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1

Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production  

SciTech Connect

This report presents and discusses results from Task 5 of the study ''Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production,'' performed at a full-scale commercial wallboard plant. Synthetic gypsum produced by wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems on coal-fired power plants is commonly used in the manufacture of wallboard. The FGD process is used to control the sulfur dioxide emissions which would result in acid rain if not controlled. This practice has long benefited the environment by recycling the FGD gypsum byproduct, which is becoming available in increasing quantities, decreasing the need to landfill this material, and increasing the sustainable design of the wallboard product. However, new concerns have arisen as recent mercury control strategies developed for power plants involve the capture of mercury in FGD systems. The objective of this study is to determine whether any mercury is released into the atmosphere when the synthetic gypsum material is used as a feedstock for wallboard production. The project is being co-funded by the U.S. DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-04NT42080), USG Corporation, and EPRI. USG Corporation is the prime contractor, and URS Group is a subcontractor. The project scope includes five discrete tasks, each conducted at various USG wallboard plants using synthetic gypsum from different FGD systems. The five tasks were to include (1) a baseline test, then variations representing differing power plant (2) emissions control configurations, (3) treatment of fine gypsum particles, (4) coal types, and (5) FGD reagent types. However, Task 5, which was to evaluate gypsum produced from an alternate FGD reagent, could not be conducted as planned. Instead, Task 5 was conducted at conditions similar to a previous task, Task 3, although with gypsum from an alternate FGD system. In this project, process stacks in the wallboard plant have been sampled using the Ontario Hydro method. The stack locations sampled for each task include a dryer for the wet gypsum as it enters the plant and a gypsum calciner. The stack of the dryer for the wet wallboard product was also tested as part of this task, and was tested as part of Tasks 1 and 4. Also at each site, in-stream process samples were collected and analyzed for mercury concentration before and after each significant step in wallboard production. The Ontario Hydro results, process sample mercury concentration data, and process data were used to construct mercury mass balances across the wallboard plants. Task 5 was conducted at a wallboard plant processing synthetic gypsum from a power plant that fires Eastern bituminous coal. The power plant is equipped with a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system for NOX emissions control, but the SCR was bypassed during the time period the gypsum tested was produced. The power plant has a single-loop, open spray tower, limestone reagent FGD system, with forced oxidation conducted in a reaction tank integral with the FGD absorber. The FGD system has gypsum fines blow down as part of the dewatering step. Gypsum fines blow down is believed to be an important variable that impacts the amount of mercury in the gypsum byproduct and possibly its stability during the wallboard process. The results of the Task 5 stack testing, as measured by the Ontario Hydro method, detected that an average of 51% of the incoming mercury in the FGD gypsum was emitted during wallboard production. These losses were distributed as 2% or less each across the wet gypsum dryer and product wallboard dryer, and about 50% across the gypsum calciner. Emissions were similar to what Task 3 results showed, on both a percentage and a mass basis, for gypsum produced by a power plant firing bituminous coal and also having gypsum fines blow down as part of the FGD dewatering scheme. As was seen in the Task 1 through 4 results, most of the mercury detected in the stack testing on the wet gypsum dryer and kettle calciner was in the form of elemental mercury. In the wallboard dryer kiln, a more signific

Jessica Marshall Sanderson

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents and discusses results from the project 'Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production', performed at five different full-scale commercial wallboard plants. Synthetic gypsum produced by wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems on coal-fired power plants is commonly used in the manufacture of wallboard. This practice has long benefited the environment by recycling the FGD gypsum byproduct, which is becoming available in increasing quantities, decreasing the need to landfill this material, and increasing the sustainable design of the wallboard product. However, new concerns have arisen as recent mercury control strategies involve the capture of mercury in FGD systems. The objective of this study has been to determine whether any mercury is released into the atmosphere at wallboard manufacturing plants when the synthetic gypsum material is used as a feedstock for wallboard production. The project has been co-funded by the U.S. DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-04NT42080), USG Corporation, and EPRI. USG Corporation is the prime contractor, and URS Group is a subcontractor. The project scope included seven discrete tasks, each including a test conducted at various USG wallboard plants using synthetic gypsum from different wet FGD systems. The project was originally composed of five tasks, which were to include (1) a base-case test, then variations representing differing power plant: (2) emissions control configurations, (3) treatment of fine gypsum particles, (4) coal types, and (5) FGD reagent types. However, Task 5,could not be conducted as planned and instead was conducted at conditions similar to Task 3. Subsequently an opportunity arose to test gypsum produced from the Task 5 FGD system, but with an additive expected to impact the stability of mercury, so Task 6 was added to the project. Finally, Task 7 was added to evaluate synthetic gypsum produced at a power plant from an additional coal type. In the project, process stacks in the wallboard plant were sampled using the Ontario Hydro method. In every task, the stack locations sampled included a gypsum dryer and a gypsum calciner. In Tasks 1 and 4 through 7, the stack of the dryer for the wet wallboard product was also tested. Also at each site, in-stream process samples were collected and analyzed for mercury concentration before and after each significant step in wallboard production. These results and process data were used to construct mercury mass balances across the wallboard plants. The results from the project showed a wide range of percentage mercury losses from the synthetic gypsum feedstocks as measured by the Ontario Hydro method at the process stacks, ranging from 2% to 55% of the mercury in the gypsum feedstock. For the tasks exceeding 10% mercury loss across the wallboard plant, most of the loss occurred across the gypsum calciner. When total wallboard emissions remained below 10%, the primary emission location varied with a much less pronounced difference in emission between the gypsum dryer, calciner and board dryer. For all seven tasks, the majority of the mercury emissions were measured to be in the elemental form (Hg{sup 0}). Overall, the measured mercury loss mass rates ranged from 0.01 to 0.17 grams of mercury per dry ton of synthetic gypsum processed, or 0.01 to 0.4 pounds of mercury released per million square feet of wallboard produced from synthetic gypsum. The Coal Combustion Product Production and Use Survey from the American Coal Ash Association (ACAA) indicate that 7,579,187 short tons of synthetic gypsum were used for wallboard production in 2006. Extrapolating the results of this study to the ACAA industry usage rate, we estimate that mercury releases from wallboard production plants in 2006 ranged between 150 to 3000 pounds for the entire U.S. wallboard industry. With only seven sets of wallboard plant measurements, it is difficult to draw firm conclusions about what variables impact the mercury loss percentages across the wallboard plants. One significant o

Jessica Sanderson

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

3

Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production  

SciTech Connect

This report presents and discusses results from Task 6 of the study 'Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production,' performed at a full-scale commercial wallboard plant. Synthetic gypsum produced by wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems on coal-fired power plants is commonly used in the manufacture of wallboard. This practice has long benefited the environment by recycling the FGD gypsum byproduct, which is becoming available in increasing quantities, decreasing the need to landfill this material, and increasing the sustainable design of the wallboard product. However, new concerns have arisen as recent mercury control strategies involve the capture of mercury in FGD systems. The objective of this study is to determine whether any mercury is released into the atmosphere when the synthetic gypsum material is used as a feedstock for wallboard production. The project is being co-funded by the U.S. DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-04NT42080), USG Corporation, and EPRI. USG Corporation is the prime contractor, and URS Group is a subcontractor. The project scope now includes six discrete tasks, each conducted at various USG wallboard plants using synthetic gypsum from different FGD systems. The project was originally composed of five tasks, which were to include (1) a baseline test, then variations representing differing power plant: (2) emissions control configurations, (3) treatment of fine gypsum particles, (4) coal types, and (5) FGD reagent types. However, Task 5, which was to include testing with an alternate FGD reagent, could not be conducted as planned. Instead, Task 5 was conducted at conditions similar to Task 3, although with gypsum from an alternate FGD system. Subsequent to conducting Task 5 under these revised conditions, an opportunity arose to test gypsum produced at the same FGD system, but with an additive (Degussa Corporation's TMT-15) being used in the FGD system. TMT-15 was expected to impact the stability of mercury in synthetic gypsum used to produce wallboard, so Task 6 was added to the project to test this theory. In this project, process stacks in the wallboard plant have been sampled using the Ontario Hydro method. For every task, the stack locations sampled have included a dryer for the wet gypsum as it enters the plant and a gypsum calciner. For Tasks 1, 4, 5 and 6, the stack of the dryer for the wet wallboard product was also tested. Also at each site, in-stream process samples were collected and analyzed for mercury concentration before and after each significant step in wallboard production. The Ontario Hydro results, process sample mercury concentration data, and process data were used to construct mercury mass balances across the wallboard plants. Task 6 was conducted at a wallboard plant processing synthetic gypsum from a power plant that fires Eastern bituminous coal. The power plant has a single-loop, open spray tower limestone forced oxidation FGD system, with the forced oxidation conducted in the reaction tank integral with the FGD absorber. The FGD system has gypsum fines blow down as part of the dewatering step. The power plant is equipped with a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system for NOX emissions control, and the SCR was in service during the time period the gypsum tested was produced. Also, as mentioned above, Degussa additive TMT-15 was being added to the FGD system when this gypsum was produced. The results of the Task 6 stack testing, as measured by the Ontario Hydro method, detected that an average of 55% of the incoming mercury was emitted during wallboard production. These losses were distributed as about 4% across the dryer mill, 6% across the board dryer kiln, and 45% across the kettle calciner. Emissions were similar to what Task 5 results showed on a percentage basis, but about 30% lower on a mass basis. The same power plant FGD system produced the synthetic gypsum used in Task 5 (with no use of TMT-15) and in Task 6 (with TMT-15 added to the FGD system). The lower emissions on a mass basis appeared

Jessica Sanderson; Gary M. Blythe; Mandi Richardson

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents and discusses results from Task 6 of the study 'Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production,' performed at a full-scale commercial wallboard plant. Synthetic gypsum produced by wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems on coal-fired power plants is commonly used in the manufacture of wallboard. This practice has long benefited the environment by recycling the FGD gypsum byproduct, which is becoming available in increasing quantities, decreasing the need to landfill this material, and increasing the sustainable design of the wallboard product. However, new concerns have arisen as recent mercury control strategies involve the capture of mercury in FGD systems. The objective of this study is to determine whether any mercury is released into the atmosphere when the synthetic gypsum material is used as a feedstock for wallboard production. The project is being co-funded by the U.S. DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-04NT42080), USG Corporation, and EPRI. USG Corporation is the prime contractor, and URS Group is a subcontractor. The project scope now includes six discrete tasks, each conducted at various USG wallboard plants using synthetic gypsum from different FGD systems. The project was originally composed of five tasks, which were to include (1) a baseline test, then variations representing differing power plant: (2) emissions control configurations, (3) treatment of fine gypsum particles, (4) coal types, and (5) FGD reagent types. However, Task 5, which was to include testing with an alternate FGD reagent, could not be conducted as planned. Instead, Task 5 was conducted at conditions similar to Task 3, although with gypsum from an alternate FGD system. Subsequent to conducting Task 5 under these revised conditions, an opportunity arose to test gypsum produced at the same FGD system, but with an additive (Degussa Corporation's TMT-15) being used in the FGD system. TMT-15 was expected to impact the stability of mercury in synthetic gypsum used to produce wallboard, so Task 6 was added to the project to test this theory. In this project, process stacks in the wallboard plant have been sampled using the Ontario Hydro method. For every task, the stack locations sampled have included a dryer for the wet gypsum as it enters the plant and a gypsum calciner. For Tasks 1, 4, 5 and 6, the stack of the dryer for the wet wallboard product was also tested. Also at each site, in-stream process samples were collected and analyzed for mercury concentration before and after each significant step in wallboard production. The Ontario Hydro results, process sample mercury concentration data, and process data were used to construct mercury mass balances across the wallboard plants. Task 6 was conducted at a wallboard plant processing synthetic gypsum from a power plant that fires Eastern bituminous coal. The power plant has a single-loop, open spray tower limestone forced oxidation FGD system, with the forced oxidation conducted in the reaction tank integral with the FGD absorber. The FGD system has gypsum fines blow down as part of the dewatering step. The power plant is equipped with a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system for NOX emissions control, and the SCR was in service during the time period the gypsum tested was produced. Also, as mentioned above, Degussa additive TMT-15 was being added to the FGD system when this gypsum was produced. The results of the Task 6 stack testing, as measured by the Ontario Hydro method, detected that an average of 55% of the incoming mercury was emitted during wallboard production. These losses were distributed as about 4% across the dryer mill, 6% across the board dryer kiln, and 45% across the kettle calciner. Emissions were similar to what Task 5 results showed on a percentage basis, but about 30% lower on a mass basis. The same power plant FGD system produced the synthetic gypsum used in Task 5 (with no use of TMT-15) and in Task 6 (with TMT-15 added to the FGD system). The lower emissions on a mass basis appeared

Jessica Sanderson; Gary M. Blythe; Mandi Richardson

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

AN INNOVATIVE INTEGRATED APPROACH TO MINIMIZING GYPSUM AND PYRITE WASTES BY CONVERSION TO MARKETABLE PRODUCTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this research program is to develop a novel integrated process to eliminate millions of tons of gypsum and pyrite wastes generated annually by the U.S. energy industries and reduce the emission of millions of tons of greenhouse gas carbon dioxide. This was accomplished by converting gypsum and pyrite wastes to marketable products such as lime, direct reduced iron (DRI), and sulfur products and obviating the need to calcine millions of tons of limestone for use in utility scrubbers. Specific objectives included: (1) Develop a novel, integrated process for utilizing two major wastes generated by mining and energy industries to produce lime for recycling and other marketable products. (2) Study individual chemical reactions involved in pyrite decomposition, DRI production, and Muller-Kuhne process for lime regeneration to determine optimum process variables such as temperature, time, and reactant composition. (3) Investigate techniques for effective concentration of pyrite from tailing waste and methods for effective separation of DRI from calcium sulfide.

Daniel Tao

2000-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

6

The use of gypsum and a coal desulfurization by-product to ameliorate subsoil acidity for alfalfa growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acid soils limit the growth of aluminum-(Al) sensitive crops such as alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Management of acid subsoils can be difficult due to physical and economic constraints. Field experiments were conducted at two locations to evaluate the effectiveness of surface-applied gypsum and a flue gas desulfurization by-product for reducing the toxic effects of acid subsoils on alfalfa. The materials were applied at rates of 0, 5, 10, and 15 Mg ha-1. In addition, a glasshouse experiment was conducted that used 0, 5, and 10 Mg ha-1 of gypsum only. Field studies were concluded 41 and 45 months after treatment application at the two locations. No effect of material on alfalfa yield or tissue mineral concentration was observed. Also, rate did not affect yield. However, there were differences in plant tissue mineral concentration in several harvests that were related to rate. Soil was sampled periodically to 120 cm and indicated movement of Ca and S into the soil profile to depths of 60 and 120 cm, respectively. Subsoil pHH2O and pHCaCl2 were not affected by treatment. Extractable and exchangeable Al were not reduced by movement of Ca and S into the soil. In the glasshouse study, alfalfa yields and root growth were not affected by gypsum rate. As gypsum rate increased, plant tissue S increased, but K and Mg decreased. Alfalfa roots did not grow below 60 cm, even though there was indication of material movement to 90 cm in the soil. Although sulfur moved to 75 cm, no effect on soil Al was observed. Leachate collected from the bottoms of columns indicated that soil cations were leached as a result of gypsum application. Gypsum and the flue gas desulfurization by-product did not significantly affect the acid soils used in these studies or improve alfalfa growth.

Chessman, Dennis John

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Modeling of Production Metal Cutting Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... oblique cutting, and nose turning. Finally, a system-level mechanistic machining model is briefly described for turning, milling, and drilling, and a ...

2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

8

Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum Agricultural Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing volumes of flue gas desulfurization (FGD) gypsum will become available for agricultural use as more utilities install forced oxidation scrubbers and the wallboard market for the resulting gypsum becomes saturated. This interim report describes work performed in 2007 and 2008 to develop a national research network to gain data and experience to support the beneficial uses of FGD products, especially FGD gypsum, in agriculture and other land applications.

2008-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

9

Phospho-gypsum recovery process  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a process for treating phospho-gypsum waste product which is produced in the manufacture of phosphoric acid by the wet-acid process in which suitable phosphate rock is treated with sulforic acid to product phosphoric acid and in which a mixture of phospho-gypsum waste product and carbonaceous material is heated to produce gaseous SO/sub 2/, P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ containing materials and HF containing materials. The improvement comprises drying a mixture of phospho-gypsum waste product and carbonaceous material, removing a first gaseous stream containing water, acids and fluorine, separating the fluorine from the first gaseous stream by reacting with lime or limestone to produce fluorspar, recovering the fluorspar, calcining the dried phospho-gypsum under reducing conditions to produce a second gaseous stream containing SO/sub 2/, CO/sub 2/, O/sub 2/ and N/sub 2/ with substantially no fluorine values, and utilizing the second gaseous stream in a sulfuric acid manufacturing plant.

Wilson, E.K. Sr.; Spigolon, S.J.

1988-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

10

A Review of Manufacturing Uses for Gypsum Produced by Flue Gas Desulfurization Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gypsum is widely used as a source material to manufacture products for building construction applications8212primarily wallboard, cement, and concrete8212and has a number of other commercial applications. The mineral is mined throughout the world (natural gypsum) and also is produced as a result of various industrial processes (synthetic gypsum). The largest source of synthetic gypsum used for manufacturing applications is flue gas desulfurization (FGD) gypsum, the product of wet flue gas desulfurization...

2006-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

11

Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum Agricultural Network: Indiana Kingman Research Station (Corn and Soybeans)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flue gas desulfurization gypsum (FGDG) is an excellent source of gypsum (CaSO4•2H2O) that is created when sulfur dioxide is removed from the exhaust gases during the combustion of coal for energy production. Research on FGDG has been conducted as part of the Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum Agricultural Network program sponsored by the Electric Power Research Institute in collaboration with individual utilities, the U.S. EPA, the United States Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural ...

2013-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

12

New Energy Star Initiative Recognizes Cutting-Edge Products with Highest  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Star Initiative Recognizes Cutting-Edge Products with Star Initiative Recognizes Cutting-Edge Products with Highest Energy Efficiency New Energy Star Initiative Recognizes Cutting-Edge Products with Highest Energy Efficiency July 14, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today are announcing for the first time products recognized as the most energy-efficient in their categories among those that have earned the Energy Star label. This pilot program is part of Energy Star's overall commitment to protect people's health and the environment by encouraging energy efficiency. The "Most Efficient" initiative also continues Energy Star's work to provide consumers with the best efficiency information so they can make investments that will lower

13

New Energy Star Initiative Recognizes Cutting-Edge Products with...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(DOE) today are announcing for the first time products recognized as the most energy-efficient in their categories among those that have earned the Energy Star label. This pilot...

14

Higher oil prices: Can OPEC raise prices by cutting production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

OPEC's ability to raise prices is evaluated with a model that projects the supply and demand. As part of the model, a new methodology to forecast for the rate of production by non-OPEC nations is developed. A literature review of techniques for estimating oil supply and annual rates of production indicates a new methodology is needed. The new technique incorporates the geological, engineering, and economic aspects of the oil industry by synthesizing curve fitting and econometric techniques. It is used to analyze data for eight regions for non-OPEC oil production: the lower 48 states, Alaska, Canada, Mexico, non-OPEC South America, Western Europe, non-OPEC Africa, and non-OPEC Asia. OPEC's ability to raise prices is examined by tracking the percentage oil US oil demand supplied by imports, the portion of oil demand in Western Europe supplied by local production, the percentage of WOCA oil demand supplied by OPEC and Real OPEC revenues. Results of the model indicate that OPEC can raise oil prices in the early 1990s. OPEC can raise and sustain oil prices near $25 (1982 dollars). Higher oil prices ($35) are not sustainable before 2000 because reduced demand and increased non-OPEC production shrink OPEC revenues below acceptable levels. After 2000, $35 prices are sustainable.

Kaufmann, R.K.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Tubing-conveyed perforating cuts costs, boosts production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new Attaka Field development program was started in November 1984 with the objective of reversing the field's declining production. The Intermediate and Deep sands were the reservoirs of interest since their abundance and large areal extent account for a large volume of oil and gas. Many factors contributed to the success of this program, particularly tubing conveyed perforating, (TCP) which has reduced completion time, formation damage and maximized well production. This article discusses the determination of proper underbalance, operational aspects of tubing conveyed perforating, cost comparisons between TCP and wireline methods and a comparison of skin factors resulting from underbalanced perforating and overbalanced perforating.

Sukmadjaja, T.; Shewchenko, D.; Ajam, S.O.

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Composition and Leaching of FGD Gypsum and Mined Gypsum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flue gas desulfurization (FGD) equipment on new and existing coal-fired power plants controls sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions, and produces a solid that is removed in either slurry or dry form. EPRI sponsored an investigation to characterize FGD gypsum8212the solid produced by wet FGD systems with forced air oxidation8212from a representative sampling of U.S. power plants. A single contractor collected 32 samples from 29 power plants in 13 states. In addition, 11 natural gypsum samples from mines in the U...

2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

17

Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum Agricultural Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flue gas desulfurization (FGD) gypsum is a solid produced by wet FGD systems with forced air oxidation and is chemically similar to mined gypsum. These gypsums, used as beneficial agricultural amendments, were evaluated for their effects on earthworm populations and trace element concentrations in soils and earthworms at four field sites (Ohio, Indiana, Alabama, and Wisconsin). These sites are part of a network study on agricultural uses of FGD gypsum conducted at sites across the United States. ...

2012-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

18

A Branch-Price-and-Cut Algorithm for Single-Product Maritime Inventory Routing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A branch-price-and-cut algorithm is developed for a complex maritime inventory-routing problem with varying storage capacities and production/consumption rates at facilities. The resulting mixed-integer pricing problem is solved exactly and efficiently ... Keywords: column generation, dynamic programming, integer programming, maritime inventory routing

Faramroze G. Engineer; Kevin C. Furman; George L. Nemhauser; Martin W. P. Savelsbergh; Jin-Hwa Song

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Implementation of a cut flower and seed production garden at Monticello  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The restored gardens of Monticello fulfill multiple roles, including the enhancement of the architectural and historical aspects of Thomas Jefferson's estate, a botanical garden, a site for historic plant preservation and a study in historic garden restoration. The gardens act as a vehicle for appreciation and education of not only the historical horticultural garden aspects, but also as a vehicle for understanding Thomas Jefferson, as a person. During the summer of 2001, I worked as an intern member of Monticello's Gardens and Grounds Department. The internship focused on the project of reestablishing a cutting flower and seed production garden. The internship also included horticultural maintenance activities within the various public gardens and grounds.

Felderhoff, Craig Anton

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum Agricultural Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research on flue gas desulfurization gypsum (FGDG) has been conducted under the auspices of the Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum Agricultural Network program sponsored by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) in collaboration with individual utilities, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, and universities. This report describes work conducted in northwestern New Mexico in 2008–2012 as part of that effort. Two separate ...

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

NETL: Environmental Research - Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production This project will provide information about the fate of mercury in synthetic gypsum produced by wet FGD systems on coal-fired power plants, when used as feedstock for wallboard production. Wet FGD systems play a key role in current and future efforts to limit the air emissions of mercury control from coal-fired plants. Potential emissions of mercury from FGD byproduct gypsum during wallboard production could limit overall mercury control levels achieved by the coal power industry. Furthermore, any adverse effects of elevated mercury levels in wallboard products could undermine the use of FGD gypsum as a feedstock for wallboard plants. Under a Cooperative Agreement with DOE-NETL, USG Corp., a major producer of wallboard, will provide high-quality data on the extent and location of mercury release during the wallboard production process, and provide additional information on the potential for mercury leaching at the end of the wallboard life cycle, when it is disposed in municipal landfills.

22

Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum Agricultural Network: Wisconsin Arlington Research Station Fields 295 and 27 (Alfalfa)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes field research in Wisconsin as part of the Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum (FGDG) Agricultural Network. The objective of this study, conducted during 2009-2010, was to evaluate potential beneficial agricultural uses of FGDG as a soil amendment to improve alfalfa production. FGDG was compared to a commercially available gypsum product (C-GYP) widely sold in the U.S. Midwest and other areas. A study was established in two fields (Field 295 in 2009/2010 and Field 27 in 2010) at ...

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

23

Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum Agricultural Network: North Dakota Sites 3, 4, and 5 (Canola)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flue gas desulfurization gypsum (FGDG) is a very pure form of gypsum that is a by-product from the combustion of coal for energy production. This report describes 2008-2009 work to evaluate potential beneficial agricultural uses of FGDG at three sites near Langdon, North Dakota. This work was part of a national research network evaluating beneficial uses of FGDG in agriculture, in this case, fertilization of dryland canola by FGDG. The objectives of this research were to 1) determine the influence of FGD...

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

24

Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum Agricultural Network: Ohio Sites 1 (Mixed Hay) and 2 (Corn)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objectives of this work conducted during 2008–2010 were to evaluate potential beneficial agricultural uses of flue gas desulphurization gypsum (FGDG) in eastern Ohio and to assess the potential for environmental effects of the use of FGDG. Two field experiments were conducted at the eastern Ohio research site, one involving a mixed-grass hay field and the other a corn (Zea mays L.) field. FGDG and mined gypsum product were applied one time at rates of 0.2, 2.0, and 20 megagrams ...

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

25

Gypsum, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gypsum, Colorado: Energy Resources Gypsum, Colorado: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.6469295°, -106.9517109° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.6469295,"lon":-106.9517109,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

26

Analytical determination of fluorides in South African chemical gypsum.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Fluoride ion is an accompanying impurity in a wide variety of chemical gypsum throughout the world. In this study, the Ion Selective Electrode (ISE) method,… (more)

Motalane, Mpempe Paulus

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Manufacture of ammonium sulfate fertilizer from FGD-gypsum. Technical report, March 1--May 31, 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Goal is to assess technical and economic feasibility for producing fertilizer-grade ammonium sulfate from gypsum produced in limestone flue gas desulfurization (FGD). This is the 1st year of a 2-year program among Illinois State Geological Survey, University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign), Allied-Signal, Marketing Chem. Process Inc., Henry Fertilizer, Illinois Power Co., and Central Illinois Public Services. In previous quarter, chemistry and process conditions were reviewed and a reactor system set up and used to conduct laboratory tests. FGD-gypsum from Abbott power plant was used. The scrubber, a Chiyoda Thoroughbred 121 FGD, produced a filter cake (98.36% gypsum and < 0.01% CaSO{sub 3}). Conversion of FGD- gypsum to ammonium sulfate was tested at 60-70{degree}C for 5-6 hr. Yield up to 82% and purity up to 95% were achieved for the ammonium sulfate production. During this quarter, more bench-scale experiments including a mass balance analysis were conducted; a yield up to 83% and up to 99% purity were achieved. A literature survey was completed and a preliminary process flow sheet was developed. Economics of the process is being estimated.

Chou, M.I.M.; Rostam-Abadi, Ml; Lytle, J.M.; Bruinius, J.A.; Li, Y.C. [Illinois State Geological Survey, Urbana, IL (United States); Hoeft, R. [Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL (United States); Dewey, S. [AlliedSignal-Chemicals (United States); Achorn, F. [Southeast Marketing Chem. Process INc. (SE-ME) (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

28

Carbon Dioxide Sequestration with Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) Gypsum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbonation of industrial alkaline residues can be used as a CO2 sequestration technology to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. In this study, alkaline Ca-rich flue gas desulfurization (FGD) gypsum samples were carbonated to a varying extent. These materials ... Keywords: FGD gypsum, carbonation, carbon dioxide

Hongqi Wang; Ningning Sun; Rona J. Donahoe

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Alaskan N. Slope focus shifts from wildcats to cutting production costs  

SciTech Connect

North Slope operators are trying to hold the line against declining production with programs hit by lingering uncertainty over crude prices and taxes. The emphasis has shifted from last year's strong exploratory drilling campaign and high hopes fueled by the Kuvlum discovery to focus on more cost-efficient recovery of oil from producing fields. On the exploratory scene, the level of activity was low this past winter on the North Slope. Although Prudhoe Bay remains far out in front as the top producing field in the US, a field decline that began in 1989 continues. Overall, North Slope output declined in the first quarter but at a lower rate than Prudhoe Bay's. During the period, Prudhoe Bay, Kuparuk River, Endicott, Point McIntyre, and Milne Point together produced an average 1.64 million b/d, down 2.4% from last year. Horizontal wells and coiled tubing are an important part of the productivity of the Prudhoe Bay field. The paper discusses this technology, as well as the Gas Handling Expansion No.2 facility. The bright spot in the North Slope is the Point McIntyre field discovered in 1988. The paper gives some background and production figures for this field. Niakuk and Milne Point fields are also highlighted.

Not Available

1994-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

30

Energy-saving cements obtained from chemical gypsum and other industrial wastes  

SciTech Connect

The main sources, properties and uses of chemical gypsum are reviewed and the possibility of its utilization for the manufacturing process of calcium sulfoaluminate cements is explored. In this process other industrial wastes, as sources of reactive silica and alumina, can be employed. Phosphogypsum, blast-furnace slag and fly ash were the main by-products investigated. The principal properties of calcium sulfoaluminate cements, such as synthesis, hydration and strength, were discussed. Some durability problems and suggested solutions were particularly emphasized.

Beretka, J. [CSIRO Div. of Building, Construction and Engineering, Highett, Victoria (Australia)] [CSIRO Div. of Building, Construction and Engineering, Highett, Victoria (Australia); Cioffi, R. [Univ. Degli Studi di Napoli Federico II (Italy). Dipt. di Ingegneria dei Materiali e della Produzione] [Univ. Degli Studi di Napoli Federico II (Italy). Dipt. di Ingegneria dei Materiali e della Produzione; Marroccoli, M.; Valenti, G.L. [Univ. della Basilicata, Potenza (Italy). Dipt. di Ingegneria e Fisica dell`Ambiente] [Univ. della Basilicata, Potenza (Italy). Dipt. di Ingegneria e Fisica dell`Ambiente

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

31

Cutting Fluids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 6   Cutting fluids for aluminum...Table 6 Cutting fluids for aluminum Type of lubricant Principal ingredients Viscosity range Application; maintenance Relative effectiveness Necessary precautions Mineral oils (fatty-additive type preferred) Mineral oil, lard, or neats-foot oil; oleic acid

32

Crack coalescence in molded gypsum and Carrara marble  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates the fracturing and coalescence behavior in prismatic laboratory molded gypsum and Carrara marble specimens, which consist of either one or two preexisting open flaws, under uniaxial compression. ...

Wong, Ngai Yuen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Cutting assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cutting apparatus includes a support table mounted for movement toward and away from a workpiece and carrying a mirror which directs a cutting laser beam onto the workpiece. A carrier is rotatably and pivotally mounted on the support table between the mirror and workpiece and supports a conduit discharging gas toward the point of impingement of the laser beam on the workpiece. Means are provided for rotating the carrier relative to the support table to place the gas discharging conduit in the proper positions for cuts made in different directions on the workpiece.

Racki, Daniel J. (Greensburg, PA); Swenson, Clark E. (Monroeville, PA); Bencloski, William A. (Herminie, PA); Wineman, Arthur L. (Greensburg, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum Agricultural Network: North Dakota Sites 1 and 2 (Wheat)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes work performed in 2007 and 2008 to evaluate potential beneficial agricultural uses of flue gas desulfurization (FGD) gypsum at two sites in North Dakota. This work was part of a national research network evaluating beneficial uses of FGD gypsum in agriculture. The objectives of this research were to determine the influence of FGD gypsum applications on soil quality and on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yields and seed quality. Three application rates of FGD gypsum were compared with s...

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

35

Time dependence of mechanical properties of specimens made from "grey gypsum"  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper present monitoring of mechanical properties of grey calcined gypsum. The samples of dimension 40 × 40 × 160 mm were made from this material and put in laboratory conditions (relatively humidity 50 % and temperature 20 °C). Material ... Keywords: calcined gypsum, creep of gypsum, destructive methods, mechanical properties, shrinkage

P. Padev?t; P. Tesárek; T. Plachý

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Flue Gas Desulfurization Scrubber Maintenance Guide: Gypsum Dewatering Area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flue Gas Desulfurization Scrubber Maintenance Guide: Gypsum Dewatering Area provides fossil plant maintenance personnel with current maintenance information on this system. This report will assist the plant maintenance personnel in improving the reliability and reducing the maintenance costs for this area of their scrubber system.

2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

37

Potential Agricultural Uses of Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum in the Northern Great Plains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flue gas desulfurization gypsum (FGDG) is a byproduct from the combustion of coal for electrical energy production. Currently, FGDG is being produced by 15 electrical generating stations in Alabama, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Ohio, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Wisconsin. Much of this byproduct is used in the manufacturing of wallboard. The National Network for Use of FGDG in Agriculture was initiated to explore alternative uses of this byproduct. In the northern Great Plains (North Dakota, South Dakota, and Montana), FGDG has the potential to be used as a Ca or S fertilizer, as an acid soil ameliorant, and for reclaiming or mitigating sodium-affected soils. Greater than 1.4 million Mg of FGDG could initially be used in these states for these purposes. Flue gas desulfurization gypsum can be an agriculturally important resource for helping to increase the usefulness of problem soils and to increase crop and rangeland production. Conducting beneficial use audits would increase the public awareness of this product and help identify to coal combustion electrical generating stations the agriculturally beneficial outlets for this byproduct.

DeSutter, T.M.; Cihacek, L.J. [North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND (United States). Department of Soil Science

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

38

Surface plasma-arc cutting of stainless steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This danger does not exist when plasma-arc cutting is used. Plasma-arc cutting also increases productivity and produces better quality gouged surfaces [2].

39

J Sci Food Agric 1991, 57, 527-541 Dissolution of Various Sources of Gypsum in Aqueous  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

grade (AR), three sources of Jlue-gas desulphurisation (FGD) gypsum, phosphogypsum (PG),and mined gypsum, particle size, phosphogypsum, second order reaction. INTRODUCTION The beneficial effects of gypsum used as soil amendments: mined and industrial gypsum, the latter (phosphogypsum) being obtained mostly

Ahmad, Sajjad

40

Macro-System Model: A Federated Object Model for Cross-Cutting Analysis of Hydrogen Production, Delivery, Consumption and Associated Emissions: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Macro-System Model: A Macro-System Model: A Federated Object Model for Cross-Cutting Analysis of Hydrogen Production, Delivery, Consumption and Associated Emissions Preprint M. Ruth and V. Diakov National Renewable Energy Laboratory M.E. Goldsby and T.J. Sa Sandia National Laboratories Presented at 4 th Transatlantic Infraday Conference Washington, D.C. November 5, 2010 Conference Paper NREL/CP-6A10-49544 December 2010 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes.

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41

Macro-System Model: A Federated Object Model for Cross-Cutting Analysis of Hydrogen Production, Delivery, Consumption and Associated Emissions; Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

It is commonly accepted that the introduction of hydrogen as an energy carrier for light-duty vehicles involves concomitant technological development of infrastructure elements, such as production, delivery, and consumption, all associated with certain emission levels. To analyze these at a system level, the suite of corresponding models developed by the United States Department of Energy and involving several national laboratories is combined in one macro-system model (MSM). The macro-system model is being developed as a cross-cutting analysis tool that combines a set of hydrogen technology analysis models. Within the MSM, a federated simulation framework is used for consistent data transfer between the component models. The framework is built to suit cross-model as well as cross-platform data exchange and involves features of 'over-the-net' computation.

Ruth, M.; Diakov, V.; Goldsby, M. E.; Sa, T. J.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Macro-System Model: A Federated Object Model for Cross-Cutting Analysis of Hydrogen Production, Delivery, Consumption and Associated Emissions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The introduction of hydrogen as an energy carrier for light-duty vehicles involves concomitant technological progress in several directions, such as production, delivery, consumption, and related emissions. To analyze each of these, a suite of corresponding models have been developed by the DOE, involving inputs from several national laboratories. The macro-system model is being developed as a cross-cutting analysis tool which combines a set of hydrogen technology analysis models. Within the macro-system model (MSM), federated simulation framework used for consistent data transfer between the component models. The framework is built to suit cross-model as well as cross-platform data exchange and will involve features of 'over-the-net' computation.

Ruth, M.; Diakov, V.; Goldsby, M. E.; Sa, T. J.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

EFFECT OF GYPSUM ON AVAILABLE PHOSPHORUS EVALUATED BY MEHLICH-1, ION EXCHANGE RESIN, AND Pi-PAPER IN A BRAZILIAN TROPICAL OXISOL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pure gypsum Source average Phosphate Rock (100 mg kg -1 P)Pure gypsum Source average Phosphate Rock (100 mg kg -1 P) bPure gypsum Source average Phosphate Rock (100 mg kg -1 P)

Silva, Rodrigo Coqui da; Chien, Sen Hsuing; Prochnow, Luís Ignácio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Portable cutting apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A remotely operable, portable cutting apparatus detachably secured to the workpiece by laterally spaced clamp assemblies engagable with the workpiece on opposite sides of the intended line of cut. A reciprocal cutter head is mounted between the clamp assemblies and is provided with a traveling abrasive cutting wire adapted to sever the workpiece normal to the longitudinal axis thereof. Dust and debris are withdrawn from the cutting area by a vacuum force through a nozzle mounted on the cutting head.

Gilmore, R.F.

1984-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

45

Portable cutting apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A remotely operable, portable cutting apparatus detachably secured to the workpiece by laterally spaced clamp assemblies engageable with the workpiece on opposite sides of the intended line of cut. A reciprocal cutter head is mounted between the clamp assemblies and is provided with a traveling abrasive cutting wire adapted to sever the workpiece normal to the longitudinal axis thereof. Dust and debris are withdrawn from the cutting area by a vacuum force through a nozzle mounted on the cutting head.

Gilmore, Richard F. (Kennewick, WA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Adjustable cutting tool holder  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent application describes a device for varying the geometry of a cutting tool for use in machining operations.

Steinhour, William Lee III; West, Drew; Honeycutt, Steve; Frank, Steven; Krishnamurthy, Kallutla

2000-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

47

cutting stock problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST. cutting stock problem. (classic problem). Definition: Find the best arrangement of shapes on rectangles to minimize ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

48

Device for cutting protrusions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for clipping a protrusion of material is provided. The protrusion may, for example, be a bolt head, a nut, a rivet, a weld bead, or a temporary assembly alignment tab protruding from a substrate surface of assembled components. The apparatus typically includes a cleaver having a cleaving edge and a cutting blade having a cutting edge. Generally, a mounting structure configured to confine the cleaver and the cutting blade and permit a range of relative movement between the cleaving edge and the cutting edge is provided. Also typically included is a power device coupled to the cutting blade. The power device is configured to move the cutting edge toward the cleaving edge. In some embodiments the power device is activated by a momentary switch. A retraction device is also generally provided, where the retraction device is configured to move the cutting edge away from the cleaving edge.

Bzorgi, Fariborz M. (Knoxville, TN)

2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

49

Evaluation of the Impact of Limestone on Gypsum Crystal Habit in Wet FGD Scrubbers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document summarizes the results of a laboratory program focused on determining what key limestone components are responsible for impacting wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) byproduct gypsum properties. Tests were conducted using several commercial limestone samples for which documented full-scale limestone forced oxidation wet FGD operating experience exists. These include limestone samples known to produce FGD gypsum with both ‘good’ and ‘poor’ crystallization ...

2012-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

50

An application of neural network solution in the apparel industry for cutting time forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Artificial Neural Network is proposed to handle to estimating of "marker making" cutting time. Estimating the optimum cutting time greatly affects the production efficiency and daily production capacity of the cutting department. Using ANN system in ... Keywords: Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm, apparel industry, artificial neural network, calculating of fabric lays quantities, fabric cutting time, length of marker making

Yelda Ozel; Mahmut Kayar

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

INTERNAL CUTTING DEVICE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device is described for removing material from the interior of a hollow workpiece so as to form a true spherical internal surface in a workpiece, or to cut radial slots of an adjustable constant depth in an already established spherical internal surface. This is accomplished by a spring loaded cutting tool adapted to move axially wherein the entire force urging the tool against the workpiece is derived from the spring. Further features of importance involve the provision of a seal between the workpiece and the cutting device and a suction device for carrying away particles of removed material.

Russell, W.H. Jr.

1959-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

52

Application of Cutting Fluids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...is transferred to the drill by a rotating gland and is forced directly into the cutting zone. The fluid flowing from the hole assists in chip removal. Oil-hole drills have become very popular in

53

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

SciTech Connect

This is the second quarterly progress report for Year 2 of the ACTS project. It includes a review of progress made in Flow Loop development and research during the period of time between Oct 1, 2000 and December 31, 2000. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks: (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility (Task 2: Addition of a foam generation and breaker system), (b) Research project (Task 6): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (c) Research project (Task 7): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Muds Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (d) Research project (Task 8): ''Study of Flow of Synthetic Drilling Fluids Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (e) Research project (Task 9): ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions'', (f) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (g) Research on instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), and Foam properties while transporting cuttings. (Task 12), (h) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop. Progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S). (i) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members. The tasks Completed During This Quarter are Task 7 and Task 8.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Gerald Kane; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Barkim Demirdal; Affonso Lourenco; Evren Ozbayoglu; Paco Vieira; Lei Zhou

2000-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

54

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

SciTech Connect

This is the fourth quarterly progress report for Year-3 of the ACTS Project. It includes a review of progress made in: (1) Flow Loop construction and development and (2) research tasks during the period of time between April 1, 2002 and June 30, 2002. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks: (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility (Task 3: Addition of a Cuttings Injection/Separation System), (b) Research project (Task 6): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)''; (c) Research project (Task 9b): ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions''; (d) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions''; (e) Research on three instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), Foam texture while transporting cuttings. (Task 12), and Viscosity of Foam under EPET (Task 9b); (f) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop. Progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S); (g) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Evren Ozbayoglu; Lei Zhou

2002-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

55

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

SciTech Connect

This is the second quarterly progress report for Year-4 of the ACTS Project. It includes a review of progress made in: (1) Flow Loop construction and development and (2) research tasks during the period of time between October 1, 2002 and December 30, 2002. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks. (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility Task 3: Addition of a Cuttings Injection/Separation System, Task 4: Addition of a Pipe Rotation System. (b) New research project (Task 9b): ''Development of a Foam Generator/Viscometer for Elevated Pressure and Elevated Temperature (EPET) Conditions''. (d) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions''. (e) Research on three instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), Foam texture while transporting cuttings. (Task 12), and Viscosity of Foam under EPET (Task 9b). (f) New Research project (Task 13): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions''. (g) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop. Progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S). (h) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Lei Zhou; Zhu Chen; Crystal Redden; Aimee Washington

2003-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

56

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the third quarterly progress report for Year 3 of the ACTS Project. It includes a review of progress made in: (1) Flow Loop construction and development and (2) research tasks during the period of time between Jan. 1, 2002 and Mar. 31, 2002. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks: (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility (Task 3: Addition of a Cuttings Injection/Separation System), (b) Research project (Task 6): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (c) Research project (Task 9b): ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions'', (d) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (e) Research on three instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), Foam texture while transporting cuttings. (Task 12), and Viscosity of Foam under EPET (Task 9b); (f) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop, progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S); and (g) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Evren Ozbayoglu; Lei Zhou

2002-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

57

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the second quarterly progress report for Year 3 of the ACTS project. It includes a review of progress made in: (1) Flow Loop development and (2) research tasks during the period of time between Oct 1, 2001 and Dec. 31, 2001. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks: (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility (Task 3: Addition of a Cuttings Injection/Collection System), (b) Research project (Task 6): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (c) Research project (Task 9): ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions'', (d) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (e) Research on instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), and Foam properties while transporting cuttings. (Task 12), (f) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop. Progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S). (g) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Gerald Kane; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Affonso Lourenco; Evren Ozbayoglu; Lei Zhou

2002-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

58

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Quarter began with installing the new drill pipe, hooking up the new hydraulic power unit, completing the pipe rotation system (Task 4 has been completed), and making the SWACO choke operational. Detailed design and procurement work is proceeding on a system to elevate the drill-string section. The prototype Foam Generator Cell has been completed by Temco and delivered. Work is currently underway to calibrate the system. Literature review and preliminary model development for cuttings transportation with polymer foam under EPET conditions are in progress. Preparations for preliminary cuttings transport experiments with polymer foam have been completed. Two nuclear densitometers were re-calibrated. Drill pipe rotation system was tested up to 250 RPM. Water flow tests were conducted while rotating the drill pipe up to 100 RPM. The accuracy of weight measurements for cuttings in the annulus was evaluated. Additional modifications of the cuttings collection system are being considered in order to obtain the desired accurate measurement of cuttings weight in the annular test section. Cutting transport experiments with aerated fluids are being conducted at EPET, and analyses of the collected data are in progress. The printed circuit board is functioning with acceptable noise level to measure cuttings concentration at static condition using ultrasonic method. We were able to conduct several tests using a standard low pass filter to eliminate high frequency noise. We tested to verify that we can distinguish between different depths of sand in a static bed of sand. We tested with water, air and a mix of the two mediums. Major modifications to the DTF have almost been completed. A stop-flow cell is being designed for the DTF, the ACTF and Foam Generator/Viscometer which will allow us to capture bubble images without the need for ultra fast shutter speeds or microsecond flash system.

Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Mengjiao Yu; Ramadan Ahmed; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Lei Zhou; Zhu Chen; Aimee Washington; Crystal Redden

2003-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

59

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the first quarterly progress report for Year 2 of the ACTS project. It includes a review of progress made in Flow Loop development and research during the period of time between July 14, 2000 and September 30, 2000. This report presents information on the following specific tasks: (a) Progress in Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility design and development (Task 2), (b) Progress on research project (Task 8): ''Study of Flow of Synthetic Drilling Fluids Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (c) Progress on research project (Task 6): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (d) Progress on research project (Task 7): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Muds Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (e) Progress on research project (Task 9): ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions'', (f) Initiate research on project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (g) Progress on instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution (Tasks 11), and Foam properties (Task 12), (h) Initiate a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. Since the previous Task 1 has been completed, we will now designate this new task as: (Task 1S). (i) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Gerald Kane; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Barkim Demirdal; Affonso Lourenco; Evren Ozbayoglu; Paco Vieira

2000-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

60

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

SciTech Connect

This is the first quarterly progress report for Year-4 of the ACTS Project. It includes a review of progress made in: (1) Flow Loop construction and development and (2) research tasks during the period of time between July 1, 2002 and Sept. 30, 2002. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks: (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility Task 3: Addition of a Cuttings Injection/Separation System, Task 4: Addition of a Pipe Rotation System, (b) New Research project (Task 9b): ''Development of a Foam Generator/Viscometer for Elevated Pressure and Elevated Temperature (EPET) Conditions'', (d) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (e) Research on three instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), Foam texture while transporting cuttings (Task 12), Viscosity of Foam under EPET (Task 9b). (f) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop. Progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S). (g) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Mark Pickell; Len Volk, Mike Volk; Lei Zhou; Zhu Chen; Crystal Redden; Aimee Washington

2002-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report includes a review of the progress made in ACTF Flow Loop development and research during 90 days pre-award period (May 15-July 14, 1999) and the following three months after the project approval date (July15-October 15, 1999) The report presents information on the following specific subjects; (a) Progress in Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility design and development, (b) Progress report on the research project ''Study of Flow of Synthetic Drilling Fluids Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (c) Progress report on the research project ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (d) Progress report on the research project ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Muds Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (e) Progress report on the research project ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions'', (f) Progress report on the instrumentation tasks (Tasks 11 and 12) (g) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with oil and service company members.

Ergun Kuru; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Gerald Kane; Len Volk; Mark Pickell; Evren Ozbayoglu; Barkim Demirdal; Paco Vieira; Affonso Lourenco

1999-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

62

Flue Gas Desulfurization Scrubber Maintenance Guide: Wastewater Treatment and Gypsum Handling Area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Flue Gas Desulfurization Scrubber Maintenance Guide: Wastewater Treatment and Gypsum Handling Area provides fossil plant maintenance personnel with current maintenance information on these systems. This guide will assist plant maintenance personnel in improving the reliability and reducing the maintenance costs for these areas of their scrubber system.

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

63

Cutting assembly. [Patent application  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mining auger comprises a cutting head carried at one end of a tubular shaft and a plurality of wall segments which in a first position thereof are disposed side by side around said shaft and in a second position thereof are disposed oblique to said shaft. A vane projects outwardly from each wall segment. When the wall segments are in their first position, the vanes together form a substantially continuous helical wall. A cutter is mounted on the peripheral edge of each of the vanes. When the wall segments are in their second position, the cutters on the vanes are disposed radially outward from the perimeter of the cutting head.

Treuhaft, M.B.; Oser, M.S.

1981-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

64

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Advanced Cuttings Transport Study (ACTS) was a 5-year JIP project undertaken at the University of Tulsa (TU). The project was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and JIP member companies. The objectives of the project were: (1) to develop and construct a new research facility that would allow three-phase (gas, liquid and cuttings) flow experiments under ambient and EPET (elevated pressure and temperature) conditions, and at different angle of inclinations and drill pipe rotation speeds; (2) to conduct experiments and develop a data base for the industry and academia; and (3) to develop mechanistic models for optimization of drilling hydraulics and cuttings transport. This project consisted of research studies, flow loop construction and instrumentation development. Following a one-year period for basic flow loop construction, a proposal was submitted by TU to the DOE for a five-year project that was organized in such a manner as to provide a logical progression of research experiments as well as additions to the basic flow loop. The flow loop additions and improvements included: (1) elevated temperature capability; (2) two-phase (gas and liquid, foam etc.) capability; (3) cuttings injection and removal system; (4) drill pipe rotation system; and (5) drilling section elevation system. In parallel with the flow loop construction, hydraulics and cuttings transport studies were preformed using drilling foams and aerated muds. In addition, hydraulics and rheology of synthetic drilling fluids were investigated. The studies were performed under ambient and EPET conditions. The effects of temperature and pressure on the hydraulics and cuttings transport were investigated. Mechanistic models were developed to predict frictional pressure loss and cuttings transport in horizontal and near-horizontal configurations. Model predictions were compared with the measured data. Predominantly, model predictions show satisfactory agreements with the measured data. As a part of this project, instrumentation was developed to monitor cuttings beds and characterize foams in the flow loop. An ultrasonic-based monitoring system was developed to measure cuttings bed thickness in the flow loop. Data acquisition software controls the system and processes the data. Two foam generating devices were designed and developed to produce foams with specified quality and texture. The devices are equipped with a bubble recognition system and an in-line viscometer to measure bubble size distribution and foam rheology, respectively. The 5-year project is completed. Future research activities will be under the umbrella of Tulsa University Drilling Research Projects. Currently the flow loop is being used for testing cuttings transport capacity of aqueous and polymer-based foams under elevated pressure and temperature conditions. Subsequently, the effect of viscous sweeps on cuttings transport under elevated pressure and temperature conditions will be investigated using the flow loop. Other projects will follow now that the ''steady state'' phase of the project has been achieved.

Stefan Miska; Troy Reed; Ergun Kuru

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

65

Gypsum treated fly ash as a liner for waste disposal facilities  

SciTech Connect

Fly ash has potential application in the construction of base liners for waste containment facilities. While most of the fly ashes improve in the strength with curing, the ranges of permeabilities they attain may often not meet the basic requirement of a liner material. An attempt has been made in the present context to reduce the hydraulic conductivity by adding lime content up to 10% to two selected samples of class F fly ashes. The use of gypsum, which is known to accelerate the unconfined compressive strength by increasing the lime reactivity, has been investigated in further improving the hydraulic conductivity. Hydraulic conductivities of the compacted specimens have been determined in the laboratory using the falling head method. It has been observed that the addition of gypsum reduces the hydraulic conductivity of the lime treated fly ashes. The reduction in the hydraulic conductivity of the samples containing gypsum is significantly more for samples with high amounts of lime contents (as high as 1000 times) than those fly ashes with lower amounts of lime. However there is a relatively more increase in the strengths of the samples with the inclusion of gypsum to the fly ashes at lower lime contents. This is due to the fact that excess lime added to fly ash is not effectively converted into pozzolanic compounds. Even the presence of gypsum is observed not to activate these reactions with excess lime. On the other hand the higher amount of lime in the presence of sulphate is observed to produce more cementitious compounds which block the pores in the fly ash. The consequent reduction in the hydraulic conductivity of fly ash would be beneficial in reducing the leachability of trace elements present in the fly ash when used as a base liner.

Sivapullaiah, Puvvadi V., E-mail: siva@civil.iisc.ernet.in [Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Baig, M. Arif Ali, E-mail: reach2arif@gmail.com [Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ACTS flow loop is now operational under elevated pressure and temperature. Currently, experiments with water under pressure and temperature are being conducted. Based on the analysis of Fann 70 data, empirical correlations defining the shear stress as a function of temperature, pressure and the shear rate have been developed for Petrobras synthetic drilling fluids. PVT equipment has been modified for testing Synthetic drilling fluids. Initial calibration tests have been conducted by using water. Currently, the base oil of the Petrobras synthetic drilling fluid is being tested. Foam flow experiments have been conducted. Currently, more experiments are being conducted while data are being analyzed to characterize the rheology of the foam. Cuttings transport experiments have been conducted using air, water and cuttings. Preliminary results have shown that it may not be possible to avoid cuttings bed deposition under any practical combination of air and water flow rates. Foam stability analyses have been conducted. Effects of salt and oil concentration on the foam stability have been investigated. A software for controlling the data sampling and data storage during cuttings monitoring process have been developed.

Ergun Kuru; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Gerald Kane; Len Volk; Mark Pickell; Mike Volk; Barkim Demirdal; Affonso Lourenco; Evren Ozbayoglu; Paco Vieira; Neelima Godugu; Sri Suresh Kumar Thiroveedhula

2000-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

67

Electron beam cutting  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for the cutting of holes 20 Angstroms in diameter, or lines 20 Angstroms wide in a material having positive ionic conduction by the use of a focused electron probe is described. The holes and lines are stable under ambient conditions.

Mochel, Margaret E. (Champaign, IL); Humphreys, Colin J. (Abingdon, GB2)

1985-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

68

Electron beam cutting  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for the cutting of holes 20 Angstroms in diameter, or lines 20 Angstroms wide in a material having positive ionic conduction by the use of a focused electron probe is described. The holes and lines are stable under ambient conditions. 2 figs.

Mochel, M.E.; Humphreys, C.J.

1985-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

69

Model of gypsum, calcite and silica solubilities for application to geothermal waters over a wide range of temperature, P/sub CO/sub 2// and ionic strength. Final technical report, October 1, 1983-September 30, 1984  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the construction of a high temperature (25 to 250/sup 0/C), variable P/sub CO/sub 2// (1 to 40 atm), chemical model of mineral (including gypsum, calcite and amorphous silica) solubilities in the system: Na-K-Ca-H-Cl-SO/sub 4/-HCO/sub 3/-CO/sub 3/-CO/sub 2/-SiO/sub 2/-H/sub 2/O. This model was designed to support geothermal energy production needs.

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Breakthrough Cutting Technology Promises to Reduce Solar Costs | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Breakthrough Cutting Technology Promises to Reduce Solar Costs Breakthrough Cutting Technology Promises to Reduce Solar Costs Breakthrough Cutting Technology Promises to Reduce Solar Costs March 1, 2010 - 4:34am Addthis Using SiGen's new cutting process, less material is wasted in creating solar products like this, a breakthrough that is expected to help make solar power more affordable. | Photo courtesy SiGen Using SiGen's new cutting process, less material is wasted in creating solar products like this, a breakthrough that is expected to help make solar power more affordable. | Photo courtesy SiGen Joshua DeLung Silicon Genesis is a San Jose, Calif., company that is advancing the field of solar energy by developing a process that will virtually eliminate all waste when cutting materials needed to implement solar technology.

71

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Experiments on the flow loop are continuing. Improvements to the software for data acquisition are being made as additional experience with three-phase flow is gained. Modifications are being made to the Cuttings Injection System in order to improve control and the precision of cuttings injection. The design details for a drill-pipe Rotation System have been completed. A US Patent was filed on October 28, 2002 for a new design for an instrument that can generate a variety of foams under elevated pressures and temperatures and then transfer the test foam to a viscometer for measurements of viscosity. Theoretical analyses of cuttings transport phenomena based on a layered model is under development. Calibrations of two nuclear densitometers have been completed. Baseline tests have been run to determine wall roughness in the 4 different tests sections (i.e. 2-in, 3-in, 4-in pipes and 5.76-in by 3.5-in annulus) of the flow loop. Tests have also been conducted with aerated fluids at EPET conditions. Preliminary experiments on the two candidate aqueous foam formulations were conducted which included rheological tests of the base fluid and foam stability reports. These were conducted after acceptance of the proposal on the Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under Elevated Pressure and Elevated Temperature Conditions. Preparation of a test matrix for cuttings-transport experiments with foam in the ACTF is also under way. A controller for instrumentation to measure cuttings concentration and distribution has been designed that can control four transceivers at a time. A prototype of the control circuit board was built and tested. Tests showed that there was a problem with radiated noise. AN improved circuit board was designed and sent to an external expert to verify the new design. The new board is being fabricated and will first be tested with static water and gravel in an annulus at elevated temperatures. A series of viscometer tests to measure foam properties have begun using foam generated by the Dynamic Test Facility (DTF). Investigation of techniques to measure foam quality and size, size distribution and shape of bubbles is continuing.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Lei Zhou; Zhu Chen; Crystal Redden; Aimee Washington

2003-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

72

Cross Cutting Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cross Cutting Analysis Cross Cutting Analysis June 3, 2003 Hydrogen Coordination Meeting Ed Schmetz Portfolio Manager Office of Coal Fuels and Industrial Systems Natural Gas and Coal Derived Hydrogen FCV System Analysis * Two scenarios were developed to estimate the impact of natural gas and coal-derived hydrogen in fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) * Case 1 evaluated the impact of 50 million vehicles * Case 2 evaluated the impact of 100 million vehicles * Purpose was to evaluate the impact on: * Fossil fuel demand * CO 2 emissions * Criteria pollutants * Energy consumption/security * Number and cost of hydrogen plants needed Hydrogen FCV System Analysis Fleet Assumptions 27.5 12.5 10 55 25 20 0 25 50 75 100 Case 1- 50 MM LDVs Case 2- 100 MM LDVs Light Duty Vehicles, By Type in Millions LDT2 LDT1 PC * Case 1 -

73

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

SciTech Connect

ACTS flow loop is now operational under elevated pressure and temperature. Currently, experiments with synthetic based drilling fluids under pressure and temperature are being conducted. Based on the analysis of Fann 70 data, empirical correlations defining the shear stress as a function of temperature, pressure and the shear rate have been developed for Petrobras synthetic drilling fluids. PVT equipment has been modified for testing Synthetic oil base drilling fluids. PVT tests with Petrobras Synthetic base mud have been conducted and results are being analyzed Foam flow experiments have been conducted and the analysis of the data has been carried out to characterize the rheology of the foam. Comparison of pressure loss prediction from the available foam hydraulic models and the test results has been made. Cuttings transport experiments in horizontal annulus section have been conducted using air, water and cuttings. Currently, cuttings transport tests in inclined test section are being conducted. Foam PVT analysis tests have been conducted. Foam stability experiments have also been conducted. Effects of salt and oil concentration on the foam stability have been investigated. Design of ACTS flow loop modification for foam and aerated mud flow has been completed. A flow loop operation procedure for conducting foam flow experiments under EPET conditions has been prepared Design of the lab-scale flow loop for dynamic foam characterization and cuttings monitoring instrumentation tests has been completed. The construction of the test loop is underway. As part of the technology transport efforts, Advisory Board Meeting with ACTS-JIP industry members has been organized on May 13, 2000.

Ergun Kuru; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Gerald Kane; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Barkim Demirdal; Affonso Lourenco; Evren Ozbayoglu; Paco Vieira; Neelima Godugu

2000-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

74

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Quarter has been divided between running experiments and the installation of the drill-pipe rotation system. In addition, valves and piping were relocated, and three viewports were installed. Detailed design work is proceeding on a system to elevate the drill-string section. Design of the first prototype version of a Foam Generator has been finalized, and fabrication is underway. This will be used to determine the relationship between surface roughness and ''slip'' of foams at solid boundaries. Additional cups and rotors are being machined with different surface roughness. Some experiments on cuttings transport with aerated fluids have been conducted at EPET. Theoretical modeling of cuttings transport with aerated fluids is proceeding. The development of theoretical models to predict frictional pressure losses of flowing foam is in progress. The new board design for instrumentation to measure cuttings concentration is now functioning with an acceptable noise level. The ultrasonic sensors are stable up to 190 F. Static tests with sand in an annulus indicate that the system is able to distinguish between different sand concentrations. Viscometer tests with foam, generated by the Dynamic Test Facility (DTF), are continuing.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Lei Zhou; Zhu Chen; Crystal Redden; Aimee Washington

2003-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

75

Selective hydrocracking of light naphtha cuts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the production of high-quality automotive gasolines, technology has been developed for a combined ''isoreforming'' process, in which hydrocracking of a heavy straight-run naphtha cut to give a high-octane component with an octane number of 84-86 (MM) is combined with catalytic reforming of the residual fraction from hydrocracking. The ''isoreforming'' technology can be used to produce AI-93 automotive gasolines with aromatic hydrocarbon contents of 45-49% by weight, without TEL, in yields of 78-82% by weight on the original feed. The authors also discuss a catalytic upgrading process for light straight-run naphtha distillates or raffinates from catalytic reforming. The influence of the depth of reaction in hydrocracking n-paraffins in the straight-run 62-105 degrees C cut on the yield of the C5-EP cut and its octane number is investigated.

Koslov, I.T.; Khavkin, V.A.; Nefedov, B.K.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have tested the loop elevation system. We raised the mast to approximately 25 to 30 degrees from horizontal. All went well. However, while lowering the mast, it moved laterally a couple of degrees. Upon visual inspection, severe spalling of the concrete on the face of the support pillar, and deformation of the steel support structure was observed. At this time, the facility is ready for testing in the horizontal position. A new air compressor has been received and set in place for the ACTS test loop. A new laboratory has been built near the ACTS test loop Roughened cups and rotors for the viscometer (RS300) were obtained. Rheologies of aqueous foams were measured using three different cup-rotor assemblies that have different surface roughness. The relationship between surface roughness and foam rheology was investigated. Re-calibration of nuclear densitometers has been finished. The re-calibration was also performed with 1% surfactant foam. A new cuttings injection system was installed at the bottom of the injection tower. It replaced the previous injection auger. A mechanistic model for cuttings transport with aerated mud has been developed. Cuttings transport mechanisms with aerated water at various conditions were experimentally investigated. A total of 39 tests were performed. Comparisons between the model predictions and experimental measurements show a satisfactory agreement. Results from the ultrasonic monitoring system indicated that we could distinguish between different sand levels. We also have devised ways to achieve consistency of performance by securing the sensors in the caps in exactly the same manner as long as the sensors are not removed from the caps. A preliminary test was conducted on the main flow loop at 100 gpm flow rate and 20 lb/min cuttings injection rate. The measured bed thickness using the ultrasonic method showed a satisfactory agreement with nuclear densitometer readings. Thirty different data points were collected after the test section was put into liquid holdup mode. Readings indicated 2.5 to 2.7 inches of sand. The corresponding nuclear densitometers readings were between 2.5 and 3.1 inches. Lab tests were conducted to check an on-line viewing system. Sharp images were obtained through a CCD camera with the use of a ring light or fiber light. A prototype device for measuring the average bubble size for the foam generator-viscometer was constructed from a 1/2 inch fitting. The new windowed cell has been received and installed on the ACTF Bubble Characterization Cart.

Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi

2004-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

77

Cuttings Analysis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cuttings Analysis Cuttings Analysis Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Cuttings Analysis Details Activities (36) Areas (28) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Lab Analysis Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Rock Lab Analysis Parent Exploration Technique: Rock Lab Analysis Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Cuttings are used to define lithology Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 1,000.00100,000 centUSD 1 kUSD 1.0e-3 MUSD 1.0e-6 TUSD / 100 feet cut Median Estimate (USD): 4,000.00400,000 centUSD 4 kUSD 0.004 MUSD 4.0e-6 TUSD / 100 feet cut High-End Estimate (USD): 10,000.001,000,000 centUSD 10 kUSD 0.01 MUSD 1.0e-5 TUSD / 100 feet cut Time Required

78

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Final design of the mast was completed (Task 5). The mast is consisting of two welded plate girders, set next to each other, and spaced 14-inches apart. Fabrication of the boom will be completed in two parts solely for ease of transportation. The end pivot connection will be made through a single 2-inch diameter x 4 feet-8 inch long 316 SS bar. During installation, hard piping make-ups using Chiksan joints will connect the annular section and 4-inch return line to allow full movement of the mast from horizontal to vertical. Additionally, flexible hoses and piping will be installed to isolate both towers from piping loads and allow recycling operations respectively. Calibration of the prototype Foam Generator Cell has been completed and experiments are now being conducted. We were able to generate up to 95% quality foam. Work is currently underway to attach the Thermo-Haake RS300 viscometer and install a view port with a microscope to measure foam bubble size and bubble size distribution. Foam rheology tests (Task 13) were carried out to evaluate the rheological properties of the proposed foam formulation. After successful completion of the first foam test, two sets of rheological tests were conducted at different foam flow rates while keeping other parameters constant (100 psig, 70F, 80% quality). The results from these tests are generally in agreement with the previous foam tests done previously during Task 9. However, an unanticipated observation during these tests was that in both cases, the frictional pressure drop in 2 inch pipe was lower than that in the 3 inch and 4 inch pipes. We also conducted the first foam cuttings transport test during this quarter. Experiments on aerated fluids without cuttings have been completed in ACTF (Task 10). Gas and liquid were injected at different flow rates. Two different sets of experiments were carried out, where the only difference was the temperature. Another set of tests was performed, which covered a wide range of pressure and temperature. Several parameters were measured during these tests including differential pressure and mixture density in the annulus. Flow patterns during the aerated fluids test have been observed through the view port in the annulus and recorded by a video camera. Most of the flow patterns were slug flow. Further increase in gas flow rate changed the wavy flow pattern to slug flow. At this stage, all of the planned cuttings transport tests have been completed. The results clearly show that temperature significantly affects the cuttings transport efficiency of aerated muds, in addition to the liquid flow rate and gas liquid ratio (GLR). Since the printed circuit board is functioning (Task 11) with acceptable noise level we were able to conduct several tests. We used the newly designed pipe test section to conduct tests. We tested to verify that we can distinguish between different depths of sand in a static bed of sand in the pipe section. The results indicated that we can distinguish between different sand levels. We tested with water, air and a mix of the two mediums. Major modifications (installation of magnetic flow meter, pipe fittings and pipelines) to the dynamic bubble characterization facility (DTF, Task 12) were completed. An Excel program that allows obtaining the desired foam quality in DTF was developed. The program predicts the foam quality by recording the time it takes to pressurize the loop with nitrogen.

Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi

2004-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

79

Factors Affecting Oxyfuel Gas Cutting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...of cutting quality and of economy in oxygen consumption. In metal thicknesses up to 50 or 75 mm (2 or 3

80

GyPSuM: A Detailed Tomographic Model of Mantle Density and Seismic Wave Speeds  

SciTech Connect

GyPSuM is a tomographic model fo mantle seismic shear wave (S) speeds, compressional wave (P) speeds and detailed density anomalies that drive mantle flow. the model is developed through simultaneous inversion of seismic body wave travel times (P and S) and geodynamic observations while considering realistic mineral physics parameters linking the relative behavior of mantle properties (wave speeds and density). Geodynamic observations include the (up to degree 16) global free-air gravity field, divergence of the tectonic plates, dynamic topography of the free surface, and the flow-induced excess ellipticity of the core-mantle boundary. GyPSuM is built with the philosophy that heterogeneity that most closely resembles thermal variations is the simplest possible solution. Models of the density field from Earth's free oscillations have provided great insight into the density configuration of the mantle; but are limited to very long-wavelength solutions. Alternatively, simply scaling higher resolution seismic images to density anomalies generates density fields that do not satisfy geodynamic observations. The current study provides detailed density structures in the mantle while directly satisfying geodynamic observations through a joint seismic-geodynamic inversion process. Notable density field observations include high-density piles at the base of the superplume structures, supporting the fundamental results of past normal mode studies. However, these features are more localized and lower amplitude than past studies would suggest. When we consider all seismic anomalies in GyPSuM, we find that P and S-wave speeds are strongly correlated throughout the mantle. However, correlations between the high-velocity S zones in the deep mantle ({approx} 2000 km depth) and corresponding P-wave anomalies are very low suggesting a systematic divergence from simplified thermal effects in ancient subducted slab anomalies. Nevertheless, they argue that temperature variations are the primary cause of P-wave, S-wave, and density anomalies in the mantle.

Simmons, N A; Forte, A M; Boschi, L; Grand, S P

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Cutting forces in orthogonal cutting of unidirectional GFRP composites  

SciTech Connect

The results of orthogonal cutting tests carried out on unidirectional glass fiber reinforced plastic composites, using HSS tools, are presented and discussed. During the tests, performed on a milling machine at very low cutting speed to avoid thermal effects, the cutting speed was held constant and parallel to the fiber direction. Three parameters, namely the tool rake angle {alpha}, the tool relief angle {gamma}, and the depth of cut t, were varied. According to the experimental results, the horizontal force per unit width, F{sub hu}, undergoes a dramatic decrease, never verified for metals, with increasing {alpha}. Besides, F{sub hu} is only negligibly affected by the relief angle, and linearly increases with t. Similarly to metals, an effect of the depth of cut on the specific energy (size effect) is found also for composites. However, the presented results indicate that the size effect can be analytically modeled in a simple way in the case of composites. The vertical force per unit width, F{sub vu}, exhibits a marked reduction when the relief angle is increased. F{sub vu} is also very sensitive to the rake angle: the lower {alpha}, the higher is F{sub vu}. It is shown that this behavior probably reflects a strong influence of the rake angle on the forces developing at the flank. A linear dependence of the vertical force on the depth of cut is also demonstrated. Finally, the experimental data are utilized to obtain empirical formulae, allowing an approximate evaluation of cutting forces.

Caprino, G.; Nele, L. [Univ. of Naples Federico II (Italy). Dept. of Materials and Production Engineering

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

The utilization of flue gas desulfurization waste by-products in construction brick  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Millions of tons of waste by-products from Texas coal burning plants are produced each year. Two common byproducts are the fuel ashes and calcium sulfate (gypsum). Fuel ashes result from the burning of coal. Gypsum is a byproduct of the air purification system, called Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD). Abatement of these waste products is a growing concern, not only for the industry, but the environment as well. It is possible to produce a gypsum brick unit that can meet the engineering properties required by the Americans Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) standards by using these by-products. This can be accomplished at a cost less than the least expensive common fired clay brick that is used in construction operations. The gypsum brick can be manufactured using established methods that are currently in operation.

Berryman, Charles Wayne

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Selection of a Cutting Fluid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Tapping Threading Gear cutting Deep hole drilling Boring Screw machining with form tools High-speed, light-feed screw machining Reaming Milling Drilling Planing and shaping Turning, single-point tools Sawing Grinding...

84

Microwave assisted hard rock cutting  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for the sequential fracturing and cutting of subsurface volume of hard rock (102) in the strata (101) of a mining environment (100) by subjecting the volume of rock to a beam (25) of microwave energy to fracture the subsurface volume of rock by differential expansion; and , then bringing the cutting edge (52) of a piece of conventional mining machinery (50) into contact with the fractured rock (102).

Lindroth, David P. (Apple Valley, MN); Morrell, Roger J. (Bloomington, MN); Blair, James R. (Inver Grove Heights, MN)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Shroud for a submerged jet cutting nozzle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A shroud for a submerged jet cutting nozzle is described which separates the jet from surrounding fluid environment and enhances the cutting effect.

Schwab, Thomas L. (1369 Windsor Way, Livermore, CA 94550)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Implementing cutting plane management and selection techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Closely related to cut generation is the problem of reducing the number of ... They concentrate on generating cuts which ...... Programming, pages 1–24, 2012. 5.

87

Sampling and Interpretation of Drill Cuttings from Geothermal Wells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Drill cuttings from geothermal and mineral exploration boreholes, by contrast with those from most petroleum wells, commonly are derived highly fractured and faulted, hydrothermally altered igneous and metamorphic rock sequences, and are likely to be severely contaminated. Characterization of a subsurface resource from cuttings thus requires not only especially careful sample collection, preparation, storage and examination, but also a thorough knowledge of drilling technology, local geology and the full range of potential borehole contaminants. Accurate identification of lithology from cuttings is critical for recognition and correlation of rock types likely to selectively host the desired commodity. However, many of the rocks encountered in geothermal and mineral exploration boreholes (such as gneisses and granitic rocks) can resemble one another closely as cuttings even though dissimilar in outcrop or core. In such cases, the actual rock type(s) in a cuttings sample generally can be determined by comparison with simulated cuttings of representative surface rocks, and with various geophysical and other well logs. Many other clues in cuttings, such as diagnostic metamorphic mineralogy, or sedimentary rounding and sorting, may help identify subsurface lithologies. Faults and fractures commonly are the dominant physical controls on geothermal and mineral resources. Faults occasionally can be recognized directly in cuttings by the presence of slickensiding, gouge, or other crushed material. More commonly, however, the ''gouge'' observed in cuttings actually is pseudo-gouge created beneath a bit during drilling. Since most faults and all fractures produce no direct evidence apparent in cuttings, they are best recognized indirectly, either by commonly associated hydrothermal alteration, or by responses on appropriate geophysical well logs. Hydrothermal alteration, useful for locating and defining a geothermal or mineral resource, is far more difficult to recognize and interpret in cuttings than in core or outcrop. Alteration textures and paragenetic relationships can be obscured or obliterated as cuttings are produced. Less resistant alteration (and rock-forming) minerals can be disaggregated during drilling and lost from cuttings during sampling or washing. Relict and contemporary alteration can be indistinguishable, and a wide variety of borehole contaminants can closely resemble natural alteration products encountered during drilling. These contaminants also can produce confusing geochemical signatures.

Hulen, Jeffrey B.; Sibbett, Bruce S.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Agricultural scientists cut alcohol fuel costs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scientists at the US Department of Agriculture have succeeded in lowering the cost of making alcohol from corn by 15 cents to $1.64 per gallon. The cost of drying distillers' solubles dropped because at the end of each cooking/fermenting/distilling run, the solubles are used for cooking, cooling and fermenting in the next run. One evaporation of solubles is required after 10 runs, so energy cost is cut from 17 cents to 1.7 cents. The protein by-products recovered, can be used as swine and poultry feeds and as human food.

Not Available

1981-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

89

Hypervelocity cutting machine and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and machine are provided for cutting a workpiece such as concrete. A gun barrel is provided for repetitively loading projectiles therein and is supplied with a pressurized propellant from a storage tank. A thermal storage tank is disposed between the propellant storage tank and the gun barrel for repetitively receiving and heating propellant charges which are released in the gun barrel for repetitively firing projectiles therefrom toward the workpiece. In a preferred embodiment, hypervelocity of the projectiles is obtained for cutting the concrete workpiece by fracturing thereof. 10 figs.

Powell, J.R.; Reich, M.

1996-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

90

Hypervelocity cutting machine and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and machine 14 are provided for cutting a workpiece 12 such as concrete. A gun barrel 16 is provided for repetitively loading projectiles 22 therein and is supplied with a pressurized propellant from a storage tank 28. A thermal storage tank 32,32A is disposed between the propellant storage tank 28 and the gun barrel 16 for repetitively receiving and heating propellant charges which are released in the gun barrel 16 for repetitively firing projectiles 22 therefrom toward the workpiece 12. In a preferred embodiment, hypervelocity of the projectiles 22 is obtained for cutting the concrete workpiece 12 by fracturing thereof.

Powell, James R. (Shoreham, NY); Reich, Morris (Queens, NY)

1996-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

91

Microbiopsy/precision cutting devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Devices are disclosed for performing tissue biopsy on a small scale (microbiopsy). By reducing the size of the biopsy tool and removing only a small amount of tissue or other material in a minimally invasive manner, the risks, costs, injury and patient discomfort associated with traditional biopsy procedures can be reduced. By using micromachining and precision machining capabilities, it is possible to fabricate small biopsy/cutting devices from silicon. These devices can be used in one of four ways (1) intravascularly, (2) extravascularly, (3) by vessel puncture, and (4) externally. Additionally, the devices may be used in precision surgical cutting. 6 figs.

Krulevitch, P.A.; Lee, A.P.; Northrup, M.A.; Benett, W.J.

1999-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

92

X-Z-Theta cutting method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for machining a workpiece. The method includes the use of a rotary cutting tool mounted on the end of a movable arm. The arm is adapted to move in a plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the cutting tool. The cutting tool has cutting teeth to cut chips of material off of the workpiece in a predetermined size and shape to facilitate better removal of the chips from the workpiece. The teeth can be of different type and length to permit the tool to both rough cut and finish cut the workpiece during machining. The total depth of cut is divided by the number of tool teeth, so that the longest tool always performs the finishing cut.

Bieg, L.F.

1993-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

93

X-Y-theta cutting method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for machining a workpiece. The method includes the use of a rotary cutting tool mounted on the end of a movable arm. The arm is adapted to move in a plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the chips of material cutting tool. The cutting tool has cutting teeth to cut off of the workpiece in a predetermined size and shape to facilitate better removal of the chips from the workpiece. The teeth can be of different type and length to permit the tool to both rough cut and finish cut the workpiece during machining. The total depth of cut is divided by the number of tool teeth, so that the longest tool always perform finishing cut.

Bieg, L.F.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

X-Y-theta cutting method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for machining a workpiece. The method includes the use of a rotary cutting tool mounted on the end of a movable arm. The arm is adapted to move in a plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the chips of material cutting tool. The cutting tool has cutting teeth to cut off of the workpiece in a predetermined size and shape to facilitate better removal of the chips from the workpiece. The teeth can be of different type and length to permit the tool to both rough cut and finish cut the workpiece during machining. The total depth of cut is divided by the number of tool teeth, so that the longest tool always perform finishing cut.

Bieg, L.F.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

95

Coal combustion products 2007 production and use report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The American Coal Ash Association's 2007 Annual Coal Combustion Products (CCP) are derived from data from more than 170 power plants. The amount of CCPs used was 40.55%, a decrease of 2.88% from 2006, attributed to reduced fuel burn and a decrease in demand in the building industry. Figures are given for the production of fly ash, flue gas desulfurization gypsum, bottom ash, FBC ash and boiler slag. The article summarises results of the survey. 1 ref., 1 tab.

NONE

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

EMSL: Science: Cross-Cutting Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cross-Cutting Science Areas Cross-cutting science EMSL's integrated approach supports science that doesn't fit easily into single categories. Here we capture EMSL's areas of...

97

Simplest optimal cutting patterns for equal rectangles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents branch-and-bound algorithms that can guarantee the simplest optimal cutting patterns of equal rectangles. An existing linear algorithm determines the global upper bound exactly. The branching process ends when a branch of a lower ... Keywords: Cutting stock problem, Optimization, Two-dimensional cutting

Yaodong Cui

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Optimization Online - A cutting surface algorithm for semi-infinite ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 14, 2013 ... The combination of this distribution optimization method and the cutting ... column generation, cutting surface methods, cutting plane methods, ...

99

Free-piston cutting machine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cutting machine includes a gun barrel for receiving a projectile. A compression tube is disposed in flow communication with the barrel and includes a piston therein. A reservoir is disposed in flow communication with the tube and receives a first gas under pressure. A second gas fills the compression tube on a front face of the piston. And, the pressurized first gas is discharged into the tube on a back face of the piston to accelerate the piston through the tube for compressing the second gas, and in turn launching the projectile through the barrel to impact a workpiece.

Ciccarelli, Gaby (East Setauket, NY); Subudhi, Manomohan (East Setauket, NY); Hall, Robert E. (Port Jefferson, NY)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

New Modelling Strategies For Metal Cutting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper draws from the 'plasticity and friction only' view of metal cutting to the presentation of new modelling strategies based on the interaction between finite elements and modern ductile fracture mechanics. The overall presentation is supported by specially designed orthogonal metal cutting experiments that were performed on Lead test specimens under laboratory-controlled conditions. Comparisons between theoretical predictions and experimental results comprise a wide range of topics such as material flow, cutting forces and specific cutting pressure. The paper demonstrates that while material flow and chip formation can be successfully modelled by traditional 'plasticity and friction only' analyses, the contribution of the fracture work involved in the formation of new surfaces is essential for obtaining good estimates of cutting forces and of the specific cutting pressure.

Rosa, Pedro A. R.; Martins, Paulo A. F. [Instituto Superior Tecnico, Departamento de Engenharia Mecanica, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal); Atkins, Anthony G. [Department of Engineering, University of Reading, Box 225, Reading RG6 6AY (United Kingdom)

2007-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Cutting sound enhancement system for mining machines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cutting sound enhancement system (10) for transmitting an audible signal from the cutting head (101) of a piece of mine machinery (100) to an operator at a remote station (200), wherein, the operator using a headphone unit (14) can monitor the difference in sounds being made solely by the cutting head (101) to determine the location of the roof, floor, and walls of a coal seam (50).

Leigh, Michael C. (Coal Center, PA); Kwitowski, August J. (Clairton, PA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Advanced cryogenics for cutting tools. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the investigation was to determine if cryogenic treatment improved the life and cost effectiveness of perishable cutting tools over other treatments or coatings. Test results showed that in five of seven of the perishable cutting tools tested there was no improvement in tool life. The other two tools showed a small gain in tool life, but not as much as when switching manufacturers of the cutting tool. The following conclusions were drawn from this study: (1) titanium nitride coatings are more effective than cryogenic treatment in increasing the life of perishable cutting tools made from all cutting tool materials, (2) cryogenic treatment may increase tool life if the cutting tool is improperly heat treated during its origination, and (3) cryogenic treatment was only effective on those tools made from less sophisticated high speed tool steels. As a part of a recent detailed investigation, four cutting tool manufacturers and two cutting tool laboratories were queried and none could supply any data to substantiate cryogenic treatment of perishable cutting tools.

Lazarus, L.J.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Comparison of Coal Combustion Products to Other Common Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The chemical characteristics of coal combustion products (CCPs) are often discussed with reference to geologic materials and other industrial by-products; however, there are no systematic comparisons of these materials in the literature. This report compares the ranges in chemical characteristics of fly ash, bottom ash, and flue gas desulfurization (FGD) gypsum to the ranges observed for soil and rock, as well as other common products and by-products.

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

104

Corner-cutting mining assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention resulted from a contract with the United States Department of Energy and relates to a mining tool. More particularly, the invention relates to an assembly capable of drilling a hole having a square cross-sectional shape with radiused corners. In mining operations in which conventional auger-type drills are used to form a series of parallel, cylindrical holes in a coal seam, a large amount of coal remains in place in the seam because the shape of the holes leaves thick webs between the holes. A higher percentage of coal can be mined from a seam by a means capable of drilling holes having a substantially square cross section. It is an object of this invention to provide an improved mining apparatus by means of which the amount of coal recovered from a seam deposit can be increased. Another object of the invention is to provide a drilling assembly which cuts corners in a hole having a circular cross section. These objects and other advantages are attained by a preferred embodiment of the invention.

Bradley, J.A.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

The bound-optimal cutting plane method: a new paradigm for cutting ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 24, 2013 ... Page 11 ... single cut because, if cut (c) (resp. cut (d)), is added, the segment CD ? AD (resp. ... Typically, as we will show in Section 5, the bound at which. 11 ..... 1.03 91. 91. 1.65 80. 80. 1.50 48. 48 344.00 huck. 11.00. 9. 9.

106

Cutting tool form compensaton system and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compensation system for a computer-controlled machining apparatus having a controller and including a cutting tool and a workpiece holder which are movable relative to one another along a preprogrammed path during a machining operation utilizes a camera and a vision computer for gathering information at a preselected stage of a machining operation relating to the actual shape and size of the cutting edge of the cutting tool and for altering the preprogrammed path in accordance with detected variations between the actual size and shape of the cutting edge and an assumed size and shape of the cutting edge. The camera obtains an image of the cutting tool against a background so that the cutting tool and background possess contrasting light intensities, and the vision computer utilizes the contrasting light intensities of the image to locate points therein which correspond to points along the actual cutting edge. Following a series of computations involving the determining of a tool center from the points identified along the tool edge, the results of the computations are fed to the controller where the preprogrammed path is altered as aforedescribed.

Barkman, William E. (Oak Ridge, TN); Babelay, Jr., Edwin F. (Knoxville, TN); Klages, Edward J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Definition: Cuttings Analysis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Analysis Analysis Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Cuttings Analysis Cuttings are small bits of a rock formation derived from a borehole, the rock chips are carried to the surface by the drilling fluid. As the hole is drilled, cuttings are collected and analyzed to identify lithology and fluids encountered at depth.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Drill cuttings are the broken bits of solid material removed from a borehole drilled by rotary, percussion, or auger methods. Boreholes drilled in this way include oil or gas wells, water wells, and holes drilled for geotechnical investigations or mineral exploration. The drill cuttings are commonly examined to make a record of the subsurface materials penetrated at various depths. In the oil industry, this is often called a mud log.

108

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.I. has recently established a technology of using a gypsum-containing cementitious material from coal of the cement in concrete mixtures could be replaced with the gypsum wallboard-Class C fly ash blend

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

109

Corn stalk orientation effect on mechanical cutting  

SciTech Connect

Research efforts that increase the efficiency of size reduction of biomass can lead to a significant energy saving. This paper deals with the determination of the effect of sample orientation with respect to cutting element and quantify the possible cutting energy reduction, utilising dry corn stalks as the test material (15%e20% wet basis). To evaluate the mechanical cutting characteristics of corn stalks, a Warnere Bratzler device was modified by replacing its blunt edged cutting element with one having a 30_ single bevel sharp knife edge. Cutting force-deformation characteristics obtained with a universal testing machine were analysed to evaluate the orientation effects at perpendicular (90o), inclined (45o), and parallel (0o) orientations on internodes and nodes for cutting force, energy, ultimate stress, and specific energy of corn stalks. The corn stalks cutting force-displacement characteristics were found to differ with orientation, and internode and node material difference. Overall, the peak failure force, and the total cutting energy of internodes and nodes varied significantly (P < 0.05) with stalk cross-sectional area. The specific energy values (total energy per unit cut area) of dry corn stalk internodes ranged from 11.3 to 23.5 kN m_1, and nodes from 8.6 to 14.0 kN m_1. The parallel orientation (along grain) compared to perpendicular (across grain) produced a significant reduction of the cutting stress and the specific energy to one tenth or better for internodes, and to about one-fifth for nodes.

Igathinathane, C. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Womac, A.R. [University of Tennessee; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Laser cutting with chemical reaction assist  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for cutting with a laser beam where an oxygen-hydrocarbon reaction is used to provide auxiliary energy to a metal workpiece to supplement the energy supplied by the laser. Oxygen is supplied to the laser focus point on the workpiece by a nozzle through which the laser beam also passes. A liquid hydrocarbon is supplied by coating the workpiece along the cutting path with the hydrocarbon prior to laser irradiation or by spraying a stream of hydrocarbon through a nozzle aimed at a point on the cutting path which is just ahead of the focus point during irradiation.

Gettemy, Donald J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Laser cutting with chemical reaction assist  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a method for cutting with a laser beam where an oxygen-hydrocarbon reaction is used to provide auxiliary energy to a metal workpiece to supplement the energy supplied by the laser. Oxygen is supplied to the laser focus point on the workpiece by a nozzle through which the laser beam also passes. A liquid hydrocarbon is supplied by coating the workpiece along the cutting path with the hydrocarbon prior to laser irradiation or by spraying a stream of hydrocarbon through a nozzle aimed at a point on the cutting path which is just ahead of the focus point during irradiation.

Gettemy, D.J.

1991-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

112

Ultrasonic cleaner cuts costs, enhances safety | Y-12 National Security  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ultrasonic Ultrasonic cleaner cuts ... Ultrasonic cleaner cuts costs, enhances safety Posted: August 27, 2013 - 1:42pm System engineers, Facility Design engineers, Production personnel and craft workers collaborated on a project to significantly upgrade a 30-year-old cleaning unit essential to parts-cleaning operations. "The work is interesting, but it's the people that get you back here every day." That's Facility Design engineer Ernie Lamb's summation of another successful team effort at Y-12, this time for the ultrasonic cleaner in Building 9201-1, or Alpha 1. Last fall the 30-year-old cleaning unit, essential to the building's parts-cleaning operations, was having difficulties. Today "the cleaner works better than ever," a result of a collaboration of system engineers,

113

Cuttings Analysis At Coso Geothermal Area (1985-1987) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5-1987) 5-1987) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Cuttings Analysis At Coso Geothermal Area (1985-1987) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date 1985 - 1987 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Analyze an indicator of high permeability zones within a geothermal field Notes Petrographic and geochemical analyses of cuttings from six wells in the Coso Hot Springs geothermal field show a systematic variation in the occurrence, texture, and composition of sericite that can be correlated with high permeability production zones and temperature. The wells studied intersect rhyolitic dikes and sills in the fractured granitic and dioritic

114

Fuel Cycle CrossCut Group  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CrossCut Group CrossCut Group 1 NERAC Briefing: Assessment of Dose of Closed vs Open Gen-IV Fuel Cycles David Wade NERAC Meeting September 30, 2002 Fuel Cycle CrossCut Group 2 Public Dose and Worker Dose Comparison of Open vs Closed Fuel Cycles * Gen-IV fuel cycle options are meant to address all stated Gen-IV Goals - Dose to workers and to the public is one of the numerous elements to be evaluated by Gen-IV R&D - The Fuel Cycle Crosscut Group was assigned to take an early look at dose implication tradeoffs of open and closed fuel cycles * FCCG Interpretation of Assignment: - Collect already-existing evaluations and prepare a briefing on what is currently known Fuel Cycle CrossCut Group 3 Approach * Look at Actual Historical Doses Based on Operational Experience - Data compiled by the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic

115

Hanes Brandes Choloma Cutting CDV Plant Profile  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Choloma Sportswear Cutting achieved the ENERGY STAR Challenge for Industry by reducing energy usage intensity 22.3% within 2 years of its 2009 baseline year. This resulted in an...

116

LLNL's Saturday lectures explore cutting edge science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

| NR-13-01-02 LLNL's Saturday lectures explore cutting edge science Linda A Lucchetti, LLNL, (925) 422-5815, lucchetti1@llnl.gov Printer-friendly Lawrence Livermore National...

117

An Efficient Algorithm for Computing Robust Minimum Capacity st Cuts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 3, 2008 ... The Minimum Capacity s-t Cut Problem (Min Cut) is an intensively ... In this paper, we study Min Cut when arc capacities are uncertain but ...

118

Fermilab | Take Five for Goal Zero | Gloves | Gunn Cut Leather...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gunn Cut Leather Gloves Gunn Cut Leather Gloves Description Color Finish Uses FNAL Stock Number Cow leather, gunn cut Foam lined Flame resistant cuff Sewn with Kevlar Blue and grey...

119

Mechanical Cutting of Irradiated Reactor Internal Components  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the use of mechanical cutting methods to volume reduce and package irradiated reactor internal components. The recent completion of the removal of the Reactor Vessel Internals (RVI) from within the Sacramento Municipal Utility District's (SMUD) Rancho Seco Nuclear Power Plant demonstrates that unlike previous methods used for similar projects, mechanical cutting minimizes exposure to workers, costly water cleanup, and excessive secondary waste generation. (authors)

Anderson, M.G.; Fennema, J.A. [MOTA Corporation, West Columbia, SC (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Finding good nearly balanced cuts in power law graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The green dots in figure 8-A represent cuts that were obtained using Spectral plus Swept Hyperplane .... Fast approximate energy minimization via graph cuts.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Cutting Electricity Costs in Miami-Dade County, Florida | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Cutting Electricity Costs in Miami-Dade County, Florida Cutting Electricity Costs in Miami-Dade County,...

122

Coordinated cutting plane generation via multi-objective separation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 12, 2012. Abstract. In cutting plane ... We propose a lexicographic multi- objective cutting plane generation scheme that generates, among all the maximally ...

123

Cuttings Analysis At Black Warrior Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cuttings Analysis At Black Warrior Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location Black Warrior Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not...

124

New Process for Producing Styrene Cuts Costs, Saves Energy, and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Process for Producing Styrene Cuts Costs, Saves Energy, and Reduces Greenhouse Gas Emissions New Process for Producing Styrene Cuts Costs, Saves Energy, and Reduces Greenhouse...

125

An Efficient Algorithm for Computing Robust Minimum Capacity st Cuts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 20, 2008 ... Abstract: The Minimum Capacity s-t Cut Problem (Min Cut) is an intensively studied problem in combinatorial optimization. In this paper, we ...

126

Cuttings Analysis At Glass Buttes Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cuttings Analysis At Glass Buttes Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Cuttings Analysis At Glass Buttes Area (DOE GTP)...

127

Rebates Cut the Price of Big-Time Efficiency Upgrades | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rebates Cut the Price of Big-Time Efficiency Upgrades Rebates Cut the Price of Big-Time Efficiency Upgrades Rebates Cut the Price of Big-Time Efficiency Upgrades February 22, 2010 - 5:52pm Addthis One of the smartest ways for homeowners to save money on major appliance upgrades is to hook into an energy efficiency rebate program. The Neighborhood Energy Connection (NEC), a non-profit organization in St. Paul, Minnesota, helps local residents take advantage of Xcel Energy's rebate programs that cut the cost of whole-house energy efficiency upgrades. It can start with a visit from the "Home Energy Squad", a program offered jointly by Xcel Energy and CenterPoint Energy, the local energy providers (NEC implements the program for Xcel Energy). The Energy Squad installs simple efficiency-improving products such as compact fluorescent

128

Dry Versus Wet Aging of Beef: Retail Cutting Yields and Palatability Evaluations of Steaks Using Alternative Cutting Styles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boneless ribeye rolls (n = 12) and boneless top sirloin butts (n = 12) were obtained from heavy weight carcasses (mean = 407.8 kg), assigned to one of two aging treatments (dry or wet) and aged for 35 days at a commercial aging facility. Cutting tests were performed at the end of the aging period to determine retail yields. Subprimals were fabricated using the Beef Alternative Merchandising cutting styles, isolating four specific muscles: M. spinalis thoracis, M. longissimus thoracis, M. gluteobiceps, and M. gluteus medius. Retail cutting tests showed wet-aged subprimals had higher (P < 0.0001) total saleable yield percentages with decreased cooler shrink and gross cut loss percentages. This resulted in wet-aged ribeye rolls and top sirloin butts yielding 1.5 times and 1.3 times more saleable product than dry-aged counterparts, respectively. In order to determine palatability characteristics, consumer sensory evaluations and trained panel evaluations were preformed. Palatability related to aging and muscle type resulted in significant differences. From a consumer standpoint, aging treatment influenced OLIKE, FLAV, FLEVEL, and BEEFLIKE but only through the interaction of aging treatment x muscle. Clearly, consumers rated the wet-aged, M. spinalis thoracis highest in each of the previously stated attributes. Aging also affected JUIC, whereas muscle type had a significant (P < 0.0001) effect on FLVBF, TEND, LEVTEND, JUIC, and LEVJUIC. As far as trained sensory attributes were concerned, a more concrete flavor profile of aged beef was obtained. In addition, dry-aged steaks had greater (P < 0.0001) cooking yield percentages when compared to wet-aged steaks.

Smith, Amanda 1987-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Statement from Energy Secretary Bodman on OPEC's Decision to Cut Crude Oil  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bodman on OPEC's Decision to Cut Bodman on OPEC's Decision to Cut Crude Oil Production Statement from Energy Secretary Bodman on OPEC's Decision to Cut Crude Oil Production October 19, 2006 - 9:17am Addthis "We continue to believe that it is best for oil producers and consumers alike to allow free markets to determine issues of supply, demand and price. Despite the recent downturn in crude oil prices, they remain at historically high levels, clearly indicating a global demand for petroleum products. And as past experience has shown, market intervention is not beneficial for producing or consuming nations. "While U.S. gasoline prices have fallen, crude inventories are high and our economy remains strong, we must reduce America's dependence on foreign energy sources, as President Bush has said time and again. To do so, we

130

Metal Cutting for Large Component Removal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decommissioning of commercial nuclear power plants presents technological challenges. One major challenge is the removal of large components mainly consisting of the reactor vessel, steam generators and pressurizer. In order to remove and package these large components nozzles must be cut from the reactor vessel to precise tolerances. In some cases steam generators must be segmented for size and weight reduction. One innovative technology that has been used successfully at several commercial nuclear plant decommissioning is diamond wire sawing. Diamond wire sawing is performed by rotating a cable with diamond segments attached using a flywheel approximately 24 inches in diameter driven remotely by a hydraulic pump. Tension is provided using a gear rack drive which also takes up the slack in the wire. The wire is guided through the use of pulleys keeps the wire in a precise location. The diamond wire consists of 1/4 inch aircraft cable with diamond beads strung over the cable separated by springs and brass crimps. Standard wire contains 40 diamond beads per meter and can be made to any length. Cooling the wire and controlling the spread of contamination presents significant challenges. Under normal circumstances the wire is cooled and the cutting kerf cleaned by using water. In some cases of reactor nozzle cuts the use of water is prohibited because it cannot be controlled. This challenge was solved by using liquid Carbon Dioxide as the cooling agent. The liquid CO{sub 2} is passed through a special nozzle which atomizes the liquid into snowflakes which is introduced under pressure to the wire. The snowflakes attach to the wire keeping it cool and to the metal shavings. As the CO{sub 2} and metal shavings are released from the wire due to its fast rotation, the snowflakes evaporate leaving only the fine metal shavings as waste. Secondary waste produced is simply the small volume of fine metal shavings removed from the cut surface. Diamond wire sawing using CO{sub 2} cooling has been employed for cutting the reactor nozzles at San Onofre Unit 1 and at Connecticut Yankee. These carbon steel nozzles ranged up to 54 inch diameter with a 15 inch thick wall and an interior stainless cladding. Diamond wire sawing using traditional water cooling has been used to segment the reactor head at Rancho Seco and for cutting reactor nozzles and control rod drive tubes at Dairyland Power's Lacrosse BWR project. Advantages: - ALARA: All cutting is preformed remotely significantly reducing dose. Stringing of wires is accomplished using long handle tools. - Secondary waste is reduced to just the volume of material cut with the diamond wire. - The potential for airborne contamination is eliminated. Due to the flexibility of the wire, any access restrictions and interferences can be accommodated using pulleys and long handle tools. - The operation is quiet. Disadvantages: - With Liquid Carbon Dioxide cooling and cleaning, delivery of the material must be carefully planned. The longer the distance from the source to the cut area, the greater the chance for pressure drop and subsequent problems with line freezing. - Proper shrouding and ventilation are required for environmental reasons. In each case, the metal structures were cut at a precise location. Radiation dose was reduced significantly by operating the equipment from a remote location. The cuts were very smooth and completed on schedule. Each project must be analyzed individually and take into account many factors including access, radiological conditions, environmental conditions, schedule requirements, packaging requirements and size of cuts.

Hulick, Robert M. [Bluegrass Concrete Cutting Inc., 107 Mildred Street PO Box 427, Greenville, Alabama 36037 (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

131

Image segmentation by iterated region merging with localized graph cuts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an iterated region merging-based graph cuts algorithm which is a novel extension of the standard graph cuts algorithm. Graph cuts addresses segmentation in an optimization framework and finds a globally optimal solution to a wide ... Keywords: Graph cuts, Image segmentation, Region merging

Bo Peng; Lei Zhang; David Zhang; Jian Yang

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Mechanical cutting of irradiated reactor internal components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mechanical cutting methods to volume reduce and package reactor internal components are now a viable solution for stakeholders challenged with the retirement of first generation nuclear facilities. The recent completion of the removal of the Reactor Vessel Internals (RVI) from within the Sacramento Municipal Utility District's (SMUD) Rancho Seco Nuclear Power Plant demonstrates that unlike previous methods, inclusive of plasma arc and abrasive water-jet cutting, mechanical cutting minimizes exposure to workers, costly water cleanup, and excessive secondary waste generation. Reactor internal components were segmented, packaged, and removed from the reactor building for shipment or storage, allowing the reactor cavity to be drained and follow-on reactor segmentation activities to proceed in the dry state. Area exposure rates at the work positions during the segmentation process were generally 1 mR per hr. Radiological exposure documented for the underwater segmentation processes totaled 13 person rem. The reactor internals weighing 343,000 pounds were segmented into over 200 pieces for maximum shipping package efficiency and produced 5,600 lb of stainless steel chips and shavings which were packaged in void spaces of existing disposal containers, therefore creating no additional disposal volume. Because no secondary waste was driven into suspension in the reactor cavity water, the water was free released after one pass through a charcoal bed and ion exchange filter system. Mechanical cutting techniques are capable of underwater segmentation of highly radioactive components on a large scale. This method minimized radiological exposure and costly water cleanup while creating no secondary waste.

Anderson, Michael G. [MOTA Corporation: 3410 Sunset Boulevard, West Columbia, SC, 29169 (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

Interpretation of drill cuttings from geothermal wells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Problems in interpreting drill cuttings, as opposed to drill cores, and methods to solve these problems are outlined. The following are covered: identification of lithology; recognition of faults and fractures; interpretation of hydrothermal alteration; geochemistry; sample collection; sample preparple examination; and sample storage. (MHR)

Hulen, J.B.; Sibbett, B.S.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Region growing for multi-route cuts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study a number of multi-route cut problems: given a graph G = (V, E) and connectivity thresholds k(u, v) on pairs of nodes, the goal is to find a minimum cost set of edges or vertices the removal of which ...

Siddharth Barman; Shuchi Chawla

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

A RANDOMIZED CUTTING PLANE METHOD WITH ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

uniform generation of random points in the convex body is available. Under this ... A center of gravity version of cutting plane, for a slightly different problem ... which is updated at each step and is guaranteed to always contain the feasible set. First of ...... The method was tested over a range of problems whose data were.

136

Estimating Gas Production from a Cut Off Survey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Test files have been generated for several areas for the initial model development and testing. Test files for Texas, Oklahoma, GOM, New Mexico, Louisiana, ...

137

Railroad Modelers Cut Metal Production Facilities Down to Size  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Freytag, who has authored more than 60 articles and two books on modeling the steel industry, says he chose not to base the plant on any particular mill, so that ...

138

Using gypsUm and Other CalCiUm amendments in sOUthwestern sOils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

materials, waste products of phosphate fertilizer production (phosphogypsum) or from power plant stack

Sanderson, Mike

139

Innovative approach for restoring coastal wetlands using treated drill cuttings  

SciTech Connect

The leading environmental problem facing coastal Louisiana regions is the loss of wetlands. Oil and gas exploration and production activities have contributed to wetland damage through erosion at numerous sites where canals have been cut through the marsh to access drilling sites. An independent oil and gas producer, working with Southeastern Louisiana University and two oil field service companies, developed a process to stabilize drill cuttings so that they could be used as a substrate to grow wetlands vegetation. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funded a project under which the process would be validated through laboratory studies and field demonstrations. The laboratory studies demonstrated that treated drill cuttings support the growth of wetlands vegetation. However, neither the Army Corps of Engineers (COE) nor the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) would grant regulatory approval for afield trial of the process. Argonne National Laboratory was asked to join the project team to try to find alternative mechanisms for gaining regulatory approval. Argonne worked with EPA's Office of Reinvention and learned that EPA's Project XL would be the only regulatory program under which the proposed field trial could be done. One of the main criteria for an acceptable Project XL proposal is to have a formal project sponsor assume the responsibility and liability for the project. Because the proposed project involved access to private land areas, the team felt that an oil and gas company with coastal Louisiana land holdings would need to serve as sponsor. Despite extensive communication with oil and gas companies and industry associations, the project team was unable to find any organization willing to serve as sponsor. In September 1999, the Project XL proposal was withdrawn and the project was canceled.

Veil, J. A.; Hocking, E. K.

1999-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

140

A Review of Agricultural and Other Land Application Uses of Flue Gas Desulfurization Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The production of flue gas desulfurization (FGD) products, especially FGD gypsum, is expected to increase substantially over the next ten to twenty years in response to clean air initiatives. There are a large number of agricultural and other land application uses of FGD products that have received previous research and development attention, but only in specific locations of the United States and under limited conditions of crops, climate and soil types. This report discusses current and potential futur...

2006-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

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141

Keeping the Lights on While Cutting Costs.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1992, the Bonneville Power Administration spent $361 million in capital on a system to transmit electricity. By 1998, it was spending about one-third that amount: $123 million. In 1992, BPA`s expenses for managing, operating and maintaining the transmission system ran $160 million. By 1998, BPA had cut expenses to $128 million. Maintenance costs alone were cut 28%. In 1992, management of the grid was split into six organizations. Today, there is one. About 2,900 people worked for transmission in October 1992. By February 1998, the Transmission Business Line (TBL) employed 1,855. Transmission in 1992 for the most part meant new towers, lines and substations. Today it means computers, digital communications and electronic controls.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Prototype arc saw design and cutting trials  

SciTech Connect

A program was initiated to develop the arc saw as a tool capable of removing the end fittings from spent nuclear fuel bundles. A special arc saw for this purpose was designed, installed at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory and satisfactorily operated to remove end fittings from simulated, nonradioactive fuel bundles. The design of the arc saw included consideration of the cutting environment, power supply size, control equipment, and work piece size. Several simulated fuel bundles were cut to demonstrate that the arc saw met design specifications. Although the arc saw development program was curtailed before significant performance data could be collected, tests indicate that the arc saw is a good means of cropping spent fuel bundles and is well suited to remote operation and maintenance.

Allison, G.S.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Fractional cut: Improved recursive bisection placement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present improvements to recursive bisection based placement. In contrast to prior work, our horizontal cut lines are not restricted to row boundaries; this avoids a “narrow region” problem. To support these new cut line positions, a dynamic programming based legalization algorithm has been developed. The combination of these has improved the stability and lowered the wire lengths produced by our Feng Shui placement tool. On benchmarks derived from industry partitioning examples, our results are close to those of the annealing based tool Dragon, while taking only a fraction of the run time. On synthetic benchmarks, our wire lengths are nearly 23 % better than those of Dragon. For both benchmark suites, our results are substantially better than those of the recursive bisection based tool Capo and the analytic placement tool Kraftwerk. 1.

Ameya Agnihotri; Mehmet Can; Yildiz Ateen; Khatkhate Ajita; Mathur Satoshi; Ono Patrick; H. Madden

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Mowers Help Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on AddThis.com... Aug. 8, 2013 Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions " We're very proud to be an example of what the National Park Service can

145

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Smithtown Selects CNG Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on AddThis.com... April 7, 2011 Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs

146

Rooftop Solar Challenge to Cut Solar's Red Tape | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Challenge to Cut Solar's Red Tape Rooftop Solar Challenge to Cut Solar's Red Tape December 1, 2011 - 4:35pm Addthis Ginny Simmons Ginny Simmons Former Managing Editor for...

147

Computations with Disjunctive Cuts for Two-Stage Stochastic Mixed ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Table 2: LP D Computational Results for SSCh. Instance Iters LP D Cuts L2 Cuts CPU (secs). ZLB. ZUB. ZIP BFC c1. 296. 1127. 41. 10932.50 -206760 -184439.

148

Rooftop Solar Challenge to Cut Solar's Red Tape | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rooftop Solar Challenge to Cut Solar's Red Tape Rooftop Solar Challenge to Cut Solar's Red Tape December 1, 2011 - 4:35pm Addthis Ginny Simmons Ginny Simmons Former Managing Editor...

149

Two dimensional lattice-free cuts and asymmetric disjunctions for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the relationship between 2D lattice-free cuts, the family of cuts ... maximal lattice-free sets in R2, and various types of disjunctions.

150

A polynomial-time approximation scheme for planar multiway cut  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given an undirected graph with edge lengths and a subset of nodes (called the terminals), the multiway cut (also called the multi-terminal cut) problem asks for a subset of edges, with minimum total length, whose removal disconnects ...

MohammadHossein Bateni; MohammadTaghi Hajiaghayi; Philip N. Klein; Claire Mathieu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

A note on branch-and-cut-and-price  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a methodology for branch-and-cut-and-price when cuts and columns are generated simultaneously. The methodology is illustrated with two application cases: the Split Delivery Vehicle Routing Problem (SDVRP) and the Bus Rapid Transit ... Keywords: Branch-and-cut-and-price, Bus Rapid Transit Route Design Problem, Column generation, Split Delivery Vehicle Routing Problem

Dominique Feillet; Michel Gendreau; AndréS L. Medaglia; Jose L. Walteros

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

An Intelligent System for Petroleum Well Drilling Cutting Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cutting analysis is a important and crucial task task to detect and prevent problems during the petroleum well drilling process. Several studies have been developed for drilling inspection, but none of them takes care about analysing the generated cutting ... Keywords: Cutting analysis, petroleum well drilling monitoring, optimum-path forest

Aparecido N. Marana; Giovani Chiachia; Ivan R. Guilherme; João P. Papa

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Slag capture and removal during laser cutting. [Patent application  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Molten metal removed from a workpiece in a laser cutting operation is blown away from the cutting point by a gas jet and collected on an electromagnet. The laser cutting is used to separate the castings of spent fuel rods from the fuel-containing elements therein.

Brown, C.O.

1982-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

154

Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are serious concerns about the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, energy and nutrient and water use efficiency of large-scale, first generation bio-energy feedstocks currently in use. A major question is whether biofuels obtained from these feedstocks are effective in combating climate change and what impact they will have on soil and water resources. Another fundamental issue relates to the magnitude and nature of their impact on food prices and ultimately on the livelihoods of the poor. A possible solution to overcome the current potentially large negative effects of large-scale biofuel production is developing second and third generation conversion techniques from agricultural residues and wastes and step up the scientific research efforts to achieve sustainable biofuel production practices. Until such sustainable techniques are available governments should scale back their support for and promotion of biofuels. Multipurpose feedstocks should be investigated making use of the bio-refinery concept (bio-based economy). At the same time, the further development of non-commercial, small scale

Science Council Secretariat

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

The admissibility of cut in the cut-free sequent calculus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the last lecture we saw cut elimination as the global version of cut reduction. In this lecture we begin with identity, which is the global version of identity expansion. Together, they provide the basis for understanding the left and right rules in the sequent calculus as meaning explanations of the logical connectives, a program with a long history [Dum91, ML83]. The cut-free sequent calculus is a good basis for proof search, but it still has too much nondeterminism. One way to reduce this nondeterminism is inversion, which we discuss in this lecture. Another is chaining, which will be subject of the next lecture. Together, these two strategies make up focusing [And92], which has found many applications in logic and programming languages.

Frank Pfenning

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

DOE Awards Supercomputer Access to Cutting-Edge Projects | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Supercomputer Access to Cutting-Edge Projects Supercomputer Access to Cutting-Edge Projects DOE Awards Supercomputer Access to Cutting-Edge Projects December 18, 2008 - 8:51am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science announced today that 66 projects addressing some of the greatest scientific challenges have been awarded access to some of the world's most powerful supercomputers at DOE national laboratories. The projects-competitively selected for their technical readiness and scientific merit-will advance research in key areas such as astrophysics, climate change, new materials, energy production and biology, and thereby advance U.S. competitiveness. "From understanding the makeup of our universe to protecting the quality of life here on earth, the computational science now possible using DOE's

157

Benefits of explosive cutting for nuclear-facility applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study discussed in this report was a cost/benefit analysis to determine: (1) whether explosive cutting is cost effective in comparison with alternative metal sectioning methods and (2) whether explosive cutting would reduce radiation exposure or provide other benefits. Two separate approaches were pursued. The first was to qualitatively assess cutting methods and factors involved in typical sectioning cases and then compare the results for the cutting methods. The second was to prepare estimates of work schedules and potential radiation exposures for candidate sectioning methods for two hypothetical, but typical, sectioning tasks. The analysis shows that explosive cutting would be cost effective and would also reduce radiation exposure when used for typical nuclear facility sectioning tasks. These results indicate that explosive cutting should be one of the principal cutting methods considered whenever steel or similar metal structures or equipment in a nuclear facility are to be sectioned for repair or decommissioning. 13 figures, 7 tables. (DLC)

Hazelton, R.F.; Lundgren, R.A.; Allen, R.P.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Tool for cutting insulation from electrical cables  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is an efficient hand tool for precisely slitting the sheath of insulation on an electrical cable--e.g., a cable two inches in diameter--in a manner facilitating subsequent peeling or stripping of the insulation. The tool includes a rigid frame which is slidably fitted on an end section of the cable. The frame carries a rigidly affixed handle and an opposed, elongated blade-and-handle assembly. The blade-and-handle assembly is pivotally supported by a bracket which is slidably mounted on the frame for movement toward and away from the cable, thus providing an adjustment for the depth of cut. The blade-and-handle assembly is mountable to the bracket in two pivotable positions. With the assembly mounted in the first position, the tool is turned about the cable to slit the insulation circumferentially. With the assembly mounted in the second position, the tool is drawn along the cable to slit the insulation axially. When cut both circumferentially and axially, the insulation can easily be peeled from the cable.

Harless, Charles E. (Metropolis, IL); Taylor, Ward G. (Vienna, IL)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Rapid Characterization of Drill Core and Cutting Mineralogy using Infrared  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rapid Characterization of Drill Core and Cutting Mineralogy using Infrared Rapid Characterization of Drill Core and Cutting Mineralogy using Infrared Spectroscopy Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Rapid Characterization of Drill Core and Cutting Mineralogy using Infrared Spectroscopy Abstract Infrared spectroscopy is particularly good at identifying awide variety of hydrothermally altered minerals with no samplepreparation, and is especially helpful in discrimination amongclay minerals. We have performed several promising pilot studieson geothermal drill core and cuttings that suggest the efficiencyof the technique to sample continuously and provide alterationlogs similar to geophysical logs. We have successfully identifiedlayered silicates, zeolites, opal, calcite, and iron oxides and

160

Cuttings Analysis At International Geothermal Area, Philippines (Laney,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cuttings Analysis At International Geothermal Area Cuttings Analysis At International Geothermal Area Philippines (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location International Geothermal Area Philippines Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Improving Exploration Models of Andesite-Hosted Geothermal Systems, Allis, Browne, Bruton, Christensen, Hulen, Lutz, Mindenhall, Nemcok, Norman, Powell and Stimac. The approach we are using is to characterize the petrology, geochemistry and fractures in core and cuttings samples and then integrate these data with measured downhole temperatures and pressures and with the compositions of the reservoir fluids. Our investigations represent cooperative efforts with the Karaha-Bodas Co. LLC (a subsidiary of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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161

Investigation of a Hybrid Cutting Tool Design for Shearing ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Investigation of a Hybrid Cutting Tool Design for Shearing Operations of ... Challenges in Applying Diamond Coatings to Carbide Twist Drills.

162

Properties of a Cutting Plane Method for Semidefinite Programming1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 11, 2012 ... on Ising spin glass MaxCut problems with 10000 vertices, taken from [20]. We use .... A parallel interior point decomposition algorithm for block.

163

Coordinated cutting plane generation via multi-objective separation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 23, 2011 ... We propose a lexicographic multi-objective cutting plane generation scheme that generates, ... Mathematical Programming A. pp 1-24 (2012).

164

Optimization Online - Robust Branch-Cut-and-Price for the ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 30, 2006 ... Robust Branch-Cut-and-Price for the Capacitated Minimum Spanning Tree Problem over a Large Extended Formulation. Eduardo Uchoa ...

165

Cuttings Analysis At Flint Geothermal Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Unknown References (1 January 2011) GTP ARRA Spreadsheet Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCuttingsAnalysisAtFlintGeothermalArea(DOEGTP)&oldid402132...

166

Welding Cutting and Brazing Assessment Plan Assessment plan ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

This assessment is to verify hot work requirements associated with welding, cutting, burning, brazing, grinding and other spark- or flame-producing operations have been...

167

Cuttings Analysis At Wister Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wister Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location Wister Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown...

168

Cuttings Analysis At Colrado Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colrado Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location Colado Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding...

169

Cuttings Analysis At Alum Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alum Geothermal Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location Alum Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding...

170

Cuttings Analysis At Maui Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maui Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location Maui Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References (1...

171

Robust Branch-Cut-and-Price for the Capacitated Minimum ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a robust branch-cut-and-price algorithm for the Capacitated ... of the pricing subproblem or the size of the LPs that are actually solved.

172

A semidefinite programming based polyhedral cut and price ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 17, 2004 ... A semidefinite programming based polyhedral cut and price algorithm for the maxcut problem. Kartik Krishnan (kartik ***at*** rice.edu)

173

Casting simulation software cuts energy use and waste generation ...  

Casting simulation software cuts energy use and waste generation in half. Caterpillar Inc. Peoria, IL. Argonne and Caterpillar (Peoria, Ill.) have developed ...

174

Ribbon cutting marks chemistry laboratory upgrades at Northern...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

November 2013 Ribbon cutting marks chemistry laboratory upgrades at Northern New Mexico College Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest...

175

Portable top drive cuts horizontal drilling costs  

SciTech Connect

Economic analysis of a seven-well, long-reach horizontal drilling program into an unconsolidated, heavy-oil-bearing reservoir in Winter field near the Alberta/Saskatchewan border in Canada reveals that -- in the right application -- renting a portable top drive drilling system can reduce total drilling costs. Use of the portable top drive combined with other cost-saving measures enabled Saskoil, one of Canada`s larger independents, to drill more cheaply, on a cost-per-meter basis, in 1993 than in 1992. This was despite significant rental rates for drilling rigs and directional drilling services caused by increased demand in Western Canada. Total cost savings of 10% on wells that would otherwise cost in the (C) $500,000 range are believed realistic. Based on this year`s performance, Saskoil recommends top drive for the company`s future horizontal wells in this area. This article describes the operator`s horizontal well program, advantages of top drive in that program and how it was installed and applied. Estimated time savings for six wells, plus other ways top drive can cut costs and improve operations are discussed.

Jackson, B. [Saskoil, Regina, Saskatchewan (Canada); Yager, D. [Tesco Drilling Tech., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

An Analytic Center Cutting Plane Approach for Conic Programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyze the problem of finding a point strictly interior to a bounded, convex, and fully dimensional set from a finite dimensional Hilbert space. We generalize the results obtained for the linear programming (LP), semidefinite programming (SDP), and ... Keywords: analytic center, conic programming, cutting plane, cutting surface, feasibility problem

Vasile L. Basescu; John E. Mitchell

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Hiroshi Ishikawa A Practical Introduction to Graph Cut  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology Contents Overview / Brief history Energy minimization Graphs and their minimum cuts Energy Elevation map #12;History Probablistic methods (SA, ICM,...) have been used for energy minimization OR has Overview / Brief history Energy minimization Graphs and their minimum cuts Energy minimization via graph

Ishikawa, Hiroshi

178

Clique problem, cutting plane proofs and communication complexity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by its relation to the length of cutting plane proofs for the Maximum Biclique problem, we consider the following communication game on a given graph G with maximum bipartite clique size K. Two parties separately receive disjoint subsets A, ... Keywords: Clique problem, Communication complexity, Computational complexity, Cutting plane proof

Stasys Jukna

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

An accurate moving boundary formulation in cut-cell methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cut-cell method for Cartesian meshes to simulate viscous compressible flows with moving boundaries is presented. We focus on eliminating unphysical oscillations occurring in Cartesian grid methods extended to moving-boundary problems. In these methods, ... Keywords: Compressible Navier-Stokes, Cut-cell method, Immersed boundary method, Moving boundary, Oscillating cylinder, Spurious force oscillations

Lennart Schneiders; Daniel Hartmann; Matthias Meinke; Wolfgang SchröDer

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Cutting Wasteful Spending While Protecting Our Priorities | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cutting Wasteful Spending While Protecting Our Priorities Cutting Wasteful Spending While Protecting Our Priorities Cutting Wasteful Spending While Protecting Our Priorities June 28, 2013 - 4:06pm Addthis Aoife McCarthy Press Secretary, Office of Public Affairs It is essential for Republicans and Democrats in Congress to work together on a budget that cuts wasteful spending while supporting jobs, the economy, and middle-class families. The President has been clear that he will not sign individual appropriations bills that simply attempt to enact the House Republican budget into law, which would hurt our economy and make draconian cuts to middle class priorities. Instead of reinforcing the Administration's all-of-the-above approach to energy, the House Republican Energy and Water Appropriations bill drastically undermines the work of the Department of Energy. It undermines

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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181

CRAD, Welding, Cutting and Brazing Assessment Plan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Welding, Cutting and Brazing Assessment Plan Welding, Cutting and Brazing Assessment Plan CRAD, Welding, Cutting and Brazing Assessment Plan Performance Objective: This assessment is to verify hot work requirements associated with welding, cutting, burning, brazing, grinding and other spark- or flame-producing operations have been implemented. Verify that the requirements implemented are appropriate for preventing loss of life and property from fire, and personal injury from contact with or exposure to molten metals, vapors, radiant energy, injurious rays and sparks. Criteria: Establish designated area in which routine and repetitive welding, cutting, and other spark- or flame producing operations are conducted [1910.252(a)(2)(iv),1910.252(a)(2)(vi)(A), 1910.252(a)(2)(xv), General Requirements].

182

Using Incentive Plans to Boost Productivity in Manufacturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... with the theory being that fewer employees would cut payroll costs and force the ... company performance rather than as a daily motivator for plant production.

183

Cuttings Analysis At Imperial Valley Geothermal Area (1976) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Cuttings Analysis At Imperial Valley Geothermal Area (1976) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Cuttings Analysis At Imperial Valley Geothermal Area (1976) Exploration Activity Details Location Imperial Valley Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date 1976 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine the geologic environment of the geothermal area Notes The geologic environment of the particular areas of interest are described, including rock types, geologic structure, and other important parameters

184

Cuttings Analysis At Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area (1976) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Cuttings Analysis At Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area (1976) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Cuttings Analysis At Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area (1976) Exploration Activity Details Location Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date 1976 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine the geologic environment of the geothermal area Notes The geologic environment of the particular areas of interest are described, including rock types, geologic structure, and other important parameters that help describe the reservoir and overlying cap rock. References Pratt, H. R.; Simonson, E. R. (1 January 1976) Geotechnical

185

An analytic center cutting plane approach for conic programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the problem of finding a point strictly interior to a bounded, fully dimensional set from a finite dimensional Hilbert space. We generalize the results obtained for the LP, SDP and SOCP cases. The cuts added by our algorithm are central and conic. In our analysis, we find an upper bound for the number of Newton steps required to compute an approximate analytic center. Also, we provide an upper bound for the total number of cuts added to solve the problem. This bound depends on the quality of the cuts, the dimensionality of the problem and the thickness of the set we are considering.

Vasile L Basescu; John E Mitchell

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Sequence stratigraphic interpretation methods for low-accommodation, alluvial depositional sequences: applications to reservoir characterization of Cut Bank field, Montana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In South Central Cut Bank Sand Unit (SCCBSU) of Cut Bank field, primary production and waterflood projects have resulted in recovery of only 29 % of the original oil in place from heterogeneous, fluvial sandstone deposits. Using highresolution sequence stratigraphy and geostatistical analysis, I developed a geologic model that may improve the ultimate recovery of oil from this field. In this study, I assessed sequence stratigraphic concepts for continental settings and extended the techniques to analyze low-accommodation alluvial systems of the Cut Bank and Sunburst members of the lower Kootenai formation (Cretaceous) in Cut Bank field. Identification and delineation of five sequences and their bounding surfaces led to a better understanding of the reservoir distribution and variability. Recognition of stacking patterns allowed for the prediction of reservoir rock quality. Within each systems tract, the best quality reservoir rocks are strongly concentrated in the lowstand systems tract. Erosional events associated with falling baselevel resulted in stacked, communicated (multistory) reservoirs. The lowermost Cut Bank sandstone has the highest reservoir quality and is a braided stream parasequence. Average net-to-gross ratio value (0.6) is greater than in other reservoir intervals. Little additional stratigraphically untapped oil is expected in the lowermost Cut Bank sandstone. Over most of the SCCBSU, the Sunburst and the upper Cut Bank strata are valley-fill complexes with interfluves that may laterally compartmentalize reservoir sands. Basal Sunburst sand (Sunburst 1, average net-to-gross ratio ~0.3) has better reservoir quality than other Sunburst or upper Cut Bank sands, but its reservoir quality is significantly less than that of lower Cut Bank sand. Geostatistical analysis provided equiprobable representations of the heterogeneity of reservoirs. Simulated reservoir geometries resulted in an improved description of reservoir distribution and connectivity, as well as occurrences of flow barriers. The models resulting from this study can be used to improve reservoir management and well placement and to predict reservoir performance in Cut Bank field. The technical approaches and tools from this study can be used to improve descriptions of other oil and gas reservoirs in similar depositional systems.

Ramazanova, Rahila

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Cuttings Analysis At Fenton Hill Hdr Geothermal Area (Laughlin...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes A few cores (see Table I), cuttings collected at 1.5- or 3-m intervals, and random samples from a "junk basket" run...

188

Budget Cutting and the Value of Weather Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors discuss the relationship between budget-cutting exercises and knowledge of the value of weather services. The complex interaction between quality (accuracy) and value of weather forecasts prevents theoretical approaches from ...

Charles A. Doswell III; Harold E. Brooks

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

WinCuts: Manipulating Arbitrary Window Regions for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Each window on our computer desktop provides a view into some information. Although users can currently manipulate multiple windows, we assert that being able to spatially arrange smaller regions of these windows could help users perform certain tasks more efficiently. In this paper, we describe a novel interaction technique that allows users to replicate arbitrary regions of existing windows into independent windows called WinCuts. Each WinCut is a live view of a region of the source window with which users can interact. We also present an extension that allows users to share WinCuts across multiple devices. Next, we classify the set of tasks for which WinCuts may be useful, both in single as well as multiple device scenarios. We present high level implementation details so that other researchers can replicate this work. And finally, we discuss future work that we will pursue in extending these ideas.

More Effective Use; Desney S. Tan; Brian Meyers; Mary Czerwinski

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Laser Cutting and Size Reduction. Innovative Technology Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

The project utilizes a Neodymium Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Nd:YAG) laser to cut and size reduce equipment in the 324 Laboratory B Hot Cell located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. This project will demonstrate the ability of the Nd:Yag laser to remotely and safely dismantle equipment faster, cheaper, and more efficiently than baseline cutting methods, such as the plasma torch and the water knife, in a highly radioactive area using fiber optics.

None

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

LP and SDP Branch-and-Cut Algorithms for the Minimum Graph ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

more from separating the cycle inequalities of the cut polytope on a slightly .... recent successful study of a combined semidefinite polyhedral branch-and-cut ap -.

192

A Robust Branch-Cut-and-Price Algorithm for the Heterogeneous ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

routes that makes the pricing problem solvable in pseudo-polynomial time. ... is shown that these cuts can be incorporated into a Branch-Cut-and-Price (BCP) ...

193

Products of an Artificially Induced Hydrothermal System at Yucca Mountain  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Studies of mineral deposition in the recent geologic past at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, address competing hypotheses of hydrothermal alteration and deposition from percolating groundwater. The secondary minerals being studied are calcite-opal deposits in fractures and lithophysal cavities of ash-flow tuffs exposed in the Exploratory Studies Facility (ESF), a 7.7-km tunnel excavated by the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project within Yucca Mountain. An underground field test in the ESF provided information about the minerals deposited by a short-lived artificial hydrothermal system and an opportunity for comparison of test products with the natural secondary minerals. The heating phase lasted nine months, followed by a nine-month cooling period. Natural pore fluids were the only source of water during the thermal test. Condensation and reflux of water driven away from the heater produced fluid flow in certain fractures and intersecting boreholes. The mineralogic products of the thermal test are calcite-gypsum aggregates of less than 4-micrometer crystals and amorphous silica as glassy scale less than 0.2 mm thick and as mounds of tubules with diameters less than 0.7 micrometers. The minute crystal sizes of calcite and gypsum from the field test are very different from the predominantly coarser calcite crystals (up to cm scale) in natural secondary-mineral deposits at the site. The complex micrometer-scale textures of the amorphous silica differ from the simple forms of opal spherules and coatings in the natural deposits, even though some natural spherules are as small as 1 micrometer. These differences suggest that the natural minerals, especially if they were of hydrothermal origin, may have developed coarser or simpler forms during subsequent episodes of dissolution and redeposition. The presence of gypsum among the test products and its absence from the natural secondary-mineral assemblage may indicate a higher degree of evaporation during the test than during the deposition of natural calcite-opal deposits.

S. Levy

2000-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

194

Coiled tubing flowline cuts wetlands disturbance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Operators in environmentally sensitive wetland areas of South Louisiana have used jointed, or stickpipe flowlines to transmit oil and gas to and from wellsites and production facilities. Recently, a new method featuring coiled tubing was introduced, using it as a recyclable gas flowline. The coiled tubing method eliminates potential environmental damage that could occur when stickpipe is used and it allows the tubing to be easily recovered and reused when the well is taken out of service. This article describes economic advantages of using coiled tubing and how its use simplified environmental constraints encountered in swamps. It is an expanded version of the authors` presentation to World Oil`s Coiled Tubing Conference, Houston, March, 1993.

Coats, E.A. [Halliburton Services, New Orleans, LA (United States); Marinello, S.A. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

6 Agronomic Recommendations and Procedures 2007 Peanut Production Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-1200 Texasgulf Gypsum (Phosphogypsum) 50 --- 1500-1800 ISG Resources, Inc. Peanut Maker (Semi-Granular) 71

Liskiewicz, Maciej

196

Agronomic Recommendations and Procedures 2007 Peanut Production Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-1200 Texasgulf Gypsum (Phosphogypsum) 50 --- 1500-1800 ISG Resources, Inc. Peanut Maker (Semi-Granular) 71

Liskiewicz, Maciej

197

Deep Energy Cuts for a Fresh Start  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This case study describes an energy-efficient retrofit of 1930's bungalow in Pittsburgh, PA, done in 2008 by New Jersey builder and remodeler Bill Asdal. The gut rehab brought the home’s Home Energy Rating System (HERS) index scores from 185 down to an impressive 65, performance that makes the home 35% better than the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code. The builder kept the shell but stripped the walls down to the studs to seal, caulk, and insulate the building envelope; they also upgraded HVAC, water heating, appliances, lighting, and windows with higher performance but readily available products. A blower door infiltration test showed an air infiltration rate reduction from 0.53 ACH to 0.21 ACH and modeling of energy use showed a drop in total annual energy use from 271 million BTU to 92 million BTU. The home was used as a demonstration home at the ACI 2008 conference in Pittsburgh PA. The builder, Bill Asdal, was the chair of the retrofit committee of the National Association of Home Builders which is partially sponsored by DOE's Building America program. The article, under this title, appeared as the cover story in the trade journal Home Energy magazine Jan Feb 2009 issue. A modified version of this case study under the title "Comprehensive Energy Retrofits Case Study: Asdal Builders, LLC, Pittsburgh, PA" was distributed at the EEBA (Energy and Environmental Building Alliance) Annual Conference in Denver, Colorado, Sept 28-30, 2009.

Gilbride, Theresa L.

2009-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

198

New Process for Producing Styrene Cuts Costs, Saves Energy, and Reduces Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Styrofoam cups are one of many Styrofoam cups are one of many products made from styrene monomer. Exelus Inc. (Livingston, NJ), established in 2000, develops and licenses "Cleaner-by- Design" chemical technologies to produce a vast array of products and materials used in consumer goods, transportation, and food processing. Currently, the company's principal process technologies are: ExSact - a refining technology that overcomes the environmental concerns, safety hazards and rising costs associated with conventional liquid acid technologies ExSyM - energy efficient, low cost SM production technology BTG - efficient, cost-effective conversion of biomass to clean, high-octane, gasoline-compatible fuel http://www.exelusinc.com/ New Process for Producing Styrene Cuts Costs, Saves Energy, and Reduces

199

DOE Honors WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse Gas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Honors WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse DOE Honors WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse Gas Emissions DOE Honors WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse Gas Emissions June 29, 2012 - 12:19pm Addthis Judy McLemore from the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant led efforts to reduce the DOE’s vehicle fleet by 20 percent, improving sustainability and saving money. Under her leadership, greenhouse gas emissions associated with business travel were reduced by 63 percent and travel costs were reduced by greater than 60 percent. Judy McLemore from the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant led efforts to reduce the DOE's vehicle fleet by 20 percent, improving sustainability and saving money. Under her leadership, greenhouse gas emissions associated with business travel were reduced by 63 percent and travel costs were

200

Cuttings Analysis At Bacca Ranch Geothermal Area (1976) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bacca Ranch Geothermal Area (1976) Bacca Ranch Geothermal Area (1976) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Cuttings Analysis At Bacca Ranch Geothermal Area (1976) Exploration Activity Details Location Bacca Ranch Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date 1976 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine the geologic environment of the geothermal area Notes The geologic environment of the particular areas of interest are described, including rock types, geologic structure, and other important parameters that help describe the reservoir and overlying cap rock. References Pratt, H. R.; Simonson, E. R. (1 January 1976) Geotechnical studies of geothermal reservoirs Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Cuttings_Analysis_At_Bacca_Ranch_Geothermal_Area_(1976)&oldid=473907"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Solar Decathlon Opening Ceremony and VIP Ribbon Cutting | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Opening Ceremony and VIP Ribbon Cutting Opening Ceremony and VIP Ribbon Cutting Solar Decathlon Opening Ceremony and VIP Ribbon Cutting September 21, 2011 - 1:52pm Addthis Solar Decathlon 2011 at West Potomac Park Solar Decathlon 2011 at West Potomac Park Program Features Government Officials, Students and Foreign Dignitaries WASHINGTON, DC - A ceremony on Thursday featuring U.S. government officials, students, foreign dignitaries and event sponsors will officially open the solar village of the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011 at the National Mall's West Potomac Park. WHO: Arun Majumdar, Senior Advisor to the Secretary, U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Senator Robert Menendez, New Jersey Richard King, Director of the Solar Decathlon, U.S. Department of Energy Elisabeth Neigert, Team Leader, Solar Decathlon 2011 Team SCI-Arc/Caltech (The Southern California Institute of Architecture and California Institute of Technology)

202

World class recreation complements cutting-edge science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

World class recreation complements cutting-edge science World class recreation complements cutting-edge science World class recreation complements cutting-edge science Los Alamos employees enjoy access to a network of 100+ miles of high-quality trails, much of it within walking distance from key Lab facilities or from residents' front doors. April 3, 2012 Bikers (and LANL Postdocs) Brent and Pam in Los Alamos canyon riding hard on the trail Bikers (and LANL Postdocs) Brent and Pam in Los Alamos canyon riding hard on the trail. Hikers, mountain bikers, joggers, and dog walkers can wind through thick forest, cross deep canyons or meander along picturesque mesas within city limits. All work and no play makes J. Robert Oppenheimer a dull boy Perhaps the importance of a good quality of life is why Oppie insisted that

203

Cuttings Analysis At Jemez Mountain Geothermal Area (1976) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jemez Mountain Geothermal Area (1976) Jemez Mountain Geothermal Area (1976) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Cuttings Analysis At Jemez Mountain Geothermal Area (1976) Exploration Activity Details Location Jemez Mountain Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date 1976 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine the geologic environment of the geothermal area Notes The geologic environment of the particular areas of interest are described, including rock types, geologic structure, and other important parameters that help describe the reservoir and overlying cap rock. References Pratt, H. R.; Simonson, E. R. (1 January 1976) Geotechnical studies of geothermal reservoirs Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Cuttings_Analysis_At_Jemez_Mountain_Geothermal_Area_(1976)&oldid=473910

204

Baltimore Vet Cuts Energy Bills With Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Baltimore Vet Cuts Energy Bills With Solar Baltimore Vet Cuts Energy Bills With Solar Baltimore Vet Cuts Energy Bills With Solar October 28, 2010 - 5:09pm Addthis Baltimore resident Paul Bennett installed 14 solar panels such as these on his historic row home with the help of a state solar grant and federal tax credit through the Recovery Act. | Energy Department Photo | Baltimore resident Paul Bennett installed 14 solar panels such as these on his historic row home with the help of a state solar grant and federal tax credit through the Recovery Act. | Energy Department Photo | Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE On a 'green' mission last spring, a 62 year-old retiree living on a modest income in Baltimore found himself at the Solar and Wind Expo at the Timonium Fairgrounds in Maryland.

205

Cuttings Analysis At Geysers Geothermal Area (1976) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1976) 1976) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Cuttings Analysis At Geysers Geothermal Area (1976) Exploration Activity Details Location Geysers Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date 1976 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine the geologic environment of the geothermal area Notes The geologic environment of the particular areas of interest are described, including rock types, geologic structure, and other important parameters that help describe the reservoir and overlying cap rock. References Pratt, H. R.; Simonson, E. R. (1 January 1976) Geotechnical studies of geothermal reservoirs Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Cuttings_Analysis_At_Geysers_Geothermal_Area_(1976)&oldid=473908

206

Cuttings Analysis At Coso Geothermal Area (2003) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3) 3) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date 2003 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis 1) Fracture/stress analysis 2) Determine the EGS potential of Coso Geothermal Region Notes 1) Petrologic analyses of cuttings from several wells are used to construct a vein-mineral paragenesis of the Coso east flank. 2) Cuttings collected during the drilling of each of the four east-flank study wells are used to determine the lithologies of the hydrothermally altered zones, the characteristics of the vein fillings, and the extent of large-scale faulting. References Rose, P.; Barton, C.; McCulloch, J.; Moore, J.N.; Kovac, K.; Sheridan, J.; Spielman, P.; Berard, B. (1 January 2003) The Coso EGS

207

DOE Honors WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse Gas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Honors WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse DOE Honors WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse Gas Emissions DOE Honors WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse Gas Emissions June 29, 2012 - 12:19pm Addthis Judy McLemore from the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant led efforts to reduce the DOE’s vehicle fleet by 20 percent, improving sustainability and saving money. Under her leadership, greenhouse gas emissions associated with business travel were reduced by 63 percent and travel costs were reduced by greater than 60 percent. Judy McLemore from the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant led efforts to reduce the DOE's vehicle fleet by 20 percent, improving sustainability and saving money. Under her leadership, greenhouse gas emissions associated with business travel were reduced by 63 percent and travel costs were

208

Leading by Example: Better Buildings Challenge Partners Cut Energy Use |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leading by Example: Better Buildings Challenge Partners Cut Energy Leading by Example: Better Buildings Challenge Partners Cut Energy Use Leading by Example: Better Buildings Challenge Partners Cut Energy Use May 22, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis New infographic breaks down the data companies submitted for the first year of the Better Buildings Challenge. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. New infographic breaks down the data companies submitted for the first year of the Better Buildings Challenge. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. Maria Tikoff Vargas Director, Department of Energy Better Buildings Challenge What are the key facts? New data that Better Buildings Challenge partners submitted shows they improved their energy intensity by more than 2.5 percent a year on average. Those improvements equal about a savings of $58 million and 8.5

209

Cuttings Analysis At Marysville Mountain Geothermal Area (1976) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Area (1976) Geothermal Area (1976) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Cuttings Analysis At Marysville Mountain Geothermal Area (1976) Exploration Activity Details Location Marysville Mountain Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date 1976 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine the geologic environment of the geothermal area Notes The geologic environment of the particular areas of interest are described, including rock types, geologic structure, and other important parameters that help describe the reservoir and overlying cap rock. References Pratt, H. R.; Simonson, E. R. (1 January 1976) Geotechnical studies of geothermal reservoirs Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Cuttings_Analysis_At_Marysville_Mountain_Geothermal_Area_(1976)&oldid=473911"

210

Forest County Potawatomi Tribe Cuts Emissions, Promotes Green Growth |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Forest County Potawatomi Tribe Cuts Emissions, Promotes Green Forest County Potawatomi Tribe Cuts Emissions, Promotes Green Growth Forest County Potawatomi Tribe Cuts Emissions, Promotes Green Growth February 23, 2012 - 6:29pm Addthis The Forest County Potawatomi Tribe's solar system is providing heating, cooling, and electricity to the Tribe's administration building in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Photo from the Forest County Potawatomi Tribe. The Forest County Potawatomi Tribe's solar system is providing heating, cooling, and electricity to the Tribe's administration building in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Photo from the Forest County Potawatomi Tribe. Project Benefits Produce approximately 35,000 kilowatt-hours of clean electricity annually Reduce carbon dioxide emissions by an estimated 41 tons per year Preserve and increase local jobs for tribal members and others

211

Cutting-Edge Building Technologies Offer Big Energy Savings Potential |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cutting-Edge Building Technologies Offer Big Energy Savings Cutting-Edge Building Technologies Offer Big Energy Savings Potential Cutting-Edge Building Technologies Offer Big Energy Savings Potential November 5, 2013 - 3:36pm Addthis The Building Technologies Office’s Emerging Technologies Program works to advance new commerical building technologies that are expected to reach the marketplace in five years or less. | Photo of National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Research Support Facility by Dennis Schroeder, National Renewable Energy Laboratory The Building Technologies Office's Emerging Technologies Program works to advance new commerical building technologies that are expected to reach the marketplace in five years or less. | Photo of National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Research Support Facility by Dennis Schroeder, National

212

DOE Honors WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse Gas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse Gas Emissions DOE Honors WIPP Representative for Cutting Travel Costs, Greenhouse Gas Emissions June 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Secretary Chu presents the Secretary of Energy's Appreciation Award to Judy A. McLemore. Secretary Chu presents the Secretary of Energy's Appreciation Award to Judy A. McLemore. WASHINGTON, D.C. - A representative of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad, N.M., on Tuesday received the Secretary of Energy's Appreciation Award for her efforts to improve sustainability and reduce travel costs and the number of fleet vehicles. Judy A. McLemore, who works for URS Regulatory and Environmental Services, based in Carlsbad, was honored for helping advance DOE's management and

213

Energy Department Employees Strive to Cut Costs, Improve Efficiency |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Employees Strive to Cut Costs, Improve Efficiency Employees Strive to Cut Costs, Improve Efficiency Energy Department Employees Strive to Cut Costs, Improve Efficiency November 28, 2011 - 2:00pm Addthis Thanks to Camille Beben of the Office of Management, approvals for Department directives that used to take 14 months now take less than 6 months. | DOE photo, credit Hantz Leger. Thanks to Camille Beben of the Office of Management, approvals for Department directives that used to take 14 months now take less than 6 months. | DOE photo, credit Hantz Leger. Melvin G. Williams, Jr. Melvin G. Williams, Jr. Former Associate Deputy Secretary "We are working every day to help develop a clean energy economy, create good jobs, and make sure America is competitive on the global stage." Mel Williams, Associate Deputy Secretary of Energy

214

Energy Department Employees Strive to Cut Costs, Improve Efficiency |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department Employees Strive to Cut Costs, Improve Efficiency Department Employees Strive to Cut Costs, Improve Efficiency Energy Department Employees Strive to Cut Costs, Improve Efficiency November 28, 2011 - 2:00pm Addthis Thanks to Camille Beben of the Office of Management, approvals for Department directives that used to take 14 months now take less than 6 months. | DOE photo, credit Hantz Leger. Thanks to Camille Beben of the Office of Management, approvals for Department directives that used to take 14 months now take less than 6 months. | DOE photo, credit Hantz Leger. Melvin G. Williams, Jr. Melvin G. Williams, Jr. Former Associate Deputy Secretary "We are working every day to help develop a clean energy economy, create good jobs, and make sure America is competitive on the global stage." Mel Williams, Associate Deputy Secretary of Energy

215

Partnering with National Labs Brings Cutting Edge Technology to Market |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Partnering with National Labs Brings Cutting Edge Technology to Partnering with National Labs Brings Cutting Edge Technology to Market Partnering with National Labs Brings Cutting Edge Technology to Market October 13, 2011 - 4:11pm Addthis The inside of the specimen/vacuum chamber of NREL's FEI Nova 200 dual beam electron microscope used to analyze the topography of materials such as Innovalight's Silicon Ink. The instrument is used to produce site-specific sections for high spatial microstructural analysis. The inside of the specimen/vacuum chamber of NREL's FEI Nova 200 dual beam electron microscope used to analyze the topography of materials such as Innovalight's Silicon Ink. The instrument is used to produce site-specific sections for high spatial microstructural analysis. Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs

216

Theory and experiment testing flux-line cutting physics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We discuss predictions of five proposed theories for the critical state of type-II superconductors accounting for both flux cutting and flux transport (depinning). The theories predict different behaviours for the ratio E{sub y}/E{sub z} of the transverse and parallel components of the in-plane electric field produced just above the critical current of a type-II superconducting slab as a function of the angle of an in-plane applied magnetic field. We present experimental results measured using an epitaxially grown YBCO thin film favouring one of the five theories, i.e. the extended elliptic critical-state model. We conclude that when the current density J is neither parallel nor perpendicular to the local magnetic flux density B, both flux cutting and flux transport occur simultaneously when J exceeds the critical current density J{sub c}, indicating an intimate relationship between flux cutting and depinning. We also conclude that the dynamical properties of the superconductor when J exceeds J{sub c} depend in detail upon two nonlinear effective resistivities for flux cutting ({rho}{sub c}) and flux flow ({rho}{sub f}) and their ratio r = {rho}{sub c}/{rho}{sub f}.

Clem, John R.; Weigand, Marcus; Durrell, J. H.; Campbell, A. M.

2011-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

217

Electrosurgical device for both mechanical cutting and coagulation of bleeding  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Bipolar electrical coagulation of tissue using radiofrequency energy is combined with the functions of conventional surgical pressure tissue cutting instruments without significant modification thereof in a single instrument with the result that a surgeon can perform both procedures without having to redirect his attention from the area of the surgery. 4 figs.

Doss, J.D.; McCabe, C.W.

1985-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

218

Method and apparatus for jet-assisted drilling or cutting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An abrasive cutting or drilling system, apparatus and method, which includes an upstream supercritical fluid and/or liquid carrier fluid, abrasive particles, a nozzle and a gaseous or low-density supercritical fluid exhaust abrasive stream. The nozzle includes a throat section and, optionally, a converging inlet section, a divergent discharge section, and a feed section.

Summers, David Archibold; Woelk, Klaus Hubert; Oglesby, Kenneth Doyle; Galecki, Grzegorz

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

219

Method and apparatus for jet-assisted drilling or cutting  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An abrasive cutting or drilling system, apparatus and method, which includes an upstream supercritical fluid and/or liquid carrier fluid, abrasive particles, a nozzle and a gaseous or low-density supercritical fluid exhaust abrasive stream. The nozzle includes a throat section and, optionally, a converging inlet section, a divergent discharge section, and a feed section.

Summers, David Archibold; Woelk, Klaus Hubert; Oglesby, Kenneth Doyle; Galecki, Grzegorz

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

220

Selection and Implementation of a Replacement Cutting Tool Selection Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new commercial cutting tool software package replaced an internally created legacy system. This report describes the issues that surfaced during the migration and installation of the commercial package and the solutions employed. The primary issues discussed are restructuring the data between two drastically different database schemas and the creation of individual component graphics.

Rice, Gordon

2008-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Cutting and Stitching: Converting Sets of Polygons to Manifold Surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract¿Many real-world polygonal surfaces contain topological singularities that represent a challenge for processes such as simplification, compression, and smoothing. We present an algorithm that removes singularities from nonmanifold sets of polygons ... Keywords: Polygonal surface, topological singularities, manifold, cutting, stitching.

André Guéziec; Gabriel Taubin; Francis Lazarus; Bill Horn

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Electrosurgical device for both mechanical cutting and coagulation of bleeding  

SciTech Connect

Bipolar electrical coagulation of tissue using radio-frequency energy is combined with the functions of conventional surgical pressure tissue cutting instruments without significant modification thereof in a single instrument with the result that a surgeon can perform both procedures without having to redirect his attention from the area of the surgery.

Doss, James D. (Los Alamos, NM); McCabe, Charles W. (Los Alamos, NM)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Hidden costs of power cuts and battery backups  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many developing countries suffer from intense electricity deficits. For instance, the Indian electricity sector, despite having the world's fifth largest installed capacity, suffers from severe energy and peak power shortages. In February 2013, these ... Keywords: battery backups, electricity storage, inverters, losses, power cuts, power grids, uninterrupted power supply, ups

Deva P. Seetharam, Ankit Agrawal, Tanuja Ganu, Jagabondhu Hazra, Venkat Rajaraman, Rajesh Kunnath

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Combustion-assisted laser cutting of a difficult-to-machine superalloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In laser cutting, the largest single application of lasers in manufacturing, the assist gas plays an important role in affecting the cutting performance. The assist gas is usually oxygen or an inert gas. In this paper acetylene and oxygen was employed to create combustion reactions during CO[sub 2] laser cutting that enabled an improvement in the cutting speed, and cut quality of a difficult-to-machine superalloy. A comparison with laser cutting of a plain carbon steel under identical conditions was also made to determine the usefulness of combustion energy. Results indicate that both cutting speed and quality are enhanced by the reduction in the viscosity of slag formed during cutting (which assisted in ejection of the slag through the bottom of the kerf) due to the heat released by the acetylene burning inside the kerf. Correlations of experimental data with a theoretical model provided the influence of combustion power and gas-flow power on the cutting phenomena.

Molian, P.A. (Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering); Baldwin, M. (Iowa Laser Technolgy, Inc., Cedar Falls, IA (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Cuttings Analysis At Coso Geothermal Area (1980) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

80) 80) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date 1980 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine the heat transfer mechanism Notes In an investigation of the thermal regime of this Basin and Range geothermal area, temperature measurements were made in 25 shallow and 1 intermediate depth borehole. Thermal conductivity measurements were made on 312 samples from cores and drill cuttings. The actual process by which heat is transferred is rather complex; however, the heat flow determinations can be divided into two groups. The first group, less than 4.0 HFU, are indicative of regions with primarily conductive regimes, although deep-seated mass transfer is implied. The second group, greater than 4.0

226

MHK Projects/Raccourci Cut Off | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Raccourci Cut Off Raccourci Cut Off < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.9997,"lon":-91.6501,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

227

Microsoft Word - 2007 Cross Cut - APS response.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cross Cut Review of Research in Structural Biology Cross Cut Review of Research in Structural Biology Advanced Photon Source January 24, 2007 Review Committee: J. R. Helliwell, University of Manchester, UK, APS SAC; Chair Howard Einspahr, Research Fellow, Bristol Myers Squibb (Retired), APS SAC Sine Larsen, European Synchrotron Radiation Facilities, External Reviewer Douglas Ohlendorf, University of Minnesota, External Reviewer Wei Yang, NIH, Bethesda, APS SAC Introduction: The reviewers met at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) on January 24, 2007, together with the APS Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC), which has a cross-disciplinary membership, to review structural biology science at the APS. The primary emphasis of the review was macromolecular crystallography (also known as protein crystallography

228

Cuttings Analysis At International Geothermal Area, Indonesia (Laney, 2005)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

International Geothermal Area International Geothermal Area Indonesia (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location International Geothermal Area Indonesia Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Improving Exploration Models of Andesite-Hosted Geothermal Systems, Allis, Browne, Bruton, Christensen, Hulen, Lutz, Mindenhall, Nemcok, Norman, Powell and Stimac. The approach we are using is to characterize the petrology, geochemistry and fractures in core and cuttings samples and then integrate these data with measured downhole temperatures and pressures and with the compositions of the reservoir fluids. Our investigations represent cooperative efforts with the Karaha-Bodas Co. LLC (a subsidiary of Caithness Energy) at Karaha-Telaga Bodas, Indonesia and with Philippine

229

Cut and Shoot, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cut and Shoot, Texas: Energy Resources Cut and Shoot, Texas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 30.3332654°, -95.357994° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.3332654,"lon":-95.357994,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

230

DEVELOPMENT OF A PIPE CUT AND SEAL DIE  

SciTech Connect

A die was developed which will cut and seal the severed ends of 1 1/2 in. schedule 80, 347H stainless steel pipe. Some development work was done on dies for use on 1 1/2 in. outside diameter x 0.065 wall tube. Very limited work was done on dies for use on 2 1/2 in. schedule l60 pipe. (auth)

Wade, E.E.

1961-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

231

Asymmetric-cut variable-incident-angle monochromator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel asymmetric-cut variable-incident-angle monochromator was constructed and tested in 1997 at the Advanced Photon Source of Argonne National Laboratory. The monochromator was originally designed as a high heat load monochromator capable of handling 5-10 kW beams from a wiggler source. This was accomplished by spreading the x-ray beam out on the surface an asymmetric-cut crystal and by using liquid metal cooling of the first crystal. The monochromator turned out to be a highly versatile monochromator that could perform many different types of experiments. The monochromator consisted of two 18 deg. asymmetrically cut Si crystals that could be rotated about 3 independent axes. The first stage ({Phi}) rotates the crystal around an axis perpendicular to the diffraction plane. This rotation changes the angle of the incident beam with the surface of the crystal without changing the Bragg angle. The second rotation ({Psi}) is perpendicular to the first and is used to control the shape of the beam footprint on the crystal. The third rotation ({Theta}) controls the Bragg angle. Besides the high heat load application, the use of asymmetrically cut crystals allows one to increase or decrease the acceptance angle for crystal diffraction of a monochromatic x-ray beam and allows one to increase or decrease the wavelength bandwidth of the diffraction of a continuum source like a bending-magnet beam or a normal x-ray-tube source. When the monochromator is used in the doubly expanding mode, it is possible to expand the vertical size of the double-diffracted beam by a factor of 10-15. When this was combined with a bending magnet source, it was possible to generate an 8 keV area beam, 16 mm wide by 26 mm high with a uniform intensity and parallel to 1.2 arc sec that could be applied in imaging experiments.

Smither, R. K.; Fernandez, P. B.; Mills, D. M. [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Graber, T. J. [Center for Advanced Radiation Sources, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

232

DIAMOND WIRE CUTTING OF THE TOKAMAK FUSION TEST REACTOR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) is a one-of-a-kind, tritium-fueled fusion research reactor that ceased operation in April 1997. As a result, decommissioning commenced in October 1999. The 100 cubic meter volume of the donut-shaped reactor makes it the second largest fusion reactor in the world. The deuterium-tritium experiments resulted in contaminating the vacuum vessel with tritium and activating the materials with 14 Mev neutrons. The total tritium content within the vessel is in excess of 7,000 Curies while dose rates approach 50 mRem/hr. These radiological hazards along with the size of the Tokamak present a unique and challenging task for dismantling. Engineers at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) decided to investigate an alternate, innovative approach for dismantlement of the TFTR vacuum vessel: diamond wire cutting technology. In August 1999, this technology was successfully demonstrated and evaluated on vacuum vessel surrogates. Subsequently, the techno logy was improved and redesigned for the actual cutting of the vacuum vessel. 10 complete cuts were performed in a 6-month period to complete the removal of this unprecedented type of D&D activity.

Rule, Keith; Perry, Erik; Parsells, Robert

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

233

Diamond Wire Cutting of the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) is a one-of-a-kind, tritium-fueled fusion research reactor that ceased operation in April 1997. As a result, decommissioning commenced in October 1999. The 100 cubic meter volume of the donut-shaped reactor makes it the second largest fusion reactor in the world. The deuterium-tritium experiments resulted in contaminating the vacuum vessel with tritium and activating the materials with 14 MeV neutrons. The total tritium content within the vessel is in excess of 7,000 Curies, while dose rates approach 50 mRem/hr. These radiological hazards along with the size of the tokamak present a unique and challenging task for dismantling. Engineers at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) decided to investigate an alternate, innovative approach for dismantlement of the TFTR vacuum vessel: diamond wire cutting technology. In August 1999, this technology was successfully demonstrated and evaluated on vacuum vessel surrogates. Subsequently, the technology was improved and redesigned for the actual cutting of the vacuum vessel. Ten complete cuts were performed in a 6-month period to complete the removal of this unprecedented type of D&D (Decontamination and Decommissioning) activity.

Keith Rule; Erik Perry; Robert Parsells

2003-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

234

STRUCTURAL ANNOTATION OF EM IMAGES BY GRAPH CUT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biological images have the potential to reveal complex signatures that may not be amenable to morphological modeling in terms of shape, location, texture, and color. An effective analytical method is to characterize the composition of a specimen based on user-defined patterns of texture and contrast formation. However, such a simple requirement demands an improved model for stability and robustness. Here, an interactive computational model is introduced for learning patterns of interest by example. The learned patterns bound an active contour model in which the traditional gradient descent optimization is replaced by the more efficient optimization of the graph cut methods. First, the energy function is defined according to the curve evolution. Next, a graph is constructed with weighted edges on the energy function and is optimized with the graph cut algorithm. As a result, the method combines the advantages of the level set method and graph cut algorithm, i.e.,"topological" invariance and computational efficiency. The technique is extended to the multi-phase segmentation problem; the method is validated on synthetic images and then applied to specimens imaged by transmission electron microscopy(TEM).

Chang, Hang; Auer, Manfred; Parvin, Bahram

2009-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

235

Environmental sampling: Issues for the cut-off regime  

SciTech Connect

The fissile material cut-off treaty (FMCT) initiative under the Conference on Disarmament mandate is envisioned to include certain aspects of environmental sampling and monitoring. One of the intents of this treaty is to bring certain non-NPT signatories (e.g., threshold states) under this treaty agreement along with the nuclear weapon states (NWSs). This paper provides a brief overview of some of the relevant issues that may be involved in the implementation and use of environmental monitoring for (1) verification of the cut-off regime declarations, (2) the detection of undeclared activities, and, (3) application in non-routine inspections. The intent is to provide backstopping information important for treaty negotiators. Specific issues addressed within this paper include signature sampling, differences in the proposed detection regime, potential signature integrators, specific examples and spoofing concerns. Many of these issues must be carefully considered and weighed in order to create a credibly verifiable inspection regime. Importantly, the cut-off treaty must enable nondiscriminatory implementation, while carefully assuring that nonproliferation treaty requirements are maintained (i.e., preventing unintentional release of critical weapons design information--potentially through environmental sampling and analysis).

Fearey, B.L.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

June 15, 2006 GYPSUM DRYWALL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cone, the horizontal flow of SCC is measured. In addition, SCC must also be able to pass through tight not be able to flow through tight spaces, such as congested reinforcement, and would exhibit poor segregation, increased sand-aggregate ratio (S/A), and reduced maximum aggregate size. In proportioning SCC, it is common

237

National Gypsum | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership Type Test & Evaluation Partner Partnering Center within NREL Electricity Resources & Building...

238

U.S. Department of Energy and Masdar Collaborate In Testing Cutting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Masdar Collaborate In Testing Cutting-Edge Solar PV Coating Technologies U.S. Department of Energy and Masdar Collaborate In Testing Cutting-Edge Solar PV Coating Technologies...

239

Question of the Week: What Have You Done to Cut Your Use of Standby...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Have You Done to Cut Your Use of Standby Power? Question of the Week: What Have You Done to Cut Your Use of Standby Power? January 8, 2009 - 7:54am Addthis On Tuesday, we wrote...

240

Rebates Cut the Price of Big-Time Efficiency Upgrades | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rebates Cut the Price of Big-Time Efficiency Upgrades Rebates Cut the Price of Big-Time Efficiency Upgrades February 22, 2010 - 5:52pm Addthis One of the smartest ways for...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Fermilab | Take Five for Goal Zero | Gloves | Cut-Resistant Gloves  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lbs) 3500 grams (7.7 lbs) Cut-Resistant Gloves Description Color Finish Uses FNAL Stock Number Flat dipped natural rubber palms Seamless cut and abrasion resistant Kevlar...

242

OPEC Production Likely To Remain Low  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Notes: With a background of some weakening demand from weakening economies (being pushed lower by high crude oil prices), OPEC has shown not only a a reluctance to increase production any time soon, but has actually decreased production. OPEC has attempted to reduce production by 3.5 million barrels per day so far this year. The last of these cuts is not to occur until September, which will affect consuming countries the most over the upcoming winter. Tightness in both European (Brent price) and Asian (Dubai price) markets are reflected in the recent strength seen in the marker crude oil for these regions. But with the effect of the 2nd OPEC production cuts just taking effect and the effect of the 3rd production cut yet to come, U.S. crude oil stocks are

243

A second-order cone cutting surface method: complexity and application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an analytic center cutting surface algorithm that uses mixed linear and multiple second-order cone cuts. Theoretical issues and applications of this technique are discussed. From the theoretical viewpoint, we derive two complexity results. ... Keywords: Cutting plane techniques, Second-order cone, Semidefinite inequality, Semidefinite programming

Mohammad R. Oskoorouchi; John E. Mitchell

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Models for the two-dimensional two-stage cutting stock problem with multiple stock size  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a Two-Dimensional Cutting Stock Problem (2DCSP) where stock of different sizes is available, and a set of rectangular items has to be obtained through two-stage guillotine cuts. We propose and computationally compare three Mixed-Integer Programming ... Keywords: Computational experiments, Cutting stock problem, Mixed-integer programming models

Fabio Furini, Enrico Malaguti

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

STEO September 2012 - oil production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

oil production forecast to rise almost 700,000 bpd this oil production forecast to rise almost 700,000 bpd this year, help cut U.S. petroleum imports U.S. crude oil production is expected to average 6.3 million barrels per day in 2012. That's up nearly 700,000 barrels per day from last year and the highest annual oil output since 1997 says the U.S. Energy Information Administration in its new monthly short-term energy outlook for September. EIA analyst Sam Gorgen explains: "Higher oil supplies, especially from North Dakota and Texas, boosted U.S. oil production. The number of on-shore drilling rigs targeting oil nationwide has increased by around 200 so far this year to just under 1,400 rigs." Higher domestic oil production will help cut U.S. petroleum imports. The share of total U.S.

246

Rapid assessment of redevelopment potential in marginal oil fields, application to the cut bank field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantifying infill potential in marginal oil fields often involves several challenges. These include highly heterogeneous reservoir quality both horizontally and vertically, incomplete reservoir databases, considerably large amounts of data involving numerous wells, and different production and completion practices. The most accurate way to estimate infill potential is to conduct a detailed integrated reservoir study, which is often time-consuming and expensive for operators of marginal oil fields. Hence, there is a need for less-demanding methods that characterize and predict heterogeneity and production variability. As an alternative approach, various authors have used empirical or statistical analyses to model variable well performance. Many of the methods are based solely on the analysis of well location, production and time data. My objective is to develop an enhanced method for rapid assessment of infill-drilling potential that would combine increased accuracy of simulation-based methods with times and costs associated with statistical methods. My proposed solution is to use reservoir simulation combined with automatic history matching to regress production data to determine the permeability distribution. Instead of matching on individual cell values of reservoir properties, I match on constant values of permeability within regions around each well. I then use the permeability distribution and an array of automated simulation predictions to determine infill drilling potential throughout the reservoir. Infill predictions on a single-phase synthetic case showed greater accuracy than results from statistical techniques. The methodology successfully identified infill well locations on a synthetic case derived from Cut Bank field, a water-flooded oil reservoir. Analysis of the actual production and injection data from Cut Bank field was unsuccessful, mainly because of an incomplete production database and limitations in the commercial regression software I used. In addition to providing more accurate results than previous empirical and statistical methods, the proposed method can also incorporate other types of data, such as geological data and fluid properties. The method can be applied in multiphase fluid situations and, since it is simulation based, it provides a platform for easy transition to more detailed analysis. Thus, the method can serve as a valuable reservoir management tool for operators of stripper oil fields.

Chavez Ballesteros, Luis Eladio

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Modified impedance control for robotic saw cutting: Simulation and implementation in three degrees of freedom  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Site (SRS) production and decommissioning operations produce solid radioactive transuranic (TRU) waste. This waste must be repackaged and sent to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) for permanent disposal. The Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) built a test facility to demonstrate simulated waste processing. The test facility use`s a CIMCORP multi-axis robot system, a CIMROC{trademark} II robot controller, and an electric circular saw to remotely open and size reduce plywood crates. The robot can either be teleoperated using joysticks or autonomously controlled via the, CIMROC{trademark} II. Both methods are inadequate for circular saw cutting of plywood crates due to frequent saw blade binding. Blade binding results from the current commercial robot controller limitations. The limitations are overcome by incorporating additional sensor information into the existing controller structure. In this paper we utilize a force sensor and a frequency counter to implement a modified impedance controller which prevents saw blade binding.

Kriikku, E.M. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Reynolds, D.L.; Carroll, J.J.; Dawson, D.M. [Clemson Univ., SC (United States). School of Electrical and Computer Engineering

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

248

Modified impedance control for robotic saw cutting: Simulation and implementation in three degrees of freedom  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Site (SRS) production and decommissioning operations produce solid radioactive transuranic (TRU) waste. This waste must be repackaged and sent to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) for permanent disposal. The Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) built a test facility to demonstrate simulated waste processing. The test facility use's a CIMCORP multi-axis robot system, a CIMROC[trademark] II robot controller, and an electric circular saw to remotely open and size reduce plywood crates. The robot can either be teleoperated using joysticks or autonomously controlled via the, CIMROC[trademark] II. Both methods are inadequate for circular saw cutting of plywood crates due to frequent saw blade binding. Blade binding results from the current commercial robot controller limitations. The limitations are overcome by incorporating additional sensor information into the existing controller structure. In this paper we utilize a force sensor and a frequency counter to implement a modified impedance controller which prevents saw blade binding.

Kriikku, E.M. (Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)); Reynolds, D.L.; Carroll, J.J.; Dawson, D.M. (Clemson Univ., SC (United States). School of Electrical and Computer Engineering)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Citrus Production Texas ranks 3rd in U.S. production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Citrus Production · Texas ranks 3rd in U.S. production. · Cash receipts for farmers exceed $29 million annually. · Total impact in the Texas economy exceeds $93 million. · Over 32,000 acres are grown for citrus production in Texas. · Key problems include mites, scales, leaf cutting ants and fire ants. Citrus

Wilkins, Neal

250

Hexavalent Chromium Air Sampling Data from Welding and Steel Cutting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Welding and cutting chromium-containing metals may give rise to hexavalent chromium (Cr[VI]) exposure of workers. Since the passage in 2006 of a new OSHA regulation governing Cr(VI) exposure levels, electric utilities have been conducting air monitoring studies to evaluate worker's exposures to Cr(VI). The 2006 OSHA regulation permits the use of objective and robust data in lieu of exposure monitoring. Given this regulation and the fact that these data could be gathered from many electric utilities, EPRI...

2008-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

251

SunShot Initiative: Photovoltaic Supply Chain and Cross-Cutting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photovoltaic Supply Chain and Photovoltaic Supply Chain and Cross-Cutting Technologies to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Photovoltaic Supply Chain and Cross-Cutting Technologies on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Photovoltaic Supply Chain and Cross-Cutting Technologies on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Photovoltaic Supply Chain and Cross-Cutting Technologies on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Photovoltaic Supply Chain and Cross-Cutting Technologies on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Photovoltaic Supply Chain and Cross-Cutting Technologies on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Photovoltaic Supply Chain and Cross-Cutting Technologies on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Photovoltaics Research & Development Competitive Awards Diversity in Science and Technology Advances National Clean Energy

252

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ten Ways You Can Start to Cut Petroleum Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

About About Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ten Ways You Can Start to Cut Petroleum Use Right Now to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ten Ways You Can Start to Cut Petroleum Use Right Now on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ten Ways You Can Start to Cut Petroleum Use Right Now on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ten Ways You Can Start to Cut Petroleum Use Right Now on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ten Ways You Can Start to Cut Petroleum Use Right Now on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ten Ways You Can Start to Cut Petroleum Use Right Now on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ten Ways You Can Start to Cut Petroleum Use Right Now on AddThis.com...

253

The smooth cut-off Hierarchical Reference Theory of fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a comprehensive presentation of the Hierarchical Reference Theory (HRT) in the smooth cut-off formulation. A simple and self-consistent derivation of the hierarchy of differential equations is supplemented by a comparison with the known sharp cut-off HRT. Then, the theory is applied to a hard core Yukawa fluid (HCYF): a closure, based on a mean spherical approximation ansatz, is studied in detail and its intriguing relationship to the self consistent Ornstein-Zernike approximation is discussed. The asymptotic properties, close to the critical point are investigated and compared to the renormalization group results both above and below the critical temperature. The HRT free energy is always a convex function of the density, leading to flat isotherms in the two-phase region with a finite compressibility at coexistence. This makes HRT the sole liquid-state theory able to obtain directly fluid-fluid phase equilibrium without resorting to the Maxwell construction. The way the mean field free energy is modified due to the inclusion of density fluctuations suggests how to identify the spinodal curve. Thermodynamic properties and correlation functions of the HCYF are investigated for three values of the inverse Yukawa range: z=1.8, z=4 and z=7 where Monte Carlo simulations are available. The stability of the liquid-vapor critical point with respect to freezing is also studied.

Alberto Parola; Davide Pini; Luciano Reatto

2009-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

254

Post-trenching plow cuts ditch under offshore line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a 15-day operation, a 68-ton, 60-ft-long underwater post-trenching plow successfully cut an approximately 4-ft-deep protective trench under the 23-mile-long, 24-in.-diameter gas-transmission pipeline connecting Esso Australia's Snapper A platform to shore in Australia's Bass Strait. Scale-model tests had provided towing-force data and proved the feasibility of split, butterfly-type shares that wrap around the pipe. A yoke on the pull-cable attachment, which places the pulling points on the shares rather than on the plow body, permitted the use of a much lighter body, thus saving about 30 tons of steel. Underwater television cameras monitored the plow's instrumentation panel, which received data on horizontal and vertical loads, the position of the shares, cutting depth and forward speed, and pull-cable horizontal and vertical departure angles from the plow. The soils encountered along the line included high-water-content quicksand, firm sand, cemented sandstone, and hard limestone.

Brown, R.J.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Coal combustion products: trash or treasure?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coal combustion by-products can be a valuable resource to various industries. The American Coal Ash Association (ACAA) collects data on production and uses of coal combustion products (CCPs). 122.5 million tons of CCPs were produced in 2004. The article discusses the results of the ACCA's 2004 survey. Fly ash is predominantly used as a substitute for Portland cement; bottom ash for structural fill, embankments and paved road cases. Synthetic gypsum from the FGD process is commonly used in wallboard. Plant owners are only likely to have a buyer for a portion of their CCPs. Although sale of hot water (from Antelope Valley Station) from condensers for use in a fish farm to raise tilapia proved unviable, the Great Plains Synfuels Plant which manufactures natural gas from lignite produces a wide range of products including anhydrous ammonia, phenol, krypton, carbon dioxide (for enhanced oil recovery), tar oils and liquid nitrogen. ACCA's goal is to educate people about CCPs and how to make them into useful products, and market them, in order to reduce waste disposal and enhance revenue. The article lists members of the ACCA. 2 photos., 1 tab.

Hansen, T.

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

256

Cuttings Analysis At Coso Geothermal Area (2005) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5) 5) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date 2005 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis EGS well analysis for fractures to determine the geologic framework of the east flank of the field Notes This paper summarizes petrologic and geologic investigations on two East Flank wells, 34A-9 and 34-9RD2 conducted as part of a continuing effort to better understand how the rocks will behave during hydraulic and thermal stimulation. Well 34A-9 is the hottest well at depth in the East Flank, reaching nearly 350 0C. The reservoir on the East Flank is dominated by diorite and granodiorite. References Kovac, K.M.; Moore, J.N.; Lutz, S.J. (1 January 2005) GEOLOGIC FRAMEWORK OF THE EAST FLANK, COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD: IMPLICATIONS FOR EGS

257

Cuttings Analysis At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Desert Peak Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Remote Sensing for Exploration and Mapping of Geothermal Resources, Wendy Calvin, 2005. Task 1: Detailed analysis of hyperspectral imagery obtained in summer of 2003 over Brady's Hot Springs region was completed and validated (Figure 1). This analysis provided a local map of both sinter and tufa deposits surrounding the Ormat plant, identified fault extensions not previously recognized from field mapping and has helped constrain where to put additional wells that were drilled at the site. Task 2: Initial analysis of Landsat and ASTER data for Buffalo Valley and Pyramid Lake was

258

NETL: News Release - DOE Launches Competition for Cutting Edge Coal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

February 17, 2004 February 17, 2004 DOE Launches Competition for Cutting Edge Coal Technologies Round II Reaffirms President's Commitment to Reduce Power Plant Emissions WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham today announced the release of a solicitation for the second round of proposals under President Bush's Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI), and DOE's plans to provide approximately $280 million in federal matching funds for demonstrating barrier-breaking technologies that sharply reduce and ultimately eliminate pollution in coal-based power plants. MORE INFO General Interest: Read the solicitation [PDF-342KB] For Proposers: Go to Interactive Procurement System [More Info, Updates] NETL Business Page View the Clean Coal Technology Roadmap from NETL's Website

259

APS team works smarter, cuts substation construction costs by 36%  

SciTech Connect

An aggressive, cost-cutting, team of T D employees at Arizona Public Service Co (APS) is building a new distribution substation in Phoenix for less than half the original cost that APS planners had calculated for the project's land, labor and materials. Scheduled for service in June of this year, APS analysts had originally projected land, labor and materials costs for the 20-MVA Bell substation at nearly $1.7-million-not including major equipment such as transformers, circuit breakers, and switches. However, after studying the project, an empowered APS crew was able to slash 36% off the original estimate-more than $610,000. What's more, APS spokesmen say that its new approach to substation construction and design has given its engineers and construction crews a laundry list of additional ideas to try out on future substation ventures. 4 figs., 1 tab.

Not Available

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Session #1: Cutting Edge Methodologies--Beyond Current DFT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Session #1: Cutting Edge Methodologies (beyond Current DFT) Moderator: Shengbai Zhang (RPI/ REL) Topics to be addressed: Benchmarking state-of-the-art approaches, accurate energy landscape. Identify problems with the current DFT-LDA and GGA approaches and possible pathways to overcome these problems. PBE PBE How Bad is DFT for vdW Interactions? fcc Ar Benzene dimer PBE LDA Exp CCSD(T) LDA PBE vdW Interaction between H 2 and Carbon � PBE Graphene CCSD(T) LDA Benzene omitted in the LDA and GGA van der Walls (vdW)-DFT: Langreth, Kohn � Fully nonlocal � functional: � � Long-range nonlocal correlation energy functional (omitted in the LDA and GGA) ) ( � Computational cost considerably more than GGA � Added as post-GGA energy correction but force

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Cuttings Analysis At Coso Geothermal Area (2006) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6) 6) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date 2006 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis To determine the geology of Injection Well 46A-19RD Notes Well 46A-19RD, located in the southwestern portion of this field is currently the focus of a DOE-funded Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) project. Petrologic and petrographic investigations of the well show that quartz diorite and granodiorite are dominant lithologies. Dikes of granophyre, containing phenocrysts of plagioclase, potassium feldspar, and quartz were encountered at approximately 1438-1457 m and 3459.5-3505.2 m. References Kovac, K.M.; Moore, J.N.; Rose, P.E.; McCulloch, J. (1 January 2006) Geology of Injection Well 46A-19RD in the Coso Enhanced Geothermal Systems

262

Performance analysis of developed vegetable-based cutting fluids by D-optimal experimental design in turning process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this study is to determine the performances of developed vegetable-based cutting fluids VBCFs evaluated as a categorical factor with mineral and semi-synthetic cutting fluids CFs. D-optimal experimental design method in machining was used ... Keywords: D-optimal, EP additive, cutting force, surface roughness, turning, vegetable-based cutting fluids

Emel Kuram; M. Huseyin Cetin; Babur Ozcelik; Erhan Demirbas

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Production Wells | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Production Wells Production Wells Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Production Wells Details Activities (13) Areas (13) Regions (0) NEPA(7) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Drilling Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Development Drilling Parent Exploration Technique: Development Drilling Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Drill cuttings are analyzed to determine lithology and mineralogy Stratigraphic/Structural: Fractures, faults, and geologic formations that the well passes through are identified and mapped. Hydrological: Identify aquifers, reservoir boundaries, flow rates, fluid pressure, and chemistry Thermal: Direct temperature measurements from within the reservoir Dictionary.png Production Wells:

264

Cuttings Analysis At Geysers Area (Lambert & Epstein, 1992) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cuttings Analysis At Geysers Area (Lambert & Epstein, Cuttings Analysis At Geysers Area (Lambert & Epstein, 1992) Exploration Activity Details Location Geysers Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Aside from two core fragments from Thermal well No. 7 and one each from Lakoma Fame wells Nos. 8 and 9, all rock and mineral samples were available as cuttings. Cuttings samples were taken during drilling typically at 12-m intervals by the Union Oil Company of California (now UNOCAL), each sample covering a 6-m depth interval. The grains in cuttings fractions were millimeter- to centimetersized. References Steven J. Lambert, Samuel Epstein (1992) Stable-Isotope Studies Of Rocks And Secondary Minerals In A Vapor-Dominated Hydrothermal System At The Geysers, Sonoma County, California

265

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Cities Helps the National Mall Cut  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Cities Helps the Cities Helps the National Mall Cut Petroleum Use With Propane Mowers to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Cities Helps the National Mall Cut Petroleum Use With Propane Mowers on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Cities Helps the National Mall Cut Petroleum Use With Propane Mowers on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Cities Helps the National Mall Cut Petroleum Use With Propane Mowers on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Cities Helps the National Mall Cut Petroleum Use With Propane Mowers on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Cities Helps the National Mall Cut Petroleum Use With Propane Mowers on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean

266

reuse of waste from the cutting of marble for the production of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study involved the use of: marble waste, fluorspar, lime, hot metal, sodalita. four mixtures were made and added to a liquid hot metal, with known chemical ...

267

WELDING, CUTTING AND BRAZING Assessment Plan NNSA/Nevada Site Office Facility Representative Divisionn  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This assessment is to verify hot work requirements associated with welding, cutting, burning, brazing, grinding and other spark- or flame-producing operations have been implemented.   Verify that...

268

Reduction of Statistical Power Per Event Due to Upper Lifetime Cuts in Lifetime Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A cut on the maximum lifetime in a lifetime fit not only reduces the number of events, but also, in some circumstances dramatically, decreases the statistical significance of each event. The upper impact parameter cut in the hadronic B trigger at CDF, which is due to technical limitations, has the same effect. In this note we describe and quantify the consequences of such a cut on lifetime measurements. We find that even moderate upper lifetime cuts, leaving event numbers nearly unchanged, can dramatically increase the statistical uncertainty of the fit result.

Jonas Rademacker

2005-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

269

PV Supply Chain and Cross-Cutting Technologies: Upcoming Funding Opportunity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Summarizes the Solar Program's upcoming funding opportunity, called PV Supply Chain and Cross-Cutting Technologies, which is expected to be open by the end of October 2008.

Not Available

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Cuttings Analysis At New River Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

New River Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location New River Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown...

271

Precision cutting of nanotubes with a low-energy electron beam  

lective damage has been induced in transmission electron ... During cutting, the SEM was operated in line scan mode at maximum magni?cation s1063d, ...

272

Optimization Online - A Robust Branch-Cut-and-Price Algorithm for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 21, 2007 ... A Robust Branch-Cut-and-Price Algorithm for the Heterogeneous Fleet Vehicle Routing Problem. Artur Pessoa (artur ***at*** producao.uff.br)

273

Stabilized Branch-and-cut-and-price for the Generalized Assignment ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

price for that problem featuring a stabilization mechanism to accelerate ... and- price by Savelsbergh [11] and the branch-and-cut by Farias and Nemhauser. [2].

274

DOE Awards Supercomputer Access to Cutting-Edge Projects | U...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

research in key areas such as astrophysics, climate change, new materials, energy production and biology, and thereby advance U.S. competitiveness. "From understanding the...

275

Undirected postman problems with zigzagging option: A cutting-plane approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper devises a new model and associated cutting-plane and branch-and-cut approaches for a variant of the undirected Chinese and rural postman problem where some of the edges offer the flexibility of either being serviced twice by two separate traversals ... Keywords: Polyhedral theory, Postman problems, Zigzagging

Stefan Irnich

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

TANGENT CUT LOCI ON SURFACES A. FIGALLI, L. RIFFORD, AND C. VILLANI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, v) := max t 0; (expx(sv))0st is a minimizing geodesic . Then for any x M, we let TCL(x) = tangent; 0 t TCL(x) is compact and coincides with the boundary of the open set I(x). Finally, the cut locus of x may be defined as cut(x) := expx TCL(x) . Many works [2, 8

Villani, Cédric

277

Image segmentation using quadtree-based similarity graph and normalized cut  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The graph cuts in image segmentation have been widely used in recent years because it regards the problem of image partitioning as a graph partitioning issue, a well-known problem in graph theory. The normalized cut approach uses spectral graph properties ... Keywords: graph partitioning, image segmentation, quadtree, spectral graph

Marco Antonio Garcia De Carvalho; Anselmo Castelo Branco Ferreira; André Luis Costa

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Branch-and-Cut Algorithms for the Bilinear Matrix Inequality Eigenvalue Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The optimization problem with the Bilinear Matrix Inequality (BMI) is one of the problems which have greatly interested researchers of system and control theory in the last few years. This inequality permits to reduce in an elegant way various problems ... Keywords: bilinear matrix inequality, branch-and-cut algorithm, convex relaxation, cut polytope, semidefinite programming

Mituhiro Fukuda; Masakazu Kojima

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Shape prior model for media-adventitia border segmentation in IVUS using graph cut  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a shape prior based graph cut method which does not require user initialisation. The shape prior is generalised from multiple training shapes, rather than using singular templates as priors. Weighted directed graph construction is used to ... Keywords: IVUS, graph cut, image segmentation, shape prior

Ehab Essa; Xianghua Xie; Igor Sazonov; Perumal Nithiarasu; Dave Smith

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Europe, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options -New York Times January 22, 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

toward the annual target of biofuels making up 5.75 percent of transportation fuel. httpEurope, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options - New York Times January 22, 2008 Europe, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options By ELISABETH

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Cuttings Analysis At Hot Springs Ranch Area (Szybinski, 2006) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cuttings Analysis At Hot Springs Ranch Area Cuttings Analysis At Hot Springs Ranch Area (Szybinski, 2006) Exploration Activity Details Location Hot Springs Ranch Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The author was on the site throughout the drilling operations to log the drill cuttings and coordinate with the drilling staff. Small representative samples of the gravel and/or chips were collected approximately every 3m, sieved and washed by the geological technician, and examined by the author. A preliminary written description of the cuttings was prepared. Afterwards, the samples were packed in small cotton bags, transported to the warehouse located at the Nevada Geothermal office in Winnemucca and dried. Dry samples were split and a portion of each sample was placed in chip trays

282

LANL highlights cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day | National Nuclear  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day | National Nuclear cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > LANL highlights cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day LANL highlights cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day Posted By Office of Public Affairs Los Alamos National Laboratory recently showcased some of its cutting-edge

283

Historic Energy Efficiency Rules Would Save Consumers Money and Cut Carbon  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Historic Energy Efficiency Rules Would Save Consumers Money and Cut Historic Energy Efficiency Rules Would Save Consumers Money and Cut Carbon Emissions Historic Energy Efficiency Rules Would Save Consumers Money and Cut Carbon Emissions August 29, 2013 - 4:08pm Addthis If accepted, a new energy efficiency rule on walk-in coolers and freezers proposed by the Energy Department could cut energy bills by up to $24 billion over 30 years. | Photo by Lynn Billman, NREL. If accepted, a new energy efficiency rule on walk-in coolers and freezers proposed by the Energy Department could cut energy bills by up to $24 billion over 30 years. | Photo by Lynn Billman, NREL. Heather Zichal Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change Learn more Read President Obama's Climate Action Plan. Explore Energy.gov's fuel economy resources, including gas mileage

284

LANL highlights cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day | National Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day | National Nuclear cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > LANL highlights cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day LANL highlights cutting-edge research at annual LDRD Day Posted By Office of Public Affairs Los Alamos National Laboratory recently showcased some of its cutting-edge

285

Production Wells | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Production Wells Production Wells (Redirected from Development Wells) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Production Wells Details Activities (13) Areas (13) Regions (0) NEPA(7) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Drilling Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Development Drilling Parent Exploration Technique: Development Drilling Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Drill cuttings are analyzed to determine lithology and mineralogy Stratigraphic/Structural: Fractures, faults, and geologic formations that the well passes through are identified and mapped. Hydrological: Identify aquifers, reservoir boundaries, flow rates, fluid pressure, and chemistry Thermal: Direct temperature measurements from within the reservoir

286

Dissolver production tests  

SciTech Connect

In order to obtain data for the development and design of the Purex dissolvers and to demonstrate to Manufacturing and Technical personnel the feasibility of increasing the size of dissolver cuts at BiPO{sub 4} and Redox, a dissolver production test program in a BiPO{sub 4} dissolver is requested. These tests are expected to supplement the program already initiated on the 321 Bldg. dissolver, explaining dissolver behavior to the extent that existing dissolvers can be operated under more nearly optimum conditions and that new dissolvers can be designed with accuracy.

Tomlinson, R.E.

1952-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

287

Process For Cutting Polymers Electrolyte Multi-Layer Batteries And Batteries Obtained Thereby  

SciTech Connect

A stacking of battery laminate is prepared, each battery consisting of anode, polymer electrolyte, cathode films and possibly an insulating film, under conditions suitable to constitute a rigid monoblock assembly, in which the films are unitary with one another. The assembly obtained is thereafter cut in predetermined shape by using a mechanical device without macroscopic deformation of the films constituting the assembly and without inducing permanent short circuits. The battery which is obtained after cutting includes at least one end which appears as a uniform cut, the various films constituting the assembly having undergone no macroscopic deformation, the edges of the films of the anode including an electronically insulating passivation film.

Gauthier, Michel (La Prairie, CA); Lessard, Ginette (Longueuil, CA); Dussault, Gaston (St-Benoit-de-Mirabel, CA); Rouillard, Roger (Beloeil, CA); Simoneau, Martin (Montreal, CA); Miller, Alan Paul (Woodbury, MN)

2003-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

288

Compilation of cores and cuttings from U. S. Government-sponsored geothermal wells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This compendium lists the repositories holding geothermal core and well cuttings from US government-sponsored geothermal wells. Also, a partial listing of cores and cutting from these wells is tabulated, along with referenced reports and location maps. These samples are available to the public for research investigations and studies, usually following submission of an appropriate request for use of the samples. The purpose of this compilation is to serve as a possible source of cores and cuttings that might aid in enhancing rock property studies in support of geothermal log interpretation.

Mathews, M.; Gambill, D.T.; Rowley, J.C.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Cuttings Analysis At Fenton Hill Hdr Geothermal Area (Laughlin, Et Al.,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Laughlin, Et Al., Laughlin, Et Al., 1983) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Cuttings Analysis At Fenton Hill Hdr Geothermal Area (Laughlin, Et Al., 1983) Exploration Activity Details Location Fenton Hill Hdr Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes A few cores (see Table I), cuttings collected at 1.5- or 3-m intervals, and random samples from a "junk basket" run behind the drill bit provided material for characterizing the basement rocks. References A. W. Laughlin, A. C. Eddy, R. Laney, M. J. Aldrich Jr (1983) Geology Of The Fenton Hill, New Mexico, Hot Dry Rock Site Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Cuttings_Analysis_At_Fenton_Hill_Hdr_Geothermal_Area_(Laughlin,_Et_Al.,_1983)&oldid=511306"

290

Beyond Silicon: Cutting the Costs of Solar Power | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beyond Silicon: Cutting the Costs of Solar Power Beyond Silicon: Cutting the Costs of Solar Power Stories of Discovery & Innovation Beyond Silicon: Cutting the Costs of Solar Power Enlarge Photo Courtesy of University of Illinois Mechanically flexible, high efficiency solar module that uses an interconnected array of microscale GaAs photovoltaic cells, grown in a multilayer stack on a wafer and then printed onto a sheet of plastic. Enlarge Photo 04.15.11 Beyond Silicon: Cutting the Costs of Solar Power New method of fabricating semiconductors from gallium arsenide promises more affordable solar power, improved semiconductor devices. The biggest single barrier to widespread adoption of solar power continues to be the cost of solar cells. University of Illinois materials scientists supported by the DOE Office of Science have scored a

291

Managerial myopia, CEO compensation structure and earnigns management by R&D cuts.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Prior studies show that linking executive compensation to current accounting performance provides incentive for CEOs to manage earnings by cutting R&D expenditure (e.g. Baber et… (more)

He, Weidong (???)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Optimization Online - A Branch-and-Cut-and-Price Algorithm for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 26, 2009 ... A Branch-and-Cut-and-Price Algorithm for Vertex-Biconnectivity Augmentation. Ivana Ljubic(ivana.ljubic ***at*** univie.ac.at). Abstract: In this ...

293

Performance comparison of meta-heuristic algorithms for training artificial neural networks in modelling laser cutting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The application of artificial neural networks ANNs for modelling laser cutting is broad and ever increasing. The practical application of ANNs is mostly dependent on the success of the training process which is a complex task. Considering the disadvantages ...

Miloš Madi?; Danijel Markovi?; Miroslav Radovanovi?

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Network analysis of technical and organizational configurations : using an alignment approach to enhance product development performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an attempt to improve their Product Development Processes (PDPs), many companies make considerable investments to have available cutting-edge technology such as virtual tools. While some companies have increased their ...

Diaz Garcia, J. Adrian

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Petroleum Refinery Catalytic Reforming -- Cutting High Energy Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrocarbon reforming involves a variety of chemical reactions at high temperatures and pressures in the presence of suitable catalysts. The conversion of naptha to high octane aromatics requires high energy to initiate and sustain the reaction at temperatures of 850-950oF. Hydrogen - rich off - gases are fired in combinations of process furnaces. Heat is transferred to hydrocarbon fluids by radiation, principally. Feed or return stream temperatures determine the need for convection sections. It is essential that the operation and maintenance of these furnaces be optimized to minimize production costs. This paper describes the performance testing and evaluation of a set of ten refinery furnaces used to thermally drive several reforming reactors and to regenerate catalysts. Firing rates provide an input of 216.2 x 106 Btu/hr. to the furnaces, at $1.90 per 106 Btu. The units are fitted with multiple natural draft burners. There is insufficient turbulence and swirl in the burners. Operators manually set up the burners with excessive airflows for normal, full-load firing. These furnaces represent production limits. Products of combustion exhaust at high thermal levels - the range is from 985-1700oF. The mixed gases flow through a "waste heat" boiler, or they bypass the boiler and enter a single stack. Steam generation at 150 psig averages 38,200 lb/hr. Heat is wasted via the bypass at a rate of 41.1x106 Btu /hr. at 1240oF. When airflows are reduced (to 15% excess air) the loss will be 18.7x106 Btu/hr. at 1180oF. Installation of a second, parallel waste heat boiler will result in a saving of l3.4x106 Btu/hr. Energy savings at this furnace complex will be equivalent to $628,700 per year. Investment costs were estimated to be less than $250,000 for the proposed heat trap addition.

Viar, W. L.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Strategies for cutting energy costs in the aluminium industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy costs are important to the aluminum industry now that demand is down and price levels are unprofitable. The strategies to deal with what is probably a larger trough in a cyclic wave should seek cheaper enrgy sources and reduce the energy used per unit of production. A technological breakthrough in smelting is still elusive, but plant modernization, recycling, and the development of a permanent non-consumable anode are helping. The substitution of domestic coal and synthetic fuels or natural gas that is currently flared in the Middle East could supplement hydroelectric power where a smaller load is desirable. (DCK)

Lester, M.D.

1983-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

297

New waste-heat refrigeration unit cuts flaring, reduces pollution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Planetec Utility Services Co. Inc. and Energy Concepts Co. (ECC), with the help of the US Department of Energy (DOE), developed and commissioned a unique waste-heat powered LPG recovery plant in August 1997 at the 30,000 b/d Denver refinery, operated by Ultramar Diamond Shamrock (UDS). This new environmentally friendly technology reduces flare emissions and the loss of salable liquid-petroleum products to the fuel-gas system. The waste heat ammonia absorption refrigeration plant (Whaarp) is the first technology of its kind to use low-temperature waste heat (295 F) to achieve sub-zero refrigeration temperatures ({minus}40 F) with the capability of dual temperature loads in a refinery setting. The ammonia absorption refrigeration is applied to the refinery`s fuel-gas makeup streams to condense over 180 b/d of salable liquid hydrocarbon products. The recovered liquid, about 64,000 bbl/year of LPG and gasoline, increases annual refinery profits by nearly $1 million, while substantially reducing air pollution emissions from the refinery`s flare.

Brant, B.; Brueske, S. [Planetec Utility Services Co., Inc., Evergreen, CO (United States); Erickson, D.; Papar, R. [Energy Concepts Co., Annapolis, MD (United States)

1998-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

298

Experimental Studies with Spatial Gaussian-Cut Laser for the LCLS Photocathode Gun  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To simplify the LCLS operation and further enhance the injector performances, we are evaluating the various parameters including the photocathode drive laser system. Extensive simulations show that both the projected and time-sliced emittances with spatial Gaussian profiles having reasonable tail-cut are better than those with uniform one. The simulated results are also supported by theoretical analyses. In the LCLS, the spatial uniform or Gaussian-cut laser profiles are conveniently obtained by adjusting the optics of the telescope upstream of an iris, used to define laser size on the cathode. Preliminary beam studies at the LCLS injector show that both the projected and time-sliced emittances with spatial Gaussian-cut laser are almost as good as, although not better than, those with uniform one. In addition, the laser transmission through the iris with the Gaussian-cut profile is twice with uniform one, which can significantly ease LCLS copper cathode/laser operations and thus improve the LCLS operation efficiency. More beam studies are planned to measure FEL performances with the Gaussian-cut in comparison with the uniform one. All simulations and measurements are presented in the paper.

Zhou, F.; Brachmann, A.; Emma, P.; Gilevich, S.; Huang, Z.; /SLAC

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

299

Cutting-Edge Savannah River Site Project Avoids Millions in Costs, Removes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cutting-Edge Savannah River Site Project Avoids Millions in Costs, Cutting-Edge Savannah River Site Project Avoids Millions in Costs, Removes Chemical Solvents from Underground: Project avoided costs totaling more than $15 million, removed tons of chemical solvents from beneath the Savannah River Site Cutting-Edge Savannah River Site Project Avoids Millions in Costs, Removes Chemical Solvents from Underground: Project avoided costs totaling more than $15 million, removed tons of chemical solvents from beneath the Savannah River Site June 13, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Harrel McCray, left, and Joey Clark, employees with SRS management and operations contractor, Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, stand by an extensive SRS cleanup system that safely and successfully rid the site of more than 33,000 gallons of non-radioactive chemical

300

Secretary Chu Announces New Investments in Cutting-Edge Wind Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Investments in Cutting-Edge Wind Energy New Investments in Cutting-Edge Wind Energy Research Facilities Secretary Chu Announces New Investments in Cutting-Edge Wind Energy Research Facilities October 15, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced new investments today in three university-led wind energy research facilities that will enhance the United States' leadership role in testing and producing the most advanced and efficient wind turbines in the world. The funding is from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, and the research will focus on improving both land-based and offshore wind generation. "Wind power has the potential to provide 20 percent of our electricity and create hundreds of thousands of jobs," said Secretary Chu. "We need to

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Cuttings Analysis At U.S. West Region (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Cuttings Analysis At U.S. West Region (Laney, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Cuttings Analysis At U.S. West Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location U.S. West Region Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Characterization and Conceptual Modeling of Magmatically-Heated and Deep-Circulation, High-Temperature Hydrothermal Systems in the Basin and Range and Cordilleran United States, Moore, Nash, Nemcok, Lutz, Norton, Kaspereit, Berard, van de Putte, Johnson and Deymonaz. Utilizing a wealth

302

New 100Gbps Network Will Keep America on Cutting Edge of Innovation |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

100Gbps Network Will Keep America on Cutting Edge of Innovation 100Gbps Network Will Keep America on Cutting Edge of Innovation New 100Gbps Network Will Keep America on Cutting Edge of Innovation November 15, 2011 - 11:22am Addthis Initially the network will connect the three Energy Department unclassified supercomputing centers: the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) at Berkeley Lab, Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF), and Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF), as well as the Manhattan Landing International Exchange Point (MANLAN). Initially the network will connect the three Energy Department unclassified supercomputing centers: the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) at Berkeley Lab, Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF), and Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF), as well as the

303

Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips November 26, 2013 - 9:23am Addthis Turning off your engine while waiting in the parking lot is a great way to save money on gas. | Photo courtesy of Kristy Keel-Blackmon, NREL/21196. Turning off your engine while waiting in the parking lot is a great way to save money on gas. | Photo courtesy of Kristy Keel-Blackmon, NREL/21196. Jason Lutterman Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Drive smart this holiday season and stay informed with tools such as the speed penalty calculator on fueleconomy.gov. Yesterday you learned from Becky about three tools to help you save on fuel

304

Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips November 26, 2013 - 9:23am Addthis Turning off your engine while waiting in the parking lot is a great way to save money on gas. | Photo courtesy of Kristy Keel-Blackmon, NREL/21196. Turning off your engine while waiting in the parking lot is a great way to save money on gas. | Photo courtesy of Kristy Keel-Blackmon, NREL/21196. Jason Lutterman Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Drive smart this holiday season and stay informed with tools such as the speed penalty calculator on fueleconomy.gov. Yesterday you learned from Becky about three tools to help you save on fuel

305

Cuttings Analysis At Long Valley Caldera Area (Smith & Suemnicht, 1991) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Long Valley Caldera Area (Smith Long Valley Caldera Area (Smith & Suemnicht, 1991) Exploration Activity Details Location Long Valley Caldera Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Sample for the present investigation consist of drill core and cuttings from all lithologic units identified in LVEW, cuttings from volcanic rocks in LV 13-21, core samples of Early Rhyolite and Bishop Tuff from LV13-26 and core samples of Bishop Tuff from SF38-32, LV48-29 and LV66-28 (Figs. 1 and 2). Surface samples of Early Rhyolite, Bishop Tuff and Paleozoic metasediments (Fig. 1) were also selected for comparative analysis and processed by the same procedures as the well samples. This oxygen isotope and fluid inclusion study has allowed us to determine the pathways of fluid

306

The Recovery Act: Cutting Costs and Upping Capacity | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Recovery Act: Cutting Costs and Upping Capacity The Recovery Act: Cutting Costs and Upping Capacity The Recovery Act: Cutting Costs and Upping Capacity August 25, 2010 - 5:56pm Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Yesterday, Secretary Chu joined Vice President Joe Biden at the White House to help unveil a new report on how investments made through the Recovery Act have been impacting innovation. While the report analyzed several major sectors, its most striking findings centered on energy. The Recovery Act and Department of Energy investments in a range of solar energy technologies are helping make solar power much more cost-competitive, with significant cost reductions expected between now and 2015. The Recovery Act included more than $5 billion for solar photovoltaic

307

Cutting-Edge Savannah River Site Project Avoids Millions in Costs, Removes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cutting-Edge Savannah River Site Project Avoids Millions in Costs, Cutting-Edge Savannah River Site Project Avoids Millions in Costs, Removes Chemical Solvents from Underground: Project avoided costs totaling more than $15 million, removed tons of chemical solvents from beneath the Savannah River Site Cutting-Edge Savannah River Site Project Avoids Millions in Costs, Removes Chemical Solvents from Underground: Project avoided costs totaling more than $15 million, removed tons of chemical solvents from beneath the Savannah River Site June 13, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Harrel McCray, left, and Joey Clark, employees with SRS management and operations contractor, Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, stand by an extensive SRS cleanup system that safely and successfully rid the site of more than 33,000 gallons of non-radioactive chemical

308

Small Businesses Nationwide Begin Work on Cutting-Edge Innovative Research  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Businesses Nationwide Begin Work on Cutting-Edge Innovative Small Businesses Nationwide Begin Work on Cutting-Edge Innovative Research Projects Small Businesses Nationwide Begin Work on Cutting-Edge Innovative Research Projects February 21, 2012 - 12:18pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that with support from the Department of Energy, 142 small businesses around the nation are starting work this week on 180 innovative research projects ranging from designing better wind turbines to developing a chemical-free approach to killing bacteria in power plant cooling water and from developing instruments to improve nanomaterials to making new coatings to improve the efficiency of gas turbines. These grants to small businesses - totaling $26.4 million - are developing new energy technologies that

309

Cutting Edge Vehicles Take Center Stage at Texas Green Racing Event |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cutting Edge Vehicles Take Center Stage at Texas Green Racing Event Cutting Edge Vehicles Take Center Stage at Texas Green Racing Event Cutting Edge Vehicles Take Center Stage at Texas Green Racing Event September 27, 2013 - 4:00pm Addthis Team Muscle Milk won the American Le Mans Series race at the Circuit of the Americas in Austin, Texas last weekend. The Honda ARX-03c runs on E10 fuel. | Photo courtesy of Rizzo Motorsports Images Team Muscle Milk won the American Le Mans Series race at the Circuit of the Americas in Austin, Texas last weekend. The Honda ARX-03c runs on E10 fuel. | Photo courtesy of Rizzo Motorsports Images A Corvette running on E85 fuel won the GT class at Circuit of the Americas. | Photo courtesy of Rizzo Motorsports Images A Corvette running on E85 fuel won the GT class at Circuit of the Americas.

310

Energy Department Invests $10 Million to Cut Energy Waste in Small  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

$10 Million to Cut Energy Waste in Small $10 Million to Cut Energy Waste in Small Commercial Buildings Energy Department Invests $10 Million to Cut Energy Waste in Small Commercial Buildings July 17, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Building on President Obama's Climate Action Plan, which calls for steady, responsible steps to reduce carbon pollution and reduce energy bills for U.S. businesses, the Energy Department today announced an award of $10 million for six projects to help small commercial buildings save money by saving energy. These small commercial buildings are less than 50,000 square feet in size and include schools, churches, strip malls, restaurants, and grocery stores. The six projects are aimed at developing user-friendly tools and resources that can be easily deployed at any small building. The Energy

311

The Recovery Act: Cutting Costs and Upping Capacity | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Recovery Act: Cutting Costs and Upping Capacity The Recovery Act: Cutting Costs and Upping Capacity The Recovery Act: Cutting Costs and Upping Capacity August 25, 2010 - 5:56pm Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Yesterday, Secretary Chu joined Vice President Joe Biden at the White House to help unveil a new report on how investments made through the Recovery Act have been impacting innovation. While the report analyzed several major sectors, its most striking findings centered on energy. The Recovery Act and Department of Energy investments in a range of solar energy technologies are helping make solar power much more cost-competitive, with significant cost reductions expected between now and 2015. The Recovery Act included more than $5 billion for solar photovoltaic

312

EM Celebrates Ribbon Cutting for New Biomass Plant at Savannah River Site |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Celebrates Ribbon Cutting for New Biomass Plant at Savannah Celebrates Ribbon Cutting for New Biomass Plant at Savannah River Site EM Celebrates Ribbon Cutting for New Biomass Plant at Savannah River Site March 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Pictured from left are Senior Advisor for Environmental Management David Huizenga; DOE Savannah River Operations Office Manager Dave Moody; SRNS Infrastructure Maintenance and Engineering Manager John Stafford; DOE Federal Projects Director Jim DeMass; Under Secretary for Nuclear Security Thomas D’Agostino; DOE-Savannah River Assistant Manager Karen Guevara; Ameresco Federal Programs Director Nicole Bulgarino; Ameresco Executive Vice President Keith Derrington; U.S. Rep. Joe Wilson (R-SC); Ameresco Program Manager Ken Chacey; and Ameresco President and CEO George Sakellaris.

313

Energy Department Invests $10 Million to Cut Energy Waste in Small  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department Invests $10 Million to Cut Energy Waste in Small Energy Department Invests $10 Million to Cut Energy Waste in Small Commercial Buildings Energy Department Invests $10 Million to Cut Energy Waste in Small Commercial Buildings July 17, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Building on President Obama's Climate Action Plan, which calls for steady, responsible steps to reduce carbon pollution and reduce energy bills for U.S. businesses, the Energy Department today announced an award of $10 million for six projects to help small commercial buildings save money by saving energy. These small commercial buildings are less than 50,000 square feet in size and include schools, churches, strip malls, restaurants, and grocery stores. The six projects are aimed at developing user-friendly tools and resources that can be easily deployed at any small building. The Energy

314

EM Launches Revamped Website: New cutting-edge platform with sleek  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Launches Revamped Website: New cutting-edge platform with sleek Launches Revamped Website: New cutting-edge platform with sleek appearance focuses on ease-of-use EM Launches Revamped Website: New cutting-edge platform with sleek appearance focuses on ease-of-use January 7, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis A screenshot of the newly revamped EM website. A screenshot of the newly revamped EM website. EM's previous website EM's previous website A screenshot of the newly revamped EM website. EM's previous website WASHINGTON, D.C. - EM entered 2013 with a bold transition to a more user-friendly public website, http://energy.gov/em. EM launched the redesigned site after an extensive effort to recreate its old EM web pages and provide a modern Internet experience for website visitors. Based on Energy.gov's fresh innovative appearance and effective

315

Cutting Electricity Costs in Miami-Dade County, Florida | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cutting Electricity Costs in Miami-Dade County, Florida Cutting Electricity Costs in Miami-Dade County, Florida Cutting Electricity Costs in Miami-Dade County, Florida Addthis Description Miami-Dade County, Florida will be piping methane gas from their regional landfill to the adjacent wastewater plant to generate a significant portion of the massive facility's future electricity needs. Speakers Carlos Alvarez, LeAnn Oliver, Steve Kronheim, Jorge Gonzalez, Kathleen Woods-Richardson Duration 2:05 Topic Commercial Heating & Cooling Energy Sources Innovation Energy Economy Energy Sector Jobs Credit Energy Department Video Thank you for coming to celebrate a milestone in Miami-Dade. We are going to be turning biogas into energy. In Miami-Dade County, we've been a leader in the whole sustainability effort. I met with our sustainability

316

Save Energy, Cut Costs, and Bring a Different Kind of Value to Work |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Save Energy, Cut Costs, and Bring a Different Kind of Value to Work Save Energy, Cut Costs, and Bring a Different Kind of Value to Work Save Energy, Cut Costs, and Bring a Different Kind of Value to Work June 1, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Amy Foster Parish For many of us, thinking about energy efficiency means thinking about changes we can make at home. But residential energy efficiency is just one slice of the energy use pie. According to data from the Energy Information Administration, energy use in the residential and commercial sectors is neck and neck, at 22% and 19% respectively. Which means that commercial spaces-the offices, stores, schools, warehouses, restaurants, and other buildings that serve as workplaces-should also be on our minds when we think about ways to use less energy in our daily lives. Underscoring this point is ENERGY STAR's National Building Competition, a

317

Physicist John Schmidt, designer of cutting-edge fusion facilities, dies at  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physicist John Schmidt, designer of cutting-edge fusion facilities, dies at Physicist John Schmidt, designer of cutting-edge fusion facilities, dies at 72 By John Greenwald February 15, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One John Schmidt, 1940-2013 (Photo by Elle Starkman) John Schmidt, 1940-2013 Physicist John Schmidt, whose profound and wide-ranging contributions to the U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) made him a highly respected leader in the worldwide quest for fusion energy, died on February 13 following a brain hemorrhage. He was 72. Schmidt won wide acclaim for heading the design of cutting-edge facilities for magnetic fusion research during a 36-year career at PPPL, from which he retired in 2005. As interim director in 1996 he led the Laboratory's successful transition from large, fusion power-producing experiments such

318

Cuttings Analysis At U.S. South Region (Smith & Dees, 1982) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

& Dees, 1982) & Dees, 1982) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Cuttings Analysis At U.S. South Region (Smith & Dees, 1982) Exploration Activity Details Location U.S. South Region Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes (Louisiana & Mississippi): "cased, non-flowing boreholes at least 150 m deep were sought on an opportunistic basis through state geological surveys and U.S. Geological Survey offices. Representative samples of drill cuttings were used for laboratory measurements of thermal conductivity. A total of 38 new heat flow values, ranging from less than 1 heat flow unit (hfu) (41.8 mW/m 2) to more than 2 hfu, were determined (Smith and Dees, in

319

Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane May 15, 2013 - 4:10pm Addthis Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000 a year. | Photo courtesy of Community Counseling Services. Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000 a year. | Photo courtesy of Community Counseling Services. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What are the key facts? Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000

320

EM Launches Revamped Website: New cutting-edge platform with sleek  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EM Launches Revamped Website: New cutting-edge platform with sleek EM Launches Revamped Website: New cutting-edge platform with sleek appearance focuses on ease-of-use EM Launches Revamped Website: New cutting-edge platform with sleek appearance focuses on ease-of-use January 7, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis A screenshot of the newly revamped EM website. A screenshot of the newly revamped EM website. EM's previous website EM's previous website A screenshot of the newly revamped EM website. EM's previous website WASHINGTON, D.C. - EM entered 2013 with a bold transition to a more user-friendly public website, http://energy.gov/em. EM launched the redesigned site after an extensive effort to recreate its old EM web pages and provide a modern Internet experience for website visitors. Based on Energy.gov's fresh innovative appearance and effective

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Thermal Operator and Cutting Rules at Finite Temperature and Chemical Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the context of scalar field theories, both real and complex, we derive the cutting description at finite temperature (with zero/finite chemical potential) from the cutting rules at zero temperature through the action of a simple thermal operator. We give an alternative algebraic proof of the largest time equation which brings out the underlying physics of such a relation. As an application of the cutting description, we calculate the imaginary part of the one loop retarded self-energy at zero/finite temperature and finite chemical potential and show how this description can be used to calculate the dispersion relation as well as the full physical self-energy of thermal particles.

F. T. Brandt; Ashok Das; Olivier Espinosa; J. Frenkel; Silvana Perez

2006-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

322

Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane May 15, 2013 - 4:10pm Addthis Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000 a year. | Photo courtesy of Community Counseling Services. Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000 a year. | Photo courtesy of Community Counseling Services. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What are the key facts? Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000

323

The Story of a Cutting-Edge Solar Startup | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Story of a Cutting-Edge Solar Startup The Story of a Cutting-Edge Solar Startup The Story of a Cutting-Edge Solar Startup June 20, 2012 - 9:40am Addthis Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? Watch the video to learn how Alta Devices manufacturers high performance solar cells at a low cost. Alta Devices is rethinking how high performance solar cells are made. The Silicon Valley startup has taken gallium arsenide -- an expensive semiconductor material that is incredibly efficient at turning sunlight into electricity -- and developed a commercially viable processes for manufacturing it into solar modules. In 2009, Alta Devices was selected to participate in the Energy Department's SunShot Incubator program. Now in its sixth iteration,

324

TOTAL DIFFRACTION AND THERMAL DIFFUSE SCATTERING FROM A MULTI-BOUNCE CHANNEL-CUT SINGLE CRYSTAL  

SciTech Connect

We studied Bragg diffraction and Thermal Diffuse Scattering (TDS) from a Si(111) channel-cut triple-bounce crystal using the time-of-flight technique at a pulsed neutron source. Cadmium shielding restricted the detector s direct view of the first bounce surface. The channel-cut crystal dramatically suppresses TDS in the vicinity of the (111), (333) and (444) Bragg reflections; however, TDS appears and increases with the decrease of wavelength in the range of the (555), (777) and (888) orders where cadmium becomes transparent and the single-bounce reflections and TDS contaminate the triple-bounce (555), (777) and (888) reflections.

Carpenter, John M [ORNL; Agamalian, Michael [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Evaluation of CAVIJET cavitating jets for deep-hole rock cutting  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A feasibility study has shown that the CAVIJET cavitating fluid jet method should be capable of successfully augmenting the cutting action of mechanical bits under deep-hole conditions. Increased rock cutting rates by existing cavitating jet nozzles can be anticipated with conventional rig pressures for hole depths of at least 1200 m (4000 ft) and possibly deeper. Improved rates of penetration, based on preliminary laboratory roller bit tests, should be achieved by simply substituting CAVIJET nozzles absorbing equivalent hydraulic power for conventional roller bit nozzles.

Conn, A.F.; Johnson, V.E. Jr.; Liu, H.L.; Frederick, G.S.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

The Cutting Edge of Modernity: Machine Tools in the United States and Germany 1930-1945  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

): Germany – see Figures 1 & 2; US – American Machinist (1930 and 1931, 1940, and 1945) and United States, Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Handbook 1951, p. 10, Table A-3. Of course, a simple comparison of the total machine tool stock may... .71 Forging machines 32,598 18,602 0.78 Milling machines 116,978 71,474 0.83 Pipe cutting and threading machines + Thread machines 42,142 27,531 0.89 Lathes 308,170 225,749 1.00 Presses (not forging presses) 174,379 130,303 1.02 Cutting-off machines 39,719 29...

Ristuccia, Cristiano A; Tooze, J Adam

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

327

Restored Drill Cuttings for Wetlands Creation: Results of Mesocosm Approach to Emulate Field Conditions Under Varying Salinity and Hydrologic Conditions  

SciTech Connect

This study builds upon earlier research conducted by Southeastern Louisiana University concerning the efficacy of utilizing processed drill cuttings as an alternative substrate source for wetland rehabilitation (wetland creation and restoration). Previous research has indicated that processed drill cuttings exhibit a low degree of contaminant migration from the process drill cuttings to interstitial water and low toxicity, as tested by seven-day mysid shrimp chronic toxicity trials.

Hester, Mark W.; Shaffer, Gary P.; Willis Jonathan M.; DesRoches, Dennis J.

2001-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

328

Glass Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

40, pp. 162 - 186. Glass Production, Shortland, UEE 2009AINES Short Citation: Shortland 2009, Glass Production. UEE.Andrew, 2009, Glass Production. In Willeke Wendrich (ed. ),

Shortland, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Production Targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hall (2005), “Prices, Production, and Inventories over theProduction Targets ? Guillermo Caruana CEMFI caruana@cem?.esthe theory using monthly production targets of the Big Three

Caruana, Guillermo; Einav, Liran

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Pottery Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paul T. Nicholson. ) Pottery Production, Nicholson, UEE 2009Short Citation: Nicholson 2009, Pottery Production. UEE.Paul T. , 2009, Pottery Production. In Willeke Wendrich (

Nicholson, Paul T.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Cordage Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

294: fig. 15-3). Cordage Production, Veldmeijer, UEE 2009Short Citation: Veldmeijer, 2009, Cordage Production. UEE.André J. , 2009, Cordage Production. In Willeke Wendrich (

Veldmeijer, André J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

BUILDING MATERIALS MADE FROM FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION BY-PRODUCTS  

SciTech Connect

Flue gas desulphurization (FGD) materials are produced in abundant quantities by coal burning utilities. Due to environmental restrains, flue gases must be ''cleaned'' prior to release to the atmosphere. They are two general methods to ''scrub'' flue gas: wet and dry. The choice of scrubbing material is often defined by the type of coal being burned, i.e. its composition. Scrubbing is traditionally carried out using a slurry of calcium containing material (slaked lime or calcium carbonate) that is made to contact exiting flue gas as either a spay injected into the gas or in a bubble tower. The calcium combined with the SO{sub 2} in the gas to form insoluble precipitates. Some plants have been using dry injection of these same materials or their own Class C fly ash to scrub. In either case the end product contains primarily hannebachite (CaSO{sub 3} {center_dot} 1/2H{sub 2}O) with smaller amounts of gypsum (CaSO{sub 4} {center_dot} 2H{sub 2}O). These materials have little commercial use. Experiments were carried out that were meant to explore the feasibility of using blends of hannebachite and fly ash mixed with concentrated sodium hydroxide to make masonry products. The results suggest that some of these mixtures could be used in place of conventional Portland cement based products such as retaining wall bricks and pavers.

Michael W. Grutzeck; Maria DiCola; Paul Brenner

2006-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

333

OPEC Crude Oil Production 1999-2001  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 of 17 3 of 17 Notes: After declining in 1999 due to a series of announced production cuts, OPEC 10 (OPEC countries excluding Iraq) production has been increasing during 2000. EIA's projected OPEC production levels for fourth quarter 2000 have been lowered by 300,000 barrels per day from the previous Outlook. Most of this decrease is in OPEC 10 production, which is estimated to be 26.5 million barrels per day. EIA still believes that only Saudi Arabia, and to a lesser degree, the United Arab Emirates, will have significant short-term capacity to expand production. EIA's forecast assumes that OPEC 10 crude oil production will decline by 400,000 barrels per day to 26.1 million barrels per day by mid-2001. Iraqi crude oil production is estimated to have increased from 2.3 million

334

Activated Carbon and FGD Gypsum Standard Reference ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... have been effectively reduced in recent years, but atmospheric emissions of mercury from the operation of coal-fired power plants still remain the ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

PREDICTION OF CUTTINGS BED HEIGHT WITH COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS IN DRILLING HORIZONTAL AND HIGHLY DEVIATED WELLS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AND HIGHLY DEVIATED WELLS Doguhan Yilmaz, Mayang Tyagi Craft & Hawkins Department of Petroleum Engineering Louisiana State University Abstract In oil well drilling, the efficient transport of drilled cuttings from the well bottom to the surface is an important process affecting the overall drilling performance

Ullmer, Brygg

336

An analytic center cutting plane approach for conic programming Vasile L Basescu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analytic center cutting plane approach for conic programming Vasile L Basescu email: vbasescu;2 Basescu and Mitchell: ACCPM for conic programming u 0, u IRn u1 n i=2 u2 i . The induced cone - analytic center ^yi from the previous one ^yi-1. #12;Basescu and Mitchell: ACCPM for conic programming 3 We

Mitchell, John E.

337

AC Loss Reduction in Filamentized YBCO Coated Conductors with Virtual Transverse Cross-cuts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While the performance of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-x} (YBCO)-based coated conductors under dc currents has improved significantly in recent years, filamentization is being investigated as a technique to reduce ac loss so that the 2nd generation (2G) high temperature superconducting (HTS) wires can also be utilized in various ac power applications such as cables, transformers and fault current limiters. Experimental studies have shown that simply filamentizing the superconducting layer is not effective enough to reduce ac loss because of incomplete flux penetration in between the filaments as the length of the tape increases. To introduce flux penetration in between the filaments more uniformly and further reduce the ac loss, virtual transverse cross-cuts were made in superconducting filaments of the coated conductors fabricated using the metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) method. The virtual transverse cross-cuts were formed by making cross-cuts (17 - 120 {micro}m wide) on the IBAD (ion beam assisted deposition)-MgO templates using laser scribing followed by depositing the superconducting layer ({approx} 0.6 {micro}m thick). AC losses were measured and compared for filamentized conductors with and without the cross-cuts under applied peak ac fields up to 100 mT. The results were analyzed to evaluate the efficacy of filament decoupling and the feasibility of using this method to achieve ac loss reduction.

Zhang, Yifei [ORNL; Duckworth, Robert C [ORNL; Ha, Tam T [ORNL; List III, Frederick Alyious [ORNL; Gouge, Michael J [ORNL; Chen, Y [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York; X, Xiong, [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York; Selvamanickam, V. [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Towards robustness and energy efficiency of cut detection in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reliable, full network connectivity in wireless sensor networks (WSN) is difficult to maintain. Awareness of the state of network connectivity is similarly challenging. Harsh, unattended, low-security environments and resource-constrained nodes exacerbate ... Keywords: Network cut detection, Topology control, Wireless sensor networks

Myounggyu Won; Stephen M. George; Radu Stoleru

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Highly automated vine cutting transplanter based on DGNSS-RTK technology integrated with hydraulic devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to propose an innovative system for a commercial transplanter that allows the automatic point-laying location of each vine cutting without any kind of preliminary field squaring. We modified a semi-mounted disk planting unit ... Keywords: Automation, DGNSS-RTK, Precision agriculture, Transplanter, Vineyard

Fabrizio Mazzetto; Aldo Calcante

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

NREL Recommends Ways to Cut Building Energy Costs in Half (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Building designers and operators could cut energy use by 50% in large office buildings, hospitals, schools, and a variety of stores -- including groceries, general merchandise outlets, and retail outlets -- by following the recommendations of NREL researchers. The innovative energy-saving recommendations are contained in technical support documents and Advanced Energy Design Guides compiled by NREL.

Not Available

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Petroleum well drilling monitoring through cutting image analysis and artificial intelligence techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Petroleum well drilling monitoring has become an important tool for detecting and preventing problems during the well drilling process. In this paper, we propose to assist the drilling process by analyzing the cutting images at the vibrating shake shaker, ... Keywords: Applied artificial intelligence, Artificial Neural Networks, Optimum-path forest, Petroleum well drilling, Support vector machines

Ivan R. Guilherme; Aparecido N. Marana; João P. Papa; Giovani Chiachia; Luis C. S. Afonso; Kazuo Miura; Marcus V. D. Ferreira; Francisco Torres

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

CUTTING SOLAR RED TAPECUTTING SOLAR RED TAPE Evergreen State Solar PartnershipEvergreen State Solar Partnership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CUTTING SOLAR RED TAPECUTTING SOLAR RED TAPE Evergreen State Solar PartnershipEvergreen State Solar Partnership Rooftop Solar Challenge 1 Sunshot #12;WASHINGTON PV CONTEXTWASHINGTON PV CONTEXT 285 cities, 39 Installations happen where process is easier #12;EVERGREEN STATE SOLAR PARTNERSHIP Commerce NWSEEDEdmonds

343

A branch-and-cut algorithm for the minimum labeling Hamiltonian cycle problem and two variants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a mathematical model, valid inequalities and polyhedral results for the minimum labeling Hamiltonian cycle problem. This problem is defined on an unweighted graph in which each edge has a label. The aim is to determine a Hamiltonian ... Keywords: Branch-and-cut, Minimum labeling problem, Traveling salesman problem

Nicolas Jozefowiez; Gilbert Laporte; Frédéric Semet

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Normalized cut segmentation of thyroid tumor image based on fractional derivatives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the clinical diagnosis of thyroid tumor, ultrasound image may provide anatomical detail of the tumor, and radionuclide image may provide functional information about activity distribution of the tumor. Fusion of the two-modality medical image doesn't ... Keywords: fractional derivatives, image segmentation, normalized cut, thyroid tumor image

Jie Zhao; Li Zhang; Wei Zheng; Hua Tian; Dong-mei Hao; Song-hong Wu

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

WM00 Conference, February 27 March 2, 2000 DEMONSTRATING DIAMOND WIRE CUTTING OF THE TFTR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and decommissioning (D&D) projects such as Trojan and 105c reactors at Hanford for the removal of large mass concrete of various void fillers with the DWC system CONSTRUCTION: A test bed was designed and constructed to accommodate multiple cutting scenarios. The vacuum vessel surrogates (four constructed) were of the same

346

WM00 Conference, February 27-March 2, 2000 DEMONSTRATING DIAMOND WIRE CUTTING OF THE TFTR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reactors at Hanford for the removal of large mass concrete. Concerns for expanded application system CONSTRUCTION: A test bed was designed and constructed to accommodate multiple cutting scenarios. The vacuum vessel surrogates (four constructed) were of the same geometric shape as the TFTR vacuum vessel

347

Changes in cosmic ray cut-o rigidities due to secular variations of the geomagnetic eld  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Changes in cosmic ray cut-o rigidities due to secular variations of the geomagnetic ®eld A. Bhattacharyya1 , B. Mitra2 1 Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, Colaba, Bombay 400005, India 2 Department rays arriving at a point in an arbitrary direction, when the main geomagnetic ®eld is approximated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

348

Branch-cut singularities in the thermodynamics of Fermi liquid systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Search for non analyticity: If f is smooth and regular in the vicinity of f=0, the standard-analyticities associated with branch-cuts enter via ring diagrams, i.e., ladders which are closed onto themselves p+q p -p, the dominant terms are generated in the thermodynamic potential. In ladders the non- analyticities associated

Fominov, Yakov

349

NREL Recommends Ways to Cut Building Energy Costs in Half (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Building designers and operators could cut energy use by 50% in large office buildings, hospitals, schools, and a variety of stores - including groceries, general merchandise outlets, and retail outlets - by following the recommendations of researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).

Not Available

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Hydrogen Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Production DELIVERY FUEL CELLS STORAGE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY VALIDATION CODES & STANDARDS SYSTEMS INTEGRATION ANALYSES SAFETY EDUCATION RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Economy...

351

Development of an interval-valued fuzzy linear-programming method based on infinite ?-cuts for water resources management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An interval-valued fuzzy linear-programming (IVFL) method based on infinite @a-cuts is developed for water resources management in this study. The introduction of interval parameters and interval-valued fuzzy parameters into the objective function and ... Keywords: Agricultural irrigation, Fuzzy linear-programming, Infinite ?-cuts, Interval, Uncertainty, Water resources

H. W. Lu; G. H. Huang; L. He

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Higgs Production via Gluon-Induced Weak Boson Fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a calculation that allows for an estimation of the NNLO contributions to the Higgs production in the weak boson fusion channel. A possible deterioration of this important channel for the Higgs discoveries at the LHC can be ruled out by this calculation due to the small remaining cross section after the weak boson cuts.

Jens Vollinga

2008-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

353

Interimadvies inzake de mogelijke consequenties voor de nederlandse bevolking van het toepassen van afvalstoffen met een verhoogd gehalte aan radionucliden als bouwmateriaal (interim recommendation regarding the eventual consequences for the people of the Netherlands resulting from the use of waste products with an increased radionuclide content as construction materials)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report discusses the potential radiological consequences for the population of the Netherlands of using waste materials as building materials in housing construction. There is a growing need to use various waste products as building materials. Some of these substances, such as flyash and waste gypsum (in this case phosphogypsum), contain higher concentrations of radioactivity than the usual building materials. Unless these waste substances are re-used in some form or other, they will be direct dumped or discharged. A recommendation on an upper limit for the permissible level of radionuclides in building materials is urgently needed.

Not Available

1985-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

354

Cutting Energy-Efficiency R&D: Penny-wise and Petro-foolish  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Cutting Energy-Efficiency R&D: Penny-wise and Petro-foolish Consumers save about $150 billion per year (about $600 per person) thanks to improvements in energy efficiency, policies that encourage efficiency, structural changes and lower energy prices. DOE's energy-efficiency programs cost about one-tenth of 1% of the annual U.S. energy bill. While Congress moves to cut or eliminate a host of government energy-efficiency programs, little thought is being given to the billions of dollars of energy savings that will be forfeited by American homes and businesses. As oil imports eclipse levels that preceded the first energy crisis, as scientists discover yet more evidence of global climate change, as energy bills become a higher percentage of income for the poor, and as

355

Cross-cutting Issues Working Session | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Cross-cutting Issues Working Session Cross-cutting Issues Working Session Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Applied Mathematics Computer Science Exascale Tools Workshop Programming Challenges Workshop Architectures I Workshop External link Architectures II Workshop External link Next Generation Networking Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC) Computational Science Graduate Fellowship (CSGF) ASCR SBIR-STTR Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of ASCR Funding Opportunities Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) News & Resources Contact Information Advanced Scientific Computing Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-21/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-7486 F: (301) 903-4846 E: sc.ascr@science.doe.gov More Information »

356

Electrification and Mitigation: Long-Term GHG Deep-Cut Scenario Compatible  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electrification and Mitigation: Long-Term GHG Deep-Cut Scenario Compatible Electrification and Mitigation: Long-Term GHG Deep-Cut Scenario Compatible with Economic Development Speaker(s): Taishi Sugiyama Date: August 6, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Lynn Price We have analyzed scenarios of Japanese energy systems in the 21st century with special focus on the electrification and climate change mitigation. We have described the causality pathway as to how the major drivers will have impacts on the structure of energy systems and found the followings: (1) Steady electrification in the building sector is expected driven by technological progresses and social change in the absence of climate change policy; (2) With strong greenhouse gas emission constraints, the combination of accelerated electrification across all sectors and

357

DOE Awards Supercomputer Access to Cutting-Edge Projects | U.S. DOE Office  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Awards DOE Awards Supercomputer Access to Cutting-Edge Projects News Featured Articles Science Headlines 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 12.18.08 DOE Awards Supercomputer Access to Cutting-Edge Projects Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science announced today that 66 projects addressing some of the greatest scientific challenges have been awarded access to some of the world's most powerful supercomputers at DOE national laboratories. The projects-competitively selected for their technical readiness and scientific merit-will advance research in key areas such as astrophysics,

358

U.S. Department of Energy and Masdar Collaborate In Testing Cutting-Edge  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy and Masdar Collaborate In Testing Department of Energy and Masdar Collaborate In Testing Cutting-Edge Solar PV Coating Technologies U.S. Department of Energy and Masdar Collaborate In Testing Cutting-Edge Solar PV Coating Technologies February 28, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Abu Dhabi-UAE: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Masdar, Abu Dhabi's multifaceted renewable energy initiative, announced that they will collaborate to test the performance of specially coated solar photovoltaic modules designed to avoid the moisture and cementation problems currently faced by PV module producers worldwide and prevent dry dust adhesion. Developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) - the U.S. federal laboratory dedicated to the research, development, commercialization and deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiency

359

PPPL scientists present cutting-edge results at major physics meeting |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

scientists present cutting-edge results at major physics meeting scientists present cutting-edge results at major physics meeting By Kitta MacPherson November 12, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One Gallery: The "Remote Glow Discharge Experiment (RGDX)". The "Remote Glow Discharge Experiment (RGDX)". Arturo Dominguez. (Photo by Elle Starkman/ PPPL Office of Communications) Arturo Dominguez. More than 1,500 researchers, including scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), have gathered in Denver, Colorado, for the 55th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society's (APS) Division of Plasma Physics (DPP). The five-day conference concludes Nov. 15. While there, they will attend nine half-day sessions covering topics ranging from the challenges of producing a fusion reaction

360

NREL: News Feature - NREL Teams with Navy to Cut Energy Use  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NREL Teams with Navy to Cut Energy Use NREL Teams with Navy to Cut Energy Use April 19, 2013 Photo of the USS O'Kane (DDG 77) returning to U.S. Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam. Enlarge image Guided-missile destroyer USS O'Kane returns to Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam after a seven-month deployment. The Navy and NREL have teamed up to find solutions to meet the Navy's ambitious energy goals, including working with the Naval Facilities Engineering Command in Hawaii and Guam to install and test advanced building efficiency, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning), and renewables and facility integration technologies. Credit: Photo by U.S. Navy Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Diana Quinlan Check off a list in your head of the government organizations that play a role in the security of the United States. The Department of Defense (DoD)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Cuttings Analysis At Long Valley Caldera Area (Pribnow, Et Al., 2003) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2003) 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Cuttings Analysis At Long Valley Caldera Area (Pribnow, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Long Valley Caldera Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Here we present a detailed thermal conductivity profile for LVEW (Fig. 5a). Measurements were performed at the geothermal laboratory of the USGS on chips and core samples using divided bar and needle probe instruments. Detailed descriptions of these instruments and measurement procedures are given in Sass et al. (1971a,b). At shallow depths in the caldera References Daniel F. C. Pribnow, Claudia Schutze, Suzanne J. Hurter, Christina Flechsig, John H. Sass (2003) Fluid Flow In The Resurgent Dome Of Long

362

Solar Startup Semprius to Create 250 Jobs in North Carolina at Cutting-Edge  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Startup Semprius to Create 250 Jobs in North Carolina at Solar Startup Semprius to Create 250 Jobs in North Carolina at Cutting-Edge Pilot Plant Solar Startup Semprius to Create 250 Jobs in North Carolina at Cutting-Edge Pilot Plant July 25, 2011 - 9:44am Addthis A tiny Semprius HCPV cell, mounted on an interposer. Each cell is only 0.6mm on one side. | Photo courtesy of Semprius A tiny Semprius HCPV cell, mounted on an interposer. Each cell is only 0.6mm on one side. | Photo courtesy of Semprius A prototype of the module that will be manufactured at the new plant in Henderson, North Caroline. | Photo courtesy of Semprius A prototype of the module that will be manufactured at the new plant in Henderson, North Caroline. | Photo courtesy of Semprius The Semprius RD&D system in Tucson, Arizona. | Photo courtesy of Semprius

363

Supernovae of the Same Brightness, Cut From Vastly Different Cosmic Cloth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supernovae of the Supernovae of the Same Brightness, Cut From Vastly Different Cosmic Cloth Supernovae of the Same Brightness, Cut From Vastly Different Cosmic Cloth Berkeley Lab researchers make historic observation of rare Type 1a Supernova August 23, 2012 | Tags: Astrophysics Linda Vu, lvu@lbl.gov, +1 510 495 2402 ptf11kx.png The supernova PTF 11kx can be seen as the blue dot on the galaxy. The image was taken when the supernova was near maximum brightness by the Faulkes Telescope North. The system is located approximately 600 million light years away in the constellation Lynx. Image Credit: BJ Fulton (Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network) Exploding stars called Type 1a supernova are ideal for measuring cosmic distance because they are bright enough to spot across the Universe and

364

Are Tableaux an Improvement on Truth-Tables? Cut-Free proofs and Bivalence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that Smullyan's analytic tableaux cannot p-simulate the truth-tables. We identify the cause of this computational breakdown and relate it to an underlying semantic difficulty which is common to the whole tradition originating in Gentzen's sequent calculus, namely the dissonance between cut-free proofs and the Principle of Bivalence. Finally we discuss some ways in which this principle can be built into a tableau-like method without affecting its "analytic" nature. 1 Introduction The truth-table method, introduced by Wittgenstein in his Tractatus LogicoPhilosophicus, provides a decision procedure for propositional logic which is immediately implementable on a machine. However this time-honoured method is usually mentioned only to be immediately dismissed because of its incurable inefficiency. The well-known tableau method (which is closely related to Gentzen's cut-free sequent calculus) is commonly regarded as a "shortcut" in testing the logical validity of complex propositions...

Marcello D' Agostino

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Measurement of electron density with the phase-resolved cut-off probe method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The phase resolved cut-off probe method, a precise measurement method for the electron density, was recently proposed [J. H. Kwon et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 081502 (2010)]. This paper presents the measurements of electron density using the method under various experimental conditions (different pressures, powers, chamber volumes, and discharge sources). The result shows that the method is not only in good agreement with the previous method using wave transmittance under various experimental conditions but it is also able to find the cut-off point clearly even under difficult conditions such as high pressure ({approx} 1 Torr), high discharge power, and small plasma volume. The details of the experimental setup, the operating mechanism of the probe method, and the data processing procedure (algorithm) are also addressed. Furthermore, the reliability of the measurement method is investigated by using an electromagnetic field simulation with cold plasma model (CST-Drude model, Computer Simulation Technology).

Kwon, J. H.; Kim, D. W.; Na, B. K. [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon, Korea 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); You, S. J.; Kim, J. H.; Shin, Y. H. [Center for Vacuum Technology, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon, Korea 305-306 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

366

Cut set-based risk and reliability analysis for arbitrarily interconnected networks  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method for computing all-terminal reliability for arbitrarily interconnected networks such as the United States public switched telephone network. The method includes an efficient search algorithm to generate minimal cut sets for nonhierarchical networks directly from the network connectivity diagram. Efficiency of the search algorithm stems in part from its basis on only link failures. The method also includes a novel quantification scheme that likewise reduces computational effort associated with assessing network reliability based on traditional risk importance measures. Vast reductions in computational effort are realized since combinatorial expansion and subsequent Boolean reduction steps are eliminated through analysis of network segmentations using a technique of assuming node failures to occur on only one side of a break in the network, and repeating the technique for all minimal cut sets generated with the search algorithm. The method functions equally well for planar and non-planar networks.

Wyss, Gregory D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Dimming LEDs with Phase-Cut Dimmers: The Specifier's Process for Maximizing Success  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews how phase-cut dimmers work, how LEDs differ from the incandescent lamps that the dimmers were historically designed to control, and how these differences can lead to complications when trying to dim LEDs. Compatibility between a specific LED source and a specific phase-cut dimmer is often unknown and difficult to assess, and ensuring compatibility adds complexity to the design, specification, bidding, and construction observation phases for new buildings and major remodel projects. To maximize project success, this report provides both general guidance and step-by-step procedures for designing phase-controlled LED dimming on both new and existing projects, as well as real-world examples of how to use those procedures.

Miller, Naomi J.; Poplawski, Michael E.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

An Investigation for Disposal of Drill Cuttings into Unconsolidated Sandstones and Clayey Sands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project include experimental data and a set of models for relating elastic moduli/porosity/texture and static-to-dynamic moduli to strength and failure relationships for unconsolidated sands and clayey sands. The results of the project should provide the industry with a basis for wider use of oil base drilling fluids in water sensitive formations by implementing drill cutting injection into existing wells at abandoned formations and controlling fracture geometry to prevent ground water contamination.

Mese, Ali; Dvorkin, Jack; Shillinglaw, John

2000-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

369

Interacting Entropy-Corrected Holographic Dark Energy and IR Cut-Off Length  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we consider holographic dark energy model with corrected holographic energy density and show that this model may be equivalent to the modified Chaplygin gas model. Then we obtain relation between entropy corrected holographic dark energy model and scalar field models. We do these works by using choices of IR cut-off length proportional to the Hubble radius, the event horizon radius, the Ricci length, and the Granda-Oliveros length.

J. Sadeghi; B. Pourhassan; Z. Abbaspour Moghaddam

2013-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

370

GARCON: Genetic Algorithm for Rectangular Cuts OptimizatioN. User's manual for version 2.0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents GARCON program, illustrating its functionality on a simple HEP analysis example. The program automatically performs rectangular cuts optimization and verification for stability in a multi-dimensional phase space. The program has been successfully used by a number of very different analyses presented in the CMS Physics Technical Design Report. The current version GARCON 2.0 incorporates the feedback the authors have received. User's Manual is included as a part of the note.

S. Abdullin; D. Acosta; P. Bartalini; R. Cavanaugh; A. Drozdetskiy; G. Karapostoli; G. Mitselmakher; Yu. Pakhotin; B. Scurlock; M. Spiropulu

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

371

Target Fragmentation in Semi-Inclusive DIS: Fracture Functions, Cut Vertices and the OPE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss semi-inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS) in the z -> 1 limit, in particular the relationship between fracture functions, generalised cut vertices and Green functions of the composite operators arising in the OPE. The implications, in the spin-polarised case, for testing whether the "proton spin" effect is target-independent are explored. Explicit calculations in (phi^3)_6 theory are presented which are consistent with our observations.

M. Grazzini; G. M. Shore; B. E. White

1999-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

372

Cutting Costs by Locating High Production Wells: A Test of the Volcano seismic Approach to Finding ''Blind'' Resources  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In the summer of 2000, Duke University and the Kenyan power generation company, KenGen, conducted a microearthquake monitoring experiment at Longonot volcano in Kenya. Longonot is one of several major late Quaternary trachyte volcanoes in the Kenya Rift. They study was aimed at developing seismic methods for locating buried hydrothermal areas in the Rift on the basis of their microearthquake activity and wave propagation effects. A comparison of microearthquake records from 4.5 Hz, 2 Hz, and broadband seismometers revealed strong high-frequency site and wave-propagation effects. The lower frequency seismometers were needed to detect and record individual phases. Two-dozen 3-component 2- Hz L22 seismographs and PASSCAL loggers were then distributed around Longonot. Recordings from this network located one seismically active area on Longonot's southwest flank. The events from this area were emergent, shallow (<3 km), small (M<1), and spatially restricted. Evidently, the hydrothermal system in this area is not currently very extensive or active. To establish the nature of the site effects, the data were analyzed using three spectral techniques that reduce source effects. The data were also compared to a simple forward model. The results show that, in certain frequency ranges, the technique of dividing the horizontal motion by the vertical motion (H/V) to remove the source fails because of non-uniform vertical amplification. Outside these frequencies, the three methods resolve the same, dominant, harmonic frequencies at a given site. In a few cases, the spectra can be fit with forward models containing low velocity surface layers. The analysis suggests that the emergent, low frequency character of the microearthquake signals is due to attenuation and scattering in the near surface ash deposits.

Eylon Shalev; Peter E. Malin; Wendy McCausland

2002-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

373

Arkansan Worker Cuts Bills After Auto Job Layoff | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Arkansan Worker Cuts Bills After Auto Job Layoff Arkansan Worker Cuts Bills After Auto Job Layoff Arkansan Worker Cuts Bills After Auto Job Layoff November 24, 2009 - 3:34pm Addthis Joshua DeLung The wind used to howl around the doors and through the attic of Thomas Lee's house. It's an older brick home with poor insulation located just outside the city limits of Tyronza, Ark. The furnace never seemed to kick off in the winter, and keeping his family warm was a constant battle, Thomas says, one that cost him close to $100 extra each month in the winter. Thomas is 51 years old and lives with his wife and two teenage sons. When his two-bedroom home was weatherized in August, the 15-year U.S. Navy veteran experienced the effects of the Recovery Act first-hand when he could really use it. After his 13-year auto manufacturing job, where he was most recently a

374

Arkansan Worker Cuts Bills After Auto Job Layoff | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Arkansan Worker Cuts Bills After Auto Job Layoff Arkansan Worker Cuts Bills After Auto Job Layoff Arkansan Worker Cuts Bills After Auto Job Layoff November 24, 2009 - 3:34pm Addthis Joshua DeLung The wind used to howl around the doors and through the attic of Thomas Lee's house. It's an older brick home with poor insulation located just outside the city limits of Tyronza, Ark. The furnace never seemed to kick off in the winter, and keeping his family warm was a constant battle, Thomas says, one that cost him close to $100 extra each month in the winter. Thomas is 51 years old and lives with his wife and two teenage sons. When his two-bedroom home was weatherized in August, the 15-year U.S. Navy veteran experienced the effects of the Recovery Act first-hand when he could really use it. After his 13-year auto manufacturing job, where he was most recently a

375

MotorWeek Video Transcript: BlueTec Clean Diesel and GM's Cylinder Cut-off  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BlueTec Clean Diesel and GM's Cylinder Cut-off BlueTec Clean Diesel and GM's Cylinder Cut-off Jessica Shea Choksey:Mercedes-Benz has over 80 years of diesel experience. So it's no surprise they are on the cutting edge of making them environmentally friendly. The full-size seven-passenger 2007 Mercedes-Benz GL320 BlueTec is the cleanest diesel sport-utility vehicle in the world. Named after the color of the emission reducing urea fluid injected into the catalyst system, BlueTec is the technology that can ultimately make clean diesels the obvious choice for Americans. Using Mercedes latest 3.2 liter Turbo diesel V-6, the GL320 will also be the most efficient big SUV with an anticipated highway fuel economy of over 25 miles per gallon. The GL BlueTec goes on sale in January. Also making fuel-saving automotive news is General Motors. As part of

376

DEVELOPMENT OF GLASS AND GLASS CERAMIC PROPPANTS FROM GAS SHALE WELL DRILL CUTTINGS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to develop a method of converting drill cuttings from gas shale wells into high strength proppants via flame spheroidization and devitrification processing. Conversion of drill cuttings to spherical particles was only possible for small particle sizes (< 53 {micro}m) using a flame former after a homogenizing melting step. This size limitation is likely to be impractical for application as conventional proppants due to particle packing characteristics. In an attempt to overcome the particle size limitation, sodium and calcium were added to the drill cuttings to act as fluxes during the spheroidization process. However, the flame former remained unable to form spheres from the fluxed material at the relatively large diameters (0.5 - 2 mm) targeted for proppants. For future work, the flame former could be modified to operate at higher temperature or longer residence time in order to produce larger, spherical materials. Post spheroidization heat treatments should be investigated to tailor the final phase assemblage for high strength and sufficient chemical durability.

Johnson, F.; Fox, K.

2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

377

A NOVEL METHOD FOR CUTTINGS REMOVAL FROM HOLES DURING PERCUSSIVE DRILLING ON MARS ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acquiring samples from the subsurface of Mars poses many challenges. The scientific return increases with the depth from which the samples are obtained, but so does the risk. Thus, it is important to develop a fully autonomous drilling platform that will be capable of accessing the required depth and retrieving cores for scientific analysis. The method of drilling most likely to succeed will be a conventional mechanical core drill, either rotary or percussive, with a mechanical system for removing the cuttings and rock core from the hole. Instead of fluid flushing systems for removing cuttings, which would be very difficult to provide and in addition may contaminate the sample, an auger system is the best solution for rotary drilling. However, no such solution has been identified for the percussive drilling method. To solve this problem, a novel means of conveying cuttings out of the hole during percussive drilling has been developed and is presented in this paper. It relies on the reciprocating action between a pair of surfaces covered with bristles. Experimental results show that there is an optimum ratio of particle diameter to bristle length that gives the highest speed of particle conveyance. This new method also stabilizes the hole so that the drill string may be removed to recover a rock core sample. 1

Kris Zacny; Michael Quayle; Mara Mcfadden; Adam Neugebauer; Kenji Huang; George Cooper (faculty Advisor

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

The Technology Path to Deep Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cuts by 2050: The  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology Path to Deep Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cuts by 2050: The Technology Path to Deep Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cuts by 2050: The Pivotal Role of Electricity Title The Technology Path to Deep Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cuts by 2050: The Pivotal Role of Electricity Publication Type Journal Article Refereed Designation Unknown Year of Publication 2012 Authors Williams, James H., Andrew DeBenedictis, Rebecca Ghanadan, Amber Mahone, Jack Moore, William R. Morrow, Snuller Price, and Margaret S. Torn Journal Science Volume 335 Start Page 53 Issue 6064 Pagination 53-59 Date Published 01/2012 Abstract Several states and countries have adopted targets for deep reductions in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, but there has been little physically realistic modeling of the energy and economic transformations required. We analyzed the infrastructure and technology path required to meet California's goal of an 80% reduction below 1990 levels, using detailed modeling of infrastructure stocks, resource constraints, and electricity system operability. We found that technically feasible levels of energy efficiency and decarbonized energy supply alone are not sufficient; widespread electrification of transportation and other sectors is required. Decarbonized electricity would become the dominant form of energy supply, posing challenges and opportunities for economic growth and climate policy. This transformation demands technologies that are not yet commercialized, as well as coordination of investment, technology development, and infrastructure deployment.

379

On some recent advances in multimodal surgery simulation: A hybrid approach to surgical cutting and the use of video images for enhanced realism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present some recent advances in realistic surgery simulation including novel algorithms for simulating surgical cutting and techniques of improving visual realism of the simulated scenarios using images. Simulation of surgical cutting ...

Yi-Je Lim; Wei Jin; Suvranu De

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

An evaluation of alternative reactor vessel cutting technologies for the experimental boiling water reactor at Argonne National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Metal cutting techniques that can be used to segment the reactor pressure vessel of the Experimental Boiling Water Reactor (EBWR) at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) have been evaluated by Nuclear Energy Services. Twelve cutting technologies are described in terms of their ability to perform the required task, their performance characteristics, environmental and radiological impacts, and cost and schedule considerations. Specific recommendations regarding which technology should ultimately be used by ANL are included. The selection of a cutting method was the responsibility of the decommissioning staff at ANL, who included a relative weighting of the parameters described in this document in their evaluation process. 73 refs., 26 figs., 69 tabs.

Boing, L.E.; Henley, D.R. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Manion, W.J.; Gordon, J.W. (Nuclear Energy Services, Inc., Danbury, CT (USA))

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Top quark spin and $Htb$ interaction in charged Higgs and top quark associated production at LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the charged Higgs production at LHC via its associated production with top quark. The kinematic cuts are optimized to suppress the background processes so that the reconstruction of the charged Higgs and top quark is possible. The angular distributions with respect to top quark spin are explored to study the $Htb$ interaction at LHC.

Xue Gong; Zong-Guo Si; Shuo Yang; Ya-juan Zheng

2012-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

382

Development of a dual joystick-controlled optical trapping and cutting system for optical micro-manipulation of cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Y (from MC) Joystick Button Green LED S FSM X Cut X (fromwhile the large green rectangular button indicates whether5 VDC Coil S Joystick Button Green LED Robolase IV PX P FSM

Harsono, Marcellinus Stevie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Welding Cutting and Brazing Assessment Plan Assessment plan - Developed By NNSA/Nevada Site Office Facility Representative Division  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WELDING, CUTTING AND BRAZING WELDING, CUTTING AND BRAZING Assessment Plan NNSA/Nevada Site Office Facility Representative Division Performance Objective: This assessment is to verify hot work requirements associated with welding, cutting, burning, brazing, grinding and other spark- or flame-producing operations have been implemented. Verify that the requirements implemented are appropriate for preventing loss of life and property from fire, and personal injury from contact with or exposure to molten metals, vapors, radiant energy, injurious rays and sparks. Criteria: Establish designated area in which routine and repetitive welding, cutting, and other spark- or flame producing operations are conducted [1910.252(a)(2)(iv),1910.252(a)(2)(vi)(A), 1910.252(a)(2)(xv), General Requirements].

384

Methanol production from Eucalyptus wood chips. Working Document 2. Vegetative propagation of Eucalypts  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The feasibility of large-scale plantation establishment by various methods was examined, and the following conclusions were reached: seedling plantations are limited in potential yield due to genetic variation among the planting stock and often inadequate supplies of appropriate seed; vegetative propagation by rooted cuttings can provide good genetic uniformity of select hybrid planting stock; however, large-scale production requires establishment and maintenance of extensive cutting orchards. The collection of shoots and preparation of cuttings, although successfully implemented in the Congo and Brazil, would not be economically feasible in Florida for large-scale plantations; tissue culture propagation of select hybrid eucalypts offers the only opportunity to produce the very large number of trees required to establish the energy plantation. The cost of tissue culture propagation, although higher than seedling production, is more than off-set by the increased productivity of vegetative plantations established from select hybrid Eucalyptus.

Fishkind, H.H.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Estimating attenuation properties of bentonite layer in Cut Bank oil field, Glacier County, Montana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acquisition and interpretation of 3-D seismic data led DeAngelo and Hardage (2001) to describe the channel system in the south central Cut Bank area in Glacier County, Montana. The presence of a low velocity layer called Bentonite was also discovered in the area with the help of well-logs. Bentonite is a volcanic ash, which lies on both sides of the channel system and is absent within the channel. DeAngelo and Hardage (2001) shot a vertical seismic profiling (VSP) survey at well # 54-8 to analyze the formation structure in depth, since seismic signals around the reservoir area were unclear in the 3-D survey. This research attempts to estimate the attenuation properties of the Bentonite layer in the Cut Bank oil field. VSP data is processed for velocity information and estimation of seismic Q using the spectral ratios method (SRM). The SRM theoretically assumes that the propagating signal is a plane seismic wave traveling vertically from one point to another in a homogeneous model. The amplitudes at the start and end points are known and relate to each other with the attenuation coefficient in a frequency range. The relation between the seismic amplitudes at z distance from each other can be expressed as a linear function of frequency after a few modifications. SRM uses the linearity of the logarithmic ratio of the seismic amplitudes over a frequency range. In theory, ratios plotted against a frequency range must produce a flat line. However, in practice, the logarithmic ratios are expected to draw an approximate line (curve), where some of the data points deviate from the origin of the line. Thus fitting a line to the ratios curve and calculating the slope of this curve are necessary. Slope of the curve relates to the seismic attenuation coefficient and further to the seismic Q. The SRM results suggest that Bentonite may have a Q value as low as 5. This highly attenuative and thin (20 to 40 feet throughout the south central Cut Bank Unit) layer alters seismic signals propagating through it. A thorough analysis of the amplitude spectra suggests that seismic signals dramatically lose their energy when they pass through Bentonite. Low energy content of the signals below the Bentonite layer highlights that the recovery of the seismic energy is less likely despite the presence of multiples, which are known to affect the seismic signals constructively. Therefore, separation of reflected events is a greater challenge for the thin reservoir sand units lying underneath the Bentonite layer. Thus the Bentonite layer in the Cut Bank oil field has to be taken seriously and data processing should be done accordingly for better accuracy.

Karakurt, Necdet

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

RMOTC - Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Production Production RMOTC Pumpjack in action During the process of the sale of NPR-3, RMOTC will focus on maximizing the value of the NPR-3 site and will continue with its Production Optimization Projects. NPR-3 includes 9,481 acres with more than 400 oil-producing wells. Current oil production is at approximately 240 barrels of oil per day. In July 2013, RMOTC began working on a number of Production Optimization Projects within the NPR-3 field, with the goal to optimize and improve flow and efficiency. Production Optimization Projects include repairing and replacing existing infrastructure with new infrastructure in order to optimize current wells and bring additional wells online. These Production Optimization Projects will continue throughout 2013 and are focused on improving current production and creating revenue for the America tax payer.

387

Antihydrogen production  

SciTech Connect

Antihydrogen production in ATHENA is analyzed more carefully. The most important peculiarities of the different experimental situations are discussed. The protonium production via the first matter-antimatter chemical reaction is commented too.

Rizzini, Evandro Lodi; Venturelli, Luca; Zurlo, Nicola [Dipartimento di Chimica e Fisica per l'Ingegneria e per i Materiali, Universita di Brescia, 25133 Brescia (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Gruppo Collegato di Brescia, 25133 Brescia (Italy)

2008-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

388

Tin Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...descending order, Brazil, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Bolivia, and Australia. These countries supply more than 85% of total world production....

389

Open-Source Consumer Electronic Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the effects of digital fabrication on the design, production, and customization of consumer electronic devices. It does so through a series of three case studies – a radio, a pair of speakers, and a computer mouse – that combine a custom electronic circuit board with a digitally-fabricated (laser-cut or 3D-printed) enclosure. For each case study, the thesis describes the construction and prototyping of the product and a workshop in which participants modified the design and made the device for themselves. This customization was enabled by the sharing of the design files for the products following the principles and practices of open-source. The case studies are used to draw practical lessons about the application of electronics, the laser-cutter, and the 3D printer in the digital fabrication of consumer electronic products. Implications are drawn for the open-sourcing of each of these elements and for the

David Adley Mellis; David Adley Mellis

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Questions and Answers - What happens when a magnet is cut in two? Does the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Can you turn something into a magnetby banging on it in a specific way? Can you turn something into a magnet<br>by banging on it in a specific way? Previous Question (Can you turn something into a magnet by banging on it in a specific way?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (Does the size of a magnet make it stronger?) Does the size of a magnetmake it stronger? What happens when a magnet is cut in two? Does the strength of an electromagnet depend on the number of turns of wire? If you have two magnets how can you find out which one is stronger? A couple of different things can happen when you cut a magnet in half.If you do it gently you can end up with two magnets. You can think of a magnet as a bundle of tiny magnets, called magnetic domains, that are jammed together. Each one reinforces the magnetic fields of the others. Each one

391

Open Skies and monitoring a fissile materials cut-off treaty  

SciTech Connect

The Treaty on Open Skies (Open Skies) is intended among other things to provide, in the words of its preamble, means ``to facilitate the monitoring of compliance with existing or future arms control agreements.`` Open Skies permits overflights of the territory of member states by aircraft equipped with an array of sensors of various types. Their types and capabilities are treaty-limited. To find useful application in monitoring a cut-off treaty Open Skies would need to be amended. The number of signatories would need to be expanded so as to provide greater geographical coverage, and restrictions on sensor-array capabilities would need to be relaxed. To facilitate the detection of impending violations of a cut-off convention by Open Skies overflights, the data base provided by parties to the former should include among other things an enumeration of existing and former fuel cycle and research facilities including those converted to other uses, their precise geographic location, and a site plan.

Allentuck, J.; Lemley, J.R.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Study for radionuclide transfer ratio of aerosols generated during heat cutting  

SciTech Connect

The metallic elements with a low melting point and high vapor pressure seemed to transfer in aerosols selectively at dismantling reactor internals using heat cutting. Therefore, the arc melting tests of neutron irradiated zirconium alloy were conducted to investigate the radionuclide transfer behavior of aerosols generated during the heat cutting of activated metals. The arc melting test was conducted using a tungsten inert gas welding machine in an inert gas or air atmosphere. The radioactive aerosols were collected by filter and charcoal filter. The test sample was obtained from Zry-2 fuel cladding irradiated in a Japanese boiling water reactor for five fuel cycles. The activity analysis, chemical composition measurement and scanning electron microscope observation of aerosols were carried out. Some radionuclides were enriched in the aerosols generated in an inert gas atmosphere and the radionuclide transfer ratio did not change remarkably by the presence of air. The transfer ratio of Sb-125 was almost the same as that of Co-60. It was expected that Sb-125 was enriched from other elements since Sb is an element with a low melting point and high vapor pressure compared with the base metal (Zr). In the viewpoint of the environmental impact assessment, it became clear that the influence if Sb-125 is comparable to Co-60. The transfer ratio of Mn-54 was one order higher compared with other radionuclides. The results were discussed on the basis of thermal properties and oxide formation energy of the metallic elements. (authors)

Iguchi, Yukihiro; Baba, Tsutomu; Kawakami, Hiroto [Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization - JNES (Japan); Kitahara, Takashi; Watanabe, Atsushi [Hitachi, Ltd. (Japan); Kodama, Mitsuhiro [Nippon Nuclear Fuel Development Co., Ltd. (Japan)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Back-scattering channel-cut high-resolution monochromator for inelastic x-ray scattering  

SciTech Connect

We report on a design and on some experimental results for the performance of a new high energy resolution monochromator. It is a large channel-cut Si crystal with a 197 mm separation between the two faces designed to operate in a near-backscattering regime. The device was tested as a second monochromator on Sector 3 of the Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation Collaborative Access Team (SRI-CAT) at the Advanced Photon Source using the Si(777) reflection at a photon energy of 13.84 keV. The same monochromator can be used for other energies with reflections of the type (hhh). Special care has been taken to equalize the temperature of the two faces by employing a Peltier heat pump. A Si(111) double-crystal pre-monochromator designed to withstand the high heat load of the undulator radiation was used upstream on the beamline. The measured throughput efficiency of the Si(777) channel-cut monochromator was less ideal by a factor of 1.9. Dynamical diffraction theory was used to calculate the throughput of an ideally perfect crystal.

Kushnir, V.I.; Abbamonte, P.M.; Macrander, A.T.; Schwoerer-Boehning, M.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Theory of flux cutting and flux transport at the critical current of a type-II superconducting cylindrical wire  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

I introduce a critical-state theory incorporating both flux cutting and flux transport to calculate the magnetic-field and current-density distributions inside a type-II superconducting cylinder at its critical current in a longitudinal applied magnetic field. The theory is an extension of the elliptic critical-state model introduced by Romero-Salazar and Perez-Rodriguez. The vortex dynamics depend in detail on two nonlinear effective resistivities for flux cutting ({rho}{parallel}) and flux flow ({rho}{perpendicular}), and their ratio r = {rho}{parallel}/{rho}{perpendicular}. When r flux cutting in reducing the magnitude of the internal magnetic-flux density leads to a paramagnetic longitudinal magnetic moment. As a model for understanding the experimentally observed interrelationship between the critical currents for flux cutting and depinning, I calculate the forces on a helical vortex arc stretched between two pinning centers when the vortex is subjected to a current density of arbitrary angle {phi}. Simultaneous initiation of flux cutting and flux transport occurs at the critical current density J{sub c}({phi}) that makes the vortex arc unstable.

Clem, John R.

2011-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

395

Theory of flux cutting and flux transport at the critical current of a type-II superconducting cylindrical wire  

SciTech Connect

I introduce a critical-state theory incorporating both flux cutting and flux transport to calculate the magnetic-field and current-density distributions inside a type-II superconducting cylinder at its critical current in a longitudinal applied magnetic field. The theory is an extension of the elliptic critical-state model introduced by Romero-Salazar and Pérez-Rodríguez. The vortex dynamics depend in detail on two nonlinear effective resistivities for flux cutting (?{sub ?}) and flux flow (?{sub ?}), and their ratio r=?{sub ?}/?{sub ?}. When r<1, the low relative efficiency of flux cutting in reducing the magnitude of the internal magnetic-flux density leads to a paramagnetic longitudinal magnetic moment. As a model for understanding the experimentally observed interrelationship between the critical currents for flux cutting and depinning, I calculate the forces on a helical vortex arc stretched between two pinning centers when the vortex is subjected to a current density of arbitrary angle ?. Simultaneous initiation of flux cutting and flux transport occurs at the critical current density J{sub c}(?) that makes the vortex arc unstable.

Clem, John R.

2011-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

396

Topic: Productivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... General Information: 301-975-5020 mfg@nist ... competitive in the global market, companies need to ... become more efficient in energy, production and ...

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

397

OIL PRODUCTION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OIL PRODUCTION Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) is a term applied to methods used for recovering oil from a petroleum reservoir beyond that recoverable by primary and secondary methods....

398

Hydrogen Production  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Research in DOE Databases Energy Citations Database Information Bridge Science.gov WorldWideScience.org Increase your H2IQ More information Making...

399

Silicon Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 12, 2012 ... An Investigation into the Electrochemical Production of Si by the FFC Cambridge Process: Emre Ergül1; ?shak Karakaya2; Metehan Erdo?an2; ...

400

Solar Decathlon 2009 Highlights of Team Innovations and Cutting-Edge Building Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 8 Solar Decathlon 2009 Highlights of Team Innovations and Cutting-Edge Building Technologies Cornell University * The house is built around a centralized core with all engineering systems in the mechanical / electrical closet at the center of the house. * The electrical energy is produced using 40 solar panels yielding 8kW nominally. * Thermal energy is collected by a system of 30 Silicon Solar SunMaxx U-30 evacuated tube collectors mounted on the south sides of two cylinders; this is the house's primary means of generating heat. * Exterior of house is CorTen corrugated steel. Copper pipes running behind the corrugations are heated by conduction, which then heats water as it passes in proximity to fill the hot water tank. This system

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

NETL: News Release - Energy Department Adds More Cutting-Edge Projects to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

October 3, 2001 October 3, 2001 Energy Department Adds More Cutting-Edge Projects to Improve Tomorrow's Gas Pipelines MORGANTOWN, WV - Every day in the United States an average of 55 billion cubic feet of natural gas moves through more than1.2 million miles of underground pipe and thousands of compressor stations to virtually every home and nearly 5 million businesses across the country. For the most part, this flow of natural gas is uneventful - in fact, America's pipeline system is unequaled in its efficiency and safety. But the current gas infrastructure is aging and leaks or breakages can occur. Moreover, as the Nation's consumption of natural gas increases, at least 300,000 miles of new distribution and transmission pipelines will have to be built by 2015.

402

Schlieren technique applied to the arc temperature measurement in a high energy density cutting torch  

SciTech Connect

Plasma temperature and radial density profiles of the plasma species in a high energy density cutting arc have been obtained by using a quantitative schlieren technique. A Z-type two-mirror schlieren system was used in this research. Due to its great sensibility such technique allows measuring plasma composition and temperature from the arc axis to the surrounding medium by processing the gray-level contrast values of digital schlieren images recorded at the observation plane for a given position of a transverse knife located at the exit focal plane of the system. The technique has provided a good visualization of the plasma flow emerging from the nozzle and its interactions with the surrounding medium and the anode. The obtained temperature values are in good agreement with those values previously obtained by the authors on the same torch using Langmuir probes.

Prevosto, L.; Mancinelli, B. [Departamento Ing. Electromecanica, Grupo de Descargas Electricas, Universidad Tecnologica Nacional, Regional Venado Tuerto, Las Heras 644, Venado Tuerto, Santa Fe 2600 (Argentina); Artana, G. [Departamento Ing. Mecanica, Laboratorio de Fluidodinamica, Facultad de Ingenieria (UBA), Paseo Colon 850 (C1063ACV), Buenos Aires (Argentina); Kelly, H. [Departamento de Fisica, Instituto de Fisica del Plasma (CONICET), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales (UBA), Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, Buenos Aires 1428 (Argentina)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

403

Automatic heart isolation for CT coronary visualization using graph-cuts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a means to automatically and efficiently isolate the outer surface of the entire heart in Computer Tomography (CT) cardiac scans. Isolating the entire heart allows the coronary vessels on the surface of the heart to be easily visualized despite the proximity of surrounding organs such as the ribs and pulmonary blood vessels. Numerous techniques have been described for segmenting the left ventricle of the heart in images from various types of medical scanners but rarely has the entire heart been segmented. We make use of graphcuts to do the segmentation and introduce a novel means of initiating and constraining the graph-cut technique for heart isolation. The technique has been tested on 70 patient data sets. Results are compares with hand labeled results. 1.

G. Funka-lea; Y. Boykov; C. Florin; M. -p. Jolly; R. Moreau-gobard; R. Ramaraj; D. Rinck

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Design and characterization of an UHV compatible artificial channel cut monochromator.  

SciTech Connect

We present design and characterization results of a novel ultra-high-vacuum-compatible artificial channel-cut monochromator that has been installed at the undulator beamline 8-ID-I at the Advanced Photon Source. The monochromator has been designed to meet the challenging stability and optical requirements of the x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy program hosted at this beamline. In particular, the device incorporates a novel in-vacuum sine-bar drive mechanism for the combined pitch motion of the two crystals and a flexure-based high-stiffness weak-link mechanism for fine tuning the pitch and roll of the second crystal relative to the first crystal.

Narayanan, S.; Shu, D.; Sandy, A.; Sprung, M.; Preissner, C.; Sullivan, J.; X-Ray Science Division

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Simultaneous laser cutting and welding of metal foil to edge of a plate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of welding an ultra-thin foil to the edge of a thicker sheet to form a vacuum insulation panel comprising the steps of providing an ultra-thin foil having a thickness less than 0.002, providing a top plate having an edge and a bottom plate having an edge, clamping the foil to the edge of the plate wherein the clamps act as heat sinks to distribute heat through the foil, providing a laser, moving the laser relative to the foil and the plate edges to form overlapping weld beads to weld the foil to the plate edges while simultaneously cutting the foil along the weld line formed by the overlapping beads.

Pernicka, John C. (Fort Collins, CO); Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

A Branch-and-Cut Algorithm for the Stochastic Uncapacitated Lot ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the end of period i, and yi indicates if there is a production set-up in period i. Problem parameters ?i,?i,hi, and di represent the production cost, set-up cost ...

407

Aircraft de-icer: Recycling can cut carbon emissions in half  

SciTech Connect

Flight-safety regulations in most countries require aircraft to be ice-free upon takeoff. In icy weather, this means that the aircraft usually must be de-iced (existing ice is removed) and sometimes anti-iced (to protect against ice-reformation). For both processes, aircraft typically are sprayed with an 'antifreeze' solution, consisting mainly of glycol diluted with water. This de/anti-icing creates an impact on the environment, of which environmental regulators have grown increasingly conscious. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), for example, recently introduced stricter rules that require airports above minimum size to collect de-icing effluents and send them to wastewater treatment. De-icer collection and treatment is already done at most major airports, but a few have gone one step further: rather than putting the effluent to wastewater, they recycle it. This study examines the carbon savings that can be achieved by recycling de-icer. There are two key findings. One, recycling, as opposed to not recycling, cuts the footprint of aircraft de-icing by 40-50% - and even more, in regions where electricity-generation is cleaner. Two, recycling petrochemical-based de-icer generates a 15-30% lower footprint than using 'bio' de-icer without recycling. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Carbon footprint of aircraft de-icing can be measured. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Recycling aircraft de-icer cuts the footprint of aircraft de-icing by 40-50%. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Recycling 'fossil' de-icer is lower carbon than not recycling 'bio' de-icer.

Johnson, Eric P., E-mail: ejohnson@ecosite.co.uk

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

408

Studies of the frictional heating of polycrystalline diamond compact drag tools during rock cutting  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A numerical-analytical model is developed to analyze temperatures in polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) drag tools subject to localized frictional heating at a worn flat area and convective cooling at exposed lateral surfaces. Experimental measurements of convective heat transfer coefficients of PDC cutters in a uniform crossflow are presented and used in the model to predict temperatures under typical drilling conditions with fluid flow. The analysis compares favorably with measurements of frictional temperatures in controlled cutting tests on Tennessee marble. It is found that average temperatures at the wearflat contact zone vary directly with frictional force per unit area and are proportional to the one-half power of the cutting speed at the velocities investigated. Temperatures are found to be much more sensitive to decreases in the dynamic friction by lubrication than to increases in convective cooling rates beyond currently achievable levels with water or drilling fluids. It is shown that use of weighted drilling fluids may actually decrease cooling rates compared to those achieved with pure water. It is doubtful that tool temperatures can be kept below critical levels (750/sup 0/C) if air is employed as the drilling fluid. The degree of tool wear is found to have a major influence on the thermal response of the friction contact zone, so that for equal heating per contact area, a worn tool will run much hotter than a sharp tool. It is concluded that tool temperatures may be kept below critical levels with conventional water or mud cooling as long as the fluid provides good cutter-rock lubrication.

Ortega, A.; Glowka, D.A.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

What`s new in building energy research: Thermal distribution technology. DOE looks at cutting energy losses in a building`s heating and cooling distribution system  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy takes a look at cutting energy losses in a building`s heating and cooling distribution system.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Hydrogen Production  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This 2-page fact sheet provides a brief introduction to hydrogen production technologies. Intended for a non-technical audience, it explains how different resources and processes can be used to produ

411

QCD Corrections to Vector Boson Pair Production via Weak Boson Fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NLO-QCD corrections to vector boson pair production via weak boson fusion have recently been calculated and implemented into flexible parton-level Monte-Carlo programs. These allow for the computation of cross sections and kinematical distributions within realistic experimental cuts. We summarize the basic elements of the calculation and review phenomenological results for the LHC.

B. Jager; C. Oleari; D. Zeppenfeld

2006-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

412

Product development of a device for manufacturing medical equipment for use in low-resource settings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to describe the product design of a device that can be used to create medical supplies on-site in clinics in low-resource settings. The machine uses purely mechanical elements to cut and fold ...

Schlecht, Lisa (Lisa Anne)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Min-cuts and Shortest Cycles in Planar Graphs in O(n log log n) Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a deterministic O(n log log n) time algorithm for finding shortest cycles and minimum cuts in planar graphs. The algorithm improves the previously known fastest algorithm by Italiano et al. in STOC'11 by a factor of log n. This speedup is obtained through the use of dense distance graphs combined with a divide-and-conquer approach.

\\L\\kacki, Jakub

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

PNNL Lab Homes Ribbon Cutting Ceremony Tuesday, November 15, 2011 10:00 am 12:00 pm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PNNL Lab Homes Ribbon Cutting Ceremony Tuesday, November 15, 2011 · 10:00 am ­ 12:00 pm 6th Street and Q Avenue, PNNL Campus · Richland, Washington Sponsors DOE/BT/Building America · DOE/BT/Windows and Envelope R&D DOE/Office of Electricity · Bonneville Power Administration PNNL Facilities · City of Richland

415

Large-Scale cost-based abduction in full-fledged first-order predicate logic with cutting plane inference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abduction is inference to the best explanation. Abduction has long been studied intensively in a wide range of contexts, from artificial intelligence research to cognitive science. While recent advances in large-scale knowledge acquisition warrant applying ... Keywords: abduction, cost-based abduction, cutting plane inference, integer linear programming

Naoya Inoue; Kentaro Inui

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Gasification advanced research and technology development (AR and TD) cross-cut meeting and review. [US DOE supported  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy gasification advanced research and technology development (AR and TD) cross-cut meeting and review was held June 24 to 26, 1981, at Germantown, Maryland. Forty-eight papers from the proceedings have been entered individually into EDB and ERA. (LTN)

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Separation of Si/SiC wiresaw cutting powder through sedimentation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heat Treatment of Black Dross for the Production of a Value Added Material ... Leaching Studies for Metals Recovery from Waste Printed Wiring Boards (PWBs).

418

Value-Added Products from FGD Sulfite-Rich Scrubber Materials  

SciTech Connect

According to the American Coal Ash Association, about 29.25 million tons of flue gas desulfurization (FGD) byproducts were produced in the USA in 2003. Out of 29.25 million tons, 17.35 million tons were sulfite-rich scrubber materials. At present, unlike its cousin FGD gypsum, the prospect for effective utilization of sulfite-rich scrubber materials is not bright. In fact, almost 16.9 million tons are leftover every year. In our pursuit to mitigate the liability of sulfite-rich FGD scrubber materials' disposal, we are attempting to develop value-added products that can commercially compete. More specifically, for this Innovative Concept Phase I project, we have the following objectives: to characterize the sulfite-rich scrubber material for toxic metals; to optimize the co-blending and processing of scrubber material and natural byproducts; to formulate and develop structural composites from sulfite-rich scrubber material; and to evaluate the composites' mechanical properties and compare them with current products on the market. After successfully demonstrating the viability of our research, a more comprehensive approach will be proposed to take these value-added materials to fruition.

Vivak Malhotra

2010-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

419

Technical Cross-Cutting Issues for the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative's Spent Fuel Nondestructive Assay Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ever since there has been spent fuel (SF), researchers have made nondestructive assay (NDA) measurements of that fuel to learn about its content. In general these measurements have focused on the simplest signatures (passive photon and total neutron emission) and the analysis has often focused on diversion detection and on determining properties such as burnup (BU) and cooling time (CT). Because of shortcomings in current analysis methods, inspectorates and policy makers are interested in improving the state-of-the-art in SF NDA. For this reason the U.S. Department of Energy, through the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI), targeted the determination of elemental Pu mass in SF as a technical goal. As part of this research effort, 14 nondestructive assay techniques were studied . This wide range of techniques was selected to allow flexibility for the various needs of the safeguards inspectorates and to prepare for the likely integration of one or more techniques having complementary features. In the course of researching this broad range of NDA techniques, several cross-cutting issues were. This paper will describe some common issues and insights. In particular we will describe the following: (1) the role of neutron absorbers with emphasis on how these absorbers vary in SF as a function of initial enrichment, BU and CT; (2) the need to partition the measured signal among different isotopic sources; and (3) the importance of the “first generation” concept which indicates the spatial location from which the signal originates as well as the isotopic origins.

Tobin, S. J.; Menlove, H. O.; Swinhoe, Martyn T.; Blanc, P.; Burr, T.; Evans, L. G.; Favalli, A.; Fensin, M. L.; Freeman, C. R.; Galloway, J.; Gerhart, J.; Rajasingam, A.; Rauch, E.; Sandoval, N. P.; Trellue, H.; Ulrich, T. J.; Conlin, J. L.; Croft, S.; Hendricks, John; Henzl, V.; Henzlova, D.; Eigenbrodt, J. M.; Koehler, W. E.; Lee, D. W.; Lee, T. H.; Lafleur, A. M.; Schear, M. A.; Humphrey, M. A.; Smith, Leon E.; Anderson, Kevin K.; Campbell, Luke W.; Casella, Andrew M.; Gesh, Christopher J.; Shaver, Mark W.; Misner, Alex C.; Amber, S. D.; Ludewigt, Bernhard A.; Quiter, B.; Solodov, Alexander; Charlton, W.; Stafford, A.; Romano, C.; Cheatham, J.; Ehinger, Michael; Thompson, S. J.; Chichester, David; Sterbentz, James; Hu, Jianwei; Hunt, A.; Mozin, Vladimir V.; Richard, J. G.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Proceedings of the Efficient Separations and Processing Cross-Cutting Program Annual Technical Exchange Meeting  

SciTech Connect

This document contains summaries of technology development presented at the 1995 Efficient Separations and Processing Cross-Cutting Program (ESP) Annual Technical Exchange Meeting. The ESP is sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Environmental Management (EM), Office of Technology Development. The meeting is held annually to promote a free exchange of ideas among technology developers, potential users (for example, EM focus areas), and other interested parties within EM. During this meeting, developers of ESP-funded technologies describe the problems and needs addressed by their technologies; the technical approach, accomplishments, and resolution of issues; the strategy and schedule for commercialization; and evolving potential applications. Presenters are asked to address the following areas: Target waste management problem, waste stream, or data need; scientific background and technical approach; technical accomplishments and resolution of technical issues; schedule and strategy for commercializing and implementing the technology or acquiring needed data; potential alternate applications of the technology or data, including outside of DOE/EM. The meeting is not a program review of the individual tasks or subtasks; but instead focuses on the technical aspects and implementation of ESP-sponsored technology or data. The meeting is also attended by members of the ESP Technical Review Team, who have the opportunity at that time to review the ESP as a whole.

NONE

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A Stator-Voltage Decoupling Control Strategy for No-Load Cutting-in Process of DFIG-based Wind Power Turbines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of no-load cutting-in process is manly up to the stator-voltage control strategy for doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind turbines. Compared with conventional steady mathematic model based one, a dynamic mathematic model based ... Keywords: dynamic model, no-load cutting-in process decoupling stator-voltage control, DFIG-based wind turbine

Shuying Yang, Long Zhan, Xing Zhang

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

E-Commerce In Production: Some Experiences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we will report on a number of e-commerce projects at production companies in The Netherlands. We will show that there is not one unique model for the introduction of e-commerce in production companies. Companies can start to use e-commerce at different ends of the organization, with different objectives and with different (positive) outcomes, depending on the market situation and the state of ICT awareness within the company. Objectives might range from cutting costs on purchase procedures to increasing customer intimacy. ICT awareness can range from having one PC for a department and no Internet connection to a completely functioning Intranet and Internet connection for each employee.

Frank Dignum

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Hydrogen production  

SciTech Connect

The production of hydrogen by reacting an ash containing material with water and at least one halogen selected from the group consisting of chlorine, bromine and iodine to form reaction products including carbon dioxide and a corresponding hydrogen halide is claimed. The hydrogen halide is decomposed to separately release the hydrogen and the halogen. The halogen is recovered for reaction with additional carbonaceous materials and water, and the hydrogen is recovered as a salable product. In a preferred embodiment the carbonaceous material, water and halogen are reacted at an elevated temperature. In accordance with another embodiment, a continuous method for the production of hydrogen is provided wherein the carbonaceous material, water and at least one selected halogen are reacted in one zone, and the hydrogen halide produced from the reaction is decomposed in a second zone, preferably by electrolytic decomposition, to release the hydrogen for recovery and the halogen for recycle to the first zone. There also is provided a method for recovering any halogen which reacts with or is retained in the ash constituents of the carbonaceous material.

Darnell, A.J.; Parkins, W.E.

1978-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

424

Product Forms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1 Wrought alloy products and tempers...or cold-finished Rivets Forgings and forging stock Foil Fin stock Drawn Extruded Rod Bar Wire 1050 . . . . . . . . . H112 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1060 O, H12, H14, H16, H18 O, H12, H14, H112 O, H12, H14, H18, H113 O, H112 . . . .

425

Isolating Wt production at the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address the issue of single top production in association with a W boson at the Large Hadron Collider, in particular how to obtain an accurate description in the face of the top pair production background given that the two processes interfere with each other. We stress the advantages of an MC@NLO description, and find that for cuts used to isolate the signal, it makes sense to consider Wt as a well-defined production process in that the interference with top pair production is small, and the cross-section of the former is above the scale variation uncertainty associated with the latter. We also consider the case where both Wt and top pair production are backgrounds to a third process (Higgs boson production followed by decay to a W boson pair), and find in this context that interference issues can also be neglected. We discuss the generalization of our results to other situations, aided by a comparison between the MC@NLO approach and a calculation of the WWbb final state matched to a parton shower.

Chris D. White; Stefano Frixione; Eric Laenen; Fabio Maltoni

2009-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

426

Value-Added Products From FGD Sulfite-Rich Scrubber Materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Massive quantities of sulfite-rich flue gas desulfurization (FGD) scrubber materials are produced every year in the USA. In fact, at present, the production of wet sulfite-rich scrubber cake outstrips the production of wet sulfate-rich scrubber cake by about 6 million tons per year. However, most of the utilization focus has centered on FGD gypsum. Therefore, we have recently initiated research on developing new strategies for the economical, but environmentally-sound, utilization of sulfite-rich scrubber material. In this exploratory project (Phase I), we attempted to ascertain whether it is feasible to develop reconstituted wood replacement products from sulfite-rich scrubber material. In pursuit of this goal, we characterized two different wet sulfite-rich scrubber materials, obtained from two power plants burning Midwestern coal, for their suitability for the development of value-added products. The overall strategy adopted was to fabricate composites where the largest ingredient was scrubber material with additional crop materials as additives. Our results suggested that it may be feasible to develop composites with flexural strength as high as 40 MPa (5800 psi) without the addition of external polymers. We also attempted to develop load-bearing composites from scrubber material, natural fibers, and phenolic polymer. The polymer-to-solid ratio was limited to {le} 0.4. The formulated composites showed flexural strengths as high as 73 MPa (10,585 psi). We plan to harness the research outcomes from Phase I to develop parameters required to upscale our value-added products in Phase II.

Vivak M. Malhotra

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

427

Production Practice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Figure 1 shows the sequence of shapes in the production of a hollow handle for a table knife formed and coined in a 410 kg (900 lb) pneumatic drop hammer. The work metal was 0.81 mm (0.032 in.) thick copper alloy C75700 (nickel silver, 65â??12) annealed to a hardness of 35 to 45 HRB; blank size was 25 by...

428

Biofuel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Copyright © 2011 Hiroshi Sakuragi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Large amounts of fossil fuels are consumed every day in spite of increasing environmental problems. To preserve the environment and construct a sustainable society, the use of biofuels derived from different kinds of biomass is being practiced worldwide. Although bioethanol has been largely produced, it commonly requires food crops such as corn and sugar cane as substrates. To develop a sustainable energy supply, cellulosic biomass should be used for bioethanol production instead of grain biomass. For this purpose, cell surface engineering technology is a very promising method. In biobutanol and biodiesel production, engineered host fermentation has attracted much attention; however, this method has many limitations such as low productivity and low solvent tolerance of microorganisms. Despite these problems, biofuels such as bioethanol, biobutanol, and biodiesel are potential energy sources that can help establish a sustainable society. 1.

Hiroshi Sakuragi; Kouichi Kuroda; Mitsuyoshi Ueda

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Chapter 9, Metering Cross-Cutting Protocols: The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Metering Cross- 9: Metering Cross- Cutting Protocols Dan Mort, ADM Associates, Inc. Subcontract Report NREL/SR-7A30-53827 April 2013 The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures 9 - 1 Chapter 9 - Table of Contents 1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................ 3 2 Metering Application and Considerations ............................................................................. 4 2.1 Identifying Scope ............................................................................................................. 4 2.2 Ensuring Precision and Verification ................................................................................ 4

430

Restored Drill Cuttings for Wetlands Creation: Results of Mesocosm Approach to Emulate Field Conditions Under Varying Salinity and Hydrologic Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Both interstitial water and plant tissue associated with the DC-A substrate exhibited low metal concentrations. Also in agreement with the previous study, plant performance in the DC-A substrate was found to be comparable to plant performance in the dredge spoil and topsoil substrates. This was extremely important because it indicated that the drill cuttings themselves served as an excellent substrate for wetland plant growth, but that the processing and stabilization techniques and drilling fluid formulations required further refinement.

Hester, Mark W.; Shaffer, Gary P.; Willis, Jonathan M.; DesRoches, Dennis J.

2002-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

431

Single Top Production in the Wt mode with MC@NLO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider whether Wt production can be considered as a distinct production process at the LHC, separate from top pair production with which it interferes. We argue that this problem can be meaningfully addressed in an MC@NLO calculation, and give two definitions of the Wt mode whose difference measures the degree of interference between Wt and top pair production. These are then implemented in the MC@NLO software framework, and results given which demonstrate that it is indeed legitimate to isolate the Wt process, subject to adequate cuts.

Chris D. White

2009-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

432

Synthetic fuels: production and products  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A brief primer on synthetic fuels is given. The paper includes brief descriptions of generic conversion technologies that can be used to convert various raw materials such as coal, oil shale, tar sands, peat, and biomass into synthetic fuels similar in character to petroleum-derived fuels currently in commerce. References for additional information on synthetic fuel processes and products are also given in the paper.

Singh, S.P.N.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Synthetic fuels: production and products  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A brief review on synthetic fuels is given. The paper includes brief descriptions of generic conversion technologies that can be used to convert various raw materials such as coal, oil shale, tar sands, peat and biomass into synthetic fuels similar in character to petroleum-derived fuels currently in commerce. Because the subject is vast and the space is limited, references for additional information on synthetic fuel processes and products are also given in the paper. 24 references.

Singh, S.P.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Emission Cuts Realities – Electricity Generation Cost and CO2 emissions projections for different electricity generation options for Australia to 2050 By  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Five options for cutting CO2 emissions from electricity generation in Australia are compared with a „Business as Usual ? option over the period 2010 to 2050. The six options comprise combinations of coal, gas, nuclear, wind and solar thermal technologies. The conclusions: The nuclear option reduces CO2 emissions the most, is the only option that can be built quickly enough to make the deep emissions cuts required, and is the least cost of the options that can cut emissions sustainably. Solar thermal and wind power are the highest cost of the options considered. The cost of avoiding emissions is lowest with nuclear and highest with solar and wind power.

Peter Lang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Microbial and objective quality of whole muscle beef cuts packaged in film containing chlorine dioxide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The microbial and objective quality of top round steak treated with two deferent prototype chlorine dioxide containing films were evaluated deleing 14 days of refrigerated storage. The films were designed to deliver different dose rates of chlorine dioxide when in contact with tissue. A high dose rate film in combination with dip treatments resulted in a 1.0 log?? reduction of total hemophilic aerobes, total coliforms, and total lactic acid bacteria. However, this same film caused undesirable characteristics including the rapid loss of the red color associated with fresh beef and the development of a green colored pigment. This color change corresponded to a decrease in Hunter a* values. Ascorbic acid treatments slightly inhibited the development of green color after 2 days of storage, but the protective effect was not evident after 6 days of storage and the color remained undesirable. Chlorine dioxide released from the high dose rate film penetrated immediately into the surface of the beef to a depth of 1mm into the surface of the beef after 6 days of storage, and did not penetrate more than 2mm deep after 14 days of storage. The concentration of myoglobin in extracts of the treated samples decreased sharply after 2 days storage, suggesting oxidative degradation and possibly the formation of a compound similar to the green pigment cholemyoglobin. The TBA values of beef treated with the high dose rate film increased during storage but remained blow 1.0. A low chlorine dioxide dose rate film did not produce any microbiological or objective changes in the beef. The dose rate for the high dose rate film was 32ppm/h, as determined by neutron activation analysis. It decreased rapidly to 0ppm/h after 10 days storage and was not constant during the test period. Based on the unacceptable attributes produced by the high dose rate film, it may be better suited for low fat cuts of pork, ash, or chicken that are less susceptible to color changes and quality losses associated with undesirable oxidative changes.

Knight, Timothy David

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Secretary Chu Celebrates Expansion of Lithium-Ion Battery Production in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Celebrates Expansion of Lithium-Ion Battery Celebrates Expansion of Lithium-Ion Battery Production in North Carolina Secretary Chu Celebrates Expansion of Lithium-Ion Battery Production in North Carolina July 26, 2011 - 3:15pm Addthis Secretary Chu joins local officials and dignitaries for Celgard's ribbon-cutting. | Photo courtesy of Celgard Secretary Chu joins local officials and dignitaries for Celgard's ribbon-cutting. | Photo courtesy of Celgard Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Celgard received $49 million in Recovery Act funding to help expand its Charlotte operations and build a new lithium-ion battery separator facility in Concord. With the help of Recovery Act-funded expansions, Celgard expects to double its production capacity by 2012 and since January 2010, the company

437

Secretary Chu Celebrates Expansion of Lithium-Ion Battery Production in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Celebrates Expansion of Lithium-Ion Battery Celebrates Expansion of Lithium-Ion Battery Production in North Carolina Secretary Chu Celebrates Expansion of Lithium-Ion Battery Production in North Carolina July 26, 2011 - 3:15pm Addthis Secretary Chu joins local officials and dignitaries for Celgard's ribbon-cutting. | Photo courtesy of Celgard Secretary Chu joins local officials and dignitaries for Celgard's ribbon-cutting. | Photo courtesy of Celgard Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Celgard received $49 million in Recovery Act funding to help expand its Charlotte operations and build a new lithium-ion battery separator facility in Concord. With the help of Recovery Act-funded expansions, Celgard expects to double its production capacity by 2012 and since January 2010, the company

438

Sugar Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sugar Production Sugar Production Name: Lauren Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: This is the experiment I did: our class took 6 sugars, placed them in test tubes and put three drops of yeast in each test tube. we then placed them in the incubator for one day and the next day looked at our results. the purpose was to find out with sugar would produce the most carbon dioxide. two of the sugars that we tested were LACTOSE and STARCH. my question is, why are lactose and starch the only sugars who didn't produce any, or very very little, carbon dioxide? and how is this process related to glycolysis? Replies: Bacteria and yeast are very efficient with their enzyme systems. They don't make enzymes they can't use. Yeast don't have the enzymes necessary to metabolize lactose. Starch is a complex sugar and yeast needs certain enzymes to break starch down into sugar. Every chemical reaction needs its own enzyme.

439

Modification of the EIC hydrogen sulfide abatement process to produce valuable by-products. Final report, May 4, 1981-May 4, 1982  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A program of analytical and experimental studies has been carried out to develop modifications of the CUPROSUL process for the desulfurization of geothermal steam. The objective of the program was to devise practical means to manipulate the chemistry of the process so that the consumption of raw materials could be controlled and a variety of valuable by-products could be produced. The process had been demonstrated, at one-tenth commercial scale, for steam of the Geysers' average composition in a configuration which resulted in essentially complete oxidation of sulfide to sulfate. The ability to control the extent of oxidation would increase process flexibility and extend its range of applicability to steams of widely varying composition. Preliminary market surveys of raw materials required for the process and by-products which could be produced indicated that controlling the oxidation of sulfides to produce elemental sulfur would probably be the preferred process option. Use of lime to treat sulfate-containing purge streams to produce by-product gypsum and ammonia for recycle or sale could also be justified for certain steam compositions. Recovery of ammonium sulfate alone from the purge stream would not normally be justified unless corecovery of other valuable by-products, such as boric acid, was possible at incremental cost. It was found that ferric sulfate was a highly effective, selective oxidant for the controlled oxidation of copper sulfide solids to produce elemental sulfur for sale and copper sulfate for recycle.

Offenhartz, P. O'D.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Production Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Welcome Welcome The Production Services site contains links to each of the division's groups with descriptions of their services. Our goal is to update this website frequently to reflect ongoing service upgrades which, by planning and design, are added so that we can continue to meet your needs in a constantly changing work environment. Note: The Graphic Design Studio has been relocated to the second floor in the north wing of the Research Support Building 400. The telephone number remains the same, X7288. If you have any questions, please call supervisor, Rick Backofen, X6183. Photography Photography services are available at no charge to BNL and Guest users. See a list of the complete range of photography services available. Video Video services are available at no charge to BNL and Guest users. See a list of the complete range of video services available.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

3D automatic anatomy segmentation based on iterative graph-cut-ASM  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: This paper studies the feasibility of developing an automatic anatomy segmentation (AAS) system in clinical radiology and demonstrates its operation on clinical 3D images. Methods: The AAS system, the authors are developing consists of two main parts: object recognition and object delineation. As for recognition, a hierarchical 3D scale-based multiobject method is used for the multiobject recognition task, which incorporates intensity weighted ball-scale (b-scale) information into the active shape model (ASM). For object delineation, an iterative graph-cut-ASM (IGCASM) algorithm is proposed, which effectively combines the rich statistical shape information embodied in ASM with the globally optimal delineation capability of the GC method. The presented IGCASM algorithm is a 3D generalization of the 2D GC-ASM method that they proposed previously in Chen et al.[Proc. SPIE, 7259, 72590C1-72590C-8 (2009)]. The proposed methods are tested on two datasets comprised of images obtained from 20 patients (10 male and 10 female) of clinical abdominal CT scans, and 11 foot magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. The test is for four organs (liver, left and right kidneys, and spleen) segmentation, five foot bones (calcaneus, tibia, cuboid, talus, and navicular). The recognition and delineation accuracies were evaluated separately. The recognition accuracy was evaluated in terms of translation, rotation, and scale (size) error. The delineation accuracy was evaluated in terms of true and false positive volume fractions (TPVF, FPVF). The efficiency of the delineation method was also evaluated on an Intel Pentium IV PC with a 3.4 GHZ CPU machine. Results: The recognition accuracies in terms of translation, rotation, and scale error over all organs are about 8 mm, 10 deg. and 0.03, and over all foot bones are about 3.5709 mm, 0.35 deg. and 0.025, respectively. The accuracy of delineation over all organs for all subjects as expressed in TPVF and FPVF is 93.01% and 0.22%, and all foot bones for all subjects are 93.75% and 0.28%, respectively. While the delineations for the four organs can be accomplished quite rapidly with average of 78 s, the delineations for the five foot bones can be accomplished with average of 70 s. Conclusions: The experimental results showed the feasibility and efficacy of the proposed automatic anatomy segmentation system: (a) the incorporation of shape priors into the GC framework is feasible in 3D as demonstrated previously for 2D images; (b) our results in 3D confirm the accuracy behavior observed in 2D. The hybrid strategy IGCASM seems to be more robust and accurate than ASM and GC individually; and (c) delineations within body regions and foot bones of clinical importance can be accomplished quite rapidly within 1.5 min.

Chen, Xinjian; Bagci, Ulas [Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Building 10 Room 1C515, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-1182 and Life Sciences Research Center, School of Life Sciences and Technology, Xidian University, Xi'an 710071 (China); Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Building 10 Room 1C515, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-1182 (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

442

CHARACTERIZATION OF COAL COMBUSTION BY-PRODUCTS FOR THE RE-EVOLUTION OF MERCURY INTO ECOSYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect

There is concern that mercury (Hg) in coal combustion by-products might be emitted into the environment during processing to other products or after the disposal/landfill of these by-products. This perception may limit the opportunities to use coal combustion by-products in recycle/reuse applications and may result in additional, costly disposal regulations. In this program, CONSOL conducted a comprehensive sampling and analytical program to include ash, flue gas desulfurization (FGD) sludge, and coal combustion by-products. This work is necessary to help identify potential problems and solutions important to energy production from fossil fuels. The program objective was to evaluate the potential for mercury emissions by leaching or volatilization, to determine if mercury enters the water surrounding an active FGD disposal site and an active fly ash slurry impoundment site, and to provide data that will allow a scientific assessment of the issue. Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) test results showed that mercury did not leach from coal, bottom ash, fly ash, spray dryer/fabric filter ash or forced oxidation gypsum (FOG) in amounts leading to concentrations greater than the detection limit of the TCLP method (1.0 ng/mL). Mercury was detected at very low concentrations in acidic leachates from all of the fixated and more than half of the unfixated FGD sludge samples, and one of the synthetic aggregate samples. Mercury was not detected in leachates from any sample when deionized water (DI water) was the leaching solution. Mercury did not leach from electrostatic precipitator (ESP) fly ash samples collected during activated carbon injection for mercury control in amounts greater than the detection limit of the TCLP method (1.0 ng/mL). Volatilization tests could not detect mercury loss from fly ash, spray dryer/fabric filter ash, unfixated FGD sludge, or forced oxidation gypsum; the mercury concentration of these samples all increased, possibly due to absorption from ambient surroundings. Mercury loss of 18-26% was detected after 3 and 6 months at 100 F and 140 F from samples of the fixated FGD sludge. Water samples were collected from existing ground water monitoring wells around an active FGD disposal site (8 wells) and an active fly ash slurry impoundment (14 wells). These were wells that the plants have installed to comply with ground water monitoring requirements of their permits. Mercury was not detected in any of the water samples collected from monitoring wells at either site. A literature review concluded that coal combustion byproducts can be disposed of in properly designed landfills that minimize the potentially negative impacts of water intrusion that carries dissolved organic matter (DOM). Dissolved organic matter and sulfate-reducing bacteria can promote the transformation of elemental or oxidized mercury into methyl mercury. The landfill should be properly designed and capped with clays or similar materials to minimize the wet-dry cycles that promote the release of methylmercury.

J.A. Withum; J.E. Locke; S.C. Tseng

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Cross-Cutting Studies and State-of-the-Practice Reviews: Archive and use of ITS-Generated Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

20 20 Cross-Cutting Studies and State-of-the-Practice Reviews: Archive and Use of ITS-Generated Data April 30, 2002 Prepared for Federal Highway Administration Federal Transit Administration U.S. Department of Transportation Prepared by P. Hu B. Boundy Tykey Truett Edmond Chang Steve Gordon Center for Transportation Analysis Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6073 Managed by UT-Battelle LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC05-00OR22725 -iii- TABLE OF CONTENTS FIGURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v TABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii ACRONYMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix ACKNOWLEDGMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

444

Institute a modest carbon tax to reduce carbon emissions, finance clean energy technology development, cut taxes, and reduce the deficit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nation should institute a modest carbon tax in order to help clean up the economy and stabilize the nation’s finances. Specifically, Congress and the president should implement a $20 per ton, steadily increasing carbon excise fee that would discourage carbon dioxide emissions while shifting taxation onto pollution, financing energy efficiency (EE) and clean technology development, and providing opportunities to cut taxes or reduce the deficit. The net effect of these policies would be to curb harmful carbon emissions, improve the nation’s balance sheet, and stimulate job-creation and economic renewal.

Muro, Mark; Rothwell, Jonathan

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

445

Solids production and control in petroleum recovery  

SciTech Connect

Reservoir solids may be produced during exploitation of petroleum reservoirs. Solids management practices depend on the nature of the reservoir and the produced fluids. For conventional oil and gas reservoirs, operators normally have focused on prevention or control of solids influx into production wells. In Canada, exploitation of heavy oil reservoirs has been found to be more effective when solids are produced. Solids production from conventional oil and gas reservoirs can have detrimental effects on well productivity and equipment. Therefore, the practice has been to attempt to prevent or control solids influx into the wells by using screens, gravel packs, or other means to restrict solids flow. If, when, where, and how to install solids control systems are governed by both cost and risk factors. From a solids management point of view, production of heavy oil from unconsolidated formations poses different challenges than conventional oil and gas production. Production of large quantities of solids is critical for maintaining the productivity of wells in heavy oil reservoirs. This has necessitated the development of special pumping systems to transport fluids with high solids content. Many reservoirs are now being exploited by horizontal wells, which have long horizontal contact with the reservoir. Solids control methods for horizontal wells have been adapted from those used in vertical wells. Special techniques and equipment have been developed to remove deposited solids from horizontal wells. Specially designed equipment and techniques are required for the surface handling of high solids cut fluids. Separation, cleaning, and disposal of produced solids can be costly, especially if the solids must be oil-free to satisfy environmental regulations. 138 refs., 20 figs., 3 tabs.

Hawkins, B.F.; Adamache, I.; Leopold, G. [Petroleum Recovery Inst., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

446

Stone Tool Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the author. ) Stone Tool Production, Hikade, UEE 2010Short Citation: Hikade 2010, Stone Tool Production. UEE.Thomas, 2010, Stone Tool Production. In Willeke Wendrich (

Hikade, Thomas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

FCT Hydrogen Production: Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contacts to someone by E-mail Share FCT Hydrogen Production: Contacts on Facebook Tweet about FCT Hydrogen Production: Contacts on Twitter Bookmark FCT Hydrogen Production:...

448

Heavy flavor production and top quark search at hadron colliders  

SciTech Connect

We review heavy flavor production at hadron colliders, with an eye towards the physics of the top quark. Motivation for existence of top, and current status of top search are reviewed. The physics of event simulation at hadron colliders is reviewed. We discuss characteristics of top quark events at p{bar p} colliders that may aid in distinguishing the top quark signal from Standard Model backgrounds, and illustrate various cuts which may be useful for top discovery. Top physics at hadron supercolliders is commented upon, as well as top quark mass measurement techniques. 22 refs., 5 figs.

Baer, H.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Project Trinidad: explosive excavation of railroad cuts 2 and 3 by mounding and directed blasting. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect

The objectives, design, and results of two explosive excavation experiments performed as the final phase of Project Trinidad, a comprehensive series of tests to determine the cratering properties of interbedded sandstones and shales, are summarized. The experiments were performed in September 1971 by the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station Explosive Excavation Research Laboratory. These final experiments were designed to excavate through- cuts for relocation of the Colorado and Wyoming Railroad at the Trinidad Dam and Lake Project. The first of the two experiments tested a charge array designed to break up material within a 19,000-yd/sup 3/ cut to facilitate later removal of the material by mechanical means. The concept tested was mounding, a blasting technique in which charges are positioned with respect to the horizontal ground surface rather than a vertical bench face. The results from this experiment confirmed the applicability of empirical scaling methods to the design of an array of deeply buried charges. The second experiment was a directed blasting detonation that was designed to produce a 30.000-yd/sup 3/ throughcut by cratering. This experiment tested a charge array design that had been developed by a combination of empirical scaling and kinematical methods. (auth)

Lattery, J.E.

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Forest Products: Technology  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Technology Pathways Technology Pathways AF&PA estimates that the forest products industry will reduce its greenhouse gas emissions intensity by 12% by 2012 relative to 2000 numbers. One of the main ways AF&PA anticipates that the industry will reduce its greenhouse gas emissions intensity is through implementation of new technologies from research and development programs. AF&PA has been participating in DOE's Industries of the Future program, a collaborative research and development partnership between DOE and the forest products industry. Through this program, AF&PA has participated in the development of a number of technologies aimed at cutting energy use, minimizing environmental impacts, and improving productivity in industry. If fully commercialized, these technologies could make the U.S. forest

451

Petroleum - Exploration & Production - EIA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Exploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, prices, sales. Electricity. ... Oil Production Capacity Expansion Costs for the Persian Gulf.

452

New Limestone-Gypsum Flue Gas Desulfuization Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new wet FGD processes which SO2 was absorbed in the spray tower using granular limestone simultaneously adding acetic acid had been proposed. The main difference compared to conventional wet FGD process was to utilize granular limestone directly as ... Keywords: new wet FGD, bubbling reactor, granular limestone, acetic acid, SO2

Sheng-yu Liu; Bin Qu; Jin Gao; Jian-ying Liu; Zhi-xiang Ye; Cheng-hua Xu

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Monitoring System Used to Optimize Compressed Air System Efficiency, Cut Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1994, Thomson Consumer Electronics (RCA), an international manufacturer of electronics equipment purchased a UtillTRACK® Monitoring System for a plant in Indianapolis, Indiana. The system monitored gas and electric meters, substations, main feeders, and major equipment and systems including compressed air. For the compressed air system, monitored data included compressor amps, electrical demand and consumption, pressure and airflow. The resulting UtiliTRACK® reports and graphs showed a significant variation in system efficiency depending upon the demand for air (day of week, time of day, production schedule) and which compressor or compressors were operating. By working with the boiler plant operators and making minor modifications to the existing compressor controls, the operating sequence was modified to maintain high system efficiency under all operating conditions. Monitored data after the changes were made showed a 20% reduction in compressed air system operating costs.

Holmes, W. A.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Next-to-leading order QCD corrections to photon production via weak-boson fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a calculation of next-to-leading order QCD corrections to gamma jj production via weak-boson fusion at a hadron collider in the form of a flexible parton-level Monte Carlo program which allows us to study cross sections and distributions within experimentally relevant selection cuts. The radiative corrections are found to be moderate with residual scale uncertainties being considerably improved beyond tree level. The sensitivity of the reaction to anomalous W+ W- gamma couplings is investigated.

B. Jager

2010-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

455

Management of lignite fly ash for improving soil fertility and crop productivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lignite fly ash (LFA), being alkaline and endowed with excellent pozzolanic properties, a silt loam texture, and plant nutrients, has the potential to improve soil quality and productivity. Long-term field trials with groundnut, maize, and sun hemp were carried out to study the effect of LFA on growth and yield. Before crop I was sown, LFA was applied at various doses with and without press mud (an organic waste from the sugar industry, used as an amendment and source of nutrients). LFA with and without press mud was also applied before crops III and V were cultivated. Chemical fertilizer, along with gypsum, humic acid, and bioferfertilizer, was applied in all treatments, including the control. With one-time and repeat applications of LFA (with and without press mud), yield increased significantly (7.0-89.0%) in relation to the control crop. The press mud enhanced the yield (3.0-15.0%) with different LFA applications. One-time and repeat application of LFA (alone and in combination with press mud) improved soil quality and the nutrient content of the produce. The highest dose of LFA (200 t/ha) with and without press mud showed the best residual effects (eco-friendly increases in the yield of succeeding crops). Some increase in trace- and heavy metal contents and in the level of gamma-emitters in soil and crop produce, but well within permissible limits, was observed. Thus, LFA can be used on a large scale to boost soil fertility and productivity with no adverse effects on the soil or crops, which may solve the problem of bulk disposal of fly ash in an eco-friendly manner.

Ram, L.C.; Srivastava, N.K.; Jha, S.K.; Sinha, A.K.; Masto, R.E.; Selvi, V.A. [Central Fuel Research Institute, Dhanbad (India)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

456

NREL's Energy-Saving Technology for Air Conditioning Cuts Peak Power Loads Without Using Harmful Refrigerants (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes how the DEVAP air conditioner was invented, explains how the technology works, and why it won an R&D 100 Award. Desiccant-enhanced evaporative (DEVAP) air-conditioning will provide superior comfort for commercial buildings in any climate at a small fraction of the electricity costs of conventional air-conditioning equipment, releasing far less carbon dioxide and cutting costly peak electrical demand by an estimated 80%. Air conditioning currently consumes about 15% of the electricity generated in the United States and is a major contributor to peak electrical demand on hot summer days, which can lead to escalating power costs, brownouts, and rolling blackouts. DEVAP employs an innovative combination of air-cooling technologies to reduce energy use by up to 81%. DEVAP also shifts most of the energy needs to thermal energy sources, reducing annual electricity use by up to 90%. In doing so, DEVAP is estimated to cut peak electrical demand by nearly 80% in all climates. Widespread use of this cooling cycle would dramatically cut peak electrical loads throughout the country, saving billions of dollars in investments and operating costs for our nation's electrical utilities. Water is already used as a refrigerant in evaporative coolers, a common and widely used energy-saving technology for arid regions. The technology cools incoming hot, dry air by evaporating water into it. The energy absorbed by the water as it evaporates, known as the latent heat of vaporization, cools the air while humidifying it. However, evaporative coolers only function when the air is dry, and they deliver humid air that can lower the comfort level for building occupants. And even many dry climates like Phoenix, Arizona, have a humid season when evaporative cooling won't work well. DEVAP extends the applicability of evaporative cooling by first using a liquid desiccant-a water-absorbing material-to dry the air. The dry air is then passed to an indirect evaporative cooling stage, in which the incoming air is in thermal contact with a moistened surface that evaporates the water into a separate air stream. As the evaporation cools the moistened surface, it draws heat from the incoming air without adding humidity to it. A number of cooling cycles have been developed that employ indirect evaporative cooling, but DEVAP achieves a superior efficiency relative to its technological siblings.

Not Available

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Method for cutting steam heat losses during cyclic steam injection of wells. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Heavy Oil is abundant in California. It is a very viscous fluid, which must be thinned in order to flow from wells at economical rates. The best method of oil viscosity reduction is by cyclic steam injection into the oil-containing rock formations. Making steam in conventional generators fueled with Natural Gas is, however, a costly process. The main objective of this Project is to reduce the cost of the required steam, per Barrel of Oil produced. This is made possible by a combination of Patented new technologies with several known methods. The best known method for increasing the production rate from oil wells is to use horizontal drainholes, which provide a much greater flow area from the oil zone into the well. A recent statistic based on 344 horizontal wells in 21 Canadian Oil fields containing Heavy Oil shows that these are, on the average six times more prolific than vertical wells. The cost of horizontal wells, however, is generally two to three times that of a vertical well, in the same field, so our second goal is to reduce the net cost of horizontal wells by connecting two of them to the same vertical casing, well head and pumping system. With such a well configuration, it is possible to get two horizontal wells for the price of about one and a half times the price of a single vertical well.

Gondouin, M.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Microsoft Word - LM00-505 Assemble a schedule of audits, inspections, visits within cross-cutting areas.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Task Order LM00-505 Task Order LM00-505 Control Number 11-0642 June 30, 2011 U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management ATTN: Steven Schiesswohl Task Order Manager 11025 Dover Street, Suite 1000 Westminster, CO 80021-5573 SUBJECT: Contract No.: DE-AM01-07LM0060, S.M. Stoller Corporation (Stoller) Task Order LM00-505, Reuse and Property Management Transmittal of Rating Plan Deliverable: "Assemble a schedule of audits/inspections/ visits within cross-cutting areas using a consolidated approach for the number of trips and personnel required for these types of activities in order to be more cost effective (Examples: sustainability audits - water, energy, HPSB; security audits, FIMS site inspections, building condition assessments, etc.). Schedule to be provided by July 1, 2011."

459

NREL Recommends Ways to Cut Building Energy Costs in Half (Fact Sheet), The Spectrum of Clean Energy Innovation, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recommends Ways to Cut Recommends Ways to Cut Building Energy Costs in Half Building designers and operators could cut energy use by 50% in large office buildings, hospitals, schools, and a variety of stores- including groceries, general merchandise outlets, and retail outlets-by following the recommendations of researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The energy-saving recommendations are contained in technical support documents (TSDs) compiled by NREL with support from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), under the direc- tion of DOE's Building Technologies Program. The reports describe the assumptions, meth- odologies, and analyses used to achieve higher energy performance. Since 2008, NREL has published eight TSDs, all of which describe a pathway to 50% net energy savings over baseline

460

Biological production of products from waste gases  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are designed for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, and carbon black, coke, ammonia, and methanol production, into useful products. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various products, such as organic acids, alcohols, hydrogen, single cell protein, and salts of organic acids by anaerobic bacteria within the bioreactor. These valuable end products are then recovered, separated and purified.

Gaddy, James L. (Fayetteville, AR)

2002-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gypsum products cut" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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461

THERMAL SIGNATURES OF TETHER-CUTTING RECONNECTIONS IN PRE-ERUPTION CORONAL FLUX ROPES: HOT CENTRAL VOIDS IN CORONAL CAVITIES  

SciTech Connect

Using a three-dimensional MHD simulation, we model the quasi-static evolution and the onset of eruption of a coronal flux rope. The simulation begins with a twisted flux rope emerging at the lower boundary and pushing into a pre-existing coronal potential arcade field. At a chosen time the emergence is stopped with the lower boundary taken to be rigid. Then the coronal flux rope settles into a quasi-static rise phase during which an underlying, central sigmoid-shaped current layer forms along the so-called hyperbolic flux tube (HFT), a generalization of the X-line configuration. Reconnections in the dissipating current layer effectively add twisted flux to the flux rope and thus allow it to rise quasi-statically, even though the magnetic energy is decreasing as the system relaxes. We examine the thermal features produced by the current layer formation and the associated 'tether-cutting' reconnections as a result of heating and field aligned thermal conduction. It is found that a central hot, low-density channel containing reconnected, twisted flux threading under the flux rope axis forms on top of the central current layer. When viewed in the line of sight roughly aligned with the hot channel (which is roughly along the neutral line), the central current layer appears as a high-density vertical column with upward extensions as a {sup U-}shaped dense shell enclosing a central hot, low-density void. Such thermal features have been observed within coronal prominence cavities. Our MHD simulation suggests that they are the signatures of the development of the HFT topology and the associated tether-cutting reconnections, and that the central void grows and rises with the reconnections, until the flux rope reaches the critical height for the onset of the torus instability and dynamic eruption ensues.

Fan, Y. [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 3080 Center Green Drive, Boulder, CO 80301 (United States)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

462

Covered Product Category: Cool Roof Products  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including cool roof products, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

463

Comment on 'Exact three-dimensional wave function and the on-shell t matrix for the sharply cut-off Coulomb potential: Failure of the standard renormalization factor'  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solutions analytically derived by W. Gloeckle, J. Golak, R. Skibinski, and H. Witala [Phys. Rev. C 79, 044003 (2009)] for the three-dimensional wave function and on-shell t matrix in the case of scattering on a sharply cut-off Coulomb potential appear to be fallacious if finite values of a cut-off radius are concerned. And the analysis carried out for an infinite cut-off radius limit is incomplete.

Kouzakov, Konstantin A. [Department of Nuclear Physics and Quantum Theory of Collisions, Faculty of Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow RU-119991 (Russian Federation); Popov, Yuri V. [Nuclear Physics Institute, Moscow State University, Moscow RU-119991 (Russian Federation); Shablov, Vladimir L. [Obninsk State Technical University for Nuclear Power Engineering, Obninsk, Kaluga Region RU-249040 (Russian Federation)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

464

Fire Protection of Structural Steel in High-Rise Buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... for Structural Fire Safety Design and Retrofit of Structures ... products or gypsum with a light weight aggregate ... in both cost and time savings in design ...

2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

465

WEB RESOURCES: Magnesium Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 12, 2007 ... Mg Production(Australia).pdf 49.21 KB MgProduction_Australia.mht 81.47 KB Mg Production(Brazil Israel Congo Malaysia).pdf 50.48 KB

466

MODIS Land Products Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ORNL DAAC MODIS Land Product Subsets MODIS Collection 5 Global Subsetting and Visualization Tool Create subset for user selected site, area, product, and time period. Data for...

467

Production Project Accounts  

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Production Project Accounts Production Project Accounts Overview Most NERSC login accounts are associated with specific individuals and must not be shared. Sometimes it is...

468

from Isotope Production Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cancer-fighting treatment gets boost from Isotope Production Facility April 13, 2012 Isotope Production Facility produces cancer-fighting actinium - 2 - 2:32 Isotope cancer...