, Friendship, and Inequality By Alice P. Julier ReviewedFood, Friendship, and Inequality. Champaign, IL: UniversityFood, Friendship, and Inequality, sociologist Alice P.
Mapping global health inequalities: challenges and opportunities
Tugwell, Peter; Robinson, Vivian; Morris, Erin
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
M.P. (2004). Health Inequalities: Concepts, Frameworks anddevelopment goal affect inequalities between the poorest andestablishments and health inequalities in England: modeling
Enduring Legacy? Charles Tilly and Durable Inequality
Voss, Kim
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Charles Tilly’s durable inequality. Comparative Studies inThe relational basis of inequality: generic and contingentA. , & Voss, K. (1996). Inequality by design: Cracking the
The State and income inequality in Brazil
Medeiros, Marcelo; Souza, Pedro H.G.F.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
J. Welfare states and inequality: Institutional designs andMexico: Impacts upon Inequality. Estudios Económicos. 2009;S. Remittances and Inequality. The Economic The State and
A Rearrangement Inequality for Diffusion Processes /
Gao, Teng
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of the Rearrangement Inequality and its Proba- bilisticRearrangement Inequality . . . . . . 4.5 Some ObservationsSAN DIEGO A Rearrangement Inequality for Diffusion Processes
Inequality and Equity, Introduction and Position Papers
Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science, UCSB
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
theories of poverty and inequality.Space has been a coredescriptions of inequality, dissimilarity, segregation, orSpecialist Meeting on Inequality and Equity Santa Barbara,
Income inequality, tax base and sovereign spreads
Aizenman, Joshua; Jinjarak, Yothin
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
R. Tiongson, 2006, “Income inequality and redistributive2011, “Pre-industrial inequality,” Economic Journal, 121:255-272. Table 1: Income Inequality and Fiscal Space. This
Visualizing Global Inequality on the Web
Meyers, Ian; Lodha, S K; Crow, Ben D; Fulfrost, Brian
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
on Mapping Global Inequality, University of California,Visualizing Global Inequality on the Web Ian Myers 1 ,for mapping global inequality by (i) creating a simple user
Income inequality, tax base and sovereign spreads
Aizenman, Joshua; Jinjarak, Yothin
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
R. Tiongson, 2006, “Income inequality and redistributive2009), “Chapter 6: Inequality Measures,” in Handbookon Poverty and Inequality, pp. 101-120, published by World
The Representational Sources of Political Inequality
Hayes, Thomas J.
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Barro, Robert J. 2000. “Inequality and Growth in a Panel ofand the Generation of Inequality. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Martin. 2005. “Inequality and Democratic Responsiveness. ”
Inequality and Growth: Why Differential Fertility Matters
de la Croix, David; Doepke, Matthias
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Barro, Robert J. 2000. “Inequality and Growth in a Panel of1–25. Benabou, Roland. 1996. “Inequality and Growth. ” NBER1996. “Measuring Income Inequality: A New Database. ”
Sobolev, Poincaré and isoperimetric inequalities for subelliptic ...
Bumsik Kim This is based on a joint work by F. Baudoin and B. Kim
2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z
?1 >. Sobolev, Poincaré and isoperimetric inequalities for subelliptic diffusion operators satisfying a generalized curvature dimension inequality. Bumsik Kim.
BLEI'S INEQUALITY AND COORDINATEWISE MULTIPLE SUMMING OPERATORS
Sinnamon, Gordon J.
BLEI'S INEQUALITY AND COORDINATEWISE MULTIPLE SUMMING OPERATORS DUMITRU POPA AND GORD SINNAMON are proved. When specialized to single-function inequalities they include a pair of inequalities due to Blei and a recent extension of Blei's inequality. The first of these inequalities is applied to give explicit
27 The Strategic Significance of Global InequalityThe Strategic Significance of Global InequalityThe Strategic Significance of Global InequalityThe Strategic Significance of Global InequalityThe Strategic
Smoking in top-grossing US movies 2014
Polansky, Jonathan R; Titus, Kori; Atayeva, Renata; Glantz, Stanton A PhD
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Smoking in top?grossing US movies Jonathan R. PolanskyApril 23, 2015 Smoking in top?grossing US movies: 2014 | 2about 20 percent of all top?grossing films. Tobacco presence
Remarks on the Obrechkoff inequality
Remarks on the Obrechkoff inequality. Alexandre Eremenko? and Alexander Fryntov. January 25, 2015. Abstract. Let u be the logarithmic potential of a ...
Normal Scalar Curvature Inequalities Normal Scalar Curvature
Lu, Zhiqin
Scalar Curvature Inequalities Introduction In 1999, De Smet, Dillen, Verstraelen and Vrancken (DDVV, F. Dillen, L. Verstraelen, and L. Vrancken, A pointwise inequality in submanifold theory, Arch. Math
WEIGHTED NORM INEQUALITIES FOR FRACTIONAL MAXIMAL ...
2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z
establish a slightly stronger version of this inequality with the use of a novel extension of ... we obtain the sharp inequality of Lacey, Moen, Pérez and Torres. 1.
On extremizers for adjoint Fourier restriction inequalities and a result in incidence geometry
Quilodran, Rene
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.6 Arestriction inequality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4Fourier restriction inequality . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 The
Economic Growth and Inequality: Drawing the
von der Heydt, Rüdiger
and policies in later sessions #12;Economic Growth and Inequality: The Famous Kuznets Curve #12;Income Inequality #12;The New Kuznets Curve #12;Income Inequality #12;From Income Inequality to Health #12;Percent the Channels) #12;Kuznets Curves for Socially Determined Health Outcomes David Bishai, MD,MPH, PhD Professor
INEQUALITIES FOR LORENTZ POLYNOMIALS Tamas Erdelyi
ErdÃ©lyi, TamÃ¡s
-type inequality" usually means a pointwise estimate for the derivative. Markov- and Bernstein- type inequalitiies
Hispanic Poverty and Inequality Grant Competition Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality
Li, Fei-Fei
Hispanic Poverty and Inequality Grant Competition Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality Request for Proposals The Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality (CPI), a National Poverty Research Center funded by the Office
Michael Gross | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your HomeOverview and HistoryMEMS:Michael Gross Michael Gross
Finance and Labor: Perspectives on Risk, Inequality, and Democracy
Jacoby, Sanford
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Thomas Piketty, “Income Inequality in France,1901- 1998”how growth is hampered by inequality. George Clarke etal. , “Finance and Income Inequality: What Do the Data Tell
Income Inequality and Mortality: The Costa RIcan Case
Modrek, Sepideh
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Afflictions of Inequality. London: Routledge. Wilkinson,K. E. (2006). Income inequality and population health: AJ. (2005). Neighbourhood inequality, neighbourhood affluence
Income Inequality and Population Health in Geographic Perspective
Shin, Michael E.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
S. (2004). Health and Inequality London: Sage Deininger,set measuring income inequality. World Bank Economic Review,Mortality and income inequality among economically developed
Hypoelliptic heat kernel inequalities on H-type groups
Eldredge, Nathaniel Gilbert Bartsch
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Hypoelliptic heat kernel inequalities on the HeisenbergHypoelliptic heat kernel inequalities on Lie groups. PhDHypoelliptic heat kernel inequalities on H-type groups A
On a concentration inequality for sums of independent isotropic vectors
Cranston, Michael Craig; Molchanov, Stanislav Alekseevich
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Hoeffding. Probability inequalities for sums of boundedMarek Kanter. Probability inequalities for convex sets andOn a concentration inequality for sums of independent
Inequality in Political Participation: Contemporary Patterns in European Countries
Gallego, Aina
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Journal of Economic Inequality, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 51-65.Rising Political Inequality in Established Democracies:M. (2005). "Shifting Inequalities? Patterns of Exclusion and
International labour migration and reproduction of inequalities: The Latinoamerican Case
Julca, Alex
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
featart/nov2007/Global_Inequality.pdf Inter-AmericanK. 2007. Global inequality and global macroeconomics, inIADB) 1998. “Labor Income Inequality and Education,” Facing
Trade unions, inequality, and democracy in the US and Mexico
Tilly, Chris
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1993. Uneven Tides: Rising Inequality in America, New York:2003. Unions and wage inequality in Mexico. ” Industrial andBruce. 2006. Punishment and Inequality in America. New York:
Conjectured inequality for subharmonic functions
2015-04-04T23:59:59.000Z
Conjectured inequality for subharmonic functions. A. Eremenko. April 4, 2015. Let u1,u2,u3 be three subharmonic functions in the plane, and uj(0) = 0, 1 ? j ? 3 ...
BURKHOLDER INEQUALITIES FOR SUBMARTINGALES, BESSEL ...
2011-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
The inequality for conformal martingales, which has its roots on the study of the Lp norms of the Beurling-Ahlfors sin- gular integral operator [8], extends a recent
Quantum marginal inequalities and the conjectured entropic inequalities
Lin Zhang; Hongjin He; Yuan-hong Tao
2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z
A conjecture -- \\emph{the modified super-additivity inequality} of relative entropy -- was proposed in \\cite{Zhang2012}: There exist three unitary operators $U_A\\in \\unitary{\\cH_A},U_B\\in \\unitary{\\cH_B}$, and $U_{AB}\\in \\unitary{\\cH_A\\ot \\cH_B}$ such that $$ \\rS(U_{AB}\\rho_{AB}U^\\dagger_{AB}||\\sigma_{AB}) \\geqslant \\rS(U_A\\rho_AU^\\dagger_A||\\sigma_A) + \\rS(U_B\\rho_BU^\\dagger_B||\\sigma_B), $$ where the reference state $\\sigma$ is required to be full-ranked. A numerical study on the conjectured inequality is conducted in this note. The results obtained indicate that the modified super-additivity inequality of relative entropy seems to hold for all qubit pairs.
The State and income inequality in Brazil
Medeiros, Marcelo; Souza, Pedro H.G.F.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Cash Transfers in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: Impacts uponand income inequality in Brazil Journal. 1986;96(383):722–the inequality levels in Brazil would be much higher than
Bell Inequalities with Communication Assistance
Katherine Maxwell; Eric Chitambar
2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we consider the possible correlations between two parties using local machines and shared randomness with an additional amount of classical communication. This is a continuation of the work initiated by Bacon and Toner in Ref. [\\textit{Phys. Rev. Lett.} \\textbf{90}, 157904 (2003)] who characterized the correlation polytope for $2\\times 2$ measurement settings with binary outcomes plus one bit of communication. Here, we derive a complete set of Bell Inequalities for $3\\times 2$ measurement settings and a shared bit of communication. When the communication direction is fixed, nine Bell Inequalities characterize the correlation polytope, whereas when the communication direction is bi-directional, 143 inequalities describe the correlations. We then prove a tight lower bound on the amount of communication needed to simulate all no-signaling correlations for a given number of measurement settings.
Deriving the Gross-Pitaevskii equation
Niels Benedikter
2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z
In experiments, Bose-Einstein condensates are prepared by cooling a dilute Bose gas in a trap. After the phase transition has been reached, the trap is switched off and the evolution of the condensate observed. The evolution is macroscopically described by the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. On the microscopic level, the dynamics of Bose gases are described by the $N$-body Schr\\"odinger equation. We review our article [BdS12] in which we construct a class of initial data in Fock space which are energetically close to the ground state and prove that their evolution approximately follows the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. The key idea is to model two-particle correlations with a Bogoliubov transformation.
Isoperimetric Inequalities in Probability, Geometry, and PDE's
Rodrigo Bauelos,
2005-05-18T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 6, 2004 ... Isoperimetric Inequalities [1]. George Pólya, Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning (1954): “The isoperimetric theorem, deeply rooted in our.
A coarse entropy-rigidity theorem and discrete length-volume inequalities
Kinneberg, Kyle Edward
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A discrete length-volume inequality . . . . . . . .v 3 Length-volume inequalities revisitedlength-volume inequality for cubes . . . . . . . . . . . .
Regularization of Nonmonotone Variational Inequalities
Konnov, Igor V. [Department of Applied Mathematics, Kazan University, ul. Kremlevskaya 18, Kazan 420008 (Russian Federation)], E-mail: Igor.Konnov@ksu.ru; Ali, M.S.S. [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo (Egypt); Mazurkevich, E.O. [Informatics Problems Institute of AS RT, Kazan 420012 (Russian Federation)
2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we extend the Tikhonov-Browder regularization scheme from monotone to rather a general class of nonmonotone multivalued variational inequalities. We show that their convergence conditions hold for some classes of perfectly and nonperfectly competitive economic equilibrium problems.
Randomization and the Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy
Vedran Sohinger; Gigliola Staffilani
2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z
We study the Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy on the spatial domain $\\mathbb{T}^3$. By using an appropriate randomization of the Fourier coefficients in the collision operator, we prove an averaged form of the main estimate which is used in order to contract the Duhamel terms that occur in the study of the hierarchy. In the averaged estimate, we do not need to integrate in the time variable. An averaged spacetime estimate for this range of regularity exponents then follows as a direct corollary. The range of regularity exponents that we obtain is $\\alpha>\\frac{3}{4}$. It was shown in our previous joint work with Gressman that the range $\\alpha>1$ is sharp in the corresponding deterministic spacetime estimate. This is in contrast to the non-periodic setting, which was studied by Klainerman and Machedon, in which the spacetime estimate is known to hold whenever $\\alpha \\geq 1$. The goal of our paper is to extend the range of $\\alpha$ in this class of estimates in a \\emph{probabilistic sense}. We use the new estimate and the ideas from its proof in order to study randomized forms of the Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy. More precisely, we consider hierarchies similar to the Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy, but in which the collision operator has been randomized. For these hierarchies, we show convergence to zero in low regularity Sobolev spaces of Duhamel expansions of fixed deterministic density matrices. We believe that the study of the randomized collision operators could be the first step in the understanding of a nonlinear form of randomization.
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Advanced Energy Gross Receipts Tax Deduction | Department of...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Photovoltaics Maximum Rebate 60 million Program Info Start Date 712010 State New Mexico Program Type Sales Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% of gross receipts from sale and...
,"New Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Monthly","12015","1151989"...
,"New York Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"2262015 9:43:21 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)"...
Energy Inequalities in Quantum Field Theory
Christopher J. Fewster
2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum fields are known to violate all the pointwise energy conditions of classical general relativity. We review the subject of quantum energy inequalities: lower bounds satisfied by weighted averages of the stress-energy tensor, which may be regarded as the vestiges of the classical energy conditions after quantisation. Contact is also made with thermodynamics and related issues in quantum mechanics, where such inequalities find analogues in sharp Gaarding inequalities.
Halanay type inequalities on time scales
Ad\\ivar, Murat
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper aims to introduce Halanay type inequalities on time scales. By means of these inequalities we derive new global stability conditions for nonlinear dynamic equations on time scales. Giving several examples we show that beside generalization and extension to q-difference case, our results also provide improvements for the existing theory regarding differential and difference inequalites, which are the most important particular cases of dynamic inequalities on time scales.
Log-Sobolev inequalities for subelliptic operators
Fabrice Baudoin
2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
Log-Sobolev inequalities for subelliptic operators. Fabrice Baudoin. Purdue University. Georgia Tech Probability Seminar. Based on a joint work with M.
ARAKELOV INEQUALITIES FOR FAMILIES OF ABELIAN ...
2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
ARAKELOV INEQUALITIES FOR FAMILIES OF ABELIAN. VARIETIES AFTER DELIGNE, VIEHWEG, ZUO. DONU ARAPURA. Talk at IAS, Nov 25, 2014. I want to ...
SHARP INEQUALITIES FOR POSITIVE FUNCTIONS 1. Introduction ...
1910-50-11T23:59:59.000Z
We prove a number of new sharp inequalities in addition to quantifying and generalizing some well-known results. We also investi- gate sharp bounds on |p (
E. Lieb convexity inequalities and noncommutaive Bernstein ...
2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z
Abstract We describe a Jordan-algebraic version of E. Lieb convexity ... In [12] E. Lieb proved a number of interrelated convexity inequalities, which found.
Linear rank inequalities on five or more variables
Dougherty, Randall; Zeger, Kenneth
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ranks of subspaces of vector spaces satisfy all linear inequalities satisfied by entropies (including the standard Shannon inequalities) and an additional inequality due to Ingleton. It is known that the Shannon and Ingleton inequalities generate all such linear rank inequalities on up to four variables, but it has been an open question whether additional inequalities hold for the case of five or more variables. Here we give a list of 24 inequalities which, together with the Shannon and Ingleton inequalities, generate all linear rank inequalities on five variables. We also give a partial list of linear rank inequalities on six variables and general results which produce such inequalities on an arbitrary number of variables; we prove that there are essentially new inequalities at each number of variables beyond four (a result also proved recently by Kinser).
The Inequality-Satisfiability problem Dorit S. Hochbaum
Hochbaum, Dorit S.
The Inequality-Satisfiability problem Dorit S. Hochbaum Department of Industrial Engineering as inequality-clauses or i-clauses), each of which contains up to k n-variable inequalities; the problem
Insiders and Outsiders: Does Forbidding Sexual Harassment Exacerbate Gender Inequality?
Chen, Daniel L.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2005. “Rising Wage Inequality: The Role of Composition andTechnology and U.S. Wage Inequality: A Brief Look. ” FederalHarassment Exacerbate Gender Inequality? Daniel L. Chen and
Burgess Inequality In $${\\mathbb {F}_{p^2}}$$
Chang, Mei-Chu
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of ?. GAFA BURGESS INEQUALITY IN F p 2 Proof. First weSpringerlink.com BURGESS INEQUALITY IN F p 2 Mei-Chu Changelds. More precisely, an inequality of this type is obtained
GrossStark units for totally real number fields
Dasgupta, Samit
GrossÂStark units for totally real number fields by Kaloyan Slavov a thesis presented . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 5 The proof of Gross's conjecture over the rational field 20 5.1 The p-adic Gamma function Computing the multiplicative integral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 2 #12;Acknowledgements
Finance and Labor: Perspectives on Risk, Inequality, and Democracy
Jacoby, Sanford
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
George Clarke et al. , “Finance and Income Inequality: WhatKunt, and Ross Levine, “Finance, Inequality, and the Poor,”10 Journal of Empirical Finance (2003); Pinelopi Goldberg
IZA DP No. 2119 Punishment, Inequality and Emotions
Boyer, Edmond
the punisher and the target, and one in which it does not affect inequality. We show that while inequality-aversion
A Fefferman–Phong Type Inequality and Applications to Quasilinear ...
2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
We establish a nonlocal generalization of a well-known inequality by C. ... As an application, we prove the Harnack inequality and the Hölder continuity of ...
An embedding theorem and the Harnack inequality for nonlinear ...
2007-11-09T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 9, 2007 ... the Harnack inequality for nonnegative solutions of (1.1) follows either from ... subelliptic spaces S1+; b) To prove a Harnack type inequality for ...
Hardy–Sobolev Type Inequalities with Sharp Constants in Carnot ...
2010-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
nonlinear case p = 2. We also obtain a sharp inequality of Hardy–Sobolev type. Keywords Hardy type inequalities·Carnot groups·Carnot–Carathéodory spaces·.
Pressure inequalities for nuclear and neutron matter
Dean Lee
2005-12-22T23:59:59.000Z
We prove several inequalities using lowest-order effective field theory for nucleons which give an upper bound on the pressure of asymmetric nuclear matter and neutron matter. We prove two types of inequalities, one based on convexity and another derived from shifting an auxiliary field.
Prosperity, Poverty and Inequality in London
Banaji,. Murad
ASE Prosperity, Poverty and Inequality in London 2000/01-2010/11 Ruth Lupton, Polly Vizard, Amanda of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis will include. The Changing Spatial Distribution of Poverty 2001 to 2011...................33 The Geography of Poverty
Characterizations of Lojasiewicz inequalities and applications
Bolte, Jerome; Ley, Olivier; Mazet, Laurent
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The classical Lojasiewicz inequality and its extensions for partial differential equation problems (Simon) and to o-minimal structures (Kurdyka) have a considerable impact on the analysis of gradient-like methods and related problems: minimization methods, complexity theory, asymptotic analysis of dissipative partial differential equations, tame geometry. This paper provides alternative characterizations of this type of inequalities for nonsmooth lower semicontinuous functions defined on a metric or a real Hilbert space. In a metric context, we show that a generalized form of the Lojasiewicz inequality (hereby called the Kurdyka-Lojasiewicz inequality) relates to metric regularity and to the Lipschitz continuity of the sublevel mapping, yielding applications to discrete methods (strong convergence of the proximal algorithm). In a Hilbert setting we further establish that asymptotic properties of the semiflow generated by $-\\partial f$ are strongly linked to this inequality. This is done by introducing the not...
On Testing Entropic Inequalities for Superconducting Qudit
Evgenii Glushkov; Anastasiia Glushkova; V. I. Man'ko
2015-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this work is to verify the new entropic and information inequalities for non-composite systems using experimental $5 \\times 5$ density matrix of the qudit state, measured by the tomographic method in a multi-level superconducting circuit. These inequalities are well-known for bipartite and tripartite systems, but have never been tested for superconducting qudits. Entropic inequalities can also be used to evaluate the accuracy of experimental data and the value of mutual information, deduced from them, may charachterize correlations between different degrees of freedom in a noncomposite system.
On Testing Entropic Inequalities for Superconducting Qudit
Evgenii Glushkov; Anastasiia Glushkova; V. I. Man'ko
2015-04-30T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this work is to verify the new entropic and information inequalities for non-composite systems using experimental $5 \\times 5$ density matrix of the qudit state, measured by the tomographic method in a multi-level superconducting circuit. These inequalities are well-known for bipartite and tripartite systems, but have never been tested for superconducting qudits. Entropic inequalities can also be used to evaluate the accuracy of experimental data and the value of mutual information, deduced from them, may charachterize correlations between different degrees of freedom in a noncomposite system.
Emotion Regulation: Taking Stock and Moving Forward James J. Gross
Gross, James J.
Emotion Regulation: Taking Stock and Moving Forward James J. Gross Stanford University The field). In this article, I take stock of the field and consider how it might be moved forward. I do this by asking
Fact #564: March 30, 2009 Transportation and the Gross Domestic...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
of the U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2007 is related to transportation. Housing, health care, and food are the only categories with greater shares of the GDP. GDP by...
Data Files Monthly Natural Gas Gross Production Report
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
Data Files Data Files 1 EIA Best Estimate of Gross Withdrawals: Combination of historical production data from the Natural Gas Annual and current estimates based on data from the...
Oil and Gas Gross Production Tax (North Dakota)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
A gross production tax applies to most gas produced in North Dakota. Gas burned at the well site to power an electrical generator that consumes at least 75 percent of the gas is exempt from...
1 Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7 I Representing an Inequality ...
charlotb
2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
1. Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7. I. Representing an Inequality. There are 3 ways to represent an inequality. (1) Using the inequality symbol (sometime.
Tackling Global Inequality in Labor Migration: Diaspora Mechanism and Migration Development Bank
Gevorkyan, Aleksandr V.; Gevorkyan, Arkady V.
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Tackling Global Inequality in Labor Migration: DiasporaCruz Conference on “Mapping Global Inequalities - BeyondIncome Inequality” * November 17, 2007 New York, NY
Regional Inequality in India in the 1990s: A Further Look
Singh, Nirvikar; Kendall, Jake; Jain, R.K.; Chander, Jai
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Regional Inequality in India in the 1990s: A Further Lookchanges in regional inequality in India in the 1990s, usingperiod. Keywords: regional inequality, growth convergence,
After Foreclosure: The Displacement Crisis and the Social and Spatial Reproduction of Inequality
Martin, Anne J.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and Spatial Reproduction of Inequality by Anne J. Martinbe reproducing social inequalities. The Institute for theprocess may reproduce inequalities of class, race, gender,
Lim, Kien Hwa
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A case study concerning inequalities. In M. van den Heuval-Kieran, C. (2004). The equation/inequality connection inconstructing meaning for inequality situations. In M. J.
Diewald, Martin; Albert, Mathias
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Sen, Amartya (1992): Inequality reexamined. OxfordCharles (1998): Durable Inequality. University of CaliforniaMapping Global Inequality with World Society Theory and
Finding Space Beyond Variables: An Analytical Review of Urban Space and Social Inequalities
Joseph, Lauren
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Boundaries and the Making of Inequality. Chicago: University2003. “The Dimensions of Racial Inequality: Occupational andMollenkopf 2002. “Economic Inequality and Public Policy: The
Varieties of Inequality: Allocation, Distribution, and the Wage Disadvantages of Immigrant Workers
Kesler, Christel
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and Kim Voss. 1996. Inequality by Design: Cracking the BellSources of Earnings Inequality in 20 Countries." AmericanVARIETIES OF INEQUALITY: ALLOCATION, DISTRIBUTION, AND THE
Inequality and Local Government: Evidence from U.S. Cities and School Districts, 1970-2000.
Zolt, Eric M; Boustan, Leah
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Draft: February 10, 2010 Inequality and Local Government:I. Introduction Income inequality has increased dramaticallyScholars have linked income inequality to several negative
Tay, Thiam Chye
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Juzhong, ed. 2010. Poverty, Inequality, and Inclusive Growth2008. "Income, inequality, and electoral participation."In Democracy, Inequality, and Representation, ed. Pablo
Accounting for the Change in the Gradient: Health Inequality among Infants
Lin, Wanchuan
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
R. 1985. “Social Class Inequality in Mortality from 1921 toin the Gradient: Health Inequality Among Infants Wanchuanin the Gradient: Health Inequality Among Infants * Wanchuan
Regional Income Inequality in Post-1978 China: A Kaldorian Spatial Econometric Approach
Jeon, Yongbok
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2003), “Analyzing Regional Inequality in Post-Mao China in a1996), “Regional Income Inequality and Economic Growth inpermission Regional Income Inequality in Post-1978 China : A
Feng, Wang
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Riskin. 1998. “Income and inequality in China: Composition,Charles. 1998. Durable Inequality. Berkeley and Los Angeles:and Categories: Rising Inequality in Post-Socialist Urban
Measuring Risk by Looking at Changes in Inequality: vulnerability in Ecuador
Ligon, Ethan A.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
alized entropy and atkinson inequality indices: The complexIntertemporal choice and inequality. Journal of PoliticalBY LOOKING AT CHANGES IN INEQUALITY References Amin, S. , A.
Impacts of Trade on Wage Inequality in Los Angeles: Analysis Using Matched Employer-Employee Data
Rigby, David L.; Breau, Sebastien
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1059. Chakravorty, S. 1996. Urban inequality revisited - TheP. B. 1989. Measuring inequality: a methodological handbook.outsourcing, and wage inequality. American Economic Review
Ding, Chris; He, Xiaofeng; Xiong, Hui; Peng, Hanchuan; Holbrook, Stephen R.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Closure and Metric Inequality of Weighted Graphs – Detectingleads to a transitivity inequality which is equivalentto ultra-metric inequality. This can be used to de?ne
Lloyd, Cynthia
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
citation Educational Inequalities in the midst of widespread28, 2007 Mapping Global Inequalities Conference, Santa Cruz,to the growth of inequalities both within and between
1 Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7 I Representing an Inequality ...
charlotb
2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z
1. Ma 15200 Lesson 18 Section 1.7. I. Representing an Inequality. There are 3 ways to represent an inequality. (1) Using the inequality symbol (sometime.
Bell Inequality and Many-Worlds Interpretation
Lev Vaidman
2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z
It is argued that the lesson we should learn from Bell's inequalities is not that quantum mechanics requires some kind of action at a distance, but that it leads us to believe in parallel worlds.
Matroid prophet inequalities and Bayesian mechanism design
Weinberg, S. Matthew (Seth Matthew)
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Consider a gambler who observes a sequence of independent, non-negative random numbers and is allowed to stop the sequence at any time, claiming a reward equal to the most recent observation. The famous prophet inequality ...
Inequality design limits in optimal aerodynamic shapes
Seaman, Charles Knight
1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like to thank Mr. Stan Lowy for his assistance. ABSTRACT The investigation is concerned with ways of including design con- straints in the problem of optimum aerodynamic shapes. Inequality constraints are examined in the report as one... means of describing design limits in the optimization problem. The use of inequality con- straints to consider design limits in a variational solution is illustrated with an example problem. In the example problem, the admissable profiles for a...
Nagaev, Sergei V.
. Among classical probabilities are those by S.N. Bernstein (see [1, III, Â§3, Theorem 18]) and Bennet [2) decrease exponentially as x for all summand forming the sum n j=1 Xj. As to the Bennet] is adjacent to the BennetÂHoeffding inequality. That was rather a limited list of probability inequalities
Nagaev, Sergei V.
. Among classical probabilities are those by S.N. Bernstein (see [1, III, Â§3, Theorem 18]) and Bennet [2(X j > x) decrease exponentially as x ## for all summand forming the sum # n j=1 X j . As to the Bennet] is adjacent to the Bennet--Hoe#ding inequality. That was rather a limited list of probability inequalities
Violation of the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality with Matter Waves K. V. Kheruntsyan,1
Kheruntsyan, Karen
) inequality--one of the most widely used and important inequalities in mathematics--can be formulated
Essays on financial markets, inequality and economic development
Blaum, Joaquin
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In Chapter 1, I study the effects of wealth inequality on economies where financial markets are imperfect. I exploit the idea that inequality should have a different effect across sectors. Using a difference-in-difference ...
GEOMETRIC NUMERICAL INTEGRATION OF INEQUALITY CONSTRAINED, NONSMOOTH HAMILTONIAN SYSTEMS
Columbia University
and obtain an associated framework for composing ge- ometric numerical integration methods for inequality-equalityÂconstrained geometric integration setting, we target long-term structure preservation. In the inequality-constrained
OPTIMALITY CONDITIONS FOR IRREGULAR INEQUALITY-CONSTRAINED PROBLEMS
Solodov, Mikhail V.
OPTIMALITY CONDITIONS FOR IRREGULAR INEQUALITY-CONSTRAINED PROBLEMS A. F. IZMAILOV AND M. VÂOptimization, and by FAPERJ. 1280 #12;IRREGULAR INEQUALITY-CONSTRAINED PROBLEMS 1281 Note that in (1.4) cone K is not required
Sobolev inequality for localization of pseudo-relativistic energy
A. A. Balinsky; A. E. Tyukov
2005-08-18T23:59:59.000Z
In this article we present Sobolev-type inequalities for the localization of pseudo-relativistic energy.
Income Inequality and Mortality: The Costa RIcan Case
Modrek, Sepideh
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
44-49). San Francisco Kuznets, S. (1955). Economic Growthin income inequality (Kuznets, 1955), but benefits from this
Bayesian Optimization with Inequality Constraints Jacob R. Gardner1
Columbia University
- eter tuning and experimental design. How- ever, this framework has not been extended to the inequality-constrained
TUSNADY'S INEQUALITY REVISITED ANDREW CARTER AND DAVID POLLARD
Pollard, David
at all simple". Bretagnolle and Massart (1989, Appendix) published another proof of TusnÂ´ady's inequality--an
Inequality and Social Security Reforms Jean-Olivier Hairault
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
received so much support, it is because it is consid- ered as inequality-reducing, relative to a more
Poverty and Inequality Research Cluster Global Development and Happiness
Sussex, University of
Poverty and Inequality Research Cluster Global Development and Happiness: How can Data Volume 2013 No 432 #12;2 The Poverty and Inequality research cluster, part of the Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction team at IDS, produces research on poverty, inequality and wellbeing. Our research
Renormalisation of Noncommutative Quantum Field Harald Grosse1
Wulkenhaar, Raimar
Renormalisation of Noncommutative Quantum Field Theory Harald Grosse1 and Raimar Wulkenhaar2 1 recall some models for noncommutative space-time and discuss quantum field theories on these deformed. Keywords: noncommutative geometry; quantum field theory; renormalisation AMS Subject Classification: 81T15
Sadoulet, Elisabeth
A. de Janvry and E. Sadoulet, Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Latin America 1 May 2000 Appendix B Poverty and Inequality Data Table B1 gives the poverty and inequality data used in the study. The data in general come from the work of Oscar Altimir at CEPAL who reconciled the calculations of poverty
Validity and failure of some entropy inequalities for CAR systems
Hajime Moriya
2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
Basic properties of von Neumann entropy such as the triangle inequality and what we call MONO-SSA are studied for CAR systems. We show that both inequalities hold for any even state. We construct a certain class of noneven states giving counter examples of those inequalities. It is not always possible to extend a set of prepared states on disjoint regions to some joint state on the whole region for CAR systems. However, for every even state, we have its `symmetric purification' by which the validity of those inequalities is shown. Some (realized) noneven states have peculiar state correlations among subsystems and induce the failure of those inequalities.
Bell-inequality violation with "thermal" radiation
Radim Filip; Miloslav Dusek; Jaromir Fiurasek; Ladislav Mista
2001-05-17T23:59:59.000Z
The model of a quantum-optical device for a conditional preparation of entangled states from input mixed states is presented. It is demonstrated that even thermal or pseudo-thermal radiation can be entangled in such a way, that Bell-inequalities are violated.
Bregman Divergences and Triangle Inequality Sreangsu Acharyya
Banerjee, Arindam
and metrics that satisfy the triangle inequality. The first family can be derived from any well-behaved convex in terms of cumulants of infinitely divisible distributions, and related results in harmonic analysis. We Symmetrized Bregman (GSB) diver- gence, can be derived from any well behaved convex function. We present
NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES MEASURING ANCIENT INEQUALITY
Hickman, Mark
-industrial income gaps between rich and poor. Simon Kuznets was very skeptical of attempts to compare income concepts, and different parts of the national economy. To underline his doubts, Kuznets once asked data?" Economists with interest in inequality are indebted to Kuznets for his sage warning.1 We are eve
Golden-Thompson's inequality for deformed exponentials
Frank Hansen
2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
Deformed logarithms and their inverse functions, the deformed exponentials, are important tools in the theory of non-additive entropies and non-extensive statistical mechanics. We formulate and prove counterparts of Golden-Thompson's trace inequality for q-exponentials with parameter q in the interval [1,3].
Earnings inequality and in-work-poverty
Gutiérrez Palacios, Rodolfo; Guillén Rodríguez, Ana Marta; Peña-Casas, Ramón
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. The first deals with our level of knowledge about the impact of economic globalization on earnings inequalities. Sections 2 and 3 are devoted to the dynamics and present situation of the incidence of low paid work and in-work poverty respectively. Section 4...
Gross Receipts Tax Exemption for Sales of Wind and Solar Systems to Government Entities
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
New Mexico has a gross receipts tax structure for businesses instead of a sales tax. Businesses are taxed on the gross amount of their business receipts each year before expenses are deducted. ...
Bound on Bell Inequalities by Fraction of Determinism and Reverse Triangle Inequality
P. Joshi; K. Horodecki; M. Horodecki; P. Horodecki; R. Horodecki; Ben Li; S. J. Szarek; T. Szarek
2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z
It is an established fact that entanglement is a resource. Sharing an entangled state leads to non-local correlations and to violations of Bell inequalities. Such non-local correlations illustrate the advantage of quantum resources over classical resources. Here, we study quantitatively Bell inequalities with $2\\times n$ inputs. As found in [N. Gisin et al., Int. J. Q. Inf. 5, 525 (2007)] quantum mechanical correlations cannot reach the algebraic bound for such inequalities. In this paper, we uncover the heart of this effect which we call the {\\it fraction of determinism}. We show that any quantum statistics with two parties and $2 \\times n$ inputs exhibits nonzero fraction of determinism, and we supply a quantitative bound for it. We then apply it to provide an explicit {\\it universal upper bound} for Bell inequalities with $2\\times n$ inputs. As our main mathematical tool we introduce and prove a {\\it reverse triangle inequality}, stating in a quantitative way that if some states are far away from a given state, then their mixture is also. The inequality is crucial in deriving the lower bound for the fraction of determinism, but is also of interest on its own.
Cushing, Lara; Morello-Frosch, Rachel; Wander, Madeline; Pastor, Manuel
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Divided We Stand: Why Inequality Keeps Rising. Paris: OECD (States: Tackling High Inequalities and Creating Opportu-Y. 2005. Emulation, inequality, and work hours: was Thorsten
Lopez-Feldman, Alejandro; Mora, Jorge; Taylor, J. Edward
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Mitigate Poverty and Inequality? Evidence from Rural MexicoMitigate Poverty and Inequality? Evidence from Rural MexicoBootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures’,
Ngepah, Nicholas
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and G. Tabelini, 1994. " Is Inequality Harmful for Growth?"The Poverty-Growth-Inequality Triangle" Paper presented atat Old Issues: Growth and Inequality," Mimeo, World Bank,
School Leaders Sense-making and Use of Equity-related Data to Disrupt Patterns of Inequality
Chikwe, Moses
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
track: How schools structure inequality. New Haven, CT: YaleChallenging or reproducing inequality? Teachers CollegeC. S. , et al. (1996). Inequality by design: Cracking the
Golden, Miriam; Wallerstein, Michael
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
to explaining income inequality: An interdisciplinaryand disposable income inequalities. Discussion Papers SP II,erences in male wage inequality: Institutions versus market
Glinianaia, Svetlana V; Ghosh, Rakesh; Rankin, Judith; Pearce, Mark S; Parker, Louise; Pless-Mulloli, Tanja
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Field DJ: Socioeconomic inequalities in very preterm birth2635. 23. Munro J: Health inequalities 25 years after Black.report on socioeconomic inequalities in health 10 years on.
Test of Genuine Multipartite Nonlocality Without Inequality
Qing Chen; Sixia Yu; Chengjie Zhang; C. H. Lai; C. H. Oh
2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
In this letter we propose a set of conditions on the joint probabilities as a test of genuine multipartite nonlocality without inequality. Our test is failed by all non-signaling local models in which even nonlocal correlations among some observables (not all) are allowed as long as these correlations respect the non-signaling principle. A pass of our test by a state therefore indicates that this state cannot be simulated by any non-signaling local models, i.e., the state exhibits genuine multipartite nonlocality. It turns out that all entangled symmetric n-qubit ($n \\geq 3$) states pass our test and therefore are n-way nonlocal. Also we construct two Bell-type inequalities from our proposed test whose violations indicate genuine multipartite nonlocal correlations.
The Relationship Between Unemployment and Earnings Inequality in South Africa
Tregenna, Fiona
1 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNEMPLOMENT AND EARNINGS INEQUALITY IN SOUTH AFRICA FIONA TREGENNA Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge ABSTRACT Unemployment and earnings inequality have moved closely together in South Africa... in recent years, suggesting that there may not be a trade-off between them as the literature generally suggests. This article explores the relationship between unemployment and earnings inequality in South Africa, specifically investigating the extent...
Mathematical and physical meaning of the Bell inequalities
Emilio Santos
2014-10-18T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown that the Bell inequalities are closely related to the triangle inequalities involving distance functions amongst pairs of random variables with values {0,1} . A hidden variables model may be defined as a mapping between a set of quantum projection operators and a set of random variables. The model is noncontextual if there is a joint probability distribution. The Bell inequalities are necessary conditions for its existence. The inequalities are most relevant when measurements are performed at space-like separation, a possibility showing a conflict between quantum mechanics and local realism (Bell's theorem).
Bell-type inequalities for non-local resources
Nicolas Brunner; Valerio Scarani; Nicolas Gisin
2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z
We present bipartite Bell-type inequalities which allow the two partners to use some non-local resource. Such inequality can only be violated if the parties use a resource which is more non-local than the one permitted by the inequality. We introduce a family of N-inputs non-local machines, which are generalizations of the well-known PR-box. Then we construct Bell-type inequalities that cannot be violated by strategies that use one these new machines. Finally we discuss implications for the simulation of quantum states.
Chance–Constrained Linear Matrix Inequalities with Dependent ...
2011-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
Jan 27, 2011 ... Department of Systems Engineering and Engineering Management, The ..... as systems of linear matrix inequalities. .... Observe that the quality.
A BRASCAMP-LIEB-LUTTINGER–TYPE INEQUALITY AND ...
2001-02-09T23:59:59.000Z
References. [1] C. Bandle, Isoperimetric Inequalities and Applications, Monographs and Studies in Mathe- matics, Pitman 1980. [2] R. Ba˜nuelos and T. Carroll, ...
Isoperimetric Inequalities Related to Mass and Energy in General ...
2007-05-17T23:59:59.000Z
THE 3RD SYMPOSIUM ON ANALYSIS AND PDES. PURDUE UNIVERSITY, MAY 27–30, 2007. ISOPERIMETRIC INEQUALITIES RELATED TO MASS AND.
Poincaré inequality, the uniqueness of the solutions for the heat ...
Bumsik Kim
2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 13, 2013 ... Classic Heat equation in R n. KNOWN : Positive solution u is uniquely determined by the initial condition : Why? (Harnack's inequality) : ? ? Rn ...
Inner approximations for polynomial matrix inequalities and robust ...
2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 26, 2011 ... is modelled by parametrized polynomial matrix inequalities (PMI). ... Given a parametrized PMI set, we provide a hierarchy of linear matrix ...
Multiplicities of Pfaffian Intersections, and the Lojasiewicz Inequality ...
1910-00-40T23:59:59.000Z
and the exponents in the Lojasiewicz inequalities for Pfaffian functions. For the intersections defined by sparse polynomials, the multiplicities outside the.
An inequality for potentials and the “hot–spots” conjecture
2003-06-04T23:59:59.000Z
inequality, by the conformal invariance of Brownian motion, implies a result of Pascu [13] on “hot–spots” for certain symmetric convex domains. ?Supported in ...
THE LEX-PLUS-POWER INEQUALITY FOR LOCAL COHOMOLOGY ...
2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
We prove an inequality between Hilbert functions of local cohomology modules supported in the homogeneous maximal ideal of standard graded algebras over
an epiperimetric inequality approach to the regularity of the free ...
2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
An epiperimetric inequality for the Signorini problem. 18. 7. C1,? regularity of the regular part of the free boundary. 28. References. 39. 1. Introduction. 1.1.
The Effect of Growth Volatility on Income Inequality Ho-Chuan (River) Huang
Ahmad, Sajjad
positively affects growth. Barro (2000) uncovers a nonlinear inequality-growth nexus, with inequality growth in low-income ones. Rather than examining the volatility-growth or the inequality-growth linkages
Inequality at Work: The Effect of Peer Salaries on Job Satisfaction
Card, David; Mas, Alexandre; Moretti, Enrico; Saez, Emmanuel
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Kuhn (2007). “Does Pay Inequality A?ect Worker E?ort? Ex-Wage Structure and Earnings Inequality,” Handbook of LaborNBER WORKING PAPER SERIES INEQUALITY AT WORK: THE EFFECT OF
Inequality and Economic Growth: Bridging the Short-run and the Long-run
Grijalva, Diego F.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
40, 1–46. Benabou, Roland, “Inequality and Growth,” in BenAkira Nishiyama, “Income Inequality and Growth - Does theU Relationship between Inequality and Long-run Growth,”
The Decline in Inequality In Brazil, 2003-2009: The Role Of The State
Souza, Pedro H.G.F.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and S. G. Prus. 2006. “Income Inequality over the Later-LifeThe Dynamics of Income Inequality in Mexico Since NAFTA. ”Recent Trends in Income Inequality in Latin America. ”
Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”: A Conversation with Devin Fergus
Reid, Carolina
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Research Center. Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”: A Conversationand Osoro 2013). Wealth Inequality in the “Land of the Fee”
Intergenerational Wealth Transmission and the Dynamics of Inequality in Small-Scale Societies
Borgerhoff Mulder, Monique
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Handbook of Economic Inequality, W. Salverda, B. Nolan, T.Handbook of Economic Inequality, W. Salverda, B. Nolan, T.and the Dynamics of Inequality in Small-Scale Societies
The Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy on general rectangular tori
Sebastian Herr; Vedran Sohinger
2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, we study the Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy on general --rational and irrational-- rectangular tori of dimension two and three. This is a system of infinitely many linear partial differential equations which arises in the rigorous derivation of the nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger equation. We prove a conditional uniqueness result for the hierarchy. In two dimensions, this result allows us to obtain a rigorous derivation of the defocusing cubic nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger equation from the dynamics of many-body quantum systems. On irrational tori, this question was posed as an open problem in previous work of Kirkpatrick, Schlein, and Staffilani.
Other incarnations of the Gross-Pitaevskii dark soliton
Indubala I Satija; Radha Balakrishnan
2010-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the dark soliton of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation (GPE) that describes the Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) density of a system of weakly repulsive bosons, also describes that of a system of strongly repulsive hard core bosons at half filling. As a consequence of this, the GPE soliton gets related to the magnetic soliton in an easy-plane ferromagnet, where it describes the square of the in-plane magnetization of the system. These relationships are shown to be useful in understanding various characteristics of solitons in these distinct many-body systems.
Gross shell structure at high spin in heavy nuclei
Deleplanque, Marie-Agnes; Frauendorf, Stefan; Pashkevich, Vitaly V.; Chu, S.Y.; Unzhakova, Anja
2003-10-07T23:59:59.000Z
Experimental nuclear moments of inertia at high spins along the yrast line have been determined systematically and found to differ from the rigid-body values. The difference is attributed to shell effect and these have been calculated microscopically. The data and quantal calculations are interpreted by means of the semiclassical Periodic Orbit Theory. From this new perspective, features in the moments of inertia as a function of neutron number and spin, as well as their relation to the shell energies can be understood. Gross shell effects persist up to the highest angular momenta observed.
Calif--onshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0ProvedGross Withdrawals (Million Cubic
California--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecadeReservesYear Jan FebFeet) Gross Withdrawals
Federal Offshore--Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at1,066,688Electricity Use as anCubicWells (MillionFeet) Gross
Alabama--onshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptemberProcessed in AlabamaGross Withdrawals
Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Total Offshore (Million Cubic Feet)
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptemberProcessedDecade Year-0SurveyingGross
Alaska--onshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2Cubic Feet) GasGross
Texas--onshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality", 2013,Iowa"Dakota"YearProductionShale ProvedA(MillionGross Withdrawals
Louisiana--onshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade EnergyTennesseeYear JanProduction (Million Barrels)CubicGross
Patrizio Neff; Dirk Pauly; Karl-Josef Witsch
2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
We prove a Korn-type inequality for tensor fields without gradient structure, which generalizes Korn's first inequality.
Visible Inequality, Status Competition and Conspicuous Consumption: Evidence from India
Bandyopadhyay, Antar
Visible Inequality, Status Competition and Conspicuous Consumption: Evidence from India Punarjit representative micro data from India. I ...nd that a decrease in the level of visible inequality, ceteris paribus in one's social status due to parallel action of others. From a policy perspective, my ...ndings
Inner approximations for polynomial matrix inequalities and robust stability regions
of feasible solutions is modelled by parametrized polynomial matrix inequalities (PMI). These feasibility sets are typically nonconvex. Given a parametrized PMI set, we provide a hierarchy of linear matrix inequality (LMI.g. [5] for a software implementation and examples, and see [6] for an application to PMI problems
Stable radial distortion calibration by polynomial matrix inequalities programming
Henrion, Didier
polynomials. Further, we show how to model these nonnegativities using polynomial matrix inequalities (PMI) and how to estimate the radial distortion parameters subject to PMI constraints using semidefinite to stabilize the shape of the distortion function. It is based on polynomial matrix inequalities (PMI
Concentration-of-measure inequalities Lecture notes by Gbor Lugosi
Beal, Matt J.
's inequalityX for ny nonnegtive rndom vrile XD nd t > 0D P{X ! t} EX t . sf follows from wrkov9s inequlity tht} = P{(X) ! (t)} E(X) (t) . en pplition of this with (x) = x2 is Chebyshev's inequalityX if X is n
What Drives the Public Mood of Income Inequality
Myers, Rebekah M
2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
on In co m e In eq ua lity , 1 97 1? 20 12 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Year Figure 3.1: Public Mood on Income Inequality, 1971-2012 23 Table 3.1: Do Economic Factors Drive Public Mood Towards Income Inequality? Public Mood of Income Inequalityt?1 0.813 (0...
On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling
Leder, Kevin Z.
On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling By Jose Blanchet, Kevin Abstract In this paper we explain some connections between Lyapunov meth- ods and subsolutions of an associated Lyapunov inequality, have been re- cently proposed (see e.g. [12, 14]) and have been succesfully
On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling
Blanchet, Jose H.
On Lyapunov Inequalities and Subsolutions for Efficient Importance Sampling By Jose Blanchet, Peter Abstract In this paper we explain some connections between Lyapunov methods and subso- lutions, subsolutions can be derived by taking an appropriate limit of an associated Lyapunov inequality. They have been
Chatziantoniou, Damianos
IN GREECE» ( ) Abstract Income inequality gains significance from its close relationship with social distribution in Greece utilizing alternative data sources and employing several statistic and econometric is the introduction. Chapter 2 presents a detailed literature review of income inequality in Greece. Data
A General Relativistic Generalization of Bell Inequality
Vladan Pankovic
2005-06-16T23:59:59.000Z
In this work a general relativistic generalization of Bell inequality is suggested. Namely,it is proved that practically in any general relativistic metric there is a generalization of Bell inequality.It can be satisfied within theories of local (subluminal) hidden variables, but it cannot be satisfied in the general case within standard quantum mechanical formalism or within theories of nonlocal (superluminal) hidden variables. It is shown too that within theories of nonlocal hidden variables but not in the standard quantum mechanical formalism a paradox appears in the situation when one of the correlated subsystems arrives at a Schwarzschild black hole. Namely, there is no way that black hole horizon obstructs superluminal influences between spin of the subsystem without horizon and spin of the subsystem within horizon,or simply speaking,there is none black hole horizon nor "no hair" theorem for subsystems with correlated spins. It implies that standard quantum mechanical formalism yields unique consistent and complete description of the quantum mechanical phenomenons.
Human Ecology, Vol. 32, No. 3, June 2004 ( C 2004) Do Markets Worsen Economic Inequalities?
Gurven, Michael
Human Ecology, Vol. 32, No. 3, June 2004 ( C 2004) Do Markets Worsen Economic Inequalities? Kuznets,forexample,increasingincomeinequal- ities. The Kuznets hypothesis predicts that the link between income inequality and income (a proxy: economic inequality; Kuznets; Tsimane'; Bolivia; markets; globalization. INTRODUCTION Economic inequalities
THE EMERGENCE OF INEQUALITY IN SMALL-SCALE SOCIETIES: SIMPLE SCENARIOS AND AGENT-BASED SIMULATIONS
Smith, Eric Alden
institutionalized political and economic inequality--for most of our species' history. Non-egalitarian societies
Dynamics, space, and regional inequality in provincial China: A case study of Guangdong province
Wei, Yehua Dennis
that the policies toward inequality-reducing in Guangdong have been constrained by the geographical barriers
Entropic inequalities for noncomposite quantum systems realized by superconducting circuits
A. K. Fedorov; E. O. Kiktenko; O. V. Man'ko; V. I. Man'ko
2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
We study a class of entropic inequalities obtained for noncomposite quantum system realized by a many-level superconducting circuit. By using a mapping on bipartite quantum states, we consider possible realization schemes of various quantum logic gates for noncomposite quantum systems. In this framework, we discuss $\\log{N}$ entropic inequalities for Shannon and R\\'eniy entropies based on the quantum Fourier transform. Implementation of the quantum Fourier transform on a quantum processor based on many-level superconducting circuits opens a way for experimental verification of $\\log{N}$ entropic inequalities.
Calibration robust entanglement detection beyond Bell inequalities
Tobias Moroder; Oleg Gittsovich
2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
In its vast majority entanglement verification is examined either in the complete characterized or totally device independent scenario. The assumptions imposed by these extreme cases are often either too weak or strong for real experiments. Here we investigate this detection task for the intermediate regime where partial knowledge of the measured observables is known, considering cases like orthogonal, sharp or only dimension bounded measurements. We show that for all these assumptions it is not necessary to violate a corresponding Bell inequality in order to detect entanglement. We derive strong detection criteria that can be directly evaluated for experimental data and which are robust against large classes of calibration errors. The conditions are even capable of detecting bound entanglement under the sole assumption of dimension bounded measurements.
Rucci, A.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
T. Takayama, 1966, Inequality restric¬ tions in regressionEstima¬ tion with Inequality Restrictions on Parameters: TheLiew, C . K . , 1976b, Inequality Constrained Least-Squares
A simple exact separation algorithm for 2-matching inequalities.
Julian Araoz
2007-11-07T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 7, 2007 ... ldc.usb.ve). Abstract: In this work we present an exact separation algorithm for the so called co-circuit inequalities, otherwise known as parity or ...
Sub-Riemannian isoperimetric inequalities on totally geodesic ...
Fabrice Baudoin
2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
Jan 29, 2015 ... The isoperimetric inequality writes for nice sets A. µ(A) ? Cisoµ(?A) n n?1 and the equality is achieved when A is a sphere. Ciso is called the ...
Net spaces and inequalities of Hardy-Littlewood type
Nursultanov, E D [Institute of Applied Mathematics National Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan)
1998-04-30T23:59:59.000Z
The summability properties of trigonometric Fourier series in L{sub p}-spaces are studied. The estimates obtained can be treated in a certain sense as reverse Hardy-Littlewood inequalities.
AN ALGEBRAIC PROOF OF ZAK'S INEQUALITY FOR THE ...
inequality for the a-invariant a(R) of R as defined in terms of the local cohomology module ???(R) with support in the homogeneous maximal ideal m of R. This.
RIEMANN'S INEQUALITY AND RIEMANN-ROCH DONU ARAPURA
Arapura, Donu
of genus g. Riemann's inequality gives a sufficient condition to construct meromorphic functions is a finite formal sum D = npp with p X and np Z. We sometimes view this as sum over all points with np = 0
Wage inequality and the role of pre-market skills
Steinberger, Michael Douglas
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation consists of three empirical studies, each using a measure of pre-market skills to examine an aspect of wage inequality in the U.S. labor market. Chapter One analyzes the factors associated with the change ...
A Markov-type inequality for arbitrary plane continua
1910-51-20T23:59:59.000Z
Dec 8, 2005 ... for all polynomials f. We prove a precise version of this inequality with an arbitrary continuum in the complex plane instead of the interval. [?1,1].
On the infimum convolution inequality and J. O. Wojtaszczyk
Latala, Rafal
study the infimum convolution inequalites. Such an inequality was first introduced by B. Maurey to give can be obtained from con- centration inequalites, and follow on to prove IC for the uniform measure
What Drives the Public Mood of Income Inequality
Myers, Rebekah M
2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
on Income Inequality Move Opinion? . . . 5 1.3.1 Presidential Agenda Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.3.2 Can the President Move Opinion? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.3.3 Strategic Presidential Rhetoric... Inequality Move Opinion? 1.3.1 Presidential Agenda Setting The president is elected with expectations that he will implement the policies he advocated for in his platform during his campaign. These issues have been strate- gically predetermined...
Quantum Fourier transform and tomographic Renyi entropic inequalities
M. A. Man'ko; V. I. Man'ko
2009-02-25T23:59:59.000Z
Renyi entropy associated with spin tomograms of quantum states is shown to obey to new inequalities containing the dependence on quantum Fourier transform. The limiting inequality for the von Neumann entropy of spin quantum states and a new kind of entropy associated with quantum Fourier transform are obtained. Possible connections with subadditivity and strong subadditivity conditions for tomographic entropies and von Neumann entropies are discussed.
Geometric conditions for violation of Bell's inequality
Mendas, Istok P. [Institute of Physics, P. O. Box 57, 11001 Belgrad (Serbia and Montenegro)
2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The geometric conditions for violation of Bell's inequality, in its original form dealing with a pair of spin one-half particles formed in the singlet spin state, are discussed. The parameters x{sub 1}, x{sub 2}, and x{sub 3} are introduced as the cosines of angles {theta}{sub ab}=angle(a,b), {theta}{sub ac}=angle(a,c), and {theta}{sub bc}=angle(b,c) between the unit vectors a, b, and c defining the orientation of the corresponding Stern-Gerlach magnets. A Monte Carlo experiment shows that in order to obtain violation, the three parameters must belong to a definite region in the parametric space that encompasses 1/3 of all possible triplets of unit vectors generated randomly from the isotropic distribution in the ordinary space. By introducing a measure of violation D{identical_to}|x{sub 1}-x{sub 2}|+x{sub 3}-1, it is found that 0{<=}D{<=}1/2 and that the maximal violation D=1/2 is obtained only in two isolated cases, when the relevant angles are {theta}{sub ab}=2{pi}/3, {theta}{sub ac}={theta}{sub bc}={pi}/3, or when {theta}{sub ab}={theta}{sub bc}={pi}/3, {theta}{sub ac}=2{pi}/3. In both cases the unit vectors a, b, and c are coplanar.
Hipp, John R
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
James W. 1990. "Ethnic Inequality and the Rate of Homicide."Blau. 1982. "The Cost of Inequality: Metropolitan StructureSociology 83:26-54. —. 1987. Inequality and Heterogeneity :
Positive maps, majorization, entropic inequalities, and detection of entanglement
Remigiusz Augusiak; Julia Stasi?ska
2009-07-09T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we discuss some general connections between the notions of positive map, weak majorization and entropic inequalities in the context of detection of entanglement among bipartite quantum systems. First, basing on the fact that any positive map $\\Lambda:M_{d}(\\mathbb{C})\\to M_{d}(\\mathbb{C})$ can be written as the difference between two completely positive maps $\\Lambda=\\Lambda_{1}-\\Lambda_{2}$, we propose a possible way to generalize the Nielsen--Kempe majorization criterion. Then we present two methods of derivation of some general classes of entropic inequalities useful for the detection of entanglement. While the first one follows from the aforementioned generalized majorization relation and the concept of the Schur--concave decreasing functions, the second is based on some functional inequalities. What is important is that, contrary to the Nielsen--Kempe majorization criterion and entropic inequalities, our criteria allow for the detection of entangled states with positive partial transposition when using indecomposable positive maps. We also point out that if a state with at least one maximally mixed subsystem is detected by some necessary criterion based on the positive map $\\Lambda$, then there exist entropic inequalities derived from $\\Lambda$ (by both procedures) that also detect this state. In this sense, they are equivalent to the necessary criterion $[I\\ot\\Lambda](\\varrho_{AB})\\geq 0$. Moreover, our inequalities provide a way of constructing multi--copy entanglement witnesses and therefore are promising from the experimental point of view. Finally, we discuss some of the derived inequalities in the context of recently introduced protocol of state merging and possibility of approximating the mean value of a linear entanglement witness.
ENERGY CONSERVATION AND BLOWUP OF SOLUTIONS FOR FOCUSING GROSS-PITAEVSKII HIERARCHIES
Tzirakis, Nikolaos
ENERGY CONSERVATION AND BLOWUP OF SOLUTIONS FOR FOCUSING GROSS-PITAEVSKII HIERARCHIES THOMAS CHEN . This is usually proven by use of energy conservation combined with a virial identity, a method often referred
Fact #768: February 25, 2013 New Light Vehicle Sales and Gross...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
of 17.1 million vehicles sold in 2001, but along the way, there have been significant ups and downs. Those ups and downs are also reflected in the change in Gross Domestic...
Gross Error Detection in Chemical Plants and Refineries for On-Line Optimization
Pike, Ralph W.
Gross Error Detection in Chemical Plants and Refineries for On-Line Optimization Xueyu Chen, Derya) British Petroleum Applications mainly crude units in refineries and ethylene plants #12;Companies
Analysis of historical gross gamma logging data from TY tank farm
MYERS, D.A.
1999-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
Gross gamma ray logs, recorded from January 1975 through mid-year 1994 as part of the Single-Shell Tank Farm Dry Well Surveillance Program, have been reanalyzed for the TY tank farm to locate the presence of mobile radionuclides in the subsurface. This report presents the TY tank farm gross gamma ray data in such a way as to assist others in their study of vadose zone mechanism.
Manage the Margins: Three Essays on Effective Policymaking for Social Inequality in Health
Zhu, Ling
2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation includes three studies, devoted to trying to understand inequality in health between people from different social groups in a democratic society. In the U.S., social inequality in health takes various forms and the key...
A taxonomy of descent algorithms for nonlinear programs and variational inequalities
Patriksson, Michael
A taxonomy of descent algorithms for nonlinear programs and variational inequalities Michael describes the problem and the choices of cost approximating mappings and merit functions. The taxonomy. Taxonomy, classification, nonlinear programs, variational inequalities, descent algo rithms, cost
Economic Growth, Poverty and Inequality: Indian Experience of Reforms and Development
Krivobokova, Tatyana
of Kuznets' (1955) hypothesis that income inequality increases during the early stages of development and decreases at later stages. Kuznets found an inverted U-shaped relation between income inequality and GNP per
Inequalities of Hardy–Sobolev Type in Carnot–Carathéodory Spaces
Donatel
2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
Abstract We consider various types of Hardy–Sobolev inequalities on a ... A celebrated inequality of S.L. Sobolev [49] states that for any 1
Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 -2010
Banaji,. Murad
Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 - 2010 John Hills ...................................................................................................................20 6. Outcomes: Poverty rates on the distribution of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis
The Ford-Pfenning Quantum Inequalities(QI) Analysis applied to the Natario Warp Drive Spacetime.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
The Ford-Pfenning Quantum Inequalities(QI) Analysis applied to the Natario Warp Drive Spacetime-called Quantum Inequalities(QI) that restricts the time we can observe the negative energy density.This time
Multipartite Bell-type Inequality by Generalizing Wigner's Argument
Dipankar Home; Debashis Saha; Siddhartha Das
2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
Wigner's argument inferring Bell-type inequality for the EPR-Bohm entangled state is generalized here for any N-partite state. This is based on assuming for the relevant dichotomic observables the existence of the overall joint probability distributions, satisfying the locality condition, that would yield the measurable marginal probabilities. For any N, such Generalized Wigner's Inequality (GWI) is violated by quantum mechanics for all pure entangled states. The e?cacy of GWI is probed, comparing with the Seevinck-Svetlichny multipartite Bell-type inequality, by calculating threshold visibilities for the quadripartite GHZ, Cluster andWstates that determine their respective robustness with respect to the quantum mechanical violation of GWI in the presence of white noise.
Coherent control and manifestation of inequality of forward and reversed processes in optics
V. A. Kuz'menko
2004-03-12T23:59:59.000Z
The experiments with broadband down-converted light clearly show inequality of forward and reversed processes in optics.
A Super-Additivity Inequality for Channel Capacity of Classical-Quantum Channels
Rahul Jain
2009-02-20T23:59:59.000Z
We show a super-additivity inequality for the channel capacity of classical-quantum (c - q) channels.
Some Thoughts on the Adaptive Function of Inequity Aversion: An Alternative to Brosnans Social
Santos, Laurie R.
and explore how it may have given rise to inequality-averse behavior in social settings. We conclude
The Modal Logic of Inequality Author(s): Maarten de Rijke
de Rijke, Maarten
on the relation of inequality.The proposal to consider the D-operator is due to several people independently
Tsirelson's bound from a Generalised Data Processing Inequality
Dahlsten, Oscar C O; Renner, Renato
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The strength of quantum correlations is bounded from above by Tsirelson's bound. We establish a connection between this bound and the fact that correlations between two systems cannot increase under local operations, a property known as the \\emph{data processing inequality}. More specifically, we consider arbitrary convex probabilistic theories. These can be equipped with an entropy measure that naturally generalizes the von Neumann entropy, as shown recently in [Short and Wehner]. We prove that if the data processing inequality holds with respect to this generalized entropy measure then the underlying theory necessarily respects Tsirelson's bound. We moreover generalise this statement to any entropy measure satisfying certain minimal requirements.
The Leggett-Garg inequality in electron interferometers
Clive Emary; Neill Lambert; Franco Nori
2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the violation of the Leggett-Garg inequality in electronic Mach-Zehnder inteferometers. This set-up has two distinct advantages over earlier quantum-transport proposals: firstly, the required correlation functions can be obtained without time-resolved measurements. Secondly, the geometry of an interferometer allows one to construct the correlation functions from ideal negative measurements, which addresses the non-invasiveness requirement of the Leggett-Garg inequality. We discuss two concrete realisations of these ideas: the first in quantum Hall edge-channels, the second in a double quantum dot interferometer.
The Impact of Trade on Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: Technology vs. Comparative Advantage
Bandyopadhyay, Antar
The Impact of Trade on Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: Technology vs. Comparative: Wages, Inequality, Trade, Technology Transfer First draft, 20.09.2014 Summary During the expansion of world trade since the 1980s, measures of inequality have risen not only in developed countries, but also
Inequality and the Dayton Tax-Budget Plan Jay Coggins and Dane Smith
Weiblen, George D
Inequality and the Dayton Tax-Budget Plan Jay Coggins and Dane Smith Department of Applied Economics University of Minnesota March 6, 2013 Jay Coggins and Dane Smith Inequality and the Dayton Tax Jay Coggins and Dane Smith Inequality and the Dayton Tax-Budget Plan #12;Size of chart needed for Ray
Unfair inequalities in health and health care Marc Fleurbaey and Erik Schokkaert
Nesterov, Yurii
2007/90 Unfair inequalities in health and health care Marc Fleurbaey and Erik Schokkaert #12;CORE DISCUSSION PAPER 2007/90 Unfair inequalities in health and health care Marc FLEURBAEY 1 and Erik SCHOKKAERT2 November2007 Abstract Inequalities in health and health care are caused by different factors. Measuring
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Eur J Cancer. Author manuscript Page /1 5 Social inequalities in cancer incidence and cancer ( ). With regards to cancer risk, a first comprehensive review of socioeconomic inequalities was1 published by IARC in 1997 ( ). This review covered inequalities in cancer mortality, incidence and survival and discussed
Exponential inequalities for martingales and asymptotic properties of the free energy of
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Exponential inequalities for martingales and asymptotic properties of the free energy of directed exponential concentration inequalities for the free energy of directed polymers in random environment, show in terms of free energies of some multiplicative cascades, which improves an inequality of Comets
H Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Aircraft Turbofan Engine Health Estimation
Simon, Dan
, this paper shows how the inequality-constrained H filtering problem can be reduced to a standard quadratic programming problem; third, this paper shows how inequality-constrained H filtering can be applied inequality-constrained H filtering to estimate aircraft engine component efficiencies and flow capacities
Santerre, Rock
A Bayesian method for linear, inequality-constrained adjustment and its application to GPS 2005 Abstract. One of the typical approaches to linear, inequality-constrained adjustment (LICA be improved significantly and the new approach is feasible. Key words: Linear, inequality-constrained
H Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Aircraft Turbofan Engine Health Estimation
Simon, Dan
shows how inequality-constrained H filtering can be applied to aircraft engine health estimation the inequality-constrained H filter can be reduced to a standard H filter combined with a quadratic programming health parameter estimation. This paper applies inequality-constrained H filtering to estimate aircraft
A Gibbs sampler for inequality-constrained geostatistical interpolation and inverse modeling
Michalak, Anna M.
A Gibbs sampler for inequality-constrained geostatistical interpolation and inverse modeling Anna M. M. (2008), A Gibbs sampler for inequality-constrained geostatistical interpolation and inverse to inequality-constrained data and parameters. The approach is to be applicable with any variogram or covariance
Asymptotic distribution of inequality-restricted canonical correlation with application to tests for
Kuriki, Satoshi
Asymptotic distribution of inequality-restricted canonical correlation with application to tests Running Head: Inequality-restricted canonical correlation Address for correspondence: Satoshi Kuriki-way ordered contingency tables based on these models are devel- oped in a general framework of inequality-restricted
On some sharp spectral inequalities for Schrödinger operators on semi-axis
Pavel Exner; Ari Laptev; Muhammad Usman
2013-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we obtain sharp Lieb-Thirring inequalities for a Schr\\"odinger operator on semi-axis with a matrix potential and show how they can be used to other related problems. Among them are spectral inequalities on star graphs and spectral inequalities for Schr\\"odinger operators on half-spaces with Robin boundary conditions.
Delayed neutron emission in the semi-gross theory of nuclear {beta}-decay
Tachibana, Takahiro; Yamada, Masami [Advanced Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan)
1998-12-21T23:59:59.000Z
The semi-gross theory of nuclear {beta}-decay enables one to estimate some {beta}-decay properties such as half-lives and delayed neutron emission probabilities (P{sub n}-values) in the region far from the {beta}-stability line. This theory has been obtained by refining the conventional gross theory to take into account some shell effects of the parent nucleus. In this theory, the one-particle energy-levels are assumed to be discrete and non-uniform, and the one-particle strength function depends on the orbital and total angular momenta of the decaying nucleon. The P{sub n}-values obtained with use of the semi-gross theory are lower than the experimental values in many cases. In order to get more reasonable P{sub n}-values, the strength of the semi-gross theory in each small energy interval is spread with a width depending on the excitation energy. Modified P{sub n}-values thus obtained are compared with the experimental data as well as those estimated by the semi-gross theory.
Optimization on linear matrix inequalities for polynomial systems control
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Optimization on linear matrix inequalities for polynomial systems control Didier Henrion1,2 Draft Many problems of systems control theory boil down to solving polynomial equations, polynomial conclude this part with applications to optimal control (design of a trajectory optimal w.r.t. a given
Proceedings Article Differential Pricing with inequity aversion in social networks
Shamir, Ron
Proceedings Article Differential Pricing with inequity aversion in social networks Noga Alon, Tel the algorithmic problem of maximizing revenue in a network using differential pricing, where the prices offered pricing can be computed efficiently, even for arbitrary revenue functions. In contrast, we show
Kalman Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Turbofan Engine Health Estimation
Simon, Dan
Kalman Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Turbofan Engine Health Estimation ¤ Dan Simon, OH 44115 Cleveland, OH 44135 Abstract Kalman ¯lters are often used to estimate the state variables of a dynamic system. However, in the application of Kalman ¯lters some known signal information is often either
Backward stochastic variational inequalities under weak assumptions on the data
Maticiuc, Lucian; Zalinescu, Adrian
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this paper is to study the existence and uniqueness of the solution of the backward stochastic differential equations involving the subdifferential operator $\\partial\\varphi$ (also called backward stochastic variational inequalities): \\[ {\\begin{array} [c]{l}% -dY_{t}+\\partial\\varphi(Y_{t}) dt\
Multivariate extensions of the Golden-Thompson inequality
Frank Hansen
2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
We study concave trace functions of several operator variables and formulate and prove multivariate generalisations of the Golden-Thompson inequality. The obtained results imply that certain functionals in quantum statistical mechanics have bounds of the same form as they appear in classical physics.
Journal of Inequalities in Pure and Applied Mathematics
Tuan, Vu
heat source of the heat equation tu(x, t) = u(x, t) + f(t)(x), x Rn , t > 0 from the observation u(x0, t), 0 remote point x0 away from the support of . Under an a priori assumption of applications. Key words and phrases: Convolution, Heat source, Weighted convolution inequalities, Young
Economics 390 (Section 14) Poverty and Inequality in Advanced Societies
Sheridan, Jennifer
Economics 390 (Section 14) Poverty and Inequality in Advanced Societies Steven N. Durlauf and intertemporally. The course will have two textbooks as background: Gary Becker and Kevin Murphy, Social Economics in economics. Course lectures will not follow a textbook. They will consist of the instructor's development
Outsourcing and wage inequality in the home country
Hsu, Kuang-Chung
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Happened to the Outsourcing Effect on Wage Inequality in the 1970s?” I find that, in the 1970s, white-collar workers’ wages deteriorated and blue-collar workers’ wages were non-decreasing. R&D workers always benefit from outsourcing. Except computers...
Convergent relaxations of polynomial matrix inequalities and static output feedback
Henrion, Didier
(LMI) relaxations to solve non-convex polynomial matrix in- equality (PMI) optimization problems minimizers that satisfy the PMI. The approach is successfully applied to PMIs arising from static output- mulated as polynomial matrix inequality (PMI) optimization problems in the controller parameters
Inequalities for low-energy symmetric nuclear matter
Dean Lee
2004-07-24T23:59:59.000Z
Using effective field theory we prove inequalities for the correlations of two-nucleon operators in low-energy symmetric nuclear matter. For physical values of operator coefficients in the effective Lagrangian, the S = 1, I = 0 channel correlations must have the lowest energy and longest correlation length in the two-nucleon sector. This result is valid at nonzero density and temperature.
Submanifolds of codimension two attaining equality in an extrinsic inequality
Tojeiro, Marcos Dajczer Ruy
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We provide a parametric construction in terms of minimal surfaces of the Euclidean submanifolds of codimension two and arbitrary dimension that attain equality in an inequality due to De Smet, Dillen, Verstraelen and Vrancken. The latter involves the scalar curvature, the norm of the normal curvature tensor and the length of the mean curvature vector.
Asymptotic and Bootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures
Boyer, Edmond
Asymptotic and Bootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures by Russell Davidson samples, although inference with poverty indices is satisfactory. We find that the major cause method in moderately large samples. JEL codes: C00, C15, I32 Key words: Income distribution, poverty
Seevinck, Michiel
Uffink. Utrecht University, the Netherlands. I: Bell inequality & Local commutativity Consider the well
Integrable Gross-Neveu models with fermion-fermion and fermion-antifermion pairing
Michael Thies
2014-08-23T23:59:59.000Z
The massless Gross-Neveu and chiral Gross-Neveu models are well known examples of integrable quantum field theories in 1+1 dimensions. We address the question whether integrability is preserved if one either replaces the four-fermion interaction in fermion-antifermion channels by a dual interaction in fermion-fermion channels, or if one adds such a dual interaction to an existing integrable model. The relativistic Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approach is adequate to deal with the large N limit of such models. In this way, we construct and solve three integrable models with Cooper pairing. We also identify a candidate for a fourth integrable model with maximal kinematic symmetry, the "perfect" Gross-Neveu model. This type of field theories can serve as exactly solvable toy models for color superconductivity in quantum chromodynamics.
A Computational Model based on Gross' Emotion Regulation Theory1 Tibor Bosse (tbosse@few.vu.nl)
Treur, Jan
A Computational Model based on Gross' Emotion Regulation Theory1 Tibor Bosse (tbosse for emotion regulation by formalizing the model informally described by Gross (1998). The model has been of emotional response) and qualitative aspects (such as decisions to regulate one's emotion). This model
Sanjeevi, Sujeevraja
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
of these inequalities. First we introduce the mixed n-step mixed integer rounding (MIR) inequalities for a generalization of the mixing set which we refer to as the n-mixing set. The n-mixing set is a multi-constraint mixed integer set in which each constraint has n...
Gross, George
Simulation Of Energy Storage In A System With Integrated Wind Resources Yannick Degeilh, Justine-scale storage [3],[4] to facilitate the improved harnessing of the wind resources by storing wind energy Descloux, George Gross University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA Abstract Â Utility-scale storage
Vanishing beta function for Grosse-Wulkenhaar model in a magnetic field
Joseph Ben Geloun; Razvan Gurau; Vincent Rivasseau
2008-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
We prove that the beta function of the Grosse-Wulkenhaar model including a magnetic field vanishes at all order of perturbations. We compute the renormalization group flow of the relevant dynamic parameters and find a non-Gaussian infrared fixed point. Some consequences of these results are discussed.
Suppressed gross erosion of high-temperature lithium films under high-flux deuterium bombardment
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
P1-030 Suppressed gross erosion of high-temperature lithium films under high-flux deuterium) and thick (~500 m) lithium films under high-flux deuterium and neon plasma bombardment were studied. For Ne plasmas, Li erosion rates inferred from measurements of Li-I radiation are consistent
Copyright George Gross, 2004 1 Evolving Nature of Electricity Market Design in the U.S.
Copyright George Gross, 2004 1 Evolving Nature of Electricity Market Design in the U.S. G smoothly functioning electricity wholesale markets in the U.S. and the path taken toward the implementation electricity markets is the desire to capture the benefits provided by competitive markets through improved
FOURIER COEFFICIENTS OF MODULAR FORMS ON G2 WEE TECK GAN, BENEDICT GROSS AND GORDAN SAVIN
Gan, Wee Teck
FOURIER COEFFICIENTS OF MODULAR FORMS ON G2 WEE TECK GAN, BENEDICT GROSS AND GORDAN SAVIN Abstract. We develop a theory of Fourier coefficients for modular forms on the split ex- ceptional group G2 on the group SL2(Z) is the wealth of information carried by the Fourier coefficients an(f), for n 0
Note on the Zero-Energy-Limit Solution for the Modified Gross-Pitaevskii Equation
A. Kwang-Hua Chu
2006-12-06T23:59:59.000Z
The modified Gross-Pitaevskii equation was derived and solved to obtain the 1D solution in the zero-energy limit. This stationary solution could account for the dominated contributions due to the kinetic effect as well as the chemical potential in inhomogeneous Bose gases.
Inequalities for quantum channels assisted by limited resources
Vittorio Giovannetti
2005-07-04T23:59:59.000Z
The information capacities and ``distillability'' of a quantum channel are studied in the presence of auxiliary resources. These include prior entanglement shared between the sender and receiver and free classical bits of forward and backward communication. Inequalities and trade-off curves are derived. In particular an alternative proof is given that in the absence of feedback and shared entanglement, forward classical communication does not increase the quantum capacity of a channel.
Near-Optimal and Explicit Bell Inequality Violations
Harry Buhrman; Oded Regev; Giannicola Scarpa; Ronald de Wolf
2011-03-25T23:59:59.000Z
Bell inequality violations correspond to behavior of entangled quantum systems that cannot be simulated classically. We give two new two-player games with Bell inequality violations that are stronger, fully explicit, and arguably simpler than earlier work. The first game is based on the Hidden Matching problem of quantum communication complexity, introduced by Bar-Yossef, Jayram, and Kerenidis. This game can be won with probability~1 by a quantum strategy using a maximally entangled state with local dimension $n$ (e.g., $\\log n$ EPR-pairs), while we show that the winning probability of any classical strategy differs from 1/2 by at most $O(\\log n/\\sqrt{n})$. The second game is based on the integrality gap for Unique Games by Khot and Vishnoi and the quantum rounding procedure of Kempe, Regev, and Toner. Here $n$-dimensional entanglement allows to win the game with probability $1/(\\log n)^2$, while the best winning probability without entanglement is $1/n$. This near-linear ratio ("Bell inequality violation") is near-optimal, both in terms of the local dimension of the entangled state, and in terms of the number of possible outputs of the two players.
BK-type inequalities and generalized random-cluster representations
Berg, J van den
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Recently, van den Berg and Jonasson gave the first substantial extension of the BK inequality for non-product measures: they proved that, for k-out-of-n measures, the probability that two increasing events occur disjointly is at most the product of the two individual probabilities. We show several other extensions and modifications of the BK inequality.In particular, we prove that the antiferromagnetic Ising Curie-Weiss model satisfies the BK inequality for all increasing events. We prove that this also holds for the Curie-Weiss model with three-body interactions under the so-called Negative Lattice Condition. For the ferromagnetic Ising model we show that the probability that two events occur `cluster-disjointly' is at most the product of the two individual probabilities, and we give a more abstract form of this result for arbitrary Gibbs measures. The above cases are derived from a general abstract theorem whose proof is based on an extension of the Fortuin-Kasteleyn random-cluster representation for all pr...
The Political-Economic and Demographic Causes of Metropolitan Income Inequality and Its Components
Chen, XI
2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
by standardizing pay among them within industrial units, e.g. plant, factory, or firm, but also equalize pay across units and reduce inequality by narrowing the earning gap between blue collar workers and highly paid professionals and executives. Furthermore... in various industrial and occupational categories. The most widely discussed demand-side factors 22 in studies on income inequality include industrial and occupational structure, size of the public sector, racial inequality caused by discrimination...
raSAT: SMT for Polynomial Inequality To Van Khanh and Mizuhito Ogawa
Ogawa, Mizuhito
that satisfies given polyno- mial inequality/equality. For instance, xy.-y2 +(x2 -1)y-1 > 0-x2 -y2 +4 > 0
The effect of direct foreign investment and gross domestic investment on Indian development
Parikh, Sushrut Jitendra
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
development. On the one hand, multinationals are viewed as agents of change. They provide valuable technology and resources unavailable in the developing country. They invest human and capital resources (DFI) that help local economies develop. On the other... hand, several theorists wrongly attribute the role of multinationals as increasing inequalities by retarding NIC development. These theorists contend that multinationals use their resources as a means to enhance the well-being of industrialized...
One-loop Beta Functions for the Orientable Non-commutative Gross-Neveu Model
Ahmed Lakhoua; Fabien Vignes-Tourneret; Jean-Christophe Wallet
2007-01-18T23:59:59.000Z
We compute at the one-loop order the beta-functions for a renormalisable non-commutative analog of the Gross Neveu model defined on the Moyal plane. The calculation is performed within the so called x-space formalism. We find that this non-commutative field theory exhibits asymptotic freedom for any number of colors. The beta-function for the non-commutative counterpart of the Thirring model is found to be non vanishing.
,"Federal Offshore--Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments;NetPrice (Dollars per Thousand CubicMarketedCrudeGross
Yaeger, J.S.; Smith, L.L.
1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
As a result of the U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE) environmental restoration and waste management activities, laboratories receive numerous analytical requests for gross {alpha}/{beta} analyses. Traditional sample preparation methods for gross {alpha}/{beta} analysis of environmental and mixed waste samples require repetitive leaching, which is time consuming and generates large volumes of secondary wastes. An alternative to leaching is microwave digestion. In the past. microwave technology has had limited application in the radiochemical laboratory because of restrictions on sample size resulting from vessel pressure limitations. However, new microwave vessel designs allow for pressures on the order of 11 MPa (1500 psi). A procedure is described in which microwave digestion is used to prepare environmental soil samples for gross {alpha}/{beta} analysis. Results indicate that the described procedure meets performance requirements for several soil types and is equivalent to traditional digestion techniques. No statistical differences at the 95% confidence interval exist between the measurement on samples prepared from the hot plate and microwave digestion procedures for those soils tested. Moreover, microwave digestion allows samples to be prepared in a fraction of the time with significantly less acid and with lower potential of cross-contamination. In comparison to the traditional hot plate method, the waste volumes required for the microwave procedure are a factor of 10 lower, while the analyst time for sample processing is at least a factor of three lower.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Ford-Pfenning Quantum Inequalities(QI) in the Natario Warp Drive Spacetime using the Planck Length for the warp drive are the so-called Quantum Inequalities(QI) that restricts the time we can observe
FLORIDA ATLANTIC UNIVERSITY REQUEST FOR HARDSHIP DEFERMENT
Fernandez, Eduardo
poverty line for a family of two as defined by the 2004 Federal Poverty Guidelines which is $12 Equals $ ______________________ (Funds available) ASSETS: Savings account balance (Bank Name
Quantum communication complexity advantage implies violation of a Bell inequality
Harry Buhrman; Lukasz Czekaj; Andrzej Grudka; Michal Horodecki; Pawel Horodecki; Marcin Markiewicz; Florian Speelman; Sergii Strelchuk
2015-02-03T23:59:59.000Z
We obtain a general connection between a quantum advantage in communication complexity and non-locality. We show that given any protocol offering a (sufficiently large) quantum advantage in communication complexity, there exists a way of obtaining measurement statistics which violate some Bell inequality. Our main tool is port-based teleportation. If the gap between quantum and classical communication complexity can grow arbitrarily large, the ratio of the quantum value to the classical value of the Bell quantity becomes unbounded with the increase in the number of inputs and outputs.
Economic Reforms and Gender-based Wage Inequality in the Presence of Factor Market Distortions
Bandyopadhyay, Antar
1 Economic Reforms and Gender-based Wage Inequality in the Presence of Factor Market Distortions-based wage inequality. The analysis finds that credit market reform and tariff reform produce favourable reforms, general equilibrium. JEL classifications: D50, J16, F21. The authors are thankful to Prof
WORKING PAPER N 2007 -12 Education inequalities and the Kuznets curves
Boyer, Edmond
WORKING PAPER N° 2007 - 12 Education inequalities and the Kuznets curves: a global perspective, human capital, economic history, Kuznets curve. PARIS-JOURDAN SCIENCES ECONOMIQUES LABORATOIRE D2011 #12;Education Inequalities and the Kuznets Curves: A Global Perspective Since 1870 Christian
RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. Are there environmental inequities in the distribution of large
Hall, Sharon J.
facilities and their hazardous emissions in the Phoenix metropolitan area? 2. Do patterns of inequities inequities in Phoenix change as locations and amounts of industrial emissions shift in the decade between 1990 and 2000? METHODOLOGY We begin our analysis by calculating a Hazards Density Index (HDI) for each
Wisconsin at Madison, University of
Reforms CHRISTINA EWIG and GASTO´ N A. PALMUCCI * University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA Summary implementation. We examine the 2004 Chilean health reforms that sought to regulate private insurers, and measure their effects on gender and age inequality. We find that reforms intended to decrease these inequalities largely
A Generalization of the Entropy Power Inequality with Applications \\Lambda Ram Zamir and Meir Feder
Zamir, Ram
Gaussian vector with independent components becomes ``closer'' to Gaussianity after a linear transformation, where Power Inequality Consider the (joint) differentialentropy h(Ax), of a linear transformation y = AxA Generalization of the Entropy Power Inequality with Applications \\Lambda Ram Zamir and Meir Feder
A Non-linear Dynamical Systems' Proof of Kraft-McMillan Inequality and its Converse
Nithin Nagaraj
2007-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
In this short paper, we shall provide a dynamical systems' proof of the famous Kraft-McMillan inequality and its converse. Kraft-McMillan inequality is a basic result in information theory which gives a necessary and sufficient condition for the lengths of the codewords of a code to be uniquely decodable.
"To Have and Have Not" Migration, Remittances, Poverty and Inequality in Algeria
Boyer, Edmond
1 "To Have and Have Not" Migration, Remittances, Poverty and Inequality in Algeria David Margolis in Idjeur being twice as large as Nedroma. At the same time, they help reduce poverty by nearly 13 that the latter do not send money home. Keywords: Remittances, Migration, Poverty, Inequality, Algeria
Sanjeevi, Sujeevraja
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
13. [78] If conditions (2.5) hold, the inequality (n) nX j=1 nY l=j+1 (l 1) l yj + v (n) nY l=1 (l 1) l : (2.6) is facet-de ning for conv(Q1;n). The inequality (2.6) is referred to as the n-step MIR facet for Q1;n...
Ka?amajska, Agnieszka
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We derive inequality [\\int_{\\r} |f^{'}(x)|^ph(f(x))dx \\le (\\sqrt{p-1})^p\\int_{\\r}(\\sqrt{|f^{"}(x){\\cal T}_h(f(x))|})^ph(f(x))dx,] where $f$ belongs locally to Sobolev space $W^{2,1}$ and $f^{'}$ has bounded support. Here $h(...)$ is a given function and ${\\cal T}_h(...)$ is its given transform, it is independent of $p$. In case when $h\\equiv 1$ we retrieve the well known inequality: (\\int_{\\r} |f^{'}(x)|^pdx \\le (\\sqrt{p-1})^p \\int_{\\r}(\\sqrt{|f^{"}(x)f(x)|})^pdx.) Our inequalities have form similar to the classical second order Oppial inequalites. They also extend certain class of inequalities due to Mazya, used to obtain second order isoperimetric inequalities and capacitary estimates. We apply them to obtain new apriori estimates for nonlinear eigenvalue problems.
A new class of non-Shannon-type inequalities for entropies
Konstantin Makarychev; Yury Makarychev; Andrei Romashchenko; Nikolai Vereshchagin
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Abstract. In this paper we prove a countable set of non-Shannon-type linear information inequalities for entropies of discrete random variables, i.e., information inequalities which cannot be reduced to the “basic ” inequality I(X: Y |Z) ? 0. Our results generalize the inequalities of Z. Zhang and R. Yeung (1998) who found the first examples of non-Shannon-type information inequalities. 1. Introduction. A central notion of information theory is Shannon’s entropy 1. Given a set of jointly distributed random variables x1,..., xn, we can consider entropies of all random variables H(xi), entropies of all pairs H(xi, xj), etc. (2 n ? 1 entropy values for all nonempty subsets of {x1,..., xn}). For every n-tuple of random variables we get a point in R 2n ?1, representing entropies of the given distribution.
A macro-realism inequality for opto-electro-mechanical systems
Neill Lambert; Robert Johansson; Franco Nori
2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
We show how to apply the Leggett-Garg inequality to opto-electro-mechanical systems near their quantum ground state. We find that by using a dichotomic quantum non-demolition measurement (via, e.g., an additional circuit-QED measurement device) either on the cavity or on the nanomechanical system itself, the Leggett-Garg inequality is violated. We argue that only measurements on the mechanical system itself give a truly unambigous violation of the Leggett-Garg inequality for the mechanical system. In this case, a violation of the Leggett-Garg inequality indicates physics beyond that of "macroscopic realism" is occurring in the mechanical system. Finally, we discuss the difficulties in using unbound non-dichotomic observables with the Leggett-Garg inequality.
Test of the Schrödinger functional with chiral fermions in the Gross-Neveu model
Bjorn Leder
2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The recently proposed construction of chiral fermions on lattices with boundaries is tested in an interacting theory up to first order of perturbation theory. We confirm that, in the bulk of the lattice, the chiral Ward identities take their continuum value up to cutoff effects without any tuning. Universal quantities are defined that have an expansion in the renormalised couplings with coefficients that are functions of the physical size and the periodicity in the spatial direction. These coefficient functions have to be identical for different discretisations. We find agreement with the standard Wilson fermions. The computation is done in the asymptotically free Gross-Neveu model with continuous chiral symmetry.
Competing mechanisms of chiral symmetry breaking in a generalized Gross-Neveu model
Boehmer, Christian; Thies, Michael [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik III, Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany)
2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Chiral symmetry of the 2-dimensional chiral Gross-Neveu model is broken explicitly by a bare mass term as well as a splitting of scalar and pseudoscalar coupling constants. The vacuum and light hadrons--mesons and baryons which become massless in the chiral limit--are explored analytically in leading order of the derivative expansion by means of a double sine-Gordon equation. Depending on the parameters, this model features new phenomena as compared to previously investigated 4-fermion models: spontaneous breaking of parity, a nontrivial chiral vacuum angle, twisted kinklike baryons whose baryon number reflects the vacuum angle, crystals with alternating baryons, and appearance of a false vacuum.
,"Texas--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePrice SoldPlantGross Withdrawals (MMcf)"
Alabama--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptemberProcessed in Alabama (MillionGross
Alaska--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3ReservesYearGross
Property:CoolingTowerWaterUseWinterGross | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType Jump to:CoolingTowerWaterUseWinterGross Jump to: navigation,
Texas--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality", 2013,Iowa"Dakota"YearProductionShale ProvedA ShaleShaleGross
U.S. Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals Offshore (Million Cubic Feet)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality",Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New EnglandReservesCubicDecade Year-0 Year-1Gross
US--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality",Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New120,814 136,9322009Feet)Gross Withdrawals
,"Alabama--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments; Unit:1996..........RegionTotalPriceShare of Total U.S.Gross
,"Alaska--State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments;Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheetGas,Gross
,"Federal Offshore--Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments;NetPrice (Dollars per Thousand CubicMarketed ProductionGross
,"Federal Offshore--Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (MMcf)"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments;NetPrice (Dollars per ThousandLiquids LeaseNatural Gas Gross
Local Thermal Equilibrium States and Quantum Energy Inequalities
Jan Schlemmer; Rainer Verch
2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we investigate the energy distribution of states of a linear scalar quantum field with arbitrary curvature coupling on a curved spacetime which fulfill some local thermality condition. We find that this condition implies a quantum energy inequality for these states, where the (lower) energy bounds depend only on the local temperature distribution and are local and covariant (the dependence of the bounds other than on temperature is on parameters defining the quantum field model, and on local quantities constructed from the spacetime metric). Moreover, we also establish the averaged null energy condition (ANEC) for such locally thermal states, under growth conditions on their local temperature and under conditions on the free parameters entering the definition of the renormalized stress-energy tensor. These results hold for a range of curvature couplings including the cases of conformally coupled and minimally coupled scalar field.
Case studies for the multilinear Kakeya theorem andWolff-type inequalities
Kinnear, George
2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis is concerned with two different problems in harmonic analysis: the multilinear Kakeya theorem, and Wolff-type inequalities for paraboloids. Chapter 1 gives an overview of both of these problems. In Chapter ...
Distribution and Process of Environmental Inequity in the Brazos Valley, Texas
Hanchett, Chelsea
2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z
Lower income and minority communities have long borne an unequal burden of toxic pollution from environmental hazards. I examined environmental inequity, the unequal distribution of environmental hazards in minority and ...
Slaying the Inequality Villain in School Finance: Is the Right to Education the Silver Bullet?
Darby, Derrick; Levy, Richard E.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This article, part of a symposium on Educational Reform in the 21st Century, considers the relationship between the recognition of a right to education and the amelioration of educational inequalities. As currently understood and implemented...
Second Law-Like Inequalities with Quantum Relative Entropy: An Introduction
Sagawa, Takahiro
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We review the basic properties of the quantum relative entropy for finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces. In particular, we focus on several inequalities that are related to the second law of thermodynamics, where the positivity and the monotonicity of the quantum relative entropy play key roles; these properties are directly applicable to derivations of the second law (e.g., the Clausius inequality). Moreover, the positivity is closely related to the quantum fluctuation theorem, while the monotonicity leads to a quantum version of the Hatano-Sasa inequality for nonequilibrium steady states. Based on the monotonicity, we also discuss the data processing inequality for the quantum mutual information, which has a similar mathematical structure to that of the second law. Moreover, we derive a generalized second law with quantum feedback control. In addition, we review a proof of the monotonicity in line with Petz.
Testing tripartite Mermin inequalities by spectral joint-measurements of qubits
Huang, J S; Wei, L F
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
It is well known that Bell inequality supporting the local realism can be violated in quantum mechanics. Numerous tests of such a violation have been demonstrated with bipartite entanglements. Using spectral jointmeasurements of the qubits, we here propose a scheme to test the tripartite Mermin inequality (a three-qubit Bell-type inequality) with three qubits dispersively-coupled to a driven cavity. First, we show how to generate a three-qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) state by only one-step quantum operation. Then, spectral joint-measurements are introduced to directly confirm such a tripartite entanglement. Assisted by a series of single-qubit operations, these measurements are further utilized to test the Mermin inequality. The feasibility of the proposal is robustly demonstrated by the present numerical experiments.
Galtchouk, Leonid
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An adaptive nonparametric estimation procedure is constructed for the estimation problem of heteroscedastic regression when the noise variance depends on the unknown regression. A non-asymptotic upper bound for a quadratic risk (an oracle inequality) is constructed.
Sharp non-asymptotic oracle inequalities for nonparametric heteroscedastic regression models
Galtchouk, Leonid
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An adaptive nonparametric estimation procedure is constructed for heteroscedastic regression when the noise variance depends on the unknown regression. A non-asymptotic upper bound for a quadratic risk (oracle inequality) is obtained
The Decline in Inequality In Brazil, 2003-2009: The Role Of The State
Souza, Pedro H.G.F.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
=1817238. Vaz, D. V, and R. Hoffmann. 2007. “Remuneração NosTornarolli 2011; Rodolfo Hoffmann 1973; Soares 2006a). Part605. doi:10.2307/2657258. Hoffmann, R. 2003. “Inequality in
Cryptographic security of the quantum key distribution from the triangle inequality
Pawel Kurzynski; Marcin Markiewicz; Dagomir Kaszlikowski
2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the Csiszar-Korner sufficient condition for secure cryptographic key generation with the help of quantum theory can be easily derived using the triangle inequality for an information-theoretic distance.
Mathematical Inequalities: A Perspective. By P. Cerone and S. S. Dragomir. CRC Press, Boca
Muldoon, Martin E.
Mathematical Inequalities: A Perspective. By P. Cerone and S. S. Dragomir. CRC Press, Boca Raton such conference was held in Noszvaj, Hungary in 2007 [3]. See also the proceedings of the 1987 Birmingham
An extension of Markov's Inequality Let E be a connected compact ...
An extension of Markov's Inequality. Let E be a connected compact set of logarithmic capacity 1 in the complex. plane. Is it true that for every polynomial P of ...
Postdoctoral positions opening The Center for the Study of Social Stratification and Inequality
Keinan, Alon
from various viewpoints. In addition, the CSSI conducts comparative studies of absolute poverty with the Stanford Center for the Study of Poverty and Inequality. Applicants should hold doctoral degrees or show
On the infimum convolution inequality *yz R. Lata_laxand J. O. Wojtaszczyk{
Latala, Rafal
inequalites. Such an inequality was first introduced by B. Maurey to give the optimal concen. We show how such an optimal result can be obtained from con- centration inequalites, and follow
On the infimum convolution inequality #+# R. Latala and J. O. Wojtaszczyk
Latala, Rafal
we study the infimum convolution inequalites. Such an inequality was first introduced by B. Maurey can be obtained from conÂ centration inequalites, and follow on to prove IC for the uniform measure
The processes of industrial gold mining and inequality: a Ghanaian case study
Gawor, Natalie
2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z
The research examined how inequality manifests itself through the processes of industrial gold mining using a case study of Newmont Mining Corporations’ Ahafo Gold Mine in Ghana. The pursuit of neoliberal development and ...
Lyapunov functions for evolution variational inequalities with locally prox-regular sets
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Lyapunov functions for evolution variational inequalities with locally prox-regular sets Abderrahim criterion for Lyapunov pairs of this dynamical system and some results on the asymptotic behaviour - Uniformly prox-regular set - Hypomonotonicity - Lyapunov pair - Asymptotic behaviour. Mathematics Subject
A. L. Kataev
2005-05-27T23:59:59.000Z
It is demonstrated that the infrared renormalon calculus indicates that the QCD theoretical expressions for the Gross-Llewelln Smith sum rules and for the Bjorken polarized and unpolarized ones contain an identical negative twist-4 1/Q^2 correction. This observation is supported by the consideration of the results of calculations of the corresponding twist-4 matrix elements. Together with the indication of the similarity of perturbative QCD corrections to these three sum rules, this observation leads to simple new theoretical relations between the Gross-Llewellyn Smith and Bjorken polarized and unpolarized sum rules in the energy region $Q^2\\geq 1 GeV^2$. The validity of this relation is checked using concrete experimental data for the Gross-Llewellyn Smith and Bjorken polarized sum rules
Lloyd, Cynthia
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
population Year of most PPP Gross recent DHS/ aged 10-24primary completion rates by PPP GNI per capita. While thereranging from $1000 to $2000 PPP GNI per capita, the
Global economic changes and income inequality: a test of four competing models
Morris, Theresa Marie
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
GLOBAL ECONOMIC CHANGES AND INCOME INEQUALITY: A TEST OF FOUR COMPETING MODELS A Thesis by THERESA MARK MORRIS Submitted to the OIEce of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1996 Major Subject: Sociology GLOBAL ECONOMIC CHANGES AND INCOME INEQUALITY: A TEST OF FOUR COMPETING MODELS A Thesis by THERESA MARIE MORRIS Submitted to Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...
Energy inequalities for a model of wave propagation in cold plasma
Thomas H. Otway
2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z
Energy inequalities are derived for an elliptic-hyperbolic operator arising in plasma physics. These inequalities imply the existence of distribution and weak solutions to various closed boundary-value problems. An existence theorem is proven for a related class of Keldysh equations, and the failure of expected methods for obtaining uniqueness is discussed. The proofs use ideas recently introduced by Lupo, Morawetz, and Payne for a generalized Tricomi operator. The existence of strong solutions under open boundary conditions is also proven.
The Gross-Pitaevskii equations and beyond for inhomogeneous condensed bosons
G. G. N. Angilella; S. Bartalini; F. S. Cataliotti; I. Herrera; N. H. March; R. Pucci
2006-05-22T23:59:59.000Z
A simple derivation of the static Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation is given from an energy variational principle. The result is then generalized heuristically to the time-dependent GP form. With this as background, a number of different experimental areas explored very recently are reviewed, in each case contact being established between the measurements and the predictions of the GP equations. The various limitations of these equations as used on dilute inhomogeneous condensed Boson atomic gases are then summarized, reference also being made to the fact that there is no many-body wave function underlying the GP formulation. This then leads into a discussion of a recently proposed integral equation, derived by taking the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equation as starting point. Some limitations of the static GP differential equation are thereby removed, though it is a matter of further study to determine whether a correlated wave function exists as underpinning for the integral equation formulation.
A modified lattice Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook model for convection heat transfer in porous media
Wang, Liang; Guo, Zhaoli
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The lattice Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook (LBGK) model has become the most popular one in the lattice Boltzmann method for simulating the convection heat transfer in porous media. However, the LBGK model generally suffers from numerical instability at low fluid viscosities and effective thermal diffusivities. In this paper, a modified LBGK model is developed for incompressible thermal flows in porous media at the representative elementary volume scale, in which the shear rate and temperature gradient are incorporated into the equilibrium distribution functions. With two additional parameters, the relaxation times in the collision process can be fixed at a proper value invariable to the viscosity and the effective thermal diffusivity. In addition, by constructing a modified equilibrium distribution function and a source term in the evolution equation of temperature field, the present model can recover the macroscopic equations correctly through the Chapman-Enskog analysis, which is another key point different from pre...
Wave chaos in the nonequilibrium dynamics of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation
Brezinova, Iva; Ludwig, Katharina; Burgdoerfer, Joachim [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Vienna University of Technology, Wiedner Hauptstrasse 8-10/136, A-1040 Vienna (Austria); Collins, Lee A. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Schneider, Barry I. [Physics Division, National Science Foundation, Arlington, Virginia 22230 (United States); Electron and Atomic Physics Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States)
2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Gross-Pitaevskii equation (GPE) plays an important role in the description of Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) at the mean-field level. The GPE belongs to the class of nonlinear Schroedinger equations which are known to feature dynamical instability and collapse for attractive nonlinear interactions. We show that the GPE with repulsive nonlinear interactions typical for BECs features chaotic wave dynamics. We find positive Lyapunov exponents for BECs expanding in periodic and aperiodic smooth external potentials, as well as disorder potentials. Our analysis demonstrates that wave chaos characterized by the exponential divergence of nearby initial wave functions is to be distinguished from the notion of nonintegrability of nonlinear wave equations. We discuss the implications of these observations for the limits of applicability of the GPE, the problem of Anderson localization, and the properties of the underlying many-body dynamics.
Global Inequality in Energy Consumption from 1980 to 2010
Lawrence, Scott; Yakovenko, Victor M
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the global probability distribution of energy consumption per capita around the world using data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) for 1980-2010. We find that the Lorenz curves have moved up during this time period, and the Gini coefficient G has decreased from 0.66 in 1980 to 0.55 in 2010, indicating a decrease in inequality. The global probability distribution of energy consumption per capita in 2010 is close to the exponential distribution with G=0.5. We attribute this result to the globalization of the world economy, which mixes the world and brings it closer to the state of maximal entropy. We argue that global energy production is a limited resource that is partitioned among the world population. The most probable partition is the one that maximizes entropy, thus resulting in the exponential distribution function. A consequence of the latter is the law of 1/3: the top 1/3 of the world population consumes 2/3 of produced energy. We also find similar results for the global pro...
Summary Gross canopy photosynthesis (Pg) can be simu- lated with canopy models or retrieved from applications and model development. Keywords: canopy photosynthesis model, carbon dioxide flux- es, eddy in de- termining the balance between photosynthesis and respiration can lead to unexpected behavior
Grosse-Kunstleve, Ralf
Experience converting a large Fortran-77 program to C++ Ralf W. Grosse-Kunstleve, Thomas C. Terwilliger, Paul D. Adams Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, BLDG 64R0121, Berkeley-fitting, and prime-and-switch minimum bias phasing (Terwilliger 2000, Terwilliger 2003). In recent years it has been
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Econometric and Neural Network Analysis of the Labor Productivity and Average Gross Earnings and models that were used consist of several lag econometric models, ARIMA processes, as well as feed forward AGEI and LPI. Key-Words: - labor productivity, econometric model, ARIMA, VAR, neural network, forecast
Gross, George
Unified Architecture for Large-Scale Attested Metering Michael LeMay, George Gross, Carl A. Gunter introduce a secure architecture called an attested me- ter for advanced metering that supports large, if they are not based upon a secure system architecture, they could in fact become one of the grid's most significant
Zaidman, Andy
-Gerhard Gross and Andy Zaidman Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands Email: {cuiting assurance approaches useless. In order to enable service systems to recover from and adapt to runtime of the traditional (offline) quality assurance methods useless [3]. In particular, many failures only emerge during
Silver, Whendee
days when the ground was obscured by cloud cover. Since vegetation carbon exchange can be very dynamic there was a relationship between photosynthetic rates and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) for half hour data effect on daily gross CO2 exchange than would have been expected. Conversely, the saturation
Sakamoto, Arthur; Kim, ChangHwan
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Is the trend towards rising earnings inequality associated with increased exploitation? The authors investigate exploitation among workers using data for manufacturing industries. Defined as the underpayment of earnings ...
inequality path inequality path
Skogestad, Sigurd
F #12; Â¡ Â¡ Â¨ Â£ Â¢ Â¥Â¢ Â¡ Â¡Â¢ Â¡ Â£ Â£ Â¤ Â¢ Â© Â¤ Â¥ Â¦Â¨Â§ Â¢ Â¤ Â© Â£ Â¢ Â¡ Â¤ Â¡ Â¤ Â¢ Â© Â¢ Â¤ Â¤ Â£ Â¤ Â¢ Â¡ Â¦ S-PVC; Â¡Â¢ Â¦ Â£Â¤ Â¦ Â¤ Â¤ Â¡ Â¢ Â¤ Â¢ Â© Â¡ Â¢ Â¦ Â¡ Â¢ Â¥ Â© Â§ Â¢ Â£Â¤ Â© Â¡ Â¡Â¢ Â¡ Â£ Â§Â¨ Â¨ $ S-PVC suspension F TC Theat 90C 50C o o (ii) (i) Fsteam cw Â§Â¨ Â¨ $ $ S-PVC suspension TC T 50C o susp F Fcw steam Â§Â¨ Â¨ $ $ $ S-PVC suspension TC T 50C o susp z=0 Fsteam Fcw #12
Dvoretzky--Kiefer--Wolfowitz Inequalities for the Two-sample Case
Wei, Fan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Dvoretzky--Kiefer--Wolfowitz (DKW) inequality says that if $F_n$ is an empirical distribution function for variables i.i.d.\\ with a distribution function $F$, and $K_n$ is the Kolmogorov statistic $\\sqrt{n}\\sup_x|(F_n-F)(x)|$, then there is a finite constant $C$ such that for any $M>0$, $\\Pr(K_n>M) \\leq C\\exp(-2M^2).$ Massart proved that one can take C=2 (DKWM inequality) which is sharp for $F$ continuous. We consider the analogous Kolmogorov--Smirnov statistic $KS_{m,n}$ for the two-sample case and show that for $m=n$, the DKW inequality holds with C=2 if and only if $n\\geq 458$. For $n_0\\leq n2$ depending on $n_0$. For $m\
The Golden-Thompson inequality: Historical aspects and random matrix applications
Forrester, Peter J., E-mail: p.forrester@ms.unimelb.edu.au; Thompson, Colin J. [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)] [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)
2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Golden-Thompson inequality, Tr?(e{sup A+B}) ? Tr?(e{sup A}e{sup B}) for A, B Hermitian matrices, appeared in independent works by Golden and Thompson published in 1965. Both of these were motivated by considerations in statistical mechanics. In recent years the Golden-Thompson inequality has found applications to random matrix theory. In this article, we detail some historical aspects relating to Thompson's work, giving in particular a hitherto unpublished proof due to Dyson, and correspondence with Pólya. We show too how the 2 × 2 case relates to hyperbolic geometry, and how the original inequality holds true with the trace operation replaced by any unitarily invariant norm. In relation to the random matrix applications, we review its use in the derivation of concentration type lemmas for sums of random matrices due to Ahlswede-Winter, and Oliveira, generalizing various classical results.
The Golden-Thompson inequality --- historical aspects and random matrix applications
Peter J. Forrester; Colin J. Thompson
2014-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
The Golden-Thompson inequality, ${\\rm Tr} \\, (e^{A + B}) \\le {\\rm Tr} \\, (e^A e^B)$ for $A,B$ Hermitian matrices, appeared in independent works by Golden and Thompson published in 1965. Both of these were motivated by considerations in statistical mechanics. In recent years the Golden-Thompson inequality has found applications to random matrix theory. In this survey article we detail some historical aspects relating to Thompson's work, giving in particular an hitherto unpublished proof due to Dyson, and correspondence with P\\'olya. We show too how the $2 \\times 2$ case relates to hyperbolic geometry, and how the original inequality holds true with the trace operation replaced by any unitarily invariant norm. In relation to the random matrix applications, we review its use in the derivation of concentration type lemmas for sums of random matrices due to Ahlswede-Winter, and Oliveira, generalizing various classical results.
Sudden violation of the CHSH inequality in a two qubits system
Mazzola, Laura
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
I study the dynamics of the violation of the CHSH inequality for two qubits interacting with a common zero-temperature non-Markovian environment. I demonstrate sudden violation of the inequality for two qubits initially prepared in a factorized state. Due to the strong coupling between the qubits and the reservoir, the dynamics is characterized by numerous sharp revivals. Furthermore I focus on a more realistic physical system in which the spontaneous emission for the qubits is taken into account. When including spontaneous emission even for small decay parameters, revivals in the violation are heavily damped out. If the decay rates exceed a certain threshold, the inequality turns out to be always satisfied.
Sudden violation of the CHSH inequality in a two qubits system
Laura Mazzola
2010-02-04T23:59:59.000Z
I study the dynamics of the violation of the CHSH inequality for two qubits interacting with a common zero-temperature non-Markovian environment. I demonstrate sudden violation of the inequality for two qubits initially prepared in a factorized state. Due to the strong coupling between the qubits and the reservoir, the dynamics is characterized by numerous sharp revivals. Furthermore I focus on a more realistic physical system in which the spontaneous emission for the qubits is taken into account. When including spontaneous emission even for small decay parameters, revivals in the violation are heavily damped out. If the decay rates exceed a certain threshold, the inequality turns out to be always satisfied.
A generalization of the Entropy Power Inequality to Bosonic Quantum Systems
Giacomo De Palma; Andrea Mari; Vittorio Giovannetti
2015-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
In most communication schemes information is transmitted via travelling modes of electromagnetic radiation. These modes are unavoidably subject to environmental noise along any physical transmission medium and the quality of the communication channel strongly depends on the minimum noise achievable at the output. For classical signals such noise can be rigorously quantified in terms of the associated Shannon entropy and it is subject to a fundamental lower bound called entropy power inequality. Electromagnetic fields are however quantum mechanical systems and then, especially in low intensity signals, the quantum nature of the information carrier cannot be neglected and many important results derived within classical information theory require non-trivial extensions to the quantum regime. Here we prove one possible generalization of the Entropy Power Inequality to quantum bosonic systems. The impact of this inequality in quantum information theory is potentially large and some relevant implications are considered in this work.
Weak decay processes in pre-supernova core evolution within the gross theory
Ferreira, R. C. [Departamento de Estudos Básicos e Instrumentais, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, BA (Brazil); Dimarco, A. J.; Samana, A. R. [Departamento de Ciências Exatas e Tecnológicas, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, BA (Brazil); Barbero, C. A., E-mail: roberto@uesb.edu.br [Departamento de Física, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67, 1900 La Plata (Argentina)
2014-03-20T23:59:59.000Z
The beta decay and electron capture rates are of fundamental importance in the evolution of massive stars in a pre-supernova core. The beta decay process gives its contribution by emitting electrons in the plasma of the stellar core, thereby increasing pressure, which in turn increases the temperature. From the other side, the electron capture removes free electrons from the plasma of the star core contributing to the reduction of pressure and temperature. In this work we calculate the beta decay and electron capture rates in stellar conditions for 63 nuclei of relevance in the pre-supernova stage, employing Gross Theory as the nuclear model. We use the abundances calculated with the Saha equations in the hypothesis of nuclear statistical equilibrium to evaluate the time derivative of the fraction of electrons. Our results are compared with other evaluations available in the literature. They have shown to be one order less or equal than the calculated within other models. Our results indicate that these differences may influence the evolution of the star in the later stages of pre-supernova.
Margin on Gross Tumor Volume and Risk of Local Recurrence in Head-and-Neck Cancer
Caudell, Jimmy J.; Meredith, Ruby F.; Spencer, Sharon A.; Keene, Kimberley S.; Dobelbower, M. Christian [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Alabama-Birmingham, Birmingham, AL (United States); Bonner, James A., E-mail: jabonner@uabmc.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Alabama-Birmingham, Birmingham, AL (United States)
2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: To determine whether the method or extent of construction of the high-dose clinical target volume (CTV) and high-dose planning target volume (PTV) in intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for head-and-neck cancer are associated with an increased risk of locoregional failure. Materials and Methods: Patients with nasopharyngeal, oropharyngeal, oral cavity, hypopharyngeal, or laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas treated definitively with IMRT were included. All patients without local relapse had a minimum follow-up of 12 months. Median follow-up for all patients was 24 months. Treatment plans of 85 available patients were reviewed, and the gross tumor volume (GTV) to PTV expansion method was estimated. Results: The GTVs were expanded volumetrically in 71 of 85 patients, by a median of 15 mm (range, 4-25 mm). An anatomic component to the expansion of GTV was used in 14 of 85 patients. Eighteen patients failed locoregionally, for an actuarial locoregional control rate of 77.2% at 2 years. There was no significant difference in locoregional control between patients with GTVs expanded volumetrically vs. those with a component of anatomic expansion. In patients with GTVs expanded volumetrically, no increase in risk of local failure was seen in patients with a total GTV expansion of <=15 mm. Conclusion: In this retrospective study, there was not an increased risk of local failure using smaller margins or expanding GTVs volumetrically when treating head-and-neck cancer patients definitively with IMRT.
Bourke, Mary C.
inequalityT (in contrast to the more blatant, traditional forms) as the denial of continued discrimination
Research Summary A review of urban health, health inequalities and the role of urban forestry of Melbourne, Australia, to carry out a literature review of the role of urban forestry and its potential and health inequalities and identified the links between urban forestry and health in urban populations
Shigekawa, Ichiro
The Meyer inequality for the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator in L1 and probabilistic) ABSTRACT We discuss the Meyer inequality for the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator in L1. The Doob type introduce several kinds of norms in the Sobolev space. The equivale* *nce of norms is important and Meyer
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Long Term Dynamics of Inequalities between French Households concerning Automobile COLLET, Roger TERM DYNAMICS OF INEQUALITIES BETWEEN FRENCH HOUSEHOLDS CONCERNING AUTOMOBILE Roger Collet, INRETS of automobile. As the curves representing car ownership (number of cars per adult) and car use (annual mileage
Treur, Jan
A Dynamical System Modelling Approach to Gross' Model of Emotion Regulation Tibor Bosse (tbosse introduces a computational model for emotion regulation formalising the model informally described by Gross a computational model to simulate emotion regulation, based on the process model described informally by Gross
Svetlichny's inequality and genuine tripartite nonlocality in three-qubit pure states
Rungta, Pranaw
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The violation of the Svetlichny's inequality [Phys. Rev. D 35, 3066 (1987)] is sufficient but not necessary for genuine tripartite nonlocal correlations. Here we quantify the relationship between tripartite entanglement and the maximum expectation value of the Svetlichny operator (which is bounded from above by the inequality) for the two inequivalent classes of pure three-qubit states: the GHZ-class and the W-class. The maximum for the GHZ-class states is related to the amount of the three-tangle of these states; whereas for the W-class states the maximum is a function of the concurrences of the three reduced states.
Averaged Energy Inequalities for Non-Minimally Coupled Classical Scalar Fields
Lutz W. Osterbrink
2006-12-11T23:59:59.000Z
The stress-energy tensor for the non-minimally coupled scalar field is known not to satisfy the pointwise energy conditions, even on the classical level. We show, however, that local averages of the classical stress-energy tensor satisfy certain inequalities and give bounds for averages along causal geodesics. It is shown that in vacuum background spacetimes, ANEC and AWEC are satisfied. Furthermore we use our result to show that in the classical situation we have an analogue to the so called quantum interest conjecture. These results lay the foundations for averaged energy inequalities for the quantised non-minimally coupled fields.
Probing the Leggett-Garg Inequality for Oscillating Neutral Kaons and Neutrinos
D. Gangopadhyay; D. Home; A. Sinha Roy
2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
The Leggett-Garg inequality (LGI) as a temporal analogue of Bell's inequality, derived using the notion of realism, is applied in a hitherto unexplored context involving the weak interaction induced two-state oscillations of decaying neutral kaons and neutrinos. The maximum violation of LGI obtained from the quantum mechanical results is significantly higher for the oscillating neutrinos compared to that for the kaons. Interestingly, the effect of CP non-invariance for the kaon oscillation is to enhance this violation while, for neutrinos, it is sensitive to the value of the mixing parameter.
Banaji,. Murad
WP05 Labour's record on cash transfers, poverty, inequality and the lifecycle 1997-2010 Labour of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis will include and on poverty and inequality particularly. This provides a baseline for analysing and understanding the changes
Hiroaki Kohyama
2008-04-30T23:59:59.000Z
We construct the phase diagram of the chiral and diquark condensates at finite temperature and density in the 1+1 dimensional (2D) two flavor massless Gross Neveu model. The resultant phase diagram shows (I) the chiral condensed phase at low temperature and density, (II) the diquark condensed phase at low temperature and high density, and (III) the chiral and diquark coexisting phase at low temperature and intermediate density. This phase structure is also seen in the 3D Gross Neveu model and the 4D Nambu Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model. Thus the phase diagrams of the chiral and diquark condensates in the NJL-type models do not change qualitatively in 2D, 3D and 4D.
Ito-Wiener chaos expansion with exact residual and correlation, variance inequalities
Hu, Yaozhong
1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
We give a formula of expanding the solution of a stochastic differential equation (abbreviated as SDE) into a finite Ito-Wiener chaos with explicit residual. And then we apply this formula to obtain several inequalities for diffusions such as FKG...
CSC310 Information Theory Sam Roweis Proving the Kraft-McMillan Inequalities
Roweis, Sam
CSC310 Information Theory Sam Roweis Lecture 3: Proving the Kraft-McMillan Inequalities September) Modeling. We have to represent the stochastic behaviour of the source and the channel using probabilistic. Review: Mathematical Setup 3 · A stochastic source emits a sequence of symbols (from alphabet A) X = X1
WORKING PAPER N 2008 -06 Trade, technology adoption and wage inequalities
Boyer, Edmond
. Keywords: Firm heterogeneity, trade reforms, technology adoption, skill premium, plant panel data. JELWORKING PAPER NÂ° 2008 - 06 Trade, technology adoption and wage inequalities: theory and evidence Maria Bas JEL Codes: F10, F12, F41 Keywords: firm heterogeneity, trade reforms, technology adoption
THE CLAUSIUS INEQUALITY AND THE MATHEMATICAL STATEMENT OF THE SECOND LAW
Ronis, David M.
, T Carnot Engine where C is a reversible Carnot engine which takes heat -d- Qs from a part of the system our definition of efficiency and the fact that the efficiencies of all reversible Carnot engine initial state (A) along a reversible path II. If we apply the Clausius inequality to this cycle, we have B
HOMODYNING BELL'S INEQUALITY G. M. D'Ariano1,2
D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro
experiment to test Bell's inequality that involve optical radiation the source emits a pair of correlated and BS denote `polarizing beam splitter' and `conventional beam splitter' respectively. Input radiation at radiofrequency are detected, yielding the value of the quadratures of the field modes a , b, a and b
Valid Inequalities for the Pooling Problem with Binary Variables Claudia D'Ambrosio
Linderoth, Jeffrey T.
the utility of the inequalities when used in a global optimization solver. Department of Industrial refining, wastewater treatment, and general chemical engineering process design [2, 12, 1, 4]. Different. For example, this variant of the pooling problem is relevant for crude oil scheduling operations [6, 14
The Communications Revolution and Health Inequalities in the 21st Century
Illinois at Chicago, University of
The Communications Revolution and Health Inequalities in the 21st Century: Promises and Pitfalls K. Viswanath Harvard School of Public Health DanaFarber Cancer Institute DanaFarber/Harvard Cancer Center 2013 IHRP Distinguished Lecture Institute for Health Research & Policy University of Illinois
Nagurney, Anna
An Efficiency Measure for Dynamic Networks Modeled as Evolutionary Variational Inequalities propose an efficiency/performance measure for dynamic net- works, which have been modeled as evolutionary and their rankings. We provide both continuous time and discrete time versions of the efficiency measure. We
Styles, Vanessa
FOR SUPERCONDUCTIVITY C.M. ELLIOTT, D. KAY #3; AND V.STYLES y CENTRE FOR MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS AND ITS APPLICATIONS long cylindrical superconductor subject to a transverse magnetic #12;eld. We prove an error between of an evolutionary variational inequality arising from a critical state model for a type-II superconductor
Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 -2010
Banaji,. Murad
Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 - 2010 John Hills changes in the UK since 2007, particularly their impact on the distribution of wealth, poverty, income, charting their approach and assessing their impact on the distribution of outcomes and on poverty
A Rearrangement Inequality and the Permutahedron Author(s): A. Vince
Vince, Andrew
to thisnote. REFERENCE 1. J.J.Rotman,The Theoryofgroups,An Introduction,3rded.,Allynand Bacon. A RearrangementInequalityandthe-Littlewood-Polyainequality,fromwhichthe inequalitiesabove and manyotherrearrangementinequalitiesimmediatelyfollow. In [5] rearrangementinequalitiesare back at least to Schur[10] and is a unifyingprincipalformanytypesof inequalities.The intentionin
A FINITE ELEMENT APPROXIMATION OF A VARIATIONAL INEQUALITY FORMULATION OF BEAN'S MODEL FOR
Elliott, Charles
A FINITE ELEMENT APPROXIMATION OF A VARIATIONAL INEQUALITY FORMULATION OF BEAN'S MODEL of a variational formulation of Bean's model for the physical configuration of an infinitely long cylindrical's axis, for x R2 . The well-known Bean critical state model can be formulated as an evolutionary
Jones, Nathan
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
mechanisms is to reduce the computational time needed to simulate a problem. The focus of this work is on the validity of reduced methane-air combustion mechanisms, particularly pertaining to satisfying the entropy inequality. While much of this work involves...
Minkovskii-type inequality for arbitrary density matrix of composite and noncomposite systems
V. N. Chernega; O. V. Manko; V. I. Manko
2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
New kind of matrix inequality known for bipartite system density matrix is obtained for arbitrary density matrix of composite or noncomposite qudit systems including the single qudit state. The examples of two qubit system and qudit with j=3/2 are discussed.
Graphical User Interface Software for Gross Defect Detection at the Atucha-I Plant
Wong, A C; Sitaraman, S; Ham, Y S; Peixoto, O
2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z
At the Atucha-I pressurized heavy water reactor in Argentina, fuel assemblies in the spent fuel pools are stored by suspending them in two vertically stacked layers. This introduces the unique problem of verifying the presence of fuel in either layer without physically moving the fuel assemblies. Movement of fuel, especially from the lower layer, would involve a major effort on the part of the operator. Given that the facility uses both natural uranium and slightly enriched uranium at 0.85 w% {sup 235}U, and has been in operation since 1974, a wide range of burnups and cooling times can exist in any given pool. Additionally, while fuel assemblies are grouped together in a uniform fashion, the packing density from group to group can vary within a single pool. A tool called the Spent Fuel Neutron Counter (SFNC) was developed and successfully tested at the site to verify, in an in-situ condition, the presence of fuel up to burnups of 8,000 MWd/t. Since the neutron source term becomes a nonlinear function of burnup beyond this burnup, a new algorithm was developed to predict expected response from the SFNC at measurement locations covering the entire range of burnups, cooling times, and initial enrichments. With the aid of a static database of parameters including intrinsic sources and energy group-wise detector response functions, as well as explicit spent fuel information including burnups, cooling times, enrichment types, and spacing between fuel assemblies, an expected response for any given location can be calculated by summing the contributions from the relevant neighboring fuel assemblies. Thus, the new algorithm maps the expected responses across the various pools providing inspectors with a visual aid in verifying the presence of the spent fuel assemblies. This algorithm has been fully integrated into a standalone application built in LabVIEW. The GUI uses a step-by-step approach to allow the end-user to first calibrate the predicted database against a set of measurements with SFNC at selected locations where spent fuel is present. Once the database is calibrated it can be used to detect gross defects by comparing the measured signal to the one predicted by the database with differences beyond a set tolerance indicating missing fuel.
Vishwanath Shukla; Marc Brachet; Rahul Pandit
2014-11-23T23:59:59.000Z
We present algorithms for the ab-initio determination of the temperature ($T$) dependence of the mutual-friction coefficients $\\alpha$ and $\\alpha'$ and the normal-fluid density $\\rho_{\\rm n}$ in the two-dimensional (2D) Galerkin-truncated Gross-Pitaevskii system. Our algorithms enable us to determine $\\alpha(T)$, even though fluctuations in 2D are considerably larger than they are in 3D. We also examine the implications of our measurements of $\\alpha'(T)$ for the Iordanskii force, whose existence is often questioned.
Cardoso, W. B.; Avelar, A. T. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Goias, 74.001-970, Goiania, Goias (Brazil); Bazeia, D. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal da Paraiba, 58051-970, Joao Pessoa, Paraiba (Brazil)
2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
We deal with the three-dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation which is used to describe a cloud of dilute bosonic atoms that interact under competing two- and three-body scattering potentials. We study the case where the cloud of atoms is strongly confined in two spatial dimensions, allowing us to build an unidimensional nonlinear equation,controlled by the nonlinearities and the confining potentials that trap the system along the longitudinal coordinate. We focus attention on specific limits dictated by the cubic and quintic coefficients, and we implement numerical simulations to help us to quantify the validity of the procedure.
Coxhead, Ian
A-1 Trade And Inequality With Limited Labor Mobility: Theory And Evidence From China Muqun Li ........................................................................................ 2 A.3. Trade balance conditions................................................................................ 9 A.8. Trade balance condition rewriting 2
Mass angular momentum inequality for axisymmetric vacuum data with small trace
Zhou, Xin
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we proved the mass angular momentum inequality\\cite{D1}\\cite{ChrusLiWe}\\cite{SZ} for axisymmetric, asymptotically flat, vacuum constraint data sets with small trace. Given an initial data set with small trace, we construct a boost evolution spacetime of the Einstein vacuum equations as \\cite{ChOM}. Then a perturbation method is used to solve the maximal surface equation in the spacetime under certain growing condition at infinity. When the initial data set is axisymmetric, we get an axisymmetric maximal graph with the same ADM mass and angular momentum as the given data. The inequality follows from the known results\\cite{D1}\\cite{ChrusLiWe}\\cite{SZ} about the maximal graph.
Monogamy inequality in terms of negativity for three-qubit states
Ou, Y.-C.; Fan Heng [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China)
2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
We propose an entanglement measure to quantify three-qubit entanglement in terms of negativity. A monogamy inequality analogous to the Coffman-Kundu-Wootters inequality is established. This consequently leads to a definition of residual entanglement, which is referred to as the three-{pi} in order to distinguish it from the three-tangle. The three-{pi} is proved to be a natural entanglement measure. By contrast to the three-tangle, it is shown that the three-{pi} always gives greater than zero values for pure states belonging to the W and Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger classes, implying that three-way entanglement always exists for them; the three-tangle generally underestimates the three-way entanglement of a given system. This investigation will offer an alternative tool to understand genuine multipartite entanglement.
A. W. Beckwith
2004-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
The tunneling Hamiltonian has proven to be a useful method in many body physics to treat particle tunneling between different states represented as wave functions. Here we present a generalization of the tunneling Hamiltonian to quantum field theory, in which tunneling between states represented as wave functionals of a scalar quantum field is considered. We examine quantum decay of the false vacuum in the driven Sine-Gordon system, and show it is consistent with the tunneling formalism derived here and matches up with the soliton - anti soliton separation obtained from the Bogomil'nyi inequality. This inequality permits construction of a gaussian wave functional representation of soliton - anti soliton nucleated states and is consistent with respect to the false vacuum hypothesis
Bell's inequality for a single spin 1/2 particle and quantum contextuality
Sayandeb Basu; Somshubhro Bandyopadhyay; Guruprasad Kar; Dipankar Home
2001-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
We argue that for a \\emph{single particle} Bell's inequality is a consequence of noncontextuality and is \\emph{incompatible} with statistical predictions of quantum mechanics. Thus noncontextual models can be empirically falsified, \\emph{independent} of locality condition. For this an appropriate entanglement between \\emph{disjoint} Hilbert spaces pertaining to translational and spin degrees of freedom of a single spin-1/2 particle is invoked
An Improvement to a Berezin-Li-Yau type inequality for the Klein-Gordon Operator
Yolcu, Selma Yildirim
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this article we improve a lower bound for $\\sum_{j=1}^k\\beta_j$ (a Berezin-Li-Yau type inequality) in [E. M. Harrell II and S. Yildirim Yolcu, Eigenvalue inequalities for Klein-Gordon Operators, J. Funct. Analysis, 256(12) (2009) 3977-3995]. Here $\\beta_j$ denotes the $j$th eigenvalue of the Klein Gordon Hamiltonian $H_{0,\\Omega}=|p|$ when restricted to a bounded set $\\Omega\\subset {\\mathbb R}^n$. $H_{0,\\Omega}$ can also be described as the generator of the Cauchy stochastic process with a killing condition on $\\partial \\Omega$. (cf. [R. Banuelos, T. Kulczycki, Eigenvalue gaps for the Cauchy process and a Poincare inequality, J. Funct. Anal. 211 (2) (2004) 355-423]; [R. Banuelos, T. Kulczycki, The Cauchy process and the Steklov problem, J. Funct. Anal. 234 (2006) 199-225].) To do this, we adapt the proof of Melas ([ A. D. Melas, A lower bound for sums of eigenvalues of the Laplacian, Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, 131(2) (2002) 631-636]), who improved the estimate for the bound of $\\sum_...
Tawfik, A., E-mail: a.tawfik@eng.mti.edu.eg [Egyptian Center for Theoretical Physics (ECTP), MTI University, 11571 Cairo (Egypt)
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the impacts of Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) proposed by some approaches to quantum gravity such as String Theory and Doubly Special Relativity on black hole thermodynamics and Salecker-Wigner inequalities. Utilizing Heisenberg uncertainty principle, the Hawking temperature, Bekenstein entropy, specific heat, emission rate and decay time are calculated. As the evaporation entirely eats up the black hole mass, the specific heat vanishes and the temperature approaches infinity with an infinite radiation rate. It is found that the GUP approach prevents the black hole from the entire evaporation. It implies the existence of remnants at which the specific heat vanishes. The same role is played by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle in constructing the hydrogen atom. We discuss how the linear GUP approach solves the entire-evaporation-problem. Furthermore, the black hole lifetime can be estimated using another approach; the Salecker-Wigner inequalities. Assuming that the quantum position uncertainty is limited to the minimum wavelength of measuring signal, Wigner second inequality can be obtained. If the spread of quantum clock is limited to some minimum value, then the modified black hole lifetime can be deduced. Based on linear GUP approach, the resulting lifetime difference depends on black hole relative mass and the difference between black hole mass with and without GUP is not negligible.
Wigner's form of the Leggett-Garg inequality, No-Signalling in Time, and Unsharp Measurements
Debashis Saha; Shiladitya Mal; Prasanta K. Panigrahi; Dipankar Home
2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z
Wigner's form of the local realist inequality is used to derive its temporal version for an oscillating two-level system involving two-time joint probabilities. Such an inequality may be regarded as a novel form of the Leggett-Garg inequality (LGI) constituting a necessary condition for macrorealism. The robustness of its quantum mechanical (QM) violation against unsharpness of measurement is investigated by using a suitable model of unsharp measurements. It is found that there exists a range of values of the sharpness parameter (characterizing precision of the relevant measurements) for which the usual LGI is satisfied by QM, but Wigner's form of the LGI (WLGI) is violated. This implies that for such unsharp measurements, the QM violation of macrorealism cannot be tested using the usual LGI, but can be tested using WLGI. In showing this, we take into account the general form of the usual LGI involving an arbitrary number of pairs of two-time correlation functions. Another recently proposed necessary condition for macrorealism, called `no-signalling in time', is also probed, showing that its QM violation persists for arbitrarily unsharp measurements.
Quark-Antiquark and Diquark Condensates in Vacuum in a 2D Two-Flavor Gross-Neveu Model
Zhou Bang-Rong
2007-03-07T23:59:59.000Z
The analysis based on the renormalized effective potential indicates that, similar to in the 4D two-flavor Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model, in a 2D two-flavor Gross-Neveu model, the interplay between the quark-antiquark and the diquark condensates in vacuum also depends on $G_S/H_S$, the ratio of the coupling constants in scalar quark-antiquark and scalar diquark channel. Only the pure quark-antiquark condensates exist if $G_S/H_S>2/3$ which is just the ratio of the color numbers of the quarks participating in the diquark and quark-antiquark condensates. The two condensates will coexist if $0condensates arise only at $G_S/H_S=0$ and are not in a possibly finite region of $G_S/H_S$ below 2/3.
Quark-Antiquark and Diquark Condensates in Vacuum in a 3D Two-Flavor Gross-Neveu Model
Bang-Rong Zhou
2007-06-23T23:59:59.000Z
The effective potential analysis indicates that, in a 3D two-flavor Gross-Neveu model in vacuum, depending on less or bigger than the critical value 2/3 of $G_S/H_P$, where $G_S$ and $H_P$ are respectively the coupling constants of scalar quark-antiquark channel and pseudoscalar diquark channel, the system will have the ground state with pure diquark condensates or with pure quark-antiquark condensates, but no the one with coexistence of the two forms of condensates. The similarities and differences in the interplay between the quark-antiquark and the diquark condensates in vacuum in the 2D, 3D and 4D two-flavor four-fermion interaction models are summarized.
Graziano, Michael
Dynamic Representation of Eye Position in the Parieto-Occipital Sulcus K. NAKAMURA, H. H. CHUNG, M 08544 Nakamura, K., H. H. Chung, M.S.A. Graziano, and C. G. Gross. Dynamic representation of eye stimulation and to the position and movement of the eyes. We examined the effects of eye position and eye
48 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production. Stainless- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption was about $408 million as measured
44 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic chromium chemicals and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal was predominantly for the production of stainless and heat-resisting steel and superalloys
48 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic chromium chemicals, chromium ferroalloys, and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal by end use was: stainless and heat-resisting steel, 76%; full-alloy steel, 8
46 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic chromium chemicals and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal was predominantly for the production of stainless and heat-resisting steel and superalloys
48 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production. Imported chromite was consumed by one chemical firm to produce chromium chemicals. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal was predominantly for the production of stainless and heat-resisting steel
42 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption in 2010 was $883 million as measured by the value
42 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and chromium metal. Stainless- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption in 2008 was $1,283 million
48 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal was predominantly for the production of stainless and heat-resisting steel and superalloys, respectively. The value
42 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production company produced chromium metal. Stainless- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption in 2011 was $1
46 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production. Imported chromite was consumed by one chemical firm to produce chromium chemicals. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal was predominantly for the production of stainless and heat-resisting steel
44 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic chromium chemicals, chromium ferroalloys, and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal by end use was: stainless and heat-resisting steel, 74%; full-alloy steel
42 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption in 2009 was $358 million as measured by the value
44 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production. Stainless- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption in 2007 was $548 million as measured
44 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic chromium chemicals, chromium ferroalloys, and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal by end use was: stainless and heat-resisting steel, 68%; full-alloy steel, 8
Entanglement formation and violation of Bell's inequality with a semiconductor single photon source
David Fattal; Kyo Inoue; Jelena Vuckovic; Charles Santori; Glenn S. Solomon; Yoshihisa Yamamoto
2003-05-09T23:59:59.000Z
We report the generation of polarization-entangled photons, using a quantum dot single photon source, linear optics and photodetectors. Two photons created independently are observed to violate Bell's inequality. The density matrix describing the polarization state of the postselected photon pairs is also reconstructed, and agrees well with a simple model predicting the quality of entanglement from the known parameters of the single photon source. Our scheme provides a method to generate no more than one entangled photon pair per cycle, a feature useful to enhance quantum cryptography protocols using entangled photons.
A quantum weak energy inequality for the Dirac field in two-dimensional flat spacetime
S. P. Dawson
2005-12-14T23:59:59.000Z
Fewster and Mistry have given an explicit, non-optimal quantum weak energy inequality that constrains the smeared energy density of Dirac fields in Minkowski spacetime. Here, their argument is adapted to the case of flat, two-dimensional spacetime. The non-optimal bound thereby obtained has the same order of magnitude, in the limit of zero mass, as the optimal bound of Vollick. In contrast with Vollick's bound, the bound presented here holds for all (non-negative) values of the field mass.
Marcin Pawlowski
2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z
We show that monogamy of Bell's inequality violations, which is strictly weaker condition than no-signaling is enough to prove security of quantum key distribution. We derive our results for a whole class of monogamy constraints and generalize our results to any theory that communicating parties may have access to. Some of these theories do not respect no-signaling principle yet still allow for secure communication. This proves that no-signaling is only a sufficient condition for the possibility of secure communication, but not the necessary one. We also present some new qualitative results concerning the security of existing quantum key distribution protocols.
Computing the maximum violation of a Bell inequality is NP-complete
J. Batle; C. H. Raymond Ooi
2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The number of steps required in order to maximize a Bell inequality for arbitrary number of qubits is shown to grow exponentially with either the number of steps and the number of parties involved. The proof that the optimization of such correlation measure is a NP-problem is based on an operational perspective involving a Turing machine, which follows a general algorithm. The implications for the computability of the so called {\\it nonlocality} for any number of qubits is similar to recent results involving entanglement or similar quantum correlation-based measures.
An absolute quantum energy inequality for the Dirac field in curved spacetime
Calvin J. Smith
2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum Weak Energy Inequalities (QWEIs) are results which limit the extent to which the smeared renormalised energy density of a quantum field can be negative. On globally hyperbolic spacetimes the massive quantum Dirac field is known to obey a QWEI in terms of a reference state chosen arbitrarily from the class of Hadamard states; however, there exist spacetimes of interest on which state-dependent bounds cannot be evaluated. In this paper we prove the first QWEI for the massive quantum Dirac field on four dimensional globally hyperbolic spacetime in which the bound depends only on the local geometry; such a QWEI is known as an absolute QWEI.
A Simply Constrained Optimization Reformulation of KKT Systems Arising from Variational Inequalities
Facchinei, F. [Dipartimento di Informatica e Sistemistica, Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza', Via Buonarroti 12, I-00185 Roma (Italy)], E-mail: soler@dis.uniroma1.it; Fischer, A. [Department of Mathematics, University of Dortmund, 44221 Dortmund (Germany)], E-mail: fischer@math.uni-dortmund.de; Kanzow, C. [Institute of Applied Mathematics, University of Hamburg, Bundesstrasse 55, D-20146 Hamburg (Germany)], E-mail: kanzow@math.uni-hamburg.de; Peng, J.-M. [State Key Laboratory of Scientific and Engineering Computing, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 2719, Beijing, 100080 (China)], E-mail: pjm@lsec.cc.ac.cn
1999-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) conditions can be regarded as optimality conditions for both variational inequalities and constrained optimization problems. In order to overcome some drawbacks of recently proposed reformulations of KKT systems, we propose casting KKT systems as a minimization problem with nonnegativity constraints on some of the variables. We prove that, under fairly mild assumptions, every stationary point of this constrained minimization problem is a solution of the KKT conditions. Based on this reformulation, a new algorithm for the solution of the KKT conditions is suggested and shown to have some strong global and local convergence properties.
Black Hole Enthalpy and an Entropy Inequality for the Thermodynamic Volume
M. Cvetic; G. W. Gibbons; D. Kubiznak; C. N. Pope
2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z
In a theory where the cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ or the gauge coupling constant $g$ arises as the vacuum expectation value, its variation should be included in the first law of thermodynamics for black holes. This becomes $dE= TdS + \\Omega_i dJ_i + \\Phi_\\alpha d Q_\\alpha + \\Theta d \\Lambda$, where $E$ is now the enthalpy of the spacetime, and $\\Theta$, the thermodynamic conjugate of $\\Lambda$, is proportional to an effective volume $V = -\\frac{16 \\pi \\Theta}{D-2}$ "inside the event horizon." Here we calculate $\\Theta$ and $V$ for a wide variety of $D$-dimensional charged rotating asymptotically AdS black hole spacetimes, using the first law or the Smarr relation. We compare our expressions with those obtained by implementing a suggestion of Kastor, Ray and Traschen, involving Komar integrals and Killing potentials, which we construct from conformal Killing-Yano tensors. We conjecture that the volume $V$ and the horizon area $A$ satisfy the inequality $R\\equiv ((D-1)V/{\\cal A}_{D-2})^{1/(D-1)}\\, ({\\cal A}_{D-2}/A)^{1/(D-2)}\\ge1$, where ${\\cal A}_{D-2}$ is the volume of the unit $(D-2)$-sphere, and we show that this is obeyed for a wide variety of black holes, and saturated for Schwarzschild-AdS. Intriguingly, this inequality is the "inverse" of the isoperimetric inequality for a volume $V$ in Euclidean $(D-1)$ space bounded by a surface of area $A$, for which $R\\le 1$. Our conjectured {\\it Reverse Isoperimetric Inequality} can be interpreted as the statement that the entropy inside a horizon of a given "volume" $V$ is maximised for Schwarzschild-AdS. The thermodynamic definition of $V$ requires a cosmological constant (or gauge coupling constant). However, except in 7 dimensions, a smooth limit exists where $\\Lambda$ or $g$ goes to zero, providing a definition of $V$ even for asymptotically-flat black holes.
Energy-time and frequency-time uncertainty relations: exact inequalities
V. V. Dodonov; A. V. Dodonov
2015-04-03T23:59:59.000Z
We give a short review of known exact inequalities that can be interpreted as "energy-time" and "frequency-time" uncertainty relations. In particular we discuss a precise form of signals minimizing the physical frequency-time uncertainty product. Also, we calculate the "stationarity time" for mixed Gaussian states of a quantum harmonic oscillator, showing explicitly that pure quantum states are "more fragile" than mixed ones with the same value of the energy dispersion. The problems of quantum evolution speed limits, time operators and measurements of energy and time are briefly discussed, too.
Rahul Kumar; Sankalpa Ghosh
2015-03-13T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the general quantum state of synthetically spin-orbit coupled ultra cold bosonic atom whose condensate was experimentally created recently ( Y. J. Lin {\\it et al.}, Nature, {\\bf 471}, 83, (2011)), shows entanglement between motional degrees of freedom ( momentum) and internal degrees of freedom (hyperfine spin). We demonstrate the violation of Bell-like inequality (CHSH) for such states that provides a unique opportunity to verify fundamental principle like quantum non-contextuality for commutating observables which are not spatially separated. We analyze in detail the Rabi oscillation executed by such atom-laser system and how that influneces quantities like entanglement entropy, violation of Bell like Inequality etc. We also discuss the implication of our result in testing the quantum non-contextuality and Bell's Inequality vioaltion by macroscopic quantum object like Bose-Einstein Condensate of ultra cold atoms.
Hybrid quantum logic and a test of Bell's inequality using two different atomic species
Ballance, C J; Home, J P; Szwer, D J; Webster, S C; Allcock, D T C; Linke, N M; Harty, T P; Craik, D P L Aude; Stacey, D N; Steane, A M; Lucas, D M
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Entanglement is one of the most fundamental properties of quantum mechanics, and is the key resource for quantum information processing. Bipartite entangled states of identical particles have been generated and studied in several experiments, and post-selected entangled states involving pairs of photons, or single photons and single atoms, have also been produced. Here, we deterministically generate a "hybrid" entangled state of two different species of trapped-ion qubit, perform full tomography of the state produced, and make the first test of Bell's inequality with non-identical atoms. We use a laser-driven two-qubit quantum logic gate, whose mechanism is insensitive to the qubits' energy splittings, to produce a maximally-entangled state of one Ca40 qubit and one Ca43 qubit, held in the same ion trap, with 99.8(5)% fidelity. We make a test of Bell's inequality for this novel entangled state, and find that it is violated by 15 sigma. Mixed-species quantum logic is an essential technique for the construction...
Daniel Bhatti; Raimund Schneider; Thomas Mehringer; Steffen Oppel; Joachim von Zanthier
2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
It is theoretically and experimentally shown that photons emitted by statistically independent incoherent classical light sources and measured in the far field in spatially separated modes may display spatial correlations akin to path-entanglement of photons produced by quantum sources. By measuring higher order photon-correlations at different locations, i.e., $m$ photons in one mode and one photon in another mode, we experimentally demonstrate for $m \\geq 6$ a violation of Bell-type inequalities for spatial degrees of freedom. The spatial correlations among the photons can be understood from state projection where the detection of the first $m$ photons projects the sources onto a state which emits the subsequent photon in a strongly correlated manner. From this perspective the entanglement and violation of Bell's inequalities appears as a consequence of nonvanishing cross correlations between noncommuting quadrature phase components of the two spatially separated fields after $m$ photons have been recorded. In this way we show that classical systems may produce spatial field correlations violating local realistic theories.
Lei, Huimin; Huang, Maoyi; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Yang, Dawen; Shi, Xiaoying; Mao, Jiafu; Hayes, Daniel J.; Schwalm, C.; Wei, Yaxing; Liu, Shishi
2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The terrestrial water and carbon cycles interact strongly at various spatio-temporal scales. To elucidate how hydrologic processes may influence carbon cycle processes, differences in terrestrial carbon cycle simulations induced by structural differences in two runoff generation schemes were investigated using the Community Land Model 4 (CLM4). Simulations were performed with runoff generation using the default TOPMODEL-based and the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) model approaches under the same experimental protocol. The comparisons showed that differences in the simulated gross primary production (GPP) are mainly attributed to differences in the simulated leaf area index (LAI) rather than soil moisture availability. More specifically, differences in runoff simulations can influence LAI through changes in soil moisture, soil temperature, and their seasonality that affect the onset of the growing season and the subsequent dynamic feedbacks between terrestrial water, energy, and carbon cycles. As a result of a relative difference of 36% in global mean total runoff between the two models and subsequent changes in soil moisture, soil temperature, and LAI, the simulated global mean GPP differs by 20.4%. However, the relative difference in the global mean net ecosystem exchange between the two models is small (2.1%) due to competing effects on total mean ecosystem respiration and other fluxes, although large regional differences can still be found. Our study highlights the significant interactions among the water, energy, and carbon cycles and the need for reducing uncertainty in the hydrologic parameterization of land surface models to better constrain carbon cycle modeling.
Prayitno, T. B., E-mail: trunk-002@unj.ac.id [Physics Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jl. Pemuda Rawamangun no. 10, Jakarta, 13220 (Indonesia)
2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z
We have imposed the conditions in order to preserve the real-valued partition function in the case of onedimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation coupled by time-dependent potential. In this case we have solved the Gross-Pitaevskii equation by means of the time-dependent perturbation theory by extending the previous work of Kivshar et al. [Phys. Lett A 278, 225–230 (2001)]. To use the method, we have treated the equation as the macroscopic quantum oscillator and found that the expression of the partition function explicitly has complex values. In fact, we have to choose not only the appropriate functions but also the suitable several values of the potential to keep the real-valued partition function.
Entropic and information inequality for nonlinearly transformed two-qubit X-states
V. I. Man'ko; R. S. Puzko
2014-10-11T23:59:59.000Z
The entropic and information inequalities for two qubit X-states transformed by the nonlinear channels are given in explicit form. The subadditivity condition and nonnegativity of von Neumann quantum information are studied for both initial X-state and the state after action of the nonlinear channel. Partial case of Werner state is considered in detail. We shown that the von Neumann information increases due to action of the nonlinear channel. We generalize the results obtained for Werner state in our earlier article [J. Russ. Laser Res., \\textbf{35}, iss. 3 (2014)] to the case of X-state of two qubit system. We study the influence of nonlinear channel acting on X-state of two qubit system onto von Neumann mutual information.
Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger argument of nonlocality without inequalities for mixed states
Ghirardi, Gian Carlo [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Trieste, Trieste (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, Trieste (Italy); International Centre for Theoretical Physics 'Abdus Salam', Trieste (Italy); Marinatto, Luca [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Trieste, Trieste (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, Trieste (Italy)
2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
We generalize the Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger nonlocality without inequalities argument to cover the case of arbitrary mixed statistical operators associated to three-qubits quantum systems. More precisely, we determine the radius of a ball (in the trace distance topology) surrounding the pure GHZ state and containing arbitrary mixed statistical operators which cannot be described by any local and realistic hidden variable model and which are, as a consequence, noncompletely separable. As a practical application, we focus on certain one-parameter classes of mixed states which are commonly considered in the experimental realization of the original GHZ argument and which result from imperfect preparations of the pure GHZ state. In these cases we determine for which values of the parameter measuring the noise a nonlocality argument can still be exhibited, despite the mixedness of the considered states. Moreover, the effect of the imperfect nature of measurement processes is discussed.
Violating Bell's inequality with an artificial atom and a cat state in a cavity
Brian Vlastakis; Andrei Petrenko; Nissim Ofek; Luayn Sun; Zaki Leghtas; Katrina Sliwa; Yehan Liu; Michael Hatridge; Jacob Blumoff; Luigi Frunzio; Mazyar Mirrahimi; Liang Jiang; M. H. Devoret; R. J. Schoelkopf
2015-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
The `Schr\\"odinger's cat' thought experiment highlights the counterintuitive facet of quantum theory that entanglement can exist between microscopic and macroscopic systems, producing a superposition of distinguishable states like the fictitious cat that is both alive and dead. The hallmark of entanglement is the detection of strong correlations between systems, for example by the violation of Bell's inequality. Using the CHSH variant of the Bell test, this violation has been observed with photons, atoms, solid state spins, and artificial atoms in superconducting circuits. For larger, more distinguishable states, the conflict between quantum predictions and our classical expectations is typically resolved due to the rapid onset of decoherence. To investigate this reconciliation, one can employ a superposition of coherent states in an oscillator, known as a cat state. In contrast to discrete systems, one can continuously vary the size of the prepared cat state and therefore its dependence on decoherence. Here we demonstrate and quantify entanglement between an artificial atom and a cat state in a cavity, which we call a `Bell-cat' state. We use a circuit QED architecture, high-fidelity measurements, and real-time feedback control to violate Bell's inequality without post-selection or corrections for measurement inefficiencies. Furthermore, we investigate the influence of decoherence by continuously varying the size of created Bell-cat states and characterize the entangled system by joint Wigner tomography. These techniques provide a toolset for quantum information processing with entangled qubits and resonators. While recent results have demonstrated a high level of control of such systems, this experiment demonstrates that information can be extracted efficiently and with high fidelity, a crucial requirement for quantum computing with resonators.
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Elio Conte; Andrei Yuri Khrennikov; Orlando Todarello; Antonio Federici; Joseph P. Zbilut
2008-04-10T23:59:59.000Z
In the first part of the paper we reach an experimental final confirmation that mental states follow quantum mechanics. In the second part further experimentation indicates that in mind states Bell inequality violation is possible.
Christopher J. Wood; Robert W. Spekkens
2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
An active area of research in the fields of machine learning and statistics is the development of causal discovery algorithms, the purpose of which is to infer the causal relations that hold among a set of variables from the correlations that these exhibit. We apply some of these algorithms to the correlations that arise for entangled quantum systems. We show that they cannot distinguish correlations that satisfy Bell inequalities from correlations that violate Bell inequalities, and consequently that they cannot do justice to the challenges of explaining certain quantum correlations causally. Nonetheless, by adapting the conceptual tools of causal inference, we can show that any attempt to provide a causal explanation of nonsignalling correlations that violate a Bell inequality must contradict a core principle of these algorithms, namely, that an observed statistical independence between variables should not be explained by fine-tuning of the causal parameters. In particular, we demonstrate the need for such fine-tuning for most of the causal mechanisms that have been proposed to underlie Bell correlations, including superluminal causal influences, superdeterminism (that is, a denial of freedom of choice of settings), and retrocausal influences which do not introduce causal cycles.
Black Hole Enthalpy and an Entropy Inequality for the Thermodynamic Volume
Cvetic, M; Kubiznak, D; Pope, C N
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In a theory where the cosmological constant \\Lambda or the gauge coupling constant g arises as the vacuum expectation value, its variation should be included in the first law of thermodynamics for black holes. This becomes dE= TdS + \\Omega_i dJ_i + \\Phi_\\alpha d Q_\\alpha + \\Theta d \\Lambda, where E is now the enthalpy of the spacetime, and \\Theta, the thermodynamic conjugate of \\Lambda, is proportional to an effective volume V = -\\frac{16 \\pi \\Theta}{D-2} "inside the event horizon." Here we calculate \\Theta and V for a wide variety of D-dimensional charged rotating asymptotically AdS black hole spacetimes, using the first law or the Smarr relation. We compare our expressions with those obtained by implementing a suggestion of Kastor, Ray and Traschen, involving Komar integrals and Killing potentials, which we construct from conformal Killing-Yano tensors. We conjecture that the volume V and the horizon area A satisfy the inequality R\\equiv ((D-1)V/{\\cal A}_{D-2})^{1/(D-1)}\\, ({\\cal A}_{D-2}/A)^{1/(D-2)}\\ge1, ...
Loss-tolerant hybrid measurement test of CHSH inequality with weakly amplified N00N states
Falk Töppel; Magdalena Stobi?ska
2015-02-18T23:59:59.000Z
Although our understanding of Bell's theorem and experimental techniques to test it have improved over the last 40 years, thus far all Bell tests have suffered at least from the detection or the locality loophole. Most photonic Bell tests rely on inefficient discrete-outcome measurements, often provided by photon counting detection. One possible way to close the detection loophole in photonic Bell tests is to involve efficient continuous-variable measurements instead, such as homodyne detection. Here, we propose a test of the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) inequality that applies photon counting and homodyne detection on weakly amplified two-photon N00N states. The scheme suggested is remarkably robust against experimental imperfections and suits the limits of current technology. As amplified quantum states are considered, our work also contributes to the exploration of entangled macroscopic quantum systems. Further, it may constitute an alternative platform for a loophole-free Bell test, which is also important for quantum-technological applications.
General Solutions of Cosmological Equations with Inequalities for Perfect Fluid and Scalar Field
A. Das; N. Tariq; R. M. W. Woodside
2006-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
Spherically symmetric cosmological equations in the usual FLRW coordinates are explored, with different sources. The first couples a perfect fluid with a quintessence scalar field and the second couples a perfect fluid to a tachyonic scalar field. In both cases, in the inflationary regime, the scale factor a(t) and its first two time derivatives are positive definite. Both sources in the matter phase yield a scale factor and its first derivative as positive definite. In both cases and in each phase, the general solutions of the differential equations together with the algebraic and differential inequalities are obtained. As special cases, exponential, hyperbolic, and power law inflation, as well as power law expansion for the matter phase are all derived from the general solutions. With recent data on baryonic matter, Hubble parameter and deceleration parameter, the relative percentages of baryonic matter, daek matter and dark energy are calculated. The quintessence model yields: 4% baryonic matter, 18% dark matter, and 78% dark energy. The tachyonic model gives: 4% baryonic matter, 36% dark matter, and 60% dark energy.
Tsuyoshi Ito; Hirotada Kobayashi; Daniel Preda; Xiaoming Sun; Andrew C. -C. Yao
2008-04-11T23:59:59.000Z
A central question in quantum information theory and computational complexity is how powerful nonlocal strategies are in cooperative games with imperfect information, such as multi-prover interactive proof systems. This paper develops a new method for proving limits of nonlocal strategies that make use of prior entanglement among players (or, provers, in the terminology of multi-prover interactive proofs). Instead of proving the limits for usual isolated provers who initially share entanglement, this paper proves the limits for "commuting-operator provers", who share private space, but can apply only such operators that are commutative with any operator applied by other provers. Commuting-operator provers are at least as powerful as usual isolated but prior-entangled provers, and thus, limits for commuting-operator provers immediately give limits for usual entangled provers. Using this method, we obtain an n-party generalization of the Tsirelson bound for the Clauser-Horne- Shimony-Holt inequality for every n. Our bounds are tight in the sense that, in every n-party case, the equality is achievable by a usual nonlocal strategy with prior entanglement. We also apply our method to a 3-prover 1-round binary interactive proof for NEXP. Combined with the technique developed by Kempe, Kobayashi, Matsumoto, Toner and Vidick to analyze the soundness of the proof system, it is proved to be NP-hard to distinguish whether the entangled value of a 3-prover 1-round binary-answer game is equal to 1 or at most 1-1/p(n) for some polynomial p, where n is the number of questions. This is in contrast to the 2-prover 1-round binary-answer case, where the corresponding problem is efficiently decidable. Alternatively, NEXP has a 3-prover 1-round binary interactive proof system with perfect completeness and soundness 1-2^{-poly}.
Analysis of the Christensen et al. Clauser-Horne (CH)-Inequality-Based Test of Local Realism
Donald A. Graft
2015-01-03T23:59:59.000Z
The Clauser-Horne (CH) inequality can validly test aspects of locality when properly applied. This paper analyzes a recent CH-based EPRB experiment, the Christensen et al. experiment. Full details of the data analysis applied to the experiment are given. It is shown that the experiment confirms locality and disconfirms the quantum joint prediction. Additionally, the paper contributes to promulgation of robust and correct data analysis by describing the important degrees of freedom that affect the analysis, and that must be addressed in the analysis of any experiment.
Xia, Jingfeng; Zhuang, Qianlai; Law, Beverly E.; Chen, Jiquan; Baldocchi, Dennis D.; Cook, David R.; Oren, Ram; Richardson, Andrew D.; Wharton, Sonia; Ma, Siyan; Martin, Timothy A.; Verma, Shashi B.; Suyker, Andrew E.; Scott, Russell L.; Monson, Russell K.; Litvak, Marcy; Hollinger, David Y.; Sun, Ge; Davis, Kenneth J.; Bolstad, Paul V.; Burns, Sean P.; Curtis, Peter S.; Drake, Bert G.; Falk, Matthias; Fischer, Marc L.; Foster, David R.; Gu, Lianhong; Hadley, Julian L.; Katul, Gabriel G.; Matamala, Roser; McNulty, Steve; Meyers, Tilden P.; Munger, J. William; Noormets, Asko; Oechel, Walter C.; U, Kyaw Tha Paw; Schmid, Hans Peter; Starr, Gregory; Torn, Margaret S.; Wofsy, Steven C.
2009-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
The quantification of carbon fluxes between the terrestrial biosphere and the atmosphere is of scientific importance and also relevant to climate-policy making. Eddy covariance flux towers provide continuous measurements of ecosystem-level exchange of carbon dioxide spanning diurnal, synoptic, seasonal, and interannual time scales. However, these measurements only represent the fluxes at the scale of the tower footprint. Here we used remotely-sensed data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) to upscale gross primary productivity (GPP) data from eddy covariance flux towers to the continental scale. We first combined GPP and MODIS data for 42 AmeriFlux towers encompassing a wide range of ecosystem and climate types to develop a predictive GPP model using a regression tree approach. The predictive model was trained using observed GPP over the period 2000-2004, and was validated using observed GPP over the period 2005-2006 and leave-one-out cross-validation. Our model predicted GPP fairly well at the site level. We then used the model to estimate GPP for each 1 km x 1 km cell across the U.S. for each 8-day interval over the period from February 2000 to December 2006 using MODIS data. Our GPP estimates provide a spatially and temporally continuous measure of gross primary production for the U.S. that is a highly constrained by eddy covariance flux data. Our study demonstrated that our empirical approach is effective for upscaling eddy flux GPP data to the continental scale and producing continuous GPP estimates across multiple biomes. With these estimates, we then examined the patterns, magnitude, and interannual variability of GPP. We estimated a gross carbon uptake between 6.91 and 7.33 Pg C yr{sup -1} for the conterminous U.S. Drought, fires, and hurricanes reduced annual GPP at regional scales and could have a significant impact on the U.S. net ecosystem carbon exchange. The sources of the interannual variability of U.S. GPP were dominated by these extreme climate events and disturbances.
A remark on the role of indeterminism and non-locality in the violation of Bell’s inequalities
Sassoli de Bianchi, Massimiliano, E-mail: autoricerca@gmail.com
2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
Diederik Aerts was the first in the eighties to develop a concrete example of a macroscopic “classical” entity violating Bell’s inequalities (BI). In more recent years, he also developed a macroscopic model in which the amount of non-locality and indeterminism can be continuously varied, and used it to show that by increasing non-locality one increases the degree of violation of BI, whereas by increasing indeterminism one decreases the degree of violation of BI. In this article we introduce and analyze a different macroscopic model in which the amount of non-locality and indeterminism can also be parameterized, and therefore varied, and find that, in accordance with the model of Aerts, an increase of non-locality does produce a stronger violation of BI. However, differently from his model, we also find that, depending on the initial state in which the system is prepared, an increase of indeterminism can either strengthen or weaken the degree of violation of BI. -- Highlights: •There are macroscopic models that can violate Bell’s inequalities (BI). •We describe a model in which non-locality and indeterminism can be continuously varied. •An increase of non-locality produces a stronger violation of BI. •An increase of indeterminism can either produce a stronger or weaker violation of BI, depending on the initial state.
Reymen, Bart, E-mail: bart.reymen@maastro.nl [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO clinic), GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO clinic), GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands); Van Loon, Judith; Baardwijk, Angela van; Wanders, Rinus; Borger, Jacques [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO clinic), GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO clinic), GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands); Dingemans, Anne-Marie C. [Department of Pulmonology, GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands)] [Department of Pulmonology, GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands); Bootsma, Gerben [Department of Pulmonology, Atrium Medical Centre, Heerlen (Netherlands)] [Department of Pulmonology, Atrium Medical Centre, Heerlen (Netherlands); Pitz, Cordula [Department of Pulmonology, Laurentius Hospital, Roermond (Netherlands)] [Department of Pulmonology, Laurentius Hospital, Roermond (Netherlands); Lunde, Ragnar [Department of Pulmonology, St Jansgasthuis, Weert (Netherlands)] [Department of Pulmonology, St Jansgasthuis, Weert (Netherlands); Geraedts, Wiel [Department of Pulmonology, Orbis Medical Centre, Sittard (Netherlands)] [Department of Pulmonology, Orbis Medical Centre, Sittard (Netherlands); Lambin, Philippe [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO clinic), GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO clinic), GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands); De Ruysscher, Dirk [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO clinic), GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands) [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO clinic), GROW – School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands); University Hospital Leuven/ KU Leuven, Leuven (Belgium)
2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: In non-small cell lung cancer, gross tumor volume (GTV) influences survival more than other risk factors. This could also apply to small cell lung cancer. Methods and Materials: Analysis of our prospective database with stage I to III SCLC patients referred for concurrent chemo radiation therapy. Standard treatment was 45 Gy in 1.5-Gy fractions twice daily concurrently with carboplatin-etoposide, followed by prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) in case of non-progression. Only fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET)-positive or pathologically proven nodal sites were included in the target volume. Total GTV consisted of post chemotherapy tumor volume and pre chemotherapy nodal volume. Survival was calculated from diagnosis (Kaplan-Meier ). Results: A total of 119 patients were included between May 2004 and June 2009. Median total GTV was 93 ± 152 cc (7.5-895 cc). Isolated elective nodal failure occurred in 2 patients (1.7%). Median follow-up was 38 months, median overall survival 20 months (95% confidence interval = 17.8-22.1 months), and 2-year survival 38.4%. In multivariate analysis, only total GTV (P=.026) and performance status (P=.016) significantly influenced survival. Conclusions: In this series of stage I to III small cell lung cancer patients treated with FDG-PET-based selective nodal irradiation total GTV is an independent risk factor for survival.
Samantha Gross | Department of Energy
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Andrei Khrennikov
2011-12-03T23:59:59.000Z
We present a purely wave model (based on classical random field) which reproduces quantum probabilities (given by the fundamental law of quantum mechanics, Born's rule) including probabilities for joint detection of a pair of quantum observables (e.g., spin or polarization projections). The crucial point of our approach is that the presence of detector's threshold and calibration procedure have to be treated not as simply experimental technicalities, but as the basic counteparts of the theoretical model. The presence of the background field (vacuum fluctuations) is also the key-element of our prequantum model. It is of the classical signal type and the methods of classical signal theory (including statistical radiophysics) are used for its development. We stress that our prequantum model is not objective, i.e., the values of observables (clicks of detectors) cannot be assigned in advance, i.e., before measurement. Hence, the dilemma, nonobjectivity or nonlocality, is resolved in favor of nonobjectivity (our model is local of the classical field type). In particular, we reproduce the probabilities for the EPR-experiment for photon polarization and, hence, violate CHSH inequality for classical random signals (measured by the threshold type and properly calibrated detectors acting in the presence of the background field).
Jose M. Pacheco
2007-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
Often some interesting or simply curious points are left out when developing a theory. It seems that one of them is the existence of an upper bound for the fraction of area of a convex and closed plane area lying outside a circle with which it shares a diameter, a problem stemming from the theory of isoperimetric inequalities. In this paper such a bound is constructed and shown to be attained for a particular area. It is also shown that convexity is a necessary condition in order to avoid the whole area lying outside the circle.
Homeless education : supporting student and family resilience in the face of poverty hardship
Einspar, Michele Christine
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of At-Risk Students in Poverty. Essays in Education, 17(5).Journal of Children and Poverty, 6(1), 51-72. Nunez, R. (Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy 283. Yin, R.K. (
Rucci, A.; Vasco, D.W.; Novali, F.
2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Deformation in the overburden proves useful in deducing spatial and temporal changes in the volume of a producing reservoir. Based upon these changes we estimate diffusive travel times associated with the transient flow due to production, and then, as the solution of a linear inverse problem, the effective permeability of the reservoir. An advantage an approach based upon travel times, as opposed to one based upon the amplitude of surface deformation, is that it is much less sensitive to the exact geomechanical properties of the reservoir and overburden. Inequalities constrain the inversion, under the assumption that the fluid production only results in pore volume decreases within the reservoir. We apply the formulation to satellite-based estimates of deformation in the material overlying a thin gas production zone at the Krechba field in Algeria. The peak displacement after three years of gas production is approximately 0.5 cm, overlying the eastern margin of the anticlinal structure defining the gas field. Using data from 15 irregularly-spaced images of range change, we calculate the diffusive travel times associated with the startup of a gas production well. The inequality constraints are incorporated into the estimates of model parameter resolution and covariance, improving the resolution by roughly 30 to 40%.
STOCHASTIC VARIATIONAL INEQUALITIES: RESIDUAL ...
2011-02-20T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 20, 2011 ... to failure of the equilibrium. Mathematical analysis and practical examples show that the ERM-formulation is robust in the sense that its solution ...
Gross error detection in process data
Singh, Gurmeet
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
sufficient condition that the mixture is unimodal for all p is that 27 (7r rrs (Pl J2) & 4( z s) (III. 3) Fig. l and Fig. 2 illustrate some examples of a two component normal mixture distribution and clearly indicate the variety of shapes possible... standard deviation, s. If the distribution sample is N(p, cr), then 18 has the well known t-distribution with n-1 degrees of freedom, where n is the number of observations in the sample. On the basis of this fact, one can set up a test of hypothesis p...
Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
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Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
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Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
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Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
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Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
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Louisiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
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Maryland Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
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Maryland Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
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Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
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Michigan Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
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Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
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Mississippi Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
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Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
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Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million CubicCubic Feet)Same 2011 2012 2013
Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million CubicCubic32,876 10,889 11,5022009 2010 201130U.S.
Montana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million CubicCubic32,876 10,889 11,5022009 2010
Tennessee Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
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Tennessee Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet)4. U.S. VehicleNov-14Alaska Arkansas
Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubicSeparation 7,559Nov-14 Dec-14Feet)U.S.
Texas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubicSeparation 7,559Nov-14
Offshore Gross Withdrawals of Natural Gas
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
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Total Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Summary)
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
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Total Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Summary)
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
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California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469 2,321 2,590 1,550Increases (Billion1 -5 2Feet)
California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469 2,321 2,590 1,550Increases (Billion1 -5
Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469 2,321Spain (Million CubicSales (Billion 044,0860U.S.
Colorado Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469 2,321Spain (Million CubicSales (Billion
Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,397 125 Q 69 (MillionAdjustments (Billion Cubic2009 20103,015U.S.
Wyoming Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,397 125 Q 69 (MillionAdjustments (Billion Cubic2009
Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year Jan FebIncreases (Billion Cubic Feet)U.S. Offshore U.S.
Utah Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year Jan FebIncreases (Billion Cubic Feet)U.S. Offshore
Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year Jan FebIncreasesCommercialFeet) New2009Feet)U.S.
Virginia Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
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Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 OilU.S. Offshore U.S. State Offshore
Alabama Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 OilU.S. Offshore U.S. State
Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 OilU.S. Offshore U.S.: Shale
Alaska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 OilU.S. Offshore U.S.: ShaleAlaska
Arizona Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 OilU.S.5Are there GainsU.S. Offshore
Arizona Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 OilU.S.5Are there GainsU.S.
Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 OilU.S.5Are there GainsU.S.U.S.
Arkansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 OilU.S.5Are there GainsU.S.U.S.Alaska
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996) inthroughYear Jan Feb2002-2015
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996) inthroughYear Jan6-2015
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of(Millionthrough 1996) inthroughYear
Monthly Natural Gas Gross Production Report
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA /Ml'.Solar Thermal SolarJuly 28,September 25,1 E n e
Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1.Gas ProvedCommercialNov-14U.S. Offshore U.S.
Florida Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1.Gas ProvedCommercialNov-14U.S. Offshore
Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 TableTotal Consumption (Million381 -260 74U.S. Offshore
Illinois Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 TableTotal Consumption (Million381 -260 74U.S.
Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 TableTotal Consumptionper Thousand Cubic4Feet)U.S.
Indiana Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 TableTotal Consumptionper Thousand
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803andYear Janthrough 1996)through2009 2010Decade2,022,228
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Gas Wells
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803andYear Janthrough 1996)through200915,134,644 14,414,287
Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803andYear Janthrough 1996)through200915,134,6445,609,425
Nebraska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803andYear Janthrough2,869,9601. Natural5,19580Feet)U.S.
Nebraska Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803andYear Janthrough2,869,9601.
Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803andYearWithdrawals (MillionYearNA 24,057 25,124U.S.
Nevada Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803andYearWithdrawals (MillionYearNA 24,057 25,124U.S.Alaska
Sofia Mancheno-Gross | Department of Energy
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David J. Gross and the Strong Force
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
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Offshore Gross Withdrawals of Natural Gas
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug SepDecadeEnergy
Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul9 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 View
Ohio Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul9 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul9ThousandFeet)41Feet)U.S.
Oklahoma Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar Apr MayYear Jan Feb Mar Apr MayYear JanU.S.
Oregon Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar Apr MayYear Jan Feb Mar Apr MayYear JanU.S.Alaska
Pennsylvania Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar Apr MayYear JanProduction 1980
Pennsylvania Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar Apr MayYear JanProduction 1980Alaska Arkansas
Generalized entropy, fractional logarithmic Sobolev inequality, and Beckner type inequality
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-Sobolev inequali* *ty and discuss the relation between the spectral gap and the OE-Sobolev inequalit* *y
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as top and bottom 0.5 percentile of energy intake relative to basal metabolic rate values) were excluded (n=353). Average daily consumption of each fruit and vegetable item (g/d) was estimated from self- reported frequencies and imputed standard... , with nine standard response categories (between never or less than once/month and ?6/day) (Willett, 2013). FFQ respondents with extreme estimated energy intakes (defined as top and bottom 0.5 percentile of energy intake relative to basal metabolic rate...
The Use of Creative Projects in a Gross Anatomy Class
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Students also focused on the cadaver as a wonderful learninglearning, but almost the same number focused on the cadaver as a person. Almost half explored the student-
Infants Communicate in Order to Be Understood Gerlind Grosse
Carpenter, M.alinda
& Lewis, 2004; Csibra & Gergely, 2006; Go´mez, Sarria´, & Tamarit, 1993; Moore & Corkum, 1994; Moore & D toward the infant. Go´mez et al. (1993) suggested that when infants point, they seek to affect
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Quantification of the Potential Gross Economic Impacts of Five...
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the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.govpublications. Foreword Natural Gas and our Transforming Energy Economy Unconventional natural gas, and...
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of Bhutanese culture: an alloy forged from such ingredients as Buddhism, feudalism, national security issues, and the absence of colonization. In the vision document, Bhutan 2020, the role Integral Development 31 of GNH for Bhutan’s development...
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, in self-propagating high- temperature synthesis (SHS), a flame wave advancing through powdered ingredients nondimensionalization, the velocity of propagation relates to the interface temperature as V = exp 1 u - 1 + (1 - )u behavior of small disturbances of front propagation and tem- perature as they evolve in time. This includes
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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
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? Dilute gas approximation: need Typical values: Â· Â· to Also need to have Bose-Einstein condensation. Can: #12;Condensate Dynamics Perturb about stationary solution: GP Equation yields For a uniform gas of trapped condensate density Â· TF approxima3on yields Euler equa3ons, allows analysis
Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (Million Cubic
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Building FloorspaceThousandWithdrawals0.0Decade Year-0Base7Alaska
Kansas Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (Million Cubic
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Building FloorspaceThousandWithdrawals0.0Decade Year-0Base7AlaskaFeet) Year
Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (Million Cubic
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million Cubic Feet) Kenai,
Kentucky Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Coalbed Wells (Million Cubic
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million Cubic Feet) Kenai,Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May