Sample records for guinea philip pines

  1. FRACTAL ANTENNAS Philip Felber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FRACTAL ANTENNAS by Philip Felber A literature study as a project for ECE 576 Illinois Institute of Technology December 12, 2000 (Revised: January 16, 2001) #12;2 Felber: "Fractal Antennas" Abstract 3 Introduction 3 Chronology 3 Background 4 Fractals 5 Antennas 6 Fractal Antennas 7 Applications 9 Classic

  2. Population Ecology Philip M. Dixon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Population Ecology Philip M. Dixon Department of Statistics Iowa State University 20 December 2001 Population ecology is the discipline in ecology that deals with the structure and dynamics (e.g. growth interacting populations. Population ecology is closely related to other ecological disciplines, e

  3. Black Pine Engineering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Black Pine Engineering is commercializing a disruptive technology in the turbomachinery industry. Using a patented woven composite construction, Black Pine Engineering can make turbomachines (turbines, compressors) that are cheaper and lighter than competing technologies. Using this technology, Black Pine Engineering will sell turbo-compressors which solve the problem of wasted steam in geothermal power plants.

  4. Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

  5. QER- Comment of Philip Saunders

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Dear Sir/Madam: Please oppose the Northeast Expansion of the Tennessee Gas Pipeline. For reasons having to do with climate change, which I don't need to explain to you, it is not in our interest to be enabling further carbon combustion here or anywhere else in the world. Natural gas is not needed in Mass. as a "bridge" fuel. Mass. is making good progress toward lowering CO2 emissions, and with continued declines in the cost of photovoltaic installations, changes in net meter regulations, and expansion of offshore wind power, Mass. can produce enough renewable energy to replace the electric power lost from the closure of coal-fired plants. To the extent that gas through the proposed pipeline will be exported, I see no reason for Mass. to bear the burden of providing natural gas to China and others. The pipeline would inevitably go through wetlands, conservation land, land trust land, and agriculturally restricted land, which owners, donors, and taxpayers have gone to great lengths and expense over the generations to protect. All of this would be undone and wasted, merely so Kinder Morgan could increase its bottom line. We'd be paying the price and they would be reaping the profit. Federal approvals for the project should be withheld. Thank you for allowing me to comment. Very truly yours, Philip Saunders, Jr., Ph.D. ___________________________ PHILIP SAUNDERS ASSOCIATES Economic and Financial Analysis

  6. Philips: Noncompliance Determination (2012-SE-2605)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Philips Lighting Electronics N. A. finding that basic model VEL-I S40-SC, a fluorescent lamp ballast, does not comport with the energy conservation standards.

  7. Lodgepole Pine Management Guidelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    decades or even centuries ago. Others are mixed with pine, Douglas-fir, and aspen at lower elevations. subalpine species such as Engelmann spruce, subalpine fir, and aspen at higher elevations, or with mixed

  8. Taxonomy, Phylogenetics, and Philip S. Ward

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Philip S.

    Chapter 1 Taxonomy, Phylogenetics, and Evolution Philip S. Ward 1.1 Introduction Since their origin features of evolutionary history. Species-level taxonomy has advanced more fitfully than ant phylogenetics and features of their biology are dis- cussed. The state of species-level taxonomy is eval- uated

  9. Producing Pine Straw in East Texas Forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Eric; Foster, C. Darwin

    2004-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Managing pine forests for the production of pine straw is a promising new enterprise in East Texas. This publication explains the processes and equipment needed to harvest and market pine straw....

  10. Black Pine Circle Project

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Mytko, Christine

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A group of seventh graders from Black Pine Circle school in Berkeley had the opportunity to experience the Advanced Light Source (ALS) as "users" via a collaborative field trip and proposal project. The project culminated with a field trip to the ALS for all seventh graders, which included a visit to the ALS data visualization room, a diffraction demonstration, a beamline tour, and informative sessions about x-rays and tomography presented by ALS scientists.

  11. Black Pine Circle Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mytko, Christine

    2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A group of seventh graders from Black Pine Circle school in Berkeley had the opportunity to experience the Advanced Light Source (ALS) as "users" via a collaborative field trip and proposal project. The project culminated with a field trip to the ALS for all seventh graders, which included a visit to the ALS data visualization room, a diffraction demonstration, a beamline tour, and informative sessions about x-rays and tomography presented by ALS scientists.

  12. Internship Philips Research North America, Briarcliff Manor, NY Philips Research North America (PRNA) is one of Philips' six worldwide research laboratories where

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Mark

    Internship ­ Philips Research North America, Briarcliff Manor, NY Philips Research North America an hour north of New York City. Length of Internship: 3 months Position Responsibilities: · Hands-on work to our area at the start and end of the internship. · If housing is necessary, PRNA supports home

  13. Internship Philips Research North America, Briarcliff Manor, NY Philips Research North America (PRNA) is one of Philips' six worldwide research laboratories where

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Mark

    Internship ­ Philips Research North America, Briarcliff Manor, NY Philips Research North America an hour north of New York City. Length of Internship: 3 months Position Responsibilities: · Gain knowledge expenses to our area at the start and end of the internship. · If housing is necessary, PRNA supports home

  14. TOMORROW: Department of Energy to Announce Philips Lighting North...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    American consumers and businesses money. Philips developed a highly efficient light emitting diode (LED) bulb to meet rigorous requirements of the L Prize competition - ensuring...

  15. austrian pine pinus: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at the Bulgarian subalpine forests - Macedonian pine (Pinus peuce University of Forestry (Bulgaria) 6 Ponderosa pine Current Figure S6a. Projected habitat of ponderosa pine...

  16. THE OXYGEN REQUIREMENTS OF SHELLFISH By Philip H. Mitchell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE OXYGEN REQUIREMENTS OF SHELLFISH ~ By Philip H. Mitchell 27 #12;Blank page retained for pagination #12;THE OXYGEN REQUIREMENTS OF SHELLFISH. By PHILIP H. MITCHELL. J1, The respiratory exchanges to temperature changes, a smaller utili- zation of oxygen in proportion to the body weight with increase in size

  17. Tappable Pine Trees: Commercial Production of Terpene Biofuels in Pine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PETRO Project: The University of Florida is working to increase the amount of turpentine in harvested pine from 4% to 20% of its dry weight. While enhanced feedstocks for biofuels have generally focused on fuel production from leafy plants and grasses, the University of Florida is experimenting with enhancing fuel production in a species of pine that is currently used in the paper pulping industry. Pine trees naturally produce around 3-5% terpene content in the woodterpenes are the energy-dense fuel molecules that are the predominant components of turpentine. The team aims to increase the terpene storage potential and production capacity while improving the terpene composition to a point at which the trees could be tapped while alive, like sugar maples. Growth and production from these trees will take years, but this pioneering technology could have significant impact in making available an economical and domestic source of aviation and diesel biofuels.

  18. Southern Pine Based on Biorefinery Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ragauskas, Arthur J; Singh, Preet

    2014-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This program seeks to develop an integrated southern pine wood to biofuels/biomaterials processing facility on the Recipients campus, that will test advanced integrated wood processing technologies at the laboratory scale, including: The generation of the bioethanol from pines residues and hemicelluloses extracted from pine woodchips; The conversion of extracted woodchips to linerboard and bleach grade pulps; and The efficient conversion of pine residues, bark and kraft cooking liquor into a useful pyrolysis oil.

  19. Evolution of resistance to white pine blister rust in high-elevation pines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tavener, Simon

    Evolution of resistance to white pine blister rust in high-elevation pines Mike Antolin, Stuart Station, USDA Forest Service Thanks: NSF award 0734267, USDA Forest Service Evolution of resistance p. 1/74 #12;The basic ecology Evolution of resistance p. 2/74 #12;High-elevation White Pines Habitat: dry

  20. Petroleum Service Projects in the Gulf of Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ken-Worgu, Kenneth Chukwumeka

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    carried out by the OIS group in the gulf of Guinea. The following are the specific projects in the Gulf of Guinea that I participated in: Managing delivering, maintenance and marketing of offshore vessels, Offshore pipe laying project, Integrated pipeline...

  1. Drowned carbonate platforms in the Bismarck Sea, Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffmann, Gary; Silver, Eli; Day, Simon; Driscoll, Neal; Appelgate, Bruce

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    subsidence caused by G. Hoffmann (&) E. Silver UniversitySea, Papua New Guinea Gary Hoffmann Eli Silver Simon Day

  2. Water in clay-water systems (1) Philip F. LOW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Water in clay-water systems (1) Philip F. LOW Department of Agronomy, Purdue University. Agric. Exp. Stn., West Lafayette, IN 47907, U.S.A. SUMMARY The swelling of clay-water systems and the thermodynamic, hydrodynamic and spectroscopic properties of water in these systems are discussed. The swelling

  3. Model checking Timed CSP Philip Armstrong Gavin Lowe Joel Ouaknine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouaknine, Joël

    Model checking Timed CSP Philip Armstrong Gavin Lowe Jo¨el Ouaknine A.W. Roscoe Oxford University Department of Computer Science Abstract Though Timed CSP was developed 25 years ago and the CSP for Timed CSP. In this paper we report on the creation of such a version, based on the digitisation results

  4. Against a Whole-Genome Shotgun Philip Green1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batzoglou, Serafim

    Against a Whole-Genome Shotgun Philip Green1 Department of Molecular Biotechnology, University. These are screened against a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) (or other large bacterial clone) library (Kim et. 1997, Bouffard et al. 1997), and BACs av- erage 130 kb or more in size in current libraries (Kim et al

  5. Lyapunov Exponents of Symmetric Attractors Philip J Aston Ian Melbourne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyapunov Exponents of Symmetric Attractors Philip J Aston Ian Melbourne Department of Mathematics & Statistics University of Surrey Guildford GU2 7XH, UK 15 February, 2006 Abstract The Lyapunov exponents by Aston & Laing of Lyapunov exponents for the complex Ginzburg­Landau equation. 1 Introduction

  6. Lyapunov Exponents of Symmetric Attractors Philip J Aston Ian Melbourne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyapunov Exponents of Symmetric Attractors Philip J Aston Ian Melbourne Department of Mathematics & Statistics University of Surrey Guildford GU2 7XH, UK 15 February, 2006 Abstract The Lyapunov exponents by Aston & Laing of Lyapunov exponents for the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation. 1 Introduction

  7. Pine Straw as a Ground Cover Mulch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Eric; Tate, Jay

    2004-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    , or half a pound of straw per square foot. An additional inch of pine straw may be applied each year for best appearance. A 40-pound bale will typically cover about 100 square feet (a 10- by 10-foot bed) to a 2-inch depth. For the same amount of coverage... using pine straw may be $1.60 to $4.60 per 10- by 10- foot bed (or 1.6? to 4.6? per square foot). Texas pine straw is available mainly to landscap- ers, but a retail market is developing and it will likely become more available at garden centers...

  8. ProteinProtein Docking with Backbone Flexibility Chu Wang, Philip Bradley and David Baker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, David

    ProteinProtein Docking with Backbone Flexibility Chu Wang, Philip Bradley and David Baker Department of Biochemistry and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195

  9. Pine Tree Development Zones Program (Maine)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Pine Tree Development Zones program offers eligible businesses the chance to reduce, and sometimes eliminate, state taxes for up to ten years. There is a statutory requirement of hiring a...

  10. Microsoft Word - Tall_Pines_CX.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Project Manager - KEWM-4 Proposed Action: Provision of funds to the Idaho Department of Fish and Game for purchase of the Tall Pines Property. Fish and Wildlife Project No.:...

  11. Papua New Guinea: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on oil exploration which is booming in Papua New Guinea (PNG) following a rash of license applications and farm-ins. Most activity is onshore, but success is beginning to drift offshore. Currently, 40 petroleum prospecting licenses (PPL) and one producing license are active, and eight more PPL applications are being considered. PNG is expected to become an oil exporter by September 1992 when initial production is expected from Iagifu, Hedina and Agogo fields.

  12. Developing methods for assessing Scots pine timber quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Developing methods for assessing Scots pine timber quality Timber production from Scots pine the results of a project to develop and test methods for assessing the quality of Scots pine timber from a means of identifying those trees most likely to produce falling boards in the higher quality appearance

  13. Stimulation of precocious flowering of rooted slash pine cuttings, loblolly pine grafts, and Virginia pine seedlings by two nitrogen fertilizers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holmes, Penelope Joy Dennis

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tree Improv Conf, St. Paul, Minn, p11-16. Heybroek, H . M. and T. Visser. 1976 . Juvenility in fruit growing and forestry. Acta Horticulturae 56:71-80. Hoekstra, P. E. and F. Mergen. 1957. Experimental induction of female flowers on young slash pine.... Fertilization of an eight- year-old slash pine plantation thinned for seed production. In Proc 10th South Forest Tree Improv Conf, Houston, Texas, p217-221. Mott, R. L. 1977. Rooting of conifer propaoules. In Proc 13th Lake States Forest Tree Improv Conf, St...

  14. Stimulation of precocious flowering of rooted slash pine cuttings, loblolly pine grafts, and Virginia pine seedlings by two nitrogen fertilizers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holmes, Penelope Joy Dennis

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tree Improv Conf, St. Paul, Minn, p11-16. Heybroek, H . M. and T. Visser. 1976 . Juvenility in fruit growing and forestry. Acta Horticulturae 56:71-80. Hoekstra, P. E. and F. Mergen. 1957. Experimental induction of female flowers on young slash pine.... Fertilization of an eight- year-old slash pine plantation thinned for seed production. In Proc 10th South Forest Tree Improv Conf, Houston, Texas, p217-221. Mott, R. L. 1977. Rooting of conifer propaoules. In Proc 13th Lake States Forest Tree Improv Conf, St...

  15. Pine Ridge Area Community Wildfire Protection Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    Pine Ridge Area Community Wildfire Protection Plan Update 2013 West Ash Fire: Wednesday August 29 the boundary of the original plan to include all the area within the Upper Niobrara White Natural Resource, 2012 #12;Facilitated by: Nebraska Forest Service In cooperation with: Region 23 Fire Protection

  16. Transpacific Transcendence: The Buddhist Poetics of Jack Kerouac, Gary Snyder, and Philip Whalen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giles, Todd

    2010-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    "Transpacific Transcendence: The Buddhist Poetics of Jack Kerouac, Gary Snyder, and Philip Whalen" examines the influence of East Asian literature and philosophy on post-World War II American poetry. Kerouac's "Desolation Blues," Snyder's "On...

  17. Southern Pine Electric Power Association- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Southern Pine Electric Power Association offers the Comfort Advantage Home Program which provides rebates on heat pumps to new homes which meet certain Comfort Advantage weatherization standards....

  18. armillaria pine rot: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    when indigenous forests are cleared for afforestation large indigenous trees In forestry situations, Armillaria root rot has been recorded on both pines 2 Lurking Peril in...

  19. Black Pine Engineering Wins Clean Energy Trust Clean Energy Challenge...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    power plants. Geothermal plants waste a portion of well steam due to steam compressors that remove harmful gases. The Black Pine Engineering system replaces current plant...

  20. Black Pine Engineering Wins Clean Energy Trust Clean Energy Challenge...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the Energy Innovation Portal Last week the student team of Black Pine Engineering from Michigan State University took top honors at the Eastern Midwest regional competition of...

  1. DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT1 PINE CREEK DAM, OKLAHOMA2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    #12;#12;DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT1 PINE CREEK DAM, OKLAHOMA2 DAM SAFETY MODIFICATION3 &4 Environmental Assessment Pine Creek Dam, Oklahoma Dam Safety Modification & Interim Risk Reduction Measure of Federal Regulations, Part 230, the Tulsa District has assessed the environmental impacts of modifications

  2. Quasi-Continuous Growth of Ultralong Carbon Nanotube Arrays Byung Hee Hong, Ju Young Lee, Tobias Beetz, Yimei Zhu, Philip Kim,*, and Kwang S. Kim*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Philip

    Beetz, Yimei Zhu, Philip Kim,*, and Kwang S. Kim*, Department of Physics, Columbia UniVersity, New

  3. Stress Testing of the Philips 60W Replacement Lamp L Prize Entry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poplawski, Michael E.; Ledbetter, Marc R.; Smith, Mark

    2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, operated by Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy, worked with Intertek to develop a procedure for stress testing medium screw-base light sources. This procedure, composed of alternating stress cycles and performance evaluation, was used to qualitatively compare and contrast the durability and reliability of the Philips 60W replacement lamp L Prize entry with market-proven compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) with comparable light output and functionality. The stress cycles applied simultaneous combinations of electrical, thermal, vibration, and humidity stresses of increasing magnitude. Performance evaluations measured relative illuminance, x chromaticity and y chromaticity shifts after each stress cycle. The Philips L Prize entry lamps appear to be appreciably more durable than the incumbent energy-efficient technology, as represented by the evaluated CFLs, and with respect to the applied stresses. Through the course of testing, all 15 CFL samples permanently ceased to function as a result of the applied stresses, while only 1 Philips L Prize entry lamp exhibited a failure, the nature of which was minor, non-destructive, and a consequence of a known (and resolved) subcontractor issue. Given that current CFL technology appears to be moderately mature and no Philips L Prize entry failures could be produced within the stress envelope causing 100 percent failure of the benchmark CFLs, it seems that, in this particular implementation, light-emitting diode (LED) technology would be much more durable in the field than current CFL technology. However, the Philips L Prize entry lamps used for testing were carefully designed and built for the competition, while the benchmark CFLs were mass produced for retail salea distinction that should be taken into consideration. Further reliability testing on final production samples would be necessary to judge the extent to which the results of this analysis apply to production versions of the Philips L Prize entry.

  4. Philips Lumileds Is Exploring the Use of Silicon Substrates to Lower the Cost of LEDs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With the help of DOE funding, Philips Lumileds is exploring the use of nitride epitaxy on 150mm silicon substrates to produce low-cost, warm-white, high-performance general-illumination LEDs. Most LEDs are made with C-plane sapphire substrates, but siliconat roughly half a penny per square millimeteris much cheaper, and it's also easier to obtain. Philips Lumileds is attempting to adapt the use of silicon to the manufacture of LEDs, drawing upon the knowledge base and depreciated equipment of the computer industry, which has been using silicon substrates for decades.

  5. A pillar in our Indian work: Daniel Gookin, the praying Indians, and King Philip's War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bane, Steven Kirk

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    "A PILLAR IN OUR INDIAN WORK": DANIEL GODKIN, THE PRAYING INDIANS, AND KING PHILIP'S WAR A Thesis by STEVEN KIRK BANE Submitted to the Off1ce of Graduate Stud1es of Texas ASM University 1n partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS August 1989 Major Subject: H1story "A PILLAR IN OUR INDIAN WORK": DANIEL GODKIN, THE PRAYING INDIANS, AND KING PHILIP'S WAR A Thesis by STEVEN KIRK BANE Approved as to style and content by: John Canup (Chair...

  6. A review of "Henry Vaughans Silex Scintillans: Scripture Uses." by Philip West

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alan Rudrum

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    REVIEWS 189 Philip West. Henry Vaughan?s Silex Scintillans: Scripture Uses. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. xii + 271 pp. $70.00. Review by ALAN RUDRUM, SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY. Henry Vaughan?s verse is saturated in biblical reference... Difficulty? Two British dissertations to my knowledge were never completed, and probably others elsewhere. Philip West?s book is then to be wel- comed; it appears at a good moment for Vaughan studies, stimu- lated as they have been in the past few years...

  7. USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-63. 2011. 365 Limber Pine Seed and Seedling Planting Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    source for many animals. Limber pine populations are declin- ing due to a combination of white pine such as rocks or stumps. Introduction Limber pine (Pinus flexilis) is a distinctive five-needled white pine-compete the shade-intolerant limber pine as the habitat nears succes- sional maturity (Baumeister and Callaway 2006

  8. The control of mercury vapor using biotrickling filters Ligy Philip a,b,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The control of mercury vapor using biotrickling filters Ligy Philip a,b,1 , Marc A. Deshusses b mechanisms existed. Sulfur oxidizing bacteria biotrickling filters were the most effective in controlling phase bioreactor; Mercury control; Combustion gases 1. Introduction Mercury (Hg) is a hazardous chemical

  9. Polynomial-Neural-Networks--B ased Mobile Robot Path C. L. Philip Chen and Farid Ahmed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Farid

    is then utilized to move the robot away from the obstacle or direct the rol)Ot along the contour of the obstaclePolynomial- Neural-Networks--B ased Mobile Robot Path Planning C. L. Philip Chen and Farid Ahmed for mobile robot navigation. The PNN is a feature-based mapping neural network which can be successfully

  10. Modeling of CO2 Reduction Impacts on Energy Prices with Modelica Philip Machanick1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machanick, Philip

    Modeling of CO2 Reduction Impacts on Energy Prices with Modelica Philip Machanick1 , Ariel Liebman1 and benefits, which may be better addressed by earlier interven- tion. In this paper we present a Modelica at the ap- propriate rate. In this paper we present a Modelica model which explores the trade

  11. Prediction of Seasonal Atlantic Basin Accumulated Cyclone Energy from 1 July PHILIP J. KLOTZBACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, William

    cyclone (NTC) activity (Gray et al. 1994) and accumulated cyclone energy (ACE; Bell et al. 2000) duringPrediction of Seasonal Atlantic Basin Accumulated Cyclone Energy from 1 July PHILIP J. KLOTZBACH-Interim) and explain over 60% of the cross-validated variance in post­30 June accumulated cyclone energy over

  12. Modelling Shea under Climate Scenarios Philip J Platts, Mahesh Poudyal, Colin J McClean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchant, Rob

    1 Modelling Shea under Climate Scenarios Philip J Platts, Mahesh Poudyal, Colin J McClean INNOVKAR Work Package 2 (Task 2.7) Annual Summary Report 2010 Citation: Platts PJ, Poudyal M, McClean CJ (2010-model' predictions (Platts et al., 2008). This procedure was repeated ten times, each time generating a new

  13. Norman Bourassa, Philip Haves and Joe Huang Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    temperature air or water to be supplied to condition the space, e.g. displacement ventilation, radiant coolingP2.1T1a2) A Computer Simulation Appraisal of Nonresidential Low Energy Cooling Systems in California Appraisal of Nonresidential Low Energy Cooling Systems in California Norman Bourassa, Philip Haves, and Joe

  14. Probe Based Dynamic Server Selection for Multimedia QoS Michael Searles, Philip Perry, Liam Murphy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    20/1 Probe Based Dynamic Server Selection for Multimedia QoS Michael Searles, Philip Perry, Liam one of a number of replica servers to use to satisfy client requests for multimedia content. Our scheme attempts to select the candidate server that can provide the best connection in terms of loss

  15. A Framework for the Analysis of Process Mining Philip Weber, Behzad Bordbar, Peter Tino

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tino, Peter

    1 A Framework for the Analysis of Process Mining Algorithms Philip Weber, Behzad Bordbar, Peter are with the School of Computer Science, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK. Email: {p.weber,b.bordbar,p.tino}@cs.bham.ac.uk. P. Weber is supported by a Doc- toral Training Grant funded by EPSRC and the School of Computer

  16. Forecasting OctoberNovember Caribbean hurricane days Philip J. Klotzbach1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, William

    Forecasting October­November Caribbean hurricane days Philip J. Klotzbach1 Received 22 April 2011; revised 1 July 2011; accepted 11 July 2011; published 30 September 2011. [1] October­November Caribbean. Largescale climate parameters associated with active late seasons in the Caribbean are investigated

  17. GROUND-COUPLED HEAT-PUMP-SYSTEM EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS* Philip D. Metz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    the cost and feasibility of a residential ground coupled heat pump space conditioning system requiring#12;GROUND-COUPLED HEAT-PUMP-SYSTEM EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS* Philip D. Metz _Solar and Renewables house in Upton, Long Island, New York has been heated and cooled by a liquid source heat pump using

  18. WHAT DOES DATABASE FEDERATION MEAN TO CRYSTALLOGRAPHY? Philip E. Bourne123

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bourne, Philip E.

    WHAT DOES DATABASE FEDERATION MEAN TO CRYSTALLOGRAPHY? Philip E. Bourne123 , Ilya N. Shindyalov1 More than ever crystallographers are faced with using a variety of databases, each with its own content, organization and query interface. Database federation offers the promise of a unified view of these disparate

  19. Risk-Limiting Audits for Denmark and Mongolia Philip B. Stark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stark, Philip B.

    Risk-Limiting Audits for Denmark and Mongolia Philip B. Stark Department of Statistics University, twice (or more). Mongolia uses Dominion imaging PCOS system Can we save effort and assure accuracy than the USA in ballot accounting. I don't yet know how Mongolia accounts for ballots. New

  20. FDR3 --A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    FDR3 -- A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong, Alexandre.roscoe}@cs.ox.ac.uk Abstract. FDR3 is a complete rewrite of the CSP refinement checker FDR2, incorporating a significant number describe the new algorithm that FDR3 uses to construct its internal representation of CSP processes

  1. FDR3 --A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    FDR3 -- A Modern Refinement Checker for CSP Thomas Gibson-Robinson, Philip Armstrong, Alexandre.roscoe}@cs.ox.ac.uk Abstract. FDR3 is a complete rewrite of the CSP refinement checker FDR2, incorporating a significant number describe the new algorithm that FDR3 uses to construct its in- ternal representation of CSP processes

  2. Mathematical Modeling of the Metastatic Jacob G. Scott, Philip Gerlee, David Basanta, Alexander G. Fletcher,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maini, Philip K.

    Dordrecht 2013 J. G. Scott () · D. Basanta · A. R. A. Anderson Integrated Mathematical Oncology, H. Lee · A. G. Fletcher · P. K. Maini Wolfson Centre for Mathematical Biology, Mathematical Institute, Oxford189 Chapter 9 Mathematical Modeling of the Metastatic Process Jacob G. Scott, Philip Gerlee, David

  3. Philips' LED Luminaires Brighten the Rensselaer Engineering Fabrication & Prototyping Facility (also known as the Machine Shop)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linhardt, Robert J.

    . #12;To help bridge its research efforts with currently available solid state lighting technology outreach to increase campus and community awareness as to the benefits of solid state lighting. About Royal a donation of LED fixtures from Philips Lighting. The Smart Lighting Sustainability Club, comprised

  4. High-resolution population grids and future scenarios for Tanzania Philip J. Platts & Ruth D. Swetnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchant, Rob

    this grid and the LandScan grid to remove all persons from these protected areas (Single Map Algebra Tool1 High-resolution population grids and future scenarios for Tanzania Philip J. Platts & Ruth D, were obtained by hindcasting the LandScan grid on a ward-by-ward basis, such that ward totals matched

  5. Variable ventilation induces endogenous surfactant release in normal guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutchen, Kenneth

    Variable ventilation induces endogenous surfactant release in normal guinea pigs Stephen P. Arold,1. Alencar, Kenneth R. Lutchen, and Edward P. Ingenito. Variable ventilation induces endogenous surfactant.00036.2003.--Variable or noisy ventilation, which includes random breath-to-breath variations in tidal

  6. Localized spatial and temporal attack dynamics of the mountain pine beetle in lodgepole pine. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bentz, B.J.; Powell, J.A.; Logan, J.A.

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Colonization of a host tree by the mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) involves chemical communication that enables a massive aggregation of beetles on a single resource, thereby ensuring host death and subsequent beetle population survival. Beetle populations have evolved a mechanism for termination of colonization on a lodgepole pine tree at optimal beetle densities, with a concomitant switch of attacks to nearby trees. Observations of the daily spatial and temporal attack process of mountain pine beetles (nonepidemic) attacking lodgepole pine suggest that beetles switch attacks to a new host tree before the original focus tree is fully colonized, and that verbenone, an antiaggregating pheromone, may be acting within a tree rather than between trees.

  7. Dental Disease of Rabbits, Guinea Pigs, and Chinchillas Rabbits, guinea pigs, and chinchillas frequently develop serious dental disease that at times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dental Disease of Rabbits, Guinea Pigs, and Chinchillas Rabbits, guinea pigs, and chinchillas. For example, a rabbit's teeth will grow 5-8 inches (12.7-20.3 cm) per year and a chinchilla's teeth will grow, and chinchillas have teeth (incisors) in the front of their mouths and teeth (premolars and molars, also known

  8. Large-scale eddies and their role in entrainment in turbulent jets and wakes Jimmy Philip and Ivan Marusic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marusic, Ivan

    Large-scale eddies and their role in entrainment in turbulent jets and wakes Jimmy Philip and Ivan jets and wakes Jimmy Philipa) and Ivan Marusicb) Department of Mechanical Engineering, University

  9. New Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Pine Mountain Builders, Pine Mountain, Georgia

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in Many DevilsForumEngines |New TechnologyNelson ConstructionPine

  10. Characteristics of pine needle combustion in a semi-gasifier burner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Liane Jessica

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The motivation behind this report was to develop a stronger understanding of pine needle combustion behavior in a semi-gasifier, in order to ultimately design an effective pine needle cook stove for people in the developing ...

  11. Experimental analysis of stove top designs for pine needle combustion in a semi-gasifier burner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roqu, Alyssa J

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The motivation behind this project was to develop a better understanding of the role that the stove top plays in a stove where pine needles are the main fuel source. Pine needles have distinct characteristics in their ...

  12. Identifying and assessing areas for pine woodland regeneration in the lowland savannas of Southern Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsigiannis, Panagiotis

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    (savanna woodlands) into open grasslands and shrubland formations with low regeneration of pine. The understanding of the relationship between pine savannas and various environmental factors is critical in devising sustainable management and conservation...

  13. Petroleum Service Projects in the Gulf of Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ken-Worgu, Kenneth Chukwumeka

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    to May 2011, I worked on seven projects for the company. The following are the specific services contracts in the Gulf of Guinea: 1. Managing delivering, maintenance and marketing of offshore Vessels: Tug Boats, Pipe lay / work / 184 Man Accommodation... in petroleum service contract jobs for the company. I have procured petroleum pipes, grid blasters, cranes, dozers, pipe cutters, swamp buggies, tug boats and barges for the company. I have negotiated a development agreement between Oil & Industrial Services...

  14. Philips Lumileds Achieves 139 lm/W in a Neutral White LED

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Philips Lumileds' LUXEON Rebel LED can now deliver 139 lm/W in a neutral white LED. The top bin LED, developed with a single InGaN die and phosphor conversion, shows high-performance characteristics up to 139 lm/W and 138 lumens at 350 mA, with a forward voltage of 2.83 V. The CCT of the device is 5385K and the CRI is 70.

  15. Disposal of chemical agents and munitions stored at Pine Bluff Arsenal, Pine Bluff, Arkansas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ensminger, J.T.; Hillsman, E.L.; Johnson, R.D.; Morrisey, J.A.; Staub, W.P.; Boston, C.R.; Hunsaker, D.B.; Leibsch, E.; Rickert, L.W.; Tolbert, V.R.; Zimmerman, G.P.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Pine Bluff Arsenal (PBA) near Pine Bluff, Arkansas, is one of eight continental United States (CONUS) Army installations where lethal unitary chemical agents and munitions are stored and where destruction of agents and munitions is proposed under the Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (CSDP). The chemical agent inventory at PBA consists of approximately 12%, by weight, of the total US stockpile. The destruction of the stockpile is necessary to eliminate the risk to the public from continued storage and to dispose of obsolete and leaking munitions. In 1988 the US Army issued a Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (FPEIS) for the CSDP that identified on-site disposal of agents and munitions as the environmentally preferred alternative (i.e., the alternative with the least potential to cause significant adverse impacts). The purpose of this report is to examine the proposed implementation of on-site disposal at PBA in light of more recent and more detailed data than those on which the FPEIS is based. New population data were used to compute fatalities using the same computation methods and values for all other parameters as in the FPEIS. Results indicate that all alternatives are indistinguishable when the potential health impacts to the PBA community are considered. However, risks from on-site disposal are in all cases equal to or less than risks from other alternatives. Furthermore, no unique resources with the potential to prevent or delay implementation of on-site disposal at PBA have been identified.

  16. Aftershocks of an Explosively Induced Mine Collapse at White Pine, Michigan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aftershocks of an Explosively Induced Mine Collapse at White Pine, Michigan W. Scott Phillips1 , D collapse and subsequent aftershocks at White Pine, Michigan, using an array of 12 seismic stations, sited controlled mine collapse at White Pine, Michigan gave us the opportunity to study a collapse

  17. POLYPROPYLENE COMPOSITES FILLED WITH STEAM-EXPLODED WOOD FIBERS FROM BEETLE-KILLED LOBLOLLY PINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Siqun

    POLYPROPYLENE COMPOSITES FILLED WITH STEAM-EXPLODED WOOD FIBERS FROM BEETLE-KILLED LOBLOLLY PINE of Tennessee Knoxville, TN 37996 (Received October 2005) ABSTRACT Beetle-killed loblolly pine chips were steam. Keywords: Beetle-killed pine, steam explosion, polypropylene composite, compatibilizer, flexural prop

  18. Effects of aerially applied glyphosate and hexazinone on hardwoods and pines in a loblolly pine plantation. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haywood, J.D.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Areas in a 4-year-old loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantation were treated with aerially applied Roundup (glyphosate), Pronone 10G (hexazinone), and Velpar L (hexazinone) plus Lo Drift (a spray additive). All herbicides were applied with appropriate helicopter-mounted equipment. The proportion of free-to-grow pine trees increased over a 2-year period in both the treated and untreated areas, but the increase was slightly greater in the treated areas. Final loblolly pine height, d.b.h., and volume per tree did not differ significantly among the four treatments. About 1,200 hardwood trees and 4,700 shrubs over 3 ft tall per acre were present at the beginning of the study.

  19. Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon/14/2008 12:55:54 PM] #12;Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Volume ('000 m3 import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea Reports (commissioned

  20. Effects of thinning on temperature dynamics and mountain pine beetle activity in a lodgepole pine stand. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bartos, D.L.; Booth, G.D.

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Temperature measurements were made to better understand the role of microclimate on mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus pondersae Hopkins (Coleoptera:Scolytidae), activity as a result of thinning lodgepole pine stands. Sampling was done over 61 days on the north slope of the Unita Mountain Range in Northeastern Utah. Principal components analysis was applied to all temperature variables. Most of the variation was attributed to two variables, coolest part of the night and hottest part of the day. The thinned stand was approximately 1 deg. C warmer than the unthinned stand.

  1. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES

  2. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

  3. , 20130256, published 7 July 20143692014Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B Mario Vallejo-Marn, Catriona Walker, Philip Friston-Reilly, Lislie Sols-Montero and Boris Igic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Igic, Boris

    , Philip Friston-Reilly, Lislie Sols-Montero and Boris Igic reveals a parallel shift in reproductive, Friston-Reilly P, Solis-Montero L, Igic B. 2014 Recurrent modification of floral morphology in reproductive strategy Mario Vallejo-Marin1, Catriona Walker1, Philip Friston-Reilly1, Lislie Solis-Montero1

  4. Loreen Meyer, King Philip HS biology teacher. (Staff photo by MARK MONDAY JULY 12, 2010 Last modified: Monday, July 12, 2010 2:15 AM EDT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hibbett, David S.

    Loreen Meyer, King Philip HS biology teacher. (Staff photo by MARK STOCKWELL) Print Page MONDAY-on activities and lab work. So says King Philip Regional High School science teacher Loreen Meyer, who now sits atop the food chain of her peers. Meyer recently became president of the Massachusetts Association

  5. Lumen Maintenance Testing of the Philips 60-Watt Replacement Lamp L Prize Entry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, Kelly L.; Hafen, Ryan P.; Hathaway, John E.; McCullough, Jeffrey J.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes testing conducted to evaluate the Philips' L Prize award winning 60-watt LED replacement product's ability to meet the lifetime/lumen maintenance requirement of the competition, which was: "having 70 percent of the lumen value under subparagraph (A) [producing a luminous flux greater than 900 lumens] exceeding 25,000 hours under typical conditions expected in residential use." A custom test apparatus was designed and constructed for this testing and a statistical approach was developed for use in evaluating the test results. This will be the only publicly available, third-party data set of long-term LED product operation.

  6. Philips Light Sources & Electronics is Developing an Efficient, Smaller, Cost-Effective Family of LED Drivers

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With the help of DOE funding, Philips Light Sources & Electronics is developing a new family of LED drivers that are more efficient and cost-effective as well as smaller in size than currently available drivers. The new drivers are switch-mode power supplies that are similar to today's drivers, but with an improved design. In addition, they have a different topologyboost plus LLCfor wattages of 40W and above, but they retain the commonly used flyback topology at lower wattages.

  7. Dr Philip Kraushaar | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurTheBrookhaven National LaboratoryJeffrey L Krause ChemicalDr. Philip Kraushaar

  8. Identification of drought responsive genes in aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) and loblolly pine (Pinus taeda.L)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathyan, Pratheesh

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    ...................................................................................................20 III DIFFERENTIAL EXPRESSION OF WATER-DEFICIT-GENES IN TWO POPULATIONS OF LOBLOLLY PINE (Pinus taeda L.) AND CHARACTERIZATION OF LEA MULTIGENE FAMILY MEMBERS ..........27 Introduction...: Comparison of LEA III protein from P.taeda at the amino acid level. (The bold capital letters indicate identical amino acids and the grey shading indicates the similar amino acids.).......................................................36...

  9. 146 USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-34. 2004. Abstract--Limber pine and Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine are currently threat-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pine is ex- periencing mortality in the Northern Rocky Mountains and the infection front con- tinues and Sullivan 2004), at a site that is more than 220 miles away from the former infection front. No mortality as erect trees, clusters of erect trees and as wind-sculpted wedge-shaped shrubs (krummholz). Limber pine

  10. EIS-0215: Pinon Pine Power Project, Tracy Station, NV

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) prepared this statement to assess the environmental and human health issues associated with the Pinon Pine Power Project, a proposed demonstration project that would be cost-shared by DOE and the Sierra Pacific Power Company (SPPCo.) under DOE's Clean Coal Technology Program. The proposed Federal action is for DOE to provide cost-shared funding support for the construction and operation of the Pinon Pine Power Project, a coal-fired power generating facility, which would be a nominal, 800-ton-per-day (104 megawatt (MW) gross generation) air-blown, Integrated Gasification Combined-Cycle plant proposed by SPPCo. at its Tracy Power Station near Reno, Nevada.

  11. Pinon Pine Tree Study, Los Alamos National Laboratory: Source document

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    P. R. Fresquez; J. D. Huchton; M. A. Mullen; L. Naranjo, Jr.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the dominant tree species growing within and around Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM, lands is the pinon pine (Pinus edulis) tree. Pinon pine is used for firewood, fence posts, and building materials and is a source of nuts for food--the seeds are consumed by a wide variety of animals and are also gathered by people in the area and eaten raw or roasted. This study investigated the (1) concentration of {sup 3}H, {sup 137}Cs, {sup 90}Sr, {sup tot}U, {sup 238}Pu, {sup 239,240}Pu, and {sup 241}Am in soils (0- to 12-in. [31 cm] depth underneath the tree), pinon pine shoots (PPS), and pinon pine nuts (PPN) collected from LANL lands and regional background (BG) locations, (2) concentrations of radionuclides in PPN collected in 1977 to present data, (3) committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE) from the ingestion of nuts, and (4) soil to PPS to PPN concentration ratios (CRs). Most radionuclides, with the exception of {sup 3}H in soils, were not significantly higher (p < 0.10) in soils, PPS, and PPN collected from LANL as compared to BG locations, and concentrations of most radionuclides in PPN from LANL have decreased over time. The maximum net CEDE (the CEDE plus two sigma minus BG) at the most conservative ingestion rate (10 lb [4.5 kg]) was 0.0018 mrem (0.018 {micro}Sv). Soil-to-nut CRs for most radionuclides were within the range of default values in the literature for common fruits and vegetables.

  12. Using climatic and soils information to project loblolly pine growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Diane Beth

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , field length, and prevailing wind directions and speeds. Wind erosion is not normally a concern in forested 25 areas. For both nitrogen and phosphorus, EPIC simulates fertilization, mineralization from crop residues and organic matter... Implications LITERATURE CITED VITA 111 112 115 119 127 LIST OF TABLES 1. Rainfall values for counties used in the study. 2. Descriptions of soil series used in the study' 3. List of crop specific parameters for loblolly pine used in the tree version...

  13. A Plea for Simpler Electricity Tariffs Philip E. Coleman and Christopher T. Payne, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Plea for Simpler Electricity Tariffs Philip E. Coleman and Christopher T. Payne, Lawrence asserts that electric rate structures in the United States are often so confusing that even large a simplified declaration (in tariffs and/or bills) to electricity customers of what their marginal costs are

  14. About the Impact of Model Risk on Capital Reserves: A Quantitative Analysis. Philip Bertram1, Philipp Sibbertsen and Gerhard Stahl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, Stefan

    About the Impact of Model Risk on Capital Reserves: A Quantitative Analysis. Philip Bertram1 the idea of model risk in the environment of internal model building. We define various types of model risk including estimation risk, model risk in distri- bution and model risk in functional form

  15. Gas-Phase Electrophilic Attack of a Double Bond Exhibits Stereoselectivity Philip S. Mayer and Thomas Hellman Morton*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morton, Thomas Hellman

    Gas-Phase Electrophilic Attack of a Double Bond Exhibits Stereoselectivity Philip S. Mayer alkoxycarbenium ions in solution, which then attack allylsilanes (X ) CH2,Y ) CH3),3 followed by departure ethers via internal attack by oxygen.4 In other instances (cf. the Mukaiyama aldol condensation,5 where X

  16. New coherent states and a new proof of the Scott correction Jan Philip Solovej and Wolfgang L Spitzer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New coherent states and a new proof of the Scott correction Jan Philip Solovej and Wolfgang L­Fermi potential yielding a new proof of the Scott correction for molecules. 1. Introduction In this paper we review a novel proof of the Scott correction for neutral mol­ ecules. So suppose, we have M nuclei

  17. Preliminary Report on the Feeding Habits of Tunas in the Gulf of Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and 72 skipjack tuna ( Katsuwonus pelamis ), captured in the Gulf of Guinea, contained mostly fishes ( Katsuwonus pelamis) are shown in figure 1. During the surveys, 171 yellowfin and 72 skipjack tunas were

  18. Pinon Pine Power Project. Annual report, August 1992--December 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This annual report has been prepared to present the status of the Pinon Pine Power Project, a nominal 104 MWe (gross) integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) power plant addition to Sierra Pacific Power Company`s (SPPCo) system. This project will also serve as a demonstration project cost-shared by the US Department of Energy (DOE) and SPPCo under DOE`s Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Program. The goal of the CCT Program is to demonstrate advanced coal utilization technologies that are energy efficient and reliable and that are able to achieve substantial reductions in emissions as compared with existing coal technologies. The Pinon Pine Power Project will demonstrate an IGCC system utilizing the Kellogg-Rust-Westinghouse (KRW) fluidized-bed gasification process operating in an air-blown mode with in-bed desulfurization and hot gas clean-up with a western bituminous coal. The Pinon Pine Power Project will be constructed and operated at SPPCo`s Tracy Power Station, an existing power generation facility located on a rural 724-acre plot approximately 17 miles east of Reno, NV.

  19. Studies on the immunosuppressive effects of alpha globulins obtained from guinea pig serum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowart, Richard Elmer

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDIES ON THE IMMUNOSUPP1KSSIVE EFFECTS OF ALPHA GLOBULINS OBTAINED FROM GUINEA PIG SERUM A Thesis by RICHARD ELMER COWART, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1976 Ma)or Subject: Microbiology STUDIES ON THE IFLMUNOSUPPRESSIUE EFFECTS OF ALPHA GLOBULINS OBTAINED FROM GUINEA PIG SERUM A Thesis by RICHARD ELMER COWART, JR. Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman...

  20. Philips Lumileds Develops a Low-Cost, High-Power, Warm-White LED Package

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With the help of DOE funding, Philips Lumileds has developed a low-cost, high-power, warm-white LED package for general illumination. During the course of the two-year project, this package was used to commercialize a series of products with correlated color temperatures (CCTs) ranging from 2700 to 5700 K, under the product name LUXEON M. A record efficacy of nearly 125 lm/W was demonstrated at a flux of 1023 lumens, a CCT of 3435 K, and a color rendering index (CRI) of more than 80 at room temperature in the productized package. In an R&D package, a record efficacy of more than 133 lm/W at a flux of 1015 lumens, a CCT of 3475 K, and a CRI greater than 80 at room temperature were demonstrated.

  1. Uranium hydrogeochemical and stream sediment reconnaissance of the Philip Smith Mountains NTMS quadrangle, Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Results of a hydrogeochemical and stream sediment reconnaissance of the Philip Smith Mountains NTMS quadrangle, Alaska are presented. In addition to this abbreviated data release, more complete data are available to the public in machine-readable form. In this data release are location data, field analyses, and laboratory analyses of several different sample media. For the sake of brevity, many field site observations have not been included in this volume. These data are, however, available on the magnetic tape. Appendices A and B describe the sample media and summarize the analytical results for each medium. The data were subsetted by one of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) sorting programs into groups of stream sediment and lake sediment samples. For each group which contains a sufficient number of observations, statistical tables, tables of raw data, and 1:1000000 scale maps of pertinent elements have been included in this report.

  2. I. Fjdd Ornidml.. 71 (1.:IK7-~"'J6 HABITAT OF BIRDS IN PONDEROSA PINE AND ASPEN/BIRCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ....., I. Fjdd Ornidml.. 71 (1.:IK7-~"'J6 HABITAT OF BIRDS IN PONDEROSA PINE AND ASPEN/BIRCH FOREST-le\\'d scales in ponderosa pine and quaking aspen (l'opuil", /rl'lIIll/oitil's)/paper birch ([Multl ptl in aspen/bird\\ than in ponderosa pille. Species richnes.~ Wd.~ generdlly lowt'r in ponderosa pine w;lh >40

  3. Biomass and Bioenergy 30 (2006) 316320 How to recover more value from small pine trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Preliminary results support the proposition there is an available, large supply of biomass with highBiomass and Bioenergy 30 (2006) 316320 How to recover more value from small pine trees: Essential USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, 2500 South Pine Knoll Drive, Flagstaff, AZ 86001

  4. Evaluating Ozone Air Pollution Effects on Pines in the Western United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    Evaluating Ozone Air Pollution Effects on Pines in the Western United States United States. Evaluating ozone air pollution effects on pines in the western United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSWGTR155. Historical and technical background is provided about ozone air pollution effects on ponderosa (Pinus

  5. Optimisation of steam extraction of oil from maritime pine needles S.A. REZZOUG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Optimisation of steam extraction of oil from maritime pine needles S.A. REZZOUG University of La Rochelle, LEPTIAB. EA 4226, UFR Sciences. Avenue M. Crepeau, 17042 La Rochelle, France tel: 33 (5) 46 45 86 15; fax: 33(5) 46 45 86 16; e-mail : sarezzou@univ-lr.fr Abstract Essential oil from pine maritime

  6. An adult pine weevil feeding on the bark of the main stem of a young tree.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be obtained by monitoring weevil development in the stump and associated root system (rootstump) to predict the pine weevil life cycle is expected to be similar to that at Thetford. Successful application of monitoring depends on a basic understanding of this life cycle. THE PINE WEEVIL LIFE CYCLE The length

  7. The use of mobile mapping technology to automate surveying and monitoring of southern pine beetle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petty, Saul David

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    FIGURE Page 1 Thesis outline???????????????????????... 3 2 SPBIS mobile mapping project flow chart????????????.. 11 3 Southern Pine Beetle distribution area??????????????. 15 4 The life stages of Dendroctonous... frontalis Zimmerman, the Southern Pine Beetle????????????????????????.. 17 5 The digital SPBIS survey form, pages 1-5????????????. 24 6 The SPBIS User interface with the screen prompts for uploading data from the mobile unit...

  8. A review of "The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe." by Philip S. Gorski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jakub Basista

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    72 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS Philip S. Gorski. The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. xviii + 249 pp. Paper $21.00. Review by JAKUB BASISTA... evades the proposed model and is an exception to the general process presented. Re- cently one more analysis of the process of formation of modern European states was proposed by Philip Gorski in his excellent work on the disciplinary revolution and its...

  9. Pinon pine project. Annual report, January 1995--December 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This annual report has been prepared to present the status of the Pinon Pine Project, a nominal 107 MWe (gross) coal-fired integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) power plant addition to Sierra Pacific Power Company`s (SPPCo) system. This project will also serve as a demonstration project cost-shared by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and SPPCo under DOE`s Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Program. The goal of the CCT Program is to demonstrate advanced coal utilization technologies that are energy efficient, reliable and able to achieve substantial reductions in emissions as compared with existing coal technologies. The Pinon Pine Project will demonstrate an IGCC system utilizing the Kellogg-Rust-Westinghouse (KRW) fluidized-bed gasification process operating in an air-blown mode with in-bed desulfurization and hot gas clean-up with a western bituminous coal as the design fuel. Testing will also be performed on a high-sulfur eastern coal. The Pinon Pine Project will be constructed and operated at SPPCo`s Tracy Power Station, an existing power generation facility located on a rural 724-acre plot approximately 17 miles east of Reno, NV. This new unit will be designated as Tracy Unit No. 4. SPPCo, the project participant, has contracted with the Foster Wheeler USA Corporation (FW USA) for the overall project management, engineering, procurement and construction of the project. FW USA in turn has subcontracted with The M.W. Kellogg Company (MWK) for the engineering and procurement of key components for the Gasifier Island.

  10. Pinon Pine Power Project. Annual report, January--December 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This annual report has been prepared to present the status of the Pinon Pine Project, a nominal 107 MWe (gross) integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) power plant addition to Sierra Pacific Power Company`s (SPPCo) system. This project is a demonstration project cost-shared by the US Department of Energy (DOE) and SPPCo under DOE`s Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Program. The goal of the CCT Program is to demonstrate advanced coal utilization technologies that are energy efficient and reliable and that are able to achieve substantial reductions in emissions as compared with existing coal technologies.

  11. Alabama Pine Pulp Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlinPapersWindeySanta2004)Airway Heights,Akins,Akun StraitJumpAlabama Pine

  12. White Pine County, Nevada: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown ofNationwideWTEDBird, Idaho: Energy Resources JumpMeadow Lake,West,Ohio:Pine

  13. Pembroke Pines, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian,Parle Biscuits PvtPawPearland,Peekskill,PelletPark,Pines,

  14. Southern Pines, North Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk,Southeast Colorado Power Assn JumpPines, North Carolina: Energy

  15. The Importance of Wellness Examinations for Your Exotic Pet Birds, reptiles, and small pet mammals, such as ferrets, rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, rodents,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , such as ferrets, rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, rodents, hedgehogs, and sugar gliders have the ability to hide

  16. Electron Transfer to SF6 and Oriented CH3Br Sean A. Harris, Susan D. Wiediger, and Philip R. Brooks*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Philip R.

    ARTICLES Electron Transfer to SF6 and Oriented CH3Br Sean A. Harris, Susan D. Wiediger, and Philip in collisions of unoriented SF6 and oriented CH3Br. For lab energies 5-30 eV, Br- is the only ion observed from the same energetic threshold for forming Br- . SF5 - , SF6 - , and F- ions are observed from SF6 and O2

  17. Restoring a disappearing ecosystem: the Longleaf Pine Savanna.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrington, Timothy B. [USFS; Miller, Karl V. [University of Georgia; Park, Noreen

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) savannas of the southeastern United States contain some of the worlds most diverse plant communities, along with a unique complement of wildlife. Their traditionally open canopy structure and rich understory of grasses and herbs were critical to their vigor. However, a long history of land-use practices such as logging, farming, and fire exclusion have reduced this once-widespread ecosystem to only 3 percent of its original range. At six longleaf pine plantations in South Carolina, Tim Harrington with the Pacific Northwest Research Station and collaborators with the Southern Research Station used various treatments (including prescribed burns, tree thinning, and herbicide applications) to alter the forest structure and tracked how successful each one was in advancing savanna restoration over a 14-year period. They found that typical planting densities for wood production in plantations create dense understory shade that excludes many native herbaceous species important to savannas and associated wildlife. The scientists found that although tree thinning alone did not result in sustained gains, a combination of controlled burning, thinning, and herbicide treatments to reduce woody plants was an effective strategy for recovering the savanna ecosystem. The scientists also found that these efforts must be repeated periodically for enduring benefits.

  18. Disposal of chemical agents and munitions stored at Pine Bluff Arsenal, Pine Bluff, Arkansas. Final phase 1, Environmental report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ensminger, J.T.; Hillsman, E.L.; Johnson, R.D.; Morrisey, J.A.; Staub, W.P.; Boston, C.R.; Hunsaker, D.B.; Leibsch, E.; Rickert, L.W.; Tolbert, V.R.; Zimmerman, G.P.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Pine Bluff Arsenal (PBA) near Pine Bluff, Arkansas, is one of eight continental United States (CONUS) Army installations where lethal unitary chemical agents and munitions are stored and where destruction of agents and munitions is proposed under the Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (CSDP). The chemical agent inventory at PBA consists of approximately 12%, by weight, of the total US stockpile. The destruction of the stockpile is necessary to eliminate the risk to the public from continued storage and to dispose of obsolete and leaking munitions. In 1988 the US Army issued a Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (FPEIS) for the CSDP that identified on-site disposal of agents and munitions as the environmentally preferred alternative (i.e., the alternative with the least potential to cause significant adverse impacts). The purpose of this report is to examine the proposed implementation of on-site disposal at PBA in light of more recent and more detailed data than those on which the FPEIS is based. New population data were used to compute fatalities using the same computation methods and values for all other parameters as in the FPEIS. Results indicate that all alternatives are indistinguishable when the potential health impacts to the PBA community are considered. However, risks from on-site disposal are in all cases equal to or less than risks from other alternatives. Furthermore, no unique resources with the potential to prevent or delay implementation of on-site disposal at PBA have been identified.

  19. The infectivity of Bunostomum phlebotomum to sheep, rabbits and guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boring, Gary David

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE INFECT1VITY OP BUNOSTOMUM PHLEBOTOMUM TO SHEEP, RABBITS AND GUINEA PIGS A Thesis By GARY DAVID BORING Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1964 Ma]or Sub)cot: Veterinary Parasitology THE INFECTIVITY OF BUNOSTOMUM PHLEBOTOMUM TO SHEEP~ RABBITS AND GUINEA PIGS A Thesis By GARY DAVID BORING Approved as to style and content by: i Ma (Chairman of Committee) /7 ~ 3...

  20. Inventory of Old Pine Nook Road Parcel on the Pocumtuck Ridge,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Inventory of Old Pine Nook Road Parcel on the Pocumtuck Ridge, Deerfield, MA Fletcher Clark Resources Inventory of Local Lands Class University of Massachusetts, Amherst Department of Environmental............................................................................................................13 7. Forestry Inventory

  1. Peter Siska*, Vaughn M. Bryant Jr**, I-Kuai Hung*** GEOSPATIAL ANALYSIS OF SOUTHERN PINE BIOME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, I-Kuai

    239 Peter Siska*, Vaughn M. Bryant Jr**, I-Kuai Hung*** GEOSPATIAL ANALYSIS OF SOUTHERN PINE BIOME AND POLLEN DISTRIBUTION PATTERNS IN SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES P. Siska, Vaughn M. Bryant Jr, I-Kuai Hung

  2. Microsoft Word - CX-LaPine-ChiloquinWoodPoleFY12_WEB.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: La Pine-Chiloquin No. 1 Wood Pole Replacement...

  3. Microsoft Word - CX-PilotButte-LaPineWoodPoleFY12_WEB.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    0, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Pilot Butte-La Pine No. 1 Wood Pole...

  4. Site name: Khorgo Lava Pine, Mongolia Collectors: A. Hessl, N. Pederson, Kevin Anchukaitis, John Burkhart,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pederson, Neil

    Site name: Khorgo Lava Pine, Mongolia Collectors: A. Hessl, N. Pederson Empire, and modern Mongolia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science collected in 2010 and 2012 across the Khorgo lava field near Tariat, Mongolia

  5. Fire Regimes and Successional Dynamics of Pine and Oak Forests in the Central Appalachian Mountains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldrich, Serena Rose

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    of eastern North America, but the processes acting here are less clear, particularly in xerophytic forests dominated by yellow pine (Pinus, subgenus Diploxylon Koehne) and oak (Quercus L.). In this study, I use dendroecological techniques to investigate fire...

  6. Soil-site relationships for natural stands of longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) in east Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Eric Hays

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Sites were characterized by so11 physical properties and physiographic factors. Correlation of longleaf site index and height growth with site factors was evaluated by regression techniques. S1te index curves for longleaf pine were developed...SOIL-SITE RELATIONSHIPS FOR NATURAL STANDS OF LONGLEAF PINE (PINUS PALUSTRIS MILL. ) IN EAST TEXAS A Thesis by ERIC HAYS LARSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement...

  7. Long road to recovery: Bastrop team develops plan to restore Lost Pines region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bentz, Laura

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from the September #28;re. ?In terms of the recovery, the Lost Pines Recovery Team put together a #28;ve-year plan that includes erosion control, reseeding, replanting and hazardous fuels management,? said Roxanne Hernandez, habitat conservation... challenges Erosion has proven to be one of the most di#27;cult challenges to recovery. Initially, the #28;re caused much fertile soil to erode. Hernandez said until vegetation grows to provide ground cover, erosion will continue. Newly planted pine tree...

  8. Laboratory studies on the biology and ecology of the southern pine beetle, Dendroctonus frontalis Zimm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bremer, John Ernest

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The containers used to maintain a stock culture of southern pine beetles used as parent adults in the labora- tory studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 A typical bark sample after its removal from a test bolt, revealing a single southern pine... and to enhance beetle attacks. In order to facilitate brood inspection and data collection, the bark of all test bolts was peeled and replaced before the bolts were infested (Anderson and Bremer 1967). Pre-peeling eliminated the necessity of dissecting...

  9. Fall rates of prescribed fire-killed ponderosa pine. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrington, M.G.

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fall rates of prescribed fire-killed ponderosa pine were evaluated relative to tree and fire damage characteristics. High crown scorch and short survival time after fire injury were factors leading to a high probability of early tree fall. The role of chemical defense mechanisms is discussed. Results apply to prescribed-fire injured, second-growth ponderosa pine less than 16 inches diameter at breast height.

  10. Humans and Volcanoes in Australia and New Guinea. Peter Bindon (1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    as a resource. 1 1. Anthropology Department, Western Australian Museum, Perth 6000 AUSTRALIA 2. CDRADHumans and Volcanoes in Australia and New Guinea. Peter Bindon (1) and Jean-Paul Raynal (2) ,1 de mythes d'aquisition du feu. FIRST COLONIZATION OF AUSTRALIA The occupation of greater Australia

  11. Substrate-limited electron dynamics in graphene S. Fratini1,2 and F. Guinea2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Substrate-limited electron dynamics in graphene S. Fratini1,2 and F. Guinea2 1Institut Néel dynamics in graphene. We find that the quasiparticle spectrum acquires a finite broadening due to the long-range interaction with the polar modes at the interface between graphene and the substrate. This mechanism results

  12. Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe are characterized by low beta diversity, both in tropical and in temperate areas. Location Lowland forests tracking. The community data were analysed for alpha and beta diversity. Results Local (alpha) diversity

  13. REVIEW OF POLYRHACHIS (CYRTOMYRMA) FOREL (HYMENOPTERA: FORMICIDAE: FORMICINAE) OF AUSTRALIA, BORNEO, NEW GUINEA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villemant, Claire

    , NEW GUINEA AND THE SOLOMON ISLANDS WITH DESCRIPTIONS OF NEW SPECIES RUDOLF J. KOHOUT Kohout, R.J. 2006. Kohout, Queensland Museum, PO Box 3300, South Brisbane 4101, Australia (email: kohout@powerup.com.au); 22 (Robson & Kohout, 2005). Examination ofAustralian material revealed several new species, particularly

  14. GONGED (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development of an online facility of images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    122 GONGED (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development Darrow Holloway, J. D., Miller, S. E., Pollock, D. M., Helgen, L. & Darrow, K. (2009): GONGED

  15. Running Title: C and N Allocation in Pine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ball, J. Timothy

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A long standing challenge has been understanding how plants and ecosystems respond to shifts in the balance of resource availabilities. The continuing rise in atmospheric CO{sub 2} will induce changes in the availability and use of several terrestrial ecosystem resources. We report on the acquisition and allocation of carbon and nitrogen in Pinus ponderosa Laws. seedlings grown at three levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide (370, 525, and 700 {micro}mol mol{sup -1}) and three levels of soil nitrogen supply in a controlled environment experiment. Nitrogen was applied (0, 100, and 200 {micro}g N g soil{sup -1}) at planting and again at week 26 of a 58-week, 4-harvest experiment. At the final harvest, plants grown with variety low available soil nitrogen showed no significant response to atmospheric CO{sub 2}. Plants at higher N levels responded positively to CO{sub 2} with the highest biomass at the middle CO{sub 2} level. Plants growing at the lowest N levels immediately allocated a relatively large portion of their nitrogen and biomass to roots. Plants growing at near present ambient CO{sub 2} levels allocated relatively little material to roots when N was abundant but moved both carbon and nitrogen below-ground when N was withheld. Plants growing at higher CO{sub 2} levels, allocated more C and N to roots even when N was abundant, and made only small shifts in allocation patterns when N was no longer supplied. In general, allocation of C and N to roots tended to increase when N supply was restricted and also with increasing atmospheric CO{sub 2} level. These allocation responses were consistent with patterns suggesting a functional balance in the acquisition of above-ground versus below-ground resources. In particular, variation in whole tree average nitrogen concentration can explain 68% of the variation ratio of root biomass to shoot biomass across the harvests. The capability to respond to temporal variation in nutrient conditions, the dynamics of nutrient uptake, and the dynamics of nutrient use were all seen to be influenced by the interplay between previous N supply, previous C supply, and the concentration of CO{sub 2} in the atmosphere. The data suggest that in an elevated CO{sub 2} atmosphere ponderosa pine seedlings will have higher root biomass and be likely to capture more N compared to seedlings today. Further, the combined growth and allocation responses of Ponderosa pine at elevated CO{sub 2} resulted in higher growth per unit N (nitrogen productivity) and lower N per gram of tissue (all tissues not just leaves) when nitrogen was not in abundant supply.

  16. Development of understory vegetation in pine and pine-hardwood shelterwood stands in the Ouachita mountains: The first 3 years. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shelton, M.G.

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The shelterwood reproduction cutting method using two overstory compositions (a pine basal area of 30 square feet per acre with and without 15 square feet per acre of hardwoods) and two methods of submerchantable hardwood control (chain-saw felling with and without stump-applied herbicide) was tested in a 2x2 factorial, split-plot design with four randomized complete blocks. Total coverage of understory vegetation after 3 years was greater in the pine overstory treatment (68 percent) than in the pine-hardwood overstory treatment (46 percent) and was slightly greater for manual than chemical hardwood control (60 versus 55 percent). Results indicate that 15 square feet per acre of scattered hardwoods can be retained through at least 3 years after harvest, but additional monitoring will be needed to determine the long-term success of reproduction. Early results suggest that the herbicide treatment was not justified in the stand and site conditions tested in this study; contributing factors were the abundant pine seed production and low levels of competing vegetation.

  17. Performance and value of CAD-deficient pine- Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailian Li; Houmin Chang; Hasan Jameel

    2007-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The southern US produces 58% of the nation's timber, much of it grown in intensively managed plantations of genetically improved loblolly pine. One of the fastest-growing loblolly pine selections made by the NCSU-Industry Cooperative Tree Improvement Program, whose progeny are widely planted, is also the only known natural carrier of a rare gene, cadn1. This allele codes for deficiency in an enzyme, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase, which catalyzes the last step in the biosynthesis of lignin precursors. This study is to characterize this candidate gene for marker-assisted selection and deployment in the breeding program. This research will enhance the sustainability of forest production in the South, where land-use pressures will limit the total area available in the future for intensively managed plantations. Furthermore, this research will provide information to establish higher-value plantation forests with more desirable wood/fiber quality traits. A rare mutant allele (cad-n1) of the cad gene in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) causes a deficiency in the production of cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD). The effects of this allele were examined by comparing wood density and growth traits of cad-n1 heterozygous trees with those of wild-type trees in a 10-year-old open-pollinated family trial growing under two levels of fertilization in Scotland County, North Carolina. In all, 200 trees were sampled with 100 trees for each treatment. Wood density measurements were collected from wood cores at breast height using x-ray densitometry. We found that the substitution of cad-n1 for a wild-type allele (Cad) was associated with a significant effect on wood density. The cad-n1 heterozygotes had a significantly higher wood density (+2.6%) compared to wild-type trees. The higher density was apparently due to the higher percentage of latewood in the heterozygotes. The fertilization effect was highly significant for both growth and wood density traits. While no cad genotype x treatment interactions was found for any of the traits studied, in the fertilized plots, the effect of the cad-n1 allele on wood density was reduced. The study indicates that the cad-n1 allele could be a valuable gene to the pulp and paper industry for the purpose of enhancing pulp yields through increasing wood density. Stem growth and wood density associated with a mutant null (cad-n1) allele were examined in three 15-year-old loblolly pine diallel tests, established on two sites in the southern United States. In each diallel test, one or two cad-n1 heterozygous parents were crossed with five unrelated wild-type parents, to produce five or ten full-sib families. In all, 839 trees from 20 full-sib families in four genetic backgrounds (a cad-n1 heterozygote x 5 unrelated trees) were sampled, genotyped at the cad locus, and assessed for growth and wood density traits. In a combined analysis of all four genetic backgrounds, we found evidence for effects of increased wood density associated with the cad-n1 allele at age 15 (p=0.03) years and height growth at ages 6 (p=0.03) and 15 (p=0.005). There were large differences in the cad-n1 effects for the various growth and wood traits among the diallel tests. This variation may be due to either different genetic backgrounds among the parents of the different diallel tests, or for different growing environments at the field sites. Even though the cad-n1 effect on growth and wood density was significant across genetic backgrounds, the effect was variable among full-sib families within backgrounds. We speculate that certain wild-type alleles from second parents specifically interact with cad-n1 producing large positive effects. In addition, pleiotropic effects on growth and wood density appear to be associated with the cad-n1 allele. While substantial gains are possible through deployment of trees carrying cad-n1, these gains may be family-specific and should be verified for each cross through field testing.

  18. Organochlorine compounds in pine needles: Methods and trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strachan, W.M.J. (National Water Research Inst., Burlington, Ontario (Canada). Centre for Inland Waters); Eriksson, G.; Jensen, S. (Stockholm Univ. (Sweden). Wallenberg Lab.); Kylin, H. (Stockholm Univ. (Sweden). Wallenberg Lab. Stockholm Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Analytical Chemistry)

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During April 1989, needles from Scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris) trees were collected from a network of stations in West Germany, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. Samples from selected stations were analyzed for hexachlorobenzene (HCB), pentachlorophenol (PCP), hexachlorocyclohexane isomers ([alpha]-HCH and [gamma]-HCH [lindane]), DDT, and DDE. Accumulation of the investigated compounds was observed in up to four needle-year classes. [gamma]-HCH decreased from south to north; the pattern for [alpha]-HCH was uniform; DDT/DDE also decreased from south to north. HCB was uniform throughout the sample area, and PCP was high in northern Sweden. Interpretation of trends was not altered by expressing concentrations on a fresh- or dry-weight basis or on a surface-area basis. The range of concentration variation for equivalent samples was 2 to 49% relative standard deviation; averages were 20 to 23%. There were no differences among trees facing the sample open direction; among different directions, trees open to the south collected more DDT, but this was not the case with other substances. There were no differences between trees of different ages. Samples at 4 to 5 m had lower contaminant levels than from 1.5 m.

  19. West Short Pine Hills field, Harding County, South Dakota

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strothman, B.

    1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The West Short Pine Hills field is a shallow gas field that produces from the Shannon Sandstone Member, on the Camp Crook anticline in southwestern Harding County, South Dakota. The Alma McCutchin 1-17 Heikkila discovery was drilled in the NW1/4, Sec. 17, T16N, R2E, to a depth of 1600 ft and completed in October 1977 for 600 MCFGD from perforations at 1405-1411 ft. To date, 40 gas wells have been completed with total estimated reserves of more than 20 bcf. The field encompasses 12,000 ac, with a current drill-site spacing unit of 160 ac. The field boundaries are fairly well defined, except on the south edge of the field. The wells range in depth from 1250 to 2200 ft, and cost $60,000-$85,000 to drill and complete. Core and log analyses indicate that the field has 70 ft of net pay, with average porosity of 30% and average permeability of 114 md. Most wells have been completed with nitrogen-sand frac. Williston Basin Interstate Pipeline Company of Bismarck, North Dakota, operates a compressor station and 2.5 mi of 4-in. line that connects the field to their 160 in. north-south transmission line to the Rapid City area. Currently, producers are netting $1.10-$1.25/million Btu. The late Mathew T. Biggs of Casper, Wyoming, was the geologist responsible for mapping and finding this gas deposit.

  20. The development stories of equatorial Guinea and Botswana : a game theory model of how public-private partnerships can turn resources from a curse into a blessing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rizzati, Valentina

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The growth acceleration episodes characterizing Botswana and Equatorial Guinea were based on the respective discoveries of diamonds and oil. However, while Botswana, already characterized by inclusive and democratic ...

  1. The Influence of Fire and Other Disturbance on Ericaceous Shrubs in Xeric Pine-Oak Forests of the Appalachian Mountains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pipkin, Ashley

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    were compared with Southern Pine Beetle (SPB) outbreaks and the Palmer Drought Severity Index. There were no significant correlations, but field observations suggest that SPB may be providing conditions suitable for Ericaceae establishment... for geography education. vii NOMENCLATURE JMP Statistical Software PDSI Palmer Drought Severity Index SPB Southern Pine Beetle spp. Species SPSS Statistical Software viii TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT...

  2. USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-18. 2001. 185 Do Pine Trees in Aspen Stands Increase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-18. 2001. 185 Do Pine Trees in Aspen Stands Increase Bird Hills of South Dakota, quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) is being replaced by conifers through fire (primarily ponderosa pine [Pinus ponderosa]) to increase the aspen communities in some mixed stands, Forest

  3. Diversity and phylogenetic affinities of foliar fungal endophytes in loblolly pine inferred by culturing and environmental PCR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutzoni, Franois M.

    Diversity and phylogenetic affinities of foliar fungal endophytes in loblolly pine inferred endophytic fungi in asymp- tomatic foliage of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) in North Carolina, USA, with four (environmental PCR of surface sterilized foliage) for estimating endophyte diversity and species composition

  4. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePriceExpected FutureLeaseEquatorial Guinea

  5. Stand-yield prediction for managed ocala sand pine. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rockwood, D.L.; Yang, B.; Outcalt, K.W.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sand pine is a very important species in Florida, producing significant quantities of fiber. The purpose of this study was to develop the site index and stand-level growth and yield equations managers need to make informed decisions. Data were collected from 35 seeded plots of Ocala sand pine covering a range of site indexes, ages, and densities in 1982-83. These plots were remeasured 5 and 10 years later and the data used to develop growth and yield equations by tree component. Equations for both current and future yields in volume and weight measures are given. These equations gave very good results when tested by comparing actual yields with predicted yields for a second set of 22 sand pine plantations measured in the panhandle area of Florida.

  6. Grazing on regeneration sites encourages pine seedling growth. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ratliff, R.D.; Denton, R.G.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Effects of season-long, deferred-rotation, and rest-rotation grazing, on ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex Laws.) seedling growth and herbaceous vegetation control were studied in regeneration sites at Boyd Hill, Modoc National Forest, California. Seedlings were planted in 1989. Pine seedling survival and damage did not differ, but the seedlings were significantly taller, with longer leaders with season-long grazing than without grazing. Treatment comparisons for plant group and non-plant percent cover differed only for litter and bare soil, but cover and composition of bottlebrush squirreltail (Elymus elymoides (Raf.) Swezey) were greater without grazing.

  7. Producing seed crops to naturally regenerate southern pines. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnett, J.P.; Haugen, R.O.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural regeneration is a practical and inexpensive option for many existing southern pine forests, provided there is an adequate seed source and other stand conditions are controlled. However, seed production in natural stands of southern pines varies due to a wide range of environmental and biotic influences. It is important, then, to understand the biological processes that affect seed production in natural stands. The physiology of cone and seed production is reviewed here, and this information is applied to natural stand situations. With this knowledge, foresters will be better able to manipulate stands to improve and predict seed production and, therefore, make natural regeneration more reliable.

  8. Fractal Iron Oxide Single-Crystal Dendritic Micro-Pines of Magnetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Fractal Iron Oxide Single-Crystal Dendritic Micro-Pines of Magnetic a-Fe2O3: Large-Scale Synthesis,2] Fractal structures are common in nature across all length scales, from self-assembled molecules. On the nanoscale, dendritic fractals are one type of hyperbranched structure which are generally formed

  9. The development of winter hardiness of pine and spruce seedlings in a simulated acid rain experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The development of winter hardiness of pine and spruce seedlings in a simulated acid rain-April, when the starch grains again appeared (Fig. 4). The exposure to acid rain did not significantly affect.g., Davison and Barnes, 1986; Freer- Smith and Mansfield, 1987). However, the effects of acid rain on conifer

  10. Summary We estimated total ecosystem respiration from a ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex Laws.) plantation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ronald C.

    Summary We estimated total ecosystem respiration from a ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex, 1998. We apportioned ecosystem respi- ration among heterotrophic, root, stem and foliage based on re respiration component at selected sampling points, and scaled the mea- surements up to the ecosystem based

  11. Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne lidar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne biomass and bio-energy feedstocks. The overall goal of this study was to develop a method for assessing aboveground biomass and component biomass for individual trees using airborne lidar data in forest settings

  12. GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT PSW-GTR-240 White Pine Blister Rust Resistance of 12 Western

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    have been assessed for white pine blister rust infection and mortality at multiple ages since they were of the families were from wind-pollinated seedlots from forest stands and represent some of the top ranked had moderate to high levels of blister rust infection, and moderate levels of mortality were present

  13. Author's personal copy Energy and water balance of two contrasting loblolly pine plantations on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noormets, Asko

    Author's personal copy Energy and water balance of two contrasting loblolly pine plantations are more interested in water and carbon balances, quantifying forest energy balance offers insights to how Accepted 9 September 2009 Keywords: Energy balance Evapotranspiration Forest albedo Forest hydrology

  14. BOUNDARY LAYER (BL) THERMAL EDDIES OVER A PINE FOREST FROM CARES 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BOUNDARY LAYER (BL) THERMAL EDDIES OVER A PINE FOREST FROM CARES 2010 Gunnar Senum and Stephen are three thermal eddies, about 250 meters wide, in the boundary layer. These thermal eddies are formed from the solar heating of the surface and help to form the boundary layer. The eddy updrafts are transporting

  15. Chloroplast microsatellites reveal colonisation and metapopulation dynamics in the1 Canary Island pine2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Chloroplast microsatellites reveal colonisation and metapopulation dynamics in the1 Canary Island.emerson@uea.ac.uk)14 15 KEYWORDS: Pinus canariensis; Canary Islands; mismatch distribution; chloroplast16 methods to empirical data obtained for35 the Canary Island pine (Pinus canariensis). The results

  16. Small isolated aspen stands enrich bird communities in southwestern ponderosa pine forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beier, Paul

    Small isolated aspen stands enrich bird communities in southwestern ponderosa pine forests Kerry L Received 21 May 2001; received in revised form 20 January 2002; accepted 14 July 2002 Abstract Small aspen their contribution to the avian community. We sampled birds in 53 small, isolated aspen stands and 53 paired plots

  17. Fungal endophytes in woody roots of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) and ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fungal endophytes in woody roots of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) and ponderosa pine (Pinus baseline data for future surveys of fungal endophytes. Examination of internal transcribed spacer (ITS1 evidence of host species or plant association effects on total recovery of fungal endophytes or recovery

  18. Developing the Scots pine resource Results from a 3 year project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Area of Scots pine Forest as a Proportion of Total Forest Area Entire Country NPP Area Finland 13000 65;End uses Finland Norway Scotland Sweden ·Pulpwood (55%) ·Construction ·Interior joinery and linings ·Transmission poles ·Log houses Pulpwood (45%) Construction Joinery Fencing Transmission poles Log houses Wood

  19. The Contrasting Response to Soil Disturbance between Lodgepole Pine and Hybrid White Spruce in Subboreal Forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanborn, Paul

    for evaluating the sustainability of forest management (Curran et al., 2005). Soil disturbance can play a roleThe Contrasting Response to Soil Disturbance between Lodgepole Pine and Hybrid White Spruce in Subboreal Forests J. M. Kranabetter,* P. Sanborn, B. K. Chapman, and S. Dube ABSTRACT Reductions in soil

  20. White Pine Emission Trends of Monoterpenes and Sesquiterpenes After Acute Ozone Exposure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    White Pine Emission Trends of Monoterpenes and Sesquiterpenes After Acute Ozone Exposure Daniel M on a large scale in forests. Monoterpene and sesquiterpene emissions from trees significantly contribute investigates the effect of an abiotic stress, specifically acute ozone exposure, on the terpene emissions

  1. Hydraulic adjustment of Scots pine across Europe J. Martnez-Vilalta1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mencuccini, Maurizio

    Research Hydraulic adjustment of Scots pine across Europe J. Martnez-Vilalta1,2 , H. Cochard3), 8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Summary The variability of branch-level hydraulic properties, xylem anatomy, sapwood- and leaf-specific hydraulic conductivity (KS and KL), vulnerability to embolism

  2. Vapor pressure and boiling point elevation of slash pine black liquors: Predictive models with statistical approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaman, A.A.; McNally, T.W.; Fricke, A.L. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)] [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vapor-liquid equilibria and boiling point elevation of slash pine kraft black liquors over a wide range of solid concentrations (up to 85% solids) has been studied. The liquors are from a statistically designed pulping experiment for pulping slash pine in a pilot scale digester with four cooking variables of effective alkali, sulfidity, cooking time, and cooking temperature. It was found that boiling point elevation of black liquors is pressure dependent, and this dependency is more significant at higher solids concentrations. The boiling point elevation data at different solids contents (at a fixed pressure) were correlated to the dissolved solids (S/(1 {minus} S)) in black liquor. Due to the solubility limit of some of the salts in black liquor, a change in the slope of the boiling point elevation as a function of the dissolved solids was observed at a concentration of around 65% solids. An empirical method was developed to describe the boiling point elevation of each liquor as a function of pressure and solids mass fraction. The boiling point elevation of slash pine black liquors was correlated quantitatively to the pulping variables, using different statistical procedures. These predictive models can be applied to determine the boiling point rise (and boiling point) of slash pine black liquors at processing conditions from the knowledge of pulping variables. The results are presented, and their utility is discussed.

  3. Organic geochemical evidence for pine tar production in middle Eastern Sweden during the Roman Iron Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Organic geochemical evidence for pine tar production in middle Eastern Sweden during the Roman Iron samples were analysed for diterpenoids derived from abietic acid (mainly retene, abietic acid, dehydroa- bietic acid and methyl dehydroabietate) by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) in order to test

  4. M. Shepherd et al.Branch architecture QTL for pine hybrids Original article

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    M. Shepherd et al.Branch architecture QTL for pine hybrids Original article Branch architecture QTL Crossa , Mark J. Dietersb and Robert Henrya a Cooperative Research Centre for Sustainable Production, Australia b Cooperative Research Centre for Sustainable Production Forestry, Queensland Forestry Research

  5. Above- and belowground competition from longleaf pine plantations limits performance of reintroduced herbaceous species.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T.B. Harrington; C.M. Dagley; M.B. Edwards.

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although overstory trees limit the abundance and species richness of herbaceous vegetation in longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) plantations, the responsible mechanisms are poorly understood because of confounding among limiting factors. In fall 1998, research was initiated to determine the separate effects of above- and belowground competition and needlefall from overstory pines on understory plant performance. Three 13- to 15-yr-old plantations near Aiken, SC, were thinned to 0, 25, 50, or 100% of nonthinned basal area (19.5 m2 ha-1). Combinations of trenching (to eliminate root competition) and needlefall were applied to areas within each plot, and containerized seedlings of 14 perennial herbaceous species and longleaf pine were planted within each. Overstory crown closure ranged from 0 to 81%, and soil water and available nitrogen varied consistently with pine stocking, trenching, or their combination. Cover of planted species decreased an average of 16.5 and 14.1% as a result of above- and below-ground competition, respectively. Depending on species, needlefall effects were positive, negative, or negligible. Results indicate that understory restoration will be most successful when herbaceous species are established within canopy openings (0.1-0.2 ha) managed to minimize negative effects from above- and belowground competition and needlefall.

  6. Changes in Snag Populations in Northern Arizona Mixed-Conifer and Ponderosa Pine Forests, 19972002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Changes in Snag Populations in Northern Arizona Mixed-Conifer and Ponderosa Pine Forests, 1997 (Pinus ponderosa, n 60 plots) forests in north-central Arizona from 1997 to 2002. Of 2,240 snags marked in 1997, at least 76% remained standing in 2002, 17% had fallen and were relocated as logs, 0.5% were cut

  7. INFLUENCE OF DROUGHTS TO THE RADIAL GROWTH OF SCOTS PINE (PINUS SYLVESTRIS L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .vitas@gmf.vdu.lt Lithuanian Energy Institute Laboratory of Renewable Energy, Breslaujos 3, LT-44403 Kaunas, Lithuania; e). Dendroclimatological investigation on pine tree rings in Latvia (Spalte, 1978), Estonia (Läänelaid, 1982), Poland to cold winters. However, it was established that rainfall during summer in Poland induces wide rings

  8. GLOBAL CHANGE ECOLOGY -ORIGINAL PAPER Buffered climate change effects in a Mediterranean pine species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera, Carlos M.

    GLOBAL CHANGE ECOLOGY - ORIGINAL PAPER Buffered climate change effects in a Mediterranean pine Abstract Within-range effects of climatic change on tree growth at the sub-regional scale remain poorly- growth responses to climate change, the role of drought becomes even more complex in shaping communities

  9. Effect of high oleic acid pork on tissue lipids of guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Tammi Tinker

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hypotheses have been forwarded. In the guinea pig, polyunsaturated fat diets result in increased hepatic LDL-cholesterol binding (9, 24). Dietary saturated fat has been shown to decrease hepatic LDL-cholesterol receptor mediated transport in the hamster...-cholesterol receptors (9, 21) and increase hepatic LDL-cholesterol clearance (28). The effect of saturated fat was shown to decrease the LDL-cholesterol receptor-mediated transport in hamsters (34). These changes of LDL-receptor catabolism of LDL-cholesterol can...

  10. Effect of high oleic acid pork on tissue lipids of guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Tammi Tinker

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECT OF HIGH OLEIC ACID PORK ON TISSUE LIP IDS OF GUINEA PIGS A Thesis by TAMMI TINKER FLYNN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AIIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... diets did not change the rate of receptor- mediated hepatic uptake of LDL-cholesterol in hamsters. Anton (36) summarized a number of studies which used rats and rabbits to show that diets rich in oleic acid caused an increase in liver cholesterol...

  11. A review of "The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe." by Philip S. Gorski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jakub Basista

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    72 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS Philip S. Gorski. The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. xviii + 249 pp. Paper $21.00. Review by JAKUB BASISTA... interpretations and suggestions and we do not seem to come closer to definite answers. Among the latter we can name the problem of the formation of the state in the early modern period in Europe. Numerous authors have taken up the challenge, and we...

  12. An examination of factors influencing the spatial distribution of foraging bats in pine stands in the southeastern United States.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menzel, Michael, A., Jr.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Menzel, M.A. 2003. An examination of factors influencing the spatial distribution of foraging bats in pine stands in the Southeastern United States. Ph.D Dissertation. Davis College of Agriculture, Forestry and Consumer Sciences at West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia. 336 pp. The general objective of this dissertation was to determine the effect of changes in forest structure on bat activity patterns in southern pine stands. Four sub studies are included in the dissertation: (1) An examination of the homerange size, habitat use and diet of four reproductively active male Rafinesque's big eared bats (Corynorhimus rafinesquii); (2) An examination of the diet of 5 reproductively active male Rafinesque's big eared bats; (3) A comparison of bat activity levels in the Coastal Plain of South Carolina among 5 vegetational community types: forested riparian areas, clearcuts, young pine plantations, mature plantations, and pine savannahs; (4) A summarization of information concerning the natural history of all bat species common in the SPR.

  13. Assessment of carbon sequestration and timber production of Scots pine across Scotland using the process-based model 3-PGN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xenakis, Georgios

    2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    detailed eco-physiological interpretation of the environmental factors affecting Scots pine growth and it provided an assessment of carbon sequestration under the scenario of sustainable, normal production and its effects from the environment. Finally...

  14. Fuzzy logic approach to supervised segmentation of forest regions infested by Southern Pine Beetle using color airborne images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Kit-Tong

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Digital image processing technique and fuzzy logic approach are used to identify forest areas infested with Southern Pine Beetle, SPB, using normal color airborne imageries in this research. This research will be used as a front end of a larger...

  15. Synecological coordinates as indicators of variation in red pine productivity among twinspan classes: A case study. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brand, G.J.; Almendinger, J.C.

    1992-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The report evaluates the use of synecological moisture and nutrient coordinates in identifying floristic classes with different site indexes and gross basal area growths for red pine in north-central Minnesota.

  16. Response of beneficial and associated insects of the southern pine beetle to beetle-infested trees and to behavioral chemicals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Wayne Neal

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RESPONSE OF BENEFICIAL AND ASSOCIATED INSECTS OF THE SOUTHERN PINE BEETLE TO BEETLE-INFESTED TREES AND TO BEHAVIORAL CHEMICALS A Thesis by WAYNE NEAL DIXON Submitted to the Craduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1977 Major Subject: Entomology RESPONSE OF BENEFICIAL AND ASSOCIATED INSECTS OF THE SOUTHERN PINE BEETLE TO BEETLE-INFESTED TREES AND TO BEHAVIORAL CHEMICALS A Thesis by WAYNE NEAL DIXON Approved...

  17. Performance of Planted Herbaceous Species in Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) Plantations: Overstory Effects of Competition and Needlefall

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dagley, C.M.

    2001-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Research to determine the separate effects of above-ground and below-ground competition and needlefall of over-story pines on under-story plant performance. Periodic monitoring of over-story crown closure, soil water content, temperature, and nutrients were conducted. Results indicate competition for light had a more determental effect on performance of herbaceous species in longleaf pine plantations than that resulting from competition for below-ground resources.

  18. A soil-site investigation of slash pine (Pinus elliottii engelm.) plantations in the flatwoods section of southeast Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fewin, Robert James

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A SOIL-SITE INVESTIGATION OF SLASH PINE (PINUS ELLIOTTII ENGELM. ) PLANTATIONS IN THE FLATNOODS SECTION OF SOUTHEAST TEXAS A Thesis by ROBERT JAMES FEWIN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 19 71 Major Subject: Forestry A SOIL-SITE INVESTIGATION OF SLASH PINE (PINUS ELLIOTTII ENGEIM. ) PLANTATIONS IN TBE FLATWOODS SECTION OF SOUTHEAST TEXAS A Thesis by ROBERT JAMES FEWIN Approved...

  19. The influence of auxin concentration and duration of treatment on the rooting of girdled slash pine cuttings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunningham, Michael Wesley

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE INFLUENCE OF AUXIN CONCENTRATION AND DURATION OF TREATMENT ON THE ROOTING OF GIRDLED SLASH PINE CUTTINGS A Thesis by MICHAEL WESLEY CUNNINGHAM Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University i n partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1981 Major Subject: Forestry THE INFLUENCE OF AUXIN CONCENTRATION AND DURATION OF TREATMENT ON THE ROOTING OF GIRDLED SLASH PINE CUTTINGS A Thesis by MICHAEL WESLEY CUNNINGHAM Approved...

  20. Growth and hepatic composition in the guinea pig after long-term parenteral hyperalimentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, C.J.H.; Redmond, D.; Baggs, R.B.; Schecter, A.; Gasiewicz, T.A.

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined the feasibility of maintaining male Hartley guinea pigs on long-term hyperalimentation. Data from animals fed ad libitum, but infused with 0.9% saline, indicated that there was minimal effect from catheter implantation, sepsis, or the infusion of large volumes of fluid. This group compared with animals fed and watered ad libitum demonstrated a nearly identical growth rate serum chemistry, tissue weights, and hepatic composition and morphology. Animals infused with a total parenteral diet demonstrated growth rates of 4.06 +/- 1.46 g/day for up to 25 days. Loss of infused animals was due in varying degrees to sepsis, mechanical failure, improper placement of the cannula, loss of patency, and death from unknown causes. Morphological analysis of animals fed by total parenteral nutrition revealed an altered distribution and increased size of lipid droplets in hepatic parenchymal and Kupffer cells and glycogen accumulation by the parenchymal cells. Decreased hepatic content of total protein and lipid, as well as cytochrome P450, was also observed. Similarly, serum values of triglyceride were decreased in animals fed by the total parenteral diet. This study indicated that the guinea pig fed by hyperalimentation may be a useful animal model for a number of clinical and basic research applications.

  1. Analysis of agonist dissociation constants as assessed by functional antagonism in guinea pig left atria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Molenaar, P.; Malta, E.

    1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In electrically driven guinea pig left atria, positive inotropic responses to (-)-isoprenaline and the selective beta 1-adrenoceptor agonist RO363 were obtained in the absence and in the presence of the functional antagonists adenosine, carbachol, gallopamil, nifedipine, and Ro 03-7894. Each of the functional antagonists reduced the maximum response to both agonists and produced nonparallel rightward shifts in the cumulative concentration effect curves. For both agonists, dissociation constants (KA) were calculated using the equation described by Furchgott (1966) for irreversible antagonism. For RO363, which is a partial agonist with high agonist activity, the equations outlined for functional interaction by Mackay (1981) were also employed to calculate KA values. The KA values obtained by each method were compared with the dissociation constants (KD) for the two agonists determined from their ability to displace the radioligand (-)-(/sup 125/I)iodocyanopindolol from beta 1-adrenoceptors in guinea pig left atrial membrane preparations. The estimates of KA varied substantially from KD values. The KD values were taken as more accurate estimates of the true values for the dissociation constants because a high degree of correlation exists between pKD and pD2 values for a number of other beta-adrenoceptor agonists that behave as partial agonists and between pKD and pKB values for a number of beta-adrenoceptor antagonists. Thus, it appears that there are serious limitations in the current theory for using functional antagonism as a means of obtaining agonist dissociation constants.

  2. Mechanical and chemical release in a 12-year-old ponderosa pine plantation. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fiddler, G.O.; McDonald, P.M.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A 12-year-old ponderosa pine plantation on the Tahoe National Forest in northern California was mechanically treated with a Hydro-Ax in an attempt to increase the survival and growth of the planted seedlings. Other release methods were not feasible because the shrubs in the mixed-shrub community (greenleaf manzanita, mountain whitethorn, bittercherry, coffeberry) were too large (3 to 5 feet tall) and well developed. Additional treatments were a chemical treatment, in which 2,4-D was applied to a portion of the study site that had been treated with the Hydro-Ax 1 year previously, and control. Eleven growing seasons after treatment (1993), average pine crown cover was statistically higher in the mechanical treatment (Hydro-Ax alone) than in the control. This was the only significant enhancement of pine growth by the Hydro-Ax alone. Mean pine diameter and height did not differ statistically from the control after 11 years. In contrast, the Hydro-Ax plus herbicide (chemical) treatment statistically increased pine crown cover, height, and diameter over the Hydro-Ax alone and the control. Mean crown cover was 104 percent greater in the treated trees than for pines in the control, height was 45 percent greater, and diameter was 47 percent greater. Relative costs were $225 per acre for the Hydro-Ax alone (mechanical) and $273 per acre for the Hydro-Ax + herbicide (chemical). Altogether, the most cost-effective treatment was Hydro-Ax + herbicide (chemical).

  3. Dynamics of white pine in New England. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leak, W.B.; Cullen, J.B.; Frieswyk, T.S.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The growth, regeneration, and quality of white pine between the 1970`s and 1980`s were analyzed for the six-state New England region. Growth was comparable among all states except for Rhode Island where the growth (1.71%) was low in comparison with other states and with the growth of red maples (4.29%) within the state. For all states, the proportion of acreage in white pine seedling/sapling stands was too small (8%) to maintain the current volume and acreage of the species. The percentage of volume in grades 1 and 2 more than doubled between the 1970`s and 1980`s in all states except Massachusetts and Connecticut where the percentage remained about constant.

  4. The evaluation and inheritance of form and growth in natural populations of loblolly pine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byram, Thomas Duane

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . van Buijtenen This study analyzed a portion of the U. S. Forest Service ? Texas Forest Service Cooperative diallel crosses of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L. ). Ten trees from each of two stands had been randomly selected and mated in a mcdified... half-diallel fashion. Parent trees were graded using the Western Gulf Forest Tree Improvement check tree grading system and the regression grading system. Some form traits were also measured. Progeny from one stand were measured at one location only...

  5. Specific gravities and dry weight relationships of planted slash pine (Pinus elliottii Engelm.) in East Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Anthony Laurence

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . , Texas ASM University; Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. David M, Moehring In this study wood specific gravity values of 220 plantation grown slash pine (Pinus elliottii Engelm. ) trees growing in East Texas were calculated and related to tree... parameters. Also tree dry weight (DW) relationships with tree parameters were determined and dry weight tables calculated. Average specific gravity values of cores and disks at breast height and tree specific gravities respectively were 0. 457, 0. 493...

  6. Transcript profiling of differentiating xylem of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Suk-Hwan

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    were studied using microarrays containing 384 cDNAs (Heath et al., 2002) and the effects of PEG (polyethylene glycol) on gene expression during white spruce somatic embryogenesis was investigated using loblolly pine microarrays containing 2178 c...., 1998; Whetten et al., 2001), microarray analysis (Hertzberg et al., 2001; Whetten et al., 2001; Heath et al., 2002; van Zyl et al., 2002), 2-D PAGE (Costa et al., 1999; Mijnsbrugge et al., 2000), and SAGE (Lorenz and Dean, 2002), it is now possible...

  7. Adaptation of eastern white pine provenances to planting sites. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Demeritt, M.E.; Garrett, P.W.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Eastern white pine provenances from the extreme limits of the natural range of this species are changing from above- and below-average stability to average stability for height growth with increasing age. The regression method is useful for evaluating the stability of provenance to planting sites. The same general conclusions are reached for the performance at different planting sites from the regression method as from the relative difference method.

  8. MICROBIAL RESPIRATION RESPONSE TO C, N, AND P AVAILABILITY IN LOBLOLLY PINE FOREST SOILS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whisenant, Justin

    2011-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    MICROBIAL RESPIRATION RESPONSE TO N AND P AVAILABILITY IN LOBLOLLY PINE FOREST SOILS Major: Forest Management Spatial Science April 2011 Submitted to the Office of Undergraduate Research Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by JUSTIN M. WHISENANT A Senior Scholars Thesis by JUSTIN M. WHISENANT MICROBIAL RESPIRATION RESPONSE TO N AND P AVAILABILITY...

  9. Forecasting the monthly volume of orders for southern pine lumber - an econometric model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Ben Douglas

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the orders estimates should be minimal, and the benefits of forecasting should exceed the costs. Included in this matter of convenience is the mathematical simplicity of the computations and their evaluation. With these essential characteristics in mind... FORECASTING THE MONTHLY VOLUME OF ORDERS FOR SOUTHERN PINE LUMBER - AH ECONOMETRIC MODEL A Thesis by BEN DOUGLAS JACKSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in Partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree...

  10. The initial phase of a Longleaf Pine-Wiregrass Savanna restoration: species establishment and community responses.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aschenbach, Todd, A; Foster, Bryan, L.; Imm, Donald, W.

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AbstractAbstract The significant loss of the longleaf pine-wiregrass ecosystem in the southeastern United States has serious implications for biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. In response to this loss, we have initiated a long-term and landscape-scale restoration experiment at the 80,125 ha (310 mi2) Department of Energy Savannah River Site (SRS) located near Aiken, South Carolina. Aristida beyrichiana (wiregrass), an important and dominant grass (i.e., a matrix species) of the longleaf pine savanna understory, and 31 other herbaceous non-matrix species were planted at six locations throughout SRS in 2002 and 2003. Of the 36,056 transplanted seedlings, 75% were still alive in June 2004, while mean 12 year survival across all planted species was 48%. Lespedeza hirta (hairy lespedeza) exhibited the greatest overall survival per 3 3 m cell at 95%, whereas Schizachyrium spp. (little bluestem) exhibited the greatest mean cover among individual species at 5.9%. Wiregrass survival and cover were significantly reduced when planted with non-matrix species. Aggregate cover of all planted species in restored cells averaged 25.9% in 2006. High rates of survival and growth of the planted species resulted in greater species richness (SR), diversity, and vegetative cover in restored cells. Results suggest that the loss of the longleaf pine-wiregrass ecosystem may be ameliorated through restoration efforts and illustrate the positive impact of restoration plantings on biodiversity and vegetative cover.

  11. Pinon Pine Power Project. Annual report, January 1--December 31, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This annual report has been prepared to present the status of the Pinon Pine Power Project, a nominal 107 MWe (gross) coal-fired integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) power plant addition to Sierra Pacific Power Company`s (SPPCo) system. This project will also serve as a demonstration project cost-shared by the US Department of Energy (DOE) and SPPCo under DOE`s Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Program. The goal of the CCT Program is to demonstrate advanced coal utilization technologies that are energy efficient, reliable and able to achieve substantial reductions in emissions as compared with existing coal technologies. The Pinon Pine Power Project will demonstrate an IGCC system utilizing the Kellogg-Rust-Westinghouse (KRW) fluidized-bed gasification process operating in an air-blown mode with in-bed desulfurization and hot gas clean-up with a western bituminous coal as the design fuel. Testing will also be performed on a high-sulfur eastern coal. The Pinon Pine Power Project will be constructed and operated at SPPCo`s Tracy Power Station, an existing power generation facility located on a rural 724-acre plot approximately 17 miles east of Reno, NV. This new unit is designated as Tracy Unit No. 4.

  12. Forest response to CO{sub 2} enrichment: Physiology and ecology of loblolly pine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strain, B.R.; Thomas, R.B.

    1997-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This report covers the results of a long-term project with the primary objective of developing and testing hypotheses on the environmental and physiological controls of loblolly pine response to atmospheric CO{sub 2} enrichment. Earlier research under DOE funding had provided information from loblolly pine and other plant species which allowed the development of specific hypotheses. Phase 1 of this research was a two year pot study of loblolly seedlings to determine the interaction of CO{sub 2} enrichment with soil nutrition. Phase 2 began with the enrichment of loblolly seedlings being grown in the ground, rather than pots, and continued through December 1995. Phase 3 began in April 1994 with the enrichment of undisturbed Piedmont North Carolina old field undergoing succession, including herbaceous annual plants, perennial grasses, and loblolly pine tree seedlings. Phase 3 was designed to gather preliminary information on a regenerating loblolly forest to be used for the development of hypotheses and measurement techniques for a long-term Free Air CO{sub 2} Enrichment (FACE) study of regenerating forest in Duke Forest.

  13. Kudzu (Pueraria montana) community responses to herbicides, burning, and high-density loblolly pine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T.B. Harrington; L.T. Rader-Dixon; J.W. Taylor, Jr.

    2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kudzu is an aggressive, nonnative vine that currently dominates an estimated 810,000 ha of mesic forest communities in the eastern United States. To test an integrated method of weed control, abundances of kudzu and other plant species were compared during 4 yr after six herbicide treatments (clopyralid, triclopyr, metsulfuron, picloram 1 2,4-D, tebuthiuron, and a nonsprayed check), in which loblolly pines were planted at three densities (0, 1, and 4 seedlings m22) to induce competition and potentially delay kudzu recovery. This split-plot design was replicated on each of the four kudzu-dominated sites near Aiken, SC. Relative light intensity (RLI) and soil water content (SWC) were measured periodically to identify mechanisms of interference among plant species. Two years after treatment (1999), crown coverage of kudzu averaged , 2% in herbicide plots compared with 93% in the nonsprayed check, and these differences were maintained through 2001, except in clopyralid plots where kudzu cover increased to 15%. In 2001, pine interference was associated with 33, 56, and 67% reductions in biomass of kudzu, blackberry, and herbaceous vegetation, respectively. RLI in kudzu-dominated plots (4 to 15% of full sun) generally was less than half that of herbicide-treated plots. SWC was greatest in tebuthiuron plots, where total vegetation cover averaged 26% compared with 77 to 111% in other plots. None of the treatments eradicated kudzu, but combinations of herbicides and induced pine competition delayed its recovery.

  14. Irrigation and fertilization effects on Nantucket Pine Tip Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Damage levels and pupal weight in an intensively-managed pine plantation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coyle, David, R.; Nowak, John, T.; Fettig, Christopher, J.

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The widespread application of intensive forest management practices throughout the southeastern U.S. has increased loblolly pine, Pinus taeda L., yields and shortened conventional rotation lengths. Fluctuations in Nantucket pine tip moth, Rhyacionia frustrana (Comstock), population density and subsequent damage levels have been linked to variations in management intensity. We examined the effects of two practices, irrigation and fertilization, on R. frustrana damage levels and pupal weights in an intensively-managed P. taeda plantation in South Carolina. Trees received intensive weed control and one of the following treatments; irrigation only. fertilization only, irrigation + fertilization, or control. Mean whole-tree tip moth damage levels ranged from <1 to 48% during this study. Damage levels differed significantly among treatments in two tip moth generations in 2001, but not 2000. Pupal weight was significantly heavier in fertilization compared to the irrigation treatment in 2000, but no significant differences were observed in 2001. Tree diameter. height. and aboveground volume were significantly greater in the irrigation + fertilization than in the irrigation treatment after two growing seasons. Our data suggest that intensive management practices that include irrigation and fertilization do not consistently increase R. frustrana damage levels and pupal weights as is commonly believed. However, tip moth suppression efforts in areas adjacent to our study may have partially reduced the potential impacts of R. frustrana on this experiment.

  15. Vegetation trends in a 31-year-old ponderosa pine plantation: Effect of different shrub densities. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonald, P.M.; Abbott, C.S.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On a poor site in northern California, a brushfield community was treated in various ways which left initial densities of no shrubs, light, medium, and heavy shrubs. Density and development (height, foliar cover, crown volume) for three shrub species (alone and combined), one grass, and planted ponderosa pine in these categories were quantified from 1966 to 1992. Successional trends (ascendance and decline) are presented for these species and for forbs from 1962 (the date pines were planted) through 1992. Regression equations that model density and development are presented for the shrubs and pine. In general, greenleaf manzanita prospered during the study; snowbrush initially developed well, but then declined; Sierra plum endured, but was relegated to the understory; needlegrass invaded rapdily, peaked early, and was mostly gone by the end of the study. Only a trace of forb species remained by study end. Needlegrass displayed strong environmental preference, becoming dense and developing well in shrub-free areas, but was scarcely present in heavy shrubs. Ponderosa pine grew well in no-shrub plots, farily well in light-shrub plots, and poorly in medium- and heavy-shrub plots. Extensive testing showed that shrub foliar cover and crown volume per acre explained more variation in several pine parameters than shrub height or density.

  16. Natural recovery of genetic diversity by gene flow in reforested areas of the1 endemic Canary Island pine, Pinus canariensis2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Canary Islands. In this archipelago, pine forest is a mosaic of natural stands (remnants17 of past forest1 Natural recovery of genetic diversity by gene flow in reforested areas of the1 endemic Canary Island pine, Pinus canariensis2 3 Miguel Navascués, Brent C. Emerson4 5 Centre for Ecology, Evolution

  17. The effect of polyunsaturated fatty acid peroxidation on cholesterol concentrations in plasma, aorta, liver, and spleen of the guinea pig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corrigan, Sheila Marie

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biochemistry and Metabolism with Clinical Applications (Linder, M. , ed. ), pp. 33-50, Elsevier Science Publishing Company, Inc. , New York. 20. Stocks, J. & Dormandy, T. (1971) The autoxidation of human red cells lipids induced by 36 hydrogen peroxide...THE EFFECT OF POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACID PEROXIDATION ON CHOLESTEROL CONCENTRAT IONS IN PLASMA AORTA g LIVER g AND SPLEEN OF THE GUINEA PIG A Thesis by SHEILA MARIE CORRIGAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University...

  18. Effects of protein deficiency on superoxide dismutase and immunological competence in peritoneal macrophages of the guinea pig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burch, Troie Ann Pruett

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECTS OF PROTEIN DEFICIENCY ON SUPEROXZDE DIcMUTASE AND LMMUNOLOGZCAL COMPETENCE IN PERITONEAL MACROPHAOES OF THE GUINEA PZG A Thesis By TROZE ANN PRUETT BURCH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in Partial... By TROIE ANN PRUETT BURCH Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of t e Committee) (Head of the Department) (Mam (Member) (Member ) August 1979 ABSTRACT Effects of Protein Deficiency on Superoxide Dismutase and Tmmunologica' Competence...

  19. The role of CCL5 (RANTES) in the immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the guinea pig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skwor, Troy Arthur

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    ) ________________________________ Vernon L. Tesh (Member) December 2004 Major Subject: Medical Sciences iii ABSTRACT The Role of CCL5 (RANTES) in the Immune Response Against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the Guinea Pig. (December 2004) Troy Arthur Skwor, B.... and cytokine/chemokine gene expression was evaluated using real-time PCR. RgpCCL5 stimulated TNF? , IL-1? , CCL2, and CXCL8 mRNA expression and TNF? protein production (as assessed in the L929 cell bioassay) in macrophages. The effect of BCG...

  20. Saltstone Disposal Facility Closure Cap Configuration and Degradation Base Case: Institutional Control to Pine Forest Scenario

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phifer, M.A.

    2004-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The Performance Assessment (PA) for the Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF) is currently under revision. As part of the PA revision and as documented herein, the closure cap configuration has been reevaluated and closure cap degradation mechanisms and their impact upon infiltration through the closure cap have been evaluated for the institutional control to pine forest, land use scenario. This land use scenario is considered the base case land use scenario. This scenario assumes a 100-year institutional control period following final SDF closure during which the closure cap is maintained. At the end of institutional control, it is assumed that a pine forest succeeds the cap's original bamboo cover. Infiltration through the upper hydraulic barrier layer of the closure cap as determined by this evaluation will be utilized as the infiltration input to subsequent PORFLOW vadose zone contaminant transport modeling, which will also be performed as part of the PA revision. The impacts of pine forest succession, erosion, and colloidal clay migration as degradation mechanisms on the hydraulic properties of the closure cap layers over time have been estimated and the resulting infiltration through the closure cap has been evaluated. The primary changes caused by the degradation mechanisms that result in increased infiltration are the formation of holes in the upper GCL by pine forest succession and the reduction in the saturated hydraulic conductivity of the drainage layers due to colloidal clay migration into the layers. Erosion can also result in significant increases in infiltration if it causes the removal of soil layers, which provide water storage for the promotion of evapotranspiration. For this scenario, infiltration through the upper GCL was estimated at approximately 0.29 inches/year under initial intact conditions, it increased to approximately 11.6 inches/year at year 1000 in nearly a linear fashion, and it approached an asymptote of around 14.1 inches/year at year 1800 and thereafter. At year 1800, it was estimated that holes covered approximately 0.3 percent of the GCL due to root penetration, and that this resulted in an infiltration near that of typical background infiltration (i.e. as though the GCL were not there at all). This demonstrated that a very small area of holes essentially controlled the hydraulic performance of the GCL.

  1. Studies of the attack behavior of the southern pine beetle, Dendroctonus frontalis zimmerman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coster, Jack Eugene

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF LITERATURE General Except for a short flight period, the southern pine beetle spends its life cycle within the inner bark of the host tree (Hopkins 1909). During this brief flight period the beetles must disperse and locate new host material. Dixon... that odors emanating from the fermenting inner bark of a weakened host tree serve to attract a few bark beetles to begin at- tacks. After a few attacks are established in a tree, a stronger secondary attraction directs beetles to the tree in large numbers...

  2. Genetic variation and seed transfer guidelines for ponderosa pine in central Oregon. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sorensen, F.C.

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report includes an adaptive genetic variation in seed and seedling traits for ponderosa pine from the east slopes of the Cascade Range in Oregon which was analyzed by using 307 families from 227 locations. Factor scores from three principal components based on seed and seedling traits were related by multiple regression to latitude, distance from the Cascade crest, elevation, slope, and aspect of the seed sources and by classification analysis to seed zone and 300-meter elevation band within zone. A provisional transfer risk equation and tentative new seed zones were delineated to guide seed transfer in artificial regeneration.

  3. Product recovery of ponderosa pine in Arizona and New Mexico. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fahey, T.D.; Ayer Sachet, J.K.

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A mill recovery of ponderosa pine in Arizona and New Mexico showed wide variation in quality within the resource. Lumber grade ranged widely by log grade and diameter, with a major difference within grade 5 logs between old growth and young growth. Old growth produced mostly Shop and Selects grades of lumber while young growth produced mostly Dimension grades of lumber; small-diameter young growth developed severe problems of warpage. Log grades separated logs into distinct value classes, and separating young-growth timber (as an additional grade) allowed better segregation of logs by product type and expected value.

  4. Managing lodgepole pine to yield merchantable thinning products and attain sawtimber rotations. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, D.M.; Koch, P.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper suggests solution for a longstanding problem in managing lodgepole pine forests- that of managing individual stands to reach their planned rotation age, despite serious hazard from bark beetles and wildfire. The management regimes presented yield merchantable thinning products. The 80-year sawtimber rotation can be achieved using these management recommendation. Thinning at 30 years of age is central to achieving the recommended alternative management regimes. The authors suggest that agencies give roundwood operators a portion of the thinning stemwood as payment. Management regimes that provide attainable rotations are presented in summary tables, by three site index classes and a number of initial stand density classes.

  5. Genetic variation and seed transfer guidelines for lodgepole pine in Central Oregon. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sorensen, F.C.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pine cones were collected from 272 trees at 189 locations uniformly distributed over the east slopes of the Oregon Cascade Range and Warner Mountains. Variation in seed and seedling traits was related to (1) seed source latitude, distance from the Cascade crest, elevation, slope, and aspect in multiple regression analyses; and (2) seed zone and elevation band in classification analyses. Provisional seed transfer guidelines are presented. These include a regression equation for guiding seed transfer and estimating transfer risk, and a new outline of fixed seed zones.

  6. Soils as a factor in Pinyon Pine mortality due to Ips Beetle infestation in Garden Park, Colorado: a case study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krecic, Jeffrey

    2008-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    on severely water-and nutrient-poor cinder soil from Sunset Crater in Northern Arizona with trees growing on adjacent sandy-loam soil. By looking at the genotypic variations in glycerate dehydrogenase enzyme (GLY) locus among juvenile, intermediate and mature... pinyon pines on the cinder soil have a higher frequency of SS homozygotes than juveniles on the same soil. However, there is no significant difference in SS homozygotes between juvenile and mature pinyon pines on sandy-loam soil. The 20 difference...

  7. Seasonal feeding habits of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus Bodd.) in young loblolly pine (pinus taeda L.) plantations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furrh, Patricia Louise

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two-year old loblolly pine plantations were selected because at that age the tender apical buds of the young pines are within the feeding range of the deer. The two sites chosen had similar site preparation, were planted to the identical species..., as plant growth mstures in late spring or early suarer the tissues, particularly stems, of all species decline in palatability as the fiber fraction increases (Short 1969) . Thus, selectivity by deer may be affected by food quality as well as food...

  8. Synergism of turpentine and ethanol as attractants for certain pine-infesting beetles (Coleoptera)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, T.W.; Wilkening, A.J.; Atkinson, T.H.; Nation, J.L.; Wilkinson, R.C.; Foltz, J.L.

    1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Responses of seven species of pine-infesting beetles to traps baited with either turpentine, ethanol, turpentine and ethanol released from separate dispensers, or a 1:1 solution of turpentine and ethanol released from one dispenser were assessed in three field experiments. The weevil species, Pachylobius picivorus (Germar), and the cerambycid pine sawyer, Monochamus carolinenis (Olivier), were attracted to turpentine and were unaffected by the addition of ethanol. The ambrosia beetle, Xyleborus affinis Eichhoff, responded to ethanol alone but was not attracted to turpentine, nor did the presence of turpentine significantly affects its response to ethanol. The remaining four species) hylobius pales, M. titillator, Dendroctonus terebrans and x. pubescens) displayed responses to turpentine that were enhanced by the addition of ethanol, but in different ways according to the method of deployment. Reasons for increased responses by some species to a solution of turpentine and ethanol over the two released separately are not clear; they may lie in different dosages of evaporation rates of volatiles in the field. Laboratory analyses of trapped headspace volatiles from dispensers containing only turpentine and those containing a solution of turpentine and ethanol revealed no differences in the amounts of four principal monoterpene hydrocarbons (..cap alpha..-pinene, camphene, ..beta..-pinene, and limonene) released over time.

  9. Snag characteristics and dynamics following natural and artificially induced mortality in a managed loblolly pine forest.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zarnoch, Stanley J. [USDA Forest Service; Vukovich, Mark A. [USDA Forest Service; Kilgo, John C. [USDA Forest Service; Blake, John I. [USDA Forest Service

    2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A 14-year study of snag characteristics was established in 41- to 44-year old loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) stands in southeastern USA. During the initial 5.5 years, no stand manipulation or unusually high-mortality events occurred. Afterwards, three treatments were applied consisting of trees thinned and removed, trees felled and not removed, and artificial creation of snags produced by girdling and herbicide injection. The thinned treatments were designed to maintain the same live canopy density as the snag-created treatment, disregarding snags that remained standing.We monitored snag height, diameter, density, volume, and bark percentage; the number of cavities was monitored in natural snags only. During the first 5.5 years, recruitment and loss rates were stable, resulting in a stable snag population. Large snags (?25 cm diameter) were common, but subcanopy small snags (10 to <25 cm diameter) dominated numerically. Large natural snags survived (90% quantile) significantly longer (6.09.4 years) than smaller snags (4.46.9 years). Large artificial snags persisted the longest (11.8 years). Cavities in natural snags developed within 3 years following tree death. The mean number of cavities per snag was five times greater in large versus small snags and large snags were more likely to have multiple cavities, emphasizing the importance of mature pine stands for cavity-dependent wildlife species.

  10. Catalytic Hydroprocessing of Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oil from Pine Sawdust

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, Douglas C.; Hart, Todd R.; Neuenschwander, Gary G.; Rotness, Leslie J.; Olarte, Mariefel V.; Zacher, Alan H.; Solantausta, Yrjo

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Catalytic hydroprocessing has been applied to the fast pyrolysis liquid product (bio-oil) from softwood biomass in a bench-scale continuous-flow fixed-bed reactor system. The intent of the research was to develop process technology to convert the bio-oil into a petroleum refinery feedstock to supplement fossil energy resources and to displace imported feedstock. This paper is focused on the process experimentation and product analysis. The paper describes the experimental methods used and relates the results of the product analyses. A range of operating parameters including temperature, and flow-rate were tested with bio-oil derived from pine wood as recovered and pyrolyzed in the pilot pyrolyzer of Metso Power in Tampere, Finland. Effects of time on stream and catalyst activity were assessed. Details of the process results were presented included product yields and hydrogen consumption. Detailed analysis of the products were provided including elemental composition and product descriptors such as density, viscosity and Total Acid Number (TAN). In summation, the paper provides an initial understanding of the efficacy of hydroprocessing as applied to the Finnish pine bio-oil.

  11. Exploiting Genetic Variation of Fiber Components and Morphology in Juvenile Loblolly Pine.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hou-min Chang, John F. Kadla, Bailian Li, Ron Sederoff,

    2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to ensure the global competitiveness of the Pulp and Paper Industry in the Southeastern U.S., more wood with targeted characteristics have to be produced more efficiently on less land. The objective of the research project is to provide a molecular genetic basis for tree breeding of desirable traits in juvenile loblolly pine, using a multidisciplinary research approach. We developed micro analytical methods for determine the cellulose and lignin content, average fiber length, and coarseness of a single ring in a 12 mm increment core. These methods allow rapid determination of these traits in micro scale. Genetic variation and genotype by environment interaction (GxE) were studied in several juvenile wood traits of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.). Over 1000 wood samples of 12 mm increment cores were collected from 14 full-sib families generated by a 6-parent half-diallel mating design (11-year-old) in four progeny tests. Juvenile (ring 3) and transition (ring 8) for each increment core were analyzed for cellulose and lignin content, average fiber length, and coarseness. Transition wood had higher cellulose content, longer fiber and higher coarseness, but lower lignin than juvenile wood. General combining ability variance for the traits in juvenile wood explained 3 to 10% of the total variance, whereas the specific combining ability variance was negligible or zero. There were noticeable full-sib family rank changes between sites for all the traits. This was reflected in very high specific combining ability by site interaction variances, which explained from 5% (fiber length) to 37% (lignin) of the total variance. Weak individual-tree heritabilities were found for cellulose, lignin content and fiber length at the juvenile and transition wood, except for lignin at the transition wood (0.23). Coarseness had moderately high individual-tree heritabilities at both the juvenile (0.39) and transition wood (0.30). Favorable genetic correlations of volume and stem straightness were found with cellulose content, fiber length and coarseness, suggesting that selection on growth or stem straightness would results in favorable response in chemical wood traits. We have developed a series of methods for application of functional genomics to understanding the molecular basis of traits important to tree breeding for improved chemical and physical properties of wood. Two types of technologies were used, microarray analysis of gene expression, and profiling of soluble metabolites from wood forming tissues. We were able to correlate wood property phenotypes with expression of specific genes and with the abundance of specific metabolites using a new database and appropriate statistical tools. These results implicate a series of candidate genes for cellulose content, lignin content, hemicellulose content and specific extractible metabolites. Future work should integrate such studies in mapping populations and genetic maps to make more precise associations of traits with gene locations in order to increase the predictive power of molecular markers, and to distinguish between different candidate genes associated by linkage or by function. This study has found that loblolly pine families differed significantly for cellulose yield, fiber length, fiber coarseness, and less for lignin content. The implication for forest industry is that genetic testing and selection for these traits is possible and practical. With sufficient genetic variation, we could improve cellulose yield, fiber length, fiber coarseness, and reduce lignin content in Loblolly pine. With the continued progress in molecular research, some candidate genes may be used for selecting cellulose content, lignin content, hemicellulose content and specific extractible metabolites. This would accelerate current breeding and testing program significantly, and produce pine plantations with not only high productivity, but desirable wood properties as well.

  12. Church's Coincidences Philip Wadler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadler, Philip

    (1936) -- Recursive Functions 21 #12;Alan Turing (19121954) 22 #12;Alan Turing (1936) -- Turing Machine by a human being can be computed by a Turing Machine. 25 #12;Alan Turing (1937) -- Equivalence 26 #12;Alan Turing (1946) -- Automatic Computing Engine "Instruction tables will have to be made up

  13. Church's Coincidences Philip Wadler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadler, Philip

    ) -- Predecessor 20 #12;Stephen Kleene (1936) -- Recursive Functions 21 #12;Alan Turing (19121954) 22 #12;Alan Turing (1936) -- Turing Machine 23 #12;24 #12;Robin Gandy (1988) -- Turing's Theorem;Alan Turing (1937) -- Equivalence 26 #12;Alan Turing (1946) -- Automatic Computing Engine

  14. Church's Coincidences Philip Wadler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadler, Philip

    ;Stephen Kleene (1936) -- Recursive Functions 21 #12;Alan Turing (19121954) 22 #12;Alan Turing (1936 be calculated by a human being can be computed by a Turing Machine. 25 #12;Alan Turing (1937) -- Equivalence 26 #12;Alan Turing (1946) -- Automatic Computing Engine "Instruction tables will have to be made up

  15. Organic Photovoltaics Philip Schulz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    Field Effect Transistors Organic Light Emitting Diodes Organic Solar Cells .OFET, OTFT .RF-ID tag 1977 Conductivity in polymers 1986 First heterojunction OPV 1987 First organic light emitting diode (OLED) 1993 First OPV from solution processing 2001 First certified organic solar cell with 2

  16. Editor, Nature Philip Campbell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    conditioned their evolution. Cutting-edge protein science therefore remains central to any meaningful of these assemblies, in turn, must reflect the cellular context in which they usually operate, a factor that also

  17. Google Maths Philip Knight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    and Googleplex Web as a graph Link Analysis Search 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, . . . 1 #12;History Archie (1990), Veronica and Jughead (1993) WWW Wanderer, ALIWEB(1993) WWW Worm, JumpStation, RBSE (1993) Web. Properly ordered results. 4 #12;Web As A Graph Think of web as a collection of vertices and edges

  18. Multidimensional Compactons Philip Rosenau*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyman, James "Mac"

    -D model wherein a unidirectional convection is balanced by a N-dimensional dispersive force [4]. CNm; a b to the sedimentation of particles in x direction in a dilute dispersion [8]. Moreover, since for a 0 and b 1 Eq. (1 the two and three dimensional, N 2, 3, nonlinear dispersive equation CNm; a b: ut um x ua r2 ub x 0

  19. Enhanced root exudation induces microbial feedbacks to N cycling in a pine forest under long-term CO2 fumigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, Richard P.

    enrichment increases tree seedling biomass (Curtis & Wang 1998), net primary production (NPP) in young forest enhancement of forest ecosystem NPP under elevated CO2 will require either the additional supply of limitingLETTER Enhanced root exudation induces microbial feedbacks to N cycling in a pine forest under long

  20. Plenary Paper The Magnificent High-Elevation Five-Needle White Pines: Ecological Roles and Future Outlook.........................2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ....................................................................................................61 Jennifer D. Scott, Diana F. Tomback, Michael B. Wunder Limber Pine Health in the Canadian Rockies.................................................66 Diana F. Tomback, Anna W. Schoettle, Mario J. Perez, Kristen M. Grompone, Sabine Mellmann-Brown, Elizabeth Campbell, Ken Gibson, Sandra Kegley, Jesse Logan, Diana Six Extended Abstracts Health of Whitebark

  1. The effects of ethylenediurea and sodium erythorbate on photosynthetic function of ozone-exposed loblolly pine seedlings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuehler, Eric Anthony

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In separate experiments, ozone-sensitive loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) seedlings were treated with either 0 ppm, 150 ppm or 300 ppm ethylenediurea (EDU) or 0 ppm, 1030 ppm, or 2060 ppm Ozoban every 14 days. The seedlings were grown in open...

  2. 2010 USDA Research Forum on Invasive Species GTR-NRS-P-75 1 THE MOUNTAIN PINE BEETLE: CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010 USDA Research Forum on Invasive Species GTR-NRS-P-75 1 THE MOUNTAIN PINE BEETLE: CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF AN UNPRECEDENTED OUTBREAK Allan L. Carroll University of British Columbia, Department of Forest carbon dynamics. The loss of carbon uptake and the increased emissions from decaying trees have converted

  3. A conceptual model of water yield effects from beetle-induced tree death in snow-dominated lodgepole pine forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Small, Eric

    and snow interception, subcanopy wind regimes, soil infiltration, forest energy storage and snow surface of bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) has caused widespread mortality across more than 600,000km2 with high rates of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) mortality from mountain pin beetle (Dendroctonous

  4. Early genetic evaluation of loblolly pine based on growth characteristics of seedlings grown under four moisture regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waxler, Michael Steven

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at the end of the third year. Others have also reported positive correlations between seed weight and various growth character- ti 1 ECOth pi (Pi ~ ~1t 1 L. ) (Eii d 5 it 1949, Hadders 1964, Giertych 1974), slash pine (Her gen and Uoight 1960), 14O1 11y...

  5. Preparing planting sites for loblolly pine with hexazinone, picloram, or by chopping and burning. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haywood, J.D.

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Four treatments were applied to prepare two upland sites for planting of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.): (1) preplant broadcasting of extruded pellets of soil-active picloram at the rate of 6 lb acid equivalent per acre in March 1979, (2) preplant broadcasting of 0.12-cubic inch molded pellets of soil-active hexazinone at the rate of 2 lb active ingredient (a.i.) per acre in March 1979, (3) preplant chopping and burning during the summer of 1979, and (4) postplant broadcasting of 0.12-cubic inch molded pellets of hexazinone at the rate of 2 lb a.i. per acre in March 1980. The pine seedlings were hand-planted in January 1980. The herbicides did not injure the seedlings. The size and number of hardwoods after the third growing season were negatively related to the development and yield of planted pine trees after seven growing seasons. Conversely, the percentage of herbaceous plant cover at age 3 was positively related to pine stand development. Hexazinone can be effectively applied either before or after planting as a site-preparation method, but this formulation is less effective than a combination chopping and burning treatment.

  6. Vegetation patterns of Pine Canyon, Big Bend National Park, Texas, in relation to elevation and slope aspect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Bryan Joseph

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data on the woody vegetation of Pine Canyon, Big Bend National Park, Texas was gathered on an elevational gradient from 1250 m to 2000 m elevation using the point-centered quarter method. Sampling was conducted at 12 sites at 1250 m, 1500 m, 1625 m...

  7. Spatial and temporal patterns of colonization and brood development of IPS avulsus (Eichh.) and I. Calligraphus (Germ.) (Coleoptera:scolytidae) in loblolly pine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flamm, Richard Owen

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    this information may be critical to effective management of southern pines because the ~is species interact w1th D. frontalis to form an important pest complex. To enhance the pred1ct1ve modeling approach of bark beetle population dynam1cs, informat1on on ~is.... The southern pine beetle, Dendroctonus frontal is 2immermann is by far the most destructive bark beetle species attacking pine forests 1n the South. Other bark beetles species, primarily from the genus ~I s, are also significant pests in southern forests...

  8. The role of the anaesthetised guinea-pig in the preclinical cardiac safety evaluation of drug candidate compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marks, Louise, E-mail: louise.marks@astrazeneca.com [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Borland, Samantha; Philp, Karen; Ewart, Lorna; Laine, Pierre; Skinner, Matthew [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Kirk, Sarah [Innovative Medicines, Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Innovative Medicines, Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Valentin, Jean-Pierre [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite rigorous preclinical and clinical safety evaluation, adverse cardiac effects remain a leading cause of drug attrition and post-approval drug withdrawal. A number of cardiovascular screens exist within preclinical development. These screens do not, however, provide a thorough cardiac liability profile and, in many cases, are not preventing the progression of high risk compounds. We evaluated the suitability of the anaesthetised guinea-pig for the assessment of drug-induced changes in cardiovascular parameters. Sodium pentobarbitone anaesthetised male guinea-pigs received three 15 minute intravenous infusions of ascending doses of amoxicillin, atenolol, clonidine, dobutamine, dofetilide, flecainide, isoprenaline, levosimendan, milrinone, moxifloxacin, nifedipine, paracetamol, verapamil or vehicle, followed by a 30 minute washout. Dose levels were targeted to cover clinical exposure and above, with plasma samples obtained to evaluate effect/exposure relationships. Arterial blood pressure, heart rate, contractility function (left ventricular dP/dt{sub max} and QA interval) and lead II electrocardiogram were recorded throughout. In general, the expected reference compound induced effects on haemodynamic, contractility and electrocardiographic parameters were detected confirming that all three endpoints can be measured accurately and simultaneously in one small animal. Plasma exposures obtained were within, or close to the expected clinical range of therapeutic plasma levels. Concentrationeffect curves were produced which allowed a more complete understanding of the margins for effects at different plasma exposures. This single in vivo screen provides a significant amount of information pertaining to the cardiovascular risk of drug candidates, ultimately strengthening strategies addressing cardiovascular-mediated compound attrition and drug withdrawal. -- Highlights: ? Evaluation of the anaesthetised guinea-pig to determine cardiac liability. ? Haemodynamic, contractility, ECG parameters and plasma exposure all measurable. ? Single small animal model offering extensive evaluation of a drug's CV risk. ? Potential to strengthen drug discovery cardiovascular strategy. ? Potential to halt progression of drugs with CV liability, reducing drug attrition.

  9. Mast cells in citric acid-induced cough of guinea pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lai, Y.-L. [Department of Physiology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei 100, Taiwan (China)]. E-mail: tiger@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw; Lin, T.-Y. [Department of Physiology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei 100, Taiwan (China)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It was demonstrated previously that mast cells play an important role in citric acid (CA)-induced airway constriction. To investigate the role of mast cells in CA-induced cough, three experiments were carried out in this study. In the first experiment, 59 guinea pigs were employed and we used compound 48/80 to deplete mast cells, cromolyn sodium to stabilize mast cells, MK-886 to inhibit leukotriene synthesis, pyrilamine to antagonize histamine H{sub 1} receptor, methysergide to antagonize serotonin receptor, and indomethacin to inhibit cyclooxygenase. In the second experiment, 56 compound 48/80-pretreated animals were divided into two parts; the first one was used to test the role of exogenous leukotriene (LT) C{sub 4}, while the second one to test the role of exogenous histamine in CA-induced cough. Each animal with one of the above pretreatments was exposed sequentially to saline (baseline) and CA (0.6 M) aerosol, each for 3 min. Then, cough was recorded for 12 min using a barometric body plethysmograph. In the third experiment, the activation of mast cells upon CA inhalation was investigated by determining arterial plasma histamine concentration in 17 animals. Exposure to CA induced a marked increase in cough number. Compound 48/80, cromolyn sodium, MK-886 and pyrilamine, but not indomethacin or methysergide, significantly attenuated CA-induced cough. Injection of LTC{sub 4} or histamine caused a significant increase in CA-induced cough in compound 48/80-pretreated animals. In addition, CA inhalation caused significant increase in plasma histamine concentration, which was blocked by compound 48/80 pretreatment. These results suggest that mast cells play an important role in CA aerosol inhalation-induced cough via perhaps mediators LTs and histamine.

  10. Shallow gas in Arkoma basin - Pine Hollow and South Ashland fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woncik, J.

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Pine Hollow and South Ashland fields located in Pittsburg and Coal Counties, Oklahoma, established a combined reserve exceeding 200 bcf of gas. The Hartshorne Sandstone of early Desmoinesian (Pennsylvanian) age is the producing zone at a depth of 4000 ft (1200 m). Gas, probably of biogenic origin, migrated into the reservoir shortly after deposition. Subsequent folding and faulting of the Ashland anticline resulted in repositioning of the gas in a downthrown fault trap. The upthrown anticline portion of the Hartshorne is water-bearing. Moderate well costs and high individual reserves have resulted in excellent economics. Competitive bidding on federal leases has resulted in a high bid exceeding $1 million for one tract in the South Ashland field.

  11. A physiological and morphological analysis of the effects of nitrogen supply on the relative growth rates of nine loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) clones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stover, Corey Michael

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of nitrogen supply on relationships of relative growth rate (RGR) to leaf physiology, structural and non-structural carbon partitioning, and nitrogen- and water-use efficiencies were examined in loblolly pine ...

  12. The attraction of entomophagous insects to prey and habitat stimuli associated with the southern pine beetle, Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmerman (Coleoptera: Scolytidae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camors, Felix Bernerd

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of predators and associates to uninfested loblolly pine bolts. Data from 5 bolts, , 51 6. Pattern of response of parasites to unin- fested loblolly pine bolts. Data from 5 bolts. 53 INTRODUCTION Bark beetles are the most destructive insects... of these bark beetle species occurring in the South. This insect has an extensive range which includes parts of Pennsylvania, Missouri, Oklahoma, Texas, Maryland, Virginia, Nest Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, Alabama...

  13. Community Loblolly Pine Slash Pine

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingth Lomonosov Conference,Community

  14. Saltstone Disposal Facility Mechanically Stabilized Earth Vault Closure Cap Degradation Base Case: Institutional Control To Pine Forest Scenario

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phifer, MA

    2004-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the current Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF) Performance Assessment (PA) revision, the closure cap configuration was reevaluated and closure cap degradation mechanisms and their impact upon infiltration through the closure cap was evaluated for the existing SDF concrete vaults (i.e. vaults 1 and 4) for the base case land use scenario (i.e. institutional control to pine forest scenario) and documented in Phifer and Nelson (2003). The closure cap configuration was modified from a compacted kaolin barrier layer concept to a geosynthetic clay layer (GCL) barrier layer concept. The degradation mechanisms developed included pine forest succession, erosion, and colloidal clay migration. These degradation mechanisms resulted in changes in the hydraulic properties of the closure cap layers and resulting increases in infiltration through the closure cap over time.

  15. Problems in lodgepole pine thinnings: Basal live limbs and fill-in regeneration. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, D.M.

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaders that develop from live limbs left on stumps in thinning operations must be removed if thinning goals are to be fully realized. A linear regression model was developed to relate the height of the lowest live limbs of lodgepole pine trees to their age and height, and to the stand density. Three-dimensional graphs show the combinations of age, height, and stand density least likely to have live limbs within 0.5 ft of the ground. Fill-in regeneration was counted at four locations in western Montana and eastern Idaho over a 17-year period following thinnings to five different spacing levels. The amount of lodgepole pine ingress increased with spacing level; however, in the last years of the study, seedling establishment declined at the narrowest (6 by 6 ft) spacing and increased at the widest (18 by 18 ft). Management implications are discussed, and several management guidelines are given.

  16. Distribution of biomass and nutrients in lodgepole pine/bitterbrush ecosystems in central Oregon. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Little, S.N.; Shainsky, L.J.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors investigated the distribution of biomass and nutrients in lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. murryana Dougl.) ecosystems on pumice soils in south-central Oregon. Sixty-three trees were sampled to develop equations for estimating dry weights of tree crowns, boles, bark, and coarse roots from diameter at breast height and height. The concentrations of total carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur were determined for each of these components. Biomass, nutrient concentrations, and nutrient contents of the associated vegetation, forest floor, woody debris, fine roots, and soil horizons also were determined. An example stand illustrates the use of these data for determining the effects of bole versus whole-tree harvesting on nutrient capital in a lodgepole pine ecosystem.

  17. Isozymes of peroxidase induced by cold stratification and hydrogen peroxide during seed germination of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yung-Sheng

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1994 Major Subject: Plant Physiology ISOZYMES OF PEROXIDASE INDUCED BY COLD STRATIFICATION AND HYDROGEN PEROXIDE DURING SEED GERMINATION OF LOBLOLLY PINE (Pittas taeda L... by environmental stress factors. Peroxidase also plays a major role in lignification and wound healing, and it is believed to be involved in auxin catabolism and defense in response to pathogenic attack. In plants, hydrogen peroxide (HP) is associated...

  18. Growth, physiology, and [delta] 13C of loblolly and shortleaf pine as affected by ozone and soil water deficit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elsik, Christine Golemboski

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    44 48 CHAPTER Page VI STABLE CARBON ISOTOPE COMPOSITION AND LEAF INTERNAL CARBON DIOXIDE CONCENTRATION OF LOBLOLLY AND SHORTLEAF PINE AS AFFECTED BY OZONE AND WATER STRESS Introduction Experimental Methods Results . Discussion Summary..., ) and two water regimes (well-watered and water- stressed) during one growing in season open-top field chambers equipped with fixed raincaps. Conventional methods were used to measure growth, biomass allocation, foliar chlorophyll concentration...

  19. Effects of Precommercial Thinning and Midstory Control on Avian and Small Mammal Communities during Longleaf Pine Savanna Restoration.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lane, Vanessa R [Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College; Kilgo, John C [USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract - Restoring longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) savanna is a goal of many southern land managers, and longleaf plantations may provide a mechanism for savanna restoration. However, the effects of silvicultural treatments used in the management of longleaf pine plantations on wildlife communities are relatively unknown. Beginning in 1994, we examined effects of longleaf pine restoration with plantation silviculture on avian and small mammal communities using four treatments in four 8- to 11- year-old plantations within the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. Treatments included prescribed burning every 3 to 5 years, plus: (1) no additional treatment (burn-only control); (2) precommercial thinning; (3) non-pine woody control with herbicides; and (4) combined thinning and woody control. We surveyed birds (1996-2003) using 50-m point counts and small mammals with removal trapping. Thinning and woody control alone had short-lived effects on avian communities, and the combination treatment increased avian parameters over the burn-only control in all years. Small mammal abundance showed similar trends as avian abundance for all three treatments when compared with the burn-only control, but only for 2 years post-treatment. Both avian and small mammal communities were temporarily enhanced by controlling woody vegetation with chemicals in addition to prescribed fire and thinning. Therefore, precommercial thinning in longleaf plantations, particularly when combined with woody control and prescribed fire, may benefit early-successional avian and small mammal communities by developing stand conditions more typical of natural longleaf stands maintained by periodic fire.

  20. Biomass and nutrient distributions in central Oregon second-growth ponderosa pine ecosystems. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Little, S.N.; Shainsky, L.J.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigated the distributioin of biomass and nurtrients in second-growth ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex Laws.) ecosystems in central Oregon. Destructive sampling of aboveground and belowground tree biomass was carried out at six sites in the Deschutes National Forest; three of these sites also were intensively sampled for biomass and nutrient concentrations of the soil, forest floor, residue, and shrub components. Tree biomass equations were developed that related component biomass to diameter at breast height and total tree height.

  1. Relationships of environmental variables with first-year survival and growth of loblolly pine in East Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harding, Lynn Marie

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , deficits or surpluses of soil moisture are calculated by subtracting the change in storage (from the previous day or month) from the difference obtained by subtracting the adjusted potential evapotranspiration from the precipitation. A soil moisture... . The purpose of this oaper was to determine if soil moisture as calculated from Tnornthwaite's PET formula and other measures of available moisture could be used as indicators of first-year survival of loblolly pine in East Texas. Tnree sites in East Texas...

  2. Root biomass and nutrient content of a 25-year-old loblolly pine (Pinus Taeda L.) plantation in East Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuttle, Charles LaGrone

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF FIGURES Figure Page I Biomass study site Newton Co". , Texas 17 2 Arrangement 'of sample blocks around the taproot. 21 3 Relationship of dry taproot weight to tree diameter for 25-year-old loblolly pine 32 INTRODUCTION The demand for wood fiber..., and more complete biomass utilization (Boyce, 1975). Taproot biomass utilization has been reported to increase wood fiber production by 25 to 30 percent (Koch, 1974r Koch and Coughran, 1975). However, increased biomass utilization has caused concern...

  3. Development of a mixed shrub-ponderosa pine community in a natural and treated condition. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonald, P.M.; Fiddler, G.O.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On a medium site in northern California, a mostly shrub community was treated by two manual release techniques and by two herbicides, to study its development in both a natural (control) and treated condition. Survival and growth of planted ponderosa pine seedlings were quantified for 8 to 11 years after initial treatment applications. Treatments included manual release in a 4-foot radius around pine seedlings one, two, and three times; grubbing the entire one-seventh acre plot two times; applying 2,4-D and Velpar herbicides to the entire plot one time; and a control. Data are presented for the most abundant species (greenleaf manzanita), second most abundant species (snowbrush), by the two species combined, and by all 10 shrub species combined. At the end of the study in 1990, manzanita was the most abundant species with 15,267 plants per acre, cover of 24,800 ft, and height of 5.4 feet. Ponderosa pine developed best in plots where the entire area was grubbed twice (mean height of 14.2 feet).

  4. Diagnosis & Correction of Soil Nutrient Limitations in Intensively managed southern pine forests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    University of Florida

    2002-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Forest productivity is one manner to sequester carbon and it is a renewable energy source. Likewise, efficient use of fertilization can be a significant energy savings. To date, site-specific use of fertilization for the purpose of maximizing forest productivity has not been well developed. Site evaluation of nutrient deficiencies is primarily based on empirical approaches to soil testing and plot fertilizer tests with little consideration for soil water regimes and contributing site factors. This project uses mass flow diffusion theory in a modeling context, combined with process level knowledge of soil chemistry, to evaluate nutrient bioavailability to fast-growing juvenile forest stands growing on coastal plain Spodosols of the southeastern U.S. The model is not soil or site specific and should be useful for a wide range of soil management/nutrient management conditions. In order to use the model, field data of fast-growing southern pine needed to be measured and used in the validation of the model. The field aspect of the study was mainly to provide data that could be used to verify the model. However, we learned much about the growth and development of fast growing loblolly. Carbon allocation patterns, root shoot relationships and leaf area root relationships proved to be new, important information. The Project Objectives were to: (1) Develop a mechanistic nutrient management model based on the COMP8 uptake model. (2) Collect field data that could be used to verify and test the model. (3) Model testing.

  5. Ascorbic acid suppresses endotoxemia and NF-?B signaling cascade in alcoholic liver fibrosis in guinea pigs: A mechanistic approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abhilash, P.A.; Harikrishnan, R.; Indira, M., E-mail: indiramadambath@gmail.com

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Alcohol consumption increases the small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and intestinal permeability of endotoxin. The endotoxin mediated inflammatory signaling plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. We evaluated the effect of ascorbic acid (AA), silymarin and alcohol abstention on the alcohol induced endotoxemia and NF-?B activation cascade pathway in guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus). Guinea pigs were administered ethanol at a daily dose of 4 g/kg b.wt for 90 days. After 90 days, ethanol administration was stopped. The ethanol treated animals were divided into abstention, silymarin (250 mg/kg b.wt) and AA (250 mg/kg b.wt) supplemented groups and maintained for 30 days. The SIBO, intestinal permeability and endotoxin were significantly increased in the ethanol group. The mRNA expressions of intestinal proteins claudin, occludin and zona occludens-1 were significantly decreased in ethanol group. The mRNA levels of inflammatory receptors, activity of IKK? and the protein expressions of phospho-I?B?, NF-?B, TNF-?, TGF-?{sub 1} and IL-6 were also altered in ethanol group. The expressions of fibrosis markers ?-SMA, ?{sub 1} (I) collagen and sirius red staining in the liver revealed the induction of fibrosis. But the supplementation of AA could induce greater reduction of ethanol induced SIBO, intestinal barrier defects, NF-?B activation and liver fibrosis than silymarin. The possible mechanism may be the inhibitory effect of AA on SIBO, intestinal barrier defect and IKK?, which decreased the activation of NF-?B and synthesis of cytokines. This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis. - Highlights: Alcohol increases intestinal bacterial overgrowth and permeability of endotoxin. Endotoxin mediated inflammation plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. Ascorbic acid reduces endotoxemia, NF-?B activation and proinflammatory cytokines. AA's action is by inhibition of SIBO, IKK? and alteration of intestinal permeability. This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis.

  6. SEYMOUR, G., AND A. TECLE. 2004. IMPACT OF SLASH PILE SIZE AND BURNING ON PONDEROSA PINE FOREST SOIL PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS. JOURNAL OF THE ARIZONA-NEVADA ACADEMY OF SCIENCE 37(2):74-82.2004GEOFF SEYMOUR AND AREGAI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SEYMOUR, G., AND A. TECLE. 2004. IMPACT OF SLASH PILE SIZE AND BURNING ON PONDEROSA PINE FOREST SEYMOUR AND AREGAI TECLE. IMPACT OF SLASH PILE SIZE AND BURNING ON PONDEROSA PINE FOREST SOIL PHYSICAL 86001 ABSTRACT Slash-pile burns associated with restoration thinning treatments may change soil

  7. Land-Use History and Contemporary Management Inform an Ecological Reference Model for Longleaf Pine Woodland Understory Plant Communities.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brudvig, Lars A. [Department of Plant Biology, Michigan State University; Orrock, John L. [Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin; Damschen, Ellen I. [Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin; et al, et al

    2014-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Ecological restoration is frequently guided by reference conditions describing a successfully restored ecosystem; however, the causes and magnitude of ecosystem degradation vary, making simple knowledge of reference conditions insufficient for prioritizing and guiding restoration. Ecological reference models provide further guidance by quantifying reference conditions, as well as conditions at degraded states that deviate from reference conditions. Many reference models remain qualitative, however, limiting their utility. We quantified and evaluated a reference model for southeastern U.S. longleaf pine woodland understory plant communities. We used regression trees to classify 232 longleaf pine woodland sites at three locations along the Atlantic coastal plain based on relationships between understory plant community composition, soils lol(which broadly structure these communities), and factors associated with understory degradation, including fire frequency, agricultural history, and tree basal area. To understand the spatial generality of this model, we classified all sites together. and for each of three study locations separately. Both the regional and location-specific models produced quantifiable degradation gradientsi.e., progressive deviation from conditions at 38 reference sites, based on understory species composition, diversity and total cover, litter depth, and other attributes. Regionally, fire suppression was the most important degrading factor, followed by agricultural history, but at individual locations, agricultural history or tree basal area was most important. At one location, the influence of a degrading factor depended on soil attributes. We suggest that our regional model can help prioritize longleaf pine woodland restoration across our study region; however, due to substantial landscape-to-landscape variation, local management decisions should take into account additional factors (e.g., soil attributes). Our study demonstrates the utility of quantifying degraded states and provides a series of hypotheses for future experimental restoration work. More broadly, our work provides a framework for developing and evaluating reference models that incorporate multiple, interactive anthropogenic drivers of ecosystem degradation.

  8. Geologic map and coal sections of the Pine Ridge quadrangle, Moffat County, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prost, G.L.; Brownfield, M.E.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Pine Ridge quadrangle was mapped as part of the US Geological Survey's program of classifying and evaluating mineral lands in the public domain. Coal is the primary resource of econmic interest within the quadrangle and occurs in the Lance and Fort Union Formations. Several unsuccessful oil-and-gas wells have been drilled within the quadrangle. Possible uranium deposits may be found in the Browns Park Formation. Sand and gravel are also present in the quadrangle. The main coal zone in the Lance Formation is found near the middle and contains coal beds ranging in thickness from 0.17 to 0.94 m. These coal beds are discontinuous, grading laterally and vertically into carbonaceous shales. The middle coal zone in the Lance Formation appears to be continuous from east to west across the quadrangle. Coal beds approximately 0.1 m thick occur locally just above the base of the Lance. There are no coal mines or prospects within the formation. Coal beds in the Fort Union Formation, although generally thicker than the Lance coals, are extremely lenticular and irregular in distribution. The Fort Union coal zone is 22 to 51 m thick and the lowermost coal bed is 36 to 177 m above the basal Fort Union contact. Coal beds pinch and swell, are split by shale and sandstone partings, are cut out by river-channel sandstones, and grade laterally and vertically into carbonaceous shales. Inferred coal resources were calculated for the Fort Union Formation coals. An estimated 3278 ha are underlain by approximately 195 million metric tons. Resources were not calculated for coal beds in the Lance Formation.

  9. Modification of alkaline pulping to facilitate the isolation of aliphatic acids. Part 1. Sodium hydroxide pretreatment of pine wood

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alen, R.; Niemelae, K.; Sjoestroem, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pretreating pine chips (Pinus sylvestris) with sodium hydroxide prior to the alkaline delignification kraft, kraft-anthraquinone, and soda-anthraquinone) can facilitate the recovery of the carbohydrate degradation products from alkaline pulping liquors. Under suitable pretreatment conditions large amounts of carbohydrate degradation products (alipahtic acids) were formed relative to lignin. The lignin fraction was composed of comparatively low-molecular-weight fragments. Although the delignification was considerably retarded and the yield (based on wood) was decreased by 1-3%, the properties of the resulting pulp were essentially maintained despite pretreatment. Finally, data are given for the composition of aliphatic acids in liquors resulting from pretreatments.

  10. Parametric Gasification of Oak and Pine Feedstocks Using the TCPDU and Slipstream Water-Gas Shift Catalysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hrdlicka, J.; Feik, C.; Carpenter, D.; Pomeroy, M.

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With oak and pine feedstocks, the Gasification of Biomass to Hydrogen project maximizes hydrogen production using the Full Stream Reformer during water-gas shift fixed-bed reactor testing. Results indicate that higher steam-to-biomass ratio and higher thermal cracker temperature yield higher hydrogen concentration. NREL's techno-economic models and analyses indicate hydrogen production from biomass may be viable at an estimated cost of $1.77/kg (current) and $1.47/kg (advanced in 2015). To verify these estimates, NREL used the Thermochemical Process Development Unit (TCPDU), an integrated system of unit operations that investigates biomass thermochemical conversion to gaseous and liquid fuels and chemicals.

  11. A review of "The Isle of Pines, 1668: Henry Neville's Uncertain Utopia" by John Scheckter and Henry Neville

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Dan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    informative and exhaustive readings as well, as he has provided a very useful and timely edition of a text that deserves more critical attention. Although Neville?s Isle of Pines inherently o ers a very complicated textual puzzle (It appeared in print over.... But this chapter goes further, however, and o ers a survey of editorial procedure for other editions, starting with that of #14;omas Hollis in the eighteenth century. Scheckter contrasts Hollis?s editorial choices with those of William Chauncey Ford, whose 1920...

  12. Estimation of aboveground biomass and inorganic nutrient content of a 25-year-old loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houser, James Nelson

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0. 46 0. 08 O. OI 0. 17 0. 15 0. 06 0. 01 0. 09 0. 56 0. 05 0. 01 0. 03 0. 05 0. 02 * No ages given, Trees were 2. 5 to 25. 4 cm dbh. "'+Wood and bark. Table 5. Distribution of aboveground biomass and nutrients in a 16- year-old loblolly pine... was approximately equal to that in foliage, branches, and stembark, but, again, the concentration was lower in stemwood. Stems (wood plus bark) contained 45% of the N, 48% of the p, 54/ of the K, 60% of the Ca, 63% of the Mg, and 80% of the aboveground biomass...

  13. Old growth ponderosa pine and western larch stand structures: Influences of pre-1900 fires and fire exclusion. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arno, S.F.; Smith, H.Y.; Krebs, M.A.

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present data from two old growth stands on Lolo National Forest representing habitats that contrast with larch stand. One of the stands is a mixture of pine and larch on a steep upland slope and the other is larch dominated in a frost-prone valley bottom evidently at the cold limits of ponderosa pine. We also synthesize and compare age-class data, basal areas (BA), and Stand Density Indexes (SDI) for the entire range of old growth stands that we have sampled to represent the historical frequent fire types in western Montana.

  14. Diet of southern toads (Bufo terrestris) in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) stands subject to coarse woody debris manipulations.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moseley, Kurtis R.; Steven B. Castleberry; James L. Hanula; Mark Ford.

    2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT In the southeastern United States, coarse woody debris (CWD) typically harbors high densities of invertebrates. However, its importance as a foraging substrate for southeastern amphibians is relatively unknown. We examined effects of CWD manipulations on diet composition of southern toads (Bufo terrestris) in upland loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) stands in the Coastal Plain of South Carolina. Twelve 9.3-ha plots were assigned one of the following treatments: removal- all CWD _10 cm in diameter and _60 cm long removed; downed- five-fold increase in volume of down CWD; and unmanipulated control stands. We collected southern toads _4 cm snout-vent length (SVL) during 14 d sampling periods in June and October 2002, June 2003 and during a 28 d sampling period in April 2003. We collected 80, 36 and 35 southern toads in control, downed and removal treatments, respectively. We found no difference in relative abundance or frequency of invertebrate groups consumed among treatments (P.0.05). Average body weight (g), SVL (cm) and stomach content weight (g wet) of individuals also were similar among treatments (P . 0.05). The role of CWD as a foraging substrate for southern toads in loblolly pine stands of the southeastern Coastal Plain may be negligible, at least in the early stages of decay.

  15. CHRONIC IRRADIATION OF SCOTS PINE TREES (PINUS SYLVESTRIS) IN THE CHERNOBYL EXCLUSION ZONE: DOSIMETRY AND RADIOBIOLOGICAL EFFECTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farfan, E.; Jannik, T.

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To identify effects of chronic internal and external radiation exposure for components of terrestrial ecosystems, a comprehensive study of Scots pine trees in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone was performed. The experimental plan included over 1,100 young trees (up to 20 years old) selected from areas with varying levels of radioactive contamination. These pine trees were planted after the 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident mainly to prevent radionuclide resuspension and soil erosion. For each tree, the major morphological parameters and radioactive contamination values were identified. Cytological analyses were performed for selected trees representing all dose rate ranges. A specially developed dosimetric model capable of taking into account radiation from the incorporated radionuclides in the trees was developed for the apical meristem. The calculated dose rates for the trees in the study varied within three orders of magnitude, from close to background values in the control area (about 5 mGy y{sup -1}) to approximately 7 Gy y{sup -1} in the Red Forest area located in the immediate vicinity of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant site. Dose rate/effect relationships for morphological changes and cytogenetic defects were identified and correlations for radiation effects occurring on the morphological and cellular level were established.

  16. USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-63. 2011. 203 Abstract--Predicting the future of high-elevation pine popula-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Recently, a number of NSF-supported environmental observing projects have generated exciting oppor- tunities to improve our understanding of the climatic sensitivity of these pine species. The Nevada system, soil temperature, hydraulic head, etc.), and vegetational (stem incre- ment, sap flow, NDVI

  17. Solar Treatment for Mountain Pine Beetle Solar treatment may be appropriate in some areas of Colorado to reduce beetle populations in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solar Treatment for Mountain Pine Beetle Solar treatment may be appropriate in some areas number of logs in high-value areas. There are two options of solar treatment: with plastic sheeting, and without plastic. Below is a brief description on set-up and difficulties when using solar treatment

  18. Age-class structure of old growth ponderosa pine/douglas-fir stands and its relationship to fire history. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arno, S.F.; Scott, J.H.; Hartwell, M.G.

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Describes age structure of nine old growth ponderosa pine/Douglas-fir stands in western Montana. Interprets the influence of past fires and 20th century five exclusion on stand structure. Gives implications for management to restore and maintain these forests for multiple resource values.

  19. -RESPONSES OF PINE SAVANNAS TO CLIMATE CHANGE AND LARGE-SCALE DISTURBANCE -75 Applied Vegetation Science 9: 75-82, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckage, Brian

    ). In addition to rising temperatures, global warming is expected to change the frequency of natural disturbances- RESPONSES OF PINE SAVANNAS TO CLIMATE CHANGE AND LARGE-SCALE DISTURBANCE - 75 Applied Vegetation ecological commu- nities through altered disturbance regimes in addition to in- creased temperatures. We

  20. Mutations Abrogating VP35 Interaction with Double-Stranded RNA Render Ebola Virus Avirulent in Guinea Pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prins, Kathleen C.; Delpeut, Sebastien; Leung, Daisy W.; Reynard, Olivier; Volchkova, Valentina A.; Reid, St. Patrick; Ramanan, Parameshwaran; Crdenas, Washington B.; Amarasinghe, Gaya K.; Volchkov, Viktor E.; Basler, Christopher F. (CNRS-INSERM); (Mount Sinai Hospital); (LB-Ecuador); (Iowa State)

    2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Ebola virus (EBOV) protein VP35 is a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) binding inhibitor of host interferon (IFN)-{alpha}/{beta} responses that also functions as a viral polymerase cofactor. Recent structural studies identified key features, including a central basic patch, required for VP35 dsRNA binding activity. To address the functional significance of these VP35 structural features for EBOV replication and pathogenesis, two point mutations, K319A/R322A, that abrogate VP35 dsRNA binding activity and severely impair its suppression of IFN-{alpha}/{beta} production were identified. Solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography reveal minimal structural perturbations in the K319A/R322A VP35 double mutant and suggest that loss of basic charge leads to altered function. Recombinant EBOVs encoding the mutant VP35 exhibit, relative to wild-type VP35 viruses, minimal growth attenuation in IFN-defective Vero cells but severe impairment in IFN-competent cells. In guinea pigs, the VP35 mutant virus revealed a complete loss of virulence. Strikingly, the VP35 mutant virus effectively immunized animals against subsequent wild-type EBOV challenge. These in vivo studies, using recombinant EBOV viruses, combined with the accompanying biochemical and structural analyses directly correlate VP35 dsRNA binding and IFN inhibition functions with viral pathogenesis. Moreover, these studies provide a framework for the development of antivirals targeting this critical EBOV virulence factor.

  1. Extension of the Southern Hemisphere Atmospheric Radiocarbon Curve, 2120-850 years BP: Results from Tasmanian Huon Pine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zimmerman, S R; P.Guilderson, T; Buckley, B M; Cook, E

    2010-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Decadal samples of dendrochronologically-dated pine (Lagorostrobos franklinii) from the Stanley River basin, Tasmania have been radiocarbon dated between 2120-850 yr BP. This data set overlaps and extends the current Southern Hemisphere record, which currently covers the period 110-995 yr BP. There is good agreement between the two records between 995-850 yr BP, between sample replicates and with consensus values for standards. As in the younger dataset, we find evidence for a distinct but variable offset between the southern hemisphere data and IntCal04; although this is likely due to real temporal variability in the interhemispheric offset, further work is planned to rule out possible laboratory or sample preparation differences.

  2. Effect of coarse woody debris manipulation on soricid and herpetofaunal communities in upland pine stands of the southeastern coastal plain.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, Justin, Charles

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract -The majority of studies investigating the importance of coarse woody debris (CWD) to forest- floor vertebrates have taken place in the Pacific Northwest and southern Appalachian Mountains, while comparative studies in the southeastern Coastal Plain are lacking. My study was a continuation of a long-term project investigating the importance of CWD as a habitat component for shrew and herpetofaunal communities within managed pine stands in the southeastern Coastal Plain. Results suggest that addition of CWD can increase abundance of southeastern and southern short-tailed shrews. However, downed wood does not appear to be a critical habitat component for amphibians and reptiles. Rising petroleum costs and advances in wood utilization technology have resulted in an emerging biofuels market with potential to decrease CWD volumes left in forests following timber harvests. Therefore, forest managers must understand the value of CWD as an ecosystem component to maintain economically productive forests while conserving biological diversity.

  3. SIZE OF COARSE WOODY DEBRIS 5 YEARS AFTER GIRDLING AND REMOVAL TREATMENTS IN 50-YEAR-OLD LOBLOLLY PINE PLANTATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. Boyd Edwards

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PP 108 -113 in: Connor, Kristina F., ed. 2004. Proceedings of the 12th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS?71. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 594 p. Abstract: In 1996, a study began at Savannah River Site to investigate large-scale replicated forest areas to control coarse woody debris for integrated biodiversity objectives. Research design was a randomized complete block with four treatments replicated in four blocks, resulting in 16 plots. The treatments applied to 50-year-old loblolly pine stands were (1) control, (2) girdling of 25 percent of trees to create catastrophic simulation, (3) annual removal of down woody debris > 10 cm in diameter, and (4) annual removal of both standing and down woody debris > 10 cm in diameter. The study tracks coarse woody debris recruitment and loading, rates of decomposition, and effects on the forest ecosystem.

  4. Stemwood production patterns in ponderosa pine: Effects of stand dynamics and other factors. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arbaugh, M.J.; Peterson, D.L.

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The growth patterns of vertical stems in nine ponderosa pines from a stand in the southern Sierra Nevada were analyzed for recent changes due to stand dominance position, age, climate, and ozone exposure. Large positive correlations were found between increments in volume growth and basal area at d.b.h. The results indicated that patterns of wood distribution along the bole were associated with age, competitive position, and release from competition. A multiple regression model using winter and spring precipitation adequately explained short-term growth fluctuations during 1920-1955 and predicted growth during 1956-1985 for the trees as a group. A prominent feature of all volume, basal area, and ring width series was a growth response to a selective harvest in 1965. Increments in gross volume increased througout the bole of all trees but declined for thinning. This increasing trend continued for young and dominant trees but declined for older nondominant trees.

  5. Using a density-management design to develop thinning schedules for loblolly pine plantations. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dean, T.J.; Baldwin, V.C.

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for developing thinning schedules using a density-management diagram is presented. A density-management diagram is a form of stocking chart based on patterns of natural stand development. The diagram allows rotation diameter and the upper and lower limits of growing stock to be easily transformed into before and after thinning densities. Site height lines on the diagram together with site index curves then allow the timing of thinnings to be specified. Intermediate and final harvest volumes are calculated with a growth and yield simulator capable of recovering the diameter distribution within the plantation. The development of thinning schedules by this method is illustrated for loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantations.

  6. Propositions as Sessions Philip Wadler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadler, Philip

    correspond to session types. Continuing a line of work by Honda (1993), by Honda, Kubo, and Vasconcelos (1998. Copyright c 2012 ACM 978-1-4503-1054-3/12/09...$10.00 line, Honda (1993) introduced session types, further developed by Honda et al. (1998) and others, which take inspiration from linear logic, but do not enjoy

  7. Charles P. Shelton Philip Koopman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koopman, Philip

    of components per subsystemN k Proof of Concept: Scalable Specification of an example Brake- By-Wire system + + + + + Real-world electromechanical anti-lock braking system transformed to hypothetical embedded network a race course Combine line following sensor system with location tracking and navigation algorithms Run

  8. Charles P. Shelton Philip Koopman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koopman, Philip

    of components per subsystemN k Proof of Concept: Scalable Specification of an example Brake- By-Wire system + + + + + Real-world electromechanical anti-lock braking system transformed to hypothetical embedded network Systems GM Autonomous Robot Navigation: + + Combine line following sensor system with location tracking

  9. The Bootstrap Philip M. Dixon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for environmentric data. The methods will be illustrated using data on heavy metal concentrations in ground water [22 CONCEPTS Consider estimating the mean concentration of a heavy metal, e.g. Copper in groundwater from San

  10. PHILIP C. MYINT PERSONAL INFORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firoozabadi, Abbas

    Department, Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo, Mexico City, Mexico (talk given as part of a two-week visit

  11. PHILIP C. ROTH Curriculum Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (SciDAC) program of the U.S. Dept. of Energy Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR-Champaign, Urbana, IL, 1996. Thesis titled "ETRUSCA: Event Trace Reduction Using Statistical Data Clustering and Computational Science Directorate's operations council (20102012). Research Assistant, Paradyn Project

  12. Philips Lightolier | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCNInformation

  13. Philips Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy Resources JumpPfhotonika Jump to:PhilippiDCACo-benefitsSolar

  14. Effects of seed production, seedbed condition, and overstory basal area on the establishment of shortleaf pine seedlings in the Ouachita Mountains. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shelton, M.G.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    First-year seedlings establishment was determined across an array of seedbed conditions and overstory basal areas in stands of shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata Mill.) and hardwoods following the initial harvest implementing uneven-aged silviculture. Results indicate the importance of regulating overstory basal area in the application of uneven-aged silviculture in stands featuring short-leaf pine. When total overstory basal area was within the guidelines for uneven-aged stands (45 to 75 sq.ft.acre), seedbeds of mineral soil and partial and undisturbed litter resulted in ample regeneration even with seed crops that were slightly below regional averages. Composition of the overstory basal area apparently did not strongly affect initial seedling establishment in areas having sparse ground vegetation and should not be extended to longer time periods or other conditions.

  15. Early survival and height growth of douglas-fir and lodgepole pine seedling and variations in site factors following treatment of logging residues. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lopushinsky, W.; Zabowski, D.; Anderson, T.D.

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Logging residues were (1) broadcast burned, (2) piled and burned, (3) removed, or (4) left in place after clearcutting in a high elevation subalpine fir/lodgepole pine forest in north-central Washington. Survival, height growth, and nutrient content of foliage of planted Douglas-fir and lodgepole pine seedlings, and variations in soil factors (nutrients, temperature, moisture, and compaction) and air temperature were compared for the four treatments. Little height growth occurred the first year, and it was similar for all treatments, probably due to transplant shock. Height growth the second year increased the most in the burned treatments, and the least in the slash-left treatment. Levels of nutrients in foliage were similar for all treatments and above threshold-deficiency levels except for sulfur. Extractable soil nutrients increased with burn treatments but returned to levels in other treatments within 3 years, best performance of seedlings during the first 2 years was in burn treatments.

  16. Data Report: Meteorological and Evapotranspiration Data from Sagebrush and Pinyon Pine/Juniper Communities at Pahute Mesa, Nevada National Security Site, 2011-2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jasoni, Richard L [DRI; Larsen, Jessica D [DRI; Lyles, Brad F. [DRI; Healey, John M [DRI; Cooper, Clay A [DRI; Hershey, Ronald L [DRI; Lefebre, Karen J [DRI

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pahute Mesa is a groundwater recharge area at the Nevada National Security Site. Because underground nuclear testing was conducted at Pahute Mesa, groundwater recharge may transport radionuclides from underground test sites downward to the water table; the amount of groundwater recharge is also an important component of contaminant transport models. To estimate the amount of groundwater recharge at Pahute Mesa, an INFIL3.0 recharge-runoff model is being developed. Two eddy covariance (EC) stations were installed on Pahute Mesa to estimate evapotranspiration (ET) to support the groundwater recharge modeling project. This data report describes the methods that were used to estimate ET and collect meteorological data. Evapotranspiration was estimated for two predominant plant communities on Pahute Mesa; one site was located in a sagebrush plant community, the other site in a pinyon pine/juniper community. Annual ET was estimated to be 31013.9 mm for the sagebrush site and 34715.9 mm for the pinyon pine/juniper site (March 26, 2011 to March 26, 2012). Annual precipitation measured with unheated tipping bucket rain gauges was 179 mm at the sagebrush site and 159 mm at the pinyon pine/juniper site. Annual precipitation measured with bulk precipitation gauges was 222 mm at the sagebrush site and 227 mm at the pinyon pine/juniper site (March 21, 2011 to March 28, 2012). A comparison of tipping bucket versus bulk precipitation data showed that total precipitation measured by the tipping bucket rain gauges was 17 to 20 percent lower than the bulk precipitation gauges. These differences were most likely the result of the unheated tipping bucket precipitation gauges not measuring frozen precipitation as accurately as the bulk precipitation gauges. In this one-year study, ET exceeded precipitation at both study sites because estimates of ET included precipitation that fell during the winter of 2010-2011 prior to EC instrumentation and the precipitation gauges started collecting data in March 2011.

  17. Growth and mortality of ponderosa pine poles thinned to various densities in the Blue Mountains of Oregon. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, P.H.; Barrett, J.W.

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Growth and mortality in relation to density were investigated for 24 years. High mortality rates from mountain pine beetle occurred on some plots where values for stand-density index exceeded 140. Periodic annual increments of gross basal area and cubic volume increased curvilinearly with increasing stand density, whereas periodic annual diameter increments decreased curvilinearly with increasing stand density. Mean annual increments of board-foot volume have not culminated at age 84 years.

  18. Geographic variation in speed of seed germination in central Oregon ponderosa pine ( pinus ponderosa' dougl. ex laws). Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weber, J.C.; Sorensen, F.C.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Variation in speed of seed germination was investigated among ponderosa pine trees representing 225 locations in central Oregon. Results suggested that at least some of the geographic variation is related to the severity of summer drought. In general, germination speed was greater in locations with short, drought-limited growing seasons. Levels of geographic variation were highest in the region having the steepest precipitation gradients. Most of the variation occurred, however, within locations.

  19. Seasonal and cumulative loblolly pine development under two stand density and fertility levels through four growing seasons. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haywood, J.D.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) plantation was subjected to two cultural treatments to examine seasonal cumulative pine development in the 9th through 12th growing seasons: (1) pine stocking was either reduced by thinning to 303 trees per acre at a 12- by 12-ft spacing or the plots were left uncut with an original density of 1,210 trees per acre at a 6- by 6-ft spacing, and (2) either no fertilizer was applied or diammonium phosphate was broadcast at 134 lb of phosphorus and 120 lb of nitrogen per acre. Competing vegetation was controlled on all plots. Thinning resulted in less spring height growth in the 9th and 10th growing seasons that not cutting, but thinning increased diameter growth each year. Beginning in the 10th growing season, fertilization increased height, diameter, and basal area per acre growth, with the effect of fertilization on diameter growth being most pronounced on the thinned plots. Therefore, fertilization of thinned plots was more beneficial than thinning alone, and thinning alone resulted in less height and basal area per acre growth than the other treatment combinations for the 4-year period.

  20. Community Loblolly Pine Longleaf Pine D Mixed Pine/Hardwood

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingth Lomonosov Conference,Community LeadersD

  1. Impact of Screening on Behavior During Storage and Cost of Ground Small-Diameter Pine Trees: A Case Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erin Searcy; Brad D Blackwelder; Mark E Delwiche; Allison E Ray; Kevin L Kenney

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Whole comminuted trees are known to self-heat and undergo quality changes during storage. Trommel screening after grinding is a process that removes fines from the screened material and removes a large proportion of high-ash, high-nutrient material. In this study, the trade-off between an increase in preprocessing cost from trommel screening and an increase in quality of the screened material was examined. Fresh lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) was comminuted using a drum grinder with a 10-cm screen, and the resulting material was distributed into separate fines and overs piles. A third pile of unscreened material, the unsorted pile, was also examined. The three piles exhibited different characteristics during a 6-week storage period. The overs pile was much slower to heat. The overs pile reached a maximum temperature of 56.88 degrees C, which was lower than the maximum reached by the other two piles (65.98 degrees C and 63.48 degrees C for the unsorted and fines, respectively). The overs also cooled faster and dried to a more uniform moisture content and had a lower ash content than the other two piles. Both piles of sorted material exhibited improved airflow and more drying than the unsorted material. Looking at supply system costs from preprocessing through in-feed into thermochemical conversion, this study found that trommel screening reduced system costs by over $3.50 per dry matter ton and stabilized material during storage.

  2. Winter sowings produce 1-0 sugar pine planting stock in the Sierra Nevada. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkinson, J.L.; McCain, A.H.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Seed source and sowing date effects on first-year seedling growth and Fusarium root and collar rot of sugar pine were analyzed in two consecutive nursery tests at the Pacific Southwest Research Station's Institute of Forest Genetics, near Placerville in the western Sierra Nevada. The experimental design in both tests consisted of four replications of a randomized complete block of split-split plots, with sowing date split for disease treatment and seed source. Seed sources were natural stands at low, middle, and high elevations on the western slope of the northern Sierra Nevada. Seeds were soaked 36 hours in aerated water at 25 deg (77 deg F), chilled 90 days at 1 deg C (34 deg F), and sown in fumigated soil in February, March, April, and May. Treatment plots were drenched with fungicides just before sowing in the first test, and were inoculated with Fusarium oxysporum at time of sowing in the second test. Seedling emergence averaged 96 to 99 percent, regardless of sowing date.

  3. Concentrations of trace and other elements in the organs of wild rats and birds from the Northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapu, M.M.; Schaeffer, D.J. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana (United States)); Akanya, H.O. (Federal Univ. of Technology, Minna (Nigeria)); Ega, R.A.; Olofu, E.O.; Balarabe, M.L. (Ahmadu Bello Univ., Zaria (Nigeria)); Chafe, U.M. (Usmanu Danfodiyo Univ., Sokota (Nigeria))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In regions of human activities, where metal enter local aquatic ecosystems from the atmosphere and through wastewater outfalls, metal concentrations in food chains can exceed natural background levels and be above the threshold levels for sensitive species. Accordingly, metal levels in the organs and tissues of livestock and wildlife have been extensively studied. However, there are no reports of metal concentrations in the organs and tissues of wild animals from the Northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria. The mole rat (Africanthus niloticus, L) and village weaver bird (Ploceus cucullatus, L) contribute significantly to farm crop losses from sowing to harvest. Because there are no industries capable of causing metal contamination in the study area, the present study was undertaken to determine the natural baseline levels of metals for wild rats and birds from this environment.

  4. Pyrolysis of Woody Residue Feedstocks: Upgrading of Bio-Oils from Mountain-Pine-Beetle-Killed Trees and Hog Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zacher, Alan H.; Elliott, Douglas C.; Olarte, Mariefel V.; Santosa, Daniel M.; Preto, Fernando; Iisa, Kristiina

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Liquid transportation fuel blend-stocks were produced by pyrolysis and catalytic upgrading of woody residue biomass. Mountain pine beetle killed wood and hog fuel from a saw mill were pyrolyzed in a 1 kg/h fluidized bed reactor and subsequently upgraded to hydrocarbons in a continuous fixed bed hydrotreater. Upgrading was performed by catalytic hydrotreatment in a two-stage bed at 170C and 405C with a per bed LHSV between 0.17 and 0.19. The overall yields from biomass to upgraded fuel were similar for both feeds: 24-25% despite the differences in bio-oil (intermediate) mass yield. Pyrolysis bio-oil mass yield was 61% from MPBK wood, and subsequent upgrading of the bio-oil gave an average mass yield of 41% to liquid fuel blend stocks. Hydrogen was consumed at an average of 0.042g/g of bio-oil fed, with final oxygen content in the product fuel ranging from 0.31% to 1.58% over the course of the test. Comparatively for hog fuel, pyrolysis bio-oil mass yield was lower at 54% due to inorganics in the biomass, but subsequent upgrading of that bio-oil had an average mass yield of 45% to liquid fuel, resulting in a similar final mass yield to fuel compared to the cleaner MPBK wood. Hydrogen consumption for the hog fuel upgrading averaged 0.041 g/g of bio-oil fed, and the final oxygen content of the product fuel ranged from 0.09% to 2.4% over the run. While it was confirmed that inorganic laded biomass yields less bio-oil, this work demonstrated that the resultant bio-oil can be upgraded to hydrocarbons at a higher yield than bio-oil from clean wood. Thus the final hydrocarbon yield from clean or residue biomass pyrolysis/upgrading was similar.

  5. Basal area growth response to competition among improved families of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) in a 20-year-old row plot progeny trial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Joel Talbot

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    T. Sprinz Or. Michael G. Messina In two plantations, over two tsme intervals, tne average basal area growth of individual loblolly pine trees in a row plot progeny trial was modeled as a function of the Area Potentially Available (APA...) competition index, a crown pos1tion 1ndex, and the tree's basal area at the start of the interval. Hypothesis tests for differences in individual tree basal area growth response to competit1on amon9 genetically-1mproved families were performed. When...

  6. Spatial and temporal patterns of colonization and brood development of IPS avulsus (Eichh.) and I. Calligraphus (Germ.) (Coleoptera:scolytidae) in loblolly pine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flamm, Richard Owen

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    height . 2 Expected times of arrival (Days) of attacking I. au isus, I. ~cai1i a h s. a d D. f ontaiis Tn incnlvlZuaT trees Page 17 3 Expected times (days) of gallery construction by I. a i sue. i. ~col ii a h s, a d D. fro taiis in individual trees.... ) and mixed hardwood species. Four adjacent plots of 3 pine trees each were designated for this study. Average tree height of the sample trees was 21. 4 m (S. D. = Z. 3 m) and average tree diameter at 2 m was Z5. 9 m (S. O. = 2. 8 m). Bark beetle attack...

  7. MERCHOP (Merchandising Optimizer): A dynamic programming model for estimating the harvest value of unthinned loblolly and slash pine plantations. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busby, R.L.; Ward, K.B.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A model was devised to estimate the harvest value of unthinned loblolly and slash pine (pinus taeda L. and P. elliottii var. elliottii Englm.) plantations in the west gulf region. The model, MERCHOP, can be used to forecast product volumes and values; the output provided is partitioned into 1-inch tree d.b.h. classes. Using a dynamic programming algorithm, MERCHOP can be used to convert stand tables predicted by USLYCOWG's three-parameter Weibull function into a listing of seven products that maximizes the selling value of the stand, assuming the assumptions used in the analysis are correct.

  8. Proceedings of the 17th Central Hardwood Forest Conference GTR-NRS-P-78 (2011) 658 White pine (Pinus strobus L.) is one of the most important timber trees in the northeastern United States and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for wind breaks and erosion control and as an ornamental. Unusual mortality of bare-root seedlings of white throughout the state. There are numerous possible explanations for white pine seedling mortality which may all influence seedling mortality after planting (Venator 1985). Also, extreme weather conditions after

  9. Ropizine concurrently enhances and inhibits ( sup 3 H) dextromethorpan binding to different structures of the guinea pig brain: Autoradiographic evidence for multiple binding sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Canoll, P.D.; Smith, P.R.; and Musacchio, J.M. (N.Y.U. Medical Center, New York (USA))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ropizine produces a simultaneous enhancement and inhibition of ({sup 3}H) dextromethorphan (DM) high-affinity binding to different areas of the guinea pig brain. These results imply that there are two distinct types of high-affinity ({sup 3}H)DM binding sites, which are present in variable proportions in different brain structures. The ropizine-enhances ({sup 3}H)DM binding type was preferentially inhibited by (+)-pentazocine. This is consistent with the presumption that the (+)-pentazocine-sensitive site is identical with the common site for DM and 3-(-3-Hydroxphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine ((+)-3-PPP). The second binding type, which is inhibited by ropizine and is not so sensitive to (+){minus} pentazocine, has not been fully characterized. This study demonstrates that the biphasic effects to ropizine are due, at least in part, to the effects of ropizine on two different types of ({sup 3}H)DM binding sites. However, this study does not rule out that the common DM/(+)-3-PPP site also might be inhibited by higher concentrations of ropizine.

  10. Community Loblolly Pine Longleaf Pine Slash Pine D Mixed Pine/Hardwood

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingth Lomonosov Conference,Community LeadersD_

  11. Results of the radiological survey at the former ALCOA New Kensington Works, Pine and Ninth Streets, New Kensington, Pennsylvania (ANK002)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a team from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducted a radiological survey at the former ALCOA New Kensington Works, Pine and Ninth Streets, New Kensington, Pennsylvania. The survey was performed on November 12, 1991. The purpose of the survey was to determine whether the property was contaminated with radioactive residues, principally, as a result of work done for the Manhattan Engineer District in 1944. The survey included a gamma scan of three bays inside Building 18; measurement of direct alpha and beta-gamma levels in the same area; and collection of a dust sample for radionuclide analysis from the center of each bay. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations or radiation measurements in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program guidelines for uranium. The radionuclide distributions were not significantly different from typical background levels in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area.

  12. Hydrothermal Liquefaction Oil and Hydrotreated Product from Pine Feedstock Characterized by Heteronuclear Two-Dimensional NMR Spectroscopy and FT-ICR Mass Spectrometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sudasinghe, Nilusha; Cort, John R.; Hallen, Richard T.; Olarte, Mariefel V.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Schaub, Tanner

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) crude oil and hydrotreated product from pine tree farm waste (forest product residual, FPR) have been analyzed by direct infusion electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (ESI FT-ICR MS) in both positive- and negative-ionization modes and high-resolution twodimensional heteronuclear 1H-13C NMR spectroscopy. FT-ICR MS resolves thousands of compounds in complex oils and provides unparalleled compositional details for individual molecules for identification of compound class (heteroatom content), type (number of rings plus double bonds to carbon or double bond equivalents (DBE) and carbon number (degree of alkylation). Heteronuclear 1H-13C NMR spectroscopy provides one-bond and multiple-bond correlations between pairs of 1H and 13C chemical shifts that are characteristic of different organic functional groups. Taken together this information provides a picture of the chemical composition of these oils. Pyrolysis crude oil product from pine wood was characterized for comparison. Generally, pyrolysis oil is comprised of a more diverse distribution of heteroatom classes with higher oxygen number relative to HTL oil as shown by both positive- and negative-ion ESI FT-ICR MS. A total of 300 N1, 594 O1 and 267 O2 compounds were observed as products of hydrotreatment. The relative abundance of N1O1, N1O2, N1O3, N2, N2O1, N2O2 and O3 compounds are reduced to different degrees after hydrotreatment and other higher heteroatom containing species (O4-O10, N1O4, N1O5 and N2O3) are completely removed by hydrotreatment.

  13. Autoradiographic localization of sigma receptor binding sites in guinea pig and rat central nervous system with (+)3H-3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gundlach, A.L.; Largent, B.L.; Snyder, S.H.

    1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (+)3H-3-PPP ((+)3H-3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)-piperidine) binds with high affinity to brain membranes with a pharmacological profile consistent with that of sigma receptors. The distribution of (+)3H-3-PPP binding sites in brain and spinal cord of both guinea pig and rat has been determined by in vitro autoradiography with binding densities quantitated by computer-assisted densitometry. (+)3H-3-PPP binding to slide-mounted brain sections is saturable and displays high affinity and a pharmacological specificity very similar to sites labeled in homogenates. (+)3H-3-PPP binding sites are heterogeneously distributed. Highest concentrations of binding sites occur in spinal cord, particularly the ventral horn and dorsal root ganglia; the pons-medulla, associated with the cranial nerve and pontine nuclei and throughout the brain stem reticular formation; the cerebellum, over the Purkinje cell layer; the midbrain, particularly the central gray and red nucleus; and hippocampus, over the pyramidal cell layer. Lowest levels are seen in the basal ganglia and parts of the thalamus, while all other areas, including hypothalamus and cerebral cortex, exhibit moderate grain densities. Quinolinic acid-induced lesions of the hippocampus indicate that (+)3H-3-PPP labels hippocampal pyramidal cells and granule cells in the dentate gyrus. Intrastriatal injection of ibotenic acid dramatically reduces (+)3H-3-PPP binding in this area, while injection of 6-hydroxydopamine produces a relatively slight decrease. The distribution of (+)3H-3-PPP binding sites does not correlate with the receptor distribution of any recognized neurotransmitter or neuropeptide, including dopamine. However, there is a notable similarity between the distribution of (+)3H-3-PPP sites and high-affinity binding sites for psychotomimetic opioids, such as the benzomorphan (+)SKF 10,047.

  14. The relationship of soil-site factors to total height and yield of twenty-five year-old loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) planted on deep, sandy soils in East Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hessler, Richard Orville

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , can have a dra- matic effect on volume growth (Mann and Dell 1971). Advances in tree improvement, harvesting systems, and utilization have overshadowed and perhaps led to the de-emphasis of growth and yield studies (Farrar 1979). The effect of soil-site... was determined to increase with greater moisture storage capacity and permeability of the 8 horizon (Willett 1978). Studies in southern Arkansas, northern Louisiana, and southeast Texas indicated that site index of loblolly pine increased as the A horizon...

  15. Testimonials - Partnerships in LED Lighting - Philips Lumileds...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    lighting systems, followed by a computer screen with data, followed by a man wearing a blue lab coat and face mask is entering data in a computer in a laboratory. DOE has helped...

  16. Prof. Philip Koopman Carnegie Mellon University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koopman, Philip

    with built-in Web browsers · Car computers that phone for help when an airbag deploys · Thermostat that sends

  17. NREL: Biomass Research - Philip T. Pienkos

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    25 years in the biotech industry. Although his primary focus at NREL is on algal biofuels, he is also active in efforts to produce hydrocarbon fuels from sugars, lignin, and...

  18. Irreproducible Musings on Reproducibility Philip B. Stark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , gitlabhq, gitannex assistant Python + IPython + Numpy + Scipy + Matplotlib + Pandas + Cython + other

  19. Philip Mouser Graduate, Risk Management Certificate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokolowski, Marla

    for International Professionals (Advanced) Please see page 31. Business Information Technology Management Please 45. Mobile Business Technologies and Applications Please see page 40. #12;L E A R N . U T O R O NPhilip Mouser Graduate, Risk Management Certificate "All of the instructors are industry experts

  20. Using the exam document class Philip Hirschhorn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mintmire, John W.

    4 3 The documentclass command 4 4 Asking.2.9 Custom question number lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .* * . . . . 20 5.2.10Adding.6.2 Using the standard sectioning commands . . . . . . . . . . . . .* * . . . 28 5.7 Leaving space

  1. Phenomenology of Supersymmetric James Philip John Hetherington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    with previous studies, but the electric dipole moments are found to get large contributions from the light Higgs boson, which is no longer a CP eigenstate. This e#11;ect occurs only when the Higgs mass is in violation

  2. Philips Lumileds Lighting Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCNInformationLumileds Lighting Co Jump to:

  3. Philips Color Kinetics | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroupPerfectenergy International Limited

  4. Testimonials - Partnerships in LED Lighting - Philips Lumileds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening a solidSynthesis of 2D AlloysTrailsANDDepartment of

  5. Daylight in Guinea-Bissau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Hiram

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MYLIGfi Iii GJUA-BISSAU by HIRAM HALL daylightdaylight of dawning dextrose of my goad the rapidsdreams of~ soul. daylight daylight of my dawning may i wrap

  6. Characterization of vegetation properties: Canopy modeling of pinyon-juniper and ponderosa pine woodlands; Final report. Modeling topographic influences on solar radiation: A manual for the SOLARFLUX model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rich, P.M.; Hetrick, W.A.; Saving, S.C.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is comprised of two studies. The first study focuses on plant canopies in pinyon-juniper woodland, ponderosa pine woodland, and waste sites at Los Alamos National Laboratory which involved five basic areas of research: (1) application of hemispherical photography and other gap fraction techniques to study solar radiation regimes and canopy architecture, coupled with application of time-domain reflectometry to study soil moisture; (2) detailed characterization of canopy architecture using stand mapping and allometry; (3) development of an integrated geographical information system (GIS) database for relating canopy architecture with ecological, hydrological, and system modeling approaches; (4) development of geometric models that simulate complex sky obstruction, incoming solar radiation for complex topographic surfaces, and the coupling of incoming solar radiation with energy and water balance, with simulations of incoming solar radiation for selected native vegetation and experimental waste cover design sites; and (5) evaluation of the strengths and limitations of the various field sampling techniques. The second study describes an approach to develop software that takes advantage of new generation computers to model insolation on complex topographic surfaces. SOLARFLUX is a GIS-based (ARC/INFO, GRID) computer program that models incoming solar radiation based on surface orientation (slope and aspect), solar angle (azimuth and zenith) as it shifts over time, shadows caused by topographic features, and atmospheric conditions. This manual serves as the comprehensive guide to SOLARFLUX. Included are discussions on modelling insolation on complex surfaces, the theoretical approach, program setup and operation, and a set of applications illustrating characteristics of topographic insolation modelling.

  7. Torrey Pine and Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berger, Wolfgang H

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    San Diego, Ca. , 98pp. Peltier, W.R. , and R.G. Fairbanks,24,000 years according to Peltier and Fairbanks, 2006 (black

  8. Torrey Pine and Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berger, Wolfgang H

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and for upwelling of cold water along the shore (leftsources in the coastal waters of the California Current. Theacross the cold strip of water resulting from upwelling.

  9. Pine-fresh Particles | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Particles Released: February 01, 2011 Slow Evaporation May Account for "Missing" Aerosols A long, frustrating search for the source of "extra" aerosols seen in field...

  10. EUREKA WHITE PINE LYONCARSON CITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tingley, Joseph V.

    DOUGLAS STOREY ESMERALDA 1 3 2 Geologic Mapping Digital 0 0 20 40 60 80 kilometers North 20 40 60 miles 1

  11. Idaho_LonePinePeak

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School footballHydrogenIT |Hot Springs Site #0104 Latitude:Peak Site

  12. Idaho_LonePineRidge

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School footballHydrogenIT |Hot Springs Site #0104 Latitude:Peak

  13. Environmental baseline survey report for West Black Oak Ridge, East Black Oak Ridge, McKinney Ridge, West Pine Ridge and parcel 21D in the vicinity of the East Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, David A. [Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Independent Environmental Assessment and Verification Program

    2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This environmental baseline survey (EBS) report documents the baseline environmental conditions of five land parcels located near the U.S. Department of Energy?s (DOE?s) East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP), including West Black Oak Ridge, East Black Oak Ridge, McKinney Ridge, West Pine Ridge, and Parcel 21d. Preparation of this report included the detailed search of federal government records, title documents, aerial photos that may reflect prior uses, and visual inspections of the property and adjacent properties. Interviews with current employees involved in, or familiar with, operations on the real property were also conducted to identify any areas on the property where hazardous substances and petroleum products, or their derivatives, and acutely hazardous wastes may have been released or disposed. In addition, a search was made of reasonably obtainable federal, state, and local government records of each adjacent facility where there has been a release of any hazardous substance or any petroleum product or their derivatives, including aviation fuel and motor oil, and which is likely to cause or contribute to a release of any hazardous substance or any petroleum product or its derivatives, including aviation fuel or motor oil, on the real property. A radiological survey and soil/sediment sampling was conducted to assess baseline conditions of Parcel 21d that were not addressed by the soils-only no-further-investigation (NFI) reports. Groundwater sampling was also conducted to support a Parcel 21d decision. Based on available data West Black Oak Ridge, East Black Oak Ridge, McKinney Ridge, and West Pine Ridge are not impacted by site operations and are not subject to actions per the Federal Facility Agreement (FFA). This determination is supported by visual inspections, records searches and interviews, groundwater conceptual modeling, approved NFI reports, analytical data, and risk analysis results. Parcel 21d data, however, demonstrate impacts from site operations, specifically as associated with lead in surface soil at the abandoned water tank and nickel in surface soils over the northern portion of the parcel from former Bldg. K-1037 smelting operations. Low level detections of organics are also reported in some surface soils including Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) near Blair Road and common laboratory contaminants at randomly distributed locations. However, human health risk from site-related contaminants of potential concern (COPCs) are acceptable?though maximum concentrations of lead and nickel and the screening-level ecological risk assessment (SLERA) demonstrate no further ecological evaluation is warranted. The weight of evidence leads to the conclusion Parcel 21d does not require any actions per the FFA.

  14. ENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE SURVEY REPORT FOR WEST BLACK OAK RIDGE, EAST BLACK OAK RIDGE, MCKINNEY RIDGE, WEST PINE RIDGE, AND PARCEL 21D IN THE VICINITY OF THE EAST TENNESSEE TECHNOLOGY PARK, OAK RIDGE, TENNESSEE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David A. King

    2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This environmental baseline survey (EBS) report documents the baseline environmental conditions of five land parcels located near the U.S. Department of Energys (DOEs) East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP), including West Black Oak Ridge, East Black Oak Ridge, McKinney Ridge, West Pine Ridge, and Parcel 21d. The goal is to obtain all media no-further-investigation (NFI) determinations for the subject parcels considering existing soils. To augment the existing soils-only NFI determinations, samples of groundwater, surface water, soil, and sediment were collected to support all media NFI decisions. The only updates presented here are those that were made after the original issuance of the NFI documents. In the subject parcel where the soils NFI determination was not completed for approval (Parcel 21d), the full process has been performed to address the soils as well. Preparation of this report included the detailed search of federal government records, title documents, aerial photos that may reflect prior uses, and visual inspections of the property and adjacent properties. Interviews with current employees involved in, or familiar with, operations on the real property were also conducted to identify any areas on the property where hazardous substances and petroleum products, or their derivatives, and acutely hazardous wastes may have been released or disposed. In addition, a search was made of reasonably obtainable federal, state, and local government records of each adjacent facility where there has been a release of any hazardous substance or any petroleum product or their derivatives, including aviation fuel and motor oil, and which is likely to cause or contribute to a release of any hazardous substance or any petroleum product or its derivatives, including aviation fuel or motor oil, on the real property. A radiological survey and soil/sediment sampling was conducted to assess baseline conditions of Parcel 21d that were not addressed by the soils-only NFI reports. Groundwater sampling was also conducted to support a Parcel 21d decision.

  15. Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJumpEnergy InformationGrupo

  16. Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJumpEnergy InformationGrupo(Redirected from ECOWAS

  17. Equatorial Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision|LLC

  18. A located lambda calculus Ezra elias kilty Cooper Philip Wadler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadler, Philip

    language on top of a stateless server model. Our technique involves three essential transformations: defunc- tionalization `a la Reynolds, CPS transformation, and a "trampo- line" that allows tunnelling server restriction. In particular, the current, limited version re- quires just a CPS translation and a trampoline

  19. EERE Partner Testimonials - Sunil Thomas, Philips Lumileds Lighting...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lighting systems, followed by a computer screen with data, followed by a man wearing a blue lab coat and face mask is entering data in a computer in a laboratory. DOE has helped...

  20. 1 Bocchino Resume Gregory Philip Bocchino, Ed.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    of APEX Degree Planner and SAP/Student Life Cycle Management System, reporting, updates, and exceptions: Microsoft Office, BlackBoard, Live Text, SLCM, SAP, APEX Education: Doctor of Education, Counseling University, FL, 2009 LGBT Safe Zone Project Training, KY, 2008 CPP, Inc. Myers Briggs Type Indicator

  1. RESEARCH ARTICLE Heather T. Porter Philip J. Motta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motta, Philip J.

    . These ram-feeding piscivores are morphologically similar with fusiform bodies, posteri- orly placed dorsal and anal fins, and large, conical teeth. Strike and prey capture kinematics for five individuals of each such as esocids, some sharks, and aquatic tetrapods such as turtles (Lauder and Prendergast 1992; Sanderson et al

  2. Adaptive Load Forecasting Philip Anton de Saint-Aubain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mathematical models for the heat load. Based on district heating consumption data from four houses in a small taken is to reveal the details in the heating consumption in resi- dential houses by developing the heating signals into different components. One of the models is able to split the overall consumption

  3. Eurographics Symposium on Rendering (2005) Kavita Bala, Philip Dutr (Editors)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Reynold J.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , lighting a scene for good photography is still difficult, and practical methods to achieve good lighting solve by making succes- sive approximations guided by years of experience. For non- experts, good studio Lighting for Practical Digital Photography Ankit Mohan1, Jack Tumblin1, Bobby Bodenheimer2, Cindy Grimm3

  4. Department of Energy Announces Philips Lighting North America...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Product Delivers on Department's Challenge to Replace Common Light Bulb with Energy-Saving Lighting Alternative Washington, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy today...

  5. Multiparameter Controllers Henrik Madsen, Pierre-Julien Trombe, Philip Delff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.4 Electricity consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.5 District Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3.1.1 Heat and cooling demands and electricity consumption 17 3.1.2 Temperature variation

  6. The moral content in the dramas of Philip Massinger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krienke, Marion Douglas

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and ignorant detractors desex've x'ather contempt, than satisfaction. (IX, p. 329)7 4Koeppel, VX, 162- 5Koeppel, VI, 166. 6Koeppel, VX, 166. 411 citations from Nassinger are to The ~pl roof Phili Y ssi er, ed. W. Gifford (London, llll'). Quotations rom... The active virtue is: but does that fire The blood, or swell the veins with emulation, To be both good and great. , equal to that, Which is presented on our theatresy (l. iii, pp. 3I. S-3A6) These words recall the remarks of Cleora in The Bondman...

  7. A Hex Handicap Strategy Philip Henderson, Ryan B. Hayward

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayward, Ryan B.

    .Wang: "We2.0 Dictionary", Proc. of ACM International Conference on Image and Video Retrieval (CIVR), p.591

  8. The Comic Bildungsroman: Evelyn Waugh, Samuel Beckett, and Philip Roth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seidel, Matthew David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mature descendents. Balzacs Lucien Chardon, for example,to his provincial town; Lucien de Rubempr stuffs himselfBovarys hat, and unlike Luciens green suit, which is so

  9. David Philip Ahlfeld Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    , "Investigating the Potential for Ongoing Pollution from an Abandoned Pyrite Mine", Mine Water and the Environment, J.E. Tobiason, "Three Dimensional Modeling for Estimation of Hydraulic Retention Time in a Reservoir

  10. Imperative functional programming Simon L Peyton Jones Philip Wadler \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadler, Philip

    : fitting action into the functional paradigm feels like fitting a square block into a round hole. Closely implementation is efficient enough that we can define monolithic Haskell array operations in terms of incremental

  11. A Vision for Management of Complex Models Philip A. Bernstein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pottinger, Rachel

    of these functions will follow the usual evolution from com- ponents, to middleware, to integrated system. That is, they could be implemented initially as a library of reusable components, on top of a DBMS. If successful as an extensible framework separate from the DBMS, and eventually as an integrated part of the DBMS. The second

  12. Host life history responses to parasitism Philip Agnewa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -specific growth, reproduction and survival [1, 2]. Life history theory aims to understand how these traits, reproduction and survival. These effects are often not immediate, but increase with time since infection and survival. This review illustrates this argument with several empirical studies showing hosts behaving

  13. Philip Schaffner & Jason Junge Minnesota Department of Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Jun-05 Jun-06 Jun-07 Jun-08 Jun-09 Avg. Retail Price of Regular Gasoline in Minnesota Annual Minnesota% Revenues from sale of gasoline only Excludes revenues from diesel and other fuels Fleet Grows at 0.8% due% Electric vehicle adoption rate increases annually before leveling at 100% Revenues from sale of gasoline

  14. GEOLOGY FORUM, March 2012 e255 Philip D. Gingerich1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Shanan E.

    Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency, Wadi Al-Hitan World Heritage Site, Fayum, Egypt 3 Department of Geoscience, University of WisconsinMadison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA Wadi Al-Hitan is a UNESCO World of the Priabonian from two places: Wadi Al-Hitan and Qasr el-Sagha. Their section at Wadi Al-Hitan did not extend

  15. PhiliP J. Venables Chief Information Risk Officer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aronov, Boris

    information security and software engineering roles at various finance, defense and energy companies. PhilPhiliP J. Venables Chief Information Risk Officer Goldman sachs Phil is the firm's Chief Information Risk Officer. He leads the Information Security, Technology Risk and Business Continuity Programs

  16. Transportation CPS Safety Challenges Philip Koopman Michael Wagner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koopman, Philip

    in the context of normal human experience. In more everyday units, a 10-9 /hr failure rate is one 1 Permissible. To that end, transportation systems typically have an allowable catastrophic failure rate in the neighborhood a mishap involving the death of many people (e.g., airplane crash with hull loss; major train derailment

  17. Beth Latronico, Philip Koopman Robust Self-configuring Embedded Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koopman, Philip

    hold? - How can we improve the protocol design? - Physical units: # Processors, # Channels (star, bus) - Fault parameters: Fault types, Fault arrival rates - Message traffic: Round length, Frame size, Bandwidth - Design parameters: Diagnosis rate, Recovery time viable design space policy tradeoffs Group

  18. Philip E. Bourne is a Professor of Pharmacology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bourne, Philip E.

    interests include bioinformatics, computational biology and ontology management. Helen M. Berman is a Board interests include structural biology and bioinformatics, with a special focus on proteinnucleic acid at SDSC, and a Co-Director of the PDB. His research interests focus on structural bioinformatics and high

  19. Philips: Noncompliance Determination (2014-SE-48006) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHA Administrative Judgea. Part B 1 PartMarketInvestmentMarch 26,

  20. Philips: Order (2014-SE-48006) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHA Administrative Judgea. Part B 1 PartMarketInvestmentMarch

  1. Philips: Proposed Penalty (2014-SE-48006) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHA Administrative Judgea. Part B 1 PartMarketInvestmentMarchMarch

  2. TOMORROW: Department of Energy to Announce Philips Lighting North America

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssues DOE'sSummaryDepartmentEnergyon MetalTO:9onWins L Prize

  3. Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy Resources JumpPfhotonika Jump to:

  4. Bradbury Science Museum hosts talk March 15 by Philip Taubman

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWPSuccess Stories Site MapSolarAboutTaubman Bradbury Musuem talk

  5. Reconstructing Scotlands pine forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Thomas P.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Caledonian pinewoods are a habitat of crucial environmental and cultural importance, and the sole home of many rare species. However, they have seen steady decline in recent centuries, through the establishment of ...

  6. Recovery Plan Scots Pine Blister Rust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Monitoring and Detection 7 V. Response 8 VI. USDA Pathogens Permits 9 VII. Economic Impact and Compensation Recovery System (NPDRS) called for in Homeland Security Presidential Directive Number 9 (HSPD-9

  7. Human Impacts in Pine Forests: Past, Present,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . These changes are occurring against a backdrop of natural and anthropogenically driven climate change. We review human pressure. The immense scale of impacts and the complex synergies between agents of change calls hominids first encountered these trees in the Mediterranean Basin about a million years ago. Ancient Greeks

  8. Pine Mountain Builders | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pillar GroupPinal

  9. Pine Ridge Job Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pillar GroupPinalClub,Job Corp

  10. Pine Tree Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pillar GroupPinalClub,JobWind

  11. Pinyon Pines I | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to: navigation, search Name: PillarPinnacle Wind FarmPinyon

  12. Pinyon Pines II | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to: navigation, search Name: PillarPinnacle Wind FarmPinyonII

  13. Auriacusite, Fe[superscript 3+]Cu[superscript 2+]AsO[subscript 4]O, the first M[superscript 3+] member of the olivenite group, from the Black Pine mine, Montana, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, Stuart J.; Kampf, Anthony R.; Poirier, Glenn; Raudsepp, Mati; Steele, Ian M. (CMN); (NHM-LA); (UC); (UBC)

    2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Auriacusite, ideally Fe{sup 3+}Cu{sup 2+}AsO{sub 4}O, is a new arsenate mineral (IMA2009-037) and the Fe{sup 3+} analogue of olivenite, from the Black Pine mine, 14.5 km NW of Philipsburg, Granite Co., Montana, USA. It occurs lining quartz vughs and coating quartz crystals and is associated with segnitite, brochantite, malachite, tetrahedrite and pyrite. Auriacusite forms fibrous crystals up to about 5 {micro}m in width and up to about 100 {micro}m in length, which are intergrown to form fibrous mats. Individual crystals are a brownish golden yellow, whilst the fibrous mats are ochreous yellow. The crystals have a silky lustre and a brownish yellow streak. Mohs hardness is about 3 (estimated). The fracture is irregular and the tenacity is brittle. Auriacusite crystals are biaxial (+), with {alpha} = 1.830(5), {beta} = 1.865(5) and {gamma} = 1.910(5), measured using white light, and with 2V{sub meas.} = 83(3){sup o} and 2V{sub calc.} = 84.6{sup o}. Orientation: X = a, Y = c, Z = b. Crystals are nonpleochroic or too weakly so to be observed. The empirical formula (based on 5 O atoms) is (Fe{sub 1.33}{sup 3+}Cu{sub 0.85}Zn{sub 0.03}){sub {Sigma}2.21}(As{sub 0.51}Sb{sub 0.27}Si{sub 0.04}S{sub 0.02}Te{sub 0.01}){sub {Sigma}0.85}O{sub 5}. Auriacusite is orthorhombic, space group Pnnm, a = 8.6235(7), b = 8.2757(7), c = 5.9501(5) {angstrom}, V = 424.63(6) {angstrom}{sup 3}, Z = 4. The five strongest lines in the powder X-ray diffraction pattern are [d{sub obs} in {angstrom}/(I)/hkl]: 4.884/(100)/101, 001; 2.991/(92)/220; 2.476/(85)/311; 2.416/(83)/022; 2.669/(74)/221. The crystal structure was solved from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data utilising synchrotron radiation and refined to R{sub 1} = 0.1010 on the basis of 951 unique reflections with F {alpha} > 4{sigma}F. Auriacusite is identified as a member of the olivenite group with Fe{sup 3+} replacing Zn{sup 2+} or Cu{sup 2+} in trigonal bipyramidal coordination. Evidence suggests that auriacusite is an intermediate member between olivenite and an as yet undescribed Fe{sup 3+}Fe{sup 3+}-dominant member. The name is derived from the Latin auri (golden yellow) and acus (needle), in reference to its colour and crystal morphology.

  14. Highlights from ThreeHighlights from Three Decades of Loblolly PineDecades of Loblolly Pine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne''s Flying Services Flying Service Smurfit CartSmurfit Cartóón de Venezuelan de Venezuela Synagro

  15. U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  16. Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJumpEnergy InformationGrupo

  17. U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayNov-14 Dec-14 Jan-155-2015

  18. Papua New Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump2011) |PanasonicPapaloteEnergyPapua

  19. Papua New Guinea Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, NewPalisades Park,Panthersville, Georgia:Paper

  20. Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open Energy InformationGettopGuilford, Maine: Energy

  1. Guinea-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open Energy InformationGettopGuilford, Maine: EnergyForestry,

  2. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary IcelandGuinea Papua New Guinea Haiti Mozambique Pakistan AppendixSierra Leone Bhutan Chad Haiti Ethiopia Niger Somalia

  3. A review of "Henry Vaughans Silex Scintillans: Scripture Uses." by Philip West

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alan Rudrum

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    West does not engage. In his introductory chapter West asserts that his critical reori- entation is not in conflict with other approaches, in particular ?the long tradition of attention to Vaughan?s alchemical and hermetic imagery? (5). However, he... is the only text which Vaughan decided to revise for the 1655 edition of Silex, suggesting that he continued to value and want to perfect it? (53- 54). He goes on to say that Vaughan ?requested? that ?Isaacs Mar- riage? be reset with alterations, adding in a...

  4. Ride-through for Autonomous Vehicles Aaron Kane and Philip Koopman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    that the usual approach of a This research was funded in part by General Motors through the GM-Carnegie Mellon of a property at which the system is no longer safe is its safety limit (e.g., a safety limit on the engine of 7500rpm might be set because the engine cannot operate above that speed without violent failure

  5. Thomas G. Kurtz, Mathematics Philip O'Leary, Engineering Professional Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    and risk management of hazardous technologies. Her work has included applications to nuclear power safety and agriculture industries. The Center's advisory board provides strategic advice on current and future research, defense, chemical, medical, and food and agriculture industries. Shown here is the air traffic control

  6. Constructing Confidence Regions of Optimal Expected Size Chad M. Schafer and Philip B. Stark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    contract W-7405-Eng-48. The authors thank the referees for many helpful comments. 1 #12;1 Introduction

  7. MAPPING HVAC SYSTEMS FOR SIMULATION IN Author(s), Mangesh Basarkar, James O'Donnell, Philip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, 94720 U.S.A. ABSTRACT For building energy simulation required by the whole building energy simulation tool EnergyPlus. This paper describes each stage energy simulation models are difficult to create and modify (See et al., 2011). Building geometry

  8. Source apportionment of time-and size-resolved ambient particulate matter , Philip K. Hopke b,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navasca, Carmeliza

    , analyses of particle size distribution data have also been performed to identify air pollution sources of Mathematics, Clarkson University, Box 5815, Potsdam, NY 13699, USA b Center for Air Resource Engineering and Science, Clarkson University, Box 5708, Potsdam, NY 13699, USA c Air Quality Research Center, University

  9. A Holistic Approach to Service Survivability Angelos D. Keromytis Janak Parekh Philip N. Gross Gail Kaiser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    federal, state, and city agencies) and (semi­) roaming stations and users. Sim­ ilarly, timely message of Computer Science y Department of Electrical Engineering Columbia University fangelos,janak

  10. Next-Gen Voting Systems for the 99% Philip B. Stark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stark, Philip B.

    anything essential to cast votes on election day: Usability of equipment and ballots, reliability of BMDs--current systems not) #12;Pre-election tests of equipment or post-election validation of outcomes? Need to test, etc. (Much less to test for voter-marked paper!) Q1: Performance of new equipment in ideal bench

  11. Energy Dumpster Diving Maria A. Kazandjieva, Brandon Heller, Philip Levis, Christos Kozyrakis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levis, Philip

    -scale distributed sensing in- frastructure that provides per-device energy and us- age statistics in an office-building. Utilization information correlated with power consumption can reveal system designs that are not energy-proportional, and have examined network switch energy-proportionality. The rest of this paper dives into more details

  12. LOUIS J. RONSIVALLI, JOHN D. KAYLOR PHILIP J. McKAY, and CARMINE GORGA '

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    undertook a pilot collaborati ve ef- fort with one seafood processor and six supermarkets from three different chains to explore the effect of assured seafood quality on sales. The pilot study, which lasted 2 Committee and about $10 000 ~n in-kind services (use of pro~ess mg plant, retai I outlets, personnel

  13. The University of Texas at Arlington College of Nursing Equivalency Chart for: St. Philips College

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Haiying

    Course Name SPC Course Number SPC Course Name BIOL 2457 Human Anatomy and Physiology I BIOL 2401 Human/or POLS 2312 only if both courses were taken at SPC. If both courses were not taken at SPC contact a UTA

  14. Changes in Jupiter's Great Red Spot (19792006) and Oval BA (20002006) Sushil Shetty *, Philip S. Marcus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcus, Philip S.

    the magnitude of the PV anomaly of the Oval BA changed from 2000, when its cloud cover was white, to 2006, when its cloud cover was red. The best-fit results also show that the areas of the PV anomalies of the GRS and of the Oval BA are smaller than the areas of their corresponding cloud covers at all times. Using the best

  15. Non-Interest Income Activities and Bank Lending Pejman Abedifar*, Philip Molyneuxc, Amine Tarazi*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ; Demirguc-Kunt and Huizinga, 2010; Moshirian et al., 2011; Brunnermeier et al., 2011; and DeYoung and Torna

  16. A review of "Milton's Scriptural Reasoning: Narrative and Protestant Toleration" by Philip J. Donnelly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulryan, John

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as evidence, as in the following statement: ?If we consider some of the key points in Paradise Regained at which Milton dilates the biblical narrative, we can under- stand why the poem does not explicitly invoke ?charity,? but instead implies that the Son... embodies the unity between ontic charity (love that he shares with the Father) and ethical charity? (193). Donnelly traces his theme through selections from Milton?s prose, Paradise Lost, Paradise Regained, and Samson Agonistes. According to Donnelly...

  17. Effective Distribution Policies Utilizing Logistics Contracting Hyun-Soo Ahn Osman Engin Alper Philip Kaminsky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Philip M.

    Effective Distribution Policies Utilizing Logistics Contracting Hyun-Soo Ahn Osman Engin Alper@ieor.berkeley.edu kaminsky@ieor.berkeley.edu Logistics outsourcing is becoming a more widely utilized practice across many of a production- distribution system with stochastic demand and logistics outsourcing. For our initial

  18. Shifts in ENSO coupling processes under global warming Sjoukje Philip1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haak, Hein

    state of the Pacific Ocean between the current climate and a high CO2 climate. Next, shifts in ENSO warming may shift the properties and dynamics of El Nin~o. We study the shifts in ENSO couplings in IPCC couplings between sea surface temperature (SST), thermocline depth and wind stress are discussed. Although

  19. A review of "Milton's Scriptural Reasoning: Narrative and Protestant Toleration" by Philip J. Donnelly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulryan, John

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Miltonic De Doctrina Christiana: that his own words would be glossed by the biblical text, rather than vice versa? (1). Such extravagant claims can only discourage readers from taking on the now-monumental task of making sense of Paradise Lost. In sum... reviews 9 tury and their complicity with the orientalist and racist ideologies that supported England?s emerging global empire? (80). If the feminist orientalist dichotomy between Turkish women?s ?natural? slavery and the English woman?s...

  20. Grand Junction Office Founder Honored at the Philip C. Leahy Memorial Park

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P. D'Agostino,Glen Wattman - Director,Dedication and Open House

  1. LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, March 7, 2012-Former New York Times reporter Philip

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9 5 - -/e),,s - 16, 2011 LOSsmallhosts talk March

  2. Department of Energy Announces Philips Lighting North America as Winner of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you0andEnergyGlobal Nuclear EnergySouth CarolinaJob Training |L Prize

  3. OSTIblog Posts by Philip Ellis | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilAElectronicCurvesSpeeding accessSpeedingScientificScientificScientific and

  4. A. Philip Bray, 1976 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruaryOctober 2,generationPhysicsA2 September 9 -A.

  5. Dr Philip A Wilk | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurTheBrookhaven National LaboratoryJeffrey L Krause Chemical

  6. Repellents to prevent cattle browsing of pine seedlings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duncan, Don Arlen

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tm ZzaA ssA Zqyaywm. c". pqZ gso~qv ~ 'ZBTTsq=om qsmqsu 'BuTTfmzq zus Buys?ozq syqqev usqq usqqo eaeuss moTg sBomsTr Buy~aaB syqqso Zq pseuss sar~ cq. oqd: &~ssqo uo Zqyqs~~crz s~? ~o fiqTuopem sqq. puc 'eBuyqTsae Bssp go aBsquoozacT q. eaqDyu sctq...~ygi Zq paBccrsp azar' ppo~l; go sBv~aso r Zquo ~~~ cueqaoB qaz~ooB Zq;;aZozqgap ossa sax~ Bus eq. qqqaz Zq - zo uaqqyq a&as eBuZTSase or q. ZBuqe stqq go ssznoa sqq Buymg mIog Z. toquaAuy pgaTg aq, uo sB mp qyqqzu Zus Z~q, . og spam azaw suoTeTAo~ zou...

  7. Revised: March 11, 2005 White Pine Weevil Detection Traps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Elizabeth W.

    be applied to the screen but the plastic rib on the outside of the funnel adds additional backing to the J-channel;Revised: March 11, 2005 the top secure, we have added short pieces of plastic J-channel, available at a building supply store, to the inside of the top. The J-channel fits down over the corner of one vane

  8. Lodgepole Pine Forest Ecology A foundation for future forest management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mortality and survival. But, fire will result in large areas of total overstory mortality and will leave After Disturbance Mortality creates canopy gaps Understory vegetation more diverse Mixed tree species wind After 200-400 Ye

  9. aged scots pine: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    include plant biomass, topology Boyer, Edmond 22 Plant Ecology 145: 115123, 1999. 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 115 Seed predation and...

  10. analysing scots pine: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 21 Plant Ecology 145: 115123, 1999. 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 115 Seed predation and...

  11. Original article Estimating the foliage area of Maritime pine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    ) Abstract Destructive measurements of architecture and biomass were performed on 63 trees from three Pinus pinaster stands (5, 21 and 26 year-old) in order to determine the quantity and distribution of foliage area that knowing tree age and diameter, it could be possible to fully describe the quantity of foliage area and its

  12. arsenal pine bluff: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    de 27 Scaling properties of two-dimensional turbulence in wakes behind bluff bodies B. Protas,1,2,* S. Goujon-Durand,2,3, Mathematics Websites Summary: Scaling properties of...

  13. Black Pine Engineering Wins Clean Energy Trust Clean Energy Challenge |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureCommentsEnergyandapproximately 10| Department ofClean Energy

  14. Some aspects of drought resistance in loblolly pine seedlings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brix, Holger

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HkpeT eCLU iDtCL CI9 aCEU Pn YDIUECu iDtCL LxPsNI( UxD sDLUDEI FPOI9CE5 uNID fB^ Pn UxD TPOUxDEI aNID ED(NPId UxD IgPLU 1NIDLuU uPRCuNU5d CI9 UxD RPOIUNDL fOI9DEuNID9^ EDnDEED9 UP NI UxD UDtUh ixD EDuCUNPILxNa FDUsDDI uDCn LOEnCRD Pn uPFuPuu5 a...EPaDEUNDLh BmPI( UxD nCRUPEL NInuODIRNI( UECILaNECUNPI CEDG f?^ CEDC Pn UECILaNECUNPI LOEnCRD NI aEPaPEUNPI UP UxD sCUDE CFLPEaUNPI RCaCRNU5 f1CE:DEd ?.w.^d f?^ ax5LNRCu EDLNLUCIRD UP sCUDE mPqDmDIUd f2^ PLmPUNR RPIRDIUECUNPI Pn NIUDEICuu5 DtaPLD9 uDCn RDuu...

  15. Whispering Pines, North Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown ofNationwideWTED JumpHills,2732°,WetzelTechnologiesWhetstone,Information

  16. High Tonnage Forest Biomass Production Systems from Southern Pine Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaefer To:Department of EnergySeacrist, Senior Fellow -CatherinePlantations |

  17. Slash Pine Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, New York:SiG SolarSkykomish, Washington: EnergySkåne

  18. Vegetation Loblolly Pine N Site Boundary N Streams Roads

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsing Maps1 - USAF Wind Power ProgramDeslippe,

  19. Pine Mountain Club, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pillar GroupPinalClub,

  20. Pine Tree Extension Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pillar GroupPinalClub,Job

  1. Community D Mixed/Pine Hardwood D Bottomland Hardwood Mixed

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingth Lomonosov Conference, 19... 1\

  2. La Pine, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to: navigation,working-groups < LEDSGP‎LEE JumpPalma, California:

  3. Hillsboro Pines, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtel Jump to: navigation, searchCounty,City,Hillsboro Beach,

  4. Idyllwild-Pine Cove, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtel JumpCounty, Texas:ITCSolidIdaho‎ |

  5. Pine Beach, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy ResourcesPicketGeothermal Project JumpBeach, New Jersey:

  6. Pine Castle, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy ResourcesPicketGeothermal Project JumpBeach, New

  7. Pine County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy ResourcesPicketGeothermal Project JumpBeach, NewCounty,

  8. Pine Glen, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy ResourcesPicketGeothermal Project JumpBeach, NewCounty,Glen,

  9. Pine Grove Mills, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy ResourcesPicketGeothermal Project JumpBeach,

  10. Pine Hill, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy ResourcesPicketGeothermal Project JumpBeach,Hill, New York:

  11. Pine Hills, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy ResourcesPicketGeothermal Project JumpBeach,Hill, New

  12. Pine Hills, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy ResourcesPicketGeothermal Project JumpBeach,Hill,

  13. Pine Island Ridge, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy ResourcesPicketGeothermal Project JumpBeach,Hill,Island

  14. Pine Lake Corn Processors LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy ResourcesPicketGeothermal Project

  15. Pine Lake, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy ResourcesPicketGeothermal ProjectLake, Georgia: Energy

  16. Pine Mountain, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy ResourcesPicketGeothermal ProjectLake, Georgia:

  17. Pine Ridge at Crestwood, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy ResourcesPicketGeothermal ProjectLake,

  18. Pine Tree Bethlehem Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy ResourcesPicketGeothermal ProjectLake,Bethlehem Biomass

  19. Pine Tree Fitchburg Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy ResourcesPicketGeothermal ProjectLake,Bethlehem

  20. Pine Valley, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: Energy ResourcesPicketGeothermal ProjectLake,BethlehemValley,

  1. High Tonnage Forest Biomass Production Systems from Southern Pine Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking of Blythe Solar Power ProjectHawai'iPresentedHighHighBOP andPlantations |

  2. Southern Pine Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL Elec Coop, Inc Jump to:Southern Maryland Elec

  3. Southern Pine Elec Power Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL Elec Coop, Inc Jump to:Southern Maryland ElecSouthern

  4. City of Pine Bluffs, Wyoming (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, clickInformation Smyrna Beach, FloridaCity of Pender, NebraskaPeru,City of

  5. A Case Study Approachto Understanding Regional Resilience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kathryn A. Foster

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    University Press; Timothy Beatley, Philip R. Berke, Raymond604(1): 192 207 Timothy Beatley, Philip R. Berke, Raymond

  6. MODELING AND SIMULATION OF HVAC FAULTS IN ENERGYPLUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basarkar, Mangesh

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mangesh Basarkar, Xiufeng Pang, Liping Wang, Philip Haves,Mangesh Basarkar, Xiufeng Pang, Liping Wang, Philip Haves,

  7. PROF. MICHAEL PHILIP SHORT 203 Pemberton St. #2, Cambridge, MA 02140, USA +1-617-347-7763

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sow-Hsin

    Positions: Postdoctoral Lecturer, Research Scientist · Developing a validated, predictive model (MAMBA Positions: UROP, RA, Postdoctoral Lecturer, Research Scientist, Assistant Professor · Developed a composite

  8. A review of "Literatures of Exile in the English Revolution and its Aftermath, 1640-1690" edited by Philip Major

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santos, Kathryn Vomero

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Literatures of Exile in the English Revolution and its Aftermath, 1640-1690. Farnham, England, and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, #18;#17;#16;#17;. xvii + #18;#16;#14; pp. $#12;#12;.#12;#14;. Review by #6;#8;#25;#24;#21;#20;#26; #27;??#28;#21;? #29...;#8;#26;#25;?#29;, #26;#28;#19; #20;?#21;#6; #22;#26; #27;#28;#21;#29; #25;#20;. Scholars have long acknowledged that the events of the English Revolution forced many men and women into exile, but it is only in recent years that historians and literary critics have...

  9. 30 Scientific American, June 2012 The Science of Health by Philip T. B. Starks and Brittany L. Slabach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starks, Philip

    as a source of iron that promotes red blood cell devel- opment. Elephants, gorillas and bats eat sodium, not necessarily pathological In the fall of 2009 a group of biology students at Tufts University sat down together is that soil contains minerals, such as calcium, sodium and iron, which support energy production and other

  10. An Improved Simple Chilled Water Cooling Coil Author(s), Liping Wang, Philip Haves and Fred Buhl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of cooling and dehumidification coil performance is important in model-based fault detection behavior is needed to assess local loop control performance while steady state modeling is generally sufficient for energy calculations. Recent work on coil modeling has focused on modeling dynamic response

  11. Philip J. Heitzenroeder Dale Meade Richard J. Thome Princeton Plasma Physics Princeton Plasma Physics MIT Plasma Science and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and capability to operate at 12T with upgrades to power supplies. Toroidal and poloidal field magnets are inertially cooled with liquid nitrogen. An important goal for FIRE is a total project cost and space for wall stabilization; .# Double null divertors; . # Cryo cooled copper resistive magnets

  12. Associative Hierarchical Random Fields L'ubor Ladick1, Chris Russell1, Pushmeet Kohli, Philip H. S. Torr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohli, Pushmeet

    of the multiple segmentations to contribute to a global energy. MAP inference in this model can be performed. S. Torr Abstract--This paper makes two contributions: the first is the proposal of a new model the associative hierarchical random field (AHRF), and a novel algorithm for its optimisation; the second

  13. Some Implications of Low Power Wireless to IP Networking Kannan Srinivasan, Prabal Dutta, Arsalan Tavakoli, and Philip Levis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levis, Philip

    down, networks have expanded to in- clude large numbers of wireless desktops, laptops, palmtops conserve energy. Wireless sensor networks (sensornets) are one heavily studied subclass of PANs [8 for many different networks and usage patterns, working well, or at least well enough, in many domains

  14. Automatic Animation Generation of a Teleoperated Khaled Belghith and Benjamin Auder and Froduald Kabanza and Philipe Bellefeuille 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kabanza, Froduald

    on the SS- RMS, we have developed the automatic task demonstration gen- erator (ATDG), which generates 3D- loads from visiting shuttles. Astronauts operate the SSRMS through a workstation located inside one

  15. Occulter Design for THEIA N. Jeremy Kasdina, Eric J. Cadya, Philip J. Dumontb, P. Douglas Lismanb, Stuart B.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -axis three-mirror anastigmat telescope with a 4-meter Al/MgF2- coated primary, an Al/LiF-coated secondary do solar systems form and survive? How do stars and galaxies form and evolve? How is dark matter

  16. Philip Henry Wicksteed's marginal productivity theory of distribution and an investigation of those factors which influenced its formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garner, Joseph Key

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    their impoverished state. From these forces Hicksteed conceived the idea of a Labour Church that. would be dedicated to the working man and be the core of his religious activity. The Labour Church only enjoyed a short popularity. From Jevons, Hic'ksteed found... he had studied the philosophy with feverish curiosity, and later as a man of thirty, Positivism continued to appeal to his riper 7 mind. In his review of Comte's Positive ~Polit pub- I' I d ' tk*~1' W' k t*d k k' d ' t'* (and reservation...

  17. Philip E. Long, Ph.D. Geological Project Scientist and Deputy Lead, Sustainable Systems Science Focus Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ajo-Franklin, Jonathan

    , Ellensburg, WA 1977-1978 Sr. Scientist, Basalt Waste Isolation Project, Rockwell Hanford Operations, Richland for Earth Sciences. 1979 to 1988 Sr. Scientist and Manager, Hydrology Group, Basalt Waste Isolation Project as Technical Group Manager, Section Manager, Associate Department Manager, and Technical Network Leader

  18. The short-term effects of two chaining treatments on populations of Tabanus abactor Philip (Diptera: Tabanidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holmes, Steven Paul

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and white buckets in the air, both coated with Tanglefoot@ stickun-4 were used to capture adult flies and monitor their activity. Brown boards capture mostly male flies, and white buckets capture female flies almost exclusively. Chaining did...

  19. Performance of Installed Cooking Exhaust Devices Brett C. Singer, William W. Delp, Michael G. Apte, Philip N. Price

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Implications Natural gas cooking burners and many cooking activities emit pollutants that can reach hazardous values and that less than half of the pollutants emitted by gas cooking burners are removed during many gas burners; Nitrogen dioxide; Range hood; Task ventilation; Unvented combustion. Practical

  20. Modulation of Thermoelectric Power of Individual Carbon Nanotubes Joshua P. Small, Kerstin M. Perez, and Philip Kim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Philip

    Modulation of Thermoelectric Power of Individual Carbon Nanotubes Joshua P. Small, Kerstin M. Perez 2003; published 18 December 2003) Thermoelectric power (TEP) of individual single walled carbon.256801 PACS numbers: 73.63.b, 65.80.+n, 73.22.f Enhanced thermoelectric phenomena in nanoscaled materials

  1. TAMARA ESKENAZI / VINE DELORIA JR. / WELDON KEES PHILIP LOPATE / DAN O'BRIEN / LOREN EISELEY / ELLIOT DORFF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Logan, David

    . LIEBLING / ALAN GALLAY JRGEN HABERMAS / GARY E. MOULTON / JOEL SARTORE EDGAR RICE BURROUGHS / MARY SHELLEY

  2. COPDGeneTM Study Quality Assurance Phantom Philip F. Judy1 *, Raul San Jose Estepar1 , Eric Hoffman2 ,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The COPDGene Phantom has foam material of with a density similar to lung and polycarbonate tubes bottle were present in the foam. Polycarbonate rods to simulate airways with walls were embedded

  3. Plasmonic Optical Biosensor By Ibrahim Fakih and Mohamed Najih, supervised by Philip Roche and Prof. Andrew Kirk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelat, Francois

    battery instead of the current 9V unit Use alternate means to power the device such as solar cells noise Calibration Future Improvements The biosensor's design can be improved to make it even more user was used for calibration purposes. Based on battery power, refractive index of the plasmonic polymer, etc

  4. Code Generation Through Annotation of Macromolecular Structure Data John Biggs 1 , Calton Pu 1 , and Philip Bourne 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bourne, Philip E.

    Code Generation Through Annotation of Macromolecular Structure Data John Biggs 1 , Calton Pu 1 & Technology P.O. Box 91000 Portland, OR 97291­1000 {biggs,calton}@cse.ogi.edu 2 San Diego Supercomputer Center

  5. Wavelet TCQ: submission to JPEG-2000 Philip J. Sementil1i'', Au Bilgina, James H. Kasnerc, Michael W. Marcellin'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilgin, Ali

    ) within the ISO international standards organization is defining a new standard for still image Experts Group (JPEG) within the ISO international standards organization is defining a new standard 85721 bScience Applications International Corp. (SAIC), 101 N. Wilmot Rd., Tucson, AZ 85711 c

  6. An Autonomous Doppler Sodar Wind Profiling System PHILIP S. ANDERSON, RUSSELL S. LADKIN, AND IAN A. RENFREW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renfrew, Ian

    from five modular power system units. Each power unit comprises two batteries, two photovoltaic solar. RENFREW British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom (Manuscript received 19 March 2004, in final panels, and two vertical axis wind generators, plus charging control and isolation circuitry. The sodar

  7. XISS/R: XML Indexing and Storage System Using RDBMS Philip J Harding Quanzhong Li Bongki Moon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Bongki

    relational technology is ma- ture and well-developed, using relational databases to store XML data database systems to store and evaluate queries on XML data. The extended preorder numbering scheme [4 of a commercial relational database system. Several key issues involved in storing the XML data using

  8. Cloud tracking with optical flow for short-term solar forecasting Philip Wood-Bradley, Jos Zapata, John Pye

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , photovoltaic systems, and grid regulation (Mathiesen & Kleissl, 2011; Martínez López, et al, 2002). A method apart with a size of 640 by 480 pixels, were processed to determine the time taken for clouds to reach irradiance is essential for the effective operation of many solar applications such as solar thermal systems

  9. EXC-12-0001, EXC-12-0002, EXC-12-0003 - In the Matter of Philips Lighting

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy Chinaof EnergyImpactOn July 2, 2014 in theGroup Report |of Energy January 4,

  10. CI-OFF Ex A (Rev. 0.2, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania,...

  11. Pathogenicity of a soil-derived Aspergillus fumigatus isolate for normal and immunosuppressed guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenyon, Elaina Marie

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) recent or concurrent broad spectrum antibiotic therapy, and (5) acute leukemic relapse or organ transplant acute rejection (2). IPA has been most frequently reported secondary to hematologi c malignancies, parti cul arly acute lymphocytic leukemia... and acute myelogenous leukemi a (21). In one study of the records of 65 consecutive patients who died of leukemia, 15 percent were found to have had IPA (25). IPA has also been reported frequently in organ transplant patients undergoing intensi- fied...

  12. Characterization of guinea pig transfer factor collected by In vivo exposure to antilymphocyte gamma globulin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Robert Stanley

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abbreviations used in this thesis; DNCB, 2, 4-dinitrochloro- benzene; KLH, keyhole limpet hemocyanin; DNFBp 2p4-dinitroflouro- benzene; DS, double stranded; SS, single stranded; BCG, Bacille Calmette-Guerin; PPD, purified protein derivative; ALS, anti..., 8, 10, 36-39), diphtheria toxoid (11), coccidioidin (13, 40-42), histoplasmin (13, 41, 42), keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) (38), Candida antigens (14), bacterial spores (40, 41. , , modified serum components (44), mumps virus, leprosy bacillus...

  13. T cell response to oral immunization with cow's milk proteins in guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chitla, Suhasini Reddy

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is transported to the cell surface, where it is then accessible to the T cell. B cells, the precursors of antibody-secreting cells, can also present antigen to T cells, however macrophages probably play the predominant role as APC's in the initial or primary... of activation, In addition, macromolecules might gain access into the systemic circulation &om the gut lumen because of increased permeability of the mucosa after local anaphylaxis (52). There is no evidence that type II, or antibody-dependent, cytotoxicity...

  14. A Quest for Insularity: Thomas Forrest's _Voyage to New Guinea, and the Moluccas_

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorlertratna, Panida

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the fall of 1773, Samuel Johnson and James Boswell recordedto the Hebrides with Samuel Johnson, LL.D. (1785) reproduceLondon: Verso, 2007. Johnson, Samuel, and James Boswell. A

  15. Growth of New Guinea impatiens under no-leach drip irrigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pannkuk, Timothy Richard

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the same fertility rate. In post-production studies following both experiments, all plants continued to grow and flower. In a third experiment, plants were grown under a no leach irrigation regime and the 12-3-4 fertility rate with six different media (peat...

  16. The response of New Guinea impatiens to varying salinity levels in a subirrigation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, Nancy Morgan

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Subirrigation is an alternative irrigation method for greenhouse crops. Lack of leaching poses the problem of high salt buildup in the root zone. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of saline irrigation water on a greenhouse...

  17. Rabbit response to intravenously injected chicken and guinea pig gamma globulins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Thomas Milton

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to obtain antisera for each gamma globulin. The injection material consisted of individual alum precipitated fluids prepared by mixing a 3. 0/ solution of the respec- tive gamma globulins and a 1% alum solution (KA1(SO4)2 ' 12H20) in a 1:1 ratio... and flocculating with a 0. 1N NaOH solution. One intravenous injection per day of the alum precipitated protein was given every other day for a total of three injections (the first injection was 1 ml. , the second 1. 5 ml. and the third 2. 0 ml. ). The animals...

  18. Recognition and Strangeness in Marine Environmental Encounters on New Guinea's Far Western Coast /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ian Nicholas

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solomon Islands. Environmental Conservation 31:69-83.a dispute over environmental conservation projects betweenhorizons of environmental conservation projects between

  19. The growth of New Guinea impatiens with controlled-release fertilizer in a recirculating subirrigation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Daphne Ladean

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With concerns increasing over the supply and quality of water, pressure on greenhouse growers to use water and fertilizers more efficiently is also increasing. Controlled-release fertilizers (CRF) and recirculating subordination systems...

  20. Guinea Worm Advance Ghana has passed a milestone in its ef-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Mark

    microfluidic chip) allows for early detection of infectious diseases in resource-limited and remote regions

  1. Two new species of Bennaria Melichar, 1914 (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Cixiidae, Bennini) from Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Two new species of Bennaria Melichar, 1914 (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Cixiidae, Bennini) from Papua's thesis dissertation ("Community structure of Au- chenorrhyncha (Hemiptera: Insecta) along an altitudinal

  2. Recognition and Strangeness in Marine Environmental Encounters on New Guinea's Far Western Coast /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ian Nicholas

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    5; Boellstorff 2002:29; Graeber 2001:45). My examination ofen Volkenkunde 150:23-145. Graeber, David 2001 Toward an

  3. A Quest for Insularity: Thomas Forrest's _Voyage to New Guinea, and the Moluccas_

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorlertratna, Panida

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stevenson, Robert Louis. Treasure Island. Ed. Wendy R. Katz.Louis Stevensons Treasure Island (1883). Ironically, thebeen marooned on the Treasure Island for years, is found on

  4. Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million Cubic Feet) 3 0 0 0 156 57 61 76 673 12 12 9 19per

  5. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousand CubicCubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar AprThousand

  6. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site. IfProved(MillionPrice8.PDFThousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan

  7. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayNov-142,234 2,373 2,834DecadeFeet)

  8. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality",Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New EnglandReserves (BillionImportYear

  9. Papua New Guinea-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump2011) |PanasonicPapalote

  10. Papua New Guinea-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump2011) |PanasonicPapaloteEnergy

  11. Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, NewPalisades Park,Panthersville,

  12. Papua New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, NewPalisades Park,Panthersville,Information

  13. Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) JumpPalcan s

  14. Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar AprYearperThousandDollars per Thousand

  15. Analysis of the physical and mechanical properties of the pine nut as criteria in the design of a pine nut shelter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menchaca Lara, Jesus

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) deformations ranging from 0.82 mm to 1. 14 mm is required to fracture seeds of different sizes, 3) void spaces differ according to seed size allowing deformation of shell without contacting the nut, grouping seeds in size classifications is needed to minimize...

  16. CX-002049: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    linear feet geothermal lines to link Hans P. Peterson Memorial Hospital and adjacent health care facilities, known as Philip Health Services, with an existing Philip...

  17. u.s. DEPARTl\\IENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    linear feet geothermal lines to link Hans P. Peterson Memorial Hospital and adjacent health care facilities, known as Philip Health Services, with an existing Philip...

  18. Distribution of Fine Roots of Ponderosa Pine and Douglas-Fir in a Central Idaho Forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fried, Jeremy S.

    at a study site in a central Idaho forest. Concentration and content of fine roots extracted from soil cores of exotic dis- eases, heavy grazing, and timber harvest has altered forest structure, stand composition(SwezyandAgee1991,Dumm2003).Finerootsarecritical structures for water and nutrient absorption from the soil

  19. Survival of selected pine seed sources with different seedling treatments on droughty sites in East Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Echols, Ralph James

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . 1. Source of variance, degrees of freedom (d. f. ). . . . . 138 and Expected Mean Squares for analysis of variance. LIST OF FIGURES ~Fi ure plot locations in Bowie and Henderson Counties. . P Sc88 . . 33 Schematic depicting spacing and border... enables the seedlings to develop large root systems prior to critical summr dry periods (Bilan et al. 1978). 32 Four test sites were chosen for the study areas. Two of the locations mre in Bowie County and two were in Henderson County, Texas. Site...

  20. SELECTED PROPERTIES OF WOOD STRAND AND ORIENTED STRANDBOARD FROM SMALL-DIAMETER SOUTHERN PINE TREES1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and paper industry and restricted logging on fed- eral forest land, there is an overstocking of small of the heavy fuel load (Wolfe 2000). There is a need for removing and utilizing these materials to capture more

  1. Liming effects on slash pine (Pinus elliottii Englm.) seedlings growing on acid soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elzner, John Thomas

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Growth Liming CHAPTER III. NETHODS Experimental Design Soil Treatments Greenhouse Care Laboratory Analysis Statistical Analysis . CHAPTER IV. RESULTS . Soils Exchangeable Aluminum Extractable Aluminum Exchangeable Acidity pH Calcium Page 1... growth; and under very acid conditions, phosphorus may be tied up with soluble aluminum (Shoulders and McKee, 1973). Solubility of aluminum is strongly influenced by pH and may interfere with the uptake of phosphorus and subsequent growth of southern...

  2. O Christmas tree, recycled be In various ways, those spruces, pines and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Christmas tree , there's an increasing chance that it could wind up helping to heat or power a city, aid. In St. Paul, the District Energy power plant makes extensive use of waste materials, including Christmas, and ships them to the power plant. Christmas trees provide a small percentage of this fuel, according

  3. Gray squirrel usage of hardwood ravines within pine plantations in east Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McElfresh, Robert William

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ;of capture points falling in each type ~Pa e 13 2. Stand type map of plot 2 showing the absolute and relative area covered by each forest type, squirrel capture points, and the relative number of capture points falling in each type 3. Stand type map... morning beginning about two hours after sunrise. Redwood box traps baited with freshly broken pecans were found to work very well in capturing squirrels. The easiest way to handle an animal was to slip a mesh bait bag {Nylon Net Co. , Memphis) over...

  4. A study of the effect of ozone and antioxidants on ozone-sensitive loblolly pine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Posey, Karen Lashea

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ozone, a phytotoxic air pollutant, is formed from photochemical reactions of hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides in the troposphere. Ozone is taken into the plant through the stomata, and quickly broken down into hydroxyl radicals. These hydroxyl...

  5. Utilization and composition of forage in a longleaf-pine-hardwood forest of Newton County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, William B

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    bluostem from s'tc 1& open& of forage clipped to simlulate grating as observed on site A Data on little bluestem from site B, intermediate ~ of fox age olipped to sgsulate graain" as observed on s" te B ~ ~ ~ o ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Data... on little bluestam from site C, intermediate& of forage clipped to simulate grasing as observed on site ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Cl IV ~ Vie Data on little bluestem fro= site D& heavy& of forage clipped to s+ulate grasping as observed on site...

  6. GLOBAL CHANGE ECOLOGY -ORIGINAL RESEARCH Warming and the dependence of limber pine (Pinus flexilis)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kueppers, Lara M.

    experimental warming did not appear to reduce cold limitation at high elevation. Instead, gas exchange users. A. B. Moyes (&) L. M. Kueppers School of Natural Sciences, University of California Merced) 171:271282 DOI 10.1007/s00442-012-2410-0 #12;models forecast warming of 26 C (median 3.4 C) across

  7. The Effect of Mountain Pine Beetle Attack and Salvage Harvesting On Streamflows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    shade, reducing snowmelt rates. In addition the reduction in wind speed in a forested stand also canopy that can intercept a portion of the snowfall. Also, the mortality is never 100% and individual

  8. "NH Big Tree of the Month February 2007" White Pine Pinus Strobus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    perfect for ship masts. Considered the best masts in the world, they were like gold to the shipbuilders growth that averages about a foot a year. But on optimum sites of sandy loam, with sun, and plenty

  9. Silviculture for Lodgepole Pine Forests Where economic sustainability and ecological compatibility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to live Bare mineral soil temperature water #12;Harvesting Patterns To clearcut or partial cut? How big Regeneration Harvesting Patterns Thininng Forest Health #12;Lodgepole Regeneration Getting Seeds all about

  10. Development of south Swedish pine chronologies from peat bogs extension of existing records and assessment of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffel, Markus

    .Edvardsson@geol.lu.se Introduction Ongoing and future climate change is a crucial issue for society and requires deeper understanding provide climate information with annual resolution (Cook & Kairiukstis 1990). Climate change can cause for studies of temperature change (Linderholm et al. 2002). Whereas temperature as well as precipitation

  11. Leaching and persistence of herbicides for kudzu (Pueraria montana) control on pine regeneration sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berisford, Yvette, C.; Bush, Parshall, B.; Taylor, John, W.

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kudzu is an exotic vine that threatens forests in the southeastern United States. It can climb, overtop, and subsequently kill new seedlings or mature trees. Herbicides are commonly used to control kudzu; however, eradication might require retreatment for 3 to 10 yr in young stands and 7 to 10 yr for mature stands. Clopyralid, picloram, triclopyr, metsulfuron, and tebuthiuron exert various degrees of control, depending on soil type, meteorological conditions, herbicide formulation, seasonal application, characteristics of the kudzu stand, and frequency and number of herbicide. Field residue data for soil or leachate are lacking for all of these herbicides when they are used in actual forest regeneration programs in the Coastal Plain. These data are needed to assess the relative potential for the herbicides to leach into groundwater or to move off-site into sensitive ecological areas of the Coastal Plain in which sandy soils predominate and the groundwater tends to be shallow. As part of an integrated pest management program to control kudzu on forest regeneration areas at the Savannah River Site near New Ellenton, SC, five herbicides were evaluated from the standpoints of herbicide leaching, kudzu control, and plant community development. Three herbicide chemical families were represented. This included pyridinecarboxylic acid herbicides (clopyralid, picloram 1 2,4-D, and triclopyr), a sulfonylurea herbicide (metsulfuron), and a substituted urea herbicide (tebuthiuron).

  12. A study of the effect of ozone and antioxidants on ozone-sensitive loblolly pine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Posey, Karen Lashea

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and exposed to LSX ambient ozone for two months. Arrows indicate pestained SDS-PAGE molecular weight standards (kD) and Rubisco large subunit. Lane R = pure spinach Rubisco large subunit. Lanes 1 and 2 = control seedlings in the Ozoban study. Lanes 3 and 4... radicals are produced during normal metabolism when oxygen is reduced to water. Grimes et al. (1983) studied the products that form from ozone in cells and found no detectable superoxide radicals, leading them to propose that either ozone or hydroxyl...

  13. Genetic variation of packing density within a selected population of Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda L.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Lamar

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Specific gravity of cell wall material Factors affecting the specific gravity of cell wall material Importance of the specific gravity of cell wall material Recent investigations concerning packing density 12 Chapter IV. Experimental des ign 13... Discussion of materials 13 Sample size 14 Chapter V. Method used for determining packing density in small wood samples 15 Definition and calculation 15 Measurement of specific gravity Measurement of cell wall material 15 17 Summary of overall...

  14. Effects of soil compaction on root development of planted loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) seedlings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, Gerry Lynn

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) for wide-tracked crawler tractors and skidders to more than 40 psi for fully loaded rubber-tired skidders. Use of heavy equipment in harvesting may also cause puddling, churning, and rutt1ng, especially on wet so1ls hav1ng a high clay content. Because...

  15. GLOBAL CHANGE ECOLOGY -ORIGINAL PAPER Increase in water-use efficiency and underlying processes in pine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alon, Angert

    water limitations typical of the main seasonal growth period, regulation was directed at increasing Ci Sciences and Energy Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100 Rehovot, Israel e-mail: dan as an increased incidence of widespread drought for regions such as Europe (Burke et al. 2006), are expected

  16. The impact of sheared vs. sawn timber in the typical southern pine plywood mill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swinney, Russell Garrett

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Areas of impact from sheared logs within the plywood manufacturing process. 20 5. BP grade veneer peeled from the butt end of a sawn log 25 6. BP grade veneer peeled from the butt end of a sheared log. 26 7. Visible defects in veneer resulting from... two block log is trimmed four to six inches to eliminate obvious shear damage, then the log will be too short to get two 103-inch blocks. The result is that one block will be chipped for sale to a pulp mill rather than peeled for veneer for use...

  17. Gene Expression Analyses and Association Studies of Wood Development Genes in Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palle, Sreenath Reddy

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    ............................................................ 58 7 Model of the association between the AIP and PRT genes ........................ 64 8 Pathways demonstrating the indirect role of CGS and the direct role of CAD in lignin biosynthesis... complex and therefore the molecular mechanisms governing the differentiation of wood tissues are complicated. Several researchers have identified a number of genes involved in the biosynthesis of polysaccharides, lignins and cell wall proteins in forest...

  18. Early selection of loblolly pine based on genotype x fertilization interaction of seedlings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Dorothy Elaine

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    weeks of treatment. 26 27 Treatment means for growth during 1Z weeks of treatment, height at 24 weeks of age, shoot weight, root weight and shoot/root ratio at 24 weeks of age Average seedling height for each replication at 8, 12, 16, 20 and Z4... means for seedling height at 2Z weeks of age. A-26. Duncan's Multiple Range test comparing family means for seedling height at 24 weeks of age. A-27. Duncan's Multiple Range test comparing family means for seedling shoot dry weight at Z4 weeks of age...

  19. ORIGINAL PAPER M. A. G. Koas R. Ramamoorthi W. A. Pine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinskey, Anthony J.

    Sequence of the Corynebacterium glutamicum pyruvate carboxylase gene Received: 16 December 1997 / Received in Brevibacterium lac- tofermentum (Tosaka et al. 1979) and Corynebacterium glutamicum (Peters-Wendisch et al. 1997 acid production in industrial fermentations. We used regions of homology from pyruvate carboxylase se

  20. MICROBIAL RESPIRATION RESPONSE TO C, N, AND P AVAILABILITY IN LOBLOLLY PINE FOREST SOILS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whisenant, Justin

    2011-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    to an ecosystem by plants is commonly known as net primary production (NPP). Some of this C, having first been converted to sugars, is returned to the atmosphere directly by the plants as a result of normal metabolism (i.e. respiration). Much of the remainder... and the NPP of an ecosystem is largely due to soil microbial respiration. Decomposition of soil organic matter (SOM) by microbes is a metabolic process that results in a release of CO2 gas. Combined with the CO2 emitted by plant roots, this is known...