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  1. Wuhan Airui Biodiesel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Airui Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wuhan Airui Biodiesel Place: Wuhan, Hubei Province, China Zip: 430070 Product: Airui is a biodiesel processing, R&D, technology...

  2. Wuhan Rixin Technology Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Technology Company Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wuhan Rixin Technology Company Place: Wuhan, Hubei Province, China Zip: 430074 Product: Manufacturer of silicon-based and a-Si...

  3. Chongqing Shipping Construction Development Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Shipping Construction Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Chongqing Shipping Construction Development Co., Ltd. Place: Chongqing, Chongqing Municipality, China...

  4. Chongqing Lanxi Power Industry Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    City, Chongqing Municipality, China Sector: Hydro Product: Chongqing-based small hydro project developer. References: Chongqing Lanxi Power Industry Co Ltd1 This article...

  5. Chongqing Pengshui Sanjiangkou Hydropower Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sanjiangkou Hydropower Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Chongqing Pengshui Sanjiangkou Hydropower Co., Ltd. Place: Chongqing, Chongqing Municipality, China Zip: 400060...

  6. Zongshen PEM Canada Chongqing Hydrogen Energy Ltd | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zongshen PEM Canada Chongqing Hydrogen Energy Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Zongshen PEM (Canada) Chongqing Hydrogen Energy Ltd Place: Chongqing Municipality, China...

  7. Chongqing Xinxing Windpower Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Chongqing Xinxing Windpower Investment Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Chongqing Xinxing Windpower Investment Co Ltd Place: Chongqing Municipality, China Sector: Wind...

  8. GDF Suez and Chongqing Energy Investment Group JV | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Suez and Chongqing Energy Investment Group JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: GDF Suez and Chongqing Energy Investment Group JV Place: Chongqing, China Product: China-based JV...

  9. Wuhan Kaidi Electric Power Engineering Co Ltd | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kaidi Electric Power Engineering Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wuhan Kaidi Electric Power Engineering Co Ltd Place: Wuhan, Hubei Province, China Zip: 430223 Sector:...

  10. Wuhan Guoce Science Technology Co Ltd Guoce | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Guoce Science Technology Co Ltd Guoce Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wuhan Guoce Science & Technology Co., Ltd (Guoce) Place: Wuhan, Hubei Province, China Sector: Wind energy...

  11. Wuhan Dongli Properties Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Co Ltd Place: Wuhan, Hubei Province, China Sector: Solar Product: Wuhan-based real estate developer that diversified into solar industry. Coordinates: 30.572399,...

  12. Hangzhou Energy Environment Engineering Co Ltd GEEE | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Province, China Zip: 310020 Product: The company develops, designs and contructs biogas plants. References: Hangzhou Energy & Environment Engineering Co Ltd (GEEE)1 This...

  13. Hangzhou Amplesun Solar Technology Co Ltd AST | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Co Ltd (AST) Place: Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China Product: Producer for a-Si and c-Si thin-film photovoltaic modules, mainly for exportation. Coordinates:...

  14. Chongqing City Chengkou County Mingda Hydro Power Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Chengkou County Mingda Hydro Power Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Chongqing City Chengkou County Mingda Hydro Power Development Co., Ltd Place: Chongqing,...

  15. Chongqing Dianfeng Bioenergy Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dianfeng Bioenergy Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Chongqing Dianfeng Bioenergy Power Co Ltd Place: Chongqing Municipality, China Sector: Biomass Product:...

  16. CSIC Chongqing Haizhuang Windpower Equipment Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Chongqing Municipality, China Zip: 400021 Sector: Wind energy Product: A wind turbine producer and wind power project developer. References: CSIC (Chongqing) Haizhuang...

  17. Wuhan Lixun Power Corp Ltd LISUN | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Wuhan Lixun Power Corp Ltd (LISUN) Place: China Product: China-based maker of Lithium-ion secondary batteries, primary batteries and battery test equipment. References:...

  18. AquaLite Wuhan Di Yuan Optoelectronic | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Wuhan, Hubei Province, China Zip: 430074 Product: High-power and high-brightness LED manufacturer. Coordinates: 30.572399, 114.279121 Show Map Loading map......

  19. Wuhan Hengguang power Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    power Investment Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wuhan Hengguang power Investment Co., Ltd. Place: Hubei Province, China Zip: 430060 Sector: Hydro Product: China-based...

  20. Wuhan Huagong Tech Business Incubator | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Incubator Place: China Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Joint Venture Consortium ) References: Wuhan Huagong Tech Business Incubator1 This...

  1. Chongqing ChangAn New Energy Auto Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Auto Co Ltd Place: Chongqing Municipality, China Product: Chongqing-headquartered hybrid car maker. References: Chongqing ChangAn New Energy Auto Co Ltd1 This article is a stub....

  2. Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Storage Battery Co. Place: Chongqing Municipality, China Sector: Solar, Vehicles, Wind energy Product: The scope of Wanli's power storage business includes batteries made for...

  3. Wuhan Linuo Solar Energy Group Stock Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Linuo Solar Energy Group Stock Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wuhan Linuo Solar Energy Group Stock Co Ltd Place: Wuhan, Hubei Province, China Zip: 430015 Sector: Solar...

  4. File:China Hangzhou 50m Wind Power.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    50m Wind Power.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage China Hangzhou 50m Wind Power Size of this preview: 463 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 600...

  5. 15th US-China Oil and Gas Industry Forum Opens in Chongqing, China |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy 15th US-China Oil and Gas Industry Forum Opens in Chongqing, China 15th US-China Oil and Gas Industry Forum Opens in Chongqing, China September 17, 2015 - 9:17am Addthis 15th US-China Oil and Gas Industry Forum Opens in Chongqing, China This morning, Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy Chris Smith, along with Zhang Yuqing, Deputy Administrator of China's National Energy Administration (NEA), opened the 15th US-China Oil and Gas Industry Forum (OGIF) in Chongqing,

  6. Hangzhou Xianjin Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Xianjin Solar Place: Zhejiang Province, China Product: A VCPE funded Chinese CdTe PV cells developer that received an undisclosed investment from Legend Capital to start...

  7. A two-dimensional broadband vibration energy harvester using...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Chongqing 400044 (China) Department of Optoelectronic Engineering, Research Center of Sensors and Instruments, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China) Publication Date: ...

  8. Hybrid Ventilation Optimization and Control Research and Development...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Lead Performer: Massachusetts Institute of Technology - Cambridge, MA Partners: -- Chongqing University - Chongqing, China -- Tongji University - Shanghai, China -- Tianjin ...

  9. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Resources and Environmental Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 ; Chu Guanquan ; Chen Chunhua Lithium-ion batteries safety is an issue that should be solved. ...

  10. Origins of enhanced thermoelectric power factor in topologically...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA State...

  11. Wuxi Longshui Hydroelectric Power Development Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Longshui Hydroelectric Power Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wuxi Longshui Hydroelectric Power Development Co. Ltd Place: Chongqing, Chongqing Municipality,...

  12. Advanced Window and Shading Technologies | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Lutron - Coopersburg, PA -- 3M - Maplewood, MN -- Tongji University - Shanghai, China -- China Academy of Building Research - Beijing, China -- Chongqing University - Chongqing, ...

  13. Alternative optical concept for electron cyclotron emission imaging...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Stuttgart (Germany) Department of Physics, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China) Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan 689-798 (Korea, Republic...

  14. Hybrid Ventilation Optimization and Control Research and Development |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Hybrid Ventilation Optimization and Control Research and Development Hybrid Ventilation Optimization and Control Research and Development Credit: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Credit: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Lead Performer: Massachusetts Institute of Technology - Cambridge, MA Partners: -- Chongqing University - Chongqing, China -- Tongji University - Shanghai, China -- Tianjin University - Tianjin, China -- Chongqing Fu Tai Construction Group

  15. Zhongda Sanchuan Hydro Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zhongda Sanchuan Hydro Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Zhongda Sanchuan Hydro Development Co Ltd Place: Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China Zip: 310052 Sector:...

  16. Recent developments in terahertz metamaterials (Conference) ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resource Relation: Conference: MTSA2011 and seminar @ Zhejiang University ; June 19, 2011 ; Nanijing & Hangzhou, China Research Org: Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) ...

  17. Jingning County Baihe II Station Hydropower Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Baihe II Station Hydropower Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jingning County Baihe II Station Hydropower Co. Ltd. Place: Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China Zip: 310002...

  18. Zhejiang Wind Power Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind Power Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Zhejiang Wind Power Development Co Ltd Place: Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China Zip: 31005 Sector: Wind energy...

  19. Henan Ancai Lighting Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd. Place: Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China Zip: 311100 Product: Manufacturer of energy saving Compact Fluorescent Lights (CFLs) References: Henan Ancai Lighting Co., Ltd.1...

  20. Linjiawu Hydropower Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Linjiawu Hydropower Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Linjiawu Hydropower Development Co., Ltd. Place: Hangzhou city, Zhejiang Province, China Zip: 311700...

  1. Zhejiang Shuqimeng Energy Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China Zip: 311227 Sector: Solar Product: A provider of solar cells, modules, and PV power system in China. Coordinates: 30.252501, 120.165024...

  2. Recent developments in terahertz metamaterials (Conference) ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOE Contract Number: AC52-06NA25396 Resource Type: Conference Resource Relation: Conference: MTSA2011 and seminar @ Zhejiang University ; June 19, 2011 ; Nanijing & Hangzhou, China

  3. International Center for Small Hydropower INSHP | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hydropower (INSHP) Place: Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China Sector: Hydro Product: NGO charged with developing small hydropower projects in China. Coordinates: 30.252501,...

  4. Zhejiang Cyclean Energy Investment Corporation ZCEI | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cyclean Energy Investment Corporation ZCEI Jump to: navigation, search Name: Zhejiang Cyclean Energy Investment Corporation (ZCEI) Place: Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China Zip:...

  5. Wanxiang Solar Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China Zip: 311215 Sector: Solar Product: A Chinese solar module and cell maker. Coordinates: 30.252501, 120.165024 Show Map Loading...

  6. The soil microbiome influences grapevine-associated microbiota...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Marine Biological Lab., Woods Hole, MA (United States); Zhejiang Univ., Hangzhou (China)...

  7. Heavy surface state in a possible topological Kondo insulator...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States) Peking Univ., Beijing (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing (China) Hangzhou Normal ...

  8. Wanxiang Electric Vehicle Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electric Vehicle Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wanxiang Electric Vehicle Co., Ltd Place: Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China Zip: 311215 Sector: Vehicles Product: A...

  9. IW Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Power Place: Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China Zip: 310007 Sector: Wind energy Product: Joint venture wind project development firm. Coordinates: 30.252501, 120.165024 Show...

  10. VI-13 INSTITUTE COLLOQUIA AND SEMINARS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Science National Science Foundation of China and Development of Chinese Nuclear Physics ... Dai-Mei Zhou, Institute of Particle Physics, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, China ...

  11. Hubei Electric Power Survey Design Institute | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Survey Design Institute Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hubei Electric Power Survey&Design Institute Place: Hubei Province, China Product: Wuhan-based power project design and...

  12. Yunxi Yuhuangtan Hydropower Development Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Yunxi Yuhuangtan Hydropower Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Yunxi Yuhuangtan Hydropower Development Co., Ltd. Place: Wuhan, Hubei Province, China Zip: 430071...

  13. Sinosteel Tiancheng Environmental Protection Science and Technology...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Environmental Protection Science and Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sinosteel Tiancheng Environmental Protection Science and Technology Co Ltd Place: Wuhan,...

  14. GC China Turbine Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GC China Turbine Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: GC China Turbine Corp Place: Wuhan, Hubei Province, China Sector: Wind energy Product: China-base wind turbine manufacturer....

  15. Efficient spin filter and spin valve in a single-molecule magnet...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    430205 (China) (China) School of Physics and Wuhan ... LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency ... Email address: Content: Close Send Cite: MLA Format Close ...

  16. Sema4d is required for the development of the hindbrain boundary...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Cancer Biology Research Centre, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430030 (China) Cancer Biology Research Centre, ...

  17. Pengshui Haitian Hydro electric Development Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Haitian Hydro electric Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pengshui Haitian Hydro-electric Development Co., Ltd. Place: Pengshui County, Chongqing Municipality,...

  18. Signal photon flux and background noise in a coupling electromagnetic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Li Fangyu ; Yang Nan ; Fang Zhenyun ; Wen Hao 1 ; Baker, Robert M. L. Jr. 2 ; Stephenson, Gary V. 3 + Show Author Affiliations Department of Physics, Chongqing ...

  19. Yushan Hydro Power Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Yushan Hydro Power Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Yushan Hydro Power Development Co. Ltd. Place: Chongqing, Jiangsu Province, China Zip: 405800 Sector: Hydro...

  20. Characterization of spatially resolved high resolution x-ray...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States) Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Technology and System of Ministry of Education, Chongqing ...

  1. Longyan Energy Technology | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name: Longyan Energy Technology Place: Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China Product: A chinese CdTe thin-film PV cells developer with a total...

  2. International Network on Small Hydropower IN SHP | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hangzhou, China Zip: 310002 Sector: Hydro Product: The International Network on Small Hydro Power (IN-SHP) was set up to promote global SHP development with the aim of rural...

  3. U.S.-China EcoPartnership to Make Coal Power Plants Cleaner ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The technology will be tested at SPIC's Hechuan Flue Gas Comprehensive Experimental Base's 2 x 300 MW coal-fired power plant in Chongqing, China. A successful demonstration of ...

  4. Urban Heat Islands: Cool Roof Infrastructure | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cool Roof Infrastructure Urban Heat Islands: Cool Roof Infrastructure Lead Performer: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory - U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center Project Partners: -- Guangdong Provincial Academy of Building Research - Guangdong, China -- Chongqing University - Chongqing, China -- Research Institute of Standards and Norms - China -- Chinese Academy of Sciences - Beijing, China DOE Funding: $795,000 Project Term: Jan. 2011 - Dec. 2015 Project Objective The U.S.-China Clean

  5. Jianguo Wen | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Jianguo Wen Materials Scientist Education BS, Physics Department, Wuhan University Ph.D., Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences Postdoctoral Fellow, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands Research Interests Research focuses on development and application of spherical and chromatic aberration-corrected transmission electron microscopy techniques to solve materials problems in catalysts, battery materials, photovoltaic films, and ferroelectric, piezolectric, and

  6. Advanced Ground Source Heat Pump Technology for Very-Low-Energy Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lead Performer: Oak Ridge National Laboratory - Oak Ridge, TN Partners: -- ClimateMaster - Oklahoma City, OK -- Oklahoma State University - Stillwater, OK -- Oklahoma Gas & Electric - Oklahoma City, OK -- International Ground Source Heat Pump Association - Stillwater, OK -- Chinese Academy of Building Research - Beijing, China -- Tongji University - Shanghai, China -- Tianjin University - Tianjin, China -- Chongqin University - Chongqing, China

  7. Transforming Markets for Energy Efficiency Buildings in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert K. Watson; Barbara A. Finamore

    2002-09-30

    Program involved active support and participation in the development and implementation of a residential building energy consumption standards for the ''Transition Zone'' and ''Cooling Zone'' of China, with an implementation emphasis on Chongqing Municipality in southwestern China and, later, Shanghai Municipality. Beyond-code policies and programs, such as green building standards were also promoted.

  8. DOE Assistant Secretaries in China to Discuss Energy Cooperation |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Assistant Secretaries in China to Discuss Energy Cooperation DOE Assistant Secretaries in China to Discuss Energy Cooperation September 14, 2006 - 1:10pm Addthis BEIJING, CHINA - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs Karen A. Harbert and Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy Jeffrey Jarrett are in China this week to discuss energy cooperation between the United States and China. In Hangzhou, Assistant Secretary Harbert

  9. Performance prediction of refrigerant-DMF solutions in a single-stage solar-powered absorption refrigeration system at low generating temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, L.J.; Tang, L.M.; Chen, G.M.

    2009-11-15

    A theoretical analysis of the coefficient of performance was undertaken to examine the efficiency characteristics of R22 + DMF, R134a + DMF, R32 + DMF as working fluids, respectively, for a single-stage and intermittent absorption refrigerator which allows the use of heat pipe evacuated tubular collectors. The modeling and simulation of the performance considers both solar collector system and the absorption cooling system. The typical meteorological year file containing the weather parameters for Hangzhou is used to simulate the system. The results show that the system is in phase with the weather. In order to increase the reliability of the system, a hot water storage tank is essential. The optimum ratio of storage tank per solar collector area for Hangzhou's climate for a 1.0 kW system is 0.035-0.043L. Considering the relative low pressure and the high coefficient of performance, R134a + DMF mixture presents interesting properties for its application in solar absorption cycles at moderate condensing and absorbing temperatures when the evaporating temperatures in the range from 278 K to 288 K which are highly useful for food preservation and for air-conditioning in rural areas. (author)

  10. Effects of air pollution on children's respiratory health in three Chinese cities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qian, Z.; Chapman, R.S.; Tian, Q.; Chen, Y.; Lioy, P.J.; Zhang, J.

    2000-04-01

    During the winter of 1988--1989, parents of 2,789 elementary-school students completed standardized questionnaires. The students were 5--14 y of age and were from three urban districts and one suburban district of three large Chinese cities. The 4-y average ambient levels of total suspended particles in the three cities differed greatly during the period 1985--1988: Lanzhou, 1,067 {micro}g/m{sup 3}; urban Wuhan, 406 {micro}g/m{sup 3}; Guangzhou, 296 {micro}g/m{sup 3}; and suburban Wuhan, 191 {micro}g/m{sup 3}. The authors constructed unconditional logistic-regression models to calculate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for prevalences of several respiratory symptoms and illnesses, adjusted for district, use of coal in the home, and parental smoking status. There was a positive and significant association between total suspended particle levels and the adjusted odds ratios for couch, phlegm, hospitalization for diseases, and pneumonia. This association was derived from only the 1,784 urban children and, therefore, the authors were unable to extrapolate it to the suburban children. The results also indicated that parental smoking status was associated with cough and phlegm, and use of coal in the home was associated only with cough prevalence.

  11. Direct health effects of global warming in Japan and China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ando, M.; Yamamoto, S.; Tamura, K.

    1997-12-31

    Combustion of fossil fuels and industrial and agricultural activities are resulting in greater emissions of some greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere, therefore contributing to global warming. Using general circulation models, it is estimated that surface temperatures in temperate regions will rise 1 to 3 degrees C during the next 100 years. Because global warming may increase the frequency and length of high temperatures during hot summer months, various health risks caused by heat stress have been studied. According to our epidemiological survey, the incidence of heat-related illness was significantly correlated to hot environments in Tokyo, Japan and in Nanjing and Wuhan, China. The epidemiological results also showed that the incidence of heat-related morbidity and mortality in the elderly increased very rapidly in summer. The regression analysis on these data showed that the number of heat stroke patients increased exponentially when the mean daily temperature and maximum daily temperature exceeded 27C and 32C in Tokyo and 31C and 36C in Wuhan and Nanjing, respectively. Since the incidence of heat-related morbidity and mortality has been shown to increase as a result of exposure to long periods of hot summer temperatures, it is important to determine to what extent the incidence of heat stress-related morbidity and mortality will be affected as a result of global warming.

  12. Probe into Gaseous Pollution and Assessment of Air Quality Benefit under Sector Dependent Emission Control Strategies over Megacities in Yangtze River Delta, China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dong, Xinyi; Gao, Yang; Fu, Joshua S.; Li, Juan; Huang, Kan; Zhuang, G.; Zhou, Ying

    2013-11-01

    On February 29th 2012, China published its new National Ambient Air Quality Standard (CH-NAAQS) aiming at revising the standards and measurements for both gaseous pollutants including ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and sulfur dioxide (SO2), and also particle pollutants including PM10 and PM2.5. In order to understand the air pollution status regarding this new standard, the integrated MM5/CMAQ modeling system was applied over Yangtze River Delta (YRD) within this study to examine the criteria gaseous pollutants listed in the new CH-NAAQS. Sensitivity simulations were also conducted to assess the responses of gaseous pollutants under 8 different sector-dependent emission reduction scenarios in order to evaluate the potential control strategies. 2006 was selected as the simulation year in order to review the air quality condition at the beginning of China’s 11th Five-Year-Plan (FYP, from 2006 to 2010), and also compared with air quality status in 2010 as the end of 11th FYP to probe into the effectiveness of the national emission control efforts. Base case simulation showed distinct seasonal variation for gaseous pollutants: SO2, and NO2 were found to have higher surface concentrations in winter while O3 was found to have higher concentrations in spring and summer than other seasons. According to the analyses focused on 3 megacities within YRD, Shanghai, Nanjing, and Hangzhou, we found different air quality conditions among the cities: NO2 was the primary pollutant that having the largest number of days exceeding the CH-NAAQS daily standard (80 μg/m3) in Shanghai (59 days) and Nanjing (27 days); SO2 was the primary pollutant with maximum number of days exceeding daily air quality standard (150 μg/m3) in Hangzhou (28 days), while O3 exceeding the daily maximum 8-hour standard (160 μg/m3) for relatively fewer days in all the three cities (9 days in Shanghai, 14 days in Nanjing, and 11 days in Hangzhou). Simulation results from predefined potential applicable