National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for hair carry vastly

  1. First Google.Org-Funded Geothermal Mapping Report Confirms Vast...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Google.Org-Funded Geothermal Mapping Report Confirms Vast Coast-to-Coast Clean Energy Source First Google.Org-Funded Geothermal Mapping Report Confirms Vast Coast-to-Coast Clean...

  2. A Vast Machine: Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maret, Susan

    2011-01-01

    Review: A Vast Machine: Computer Models, Climate Data, andEdwards, Paul N. A Vast Machine: Computer Models, ClimateEdwards, Paul N. 2004. "A vast machine: standards as social

  3. DOE-Funded Project Shows Promise for Tapping Vast U.S. Oil Shale Resources

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    A technology as simple as an advanced heater cable may hold the secret for tapping into the nation's largest source of oil, which is contained in vast amounts of shale in the American West.

  4. Cochlear hair cell regeneration from neonatal mouse supporting cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bramhall, Naomi F

    2012-01-01

    Unlike lower vertebrates, capable of spontaneous hair cell regeneration, mammals experience permanent sensorineural hearing loss following hair cell damage. Although low levels of hair cell regeneration have been demonstrated ...

  5. A Vast Machine Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    A Vast Machine Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming Paul N. Edwards models, climate data, and the politics of global warming / Paul N. Edwards. p. cm. Includes this: Global warming is a myth. It's all model predictions, nothing but simulations. Before you believe

  6. A Vast Machine Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    A Vast Machine Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming Paul N. Edwards models, climate data, and the politics of global warming / Paul N. Edwards. p. cm. Includes. Climatology--History. 3. Meteorology--History. 4. Climatology--Technological innovation. 5. Global temperature

  7. Edwards, A Vast Machine Bibliography 1 Complete bibliography of all items cited in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    of Climate Change." Global Environmental Change 15, no. 4 (2005): 338-52. Arakawa, A in A Vast Machine: Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming (Cambridge: MIT Press Committee Meetings. http://www.ucar.edu/governance/meetings/oct99/reports

  8. ABSTRACT Genomics and bioinformatics have the vast potential to identify genes that cause disease by investigating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    ABSTRACT Genomics and bioinformatics have the vast potential to identify genes that cause disease by investigating whole-genome databases. Comparison of an individual's geno- type with a genomic database these metabolic profiles with genomic, expression, and proteomic databases. Application of the knowledge of indi

  9. Hair today, gone tomorrow: the degradation and conservation of archaeological hair fibers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sager, Rebecca M.

    2009-05-15

    of the experiments as a whole. The degradation of the fibers in different environmental conditions show that burial in acidic sandy clay is the most detrimental to hair fibers, while hair fibers from arid, dry environments are brittle, but well preserved...

  10. Mechanical Overstimulation of Hair Bundles: Suppression and Recovery of Active Motility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KAO, ALBERT

    2013-01-01

    Motility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MechanicalChannels upon Spontaneous Mechanical Oscillations in HairJ. , 101, 603 (2011) Mechanical Overstimulation of Hair

  11. Hair treatment process providing dispersed colors by light diffraction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lamartine, Bruce Carvell; Orler, E. Bruce; Sutton, Richard Matthew Charles; Song, Shuangqi

    2014-11-11

    Hair was coated with polymer-containing fluid and then hot pressed to form a composite of hair and a polymer film imprinted with a nanopattern. Polychromatic light incident on the nanopattern is diffracted into dispersed colored light.

  12. Hair treatment process providing dispersed colors by light diffraction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lamartine, Bruce Carvell; Orler, E. Bruce; Sutton, Richard Matthew Charles; Song, Shuangqi

    2013-12-17

    Hair was coated with polymer-containing fluid and then hot pressed to form a composite of hair and a polymer film imprinted with a nanopattern. Polychromatic light incident on the nanopattern is diffracted into dispersed colored light.

  13. The search for ancient hair: a scientific approach to the probabilities and recovery of unattached hair in archaeological sites 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner-Pearson, Katherine

    2009-05-15

    A recent upsurge exists of archaeologists using ancient hair as a research tool, with new uses of this previously discarded archaeological material being introduced annually. Human hair deteriorates extremely slowly, and ...

  14. Black holes cannot support conformal scalar hair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Zannias

    1994-09-14

    It is shown that the only static asymptotically flat non-extrema black hole solution of the Einstein-conformally invariant scalar field equations having the scalar field bounded on the horizon, is the Schwarzschild one. Thus black holes cannot be endowed with conformal scalar hair of finite length.

  15. The vast polar structure of the Milky Way attains new members

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pawlowski, Marcel S. [Department of Astronomy, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106 (United States); Kroupa, Pavel, E-mail: marcel.pawlowski@case.edu [Helmholtz-Institut für Strahlen-und Kernphysik, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, Nussallee 14-16, D-53115 Bonn (Germany)

    2014-07-20

    The satellite galaxies of the Milky Way (MW) align with and preferentially orbit in a vast polar structure (VPOS), which also contains globular clusters (GCs) and stellar and gaseous streams. Similar alignments have been discovered around several other host galaxies. We test whether recently discovered objects in the MW halo, the satellite galaxy/GC transition object named PSO J174.0675-10.8774 or Crater and three stellar streams, are part of the VPOS. Crater is situated close to the VPOS. Incorporating the new object in the VPOS-plane fit slightly improves the alignment of the plane with other features such as the Magellanic stream and the average orbital plane of the satellites co-orbiting in the VPOS. We predict Crater's proper motion by assuming that it, too, orbits in the VPOS. One of the three streams aligns well with the VPOS. Surprisingly, it appears to lie in the exact same orbital plane as the Palomar 5 stream and shares its distance, suggesting a direct connection between the two. The stream also crosses close to the Fornax dwarf galaxy and is oriented approximately along the galaxy's direction of motion. The two other streams cannot align closely with the VPOS because they were discovered in the direction of M31/M33, which is outside of the satellite structure. The VPOS thus attains two new members. This further emphasizes that the highly anisotropic and correlated distribution of satellite objects requires an explanation beyond the suggestion that the MW satellite system is an extreme statistical outlier of a ?CDM sub-halo system.

  16. Hair treatment process providing dispersed colors by light diffraction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sutton, Richard Matthew Charles; Lamartine, Bruce Carvell; Orler, E. Bruce; Song, Shuangqi

    2015-12-22

    A hair treatment process for providing dispersed colors by light diffraction including (a) coating the hair with a material comprising a polymer, (b) pressing the hair with a pressing device including one or more surfaces, and (c) forming a secondary nanostructured surface pattern on the hair that is complementary to the primary nanostructured surface pattern on the one or more surfaces of the pressing device. The secondary nanostructured surface pattern diffracts light into dispersed colors that are visible on the hair. The section of the hair is pressed with the pressing device for from about 1 to 55 seconds. The polymer has a glass transition temperature from about 55.degree. C. to about 90.degree. C. The one or more surfaces include a primary nanostructured surface pattern.

  17. A Review of Gene Delivery and Stem Cell Based Therapies for Regenerating Inner Ear Hair Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devarajan, Keerthana; Staecker, Hinrich; Detamore, Michael S.

    2011-09-13

    regenerative capacity of the inner ear hair cells. With recent advances in understanding the developmental biology of mammalian and non-mammalian hair cells a variety of strategies have emerged to restore lost hair cells are being developed. Two predominant...

  18. Development/Plasticity/Repair Identification of Modulators of Hair Cell Regeneration in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubel, Edwin

    Development/Plasticity/Repair Identification of Modulators of Hair Cell Regeneration levels, environmental toxins, and some medications can readily induce damage or loss of hair cells, often

  19. Genetically induced cell death in bulge stem cells reveals their redundancy for hair and epidermal regeneration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Driskell, Iwona; Oeztuerk-Winder, Feride; Humphreys, Peter; Frye, Michaela

    2014-12-02

    by the dif- ferentiation into hair shaft and its inner root sheath [20, 21]. Hair follicle bulge cells enter the cell cycle later and form the outer root sheath [5, 22]. Although both populations act interdependent to regenerate the hair follicle, the hair...

  20. Electrically charged black hole with scalar hair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cristian Martinez; Ricardo Troncoso

    2006-06-16

    An electrically charged black hole solution with scalar hair in four dimensions is presented. The self-interacting scalar field is real and it is minimally coupled to gravity and electromagnetism. The event horizon is a surface of negative constant curvature and the asymptotic region is locally an AdS spacetime. The asymptotic fall-off of the fields is slower than the standard one. The scalar field is regular everywhere except at the origin, and is supported by the presence of electric charge which is bounded from above by the AdS radius. In turn, the presence of the real scalar field smooths the electromagnetic potential everywhere. Regardless the value of the electric charge, the black hole is massless and has a fixed temperature. The entropy follows the usual area law. It is shown that there is a nonvanishing probability for the decay of the hairy black hole into a charged black hole without scalar field. Furthermore, it is found that an extremal black hole without scalar field is likely to undergo a spontaneous dressing up with a nontrivial scalar field, provided the electric charge is below a critical value.

  1. Microscale Evolution of Web Pages Carrie Grimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Microscale Evolution of Web Pages Carrie Grimes Google 345 Spear St San Francisco, CA 94105 cgrimes set of "rapidly" changing web pages and examine the assumption that the arrival of content changes in the behavior of pages that can be exploited to maintain freshness in a web corpus. Categories and Subject

  2. Vehicle for carrying an object of interest

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zollinger, W. Thor (Idaho Falls, ID); Ferrante, Todd A. (Westerville, OH)

    1998-01-01

    A vehicle for carrying an object of interest across a supporting surface including a frame having opposite first and second ends; a first pair of wheels fixedly mounted on the first end of the frame; a second pair of wheels pivotally mounted on the second end of the frame; and a pair of motors borne by the frame, each motor disposed in driving relation relative to one of the pairs of wheels, the motors propelling the vehicle across the supporting surface.

  3. Vehicle for carrying an object of interest

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zollinger, W.T.; Ferrante, T.A.

    1998-10-13

    A vehicle for carrying an object of interest across a supporting surface including a frame having opposite first and second ends; a first pair of wheels fixedly mounted on the first end of the frame; a second pair of wheels pivotally mounted on the second end of the frame; and a pair of motors borne by the frame, each motor disposed in driving relation relative to one of the pairs of wheels, the motors propelling the vehicle across the supporting surface. 8 figs.

  4. Trace Elements in Hair from Tanzanian Children: Effect of Dietary Factor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohammed, Najat K.; Spyrou, Nicholas M.

    2009-04-19

    Trace elements in certain amounts are essential for childrens' health, because they are present in tissues participating in metabolic reactions of organisms. Deficiency of the essential elements may result in malnutrition, impaired body immunity, and poor resistance to disease. These conditions might be enhanced against a background of additional adverse environmental factors such as toxic elements. The analysis of elements in childrens' hair will give information on the deficiency of essential elements and excess of toxic elements in relation to their diet. In this study, 141 hair samples from children (girls and boys) living in two regions of Tanzanian mainland (Dar es Salaam and Moshi) and the island of Zanzibar have been analysed for trace elements in relation to food consumption habits. The analysis was carried out using long and short irradiation instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) of the Nuclear Physics Institute at Rez, Czech Republic. Arithmetic and geometric means with their respective standard deviations are presented for 19 elements. Subgroups were formed according to age, gender, and geographic regions from which the samples were collected. Differences in concentrations for the groups and with other childhood populations were explored and discussed.

  5. Hair Dryer vs. Upright Vacuum: Round Two of #EnergyFaceoff Begins...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hair Dryer vs. Upright Vacuum: Round Two of EnergyFaceoff Begins Hair Dryer vs. Upright Vacuum: Round Two of EnergyFaceoff Begins November 10, 2014 - 9:35am Q&A Which appliance...

  6. Asymptotically flat black holes with scalar hair: a review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herdeiro, Carlos A R

    2015-01-01

    We consider the status of black hole solutions with non-trivial scalar fields but no gauge fields, in four dimensional asymptotically flat space-times, reviewing both classical results and recent developments. We start by providing a simple illustration on the physical difference between black holes in electro-vacuum and scalar-vacuum. Next, we review no-scalar-hair theorems. In particular, we detail an influential theorem by Bekenstein and stress three key assumptions: 1) the type of scalar field equation; 2) the spacetime symmetry inheritance by the scalar field; 3) an energy condition. Then, we list regular (on and outside the horizon), asymptotically flat BH solutions with scalar hair, organizing them by the assumption which is violated in each case and distinguishing primary from secondary hair. We provide a table summary of the state of the art.

  7. Asymptotically flat black holes with scalar hair: a review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlos A. R. Herdeiro; Eugen Radu

    2015-04-30

    We consider the status of black hole solutions with non-trivial scalar fields but no gauge fields, in four dimensional asymptotically flat space-times, reviewing both classical results and recent developments. We start by providing a simple illustration on the physical difference between black holes in electro-vacuum and scalar-vacuum. Next, we review no-scalar-hair theorems. In particular, we detail an influential theorem by Bekenstein and stress three key assumptions: 1) the type of scalar field equation; 2) the spacetime symmetry inheritance by the scalar field; 3) an energy condition. Then, we list regular (on and outside the horizon), asymptotically flat BH solutions with scalar hair, organizing them by the assumption which is violated in each case and distinguishing primary from secondary hair. We provide a table summary of the state of the art.

  8. The Cutaneous Epidermal Growth Factor Network: Can it be Translated Clinically to Stimulate Hair Growth?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandrescu, Doru T; Kauffman, C Lisa; Dasanu, Constantin A

    2009-01-01

    Epiregulin, Betacellulin [BTC]), with resultant homo- andare exerted, by which BTC retards the induction of the hair

  9. Carrie Goodson | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B LReports from thecarbonBW:GS:14-0032:UFCCarolCarolynCarrie

  10. Super-Helices for Predicting the Dynamics of Natural Hair Florence Bertails

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podgornik, Rudolf

    simulation is one of the most difficult issues when animating virtual humans. Human hair is a very complex of natural hair of various types: wavy, curly, straight. These hairstyles were animated using N = 5 helical elements per guide strand. Abstract Simulating human hair is recognized as one of the most difficult tasks

  11. Hair growth by means of sparse volumetric modeling and advection Ashraf Ghoniem and Ken Museth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hair growth by means of sparse volumetric modeling and advection Ashraf Ghoniem and Ken Museth DreamWorks Animation Figure 1: Example showcasing our volumetric approach to hair growth. Left: polygonal model of scalp and hair serving as input to our method. Middle: Sparse volumetric velocity field

  12. A Reduced Model for Interactive Hairs Menglei Chai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grinspun, Eitan

    fidelity in realtime simulations. To bridge this gap, we propose a data-driven solution. Building upon characteristics with a small number of guide hairs and the corresponding interpolation relationships. At runtime movement and wind force), and compared against full simulation results that does not appear in the training

  13. AJ Hudspeth amplification of stimuli by hair cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hudspeth, A. James

    , though, hair cells confront a dearth of energy in threshold stimuli. For example, photoreceptors capture light, each quantum of which imparts a substantial amount of energy; a single green photon has an energy potentially garner stimulus energy by binding their ligands tightly; the capture of an olfactant by an odorant

  14. Follicular unit extraction hair transplant automation: Options in overcoming challenges of the latest technology in hair restoration with the goal of avoiding the line scar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rashid, Rashid M; Bicknell, Lindsay T Morgan

    2012-01-01

    extraction hair transplant automation: Options in overcomingis also required [ 4 ]. Automation of various steps of FUEFor example, with automation, increased harvest numbers are

  15. Lab 1 Mineral Utility Lab notes The physical world is made up of a vast number of different minerals. Later on in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, X. Rong

    Lab 1 Mineral Utility Lab notes The physical world is made up of a vast number of different minerals. Later on in the course, we will learn about some of the more common rock-forming ones them, e.g. gold, silver, and even salt or "halite". These and most other minerals have to be extracted

  16. Cancer research is at an inflection point. In recent decades, researchers at MIT and around the world have developed a vastly more intricate understanding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabatini, David M.

    #12;WHY NOW? Cancer research is at an inflection point. In recent decades, researchers at MIT and around the world have developed a vastly more intricate understanding of the biology of cancer, opening--all united in the fight against cancer. We also engage an extensive network of academic medical centers

  17. Combing gravitational hair in 2+1 dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donnelly, William; Mintun, Eric

    2015-01-01

    The gravitational Gauss law requires any addition of energy to be accompanied by the addition of gravitational flux. The possible configurations of this flux for a given source may be called gravitational hair, and several recent works discuss gravitational observables (`gravitational Wilson lines') which create this hair in highly-collimated `combed' configurations. We construct and analyze time-symmetric classical solutions of 2+1 Einstein-Hilbert gravity such as might be created by smeared versions of such operators. We focus on the AdS$_3$ case, where this hair is characterized by the profile of the boundary stress tensor; the desired solutions are those where the boundary stress tensor at initial time $t=0$ agrees precisely with its vacuum value outside an angular interval $[-\\alpha,\\alpha]$. At linear order in source strength the energy is independent of the combing parameter $\\alpha$, but non-linearities cause the full energy to diverge as $\\alpha \\to 0$. In general, solutions with combed gravitational...

  18. The vast population of Wolf-Rayet and red supergiant stars in M101. I. Motivation and first results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shara, Michael M.; Bibby, Joanne L.; Zurek, David; Crowther, Paul A.; Moffat, Anthony F. J.; Drissen, Laurent

    2013-12-01

    Assembling a catalog of at least 10,000 Wolf-Rayet (W-R) stars is an essential step in proving (or disproving) that these stars are the progenitors of Type Ib and Type Ic supernovae. To this end, we have used the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) to carry out a deep, He II optical narrowband imaging survey of the ScI spiral galaxy M101. Almost the entire galaxy was imaged with the unprecedented depth and resolution that only the HST affords. Differenced with archival broadband images, the narrowband images allow us to detect much of the W-R star population of M101. We describe the extent of the survey and our images, as well as our data reduction procedures. A detailed broadband-narrowband imaging study of a field east of the center of M101, containing the giant star-forming region NGC 5462, demonstrates our completeness limits, how we find W-R candidates, their properties and spatial distribution, and how we rule out most contaminants. We use the broadband images to locate luminous red supergiant (RSG) candidates. The spatial distributions of the W-R and RSG stars near NGC 5462 are strikingly different. W-R stars dominate the complex core, while RSGs dominate the complex halo. Future papers in this series will describe and catalog more than a thousand W-R and RSG candidates that are detectable in our images, as well as spectra of many of those candidates.

  19. Combing gravitational hair in 2+1 dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William Donnelly; Donald Marolf; Eric Mintun

    2015-10-02

    The gravitational Gauss law requires any addition of energy to be accompanied by the addition of gravitational flux. The possible configurations of this flux for a given source may be called gravitational hair, and several recent works discuss gravitational observables (`gravitational Wilson lines') which create this hair in highly-collimated `combed' configurations. We construct and analyze time-symmetric classical solutions of 2+1 Einstein-Hilbert gravity such as might be created by smeared versions of such operators. We focus on the AdS$_3$ case, where this hair is characterized by the profile of the boundary stress tensor; the desired solutions are those where the boundary stress tensor at initial time $t=0$ agrees precisely with its vacuum value outside an angular interval $[-\\alpha,\\alpha]$. At linear order in source strength the energy is independent of the combing parameter $\\alpha$, but non-linearities cause the full energy to diverge as $\\alpha \\to 0$. In general, solutions with combed gravitational flux also suffer from what we call displacement from their naive location. For weak sources and large $\\alpha$ one may set the displacement to zero by further increasing the energy, though for strong sources and small $\\alpha$ we find no preferred notion of a zero-displacement solution. In the latter case we conclude that naively-expected gravitational Wilson lines do not exist. In the zero-displacement case, taking the AdS scale $\\ell$ to infinity gives finite-energy flux-directed solutions that may be called asymptotically flat.

  20. Defined populations of inner ear progenitor cells show limited and distinct capacities for differentiation into hair cells, neurons, and glia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLean, Will (Will James)

    2014-01-01

    Despite the fact that mammalian hair cells and neurons do not naturally regenerate in vivo, progenitor cells exist within the postnatal inner ear that can be manipulated to generate hair cells and neurons. This work reveals ...

  1. The Function and Genetic Interactions of Zebrafish atoh1 and sox2: Genes Involved in Hair Cell Development and Regeneration 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millimaki, Bonny Butler

    2010-10-12

    The sensory cells of the inner ear, hair cells, provide vertebrates with the ability to detect auditory stimuli and balance. In mammals, cochlear hair cells, those responsible for hearing, do not regenerate. Zebrafish ...

  2. Measurements of trace element concentration profiles across the diameter of human hair with micro-pixe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bos, A.J.J.; C.C.A.H.v.d. Stap.; Lenglet, W.J.M.; Valkovic, V.; Vis, R.D.

    1983-04-01

    Trace element distributions across single human hairs using a proton microbeam has been measured to study the origin of these elements in hair. A new way of concentration assignment for micro PIXE making use of both the Proton Induced characteristic X-rays and the Rutherford Backscattered protons is reported.

  3. Thermal Modeling and Experimental Validation of Human Hair and Skin Heated by Broadband Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguilar, Guillermo

    distribution within the hair follicle is highly non-uniform: the minimum temperature occurs at the follicle Sun, PhD,1 Alex Chaney,1 Robert Anderson, PhD,2 and Guillermo Aguilar, PhD 1 * 1 Department:(a)determinetheoveralleffectofPPxonskinhumidi- tyandassociatedskinopticalproperties,and;(b)developaPT numerical model to study the spatial and temporal hair and skin temperature

  4. Development/Plasticity/Repair Hair Cell Replacement in Adult Mouse Utricles after

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubel, Edwin

    Development/Plasticity/Repair Hair Cell Replacement in Adult Mouse Utricles after Targeted Ablation of Hair Cells with Diphtheria Toxin Justin S. Golub,1 Ling Tong,1 Tot B. Ngyuen,1 Cliff R. Hume,1 Richard utricle by inserting the human diphtheria toxin receptor (DTR) gene into the Pou4f3 gene, which encodes

  5. Coherent motion of stereocilia assures the concerted gating of hair-cell transduction channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrei S. Kozlov; Thomas Risler; A. J. Hudspeth

    2009-02-16

    The hair cell's mechanoreceptive organelle, the hair bundle, is highly sensitive because its transduction channels open over a very narrow range of displacements. The synchronous gating of transduction channels also underlies the active hair-bundle motility that amplifies and tunes responsiveness. The extent to which the gating of independent transduction channels is coordinated depends on how tightly individual stereocilia are constrained to move as a unit. Using dual-beam interferometry in the bullfrog's sacculus, we found that thermal movements of stereocilia located as far apart as a bundle's opposite edges display high coherence and negligible phase lag. Because the mechanical degrees of freedom of stereocilia are strongly constrained, a force applied anywhere in the hair bundle deflects the structure as a unit. This feature assures the concerted gating of transduction channels that maximizes the sensitivity of mechanoelectrical transduction and enhances the hair bundle's capacity to amplify its inputs.

  6. Energy output from a single outer hair cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iwasa, Kuni H

    2016-01-01

    Electromotility of outer hair cells (OHCs) has been extensively studied with in vitro experiments because of its physiological significance in the cochlear amplifier, which provides the exquisite sensitivity and frequency selectivity of the mammalian ear. However, these studies have been performed largely under load-free conditions or with static load, while these cells function in vivo in a dynamic environment, receiving electrical energy to enhance mechanical oscillation in the inner ear. This gap leaves uncertainties in addressing a key issue, how much mechanical energy an OHC provides. The present report is an attempt of bridging the gap by introducing a simple one-dimensional model for electromotility of OHC in a dynamic environment. This model incorporates a feedback loop involving the receptor potential and the mechanical load on OHC, and leads to an analytical expression for the membrane capacitance, which explicitly describes the dependence on the elastic load, viscous drag, and the mass. The derived...

  7. Three-Hair Relations for Rotating Stars: Nonrelativistic Limit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leo C. Stein; Kent Yagi; Nicolas Yunes

    2014-05-17

    The gravitational field outside of astrophysical black holes is completely described by their mass and spin frequency, as expressed by the no-hair theorems. These theorems assume vacuum spacetimes, and thus they apply only to black holes and not to stars. Despite this, we analytically find that the gravitational potential of arbitrarily rapid rigidly rotating stars can still be described completely by only their mass, spin angular momentum, and quadrupole moment. Although these results are obtained in the nonrelativistic limit (to leading order in a weak-field expansion of general relativity, GR), they are also consistent with fully relativistic numerical calculations of rotating neutron stars. This description of the gravitational potential outside the source in terms of just three quantities is approximately universal (independent of equation of state). Such universality may be used to break degeneracies in pulsar and future gravitational wave observations to extract more physics and test GR in the strong-field regime.

  8. End of Year reporting & Carry forward process for ARC & NHMRC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blennerhassett, Peter

    End of Year reporting & Carry forward process for ARC & NHMRC PREPARATION · September - GMO sends reminder email to CIs to review research account expenditure · October - GMO sends advice to all CIs Financial Statement amounts and GMO classifies accounts according to reporting required; % of carry forward

  9. Relative stereociliary motion in a hair bundle opposes amplification at distortion frequencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrei S. Kozlov; Thomas Risler; Armin J. Hinterwirth; A. J. Hudspeth

    2012-03-08

    Direct gating of mechanoelectrical-transduction channels by mechanical force is a basic feature of hair cells that assures fast transduction and underpins the mechanical amplification of acoustic inputs. But the associated nonlinearity - the gating compliance - inevitably distorts signals. Because reducing distortion would make the ear a better detector, we sought mechanisms with that effect. Mimicking in vivo stimulation, we used stiff probes to displace individual hair bundles at physiological amplitudes and measured the coherence and phase of the relative stereociliary motions with a dual-beam differential interferometer. Although stereocilia moved coherently and in phase at the stimulus frequencies, large phase lags at the frequencies of the internally generated distortion products indicated dissipative relative motions. Tip links engaged these relative modes and decreased the coherence in both stimulated and free hair bundles. These results show that a hair bundle breaks into a highly dissipative serial arrangement of stereocilia at distortion frequencies, precluding their amplification.

  10. Hair mercury concentrations and associated factors in an electronic waste recycling area, Guiyu, China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ni, Wenqing [Department of Preventive Medicine, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, Guangdong (China)] [Department of Preventive Medicine, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, Guangdong (China); Chen, Yaowen [Central Laboratory of Shantou University, Shantou 515063, Guangdong (China)] [Central Laboratory of Shantou University, Shantou 515063, Guangdong (China); Huang, Yue; Wang, Xiaoling [Department of Preventive Medicine, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, Guangdong (China)] [Department of Preventive Medicine, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, Guangdong (China); Zhang, Gairong [Central Laboratory of Shantou University, Shantou 515063, Guangdong (China)] [Central Laboratory of Shantou University, Shantou 515063, Guangdong (China); Luo, Jiayi [Department of Preventive Medicine, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, Guangdong (China)] [Department of Preventive Medicine, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, Guangdong (China); Wu, Kusheng, E-mail: kswu@stu.edu.cn [Department of Preventive Medicine, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, Guangdong (China)] [Department of Preventive Medicine, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, Guangdong (China)

    2014-01-15

    Objective: Toxic heavy metals are released to the environment constantly from unregulated electronic waste (e-waste) recycling in Guiyu, China, and thus may contribute to the elevation of mercury (Hg) and other heavy metals levels in human hair. We aimed to investigate concentrations of mercury in hair from Guiyu and potential risk factors and compared them with those from a control area where no e-waste processing occurs. Methods: A total of 285 human hair samples were collected from three villages (including Beilin, Xianma, and Huamei) of Guiyu (n=205) and the control area, Jinping district of Shantou city (n=80). All the volunteers were administered a questionnaire regarding socio-demographic characteristics and other possible factors contributed to hair mercury concentration. Hair mercury concentration was analyzed by hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry (AFS). Results: Our results suggested that hair mercury concentrations in volunteers of Guiyu (median, 0.99; range, 0.18–3.98 ?g/g) were significantly higher than those of Jinping (median, 0.59; range, 0.12–1.63 ?g/g). We also observed a higher over-limit ratio (>1 ?g/g according to USEPA) in Guiyu than in Jinping (48.29% vs. 11.25%, P<0.001). Logistic regression model showed that the variables of living house also served as an e-waste workshop, work related to e-waste, family income, time of residence in Guiyu, the distance between home and waste incineration, and fish intake were associated with hair mercury concentration. After multiple stepwise regression analysis, in the Guiyu samples, hair mercury concentration was found positively associated with the time residence in Guiyu (?=0.299, P<0.001), and frequency of shellfish intake (?=0.184, P=0.016); and negatively associated with the distance between home and waste incineration (?=?0.190, P=0.015) and whether house also served as e-waste workshop (?=?0.278, P=0.001). Conclusions: This study investigated human mercury exposure and suggested elevated hair mercury concentrations in an e-waste recycling area, Guiyu, China. Living in Guiyu for a long time and work related to e-waste may primarily contribute to the high hair mercury concentrations. -- Highlights: • Mercury levels in hair samples from Guiyu and risk factors were assessed. • The recruitments from Guiyu were exposed to high levels of mercury. • Primitive e-waste recycling resulted in high mercury exposure of local people.

  11. Carrying Semiautomatic Pistols with a Round in the Chamber

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1999-10-28

    Sets forth requirements for a DOE security police officer who must carry a round in the chamber of a semiautomatic pistol while on duty. Does not cancel other directives.

  12. Replicating the carry trade through an exchange traded fund

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shan, Jonathan (Jonathan W.)

    2013-01-01

    There is an overarching belief that the carry trade is a simple investment strategy based on the popular mantra of buying low and selling high. However, in reality, there are several factors that need to be taken into ...

  13. Missile Captive Carry Monitoring using a Capacitive MEMS Accelerometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hatchell, Brian K.; Mauss, Fredrick J.; Santiago-Rojas, Emiliano; Amaya, Ivan A.; Skorpik, James R.; Silvers, Kurt L.; Marotta, Steve

    2010-04-08

    Military missiles are exposed to many sources of mechanical vibration that can affect system reliability, safety, and mission effectiveness. One of the most significant exposures to vibration occurs when the missile is being carried by an aviation platform, which is a condition known as captive carry. If the duration of captive carry exposure could be recorded during the missile’s service life, several advantages could be realized. Missiles that have been exposed to durations outside the design envelop could be flagged or screened for maintenance or inspection; lightly exposed missiles could be selected for critical mission applications; and missile allocation to missions could be based on prior use to avoid overuse. The U. S. Army Aviation and Missile Research Development and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) has been developing health monitoring systems to assess and improve reliability of missiles during storage and field exposures. Under the direction of AMRDEC staff, engineers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed a Captive Carry Health Monitor (CCHM) for the HELLFIRE II missile. The CCHM is an embedded usage monitoring device installed on the outer skin of the HELLFIRE II missile to record the cumulative hours the host missile has been in captive carry mode and thereby assess the overall health of the missile. This paper provides an overview of the CCHM electrical and package design, describes field testing and data analysis techniques used to identify captive carry, and discusses the potential application of missile health and usage data for real-time reliability analysis and fleet management.

  14. Improved Universality in the Neutron Star Three-Hair Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barun Majumder; Kent Yagi; Nicolas Yunes

    2015-04-09

    No-hair like relations between the multipole moments of the exterior gravitational field of neutron stars have recently been found to be approximately independent of the star's internal structure. This approximate, equation-of-state universality arises after one adimensionalizes the multipole moments appropriately, which then begs the question of whether there are better ways to adimensionalize the moments to obtain stronger universality. We here investigate this question in detail by considering slowly-rotating neutron stars both in the non-relativistic limit and in full General Relativity. We find that there exist normalizations that lead to stronger equation-of-state universality in the relations among the moment of inertia and the quadrupole, octopole and hexadecapole moments of neutron stars. We determine the optimal normalization that minimizes the equation-of-state dependence in these relations. The results found here may have applications in the modeling of X-ray pulses and atomic line profiles from millisecond pulsars with NICER and LOFT.

  15. Nanometer-scale investigations by atomic force microscopy into the effect of different treatments on the surface structure of hair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durkan, C.; Wang, N.

    2014-09-15

    left behind by commercial products. Methods Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and related techniques. Results It can be directly seen that washing hair using commercial hair-care products removes deposits that naturally form on the shaft, revealing... . The factors determining which products a given consumer purchases include the brand, the cost, the scent and the perceived benefit. Hair shafts have traditionally been studied using scanning or transmission electron microscopy (SEM or TEM) 2...

  16. Heat flux carried by the Antarctic Circumpolar Current mean flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    Heat flux carried by the Antarctic Circumpolar Current mean flow Che Sun Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island, USA Received 18 of historical hydrographic data is applied to study the heat flux problem in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current

  17. Carrie Ann Menke, ne Brindle School of Natural Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oviedo, Néstor J.

    1 Carrie Ann Menke, née Brindle School of Natural Sciences 5200 N. Lake Road Merced, CA 95343 Phone students. Duties included training students on vacuum systems, cryogenic systems, gas handling, Fourier of pure and doped liquid helium droplets, detected with an Extrel quadrupole mass spectrometer. o

  18. Effect of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids and related nutrients on sebum lipids, and skin and hair coat condition in canines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, Naomi Anne

    2005-02-17

    feeding period of Phase II, test results revealed statistically significant increases in both CE and CE/WD, and a prolonged growth of hair follicles in the anagen phase of diet B dogs, which are both consistent with improved skin and hair coat scores....

  19. Anisotropic Power-law Inflation: A counter example to the cosmic no-hair conjecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiro Soda

    2014-10-31

    It is widely believed that anisotropy in the expansion of the universe will decay exponentially fast during inflation. This is often referred to as the cosmic no-hair conjecture. However, we find a counter example to the cosmic no-hair conjecture in the context of supergravity. As a demonstration, we present an exact anisotropic power-law inflationary solution which is an attractor in the phase space. We emphasize that anisotropic inflation is quite generic in the presence of anisotropic sources which couple with an inflaton.

  20. Determination of selected trace elements in human head hair by neutron activation analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Courson, Leonard Austin

    1981-01-01

    ) Leonard Austin Courson, B. S. , Auburn University Chairman of Adv1sory Committee: Dr. Richard D. Neff Trace element determination utilizing neutron activation analysis (NAA) has been shown to be a powerful tool in the 1nvesti gati on of human head hair...- culate a probab1lity that two different hair samples are of common origin. By sampling 299 members of the population of the Central Texas area and uti li z1 ng NAA to determine the concentrations of the short lived activation products, such a data base...

  1. Department of Computer Science University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill March 2005 Hair modeling is crucial for generating realistic appearances of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollefeys, Marc

    Department of Computer Science University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill March 2005 Motivation of the computational power towards the hairs that are the most significant to the viewer at a given time. Framework Our of the skeleton. The hair geometry (in any geometric representation) Long, curly, red hair blowing in the wind

  2. Multipole expansions for energy and momenta carried by gravitational waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milton Ruiz; Miguel Alcubierre; Dario Nunez; Ryoji Takahashi

    2008-02-25

    We present expressions for the energy, linear momentum and angular momentum carried away from an isolated system by gravitational radiation based on spin-weighted spherical harmonics decomposition of the Weyl scalar $\\Psi_4$. We also show that the expressions derived are equivalent to the common expressions obtained when using a framework based on perturbations of a Schwazschild background. The main idea is to collect together all the different expressions in a uniform and consistent way. The formulae presented here are directly applicable to the calculation of the radiated energy, linear momentum and angular momentum starting from the gravitational waveforms which are typically extracted from numerical simulations.

  3. From: Talley, Carrie To: Congestion Study Comments Subject:

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015ExecutiveFluorescentDan O"HaganTalley, Carrie To: Congestion Study

  4. A study of hair follicles and their changes as related to wool characteristics in sheep 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, Raleigh Elwood

    1943-01-01

    of Genetics for their kind coop? eration. 104640 CONTENTS Introduction........................................ 1 Materials and Methods............................... 5 Classification of Hair ? . ........................... 8 General Morphology... of the Skin of Sheep ? ? ? .......... 14- Epidermis ..................................... H Derma or Corium .................................. 15 Muscles of the Skin................ . . . . . . . 16 Sebaceous or Oil G l a n d...

  5. Inverse Dynamic Hair Modeling with Frictional Contact Alexandre Derouet-Jourdan Florence Bertails-Descoubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    is crucial for representing convincing virtual humans. In the two related fields of Computer Graphics, namely geometry at initial state and (d) yields a realistic, character-specific hair animation. Abstract In the latest years, considerable progress has been achieved for ac- curately acquiring the geometry of human

  6. Coulomb field is carried rigidly by the radial electron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. E. Bulyzhenkov

    2015-06-28

    Non-empty space reading of Maxwell's equations explains why a Coulomb field is carried rigidly by an electron beam in experiments. The analytical solution of the Poisson's equation defines the sharp radial shape of charged elementary densities which are proportional to continuous densities of electric self-energy. Locally bounded Coulomb field and charge densities are free from electric energy divergences and these paired distributions obey the principle of equivalence for active and passive electric energies. Non-empty space of charged mass-energy can be described by complex analytical densities resulting in real numbers for volume mass integrals and in imaginary numbers for electric charge integrals. Imaginary charges comply with the radiation self-deceleration and real Coulomb forces for paired interactions.

  7. Four-Hair Relations for Differentially Rotating Neutron Stars in the Weak-Field Limit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph Bretz; Kent Yagi; Nicolas Yunes

    2015-07-08

    The opportunity to study physics at supra-nuclear densities through X-ray observations of neutron stars has led to in-depth investigations of certain approximately universal relations that can remove degeneracies in pulse profile models. One such set of relations determines all of the multipole moments of a neutron star just from the first three (the mass monopole, the current dipole and the mass quadrupole moment) approximately independently of the equation of state. These three-hair relations were found to hold in neutron stars that rotate rigidly, as is the case in old pulsars, but neutron stars can also rotate differentially, as is the case for proto-neutron stars and hypermassive transient remnants of binary mergers. We here extend the three-hair relations to differentially rotating stars for the first time with a generic rotation law using two approximations: a weak-field scheme (an expansion in powers of the neutron star compactness) and a perturbative differential rotation scheme (an expansion about rigid rotation). These approximations allow us to analytically derive approximately universal relations that allow us to determine all of the multipole moments of a (perturbative) differentially rotating star in terms of only the first four moments. These new four-hair relations for differentially rotating neutron stars are found to be approximately independent of the equation of state to a higher degree than the three-hair relations for uniformly rotating stars. Our results can be instrumental in the development of four-hair relations for rapidly differentially rotating stars in full General Relativity using numerical simulations.

  8. Four-Hair Relations for Differentially Rotating Neutron Stars in the Weak-Field Limit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph Bretz; Kent Yagi; Nicolas Yunes

    2015-10-09

    The opportunity to study physics at supra-nuclear densities through X-ray observations of neutron stars has led to in-depth investigations of certain approximately universal relations that can remove degeneracies in pulse profile models. One such set of relations determines all of the multipole moments of a neutron star just from the first three (the mass monopole, the current dipole and the mass quadrupole moment) approximately independently of the equation of state. These three-hair relations were found to hold in neutron stars that rotate rigidly, as is the case in old pulsars, but neutron stars can also rotate differentially, as is the case for proto-neutron stars and hypermassive transient remnants of binary mergers. We here extend the three-hair relations to differentially rotating stars for the first time with a generic rotation law using two approximations: a weak-field scheme (an expansion in powers of the neutron star compactness) and a perturbative differential rotation scheme (an expansion about rigid rotation). These approximations allow us to analytically derive approximately universal relations that allow us to determine all of the multipole moments of a (perturbative) differentially rotating star in terms of only the first four moments. These new four-hair relations for differentially rotating neutron stars are found to be approximately independent of the equation of state to a higher degree than the three-hair relations for uniformly rotating stars. Our results can be instrumental in the development of four-hair relations for rapidly differentially rotating stars in full General Relativity using numerical simulations.

  9. Construction and physical properties of Kerr black holes with scalar hair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlos Herdeiro; Eugen Radu

    2015-05-04

    Kerr black holes with scalar hair are solutions of the Einstein-Klein-Gordon field equations describing regular (on and outside an event horizon), asymptotically flat black holes with scalar hair (arXiv:1403.2757). These black holes interpolate continuously between the Kerr solution and rotating boson stars in D=4 spacetime dimensions. Here we provide details on their construction, discussing properties of the ansatz, the field equations, the boundary conditions and the numerical strategy. Then, we present an overview of the parameter space of the solutions, and describe in detail the space-time structure of the black holes exterior geometry and of the scalar field for a sample of reference solutions. Phenomenological properties of potential astrophysical interest are also discussed, and the stability properties and possible generalizations are commented on. As supplementary material to this paper we make available numerical data files for the sample of reference solutions discussed, for public use.

  10. CARRIE web service: automated transcriptional regulatory network inference and interactive analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weng, Zhiping

    CARRIE web service: automated transcriptional regulatory network inference and interactive analysis; Accepted March 26, 2004 ABSTRACT We present an intuitive and interactive web service for CARRIE in the cellular response. The CARRIE web service is freely available at http://zlab.bu.edu/ CARRIE-web

  11. Optimal Carry Save Networks Michael S. Paterson \\Lambda Nicholas Pippenger y Uri Zwick z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zwick, Uri

    Optimal Carry Save Networks Michael S. Paterson \\Lambda Nicholas Pippenger y Uri Zwick z Abstract smallest networks (with respect to formula size) for the carry save addition of n numbers using any given basic carry save adder as a building block. Using these optimal carry save addition networks

  12. Blood and hair lead in children with different extents of iron deficiency in Karachi

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ataur Rahman, Muhammad; Rahman, Bushra [Karachi Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270 (Pakistan)] [Karachi Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270 (Pakistan); Saeed Ahmad, Muhammad [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom)] [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom); Blann, Andrew [Department of Medicine, City Hospital, Birmingham B18 7QH, United Kingdom. (United Kingdom)] [Department of Medicine, City Hospital, Birmingham B18 7QH, United Kingdom. (United Kingdom); Ahmed, Nessar, E-mail: N.Ahmed@mmu.ac.uk [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom)] [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom)

    2012-10-15

    Childhood iron deficiency has a high incidence in Pakistan. Some but not all studies have shown that dietary iron deficiency may cause increased absorption of lead as both compete for the same transporters in the small intestine. Therefore, children in Pakistan, residing in heavily polluted cities like Karachi may be prone to lead poisoning. This hypothesis was tested by investigating blood and hair lead concentrations in children from Karachi who were divided into four groups of iron status; normal, borderline iron deficiency, iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia. A prospective observational study was conducted where 269 children were categorized into four groups of iron status using the World Health Organization criteria and one based on soluble transferrin receptor measurements. Blood iron status was determined using a full blood count, serum iron, ferritin, transferrin saturation and soluble transferrin receptor measurements. Blood lead was determined by graphite atomic absorption spectroscopy, whereas hair lead was assessed using an inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy technique. Blood lead concentrations were significantly higher in children with iron deficiency anaemia (mean [95% confidence intervals] were 24.9 [22.6-27.2] {mu}g/dL) compared to those with normal iron status (19.1 [16.8-21.4] {mu}g/dL) using WHO criteria. In contrast, hair lead content was not significantly different in children of different iron status. Our findings reinforce the importance of not only reducing environmental lead pollution but also the development of national health strategies to reduce childhood iron deficiency in Pakistan.

  13. Black Holes with Scalar Hairs in Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Brihaye; L. Ducobu

    2015-11-21

    The Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity in five dimensions is extended by scalar fields and the corresponding equations are reduced to a system of non-linear differential equations. A large family of regular solutions of these equations is shown to exist. Generically, these solutions are spinning black holes with scalar hairs. They can be characterized (but not uniquely) by an horizon and an angular velocity on this horizon. Taking particular limits the black holes approach boson star or become extremal, in any case the limiting configurations remain hairy.

  14. Black Holes with Scalar Hairs in Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brihaye, Y

    2015-01-01

    The Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity in five dimensions is extended by scalar fields and the corresponding equations are reduced to a system of non-linear differential equations. A large family of regular solutions of these equations is shown to exist. Generically, these solutions are spinning black holes with scalar hairs. They can be characterized (but not uniquely) by an horizon and an angular velocity on this horizon. Taking particular limits the black holes approach boson star or become extremal, in any case the limiting configurations remain hairy.

  15. and Providers With our vast network,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mease, Kenneth D.

    . In addition, we offer a number of quick and easy ways to locate participating providers. You can search for a provider by visiting our website, anthem.com/ca, or you can call Customer Service at the toll-free number health care. SC9722 Rev. 2/11 Anthem Blue Cross is the trade name of Blue Cross of California

  16. R&D carries cerium substitute for rare-earth magnets story |...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    R&D carries cerium substitute for rare-earth magnets story R&D Magazine carried a story about Ames Laboratory research that uses cheaper and readily available cerium to replace...

  17. Four-Hair Relations for Differentially Rotating Neutron Stars in the Weak-Field Limit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bretz, Joseph; Yunes, Nicolas

    2015-01-01

    The opportunity to study physics at supra-nuclear densities through X-ray observations of neutron stars has led to in-depth investigations of certain approximately universal relations that can remove degeneracies in pulse profile models. One such set of relations determines all of the multipole moments of a neutron star just from the first three (the mass monopole, the current dipole and the mass quadrupole moment) approximately independently of the equation of state. These three-hair relations were found to hold in neutron stars that rotate rigidly, as is the case in old pulsars, but neutron stars can also rotate differentially, as is the case for proto-neutron stars and hypermassive transient remnants of binary mergers. We here extend the three-hair relations to differentially rotating stars for the first time with a generic rotation law using two approximations: a weak-field scheme (an expansion in powers of the neutron star compactness) and a perturbative differential rotation scheme (an expansion about r...

  18. Myers-Perry black holes with scalar hair and a mass gap: unequal spins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlos Herdeiro; Jutta Kunz; Eugen Radu; Bintoro Subagyo

    2015-05-10

    We construct rotating boson stars and Myers-Perry black holes with scalar hair (MPBHsSH) as fully non-linear solutions of five dimensional Einstein gravity minimally coupled to a complex, massive scalar field. The MPBHsSH are, in general, regular on and outside the horizon, asymptotically flat, and possess angular momentum in a single rotation plane. They are supported by rotation and have no static limit. Such hairy BHs may be thought of as bound states of boson stars and singly spinning, vacuum MPBHs and inherit properties of both these building blocks. When the horizon area shrinks to zero, the solutions reduce to (in a single plane) rotating boson stars; but the extremal limit also yields a zero area horizon, as for singly spinning MPBHs. Similarly to the case of equal angular momenta, and in contrast to Kerr black holes with scalar hair, singly spinning MPBHsSH are disconnected from the vacuum black holes, due to a mass gap. We observe that for the general case, with two unequal angular momenta, the equilibrium condition for the existence of MPBHsSH is $w=m_1\\Omega_1+m_2\\Omega_2$, where $\\Omega_i$ are the horizon angular velocities in the two independent rotation planes and $w,m_i$, $i=1,2$, are the scalar field's frequency and azimuthal harmonic indices.

  19. Effect of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid and related nutrients on plasma lipids, and skin and hair coat condition in canines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hester, Shaleah Lynnae

    2004-11-15

    A study was performed to investigate the effect of diet modifications on skin and hair coat condition in canines. The study included 24 normal adult dogs fed a baseline diet (Ol'Roy[trademark]), during an acclimation period of 12 wk (Phase I). Nine...

  20. Adenoviral Mediated Gene Delivery to Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stromal Cells for Inner Ear Hair Cell Differentiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devarajan, Keerthana

    2011-07-28

    . Sensory neural hearing loss (SNHL) is the most common form, which results from degeneration of inner ear sensory hair cells and auditory neurons in the cochlea. In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in gene delivery to mesenchymal stem...

  1. The Near Naked Hairless (HrN) Mutation Disrupts Hair Formation but is not Due to a Mutation in the Hairless Coding Region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Yutao; Das, Suchita; Olszewski, Robert Edward; Culiat, Cymbeline T; Carpenter, D A; Sundberg, John P; Soteropoulos, Patricia; Liu, Xiaochen; Doktycz, Mitchel John; Michaud III, Edward J; Voy, Brynn H

    2007-01-01

    Near naked hairless (HrN) is a semi-dominant mutation that arose spontaneously and was suggested by allelism testing to be an allele of mouse Hairless (Hr). HrN mice differ from other Hr mutants in that hair loss appears as the postnatal coat begins to emerge, as opposed to failure to initiate the first postnatal hair cycle, and that the mutation displays semi-dominant inheritance. We sequenced the Hr cDNA in HrN/HrN mice and characterized the pathological and molecular phenotypes to identify the basis for hair loss in this model. HrN/HrN mice exhibit dystrophic hairs that are unable to consistently emerge from the hair follicle, while HrN/+ mice display a sparse coat of hair and a milder degree of follicular dystrophy than their homozygous littermates. DNA microarray analysis of cutaneous gene expression demonstrates that numerous genes are downregulated in HrN/HrN mice, primarily genes important for hair structure. By contrast, Hr expression is significantly increased. Sequencing the Hr coding region, intron-exon boundaries, 5'- and 3'- UTR and immediate upstream region did not reveal the underlying mutation. Therefore HrN does not appear to be an allele of Hr but may result from a mutation in a closely linked gene or from a regulatory mutation in Hr.

  2. Effective No-Hair Relations for Neutron Stars and Quark Stars: Relativistic Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent Yagi; Koutarou Kyutoku; George Pappas; Nicolas Yunes; Theocharis A. Apostolatos

    2014-09-08

    Astrophysical charge-free black holes are known to satisfy no-hair relations through which all multipole moments can be specified in terms of just their mass and spin angular momentum. We here investigate the possible existence of no-hair-like relations among multipole moments for neutron stars and quark stars that are independent of their equation of state. We calculate the multipole moments of these stars up to hexadecapole order by constructing uniformly-rotating and unmagnetized stellar solutions to the Einstein equations. For slowly-rotating stars, we construct stellar solutions to quartic order in spin in a slow-rotation expansion, while for rapidly-rotating stars, we solve the Einstein equations numerically with the LORENE and RNS codes. We find that the multipole moments extracted from these numerical solutions are consistent with each other. We confirm that the current-dipole is related to the mass-quadrupole in an approximately equation of state independent fashion, which does not break for rapidly rotating neutron stars or quark stars. We further find that the current-octupole and the mass-hexadecapole moments are related to the mass-quadrupole in an approximately equation of state independent way to $\\sim 10%$, worsening in the hexadecapole case. All of our findings are in good agreement with previous work that considered stellar solutions to leading-order in a weak-field expansion. The quartic in spin, slowly-rotating solutions found here allow us to estimate the systematic errors in the measurement of the neutron star's mass and radius with future X-ray observations, such as NICER and LOFT. We find that the effect of these quartic-in-spin terms on the quadrupole and hexadecapole moments and stellar eccentricity may dominate the error budget for very rapidly-rotating neutron stars. The new universal relations found here should help to reduce such systematic errors.

  3. Grid Integration and the Carrying Capacity of the U.S. Grid to...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    identifies emerging practices in power system planning and operation that can facilitate grid integration, and proposes a unifying concept-economic carrying capacity-that can...

  4. Habitat Use and Energetic Carrying Capacity of American Black Ducks Wintering in Western Tennessee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    ) More info on Habitat Use Manage for more energe)cally important foods, and other waterfowl, and es)mate energe)c carrying capacity, in treated

  5. Design of a quasi-passive parallel leg exoskeleton to augment load carrying for walking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valiente, Andrew (Andrew J.)

    2005-01-01

    Biomechanical experiments suggest that it may be possible to build a leg exoskeleton to reduce the metabolic cost of walking while carrying a load. A quasi-passive, leg exoskeleton is presented that is designed to assist ...

  6. Biomimetic design for an under-actuated leg exoskeleton for load-carrying augmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsh, Conor James

    2006-01-01

    Metabolic studies have shown that there is a metabolic cost associated with carrying a load (Griffin et al, 2003). Further studies have shown that by applying forward propulsive forces a person can walk with a reduced ...

  7. Sociological carrying capacity in outdoor recreation areas: a meta-analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De la Maza, Carmen Luz

    1986-01-01

    Of SCIENCE May 1986 Major Subject: Recreation and Resources Development SOCIOLOGICAL CARRYING CAPACITY IN OUTDOOR RECREATION AREAS: A META-ANALYSIS A Theaie by CARMEN LUZ DE LA MAZA Approved ae to etyle and content by: Dr. Allan S. Mille (Chairman... of Committee) Dr. Victor L. Willson (Member) I Dr. Edward H. Heath (Member) r. Thomaa M. Bonnicksen (Head of Department) May 1986 ABSTRACT Soczological Carrying Capacity zn Outdoor Recreation Areas: A Meta-analysis (May 1986) By Carman Luz de la...

  8. Axisymmetrical separator for separating particulate matter from a fluid carrying medium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Linhardt, Hans D. (Newport Beach, CA)

    1984-09-04

    A separator for separating particles carried in a fluid carrying medium is disclosed. The separator includes an elongated duct and associated openings incorporated in a solid body. The duct is axisymmetrical relative to its longitudinal axis, and includes a curved wall portion having a curved cross-section taken along the longitudinal axis. An axisymmetrical opening located downstream of the curved wall portion leads from the duct into an axisymmetrical channel which is substantially radially disposed relative to the longitudinal axis. Continuation of the duct downstream of the opening is a discharge portion which is substantially colinear with the longitudinal axis. In operation, a substantial majority of the fluid carrying medium leaves the duct radially through the opening and channel in a state substantially free of particles. A remaining small portion of the fluid carrying medium and a substantial majority of the particles are channelled into the discharge portion by centrifugal forces arising due to travel of the particles along the curved walls. For industrial scale separation of particles from a fluid carrying medium, such as for the clean-up of stack gases, an array of several hundred to several thousand of the separators is provided.

  9. Missile Captive Carry Monitoring and Helicopter Identification Using a Capacitive Microelectromechanical Systems Accelerometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hatchell, Brian K.; Mauss, Fredrick J.; Amaya, Ivan A.; Skorpik, James R.; Silvers, Kurt L.; Marotta, Steve

    2012-03-27

    Military missiles are exposed to many sources of mechanical vibration that can affect system reliability, safety, and mission effectiveness. The U. S. Army Aviation and Missile Research Development and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) has been developing missile health monitoring systems to assess and improve reliability, reduce life cycle costs, and increase system readiness. One of the most significant exposures to vibration occurs when the missile is being carried by a helicopter or other aviation platform, which is a condition known as captive carry. Recording the duration of captive carry exposure during the missile’s service life can enable the implementation of predictive maintenance and resource management programs. Since the vibration imparted by each class of helicopter varies in frequency and amplitude, tracking the vibration exposure from each helicopter separately can help quantify the severity and harmonic content of the exposure. Under the direction of AMRDEC staff, engineers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed a Captive Carry Health Monitor (CCHM) for the Hellfire II missile. The CCHM is an embedded usage monitoring device installed on the outer skin of the Hellfire II missile to record the cumulative hours the host missile has been in captive carry mode. To classify the vibration by class of helicopter, the CCHM analyzes the amplitude and frequency content of the vibration with the Goertzel algorithm to detect the presence of distinctive rotor harmonics. Cumulative usage data are accessible in theater from an external display; monthly usage histograms are accessible through an internal download connector. This paper provides an overview of the CCHM electrical and package design, describes field testing and data analysis techniques used to monitor captive carry identify and the class of helicopter, and discusses the potential application of missile health and usage data for real-time reliability analysis and fleet management.

  10. Bonding is carried out by building up Quartz Wax on the sample holder to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Tanya M.

    Bonding is carried out by building up Quartz Wax on the sample holder to support and bond the tooth that the Quartz Wax should cover as much of the sample face as possible to ensure a strong bond. Application Note Tooth Wax layer Figure 1 Sample holder Tooth Thin Section #12;B. Cutting - SIngle Selection Figure 2

  11. Towards Optimal Energy Store-Carry-and-Deliver for PHEVs via V2G System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhuang, Weihua

    technology is incorporated to facilitate the energy delivery by providing electricity pricing and energy energy flow, non- stationary energy demand, battery characteristics, and TOU elec- tricity price. WeTowards Optimal Energy Store-Carry-and-Deliver for PHEVs via V2G System Hao Liang, Bong Jun Choi

  12. Maximizing Throughput of UAV-Relaying Networks with the Load-Carry-and-Deliver Paradigm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kung, H. T.

    Maximizing Throughput of UAV-Relaying Networks with the Load-Carry-and-Deliver Paradigm Chen Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to relay messages between two distant ground nodes. For delay-tolerant applications like latency-insensitive bulk data transfer, we seek to maximize throughput by having a UAV load

  13. On the Collapse of Tubes Carried by 3D Incompressible Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Euler solution is a con- stricting vortex tube. Recall that a vortex line in a uid is an arc on an integral curve of the vorticity !(x; t) for #12;xed t, and a vortex tube is a tubular neighborhood in R 3 #12; On the Collapse of Tubes Carried by 3D Incompressible Flows 2 routinely sees that vortex tubes

  14. What traits are carried on mobile genetic elements, DJ Rankin1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rankin, Daniel

    REVIEW What traits are carried on mobile genetic elements, and why? DJ Rankin1,2 , EPC Rocha3 of Oxford, Oxford, UK Although similar to any other organism, prokaryotes can transfer genes vertically from Although in all organisms genes are transferred verti- cally from parent to offspring, many microorganisms

  15. A classical to quantum optical network link for orbital angular momentum carrying light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Zhi-Yuan; Ding, Dong-Sheng; Zhang, Wei; Shi, Shuai; Shi, Bao-Sen; Guo, Guang-Can

    2015-01-01

    Light with orbital angular momentum (OAM) has great potentials in both classical and quantum optical communications such as enhancing the transmission capacity of a single communication channel because of its unlimited dimensions. Based on OAM conservation in second order nonlinear interaction processes, we create a classical to quantum optical network link in OAM degree of freedoms of light via sum frequency generation (SFG) following by a spontaneous parametric down conversion (SPDC). A coherent OAM-carrying beams at telecom wavelength 1550nm is up-converted to 525.5nm OAM-carrying beams in the first crystal, then up-converted OAM-carrying beam is used to pump a second crystal to generate non-degenerate OAM entangled photon pairs at 795nm and 1550nm. By switching the OAM carries by the classical party, the OAM correlation in the quantum party is shifted. High OAM entanglements in two dimensional subspaces are verified. This primary study enables to build a hybrid optical communication network contains both ...

  16. MANAGING DIGITAL ASSETS Digital assets are becoming the value-carrying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krintz, Chandra

    MANAGING DIGITAL ASSETS Digital assets are becoming the value-carrying resources that underlie much the implementation of this access functionality from the technologies that are used to manage and store the assets guarantees and fault management strategies associated with the assets and the implementing tech- nologies

  17. Eos, Vol. 88, No. 14, 3 April 2007 North Korea carried out a widely reported

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eos, Vol. 88, No. 14, 3 April 2007 North Korea carried out a widely reported nuclear explosion on 9 activity in this area suspected to be indicative of North Korea preparing to conduct nuclear tests? The answer was quickly shown to be affirmative based on seismic data. Second, was it really a nuclear test

  18. A Study of Real-Time Identification and Monitoring of Barge-Carried Hazardous Commodities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Study of Real-Time Identification and Monitoring of Barge-Carried Hazardous Commodities Yangrong 37831 Abstract-- In response to increased terrorist threats related to hazardous material movements and field test a prototype system that provides more accurate, uniform, and timely data on hazardous

  19. The Great Sand Dunes Ecosystem Elk and Bison Carrying Capacity Model: Description and Scenario Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boone, Randall B.

    1 The Great Sand Dunes Ecosystem Elk and Bison Carrying Capacity Model: Description and Scenario studying the Sand Dunes ecosystem in the past decade. The information they have gathered has been.S. Geological Survey, and Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve for providing funding to support

  20. Weaving Versus Blending: a quantitative assessment of the information carrying capacities of two alternative methods for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Healey, Christopher G.

    as the number of components increases from 4 to 6. We found no significant advantages, in either color blendingWeaving Versus Blending: a quantitative assessment of the information carrying capacities of two: color blending and color weaving. We begin with a baseline experiment in which we assess participants

  1. DRAFT 5/5/2008: Estimation of Web Page Change Rates Carrie Grimes1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    DRAFT 5/5/2008: Estimation of Web Page Change Rates Carrie Grimes1 , Daniel Ford2 Google1 Google2 Abstract Search engines strive to maintain a "current" repository of all pages on the web to index for user. Introduction Search engines crawl the web to download a corpus of web pages to index for user queries. Since

  2. An approach to drug delivery using novel carbohydrates to carry drugs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Ben G.

    An approach to drug delivery using novel carbohydrates to carry drugs has recently been described of the cancer drug doxorubicin targeted to hepatocytes in a mouse liver tumour model. Known as the LEAPT step involves administering the rhamnose-capped pro-drug; the drug is activated in the target cell once

  3. Graphene-on-Diamond Devices with Increased Current-Carrying Capacity: Carbon sp2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graphene-on-Diamond Devices with Increased Current-Carrying Capacity: Carbon sp2 -on-sp3 Technology Laboratory, Illinois 60439, United States *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: Graphene demonstrated potential for practical applications owing to its excellent electronic and thermal properties. Typical graphene field

  4. VEGF induces proliferation of human hair follicle dermal papilla cells through VEGFR-2-mediated activation of ERK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Wei; Man, Xiao-Yong [Department of Dermatology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310009 (China)] [Department of Dermatology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310009 (China); Li, Chun-Ming [Department of Dermatology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Nanchang University School of Medicine, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330000 (China)] [Department of Dermatology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Nanchang University School of Medicine, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330000 (China); Chen, Jia-Qi; Zhou, Jiong; Cai, Sui-Qing; Lu, Zhong-Fa [Department of Dermatology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310009 (China)] [Department of Dermatology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310009 (China); Zheng, Min, E-mail: minz@zju.edu.cn [Department of Dermatology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310009 (China)] [Department of Dermatology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310009 (China)

    2012-08-15

    Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is one of the strongest regulators of physiological and pathological angiogenesis. VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR-2), the primary receptor for VEGF, is thought to mediate major functional effects of VEGF. Previously, we have localized both VEGF and VEGFR-2 in human hair follicles. In this study, we further defined the expression and roles of VEGFR-2 on human hair follicle dermal papilla (DP) cells. The expression of VEGFR-2 on DP cells was examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot analysis separately, and localization of VEGFR-2 was defined by immunofluorescence. The effect of VEGF on DP cells was analyzed by MTT assays and specific inhibitors. Finally, the role of VEGF involved in the signaling pathways was investigated by Western blot. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis demonstrated the expression of VEGFR-2 on DP cells. Immunostaining for VEGFR-2 showed strong signal on cultured human DP cells in vitro. Exogenous VEGF{sub 165} stimulated proliferation of DP cells in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, this stimulation was blocked by a VEGFR-2 neutralizing antibody (MAB3571) and an ERK inhibitor (PD98059). VEGF{sub 165}-induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 was abolished by MAB3571 and PD98059, while the phosphorylation of p38, JNK and AKT were not changed by VEGF{sub 165}. Taken together, VEGFR-2 is expressed on primary human hair follicle DP cells and VEGF induces proliferation of DP cells through VEGFR-2/ERK pathway, but not p38, JNK or AKT signaling. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We examine the expression of VEGFR-2 on cultured human dermal papilla (DP) cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer VEGF{sub 165} stimulated proliferation of human DP cells in a dose-dependent manner. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This stimulation was through VEGFR-2-mediated activation of ERK.

  5. Simulation of filamentation instability of a current-carrying plasma by particle in cell method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niknam, A. R.; Mostafavi, P. S.; Komaizi, D.; Salahshoor, M. [Laser-Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G. C., Tehran 19839-63113 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2012-08-15

    The nonlinear dynamics of filamentation instability in a weakly ionized current-carrying plasma in the diffusion frequency region is studied using particle in cell simulation. The effects of electron thermal motion and ion-neutral collision on the evolution of this instability in the nonlinear stage of the filaments coalescence are discussed. It is found that the coalescence of the current filaments is enhanced by increasing the temperature and is delayed by increasing the collision frequency.

  6. Nonlinear Landau damping of a whistler in a current-carrying plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tewari, D.P.; Sharma, A.K.

    1983-07-01

    A high-amplitude whistler wave propagating through a current-carrying plasma decays into a low-frequency resistive quasimode and frequency-upshifted scattered whistler. In this process of nonlinear Landau damping a pump-wave photon absorbs a quantum of energy from the drifting electrons to generate an upshifted whistler photon. Upconversion occurs only when the drift velocity of electrons exceeds the phase velocity of the quasimode (..omega..

  7. Formation of current filaments and magnetic field generation in a quantum current-carrying plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niknam, A. R.; Taghadosi, M. R.; Majedi, S.; Khorashadizadeh, S. M.

    2013-09-15

    The nonlinear dynamics of filamentation instability and magnetic field in a current-carrying plasma is investigated in the presence of quantum effects using the quantum hydrodynamic model. A new nonlinear partial differential equation is obtained for the spatiotemporal evolution of the magnetic field in the diffusion regime. This equation is solved by applying the Adomian decomposition method, and then the profiles of magnetic field and electron density are plotted. It is shown that the saturation time of filamentation instability increases and, consequently, the instability growth rate and the magnetic field amplitude decrease in the presence of quantum effects.

  8. FACEBOOK TWITTER GOOGLE+ LINKEDIN 4 George Perrot was tied to a rape by an FBI analysis of a strand of hair, a method that has since been discredited.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    E- MAIL FACEBOOK TWITTER GOOGLE+ LINKEDIN 4 George Perrot was tied to a rape by an FBI analysis Springfield rape By Peter Schworm GLOBE STAFF SEPTEMBER 11, 2015 Abraham: Imprisoned by flawed science George Perrot has spent 29 years in prison for a rape he says he did not commit. Now, a single hair stands

  9. Suppression of vertical instability in elongated current-carrying plasmas by applying stellarator rotational transform

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ArchMiller, M. C.; Cianciosa, M. R.; Ennis, D. A.; Hanson, J. D.; Hartwell, G. J.; Hebert, J. D.; Herfindal, J. L.; Knowlton, S. F.; Ma, X.; Maurer, D. A.; Pandya, M. D.; Traverso, P. [Physics Department, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849 (United States)

    2014-05-15

    The passive stability of vertically elongated current-carrying toroidal plasmas has been investigated in the Compact Toroidal Hybrid, a stellarator/tokamak hybrid device. In this experiment, the fractional transform f, defined as the ratio of the imposed external rotational transform from stellarator coils to the total rotational transform, was varied from 0.04 to 0.50, and the elongation ? was varied from 1.4 to 2.2. Plasmas that were vertically unstable were evidenced by motion of the plasma in the vertical direction. Vertical drifts are measured with a set of poloidal field pickup coils. A three chord horizontally viewing interferometer and a soft X-ray diode array confirmed the drifts. Plasmas with low fractional transform and high elongation are the most susceptible to vertical instability, consistent with analytic predictions that the vertical mode in elongated plasmas can be stabilized by the poloidal field of a relatively weak stellarator equilibrium.

  10. Spatial and temporal evolution of filamentation instability in a current-carrying plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohammadhosseini, B. [Laser-Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G. C., Evin, Tehran 19839-63113 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Physics, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin 34149-16818 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Niknam, A. R. [Laser-Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G. C., Evin, Tehran 19839-63113 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Shokri, B. [Laser-Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G. C., Evin, Tehran 19839-63113 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Physics, Shahid Beheshti University, G. C., Evin, Tehran 19839-63113 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    The spatial and temporal evolution of the electric and magnetic fields in a current-carrying plasma is investigated in the nonlinear regime. Using the magnetohydrodynamic equations, a nonlinear diffusion equation for the magnetic field in the plasma is obtained. This nonlinear equation is numerically solved and the spatiotemporal evolution of the electric and magnetic fields and the electron density distribution are plotted. It is shown that as the time passes, the profile of the electric and magnetic fields changes from a sinusoidal shape to a saw-tooth one and the electron density distribution becomes very steepened. Also, the mechanism of the filament formation is then discussed. Furthermore, the effects of the thermal motion, collisions, and ion mass on growth rate of filaments as well as the saturation time are argued. Finally, it is found that the energy dissipation is associated with the aforementioned effects and strong plasma density gradient.

  11. Research at ITER towards DEMO: Specific reactor diagnostic studies to be carried out on ITER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krasilnikov, A. V.; Kaschuck, Y. A.; Vershkov, V. A.; Petrov, A. A.; Petrov, V. G.; Tugarinov, S. N. [Institution Project center ITER, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2014-08-21

    In ITER diagnostics will operate in the very hard radiation environment of fusion reactor. Extensive technology studies are carried out during development of the ITER diagnostics and procedures of their calibration and remote handling. Results of these studies and practical application of the developed diagnostics on ITER will provide the direct input to DEMO diagnostic development. The list of DEMO measurement requirements and diagnostics will be determined during ITER experiments on the bases of ITER plasma physics results and success of particular diagnostic application in reactor-like ITER plasma. Majority of ITER diagnostic already passed the conceptual design phase and represent the state of the art in fusion plasma diagnostic development. The number of related to DEMO results of ITER diagnostic studies such as design and prototype manufacture of: neutron and ?–ray diagnostics, neutral particle analyzers, optical spectroscopy including first mirror protection and cleaning technics, reflectometry, refractometry, tritium retention measurements etc. are discussed.

  12. Growing consumption of petroleum products worldwide has resulted in the proliferation of vessels carrying oil, chemicals, and gases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neimark, Alexander V.

    Growing consumption of petroleum products worldwide has resulted in the proliferation of vessels carrying oil, chemicals, and gases into our harbors. Meeting our society's surging demand for commodities

  13. Remarks on D_p and D_{p-2} with each carrying a flux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. X. Lu; Shan-Shan Xu

    2009-09-04

    We explore various properties of interaction between D$_p$ and D$_{p'}$ with each carrying a worldvolume flux and with the $p'$-branes placed along $p'$ spatial worldvolume directions of the p-branes at a separation when $p - p' = 2$. Carefully analyzing the annulus amplitudes calculated via the boundary state approach, we find that many features of amplitudes remain similar to those studied when $p = p'$ such as the nature of force on the brane separation, the onset of various instabilities when the brane-separation is on the order of string scale and the occurrence of pair production of open strings when there is a relevant electric flux present. In addition, we have also found many new features of interaction which don't appear in the absence of fluxes or when $p = p'$ in the presence of fluxes, for examples, the nature of interaction can be repulsive and there is no onset of tachyonic instability under certain conditions. Even in the absence of a magnetic flux, we can have an exponential enhancement of the rate of pair production of open strings in certain cases, which may be significant enough to give observational consequences.

  14. (ANTI)PETER Principle - Discrete (INVERSE) Logistic Equation with Imprecisely Estimated and Stimulated Carrying Capacity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Pankovic; M. Krmar; R. Glavatovic

    2009-07-30

    In this work we consider the Peter principle and anti-Peter principle as the discrete logistic and discrete inverse logistic equation. Especially we discuss imprecisely estimated (by hierarchical control mechanism) carrying capacity, i.e. boundary (in)competence level of a hierarchy member. It implies that Peter principle holds two sub-principles. In the first one objective boundary competence level is increased for estimation error. In the second one objective boundary competence level is decreased for estimation error. Similarly, anti-Peter principle holds two sub-principles too. All this implies that paradoxical situations that follow from Peter and anti-Peter principle can be simply removed by decrease of the error of hierarchical (social) control. Also we discuss cases by Peter principle when error of the boundary competence level by estimation grows up. (Then, in fact, there is no estimation error but stimulation of the boundary level by control mechanism.) By first Peter sub-principle it implies anarchy in the social structure or, correspondingly, cancer in the biology and medicine, schizophrenia in the psychology and inflation in the economy. By second Peter sub-principle it implies a totalitary social structure (dictature or caste regime) or multiplex sclerosis and other autoimmune diseases in biology and medicine, servile mentality or low value complex in psychology and depression by hyperactive political influences in economy. Finally, monotonus changes of the stimulated part of boundary level cause corresponding phase transitions discussed on the example of the introspection in the psychology.

  15. Energy-Momentum and Angular Momentum Carried by Gravitational Waves in Extended New General Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisaku Sakane; Toshiharu Kawai

    2002-09-30

    In an extended, new form of general relativity, which is a teleparallel theory of gravity, we examine the energy-momentum and angular momentum carried by gravitational wave radiated from Newtonian point masses in a weak-field approximation. The resulting wave form is identical to the corresponding wave form in general relativity, which is consistent with previous results in teleparallel theory. The expression for the dynamical energy-momentum density is identical to that for the canonical energy-momentum density in general relativity up to leading order terms on the boundary of a large sphere including the gravitational source, and the loss of dynamical energy-momentum, which is the generator of \\emph{internal} translations, is the same as that of the canonical energy-momentum in general relativity. Under certain asymptotic conditions for a non-dynamical Higgs-type field $\\psi^{k}$, the loss of ``spin'' angular momentum, which is the generator of \\emph{internal} $SL(2,C)$ transformations, is the same as that of angular momentum in general relativity, and the losses of canonical energy-momentum and orbital angular momentum, which constitute the generator of Poincar\\'{e} \\emph{coordinate} transformations, are vanishing. The results indicate that our definitions of the dynamical energy-momentum and angular momentum densities in this extended new general relativity work well for gravitational wave radiations, and the extended new general relativity accounts for the Hulse-Taylor measurement of the pulsar PSR1913+16.

  16. THE FORMATION OF A MAGNETIC CHANNEL BY THE EMERGENCE OF CURRENT-CARRYING MAGNETIC FIELDS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lim, Eun-Kyung; Chae, Jongchul; Jing Ju; Wang Haimin; Wiegelmann, Thomas E-mail: jcchae@snu.ac.k

    2010-08-10

    A magnetic channel-a series of polarity reversals separating elongated flux threads with opposite polarities-may be a manifestation of a highly non-potential magnetic configuration in active regions. To understand its formation, we have carried out a detailed analysis of the magnetic channel in AR 10930 using data taken by the Solar Optical Telescope/Hinode. As a result, we found upflows (-0.5 to -1.0 km s{sup -1}) and downflows (+1.5 to +2.0 km s{sup -1}) inside and at both tips of the thread, respectively, and a pair of strong vertical currents of opposite polarity along the channel. Moreover, our analysis of the nonlinear force-free fields constructed from the photospheric magnetic field indicates that the current density in the lower corona may have gradually increased as a result of the continuous emergence of the highly sheared flux along the channel. With these results, we suggest that the magnetic channel originates from the emergence of the twisted flux tube that has formed below the surface before the emergence.

  17. Experimental Characterization of the Effect of Charring on the Residual Load Carrying Capacity of a Structural Fibre Reinforced Composite 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, David J; Torero, Jose L

    2004-01-01

    An experimental study conducted to investigate the residual load carrying capacity of a commonly used structural composite plastic, isophthalic polyester, reinforced with S-glass fibreglass when exposed to heat-fluxes ...

  18. Impact of undesirable plant communities on the carrying capacity and livestock performance in pastoral systems of south-western Uganda 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byenkya, Gilbert Steven

    2004-09-30

    The impact of undesirable plant communities (Cymbopogon afronardus and woody species dominated by Acacia species) on livestock carrying capacity and performance was investigated on 15 farms in an Acacia/Cymbopogon dominated pastoral system of south...

  19. The world's offshore continental margins contain vast reserves of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    - ural gas that is embedded in cold, near-seafloorstrata.Published esti- mates suggest that the energy rep- resented by gas hydrate may exceed the energy available from conventional fossil fuel by a fac energy planning. Groups in several nations are attemptingtoevaluatetheresource and to define seafloor

  20. Energy Department Expands Research into Methane Hydrates, a Vast...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    American economic competiveness and energy security. "The recent boom in natural gas production - in part due to long-term Energy Department investments beginning in the 70's and...

  1. Energy Department Expands Research into Methane Hydrates, a Vast, Untapped

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n cEnergyNatural Gas | Department of Energy WASHINGTON -

  2. Functionalized polyaniline-based composite membranes with vastly improved

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you not find whatGasEnergyfeatureCleanperformance for separation of

  3. First Google.Org-Funded Geothermal Mapping Report Confirms Vast

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order14,EnergyFinancing andforExponential

  4. First Google.Org-Funded Geothermal Mapping Report Confirms Vast

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice ofofWindUpcoming events SeptemberNot Available

  5. DOE Accord Seeks Accelerated Development of Alaska's Vast Unconventional

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electric vehicle10 DOE ASSESSMENT SEAB Recommendations Related toEnergy

  6. A Quantitative Test of the No-Hair Theorem with Sgr A* using stars, pulsars, and the Event Horizon Telescope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Psaltis, Dimitrios; Kramer, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The black hole in the center of the Milky Way, Sgr A*, has the largest mass-to-distance ratio among all known black holes in the Universe. This property makes Sgr A* the optimal target for testing the gravitational no-hair theorem. In the near future, major developments in instrumentation will provide the tools for high-precision studies of its spacetime via observations of relativistic effects in stellar orbits, in the timing of pulsars, and in horizon-scale images of its accretion flow. We explore here the prospect of measuring the properties of the black-hole spacetime using all these three types of observations. We show that the correlated uncertainties in the measurements of the black-hole spin and quadrupole moment using the orbits of stars and pulsars are nearly orthogonal to those obtained from measuring the shape and size of the shadow the black hole casts on the surrounding emission. Combining these three types of observations will, therefore, allow us to assess and quantify systematic biases and un...

  7. Abstract--Carrying heavy payloads is a challenging task for the modular robot, because its composing modules are relatively

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Wei-Min

    . For example, for industrial application, robots with payloads can be used for palletizing, assembling parts and weak in motor torque. When carrying payloads, it is not the total strength from all the modules are not specifically designed for the task of payload transportation. It is challenging to design an energy effect gait

  8. SIMULATION OF HENs This chapter describes how dynamic simulations of HENs can be carried out. The type and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    be carried out. The type and complexity of the model of each heat exchanger significantly affect the efforts required for HEN simulation, and focus is on the development of a general heat exchanger model countercurrent heat exchangers are briefly described, and the chapter closes by explaining how dynamic simulation

  9. Food supplementation leads to increases in large mammal diversity and abundance, but no carry over effect in small mammals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blouin-Demers, Gabriel

    Food supplementation leads to increases in large mammal diversity and abundance, but no carry over: The feeding of wild birds is common in many countries. Apart from impacting birds, food supplementation of food supplementation on small mammal abundance and diversity, and the effects of direct food

  10. CM165A-01 ACM-TRANSACTION September 15, 2003 16:34 Efficient Multiply-with-Carry Random Number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goresky, Mark

    P1: GDP CM165A-01 ACM-TRANSACTION September 15, 2003 16:34 Efficient Multiply-with-Carry Random. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than ACM must be honored. Abstracting with credit be requested from Publications Dept., ACM, Inc., 1515 Broadway, New York, NY 10036 USA, fax: +1 (212) 869

  11. Proof-carrying data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiesa, Alessandro

    2010-01-01

    The security of systems can often be expressed as ensuring that some property is maintained at every step of a distributed computation conducted by untrusted parties. Special cases include integrity of programs running on ...

  12. Using Custom CarryMap Apps with Android Mobile Devices Part of the Small Entity Compliance Guide for Fishery Restriction Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Using Custom CarryMap Apps with Android Mobile Devices Part of the Small Entity Compliance Guide adapted from http://www.dataeast.com/en/pdf/CarryMap%20Observer%20functionality_Android_en.pdf The fishery

  13. Grid Integration and the Carrying Capacity of the U.S. Grid to Incorporate Variable Renewable Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, Jaquelin; Denholm, Paul; Speer, Bethany; Miller, Mackay

    2015-04-23

    In the United States and elsewhere, renewable energy (RE) generation supplies an increasingly large percentage of annual demand, including nine U.S. states where wind comprised over 10% of in-state generation in 2013. This white paper summarizes the challenges to integrating increasing amounts of variable RE, identifies emerging practices in power system planning and operation that can facilitate grid integration, and proposes a unifying concept—economic carrying capacity—that can provide a framework for evaluating actions to accommodate higher penetrations of RE. There is growing recognition that while technical challenges to variable RE integration are real, they can generally be addressed via a variety of solutions that vary in implementation cost. As a result, limits to RE penetration are primarily economic, driven by factors that include transmission and the flexibility of the power grid to balance supply and demand. This limit can be expressed as economic carrying capacity, or the point at which variable RE is no longer economically competitive or desirable to the system or society.

  14. Life Cycle Analysis for the Walter H. Gage Residence The life cycle analysis (LCA) being carried out for this project is one of thirteen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The life cycle analysis (LCA) being carried out for this project is one of thirteen others that are being to the many uncertainties associated with carrying out LCA. Uncertainties and assumptions inherent this project is that the use of LCA on will most definitely be an important tool to be used for the future

  15. Math 226 Machine Problem 3: Due Wed., Jan. 28, 2015 1) Write a function "jacobi" to carry out the Jacobi method for solving a linear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schumaker, Larry

    the Jacobi method for solving a linear system Ax = b. a) The input should be n, A, and b. The output shouldMath 226 Machine Problem 3: Due Wed., Jan. 28, 2015 1) Write a function "jacobi" to carry out) for each step. 2) Write a similar function "gausseidel" to carry out the Gauss-Seidel method. 3) Write

  16. Preserving the ethos of industry at the Carrie furnaces: the redevelopment of an industrial heritage site and the interpretation of manufacturing culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menozzi, Sunny

    2015-01-01

    This thesis proposes design principles and a program for site of the Carrie Blast Furnace Plant, a National Historic Landmark in Pittsburgh's Monongahela Valley. The Redevelopment Authority of Allegheny County intends to ...

  17. Testing Gravity with Pulsars in the SKA Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lijing Shao; Ingrid H. Stairs; John Antoniadis; Adam T. Deller; Paulo C. C. Freire; Jason W. T. Hessels; Gemma H. Janssen; Michael Kramer; Jutta Kunz; Claus Lämmerzahl; Volker Perlick; Andrea Possenti; Scott Ransom; Benjamin W. Stappers; Willem van Straten

    2014-12-31

    The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) will use pulsars to enable precise measurements of strong gravity effects in pulsar systems, which yield tests of gravitational theories that cannot be carried out anywhere else. The Galactic census of pulsars will discover dozens of relativistic pulsar systems, possibly including pulsar -- black hole binaries which can be used to test the "cosmic censorship conjecture" and the "no-hair theorem". Also, the SKA's remarkable sensitivity will vastly improve the timing precision of millisecond pulsars, allowing probes of potential deviations from general relativity (GR). Aspects of gravitation to be explored include tests of strong equivalence principles, gravitational dipole radiation, extra field components of gravitation, gravitomagnetism, and spacetime symmetries.

  18. Evaluation of Carrying Capacity : Measure 7.1A of the Northwest Power Planning Council`s 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program : Report 1 of 4, Final Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neitzel, Duane A.; Johnson, Gary E.

    1996-05-01

    This report is one of four that the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) staff prepared to address Measure 7.1A in the Northwest Power Planning Council's (Council) Fish and Wildlife Program (Program) dated december 1994 (NPPC 1994). Measure 7.1A calls for the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) to fund an evaluation of salmon survival, ecology, carrying capacity, and limiting factors in freshwater, estuarine, and marine habitats. Additionally, the Measure asks for development of a study plan based on critical uncertainties and research needs identified during the evaluation. This report deals with the evaluation of carrying capacity. It describes the analysis of different views of capacity as it relates to salmon survival and abundance. The report ends with conclusions and recommendations for studying carrying capacity.

  19. Figure 5. The LAT and the GLAST spacecraft. GLAST will also carry a gamma-ray burst monitor, the GBM instrument. For more information about GLAST, see

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strong, Andrew W.

    Figure 5. The LAT and the GLAST spacecraft. GLAST will also carry a gamma-ray burst monitor-energy gamma-ray astronomy, owing to the poor angular resolutions of the detectors and the limited statistics of the diffuse interstellar gamma-ray intensity. The LAT collaboration will develop a model of th e interstellar

  20. UoA 27 Chemical Engineering: Overview The Panel carried out its assessment work in line with its published Criteria and Working Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abrahams, I. David

    UoA 27 Chemical Engineering: Overview The Panel carried out its assessment work in line with its that some chemical engineering research activity had been submitted to Unit of Assessment 26, General Engineering. The General Engineering Panel had sought cross-referral advice from the Chemical Engineering

  1. ON-ROAD EVALUATION OF A REMOTE SENSOR: All on-road remote sensors or which we are aware carry out at least a measurement of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    to what would be measured were one to directly probe a tailpipe. The units however do not matter at least a measurement of the CO/CO2 ratio in the exhaust of a passing vehicle. It is possible for an interested party to carry out a quantitative evaluation of the precision of this measurement. This evaluation

  2. J-1 Exchange Visitors: Required Health Insurance Information As a J-1 Exchange Visitor, you are required by U.S. regulations to carry health insurance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    are required by U.S. regulations to carry health insurance while you (and any accompanying family members for the company 2. The duration of your insurance coverage, and 3. The benefits it provides meet the above minimum State Department guidelines Insurance Company List: UGA cannot recommend one company over another

  3. A case report of motor neuron disease in a patient showing significant level of DDTs, HCHs and organophosphate metabolites in hair as well as levels of hexane and toluene in blood

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kanavouras, Konstantinos; Tzatzarakis, Manolis N.; Mastorodemos, Vasileios; Plaitakis, Andreas; Tsatsakis, Aristidis M.

    2011-11-15

    Motor neuron disease is a devastating neurodegenerative condition, with the majority of sporadic, non-familial cases being of unknown etiology. Several epidemiological studies have suggested that occupational exposure to chemicals may be associated with disease pathogenesis. We report the case of a patient developing progressive motor neuron disease, who was chronically exposed to pesticides and organic solvents. The patient presented with leg spasticity and developed gradually clinical signs suggestive of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, which was supported by the neurophysiologic and radiological findings. Our report is an evidence based case of combined exposure to organochlorine (DDTs), organophosphate pesticides (OPs) and organic solvents as confirmed by laboratory analysis in samples of blood and hair confirming systematic exposure. The concentration of non-specific dialkylphosphates metabolites (DAPs) of OPs in hair (dimethyphopshate (DMP) 1289.4 pg/mg and diethylphosphate (DEP) 709.4 pg/mg) and of DDTs (opDDE 484.0 pg/mg, ppDDE 526.6 pg/mg, opDDD 448.4 pg/mg, ppDDD + opDDT 259.9 pg/mg and ppDDT 573.7 pg/mg) were considerably significant. Toluene and n-hexane were also detected in blood on admission at hospital and quantified (1.23 and 0.87 {mu}g/l, respectively), while 3 months after hospitalization blood testing was found negative for toluene and n-hexane and hair analysis was provided decrease levels of HCHs, DDTs and DAPs. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Exposure to pesticides and organic solvents might be a risk factor for sporadic MND. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We report a patient who developed progressive upper and lower motor neuron disease. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The patient had a history of occupational exposure to pesticides and solvents. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer High DDTs' levels and increased levels of DMP and DEP were measured in his hair. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The patients' exposure to chemicals might have played a role in MND development.

  4. Heat Transfer -2 A long copper wire is used to carry an electric current and has an electrical resistance of 0.4 ohm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    Heat Transfer - 2 A long copper wire is used to carry an electric current and has an electrical and the insulation reaching 90 0 C. You may neglect heat transfer to the air during this process, but justify conductivity k = 300 W/m-0 C Density = 8900 kg/m3 Specific heat capacity Cp = 380 J/kg-0 C a) (10 pts) Draw

  5. VAST: A Human-Centered, Domain-Independent Video Analysis Support Tool 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nordt, Marlo Faye

    2011-08-08

    Providing computer-aided support for human analysis of videos has been a battle of extremes. Powerful solutions exist, but they tend to be domain-specific and complex. The user-friendly, simple systems provide little ...

  6. Sensor-Aided Overlay Deployment and Relocation for Vast-Scale Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiao, Daji

    a wireless sensor network is to monitor a target field and, upon occurrence of events of interest, to deliver are deployed to monitor a huge target area. Moreover, due to the funneling effect, it becomes more difficult

  7. Ethnobotanical Knowledge Is Vastly Under-Documented in Northwestern South America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schierup, Mikkel Heide

    . We suggest that the use of standardized data-collecting protocols in wide-ranging ethnobotanical.pone.0085794 Editor: John P. Hart, New York State Museum, United States of America Received July 26, 2013

  8. The 12th International Symposium on Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage VAST (2011), pp. 14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colombo, Carlo

    2011-01-01

    ) THESAURUS: Techniques for Underwater Exploration and Archeology through Swarms of Autonomous Vehicles B 5EDGELAB S.R.L., Portoferraio, Italy Abstract The THESAURUS project (2011-2013) is financed government) 166/2007. The overall goal of THESAURUS project is to develop multidisciplinary methodologies

  9. Africa Becoming a Biofuel Battleground Western companies are pushing to acquire vast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , a bit of fishing and the production of charcoal. There isn't much else in Mtamba. That could change," an energy plant with a high oil content, which it hopes to plant on Kisarawe's farmland. The Tanzanian the Netherlands, the United States, Sweden, Japan, Canada and Germany have already sent their scouts to Tanzania

  10. Supernovae of the Same Brightness, Cut From Vastly Different Cosmic Cloth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production 1: Totalof EnergyWind

  11. "Airborne Wind Energy - Harnessing a Vast, Untapped Renewable Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopmentatabout Who WorksName StartingUpdated:

  12. Vast Energy Resource in Residual Oil Zones, FE Study Says | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment| Department of Energy OfficeResourcesmap| DepartmentEnergy

  13. Proceedings from a Workshop on Ecological Carrying Capacity of Salmonids in the Columbia River Basin : Measure 7.1A of the Northwest Power Planning Council`s 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program : Report 3 of 4, Final Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Gary E.; Neitzel, D.A.; Mavros, William V.

    1996-05-01

    This report contains the proceedings of a workshop held during 1995 in Portland, Oregon. The objective of the workshop was to assemble a group of experts that could help us define carrying capacity for Columbia River Basin salmonids. The workshop was one activity designed to answer the questions asked in Measure 7.1A of the Council`s Fish and Wildlife Program. Based, in part, on the information we learned during the workshop we concluded that the approach inherent in 7.1A will not increase understanding of ecology, carrying capacity, or limiting factors that influence salmon under current conditions. Measure 7.1A requires a definition of carrying capacity and a list of determinants (limiting factors) of capacity. The implication or inference then follows that by asking what we know and do not know about the determinants will lead to research that increases our understanding of what is limiting salmon survival. It is then assumed that research results will point to management actions that can remove or repair the limiting factors. Most ecologists and fisheries scientists that have studied carrying capacity clearly conclude that this approach is an oversimplification of complex ecological processes. To pursue the capacity parameter, that is, a single number or set of numbers that quantify how many salmon the basin or any part of the basin can support, is meaningless by itself and will not provide useful information.

  14. We the undersigned faculty members of the Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering believe that, except for those carried by law enforcement personnel, guns should not be allowed in any building at the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John, Lizy Kurian

    Engineering believe that, except for those carried by law enforcement personnel, guns should not be allowed of the public." We believe that allowing guns in our classrooms, laboratories, and offices would be inconsistent with this canon. Further, we believe that allowing guns in campus buildings is contrary to the directive

  15. Schema Repository for Database Schema Evolution1 This work is carried out as part of IM2 ( Interactive Multimodal Information Management) (http://www.im2.ch), Swiss National Competence Centre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pottinger, Rachel

    Schema Repository for Database Schema Evolution1 1 This work is carried out as part of IM2 of database schemas. The repository is part of a multidisciplinary approach for schema evolution called the predictive approach for database evolution. The schema repository has a dual role in the approach: (1) during

  16. recently carried out an analysis of the results of cross-weld creep tests that have been reported in the literature using neural networks in a Bayesian framework [9]. This

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    #12;recently carried out an analysis of the results of cross-weld creep tests that have been-weld creep testing is then described. Finally, the preliminary results of the creep testing are presented that the weld preheat temperature has a significant effect on creep life, while the weld heat input

  17. Reduced Certificates for Abstraction-Carrying Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hermenegildo, Manuel

    of Asturias Chair in Information Science and Technology at UNM. #12;than generating the original certificate

  18. Women @ Energy: Carrie Milton | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S.Lacledeutilities.Energy Thefull swing,AlicePhillips is a staff

  19. Bubbling the Newly Grown Black Ring Hair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasilakis, Orestis

    2012-01-01

    New families of BPS black ring solutions with four electric and four dipole magnetic charges have recently been explicitly constructed and uplifted to M-theory. These solutions were found to belong to a CFT with central charge different compared to the one of the STU model. Because of their importance to AdS/CFT, here we give the microstate description of these geometries in terms of topological bubbles and supertubes. The fourth charge results in an additional flux through the topological cycles that resolve the brane singularities. The analog of these solutions in the IIB frame yield a generalized regular supertube with three electric charges and one dipole charge. Direct comparison is also made with the previously-known bubbled geometries.

  20. Bubbling the Newly Grown Black Ring Hair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orestis Vasilakis

    2012-02-08

    New families of BPS black ring solutions with four electric and four dipole magnetic charges have recently been explicitly constructed and uplifted to M-theory. These solutions were found to belong to a CFT with central charge different compared to the one of the STU model. Because of their importance to AdS/CFT, here we give the microstate description of these geometries in terms of topological bubbles and supertubes. The fourth charge results in an additional flux through the topological cycles that resolve the brane singularities. The analog of these solutions in the IIB frame yield a generalized regular supertube with three electric charges and one dipole charge. Direct comparison is also made with the previously-known bubbled geometries.

  1. Repigmentation of hair following adalimumab therapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tintle, Suzanne J; Dabade, Tushar S; Kalish, Robert A; Rosmarin, David M

    2015-01-01

    potential relevance to psoriasis. The Journal ofdisorders, including psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, andin a recent study of psoriasis, a T-helper 1 (Th1) and Th17-

  2. Quantitative Phosphoproteomic Analysis of Soybean Root Hairs...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resource Type: Journal Article Resource Relation: Journal Name: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics. MCP, 11(11):1140-1155 Research Org: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory...

  3. On Hair Color in France Ellen Gilkerson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borgs, Christian

    in the fall, and so we o#11;er an alternative 2 \\A table is nearly always better than a dumb pie chart; the only worse design than a pie chart is several of them." [3] 2 #12; conjecture: that the bright 0.82% 82.79% 0.00% 16.39% 100% These results are displayed graphically in the following tart charts

  4. On Hair Color in France Ellen Gilkerson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borgs, Christian

    in the fall, and so we offer an alternative 2 "A table is nearly always better than a dumb pie chart; the only worse design than a pie chart is several of them." [3] 2 #12;conjecture: that the bright coloration 0.82% 82.79% 0.00% 16.39% 100% These results are displayed graphically in the following tart charts

  5. 12.1 Introduction The vast majority of biophysical studies of membrane proteins (MPs) at the atomic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - spectively. Above a certain concentration and temperature, i.e., the critical micellar concentration (cmc well they mimic native membranes, especially when a functional test is difficult or impossible to set, on the contrary, exotic surfactants like amphipols, which could be thought to be inappropriate given

  6. Does D matter? The role of vitamin D in hair disorders and hair follicle cycling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amor, Karrie T; Rashid, Rashid M; Mirmirani, Paradi

    2010-01-01

    3. Judd SE, Tangpricha V. Vitamin D deficiency and risk forR, Kim N, Kirsner RS. Vitamin D intake and melanoma risk. JPubMed ] 5. Tuohimaa P. Vitamin D and aging. J Steroid

  7. 8/12/08 9:34 AMTo Swim Underwater, Some Insects Carry a Bubble as a Lung -NYTimes.com Page 1 of 2http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/12/science/12insect.html?_r=1&oref=slogin&ref=science&pagewanted=print

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Morris R.

    8/12/08 9:34 AMTo Swim Underwater, Some Insects Carry a Bubble as a Lung - NYTimes.com Page 1 of 2=slogin&ref=science&pagewanted=print August 12, 2008 Come Up for Air? Not These Insects, Which Carry a Bubble as a Lung By KENNETH CHANG winter. "It turns out this bubble functions as an external lung," said John W. M. Bush, an associate

  8. Department of American Studies Statement on Pending Campus Carry Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John, Lizy Kurian

    relations, gender, sexuality, poverty and inequality, social justice, environmental crisis, political

  9. ORIGINAL PAPER Relationship between African dust carried in the Atlantic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prospero, Joseph M.

    the daily concentrations of dust measured in on-shore Trade Winds at Barbados and pediatric asthma Scott Polyclinic, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Barbados, West Indies R. Naidu :H. Thani Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados, West Indies R. Naidu :H. Thani

  10. Wallet CardMy Asthma Carry This Card To Help

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Jun

    of an attack coming on: ss awakening at night ss difficulty breathing ss wheezing ss coughing, especially

  11. Rapid Generation of Light Beams Carrying Orbital Angular Momentum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammad Mirhosseini; Omar S. Magana-Loaiza; Changchen Chen; Brandon Rodenburg; Mehul Malik; Robert W. Boyd

    2013-11-19

    We report a technique for encoding both amplitude and phase variations onto a laser beam using a single digital micro-mirror device (DMD). Using this technique, we generate Laguerre-Gaussian and vortex orbital-angular-momentum (OAM) modes, along with modes in a set that is mutually unbiased with respect to the OAM basis. Additionally, we have demonstrated rapid switching among the generated modes at a speed of 4 kHz, which is much faster than the speed regularly achieved by spatial light modulators (SLMs). The dynamic control of both phase and amplitude of a laser beam is an enabling technology for classical communication and quantum key distribution (QKD) systems that employ spatial mode encoding.

  12. State and Regional policies that promote energy efficiency programs carried

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool FitsProjectDataSecretaryDepartment7 Annual2InformationStateEnergy State andout

  13. Tribune carries magnet recycling story | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.WeekProducts[TRI-PARTY AGREEMENTResources

  14. State and regional policies that promote energy efficiency programs carried

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLE DIRECTIVESDepartmentSpecialCode ofDepartment of ofEnergyout by

  15. Wave Energy Simulation Team Carries Home International Award | Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment| Department of EnergyData compiled by YanBikingof Energy

  16. IEEE Network September/October 200856 0890-8044/08/$25.00 2008 IEEE oday, the vast majority of the communications on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masip Bruin, Xavier

    , it is referred to as intelligent route control (IRC). During the last few years, IRC has attracted significant interest in both the research and the commercial fields. Sever- al vendors are developing and offering IRC solutions [2­4] that increasingly are being adopted by multihomed stub net- works. Most available IRC

  17. Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations The ultimate topic to be touched on in this book is the vast and active field of nonlinear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olver, Peter

    . Olver #12;discontinuous shock waves. A striking example is the supersonic boom produced by an airplane

  18. Better by a HAIR: Hardware-Amenable Internet Routing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caesar, Matthew

    scaling challenges in the presence of ever-increasing routing table growth and churn. Recent advances, the number of Internet routes and their churn is steadily increasing, with predictions that current router to rate-limit update traffic, and only periodi- cally exchange deltas (differences) of routing state

  19. Quantitative Phosphoproteomic Analysis of Soybean Root Hairs Inoculated

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTech ConnectSpeedingConnect Pulse energy measurement

  20. Metatranscriptome analyses indicate resource partitioning between diatoms in the field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Harriet

    Diverse communities of marine phytoplankton carry out half of global primary production. The vast diversity of the phytoplankton has long perplexed ecologists because these organisms coexist in an isotropic environment ...

  1. Abstract: WISE, the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, surveyed the entire sky in 4 mid-in-frared bands at 3.4, 4.6, 12 and 22 microns with vastly greater sensitivity than previous all-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richmond, Michael W.

    the radiometric diameters more than 150,000 objects. WISE has a 40 cm cryogenic telescope, 1024x1024 arrays, a scan mirror to freeze images on the arrays while the spacecraft scans continuously,and takes 47'x47

  2. Variation of the Side Chain Branch Position Leads to Vastly Improved Molecular Weight and OPV Performance in 4,8-dialkoxybenzo[1,2-b:4,5-b?]dithiophene/2,1,3-benzothiadiazole Copolymers

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Coffin, Robert C.; MacNeill, Christopher M.; Peterson, Eric D.; Ward, Jeremy W.; Owen, Jack W.; McLellan, Claire A.; Smith, Gregory M.; Noftle, Ronald E.; Jurchescu, Oana D.; Carroll, David L.

    2011-01-01

    Through manipulation of the solubilizing side chains, we were able to dramatically improve the molecular weight ( M w ) of 4,8-dialkoxybenzo[1,2- b :4,5- b ? ]dithiophene (BDT)/2,1,3-benzothiadiazole (BT) copolymers. When dodecyl side chains ( P1 ) are employed at the 4- and 8-positions of the BDT unit, we obtain a chloroform-soluble copolymer fraction with M w of 6.3?kg/mol. Surprisingly, by moving to the commonly employed 2-ethylhexyl branch ( P2 ), M w decreases to 3.4?kg/mol. This is despitemore »numerous reports that this side chain increases solubility and M w . By moving the ethyl branch in one position relative to the polymer backbone (1-ethylhexyl, P3 ), M w is dramatically increased to 68.8?kg/mol. As a result of this M w increase, the shape of the absorption profile is dramatically altered, with ? max = 637?nm compared with 598?nm for P1 and 579?nm for P2 . The hole mobility as determined by thin film transistor (TFT) measurements is improved from ~ 1 × 10 ? 6 ?cm 2 /Vs for P1 and P2 to 7 × 10 ? 4 ?cm 2 /Vs for P3 , while solar cell power conversion efficiency in increased to 2.91 % for P3 relative to 0.31 % and 0.19 % for P1 and P2 , respectively. « less

  3. Financial viability and technical evaluation of dendritic cell-carrying "vaccination nodes" for immunotherapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Andrew, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    Cancer immunotherapy attempts to stimulate the immune system to reject and destroy tumor cells. Despite the amount of ongoing intensive research to prevent cancer, tumor cells continue to evade immune responses. Currently, ...

  4. Gating Currents from Kv7 Channels Carrying Neuronal Hyperexcitability Mutations in the Voltage-Sensing Domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bezanilla, Francisco

    unable to provide a detailed assessment of the structural rearrangements underlying channel gating.2 channels both functionally and structurally, were used for these experiments. The data obtained showed activation of gating-pore currents at depolarized potentials. These results reveal that distinct molecular

  5. The Moroccan flag carries a pentafoil knot (Image: Image Broker/Rex Features)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, David A.

    (in the case of the trefoil, only one form was made). Knotty chainmail ADVERTISEMENT Home | Tech of the pentafoil knot interact with light would differ. "The material would rotate light in equal and opposite

  6. Grid Integration and the Carrying Capacity of the U.S. Grid to...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    even higher penetration levels through strategic investments in both demand- and supply-side sources of flexibility. iv This report is available at no cost from the National...

  7. Use of low temperature (LT) magnetic transitions to identify magnetic minerals that carry a remanence either

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    , of deformed alpine black shales, some of them being pyrrhotite-bearing which Spring 2011, Vol. 21 No. 1 Pierre crystals from Chihuahua, Mexico. Photo by Rob Lavinsky, iRocks.com (via Wikipedia Commons). Now you can

  8. Probabilistic on-line transportation problems with carrying-capacity constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treleaven, Kyle (Kyle Ballantyne)

    2014-01-01

    This thesis presents new insights and techniques for the analysis and design of autonomous or technology-assisted ("intelligent") transportation systems. The focus is on cooperative, on-line planning and control, of a fleet ...

  9. Molecular Level Characterization and Mobility of Radionuclide-Carrying Natural Organic Matter in Aquatic Environments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Chen

    2012-10-19

    reactor accident (1986, ~1.3 kg); ____________ This dissertation follows the style of Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 2 has been overwhelmed by anthropogenic release, which included atmospheric bomb atmospheric release by the Hanford nuclear... facility in Washington (1944-1972, ~260 kg); fuel reprocessing releases from facilities in La Hague in France and Sellafield in England (~2600 kg) to the ocean and about a decade ago, ~ 6 kg/yr to the atmosphere (Santschi and Schwehr, 2004). From 1944...

  10. ore than 20 years ago, the only wet chemical experiments ever carried out on the surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kounaves, Samuel P.

    vessel with puncture valve and actuator, sample introduc- tion drawer and actuator, stirrer motor and impeller, pressure and temperature sensors, and a solid pellet dispenser and actuator. Figures 2a­d detail

  11. NMR dynamics of quantum discord for spin-carrying gas molecules in a closed nanopore

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yurishchev, M. A., E-mail: yur@itp.ac.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics (Russian Federation)

    2014-11-15

    A local orthogonal transformation that transforms any centrosymmetric density matrix of a two-qubit system to the X form has been found. A piecewise-analytic-numerical formula Q = min(Q{sub ?/2}, Q{sub ?}, Q{sub 0}), where Q{sub ?/2} and Q{sub 0} are analytical expressions and the branch Q{sub 0?} can be obtained only by numerically searching for the optimal measurement angle ? ? (0, ?/2), is proposed to calculate the quantum discord Q of a general X state. The developed approaches have been applied for a quantitative description of the recently predicted flickering (periodic disappearance and reappearance) of the quantum-information pair correlation between nuclear 1/2 spins of atoms or molecules of a gas (for example, {sup 129}Xe) in a bounded volume in the presence of a strong magnetic field.

  12. "Arming the Good Guys?": An Examination of Racial Framing in Students for Concealed Carry on Campus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Couch, Todd

    2014-07-25

    Over the last several decades, issues relating to gun rights have received growing attention from the academic community. Much of this research focuses on the importance of masculinity and violence and shaping modern gun culture in the United States...

  13. Conductance characteristics between a normal metal and a clean superconductor carrying a supercurrent 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, DG; Ting, CS; Hu, Chia-Ren.

    2004-01-01

    The effect of a transverse supercurrent I-s up to the thermodynamic critical current on the low-temperature conductance characteristics between a normal metal N and a clean s- or d-wave superconductor (S) is theoretically investigated, covering from...

  14. Dissociative photoionization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon molecules carrying an ethynyl group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rouillé, Gaël; Fulvio, Daniele; Jäger, Cornelia; Henning, Thomas; Garcia, Gustavo A; Tang, Xiao-Feng; Nahon, Laurent

    2015-01-01

    The life cycle of the population of interstellar polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) molecules depends partly on the photostability of the individual species. We have studied the dissociative photoionization of two ethynyl-substituted PAH species, namely, 9-ethynylphenanthrene and 1-ethynylpyrene. Their adiabatic ionization energy and the appearance energy of fragment ions have been measured with the photoelectron photoion coincidence (PEPICO) spectroscopy technique. The adiabatic ionization energy has been found at 7.84 +/- 0.02 eV for 9-ethynylphenanthrene and at 7.41 +/- 0.02 eV for 1-ethynylpyrene. These values are similar to those determined for the corresponding non-substituted PAH molecules phenanthrene and pyrene. The appearance energy of the fragment ion indicative of the loss of a H atom following photoionization is also similar for either ethynyl-substituted PAH molecule and its non-substituted counterpart. The measurements are used to estimate the critical energy for the loss of a H atom by the ...

  15. Retention sleeve for a thermal medium carrying tube in a gas turbine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lathrop, Norman Douglas (Ballston Lake, NY); Czachor, Robert Paul (Cincinnati, OH)

    2003-01-01

    Multiple tubes are connected to steam supply and spent cooling steam return manifolds for supplying cooling steam to buckets and returning spent cooling steam from the buckets to the manifolds, respectively. The tubes are prevented from axial movement in one direction by flanges engaging end faces of the spacer between the first and second-stage wheels. Retention sleeves are disposed about cantilevered ends of the tubes. One end of the retention sleeve engages an enlarged flange on the tube, while an opposite end is spaced axially from an end face of the adjoining wheel, forming a gap, enabling thermal expansion of the tubes and limiting axial displacement of the tube in the opposite direction.

  16. A modification of the carry-propagation-free adder in a redundant binary multiplier 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Jinsoo

    1990-01-01

    . 0U M4 1 8 9 7 CMOSP L=2. 0U W=6. 0U lv15 10 11 1 7 CMOSP L=2. 0U W=6. 0U M6 12 11 13 7 CMOSP L=2. 0U W=3. 0U M7 6 5 0 14 C!vIOSN L=2. 0U W=3. 0U 'vl8 0 8 6 14 CMOSiV L=2. 0U W=3. 0U M9 15 5 0 14 CMOSN L=2. 0U W=3. 0U M10 9 8 15 14 CiiIOSN L=2.... 0U W=3. 0U M11 11 13 12 7 CIvlOSP L=2. 0U W=3. 0U !vl12 10 11 0 14 ClvIOSN L=2. 0U W=3. 0U !vl13 16 12 1 7 CiXIOSP L=2. 0U W=6. 0U M14 17 12 18 7 CMOSP L=2. 0U W=3. 0U !vl15 12 10 13 14 ClvtOSN L=2. 0U W=3. 0U Ivllfi 10 13 12 14 CMOSiV L=2. 0U...

  17. Effect of Potash Fertilizer on Carrying Quality of Tomatoes: A Preliminary Report. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanham, W. B. (William Bradford)

    1927-01-01

    The Department of Mechanical Engineering at Texas A&M offers unique degree programs with a specialization in energy management. The most popular of the degree offered is a professional degree, the Master of Engineering, ...

  18. Higher Vulnerability and Stress Sensitivity of Neuronal Precursor Cells Carrying an Alpha-Synuclein Gene Triplication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flierl, Adrian

    Parkinson disease (PD) is a multi-factorial neurodegenerative disorder with loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and characteristic intracellular inclusions, called Lewy bodies. Genetic predisposition, such ...

  19. Grid Integration and the Carrying Capacity of the U.S. Grid to...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... 12 Table 3. Evaluations of Transmission Costs in Recent U.S. Integration Studies ... 13 Table...

  20. Beams of light twisted into a corkscrew shape have carried data more than 3 kilometres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monteiro, Antónia

    and his colleagues created a small, implantable cartridge containing human cells engineered to produce a protein called SEAP when exposed to light. The researchers then put this cartridge under the skin

  1. SEMANTIC MATCHING OFFERS AND JOB SEARCHBETWEEN JOB 72, Quai des Carri6res

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SEMANTIC MATCHING OFFERS AND JOB SEARCHBETWEEN JOB REQUESTS COLING 90 Jos6 VEGA GSI-ERLI 72, Quai objective of this system which was developed for the LE MONDE daily newspaper, is to offer an efficient tool number of advertisements in the printed press. Traditionally, offers of employment appear in newspapers

  2. Transport of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and resistance-carrying plasmids through porous media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    . Rysz and P.J.J. Alvarez Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Rice University, MS 317, PO engineering challenge, with antibiotic resistance genetic elements as environmental pollutants. The transportBr) prior to the plasmid solution resulted in DNA retardation and increased filtration in a zirconia

  3. Impurity-induced local density of states in a d-wave superconductor carrying a supercurrent 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, DG; Ting, CS; Hu, Chia-Ren.

    2005-01-01

    and the bias voltage. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.71.064521 PACS numberssd: 74.25.2q, 74.20.2z, 74.62.Dh The understanding of the local physics in cuprate or high- temperature superconductors sHTSd is one of the most chal- lenging problems in condensed matter... predomi- nantly d-wave symmetry.1 The zero-bias conductance peak sZBCPd in the tunneling spectroscopy of normal metal- cuprate superconductor junction with non-sn0md-directional contact provides one of the direct evidences for this symmetry.2 Due...

  4. System and Method for Controlling Access to Content Carried in A Caching Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2009-01-01

    1995, pp. 288-298. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M.Vin andJ.S.1998, pp. 783- 791. R. Tewari, “Architectures and AlgorithmsEngineer- ing, Santa Cruz CA. Tewari, Renu, et al. , “Design

  5. US Air Force Launches Satellite Carrying NNSA-provided Nuclear Detonation

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport forRetirement PlanSupplementalEmergencyDetection Sensors |

  6. Grid Integration and the Carrying Capacity of the U.S. Grid to Incorporate

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,Executive CompensationEnergyGetDepartment of|GreenerGrid

  7. Einstein-Born-Infeld black holes with a scalar hair in three-dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Habib Mazharimousavi; M. Halilsoy

    2015-07-28

    We present black hole solutions in $2+1-$dimensional Einstein's theory of gravity coupled with Born-Infeld nonlinear electrodynamic and a massless self-interacting scalar field. The model has five free parameters: mass $M$, cosmological constant $\\ell $, electric $q$ and scalar $r_{0}$ charges and Born-Infeld parameter $\\beta $. To attain exact solution for such a highly non-linear system we adjust, i.e. finely tune, the parameters of the theory with the integration constants. In the limit $\\beta \\rightarrow 0$ we recover the results of Einstein-Maxwell-Scalar theory, obtained before. The self interacting potential admits finite minima apt for the vacuum contribution. Hawking temperature of the model is investigated versus properly tuned parameters. By employing this tuned-solution as basis, we obtain also a dynamic solution which in the proper limit admits the known solution in Einstein gravity coupled with self-interacting scalar field. Finally we establish the equations of a general scalar-tensor field coupled to nonlinear electrodynamics field\\ in $2+1-$dimensions without searching for exact solutions.

  8. Approaching Inner Ear Hair Cell Regeneration Through Non-Viral Gene Delivery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mellott, Adam Joseph

    2014-05-31

    Tissue engineering traditionally has taken an "outside-in" approach to address deformities, injuries, and wear-and-tear of tissues. The current thesis examines an opposite approach through an "inside-out" strategy using non-viral gene delivery...

  9. Behavioural Processes 71 (2006) 815 Hair barbering in mice: Implications for neurobehavioural research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalueff, Allan V.

    2006-01-01

    of the Medical School, University of Tampere, Tampere 33014, Finland b Institute of Medical Technology, University of Tampere, Tampere 33014, Finland c Department of Clinical Chemistry of the University Hospital, Tampere 33014, Finland Received 9 February 2005; received in revised form 14 July 2005; accepted 11

  10. The role of hair in swimming of laboratory mice: implications for behavioural studies in animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalueff, Allan V.

    of Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital, University of Tampere, Tampere 33014, Finland Summary Animal Hospital, University of Tampere, Tampere 33014, Finland. Email: avkalueff@inbox.ru #12;significant area

  11. Contribution of active hair-bundle motility to nonlinear amplification in the mammalian cochlea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichenbach, Tobias

    perturbed the two mechanisms by infusing substances into the endolymph or peri- lymph of the chinchilla

  12. A Nuclear-Targeted Cameleon Demonstrates Intranuclear Spiking in Medicago truncatula Root Hairs in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monin, André

    A Nuclear-Targeted Cameleon Demonstrates Intranuclear Ca2+ Spiking in Medicago truncatula Root use of a nucleoplasmin-tagged cameleon (NupYC2.1). Confocal microscopy using this nuclear-specific calcium reporter has revealed sustained and regular Ca2+ spiking within the nuclear compartment

  13. Update on Signaling Ion Changes in Legume Root Hairs Responding to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkel, Joseph G.

    K. Hepler Departamento de Biologi´a Molecular de Plantas, Instituto de Biotecnologi´a, Universidad.A.F.); and Centro de Biotecnologia Vegetal, Department Biologia Vegetal, Faculdade de Cie^ncias da Universidade de

  14. Use PCR and a Single Hair to Produce a "DNA Fingerprint"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, A. Malcolm

    Widener University. She is a three-quarter time staff member in biology. Ms. Padula coordinates.....................................................................................................................2 Student Time Table

  15. ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINANTS IN BLOOD, HAIR, AND TISSUES OF OCELOTS FROM THE LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY, TEXAS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mora, Miguel A.

    , TEXAS, 1986­1997 MIGUEL A. MORA1, LINDA L. LAACK2, M. CLARE LEE3, JOSE SERICANO4, ROBERT PRESLEY5, PIERO/o Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences, Texas A&M University, TX, U.S.A.; 2 U.S. Fish and Wildlife, Texas A&M Corpus Christi, TX, U.S.A.; 4 Geochemical and Environmental Research Group, Texas A

  16. Geek-Up[10.08.10] -- Laser Systems, Soybean Root Hair Experiments...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    to be the first to demonstrate reliable fusion ignition - the same force that powers the sun and the stars - in a laboratory environment. Says NNSA Deputy Administrator for...

  17. Geek-Up[10.08.10] -- Laser Systems, Soybean Root Hair Experiments and the

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,Executive Compensation References: FARWashers |Gamma-Ray LoggingtheElectron

  18. Good hair day: New technique grows tiny 'hairy' materials at the microscale

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorge Gardea-Torresdey,Good Earths|

  19. Hair Dryer vs. Upright Vacuum: Round Two of #EnergyFaceoff Begins |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice ofofWindUpcomingcanGrid Integration Name Division

  20. 4. Ocean Modelling and Prediction Matthew H. England and Peter R. Oke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oke, Peter

    be of enormous value. Modelling and pre- diction of ocean currents in coastal regions is important for many and rescue operations, and oil spills. Ocean currents near the coast also a ect beach conditions that impact of the built environment. At larger scales, vast ocean currents carry heat around the globe, a ecting climate

  1. Comprehensive Database on Concrete Creep and Shrinkage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://iti.northwestern.edu. Evolution of Databases A vast number of creep and shrinkage experiments have been carried out aroundComprehensive Database on Concrete Creep and Shrinkage Zdenek P. Bazant and Guang-Hua Li Structural Database on Concrete Creep and Shrinkage Zdenek P. Bazant1 and Guang-Hua Li2 Abstract: As a sequel

  2. Subject: Export Controls and Trade Sanctions While federal regulations restricting the export of goods and technologies related to national

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    Subject: Export Controls and Trade Sanctions While federal regulations restricting the export that the University of Delaware must comply with all U.S. government export control regulations. While the vast majority of the work carried out on our campuses falls within the several exemptions to export licensing

  3. DISCRETE AND CONTINUOUS doi:10.3934/dcdsb.2009.11.xx DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS SERIES B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Yanzhao

    -borne diseases is vast and diverse. Dengue fever, which is transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquito, is common]. Malaria is carried by female Anopheles mosquito, and it is prevalent mainly in Africa and some parts AND HEE-DAE KWON and in Canada [6], is transmitted by female cullux mosquito. Another vector-borne disease

  4. Dispatch R637 Photosynthesis: The paradox of carbon dioxide efflux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falkowski, Paul G.

    Dispatch R637 Photosynthesis: The paradox of carbon dioxide efflux Paul G. Falkowski The discovery 0960-9822 Photosynthesis in the world oceans accounts for approximately 40% of the global carbon fixed each year on Earth [1]. The vast majority of photosynthetic carbon fixation, by far, is carried out

  5. Media Advisory Contact: Carri Ziegler August 8, 2012 916.341-0472 (office), 916.502-1131 (cell)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    operating flexibility, LEC represents the future of clean, natural gas electric generating plants.S. POWER PLANT OF ITS KIND TO BE DEDICATED IN LODI AUG. 10 Millions to Benefit from Lodi Energy Center-of-the-art Lodi Energy Center (LEC), a natural gas-fired combined-cycle plant that is one of the cleanest and most

  6. Analysis of Indirect Uses of Interrogative Sentences Carrying Anger * Hye-Jin Min and Jong C. Park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    rejection, refutation, and reproach. In particular, in an utterance, such indirect speech acts could also

  7. S67STATE OF THE CLIMATE IN 2013 |JULY 2014 rings that carry waters from the Southern Hemi-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , G. McCarthy, J. Willis, M. Lankhorst, D. A. Smeed, U. Send, D. Rayner, W. E. Johns, C. S. Meinen, S Rayner et al. 2010 for details). McCarthy et al. (2012) noted statistically significant low MOC transport

  8. Profoundly different prion diseases in knock-in mice carrying single PrP codon substitutions associated with human diseases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Walker S.

    In man, mutations in different regions of the prion protein (PrP) are associated with infectious neurodegenerative diseases that have remarkably different clinical signs and neuropathological lesions. To explore the roots ...

  9. Goodput Estimation for an Access Node Buffer Carrying Correlated Video A. Awad M. W. McKinnon R. Sivakumar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sivakumar, Raghupathy

    .28 for a load of 20%. A maximum simulation error margin of ± 30% for values in the order of 10 -5 with a 98 to the structure of an MPEG­2 stream, the impact of a lost (or corrupted) packet will not only result

  10. Elliott et al. Reply: Zhang et al. [1] have carried out classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations using a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, James

    to nanotube stability. James A. Elliott,1 Jan K.W. Sandler,1 Alan H. Windle,1 Robert J. Young,2 and Milo S. P. Shaffer3 1 Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy University of Cambridge Pembroke Street

  11. Volunteer Agreement Form Instructions The UW carries insurance to cover medical expenses related to injuries that occur during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shlizerman, Eli

    using power-driven machines · Jobs with possible exposure to bodily fluids or radioactive and hazardous jobs requiring: items meant only to protect clothing (e.g. aprons, lab coats), clean-room clothing

  12. Numerical Modeling of AGN Jets: Formation of Magnetically Dominated Lobes and Stability Properties of Current-carrying Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masanori Nakamura; Hui Li; Steven Diehl; Shengtai Li

    2007-07-10

    We argue the behavior of Poynting flux-dominated outflows from AGN in the galactic cluster systems by performing three-dimensional MHD simulations within the framework of the "magnetic tower" model. Of particular interests are the structure of MHD waves, the cylindrical radial force balance, the (de)collimation, and the stability properties of magnetic tower jets. Transition between the jet/lobe and the formation of wiggling jet by growing current-driven instability are discussed.

  13. System and Method for Using Network Layer Uniform Resource Locator Routing To Locate The Closest Server Carrying Specific Content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2011-01-01

    1995, pp. 288-298. R. Tewari, M. Dahlin, H.M.Vin andJ.S.Maryland, May 1997. R. Tewari, “Architectures and AlgorithmsApr. 17, 1998). Renu Tewari, Michael Dahlin, Harrick M. Vin,

  14. Packing checklist A carry-on bag with an extra set of field clothing, field shoes/ or sneakers, prescriptions, travel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polly, David

    , personal toiletries, hand sanitizers, sunscreens, insect repellants, camp chair etc. Bring notebooks, you

  15. ''Girls have long hair'' and other myths: the social construction of girlhood in fifth and sixth grade girls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dummer, Susan Ilene

    2009-05-15

    The past fifteen years have yielded numerous studies of girls and the struggles they face in today's society. This dissertation examines the ways that preadolescent girls, "tweens," understand what it means to be a girl and the factors that shape...

  16. Vanderbilt Environmental Health and Safety Revised: 6/14/2012 Respirator Fit-Testing and Staff with Facial Hair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wikswo, John

    that comes between the sealing surface of the facepiece and the face or that interferes with valve function, or extend far enough to interfere with the device's function (such as the interference with valve function, there is no consistency to respirator fit, and there is higher leakage. OSHA Citation Guidelines http://www.osha.gov/pls

  17. Toward Realistic and Practical No-Hair Relations for Neutron Stars in the Non-Relativistic Limit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katerina Chatziioannou; Kent Yagi; Nicolas Yunes

    2014-09-30

    The gravitational properties of astrophysical objects depend sensitively on their internal structure. In Newtonian theory, the gravitational potential of a rotating star can be fully described by an infinite number of multipole moments of its mass distribution. Recently, this infinite number of moments for uniformly-rotating stars were shown semi-analytically to be expressible in terms of just the first three: the mass, the spin, and the quadrupole moment of the star. The relations between the various lower multipole moments were additionally shown to depend weakly on the equation of state, when considering neutron stars and assuming single polytropic equations of state. Here we extend this result in two ways. First, we show that the universality also holds for realistic equations of state, thus relaxing the need to use single polytropes. Second, we derive purely analytical universal relations by perturbing the equations of structure about an $n=0$ polytrope that reproduce semi-analytic results to $\\mathcal{O}(1\\%)$. We also find that the linear-order perturbation vanishes in some cases, which provides further evidence and a deeper understanding of the universality.

  18. OF BUGS, BRIERS AND BAD HAIR DAYS: AN OVERVIEW OF THE INDIGENOUS TREE HEALTH PROJECT IN VENDA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    fogging with a pyrethroid insecticide to knock down insects. Fogging, and collecting insects in sampling

  19. The effects of two different environments upon the density, diameter, and length of the hair of Brahman cattle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Armas, Hector

    1952-01-01

    twofold effect upon the efficiency' of bovine productiont the stimulation of metabolism and tissues ands to some extent, , a sterilising influence (Bonsma, 19/8) Therefore, animal husbandry research workers had to determine which genetic...

  20. High Resolution Imaging of in situ Root Hair Development to Assess Oilseed Species Responses to Water Stress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammac, Warren Ashley; Pan, William; Bolton, Ronald; Koenig, Richard

    2009-01-01

    M. Williams. 2008. The effects of water availability on rootMualem, and U. Shani. 2008a. Water uptake and hydraulics of2008b. Microsensing of water dynamics and root distributions

  1. Structural and functional biological materials : abalone nacre, sharp materials, and abalone foot adhesion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Albert Yu-Min

    2008-01-01

    of microfabricated polyimide hairs in a 1cm2 array, (b) re-et al. [135] microfabricated polyimide hairs (Figure 2.35 a)of microfabricated polyimide hairs in a 1cm 2 array, (b) re-

  2. Former Research Fellows | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    nuclear reactors for aircraft propulsion and space auxiliary power and concepts for thermonuclear fusion reactor power plants Richard G. Haire (2002) Richard G. Haire (2002) For...

  3. Corporate Fellows | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of nuclear reactors for aircraft propulsion and space auxiliary power and concepts for thermonuclear fusion reactor power plants Richard G. Haire (2002) Richard G. Haire (2002)...

  4. Teamwork in planning and carrying out the first inspection of the coke dry quenching (CDQ) plant of the Kaiserstuhl Coking Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burchardt, G.

    1996-12-31

    The coke plant Kaiserstuhl operates a coke dry quenching (CDQ) plant with a downstream installed waste heat boiler to satisfy statutory pollution control rules and requirements. This CDQ which went on stream in March 1993 cools the whole coke production output from the Kaiserstuhl coke plant in counterflow to an inert cooling gas. This brief overview on the whole CDQ plant should elucidate the complex of problems posed when trying to make an exact plant revision plan. After all it was impossible to evaluate or to assess all the interior process technology relevant components during the planning stage as the plant was in operation. The revision data for the first interior check was determined and fixed by the statutory rule for steam boilers and pressure vessels. The relevant terms for this check are mandatorily prescribed. In liaison with the testing agency (RW TUEV) the date for the first revision was fixed for April 1995, that means two years after the first commissioning.

  5. The University of Bath's Materials Research Centre brings together academic expertise with international industrial, academic and stakeholder partners to carry out research in different

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    ;Configuring bistable composites for energy harvesting Energy harvesting is an active research area developing. The researchers are now looking to develop broadband energy harvesters suitable for ambient vibration: researchexpertise@bath.ac.uk Materials research at Bath Here is a small taste of a few of the research projects

  6. An air line carries air at 800 kPa and 80C. An Air line ~ O O C insulated tank initially contains 20C air at a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Haimei

    As of the two reservoirs and w, where w is the work generated by the Carnot power cycle operating between

  7. Life Cost Based FMEA Manual: A Step by Step Guide to Carrying Out a Cost-based Failure Modes and Effects Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rhee, Seung; Spencer, Cherrill; /Stanford U. /SLAC

    2009-01-23

    Failure occurs when one or more of the intended functions of a product are no longer fulfilled to the customer's satisfaction. The most critical product failures are those that escape design reviews and in-house quality inspection and are found by the customer. The product may work for a while until its performance degrades to an unacceptable level or it may have not worked even before customer took possession of the product. The end results of failures which may lead to unsafe conditions or major losses of the main function are rated high in severity. Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is a tool widely used in the automotive, aerospace, and electronics industries to identify, prioritize, and eliminate known potential failures, problems, and errors from systems under design, before the product is released (Stamatis, 1997). Several industrial FMEA standards such as those published by the Society of Automotive Engineers, US Department of Defense, and the Automotive Industry Action Group employ the Risk Priority Number (RPN) to measure risk and severity of failures. The Risk Priority Number (RPN) is a product of 3 indices: Occurrence (O), Severity (S), and Detection (D). In a traditional FMEA process design engineers typically analyze the 'root cause' and 'end-effects' of potential failures in a sub-system or component and assign penalty points through the O, S, D values to each failure. The analysis is organized around categories called failure modes, which link the causes and effects of failures. A few actions are taken upon completing the FMEA worksheet. The RPN column generally will identify the high-risk areas. The idea of performing FMEA is to eliminate or reduce known and potential failures before they reach the customers. Thus, a plan of action must be in place for the next task. Not all failures can be resolved during the product development cycle, thus prioritization of actions must be made within the design group. One definition of detection difficulty (D) is how well the organization controls the development process. Another definition relates to the detectability of a particular failure in the product when it is in the hands of the customer. The former asks 'What is the chance of catching the problem before we give it to the customer'? The latter asks 'What is the chance of the customer catching the problem before the problem results in a catastrophic failure?' (Palady, 1995) These differing definitions confuse the FMEA users when one tries to determine detection difficulty. Are we trying to measure how easy it is to detect where a failure has occurred or when it has occurred? Or are we trying to measure how easy or difficult it is to prevent failures? Ordinal scale variables are used to rank-order industries such as, hotels, restaurants, and movies (Note that a 4 star hotel is not necessarily twice as good as a 2 star hotel). Ordinal values preserve rank in a group of items, but the distance between the values cannot be measured since a distance function does not exist. Thus, the product or sum of ordinal variables loses its rank since each parameter has different scales. The RPN is a product of 3 independent ordinal variables, it can indicate that some failure types are 'worse' than others, but give no quantitative indication of their relative effects. To resolve the ambiguity of measuring detection difficulty and the irrational logic of multiplying 3 ordinal indices, a new methodology was created to overcome these shortcomings, Life Cost-Based FMEA. Life Cost-Based FMEA measures failure/risk in terms of monetary cost. Cost is a universal parameter that can be easily related to severity by engineers and others. Thus, failure cost can be estimated using the following simplest form: Expected Failure Cost = {sup n}{Sigma}{sub i=1}p{sub i}c{sub i}, p: Probability of a particular failure occurring; c: Monetary cost associated with that particular failure; and n: Total number of failure scenarios. FMEA is most effective when there are inputs into it from all concerned disciplines of the product development t

  8. America's "Circulatory System" The 2.3 million miles of pipelines in the United States carry materials and data vital to our

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neimark, Alexander V.

    be able to meet ever-increasing demands for the volumes of natural gas, oil, water, chemicals, electricity and Natural Gas Engineering West Virginia University (WVU) Colleen Richwall, P.E., Chair New Jersey Common CAIT's Pipeline Safety and Security Program (PSSP) aims to play a major role in developing technologies

  9. America's "Circulatory System" The 2.3 million miles of pipelines in the United States carry materials and data vital to our

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be able to meet ever-increasing demands for the volumes of natural gas, oil, water, chemicals, electricity and Natural Gas Engineering West Virginia University (WVU) Jim Tarleton, Chair New Jersey Common Ground CAIT's Pipeline Safety and Security Program (PSSP) aims to play a major role in developing technologies

  10. 86The Higgs Boson and the Mystery of Mass Why is it that some elementary particles such as the photon and gluon do not carry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    86The Higgs Boson and the Mystery of Mass Why is it that some elementary particles to add a new particle called the Higgs Boson to the known collection of fundamental particles. Depending on how strongly a particle such as electrons or neutrinos interacted with the Higgs Boson, it would 'pick

  11. THE PLANNING PHASE OF THE DATA LIFE CYCLE The planning phase of the Data Life Cycle is carried out using the Data Quality Objectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPENDIX D THE PLANNING PHASE OF THE DATA LIFE CYCLE The planning phase of the Data Life Cycle assurance project plan (QAPP). The QAPP integrates all technical and quality aspects of the Data Life Cycle (implementation) and the decision maker (assessment)

  12. A user`s guide to LUGSAN II. A computer program to calculate and archive lug and sway brace loads for aircraft-carried stores

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunn, W.N.

    1998-03-01

    LUG and Sway brace ANalysis (LUGSAN) II is an analysis and database computer program that is designed to calculate store lug and sway brace loads for aircraft captive carriage. LUGSAN II combines the rigid body dynamics code, SWAY85, with a Macintosh Hypercard database to function both as an analysis and archival system. This report describes the LUGSAN II application program, which operates on the Macintosh System (Hypercard 2.2 or later) and includes function descriptions, layout examples, and sample sessions. Although this report is primarily a user`s manual, a brief overview of the LUGSAN II computer code is included with suggested resources for programmers.

  13. lization was carried out at 453 K for 24 h by hydrothermal synthesis without agitation. The products were calcined in air at 773 K for 6 h

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Song

    . The products were calcined in air at 773 K for 6 h with a heating rate of 1 K min±1 . The products were) with a continuous flow system under atmospheric pressure. Equimolar reactants of toluene and methanol were fed2]: An Organic±Inorganic Hybrid Exhibiting Canted Antiferromagnetism** By Bin Zhang,* Zheming Wang

  14. Resistance to 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin Toxicity and Abnormal Liver Development in Mice Carrying a Mutation in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradfield, Christopher A.

    Resistance to 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin Toxicity and Abnormal Liver Development in Mice translocator, and binding of this het- erodimeric transcription factor to dioxin-responsive elements (DREs,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin as well as regulation of normal liver development. In an effort to test whether

  15. 1. We can hear around corners, but we cannot see around corners. The reason is that a) Sound waves carry more energy than do light waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coleman, Piers

    that are lined up so that the tranmission axis of each is rotated by 30 with respect to the preceding sheet. What

  16. No one wants to carry around a combination tag during their workout. To alleviate this problem, 50 Digilock mechanisms have been added to lockers in each of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    a four- digit code chosen on the spot by the locker user. These locks will automatically unlock after, the Group Exercise team has joined in the effort with its "Trim Our Waste" initiative, officially launching September. #12;Intramural Sports flag football officials recently took a weekend trip to Athens, Ga

  17. Two-phase flow regimes and carry-over in a large-diameter model of a PWR hot leg. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hashemi, A.

    1986-04-01

    This report describes a series of tests investigating two-phase flow characterization and carryover in a transparent model of a Babcock and Wilson (B and W) Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) hot leg geometry. This work was performed, inpart, to support the interpretation of results from the Once-Through Integral System (OTIS) and Multi-loop Integral Test (MIST) facilities. Test conditions were selected to cover a wide range of gas and liquid superficial velocities (0.01 m/s < j/sub g/ < 2 m/s, 0 < j/sub l/ < 0.5 m/s) expected to occur in a prototypical reactor geometry during a small break loss of coolant accident (SBLOCA). Tests at high gas superficial velocities (j/sub g/ > 2 m/s) were also performed for comparison with semi-analytical predictions. Tests were conducted in two different test rigs, one with 10.2-cm (4-inch) diameter pipe, and the other with 30.5-cm (12-inch) diameter pipe. Results include average void fraction, amount of water carryover through the U-bend, transient flow rates and pressure histories, and video movies of the two-phase flow phenomena. Results of the 10.2-cm (4-inch) pipe tests show generally good agreement with the Taitel and Dukler (1) flow regime map for vertical pipes. For the 30.5-cm pipe tests, slug flow was not observed. Instead, as the air flow rate was increased, the flow regime progressed from bubbly to churn-type flow with the presence of large bubbles (approximately 15-cm diameter). The results also indicate that flow regimes and collapsed liquid level are more strongly dependent on air superficial velocity than the water superficial velocity and that the amount of water carryover for a given air flow rate is a strong function of collapsed water level (void fraction). Furthermore, the results show that similar thresholds for breakdown in natural circulation flow exist between the 10.2-cm and 30.5-cm pipe tests for gas and liquid superficial velocities expected in a SBLOCA. 20 refs., 24 figs.

  18. CS 491/591 Spring 2010 Lab Policies There will be one machine dedicated as the dedicated machine for carrying out your projects, I'll give

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crandall, Jedidiah R.

    CS 491/591 Spring 2010 Lab Policies There will be one machine dedicated as the dedicated machine.g., for ARP injection or TCP fragmentation, are to be forged only on the tuntap interfaces of the dedicated the assignment says to do, so do not forge packets on the eth0 interface of the dedicated machine and do

  19. The Thorium Molten Salt Reactor : Moving on from the MSBR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Mathieu; D. Heuer; R. Brissot; C. Le Brun; E. Liatard; J. M. Loiseaux; O. Méplan; E. Merle-Lucotte; A. Nuttin; J. Wilson; C. Garzenne; D. Lecarpentier; E. Walle; the GEDEPEON Collaboration

    2005-06-02

    A re-evaluation of the Molten Salt Breeder Reactor concept has revealed problems related to its safety and to the complexity of the reprocessing considered. A reflection is carried out anew in view of finding innovative solutions leading to the Thorium Molten Salt Reactor concept. Several main constraints are established and serve as guides to parametric evaluations. These then give an understanding of the influence of important core parameters on the reactor's operation. The aim of this paper is to discuss this vast research domain and to single out the Molten Salt Reactor configurations that deserve further evaluation.

  20. On Quantum Integrable Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Danilov, Viatcheslav; /Oak Ridge; Nagaitsev, Sergei; /Fermilab

    2011-11-01

    Many quantum integrable systems are obtained using an accelerator physics technique known as Ermakov (or normalized variables) transformation. This technique was used to create classical nonlinear integrable lattices for accelerators and nonlinear integrable plasma traps. Now, all classical results are carried over to a nonrelativistic quantum case. In this paper we have described an extension of the Ermakov-like transformation to the Schroedinger and Pauli equations. It is shown that these newly found transformations create a vast variety of time dependent quantum equations that can be solved in analytic functions, or, at least, can be reduced to time-independent ones.

  1. 10/10/13 App advises users of sudden oakdeath risks | The Press Democrat www.pressdemocrat.com/article/20131009/articles/131009460 1/3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Hwy 101 Rollover The Hottest Gray Hair Color Trend 2014(Hair Color For Women) 3D Printing Failures (Bankrate) How to Unlock a Car Door When the Keys Are Locked In (eHow) Photos: 3D Printing Gone Hilariously

  2. College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences To qualify for the Dean's List, students must carry a minimum of 14 credits in a semester (or 7 credits in a term)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    Physics Paige Lynn Bartholomew Mathematics Matthew Thomas Bean Statistics Catherine Michelle Billings Steven Lowell Christiansen Chemistry Colby Kevin Clark Computer Science Caleb J Coburn Physics William Kent Davis Mathematics Casey Kent Davis Computer Science Jacob Paul Davis Physics Jonathan Dutson

  3. EAGE 64th Conference & Exhibition --Florence, Italy, 27 -30 May 2002 We carry out an inversion study to appraise the ability of time-lapse 3D seismic data to infer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    parameters. A water-flood enhanced recovery process is considered as the source responsible for the dynamic in Figure 1, consists of two sand bodies embedded in a background shale layer. The upper sand body is water filled whereas the lower one is saturated with oil. Geometry and dimensions of the sand bodies were

  4. Space plays an essential role in our daily lives. Research in this field carried out at the University is broad and reaches from establishing an understanding of space weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    at the University is broad and reaches from establishing an understanding of space weather conditions corrections to GPS data, enhancing accuracy and potentially reducing the impact of space weather and solar storms. Polar research: understanding space weather impact on GPS University researchers have undertaken

  5. Ultrasound in Med. & Biol., Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 287-297, 1994 Copyright 1994 Elsevier Science Ltd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    , sternum, and vertebral column was clipped with an electric shaver and the hair removed with a depila- tory

  6. New Facility to Shed Light on Offshore Wind Resource (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-05-01

    Chesapeake Light Tower facility will gather key data for unlocking the nation's vast offshore wind resource.

  7. Nonlinear Models for Repeated Measurement Data: An Overview and Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidian, Marie

    . Presentation of a comprehensive bibli- ography is impossible, as, pleasantly, the literature has become vast

  8. US Relations with Mexico and Central America, 1977-1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenblum, Marc

    2000-01-01

    alliance for production” restored investor confidence. More importantly, by 1977 production based on vast new oil

  9. INTRODUCTION The otocyst, the precursor to the specialized epithelia of the inner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubel, Edwin

    each hair cell and, as a result, hair cells do not contact each other. Mammals are born with their full papilla is auditory in function. A subset of cells that form within these patches ­ hair cells ­ serves to transduce the energy of motion and sound into interpretable neural signals. The other primary cell type

  10. Vertebral Four limbs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doebley, John

    3/6/12 1 Cow Vertebral column Four limbs Lung Amnio6c egg Hair Rumen Cow Vertebral column Four limbs Lung Amnio6c egg Hair Rumen Cow Vertebral column Four limbs Lung Amnio6c egg Hair Rumen Cow Vertebral column

  11. ‘Her hair over her arms and her arms full of flowers’: Love and unknowing in Alina Marazzi’s Un’Ora sola ti vorrei [For One More Hour with You] (2002)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Emma

    2015-03-01

    and daughter, of the loving, identity-involving, and shifting, intimacy of maternal/filial affection, filiation. It opens to a feminist genealogy, issues of how as daughters we write about, or to, women of our prior generation, women we leave behind even... genealogy, the voices, images and sensibilities of other women, about how to make this art, yet remain open to a tremulous, vivid, other, an other who may be loved, unutterably, yet is also unknown. In particular these issues seem charged and disarming...

  12. Tracing the geometry around a massive, axisymmetric body to measure, through gravitational waves, its mass moments and electromagnetic moments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. P. Sotiriou; T. A. Apostolatos

    2004-10-25

    The geometry around a rotating massive body, which carries charge and electrical currents, could be described by its multipole moments (mass moments, mass-current moments, electric moments, and magnetic moments). When a small body is orbiting this massive body, it will move on geodesics, at least for a time interval that is short with respect to the characteristic time of the binary due to gravitational radiation. By monitoring the waves emitted by the small body we are actually tracing the geometry of the central object, and hence, in principle, we can infer all its multipole moments. This paper is a generalization of previous similar results by Ryan. The fact that the electromagnetic moments of spacetime can be measured demonstrates that one can obtain information about the electromagnetic field purely from gravitational wave analysis. Additionally, these measurements could be used as a test of the no-hair theorem for black holes.

  13. Thought Leaders during Crises in Massive Social Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corley, Courtney D.; Farber, Robert M.; Reynolds, William

    2012-05-24

    The vast amount of social media data that can be gathered from the internet coupled with workflows that utilize both commodity systems and massively parallel supercomputers, such as the Cray XMT, open new vistas for research to support health, defense, and national security. Computer technology now enables the analysis of graph structures containing more than 4 billion vertices joined by 34 billion edges along with metrics and massively parallel algorithms that exhibit near-linear scalability according to number of processors. The challenge lies in making this massive data and analysis comprehensible to an analyst and end-users that require actionable knowledge to carry out their duties. Simply stated, we have developed language and content agnostic techniques to reduce large graphs built from vast media corpora into forms people can understand. Specifically, our tools and metrics act as a survey tool to identify thought leaders' -- those members that lead or reflect the thoughts and opinions of an online community, independent of the source language.

  14. Projected Constraints on Scalarization with Gravitational Waves from Neutron Star Binaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laura Sampson; Nicolas Yunes; Neil Cornish; Marcelo Ponce; Enrico Barausse; Antoine Klein; Carlos Palenzuela; Luis Lehner

    2014-11-28

    Certain scalar-tensor theories have the property of endowing stars with scalar hair, sourced either by the star's own compactness (spontaneous scalarization) or, for binary systems, by the companion's scalar hair (induced scalarization) or by the orbital binding energy (dynamical scalarization). Scalarized stars in binaries present different conservative dynamics than in General Relativity, and can also excite a scalar mode in the metric perturbation that carries away dipolar radiation. As a result, the binary orbit shrinks faster than predicted in General Relativity, modifying the rate of decay of the orbital period. In spite of this, scalar-tensor theories can pass existing binary pulsar tests, because observed pulsars may not be compact enough or sufficiently orbitally bound to activate scalarization. Gravitational waves emitted during the last stages of compact binary inspirals are thus ideal probes of scalarization effects. For the standard projected sensitivity of advanced LIGO, we here show that, if neutron stars are sufficiently compact to enter the detector's sensitivity band already scalarized, then gravitational waves could place constraints at least comparable to binary pulsars. If the stars dynamically scalarize while inspiraling in band, then constraints are still possible provided the scalarization occurs sufficiently early in the inspiral, roughly below an orbital frequency of 50Hz. In performing these studies, we derive an easy-to-calculate data analysis measure, an integrated phase difference between a General Relativistic and a modified signal, that maps directly to the Bayes factor so as to determine whether a modified gravity effect is detectable. Finally, we find that custom-made templates are equally effective as model-independent, parameterized post-Einsteinian waveforms at detecting such modified gravity effects at realistic signal-to-noise ratios.

  15. Characterization of Tri-lab Tantalum Plate.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buchheit, Thomas E.; Cerreta, Ellen K.; Deibler, Lisa Anne; Chen, Shu-Rong; Michael, Joseph R.

    2014-09-01

    This report provides a detailed characterization Tri-lab Tantalum (Ta) plate jointly purchased from HCStark Inc. by Sandia, Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories. Data in this report was compiled from series of material and properties characterization experiments carried out at Sandia (SNL) and Los Alamos (LANL) Laboratories through a leveraged effort funded by the C2 campaign. Results include microstructure characterization detailing the crystallographic texture of the material and an increase in grain size near the end of the rolled plate. Mechanical properties evaluations include, compression cylinder, sub-scale tension specimen, micohardness and instrumented indentation testing. The plate was found to have vastly superior uniformity when compare with previously characterized wrought Ta material. Small but measurable variations in microstructure and properties were noted at the end, and at the top and bottom edges of the plate.

  16. Substantially self-powered method and apparatus for recovering hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing solid hydrates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Elliott, G.R.B.; Barraclough, B.L.; Vanderborgh, N.E.

    1981-02-19

    A method and apparatus are provided for producing gaseous hydrocarbons from formations comprising solid hydrocarbon hydrates located under either a body of land or a body of water. The vast natural resources of such hydrocarbon hydrates can thus now be economically mined. Relatively warm brine or water is brought down from an elevation above that of the hydrates through a portion of the apparatus, and passes in contact with the hydrates, thus melting them. The liquid then continues up another portion of the apparatus carrying entrained hydrocarbon vapors in the form of bubbles, which can easily be separated from the liquid. After a short startup procedure, the process and apparatus are substantially self-powered.

  17. Fabrication and Characterization of New Hybrid Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED): Europium-picrate-triethylene oxide Complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarjidan, M. A. Mohd; Abu Zakaria, N. Z. A.; Abd. Majid, W. H. [Solid State Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Kusrini, Eny; Saleh, M. I. [School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang (Malaysia)

    2009-07-07

    Thin-film light emitting devices based on organic materials have attracted vast interest in applications such as light emitting diode (LED) and flat-panel display. The organic material can be attached with inorganic material to enhance the performance of the light emitting device. A hybrid OLED based on a new complex of europium picrate (Eu-pic) with triethylene oxide (EO3) ligand is fabricated. The OLED is fabricated by using spin coating technique with acetone as the solvent and aluminum as the top electrode. The optical, photoluminescence (PL) and electrical properties of the sample are carried out by UV-Vis spectroscopy (Jasco V-750), luminescence spectroscopy (Perkin Elmer LS-500) and source measure unit (SMU)(Keithly), respectively.

  18. Gigabit network technology. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davenport, C.M.C. [ed.

    1996-10-01

    Current digital networks are evolving toward distributed multimedia with a wide variety of applications with individual data rates ranging from kb/sec to tens and hundreds of Mb/sec. Link speed requirements are pushing into the Gb/sec range and beyond the envelop of electronic networking capabilities. There is a vast amount of untapped bandwidth available in the low-attenuation communication bands of an optical fiber. The capacity in one fiber thread is enough to carry more than two thousand times as much information as all the current radio and microwave frequencies. And while fiber optics has replaced copper wire as the transmission medium of choice, the communication capacity of conventional fiber optic networks is ultimately limited by electronic processing speeds.

  19. Big Bang Day: 5 Particles - 4. The Neutrino

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    Simon Singh looks at the stories behind the discovery of 5 of the universe's most significant subatomic particles: the Electron, the Quark, the Anti-particle, the Neutrino and the "next particle". It's the most populous particle in the universe. Millions of these subatomic particles are passing through each one of us. With no charge and virtually no mass they can penetrate vast thicknesses of matter without any interaction - indeed the sun emits huge numbers that pass through earth at the speed of light. Neutrinos are similar to the more familiar electron, with one crucial difference: neutrinos do not carry electric charge. As a result they're extremely difficult to detect . But like HG Wells' invisible man they can give themselves away by bumping into things at high energy and detectors hidden in mines are exploiting this to observe these rare interactions.

  20. RETORT ABANDONMENT -- ISSUES AND RESEARCH NEEDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, J.P.

    2010-01-01

    Alamos, New Mexico at ~resented Oil Shale, The EnvironmentalNew Mexico INTRODUCTION Vast resources of oil shale--more

  1. pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API OPINIE -Remco Breuker -24/04/13, 06:00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    jongeren recht op vast werk' 'U mag geen drone van Google-topman Schmidt, zij mogen wel een satelliet' #12

  2. Broadband Submillimeter Instrumentation for the Detection of Distant Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Member, Vast Right-Wing Conspiracy #12;v Wardy the f hrer of Unix, Darren Dowell, Je Grosethy, Jon Kawamura

  3. II I I II I I I I I The Real Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avise, John

    an adjacent natural.gas power plant) that drives a vast "technosphere" of pumps, sensors, scrub- bers, air

  4. Students, Professors Demonstrating Virginia's Potential

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Peter enjoys solving complex problems, including one thing he sees as an urgent situation that is vastly important — energy creation.

  5. Ick! The average person sheds 1.5 lbs of skin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantlon, Jessica F.

    . Be nice to your head.Be nice to your head.Be nice to your head.Be nice to your head. Fight Frizz: Tame dry; pale, whitish nails could be a sign of anemia (low iron level in the blood). · Ingrown toenails may or her head! Most people lose 50-100 hairs per day. - Hair grows an average of 9 inches per year. - Hair

  6. Mercury levels in muscle of some fish species from the Dique Channel, Colombia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olivero, J.; Navas, V.; Perez, A.

    1997-06-01

    Gold mining is an activity that has been increasing during the last ten years in Colombia. Most mining activities are carried out using mercury for gold amalgamation. In a recent publication we stated that in the Sur de Bolivar, the main gold mining zone in Colombia, the highest mercury concentration in hair was observed in fishermen. The Magdalena River, the largest and most important river in Colombia, receives all this contamination and carries it to the Atlantic Ocean through two means: The main river course and the Dique Channel. The Dique Channel is surrounded by many marshes, which are a major source of fish for nearly two hundred thousands people in northwestern Colombia. The goal of the present study was to determine, for the first time, the content of mercury in muscle tissue of the four most popular fish species purchased in some towns along the Dique Channel, to establish whether these concentrations fall within the WHO guidelines, and to identify those species which can be consumed with less risk. 11 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  7. Selecting the Best Explanation for Explanation-Based Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pazzani, Michael J.

    : There is a new a doll on the market (called a Hollywood Girl). When this doll is dipped in hot water, its hair

  8. ORNL Guest House

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    iron & ironing board, and hair dryer. The entire Guest House has high speed wireless internet access with printing capabilities. ORNL Guest House Oak Ridge National...

  9. Combating the Privatization of Life in a Neo-Liberal Regime: The Fight for Water Democracies in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raders, Gavin

    2009-01-01

    and chopping wood, collecting coconuts and processing ‘toody’ (a popular coconut wine),weaving coconut coir, cutting hair, driving rickshaws, etc.

  10. Livestock for Small Acreage Landowners 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machen, Richard V.; Lyons, Robert K.

    2000-04-12

    of them are described in this publication--stocker calves, meat goats and hair sheep. There are details on management, facilities required, and marketing opportunities for these enterprises....

  11. University of Waterloo Adaptation, Selection, and Intelligent Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godfrey, Michael W.

    % dark in 1848, 95% dark in 1898 [Manchester] · Hair colour, tattoos, height ­ Morphological change · DB server, web server, file server; intelligent controllers 3. Pruning, if needed · Three pairs

  12. Y0: loose stool Y1: indigested grain in stool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Nevin L.

    : lassitude Y17: prolonged illness Y18: cough with dyspnea X8(4) Y19: loss of hair and teeth X9(4) Y20: poor

  13. Innovative Nanocoatings Unlock the Potential for Major Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    one-thousandth the width of a human hair. With support from the Energy Department, MDS Coating Technologies (MCT) Corporation has developed a particular nanocoating that has the...

  14. Ovipositional preferences of the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens (Fabricius) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutsch, Randall Gary

    1968-01-01

    linea of cotton were selected according to the degree of epidermal hairs (trichomes) on the leaf surface. The hirsute line (genotype H2H2) contained simple and stellate hairs on the leaf veins and on the leaf surface between the veins. The normal line...

  15. Mitochondrial DNA control region sequences used for identification of species in two forensic science case studies: the Monte Cristi shipwreck and a homicide case 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rittenhouse, Kevin Dee

    1996-01-01

    used in a phylogenetic study to determine the species of the hair samples. The results of the phylogenetic study showed that the hair was consistent with that of northern European cattle and led to the conclusion the ship was most likely sheathed in a...

  16. Freeze Branding Horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Householder, Doug; Webb, Gary; Wigington, Sam; Bruemmer, Jason

    2001-06-29

    , simpli- f_ied drawing of one hair shaft with its color (pigment) producing follicle (CF) and its growth follicle (GF), both shown below the skin. Doug Householder 1 , Gary Webb 2 , Sam Wigington 3 and Jason Bruemmer 4 Freeze Branding Horses Figure 1. Hair...

  17. header for SPIE use Influence of spraying distance and post-cooling on cryogen spray cooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguilar, Guillermo

    . However, the spray characteristics and combination of CSC and heating (laser) to obtain optimal treatments treatments, such as hair removal4 . However, to obtain optimal cooling selectivity, the amount of heat in various laser dermatological procedures such as treatment of port wine stain birthmarks and hair removal

  18. JOURNAL OF NEUROPHYSIOLOGY Vol. 76. No. 2, August 1996. Printed in U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagayama, Toshiki

    of that inhibition. For example, wind-sensitive hairs are dis- tributed over the terminal appendagesof insects, the cerci. Thesehairs candetect wind or soundover arangeof frequen- cies (Bentley 1975; Nicklaus 1965; Orida in the central terminals of these wind-sensitive hairs in the locust when a sensory neuron, thought to monitor

  19. Please cite this article in press as: Bartres-Faz, D. et al., Functional connectivity of the hippocampus in elderly with mild memory dysfunction carrying the APOE 4 allele, Neurobiol Aging (2007), doi:10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2007.04.021

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    Neuroradiologia, Servei de Radiologia, Centre de Diagn`ostic per la Imatge (CDI), Hospital Cl´inic de Barcelona, C

  20. p. 113, n. 60. There is a 50-50 chance the queen carries the gene for hemophilia. If she is a carrier, then each prince has a 50-50 chance of having hemophilia. If the queen has had three princes without the disease,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allard, William K.

    is a carrier, then each prince has a 50-50 chance of having hemophilia. If the queen has had three princes without the disease, what is the probability the queen is a carrier? If there is a fourth prince, what for hemophilia and let Qn be the event that she does not. Let Pi,h be the event that the i-th prince does

  1. Sure, a textbook can tell you about Bragg's Law and the x-ray absorption energies for any element in the periodic table, but it can't tell you how to plan and carry out an x-ray scattering experiment at one of the 50 or so synchrotron radiation facilitie

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With Livermore National LabSupplierNST Division Director Supratik

  2. Biomonitoring for the photovoltaics industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernholc, N.M.; Moskowitz, P.D.

    1995-07-01

    Biomonitoring often is used as a method for estimating the dose to an individual. Therefore, a parameter of measurement, or biomarkers must be identified. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of biomonitoring protocols for metals used in the photovoltaics industry. Special attention is given to areas that often are skimmed over, to gain insights into some of the problems that may arise when these tasks are carried out. Biological monitoring can be used to determine current human exposures to chemicals, as well as to detect past exposures, and the effects that these exposures may have on human health. It is used in conjunction with environmental monitoring to describe more completely worker`s exposures to, and absorption of, chemicals in the workplace. Biological specimens (e.g., blood, hair or urine) are analyzed for chemical agents, metabolites, or for some specific effect on the person (Lowry 1994). Biomonitoring can assess a workers exposure to industrial chemicals by all routes including skin absorption and ingestion. Although the methodology still is in its infancy, in cases where the procedures have been developed, it can be an invaluable component of an ongoing program of industrial hygiene monitoring. Like any technology, there are limitations to its effectiveness because of a lack of knowledge, contamination of specimens, and the introduction of errors.

  3. Scanning Tranmission X-ray Microscopic Analysis of Purifed Melanosomes of the Mouse Iris

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson,M.; Haraszti, T.; Peterson, G.; Wirick, S.; Jacobsen, C.; John, S.; Grunze, M.

    2006-01-01

    Melanosomes are specialized intracellular membrane bound organelles that produce and store melanin pigment. The composition of melanin and distribution of melanosomes determine the color of many mammalian tissues, including the hair, skin, and iris. However, the presence of melanosomes within a tissue carries potentially detrimental risks related to the cytotoxic indole-quinone intermediates produced during melanin synthesis. In order to study melanosomal molecules, including melanin and melanin-related intermediates, we have refined methods allowing spectromicroscopic analysis of purified melanosomes using scanning transmission X-ray microscopy. Here, we present for the first time absorption data for melanosomes at the carbon absorption edge ranging from 284 to 290 eV. High-resolution images of melanosomes at discrete energies demonstrate that fully melanized mature melanosomes are internally non-homogeneous, suggesting the presence of an organized internal sub-structure. Spectra of purified melanosomes are complex, partially described by a predominating absorption band at 288.4 eV with additional contributions from several minor bands. Differences in these spectra were detectable between samples from two strains of inbred mice known to harbor genetically determined melanosomal differences, DBA/2J and C57BL/6J, and are likely to represent signatures arising from biologically relevant and tractable phenomena.

  4. Spatial Thinking across the College Curriculum, Position Papers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center for Spatial Studies, UCSB; Spatial Intelligence Learning Center, Temple University

    2012-01-01

    geographic information (VGI) systems. Nature of spatialgeographic information (VGI) is leading to a new generationgrowing number of explicit VGI projects will lead to vast

  5. Modeling broadband poroelastic propagation using an asymptotic approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasco, Donald W.

    2010-01-01

    for coupling porous f ow and geomechanics, SPE Journal, 11,modeling of f uid f ow and geomechanics is vast but lacking

  6. Self-Assembly of Polymer Nano-Elements on Sapphire

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Self-Assembly of Polymer Nano-Elements on Sapphire Print Self-assembly of polymers promises to vastly improve the properties and manufacturing processes of nanostructured...

  7. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Reinhard

    2008-01-01

    biomass, hydro power and biogas. Other options with vastTechnologies addressed Wind, biogas All technologies (exceptelectricity, Biomass, Biogas, Landfill gas, Sewage gas,

  8. How Particle Accelerators Work | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    cancer patients. The vast majority of these irradiations are now performed with microwave linear accelerators producing electron beams and x-rays. Accelerator technology,...

  9. Occupational Medicine Implications of Engineered Nanoscale Particulate Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Richard J.

    2008-01-01

    Ed. ) American Industrial Hygiene Association: 2008.occupational medicine and industrial hygiene is hampered byThe vast majority of industrial hygiene exposure limits for

  10. 2002 Geological Society of America. For permission to copy, contact Copyright Permissions, GSA, or editing@geosociety.org. Geology; April 2002; v. 30; no. 4; p. 323326; 5 figures; Data Repository item 2002031. 323

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Rónadh

    with similar sources and sedimentology have vastly different clast populations, nonquartzose clasts being much or paleogeographic impli- cations. Current sedimentology textbooks state that they represent tectonically quiescent

  11. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    systems across vast spatial and temporal scales FY 2013 Highlights: Clean energy biodesign of plant and microbial systems through development of new molecular...

  12. Housing the Truth: The Archived Legacy of Transitional Justice in Timor-Leste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipscomb, Leigh-Ashley

    2011-01-01

    Mosquitoes swarmed under our feet despite weekly fumigations, and as a result the vast majority of the staff contracted dengue fever

  13. COLDFUSlON-RECENTSTAruS AND A NEW DOOR FOR Jack Simons, Henry Eyring Professor of Chemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Jack

    is electrolyzed, with LiOD acting as the solution electrolyte, to produce D2 gas and 02 gas. Although the vast

  14. THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb 1. Introduction ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-10-06

    Look at the example of Newton's Law of Gravitation. Here is. a mathematical statement of great simplicity which implies logically vast number. of phenomena of ...

  15. Statement by Guido DeHoratiis

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of our Nation's energy portfolio. The successful applications of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing technologies have enabled production to be extended to vast volumes...

  16. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    rock. This new and complete understanding the aquifer?s areal extent, thickness, water chemistry, and relationship to Utah?s vast oil shale resource will help operators...

  17. Deputy Secretary Poneman's Remarks at a Conference Hosted by...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to the power of the commercial marketplace. Instead of every operator of a nuclear reactor investing vast sums to build new enrichment and reprocessing facilities, which...

  18. Geothermal: The Energy Under Our Feet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2007-02-01

    This new brochure summarizes the findings of the May 16, 2007 meeting, and conveys the significance and vastness of the geothermal resource.

  19. Updating Automotive Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Dan

    2002-01-01

    DANIEL SPERLING Updating Automotive Research Although thewithout vast subsidies. Automotive News, the main auto-relationship between the automotive indus- try and federal

  20. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    drafting new rules for small wind farm projects. ” Xinhuaparticularly true for small wind power manufacturers, whichNDRC, the vast majority of small wind farm projects is not

  1. Not Your Father’s Weatherization: Q&A with Contractor Mike Richart

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    From improvements in technology to increased consumer demand on quality, Mike Richart has seen vast changes in the energy efficiency industry.

  2. Scenarios for Deep Carbon Emission Reductions from Electricity by 2050 in Western North America Using the SWITCH Electric Power Sector Planning Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, James Henry

    2013-01-01

    station  solar  and  onshore  wind  potential  in  WECC,  the   potential   for   low   cost   solar   in   the  solar   resources:   U.S.   Southwest   provides   vast   potential.  

  3. Bronze Age Representations of Aegean Jewelry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    1992-01-01

    Gr I under arching papyrus (woman's grave; BSA 46 tlgsll 102 ff.) gold dress/hair pins wirh theriomorphic finiais (NMA 245-7) Vapheio Tholos (ArchEph 1889 pl. 7, p. l5): hair pin with palm finial Volos Tholoi (ArchEph 1906 23t-4, fig. 7 -9): hair pins... of necklaces. At top, she wears a common choker or fillet (cf. the similar choker or fillet on the Veil- Lifter #14 [Pl. LXIVc]). 5i"' 266 John G. YOLTNGER At bottom, a string of tiny gold beads is draped across the shoulders and from this hang gold dragonfly...

  4. Summer fruit tortrixAdoxophyes orana Michigan State University's invasive species factsheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isaacs, Rufus

    and ornamental plantings. Michigan risk maps for exotic plant pests. Other common name smaller tea tortrix : Up to 20 mm long; body yellow-green to dark- green ornamented with warts and light hairs; head brown

  5. Computer vs. Video Game System: Ready to Rumble in the #EnergyFaceoff...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewable Energy Laboratory EnergyFaceoff Rounds Begin The hair dryer and the vacuum go head to head in EnergyFaceoff round two | Graphic courtesy of Stacy Buchanan,...

  6. Computer Defeats Video Game System in #EnergyFaceoff Round One...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    correctly? Try again next week during EnergyFaceoff round two: hair dryer vs. upright vacuum If you're a gamer, you likely have a preference for the computer or a dedicated video...

  7. The Huge, Blue, Jesus Glass Statue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robbins, Joanna

    2013-01-01

    Later, I found a huge, blue, glass statue of Jesus stuffedOF CALIFORNIA RIVERSIDE The Huge, Blue, Jesus Glass Statue Aeyes as RED And wrote down BLUE for your hair. I had to fix

  8. Blue-green algae Flagellates Rotifers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    birds. The mouth is large with many large and hair-like teeth. Northern Pike (Esox lucius drum (Aplodinotus grunniens). Gets its name from the odd grunting noises produced by muscles vibrating

  9. Demonstrate the principle by which lightning occurs by taking advantage of water's polarization properties.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Cari

    's polarization properties. Difficulty / Time Commitment: 2 out of 10 Coolness Factor: 7 out of 10 Materials: · plastic comb · sink Instructions: 1. Rub the comb through your hair several times. 2. Run a steady, narrow

  10. 10/1/2014 Micro-windmill research encourages innovation -The Shorthorn : News http://www.theshorthorn.com/news/micro-windmill-research-encourages-innovation/article_d477da18-48fb-11e4-a7ee-001a4bcf6878.html?mode=print 1/2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    microns and a diameter of 1.8 millimeters, the micro-windmill has the potential capacity to power cellphones and wireless sensors in ways solar energy cannot. The diameter of a strand of human hair is about

  11. Precision and reliability of cochlear nerve response in mice lacking functional synaptic ribbons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buran, Bradley N. (Bradley Nicholas)

    2009-01-01

    Synaptic ribbons are electron-dense structures surrounded by vesicles and anchored to the presynaptic membrane of photoreceptors, retinal bipolar cells and hair cells. Ribbon synapses are characterized by sustained exocytosis ...

  12. Microfluidic Systems Integrated Microfluidic Systems**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ismagilov, Rustem F.

    Microfluidic Systems Integrated Microfluidic Systems** Rustem F. Ismagilov* Keywords: analytical methods · enzymes · microfluidics · microreactors · protein structures Microfluidic systems use networks of channels thinner than a human hair to manipulate nanoliter volumes of re- agents. The goal of microfluidics

  13. MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 749, pp. 17, 3 figs. Zapus princeps. By E. Blake Hart, Mark C. Belk, Eralee Jordan, and Malinda W. Gonzalez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayssen, Virginia

    hair of Z. hud- sonius and Z. trinotatus appears simultaneously on anterior dorsal surface of nose, the length of Z. hud- sonius (188­216 mm) is less than and overlaps little with Z. prin- ceps. Diameter

  14. DuPont Technology Breaks Away From Glass

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Delaware-based DuPont is working to develop ultra-thin moisture protective films for photovoltaic panels — so thin they’re about 1,000 times thinner than a human hair.

  15. Chapter 16 -Laboratory Safety (Includes any area where hazardous chemicals are used or stored.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    . Use hose keepers on water condenser lines. Personal Protection, Clothing, and Hair 8. Be sure all and polished or discarded. #12;58 18. Always use a lubricant (e.g., water, glycerol) when inserting glass

  16. Hemp dogbane Apocynum cannabinum L.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - turity to release small, spindle-shaped seeds, each with a tuft of long, silky hairs that aid in wind a milky sap when damaged. Flowers and fruit Small, white to greenish white, bell-shaped flowers are found

  17. Pigmentation and the cutaneous response to ultraviolet radiation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Terence Hawkin

    2009-01-01

    Variation in pigmentation of hair and skin is one of the most striking forms of human diversity. Human pigmentation and sun sensitivity is a complex trait. The melanocortin 1 receptor gene (MC1R) (OMIM 15555) has been ...

  18. Probiotic Bacteria Induce a ‘Glow of Health’

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levkovich, Tatiana

    Radiant skin and hair are universally recognized as indications of good health. However, this ‘glow of health’ display remains poorly understood. We found that feeding of probiotic bacteria to aged mice induced integumentary ...

  19. Page 1 of 4 UTSC Biological Waste Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Hue Sun

    and bodily fluids, but excluding fluids, extracted teeth, hair, nail clippings and the like of via the laboratory drainage system. Flush with sufficient clean water to purge the drain immediately

  20. Do ATMs have to have steps? V.S. Sunder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sunder, V S

    was ready. Her faith in IT - as well as the human face of commerce - received a nasty blow when with steps, and the attendant glass swing door was the hair on the camel's back! Unfortunately, this kind

  1. Evo-Devo of amniote integuments and appendages PING WU1, LIANHAI HOU2, MAKSIM PLIKUS1, MICHAEL HUGHES1, JEFFREY SCEHNET1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuong, Cheng-Ming

    Evo-Devo of amniote integuments and appendages PING WU1, LIANHAI HOU2, MAKSIM PLIKUS1, MICHAEL. Models on the evolution of feathers and hairs from reptile integuments are discussed. A hypothetical Evo

  2. A low-power cochlear implant system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Michael W. (Michael Warren), 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Cochlear implants, or bionic ears, restore hearing to the profoundly deaf by bypassing missing inner-ear hair cells in the cochlea and electrically stimulating the auditory nerve. For miniaturized cochlear implants, including ...

  3. 22 natural history November 2012 By Cheryl Lyn Dybas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Rodney J.

    are a slippery mulch. Briars tangle in my hair as I trip down a narrow, root-lined path. Somewhere of saw-whet owl hoots playing in covered plastic buckets beneath the mist nets. The repetitive tooting

  4. Observer error in identifying species using indirect signs: analysis of a river otter track survey technique 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jonah Wy

    2007-09-17

    Indirect signs of species presence (e.g., tracks, scats, hairs) are frequently used to detect target species in occupancy, presence/absence, and other wildlife studies. Indirect signs are often more efficient than direct ...

  5. Deformation of a free interface pierced by a tilted cylinder variation of the contact angle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Simon

    shape where it meets the cylinder. Keywords: interface, surface tension, cylinder, energy minimization 1 and cleaning [5, 6, 7], the assembly of hairs, car- bon nanotubes and biological filaments [8, 9, 10, 11, 12 the new minimum area configuration o

  6. How Protein Materials Balance Strength, Robustness And Adaptability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buehler, Markus J.

    Proteins form the basis of a wide range of biological materials such as hair, skin, bone, spider silk, or cells, which play an important role in providing key functions to biological systems. The focus of this article is ...

  7. Novel endoscopes for microscopic assessment of airway clearance using micro-optical coherence tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unglert, Carolin Isabella

    2015-01-01

    The health of the human respiratory system depends critically on airway clearance via motile hair-like structures (cilia), which transport and eliminate unwanted particles trapped within mucus. Impairment of mucociliary ...

  8. Inner Ear Sensory Epithelia Development and Regulation in Zebrafish 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweet, Elly Mae

    2011-10-21

    of interconnected chambers, each with a sensory epithelium comprised of hair cells and support cells for detection of sound and motion. This dissertation focuses on the development and regulation of sensory epithelia in zebrafish and utilizes loss of function..., gain of function and laser ablation techniques. Hair cells and support cells develop from an equivalence group specified by proneural genes encoding bHLH transcription factors. The vertebrate Atoh1 bHLH transciption factor is a potential candidate...

  9. Cosmology and fundamental physics with the Euclid satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luca Amendola; Stephen Appleby; David Bacon; Tessa Baker; Marco Baldi; Nicola Bartolo; Alain Blanchard; Camille Bonvin; Stefano Borgani; Enzo Branchini; Clare Burrage; Stefano Camera; Carmelita Carbone; Luciano Casarini; Mark Cropper; Claudia deRham; Cinzia di Porto; Anne Ealet; Pedro G. Ferreira; Fabio Finelli; Juan Garcia-Bellido; Tommaso Giannantonio; Luigi Guzzo; Alan Heavens; Lavinia Heisenberg; Catherine Heymans; Henk Hoekstra; Lukas Hollenstein; Rory Holmes; Ole Horst; Knud Jahnke; Thomas D. Kitching; Tomi Koivisto; Martin Kunz; Giuseppe La Vacca; Marisa March; Elisabetta Majerotto; Katarina Markovic; David Marsh; Federico Marulli; Richard Massey; Yannick Mellier; David F. Mota; Nelson Nunes; Will Percival; Valeria Pettorino; Cristiano Porciani; Claudia Quercellini; Justin Read; Massimiliano Rinaldi; Domenico Sapone; Roberto Scaramella; Constantinos Skordis; Fergus Simpson; Andy Taylor; Shaun Thomas; Roberto Trotta; Licia Verde; Filippo Vernizzi; Adrian Vollmer; Yun Wang; Jochen Weller; Tom Zlosnik

    2015-10-22

    Euclid is a European Space Agency medium class mission selected for launch in 2019 within the Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 programme. The main goal of Euclid is to understand the origin of the accelerated expansion of the Universe. Euclid will explore the expansion history of the Universe and the evolution of cosmic structures by measuring shapes and redshifts of galaxies as well as the distribution of clusters of galaxies over a large fraction of the sky. Although the main driver for Euclid is the nature of dark energy, Euclid science covers a vast range of topics, from cosmology to galaxy evolution to planetary research. In this review we focus on cosmology and fundamental physics, with a strong emphasis on science beyond the current standard models. We discuss five broad topics: dark energy and modified gravity, dark matter, initial conditions, basic assumptions and questions of methodology in the data analysis. This review has been planned and carried out within Euclid's Theory Working Group and is meant to provide a guide to the scientific themes that will underlie the activity of the group during the preparation of the Euclid mission.

  10. Interim report of the Advisory Committee on human radiation experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-10-21

    The Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments was created by President Clinton to advise the Human Radiation Interagency Working Group on the ethical and scientific criteria applicable to human radiation experiments carried out or sponsored by the U.S. Government. The Committee seeks to answer several fundamental question: What ethics criteria should be used to evaluate human radiation experiments? What was the Federal Government`s role in human radiation experiments? What are the criteria for determining appropriate Federal responses where wrongs or harms have occurred? What lessons learned from studying past and present research standards and practices should be applied to the future? The Committee has been gathering vast amounts of information and working to render it orderly and accessible. In the next six months, the Committee will continue with the tasks of data gathering and organizing. The focus of the work, however, will be developing criteria for judging historical and contemporary experiments, policies, and procedures, as well as criteria for remedies that may be appropriate where harms or wrongs have ocurred. Based on findings, the Committee will make specific recommendations regarding policies for the future.

  11. Our Next Two Steps for Fukushima Daiichi Muon Tomography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miyadera, Haruo

    2012-04-11

    After the vast disasters caused by the great earthquake and tsunami in eastern Japan, we proposed applying our Muon Tomography (MT) technique to help and improve the emergency situation at Fukushima Daiichi using cosmic-ray muons. A reactor-tomography team was formed at LANL which was supported by the Laboratory as a response to a request by the former Japanese Prime Minister, Naoto Kan. Our goal is to help the Japanese people and support remediation of the reactors. At LANL, we have carried out a proof-of-principle technical demonstration and simulation studies that established the feasibility of MT to image a reactor core. This proposal covers the next two critical steps for Fukushima Daiichi Muon Imaging: (1) undertake case study mock-up experiments of Fukushima Daiichi, and (2) system optimization. We requested funding to the US and Japanese government to assess damage of reactors at Fukushima Daiichi. The two steps will bring our project to the 'ready-to-go' level.

  12. Uncovering Randomness and Success in Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jalan, Sarika; Madhusudanan, Anagha; Dwivedi, Sanjiv Kumar

    2014-01-01

    An understanding of how individuals shape and impact the evolution of society is vastly limited due to the unavailability of large-scale reliable datasets that can simultaneously capture information regarding individual movements and social interactions. We believe that the popular Indian film industry, 'Bollywood', can provide a social network apt for such a study. Bollywood provides massive amounts of real, unbiased data that spans more than 100 years, and hence this network has been used as a model for the present paper. The nodes which maintain a moderate degree or widely cooperate with the other nodes of the network tend to be more fit (measured as the success of the node in the industry) in comparison to the other nodes. The analysis carried forth in the current work, using a conjoined framework of complex network theory and random matrix theory, aims to quantify the elements that determine the fitness of an individual node and the factors that contribute to the robustness of a network. The authors of t...

  13. Software Use in Astronomy: an Informal Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Momcheva, Ivelina

    2015-01-01

    We report on an informal survey about the use of software in the worldwide astronomical community. The survey was carried out between December 2014 and February 2015, collecting responses from 1142 astronomers, spanning all career levels. We find that all participants use software in their research. The vast majority of participants, 90%, write at least some of their own software. Even though writing software is so wide-spread among the survey participants, only 8% of them report that they have received substantial training in software development. Another 49% of the participants have received "little" training. The remaining 43% have received no training. We also find that astronomers' software stack is fairly narrow. The 10 most popular tools among astronomers are (from most to least popular): Python, shell scripting, IDL, C/C++, Fortran, IRAF, spreadsheets, HTML/CSS, SQL and Supermongo. Across all participants the most common programing language is Python ($67\\pm 2\\%$), followed by IDL ($44\\pm 2\\%$), C/C++...

  14. Environmental impact of alternative fuel on Tehran air pollution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebtekar, T. [Univ. of Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of). College of Engineering

    1995-12-31

    Seventy percent of the air pollution in the city of Tehran stems from mobile sources, and in comparison with other major cities of the world, Iran`s capital experiences one of the most polluted metropolitan areas. There exists a surplus of liquid petroleum gas (LPG) in the Persian Gulf and Iranian market, in addition, Iran possesses the second largest reservoir of natural gas in the world. These alternative energy resources create a favorable potential fuel for city of Tehran. Experiments carried out in Tehran indicate that in converting the taxis from gasoline to a dual fuel (LPG/gasoline) car or to a dual fuel natural gas vehicle (NGV) reduce all major pollutants (CO, HC, NOX, Pb) substantially. Following the author`s recommendation, the number of LPG dispensing units in gas stations are increasing and the number of dual fuel taxis amount to several thousands in the metropolitan area. The conversion of diesel buses in the Tehran Public Transportation Corporation to natural gas (NGV) has been recommended by the author and vast experimental works are underway at the present time.

  15. A Report to Congress on Long-Term Stewardship. Volume I - Summary Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2001-01-01

    During World War II and the Cold War, the Federal government developed and operated a vast network of industrial facilities for the research, production, and testing of nuclear weapons, as well as for other scientific and engineering research. These processes left a legacy of radioactive and chemical waste, environmental contamination, and hazardous facilities and materials at well over a 100 sites in 30 States and one U.S. Territory. Hundreds of thousands of acres of residually contaminated soils, contaminated groundwater, surface water and sediment contamination, and contaminated buildings are present at many sites across the country. These sites range in size from less than one acre, containing only a single facility, to large sites spanning over 100,000 acres with huge uranium enrichment plants and plutonium processing canyons. Since 1989, the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Environmental Management (EM) program has made significant progress in addressing this environmental legacy. Millions of cubic meters of waste have been removed, stabilized, or disposed of, resulting in significant risk and cost reduction. In addition, DOE began disposing of transuranic (i.e., plutonium-contaminated) waste in the nation’s first deep geologic repository – the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in New Mexico. DOE is now carrying out its long-term stewardship obligations at dozens of sites, including smaller sites where DOE has completed cleanup work for the entire site and many larger sites where DOE has remediated portions of the site.

  16. A Report to Congress on Long-Term Stewardship. Volume II, Site Summaries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2001-01-01

    During World War II and the Cold War, the Federal government developed and operated a vast network of industrial facilities for the research, production, and testing of nuclear weapons, as well as for other scientific and engineering research. These processes left a legacy of radioactive and chemical waste, environmental contamination, and hazardous facilities and materials at well over a 100 sites in 30 States and one U.S. Territory. Hundreds of thousand of acres of residually contaminated soils, contaminated groundwater, surface water and sediment contamination, and contaminated buildings are present at many sites across the country. These sites range in size from less than one acre, containing only a single facility, to large sites spanning over 100,000 acres with huge uranium enrichment plants and plutonium processing canyons. Since 1989, the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Environmental Management (EM) program has made significant progress in addressing this environmental legacy. Millions of cubic meters of waste have been removed, stabilized, or disposed of, resulting in significant risk and cost reduction. In addition, DOE began disposing of transuranic (i.e., plutonium-contaminated) waste in the nation’s first deep geologic repository – the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in New Mexico. DOE is now carrying out its long-term stewardship obligations at dozens of sites, including smaller sites where DOE has completed cleanup work for the entire site and many larger sites where DOE has remediated portions of the site.

  17. Generalized liquid crystals: giant fluctuations and the vestigial chiral order of $I$, $O$ and $T$ matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ke Liu; Jaakko Nissinen; Robert-Jan Slager; Kai Wu; Jan Zaanen

    2015-12-29

    The physics of nematic liquid crystals has been subject of research since late 19th century. However, because of the limitations of chemistry the focus has been nearly entirely on uni- and biaxial nematics formed from "rod-" and "plate-like" molecules. In view of general symmetries, these are nonetheless singularly special since nematic order can in principle involve any point group symmetry. Given the progress in tailoring nano particles with particular shapes and interactions, this vast family of "generalized nematics" might become accessible in the laboratory. Little is known since the order parameter theories associated with the highly symmetric point groups are remarkably complicated, involving tensor order parameters of high rank. Here we show that the generic features of the statistical physics of such systems can be studied in a highly flexible and efficient fashion using a mathematical tool borrowed from high energy physics: discrete non-Abelian gauge theory. We find that the most symmetrical "generalized nematics" are subjected to thermal fluctuations of unprecedented severity. As a result, novel forms of fluctuation phenomena become possible: we demonstrate that a vestigial phase carrying no more than chiral order becomes ubiquitous departing from high point group symmetry chiral building blocks.

  18. A New Fate of a Warped 5D FRW Model with a U(1) Scalar Gauge Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reinoud Jan Slagter; Supriya Pan

    2015-03-30

    If we live on the weak brane with zero effective cosmological constant in a warped 5D bulk spacetime, gravitational waves and brane fluctuations can be generated by a part of the 5D Weyl tensor and carries information of the gravitational field outside the brane. We consider on a cylindrical symmetric warped FRW background the U(1) self-gravitating scalar-gauge field without bulk matter. It turns out that "branons" can be formed dynamically, due to the modified energy-momentum tensor components of the cosmic string. As a result, we find that the late-time behavior could be significant deviate from the standard evolution of the universe. The effect is triggered by the time-dependent warp factor, of the form $\\sqrt{ae^{\\tau t}+be^{-\\tau t}}$ and the modified brane equations, comparable with a dark energy effect. This is a brane-world mechanism, not present is standard 4D FRW, where the large disturbances are rapidly damped as the expansion proceed. Because gravity can propagate in the bulk, the cosmic string can build up a huge angle deficit (or mass per unit length) by the warp factor. Disturbances in the spatial components of the stress-energy tensor cause cylindrical symmetric waves, amplified due to the presence of the bulk space and warpfactor. This long range effect could also explain the recently found spooky alignment of quasars in vast structures in the cosmic web.

  19. Cosmology and fundamental physics with the Euclid satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luca Amendola; Stephen Appleby; David Bacon; Tessa Baker; Marco Baldi; Nicola Bartolo; Alain Blanchard; Camille Bonvin; Stefano Borgani; Enzo Branchini; Clare Burrage; Stefano Camera; Carmelita Carbone; Luciano Casarini; Mark Cropper; Claudia deRham; Cinzia di Porto; Anne Ealet; Pedro G. Ferreira; Fabio Finelli; Juan Garcia-Bellido; Tommaso Giannantonio; Luigi Guzzo; Alan Heavens; Lavinia Heisenberg; Catherine Heymans; Henk Hoekstra; Lukas Hollenstein; Rory Holmes; Ole Horst; Knud Jahnke; Thomas D. Kitching; Tomi Koivisto; Martin Kunz; Giuseppe La Vacca; Marisa March; Elisabetta Majerotto; Katarina Markovic; David Marsh; Federico Marulli; Richard Massey; Yannick Mellier; David F. Mota; Nelson Nunes; Will Percival; Valeria Pettorino; Cristiano Porciani; Claudia Quercellini; Justin Read; Massimiliano Rinaldi; Domenico Sapone; Roberto Scaramella; Constantinos Skordis; Fergus Simpson; Andy Taylor; Shaun Thomas; Roberto Trotta; Licia Verde; Filippo Vernizzi; Adrian Vollmer; Yun Wang; Jochen Weller; Tom Zlosnik

    2012-06-06

    Euclid is a European Space Agency medium class mission selected for launch in 2019 within the Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 programme. The main goal of Euclid is to understand the origin of the accelerated expansion of the Universe. Euclid will explore the expansion history of the Universe and the evolution of cosmic structures by measuring shapes and redshifts of galaxies as well as the distribution of clusters of galaxies over a large fraction of the sky. Although the main driver for Euclid is the nature of dark energy, Euclid science covers a vast range of topics, from cosmology to galaxy evolution to planetary research. In this review we focus on cosmology and fundamental physics, with a strong emphasis on science beyond the current standard models. We discuss five broad topics: dark energy and modified gravity, dark matter, initial conditions, basic assumptions and questions of methodology in the data analysis. This review has been planned and carried out within Euclid's Theory Working Group and is meant to provide a guide to the scientific themes that will underlie the activity of the group during the preparation of the Euclid mission.

  20. Dust Acoustic Solitons in the Dusty Plasma of the Earth's Ionosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kopnin, S.I.; Kosarev, I.N.; Popel, S.I.; Yu, M.Y.

    2005-03-15

    Stratified structures that are observed at heights of 80-95 km in the lower part of the Earth's ionosphere are known as noctilucent clouds and polar mesosphere summer echoes. These structures are thought to be associated with the presence of vast amounts of charged dust or aerosols. The layers in the lower ionosphere where there are substantial amounts of dust are called the dusty ionosphere. The dust grains can carry a positive or a negative charge, depending on their constituent materials. As a rule, the grains are ice crystals, which may contain metallic inclusions. A grain with a sufficiently large metallic content can acquire a positive charge. Crystals of pure ice are charged negatively. The distribution of the dust grains over their charges has a profound impact on the ionizational and other properties of dust structures in the dusty ionosphere. In the present paper, a study is made of the effect of the sign of the dust charge on the properties of dust acoustic solitons propagating in the dusty ionosphere. It is shown that, when the dust charge is positive, dust acoustic solitons correspond to a hill in the electron density and a well in the ion density. When the dust is charged negatively, the situation is opposite. These differences in the properties of dust acoustic solitons can be used to diagnose the plasmas of noctilucent clouds and polar mesosphere summer echoes.

  1. Proceedings of the Neural Network Workshop for the Hanford Community

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keller, P.E.

    1994-01-01

    These proceedings were generated from a series of presentations made at the Neural Network Workshop for the Hanford Community. The abstracts and viewgraphs of each presentation are reproduced in these proceedings. This workshop was sponsored by the Computing and Information Sciences Department in the Molecular Science Research Center (MSRC) at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). Artificial neural networks constitute a new information processing technology that is destined within the next few years, to provide the world with a vast array of new products. A major reason for this is that artificial neural networks are able to provide solutions to a wide variety of complex problems in a much simpler fashion than is possible using existing techniques. In recognition of these capabilities, many scientists and engineers are exploring the potential application of this new technology to their fields of study. An artificial neural network (ANN) can be a software simulation, an electronic circuit, optical system, or even an electro-chemical system designed to emulate some of the brain`s rudimentary structure as well as some of the learning processes that are believed to take place in the brain. For a very wide range of applications in science, engineering, and information technology, ANNs offer a complementary and potentially superior approach to that provided by conventional computing and conventional artificial intelligence. This is because, unlike conventional computers, which have to be programmed, ANNs essentially learn from experience and can be trained in a straightforward fashion to carry out tasks ranging from the simple to the highly complex.

  2. Probing Dark Energy with Black Hole Binaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laura Mersini-Houghton; Adam Kelleher

    2008-08-25

    The equation of state (EoS) of dark energy $w$ remains elusive despite enormous experimental efforts to pin down its value and its time variation. Yet it is the single most important handle we have in our understanding of one of the most mysterious puzzle in nature, dark energy. This letter proposes a new method for measuring the EoS of dark energy by using the gravitational waves (GW) of black hole binaries. The method described here offers an alternative to the standard way of large scale surveys. It is well known that the mass of a black hole changes due to the accretion of dark energy but at an extremely slow rate. However, a binary of supermassive black holes (SBH) radiates gravitational waves with a power proportional to the masses of these accreting stars and thereby carries information on dark energy. These waves can propagate through the vastness of structure in the universe unimpeded. The orbital changes of the binary, induced by the energy loss from gravitational radiation, receive a large contribution from dark energy accretion. This contribution is directly proportional to $(1+w)$ and is dominant for SBH binaries with separation $R \\ge 1000$ parsec, thereby accelerating the merging process for $w > -1$ or ripping the stars apart for phantom dark energy with $w < -1$. Such orbital changes, therefore $w$, can be detected with LIGO and LISA near merging time, or with X-ray and radio measurements of Chandra and VLBA experiments.

  3. Laboratory for Computational Cultural Dynamics: Using Technology to Understand Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    Laboratory for Computational Cultural Dynamics: Using Technology to Understand Culture Can Internet (OASYS) sifts through vast digital archives of online newspapers, blogs, and news groups to gauge (OASYS) sifts through vast digital archives of online newspapers, blogs, and news groups to gauge

  4. Playa basin development, southern High Plains, Texas and New Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustavson, T.C. (Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)); Holliday, V.T. (Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States))

    1992-01-01

    More than 20,000 playa basins have formed on fine-grained eolian sediments of the Quaternary Blackwater Draw and Tertiary Ogallala Formations on the High Plains of TX and NM. Numerous hypotheses have been proposed for the development of playa basins: (1) subsidence due to dissolution of underlying Permian bedded salt, (2) dissolution of soil carbonate and piping of clastic sediment into the subsurface, (3) animal activity, and (4) deflation. Evidence of eolian processes includes lee dunes and straightened shorelines on the eastern and southern margins of many playas. Lee dunes, which occur on the eastern side of ca 15% of playa basins and contain sediment deflated from adjacent playas, are cresentic to oval in plain view and typically account for 15--40% of the volume of the playa basin. Quaternary fossil biotas and buried calcic soils indicate that grasslands and semi-arid to aid climatic conditions prevailed as these basins formed. Evidence of fluviolacustrine processes in playa basins includes centripetal drainage leading to fan deltas at playa margins and preserved deltaic and lacustrine sediments. Playa basins expanded as fluvial processes eroded basin slopes and carried sediment to the basin floor where, during periods of minimal vegetation cover, loose sediment was removed by deflation. Other processes that played secondary roles in the development of certain playa basins include subsidence induced by dissolution of deeply buried Permian salt, dissolution of soil carbonate and piping, and animal activity. Two small lake basins in Gray County, TX, occur above strata affected by dissolution-induced subsidence. Dissolution of soil carbonate was observed in exposures and cores of strata underlying playa basins. Cattle, and in the past vast numbers of migrating buffalo, destroy soil crusts in dry playas, making these sediments more susceptible to deflation, and carry sediment out of flooded playas on their hooves.

  5. Probing properties of hot and dense QCD matter with heavy flavor in the PHENIX experiment at RHIC

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Nouicer, Rachid

    2015-05-29

    Hadrons carrying heavy quarks, i.e. charm or bottom, are important probes of the hot and dense medium created in relativistic heavy ion collisions. Heavy quark-antiquark pairs are mainly produced in initial hard scattering processes of partons. While some of the produced pairs form bound quarkonia, the vast majority hadronize into particles carrying open heavy flavor. Heavy quark production has been studied by the PHENIX experiment at RHIC via measurements of single leptons from semi-leptonic decays in both the electron channel at mid-rapidity and in the muon channel at forward rapidity. A large suppression and azimuthal anisotropy of single electrons havemore »been observed in Au + Au collisions at 200 GeV. These results suggest a large energy loss and flow of heavy quarks in the hot, dense matter. The PHENIX experiment has also measured J/? production at 200 GeV in p + p, d + Au, Cu + Cu and Au + Au collisions, both at mid- and forward-rapidities, and additionally Cu + Au and U + U at forward-rapidities. In the most energetic collisions, more suppression is observed at forward rapidity than at central rapidity. This can be interpreted either as a sign of quark recombination, or as a hint of additional cold nuclear matter effects. The centrality dependence of nuclear modification factor, RAA(pT), for J/? in U + U collisions at ?sNN = 193 GeV shows a similar trend to the lighter systems, Au + Au and Cu + Cu, at similar energy 200 GeV.« less

  6. Glutathione enzyme and selenoprotein polymorphisms associate with mercury biomarker levels in Michigan dental professionals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodrich, Jaclyn M.; Wang, Yi [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)] [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Gillespie, Brenda [Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)] [Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Werner, Robert [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States) [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan, 325 E. Eisenhower Parkway Suite 100, Ann Arbor, MI 48108 (United States); Franzblau, Alfred [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)] [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Basu, Niladri, E-mail: niladri@umich.edu [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)] [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

    2011-12-15

    Mercury is a potent toxicant of concern to both the general public and occupationally exposed workers (e.g., dentists). Recent studies suggest that several genes mediating the toxicokinetics of mercury are polymorphic in humans and may influence inter-individual variability in mercury accumulation. This work hypothesizes that polymorphisms in key glutathione synthesizing enzyme, glutathione s-transferase, and selenoprotein genes underlie inter-individual differences in mercury body burden as assessed by analytical mercury measurement in urine and hair, biomarkers of elemental mercury and methylmercury, respectively. Urine and hair samples were collected from a population of dental professionals (n = 515), and total mercury content was measured. Average urine (1.06 {+-} 1.24 ug/L) and hair mercury levels (0.49 {+-} 0.63 ug/g) were similar to national U.S. population averages. Taqman assays were used to genotype DNA from buccal swab samples at 15 polymorphic sites in genes implicated in mercury metabolism. Linear regression modeling assessed the ability of polymorphisms to modify the relationship between mercury biomarker levels and exposure sources (e.g., amalgams, fish consumption). Five polymorphisms were significantly associated with urine mercury levels (GSTT1 deletion), hair mercury levels (GSTP1-105, GSTP1-114, GSS 5 Prime ), or both (SEPP1 3 Prime UTR). Overall, this study suggests that polymorphisms in selenoproteins and glutathione-related genes may influence elimination of mercury in the urine and hair or mercury retention following exposures to elemental mercury (via dental amalgams) and methylmercury (via fish consumption). -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We explore the influence of 15 polymorphisms on urine and hair Hg levels. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Urine and hair Hg levels in dental professionals were similar to the US population. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer GSTT1 and SEPP1 polymorphisms associated with urine Hg levels. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Accumulation of Hg in hair following exposure from fish was modified by genotype. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer GSTP1, GSS, and SEPP1 polymorphisms influenced Hg accumulation in hair.

  7. Introduction of a methoxymethyl side chain into p-phenylenediamine attenuates its sensitizing potency and reduces the risk of allergy induction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goebel, Carsten; Troutman, John; Hennen, Jenny; Rothe, Helga; Schlatter, Harald; Gerberick, G. Frank; Blömeke, Brunhilde

    2014-02-01

    The strong sensitizing potencies of the most important primary intermediates of oxidative hair dyes, p-phenylenediamine (PPD) and p-toluylenediamine (PTD, i.e. 2-methyl-PPD) are well established. They are considered as the key sensitizers in hair dye allergic contact dermatitis. While modification of their molecular structure is expected to alter their sensitizing properties, it may also impair their color performance. With introduction of a methoxymethyl side chain we found the primary intermediate 2-methoxymethyl-p-phenylenediamine (ME-PPD) with excellent hair coloring performance but significantly reduced sensitizing properties compared to PPD and PTD: In vitro, ME-PPD showed an attenuated innate immune response when analyzed for its protein reactivity and dendritic cell activation potential. In vivo, the effective concentration of ME-PPD necessary to induce an immune response 3-fold above vehicle control (EC3 value) in the local lymph node assay (LLNA) was 4.3%, indicating a moderate skin sensitizing potency compared to values of 0.1 and 0.17% for PPD and PTD, respectively. Finally, assessing the skin sensitizing potency of ME-PPD under consumer hair dye usage conditions through a quantitative risk assessment (QRA) indicated an allergy induction risk negligible compared to PPD or PTD. - Highlights: • Methoxymethyl side chain in p-phenylenediamine reduces its strong skin sensitizing properties. • Reduced protein reactivity and dendritic cell activation. • Reduced skin sensitizing potency in local lymph node assay (LLNA). • Negligible allergy induction risk under hair dye usage conditions.

  8. EXTENDED-RANGE PROBABILISTIC FORECASTS OF GANGES AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Peter J.

    of the largest rivers on the planet emanate from the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalayas (Fig. 1a), fed by glacial and snow melting and monsoon rainfall. Nearly 25% of the global popu- lation reside in the vast agrarian

  9. The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The British Computer Society. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eliassen, Frank

    ; revised 6 November 2010 Handling editor: Ahmed Al-Dubai 1. INTRODUCTION Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are a rapidly emerging research area because of their vast application vistas in real- world environments

  10. Engineered bidirectional communication mediates a consensus in a microbial biofilm consortium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Frances H.

    biofilms, and vast reaches of the earth are coated in these living films. In many cases, the microorganisms (16) found in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an opportunistic pathogen that forms a biofilm in the lungs

  11. Eur. Phys. J. B 78, 235243 (2010) DOI: 10.1140/epjb/e2010-10046-8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    characterized by a distinct set of model parameters. There is a vast literature on regime switching models [1 traffic); geological data and seismic signal processing (appearance of tsunamis and earthquakes

  12. Capturing Process Knowledge for Facility Deactivation and Decommissioning

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Environmental Management (EM) is responsible for the disposition of a vast number of facilities at numerous sites around the country which have been declared excess to current mission...

  13. Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors and sub-10-nm lithography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Joel K. (Joel Kwang wei)

    2009-01-01

    Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) are useful in applications such as free-space optical communications to achieve high-speed data transfer across vast distances with minimum transmission power. In ...

  14. Contributions of metabotropic glutamate receptors to the pathophysiology of autism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auerbach, Benjamin D. (Benjamin David)

    2013-01-01

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex and heterogeneous disorder, and in the vast majority of cases the etiology is unknown. However, there are many syndromes of known genetic origin that have a high incidence of ...

  15. Fact #846: November 10, 2014 Trucks Move 70% of all Freight by...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    by Weight and 74% of Freight by Value According to the preliminary 2012 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) data, trucks transport the vast majority of freight by both weight and...

  16. Development and validation of standard classroom observation systems for school practitioners: Ecobehavioral Assessment Systems Software (EBASS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenwood, Charles R.; Carta, Judith J.; Kamps, Debra; Terry, Barbara; Delquadri, Joseph

    1994-01-01

    The development and validation of Ecobehavioral Assessment Systems Software (EBASS), a computer-assisted observational system for school practitioners, are described. Portable computers, used to support observational assessment, vastly improve...

  17. Development and verification of a numerical simulator to calculate the bottom hole flowing pressures in multiphase systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasool, Syed Ahmed

    1994-01-01

    A vast amount of research has been conducted on the subject of pressure drop in muldphase flow systems. The simulator developed for this research incorporates the Beggs and Brill model for pressure drop prediction with an ...

  18. A Semantic-based Workflow Choreography for Integrated Sensing and Processing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen-Burger, Y-H; Lin, F-P

    Real-time automatic and continuous information gathering through EcoGrid offers an unique and immense opportunity for long term ecological monitoring and planning. However, the vast amount of raw data gathered must be ...

  19. Optical properties of deep-earth minerals 1 Optical properties of deep-earth minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobsen, Steven D.

    mantle contains vast amounts of rock, extending from just beneath the 660-km seismic dis- continuity, all semiconductors, insulating enough to pro- mote convective heat transfer from the core, but heat conduction

  20. *HEAB4ALEAM Modern Physics Letters B, Vol. 22, No. 2 (2008) 7399

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Robin

    2008-01-01

    ) and an insulating state (strong or Anderson localization1 ) where transport is suppressed and waves exist inside for a vast va- riety of wave-scatterer systems: seismic waves in the earth crust,2 acoustic waves,3

  1. Thermal Insulating Concrete Wall Panel Design for Sustainable Built Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Ao

    Air-conditioning system plays a significant role in providing users a thermally comfortable indoor environment, which is a necessity in modern buildings. In order to save the vast energy consumed by air-conditioning system, ...

  2. Improved Battery Models of an Aggregation of Thermostatically Controlled Loads for Frequency Regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanandaji, Borhan M.

    Integration and Regulating Reserve Service Vast and deep integration of renewable energy resources into the existing power grid is essential in achieving the envi- sioned sustainable energy future. Environmental, stochasticity, and intermittency characteristics of renewable energies, however, present challenges

  3. Transforming the "world factory" : designing for a [post]industrial Shenzhen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zou, Mingxi

    2014-01-01

    China has been known as the "world factory" ever since it opened up to the global economy. This has led to a vastly sprawled, monotonous industrial urbanism, where urban environment has become a spatial product rather than ...

  4. Containers : project for a new urbanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghasemkhani, Yashar

    2011-01-01

    This project investigates the possibilities of a new urbanism in vast territories of urban industrial and logistics landscapes, which have become a significant feature of the American city. It is a search for a hybrid ...

  5. Optimization of Air Conditioning Cycling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seshadri, Swarooph

    2012-10-19

    Systems based on the vapor compression cycle are the most widely used in a variety of air conditioning applications. Despite the vast growth of modern control systems in the field of air conditioning systems, industry standard control is still...

  6. Architecting a family of space tugs based on orbital transfer mission scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galabova, Kalina K., 1976-

    2004-01-01

    The consequences of satellite misplacement or collision with space debris reach far beyond the realm of money. The vast number of people affected by the loss of just one spacecraft indicates the vulnerability of our society ...

  7. Strategies for combinatorial development of siRNA conjugate delivery systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanasty, Rosemary L

    2015-01-01

    RNA interference (RNAi), which can reversibly silence the expression of any gene, has vast potential as a therapeutic to treat many diseases. A wide variety of small interfering RNA (siRNA) delivery systems has been studied, ...

  8. Antimicrobial peptides: structure, function and resistance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vargues, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    Higher eukaryotes produce a vast range of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) that play important roles in their defence against microbial infection. Beta defensins are small (3-5 kDa), cationic peptides that display broad, ...

  9. Economist.com Monday October 8th 2001 denotes premium content | Log in | Free registration | Help

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and vastly more energy-efficient PEOPLE have become accustomed to thinking of artificial intelligence, such as object recognition or navigation, this new breed of "neuromorphic engineers" builds machines that work

  10. Finnish dependency on Russian energy – an energy security risk or a push towards more sustainable energy forms? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mattila, Sanna A.

    Energy security has been a crucial concept in recent years, as an increasing demand for energy has resulted in many countries importing vast amounts of energy resources in order to satisfy growing demand. The purpose of ...

  11. RISK COMPLEX : preparing the body for new hardware

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voiland, Luke (Luke A.)

    2008-01-01

    Today's citizen navigates a vast society engaged in the explicit of wealth and implicit creation of risks. Each transaction inhere es both wealth and risk within the system. In 1986 Utrich Beck explanation for this emerging ...

  12. Introduction Running, flying and swimming occur in very different

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marden, James

    . Not surprisingly then, the mechanics of moving a body on legs that contact solid ground are vastly different from of the principle that flow systems evolve in such a way that they destroy minimum useful energy (exergy, food

  13. Operation of Energy-Efficient Air-Conditioned Buildings: An Overview 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khalil, E. E.

    2010-01-01

    , but also to provide a complete database of the airflow characteristics in the air-conditioned spaces. Based on this analysis and the vast progress of computers and associated software, the artificial intelligent technique will be a competitor candidate...

  14. Pinpointing America's Geothermal Resources with Open Source Data...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    January 7, 2013 - 4:04pm Addthis When it comes to harnessing America's vast geothermal energy resources, knowing where to look is half the battle. Geothermal energy-the heat...

  15. A first principles computational study of ZnO/PbTiO? as a tunable catalyst for CO? conversion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alawode, Babatunde

    2015-01-01

    Due to its role in climate change, there is great interest in finding ways to take advantage of the vast amount of waste CO? we produce by its conversion to useful substances. This approach is currently impractical due to ...

  16. Warner Robins and the Buy Purchase Request Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Jessica Lauren

    Throughout the United States Air Force, Warner Robins Air Logistics Center (ALC) has a reputation of being ahead of the game when it comes to lean implementation. Efforts on the shop floor have contributed vastly to that ...

  17. A Member of the Food Chain?: Quantifying Primary Productivity from Nazi Germany to the International Biological Program, 1933-74

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Adam Christopher

    2015-01-01

    war in Russia, Poland and the Ukraine had precipitated ans Final Years Here in the Ukraine one is always aware of thewestern Poland and eastern Ukraine, where the vast majority

  18. Reply to Rico-Guevara and Rubega: Nectar loading in hummingbirds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Wonjung

    Our article (1) provided a rationale for the vast volume of biological data (20 species of birds, bats, and insects) on optimal nectar concentrations measured in a laboratory setting. The comment of Rico-Guevara and Rubega ...

  19. Dropwise Condensation of Low Surface Tension Fluids on Omniphobic Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rykaczewski, Konrad

    Compared to the significant body of work devoted to surface engineering for promoting dropwise condensation heat transfer of steam, much less attention has been dedicated to fluids with lower interfacial tension. A vast ...

  20. Graph-based privacy preference expression for the semantic web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Ryan Randall, 1980-

    2004-01-01

    The Web is changing. Originally a medium for human-readable documents, the next generation Semantic Web is opening up toolkit that provides vast opportunities for sharing information that is encoded in a machine-readable ...

  1. The Time-Correlated Update Problem Joshua Reich, Vishal Misra, and Dan Rubenstein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the maximal amount of data (long-term system monitoring - e.g., carbon dioxide consumption in tem- perate rain include remote or vast domains such as underground, underwater, outer-space, Arctic, and mountainous

  2. Experimental Study on the Aerospace Applications of Photoreactive Nanomaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirth, David M.

    2012-01-01

    combustion reaction is called the minimum ignition energy (MIE) and is measured in mJ/pulsecombustion, jet, or rocket engines, as well as providing a vast improvement in the power and e?ciency of pulse

  3. Z' Bosons, the NuTeV Anomaly, and the Higgs Boson Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chanowitz, Michael S

    2009-01-01

    NuTeV Anomaly, and the Higgs Boson Mass Michael S. Chanowitzpredicted value of the Higgs boson mass, from ? 60 to ? 120from an increase in the Higgs boson mass. There is a vast

  4. Obtaining and Using USDA Market and Production Reports 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bevers, Stan; Amosson, Stephen H.; Smith, Jackie; O'Brien, Daniel

    2008-10-07

    is commonly available from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and land grant universities. USDA is responsible for collecting and reporting to the public a vast array of information on virtually every agricultural commodity produced...

  5. Alone on the Snow, Alone on the Beach: “A Global Sense of Place” in Atanarjuat and Fountain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horton, Jessica L.

    2012-01-01

    Alone on the Snow, Alone on the Beach: “A Global Sense ofAn endless expanse of snow and melting ice. A naked managainst the vastness of white snow are accompanied by the

  6. Reconfigurable thruster selection algorithms for aggregative spacecraft systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jewison, Christopher Michael

    2014-01-01

    The vast majority of today's space systems launch to orbit as completely assembled spacecraft stowed within a single launch vehicle. However, there is demand for large space systems (e.g., large space telescopes, fuel ...

  7. Advanced controls for floating wind turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casanovas, Carlos (Casanovas Bermejo)

    2014-01-01

    Floating Offshore Wind Turbines (FOWT) is a technology that stands to spearhead the rapid growth of the offshore wind energy sector and allow the exploration of vast high quality wind resources over coastal and offshore ...

  8. Potential Climatic Impacts and Reliability of Large-Scale Offshore Wind Farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Chien

    The vast availability of wind power has fueled substantial interest in this renewable energy source as a potential near-zero greenhouse gas emission technology for meeting future world energy needs while addressing the ...

  9. Differential Tks5 isoform expression contributes to metastatic invasion of lung adenocarcinoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Carman Man Chung

    Metastasis accounts for the vast majority of cancer-related deaths, yet the molecular mechanisms that drive metastatic spread remain poorly understood. Here we report that Tks5, which has been linked to the formation of ...

  10. The Impact of Interactive Tables and Multiple Surfaces Technologies Towards Communication and Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Sriram

    , UK jamil@cs.bris.ac.uk Sriram Subramanian Interaction & Graphics Group Department of Computer Science University of Bristol, UK sriram@cs.bris.ac.uk ABSTRACT Multi-touch interactive tables are vast becoming

  11. An integrated encyclopedia of DNA elements in the human genome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Altshuler, Robert Charles

    The human genome encodes the blueprint of life, but the function of the vast majority of its nearly three billion bases is unknown. The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project has systematically mapped regions of ...

  12. Effects of point defects on thermal and thermoelectric properties of InN A. X. Levander,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Junqiao

    of devices from optoelectronics to photovoltaics.1 Since the dis- covery of the narrow band gap of InN from However, despite this vast progress, thermal properties of high-quality InN have not been investigated

  13. Integrating agroecology and landscape multifunctionality in Vermont: An evolving framework to evaluate the design of agroecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    , a private operation producing organic yogurt and other food products, achieves important ecological Ecological design Food systems Rural planning a b s t r a c t Agroecosystems cover vast areas of land

  14. The Unholy Grail: A Social Reading of Chrétien de Troyes's Conte du Graal (review)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Over, Kristen Lee

    1996-01-01

    Z E L L E S , The Unholy Grail: A Social Reading of Chretienthe very vast corpus of Grail scholarship, Brigitte Cazellesunderstandably opens The Unholy Grail: A Social Reading of

  15. ANNUAL REPORT 2013 A Message from the Vice President

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , sensors, switches, and power systems; unparalleled home and security services; cloud and mobile, costing some $10 billion in losses. Pindrop Security, an ATDC company, offers a solution to this vast

  16. Environmental impact assessment and process simulation of the tidal current energy resource in the Strait of Messina 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Geziry, Tarek Mohamed Ahmed

    2010-01-01

    Interest in exploring renewable energy resources has increased globally, especially with recent worldwide intentions to maintain the global climate. Looking at the oceans as a vast sustainable clean energy resource to ...

  17. Nonlinear Dimensionality Reduction for Motion Synthesis and Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bitzer, Sebastian

    2011-01-01

    Synthesising motion of human character animations or humanoid robots is vastly complicated by the large number of degrees of freedom in their kinematics. Control spaces become so large, that automated methods designed ...

  18. Science.gov? Try ciencia.science.gov | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    give you some sense of the vastness of the amount of content that was translated into Spanish from science.gov this week. The 200 million pages of authoritative U.S. government...

  19. Automation of summarization evaluation methods and their application to the summarization process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahnsen, Thade

    2011-06-30

    Summarization is the process of creating a more compact textual representation of a document or a collection of documents. In view of the vast increase in electronically available information sources in the last decade, ...

  20. SUPPORTING DOMAIN SPECIFIC WEB-BASED SEARCH USING HEURISTIC KNOWLEDGE EXTRACTION 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunanathan, Sudharsan

    2010-01-16

    Modern search engines like Google support domain-independent search over the vast information contained in web documents. However domain-specific information access, such as finding less well-known people, locations, and ...

  1. Large area 3-D reconstructions from underwater optical surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Hanumant

    Robotic underwater vehicles are regularly performing vast optical surveys of the ocean floor. Scientists value these surveys since optical images offer high levels of detail and are easily interpreted by humans. Unfortunately, ...

  2. Computational imaging and automated identification for aqueous environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loomis, Nicholas C. (Nicholas Charles)

    2011-01-01

    Sampling the vast volumes of the ocean requires tools capable of observing from a distance while retaining detail necessary for biology and ecology, ideal for optical methods. Algorithms that work with existing SeaBED AUV ...

  3. Computational design of orthogonal antiparallel homodimeric coiled coils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Negron, Christopher

    2014-01-01

    Living cells integrate a vast array of protein-protein interactions (PPIs) to govern cellular functions. For instance, PPIs are critical to biosynthesis, nanostructural assembly, and in processing environmental stimuli ...

  4. Transportation risk assessment for ethanol transport 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shelton Davis, Anecia Delaine

    2008-10-10

    This research is aimed at assessing the quantitative risks involved with an ethanol pipeline. Pipelines that run from the Midwest, where the vast majority of ethanol is produced, to the target areas where reformulated gasoline is required...

  5. Deficient experience-dependent plasticity in the visual cortex of Arc null mice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCurry, Cortina (Cortina Luann)

    2009-01-01

    Within the visual cortex a vast assortment of molecules work in concert to sharpen and refine neuronal circuits throughout development. With the advent of genetic mouse models it is now possible to probe the individual ...

  6. Simulation and Life Cycle Assessment of Algae Gasification Process in Dual Fluidized Bed Gasifiers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azadi, Pooya; Brownbridge, George; Mosbach, Sebastian; Inderwildi, Oliver; Kraft, Markus

    2015-01-01

    , Switzerland. and thus vastly different chemical structures — within a par- ent biomass feedstock: i) focusing on direct conversion of, at least, one of the fractions to molecules with a similar carbon number and chemical structure to that of the desired...

  7. Computational modeling techniques for biological network productivity increases : optimization and rate-limiting reaction detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yuanyuan, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01

    The rapid development and applications of high throughput measurement techniques bring the biological sciences into a 'big data' era. The vast available data for enzyme and metabolite concentrations, fluxes, and kinetics ...

  8. Gavin Hamilton, John Balfour and Patrick Neill: a study of publishing in Edinburgh in the Eighteenth Century. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDougall, Warren

    Eighteenth-century Scottish bibliography is a vast subject still awaiting exploration. There are, however, some landmarks to look for and guides to employ. I am thinking particularly, in the context of my own interests, ...

  9. Rigorous Simulation Model of Kerogen Pyrolysis for the In-situ Upgrading of Oil Shales 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Kyung Jae

    2014-10-09

    Oil shale is a vast, yet untapped energy source, and the pyrolysis of kerogen in the oil shales releases recoverable hydrocarbons. In this dissertation, we investigate how to increase process efficiency and decrease the costs of in-situ upgrading...

  10. About Things We Don't Know Things We Don't Know is a community interest company, which seeks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evolution" and so on. These `Things' are then pulled from the database, and plunged into articles a vast database of unanswered questions which are grouped into the relating science (Physics, Chemistry

  11. Model-based data integration in clinical environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heldt, Thomas

    As a result of improved hospital information-technology infrastructure and declining costs of storage media, vast amounts of physiological waveform and trend data can now be continuously collected and archived from bedside ...

  12. Mining large collections of gene expression data to elucidate transcriptional regulation of biological processes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curry, Edward William James

    2011-06-27

    A vast amount of gene expression data is available to biological researchers. As of October 2010, the GEO database has 45,777 chips of publicly available gene expression pro ling data from the Affymetrix (HGU133v2) ...

  13. Perspectives on Carbon Capture and Sequestration in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle

    2011-01-01

    E A and Keith D W 1998 Fossil fuels without CO 2 emissionsCapture and Storage from Fossil Fuel Use,” contribution tocontinue using its vast fossil fuel resources and existing

  14. A study of lightning activity over the warm pool western Pacific Ocean (TOGA-COARE region) for 1993 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rios, Luis Alberto

    1995-01-01

    The warm pool western Pacific Ocean is an area of the equatorial tropics characterized by strong and frequent convection, and vigorous lightning activity. However, it has been noted by various researchers that the vast oceanic expanses experience...

  15. "In dreams begins responsibility:" the role of Irish drama and the Abbey Theatre in the formation of post-colonial Irish identity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stout, Rebecca Lynn

    2006-08-16

    This research does not hope to give a finalized portrait of Ireland and its vast and diverse people. Instead, it hopes to add one more piece to the complicated mosaic that is an honest depiction of Irish personal and ...

  16. Architectures of the everyday in 1920s and 1930s Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vujosevic, Tijana

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation is an architectural history of Russian everyday life, or byt, in the first two decades after the October Revolution. In this period, the investigation and reform of byt was a project that vastly crossed ...

  17. Fact #846: November 10, 2014 Trucks Move 70% of all Freight by Weight and 74% of Freight by Value

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    According to the preliminary 2012 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) data, trucks transport the vast majority of freight by both weight and value. The two pie charts below show the share of freight moved...

  18. Single-cell technologies for monitoring interactions between immune cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamanaka, Yvonne J. (Yvonne Joy)

    2014-01-01

    Immune cells participate in dynamic cellular interactions that play a critical role in the defense against pathogens and the destruction of malignant cells. The vast heterogeneity of immune cells motivates the study of ...

  19. We All Can Lead Because We All Can Serve: A Narrative and Visual Analysis of The Big Event at Texas A&M University 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogue, Patty Ann

    2014-12-12

    and reverse this trend. Undoubtedly, The Big Event at Texas A&M University has created vast opportunities for Aggie students to understand and appreciate the role of community/university partnerships since its creation in 1982. This dissertation evaluates...

  20. Intermodal Railroad Daniel Brock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    intermodal 1970s Intermodal - Industrial, agricultural, electronics, foods, and a vast array of consumer congestion cost $101 bill. and 4.8 bill. hours wasted 1.9 bill. gallons of fuel wasted in congestion

  1. Examining how Preschoolers' Vocabulary Acquisition is affected by the Context in which they Encounter New Words 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ditchburn, Rachel

    There is a growing concern with the vast individual differences in children’s vocabularies as they enter school. This study looked to determine the learning contexts and types of vocabulary instruction that are most effective ...

  2. “California and the Pacific Rim: A UC Perspective,” Oakland Rotary Club, Oakland, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner, David P.

    1986-01-01

    CALIFORNIA AND THE PACIFIC RIM: A UC PERSPECTIVE David P.our Near West. As the Pacific Rim emerges as a growing forcein the West. " The Pacific Rim--that vast stretch of

  3. Ultralow-Power Silicon Microphotonic Communications Platform

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    renewable power sources such as Google's recent investment by the Columbia River for its hydroelectric power and Iceland's recent quest to become a data center hub with its vast...

  4. Landscape viewing in metropolitan Boston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teas, Wendy Ann

    1990-01-01

    This thesis recognizes the importance of landscape viewing, especially as a solitary act of contemplation. It suggests the creation of a place from which to gaze upon a vast landscape. It postulates that an observation ...

  5. Adding 3D-structural context to protein-protein interaction data from high-throughput experiments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jüttemann, Thomas

    2011-11-24

    In the past decade, automatisation has led to an immense increase of data in biology. Next generation sequencing techniques will produce a vast amount of sequences across all species in the coming years. In many cases, ...

  6. Consideration of Gas Supply Contracts with Take-or-pay Clauses in ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-11-15

    Nov 15, 2008 ... As shown by our numerical experience, this flexibility may result in reduced water spillages ... electric energy through optimal operational processes and a higher .... number of plants, in a vast network of transmission, and the ...

  7. Identification and characterization of insect-specific proteins by genome data analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Guojie; Wang, Hongsheng; Shi, Junjie; Wang, Xiaoling; Zheng, Hongkun; Wong, Gane Ka-Shu; Clark, Terry; Wang, Wen; Wang, Jun; Kang, Le

    2007-04-04

    Background: Insects constitute the vast majority of known species with their importance including biodiversity, agricultural, and human health concerns. It is likely that the successful adaptation of the Insecta clade depends on specific components...

  8. Smartphone-Mediated Tourist Experiences: Understanding the Influence of Augmented Reality (AR) Applications in Tourism 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anuar, Faiz Izwan

    2013-04-25

    experiences. Despite vast literature on tourists’ experiences, there is limited research focusing on understanding the use of smartphones and AR apps for tourism. A critical review of the literature indicates that there is a need to develop a richer...

  9. Analysis of the Arabidopsis NAC gene superfamily in plant development 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarado Chavez, Veria Ysabel

    2009-05-15

    There are a vast number of transcription factors that regulate plant growth and development. The NAC gene superfamily is one of the largest families of transcription factors in the plant kingdom. NAC gene expression profiles using Affymetrix ATH1...

  10. Proceedings of EACL '99 Focusing on focus: a formalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to knowledge store. Presumably, every typical adult communicator has at his/her disposal a vast and extensive of the store are acquired via direct perception of the environment and, less directly, communication

  11. Atomistic and ab initio prediction and optimization of thermoelectric and photovoltaic properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Maria Kai Yee

    2009-01-01

    The accurate prediction of physical properties in the vast spaces of nanoscale structures and chemical compounds is made increasingly possible through the use of atomistic and ab initio computation. In this thesis we ...

  12. Response of DNA repair and replication systems to exocyclic nucleic acid base damage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ?r?v?stava, Nidhi

    2012-01-01

    Genomes experience an often hostile environment that creates a vast array of damages that can give rise to myriad biological outcomes. Fortunately, cells are equipped with networks such as direct reversal, base excision ...

  13. The Unsustainable Rise of the Disability Rolls in the United States: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Autor, David

    2012-01-24

    Two ailments limit the effectiveness and threaten the long-term viability of the U.S. Social Security Disability Insurance program (SSDI). First, the program is ineffective in assisting the vast majority of workers with ...

  14. Implementation of the Ensemble Kalman Filter in the Characterization of Hydraulic Fractures in Shale Gas Reservoirs by Integrating Downhole Temperature Sensing Technology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreno, Jose A

    2014-08-12

    Multi-stage hydraulic fracturing in horizontal wells has demonstrated successful results for developing unconventional low-permeability oil and gas reservoirs. Despite being vastly implemented by different operators across North America, hydraulic...

  15. Pumping up : Russian energy and national power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fahy, Nina J. (Nina Jane)

    2007-01-01

    Russia has organized its energy industry similarly to a vertically integrated energy corporation. Not only does Russia possess vast oil and gas reserves, it also has capabilities at every step in the production chain. The ...

  16. Prisoners of the Caucasus: Literary Myths and Media Representations of the Chechen Conflict

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ram, Harsha

    1999-01-01

    His jail is the vast “prisonhouse of peoples,” as Marx onceimpregnable and hollow, this prisonhouse crowds the distinctSeen spatially, the prisonhouse (cage or pit) of empire is a

  17. Three-dimensional routed manifolds with externally inserted cables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breinlinger, Keith J. (Keith Joseph), 1974-

    2003-01-01

    The Automatic Test Equipment industry must maintain a tester accuracy of roughly one tenth the pulsewidth of the device under test (DUT). Funneling a vast number of electrical signals into a very tiny area to contact the ...

  18. Microbial oceanography of anoxic oxygen minimum zones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulloa, Osvaldo

    Vast expanses of oxygen-deficient and nitrite-rich water define the major oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) of the global ocean. They support diverse microbial communities that influence the nitrogen economy of the oceans, ...

  19. Historicizing the landscape : recovering the aesthetics of the Alhambra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Klerk, Marianne Magdalena, 1970-

    2001-01-01

    The thesis explores the conception and evolution of the Alhambra as a monument during the 19th and 20th centuries. The contemporary monument encompasses a vast landscape complex saturated by nine hundred years of continuous ...

  20. Characterising the optical properties of galaxy clusters with GMPhoRCC 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hood, Ross John

    2014-11-27

    The properties of galaxy clusters, such as abundance and mass to light ratios, have long been used to investigate and constrain cosmology. With vast numbers of newly detected clusters, such as from the Planck mission ...

  1. Fostering success in reading: a survey of teaching methods and collaboration practices of high performing elementary schools in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans Jr., Richard Austin

    2006-08-16

    variety of different texts, including social studies and science, than do less successful students. In addition, students need to 20 experience vast quantities of ?successful reading experiences? to become independent, proficient readers (Allington...

  2. Center For Energy and Environmental Policy Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    techniques for hydrogen production, transmission, and storage; (4) clean coal technologies technology on a vast scale ­ coal gasification, carbon capture and sequestration, alternative fuels TECHNOLOGY, Feb 2007, with kind permission from CROWN Publications. All rights reserved. #12;The MIT Center

  3. Will they buy?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kubat, Rony Daniel

    2012-01-01

    The proliferation of inexpensive video recording hardware and enormous storage capacity has enabled the collection of retail customer behavior at an unprecedented scale. The vast majority of this data is used for theft ...

  4. Carboxylato compounds of chromium, copper, rhodium and molybdenum and new advances in the chemistry of V2(NXN)4 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hillard, Elizabeth Anne

    2004-09-30

    investigated the triisopropylbenzoato complexes of some metals which are known for their ability to form a vast array of tetracarboxylato complexes, namely chromium, copper, molybdenum, and rhodium, and have found that these novel compounds display some...

  5. Solving the Mystery of the Billion-Dollar Bond, Double Bond ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    in plants' fatty acids. These fatty acids are used in a vast range of products, from polymers to plastics and soaps to industrial feed stocks -- making up an estimated 150...

  6. environmental-control | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the nation's vast coal reserves, while at the same time allowing the current fleet of coal-fired power plants to comply with existing and emerging environmental regulations....

  7. Monday, February 12, 2001 Boston Globe Online / Health | Science / The unbearable lightness of being -stopped Page: 1 http://www.boston.com/dailyglobe2/037/science/The_unbearable_lightness_of_being_stopped+.shtml

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsworth, Ronald L.

    through a vacuum, such as the vast reaches of interstellar space. As soon as it starts traveling through Health | Science (Tue.) Food (Wed.) Calendar (Thu.) Life at Home (Thu.) Sunday Automotive Focus Learning

  8. Agricultural biotechnology and Indian newspapers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sivakumar, Gayathri

    2004-11-15

    This study is designed to look into how agricultural biotechnology is covered by Indian newspapers. A through study of the literature showed that agricultural biotechnology is a much debated topic and there is a vast difference between the concerns...

  9. SMASHUP: Secure Mashup for Defense Transformation and Net-Centric Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heileman, Gregory L.

    ., 709 S. Harbor City Blvd., Suite 400, Melbourne, FL 32901; b University of New Mexico, Dept, integrate, and display data from a vast array of different information sources available on the Internet

  10. 21F.740 The New Spain: 1977-Present, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Resnick, Margery

    This course deals with the vast changes in Spanish social, political, and cultural life that have taken place since the death of Franco. It examines the new freedom from censorship; the re-emergence of strong movements for ...

  11. Revisiting the Long-Term Hedge Value of Wind Power in an Era of Low Natural Gas Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2014-01-01

    leaking of methane from shale gas development: response to2012. “The Influence of Shale Gas on U.S. Energy andthe United States’ vast shale gas reserves in recent years

  12. Cooling Tower Considerations for Energy Optimizations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burger, R.

    1986-01-01

    Energy conservation strategies and production economies involve more than examining the cooling tower fan consumption of horse power. Colder water provides vast potentials for savings. Ask yourself, "What is the dollar and energy utilization value...

  13. Cooling Tower Energy Conservation Optimization 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burger, R.

    1985-01-01

    Energy conservation strategies involve more than examination of fan horsepower. Colder water and pumping head provide vast savings potentials. What is dollar value of 1°F in your process? What is dollar cost of pumping water to distribution system...

  14. PPPL physicists find clue to formation of magnetic fields around...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    phenomena, including the disks of material that form around black holes and the 11-year solar cycle of our own sun. Computer programs cannot yet simulate these vast astronomical...

  15. Hierarchical occlusion culling for arbitrarily-meshed height fields 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edmondson, Paul Michael

    2004-09-30

    Many graphics applications today have need for high-speed 3-D visualization of height fields. Most of these applications deal with the display of digital terrain models characterized by a simple, but vast, non-overlapping ...

  16. From Single-Cell Genetic Architecture to Cell Population Dynamics: Quantitatively Decomposing the Effects of Different Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernard, Samuel

    From Single-Cell Genetic Architecture to Cell Population Dynamics: Quantitatively Decomposing Architecture Nikos V. Mantzaris Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Rice University, Houston with positive feedback architecture. The framework consists of three vastly different mathematical formulations

  17. Systemic Risk and the Refinancing Ratchet Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khandani, Amir

    2009-09-13

    The confluence of three trends in the U.S. residential housing market - rising home prices, declining interest rates, and near-frictionless refinancing opportunities - led to vastly increased systemic risk in the financial ...

  18. An everlasting pioneer: the story of Antirrhinum research 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwarz-Sommer, Zsuzsanna; Davies, Brendan; Hudson, Andrew

    Despite the tremendous success of Arabidopsis thaliana, no single model can represent the vast range of form that is seen in the ~250,000 existing species of flowering plants (angiosperms). Here, we consider the history ...

  19. What does it take to earn a BS degree in Computer Engineering? A BS degree in Computer Engineering (CpE) is earned through a 4-year program involving a fundamental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Signals and Systems Control Systems Electromagnetics Digital Signal Processing Computational Computer consoles, aerospace systems, biomedical devices, and computer networks. This vast range of opportunities Architecture Professional Ethics Engineering Design Process Multidisciplinary Design Senior Design Projects

  20. Magnetized Target Fusion (MTF) (a.k.a. Magneto-Inertial Fusion)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in fuel density and time scale and by more than 10 in burning fuel volume. The vast parameter space alternate concepts) will never have a chance to reach technical maturity. 10 12 15 #12;

  1. Enabling Factors in Successful Product Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Victor

    2005-08-15

    The research literature and industry best-practices report a vast number of enabling factors that contribute to successful product development (PD). Collectively this body of work also establishes the causal linkages between ...

  2. Transportation risk assessment for ethanol transport 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shelton Davis, Anecia Delaine

    2009-05-15

    This research is aimed at assessing the quantitative risks involved with an ethanol pipeline. Pipelines that run from the Midwest, where the vast majority of ethanol is produced, to the target areas where reformulated gasoline is required...

  3. High quality genome-scale metabolic network reconstruction of mycobacterium tuberculosis and comparison with human metabolic network: application for drug targets identification 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalapanulak, Saowalak

    2009-01-01

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), a pathogenic bacterium, is the causative agent in the vast majority of human tuberculosis (TB) cases. Nearly one-third of the world’s population has been affected by TB and annually two ...

  4. A Cost Benefit Analysis of the Application of Biochar in the Scottish Whisky Industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Messenger, Simon P

    2009-01-01

    Biochar is a carbon-negative process (Mathews, 2008) with large environmental credentials which is capable of sequestering vast amounts of carbon into the soil pool. Under the Kyoto Protocol, Biochar could one day be ...

  5. On the relational dynamics of caring: a psychotherapeutic approach to emotional and power dimensions of women’s care work 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bondi, Liz

    2007-01-01

    Care is double-edged and paradoxical, inspiring a vast range of strong feelings in both care-givers and care-recipients. This paper draws on ideas about psychotherapeutic relationships to offer a theorisation of the ...

  6. Assessing Global Terrestrial Sources of Methyl Halides - Ozone Regulating Gases 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gancarczyk, Maciej

    2010-11-24

    Methyl bromide (CH3Br) and methyl chloride (CH3Cl) play significant roles in the depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer. The vast portion of methyl halide sources and sinks sources and sinks are natural in origin. The ...

  7. 02/12/2007 09:14 PMFink Wins Huygens Probe Competition Page 1 of 2http://today.caltech.edu/today/story-display.tcl?story_id=18002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arizona, University of

    for making efficient use of limited resources when searching a large set of alternatives for the "best" one a vast data set, far too large for any computer to store. Yet like spelunkers tapping the roof of a low

  8. Strategic relational communication in crisis : the humanitarian example

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michaels, Olufunke

    2013-01-01

    The discourse on Haiti is both vast and varied with public attention soaring when an earthquake hit the island in January 2010. Many questions have since been raised by global stakeholders as to how the situation was ...

  9. Neutronic analysis of a proposed plutonium recycle assembly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solan, George Michael

    1975-01-01

    A method for the neutronic analysis of plutonium recycle assemblies has been developed with emphasis on relative power distribution prediction in the boundary area of vastly different spectral regions. Such regions are ...

  10. Observation and experience linking science and indigenous knowledge at Zuni, New Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norton, Jay B.

    desertification. The resulting agriculture is sustainable as well as culturally and environmentally appropriate Died for Your Sins) Introduction The 1992 Convention to Combat Desertification calls for linkages to desertification. Vast cultural differences, however, between indigenous people and governing decision

  11. ZEPLIN-III direct dark matter search : final results and measurements in support of next generation instruments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichhart, Lea

    2013-11-28

    Astrophysical observations give convincing evidence for a vast non-baryonic component, the so-called dark matter, accounting for over 20% of the overall content of our Universe. Direct dark matter search experiments ...

  12. MilkMine: text-mining, milk proteins and hypothesis generation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Stephen

    2009-01-01

    The vast and increasing volume of biological data can make it a struggle for scientists to keep up-to-date with the latest research and as a consequence they may miss significant biological links, particularly those that ...

  13. CP Violation in Bs ? J/?ø decays at LHCb and sensitivity to the weak mixing phase ?s 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mclean, Colin David

    2009-01-01

    The LHCb experiment (CERN) will offer a precise hadronic probe with which to study CP violation, rare decays and possible New Physics (NP) effects occurring in the b-system. Contained within the vast physics program is ...

  14. The apocalyptic depiction of climate change and its usefulness to pro-environmental behaviour 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David, Sophia

    2011-08-17

    Climate change is problematic to the imagination; it is highly complex, vast and possesses characteristics of invisibility, trans-temporality and trans-spatialness. As such, it is difficult to both conceptualise and ...

  15. Fostering advances in interdisciplinary climate science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solomon, Susan

    Climate science is a vast, multidisciplinary research field with foundations spanning physics, chemistry, biology, geology, mathematics, and more. Cutting-edge climate research often straddles one or more basic disciplines, ...

  16. A Library Hierarchy for Implementing Scalable Parallel Search Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ralphs, Ted

    , Clemson University, mjs@clemson.edu #12;such as planning, scheduling, logistics, telecommunications. The main feature of such algorithms is that they require the maintenance of a vast amount of information

  17. Peter Galison Interviewed by B. R. Cohen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galison, Peter L.

    moving. You would have wanted to keep an enemy from knowing how to use centrifuges to separate the explosive kind of uranium. This meant forbidding the dissemi- nation of vast, expensive, and interconnected

  18. Evidence for fine-scale genetic structure and estuarine colonisation in a potential high gene flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Adam

    of Population Genetics, C/O Biotechnology House, Keldnaholt, Reykjavi´k IS-112, Iceland; 3 School of Biology number of eggs and larvae capable of dispersal via passive or active mechanisms over vast distances, thus

  19. Nanocrystalline Structure and Thermoelectric Properties of Electrospun NaCo2O4 Yuanming Liu,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    gasoline-fueled internal combustion engine, the vast majority of the fuel energy is lost as waste heat challenging, because in most materials high electric conductivity is usually ac- companied by high thermal

  20. acceleration and stabilization techniques for column generation ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-08-25

    support, collaboration, and brilliant ideas from his vast knowledge, none of this .... 4 Applications on other Capacitated Resource Management Problems and ...... trains while conforming to the flow preservation constraints and train capacities.