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Sample records for guinea philippines samoa

  1. Geothermal energy for American Samoa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-03-01

    The geothermal commercialization potential in American Samoa was investigated. With geothermal energy harnessed in American Samoa, a myriad of possibilities would arise. Existing residential and business consumers would benefit from reduced electricity costs. The tuna canneries, demanding about 76% of the island's process heat requirements, may be able to use process heat from a geothermal source. Potential new industries include health spas, aquaculture, wood products, large domestic and transhipment refrigerated warehouses, electric cars, ocean nodule processing, and a hydrogen economy. There are no territorial statutory laws of American Samoa claiming or reserving any special rights (including mineral rights) to the territorial government, or other interests adverse to a land owner, for subsurface content of real property. Technically, an investigation has revealed that American Samoa does possess a geological environment conducive to geothermal energy development. Further studies and test holes are warranted.

  2. The Philippines - Another Vietnam?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schirmer, Daniel Boone

    1973-01-01

    THE PHILIPPINES - ANOTHER VIETNAM? an address given at TheSundays at 10:30 A M THE PHILIPPINES — ANOTHER VIETNAM? I ta n d call home the troops from the Philippine Islands.

  3. New Ambassador to the Philippines?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schirmer, Daniel Boone

    1973-01-01

    NEW AMBASSADOR TO THE PHILIPPINES? by Dr. Daniel B. Schirmersignifi- cance, in the Philippines they are represen- ted bySullivan’s behaving in the Philippines as he did in Laos and

  4. Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia exposed on Obi Island, eastern Indonesia. Until the late Neogene, Obi formed part of the southern tectonic history of eastern Indonesia and northern New Guinea has been dominated by the punctuated

  5. American Samoa Initial Technical Assessment Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busche, S.; Conrad, M.; Funk, K.; Kandt, A.; McNutt, P.

    2011-09-01

    This document is an initial energy assessment for American Samoa, the first of many steps in developing a comprehensive energy strategy. On March 1, 2010, Assistant Secretary of the Interior Tony Babauta invited governors and their staff from the Interior Insular Areas to meet with senior principals at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Meeting discussions focused on ways to improve energy efficiency and increase the deployment of renewable energy technologies in the U.S. Pacific Territories. In attendance were Governors Felix Camacho (Guam), Benigno Fitial (Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands), and Togiola Tulafono, (American Samoa). This meeting brought together major stakeholders to learn and understand the importance of developing a comprehensive strategic plan for implementing energy efficiency measures and renewable energy technologies. For several decades, dependence on fossil fuels and the burden of high oil prices have been a major concern but never more at the forefront as today. With unstable oil prices, the volatility of fuel supply and the economic instability in American Samoa, energy issues are a high priority. In short, energy security is critical to American Samoa's future economic development and sustainability. Under an interagency agreement, funded by the Department of Interior's Office of Insular Affairs, NREL was tasked to deliver technical assistance to the islands of American Samoa. Technical assistance included conducting an initial technical assessment to define energy consumption and production data, establish an energy consumption baseline, and assist with the development of a strategic plan. The assessment and strategic plan will be used to assist with the transition to a cleaner energy economy. NREL provided an interdisciplinary team to cover each relevant technical area for the initial energy assessments. Experts in the following disciplines traveled to American Samoa for on-island site assessments: (1) Energy Efficiency and Building Technologies; (2) Integrated Wind-Diesel Generation; (3) Transmission and Distribution; (4) Solar Technologies; and (5) Biomass and Waste-to-Energy. In addition to these core disciplines, team capabilities also included expertise in program analysis, project financing, energy policy and energy planning. The intent of the technical assessment was to provide American Samoa with a baseline energy assessment. From the baseline, various scenarios and approaches for deploying cost effective energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies could be created to meet American Samoa's objectives. The information provided in this energy assessment will be used as input in the development of a draft strategic plan and the development of scenarios and strategies for deploying cost-effective energy efficiency and renewable products.

  6. Excerpt from Dead Stars: American and Philippine Literary Perspectives on the American Colonization of the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, Jennifer M.

    2011-01-01

    Dead Stars: American and Philippine Literary Perspectives onthe American Colonization of the Philippines (Quezon City:University of the Philippines Press, 2011). Published with

  7. Fine-tuning Philippine transactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vitale, R.

    1994-11-01

    Expanding the power generation and distribution capability of the Philippines remains a top priority of the Philippine government. It is therefore not surprising that a number of the most significant legislative initiatives approved by the Philippine legislature in the past few years have been designed to encourage these activities in particular. There are several recent, significant statutes that will affect both power and non-power projects undertaken in the Philippines.

  8. The Philippines and a War for Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schirmer, Daniel Boone

    1980-01-01

    For more information about U.S. bases in the Philippines andU.S.. Philippine relations, write: Friends of the FilipinoLiberties Union of Ihe Philippines, December. 3. New York

  9. Women in Contemporary Philippine Local Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tapales, Proserpina D. Ph.D.

    2005-01-01

    of the University of the Philippines Center for Women'sof the Univeristy of the Philippines' Open University (1995-in Bachelor of Arts in Philippine Studies and Master of

  10. American Samoa's Rebate Program Brings ENERGY STAR to Island

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Thanks to a grant through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, residents of American Samoa are able for the first time to purchase ENERGY STAR air conditioners – and for 30 percent off - through the Island's first appliance rebate program.

  11. Regional Climate Downscaling Intercomparison over the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Jian-Hua "Joshua"

    Regional Climate Downscaling Intercomparison over the Philippines J.H. Qian, A.W. Robertson, M: PAGASA, the Philippines #12;#12;#12;#12;Analysis of r a i n f a l l fluctuations in the Philippines 237 Figure 1 Climatological map (after "Philippines Water Resources", 1976). Vigan, Legaspi, Zamboanga

  12. Changing Constitutions: Judicial Review and Redemption in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gatmaytan-Mango, Dante

    2007-01-01

    13, 2006. 35. Embattled Philippine leader Arroyo Calls forRevise the Constitution? , PHILIPPINE DAILY Apr. 16, 2006,Charter Change a Must, PHILIPPINE DAILY INQUIRER, Oct. 20,

  13. The Hard Disk Drive Industry in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gwendolyn R. Tecson

    1999-01-01

    Supply Industry in the Philippine Electrical and Electronicsla Cruz (ed. ) Japan- Philippine…Institute of Legal Studies,Law, University of the Philippines. World Bank (1993) “The

  14. “A Brief History of Archival Advocacy for Philippine Cinema”

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Bliss Cua

    2013-01-01

    this publication, 2013 Philippine Cinema Heritage Summit: AADVOCACY FOR PHILIPPINE CINEMA 25. The fi nal page ofOverview of Philippine Cinema”, Filipino Film Review 1.4 (

  15. Archival Fragility: Philippine Cinema and the Challenge of Sustainable Preservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Bliss Cua

    2013-01-01

    distributed at the Philippine Cinema Heritage Summit, 25Contemporary Philippine Cinema. Manila: Anvil Publishing,Archival Fragility: Philippine Cinema and the Challenge of

  16. Archival Fragility: Philippine Cinema and the Challenge of Sustainable Preservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Bliss Cua

    2013-01-01

    2012) ?President of the Philippines. “Prescribing the RulesFilm Archive of the Philippines. ” Administrative ­Order No.Film Development Council of the Philippines Office, Makati,

  17. Diaspora as Historical/Political Trope in Philippine Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolentino, Roland B

    2006-01-01

    of Voice: Epics in the Philippines, ed. by Nicole Revel (Political Trope in Philippine Literature by Rolando B.University of the Philippines Film Institute Roland B.

  18. Transcultural Battlefield: Recent Japanese Translations of Philippine History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagano, Yoshiko

    2006-01-01

    Rekishi [A History of the Philippines]. Tokyo: Jiji Press.Nationalism-ron [Essays on Philippine Nationalism]. 2 vols.Minshu no Rekishi [The Philippines: A Past Revisited]. Vol.

  19. CIMPA-UNESCO Philippines School on Semidefinite Programming in Algebraic Combinatorics Non-Philippine Participants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Bill

    1 CIMPA-UNESCO Philippines School on Semidefinite Programming in Algebraic Combinatorics Non-Philippine Dépt de Math, Univ Djillali Liabes de Sidi Bel Abbes, Sidi Bel Abbes Etudiant #12;2 Philippine

  20. Renewable energy plan of action for American Samoa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shupe, J.W. . Pacific Site Office); Stevens, J.W. )

    1990-11-01

    American Samoa has no indigenous fossil fuels and is almost totally dependent for energy on seaborne petroleum. However, the seven Pacific Islands located at 14 degrees south latitude that constitute American Samoa have a wide variety of renewable resources with the potential for substituting for imported oil. Included as possible renewable energy conversion technologies are solar thermal, photovoltaics, wind, geothermal, ocean thermal, and waste-to-energy recovery. This report evaluates the potential of each of these renewable energy alternatives and establishes recommended priorities for their development in American Samoa. Rough cost estimates are also included. Although renewable energy planning is highly site specific, information in this report should find some general application to other tropical insular areas.

  1. The More Things Stay the Same the More They Change : : Measuring Changing Levels of Human Rights Using Computational Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fariss, Christopher J.

    ANGOLA EQUATORIAL GUINEA COMOROS BHUTAN ZIMBABWE MALDIVESINDONESIA FIJI SAMOA PAKISTAN COMOROS PAPUA NEW GUINEA OMAN

  2. Ambitious Philippine alternative energy plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-09-07

    The Philippines is to spend $5.4 billion over the next ten years for the development of alternative sources of energy. These would include the development of fuel woods and other biomass, and the commercialization of a coconut/diesel-oil fuel. It is hoped that the Philippines' dependence on imported oil will be reduced from about 80% today to around 50% by the end of the decade.

  3. A "Coming Out" Party in Congress?: LGBT Advocacy and Party-List Politics in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardozo, Bradley

    2014-01-01

    unions stir Baguio City. ” Philippine Daily Inquirer. JuneAng Ladlad Party. ” The Philippine Star. November 13, 2009.virus continues unabated in Philippines. ” Philippine Daily

  4. Origin and diversification of Philippine bulbuls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliveros, Carl Hirang

    2009-04-28

    within the archipelago. Each Philippine clade of bulbuls invaded either the Palawan region or the oceanic islands of the Philippines, but not both. Genetic data reveal at least 5 lineages that warrant recognition as full species. This study underscores...

  5. Cuttings Analysis At International Geothermal Area, Philippines...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Karaha-Bodas Co. LLC (a subsidiary of Caithness Energy) at Karaha-Telaga Bodas, Indonesia and with Philippine Geothermal Inc. (a subsidiary of Unocal) at Bulalo, Philippines....

  6. The Philippines Squid Fishery: A Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Philippines Squid Fishery: A Review ANICETO M. HERNANDO, Jr. and EFREN ED. C. FLORES Aniceto M of Fisheries, University of the Philip- pines, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines 3004. Efren Ed. C. Flores is Chairman, Department of Marine Fisheries, College of Fisheries, Uni- versity of the Philippines, Diliman

  7. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - American Samoa; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of American Samoa, the southernmost territory of the United States. American Samoa’s residential electricity rates are approximately $0.29 U.S. dollars (USD) per kilowatt-hour (kWh), more than twice the average U.S. residential rate of $0.13 USD/kWh.

  8. Center stage in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meade, W. )

    1993-03-01

    At present, early 5,000 MW of private power capacity is operating or under development in the Philippines. Projects include oil- and coal-fired, geothermal, and hydroelectric projects under a variety of financing and ownership arrangements. If all projects and solicitations come to fruition, more than 80% of new capacity added through the year 2000 will be privately owned.

  9. Intervention: U.S. Bases in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schirmer, Daniel Boone

    1988-01-01

    U.S. Military Bases in the Philippines (CAB) 135 I I addonMontclair, NJ 07043 The Philippines Reader A History ofU.S. Bases in the Philippines by Daniel B . Schirmer Clark

  10. At the Crossroads: Notes from a Trip to the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schirmer, Daniel Boone

    1990-01-01

    S. military installations on Philippine soil. tfprùtg/S^nmerNotes From A Trip to the Philippines Roone Schirmer Early inon U.S. bsftHi in the Philippines, attended by over 200

  11. Spanish Colonial Liturgical Music in the Philippines: Inventing a Tradition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kendall, David Joseph

    2010-01-01

    of Religious Orders in the Philippines. Figure 13: Luzon andRace, and Imperialism: The Philippine Constabulary Band atLouis World's Fair" in Philippine Studies, Vol. 52, no. 4 (

  12. Missing Rice in the Philippines: Measurement and Meaning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehta, Aashish; Jha, Shikha

    2010-01-01

    2003 Master Sample for Philippines House- hold Surveys, 9thFood Authority Reforms in the Philippines, in: Rashid, S. ,the case of the Philippines National Food Authority, in:

  13. “A Brief History of Archival Advocacy for Philippine Cinema”

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Bliss Cua

    2013-01-01

    in this publication, 2013 Philippine Cinema Heritage Summit:need not be a nightmare”, Philippine Daily Inquirer January20 | National Film Archives of the Philippines R A F A

  14. FOCAL MECHANISMS AND TECTONICS IN THE TAIWAN-PHILIPPINE REGION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seno, Tetsuzo

    FOCAL MECHANISMS AND TECTONICS IN THE TAIWAN-PHILIPPINE REGION T. SENOand K. KURITA Geophysical,1978) Seismicactivityand focalmechanisms inthevicinityofTaiwan and thePhilippinesPhilippinesisnota partoftheEurasianplate,butanotherblockoflithosphereandtherelativemotionbe- tweenthePhilippine

  15. Philippine Bases and U.S. Nuclear Weapons Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schirmer, Daniel Boone

    1983-01-01

    questions for both Philippine and U.S. citiiens. AfterOF NUCLEAR WAR IN THE PHILIPPINES by Jorge Emmanuel (With ane ES S INTRODUCTION: PHILIPPINE BASES AN-fJ U.S. NUCLEAR

  16. Boone Schirmer and the Early Days of the Philippines Information Bulletin, Friends of the Filipino People, and the Philippines Program at Goddard-Cambridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaerlan, Barbara S.

    2006-01-01

    and the Early Days of the Philippines Information Bulletin,the Filipino People, and the Philippines Program at Goddard-publication of the journal Philippines Information Bulletin.

  17. The youngest eruptions and edifice collapse of Iriga volcano, Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belousov, Alexander

    The youngest eruptions and edifice collapse of Iriga volcano, Philippines Alexander Belousov 1 of Volcanology and Seismology, Petropavlovsk, Russia, 3 ­ University of Philippines Iriga volcano has a prominent

  18. Philippines' downstream sector poised for growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-11

    This paper reports that the Philippines' downstream sector is poised for sharp growth. Despite a slip in refined products demand in recent years, Philippines products demand will rebound sharply by 2000, East-West Center (EWC), Honolulu, predicts. Philippines planned refinery expansions are expected to meet that added demand, EWC Director Fereidun Fesharaki says. Like the rest of the Asia-Pacific region, product specifications are changing, but major refiners in the area expect to meet the changes without major case outlays. At the same time, Fesharaki says, push toward deregulation will further bolster the outlook for the Philippines downstream sector.

  19. CIMPAUNESCO PHILIPPINES RESEARCH SCHOOL ON SEMIDEFINITE PROGRAMMING IN ALGEBRAIC COMBINATORICS, July 20 31, 2009, University of the Philippines Diliman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Bill

    CIMPA­UNESCO ­PHILIPPINES RESEARCH SCHOOL ON SEMIDEFINITE PROGRAMMING IN ALGEBRAIC COMBINATORICS, July 20 ­ 31, 2009, University of the Philippines Diliman Generic Daily Schedule (Monday to Friday) A

  20. Placing Civilization: Progressive Colonialism in Health & Education From America to the Philippines, 1899-1920

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seager, Michael Allen

    2009-01-01

    1903. _____. Report of the Philippine Commission, 1903. 581904. _____. Report of the Philippine Commission, 1904, “1907. _____. Report of the Philippine Commission, 1905-1906.

  1. Colonial Faces: Beauty and Skin Color Hierarchy in the Philippines and the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rondilla, Joanne Laxamana

    2012-01-01

    8th edition). Quezon City, Philippines: Garotech Publishing,City: University of the Philippines Press, 2004), 35. threeskincare company in the Philippines explains: I think it

  2. Subsidized Food Distribution with Endogenous Quality: A Case Study from the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehta, Aashish; Jha, Shikha

    2010-01-01

    options: the case of the Philippines, Food and energy pricethe case of the Philippines National Food Authority, in:Safety Nets in the Philippines: Analysis and Prospects.

  3. Predictors of Workplace Sexual Health Policy at Sex Work Establishments in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morisky, Donald E

    2008-01-01

    Mandel, 1995), and the Philippines (Morisky et al. , 1998;their managers in the Philippines. Prior studies demonstratebased sex workers in the Philippines. Unique to this study

  4. America's Next Top Model: The Philippines and the U.S. Empire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shalom, Stephen R

    2006-01-01

    United States and the Philippines, New York: Oxford, 1992,the Committee on the Philippines of the United States Senatein Relation to Affairs in the Philippine Islands, 1902, pp.

  5. The Presidential Veil of Administrative Authority over Foreign-Financed Public Contracts in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desierto, Diane A.

    2009-01-01

    History of the 1987 Philippine Con- stitution (I)", HistoriaWorkers Association of the Philippines, Inc. (MEWAP) et al.UNIVERSALISM IN THE PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM AND THE

  6. Racial Exclusion in the Mendicant Orders from Spain to the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woods, Damon

    1991-01-01

    F. Catholicism in the Philippines. Manila: Santo TomasAnderson, ed.. Studies in Philippine Church History (Ithaca:and Group Identity," Philippine Quarterly of Culture

  7. U.S. Bases by Another Name: ACSA in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schirmer, Daniel Boone

    1995-01-01

    information about the Philippine Bases Network write: P.O.94. Today, 10 November, '94. Philippine Star. 12 November. '94. Philippine Star, 12 November. '94. Manila Times, il

  8. Naming the Artist, Composing the Philippines: Listening for the Nation in the National Artist Award

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matherne, Neal

    2014-01-01

    Patricio N. 2008. “The Philippines: Weak State, Resilientand Society in the Philippines. Lanham, MD et al: Rowman &The University of the Philippines Press. Agoncillo, Teodoro

  9. Pepot and the Archive: Cinephilia and the Archive Crisis of Philippine Cinema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Bliss Cua

    2010-01-01

    overview of Philippine cinema, see Nicanor Tiongson, “TheCrisis of Philippine Cinema Bliss Cua Lim / University ofCrisis of Philippine Cinema Bliss Cua Lim / University of

  10. U.S. Support for Philippine Dictatorship: Threat to Peace and Security in Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schirmer, Daniel Boone

    1973-01-01

    Srhirmer representing The Philippines Information Tidier in.U.S. Support for Philippine Dictatorship: Threat to Peaceaf the fjjst year in the Philippines that also merit The

  11. Managing the (Post)Colonial : race, gender and sexuality in literary texts of the Philippine Commonwealth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solomon, Amanda Lee Albaniel

    2011-01-01

    in the Nineteenth Century Philippines. Berkeley: UC Press,Bautista. Introduction. Philippine English: Linguistic andYears of America in the Philippines. New Brunswick: Rutgers

  12.  “Analysis and Recommendations in the wake of the 2013 Philippine Cinema Heritage Summit"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Bliss Cua

    2013-01-01

    success stories,” Philippine Daily Inquirer February 7,City. 32 | National Film Archives of the Philippines CDevelopment Council of the Philippines, Defi ning Its Powers

  13. Incentives & Nutrition For Rotten Kids: The Quantity & Quality Of Food Allocated Within Philippine Households

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dubois, Pierre; Ligon, Ethan

    2012-01-01

    rural poor: a study of Philippine farm households. Boulder:and food allocation in the Philippines. Unpublished Manu-planning in the rural Philippines. Journal of Southeast

  14. Reconsidering Lapita Ancestry: Evidence of Material Change and Migration on Tutuila Island, American Samoa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welch, Daniel Ryan

    2014-05-06

    Recent advances in the archaeology of the Samoan Islands have forced us to reconsider the generally accepted phylogenetic model for the chronology of cultural change in prehistoric Samoa. In this dissertation I use new archaeological evidence from...

  15. Philippine Islands: a tectonic railroad siding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gallagher, J.J. Jr.

    1984-09-01

    In 1976, significant quantities of oil were discovered offshore northwest of Palawan Island by a Philippine-American consortium led by Philippines-Cities Service Inc. This was the first commercial oil found in the Philippine Islands. Other exploration companies had decided that there was no commercial oil in the Philippines. They fell prey to a situation Wallace E. Pratt, who began his career in 1909 in the Philippines, later described: There are many instances where our knowledge, supported in some cases by elaborate and detailed studies has convinced us that no petroleum resources were present in areas which subsequently became sites of important oil fields. Some explorers are blinded by the negative implications of the same knowledge that successful explorers use to find important oil fields. The Palawan discoveries are examples of successful use of knowledge. Recognition that the Philippine Islands are a tectonic railroad siding may be the key to future exploration success. These islands are continental fragments, each with its own individual geologic characteristics, that have moved from elsewhere to their present positions along a major strike-slip zone. Play concepts can be developed in the Philippines for continental fragments in each of the three major present-day tectono-stratigraphic systems that are dominated by strike-slip, but include subduction and extension tectonics, with both carbonate and clastic sediments.

  16. Pepot and the Archive: Cinephilia and the Archive Crisis of Philippine Cinema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Bliss Cua

    2010-01-01

    For a historical overview of Philippine cinema, see Nicanor23-61; and Bien Lumbera, “Philippine Film (1897-1992)”CCP Encyclopedia of Philippine Art vol. 8: Philippine Film (

  17. THE USE OF GROUND-PENETRATING RADAR FOR ARCHAEOLOGY: DETERMINING SITE FORMATION PROCESSES AND SUBSURFACE FEATURES ON TUTUILA ISLAND, AMERICAN SAMOA 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welch, Daniel

    2006-07-11

    complement traditional archaeological techniques. This thesis presents the results of a study using ground-penetrating radar in the mountain settings of American Samoa, a chain of volcanic islands in the South Pacific. Our results show that in American Samoa...

  18. Hefty tests buoy Philippine oil sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-04-13

    This paper reports that Alcorn International Inc., Houston, has disclosed a test of another hefty oil flow off Philippines. Alcorn last month completed its third high flowing delineation well in the West Linapacan area off Palawan Island. Development of West Linapacan field will help boost lagging Philippines oil production, which fell 31% in 1991 from 1990 levels. Philippines Office of Energy Affairs (OEA) also outlined other aspects of the country's oil and gas activity in 1991. Recent drilling successes have redirected the country's focus north to the West Linapacan area from older Northwest Palawan oil fields. Meantime, two geophysical survey and exploration contracts (GSECs) were awarded in 1991, and two service contracts (SCs) were relinquished during the year. Several seismic program were completed last year, and in agreement between Australia and Philippines will yield added seismic data during the next 3 years.

  19. Bringing electricity reform to the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fe Villamejor-Mendoza, Maria

    2008-12-15

    Electricity reforms will not translate to competition overnight. But reforms are inching their way forward in institutions and stakeholders of the Philippine electricity industry, through regulatory and competition frameworks, processes, and systems promulgated and implemented. (author)

  20. The Chinese Mestizo in Philippine History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wickberg, Edgar

    1964-03-01

    Reprinted from THE JOURNAL SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY (Vol. 5, No. 1) March 1964 (pp. 62-100) The Chinese Mestizo in Philippine History By E. Wickberg East Asian Series, Reprint No. 10 INTERNATIONAL STUDIES CENTER FOR EAST ASIAN STUDIES... Chinese Economic Influences in the Philip pines, by Edgar Wickberg. 4. Some Aspects of Korean Acculturation and Value Orientation Since 1950, by Felix Moos. 5. The Philippine Political Party System, by Carl H. Lande. 6. Religion and Politics in Japan...

  1. Philippines: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khin, J.A. )

    1991-08-01

    This paper reports on the discovery of a major oil field in the West Linapacan area, plus encouraging signs from the Calauit 1B, both offshore Palawan, that have prompted foreign and local firms to increase exploration activity, which should result in the drilling of 22 wells this year, compared to only seven during 1990. The West Linapacan well is reported to have potential recoverable reserves of 109 million bbl, and a consortium led by Alcorn (Production) Philippines plans a two-phase development of the discovery, beginning with two or three follow-up wells. These will be part of the seven additional wells the Office of Energy Affairs has approved for 1991 or early 1992. The OEA expects production from West Linapacan to start by 1992 at an initial rate of 15,000 to 20,000 bopd.

  2. A morphosyntactic analysis of the pronominal system of Philippine languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A morphosyntactic analysis of the pronominal system of Philippine languages Shirley N. Dita, the Philippines 1004 shirley.dita@dlsu.edu.ph Abstract. Pronominal orientation is widely argued to be universal component of human languages. Meanwhile, the pronominal system of Philippine languages (henceforth, PL) has

  3. Building Online Corpora of Philippine Languages* Shirley N. Dita

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Building Online Corpora of Philippine Languages* Shirley N. Dita a , Rachel Edita O. Roxas b Avenue, Manila, Philippines shirley.dita@dlsu.edu.ph b College of Computer Studies, De La Salle University 2401 Taft Avenue, Manila, Philippines {rachel.roxas, paul.inventado}@dlsu.edu.ph Abstract

  4. Philippine Quarterly of Culture & Society 13 (1985): 282-296

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belsky, Jill M.

    1985-01-01

    Philippine Quarterly of Culture & Society 13 (1985): 282-296 SOME SOCIOECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF FOREST USE BY LOWLAND FARMERS IN LEYTE, PHILIPPINES AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS FOR AGRICULTURAL, Philippines provide an important source of annual food crops, perennial cash crops, and rattan and timber

  5. Computational Linguistics Research on Philippine Languages Rachel Edita O. ROXAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Computational Linguistics Research on Philippine Languages Rachel Edita O. ROXAS Software Technology Department De La Salle University 2401 Taft Avenue, Manila, Philippines ccsror@ccs.dlsu.edu.ph Allan BORRA Software Technology Department De La Salle University 2401 Taft Avenue, Manila, Philippines

  6. Philippine Historiography and Colonial Discourse: Eight Selected Essays on Postcolonial Studies in the Philippines (An Introduction to the Japanese Translation) by Yoshiko Nagano (translated into English by Michiyo Yoneno-Reyes)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoneno-Reyes, Michiyo

    2007-01-01

    American Hegemony, and the Philippine Nationalism, QuezonNationalism: Critical Issue,” Philippine Studies, vol. 50,in Indonesia, the Philippines and Colonial Vietnam, Ithaca:

  7. The role of non-formal education in combating the HIV epidemic in the Philippines and Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morisky, Donald E.; Lyu, Shu-Yu; Urada, Lianne A.

    2009-01-01

    indicators in Quezon City, Philippines. Journal of ClinicalNetwork (2007). Philippines HIV Initiatives database.Philippine National AIDS Council. http://

  8. Colonial Articulations: English Instruction and the 'Benevolence' of U.S. Overseas Expansion in the Philippines, 1898-1916

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Funie

    2013-01-01

    R. “Watchful Waiting for the Philippines. ” Sunset Magazine,Years of English in Philippine Education. ” World EnglishesWestern Islands. Paragua, Philippines, July 27, 1901. C-B

  9. African Americans and the Spanish-American War and Philippine Insurrection: Military Participation, Recognition, and Memory, 1898-1904

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Timothy Dale

    2013-01-01

    American Rebel in the Philippine, 1899-1901. ” The PacificSpanish-American War and Philippine Insurrection: Militaryofficers serving in the Philippines), acknowledged that the

  10. Collecting the People: Textualizing Epics in Philippine History from the Sixteenth Century to the Twenty-First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reilly, Brandon Joseph

    2013-01-01

    Society from the Philippines, 2008. Vogelzang, Marianna E. ,Relations in Colonial Philippines, 1521-1685. Burlington,We Admit: Insights into Philippine Cultural History. Quezon

  11. Kirkland gets license in hot Philippines area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirkland, A.S.

    1992-08-03

    This paper reports that Kirkland As, Oslo, has received a geophysical survey and exploration contract (GSEC) in a sizzling exploration and development theater off the Philippines. The license covers about 6,000 sq miles of undisputed waters, with depths mostly less than 300 ft, and lies in the Reed Bank area off Northwest Palawan Island, where several major oil and gas strikes have been made recently. Kirkland has 1 year in which to carry out its seismic work commitment. The terms of the GSEC then give an option to drill one well in a 6 month period. Once the results have been analyzed, the company can either drill another well or enter into a service contract for the license. Kirkland has a 65% share in the license, with the remainder split between Philippine companies Philodrill Corp., Beguet Mining Corp. subsidiary Petrofields, and Seafront Resources Corp. The Philippines is one of Kirkland's main areas of activity, the Kirkland Commercial Manager Ralph Baxter.

  12. Alcorn wells bolster Philippines oil production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-09-21

    This paper reports that Alcorn International Inc., Houston, is producing about 16,500 b/d of oil from West Linapacan A field in the South China Sea off the Philippines. The field's current production alone is more than fivefold the Philippines' total average oil flow of 3,000 b/d in 1991. It's part of a string of oil and gas strikes off Palawan Island that has made the region one of the hottest exploration/development plays in the Asia-Pacific theater.

  13. Combined cycle comes to the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-03-01

    The first combined cycle power station in the Philippines has gone into operation at National Power Corporation`s (NPC) Limay Bataan site, some 40 km west of Manila. The plant comprises two 300 MW blocks in 3+3+1 configuration, based on ABB Type GT11N gas turbines. It was built by a consortium of ABB, with their Japanese licensee Kawasaki Heavy Industries, and Marubeni Corporation. This paper discusses Philippine power production, design and operation of the Limay Bataan plant, and conversion of an existing turbine of the nuclear plant project that was abandoned earlier, into a combined cycle operation. 6 figs.

  14. Sheet Number Edition Sheet Name NB 51-2 1 KABASALAN, PHILIPPINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoubridge, Eric

    Sheet Number Edition Sheet Name NB 51-2 1 KABASALAN, PHILIPPINES NB 51-3 1 COTABATO, PHILIPPINES NB 51-8 1 RAJAH BUAYAN CITY, PHILIPPINES NB 51-9 1 SIASI, PHILIPPINES NB 52-1 1 BAGANGA, PHILIPPINES NC 16-8 1 LIBERIA, COSTA RICA; NICARAGUA NC 16-12 1 PUNTARENAS, COSTA

  15. Philippines: Asia Pacific energy series: Country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, S.

    1988-11-01

    The purpose of this report is to present an overview of Philippines energy planning and policy and to analyze its energy resources and economic developments. Geography, population, geothermal reserves, coal, oil industry, electricity, and renewable energy are the major topics included in the report. A chapter is focused on national economy and energy policy. 40 tabs., 2 figs.

  16. Wind Energy Resource Atlas of the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, D.; Schwartz, M.; George, R.; Haymes, S.; Heimiller, D.; Scott, G.; McCarthy, E.

    2001-03-06

    This report contains the results of a wind resource analysis and mapping study for the Philippine archipelago. The study's objective was to identify potential wind resource areas and quantify the value of those resources within those areas. The wind resource maps and other wind resource characteristic information will be used to identify prospective areas for wind-energy applications.

  17. Philippines Wind Energy Resource Atlas Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, D.

    2000-11-29

    This paper describes the creation of a comprehensive wind energy resource atlas for the Philippines. The atlas was created to facilitate the rapid identification of good wind resource areas and understanding of the salient wind characteristics. Detailed wind resource maps were generated for the entire country using an advanced wind mapping technique and innovative assessment methods recently developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

  18. Quantitative detection of PfHRP2 in saliva of malaria patients in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    Roxas, Palawan, Philippines. 5 Biomedical Engineering IDP,of malaria patients in the Philippines. Malaria Journal 2012of malaria patients in the Philippines Andrew O Fung 1,7* ,

  19. Limited Nuclear War and U.S. Bases in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schirmer, Daniel Boone

    1981-01-01

    AND U. S. BASES IN THE PHILIPPINES. On June 17, 1980, thethat U. S. bases In the Philippines contravened the p r i nand existence undermined Philippine national sovereignty,

  20. Incentives and nutrition for rotten kids: intrahousehold food allocation in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dubois, Pierre; Ligon, Ethan A.

    2011-01-01

    rural poor: a study of Philippine farm households. Boulder:food allocation in the Philippines Pierre Dubois and EthanFOOD ALLOCATION IN THE PHILIPPINES PIERRE DUBOIS AND ETHAN

  1. Imposing Capitalism: Japanese and American Colonialism in Taiwan, the Philippines, and Cuba, 1890s-1920s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzman, Marco Antonio

    2015-01-01

    A. 2001. Sugar and the Origins of Modern Philippine Society.Quezon City, Philippines, New Day Publishers. Mahoney,the Colonisation of the Philippines. ” Itinerario 22(04):44–

  2. Spatio-temporal variability and predictability of summer monsoon onset over the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robertson, Andrew W.

    1 Spatio-temporal variability and predictability of summer monsoon onset over the Philippines V + International Research Institute for Climate and Society, Columbia University, USA * Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration, Manila, Philippines Submitted to Climate Dynamics

  3. Excerpt from God’s Arbiters: Americans and the Philippines, 1898–1902

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Susan K.

    2011-01-01

    View of the War in the Philippines,” dated Hong Kong JuneAmericans and the Philippines, 1898– 1902 by Susan K.  American Annexation of the Philippines in Europe and Latin

  4. Sharon’s Noranian Turn: Stardom, Embodiment, and Language in Philippine Cinema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Bliss Cua

    2009-01-01

    of Achievers,” Focus Philippines 10, no. 28 (1982): 18–19;in CCP Encyclopedia of Philippine Art (Manila: CulturalCenter of the Philippines, 1994), 225. Sharon Cuneta’s aunt

  5. Sharon’s Noranian Turn: Stardom, Embodiment, and Language in Philippine Cinema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Bliss Cua

    2009-01-01

    would provide. (“ Philippine Cinema: An HistoricalOverview,” Asian Cinema 10, no. 2 [1999]: 29–66, quotationin Readings in Philippine Cinema (see note 4), 117–23,

  6.  “Analysis and Recommendations in the wake of the 2013 Philippine Cinema Heritage Summit"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Bliss Cua

    2013-01-01

    this publication, 2013 Philippine Cinema Heritage Summit: APHILIPPINE CINEMA HERITAGE SUMMIT a report Published byNFAP) held the Philippine Cinema Heritage Summit to bring

  7. Early Chinese Economic Influence in the Philippines, 1850-1898

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wickberg, Edgar

    1962-06-01

    Extract from PACIFIC AFFAIRS Fall, 1962 Early Chinese Economic Influence in the Philippines, 1850-1898 By Edgar Wickberg East Asian Series, Reprint No. 3 CENTER FOR EAST ASIAN STUDIES THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS Lawrence, Kansas CENTER... pines, by Edgar Wickberg. Early Chinese Economic Influence in the Philippines, 1850-1898 IN THE PHILIPPINES during the past decade economic nationalism has mani fested itself, among other ways, in government policies aimed at Chinese residents. As a...

  8. Philippines-Measuring, Reporting, and Verifying (MRV) of Transport...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Philippines-Measuring, Reporting, and Verifying (MRV) of Transport Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Phase II (Redirected from Measuring, Reporting, and Verifying...

  9. Strategies for Enhancing Biomass Energy Utilization in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samson, R.; Helwig, T.; Stohl, D.; De Maio, A.; Duxbury, P.; Mendoza, T.; Elepano, A.

    2001-10-18

    Technical report on Biofuel energy development in the Philippines and the role it can play in eradicating rural poverty and creating self-reliant communities.

  10. Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia AgencyCompany Organization Asian...

  11. Photovoltaic battery charging experience in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Navarro, S.T. Jr.

    1997-12-01

    With the turn of the century, people in remote areas still live without electricity. Conventional electrification will hardly reach the remaining 50% of the population of the Philippines in remote areas. With photovoltaic technology, the delivery of electricity to remote areas can be sustainable. Malalison island was chosen as a project site for electrification using photovoltaic technology. With the fragile balance of ecology and seasonal income in this island, the PV electrification proved to be a better option than conventional fossil based electrification. The Solar Battery Charging Station (SBCS) was used to suit the economic and geographical condition of the island. Results showed that the system can charge as many as three batteries in a day for an average fee of $0.54 per battery. Charging is measured by an ampere-hour counter to determine the exact amount of charge the battery received. The system was highly accepted by the local residents and the demand easily outgrew the system within four months. A technical, economic and social evaluation was done. A recovery period of seven years and five months is expected when competed with the conventional battery charging in the mainland. The technical, economic, institutional and social risks faced by the project were analyzed. Statistics showed that there is a potential of 920,000 households that can benefit from PV electrification in the Philippines. The data and experiences gained in this study are valuable in designing SBCS for remote unelectrified communities in the Philippines and other developing countries.

  12. rOR THE PHILIPPINES UDited States Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · rOR THE PHILIPPINES =::::::: = ( ( ,/" UDited States Department of the Interior FISH AND WILDLIFE- visions of the Philippine Rehat:;iUtation Act of 1946, has been cooperating with the Philippine government in the rehabilItation and development of the fishing industry in the Philippines. The importance of this work rna

  13. Impact of a Social Influence Intervention on Condom Use and Sexually Transmitted Infections among Establishment-Based Female Sex Workers in the Philippines: A Multilevel Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morisky, Donald E

    2008-01-01

    risk reduction program in the Philippines: A comprehensivebar workers in the Philippines. ” Journal of Psychology andbar workers in the Philippines. Health Education & Behavior,

  14. Toward a Filipino/a Critical (FilCrit) Pedagogy: A Study of United States Educational Exposure Programs to the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viola, Michael Joseph

    2012-01-01

    L. R. (1978). The Philippines: The Continuing Past. QuezonL. R. (1975). The Philippines: A Past Revisited. QuezonUniversity of the Philippines Press. Fischman, Gustavo &

  15. HIV/AIDS Prevention among The Male Population: Results of a Peer-Education Program For Taxicab and Tricycle Drivers in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morisky, Donald E

    2008-01-01

    and truck drivers in the Philippines. Occupational SafetyLabour and Employment, Philippines. United Nations EconomicRisk Reduction Program in the Philippines: A Comprehensive

  16. Reconstructing Philippine marine fisheries catches, Palomares, MLD and Pauly, D Reconstructing Philippine marine fisheries catches: a rationale and a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauly, Daniel

    Reconstructing Philippine marine fisheries catches, Palomares, MLD and Pauly, D 14 Reconstructing Philippine marine fisheries catches: a rationale and a methodology20 M.L.D. Palomares and D. Pauly Sea Around Us, Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver BC, V6T 1Z4; Email: m.palomares

  17. Philippines: Small-scale renewable energy update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-12-01

    This paper gives an overview of the application of small scale renewable energy sources in the Philippines. Sources looked at include solar, biomass, micro-hydroelectric, mini-hydroelectric, wind, mini-geothermal, and hybrid. A small power utilities group is being spun off the major utility, to provide a structure for developing rural electrification programs. In some instances, private companies have stepped forward, avoiding what is perceived as overwhelming beaurocracy, and installed systems with private financing. The paper provides information on survey work which has been done on resources, and the status of cooperative programs to develop renewable systems in the nation.

  18. Shell appraising deepwater discovery off Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scherer, M. ); Lambers, E.J.T.; Steffens, G.S. )

    1993-05-10

    Shell International Petroleum Co. Ltd. negotiated a farmout in 1990 from Occidental International Exploration and Production Co. for Block SC-38 in the South China Sea off Palawan, Philippines, following Oxy's discovery of gas in 1989 in a Miocene Nido limestone buildup. Under the terms of the farmout agreement, Shell became operator with a 50% share. Following the disappointing well North Iloc 1, Shell was successful in finding oil and gas in Malampaya 1. Water 700-1,000 m deep, remoteness, and adverse weather conditions have imposed major challenges for offshore operations. The paper describes the tectonic setting; the Nido limestone play; the Malampaya discovery; and Shell's appraisal studies.

  19. Sign Language and Computing in a Developing Country: A Research Roadmap for the Next Two Decades in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the Philippines Liza B. Martinez a and Ed Peter G. Cabalfin b a Philippine Deaf Resource Center, Inc. 27 K-7 Street, West Kamias, Quezon City 1102 Philippines lizamartinez@phildeafres.org b Computer Vision of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City 1101 Philippines ed.cabalfin@gmail.com Abstract. This paper presents

  20. Cryptic genetic diversity in ``widespread" Southeast Asian bird species suggests that Philippine avian endemism is gravely underestimated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winker, Kevin

    Cryptic genetic diversity in ``widespread" Southeast Asian bird species suggests that Philippine of Biology, University of the Philippines-Diliman, Quezon City 1101, Philippines i National Museum of the Philippines, Padre Burgos St., Manila 1000, Philippines a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 30

  1. Philippine refiner completes diesel desulfurization project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Candido, S.S.; Crisostomo, E.V.

    1997-01-27

    In anticipation of tightening sulfur specifications on diesel fuel, Petron Corp. built a new 18,000 b/sd gas oil desulfurization unit (GODU) at its refinery in Bataan, Philippines. The GODU gives Petron sufficient diesel oil desulfurization capacity to meet demand for lower-sulfur diesel in the country. The project places the refinery in a pacesetter position to comply with the Philippine government`s moves to reduce air pollution, especially in urban centers, by reducing the sulfur specification for diesel to 0.5 wt% in 1996 from 0.7 wt% at the start of the project. Performance tests and initial operations of the unit have revealed a desulfurization efficiency of 91% vs. a guaranteed efficiency of 90%. A feed sulfur content of 1.33 wt% is reduced to 0.12 wt% at normal operating conditions. Operating difficulties during start-up were minimized through use of a detailed prestartup check conducted during the early stages of construction work.

  2. The Coloniality of Neoliberal English: The Enduring Structures of American Colonial English Instruction in the Philippines and Puerto Rico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Funie

    2015-01-01

    forgetting, and the problem of English in the Philippines.Philippine Studies, 47-67. Tupas, T. R. F. (2011). The newyears of English in Philippine education. World Englishes,

  3. Geographic drivers of avian diversification in the Philippine archipelago

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hosner, Peter A.

    2014-05-31

    I investigate the relative roles of different classes of geographical barriers in the diversification of the Philippine avifauna, by inferring the evolutionary relationships of 20 avian groups with DNA sequence data. In chapter one, I reconstruct...

  4. Philippine bird taxonomy and conservation, a response to Collar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend

    2007-06-01

    Philippine bird taxonomy and conservation, a response to Collar A. TOWNSEND PETERSON Summary Collar (2007) attacked a recent paper of mine (Peterson 2006) on a number of grounds; he raised some valid points, and detected some errors in detail. Here...) was the subject of a letter from Collar (2007), who raised several points to which I feel obliged to respond. My original paper simply offered a list of currently recognized Philippine bird species that appear to consist of multiple, distinct, diagnosable subunits...

  5. Independent focuses Philippines exploration on Visayan basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rillera, F.G.

    1995-08-21

    Cophil Exploration Corp., a Filipino public company, spearheaded 1995 Philippine oil and gas exploration activity with the start of its gas delineation drilling operations in Libertad, northern Cebu. Cophil and its Australian partners, Coplex Resources NL and PacRim Energy NL, have set out to complete a seven well onshore drilling program within this block this year. The companies are testing two modest shallow gas plays, Libertad and Dalingding, and a small oil play, Maya, all in northern Cebu about 500 km southeast of Manila. Following a short discussion on the geology and exploration history of the Visayan basin, this article briefly summarizes Cophil`s ongoing Cebu onshore drilling program. Afterwards, discussion focuses on identified exploration opportunities in the basin`s offshore sector.

  6. PHILIPPINE NURSES ASSOCIATION OF NEW JERSEY, INC. PNANJ NURSING SCHOLARSHIP AWARD FOR YEAR 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neimark, Alexander V.

    PHILIPPINE NURSES ASSOCIATION OF NEW JERSEY, INC. PNANJ NURSING SCHOLARSHIP AWARD FOR YEAR 2014, Past President) santee@ucc.edu #12;PHILIPPINE NURSES ASSOCIATION OF NEW JERSEY, INC. PHOTO RELEASE

  7. The lithics of Aganoa Village (AS-22-43), American Samoa: a test of chemical characterization and sourcing Tutuilan tool-stone 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crews, Christopher Thomas

    2008-10-10

    The purpose of this thesis is to present the morphological and chemical analyses of the lithic assemblage recovered from Aganoa Village (AS-22-43), Tutuila Island, American Samoa. Implications were found that include the ...

  8. The Evolution of Land Tenure in Forestry Management in the Philippines David G. Gould

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Onsrud, Harlan J.

    The Evolution of Land Tenure in Forestry Management in the Philippines David G. Gould May 16, 2002 or agriculture. Throughout history the Philippines has seen extensive tree cutting by commercial logging the logging had little incentive to be concerned with long-term conservation issues. The Philippines

  9. TWO NEW SPECIES OF HYMENOLEPIS (CESTODA: HYMENOLEPIDIDAE) FROM MURID RODENTS (RODENTIA: MURIDAE) IN THE PHILIPPINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Dale H.

    ) IN THE PHILIPPINES Arseny A. Makarikov, Vasyl V. Tkach*, and Sarah E. Bush Institute of Systematics and Ecology, Apomys microdon, and Rattus everetti collected on Luzon Island, Philippines. Hymenolepis bicauda n. sp Hymenolepis diminuta was the only member of the genus previously reported from the Philippines. The genus

  10. Precise relocation of earthquakes following the 15 June 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo (Philippines)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowe, Charlotte

    (Philippines) Jean Battaglia,1 Clifford H. Thurber,1 Jean-Luc Got,2 Charlotte A. Rowe,1,3 and Randall A. White4 June 1991 climactic eruption of Mount Pinatubo (Philippines) was followed by intense seismicity relocation of earthquakes following the 15 June 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo (Philippines), J. Geophys

  11. The Y-chromosome landscape of the Philippines: extensive heterogeneity and varying genetic affinities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Shuhua

    ARTICLE The Y-chromosome landscape of the Philippines: extensive heterogeneity and varying genetic, Mark Stoneking2 and Maria Corazon A De Ungria*,1 The Philippines exhibits a rich diversity of people history for Filipino groups, with varying roles for migrations from outside the Philippines, genetic drift

  12. Evaluation of spring flow in the uplands of Matalom, Leyte, Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Evaluation of spring flow in the uplands of Matalom, Leyte, Philippines Cynthia F. Malvicini, Tammo of the springs near Matalom, Leyte, Philippines as a sustainable source of drinking water, we measured for drinking and domestic use is a basic need. In the uplands of Matalom, Leyte, Philippines, where this study

  13. REDUCING THE RISK FROM VOLCANO HAZARDS Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    REDUCING THE RISK FROM VOLCANO HAZARDS O Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines n June 15, 1991 Pinatubo on the island of Luzon in the Philippines, the volcano had been dormant for 500 years, allowing in the Philippines (Clark Air Base), were built on the broad gentle slopes surrounding the volcano. When Pinatubo

  14. A NEW SPECIES OF RHABDIAS (NEMATODA: RHABDIASIDAE) FROM AGAMID LIZARDS ON LUZON ISLAND, PHILIPPINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Dale H.

    A NEW SPECIES OF RHABDIAS (NEMATODA: RHABDIASIDAE) FROM AGAMID LIZARDS ON LUZON ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. is described on the basis of specimens found in the lungs of 2 species of agamid lizards: the Philippine flying in Aurora Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. The new species of Rhabdias is characterized by presence of 4

  15. Interannual-to-Decadal Variability in the Bifurcation of the North Equatorial Current off the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Bo

    the Philippines BO QIU AND SHUIMING CHEN Department of Oceanography, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu in the bifurcation of the North Equatorial Current (NEC) along the Philippine coast. The NEC bifurcation latitude gyres. After en- countering the western boundary along the Philippine coast, the NEC bifurcates

  16. Satellite and radar analysis of the volcanic-cumulonimbi at Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 1991

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel, Rosenfeld

    Satellite and radar analysis of the volcanic-cumulonimbi at Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 1991, Philippines. The observed phenomena included deep convection resulting from (1) lower level eruptions, (2 and radar analysis of the volcanic-cumulonimbi at Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 1991, J. Geophys. Res., 110

  17. Adaptive Radiation and Ecological Opportunity in Sulawesi and Philippine Fanged Frog (Limnonectes) Communities.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGuire, Jimmy A.

    Adaptive Radiation and Ecological Opportunity in Sulawesi and Philippine Fanged Frog (Limnonectes the american naturalist august 2011 Adaptive Radiation and Ecological Opportunity in Sulawesi and Philippine on Sulawesi Island is lower than it is in the Philippines, but Sulawesi supports a sur- prising diversity

  18. Role of Indian Ocean warming in the development of Philippine Sea anticyclone during ENSO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watanabe, Masahiro

    Role of Indian Ocean warming in the development of Philippine Sea anticyclone during ENSO Masahiro] The anomalous, low-level anticyclone near the Philippines and suppressed convection over the western Pacific convection over the maritime continent generates the Philippine Sea anticyclone. From a series of the moist

  19. The center of the center of marine shore fish biodiversity: the Philippine Islands Kent E. Carpentera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horth, Lisa

    The center of the center of marine shore fish biodiversity: the Philippine Islands Kent E integration, conservation Synopsis Multiple datasets show global maxima of marine biodiversity in the Indo­Malay­Philippines scale and identifies a peak of marine biodiversity in the central Philippine Islands and a secondary

  20. &Philippine Quarterly ofCulture Society 11 (1983): 237-256

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belsky, Jill M.

    1983-01-01

    &Philippine Quarterly ofCulture Society 11 (1983): 237-256 HOUSEHOLD RESPONSES TO DROUGHT IN TWO SUBSISTENCE LEYTE VILLAGES ////M. Belsky and Stephen F. Siebert1 INTRODUCTION The a severePhilippines; and the Philippine-American Educational Foundation for funding the research. 2The two names used in this article

  1. An expression of Philippine Sea plate rotation: the Parece Vela and Shikoku Basins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Dietmar

    An expression of Philippine Sea plate rotation: the Parece Vela and Shikoku Basins Maria Sdroliasa October 2003; accepted 27 July 2004 Available online 27 October 2004 Abstract The Philippine Sea plate. The motion of the Philippine Sea plate through time is poorly understood as it is almost entirely surrounded

  2. History of Asian eolian input to the West Philippine Sea over the last one million years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clift, Peter

    History of Asian eolian input to the West Philippine Sea over the last one million years Shiming East Asian monsoon Clay minerals Glacial­interglacial West Philippine Sea International Marine Past the International Marine Past Global Change (IMAGES) Core MD06-3050 from the West Philippine Sea in order to trace

  3. Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,LowGuinea: Energy

  4. Structural elements of the Sulu Sea, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hinz, K.; Block, M.; Kudrass, H.R.; Meyer, H. , Hannover )

    1994-07-01

    The structure and tectonic history of the Sulu Sea are described on the basis of seismic reflection data combined with the findings of onshore and offshore geological studies, and the results of ODP Leg 124 drilling. Closing of a hypothetical Mesozoic proto-South China Sea associated with the formation of oceanic crustal splinters in the late Eocene followed by southward subduction and, in turn, progressive collision of the north Palawan continental terrane with the micro-continental Borneo plate since the middle Miocene, resulted in the formation of the structurally complex Sulu-Borneo collision belt. The latter comprises north Sabah, southern and central Palawan, and the northwest Sulu basin. Fracturing of the Borneo micro-continental plate into the Sulu and Cagayan ridges initiated the opening of the southeast Sulu basin during the late Oligocene through the early Miocene. Collision of the north Palawan continental terrane with Cagayan Ridge in the late early Miocene and oblique collision of these blocks with the central Philippines resulted in the still ongoing closing of the southeast Sulu basin since the middle or late Miocene. Closing of the southeast Sulu basin began with the formation of an oceanic crustal slab.

  5. Diverse ages and origins of basement complexes, Luzon, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geary, E.E.; Harrison, T.M.; Heizler, M.

    1988-04-01

    Geological field investigations and /sup 40/Ar//sup 39/Ar ages from two basement complexes in southeast Luzon document the first known occurrences of pre-Late Cretaceous age rocks in the eastern Philippines. However, individual components within the two complexes vary in age from Late Jurassic (Caramoan basement complex) to Early Cretaceous and early Miocene (Camarines Norte-Calaguas Islands basement complex). These and other data show that southeast Luzon basement complexes are genetically diverse, and they indicate that the concept of an old, autochthonous basement in the Philippines is open to question. This supports the hypothesis that the Philippine Archipelago is an amalgamation of allochthonous Mesozoic and Cenozoic island-arc, ocean-basin, and continental fragments that were assembled during the Tertiary.

  6. Implementing energy standards for motors and buildings in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiel, S.; Busch, J.; Sanchez, C.; Deringer, J.; Fernandez, E.; Companano, M.

    1998-07-01

    The Philippines' master plan for energy makes cornerstones of energy standards for appliances, buildings, and motors in their energy efficiency effort. Significant progress has been made in implementing appliance standards for some products, but has lagged for others. This has been partly because the resources allocated have dictated a cautious deliberate approach. Products where there has been a lack of information about the respective markets have received lowest priority. Motors fall in this latter category. In their development of building codes, the Philippine government has also taken a cautious deliberate approach and is just now attending to the compliance of a commercial building energy performance standard that was enacted into law in 1994. This paper describes the results of recent new buildings and motor market assessments carried out in the Philippines, a survey of building energy code implementation in other countries, and how these products are being used to further implementation of energy standards in the Philippines. Lessons for other countries are drawn from this experience.

  7. Understanding electricity market reforms and the case of Philippine deregulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santiago, Andrea; Roxas, Fernando

    2010-03-15

    The experience of the Philippines offers lessons that should be relevant to any country seeking to deregulate its power industry. Regardless of structure, consumers must face the real price of electricity production and delivery that is closer to marginal cost. Politically motivated prices merely shift the burden from ratepayers to taxpayers. And any reform should work within a reasonable timetable. (author)

  8. Advancing Low Emission Growth in the Philippines (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watson, A.; Butheau, M.; Sandor, D.

    2013-11-01

    The Philippines, an island nation of nearly 100 million people and one of the world?s 15 most populous nations, is grappling with the challenge of expanding economic opportunities for its people. At the same time, it is one of the nations at greatest risk from climate change impacts, including rising sea levels and more frequent and intense floods and storms.

  9. Sr-isotopic composition of marbles from the Puerto Galera area (Mindoro, Philippines): additional evidence for a Paleozoic age of a metamorphic complex in the Philippine island arc

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knittel, U.; Daniels, U.

    1987-02-01

    The Sr-isotopic composition of marbles from the Puerto Galera area (Mindoro, Philippines) is compatible with either a Tertiary or a Paleozoic age. The former is considered as unlikely because nonmetamorphic sediments of that age overlie the metamorphic complex. This implies that the metamorphic complex does not represent the basement of the Philippine arc but is an accreted terrane.

  10. Philippine Marine Fisheries Catches: A Bottom-up Reconstruction, 1950-2010, Palomares, MLD and Pauly, D (eds.) Philippine marine fisheries 1011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauly, Daniel

    Philippine Marine Fisheries Catches: A Bottom-up Reconstruction, 1950-2010, Palomares, MLD and Pauly, D (eds.) 1 Philippine marine fisheries 1011 M.L.D. Palomares1 , V.A. Parducho2 , M. Bimbao2 , E, Vancouver BC, V6T 1Z4; Email: m.palomares@fisheries.ubc.ca 2 FishBase Information and Research Group, Inc

  11. Use of Downhole Motors in Geothermal Drilling in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pyle, D. E.

    1981-01-01

    This paper describes the use of downhole motors in the Tiwi geothermal field in the Philippines, The discussion includes the application Of a Dyna-Drill with insert-type bits for drilling through surface alluvium. The economics of this type of drilling are compared to those of conventional rotary drilling. The paper also describes the use of a turbodrill that drills out scale as the well produces geothermal fluids.

  12. Why geothermal energy? Geothermal utilization in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazo, F.M.

    1997-12-31

    This paper discusses the advantages of choosing geothermal energy as a resource option in the Philippine energy program. The government mandates the full-scale development of geothermal energy resources to meet increased power demand brought by rapid industrialization and economic growth, and to reduce fossil fuel importation. It also aims to realize these additional geothermal capacities by tapping private sector investments in the exploration, development, exploitation, construction, operation and management of various geothermal areas in the country.

  13. Certain Cash Contributions for Typhoon Haiyan Relief Efforts in the Philippines Can Be Deducted on Your 2013 Tax Return

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    Certain Cash Contributions for Typhoon Haiyan Relief Efforts in the Philippines Can Be Deducted, 2014, and before April 15, 2014, for the relief of victims in the Republic of the Philippines affected

  14. The development of a selection criteria model for the type of seismic retrofitting scheme applicable to Philippine buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angeles, Kathryn Patricia V. (Kathryn Patricia Velayo)

    2008-01-01

    The Philippine Archipelago lies in a highly sensitive position in the Asian continent, named the Pacific "Ring of Fire" and it is one of the most seismically active and disaster prone areas in the world. In the Philippines, ...

  15. On November 7, 2013, Typhoon Haiyan (called typhoon "Yolanda" in the Philippines) passed over the Philippines and at the time of landfall, it was one of the most severe typhoons in recorded history.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    On November 7, 2013, Typhoon Haiyan (called typhoon "Yolanda" in the Philippines) passed over the Philippines and at the time of landfall, it was one of the most severe typhoons in recorded history. Typhoon to get involved in fundraising efforts to provide relief to Philippines? Here's how! Volunteer Volunteer

  16. Micro-foundations of producer power in Colombia and the Philippines: towards a political understanding of rents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Micro-foundations of producer power in Colombia and the Philippines: towards a political Kingdom http://www.bath.ac.uk/cds #12;Micro-foundations of producer power in Colombia and the Philippines-creating state interventions in Colombia and the Philippines, where the authority to mobilise agricultural levies

  17. BOHOLINA, A NEW GENUS (COPEP0DA:CALANOIDA) WITH TWO NEW SPECIES FROM AN ANCHIALINE CAVE IN THE PHILIPPINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    IN THE PHILIPPINES SARSIA FOSSHAGEN,AUDUN& THOMASM. ILIFFE1989 11 15. Boholina, a new genus (Copepoda: Calanoida) with two new species from an anchialine cave in the 'Philippines. - Sarsia 74: 201-208. Bergen. ISSN. In a survey of marine'caves in the Philippines faunal assemblages simila~to those in Bermuda were found

  18. A thin layer of phytoplankton observed in the Philippine Sea with a synthetic moored array of autonomous gliders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fratantoni, David

    A thin layer of phytoplankton observed in the Philippine Sea with a synthetic moored array and phytoplankton distribution in a 100 km  100 km domain in the Philippine Sea east of Luzon Strait for 10 days), A thin layer of phytoplankton observed in the Philippine Sea with a synthetic moored array of autonomous

  19. A trapped Philippine Sea plate origin for MORB from the inner slope of the Izu^Bonin trench

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Brian

    A trapped Philippine Sea plate origin for MORB from the inner slope of the Izu^Bonin trench Susan M Pacific plate or a trapped remnant of Philippine Sea plate on which the Izu^Bonin arc was built. Although clearly support a Philippine Sea plate origin. The isotopic signature of the inner trench slope samples

  20. The Central Basin Spreading Center in the Philippine Sea: Structure of an extinct spreading center and implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okino, Kyoko

    The Central Basin Spreading Center in the Philippine Sea: Structure of an extinct spreading center of the West Philippine Basin (WPB), display along-axis variations of spreading style. We have described, seafloor morphology, extinct spreading center, Philippine Sea Citation: Okino, K., and K. Fujioka

  1. Seismic anisotropy in the wedge above the Philippine Sea slab beneath Kanto and southwest Japan derived from shear wave splitting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seno, Tetsuzo

    Seismic anisotropy in the wedge above the Philippine Sea slab beneath Kanto and southwest Japan generated by shallow and intermediate-depth earthquakes occurring in the subducting Philippine Sea are further divided into PHS1 and PHS2 (upper and lower planes of the double seismic zone in the Philippine

  2. Dipolar redistribution of summertime tropical cyclone genesis between the Philippine Sea and the northern South China Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    the Philippine Sea and the northern South China Sea and its possible mechanisms JooHong Kim,1 ChangHoi Ho,2 March 2010. [1] Recent observational records show that the dipole oscillation between the Philippine Sea redistribution of summertime tropical cyclone genesis between the Philippine Sea and the northern South China Sea

  3. STERN AND BLOOMER Figure 1. Tectonic and physiographic map of the Philippine Sea, Mariana Arc, and sur-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    #12;STERN AND BLOOMER Figure 1. Tectonic and physiographic map of the Philippine Sea, Mariana Arc was composed of trapped oceanic crust. They noted that the magnetic anomalies of the West Philippine Basin with the spreadingdirection identified for the West Philippine Basin (Hilde and Lee, 1984).Second, the oldest crust, every

  4. Low-frequency western Pacific Ocean sea level and circulation changes due to the connectivity of the Philippine Archipelago

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Bo

    of the Philippine Archipelago Wei Zhuang,1 Bo Qiu,2 and Yan Du1 Received 26 August 2013; revised 18 November 2013 changes associated with the oceanic connectivity around the Philippine Archipelago are studied using-driven baroclinic Rossby waves impinge on the eastern Philippine coast and excite coastal Kelvin waves, conveying

  5. The North Pacific Acoustic Laboratory deep-water acoustic propagation experiments in the Philippine Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frandsen, Jannette B.

    The North Pacific Acoustic Laboratory deep-water acoustic propagation experiments in the Philippine in the Philippine Sea during 2009­2011 investigated deep-water acoustic propagation and ambient noise of spanning the water column in the deep ocean. The acoustic transmissions and ambient noise were also

  6. New cave-dwelling pseudocyclopiids (Copepoda, Calanoida, Pseudocyclopiidae) from the Balearic, Canary, and Philippine archipelagos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    ; anchialine caves; Balearic Islands; Canary Islands; Philippines. INTRODUCTION Calanoids in the family on the Canary Islands is also reported and discussed. The swimming habits of the latter spe- cies are concisely the Balearic, Canary, and Philippine archipelagos Damià Jaume, Audun Fosshagen & Thomas M. Iliffe Jaume D

  7. United States-Philippines bases agreements: prospect for its renewal. Research report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahimer, S.M.

    1988-05-01

    Remarks on the problems and issues related to the United States-Philippines Bases Agreement and prospect for its renewal are included namely: analysis of the provisions of the new Philippine Constitution; ASEAN perspective on the bases; US policy on nuclear weapons and its interest and options; Philippine interests and priorities, including alternate plans to compensate for the possible withdrawal of the US from the Philippines; and then an assessment of the effects of these factors on the renewal of the Bases Agreement. There are difficulties and barriers to the renewal of the said Agreement posed by conflicting policies of both parties and also due to divergent views on priorities, constitutional processes of both countries, and time constraints for concluding an agreement. However there are options for the United States regarding the problem, depending upon the desired level of its presence in Asia/Pacific region and how central the Philippine bases are to US national security interests.

  8. Radar imagery interpretation to assess the hydrocarbon potential of four sites in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-11-17

    The Republic of the Philippines is intensely interested in the identification, development, and conservation of natural resources. In keeping with this, the Government of the Philippines has recently completed a nationwide sedimentary basin evaluation program to assess hydrocarbon potential and assist in future exploration activities. This program of collection and interpretation of the radar imagery was designed to augment and complement the existing data base. The primary objective of the project was to further the goals of international energy development by aiding the Republic of the Philippines in the assessment of potential petroleum and geothermal prospects within the areas imaged. Secondary goals were to assist the Republic of the Philippines in utilizing state-of-the-art radar remote sensing technology for resource exploration, and to train key Philippines scientists in the use of imaging radar data. 29 refs., 30 figs., 14 tabs.

  9. Radar imagery interpretation to provide information about several geothermal sites in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-11-17

    The Republic of the Philippines is intensely interested in the identification, development, and conservation of natural resources. In keeping with this, the Government of the Philippines has recently completed a nation-wide sedimentary basin evaluation program to assess hydrocarbon potential and assist in future exploration activities. This program of collection and interpretation of the radar imagery was designed to augment and complement the existing data base. The primary objective of the project was to further the goals of international energy development by aiding the Republic of the Philippines in the assessment of potential geothermal and petroleum prospects within the areas imaged. Secondary goals were to assist the Republic of the Philippines in utilizing state-of-the-art radar remote sensing technology for resource exploration, and to train key Philippines scientists in the use of imaging radar data. 7 refs., 20 figs., 2 tabs.

  10. Petroleum Service Projects in the Gulf of Guinea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ken-Worgu, Kenneth Chukwumeka

    2011-10-21

    Liquefied Natural Gas Company FPSO Floating Production Storage and Offloading Vessel GMD Group Managing Director GOG Gulf of Guinea KRW Korean Won KW Kilowatts LNG Liquefied Natural Gas TAMU Texas A&M University MMIE Ministry of Mines, Industry... .............................................................. 103 6.7 Nontechnical Challenges .......................................................... 104 VII INSULATION PROJECT ON AGBAMI FPSO ................................. 106 7.1 Background on Envirocage...

  11. The development of nuclear energy in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aleta, C. )

    1992-01-01

    The paper traces the development of nuclear energy in the Philippines and outlines the program on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy in the country as well as the problems and prospects of nuclear energy development. Nuclear power is at a standstill but the other areas of nuclear energy development are underway. The projects on the application of nuclear energy in agriculture, industry, public health and safety, are being pursued. Technology transfer to end users is sometimes hampered by public acceptance issues, such as irradiated food being believed to become radioactive, dislike with anything associated with radiation, and plain inherent fear of nuclear energy.

  12. Reservoir analysis of the Palinpinon geothermal field, Negros Oriental, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amistoso, A.E.; Aquino, B.G.; Aunzo, Z.P.; Jordan, O.T.; Ana, F.X.M.S.; Bodvarsson, G.S.; Doughty, C.

    1993-10-01

    The Philippine National Oil Company and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory have conducted an informal cooperative project on the reservoir evaluation of the Palinpinon geothermal field in the Philippines. The work involved the development of various numerical models of the field in order to understand the observed data. A three-dimensional porous medium model of the reservoir has been developed that matches well the observed pressure declines and enthalpy transients of the wells. Submodels representing the reservoir as a fractured porous medium were developed for the analysis of chemical transport of chlorides within the reservoir and the movement of the cold water front away from injection wells. These models indicate that the effective porosity of the reservoir varies between 1 and 7% and the effective permeability between 1 and 45 millidarcies. The numerical models were used to predict the future performance of the Palinpinon reservoir using various possible exploitation scenarios. A limited number of make-up wells were allocated to each sector of the field. When all the make-up wells had been put on line, power production gradually began to decline. The model indicates that under the assumed conditions it will not be possible to maintain the planned power production of 112.5 MWe at Palinpinon I and 80 MWe at Palinpinon II for the next 30 years, but the decline in power output will be within acceptable normal operating capacities of the plants.

  13. Update on petroleum exploration activities in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salcedo, B.H.C.; Bausa, G.J.G.; Ocampo. I.U.

    1996-01-01

    The first significant event in Philippine Petroleum exploration dates back to 1896 with the drilling of Toledo-1 in Cebu by Smith Bell. From the 1950's to the 1970's, widespread exploration activities were carried out but it was only eighty years after the first oil drilling in 1896 that oil was finally discovered in commercial quantity in Northwest Palawan. This could be attributed to the fact that serious exploration for petroleum was made with the enactment of Presidential Decree No. 87, better known as the [open quotes]Oil Exploration and Development Act of 1972[close quotes], which takes into effect the current Service Contract System. Amendments to P.D. No. 87 is underway to further improve its incentive package and make it more attractive to explorationists. Petroleum exploration in the Philippines continues to be an energetic industry even if the players are not always rewarded with finds. Frontier areas have become attractive for exploration in view of the continuing research studies resulting to increased database thereat. While Northwest Palawan continues to be the hub of action, frontier areas as well as the more risky deepwater acreages still generate interests, if one wishes to be an active player in a growing energy-hungry economy.

  14. Visayan Basin - the birthplace of Philippine petroleum exploration revisited

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rillera, F.G. ); Durkee, E.F. )

    1994-07-01

    Petroleum exploration in the Philippines has its roots in the Visayan Basin in the central Philippines. This is a Tertiary basin with up to 30,000 ft of sedimentary fill. With numerous surface oil and gas manifestations known as early as 1888, the area was the site of the first attempts to establish commercial petroleum production in the country. Over the past 100 years, more than 200 wells have been drilled in the basin. Several of these have yielded significant oil and gas shows. Production, albeit noncommercial in scale, has been demonstrated to be present in some places. A review of past exploration data reveals that many of the earlier efforts failed due to poorly located tests from both structural and stratigraphic standpoints. Poor drilling and completion technology and lack of funding compounded the problems of early explorationists. Because of this, the basin remains relatively underexplored. A recent assessment by COPLEX and E.F. Durkee and Associates demonstrates the presence of many untested prospects in the basin. These prospects may contain recoverable oil and gas potential on the order of 5 to 10 MMBO onshore and 25 to 100 MMBO offshore. With new exploration ideas, innovative development concepts, and the benefit of modern technology, commercial oil and gas production from the basin may yet be realized.

  15. Update on petroleum exploration activities in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salcedo, B.H.C.; Bausa, G.J.G.; Ocampo. I.U.

    1996-12-31

    The first significant event in Philippine Petroleum exploration dates back to 1896 with the drilling of Toledo-1 in Cebu by Smith & Bell. From the 1950`s to the 1970`s, widespread exploration activities were carried out but it was only eighty years after the first oil drilling in 1896 that oil was finally discovered in commercial quantity in Northwest Palawan. This could be attributed to the fact that serious exploration for petroleum was made with the enactment of Presidential Decree No. 87, better known as the {open_quotes}Oil Exploration and Development Act of 1972{close_quotes}, which takes into effect the current Service Contract System. Amendments to P.D. No. 87 is underway to further improve its incentive package and make it more attractive to explorationists. Petroleum exploration in the Philippines continues to be an energetic industry even if the players are not always rewarded with finds. Frontier areas have become attractive for exploration in view of the continuing research studies resulting to increased database thereat. While Northwest Palawan continues to be the hub of action, frontier areas as well as the more risky deepwater acreages still generate interests, if one wishes to be an active player in a growing energy-hungry economy.

  16. Geothermal energy development in the Philippines: An overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sussman, D.; Javellana, S.P.; Benavidez, P.J.

    1993-10-01

    The Philippines is the third largest producer of geothermal electricity after the US and Mexico. Geothermal exploration was started in 1962, and the first large commercial power plants came on-line in 1979 in two fields. By 1984, four geothermal fields had a combined installed capacity of 890 MWe and in 1992 these plants supplied about 20% of the country`s electric needs. Geothermal energy development was stimulated in the mid-1970s by the oil crisis and rapidly growing power demand, government support, available foreign funding, and a combination of private and government investment and technical expertise. However, no new geothermal capacity has been added since 1984, despite the growing demand for energy and the continuing uncertainty in the supply of crude oil. The Philippines` geothermal capacity is expected to expand by 270--1,100 MWe by the end of 1999. Factors that will affect the rate growth in this decade include suitable legislation, environmental requirements, financing, degree of private involvement, politics, inter-island electric grid connections, and viability of the remaining prospects.

  17. Philippine Wind Farm Analysis and Site Selection Analysis, 1 January 2000 - 31 December 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conover, K.

    2001-12-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), has been working in partnership with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) in an ongoing process to quantify the Philippine wind energy potential and foster wind farm development. As part of that process, NREL retained Global Energy Concepts, LLC (GEC) to review and update the policy needs as well as develop a site-screening process applicable for the Philippines. GEC worked closely with the Philippines National Power Corporation (NPC) in completing this work. This report provides the results of the policy needs and site selection analyses conducted by GEC.

  18. Amphibians and reptiles, Romblon Island Group, central Philippines: comprehensive herpetofaunal inventory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Rafe M.

    2012-01-01

    We present results from several recent herpetological surveys in the Romblon Island Group (RIG), Romblon Province, central Philippines. Together with a summary of historical museum records, our data document the occurrence of 55 species...

  19. Understanding the Politics and Processes of Introducing Sustainable Livelihoods on the island of Malapascua, Philippines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Innocenzi, Livia

    2014-11-27

    This study stems from the research and work that was carried out in Malapascua, Philippines, with a local organization. This consisted of designing and implementing sustainable livelihood strategies to increase environmental awareness, improve...

  20. Imperial vision: William Howard Taft and the Philippines, 1900-1921 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Adam David

    2010-01-01

    This thesis seeks to establish William H. Taft’s influence over the U.S. experiment with empire in the Philippines. It shows how a politician who is often characterised as a loyal servant of Theodore Roosevelt, at least ...

  1. A natural experiment: the commercial transformation of a medium range town in the Philippines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matejowsky, Ty Stephens

    1995-01-01

    The Philippine market town of Dagupan City has recently experienced a substantial transformation in its trade community. This thesis examines the effects the introduction of new retail institutions have had on the town especially among local traders...

  2. Multiscale Physical and Biological Dynamics in the Philippine Archipelago: Predictions and Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lermusiaux, Pierre F. J.

    The Philippine Archipelago is remarkable because of its complex geometry, with multiple islands and passages, and its multiscale dynamics, from the large-scale open-ocean and atmospheric forcing, to the strong tides and ...

  3. Taxonomy is important in conservation: a preliminary reassessment of Philippine species-level bird taxonomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend

    2006-01-01

    careful analysis. In this paper, I develop a first-pass assessment of Philippine bird taxonomy under an alternative species concept, and compare the results with the traditional biological species concept lists. Differences between the two lists were...

  4. What are the business and regulatory factors for a successful Philippine REIT market?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenceslao, Delfin C

    2008-01-01

    In an attempt to determine what business and regulatory factors are required for the successful establishment of a Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) structure in the Philippines, we analyzed the macro and microeconomic ...

  5. A landslide risk rating system for the Baguio City, Philippines area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldivar-Sali, Artessa Niccola D., 1980-

    2004-01-01

    This research formulates a LANDSLIDE RISK RATING SYSTEM for the Greater Baguio area in the Philippines. It is hoped that the tool will be made a part of the physical/urban planning process when used by engineers and planners ...

  6. Energy Demand and Fuel Supply in Developing Countries Brazil, Korea and the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant A.

    1984-01-01

    1980. COUNTRY REPORT BRAZIL TRENDS OF ENERGY USE I N BRAZILBRAZIL KOREA PHILIPPINES INTRODUCTION During the 1970s, energyENERGY DEMAND AND FUEL SUPPLY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES BRAZIL,

  7. Made for export : labor migration, state power, and higher education in a developing Philippine economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruiz, Neil G

    2014-01-01

    Development scholars, heavily influenced by the cases of the four Asian Tigers (Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan), have attributed success in economic development to education. Although the Philippines seemed ...

  8. The Presidential Veil of Administrative Authority over Foreign-Financed Public Contracts in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desierto, Diane A.

    2009-01-01

    Philippine Mining Development Corporation from the Office ofUbac, "Mining out of DENR; now under President's office",office, and in the process she exhibits no qualms about under- mining

  9. Planning and management of the Nido Reef Complex Oil Field development, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harry, R.Y.

    1981-01-01

    As Operator for the Northeast Palawan consortium, Philippines-Cities Service, Inc., commenced the Philippines first commercial offshore oil production from the Nido Reef Complex Oil Field on February 1, 1979, some 11 months after a decision by management to start development. The relative speed at which design, fabrication, and construction were accomplished is attributed to the use of the concepts of project planning, task force approach, and project management. This paper presents the above concepts as applied to the Nido Complex.

  10. A Flood of Immigration: Japanese Immigration to the Philippines 1900-1941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Grant K.

    2011-08-29

    “A Flood of Immigration” Japanese Immigration to the Philippines 1900-1941 Grant K. Goodman Professor Emeritus, History University of Kansas ISBN 978-1-936153-07-7 http://hdl.handle.net/1808/7984 Copyright.... 2 “A FLOOD OF IMMIGRATION” 1 A rarity among Asian lands, the Philippines had large areas of potentially agriculturally productive land remaining uncultivated. Thus with great potential resources, broad habitable areas open for settlement...

  11. Management of Philippine tropical forests: Implications to global warming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lasco, R.D.

    1997-12-31

    The first part of the paper presents the massive changes in tropical land management in the Philippines as a result of a {open_quotes}paradigm shift{close_quotes} in forestry. The second part of the paper analyzes the impacts of the above management strategies on global warming, in general, preserved forests are neither sinks not sources of greenhouse gasses (GHG). Reforestation activities are primarily net sinks of carbon specially the use of fast growing reforestation species. Estimates are given for the carbon-sequestering ability of some commonly used species. The last part of the paper policy recommendations and possible courses of action by the government to maximize the role of forest lands in the mitigation of global warming. Private sector initiatives are also explored.

  12. Role of nuclear power in the Philippine power development program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aleta, C.R.

    1994-12-31

    The reintroduction of nuclear power in the Philippines is favored by several factors such as: the inclusion of nuclear energy in the energy sector of the science and technology agenda for national development (STAND); the Large gap between electricity demand and available local supply for the medium-term power development plan; the relatively lower health risks in nuclear power fuel cycle systems compared to the already acceptable power systems; the lower environmental impacts of nuclear power systems compared to fossil fuelled systems and the availability of a regulatory framework and trained personnel who could form a core for implementing a nuclear power program. The electricity supply gap of 9600 MW for the period 1993-2005 could be partly supplied by nuclear power. The findings of a recent study are described, as well as the issues that have to be addressed in the reintroduction of nuclear power.

  13. Reuse of secondhand TVs exported from Japan to the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoshida, Aya; Terazono, Atsushi

    2010-06-15

    The trade of secondhand electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) from developed to developing countries has become a growing environmental issue owing to concerns about improper recycling of these goods in developing countries. We followed a 12-m cargo container of cathode-ray-tube color TVs exported from Japan to the Philippines in February 2008. We surveyed the number of TVs damaged in transport, as well as the number of malfunctioning TVs from this shipment. In addition, we present the results of interviews with 113 Filipino consumers who intended to buy secondhand EEE at nine secondhand shops in Metro Manila. Approximately 3% of the imported TVs were damaged upon arrival. The importer sold some of the units directly to local dealers, and kept the rest to repair, refurbish and resell. Approximately 40% of the imported TVs malfunctioned and needed repair in addition to basic reconditioning. Most interviewees indicated that they prefer to buy secondhand EEE because the prices are lower than those of brand-new products. Consumers indicated that they planned on using the product for an average of about 5 years, but the actual period of use may be lower. Most end-of-life EEE in the Philippines is dismantled and recycled by unregulated companies and untrained individuals in markets or near landfill sites, and it is clear that a proper collection system and treatment methods are needed for e-waste. In addition to the material flow of secondhand TVs, we also discuss several economic aspects and appropriate control measures of the international reuse of secondhand TVs.

  14. Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon/14/2008 12:55:54 PM] #12;Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Volume ('000 m3 import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea Reports (commissioned

  15. Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe site) and Amazonia (24 ± 1.7 species), but was significantly lower in Europe (8 ± 0.8 species dominated in Europe, whereas New Guinea exhibited an intermediate pattern with both local and widespread

  16. TKD00018 ACM (Typeset by SPi, Manila, Philippines) 1 of 24 February 23, 2011 14:6 HADI: Mining Radii of Large Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    TKD00018 ACM (Typeset by SPi, Manila, Philippines) 1 of 24 February 23, 2011 14:6 8 HADI: Mining, Publication date: February 2011. #12;TKD00018 ACM (Typeset by SPi, Manila, Philippines) 2 of 24 February 23

  17. Guinea-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERC Hydroelectric Projects | OpenGuinea-USAID Climate

  18. Philippine Marine Fisheries Catches: A Bottom-up Reconstruction, 1950-2010, Palomares, MLD and Pauly, D (eds.) Reconstructed marine fisheries catches of the Philippines, 1950-2010101

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauly, Daniel

    Philippine Marine Fisheries Catches: A Bottom-up Reconstruction, 1950-2010, Palomares, MLD.L.D. Palomares and D. Pauly Sea Around Us, Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver BC, V6T 1Z4; Email: m.palomares@fisheries.ubc.ca; d.pauly@fisheries.ubc.ca Abstract

  19. NEW RECORDS OF ACANTHOCEPHALANS FROM BIRDS IN THE PHILIPPINES WITH A DESCRIPTION OF A NEW PORRORCHIS SPECIES AND IDENTIFICATION KEYS FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Dale H.

    #12;NEW RECORDS OF ACANTHOCEPHALANS FROM BIRDS IN THE PHILIPPINES WITH A DESCRIPTION OF A NEW), and Porrorchis centropusi and Porrorchis kinsellai n. sp., both from Philippine scops owls (Otus megalotis), are reported from Aurora Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Porrorchis kinsellai n. sp. can be readily

  20. Development potential of the Dauin geothermal prospect, Negros Oriental, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bayrante, L.F.; Hermoso, D.Z.; Candelaria, M.R.

    1997-12-31

    The Dauin geothermal prospect, situated 5 km southeast of the Palinpinon I and II sectors, was drilled between 1982 and 1983 to test its viability for development. Drilling results indicated that DN-1 was drilled closer to the source region than DN-2 where permeability, temperature, and alteration mineralogy were generally unpromising. DN-1 encountered temperatures of at least 240{degrees}C and a neutral-pH fluid with reservoir chloride of 3000 mg/kg. In particular, the presence of sulphur in the DN-1 discharge provoked debates and many speculation on the nature of the fluid in the area. The area was re-evaluated in 1996 for the following reasons: (1) Renewed interests on other geothermal prospects within Negros Island from an economic point of view and the success of modular plant developments are Pal II and other areas in the Philippines; (2) Reinterpretation of the genesis of sulphur contained in the DN-1 discharge fluid; (3) Encouraging temperature, permeability and neutral-pH alterations at depth and the neutral character of DN-1 discharge fluid; and (4) Reinterpretation of the hydrological model from a geochemical and geological point of view. The study indicates good potential for modular power development.

  1. Earthquake design criteria for small hydro projects in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, P.P.; McCandless, D.H.; Asce, M.

    1995-12-31

    The definition of the seismic environment and seismic design criteria of more than twenty small hydro projects in the northern part of the island of Luzon in the Philippines took a special urgency on the wake of the Magnitude 7.7 earthquake that shook the island on July 17, 1990. The paper describes the approach followed to determine design shaking level criteria at each hydro site consistent with the seismic environment estimated at that same site. The approach consisted of three steps: (1) Seismicity: understanding the mechanisms and tectonic features susceptible to generate seismicity and estimating the associated seismicity levels, (2) Seismic Hazard: in the absence of an accurate historical record, using statistics to determine the expected level of ground shaking at a site during the operational 100-year design life of each Project, and (3) Criteria Selection: finally and most importantly, exercising judgment in estimating the final proposed level of shaking at each site. The resulting characteristics of estimated seismicity and seismic hazard and the proposed final earthquake design criteria are provided.

  2. An Overview of Geothermal Development in Tiwi and Mak-Ban, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raasch, G.D.

    1980-12-16

    Commercial-scale geothermal development in the Philippines began i n 1972 with the completion of the discovery well in the southeastern portion of Luzon Island. A second geothermal anomaly was discovered i n 1975 on the southern flank of Mt . Makiling, forty miles south of Manila. Both fields are being developed and operated by Philippine Geothermal, Inc. (PGI) , a wholly-owned subsidiary of Union Oil Company of California. Currently the Philippines ranks second worldwide in installed geothermal-powered electrical generation capacity with 443 MW and PGI has developed 440 PW of the 443 MW country total. Additional generation capacity is planned or under construction in both fields. Over 1.9 billion kilowatt-hours of electrical power have been produced to date. This represents a savings of approximately three million barrels of imported fuel oil for power generation.

  3. Preliminary Report on the Feeding Habits of Tunas in the Gulf of Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and 72 skipjack tuna ( Katsuwonus pelamis ), captured in the Gulf of Guinea, contained mostly fishes ( Katsuwonus pelamis) are shown in figure 1. During the surveys, 171 yellowfin and 72 skipjack tunas were

  4. A Pilot Study of Uterine Artery Embolization with Tris-Acryl Gelatin Microspheres in Guinea Pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhuang Wenquan; Tan Guosheng; Guo Wenbo, E-mail: patrickguo2008@163.com [The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Department of Interventional Radiology (China); Yang Jianyong [The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Department of Radiology (China)

    2012-06-15

    Objective: This study was designed to establish guinea pigs as an animal model for uterine artery embolization (UAE) with tris-acryl gelatin microspheres (TAGM). Methods: Twenty-five female adult guinea pigs were randomly divided into two groups, including a uterine artery casting mould group (n = 10) and a UAE group (n = 15). Pelvic angiography and vascular casting mould were performed in the first group. The anatomical characters of the pelvic cavity in guinea pigs were described. In the second group, the technical feasibility of performing UAE with TAGM in guinea pigs was investigated. The histopathological slides of the uterus of guinea pigs after UAE were examined to inspect the outcomes of UAE. Results: The uterine artery springs from the internal iliac artery, ascends tortuously along the cervix, and gives off vertically 8-10 branches to the cervix uteri and uterine horns. The diameters of the trunk of the uterine artery and its first branch were 0.32 {+-} 0.027 mm and 0.14 {+-} 0.01 mm, respectively. For UAE animals, the dosages of 40-120 and 100-300 {mu}m TAGM were 0.033 {+-} 0.003 ml and 0.015 {+-} 0.002 ml, respectively. On histopathological slides, embosphere particles were found in the first branches of the uterine artery, the subserous arteries, and the intramural arteries. Inflammatory reactions in the uterus were common in guinea pigs after UAE. Local or dispersed areas of necrosis in uterus also were observed in a few guinea pigs. Conclusions: Guinea pigs are an appropriate and feasible model for UAE with TAGM.

  5. Seismic tomography constraints on reconstructing the Philippine Sea Plate and its margin 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handayani, Lina

    2005-02-17

    ............................................................. 42 Mariana Subduction Zone.............................................................. 43 Philippine Subduction Zone........................................................... 43 Java Subduction Zone.................................. 38 3.5 P-wave seismic tomography cross sections across Japan (C), Izu-Bonin(D), Mariana (E) and Java (F)......................................... 39 3.6 Tomography cross sections 1 to 5...

  6. Nutritional significance and acceptance of solar-dried foods of rural Leyte Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swanson, M.A.

    1987-01-01

    Training in solar dryer construction and food preservation was provided to villagers in three barangays in rural Leyte, Philippines. A 24 hour dietary recall assessed dietary status of the women prior to the solar dried food intervention. Nutrients of greatest dietary concern were thiamine, vitamin A, riboflavin, iron and energy.

  7. Radar imagery interpretation to assess the hydrocarbon potential of four sites in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-11-17

    The Government of the Republic of the Philippines has invited new bids from international companies to explore for oil and gas in onshore and offshore sedimentary basins. To assist the private oil industry in the evaluation of the petroleum potential of these basins, the Government, with the assistance of a loan from the World Bank has completed a nation-wide basin evaluation program. The primary objective of the project is to further the goals of international energy development by aiding the Republic of the Philippines in the assessment of potential petroleum prospects within the areas imaged by radar. Secondary goals are to assist the Republic of the Philippines in utilizing state-of-the-art radar remote sensing technology for resource exploration, and to train key Philippines scientists in the use of imaging radar data. Geologic maps were prepared for each petroleum prospect region and are included in this report. A discussion on radar principles, lithography, and stratigraphy of the areas is also included. 29 refs., 27 figs., 12 tabs.

  8. The Gender Ideological Clash in Globalization: Women, Migration, and the Modernization Building Project of the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parreñ as, Rhacel Salazar

    2007-01-01

    . This clash emerges from the economic dependency of the Philippines on women s work outside the home on the one hand, and a longstanding gender ideology that continues to locate women s gender responsibilities inside the home on the other hand. The dependence...

  9. Economic and Financial Feasibility of Wind Energy -Case Study of Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economic and Financial Feasibility of Wind Energy - Case Study of Philippines Jyoti Prasad Painuly), can help project make viable in this case. 1 Introduction Wind energy has been one of the most., indicating viability of wind energy for entrepreneurs in developing countries as well. There are varying

  10. Systematic notes on the Philippine slow loris, Nycticebus coucang menagensis (Lydekker, 1893) (Primates: Lorisidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timm, Robert M.; Birney, Elmer C.

    1992-12-01

    The slow loris described as menagensis (genus Nycticebus), which was collected as part of the Menage Scientific Expedition to the Philippines in the early 1890s by Frank S. Bourns and Dean C. Worcester, has had a wide variety of problems associated...

  11. Monsoon surges trigger oceanic eddy formation and propagation in the lee of the Philippine Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with eddies that form in the lee of the Cabo Verde and Canary Islands [Chavanne et al., 2002; Sangra et al., 2007]. The Hawaii, Cabo Verde and Canary Islands are located in the trades where winds have typicalMonsoon surges trigger oceanic eddy formation and propagation in the lee of the Philippine Islands

  12. Recommendations for at-risk water supplies in Capiz Province, Philippines : using water source and community assessments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick, Jessica Molly

    2010-01-01

    The following thesis is part of a larger project which began in response to a request by the Provincial Health Office (PHO) in Capiz Province, Philippines for expert advice to support its drinking water quality testing ...

  13. Amphibians and Reptiles, Luzon Island, Aurora Province and Aurora Memorial National Park, Northern Philippines: New island distribution records

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Rafe M.

    2011-01-01

    We report 35 new amphibian and reptile distribution records for two regions within the southern Sierra Madre Mountain Range, Aurora Province, central Luzon Island, Philippines. Together with results of our previous survey work in Aurora, our new...

  14. Analysis of Coconut-Derived Biodiesel and Conventional Diesel Fuel Samples from the Philippines: Task 2 Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alleman, T. L.; McCormick, R. L.

    2006-01-01

    NREL tested Philippines coconut biodiesel samples of neat and blended fuels. Results show that the current fuel quality standards were met with very few exceptions. Additional testing is recommended.

  15. Report on a mission to the Philippines regarding the opportunities for private investment in geothermal power generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01

    The Philippines has a rich potential for geothermal energy development, according to the assessment of opportunities for U.S. private investment in the sector. Areas covered in detail are the Philippines' geothermal resources, the legal structure of the geothermal industry, conditions acting as stimuli to geothermal power generation, and interest in private geothermal investment. Major finding are as follows. (1) The Philippine geothermal power industry is the world's second largest. (2) Geothermal resources are owned by the Government of the Philippines and a complex legal structure governs their exploitation. (3) Since the Philippines is poor in most energy resources (e.g., coal, oil, and gas), use of geothermal energy is necessary. (4) Despite legal and structural obstacles, various foreign private enterprises are interested in participating in geothermal development. Two possible options for U.S. investors are presented: a joint venture with the National Oil Company, and negotiation of a service contract, either alone or with a Philippine partner, for a concession on land administered by the Office of Energy Affairs.

  16. Sources and management of hazardous waste in Papua New Guinea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, K.

    1996-12-31

    Papua New Guinea (PNG) has considerable mineral wealth, especially in gold and copper. Large-scale mining takes place, and these activities are the source of most of PNG`s hazardous waste. Most people live in small farming communities throughout the region. Those living adjacent to mining areas have experienced some negative impacts from river ecosystem damage and erosion of their lands. Industry is centered mainly in urban areas and Generates waste composed of various products. Agricultural products, pesticide residues, and chemicals used for preserving timber and other forestry products also produce hazardous waste. Most municipal waste comes from domestic and commercial premises; it consists mainly of combustibles, noncombustibles, and other wastes. Hospitals generate pathogenic organisms, radioactive materials, and chemical and pharmaceutical laboratory waste. Little is known about the actual treatment of waste before disposal in PNG. Traditional low-cost waste disposal methods are usually practiced, such as use of landfills; storage in surface impoundments; and disposal in public sewers, rivers, and the sea. Indiscriminate burning of domestic waste in backyards is also commonly practiced in urban and rural areas. 10 refs., 4 tabs.

  17. Protein A suppresses immune responses during Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection in guinea pigs

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kim, Hwan Keun; Falugi, Fabiana; Thomer, Lena; Missiakas, Dominique M.; Schneewind, Olaf

    2015-01-06

    Staphylococcus aureus infection is not associated with the development of protective immunity, and disease relapses occur frequently. We hypothesize that protein A, a factor that binds immunoglobulin Fc? and cross-links VH3 clan B cell receptors (IgM), is the staphylococcal determinant for host immune suppression. To test this, vertebrate IgM was examined for protein A cross-linking. High VH3 binding activity occurred with human and guinea immunoglobulin, whereas mouse and rabbit immunoglobulins displayed little and no binding, respectively. Establishing a guinea pig model of S. aureus bloodstream infection, we show that protein A functions as a virulence determinant and suppresses host Bmore »cell responses. Immunization with SpAKKAA, which cannot bind immunoglobulin, elicits neutralizing antibodies that enable guinea pigs to develop protective immunity.« less

  18. Philippines: Environment and natural resource management study. World Bank country study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-01-01

    This study addresses the most significant issues of natural-resource management in the Philippines. These include the disappearence or degradation of forests; erosion and changes in hydrological regimes; the conversion of mangrove swamps to fishponds; degradation of coral reefs; and depletion of nearshore fisheries through overfishing and destructive techniques. The issues addressed concern the extent and rate of degradation of these resource stocks, the impact thereof on the national economy, and the scope for ameliorative measures through policy responses, management changes, and investments. The Government is responsible for management of public resources, which include over half of the land area of the Philippines as well as the coastal waters. Historically, public management has been less than optimal, as evidenced by an unsustainable rate of deforestation and the recent stagnation or decline in extractive fisheries.

  19. Energy policy and economic development in the Philippines, 1973-2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bensel, T.G.; Harriss, R.C.

    1995-12-31

    This paper reviews energy policy and energy-economy interactions in the Philippines since 1973 and presents projections of energy development and use to the year 2000. Dependent on imported oil for over 90 percent of its commercial energy requirements in 1973, the Philippines initiated one of the most aggressive energy development and conservation programs in the developing world. Energy and oil intensities of the economy were reduced, and domestic coal, hydroelectric, geothermal and biomass resources were developed to meet nearly half of commercial energy requirements by 1985. Low world oil prices and domestic political developments combined to reverse trends in the energy sector after 1985. Imported oil dependence grew again to 70 percent by 1992, and an electric power crisis became the focus of government energy policy. An innovative private power development program has helped reduce power shortages and is expected to account for the bulk of needed capacity expansion into the next century.

  20. Mathematical modeling of silica deposition in Tongonan-I reinjection wells, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malate, R.C.M.; O`Sullivan, M.J.

    1993-10-01

    Mathematical models of silica deposition are derived using the method of characteristics for the problem of variable rate injection into a well producing radially symmetric flow. Solutions are developed using the first order rate equation of silica deposition suggested by Rimstidt and Barnes (1980). The changes in porosity and permeability resulting from deposition are included in the models. The models developed are successfully applied in simulating the changes in injection capacity in some of the reinjection wells in Tongonan geothermal field, Philippines.

  1. Energy plantations in the Republic of the Philippines. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Durst, P.B.

    1987-07-01

    Development and management of plantations to support wood-energy programs have been aggressively promoted in the Philippines since 1979. Over 60,000 hectares of energy plantations have been planted under government-supported programs. The paper documents the problems and accomplishments of these programs and describes plantation establishment, maintenance, protection, growth and yield, harvesting, and wood transport. Research priorities for improving energy-farm operations are also suggested.

  2. Opportunities for Small Geothermal Projects: Rural Power for Latin America, the Caribbean, and the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vimmerstedt, L.

    1998-11-30

    The objective of this report is to provide information on small geothermal project (less than 5 MW) opportunities in Latin America, the Caribbean, and the Philippines. This overview of issues facing small geothermal projects is intended especially for those who are not already familiar with small geothermal opportunities. This is a summary of issues and opportunities and serves as a starting point in determining next steps to develop this market.

  3. The infectivity of Bunostomum phlebotomum to sheep, rabbits and guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boring, Gary David

    1964-01-01

    THE INFECT1VITY OP BUNOSTOMUM PHLEBOTOMUM TO SHEEP, RABBITS AND GUINEA PIGS A Thesis By GARY DAVID BORING Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1964 Ma]or Sub)cot: Veterinary Parasitology THE INFECTIVITY OF BUNOSTOMUM PHLEBOTOMUM TO SHEEP~ RABBITS AND GUINEA PIGS A Thesis By GARY DAVID BORING Approved as to style and content by: i Ma (Chairman of Committee) /7 ~ 3...

  4. Demonstration of anaerobic biogas digesters in developing countries. Part III. The Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simpson, M.H.; Morales, E.C.

    1980-03-01

    The main theme of this series of articles is that ours is now a world-wide society, short on meeting needs for energy yet long on waste from our industrial, agricultural and human consumption processes. This is a study report about developments in the Philippines where waste management has been recognized and considered as an important practical source of energy. This is revealed by several reports of the number of biogas plants in operation in this country. According to the July 31, 1977 survey made by the Philippines Bureau of Animal Industries, 200 biogas plants were then installed and in operation of which 46 were government-owned and 154 privately-owned. More have been installed since then. This report presents some of the operating observations and developments from the joint engineering analyses project of the Philippines Bureau of Animal Industry, Man and the Biosphere Inter-Agency Committee on Ecological Studies, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources and the National Institute of Science and Technology. The project's main objective was to show that establishing a biogas plant involves not only the production of a methane gas mixture but the integration of its other products as part of a system (i.e., using effluent water from the biogas digester for production of algae chlorell sp. for livestock and poultry feed, production of fish and fertilizing-irrigating of pasture and vegetable plots.). Housing development sewer systems with added biogas generators are also discussed.

  5. The size distribution of conspeci c populations: the peoples of New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The size distribution of conspeci c populations: the peoples of New Guinea Vojtech Novotny1, Department of Biology, Brafova 7, 701 03 Ostrava, Czech Republic The size distribution of the language analogous to the resource division models of species abun- dance distribution in ecological communities

  6. Biomass resource potential for selected crops in Hawaii. [Koa haole (giant leucaena); napier and guinea grass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seki, A.

    1982-06-01

    The biomass crops selected for review were koa haole (giant leucaena), napier and guinea grass, and eucalyptus (saligna, grandis, and globulus). The islands examined were Hawaii, Kauai, Maui, and Molokai. The potential land acreage for growing these crops was estimated grossly. As anticipated, the island of Hawaii had the largest land potential with eucalyptus having the greatest potential land acreage.

  7. SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary

    SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA: THE MODELING. This sediment flows from the Ok Tedi to the Fly River, eventually reaching the Gulf of Papua. This document River. The second author of this report has been served as the sediment transport consultant for Ok Tedi

  8. Field Survey and Numerical Simulations: A Review of the 1998 Papua New Guinea Tsunami

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynett, Patrick

    Field Survey and Numerical Simulations: A Review of the 1998 Papua New Guinea Tsunami PATRICK J (PNG) tsunami of 1998 is re-examined through a detailed review of the field survey as well as numerous of frequency dispersion on the landslide-generated tsunami. The numerical comparisons indicate that the NLSW

  9. {open_quotes}Full steam ahead{close_quotes} (a historical review of geothermal power development in the Philippines)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazo, F.M.

    1997-12-31

    The Philippine geothermal energy development is now considered in a state of maturity. After more than 20 years of geothermal experience, the total geothermal installed capacity in the Philippines reached 1,455 MW (1996) or about 12% of the total installed power plant capacity. This also enabled the Philippines to become the second largest producer of geothermal energy in the world. The country`s track record in harnessing geothermal energy is considered a revelation, as it continues with its vision of {open_quotes}full steam ahead{close_quotes}, originally conceived when commercial geothermal operation started in 1973. It is thus proper and timely to refer to historical highlights and experiences in geothermal energy development for planning and implementation of the country`s geothermal energy program.

  10. Conservation Genetics of the Philippine Tarsier: Cryptic Genetic Variation Restructures Conservation Priorities for an Island Archipelago Primate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Rafe M.; Weghorst, Jennifer; Olson, Karen V.; Duya, Mariano R. M.; Barley, Anthony J.; Duya, Malizar V.; Shekelle, Myron; Neri-Aboleda, Irene; Esselstyn, Jacob Aaron; Dominy, Nathaniel J.; Ong, Perry S.; Moritz, Gillian L.; Luczon, Adrian; Diesmos, Mae Lowe L.; Diesmos, Arvin C.; Siler, Cameron David

    2014-08-19

    change in Philippine sun skinks. Evolution 67: 3556–3572. doi:10.1111/evo.12219. 21. Esselstyn JA, Evans BJ, Sedlock JL, Khan FAA, Heaney LR (2012) Single-locus species delimitation: a test of the mixed Yule–coalescent model, with an empirical application... change in Philippine sun skinks. Evolution 67: 3556–3572. doi:10.1111/evo.12219. 21. Esselstyn JA, Evans BJ, Sedlock JL, Khan FAA, Heaney LR (2012) Single-locus species delimitation: a test of the mixed Yule–coalescent model, with an empirical application...

  11. Assessing the direct effects of the ebola outbreak on life expectancy in liberia, sierra leone and Guinea.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helleringer, S; Noymer, A

    2015-01-01

    and health system demand in liberia. PLoS Biol. 2015 Jan;13(Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. PLOS Currents Outbreaks.Ebola in Sierra Leone and Liberia. PLOS Currents Outbreaks.

  12. GONGED (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development of an online facility of images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    122 GONGED (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development Darrow Holloway, J. D., Miller, S. E., Pollock, D. M., Helgen, L. & Darrow, K. (2009): GONGED

  13. Mitigation options for methane emissions from rice fields in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lantin, R.S.; Buendia, L.V.; Wassmann, R.

    1996-12-31

    The contribution of Philippine rice production to global methane emission and breakthroughs in methane emission studies conducted in the country are presented in this paper. A significant impact in the reduction of GHG emissions from agriculture can be achieved if methane emissions from ricefields can be abated. This study presents the contribution of Philippine rice cultivation to global methane emission and breakthroughs in methane emission studies in the country which address the issue of mitigation. Using the derived emission factors from local measurements, rice cultivation contributes 566.6 Gg of methane emission in the Philippines. This value is 62% of the total methane emitted from the agriculture sector. The emission factors employed which are 78% of the IPCC value for irrigated rice and 95% for rainfed rice were derived from measurements with an automatic system taken during the growth duration in the respective ecosystems. Plots drained for 2 weeks at midtillering and before harvest gave a significant reduction in methane emission as opposed to continuously flooded plots and plots drained before harvest. The cultivar Magat reduced methane emission by 50% as compared to the check variety IR72. The application of ammonium sulfate instead of urea reduced methane emission by 10% to 34%. Addition of 6 t ha{sup {minus}1} phosphogypsum in combination with urea reduced emission by 74% as opposed to plots applied with urea alone. It is also from the results of such measurements that abatement strategies are based as regards to modifying treatments such as water management, fertilization, and choice of rice variety. It is not easy to identify and recommend mitigation strategies that will fit a particular cropping system. However, the identified mitigation options provide focus for the abatement of methane emission from ricefields.

  14. Implementation of the IAEA Additional Protocol in the Philippines: USDOE/PNRI Cooperation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sequis, Julietta E.; Cain, Ronald A.; Burbank, Roberta L.; Hansen, Linda H.; VanSickle, Matthew; Killinger, Mark H.; Elkhamri, Oksana O.

    2011-07-19

    The Philippines entered into force the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Additional Protocol (AP) in February 2010. The Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI) is the government agency responsible for implementing the AP. In June 2010 the IAEA invited the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to help conduct a joint national training seminar on the AP. DOE presented to PNRI its AP international technical assistance program, administered by the International Nuclear Safeguards and Engagement Program (INSEP), which helps partner countries implement the AP. In coordination with the IAEA, DOE established this program in 2008 to complement IAEA AP seminars with long-term country-specific cooperation from the perspective of a Member State. The US version of the AP is the same version as that of non-nuclear weapon states except for the addition of a national security exclusion. Due to this, DOE cooperation with other countries enables the sharing of valuable lessons learned in implementing the AP. DOE/INSEP described to PNRI the various areas of cooperation it offers to interested countries, whether they are preparing for entry into force or already implementing the AP. Even countries that have entered the AP into force are sometimes not fully prepared to implement it well, and welcome cooperation to improve their implementation process. PNRI and DOE/INSEP subsequently agreed to cooperate in several areas to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the Philippines AP implementation. These areas include providing working-level training to PNRI staff and preparing an information document that details that training for future reference, assisting with the development of an outreach program and procedures for AP reporting and complementary access, and identifying Annex II equipment and non-nuclear materials whose export must be reported under the AP. DOE laboratory representatives, funded by INSEP, met again with PNRI in February 2011 to provide training for PNRI AP staff and investigate specific ways to improve implementation. Another meeting in July 2011 focused on preparations for outreach to industry and universities. In this paper PNRI describes current implementation of the AP in the Philippines, and both DOE/INSEP and PNRI provide their perspectives on their cooperation to enhance that implementation.

  15. Reservoir engineering applications for development and exploitation of geothermal fields in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vasquez, N.C.; Sarmiento, Z.F.

    1986-07-01

    After a geothermal well is completed, several tests and downhole measurements are conducted to help evaluate the subsurface fluid and reservoir properties intersected. From these tests, a conceptual model of the well can be developed by integrating data from the various parts of the field. This paper presents the completion techniques applied in geothermal wells, as well as the role of reservoir engineering science in delineating a field for development. Monitoring techniques and other reservoir engineering aspects of a field under exploitation are also discussed, with examples from the Philippines.

  16. Definitional mission report: NAPCOR thermal-power-conversion project, Philippines. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-01

    The National Power Corporation (NAPCOR) of Philippines has requested the Trade and Development Program (TDP) to fund a study to evaluate the technical and economic feasibility of converting its existing oil and coal fired power plants to natural gas. The decision to undertake the study resulted from preliminary information on a large gas find off the coast of Palawan island. However, a second exploration well has come up dry. Now, the conversion of the existing power plants to natural gas seems very questionable. Even if the proven gas reserves prove to be commercially viable, the gas will not be available until 1998 or later for utilization. At that time several of NAPCOR's plants would have aged further, the political and economic situation in Philippines could have altered significantly, possibly improved, private power companies might be able to use the gas more efficiently by building state-of-the-art combined cycle power plants which will make more economic sense than converting existing old boilers to natural gas. In addition, most of the existing power equipment was manufactured by Japanese and/or European firms. It makes sense for NAPCOR to solicit services from these firms if it decides to go ahead with the implementation of the power plant conversion project. The potential for any follow on work for U.S. businesses is minimal to zero in the thermal conversion project. Therefore, at this time, TDP funding for the feasibility would be premature and not recommended.

  17. Experience implementing energy standards for commercial buildings and its lessons for the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busch, John; Deringer, Joseph

    1998-10-01

    Energy efficiency standards for buildings have been adopted in over forty countries. This policy mechanism is pursued by governments as a means of increasing energy efficiency in the buildings sector, which typically accounts for about a third of most nations' energy consumption and half of their electricity consumption. This study reports on experience with implementation of energy standards for commercial buildings in a number of countries and U.S. states. It is conducted from the perspective of providing useful input to the Government of the Philippines' (GOP) current effort at implementing their building energy standard. While the impetus for this work is technical assistance to the Philippines, the intent is to shed light on the broader issues attending implementation of building energy standards that would be applicable there and elsewhere. The background on the GOP building energy standard is presented, followed by the objectives for the study, the approach used to collect and analyze information about other jurisdictions' implementation experience, results, and conclusions and recommendations.

  18. The development stories of equatorial Guinea and Botswana : a game theory model of how public-private partnerships can turn resources from a curse into a blessing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rizzati, Valentina

    2013-01-01

    The growth acceleration episodes characterizing Botswana and Equatorial Guinea were based on the respective discoveries of diamonds and oil. However, while Botswana, already characterized by inclusive and democratic ...

  19. ASSESSING THE BARGAINING MODEL OF WAR TERMINATION: AN EXAMINATION OF THE PHILIPPINE-AMERICAN WAR, 1899-1902

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Adam David

    2008-05-27

    Through a detailed case study of the Philippine-American War (1899-1902), this thesis presents a test of the bargaining model of war termination. The study begins with a review of the war termination theory literature, tracing the currently dominant...

  20. Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) : does it give indigenous peoples more control over development of their lands in the Philippines?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Co, Ronilda R. (Ronilda Rosario)

    2008-01-01

    The 1998 Indigenous Peoples Rights Act (IPRA) grants indigenous peoples (IPs) in the Philippines the right to Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC) with regard to development projects undertaken on their ancestral lands. ...

  1. Bulalo field, Philippines: Reservoir modeling for prediction of limits to sustainable generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strobel, Calvin J.

    1993-01-28

    The Bulalo geothermal field, located in Laguna province, Philippines, supplies 12% of the electricity on the island of Luzon. The first 110 MWe power plant was on line May 1979; current 330 MWe (gross) installed capacity was reached in 1984. Since then, the field has operated at an average plant factor of 76%. The National Power Corporation plans to add 40 MWe base load and 40 MWe standby in 1995. A numerical simulation model for the Bulalo field has been created that matches historic pressure changes, enthalpy and steam flash trends and cumulative steam production. Gravity modeling provided independent verification of mass balances and time rate of change of liquid desaturation in the rock matrix. Gravity modeling, in conjunction with reservoir simulation provides a means of predicting matrix dry out and the time to limiting conditions for sustainable levelized steam deliverability and power generation.

  2. Tax reform and energy in the Philippines economy: A general equilibrium computation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyd, R.G.; Doroodian, K.; Udomvaech, P.

    1994-12-31

    This paper examines how energy tax cuts, offset with income tax increases, affect production, consumption, and total welfare in the Philippines economy. Our results show that energy tax cuts expand the energy and nonmetal mining sectors, but decrease output in the manufacturing, agricultural, and metal mining sectors. Consumption of all goods and services combined increases as the amount of energy tax reduction increases. Our welfare results, however, are mixed. While the welfare of the mid- and high-income levels increases, that of the lowest income level decreases. These results are robust with respect to changes in the elasticity of substitution in energy production as well as the elasticity of substitution in consumer demand. From the standpoint of economic efficiency, a policy such as this would enhance growth and aggregate income. From an equity standpoint, however, this policy is highly regressive in spite of the fact that the richest households pay proportionately more to finance the energy tax reduction. 18 refs., 10 tabs.

  3. Hazard assessment in geothermal exploration: The case of Mt. Parker, Southern Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delfin, F.G. Jr.; Salonga, N.D.; Bayon, F.E.B.

    1996-12-31

    Hazard assessment of the Mt. Parker geothermal prospect, conducted in parallel with the surface exploration from 1992 to 1994, was undertaken to determine the long-term suitability of the prospect for development. By comparison with other acidic magmatic-hydrothermal systems in the Philippines, the geochemical data indicated minimal input of acidic magmatic fluids into Mt. Parker`s hydrothermal system. This system was regarded to be a neutral-pH and high-enthalpy chloride reservoir with temperature of at least 200-250{degrees}C. These favorable geochemical indications contrasted sharply with the C-14 and volcanological data indicating a shallow magmatic body with a potential for future eruption. This hazard led PNOC EDC to discontinue the survey and abandon the prospect by late 1994. On September 6, 1995, a flashflood of non-volcanic origin from the caldera lake killed nearly 100 people on the volcano`s northwestern flank.

  4. Status of national CO{sub 2}-mitigation projects and initiatives in the Philippine energy sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tupas, C.T.

    1996-12-31

    The Philippines has a huge energy requirement for the next 30 years in order to achieve its economic growth target. Based on an expected annual GDP growth rate of 6.9 percent, the Philippines total energy requirement is estimated to increase at an average of 6.6 percent annually from 1996 to 2025. Gross energy demand shall increase from 219.0 million barrels of fuel oil equivalent (MMBFOE) in 1996 to 552.4 MMBFOE in 2010 and 1,392.6 MMBFOE by 2025. These energy demand levels shall be driven primarily by the substantial increase in fuel requirements for power generation whose share of total energy requirement is 28.3 percent in 1996, 48.0 percent in 2010 and 55.0 percent in 2025. With the expected increase in energy demand, there will necessarily be adverse impacts on the environment. Energy projects and their supporting systems - from fuel extraction and storage to distribution - can and will be major contributors not only to local but also to regional and global environmental pollution and degradation. International experiences and trends in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions inventory have shown that the energy sector has always been the dominant source of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) - the principal contributor to global climate change. The energy sector`s CO{sub 2} emissions come primarily from fossil fuels combustion. Since energy use is the dominant source of CO{sub 2} emissions, efforts should therefore be concentrated on designing a mitigation strategy in this sector.

  5. Ma Philippine

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding accessby aLED Street LightingFrom theHighI _s - "U N C- . . . .

  6. A macro environmental risk assessment methodology for establishing priorities among risks to human health and the environment in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gernhofer, S.; Oliver, T.J.; Vasquez, R.

    1994-12-31

    A macro environmental risk assessment (ERA) methodology was developed for the Philippine Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) as part of the US Agency for International Development Industrial Environmental Management Project. The DENR allocates its limited resources to mitigate those environmental problems that pose the greatest threat to human health and the environment. The National Regional Industry Prioritization Strategy (NRIPS) methodology was developed as a risk assessment tool to establish a national ranking of industrial facilities. The ranking establishes regional and national priorities, based on risk factors, that DENR can use to determine the most effective allocation of its limited resources. NRIPS is a systematic framework that examines the potential risk to human health and the environment from hazardous substances released from a facility, and, in doing so, generates a relative numerical score that represents that risk. More than 3,300 facilities throughout the Philippines were evaluated successfully with the NRIPS.

  7. Effect of high oleic acid pork on tissue lipids of guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Tammi Tinker

    1991-01-01

    hypotheses have been forwarded. In the guinea pig, polyunsaturated fat diets result in increased hepatic LDL-cholesterol binding (9, 24). Dietary saturated fat has been shown to decrease hepatic LDL-cholesterol receptor mediated transport in the hamster...-cholesterol receptors (9, 21) and increase hepatic LDL-cholesterol clearance (28). The effect of saturated fat was shown to decrease the LDL-cholesterol receptor-mediated transport in hamsters (34). These changes of LDL-receptor catabolism of LDL-cholesterol can...

  8. Three Essays On Agricultural and Forestry Offsets In Climate Change Mitigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Siyi

    2012-07-16

    , New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu 17 RCAM Antigua Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras...

  9. Diapiric exhumation of Earth's youngest (UHP) eclogites in the gneiss domes of the D'Entrecasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    'Entrecasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea T.A. Little a, , B.R. Hacker b , S.M. Gordon b,c , S.L. Baldwin d , P, is a remarkable modern discovery (Andersen et al., 1991; Ernst, 2001; Hacker, 2007). Understanding how rocks from

  10. DECIPHERING THE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY OF THE MONTANE NEW GUINEA AVIFAUNA: COMPARATIVE PHYLOGEOGRAPHY AND INSIGHTS FROM PALEODISTRIBUTIONAL MODELING IN A DYNAMIC LANDSCAPE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benz, Brett W.

    2011-12-31

    at various sites across the highlands of Papua New Guinea, and I look forward to further collaboration in the future. I thank Tim Laman for providing the opportunity to work in West Papua, Indonesia, in 2008, as well as helping to collect behavioral data... obscure for most taxonomic groups. Owing to its relatively complete alpha taxonomy, New Guinea’s avifauna has played a prominent role in the development of biogeographic hypotheses and speciation theory throughout the Papuan sub-region (Mayr, 1953; Schodde...

  11. Environmental impact assessment in the Philippines: Progress, problems, and directions for the future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ross, W.A. )

    1994-07-01

    The environmental impact statement (EIS) system of the Philippines is reviewed, identifying progress made in its effective implementation since 1986. Improvement in coverage is noted and real commitment to good environmental impact assessment (EIA) practice is found in those responsible for the EIS system. Project proponents show a modest acceptance of the system. Major problems remaining are: (1) the EIS system is seen as a bureaucratic requirement needed to obtain project approvals; (2) political interference determines the outcome of some environmental reviews; (3) questionable practices by public servants serve to discredit the system; and (4) the treatment of projects in environmentally critical areas is less than satisfactory. Based on the principle that it is essential to establish a credible process seen to work effectively by the public, politicians, the government bureaucracy, and proponents, suggestions for improvement are made. They deal with the treatment of EISs for projects already under construction, EIA training courses, and simple adjustments to the EIS system to focus it on the most important projects.

  12. Energy use by households in a rural area of the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yust, B.L.

    1986-01-01

    The relationship between fuels used by households in a rural region of Leyte Province, the Philippines, and the variables that can affect the type and amount of fuel used were examined. Data were drawn from interviews conducted in a previous study with 150 female heads of households from 10 villages near Baybay, Leyte. Within a family-ecosystem framework, a multiple regression model was developed to identify predictors of fuel use in the households. Inputs to the system included the following independent variables representing aspects of household environments; (1) natural--geographic location of the village, (2) technical--cook stove and equipment ownership, (3) economic--distance to fuel sources and number of hectares of land owned, and (4) cultural-cooking fuel preference. Two regression equations were developed. The first used as the dependent variable the number of units of each of four specific fuels used in the household in one week: wood, coconut fronds, and coconut shells, and coconut husks with shells. The second used as the dependent variable an aggregate measure, barrel oil equivalent (boe), of the quantity of all fuels used in the household in one week. The households in this study were primarily dependent on biomass fuels gathered by family members; a limited quantity of commercial fuels was used.

  13. An evaluation of the deep reservoir conditions of the Bacon-Manito geothermal field, Philippines using well gas chemistry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D'Amore, Franco; Maniquis-Buenviaje, Marinela; Solis, Ramonito P.

    1993-01-28

    Gas chemistry from 28 wells complement water chemistry and physical data in developing a reservoir model for the Bacon-Manito geothermal project (BMGP), Philippines. Reservoir temperature, THSH, and steam fraction, y, are calculated or extrapolated from the grid defined by the Fischer-Tropsch (FT) and H2-H2S (HSH) gas equilibria reactions. A correction is made for H2 that is lost due to preferential partitioning into the vapor phase and the reequilibration of H2S after steam loss.

  14. In-country and lending institution environmental requirements for thermal power plants in the Philippines and India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehman, A.T.; Khanna, R.

    1996-11-01

    Diverse environmental reviews and approvals are required by both Government and non-government organizations (NGOs) for licensing or permitting of major thermal power plants in Asia; specifically, India and Philippines. The number and type of approvals required for a specific project vary depending on site characteristics, fuel source, project-specific design and operating parameters as well as type of project financing. A model 400 MW coal-fired project located in Asia is presented to illustrate the various lender and host country environmental guidelines. A case study of the environmental reviews and approvals for Ogden Quezon Power, Inc. Project (Quezon Province, Republic of the Philippines) is also included. A list of acronyms is provided at the paper`s end. As independent power project (IPP) developers seek financing for these capital-intensive infrastructure projects, a number of international finance/lending institutions are likely to become involved. Each lender considers different environmental aspects of a project. This paper compares relevant environmental requirements of various lenders which finance IPPs and their interest in a project`s environmental review. Finally, the authors of this paper believe that the environmental review process can bring together many parties involved with IPP development, including local and central governments, non government organizations, various lenders (such as multilateral and export credit agencies) as well as project proponents. Environmental review provides input opportunity for interested and affected parties. Airing environmental issues in open forums such as public hearings or meetings helps ensure projects are not evaluated without public input.

  15. Feasibility of Hybrid Retrofits to Off-Grid Diesel Power Plants in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barley, C. D.; Flowers, L. T.; Benavidez, P. J.; Abergas, R. L.; Barruela, R. B.

    1999-08-01

    The Strategic Power Utilities Group (SPUG) of the National Power Corporation (NPC) in the Philippines owns and operates about 100 power plants, mostly fueled by diesel, ranging in energy production from about 15 kilowatt-hours (kWh)/day to 106,000 kWh/day. Reducing the consumption of diesel fuel in these plants, along with the associated financial losses, is a priority for SPUG. The purpose of this study is to estimate the potential fuel and cost savings that might be achieved by retrofitting hybrid power systems to these existing diesel plants. As used in this report, the term ''hybrid system'' refers to any combination of wind turbine generators (WTGs), photovoltaic (PV) modules, lead-acid batteries, and an AC/DC power converter (either an electronic inverter or a rotary converter), in addition to the existing diesel gensets. The resources available for this study did not permit a detailed design analysis for each of the plants. Instead, the following five-step process was used: (1) Tabulate some important characteristics of all the plants. (2) Group the plants into categories (six classes) with similar characteristics. (3) For each class of system, identify one plant that is representative of the class. (4) For each representative plant, perform a moderately detailed prefeasibility analysis of design options. (5) Summarize and interpret the results. The analysis of each representative plant involved the use of time-series computer simulation models to estimate the fuel usage, maintenance expenses, and cash flow resulting from various designs, and to search the domain of possible designs for the one leading to the lowest life-cycle cost. Cost items that would be unaffected by the retrofit, such as operator salaries and the capital cost of existing equipment, were not included in the analysis. Thus, the results are reported as levelized cost of energy (COE) savings: the difference between the cost of the existing diesel-only system and that of an optimized hybrid system, expressed in units of U.S. dollars per kWh (US$/kWh) of energy production. This analysis is one phase of a study entitled ''Analysis of Renewable Energy Retrofit Options to Existing Diesel Mini-Grids,'' funded by the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and performed jointly by NPC, the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), and Sustainable Energy Solutions in New York, New York (Morris et al. 1998). A more detailed version of this paper is included in that report.

  16. Estimation of neutrophil infiltration into hairless guinea pig skin treated with 2,2' -dichlorodiethyl sulfide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bongiovanni, R.; Millard, C.B.; Schulz, S.M.; Romano, J.M.

    1993-05-13

    Despite growing acceptance of the hairless guinea pig (HPG) for evaluating sulfur mustard (2,2'dichlorodiethylsulfide, HD) skin injury, there are presently few antivesicant drug assessment endpoints validated in vivo for this model. We measured the activity of myeloperoxidase (MPO) to characterize the dose- and time-dependence of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) infiltration during development of the HD lesion. Biopsies were obtained from the dorsal thoracic-lumbar area of HGPs at successive 3 hr time intervals for up to 24 hrs following controlled exposure to either 5, 7, 8 or 10 min HD vapor. The presence of PMNs, as judged by MPO levels, peaked at 9 hrs irrespective of total HD vapor dose. The maximum response was a 20-fold increase compared to unexposed control sites at 9 hrs following 10 min HD vapor. This time period coincides with epidermal detachment characterized previously by electron microscopy in the HGP. By 24 hrs post-exposure, the MPO levels subsided markedly (2-fold compared to controls). These results suggest that PMNs participate in the HGP cutaneous inflammatory response following exposure to HD and that MPO may be a useful biological marker for evaluating putative antivesicants.

  17. Acute and chronic respiratory lesions induced by sulfur mustard in guinea pigs: Role of tachykinins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calvet, J.H.; Trouiller, G.; Harf, A.

    1993-05-13

    We investigated in anesthetized guinea pigs the involvement of tachykinins in respiratory alterations after an airway intoxication by sulfur mustard (SM). Early lesions were evaluated after 5h. Respiratory system resistance (R) and compliance were measured by the occlusion method and airway microvascular permeability by measuring the Evans Blue dye concentration in the trachea and main bronchi. Two groups of animals were studied treated with capsaicin (which induces a tachykinin depletion) or by its vehicle. Capsaicin pretreatment had no effect on the measured parameters. We also measured 14 J after the intoxication tracheal epithelium neutral endopeptidase (NEP) (the main enzyme which degrades tachykinins). In addition bronchial responsiveness to exogenous substance P was studied in two groups of animals intoxicated with SM or not. Tracheal epithelium NEP activity was decreased from 0.448 + or 0.027 nmol.min- 1.mg protein- 1 in controls to 0. 182 + or 0.038 in intoxicated animals. Response to substance P was greater in intoxicated animals with R=2.98 + or - 1.57 cmH20.MI-1.s versus 0.35 + or 0.02 in controls, after 5.10-5 M aerosolized substance P These results suggest tachykinins are not preponderant in the early stage lesions but that bronchial hyperactivity is present at recovery, related to epithelium NEP depletion.

  18. The role of the anaesthetised guinea-pig in the preclinical cardiac safety evaluation of drug candidate compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marks, Louise, E-mail: louise.marks@astrazeneca.com [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Borland, Samantha; Philp, Karen; Ewart, Lorna; Lainée, Pierre; Skinner, Matthew [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Kirk, Sarah [Innovative Medicines, Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Innovative Medicines, Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Valentin, Jean-Pierre [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)

    2012-09-01

    Despite rigorous preclinical and clinical safety evaluation, adverse cardiac effects remain a leading cause of drug attrition and post-approval drug withdrawal. A number of cardiovascular screens exist within preclinical development. These screens do not, however, provide a thorough cardiac liability profile and, in many cases, are not preventing the progression of high risk compounds. We evaluated the suitability of the anaesthetised guinea-pig for the assessment of drug-induced changes in cardiovascular parameters. Sodium pentobarbitone anaesthetised male guinea-pigs received three 15 minute intravenous infusions of ascending doses of amoxicillin, atenolol, clonidine, dobutamine, dofetilide, flecainide, isoprenaline, levosimendan, milrinone, moxifloxacin, nifedipine, paracetamol, verapamil or vehicle, followed by a 30 minute washout. Dose levels were targeted to cover clinical exposure and above, with plasma samples obtained to evaluate effect/exposure relationships. Arterial blood pressure, heart rate, contractility function (left ventricular dP/dt{sub max} and QA interval) and lead II electrocardiogram were recorded throughout. In general, the expected reference compound induced effects on haemodynamic, contractility and electrocardiographic parameters were detected confirming that all three endpoints can be measured accurately and simultaneously in one small animal. Plasma exposures obtained were within, or close to the expected clinical range of therapeutic plasma levels. Concentration–effect curves were produced which allowed a more complete understanding of the margins for effects at different plasma exposures. This single in vivo screen provides a significant amount of information pertaining to the cardiovascular risk of drug candidates, ultimately strengthening strategies addressing cardiovascular-mediated compound attrition and drug withdrawal. -- Highlights: ? Evaluation of the anaesthetised guinea-pig to determine cardiac liability. ? Haemodynamic, contractility, ECG parameters and plasma exposure all measurable. ? Single small animal model offering extensive evaluation of a drug's CV risk. ? Potential to strengthen drug discovery cardiovascular strategy. ? Potential to halt progression of drugs with CV liability, reducing drug attrition.

  19. Mast cells in citric acid-induced cough of guinea pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lai, Y.-L. . E-mail: tiger@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw; Lin, T.-Y.

    2005-01-01

    It was demonstrated previously that mast cells play an important role in citric acid (CA)-induced airway constriction. To investigate the role of mast cells in CA-induced cough, three experiments were carried out in this study. In the first experiment, 59 guinea pigs were employed and we used compound 48/80 to deplete mast cells, cromolyn sodium to stabilize mast cells, MK-886 to inhibit leukotriene synthesis, pyrilamine to antagonize histamine H{sub 1} receptor, methysergide to antagonize serotonin receptor, and indomethacin to inhibit cyclooxygenase. In the second experiment, 56 compound 48/80-pretreated animals were divided into two parts; the first one was used to test the role of exogenous leukotriene (LT) C{sub 4}, while the second one to test the role of exogenous histamine in CA-induced cough. Each animal with one of the above pretreatments was exposed sequentially to saline (baseline) and CA (0.6 M) aerosol, each for 3 min. Then, cough was recorded for 12 min using a barometric body plethysmograph. In the third experiment, the activation of mast cells upon CA inhalation was investigated by determining arterial plasma histamine concentration in 17 animals. Exposure to CA induced a marked increase in cough number. Compound 48/80, cromolyn sodium, MK-886 and pyrilamine, but not indomethacin or methysergide, significantly attenuated CA-induced cough. Injection of LTC{sub 4} or histamine caused a significant increase in CA-induced cough in compound 48/80-pretreated animals. In addition, CA inhalation caused significant increase in plasma histamine concentration, which was blocked by compound 48/80 pretreatment. These results suggest that mast cells play an important role in CA aerosol inhalation-induced cough via perhaps mediators LTs and histamine.

  20. Integration of the informal sector into municipal solid waste management in the Philippines - What does it need?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul, Johannes G.

    2012-11-15

    The integration of the informal sector into municipal solid waste management is a challenge many developing countries face. In Iloilo City, Philippines around 220 tons of municipal solid waste are collected every day and disposed at a 10 ha large dumpsite. In order to improve the local waste management system the Local Government decided to develop a new Waste Management Center with integrated landfill. However, the proposed area is adjacent to the presently used dumpsite where more than 300 waste pickers dwell and depend on waste picking as their source of livelihood. The Local Government recognized the hidden threat imposed by the waste picker's presence for this development project and proposed various measures to integrate the informal sector into the municipal solid waste management (MSWM) program. As a key intervention a Waste Workers Association, called USWAG Calahunan Livelihood Association Inc. (UCLA) was initiated and registered as a formal business enterprise in May 2009. Up to date, UCLA counts 240 members who commit to follow certain rules and to work within a team that jointly recovers wasted materials. As a cooperative they are empowered to explore new livelihood options such as the recovery of Alternative Fuels for commercial (cement industry) and household use, production of compost and making of handicrafts out of used packages. These activities do not only provide alternative livelihood for them but also lessen the generation of leachate and Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emissions from waste disposal, whereby the life time of the proposed new sanitary landfill can be extended likewise.

  1. Analysis Of Leakage In Carbon Sequestration Projects In Forestry:A Case Study Of Upper Magat Watershed, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lasco, Rodel D.; Pulhin, Florencia B.; Sales, Renezita F.

    2007-06-01

    The role of forestry projects in carbon conservation andsequestration is receiving much attention because of their role in themitigation of climate change. The main objective of the study is toanalyze the potential of the Upper Magat Watershed for a carbonsequestration project. The three main development components of theproject are forest conservation, tree plantations, and agroforestry farmdevelopment. At Year 30, the watershed can attain a net carbon benefit of19.5 M tC at a cost of US$ 34.5 M. The potential leakage of the projectis estimated using historical experience in technology adoption inwatershed areas in the Philippines and a high adoption rate. Two leakagescenarios were used: baseline and project leakage scenarios. Most of theleakage occurs in the first 10 years of the project as displacement oflivelihood occurs during this time. The carbon lost via leakage isestimated to be 3.7 M tC in the historical adoption scenario, and 8.1 MtC under the enhanced adoption scenario.

  2. Ascorbic acid suppresses endotoxemia and NF-?B signaling cascade in alcoholic liver fibrosis in guinea pigs: A mechanistic approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abhilash, P.A.; Harikrishnan, R.; Indira, M.

    2014-01-15

    Alcohol consumption increases the small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and intestinal permeability of endotoxin. The endotoxin mediated inflammatory signaling plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. We evaluated the effect of ascorbic acid (AA), silymarin and alcohol abstention on the alcohol induced endotoxemia and NF-?B activation cascade pathway in guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus). Guinea pigs were administered ethanol at a daily dose of 4 g/kg b.wt for 90 days. After 90 days, ethanol administration was stopped. The ethanol treated animals were divided into abstention, silymarin (250 mg/kg b.wt) and AA (250 mg/kg b.wt) supplemented groups and maintained for 30 days. The SIBO, intestinal permeability and endotoxin were significantly increased in the ethanol group. The mRNA expressions of intestinal proteins claudin, occludin and zona occludens-1 were significantly decreased in ethanol group. The mRNA levels of inflammatory receptors, activity of IKK? and the protein expressions of phospho-I?B?, NF-?B, TNF-?, TGF-?{sub 1} and IL-6 were also altered in ethanol group. The expressions of fibrosis markers ?-SMA, ?{sub 1} (I) collagen and sirius red staining in the liver revealed the induction of fibrosis. But the supplementation of AA could induce greater reduction of ethanol induced SIBO, intestinal barrier defects, NF-?B activation and liver fibrosis than silymarin. The possible mechanism may be the inhibitory effect of AA on SIBO, intestinal barrier defect and IKK?, which decreased the activation of NF-?B and synthesis of cytokines. This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis. - Highlights: • Alcohol increases intestinal bacterial overgrowth and permeability of endotoxin. • Endotoxin mediated inflammation plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. • Ascorbic acid reduces endotoxemia, NF-?B activation and proinflammatory cytokines. • AA's action is by inhibition of SIBO, IKK? and alteration of intestinal permeability. • This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis.

  3. Inhalation exposure to sulfur mustard in the guinea pig model: Clinical, biochemical and histopathological characterization of respiratory injuries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allon, Nahum, E-mail: nahuma@iibr.gov.i [Department of Pharmacology, Israel Institute for Biological Research, P.O. Box 19, Ness-Ziona 74100 (Israel); Amir, Adina; Manisterski, Eliau; Rabinovitz, Ishay; Dachir, Shlomit; Kadar, Tamar [Department of Pharmacology, Israel Institute for Biological Research, P.O. Box 19, Ness-Ziona 74100 (Israel)

    2009-12-01

    Guinea pigs (GP) were exposed (head only) in individual plethysmographs to various concentrations of sulfur mustard vapor, determined online, using FTIR attached to flow chamber. The LCt{sub 50} and the inhaled LD{sub 50} were calculated at different time points post exposure. Surviving animals were monitored for clinical symptoms, respiratory parameters and body weight changes for up to 30 days. Clinical symptoms were noted at 3 h post exposure, characterized by erythematic and swelling nose with extensive mucous secretion (with or without bleeding). At 6 h post exposure most of the guinea pigs had breathing difficulties, rhonchi and dyspnea and few deaths were noted. These symptoms peaked at 48 h and were noted up to 8 days, associated with few additional deaths. Thereafter, a spontaneous healing was noted, characterized by recovery of respiratory parameters and normal weight gain with almost complete apparent healing within 2 weeks. Histopathological evaluation of lungs and trachea in the surviving GPs at 4 weeks post exposure revealed a dose-dependent residual injury in both lung and trachea expressed by abnormal recovery of the tracheal epithelium concomitant with a dose-dependent increase in cellular volume in the lungs. These abnormal epithelial regeneration and lung remodeling were accompanied with significant changes in protein, LDH, differential cell count and glutathione levels in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). It is suggested that the abnormal epithelial growth and cellular infiltration into the lung as well as the continuous lung inflammation could cause recurrent lung injury similar to that reported for HD exposed human casualties.

  4. Opportunities for market-based programs worldwide that reduce greenhouse gas emissions: Initial Observations from Missions to the Philippines, South Africa, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stanton-Hoyle, D.R.

    1998-07-01

    Globally, governments and industries are implementing innovative voluntary programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Often these programs encourage groups to use cost effective technologies that capture market-based forces. These programs are successful because they capitalize on existing opportunities where both the environment and the participants can benefit (i.e., win-win opportunities). This paper documents efforts to investigate these kinds of win-win opportunities in three developing countries: the Philippines, South Africa, and Mexico. Initial observations are provided as fresh information from the field, drawing on six missions during the last nine months. Utility costs, interest rates, and overall economic health appear to critically affect opportunities in each country. By contrast, details of heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) design and local climate were often important differences between countries. These affect opportunities, for example, to achieve significant savings from cooling systems or not. Looking at the success of ESCOs was somewhat surprising. One might expect to see the most successful ESCO activity where utility costs are high and upgrade opportunities are plentiful (such as in the Philippines). This was not the case, however, as research in the Philippines did not reveal even one active ESCO contract yet. Design practices for new construction were in need of the same thing that helps US design teams do a better job of energy-efficient design, better communications between design team members. Finally, industrial firms were doing a variety of EE upgrades in each country, but this level of activity was relatively small compared to what should be cost effective.

  5. An economic analysis of the Philippine Republic's foreign trade in coconut and coconut by-products with emphasis on trade with the United States 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aspiras, Rogelio A

    1964-01-01

    kN EGQiQGG kNkLYSIS & THE PHILIPPINE REPUSLIG'S PQLEIGN TRkSE IN GGGONUT kND CXQNUT SX-PRGGlJGTS WITH QIPHkSIS GN TRkSE WITH THE UNITEG STkTES k Thesis Rogelio k. kspiras Su'omitted to the Graduate College of the Tomas k and M University...)oradoz with 12 yercent manimmz moisture content and zeasonab1F free of zezmins, vesvils and cthoz in)urious insects, and the last grade, (5) Buon Corriente, vith 15 yezcent ~ moisture content and reasonably free of zarmins, veezlls, and othez in)uraeus insects...

  6. 3/5/2014 Micro-Windmill Technology: Future Uses Include Recharging Your Smartphone | Philippine Latest News http://philsense.com/2014/01/11/micro-windmill-technology-future-uses-include-recharging-your-smartphone/ 1/6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    3/5/2014 Micro-Windmill Technology: Future Uses Include Recharging Your Smartphone | Philippine Latest News http://philsense.com/2014/01/11/micro-windmill Micro-Windmill Technology: Future Uses Include Recharging Your Smartphone Your ads w ill be inserted

  7. 4/2/2014 Micro windmills maysoon recharge your mobile phone -Yahoo News Philippines https://ph.news.yahoo.com/micro-windmills-may-soon-recharge-mobile-phone-091158453.html 1/1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    4/2/2014 Micro windmills maysoon recharge your mobile phone - Yahoo News Philippines https://ph.news.yahoo.com/micro-windmills-may-soon-recharge-mobile-phone-091158453.html 1/1 Micro windmills may, researchers are using windmills to generate power for modern devices such as our mobile phones. Of course

  8. High-dose supplementation with natural ?-tocopherol does neither alter the pharmacodynamics of atorvastatin nor its phase I metabolism in guinea pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Podszun, Maren C.; Grebenstein, Nadine [Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart (Germany); Hofmann, Ute [Dr. Margarete Fischer-Bosch Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, D-70376 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Dr. Margarete Fischer-Bosch Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, D-70376 Stuttgart (Germany); Frank, Jan, E-mail: jan.frank@nutrition-research.de [Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart (Germany) [Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart (Germany); Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Bonn, D-53115 Bonn (Germany)

    2013-02-01

    It has been hypothesized in the literature that intake of high-dosage vitamin E supplements might alter the expression of cytochrome P{sub 450} enzymes (CYP), particularly CYP3A4, which may lead to adverse nutrient–drug interactions. Because previously published studies reported conflicting findings, we investigated the pharmacodynamics of the lipid-lowering drug atorvastatin (ATV), a CYP3A4 substrate, in response to high-dose ?-tocopherol (?T) feeding and determined protein expression and activities of relevant CYP. Groups of ten female Dunkin–Hartley guinea pigs were fed a control (5% fat) or a high-fat control diet (HFC; 21% fat, 0.15% cholesterol) or the HFC diet fortified with ?T (250 mg/kg diet), ATV (300 mg/kg diet) or both ATV + ?T for 6 weeks. Relative to control, HFC animals had increased serum cholesterol concentrations, which were significantly reduced by ATV. High-dose ?T feeding in combination with ATV (ATV + ?T), albeit not ?T feeding alone (?T), significantly lowered serum cholesterol relative to HFC, but did not alter the cholesterol-lowering activity of the drug compared to the ATV treated guinea pigs. Protein expression of CYP3A4, CYP4F2, CYP20A1 and OATP C was similar in all groups. Accordingly, no differences in plasma concentrations of phase I metabolites of ATV were observed between the ATV and ATV + ?T groups. In conclusion, feeding guinea pigs high-doses of ?T for 6 weeks did neither alter the hepatic expression of CYP, nor the pharmacodynamics and metabolism of ATV. High-dose ?T intake is thus unlikely to change the efficacy of drugs metabolized by CYP enzymes, particularly by CYP3A4. -- Highlights: ? Vitamin E-atorvastatin interactions were studied in hypercholesterolemic guinea pigs. ? High-dose ?-tocopherol did not alter the lipid-lowering efficacy of atorvastatin. ? ?-Tocopherol did not change the expression of CYP3A4, CYP4F2, CYP20A or OATP C. ? ?-Tocopherol did not affect phase I metabolism of atorvastatin. ? Vitamin E does not change atorvastatin pharmacodynamics or toxicity in guinea pigs.

  9. Reduction of erythema in hairless guinea pigs after cutaneous sulfur mustard vapor exposure by pretreatment with niacinamide, promethazine and indomethacin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yourick, J.J.; Dawson, J.S.; Mitcheltree, L.W.

    1995-12-31

    Erythema is the initial symptom that occurs after sulfur mustard (HD) cutaneous exposure. The time course of HD-induced erythema is similar to that observed after UV irradiation, which can be reduced by indomethacin. Sulfur mustard lethality is decreased by using promethazine, which is an antihistamine. Niacinamide can reduce microvesication after HD vapor exposure in hairless guinea pig (HGP) skin. The present study examines the effect of the combined administration of niacinamide, indomethacin and promethazine used alone or in all possible combinations on the degree of erythema and histopathologic skin damage after HD exposure in HGP. Niacinamide (750 mg kg%`, i.p.), promethazine (12.5 mg kg%1, i.m.) or indomethacin (4 mg kg%1, p.o.) used singly or in combination was given as a 30-min pretreatment before an 8-min HD vapor cup skin exposure. Using a combination pretreatment of niacinamide, promethazine and indomethacin, erythema was reduced at 4 (91%) and 6 (55%) h, but not 24 h after HD. The incidence of histopathological skin changes (microvesicles, follicular involvement, epidermal necrosis, intracellular edema and pustular epidermatitis) 24 h after HD was not reduced. This study indicates that HD (induced erythema) may result from several different mechanisms, including inflammation, histamine release and DNA damage. It is suggested that two phases of inflammation may occur: an early phase sensitive to antihistamines and non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs and a late phase of extensive cell damage that was not sensitive to these drug pretreatments.

  10. Cutaneous uptake of 14C-HD vapor by the hairless guinea pig. Technical report, December 1992-June 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Logan, T.P.; Bongiovanni, R.; Millard, C.B.; Shutz, M.B.; Schultz, S.M.

    1996-10-01

    The hairless guinea pig (HGP) is used by our laboratory to model the human cutaneous response to sulfur mustard (HD) exposure. We have determined the HD content in the skin of HOP after 7-minute exposures to vapors saturated with a mixture of HD and 14C-HD. Concentration/time (C1) values in the range of 2 mg/sq cm/min were determined by counting skin 14C disintegrations per minute (dpm) in animals euthanized immediately after exposure. These values are similar to human penetration rates obtained by other investigators. A direct relationship between C1 and relative humidity was demonstrated in 5 of 6 studies. A rate curve monitoring the reduction in skin 14C dpm was developed for animals euthanized between 0 and 24 hours post exposure. This curve showed the greatest change after 1 hour. Epidermal and dermal distribution of 14C at 24 hours was measured for two animals. Site preference for HD penetration, multiple use of a vapor cap containing HD, and 14C content of adhesive tape were also investigated with radiolabeled HD to evaluate other aspects of the experimental model. These results contribute to a better understanding of the cutaneous response to HD in the HGP model.

  11. Effect of c-myc on the ultrastructural structure of cochleae in guinea pigs with noise induced hearing loss

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Han, Yu; Zhong, Cuiping [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)] [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China); Hong, Liu [First Division of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)] [First Division of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China); Wang, Ye; Qiao, Li [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)] [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China); Qiu, Jianhua, E-mail: qiujh@fmmu.edu.cn [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)] [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)

    2009-12-18

    Noise over-stimulation may induce hair cells loss and hearing deficit. The c-myc oncogene is a major regulator for cell proliferation, growth, and apoptosis. However, the role of this gene in the mammalian cochlea is still unclear. The study was designed to firstly investigate its function under noise condition, from the aspect of cochlear ultrastructural changes. We had established the adenoviral vector of c-myc gene and delivered the adenovirus suspension into the scala tympani of guinea pigs 4 days before noise exposure. The empty adenoviral vectors were injected as control. Then, all subjects were exposed to 4-kHz octave-band noise at 110 dB SPL for 8 h/day, 3 days consecutively. Auditory thresholds were assessed by auditory brainstem response, prior to and 7 days following noise exposure. On the seventh days after noise exposure, the cochlear sensory epithelia surface was observed microscopically and the cochleae were taken to study the ultrastructural changes. The results indicated that auditory threshold shift after noise exposure was higher in the ears treated with Ad.EGFP than that treated with Ad.c-myc-EGFP. Stereocilia loss and the disarrangement of outer hair cells were observed, with greater changes found in the Ad.EGFP group. Also, the ultrastructure changes were severe in the Ad.EGFP group, but not obvious in the Ad.c-myc-EGFP group. Therefore, c-myc gene might play an unexpected role in hearing functional and morphological protection from acoustic trauma.

  12. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    Romania Russia Chapter 7, Imports and Exports Exports Coke2] (t) Exports Imports Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda St.Exports Imports Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russia

  13. Samoa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    biomass gasification. This research will identify the renewable energy sources that are cost-effective in terms of investment, operational and maintenance costs under Samoan...

  14. American Samoa Power Authority | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name:AmbataSkiesPowerNet

  15. American Samoa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolarOpen5AllEnergyAmeriPower LLCAmerican RecoveryRiver

  16. For Release: 9:20 a.m. PST, January 9, 2007 CHANDRA X-RAY TELESCOPE DISCOVERS COMPANION TO BRIGHT STAR IN THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, David

    : Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa. The companion star was discovered accidentally miles away from the car. Although this angular separation is very small, it is well within that of the Sun, is very luminous (giving off about 34,000 times as much energy as our Sun every second

  17. American Samoa - Search - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price to fall toUranium Marketing AnnualFoot) YearYear7) August

  18. I n f o r m a t i o n e n H a u s d r u c k e r e i

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Matthias

    (Islas Malvinas) (adm. by UK, claimed by Argentina) Kuwait Canary Islands (Sp.) Sao Tome & Principe) Bang. Andaman Islands (India) Thailand Indonesia Malaysia Brunei Philippines Taiwan Cambodia Vietnam Laos Australia Papua New Guinea New Zealand Fiji New Caledonia Solomon Islands Kiribati Marshall

  19. THE TONGONAN GEOTHERMAL FIELD LEYTE PHILIPPINES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    flow Production & v Preliminary Design investigation 01 single or two InJection Wells engineering studies of plant and civil works - geothermal implications detailed estimates...

  20. Philippines Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975) | Open Energy Information3

  1. Philippines-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3Perrysburg,AlpenaNREL Cooperation Jump to:

  2. Sonnen Enterprises Philippines | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfin Jump to:Solkar SolarSongtao Guanghe

  3. THE TONGONAN GEOTHERMAL FIELD LEYTE PHILIPPINES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding access toSmallTechnicalSheldon' THE TONGONAN GEOTHERMAL FIELD LEYTE

  4. Philippines: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorthInformationPersuPlan (LCP)

  5. Equatorial Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    by building new gas-fired power stations and investing in the construction of new dams.Work is ongoing on the Djibloho hydroelectric plant project on the Wele River near...

  6. Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Total installed electricity capacity (2008): 331 MWThermal: 62.8%Hydro: 37.2%Total primary energy supply (2008): 4,275 ktoeBiomass: 89%Hydrocarbon Fuels: 10 %Hydroelectric:...

  7. An Overview of World Tropical Hardwood Resources, Forest Products Trade and Environmental Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea

  8. A Benthic Terrain Classification Scheme for American Samoa Accepted for publication in Marine Geodesy, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    , invasive species, security training activities, offshore oil and gas exploration, and coral bleaching on earth, continually face destruction from anthropogenic and natural threats. The U.S. Coral Reef Task to increasing coastal populations (Culliton 1998). Natural and anthropogenic processes threaten natural

  9. Error Analysis of Bathymetric Data Derived from IKONOS Imagery Location: Tutuila Island, American Samoa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    1 Error Analysis of Bathymetric Data Derived from IKONOS Imagery Location: Tutuila Island, American) / NOAA Fisheries' Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED) Analysis Overview Bathymetric data were derived analyzed to extend the spatial coverage of the final derived bathymetry product. The imagery was provided

  10. Samoa-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk,Sage Resources Jump to:Ohio:Project JumpSambhav Energy

  11. Philippines-Ortigas Greenways: Demonstrating Innovation in Walkable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Asian Development Bank (ADB), Ministry of Planning Sector Land Focus Area People and Policy, Transportation Topics Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity,...

  12. Spanish Colonial Liturgical Music in the Philippines: Inventing a Tradition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kendall, David Joseph

    2010-01-01

    neglected under the Spanish government, was inadequate, andand poverty as the Spanish government and the Spanish churchof a now-nervous Spanish colonial government. This immigrant

  13. Philippine Bases and U.S. Nuclear Weapons Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schirmer, Daniel Boone

    1983-01-01

    BASES AN-fJ U.S. NUCLEAR WEAPONS POLICY In 1947, when Unitedcould bring as many nuclear weapons as It wanted onto theinclude opposition to U.S. nuclear weapons and bases In the

  14. The Hard Disk Drive Industry in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gwendolyn R. Tecson

    1999-01-01

    Singaporean-owned CAM Mechatronics also began producing HDDwere: Sunpino , CAM Mechatronics, and Seagate. The picturesuppliers, such as CAM Mechatronics, have set up parallel

  15. Spanish Colonial Liturgical Music in the Philippines: Inventing a Tradition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kendall, David Joseph

    2010-01-01

    changed B-sharp to B-natural. Credo m. 18 - changed B-sharpB-sharps to B-naturals. Credo 2 mm. 1, 6, 19, 32 - combinedB-sharp to B-natural. Credo 3 m. 9 - changed B-sharps to B-

  16. Reef Rehabilitation Project of the Central Philippines Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raymundo, Laurie

    diversity and biomass. Existing rehabilitation methods, such as coral transplantation, are unsuitable on deploying six mesh plots within the rubble field, anchoring them in place, and weighting them down immediately after plot deployment. The second year focused on monitoring coral and fish recruitment

  17. Davao: A Case Study in Japanese-Philippine Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Grant K.

    1967-01-01

    , reserved by executive order vast tracts of land in Davao for homesteads and had canceled some one hundred applications of Filipinos seeking shore leases on the Gulf of Davao because the applicants were "acting for Japanese third parties,"63..., reserved by executive order vast tracts of land in Davao for homesteads and had canceled some one hundred applications of Filipinos seeking shore leases on the Gulf of Davao because the applicants were "acting for Japanese third parties,"63...

  18. Monitoring the Bulalo geothermal reservoir, Philippines, using precision gravity data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    San Andres, R.B.; Pedersen, J.R.

    1993-10-01

    Precision gravity monitoring of the Bulalo geothermal field began in 1980 to estimate the natural mass recharge to the reservoir. Between 1980 and 1991, gravity decreases exceeding 2.5 {times} 10{sup {minus}6} N/kg (250 microgals) were observed in response to fluid withdrawals. A maximum rate of {minus}26 microgals per year was observed near the production center. Mass discharges predicted by recent reservoir simulation modeling generally match those inferred from the observed gravity data. According to simulation studies, no recharge occurred between 1980 and 1984. The mass recharge between 1984 and 1991 was estimated to be 30% of net fluid withdrawal during the same period, equivalent to an average rate of 175 kg/s (630 metric tons per hour).

  19. Status report of wind energy programs in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benavidez, P.J.

    1996-12-31

    This paper discusses the wind resource assessment activities being undertaken by the National Power Corporation at the extreme northern part of Luzon island. Preliminary results from the 10-month wind data are presented. This will give prospective wind developers all idea oil tile vast resources of wind energy available in the northern part of the country. This paper will also discuss briefly the stand-alone 10 kW wind turbine system that was commissioned early this year and the guidelines being drafted for the entry of new and renewable energy sources in the country`s energy generation mix. 4 figs., 1 tab.

  20. Development history of the Tiwi geothermal field, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gambill, D.T.; Beraquit, D.B.

    1993-10-01

    Commercial production of electricity from the Tiwi geothermal system began in 1979. In 1982, Tiwi became the world`s first water-dominated system to produce more than 160 MWe. Today the field supplies about 11% of Luzon`s electricity. Initially, the reservoir was single-phase liquid with a small, shallow steam zone on the east side. Temperature reversals in the first wells showed the east to be an outflow zone. As production began, reservoir pressure declined, two-phase conditions developed, and groundwater entered the reservoir from the east. As many productions wells cooled, brine production increased and generation decreased from about 280 MWe in 1983 to about 190 MWe in 1986. Improvements to surface facilities and new wells drilled farther west raised generation to about 280 MWe by mid-1993. Separated brine was first injected into the reservoir, but this lowered steam production; injection is now outside the field.

  1. Bahay Kawayan. A Transitional House for the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gatóo, Ana; Wagemann, Elizabeth; Ramage, Michael H.

    2015-01-01

    , and the spatial qualities of the design. The project featured as a winning entry in the international competition ‘Versus: Lessons from vernacular heritage for sustainable architecture’ held in September 2014. On the 8th of November 2013, Typhoon Haiyan... by a new team. The project was awarded Third Prize in the international conference on Vernacular Heritage, Sustainability and Earthen Architecture, held in Spain in September 2014. The competition was called ‘Versus: Lessons from vernacular...

  2. Philippines-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  3. Petrology Of Philippine Geothermal Systems And The Application...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (2) to assist in determining the depth at which the production casing will be set during drilling; (3) to estimate fluid pH and other chemical parameters; (4) to predict possible...

  4. Welfare Impacts of Electricity Generation Sector Reform in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toba, Natsuko

    2004-06-16

    ) and the lack of a long-term debt instrument in the domestic financial system; (iv) inordinate delays in implementing new base load plants and in environmental clearances due to the public protests; (v) declining hydro power generation capacity; (vi...

  5. Petrology Of Philippine Geothermal Systems And The Application Of

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975) | Open Energy Information Roosevelt

  6. Philippines-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975) | Open Energy Information3Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Jump

  7. Philippines-DCA LGUGC Evaluation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975) | Open Energy Information3Clean Technology Fund (CTF)

  8. Philippines-Ortigas Greenways: Demonstrating Innovation in Walkable

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975) | Open Energy Information3Clean Technology Fund

  9. Philippines-Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975) | Open Energy Information3Clean Technology FundSmallholder

  10. Philippines-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975) | Open Energy Information3Clean Technology

  11. NREL: International Activities - Philippines Wind Resource Maps and Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines lightGeospatial Toolkit The Geospatial Toolkit is an NREL-developedA map

  12. Energy Efficiency Practitioners Association of the Philippines | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  13. Philippines-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  14. Philippines-Measuring, Reporting, and Verifying (MRV) of Transport

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  15. Philippines-Measuring, Reporting, and Verifying (MRV) of Transport

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. Philippines-Ortigas Greenways: Demonstrating Innovation in Walkable

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  17. Philippines-Support for the National Climate Commission | Open Energy

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  18. Philippines-Support for the National Climate Commission | Open Energy

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  19. Philippines-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  20. Water Sampling At International Geothermal Area, Philippines (Wood, 2002) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  1. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios TowardsInformation Reducing the GHGMandaluyong City,

  2. Core Analysis At International Geothermal Area, Philippines (Laney, 2005) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower Ventures JumpCommercialRenewableGlobal L PGabbs Valley Area (DOEOpen

  3. Cuttings Analysis At International Geothermal Area, Philippines (Laney,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation9) Wind Farm JumpAlum| Open Energy2005) | Open

  4. Philippines-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  5. Philippines-Low Carbon Plan (LCP) | Open Energy Information

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  6. Philippines-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy

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  7. Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  8. Philippines-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorthInformationPersuPlan (LCP) JumpEnergy

  9. Nanyang Chinese National Salvation Movement, 1937-1941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akashi, Yoji

    1970-01-01

    began in 1924 to establish its network in Nanyang Hua-ch'iao communities. By the time the Second Party Congress met in 1926, the KMT had set up headquarters in Burma, French Indochina, Nanyang (Malaya-Dutch Indies), the Philippines, 3 FIGURE 1 A... Guinea, Celebes, and Malay Peninsula, Burma, Siam, and Indo-China."33 After the consummation of the KMT-Communist united front, Communist parties and their affiliates in Southeast Asia were increasingly oriented toward the Chinese Communist Party.34...

  10. A restoration plan for the Fly River, Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Kathleen

    2003-01-01

    Design and Evaluation of tailings dams. EPA530-R-94- 038.Kehdingen, 2001). Figure 7. Tailings dam construction overand multiple hillside tailings dam configurations (EPA

  11. An inhalation model of acute Q fever in guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell-Lodrigue, Kasi Elizabeth

    2009-05-15

    similar pathologic responses. Heterologous protection was confirmed by cross vaccination and challenge with RSA493 and Q217. A marked non-specific suppression of lymphoproliferation was noted at 14 and 28 days post infection with RSA493; similar...

  12. Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERC Hydroelectric Projects | Open

  13. Papua New Guinea Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomarPanich,east districtCo

  14. U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Separation, Proved Reserves(Million Barrels) Reserves5-2015 Liquefied Natural

  15. Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Low

  16. Papua New Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPanEnergy

  17. U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal,Demand Module of the NationalSales (Million2007-2014 Liquefied Natural Gas

  18. Africa Aerosol Optical Depth Obtained From MISR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    Faso Cameroon Equatorial Guinea Gambia, The Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Cameroon Equatorial Guinea Gambia, The Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Mauritania

  19. Is there an association between PEPFAR funding and improvement in national health indicators in Africa? A retrospective study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duber, Herbert C; Coates, Thomas J; Szekeras, Greg; Kaji, Amy H; Lewis, Roger J

    2010-01-01

    Guinea-Bissau, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali,Guinea Guinea-Bissau Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali

  20. S99STATE OF THE CLIMATE IN 2013 |JULY 2014 traveled east towards the waters north of Samoa. TC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Significant impacts from waves and winds in Cairns included downed power lines and damage to coastal hPa). Upon reaching Cat- egory 4 status on 9 March over the eastern Coral Sea, wave action cyclone heat potential--G. J. Goni, J. A. Knaff, and I-I Lin This section summarizes the previously

  1. International Projects: Education Grant value over $250,000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia

  2. Editors' Introduction: New Perspectives on 'The War-Prayer'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fishkin, Shelley Fisher; Tatsumi, Takayuki

    2009-01-01

    on the Philippine-American War, ed. Jim Zwick (Syracuse:Philippine-American War, and War: The Philippine-American War

  3. Filipino Intellectuals and Postcolonial Theory: The Case of E. San Juan, Jr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagano, Yoshiko

    2008-01-01

    After Postcolonialism: Remapping Philippine-United Statestrends and directions in Philippine studies, in terms of thein the context of Philippine historical experiences before

  4. Mark Twain's Final Offensive: 'the War-Prayer' and American Religious Nationalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaughan, Christopher A.

    2009-01-01

    to circulate it, the Philippine “insurrection” had beenof the Islamic southern Philippines, where the Spanish haddecision to take the entire Philippine archipelago, rather

  5. Making history from U.S. colonial amnesia : Filipino American and U.S. Puerto Rican poetic genealogies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caronan, Faye Christine

    2007-01-01

    San Juan Jr. , E. The Philippine Temptation. Philadelphia:Instruction in the Philippine Basic Education Program. ”in Representations of Philippine and Puerto Rican Tourism. ”

  6. Migrant Scribes and Poet-Advocates: U.S. Filipino Literary History in West Coast Periodicals, 1905 to 1941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vengua, Jean

    2010-01-01

    Los Angeles, V.N. Ramajo) Philippine Republic Press (San Francisco, Stockton) Philippine Review (formerly theMagazine. Berkeley) The Philippine Journal (Stockton, J.C.

  7. Legal and Economic Factors Determining Success and Failure in the Fight against Organized Crime: An Empirical Assessment of the Palermo Convention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buscaglia, Edgardo

    2008-01-01

    Venezuela, R Romania Croatia Brazil Philippines MoldovaHonduras El Salvador Croatia Brazil Philippines MozambiqueTimor Argentina Albania Croatia Brazil Philippines Yemen,

  8. CX-007384: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Improving Recycling Capacity and Solid Waste Education in American Samoa CX(s) Applied: B1.31, B1.35, A9 Date: 12/21/2011 Location(s): American Samoa Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  9. Last update / Dernire mise jour: 7/07/2005 EU Member States Other countries (continued)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Cindio, Fiorella

    American Samoa 108 China 100 Angola 237 Colombia 118 Anguilla 184 Comoros 114 Les per diems couvrent le

  10. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01

    Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliGuinea-Bissau » Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliGuinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali

  11. Managing the (Post)Colonial : race, gender and sexuality in literary texts of the Philippine Commonwealth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solomon, Amanda Lee Albaniel

    2011-01-01

    to Trooper” and Frick?s autobiography of Mayo for thegenre in 1946, his autobiography The Good Fight. A similarLopez?s essay; Quezon?s autobiography attempts to establish

  12. The Problem of Philippine Independence and Japan: The First Three Decades of American Colonial Rule

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Grant K.

    1972-01-01

    that the Filipinos will make a mess of it. History has not shown them capable of self-government." In addi tion, Kaneko scoffed at any idea of Japanese designs on the Philip pines. He pointed out that Japan had its own troubles in Taiwan, Korea, and Sakhalin... that the Filipinos will make a mess of it. History has not shown them capable of self-government." In addi tion, Kaneko scoffed at any idea of Japanese designs on the Philip pines. He pointed out that Japan had its own troubles in Taiwan, Korea, and Sakhalin...

  13. Lesser victories: a study of the Philippine Constabulary and Haitian Gendarmerie 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mihara, Robert Yoshio

    2009-05-15

    Determining what constitutes the proper role and characteristics of a constabulary has received renewed interest in recent years as the international community increasingly involves itself in peace and stability operations. ...

  14. Distribution of the birds of the Philippines: biogeography and conservation priorities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend; Ball, Lisa G.; Brady, Kelly W.

    2000-01-01

    included island area, maximum elevation, and Pleistocene patterns of connection and isolation. Reserve systems were developed based on heuristic complementarity algorithms, and compared with the existing Integrated Protected Areas (IPAS) system...

  15. Hydrology of the Greater Tongonan Geothermal system, Philippines and its implications to field exploitation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seastres, J.S. Jr.; Salonga, N.D.; Saw, V.S.

    1996-12-31

    The Greater Tongonan Geothermal Field will be operating a total of 694 MWe by July 1997. The field has produced steam for the 112.5 MWe Tongonan I power plant since June 1983. With massive fluid withdrawal starting July 1996, a pre-commissioning hydrology was constructed to assess its implications to field exploitation. Pressure drawdown centered at well 106 in Mahiao was induced by fluid withdrawal at Tongonan-I production field. This drawdown will be accelerated by major steam withdrawal (734 kg/s) upon commissioning of power plants at Mahiao, Sambaloran and Malitbog sectors. To resolve this concern, fluid injection will be conducted at the periphery of Mahiao to provide recharge of reheated reinjection fluids in the reservoir. At Mahanagdong, the acidic fluid breakthrough will unlikely occur since the acidic zone north of this sector is not hydrologically well-connected to the main neutral-pH reservoir as indicated by pressure profiles.

  16. The hydrological model of the Mahanagdong sector, Greater Tongonan Geothermal Field, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herras, E.B.; Licup, A.C. Jr.; Vicedo, R.O.

    1996-12-31

    The Mahanagdong sector of the Greater Tongonan Geothermal Field is committed to supply 180 MWe of steam by mid-1997. An updated hydrological model was constructed based on available geoscientific and reservoir engineering data from a total of 34 wells drilled in the area. The Mahanagdong; resource is derived from a fracture-controlled and volcano hosted geothermal system characterized by neutral to slightly alkali-chloride fluids with reservoir temperatures exceeding 295{degrees}C. A major upflow region was identified in the vicinity of MG-3D, MG-14D and MG-5D. Isochemical contours indicate outflowing fluids with temperatures of 270-275{degrees}C to the south and west. Its southwesterly flow is restricted by the intersection of the impermeable Mahanagdong Claystone near MG-10D, which delimits the southern part of the resource. Low temperature (<200{degrees}C), shallow inflows are evident at the west near MG-4D and MG-17D wells which act as a cold recharge in this sector.

  17. Continuous on-line steam quality monitoring system of the Bacman Geothermal Production Field, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solis, R.P.; Chavez, F.C.; Garcia, S.E.

    1997-12-31

    In any operating geothermal power plant, steam quality is one of the most important parameters being monitored. In the Bacon-Manito Geothermal Production Field (BGPF), an online steam quality monitoring system have been installed in two operating power plants which provides an accurate, efficient and continuous real-time data which is more responsive to the various requirements of the field operation. The system utilizes sodium as an indicator of steam purity. Sodium concentration is read by the flame photometer located at the interface after aspirating a sample of the condensed steam through a continuous condensate sampler. The condensate has been degassed through a condensate-NCG separator. The flame photometer analog signal is then converted by a voltage-to-current converter/transmitter and relayed to the processor which is located at the control center through electrical cable to give a digital sodium concentration read-out at the control panel. The system features a high and high-high sodium level alarm, a continuous strip-chart recorder and a central computer for data capture, retrieval, and processing for further interpretation. Safety devices, such as the flame-off indicator at the control center and the automatic fuel cut-off device along the fuel line, are incorporated in the system.

  18. Applications of stable isotopes in hydrological studies of Mt. Apo geothermal field, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salonga, N.D.; Aragon, G.M.; Nogara, J.B.; Sambrano, B.G.

    1996-12-31

    The local precipitation in Mt. Apo is depleted of heavy isotopes owing to high elevation and landward location of the field. Rainwaters infiltrate the shallow grounds, circulate in short distances with almost no interaction with the host bed rocks, and effuse in the surface as cold springs. Lakes and rivers are affected by surface evaporation while the acid SO{sub 4} springs are affected by both evaporation and steam-heating. Only the neutral-pH Cl springs have the signature of the deep thermal fluids. The parent fluids of the deep thermal brine contain Cl of 4,800 to 5,000 mg/kg, {delta}{sup 18}O of -4.62 to -4.13 {per_thousand} and {delta}{sup 2}H of -60.0 to -57.8 {per_thousand}. Inside the Sandawa Collapse, boiling of the parent fluids resulted in a two-phase reservoir with lighter isotope contents. The thermal fluids laterally flow towards the west where they are affected by cooling and mixing of cold waters. Deep water recharge has {delta}{sup 18}O of -10.00 {per_thousand} and {delta}{sup 2}H = -61.20 {per_thousand} which come from the upper slopes of Sandawa Collapse (1580-1700 mASL).

  19. Derivation and calibration of semi-empirical gas geothermometers for Mahanagdong Geothermal Project, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez, D.R.

    1996-12-31

    The dissolved CO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}S, and H{sub 2} gases in Mahanagdong aquifer fluids are controlled by specific gas-mineral equilibria. At temperature range of 250 to 310 {degrees}C, CO{sub 2} is buffered by clinozoisite + K-feldspar + calcite + muscovite (illite) + quartz mineral assemblage. For H{sub 2}S and H{sub 2} dissolved gases, they are more likely buffered by pyrrhotite + pyrite + magnetite mineral assemblage at similar temperature range. Calibration of five Mahanagdong (MG) gas geothermometers is presented, three of which used CO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}S, and H{sub 2} concentration in steam. The remaining two use CO{sub 2}/H{sub 2} and H{sub 2}S/H{sub 2} ratios. The calibration is based on the relation between gas content of drillhole discharges and measured aquifer temperatures. After establishing the gas content in the aquifer, gas concentrations were computed in steam after adiabatic boiling to atmospheric condition (100 {degrees}C), to obtain gas geothermometry functions. These functions could also be used in evaluating fraction of steam condensation and temperature of phase separation. A demonstration given the Mahanagdong fumarole data, indicates that there is generally a fair relation between computed temperatures using Mahanagdong gas geothermometers and the actual field trend`s temperatures.

  20. Hydrology of the Greater Tongonan geothermal system, Philippines, as deduced from geochemical and isotopic data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alvis-Isidro, R.R.; Solana, R.R.; D`amore, F.; Nuti, S.; Gonfiantini, R.

    1993-10-01

    Fluids in the Greater Tongonan geothermal system exhibit a large positive {sup 18}O shift from the Leyte meteoric water line. However, there is also a significant shift in {sup 2}H. The {delta}{sup 2}H-{delta}{sup 18}O plot shows that the geothermal fluids may be derived by the mixing of meteoric water with local magmatic water. The most enriched water in the Greater Tongonan system, in terms of {delta}{sup 18}O, {delta}{sup 2}H and Cl, is comprised of approximately 40% magmatic water. Baseline isotope results support a hydrogeochemical model in which there is increasing meteoric water dilution to the southeast, from Mahiao to Sambaloran and towards Malitbog. The Cl-{delta}{sup 18}O plot confirms that the geothermal fluid in Mahanagdong, further southeast, is distinct from that of the Mahiao-Sambaloran-Malitbog system.

  1. An assessment of the Tongonan geothermal reservoir, Philippines, at high-pressure operating conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarmiento, Z.F.; Aquino, B.G.; Aunzo, Z.P.; Rodis, N.O.; Saw, V.S.

    1993-10-01

    An evaluation of the Tongonan geothermal reservoir was conducted to improve the power recovery through reservoir and process optimization. The performance of the existing production wells was reviewed and the response of the field based on the anticipated production levels was simulated at various operating conditions. The results indicate that the Tongonan geothermal reservoir can be exploited at a high pressure operating condition with substantial improvement in the field capacity. The authors calculate that the Upper Mahiao and the Malitbog sectors of the Tongonan field are capable of generating 395 MWe at 1.0 MPa abs., on top of the existing 112.5 MWe plant, compared with 275 MWe if the field is operated at 0.6 MPa abs. The total capacity for the proposed Leyte A 640 MWe expansion can be generated from these sectors with the additional power to be tapped from Mahanagdong and Alto Peak sectors.

  2. Petrology and geochemistry of Alto Peak, a vapor-cored hydrothermal system, Leyte Province, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reyes, A.G.; Giggenbach, W.F.; Saleras, J.R.M.; Salonga, N.D.; Vergara, M.C.

    1993-10-01

    Based on detailed petrological information on secondary mineral assemblages and the composition of fluids trapped in inclusions and discharged from five wells, the Alto Peak geothermal field was found to represent a combined vapor and liquid-dominated system. A central core or chimney, with a diameter of about 1 km, a height of some 3 km and occupied by a high gas vapor (1.1 to 5.6 molal CO{sub 2}), is surrounded by an envelope of intermediate salinity water (7,000 mg/kg Cl) with temperatures between 250 and 350 C. The transition from purely vapor-dominated to liquid-dominated zones takes place via two-phase zones occupied by fluid mixtures of highly variable compositions. Much of the lower temperature, mature neutral pH Cl water is likely to have formed during an earlier stage in the evolution of the system. High temperatures of > 300 C, and associated alteration, are limited to wells AP-1D and the lower parts of AP-2D and are ascribed to re-heating by recent magmatic intrusions. The isotopic composition of the well discharges suggests that they contain some 40 to 50% of magmatic water. Alto Peak is considered a typical example of hydrothermal systems associated with many dormant volcanoes.

  3. Fracture permeability in the Matalibong-25 corehole, Tiwi geothermal field, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nielson, D.L.; Moore, J.N.; Clemente, W.C.

    1996-12-31

    The Tiwi geothermal field is located in southern Luzon on the northeast flank of Mt. Malinao, an andesitic volcano that was active 0.5 to 0.06 Ma. Matalibong-25 (Mat-25) was drilled through the Tiwi reservoir to investigate lithologic and fracture controls on reservoir permeability and to monitor reservoir pressure. Continuous core was collected from 2586.5 to 8000 feet (789 to 2439 meters) with greater than 95% recovery. The reservoir rocks observed in Mat-25 consist mainly of andesitic and basaltic lavas and volcaniclastic rocks above 6600 feet depth (2012 meters) and andesitic sediments below, with a transition from subaerial to subaqueous (marine) deposition at 5250 feet (1601 meters). The rocks in the reservoir interval are strongly altered and veined. Common secondary minerals include chlorite, illite, quartz, calcite rite, epidote, anhydrite, adularia and wairakite. An {sup 39}Ar/{sup 40}Ar age obtained on adularia from a quartz-adularia-cemented breccia at a depth of 6066 feet (2012 meters) indicates that the hydrothermal system has been active for at least 320,000 years. Fractures observed in the core were classified as either veins (sealed) or open fractures, with the latter assumed to represent fluid entries in the geothermal system. Since the core was not oriented, only fracture frequency and dip angle with respect to the core axis could be determined. The veins and open fractures are predominantly steeply dipping and have a measured density of up to 0.79 per foot in the vertical well. Below 6500 feet (1982 meters) there is a decrease in fracture intensity and in fluid inclusion temperatures.

  4. The Bulalo geothermal field, Philippines: Reservoir characteristics and response to production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clemente, W.C.; Villadolid-Abrigo, F.L.

    1993-10-01

    The Bulalo geothermal field has been operating since 1979, and currently has 330 MWe of installed capacity. The field is associated with a 0.5 Ma dacite dome on the southeastern flank of the Late Pliocene to Quaternary Mt. Makiling stratovolcano. The reservoir occurs within pre-Makiling andesite flows and pyroclastic rocks capped by the volcanic products of Mt. Makiling. Initially, the reservoir was liquid-dominated with a two-phase zone overlying the neutral-pH liquid. Exploitation has resulted in an enlargement of the two-phase zone, return to the reservoir of separated waste liquid that has been injected, scaling in the wellbores and rock formation, and influx of cooler groundwaters. Return of injected waters to the reservoir and scaling have been the major reservoir management concerns. These have been mitigated effectively by relocating injection wells farther away from the production area and by dissolving scale from wells with an acid treatment.

  5. Managing the (Post)Colonial : race, gender and sexuality in literary texts of the Philippine Commonwealth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solomon, Amanda Lee Albaniel

    2011-01-01

    and Egypt and the persistence of imperialistic power evenEgypt. 10 McClintock?s insistence on the centrality of power

  6. Copyright 2008 by Danilo T. Dayag. The Discourse of Print Advertising in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . For instance, van Mulken, van Enschot-van Dijk, and Hoeken (2005) aimed to find out whether slogans in ads, but the former were considered a better choice than the latter (van Mulken, van Enschot-van Dijk, and Hoeken

  7. Energy Demand and Fuel Supply in Developing Countries Brazil, Korea and the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant A.

    1984-01-01

    1 shows the primary energy supply i n 1961 and 1965. Thesmall f r a c t i o n o f the t o t a l energy supply.Table 2 shows the primary energy supply i n 1965 and 1973. o

  8. The geology and petroleum resources of Bondoc Peninsula, Tayabas Province, Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Wallace Everette

    1914-02-18

    or imperfectly bedded, bluish black shale with mi- nor sandy zones. The principal oil seeps are associated with the Bacau stage and shallow wells have obtained fair showings of oil in it. A single outcrop of volcanic agglomerate at this horizon..., but not of general occurrence. Gray shale, black shale, yellow and brown sandy shale, and sandstone interbedded in thin layers. Traces of oil and gas. Possible oil horizon in unexposed base. A single small exposure of volcanic agglomerate; \\ not of general...

  9. Placing Civilization: Progressive Colonialism in Health & Education From America to the Philippines, 1899-1920

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seager, Michael Allen

    2009-01-01

    nurse argued, that “costs less and lasts longer” among Filipina mothers as Americans considered their little or no knowledge of pediatric

  10. Imposing Capitalism: Japanese and American Colonialism in Taiwan, the Philippines, and Cuba, 1890s-1920s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzman, Marco Antonio

    2015-01-01

    The Brenner Debate! : Agrarian Class Structure and EconomicThe Brenner Debate! : Agrarian Class Structure and Economic

  11. Screening model optimization for Panay River Basin planning in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millspaugh, John Henry

    2010-01-01

    The state of the water resources of the Panay River Basin have motivated studies and initial basin planning to mitigate flood damages, to produce hydroelectricity, and to increase irrigated rice areas. The goal of this ...

  12. Pepot and the Archive: Cinephilia and the Archive Crisis of Philippine Cinema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Bliss Cua

    2010-01-01

    a three-foot-tall ceramic doll to whom the teen stars croonplaying the transvestite part of their doll-daughter. Mariathe famous three-foot ceramic doll featured in Guy and Pip…

  13. Imposing Capitalism: Japanese and American Colonialism in Taiwan, the Philippines, and Cuba, 1890s-1920s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzman, Marco Antonio

    2015-01-01

    United States, 1897-1903 Table 6.1 Indicators of development during the Japanese period in Taiwan Table 6.2 Estimated death rate

  14. Imposing Capitalism: Japanese and American Colonialism in Taiwan, the Philippines, and Cuba, 1890s-1920s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzman, Marco Antonio

    2015-01-01

    Colonialism: The Case of Taiwan. ” The Journal of EconomicThe Economic Development of Colonial Taiwan: Evidence andHo, Yhi-Min. 1971. “On Taiwan’s Agricultural Transformation

  15. Culture, Poverty and Necessity Entrepreneurship: The Academy for Creating Enterprise in Mexico and the Philippines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brewer, Jeremi

    2012-07-16

    This dissertation demonstrates how ACE has successfully equipped thousands of poor Filipinos with the tools necessary for them to raise themselves out of poverty by offering them a culture-specific curriculum that they can ...

  16. America's Next Top Model: The Philippines and the U.S. Empire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shalom, Stephen R

    2006-01-01

    Since the liberation of Iraq, we have discovered Saddam'sprovides a good model for Iraq today. That war, Boot wroteaccurate, the civilian toll in Iraq is already three times

  17. The Presidential Veil of Administrative Authority over Foreign-Financed Public Contracts in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desierto, Diane A.

    2009-01-01

    January 10, 2003. See "Public Says NEDA-ICC Still Neededin BOT Project Approvals", NEDA Press Release, at http://Below Php 500-M Under Revised NEDA-ICC Guidelines", Apr. 25,

  18. Characterization of Miocene-Pliocene carbonate platforms, southern Southwest Palawan Basin, Philippines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sta. Ana, Ma. Corazon Victor

    2009-06-02

    Isolated carbonate platforms and buildups of the Likas Formation provide a long record of carbonate sedimentation in the southern end of the Southwest Palawan Basin. While most carbonate platforms terminated in early Miocene and middle Miocene time...

  19. NREL-Philippine Wind Farm Analysis and Site Selection Analysis | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI Ventures Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name:NREL's

  20. Philippines-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorthInformationPersu Mobility|Report,Network

  1. Philippines-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorthInformationPersu

  2. Philippines-NAMA Programme for the Construction Sector in Asia | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorthInformationPersuPlan (LCP) Jump to:Energy

  3. Elemental and Technological Analyses of Basalt Adze Manufacture on Tutuila, Amerika Samoa: Economic Intensification and Specialization During the Monument Building Period 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Phillip R

    2013-06-05

    1.2 Cultural Chronology and Theoretical Framework ........................................3 1.3 Materials and Methods..................................................................................8 1.4 Section Introductions... 2.7 Statistical Methodology ..............................................................................24 2.8 Results .........................................................................................................24...

  4. The growth of New Guinea impatiens with controlled-release fertilizer in a recirculating subirrigation system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Daphne Ladean

    1999-01-01

    the effects of CRF prill removal from growing media prior to extraction for EC and pH. CRF drills were either removed or not, prior to extraction of the media. No significant differences in EC or pH were found between pots which had drills removed and those...

  5. Nature Macmillan Publishers Ltd 1997 Sir --Garcia-Guinea and Huascar1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalet, Xavier

    of the intense mining activity of the area. (There are more than 2,000 mining pits and 230 tailing dams and dumps of ecotoxic pollution of a coastal environment by mine tailings. The waste from mining operations ), and cause an accumulation of mining tailings and industrial waste. The most recent Unesco Science World

  6. Chapter 3: Searching for Guinea Pig B: Case Study in Online Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Vicki H.

    .com provide quick introduction to material · Primary sources give us most accurate specific information to gather identifying information (possibly from another source) for a more effective, focused search 3 that ­ Different sources differ in the quality of information 1-4 Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc

  7. Recognition and Strangeness in Marine Environmental Encounters on New Guinea's Far Western Coast /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ian Nicholas

    2013-01-01

    Global Environmental Change 16:253-267. Folke, Carl, Thomas Hahn, Per Olsson, and Jon Norberg 2005 Adaptive governance

  8. Nutritional Dimorphism in New Guinea Dioecious Figs George D. Weiblen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiblen, George D

    and female sexual functions, termed gall figs and seed figs, on separate trees. In dioecious figs wasps enter the flower-filled receptacle through a small opening at the apex. In exchange pollen from male flowers before flight and the search for receptive figs in which to oviposit, pollinate

  9. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    In Nigeria people steal oil. We don’t have that. It’s clean.Appel, Hannah 2011 Futures: Oil and the Making of ModularityWalls and White Elephants: Oil Extraction, Responsibility,

  10. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    storage, and offloading vessel (FPSO). With the productionhundreds of yards away, the FPSO was illuminated by its ownwould pull alongside the FPSO and leave with one million

  11. Abstract We examined dopaminergic neurons in the guinea pig retina; antisera against tyrosine hydroxylase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grzywacz, Norberto

    hydroxylase (TH), dopamine -hydroxylase (DBH), phenylethanol- amine N-methyltransferase (PNMT hydroxyl- ase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme for catecholamine synthesis, because norepinephrine

  12. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    Zones of Exclusion: Offshore Extraction, the Contestation ofsubsea to market—as “offshore. ” T AMERICAN ETHNOLOGIST,1425.2012.01389.x Offshore work American Ethnologist Figure

  13. Beyond the resource curse : mineral resources and development in Guinea-Conakry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diallo, Thierno Amadou

    2015-01-01

    Natural resource endowments are no guarantee of socioeconomic development. Many developing countries are rich in natural resources (minerals, oil, gas, hydropower), and yet many of their citizens remain in poverty and their ...

  14. Austronesians in Papua: Diversification and Change in South-Halmahera-West New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamholz, David

    2014-01-01

    lightning’ (R) RA: Biga ba?ni ‘fly (insect)’ (R); Fiawat benyuw ‘fly (insect)’ (R) CB: Umar bar ‘ball’ (

  15. Growth of New Guinea impatiens under no-leach drip irrigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pannkuk, Timothy Richard

    1995-01-01

    -P-K). This was done to determine the feasibility of growing this crop in a no leach system and to determine an optimal fertility rate. The experiment was conducted twice (winter and fall). In both experiments, the leached treatments had significantly larger fresh...

  16. Predicted velocity and density structure of the exhuming Papua New Guinea ultrahighpressure terrane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    Sarah J. Brownlee,1 Bradley R. Hacker,1 Matthew Salisbury,2 Gareth Seward,3 Timothy A. Little,4 Suzanne: Brownlee, S. J., B. R. Hacker, M. Salisbury, G. Seward, T. A. Little, S. L. Baldwin, and G. A. Abers (2011 ultrahighpressure (UHP) terranes are exhumed [Hacker and Peacock, 1995] has been a principal scientific goal ever

  17. 3 2 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement < Investigacin sobre la enfermedad del sueo/Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    llevadas a cabo a nivel institucional. Cuatro programas de Fondos de solidaridad prioritaria confirman esta contribución de los científicos a la enseñanza superior progresa de manera constante desde hace varios años medios puestos a su disposición para valorizar sus trabajos de investigación (registros de patente

  18. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    the production process—subsea to market—as “offshore. ” Tone million barrels. From subsea hydrocarbon deposit to theand marketization of subsea hydrocarbon deposits to proceed

  19. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    for example, Chinese investment or national oil companies,and investments intended to generate speculative profit in short-term spot markets are not easily separable in the oil

  20. Walls and white elephants: Oil extraction, responsibility, and infrastructural violence in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appel, HC

    2012-01-01

    extent to which oil’s enclaved investment can be ‘tightlyand foment ‘social investment’ of oil monies has intensi?edresponsibility for the investment of oil monies, but also o?

  1. The response of New Guinea impatiens to varying salinity levels in a subirrigation system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, Nancy Morgan

    1996-01-01

    Subirrigation is an alternative irrigation method for greenhouse crops. Lack of leaching poses the problem of high salt buildup in the root zone. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of saline irrigation water on a greenhouse...

  2. Multi-Dimensional Service Compositions L. Baresi, E. Di Nitto. and S. Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dustdar, Schahram

    software appli- cations: the Software as a Service paradigm and the idea of the Internet of Things: the Software as a Service paradigm and the idea of the Internet of Things. Software as a Service enables- ample AMI-C [1] and AUTOSAR [9] in the automotive in- dustry. The Internet of Things includes a number

  3. NATURE METHODS | VOL.2 NO.10 | OCTOBER 2005 | 721 Of guinea pigs and men

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    and companies. To combat this problem, the United Kingdom passed laws making it easier to prosecute animal that included threats, explosives and the theft of a dead family member's remains.Such terrorist actionsandtheir sympathy, they have been successful at forcing individuals and companies to accede to their demands

  4. Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomarPanich,east

  5. Papua New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomarPanich,eastInformation

  6. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Imports" ,"Click worksheet

  7. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008Wellhead PriceConsumption by9"CoalbedGas,+Annual",2014

  8. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Separation, Proved Reserves(Million Barrels)1973-2015

  9. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan FebCubicFracking,Michigan NaturalThousandThousand Cubic

  10. Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr 2012 2013 2014Thousand343 342 328 37056 57 61 12 9per

  11. Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3 of MasonPalcanOpenRural ElInformation

  12. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram GuidelinesThousand Cubic Feet)Thousand Cubic Feet)per

  13. Papua New Guinea-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPanEnergy Information

  14. Papua New Guinea-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPanEnergy InformationEnergy

  15. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPP UPDATE: April 15,Gas9,7 Glossary G L O

  16. Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the PriceAlaska NaturalCubic Feet)(Dollars per

  17. Twain's Rhetoric of Irony in 'the War-Prayer'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lock, Helen

    2009-01-01

    Mark Twain on the Philippine-American War. ” Fili- pinasof Christendom in the Philippines that would lead, in 1904-predetermined facts. The Philippine-American War—then and

  18. Cantanduanes Street and Other Fictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de la Fuente, Marco Paolo Reyes

    2013-01-01

    one whole week of Philippine cinema. We’d just finishedthe famous “Wally’s The Philippine Commonwealth (1932-1946)copies of both the US and Philippine constitutions; volumes

  19. Anti-War Statements in 'the War-Prayer' and 'the Private History of a Campaign That Failed'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oran, Maggie

    2009-01-01

    Twain’s response to the Philippine-American War, “The War-the Civil War and the Philippine-American War. Although thewars like that in the Philippines developed later in Twain’s

  20. Obama Administration Awards More than $119 Million for State...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to support energy efficiency and renewable energy projects in Alabama, American Samoa, the District of Columbia, Illinois,...

  1. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Alabama Alaska American Samoa Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Federal Florida Georgia Guam Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa...

  2. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Residential, Low Income Residential Savings Category: Solar Water Heat, Solar Pool Heating Refine your results Keyword(s) State All Alabama Alaska American Samoa Arizona...

  3. ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 02 PETROLEUM; 01 COAL, LIGNITE...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Philippines: Asia Pacific energy series: Country report Hoffman, S. 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 02 PETROLEUM; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; PHILIPPINES; ECONOMIC...

  4. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Philippines Asia Pacific energy series Country report Hoffman S ENERGY PLANNING POLICY AND ECONOMY PETROLEUM COAL LIGNITE AND PEAT PHILIPPINES ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ENERGY POLICY...

  5. Has Democracy Reduced Inequalities in Child Mortality? An analysis of 5 million births from 50 developing countries since 1970.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Antonio Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Pakistan Paraguay Indonesia Turkey Mali Ghana Cote d IvoireKyrgyzstan Bangladesh Niger Mali Ethiopia PhilippinesBangladesh Nigeria Niger Mali Uganda Philippines Turkey

  6. Application of Remote Sensing Technology and Ecological Modeling of Forest Carbon Stocks in Mt. Apo Natural Park, Philippines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leal, Ligaya Rubas

    2015-01-23

    This dissertation work explored the application of remote sensing technology for the assessment of forest carbon storage in Mt. Apo Natural Park. Biomass estimation is traditionally conducted using destructive sampling with high levels...

  7. Colonial Articulations: English Instruction and the 'Benevolence' of U.S. Overseas Expansion in the Philippines, 1898-1916

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Funie

    2013-01-01

    having overthrown the Spanish government here, was underat overthrowing the Spanish government. It was founded uponthe previous Spanish imperial government. By granting access

  8. Kumataro Ito, Japanese Artist on Board the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries Steamer Albatross During the Philippine Expedition, 19071910

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Fishes and Mollusks, United States him. The very little that is known about National Museum of Natural the Albatross have become unchal lenged common currency in the literature (Coker, 1947; Hedgepeth, 1945, 1947

  9. Getting Nurses Here: Migration Industry and the Business of Connecting Philippine-Educated Nurses with United States Employers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acacio, Kristel Ann Santiago

    2011-01-01

    the primary individuals who can activate migration, reallycapital in migration studies). The primary function of thekinds of migration patterns we see today. Primary evidence

  10. Carbon mitigation potential and costs of forestry options in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, the Philippines and Tanzania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Makundi, W.; Andrasko, K.; Boer, R.; Ravindranath, N.; Sudha, P.; Rao, S.; Lasco, R.; Pulhin, F.; Masera, O.; Ceron, A.; Ordonez, J.; Deying, X.; Zhang, X.; Zuomin, S.

    2001-01-01

    This paper summarizes studies of carbon (C) mitigation potential and costs of about 40 forestry options in seven developing countries. Each study uses the same methodological approach - Comprehensive Mitigation Assessment Process (COMAP) - to estimate the above parameters between 2000 and 2030. The approach requires the projection of baseline and mitigation land-use scenarios. Coupled with data on a per ha basis on C sequestration or avoidance, and costs and benefits, it allows the estimation of monetary benefit per Mg C, and the total costs and carbon potential. The results show that about half (3.0 Pg C) the cumulative mitigation potential of 6.2 Petagram (Pg) C between 2000 and 2030 in the seven countries (about 200 x 106 Mg C yr-1) could be achieved at a negative cost and the remainder at costs ranging up to $100 Mg C-1. About 5 Pg C could be achieved, at a cost less than $20 per Mg C. Negative cost potential indicates that non-carbon revenue is sufficient to offset direct costs of these options. The achievable potential is likely to be smaller, however, due to market, institutional, and sociocultural barriers that can delay or prevent the implementation of the analyzed options.

  11. Review of the origin of sulphur in DN-1 discharge and its implication for future development, Dauin prospect, central Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bayrante, L.F.; Hermoso, D.Z.; Candelaria, M.R.

    1997-12-31

    Well DN-1, the first exploratory well of the Dauin geothermal prospect discharged in 1983 substantial quantities of sulphur with a near-neutral pH fluid (pH 6.4 to 7.2) containing maximum chloride levels of 3,300 mg/kg, SO{sub 4} of 300 mg/kg; and high CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}S relative to the production wells in Palinpinon Field to the north. The chemistry of DN-1 discharge-fluid and the origin of sulphur have been the cause of apprehension for any future development due to concerns on the presence of a possible acid resource southeast of Cuernos de Negros. A reinterpretation of the previous and new surface data was undertaken in 1992 and 1996, including the origin of sulphur, to evaluate the potential of Dauin for development. The results indicate that the sulphur in DN-1 is formed from partial oxidation of hydrogen sulphide derived from the neutralised-acid fluids formed by sulphur hydrolysis at shallow levels but distant from DN-1. The study argues for the presence of near neutral exploitable resource in the prospect area.

  12. Lead exposure among small-scale battery recyclers, automobile radiator mechanics, and their children in Manila, the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suplido, M.L.; Ong, C.N.

    2000-03-01

    Blood lead (PbB) and hemoglobin levels (Hb) were determined in 40 battery repair/recycling shop workers, 16 radiator repair shop workers, and 20 children living in the immediate vicinity of these shops. Unexposed residents with similar socio-economic status were also investigated. Mean PbB level was significantly higher for battery workers when compared to radiator workers and unexposed adults. Among battery workers, 94% had PbB levels above the WHO permissible exposure limit of 40 {micro}g/dL for males and 30 {micro}g/dL for females. There was no demarcation between workplace and living quarters; therefore, workers' families were similarly exposed to hazards. Children living in the immediate vicinity of battery shops also had significantly higher mean PbB levels compared to radiator shop children and unexposed children. For workers with PbB > 40 {micro}g/dL, 90% were anemic. Linear regression showed a correlation between Hb level and log{sub 10}PbB. There was no significant relationship between anemia and blood lead in children. The authors conclude that radiator repair activities appeared to increase the body burden of lead, although not up to a level significantly different from unexposed counterparts. Battery recycling/repair activities, however, significantly increased blood lead levels in workers and their children.

  13. Application of geochemical techniques to deduce the reservoir performance of the Palinpinon Geothermal Field, Philippines - an update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramos-Candelaria, M.N.; Garcia, S.E.; Hermoso, D.Z.

    1997-12-31

    Regular monitoring of various geochemical parameters in the water and vapor phases of the production wells at the Palinpinon I and II sectors of the Southern Negros Geothermal Field have been useful in the identification of the dominant reservoir processes occurring related to the present exploitation strategy. Observed geochemical and physical changes in the output of production wells have dictated production and injection strategies adopted to maximize production to meet the steam requirements of the power plant. Correlation of both physical and chemical data have identified the following reservoir processes: (1) Injection breakthrough via the Ticala Fault of the highly mineralized (Cl {approximately}8,000-10,500 mg/kg), isotopically enriched ({delta}{sup 18}O = -3.00{per_thousand}, {delta}{sup 2} H = -39{per_thousand}), and gas depleted brine for wells in the SW and central Puhagan. Injection breakthrough is also occurring in Palinpinon II and has resulted in temperature drops of 5-10{degrees}C.2. Pressure drawdown enhanced boiling in the liquid reservoir with steam separation of 220-240{degrees}C, feeding wells tapping the natural steam zone. However, enhanced drawdown has induced the entry of shallow acid steam condensate fluids in some wells (e.g. OK-7, PN-29D, PN-18D), which if not arrested could reduce production.

  14. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island (Philippines), VII: Herpetofauna of Ilocos Norte Province, Northern Cordillera Mountain Range

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Rafe M.

    2012-01-01

    . This active subspecies basks in open sun and is extremely difficult to capture, despite being frequently observed (RMB personal observation). The conservation status of this widespread habitat generalist is “Least Concern” (LC). Location 4: KU 329521...–23. Eutropis multifasciata (Kuhl, 1820) We observed this species on edges of agricultural land surrounding Adams. Eutropis multifasciata is active in open sun and was observed on several occasions retreating into nearby shrubs following disturbance...

  15. The Coloniality of Neoliberal English: The Enduring Structures of American Colonial English Instruction in the Philippines and Puerto Rico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Funie

    2015-01-01

    Primary sources include materials located during archival fieldwork conducted at the José Rizal Library

  16. African Americans and the Spanish-American War and Philippine Insurrection: Military Participation, Recognition, and Memory, 1898-1904

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Timothy Dale

    2013-01-01

    and the Spanish American War. ” Indiana Magazine of History,the Spanish American War, The Sixth Virginia Volunteers. ”African Americans and the War Against Spain. ” The North

  17. The role of non-formal education in combating the HIV epidemic in the Philippines and Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morisky, Donald E.; Lyu, Shu-Yu; Urada, Lianne A.

    2009-01-01

    15–49) HIV infection in Taiwan till year 2003. Formosanaddition treatment, Taipei, Taiwan. The role of non-formalH. S. (2007). HIV-1 in Taiwan. The Lancet, 369(9562), 623–

  18. Status of non-electric use of geothermal energy in the Southern Negros geothermal field in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chua, S.E.; Abito, G.F. [Philippine National Oil Co., Quezon City (Philippines)

    1994-07-01

    A 1-MWt multi-crop drying facility using low-enthalpy waste geothermal heat is installed within the vicinity of the Southern Negros Geothermal Project (January, 1994). The plant is envisioned to demonstrate the direct use of geothermal resources for agro-industrial purposes and at the same time, provide major benefits by raising the quality of the agro-industrial products to meet higher standards. The development and design of the heat exchangers that supply the heat and the dryer used in the facility is presented. The process flow and the dryer parameters in the drying of coconut meat and other crops have been determined. The initial design of the dryers target the dehydration of coconut meat and other crops using boxes and trays.

  19. Analysis of Coconut-Derived Biodiesel and Conventional Diesel Fuel Samples from the Philippines: Task 2 Final Report

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageBlender PumpVehiclesThe Heat Is on in St.27American

  20. Deformation zone `jumps' in a young convergent setting; the Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt, New Guinea Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas, Chamot-Rooke

    Deformation zone `jumps' in a young convergent setting; the Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt, New The Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt in West Papua (Indonesia) has all the characteristics of a young orogen buttress. The construction of these two wedges is younger than 11 Myr. The structures of the Lengguru belt

  1. Alternating seismic uplift and subsidence in the late Holocene at Madang, Papaua New Guinea: Evidence from raised reefs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tudhope, A. W.; Buddemeier, Robert W.; Chilcott, C. P.; Berryman, K. R.; Fautin, Daphne G.; Jebb, M.; Lipps, J. H.; Pearce, R. G.; Scoffin, T. P.; Shimmield, G. B.

    2000-06-10

    are interpreted as reflecting alternating tectonic uplift and subsidence. Furthermore, the detailed structure and age relationships of the coral deposits indicate that both uplift and subsidence occurred rapidly, most probably as coseismic events with vertical...

  2. The role of CCL5 (RANTES) in the immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the guinea pig 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skwor, Troy Arthur

    2005-02-17

    Page 1 Ranking of Tuberculous Pleurisy Post-4 Days Induction...................................105 2 Primers Used for Real-time PCR ........................................................................117 3 Scoring of Granulomas 4... for the host phagocytes to release cytokines favoring the differentiation of CD4+ T helper cells into Th1 effector cells. The production of IL-12, IL-18, and IL-23 are pivotal in this step. These cytokines induce naive and memory T lymphocytes to release...

  3. Micronesica 37(1):57-68, 2004 Field Response of Guam Populations of the New Guinea Sugarcane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Gadi VP

    (Areca catechu L.), coconut palm (Cocos nucifera L.) and sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L). The most affected plants are coconut, betel nut, champagne palm (Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (Bailey), pritchardia palm

  4. The effects of protein deprivation on alveolar immunity in BCG-vaccinated and non-vaccinated guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimball, Milton Scott

    1984-01-01

    Il OOH'IHOI Ie ~ I 52 CHOW Ie I) . 11140 j$ . 110ee . 10041 ONOO 04040 2 4 WEEKS POST CNALLENCE Figure 15. Ef'feet of' Diet on Rate of' Phagocytosis 36 oaa LEOEHO EKI v~ R HHO-vaoo . aaaa '? . aaa ~ , Oooo 2 4 WEEKS POST CHALLENGE...

  5. A Bibliographic Memorial to Amilcar Cabral: Selected Survey of Resources on the Struggle in Guinea-Bissau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kornegay, Francis Jr. A.

    1973-01-01

    October 1971 , pp. 385-394. CABRAL, AMILCAR. A Brief Report126. Interview with Cabral. ----. "Guin6e: le pouvoir desa memoriaL to Ami.Lcar CabraL (L920-L973), what foL - lows

  6. Proceedings of the 9th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, pages 5962, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 12 and 13, 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , November 12 and 13, 2011. Philippine Languages Online Corpora: Status, issues, and prospects Shirley Dita on the building of online corpus for Philippine languages. As for the status, the Philippine Languages Online discussed in this paper. 1 Introduction The 171 living Philippine languages have been the subject

  7. Southeast Asia Research Centre Rolando G. TALAMPAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Po, Lai-Man

    Southeast Asia Research Centre Rolando G. TALAMPAS Asian Center University of the Philippines William Henry Scott, was the real freeman (timagua or timawa) in classical Philippine society because he in classic Philippine society," Philippine Studies Vol. 30 (Third Quarter 1982), p. 373. The same essay has

  8. GT Human Resources PERSONAL DATA FORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, Vietnam

  9. ORIGINAL PAPER Assessment of long-term variation in displacement for a GPS site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    of the Philippine Sea Plate, which lies the Eurasian Plate along the Ryukyu Trench. The movement of the Philippine of the Philippine Sea Plate at the western end of the Ryukyu subduction zone. Development of the active subduction on the junc- tion between the continental Eurasian Plate on the west and the oceanic Philippine Sea Plate

  10. User's Guide for the DNDC Model (Version 9.5)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Philippines), Robert Rees (UK), Yoko Nakagawa (Japan), Neda Farahbakhshazad (USA), William Salas (USA), Steve

  11. *Wright, D.J., Donahue, B.T., and Naar, D.F., 2002. Seafloor mapping and GIS coordination at America's remotest national marine danctuary (American Samoa), in Wright, D.J. (ed.), Undersea with GIS, ESRI Press, Redlands, California,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    true tropical coral reef in the sanctuary system. Until recently it was largely unexplored below depths, virtually nothing is known of shelf-edge (50-120 m deep) coral reef habitats throughout the world, and turtles, kelp forests, and coral reefs (Earle and Henry, 1999; Figure 3.1). Activities at these thirteen

  12. The metrics and correlates of physician migration from Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arah, OA

    2007-01-01

    South Africa Kenya Ghana Liberia Gambia Ghana EthiopiaEgypt South Africa Ghana Liberia Cape Verde Algeria MoroccoGuinea-Bissau Angola Liberia Equatorial Guinea Mauritius São

  13. Middletown, Connecticut 06459 Ebola Travel Advisory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Ellen

    community to refrain from nonessential travel to Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone returning to the state from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. It is important

  14. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    -Bissau Maldives Papua New Guinea Swaziland Anguilla Colombia Guyana Mali Paraguay Tajikistan Argentina Comoros

  15. Application Form for Screening Fee Waiver, 2015 Waseda University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaji, Hajime

    , Comoros, D.P.R.Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia

  16. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    -Bissau Malawi Papua New Guinea Swaziland Argentina Colombia Guyana Malaysia Paraguay Tajikistan Armenia Comoros

  17. Application Form for Screening Fee Waiver, 2014 Waseda University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaji, Hajime

    , Comoros, D.P.R.Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia

  18. Instituto de Ciencias del Patrimonio MEMORIA 2012/13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitze, Patrick

    Salnés), Guinea, Etiopía, Mongolia, Uruguay y Chile. La estrategia común del Incipit se articula a través

  19. Subscribe to daily environment news

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    : Strong Quake Strikes Papua New Guinea, No Damage BELGIUM: Airlines, US Cool to EU Emissions Trading

  20. Eruptive history and petrochemistry of the Bulusan volcanic complex: Implications for the hydrothermal system and volcanic hazards of Mt. Bulusan, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delfin, F.G. Jr.; Panem, C.C.; Defant, M.J.

    1993-10-01

    Two contrasting conceptual models of the postcaldera magmatic system of the Bulusan volcanic complex are constructed on the basis of a synthesis of volcanological, petrochemical, and petrologic data. These models predict that hydrothermal convection below the complex will occur either in discrete, structurally-focused zones or over a much broader area. Both models, however, agree that hydrothermal fluids at depth will be highly acidic and volcanic-related. Future ash-fall eruptions and mudflows are likely to affect the area previously chosen for possible drilling. Such risks, combined with the expected acidic character of the hydrothermal system, argue against drilling into this system.

  1. Comparison of EC-Kit with Quanti-Tray[tm] : testing, verification, and drinking water quality mapping in Capiz Province, Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuang, Patty

    2010-01-01

    This thesis accomplishes three tasks. First, it verifies the EC-Kit under different water source conditions by comparing it to a laboratory standard method, the IDEXX Quanti-Tray[tm]. The EC-Kit is a simple, inexpensive ...

  2. Alteration of volcaniclastic debris and basalts in a submarine remnant arc: deep sea drilling project site 448, Palau-Kyushu Ridge, Philippine Sea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldrich, Jeffrey Brooks

    1983-01-01

    and tholeiitic glass 14 days 200'-500'C 500-800 bars smectite, anhydrite, albite, tremolite-actinolite, chalcopyrite, pyrrhotite, hematite. fluid became acidic rock ? + Mg, Na, N 0 Ca, K, Fe, Mn, Si, Ca Bischoff and Dickson (1975) basalt glass 4752... to matrix ratio is seldom less than 2:1 and frequently as high 27 as 5:1. The matrix composition varies considerably from nannofossil chalk in Unit 10 to extremely altered basalt glass s'nards in Unit 44. Smectite clays are cosssonly the primary...

  3. Impact of a Social Influence Intervention on Condom Use and Sexually Transmitted Infections among Establishment-Based Female Sex Workers in the Philippines: A Multilevel Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morisky, Donald E

    2008-01-01

    Malow, R. (2005). “Impact of social and structural influencethe relative impact of structural and social influenceImpact of a Social Influence 1 Running head: IMPACT OF A

  4. Loyalty and Disloyalty to the Bourbon Dynasty in Spanish America and the Philippines During the War of the Spanish Succession (1700-1715)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olivas, Aaron Alejandro

    2013-01-01

    America, and the Canary Islands demonstrates a growingon the war in the Canary Islands from an Atlantic Worldthe conquest of the Canary Islands in the late fifteenth

  5. The amphibians and reptiles of Luzon Island, Philippines, VIII: the herpetofauna of Cagayan and Isabela Provinces, northern Sierra Madre Mountain Range

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Rafe M.; Siler, Cameron David; Oliveros, Carl Hirang; Welton, Luke Jarett; Rock, Ashley; Swab, John; Van Weerd, Merlijn; Van Beijnen, Jonah; Jose, Edgar; Rodriguez, Dominic; Jose, Edmund; Diesmos, Arvin C.

    2013-07-02

    an ga y/ B ar ri o G P S co or d in at es C ag ay an 1a G on za ga B ar an ga y M ag ra fil M t. C ag ua c ra te r 18 .2 13 N , 1 22 .1 10 E 1b G on za ga B ar an ga y M ag ra fil M t. C ag ua lo w e le va ti on 18 .2 36 N , 1 22 .1 04 E 2 G... on za ga B ar an ga y Sa nt a C la ra Pu ro k 7 18 .2 28 N , 1 22 .0 60 E 3 G at ta ra n B ar an ga y N as si pi ng 18 .0 54 N , 1 21 .6 41 E 4 Sa nt a Pr ax ed es T ag ga t Fo re st R es er ve 18 .5 80 N , 1 21 .0 10 E 5 L as am L as am C en...

  6. Official war maps: latest indexed map of the world, Cuba, Santo Domingo, Puerto Rico, West Indies, China and Philippine Islands, also other information of national interest 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1898-01-01

    . The experimental results indicate that injection rates play a very important role in affecting the recovery process, more so in the presence of fractures. At high injection rates, faster breakthrough of CO2 and higher oil bypass were observed than at low injection...

  7. Dawn J. Wright Department of Geosciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    for the Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary American Samoa Public Library, May 10, 2001 #12;#12;From the Entire types · Analysis functions · Decision-making, planning, science #12;FBNMS GIS (Av,AI on NT) #12;FGDC

  8. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marianas Islands, Palau, and American Samoa. Retrieval Terms: Agricultural systems, cropping experiments Methodologies and Applications for Pacific Pacific Southwest Island AgroforestryResearch Station General and applications for Pacific Island agroforestry; July 16-20, 1990; Kolonia, Pohnpei, Federated States

  9. Main Heading Caption describing picture or graphic.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and make it easier to read. R P Documentary Film 11 AM Saturday November 8, 2014 Philippine Cultural Center 4857 Baxter Rd, Virginia Beach, VA 23462 "Rescue in The Philippines" is a onehour documentary

  10. Analysis of Ebola Glycoprotein Sequences from Strains of Varying Lethality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    consists of Reston and Reston Siena/Philippine-92. Ebola Ivory Coast consists of only one known strain strain Reston Siena/Philippine-92 · Sudan Ebola virus o Ebola virus strain Sudan Boniface o Ebola virus

  11. Colonial Photography Across Empires and Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Mark

    2011-01-01

    One response of the Spanish government was to sponsor anof the Spanish colonial government in the Philippines, if

  12. development Not Available 15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; TONGONAN GEOTHERMAL...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    field Leyte, Philippines. Report on exploration and development Not Available 15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; TONGONAN GEOTHERMAL FIELD; GEOTHERMAL EXPLORATION; GEOTHERMAL POWER...

  13. South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, South Africa and Ukraine." References "UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services" Retrieved from "http:...

  14. Sustainable Urban Development Priorities - Development of a Rapid...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    planning, -LEDS, Policiesdeployment programs Website: cleanairinitiative.orgportalnode7870 Program Start: 2012 Program End: 2013 Country: India, Philippines Southern...

  15. Compound and Elemental Analysis At International Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Compound and Elemental Analysis At International Geothermal Area, Philippines (Wood, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity:...

  16. Megacities and Megatraffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kutzbach, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Egypt Nigeria Chile Thailand Mongolia Oman Turkey Jordan Mexico Colombia China Philippines Pakistan INCOME PER-CAPITA (PURCHASING-POWER

  17. Earth Planets Space, 61, 299318, 2009 Coseismic displacements and slip distribution from GPS and leveling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jian-Cheng

    -fault crustal deformation of active faults at the plate suture of the Philippine Sea plate and Eurasia on the characteristics of the suture zone between the Eurasian and Philippine Sea plates at the southernmost Longitudinal represents the plate suture of the active collision between the Eurasian and Philippine Sea plates in eastern

  18. Geographical Distribution of 3 He Ratios in the Chugoku District,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seno, Tetsuzo

    melting of the subducting Philippine Sea plate. The other source with pristine mantle material may component of melting of the Philippine Sea slab. Key words: Helium isotopes, magma source, subduction, Philippine Sea plate. 1. Introduction It is well documented that helium isotopic ratios can be useful

  19. Lithospheric structure of Taiwan from gravity modelling and sequential inversion of seismological and gravity data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    of the Philippine Sea plate and the Eurasian plate (Fig. 1) and results from the convergence of the Luzon volcanic arc on the Philippine Sea plate toward the Chinese continental margin on the Eurasian plate. In the northeast, the Philippine Sea plate subducts below the Eurasian plate along the Ryukyu Trench. In the south

  20. 1488 VOLUME 29J O U R N A L O F P H Y S I C A L O C E A N O G R A P H Y 1999 American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCreary Jr., Julian P.

    Meteorological Society A Climatology of the Circulation and Water Mass Distribution near the Philippine Coast by using historical data combined with observations from dozens of recent cruises near the Philippine coast the Philippine coast. 1. Introduction Recent studies of decadal climate variability have fo- cused on the water

  1. A thin-skinned collisional model for the Taiwan orogenyq Zhong-Yi Dinga,*, You-Qing Yangb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Youqing "Richard"

    and the Philippine Sea plate. Taking the theoretical results into account, a new type of plate convergence boundary as the result of the late Cenozoic convergence between the Eura- sian plate and the Philippine Sea plate. This conver- gence was considered to be an arc±continent collision between the Luzon volcanic arc (Philippine

  2. Phylogeography of the magpie-robin species complex (Aves: Turdidae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winker, Kevin

    ) reveals a Philippine species, an interesting isolating barrier and unusual dispersal patterns, and the Indian Ocean from Madagascar to the Greater Sunda and Philippine islands. Methods We sequenced 1695. saularis, making C. saularis polyphyletic. Malagasy and non- Philippine Asian populations form

  3. AutoCor: A Query Based Automatic Acquisition of Corpora of Closely-related Languages *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Builder are actually documents in other closely-related Philippine languages. AutoCor used the query generation method of closely-related Philippine languages and Tagalog. The performance of the system using with and without) like Tagalog and other Philippine languages. Unfortunately, to manually collect and organize a language

  4. TECTONICS, VOL. 17, NO. 6, PAGE 859-871, DECEMBER, 1998 Plate-boundary strain partitioning along the sinistral collision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jian-Cheng

    along the sinistral collision suture of the Philippine and Eurasian plates: Analysis of geodetic data between the Philippine Sea plate and the Eurasian plate in the southern Longitudinal Valley of eastern-Pleistocene Pinanshan conglomerate massif between the Coastal Range (the Luzon island arc belonging to the Philippine

  5. Oceanography | Vol.24, No.158 Ph i l i PPi N e S t r a it S Dy N a mi c S e x Pe r imeNt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Weiqing

    ocean prediction model for the Philippine Archipelago, a complex area in terms of geometry, bathymetry during the Philippine Straits Dynamics Experiment (2007­2009) observational program. The article focuses the Pacific are crucial for predicting ocean circulation in the Philippine Archipelago region. The lateral

  6. WALPERSDORF ET AL.: KINEMATICS OF THE SULA BLOCK, INDONESIA 1 Determining the Sula block kinematics in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vigny, Christophe

    , Indonesia Abstract. The point of convergence of the Eurasian, Philippine, and Australian Plates, is situated of the Australian Plate deflected by its collision with the Philippine Plate, hereby identifying the driving forces network in South East Asia covers the area adjoining the conjunction of the Eurasian, the Philippine

  7. Geochemistry of basalt from the Ayu Trough, equatorial western Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -long divergent margin between the Philippine Sea and Caroline plates located in the western Pacific near interaction among major plates, the Pacific, Indo- Australian and Philippine Sea plates, and the less well- known Caroline plate. The Ayu Trough forms the southeastern boundary of the Philippine Sea plate

  8. LIST OF PUBLICATIONS 1 Dietrich, V., and Oberhansli, R., 1975. Die Pillowlaven des Vispertales. Schweizerische Minera-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scherbaum, Frank

    "Ophiolites", W.G.o.t.I.P., 1977. Initial report of the geological study of oceanic crust of the Philippine of volcanic rocks. In Peive, A.V. (ed.): Geology of the Philippine Sea Floor, Nauka Publishers (Moscow), p, A.V. (ed.): Geology of the Philippine Sea Floor, Nauka Publishers (Moscow), p. 106­148. 13 Oberh

  9. RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2014JC010233

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Bo

    of 10 N­15 N and 160 E­170 E generates Rossby waves and affects the NEC bifurcation along the Philippine the Philippine coast. The poleward-flowing branch forms the root of the Kuroshio, while the equatorward- flowing the Philippine Sea. The southward component of this circulation near the western boundary causes the NEC

  10. Reappraisal of the Arc-Arc Collision in Taiwan Tetsuzo Seno1, *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seno, Tetsuzo

    ) a transform fault presently connecting the Manila and Ryukyu Trenches in the Philippine Sea - Eurasia relative) the western edge of the intermediate-depth seismicity associated with the Philippine Sea plate subduction into two parts by the NNW line directing along the Philippine Sea - Ryukyu forearc motion from its initial

  11. doi: 10.3319/TAO.2013.06.18.01(T) * Corresponding author

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jian-Cheng

    is situated in the convergent boundary between Eurasia and the Philippine Sea plate. The active plate of Taiwan, the Philippine Sea plate subducts under the conti- nental margin of the Eurasian plate to the Philippine Sea plate in south- ern Taiwan. Under this rather complex plate configuration of two opposing

  12. Howe, Bruce M. Bruce M. Howe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frandsen, Jannette B.

    Seagliders: Mobile Tomography Receivers for the ONR Philippine Sea Experiment, ONR (DURIP), Submitted, 2009 - 2010, $0.36M Howe PI Acoustic Seaglider: Planning for the Philippine Sea Experiment 20010-2011 ONR will continue collaboration through the acoustic Seaglider / Philippine Sea proposals above] SENSORS: ALOHA

  13. ADVANCES IN GEOPHYSICS, VOL. 50, CHAPTER 7 A SCATTERING WAVEGUIDE IN THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furumura, Takashi

    in the Philippine Sea plate. Seismograms in these high intensity zones show low-frequency ( f in the Philippine Sea plate and in the Pacific plate. A good representation of the behavior of scattering waveguide to the simultaneous subduction of the Pacific plate in northern Japan and the Philippine Sea plate in western Japan

  14. Active faulting and earthquake hazard: The case study of the Chihshang Fault, Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jian-Cheng

    is the present-day plate boundary between the Philippine Sea Plate and the South China block of Eurasia. Repeated in the N548W direction of relative motion between the Philippine Sea Plate and the South China shelf, the main boundary between Eurasia and the Philippine Sea Plate can be observed on land

  15. Leg 190 Preliminary Report58 Eurasian plate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philippine Sea plate ~4 cm/yr Shikoku Basin Fossilspreadingridge Kyushu-PalauRidge 132°E 134° 136° 138° 140 Eurasia plate Pacific plate Philippine Sea plate 70 Ma 30 Ma Eurasia plate Kula plate (?) 17 Ma Japan Sea) proto-Izu Bonin arc Japan Sea Shikoku Basin Philippine Sea plate Eurasia plate Eurasia plate Shimanto

  16. 0012-821X/$ -see front matter D 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2005.01.015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seno, Tetsuzo

    to loading and unloading of the subducting Philippine Sea plate using a 2-dimensional finite element method dehydrated from the subducting Philippine Sea and Pacific plates, partial melting of the mantle above the Pacific plate, and serpentinization in the wedge mantle above the Philippine Sea plate are possible

  17. Seismicity characteristics before the 2003 Chengkung, Taiwan, earthquake Yih-Min Wu a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    , the Philippine Sea plate plunges northward under the Eurasian plate along the Ryukyu trench, whereas the Eurasian plate subducts eastward beneath the Philippine Sea plate off the southern tip of the island of Taiwan on the Philippine Sea Plate. Most of the seismic activity in the Taiwan region, including many large earthquakes

  18. DOI 10.1007/s10872-015-0281-9 J Oceanogr (2015) 71:239249

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Bo

    2015-01-01

    variability of Pacificorigin sea level anomalies around the Philippine Archipelago Xiao Chen1,2,3 · Bo Qiu3 2015 1 Introduction The Philippine Archipelago is a critical region that plays an important role Pacific in the vicinity of the Philippine Archipelago vary on a wide range of spatio-temporal scales (e

  19. Geophys. J. Int. (2010) 181, 13131328 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04600.x GJIGeodynamicsandtectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Interseismic crustal deformation in southwest Japan is dominated by the subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate earthquakes (M = 8) have occurred every 100­200 yr along the Nankai trough, where the Philippine Sea Plate to estimate the coupling (or slip deficit) at the Philippine Sea Plate boundary in southwest Japan (e.g. El

  20. asgjkfhklgankjhgads Oceanography | Vol.24, No.114

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprintall, Janet

    x Pe r imeNt regional Oceanography of the Philippine archipelago By a r N O l D l . G O r D O N , J Southeast Asia to Australia. The northern segment of this system is the Philippine Archipelago (Figure 1a the southern Sulu Sea to the Sulawesi Sea. Once within the confines of the Philippine Archipelago, circulation

  1. Slab interactions in the Taiwan region based on the P-and S-velocity distributions in the upper mantle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    and the Ryukyu arc, separated with a transform fault. The NW movement of the Philippine Sea Plate led to first located in a contact zone between the Eurasian and Philippine Sea plates, the tectonic processes the Philippine Sea plate underneath the Luzon Island. The Taiwan Island is located at the junction between

  2. Observations of exchange between the South China Sea and the Sulu Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprintall, Janet

    and freshwater balance within the Philippine archipelago. The upper layer in Mindoro Strait has a distinctly] The Philippine archipelago is an oceanographically unique environment with a varied and complex ocean bathymetry). The processes governing variability within the Philippine seas occur over a range of spatial and temporal scales

  3. A Comprehensive Relocation of Earthquakes in Taiwan from 1991 to 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    of Taiwan, the Philippine Sea plate subducts northward under the Eurasian plate. Off the southern tip the Philippine Sea plate (Tsai et al., 1977). Figure 1 is a schematic diagram showing the major geologic settings and Philippine Sea plates, separates the region into two major tectonic provinces. The eastern side consists

  4. Crustmantle boundaries in the TaiwanLuzon arc-continent collision system determined from local earthquake tomography and 1D models: Implications for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    mantle lithosphere of the Philippine Sea plate. The plate interface dips to the east under southeastern of local earthquakes. The Mohos of the Eurasian and Philippine Sea plates are discon- nected across steepens into subvertical, again together with the plate boundary. The Philippine Sea plate Moho exhibits

  5. Active continental subduction and crustal exhumation: the Taiwan orogeny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Cheng-Horng

    . General background The island of Taiwan is located at a complex intersection between the Philippine Sea and Eurasian plates (Fig. 1). East of Taiwan, the Philippine Sea plate subducts northward beneath the Ryukyu subducts to the east beneath the Philippine Sea plate (Tsai et al., 1977). The major part of the island

  6. TAO, Vol. 10, No. 4, 719-736, December 1999 Development of an Integrated Earthquake Early Warning System in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    Circum-Pacific seismic belt. The Philippine Sea plate subducts northward under the Eurasia plate along the Philippine Sea plate off the southern tip of Taiwan. Most of Taiwan is under NW-SE compression of the Philippine Sea plate northward under the Eurasia plate (e.g., near and offshore of Hualien), and the ones

  7. Earth Planets Space, 56, 621633, 2004 Intermediate-term precursors of great subduction zone earthquakes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seno, Tetsuzo

    , 2004) The Philippine Sea coast of central-southwest Japan tilts oceanward during interseismic periods, Philippine Sea, Tokai, Kanto. 1. Introduction Along the Nankai Trough off Central­Southwest Japan, where the Philippine Sea plate (PHS) is subducting beneath the Eurasian plate in the WNW direction at rates of 4­5 cm

  8. For permission to copy, contact editing@geosociety.org 2005 Geological Society of America 969

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    with time as the Philippine Sea slab descended and slowly cooled. Adakitic dacites erupted after 1.7 Ma above the 100-km-depth contour of the sub- ducted Philippine Sea plate, suggesting that melting resulted-arc asthenosphere and subduction of the hot Philippine Sea slab appear to have been the main controls of magmatism

  9. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Weiqing

    ocean circulation and dynamics in the Philippine Archipelago region during 2004­2008 Weiqing Hana 3 December 2008 Keywords: Philippine Archipelago Straits Circulation and dynamics Transport a b s t r a c t The dynamics of the seasonal surface circulation in the Philippine Archipelago (117 E­128 E

  10. Author's personal copy Imaging of Vp, Vs, and Poisson's ratio anomalies beneath

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seno, Tetsuzo

    and Kirishima. The subducting Philippine Sea slab is imaged generally as a high-velocity anomaly down to a depth's ratio could be caused by fluid-filled cracks induced by dehydration from the Philippine Sea slab; Shikoku; Philippine Sea; Seismic tomography; Poisson's ratio; Serpentinized forearc mantle; Low

  11. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 91, 5, pp. 977985, October 2001 Surface Rupture of 1999 Chi-Chi Earthquake Yields Insights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wen-Shan

    Taiwan exists because of a complexity in the collision of the oceanic Philippine Sea plate and the Eurasian plate. To the south, an oceanic part of the Eurasian plate is sub- ducting beneath the Philippine. There the Philippine Sea plate is subducting beneath the Eurasian plate, and back-arc spreading is occurring along

  12. Seismic evidence for thermally-controlled dehydration reaction in subducting oceanic crust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rawlinson, Nick

    of the Philippine Sea slab immediately above it. These observations suggest that dehydration reactions accompanied-trench-trench triple junction with two obliquely subducting plates, the Philippine Sea and Pacific plates [Seno et al., 1996] (Figure 1). An area of slab-slab contact, where the bottom of the Philippine Sea slab

  13. Z .Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 110 1999 2141 Seismological structure of the upper mantle: a regional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaherty, James

    : old ;100 Ma Pacific Z .plate, younger ;40 Ma Philippine Sea plate, and Precambrian western Australia discontinuity separating them. The G is Z . Z .significantly deeper beneath the western Philippine Sea plate depth; shallow and bright beneath the Pacific, deep and dim beneath Australia and the Philippine Sea

  14. Low--frequency tremors, intraslab and interplate earthquakes in Southwest Japan--from a viewpoint of slab dehydration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seno, Tetsuzo

    Philippine Sea slab. However, there are some places without such LFT; they are N. Izu-Kanto, E. Shikoku above the 35­45 km depth surface of the subducting Philippine Sea Plate (PHS). In this article, we, in terms of dehydration of the PHS slab. 2. Low­­Frequency Tremor and Bathymetry of the Philippine Sea [5

  15. SYNTHESIS Integrating phylogenetic and taxonomic evidence illuminates complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGuire, Jimmy A.

    of the Asian biogeographic realm and separating it from the oceanic Philippines. Although Huxley recognized lineages document populations on Palawan to be closely related to taxa from the oceanic Philippines and oceanic Philippines. Among widespread lineages, we use phylogenetic data to identify the number of Palawan

  16. Effects of protein or zinc deficiency on cellular immunity in vaccinated and non-vaccinated guinea pigs with experimentally induced pulmonary listeriosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coghlan, Lezlee Helaine Graham

    1984-01-01

    values Diet Interval A PCV(X) Interval 8 PCV(X) LZ-V LZ-NV LP-V LP-NV 29. 883. 4 26. 1-2. 0 23. 722. 6* 27. 7?2. 5 31. 1?2. 4 29. 5-3. 0 23. 3?1. 3*, ? 30. 4-2. 4 C-V C-NV 30. 8-2. 0 28. 9?2. 4 31. 6-1. 3 29. 3-2. 0 Asterisk indicates a.../gram liver tissue Diet Interval A Interval 8 LZ-V LZ-NV LP-V LP-NV C-V C-NV 2. 08t0. 5 2. 21-0. 4 1. 72-0. 4 2. 40+-0. 8 2. 11t0. 9 2. 74+-0. 4 2. 28t0. 5 2. 22t0. 5 1. 90+-0. 5 3. 04-0. 8 2. 40t0. 6 2. 40=0. 5 Mean tSEM of 5-7 observations...

  17. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsMonthly","10/2015" ,"ReleaseVolume (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab atMonthly","10/2015"

  18. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008Wellhead Price (Dollars perSummary" ,"ClickAnnual",2014 ,"Release

  19. To: RIT Community From: Provost Jeremy Haefner and Sandra Johnson, Senior Vice President for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    (Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Nigeria). While there is no current cause for concern on our campus nonessential travel to Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia because of the unprecedented outbreak. Please see CDC

  20. EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE INFORMATION FOR NIH CLINICAL CENTER STAFF*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Jun

    in humans. The outbreak in 2014 in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia is the largest in history and is by far. The outbreak began in Guinea in December 2013 then spread to Liberia and Sierra Leone. A much smaller cluste