Sample records for hakes 1993-2000 calvin

  1. Melvin Calvin

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighand Retrievals from aRod Eggert ImageMeetings HighSecurityMelvin Calvin

  2. South African Hake Sales Increase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South African Hake Sales Increase The Capeto\\\\ n Traw ler Com pan) Inin and J ohn~on. i e\\port1l1g

  3. Allen & Dorothy Calvin Doctoral Dissertation Grant The Allen & Dorothy Calvin Doctoral Dissertation Grants are awarded on a competitive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galles, David

    Allen & Dorothy Calvin Doctoral Dissertation Grant Overview The Allen & Dorothy Calvin Doctoral Dissertation Grants are awarded on a competitive basis to promising School of Education doctoral students process. REQUIRED DOCUMENTS · Completed Grant Application Form · Copy of the Dissertation Proposal Outline

  4. Real-world emissions from model year 1993, 2000, and 2010 passenger cars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ross, M.; Goodwin, R.; Watkins, R. [and others

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Air pollution by cars and light trucks is a major problem in metropolitan areas in the United States and around the world. Much of the discussion of this issue is based on the emissions per vehicle mile as determined under somewhat artificial testing conditions. The pollutants actually emitted vary considerably with the particular vehicle and the way it is driven, but the average emissions per mile are much higher than the test values. This report concerns the sources and levels of excess emissions, and the potential for reducing them. The history of automotive emissions regulation reveals remarkable success in reducing the emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC) and oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) from new automobiles - as measured in certification tests. The grams-per-mile (g/mile) standards for these tests are stringent, with 96% reductions mandated in comparison to the estimated pre-control (mid-1960s) levels for CO and HC; and 75% reductions mandated for NO{sub x}. Powerful new technologies have been developed and incorporated into every new vehicle in order to accomplish these reductions. Most noteworthy are the catalytic converter and closed-loop engine controls; the latter includes sensors before and after the engine proper, and computer analysis of the information leading to real-time control of fuel injection, with the principal objective of maintaining just the right chemical balance of fuel and air. The average lifetime real-world g/mile emissions associated with conventional gasoline fueled cars for model years 1993, 2000, and 2010 have been projected. Results are discussed.

  5. Hyperspectral Imaging At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Calvin...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Hyperspectral Imaging At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Calvin, Et Al., 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location...

  6. Calvin: Deterministic or Not? Free Will to Choose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derek R. Hower; Polina Dudnik; Mark D. Hill; David A. Wood

    Most shared memory systems maximize performance by unpredictably resolving memory races. Unpredictable memory races can lead to nondeterminism in parallel programs, which can suffer from hard-toreproduce hiesenbugs. We introduce Calvin, a shared memory model capable of executing in a conventional nondeterministic mode when performance is paramount and a deterministic mode when execution repeatability is important. Unlike prior hardware proposals for deterministic execution, Calvin exploits the flexibility of a memory consistency model weaker than sequential consistency. Specifically, Calvin logically orders memory operations into strata that are compatible with the Total Store Order (TSO). Calvin is also designed with the needs of future power-aware processors in mind, and does not require any speculation support. We develop a Calvin-MIST implementation that uses an unordered coalescing write cache, multiplewrite coherence protocol, and delayed (timebomb) invalidations while maintaining TSO compatibility. Results show that Calvin-MIST can execute workloads in conventional mode at speeds comparable to a conventional system (providing compatibility) or execute deterministically for a modest average slowdown of less than 20 % (when determinism is valued). 1.

  7. Groundwater Overdraft in California's Central Valley: Updated CALVIN Modeling Using Recent CVHM and C2VSIM Representations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lund, Jay R.

    i Groundwater Overdraft in California's Central Valley: Updated CALVIN Modeling Using Recent CVHM water demands, groundwater availability, and local water management opportunities. This update project focused on improving groundwater representation in CALVIN, which included changing CALVIN groundwater

  8. DIGITAL HYDROACOUSTIC DATA-PROCESSING SYSTEM AND ITS APPLICATION TO PACIFIC HAKE STOCK ASSESSMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DIGITAL HYDROACOUSTIC DATA-PROCESSING SYSTEM AND ITS APPLICATION TO PACIFIC HAKE STOCK ASSESSMENT IN PORT SUSAN,WASHINGTONI RICHARD E. THORNE2 ABSTRACT A digital hydroacoustic data-processing system be eliminated by suitable digital circuitry. Con- sequently, a digital processing system was de- signed

  9. A review of "Picturing Religious Experience: George Herbert, Calvin, and the Scriptures" by Daniel W. Doerksen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewton-Brain, Anna

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    #16;#17;#15; #29;#28;#27;#28;#26;#25;#28;#28;#26;#25;#24;-#23;#28;#26;#25;#22;#21;#20; #26;#28;#19;#29; Daniel W. Doerksen. Picturing Religious Experience: George Herbert, Calvin, and the Scriptures. Newark: University of Delaware Press, #18... picture of the many spiritual Con?icts that have past betwixt God and my Soul? ( )?holds the key, for Daniel Doerksen, to interpreting Herbert?s poetry in the light of Calvin?s biblical commentary. Indeed, Picturing Religious Experience: George Herbert...

  10. Crystal Potential Formula for the Calculation of Crystal Lattice Sums1 Don Steiger and Calvin Ahlbrandt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glaser, Rainer

    Crystal Potential Formula for the Calculation of Crystal Lattice Sums1 Don Steiger and Calvin; In Final Form: April 7, 1998 A new formula is derived for the determination of the potential energy of the central unit cell of a finite crystal; this formula is called the crystal potential formula. The crystal

  11. Detecting and Defending against Web-Server Fingerprinting Dustin Lee, Jeff Rowe, Calvin Ko, Karl Levitt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Detecting and Defending against Web-Server Fingerprinting Dustin Lee, Jeff Rowe, Calvin Ko, Karl of web servers and suggests possible defenses to the probing activity. General concepts of finger- printing and their application to the identification of Web servers, even where server information has been

  12. Common Mistakes in West Texas Alfalfa Production Calvin Trostle, Extension Agronomy, Texas A&M--Lubbock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    Common Mistakes in West Texas Alfalfa Production Calvin Trostle, Extension Agronomy, Texas A educational materials for alfalfa producers in the Texas High Plains and Far West Texas. Look for further's `Texas Alfalfa Production' (http://lubbock.tamu.edu/othercrops) to help you realistically fit acreage

  13. Suggested Summer Forage Seeding Rate Targets for West Texas Calvin Trostle, Extension agronomist, Lubbock, ctrostle@ag.tamu.edu, (806) 746-6101

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    Suggested Summer Forage Seeding Rate Targets for West Texas Calvin Trostle, Extension agronomist for different forages in the Texas Southern High Plains. Also check your seed dealer guidelines. Be sure until the forage heads out. Texas AgriLife- Amarillo data report that some BMR sorghum

  14. A review of "The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe." by Philip S. Gorski 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jakub Basista

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    72 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS Philip S. Gorski. The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. xviii + 249 pp. Paper $21.00. Review by JAKUB BASISTA... evades the proposed model and is an exception to the general process presented. Re- cently one more analysis of the process of formation of modern European states was proposed by Philip Gorski in his excellent work on the disciplinary revolution and its...

  15. A review of "The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe." by Philip S. Gorski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jakub Basista

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    72 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS Philip S. Gorski. The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. xviii + 249 pp. Paper $21.00. Review by JAKUB BASISTA... interpretations and suggestions and we do not seem to come closer to definite answers. Among the latter we can name the problem of the formation of the state in the early modern period in Europe. Numerous authors have taken up the challenge, and we...

  16. A review of "John Milton: An Annotated Bibliography, 1989-1999" by Calvin Huckabay and David V. Urban, edited by David V. Urban and Paul J. Klemp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isitt, Larry

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reviews 11 Calvin Huckabay and David V. Urban. John Milton: An Annotated Bibliography, 1989-1999. Ed. David V. Urban and Paul J. Klemp . Pittsburgh, PA: Duquesne University Press, 2011. xv + 488pp. $100.00 (cloth). Review by #30... annotated Milton bibliography of 2411 numbered entries of articles, books, reviews, col- lections, illustrations, translations, collections, and dissertations from 1989-1999. I am always amazed at the meticulous work involved in assembling reference...

  17. "Parametric Process Optimization to Improve the Accuracy of Rapid Prototyped Stereolithography Parts," Jack Zhou, Dan Herscovici & Calvin Chen, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, No.40, 1-17,1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Jack

    are integrated manufacturing processes that include CAD/CAM, control of laser devices, materials, manufacturing Parts," Jack Zhou, Dan Herscovici & Calvin Chen, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture defaulted and user selected manufacturing parameters. Accuracy is evaluated by dimensional errors, form

  18. STATEMENT OF JAY E. HAKES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the growing use of computers and the Internet on electricity consumption. The Energy Information, the private sector, and academia for their own energy analyses. Each year EIA publishes the Annual Energy Outlook, which provides projections and analysis of domestic energy consumption, supply, prices

  19. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    technology however: electronic engine control chips for saleobtained using a special electronic engine control chip thatfor two electronic management schemes for the engine: the

  20. Functional design criteria for FY 1993-2000 groundwater monitoring wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, B.A.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this revision is to update the Line Item Project, 93-L-GFW-152 Functional Design Criteria (FDC) to reflect changes approved in change control M-24-91-6, Engineering Change Notices (ECNs), and expand the scope to include subsurface investigations along with the borehole drilling. This revision improves the ability and effectiveness of maintaining RCRA and Operational groundwater compliance by combining borehole and well drilling with subsurface data gathering objectives. The total projected number of wells to be installed under this project has decreased from 200 and the scope has been broadened to include additional subsurface investigation activities that usually occur simultaneously with most traditional borehole drilling and monitoring well installations. This includes borehole hydrogeologic characterization activities, and vadose monitoring. These activities are required under RCRA 40 CFR 264 and 265 and WAC 173-303 for site characterization, groundwater and vadose assessment and well placement.

  1. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    emissions. To control running loss emissions, CARBhas established a running loss emission standard of 0.05during vehicle operation. 3) Running losses, the evaporative

  2. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cars B.2. Cold Start Emissions of Properly-Functioning CarsDriving B.5. Malfunctioning Exhaust Emissions Controls C.and California Tailpipe Emission Standards References List o

  3. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    crude refining, and gasoline transportation, storage, andO, and gasoline transportation, storage, and distribution (gasoline evaporates during transportation, storage, and

  4. Beilage zur Reformierten Presse Calvin Ambivalenzen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jäger, Gerhard

    ©Kirchenblatt/Protestant/EPD/Reformierte Presse, 23.Jahrgang 3 Die tragende Rolle Berns für die Reformation in Genf Martin Sallmann 5 Calvinismus-1204 Genčve. Tél: +41 22 310 24 31. info@musee-reforme.ch). Wenn dieses Heft erscheint, geht das «Calvinjahr» seinem Ende entgegen. Vieles war an dem Reformator neu oder wieder zu entdecken: zuerst die

  5. Calvin 2015 Peer Review Poster Reduced

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy Change Request |82:91:4ApplicationsofCompetes Among

  6. Melvin Calvin and Carbon in Photosynthesis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your Home andDispositionMechanicalAbout UsHomelevel

  7. Suitability of Red Hake, Urophycis chuss, and Silver Hake, Merluccius bilinearis, for Processing Into Surimi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    which is widely used to make analog seafood products resembling crab meat, scallops, shrimp, etc substrate TMAO, and the addition of sucrose and sorbitol, which retards freeze denaturation of proteins

  8. Problem Solving and Psychological Traps* Jennifer Priestley and William Hakes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Priestley, Jennifer Lewis

    of Kazakhstan greater than 20 million? B. What is the population of Kazakhstan? If you are like most people

  9. argentine hake merluccius: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diet by constituent species. Using results from laboratory diet manipulations and monthly sampling of field. The shift in d15 N values in response to the experimental diet...

  10. Guar in West Texas Calvin Trostle, Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    .g., a component of fracking fluids) #12;A Few Thoughts · Uses range from a company needing a few tons to make tens fracking job could require 80 acres of guar production (750 lbs./A) #12;Guar Economics · Guar is a crop

  11. Last Updated: 28 October 2008 Douglas D. Calvin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anstreicher, Kurt M.

    and completed the Executive Program at Stanford University Graduate School of Business in 1988. His background & Iron, Portec, and Wisconsin Energy. From 1968 until his retirement in 2003, Doug was a vital member as a member of the Price Waterhouse Audit and Business Advisory Services Council and as Great Lakes region

  12. Hyperspectral Imaging At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Calvin, Et Al.,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEIHesperia, California:ProjectProgramsAlteration JumpDixieHyper2010) |

  13. Estimating Total Length of Headless White Hake, Urophycis tenuis, Landed in Maine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Urophycis tenuis, oc- curs in continental waters between the Gulf of the St. Lawrence and the Mid- dle

  14. STOMACH CONTENTS AND FOOD CONSUMPTION ESTIMATES OF PACIFIC HAKE, MERLUCCIUS PRODUCTUS 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for a variety of fish in the ecosystem: great white sharks, Car- charodon carcharias; soupfin sharks, Galeorhinus zyopterus; Pacific electric ray, T01-pedo californica; bonito, Sarda chiliensis; albacore, Thunnus

  15. Carbon Nanotube Based Supercapacitors Calvin Davis, Georgia Institute of Technology, SURF 2010 Fellow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    density, which is why much research has been put into super capacitors. Supercapacitors, or electric of electrical energy storage are capacitors and batteries. Capacitors are normally known for having a high power double layer capacitors, generally use a high surface area carbon based material for the electrodes

  16. Hyperspectral Imaging At Fish Lake Valley Area (Littlefield & Calvin, 2010)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtel JumpCounty, Texas: EnergyHy9Moat of Long| Open Energy Information

  17. Marine Fisheries On the cover: Gulf of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honeycombing and Collagen Breakdown in Skipjack Tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis Suitability of Red Hake, Urophycis

  18. PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN FROM POST-CONSUMER WASTES Stefan Czernik, Richard French, Calvin Feik, and Esteban Chornet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -stage process: fast pyrolysis to convert polymers to a gas/vapor stream of monomers and other low in a fixed bed of a commercial catalyst located in the upper part of the reactor. The product gas steam reforming of hydrocarbons: natural gas and naphtha. However, the instability of the prices

  19. Photosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calvin, Melvin

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Diuision. Ext. 5545 PHOTOSYNTHESIS BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA ThisNo. W- 7405-eng-48 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Melvin Calvin July 1957Energy Commission UCRL- 3848 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Melvin Calvin

  20. FURTHER STUDIES ON STERILITY PRODUCED IN MALE MICE BY DEUTERIUM OXIDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Ann M.; Bennett, Edward L.; Calvin, Melvin.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gIz HUGHES, A.M. , E.L. BENNETT, and M. CALVIN. 1959. Froe.Ann M. Hughes, Edward L. Bennett, and Melvin Calvin June

  1. INSTITUT NATIONAL POLYTECHNIQUE DE GRENOBLE N attribue par la biblioth`eque

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Fabien Boulanger, Anne Boulin, Guillaume Brillant (les cours de combustion...), Chris- tophe Calvin

  2. Student No. NAME CLASS Project Title Project Teacher DEPT Remarks 2012563535 Adiputra Calvin EComE Study of digital fingerprinting techniques Dr. T.I. Yuk EEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leung, Ka-Cheong

    Chun Hin EE High efficiency battery bank with GaN devices Dr. M.H. Pong EEE 2010545280 Lam Kai Chun Ho EE Parallel Computing of Load Flow Analysis on OpenCL Dr. C.K. Lee EEE 3035023661 Chen Yibo ECom

  3. Guar Varieties and P Fertility at AGCARES, Lamesa, TX, 2001-2003 Calvin Trostle, Texas Cooperative Extension--Lubbock, c-trostle@tamu.edu, (806) 746-6101;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    . Justin Tuggle, CropDocs Consulting, Brownfield, TX, and it was seeded at a rate of ~5 lbs./A due and net return on variable costs: At $12.50-14.25/cwt. (contracted with West Texas Guar, Brownfield, TX, Brownfield) $14.25 $14.00 $12.50 Gross return $78.25 $122.50 $87.50 Variable costs of production $54.25 $56

  4. area southwest china: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    pattern of Argentine hake (Merluccius hubbsi) affect 115 Southwest Research Institute San Antonio, Texas outhwest Research Institute Physics Websites Summary: Southwest...

  5. Spring 2010 Student Presentations CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .m. Room: SB-36 EERC Title: CNC Router Table Team Members: Seow Chung Goh (Calvin), Erik Peterson, Ashley

  6. Production of N-sulfated polysaccharides using yeast-expressed N-deacetylase/N-sulfotransferase-1 (NDST-1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xi

    Hakes, and Jin Wang Neose Technologies, Inc., 102 Witmer Road, Horsham, PA 19044 Received on February 4 II membrane- bound Golgi enzymes, which use the biological high-energy sulfate donor, adenosine 30

  7. HYDROCARBONS FROM AUSTRALIAN OIL, 200 MILLION YEARS OLD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Hoeven, William; Haug, Pat; Burlingame, A.L.; Calvin, Kelvin.

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Moonie Oil "Branched- Cyclic" Hydrocarbon FractionNo. W -7405 -eng -48 HYDROCARBONS FROM AUSTRALIAN OIL, 200and Melvin Calvin July HYDROCARBONS FROM AUSTRALIAN OIL, 200

  8. Hyperspectral Imaging At Fish Lake Valley Area (Littlefield ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Fish Lake Valley Area (Littlefield & Calvin, 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Hyperspectral Imaging At Fish Lake Valley Area...

  9. QUANTUM CONVERSION IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calvin, Melvin

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    QUANTUM CONVERSION IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS Melvin Calvin Januaryas it occurs in modern photosynthesis can only take place inof the problem or photosynthesis, or any specific aspect of

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - anomaly grass valley Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to work in partnership with the geothermal... Calvin, Mark Coolbaugh, and Chris Kratt Remote Sensing for Mapping Mineralogy and Thermal Anomalies Hymap Source: Faulds, James E....

  11. Preliminary Evaluation of Removing Used Nuclear Fuel from Shutdown...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    for photos of barge transport; Elena A. Kalinina for TSL-CALVIN simulations; Larisa Smith for coordinating logistics; and Cornelia Brim and Susan Tackett for editing and...

  12. Multispectral Imaging At Buffalo Valley Hot Springs Area (Littlefield...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Imaging Sensor ASTER Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes ASTER airborne remote sensing. References E. Littlefield, W. Calvin (2009) Remote Sensing For Geothermal...

  13. atomic binding energy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Calvin W. Johnson; Joshua T. Staker 2012-08-30 2 Estimating ProteinLigand Binding Free Energy: Atomic Solvation Parameters for Partition Coefficient and Biotechnology...

  14. Variation in the Maternal Corticotrophin Releasing Hormone-Binding Protein (CRH-BP) Gene and Birth Weight in Blacks, Hispanics and Whites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sonja Entringer 2 , Claudia Buss 2 , Roger Smith 6 , CalvinPD, Simhan HN, Entringer S, Buss C, Smith R, et al. (2012)

  15. A review of "Prince Henry Revived. Image and Exemplarity in Early Modern England" by Timothy Wilks, ed.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cormack, Lesley B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?s unconsummated reign, and by inference, what might have been. The images of Henry examined in this volume told a consistent story. Henry was the hope for international Calvinism (although as D.J.B. Trim argues, James was not as opposed to Calvinism...

  16. A review of "Patronage and Humanist Literature in the Age of the Jagiellons: Court and Career in the Writings of Rudolf Agricola Junior, Valentin Eck, and Leonard Cox" by Jacquiline Glomski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basista, Jakub

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?s unconsummated reign, and by inference, what might have been. The images of Henry examined in this volume told a consistent story. Henry was the hope for international Calvinism (although as D.J.B. Trim argues, James was not as opposed to Calvinism...

  17. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation into the Viability of a Waste Heat Powered Greenhouse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    into the Viability of a Waste Heat Powered Greenhouse Do Youl Bae, Calvin Ng, Joseph Pateman University of British Investigation into the Viability of a Waste Heat Powered Greenhouse Do Youl Bae Calvin Ng Joseph Pateman March a microbrewery. In order to assess the viability of any potential structures to use this waste heat energy

  18. 2013 Fall : Distinguished Honors Distinguished

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasman, Alex

    Distinguished Britton Eric John Distinguished Brown Amy Austin Distinguished Brown Andrew Irvan Distinguished Brown Jillian Rochell Distinguished Brown Nicholas William Distinguished Brown Shannon Elizabeth Distinguished Calvin Bro Elena Distinguished Campanaro Margaret Holland Distinguished Campbell Carla Elizabeth

  19. Bachelor of Fine Arts Lindsey Michelle Allen, Art

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    Bachelor of Fine Arts Lindsey Michelle Allen, Art Todd Christopher Baran, Art Mindy Lynnette Bryant Emily Dian Buford, Psychology Brennen Gail Bushnell, English Andrea Jeanne Calvin, English Erica Marie

  20. NASA HISTORY: CALENDAR YEAR 2006 IN REVIEW I. Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : NASA's Nuclear Program at Plum Brook Station, 1955-2005 (NASA SP-2006-4317), by Mark D. Bowles Vehicle (NASA SP- 2006-4535), by Gene J. Matranga, C. Wayne Ottinger, Calvin R. Jarvis with D. Christian

  1. THE PATH OF CARBON IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calvin, Melvin Nobel Prize lecture

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Path ot Carbon in Photosynthesis. Science" l2J. , 476 (48 THE PATH OF CARBON IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS Melvin Calvin Nobel8-A Fig. 1. Elementary photosynthesis scheme. DES IOU OF THE

  2. Photosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calvin, M.; Bassham, J.A.; Benson, A.A.; Massini, P.

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    No, W-7405-eng-~$8 PHOTOSYNTHESIS M, Calvin, J, A , Bassham,of t h e processes of photosynthesis i n r e c e n t years,dioxide reduetien in photosynthesis together with some o b s

  3. Embodied cognition in robots and human evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myhrvold, Conor L. (Conor Lachlan)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates the notion of embodied cognition in humans using the research of former University of Washington researcher William Calvin and robots using the research of former MIT professor Rodney Brooks. The ...

  4. Technical Notes Attenuated Total Reflection Design for in Situ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCusker, James K.

    Hendrik Visser,, Aimee E. Curtright, James K. McCusker,,§ and Kenneth Sauer*,, Melvin Calvin Laboratory, 305-308. (2) Ashley, K. Talanta 1991, 38, 1209-1218. (3) Foley, J. K.; Pons, S. Anal. Chem. 1985, 57

  5. TRITIUM INCORPORATION STUDIES IN PHOTO-SYNTHETIC BACTERIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dehner, Thomas R.; Chan, W.-S.; Caple, Marianne B.; Calvin, M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    W-7405-eng-48 UCRL-17749 I TRITIUM INCORPORATION STUDIES INand M. Calvin July 1967 TRITIUM INCORPOWION STUDIES I Ntransport, w are studying t h e tritium labeling pattern e i

  6. A Novel Approach: Religious Epistemology in Marilynne Robinson's Gilead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGregor, Jonathan D.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    ; it is a universal human endowment also universally suppressed because of original sin. Only divine grace can repair one's mind to perceive God rightly. Robinson and Ames inherit this epistemology from the Reformation theologian John Calvin, whose...

  7. PETROLEUM PLANTATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calvin, Melvin

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Science 198, 942 (1977). Petroleum Plantations (continued)Diu is ion, Ext. 6782 PETROLEUM PLANT AT I ONs''e MelvinJapan April 1, 1978 PETROLEUM PLANTATIONS Melvin Calvin

  8. Water Conservation and Technology Center, director to focus on statewide water issues 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WAT E R CONSERVATION & TECHNOLOGY CENTER Securing Our Water Future 28 tx H2O Summer 2012 Story by Kathy Wythe Dr. Calvin Finch, new director of the Water Conservation and Technology Center. #31;e newly established Water Conservation... and Technology Center (WCTC) in San Antonio will accelerate development, testing and adopting of new and innovative technologies to help solve water problems and meet water supply needs for Texas. Dr. Calvin Finch, formerly with the San Antonio Water System...

  9. Water Conservation and Technology Center, director to focus on statewide water issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WAT E R CONSERVATION & TECHNOLOGY CENTER Securing Our Water Future 28 tx H2O Summer 2012 Story by Kathy Wythe Dr. Calvin Finch, new director of the Water Conservation and Technology Center. #31;e newly established Water Conservation... and Technology Center (WCTC) in San Antonio will accelerate development, testing and adopting of new and innovative technologies to help solve water problems and meet water supply needs for Texas. Dr. Calvin Finch, formerly with the San Antonio Water System...

  10. Inheritance of mature green fruit color in cucumber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Gregory Calvin

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INHERITANCE OF MATURE GREEN FRUIT COLOR IN CUCUMBER A Thesis by GREGORY CALVIN PETERSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1986... Major Subject: plant Breeding INHERITANCE OF MATURE GREEN FRUIT COLOR IN CUCUMBER A Thesis by GREGORY CALVIN PETERSON Approved as to style and content by: Leonard M. Pike (Chairman of Committee) J. Creighton Miller, J (Member) James D. Smith...

  11. The rainfall patterns associated with tropical storm Felice of September 1970

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norton, Lewis Calvin

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE RAINFALL PATTERNS ASSOCIATED WITH TROPICAL STORM FELICE OF SEPTEMBER 1970 A Thesis by LEWIS CALVIN NORTON Submitted to the Graduate College of Tc. . as ARM Univers ty in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1976 Major Subject: Meteorology THE RAINFALL PATTERNS ASSOCIATED WITH TROPICAL STORM FELICE OF SEPTEMBER 1970 A Thesis by LEWIS CALVIN NORTON Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department) (Member...

  12. Effects of short duration grazing on white-tailed deer in the Edwards PLateau and Rio Grande Plain of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Calvin Lemuiel

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECTS OF SHORT DURATION GRAZING ON WHITE-TAILED DEER IN THE EDWARDS PLATEAU AND RIO GRANDE PLAIN OF TEXAS A Thesis by CALVIN LEMUIEL RICHARDSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM L'niversity in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1986 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences EFFECTS OF SHORT DURATION GRAZING ON WHITE-TAILED DEER IN THE EDWARDS PLATEAU AND RIO GRANDE PLAIN OF TEXAS A Thesis by CALVIN LEMUIEL...

  13. The Atlantic white-sided dolphin (Lagenorhynchus acutus) is restricted

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of 40 stranded L. acutus examined from Cobscook Bay, Maine, contained one silver hake, nine shortfin°N) in the western North Atlantic, and from Norway to the Bay of Biscay in the eastern North Atlantic in Trinity Bay, New- foundland, also contained Atlantic herring and northern shortfin squid (Sergeant

  14. The study of time-delay systems and their analog computer simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Calvin Davis

    1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE STUDY OP TIME-DELAY SYSTEMS AND THEIR ANALOG COMPUTER SIMULATION A Thesis by Calvin D. Campbell Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OP SCIENCE May, 1961 Major Sub)ect: Electrical Engineering THE STUDY OP TIW-DELAY SYSTEMS AND THEIR ANALOG CONPUTER SINULATION f k Thesis by Calvin D. Campbell Approved as to st le and content by: C' ( (Chairman of Committee) (Head...

  15. The effect of stage of maturity of Tracy sorghum silage on milk production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rinn, Calvin Arthur

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1963 Thesis R582 THE EFFECT OF STAOE OF NITJEITY OF TRACT SOROH4N SI4LGK OH Miami PROJUCTIOX hy Calvin Arthur Sinn Suhaitted to the Graduate Scbool uf the Agricultural and Hschanicsl College of Tesaa in partial fulfilbaent of the requi...~ta for the degree of i%STER OF SCIENCE Jygassy 1943 Ns)or Suh)ect: Oairy Science THE EFFECT OF STA& OF NATIVITY OF TRACY SORGHQN SIIAW Od ?ELK PRODQCTIOH Sy Calvin Artbur Rinn Approved ee to style snd content Sy: (Chsimen of Ccsseittee) (Reed of Depsrteent...

  16. The breeding biology of the Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) in Burleson and Washington Counties, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newnam, John Calvin

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE BREEDING BI CLOG Y OF THE CLIFF SWALLOW (BETROCHELIDON PYRRHONOTA) IN BURIESON AND WASHINGTON COUNTIES, TEXAS A Thesis uOHN CALVIN NEWNAM Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial f'ulfillmert of the requirement... tor the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1980 Major Sub iect: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences THE BREEDING BIOLOGY OF THE CLIFF SWALLOW (PETROCHI'IIDON P YRRHONO TA) IN BURLES ON AND WASHII' G TON COUNTIES, TEXAS A Thesis by JOHN CALVIN NEWNAM...

  17. Effects of atmospheric conditions and control surface deflections on vortex characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shenkir, Calvin Edward

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    'lDITIONS AND CONTIIOL SURFACE DFFLFCTIONS ON 'JORTEX CHARACTERISTICS A Thesis by CALVIN EDLIARD 'HENlXIR, DR, Approved as to sty1e and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head 0; Depart;nant) f "1 {l'leniber ) Hay 197R !TSSIRACT Fffects of !". I. ;os, -'" I...-ic Conditions and Coriti. o1 SLI. Face Deil ections on Vot- ex CI1!?racieristics ('Iay 1972) Calvin Fd', 'at-d Shenkir, dr. , B. S. , Texas (t&il Univei sity rDII ected by: Dr. Charles I(, Rode it rger Large transpor t airp1aiic. s such as the Roe I'Ig 7II...

  18. Neutron Stimulated Emission Computed Tomography of Stable Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on the development of a new molecular imaging technique using inelastic scattering of fast neutrons. Earlier studies characteristic gamma photons through inelastic scattering of an external neutron beam. These stable isotopes canNeutron Stimulated Emission Computed Tomography of Stable Isotopes Carey E. Floyd Jr.*ab , Calvin

  19. The School of Music of the College of Arts and Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    and Allegro Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) Emily Weisel, trumpet Judith Bible, piano Concerto JBG Neruda 1. Allegro (c. 1708-1790) Bryan Daniels, trumpet Julian Calvin, piano Wachet Auf Johann Sebastian-1828) Joseph Greer, trumpet Judith Bible, piano Sonate Thorvald Hansen I. Allegro con brio (1847-1915) Grant

  20. MATHEMATICAL DERIVATION OF AN ALTERNATIVE FAST MULTIPOLE METHOD.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glaser, Rainer

    MATHEMATICAL DERIVATION OF AN ALTERNATIVE FAST MULTIPOLE METHOD. Don Steiger,a Calvin Ahlbrandt Multipole Method (FMM). The basic form of the FMM formula is given in equation 1. Equation 1 leads naturally for a more efficient implementation of a fast multipole algorithm. In this presentation, the mathematical

  1. Histoire(de(l'Astronomie( par(Thomas(Widemann((

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demoulin, Pascal

    (­(De(la(Renaissance(au(XVIIe(siècle( ! ! ! ! ! ( 1480I1620( I(I(La(Révolution(copernicienne( (Nicolas(Copernic((1473I1543)( (Tycho(Brahé((1546I1601(Atahualpa(sur(ordre(de(Pizarro( 1541(I(Calvin((1509I1564)(Institution(de(la(religion(Chrétienne((France)( 1543(I(Copernic

  2. Name Class PMAJ1 Abbasi, Mahad SR OSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Pak Kin

    Balagopal, Tulika C. SR BE Balthazar, Michael A SR AEE Barnum, Matthew Nien Yi SO CHE Barzanjy, Zanyar, William Cyrus SR MEE Finkelstein, Aubrey J SR ENGR Fleischman, Megan Ashley SR MEE Fox, Bradley Hyland SR, Ari Joseph SR ENGR Goldstein, Samuel Jacob SR OSE Gosla, Calvin Bernard, III SR AEE Grosman, Joshua

  3. SDSU GRADUATE BULLETIN 2014-2015 159 OFFICE: Geology/Mathematics/Computer Science 206H

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallo, Linda C.

    of Biology Samuel S. P. Shen, Ph.D., Albert W. Johnson Distinguished Professor of Mathematics Fridolin Weber of Statistics Calvin W. Johnson, Ph.D., Professor of Physics Scott T. Kelley, Ph.D., Professor of Biology Sunil of Statistics Joseph M. Mahaffy, Ph.D., Professor of Mathematics Eugene A. Olevsky, Ph.D., Albert W. Johnson

  4. Texas High Plains Supplement to Texas Alfalfa Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    "Spring Fever Alfalfa­The Pitfalls of Spring Seeding Alfalfa in West Texas," by Calvin Trostle (MarchTexas High Plains Supplement to Texas Alfalfa Production Texas Cooperative Extension Bulletin B through puts them near 8 gpm/A. Notes about `Texas Alfalfa Production' B-5017 from Texas Cooperative

  5. Alfalfa Production Texas High Plains/Far West Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    Alfalfa Production Texas High Plains/Far West Texas Calvin Trostle Extension Agronomy, Lubbock 806.746.6101 ctrostle@ag.tamu.edu #12;Observations in West Texas · Our best alfalfa producers don't have a massive farm for sound, timely production practices · Lots of water! #12;Current West Texas Problems · Misunderstanding

  6. Supplemental Insert for "Managing Insect Pests of Texas Sunflower,"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    may refer to the discussion on sunflower head moth in "Common Concerns in West Texas SunflowerSupplemental Insert for "Managing Insect Pests of Texas Sunflower," Publication L-1488 (January, 1998) Carl Patrick, Extension Entomology, Texas A&M­Amarillo, (806) 359-5401, c-patrick@tamu.edu Calvin

  7. Spring Fever Alfalfa The Pitfalls of Spring Seeding Alfalfa in West Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    Spring Fever Alfalfa­ The Pitfalls of Spring Seeding Alfalfa in West Texas Calvin Trostle producers are thinking about planting in the spring which is not recommended in West Texas for several, Extension Agronomy, Texas A&M­Lubbock, (806) 746-6101, c-trostle@tamu.edu Updated February 2003 I have

  8. Texas Agricultural Extension Service The Texas A&M University System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    results are from four 1999 studies that were conducted in cooperation among West Texas Guar ContractorTexas Agricultural Extension Service The Texas A&M University System 1999 Studies for Guar, Texas growers and Calvin Trostle, Texas Ag. Extension Service, Lubbock. Each study represents the results

  9. Texas Agricultural Extension Service The Texas A&M University System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    for West TexasGuar Production Factsheet for West TexasGuar Production Factsheet for West TexasGuar Production Factsheet for West Texas Calvin Trostle, Extension Agronomy, Texas A&MCLubbock (806) 746-6101; c performance in West Texas. Kinman and Esser have the longest track record, but Santa Cruz and Lewis appeared

  10. Last Recommended Planting Date for Sunflower in the Texas High Plains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    are some practical suggestions for the last recommended planting date in West Texas. The objectiveLast Recommended Planting Date for Sunflower in the Texas High Plains Calvin Trostle, Extension be planted in the Texas South Plains and the Texas Panhandle with minimal risk for maturing a good yielding

  11. Twenty-five years of artificial photosynthesis research at Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Otvos, J.W.; Calvin, M.

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the research done on artificial photosynthesis by the Calvin Group between 1970 and 1995 when the program was terminated. It contains a compilation of the personnel involved as well as a bibliography of publications supported by the project.

  12. Phytoplankton Photosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kudela, Raphael M.

    Phytoplankton Photosynthesis · RedOx Reactions · Some more history · Quantum Yields · Photosynthetic Units · Physical Structure · The Z-Scheme · The Calvin-Benson Cycle · Measuring Photosynthesis #12) Heat 3) Photosynthesis So in our new terms, the QUANTUM YIELD of photosynthesis goes up as the quantum

  13. BioMed Central Page 1 of 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    BioMed Central Page 1 of 4 (page number not for citation purposes) Biotechnology for Biofuels Open AccessEditorial Welcome to Biotechnology for Biofuels Bärbel Hahn-Hägerdal*1, Michael E Himmel2, Chris Calvin Laboratory, MC 5230, Berkeley CA 94720-5230, USA and 4Center for Environmental Research

  14. Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 27, Part 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 27, Part 2 CONTENTS The Kinnikinic Quartzite ........................................................Robert Q. Oaks,Jr., and W . Calvin James Geology of the Sage Valley 7 W'Quadrangle, Caribou County, Idaho, and Lincoln County, Wyoming ....................J ohn L. Conner Geology of the Elk Valley Quadrangle, Bear

  15. A Comprehensive Approach to DRAM Power Management Ibrahim Hur

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Calvin

    A Comprehensive Approach to DRAM Power Management Ibrahim Hur Calvin Lin IBM Corporation- ing the memory controller to improve DRAM energy effi- ciency and manage DRAM power. We make three to manage power and energy; and (3) for situations in which additional DRAM power re- duction is needed, we

  16. Rope Culture of the Kelp Laminaria groenlandica in Alaska

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rope Culture of the Kelp Laminaria groenlandica in Alaska ROBERT J. ELLIS and NATASHA I. CALVIN beach and subtidal area. Introduction The brown seaweed or kelp, Lam- inaria groenlandica, which, Clupea harengus pallasi, eggs on kelp in Prince William Sound. In British Columbia, L. groen- landica

  17. Icarus 144, 210242 (2000) doi:10.1006/icar.1999.6290, available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Jack D.

    . Zurek,2 Jeffrey R. Barnes,7 Bruce G. Bills,8 Erik W. Blake,9 Wendy M. Calvin,4 Jonathan M. Cameron,2 Michael H. Carr,10 Philip R. Christensen,11 Benton C. Clark,12 Gary D. Clow,13 James A. Cutts,2 Dorthe

  18. IMPROVING CALIFORNIA WATER MANAGEMENT: OPTIMIZING VALUE AND FLEXIBILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    are: 1) "Shortage" is an imprecise and outmoded concept for water management in California. Economicv IMPROVING CALIFORNIA WATER MANAGEMENT: OPTIMIZING VALUE AND FLEXIBILITY EXECUTIVE SUMMARY October of California http://cee.engr.ucdavis.edu/faculty/lund/CALVIN/ "When the well's dry, we know the worth of water

  19. A review of "John Donne and the Protestant Reformation: New Perspectives" by Mary Arshaguni Papazian.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeffrey Powers-Beck

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of England, calling him a ?moderate Calvinist.? Likewise, in the second essay in the book, Jeanne Shami describes Donne?s theol- ogy as a ?middle way? between the opposing camps at the Synod of Dort (1618-1619), and thus a qualified form of Calvinism...

  20. I) EXAS AIR CONTROL BLAR

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    I) EXAS AIR CONTROL BLAR 6330 HWY. 290 EAST, AUSTIN, TEXAS 78723, 512451-5711 DICK WHmINGTON, P.E. JOHN L. BLAIR CHAIRMAN MARCUS M. KEY, M.D. CALVIN 8. PARNELL, JR., Ph.D., P.E....

  1. RESEARCH ARTICLE Evolutionary Insights on C4 Photosynthetic Subtypes in Grasses from Genomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Nadir

    beneficial, es- pecially under high air temperature and low CO2 concen- trations (Ehleringer et al. 1997; Muhaidat et al. 2007). In the C4 pathway, atmospheric CO2 is fixed in the mesophyll cells into the bundle­sheath layer cells, where their decarboxylation releases CO2 for the Calvin­Benson cycle

  2. Structural Organization of Photosynthetic Apparatus in Agranal Chloroplasts of Maize*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and converted into the energy-rich molecule ATP and the reducing equivalents (in the form of water of biomass, food, and fossil fuels. In the first step of photosynthesis, the solar energy is captured for fixation and reduction of CO2 during the photosynthetic dark reactions of the Calvin- Benson cycle. Spatial

  3. Factors Affecting Photosynthesis!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kudela, Raphael M.

    grow faster, die younger as temperature increases ·In general, warm water species are smaller and have transporters (nutrients) It slows down (curves) because the dark reactions can't process fast enough Light and NADPH Therefore, some of the energy from PSII and PSI goes to nutrients, NOT to the Calvin- Benson

  4. Investigation of an empirical methodology for linking value of time with census tract median income

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stockton, William Radney

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    of Committee, Roger Smith Committee Members, Donald Smith Timothy Lomax Calvin Woods Head of Department, David Rosowsky December 2006 Major Subject: Civil Engineering iii ABSTRACT Investigation of an Empirical Methodology... ? President George Bush Turnpike, Dallas/Ft. Worth, TX .................19 7 Schematic of travel time data collection ..............................................................21 8 Simulation distribution of travel time differences...

  5. Clock Award Recipients Department of Art and Art History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    . Agham-Bayan Posadas Orrin Shindell Anderson Trimm Department of Psychology Adam Cobb Dr. Lauretta Reeves Ferguson Sharon Lee Dr. Mary Velasquez Dr. Christopher Salas-Wright Jennifer Scott Sarah Sloan Julie Speir Laura Swan Dr. Calvin Streeter Dean of Students-Student Emergency Services Krista Anderson Division

  6. Optimization of row spacing and nitrogen fertilization for cotton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clawson, Ernest Leslie

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    rows. One recommendation is to achieve between 247,100 to 395,360 plants per hectare for UNR cotton (BASF Corporation, 1999). In conventional cotton 74,176 to 123,550 plants per hectare has been recommended in California (Hake et al., 1996a... recommendation, not directed toward a particular state, is 247,097 to 395,355 plants ha-1 (BASF, 1999). The 76-cm row spacing plant population means in this study fell within the recommendations for conventional rows, and the 19-cm means were within...

  7. Area Monitoring Dosimeter Program for the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Results for CY 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bivins, Steven R.; Stoetzel, Gregory A.

    2001-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) established an area monitoring dosimeter program in accordance with Article 514 of the Department of Energy (DOE) Radiological Control Manual (RCM) in January 1993. This program is to minimize the number of areas requiring issuance of personnel dosimeters and to demonstrate that doses outside Radiological Buffer Areas are negligible. In accordance with 10 CFR Part 835.402 (a) (1)-(4) and Article 511.1 of the DOE Standard Radiological Control, personnel dosimetry shall be provided to 1) radiological workers who are likely to receive at least 100 mrem annually, and 2) declared pregnant workers, minors, and members of the public who are likely to receive at least 50 mrem annually. Program results for calendar years 1993-2000 confirm that personnel dosimetry is not needed for individuals located in areas monitored by the program.

  8. Peach Tree Pruning.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, Calvin G.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    8-1550 Texas Agricultural Extension Service -...,..-- PeTREE PRUNING Texas Agricultural Extension Service. Zerle L. Carpenter, Director. The Texas A&M University System. College Station, Texas (Blank... Pa..e ln ~O~BldletinJ . -/., .~ . :~. ' .:' .; f.' ):, . ~- :: ; ',': } . .. ~ '::, PEACH TREE PRUNING Calvin G. Lyons* Peaches are pruned in several ways in the U.S. depending on the area, rainfall, grower preference and tradition...

  9. Tuesday, March 24, 2009 MARS POLAR CAPS: PAST AND PRESENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    . Safaeinili A. Smrekar S. E. Milkovich S. M. Nunes D. C. Campbell B. A. Carter L. M. Holt J. W. Seu R. Orosei, and possible flow. 9:30 a.m. Winebrenner D. P. * Koutnik M. R. Waddington E. D. Pathare A. V. Byrne S. Murray B this stratigraphic framework, we discuss Planum Australe's geologic history. 10:45 a.m. Brown A. J. * Calvin W. M

  10. Producing And Marketing Texas Citrus.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, Calvin G. Jr; Maxwell, Norman P.; Dean, Herbert; Deer, James A.; Hart, William G.; Amador, Jose M.; Powell, Gordon

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AUTHORS 1. TEXAS CITRUS - ITS HISTORY AND CULTURE CALVIN G.LVONS, jR., Area Horticulturist (Citrus), Texas Agricultural Exten- sion Service, Weslaco, Texas . NORMAN P. MAXWELL, Associate Professor (Fruit Crops), Texas Agricultural Experiment... Station, Weslaco, Texas' 2. TEXAS CITRUS - MITES AND INSECTS HERBERT DEAN, Associate Professor (Citrus Insects), Texas Agricultural Ex- periment Station, Weslaco, Texas . JAMES A. DEER, Entomologist (Retired), Texas Agricultural Extension Service, Weslaco...

  11. Screening citrus rootstocks for alkalinity tolerance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudahono

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SCREENING CITRUS ROOTSTOCKS FOR ALKALINITY TOLERANCE A Thesis by SUDAHONO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ALM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1991 Major... Subject: Horticulture SCREENING CITRUS ROOTSTOCKS FOR ALKALINITY TOLERANCE A Thesis by SUDAHONO Approved as to style and content by: David H. yr (Chair of Com ttee) Robert E. Rouse (Member) ~. Err. tg~i ~PI. ~~ Frank M. Hone (Member) Calvin G...

  12. Systems simulation of oil additives to grain at terminal elevators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goforth, Kerry James

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SYSTEMS SIMULATION OF OIL ADDITIVES TO GRAIN AT TERMINAL ELEVATORS A Thesis by Kerry James Goforth Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May... 1985 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering SYSTEMS SIMULATION OF OIL ADDITIVES TO GRAIN AT TERMINAL ELEVATORS A Thesis by KERRY J. GOFORTH Approved as to style and content by: Calvin B. Parne 1, Jr. (Chairman of Committee) tto R. Kunze...

  13. Technology in water conservation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finch, Dr. Calvin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2 tx H2O Summer 2013 Column by Dr. Calvin Finch, Water Conservation and Technology Center director WAT E R CONSERVATION & TECHNOLOGY CENTER Securing Our Water Future It is not unusual for individuals to describe water conservation as a... conservation, however, is just as dependent on technological factors. #27;e technology does not have to be complex to be important #20; consider high e#23;ciency toilets and showerheads. #27;ese everyday appliances largely rely on simple technologies...

  14. Technology in water conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finch, Dr. Calvin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2 tx H2O Summer 2013 Column by Dr. Calvin Finch, Water Conservation and Technology Center director WAT E R CONSERVATION & TECHNOLOGY CENTER Securing Our Water Future It is not unusual for individuals to describe water conservation as a... conservation, however, is just as dependent on technological factors. #27;e technology does not have to be complex to be important #20; consider high e#23;ciency toilets and showerheads. #27;ese everyday appliances largely rely on simple technologies...

  15. Moisture levels at which rice grains will not fissure from moisture adsorption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamau, John Mugeto

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MOISTURE LEVELS AT WHICH RICE GRAINS WILL NOT FISSURE FROM MOISTURE ADSORPTION A Thesis JOHN MUGETO KAMAU Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1985 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering MOISTURE LEVELS AT WHICH RICE GRAINS WILL NQT FISSURE FROM MOISTURE ADSORPTION A Thesis JOHN MUGETO KAMAU Approved as to style and content by: Otto R. Kunze (Chairman of Committee) Calvin B...

  16. Surfactant based imbibition and induced solution gas drive process: investigation by nuclear magnetic resonance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, James Calvin

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    drive mechanism. This imbibition and induced solution gas drive study employed nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy techniques to monitor and characterize the progress of oil recovery inside the rock sample core. A specially designed core...SURFACTANT BASED IMBIBITION AND INDUCED SOLUTION GAS DRIVE PROCESS: INVESTIGATION BY NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE A Thesis by JAMES CALVIN COX Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

  17. Discrepancies in the perceptions of the secondary school counselor's role as reported by administrators, teachers, counselors, and students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Donna Myers

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    investigations reveal that the high school counselor is performing a variety of functions (Baker a Cramer, 1972; Carmical & Calvin, 1970; Filbeck, 1965; Knapp 4 Denny, 1961; Kushel, 1970; Lortie, 1965; Tennyson, 1958). These functions are based upon a...). In 1974, Baker found that administra- tors' and counselors' views of the counseling role were incongruent. Counselors more often viewed themselves as advocates for the students rather than for the in- stitution; whereas, administrators had opposing...

  18. A review of "Control of Religious Printing in Early Stuart England." by S. Mutchow Towers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steven Matthews

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    REVIEWS 87 Nevitt?s project positions itself firmly in the now classic debate in Dutch art history as to whether images celebrate or proscribe the sensual pleasures they depict. This debate reached its climax in the late 1980s and has been... properly termed ?anti-Calvinism.? By supplanting a more widely accepted Calvinist ?orthodoxy? with an anti-Calvinist ?orthodoxy? the heat was turned up significantly in the question of conformity, for the old advocates of a Calvinist conformity were now...

  19. A review of "Socinianism and Arminianism. Antitrinitarians, Calvinists and Cultural Exchange in Seventeenth-Century Europe." by Martin Mulsow and Jan Rohls eds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hillar, Marian

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    collection of primary sources. This book is a fine example of painstaking, dedicated scholarship and Dr. Milton is to be applauded. Martin Mulsow and Jan Rohls, eds. Socinianism and Arminianism. Antitrinitarians, Calvinists and Cultural Exchange... into five parts, the first, Introduction, sets the scene in two essays. Jan Rohls in an essay ?Calvinism, Arminianism and Socinianism in the Neth- erlands until the Synod of Dort? gives a brief outline of the religious scenery in this country from...

  20. Comparative DNA Sequence Analysis of Wheat and Rice Genomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gill, Kulvinder

    . Gill,4 David E. Matthews,5 Gerard R. Lazo,5 Shiaoman Chao,5 Olin D. Anderson,5 Hugh Edwards,6 Anna M,8 Nora L.V. Lapitan,8 Jose L. Gonzalez-Hernandez,9 James A. Anderson,9 Khwaja Hossain,10 Venu. Gill,12 Camille Steber,12 Mary K. Walker-Simmons,13 Patrick E. McGuire,14 and Calvin O. Qualset14 1

  1. Conservation and drought management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finch, Calvin

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conservation technologies are high e#19;ciency toilets, showerheads, washing machines and water heaters. Behavioral changes include turning the water o#27; except when rinsing while shaving and brushing teeth and pu#26;ing full loads in dishwashers...Fall 2012 tx H2O 5 Column by Dr. Calvin Finch, Water Conservation and Technology Center director Conservation and Drought Management WAT E R CONSERVATION & TECHNOLOGY CENTER Securing Our Water Future Water conservation and drought...

  2. Photobiotechnology: Application of photosynthesis to the production of renewable fuels and chemicals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenbaum, E.

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sustained hydrogen photoevolution from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and C. moewusii was measured under an anoxic, CO{sub 2}-containing atmosphere. It has been discovered that light intensity and temperature influence the partitioning of reductant between the hydrogen photoevolution pathway and the Calvin cycle. Under low incident light intensity (1--3 W m{sup {minus}2}) or low temperature (approx. 0{degrees}C), the flow of photosynthetic reductant to the Calvin cycle was reduced, and reductant was partitioned to the hydrogen pathway as evidenced by sustained H{sub 2} photoevolution. Under saturating light (25 W m{sup {minus}2} ) and moderate temperature 20 {plus_minus} 5{degrees}C), the Calvin cycle became the absolute sink for reductant with the exception of a burst of H{sub 2} occurring at light on. A novel photobiophysical phenomenon was observed in isolated spinach chloroplasts that were metalized by precipitating colloidal platinum onto the surface of the thylakoid membranes. A two-point irradiation and detection system was constructed in which a continuous beam helium-neon laser ({lambda} = 632.8 nm) was used to irradiate the platinized chloroplasts at varying perpendicular distances from a single linear platinum electrode in pressure contact with the platinized chloroplasts. No external voltage bias was applied to the system. The key objective of the experiments reported in this report was to measure the relative photoconductivity of the chloroplast-metal composite matrix.

  3. Parameters affecting the fate of metals in various soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Covar, Andrew Prescott

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Parameters Affecting the Fate of Metals in Various Soils. (December 1975) Andrew Prescott Covar, B. S. , University of Texas at E1 Paso Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Calvin Woods In this study, the fate of cadmium, copper, lead, nickel, and zinc... DETERMINATION OF WATER SOLUBLE, EXCHANGEABLE, ORGANIC BOUND, AND MINERAL ASSOCIATED METALS ? SPLIT I I PAGE 18 19 3 CADMIUM UPTAKE BY SOIL TYPE 4 COPPER UPTAKE BY SOIL TYPE 5 LEAD UPTAKE BY SOIL TYPE 6 NICKEL UPTAKE BY SOIL TYPE 7 ZINC UPTAKE BY SOIL...

  4. Home Fruit Production - Pears.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipe, John A.; Lyons, Calvin; Stein, Larry

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    System ? College Station, Texas (Blank Pa,ge -in Origi.aI BoHetiDl ' : . 1 r . .- HOME FRUIT PRODUCTION - PEARS John A. Upe, Calvin Lyons and Larry Stein* Pears are long-lived attractive trees for Texas land scapes. Selected varieties produce good... to Texas and adaptation is still undetermined. SITE AND SOIL REQUIREMENTS Climatically, pears are adapted to all areas of Texas north of a line from Corpus Christi to Laredo. Pears are not recommended farther south, although a few trees have grown...

  5. Volume 63, Numbers 1&2 (Complete)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickson, Donald

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EVENTEENTH- ENTURY EWS SPRING - SUMMER 2005 Vol. 63 Nos. 1&2 Including THE NEO-LATIN NEWS Vol. 53, Nos. 1&2 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS VOLUME 63, Nos. 1&2 SPRING-SUMMER, 2005 SCN, an official organ of the Milton Society of America... Christopher E. Garrett, Texas A&M University Michael Mattair, Texas A&M University CONTENTS VOLUME 63, NOS. 1&2 SPRING-SUMMER, 2005 REVIEWS William A. Dyrness, Reformed Theology and Visual Culture: the Protestant Imagination from Calvin to Edwards. Review...

  6. Trajectory simulation for design of ram-air inflated parachutes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tallant, Sibille Ursula

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the assistance of many persons in this research effort. Financial assistance was provided by Manley Butler, Calvin Kata and Hugh McCoy at the Naval Weapons Center in China Lake, CA, for which I am eternally grateful. I would also like to thank Joe Gamble... a great deal of computer time. 25 Complete System The system principal moments of inertia are obtained by individually transferring the parachute and payload principal moments of inertia to the system center of gravity and adding them together...

  7. Heterosis in beef cattle production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stitt, John Monroe

    1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in length of gestation period. Godley ct al. (16) found significantly heavier birth weights for F2 calves from Fl Angus-Hereford dame than for calves from Angus dams. This is at variance with the findings of Lush et al, (25) who showed F2 calves from Fl... Brahman-Hereford dams 5 pounds lighter than either pure Hereford calves or Fl Brahman-Hereford calves from Here- ford dams. Calvin Percenta es Brahman-Hereford first-cross cows were 13 percent higher i. n calving percentage than Brahman cows in Texas...

  8. On the cutting edge: Director shares vision for center’s role in addressing Texas water problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    &M Engineering Experiment Station and Texas A&M University?San Antonio. It is administered by the Texas Water Resources Institute (TWRI) and Texas Center for Applied Technology (TCAT). txH#31;O talked with Dr. Calvin Finch, the center?s director, to #25;nd... is the Southmost Regional Water Authority Regional Desalination Plant near Brownsville. Photo by Danielle Kalisek. The Texas A&M University System?s Water Conservation and Technology Center was created to be on the cu#26;ing edge of helping Texas solve...

  9. Design of a new cotton dust sampler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Phillip Dean

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DESIGN OF A NEW COTTON DUST SAMPLER A Thesis by PHILLIP DEAN HICKMAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1985 Major Subject...: Agricultural Engineering DESIGN OF A NEW COTTON DUST SAMPLER A Thesis by PHILLIP DEAN HICKMAN Approved as to style and content by: Calvin B. Parnell, Jr. (Chairman of Committee) 0. R. Kunze (Member) Andrew R. McFarland (Member) Ric ard B. nz (Memb...

  10. Dust suppression characteristics of mineral oil when applied to corn, wheat, or soybeans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, David Don

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and must be added repeatedly. Several water applications could raise the mo i stu re content of grain to the point of encouraging mold growth. Peterson (1977) reported that an average worker wi 1 1 breathe from 4 to 10 m of air during an eight hour work... Jones, B. S. , Texas Al!M University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Calvin B. Parnell, Jr. Corn, wheat, and soybean samples weighing 454 g each were treated with mineral oil at rates of 50, 100, 200, 400, and 600 ppm and grain dust...

  11. Water for Energy in the Eagle Ford 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finch, C.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Water and Hydraulic Fracturing 12/18/2013 CATEE Conference San Antonio, TX Dr. Calvin Finch Texas A&M Water Conservation and Technology Center ESL-KT-13-12-44 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16...-18 ESL-KT-13-12-44 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 ESL-KT-13-12-44 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Water Components ?Water for Drilling...

  12. Transverse wave loading on partially buried marine pipelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webb, Richard Edgar

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TRANSVERSE WAVE LOADING ON PARTIALLY BURIED MARINE PIPELINES A Thesis by RICHARD EDGAR WEBB Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December l988 Ma)or Subject: Civil Engineering TRANSVERSE WAVE LOADING ON PARTIALLY BURIED MARINE PIPELINES A Thesis bY RICHARD EDGAR WEBB Approved as to style and content by: Derek V. M ris (Chair of Committee) Calvin E. Woods (Member) Norman R...

  13. American racism and African diplomats: race and American Cold War policy in West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oriabure, Stephannie Ebhota

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    West Africa. . . 32 4 United Nations Voting on Selected East-West Issues. . . 33 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION The biggest single burden that we carry on our backs in our foreign relations in the 1960s is the problem of racial discrimination here at home... of neocolonialism. ' Andrew J. Potter, Comrades at Odds: The United States and India, 1947-1964 (Ithaca, 2000L 154. ' Paul Gordon Lauren, Power and Prejudice: The Pohtics and Diplomacy of Racial Discrimination (Boulder, 1988) . Calvin B. Holder was one...

  14. Water for Energy in the Eagle Ford

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finch, C.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Water and Hydraulic Fracturing 12/18/2013 CATEE Conference San Antonio, TX Dr. Calvin Finch Texas A&M Water Conservation and Technology Center ESL-KT-13-12-44 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16...-18 ESL-KT-13-12-44 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 ESL-KT-13-12-44 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Water Components ?Water for Drilling...

  15. Comparing strategies: State funding of capital projects versus water conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finch, Dr. Calvin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    10 tx H2O Winter 2013 Column by Dr. Calvin Finch, Water Conservation and Technology Center director COMPARING STRATEGIES State funding of capital projects versus water conservation The Texas Legislature seems intent on helping local water... purveyors #30;nance a portion of the water supply projects described in the #18;#25;#28;#18; state water plan (Water for Texas #31;#28;#29;#31;). #31;e plan says that #17;#18;#24;.#27; billion is needed from the state to meet our water needs...

  16. Patterns of cowbird parasitism in the Southern Atlantic Coastal Plain and Piedmont.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.C. Kilgo; C.E. Moorman

    2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Until recently, little information was available on patterns of brood parasitism by Brownheaded Cowbirds (Molothrus ater) in the southeastern United States, a region into which cowbirds expanded their range only during the last half of the Twentieth Century and where their abundance is relatively low. We compiled parasitism data from several published and unpublished studies conducted in Georgia and South Carolina from 1993-2000 to examine levels of brood parasitism and determine frequent host species. The combined dataset included 1,372 nests of 24 species reported in the literature to have been parasitized by cowbirds. The parasitism rate on all species combined was 8.2%. Considering only those species that served as hosts in these studies (n = I2), the parasitism rate was 9.3%. Seven species were parasitized at rates 2 10%. Based on the extent of parasitism (among studies and locations), their relative abundance, and the sample size of nests, Prairie Warblers (Dendroicta discolor), Hooded Warblers (Wilsonia citrina), Yellow-breasted Chats (Icteria virens), and Indigo Buntings (Passerina cyanea), all shrub nesters, appear to be the most important cowbird hosts in the region. Parasitism on some species reported as frequent hosts elsewhere was extremely low or not documented. We conclude that the impact of brood parasitism on the seasonal fecundity of hosts in the region probably is minimal, but additional work is warranted on species of concern, such as the Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris).

  17. Regional economic impacts of changes in electricity rates resulting from Western Area Power Administration`s power marketing alternatives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allison, T.; Griffes, P.; Edwards, B.K.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This technical memorandum describes an analysis of regional economic impacts resulting from changes in retail electricity rates due to six power marketing programs proposed by Western Area Power Administration (Western). Regional economic impacts of changes in rates are estimated in terms of five key regional economic variables: population, gross regional product, disposable income, employment, and household income. The REMI (Regional Impact Models, Inc.) and IMPLAN (Impact Analysis for Planning) models simulate economic impacts in nine subregions in the area in which Western power is sold for the years 1993, 2000, and 2008. Estimates show that impacts on aggregate economic activity in any of the subregions or years would be minimal for three reasons. First, the utilities that buy power from Western sell only a relatively small proportion of the total electricity sold in any of the subregions. Second, reliance of Western customers on Western power is fairly low in each subregion. Finally, electricity is not a significant input cost for any industry or for households in any subregion.

  18. Live Cell Chemical Profiling of Temporal Redox Dynamics in a Photoautotrophic Cyanobacterium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sadler, Natalie C.; Melnicki, Matthew R.; Serres, Margrethe H.; Merkley, Eric D.; Chrisler, William B.; Hill, Eric A.; Romine, Margaret F.; Kim, Sangtae; Zink, Erika M.; Datta, Suchitra; Smith, Richard D.; Beliaev, Alex S.; Konopka, Allan; Wright, Aaron T.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Protein reduction-oxidation (redox) modification is an important mechanism that allows microorganisms to sense environmental changes and initiate cellular responses. We have developed a quantitative chemical probe approach for live cell labeling of proteins that are sensitive to redox modifications. We utilize this in vivo strategy to identify 176 proteins undergoing ~5-10 fold dynamic redox change in response to nutrient limitation and subsequent replenishment in the photoautotrophic cyanobacterium, Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002. We detect redox changes in as little as 30 seconds after nutrient perturbation, and oscillations in reduction and oxidation for 60 minutes following the perturbation. Many of the proteins undergoing dynamic redox transformations participate in the major components for the production (photosystems and electron transport chains) or consumption (Calvin-Benson cycle and protein synthesis) of reductant and/or energy in photosynthetic organisms. Thus, our in vivo approach reveals new redox-susceptible proteins, in addition to validating those previously identified in vitro.

  19. Proteome Analyses of Strains ATCC 51142 and PCC 7822 of the Diazotrophic Cyanobacterium Cyanothece sp under Culture Conditions Resulting in Enhanced H-2 Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aryal, Uma K.; Callister, Stephen J.; Mishra, Sujata; Zhang, Xiaohui; Shutthanandan, Janani I.; Angel, Thomas E.; Shukla, Anil K.; Monroe, Matthew E.; Moore, Ronald J.; Koppenaal, David W.; Smith, Richard D.; Sherman, Louis

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cultures of the cyanobacterial genus Cyanothece have been shown to produce high levels of biohydrogen. These strains are diazotrophic and undergo pronounced diurnal cycles when grown under N2-fixing conditions in light-dark cycles. We seek to better understand the way in which proteins respond to these diurnal changes and we performed quantitative proteome analysis of Cyanothece ATCC 51142 and PCC 7822 grown under 8 different nutritional conditions. Nitrogenase expression was limited to N2-fixing conditions, and in the absence of glycerol, nitrogenase gene expression was linked to the dark period. However, glycerol induced expression of nitrogenase during part of the light period, together with cytochrome c oxidase (Cox), glycogen phosphorylase (Glp), and glycolytic and pentose-phosphate pathway (PPP) enzymes. This indicated that nitrogenase expression in the light was facilitated via higher respiration and glycogen breakdown. Key enzymes of the Calvin cycle were inhibited in Cyanothece ATCC 51142 in the presence of glycerol under H2 producing conditions, suggesting a competition between these sources of carbon. However, in Cyanothece PCC 7822, the Calvin cycle still played a role in cofactor recycling during H2 production. Our data comprise the first comprehensive profiling of proteome changes in Cyanothece PCC 7822, and allows an in-depth comparative analysis of major physiological and biochemical processes that influence H2-production in both the strains. Our results revealed many previously uncharacterized proteins that may play a role in nitrogenase activity and in other metabolic pathways and may provide suitable targets for genetic manipulation that would lead to improvement of large scale H2 production.

  20. Temperature-package power correlations for open-mode geologic disposal concepts.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hardin, Ernest L.

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Logistical simulation of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) management in the U.S. combines storage, transportation and disposal elements to evaluate schedule, cost and other resources needed for all major operations leading to final geologic disposal. Geologic repository reference options are associated with limits on waste package thermal power output at emplacement, in order to meet limits on peak temperature for certain key engineered and natural barriers. These package power limits are used in logistical simulation software such as CALVIN, as threshold requirements that must be met by means of decay storage or SNF blending in waste packages, before emplacement in a repository. Geologic repository reference options include enclosed modes developed for crystalline rock, clay or shale, and salt. In addition, a further need has been addressed for open modes in which SNF can be emplaced in a repository, then ventilated for decades or longer to remove heat, prior to permanent repository closure. For each open mode disposal concept there are specified durations for surface decay storage (prior to emplacement), repository ventilation, and repository closure operations. This study simulates those steps for several timing cases, and for SNF with three fuel-burnup characteristics, to develop package power limits at which waste packages can be emplaced without exceeding specified temperature limits many years later after permanent closure. The results are presented in the form of correlations that span a range of package power and peak postclosure temperature, for each open-mode disposal concept, and for each timing case. Given a particular temperature limit value, the corresponding package power limit for each case can be selected for use in CALVIN and similar tools.

  1. Lower Limb Arteriovenous Communications in Diabetes Mellitus: A Potential Reason for Aggravation of Ischemic Symptoms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamady, Mohamad S.; Yu, Dominic F. [King's College Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Sayer, Gabriel L. [King's College Hospital, Department of Vascular Surgery (United Kingdom); Edmonds, Michael E. [King's College Hospital, Department of Medicine (United Kingdom); Walters, Huw L.; Sidhu, Paul S. [King's College Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)], E-mail: paul.sidhu@kingsch.nhs.uk

    2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and to evaluate the clinical associations of arteriovenous communications in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and lower limb peripheral arterial ischemia. Peripheral arteriography of DM patients from an eight-year period (1993-2000) was evaluated retrospectively by two observers. The presence of arteriovenous communications, defined as occurring without evidence of a preceding precipitating event, and the distribution and severity of the vascular disease were evaluated. The type (non-insulin-dependent DM or insulin-dependent DM) and the duration of the DM, the presenting symptoms, and the presence of a peripheral neuropathy were documented by a review of the clinical records. A total of 348 arteriography studies in 285 DM patients were evaluated (duration of DM: median, 16 years; range, 7-42 years); an arteriovenous communication was present in 14/285 patients (4.9%), 9 male and 5 female (median age, 71 years; range, 17-84 years). Symptoms were those of a peripheral leg ulcer (n = 11), claudication (n = 3), and gangrene (n = 1), with symptoms ipsilateral to the side of the arteriovenous communication in 13/14 patients. The sites of the arteriovenous communications were infra popliteal (n = 7), popliteal (n = 3), superficial femoral artery (n = 3), and common femoral artery (n = 1). Features of a peripheral neuropathy were found in 12/14 and ipsilateral to the side of the communication in 11/12. Arteriovenous communications in the peripheral femoral arterial system of patients with DM is an uncommon finding. Although not proven in the current study, arteriovenous communications might be associated with more severe symptoms than that attributable to the underlying vascular disease alone.

  2. Evaluate Status of Pacific Lamprey in the Clearwater River Drainage, Idaho: Annual Report 2001.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochnauer, Tim; Claire, Christopher

    2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent decline of Pacific lamprey Lampetra tridentata adult migrants to the Snake River drainage has focused attention on the species. Adult Pacific lamprey counted passing Ice Harbor Dam fishway averaged 18,158 during 1962-69 and 361 during 1993-2000. Human resource manipulations in the Snake River and Clearwater River drainages have altered ecosystem habitat in the last 120 years, likely impacting the productive potential of Pacific lamprey habitat. Timber harvest, stream impoundment, road construction, grazing, mining, and community development have dominated habitat alteration in the Clearwater River system and Snake River corridor. Hydroelectric projects in the Snake River corridor impact juvenile/larval Pacific lamprey outmigrants and returning adults. Juvenile and larval lamprey outmigrants potentially pass through turbines, turbine bypass/collection systems, and over spillway structures at the four lower Snake River hydroelectric dams. Clearwater River drainage hydroelectric facilities have impacted Pacific lamprey populations to an unknown degree. The Pacific Power and Light Dam on the Clearwater River in Lewiston, Idaho, restricted chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha passage in the 1927-1940 period, altering the migration route of outmigrating Pacific lamprey juveniles/larvae and upstream adult migrants (1927-1972). Dworshak Dam, completed in 1972, eliminated Pacific lamprey spawning and rearing in the North Fork Clearwater River drainage. Construction of the Harpster hydroelectric dam on the South Fork of the Clearwater River resulted in obstructed fish passage 1949-1963. Through Bonneville Power Administration support, the Idaho Department of Fish and Game continued investigation into the status of Pacific lamprey populations in Idaho's Clearwater River drainage in 2001. Trapping, electrofishing, and spawning ground redd surveys were used to determine Pacific lamprey distribution, life history strategies, and habitat requirements in the South Fork Clearwater River drainage. Forty-three sites in Red River, South Fork Clearwater River, and their tributaries were electrofished in 2001. Sampling yielded a total of 442 juvenile/larval Pacific lamprey. Findings indicate Pacific lamprey juveniles/larvae are not numerous or widely distributed. Pacific lamprey distribution in the South Fork of the Clearwater River drainage was confined to lower reaches of Red River and the South Fork Clearwater River.

  3. The Genome of Deep-Sea Vent Chemolithoautotroph Thiomicrospiracrunogena XCL-2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, Kathleen M.; Sievert, Stefan M.; Abril, Fereniki N.; Ball,Lois A.; Barrett, Chantell J.; Blake, Rodrigo A.; Boller, Amanda J.; Chain, Patrick S.G.; Clark, Justine A.; Davis, Carisa R.; Detter, Chris; Do, Kimberly F.; Dobrinski, Kimberly P.; Faza, BrandonI.; Fitzpatrick,Kelly A.; Freyermuth, Sharyn K.; Harmer, Tara L.; Hauser, Loren J.; Hugler, Michael; Kerfeld, Cheryl A.; Klotz, Martin G.; Kong, William W.; Land, Miriam; Lapidus, Alla; Larimer, Frank W.; Longo, Dana L.; Lucas,Susan; Malfatti, Stephanie A.; Massey, Steven E.; Martin, Darlene D.; McCuddin, Zoe; Meyer, Folker; Moore, Jessica L.; Ocampo, Luis H.; Paul,John H.; Paulsen, Ian T.; Reep, Douglas K.; Ren, Qinghu; Ross, Rachel L.; Sato, Priscila Y.; Thomas, Phaedra; Tinkham, Lance E.; Zeruth, Gary T.

    2006-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Presented here is the complete genome sequence ofThiomicrospira crunogena XCL-2, representative of ubiquitouschemolithoautotrophic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria isolated from deep-seahydrothermal vents. This gammaproteobacterium has a single chromosome(2,427,734 bp), and its genome illustrates many of the adaptations thathave enabled it to thrive at vents globally. It has 14 methyl-acceptingchemotaxis protein genes, including four that may assist in positioningit in the redoxcline. A relative abundance of CDSs encoding regulatoryproteins likely control the expression of genes encoding carboxysomes,multiple dissolved inorganic nitrogen and phosphate transporters, as wellas a phosphonate operon, which provide this species with a variety ofoptions for acquiring these substrates from the environment. T. crunogenaXCL-2 is unusual among obligate sulfur oxidizing bacteria in relying onthe Sox system for the oxidation of reduced sulfur compounds. A 38 kbprophage is present, and a high level of prophage induction was observed,which may play a role in keeping competing populations of close relativesin check. The genome has characteristics consistent with an obligatelychemolithoautotrophic lifestyle, including few transporters predicted tohave organic allocrits, and Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle CDSs scatteredthroughout the genome.

  4. ISOTOPE METHODS IN HOMOGENEOUS CATALYSIS.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BULLOCK,R.M.; BENDER,B.R.

    2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of isotope labels has had a fundamentally important role in the determination of mechanisms of homogeneously catalyzed reactions. Mechanistic data is valuable since it can assist in the design and rational improvement of homogeneous catalysts. There are several ways to use isotopes in mechanistic chemistry. Isotopes can be introduced into controlled experiments and followed where they go or don't go; in this way, Libby, Calvin, Taube and others used isotopes to elucidate mechanistic pathways for very different, yet important chemistries. Another important isotope method is the study of kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) and equilibrium isotope effect (EIEs). Here the mere observation of where a label winds up is no longer enough - what matters is how much slower (or faster) a labeled molecule reacts than the unlabeled material. The most careti studies essentially involve the measurement of isotope fractionation between a reference ground state and the transition state. Thus kinetic isotope effects provide unique data unavailable from other methods, since information about the transition state of a reaction is obtained. Because getting an experimental glimpse of transition states is really tantamount to understanding catalysis, kinetic isotope effects are very powerful.

  5. Enhancement of CO2 and H2 Uptake for the Production of Biodiesel in Cupriavidus Necator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, R. P.; Eckert, C. A.; Balzer, G. J.; Yu, J.; Maness, P. C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cupriavidus necator fixes CO{sub 2} through the Calvin-Benson-Bassham (CBB) cycle using electrons and energy obtained from the oxidation of H{sub 2}. Producing biodiesel-equivalent electrofuel from renewable CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2} has immense potential, especially if the fuel is compatible with the existing fuel infrastructure. This research addressed enhanced substrate utilization by focusing on two strategies: (1) optimizing transcriptional regulations to afford over-expression of Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO), the enzyme responsible for assimilation of CO{sub 2} into the CBB cycle; and (2) hydrogenase over-expression by introduction of additional copies of genes encoding a membrane-bound hydrogenase (MBH), a soluble hydrogenase (SH), and their maturation machinery to enhance oxidation of H{sub 2} to generate NAD(P)H and ATP required for CO{sub 2} fixation. Incorporation of these strategies into a single production strain resulted in 6-fold CO{sub 2} and 3-fold H{sub 2} uptake improvement, in vitro, with the overarching goal of providing abundant reducing equivalents towards the economic production of biodiesel in C. necator.

  6. Targeted Enhancement of H2 and CO2 Uptake for Autotrophic Production of Biodiesel in the Lithoautotrophic Bacterium Ralsonia Eutropha

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eckert, C. A.; Sullivan, R.; Johnson, C.; Yu, J.; Maness, P. C.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CO2 and H2 are promising feedstocks for production of valuable biocompounds. Ralstonia eutropha utilizes these feedstocks to generate energy (ATP) and reductant (NAD(P)H) via oxidation of H2 by a membrane-bound (MBH) and a soluble hydrogenase (SH) for CO2 fixation by the Calvin-Benson-Bassham (CBB) cycle. Increased expression of the enzyme that fixes CO2 (RubisCO) resulted in 6-fold activity improvement in vitro, while increased expression of the MBH operon or the SH operon plus MBH operon maturation factors necessary for activity resulted in a 10-fold enhancement. Current research involves genetic manipulation of two endogenous cbb operons for increased expression, analysis of expression and activity of CBB/MBH/SH, cofactor ratios, and downstream products during autotrophic growth in control versus enhanced strains, and development of strategies for long-term, optimal overexpression. These studies will improve our understanding of autotrophic metabolism and provide a chassis strain for autotrophic production of biodiesel and other valuable carbon biocompounds.

  7. Energy Efficient Buildings, Salt Lake County, Utah

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnett, Kimberly

    2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Executive Summary Salt Lake County's Solar Photovoltaic Project - an unprecedented public/private partnership Salt Lake County is pleased to announce the completion of its unprecedented solar photovoltaic (PV) installation on the Calvin R. Rampton Salt Palace Convention Center. This 1.65 MW installation will be one the largest solar roof top installations in the country and will more than double the current installed solar capacity in the state of Utah. Construction is complete and the system will be operational in May 2012. The County has accomplished this project using a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) financing model. In a PPA model a third-party solar developer will finance, develop, own, operate, and maintain the solar array. Salt Lake County will lease its roof, and purchase the power from this third-party under a long-term Power Purchase Agreement contract. In fact, this will be one of the first projects in the state of Utah to take advantage of the recent (March 2010) legislation which makes PPA models possible for projects of this type. In addition to utilizing a PPA, this solar project will employ public and private capital, Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants (EECBG), and public/private subsidized bonds that are able to work together efficiently because of the recent stimulus bill. The project also makes use of recent changes to federal tax rules, and the recent re-awakening of private capital markets that make a significant public-private partnership possible. This is an extremely innovative project, and will mark the first time that all of these incentives (EECBG grants, Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds, New Markets tax credits, investment tax credits, public and private funds) have been packaged into one project. All of Salt Lake County's research documents and studies, agreements, and technical information is available to the public. In addition, the County has already shared a variety of information with the public through webinars, site tours, presentations, and written correspondence.

  8. Metabolic analysis of the soil microbe Dechloromonas aromatica str. RCB: indications of a surprisingly complex life-style and cryptic anaerobic pathways for aromatic degradation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salinero, Kennan Kellaris; Keller, Keith; Feil, William S.; Feil, Helene; Trong, Stephan; Di Bartolo, Genevieve; Lapidus, Alla

    2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Initial interest in Dechloromonas aromatica strain RCB arose from its ability to anaerobically degrade benzene. It is also able to reduce perchlorate and oxidize chlorobenzoate, toluene, and xylene, creating interest in using this organism for bioremediation. Little physiological data has been published for this microbe. It is considered to be a free-living organism. The a priori prediction that the D. aromatica genome would contain previously characterized 'central' enzymes involved in anaerobic aromatic degradation proved to be false, suggesting the presence of novel anaerobic aromatic degradation pathways in this species. These missing pathways include the benzyl succinyl synthase (bssABC) genes (responsible for formate addition to toluene) and the central benzoylCoA pathway for monoaromatics. In depth analyses using existing TIGRfam, COG, and InterPro models, and the creation of de novo HMM models, indicate a highly complex lifestyle with a large number of environmental sensors and signaling pathways, including a relatively large number of GGDEF domain signal receptors and multiple quorum sensors. A number of proteins indicate interactions with an as yet unknown host, as indicated by the presence of predicted cell host remodeling enzymes, effector enzymes, hemolysin-like proteins, adhesins, NO reductase, and both type III and type VI secretory complexes. Evidence of biofilm formation including a proposed exopolysaccharide complex with the somewhat rare exosortase (epsH), is also present. Annotation described in this paper also reveals evidence for several metabolic pathways that have yet to be observed experimentally, including a sulphur oxidation (soxFCDYZAXB) gene cluster, Calvin cycle enzymes, and nitrogen fixation (including RubisCo, ribulose-phosphate 3-epimerase, and nif gene families, respectively). Analysis of the D. aromatica genome indicates there is much to be learned regarding the metabolic capabilities, and life-style, for this microbial species. Examples of recent gene duplication events in signaling as well as dioxygenase clusters are present, indicating selective gene family expansion as a relatively recent event in D. aromatica's evolutionary history. Gene families that constitute metabolic cycles presumed to create D. aromatica's environmental 'foot-print' indicate a high level of diversification between its predicted capabilities and those of its close relatives, A. aromaticum str EbN1 and Azoarcus BH72.

  9. Gene expression profiles of Nitrosomonas europaea, an obligate chemolitotroph

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel J Arp

    2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Nitrosomonas europaea is an aerobic lithoautotrophic bacterium that uses ammonia (NH3) as its energy source. As a nitrifier, it is an important participant in the nitrogen cycle, which can also influence the carbon cycle. The focus of this work was to explore the genetic structure and mechanisms underlying the lithoautotrophic growth style of N. europaea. Whole genome gene expression. The gene expression profile of cells in exponential growth and during starvation was analyzed using microarrays. During growth, 98% of the genes increased in expression at least two fold compared to starvation conditions. In growing cells, approximately 30% of the genes were expressed eight fold higher, Approximately 10% were expressed more than 15 fold higher. Approximately 3% (91 genes) were expressed to more than 20 fold of their levels in starved cells. Carbon fixation gene expression. N. europaea fixes carbon via the Calvin-Benson-Bassham (CBB) cycle via a type I ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO). This study showed that transcription of cbb genes was up-regulated when the carbon source was limited, while amo, hao and other energy harvesting related genes were down-regulated. Iron related gene expression. Because N. europaea has a relatively high content of hemes, sufficient Fe must be available in the medium for it to grow. The genome revealed that approximately 5% of the coding genes in N. europaea are dedicated to Fe transport and assimilation. Nonetheless, with the exception of citrate biosynthesis genes, N. europaea lacks genes for siderophore production. The Fe requirements for growth and the expression of the putative membrane siderophore receptors were determined. The N. europaea genome has over 100 putative genes ({approx}5% of the coding genes) related to Fe uptake and its siderophore receptors could be grouped phylogenetically in four clusters. Fe related genes, such as a number of TonB-dependent Fe-siderophore receptors for ferrichrome and enterobactin, and diffusion protein OmpC were expressed to higher levels under Fe limitation. N. europaea has a high Fe requirement and under Fe limiting conditions (0.2 ?M), is capable to assimilate up to 70% of the available Fe without the ability to produce siderophores.

  10. Gene expression profiles of Nitrosomonas europaea, an obligate chemolitotroph

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel J. Arp

    2005-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Nitrosomonas europaea is an aerobic lithoautotrophic bacterium that uses ammonia (NH3) as its energy source. As a nitrifier, it is an important participant in the nitrogen cycle, which can also influence the carbon cycle. The focus of this work was to explore the genetic structure and mechanisms underlying the lithoautotrophic growth style of N. europaea. Whole genome gene expression: The gene expression profile of cells in exponential growth and during starvation was analyzed using microarrays. During growth, 98% of the genes increased in expression at least two fold compared to starvation conditions. In growing cells, approximately 30% of the genes were expressed eight fold higher, Approximately 10% were expressed more than 15 fold higher. Approximately 3% (91 genes) were expressed to more than 20 fold of their levels in starved cells. Carbon fixation gene expression: N. europaea fixes carbon via the Calvin-Benson-Bassham (CBB) cycle via a type I ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO). This study showed that transcription of cbb genes was up-regulated when the carbon source was limited, while amo, hao and other energy harvesting related genes were down-regulated. Iron related gene expression: Because N. europaea has a relatively high content of hemes, sufficient Fe must be available in the medium for it to grow. The genome revealed that approximately 5% of the coding genes in N. europaea are dedicated to Fe transport and assimilation. Nonetheless, with the exception of citrate biosynthesis genes, N. europaea lacks genes for siderophore production. The Fe requirements for growth and the expression of the putative membrane siderophore receptors were determined. The N. europaea genome has over 100 putative genes ({approx}5% of the coding genes) related to Fe uptake and its siderophore receptors could be grouped phylogenetically in four clusters. Fe related genes, such as a number of TonB-dependent Fe-siderophore receptors for ferrichrome and enterobactin, and diffusion protein OmpC were expressed to higher levels under Fe limitation. N. europaea has a high Fe requirement and under Fe limiting conditions (0.2 {micro}M), is capable to assimilate up to 70% of the available Fe without the ability to produce siderophores.

  11. Engineering Ralstonia eutropha for Production of Isobutanol (IBT) Motor Fuel from Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, and Oxygen Project Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinskey, Anthony J. [MIT] [MIT; Worden, Robert Mark [Michigan State University MSU] [Michigan State University MSU; Brigham, Christopher [MIT] [MIT; Lu, Jingnan [MIT] [MIT; Quimby, John Westlake [MIT] [MIT; Gai, Claudia [MIT] [MIT; Speth, Daan [MIT] [MIT; Elliott, Sean [Boston University] [Boston University; Fei, John Qiang [MIT] [MIT; Bernardi, Amanda [MIT] [MIT; Li, Sophia [MIT] [MIT; Grunwald, Stephan [MIT] [MIT; Grousseau, Estelle [MIT] [MIT; Maiti, Soumen [MSU] [MSU; Liu, Chole [MSU] [MSU

    2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This research project is a collaboration between the Sinskey laboratory at MIT and the Worden laboratory at Michigan State University. The goal of the project is to produce Isobutanol (IBT), a branched-chain alcohol that can serve as a drop-in transportation fuel, through the engineered microbial biosynthesis of Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, and Oxygen using a novel bioreactor. This final technical report presents the findings of both the biological engineering work at MIT that extended the native branched-chain amino acid pathway of the wild type Ralstonia eutropha H16 to perform this biosynthesis, as well as the unique design, modeling, and construction of a bioreactor for incompatible gasses at Michigan State that enabled the operational testing of the complete system. This 105 page technical report summarizing the three years of research includes 72 figures and 11 tables of findings. Ralstonia eutropha (also known as Cupriavidus necator) is a Gram-negative, facultatively chemolithoautotrophic bacteria. It has been the principle organism used for the study of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) polymer biosynthesis. The wild-type Ralstonia eutropha H16 produces PHB as an intracellular carbon storage material while under nutrient stress in the presence of excess carbon. Under this stress, it can accumulate approximately 80 % of its cell dry weight (CDW) as this intracellular polymer. With the restoration of the required nutrients, the cells are then able to catabolize this polymer. If extracted from the cell, this PHB polymer can be processed into biodegradable and biocompatible plastics, however for this research, it is the efficient metabolic pathway channeling the captured carbon that is of interest. R. eutropha is further unique in that it contains two carbon-fixation Calvin–Benson–Bassham cycle operons, two oxygen-tolerant hydrogenases, and several formate dehydrogenases. It has also been much studied for its ability in the presence of oxygen, to fix carbon dioxide into complex cellular molecules using the energy from hydrogen. In this research project, engineered strains of R. eutropha redirected the excess carbon from PHB storage into the production of isobutanol and 3-methyl-1-butanol (branched-chain higher alcohols). These branched-chain higher alcohols can be used directly as substitutes for fossil-based fuels and are seen as alternative biofuels to ethanol and biodiesel. Importantly, these alcohols have approximately 98 % of the energy content of gasoline, 17 % higher than the current gasoline additive ethanol, without impacting corn market production for feed or food. Unlike ethanol, these branched-chain alcohols have low vapor pressure, hygroscopicity, and water solubility, which make them readily compatible with the existing pipelines, gasoline pumps, and engines in our transportation infrastructure. While the use of alternative energies from solar, wind, geothermal, and hydroelectric has spread for stationary power applications, these energy sources cannot be effectively or efficiently employed in current or future transportation systems. With the ongoing concerns of fossil fuel availability and price stability over the long term, alternative biofuels like branched-chain higher alcohols hold promise as a suitable transportation fuel in the future. We showed in our research that various mutant strains of R. eutropha with isobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase activity, in combination with the overexpression of plasmid-borne, native branched-chain amino acid biosynthesis pathway genes and the overexpression of heterologous ketoisovalerate decarboxylase gene, would produce isobutanol and 3-methyl-1-butanol when initiated during nitrogen or phosphorus limitation. Early on, we isolated one mutant R. eutropha strain which produced over 180 mg/L branched-chain alcohols in flask culture while being more tolerant of isobutanol toxicity. After the targeted elimination of genes encoding several potential carbon sinks (ilvE, bkdAB, and aceE), the production titer of the improved to 270 mg/L isobutanol and 40 mg/L 3-methyl-1-butanol.