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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Results on hard diffractive production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of experiments at hadron colliders probing the structure of the pomeron through hard diffraction are reviewed. Some results on deep inelastic diffractive scattering obtained at HERA are also discussed and placed in perspective. By using a properly normalized pomeron flux factor in single diffraction dissociation as dictated by unitarity

Konstantin Goulianos; The CDF Collaboration

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Production of porous coating on a prosthesis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Preselected surface areas of a prosthesis are covered by a blend of matching primary metallic particles and expendable particles. The particles are compressed and heated to assure that deformation and metallurgical bonding occurs between them and between the primary particles and the surface boundaries of the prosthesis. Porosity is achieved by removal of the expendable material. The result is a coating including discrete bonded particles separated by a network of interconnected voids presenting a homogeneous porous coating about the substrate. It has strength suitable for bone implant usage without intermediate adhesives, and adequate porosity to promote subsequent bone ingrowth.

Sump, Kenneth R. (Richland, WA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Production of Porous, Intermetallic Titanium Aluminide Reinforced ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Study on the Stress Test of Truck Frames for Freight Trains · A Study on the ... Defect Energetics and Fission Product Transport in ZrC · Deformation Field and ...

4

Method for producing flame retardant porous products and products produced thereby  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for fire retarding porous products used for thermal energy storage and products produced thereby is provided. The method includes treating the surface of the phase change material-containing porous products with a urea fire-retarding agent. Upon exposure to a flame, the urea forms an adduct with the phase change material which will not sustain combustion (is self-extinguishing) in air. No halogens or metal oxides are contained in the fire retardant, so no potentially noxious halide smoke or fumes are emitted if the product is continuously exposed to a flame. 1 fig.

Salyer, I.O.

1998-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

5

Method for producing flame retardant porous products and products produced thereby  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A method for fire retarding porous products used for thermal energy storage and products produced thereby is provided. The method includes treating the surface of the phase change material-containing porous products with a urea fire-retarding agent. Upon exposure to a flame, the urea forms an adduct with the phase change material which will not sustain combustion (is self-extinguishing) in air. No halogens or metal oxides are contained in the fire retardant, so no potentially noxious halide smoke or fumes are emitted if the product is continuously exposed to a flame.

Salyer, Ival O. (Dayton, OH)

1998-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

6

Method for Producing Flame Retardant Porous Products and Products Produced Thereby  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for fire retarding porous products used for thermal energy storage and products produced thereby is provided. The method includes treating the surface of the phase change material-containing porous products with a urea fire-retarding agent. Upon exposure to a flame, the urea forms an adduct with the phase change material which will not sustain combustion (is self-extinguishing) in air. No halogens or metal oxides are contained in the fire retardant, so no potentially noxious halide smoke or fumes are emitted if the product is continuously exposed to a flame.

Salyer, Ival O. (Dayton, OH)

1998-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

7

Hardness Standardization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... metallic products. • NIST produces a variety of hardness Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) for industry. • The NIST ...

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

8

Method for Developing Descriptions of Hard-to-Price Products: Results of the Telecommunications Product Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a study to test a new method for developing descriptions of hard-to-price products. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is responsible for collecting data to estimate price indices such as the Consumers Price Index (BLS) is responsible for collecting data to estimate price indices such as the Consumers Price Index (CPI). BLS accomplishes this task by sending field staff to places of business to price actual products. The field staff are given product checklists to help them determine whether products found today are comparable to products priced the previous month. Prices for non-comparable products are not included in the current month's price index calculations. A serious problem facing BLS is developing product checklists for dynamic product areas, new industries, and the service sector. It is difficult to keep checklists up-to-date and quite often simply to develop checklists for service industry products. Some people estimates that upwards of 50 % of US economic activity is not accounted for in the CPI

Conrad, F.; Tonn, B.

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Formulating Detergents and Personal Care ProductsChapter 7 Other Hard Surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Formulating Detergents and Personal Care Products Chapter 7 Other Hard Surfaces Surfactants and Detergents eChapters Surfactants - Detergents AOCS 9CE4DE402B3089F3925D609F04945DF5 Press Downloadable pdf of

10

Energy production rates in fluid mixtures of inelastic rough hard spheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this work is to explore the combined effect of polydispersity and roughness on the partial energy production rates and on the total cooling rate of a granular fluid mixture. We consider a mixture of inelastic rough hard spheres of different number densities, masses, diameters, moments of inertia, and mutual coefficients of normal and tangential restitution. Starting from the first equation of the BBGKY hierarchy, the collisional energy production rates associated with the translational and rotational temperatures ($T_i^\\text{tr}$ and $T_i^\\text{rot}$) are expressed in terms of two-body average values. Next, those average values are estimated by assuming a velocity distribution function based on maximum-entropy arguments, allowing us to express the energy production rates and the total cooling rate in terms of the partial temperatures and the parameters of the mixture. Finally, the results are applied to the homogeneous cooling state of a binary mixture and the influence of inelasticity and roughness on the temperature ratios $T_1^\\text{tr}/T_1^\\text{rot}$, $T_2^\\text{tr}/T_1^\\text{tr}$, and $T_2^\\text{rot}/T_1^\\text{rot}$ is analyzed.

Andrés Santos; Gilberto M. Kremer; Vicente Garzó

2009-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

11

Overview of Hard processes at RHIC: high-pt light hadron and charm production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An overview of the experimental results on high-pt light hadron production and open charm production is presented. Data on particle production in elementary collisions are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations. Particle production in Au+Au collisions is then compared to this baseline.

M. van Leeuwen

2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

12

Heavy Quark Production at HERA as a Probe of Hard QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study of heavy flavor production is a central topic of research at HERA and is an important testing ground for perturbative QCD. A selection of results for charm and beauty production in gamma p, using different experimental techniques and compared to different theoretical predictions, obtained by the H1 and ZEUS collaborations will be presented.

R. Shehzadi

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

13

Porous insulation in HVAC systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Porous insulation used to line the air stream surfaces of HVAC equipment provides a locus for the accumulation of dirt and debris. Dirt and debris are hydrophilic and the insulation on the air stream surfaces of mechanical cooling systems thus provides a niche for mold growth. The mold growing on porous insulation unlike moldy debris on a hard surface such as sheetmetal cannot be removed by duct cleaning. Actions for proactively preventing biocontamination of HVAC insulation include the following. (1) Porous insulation shall not be used to line the air stream surfaces of HVAC plenums where wetting is likely such as in the vicinity of cooling coils

Philip R. Morey

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Long-term monitoring of fleshy fruit and hard mast production and seasonal bird distribution at the Savannah River Site, South Carolina.  

SciTech Connect

A final report of Fruit and hard mast production in five habitat types at SRS with a comparison of fruit consumption by fledgling versus adult birds at SRS and Relative importance of fruit, seeds, and insects in the diets of overwintering birds at SRS.

Greenberg, Cathryn, H.; Levey, Douglas J.

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

15

Variably porous structures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of making a monolithic porous structure, comprises electrodepositing a material on a template; removing the template from the material to form a monolithic porous structure comprising the material; and electropolishing the monolithic porous structure.

Braun, Paul V. (Savoy, IL); Yu, Xindi (Urbana, IL)

2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

16

Hard physics in PHENIX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review recent results on hard observables in p+p, d+A and A+A collisions obtained by the PHENIX experiment. Emphasis is put on those measurements that provide insight into the properties of hot QCD media expected to be created in nucleus-nucleus collisions at RHIC energies. Direct photon spectra, jet properties and heavy quarks production measured in p+p and d+Au collisions are compared to the same observables extracted in heavy ion collisions to find modifications due to the presence of hot QCD matter.

D. Peressounko; for the PHENIX collaboration

2005-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

17

Porous Power Technologies LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Porous Power Technologies LLC Porous Power Technologies LLC Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Porous Power Technologies LLC Name Porous Power Technologies LLC Address 2765 Dagny Way, Suite 200 Place Lafayette, Colorado Zip 80026 Sector Efficiency Product Laminable, porous, absorbent Li-ion batteries Website http://www.porouspower.com/ Coordinates 40.0130129°, -105.1327972° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.0130129,"lon":-105.1327972,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

18

Tailored Porous Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tailoring of porous materials involves not only chemical synthetic techniques for tailoring microscopic properties such as pore size, pore shape, pore connectivity, and pore surface reactivity, but also materials processing techniques for tailoring the meso- and the macroscopic properties of bulk materials in the form of fibers, thin films and monoliths. These issues are addressed in the context of five specific classes of porous materials: oxide molecular sieves, porous coordination solids, porous carbons, sol-gel derived oxides, and porous heteropolyanion salts. Reviews of these specific areas are preceded by a presentation of background material and review of current theoretical approaches to adsorption phenomena. A concluding section outlines current research needs and opportunities.

BARTON,THOMAS J.; BULL,LUCY M.; KLEMPERER,WALTER G.; LOY,DOUGLAS A.; MCENANEY,BRIAN; MISONO,MAKOTO; MONSON,PETER A.; PEZ,GUIDO; SCHERER,GEORGE W.; VARTULI,JAMES C.; YAGHI,OMAR M.

1999-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

19

METHOD OF IMPREGNATING A POROUS MATERIAL  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of impregnating a porous body with an inorganic uranium- containing salt is outlined and comprises dissolving a water-soluble uranium- containing salt in water; saturating the intercommunicating pores of the porous body with the salt solution; infusing ammonia gas into the intercommunicating pores of the body, the ammonia gas in water chemically reacting with the water- soluble uranium-containing salt in the water solvent to form a nonwater-soluble uranium-containing precipitant; and evaporating the volatile unprecipitated products from the intercommunicating pores whereby the uranium-containing precipitate is uniformly distributed in the intercommunicating peres of the porous body.

Steele, G.N.

1960-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Radiation hardness of the ZEUSMVD frontend chip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiation hardness of the ZEUS­MVD frontend chip and Strangeness production in ep scattering Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Informatica Cover photos: E.N. Ko#eman The work described in this thesis is part . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 6 Radiation hardness of the Helix 3.0 95 6.1 Radiation damage e

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Electrochemistry of Porous Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dec 31, 2012 ... Electrochemistry of Porous Materials is the book under review. The book is written by Antonio Domenech Carbo,and published by CRC press.

22

Porous Power Technologies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Porous Power Technologies Porous Power Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Name Porous Power Technologies Place Lafayette, Colorado Zip 80026 Product Porous Power is a Colorado-based developer of microporous, laminatable battery separators. Coordinates 42.706102°, -88.48126° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.706102,"lon":-88.48126,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

23

Rockwell Hardness Measurement of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Materials ­ Rockwell hardness test (scales A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, K, N, T) ­ Part 1: Test method, 1999-09-01 ISO 6508-2 Metallic Materials ­ Rockwell hardness test (scales A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, K, N, T) ­ Part for testing the vast varieties of materials and part geometries for which Rockwell hardness may be used

Colton, Jonathan S.

24

Ventilation of porous media  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods for distributing gases throughout the interstices of porous materials and removing volatile substances from the interstices of porous materials. Continuous oscillation of pressures and flows results in increased penetration of the interstices by flowing gases and increased transport of gaseous components out of the interstices. The invention is particularly useful in soil vapor extraction.

Neeper, D.A.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

25

Ventilation of porous media  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods are presented for distributing gases throughout the interstices of porous materials and removing volatile substances from the interstices of porous materials. Continuous oscillation of pressures and flows results in increased penetration of the interstices by flowing gases and increased transport of gaseous components out of the interstices. The invention is particularly useful in soil vapor extraction. 10 figures.

Neeper, D.A.

1994-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

26

SPUTTERING FROM A POROUS MATERIAL BY PENETRATING IONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Porous materials are ubiquitous in the universe and weathering of porous surfaces plays an important role in the evolution of planetary and interstellar materials. Sputtering of porous solids in particular can influence atmosphere formation, surface reflectivity, and the production of the ambient gas around materials in space. Several previous studies and models have shown a large reduction in the sputtering of a porous solid compared to the sputtering of the non-porous solid. Using molecular dynamics simulations we study the sputtering of a nanoporous solid with 55% of the solid density. We calculate the electronic sputtering induced by a fast, penetrating ion, using a thermal spike representation of the deposited energy. We find that sputtering for this porous solid is, surprisingly, the same as that for a full-density solid, even though the sticking coefficient is high.

Rodriguez-Nieva, J. F. [Instituto Balseiro, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, 8400 Bariloche (Argentina); Bringa, E. M. [CONICET and Instituto de Ciencias Basicas, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, 5500 Mendoza (Argentina); Cassidy, T. A. [CalTech/JPL, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Johnson, R. E.; Fama, M.; Baragiola, R. A. [Laboratory for Atomic and Surface Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Caro, A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 94551 (United States); Loeffler, M. J. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Astrochemistry Branch, Code 691, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Farkas, D. [Department of Materials Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061 (United States)

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

27

Session: Hard Rock Penetration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This session at the Geothermal Energy Program Review X: Geothermal Energy and the Utility Market consisted of five presentations: ''Hard Rock Penetration - Summary'' by George P. Tennyson, Jr.; ''Overview - Hard Rock Penetration'' by James C. Dunn; ''An Overview of Acoustic Telemetry'' by Douglas S. Drumheller; ''Lost Circulation Technology Development Status'' by David A. Glowka; ''Downhole Memory-Logging Tools'' by Peter Lysne.

Tennyson, George P. Jr.; Dunn, James C.; Drumheller, Douglas S.; Glowka, David A.; Lysne, Peter

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Preparation of asymmetric porous materials  

SciTech Connect

A method for preparing an asymmetric porous material by depositing a porous material film on a flexible substrate, and applying an anisotropic stress to the porous media on the flexible substrate, where the anisotropic stress results from a stress such as an applied mechanical force, a thermal gradient, and an applied voltage, to form an asymmetric porous material.

Coker, Eric N. (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

29

POROUS WALL, HOLLOW GLASS MICROSPHERES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hollow Glass Microspheres (HGM) is not a new technology. All one has to do is go to the internet and Google{trademark} HGM. Anyone can buy HGM and they have a wide variety of uses. HGM are usually between 1 to 100 microns in diameter, although their size can range from 100 nanometers to 5 millimeters in diameter. HGM are used as lightweight filler in composite materials such as syntactic foam and lightweight concrete. In 1968 a patent was issued to W. Beck of the 3M{trademark} Company for 'Glass Bubbles Prepared by Reheating Solid Glass Particles'. In 1983 P. Howell was issued a patent for 'Glass Bubbles of Increased Collapse Strength' and in 1988 H. Marshall was issued a patent for 'Glass Microbubbles'. Now Google{trademark}, Porous Wall, Hollow Glass Microspheres (PW-HGMs), the key words here are Porous Wall. Almost every article has its beginning with the research done at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). The Savannah River Site (SRS) where SRNL is located has a long and successful history of working with hydrogen and its isotopes for national security, energy, waste management and environmental remediation applications. This includes more than 30 years of experience developing, processing, and implementing special ceramics, including glasses for a variety of Department of Energy (DOE) missions. In the case of glasses, SRS and SRNL have been involved in both the science and engineering of vitreous or glass based systems. As a part of this glass experience and expertise, SRNL has developed a number of niches in the glass arena, one of which is the development of porous glass systems for a variety of applications. These porous glass systems include sol gel glasses, which include both xerogels and aerogels, as well as phase separated glass compositions, that can be subsequently treated to produce another unique type of porosity within the glass forms. The porous glasses can increase the surface area compared to 'normal glasses of a 1 to 2 order of magnitude, which can result in unique properties in areas such as hydrogen storage, gas transport, gas separations and purifications, sensors, global warming applications, new drug delivery systems and so on. One of the most interesting porous glass products that SRNL has developed and patented is Porous Wall, Hollow Glass Microspheres (PW-HGMs) that are being studied for many different applications. The European Patent Office (EPO) just recently notified SRS that the continuation-in-part patent application for the PW-HGMs has been accepted. The original patent, which was granted by the EPO on June 2, 2010, was validated in France, Germany and the United Kingdom. The microspheres produced are generally in the range of 2 to 100 microns, with a 1 to 2 micron wall. What makes the SRNL microspheres unique from all others is that the team in Figure 1 has found a way to induce and control porosity through the thin walls on a scale of 100 to 3000 {angstrom}. This is what makes the SRNL HW-HGMs one-of-a-kind, and is responsible for many of their unique properties and potential for various applications, including those in tritium storage, gas separations, H-storage for vehicles, and even a variety of new medical applications in the areas of drug delivery and MRI contrast agents. SRNL Hollow Glass Microspheres, and subsequent, Porous Wall, Hollow Glass Microspheres are fabricated using a flame former apparatus. Figure 2 is a schematic of the apparatus.

Sexton, W.

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

30

Hard probes 2006 Asilomar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"The second international conference on hard and electromagnetic probes of high-energy nuclear collisions was held June 9 to 16, 2006 at the Asilomar Conference grounds in Pacific Grove, California" (photo and 1/2 page)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Porous metallic bodies  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Porous metallic bodies having a substantially uniform pore size of less than about 200 microns and a density of less than about 25 percent theoretical, as well as the method for making them, are disclosed. Group IIA, IIIB, IVB, VB, and rare earth metal hydrides a

Landingham, R.L.

1984-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

32

Hard boiling eggs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hard boiling eggs Hard boiling eggs Name: Sandburg J High Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: We have been studying chemical and physical changes in 6th grade science class and we were wondering whether hard boiling an egg would be a chemical or a physical change? Thanks for a reply! Replies: You decide. Here's what's going on: the proteins in the fresh egg are in the shape of tight little balls. When you boil the egg, these proteins unravel ("denature"), like balls of yarn unraveling into loose skeins. The strands of protein then get all tangled up with one another, so much so that they are locked in place and can no longer move. They also lock into place the other liquid components of the egg, forming all together what's called a "gel" instead of the liquid you started off with. The gel acts like a soft, rubbery solid because of the network of protein strands holding it all together. It's certainly true that when the protein denatures some chemical bonds are broken, but the most important effect is the tangling up process.

33

SUPER HARD SURFACED POLYMERS  

SciTech Connect

High energy ion beam surface treatments were applied to a selected group of polymers. Of the six materials in the present study, four were thermoplastics (polycarbonate, polyethylene, polyethylene terephthalate, and polystyrene) and two were thermosets (epoxy and polyimide). The particular epoxy evaluated in this work is one of the resins used in formulating fiber reinforced composites for military helicopter blades. Measures of mechanical properties of the near surface regions were obtained by nanoindentation hardness and pin on disk wear. Attempts were also made to measure erosion resistance by particle impact. All materials were hardness tested. Pristine materials were very soft, having values in the range of approximately 0.1 to 0.5 GPa. Ion beam treatment increased hardness by up to 50 times compared to untreated materials. For reference, all materials were hardened to values higher than those typical of stainless steels. Wear tests were carried out on three of the materials, PET, PI and epoxy. On the ion beam treated epoxy no wear could be detected, whereas the untreated material showed significant wear.

Mansur, Louis K [ORNL; Bhattacharya, R [UES, Incorporated, Dayton, OH; Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL; Clemons, Art [ORNL; Eberle, Cliff [ORNL; Evans, H B [UES, Incorporated, Dayton, OH; Janke, Christopher James [ORNL; Jolly, Brian C [ORNL; Lee, E H [Consultant, Milpitas, CA; Leonard, Keith J [ORNL; Trejo, Rosa M [ORNL; Rivard, John D [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

hepph/0405158 3.1 Hard contribution 7  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contributions, namely terms in the soft part that do not diverge in the limit # ### ## and terms in the hard; ######## ## ############ # ## ### ##### ### ### ############ # ## ####### ##### ########## #### # 3.1 Hard contribution 7 3.2 Soft contribution 12 3.3 Total thermal production rate 14 superpartners|the axino and the saxion|arise, which are not part of the standard spectrum of the minimally

35

Novel Processing for Porous Ceramics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 27, 2009 ... Macro-Porous Ceramics through Novel Processing Approaches: Tatsuki Ohji1; Manabu Fukushima1; Yu-ichi Yoshizawa1; 1National Institute of ...

36

Vickers Hardness Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 10   Vickers hardness numbers...0.087 245.0 244.4 243.9 243.3 242.8 242.2 241.6 241.1 240.6 240.0 0.088 239.5 238.9 238.4 237.8 237.3 236.8 236.2 235.7 235.2 234.6 0.089 234.1 233.6 233.1 232.5 232.0 231.5 231.0 230.5 230.0 229.4 0.090 228.9 228.4 227.9 227.4 226.9 226.4 225.9 225.4 224.9 224.4 0.091 223.9 223.4 222.9 222.5 222.0...

37

Rigid porous filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention involves a porous rigid filter including a plurality of concentric filtration elements having internal flow passages and forming external flow passages there between. The present invention also involves a pressure vessel containing the filter for the removal of particulates from high pressure particulate containing gases, and further involves a method for using the filter to remove such particulates. The present filter has the advantage of requiring fewer filter elements due to the high surface area-to-volume ratio provided by the filter, requires a reduced pressure vessel size, and exhibits enhanced mechanical design properties, improved cleaning properties, configuration options, modularity and ease of fabrication.

Chiang, Ta-Kuan (Morgantown, WV); Straub, Douglas L. (Morgantown, WV); Dennis, Richard A. (Morgantown, WV)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Laser Processing and Hard Coatings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013 ... Advances in Surface Engineering: Alloyed and Composite Coatings II: Laser Processing and Hard Coatings Sponsored by: TMS Materials ...

39

Overview: Hard Rock Penetration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Hard Rock Penetration program is developing technology to reduce the costs of drilling and completing geothermal wells. Current projects include: lost circulation control, rock penetration mechanics, instrumentation, and industry/DOE cost shared projects of the Geothermal Drilling organization. Last year, a number of accomplishments were achieved in each of these areas. A new flow meter being developed to accurately measure drilling fluid outflow was tested extensively during Long Valley drilling. Results show that this meter is rugged, reliable, and can provide useful measurements of small differences in fluid inflow and outflow rates. By providing early indications of fluid gain or loss, improved control of blow-out and lost circulation problems during geothermal drilling can be expected. In the area of downhole tools for lost circulation control, the concept of a downhole injector for injecting a two-component, fast-setting cementitious mud was developed. DOE filed a patent application for this concept during FY 91. The design criteria for a high-temperature potassium, uranium, thorium logging tool featuring a downhole data storage computer were established, and a request for proposals was submitted to tool development companies. The fundamental theory of acoustic telemetry in drill strings was significantly advanced through field experimentation and analysis. A new understanding of energy loss mechanisms was developed.

Dunn, J.C.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Overview - Hard Rock Penetration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Hard Rock Penetration program is developing technology to reduce the costs of drilling and completing geothermal wells. Current projects include: lost circulation control, rock penetration mechanics, instrumentation, and industry/DOE cost shared projects of the Geothermal Drilling Organization. Last year, a number of accomplishments were achieved in each of these areas. A new flow meter being developed to accurately measure drilling fluid outflow was tested extensively during Long Valley drilling. Results show that this meter is rugged, reliable, and can provide useful measurements of small differences in fluid inflow and outflow rates. By providing early indications of fluid gain or loss, improved control of blow-out and lost circulation problems during geothermal drilling can be expected. In the area of downhole tools for lost circulation control, the concept of a downhole injector for injecting a two-component, fast-setting cementitious mud was developed. DOE filed a patent application for this concept during FY 91. The design criteria for a high-temperature potassium, uranium, thorium logging tool featuring a downhole data storage computer were established, and a request for proposals was submitted to tool development companies. The fundamental theory of acoustic telemetry in drill strings was significantly advanced through field experimentation and analysis. A new understanding of energy loss mechanisms was developed.

Dunn, James C.

1992-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Overview: Hard Rock Penetration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Hard Rock Penetration program is developing technology to reduce the costs of drilling and completing geothermal wells. Current projects include: lost circulation control, rock penetration mechanics, instrumentation, and industry/DOE cost shared projects of the Geothermal Drilling organization. Last year, a number of accomplishments were achieved in each of these areas. A new flow meter being developed to accurately measure drilling fluid outflow was tested extensively during Long Valley drilling. Results show that this meter is rugged, reliable, and can provide useful measurements of small differences in fluid inflow and outflow rates. By providing early indications of fluid gain or loss, improved control of blow-out and lost circulation problems during geothermal drilling can be expected. In the area of downhole tools for lost circulation control, the concept of a downhole injector for injecting a two-component, fast-setting cementitious mud was developed. DOE filed a patent application for this concept during FY 91. The design criteria for a high-temperature potassium, uranium, thorium logging tool featuring a downhole data storage computer were established, and a request for proposals was submitted to tool development companies. The fundamental theory of acoustic telemetry in drill strings was significantly advanced through field experimentation and analysis. A new understanding of energy loss mechanisms was developed.

Dunn, J.C.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Combustion in porous media  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A 2.8-liter tube-shaped combustion vessel was constructed to study flame propagation and quenching in porous media. For this experiment, hydrogen-air flames propagating horizontally into abed of 6 mm diameter glass beads were studied. Measurements of pressure and temperature along the length of the tube were used to observe flame propagation of quenching. The critical hydrogen concentration for Hz-air mixtures was found to be 11.5%, corresponding to a critical Peclet number of Pe* = 37. This value is substantially less than the value of Pe* = 65 quoted in the literature, for example Babkin et al. (1991). It is hypothesized that buoyancy and a dependence of Pe on the Lewis number account for the discrepancy between these two results.

Dillon, J. [California Inst. of Technology, CA (US)

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Burning actinides in very hard spectrum reactors  

SciTech Connect

The major unresolved problem in the nuclear industry is the ultimate disposition of the waste products of light water reactors. The study demonstrates the feasibility of designing a very hard spectrum actinide burner reactor (ABR). A 1100 MW/sub t/ ABR design fueled entirely with actinides reprocessed from light water reactor (LWR) wastes is proposed as both an ultimate disposal mechanism for actinides and a means of concurrently producing usable power. Actinides from discharged ABR fuel are recycled to the ABR while fission products are routed to a permanent repository. As an integral part of a large energy park, each such ABR would dispose of the waste actinides from 2 LWRs.

Robinson, A.H.; Shirley, G.W.; Prichard, A.W.; Trapp, T.J.

1978-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

44

Cast Shop for Aluminum Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Organizer(s), Trond Furu, Hydro ... Review at Several US Aluminum Die Cast Manufacturers Using Unique, Non-Wetting, Micro-Porous Refractory Products.

45

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics of Porous Electrodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We reformulate and extend porous electrode theory for non-ideal active materials, including those capable of phase transformations. Using principles of non-equilibrium thermodynamics, we relate the cell voltage, ionic ...

Ferguson, Todd Richard

46

Electroosmosis in homogeneously charged micro- and nanoscale random porous media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

used in generations of multiphase porous structures based onof various multiphase micro porous media including granularfor reproducing multiphase granular porous microstructures [

Wang, Moran; Chen, Shiyi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Hardness of Maximum Constraint Satisfaction.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??We show optimal (up to a constant factor) NP-hardness for maximum constraint satisfaction problem with k variables per constraint (Max-k-CSP), whenever k is larger than… (more)

Chan, Siu On

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

On the transport of emulsions in porous media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tions related to multiphase ?ow in porous media. We haveof multiphase ?ow. Key words: emulsion, porous media,

Cortis, Andrea; Ghezzehei, Teamrat A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Jammed Packings of Hard Particles Aleksandar Donev  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of disordered and ordered hard-sphere and hard-ellipsoid packings. In the first part of this dissertation-equilibrium) free energy of nearly jammed packings of hard particles is designed and implemented. In the second partJammed Packings of Hard Particles Aleksandar Donev A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty

Mohri, Mehryar

50

Spatially Resolved Porous Electrode Theory for Rechargeable ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Nanostructured Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries and for Supercapacitors. Presentation Title, Spatially Resolved Porous Electrode Theory for ...

51

Fabrication and Characterization of Reticulated, Porous Mesh ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 1, 2010 ... Fabrication and Characterization of Reticulated, Porous Mesh Arrays and Foams for Aerospace Applications by Additive Manufacturing Using ...

52

Hierarchical Template of Porous Carbon for Multifunctional ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hierarchical Template of Porous Carbon for Multifunctional Applications · Interstitial Hydride ... Structurally Dynamic Metal Organic Frameworks for CO2 Capture.

53

Metal recovery from porous materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for recovering plutonium and other metals from materials by leaching comprising the steps of incinerating the materials to form a porous matrix as the residue of incineration, immersing the matrix into acid in a microwave-transparent pressure vessel, sealing the pressure vessel, and applying microwaves so that the temperature and the pressure in the pressure vessel increase. The acid for recovering plutonium can be a mixture of HBF.sub.4 and HNO.sub.3 and preferably the pressure is increased to at least 100 PSI and the temperature to at least 200.degree. C. The porous material can be pulverized before immersion to further increase the leach rate.

Sturcken, Edward F. (P.O. Box 900, Isle of Palms, SC 29451)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Process of preparing tritiated porous silicon  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process of preparing tritiated porous silicon in which porous silicon is equilibrated with a gaseous vapor containing HT/T.sub.2 gas in a diluent for a time sufficient for tritium in the gas phase to replace hydrogen present in the pore surfaces of the porous silicon.

Tam, Shiu-Wing (Downers Grove, IL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Metal recovery from porous materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to recovery of metals. More specifically, the present invention relates to the recovery of plutonium and other metals from porous materials using microwaves. The United States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC09-89SR18035 between the US Department of Energy and Westinghouse Savannah River Company.

Sturcken, E.F.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Mesoscopic predictions of the effective thermal conductivity for microscale random porous media.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

microstructures of multiphase porous media. A latticeequation with complex multiphase porous geometries, aprobabilities. For multiphase porous media systems ?N ? 3?

Wang, Moran; Wang, Jinku; Pan, Ning; Chen, Shiyi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Microwave assisted hard rock cutting  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for the sequential fracturing and cutting of subsurface volume of hard rock (102) in the strata (101) of a mining environment (100) by subjecting the volume of rock to a beam (25) of microwave energy to fracture the subsurface volume of rock by differential expansion; and , then bringing the cutting edge (52) of a piece of conventional mining machinery (50) into contact with the fractured rock (102).

Lindroth, David P. (Apple Valley, MN); Morrell, Roger J. (Bloomington, MN); Blair, James R. (Inver Grove Heights, MN)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Metal recovery from porous materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for recovering plutonium and other metals from materials by leaching comprising the steps of incinerating the materials to form a porous matrix as the residue of incineration, immersing the matrix into acid in a microwave-transparent pressure vessel, sealing the pressure vessel, and applying microwaves so that the temperature and the pressure in the pressure vessel increase. The acid for recovering plutonium can be a mixture of HBF[sub 4] and HNO[sub 3] and preferably the pressure is increased to at least 100 PSI and the temperature to at least 200 C. The porous material can be pulverized before immersion to further increase the leach rate.

Sturcken, E.F.

1992-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

59

Functionally Designed Hard Materials - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Wear resistance of materials is augmented by changing chemical compositions and microstructures that controls their hardness and fracture ...

60

An Interview with Jerry Harding: Mainframes redux  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Type80 Security Software, Inc. Managing Director Jerry Harding reflects on three decades of involvement with mainframe computers.

M. E. Kabay

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Periodically kicked hard oscillators G. A. Cecchi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Periodically kicked hard oscillators G. A. Cecchi Departamento de Fisica, U.N.L.P.,Argentina D. L for publication 25 November 1992) A model of a hard oscillator with analytic solution is presented. Its behavior forcing, and is intrinsic to hard oscillators; it is characterized by discontinuous circle maps

Magnasco, Marcelo Osvaldo

62

1 July 1996 `The Hard Problem'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 July 1996 Turning `The Hard Problem' Upside Down & Sideways Piet Hut Roger N. Shepard School. As a first option, we reconsider the `hard problem' of the relation between conscious experience and the physical world by thus turning that problem upside down. We also consider a second option: turning the hard

Hut, Piet

63

Matrix Recipes for Hard Thresholding Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Matrix Recipes for Hard Thresholding Methods Anastasios Kyrillidis and Volkan Cevher Abstract a new set of sparse and low-rank recovery algorithms within the class of hard thresholding methods. We complexity. Index Terms Affine rank minimization, compressed sensing, sparse approximation algorithms, hard

Diggavi, Suhas

64

A Marriage of Hardware and Hard Work  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shaken but Not Stirred Shaken but Not Stirred 2008 Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Award The 2008 3-Way Meeting In R&D, Super X-rays Mark Many Spots A New Gas Loading System for Diamond Anvil Cells at GSECARS APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed A Marriage of Hardware and Hard Work MAY 5, 2008 Bookmark and Share The first assembled production girder for the LCLS sits atop the coordinate measuring machine. From "SLAC Today," http://today.slac.stanford.edu/ The first undulator support girder assembly for the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) made its way from the Collider Hall, where technicians are piecing them together, to the

65

Hard scattering phenomena from RHIC to LHC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider era the high-p{sub T} particle emerging from hard scattering became an important tool of exploration of excited nuclear medium formed in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. Discovery of anomalous suppression of high-p{sub T} particle yield [1] together with an observation of disappearance of back-to-back hadron correlation in central Au+Au collisions in 2002 [2] were the key results interpreted as a manifestation of the deconfined QCD medium in heavy ion collisions. Analysis of the high-p{sub T} particle and jet production is already a standard experimental technique providing a test bench for pQCD description of the point-like constituent scattering in p+p collisions and sensitive probes of the excited nuclear medium in A+A collisions.

Rak, Jan [Jyvaeskylae University, FI-40014 Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

66

Consciousness in Robots: The Hard Problem and Some Less Hard Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consciousness in Robots: The Hard Problem and Some Less Hard Problems B. J. MacLennan Department it is also important. Finally we explore the Hard Problem for robots (i.e., whether they can experience sub, intentional- ity, evolutionary psychology, artificial life, autonomous robots, the hard problem I

Tennessee, University of

67

Consciousness in Robots: The Hard Problem and Some Less Hard Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Consciousness in Robots: The Hard Problem and Some Less Hard Problems (Extended Version intrinsic intentionality from consciousness, but argue it is also important. Fi- nally we explore the Hard using "the Hard Problem" to refer to the principal scientific problem of consciousness, which

Tennessee, University of

68

Hard Scattering Studies at Jlab  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We present current activities and future prospects for studies of hard scattering processes using the CLAS detector and the CEBAF polarized electron beam. Kinematic dependences of single and double spin asymmetries have been measured in a wide kinematic range at CLAS with a polarized NH{sub 3} and unpolarized liquid hydrogen targets. It has been shown that the data are consistent with factorization and observed target and beam asymmetries are in good agreement with measurements performed at higher energies, suggesting that the high energy-description of the semi-inclusive DIS process can be extended to the moderate energies of JLab measurements.

Harutyun Avagyan; Peter Bosted; Volker Burkert; Latifa Elouadrhiri

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

The effect of the packing density on the indentation hardness of cohesive-frictional porous materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural composites in general and sedimentary rocks in particular are highly heterogeneous materials which defy a straightforward implementation of the materials science paradigm of microstructure-properties-performance ...

Cariou, Sophie, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Porous Ceramics and Coatings - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 18, 2010 ... Gelcasting for Bulk, Laminate, and Porous Ceramics: Katherine Faber1; Noah Shanti1; 1Northwestern University Near-net forming gelcasting ...

71

Porous Coordination Polymer Composite Membranes for Gas ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This novel architecture should allow the porous coordination polymer to sieve the gas molecules, while being bound into a sealable, gas-tight structure which is ...

72

Hierarchically Ordered Porous Carbon Films for Commercial ...  

for kinetic adsorption. The ORNL invention offers both a method for making new, hierarchically ordered porous carbon films and describes a capacitive deionization

73

POROUS SUBSTRATES FILLED WITH NANOMATERIALS - Energy ...  

A composition comprising: at least one porous carbon monolith, such as a carbon aerogel, comprising internal pores, and at least one nanomaterial, such as carbon ...

74

NIST: Characterization of Porous Transport Media for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... properties of a porous transport layer (PTL) – porosity distribution, liquid saturation as a function of pressure, liquid and gas permeability, thermal ...

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

75

Gas sensor incorporating a porous framework  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure provides sensor for gas sensing including CO.sub.2 gas sensors comprising a porous framework sensing area for binding an analyte gas.

Yaghi, Omar M.; Czaja, Alexander U.; Wang, Bo; Furukawa, Hiroyasu; Galatsis, Kosmas; Wang, Kang L.

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

76

Digital Construction and Characterization of Reticulated Porous ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this approach, a porous structure is numerically generated starting with Powell's ... Application of Conical Beam X-Ray Tomography to Multi-Phase Materials.

77

Hierarchically Ordered Porous Carbon Films for Commercial ...  

Technology Marketing Summary Porous carbon films that can be optimized and assembled as electrodes in a device to desalinate water have been ...

78

Mechanical Reliability Study on Porous Brittle Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Mechanical Reliability Study on Porous Brittle Materials. Author(s), Xiaofeng Fan, Eldon D Case, Fei Ren, Yutian Shu, Melissa J Baumann .

79

THE RANDOM CHOICE METHOD FOR CALCULATING FLUID DISPLACEMENT IN A POROUS MEDIUM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Multiphase fluid displacement in a porous mediumIntroduction Multiphase fluid displacement in a porous

Albright, N.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

A Parallel Second-Order Adaptive Mesh Algorithm for Incompressible Flow in Porous Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solving multiphase, incompressible ?ows in porous media. Wemultiphase, multicomponent incompressible ?ow in hetero- geneous porous

Pau, George Shu Heng

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Computing the Seismic Attenuation in Complex Porous Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and dispersion of compressional waves in ?uid- ?lled porous rocks with partial gasand dispersion of compressional waves in ?uid- ?lled porous rocks with partial gas

Masson, Yder Jean

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Vibro-acoustic products from re-cycled raw materials using a cold extrusion process. A continuous cold extrusion process has been developed to tailor a porous structure from polymeric waste, so that the final material possesses particular vibro-acoustic properties.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A cold extrusion process has been developed to tailor a porous structure from polymeric waste. The use of an extruder to manufacture acoustic materials from… (more)

Khan, Amir

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Microelectromechanical pump utilizing porous silicon  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microelectromechanical (MEM) pump is disclosed which includes a porous silicon region sandwiched between an inlet chamber and an outlet chamber. The porous silicon region is formed in a silicon substrate and contains a number of pores extending between the inlet and outlet chambers, with each pore having a cross-section dimension about equal to or smaller than a mean free path of a gas being pumped. A thermal gradient is provided along the length of each pore by a heat source which can be an electrical resistance heater or an integrated circuit (IC). A channel can be formed through the silicon substrate so that inlet and outlet ports can be formed on the same side of the substrate, or so that multiple MEM pumps can be connected in series to form a multi-stage MEM pump. The MEM pump has applications for use in gas-phase MEM chemical analysis systems, and can also be used for passive cooling of ICs.

Lantz, Jeffrey W. (Albuquerque, NM); Stalford, Harold L. (Norman, OK)

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

84

Conditional hardness for satisfiable 3-CSPs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we study a fundamental open problem in the area of probabilistic checkable proofs: What is the smallest s such that NP ? naPCP1,s[O(log n),3]? In the language of hardness of approximation, this problem is equivalent to determining ... Keywords: PCP, hardness of approximation, khot's, satisfiable 3-CSPs

Ryan O'Donnell; Yi Wu

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

General troubleshooting is NP-hard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Here is the proof that decision-theoretic troubleshooting with dependent actions is an NP-hard problem, the troubleshooting with dependent costs, is NP-hard too. We also present a generalization of troubleshooting that shows alternatives to minimum ECR goal function.

Marta Sochorov

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Development and optimization of porous carbon papers suitable for gas diffusion electrodes. Final report, December 2000  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This final report details results from the program to optimize porous carbon gas diffusion electrodes for use in fuel cells. Efforts focused on isolating discrete paper properties through a custom-made matrix, then fuel cell testing each variant to correlate properties to performance. Resulting reduced cost material was manufactured on production equipment and made available to DOE industry partners. The resulting product is suitable for continuous production, which will be evaluated in future work.

Fleming, Gerald J.; Fleming, Patrick J.

2001-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

87

Revisit of interfacial free energy of the hard sphere system near hard wall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a simple Monte Carlo method to calculate the interfacial free energy between the substrate and the material. Using this method we investigate the interfacial free energys of the hard sphere fluid and solid phases near a smooth hard wall. According to the obtained interfacial free energys of the coexisting fluid and solid phases and the Young equation we are able to determine the contact angle with high accuracy, cos$\\theta$ = 1:010(31), which indicates that a smooth hard wall can be wetted completely by the hard sphere crystal at the interface between the wall and the hard sphere fluid.

Mingcheng Yang; Hongru Ma

2008-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

88

Multiphase flow in fractured porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The major goal of this research project was to improve the understanding of the gas-oil two-phase flow in fractured porous media. In addition, miscible displacement was studied to evaluate its promise for enhanced recovery.

Firoozabadi, A.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Electrolytic Infiltration into Laser Sintered Porous Graphite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Green Technologies for Materials Manufacturing and Processing V. Presentation Title, Electrolytic Infiltration into Laser Sintered Porous Graphite ... Tensile and Fatigue Testing of 304 Stainless Steel after Gaseous Hydrogen ...

90

Porous polymeric materials for hydrogen storage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A porous polymer, poly-9,9'-spirobifluorene and its derivatives for storage of H.sub.2 are prepared through a chemical synthesis method. The porous polymers have high specific surface area and narrow pore size distribution. Hydrogen uptake measurements conducted for these polymers determined a higher hydrogen storage capacity at the ambient temperature over that of the benchmark materials. The method of preparing such polymers, includes oxidatively activating solids by CO.sub.2/steam oxidation and supercritical water treatment.

Yu, Luping; Liu, Di-Jia; Yuan, Shengwen; Yang, Junbing

2013-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

91

Method for preparing porous metal hydride compacts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for preparing porous metallic-matrix hydride compacts which can be repeatedly hydrided and dehydrided without disintegration. A mixture of a finely divided metal hydride and a finely divided matrix metal is contacted with a poison which prevents the metal hydride from dehydriding at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. The mixture of matrix metal and poisoned metal hydride is then compacted under pressure at room temperature to form porous metallic-matrix hydride compacts.

Ron, M.; Gruen, D.M.; Mendelsohn, M.H.; Sheft, I.

1980-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

92

Three-dimensional effect on the effective thermal conductivity of porous media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conductivity of multiphase random porous media. The energymorphology of multiphase random porous media. Wang’sfor multiphase conjugate heat transfer through a porous

Wang, Moran R Dr.; Wang, J K; Pan, N; Chen, S Y; He, J H

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Mesoscopic simulations of phase distribution effects on the effective thermal conductivity of microgranular porous media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will be weakened. For multiphase porous media, the degree ofmicrostructures of multiphase porous media with emphasis onmaterials [38,39]. For multiphase porous media systems ( n ?

Wang, Moran Dr.; Pan, Ning; Wang, Jinku; Chen, Shiyi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Efficient Schemes for Reducing Numerical Dispersion in Modeling Multiphase Transport through Porous and Fractured Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

within a fluid in a multiphase- porous-medium system isand radiation in a multiphase, multicomponent, porous mediumModeling Multiphase Transport through Porous and Fractured

Wu, Yu-Shu; Forsyth, Peter A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Analytical Solution to the Riemann Problem of Three-Phase Flow in Porous Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

properties governing multiphase ?ow in porous media. Waterof multicomponent, multiphase displacement in porous media.e?ects We study multiphase ?ow in porous media under the

Juanes, Ruben; Patzek, Tadeusz W.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

What Previous Disasters Teach: The (Really) Hard Lessons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What Previous Disasters Teach: The (Really) Hard Lessons What Previous Disasters Teach: The (Really) Hard LessonsThe (Really) Hard Lessons of Katrina and Haiti for Humanitarian Logistics The (Really) Hard debacle or How not to do it The Port au Prince Earthquake: More Hard Lessons Implications Suggestions #12

Mitchell, John E.

97

SRNL POROUS WALL GLASS MICROSPHERES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has developed a new medium for storage of hydrogen and other gases. This involves fabrication of thin, Porous Walled, Hollow Glass Microspheres (PW-HGMs), with diameters generally in the range of 1 to several hundred microns. What is unique about the glass microballons is that porosity has been induced and controlled within the thin, one micron thick walls, on the scale of 10 to several thousand Angstroms. This porosity results in interesting properties including the ability to use these channels to fill the microballons with special absorbents and other materials, thus providing a contained environment even for reactive species. Gases can now enter the microspheres and be retained on the absorbents, resulting in solid-state and contained storage of even reactive species. Also, the porosity can be altered and controlled in various ways, and even used to filter mixed gas streams within a system. SRNL is involved in about a half dozen different programs involving these PW-HGMs and an overview of some of these activities and results emerging are presented.

Wicks, G; Leung Heung, L; Ray Schumacher, R

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

Novel hard compositions and methods of preparation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Novel very hard compositions of matter are prepared by using in all embodiments only a minor amount of a particular carbide (or materials which can form the carbide in situ when subjected to heat and pressure); and no strategic cobalt is needed. Under a particular range of conditions, densified compositions of matter of the invention are prepared having hardnesses on the Rockwell A test substantially equal to the hardness of pure tungsten carbide and to two of the hardest commercial cobalt-bonded tungsten carbides. Alternately, other compositions of the invention which have slightly lower hardnesses than those described above in one embodiment also possess the advantage of requiring no tungsten and in another embodiment possess the advantage of having a good fracture toughness value.

Sheinberg, H.

1981-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

99

EQUIPMENT FOR HARDNESS TESTING AT ELEVATED TEMPERATURES  

SciTech Connect

The design and testing procedures of two elevatedtemperature hardness testers are described. One device uses a Rockwell tester with a large vertical capacity and a load range of 15 to 150 kg. The tester is equipped with a 900 deg C heating chamber which maintains an argon atmosphere over the specimen and can be laterally displaced by a cross-feed mechanism to allow repeated hardness readings to be made on the same specimen. The second instrument is a microindentation hardness tester for hardness determinations to a maximum temperature of 1000 deg C in vacuum of 10/sup -4/ to 10/sup -5/ torr. A deadweight loading system with a 136-deg diamond pyramid (Vickers) indenter, capable of delivering static loads between 0.150 and 3 kg, is contained within the vacuum chamber to avoid calibration problems that arise when loads are applied from outside the vacuum system. The microindentation hardness tester allows up to 100 determinations to be made on a single specimen without opening the test chamber. The applicability of the testers is illustrated by elevatedtemperature hardness measurements on several commercial alloys, a group of niobium-vanadium alloys, and by the changes in hardness occurring at the transformation temperatures of iron and steel. Hardness values of Haynes alloy No. 25 were determined at the temperatures of aging and are shown to be different from those obtained with the customary method of investigating age hardening. The testing is currently being used to aid and accelerate the development of alloys with desirable high-temperature properties. (auth)

Hallerman, G.; Gray, R.J.

1963-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

100

Radiation-Hard Quartz Cerenkov Calorimeters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New generation hadron colliders are going to reach unprecedented energies and radiation levels. Quartz has been identified as a radiation-hard material that can be used for Cerenkov calorimeters of the future experiments. We report from the radiation hardness tests performed on quartz fibers, as well as the characteristics of the quartz fiber and plate Cerenkov calorimeters that have been built, designed, and proposed for the CMS experiment.

Akgun, U.; Onel, Y. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, 203 Van Allen Hall, Iowa City, IA, 52242 (United States)

2006-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are serious concerns about the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, energy and nutrient and water use efficiency of large-scale, first generation bio-energy feedstocks currently in use. A major question is whether biofuels obtained from these feedstocks are effective in combating climate change and what impact they will have on soil and water resources. Another fundamental issue relates to the magnitude and nature of their impact on food prices and ultimately on the livelihoods of the poor. A possible solution to overcome the current potentially large negative effects of large-scale biofuel production is developing second and third generation conversion techniques from agricultural residues and wastes and step up the scientific research efforts to achieve sustainable biofuel production practices. Until such sustainable techniques are available governments should scale back their support for and promotion of biofuels. Multipurpose feedstocks should be investigated making use of the bio-refinery concept (bio-based economy). At the same time, the further development of non-commercial, small scale

Science Council Secretariat

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Effect of Heat Treatment Variations on the Hardness and Mechanical ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

the greatest impact on hardness with increasing cooling rate increasing fully heat treated hardness. A specimen test program was then initiated to determine the ...

103

Direct Imaging of Soft?Hard Interfaces Enabled by Graphene  

transmission electron microscopy of hard and soft nanomaterials. The interfaces between soft and hard materials ... taken along the dashed line in the ...

104

Theoretical Studies of Non-Newtonian and Newtonian Fluid Flow through Porous Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Modeling Fluid and Heat Flow in Fractured Porous Media,"Newtonian fluid flow through porous or fractured media. The

Wu, Y.S.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Low-frequency dilatational wave propagation through unsaturated porous media containing two immiscible fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the porous medium frame K b , the multiphase interstitialin a porous medium to be represented by a single multiphase

Lo, W.-C.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Upscaling solute transport in naturally fractured porous media with the continuous time random walk method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fracture model for multiphase ?ow in porous media. AIChEsingle- and multiphase transport in fractured porous media

Geiger, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Transient Steam Flow in Porous Media - Theory and Experiment  

SciTech Connect

The adsorption of steam in porous media, leading to a delay in steam pressure breakthrough, has been incorporated into a revised model of steam flow in a porous medium.

Herkelrath, W.N.; Moench, A.F.

1980-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

108

Investigation of polarization anisotropy in individual porous silicon nanoparticles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polarization anisotropy is investigated in single porous silicon nanoparticles containing multiple chromophores. Two forms of nanoparticle samples are studied; low current density (LCD) and high current density (HCD). Photoluminescence measurements reveal ... Keywords: Anisotropy, Photoluminescence, Polarization, Porous silicon, Silicon nanocrystal

Daniel J. Gargas; Donald J. Sirbuly; Michael D. Mason; Paul J. Carson; Steven K. Buratto

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Genetic Loci Related to Kernel Quality Differences between a Soft and a Hard Wheat Cultivar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT processing and end-use characteristics, which depend Hybridizations between hard and soft wheat types could be a source on protein hydration and development through mixing. of novel variation for wheat quality improvement. This study was con- Hard wheat is generally used for making bread-type ducted to identify genomic regions related to differences in milling and products, and soft wheat is generally preferred for baking quality between a soft and a hard cultivar of hexaploid wheat pastry-type products. Hard grain requires more energy (Triticum aestivum L.). A population of 101 double-haploid lines was to be reduced to flour than soft grain, and its starch generated from a cross between Grandin, a hard spring wheat variety, and AC Reed, a soft spring wheat variety. The genetic map included 320 markers in 43 linkage groups and spanned 3555 cM. Quadrumat-milled flour yield, softness equivalent, flour protein content and alkaline water retention capacity were evaluated for three locations and one year, and Allis-Chalmers milling, mixograph, and cookie baking tests were completed without replication. The effect of qualitative variation for kernel texture, caused by the segregation of the Hardness gene, was granules are damaged more during milling. Damaged

Flávio Breseghello; Patrick L. Finney; Charles Gaines; Lonnie Andrews; James Tanaka; Gregory Penner; Mark E. Sorrells

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Flow of particle suspensions through porous media  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new attempt is made to study the mechanisms of particle invasions into porous media. The following subjects are described: A critical survey of the literature indicating that the mechanism of particle invasions is not known in sufficient detail. The pros and cons of existing particle measuring devices are briefly described. Results from a new laboratory study on particle characterizations are given. The results of the laboratory studies on the flow of particle suspensions through porous media (up to 200 md) are discussed. The effects of flow rate and particle concentrations on the amount of damage (i.e., permeability impairment) and depth of penetration (from core inlet towards outlet) are particularly emphasized. Filter methods (e.g., using millipore filter) cannot be used to determine particle invasions into porous medium. Any predictions of the injection problems based on millipore (or any other filter) measurements are useless and should be discarded.

Vetter, O.J.; Kandarpa, V.; Harouaka, A.

1982-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

111

Joining of porous silicon carbide bodies  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of joining two porous bodies of silicon carbide is disclosed. It entails utilizing an aqueous slip of a similar silicon carbide as was used to form the porous bodies, including the sintering aids, and a binder to initially join the porous bodies together. Then the composite structure is subjected to cold isostatic pressing to form a joint having good handling strength. Then the composite structure is subjected to pressureless sintering to form the final strong bond. Optionally, after the sintering the structure is subjected to hot isostatic pressing to further improve the joint and densify the structure. The result is a composite structure in which the joint is almost indistinguishable from the silicon carbide pieces which it joins.

Bates, Carl H. (Worcester, MA); Couhig, John T. (Worcester, MA); Pelletier, Paul J. (Thompson, CT)

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Fundamentals of Porous Materials from Development to Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Frontiers of Materials Science: Fundamentals of Porous Materials from ...

113

The Effect of Pressure in Gas Separations Utilizing Porous ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Porous graphene, a stable 2-D polyphenylene network resembling graphene with periodically missing benzene rings, has recently been  ...

114

Impact dynamics of porous powder. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The shock adiabats have been built experimentally in the range of moderate pressures for three porous materials: Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} wheat flour, and their mixture. The model, which describes the behavior of porous powder materials under large-amplitude dynamic loading, has been constructed. The model applicability to describing the shock wave processes is confirmed by good agreement of the calculated shock adiabats and the data obtained in the experiments. The compressive strength of compacted samples has been determined. The possible trend of further researches is presented in conclusion. 15 refs., 19 figs., 6 tabs.

Titov, V.M.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

115

Porous polymeric materials for hydrogen storage  

SciTech Connect

Porous polymers, tribenzohexazatriphenylene, poly-9,9'-spirobifluorene, poly-tetraphenyl methane and their derivatives for storage of H.sub.2 prepared through a chemical synthesis method. The porous polymers have high specific surface area and narrow pore size distribution. Hydrogen uptake measurements conducted for these polymers determined a higher hydrogen storage capacity at the ambient temperature over that of the benchmark materials. The method of preparing such polymers, includes oxidatively activating solids by CO.sub.2/steam oxidation and supercritical water treatment.

Yu, Luping (Hoffman Estates, IL); Liu, Di-Jia (Naperville, IL); Yuan, Shengwen (Chicago, IL); Yang, Junbing (Westmont, IL)

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

116

Porous polymeric materials for hydrogen storage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Porous polymers, tribenzohexazatriphenylene, poly-9,9'-spirobifluorene, poly-tetraphenyl methane and their derivatives for storage of H.sub.2 prepared through a chemical synthesis method. The porous polymers have high specific surface area and narrow pore size distribution. Hydrogen uptake measurements conducted for these polymers determined a higher hydrogen storage capacity at the ambient temperature over that of the benchmark materials. The method of preparing such polymers, includes oxidatively activating solids by CO.sub.2/steam oxidation and supercritical water treatment.

Yu, Luping (Hoffman Estates, IL); Liu, Di-Jia (Naperville, IL); Yuan, Shengwen (Chicago, IL); Yang, Junbing (Westmont, IL)

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

117

Bounds on Transport Coefficients of Porous Media  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An analytical formulation of conductivity bounds by Bergman and Milton is used in a different way to obtain rigorous bounds on the real transport coefficients (electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and/or fluid permeability) of a fluid-saturated porous medium. These bounds do not depend explicitly on the porosity, but rather on two formation factors--one associated with the pore space and the other with the solid frame. Hashin-Shtrikman bounds for transport in random polycrystals of porous-material laminates will also be discussed.

Berryman, J G

2005-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

118

AC impedance analysis of Au/porous silicon contacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present the AC impedance analysis of Au/porous silicon contacts in order to investigate their conduction mechanisms. The porous silicon layer was obtained by electrochemical etching of the p-Si wafer. The measurements were made between ... Keywords: AC electrical conductivity, Electrical equivalent circuit, Porous silicon

F. Fonthal; T. Trifonov; A. Rodriguez; L. F. Marsal; J. Pallarès

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Microsoft Word - ORNL Hard Drives Final 08132010  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Inspections and Special Inquires Inspections and Special Inquires Inspection Report Internal Controls over Computer Hard Drives at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory INS-O-10-03 August 2010 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 August 16, 2010 MEMORANDUM FOR THE DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF SCIENCE FROM: Sandra D. Bruce Assistant Inspector General for Inspections and Special Inquiries SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Inspection Report on "Internal Controls over Computer Hard Drives at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory" BACKGROUND The Department of Energy's (Department) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak

120

Rich n-heptane and diesel combustion in porous media  

SciTech Connect

Rich n-heptane and diesel flames in two-layer porous media are experimentally investigated in the context of syngas production. The stable operating points of n-heptane reforming have been determined and the mole fractions of H{sub 2}, CO, CO{sub 2} and light hydrocarbons have been measured in the exhaust gas at an equivalence ratio of 2 for different thermal input values. The reformer performance has been assessed also from the point of view of the heat losses and the mixture homogeneity. The pre-vapouriser produces an approximately uniform vapour-air mixture upstream of the flame front. The range of flow rates for stable flames decreased with increasing equivalence ratio. Heat losses were about 10% of the thermal input at high firing rates. A 77.2% of the equilibrium H{sub 2} was achieved at a flame speed of 0.82 m/s. The same reactor with a different porous matrix for the reforming stage demonstrates diesel reforming to syngas with a conversion efficiency of 77.3% for a flame speed of 0.65 m/s. (author)

Pastore, A.; Mastorakos, E. [Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PZ (United Kingdom)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Method of making porous ceramic fluoride  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for making a porous ceramic composite where fumed silica particles are coated with a nitrate, preferably aluminum nitrate. Next the nitrate is converted to an oxide and formed into a desired configuration. This configuration is heated to convert the oxide to an oxide silicate which is then react with HF, resulting in the fluoride ceramic, preferably aluminum fluoride.

Reiner, Robert H. (Knoxville, TN); Holcombe, Cressie E. (Farragut, TN)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Heat and mass transfer in porous media  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Field test data on the OOSI MR3 experiments are used as a basis for exhibiting the computational capabilities of the WAFE computer code, which is a generalized tool for the analysis of heat and mass transfer in multi-dimensional domains of porous geothermal materials.

Cook, T.L.; Harlow, F.H.; Travis, B.J.; Bartel, T.J.; Tyner, C.E.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Open-cell glass crystalline porous material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An open-cell glass crystalline porous material made from hollow microspheres which are cenospheres obtained from fly ash, having an open-cell porosity of up to 90 vol. % is produced. The cenospheres are separated into fractions based on one or more of grain size, density, magnetic or non-magnetic, and perforated or non-perforated. Selected fractions are molded and agglomerated by sintering with a binder at a temperature below the softening temperature, or without a binder at a temperature about, or above, the softening temperature but below the temperature of liquidity. The porous material produced has an apparent density of 0.3-0.6 g/cm.sup.3, a compressive strength in the range of 1.2-3.5 MPa, and two types of openings: through-flow wall pores in the cenospheres of 0.1-30 micrometers, and interglobular voids between the cenospheres of 20-100 micrometers. The porous material of the invention has properties useful as porous matrices for immobilization of liquid radioactive waste, heat-resistant traps and filters, supports for catalysts, adsorbents and ion-exchangers.

Anshits, Alexander G. (Krasnoyarsk, RU); Sharonova, Olga M. (Krasnoyarsk, RU); Vereshchagina, Tatiana A. (Krasnoyarsk, RU); Zykova, Irina D. (Krasnoyarsk, RU); Revenko, Yurii A. (Zheleznogorsk, RU); Tretyakov, Alexander A. (Zheleznogorsk, RU); Aloy, Albert S. (Saint-Petersburg, RU); Lubtsev, Rem I. (Saint-Petersburg, RU); Knecht, Dieter A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Tranter, Troy J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Macheret, Yevgeny (Idaho Falls, ID)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Zein Recovery Using Non-Porous Membranes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A membrane process for treating zein solutions to increase the zein concentration in the solution. The process uses a non-porous membrane that preferentially permeates the solvent and rejects the zein. Optionally, the process can be operated as a diafiltration process to yield a concentrate of high zein purity.

Mairal, Anurag P. (Fremont, CA); Ng, Alvin (Palo Alto, CA); Wijmans, Johannes G. (Menlo Park, CA)

2005-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

125

Porous ceramics and method for making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The fabrication of a porous ceramic composite is described. Fumed silica particles are coated with a nitrate, preferably aluminum nitrate. Next the nitrate is converted to an oxide and formed into a desired configuration. This configuration is heated to convert the oxide to an oxide silicate which is then react with HF, resulting in the fluoride ceramic, preferably aluminum fluoride.

Reiner, R.H.; Holcombe, C.E.

1989-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

126

Hard thermal loops in static external fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study, in the imaginary-time formalism, the high temperature behavior of n-point thermal loops in static Yang-Mills and gravitational fields. We show that in this regime, any hard thermal loop gives the same leading contribution as the one obtained by evaluating the loop at zero external energies and momenta.

Frenkel, J; Takahashi, N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Hard thermal loops in static background fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the high temperature behavior of retarded thermal loops in static external fields. We employ an analytic continuation of the imaginary time formalism and use a spectral representation of the thermal amplitudes. We show that, to all orders, the leading contributions of static hard thermal loops can be directly obtained by evaluating them at zero external energies and momenta.

Brandt, F T; Siqueira, J B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Applying Adaptive Evolutionary Algorithms to Hard Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applying Adaptive Evolutionary Algorithms to Hard Problems J.I. van Hemert1 jvhemert into two distinct parts. The main theme is adaptive evolutionary algorithms. The rst part covers. The second part mainly consists of the development of a library. Its use is aimed at evolutionary algorithms

Emmerich, Michael

129

Production Practice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Figure 1 shows the sequence of shapes in the production of a hollow handle for a table knife formed and coined in a 410 kg (900 lb) pneumatic drop hammer. The work metal was 0.81 mm (0.032 in.) thick copper alloy C75700 (nickel silver, 65â??12) annealed to a hardness of 35 to 45 HRB; blank size was 25 by...

130

Microsoft Word - HardingFarms-CX.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4, 2012 4, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Dawneen Dostert - TERR-LMT Proposed Action: Clark County Harding Farms LURR Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.9 Multiple use of powerline rights-of-way Location: Clark County, Washington - Township 3 North, Range 1 East, Section 25 and Vancouver Quadrangle Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: In response to the Clark County Public Works (CCPW) Land Use Review Request (LURR), BPA proposes to grant Clark County two easements across BPA fee-owned parcel south of tower 4/5 of the Ross-Lexington 230-kV transmission line right-of-way. The proposal is necessary due to Clark County PUD's Harding Farms Storm Water and Wetland Improvements Project,

131

Laser ablated hard coating for microtools  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Wear-resistant coatings composed of laser ablated hard carbon films, are deposited by pulsed laser ablation using visible light, on instruments such as microscope tips and micro-surgical tools. Hard carbon, known as diamond-like carbon (DLC), films produced by pulsed laser ablation using visible light enhances the abrasion resistance, wear characteristics, and lifetimes of small tools or instruments, such as small, sharp silicon tips used in atomic probe microscopy without significantly affecting the sharpness or size of these devices. For example, a 10-20 nm layer of diamond-like carbon on a standard silicon atomic force microscope (AFM) tip, enables the useful operating life of the tip to be increased by at least twofold. Moreover, the low inherent friction coefficient of the DLC coating leads to higher resolution for AFM tips operating in the contact mode.

McLean, II, William (Oakland, CA); Balooch, Mehdi (Berkeley, CA); Siekhaus, Wigbert J. (Berkeley, CA)

1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

132

A unified numerical framework model for simulating flow, transport, and heat transfer in porous and fractured media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or chemical species in a multiphase porous medium system canand radiation in a multiphase, multicomponent, porous mediummultiphase flow, multicomponent transport, and heat transfer in porous

Wu, Yu-Shu

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Numerical simulation of single-phase and multiphase non-Darcy flow in porous and fractured reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

well tests, multiphase flow, porous and fracturedin modeling multiphase flow in porous and fractured media,”description of multiphase flow through porous media: S w + S

Wu, Yu-Shu

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Porous coordination copolymers and methods for their production  

SciTech Connect

A coordination polymer includes a plurality of metal atoms or metal clusters linked together by a plurality of organic linking ligands. Each linking ligand comprises a residue of a negatively charged polydentate ligand. Characteristically, the plurality of multidentate ligands include a first linking ligand having first hydrocarbon backbone and a second ligand having a second hydrocarbon backbone. The first hydrocarbon backbone is different than the second hydrocarbon backbone.

Matzger, Adam J. (Ann Arbor, MI); Wong-Foy, Antek G. (Ann Arbor, MI); Koh, Kyoungmoo (Ann Arbor, MI)

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

135

Troubleshooting: NP-hardness and solution methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Troubleshooting is one of the areas where Bayesian Networks are successfully applied [7]. In the present paper we show that the generally defined troubleshooting task is NP-hard. Heuristic algorithms that find an optimal solutions are described. A method approximating the optimal solution within polynomial time is proposed. Approximations provided by different methods are compared with the optimal solutions. The comparisons are performed on models for troubleshooting of laser printers.

Marta Sochorova; Jiri Vomlel

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Plasma Propagation Through Porous Dielectric Sheets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—The propagation of plasmas through porous materials is one extreme example of a packed-bed reactor. Mechanisms for atmospheric-pressure plasmas flowing through porous dielectric films are computationally investigated. Images of this plasma flow are discussed. Index Terms—Photoionization, plasma functionalization. ATMOSPHERIC-PRESSURE plasmas (APPs) in dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) configurations are widely used for remediation of toxic gases. One such configuration is a packed-bed reactor where the plasma flows along the surface of high-dielectric-constant (?) beads where electric fields are intensified by the gradient in ? [1]. Typical DBD plasmas operate in air at atmospheric pressure at a few to tens of kilohertz, having electrode separations of a few millimeters to a centimeter. One extreme example of a packed-bed DBD reactor

Mingmei Wang; John E. Foster; Mark J. Kushner

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Porous fission fragment tracks in fluorapatite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fission tracks caused by the spontaneous fission of {sup 238}U in minerals, as revealed by chemical etching, are extensively used to determine the age and thermal history of Earth's crust. Details of the structure and annealing of tracks at the atomic scale have remained elusive, as the original track is destroyed during chemical etching. By combining transmission electron microscopy with in situ heating, we demonstrate that fission tracks in fluorapatite are actually porous tubes, instead of having an amorphous core, as generally assumed. Direct observation shows thermally induced track fragmentation in fluoapatite, in clear contrast to the amorphous tracks in zircon, which gradually ''fade'' without fragmentation. Rayleigh instability and the thermal emission of vacancies control the annealing of porous fission tracks in fluorapatite.

Li Weixing; Ewing, Rodney C. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2104 (United States); Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2104 (United States); Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1005 (United States); Wang Lumin [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2104 (United States); Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2104 (United States); Sun Kai [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2104 (United States); Lang, Maik [Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1005 (United States); Trautmann, Christina [GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research, Planckstr. 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany)

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Sharper Focusing of Hard X-rays  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sharper Focusing of Hard X-rays FROM: Physics News Update Number 773 #1, April 12, 2006, by Phil Schewe and Ben Stein Note: This text has been slightly modified from the original. Sharper focusing of hard x-rays has been achieved with a device developed at Argonne National Lab. Because of their high energy, x-rays are hard to focus: they can be reflected from a surface but only at a glancing angle (less than a tenth of a degree); they can be refracted but the index of refraction is very close to 1, so that making efficient lenses becomes a problem; and they can be diffracted, but the relatively thick, variable pitch grating required for focusing is tricky to achieve. The Argonne device is of the diffraction type, and it consists of a stack of alternating layers of metal and silicon, made by depositing progressively thicker layers. When the x-rays fall on such a structure, nearly edge-on, what they see is a grating (called a linear zone plate) consisting of a sort of bar-code pattern.

139

Radiation Hard Silicon Detectors For the SLHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will start taking data this year, scenarios for a machine upgrade to achieve a much higher luminosity are being developed. In the current planning, it is foreseen to incrase the luminosity of the LHC at CERN around 2016. As radiation damage scales with integrated luminosity, the particle physics experiments will need to be equipped with a new generation of radiation hard detectors. This article reports on the status of the R&D projects on radiation hard silicon strips detectors for particle physics, linked to the Large Hadron Collider Upgrader, Super-LHC (SLHC) of the ATLAS micro-stip detector. The primary focus of this report is on measuring the radiation hardness of the silicon materials and detectors under study. This involves designing silicon detectors, irradiating them to the SLHC radiation levels and studying their performance as particle detectors. The most promising silicon detector for the different radiation levels in the different regions of the ATLAS...

The ATLAS collaboration

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Leading twist nuclear shadowing phenomena in hard processes with nuclei  

SciTech Connect

We present and discuss the theory and phenomenology of the leading twist theory of nuclear shadowing which is based on the combination of the generalization of Gribov-Glauber theory, QCD factorization theorems, and HERA QCD analysis of diffraction in lepton-proton deep inelastic scattering (DIS). We apply this technique for the analysis of a wide range of hard processes with nuclei-inclusive DIS on deuterons, medium-range and heavy nuclei, coherent and incoherent diffractive DIS with nuclei, and hard diffraction in proton-nucleus scattering - and make predictions for the effect of nuclear shadowing in the corresponding sea quark and gluon parton distributions. We also analyze the role of the leading twist nuclear shadowing in generalized parton distributions in nuclei and certain characteristics of final states in nuclear DIS. We discuss the limits of applicability of the leading twist approximation for small x scattering off nuclei and the onset of the black disk regime and methods of detecting it. It will be possible to check many of our predictions in the near future in the studies of the ultraperipheral collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Further checks will be possible in pA collisions at the LHC and forward hadron production at Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Detailed tests will be possible at an Electon-Ion Collider (EIC) in USA and at the Large Hadron-Electron Collider (LHeC) at CERN.

Leonid Frankfurt, Vadim Guzey, Mark Strikman

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Fate of k_perp-factorization for hard processes in nuclear environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large thickness of heavy nuclei brings in a new scale into the pQCD description of hard processes in nuclear environment. The familiar linear $k_{\\perp}$-factorization breaks down and must be replaced by a new concept of the nonlinear $k_{\\perp}$-factorization introduced in \\cite{Nonlinear}. I demonstrate the salient features of nonlinear $k_{\\perp}$-factorization on an example of hard dijet production in DIS off heavy nuclei. I also discuss briefly the non-linear BFKL evolution for gluon density of nuclei.

N. N. Nikolaev

2004-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

Industrial Requirements and Applications of Hard Magnetic Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Industrial Requirements and Applications of Hard Magnetic Materials ... Bonded Magnetocaloric Powders for the Refrigeration Application.

143

Structural analysis of porous rock reservoirs subjected to conditions of compressed air energy storage  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Investigations are described which were performed to assess the structural behavior of porous rock compressed air energy storage (CAES) reservoirs subjected to loading conditions of temperature and pressure felt to be typical of such an operation. Analyses performed addressed not only the nominal or mean reservoir response but also the cyclic response due to charge/discharge operation. The analyses were carried out by assuming various geometrical and material related parameters of a generic site. The objective of this study was to determine the gross response of a generic porous reservoir. The site geometry for this study assumed a cylindrical model 122 m in dia and 57 m high including thicknesses for the cap, porous, and base rock formations. The central portion of the porous zone was assumed to be at a depth of 518 m and at an initial temperature of 20/sup 0/C. Cyclic loading conditions of compressed air consisted of pressure values in the range of 4.5 to 5.2 MPa and temperature values between 143 and 204/sup 0/C.Various modes of structural behavior were studied. These response modes were analyzed using loading conditions of temperature and pressure (in the porous zone) corresponding to various operational states during the first year of simulated site operation. The results of the structural analyses performed indicate that the most severely stressed region will likely be in the wellbore vicinity and hence highly dependent on the length of and placement technique utilized in the well production length. Analyses to address this specific areas are currently being pursued.

Friley, J.R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Direct synthesis of porous NiO nanowall arrays on conductive substrates for supercapacitor application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Porous NiO nanowall arrays (NWAs) grown on flexible Fe-Co-Ni alloy have been successfully synthesized by using nullaginite (Ni{sub 2}(OH){sub 2}CO{sub 3}) as precursor and investigated as supercapacitor electrodes. In details, we adopted a simple hydrothermal method to realize Ni{sub 2}(OH){sub 2}CO{sub 3} NWAs and examined their robust mechanical adhesion to substrate via a long-time ultrasonication test. Porous NiO NWAs were then obtained by a post-calcination towards precursors at 500 {sup o}C in nitrogen atmosphere. Electrochemical properties of as-synthesized NiO NWAs were evaluated by cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge/discharge; porous NiO NWAs electrode delivered a specific capacitance of 270 F/g (0.67 A/g); even at high current densities, the electrode could still deliver a high capacitance up to 236 F/g (13.35 A/g). Meanwhile, it exhibited excellent cycle lifetime with {approx}93% specific capacitance kept after 4000 cycles. These results suggest that as-made porous NiO NWAs electrode is a promising candidate for future thin-film supercapacitors and other microelectronic systems. -- Graphical abstract: Porous NiO nanowall arrays (NWAs) grown on alloy substrate have been made using nullaginite as precursor and studied as supercapacitor electrodes. Porous nanowalls interconnected with each other resulting in the formation of extended-network architectures and exhibited excellent capacitor properties. NiO NWAs electrode delivered a capacitance of 270 F/g (0.67 A/g); even at high current density, the electrode could still deliver a high capacitance up to 236 F/g (13.35 A/g). Besides, it exhibited excellent cycle lifetime with {approx}93% capacitance kept after 4000 cycles. These remarkable results made it possible for mass production of NiO NWAs and future thin-film microelectronic applications. Display Omitted Research highlights: {yields} Large-scale nullaginite (Ni{sub 2}(OH){sub 2}CO{sub 3}) nanowall arrays (NWAs) have been synthesized on flexible alloy substrate by a facile hydrothermal method. {yields} Ultrasonication test has been conducted to demonstrate the robust mechanical adhesion between NWAs and substrate. {yields} As supercapacitor electrodes porous NiO NWAs obtained by a post-calcination towards Ni{sub 2}(OH){sub 2}CO{sub 3} precursors have exhibited excellent electrochemical properties.

Zhu, Jianhui; Jiang, Jian; Liu, Jingping; Ding, Ruimin; Ding, Hao; Feng, Yamin; Wei, Guangming [Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Department of Physics, Huazhong Normal University, 430079 Wu Han (China); Huang, Xintang, E-mail: xthuang@phy.ccnu.edu.c [Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Department of Physics, Huazhong Normal University, 430079 Wu Han (China)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

Classic Nintendo Games are (NP-)Hard Greg Aloupis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Classic Nintendo Games are (NP-)Hard Greg Aloupis Erik D. Demaine Alan Guo March 9, 2012 Abstract We prove NP-hardness results for five of Nintendo's largest video game franchises: Mario, Donkey Kong of Zelda, Metroid, and Pok´emon--and prove that it is NP- hard to play generalized versions of many games

Demaine, Erik

146

SUSPENSION VIBRATION COMPENSATION USING A MEMS MICROACTUATOR IN HARD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUSPENSION VIBRATION COMPENSATION USING A MEMS MICROACTUATOR IN HARD DISK DRIVES Tsung-Lin Chen density and spindle rotation speed in hard disk drives, airflow excited suspension vibration (windage with the MA (Li and Horowitz, 2001a). Several MA designs have been proposed for dual- stage actuation in hard

Horowitz, Roberto

147

Using Hard Disks For Digital Preservation David S. H. Rosenthal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Hard Disks For Digital Preservation David S. H. Rosenthal Stanford University Libraries the hard disk holding the copy used for access as a preser- vation medium; the cooperative damage detection system as an example of the techniques needed to use hard disks as a medium for long- term preservation

Baker, Mary G.

148

Young modulus dependence of nanoscopic friction coefficient in hard coatings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with miniature moving parts, such as micro- electromechanical systems and hard-disk drives.1,2 A betterYoung modulus dependence of nanoscopic friction coefficient in hard coatings Elisa Riedoa with varying hardness obtained by different growth temperatures. For the CrN films, we show that the changes

Brune, Harald

149

Phase Contrast Microscopy with Soft and Hard X-rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Calibration ­ Uses up part of dynamic range · Solution: ­ Soft x-rays: Back side Illumination ­ Hard xPhase Contrast Microscopy with Soft and Hard X-rays Using a Segmented Detector Benjamin Hornberger ­ Phase Contrast 101 · A Segmented Detector for Hard X-ray Microprobes ­ Segmented Silicon Chip ­ Charge

Homes, Christopher C.

150

Design of Hard Water Stable Emulsifier Systems for Petroleum-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design of Hard Water Stable Emulsifier Systems for Petroleum- and Bio-based Semi for petroleum and bio-based MWFs that improve fluid lifetime by providing emulsion stability under hard water provide improved hard water stability for both mineral oil- and vegetable oil-based formulations, even

Clarens, Andres

151

Li batteries with porous sol-gel cathodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure presented is a high-capacity micro battery, lithium based, consisting of porous cathode, solid electrolyte and silver anode. A spinel LiNi"0"."4La"0"."1Mn"1"."5O"4 sol-gel layer was deposited on a porous ceramic substrate to give high specific ... Keywords: Layer oxides, Li ion batteries, Porous cathode, Sol-gel

Antonela Dima; Francesco Della Corte; Maurizio Casalino; Ivo Rendina

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

PDC Bit Testing at Sandia Reveals Influence of Chatter in Hard-Rock Drilling  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) bits have yet to be routinely applied to drilling the hard-rock formations characteristic of geothermal reservoirs. Most geothermal production wells are currently drilled with tungsten-carbide-insert roller-cone bits. PDC bits have significantly improved penetration rates and bit life beyond roller-cone bits in the oil and gas industry where soft to medium-hard rock types are encountered. If PDC bits could be used to double current penetration rates in hard rock geothermal well-drilling costs could be reduced by 15 percent or more. PDC bits exhibit reasonable life in hard-rock wear testing using the relatively rigid setups typical of laboratory testing. Unfortunately, field experience indicates otherwise. The prevailing mode of failure encountered by PDC bits returning from hard-rock formations in the field is catastrophic, presumably due to impact loading. These failures usually occur in advance of any appreciable wear that might dictate cutter replacement. Self-induced bit vibration, or ''chatter'', is one of the mechanisms that may be responsible for impact damage to PDC cutters in hard-rock drilling. Chatter is more severe in hard-rock formations since they induce significant dynamic loading on the cutter elements. Chatter is a phenomenon whereby the drillstring becomes dynamically unstable and excessive sustained vibrations occur. Unlike forced vibration, the force (i.e., weight on bit) that drives self-induced vibration is coupled with the response it produces. Many of the chatter principles derived in the machine tool industry are applicable to drilling. It is a simple matter to make changes to a machine tool to study the chatter phenomenon. This is not the case with drilling. Chatter occurs in field drilling due to the flexibility of the drillstring. Hence, laboratory setups must be made compliant to observe chatter.

RAYMOND,DAVID W.

1999-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

153

A7: Adaptive Porous Materials for Gas Storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The presentation will report the synthesis of alternative porous materials, ... A14: Study on the Combustion Characteristics and Kinetics of Pulverized Coal in ...

154

High Co2 Emissions Through Porous Media- Transport Mechanisms...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon High Co2 Emissions Through Porous Media- Transport Mechanisms And Implications For Flux Measurement And Fractionation Jump...

155

Ice-templated Porous Ceramic Structures for Energy Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have studied the ice-templating method for filters and battery electrode applications with the hierarchical pore structure. The porous Si structure was ...

156

Towards improved methods for determining porous media multiphase flow functions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The mathematical modeling and simulation of the flow of fluid through porous media are important in many areas. Relative permeability and capillary pressure functions are… (more)

Xue, Song

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Modeling multiphase flow in porous medium systems at multiple scales.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Problems involving multiphase flow and transport in porous media arise in a number of scientific and engineering applications including oil reservoir engineering and groundwater remediation.… (more)

Li, Huina.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

013 Characterization of the Sintered Porous Zirconia Dissolves the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Porous zirconia was synthesized in order to overcome this problem. To avoid .... 166 Multi-Phase-Field Simulation in a Low Carbon Steel for Continuous Cooling  ...

159

Human Liver Cell Culturing in Porous Hydroxyapatite/Hydrogel ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effect of Cold Work and Aging on a Cobalt-Nickel Based Multiphase Alloy ... Freeze-Cast Preparation of Porous Bioceramics with Controlled Silver Release.

160

Fabrication of Highly Porous Alumina Prepared by Gelation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Author(s), Manabu Fukushima, Sakae Tsuda, Yu-ichi Yoshizawa. On-Site Speaker (Planned), Manabu Fukushima. Abstract Scope, Macro-porous alumina

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Flow-Assisted Flame Propagation Through a Porous Combustible in Microgravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P.J. Pagni and T.G. Peterson, “Flame Spread Through PorousT. Niioka, ”Flow-Assisted Flame Propagation Through a PorousMarch 2002 Flow-Assisted Flame Propagation Through a Porous

Bar-Ilan, Amnon; Rich, David B; Rein, Guillermo; Fernandez-Pello, Carlos; Hanai, H.; Niioka, T.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Theoretical Studies of Non-Newtonian and Newtonian Fluid Flow through Porous Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Multicomponent, Multiphase Displacement in Porous Media,"C. M. (1981) : Multiphase Flow in Porous Media, Technip,porous media can always be considered as a special case of the multiphase

Wu, Y.S.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Non-darcy flow behavior mean high-flux injection wells in porous and fractured formations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase and Multiphase Non-Darcy Flow in Porous and FracturedFormulation A multiphase system in a porous or fracturedand multiphase non-Darcy flow in multidimensional porous and

Wu, Yu-Shu

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Troubleshooting: NP-hardness and solution methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Troubleshooting is one of the areas where Bayesian Networks are successfully applied [8]. In the present paper we show that the generally de ned troubleshooting task is NP-hard. Heuristic algorithms that find an optimal solution are described. A new method approximating the optimal solution within polynomial time is proposed. Approximations obtained through two different methods are compared with the optimal solutions. The comparisons are performed on models for troubleshooting of laser printers. We observed that the suboptimal solutions provided by the polynomial methods were not far from the optimal ones.

Marta Vomlelov; Jirí Vomlel

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

A new local concept of chemical potential and chemical hardness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The definition of local hardness by the derivative of the chemical potential with respect to the electron density has raised several questions, and its applicability as the local counterpart of chemical hardness has proved to be limited to (globally) hard molecules. Here, we propose that instead of defining a local hardness from the chemical potential in the above way, first a local chemical potential should be defined from the ground-state energy by its derivative with respect to the electron density, from which then the corresponding local hardness can be gained just as the hardness is obtained from the chemical potential - namely, by a simple differentiation with respect to the electron number. In this way, one does not neglect potentially important terms in the local hardness expression.

Gal, Tamas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Characterizing unsaturated diffusion in porous tuff gravel  

SciTech Connect

Evaluation of solute diffusion in unsaturated porous gravel is very important for investigations of contaminant transport and remediation, risk assessment, and waste disposal (for example, the potential high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada). For a porous aggregate medium such as granular tuff, the total water content is comprised of surface water and interior water. The surface water component (water film around grains and pendular water between the grain contacts) could serve as a predominant diffusion pathway. To investigate the extent to which surface water films and contact points affect solute diffusion in unsaturated gravel, we examined the configuration of water using x-ray computed tomography in partially saturated gravel, and made quantitative measurements of diffusion at multiple water contents using two different techniques. In the first, diffusion coefficients of potassium chloride in 2-4 mm granular tuff at multiple water contents were calculated from electrical conductivity measurements using the Nernst-Einstein equation. In the second, we used laser ablation with inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry to perform micro-scale mapping, allowing the measurement of diffusion coefficients for a mixture of chemical tracers for tuff cubes and tetrahedrons having two contact geometries (cube-cube and cube-tetrahedron). The x-ray computed tomography images show limited contact between grains, and this could hinder the pathways for diffusive transport. Experimental results show the critical role of surface water in controlling transport pathways and hence the magnitude of diffusion. Even with a bulk volumetric water content of 1.5%, the measured solute diffusion coefficient is as low as 1.5 x 10{sup -14} m{sup 2}/s for tuff gravel. Currently used diffusion models relating diffusion coefficients to total volumetric water content inadequately describe unsaturated diffusion behavior in porous gravel at very low water contents.

Hu, Qinhong; Kneafsey, Timothy J.; Roberts, Jeffery J.; Tomutsa, Liviu; Wang, Joseph, S.Y.

2003-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

167

A Physically Based Approach for Modeling Multiphase Fracture-Matrix Interaction in Fractured Porous Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modeling fluid and heat flow in fractured porous media, Soc.flow through unsaturated fractured porous media, Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Dynamics of Fluids

Wu, Yu-Shu; Pan, Lehua; Pruess, Karsten

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

A Physically Based Approach for Modeling Multiphase Fracture-Matrix Interaction in Fractured Porous Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in modeling multiphase flow in porous and fractured media,multiphase tracer transport in heterogeneous fractured porousof multiphase flow through fractured or porous media.

Wu, Yu-Shu; Pan, Lehua; Pruess, Karsten

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

High-throughput Characterization of Porous Materials Using Graphics Processing Units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A.E. ; Purcell, T. Computer Graphics Forum 2007, 26(1), 80-of Porous Materials Using Graphics Processing Units Jihanof Porous Materials Using Graphics Processing Units Jihan

Kim, Jihan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Electrode With Porous Three-Dimensional Support  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electrode including a paste containing particles of electrochemically active material and a conductive support consisting of a three-dimensional porous material comprising strands delimiting contiguous pores communicating via passages, characterized in that the average width L in .mu.m of said passages is related to the average diameter .O slashed. in .mu.m of said particles by the following equation, in which W and Y are dimensionless coefficients: wherein W=0.16 Y=1.69 X=202.4 .mu.m and Z=80 .mu.m

Bernard, Patrick (Massy, FR); Dauchier, Jean-Michel (Martignas, FR); Simonneau, Olivier (Dourdan, FR)

1999-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

171

A rigid porous filter and filtration method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention involves a porous rigid filter comprising a plurality of concentric filtration elements having internal flow passages and forming external flow passages there between. The present invention also involves a pressure vessel containing the filter for the removal of particulate from high pressure particulate containing gases, and further involves a method for using the filter to remove such particulate. The present filter has the advantage of requiring fewer filter elements due to the high surface area- to-volume ratio provided by the filter, requires a reduced pressure vessel size, and exhibits enhanced mechanical design properties, improved cleaning properties, configuration options, modularity and ease of fabrication.

Chiang, Ta-Kuan; Straub, Douglas, Straub L.; Dennis, Richard A.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Lithium intercalation in porous carbon anodes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Carbon foams derived from the phase separation of polyacrylonitrile/solvent mixtures were investigated as lithium intercalation anodes for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. The carbon foams have a bulk density of 0.35--0.5 g/cm{sup 3}, low surface area (< 50 m{sup 2}/g), and an average cell size of 5--10 {mu}m. Polyacrylonitrile-based carbon foams doped with phosphoric acid had capacity as high as 450 mAh/g. Carbon capacity increased with increasing phosphoric acid concentration in the doping solution. The doped porous carbon anodes exhibited good cyclability and excellent coulombic efficiency.

Tran, T.D.; Pekala, R.W. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States). Chemistry and Materials Science Dept.; Mayer, S.T. [Polystor Corp., Livermore, CA (United States)

1994-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

173

Economic Impact of the CommercialEconomic Impact of the CommercialEconomic Impact of the Commercial Hard Clam Culture IndustryHard Clam Culture IndustryHard Clam Culture Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hard Clam Culture IndustryHard Clam Culture IndustryHard Clam Culture Industry on the Economy;2 Introduction Commercially cultured hard clams have become the single most economically important food item sales of cultured hard clams have equaled or exceeded the growth realized by the more established

Florida, University of

174

A viscoelastic representation of wave attenuation in porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theories developed by White and co-workers describe the complex moduli of a medium partially saturated with spherical gas pockets and those of stratified layers composed of two heterogeneous porous media. A generalization to gas patches of arbitrary ... Keywords: Mesoscopic loss, Porous media, Wave attenuation, Zener model

Stefano Picotti; José M. Carcione; J. Germán Rubino; Juan E. Santos; Fabio Cavallini

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Tritium labeling of organic compounds deposited on porous structures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved process for labeling organic compounds with tritium is carried out by depositing the selected compound on the extensive surface of a porous structure such as a membrane filter and exposing the membrane containing the compound to tritium gas activated by the microwave discharge technique. The labeled compound is then recovered from the porous structure.

Ehrenkaufer, Richard L. E. (Speonk, NY); Wolf, Alfred P. (Setauket, NY); Hembree, Wylie C. (Woodcliff Lake, NJ)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Combustion fronts in porous media with two layers Steve Schecter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combustion fronts in porous media with two layers layer 1 layer 2 Steve Schecter North Carolina Subject: Propagation of a combustion front through a porous medium with two parallel layers having different properties. · Each layer admits a traveling combustion wave. · The layers are coupled by heat

Schecter, Stephen

177

Nitrogen modification of highly porous carbon for improved supercapacitor performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nitrogen modification of highly porous carbon for improved supercapacitor performance Stephanie L for supercapacitor applications. Surface modification increases the amount of nitrogen by four times when compared elements in highly porous carbon used for electric double-layer supercapacitors.1 These elements modify

Cao, Guozhong

178

Microwave impregnation of porous materials with thermal energy storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for impregnating a porous, non-metallic construction material with a solid phase-change material is described. The phase-change material in finely divided form is spread onto the surface of the porous material, after which the porous material is exposed to microwave energy for a time sufficient to melt the phase-change material. The melted material is spontaneously absorbed into the pores of the porous material. A sealing chemical may also be included with the phase-change material (or applied subsequent tc the phase-change material) to seal the surface of the porous material. Fire retardant chemicals may also be included with the phase-change materials. The treated construction materials are better able to absorb thermal energy and exhibit increased heat storage capacity.

Benson, D.K.; Burrows, R.W.

1991-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

179

Microwave impregnation of porous materials with thermal energy storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for impregnating a porous, non-metallic construction material with a solid phase-change material is described. The phase-change material in finely divided form is spread onto the surface of the porous material, after which the porous material is exposed to microwave energy for a time sufficient to melt the phase-change material. The melted material is spontaneously absorbed into the pores of the porous material. A sealing chemical may also be included with the phase-change material (or applied subsequent to the phase-change material) to seal the surface of the porous material. Fire retardant chemicals may also be included with the phase-change materials. The treated construction materials are better able to absorb thermal energy and exhibit increased heat storage capacity.

Benson, D.K.; Burrows, R.W.

1993-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

180

Microwave impregnation of porous materials with thermal energy storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for impregnating a porous, non-metallic construction material with a solid phase-change material is described. The phase-change material in finely divided form is spread onto the surface of the porous material, after which the porous material is exposed to microwave energy for a time sufficient to melt the phase-change material. The melted material is spontaneously absorbed into the pores of the porous material. A sealing chemical may also be included with the phase-change material (or applied subsequent to the phase-change material) to seal the surface of the porous material. Fire retardant chemicals may also be included with the phase-change materials. The treated construction materials are better able to absorb thermal energy and exhibit increased heat storage capacity.

Benson, D.K.; Burrows, R.W.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Microwave impregnation of porous materials with thermal energy storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for impregnating a porous, non-metallic construction material with a solid phase-change material is described. The phase-change material in finely divided form is spread onto the surface of the porous material, after which the porous material is exposed to microwave energy for a time sufficient to melt the phase-change material. The melted material is spontaneously absorbed into the pores of the porous material. A sealing chemical may also be included with the phase-change material (or applied subsequent to the phase-change material) to seal the surface of the porous material. Fire retardant chemicals may also be included with the phase-change materials. The treated construction materials are better able to absorb thermal energy and exhibit increased heat storage capacity.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Burrows, Richard W. (Conifer, CO)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Heat exchangers comprising at least one porous member positioned within a casing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A heat exchanger and associated methods for sublimating solid particles therein, for conveying fluids therethrough, or both. The heat exchanger includes a chamber, and a porous member having a porous wall having pores in communication with the chamber and an interior of the porous member. A first fluid is conveyed into the porous member while a second fluid is conveyed into the porous member through the porous wall. The second fluid may form a positive flow boundary layer along the porous wall to reduce or eliminate substantial contact between the first fluid and the interior of the porous wall. The combined first and second fluids are conveyed out of the porous member. Additionally, the first fluid and the second fluid may each be conveyed into the porous member at different temperatures and may exit the porous member at substantially the same temperature.

Turner, Terry D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Wilding, Bruce M (Idaho Falls, ID)

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

183

Fluid Flow Within Fractured Porous Media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fractures provide preferential flow paths to subterranean fluid flows. In reservoir scale modeling of geologic flows fractures must be approximated by fairly simple formulations. Often this is accomplished by assuming fractures are parallel plates subjected to an applied pressure gradient. This is known as the cubic law. An induced fracture in Berea sandstone has been digitized to perform numerical flow simulations. A commercially available computational fluid dynamics software package has been used to solve the flow through this model. Single phase flows have been compared to experimental works in the literature to evaluate the accuracy with which this model can be applied. Common methods of fracture geometry classification are also calculated and compared to experimentally obtained values. Flow through regions of the fracture where the upper and lower fracture walls meet (zero aperture) are shown to induce a strong channeling effect on the flow. This model is expanded to include a domain of surrounding porous media through which the flow can travel. The inclusion of a realistic permeability in this media shows that the regions of small and zero apertures contribute to the greatest pressure losses over the fracture length and flow through the porous media is most prevalent in these regions. The flow through the fracture is shown to be the largest contributor to the net flow through the media. From this work, a novel flow relationship is proposed for flow through fractured media.

Crandall, D.M.; Ahmadi, G. (Clarkson Univ., Potsdam, NY); Smith, D.H.; Bromhal, G.S.

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Nanomechanics of hard films on compliant substrates.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Development of flexible thin film systems for biomedical, homeland security and environmental sensing applications has increased dramatically in recent years [1,2,3,4]. These systems typically combine traditional semiconductor technology with new flexible substrates, allowing for both the high electron mobility of semiconductors and the flexibility of polymers. The devices have the ability to be easily integrated into components and show promise for advanced design concepts, ranging from innovative microelectronics to MEMS and NEMS devices. These devices often contain layers of thin polymer, ceramic and metallic films where differing properties can lead to large residual stresses [5]. As long as the films remain substrate-bonded, they may deform far beyond their freestanding counterpart. Once debonded, substrate constraint disappears leading to film failure where compressive stresses can lead to wrinkling, delamination, and buckling [6,7,8] while tensile stresses can lead to film fracture and decohesion [9,10,11]. In all cases, performance depends on film adhesion. Experimentally it is difficult to measure adhesion. It is often studied using tape [12], pull off [13,14,15], and peel tests [16,17]. More recent techniques for measuring adhesion include scratch testing [18,19,20,21], four point bending [22,23,24], indentation [25,26,27], spontaneous blisters [28,29] and stressed overlayers [7,26,30,31,32,33]. Nevertheless, sample design and test techniques must be tailored for each system. There is a large body of elastic thin film fracture and elastic contact mechanics solutions for elastic films on rigid substrates in the published literature [5,7,34,35,36]. More recent work has extended these solutions to films on compliant substrates and show that increasing compliance markedly changes fracture energies compared with rigid elastic solution results [37,38]. However, the introduction of inelastic substrate response significantly complicates the problem [10,39,40]. As a result, our understanding of the critical relationship between adhesion, properties, and fracture for hard films on compliant substrates is limited. To address this issue, we integrated nanomechanical testing and mechanics-based modeling in a program to define the critical relationship between deformation and fracture of nanoscale films on compliant substrates. The approach involved designing model film systems and employing nano-scale experimental characterization techniques to isolate effects of compliance, viscoelasticity, and plasticity on deformation and fracture of thin hard films on substrates that spanned more than two orders of compliance magnitude exhibit different interface structures, have different adhesion strengths, and function differently under stress. The results of this work are described in six chapters. Chapter 1 provides the motivation for this work. Chapter 2 presents experimental results covering film system design, sample preparation, indentation response, and fracture including discussion on the effects of substrate compliance on fracture energies and buckle formation from existing models. Chapter 3 describes the use of analytical and finite element simulations to define the role of substrate compliance and film geometry on the indentation response of thin hard films on compliant substrates. Chapter 4 describes the development and application of cohesive zone model based finite element simulations to determine how substrate compliance affects debond growth. Chapter 5 describes the use of molecular dynamics simulations to define the effects of substrate compliance on interfacial fracture of thin hard tungsten films on silicon substrates. Chapter 6 describes the Workshops sponsored through this program to advance understanding of material and system behavior.

Reedy, Earl David, Jr. (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Emerson, John Allen (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Bahr, David F. (Washington State University, Pullman, WA); Moody, Neville Reid; Zhou, Xiao Wang; Hales, Lucas (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN); Adams, David Price (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Yeager,John (Washington State University, Pullman, WA); Nyugen, Thao D. (Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD); Corona, Edmundo (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Kennedy, Marian S. (Clemson University, Clemson, SC); Cordill, Megan J. (Erich Schmid Institute, Leoben, Austria)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Shock compression synthesis of hard materials  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this research was to adapt the high explosives technology that was developed in conjunction with nuclear weapons programs to subjecting materials to ultra-high pressures and to explore the utility of this technique for the synthesis of hard materials. The research was conducted in collaboration with researchers at the University of Texas, Texas Tech University and Pantex (Mason and Hanger Corp.). The group designed, modeled, built, and tested a new device that allows quantitative recovery of grams of material that have been subjected to unprecedented pressures. The modeling work was done at Texas Tech and Pantex. The metal parts and material samples were made at the University of Texas, and Pantex machined the explosives, assembled the devices and conducted the detonations. Sample characterization was carried out at the University of Texas and Texas Tech.

Willson, C.G. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Chemistry

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

TABL Longer Hard Hat description-Sept 26.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hat Use and Inspection Hat Use and Inspection Hard hats are an important piece of personal protective equipment (PPE). Hard hats worn at Berkeley Lab must comply with the requirements of ANSI Z89.1 for impact protection and electrical performance. PPE can only be effective if it is used properly and the wearer understands its limitations, care, and maintenance. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.132 requires that PPE be maintained in a sanitary and reliable condition. Defective or damaged equipment should never be used. To inspect PPE, emp loyees should follow manufacturer's recommendations for specific inspection procedures. Hard Hat Inspection - Bullard Hard Hats Bullard 3000 hard hats are available at LBL Central Stores, located in B78. Bullard User Information provides detailed inspection procedures for all Bullard hard hats.

187

Next-to-next-to-next-to-leading-order soft-gluon corrections in hard-scattering processes near threshold  

SciTech Connect

I present a unified calculation of soft-gluon corrections to hard-scattering cross sections through next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order (NNNLO). Master formulas are derived, from a threshold resummation formalism, that can be applied to total and differential cross sections for hard-scattering processes in hadron colliders. I also present numerical results for charged Higgs production at the LHC where these corrections are large, and for top quark production at the Tevatron where these corrections greatly reduce the scale dependence of the cross section.

Kidonakis, Nikolaos [Kennesaw State University, Physics 1202 1000 Chastain Road, Kennesaw, Georgia 30144-5591 (United States)

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

March 21, 1997 Ergodicity of Hard Spheres in a Box  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

March 21, 1997 Ergodicity of Hard Spheres in a Box N'andor Sim'anyi 1 Bolyai Institute of J@math.u­szeged.hu Abstract. We prove that the system of two hard balls in a �­dimensional (� � 2) rectangular box is ergodic consider the billiard system of two hard balls with unit mass and radius r (0 ! r ! 1=4) moving uniformly

189

Hard Spring Wheat Variety Descriptions Resistance To2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Hard Spring Wheat Variety Descriptions Resistance To2 Quality Factors Straw Stem Leaf Foliar Head; S =susceptible; VS =very susceptible; NA = data not available. #12;2 Hard White Spring Wheat Descriptions HWS 36.6 35.7 58.4 15.0 14.7 Kanata HWS 35.5 35.5 60.0 15.9 15.6 LSD 5% -- 3.2 -- 1.4 0.8 -- HWS-Hard

Dyer, Bill

190

Radiation Hard AlGaN Detectors and Imager  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiation hardness of AlGaN photodiodes was tested using a 65 MeV proton beam with a total proton fluence of 3x10{sup 12} protons/cm{sup 2}. AlGaN Deep UV Photodiode have extremely high radiation hardness. These new devices have mission critical applications in high energy density physics (HEDP) and space explorations. These new devices satisfy radiation hardness requirements by NIF. NSTec is developing next generation AlGaN optoelectronics and imagers.

None

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Effect of Varying Aluminum and Columbium Content on Hardness ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Underagi ng as compared to overaging appears to improve tensile ductility for similar strength and hardness but is sensitive to minor variations in composition.

192

The Effect of Circulating Coal Slurry Water Hardness on Coal ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to investigate the effect of gypsum on flotation and coal slurry settling during coal slurry recirculation, the water hardness and proton conductivity of coal ...

193

Direct Imaging of Soft?Hard Interfaces Enabled by Graphene  

bates on a graphene sheet in a conventional TEM.14 As demonstrated here, the TEM imaging of molecular layers and interfaces between hard and soft materials can be

194

The biotechnology of hard coal utilization as a bioprocess substrate.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The development of coal biotechnology, using hard coal as a substrate, has been impeded by its low reactivity in biological processes. As a result, the… (more)

Mutambanengwe, Cecil Clifford Zvandada

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Kinetics, Transport, and Structure in Hard and Soft Materials - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 25, 2007 ... REVIEWED BY: Stephen Rankin, associate professor, University of Kentucky. In his book Kinetics, Transport, and Structure in Hard and Soft ...

196

Heat pipe effect in porous medium  

SciTech Connect

In this thesis a parametric study of the thermal and hydrologic characteristics of the fractured porous tuffs at Yucca Mountain, Nevada was conducted. The effects of different fracture and matrix properties including permeability, thermal conductivity, specific heat, porosity, and tortuosity on heat pipe performance in the vicinity of the waste package were observed. Computer simulations were carried out using TOUGH code on a Cray YMP-2 supercomputer. None of the fracture parameters affected the heat pipe performance except the mobility of the liquid in the fracture. Matrix permeability and thermal conductivity were found to have significant effect on the heat pipe performance. The effect of mass injection was studied for liquid water and air injected at the fracture boundary. A high rate of mass injection was required to produce any effect on the heat pipe. The fracture-matrix equilibrium is influenced by the matrix permeability and the matrix thermal conductivity.

Joseph, M.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Fabricating solid carbon porous electrodes from powders  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Fabrication of conductive solid porous carbon electrodes for use in batteries, double layer capacitors, fuel cells, capacitive dionization, and waste treatment. Electrodes fabricated from low surface area (<50 m.sup.2 /gm) graphite and cokes exhibit excellent reversible lithium intercalation characteristics, making them ideal for use as anodes in high voltage lithium insertion (lithium-ion) batteries. Electrodes having a higher surface area, fabricated from powdered carbon blacks, such as carbon aerogel powder, carbon aerogel microspheres, activated carbons, etc. yield high conductivity carbon compositives with excellent double layer capacity, and can be used in double layer capacitors, or for capacitive deionization and/or waste treatment of liquid streams. By adding metallic catalysts to be high surface area carbons, fuel cell electrodes can be produced.

Kaschmitter, James L. (Pleasanton, CA); Tran, Tri D. (Livermore, CA); Feikert, John H. (Livermore, CA); Mayer, Steven T. (San Leandro, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Fabricating solid carbon porous electrodes from powders  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Fabrication is described for conductive solid porous carbon electrodes for use in batteries, double layer capacitors, fuel cells, capacitive deionization, and waste treatment. Electrodes fabricated from low surface area (<50 m{sup 2}/gm) graphite and cokes exhibit excellent reversible lithium intercalation characteristics, making them ideal for use as anodes in high voltage lithium insertion (lithium-ion) batteries. Electrodes having a higher surface area, fabricated from powdered carbon blacks, such as carbon aerogel powder, carbon aerogel microspheres, activated carbons, etc. yield high conductivity carbon composites with excellent double layer capacity, and can be used in double layer capacitors, or for capacitive deionization and/or waste treatment of liquid streams. By adding metallic catalysts to high surface area carbons, fuel cell electrodes can be produced. 1 fig.

Kaschmitter, J.L.; Tran, T.D.; Feikert, J.H.; Mayer, S.T.

1997-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

199

Synthesis and Characterization of Porous Metal Phosphonates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation focuses on the challenge of developing porous metal arylphosphonates with both high crystallinity and functional porosity by using different synthetic approaches. Metal phosphonates are an extensive class of materials based upon extended inorganic-organic architectures such as chains, layers and three-dimensional networks. Metal phosphonates generally favor extended inorganic architectures leading to pillared materials with no porosity. We found that the use of template molecules, type of ligand and choice of metal ions could be used to deviate from the pillared structure. Many of these structures had interesting properties that were explored. The results can be divided into three areas: We developed non-pillared monovalent metal phosphonates by investigating both the role of water and template molecules in the solvothermal synthesis. The role of water in solvothermal reactions was found to have a profound influence on the structure of monovalent metal phosphonates and the structures could be tailored from zero/one-dimensional to two-dimensional. Non-pillared structures could be synthesized by using template molecules. For a zinc phosphonate, we converted a layered structure into a three-dimensional framework by using small template molecules in the solvothermal reaction. The compound exhibited reversible dehydration behavior. The change in the framework structure and guest positions was monitored during this process. Two different ligands were used in the development of porous aluminum phosphonates. One series exhibited reversible dehydration behavior, which had a dramatic influence on permanent porosity of the material. The stability of the dehydrated phase is a result of the geometry of the aluminum atom, which in some cases has coordinatively unsaturated metal sites. The second series was developed with ion exchange applications in mind therefore the pore environment was tailored to favor ion exchange processes. The most important aspect is that these compounds exhibit high selectivity for Th^(4+) ions. In total 28 new compounds were prepared, and their utility and structures clarified.

Kinnibrugh, Tiffany Lewis

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Hard X-ray Variability of AGN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aims: Active Galactic Nuclei are known to be variable throughout the electromagnetic spectrum. An energy domain poorly studied in this respect is the hard X-ray range above 20 keV. Methods: The first 9 months of the Swift/BAT all-sky survey are used to study the 14 - 195 keV variability of the 44 brightest AGN. The sources have been selected due to their detection significance of >10 sigma. We tested the variability using a maximum likelihood estimator and by analysing the structure function. Results: Probing different time scales, it appears that the absorbed AGN are more variable than the unabsorbed ones. The same applies for the comparison of Seyfert 2 and Seyfert 1 objects. As expected the blazars show stronger variability. 15% of the non-blazar AGN show variability of >20% compared to the average flux on time scales of 20 days, and 30% show at least 10% flux variation. All the non-blazar AGN which show strong variability are low-luminosity objects with L(14-195 keV) < 1E44 erg/sec. Conclusions: Concerning the variability pattern, there is a tendency of unabsorbed or type 1 galaxies being less variable than the absorbed or type 2 objects at hardest X-rays. A more solid anti-correlation is found between variability and luminosity, which has been previously observed in soft X-rays, in the UV, and in the optical domain.

V. Beckmann; S. D. Barthelmy; T. J. -L. Courvoisier; N. Gehrels; S. Soldi; J. Tueller; G. Wendt

2007-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Proving Hard-Core Predicates Using List Decoding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce a unifying framework for proving that predicate P is hard-core for a one-way function f, and apply it to a broad family of functions and predicates, reproving old results in an entirely different way as well as showing new hard-core predicates ...

Adi Akavia; Shafi Goldwasser; Samuel Safra

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Hard X-ray Phase Contrast -Techniques and Applications -  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hard X-ray Phase Contrast Microscopy - Techniques and Applications - A Dissertation Presented of the Graduate School ii #12;Abstract of the Dissertation Hard X-ray Phase Contrast Microscopy - Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 3.2.4 Reconstruction Example for Integration Method . . . . 59 3.2.5 The Imaginary Part

203

Computer Hard Drive Geolocation by HTTP Feature Extraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

files of a set of computers acquired in China, part of a larger research data set of real user data [10Computer Hard Drive Geolocation by HTTP Feature Extraction Technical Report UCSC-SSRC-12-04 May://www.ssrc.ucsc.edu/ #12;Computer Hard Drive Geolocation by HTTP Feature Extraction Ziqian Wan Sichuan University Alex J

Miller, Ethan L.

204

Solving "Hard" Satisfiability Problems Using GridSAT Wahid Chrabakh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solving "Hard" Satisfiability Problems Using GridSAT Wahid Chrabakh and Rich Wolski Department a set of "hard" and previously unsolved set of satisfiability prob- lems. We enhance the GridSAT solver. Solving such challenging problems and enabling new scientific results is an integral part of the grid

Mitchell, David G.

205

Automated Configuration of Algorithms for Solving Hard Computational Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automated Configuration of Algorithms for Solving Hard Computational Problems by Frank Hutter Dipl-performing algorithms for many hard problems are highly parameterized. Selecting the best heuristics and tuning studies the automation of this important part of algorithm design: the configuration of discrete algorithm

Hutter, Frank

206

Comparison of Three Ni-Hard I Alloys  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Comparison of Three Ni-Hard I Alloys Comparison of Three Ni-Hard I Alloys Ö. N. Do-an 1 , J.A. Hawk 1 , and J.Rice 2 1 U.S. Department of Energy, Albany Research Center, Albany, Oregon 2 Texaloy Foundry Co., Inc., Floresville, Texas Keywords: Ni-Hard white irons, Bainite, Martensite, Austenite, Abrasion resistant iron Abstract This report documents the results of an investigation which was undertaken to reveal the similarities and differences in the mechanical properties and microstructural characteristics of three Ni-Hard I alloys. One alloy (B1) is ASTM A532 class IA Ni-Hard containing 4.2 wt. pct. Ni. The second alloy (B2) is similar to B1 but higher in Cr, Si, and Mo. The third alloy (T1) also falls in the same ASTM specification, but it contains 3.3 wt. pct. Ni. The alloys were evaluated in both as-cast and

207

Photon Sciences | Beamlines | HXN: Hard X-ray Nanoprobe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HXN: Hard X-ray Nanoprobe HXN: Hard X-ray Nanoprobe Poster | Fact Sheet | Preliminary Design Report Scientific Scope The Hard X-ray Nanoprobe beamline and endstation instruments (HXN) will be designed and constructed to explore new frontiers of hard x-ray microscopy applications with the highest achievable spatial resolution. Currently the available spatial resolution for scientific applications, provided by scanning x-ray microscopes in the hard x-ray regime, is limited to ~50nm, which is still insufficient for probing the nanoscale interfacial structures critical in determining properties and functionalities of material and biological systems. The HXN beamline aims to enable x-ray experiments at spatial resolutions ranging from 10 to 30 nm with an ultimate goal of ~1 nm. Beamline Description

208

Crystallizing hard-sphere glasses by doping with active particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crystallization and vitrification are two different routes to form a solid. Normally these two processes suppress each other, with the glass transition preventing crystallization at high density (or low temperature). This is even true for systems of colloidal hard spheres, which are commonly used as building blocks for fabricating photonic crystals [1-3]. Here, by performing Brownian dynamics simulations of glass systems consisting of mixtures of active and passive hard spheres, we show that the crystallization of such hard-sphere glasses can be dramatically promoted by doping the system with small amounts of active particles. Surprisingly, even hard-sphere glasses of packing fraction up to $\\phi = 0.635$ crystallize, which is around 0.5% below the random close packing ~ 0.64. Our results suggest a novel way of fabricating crystalline materials from (colloidal) glasses. This is particularly important for materials that get easily kinetically trapped in glassy states, and crystal nucleation hardly occurs.

Ran Ni; Martien A. Cohen Stuart; Marjolein Dijkstra; Peter G. Bolhuis

2013-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

209

Properties of vacuum arc deposited amorphous hard carbon films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Amorphous hard carbon films formed by vacuum arc deposition are hydrogen-free, dense, and very hard. The properties of amorphous hard carbon films depend strongly on the energy of the incident ions. A technique which is called Plasma Immersion Ion Implantation can be applied to vacuum arc deposition of amorphous hard carbon films to influence the ion energy. The authors have studied the influence of the ion energy on the elastic modulus determined by an ultrasonic method, and have measured the optical gap for films with the highest sp{sup 3} content they have obtained so far with this deposition technique. The results show an elastic modulus close to that of diamond, and an optical gap of 2.1 eV which is much greater than for amorphous hard carbon films deposited by other techniques.

Anders, S.; Anders, A.; Raoux, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Nonlinear dynamics of capacitive charging and desalination by porous electrodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rapid and efficient exchange of ions between porous electrodes and aqueous solutions is important in many applications, such as electrical energy storage by supercapacitors, water desalination and purification by ...

Bazant, Martin Z.

211

Simulation of filtration for suspension transport in porous media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the development and application of a novel method for analyzing the filtration of particles transported through a granular porous medium. The proposed analysis considers the deposition of particles ...

Kim, Yun Sung, 1974-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Comparison of porous and nonporous materials for methane storage  

SciTech Connect

Sublimed, low-density p-tert-buytlcalix(4)arene absorbs methane more readily at room temperature and 1 atm pressure than do either single wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT) or a comparaitive porous metal-organic framework (MOF-1).

Thallapally, Praveen K.; Kirby, Karen A.; Atwood, Jerry L.

2007-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

213

Non-equilibrium effects and multiphase flow in porous media.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??We encounter flow in porous media, knowingly or otherwise, on a daily basis; percolation of precipitation into top soil, ground-water supplies obtained from aquifers (ground-water… (more)

Aryana, Saman Afqahi.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Modeling of Porous Electrodes in Molten-Salt Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Porous Electrodes in Molten-Salt Systems^ John Newmanon High-Temperature Molten Salt B a t - teries, Argonneby the modeling of molten-salt cells, including some

Newman, John

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Standard and High Speed Atomic Force Microscopy of Porous ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Frontiers of Materials Science: Fundamentals of Porous ... insight into material performance due to the nanoscale topographic and/or property mapping ... Separately, for human tooth cross sections measured in liquid, a range of ...

216

Gasification and combustion modeling for porous char particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gasification and combustion of porous char particles occurs in many industrial applications. Reactor-scale outputs of importance depend critically on processes that occur at the particle-scale. Because char particles often ...

Singer, Simcha Lev

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Gas phase fractionation method using porous ceramic membrane  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Flaw-free porous ceramic membranes fabricated from metal sols and coated onto a porous support are advantageously used in gas phase fractionation methods. Mean pore diameters of less than 40 .ANG., preferably 5-20 .ANG. and most preferably about 15 .ANG., are permeable at lower pressures than existing membranes. Condensation of gases in small pores and non-Knudsen membrane transport mechanisms are employed to facilitate and increase membrane permeability and permselectivity.

Peterson, Reid A. (Madison, WI); Hill, Jr., Charles G. (Madison, WI); Anderson, Marc A. (Madison, WI)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Porous solid ion exchange wafer for immobilizing biomolecules  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A porous solid ion exchange wafer having a combination of a biomolecule capture-resin and an ion-exchange resin forming a charged capture resin within said wafer. Also disclosed is a porous solid ion exchange wafer having a combination of a biomolecule capture-resin and an ion-exchange resin forming a charged capture resin within said wafer containing a biomolecule with a tag. A separate bioreactor is also disclosed incorporating the wafer described above.

Arora, Michelle B. (Woodridge, IL); Hestekin, Jamie A. (Morton Grove, IL); Lin, YuPo J. (Naperville, IL); St. Martin, Edward J. (Libertyville, IL); Snyder, Seth W. (Lincolnwood, IL)

2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

219

High efficiency, radiation-hard solar cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The direct gap of the In{sub 1-x}Ga{sub x}N alloy system extends continuously from InN (0.7 eV, in the near IR) to GaN (3.4 eV, in the mid-ultraviolet). This opens the intriguing possibility of using this single ternary alloy system in single or multi-junction (MJ) solar cells of the type used for space-based surveillance satellites. To evaluate the suitability of In{sub 1-x}Ga{sub x}N as a material for space applications, high quality thin films were grown with molecular beam epitaxy and extensive damage testing with electron, proton, and alpha particle radiation was performed. Using the room temperature photoluminescence intensity as a indirect measure of minority carrier lifetime, it is shown that In{sub 1-x}Ga{sub x}N retains its optoelectronic properties at radiation damage doses at least 2 orders of magnitude higher than the damage thresholds of the materials (GaAs and GaInP) currently used in high efficiency MJ cells. This indicates that the In{sub 1-x}Ga{sub x}N is well-suited for the future development of ultra radiation-hard optoelectronics. Critical issues affecting development of solar cells using this material system were addressed. The presence of an electron-rich surface layer in InN and In{sub 1-x}Ga{sub x}N (0 < x < 0.63) was investigated; it was shown that this is a less significant effect at large x. Evidence of p-type activity below the surface in Mg-doped InN was obtained; this is a significant step toward achieving photovoltaic action and, ultimately, a solar cell using this material.

Ager III, J.W.; Walukiewicz, W.

2004-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

220

Converting hard copy documents for electronic dissemination  

SciTech Connect

Since the advent of computer systems, the goal of a paperless office, and even a paperless society, has been pursued. While the normal paper flow in an organization is far from totally automated, particularly for items requiring signatures or authorizations, electronic information dissemination is becoming an almost simple task. The reasons for providing on-line documents are many and include faster and easier access for everyone, elimination of printing costs, reduction of wasted shelf and desk space, and the security of having a centrally-located, always up-to-date document. New computer software even provides the user with the ability to annotate documents and to have bookmarks so that the old scribbled-in and dog-eared manual can be replaced without loosing this `customizability`. Moreover, new hypermedia capabilities mean that documents can be read in a non-linear fashion and can include color figures and photographs, audio, and even animation sequences, capabilities which exceed those of paper. The proliferation of network-based information servers, coupled with the growth of the Internet, has enticed academic, governmental, and even commercial organizations to provide increasing numbers of documents and data bases in electronic form via the network, not just to internal staff, but to the public as well. Much of this information, which includes everything from mundane company procedures to spiffy marketing brochures, was previously published only in hard copy. Converting existing documents to electronic form and producing only electronic versions of new documents poses some interesting challenges to the maintainer or author.

Hoffman, F.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Development of a radiation hard version of the Analog Pipeline Chip APC128  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Analog Pipeline Chip (APC) is a low noise, low power readout chip for silicon micro strip detectors with 128 channels containing an analog pipeline of 32 buffers depth. The chip has been designed for operation at HERA with a power dissipation of 300-400 muW per channel and has been used also in several other particle physics experiments. In this paper we describe the development of a radiation hard version of this chip that will be used in the H1 vertex detector for operation at the luminosity upgraded HERA machine. A 128 channel prototyping chip with several amplifier variations has been designed in the radiation hard DMILL technology and measured. The results of various parameter variations are presented in this paper. Based on this, the design choice for the final production version of the APC128-DMILL has been made.

Michael Hilgers; Roland Horisberger

2001-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

222

Reheating and Cosmic String Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the string production rate at the end of inflation, using the string spectrum obtained in \\lss in a near-de Sitter space. Our result shows that highly excited strings are hardly produced, thus the simple slow-roll inflation alone does not offer a cosmic string production mechanism.

Chao-Jun Feng; Xian Gao; Miao Li; Wei Song; Yushu Song

2007-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

223

OPEC 1991 results reflect hard times  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that low crude oil prices and economic tough times in industrial countries cause a lean 1991 for members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. OPEC's 1991 annual report the member countries reported an overall loss of $12 billion in 1991 on oil revenues that fell 16.2%. Iraq and Kuwait were not included because of their unusual circumstances in the wake of the Persian Gulf war. Reduced oil revenues reflected a slide to $18.66/bbl in 1991 from $22.26/bbl in 1990 for the average price of OPEC basket crudes. As of last June 5 OPEC's basket crude price has averaged only $17.42/bbl this year, OPEC News Agency (Opecna) reported. First quarter 1992 prices averaged $16.77/bbl, compared wit $19.31/bbl in fourth quarter 1991. The average price jumped 52 cent/bbl the first week in June this year to $19.93/bbl, bouyed by Saudi Arabia's move at the end of May to shift its policy from price moderation to one in favor of higher prices, Opecna the. OPEC members increased production 1% in 1991 to an average 23.28 million b/d in spite of negligible production from Iraq and Kuwait and reduced production from Qatar.

Not Available

1992-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

224

Hard thermal effective action in QCD through the thermal operator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Through the application of the thermal operator to the zero temperature retarded Green's functions, we derive in a simple way the well known hard thermal effective action in QCD. By relating these functions to forward scattering amplitudes for on-shell particles, this derivation also clarifies the origin of important properties of the hard thermal effective action, such as the manifest Lorentz and gauge invariance of its integrand.

Ashok Das; J. Frenkel

2007-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

225

Extremely long hard bursts observed by Konus-Wind  

SciTech Connect

We report the observations of the prompt emission of the extremely long hard burst, GRB 060814B, discovered by Konus-Wind and localized by the IPN. The observations reveal a smooth, hard, {approx}40-min long pulse followed by weaker emission seen several hours after the burst onset. We also present the Konus-Wind data on similar burst, GRB 971208, localized by BATSE/IPN. And finally we discuss the different possible origins of these unusual events.

Pal'shin, V.; Aptekar, R.; Frederiks, D.; Golenetskii, S.; Il'inskii, V.; Mazets, E.; Oleynik, P.; Ulanov, M. [Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, 194021 (Russian Federation); Yamaoka, K. [Department of Physics and Mathematics, Aoyama Gakuin University, 5-10-1, Fuchinobe, Sagamihara 229-8558 (Japan); Ohno, M. [Department of Physical Sciences, School of Science, Hiroshima University 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan); Hurley, K. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450 (United States); Sakamoto, T. [Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Mitrofanov, I. G.; Golovin, D.; Lirvak, M. L.; Sanin, A. B. [Institute for Space Research, Profsojuznaja 84/32, Moscow 117997 (Russian Federation); Boynton, W.; Fellows, C.; Harshman, K.; Shinohara, C. [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)] (and others)

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

226

Response to “Comments on Abrupt-Interface Solution for Carbon Dioxide Injection into Porous Media by Dentz and Tartakovsky (2008)” by Lu et al.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

continuum mechanics for multiphase porous-media ?ow includ-Brenner, H. : Multiphase ?ow in porous media. Ann. Rev.

Dentz, Marco; Tartakovsky, Daniel M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Photon bremsstrahlung and diffusive broadening of a hard jet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The photon bremsstrahlung rate from a quark jet produced in deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) off a large nucleus is studied in the collinear limit. The leading medium-enhanced higher twist corrections that describe the multiple scattering of the jet in the nucleus are re-summed to all orders of twist. The propagation of the jet in the absence of further radiative energy loss is shown to be governed by a transverse momentum diffusion equation. We compute the final photon spectrum in the limit of soft photons, taking into account the leading and next-to-leading terms in the photon momentum fraction y. In this limit, the photon spectrum in a physical gauge is shown to arise from two interfering sources: one where the initial hard scattering produces an off-shell quark, which immediately radiates the photon and then undergoes subsequent soft rescattering, and an alternative in which the quark is produced on-shell and propagates through the medium until it is driven off-shell by rescattering and radiates the photon. Our result has a simple formal structure as a product of the photon splitting function, the quark transverse momentum distribution coming from a diffusion equation, and a dimensionless factor that encodes the effect of the interferences encountered by the propagating quark over the length of the medium. The destructive nature of such interferences in the small-y limit is responsible for the origin of the Landau-Pomeranchuck-Migdal (LPM) effect. Along the way we also discuss possible implications for quark jets in hot nuclear matter.

Majumder, A.; Fries, Rainer J.; Mueller, B.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Does It Have To Be This Hard? Implementing the Nation's Most...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Have To Be This Hard? Implementing the Nation's Most Aggressive Renewables Portfolio Standard in California Title Does It Have To Be This Hard? Implementing the Nation's Most...

229

Numerical simulation of single-phase and multiphase non-Darcy flow in porous and fractured reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modeling fluid and heat flow in fractured porous media, Soc.flow of single-phase and multi-phase fluids in porous and fractured media.

Wu, Yu-Shu

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Non-isothermal flow in low permeable porous media: A comparison of Richards' and two-phase flow approaches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model for multiphase ?ow and transport in porous mediaMultiphase ?ow ?elds in in-situ air sparging and its effect on remediation. Transp Porous

Wang, W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

A unified numerical framework model for simulating flow, transport, and heat transfer in porous and fractured media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flow, Transport, and Heat Transfer in Porous and Fracturedtransport, and heat transfer in porous and fracturedflow, chemical transport, and heat transfer in rock. These

Wu, Yu-Shu

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Discrete particle transport in porous media : discrete observations of physical mechanisms influencing particle behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An understanding of how discrete particles in the micron to submicron range behave in porous media is important to a number of environmental problems. Discrete particle behavior in the interior of a porous medium is complex ...

Yoon, Joon Sik, 1973-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Study of gas flow dynamics in porous and granular media with laser-polarized ¹²?Xe NMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) studies of gas flow dynamics in porous and granular media by using laser-polarized ¹²?Xe . Two different physical processes, the gas transport in porous rock cores and ...

Wang, Ruopeng, 1972-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Phenomenological study of Au and Pt nanowires grown in porous alumina scaffolds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Porous anodic aluminum oxide, commonly known as AAO, has been widely used as a scaffold to synthesize nanowires and nanotubes. The porous alumina structure can be obtained from a simple electrochemical oxidation process, ...

Shin, Yong Cheol, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

High Co2 Emissions Through Porous Media- Transport Mechanisms And  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Co2 Emissions Through Porous Media- Transport Mechanisms And Co2 Emissions Through Porous Media- Transport Mechanisms And Implications For Flux Measurement And Fractionation Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: High Co2 Emissions Through Porous Media- Transport Mechanisms And Implications For Flux Measurement And Fractionation Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Diffuse emissions of CO2 are known to be large around some volcanoes and hydrothermal areas. Accumulation-chamber measurements of CO2 flux are increasingly used to estimate the total magmatic or metamorphic CO2 released from such areas. To assess the performance of accumulation chamber systems at fluxes one to three orders of magnitude higher than normally encountered in soil respiration studies, a test system was

236

Growth of compaction bands: A new deformation mode for porous rock  

SciTech Connect

Compaction bands are thin, tabular zones of grain breakage and reduced porosity that are found in sandstones. These structures may form due to tectonic stresses or as a result of local stresses induced during production of fluids from wells, resulting in barriers to fluid (oil, gas, water) movement in sandstone reservoirs. To gain insight into the formation of compaction bands the authors have produced them in the laboratory. Acoustic emission locations were used to define and track the thickness of compaction bands throughout the stress history during axisymmetric compression experiments. Narrow zones of intense acoustic emission, demarcating the boundaries between the uncompacted and compacted regions were found to develop. Unexpectedly, these boundaries moved at velocities related to the fractional porosity reduction across the boundary and to the imposed specimen compression stress. This appears to be a previously unrecognized, fundamental mode of deformation of a porous, granular material subjected to compressive loading with significant implications for the production of hydrocarbons.

OLSSON,WILLIAM A.; HOLCOMB,DAVID J.

2000-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

237

Porous electrolyte retainer for molten carbonate fuel cell. [lithium aluminate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A porous tile for retaining molten electrolyte within a fuel cell is prepared by sintering particles of lithium aluminate into a stable structure. The tile is assembled between two porous metal plates which serve as electrodes with fuels gases such as H/sub 2/ and CO opposite to oxidant gases such as O/sub 2/ and CO/sub 2/. The tile is prepared with a porosity of 55 to 65% and a pore size distribution selected to permit release of sufficient molten electrolyte to wet but not to flood the adjacent electrodes.

Singh, R.N.; Dusek, J.T.

1979-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

238

Nucleon structure and hard p-p processes at high energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The production of heavy flavour hadrons in $pp$ collisions at large values of their transverse momenta can be a new unique source for estimation of intrinsic heavy quark contribution to the proton. We analyze the inclusive production of the open strangeness and the semi-inclusive hard processes of the photon and vector boson production accompanied by the $c$- or $b$-jets in $pp$ collisions. We show that one should select the parton-level (sub)processes (and final-state signatures) that are the most sensitive to the intrinsic heavy quark contributions. We present some predictions for these processes made within the perturbative QCD including the intrinsic strangeness and intrinsic charm in the proton that can be verified in the NA61 experiment and at LHC.

Lykasov, G I; Demichev, M A; Stepanenko, Yu Yu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Convective instabilities in superposed porous and fluid layers in the presence of Coriolis forces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermal convection in a two-layer system consisting of a horizontal fluid layer overlying a layer of porous medium saturated with the same fluid, with uniform heating from below in the presence of Coriolis forces is investigated. The flow in porous medium ... Keywords: Brinkman model, Coriolis forces, superposed porous/fluid layers, thermal convection

Abdullah A. Abdullah; Hanadi M. Banjar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Porous silicon with embedded tritium as a stand-alone prime power source for optoelectronic applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An illumination source comprising a porous silicon having a source of electrons on the surface and/or interticies thereof having a total porosity in the range of from about 50 v/o to about 90 v/o. Also disclosed are a tritiated porous silicon and a photovoltaic device and an illumination source of tritiated porous silicon.

Tam, Shiu-Wing (Downers Grove, IL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Porous silicon with embedded tritium as a stand-alone prime power source for optoelectronic applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An illumination source comprising a porous silicon having a source of electrons on the surface and/or interticies thereof having a total porosity in the range of from about 50 v/o to about 90 v/o. Also disclosed are a tritiated porous silicon and a photovoltaic device and an illumination source of tritiated porous silicon.

Tam, Shiu-Wing (Downers Grove, IL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Porous silicon with embedded tritium as a stand-alone prime power source for optoelectronic applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is an illumination source comprising a porous silicon having a source of electrons on the surface and/or interstices thereof having a total porosity in the range of from about 50 v/o to about 90 v/o. Also disclosed are a tritiated porous silicon and a photovoltaic device and an illumination source of tritiated porous silicon. 1 fig.

Tam, S.W.

1997-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

243

Porous silicon with embedded tritium as a stand-alone prime power source for optoelectronic applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An illumination source is disclosed comprising a porous silicon having a source of electrons on the surface and/or interstices thereof having a total porosity in the range of from about 50 v/o to about 90 v/o. Also disclosed are a tritiated porous silicon and a photovoltaic device and an illumination source of tritiated porous silicon. 1 fig.

Tam, S.W.

1998-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

244

YOHKOH remnants: partially occulted flares in hard X-rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flares being partially occulted by the solar limb, are the best reservoir of our knowledge about hard X-ray loop-top sources. Recently, the survey of partially occulted flares observed by the RHESSI has been published (Krucker & Lin 2008). The extensive YOHKOH database still awaits such activities. This work is an attempt to fill this gap. Among from 1286 flares in the YOHKOH Hard X-ray Telescope Flare Catalogue, for which the hard X-ray images had been enclosed, we identified 98 events that occurred behind the solar limb. We investigated their hard X-ray spectra and spatial structure. We found that in most cases the hard X-ray spectrum of partially occulted flares consists of two components, non-thermal and thermal, which are co-spatial. The photon energy spectra of the partially occulted flares are systematically steeper than spectra of the non-occulted flares. Such a difference we explain as a consequence of intrinsically dissimilar conditions ruling in coronal parts of flares, in comparison with the f...

Tomczak, M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Direct Imagining of Soft-hard Interfaces Enabled by Graphene  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Direct Imagining of Soft-hard Interfaces Enabled by Graphene Direct Imagining of Soft-hard Interfaces Enabled by Graphene Title Direct Imagining of Soft-hard Interfaces Enabled by Graphene Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009 Authors Lee, Zonghoon, Ki-Joon Jeon, Albert Dato, Rolf Erni, Thomas J. Richardson, Michael Frenklach, and Velimir Radmilovic Journal NanoLetters Volume 9 Start Page 3365 Issue 9 Pagination 3365-3369 Date Published 09/2009 Abstract Direct imaging of surface molecules and the interfaces between soft and hard materials on functionalized nanoparticles is a great challenge using modern microscopy techniques. We show that graphene, a single atomic layer of sp2-bonded carbon atoms, can be employed as an ultrathin support film that enables direct imaging of molecular layers and interfaces in both conventional and atomic-resolution transmission electron microscopy. An atomic-resolution imaging study of the capping layers and interfaces of citrate-stabilized gold nanoparticles is used to demonstrate this novel capability. Our findings reveal the unique potential of graphene as an ideal support film for atomic-resolution transmission electron microscopy of hard and soft nanomaterials.

246

A Facile synthesis of flower-like Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} porous spheres for the lithium-ion battery electrode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The porous hierarchical spherical Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} assembled by nanosheets have been successfully fabricated. The porosity and the particle size of the product can be controlled by simply altering calcination temperature. SEM, TEM and SAED were performed to confirm that mesoporous Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanostructures are built-up by numerous nanoparticles with random attachment. The BET specific surface area and pore size of the product calcined at 280 deg. C are 72.5 m{sup 2} g{sup -1} and 4.6 nm, respectively. Our experiments further demonstrated that electrochemical performances of the synthesized products working as an anode material of lithium-ion battery are strongly dependent on the porosity. - Graphical abstract: The flower-like Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} porous spheres with hierarchical structure have been successfully prepared via a simple calcination process using cobalt hydroxide as precursor.

Zheng Jun; Liu Jing; Lv Dongping; Kuang Qin [State Key Laboratory for Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces and Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China); Jiang Zhiyuan, E-mail: zyjiang@xmu.edu.c [State Key Laboratory for Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces and Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China); Xie Zhaoxiong; Huang Rongbin; Zheng Lansun [State Key Laboratory for Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces and Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

HARD X-RAY AND MICROWAVE EMISSIONS FROM SOLAR FLARES WITH HARD SPECTRAL INDICES  

SciTech Connect

We analyze 10 flare events that radiate intense hard X-ray (HXR) emission with significant photons over 300 keV to verify that the electrons that have a common origin of acceleration mechanism and energy power-law distribution with solar flares emit HXRs and microwaves. Most of these events have the following characteristics. HXRs emanate from the footpoints of flare loops, while microwaves emanate from the tops of flare loops. The time profiles of the microwave emission show delays of peak with respect to those of the corresponding HXR emission. The spectral indices of microwave emissions show gradual hardening in all events, while the spectral indices of the corresponding HXR emissions are roughly constant in most of the events, though rather rapid hardening is simultaneously observed in some for both indices during the onset time and the peak time. These characteristics suggest that the microwave emission emanates from the trapped electrons. Then, taking into account the role of the trapping of electrons for the microwave emission, we compare the observed microwave spectra with the model spectra calculated by a gyrosynchrotron code. As a result, we successfully reproduce the eight microwave spectra. From this result, we conclude that the electrons that have a common acceleration and a common energy distribution with solar flares emit both HXR and microwave emissions in the eight events, though microwave emission is contributed to by electrons with much higher energy than HXR emission.

Kawate, T. [Kwasan and Hida Observatory, Kitashirakawa-oiwakecho, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Nishizuka, N. [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510 (Japan); Oi, A. [College of Science, Ibaraki University, Mito, Ibaraki 310-8512 (Japan); Ohyama, M. [Faculty of Education, Shiga University, 2-5-1 Hiratsu, Otsu, Shiga 1-1, Baba Hikone city, Siga 522-8522 (Japan); Nakajima, H., E-mail: kawate@kusastro.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Nobeyama Solar Radio Observatory, NAOJ, Nobeyama, Minamisaku, Nagano 384-1305 (Japan)

2012-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

248

Flash Memory Garbage Collection in Hard Real-Time Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to advances in capacity, speed, and economics, NAND-based flash memory technology is increasingly integrated into all types of computing systems, ranging from enterprise servers to embedded devices. However, due to its unpredictable up-date behavior and time consuming garbage collection mechanism, NAND-based flash memory is difficult to integrate into hard-real-time embedded systems. In this thesis, I propose a performance model for flash memory garbage collection that can be used in conjunction with a number of different garbage collection strategies. I describe how to model the cost of reactive (lazy) garbage collection and compare it to that of more proactive schemes. I develop formulas to assess the schedulability of hard real- time periodic task sets under simplified memory consumption models. Results show that I prove the proactive schemes achieve the larger maximum schedulable utilization than the traditional garbage collection mechanism for hard real-time systems in flash memory.

Lai, Chien-An

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Adiabatic Quantum Programming: Minor Embedding With Hard Faults  

SciTech Connect

Adiabatic quantum programming defines the time-dependent mapping of a quantum algorithm into the hardware or logical fabric. An essential programming step is the embedding of problem-specific information into the logical fabric to define the quantum computational transformation. We present algorithms for embedding arbitrary instances of the adiabatic quantum optimization algorithm into a square lattice of specialized unit cells. Our methods are shown to be extensible in fabric growth, linear in time, and quadratic in logical footprint. In addition, we provide methods for accommodating hard faults in the logical fabric without invoking approximations to the original problem. These hard fault-tolerant embedding algorithms are expected to prove useful for benchmarking the adiabatic quantum optimization algorithm on existing quantum logical hardware. We illustrate this versatility through numerical studies of embeddabilty versus hard fault rates in square lattices of complete bipartite unit cells.

Klymko, Christine F [ORNL] [ORNL; Sullivan, Blair D [ORNL] [ORNL; Humble, Travis S [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Heat treatment of cathodic arc deposited amorphous hard carbon films  

SciTech Connect

Amorphous hard carbon films of varying sp{sup 2}/sp{sup 3} fractions have been deposited on Si using filtered cathodic are deposition with pulsed biasing. The films were heat treated in air up to 550 C. Raman investigation and nanoindentation were performed to study the modification of the films caused by the heat treatment. It was found that films containing a high sp{sup 3} fraction sustain their hardness for temperatures at least up to 400 C, their structure for temperatures up to 500 C, and show a low thickness loss during heat treatment. Films containing at low sp{sup 3} fraction graphitize during the heat treatment, show changes in structure and hardness, and a considerable thickness loss.

Anders, S.; Ager, J.W. III; Brown, I.G. [and others

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

What Previous Disasters Teach: The (Really) Hard Lessons of Katrina and Haiti  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What Previous Disasters Teach: The (Really) Hard Lessons of Katrina and Haiti What Previous Disasters Teach: The (Really) Hard Lessons of Katrina and Haiti 1 (Really) Hard Lessons of Katrina and Haiti for Humanitarian Logistics (Really) Hard Lessons of Katrina and Haiti for Humanitarian Logistics José Holguín

Mitchell, John E.

252

Cathode porous transport irreversibility model for PEM fuel cell design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence is studied of slip-irreversibility at the interface between the gas diffusion layer, also referred to here as the porous transport layer, and the catalyst layer of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). A two-dimensional cathode ... Keywords: catalyst layer, exergy, gas diffusion layer, slip flow irreversibility

E. O. B. Ogedengbe; M. A. Rosen

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Heat and mass transfer in unsaturated porous media. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A preliminary study of heat and water transport in unsaturated porous media is reported. The project provides background information regarding the feasibility of seasonal thermal energy storage in unconfined aquifers. A parametric analysis of the factors of importance, and an annotated bibliography of research findings pertinent to unconfined aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) are presented. This analysis shows that heat and mass transfer of water vapor assume dominant importance in unsaturated porous media at elevated temperature. Although water vapor fluxes are seldom as large as saturated medium liquid water fluxes, they are important under unsaturated conditions. The major heat transport mechanism for unsaturated porous media at temperatures from 50 to 90/sup 0/C is latent heat flux. The mechanism is nonexistent under saturated conditions but may well control design of unconfined aquifer storage systems. The parametric analysis treats detailed physical phenomena which occur in the flow systems study and demonstrates the temperature and moisture dependence of the transport coefficients of importance. The question of design of an unconfined ATES site is also addressed by considering the effects of aquifer temperature, depth to water table, porous medium flow properties, and surface boundary conditions. Recommendations are made for continuation of this project in its second phase. Both scientific and engineering goals are considered and alternatives are presented.

Childs, S.W.; Malstaff, G.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Domain decomposition strategies for nonlinear flow problems in porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Domain decomposition (DD) methods, such as the additive Schwarz method, are almost exclusively applied to linearized equations. In the context of nonlinear problems, these linear systems appear as part of a Newton iteration. However, applying DD methods ... Keywords: ASPIN, Domain decomposition, Nonlinear multiphase flow, Nonlinear preconditioning, Nonlinear solvers, Porous media

Jan Ole Skogestad; Eirik Keilegavlen; Jan M. Nordbotten

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

High-strength porous carbon and its multifunctional applications  

SciTech Connect

High-strength porous carbon and a method of its manufacture are described for multifunctional applications, such as ballistic protection, structural components, ultracapacitor electrodes, gas storage, and radiation shielding. The carbon is produced from a polymer precursor via carbonization, and optionally by surface activation and post-treatment.

Wojtowicz, Marek A; Rubenstein, Eric P; Serio, Michael A; Cosgrove, Joseph E

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

256

Corrosion resistance characterization of porous alumina membrane supports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tubular porous alumina ceramic membrane supports were fabricated by an extrusion-drying-sintering process and then characterized in detail in terms of corrosion resistance in both H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} and NaOH aqueous solutions. Variations in the properties of the alumina supports such as mass loss percent, mechanical strength, open porosity and pore size distribution were studied before and after corrosion under different conditions. In addition, the microstructures were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction before and after corrosion. The fabricated porous alumina supports offer possibilities for some potential applications as micro-filtration or ultra-filtration membrane supports, as well as in the pre-treatment of strongly acidic industrial waste-liquids. - Research highlights: {yields} Porous alumina membrane supports fabricated by extrusion-drying-sintering process. {yields} Corrosion resistance in 20 wt.% H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} and 1, 5, 10 wt.% NaOH aqueous solutions. {yields} Rapid mass loss and loss of flexural strength occurred in hot NaOH solution. {yields} Resistant to strong acid corrosion with low mass loss, low flexural strength loss. {yields} Porous alumina supports have potential for treatment of strong acid waste liquids.

Dong Yingchao, E-mail: dongyc9@mail.ustc.edu.cn [Materials and Surface Science Institute (MSSI), University of Limerick, Limerick (Ireland); USTC Lab for Solid State Chemistry and Inorganic Membranes, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) (China); Key Lab of Jiangxi Universities for Inorganic Membranes, National Engineering Research Center for Domestic and Building Ceramics, Jingdezhen Ceramic University (JCU) (China); Lin Bin [USTC Lab for Solid State Chemistry and Inorganic Membranes, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) (China); Zhou Jianer [Key Lab of Jiangxi Universities for Inorganic Membranes, National Engineering Research Center for Domestic and Building Ceramics, Jingdezhen Ceramic University (JCU) (China); Zhang Xiaozhen [USTC Lab for Solid State Chemistry and Inorganic Membranes, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) (China); Key Lab of Jiangxi Universities for Inorganic Membranes, National Engineering Research Center for Domestic and Building Ceramics, Jingdezhen Ceramic University (JCU) (China); Ling Yihan; Liu Xingqin; Meng Guangyao [USTC Lab for Solid State Chemistry and Inorganic Membranes, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) (China); Hampshire, Stuart [Materials and Surface Science Institute (MSSI), University of Limerick, Limerick (Ireland)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Boundary layer solutions for natural convection in porous media  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An approximate solution is developed for natural convection in porous media resulting from localized heat sources. The method is applicable for moderate levels of convection. Results of the method compare well with those of other calculational methods and with experimental data. The solution for a spherical source can be used as an indirect method for the determination of permeability in some cases.

Hardee, H.C.

1976-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Free volume distribution of nearly jammed hard sphere packings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the free volume distributions of nearly jammed packings of monodisperse and bidisperse hard sphere configurations. These distributions differ qualitatively from those of the fluid, displaying a power law tail at large free volumes, which constitutes a distinct signature of nearly jammed configurations, persisting for moderate degrees of decompression. We reproduce and explain the observed distribution by considering the pair correlation function within the first coordination shell for jammed hard sphere configurations. We analyze features of the equation of state near jamming, and discuss the significance of observed asphericities of the free volumes to the equation of state.

Moumita Maiti; Srikanth Sastry

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

259

Microbial methane formation from hard coal and timber in an abandoned coal mine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About 7% of the global annual methane emissions originate from coal mining. Also, mine gas has come into focus of the power industry and is being used increasingly for heat and power production. In many coal deposits worldwide, stable carbon and hydrogen isotopic signatures of methane indicate a mixed thermogenic and biogenic origin. In this study, we have measured in an abandoned coal mine methane fluxes and isotopic signatures of methane and carbon dioxide, and collected samples for microbiological and phylogenetic investigations. Mine timber and hard coal showed an in-situ production of methane with isotopic signatures similar to those of the methane in the mine atmosphere. Enrichment cultures amended with mine timber or hard coal as sole carbon sources formed methane over a period of nine months. Predominantly, acetoclastic methanogenesis was stimulated in enrichments containing acetate or hydrogen/carbon dioxide. Molecular techniques revealed that the archaeal community in enrichment cultures and unamended samples was dominated by members of the Methanosarcinales. The combined geochemical and microbiological investigations identify microbial methanogenesis as a recent source of methane in abandoned coal mines.

Kruger, M.; Beckmann, S.; Engelen, B.; Thielemann, T.; Cramer, B.; Schippers, A.; Cypionka, H. [Federal Institute for Geoscience and Natural Resources BGR, Hannover (Germany)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Component mixers and a hardness result for counterfeiting quantum money  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we give the first proof that, under reasonable assumptions, a problem related to counterfeiting quantum money from knots [Farhi et al. 2010] is hard. Along the way, we introduce the concept of a component mixer, define three new classical query problems and associated complexity classes related to graph isomorphism and group membership, and conjecture an oracle separating QCMA from QMA.

Andrew Lutomirski

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Component mixers and a hardness result for counterfeiting quantum money  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we give the first proof that, under reasonable assumptions, a problem related to counterfeiting quantum money from knots [Farhi et al. 2010] is hard. Along the way, we introduce the concept of a component mixer, define three new classical query problems and associated complexity classes related to graph isomorphism and group membership, and conjecture an oracle separating QCMA from QMA.

Lutomirski, Andrew

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

The Imperative of Hard Power The 2009 Defence White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Imperative of Hard Power The 2009 Defence White Paper Presented by National Security College Mr Michael Pezzullo was the Deputy Secretary (2009 White Paper) in the Department of Defence of force by states in the modern world was dealt with in the 2009 Defence White Paper, and in particular

263

January 29, 2011 Google Finds It Hard to Reinvent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

January 29, 2011 Google Finds It Hard to Reinvent Philanthropy By STEPHANIE STROM and MIGUEL HELFT JUST before Google first sold its shares to the public in 2004, Larry Page, one of its founders of Google's profits, 1 percent of its equity and a significant amount of its employees' time to the effort

Snider, Barry B.

264

Face and Eye Detection on Hard Datasets Jon Parris1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Face and Eye Detection on Hard Datasets Jon Parris1 , Michael Wilber1 , Brian Heflin2 , Ham Rara3 with refinement. Similarly, [3] lever- ages parts of existing data and spends much of their discus- sion about by using the ratios de- scribed in csuPreprocessnormalize.c, part of the CSU Face Evaluation

Boult, Terrance E.

265

Why is hard to patent an invention? , W. Bein 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Why is hard to patent an invention? D. Bein 1 , W. Bein 2 , M. P. Brut 3 and A. M. Cazacu 4 1 an agreement giving the company exclusive rights to any intellectual property developed as part of their work application at any time. Patent trolling refers to "those who acquire patents with no intention to use them

Bein, Wolfgang

266

Face and Eye Detection on Hard Datasets , Michael Wilber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Face and Eye Detection on Hard Datasets Jon Parris 1 , Michael Wilber 1 , Brian Heflin 2 , Ham Rara is a dataset collected using auto mated face detection with refinement. Similarly, [3] lever ages parts the ratios de scribed in csuPreprocessnormalize. c, part of the CSU Face Evaluation and ldentification

Farag, Aly A.

267

May 29, 2010 The Hard Sell on Salt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 29, 2010 The Hard Sell on Salt By MICHAEL MOSS With salt under attack for its ill effects -- an allure the industry has recognized for decades. "Once a preference is acquired," a top scientist at Frito adopting the lower standard for everyone as part of its review of nutrition standards. The food industry

Bent, Andrew F.

268

Scaling Hard Vertical Surfaces with Compliant Microspine Arrays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new approach for climbing hard vertical surfaces has been developed that allows a robot to scale concrete, stucco, brick and masonry walls without using suction or adhesives.The approach is inspired by the mechanisms observed in some climbing insects ... Keywords: bio-inspired, climbing, legged locomation, spines

Alan T. Asbeck; Sangbae Kim; M. R. Cutkosky; William R. Provancher; Michele Lanzetta

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Survey of government assistance for the world's hard-coal industries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report investigates the existence and use of subsidies and incentives that foreign nations give their coal industries. Of particular interest are those aids that promote and facilitate the export of coal. A survey of hard coal producing countries was conducted to compile, and quantify if possible, direct and indirect financial aids given by governments for the purposes of maintaining, expanding or creating an indigenous coal industry and facilitating exports. The survey found that government measures commonly used to maintain, expand or create coal production include deficit operating grants, capital grants, preferential loan credits, labor and tax benefits, and export marketing assistance. Typical measures used to guarantee and protect domestic coal markets are long-term supply agreements, price supports, government purchases, tariffs, import licenses, and quotas. Common types of financial assistance provided by governments that do not benefit current coal production or use are research and development funds, environmental grants for restoring past mined lands, and payments to unemployed miners.

Neme, L.A.; Yancik, J.J.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Nonexistence of Voting Rules That Are Usually Hard to Manipulate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... problem for multiagent systems, and one general method for doing so is to vote over the alternatives (candidates). Unfortunately, the Gibbard-Satterthwaite theorem shows that when there are three or more candidates, all reasonable voting rules are manipulable (in the sense that there exist situations in which a voter would benefit from reporting its preferences insincerely). To circumvent this impossibility result, recent research has investigated whether it is possible to make finding a beneficial manipulation computationally hard. This approach has had some limited success, exhibiting rules under which the problem of finding a beneficial manipulation is NP- hard, #P-hard, or even PSPACE-hard. Thus, under these rules, it is unlikely that a computationally efficient algorithm can be constructed that always finds a beneficial manipulation (when it exists). However, this still does not preclude the existence of an efficient algorithm that often finds a successful manipulation (when it exists). There have been attempts to design a rule under which finding a beneficial manipulation is usually hard, but they have failed. To explain this failure, in this paper, we show that it is in fact impossible to design such a rule, if the rule is also required to satisfy another property: a large fraction of the manipulable instances are both weakly monotone, and allow the manipulators to make either of exactly two candidates win. We argue why one should expect voting rules to have this property, and show experimentally that common voting rules clearly satisfy it. We also discuss approaches for potentially circumventing this impossibility result.

Vincent Conitzer; Tuomas Sandholm

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Hard target penetrator explosive development optimization of fragment, blast and survivability properties of explosives for hard target applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several new explosives have been developed for hard target and related applications. Materials having energy densities as high as 20 KJ/cc have been made. Mid-scale field trials have been carried out at Eglin Air Force Base. Fragmentation improvements 150% that of Tritonal have been attained.

Simpson, R. L., LLNL

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Domain Decomposition for Flow in Porous Media with Fractures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this article. The fractures that we are concerned with are filled with debris so we consider them as porous media. The permeability in the fracture is large in comparison with that in the surrounding rock, so the fluid circulates faster in the fracture. Thus we have a highly heterogeneous porous medium. One idea that has been used to take this into account is to treat the fracture as an interface and to assume that the fluid that flows into the fracture stays in the fracture. In fact, in many models the contrast in permeabilities is of such an order that the flow outside of the fracture is neglected. However, here we are concerned with the situation in which the exchange between the fracture and the rest of the domain is significant. To deal with this case we need to model both what happens in the fracture and what happens outside the fracture. One

Clarisse Alboin; Jerome Jaffre; Jean Roberts; Christophe Serres

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Nonlinear Dynamics of Capacitive Charging and Desalination by Porous Electrodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rapid and efficient exchange of ions between porous electrodes and aqueous solutions is important in many applications, such as electrical energy storage by super-capacitors, water desalination and purification by capacitive deionization (or desalination), and capacitive extraction of renewable energy from a salinity difference. Here, we present a unified mean-field theory for capacitive charging and desalination by ideally polarizable porous electrodes (without Faradaic reactions or specific adsorption of ions) in the limit of thin double layers (compared to typical pore dimensions). We illustrate the theory in the case of a dilute, symmetric, binary electrolyte using the Gouy-Chapman-Stern (GCS) model of the double layer, for which simple formulae are available for salt adsorption and capacitive charging of the diffuse part of the double layer. We solve the full GCS mean-field theory numerically for realistic parameters in capacitive deionization, and we derive reduced models for two limiting regimes wi...

Biesheuvel, P M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Impact of wettability correlations on multiphase flow through porous media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the last decades, significant progress has been made in understanding the multiphase displacement through porous media with homogeneous wettability and its relation to the pore geometry. However, the role of wettability at the scale of the pore remains still little understood. In the present study the displacement of immiscible fluids through a two-dimensional porous medium is simulated by means of a mesoscopic particle approach. The substrate is described as an assembly of non-overlapping circular disks whose preferential wettability is distributed according to prescribed spatial correlations, from pore scale up to domains at system size. We analyze how this well-defined heterogeneous wettability affects the flow and try to establish a relationship among wettability-correlations and large-scale properties of the multiphase flow.

Marta S. de La Lama; Martin Brinkmann

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

275

Flow-induced channelization in a porous medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a theory for erosional channelization induced by fluid flow in a saturated granular porous medium. When the local fluid flow-induced stress is larger than a critical threshold, grains are dislodged and carried away so that the porosity of the medium is altered by erosion. This in turn affects the local hydraulic conductivity and pressure in the medium and results in the growth and development of channels that preferentially conduct the flow. Our multiphase model involves a dynamical porosity field that evolves along with the volume fraction of the mobile and immobile grains in response to fluid flow that couples the spatiotemporal dynamics of the three phases. Numerical solutions of the resulting initial boundary value problem show how channels form in porous media and highlights how heterogeneity in the erosion threshold dictates the form of the patterns and thus the ability to control them.

Mahadevan, Amala

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Methods for removing contaminant matter from a porous material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of removing contaminant matter from porous materials include applying a polymer material to a contaminated surface, irradiating the contaminated surface to cause redistribution of contaminant matter, and removing at least a portion of the polymer material from the surface. Systems for decontaminating a contaminated structure comprising porous material include a radiation device configured to emit electromagnetic radiation toward a surface of a structure, and at least one spray device configured to apply a capture material onto the surface of the structure. Polymer materials that can be used in such methods and systems include polyphosphazine-based polymer materials having polyphosphazine backbone segments and side chain groups that include selected functional groups. The selected functional groups may include iminos, oximes, carboxylates, sulfonates, .beta.-diketones, phosphine sulfides, phosphates, phosphites, phosphonates, phosphinates, phosphine oxides, monothio phosphinic acids, and dithio phosphinic acids.

Fox, Robert V. (Idaho Falls, ID); Avci, Recep (Bozeman, MT); Groenewold, Gary S. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

277

The place of hard coal in energy supply pattern of Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lignite and hard coal are the major sources of domestic energy sources of Turkey. Hard coal is produced at only one district in the country. Zonguldak Hard Coal Basin is the major power for development of the Turkish steel-making industry. It is the only hard coal basin in the country and it has, to date, supplied approximately 400 million tons of run-of-mine hard coal. This article investigates the potential of hard coal as an energy source and discusses the measures to activate the region for the future energy supply objectives of the country.

Yilmaz, A.O.; Aydiner, K. [Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon (Turkey). Mining Engineering Department

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Porous coatings from wire mesh for bone implants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of coating areas of bone implant elements and the resulting implant having a porous coating are described. Preselected surface areas are covered by a preform made from continuous woven lengths of wire. The preform is compressed and heated to assure that diffusion bonding occurs between the wire surfaces and between the surface boundaries of the implant element and the wire surfaces in contact with it. Porosity is achieved by control of the resulting voids between the bonded wire portions.

Sump, Kenneth R. (Richland, WA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Free-standing luminescent layers of porous silicon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Free-standing layers of porous silicon with a thickness ranging from 50 to 200 {mu}m have been fabricated using an electrolyte composed of HF and acetic acid. Chemical aspects of the etching process associated with the evolution of gases that favor detachment of layers from substrates are considered. The layers exhibit stable photoluminescence in the visible spectral region observed from both of their sides.

Goryachev, D. N., E-mail: Dmitri.Goryachev@mail.ioffe.ru; Belyakov, L. V.; Sreseli, O. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical Technical Institute (Russian Federation)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

280

ENCAPSULATION OF PALLADIUM IN POROUS WALL HOLLOW GLASS MICROSPHERES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new encapsulation method was investigated in an attempt to develop an improved palladium packing material for hydrogen isotope separation. Porous wall hollow glass microspheres (PWHGMs) were produced by using a flame former, heat treating and acid leaching. The PWHGMs were then filled with palladium salt using a soak-and-dry process. The palladium salt was reduced at high temperature to leave palladium inside the microspheres.

Heung, L; George Wicks, G; Ray Schumacher, R

2008-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Developing long-term stable product line architectures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Product lines are usually built for the long term in order to repay the initial investment. While long-term stable software systems are already hard, if they are developed individually, it is even harder for complete product lines. At the time a new ... Keywords: AUTOSAR, multi product lines, scoping, software architecture, software product lines

Christian Tischer; Birgit Boss; Andreas Müller; Andreas Thums; Rajneesh Acharya; Klaus Schmid

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Sol-gel derived ceramic electrolyte films on porous substrates  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A process for the deposition of sol-gel derived thin films on porous substrates has been developed; such films should be useful for solid oxide fuel cells and related applications. Yttria-stabilized zirconia films have been formed from metal alkoxide starting solutions. Dense films have been deposited on metal substrates and ceramic substrates, both dense and porous, through dip-coating and spin-coating techniques, followed by a heat treatment in air. X-ray diffraction has been used to determine the crystalline phases formed and the extent of reactions with various substrates which may be encountered in gas/gas devices. Surface coatings have been successfully applied to porous substrates through the control of substrate pore size and deposition parameters. Wetting of the substrate pores by the coating solution is discussed, and conditions are defined for which films can be deposited over the pores without filling the interiors of the pores. Shrinkage cracking was encountered in films thicker than a critical value, which depended on the sol-gel process parameters and on the substrate characteristics. Local discontinuities were also observed in films which were thinner than a critical value which depended on the substrate pore size. A theoretical discussion of cracking mechanisms is presented for both types of cracking, and the conditions necessary for successful thin formation are defined. The applicability of these film gas/gas devices is discussed.

Kueper, T.W.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Interface effects on multiphase flows in porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most models for multiphase flows in a porous medium are based on the straightforward extension of Darcy's law, in which each fluid phase is driven by its own pressure gradient. The pressure difference between the phases is thought to be an effect of surface tension and is called capillary pressure. Independent of Darcy's law, for liquid imbibition processes in a porous material, diffusion models are sometime used. In this paper, an ensemble phase averaging technique for continuous multi phase flows is applied to derive averaged equations and to examine the validity of the commonly used models. The closure for the averaged equations is quite complicated for general multiphase flows in a porous material. For flows with a small ratio of the characteristic length of the phase interfaces to the macroscopic length, the closure relations can be simplified significantly by an approximation with a second order error in the length ratio. The approximation reveals the information of the length scale separation obscured during the ensemble averaging process, and leads to an equation system similar to Darcy's law, but with additional terms. Based on interactions on phase interfaces, relations among closure quantities are studied.

Zhang, Duan Z [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Uranium Oxide Aerosol Transport in Porous Graphite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to investigate the transport of uranium oxide particles that may be present in carbon dioxide (CO2) gas coolant, into the graphite blocks of gas-cooled, graphite moderated reactors. The transport of uranium oxide in the coolant system, and subsequent deposition of this material in the graphite, of such reactors is of interest because it has the potential to influence the application of the Graphite Isotope Ratio Method (GIRM). The GIRM is a technology that has been developed to validate the declared operation of graphite moderated reactors. GIRM exploits isotopic ratio changes that occur in the impurity elements present in the graphite to infer cumulative exposure and hence the reactor’s lifetime cumulative plutonium production. Reference Gesh, et. al., for a more complete discussion on the GIRM technology.

Blanchard, Jeremy; Gerlach, David C.; Scheele, Randall D.; Stewart, Mark L.; Reid, Bruce D.; Gauglitz, Phillip A.; Bagaasen, Larry M.; Brown, Charles C.; Iovin, Cristian; Delegard, Calvin H.; Zelenyuk, Alla; Buck, Edgar C.; Riley, Brian J.; Burns, Carolyn A.

2012-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

285

Bonded multilayer Laue Lens for focusing hard x-rays.  

SciTech Connect

We have fabricated partial Multilayer Laue Lens (MLL) linear zone plate structures with thousands of alternating WSi{sub 2} and Si layers and various outermost zone widths according to the Fresnel zone plate formula. Using partial MLL structures, we were able to focus hard X-rays to line foci with a width of 30 nm and below. Here, we describe challenges and approaches used to bond these multilayers to achieve line and point focusing. Bonding was done by coating two multilayers with AuSn and heating in a vacuum oven at 280-300 C. X-ray reflectivity measurements confirmed that there was no change in the multilayers after heating to 350 C. A bonded MLL was polished to a 5-25 {micro}m wedge without cracking. SEM image analyses found well-positioned multilayers after bonding. These results demonstrate the feasibility of a bonded full MLL for focusing hard X-rays.

Liu, C.; Conley, R.; Qian, J.; Kewish, C.M.; Macrander, A.T.; Maser, J.; Kang, H.C.; Yan, H.; Stephenson, G.B.; Advanced Photonics Research Institute; Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology

2007-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

286

Hard Sphere Dynamics for Normal and Granular Fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fluid of N smooth, hard spheres is considered as a model for normal (elastic collisions) and granular (inelastic collisions) fluids. The potential energy is discontinuous for hard spheres so the pairwise forces are singular and the usual forms of Newtonian and Hamiltonian mechanics do not apply. Nevertheless, particle trajectories in the N particle phase space are well defined and the generators for these trajectories can be identified. The first part of this presentation is a review of the generators for the dynamics of observables and probability densities. The new results presented in the second part refer to applications of these generators to the Liouville dynamics for granular fluids. A set of eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the generator for this Liouville dynamics is identified in a special "stationary representation". This provides a class of exact solutions to the Liouville equation that are closely related to hydrodynamics for granular fluids.

James W. Dufty; Aparna Baskaran

2005-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

287

Stimulation of static deconfined medium by multiple hard partons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the response of non-expanding deconfined hot matter to energy and momentum deposition from a pair of partons moving with high energies. Several situations are examined with partons moving so that the generated wakes in the medium interact. The resulting energy and flow profiles are studied. Such cases are relevant for nuclear collisions at the LHC where several hard partons are produced in a single collision and their contribution to collective expansion of the fireball may be important.

Martin Schulc; Boris Tomasik

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

288

A Study of Heat Transfer in a Composite Wall Collector System with Porous Absorber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, heat transfer and flow in a composite solar wall with porous absorber has been studied. The unsteady numerical simulation is employed to analyze the performance of the flow and temperature field in the composite solar wall. The excess heat is stored in the porous absorber and wall by the incident solar radiation and there is a temperature gradient in the porous layer. Therefore, the porous absorber works as thermal insulator in a degree when no solar shining is available. The influence of the porosity within the porous absorber on the air flow in the porous absorber is significant. The results show that all these factors should be taken into account for a better design of a heating system.

Chen, W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

High-performance porous silicon solar cell development. Final report, October 1, 1993--September 30, 1995  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of the program was to demonstrate use of porous silicon in new solar cell structures. Porous silicon technology has been developed at Spire for producing visible light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The major aspects that they have demonstrated are the following: porous silicon active layers have been made to show photovoltaic action; porous silicon surface layers can act as antireflection coatings to improve the performance of single-crystal silicon solar cells; and porous silicon surface layers can act as antireflection coatings on polycrystalline silicon solar cells. One problem with the use of porous silicon is to achieve good lateral conduction of electrons and holes through the material. This shows up in terms of poor blue response and photocurrents which increase with increasing reverse bias applied to the diode.

Maruska, P. [Spire Corp., Bedford, MA (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Gas-Phase Diffusion in Porous Media: Comparison of Models Stephen W. Webb  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Gas-Phase Diffusion in Porous Media: Comparison of Models Gas-Phase Diffusion in Porous Media: Comparison of Models Stephen W. Webb Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87 185 ABSTRACT Two models are commonly used to analyze gas- phase diffusion in porous media in the presence of advection, the Advective-Dispersive Model (ADM) and the Dusty-gas Model (DGM). The ADM, which is used in TOUGH2, is based on a simple linear addition of advection calculated by Darcy's law and ordinary diffusion using Fick's law with a porosity- tortuosity-gas saturation multiplier to account for the porous medium. Another approach for gas-phase transport in porous media is the Dusty-Gas Model. This model applies the kinetic theory of gases to the gaseous components and the porous media (or "dust") to combine transport due to diffusion and

291

Nanoindentation and nanoscratching of hard carbon coatings for magnetic disks  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Nanoindentation and nanoscratching experiments have been performed to assess the mechanical properties of several carbon thin films with potential application as wear resistant coatings for magnetic disks. These include three hydrogenated-carbon films prepared by sputter deposition in a H{sub 2}/Ar gas mixture (hydrogen contents of 20, 34, and 40 atomic %) and a pure carbon film prepared by cathodic-arc plasma techniques. Each film was deposited on a silicon substrate to thickness of about 300 run. The hardness and elastic modulus were measured using nanoindentation methods, and ultra-low load scratch tests were used to assess the scratch resistance of the films and measure friction coefficients. Results show that the hardness, elastic modulus, and scratch resistance of the 20 and 34% hydrogenated films are significantly greater than the 40% film, thereby showing that there is a limit to the amount of hydrogen producing beneficial effects. The cathodic-arc film, with a hardness of greater than 59 GPa, is considerably harder than any of the hydrogenated films and has a superior scratch resistance.

Tsui, T.Y.; Pharr, G.M. [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Dept. of Materials Science; Oliver, W.C. [Nano Instruments, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States); Bhatia, C.S.; White, R.L. [IBM Storage Systems Division, San Jose, CA (United States); Anders, S.; Anders, A.; Brown, I.G. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Copy Service, Production Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Copy Service Copy Service Copying in color or black-and-white from hard copy or electronic files. Paper size up to 13" x 19" in a variety of stocks and colors. Larger Documents (up to 36" wide and 100" long) can be reproduced in Black & White from prints or files and can be saved in a variety of electronic format Variable Data Printing - personalized document production Tab Printing Forms CD/DVD Duplication CD/DVD direct printing Binding Collate documents, insert tab dividers, punch holes for binding Stapling documents up to 1 inch thick Spiral, adhesive and perfect binding. Hard covers also available upon request Folding & Mailing Print and apply mailing addresses and labels Machine fold documents and insert into envelopes for mailing Laminate printed items up to 35" wide.

293

Science Bowl 2012: A Long, Hard-Fought Battle for First | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Bowl 2012: A Long, Hard-Fought Battle for First Science Bowl 2012: A Long, Hard-Fought Battle for First May 1, 2012 - 5:53pm Addthis Zaroug Jafeel, Mathew Arbesfeld, Julia...

294

Innovative Telemetry System Will Help Tap Hard-to-Reach Natural...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovative Telemetry System Will Help Tap Hard-to-Reach Natural Gas Resources Innovative Telemetry System Will Help Tap Hard-to-Reach Natural Gas Resources November 2, 2010 -...

295

Non-linear inversion modeling for Ultrasound Computer Tomography: transition from soft to hard tissues imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-linear inversion modeling for Ultrasound Computer Tomography: transition from soft to hard, the tomographic procedure used is adapted to broadband data acquired in scattering configurations while, Iterative Approximation, Soft Tissues Imaging, Hard Tissues Imaging, Breast, Bones 1. INTRODUCTION

296

In-Situ Neutron Diffraction Study of Porous NiO-YSZ Composite ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, In-Situ Neutron Diffraction Study of Porous NiO-YSZ Composite ... Gas Turbines of the Future: Hydrogen and Oxy-Combustion Environments.

297

Nano-laminated Ti3Al Porous Structure Produced by Hot Forging ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extending Bulk CALPHAD Methods to Interfaces and Nanomaterials to Help ... Ti3Al Porous Structure Produced by Hot Forging and Selective Dissolution.

298

Manipulation of surface chemistry and nanostructure in porous silicon-based chemical sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

porous film followed by heating in an oven at 180 °C for 30in base, followed by heating in an oven at 70 ?C for 1 hour.

Ruminski, Anne Marie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Heat transfer through porous multiphase systems measurement, modelling and applications in printing of coated papers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work examines the thermal transfer through porous media by means of measurement of the effective thermal conductivity and modelling of the structural parameters. While… (more)

Gerstner, Philip

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Phase Field Simulation of Ni4Ti3 Precipitation in Porous NiTi Shape ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Generally, porous NiTi alloys may undergo thermomechnical treatment which .... of First Derivative of Dilatation in Low Carbon Steels Multi-Phase Presenting.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

On some problems in the simulation of flow and transport through porous media.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The dynamic solution of multiphase flow through porous media is of special interest to several fields of science and engineering, such as petroleum, geology and… (more)

Thomas, Sunil George

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Heat transfer modeling at an interface between a porous medium and a free region.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work deals with the study of heat transfer between a porous medium and a free medium, using multi scale approaches. First, we derive the… (more)

D'hueppe, Aliénor

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Heat transfer to and from a reversible thermosiphon placed in porous media.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The primary focus of this work is an assessment of heat transfer to and from a reversible thermosiphon imbedded in porous media. The interest in… (more)

Kekelia, Bidzina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Energy Absorption of Novel Macro-Porous Three-phase Syntactic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Energy Absorption of Novel Macro-Porous Three-phase ... and high-momentum impacts to critical infrastructure, it has become increasingly ...

305

Numerical study of natural convection in a vertical porous annulus with discrete heating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

insulation for building, porous heat exchangers and many others applications. Havstad and Burns [11] used practical applications. These include geothermal engineering, thermal insulation systems, packed bed

Lopez, John M.

306

Development of enzymatic biofuel cell based on carbon nanotube electrodes on porous silicon.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The work presented in this thesis has focused on designing and characterizing biofuel cell electrodes using porous silicon (p-Si) as the substrate or current collecting… (more)

Yang, Fan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Estimation of Young's modulus and of hardness by ultra-low load hardness tests with a Vickers indenter  

SciTech Connect

The evaluation of the elastic-plastic properties of a material by using an ultra-low load hardness test requires a geometrical calibration that must take into account the imperfect form of the diamond indenter. In the present work, the Vickers indenter offset of the microindentation equipment was estimated using differently heat-treated steel samples. To this end, the dimensions of the indentations have been evaluated by two different methods: optical measurement of the diagonals and direct measurement of the penetration depth during the test. The elastic-plastic properties are then calculated from the analysis of the penetration depth/indentation load curves. The Young's modulus values determined for the different high-speed steel samples were very similar and close to the literature value for steel if the appropriate corrections are performed. The hardness values decrease when the determination procedure includes the geometrical correction of the indenter offset, and still further when using the total correction obtained by means of optical measurements of the indenter diagonal. Variation of the hardness values with the applied load is much less when the corrections are carried out.

Trindade, A.C. (Instituto Politecnico de Viseu (Portugal). Escola Superior de Tecnologia); Cavaleiro, A.; Fernandes, J.V. (Univ. de Coimbra (Portugal). Dept. de Engenharia Mecanica)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Equilibrium Phase Behavior of Polydisperse Hard Spheres Moreno Fasolo* and Peter Sollich  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Equilibrium Phase Behavior of Polydisperse Hard Spheres Moreno Fasolo* and Peter Sollich Department 2003) We calculate the phase behavior of hard spheres with size polydispersity, using accurate free order. The simplest system for studying this transition is one where the particles act as hard spheres

Sollich, Peter

309

Hard prey, soft jaws and the ontogeny of feeding mechanics in the spotted ratfish  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hard prey, soft jaws and the ontogeny of feeding mechanics in the spotted ratfish Hydrolagus colliei is a holocephalan fish that consumes hard prey (durophagy) but lacks many morphological characters (Chondrichthyes: Holocephali) have branded them as hard prey specialists (Didier 1995; Grogan & Lund 2004

Summers, Adam P.

310

Bonding in hard and elastic amorphous carbon nitride films investigated H NMR spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bonding in hard and elastic amorphous carbon nitride films investigated using 15 N, 13 C, and 1 H Received 14 February 2003; published 5 November 2003 The nitrogen bonding in hard and elastic amorphous substrates at 300 °C. Nanoindentation tests revealed an elastic recovery of 80%, a hardness of 5 GPa

Reilly, Anne

311

Empirical Hardness Models: Methodology and a Case Study on Combinatorial Auctions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Empirical Hardness Models: Methodology and a Case Study on Combinatorial Auctions KEVIN LEYTON to be hard or easy. We also present two applications of our models: building algorithm portfolios that outperform their constituent algorithms, and generating test distributions that emphasize hard problems. We

Shoham, Yoav

312

BAYESIAN ESTIMATION OF HARDNESS RATIOS: MODELING AND COMPUTATIONS Taeyoung Park, 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BAYESIAN ESTIMATION OF HARDNESS RATIOS: MODELING AND COMPUTATIONS Taeyoung Park, 1 Vinay L. Kashyap the nature of a photon spectrum is the so­called hardness ratio, which compares the numbers of counts observed in different passbands. The hardness ratio is especially useful to distinguish between

Wargelin, Bradford J.

313

Imaging of micro-and nano-structures with hard X-rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

object with the hard X-ray microscope A horizontal line profile is inserted in the upper right partImaging of micro- and nano-structures with hard X-rays C. Rau, V. Crecea, C.-P. Richter, K Abstract: Imaging of micro- and nano-structures of opaque samples is demonstrated using hard X-rays. Two

Braun, Paul

314

Hard and elastic amorphous carbon nitride thin films studied by 13 C nuclear magnetic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hard and elastic amorphous carbon nitride thin films studied by 13 C nuclear magnetic resonance bonding of hard and elastic amorphous carbon nitride (a-CNx) thin films was examined using solid-state 13 on Si 001 substrates at 300 °C. Nanoindentation tests reveal a recovery of 80%, a hardness of 5 GPa

Reilly, Anne

315

BAYESIAN ESTIMATION OF HARDNESS RATIOS: MODELING AND COMPUTATIONS Taeyoung Park,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BAYESIAN ESTIMATION OF HARDNESS RATIOS: MODELING AND COMPUTATIONS Taeyoung Park,1 Vinay L. Kashyap of a photon spectrum is the so-called hardness ratio, which compares the numbers of counts observed in different passbands. The hardness ratio is especially useful to distinguish between and categorize weak

Wargelin, Bradford J.

316

Hard Real-Time Garbage Collection for a Java Chip Multi-Processor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or hard copies of all or part of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided, these approaches implement substantial parts or all of the garbage collector in hard- ware. In contrast, ourHard Real-Time Garbage Collection for a Java Chip Multi-Processor Wolfgang Puffitsch Institute

317

Magnetic instabilities in hard superconductors R. G. Mints and A. L Rakhmanov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic instabilities in hard superconductors R. G. Mints and A. L Rakhmanov Institute of High magnetic instabilities in hard and combined Type II superconductors. We give and discuss in detail data. PACS numbers: 74.60.-w, 74.70.Lp CONTENTS 1. Introduction 249 2. Theory of Flux Jumps in Hard

Mints, Roman G.

318

Deadlock Avoidance for Sequential Resource Allocation Systems: Hard and Easy Cases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Deadlock Avoidance for Sequential Resource Allocation Systems: Hard and Easy Cases Mark Lawley is computationally hard, and numerous sub-optimal deadlock avoidance solutions have been proposed for this class and investigating the boundary between the hard and easy cases. We discuss several special structures that lead

Reveliotis, Spiridon "Spyros"

319

Estimating the Economic Impact for the Commercial Hard Clam Culture Industry on the Economy of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Estimating the Economic Impact for the Commercial Hard Clam Culture Industry on the Economy Commercially cultured hard clams have become the single most economically important food item grown hard clams have equaled or exceeded the growth realized by the more established aquaculture sectors

Florida, University of

320

Quantitative imaging of stray fields and magnetization distributions in hard magnetic element arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantitative imaging of stray fields and magnetization distributions in hard magnetic element with inverse magnetostatic methods. The method is applied to hard magnetic FePt and PrCo5 films which exhibit of thin hard magnetic elements. We show that by application of the MOIF technique and inverse

Johansen, Tom Henning

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Hard vs. Soft: The Central Question of Pre-Fabricated Silicon Jonathan Rose  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hard vs. Soft: The Central Question of Pre-Fabricated Silicon Jonathan Rose The Edward S. Rogers Sr also help to make it happen. We will focus on the central question in FPGA architecture: what hard to support these hard structures. An interesting specific case that will be addressed is whether processors

Rose, Jonathan

322

Collaborative, Multimedia Solutions for Improving Educational Access for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collaborative, Multimedia Solutions for Improving Educational Access for Deaf and Hard of Hearing, Multimedia Solutions for Improving Educational Access for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students Anna C. Cavender great potential to better include deaf and hard of hearing students in mainstream academic settings

Cavender, Anna C.

323

Electron correlation in a hard spherical external potential: Wigner molecule formation and hybridization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electron correlation in a hard spherical external potential: Wigner molecule formation; published 12 May 2004 We study a model of N electrons confined to a hard spherical box of radius R, for N 3, and is a generalization of recent work on the corresponding two-electron system.1­3 The box acts as a hard wall to confine

Alavi, Ali

324

Effects of shear induced crystallization on the rheology and ageing of hard sphere glasses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is not at thermodynamic equilibrium. Introduction A large part of the interest in model colloidal systems such as hardEffects of shear induced crystallization on the rheology and ageing of hard sphere glasses N of highly concentrated suspensions of hard sphere particles are studied with particular reference

Schofield, Andrew

325

A Menagerie of Tracks at Maryland: HARD, Enterprise, QA, and Genomics, Oh My!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Menagerie of Tracks at Maryland: HARD, Enterprise, QA, and Genomics, Oh My! Jimmy Lin,a,c Eileen@glue.umd.edu Abstract This year, the University of Maryland participated in four separate tracks: HARD, enterprise, question answering, and genomics. Our HARD experiments involved a trained intermediary who searched

Lin, Jimmy

326

Working Paper 25 Skills Gaps and Hard to Fill Vacancies at  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; in establishments in the private sector; and in establishments which make use of part time and temporary staff. Hard significant. Hard to fill vacancies are more likely in establishments which make use of part time in the private sector; and in establishments which made use of part time and temporary staff. By contrast, hard

Glasgow, University of

327

The effect of food hardness on feeding behaviour in frugivorous bats (Phyllostomidae): an experimental study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of food hardness on feeding behaviour in frugivorous bats (Phyllostomidae hardness. Data summarizing ingestive and fruit processing behaviours were collected during feeding experiments that consisted of eating hard and soft fruits of similar size, shape, and mass. Variables analysed

Dumont, Elizabeth R.

328

Abstract --Image segmentation plays an important role in medical image processing. The aim of conventional hard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of conventional hard segmentation methods is to assign a unique label to each voxel. However, due to the limited (PV) effect. Using the hard segmentation methods, the PV effect can substantially decrease evaluation. Results demonstrated that a hard segmentation method would loss a significant amount of details

329

A Genetic Algorithm with Exon Shuffling Crossover for Hard Bin Packing Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to fail. GAs Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part of this work for personalA Genetic Algorithm with Exon Shuffling Crossover for Hard Bin Packing Problems Philipp Rohlfshagen segments from its parents. The algo- rithm is tested on a set of hard benchmark problems and the results

Heinke, Dietmar

330

Hard, Flexible and Dynamic Constraint Satisfaction Ian Miguel and Qiang Shen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hard, Flexible and Dynamic Constraint Satisfaction Ian Miguel and Qiang Shen School of Arti#12;cial satisfaction problem (CSP) with hard, imperative constraints is insuÃ?cient to model many real problems. Two satisfaction have been applied to real-world problems, it has become increasingly clear that classical hard

Miguel, Ian

331

Phase Contrast Microscopy with Soft and Hard X-rays Using a Segmented  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase Contrast Microscopy with Soft and Hard X-rays Using a Segmented Detector A Dissertation Contrast Microscopy with Soft and Hard X-rays Using a Segmented Detector by Benjamin Hornberger Doctor. In the hard x-ray range (multi-keV), the main focus lies on trace ele- ment mapping by x-ray fluorescence

332

An Automated Test Framework for Hard Real-Time Communication Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Automated Test Framework for Hard Real-Time Communication Systems MITHUN HANUMANAHALLI NAGAIAH ii #12;An Automated Test Framework for Hard Real-Time Communication Systems Master thesis project are subjected to hard real-time communication require- ments. The purpose of this thesis is in introducing tools

Jantsch, Axel

333

HARD X-RAY AND MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OF MICROFLARES Jiong Qiu,1, 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HARD X-RAY AND MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OF MICROFLARES Jiong Qiu,1, 2 Chang Liu,2 Dale E. Gary,2 Gelu, we study solar microflares using the coordinated hard X-ray and microwave observations obtained the time derivative of soft X-rays and 14­20 keV hard X-rays, i.e., the Neupert effect, in about one

334

Hard Probes and Soft Ones for Testing the Quark-Gluon Soup By Paul Preuss  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hard Probes and Soft Ones for Testing the Quark-Gluon Soup By Paul Preuss "We call short-wavelength probes 'hard'; the shorter the wavelength, the smaller the features it can resolve. For example, you can Science Division, explaining the title of the recent Second International Conference on Hard

Knowles, David William

335

Phosphorus-31 MRI of hard and soft solids using quadratic echo line-narrowing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phosphorus-31 MRI of hard and soft solids using quadratic echo line-narrowing Merideth A. Freya gradients in sync with this line-narrowing sequence offers a fresh approach to carry out MRI of hard). Extending the reach of MRI to the study of other elements, and to hard or soft solids, opens new frontiers

Haller, Gary L.

336

HARD: Hardware-Assisted Lockset-based Race Detection , Radu Teodorescu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HARD: Hardware-Assisted Lockset-based Race Detection Pin Zhou§ , Radu Teodorescu and Yuanyuan Zhou that overhead. However, all existing hard- ware proposals for race detection are based on the happens- before implementation (called HARD) of the lockset algorithm to exploit the race detection capability of this algorithm

Zhou, Yuanyuan

337

Hard Real-Time Garbage Collection on Chip Multi-Processors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hard Real-Time Garbage Collection on Chip Multi-Processors DISSERTATION submitted in partial are however not suited for use in hard real-time systems. As a failure in these systems can have catastrophic of the respective system. In the past few years, methods for garbage collection that are suitable for use in hard

338

Ductile Binder Phase For Use With Almgb14 And Other Hard Ceramic Materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to a ductile binder phase for use with AlMgB14 and other hard materials. The ductile binder phase, a cobalt-manganese alloy, is used in appropriate quantities to tailor good hardness and reasonable fracture toughness for hard materials so they can be used suitably in industrial machining and grinding applications.

Cook, Bruce A. (Ankeny, IA); Russell, Alan (Ames, IA); Harringa, Joel (Ames, IA)

2005-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

339

Hard truths: facing the hard truths about energy. Topic Paper No. 1: Coal impact  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The United States has the largest coal reserves in the world, followed by Russia and China. Coal now provides about a quarter of the energy used in the United States. The share of US energy to be supplied by coal is projected to increase modestly to 2030. Coal use worldwide exhibits the same characteristics as in the United States. The largest increase in coal use through 2030 is projected to be in China, followed by the United States and India. Coal is consumed in large quantities throughout the United States, while most production is focussed in a few states, requiring significant quantities of coal to be transported long distances. To that end US coal consumers and producers have access to the world's most comprehensive and efficient coal transportation system. The extent to which coal is able to help meet future US energy challenges will depend heavily on the performance of coal transporters. Contents are: United States coal market; supply growth; demand growth; US coal transportation infrastructure: issues and prospects; and other factors impacting supply/demand growth. 25 figs., 12 tabs., 1 app.

NONE

2007-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

340

Reactive multilayer synthesis of hard ceramic foils and films  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is method for synthesizing hard ceramic materials such as carbides, borides and aluminides, particularly in the form of coatings provided on another material so as to improve the wear and abrasion performance of machine tools, for example. Method involves the sputter deposition of alternating layers of reactive metals with layers of carbon, boron, or aluminum and the subsequent reaction of the multilayered structure to produce a dense crystalline ceramic. The material can be coated on a substrate or formed as a foil which can be coiled as a tape for later use.

Makowiecki, D.M.; Holt, J.B.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Rosenfeld functional for non-additive hard spheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The fundamental measure density functional theory for hard spheres is generalized to binary mixtures of arbitrary positive and moderate negative non-additivity between unlike components. In bulk the theory predicts fluid-fluid phase separation into phases with different chemical compositions. The location of the accompanying critical point agrees well with previous results from simulations over a broad range of non-additivities and both for symmetric and highly asymmetric size ratios. Results for partial pair correlation functions show good agreement with simulation data.

Matthias Schmidt

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Method of preparing thin porous sheets of ceramic material  

SciTech Connect

A method of forming thin porous sheets of ceramic material for use as electrodes or other components in a molten carbonate fuel cell is disclosed. The method involves spray drying a slurry of fine ceramic particles in liquid carrier to produce generally spherical agglomerates of high porosity and a rough surface texture. The ceramic particles may include the electrode catalyst and the agglomerates can be calcined to improve mechanical strength. After slurrying with suitable volatile material and binder tape casting is used to form sheets that are sufficiently strong for further processing and handling in the assembly of a high temperature fuel cell.

Swarr, Thomas E. (South Windsor, CT); Nickols, Richard C. (East Hartford, CT); Krasij, Myron (Avon, CT)

1987-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

343

Sudakov Double Logarithms Resummation in Hard Processes in Small-x Saturation Formalism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this manuscript, we present a complete study of the Sudakov double logarithms resummation for various hard processes in eA and pA collisions in the small-x saturation formalism. We first employ a couple of slightly different formalisms to perform the one-loop analysis of the Higgs boson production process in pA collisions, and demonstrate that Sudakov-type logarithms arise as the leading correction and that they can be systematically resummed in addition to the usual small-x resummation. We further study the Sudakov double logarithms for other processes such as heavy quark pair production and back-to-back dijet production in eA and pA collisions through detailed calculation of the corresponding one-loop diagrams. As the most important contribution from the one-loop correction, the Sudakov factor should play an important role in the phenomenological study of saturation physics in the pA programs at RHIC and the LHC.

A. H. Mueller; Bo-Wen Xiao; Feng Yuan

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

344

A discontinuous Galerkin method for gravity-driven viscous fingering instabilities in porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new approach to the simulation of gravity-driven viscous fingering instabilities in porous media flow. These instabilities play a very important role during carbon sequestration processes in brine aquifers. Our approach is based on a nonlinear ... Keywords: Discontinuous Galerkin method, Gravity-driven flows, Porous media flows, Viscous fingering

G. Scovazzi; A. Gerstenberger; S. S. Collis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Young's modulus evaluation by SAWs for porous silica low-k film with cesium doping  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Young's moduli of porous silica low-k films with cesium (Cs) doping are determined by surface acoustic waves (SAWs) in this study. Four low-k samples doped with 0-30ppmwt% Cs in the precursor solution are investigated to check the mechanical promotion ... Keywords: Cesium doping, Low-k film, Porous silica, Surface acoustic waves, Young's modulus

X. Xiao; X. M. Shan; Y. Kayaba; K. Kohmura; H. Tanaka; T. Kikkawa

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Behaviour of oil ganglia displaced by a surfactant solution in a porous medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L-97 Behaviour of oil ganglia displaced by a surfactant solution in a porous medium J. C. Moulu'importance relative des forces de viscosité et des forces capillaires. Abstract. 2014 The velocity of oil ganglia residual oil phase by water injection in a porous medium [1, 2]. These studies have demonstrated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

347

Parametric analysis of entropy generation in a channel filled with a porous medium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The entropy generation of a mixed convection flow in an inclined channel filled with a porous medium, is studied in the present paper. The constant flow rate is considered upward and the uniform wall heat flux is into the channel. The analytical solutions ... Keywords: differential equations, entropy generation, mixed convection, porous medium

Dalia Sabina Cimpean; Ioan Pop

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Three-dimensional midpoint displacement algorithm for the generation of fractal porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a novel method of generating fractal three-dimensional porous media geometry. The method is an extension of the two-dimensional midpoint displacement method, used to generate realistic looking terrain for graphics applications, to a third ... Keywords: Fractal, Periodic boundary conditions, Porous media generation

Jonathan Jilesen; Jim Kuo; Fue-Sang Lien

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Finite element methods for unsaturated porous solids and their application to dam engineering problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work presents a finite element formulation of equations proposed in a companion paper to describe the hyperelastic response of three-phase porous media. Attention is paid to the development of consistent tangents required by the Newton-Raphson procedure ... Keywords: Concrete dams, Hydro-mechanical coupling, Multiphase porous media, Rock mass permeability, Unilateral constraints

C. Callari; A. Abati

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Dispersion of elastic moduli in a porous-cracked rock: Theoretical predictions for squirt-flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Attenuation and dispersion of compressional waves in fluid-filled porous rocks with partial gas saturationDispersion of elastic moduli in a porous-cracked rock: Theoretical predictions for squirt-flow M Available online xxxx Keywords: Frequency dispersion Rock properties Bimodal porosity Effective medium

Fortin, Jérôme

351

A study of the spontaneous air flow through a moving porous medium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When a layer of porous material such as the felt moves with respect to the surrounding air, the induced pressure difference will drive the air through the moving porous material. In many industrial applications including the paper machine drying pocket ... Keywords: permeable felt, porus medium, spontaneous air flow

Jianyao Mou; G. Randall Straley; Xiaodong Wang

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Effect of aspect ratio on convection in a porous enclosure with partially active thermal walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of the present numerical investigation is to understand the effect of aspect ratio and partially thermally active zones on convective flow and heat transfer in a rectangular porous enclosure. Five different heating and cooling zones are considered ... Keywords: Aspect ratio, Finite volume method, Natural convection, Partial heating, Porous medium

M. Bhuvaneswari; S. Sivasankaran; Y. J. Kim

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

A perturbation solution for forced convection in a porous-saturated duct  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fully developed forced convection through a porous medium bounded by two isoflux parallel plates is investigated analytically on the basis of a Brinkman-Forchheimer model. The matched asymptotic expansion method is applied for small values of the Darcy ... Keywords: Brinkman-Forchheimer model, Forced convection, Pipe flow, Porous media

K. Hooman

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

A variational multiscale finite element method for multiphase flow in porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a stabilized finite element method for the numerical solution of multiphase flow in porous media, based on a multiscale decomposition of pressures and fluid saturations into resolved (or grid) scales and unresolved (or subgrid) scales. The ... Keywords: Conservation laws, Finite elements, Multiphase flow, Porous media, Shocks, Stabilized methods, Variational multiscale, Waterflood

Ruben Juanes

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Numerical simulation of three-phase flow in heterogeneous porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe an efficient numerical simulator, based on an operator splitting technique, for three-phase flow in heterogeneous porous media that takes into account capillary forces, general relations for the relative permeability functions and variable ... Keywords: central difference scheme, mixed finite elements, non-classical waves, operator splitting, porous media, three-phase flow

Eduardo Abreu; Frederico Furtado; Felipe Pereira

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

A variational multiscale finite element method for multiphase flow in porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a stabilized finite element method for the numerical solution of multiphase flow in porous media, based on a multiscale decomposition of pressures and fluid saturations into resolved (or grid) scales and unresolved (or subgrid) scales. The ... Keywords: conservation laws, finite elements, multiphase flow, porous media, shocks, stabilized methods, variational multiscale, waterflood

Ruben Juanes

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

An efficient S-DDM iterative approach for compressible contamination fluid flows in porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we develop an efficient splitting domain decomposition method (S-DDM) for compressible contamination fluid flows in porous media over multiple block-divided sub-domains by combining the non-overlapping domain decomposition, splitting, ... Keywords: Compressible contamination flow, Domain decomposition, Extrapolation, Non-overlapping, Porous media, Splitting

Chuanbin Du; Dong Liang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

MEASUREMENTS OF RELATIVE PERMEABILITY FOR STEAM-WATER FLOW IN POROUS MEDIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEASUREMENTS OF RELATIVE PERMEABILITY FOR STEAM-WATER FLOW IN POROUS MEDIA A REPORT SUBMITTED experimental efforts towards obtaining relative permeability for steam-water flow in a homogeneous porous computer tomography (CT) scanner. Steam fractional flow, crucial in evaluating relative permeabilities

Stanford University

359

Experimental and theoretical thermal performance of double pass solar air heater with porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A theoretical model has been developed to predict the thermal performance of double pass solar air heater with porous media. It is composed of five-coupled unsteady nonlinear partial differential equations which are solved by using numerical scheme. ... Keywords: double pass solar collector, iteration, numerical, porous media, solar radiation

M. Yahya; K. Sopian; M. Y. Theeran; M. Y. Othman; M. A. Alghoul; M. Hafidz; A. Zaharim

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Accelerating analysis of void space in porous materials on multicore and GPU platforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developing computational tools that enable discovery of new materials for energy-related applications is a challenge. Crystalline porous materials are a promising class of materials that can be used for oil refinement, hydrogen or methane storage as ... Keywords: code optimization, general purpose computation on GPUs, multicore programming, porous materials, screening, zeolites

Richard L Martin; Prabhat; David D Donofrio; James A Sethian; Maciej Haranczyk

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A Lagrangian, stochastic modeling framework for multi-phase flow in porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many of the complex physical processes relevant for compositional multi-phase flow in porous media are well understood at the pore-scale level. In order to study CO"2 storage in sub-surface formations, however, it is not feasible to perform simulations ... Keywords: Lagrangian approach, Multi-phase flow, PDF method, Porous media, Stochastic particle method

Manav Tyagi; Patrick Jenny; Ivan Lunati; Hamdi A. Tchelepi

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Hard instances for satisfiability and quasi-one-way functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give an efficient algorithm that takes as input any (probabilistic) polynomial time algorithm A which purports to solve SAT and finds, for infinitely many input lengths, SAT formulas ? and witnesses w such that A claims ? is unsatisfiable, but w is a satisfying assignment for ? (assuming NP ? ? RP). This solves an open problem posed in the work of Gutfreund, Shaltiel, and Ta-Shma (CCC 2005). Following Gutfreund et al., we also extend this to give an efficient sampling algorithm (a “quasi-hard ” sampler) which generates hard instance/witness pairs for all algorithms running in some fixed polynomial time. We ask how our sampling algorithm relates to various cryptographic notions. We show that our sampling algorithm gives a simple construction of quasi-one-way functions, a weakened notion of standard one-way functions. We also investigate the possibility of obtaining pseudorandom generators from our quasi-one-way functions and show that a large class of reductions that work in the standard setting must fail.

Andrej Bogdanov; Kunal Talwar; Andrew Wan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Graphene Enhances Li Storage Capacity of Porous Single-crystalline Silicon Nanowires  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrated that graphene significantly enhances the reversible capacity of porous silicon nanowires used as the anode in Li-ion batteries. We prepared our experimental nanomaterials, viz., graphene and porous single-crystalline silicon nanowires, respectively, using a liquid-phase graphite exfoliation method and an electroless HF/AgNO{sub 3} etching process. The Si porous nanowire/graphene electrode realized a charge capacity of 2470 mAh g{sup -1} that is much higher than the 1256 mAh g{sup -1} of porous Si nanowire/C-black electrode and 6.6 times the theoretical capacity of commercial graphite. This relatively high capacity could originate from the favorable charge-transportation characteristics of the combination of graphene with the porous Si 1D nanostructure.

Wang, X.; Han, W.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

A unified numerical framework model for simulating flow, transport, and heat transfer in porous and fractured media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fluid flow, multicomponent transport, and heat transfer in porous and fractured media,fluid flow, solute transport, and heat transfer occur in porous and fractured media.fluid flow, mass transport, and heat-transfer processes through porous and fractured media.

Wu, Yu-Shu

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Dynamic performance characterization of bound, porous silica gel desiccant  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Drying of air with silica gel is a well established procedure. However, for the specific use of silica gel in a novel desiccant air conditioning system, which continually cools the silica gel and utilizes solar energy for silica gel regeneration, conventional packed bed devices are not suitable. For this system to operate effectively the silica gel must not rise in its temperature or its capacity will be greatly diminished. Dynamic dehumidificatuion performance was investigted for a silica gel desiccant fabricated in bound, porous paper-like sheets. Sheets of various thickness (0.7 to 3 mm) were fabricated and tested under several dynamic flow conditions in a flat rectangular channel apparatus. During each experiment conditions of inlet moisture, air flowrate, and sheet temperature were maintained constant. Comparisons were also made with conventional silica gel pellets and with other forms of bound silica gel. The sheets show superior utilization of silica gel in short times (30 minutes or less). Tests were also made to examine the sheet structure in order to explore the effect of temperature on the porous structure, and to obtain pore size distributions.

Onischak, M.; Gidaspow, D.; Perkari, S.; Sasaki, T.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Hydraulic properties of adsorbed water films in unsaturated porous media  

SciTech Connect

Adsorbed water films strongly influence residual water saturations and hydraulic conductivities in porous media at low saturations. Hydraulic properties of adsorbed water films in unsaturated porous media were investigated through combining Langmuir's film model with scaling analysis, without use of any adjustable parameters. Diffuse double layer influences are predicted to be important through the strong dependence of adsorbed water film thickness (f) on matric potential ({Psi}) and ion charge (z). Film thickness, film velocity, and unsaturated hydraulic conductivity are predicted to vary with z{sup -1}, z{sup -2}, and z{sup -3}, respectively. In monodisperse granular media, the characteristic grain size ({lambda}) controls film hydraulics through {lambda}{sup -1} scaling of (1) the perimeter length per unit cross sectional area over which films occur, (2) the critical matric potential ({Psi}{sub c}) below which films control flow, and (3) the magnitude of the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity when {Psi} < {Psi}{sub c}. While it is recognized that finer textured sediments have higher unsaturated hydraulic conductivities than coarser sands at intermediate {Psi}, the {lambda}{sup -1} scaling of hydraulic conductivity predicted here extends this understanding to very low saturations where all pores are drained. Extremely low unsaturated hydraulic conductivities are predicted under adsorbed film-controlled conditions (generally < 0.1 mm y{sup -1}). On flat surfaces, the film hydraulic diffusivity is shown to be constant (invariant with respect to {Psi}).

Tokunaga, Tetsu K.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

High-resolution numerical methods for compressible multi-phase flow in hierarchical porous media. Progress report, September 1993--September 1994  

SciTech Connect

This is the second year in the proposed three-year effort to develop high-resolution numerical methods for multi-phase flow in hierarchical porous media. The issues being addressed in this research are: Computational efficiency: Field-scale simulation of enhanced oil recovery, whether for energy production or aquifer remediation, is typically highly under-resolved. This is because rock transport properties vary on many scales, and because current numerical methods have low resolution. Effective media properties: Since porous media are formed through complex geologic processes, they involve significant uncertainty and scale-dependence. Given this uncertainty, knowledge of ensemble averages of flow in porous media can be preferable to knowledge of flow in specific realizations of the reservoir. However, current models of effective properties do not represent the observed behavior very well. Relative permeability models present a good example of this problem. In practice, these models seldom provide realistic representations of hysteresis, interfacial tension effects or three-phase flow; there are no models that represent well all three effects simultaneously.

Trangenstein, J.A.

1994-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

Novel crystal phase in suspensions of hard ellipsoids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a computer simulation study on the crystalline phases of hard ellipsoids of revolution. For aspect ratios greater than or equal to 3 the previously suggested stretched-fcc phase [D. Frenkel and B. M. Mulder, Mol. Phys. 55, 1171 (1985)] is replaced by a novel crystalline phase. Its unit cell contains two ellipsoids with unequal orientations. The lattice is simple monoclinic. The angle of inclination of the lattice, beta, is a very soft degree of freedom, while the two right angles are stiff. For one particular value of beta, the close-packed version of this crystal is a specimen of the family of superdense packings recently reported [Donev et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 255506 (2004)]. These results are relevant for studies of nucleation and glassy dynamics of colloidal suspensions of ellipsoids.

Patrick Pfleiderer; Tanja Schilling

2006-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

369

Transport coefficients for dense hard-disk systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A study of the transport coefficients of a system of elastic hard disks, based on the use of Helfand-Einstein expressions is reported. The self-diffusion, the viscosity, and the heat conductivity are examined with averaging techniques especially appropriate for the use in event-driven molecular dynamics algorithms with periodic boundary conditions. The density and size dependence of the results is analyzed, and comparison with the predictions from Enskog's theory is carried out. In particular, the behavior of the transport coefficients in the vicinity of the fluid-solid transition is investigated and a striking power law divergence of the viscosity in this region is obtained, while all other examined transport coefficients show a drop in that density range.

Ramón García-Rojo; Stefan Luding; J. Javier Brey

2005-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

370

Polydispersity and optimal relaxation in the hard sphere fluid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the mass heterogeneity in a gas of polydisperse hard particles as a key to optimizing a dynamical property: the kinetic relaxation rate. Using the framework of the Boltzmann equation, we study the long time approach of a perturbed velocity distribution toward the equilibrium Maxwellian solution. We work out the cases of discrete as well as continuous distributions of masses, as found in dilute fluids of mesoscopic particles such as granular matter and colloids. On the basis of analytical and numerical evidence, we formulate a dynamical equipartition principle that leads to the result that no such continuous dispersion in fact minimizes the relaxation time, as the global optimum is characterized by a finite number of species. This optimal mixture is found to depend on the dimension d of space, ranging from five species for d=1 to a single one for d>=4. The role of the collisional kernel is also discussed, and extensions to dissipative systems are shown to be possible.

Matthieu Barbier; Emmanuel Trizac

2013-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

371

Towards hard x-ray imaging at GHz frame rate  

SciTech Connect

Gigahertz (GHz) imaging using hard x-rays ( Greater-Than-Or-Equivalent-To 10 keV) can be useful to high-temperature plasma experiments, as well as research and applications using coherent photons from synchrotron radiation and x-ray free electron lasers. GHz framing rate can be achieved by using multiple cameras through multiplexing. The advantages and trade-offs of single-photon detection mode, when no more than one x-ray photon is detected per pixel, are given. Two possible paths towards x-ray imaging at GHz frame rates using a single camera are: (a) avalanche photodiode arrays of high-Z materials and (b) microchannel plate photomultipliers in conjunction with materials with large indices of refraction.

Wang Zhehui; Morris, C. L.; Kapustinsky, J. S.; Kwiatkowski, K.; Luo, S.-N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

372

Towards hard X-ray imaging at GHz frame rate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gigahertz (GHz) imaging using hard X-rays ({approx}> 10 keV) can be useful to high-temperature plasma experiments, as well as research using coherent photons from synchrotron radiation and X-ray free electron lasers. GHz framing rate can be achieved by using multiple cameras through multiplexing. The advantages and trade-offs of single-photon detection mode, when no more than one X-ray photon is detected per pixel, are given. Two possible paths towards X-ray imaging at GHz frame rates using a single camera are (a) Avalanche photodiode arrays of high-Z materials and (b) Microchannel plate photomultipliers in conjunction with materials with large indices of refraction.

Wang, Zhehui [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morris, Christopher [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Luo, Shengnian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kwiatkowski, Kris K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kapustinsky, Jon S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

373

Apparatus and process for deposition of hard carbon films  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process and an apparatus for depositing thin, amorphous carbon films having extreme hardness on a substrate is described. An enclosed chamber maintained at less than atmospheric pressure houses the substrate and plasma producing elements. A first electrode is comprised of a cavity enclosed within an RF coil which excites the plasma. A substrate located on a second electrode is excited by radio frequency power applied to the substrate. A magnetic field confines the plasma produced by the first electrode to the area away from the walls of the chamber and focuses the plasma onto the substrate thereby yielding film deposits having higher purity and having more rapid buildup than other methods of the prior art.

Nyaiesh, Ali R. (Menlo Park, CA); Garwin, Edward L. (Los Altos, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Radiation-hard electrical coil and method for its fabrication  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radiation-hard insulated electrical coil and method for making the same are disclosed. In accordance with the method, a conductor, preferably copper, is wrapped with an aluminum strip and then tightly wound into a coil. The aluminum-wrapped coil is then annealed to relax the conductor in the coiled configuration. The annealed coil is then immersed in an alkaline solution to dissolve the aluminum strip, leaving the bare conductor in a coiled configuration with all of the windings closely packed yet uniformly spaced from one another. The coil is then insulated with a refractory insulating material. In the preferred embodiment, the coil is insulated by coating it with a vitreous enamel and subsequently potting the enamelled coil in a castable ceramic concrete. The resulting coil is substantially insensitive to radiation and may be operated continuously in high radiation environments for long periods of time.

Grieggs, R.J.; Blake, R.D.; Gac, F.D.

1982-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

375

Quantum-hard-sphere system equations of state revisited  

SciTech Connect

Analytical equations of state for boson and fermion hard-sphere fluids ranging from very low to very high densities are constructed. Such equations of state serve as a zero-order (reference) state upon which to build so-called quantum-thermodynamic-perturbation corrections in describing real but simple quantum fluids at zero temperature. The fluid branch extrapolations from the exact low-density series expansions for the energy are carried out by incorporating various physical arguments, such as close packing densities and residues. Modified London equations of state for the high-density crystalline branch agree very well with computer simulations, and at close packing with certain experimental results at high pressure. Copyright {copyright} 1996 Academic Press, Inc.

Keller, C. [Physics Department, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, South Dakota 57069 (United States); de Llano, M. [Physics Department, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota 58105 (United States); Ren, S.Z. [Physics Department, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, South Dakota 57069 (United States); Solis, M.A. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apdo. Postal 20-364, 01000 Mexico, DF. (Mexico); Baker, G.A. Jr. [Theoretical Division, University of California, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Hard and low friction nitride coatings and methods for forming the same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved coating material possessing super-hard and low friction properties and a method for forming the same. The improved coating material includes the use of a noble metal or soft metal homogeneously distributed within a hard nitride material. The addition of small amounts of such metals into nitrides such as molybdenum nitride, titanium nitride, and chromium nitride results in as much as increasing of the hardness of the material as well as decreasing the friction coefficient and increasing the oxidation resistance.

Erdemir, Ali (Naperville, IL); Urgen, Mustafa (Istanbul, TR); Cakir, Ali Fuat (Istanbul, TR); Eryilmaz, Osman Levent (Bolingbrook, IL); Kazmanli, Kursat (Istanbul, TR); Keles, Ozgul (Istanbul, TR)

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Gravity currents in a porous medium at an inclined plane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the release from a point source of relatively heavy fluid into a porous saturated medium above an impermeable slope. We consider the case where the volume of the resulting gravity current increases with time like $t^\\alpha$ and show that for $\\alpha3$, this situation is reversed with spreading occurring predominantly downslope for short times. The governing equations admit similarity solutions whose scaling behaviour we determine, with the full similarity form being evaluated by numerical computations of the governing partial differential equation. We find that the results of these analyses are in good quantitative agreement with a series of laboratory experiments. Finally, we briefly discuss the implications of our work for the sequestration of carbon dioxide in aquifers with a sloping, impermeable cap.

Vella, D; Huppert, Herbert E.; Vella, Dominic

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Centrifuge Techniques and Apparatus for Transport Experiments in Porous Media  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes experimental approaches and apparatus that we have developed to study solute and colloid transport in porous media using Idaho National Laboratory's 2-m radius centrifuge. The ex-perimental techniques include water flux scaling with applied acceleration at the top of the column and sub-atmospheric pressure control at the column base, automation of data collection, and remote experimental con-trol over the internet. These apparatus include a constant displacement piston pump, a custom designed liquid fraction collector based on switching valve technology, and modified moisture monitoring equipment. Suc-cessful development of these experimental techniques and equipment is illustrated through application to transport of a conservative tracer through unsaturated sand column, with centrifugal acceleration up to 40 gs. Development of such experimental equipment that can withstand high accelerations enhances the centrifuge technique to conduct highly controlled unsaturated solute/colloid transport experiments and allows in-flight liquid sample collection of the effluent.

Earl D. Mattson; Carl D. Paler; Robert W. Smith; Markus Flury

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Fuel cell with interdigitated porous flow-field  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell is formed with an improved system for distributing gaseous reactants to the membrane surface. A PEM fuel cell has an ionic transport membrane with opposed catalytic surfaces formed thereon and separates gaseous reactants that undergo reactions at the catalytic surfaces of the membrane. The fuel cell may also include a thin gas diffusion layer having first and second sides with a first side contacting at least one of the catalytic surfaces. A macroporous flow-field with interdigitated inlet and outlet reactant channels contacts the second side of the thin gas diffusion layer for distributing one of the gaseous reactants over the thin gas diffusion layer for transport to an adjacent one of the catalytic surfaces of the membrane. The porous flow field may be formed from a hydrophilic material and provides uniform support across the backside of the electrode assembly to facilitate the use of thin backing layers.

Wilson, Mahlon S. (Los Alamos, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Cracking Condition of Cohesionless Porous Materials in Drying Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The invasion of air into porous systems in drying processes is often localized in soft materials, such as colloidal suspensions and granular pastes, and it typically develops in the form of cracks before ordinary drying begins. To investigate such processes, we construct an invasion percolation model on a deformable lattice for cohesionless elastic systems, and with this model we derive the condition under which cracking occurs. A Griffith-like condition characterized by a dimensionless parameter is proposed, and its validity is checked numerically. This condition indicates that the ease with which cracking occurs increases as the particles composing the material become smaller, as the rigidity of the system increases, and as the degree of heterogeneity characterizing the drying processes decreases.

So Kitsunezaki

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

On the transport of emulsions in porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emulsions appear in many subsurface applications includingbioremediation, surfactant-enhanced remediation, and enhancedoil-recovery. Modeling emulsion transport in porous media is particularlychallenging because the rheological and physical properties of emulsionsare different from averages of the components. Current modelingapproaches are based on filtration theories, which are not suited toadequately address the pore-scale permeability fluctuations and reductionof absolute permeability that are often encountered during emulsiontransport. In this communication, we introduce a continuous time randomwalk based alternative approach that captures these unique features ofemulsion transport. Calculations based on the proposed approach resultedin excellent match with experimental observations of emulsionbreakthrough from the literature. Specifically, the new approach explainsthe slow late-time tailing behavior that could not be fitted using thestandard approach. The theory presented in this paper also provides animportant stepping stone toward a generalizedself-consistent modeling ofmultiphase flow.

Cortis, Andrea; Ghezzehei, Teamrat A.

2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

382

Simulation of a Heat Transfer in Porous Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We are motivated to model a heat transfer to a multiple layer regime and their optimization for heat energy resources. Such a problem can be modeled by a porous media with different phases (liquid and solid). The idea arose of a geothermal energy reservoir which can be used by cities, e.g. Berlin. While hot ground areas are covered to most high populated cites, the energy resources are important and a shift to use such resources are enormous. We design a model of the heat transport via the flow of water through the heterogeneous layer of the underlying earth sediments. We discuss a multiple layer model, based on mobile and immobile zones. Such numerical simulations help to economize on expensive physical experiments and obtain control mechanisms for the delicate heating process.

Juergen Geiser

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

383

Hard-X-Ray Optics Development at Marshall Space Flight Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the current status of the development of hard-X-ray optics using nickel replication at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center.

Brian D. Ramsey; Martin C. Weisskopf

2004-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

384

Depletion and harvesting thermal energy from actuator arm electronics in hard disk drives.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In recent years, thermally assistive magnetic recording (TAMR) has been applied on actuator arm electronics (AE) in hard disk drive (HDD). When HDD operates, temperature… (more)

Wu, Di

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

U-10: Mechanical Properties of WC-10wt.%Co Hard Materials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Co hard materials were densified using an ultra fine WC–Co powder. ... High- Performance Electrochemical Capacitors Based on Nanocomposites of Transition ...

386

Hard or Soft? Institutional Reforms and Infrastructure Spending as Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Soft? Institutional Reforms and Infrastructure Spending aswe examine whether hard infrastructure in the form of moreand railroads or soft infrastructure in the form of more

Fung, K. C.; Garcia-Herrero, Alicia; Iizaka, Hitomi; Siu, Alan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Lattice-based Algorithms for Number Partitioning in the Hard Phase  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 15, 2008 ... Lattice-based Algorithms for Number Partitioning in the Hard Phase. Bala Krishnamoorthy (bkrishna ***at*** math.wsu.edu) William Webb ...

388

In vitro digestibility of starch in sorghum differing in endosperm hardness and flour particle size.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In vitro digestibility of starch in sorghum grains differing in endosperm hardness and flour particle size was assayed by an Englyst resistant starch (RS) method.… (more)

Xu, Xiaoli

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Conductive porous scaffolds as potential neural interface materials.  

SciTech Connect

Our overall intent is to develop improved prosthetic devices with the use of nerve interfaces through which transected nerves may grow, such that small groups of nerve fibers come into close contact with electrode sites, each of which is connected to electronics external to the interface. These interfaces must be physically structured to allow nerve fibers to grow through them, either by being porous or by including specific channels for the axons. They must be mechanically compatible with nerves such that they promote growth and do not harm the nervous system, and biocompatible to promote nerve fiber growth and to allow close integration with biological tissue. They must exhibit selective and structured conductivity to allow the connection of electrode sites with external circuitry, and electrical properties must be tuned to enable the transmission of neural signals. Finally, the interfaces must be capable of being physically connected to external circuitry, e.g. through attached wires. We have utilized electrospinning as a tool to create conductive, porous networks of non-woven biocompatible fibers in order to meet the materials requirements for the neural interface. The biocompatible fibers were based on the known biocompatible material poly(dimethyl siloxane) (PDMS) as well as a newer biomaterial developed in our laboratories, poly(butylene fumarate) (PBF). Both of the polymers cannot be electrospun using conventional electrospinning techniques due to their low glass transition temperatures, so in situ crosslinking methodologies were developed to facilitate micro- and nano-fiber formation during electrospinning. The conductivity of the electrospun fiber mats was controlled by controlling the loading with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs). Fabrication, electrical and materials characterization will be discussed along with initial in vivo experimental results.

Hedberg-Dirk, Elizabeth L.; Cicotte, Kirsten N.; Buerger, Stephen P.; Reece, Gregory; Dirk, Shawn M.; Lin, Patrick P.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Ultra Light Metallic Armor (ULMA)- Magnesium Hard Alloys as the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optimization of these aspects of materials production, as well as joining and high strain rate testing, are being carried out in partnership with the Edison Welding ...

391

Effect of granular porous media on the composting of swine manure  

SciTech Connect

This study investigated the feasibility of a bulking agent of granular porous media (GPM) for the composting of swine manure. Two lab-scale composting reactors were operated to evaluate the general performances and maturity parameters using GPM made of wastes from the Portland cement manufacturing processes as an alternative bulking agent. The overall volatile solid (VS) removal was 38.5% (dry basis). During the experiments, moisture content ranged between 41% and 53%, ensuring feasibility of microbial activity in composting. Cured compost showed proper maturity and low phytotoxicity, despite the slight decreases of CO{sub 2} production and VS removal at the second batch operation. Various physico-chemical parameters of the cured compost met the regulatory standards reported elsewhere. The pH, carbon-to-nitrogen ratio, ammonia nitrogen and soluble organic carbon (SOC) of the cured compost were significantly correlated to the germination index (GI) using the seeds of Chinese cabbage and lettuce, indicating the progressive biodegradation of phytotoxins as well as organic matter. Consequently, the results obtained in this study demonstrate that GPM could contribute to the environmentally friendly and economical composting of problematic swine manure as a recyclable bulking agent.

Kim, Ku-Yong; Kim, Hyun-Woo [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 373-1 Guseong-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Han, Sun-Kee [Department of Environmental Health, Korea National Open University, 169 Dongsung-dong, Jongno-gu, Seoul 110-791 (Korea, Republic of); Hwang, Eung-Ju [Department of Environmental Engineering, Daegu University, Jinryang, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 712-714 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Chae-Young [Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Suwon, San 2-2, Wau-ri, Bongdam-eup, Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do 445-743 (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Hang-Sik [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 373-1 Guseong-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: hangshin@kaist.ac.kr

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

392

IMPACT OF COMPOSITION AND HEAT TREATMENT ON PORE SIZE IN POROUS WALLED HOLLOW GLASS MICROSPHERES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) developed a new geometric form: hollow glass microspheres (HGMs), with unique porous walls. The new geometric form combines the existing technology of HGMs with basic glass science knowledge in the realm of glass-in-glass phase separation. Conceptually, the development of a HGM with porous walls (referred to as a PWHGM) provides a unique system in which various media or filling agents can be incorporated into the PWHGM (via transport through the porous walls) and ultimately has the capacity to serve as a functional delivery system in various industrial applications. Applications of these types of systems could range from hydrogen storage, molecular sieves, drug and bioactive delivery systems, to environmental, chemical and biological indicators, relevant to Energy, Environmental Processing and Homeland Security fields. As a specific example, previous studies at SRNL have introduced materials capable of hydrogen storage (as well as other materials) into the interior of the PWHGMs. The goal of this project was to determine if the microstructure (i.e., pore size and pore size distribution) of a PWHGM could be altered or tailored by varying composition and/or heat treatment (time and/or temperature) conditions. The ability to tailor the microstructure through composition or heat treatments could provide the opportunity to design the PWHGM system to accommodate different additives or fill agents. To meet this objective, HGMs of various alkali borosilicate compositions were fabricated using a flame forming apparatus installed at the Aiken County Technical Laboratory (ACTL). HGMs were treated under various heat treatment conditions to induce and/or enhance glass in glass phase separation. Heat treatment temperatures ranged from 580 C to 620 C, while heat treatment times were either 8 or 24 hours. Of the two primary variables assessed in this study, heat treatment temperature was determined to be most effective in changing the porosity of PWHGMs. Pore diameter in a non-heat treated baseline sample is approximately 100 {angstrom} and with heat treatment at 600 C for 8 hours, the diameter is approximately 1000 {angstrom}; an increase of a factor of 10. The results of this study also indicate significant microstructural differences with only a 20 C difference in heat treatment temperature (580 C and 600 C) for constant times. The microstructural changes observed via electron microscopy as a function of heat treatment temperature were confirmed by mercury porosimetry measurements, where considerable increases in pore volume were measured. Under constant heat treatment conditions, composition may impose a secondary effect on the resulting microstructure as micrographs indicate variations in the degree of porosity. Although microstructural differences were observed among the compositions assessed, the magnitude of the impact (i.e., difference in pore size or pore volume) appears to be smaller than that associated with heat treatment temperature. With respect to heat treatment time, the results suggest that the change in the degree of porosity is minimal for samples heat treated between 8 and 24 hours (it should be noted that the assessment of the impact of time on the resulting microstructure was limited to two compositions). The minimal impact of heat treatment time (on the two glasses evaluated) was confirmed by mercury porosimetry measurements indicating that there was a very slight shift in pore diameter and very little increase in pore volume in the baseline sample. Another important parameter, which will need to be considered under manufacturing or operational conditions, is the yield of the HGM and/or PWHGM and the characteristics of the final product (i.e., not only microstructure characteristics, but perhaps strength of the PWHGM for use under certain applications). In this report, yield is defined as the percentage of feed material converted to HGMs or the percentage of HGMs converted to PWHGMs. The yield of HGM formation was found to be a strong function of composition. As the S

Raszewski, F; Erich Hansen, E; Ray Schumacher, R; David Peeler, D

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

393

Composite Pd and Pd Alloy Porous Stainless Steel Membranes for Hydrogen Production and Process Intensification  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The synthesis of composite Pd membranes has been modified by the addition of a Al(OH){sub 3} graded layer and sequential annealing at high temperatures to obtain membranes with high permeance and outstanding selectivity stability for over 4000 hours at 450°C. Most of the membranes achieved in this work showed H{sub 2} flux well above 2010 DOE targets and in some case, also above 2015 DOE targets. Similar composite membranes were tested in water gas shift reaction atmospheres and showed to be stable with high CO conversion and high hydrogen recovery for over 1000 hours. The H{sub 2} permeance of composite Pd-Au membranes was studied as well as its resistance in H{sub 2}S containing atmospheres. H{sub 2}S poisoning of Pd-based membranes was reduced by the addition of Au and the loss undergone by membranes was found to be almost totally recoverable with 10-30 wt%Au. PSA technique was studied to test the possibility of H{sub 2}S and COS removal from feed stream with limited success since the removal of H{sub 2}S also led to the removal of a large fraction of the CO{sub 2}. The economics of a WGS bundle reactor, using the information of the membranes fabricated under this project and integrated into an IGCC plant were studied based on a 2D reactor modeling. The calculations showed that without a government incentive to impose a CO{sub 2} tax, application of WGS membrane reactors in IGCC would be not as economically attractive as regular pulverized coal plants.

Yi Hua Ma; Nikolaos Kazantzis; Ivan Mardilovich; Federico Guazzone; Alexander Augustine; Reyyan Koc

2011-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

394

Syngas production from heavy liquid fuel reforming in inert porous media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the low H2 density is the movement: the power required to pump hydrogen is around 4.5 times higher than for natural gas per unit of delivered energy [17]. Hydrogen can be stored on-board a vehicle as a compressed gas, as a liquid in cryogenic containers... and the transportation system are mainly based on the combustion of fossil fuels, generally defined as oil, coal and natural gas, as shown in Fig. 1.1. There are several issues to be considered about fossil fuel consumption. First of all, the greenhouse gas emission, due...

Pastore, Andrea

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

395

Laboratory investigations of steam pressure-transient behavior in porous materials  

SciTech Connect

Transient flow of noncondensable gas in porous materials has been thoroughly investigated, and good agreement between the gas-flow equation and experiments has been reported in the petroleum-engineering literature. This theory has been widely used in computer simulations of pressure-transient behavior in vapor-dominated geothermal steam reservoirs. However, few laboratory experiments involving steam flow in porous materials have been reported. In order to test the applicability of the gas-flow theory to steam flow, they developed a laboratory system to investigate the transient flow of steam through unconsolidated porous materials. Pressure-transient experiments were carried out by imposing a step change in gas pressure at one end of a cylinder of porous material, and measuring the pressure as a function of time at the other end.

Herkelrath, W.N.; Moench, A.F.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Optimal Porosity Distribution for Minimized Ohmic Drop across a Porous Electrode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper considers the design of spatially varying porosity profiles in next-generation electrodes based on simultaneous optimization of a porous-electrode model. Model-based optimal design (not including the solid-phase ...

Braatz, Richard D.

397

Process for forming a porous silicon member in a crystalline silicon member  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Fabrication and use of porous silicon structures to increase surface area of heated reaction chambers, electrophoresis devices, and thermopneumatic sensor-actuators, chemical preconcentrates, and filtering or control flow devices. In particular, such high surface area or specific pore size porous silicon structures will be useful in significantly augmenting the adsorption, vaporization, desorption, condensation and flow of liquids and gasses in applications that use such processes on a miniature scale. Examples that will benefit from a high surface area, porous silicon structure include sample preconcentrators that are designed to adsorb and subsequently desorb specific chemical species from a sample background; chemical reaction chambers with enhanced surface reaction rates; and sensor-actuator chamber devices with increased pressure for thermopneumatic actuation of integrated membranes. Examples that benefit from specific pore sized porous silicon are chemical/biological filters and thermally-activated flow devices with active or adjacent surfaces such as electrodes or heaters.

Northrup, M. Allen (Berkeley, CA); Yu, Conrad M. (Antioch, CA); Raley, Norman F. (Danville, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Transport and seismoelectric properties of porous permeable rock : numerical modeling and laboratory measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this thesis is to better understand the transport and seismoelectric (SE) properties of porous permeable rock. Accurate information of rock transport properties, together with pore geometry, can aid us to ...

Zhan, Xin, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Influence of Solid-Liquid-Liquid Interactions on Multiphase Transport Behavior in Porous Media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The flow of oil, water and gas in the complex network of paths in petroleum reservoir rocks constitutes probably the most complex embodiment of interfacial interactions and their consequences on multiphase transport behavior in porous media. The fact ...

Dandina N. Rao; Subhash C. Ayirala

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Manipulation of surface chemistry and nanostructure in porous silicon-based chemical sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Miskelly, G. M. The effect of chlorine and hydrogen chloride4.4.5 Exposure of Porous Si to Chlorine Gas……………………………..151after exposure to chlorine gas for 30 minutes………………………………….

Ruminski, Anne Marie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Convection in a porous medium and mimetic scheme in polar coordinates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analytical investigation of natural convection of the incompressible fluid in the porous media based on the Darcy hypothesis (Lapwood convection) gives intriguing branching off of one-parameter family of convective patterns. This scenario may be suppressed ...

Bülent Karasözen; Anastasia Trofimova; Vyacheslav Tsybulin

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical Processes in Porous Media: Benchmarks and Examples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The book comprises an assembly of benchmarks and examples for porous media mechanics collected over the last twenty years. Analysis of thermo-hydro-mechanical-chemical (THMC) processes is essential to many applications in environmental engineering, such ...

Olaf Kolditz; Uwe-Jens Grke; Hua Shao; Wenqing Wang

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

A new concept in an electrically rechargeable zinc-air alkaline battery. [Porous electrodes  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a new idea for zinc-air battery design. The novel idea is a porous zinc electrode surrounded with a supersaturated zincate solution. 3 figs. (JDH)

Ross, P.N.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Method and apparatus for micromachining using hard X-rays  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An X-ray source such as a synchrotron which provides a significant spectral content of hard X-rays is used to expose relatively thick photoresist such that the portions of the photoresist at an exit surface receive at least a threshold dose sufficient to render the photoresist susceptible to a developer, while the entrance surface of the photoresist receives an exposure which does not exceed a power limit at which destructive disruption of the photoresist would occur. The X-ray beam is spectrally shaped to substantially eliminate lower energy photons while allowing a substantial flux of higher energy photons to pass through to the photoresist target. Filters and the substrate of the X-ray mask may be used to spectrally shape the X-ray beam. Machining of photoresists such as polymethylmethacrylate to micron tolerances may be obtained to depths of several centimeters, and multiple targets may be exposed simultaneously. The photoresist target may be rotated and/or translated in the beam to form solids of rotation and other complex three-dimensional structures.

Siddons, David Peter (Shoreham, NY); Johnson, Erik D. (Ridge, NY); Guckel, Henry (Madison, WI); Klein, Jonathan L. (Madison, WI)

1997-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

405

Method and apparatus for micromachining using hard X-rays  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An X-ray source such as a synchrotron which provides a significant spectral content of hard X-rays is used to expose relatively thick photoresist such that the portions of the photoresist at an exit surface receive at least a threshold dose sufficient to render the photoresist susceptible to a developer, while the entrance surface of the photoresist receives an exposure which does not exceed a power limit at which destructive disruption of the photoresist would occur. The X-ray beam is spectrally shaped to substantially eliminate lower energy photons while allowing a substantial flux of higher energy photons to pass through to the photoresist target. Filters and the substrate of the X-ray mask may be used to spectrally shape the X-ray beam. Machining of photoresists such as polymethylmethacrylate to micron tolerances may be obtained to depths of several centimeters, and multiple targets may be exposed simultaneously. The photoresist target may be rotated and/or translated in the beam to form solids of rotation and other complex three-dimensional structures. 21 figs.

Siddons, D.P.; Johnson, E.D.; Guckel, H.; Klein, J.L.

1997-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

406

Stable and metastable hard sphere crystals in Fundamental Measure Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using fully minimized fundamental measure functionals, we investigate free energies, vacancy concentrations and density distributions for bcc, fcc and hcp hard-sphere crystals. Results are complemented by an approach due to Stillinger which is based on expanding the crystal partition function in terms of the number n of free particles while the remaining particles are frozen at their ideal lattice positions. The free energies of fcc/hcp and one branch of bcc agree well with Stillinger's approach truncated at n=2. A second branch of bcc solutions features rather spread-out density distributions around lattice sites and large equilibrium vacancy concentrations and is presumably linked to the shear instability of the bcc phase. Within fundamental measure theory and the Stillinger approach (n=2), hcp is more stable than fcc by a free energy per particle of about 0.001 k_{B}T. In previous simulation work, the reverse situation has been found which can be rationalized in terms of effects due to a correlated motion of at least 5 particles in the Stillinger picture.

Mohammad Hossein Yamani; Martin Oettel

2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

407

Refractive Optics for Hard X-ray Transmission Microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For hard x-ray transmission microscopy at photon energies higher than 15 keV we design refractive condenser and imaging elements to be used with synchrotron light sources as well as with x-ray tube sources. The condenser lenses are optimized for low x-ray attenuation--resulting in apertures greater than 1 mm--and homogeneous intensity distribution on the detector plane, whereas the imaging enables high-resolution (condenser and imaging lenses are being developed. The imaging lenses (compound refractive lenses, CRLs) are made of SU-8 negative resist by deep x-ray lithography. SU-8 shows high radiation stability. The fabrication technique enables high-quality lens structures regarding surface roughness and arrangement precision with arbitrary 2D geometry. To provide point foci, crossed pairs of lenses are used. Condenser lenses have been made utilizing deep x-ray lithographic patterning of thick SU-8 layers, too, whereas in this case, the aperture is limited due to process restrictions. Thus, in terms of large apertures, condenser lenses made of structured and rolled polyimide film are more attractive. Both condenser types, x-ray mosaic lenses and rolled x-ray prism lenses (RXPLs), are considered to be implemented into a microscope setup. The x-ray optical elements mentioned above are characterized with synchrotron radiation and x-ray laboratory sources, respectively.

Simon, M.; Last, A.; Mohr, J.; Nazmov, V.; Reznikova, E. [Institute for Microstructure Technology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Kaiserstrasse 12, 76131 Karlsruhe (Germany); Ahrens, G.; Voigt, A. [Microresist Technology, Koepenikerstrasse 325, 12555 Berlin (Germany)

2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

408

Photoinitiated grafting of porous polymer monoliths and thermoplastic polymers for microfluidic devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microfluidic device preferably made of a thermoplastic polymer that includes a channel or a multiplicity of channels whose surfaces are modified by photografting. The device further includes a porous polymer monolith prepared via UV initiated polymerization within the channel, and functionalization of the pore surface of the monolith using photografting. Processes for making such surface modifications of thermoplastic polymers and porous polymer monoliths are set forth.

Frechet, Jean M. J. (Oakland, CA); Svec, Frantisek (Alameda, CA); Rohr, Thomas (Leiden, NL)

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

409

Electronically and ionically conductive porous material and method for manufacture of resin wafers therefrom  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrically and ionically conductive porous material including a thermoplastic binder and one or more of anion exchange moieties or cation exchange moieties or mixtures thereof and/or one or more of a protein capture resin and an electrically conductive material. The thermoplastic binder immobilizes the moieties with respect to each other but does not substantially coat the moieties and forms the electrically conductive porous material. A wafer of the material and a method of making the material and wafer are disclosed.

Lin, YuPo J. (Naperville, IL); Henry, Michael P. (Batavia, IL); Snyder, Seth W. (Lincolnwood, IL)

2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

410

Direct pore-level modeling of incompressible fluid flow in porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a dynamic particle-based model for direct pore-level modeling of incompressible viscous fluid flow in disordered porous media. The model is capable of simulating flow directly in three-dimensional high-resolution micro-CT images of rock samples. ... Keywords: Incompressible fluid flow, Micro-CT X-ray imaging, Moving particle semi-implicit, Particle-based methods, Porous media

Saeed Ovaysi; Mohammad Piri

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Hardware support for WCET analysis of hard real-time multicore systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing demand for new functionalities in current and future hard real-time embedded systems like automotive, avionics and space industries is driving an increase in the performance required in embedded processors. Multicore processors represent ... Keywords: analyzability, cache partitioning, hard real-time, interconnection network, multicore, real-time embedded systems, wcet

Marco Paolieri; Eduardo Quiñones; Francisco J. Cazorla; Guillem Bernat; Mateo Valero

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

No Evidence of Gas-Liquid Coexistence in Dipolar Hard Spheres Lorenzo Rovigatti and John Russo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No Evidence of Gas-Liquid Coexistence in Dipolar Hard Spheres Lorenzo Rovigatti and John Russo separation between a dilute gas of chain ends and a high-density liquid of chain junctions has been predicted of the model (a point dipole at the center of a hard sphere) contrasting opinions exist about its putative gas-liquid

Sciortino, Francesco

413

Brief paper: Multi-frequency disturbance rejection via blending control technique for hard disk drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with the rejection of multiple narrowband disturbances in hard disk drives (HDDs). Inspired by a control blending idea, the multi-frequency disturbance rejection is formulated as a blending control problem. Each disturbance rejection ... Keywords: Blending control, H2 control, Hard disk drives, Servo control, Vibration rejection

Chunling Du; Lihua Xie; F. L. Lewis; Youyi Wang

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Radiation-Hard Quartz Cerenkov Calorimeters U. Akgun and Y. Onel (for CMS Collaboration)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiation-Hard Quartz Cerenkov Calorimeters U. Akgun and Y. Onel (for CMS Collaboration) Department identified as a radiation-hard material that can be used for Cerenkov calorimeters of the future experiments as the characteristics of the quartz fiber and plate Cerenkov calorimeters that have been built, designed, and proposed

Akgun, Ugur

415

Xcel Energy - Residential and Hard-to-Reach Standard Offer Program...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Residential: 278kW and 0.095kWh Hard-to-Reach: 400kW and 0.11kWh The Residential and Hard-to-Reach Standard Offer...

416

A Framework for Effectively Integrating Hard and Soft Syntactic Rules into Phrase Based Translation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

part of training data using the SRI Language Modeling Toolkit (Stolcke, 2002). In order to acquire average 4.18 586 #12;hard rules are acquired from each test sentence, while 17.08 soft rules in averageA Framework for Effectively Integrating Hard and Soft Syntactic Rules into Phrase Based Translation

417

Forcing neurocontrollers to exploit sensory symmetry through hard-wired modularity in the game of Cellz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forcing neurocontrollers to exploit sensory symmetry through hard-wired modularity in the game the benefits of different types of modularity by hard-wiring these into evolvable systems. In this paper we to the phenomenon that the interconnection of unrelated parts of a neural network in itself can hamper evolution

Lucas, Simon M.

418

Bidders with Hard Valuation Problems Kate Larson KLARSON@CS.CMU.EDU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bidders with Hard Valuation Problems Kate Larson KLARSON@CS.CMU.EDU Tuomas Sandholm SANDHOLM. After time D the agent must stop. This is exactly the situation where agents have hard deadlines. Since i(t) be the set i(t) = {i(t)|t = n i=1 ti}. As mentioned earlier, the descriptive part

Chen, Yiling

419

Micro/Macro and Soft/Hard: Diverging and Converging Issues in the Physical and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 Micro/Macro and Soft/Hard: Diverging and Converging Issues in the Physical and Social Sciences 1 explanation. However, a nation, a region, a city, a village, or a neighborhood will hardly be able LEVELS OR WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE? In every living thing what we call the parts is so inseparable from

von Storch, Hans

420

Experimental studies of the flow of concentrated hard sphere suspensions into a constriction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimental studies of the flow of concentrated hard sphere suspensions into a constriction L Isa1 driven flow of dense suspensions of micron­ sized hard spheres into glass capillaries. The first one the presence of "particles" (blood cells) is taken into account, the scenario acquires more complexity

Weeks, Eric R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The Synchronous Boltzmann Machine for learning and hard-combinatoric search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Synchronous Boltzmann Machine for learning and hard-combinatoric search Ursula X. Iturrarán that part of the theory related to energy minimisation only permits one unit at a time to update its state Boltzmann machine is in hard combinatoric search. The main difficulty is that, for a given search problem

Jones, Antonia J.

422

Exploring electronic structure through high-resolution hard x-ray  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Exploring electronic structure through high-resolution hard x-ray Exploring electronic structure through high-resolution hard x-ray spectroscopies Tuesday, July 23, 2013 - 11:00am SLAC, Conference Room 137-322 Presented by Dimosthenis Sokaras, Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory Modern high brilliance beamlines coupled with recent advances in hard-x-ray optics are establishing high-resolution hard x-ray spectroscopies as a powerful analytical tool for routine electronic structure investigations. Their advantageous characteristics like the chemical sensitivity or the hard x-rays penetration depth, that permits the implementation of difficult sample environments, expand the applicability of the relevant studies to multidisciplinary scientific fields. Simultaneously, the experimental

423

HEAVY AND THERMAL OIL RECOVERY PRODUCTION MECHANISMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical progress report describes work performed from April 1 through June 30, 2002, for the project ''Heavy and Thermal Oil Recovery Production Mechanisms.'' We investigate a broad spectrum of topics related to thermal and heavy-oil recovery. Significant results were obtained in the areas of multiphase flow and rock properties, hot-fluid injection, improved primary heavy oil recovery, and reservoir definition. The research tools and techniques used are varied and span from pore-level imaging of multiphase fluid flow to definition of reservoir-scale features through streamline-based history-matching techniques. Briefly, experiments were conducted to image at the pore level matrix-to-fracture production of oil from a fractured porous medium. This project is ongoing. A simulation studied was completed in the area of recovery processes during steam injection into fractured porous media. We continued to study experimentally heavy-oil production mechanisms from relatively low permeability rocks under conditions of high pressure and high temperature. High temperature significantly increased oil recovery rate and decreased residual oil saturation. Also in the area of imaging production processes in laboratory-scale cores, we use CT to study the process of gas-phase formation during solution gas drive in viscous oils. Results from recent experiments are reported here. Finally, a project was completed that uses the producing water-oil ratio to define reservoir heterogeneity and integrate production history into a reservoir model using streamline properties.

Anthony R. Kovscek

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Job Security and Productivity: Evidence From William Leung  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Job Security and Productivity: Evidence From Academics William Leung Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley May 3, 2009 Abstract: How does job security influence productivity? I efficiency, it is important to know what institutions motivate workers to work hard. Job security is a topic

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

425

Nanopatterned ferroelectrics for ultrahigh density rad-hard nonvolatile memories.  

SciTech Connect

Radiation hard nonvolatile random access memory (NVRAM) is a crucial component for DOE and DOD surveillance and defense applications. NVRAMs based upon ferroelectric materials (also known as FERAMs) are proven to work in radiation-rich environments and inherently require less power than many other NVRAM technologies. However, fabrication and integration challenges have led to state-of-the-art FERAMs still being fabricated using a 130nm process while competing phase-change memory (PRAM) has been demonstrated with a 20nm process. Use of block copolymer lithography is a promising approach to patterning at the sub-32nm scale, but is currently limited to self-assembly directly on Si or SiO{sub 2} layers. Successful integration of ferroelectrics with discrete and addressable features of {approx}15-20nm would represent a 100-fold improvement in areal memory density and would enable more highly integrated electronic devices required for systems advances. Towards this end, we have developed a technique that allows us to carry out block copolymer self-assembly directly on a huge variety of different materials and have investigated the fabrication, integration, and characterization of electroceramic materials - primarily focused on solution-derived ferroelectrics - with discrete features of {approx}20nm and below. Significant challenges remain before such techniques will be capable of fabricating fully integrated NVRAM devices, but the tools developed for this effort are already finding broader use. This report introduces the nanopatterned NVRAM device concept as a mechanism for motivating the subsequent studies, but the bulk of the document will focus on the platform and technology development.

Brennecka, Geoffrey L.; Stevens, Jeffrey; Scrymgeour, David; Gin, Aaron V.; Tuttle, Bruce Andrew

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Hydrogen Isotope Exchange Properties of Porous Solids Containing Hydrogen  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Porous solids such as activated alumina, silica and molecular sieves generally contain significant amounts of hydrogen atoms in the form of H2O or OH even at high temperature and low humidity environment. A significant amount of this hydrogen is available for reversible isotopic exchange. This exchange reaction is slow under normal conditions and does not render itself to practical applications. But if the exchange kinetics is improved this reaction has the potential to be used for tritium removal from gas streams or for hydrogen isotopic separation.The use of catalysts to improve the exchange kinetics between hydrogen isotope in the gas phase and that in the solid phase was investigated. Granules of alumina, silica and molecular sieve were coated with platinum or palladium as the catalyst. The granules were packed in a 2-cm diameter column for isotope exchange tests. Gas streams containing different concentrations of deuterium in nitrogen or argon were fed through the protium saturated column. Isotope concentration in column effluent was monitored to generate isotope break-through curves. The curves were analyzed to produce information on the kinetics and capacity of the material. The results showed that all materials tested provided some extent of isotope exchange but some were superior both in kinetics and capacity. This paper will present the test results.

HEUNG, LEUNGK.

2004-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

427

Oil displacement through a porous medium with a temperature gradient  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the effect of a temperature gradient on oil recovery in a two-dimensional pore-network model. The oil viscosity depends on temperature as, $\\mu_o=exp(B/T)$, where $B$ is a physico-chemical parameter depending on the type of oil, and $T$ is the temperature. A temperature gradient is applied across the medium in the flow direction. Initially, the porous medium is saturated with oil and, then, another fluid is injected. We have considered two cases representing different injection strategies. In the first case, the invading fluid viscosity is constant (finite viscosity ratio) while in the second one, the invading fluid is inviscid (infinite viscosity ratio). Our results show that, for the case of finite viscosity ratio, recovery increases with $\\Delta T$ independently on strength or sign of the gradient. For an infinite viscosity ratio, a positive temperature gradient is necessary to enhance recovery. Moreover, we show that, for $\\Delta T>0$, the percentage of oil recovery generally decreases (inc...

Oliveira, C L N; Herrmann, H J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Modeling of thermal transport properties of multiphase porous materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work presents a numerical framework for modeling thermal transport properties of multiphase porous materials with complex internal microstructures. The framework includes two steps. First, a random generation-growth algorithm is highlighted for reproducing multiphase microstructures, statistically equivalent to the actual systems, based on the geometrical and morphological information obtained from measurements and experimental estimations. Then a high-efficiency lattice Boltzmann solver for the corresponding governing equations is described, which, while assuring energy conservation and appropriate continuities at the interfaces in a complex system, has demonstrated its numerical power in yielding accurate solutions. Various applications are provided to validate the feasibility, effectiveness and robustness of this new framework by comparing the predictions with existing experimental data for different transport processes, accounting for the effects due to internal morphology, microstructural anisotropy, and multi phase interactions. The examples given also suggest potential applicability of this methodology to other problems as long as they are governed by similar partial differential equation(s). Thus, for given composition and structure, this numerical methodology is in essence a model built on sound physics principles with prior validity, without resorting to any ad hoc empirical treatment. Therefore, it is useful for design and optimization of new materials, beyond just predicting and analyzing the existing ones.

Wang, Moran [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kang, Qinjun [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Robinson, Bruce [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ning, Pan [UC DAVIS

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Glass Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

40, pp. 162 - 186. Glass Production, Shortland, UEE 2009AINES Short Citation: Shortland 2009, Glass Production. UEE.Andrew, 2009, Glass Production. In Willeke Wendrich (ed. ),

Shortland, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Production Targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hall (2005), “Prices, Production, and Inventories over theProduction Targets ? Guillermo Caruana CEMFI caruana@cem?.esthe theory using monthly production targets of the Big Three

Caruana, Guillermo; Einav, Liran

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Pottery Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paul T. Nicholson. ) Pottery Production, Nicholson, UEE 2009Short Citation: Nicholson 2009, Pottery Production. UEE.Paul T. , 2009, Pottery Production. In Willeke Wendrich (

Nicholson, Paul T.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Cordage Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

294: fig. 15-3). Cordage Production, Veldmeijer, UEE 2009Short Citation: Veldmeijer, 2009, Cordage Production. UEE.André J. , 2009, Cordage Production. In Willeke Wendrich (

Veldmeijer, André J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Experimental Investigation of Immiscible Flow in Mixed-wet Porous Media using A Pore-scale Approach.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Wettability is an important factor in terms of flow distribution and the amount of immiscible fluid trapped in a porous medium. A good understanding of… (more)

Larpudomlert, Ruthut

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

A unified numerical framework model for simulating flow, transport, and heat transfer in porous and fractured media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transport, and heat transfer processes in porous media. 2.1.mass transport, and heat-transfer processes through porousinvolved. These heat-transfer processes are complicated by

Wu, Yu-Shu

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

The emerging population of pulsar wind nebulae in hard X-rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The hard X-ray synchrotron emission from pulsar wind nebulae (PWNe) probes energetic particles, closely related to the pulsar injection power at the present time. INTEGRAL has disclosed the yet poorly known population of hard X-ray pulsar/PWN systems. We summarize the properties of the class, with emphasys on the first hard X-ray bow-shock (CTB 80 powered by PSR B1951+32), and highlight some prospects for the study of Pulsar Wind Nebulae with the Simbol-X mission.

Mattana, Fabio; Terrier, Régis; Renaud, Matthieu; Falanga, Maurizio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Program plan for the development of advanced synthetic-diamond drill bits for hard-rock drilling  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Eight companys have teamed with Sandia Labs to work on five projects as part of a cooperative effort to advance the state of the ar in synthetic-diamond drill bit design and manufacture. DBS (a Baroid Company), Dennis Tool Company, Hughes Christensen Company, Maurer Engineering, Megadiamond, Security Diamond Products, Slimdril International, and Smith International. Objective of each project is to develop advanced bit technology that results in new commercial products with longer bit life and higher penetration rates in hard formations. Each project explores a different approach to synthetic-diamond cutter and bit design and, consequently, uses different approaches to developing the technology. Each of these approaches builds or the respective companies` capabilities and current product interests. Sandia`s role is to assure integration of the individual projects into a coherent program and tc provide unique testing and analytical capabilities where needed. One additional company, Amoco Production Research, will provide synthetic-diamond drill bit research expertise and field testing services for each project in the program.

Glowka, D.A.; Schafer, D.M.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Hydrogen Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Production DELIVERY FUEL CELLS STORAGE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY VALIDATION CODES & STANDARDS SYSTEMS INTEGRATION ANALYSES SAFETY EDUCATION RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Economy...

438

Talk to Language and Cognition Seminar, School of Psychology, UoB. 6 Nov 2009 Why the "hard" problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Talk to Language and Cognition Seminar, School of Psychology, UoB. 6 Nov 2009 Why the "hard" problem of consciousness is easy and the "easy" problem hard. (And how to make progress) Aaron Sloman Sem Birmingham 2009 Slide 1 Last revised: January 27, 2010 #12;Why? Because: 1. The "hard" problem can

Sloman, Aaron

439

Real Time in situ hard X-ray texture evolution during the annealing of rolled CuNi tapes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Real Time in situ hard X-ray texture evolution during the annealing of rolled CuNi tapes Antoine monochromators. It uses a white hard X ray beam and works in transmission geometry. The 2D detector allows, used as substrate for high temperature superconductor, is presented. hard X-rays; diffraction; in

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

440

Colloid-facilitated radionuclide transport in fractured porous rock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical methods have been applied for the prediction of colloid-facilitated radionuclide transport through water-saturated fractured porous rock. The presence of colloids may enhance the transport of radionuclides in groundwater by reducing retardation effects. The colloids existing in the groundwater act as carriers, adsorbing radionuclides on their large surface area and moving faster than the average water velocity. With colloids present, the system consists of three phases, i. e., an aqueous phase, a carrier phase, and a stationary solid phase. In the basic model, one-dimensional advection in a single planar fracture of infinite extent is coupled with diffusion in the rock matrix perpendicular to the fracture. In this study, a full-equilibrium model was developed to describe the transport and fate of the radionuclides in the fracture. Sorption onto rock matrix, fracture surface and sorption into mobile and immobile colloids are included. The effect of colloidal particle size was also considered. Mass partition mechanisms between the colloids and solid matrix and between colloid and contaminant are represented by local equilibrium. In the three-phase i.e., retardation coefficient, hydrodynamic dispersion system, the coefficient, and fracture width are modified to include the equilibrium distribution coefficient of contaminant with a carrier. In the three phase model, much smaller retardation and hydrodynamic dispersion coefficients are obtained and the effect of fracture width is larger. With the additional consideration of colloidal particle sizes, these effects become ever larger. Numerical solutions for the model were obtained using a fully implicit finite difference scheme. A significant sensitivity to model parameters was discovered, and in particular, the equilibrium distribution coefficients between a contaminant and the carrier were found to be the most important factors.

Baek, Inseok

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Transport in porous and fractured media of the Creede Formation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Direct measurement was made of the hydraulic conductivity of Creede Formation rocks using a new experimental method. The UFA{trademark} method employs open-flow centrifugation. Centrifugation, like gravity, has the effect on a material of a whole-body force exerting equal force at all points within the sample. The equivalent gravitational force exerted throughout the sample can be chosen to be from one to four orders of magnitude higher than earth gravity (from 10 to 10,000 g). The result is an increase in rate of fluid flow equally at all points throughout the sample so that hydraulic steady state is obtained in most geologic materials in hours, even under highly unsaturated conditions. This extraordinarily short time allows direct measurement of transport parameters, such as hydraulic conductivity, diffusion coefficient, and retardation factors, in any porous media over the complete range of field moisture contents. Hydraulic conductivities in the Creede Formation rocks ranged from 10{sup {minus}12} cm/s to 10{sup {minus}7} cm/s (10{sup {minus}9} Darcy to 10{sup {minus}4} Darcy) and showed no correlation with any other physical or mineralogical properties including porosity. The high degree of alteration to clay minerals appears to obscure any porosity/permeability relationship of the kind that occurs in many reservoir rocks. However, down-hole neutron porosities correlated well with laboratory-determined porosities. The objective of this investigation is to determine the hydrologic transport parameters of Creede Formation rocks for use in transport model development and for image analysis of transport pathways to produce a porosity/permeability evolution curve in support of geochemical and isotopic water/rock interaction models.

Conca, J.L.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

442

Analysis of ignition of a porous energetic material  

SciTech Connect

A theory of ignition is presented to analyze the effect of porosity on the time to ignition of a semi-infinite porous energetic solid subjected to a constant energy flux. An asymptotic perturbation analysis, based on the smallness of the gas-to-solid density ratio and the largeness of the activation energy, is utilized to describe the inert and transition stages leading to thermal runaway. As in the classical study of a nonporous solid, the transition stage consists of three spatial regions in the limit of large activation energy: a thin reactive-diffusive layer adjacent to the exposed surface of the material where chemical effects are first felt, a somewhat thicker transient-diffusive zone, and finally an inert region where the temperature field is still governed solely by conductive heat transfer. Solutions in each region are constructed at each order with respect to the density-ratio parameter and matched to one another using asymptotic matching principles. It is found that the effects of porosity provide a leading-order reduction in the time to ignition relative to that for the nonporous problem, arising from the reduced amount of solid material that must be heated and the difference in thermal conductivities of the solid and gaseous phases. A positive correction to the leading-order ignition-delay time, however, is provided by the convective flow of gas out of the solid, which stems from the effects of thermal expansion and removes energy from the system. The latter phenomenon is absent from the corresponding calculation for the nonporous problem and produces a number of modifications at the next order in the analysis arising from the relative transport effects associated with the gas flow.

Telengator, A.M.; Williams, F.A. [Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States). Dept. of Applied Mechanics and Engineering Sciences; Margolis, S.B. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States). Combustion Research Facility

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Dynamics of Nanoparticle-Based Complex Fluids in Porous Media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Advances in the use of nanoparticle-based complex fluids are likely to transform exploration and production of oil and gas. The dependence of  ...

444

Novel Porous Materials for the Separation and Sequestration of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Influence of Cation Composition and Temperature on the Solubility and Oxidation State ... Secure and Certify Studies to Work on Production of Spiked Plutonium.

445

Innovative Telemetry System Will Help Tap Hard-to-Reach Natural Gas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovative Telemetry System Will Help Tap Hard-to-Reach Natural Gas Innovative Telemetry System Will Help Tap Hard-to-Reach Natural Gas Resources Innovative Telemetry System Will Help Tap Hard-to-Reach Natural Gas Resources November 2, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The commercialization of an innovative telemetry communications system developed through a U.S. Department of Energy research program will help U.S. producers tap previously hard-to-reach natural gas resources deep underground, resulting in access to additional supplies that will help enhance national energy security. The patented, proprietary Sharewell L.P. EM-MWD electromagnetic (EM) telemetry system was initially developed by the Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and E-Spectrum Technologies of San Antonio, Texas, under a four-year, cost-shared

446

Neighbor list collision-driven molecular dynamics simulation for nonspherical hard particles.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We apply the algorithm presented in the first part of this series of papers to systems of hard ellipses and ellipsoids. The theoretical machinery needed to treat such particles, including the overlap potentials, is developed in full detail. We describe ...

Aleksandar Donev; Salvatore Torquato; Frank H. Stillinger

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Addendum to “Event-chain Monte Carlo algorithms for hard-sphere systems”  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We extend the event-chain Monte Carlo algorithm from hard-sphere interactions to general potentials. This event-driven Monte Carlo algorithm is nonlocal and rejection free and allows for the breaking of detailed balance. ...

Bernard, Etienne

448

Pair superfluid and supersolid of correlated hard-core bosons on a triangular lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have systematically studied the hard-core Bose-Hubbard model with correlated hopping on a triangular lattice using the density-matrix renormalization group method. A rich ground-state phase diagram is determined. In ...

Fu, Liang

449

Low dose hard x-ray contact microscopy assisted by a photoelectric conversion layer  

SciTech Connect

Hard x-ray contact microscopy provides images of dense samples at resolutions of tens of nanometers. However, the required beam intensity can only be delivered by synchrotron sources. We report on the use of a gold photoelectric conversion layer to lower the exposure dose by a factor of 40 to 50, allowing hard x-ray contact microscopy to be performed with a compact x-ray tube. We demonstrate the method in imaging the transmission pattern of a type of hard x-ray grating that cannot be fitted into conventional x-ray microscopes due to its size and shape. Generally the method is easy to implement and can record images of samples in the hard x-ray region over a large area in a single exposure, without some of the geometric constraints associated with x-ray microscopes based on zone-plate or other magnifying optics.

Gomella, Andrew; Martin, Eric W.; Lynch, Susanna K.; Wen, Han [Imaging Physics Laboratory, Biophysics and Biochemistry Center, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20892 (United States); Morgan, Nicole Y. [Intramural Research Programs, National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20892 (United States)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

450

Hard and tough electrodeposited aluminum-manganese alloys with tailored nanostructures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tailoring the nanostructure of electrodeposited Al-Mn films to achieve high hardness and toughness is the overarching goal of this thesis. Binary Al-Mn alloys are electrodeposited using a conventional current waveform in ...

Ruan, Shiyun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Improving energy saving in hard real time systems via a modified dual priority scheduling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a modification of the Dual Priority scheduling algorithm, for hard real-time systems, that takes advantage of its performance to efficiently improve energy saving. The approach exploit the priority scheme to lengthen the runtime ...

M. Angels Moncusi; Alex Arenas; Jesus Labarta

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Argonne CNM Highlight: World?s Most Precise ?Hard X-Ray?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

World's Most Precise "Hard X-Ray" Nanoprobe Activated X-rays from an APS undulator exiting the front end window of the nanoprobe beamline. X-rays from an APS undulator exiting the...

453

NOREM Wear-Resistant, Iron-Based Hard-Facing Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laboratory studies have identified new, iron-based hard-facing alloys, designated NOREM, possessing outstanding resistance to wear and corrosion. On new or refurbished valves, use of these alloys could reduce radiation-field buildup in nuclear power plants.

1989-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

454

NOREM Wear-Resistant, Iron-Based Hard-Facing Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laboratory studies have identified new, iron-based hard-facing alloys, designated NOREM, possessing outstanding resistance to wear and corrosion. On new or refurbished valves, use of these alloys could reduce radiation-field buildup in nuclear power plants.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Breaking Up - And Making Up - Are Hard To Do | U.S. DOE Office...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

realize just how hard it is to generate that hydrogen in the first place." Markovic led research at Argonne that recently showed a cheaper, cleaner way to make up pure...

456

Localized orientational order chaperons the nucleation of Rotator phases in hard polyhedral particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The nucleation kinetics of the rotator phase in hard cuboctahedra, truncated octahedra, and rhombic dodecahedra is simulated via a combination of Forward Flux Sampling and Umbrella Sampling. For comparable degree of supersaturation, the polyhedra are found to have significantly lower free-energy barriers and faster nucleation rates than hard spheres. This difference primarily stems from localized orientational ordering, which steers polyhedral particles to pack more efficiently. Orientational order hence fosters here the growth of orientationally disordered nuclei.

Vikram Thapar; Fernando A. Escobedo

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

457

HARD X-RAYEMITTING ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI SELECTED BY THE CHANDRA MULTIWAVELENGTH PROJECT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HARD X-RAY­EMITTING ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI SELECTED BY THE CHANDRA MULTIWAVELENGTH PROJECT J. D present X-ray and optical analysis of 188 active galactic nuclei (AGN) identified from 497 hard X-ray ( f2:0 8:0 keV > 2:7 ; 10�15 ergs cm�2 s�1 ) sources in 20 Chandra fields (1.5 deg2 ) forming part

Green, Paul

458

Probing buried layers by photoelectron spectromicroscopy with hard x-ray excitation  

SciTech Connect

We report about a proof-of-principle experiment which explores the perspectives of performing hard x-ray photoemission spectromicroscopy with high lateral resolution. Our results obtained with an energy-filtered photoemission microscope at the PETRA III storage ring facility using hard x-ray excitation up to 6.5 keV photon energy demonstrate that it is possible to obtain selected-area x-ray photoemission spectra from regions less than 500 nm in diameter.

Wiemann, C.; Patt, M.; Cramm, S. [Peter Gruenberg Institute (PGI-6) and JARA-FIT, Research Centre Juelich, D-52425 Juelich (Germany); Escher, M.; Merkel, M. [FOCUS GmbH, D-65510 Huenstetten (Germany); Gloskovskii, A. [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie und Analytische Chemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, D-55128 Mainz (Germany); Thiess, S.; Drube, W. [DESY Photon Science, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, D-22603 Hamburg (Germany); Schneider, C. M. [Peter Gruenberg Institute (PGI-6) and JARA-FIT, Research Centre Juelich, D-52425 Juelich (Germany); Fakultaet f. Physik and Center for Nanointegration Duisburg-Essen (CENIDE), Universitaet Duisburg-Essen, D-47048 Duisburg (Germany)

2012-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

459

HARD X-RAY OBSERVATIONS OF A JET AND ACCELERATED ELECTRONS IN THE CORONA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the first hard X-ray observation of a solar jet on the limb with flare footpoints occulted, so that faint emission from accelerated electrons in the corona can be studied in detail. In this event on 2003 August 21, RHESSI observed a double coronal hard X-ray source in the pre-impulsive phase at both thermal and nonthermal energies. In the impulsive phase, the first of two hard X-ray bursts consists of a single thermal/nonthermal source coinciding with the lower of the two earlier sources, and the second burst shows an additional nonthermal, elongated source, spatially and temporally coincident with the coronal jet. Analysis of the jet hard X-ray source shows that collisional losses by accelerated electrons can deposit enough energy to generate the jet. The hard X-ray time profile above 20 keV matches that of the accompanying Type III and broadband gyrosynchrotron radio emission, indicating both accelerated electrons escaping outward along the jet path and electrons trapped in the flare loop. The double coronal hard X-ray source, the open field lines indicated by Type III bursts, and the presence of a small post-flare loop are consistent with significant electron acceleration in an interchange reconnection geometry.

Glesener, Lindsay; Lin, R. P.; Krucker, Saem, E-mail: glesener@ssl.berkeley.edu [Space Science Laboratory, UC Berkeley, 7 Gauss Way, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

460

A reactive GRASP and path relinking for a combined production-distribution problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An NP-hard production-distribution problem for one product over a multi-period horizon is investigated. The aim is to minimize total cost taking production setups, inventory levels and distribution into account. An integer linear model is proposed as ... Keywords: Greedyrandomizedadaptivesearchprocedure, Pathrelinking, Productionplanning, Vehicle routing

M. Boudia; M. A. O. Louly; C. Prins

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

A framework for coupling flow and deformation of the porous solid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider the flow of an incompressible fluid in a deformable porous solid. We present a mathematical model using the framework offered by the theory of interacting continua. In its most general form, this framework provides a mechanism for capturing multiphase flow, deformation, chemical reactions and thermal processes, as well as interactions between the various physics in a conveniently implemented fashion. To simplify the presentation of the framework, results are presented for a particular model than can be seen as an extension of Darcy's equation (which assumes that the porous solid is rigid) that takes into account elastic deformation of the porous solid. The model also considers the effect of deformation on porosity. We show that using this model one can recover identical results as in the framework proposed by Biot and Terzaghi. Some salient features of the framework are as follows: (a) It is a consistent mixture theory model, and adheres to the laws and principles of continuum therm...

Turner, D Z; Martinez, M J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

History-independence of steady-state in simultaneous two-phase flow through porous media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is well known that the transient behavior during drainage or imbibition in multiphase flow in porous media strongly depends on the history and initial condition of the system. However, when the steady-state regime is reached and both drainage and imbibition take place at the pore level, the influence of the evolution history and initial preparation is an open question. Here, we present an extensive experimental and numerical work investigating the history dependence of simultaneous steady-state two-phase flow through porous media. Our experimental system consists of a Hele-Shaw cell filled with glass beads which we model numerically by a network of disordered pores transporting two immiscible fluids. From the measurements of global pressure evolution, histogram of saturation and cluster-size distributions, we find that when both phases are flowing through the porous medium, the steady state does not depend on the initial preparation of the system or on the way it has been reached.

Erpelding, Marion; Tallakstad, Ken Tore; Hansen, Alex; Flekkøy, Eirik Grude; Måløy, Knut Jørgen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

A multiple-relaxation-time lattice Boltzmann model for convection heat transfer in porous media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, a multiple-relaxation-time (MRT) lattice Boltzmann (LB) model is developed for simulating convection heat transfer in porous media at the representative elementary volume scale. In the model, a MRT-LB equation is used to simulate the flow field, while another MRT-LB equation is employed to simulate the temperature field. The effect of the porous media is considered by introducing the porosity into the equilibrium moments, and adding a forcing term to the MRT-LB equation of the flow field in the moment space. The proposed MRT-LB model is validated by numerical simulations of several two-dimensional convection problems in porous media. The numerical results predicted by the present MRT-LB model agree well with those reported in the literature.

Q. Liu; Y. L. He; Q. Li

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

464

Hard truths: facing the hard truths about energy. Topic Paper No. 18: Coal to liquids and gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report presents the issues associated with and the potential of coal to liquids (CTL) and coal to gas (CTG) technologies. The other important outcome from this report is to view and understand the inputs and assumptions from various publications and the range of production estimates from CTG and CTL technology. The examination of the publications demonstrates a large uncertainty for CTL, due to various assumptions from petroleum price to technological abilities. Key assumptions are left unexamined, such as product transportation, labor, equipment availability, and environmental risk. Overall, the published CTL production estimates are small in the total global petroleum market perspective; even in the most optimistic scenario the volume from CTL amounts to only 20% of the U.S. petroleum market in the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) report. The National Coal Council (NCC) saw a 10% market share, whereas the various Energy Information Administration (EIA) scenarios saw 0% to 6% of the U.S market share. The NCC and SSEB both mentioned the added benefit of using the CO{sub 2} for enhanced oil recovery (EOR). It begins by introducing the process, giving a detailed technological understanding, and then outlining each issue with each report from coal availability to oil price assumptions. The incremental gains from CTL and other technology areas, such as oil shale, could have a significant impact on U.S. energy cost and foreign dependency. The use of coal allows the added benefit of relying on a resource that is domestically more plentiful than petroleum, but this reliance must be carefully balanced with the economics of developing the resource, since CTL facilities can cost more than $1 billion per 10,000 days of production, which implicates the competitiveness of the U.S. economy within the global economy. 33 refs.

NONE

2007-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

465

Cathodes for secondary electrochemical power-producing cells. [layers of porous substrates impregnated with S alternate with layers containing electrolyte  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A secondary electrochemical power-producing cell includes an anode containing lithium, an electrolyte containing lithium ions, and a cathode containing sulfur. The cathode comprises plates of a porous substrate material impregnated with sulfur alternating with layers (which may also comprise porous substrate plates) containing electrolyte.

Cairns, E.J.; Kyle, M.; Shimotake, H.

1973-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

466

Numerical solution for mixed convection boundary layer flow of a nanofluid along an inclined plate embedded in a porous medium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The steady mixed convection boundary layer flow of an incompressible nanofluid along a plate inclined at an angle @a in a porous medium is studied. The resulting nonlinear governing equations with associated boundary conditions are solved using an optimized, ... Keywords: FDM, FEM, Inclined plate, Mixed convection, Nanofluid, Porous medium

Puneet Rana; R. Bhargava; O. A. BéG

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Modelling two-phase flow in porous media at the pore scale using the volume-of-fluid method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a stable numerical scheme for modelling multiphase flow in porous media, where the characteristic size of the flow domain is of the order of microns to millimetres. The numerical method is developed for efficient modelling of multiphase flow ... Keywords: Pore-scale modelling, Porous media, Two-phase flow, Volume of fluid

Ali Q. Raeini; Martin J. Blunt; Branko Bijeljic

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Fast computation of multiphase flow in porous media by implicit discontinuous Galerkin schemes with optimal ordering of elements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a family of implicit discontinuous Galerkin schemes for purely advective multiphase flow in porous media in the absence of gravity and capillary forces. To advance the solution one time step, one must solve a discrete system of nonlinear equations. ... Keywords: Implicit upwind scheme, Porous media flow, Topological sorting

Jostein R. Natvig; Knut-Andreas Lie

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Application of the Lattice-Boltzmann method to the modeling of population blob dynamics in 2D porous domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present paper, the Lattice-Boltzmann method is employed for the simulation of immiscible two-phase flow through a 2D porous domain when the volume fraction of the non-wetting phase is relatively low and thus it flows in the form of disconnected ... Keywords: Blobs, Lattice Boltzmann, Porous media, Two-phase flow

A. G. Yiotis; M. E. Kainourgiakis; E. S. Kikkinides; A. K. Stubos

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

An extended finite element method for hydraulic fracture propagation in deformable porous media with the cohesive crack model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a fully coupled numerical model is developed for the modeling of the hydraulic fracture propagation in porous media using the extended finite element method in conjunction with the cohesive crack model. The governing equations, which account ... Keywords: Cohesive crack propagation, Fluid flow, Fracturing porous media, Fully coupled model, Hydraulic fracturing, XFEM

T. Mohammadnejad, A. R. Khoei

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Applications of porous electrodes to metal-ion removal and the design of battery systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This dissertation treats the use of porous electrodes as electrochemical reactors for the removal of dilute metal ions. A methodology for the scale-up of porous electrodes used in battery applications is given. Removal of 4 ..mu..g Pb/cc in 1 M sulfuric acid was investigated in atmospheric and high-pressure, flow-through porous reactors. The atmospheric reactor used a reticulated vitreous carbon porous bed coated in situ with a mercury film. Best results show 98% removal of lead from the feed stream. Results are summarized in a dimensionless plot of Sherwood number vs Peclet number. High-pressure, porous-electrode experiments were performed to investigate the effect of pressure on the current efficiency. Pressures were varied up to 120 bar on electrode beds of copper or lead-coated spheres. The copper spheres showed high hydrogen evolution rates which inhibited lead deposition, even at high cathodic overpotentials. Use of lead spheres inhibited hydrogen evolution but often resulted in the formation of lead sulfate layers; these layers were difficult to reduce back to lead. Experimental data of one-dimensional porous battery electrodes are combined with a model for the current collector and cell connectors to predict ultimate specific energy and maximum specific power for complete battery systems. Discharge behavior of the plate as a whole is first presented as a function of depth of discharge. These results are combined with the voltage and weight penalties of the interconnecting bus and post, positive and negative active material, cell container, etc. to give specific results for the lithium-aluminum/iron sulfide high-temperature battery. Subject to variation is the number of positive electrodes, grid conductivity, minimum current-collector weight, and total delivered capacity. The battery can be optimized for maximum energy or power, or a compromise design may be selected.

Trost, G.G.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Acoustic emission in a fluid saturated heterogeneous porous layer with application to hydraulic fracture  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A theoretical model for acoustic emission in a vertically heterogeneous porous layer bounded by semi-infinite solid regions is developed using linearized equations of motion for a fluid/solid mixture and a reflectivity method. Green's functions are derived for both point loads and moments. Numerically integrated propagators represent solutions for intermediate heterogeneous layers in the porous region. These are substituted into a global matrix for solution by Gaussian elimination and back-substitution. Fluid partial stress and seismic responses to dislocations associated with fracturing of a layer of rock with a hydraulically conductive fracture network are computed with the model. A constitutive model is developed for representing the fractured rock layer as a porous material, using commonly accepted relationships for moduli. Derivations of density, tortuosity, and sinuosity are provided. The main results of the model application are the prediction of a substantial fluid partial stress response related to a second mode wave for the porous material. The response is observable for relatively large distances, on the order of several tens of meters. The visco-dynamic transition frequency associated with parabolic versus planar fluid velocity distributions across micro-crack apertures is in the low audio or seismic range, in contrast to materials with small pore size, such as porous rocks, for which the transition frequency is ultrasonic. Seismic responses are predicted for receiver locations both in the layer and in the outlying solid regions. In the porous region, the seismic response includes both shear and dilatational wave arrivals and a second-mode arrival. The second-mode arrival is not observable outside of the layer because of its low velocity relative to the dilatational and shear wave propagation velocities of the solid region.

Nelson, J.T. (California Univ., Berkeley, CA (USA). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA))

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Localized and directed lateral growth of carbon nanotubes from a porous template  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on the growth of laterally oriented carbon nanotubes with both positional and directional control. The growth was done by chemical vapor deposition from Fe/Mo catalyst embedded inside a porous silicon medium which was formed electrochemically on the vertical faces of etched posts on a silicon substrate. A solution containing the catalyst was allowed to diffuse into the porous medium only in lithographically defined areas. Nanotubes grew only in the patterned areas with a preferred orientation normal to the edges of the etched posts.

S. J. Wind; R. Martel; Ph. Avouris

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Imbibition dynamics of nano-particulate ink-jet drops on micro-porous media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Imbibition dynamics of nano-particulate ink-jet drops on micro-porous media Hsiao, W.-K., Hoath, S. D., Martin, G. D., Hutchings, I. M., Chilton, N. B. and Jones, S., Proc Nanotech 2011 Conference, Boston, June 2011. Imbibition dynamics... of nano-particulate ink-jet drops on micro-porous media W.-K. Hsiao*, S. D. Hoath*, G. D. Martin*, I. M. Hutchings*, N. B. Chilton** and S. Jones** *Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge Cambridge CB3 0FS, United Kingdom, wkh26@cam...

Hsiao, W.-K.; Hoath, S.D.; Martin, G.D.; Hutchings, I.M.; Chilton, N.B.; Jones, S.

475

Mesoscopic modeling of multi-physicochemical transport phenomena in porous media  

SciTech Connect

We present our recent progress on mesoscopic modeling of multi-physicochemical transport phenomena in porous media based on the lattice Boltzmann method. Simulation examples include injection of CO{sub 2} saturated brine into a limestone rock, two-phase behavior and flooding phenomena in polymer electrolyte fuel cells, and electroosmosis in homogeneously charged porous media. It is shown that the lattice Boltzmann method can account for multiple, coupled physicochemical processes in these systems and can shed some light on the underlying physics occuning at the fundamental scale. Therefore, it can be a potential powerful numerical tool to analyze multi-physicochemical processes in various energy, earth, and environmental systems.

Kang, Qinjin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wang, Moran [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mukherjee, Partha P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lichtner, Peter C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

The Thermal Expansion, Elastic and Fracture Properties of Porous Cordierite at Elevated Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The properties that determine the thermal shock resistance in materials are reported for porous cordierite, a leading candidate material for the fabrication of diesel particulate filters. Fracture toughness and slow crack growth tests were performed on test specimens obtained from the walls of diesel particulate filter monolithic substrates using the double-torsion test method at temperatures between 20 C and 900 C. The thermal expansion and elastic properties were characterized between 20 C and 1000 C. The role of the microstructure of porous cordierite in determining its unusual thermal expansion and elevated temperature Young's modulus and fracture toughness are discussed.

Shyam, Amit [ORNL; Lara-Curzio, Edgar [ORNL; Pandey, Amit [ORNL; Watkins, Thomas R [ORNL; More, Karren [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Hard probes” of strongly-interacting atomic gases  

SciTech Connect

We investigate properties of an energetic atom propagating through strongly interacting atomic gases. The operator product expansion is used to systematically compute a quasiparticle energy and its scattering rate both in a spin-1/2 Fermi gas and in a spinless Bose gas. Reasonable agreement with recent quantum Monte Carlo simulations even at a relatively small momentum k/kF > 1.5 indicates that our large-momentum expansions are valid in a wide range of momentum. We also study a differential scattering rate when a probe atom is shot into atomic gases. Because the number density and current density of the target atomic gas contribute to the forward scattering only, its contact density (measure of short-range pair correlation) gives the leading contribution to the backward scattering. Therefore, such an experiment can be used to measure the contact density and thus provides a new local probe of strongly interacting atomic gases.

Nishida, Yusuke [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

478

Biomolecule-assisted synthesis and gas-sensing properties of porous nanosheet-based corundum In{sub 2}O{sub 3} microflowers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Porous nanosheet-based corundum In{sub 2}O{sub 3} microflowers were fabricated by one-pot hydrothermal treatment of D-fructose and In(NO{sub 3}){sub 3} mixture using urea as a precipitating agent followed by calcination. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The effects of D-fructose and urea on the fabrication of nanosheet-based corundum In{sub 2}O{sub 3} microflowers were investigated and a possible mechanism is proposed to explain the formation of the hierarchical nanostructures. The gas sensor based on the In{sub 2}O{sub 3} microflowers exhibits excellent sensing properties for the detection of formaldehyde. - Graphical abstract: Nanosheets-based corundum In{sub 2}O{sub 3} microflowers were fabricated by one-pot hydrothermal treatment of D-fructose/In(NO{sub 3}){sub 3} mixture followed by calcination, which show high performance for formaldehyde sensing. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Preparation of porous nanosheet-based corundum In{sub 2}O{sub 3} microflowers. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Morphology and phase control of In{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Gas sensor based on the In{sub 2}O{sub 3} microflowers exhibits excellent sensing properties for the detection of formaldehyde.

Zhang Wenhui [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, South China University of Technology, 381 Wushan Road, Guangzhou 510640 (China); Zhang Weide, E-mail: zhangwd@scut.edu.cn [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, South China University of Technology, 381 Wushan Road, Guangzhou 510640 (China)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

479

SiO2 aerogel ultra low k dielectric patterning using different hard mask concepts and stripping processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The patterning of porous SiO"2 aerogel as ultra low k dielectric has been investigated. Three different concepts were examined to etch this material without damage and to finally integrate it into a copper damascene metallization. Oxygen containing etching ... Keywords: Dielectric thin films, H2/N2 strip, Integrated circuit interconnections, Low dielectric constant, Plasma etching, Porous materials, SiO2 aerogel

F. Blaschta; K. Schulze; S. E. Schulz; T. Gessner

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Tetratic order in the phase behavior of a hard-rectangle system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous Monte Carlo investigations by Wojciechowski et al. have found two unusual phases in two-dimensional systems of anisotropic hard particles: a tetratic phase of fourfold symmetry for hard squares [Comput. Methods Sci. Tech. 10, 235 (2004)], and a nonperiodic degenerate solid phase for hard-disk dimers [Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3168 (1991)]. In this work, we study a system of hard rectangles of aspect ratio two, i.e., hard-square dimers (or dominos), and demonstrate that it exhibits phases with both of these unusual properties. The liquid shows quasi-long-range tetratic order, with no nematic order. The solid phase we observe is a nonperiodic tetratic phase having the structure of a random tiling of the square lattice with dominos with the well-known degeneracy entropy 1.79k{sub B} per particle. Our simulations do not conclusively establish the thermodynamic stability of this orientationally disordered solid; however, there are strong indications that this phase is glassy. Our observations are consistent with a two-stage phase transition scenario developed by Kosterlitz and co-workers with two continuous phase transitions, the first from isotropic to tetratic liquid, and the second from tetratic liquid to solid. We obtain similar results with both a classical Monte Carlo method using true rectangles and a novel molecular dynamics algorithm employing rectangles with rounded corners.

Donev, Aleksandar [Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); PRISM, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Burton, Joshua [Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Stillinger, Frank H. [Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Torquato, Salvatore [Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); PRISM, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hard porous product" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Facile synthesis of porous-structured nickel oxide thin film by pulsed laser deposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Porous-structured nickel oxide (PsNiO) was obtained through the oxidization of a nickel thin film. The nickel thin film was deposited using the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) method on a nickel foil as a substrate. The results show uniform PsNiO after ...

Siamak Pilban Jahromi; Nay Ming Huang; Ahmad Kamalianfar; Hong Ngee Lim; Muhamad Rasat Muhamad; Ramin Yousefi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Settle3D-A numerical generator for artificial porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reservoir rocks, regardless of what kind (oil-, gas- or water-bearing), are classified by their specific properties. Most rock properties, such as storage, permeability, electric conductivity, heat capacity and so on are determined by laboratory experiments ... Keywords: Artificial porous media, Pore models

G. Blöcher; G. Zimmermann

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Porous silicon optical cavity structure applied to high sensitivity organic solvent sensor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present work reports the thermal annealing process, the number of layer and electrochemical process effect in the optical response quality of Bragg and microcavity devices that were applied as organic solvent sensors. These devices have been obtained ... Keywords: Microcavities, Optical sensors, Photonic crystal, Porous silicon

Danilo R. Huanca; Francisco J. Ramirez-Fernandez; Walter J. Salcedo

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Capillary Dynamics of Elastic?Wave?Enhanced Two?Phase Flow in Porous Media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Elastic waves may enhance two?phase flow in porous media. We investigate the role and dynamics of capillary forces during the enhancement process. We present a theory that allows us to estimate the response of trapped nonwetting phase blobs to variable frequency excitation. According to this theory capillary trapped oil blobs may exhibit resonance

Markus Hilpert; Chunyan Guo; Joseph Katz

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Highly Conductive and Porous Activated Reduced Graphene Oxide Films for High-Power Supercapacitors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highly Conductive and Porous Activated Reduced Graphene Oxide Films for High-Power Supercapacitors for a free-standing carbon film reported to date. A two-electrode supercapacitor using these carbon films. KEYWORDS: Graphene, flexible film, chemical activation, supercapacitors Free-standing thin film materials

486

Nitrogenated porous carbon electrodes for supercapacitors Betzaida Batalla Garcia Stephanie L. Candelaria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nitrogenated porous carbon electrodes for supercapacitors Betzaida Batalla Garcia · Stephanie L characterized and tested for supercapacitor applications. From X-ray photo- electron spectroscopy, the nitrogen­5]. An example can be seen in supercapacitors that use an aqueous electrolyte to promote redox reactions [2

Cao, Guozhong

487

Numerical Methods for Transport{Dominated Flows in Heterogeneous Porous Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Frederico Furtado y Felipe Pereira z Li-Ming Yeh x Abstract In this paper we consider the problem problems in heterogeneous porous formations. In this paper we consider two-phase (water and oil) incompressible immiscible displacement. Physically this model represents the water ooding of a petroleum

Douglas Jr., Jim

488

Flux-limiting techniques for simulation of pollutant transport in porous media: Application to groundwater management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this work is to present a numerical study of contaminant migration in saturated porous media. For this purpose, the advection-diffusion equation describing the evolution of contaminant plumes in a 2D horizontal aquifer (Atlantic margin, ... Keywords: Advection, Diffusion, Flux limiters, Groundwater, Numerical modeling, Numerical scheme, TVD

Hassan Smaoui; Lahcen Zouhri; Abdellatif Ouahsine

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Adaptive-window indicator kriging: A thresholding method for computed tomography images of porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Image segmentation is a crucial step in understanding the structure of porous materials, subsequent analyses being profoundly dependent upon segmentation accuracy. Computed tomography images of naturally occurring heterogeneous materials such as soils ... Keywords: Indicator kriging, Local segmentation, Microtomography, Soil, X-ray

A. N. Houston, W. Otten, P. C. Baveye, S. Hapca

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Coupling pore-scale networks to continuum-scale models of porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Network modeling is a useful tool for investigating pore-scale behavior and in some cases for determining macroscopic information such as permeability, relative permeability, and capillary pressure. Physically representative network models are particularly ... Keywords: Coupling, Fractured porous media, Multiscale modeling, Network modeling, Pore-scale modeling

Matthew T. Balhoff; Karsten E. Thompson; Martin Hjortsø

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Effects of Thermal Aging on the Mechanical Properties of a Porous-Matrix Ceramic Composite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of Thermal Aging on the Mechanical Properties of a Porous-Matrix Ceramic Composite Eric A-term durability of this class of composite are discussed. I. Introduction THE power generation industry has been-fiber-reinforced ceramic composites (CFCCs). Among the various ceramic com- posites that have been developed to date

Zok, Frank

492

Effects of Porous Medium Heterogeneity on Vadose Zone Desiccation: Intermediate-scale Laboratory Experiments and Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soil desiccation (drying), involving water evaporation induced by dry gas injection, is a potentially robust vadose zone remediation process to limit contaminant transport through the vadose zone. A series of four intermediate-scale flow cell experiments was conducted in homogeneous and simple layered heterogeneous porous medium systems to investigate the effects of heterogeneity on desiccation of unsaturated porous media. The permeability ratios of porous medium layers ranged from about five to almost two orders of magnitude. The insulated flow cell was equipped with twenty humidity and temperature sensors and a dual-energy gamma system was used to determine water saturations at various times. The multiphase code STOMP was used to simulate the desiccation process. Results show that injected dry gas flowed predominantly in the higher permeability layer and delayed water removal from the lower permeability material. For the configurations tested, water vapor diffusion from the lower to the higher permeability zone was considerable over the duration of the experiments, resulting in much larger relative humidity values of the outgoing air than based on permeability ratios alone. Acceptable numerical matches with the experimental data were obtained when an extension of the saturation-capillary pressure relation below the residual water saturation was used. The agreements between numerical and experimental results suggest that the correct physics are implemented in the simulator and that the thermal and hydraulic properties of the porous media, flow cell wall and insulation materials were properly represented.

Oostrom, Martinus; Freedman, Vicky L.; Wietsma, Thomas W.; Dane, Jacob H.; Truex, Michael J.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

A finite element approach for multiphase fluid flow in porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main scope of this work is to carry out a mathematical framework and its corresponding finite element (FE) discretization for the partially saturated soil consolidation modelling in presence of an immiscible pollutant. A multiphase system with the ... Keywords: Consolidation, Finite elements, Immiscible pollutants, Mixture theory, Multiphase porous media

Javier L. Mroginski; H.Ariel Di Rado; Pablo A. Beneyto; Armando M. Awruch

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Potential petrophysical and chemical property alterations in a compressed air energy storage porous rock reservoir  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Successful commercialization of Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) systems depends on long-term stability of the underground reservoirs subjected to somewhat unique operating conditions. Specifically, these conditions include elevated and time varying temperatures, effective stresses, and air humidities. To minimize the requirements for premium fuels, it may be desirable to retain the thermal energy of compression. Porous media, e.g., sandstone, may hold promise as elevated temperature reservoirs. In this study, a reservoir composed of clean quartz sandstone and injection air temperatures of 300 to 575/sup 0/K are assumed. Numerical modeling is used to estimate temperature, stress, and humidity conditions within this reference porous media reservoir. A discussion on relative importance to CAES of several potential porous media damage mechanisms is presented. In this context, damage is defined as a reduction in intrinsic permeability (measure of air transport capability), a decrease in effective porosity (measure of storage capability), or an increase in elastic and/or inelastic deformation of the porous material. The potential damage mechanisms presented include: (1) disaggregation, (2) particulate plugging, (3) boundary layer viscosity anomalies, (4) inelastic microstructural consolidation, (5) clay swelling and dispersion, (6) hydrothermal mineral alteration, (7) oxidation reactions, and (8) well casing corrosion. These mechanisms are placed in perspective with respect to anticipated CAES conditions and mechanisms suggested are: (1) of academic interest only, (2) readily identified and controlled via engineering, or (3) potential problem areas requiring additional investigation.

Stottlemyre, J.A.; Erikson, R.L.; Smith, R.P.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Mathematical modeling of chemical oil-soluble transport for water control in porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High water-cut is a long-standing problem in the upstream petroleum industry. Typically one-fourth of the produced fluids from oil wells worldwide are hydrocarbons and the remaining is water. Self-selective in-situ gel formation is a new potential technology ... Keywords: Gelation, Numerical modeling, Porous media, Tetra-methyl-ortho-silicate or tetramethoxysilane (TMOS), Water cut

H. Valiollahi; Z. Ziabakhsh; P. L. J. Zitha

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Chemical reduction of a diimide based porous polymer for selective uptake of carbon dioxide versus methanew  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from natural gas and landfill gas streams, composed mostly of methane, is an important problem. The presence of CO2 in natural gas significantly lowers the energy density of the gas stream and can lead accommodate large quantities of gas and is easily regenerated.3 Separations with porous materials

497

A stochastic multiscale framework for modeling flow through random heterogeneous porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flow through porous media is ubiquitous, occurring from large geological scales down to the microscopic scales. Several critical engineering phenomena like contaminant spread, nuclear waste disposal and oil recovery rely on accurate analysis and prediction ... Keywords: Collocation methods, Data-driven modeling, Manifold learning, Mixed finite elements, Non-linear model reduction, Scalable algorithms, Sparse grids, Stochastic partial differential equations, Variational multiscale methods

B. Ganapathysubramanian; N. Zabaras

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Multiscale finite-volume method for compressible multiphase flow in porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Multiscale Finite-Volume (MSFV) method has been recently developed and tested for multiphase-flow problems with simplified physics (i.e. incompressible flow without gravity and capillary effects) and proved robust, accurate and efficient. However, ... Keywords: compressibility, finite-volume methods, multiphase flow in porous media, multiscale methods, reservoir simulation

Ivan Lunati; Patrick Jenny

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Excitations of superfluid 4 He in porous media: Aerogel and Vycor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Excitations of superfluid 4 He in porous media: Aerogel and Vycor O. Plantevin and B. Fa structure factor S(Q, ) and the elementary excitations of liquid 4 He immersed in aerogel and Vycor. In both and superfluid density, S(T), of liquid 4 He in aerogel and Vycor have been made over the past 30 years.1

Glyde, Henry R.

500

Synthesis of Highly Porous Catalytic Layers for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Based on Carbon Aerogels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aerogels J. Mariea , S. Berthon-Fabrya , P. Acharda , M. Chatenetb , E. Chainetb , R. Pirardc , N. Cornetd and characterized carbon aerogels which exhibit high surface area, high porous volume and adjustable pore carbon aerogels with 2 different Nafion loadings. Finally, we characterized the structure

Paris-Sud XI, Université de