Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Method and apparatus for chemically altering fluids in continuous flow  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a continuous flow fluid reactor for chemically altering fluids. The reactor operates on standard frequency (50 to 60 Hz) electricity. The fluid reactor contains particles that are energized by the electricity to form a corona throughout the volume of the reactor and subsequently a non-equilibrium plasma that interacts with the fluid. Particles may form a fixed bed or a fluid bed. Electricity may be provided through electrodes or through an inductive coil. Fluids include gases containing exhaust products and organic fuels requiring oxidation.

Heath, William O. (Richland, WA); Virden, Jr., Judson W. (Richland, WA); Richardson, R. L. (West Richland, WA); Bergsman, Theresa M. (Richland, WA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Method and apparatus for chemically altering fluids in continuous flow  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a continuous flow fluid reactor for chemically altering fluids. The reactor operates on standard frequency (50 to 60 Hz) electricity. The fluid reactor contains particles that are energized by the electricity to form a corona throughout the volume of the reactor and subsequently a non-equilibrium plasma that interacts with the fluid. Particles may form a fixed bed or a fluid bed. Electricity may be provided through electrodes or through an inductive coil. Fluids include gases containing exhaust products and organic fuels requiring oxidation. 4 figures.

Heath, W.O.; Virden, J.W. Jr.; Richardson, R.L.; Bergsman, T.M.

1993-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

3

RHOBOT: Radiation hardened robotics  

SciTech Connect

A survey of robotic applications in radioactive environments has been conducted, and analysis of robotic system components and their response to the varying types and strengths of radiation has been completed. Two specific robotic systems for accident recovery and nuclear fuel movement have been analyzed in detail for radiation hardness. Finally, a general design approach for radiation-hardened robotics systems has been developed and is presented. This report completes this project which was funded under the Laboratory Directed Research and Development program.

Bennett, P.C.; Posey, L.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Molecular-bond hardening and dynamics of molecular stabilization and trapping in intense laser pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stabilization and population trapping of high-lying vibrational states and chemical bond hardening are predicted for both continuous-wave (cw) lasers and short laser pulses. While the intensity dependences of the laser-induced stabilization are essentially...

Yao, Guanhua; Chu, Shih-I

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

A Brief Discussion of Radiation Hardening of CMOS Microelectronics  

SciTech Connect

Commercial microchips work well in their intended environments. However, generic microchips will not fimction correctly if exposed to sufficient amounts of ionizing radiation, the kind that satellites encounter in outer space. Modern CMOS circuits must overcome three specific concerns from ionizing radiation: total-dose, single-event, and dose-rate effects. Minority-carrier devices such as bipolar transistors, optical receivers, and solar cells must also deal with recombination-generation centers caused by displacement damage, which are not major concerns for majority-carrier CMOS devices. There are ways to make the chips themselves more resistant to radiation. This extra protection, called radiation hardening, has been called both a science and an art. Radiation hardening requires both changing the designs of the chips and altering the ways that the chips are manufactured.

Myers, D.R.

1998-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

6

Kinematic hardening of a porous limestone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A concept for a kinematic hardening yield surface in stress space for Cordova Cream limestone (Austin Chalk) developed by Celle and Cheatham (1981) has been improved using Ziegler's modification of Prager's ha...

J. B. Cheatham Jr.; M. B. Allen; C. C. Celle

7

Laser Applications in Metal Surface Hardening  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The acceptance of C02 lasers in industry to provide surface hardening is an established fact. Applications number in the hundreds in such diverse fields as automotive, office machines, air compressors, jet engines, military, paper converting...

Eckersley, J. S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Process for hardening the surface of polymers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Hard surfaced polymers and the method for making them is generally described. Polymers are subjected to simultaneous multiple ion beam bombardment, that results in a hardening of the surface and improved wear resistance. 1 figure.

Mansur, L.K.; Lee, E.H.

1992-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

9

Some observations on time-hardening and strain-hardening rules for creep in Zircaloy-2  

SciTech Connect

The role of accurate creep prediction in zirconium alloys, and the Zircaloys in particular, has become increasingly important in light water reactor core component design and behavior analyses. A study was made of the applicability of time-hardening and strain-hardening rules to describe creep deformation in Zircaloy-2 under variable stress and temperature conditions. Variable stress and variable temperature creep data were compared to isotonic (iso-stress) and isothermal data in the stress regime 69 to 172 MPa and the temperature regime 325 to 400/degree/C. It was observed that creep deformation under these variable conditions does not follow a time-hardening rule. This paper formulates strain-hardening rule, which describes well the variable temperature creep deformation at temperatures up to 375/degree/C. At 400/degree/C, however, the strain-hardening rule broke down because of a nonnegligible recovery rate. 28 refs.

Lucas, G.E.; Pelloux, R.M.N.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Radiation-hardened transistor and integrated circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A composite transistor is disclosed for use in radiation hardening a CMOS IC formed on an SOI or bulk semiconductor substrate. The composite transistor has a circuit transistor and a blocking transistor connected in series with a common gate connection. A body terminal of the blocking transistor is connected only to a source terminal thereof, and to no other connection point. The blocking transistor acts to prevent a single-event transient (SET) occurring in the circuit transistor from being coupled outside the composite transistor. Similarly, when a SET occurs in the blocking transistor, the circuit transistor prevents the SET from being coupled outside the composite transistor. N-type and P-type composite transistors can be used for each and every transistor in the CMOS IC to radiation harden the IC, and can be used to form inverters and transmission gates which are the building blocks of CMOS ICs.

Ma, Kwok K. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

11

Fully Automated Radiation Hardened by Design Circuit Construction.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A fully automated logic design methodology for radiation hardened by design (RHBD) high speed logic using fine grained triple modular redundancy (TMR) is presented. The… (more)

Hindman, Nathan David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Hardened, environmentally disposable composite granules of coal cleaning refuse, coal combustion waste, and other wastes, and method preparing the same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hardened, environmentally inert and disposable composite granule of coal cleaning refuse and coal combustion waste, and method for producing the same, wherein the coal combustion waste is first granulated. The coal cleaning refuse is pulverized into fine particles and is then bound, as an outer layer, to the granulated coal combustion waste granules. This combination is then combusted and sintered. After cooling, the combination results in hardened, environmentally inert and disposable composite granules having cores of coal combustion waste, and outer shells of coal cleaning refuse. The composite particles are durable and extremely resistant to environmental and chemical forces.

Burnet, George (Ames, IA); Gokhale, Ashok J. (College Station, TX)

1990-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

13

Alterations in bottom sediment physical and chemical Characteristics at the terra nova offshore oil development over ten Years of Drilling on the grand Banks of Newfoundland, Canada.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper describes sediment composition at the Terra Nova offshore oil development. The Terra Nova Field is located on the Grand Banks approximately 350 km southeast of Newfoundland, Canada, at an approximate water depth of 100 m. Surface sediment samples (upper 3 cm) were collected for chemical and particle size analyses at the site pre-development (1997) and in 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008 and 2010. Approximately 50 stations have been sampled in each program year, with stations extending from less than 1 km to a maximum of 20 km from source (drill centres) along five gradients, extending to the southeast, southwest, northeast, northwest and east of Terra Nova. Results show that Terra Nova sediments were contaminated with >C10-C21 hydrocarbons and barium - the two main constituents of synthetic-based drilling muds used at the site. Highest levels of contamination occurred within 1 to 2 km from source, consistent with predictions from drill cuttings dispersion modelling. The strength of distance gradients for >C10-C21 hydrocarbons and barium, and overall levels, generally increased as drilling progressed but decreased from 2006 to 2010, coincident with a reduction in drilling. As seen at other offshore oil development sites, metals other than barium, sulphur and sulphide levels were elevated and sediment fines content was higher in the immediate vicinity (less than 0.5 km) of drill centres in some sampling years; but there was no strong evidence of project-related alterations of these variables. Overall, sediment contamination at Terra Nova was spatially limited and only the two major constituents of synthetic-based drilling muds used at the site, >C10-C21 hydrocarbons and barium, showed clear evidence of project-related alternations.

Elisabeth M. DeBlois; Michael D. Paine; Bruce W. Kilgour; Ellen Tracy; Roger Crowley; Urban P. Williams; G.Gregory Janes

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Hydrothermal Alteration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrothermal Alteration Hydrothermal Alteration Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Hydrothermal Alteration Dictionary.png Hydrothermal Alteration: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Opalized rock is often valued for its spectacular colors and it may indicate past hydrothermal activity (reference: https://uwaterloo.ca/earth-sciences-museum/what-earth/what-earth-minerals/what-earth-precious-opal) The heat and minerals of hydrothermal waters may result in the chemical alteration of rocks that it comes in contact with. The minerals that result from this alteration may be evidence of past hydrothermal activity. Opalization - alteration to opal. Argillization- alteration to clay minerals such as smectite, illite, and kaolinite which often form caprocks.

15

E-Print Network 3.0 - alter normal clrn1 Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

effects, B:49 alteration... . rock chemical compositions, B:49 zoning, B:419-421 See also hydrothermal alteration; metamorphism... ; metasomatism; oxidative alteration; secondary...

16

OPC Security Whitepaper #3Hardening Guidelines for OPC Hosts | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OPC Security Whitepaper #3Hardening Guidelines for OPC Hosts OPC Security Whitepaper #3Hardening Guidelines for OPC Hosts OPC Security Whitepaper #3Hardening Guidelines for OPC Hosts In recent years, Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA), process control and industrial manufacturing systems have increasingly relied on commercial Information Technologies (IT) such as Ethernet(tm), Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and Windows® for both critical and non-critical communications. This has made the interfacing of industrial control equipment much easier, but has resulted in significantly less isolation from the outside world, resulting in the increased risk of cyber-based attacks impacting industrial production and human safety. OPC Security Whitepaper #3 Hardening Guidelines for OPC Hosts

17

Hardening of a bismuth crystal due to electroplastic deformation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The surface texture of a bismuth crystal after deformation of the surface by a diamond pyramid and simultaneous passage of a pulse of high-density electric current is studied. The fact of hardening is establis...

1 V. S. Savenko

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Work hardening characteristics and recovery of gamma base titanium aluminides  

SciTech Connect

The work hardening behavior of gamma base titanium aluminides was investigated by mechanical testing, electron microscope observations and recovery experiments. The main objectives of the paper are: (1) to ascertain the nature of work hardening at room temperature, (2) to identify deformation induced glide obstacles which can be overcome with the aid of thermal activation, (3) to assess the thermal stability of deformation induced defect structures.

Appel, F.; Sparka, U.; Muellauer, J.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Method and apparatus for welding precipitation hardenable materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for welding together members consisting of precipitation age hardened materials includes the steps of selecting a weld filler material that has substantially the same composition as the materials being joined, and an age hardening characteristic temperature age threshold below that of the aging kinetic temperature range of the materials being joined, whereby after welding the members together, the resulting weld and heat affected zone (HAZ) are heat treated at a temperature below that of the kinetic temperature range of the materials joined, for obtaining substantially the same mechanical characteristics for the weld and HAZ, as for the parent material of the members joined. 5 figures.

Murray, H. Jr.; Harris, I.D.; Ratka, J.O.; Spiegelberg, W.D.

1994-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

20

Method and apparatus for welding precipitation hardenable materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for welding together members consisting of precipitation age hardened materials includes the steps of selecting a weld filler material that has substantially the same composition as the materials being joined, and an age hardening characteristic temperature age threshold below that of the aging kinetic temperature range of the materials being joined, whereby after welding the members together, the resulting weld and heat affected zone (HAZ) are heat treated at a temperature below that of the kinetic temperature range of the materials joined, for obtaining substantially the same mechanical characteristics for the weld and HAZ, as for the parent material of the members joined.

Murray, Jr., Holt (Hopewell, NJ); Harris, Ian D. (Dublin, OH); Ratka, John O. (Cleveland Heights, OH); Spiegelberg, William D. (Parma, OH)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Laser surface hardening of gray cast iron used for piston ring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The process parameters for laser surface-hardening has been experimentally established for improving the wear life of piston rings used for marine diesel engines by the formation of a ... value, hardening depth, ...

Jong-Hyun Hwang; Dae-Young Kim…

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

A Radiation Hardened Reconfigurable FPGA Shankarnarayanan Ramaswamy1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Size Isolation Device Options S/D Engineering Supply Voltages Gate Electrodes Metal Levels Poly & Diffusion Silicide 150nm Shallow Trench Isolation 26 Ã? / 70 Ã? Halo with S/D Extensions 1.5V / 3.3V N+ Poly and manufactured utilizing this 150 nm radiation hardened CMOS process employing seven levels of metal. The chip

Manohar, Rajit

23

E-Print Network 3.0 - aisi52100 hardened steel Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of hardened AISI 52100 bearing steel... ... Source: Ozel, Tugrul - Department of Industrial Engineering, Rutgers University Collection: Engineering 4 Predictive modeling...

24

E-Print Network 3.0 - alteration layer effects Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

effect on thermal conductivity, B:397-400 hydrothermal alteration comparison... -titanite alteration, chemical effects, B:49 image ... Source: Texas A&M University, Ocean...

25

Structural influences on the work hardening behavior of aluminum  

SciTech Connect

Effects of various grain and subgrain morphologies on low temperature work hardening of pure Al is studied using tensile tests. Plotting the work hardening rate as a function of true stress, the work hardening is separable into two distinct regimes. Both regimes are approximated by a line {Theta} = {Theta}{sub 0} {minus} K{sub 2}{sigma}, where {Theta}{sub 0} is theoretical work hardening rate at zero stress and K{sub 2} is related to dynamic recovery rate. The first or early deformation regime exhibits greater values of {Theta}{sub 0} and K{sub 2} and can extend up to the first 10% strain of tensile deformation. This early deformation regime is contingent on the existence of a pre-existent dislocation substructure from previous straining. The {Theta}{sub 0} and K{sub 2} associated with the early deformation regime are dependent on the strength and orientation of the pre-existent dislocation substructure relative to the new strain path. At high enough temperatures, this pre-existent dislocation substructure is annealed out, resulting in the near elimination of the early deformation regime. In comparison, the latter regime is dominated by the initial grain and/or subgrain morphology and exhibit lower values of {Theta}{sub 0} and K{sub 2}. The actual value of K{sub 2} in the latter regime is strongly dependent on the existence of a subgrain morphology. Recrystallized or well-annealed microstructures exhibit greater values of K{sub 2} than microstructures that remain partially or fully unrecrystallized. The higher K{sub 2} value is indicative of a more rapid dynamic recovery rate and a greater degree of strain relaxation. The ability to achieve a more relaxed state produces a low-energy cellular dislocation substructure upon deformation. The introduction of subgrains hinders the evolution of a low-energy dislocation cell network, giving way to a more random distribution of the dislocation density.

Chu, D.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Chemical alteration patterns in metamict fergusonite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...kindly made available by Jochen Schluter (Mineralogisches Museum der Universitat Hamburg) and Christian Schnier (GKSS, Geesthacht). Thanks are due to Andreas Wagner (Universitat Wien) and Anja Schreiber (Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam) for sample preparation...

Katja Ruschel; Lutz Nasdala; Dieter Rhede; Richard Wirth; Christian L. Lengauer; Eugen Libowitzky

27

An evaluation of four hardening rules of the incremental theory of plasticity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

obtainable for almost any engineering material, this test will be employed throughout this text. In addition to prescribing the strain-hardening of the material, the hardening rule must also provide for the modification of the yield surface during plastic... OF SCIENCE December 1973 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering AN EVALUATION OP POUR HARDENING RULES OF THE INCR MENTAL THEORY OF PLASTICITY A Thesis BARRY HUNSAKKR, JR. Approved as to style and content by: qChalrman of Cosraittee) (Head of Depar en...

Hunsaker, Barry

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

28

Case depth verification of hardened samples with Barkhausen noise sweeps  

SciTech Connect

An interesting topic of recent Barkhausen noise (BN) method studies is the application of the method to case depth evaluation of hardened components. The utilization of BN method for this purpose is based on the difference in the magnetic properties between the hardened case and the soft core. Thus, the detection of case depth with BN can be achieved. The measurements typically have been carried out by using low magnetizing frequencies which have deeper penetration to the ferromagnetic samples than the conventional BN measurement. However, the penetration depth is limited due to eddy current damping of the signal. We introduce here a newly found sweep measurement concept for the case depth evaluation. In this study sweep measurements were carried out with various magnetizing frequencies and magnetizing voltages to detect the effect of different frequency and voltage and their correspondence to the actual case depth values verified from destructive characterization. Also a BN measurement device that has an implemented sweep analysis option was utilised. The samples were either induction or case-hardened samples and sample geometry contained both rod samples and gear axle samples with different case depth values. Samples were also further characterized with Xray diffraction to study the residual stress state of the surface. The detailed data processing revealed that also other calculated features than the maximum slope division of the 1st derivative of the BN signal could hold the information about the case depth value of the samples. The sweep method was able to arrange the axles into correct order according to the case depth value even though the axles were used.

Santa-aho, Suvi; Vippola, Minnamari; Lepistö, Toivo [Tampere University of Technology, Department of Materials Science, P.O. Box 589, 33101 Tampere (Finland); Hakanen, Merja [Stresstech Oy, Tikkutehtaantie 1, 40800 Vaajakoski (Finland); Sorsa, Aki; Leiviskä, Kauko [University of Oulu, Control Engineering Laboratory, P.O. Box 4300, FIN-90014 University of Oulu (Finland)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

29

Surface hardening of metallic alloys by electrospark deposition followed by plasma nitriding .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper presents the results of a study concerned with the surface hardening of nonferrous and ferrous alloys, by integrating the electrospark deposition and plasma… (more)

Béjar Vega, Marco

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Simulation aided hardening of N-channel power MOSFETs to prevent single event burnout  

SciTech Connect

2D MEDICI simulator is used to investigate hardening solutions to single-event burnout (SEB). SEB parametric dependencies such as carrier lifetime reduction, base enlargement, and emitter doping decrease have been verified and a p{sup +} plug modification approach for SEB hardening of power MOSFETs is validated with simulations on actual device structures.

Dachs, C.; Palau, J.M.; Bruguier, G.; Gasiot, J. [Univ. Montpellier 2 (France)] [Univ. Montpellier 2 (France); Roubaud, F. [Univ. Antilles Guyane, Kourou (French Guiana)] [Univ. Antilles Guyane, Kourou (French Guiana); Tastet, P. [CNES, Toulouse (France)] [CNES, Toulouse (France); Calvet, M.C. [Aerospatiale, Les Mureaux (France)] [Aerospatiale, Les Mureaux (France); Calvel, P. [Alcatel Espace, Toulouse (France)] [Alcatel Espace, Toulouse (France)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Method of forming a hardened surface on a substrate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention includes a method of producing a hard metallic material by forming a mixture containing at least 55% iron and at least one of B, C, Si and P. The mixture is formed into an alloy and cooled to form a metallic material having a hardness of greater than about 9.2 GPa. The invention includes a method of forming a wire by combining a metal strip and a powder. The metal strip and the powder are rolled to form a wire containing at least 55% iron and from two to seven additional elements including at least one of C, Si and B. The invention also includes a method of forming a hardened surface on a substrate by processing a solid mass to form a powder, applying the powder to a surface to form a layer containing metallic glass, and converting the glass to a crystalline material having a nanocrystalline grain size.

Branagan, Daniel J. (Iona, ID)

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

32

Interaction between alpha-calcium sulfate hemihydrate and superplasticizer from the point of adsorption characteristics, hydration and hardening process  

SciTech Connect

Superplasticizers (SPs), namely sulfonated melamine formaldehyde (SMF) and polycarboxylate (PC), were independently admixed with alpha-calcium sulfate hemihydrate based plaster to improve the material's performance. SMF and PC gave, respectively, 38% and 25% increases in the 2 h bending strength at the optimum dosages of 0.5 wt.% and 0.3 wt.%, which are determined essentially by the maximum water-reducing efficiency. The peak shift of binding energy of Ca2p{sub 3/2} detected by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) suggests that SPs are chemically adsorbed on gypsum surface. A careful examination of the strength development of set plaster allowed the hydration and hardening process to be divided roughly into five stages. SMF accelerates early hydration, while PC decelerates it. Both SPs allowed similar maximum water reductions, giving a more compact structure and a decrease in total pore volume and average pore diameter, and thus leading to higher strengths in the hardened plasters with SPs.

Guan Baohong; Ye Qingqing; Zhang Jiali; Lou Wenbin [Department of Environmental Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Wu Zhongbiao, E-mail: zbwu@zju.edu.c [Department of Environmental Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

33

Spectroscopical Analysis of Mechano-chemically Activated Surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mechano-chemical activation is fundamentally different than chemical activation in that energy is added to alter the state of bond energy instead of exciting electrons to produce a chemical reaction. Mechano-chemical activation has demonstrated...

Cooper, Rodrigo

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

34

Simulation of hardened layer formation at micro-arc oxidation of aluminum specimens  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, some model representations on a process of hardened surface layer formation are presented; they were developed on the basis of the analysis of physical processes that occur in the course of micro-arc

N. Yu. Dudareva

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Alteration of Enzymatic Characteristics of Bacterial Alpha-Amylase by Acylation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Immobilization of an enzyme by chemical bonding to a carrier molecule usually results in some alteration of its enzymatic characteristics. At present the alteration is explained in terms of a new microenvironm...

Hirosuke Okada; Itaru Urabe

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkaline ph alter Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

.10 Furthermore, Ag is an attractive... alter- native to Pt as an oxygen reduction electrocatalyst in ... Source: Kenis, Paul J. A. - Department of Chemical and Biomolecular...

37

Zeolitic Alteration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrothermal Alteration Products Epistilbite, a mineral in the zeolite group. This photo shows epistilbite in hydrothermally altered basalt from the Puu O Ehu quarry, Lanakai...

38

Pattern Alteration: Shoulder Length  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wide or broad shoulders will cause the armhole seam line at the shoulder to pull inward and the cap of set-in sleeves to pull and ride up. Sleeves will appear too short and not hang properly. This publication gives instructions for altering a basic...

2006-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

39

Efficient simulation of press hardening process through integrated structural and CFD analyses  

SciTech Connect

Press hardened steel parts are being increasingly used in automotive structures for their higher strength to meet safety standards while reducing vehicle weight to improve fuel consumption. However, manufacturing of sheet metal parts by press hardening process to achieve desired properties is extremely challenging as it involves complex interaction of plastic deformation, metallurgical change, thermal distribution, and fluid flow. Numerical simulation is critical for successful design of the process and to understand the interaction among the numerous process parameters to control the press hardening process in order to consistently achieve desired part properties. Until now there has been no integrated commercial software solution that can efficiently model the complete process from forming of the blank, heat transfer between the blank and tool, microstructure evolution in the blank, heat loss from tool to the fluid that flows through water channels in the tools. In this study, a numerical solution based on Altair HyperWorks® product suite involving RADIOSS®, a non-linear finite element based structural analysis solver and AcuSolve®, an incompressible fluid flow solver based on Galerkin Least Square Finite Element Method have been utilized to develop an efficient solution for complete press hardening process design and analysis. RADIOSS is used to handle the plastic deformation, heat transfer between the blank and tool, and microstructure evolution in the blank during cooling. While AcuSolve is used to efficiently model heat loss from tool to the fluid that flows through water channels in the tools. The approach is demonstrated through some case studies.

Palaniswamy, Hariharasudhan [Altair, 1820 East Big Beaver Road, Troy, MI 48083 (United States); Mondalek, Pamela; Wronski, Maciek [Altair Development France, Sophia Antipolis Cedex 06903 (France); Roy, Subir [Altair, 1820 East Big Beaver Road, Troy, MI 48083 (France)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

40

Hardening neutron spectrum for advanced actinide transmutation experiments in the ATR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......constant neutron-flux field, the fission power is...over the neutron energy range 0...the neutron spectrum such that all the thermal neutrons...Nuclear Energy-Engineering...fraction of neutron induced gamma-heat...Hardening neutron spectrum for advanced...shorter-lived fission products...performed in a thermal test reactor......

G. S. Chang; R. G. Ambrosek

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Kinetics of self-interstitial cluster aggregation near dislocations and their influence on hardening  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­depinning motion of dislocations in irradiated materials; and (3) estimation of the radiation hard- ening effects of SIA clusters in the cloud region are studied for a variety of neutron displacement damage dose levels, most notably their influence on void swelling [2] and radiation hardening [3,4]. The interaction

Ghoniem, Nasr M.

42

Calculation of stress relaxation in a surface-hardened layer near the hole in the disk of a turbine in a gas-turbine engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1. A method was proposed for determining the fields of residual stresses and strains in a surface-hardened layer...

Yu. P. Samarin; E. V. Grinevich; L. A. Muratova; V. P. Radchenko

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Cyclic hardening and softening behavior of a fully annealed Zircaloy-4  

SciTech Connect

Polycrystalline metals with a hexagonal close-packed (HCP) crystalline structure show a unique deformation behavior and fracture characteristics under cyclic loading conditions. As the HCP materials have limited slip systems and a tendency to develop a preferred orientation (texture), they show deformation anisotropy resulting from the texture during plastic deformation. Therefore, this anisotropy of the materials will affect not only the fatigue crack initiation/growth process but also the stress responses due to the increase in the slip irreversibility. It is well known that the fully annealed metals usually cyclically harden not soften. However, the initial cyclic hardening followed by softening in the higher strain ranges and the only cyclic softening to fracture in the lower strain ranges were observed in the fully annealed Zircaloy-4. This paper is proposing a new model to explain such cyclic behavior in Zircaloy-4 in terms of texture change during fatigue.

Lee, D.H. (Korea Atomic Energy Research Inst., Taejon (Korea, Republic of)); Kwun, S.I. (Korea Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of). Dept. of Metallurgical Engineering)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Hardening Neutron Spectrum for Advanced Actinides Transmutation Experiments in the ATR  

SciTech Connect

The most effective method for transmuting long-lived isotopes contained in spent nuclear fuel into shorter-lived fission products is in a fast neutron spectrum reactor. In the absence of a fast rest reactor in the United States, initial irradiation testing of candidate fuels can be performed in a thermal test reactor that has been modified to produce a test region with a hardened neutron spectrum. Such a test facility, with a spectrum similar but somewhat softer than that of the liquid-metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR), has been constructed in the INEEL's Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). The radial fission power distribution of the actinide fuel pin, which is an important parameter in fission gas released modelling, needs to be accurately predicted and the hardened neturon spectrum in the ATR and the LMFBR fast neutron spectrum is compared. The comparison analyses in this study are peformed using MCWO, a well-developed tool that couples the Monte Carlo transport code MCNP with the isotope depletion and build-up code ORIGEN-2. MCWO analysis yields time-dependent and neutron-spectrum-dependent minor actinide and Pu concentrations and detailed radial fission power profile calculations for a typical fast reactor (LMFBR) neutron spectrum and the hardened neturon spectrum test region in the ATR. The MCWO-calculated results indicate that the cadmium basket used in the advanced fuel test assembly in the ATR can effectively depress the linear heat generation rate in the experimental fuels and harden the neutron spectrum in the test region.

G. S. Chang; R. G. Ambrosek

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Revealing cyclic hardening mechanism of a TRIP steel by real-time in situ neutron diffraction  

SciTech Connect

Real-time in situ neutron diffraction was performed on a transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) steel under cyclic loading at room temperature. By Rietveld refinement and single peak analysis, the volume fraction and average stress estimates as well as dislocation density of individual phases (austenite and martensite phase) were derived. The results reveal that the volume fraction of martensite phase, instead of individual phase strengthening, should be accounted for the remarkable secondary cyclic hardening.

Yu, Dunji [ORNL; An, Ke [ORNL; Chen, Yan [ORNL; Chen, Xu [Tianjin UNiversity, China

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Cadmium Depletion Impacts on Hardening Neutron6 Spectrum for Advanced Fuel Testing in ATR  

SciTech Connect

For transmuting long-lived isotopes contained in spent nuclear fuel into shorter-lived fission products effectively is in a fast neutron spectrum reactor. In the absence of a fast spectrum test reactor in the United States of America (USA), initial irradiation testing of candidate fuels can be performed in a thermal test reactor that has been modified to produce a test region with a hardened neutron spectrum. A test region is achieved with a Cadmium (Cd) filter which can harden the neutron spectrum to a spectrum similar (although still somewhat softer) to that of the liquid metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR). A fuel test loop with a Cd-filter has been installed within the East Flux Trap (EFT) of the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). A detailed comparison analyses between the cadmium (Cd) filter hardened neutron spectrum in the ATR and the LMFBR fast neutron spectrum have been performed using MCWO. MCWO is a set of scripting tools that are used to couple the Monte Carlo transport code MCNP with the isotope depletion and buildup code ORIGEN-2.2. The MCWO-calculated results indicate that the Cd-filter can effectively flatten the Rim-Effect and reduce the linear heat rate (LHGR) to meet the advanced fuel testing project requirements at the beginning of irradiation (BOI). However, the filtering characteristics of Cd as a strong absorber quickly depletes over time, and the Cd-filter must be replaced for every two typical operating cycles within the EFT of the ATR. The designed Cd-filter can effectively depress the LHGR in experimental fuels and harden the neutron spectrum enough to adequately flatten the Rim Effect in the test region.

Gray S. Chang

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Surface hardening of metallic alloys by electrospark deposition followed by plasma nitriding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of a study concerned with the surface hardening of nonferrous and ferrous alloys, by integrating the electrospark deposition and plasma nitriding processes. Specimens of an aluminium bronze and of a grey cast iron were firstly electrospark coated with AISI-304 stainless steel and, then, ion nitrided in a 25%N2 + 75%H2 dc plasma. It is shown that by using these two treatments, the surface hardness of this two materials can be substantially increased.

M.A. Béjar; W. Schnake; W. Saavedra; J.P. Vildósola

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Cell design modifications to harden a N-channel power IGBT against single event latchup  

SciTech Connect

Device simulator is used to analyze the heavy ion induced failure mechanism in Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBTs) and to investigate hardening solutions. Single Event Latchup was already identified as the failure mechanism. Lateral and vertical modifications of the P{sup +} plug are proposed to reduce the efficiency of the parasitic thyristor, responsible for the latchup, and validated by 2D-simulations on a N-channel IGBT cell structure.

Lorfevre, E.; Sagnes, B.; Bruguier, G.; Palau, J.M.; Gasiot, J.; Calvet, M.C.; Ecoffet, R.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

A STATISTICAL STUDY OF THE SPECTRAL HARDENING OF CONTINUUM EMISSION IN SOLAR FLARES  

SciTech Connect

The observed hard X-ray and {gamma}-ray continuum in solar flares is interpreted as Bremsstrahlung emission of accelerated non-thermal electrons. It has been noted for a long time that in many flares the energy spectra show hardening at energies around or above 300 keV. In this paper, we first conduct a survey of spectral hardening events that were previously studied in the literature. We then perform a systematic examination of 185 flares from the Solar Maximum Mission. We identify 23 electron-dominated events whose energy spectra show clear double power laws. A statistical study of these events shows that the spectral index below the break ({gamma}{sub 1}) anti-correlates with the break energy ({epsilon}{sub b}). Furthermore, {gamma}{sub 1} also anti-correlates with Fr, the fraction of photons above the break compared to the total photons. A hardening spectrum, as well as the correlations between ({gamma}{sub 1}, {epsilon}{sub b}) and ({gamma}{sub 1}, Fr), provide stringent constraints on the underlying electron acceleration mechanism. Our results support a recent proposal that electrons are being accelerated diffusively at a flare termination shock with a width of the order of an ion inertial length scale.

Kong, X.; Chen, Y. [Institute of Space Sciences and School of Space Science and Physics, Shandong University, Weihai 264209 (China); Li, G., E-mail: xl_kong@hotmail.com, E-mail: gang.li@uah.edu [Department of Physics and CSPAR, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States)

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

50

Deteriorated hardened cement paste structure analyzed by XPS and {sup 29}Si NMR techniques  

SciTech Connect

In this report, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and {sup 29}Si-MAS-NMR was used for the evaluation of deteriorated hardened cement pastes. The deterioration by ammonium nitrate solution was accompanied by changes in the pore structure as well as by structural changes in the C–S–H in the hardened cement paste. The CaO/SiO{sub 2} ratio of the C–S–H decreased with the progress of deterioration, there was also polymerization of the silicate in the C–S–H. It was confirmed that the degree of polymerization of silicate of the C–S–H in hardened cement paste can be determined by XPS. It was also shown that the polymerization depends on the structure of the C–S–H. -- Highlights: •The polymerization of silicate of the C–S–H in the HCP can be observed by XPS. •The structure of C–S–H changed with the degree of calcium leaching. •The NMR result about silicate in C–S–H was in good agreement with the XPS result.

Kurumisawa, Kiyofumi, E-mail: kurumi@eng.hokudai.ac.jp [Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Japan, Kita 13, Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628 (Japan)] [Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Japan, Kita 13, Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628 (Japan); Nawa, Toyoharu [Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Japan, Kita 13, Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628 (Japan)] [Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Japan, Kita 13, Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628 (Japan); Owada, Hitoshi [Radioactive Waste Management Funding and Research Center, 1-15-7 Tsukishima, Chuo-ku, Tokyo (Japan)] [Radioactive Waste Management Funding and Research Center, 1-15-7 Tsukishima, Chuo-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Shibata, Masahito [Taiheiyo Consultant Co., Ltd., 2-4-2, Ohsaku, Sakura-City, Chiba (Japan)] [Taiheiyo Consultant Co., Ltd., 2-4-2, Ohsaku, Sakura-City, Chiba (Japan)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

Development of microstructure and irradiation hardening of Zircaloy during low dose neutron irradiation at nominally 358 C  

SciTech Connect

Wrought Zircaloy-2 and Zircaloy-4 were neutron irradiated at nominally 358 C in the high flux isotope reactor (HFIR) at relatively low neutron fluences between 5.8 1022 and 2.9 1025 n/m2 (E > 1 MeV). The irradiation hardening and change in microstructure were characterized following irradiation using tensile testing and examinations of microstructure using Analytical Electron Microscopy (AEM). Small increments of dose (0.0058, 0.11, 0.55, 1.08, and 2.93 1025 n/m2) were used in the range where the saturation of irradiation hardening is typically observed so that the role of microstructure evolution and hai loop formation on irradiation hardening could be correlated. An incubation dose between 5.8 1023 and 1.1 1024 n/m2 was needed for loop nucleation to occur that resulted in irradiation hardening. Increases in yield strength were consistent with previous results in this temperature regime, and as expected less irradiation hardening and lower hai loop number density values than those generally reported in literature for irradiations at 260 326 C were observed. Unlike previous lower temperature data, there is evidence in this study that the irradiation hardening can decrease with dose over certain ranges of fluence. Irradiation induced voids were observed in very low numbers in the Zircaloy-2 materials at the highest fluence.

Cockeram, Brian V [Bechtel-Bettis, Inc.; Smith, Richard W [Bechtel-Bettis, Inc.; Leonard, Keith J [ORNL; Byun, Thak Sang [ORNL; Snead, Lance Lewis [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Impact resistance and energy absorption of regular and functionally graded hexagonal honeycombs with cell wall material strain hardening  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper highlights the effects of cell wall material strain hardening and density functional gradation (FG) on in-plane constant-velocity dynamic crushing response and impact behavior of hexagonal honeycombs. Results show that cell wall material strain hardening influences the distinct deformation modes induced by crushing velocity generally observed in regular hexagonal honeycombs. This is seen by a delay in the onset of localized deformation up until intermediate crushing velocities after which localization becomes dominant smearing out differences brought about by cell wall material strain hardening (plasticity convergence). In addition, during the impact loading on regular honeycombs, it was found that increasing the cell wall material strain hardening decreases the rate of gain of maximum crushing strain with increments in initial kinetic energy of impact. On the other hand, introducing FG brings about new deformation patterns due to changes in material distribution and preferential cell wall collapse of the weaker members. Interestingly, although the dynamic localization effect at higher crushing velocities observed earlier was not found to be particularly affected by FG, gradient convergence (i.e. smearing out the effects of FG due to higher velocities analogous to plasticity convergence) was not observed. On the contrary, gradient convergence emerged at higher impacting velocities primarily brought about by a combination of initial deformation localization and its subsequent advancement into FG region ahead. The kinetic energy threshold for the emergence of this gradient convergence effect was found to be considerably delayed by cell wall material strain hardening.

D. Mousanezhad; R. Ghosh; A. Ajdari; A.M.S. Hamouda; H. Nayeb-Hashemi; A. Vaziri

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Proposed radiation hardened mobile vehicle for Chernobyl dismantlement and nuclear accident response  

SciTech Connect

Researchers are developing a radiation hardened, Telerobotic Dismantling System (TDS) to remediate the Chernobyl facility. To withstand the severe radiation fields, the robotic system, will rely on electrical motors, actuators, and relays proven in the Chernobyl power station. Due to its dust suppression characteristics and ability to cut arbitrary materials the authors propose using a water knife as the principle tool to slice up the large fuel containing masses. The front end of the robot will use a minimum number of moving parts by locating most of the susceptible and bulky components outside the work area. Hardened and shielded video cameras will be designed for remote control and viewing of the robotic functions. Operators will supervise and control robot movements based on feedback from a suite of sensory systems that would include vision systems, radiation detection and measurement systems and force reflection systems. A gripper will be instrumented with a variety of sensors (e.g. force, torque, or tactile), allowing varying debris surface properties to be grasped. The gripper will allow the operator to manipulate and segregate debris items without entering the radiologically and physically dangerous dismantlement operations area. The robots will initially size reduce the FCM`s to reduce the primary sources of the airborne radionuclides. The robot will then remove the high level waste for packaging or decontamination, and storage nearby.

Rowland, M.S.; Holliday, M.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Karpachov, J.A. [Scientific Inst. of Special Mechanical Problems, Kiev (Ukraine). Polytechnical Inst.; Ivanov, A. [Interbranch Scientific and Technical Center, Chernobyl (Ukraine)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Other Hydrothermal Alteration Products | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

alterations compose the landscape at Kerlingarfjoll Geothermal area, Iceland. Photo by Darren Atkins User-specified field for unlisted hydrothermal alteration products....

55

Lithology and alteration mineralogy of reservoir rocks at Coso Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lithology and alteration mineralogy of reservoir rocks at Coso Geothermal Lithology and alteration mineralogy of reservoir rocks at Coso Geothermal Area, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Lithology and alteration mineralogy of reservoir rocks at Coso Geothermal Area, California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Coso is one of several high-temperature geothermal systems associated with recent volcanic activity in the Basin and Range province. Chemical and fluid inclusion data demonstrate that production is from a narrow, asymmetric plume of thermal water that originates from a deep reservoir to the south and then flows laterally to the north. Geologic controls on the geometry of the upwelling plume were investigated using petrographic and analytical analyses of reservoir rock and vein material.

56

Influence of Heat Treatment on Mercury Cavitation Resistance of Surface Hardened 316LN Stainless Steel  

SciTech Connect

The cavitation-erosion resistance of carburized 316LN stainless steel was significantly degraded but not destroyed by heat treatment in the temperature range 500-800 C. The heat treatments caused rejection of some carbon from the carburized layer into an amorphous film that formed on each specimen surface. Further, the heat treatments encouraged carbide precipitation and reduced hardness within the carburized layer, but the overall change did not reduce surface hardness fully to the level of untreated material. Heat treatments as short as 10 min at 650 C substantially reduced cavitation-erosion resistance in mercury, while heat treatments at 500 and 800 C were found to be somewhat less detrimental. Overall, the results suggest that modest thermal excursions perhaps the result of a weld made at some distance to the carburized material or a brief stress relief treatment will not render the hardened layer completely ineffective but should be avoided to the greatest extent possible.

Pawel, Steven J [ORNL; Hsu, Julia [Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

A single hardening elasto-plastic model for Kaolin clay with loading-history-dependent plastic potential function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A single hardening elasto-plastic model for Kaolin clay with loading-history- dependent plastic and failure criteria are found to be strongly dependent on the principal stress rotation angle () and plastic work. A unique plastic potential function determined solely by the current stress state

Prashant, Amit

58

Stress development and shape change during press-hardening process using phase-transformation-based finite element analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Elastically driven shape change, or springback, in a press-hardened U-channel part made from a tailor-welded blank (TWB) was simulated using a fully coupled thermo-mechanical–metallurgical finite element (FE) method. The TWB consists of boron steel and high-strength low-alloy steel, which have significantly different hardenabilities. A combined implicit–explicit three-step simulation consisting of air cooling, forming and die quenching, and springback was used for computational efficiency. All the required material models such as the modified phase-transformation kinetics and phase-transformation-related stress-update scheme were implemented in the FE software ABAQUS with the user-defined subroutines UMAT, VUMAT, and HETVAL. The developed FE procedure, including the material models, satisfactorily predicted the experimentally measured shape changes of the TWB part. Here we present an in-depth analysis of the residual stress development during forming and die quenching using different material modeling schemes. It should be noted that the stress evolution of the two materials with high and low hardenabilities were significantly different depending on the phase transformation kinetics during forming and quenching. Moreover, in order to enhance the prediction capability of the press-hardening simulations, it was essential to include the phase-transformation-related strains in the material model.

H.H. Bok; J.W. Choi; D.W. Suh; M.G. Lee; F. Barlat

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Vacancy hardening in single-crystal TiNx,,001... layers C.-S. Shin, D. Gall,a)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vacancy hardening in single-crystal TiNx,,001... layers C.-S. Shin, D. Gall,a) N. Hellgren, J; accepted 27 February 2003 We investigate the effect of N vacancies on the mechanical properties are entirely due to anion vacancies. Hardness values increase continuously, while the elastic modulus decreases

Gall, Daniel

60

Generation and distortion of Rb/Sr whole-rock isochrons; effects of metamorphism and alteration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...alteration hydrothen. alteration hydrotheoi. alteration low teiper. alteration low temper, alteration low temper, alteration low teiper. alteration low temper, alteration low teiper. alteration unrealistic low Sr-ini. alteration DELHAL...

Helmuth Hradetzky; Hans J. Lippolt

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Near-field/altered-zone models report  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy is studying Yucca Mountain as the possible site for the first underground repository for permanent disposal of spent fuel from commercial nuclear reactors as well as for other types high-level nuclear waste. Emplacement of high-level radioactive waste, especially commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF), in Yucca Mountain will release a large amount of heat into the rock above and below the repository. The heating rate will decrease with time, creating a thermal pulse. Over a period of several thousand years, the rock temperature will rise initially, then drop when the production of decay heat falls below the rate at which heat escapes from the hot zone. Besides raising the rock temperature, much of this heat will vaporize water, which will then condense in cooler regions. The condensate is likely to form a gravity-driven heat pipe above the repository, creating the possibility that water may drain back onto the waste packages (WPs) or that it may ''shed'' through the pillars between emplacement drifts. The long-term importance of these effects has been investigated through the development, testing, and application of thermohydrologic (TH) models. Other effects, such coupled chemical and mechanical processes, may also influence the movement of water above, within, and below the emplacement drifts. A recent report on thermally driven coupled processes (Hardin and Chesnut, 1997) provides a qualitative assessment of the probable significance of these processes for the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMSCP) and is the phenomenological framework for the present report. This report describes the conceptual and numerical models that have been developed to predict the thermal, mechanical, hydrologic, and chemical responses to the cumulative heat production of the potential host rock at Yucca Mountain. As proposed, the repository horizon will be situated within the Topopah Spring tuff, in the adjacent middle nonlithophysal and lower lithophysal units. These units are made up of moderately to densely welded, devitrified, fractured tuff. The rock's chemical composition is comparable to that of typical granite, but has textural features and mineralogical characteristics of large-scale, silicic volcanism. Because the repository horizon will be approximately 300 m below the ground surface and 200 m above the water table, the repository will be partially saturated. The welded tuff matrix in the host units is highly impermeable, but water and gas flow readily through fractures. The degree of fracturing in these units is highly variable, and the hydrologic significance of fracturing is an important aspect of site investigation. This report describes the characterization and modeling of a region around the potential repository--the altered zone--a region in which the temperature will be increased significantly by waste-generated heat. Numerical simulation has shown that, depending on the boundary conditions, rock properties, and repository design features incorporated in the models, the altered zone (AZ) may extend from the water table to the ground surface. This report also describes models of the near field, the region comprising the repository emplacement drifts and the surrounding rock, which are critical to the performance of engineered components. Investigations of near-field and altered-zone (NF/AZ) processes support the design of underground repository facilities and engineered barriers and also provide constraint data for probabilistic calculations of waste-isolation performance (i.e., performance assessment). The approach to investigation, which is an iterative process involving hypothesis testing and experimentation, has relied on conceptualizing engineered barriers and on performance analysis. This report is a collection, emphasizing conceptual and numerical models, of the recent results contributed from studies of NF/AZ processes and of quantitative measures of NF/AZ performance. The selection and presentation of contributions are intended to show the iterative development of understand

Hardin, E. L., LLNL

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

CHEMICAL MARKETING  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CHEMICAL MARKETING ... The reason, I believe, is that the chemical industry has been blind (until very recently) to the need for paying attention to marketing. ... Its marketing needs are now like those of a mature—no longer a growing—industry. ...

1960-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

63

Hardness-based plasticity and fracture model for quench-hardenable boron steel (22MnB5)  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive strain hardening and fracture characterization of different grades of boron steel blanks has been performed, providing the foundation for the implementation into the modular material model (MMM) framework developed by Volkswagen Group Research for an explicit crash code. Due to the introduction of hardness-based interpolation rules for the characterized main grades, the hardening and fracture behavior is solely described by the underlying Vickers hardness. In other words, knowledge of the hardness distribution within a hot-formed component is enough to set up the newly developed computational model. The hardness distribution can be easily introduced via an experimentally measured hardness curve or via hardness mapping from a corresponding hot-forming simulation. For industrial application using rather coarse and computationally inexpensive shell element meshes, the user material model has been extended by a necking/post-necking model with reduced mesh-dependency as an additional failure mode. The present paper mainly addresses the necking/post-necking model.

Greve, L., E-mail: lars.greve@volkswagen.de; Medricky, M., E-mail: miloslav.medricky@volkswagen.de; Andres, M., E-mail: miloslav.medricky@volkswagen.de [Volkswagen AG, Letter Box 1777, Wolfsburg, 38436 (Germany); Eller, T. K., E-mail: tom.karl.eller@volkswagen.de [Volkswagen AG, Letter Box 1777, Wolfsburg, 38436, Germany, and University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede (Netherlands)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

64

Improvement in surface fatigue life of hardened gears by high-intensity shot peening  

SciTech Connect

Two groups of carburized, hardened, and ground spur gears that were manufactured from the same heat vacuum induction melted vacuum arc melted (VIM VAR) AISI 9310 steel were endurance tested for surface fatigue. Both groups were manufactured with a standard ground 16 rms surface finish. One group was subjected to a shot peening (SP) intensity of 7 to 9A, and the second group was subjected to a SP intensity of 15 to 17A. All gears were honed after SP to a surface finish of 16 rms. The gear pitch diameter was 8.89 cm. Test conditions were a maximum Hertz stress of 1.71 GPa, a gear temperature of 350 K, and a speed of 10000 rpm. The lubricant used for the tests was a synthetic paraffinic oil with an additive package. The following results were obtained: The 10 pct. surface fatigue (pitting) life of the high intensity (15 to 17A) SPed gears was 2.15 times that of the medium intensity (7 to 9A) SPed gears, the same as that calculated from measured residual stress at a depth of 127 microns. The measured residual stress for the high intensity SPed gears was 57 pct. higher than that for the medium intensity SPed gears at a depth of 127 microns and 540 pct. higher at a depth of 51 microns.

Townsend, D.P.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Determining the slag fraction, water/binder ratio and degree of hydration in hardened cement pastes  

SciTech Connect

A method for determining the original mix composition of hardened slag-blended cement-based materials based on analysis of backscattered electron images combined with loss on ignition measurements is presented. The method does not require comparison to reference standards or prior knowledge of the composition of the binders used. Therefore, it is well-suited for application to real structures. The method is also able to calculate the degrees of reaction of slag and cement. Results obtained from an experimental study involving sixty samples with a wide range of water/binder (w/b) ratios (0.30 to 0.50), slag/binder ratios (0 to 0.6) and curing ages (3 days to 1 year) show that the method is very promising. The mean absolute errors for the estimated slag, water and cement contents (kg/m{sup 3}), w/b and s/b ratios were 9.1%, 1.5%, 2.5%, 4.7% and 8.7%, respectively. 91% of the estimated w/b ratios were within 0.036 of the actual values. -- Highlights: •A new method for estimating w/b ratio and slag content in cement pastes is proposed. •The method is also able to calculate the degrees of reaction of slag and cement. •Reference standards or prior knowledge of the binder composition are not required. •The method was tested on samples with varying w/b ratios and slag content.

Yio, M.H.N., E-mail: marcus.yio11@imperial.ac.uk; Phelan, J.C.; Wong, H.S.; Buenfeld, N.R.

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Surface hardening of Fe-based alloy powders by Nd:YAG laser cladding followed by electrospark deposition with WC-Co cemented carbide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of a study concerned with the surface hardening of Fe-based alloys and WC-8Co cemented carbide by integrating laser cladding and the electrospark deposition processes. Specimens of...

Jiansheng Wang; Huimin Meng; Hongying Yu; Zishuan Fan; Dongbai Sun

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Soft Error Filtered and Hardened Latch Hossein Karimiyan Alidash * 1, Sayed Masoud Sayedi 1, Hossein Saidi 1, and Vojin G. Oklobdzija 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Hossein Saidi 1, and Vojin G. Oklobdzija 2 Abstract - this paper presents a low-power soft error- hardened Alidash*, Sayed Masoud Sayedi, Hossein Saidi are with the ECE Department of Isfahan Univ. of Tech

California at Davis, University of

68

Irradiation hardening in unalloyed and ODS molybdenum during low dose neutron irradiation at 300 and 600?C  

SciTech Connect

Unalloyed molybdenum and oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) molybdenum were irradiated at 300 C and 600 C in HFIR to neutron fluences of 0.2, 2.1, and 24.3 x 10{sup 24} n/m{sup 2} (E > 0.1 MeV). The size and number density of voids and loops as well as the measured irradiation hardening and electrical resistivity were found to increase sub-linearly with fluence. This supports the idea that the formation of the extended defects that produce irradiation hardening in molybdenum is the result of a nucleation and growth process rather than the formation of sessile defects directly from the displacement damage cascades. This conclusion is further supported by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of cascade damage. The unalloyed molybdenum had a low impurity interstitial content with less irradiation hardening and lower change in electrical resistivity than is observed for ODS Mo. This result suggests that high-purity can result in slightly improved resistance to irradiation embrittlement in molybdenum at low fluences.

Snead, Lance Lewis [ORNL; Byun, Thak Sang [ORNL; Leonard, Keith J [ORNL; Smith, Richard W [Bechtel-Bettis, Inc.; Cockeram, Brian V [Bechtel-Bettis, Inc.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Conservation Research and Development/ New Ultra-Low Carbon High Strength Steels with Improved Bake Hardenability for Enhanced Stretch Formability and Dent Resistance  

SciTech Connect

Conservation Research and Development/New Ultra-Low Carbon High Strength Steels with Improved Bake Hardenability for Enhanced Stretch Formability and Dent Resistance. The experimental work can be divided into four phases. In each phase, the materials were received or designed, processed and tested, to evaluate the BH increment or response, as a function of compositions and processing conditions. Microstructural characterization by various techniques was performed in order to gain insights into the mechanisms of flow stress increment by bake hardening.

Anthony J. DeArdo; C. Isaac Garcia

2003-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

Triclosan Impairs Swimming Behavior and Alters Expression of Excitation-Contraction Coupling Proteins in Fathead Minnow (Pimephales promelas)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Triclosan Impairs Swimming Behavior and Alters Expression of Excitation-Contraction Coupling Proteins in Fathead Minnow (Pimephales promelas) ... Triclosan (TCS), a high volume chemical widely used in consumer products, is a known aquatic contaminant found in fish inhabiting polluted watersheds. ... Triclosan (TCS) is a high volume chemical incorporated in many consumer products for its antibacterial properties. ...

Erika B. Fritsch; Richard E. Connon; Inge Werner; Rebecca E. Davies; Sebastian Beggel; Wei Feng; Isaac N. Pessah

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

71

Chemical Occurrences  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Classification of Chemical Occurrence Reports into the following four classes: Occurrences characterized by serious energy release, injury or exposure requiring medical treatment, or severe environmental damage, Occurrences characterized by minor injury or exposure, or reportable environmental release, Occurrences that were near misses including notable safety violations and Minor occurrences.

72

The Colorado River and its tributaries have undergone drastic alterations from their nat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Colorado River and its tributaries have undergone drastic alterations from their nat ural basin (Figure), the Colorado River has been changed from its natural state perhaps as much as any river laden with silt and chemical pollutants. The Gila River of Arizona, one of the Colorado's largest

73

Fumarolic Activity, Acid-Sulfate Alteration and High-Sulfidation Epithermal Precious Metal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

described in this thesis involved sampling and chemical analyses of the gases and their condensates (the and rock samples taken from the alteration center. Condensed fumarolic gases (pH ~ -0.5) released from condensed ~ 250 m beneath the floor of the pre-1817 crater at Kawah Ijen volcano. In the area near

74

Chemical Accelerators The phrase "chemical accelerators"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Meetings Chemical Accelerators The phrase "chemical accelerators" is scarcely older than for one or two dozen people grew to include nearly a hundred. Chemical accelerators is a name sug- gested-volt region. Thus chemical accelerators can provide the same type of information for elemen- tary chemical

Zare, Richard N.

75

Solid-State NMR Examination of Alteration Layers on a Nuclear Waste Glasses  

SciTech Connect

Solid-state NMR is a powerful tool for probing the role and significance of alteration layers in determining the kinetics for the corrosion of nuclear waste glass. NMR methods are used to probe the chemical structure of the alteration layers to elucidate information about their chemical complexity, leading to increased insight into the mechanism of altered layer formation. Two glass compositions were examined in this study: a glass preliminarily designed for nuclear waste immobilization (called AFCI) and a simplified version of this AFCI glass (which we call SA1R). Powdered glasses with controlled and known particles sizes were corroded at 90 °C for periods of one and five months with a surface-area to solution-volume ratio of 100,000 m-1. 1H-29Si CP-CPMG MAS NMR, 1H-27Al CP-MAS NMR, 1H-11B CP-MAS NMR, and 1H-23Na CP-MAS NMR experiments provide isolated structural information about the alteration layers, which differ in structure from that of the pristine glass. Both glasses studied here develop alteration layers composed primarily of [IV]Si species. Aluminum is also retained in the alteration layers, perhaps facilitated by the observed increase in coordination from [IV]Al to [VI]Al, which correlates with a loss of charge balancing cations. 1H-11B CP-MAS NMR observations indicated a retention of boron in hydrated glass layers, which has not been characterized by previous work. For the AFCI glass, secondary phase formation begins during the corrosion times considered here, and these neophases are detected within the alteration layers. We identify precursor phases as crystalline sodium metasilicates. An important finding is that layer thickness depends on the length of the initial alteration stages and varies only with respect to silicon species during the residual rate regime.

Murphy, Kelly A. [Penn State Univ., State College, PA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Washton, Nancy M. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Environmental Molecular Science Lab.; Ryan, Joseph V. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Pantano, Carlo G. [Penn State Univ., State College, PA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Mueller, Karl T. [Penn State Univ., State College, PA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Environmental Molecular Science Lab.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Aerogel composites using chemical vapor infiltration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aerogel composites using chemical vapor infiltration Aerogel composites using chemical vapor infiltration Title Aerogel composites using chemical vapor infiltration Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 1995 Authors Hunt, Arlon J., Michael R. Ayers, and Wanqing Cao Journal Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids Volume 185 Pagination 227-232 Abstract A new method to produce novel composite materials based on the use of aerogels as a starting material is described. Using chemical vapor infiltration, a variety of solid materials were thermally deposited into the open pore structure of aerogel. The resulting materials possess new and unusual properties including photoluminescence, magnetism and altered optical properties. An important characteristic of this preparation process is the very small size of the deposits that gives rise to new behaviors. Silicon deposits exhibit photoluminescence, indicating quantum confinement. Two or more phases may be deposited simultaneously and one or both chemically or thermally reacted to produce new structures.

77

Chemical Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical Science Chemical Science Compton double ionization of helium in the region of the cross-section maximum B. Krässig, R.W. Dunford, D.S. Gemmell, S. Hasegawa, E.P. Kanter, H. Schmidt-Böcking, W. Schmitt, S.H. Southworth, Th. Weber, and L. Young Crystal structure analysis of microporous Na16Nb12.8Ti3.2O44.8(OH)3.2l8H2O and Na/Nb/Zr/O/H2O phases A. Tripathi, J. Parise, M. Nyman, T.M. Nenoff, and W. Harrison Double K-photoionization of heavy atoms R.W. Dunford, D.S. Gemmell, E.P. Kanter, B. Krässig, and S.H. Southworth Forward-backward asymmetries of atomic photoelectrons S.H. Southworth, B. Krässig, E.P. Kanter, J.C. Bilheux, R.W. Dunford, D.S. Gemmell, S. Hasegawa, and L. Young In situreduction of various iron oxides to form high-surface-area Fe-metal catalysts as studied by high-resolution powder diffraction

78

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered cementitious materials Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

used in conjunction with polyelectrolytes... . Such qualities are critical for self-compacting engineered cementitious composites (SC-EECs), for example... in the hardened state,...

79

Hydrothermal alteration mineral mapping using hyperspectral imagery...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the intense alteration in this area and the presenceof cross-cutting faults indicate a high probability of recenthot fluid escape. Authors T. Kennedy-Bowdoin, B. A. Martini, E....

80

Solid-particle erosion of tungsten carbide/cobalt cermet vs. hardened AISI 440C stainless steel.  

SciTech Connect

Solid-particle erosion tests were conducted on hardened AISI 440C stainless steel and a cermet that consisted of {approx}90 vol.% submicrometer WC embedded in {approx}10 vol.% Co. Angular Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} abrasives were used as the erodent. Experimental variables were: angle of impact = 20, 50, or 90 degrees; erodent velocity = 60 or 120 m/s; erodent nominal diameter = 63 or 143 {micro}m. For all test conditions, the stainless steel eroded faster than the cermet. Analysis of weight-loss data and examination of eroded surfaces by scanning electron microscopy indicated that the erosion mechanisms were similar for the two hard materials. Both exhibited significant plasticity when impacted, but the stainless steel's response to impact appeared to have been more ductile in nature.

Rateick, R. G., Jr.; Karasek, K. R.; Cunningham, A.; Goretta, K. C.; Routbort, J. L.; Energy Technology; Honeywell

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Evaluation of the Leon3 soft-core processor within a Xilinx radiation-hardened field-programmable gate array.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to summarize the work done to evaluate the performance of the Leon3 soft-core processor in a radiation environment while instantiated in a radiation-hardened static random-access memory based field-programmable gate array. This evaluation will look at the differences between two soft-core processors: the open-source Leon3 core and the fault-tolerant Leon3 core. Radiation testing of these two cores was conducted at the Texas A&M University Cyclotron facility and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The results of these tests are included within the report along with designs intended to improve the mitigation of the open-source Leon3. The test setup used for evaluating both versions of the Leon3 is also included within this document.

Learn, Mark Walter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Laser Cladding of CPM Tool Steels on Hardened H13 Hot-Work Steel for Low-Cost High-Performance Automotive Tooling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper summarizes our research on laser cladding of high-vanadium CPM®...tool steels (3V, 9V, and 15V) onto the surfaces of low-cost hardened H13 hot-work tool steel to substantially enhance resistance agains...

J. Chen; L. Xue

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Argillic-Advanced Argillic Alteration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Argillic-Advanced Argillic Alteration Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Argillic-Advanced Argillic Alteration Dictionary.png Argillic-Advanced...

84

Additions, Alterations, and Repairs Introduction Page 8-1 8 Additions, Alterations, and Repairs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to a building's envelope, space-conditioning system, water-heating system or lighting system) to an existing building. If the skylight has a light well that cuts through an existing attic, the alteration. Adding a new greenhouse window to an existing building. This is an alteration rather than an addition

85

CAMD Cleanroom Chemical List  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CAMD Cleanroom Chemical List Chemicals on this list are routine use chemicals in the CAMD Cleanroom and are available to users for general use. All others (*) are approved for use...

86

chemical analysis | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

chemical analysis chemical analysis Leads No leads are available at this time. Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted silicon carbide. Abstract: As a...

87

TRENDS in Chemical Marketing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TRENDS in Chemical Marketing ... BEFORE any chemical sales organization, can meet or establish new trends in marketing, it must be completely aware of the problem it faces. ...

W. M. RUSSELL

1955-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

88

Mass Spectral Evidence That Small Changes in Composition Caused by Oxidative Aging Processes Alter Aerosol CCN Properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mass Spectral Evidence That Small Changes in Composition Caused by Oxidative Aging Processes Alter that small changes in particle chemical composition caused by oxidation could increase the CCN activity increased cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) activity compared to their hydro- phobic counterparts. At present

89

Chemical Safety Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Program Home Chemical Safety Topical Committee Library Program Contacts Related Links Site Map Tools 2013 Chemical Safety Workshop Archived Workshops Contact Us Health and Safety HSS Logo Chemical Safety Program logo The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Chemical Safety web pages provide a forum for the exchange of best practices, lessons learned, and guidance in the area of chemical management. This page is supported by the Chemical Safety Topical Committee which was formed to identify chemical safety-related issues of concern to the DOE and pursue solutions to issues identified. Noteworthy products are the Chemical Management Handbooks and the Chemical Lifecycle Cost Analysis Tool, found under the TOOLS menu. Chemical Management Handbook Vol (1) Chemical Management Handbook Vol (2)

90

Microstructural characteristics of the built up layer of a precipitation hardened nickel based superalloy by electrospark deposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Buildup of precipitation hardened nickel base superalloys by electro spark deposition due to the low heat input of the process has many attractions. Characterization of the microstructure of the ESD built up layer of IN738LC over an as-cast base metal is accomplished in this work. The grain structure and solidification texture of the coating are investigated by orientation imaging microscopy (OIM), optical and scanning electron microscopy. It is shown that the deposited layer is formed mainly through epitaxial nucleation and growth on the base metal structure while discontinuities acting as nucleation sites produce fine grains with independent orientations. It is shown that such independent grains can have a significant role in improving the integrity of the ESD built up layer, since they can act as crack arrest sites and make the coating more resistant to the propagation of liquation and solidification fissures. Moreover, it is found that nanosized ?? precipitates exist in the coating indicating the high tendency of ?? for precipitation even in the extremely high cooling rates involved in the ESD process. Hardness measurements indicated a higher hardness for the built up layer which is attributable to the finer microstructure of the coating.

M. Ebrahimnia; F. Malek Ghaini; Y.J. Xie; H. Shahverdi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Effects of alloy composition and strain hardening on tensile fracture of hydrogen-precharged type 316 stainless steels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of type 316 stainless steels in gaseous hydrogen infrastructure motivated this work on hydrogen-assisted fracture. The tensile ductility of type 316 stainless steel is reduced by internal hydrogen contents of 136 wppm that have been generated by thermal precharging in hydrogen gas, although these reductions of ductility tend to be modest for both annealed and strain-hardened microstructures. Consistent with the relatively high ductility of both hydrogen-precharged and non-charged specimens, the tensile fracture modes involve plasticity mechanisms. However, internal hydrogen enhances void nucleation by lowering the interface strength at particles and/or by promoting slip localization. High nickel content in type 316 stainless steels appears to offer greater resistance to hydrogen-assisted fracture; in particular, nickel plays an important role in deformation processes that affect hydrogen-assisted fracture. Carbon was found to have no measurable effect on hydrogen-assisted fracture, although it is expected to contribute to stabilizing type 316 stainless steel with respect to the formation of strain-induced martensite.

C. San Marchi; B.P. Somerday; X. Tang; G.H. Schiroky

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Solid-state NMR examination of alteration layers on nuclear waste glasses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a powerful tool for probing the role and significance of alteration layers in determining the kinetics for the corrosion of nuclear waste glass. NMR methods are used to probe the chemical structure of the alteration layers to elucidate information about their chemical complexity, leading to increased insight into the mechanism of altered layer formation. Two glass compositions were examined in this study: a glass preliminarily designed for nuclear waste immobilization (called AFCI) and a simplified version of this AFCI glass (which we call SA1R). Powdered glasses with controlled and known particle sizes were corroded in ASTM type I water at 90 °C for periods of one and five months with a glass surface-area to solution-volume ratio of 100,000 m? 1. 1H–29Si cross-polarization Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (CP-CPMG) magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR, 1H–27Al CP-MAS NMR, 1H–11B CP-MAS NMR, and 1H–23Na CP-MAS NMR experiments provided isolated structural information about the alteration layers, which differ in structure from that of the pristine glass. Both glasses studied here develop alteration layers composed primarily of [IV]Si species. Aluminum is also retained in the alteration layers, perhaps facilitated by the observed increase in coordination from [IV]Al to [VI]Al, which correlates with a loss of charge balancing cations. The mechanism of increasing coordination appears to occur through an unstable [V]Al intermediate. 1H–11B CP-MAS NMR observations indicated a retention of boron in the hydrated glass layers, which has not been characterized by previous work. For the AFCI glass, secondary phase formation begins during the corrosion times considered here, and these new phases are detected within the alteration layers. We identify new phases (termed as precursor phases) as crystalline sodium metasilicates. An important finding is that simple glass compositions, while providing general trends about the formation of alteration layers, do not account for all of the various reaction products that occur in the corrosion of more complex nuclear waste glass compositions.

Kelly A. Murphy; Nancy M. Washton; Joseph V. Ryan; Carlo G. Pantano; Karl T. Mueller

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Chemical Management Contacts  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Contacts for additional information on Chemical Management and brief description on Energy Facility Contractors Group

94

About Chemical Hazards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical Hazards Chemical Hazards What Is a Chemical Hazard? chemical hazards.jpg A chemical hazard is any substance that can cause harm, primarily to people. Chemicals of all kinds are stored in our homes and can result in serious injuries if not properly handled. Household items such as bleach can result in harmful chlorine gas or hydrochloric acid if carelessly used. Gasoline fumes from containers for lawnmowers or boats can result in major health hazards if inhaled. DOE Oak Ridge uses thousands of chemicals in its varied research and other operations. New chemicals are or can be created as a result of the research or other activities. DOE follows national safety requirements in storing and handling these chemicals to minimize the risk of injuries from its chemical usage. However, accidents can occur despite careful attention to proper handling and storage procedures.

95

Development of Irradiation hardening of Unalloyed and ODS molybdenum during neurtron irradiation to low doses at 300C and 600C  

SciTech Connect

Unalloyed molybdenum and Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (ODS) molybdenum were irradiated at 300 C and 600 C in the high flux isotope reactor (HFIR) to neutron fluences of 0.2, 2.1, and 24.3 x 10{sup 24} n/m{sup 2} (E > 0.1 MeV), producing damage levels of 0.01, 0.1 and 1.3 Mo-dpa. Hardness measurements, electrical resistivity measurements, tensile testing, and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) were used to assess the defect structure. Irradiation hardening was evident even at a damage level of 0.01 dpa resulting in a significant increase in yield stress, decrease in ductility, and elevation of the Ductile-to-Brittle Transition Temperature (DBTT). The observed size and number density of voids and loops as well as the measured irradiation hardening and electrical resistivity were found to increase sub-linearly with fluence over the range of exposure investigated. This supports the idea that the formation of the extended defects that produce irradiation hardening in molybdenum are the result of a nucleation and growth process rather than the formation of sessile defects directly from the displacement damage cascades. The formation of sessile defect clusters in the displacement cascade would be expected to result in a linear fluence dependence for the number density of defects followed by saturation at fluences less than 1-dpa. This conclusion is supported by Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations of cascade damage which do not reveal large clusters forming directly as a result of the short-term collapse of the cascade. The finer grain size for the unalloyed Mo and ODS Mo compared to Low Carbon Arc Cast molybdenum results in slightly less irradiation hardening and slightly lower DBTT values. The unalloyed molybdenum used in this work had a low impurity interstitial content that correlates with a slightly lower void size and void number density, less irradiation hardening and lower change in electrical resistivity in this fluence range than is observed for ODS Mo. Although the differences are relatively subtle, this result does suggest that high purity can result in slightly improved resistance to irradiation embrittlement in molybdenum at low fluences.

B. V. Cockeran, R. W. Smith, L.L. Snead

2007-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

96

Alteration of volcaniclastic debris and basalts in a submarine remnant arc: deep sea drilling project site 448, Palau-Kyushu Ridge, Philippine Sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of i. terstial water, (c) ". ates and depths of burial, (d) geothermal and pressure gradiencs, (e) interstitial fluid flow rates, and (f) tectonic stresses. There have been few complete studies made on the mineralogical and chemical alteration... (Karig, 1975b; Scott, et al. , 1981). Presumably the thermal alteration process that affected the arc during the initial stages of arc formation must have died out soon after the cessation of volcanism. Hopefuliy a lowering of geothermal gradients...

Aldrich, Jeffrey Brooks

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

97

Digital Photography and the Ethics of Photo Alteration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and summarizes debates surrounding specific digitally altered images and the public’s and governing bodies’ responses to these alterations. Finally, digital photography’s position as a new medium or an extension of existing photographic means is considered...

Schiller, Aschley

2008-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

98

The curing of asphalt with rubber and its effect on the physical and chemical properties of asphalt-rubber binders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this research was to develop a potentially useful asphalt-rubber binder using the curing process. For the curing process, six parameters, which altered the physical and chemical properties of the asphalt-rubber binder, were tested...

Chun, Jay Sung

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Capacitive chemical sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microfabricated capacitive chemical sensor can be used as an autonomous chemical sensor or as an analyte-sensitive chemical preconcentrator in a larger microanalytical system. The capacitive chemical sensor detects changes in sensing film dielectric properties, such as the dielectric constant, conductivity, or dimensionality. These changes result from the interaction of a target analyte with the sensing film. This capability provides a low-power, self-heating chemical sensor suitable for remote and unattended sensing applications. The capacitive chemical sensor also enables a smart, analyte-sensitive chemical preconcentrator. After sorption of the sample by the sensing film, the film can be rapidly heated to release the sample for further analysis. Therefore, the capacitive chemical sensor can optimize the sample collection time prior to release to enable the rapid and accurate analysis of analytes by a microanalytical system.

Manginell, Ronald P; Moorman, Matthew W; Wheeler, David R

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

100

Chemicals from Metabolic Pathways  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A few basic raw materials, petroleum, natural gas, +S from oil or natural gas, and O2 + N2 from air, generate first primary (or platform) chemicals, next secondary (commodity) chemicals, then intermediates, and f...

John Villadsen; Jens Nielsen; Gunnar Lidén

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Chemistry 455 Chemical Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemistry 455 Chemical Nanotechnology 4 units Prof. Richard Brutchey, Fall 2014 (Lecture = 12:00�12:50 pm MWF) CHEM 455 is an upper-division undergraduate course in Chemical Nanotechnology. The intent

Rohs, Remo

102

Chemicals and health  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemicals and health ... I must add here that some chemicals are indeed dangerous in the environment, largely because they persist, they don't break down, and they can therefore build up in the food chain. ...

1980-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

103

Biobased Chemicals Without Biomass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Unlike most other companies using biology to make chemicals, LanzaTech does not rely on biomass feedstocks. ...

MELODY BOMGARDNER

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

104

Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Chemical Processes ICEHT Jump to: navigation, search Name: Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical Processes (ICEHT) Place: Hellas, Greece Zip:...

105

HARVARD UNIVERSITY CHEMICAL BIOLOGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HARVARD UNIVERSITY CHEMICAL BIOLOGY PHD PROGRAM 2013-2014 Student Handbook #12;Program Contacts at the beginning of each semester. Laboratory Rotations Students in the Chemical Biology Program are expected an interest in having Chemical Biology Program Students in their labs. Students may rotate in the labs

Church, George M.

106

Computational Chemical Materials Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Thermal barrier coatings, wear resistance coatings, radiation resistant materials · Materials for opticalHome Computational Chemical and Materials Engineering Tahir Cagin Chemical Engineering Department to understand behavior and properties of materials as a function of ­ Chemical constitution ­ Composition

107

Poiseuille Advection of Chemical Reaction Fronts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Poiseuille flow between parallel plates alters the shapes and velocities of chemical reaction fronts. In the narrow-gap limit, the cubic reaction-diffusion-advection equation predicts a front-velocity correction equal to the gap-averaged fluid velocity ?. In the singular wide-gap limit, the correction equals the midgap fluid velocity 3?/2 when the flow is in the direction of propagation of the reaction front, and equals zero for adverse flow of any amplitude for which the front has a midgap cusp. Stationary fronts are possible only for adverse flow and finite gaps. Experiments are suggested.

Boyd F. Edwards

2002-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

108

American Chemical Society-Chinese Chemical Society Alliance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

American Chemical Society-Chinese Chemical Society Alliance ... The American Chemical Society and the Chinese Chemical Society (CCS) formed a three-year collaborative alliance in 2010 to address shared global concerns. ...

MARINDA LI WU; YAO JIANNIAN

2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

109

Chemical exchange program analysis.  

SciTech Connect

As part of its EMS, Sandia performs an annual environmental aspects/impacts analysis. The purpose of this analysis is to identify the environmental aspects associated with Sandia's activities, products, and services and the potential environmental impacts associated with those aspects. Division and environmental programs established objectives and targets based on the environmental aspects associated with their operations. In 2007 the most significant aspect identified was Hazardous Materials (Use and Storage). The objective for Hazardous Materials (Use and Storage) was to improve chemical handling, storage, and on-site movement of hazardous materials. One of the targets supporting this objective was to develop an effective chemical exchange program, making a business case for it in FY07, and fully implementing a comprehensive chemical exchange program in FY08. A Chemical Exchange Program (CEP) team was formed to implement this target. The team consists of representatives from the Chemical Information System (CIS), Pollution Prevention (P2), the HWMF, Procurement and the Environmental Management System (EMS). The CEP Team performed benchmarking and conducted a life-cycle analysis of the current management of chemicals at SNL/NM and compared it to Chemical Exchange alternatives. Those alternatives are as follows: (1) Revive the 'Virtual' Chemical Exchange Program; (2) Re-implement a 'Physical' Chemical Exchange Program using a Chemical Information System; and (3) Transition to a Chemical Management Services System. The analysis and benchmarking study shows that the present management of chemicals at SNL/NM is significantly disjointed and a life-cycle or 'Cradle-to-Grave' approach to chemical management is needed. This approach must consider the purchasing and maintenance costs as well as the cost of ultimate disposal of the chemicals and materials. A chemical exchange is needed as a mechanism to re-apply chemicals on site. This will not only reduce the quantity of unneeded chemicals and the amount spent on new purchases, but will also avoid disposal costs. If SNL/NM were to realize a 5 percent reduction in chemical inventory and a 10 percent reduction in disposal of unused chemicals the total savings would be $189, 200 per year.

Waffelaert, Pascale

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Hydraulic characterization of hydrothermally altered Nopal tuff  

SciTech Connect

Understanding the mechanics of variably saturated flow in fractured-porous media is of fundamental importance to evaluating the isolation performance of the proposed high-level radioactive waste repository for the Yucca Mountain site. Developing that understanding must be founded on the analysis and interpretation of laboratory and field data. This report presents an analysis of the unsaturated hydraulic properties of tuff cores from the Pena Blanca natural analog site in Mexico. The basic intent of the analysis was to examine possible trends and relationships between the hydraulic properties and the degree of hydrothermal alteration exhibited by the tuff samples. These data were used in flow simulations to evaluate the significance of a particular conceptual (composite) model and of distinct hydraulic properties on the rate and nature of water flow.

Green, R.T.; Meyer-James, K.A. [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX (United States); Rice, G. [George Rice and Associates, San Antonio, TX (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Method and apparatus for altering material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus for thermally altering the near surface characteristics of a material are described. In particular, a repetitively pulsed ion beam system comprising a high energy pulsed power source and an ion beam generator are described which are capable of producing single species high voltage ion beams (0.25-2.5 MeV) at 1-1000 kW average power and over extended operating cycles (10.sup.8). Irradiating materials with such high energy, repetitively pulsed ion beams can yield surface treatments including localized high temperature anneals to melting, both followed by rapid thermal quenching to ambient temperatures to achieve both novel and heretofore commercially unachievable physical characteristics in a near surface layer of material.

Stinnett, Regan W. (Albuquerque, NM); Greenly, John B. (Lansing, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Chemical Structure and Dynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2154-3 2154-3 UC-400 Annual Report 2000 Chemical Structure and Dynamics Steven D. Colson, Associate Director Robin S. McDowell, Program Manager and the Staff of the Chemical Structure and Dynamics Program April 2001 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC06-76RL01830 Chemical Structure and Dynamics 2000 Annual Report Contents Chemical Structure and Dynamics 2000 Annual Report Chemical Structure and Dynamics 2000 Annual Report 1. Introduction Chemical Structure and Dynamics Program......................................................... 1-3 2. Reaction Mechanisms at Liquid Interfaces Structure and Reactivity of Ice Surfaces and Interfaces G. A. Kimmel, Z. Dohnálek, K. P. Stevenson, R. S. Smith,

113

CHEMICAL UNIONS FORM ALLIANCE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CHEMICAL UNIONS FORM ALLIANCE ... The Paper, Allied-Industrial, Chemical & Energy "Workers International Union (PACE) and the United Steelworkers of America (USWA) are industrial unions that have similar histories and many chemical and petroleum industry members, say union officials. ... PACE has created strategic alliances with several companies, said PACE President Boydlfoung in a statement, adding that it made sense to try the same thing with other unions. ...

2004-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

114

Chemicals (2010 MECS)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Chemicals Sector (NAICS 325) Energy use data source: 2010 EIA MECS (with adjustments) Footprint Last Revised: February 2014

115

Biomass pyrolysis for chemicals.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biomass Pyrolysis for Chemicals The problems associated with the use of fossil fuels demand a transition to renewable sources (sun, wind, water, geothermal, biomass) for… (more)

Wild, Paul de

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES ... Compiled from weekly current price listings in the Oil, Paint and Drug Reporter , with permission of the publisher under its copyright. ...

1941-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

117

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES ... Compiled from weakly current price listings in the Oil, Paint and Drug Reporter, with permission of the publisher under its copyright. ...

1941-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

118

Chemical Market Prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemical Market Prices ... Compiled from weekly current price listings in the Oil, Paint and Drug Reporter with permission of the publisher under its copyright. ...

1945-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

119

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES ... Compiled from weekly current price listings in the Oil, Paint and Drug Reporter, with permission of the publisher under its copyright. ...

1941-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

120

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES ... Compiled from weekly current price listings in the Oil, Paint and Drug Reporter , with permission of the publisher under its copyright. ...

1941-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CHEMICAL MARKET PRICES ... Compiled from weekly current price listings in the Oil, Paint and Drug Reporter , with permission of the publisher under its copyright. ...

1941-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

122

Hydrothermal alteration mineral mapping using hyperspectral imagery in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

alteration mineral mapping using hyperspectral imagery in alteration mineral mapping using hyperspectral imagery in Dixie Valley, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Hydrothermal alteration mineral mapping using hyperspectral imagery in Dixie Valley, Nevada Abstract Hyperspectral (HyMap) data was used to map the location ofoutcrops of high temperature, hydrothermally alterated minerals(including alunite, pyrophyllite, and hematite) along a 15 kmswath of the eastern front of the Stillwater Mountain Range inDixie Valley, Nevada. Analysis of this data set reveals that severaloutcrops of these altered minerals exist in the area, and thatone outcrop, roughly 1 square kilometer in area, shows abundanthigh temperature alteration. Structural analysis of the alteredregion using a

123

Altering Reservoir Wettability to Improve Production from Single Wells  

SciTech Connect

Many carbonate reservoirs are naturally fractured and typically produce less than 10% original oil in place during primary recovery. Spontaneous imbibition has proven an important mechanism for oil recovery from fractured reservoirs, which are usually weak waterflood candidates. In some situations, chemical stimulation can promote imbibition of water to alter the reservoir wettability toward water-wetness such that oil is produced at an economic rate from the rock matrix into fractures. In this project, cores and fluids from five reservoirs were used in laboratory tests: the San Andres formation (Fuhrman Masho and Eagle Creek fields) in the Permian Basin of Texas and New Mexico; and the Interlake, Stony Mountain, and Red River formations from the Cedar Creek Anticline in Montana and South Dakota. Solutions of nonionic, anionic, and amphoteric surfactants with formation water were used to promote waterwetness. Some Fuhrman Masho cores soaked in surfactant solution had improved oil recovery up to 38%. Most Eagle Creek cores did not respond to any of the tested surfactants. Some Cedar Creek anticline cores had good response to two anionic surfactants (CD 128 and A246L). The results indicate that cores with higher permeability responded better to the surfactants. The increased recovery is mainly ascribed to increased water-wetness. It is suspected that rock mineralogy is also an important factor. The laboratory work generated three field tests of the surfactant soak process in the West Fuhrman Masho San Andres Unit. The flawlessly designed tests included mechanical well clean out, installation of new pumps, and daily well tests before and after the treatments. Treatments were designed using artificial intelligence (AI) correlations developed from 23 previous surfactant soak treatments. The treatments were conducted during the last quarter of 2006. One of the wells produced a marginal volume of incremental oil through October. It is interesting to note that the field tests were conducted in an area of the field that has not met production expectations. The dataset on the 23 Phosphoria well surfactant soaks was updated. An analysis of the oil decline curves indicted that 4.5 lb of chemical produced a barrel of incremental oil. The AI analysis supports the adage 'good wells are the best candidates.' The generally better performance of surfactant in the high permeability core laboratory tests supports this observation. AI correlations were developed to predict the response to water-frac stimulations in a tight San Andres reservoir. The correlations maybe useful in the design of Cedar Creek Anticline surfactant soak treatments planned for next year. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance scans of dolomite cores to measure porosity and saturation during the high temperature laboratory work were acquired. The scans could not be correlated with physical measurement using either conventional or AI methods.

W. W. Weiss

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

124

The Effect of Altered Plasma on Tissue Proliferation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

KU ScholarWorks | The University of Kansas Pre-1923 Dissertations and Theses Collection The Effect of Altered Plasma on Tissue Proliferation 1913 by Robert Lee Hoffman This work was digitized by the Scholarly Communications program staff in the KU... of Altered Plasma on Tissue Proliferation Thesis prepared and presented for a Masters Degree by Robert Lee Hoffmann Fellow in Anatomy. Kansas State University* I9JI3. The Effect of Altered Plasma on Tissue Proliferations. Tissue proliferation...

Hoffman, Robert Lee

1913-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Alteration of Terrain Permits (New Hampshire) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alteration of Terrain Permits (New Hampshire) Alteration of Terrain Permits (New Hampshire) Alteration of Terrain Permits (New Hampshire) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Hampshire Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider NH Department of Environmental Services Alteration of Terrain Bureau

126

Altered Tectonic and Hydrothermal Breccias in Corehole VC-1,...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

we will briefly discuss each of the major deep breccias in VC-l, examine the style, intensity and paragenesis of their hydrothermal alteration, and speculate on their...

127

Reclaiming Altered Landscapes: The Bingham Canyon Mine Memorial.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Open-Pit mining in America has created landscape alterations that are vast and permanent. These landscapes have created and erased entire communities in order to extract… (more)

Haddadin, Dafer S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

CHEMICAL ABBREVIATION KEY ABBREVIATION CHEMICAL NAME HAZARDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Irritant destain Methanol,acetic acid,H2O Flammable, Corrosive - acid DI H2O Deionized water DCM Nitric acid Corrosive - acid KAc Potassium acetate Irritant KCl Potassium chloride Irritant K2H PO4 Corrosive - base LiCl Lithium chloride Harmful MeOH Methanol Flammable #12;CHEMICAL ABBREVIATION KEY

Pawlowski, Wojtek

129

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered stage correlative Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fluid flow), crustal alteration, and geophysical properties, at both core... porosity and associated high permeability fosters alteration, particularly hydration. ......

130

THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Reed, of the Illinois Geological Survey...Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corporation, Richmond...Board of Health, Madison, Wis. Division...Pennsylvania. Division of Chemical Education: Chairman...the University of Illinois; on execu-tive...from 10 or more plants were macerated...

1939-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

131

Chemical Signals Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical Signals · Types · Production · Transmission · Reception · Reading: Ch 10 except boxes 10.1 and 10.2 #12;What is chemical communication? · Movement of molecules from sender to receiver · Methods compounds are volatile. - 5-20 carbon compounds - carbon (MW=12) + hydrogen is less dense than oxygen (MW

Wilkinson, Gerald S.

132

Chemical Engineering Andrew Zydney  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;ChE Employment (2003 at PSU) Merck Dow ExxonMob Air Products Amgen PPG Sunoco Kraft Foods NRC Procter, microelectronics, consumer products, biotechnology, fuels / energy, environmental engineering, etc. ·Chemical Engineers focus on the processes involved in making new products, including chemical reactions

Maranas, Costas

133

CHEMICAL SAFETY Emergency Numbers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 - CHEMICAL SAFETY MANUAL 2010 #12;- 2 - Emergency Numbers UNBC Prince George Campus Security Prince George Campus Chemstores 6472 Chemical Safety 6472 Radiation Safety 5530 Biological Safety 5530 Risk and Safety Manager 5535 Security 7058 #12;- 3 - FOREWORD This reference manual outlines the safe

Bolch, Tobias

134

Enhanced Chemical Cleaning  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chemical Cleaning Chemical Cleaning Renee H. Spires Enhanced Chemical Cleaning Project Manager July 29, 2009 Tank Waste Corporate Board 2 Objective Provide an overview of the ECC process and plan 3 Chemical Cleaning * Oxalic Acid can get tanks clean - Tank 16 set a standard in 1982 - Tanks 5-6 Bulk OA cleaning results under evaluation * However, the downstream flowsheet and financial impacts of handling the spent acid were unacceptable Before After Tank 16 Tank 16 4 Oxalic Acid Flowsheet Impacts Evap Sludge Washing Evap Feed/Drop Tank 8 Wt% Oxalic Acid Neutralization Tank Solids Liquid High oxalate concentration Negligible oxalate concentration * Oxalates from chemical cleaning impact salt processing * A process change was needed Evaporator Saltstone Vaults DWPF Filled Canisters 5 Vision * Eliminate the impacts to the Tank Farm

135

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 2): Imperial Oil/Champion Chemicals, Monmouth County, NJ. (Second remedial action), September 1992  

SciTech Connect

The 9.67-acre Industrial Latex site is a chemical adhesives and natural and synthetic rubber compounds manufacturer in Wallington, Bergen County, New Jersey. From 1951 to 1980, the Industrial Latex Corporation manufactured both chemical adhesives and natural and synthetic rubber compounds. Adhesives were initially formulated using vegetable protein in a solvent base. The ROD addresses the final remedy for the contamination present in the soil, sediment, buildings and equipment, drums, sludge, septic system, and hardened latex, as the first of two operable units. The primary contaminants of concern affecting the soil, sediment, sludge, and debris are VOCs including PCE, TCE, toluene, and xylenes; other organics, including PAHs, PCBs, pesticides, and phenols; and metals, including arsenic and lead.

Not Available

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Method for altering the luminescence of a semiconductor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for altering the luminescence of a light emitting semiconductor (LES) device. In particular, a method is described whereby a silicon LES device can be selectively irradiated with a radiation source effective for altering the intensity of luminescence of the irradiated region. 4 figs.

Barbour, J.C.; Dimos, D.B.

1999-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

137

Chemical process hazards analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Worker Health and Safety (EH-5) under the Assistant Secretary for the Environment, Safety and Health of the US Department (DOE) has published two handbooks for use by DOE contractors managing facilities and processes covered by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Rule for Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals (29 CFR 1910.119), herein referred to as the PSM Rule. The PSM Rule contains an integrated set of chemical process safety management elements designed to prevent chemical releases that can lead to catastrophic fires, explosions, or toxic exposures. The purpose of the two handbooks, ``Process Safety Management for Highly Hazardous Chemicals`` and ``Chemical Process Hazards Analysis,`` is to facilitate implementation of the provisions of the PSM Rule within the DOE. The purpose of this handbook ``Chemical Process Hazards Analysis,`` is to facilitate, within the DOE, the performance of chemical process hazards analyses (PrHAs) as required under the PSM Rule. It provides basic information for the performance of PrHAs, and should not be considered a complete resource on PrHA methods. Likewise, to determine if a facility is covered by the PSM rule, the reader should refer to the handbook, ``Process Safety Management for Highly Hazardous Chemicals`` (DOE- HDBK-1101-96). Promulgation of the PSM Rule has heightened the awareness of chemical safety management issues within the DOE. This handbook is intended for use by DOE facilities and processes covered by the PSM rule to facilitate contractor implementation of the PrHA element of the PSM Rule. However, contractors whose facilities and processes not covered by the PSM Rule may also use this handbook as a basis for conducting process hazards analyses as part of their good management practices. This handbook explains the minimum requirements for PrHAs outlined in the PSM Rule. Nowhere have requirements been added beyond what is specifically required by the rule.

NONE

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Specimen Curriculum for Chemical Engineering Focus Area: Chemical Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemistry Chem 220B 3 hours Physical Chemistry Chem 230 3 hours Chemical Reactor Engineering ChBE 225 3Specimen Curriculum for Chemical Engineering Focus Area: Chemical Engineering Semester hours SOPHOMORE YEAR FALL SPRING Chem 219A

Bordenstein, Seth

139

Chemical Evolution and Chemical State of the Long Valley Magma...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magma Chamber Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Chemical Evolution and Chemical State of the Long Valley Magma Chamber Abstract...

140

New Papers Indicate Climate Change May Intensify Chemical Risks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Papers Indicate Climate Change May Intensify Chemical Risks Print E-mail New Papers Indicate Climate Change May Intensify Chemical Risks Print E-mail Climate Change and Chemical Risks Wednesday, February 27, 2013 Featured by NIEHS a member of the U.S. Global Change Research Program Pesticides, air pollutants, and other contaminants could become increasingly harmful to human health due to climate change, according to a new series of papers published in Environmental Toxicology Chemistry (ET&C). The seven publications, which appeared in ET&C's January 2013 issue, present evidence that climate change could affect how chemicals are transported and cause toxicity in both ecosystems and people. These impacts could mean that chemical risk assessment practices will demand swift modification and adaptation. "Risk assessors and public health practitioners need to understand how climate change may alter chemical risks to people in the future," said one of the papers' lead authors John Balbus, M.D., who is leading the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences's (NIEHS) Global Environmental Health and Sustainable Development projects. "Existing data sources and assumptions used in exposure and risk assessment may not apply. Environmental health researchers and risk assessors will need to consider interactions between climate-related stressors and chemical stressors and other ways that future risks may be changing," he added.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Surface Chemical Dynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Surface Chemical Dynamics Surface Chemical Dynamics The goal of the Surface Chemical Dynamics Program is to elucidate the underlying physical processes that determine the products (selectivity) and yield (efficiency) of chemical transformations relevant to energy-related chemistry on catalytic and nanostructured surfaces. Achieving this end requires understanding the evolution of the reactant-molecule/surface complex as molecules adsorb, bonds dissociate, surface species diffuse, new bonds form and products desorb. The pathways and time scales of these processes are ultimately determined by a multidimensional potential energy surface that is a function of the geometric and electronic structures of the surface and the reactant, product, intermediate and transition-state molecular and atomic species.

142

Chemicals from Biomass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Added Chemicals from Biomass. Volume I: Results of Screening for Potential Candidates from Sugars and Synthesis Gas (www1.eere.energy.gov/biomass/pdfs/35523.pdf) . 6. Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical...

David R. Dodds; Richard A. Gross

2007-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

143

Chemical decontamination specification preparation  

SciTech Connect

Since the first low-concentration chemical decontamination in the United States at Vermont Yankee in 1979, > 75 decontamination applications have been made at > 20 nuclear electrical generating stations. Chemical decontamination has become a common technique for reducing person-rem exposures. Two vendors are currently offering low-concentration chemical decontamination reagents for application in boiling water reactor and pressurized water reactor systems. All technical aspects associated with the chemical decontamination technology have been commercially tested and are well advanced beyond the research and development stage. Extensive corrosion and material compatibility testing has been performed on the major solvent systems with satisfactory results. The material compatibility testing for the three main solvent systems, CANDECON, CITROX, and LOMI, has been documented in numerous Electric Power Research Institute reports.

Miller, M.A.; Remark, J.F.; Vandergriff, D.M.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Western Chemical Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Western Chemical Information ... For the most part, the units are small because production is geared to the needs of the 11 states, Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho, Nevada, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, and Arizona, not to the entire country. ...

FREDERICK G. SAWYER

1949-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

145

Chemical Looping Combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemical looping combustion (CLC) and looping cycles in general represent an important new ... technologies, which can be deployed for direct combustion as well as be used in gasification...2...stream suitable fo...

Edward John (Ben) Anthony

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Chemicals from coal  

SciTech Connect

This chapter contains sections titled: Chemicals from Coke Oven Distillate; The Fischer-Tropsch Reaction; Coal Hydrogenation; Substitute Natural Gas (SNG); Synthesis Gas Technology; Calcium Carbide; Coal and the Environment; and Notes and References

Harold A. Wittcoff; Bryan G. Reuben; Jeffrey S. Plotkin

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

PhD Chemical Engineering MS Chemical Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Challenges for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering", National Academies Press, Washington, DC, 2003. #12;2 B1 PhD Chemical Engineering MS Chemical Engineering Bylaws Gene and Linda Voiland School of Chemical Engineering and Bioengineering College of Engineering and Architecture Approved by Voiland School faculty

Collins, Gary S.

148

Linguistic constraints on compensation for altered auditory feedback  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

linear regression predicting F1 in casual speech. . . . . .101 5.10 Design of small F1 shift experiment. . . . . .circles show the altered F1 heard by the subject at each

Katseff, Shira Eden

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Wave energy attenuation and shoreline alteration characteristics of submerged breakwaters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WAVE ENERGY ATTENUATION AND SHORELINE ALTERATION CHARACTERISTICS OF SUBMERGED BREAKWATERS A Thesis by KATHERINE MARGARET KRAFFT Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject: Ocean Engineering WAVE ENERGY ATTENUATION AND SHORELINE ALTERATION CHARACTERISTICS OF SUBMERGED BREAKWATERS A Thesis by KATHERINE MARGARET KRAFFT Approved as to style and content by: John...

Krafft, Katherine Margaret

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Ultrasound detection of beef cattle conformation alteration by injection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ULTRASOUND DETECTION OF BEEF CATTLE CONFORMATION ALTERATION BY IN JECTION A Thesis by JOHN DAVID SHOTWELL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1997 Major Subject: Animal Science ULTRASOUND DETECTION OF BEEF CATTLE CONFORMATION ALTERATION BY IN JECTION A Thesis by JOHN DAVID SHOTWELL Submitted to Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

Shotwell, John David

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Carbon Emissions: Chemicals Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Chemicals Industry Chemicals Industry Carbon Emissions in the Chemicals Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 28) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 78.3 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 21.1% -- Nonfuel Emissions: 12.0 MMTC Total First Use of Energy: 5,328 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 24.6% Energy Sources Used As Feedstocks: 2,297 trillion Btu -- LPG: 1,365 trillion Btu -- Natural Gas: 674 trillion Btu Carbon Intensity: 14.70 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998 Energy-Related Carbon Emissions, 1994 Source of Carbon Carbon Emissions (million metric tons) All Energy Sources 78.3 Natural Gas 32.1

152

Chemical Cleaning Program Review  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chemical Cleaning Chemical Cleaning Program Review Neil Davis Deputy Program Manager Waste Removal & Tank Closure July 29, 2009 SRR-STI-2009-00464 2 Contents Regulatory drivers Process overview Preliminary results Lessons learned Path forward 3 Regulatory Drivers The Federal Facilities Agreement establishes milestones for the removal of bulk waste and closure of each non-compliant tank Per the Dispute Resolution: - "DOE shall complete operational closure of Tanks 19 and 18 by 12/31/2012" - "DOE shall complete operational closure of 4 tanks by 9/30/2015" SRR intention to close 4 tanks by 9/30/2010, or as soon as possible Tanks 5 & 6 will be 2 of the 4 tanks 4 Tank Closure Process Bulk Waste Removal Mechanical Heel Removal Chemical Cleaning Annulus

153

Chemical Label Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical Label Information Chemical Label Information Chemical Name CAS No. NFPA 704 Label Data Hazard Information Health Fire Reactivity Other acetone 67641 1 3 0 Eye, skin and mucous membrane irritatiion. Central nervous system depression. chloroform 67663 2 0 0 CAR [1] and TERAT [2] Liver and kidney disorders. Eye and skin irritation. Central nervous system depression. Cardiac arrythmia. ethanol 64175 0 3 0 Skin and eye irritation. ethyl alcohol 64175 0 3 0 Skin and eye irritation. hydrofluoric acid 7664393 4 0 0 Acute [3] - Skin contact can lead to bone damage. Skin, eye and mucous membrane irritation. hydrogen peroxide (35 to 52%) 7722841 2 0 1 OX Very irritating to the skin, eye and respiratory tract. hydrogen peroxide (> 52%) 7722841 2 0 3 OX Extremely irritating to the skin, eye and respiratory tract.

154

Chemical Storage-Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storage - Storage - Overview Ali T-Raissi, FSEC Hydrogen Storage Workshop Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois August 14-15, 2002 Hydrogen Fuel - Attributes * H 2 +½ O 2 → H 2 O (1.23 V) * High gravimetric energy density: 27.1 Ah/g, based on LHV of 119.93 kJ/g * 1 wt % = 189.6 Wh/kg (0.7 V; i.e. η FC = 57%) * Li ion cells: 130-150 Wh/kg Chemical Hydrides - Definition * They are considered secondary storage methods in which the storage medium is expended - primary storage methods include reversible systems (e.g. MHs & C-nanostructures), GH 2 & LH 2 storage Chemical Hydrides - Definition (cont.) * The usual chemical hydride system is reaction of a reactant containing H in the "-1" oxidation state (hydride) with a reactant containing H in the "+1" oxidation

155

Chemical profiles of switchgrass  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

profiles profiles of switchgrass Zhoujian Hu a,b , Robert Sykes a,c , Mark F. Davis a,c , E. Charles Brummer a,d , Arthur J. Ragauskas a,b,e, * a BioEnergy Science Center, USA b School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Institute of Paper Science and Technology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA c National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Blvd., Golden, CO 80401, USA d Institute for Plant Breeding, Genetics, and Genomics, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA e Forest Products and Chemical Engineering Department, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg, Sweden a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 15 April 2009 Received in revised form 10 December 2009 Accepted 10 December 2009 Available online 13 January 2010 Keywords: Switchgrass Morphological components Chemical

156

Micromachined chemical jet dispenser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A dispenser for chemical fluid samples that need to be precisely ejected in size, location, and time. The dispenser is a micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) device fabricated in a bonded silicon wafer and a substrate, such as glass or silicon, using integrated circuit-like fabrication technology which is amenable to mass production. The dispensing is actuated by ultrasonic transducers that efficiently produce a pressure wave in capillaries that contain the chemicals. The 10-200 .mu.m diameter capillaries can be arranged to focus in one spot or may be arranged in a larger dense linear array (.about.200 capillaries). The dispenser is analogous to some ink jet print heads for computer printers but the fluid is not heated, thus not damaging certain samples. Major applications are in biological sample handling and in analytical chemical procedures such as environmental sample analysis, medical lab analysis, or molecular biology chemistry experiments.

Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA)

1999-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

157

Physical and Chemical Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

data image data image Physical and Chemical Applications Research in this area includes: Chemical analysis (femtosecond laser ablation). Advanced sensors (laser ultrasonics). Advanced materials and nanotechnology for clean energy- hydrogen storage, nanostructured organic light-emitting diodes, nanowires, and nanoparticles). Photons to fuels (biosynthetic pathways for generating hydrocarbon biofuels in photosynthetic organisms). Advanced Sensor Development Sensor-based control of industrial processes can help companies: Decrease production costs; Reduce waste of raw materials on manufacturing lines; Lower manufacturing downtime from equipment maintenance; Increase the energy efficiency of manufacturing processes; Detect equipment failure early, before it becomes a major liability;

158

Chemical Logging | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Chemical Logging Chemical Logging Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Chemical Logging Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Downhole Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Well Log Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Well Log Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Presence and geochemical composition of fluid producing zones Thermal: Calcium-alkalinity ratios versus depth assist in defining warm and hot water aquifers Dictionary.png Chemical Logging: Chemical logging produces a chemical profile of the formation fluid within a well based on the measurement of changes in the chemical composition of the drilling fluid during drilling operations.

159

3 - Chemically derived graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: The synthesis of graphene via chemical functionalisation of graphite is reviewed, including investigations that unravelled the atomic structure of resulting graphene oxide (GO) sheets in the suspension. The fundamental properties of GO are discussed and a summary of recent advances in device applications is provided.

R.S. Sundaram

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Design for chemical recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...than design. Life-cycle assessment (LCA), resource envi- ronmental profile analysis...product from cradle to grave. Although LCA is considered to be an evaluation tool and...polyol from oil. 7. The design check using LCA In order to check that chemical recycling...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Germany's Chemical Plans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

THE DIRECTION OF PROPOSED PLANT investments in the German Federal Republic is on the brink of significant change, according to the 1956 picture of capital expenditure projects. Leading German chemical companies are spending less on new plants in L956 than ...

1956-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

162

Chemical Plant Expansion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Despite $4 billion of capital expenditure for plant expansion over the past seven years, a high level of construction activity is expected to continue ... A marked increase in capital expenditures of t h e six largest chemical companies tooïç place in 1951 over 1950. ...

JOHN M. WEISS

1952-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

163

NETL - Chemical Looping Reactor  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

NETL's Chemical Looping Reactor unit is a high-temperature integrated CLC process with extensive instrumentation to improve computational simulations. A non-reacting test unit is also used to study solids flow at ambient temperature. The CLR unit circulates approximately 1,000 pounds per hour at temperatures around 1,800 degrees Fahrenheit.

None

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

164

Chemicals from Coal Coking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemicals from Coal Coking ... Since 2009, she has been at INCAR-CSIC, researching the preparation and characterization of carbon materials (cokes and fibers) and nanomaterials (nanotubes and graphenes) and their catalytic, environmental, and energy applications. ... He then joined the Fundamental Studies Section of the British Coke (later Carbonization) Research Association, eventually becoming Head of Fundamental Studies. ...

Marcos Granda; Clara Blanco; Patricia Alvarez; John W. Patrick; Rosa Menéndez

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

165

American Chemical Society Award Winners, Chicago, III.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

American Chemical Society Award Winners, Chicago, III. ... Copyright © 1970 American Chemical Society ...

1970-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters social behavior Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for: alters social behavior Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Cheryl Frye Department of Psychology Summary: are altered in response to affectivesocial behaviors, and blocking PXR...

167

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered host behaviour Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nature of altered behaviour is the timing of the onset of altered host... ... Source: Poulin, Robert - Department of Zoology, University of Otago Collection: Biology and Medicine...

168

E-Print Network 3.0 - alteration zones underlying Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to detect radioactive element concentration due to the hydrothermal alteration of fracture zones. However... alteration. The last level (3 in the table 1) includes the fracture...

169

E-Print Network 3.0 - alter cerebral 18faltanserin Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

hemodynamic responses to the alteration from hyperoxia to hypoxia. (A) Non-invasive PAT image... ) Non-invasive functional PAT image of cerebral hemodynamic responses to altering...

170

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters progesterone secretion Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from the testes, nor did it alter adult male sexual... of changes in testosterone production because progesterone treatment did not alter testosterone secretion... ml for...

171

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered testicular morphology Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

could have altered interactions between the tadpoles... the other half were. Agrochemicals can alter both exposure to trematodes and amphibian susceptibility... or relative...

172

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters testicular apoptosis-related Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

could have altered interactions between the tadpoles... the other half were. Agrochemicals can alter both exposure to trematodes and amphibian susceptibility... or relative...

173

E-Print Network 3.0 - altering phagocyte behavior Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

could have altered interactions between the tadpoles... the other half were. Agrochemicals can alter both exposure to trematodes and amphibian susceptibility... L of...

174

CSD: Research Programs: Chemical Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CSD: Research: Chemical Physics CSD: Research Programs: Chemical Physics CSD: Research: Chemical Physics CSD: Research Programs: Chemical Physics LBL Logo A-Z CSD Research Highlights CSD Directory Chemical Sciences Division A-Z Index Phone Book Search Berkeley Lab INTRODUCTION TO CSD NATIONAL FACILITIES & CENTERS RESEARCH PROGRAMS Atomic, Molecular & Optical Sciences Catalytic Science Chemical Physics The Glenn T. Seaborg Center (GTSC) STUDENT & POSTDOCTORAL OPPORTUNITIES NEWS & EVENTS CSD CONTACTS LBNL HOME Privacy & Security Notice DOE UC Berkeley CSD > Research Programs > Chemical Physics The Chemical Physics Program of the Chemical Science Division of LBNL is concerned with the development of both experimental and theoretical methodologies for studying molecular structure and dynamical processes at the most fundamental level, and with the application of these to specific

175

Work Practices for Chemical Fumehoods  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Practices for Chemical Fumehoods Practices for Chemical Fumehoods (Reviewed May 16, 2011) Always use a chemical fumehood when working with toxic and/or volatile chemicals, not on an open bench. Chemical fumehoods are designed to provide protection for the user from chemical and radiological contaminants. However, they do not absolutely eliminate exposure, even under ideal conditions. Careless work practices can result in considerable exposure to users who may believe they are protected. To optimize the performance of the chemical hood, adhere to the following work practices: 1. Ensure that your chemical hood has a current inspection sticker (dated within the last year). The face velocity should be between 80 and 120 linear feet per minute (lfpm). 2. Verify that the chemical hood is drawing air.

176

Resumption of nuclear glass alteration: State of the art  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Studies of nuclear glass alteration kinetics have shown that after the beginning of a rate drop due to the approach of silica saturation of the solution and the formation of a passivating layer, a resumption of alteration is possible. This phenomenon corresponding to an acceleration of the glass dissolution rate is systematically associated with the precipitation of zeolites and, to a lesser extent, calcium silicate hydrates. Secondary phases which precipitate from the major glass network-forming elements (Si, Al) strongly impact the dissolution kinetics. The literature data are generally consistent and the results are reproducible, showing that the resumption of alteration is observed at high pH, temperature, and S/V ratio during laboratory experiments. The studies also show that the resumption of alteration is strongly dependent on the composition of the glass and the leaching solutions. The wide range of glass compositions studied (about 60 glasses in the articles reviewed) and the variable test conditions (temperature, pH, and solution composition) make it extremely difficult to compare and compile the data, or to decorrelate the effects of the composition on the time before the resumption of alteration and on its magnitude. The observations to date have led to a proposed macroscopic mechanism based on the loss of the passivating properties of the alteration layer after consumption of a fraction of the network-forming elements by precipitation of zeolites. No multiscale mechanistic approach exists, however, to account for the nucleation and growth of zeolites at the expense of the glass. For example, the effect of aluminum in the gel or in solution on the glass alteration kinetics is not sufficiently understood today. Although thermodynamic models have been proposed to delimit the ranges of glass compositions subject to a resumption of alteration, their development is hampered by inadequate knowledge of the newly formed phases and their nucleation-growth mechanism, and by gaps in the thermodynamic databases. Their development is also constrained by the capability of the models to take Si–Al–Ca interactions into account in the alteration gels.

Maxime Fournier; Stéphane Gin; Pierre Frugier

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Timescales and settings for alteration of chondritic meteorites  

SciTech Connect

Most groups of chondritic meteorites experienced diverse styles of secondary alteration to various degrees that resulted in formation of hydrous and anhydrous minerals (e.g., phyllosilicates, magnetite, carbonates, ferrous olivine, hedenbergite, wollastonite, grossular, andradite, nepheline, sodalite, Fe,Ni-carbides, pentlandite, pyrrhotite, Ni-rich metal). Mineralogical, petrographic, and isotopic observations suggest that the alteration occurred in the presence of aqueous solutions under variable conditions (temperature, water/rock ratio, redox conditions, and fluid compositions) in an asteroidal setting, and, in many cases, was multistage. Although some alteration predated agglomeration of the final chondrite asteroidal bodies (i.e. was pre-accretionary), it seems highly unlikely that the alteration occurred in the solar nebula, nor in planetesimals of earlier generations. Short-lived isotope chronologies ({sup 26}Al-{sup 26}Mg, {sup 53}Mn-{sup 53}Cr, {sup 129}I-{sup 129}Xe) of the secondary minerals indicate that the alteration started within 1-2 Ma after formation of the Ca,Al-rich inclusions and lasted up to 15 Ma. These observations suggest that chondrite parent bodies must have accreted within the first 1-2 Ma after collapse of the protosolar molecular cloud and provide strong evidence for an early onset of aqueous activity on these bodies.

Krot, A N; Hutcheon, I D; Brearley, A J; Pravdivtseva, O V; Petaev, M I; Hohenberg, C M

2005-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

178

Chemically graftedChemically grafted nanoparticlesnanoparticles Quantum dot Nanoparticle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemically graftedChemically grafted nanoparticlesnanoparticles Quantum dot Nanoparticle (~ 5nm Pb atomic force microscope tip: tether nanoparticle to oxide dot, or H-terminated pit after HF etch Ebeam

Plotkin, Steven S.

179

Chemical Engineering and Chemical Technology 1 Faculty of Engineering, Department of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical Engineering with Fine Chemicals Processing, run jointly with the Department of Chemistry for chemical engineering graduates with formal training in synthetic chemistry and process developmentChemical Engineering and Chemical Technology 1 Faculty of Engineering, Department of --Chemical

180

Chemical Sciences Division: Directory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION TO CSD NATIONAL FACILITIES & CENTERS RESEARCH STUDENT & POSTDOCTORAL OPPORTUNITIES NEWS & EVENTS CSD CONTACTS LBNL HOME Privacy & Security Notice DOE UC Berkeley CSD Directory A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Rebecca Abergel CSD Project Scientist; The Glenn T. Seaborg Center. Musahid Ahmed CSD Staff Scientist, Chemical Physics Program/Chemical Dynamics Beamline Publications Richard A. Andersen Professor of Chemistry, UC Berkeley; CSD Senior Faculty Scientist, The Glenn T. Seaborg Center Publications John Arnold Professor of Chemistry, UC Berkeley; CSD Faculty Scientist, Catalytic Science Program Publications B Ali Belkacem CSD Deputy and Senior Staff Scientist; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Sciences Program Leader

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Alteration And Geochemical Zoning In Bodie Bluff, Bodie Mining...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

examined and chemically analyzed for trace elements by emission spectrographic and atomic absorption methods. Sixty-five samples were analyzed for major elements by X-ray...

182

Comparison Of Hydrothermal Alteration Of Carboniferous Carbonate And  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrothermal Alteration Of Carboniferous Carbonate And Hydrothermal Alteration Of Carboniferous Carbonate And Siliclastic Rocks In The Valles Caldera With Outcrops From The Socorro Caldera, New Mexico Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Comparison Of Hydrothermal Alteration Of Carboniferous Carbonate And Siliclastic Rocks In The Valles Caldera With Outcrops From The Socorro Caldera, New Mexico Details Activities (3) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: Continental Scientific Drilling Program (CSDP) drill hole VC-2B (total depth 1761.7 m (5780 ft); maximum temperature 295°C) was continuously cored through the Sulphur Springs hydrothermal system in the western ring-fracture zone of the 1.14 Ma Valles caldera. Among other units, the hole penetrated 760.2 m (2494.1 ft) of Paleozoic carbonate and

183

GEOLOGY AND HYDROTHERMAL ALTERATION OF THE RAFT RIVER GEOTHERMAL SYSTEM,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GEOLOGY AND HYDROTHERMAL ALTERATION OF THE RAFT RIVER GEOTHERMAL SYSTEM, GEOLOGY AND HYDROTHERMAL ALTERATION OF THE RAFT RIVER GEOTHERMAL SYSTEM, IDAHO Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: GEOLOGY AND HYDROTHERMAL ALTERATION OF THE RAFT RIVER GEOTHERMAL SYSTEM, IDAHO Details Activities (3) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The Raft River geothermal system is located in southern Idaho, near the Utah-Idaho state boarder in the Raft River Valley. The field, which is owned and operated by U.S. Geothermal, has been selected as an EGS demonstration site by the U. S. Department of Energy. This paper summarizes ongoing geologic and petrologic investigations being conducted in support of this project. The reservoir is developed in fractured Proterozoic schist and quartzite, and Archean quartz monzonite cut by younger diabase

184

Alteration And Geochemical Zoning In Bodie Bluff, Bodie Mining District,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alteration And Geochemical Zoning In Bodie Bluff, Bodie Mining District, Alteration And Geochemical Zoning In Bodie Bluff, Bodie Mining District, Eastern California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Alteration And Geochemical Zoning In Bodie Bluff, Bodie Mining District, Eastern California Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Banded, epithermal quartz-adularia veins have produced about 1.5 million ounces of gold and 7 million ounces of silver from the Bodie mining district, eastern California. The veins cut dacitic lava flows, pyroclastic rocks and intrusions. Sinter boulders occur in a graben structure at the top of Bodie Bluff and fragments of sinter and mineralized quartz veins occur in hydrothermal breccias nearby. Explosive venting evidently was part of the evolution of the ore-forming geothermal systems which, at one time,

185

Subsurface Stratigraphy, Structure, and Alteration in the Senator Thermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Subsurface Stratigraphy, Structure, and Alteration in the Senator Thermal Subsurface Stratigraphy, Structure, and Alteration in the Senator Thermal Area, Northern Dixie Valley Geothermal Field, Nevada-Initial Results from Injection Well 38-32, and a New Structural Scenario for the Stillwater Escarpment Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Subsurface Stratigraphy, Structure, and Alteration in the Senator Thermal Area, Northern Dixie Valley Geothermal Field, Nevada-Initial Results from Injection Well 38-32, and a New Structural Scenario for the Stillwater Escarpment Abstract Two injection wells (DV 38-32 and DV 27-32) in the Senator thermal area of the northern Dixie Valley geothermal field supply all the injectate reaching the field's northernmost group of production wells. These injectors are also the only wells in the field drilled between the surface

186

Chemical vapor deposition sciences  

SciTech Connect

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is a widely used method for depositing thin films of a variety of materials. Applications of CVD range from the fabrication of microelectronic devices to the deposition of protective coatings. New CVD processes are increasingly complex, with stringent requirements that make it more difficult to commercialize them in a timely fashion. However, a clear understanding of the fundamental science underlying a CVD process, as expressed through computer models, can substantially shorten the time required for reactor and process development. Research scientists at Sandia use a wide range of experimental and theoretical techniques for investigating the science of CVD. Experimental tools include optical probes for gas-phase and surface processes, a range of surface analytic techniques, molecular beam methods for gas/surface kinetics, flow visualization techniques and state-of-the-art crystal growth reactors. The theoretical strategy uses a structured approach to describe the coupled gas-phase and gas-surface chemistry, fluid dynamics, heat and mass transfer of a CVD process. The software used to describe chemical reaction mechanisms is easily adapted to codes that model a variety of reactor geometries. Carefully chosen experiments provide critical information on the chemical species, gas temperatures and flows that are necessary for model development and validation. This brochure provides basic information on Sandia`s capabilities in the physical and chemical sciences of CVD and related materials processing technologies. It contains a brief description of the major scientific and technical capabilities of the CVD staff and facilities, and a brief discussion of the approach that the staff uses to advance the scientific understanding of CVD processes.

NONE

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

187

Chemical composition of melanin  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical composition of melanin Chemical composition of melanin Name: Peggy M Siemers Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What is the chemical composition of Melanin by specific amino acids, or the DNA code for melanin? Replies: This is a good question! The answer is somewhat complex and I'm sure I don't have all the details but here goes... First, there is not a specific DNA code for melanin because like many biomolecules, it is not the result of a single gene product. People that are deficient in melanin are oculo/dermal albinos and I believe there have been seven different types of mutations. These different mutations reflect the multiple steps required to produce melanin. The original building block for melanin is tyrosine, one of the amino acids. This amino acid is modified by enzymes to produce the building block (monomer) for melanin synthesis by a process called polymerization that is also controlled by an enzyme. The polymers ,I believe, can attain diff3erent lengths and they can also form aggregates of different sizes alone and in combination with other molecules such as proteins. This is in part responsible for differences in coloration seen within and between individuals. NEWTON RULES

188

Miniature Chemical Sensor  

SciTech Connect

A new chemical detection technology has been realized that addresses DOE environmental management needs. The new technology is based on a variant of the sensitive optical absorption technique, cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS). Termed evanescent-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy (EW-CRDS), the technology employs a miniature solid-state optical resonator having an extremely high Q-factor as the sensing element, where the high-Q is achieved by using ultra-low-attenuation optical materials, ultra-smooth surfaces, and ultra-high reflectivity coatings, as well as low-diffraction-loss designs. At least one total-internal reflection (TIR) mirror is integral to the resonator permitting the concomitant evanescent wave to probe the ambient environment. Several prototypes have been designed, fabricated, characterized, and applied to chemical detection. Moreover, extensions of the sensing concept have been explored to enhance selectivity, sensitivity, and range of application. Operating primarily in the visible and near IR regions, the technology inherently enables remote detection by optical fiber. Producing 11 archival publications, 5 patents, 19 invited talks, 4 conference proceedings, a CRADA, and a patent-license agreement, the project has realized a new chemical detection technology providing >100 times more sensitivity than comparable technologies, while also providing practical advantages.

Andrew C. R. Pipino

2004-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

189

chemicals | netl.doe.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

coal-to-chemicals facilities in South Africa. To put chemicals production from coalpetcoke into context, refer to Figure 1, which shows the many potential products that can be...

190

CHEMICAL MAKERS INVEST IN SOLAR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CHEMICAL MAKERS INVEST IN SOLAR ... CAPACITY BOOST: New projects target raw materials and research ... The projects will increase capacity and advance research for chemical components of both traditional polysilicon solar cells and newer thin-film modules. ...

MELODY VOITH

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

191

Role of Chemical-Mechanical Energies in Understanding Structure and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical-Mechanical Energies in Understanding Structure and Chemical-Mechanical Energies in Understanding Structure and Properties of Aged and Degraded Membranes Title Role of Chemical-Mechanical Energies in Understanding Structure and Properties of Aged and Degraded Membranes Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Kusoglu, Ahmet, and Adam Z. Weber Journal ECS Transactions Volume 50 Issue 2 Pagination 961 - 965 Date Published 03/2013 ISSN 1938-6737 Abstract Polymer fuel-cell membranes are the core component of fuel-cells having multiple functionalities including water absorption, ionic conductivity, and mechanical support. All these functionalities are correlated via the membrane nanostructure and chemical properties. This study aims at investigating the changes in the structure-uptake relationship due to membrane degradation and ageing. We show that, after in-situ chemical degradation (i.e., OCV holds), the membrane's water uptake and water-domain spacing both decrease compared to a fresh membrane. In addition, the MEA manufacturing process is also found to alter the membrane's nanostructure and uptake behavior, which suggests that changes in the properties of bare membranes during processing and cell operation must be accounted for when analyzing and modeling cell performance. The experimental data is evaluated using an energy-balance approach to examine the correlations among domain spacing, water content, and mechanical properties for degraded membranes.

192

BUILDING A CHEMICAL LASER WEAPON  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

BUILDING A CHEMICAL LASER WEAPON ... Under fire, Airborne Laser program director confronts challenges of revolutionary weapons system ...

WILLIAM G. SCHULZ

2004-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

193

LLNL Chemical Kinetics Modeling Group  

SciTech Connect

The LLNL chemical kinetics modeling group has been responsible for much progress in the development of chemical kinetic models for practical fuels. The group began its work in the early 1970s, developing chemical kinetic models for methane, ethane, ethanol and halogenated inhibitors. Most recently, it has been developing chemical kinetic models for large n-alkanes, cycloalkanes, hexenes, and large methyl esters. These component models are needed to represent gasoline, diesel, jet, and oil-sand-derived fuels.

Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K; Mehl, M; Herbinet, O; Curran, H J; Silke, E J

2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

194

Naming chemical compounds: Calculator drill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

36. Bits and pieces, 13. A calculator can be programmed to drill students on chemical compound naming rules.

David Holdsworth; Evelyn Lacanienta

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

ANALYTICAL METHODS in CHEMICAL ECOLOGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ANALYTICAL METHODS in CHEMICAL ECOLOGY a post graduate course (doktorandkurs) when: February 10 ­ 28, 2014 where: Chemical Ecology, Plant Protection Biology, Swedish University of Agriculture (SLU to modern analytical methods used in Chemical Ecological and Ecotoxicological research, such as: methods

196

Nitrogen concentration and d15 N of altered oceanic crust  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

February 2007 Abstract Knowledge of the subduction input flux of nitrogen (N) in altered oceanic crust (AOC compositions of AOC. Analyses of 53 AOC samples recovered on DSDP/ODP legs from the North and South Pacific of the Mariana trench and Site 1149 outboard of the Izu trench), and 14 composites for the AOC sections at Site

Bebout, Gray E.

197

Temperature alters food web body-size structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ecology 1001 60 69 Temperature alters food web body-size structure Jean P. Gibert John...The consequences of these effects for food web structure are unclear because the relationships between temperature and aspects of food web structure such as predator-prey body-size...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Supporting Information for: Salt concentration differences alter membrane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). The membrane area available for ion transport was 11.4 cm2 . Platinum mesh electrodes that spanned the crossS1 Supporting Information for: Salt concentration differences alter membrane resistance in reverse-814-867-1847 #12;S2 Membrane resistance measurement Without a concentration difference Membrane resistance

199

Exposure to seismic survey alters blue whale acoustic communication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Animal behaviour 1001 14 Exposure to seismic survey alters blue whale acoustic communication...their natural functions. Sounds from seismic surveys are intense and have peak frequency...changed their vocal behaviour during a seismic survey that deployed a low-medium power...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

STATE OF CALIFORNIA CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE, PRESCRIPTIVE HVAC ALTERATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STATE OF CALIFORNIA CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE, PRESCRIPTIVE HVAC ALTERATIONS CEC-MECH-1C-ALT-HVAC (Revised 07/10) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE MECH-1C-ALT-HVAC Prescriptive HVAC Steps" column below. Note: After installation of HVAC units and/or ducts, the Installation

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

How species interact Altering the Standard View on Trophic Ecology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How species interact Altering the Standard View on Trophic Ecology Roger Arditi and Lev R. Ginzburg, the French National Institute for Agricultural Research, in the research unit of Ecology and Evolution of ecology and evolution at Stony Brook University since 1977. He has published widely on theoretical

Canet, Léonie

202

Chemical kinetics modeling  

SciTech Connect

This project emphasizes numerical modeling of chemical kinetics of combustion, including applications in both practical combustion systems and in controlled laboratory experiments. Elementary reaction rate parameters are combined into mechanisms which then describe the overall reaction of the fuels being studied. Detailed sensitivity analyses are used to identify those reaction rates and product species distributions to which the results are most sensitive and therefore warrant the greatest attention from other experimental and theoretical research programs. Experimental data from a variety of environments are combined together to validate the reaction mechanisms, including results from laminar flames, shock tubes, flow systems, detonations, and even internal combustion engines.

Westbrook, C.K.; Pitz, W.J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, CA (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Chemical sensing flow probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new chemical probe determines the properties of an analyte using the light absorption of the products of a reagent/analyte reaction. The probe places a small reaction volume in contact with a large analyte volume. Analyte diffuses into the reaction volume. Reagent is selectively supplied to the reaction volume. The light absorption of the reaction in the reaction volume indicates properties of the original analyte. The probe is suitable for repeated use in remote or hostile environments. It does not require physical sampling of the analyte or result in significant regent contamination of the analyte reservoir.

Laguna, George R. (Albuquerque, NM); Peter, Frank J. (Albuquerque, NM); Butler, Michael A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Chemical Hydrogen Storage Research and Development | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Chemical Hydrogen Storage Research and Development Chemical Hydrogen Storage Research and Development DOE's chemical hydrogen storage R&D is focused on developing low-cost...

205

Chemical Resources | Sample Preparation Laboratories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical Resources Chemical Resources Chemical Inventory All Sample Preparation Labs are stocked with an assortment of common solvents, acids, bases, buffers, and other reagents. See our Chemical Inventories for a list of available reagents. If you need large quantities of any chemicals, please order or bring your own supply (see below). Chemical Inventories Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) If you will be working with any samples or reagents that are significantly toxic, reactive, corrosive, flammable, or otherwise especially hazardous, we may require an approved SOP before you can begin work. Examples: Reagents with an NFPA Rating of 3 or 4 in any category, nanomaterials, heavy metals, pyrophoric materials, water reactive materials. BLANK SOP SSRL BLANK SOP LCLS Ordering Chemicals

206

Effect of reinforcing particle type on morphology and age-hardening behavior of Al–4.5 wt.% Cu based nanocomposites synthesized through mechanical milling  

SciTech Connect

The effects of reinforcing particle type (SiC and TiC) on morphology and precipitation hardening behavior of Al–4.5%Cu based nanocomposites synthesized via mechanical milling were investigated in the current work. In order to study the microstructure and morphology of mechanically milled powder, X-ray diffraction technique, scanning electron microscopy and high resolution transmission electron microscopy were utilized. Results revealed that at the early stages of mechanical milling, when reinforcing particles are polycrystal, the alloying process is enhanced more in the case of using the TiC particles as reinforcement. But, at the final stages of mechanical milling, when reinforcing particles are single crystal, the alloying process is enhanced more in the case of using the SiC ones. Transmission electron microscopy results demonstrated that Al–4.5 wt.%Cu based nanocomposite powders were synthesized and confirmed that the mutual diffusion of aluminum and copper occurs through the interfacial plane of (200). The hardness results showed that not only does introducing 4 vol.% of reinforcing particles (SiC or TiC) considerably decrease the porosity of the bulk composite samples, but also it approximately doubles the hardness of Al–4.5 wt.%Cu alloy (53.4 HB). Finally, apart from TEM and scanning electron microscopy observation which are localized, a decline in hardness in the TiC and SiC contained samples, respectively, after 1.5 and 2 h aging time at 473 K proves the fact that the size of SiC particles is smaller than the size of the TiC ones. - Highlights: ? HRTEM results show mutual diffusion of Al and Cu occurs through the (200) planes. ? TiC particles enhance alloying process more than the SiC ones at the early stages of MM. ? SiC particles enhance alloying process more than the TiC ones at the final stages of MM.

Mostaed, A., E-mail: alimostaed@yahoo.com [Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology Research Center, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, K.N. Toosi University of Technology, 16765-3381 Pardis Street, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Saghafian, H.; Mostaed, E. [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, 16846-13114 Narmak, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Shokuhfar, A. [Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology Research Center, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, K.N. Toosi University of Technology, 16765-3381 Pardis Street, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Rezaie, H.R. [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, 16846-13114 Narmak, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

207

Chemical Looping Combustion Kinetics  

SciTech Connect

One of the most promising methods of capturing CO{sub 2} emitted by coal-fired power plants for subsequent sequestration is chemical looping combustion (CLC). A powdered metal oxide such as NiO transfers oxygen directly to a fuel in a fuel reactor at high temperatures with no air present. Heat, water, and CO{sub 2} are released, and after H{sub 2}O condensation the CO{sub 2} (undiluted by N{sub 2}) is ready for sequestration, whereas the nickel metal is ready for reoxidation in the air reactor. In principle, these processes can be repeated endlessly with the original nickel metal/nickel oxide participating in a loop that admits fuel and rejects ash, heat, and water. Our project accumulated kinetic rate data at high temperatures and elevated pressures for the metal oxide reduction step and for the metal reoxidation step. These data will be used in computational modeling of CLC on the laboratory scale and presumably later on the plant scale. The oxygen carrier on which the research at Utah is focused is CuO/Cu{sub 2}O rather than nickel oxide because the copper system lends itself to use with solid fuels in an alternative to CLC called 'chemical looping with oxygen uncoupling' (CLOU).

Edward Eyring; Gabor Konya

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

208

Chemical heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chemical heat pump system is disclosed for use in heating and cooling structures such as residences or commercial buildings. The system is particularly adapted to utilizing solar energy, but also increases the efficiency of other forms of thermal energy when solar energy is not available. When solar energy is not available for relatively short periods of time, the heat storage capacity of the chemical heat pump is utilized to heat the structure, as during nighttime hours. The design also permits home heating from solar energy when the sun is shining. The entire system may be conveniently rooftop located. In order to faciliate installation on existing structures, the absorber and vaporizer portions of the system may each be designed as flat, thin wall, thin pan vessels which materially increase the surface area available for heat transfer. In addition, this thin, flat configuration of the absorber and its thin walled (and therefore relatively flexible) construction permits substantial expansion and contraction of the absorber material during vaporization and absorption without generating voids which would interfere with heat transfer.

Greiner, Leonard (2853-A Hickory Pl., Costa Mesa, CA 92626)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Chemical heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chemical heat pump system is disclosed for use in heating and cooling structures such as residences or commercial buildings. The system is particularly adapted to utilizing solar energy, but also increases the efficiency of other forms of thermal energy when solar energy is not available. When solar energy is not available for relatively short periods of time, the heat storage capacity of the chemical heat pump is utilized to heat the structure, as during nighttime hours. The design also permits home heating from solar energy when the sun is shining. The entire system may be conveniently rooftop located. In order to facilitate installation on existing structures, the absorber and vaporizer portions of the system may each be designed as flat, thin wall, thin pan vessels which materially increase the surface area available for heat transfer. In addition, this thin, flat configuration of the absorber and its thin walled (and therefore relatively flexible) construction permits substantial expansion and contraction of the absorber material during vaporization and absorption without generating voids which would interfere with heat transfer.

Greiner, Leonard (2853-A Hickory Pl., Costa Mesa, CA 92626)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Chemical heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chemical heat pump system is disclosed for use in heating and cooling structures such as residences or commercial buildings. The system is particularly adapted to utilizing solar energy, but also increases the efficiency of other forms of thermal energy when solar energy is not available. When solar energy is not available for relatively short periods of time, the heat storage capacity of the chemical heat pump is utilized to heat the structure, as during nighttime hours. The design also permits home heating from solar energy when the sun is shining. The entire system may be conveniently rooftop located. In order to facilitate intallation on existing structures, the absorber and vaporizer portions of the system may each be designed as flat, thin wall, thin pan vessels which materially increase the surface area available for heat transfer. In addition, this thin, flat configuration of the absorber and its thin walled (and therefore relatively flexible) construction permits substantial expansion and contraction of the absorber material during vaporization and absorption without generating voids which would interfere with heat transfer.

Greiner, Leonard (2853-A Hickory Pl., Costa Mesa, CA 92626)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Chemical heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chemical heat pump system is disclosed for use in heating and cooling structures such as residences or commercial buildings. The system is particularly adapted to utilizing solar energy, but also increases the efficiency of other forms of thermal energy when solar energy is not available. When solar energy is not available for relatively short periods of time, the heat storage capacity of the chemical heat pump is utilized to heat the structure, as during nighttime hours. The design also permits home heating from solar energy when the sun is shining. The entire system may be conveniently rooftop located. In order to facilitate installation on existing structures, the absorber and vaporizer portions of the system may each be designed as flat, thin wall, thin pan vessels which materially increase the surface area available for heat transfer. In addition, this thin, flat configuration of the absorber and its thin walled (and therefore relatively flexible) construction permits substantial expansion and contraction of the absorber material during vaporization and absorption without generating voids which would interfere with heat transfer.

Greiner, Leonard (2853-A Hickory Pl., Costa Mesa, CA 92626)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Chemical & EngChemical/Engineering Materials Division | Neutron Science |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical and Engineering Materials Division Chemical and Engineering Materials Division SHARE Chemical and Engineering Materials Division CEMD Director Mike Simonson The Chemical and Engineering Materials Division (CEMD) supports neutron-based research at SNS and HFIR in understanding the structure and dynamics of chemical systems and novel engineering materials. The user community takes advantage of division-supported capabilities of neutron scattering for measurements over wide ranges of experimental and operating conditions, including studies of chemical and physical changes in situ. User experiments with diffraction, small-angle scattering, inelastic and quasielastic scattering, and neutron imaging instruments address a range of problems in chemistry and in engineering materials research. Current areas of research supported by the division include the structure

213

CHEMICAL SENSORS School of Chemistry and Biochemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHEMICAL SENSORS CHEM 6282 School of Chemistry and Biochemistry Chemical sensors theory of chemical recognition, electrochemical, optical, mass sensors and data reduction. Text: J. Janata, "Principles of Chemical Sensors", 2010 Springer NOTE: GT Library purchased an e

Sherrill, David

214

Experimental characterization and chemical kinetics study of chemical looping combustion .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Chemical looping combustion (CLC) is one of the most promising technologies to achieve carbon capture in fossil fuel power generation plants. A novel rotary-bed reactor… (more)

Chen, Tianjiao, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Chemical comminution of coal  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the present research is to study the chemical reactivity of a mixture of methyl alcohol and aqueous sodium hydroxide solution in the temperature range 298 to 363 K, and a caustic concentration of 0 to 10 wt. %, on an Iowa bituminous coal. The sample studied was collected from coal zone 4, equivalent to most historical references to Laddsdale coal. The coals in this zone are typical high-sulfur, high-ash middle Pennsylvania Cherokee group coals. The apparent rank is high-volatile C bituminous coal. The relatively high content of sulfur and 23 other elements in these coals is related to near neutral (6-8) pH conditions in the depositional and early diagenetic environments, and to postdepositional sphalerite/calcite/pyrite/kaolinite/barite mineralization.

Mamaghani, A.H.; Beddow, J.K.; Vetter, A.F.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Recommended inorganic chemicals for calibration  

SciTech Connect

All analytical techniques depend on the use of calibration chemicals to relate analyte concentration to an instrumental parameter. A fundamental component in the preparation of calibration solutions is the weighing of a pure chemical or metal before preparing a solution standard. The analyst must be assured that the purity, stoichiometry, and assay of the chemical are known. These terms have different meanings, and each has an important influence. This report is intended to assist the analyst in the selection and use of chemical standards for instrumental calibration. Purity, stoichiometry, and preparation of solutions for different purposes are discussed, and a critical evaluation of the best materials available for each element is presented for use in preparing solutions or calibration standards. Information on the chemical form, source, purity, drying, and appropriate precautions is given. In some cases, multiple sources or chemical forms are available. Certain radioactive elements, the transuranic elements, and the noble gases are not considered.

Moody, J.R.; Greenberg, R.R.; Pratt, K.W.; Rains, T.C.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Evaluation of alterations in gene expression in MCF-7 cells induced by the agricultural chemicals Enable and Diazinon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Reactions catalyzed by sterol 14? -demethylase (1) and aromatase (2) are indicated (7). Animal Studies Oral toxicity, rat: LD50 > 2000 mg/kg body weight. Dermal toxicity, rat: LD50 > 5000 mg/kg body weight. Inhalation toxicity, rat: LC50 > 2.1 mg.../l of inhaled air. 13- week study of hepatotoxicity in mice; 60 ppm, equal to 14 mg/kg body weight per day. Developmental toxicity studies, rat: 30 mg/kg body weight per day. Two-generation study of reproductive toxicity, rat: 5.8 mg/kg body weight per day (8...

Mankame, Tanmayi Pradeep

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

218

Genetic and Chemical Reductions in Protein Phosphatase Activity Alter Auxin Transport, Gravity Response, and Lateral Root Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...seedling was illuminated from behind with an infrared light-emitting diode. The Petri dish was oriented vertically and held...charge-coupled device camera, computer, infrared light-emitting diode, and software were purchased from the Plant Growth...

Aaron M. Rashotte; Alison DeLong; Gloria K. Muday

219

Chemical Engineering | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical and Engineering Materials Clean Energy Nuclear Sciences Computer Science Earth and Atmospheric Sciences Materials Science and Engineering Mathematics Physics More Science Home | Science & Discovery | More Science | Engineering SHARE Engineering Engineering at ORNL is integrated with nearly all of the scientific research areas and user facilities. In particular, ORNL has core capabilities chemical engineering and systems engineering. Chemical engineering moves knowledge gained from fundamental chemical research toward applications. For example, this capability supports the development of fuel reprocessing techniques and enables radioisotope production, isotope separation, and development of isotope applications. This capacity also contributes to advances in energy efficiency, renewable

220

FAQS Reference Guide- Chemical Processing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the February 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1176-2010, Chemical Processing Functional Area Qualification Standard.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Chemical substructure analysis in toxicology  

SciTech Connect

A preliminary examination of chemical-substructure analysis (CSA) demonstrates the effective use of the Chemical Abstracts compound connectivity file in conjunction with the bibliographic file for relating chemical structures to biological activity. The importance of considering the role of metabolic intermediates under a variety of conditions is illustrated, suggesting structures that should be examined that may exhibit potential activity. This CSA technique, which utilizes existing large files accessible with online personal computers, is recommended for use as another tool in examining chemicals in drugs. 2 refs., 4 figs.

Beauchamp, R.O. Jr. [Center for Information on Toxicology and Environment, Raleigh, NC (United States)

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

222

Light with nonzero chemical potential  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermodynamic states and processes involving light are discussed in which the chemical potential of light is nonzero. Light with nonzero chemical potential is produced in photochemical reactions for example in a light emitting diode. The chemical potential of black-body radiation becomes negative upon a Joule expansion. The isothermal diffusion of light which is a common phenomenon is driven by the gradient in the chemical potential. These and other examples support the idea that light can be interpreted as a gas of photons with properties similar to a material gas.

F. Herrmann; P. Würfel

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Chlorine/bromine ratios in fracture-filling aqueous alteration products in Nakhla olivine  

SciTech Connect

The Cl/Br ratios in fracture-filling materials in veins in Nakhla olivine was determined using x-ray microprobe (Br) and EDX (Cl) techniques. The Cl/Br ratio of 55 +/- 13 shows that the secondary altered material is pristine, extraterrestrial and akin to the Martian soil. During the early Martian history, volcanic emanations contributed large excesses of volatiles including halogens, sulfur and water to the Martian crust. These chemically-reactive elements had undergone extensive redistribution over time due to a variety of surface processes on Mars. To understand the nature of the alterations due to aqueous activity in the Martian surface environment, a study of halogens, in particular Cl/Br ratios in secondary mineralization products may provide valuable insights. Dreibus and Waenke arrived at a Cl/Br ratio of {approx}110 for the Martian surface materials by studying glasses and bulk samples of several SNC meteorites using neutron activation. Nakhla probably offers the most diverse suite of aqueous precipitates to be found among the SNC meteorites. Numerous veins of hydrous clay within olivine grains are present in Nakhla. Bridges and Grady and Wentworth and McKay observed massive concentrations of halite of probable Martian evaporitic origin, in association with siderite and anhydrite in interstitial areas in Nakhla. Dreibus et al. reported Cl/Br ratios in 3 Nakhla fragments from 104 to 550 and found that 90% of the Cl and Br was readily leachable from this material. Their Nakhla leachate ratio was 580. Their analysis of an attached salt grain yielded a ratio of 5440, similar to that in table salt. Xirouchakis et al. found 20 ppm Br in glass veins in Los Angeles shergottite based on XRF measurements with the x-ray microprobe (beamline X26A) at the Brookhaven Nat. Lab. We examine in this study whether a Cl/Br ratio similar to that of Dreibus and Waenke is also present in products of secondary mineralization, generated as a result of aqueous alteration in some SNC meteorites. We have studied the Cl/Br ratios in fracture-filling materials in veins in Nakhla olivines (thin sections) by determining Br contents using the X-ray Microprobe facility at GeoSoilEnviroCARS (Advanced Photon Source/University of Chicago) and by determining Cl using SEM-based EDX measurements at the same sites in the veins.

Sutton, S.R.; Rao, M.N.; Dreibus, G.; McKay, D.S.; Wanke, H.; Wentworth, S.; Newville, M.; Trainor, T.; Flynn, G.J. (Max-Plank Inst); (SUNY Plattsburgh); (UofC); (Lockheed Martin); (NASA)

2005-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

224

ChemicalChemical StratigraphyStratigraphy Oxygen, Carbon, Strontium,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2/25/2009 1 ChemicalChemical StratigraphyStratigraphy Oxygen, Carbon, Strontium, Sulphur Isotopes Change. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department evolves over time, with the geological time line running from right to left in this graph. The increased

Miami, University of

225

Hardening Peanut-Fed Hogs.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-six days, only one hog dying. This hog died after 'being fed corn, six parts, and cottonseed meal, one part, for seventy-two days, the sgmptoms being those of cottonseed meal poison- ing. Cottonseed meal, at present prices, is one of the most economica1...

Burk, L. B. (Lloyd Byron); Ewing, P. V. (Perry Van)

1919-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Methods of forming hardened surfaces  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention encompasses a method of forming a metallic coating. A metallic glass coating is formed over a metallic substrate. After formation of the coating, at least a portion of the metallic glass can be converted into a crystalline material having a nanocrystalline grain size. The invention also encompasses metallic coatings comprising metallic glass. Additionally, the invention encompasses metallic coatings comprising crystalline metallic material, with at least some of the crystalline metallic material having a nanocrystalline grain size.

Branagan, Daniel J. (Iona, ID)

2004-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

227

Vapor deposition of hardened niobium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of coating ceramic nuclear fuel particles containing a major amount of an actinide ceramic in which the particles are placed in a fluidized bed maintained at ca. 800.degree. to ca. 900.degree. C., and niobium pentachloride vapor and carbon tetrachloride vapor are led into the bed, whereby niobium metal is deposited on the particles and carbon is deposited interstitially within the niobium. Coating apparatus used in the method is also disclosed.

Blocher, Jr., John M. (Columbus, OH); Veigel, Neil D. (Columbus, OH); Landrigan, Richard B. (Columbus, OH)

1983-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

228

Localized chemical switching of the charge state of nitrogen-vacancy luminescence centers in diamond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a beam-directed chemical technique for controlling the charge states of near-surface luminescence centers in semiconductors. Specifically, we fluorinate the surface of H-terminated diamond by electron beam irradiation in the presence of NF3 vapor. The fluorination treatment acts as a local chemical switch that alters the charge state of nitrogen-vacancy luminescence centers from the neutral to the negative state. The electron beam fluorination process is highly localized and can be used to control the emission spectrum of individual nanodiamonds and surface regions scanned by the electron beam

Shanley, Toby W; Aharonovich, Igor; Toth, Milos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

November 2006 CHEMICAL HYGIENE PLAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.4 LABORATORY-SPECIFIC SAFETY PLANS 4.5 LABORATORY SAFETY AUDITS 4.6 CHEMICAL HYGIENE PLAN REVIEW 5.0 LABORATORYNovember 2006 1 CHEMICAL HYGIENE PLAN (November 2006) Department of Chemistry Vanderbilt University #12;November 2006 2 1.0 INTRODUCTION 2.0 THE LABORATORY STANDARD 3.0 SCOPE AND APPLICATION 4

Bordenstein, Seth

230

MATLAB Applications in Chemical Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MATLAB® Applications in Chemical Engineering James A. Carnell North Carolina State University MATLAB is a powerful code-based mathematical and engineering calculation program. It performs all introduction to MATLAB in chemical engineering, and in no way attempts to be a comprehensive MATLAB learning

Al-Juhani, Abdulhadi A.

231

Understanding Alterations in Brain Connectivity in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMENTARY Understanding Alterations in Brain Connectivity in Attention of neural systems and brain connections is an important new area of research to understand both normal brain connectivity and alterations in brain connectivity in neuropsychiatric disorders. The study of brain

232

Solid-State NMR Examination of Alteration Layers on a Nuclear...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Examination of Alteration Layers on a Nuclear Waste Glasses. Solid-State NMR Examination of Alteration Layers on a Nuclear Waste Glasses. Abstract: Solid-state NMR is a powerful...

233

Chemical analysis quality assurance at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) is a uranium reprocessing facility operated by Westinghouse Idaho Nuclear Company for the Department of Energy at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The chemical analysis support required for the plant processes is provided by a chemical analysis staff of 67 chemists, analysts, and support personnel. The documentation and defense of the chemical analysis data at the ICPP has evolved into a complete chemical analysis quality assurance program with training/qualification and requalification, chemical analysis procedures, records management and chemical analysis methods quality control as major elements. The quality assurance procedures are implemented on a central analytical computer system. The individual features provided by the computer system are automatic method selection for process streams, automation of method calculations, automatic assignment of bias and precision estimates at analysis levels to all method results, analyst specific daily requalification or with-method-use requalification, untrained or unqualified analyst method lockout, statistical testing of process stream results for replicate agreement, automatic testing of process results against pre-established operating, safety, or failure limits at varying confidence levels, and automatic transfer and report of analysis data plus the results of all statistical testing to the Production Department.

Hand, R.L.; Anselmo, R.W.; Black, D.B.; Jacobson, J.J.; Lewis, L.C.; Marushia, P.C.; Spraktes, F.W.; Zack, N.R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquatic contaminants alter Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ENHANCEMENT Summary: . Aquatic plants stabilize shorelines, prevent sediment resuspension, and alter the redox potential... ENHANCEMENT PROJECTS Pages in Study: 113...

235

E-Print Network 3.0 - acids alter glycerolipid Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

diseases, that involve deregulated lipid metabolism. Altered... . Keywor ds: Acrolein, arachidonic acid, cerebral ischemia, cytidine-5-diphosphocholine, CDP Source: Kalil,...

236

Rock alteration in alkaline cement waters over 15 years and its relevance to the geological disposal of nuclear waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The interaction of groundwater with cement in a geological disposal facility (GDF) for intermediate level radioactive waste will produce a high pH leachate plume. Such a plume may alter the physical and chemical properties of the GDF host rock. However, the geochemical and mineralogical processes which may occur in such systems over timescales relevant for geological disposal remain unclear. This study has extended the timescale for laboratory experiments and shown that, after 15 years two distinct phases of reaction may occur during alteration of a dolomite-rich rock at high pH. In these experiments the dissolution of primary silicate minerals and the formation of secondary calcium silicate hydrate (C–S–H) phases containing varying amounts of aluminium and potassium (C–(A)–(K)–S–H) during the early stages of reaction (up to 15 months) have been superseded as the systems have evolved. After 15 years significant dedolomitisation (MgCa(CO3)2 + 2OH? ? Mg(OH)2 + CaCO3 + CO32?(aq)) has led to the formation of magnesium silicates, such as saponite and talc, containing variable amounts of aluminium and potassium (Mg–(Al)–(K)–silicates), and calcite at the expense of the early-formed C–(A)–(K)–S–H phases. This occured in high pH solutions representative of two different periods of cement leachate evolution with little difference in the alteration processes in either a KOH and NaOH or a Ca(OH)2 dominated solution but a greater extent of alteration in the higher pH KOH/NaOH leachate. The high pH alteration of the rock over 15 years also increased the rock’s sorption capacity for U(VI). The results of this study provide a detailed insight into the longer term reactions occurring during the interaction of cement leachate and dolomite-rich rock in the geosphere. These processes have the potential to impact on radionuclide transport from a geodisposal facility and are therefore important in underpinning any safety case for geological disposal.

Elizabeth B.A. Moyce; Christopher Rochelle; Katherine Morris; Antoni E. Milodowski; Xiaohui Chen; Steve Thornton; Joe S. Small; Samuel Shaw

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Alteration of Lymphocyte Trafficking by Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Receptor Agonists  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to B and T cell areas, with few lymphocytes...See (7) for larger view...by LCMS : The plasma of mice dosed...analyzed using atmospheric pressure chemical...probe. In vitro plasma incubations yielded...based on peak area % at = 210 nm using...min and 500 MHz 1 H NMR...

Suzanne Mandala; Richard Hajdu; James Bergstrom; Elizabeth Quackenbush; Jenny Xie; James Milligan; Rosemary Thornton; Gan-Ju Shei; Deborah Card; CarolAnn Keohane; Mark Rosenbach; Jeffrey Hale; Christopher L. Lynch; Kathleen Rupprecht; William Parsons; Hugh Rosen

2002-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

238

Mutants of Arabidopsis with altered regulation of starch degradation  

SciTech Connect

Mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. with altered regulation of starch degradation were identified by screening for plants that retained high levels of leaf starch after a period of extended darkness. The mutant phenotype was also expressed in seeds, flowers, and roots, indicating that the same pathway of starch degradation is used in these tissues. In many respects, the physiological consequences of the mutations were equivalent to the effects observed in previously characterized mutants of Arabidopsis that are unable to synthesize starch. One mutant line, which was characterized in detail, had normal levels of activity of the starch degradative enzymes {alpha}-amylase, {beta}-amylase, phosphorylase, D-enzyme, and debranching enzyme. Thus, it was not possible to establish a biochemical basis for the phenotype, which was due to a recessive mutant at a locus designated sex 1 at position 12.2 on chromosome 1. This raises the possibility that hitherto unidentified factors, altered by the mutation, play a key role in regulating or catalyzing starch degradation.

Caspar, T.; Lin, Tsanpiao; Kakefuda, G.; Benbow, L.; Preiss, J.; Somerville, C. (Michigan State Univ., East Lansing (USA))

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Thermally-induced voltage alteration for integrated circuit analysis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermally-induced voltage alteration (TIVA) apparatus and method are disclosed for analyzing an integrated circuit (IC) either from a device side of the IC or through the IC substrate to locate any open-circuit or short-circuit defects therein. The TIVA apparatus uses constant-current biasing of the IC while scanning a focused laser beam over electrical conductors (i.e. a patterned metallization) in the IC to produce localized heating of the conductors. This localized heating produces a thermoelectric potential due to the Seebeck effect in any conductors with open-circuit defects and a resistance change in any conductors with short-circuit defects, both of which alter the power demand by the IC and thereby change the voltage of a source or power supply providing the constant-current biasing. By measuring the change in the supply voltage and the position of the focused and scanned laser beam over time, any open-circuit or short-circuit defects in the IC can be located and imaged. The TIVA apparatus can be formed in part from a scanning optical microscope, and has applications for qualification testing or failure analysis of ICs.

Cole, Jr., Edward I. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

New Science for Chemicals Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the State-of-the-Science of Endocrine Disruptors (WHO,461, 472 (2009). 17. NRC, Science and Decisions: AdvancingPOLICYFORUM SCIENCE AND REGULATION New Science for Chemicals

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Chemical Conversions of Natural Precursors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many products from the flavour industry are primary products from renewable resources or secondary products obtained by chemical conversions of the primary products. In general these secondary products are key...

Peter H. van der Schaft

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Genotoxicity of complex chemical mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

studies, specifically on carbon monoxide. Schmiedeberg focused on liver and its detoxification mechanisms. Lewin?s work included chronic toxicity of narcotics, along with toxicity of chemicals such as methanol, glycerol, acrolein and chloroform...

Phillips, Tracie Denise

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

243

Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics ^ ^ iCi| Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics ^ ^ iCi| under AEC Contract A T (30-1)-3780 " â–  ' Annual Report (1970) Principal In-vestigator: Martin Karpins Institution: Harvard University The research performed under this contract can best be sunmarized under several headings. (a) Alkali-Halideg Alkali-Halide (MX^ M*X*) Exchange Reactions. This project is being continued. A careful study of certain

244

Fifty-Year Trends in the Chemical Industry: What Do They Mean for Chemical Education?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fifty-Year Trends in the Chemical Industry: What Do They Mean for Chemical Education? ... Environmental Chemistry ...

George W. Parshall; Chadwick A. Tolman

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Chemical characterization of beach asphalts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on beaches, since the residue is usually weathered, and most properties of the original crude oil or residual fuel oil have been altered. Along the Texas coast beaches, from Galveston to the Rio Grande, one can find oil residues which range in size from... distillation of organic material, usually coal (Abraham 1960). Crude oil, when weathered, so as to lose its volatile constituents, becomes viscous or semi-solid, and is known as asphalt. Further weathering can lead to formation of hard asphalt...

May, Lloyd Alexander

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Effects of alteration product precipitation on glass dissolution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Understanding the mechanisms that control the durability of nuclear waste glass is paramount if reliable models are to be constructed so that the glass dissolution rate in a given geological repository can be calculated. Presently, it is agreed that (boro)silicate glasses dissolve in water at a rate dependent on the solution concentration of orthosilicic acid (H4SiO4) with higher [H4SiO4] leading to lower dissolution rates. Once the reaction has slowed as a result of the buildup of H4SiO4, another increase in the rate has been observed that corresponds to the precipitation of certain silica-bearing alteration products. However, it has also been observed that the concentration of silica-bearing solution species does not significantly decrease, indicating saturation, while other glass tracer elements concentrations continue to increase, indicating that the glass is still dissolving. In this study, we have used the Geochemist’s Workbench code to investigate the relationship between glass dissolution rates and the precipitation rate of a representative zeolitic silica-bearing alteration product, analcime [Na(AlSi2O6)?H2O]. To simplify the calculations, we suppressed all alteration products except analcime, gibbsite (Al(OH)3), and amorphous silica. The pseudo-equilibrium-constant matrix for amorphous silica was substituted for the glass pseudo-equilibrium-constant matrix because it has been shown that silicate glasses act as a silica-only solid with respect to kinetic considerations. In this article, we present the results of our calculations of the glass dissolution rate at different values for the analcime precipitation rate constant and the effects of varying the glass dissolution rate constant at a constant analcime precipitation rate constant. From the simulations we conclude, firstly, that the rate of glass dissolution is dependent on the kinetics of formation of the zeolitic phase. Therefore, the kinetics of secondary phase formation is an important parameter that should be taken into account in future glass dissolution modeling efforts. Secondly, the results indicate that, in the absence of a gel layer, the glass dissolution rate controls the rate of analcime precipitation in the long term. The meaning of these results pertinent to long-term glass durability is discussed.

Denis M. Strachan; James J. Neeway

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Sandia National Laboratories: MOgene Green Chemicals LLC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MOgene Green Chemicals LLC Sandia to Partner with MOgene Green Chemicals on ARPA-E REMOTE Project On October 2, 2013, in Energy, News, News & Events, Partnership, Research &...

248

Chemical Safety Program - Library | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Standard Safe Management of Mercury DOE Documents & Guidelines Chemical Management Handbook Volumes 1 -3 DOE Handbook, "Chemical Process Hazards Analysis," DOE-HDBK-1100-2004,...

249

PNNL Chemical Hydride Capabilities | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chemical Hydride Capabilities PNNL Chemical Hydride Capabilities Presentation from the Hydrogen Storage Pre-Solicitation Meeting held June 19, 2003 in Washington, DC....

250

Chemical Safety Program | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

of best practices, lessons learned, and guidance in the area of chemical management. This content is supported by the Chemical Safety Topical Committee which was formed to identify...

251

Chemically Reactive Working Fluids | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chemically Reactive Working Fluids for the Capture and Transport of Concentrated Solar Thermal Energy for Power Generation Chemically Reactive Working Fluids SunShot CSP...

252

Multidimensional simulation and chemical kinetics development...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Developing chemical kinetic mechanisms and applying them to simulating engine combustion processes. deer09aceves.pdf More Documents & Publications Chemical Kinetic Research on...

253

Tribo-Chemical Modeling of Copper CMP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRIBO-CHEMICAL MODELING OF COPPER CMP Shantanu Tripathi 1 ,Technical Area: CMP (Copper) Abstract We are developing antribo-chemical model of copper CMP that considers abrasive

Tripathi, Shantanu; Doyle, Fiona; Dornfeld, David

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF TEXAS CITY CHEMICALS, INC.  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

1956, when the Texas City Chemicals Company went bankrupt. The plant was purchased by Smith-Douglas Company, a Division of Borden Chemical Company, Bordon, Inc. From information...

255

Correlation Between Optical Properties And Chemical Composition...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Between Optical Properties And Chemical Composition Of Sputter-deposited Germanium Cxide (GeOx) Films . Correlation Between Optical Properties And Chemical Composition Of...

256

Ultrafast optical technique for the characterization of altered materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed herein is a method and a system for non-destructively examining a semiconductor sample (30) having at least one localized region underlying a surface (30a) through into which a selected chemical species has been implanted or diffused. A first step induces at least one transient time-varying change in optical constants of the sample at a location at or near to a surface of the sample. A second step measures a response of the sample to an optical probe beam, either pulsed or continuous wave, at least during a time that the optical constants are varying. A third step associates the measured response with at least one of chemical species concentration, chemical species type, implant energy, a presence or absence of an introduced chemical species region at the location, and a presence or absence of implant-related damage. The method and apparatus in accordance with this invention can be employed in conjunction with a measurement of one or more of the following effects arising from a time-dependent change in the optical constants of the sample due to the application of at least one pump pulse: (a) a change in reflected intensity; (b) a change in transmitted intensity; (c) a change in a polarization state of the reflected and/or transmitted light; (d) a change in the optical phase of the reflected and/or transmitted light; (e) a change in direction of the reflected and/or transmitted light; and (f) a change in optical path length between the sample's surface and a detector.

Maris, Humphrey J. (Barrington, RI)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Chemical Science | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chemical Science Chemical Science Chemical Science Plant fatty acids are used in a vast range of products, from polymers to plastics and soaps to industrial feed stocks -- making up an estimated $150 billion market annually. A new discovery of inserting double bonds in the fatty acids could show the way to the designer production of plant fatty acids, and, in turn, to new industrial applications and new products. Read more. Plant fatty acids are used in a vast range of products, from polymers to plastics and soaps to industrial feed stocks -- making up an estimated $150 billion market annually. A new discovery of inserting double bonds in the fatty acids could show the way to the designer production of plant fatty

258

Chemical Looping | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Looping Looping Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Introduction 2 Process Description 3 Benefits 4 Oxygen Carriers 5 Multimedia 6 Patents 7 References 8 External Links Introduction Chemical looping or chemical looping combustion (CLC) is a novel technology that could provide the means to convert fossil fuels to electricity and provide carbon capture without significant efficiency or cost penalties. Chemical looping combustion is very similar to oxy-fuel combustion where there is no direct contact between air and fuel.[1] Oxygen is extracted from air, then the oxygen is reacted with the hydrocarbon fuel producing an exhaust gas composed of carbon dioxide and water vapor.[2] The water vapor is condensed out of the gas resulting in near 100% carbon dioxide stream that could be sequestered in the ground.

259

Chemical Inventory | Sample Preparation Laboratories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical Inventory Chemical Inventory Use the following dropdown menus to filter the results for chemical records. To reset the results clear the entries and click "update". Facility - Any - SSRL LCLS Building - Any - 120 131 999 Room - Any - 109 113 209 257 Storage Area Storage Category Apply Title Facility Building Room Storage Area Storage Category Available to All Qty. Size Units Responsible Person 1,3-cyclohexadiene SSRL 131 209 CI L No 1 25 milliliters (ml) Tsu-Chien Weng 1,4- dioxane SSRL 120 257 CB1 L Yes 1 1 liters (l) Cynthia Patty 1,8-Octanedithiol SSRL 131 209 CA3 L No 1 5 grams (g) Schmidt 1-Chloronapthalene SSRL 131 209 CA3 L No 1 100 grams (g) Schmidt 1-Propanol LCLS 999 109 B1 L Yes 1 4 liters (l) Lisa Hammon

260

Chemical Sciences Division: Research: Programs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Programs Programs The Chemical Sciences Division (CSD) is one of Berkeley Laboratory's basic research divisions. The CSD is composed of individual research groups that conduct research in the areas of chemical physics and the dynamics of chemical reactions, the structure and reactivity of transient species, electron spectroscopy, surface chemistry and catalysis, electrochemistry, chemistry of the actinide elements and their relationship to environmental issues, and atomic physics. The division's 28 principal investigators, many of whom are on the faculty of the University of California at Berkeley, direct the individual research projects and the work of 6 staff scientists, 41 postdoctoral researchers, and 75 graduate students. Our research staff continues to achieve fundamental advances in understanding the structure and reactivity of critical reaction intermediates and transients using both state-of-the-art experimental and theoretical methods. In addition, the division supports a strong effort in heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Temperature effects on chemical reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we had to study some characteristics of the chemical reactors from which we can understand the reactor operation in different circumstances; from these and the most important factor that has a great effect on the reactor operation is the temperature it is a mathematical processing of a chemical problem that was already studied but it may be developed by introducing new strategies of control; in our case we deal with the analysis of a liquid?gas reactor which can make the flotation of the benzene to produce the ethylene; this type of reactors can be used in vast domains of the chemical industry especially in refinery plants where we find the oil separation and its extractions whether they are gases or liquids which become necessary for industrial technology especially in our century.

M. Azzouzi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Nickel Alloy, Corrosion and Heat-Resistant, Sheet, Strip, and Plate 72Ni - 15.5Cr - 0.95 (Cb (Nb) + Ta) - 2.5Ti - 0.70Al - 7.0Fe Consumable Electrode, Remelted or Vacuum Induction Melted, Solution Heat Treated, Precipitation-Hardenable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nickel Alloy, Corrosion and Heat-Resistant, Sheet, Strip, and Plate 72Ni - 15.5Cr - 0.95 (Cb (Nb) + Ta) - 2.5Ti - 0.70Al - 7.0Fe Consumable Electrode, Remelted or Vacuum Induction Melted, Solution Heat Treated, Precipitation-Hardenable

SAE Aerospace Standards. London

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Thematic Questions about Chemical Elements Nature of the chemical elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Be Atomic No. 1 2 3 4 Isotopes 1,2,3 3,4 6,7 9,10 Name Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Symbol B C N O Atomic No Environment Element Synthesis: Exploration of Chemical Fundamentals Element Synthesis and Isotopes · Elemental Abundance and Isotopes · distribution of elements in the universe · factors that define elemental

Polly, David

264

A Preliminary Study Of Older Hot Spring Alteration In Sevenmile Hole, Grand  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Study Of Older Hot Spring Alteration In Sevenmile Hole, Grand Study Of Older Hot Spring Alteration In Sevenmile Hole, Grand Canyon Of The Yellowstone River, Yellowstone Caldera, Wyoming Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Preliminary Study Of Older Hot Spring Alteration In Sevenmile Hole, Grand Canyon Of The Yellowstone River, Yellowstone Caldera, Wyoming Details Activities (4) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Erosion in the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone River, Yellowstone Caldera (640 ka), Wyoming, has exposed a cross section of older hydrothermal alteration in the canyon walls. The altered outcrops of the post-collapse tuff of Sulphur Creek (480 ka) extend from the canyon rim to more than 300 m beneath it. The hydrothermal minerals are zoned, with an advanced argillic alteration consisting of an association of quartz (opal)

265

Chemical Sciences Division | Advanced Materials |ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical Sciences Chemical Sciences Division SHARE Chemical Sciences Division The Chemical Sciences Division performs discovery and uses inspired research to understand, predict, and control the physical processes and chemical transformations at multiple length and time scales, especially at interfaces. The foundation of the division is a strong Basic Energy Sciences (BES) portfolio that pushes the frontiers of catalysis, geosciences, separations and analysis, chemical imaging, neutron science, polymer science, and interfacial science. Theory is closely integrated with materials synthesis and characterization to gain new insights into chemical transformations and processes with the ultimate goal of predictive insights. Applied research programs naturally grow out of our fundamental

266

Definition: Chemical energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

energy energy Energy stored in chemical bonds between atoms within molecules. When a chemical reaction occurs, the chemical energy within a molecule can increase or that energy can be released into its surroundings as another form of energy (e.g., heat or light). Fuel combustion is example of the conversion of chemical energy to another form of energy.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In chemistry, Chemical energy is the potential of a chemical substance to undergo a transformation through a chemical reaction or, to transform other chemical substances. Examples include batteries and light bulbs and cells etc. Breaking or making of chemical bonds involves energy, which may be either absorbed or evolved from a chemical system Energy that can be released (or absorbed) because of a reaction between a set of

267

Identifying Chemicals That Are Planetary Boundary Threats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Identifying Chemicals That Are Planetary Boundary Threats ... Our point of departure to develop profiles for chemicals that are potential planetary boundary threats is to identify scenarios in which a chemical could fulfill each of the three conditions for being a planetary boundary threat. ... Note that chemicals named as examples do not necessarily represent planetary boundary threats since at least one scenario from each of the three conditions must be fulfilled for a chemical to pose a planetary boundary threat. ...

Matthew MacLeod; Magnus Breitholtz; Ian T. Cousins; Cynthia A. de Wit; Linn M. Persson; Christina Rudén; Michael S. McLachlan

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

268

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered ovarian gene Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: altered ovarian gene Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Ovarian cancer is the most lethal cause of death among the gynecological cancers. Conventional...

269

E-Print Network 3.0 - alteration shift patterns Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

an altered mapping (x-shift and y-shift... . The pattern of generalization ... Source: Jordan, Michael I. - Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University...

270

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered male physiologic Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Ecology 2 Author's personal copy Causes and consequences of maleemale courtship in fruit flies Summary: the experience of being courted alters a young male's behav- iour and...

271

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters fetal cerebellar Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for: alters fetal cerebellar Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Cerebellar Volume and Cognitive Functioning in Children Who Experienced Early Deprivation Summary: Cerebellar Volume...

272

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered charge selectivity Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protection Environmental Health & Safety Summary: altering any refrigeration charge to UW equipment. Information about the company and all agents who perform... of...

273

The origin of brucite in hydrothermally altered limestone near Devil Peak, Nevada.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Open-space brucite was identified in veins crosscutting hydrothermally altered limestone near the Devil Peak rhyolite plug in southern Nevada. The brucite occurs with serpentine, calcite,… (more)

Knupp, Rhonda L.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered social interaction Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

services sector.25 Other proven benefits... enterprisingnonprofits.ca. Final Thoughts Social Finance has the ability to significantly alter the current financial... Carleton...

275

E-Print Network 3.0 - alter systemic blood Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

J. Bishop, Aleksander S. Popel, Marcos Intaglietta and Paul C. Johnson Summary: . Armstrong, H. J. Meiselman and O. K. Baskurt Graded alterations of RBC aggregation influence...

276

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered blood flow Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

S. Popel, Marcos Intaglietta and Paul C. Johnson of red blood cells flowing... . Armstrong, H. J. Meiselman and O. K. Baskurt Graded alterations of RBC aggregation influence...

277

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered myocardial perfusion Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the myofibrils al- lowed identification... ). Myocardial Proliferation Is Altered After CNC Ablation Because proliferation of cardiomyo- cytes... ARTICLE Myocardial Volume and...

278

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered dispersion relations Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in mean dispersal distances were not linearly related to the degree of plant... (Westcott and Graham 2000). Although different behaviors can alter seed ... Source: Carlo,...

279

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters secondary active Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental Sciences and Ecology ; Geosciences 31 9DSRXU 3KDVH +GUDWLRQ RI %OHQGHG 2LGH 0DJQR :DVWH *ODVVHV Neil C. Hyatt,1* Summary: , precipitate as "secondary" alteration...

280

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters current expression Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology and Medicine 75 Introduction Composed of six cellular layers, the neocortex is a modular Summary: in Fgfr1 mutant mice, identifying consistent alterations in the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered white matter Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prefrontal Fronto-Temporal Occipital Whole Summary: Study Abstract Alterations in whole brain white matter (WM) in schizophrenia have thus far been... matter, generating white...

282

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered insulin receptor Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to its receptor, insulin activates the receptor's intrinsic kinase, lead- ing... in iso- lated muscle. To determine whether fat tissue simi- larly demonstrated altered...

283

E-Print Network 3.0 - alterations frequency induced Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

an altered growth pat- tern, resistance to serum-induced terminal differentiation, agar... -resistant growth increased such that among the ... Source: Nevis Laboratories,...

284

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered myocardial substrate Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

myocardial substrate Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Diastolic Dysfunction in Hypertensive Heart Disease Is Associated With Altered Myocardial Metabolism Summary: Diastolic...

285

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters hypothalamic kiss1 Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in its abundance may alter how native birds respond to stress. It can serve Source: Hall, Sharon J. - School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University Collection:...

286

E-Print Network 3.0 - alter glucose utilization Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

relevant? Summary: to changes in plasma glucose 16,17. Furthermore, glucose infusion into the portal vein alters the action... utilization. This causes a type of...

287

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters foot mobility Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

robot to alter its global orientation. A few backward foot... navigation strategies for mobile robots, our method is a global method that takes into account the unique... and...

288

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered fibroblast proteoglycan Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technologies and Information Sciences ; Engineering 57 Differential Regulation of Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase mRNA Summary: to as reactive gliosis. Alterations in the...

289

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered nervous system Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Medicine 32 Fatty Acid Signaling in the Hypothalamus and the Neural Control of Insulin Secretion Summary: that lipids may alter autonomic nervous system activity in humans...

290

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered lipoprotein properties Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of apolipoprotein B... of Glu-plasminogen to Lys- plasminogen8 , the alteration of the secretion of tissue-type plasminogen... -rich remnant lipoproteins and the atherosclerosis...

291

E-Print Network 3.0 - attenuata alters flower Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

results for: attenuata alters flower Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 PONDY PAPERS IN ECOLOGY ARCHITECTURE AND GROWTH STRATEGY Summary: with 25 phyllotaxis type fertile Flowering...

292

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered substrate specificity Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

substrate PCA weights. Specifically, if x is the r 1 vector of PCA basis weights for a patch... substrate with no alteration ... Source: Sharma, Gaurav - Department of Electrical...

293

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters suberin composition Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sciences and Ecology ; Biology and Medicine 17 Soil Carbon Sequestration and the Greenhouse Effect Summary: in grasslands may include alterations of above- and belowground...

294

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered groundwater chemistry Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

groundwater chemistry Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: altered groundwater chemistry Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Seawater intrusion...

295

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered bone material Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FRAMEWORKS FOR ENGINEERS Session 20.1 m: Musculoskeletal System -Bones Summary: architecture, and equally definite secondary alterations in their external confirmation" VI....

296

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered rectal sensory Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the field... of carcinogenesis, these cells were considered morphologically normal. Our data show organ-wide alteration in ... Source: MacIver, Malcolm A. - Departments of...

297

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered emotional behaviors Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

alter... sound of one hand clapping, and the ... Source: Gross, James J. - Department of Psychology, Stanford University Collection: Biology and Medicine 30 Cognitive Emotion...

298

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters memory anxiety Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

memory anxiety Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alters memory anxiety Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Neurobiology of...

299

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters macrophage generation Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

macrophage generation Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alters macrophage generation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Human...

300

E-Print Network 3.0 - antibodies alters sensitivity Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

enzyme) (56) may be altered by binding of A to antibodies... Antibodies to Potato Virus Y Bind the Amyloid Peptide ... Source: Wisconsin at Madison, University of -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Sodium alterations in isolated rat heart during cardioplegic arrest  

SciTech Connect

Triple-quantum-filtered (TQF) Na nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) without chemical shift reagent is used to investigate Na derangement in isolated crystalloid perfused rat hearts during St. Thomas cardioplegic (CP) arrest. The extracellular Na contribution to the NMR TQF signal of a rat heart is found to be 73 {+-} 5%, as determined by wash-out experiments at different moments of ischemia and reperfusion. With the use of this contribution factor, the estimated intracellular Na ([Na{sup +}]{sub i}) TQF signal is 222 {+-} 13% of preischemic level after 40 min of CP arrest and 30 min of reperfusion, and the heart rate pressure product recovery is 71 {+-} 8%. These parameters are significantly better than for stop-flow ischemia: 340 {+-} 20% and 6 {+-} 3%, respectively. At 37{degrees}C, the initial delay of 15 min in [Na{sup +}]{sub i} growth occurs during CP arrest along with reduced growth later ({approximately}4.0%/min) in comparison with stop-flow ischemia ({approximately}6.7%/min). The hypothermia (21{degrees}C, 40 min) for the stop-flow ischemia and CP dramatically decreases the [Na{sup +}]{sub i} gain with the highest heart recovery for CP ({approximately}100%). These studies confirm the enhanced sensitivity of TQF NMR to [Na{sup +}]{sub i} and demonstrate the potential of NMR without chemical shift reagent to monitor [Na{sup +}]{sub i} derangements. 48 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

Schepkin, V.D.; Choy, I.O.; Budinger, T.F. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Scientific Ethics in Chemical Education  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Scientific Ethics in Chemical Education ... Many decisions made by working scientists have both a technical and an ethical component. ... To educate students about ethical misconduct in science, case studies were used in an ethics discussion board for a class group project. ...

Jeffrey Kovac

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Chemical intensification of dental radiographs  

SciTech Connect

The potential applications of chemical intensification in dental radiography are explored. Three standard photographic intensifiers and three methods designed for radiographic use are evaluated. One of these methods is shown to be capable of reducing radiation dose to one half, without loss of diagnostic quality. Further work is necessary to achieve a system sufficiently practicable to deserve widespread use in routine clinical dental radiography.

Price, C.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Biological and Chemical Engineering Building,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BioE/ChemE Building West ampus creation enter, Under struction Biological and Chemical Engineering Building, Under Construction Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Under Construction Arrillaga Sports Center. Eng. Paul G. Allen Building Roble Pool Roble Modulars Godzilla Thornton Center Bambi Roble Gym orsythe

Kay, Mark A.

305

Extended range chemical sensing apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus is described for sensing chemicals over extended range of concentrations. In particular, first and second sensors each having separate, but overlapping ranges for sensing concentrations of hydrogen are provided. Preferably, the first sensor is a MOS solid state device wherein the metal electrode or gate is a nickel alloy. The second sensor is a chemiresistor comprising a nickel alloy. 6 figures.

Hughes, R.C.; Schubert, W.K.

1994-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

306

Spiral Waves of Chemical Activity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...is tethered by an unwinding string (Fig. 1B). At p > l...minute. In its spontaneously oscillating form and its merely excitable...mentions spiral waves in the oscillating reagent on page 29 of "Investiga-tion...homogeneous chemical auto-oscillating systems" (in Russian...

Arthur T. Winfree

1972-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

307

OPEN FORUM ON THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION Challenges to the Chemical Weapons Ban  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OPEN FORUM ON THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION Challenges to the Chemical Weapons Ban 1 MAY 2003 and Former Chairman of the Ad Hoc Committee on Chemical Weapons Conference on Disarmament PRESENTATIONS Chemical Weapons Destruction CHEMICAL WEAPONS DESTRUCTION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION: Sergey Baranovsky

Sussex, University of

308

ACS Meeting and Chemical Exposition Draw Large Attendance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ACS Meeting and Chemical Exposition Draw Large Attendance ... Copyright © 1958 American Chemical Society ...

1958-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Integrated sensing platform and method for improved quantitative and selective monitoring of chemical analytes in both liquid and gas phase  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

By measuring two or more physical parameters of a thin sensing film which are altered when exposed to chemicals, more effective discrimination between chemicals can be achieved. In using more than one sensor, the sensors are preferably integrated on the same substrate so that they may measure the same thin film. Even more preferably, the sensors are provided orthogonal to one another so that they may measure the same portion of the thin film. These provisions reduce problems in discrimination arising from variations in thin films.

Blair, Dianna S. (Albuquerque, NM); Frye-Mason, Gregory C. (Cedar Crest, NM); Butler, Michael A. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Platts 2nd Annual Renewable Chemicals Conference  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sugars, Renewable Chemicals & Fuels Sugars, Renewable Chemicals & Fuels US EIA AEO 2013 Biofuels Worshop Washington, DC March 2013 1 * PROMOTUM is a management consulting firm focused on the chemicals, fuels and materials industries. We help clients analyze markets and technology, develop strategy, and conduct business development. 2 1. Comparison of the first wave of Biotechnology with today's wave of Industrial Biotechnology 2. Where are we status of: C-Sugars, Renewable Chemicals & Advanced Biofuels 3. Derivates as chemical building blocks - butanol an example 3 Sugar, Fuel & Chemical Agenda - Where are we? 4 Aggregate Biotechnology Industry Performance - The First 30 Years 5 "There is little doubt that, since the invention of genetic

311

Chemical and Materials Sciences Building | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Materials Advanced Materials Research Areas Research Highlights Facilities and Capabilities Science to Energy Solutions News & Awards Events and Conferences Supporting Organizations Advanced Materials Home | Science & Discovery | Advanced Materials | Facilities and Capabilities SHARE Chemical and Materials Sciences Building Chemical and Materials Sciences Building, 411 ORNL's Chemical and Materials Sciences Building provides modern laboratory and office space for researchers studying and developing materials and chemical processes for energy-related technologies. The Chemical and Materials Sciences Building is a 160,000 square foot facility that provides modern laboratory and office space for ORNL researchers who are studying and developing materials and chemical

312

Chemical tracking at the Rocky Flats Plant  

SciTech Connect

EG&G Rocky Flats, Inc., has developed a chemical tracking system to support compliance with the Emergency Planning and community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) at the Rocky Flats Plant. This system, referred to as the EPCRA Chemical Control system (ECCS), uses bar code technology to uniquely identify and track the receipt, distribution, and use of chemicals. Chemical inventories are conducted using hand-held electronic scanners to update a site wide chemical database on a VAX 6000 computer. Information from the ECCS supports preparation of the EPCRA Tier II and Form R reports on chemical storage and use.

Costain, D.B.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Temperature effects on chemical structure and motion in coal. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to apply recently developed, state-of-the-art nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques to examine in situ changes in the chemical structure and molecular/macromolecular motion in coal as the temperature is increased above room temperature. Although alterations in the chemical structure of coal have been studied previously by {sup 13}C NMR, using quenched samples, the goal of this project was to examine these chemical structural changes, and changes in molecular/macromolecular mobility that may precede or accompany the chemical changes, at elevated temperatures, using modern {sup 13}C and {sup 1}H NMR techniques, especially {sup 1}H dipolar-dephasing techniques and related experiments pioneered in the laboratory for examining pyridine-saturated coals. This project consisted of the following four primary segments and related efforts on matters relevant to the first four tasks. (1) {sup 1}H NMR characterization of coal structure and mobility as a function of temperature variation over a temperature range (30--240 C) for which substantial chemical transformations were not anticipated. (2) {sup 1}H NMR characterization of coal structure, mobility and conversion as a function of temperature variation over a temperature range (240--500 C) for which chemical transformations of coal are known to occur. (3) {sup 13}C NMR investigation of coal structure/mobility as a function of temperature over a temperature range (30--240 C) for which substantial chemical transformations were not anticipated. (4) {sup 13}C NMR investigation of coal structure, dynamics and conversion as a function of temperature variation over a range (240--500 C) for which chemical transformations of coal are known to occur. (5) Related matters relevant to the first four tasks: (a) {sup 1}H CRAMPS NMR characterization of oil shales and their kerogen concentrates; and (b) improved quantitation in {sup 13}C MAS characterization of coals.

Maciel, G.E.

1996-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

314

DEVELOPMENTAL ALTERATIONS IN OLIVARY CLIMBING FIBER DISTRIBUTION FOLLOWING POSTNATAL ETHANOL EXPOSURE IN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEVELOPMENTAL ALTERATIONS IN OLIVARY CLIMBING FIBER DISTRIBUTION FOLLOWING POSTNATAL ETHANOL 72205-7199, USA Abstract--Ethanol exposure during postnatal days (PN) 4­6 in rats alters cerebellar happens to the neurons that survive. In this study, rat pups were treated with a daily dose of ethanol

Hayar, Abdallah

315

Altered solar wind -magnetosphere interaction at low Mach numbers: coronal mass ejections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Altered solar wind - magnetosphere interaction at low Mach numbers: coronal mass ejections Benoit fundamental alterations of the solar wind ­ magnetosphere interaction that occur during low Mach number solar wind. We first show that low Mach number solar wind conditions are often characteristic of coronal mass

Boyer, Edmond

316

A review of fish swimming mechanics and behaviour in altered flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A review of fish swimming mechanics and behaviour in altered flows James C. Liao* Department of Neurobiology and Behaviour, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 1480, USA Fishes suspended in water are subject that alter otherwise uniform flows, which then have the potential to perturb the swimming motions of fishes

Liao, James C.

317

Fictional characters in participatory design sessions: Introducing the "design alter egos" technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......frequently performed in the computer included: listening to music, e-mailing, engaging in social...design alter egos, mainly as a mediation device, but they stated that they did not provide...alter egos acted effectively as generative devices during the first three design activities......

George Triantafyllakos; George Palaigeorgiou; Ioannis A. Tsoukalas

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Sex in advertising: dioecy alters the net benefits of attractiveness in Sagittaria latifolia (Alismataceae)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Royal Society 22 September 2006 research-article Sex in advertising: dioecy alters the net benefits of attractiveness in Sagittaria...S. latifolia Adobe PDF - rspb20063599supp1.pdf Sex in advertising: dioecy alters the net benefits of attractiveness in Sagittaria...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

OSHA List of Hazardous Chemicals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OSHA List of Hazardous Chemicals OSHA List of Hazardous Chemicals ACETALDEHYDE ACETAMIDE ACETIC ACID ACETIC ANHYDRIDE ACETONE ACETONItr ILE ACETYLAMINOFLUORENE, 2- ACETYLENE ACETYLENE DICHLORIDE ACETYLENE TETRABROMIDE ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID (ASPIRIN) ACROLEIN ACRYLAMIDE ACRYLIC ACID ACRYLONITRILE ACTINOMYCIN D ADRIAMYCIN AFLATOXINS ALDRIN ALLYL ALCOHOL ALLYL CHLORIDE ALLYL GLYCIDYL ETHER (AGE) ALLYL PROPYL DISULFIDE ALUMINA ALUMINUM, METAL DUST, AS AL ALUMINUM, PYRO POWDERS, AS AL ALUMINUM, SOLUBLE SALTS, AS AL ALUMINUM, WELDING FUMES, AS AL ALUMINUM, ALKYLS, NOT OTHERWISE CLASSIFIED, AS AL ALUMINUM OXIDE, AS AL AMINOANTHRAQUINONE (AAQ), AMINOAZOTOLUENE, O- AMINOBIPHENYL, 4- AMINOETHANOL, 2- AMINO-2-METHYLANTHRAQUINONE, 1- AMINO-5-(5-NITRO-2-FURYL)- -1, 3,4-THIADIADIAZOLE, 2- AMINOPYRIDINE, 2- AMINO-1,2,4-TRIAZOLE, 3-

320

Olefin recovery via chemical absorption  

SciTech Connect

The recovery of fight olefins in petrochemical plants has generally been accomplished through cryogenic distillation, a process which is very capital and energy intensive. In an effort to simplify the recovery process and reduce its cost, BP Chemicals has developed a chemical absorption technology based on an aqueous silver nitrate solution. Stone & Webster is now marketing, licensing, and engineering the technology. The process is commercially ready for recovering olefins from olefin derivative plant vent gases, such as vents from polyethylene, polypropylene, ethylene oxide, and synthetic ethanol units. The process can also be used to debottleneck C{sub 2} or C{sub 3} splinters, or to improve olefin product purity. This paper presents the olefin recovery imp technology, discusses its applications, and presents economics for the recovery of ethylene and propylene.

Barchas, R. [Stone & Webster Engineering Corporation, Houston, TX (United States)

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

ITP Chemicals: Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Chemical...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the U.S. Chemical Industry, May 2000 profilefull.pdf More Documents & Publications Steam System Opportunity Assessment for the Pulp and Paper, Chemical Manufacturing, and...

322

Cotton Harvest-Aid Chemicals.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are generally clas sified as defoliants~ desiccants and growth regulators. True defoliants are chemicals that cause abscission and shedding of leaves earlier than normal but do not necessarily kill the entire plant. Defoliation is usually a milder treatment... conditions ""Extension cotton specialist and Extension agronomist-cotton, The Texas A&M University System. 3 ? Prolonged periods of wet weather following treatment ? Plants in vegetative growth state with low fruit set ? Plants severely moisture...

Metzer, Robert B.; Supak, James

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Air Products Chemicals Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Air Products Chemicals Inc Air Products Chemicals Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Air Products & Chemicals Inc Place Allentown, Pennsylvania Zip 18195 Sector Hydro, Hydrogen, Services Product A global supplier of merchant hydrogen with a portfolio of products, services and solutions providing gases, performance materials and chemical intermediates. References Air Products & Chemicals Inc[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Air Products & Chemicals Inc is a company located in Allentown, Pennsylvania . References ↑ "Air Products & Chemicals Inc" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Air_Products_Chemicals_Inc&oldid=341937

324

How Do I Work with Chemicals?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

whether you will be working with chemicals at the ALS. In the Experiment Safety Sheet (ESS), identify each chemical that you will be working with and let ALS This e-mail address...

325

PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHIC, BIOLOGICAL, AND CHEMICAL DATA-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHIC, BIOLOGICAL, AND CHEMICAL DATA- SOUTH ATLANTIC COA- Fish and Wildlife Service, Arnie J. Suomela, Commissioner PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAFHTC, BIOLOGICAL- LIST OF TABLES Table #12;Physical Oceanographic , Biological, and Chemical Data South Atlantic Coast

326

Chemical vapor deposition of functionalized isobenzofuran polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a platform for deposition of polymer thin films that can be further tailored by chemical surface modification. First, we explore chemical vapor deposition of functionalized isobenzofuran films using ...

Olsson, Ylva Kristina

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Army urged to resume burning chemical arms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Army urged to resume burning chemical arms ... Under baseline, the weapon is disassembled into four components—the chemical agent, energetic materials, metal parts, and dunnage (waste)—with each incinerated separately. ...

1994-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

328

The Chemical Thesaurus 3.1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Chemical Thesaurus 3.1 ... As a thesaurus, the Chemical Thesaurus 3 (henceforth CT3) is more like a “classic” thesaurusa treasury or storehouserather than the hierarchical thesauri used for information retrieval (e.g. ...

Robert E. Buntrock

2003-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

329

SPOTLIGHT on: Lindsay Freeman Chemical Engineering (Nanotechnology)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SPOTLIGHT on: Lindsay Freeman Chemical Engineering (Nanotechnology) Undergraduate Hometown.D. in chemical engineering with an emphasis in nanotechnology. Lindsay stands out as a very well-balanced student

Wang, Hai

330

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING 2014-2016 CATALOG  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

..............................1 CHE 317, Intro to Chemical Engineering Analysis...................3 CH 353, Physical ChemistryCHEMICAL ENGINEERING 2014-2016 CATALOG (catalog valid until August 2022) Suggested Arrangement Semester Semester Hours CH 302, Principles of Chemistry II ...........................................3 CH

Lightsey, Glenn

331

Overseas investment key to chemical trade surplus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Paradoxically, investing in new plants overseas can go a long way toward maintaining the U.S. chemical trade surplus, according to a report written by the Commerce Department's Office of Technology Policy and the Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA)."...

1995-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

332

Iraq believed using chemical arms again  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Iraq believed using chemical arms again ... The U.S. believes it has strong evidence that Iraq is again using chemical weapons in its protracted war with Iran. ... Both Iraq and Iran are signatories to that treaty. ...

1986-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

333

Alternative Energy Department of Chemical Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alternative Energy Department of Chemical Engineering Graduate Handbook 2013-2014 Gina Eagan, Graduate Program Coordinator Professor Matthew Yates, Director of Alternative Energy #12;University of Rochester Graduate Handbook Alternative Energy updated August, 2013 Department of Chemical Engineering Page

Mahon, Bradford Z.

334

Alternative Energy Department of Chemical Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alternative Energy Department of Chemical Engineering Graduate Handbook 2014-2015 Victoria Heberling, Graduate Program Coordinator Professor Matthew Yates, Director of Alternative Energy #12;University of Rochester Graduate Handbook Alternative Energy updated August, 2013 Department of Chemical

Cantlon, Jessica F.

335

The Mork Family Department of Chemical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in automotive and space-related industries to materials used in the biomedical and electronics elds. Chemical

Zhou, Chongwu

336

chemical (CHE) CHE overview programs available  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in automotive and space-related industries to materials used in the biomedical and electronics fields. Chemical

Rohs, Remo

337

Lattice Boltzmann Simulations in Chemical Engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lattice Boltzmann approaches are presented for solving flow problems in chemical engineering. The lattice BGK (LBGK) method has been adapted...

D. Hänel; U. Lantermann; R. Kaiser

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

CHEMICAL BIODYNAMICS DIVISION ANNUAL REPORT 1978  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

chemical Conversion and Storage of Solar Energy. Cambridge,Conversion and Storage of Solar Energy. Cambridge, England.

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Correlations Between Optical, Chemical and Physical Properties...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biomass Burn Aerosols. Correlations Between Optical, Chemical and Physical Properties of Biomass Burn Aerosols. Abstract: Single scattering albedo (?) and Angstrom...

340

CHEMICAL SIGNATURES FOR SUPERHEAVY ELEMENTARY PARTICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

searches for technetium, promethium and and expresses hisoccurring technetium, promethium, natural constituents ofany technetium or promethium found by chemical separation

Cahn, Robert N.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Chemical genetics: how does it function?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...The approach termed chemical genetics aims to emulate...genetics as a discovery platform using small molecules...mutations. Forward chemical genetics involves identifying...Demonstrate activity in cells Chemical optimization of small...High-throughput synthesis platforms based on resins, small...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

International Criminalization of Chemical and Biological Weapons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Criminalization of Chemical and Biological Weapons Matthew Meselson The American. As a biologist seeking the effective elimination of biological and chemical weapons and concerned with the need or chemical weapons or who order or direct anyone to engage in these activities. Prohibitions against

Sussex, University of

343

ORGANISATION FOR THE PROHIBITION OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORGANISATION FOR THE PROHIBITION OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION ON THE PROHIBITION OF THE DEVELOPMENT, PRODUCTION, STOCKPILING AND USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS AND ON THEIR DESTRUCTION OPCW #12;#12;CONVENTION ON THE PROHIBITION OF THE DEVELOPMENT, PRODUCTION, STOCKPILING AND USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS

Sussex, University of

344

Rising Oil Prices Hit Chemical Industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rising Oil Prices Hit Chemical Industry ... Rising petroleum prices have dogged chemical makers for more than a year, and in the third quarter, the situation has only gotten worse. ... Although chemical makers had factored high feedstock costs into their planning, the recent sudden spikes in oil costs may have caught the industry off guard. ...

ALEX TULLO

2000-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

345

CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL AND NUCLEAR TERRORISM/WARFARE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL AND NUCLEAR TERRORISM/WARFARE A BIBLIOGRAPHY Compiled by Greta E. Marlatt;CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL AND NUCLEAR TERRORISM/WARFARE A BIBLIOGRAPHY Complied by Greta E. Marlatt With thanks 2003 1 #12;PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 2 #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS CHEMICAL TERRORISM

346

Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center Center of Excellence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

alternatives and assess economics and life cycle analysis of borohydride/water to hydrogen · Millennium CellChemical Hydrogen Storage Center Center of Excellence for Chemical Hydrogen Storage William Tumas proprietary or confidential information #12;2 Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center Overview Project Start Date: FY

Carver, Jeffrey C.

347

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Fall Term Spring Term  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHEG 332 Chemical Engineering Kinetics 3 CHEG 342 Heat and Mass Transfer 3 CHEG 341 Fluid Mechanics 3CHEMICAL ENGINEERING CURRICULUM Fall Term Spring Term EGGG 101 Introduction to Engineering (FYE) 2 CHEG 112 Introduction to Chemical Engineering 3 CHEM 111 General Chemistry 3 CHEM 112 General Chemistry

Lee, Kelvin H.

348

Chemical Marketing and Economics Division reprints  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemical Marketing and Economics Division reprints ... The ACS Chemical Marketing and Economics Division has available reprints of the symposiums listed below. ... Make checks payable to Chemical Marketing and Economics Division, ACS, and send to the assistant treasurer, H. C. McClure, Richardson Co., 2700 West Lake St., Melrose Park, Ill. ...

1968-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

349

Chemical kinetics and combustion modeling  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this program is to gain qualitative insight into how pollutants are formed in combustion systems and to develop quantitative mathematical models to predict their formation rates. The approach is an integrated one, combining low-pressure flame experiments, chemical kinetics modeling, theory, and kinetics experiments to gain as clear a picture as possible of the process in question. These efforts are focused on problems involved with the nitrogen chemistry of combustion systems and on the formation of soot and PAH in flames.

Miller, J.A. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Microcomponent chemical process sheet architecture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a microcomponent sheet architecture wherein macroscale unit processes are performed by microscale components. The sheet architecture may be a single laminate with a plurality of separate microcomponent sections or the sheet architecture may be a plurality of laminates with one or more microcomponent sections on each laminate. Each microcomponent or plurality of like microcomponents perform at least one chemical process unit operation. A first laminate having a plurality of like first microcomponents is combined with at least a second laminate having a plurality of like second microcomponents thereby combining at least two unit operations to achieve a system operation. 26 figs.

Wegeng, R.S.; Drost, M.K.; Call, C.J.; Birmingham, J.G.; McDonald, C.E.; Kurath, D.E.; Friedrich, M.

1998-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

351

Microcomponent chemical process sheet architecture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a microcomponent sheet architecture wherein macroscale unit processes are performed by microscale components. The sheet architecture may be a single laminate with a plurality of separate microcomponent sections or the sheet architecture may be a plurality of laminates with one or more microcomponent sections on each laminate. Each microcomponent or plurality of like microcomponents perform at least one chemical process unit operation. A first laminate having a plurality of like first microcomponents is combined with at least a second laminate having a plurality of like second microcomponents thereby combining at least two unit operations to achieve a system operation.

Wegeng, Robert S. (Richland, WA); Drost, M. Kevin (Richland, WA); Call, Charles J. (Pasco, WA); Birmingham, Joseph G. (Richland, WA); McDonald, Carolyn Evans (Richland, WA); Kurath, Dean E. (Benton County, WA); Friedrich, Michele (Prosser, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Microsoft Word - 2.9 Chemical Owners 0913.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical Owners Chemical Owners AFRD Line Management personnel who authorize the use of chemicals in their group's work retain responsibility for ensuring that the chemicals are properly inventoried, labeled, stored, used, and disposed. They may choose to remain Chemical Owners as described in the LBNL Chemical Hygiene and Safety Plan and manage the chemicals themselves, or delegate chemical management tasks to appropriately trained AFRD or matrixed personnel who have knowledge of the chemicals' hazards, controls, and procedures for using and storing them safely. The chemical inventory for each AFRD work area must be maintained on the Chemical Management System. When chemical management tasks are delegated, the AFRD Line Management personnel must also

353

Nuclear energy field fascinates David Parkinson, chemical engineer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear energy field fascinates David Parkinson, chemical engineer Nuclear energy field fascinates David Parkinson, chemical engineer Chemical engineer undergraduate designs and...

354

Geology and alteration of the Raft River geothermal system, Idaho | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

alteration of the Raft River geothermal system, Idaho alteration of the Raft River geothermal system, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Geology and alteration of the Raft River geothermal system, Idaho Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: analcime; Cassia County Idaho; Cenozoic; chlorite; chlorite group; clay minerals; economic geology; exploration; framework silicates; geothermal energy; Idaho; illite; kaolinite; laumontite; montmorillonite; Neogene; Precambrian; Raft Formation; Raft River KGRA; Salt Lake Formation; sheet silicates; silicates; Tertiary; United States; wairakite; wells; zeolite group Author(s): Blackett, R.E.; Kolesar, P.T. Published: Geothermal Resource Council Transactions 1983, 1/1/1983 Document Number: Unavailable DOI: Unavailable

355

Chemical Looping for Combustion and Hydrogen Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ChemiCal looping for Combustion and ChemiCal looping for Combustion and hydrogen produCtion Objective The objective of this project is to determine the benefits of chemical looping technology used with coal to reduce CO 2 emissions. Background Chemical looping is a new method to convert coal or gasified coal to energy. In chemical looping, there is no direct contact between air and fuel. The chemical looping process utilizes oxygen from metal oxide oxygen carrier for fuel combustion, or for making hydrogen by "reducing" water. In combustion applications, the products of chemical looping are CO 2 and H 2 O. Thus, once the steam is condensed, a relatively pure stream of CO 2 is produced ready for sequestration. The production of a sequestration ready CO 2 stream does not require any additional separation units

356

Chemical & Engineering Materials | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical and Engineering Materials Chemical and Engineering Materials SHARE Chemical and Engineering Materials Neutron-based research at SNS and HFIR in Chemical and Engineering Materials strives to understand the structure and dynamics of chemical systems and novel engineering materials. The user community takes advantage of capabilities of neutron scattering for measurements over wide ranges of experimental and operating conditions, including studies of chemical and physical changes in situ. User experiments with diffraction, small-angle scattering, inelastic and quasi-elastic scattering, and neutron imaging instruments address a range of problems in chemistry and in engineering materials research. Current areas of research supported within Chemical and Engineering Materials include: The structure and dynamics of electrical energy storage materials

357

Sanyo Chemical Industries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Chemical Industries Chemical Industries Jump to: navigation, search Name Sanyo Chemical Industries Place Tokyo, Japan Zip 103-0023 Product String representation "Sanyo is a petr ... uction process." is too long. References Sanyo Chemical Industries[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Sanyo Chemical Industries is a company located in Tokyo, Japan . References ↑ "Sanyo Chemical Industries" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Sanyo_Chemical_Industries&oldid=350614" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

358

Atlanta Chemical Engineering LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Atlanta Chemical Engineering LLC Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Atlanta Chemical Engineering LLC Name Atlanta Chemical Engineering LLC Place Marietta, Georgia Zip 30064 Country United States Sector Biomass Year founded 2008 Company Type For Profit Company Ownership Private Small Business Yes References Atlanta Chemical Engineering LLC[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Atlanta Chemical Engineering LLC is a company based in Marietta, Georgia. References ↑ "Atlanta Chemical Engineering LLC" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Atlanta_Chemical_Engineering_LLC&oldid=699086"

359

Chemical and Engineering Materials | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical and Engineering Materials Chemical and Engineering Materials SHARE Chemical and Engineering Materials Neutron-based research at SNS and HFIR in Chemical and Engineering Materials strives to understand the structure and dynamics of chemical systems and novel engineering materials. The user community takes advantage of capabilities of neutron scattering for measurements over wide ranges of experimental and operating conditions, including studies of chemical and physical changes in situ. User experiments with diffraction, small-angle scattering, inelastic and quasi-elastic scattering, and neutron imaging instruments address a range of problems in chemistry and in engineering materials research. Current areas of research supported within Chemical and Engineering Materials include: The structure and dynamics of electrical energy storage materials

360

Chemical & Engineering Materials | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical and Engineering Materials Chemical and Engineering Materials SHARE Chemical and Engineering Materials Neutron-based research at SNS and HFIR in Chemical and Engineering Materials strives to understand the structure and dynamics of chemical systems and novel engineering materials. The user community takes advantage of capabilities of neutron scattering for measurements over wide ranges of experimental and operating conditions, including studies of chemical and physical changes in situ. User experiments with diffraction, small-angle scattering, inelastic and quasi-elastic scattering, and neutron imaging instruments address a range of problems in chemistry and in engineering materials research. Current areas of research supported within Chemical and Engineering Materials include: The structure and dynamics of electrical energy storage materials

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Altered swelling and ion fluxes in articular cartilage as a biomarker in osteoarthritis and joint immobilization: a computational analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Altered swelling and ion fluxes in articular...Aragon Institute of Engineering Research (I3A...Spain 2 Mechanical Engineering Department, School of Engineering and Architecture...tissue. Swelling and ion flux alteration as...

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered hematopoietic stem Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction Hematopoietic ... Source: Zandstra, Peter W. - Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto Collection: Biotechnology 2...

363

Chemical heat pump and chemical energy storage system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chemical heat pump and storage system employs sulfuric acid and water. In one form, the system includes a generator and condenser, an evaporator and absorber, aqueous acid solution storage and water storage. During a charging cycle, heat is provided to the generator from a heat source to concentrate the acid solution while heat is removed from the condenser to condense the water vapor produced in the generator. Water is then stored in the storage tank. Heat is thus stored in the form of chemical energy in the concentrated acid. The heat removed from the water vapor can be supplied to a heat load of proper temperature or can be rejected. During a discharge cycle, water in the evaporator is supplied with heat to generate water vapor, which is transmitted to the absorber where it is condensed and absorbed into the concentrated acid. Both heats of dilution and condensation of water are removed from the thus diluted acid. During the discharge cycle the system functions as a heat pump in which heat is added to the system at a low temperature and removed from the system at a high temperature. The diluted acid is stored in an acid storage tank or is routed directly to the generator for reconcentration. The generator, condenser, evaporator, and absorber all are operated under pressure conditions specified by the desired temperature levels for a given application. The storage tanks, however, can be maintained at or near ambient pressure conditions. In another form, the heat pump system is employed to provide usable heat from waste process heat by upgrading the temperature of the waste heat.

Clark, Edward C. (Woodinville, WA); Huxtable, Douglas D. (Bothell, WA)

1985-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

364

E-Print Network 3.0 - alter prostate area Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: alter prostate area Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer found in males in the United States. Summary:...

365

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol exposure alters Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

alters Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Influence of Age at Drinking Onset on Long-Term Ethanol Self-Administration With Deprivation and Summary: of alcohol exposure. In particular,...

366

E-Print Network 3.0 - alter call meaning Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

within the native range is a central means by which... -off (also called a convex trade-off) tends to hamper adaptation to the conditions in human-altered habitats......

367

Global warming alters sound transmission: differential impact on the prey detection ability of echolocating bats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research articles 1004 69 Global warming alters sound transmission: differential...change in community composition. Global warming can thus directly affect the prey...prey. echolocation|foraging|global warming|sensory ecology|species interactions...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters nociceptive effects Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

due to an alteration in nociceptive processing rather than other defects. Previous... ; White et al. 1989). Based on studies of the effects of mibefradil, a prefer- ential T-type...

369

Altered HOX and WNT7A expression in human lung cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Altered HOX and WNT7A expression in human lung cancer 10.1073/pnas.97.23.12776 Roser Calvo James West Wilbur Franklin Paul Erickson Lynne Bemis Efang Li Barbara Helfrich Paul Bunn Joelle Roche Elisabeth Brambilla...

Roser Calvo; James West; Wilbur Franklin; Paul Erickson; Lynne Bemis; Efang Li; Barbara Helfrich; Paul Bunn; Joelle Roche; Elisabeth Brambilla; Rafael Rosell; Robert M. Gemmill; Harry A. Drabkin

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered cell viability Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2009; 43(2): 108-119. doi:10.2478v10019-009-0017-9 Introduction Summary: gradient. B16-F1 cells swelling, the viability protocol was slightly altered from the one described...

371

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters fibronectin based Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fragment of fibronectin or a peptide based on the functional upstream domain of protein F1 of Streptococcus... fibronectin did not alter the bleeding time and in vitro clotting...

372

E-Print Network 3.0 - alteration processes occurred Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

<< < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 41 9DSRXU 3KDVH +GUDWLRQ RI %OHQGHG 2LGH 0DJQR :DVWH *ODVVHV Neil C. Hyatt,1* Summary: a period of 5 - 25 days. The alteration...

373

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered blood-brain barrier Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

blood-brain barrier Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: altered blood-brain barrier Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Applications are...

374

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered gravity brain Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

brain Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: altered gravity brain Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 WHITE PAPER 20092010 DECADAL SURVEY ON...

375

Nano-Continuum Modeling of a Nuclear Glass Specimen Altered for 25 Years  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. Nano-Continuum Modeling of aNano-Continuum Modeling of a Nuclear Glass Specimen AlteredSignature on File) iv Nano-Continuum Modeling of a Nuclear

Steefel, Carl

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

E-Print Network 3.0 - alter breathing cardiovascular Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: alter breathing cardiovascular Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Heart rate dynamics during three forms of meditation C.-K. Penga,*, Isaac C. Henrya Summary:...

377

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters heart rate Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

heart rate Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alters heart rate Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Automatic quantification of liver-heart...

378

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters dual-species biofilm Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for: alters dual-species biofilm Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, 0099-22400004.00 0 Summary: in a Dual-Species Biofilm Exposed to Mixed...

379

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered conidial germination Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Biology and Medicine 11 R E S E A R C H L E T T E R Copper deciency in potato dextrose agar causes reduced Summary: significant alterations in conidial and mycelial...

380

POST OAK SAVANNA IN TRANSITION: JUNIPER ENCROACHMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE ALTER GRASSLAND SOIL RESPIRATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The amount of carbon flux from soils on a global scale is estimated at over 75 x 1015 g C yr-1. Climate change is projected to affect regional environmental conditions, raising temperatures and altering precipitation patterns. The semi...

Thompson, Bennie

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Examination of dioxin and its alteration of gene expression via DNA Microarray Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), and ADD/ADHD. Little evidence has been available to demonstrate how dioxin specifically alters gene expression, both in developing embryos and adults. Recently, Texas A&M University has acquired several DNA Microarray Systems, which are revolutionizing...

Wright, Justin Charles

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

382

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters food-web structure Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

food-web structure Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alters food-web structure Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Journal of Theoretical...

383

E-Print Network 3.0 - alter animal welfare Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

andor device that may be expected to be injurious to its health or welfare. 5. Care... or stress to the animals or could alter the integrity of ... Source: Baker, Chris I....

384

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered f-actin architecture Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

f-actin architecture Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: altered f-actin architecture Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 High-resolution...

385

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters hepatic expression Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alters hepatic expression Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 How Hepatitis D Virus Can Hinder the Control of Hepatitis B...

386

2014-15 A&R PROJECT SUBMISSION PROCEDURE Alterations and Renovations Budget is intended to fund alterations or renovations to spaces where  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 2014-15 A&R PROJECT SUBMISSION ­ PROCEDURE Alterations and Renovations Budget is intended to fund projects to submit for funding consideration, you should be aware that special emphasis will be placed on those projects which will assist the university in meeting its planning priorities and, in particular

Brownstone, Rob

387

Altered Amino Acid Sequence Affects Amyloid Formation In A?(25-35)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ALTERED AMINO ACID SEQUENCE AFFECTS AMYLOID FORMATION IN A?(25-35) A Senior Scholars Thesis by MORGAN CHATEAU Submitted to the Office of Undergraduate Research Texas A&M University In partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR April 2007 Majors: Biochemistry and Genetics ALTERED AMINO ACID SEQUENCE AFFECTS AMYLOID FORMATION IN A?(25-35) A Senior Scholars Thesis by MORGAN CHATEAU Submitted to the Office...

Chateau, Morgan

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

388

Hydrothermal metamorphism and low-temperature alteration on the Mid-Atlantic ridge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inferred hydrothermal fluid vent sites. The style of alteration of these rocks ranges from weathering at ambient ocean floor temperatures to metamorphism at greenshist facies conditions, The alteration products associated with the weathered ba- salts... collected from the hydrothermal vent site exhibit chemistries similar to those expected for rocks weathered at low temperatures. These rocks have lost Mg, Si, Ca and S and have gained K, Mn, H 0 and 2 possibly Pe. The greenschist facies rocks...

Peron, Philippe Raymond

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

389

Screening Techniques for use in the Chemical Weapon Field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemical analysis is essential when dealing with issues associated with the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and its requirement to destroy all chemical weapons. Chemical analysis is required to verify declarati...

Dr A. N. Trethewey

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

20 - Chemical looping combustion (CLC)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: Chemical-looping combustion (CLC) is a new combustion technology with inherent separation of the greenhouse gas CO2. The technology involves the use of a metal oxide as an oxygen carrier which transfers oxygen from combustion air to the fuel, and hence a direct contact between air and fuel is avoided. Two inter-connected fluidized beds, i.e. fuel reactor and air reactor, are used in the process. The outlet gas from the fuel reactor consists ideally of CO2 and H2O, and the latter is easily removed by condensation. This chapter presents the basic principles, gives an overview of oxygen-carrier materials and operational experiences, discusses the application to gaseous, liquid and solid fuels, and the use for combustion as well as for hydrogen production.

A. Lyngfelt

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Chemical modeling of exoplanet atmospheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The past twenty years have revealed the diversity of planets that exist in the Universe. It turned out that most of exoplanets are different from the planets of our Solar System and thus, everything about them needs to be explored. Thanks to current observational technologies, we are able to determine some information about the atmospheric composition, the thermal structure and the dynamics of these exoplanets, but many questions remain still unanswered. To improve our knowledge about exoplanetary systems, more accurate observations are needed and that is why the Exoplanet Characterisation Observatory (EChO) is an essential space mission. Thanks to its large spectral coverage and high spectral resolution, EChO will provide exoplanetary spectra with an unprecedented accuracy, allowing to improve our understanding of exoplanets. In this work, we review what has been done to date concerning the chemical modeling of exoplanet atmospheres and what are the main characteristics of warm exoplanet atmospheres, which a...

Venot, Olivia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Chemically assisted mechanical refrigeration process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is provided a chemically assisted mechanical refrigeration process including the steps of: mechanically compressing a refrigerant stream which includes vaporized refrigerant; contacting the refrigerant with a solvent in a mixer at a pressure sufficient to promote substantial dissolving of the refrigerant in the solvent in the mixer to form a refrigerant-solvent solution while concurrently placing the solution in heat exchange relation with a working medium to transfer energy to the working medium, said refrigerant-solvent solution exhibiting a negative deviation from Raoult's Law; reducing the pressure over the refrigerant-solvent solution in an evaporator to allow the refrigerant to vaporize and substantially separate from the solvent while concurrently placing the evolving refrigerant-solvent solution in heat exchange relation with a working medium to remove energy from the working medium to thereby form a refrigerant stream and a solvent stream; and passing the solvent and refrigerant stream from the evaporator. 5 figs.

Vobach, A.R.

1987-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

393

Chemically assisted mechanical refrigeration process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is provided a chemically assisted mechanical refrigeration process including the steps of: mechanically compressing a refrigerant stream which includes vaporized refrigerant; contacting the refrigerant with a solvent in a mixer at a pressure sufficient to promote substantial dissolving of the refrigerant in the solvent in the mixer to form a refrigerant-solvent solution while concurrently placing the solution in heat exchange relation with a working medium to transfer energy to the working medium, said refrigerant-solvent solution exhibiting a negative deviation from Raoult's Law; reducing the pressure over the refrigerant-solvent solution in an evaporator to allow the refrigerant to vaporize and substantially separate from the solvent while concurrently placing the evolving refrigerant-solvent solution in heat exchange relation with a working medium to remove energy from the working medium to thereby form a refrigerant stream and a solvent stream; and passing the solvent and refrigerant stream from the evaporator. 5 figs.

Vobach, A.R.

1987-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

394

Sandia National Laboratories: American Chemical SocietyInternational...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials LaboratoryAmerican Chemical Society International-Domestic Student Summit American Chemical Society International-Domestic Student Summit...

395

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Chemical Manufacturing:  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Resources & Links Resources & Links Technical Information Publications Case Studies CD-ROMs Publications The following publications are available for download as Adobe PDF documents. Download Acrobat Reader. Chemicals Annual Report (PDF 509 KB) This report provides a summary of activities and R&D projects in fiscal year 2004. Order the Annual Report from the ITP Clearinghouse at 1-800-862-2086. Chemical Industry of the Future Tools & Publications The Industrial Technologies Program offers a wide array of publications, videos, software, and other information products for improving energy efficiency in the chemical industry. Chemical Bandwidth Study Analyzes Energy Savings Opportunities ITP's Chemicals portfolio works with the chemical industry to develop energy-efficient technologies. Read this report (PDF 1.16 MB)

396

Coal Direct Chemical Looping (CDCL) Process Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Direct Chemical Looping (CDCL) Retrofit to Direct Chemical Looping (CDCL) Retrofit to Pulverized Coal Power Plants for In-Situ CO 2 Capture William G. Lowrie Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering The Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210 Award #: DE-NT0005289 PI: Liang-Shih Fan Presenter: Samuel Bayham Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering The Ohio State University 2013 NETL CO2 Capture Technology Meeting July 11, 2013 Pittsburgh, PA Clean Coal Research Laboratory at The Ohio State University Sub-Pilot Scale Unit 250kW th Pilot Unit (Wilsonville, Alabama) Syngas Chemical Looping Coal-Direct Chemical Looping Cold Flow Model Sub-Pilot Scale Unit HPHT Slurry Bubble Column 120kW th Demonstration Unit Calcium Looping Process CCR Process Sub-Pilot Unit F-T Process

397

Chemical kinetics models for semiconductor processing  

SciTech Connect

Chemical reactions in the gas-phase and on surfaces are important in the deposition and etching of materials for microelectronic applications. A general software framework for describing homogeneous and heterogeneous reaction kinetics utilizing the Chemkin suite of codes is presented. Experimental, theoretical and modeling approaches to developing chemical reaction mechanisms are discussed. A number of TCAD application modules for simulating the chemically reacting flow in deposition and etching reactors have been developed and are also described.

Coltrin, M.E.; Creighton, J.R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Meeks, E.; Grcar, J.F.; Houf, W.G. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States); Kee, R.J. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

398

Integrated chemical management system: A tool for managing chemical information at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site  

SciTech Connect

The Integrated Chemical Management System is a computer-based chemical information at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site. Chemical containers are identified by bar code labels and information on the type, quantity and location of chemicals are tracked on individual data bases in separate buildings. Chemical inventories from multiple buildings are uploaded to a central sitewide chemical data base where reports are available from Product, Waste, and Chemical Use modules. Hazardous chemical information is provided by a separate Material Safety Data Sheet module and excess chemicals are traded between chemical owners and users with the aid of the Chemical Exchange Module.

Costain, D. [Kaiser-Hill Co., Golden, CO (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Argonne Chemical Sciences & Engineering - Fundamental Interactions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* Chemical Dynamics * Chemical Dynamics * Solar Conversion Fundamental Interactions flame photosynthesis icon Chemical Dynamics Work focuses on theoretical and experimental investigation of the thermochemistry, dynamics, and kinetics of chemcial reactions in the gas phase, with a particular emphasis on reactions that are important to understanding combusion. Solar Conversion Work focuses on developing a fundamental understanding of structure-function relationships in biological photosynthesis and establishing principles for the design of biomimetic systems for solar energy conversion. Current funding for this work comes primarily from the Department of Energy Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Divisions. April 2011

400

Integrated Chemical Geothermometry System for Geothermal Exploration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE Geothermal Peer Review 2010 - Presentation. Develop practical and reliable system to predict geothermal reservoir temperatures from integrated chemical analyses of spring and well fluids.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Gaseous, Chemical, and Other Contaminant Descriptions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most contamination control technology considers generalized and often unidentified particulate material as the major contaminant, but there are many situations in which gases, chemical films, microbiological m...

Alvin Lieberman

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Solutia: Massachusetts Chemical Manufacturer Uses SECURE Methodology...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SECURE Methodology to Identify Potential Reductions in Utility and Process Energy Consumption Solutia: Massachusetts Chemical Manufacturer Uses SECURE Methodology to Identify...

403

COLLOQUIUM: Renewable Fuels and Chemicals | Princeton Plasma...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and models, will be reviewed. Wednesday Colloquium March 19, 2014, "Renewable Fuels and Chemicals" video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Colloquium...

404

Chemical Storage and Pumping of Solar Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemical heat storage is familiar to us, in the form of carbon compounds, which are the basis of our present energy economy (wood - coal - natural gas - oil).

A. Vialaron

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Cryogenic calorimetric contributions to chemical thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cryogenic calorimetric contributions to chemical thermodynamics ... It is the purpose of this paper to review current areas of research in cryogenic calorimetry. ...

Edgar F. Westrum Jr.

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Microbend fiber-optic chemical sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microbend fiber-optic chemical sensor for detecting chemicals in a sample, and a method for its use, is disclosed. The sensor comprises at least one optical fiber having a microbend section (a section of small undulations in its axis), for transmitting and receiving light. In transmission, light guided through the microbend section scatters out of the fiber core and interacts, either directly or indirectly, with the chemical in the sample, inducing fluorescence radiation. Fluorescence radiation is scattered back into the microbend section and returned to an optical detector for determining characteristics of the fluorescence radiation quantifying the presence of a specific chemical.

Weiss, Jonathan D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Method and apparatus for chemical synthesis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for forming a chemical hydride is described and which includes a pseudo-plasma-electrolysis reactor which is operable to receive a solution capable of forming a chemical hydride and which further includes a cathode and a movable anode, and wherein the anode is moved into and out of fluidic, ohmic electrical contact with the solution capable of forming a chemical hydride and which further, when energized produces an oxygen plasma which facilitates the formation of a chemical hydride in the solution.

Kong; Peter C. (Idaho Falls, ID), Herring; J. Stephen (Idaho Falls, ID), Grandy; Jon D. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

408

Rejuvenating Permeable Reactive Barriers by Chemical Flushing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Final Report:Rejuvenating Permeable Reactive Barriers by Chemical Flushing,U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 8 Support.August 2004

409

Chemical Magnetism Shouheng Sun, Chairman Semiconductivity,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical Magnetism Shouheng Sun, Chairman Semiconductivity, spin delocalization, and excited states of the single molecule magnets Fe 8 Br 8 and Mn 12 -acetate "invited... D....

410

Radiolysis and hydrolysis of magnetically assisted chemical separation particles  

SciTech Connect

The magnetically assisted chemical separation (MACS) process is designed to separate transuranic (TRU) elements out of high-level waste (HLW) or TRU waste. Magnetic microparticles (1--25 {mu}m) were coated with octyl (phenyl)N,N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide (CMPO) dissolved in tributyl phosphate (TBP) and tested for removing TRU elements from acidic nitrate solutions. The particles were contacted with nitric acid solutions and Hanford plutonium finishing plant (PFP) simulant, irradiated with a high intensity {sup 60}Co {gamma}-ray source, and evaluated for effectiveness in removing TRU elements from 2m HNO{sub 3} solutions. The resistance of the coatings and magnetic cores to radiolytic damage and hydrolytic degradation was investigated by irradiating samples of particles suspended in a variety of solutions with doses of up to 5 Mrad. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), magnetic susceptibility measurements, and physical observations of the particles and suspension solutions were used to assess physical changes to the particles. Processes that affect the surface of the particles dramatically alter the binding sites for TRU in solution. Hydrolysis played a larger role than radiolysis in the degradation of the extraction capacity of the particles.

Buchholz, B.A.; Nunez, L.; Vandegrift, G.F.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION BULLETIN News, Background and Comment on Chemical and Biological Warfare Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION BULLETIN News, Background and Comment on Chemical and Biological DUPLICATION Graham S Pearson HSP Advisory Board The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) was opened biological weapons and prohibit their development, produc- tion, stockpiling, acquisition and retention

Sussex, University of

412

Photo-Chemical Researches. Part II. Phenomena of Photo-Chemical Induction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 January 1857 research-article Photo-Chemical Researches. Part II. Phenomena of Photo-Chemical Induction Professor Bunsen Henry Enfield Roscoe The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access to Philosophical...

1857-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Photo-Chemical Researches. -- Part II. Phenomena of Photo-Chemical Induction.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1856-1857 research-article Photo-Chemical Researches. -- Part II. Phenomena of Photo-Chemical Induction. Prof. Bunsen Henry Enfield Roscoe The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access to Proceedings...

1856-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

CH E 2421 Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics I CH E 3322 Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physics PHYS 4312 Nuclear and Particle Physics Other Engineering Electives #12;CH E 2421 Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics I CH E 3322 Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics II CH E 3330 Engineering Materials Science CH E 4342 Polymer Physics

Zhang, Yuanlin

415

Polyfluoroalkyl chemicals in house dust  

SciTech Connect

We developed a high throughput analytical method using on-line solid phase extraction coupled with isotope dilution high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (on-line SPE-HPLC-MS/MS) to simultaneously determine the concentrations of 17 polyfluoroalkyl chemicals (PFCs) in house dust. The sample preparation includes dispersion of the dust samples in 0.1 M formic acid:MeOH (1:1), followed by agitation and filtration, addition of the isotope-labeled internal standard solution to the filtrate, and analysis by on-line SPE-HPLC-MS/MS. The limits of quantitation were <4.0 ng/g. The method accuracies ranged between 73.2% and 100.2% for the different analytes at two spike levels. We confirmed the validity of the method by analyzing 39 household dust samples collected in 2004. Of the 17 PFCs measured, 6 of them-perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBuS), N-ethyl-perfluorooctane sulfonamide, 2-(N-ethyl-perfluorooctane sulfonamido) acetic acid (Et-PFOSA-AcOH), 2-(N-methyl-perfluorooctane sulfonamido) ethanol (Me-PFOSA-EtOH), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS)-had detection frequencies >70%. We detected PFOS, PFBuS, and PFHxS at the highest median concentration, followed by Et-PFOSA-AcOH and Me-PFOSA-EtOH.

Kato, Kayoko [Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy., Mailstop F53, Atlanta, GA 30341 (United States)] [Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy., Mailstop F53, Atlanta, GA 30341 (United States); Calafat, Antonia M., E-mail: acalafat@cdc.gov [Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy., Mailstop F53, Atlanta, GA 30341 (United States); Needham, Larry L. [Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy., Mailstop F53, Atlanta, GA 30341 (United States)] [Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy., Mailstop F53, Atlanta, GA 30341 (United States)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print Wednesday, 28 January 2009 00:00 The heterogeneous catalysts used in most chemical processes typically consist of nanoscale metal or metal oxide particles dispersed on high-surface-area supports. While these particles are the active elements of the catalyst, the overall performance depends not only on their size and composition but also on their multiple interactions with the support, reactants, and products. Probing this chemical soup in real time under realistic reaction conditions is such a tall order that in some cases even the catalytically active chemical species is not known. A Dutch team working at the ALS has combined scanning transmission x-ray microscopy with a reaction chamber adapted from electron microscopy to identify the chemical species present for an iron-based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst and to image their distribution on the nanoscale. When developed further, this new tool may give chemists the ability to design and tailor catalysts for maximum selectivity and efficiency in a wide range of chemical processes.

417

Catalyzing innovations for sustainable chemicals & fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Catalyzing innovations for sustainable chemicals & fuels Annual Report 2013-2014 #12;a unique resource for industrial catalysis Simple and Safer Processes Skilled Scientists and Engineers Waste!on and the Environmental Protec!on Agency, creates a network for designing sustainable chemicals. A successful renewal

418

Coal-Based Chemical Complexes [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

20 March 1981 research-article Coal-Based Chemical Complexes [and Discussion...In addition to heat or kinetic energy, coal can be used to produce carbon (in various...and chemicals containing these elements. Coal conversion developments have recently tended...

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Chemical Engineering at McMaster University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical Engineering at McMaster University The Formative Years: A Brief History 1958-1982 Cameron of the foundation of the Faculty of Engineering at McMaster University, the authors decided to prepare a history. Woods #12;Copyright 2011 © Department of Chemical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, L

Thompson, Michael

420

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Fall Term Spring Term  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Engineering (FYE) 2 CHEM 112 General Chemistry 3 CHEM 111 General Chemistry 3 CHEG 112 Introduction I 3 CHEG 345 Chemical Engineering Laboratory I 3 CHEM 333 Organic Chemistry Laboratory 1 CHEM 332CHEMICAL ENGINEERING CURRICULUM FALL 2010 Fall Term Spring Term EGGG 101 Introduction

Lee, Kelvin H.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering Undergraduate Curriculum First Semester  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Name Hours CHEM 113 Fundamental Chemistry I 1 4 CHME 113 Intro to Chemical Engineering I 2 ENGR 010 Quantitative Chemistry Lab 1 2 CHME 114 Intro to Chemical Engineering II 2 MATH 107 Analytic Geometry Chemistry Lab 1 CHME 202 Mass & Energy Balances 3 ENGM 223 Engineering Statics 3 ENGR 020 Sophomore

Farritor, Shane

422

Chemical Reactor Analysis and Optimal Digestion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J 310 Chemical Reactor Analysis and Optimal Digestion An optimal digestion theory can be readily derived from basic principles o f chemical reactor analysis and design Deborah L. Penry and Peter for formulating and solving optimization problems (Bellman 1957), the entire process is optimized only

Jumars, Pete

423

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT AND GRADUATE SCHOOL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamics (ChE 2164) d. Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design (ChE 3184) e. Separation Processes (ChE 3134) f1 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT AND GRADUATE SCHOOL POLICIES AND PROCEDURES MANUAL REQUIREMENTS by concurrent registration if necessary. Departmental Core Graduate Courses The following five courses

Lu, Chang

424

State bans dumping of chemicals in landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

State bans dumping of chemicals in landfill ... California governor Edmund G. Brown Jr. has begun a program aimed at eliminating most hazardous-waste chemicals from landfills in that state—a goal that will be difficult and costly to achieve. ...

1981-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

425

Level MSc 2013/14 Chemical Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Level MSc 2013/14 Chemical Engineering MSc Chemical Engineering Coordinator: Dr. P Douglas Semester 1 Modules Semester 2 Modules EG-M01 Complex Fluids and Flows 10 Credits Dr. MS Barrow EGDM01 Colloid and Interface Science 10 Credits Dr. CM Mcfarlane EG-M47 Entrepreneurship for Engineers 10 Credits Professor K

Martin, Ralph R.

426

Level M 2013/14 Chemical Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the characterisation of complex fluids and associated engineering calculations for pipeline transport and other flowLevel M 2013/14 Chemical Engineering MEng Chemical Engineering[H801,H890] Coordinator: Dr. PM Williams Semester 1 Modules Semester 2 Modules EG-M01 Complex Fluids and Flows 10 Credits Dr. MS Barrow EG

Harman, Neal.A.

427

Chemical & Engineering News Serving the chemical, life sciences and laboratory worlds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fail. Fostering Creativity | Cover Story | Chemical & Engineering News httpChemical & Engineering News Serving the chemical, life sciences and laboratory worlds Cover Story Home » March 22, 2010 Issue » Cover Story » Bubbling With Enthusiasm » Fostering Creativity March 22

Zare, Richard N.

428

Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Institute for Chemicals and Fuels from Alternative Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The successful candidate will be an important member of the Institute for Chemicals and Fuels from AlternativeDepartment of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Institute for Chemicals and Fuels from Alternative Resources The University of Western Ontario Applications are invited for a junior faculty position

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

429

Nuclear Chemical EngineeringNuclear Chemical Engineering (Prof. Mikael Nilsson)(Prof. Mikael Nilsson)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Chemical EngineeringNuclear Chemical Engineering (Prof. Mikael Nilsson)(Prof. Mikael in nuclear engineering. Current work involves validation of computer codes for composition and toxicity for future nuclear waste reprocessing. Projects include new methods and chemicals used in solvent extraction

Mease, Kenneth D.

430

Nuclear Chemical EngineeringNuclear Chemical Engineering (Prof.(Prof. MikaelMikael Nilsson)Nilsson)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Chemical EngineeringNuclear Chemical Engineering (Prof.(Prof. MikaelMikael Nilsson in nuclear engineering. Current work involves validation of computer codes for composition and toxicity for future nuclear waste reprocessing. Projects include new methods and chemicals used in solvent extraction

Mease, Kenneth D.

431

Searching for the Solar System's Chemical Recipe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Searching for the Solar System's Searching for the Solar System's Chemical Recipe Searching for the Solar System's Chemical Recipe Print Wednesday, 20 February 2013 00:00 The ratio of isotopes in elements like oxygen, sulfur, and nitrogen were once thought to be much the same everywhere, determined only by their different masses. Then isotope ratios in meteorites, interplanetary dust and gas, and the sun itself were found to differ from those on Earth. Planetary researchers like UC San Diego's Mark Thiemens and his colleagues, working with Musa Ahmed of the Chemical Sciences Division, are now using the Chemical Dynamics Beamline at the Advanced Light Source to study these "mass-independent" effects and their origins in the chemical processes of the early solar system.

432

Definition: Chemical Logging | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logging Logging Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Chemical Logging Chemical logging produces a chemical profile of the formation fluid within a well based on the measurement of changes in the chemical composition of the drilling fluid during drilling operations.[1] References ↑ http://www.osti.gov/bridge/servlets/purl/6076582-xtVTIk/6076582.pdf Ret Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Chemical_Logging&oldid=600357" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services OpenEI partners with a broad range of international organizations to grow

433

Responding to chemical attack. Final report  

SciTech Connect

In view of Iraq's stated intention of using chemical weapons in the Persian Gulf War, the Coalition forces must be prepared to respond. Iraq is capable of conducting such an attack. While the use of chemical weapons may not be militarily significant, the political effect of the use and the response to it may be very significant. Responses including the use of chemical and nuclear weapons are assessed in terms of their legality, political cost, and military effectiveness and found unacceptable. Reliance on diplomatic protests and on post-war criminal sanctions are judged ineffective. A response in the form of increased conventional attack on the Iraqi chemical infrastructure is recommended because that response will preserve the present Coalition, effectively counter the chemical attack, contribute to regional stability, and enhance the reputation of the United States for lawfulness and dependability.

Bagley, R.W.

1991-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

434

Chemical Sciences Division: Annual report 1992  

SciTech Connect

The Chemical Sciences Division (CSD) is one of twelve research Divisions of the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, a Department of Energy National Laboratory. The CSD is composed of individual groups and research programs that are organized into five scientific areas: Chemical Physics, Inorganic/Organometallic Chemistry, Actinide Chemistry, Atomic Physics, and Physical Chemistry. This report describes progress by the CSD for 1992. Also included are remarks by the Division Director, a description of work for others (United States Office of Naval Research), and appendices of the Division personnel and an index of investigators. Research reports are grouped as Fundamental Interactions (Photochemical and Radiation Sciences, Chemical Physics, Atomic Physics) or Processes and Techniques (Chemical Energy, Heavy-Element Chemistry, and Chemical Engineering Sciences).

Not Available

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered hematopoietic progenitors Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

hematopoietic stem and progenitor ... Source: Zandstra, Peter W. - Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto Collection: Biotechnology 2 A...

436

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters ion transport Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sheath thickness and ion transport... Hz and intermediate 10 MHz frequency values, the ion energy increases ... Source: Economou, Demetre J. - Department of Chemical...

437

An Oxygen Isotope Study Of Hydrothermal Alteration In The Lake City  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Isotope Study Of Hydrothermal Alteration In The Lake City Isotope Study Of Hydrothermal Alteration In The Lake City Caldera, San Juan Mountains, Colorado Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Oxygen Isotope Study Of Hydrothermal Alteration In The Lake City Caldera, San Juan Mountains, Colorado Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A 23-m.y.-old, fossil meteoric-hydrothermal system in the Lake City caldera (11 _ 14 km) has been mapped out by measuring Δ 18O values of 300 rock and mineral samples. Δ 18O varies systematically throughout the caldera, reaching values as low as -2. Great topographic relief, regional tilting, and variable degrees of erosion within the caldera all combine to give us a very complete section through the hydrothermal system, from the

438

Geology and alteration of the Coso Geothermal Area, Inyo County, California  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Geology and alteration of the Coso Geothermal Area, Inyo County, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Geology and alteration of the Coso Geothermal Area, Inyo County, California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Geology and alteration of the Coso geothermal area were mapped in conjunction with geophysical surveys and a deep drill test (CGEH-1) to facilitate selection of a follow-up drill site. The oldest rocks exposed at Coso are intermediate to mafic metamorphic rocks of uncertain age intruded by dikes and pods of quartz latite porphyry and felsite, and by a small

439

SITEWIDE CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR SAFETY AND SECURITY COMPONENT INSTALLATION AND ALTERATION, PACIFIC NORTHWEST  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 8 SITEWIDE CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR SAFETY AND SECURITY COMPONENT INSTALLATION AND ALTERATION, PACIFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL LABORATORY, RICHLAND, WASHINGTON Proposed Action: The u.s. Department ofBnergy (DOE) Pacific Northwest Site Office (PNSO) proposes to install. alter, and/or maintain safety and security components to maintain an adequate protective planning stance. Loeation of Action: The proposed action would occur on the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Site and in the vicinity ofPNNL facilities in the State of Washington. DacriptioD of the Proposed Action: DOE proposes to install, alter, and/or maintain safety and security systems to continue to provide appropriate levels of protection against unauthorized access, theft, diversion, loss

440

Alteration Patterns In Volcanic Rocks Within An East-West Traverse Through  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Patterns In Volcanic Rocks Within An East-West Traverse Through Patterns In Volcanic Rocks Within An East-West Traverse Through Central Nicaragua Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Alteration Patterns In Volcanic Rocks Within An East-West Traverse Through Central Nicaragua Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The volcanic rocks investigated in a cross-section between the Pacific and Atlantic coasts of Nicaragua - with the exception of Recent and some Pleistocene lavas - are incipiently to strongly altered. Alteration patterns on different scales can be discerned in the Tertiary sequences: (i) a regional burial diagenesis or very low-grade burial metamorphism at the low-temperature end of the zeolite facies (mordenite subfacies) with an inferred thermal gradient of < 50°C/km, grading into (ii) a geothermal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Low LET Radiation Alters the Fetal Epigenome of the Avy Mouse  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LET Radiation Alters the Fetal Epigenome of the Avy Mouse LET Radiation Alters the Fetal Epigenome of the Avy Mouse Randy Jirtle Duke University Medical Center Abstract Exposure to high levels of ionizing radiation significantly alters the epigenome in somatic cells and gametes (Filkowski and others, 2009), yet it has not been determined if epigenomic modifications occur below 10 cGy. Epigenetic dysregulation during early development is mechanistically linked to the pathogenesis of adult-onset diseases (Jirtle and Skinner, 2007). Thus, we sought to determine whether low doses of ionizing radiation during early gestation affect susceptibility to adult-onset diseases by deregulating the establishment of DNA methylation patterns. Agouti viable yellow (Avy) mice were used to test this novel postulate because they are

442

Apparent Welding Textures In Altered Pumice-Rich Rocks | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Apparent Welding Textures In Altered Pumice-Rich Rocks Apparent Welding Textures In Altered Pumice-Rich Rocks Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Apparent Welding Textures In Altered Pumice-Rich Rocks Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Fiamme and eutaxitic texture are common in ancient non-welded, pumice breccias. The fiamme are phyllosilicate-rich lenses that define a bedding-parallel foliation resembling eutaxitic texture in welded ignimbrites. Pumice breccias in the Cambrian Mount Read Volcanics (Australia) are composed of tube pumice clasts, bubble-wall shards, plagioclase crystal fragments and volcanic lithic clasts, and contain dark green fiamme and stylolites. These sericite or chlorite+sericite fiamme are aligned roughly parallel to regional bedding, and are enclosed in pale pink

443

Chemical compatibility screening test results  

SciTech Connect

A program for evaluating packaging components that may be used in transporting mixed-waste forms has been developed and the first phase has been completed. This effort involved the screening of ten plastic materials in four simulant mixed-waste types. These plastics were butadiene-acrylonitrile copolymer rubber, cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE), epichlorohydrin rubber, ethylene-propylene rubber (EPDM), fluorocarbon (Viton or Kel-F), polytetrafluoroethylene, high-density polyethylene (HDPE), isobutylene-isoprene copolymer rubber (butyl), polypropylene, and styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR). The selected simulant mixed wastes were (1) an aqueous alkaline mixture of sodium nitrate and sodium nitrite; (2) a chlorinated hydrocarbon mixture; (3) a simulant liquid scintillation fluid; and (4) a mixture of ketones. The testing protocol involved exposing the respective materials to 286,000 rads of gamma radiation followed by 14-day exposures to the waste types at 60{degrees}C. The seal materials were tested using vapor transport rate (VTR) measurements while the liner materials were tested using specific gravity as a metric. For these tests, a screening criterion of 0.9 g/hr/m{sup 2} for VTR and a specific gravity change of 10% was used. Based on this work, it was concluded that while all seal materials passed exposure to the aqueous simulant mixed waste, EPDM and SBR had the lowest VTRs. In the chlorinated hydrocarbon simulant mixed waste, only Viton passed the screening tests. In both the simulant scintillation fluid mixed waste and the ketone mixture simulant mixed waste, none of the seal materials met the screening criteria. For specific gravity testing of liner materials, the data showed that while all materials with the exception of polypropylene passed the screening criteria, Kel-F, HDPE, and XLPE offered the greatest resistance to the combination of radiation and chemicals.

Nigrey, P.J.; Dickens, T.G.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Retention of neptunium in uranyl alteration phases formed during spent fuel corrosion  

SciTech Connect

Uranyl oxide hydrate phases are known to form during contact of oxide spent nuclear fuel with water under oxidizing conditions; however, less is known about the fate of fission and neutron capture products during this alteration. We describe, the first time, evidence that neptunium can become incorporated into the uranyl secondary phase, dehydrated schoepite (UO{sub 3}{lg_bullet}0.8H{sub 2}O). Based on the long-term durability of natural schoepite, the retention of neptunium in this alteration phase may be significant during spent fuel corrosion in an unsaturated geologic repository.

Buck, E.C.; Finch, R.J.; Finn, P.A.; Bates, J.K.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print The heterogeneous catalysts used in most chemical processes typically consist of nanoscale metal or metal oxide particles dispersed on high-surface-area supports. While these particles are the active elements of the catalyst, the overall performance depends not only on their size and composition but also on their multiple interactions with the support, reactants, and products. Probing this chemical soup in real time under realistic reaction conditions is such a tall order that in some cases even the catalytically active chemical species is not known. A Dutch team working at the ALS has combined scanning transmission x-ray microscopy with a reaction chamber adapted from electron microscopy to identify the chemical species present for an iron-based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst and to image their distribution on the nanoscale. When developed further, this new tool may give chemists the ability to design and tailor catalysts for maximum selectivity and efficiency in a wide range of chemical processes.

446

Shanghai TL Chemical Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TL Chemical Company TL Chemical Company Jump to: navigation, search Name Shanghai TL Chemical Company Place Shanghai, China Zip 200240 Product Focuses on novel chemical structure PEM and PE Resin, PEM FC materials and parts, Key chemical materials in Zn-Air fuel cell, Polymer additives, Fine chemicals,Chemical laboratory and Industry automation solutions. Coordinates 31.247709°, 121.472618° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.247709,"lon":121.472618,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

447

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print The heterogeneous catalysts used in most chemical processes typically consist of nanoscale metal or metal oxide particles dispersed on high-surface-area supports. While these particles are the active elements of the catalyst, the overall performance depends not only on their size and composition but also on their multiple interactions with the support, reactants, and products. Probing this chemical soup in real time under realistic reaction conditions is such a tall order that in some cases even the catalytically active chemical species is not known. A Dutch team working at the ALS has combined scanning transmission x-ray microscopy with a reaction chamber adapted from electron microscopy to identify the chemical species present for an iron-based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst and to image their distribution on the nanoscale. When developed further, this new tool may give chemists the ability to design and tailor catalysts for maximum selectivity and efficiency in a wide range of chemical processes.

448

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print The heterogeneous catalysts used in most chemical processes typically consist of nanoscale metal or metal oxide particles dispersed on high-surface-area supports. While these particles are the active elements of the catalyst, the overall performance depends not only on their size and composition but also on their multiple interactions with the support, reactants, and products. Probing this chemical soup in real time under realistic reaction conditions is such a tall order that in some cases even the catalytically active chemical species is not known. A Dutch team working at the ALS has combined scanning transmission x-ray microscopy with a reaction chamber adapted from electron microscopy to identify the chemical species present for an iron-based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst and to image their distribution on the nanoscale. When developed further, this new tool may give chemists the ability to design and tailor catalysts for maximum selectivity and efficiency in a wide range of chemical processes.

449

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print The heterogeneous catalysts used in most chemical processes typically consist of nanoscale metal or metal oxide particles dispersed on high-surface-area supports. While these particles are the active elements of the catalyst, the overall performance depends not only on their size and composition but also on their multiple interactions with the support, reactants, and products. Probing this chemical soup in real time under realistic reaction conditions is such a tall order that in some cases even the catalytically active chemical species is not known. A Dutch team working at the ALS has combined scanning transmission x-ray microscopy with a reaction chamber adapted from electron microscopy to identify the chemical species present for an iron-based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst and to image their distribution on the nanoscale. When developed further, this new tool may give chemists the ability to design and tailor catalysts for maximum selectivity and efficiency in a wide range of chemical processes.

450

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print The heterogeneous catalysts used in most chemical processes typically consist of nanoscale metal or metal oxide particles dispersed on high-surface-area supports. While these particles are the active elements of the catalyst, the overall performance depends not only on their size and composition but also on their multiple interactions with the support, reactants, and products. Probing this chemical soup in real time under realistic reaction conditions is such a tall order that in some cases even the catalytically active chemical species is not known. A Dutch team working at the ALS has combined scanning transmission x-ray microscopy with a reaction chamber adapted from electron microscopy to identify the chemical species present for an iron-based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst and to image their distribution on the nanoscale. When developed further, this new tool may give chemists the ability to design and tailor catalysts for maximum selectivity and efficiency in a wide range of chemical processes.

451

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print The heterogeneous catalysts used in most chemical processes typically consist of nanoscale metal or metal oxide particles dispersed on high-surface-area supports. While these particles are the active elements of the catalyst, the overall performance depends not only on their size and composition but also on their multiple interactions with the support, reactants, and products. Probing this chemical soup in real time under realistic reaction conditions is such a tall order that in some cases even the catalytically active chemical species is not known. A Dutch team working at the ALS has combined scanning transmission x-ray microscopy with a reaction chamber adapted from electron microscopy to identify the chemical species present for an iron-based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst and to image their distribution on the nanoscale. When developed further, this new tool may give chemists the ability to design and tailor catalysts for maximum selectivity and efficiency in a wide range of chemical processes.

452

Storage and Proper Segregation of Chemical Classes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proper Segregation of Chemical Classes Proper Segregation of Chemical Classes Partial List of Incompatible chemicals (Toxic Hazards) Substances in the left hand column should be stored and handled so that they cannot possibly accidentally contact corresponding substances in the center column, because toxic materials (right hand column) would be produced. Arsenical Materials Any Reducing Agent Arsine Azides Acids Hydrogen Azide Cyanides Acids Hydrogen Cyanide Hypochlorites Acids Chlorine or Hypochlorous Acid Nitrates Sulfuric Acid Nitrogen Dioxide Nitric acid Copper, Brass, Heavy Metals Nitrogen Dioxide Nitrites Acids Nitrous Fumes Phosphorus Caustic Alkalies/ Reducers Phosphine Selenides Reducers Hydrogen Selenide Sulfides Acids Hydrogen Sulfide Tellurides Reducers Hydrogen Telluride

453

Licenses Available in Chemicals | Tech Transfer | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemicals Chemicals SHARE Chemicals 199800555 Imprinting Method for Selective Mesoporous Sorbents 200000806 Flow Cytometry Using Electroosmotically Induced Pressures 200000812 Method for Sequencing Nucleic Acids 200000815 Standoff Tissue-Based Biosensors 200000845 Positron Lifetime System for dc Positron Beams 200000869 Metallization of Bacterial Cellulose for Electrical and Electronic Device Manufacture 200000884 Method of Restoring Sight to Blind Persons 200100899 Catalyst- Induced Growth of Carbon Nanotubes on Tips of Cantilevers and Nanowires 200100918 Cell Transport, Lysis and Analysis on Microfluidic Devices 200100947 Boron Loaded Scintillator 200100948 Precursor Soot Synthesis of Fullerenes and Nanotubes without Carbonaceous Soot 200100968 Melt-spun Carbon Fiber Precursors Containing Lignin

454

Manager, International Chemical Threat Reduction Department, Sandia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

International Chemical Threat Reduction Department, Sandia International Chemical Threat Reduction Department, Sandia National Laboratories | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Who We Are > In The Spotlight > Nancy Jackson Manager, International Chemical Threat Reduction Department, Sandia National Laboratories

455

Manager, International Chemical Threat Reduction Department, Sandia  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

International Chemical Threat Reduction Department, Sandia International Chemical Threat Reduction Department, Sandia National Laboratories | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Who We Are > In The Spotlight > Nancy Jackson Manager, International Chemical Threat Reduction Department, Sandia National Laboratories

456

Catalytic transformation of cellulose into platform chemicals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conversion of biomass to renewable and valuable chemicals has attracted global interest in order to build up sustainable societies. Cellulose is the most abundant and non-food biomass; however, the low reactivity of cellulose has prevented its use in chemical industry except for the paper manufacturing. The heterogeneous catalysis for the conversion of cellulose has been expected to overcome this issue, because various types of heterogeneous catalysts can be designed and applied in a wide range of reaction conditions. Furthermore, solid catalysts are easily recovered and reused. In this review article, we show the present situation and perspective of heterogeneous catalysis for the transformation of cellulose into useful platform chemicals.

Mizuho Yabushita; Hirokazu Kobayashi; Atsushi Fukuoka

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Chemical safety: asking the right questions  

SciTech Connect

Recent reports have shown that, despite efforts to the contrary, chemical accidents continue to occur at an unacceptable rate and there is no evidence that this rate is decreasing. Based on this observation, one can conclude that previous analyses have not accurately identified and implemented appropriate fixes to eliminate identified root causes for chemical events. Based on this, it is time to reevaluate chemical accident data with a fresh eye and determine (a) what corrective actions have already been identified but have not been implemented, (b) what other root causes may be involved, and (c) what new corrective actions should be taken to eliminate these newly identified root causes.

Whyte, Helena M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Quigley, David [Y-12/NSC; Simmons, Fred [SRS; Freshwater, David [DOE/NNSA; Robertson, Janeen [LLNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

CHEMICAL SAFETY: ASKING THE RIGHT QUESTIONS  

SciTech Connect

Recent reports have shown that, despite efforts to the contrary, chemical accidents continue to occur at an unacceptable rate and there is no evidence that this rate is decreasing. Based on this observation, one can conclude that previous analyses have not accurately identified and implemented appropriate fixes to eliminate identified root causes for chemical events. Based on this, it is time to reevaluate chemical accident data with a fresh eye and determine (a) what corrective actions have already been identified but have not been implemented, (b) what other root causes may be involved, and (c) what new corrective actions should be taken to eliminate these newly identified root causes.

Simmons, F

2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

459

Chemical Sciences Division annual report 1994  

SciTech Connect

The division is one of ten LBL research divisions. It is composed of individual research groups organized into 5 scientific areas: chemical physics, inorganic/organometallic chemistry, actinide chemistry, atomic physics, and chemical engineering. Studies include structure and reactivity of critical reaction intermediates, transients and dynamics of elementary chemical reactions, and heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis. Work for others included studies of superconducting properties of high-{Tc} oxides. In FY 1994, the division neared completion of two end-stations and a beamline for the Advanced Light Source, which will be used for combustion and other studies. This document presents summaries of the studies.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Chemical preconcentrator with integral thermal flow sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chemical preconcentrator with integral thermal flow sensor can be used to accurately measure fluid flow rate in a microanalytical system. The thermal flow sensor can be operated in either constant temperature or constant power mode and variants thereof. The chemical preconcentrator with integral thermal flow sensor can be fabricated with the same MEMS technology as the rest of the microanlaytical system. Because of its low heat capacity, low-loss, and small size, the chemical preconcentrator with integral thermal flow sensor is fast and efficient enough to be used in battery-powered, portable microanalytical systems.

Manginell, Ronald P. (Albuquerque, NM); Frye-Mason, Gregory C. (Cedar Crest, NM)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Geothermal areas as analogues to chemical processes in the near-field and altered zone of the potential Yucca Mountain, Nevada repository  

SciTech Connect

The need to bound system performance of the potential Yucca Mountain repository for thousands of years after emplacement of high-level nuclear waste requires the use of computer codes. The use of such codes to produce reliable bounds over such long time periods must be tested using long-lived natural and historical systems as analogues. The geothermal systems of the Taupo Volcanic Zone (TVZ) in New Zealand were selected as the site most amenable to study. The rocks of the TVZ are silicic volcanics that are similar in composition to Yucca Mountain. The area has been subjected to temperatures of 25 to 300 C which have produced a variety of secondary minerals similar to those anticipated at Yucca Mountain. The availability of rocks, fluids and fabricated materials for sampling is excellent because of widespread exploitation of the systems for geothermal power. Current work has focused on testing the ability of the EQ3/6 code and thermodynamic data base to describe mineral-fluid relations at elevated temperatures. Welfare starting long-term dissolution/corrosion tests of rocks, minerals and manufactured materials in natural thermal features in order to compare laboratory rates with field-derived rates. Available field data on rates of silica precipitation from heated fluids have been analyzed and compared to laboratory rates. New sets of precipitation experiments are being planned. The microbially influenced degradation of concrete in the Broadlands-Ohaaki geothermal field is being characterized. The authors will continue to work on these projects in FY 1996 and expand to include the study of naturally occurring uranium and thorium series radionuclides, as a prelude to studying radionuclide migration in heated silicic volcanic rocks. 32 refs.

Bruton, C.J.; Glassley, W.E.; Meike, A.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Control of mammalian cell mutagenesis and differentiation by chemicals which initiate or promote tumor formation  

SciTech Connect

A cell-mediated mutagenesis assay was developed to predict the potential carcinogenic hazard of some environmental chemicals. In this assay, Chinese hamster V79 cells, which are susceptible to mutagenesis, are co-cultivated with cells capable of metabolizing chemical carcinogens. Use of this assay made it possible to demonstrate a relationship between the degree of carcinogenicity and mutagenicity of a series of polycyclic hydrocarbons and nitrosamines and to study the organ specificity exhibited by some chemical carcinogens. However, most short-term in vitro assays are designed to detect mutagenic activity and therefore do not detect tumor promoting agents which are devoid of this activity. By analyzing various markers of terminal differentiation in cultured human melanoma and myeloid leukemia cells, we have established a relationship between the activity of a series of tumor promoting phorbol diesters in the mouse skin and their ability to induce terminal differentiation. We suggest that measuring alterations in the differentiation characteristics of some cultured cells may represent an approach by which environmental tumor promoting agents can be studied and detected.

Jones, C.A.; Huberman, E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Expression of Ethanol-Induced Behavioral Sensitization Is Associated with Alteration of Chromatin Remodeling in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Expression of Ethanol-Induced Behavioral Sensitization Is Associated with Alteration of Chromatin), Amiens, France Abstract Background: Ethanol-induced behavioral sensitization (EIBS) is proposed to play in the development and the persistence of ethanol-related behaviors, we explored the involvement of epigenetic

Boyer, Edmond

464

April 16, 2010 Caffeine and Stress Alter Salivary -Amylase Activity in Young Men  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Information Sciences and Technology Pennsylvania State University Key words: salivary alpha-amylase, caffeineApril 16, 2010 Caffeine and Stress Alter Salivary -Amylase Activity in Young Men *Laura Cousino -amylase assays were conducted by Salimetrics, LLC, State College, PA, where DAG is founder and president

Ritter, Frank

465

Action Alters Object Identification: Wielding a Gun Increases The Bias to See Guns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Action Alters Object Identification: Wielding a Gun Increases The Bias to See Guns Jessica K. Witt influence an observer's ability to detect and categorize objects as guns. In light of recent work in action to the perceiver. In five experiments, participants determined whether another person was holding a gun

Stephens, Graeme L.

466

Consumption of Lysozyme-Rich Milk Can Alter Microbial Fecal Populations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Microbial Ecology Consumption of Lysozyme-Rich Milk Can Alter Microbial...diversity was changed significantly upon consumption of lysozyme milk. Levels of Firmicutes...increased over time in response to the consumption of lysozyme-rich milk. The proportions...

Elizabeth A. Maga; Prerak T. Desai; Bart C. Weimer; Nguyet Dao; Dietmar Kültz; James D. Murray

2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

467

Short Communication Artificial light at night alters delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the forest (Kempe- naers et al., 2010). Street lights disturb the commuting patterns of bats and they showShort Communication Artificial light at night alters delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction in revised form 20 May 2013 Accepted 26 May 2013 Available online 4 June 2013 Keywords: Light pollution

Nelson, Randy J.

468

Altering Anode Thickness To Improve Power Production in Microbial Fuel Cells with Different Electrode Distances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Altering Anode Thickness To Improve Power Production in Microbial Fuel Cells with Different ABSTRACT: A better understanding of how anode and separator physical properties affect power production the cathode can limit power production by bacteria on the anode when using closely spaced electrodes

469

Climate change impacts in multispecies systems: drought alters food web size structure in a field experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...multispecies systems: drought alters food web size structure in a field experiment Guy...intergenerational field manipulations of entire food webs are scarce, yet such approaches are essential...replicated field trial, to measure food web responses to simulated climate change...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Chronic Ethanol Consumption Profoundly Alters Regional Brain Ceramide and Sphingomyelin Content in Rodents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chronic Ethanol Consumption Profoundly Alters Regional Brain Ceramide and Sphingomyelin Content in Rodents ... In a mouse model of chronic alcohol exposure, 16 CER and 18 sphingomyelin (SM) concentrations from whole brain lipid extracts were measured using electrospray mass spectrometry. ... Most of the CER and SM quantified in whole brain extracts were detected in MILDI images. ...

Aurelie Roux; Ludovic Muller; Shelley N. Jackson; Katherine Baldwin; Virginia Womack; John G. Pagiazitis; Joseph R. O’Rourke; Panayotis K. Thanos; Carey Balaban; J. Albert Schultz; Nora D. Volkow; Amina S. Woods

2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

471

Delayed upwelling alters nearshore coastal ocean ecosystems in the northern California current  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the timing and strength of upwelling may alter basic nutrient and carbon fluxes through marine food webs. We ecology Equatorward winds along the eastern boundaries of the world's oceans drive offshore surface Ekman is less pronounced. The extent to which the timing of the spring transition and the intensity of upwelling-favorable

472

Do dams and levees impact nitrogen cycling? Simulating the effects of flood alterations on floodplain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Do dams and levees impact nitrogen cycling? Simulating the effects of flood alterations topography with a model of hydrology and nitrogen biogeochemistry to simulate floods of different magnitude a generalized floodplain biogeochemical model to determine whether dams and flood-control levees affect

Turner, Monica G.

473

Elevated CO2 and O3 Alter Soil Nitrogen Transformations beneath  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elevated CO2 and O3 Alter Soil Nitrogen Transformations beneath Trembling Aspen, Paper Birch, North Carolina 27695, USA ABSTRACT Nitrogen cycling in northern temperate forest ecosystems could change to a negative feed- back on N availability. Key words: Acer saccharum; Betula papyrifera; Carbon dioxide; FACE

474

Climate engineering: exploring nuances and consequences of deliberately altering the Earth's energy budget  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Center for Atmospheric Research, , PO Box 3000, Boulder...altering the Earth's energy budget . climate engineering...globally distributed clean energy and even be continued...seeks to draw together research relevant to these disparate...are to be found in the abstracts that preface each of...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Method and Apparatus Providing Deception and/or Altered Operation in an Information System Operating System  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and/or system and/or apparatus providing deception and/or execution alteration in an information system. In specific embodiments, deceptions and/or protections are provided by intercepting and/or modifying operation of one or more system calls of an operating system.

Cohen, Fred (Livermore, CA); Rogers, Deanna T. (Fremont, CA); Neagoe, Vicentiu (San Leandro, CA)

2008-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

476

Parasites alter host phenotype and may create a new ecological niche for snail hosts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Thomas et al. 1998, 1999; Mouritsen Poulin 2005). Parasites can also alter host...throughout the world (Pechenik et al. 2001; Poulin Mouritsen 2003; Huspeni et al. 2005...Ecol. Prog. Ser. 299, 205-215. Poulin, R , and K.N Mouritsen2003Large-scale...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Seaoor hydrothermal alteration at an Archaean mid-ocean ridge K. KITAJIMA,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-to-boiling point curve for a ¯uid. The carbonation due to high-XCO2 hydrothermal ¯uids occurred near the ridgeSea¯oor hydrothermal alteration at an Archaean mid-ocean ridge K. KITAJIMA,1 S. MARUYAMA,1 S Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA ABSTRACT A hydrothermally metamorphosed

Utsunomiya, Satoshi

478

Environmental Alteration Analysis of a Large System of Reservoirs: Application to the Connecticut River Watershed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

i Environmental Alteration Analysis of a Large System of Reservoirs: Application to the Connecticut bring me on to the Connecticut River project and guided me through all the many aspects of the work that went into both the Connecticut Project and this thesis. I would also like to thank employees at New

Pasternack, Gregory B.

479

microbial community. Coevolution altered eco-logical population dynamics and resulted in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

microbial community. Coevolution altered eco- logical population dynamics and resulted in bacteria-nutrient broth, coevolutionary dynam- ics in soil appear to be driven by fluctuating selection--a form (2007). 6. S. Gandon, A. Buckling, E. Decaestecker, T. Day, J. Evol. Biol. 21, 1861 (2008). 7. C. M

Farrell, Anthony P.

480

o secure a safe, reliable and low-carbon energy future, we must alter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and human behav- iour1 . The US Department of Energy notes2 that supply and demand is "affected as much collect qualitative data about energy consumption. Similar problems are apparent in Europe4 . My analysisT o secure a safe, reliable and low- carbon energy future, we must alter both technologies

Kammen, Daniel M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hardened chemically altered" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Early Adversity Alters Attention and Locomotion in Adult SpragueDawley Rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early Adversity Alters Attention and Locomotion in Adult Sprague�Dawley Rats Christie Burton the effects of prenatal stress and its interaction with artificial rearing (AR) on adult rat behavior by their mothers or in the AR paradigm, with or without stroking stimulation. In adulthood, rats were tested

Sokolowski, Marla

482

Chorda tympani nerve transection alters linoleic acid taste discrimination by male and female rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chorda tympani nerve transection alters linoleic acid taste discrimination by male and female rats in revised form 17 May 2006; accepted 8 June 2006 Abstract Taste is intimately associated with food choice foods. We measured the taste threshold for linoleic acid (LA), an essential free fatty acid found

Hull, Elaine

483

Mitsui Chemicals Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Chemicals Inc Chemicals Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Mitsui Chemicals Inc Place Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan Zip 105-7117 Sector Solar Product Chemicals maker including plastics, industrial resins and a division dedicated to solar cell and battery components production. Coordinates 35.670479°, 139.740921° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.670479,"lon":139.740921,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

484

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Chemical Processing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chemical Processing FAQS Chemical Processing FAQS August 2010 STEP 1: Job Task Analysis for Tasks Task (and Number) Source Importance Frequency Critically analyze system design-basis documentation and related safety documentation to ensure application of the principle of safety in design as described in DOE O 413.3-1 (2006), Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets and associated guides. FAQS Duties and Responsibilities Paragraph A 3 2 Evaluate DOE facility and program-related chemical processes for safe and efficient process startup, operation, maintenance, and testing, including emergency systems. FAQS Duties and Responsibilities Paragraph D 5 4 Verify the application of quality assurance, configuration management, and safety requirements to chemical

485

Argonne Chemical Sciences & Engineering - Fundamental Interactions -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

tranter shock tube tranter shock tube A shock tube for high temperature studies of chemical reaction kinetics. Overview The goal of this program is to develop a fundamental understanding of the elementary chemical reactions, non-reactive energy transfer processes, and coupled kinetics processes involved in combustion. The basic scientific approach is to combine a theoretical effort in the energetics, dynamics, and kinetics of chemical reactions with an experimental effort in thermochemistry, dynamics, and kinetics. Both the theoretical and experimental components of the program are vertically integrated to span a wide range of phenomena relevant to the study of chemical reactivity. This integrated approach produces synergy that results from the strong interaction between the theoretical and experimental efforts. Taken as a

486

Exergy analysis of a chemical metallurgical process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of available work or exergy is used to develop an expression from which the causes of exergy losses in a chemical reactor are identified. ... by the same procedures. The possibilities of exergy recove...

D. R. Morris; F. R. Steward

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Petroleum Engineering Minor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Petroleum Engineering Minor Students their skills by taking a minor in petroleum engineering. Energy is the largest global industry at $3 trillion annually, and petroleum supplies 60 percent

Calgary, University of

488

Environmental toxicity of complex chemical mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and wildlife tissues were collected from four National Priority List Superfund sites within the United States. In general, chemical analysis was not always predictive of mixture toxicity. Although biodegradation reduced the concentration of total...

Gillespie, Annika Margaret

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

489

Annual Report 2000. Chemical Structure and Dynamics  

SciTech Connect

This annual report describes the research and accomplishments of the Chemical Structure and Dynamics Program in the year 2000, one of six research programs at the William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) - a multidisciplinary, national scientific user facility and research organization. The Chemical Structure and Dynamics (CS&D) program is meeting the need for a fundamental, molecular-level understanding by 1) extending the experimental characterization and theoretical description of chemical reactions to encompass the effects of condensed media and interfaces; 2) developing a multidisciplinary capability for describing interfacial chemical processes relevant to environmental chemistry; and 3) developing state-of-the-art research and analytical methods for characterizing complex materials of the types found in natural and contaminated systems.

Colson, Steven D.; McDowell, Robin S.

2001-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Chemical vapor detection using nanomechanical platform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For high sensitive and multiplexed chemical analysis, an opto-mechanical detection platform has been built. To check the performance of the platform, we performed water vapor response measurements for ... sensors...

S. H. Lim

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Olefin Metathesis of Renewable Platform Chemicals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Olefinic double bonds are often found in the structure of natural compounds. This makes olefin metathesis a powerful tool for their transformation into valuable renewable platform chemicals and, in some cases, di...

Lucas Montero de Espinosa; Michael A. R. Meier

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Chemical carcinogens in the -omics era  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Therapeutics, Targets, and Chemical Biology Effective Cancer Vaccine Platform Based on Attenuated Salmonella...responses, offering a novel platform for the engineering of more...vector can provide an effective platform for the development of cancer...

John Groopman

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

CHEMICAL SPECIATION OF GOLD IN ARSENOPYRITE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ores. Hyperfine Interact. 70 , 945-948. ---, --- Wang, N. (1995): On the chemical state of combined gold in...X-ray synchrotron microprobe techniques and applications. In Synchroton Methods in Clay Science (D.G. Schulze, J.W. Stucki...

Louis J. Cabri; Matthew Newville; Robert A. Gordon; E. Daryl Crozier; Stephen R. Sutton; Greg McMahon; De-Tong Jiang

494

MFR PAPER 1199 Seasonal Variations in Chemical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DUBROW, MALCOLM HALE, and ANTHONY BIMBO ABSTRACT-Proximate chemical composition of menhaden collected bioassay. Fatty acid compositions of the extracted fish oils were determined by gas-liquid chromatography

495

Sensor for detecting and differentiating chemical analytes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensor for detecting and differentiating chemical analytes includes a microscale body having a first end and a second end and a surface between the ends for adsorbing a chemical analyte. The surface includes at least one conductive heating track for heating the chemical analyte and also a conductive response track, which is electrically isolated from the heating track, for producing a thermal response signal from the chemical analyte. The heating track is electrically connected with a voltage source and the response track is electrically connected with a signal recorder. The microscale body is restrained at the first end and the second end and is substantially isolated from its surroundings therebetween, thus having a bridge configuration.

Yi, Dechang (Metuchen, NJ); Senesac, Lawrence R. (Knoxville, TN); Thundat, Thomas G. (Knoxville, TN)

2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

496

Reporting Conservation Results in the Chemical Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1974, the Manufacturing Chemists Association (MCA) developed an energy rate method for reporting the energy conservation results of the chemical industry to the Federal Energy Administration. The MCA Energy Rate Method has served as a model...

Doerr, R. E.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Similarity and Clustering in Chemical Information Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From the Publisher:This book describes the latest developments in computational techniques which increase the effectiveness of the storage, retrieval, and processing of information in computerized chemical information systems. Covers the specifics of ...

John 1953- Willett

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Chemical Hydrogen Storage | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

a new type of liquid-phase material has been developed. This material, developed by Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., has shown 5-7 wt.% gravimetric hydrogen storage capacity...

499

Photon level chemical classification using digital compressive ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 12, 2012 ... dynamic chemical processes, is the time required to collect and analyze hyperspectral ..... Section 3.2 for more information) using functions from Matlab 7.13 ..... ically simulated score plot for the n-hexane/methylcyclohexane.

David S. Wilcox

2012-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

500

Sustainable Chemical Product and Process Engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Today, manufacturing sustainability, process and product sustainability, nanotechnology sustainability, energy sustainability, environmental sustainability, water sustainability, etc. are studied and practiced extensively. ... An important aim of the conference was to bring together leading experts from around the world to share their knowledge, research, and educational experience in the most challenging areas of chemical engineering sustainability. ... The primary objectives were (1) to assess state-of-the-art sustainable chemical product and process engineering, (2) to bridge the gap between research and development, strengthening ties between academia and industries, (3) to discuss research directions for chemical engineering sustainability and educational approaches for the integration of sustainability science into chemical engineering curriculum, and (4) to explore opportunities for international collaboration. ...

Yinlun Huang; Xiaojun Peng

2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z