National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for hakes 1993-2000 calvin

  1. Introduction The Pacific hake (Merluccius produc-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are with Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Biologi- cal Station, Nanaimo, BC V9T 6N7. Rebecca E. Thomas and Oceans Canada. ABSTRACT--Pacific hake, Merluccius productus, the most abundant groundfish coast, we hypothesize that the annual move- ments of Pacific hake are more responsive to climate-ocean

  2. Abstract.-The annual migratory cycle of Argentine hake Merluccius

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and off- shore towards feeding grounds. A southward and inshore migration towards spawning grounds occurs changes in hake distribu- tion. The inshore spawning migration of adult hake on the Argentine shelf the change in depth distribution of hake throughout the year. Christian- sen and Cousseau (1971) and Bellisio

  3. Hyperspectral Imaging At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Calvin...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hyperspectral Imaging At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Calvin, Et Al., 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Hyperspectral...

  4. South American Hakes: The Resource And Its Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the present government, which took power in 1975. Peru's hake resource is to be har- vested increasingly of Peru, Chile, Argentina, and Uruguay (plus the southern extremities of Brazil and Ecuador partners from abroad. Starting with Peru and moving coun- terclockwise, the species of interest are: Mer

  5. Groundwater Overdraft in California's Central Valley: Updated CALVIN Modeling Using Recent CVHM and C2VSIM Representations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lund, Jay R.

    i Groundwater Overdraft in California's Central Valley: Updated CALVIN Modeling Using Recent CVHM water demands, groundwater availability, and local water management opportunities. This update project focused on improving groundwater representation in CALVIN, which included changing CALVIN groundwater

  6. A review of "Picturing Religious Experience: George Herbert, Calvin, and the Scriptures" by Daniel W. Doerksen 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewton-Brain, Anna

    2013-01-01

    -1 ??? ???????????-??????? ???? Daniel W. Doerksen. Picturing Religious Experience: George Herbert, Calvin, and the Scriptures. Newark: University of Delaware Press, ????. xiii + ??? pp. $??.??. Review by ???? ??????-??? ?, ??? ?? ?? ???? ??. George Herbert?s own comment to Nicholas... Ferrar?that Ferrar would ?nd in ?e Temple, ?a picture of the many spiritual Con?icts that have past betwixt God and my Soul? ( )?holds the key, for Daniel Doerksen, to interpreting Herbert?s poetry in the light of Calvin?s biblical commentary. Indeed...

  7. Estimating Total Length of Headless White Hake, Urophycis tenuis, Landed in Maine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estimating Total Length of Headless White Hake, Urophycis tenuis, Landed in Maine EDWIN P. CREASER, little is known about the length composition of this species landed from Maine fishing vessels sampling personnel of the Maine Department of Marine Resources to develop an easy and rapid method

  8. Dr. Calvin O. Butts, III | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory |Sector FullDOE Office10 Jan2 In theArunPlasmaCalvin

  9. Crystal Potential Formula for the Calculation of Crystal Lattice Sums1 Don Steiger and Calvin Ahlbrandt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glaser, Rainer

    Crystal Potential Formula for the Calculation of Crystal Lattice Sums1 Don Steiger and Calvin; In Final Form: April 7, 1998 A new formula is derived for the determination of the potential energy of the central unit cell of a finite crystal; this formula is called the crystal potential formula. The crystal

  10. Robert E. Marc, PhD Calvin & JeNeal Hatch Presidential Endowed Chair in Ophthalmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marc, Robert E.

    Robert E. Marc, PhD Calvin & JeNeal Hatch Presidential Endowed Chair in Ophthalmology Distinguished Lake City, UT 84132 801-585-6500 office, 801-587-7724 fax robert.marc@hsc.utah.edu http Neurochemistry of Retinal Circuits Marc, RE (PI) 01 Dec 11 ­ 30 Nov 16. Robert E. Marc, PI Aims: Generate

  11. Privacy Principles for Sharing Cyber Security Data Gina Fisk, Calvin Ardi, Neale Pickett, John Heidemann, Mike Fisk, Christos Papadopoulos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidemann, John

    Privacy Principles for Sharing Cyber Security Data Gina Fisk, Calvin Ardi, Neale Pickett, John@colostate.edu Abstract--Sharing cyber security data across organizational boundaries brings both privacy risks for sharing cyber security information must consider privacy issues as they exchange and analyzed information

  12. Unique Regulation of the Calvin Cycle in the Ultrasmall Green Alga Ostreococcus Steven Robbens,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    , Germany 4 De´ partement de Biochimie, Universite´ de Montre´ al, C.P. 6128, Montreal, Canada 5 Laboratoire and algae transform light energy into ATP and NADPH. This chemical energy fuels the Calvin cycle, where anabolic and catabolic metabolism exemplified by starch production and degradation. A general metabolic

  13. Melvin Calvin

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on dark matter By SarahMODELINGMeetings High EnergyMeganMelihPhoto

  14. A review of "The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe." by Philip S. Gorski 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jakub Basista

    2006-01-01

    -CENTURY NEWS Philip S. Gorski. The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. xviii + 249 pp. Paper $21.00. Review by JAKUB BASISTA, JAGIELLONIAN UNIVERSITY, KRAK... and is an exception to the general process presented. Re- cently one more analysis of the process of formation of modern European states was proposed by Philip Gorski in his excellent work on the disciplinary revolution and its consequences for the emergence...

  15. South African Hake Sales Increase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    '> 1I1tere,ted In purcha~lng large quantItIes of II\\e eeh. accordl ng to the L.,. Embas). Pans The firm

  16. STATEMENT OF JAY E. HAKES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to 2010, the Annual Energy Outlook 2000 (AEO2000) projects electricity sales to grow at about 1.5 percent, the private sector, and academia for their own energy analyses. Each year EIA publishes the Annual Energy Outlook, which provides projections and analysis of domestic energy consumption, supply, prices

  17. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    FTP and the high- power cycle of the proposed supplementalfor a particular high-power cycle and car in figure A.3. (

  18. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    of Properly-Functioning Cars B .3. Evaporation B.4.of Properly-Functioning Cars, High and Moderate Powerand Philip S. Barnett, “Cars, Fuels, and Clean Air A Review

  19. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    reduction CO reduction NOx reduction depend on the durationhydrocarbons) and a 60% reduction in NOx compared to MY93CO and HC; and 75% reductions mandated for NOx. Powerful new

  20. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    Cars B.2. Cold Start Emissions of Properly-Functioning CarsDriving B.5. Malfunctioning Exhaust Emissions Controls C.and California Tailpipe Emission Standards References List o

  1. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    Sensing Based Hydrocarbon Measurements: A Comparison to FTDpedal. ) In addition, hydrocarbon measurements are difficultthe NDIR Measurement of Exhaust Hydrocarbons,” CRC 5th On-

  2. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    emissions of up-stream energy production facilities foremissions of up- stream energy production facilities for

  3. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    Properly-Functioning Cars Emissions are relatively high whenmay exaggerate p-car emissions; in effect, the cutpoint mayFederal passenger car tailpipe emission standards at 50,000

  4. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    1.1. History Air pollution by cars and light trucks is aareas where pollution is dominated by cars and light trucks.

  5. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    low with current technology. Modem direct-injection diesels,new direct injection stratified charge (DISC) spark-ignitionand cycle-by-cycle with direct injection of fuel into each

  6. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    the 5th CRC On-Road Vehicle Emissions Workshop, CoordinatingApproach to Estimating Vehicle Emissions,” Presented at the4th CRC On-Road Vehicle Emission Workshop, March 16-18,

  7. Suitability of Red Hake, Urophycis chuss, and Silver Hake, Merluccius bilinearis, for Processing Into Surimi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    which is widely used to make analog seafood products resembling crab meat, scallops, shrimp, etc substrate TMAO, and the addition of sucrose and sorbitol, which retards freeze denaturation of proteins

  8. Calvin 2015 Peer Review Poster Reduced

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    gic-mechanical-chemical coupled modeling to investigate fracture network permeability evolution during enhanced geothermal system stimulation at Desert Peak, Nevada PI Matt Reeves,...

  9. Melvin Calvin and Carbon in Photosynthesis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillion Measurement ofSchweglerfeed-imagelevel riseMelvin

  10. Guar in West Texas Calvin Trostle, Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    .g., a component of fracking fluids) #12;A Few Thoughts · Uses range from a company needing a few tons to make tens fracking job could require 80 acres of guar production (750 lbs./A) #12;Guar Economics · Guar is a crop

  11. Hyperspectral Imaging At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Calvin, Et Al.,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on Openei | Open Energy2010) | Open Energy Information

  12. Optimizing the Use of High Performance Software Samuel Z. Guyer and Calvin Lin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Calvin

    languages are ignored. As a trivial example, an invocation of the C standard math library's exponentia- tion and application code. ¡ This work was supported in part by NSF CAREER Grant ACI-9984660, DARPA Contract #F30602 the application programmer does nothing more than use the Broadway Compiler in place of a standard C compiler

  13. Lateral Transfer and Recompartmentalization of Calvin Cycle Enzymes of Plants and Algae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keeling, Patrick

    ) are also used in glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, or the pentose phosphate pathway, and many of these J Mol

  14. Hierarchical Cache Consistency in a WAN \\Lambda Jian Yin, Lorenzo Alvisi, Mike Dahlin, Calvin Lin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahlin, Michael D.

    . Specif­ ically, by adapting to clients' access patterns, two­level hierarchies reduce the read latency for enforcing strong con­ sistency semantics that is separate from the policy ques­ tion of when to renew volume leases. We focus on a policy where clients fetch volume lease renewals on de­ mand when they access

  15. Hierarchical Cache Consistency in a WAN Jian Yin, Lorenzo Alvisi, Mike Dahlin, Calvin Lin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahlin, Michael D.

    . Specif- ically, by adapting to clients' access patterns, two-level hierarchies reduce the read latency strong con- sistency semantics that is separate from the policy ques- tion of when to renew volume leases. We focus on a policy where clients fetch volume lease renewals on de- mand when they access a volume

  16. Hyperspectral Imaging At Fish Lake Valley Area (Littlefield & Calvin, 2010)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources JumpNewTexas:Hydrothermally Deposited Rock Jump

  17. C:\\ANNUAL\\Vol2chps.v8\\ANNUAL2.VP

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    42 32. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Industrial Consumers by State, 1993-2000 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Table State 1993 1994 1995 1996 Average Price % of...

  18. C:\\ANNUAL\\Vol2chps.v8\\ANNUAL2.VP

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 29. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Commercial Consumers by State, 1993-2000 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Table State 1993 1994 1995 1996 Average Price % of...

  19. The first occurrence of the neurotoxin domoic acid (DA) in Humboldt squid (Dosidicus gigas) during a toxic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . gigas have taken place both historically and recently along the Eastern Pacific rim content analysis indicated that possible DA vec- tors to Humboldt squid included both pelagic (Pacific hake, Merluccius productus, and Pacific sardine, Sardinops sagax) and nearshore (pile surfperch

  20. Knowledge of an animal's diet is important for understanding its for-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    throughout the North Pacific Rim from California to Japan (Loughlin et al., 1984; Pitcher et al., 2007 was Pacific hake (Merluccius productus), followed by salmonids (Oncorhynchus spp.), skates (Rajidae), Pacific

  1. SPARKS, A. K., J. HIBBITB, AND J. C FEGLEY. 1982. Observations on the histopathology of a systemic ciliate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at esti- mating the released egg production and spawning biomass of the Pacific hake stock resident oocytes which signify immi- nent spawning. Fresh ovaries were preserved in 10% formaldehyde solution

  2. Transportation Planning & Decision Science Group Transportation Systems Research Group Diane Davidson Keith Kahl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Robert Gibson, Rick Goeltz, Lois Gosslee, Kerry Hake, Janet Hopson, Shean Huff, Tim LaClair, Lisa Li ORNL David Greene hosted a visit from DOE sponsors Dennis Smith and Linda Bluestein on Tuesday, April

  3. Marine Fisheries On the cover: Gulf of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    chuss, and Silver Hake, Merluccius bilinearis, for Processing Into Surimi Investment in Gulf of Mexico Shrimp Vessels, 1965-77 Characteristics of the Texas Shrimp Fleet, 1979-82 Fish or Fish Oil in the Diet

  4. Making History : : The Role of History in Contemporary Native American Art

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cluff, Leah Diane

    Michael. Kumeyaay: A History Textbook. El Cajon, CA: Sycuanby Magdalena Zapedowska, History and Theory, no. 45 (2006):Indian and the Problem of History, edited by Calvin Martin,

  5. Hyperspectral Imaging At Fish Lake Valley Area (Littlefield ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hyperspectral Imaging At Fish Lake Valley Area (Littlefield & Calvin, 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Hyperspectral Imaging...

  6. INVITATIONAL WELL-TESTING SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2011-01-01

    C. and Fast, C. R. : Hydraulic Fracturing, Monograph Series,D. G. : "Mechanics of Hydraulic Fracturing," Trans. , AIME (Saunders, Calvin D. : "Hydraulic Fracturing: Fracture Flow

  7. Solar energy storage through the homogeneous electrocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide : photoelectrochemical and photovoltaic approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathrum, Aaron John

    2011-01-01

    2012. Calvin, M. Artificial Photosynthesis: Quantum CaptureSolar Fuels via Artificial Photosynthesis. Acc. Chem. Res.37-+. Graetzel, M. Artificial Photosynthesis: Water Cleavage

  8. Multispectral Imaging At Buffalo Valley Hot Springs Area (Littlefield...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spectral Imaging Sensor ASTER Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes ASTER airborne remote sensing. References E. Littlefield, W. Calvin (2009) Remote Sensing For Geothermal...

  9. HYDROCARBONS FROM AUSTRALIAN OIL, 200 MILLION YEARS OLD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Hoeven, William; Haug, Pat; Burlingame, A.L.; Calvin, Kelvin.

    1966-01-01

    of Moonie Oil "Branched- Cyclic" Hydrocarbon FractionNo. W -7405 -eng -48 HYDROCARBONS FROM AUSTRALIAN OIL, 200and Melvin Calvin July HYDROCARBONS FROM AUSTRALIAN OIL, 200

  10. Pat Ketcham, PhD, CHES Associate Director, Health Promotion at SHS since 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    Pat Ketcham, PhD, CHES Associate Director, Health Promotion at SHS since 2000 Educational Promotion, Oregon State University, 2000 - present · Coordinator of Health Iowa at University of Iowa from 1993 - 2000 · Health Education Director at Western Oregon University from 1988 - 1993 Areas

  11. Neo-Latin News 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craig Kallendorf, et al

    2002-01-01

    (XII, 2). Like Calvin?s com- mentary on the Gospel of St. John (see Neo-Latin News 49,1-2 (2001): 176-78), these volumes are edited by Helmut Feld. The first contains a useful introduction of 132 pages which gives information about earlier editions...

  12. [clc] Kinetic and stoichiometric characterization of organoautotrophic growth of Ralstonia eutropha on formic acid in fed-batch and continuous cultures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grunwald, Stephan

    Formic acid, acting as both carbon and energy source, is a safe alternative to a carbon dioxide, hydrogen and dioxygen mix for studying the conversion of carbon through the Calvin–Benson–Bassham (CBB) cycle into value-added ...

  13. Atomic Layer Deposition Enabled Synthesis of Multiferroic Nanostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pham, Calvin Dinh-Tu

    2015-01-01

    Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering 3(1): 235-of Philosophy in Chemical Engineering by Calvin Dinh-Tu PhamDoctor of Philosophy in Chemical Engineering University of

  14. Hyperspectral Mineral Mapping For Geothermal Exploration On The...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    are thought to occur where sulfate-rich groundwater is mixing with calcium in the soil and being precipitated as an evaporite crust. Authors Chris Kratt, Wendy Calvin and...

  15. Photosynthesis Research 70: 325328, 2001. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee

    for breakthroughs in understanding the molecular ma- chinery of the largest solar power plant on the planet prize was awarded jointly to Petra Fromme and Norbert Krauß of Berlin. The Melvin Calvin Award

  16. Some Excitation Functions of Bismuth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, E.L.; Segre, E.

    2008-01-01

    2,,920 (1948). Calvin. M Plutonium Project Report CK-24l1 (and G. Sheline, "The +5 Oxida- tion State of Plutonium",Plutonium Project Record, Vol. 14B, No. 3.15 (to be

  17. HIGH ENERGY EXCITATION FUNCTIONS IN THE HEAVY REGION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meinke, W.W.; Wick, G.C.; Seaborg, G.T.

    2008-01-01

    of the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission. UCRL-868 Page 62Calvin, U. S. Atomic Energy Commission Declassified DocumentvL Mel,nke:i 'i], iL Atomic Energy Commission Declassified

  18. PETROLEUM PLANTATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calvin, Melvin

    2011-01-01

    Science 198, 942 (1977). Petroleum Plantations (continued)Diu is ion, Ext. 6782 PETROLEUM PLANT AT I ONs''e MelvinJapan April 1, 1978 PETROLEUM PLANTATIONS Melvin Calvin

  19. Gender, sex and social control: East Lothian, 1610-1640 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornell, Harriet Jane

    2012-11-30

    Early modern Scotland was a religious society where the doctrine of Calvinism permeated everyday life in the localities through the official regulation of personal behaviour. Recent historical studies have debated the ...

  20. The substitution of sodium for calcium in the mineral nutrition of cotton 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitenberg, David Calvin

    1959-01-01

    LIBRARY A & M O' LLEOE OF TEXA5 THE SUBSTITUTION OF SODIUM FOR CALCIUM IN THE MINERAL NUTRITION OF COTTON A Thesis By DAVID CALVIN WHITENBERG Submit. ted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 19 59 Major Subject: Plant Physiology THE SUBSTITUTION OF SODIUM FOR CALCIUM IN THE MINERAL NUTRITION OF COTTON A Thesis By DAVID CALVIN WHITENBERG Approved as to style...

  1. LBNL-46509 Rebuttal to Testimony on `Kyoto and the Internet: The Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    summarize the key points in our rebuttal as follows: In his Congressional testimony, Mills attemptedLBNL- 46509 Rebuttal to Testimony on `Kyoto and the Internet: The Energy Implications, and Joseph Romm testified. Mills' testimony was an attempt to defend his earlier analysis. Hakes' testimony

  2. Crude Oil Sorption by Raw Cotton Vinitkumar Singh,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    Crude Oil Sorption by Raw Cotton Vinitkumar Singh, Ronald J. Kendall, Kater Hake, and Seshadri: Since the recent Deepwater Horizon Gulf of Mexico oil spill, the need for environmentally friendly oil sorbents has intensified. This study deals with the sorption of crude oil by raw cotton, a biodegradable

  3. Fishery Bulletin Index Volume 103(14), 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    743 Fishery Bulletin Index Volume 103(1­4), 2005 List ot subjects Abundance Argentine hake 445 efficiency 438 Catch per unit of effort 438, 469, 501, 620, 670, 685 Central California Valley Index (CVI Southern Oscillation 685 Endangered Species Act 270 Energetic cost 63 Energy consumption 71 Enhydra lutris

  4. Foreign Fishery Developments 3.000 CJ NOMINAL VALUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the Venezuelan Gov Brazil, and Cuba) export more than $0.1 (Figure 1, Table 1). Chile's export earn ernment in a variety of other Argentina reported an export increase (tuna), Argentina (hake), Brazil (shrimp fisheries ican export earnings increased by near groundfish in Europe and the United ings in 1987, even though

  5. The heterochronic maize mutant Corngrass1 results from overexpression of a tandem microRNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuck1, A Mark Cigan2, Koy Saeteurn1 & Sarah Hake1 Retention of juvenile traits in the adult. Heteroblasty that occurs at the transition from the juvenile to the adult reproductive phase, also known IM SPM SM BM SPM b c d Figure 1 Analysis of the Cg1 phenotype. (a) Four-week-old Cg1-R plant (left

  6. Worldwide Natural Gas Supply and Demand and the Outlook for Global LNG Trade

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1997-01-01

    This article is adapted from testimony by Jay Hakes, Administrator of the Energy Information Administration, before the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee on July 23, 1997. The hearing focused on the examination of certain aspects of natural gas into the next century with special emphasis on world natural gas supply and demand to 2015.

  7. The Sequential Action of miR156 and miR172 Regulates Developmental Timing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weigel, Detlef

    Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, D-72076 Tu¨ bingen, Germany *Correspondence: spoethig@sas elegans (Moss, 2007; Rougvie, 2005) and plants (Ba¨ urle and Dean, 2006; Chuck and Hake, 2005; Poethig in Moss, 2007; Pasquinelli and Ruvkun, 2002; Rougvie, 2005). These were the first miRNAs to be discovered

  8. Foreign Fishery Developments United States-Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Spain ranked eighth worldwide in seafood consumption with 35 kg per person. Of this amount, fresh fish species make up about 40 percent of seafood consumption. Hake is the favor ite species, followed by cod to remain self sufficient, the Spanish '80 '81 '82 '83 '84 '85 Year average EC citizen, who consumes 15 kg

  9. EFFECT OF ICE STORAGE ON THE CHEMICAL AND NUTRITIVE PROPERTIES OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of fish is a problem not only aboard the harvesting vessel but at the shore processing plant as well hake were held in ice for 2, 6, 8, and 11 days. Organoleptic tests on the fresh fish showed of fish protein concentrate (FPC) as well as to that of more common fish products. The preservation

  10. Water Conservation and Technology Center, director to focus on statewide water issues 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2012-01-01

    Securing Our Water Future 28 tx H2O Summer 2012 Story by Kathy Wythe Dr. Calvin Finch, new director of the Water Conservation and Technology Center. ?e newly established Water Conservation and Technology Center (WCTC) in San Antonio will accelerate... development, testing and adopting of new and innovative technologies to help solve water problems and meet water supply needs for Texas. Dr. Calvin Finch, formerly with the San Antonio Water System (SAWS), is the center?s director. Texas AgriLife Research...

  11. A review of "Patronage and Humanist Literature in the Age of the Jagiellons: Court and Career in the Writings of Rudolf Agricola Junior, Valentin Eck, and Leonard Cox" by Jacquiline Glomski 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basista, Jakub

    2010-01-01

    , Toronto: University Press, 2007. xiv + 338 pp. + 5 illus. and maps. $75.00. Review by jakub basista, jagiellonian university, krak?w. Rudolf Agricola Junior, Valentin Eck, and Leonard Cox, three young men from German territories and England, who were..., and by inference, what might have been. The images of Henry examined in this volume told a consistent story. Henry was the hope for international Calvinism (although as D.J.B. Trim argues, James was not as opposed to Calvinism as is sometimes claimed...

  12. Improving carbon fixation pathways

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ducat, DC; Silver, PA

    2012-08-01

    A recent resurgence in basic and applied research on photosynthesis has been driven in part by recognition that fulfilling future food and energy requirements will necessitate improvements in crop carbon-fixation efficiencies. Photosynthesis in traditional terrestrial crops is being reexamined in light of molecular strategies employed by photosynthetic microbes to enhance the activity of the Calvin cycle. Synthetic biology is well-situated to provide original approaches for compartmentalizing and enhancing photosynthetic reactions in a species independent manner. Furthermore, the elucidation of alternative carbon-fixation routes distinct from the Calvin cycle raises possibilities that novel pathways and organisms can be utilized to fix atmospheric carbon dioxide into useful materials.

  13. Logistic Growth The logistic equation is a model of limited population growth. The exponential growth model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ikenaga, Bruce

    9­28­1998 Logistic Growth The logistic equation is a model of limited population growth of organisms runs out of food, encounters predators, or fouls its own environment with waste. The logistic the carrying capacity. Example. A population of roaches grows logistically in Calvin Butterball's kitchen

  14. Neutron Stimulated Emission Computed Tomography of Stable Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on the development of a new molecular imaging technique using inelastic scattering of fast neutrons. Earlier studies characteristic gamma photons through inelastic scattering of an external neutron beam. These stable isotopes canNeutron Stimulated Emission Computed Tomography of Stable Isotopes Carey E. Floyd Jr.*ab , Calvin

  15. Paul Arthur Navratil The Dissertation Committee for Paul Arthur Navratil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Calvin

    William R. Mark #12;Memory-Efficient, Scalable Ray Tracing by Paul Arthur Navr´atil, B.A., B.S., M to my advisors Don Fussell and Calvin Lin for their unflagging support of my work, and to Bill Mark for his continued advice and support both at UT and at Intel. Special thanks to Hank Childs at UC-Davis

  16. The Development of a Guideline on the Sampling/Testing of Innovative/Alternative Disposal Technologies for Sewage Treatment and Disposal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    of degraded water quality in salt ponds, Wickford Harbor, Mount Hope Bay, Narrow River, as well as in manyThe Development of a Guideline on the Sampling/Testing of Innovative/Alternative Disposal Technologies for Sewage Treatment and Disposal Principle Investigators Calvin P. C. Poon #12;Problem

  17. BioMed Central Page 1 of 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    aspects of biofuels research and any related political, eco- nomic, and environmental issues. The benefits of fuels from lignocellulosic biomass, and any related economic, environmental and policy issues. The need Calvin Laboratory, MC 5230, Berkeley CA 94720-5230, USA and 4Center for Environmental Research

  18. CDE Technical Report 2003-1 1 Developing XML Vocabularies for Web Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glushko, Robert J.

    CDE Technical Report 2003-1 1 Developing XML Vocabularies for Web Services Calvin Smith Patrick 2003-1 Abstract Web services depend on XML documents that can be understood by the parties (or of "easy integration" and "interoperability" with web services are undermined by the need for custom coding

  19. Plane of nutrition as influencing reaction of breeding cows to high salt intake 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sells, Louis Vaughn

    1951-01-01

    -ht losses from each ~. "r oup can cc port'! ally attributed to we i;ht loss at calvin" ti. !e. 'yei ht losses for groups 1 and 2 cre considerably Sreator than thoso for groups 5 and 4 which received a full feed o" hay. he rather marked dro!? in wei ht...

  20. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 39, NO. 12, DECEMBER 1991 1931 Aperture Synthesis Concepts in Microwave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruf, Christopher

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 39, NO. 12, DECEMBER 1991 1931 Aperture Synthesis Concepts in Microwave Remote Sensing of the Earth Calvin T. Swift, Fellow, IEEE, David M. Le of magnitude overwhat is presently achieved by microwave imaging systems that are collecting data from earth

  1. Metabolic transformation of microalgae due to light acclimation and genetic modifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    critical to accelerate the exploration of phytoplankton biodiversity and biology. The accumulation, photo- taxis, cell cycle, post-transcriptional gene silencing, and the rapid production of lipids-light conditions photo- synthesis is promoted, where light energy is harvested and CO2 is utilized by the Calvin

  2. Proceedings of IMECE 2008 ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Robert D.

    Proceedings of IMECE 2008 ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition Engineering Tufts University Medford, Massachusetts 02155 Email: r.white@tufts.edu Mark J. Moeller Judith M Engineering Calvin College Grand Rapids, Michigan 49546-4403 ABSTRACT The design, fabrication

  3. Approved Module Information for CH2104, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Biological Chemistry Module Code: CH2104

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    : spectrophotometry, electrophoresis and titrations. The principles of gas chromatography and high pressure liquid * Photosynthesis (light reactions) and carbon fixation (Calvin Cycle) * Synthesis of terpenoids is the basis on which life on Earth is sustained. The principles of photolysis and the generation

  4. MODELING CHAR OXIDATION AS A FUNCTION OF PRESSURE USING AN INTRINSIC LANGMUIR RATE EQUATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Thomas H.

    William C. Hecker Date Calvin H. Batholomew Date W. Vincent Wilding #12;BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY As chair Doctor of Philosophy A global n-th order rate equation is often used to model char oxidation rates: 1) an intrinsic Langmuir rate equation rather than global n-th order kinetics; 2) an analytical

  5. DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkle, Tom

    DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE ANNUAL REPORT AY 2013-2014 School of Business 5 Liberty St and change to the Department of Economics and Finance. A revised economics curriculum, a new finance major the department will be divided into two. The Department of Economics will be chaired by Calvin Blackwell

  6. Mechanistic Origins of Hierarchical Order in Organic Monolayers Deposited From Liquid Crystal Solvents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick, David L.

    Solvents Nick E. Gislason, Calvin Murphy, and David L. Patrick* Department of Chemistry, Western Washington two oriented liquid crystal solvents and one isotropic solvent using a sacrificial template method in which a solvent film applied in a first deposition step is displaced by BOC in a second deposition step

  7. RESEARCH ARTICLE Evolutionary Insights on C4 Photosynthetic Subtypes in Grasses from Genomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Nadir

    beneficial, es- pecially under high air temperature and low CO2 concen- trations (Ehleringer et al. 1997; Muhaidat et al. 2007). In the C4 pathway, atmospheric CO2 is fixed in the mesophyll cells into the bundle­sheath layer cells, where their decarboxylation releases CO2 for the Calvin­Benson cycle

  8. "ONE WORLD, ONE HEALTH, ONE MEDICINE" While there are many species, there is only ONE MEDICINE....

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kay, Mark A.

    "ONE WORLD, ONE HEALTH, ONE MEDICINE" While there are many species, there is only ONE MEDICINE.... The concept of "One Medicine" embodies the view that human and veterinary medicine are dependent Medicine" is credited to Dr. Calvin Schwabe (1927­2006) , a veterinary epidemiologist and parasitologist

  9. oooooooo oooooo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    House Bechtel Engineering Center Hazardous Materials Facility Campbell Hall GiauqueLab Northwest Animal Moses Hall 8 Calvin Lab Cheit Hall North Gate Hall Jackson House Davis Hall North Replacement Alumni A&E A University House Naval Architecture 2401 Anthony Hall Old Art Gallery C 5 2240 Women's Faculty

  10. Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 27, Part 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 27, Part 2 CONTENTS The Kinnikinic Quartzite ........................................................Robert Q. Oaks,Jr., and W . Calvin James Geology of the Sage Valley 7 W'Quadrangle, Caribou County, Idaho, and Lincoln County, Wyoming ....................J ohn L. Conner Geology of the Elk Valley Quadrangle, Bear

  11. Staunton folio, Virginia-West Virginia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darton, Nelson Horatio, 1865-1948.

    1894-01-01

    EVALUATION OF THE EFFECT OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS AND GOSSYM RECOMMENDATIONS ON COTTON FIBER QUALITY A Thesis by BRYAN WEBB SHAW Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... Recommendations on Cotton Fiber Quality. (December 1990) Bryan Webb Shaw, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Calvin B. Parnell, Jr. The objectives of this research were to quantify the effects of plant growth regulators on cotton...

  12. Technology in water conservation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finch, Dr. Calvin

    2013-01-01

    ?? percent to ?? percent. Water reuse systems treat wastewater by various technologies including ?ltering, bioremediation and ozone exposure. ?ese technologies can involve billions of gallons of wastewater ? such as in a municipal recycling e... Column by Dr. Calvin Finch, Water Conservation and Technology Center director WAT E R CONSERVATION & TECHNOLOGY CENTER Securing Our Water Future It is not unusual for individuals to describe water conservation as a behavioral exercise and urge...

  13. Conservation and drought management 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finch, Calvin

    2012-01-01

    Column by Dr. Calvin Finch, Water Conservation and Technology Center director Conservation and Drought Management WAT E R CONSERVATION & TECHNOLOGY CENTER Securing Our Water Future Water conservation and drought management are related..., but they are not the same. Water conservation is a long-term e?ort to reduce the amount of water it takes to manufacture goods, manage households and care for landscapes. Drought management is water-use rules initiated to deal with reduced water supply or increased...

  14. Computer controlled feed delivery system for feed trucks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Gregory Alan

    1989-01-01

    COMPUTER CONTROLLED FEED DELIVERY SYSTEM FOR FEED TRUCKS A Thesis by GREGORY ALAN HOLT Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ABM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August... 1989 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering COMPIJIER CONTROLLED FEED DELIVERY SYSTEM FOR FEED TRUCKS A Thesis by GREGORY ALAN HOLT Approved as to style and content by: Calvin B. Parnell (Chair of Committee) ayne LePori (Member) Charlie G...

  15. The return of metabolism: biochemistry and physiology of the pentose phosphate pathway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stincone, Anna; Prigione, Alessandro; Cramer, Thorsten; Wamelink, Mirjam M. C.; Campbell, Kate; Cheung, Eric; Olin-Sandoval, Viridiana; Greuning, Nana-Maria; Krueger, Antje; Alam, Mohammad Tauqeer; Keller, Markus A.; Breitenbach, Michael; Brindle, Kevin M.; Rabinowitz, Joshua D.; Ralser, Markus

    2014-09-22

    is not. Because FBA is a ubiquitous enzyme (playing an essential role in glycolysis and gluconeogenesis, and also producing sedoheptulose 1,7-bisphosphate), the distinguishing enzyme of the Calvin cycle’s path from triose phosphates to pentose phosphates... ). This thermodynamically driven variant of the non-oxidative PPP is termed riboneogenesis. Just as gluconeogenesis uses the energy of a sugar phosphate bond to convert trioses into hexoses, riboneogenesis uses one to drive flux from trioses to pentoses. Ribose 5-phosphate...

  16. Neighborhood Progress Through Organized Action. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Eula; Cox, Bonnie; Martin, E. C.

    1955-01-01

    -measure of a people's civilization is their ability to work together." - Calvin Coolidge ;T OF US WANT to live in the best possible community. lroblem is getting together and working om an improve- rogram. - --- r-- ment p ning a intere munil "L... coord: lent r peo plt 1. mmunity organization is successful when all families erested groups participate. Such an organization may inate interest in the community and provide an excel- neans for channeling most programs. The interest...

  17. Seating Arrangement, Group Composition and Competition-driven Interaction: Effects on Students' Performance in Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roxas, R. M.; Monterola, C.; Carreon-Monterola, S. L.

    2010-07-28

    We probe the effect of seating arrangement, group composition and group-based competition on students' performance in Physics using a teaching technique adopted from Mazur's peer instruction method. Ninety eight lectures, involving 2339 students, were conducted across nine learning institutions from February 2006 to June 2009. All the lectures were interspersed with student interaction opportunities (SIO), in which students work in groups to discuss and answer concept tests. Two individual assessments were administered before and after the SIO. The ratio of the post-assessment score to the pre-assessment score and the Hake factor were calculated to establish the improvement in student performance. Using actual assessment results and neural network (NN) modeling, an optimal seating arrangement for a class was determined based on student seating location. The NN model also provided a quantifiable method for sectioning students. Lastly, the study revealed that competition-driven interactions increase within-group cooperation and lead to higher improvement on the students' performance.

  18. Water for Energy in the Eagle Ford 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finch, C.

    2013-01-01

    stream_source_info ESL-KT-13-12-44.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 3680 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name ESL-KT-13-12-44.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Water and Hydraulic Fracturing... 12/18/2013 CATEE Conference San Antonio, TX Dr. Calvin Finch Texas A&M Water Conservation and Technology Center ESL-KT-13-12-44 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 ESL-KT-13-12-44 CATEE 2013: Clean...

  19. Basketball - Mens - 1941-1950 - 5 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2006-04-17

    stream_source_info ESL-KT-13-12-44.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 3680 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name ESL-KT-13-12-44.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Water and Hydraulic Fracturing... 12/18/2013 CATEE Conference San Antonio, TX Dr. Calvin Finch Texas A&M Water Conservation and Technology Center ESL-KT-13-12-44 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 ESL-KT-13-12-44 CATEE 2013: Clean...

  20. TREKisM Issue 31 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1983-01-01

    Candleglow br., St. Louis, MO 63129 ·Timmie Beuachamp P 0 80x 153, Dorfield Beach, FL 33441 Judith L. Bessai 1806 W. William Apt 3, Champaign, IL 61821 Joan Blummetti-Santapaga 168 Memphis Ave, Staten Is, NY 10312 ·Calvin K. Bobbitt 2947 Main St, Apt. 4..., Redford, MI 48239 .Madeleine Dessureault 6B4 Albert, Ottawa, ONT, K1R 6L3 Canada .Adrienne M. L. Deutsch 7000 Blvd. East #128C, Guttenburg NJ 07093 .Valerie DeVries 907 Fulton Ave, Winthrop Harbor, IL 60096 .Janet E. Driggs 13011 28th St. West, Milan...

  1. Home Fruit Production - Pears. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipe, John A.; Lyons, Calvin; Stein, Larry

    1988-01-01

    (Blank Pa,ge -in Origi.aI BoHetiDl ' : . 1 r . .- HOME FRUIT PRODUCTION - PEARS John A. Upe, Calvin Lyons and Larry Stein* Pears are long-lived attractive trees for Texas land scapes. Selected varieties produce good fruit with few management... problems. The three basic types of pears grown in the United States are European or French pears, Oriental hybrids and Asian pears. The common pears include such popular varieties as Bartlett, Bosc and D'Anjou. These and other common European varieties...

  2. Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory : 2011

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopment TopMetathesisSedimentsTechnologieswill celebrateCalvin

  3. Temperature-package power correlations for open-mode geologic disposal concepts.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hardin, Ernest L.

    2013-02-01

    Logistical simulation of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) management in the U.S. combines storage, transportation and disposal elements to evaluate schedule, cost and other resources needed for all major operations leading to final geologic disposal. Geologic repository reference options are associated with limits on waste package thermal power output at emplacement, in order to meet limits on peak temperature for certain key engineered and natural barriers. These package power limits are used in logistical simulation software such as CALVIN, as threshold requirements that must be met by means of decay storage or SNF blending in waste packages, before emplacement in a repository. Geologic repository reference options include enclosed modes developed for crystalline rock, clay or shale, and salt. In addition, a further need has been addressed for open modes in which SNF can be emplaced in a repository, then ventilated for decades or longer to remove heat, prior to permanent repository closure. For each open mode disposal concept there are specified durations for surface decay storage (prior to emplacement), repository ventilation, and repository closure operations. This study simulates those steps for several timing cases, and for SNF with three fuel-burnup characteristics, to develop package power limits at which waste packages can be emplaced without exceeding specified temperature limits many years later after permanent closure. The results are presented in the form of correlations that span a range of package power and peak postclosure temperature, for each open-mode disposal concept, and for each timing case. Given a particular temperature limit value, the corresponding package power limit for each case can be selected for use in CALVIN and similar tools.

  4. Energy Efficient Buildings, Salt Lake County, Utah

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnett, Kimberly

    2012-04-30

    Executive Summary Salt Lake County's Solar Photovoltaic Project - an unprecedented public/private partnership Salt Lake County is pleased to announce the completion of its unprecedented solar photovoltaic (PV) installation on the Calvin R. Rampton Salt Palace Convention Center. This 1.65 MW installation will be one the largest solar roof top installations in the country and will more than double the current installed solar capacity in the state of Utah. Construction is complete and the system will be operational in May 2012. The County has accomplished this project using a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) financing model. In a PPA model a third-party solar developer will finance, develop, own, operate, and maintain the solar array. Salt Lake County will lease its roof, and purchase the power from this third-party under a long-term Power Purchase Agreement contract. In fact, this will be one of the first projects in the state of Utah to take advantage of the recent (March 2010) legislation which makes PPA models possible for projects of this type. In addition to utilizing a PPA, this solar project will employ public and private capital, Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants (EECBG), and public/private subsidized bonds that are able to work together efficiently because of the recent stimulus bill. The project also makes use of recent changes to federal tax rules, and the recent re-awakening of private capital markets that make a significant public-private partnership possible. This is an extremely innovative project, and will mark the first time that all of these incentives (EECBG grants, Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds, New Markets tax credits, investment tax credits, public and private funds) have been packaged into one project. All of Salt Lake County's research documents and studies, agreements, and technical information is available to the public. In addition, the County has already shared a variety of information with the public through webinars, site tours, presentations, and written correspondence.

  5. Gene expression profiles of Nitrosomonas europaea, an obligate chemolitotroph

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel J. Arp

    2005-05-25

    Nitrosomonas europaea is an aerobic lithoautotrophic bacterium that uses ammonia (NH3) as its energy source. As a nitrifier, it is an important participant in the nitrogen cycle, which can also influence the carbon cycle. The focus of this work was to explore the genetic structure and mechanisms underlying the lithoautotrophic growth style of N. europaea. Whole genome gene expression: The gene expression profile of cells in exponential growth and during starvation was analyzed using microarrays. During growth, 98% of the genes increased in expression at least two fold compared to starvation conditions. In growing cells, approximately 30% of the genes were expressed eight fold higher, Approximately 10% were expressed more than 15 fold higher. Approximately 3% (91 genes) were expressed to more than 20 fold of their levels in starved cells. Carbon fixation gene expression: N. europaea fixes carbon via the Calvin-Benson-Bassham (CBB) cycle via a type I ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO). This study showed that transcription of cbb genes was up-regulated when the carbon source was limited, while amo, hao and other energy harvesting related genes were down-regulated. Iron related gene expression: Because N. europaea has a relatively high content of hemes, sufficient Fe must be available in the medium for it to grow. The genome revealed that approximately 5% of the coding genes in N. europaea are dedicated to Fe transport and assimilation. Nonetheless, with the exception of citrate biosynthesis genes, N. europaea lacks genes for siderophore production. The Fe requirements for growth and the expression of the putative membrane siderophore receptors were determined. The N. europaea genome has over 100 putative genes ({approx}5% of the coding genes) related to Fe uptake and its siderophore receptors could be grouped phylogenetically in four clusters. Fe related genes, such as a number of TonB-dependent Fe-siderophore receptors for ferrichrome and enterobactin, and diffusion protein OmpC were expressed to higher levels under Fe limitation. N. europaea has a high Fe requirement and under Fe limiting conditions (0.2 {micro}M), is capable to assimilate up to 70% of the available Fe without the ability to produce siderophores.

  6. Engineering and Coordination of Regulatory Networks and Intracellular Complexes to Maximize Hydrogen Production by Phototrophic Microorganisms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James C. Liao

    2012-05-22

    This project is a collaboration with F. R. Tabita of Ohio State. Our major goal is to understand the factors and regulatory mechanisms that influence hydrogen production. The organisms to be utilized in this study, phototrophic microorganisms, in particular nonsulfur purple (NSP) bacteria, catalyze many significant processes including the assimilation of carbon dioxide into organic carbon, nitrogen fixation, sulfur oxidation, aromatic acid degradation, and hydrogen oxidation/evolution. Our part of the project was to develop a modeling technique to investigate the metabolic network in connection to hydrogen production and regulation. Organisms must balance the pathways that generate and consume reducing power in order to maintain redox homeostasis to achieve growth. Maintaining this homeostasis in the nonsulfur purple photosynthetic bacteria is a complex feat with many avenues that can lead to balance, as these organisms possess versatile metabolic capabilities including anoxygenic photosynthesis, aerobic or anaerobic respiration, and fermentation. Growth is achieved by using H{sub 2} as an electron donor and CO{sub 2} as a carbon source during photoautotrophic and chemoautotrophic growth, where CO{sub 2} is fixed via the Calvin-Benson-Bassham (CBB) cycle. Photoheterotrophic growth can also occur when alternative organic carbon compounds are utilized as both the carbon source and electron donor. Regardless of the growth mode, excess reducing equivalents generated as a result of oxidative processes, must be transferred to terminal electron acceptors, thus insuring that redox homeostasis is maintained in the cell. Possible terminal acceptors include O{sub 2}, CO{sub 2}, organic carbon, or various oxyanions. Cells possess regulatory mechanisms to balance the activity of the pathways which supply energy, such as photosynthesis, and those that consume energy, such as CO{sub 2} assimilation or N{sub 2} fixation. The major route for CO{sub 2} assimilation is the CBB reductive pentose phosphate pathway, whose key enzyme is ribulose 1,5-biphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO). In addition to providing virtually all cellular carbon during autotrophic metabolism, RubisCO-mediated CO{sub 2} assimilation is also very important for nonsulfur purple photosynthetic bacteria under photoheterotrophic growth conditions since CO{sub 2} becomes the major electron sink under these conditions. In this work, Ensemble Modeling (EM) was developed to examine the behavior of CBB-compromised RubisCO knockout mutant strains of the nonsulfur purple photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides. Mathematical models of metabolism can be a great aid in studying the effects of large perturbations to the system, such as the inactivation of RubisCO. Due to the complex and highly-interconnected nature of these networks, it is not a trivial process to understand what the effect of perturbations to the metabolic network will be, or vice versa, what enzymatic perturbations are necessary to yield a desired effect. Flux distribution is controlled by multiple enzymes in the network, often indirectly linked to the pathways of interest. Further, depending on the state of the cell and the environmental conditions, the effect of a perturbation may center around how it effects the carbon flow in the network, the balancing of cofactors, or both. Thus, it is desirable to develop mathematical models to describe, understand, and predict network behavior. Through the development of such models, one may gain the ability to generate a set of testable hypotheses for system behavior.

  7. Engineering Ralstonia eutropha for Production of Isobutanol (IBT) Motor Fuel from Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, and Oxygen Project Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinskey, Anthony J.; Worden, Robert Mark; Brigham, Christopher; Lu, Jingnan; Quimby, John Westlake; Gai, Claudia; Speth, Daan; Elliott, Sean; Fei, John Qiang; Bernardi, Amanda; Li, Sophia; Grunwald, Stephan; Grousseau, Estelle; Maiti, Soumen; Liu, Chole

    2013-12-16

    This research project is a collaboration between the Sinskey laboratory at MIT and the Worden laboratory at Michigan State University. The goal of the project is to produce Isobutanol (IBT), a branched-chain alcohol that can serve as a drop-in transportation fuel, through the engineered microbial biosynthesis of Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, and Oxygen using a novel bioreactor. This final technical report presents the findings of both the biological engineering work at MIT that extended the native branched-chain amino acid pathway of the wild type Ralstonia eutropha H16 to perform this biosynthesis, as well as the unique design, modeling, and construction of a bioreactor for incompatible gasses at Michigan State that enabled the operational testing of the complete system. This 105 page technical report summarizing the three years of research includes 72 figures and 11 tables of findings. Ralstonia eutropha (also known as Cupriavidus necator) is a Gram-negative, facultatively chemolithoautotrophic bacteria. It has been the principle organism used for the study of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) polymer biosynthesis. The wild-type Ralstonia eutropha H16 produces PHB as an intracellular carbon storage material while under nutrient stress in the presence of excess carbon. Under this stress, it can accumulate approximately 80 % of its cell dry weight (CDW) as this intracellular polymer. With the restoration of the required nutrients, the cells are then able to catabolize this polymer. If extracted from the cell, this PHB polymer can be processed into biodegradable and biocompatible plastics, however for this research, it is the efficient metabolic pathway channeling the captured carbon that is of interest. R. eutropha is further unique in that it contains two carbon-fixation Calvin–Benson–Bassham cycle operons, two oxygen-tolerant hydrogenases, and several formate dehydrogenases. It has also been much studied for its ability in the presence of oxygen, to fix carbon dioxide into complex cellular molecules using the energy from hydrogen. In this research project, engineered strains of R. eutropha redirected the excess carbon from PHB storage into the production of isobutanol and 3-methyl-1-butanol (branched-chain higher alcohols). These branched-chain higher alcohols can be used directly as substitutes for fossil-based fuels and are seen as alternative biofuels to ethanol and biodiesel. Importantly, these alcohols have approximately 98 % of the energy content of gasoline, 17 % higher than the current gasoline additive ethanol, without impacting corn market production for feed or food. Unlike ethanol, these branched-chain alcohols have low vapor pressure, hygroscopicity, and water solubility, which make them readily compatible with the existing pipelines, gasoline pumps, and engines in our transportation infrastructure. While the use of alternative energies from solar, wind, geothermal, and hydroelectric has spread for stationary power applications, these energy sources cannot be effectively or efficiently employed in current or future transportation systems. With the ongoing concerns of fossil fuel availability and price stability over the long term, alternative biofuels like branched-chain higher alcohols hold promise as a suitable transportation fuel in the future. We showed in our research that various mutant strains of R. eutropha with isobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase activity, in combination with the overexpression of plasmid-borne, native branched-chain amino acid biosynthesis pathway genes and the overexpression of heterologous ketoisovalerate decarboxylase gene, would produce isobutanol and 3-methyl-1-butanol when initiated during nitrogen or phosphorus limitation. Early on, we isolated one mutant R. eutropha strain which produced over 180 mg/L branched-chain alcohols in flask culture while being more tolerant of isobutanol toxicity. After the targeted elimination of genes encoding several potential carbon sinks (ilvE, bkdAB, and aceE), the production titer of the improved to 270 mg/L isobutanol and 40 mg/L 3-methyl-1-butanol.