Sample records for guinea guinea-bissau haiti

  1. Daylight in Guinea-Bissau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Hiram

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MYLIGfi Iii GJU£A-BISSAU by HIRAM HALL daylightdaylight of dawning dextrose of my goad the rapidsdreams of~ soul. daylight daylight of my dawning may i wrap

  2. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary IcelandGuinea Papua New Guinea Haiti Mozambique Pakistan AppendixSierra Leone Bhutan Chad Haiti Ethiopia Niger Somalia

  3. CI-OFF Ex A (Rev. 0.2, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania,...

  4. Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJumpEnergy InformationGrupo

  5. Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open Energy InformationGettopGuilford, Maine: Energy

  6. The State of Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lallemant, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hopeful but skeptic, as Haiti has been promised many thingsThe State of Haiti By David Lallemant Thescale of the disaster in Haiti is hard to describe or even

  7. Chapter & Ambassador Haiti Trek Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perfect, Ed

    Chapter & Ambassador Haiti Trek Guide #12;2 #12;3 Trek for Knowledge Haiti Table of Contents of Trust p. 40 Personal Goals p. 41 Learning Service p 42-44 Culture Shock p. 45-47 Chapter 4 ­ About Haiti Map of Haiti p. 50 Country Profile p. 51 Haitian Customs p. 52 History p. 53 Further Resources

  8. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA HAITI INITIATIVE Executive Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA HAITI INITIATIVE Executive Committee Housed at the UCLA Program in Global'Etat d'Haiti Main Campus Planning and Reform Duration 3-4 weeks in Haiti, continual basis Funding While in Haiti: Cost of living, international transportation Background The UC Haiti Initiative (UCHI

  9. Contemporary Forms of Popular Theatre in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Vévé A.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    16-17, 1973, Port- au-Prince, Haiti. 10 From interviews withOF POPULAR THEATRE IN HAITI* By v~v~ A. Clark For centuries,Recent investigations in Haiti, which seem to corroborate

  10. National Myths, Resistant Persons: Ethnographic Fictions of Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farooq, Nihad M.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buck-Morss, Susan. Hegel, Haiti, and Universal History.Chin, Pat, et al. , eds. Haiti: A Slave Revolution: 200E. “Modernist (Pre)Occupations: Haiti, Primitivism, and

  11. iCons, 2011 Cholera in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auerbach, Scott M.

    © iCons, 2011 Cholera in Haiti Handouts: 1. 1-page explainer of cholera outbreak in Haiti Assignments Part 1: Developing an Explainer 1. In-class written assignment of societal challenge with cholera in Haiti 2. In-class written assignment of scientific investigation relating to cholera 3. Take

  12. Combating tropical deforestation in Haiti

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pellek, R.

    1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article outlines the findings of Tropical Forestry Action Plan (TFAP), which was part of an international initiative on tropical deforestation. Ten specific recommendations are addressed. Haiti has lost more than 97% of its forestland, so emphasis should be placed on replenishing the forest cover.

  13. Nutritional Analysis of Thomazeau, Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanderpool, John Mark

    2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    in birth records would enhance the reliability and validity of future nutrition status analyses. ! ! 4! ! ! DEDICATION This research is dedicated to the wonderful people of Haiti who have proven themselves through the many trials and hardships...! ! ! is that there is question about the accuracy of self-reported ages among this population, where birth certificates are not available and birthdays are not commonly celebrated. Consequently, calculations of HFA and WFA would not be likely to produce valid results...

  14. Summary of ICTP activities in support of science in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summary of ICTP activities in support of science in Haiti 23/10/2013ICTP Public Information Office #12;} Scientific visitors from Haiti 35 (1996-2012), including 2 women } Haitian participation contribution to Haiti ICTP Marie Curie Library 400 items of scientific literature #12;} Haiti School

  15. Haiti earthquake survivor to speak

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) EnvironmentalGyroSolé(tm) Harmonic EngineHIV and evolutionSite H-Area TankinHaiHaiti

  16. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  17. Zombies, Haiti, and (Sex) Workers: On Relating to Modernity/Coloniality and Subalterity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koné, Mzilikazi

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Caribbean. Zombies, 1 Haiti and (Sex) Workers On Relating tohow a country as small as Haiti has made such a large impactabout the island go back to Haiti’s independence from This

  18. Converting sugarcane waste into charcoal for Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toussaint, Etienne Clement

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In Haiti, most families have traditionally relied on wood and wood-derived charcoal as their primary fuel source for indoor cooking. This resource has proven to be unsustainable, however, as over 90% of the Haitian countryside ...

  19. Economic feasibility of bagasse charcoal in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamimoto, Lynn K. (Lynn Kam Oi)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The economics of implementing bagasse-based charcoal manufacturing in Haiti was investigated. From these main inputs, three different manufacturing economic scenarios were modeled using a simple, dynamic excel spreadsheet. ...

  20. Haiti, insecurity, and the politics of asylum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, Erica C.

    In this article, I seek to show how states of insecurity provoked by ongoing social, economic, and political ruptures in Haiti can disorder individual subjectivity and generate the flight of individuals seeking asylum ...

  1. Impacts of trade liberalization policies on rice production in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Altidor, Paul, 1972-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The decline in rice production in Haiti corresponds directly with the trade liberalization that began during the mid 1980s. Before 1986, Haiti was self-sufficient in rice production even in the midst of low yields and ...

  2. The Faces of Haiti: Resolute in Reform, Resistance and Recovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, Maryemma; Rosenblum, Brian; Jayaram, Kiran C.; Claiborne, C. B.

    2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the activities and findings of the University of Kansas Haitian Research Initiative team that travelled to Haiti in July 2011. The purpose of the visit was to assess the current research and educational environment in Haiti...

  3. Land Tenure and Reform in Haiti Amber Bethell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Onsrud, Harlan J.

    peace was restored. Slaves were ordered back to the plantations. Napoleon attempted to persuade Haiti back under French rule. The Haitians fought back and Napoleon gave up his attempts to conquer them. Domingue given to France 1791 Slave revolt begins 1802 Napoleon attempts to regain Haiti 1804 Haiti

  4. Volunteers hope ORNL technology will speed Haiti's long quake recovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    SCIENCE Volunteers hope ORNL technology will speed Haiti's long quake recovery The multi to speed Haiti's recovery from its devastating 2010 earthquake and improve the Haitian population's overall public health by allowing quick, in-the-field diagnoses of diseases. A team of Haiti volunteers

  5. Lesson Plan Lesson plan: Haiti in the elementary classroom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesson Plan Lesson plan: Haiti in the elementary classroom Rationale On January 12, 2010, tragedy struck Haiti when a 7.0 magnitude earthquake rocked the country. The Haitian government reported as the poorest country in the western hemisphere, Haiti is now trying more than ever to get back on its feet

  6. WORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    Argentina2 UM Guinea-Bissau L Niue UM Bolivia LM Kenya L Palau UM Brazil2 ** LM Lesotho LM Papua New L Chile of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). 4 Until the country becomes Associated to FP7 5 As defined by UNSC

  7. The Crisis in Haiti, 2010: What’s to be done?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trevors, Jack T.; Saier, Milton H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    010-0338-8 The Crisis in Haiti, 2010: What’s to be done?The current crisis in Haiti is an overwhelming example ofthat person should visit Haiti to assist in humanitarian

  8. Performance of Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti, Part 2: Results from the Controlled Cooking Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lask, Kathleen

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti, Part 2 A ppendix C: Emissionsfrom cooking practices in Haiti (see Section 2.4 for theof Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti, Part 2 Appendix B: Stove

  9. Performance of Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti Part 1: Results from the Water Boiling Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Booker, Kayje

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti, Part 1 N N-1 (Sample Size) (of Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti  Part 1: Results from the of Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti, Part 1 DISCLAIMER This

  10. Beyond the Binary: New Roles and Implications of NGOs in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uyttewaal, Julia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Peter. Damming the Flood: Haiti, Aristide, and the PoliticsMadeline, and Liz Panarelli. “Haiti: A Republic of NGOs? ”State Building and NGOs in Haiti: setting the stage for

  11. The Haiti Earthquake: Disaster Lessons and Response from an Emergency Medicine Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Sharon; Tenny, Montessa

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    esident ’ s S ection The Haiti Earthquake: Disaster Lessonsleft the capital city of Haiti in ruins, affecting over 3aid has begun arriving in Haiti, but the situation remains

  12. Performance of Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti, Part 1: Results from the Water Boiling Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 LBNL5021E Performance of Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti, Part 1: Results from the Water typicallylastonlysixmonthstooneyear. #12; 4 B. EcoRecho:AmetalstovewithaceramiclinermadeinHaiti

  13. Haiti-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Haiti-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy...

  14. Western Washington University | Huxley College of the Environment | Sustainable Design Studio Spring 2011 HAITI HOUSING RELIEF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    Spring 2011 HAITI HOUSING RELIEF AYITI LOJMAN SEKOU DESIGN BOOK II Les Cayes Site Study #12;Page 2 Page 3HAITI HOUSING RELIEF DESIGN BOOK IIPreface The earthquake that occurred in Haiti on 12 Janu- ary 2010 is projected to last for several decades. Haiti's natural disaster challenges the global commu- nity

  15. Woody and Herbaceous Plants Native to Haiti For use in Miami-Dade Landscapes1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    Page | 1 Woody and Herbaceous Plants Native to Haiti For use in Miami-Dade Landscapes1 Haiti that of Cuba. The plants contained in this review have been recorded as native to Haiti, though some may now's original tree-cover remains. Haiti's future is critically tied to re- forestation; loss of tree cover has

  16. Haiti Trip Summary, by Faisal Raja I was fortunate to participate in a medical mission to Port-au-Prince, Haiti in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinnamon, Gordon J.

    Haiti Trip Summary, by Faisal Raja I was fortunate to participate in a medical mission to Port-au-Prince, Haiti in February 2010. I worked out of a temporary hospital set up in Bojeux Parc, a children

  17. Democracy as a Human Right: Raymond Joseph, Despotic Haiti, and the Translation of a Rights Discourse, 1965–1969

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polyné, Millery

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Country Files, 1930-1979, Haiti Personalities— Hermann L.a Living in the Marbial Valley (Haiti), Occasional Papers inCooperative Labor Groups in Haiti” M. Horowitz, ed. , In

  18. Selected critical bibliography of English-language books on Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Occasional Paper N° 3 Bryant C. Freeman Selected Critical Bibliography of English-Language Books on Haiti 531 Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas ÜNíVüKoí, , O r tirWiSAS LIBRARIES Bryant C. Freeman Selected Critical... Bibliography of English-Language Books on Haiti 1915 Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas 1995 Occasional Paper N° 3 University of Kansas Institute of Haitian Studies Occasional Papers Bryant C. Freeman, Ph.D. - General Editor No 1...

  19. Myths About Haiti: US Press Coverage Versus Haitian Reality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Myths About Haiti US Press Coverage Versus Haitian Reality 2001 This work has been made available by the University of Kansas Libraries’ Office of Scholarly Communication and Copyright. Please share... your stories about how Open Access to this book benefits you. This is the published version of the book, made available with the permission of the publisher. Myths about Haiti: US press coverage versus Haitian reality. [Berkeley, CA] : Haitian Action...

  20. Selected critical bibliography of English-language books on Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Selected Critical Bibliography of English-Language Books on Haiti 1999 This work has been made available by the University of Kansas Libraries’ Office of Scholarly Communication and Copyright... at the link below. Bryant, Freeman C. Selected Critical Bibliography of English-Language Books on Haiti,” Institute of Haitian Studies, University of Kansas, 1999 Published version: http://catalog.lib.ku.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon. cgi?bbid=2583945 Terms of Use...

  1. Predicting soil erosion from Cap Rouge Plateau, Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcelin, Fritz Sauveur

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PREDICTING SOIL EROSION FROM CAP ROUGE PLATEAU, HAITI A Thesis by FRITZ SAUVEUR MARCELIN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1985... Major Subject: Range Science PREDICTING SOIL EROSION FROM CAP ROUGE PLATEAU, HAITI A Thesis by FRITZ SAUVEUR MARCELIN Approved as to style and content by: W. H. Biackburn (Chairman) C. T. Hallmark (Member) . G. Calh u (Member) J. L. Schuster...

  2. An extinct monkey from Haiti and the origins of the Greater Antillean primates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberger, Alfred H.

    An extinct monkey from Haiti and the origins of the Greater Antillean primates Siobhán B. Cookea from Haiti, Insulacebus toussaintiana, is described here from the most complete Caribbean subfossil

  3. Certain Cash Contributions for Haiti Relief Can Be Deducted on Your 2009 Tax Return

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Certain Cash Contributions for Haiti Relief Can Be Deducted on Your 2009 Tax Return A new law, 2010, for the relief of victims in areas affected by the January 12, 2010, earthquake in Haiti

  4. The 2010 Haiti earthquake: A complex fault pattern constrained by seismologic and tectonic observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    The 2010 Haiti earthquake: A complex fault pattern constrained by seismologic and tectonic. [1] After the January 12, 2010, Haiti earthquake, we deployed a mainly offshore temporary network), The 2010 Haiti earthquake: A complex fault pattern constrained by seismologic and tectonic observations

  5. when a magnitude 7.0 earthquake hit Haiti in January 2010, the Earth Institute was

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    when a magnitude 7.0 earthquake hit Haiti in January 2010, the Earth Institute was already there Information Network. Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. When the same size earthquake hit the San Francisco bay area in 1989, only 63 people died. But Haiti had houses built with inadequate

  6. Caragea et al. Text Message Classification for the Haiti Earthquake Proceedings of the 8th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caragea et al. Text Message Classification for the Haiti Earthquake Proceedings of the 8th International ISCRAM Conference ­ Lisbon, Portugal, May 2011 1 Classifying Text Messages for the Haiti and aggregates tweets and text messages about the Haiti disaster relief so that they can be easily accessed

  7. Inauguration en Hati des Dix sept campus PENDHA et HAITI-SANTE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inauguration en Haïti des Dix sept campus PENDHA et HAITI-SANTE Le système universitaire haïtien se (UNF3S) ont inauguré dix sept espaces numériques universitaires PENDHA et HAITI-SANTE, installés dans'enseignement numérique présentiel et à distance en faveur de la formation médicale et en santé en Haïti (HAITI-SANTE). Le

  8. REVIEW Open Access Soil nutrient management in Haiti, pre-Columbus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raizada, Manish N.

    REVIEW Open Access Soil nutrient management in Haiti, pre-Columbus to the present day: lessons been reported to contribute to chronic poverty and malnutrition in rural Haiti is soil infertility. There has been no systematic review of past and present soil interventions in Haiti that could provide

  9. Communications of the ACM, June 1999 Lessons from Haiti's Internet Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peha, Jon M.

    1 Communications of the ACM, June 1999 Lessons from Haiti's Internet Development Jon M. Peha Abstract Haiti does not appear to be the most fertile ground for Internet growth. It is a poor nation, and have sometimes explored unconventional technical approaches. Haiti now has four commercial Internet

  10. Interactive terrain visualization enables virtual fieldwork during rapid scientific response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamann, Bernd

    response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake --Manuscript Draft-- Manuscript Number: GS687R1 Full Title: Interactive terrain visualization enables virtual fieldwork during rapid scientific response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake Short Title: Virtual fieldwork, Haiti Article Type: Research Paper Keywords: Enriquillo fault

  11. COMMENT: Don't fall for Washington's spin on Haiti By Jeffrey Sachs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMENT: Don't fall for Washington's spin on Haiti By Jeffrey Sachs Financial Times March 1, 2004 The crisis in Haiti is another case of brazen US manipulation of a small, impoverished country with the truth-Bertrand Aristide was portrayed as an undemocratic leader who betrayed Haiti's democratic hopes and thereby lost

  12. Characterizing demand for domestic versus imported chicken in developing countries: the case of Haiti and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of Haiti and Cameroon Cathie LAROCHE DUPRAZ, Carole ROPARS COLLET Working Paper SMART ­ LERECO N°10: the case of Haiti and Cameroon Cathie LAROCHE DUPRAZ Agrocampus Ouest, UMR1302 SMART, F-35000 Rennes versus imported chicken in developing countries: the case of Haiti and Cameroon Abstract Since

  13. Resp ak Respekte (Respect and Enforce): History, Urban Planning and the Tensions of Humanitarianism in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantlon, Jessica F.

    of Humanitarianism in Haiti "The Idea of Africa: From the Haitian Revolution to the Liberation of South Africa" Panel November 4-5, 2014 Thirty-five seconds. The devastating 7.0 earthquake that shook the foundation of Haiti imagine and interact with that nation. The "Quake" in Haiti has generated hefty aid packages, billions

  14. Meeting Cholera's Challenge to Haiti and the World: A Joint Statement on Cholera Prevention and Care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mekalanos, John

    Viewpoints Meeting Cholera's Challenge to Haiti and the World: A Joint Statement on Cholera (Partners In Health), Cange, Haiti, 5 Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States College, New York, New York, United States of America, 19 GHESKIO Centre, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, 20

  15. THE HAITI CASE STUDY Working Paper of the collaborative NATO-Harvard project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mootha, Vamsi K.

    1 THE HAITI CASE STUDY Working Paper of the collaborative NATO-Harvard project: TOWARDS THE HAITI CASE STUDY Working Paper of the collaborative NATO-Harvard project: Towards a Comprehensive;THE HAITI CASE STUDY 27 June 2012 FOREWORD A joint study team from NATO's Joint Analysis and Lessons

  16. Selected critical bibliography of English-language books on Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Occasional Paper N° 3 Bryant C. Freeman Selected Critical Bibliography of English-Language Books on Haiti Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas Occasional Paper N° 3 Bryant C. Freeman ^ III Selected Critical it Bibliography... of English-Language Books on Haiti Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas 1998 University of Kansas Institute of Haitian Studies Occasional Papers B r y a n t C . F r e e m a n , P h . D . - S e r i e s E d i t o r N ° l - Konst i t i syon...

  17. The Politics and Culture in the Mouvman Rasin in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayaram, Kiran C.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Occasional Paper N° 29 Bryant C. Freeman, Ph.D. Series Editor Kir an Jayaram The Politics of Culture in the Mouvman Rasin in Haiti Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas 2004 ©Kiran Jayaram U n i v e r s i t y of K a n s a s I...) by Series editor places Constitution in its historic context and analyzes salient features. $5.00 N° 3 Bryant C. Freeman, Selected Critical Bibliography of English-Language Books on Haiti. 1999 (Updated). Pp. 24. Contains 177 entries, with brief...

  18. Corruption kills On the anniversary of Haiti's devastating quake, Nicholas Ambraseys and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    Corruption kills On the anniversary of Haiti's devastating quake, Nicholas Ambraseys and Roger from last year's Haiti earthquake compared with the absence of any fatalities in New Zea- land.162 L.AbAssi/MiNUsTAH/GeTTyiMAGes Port-au-Prince, Haiti, 2010. 1 3 J A n u A r y 2 0 1 1 | V O L 4 6 9

  19. Haiti: energy efficiency in the sugar and manufacturing industries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Streicher, A.

    1985-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A review of energy use in Haiti, aimed at identifying possible projects to complement current A.I.D. support for institution building and energy planning within the Ministry of Mines and Energy Resources (MMRE), is presented. Key findings are that: (1) the sugar and manufacturing industries rely heavily on biomass fuels - wood, charcoal, and bagasse (sugar cane residue); and (2) demand for commercial energy and for electricity is growing rapidly despite supply constraints. The report calls for A.I.D. to: initiate a program to reduce biomass consumption (which is causing severe soil erosion and deforestation), especially in the small distilleries called guildives; collaborate with MMRE and the World Bank to develop a detailed workplan to promote energy efficiency in the guildives, focusing on technology development; help MMRE and the private sector to project Haiti's industrial energy and electricity needs through the year 2000; and sponsor a program of energy audits and efficiency improvements in the manufacturing sector.

  20. Children Are the Wealth of the Poor: Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denney, Rachel

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    At roughly two percent, Haiti has one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in the Caribbean. This thesis examines HIV transmission in Haiti, specifically the transmission of HIV from mother to child during pregnancy, labor, and breastfeeding. Though...

  1. --RIT captures Haiti disaster with high-tech imaging system --In the aftermath of the Jan. 12 earthquake that struck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    NEWS TECHNOLOGY -- RIT captures Haiti disaster with high-tech imaging system -- In the aftermath of the Jan. 12 earthquake that struck Haiti's capital, Port-au-Prince, scientists from Rochester Institute

  2. All USC faculty, staff and students are invited to attend a program on "USC's Response to the Tragedy in Haiti."

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    to the Tragedy in Haiti." Wednesday, Feb. 10, 2010 45 p.m. Salvatori Computer Science Center Room 101 of Medicine of USC and a native of Haiti Ramon Cestero, M.D., trauma surgeon at Los Angeles County+USC Medical Center Moderator: Dean Carmen A. Puliafito, M.D., M.B.A. Learn about the USC/LA County Haiti

  3. Age, chemo-and biostratigraphy of Haiti spherule-rich deposits: a multi-event KT scenario

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Gerta

    Age, chemo- and biostratigraphy of Haiti spherule- rich deposits: a multi-event K­T scenario Gerta new expanded K­T transitions and reexamination of road outcrops near Beloc, Haiti, re- veals to microplankton. Glass spherule deposits in Mexico and Haiti and their chemical similarity are generally cited

  4. Haiti Soil Fertility Analysis and Crop Interpretations for Principal Crops in the Five WINNER Watershed Zones of Intervention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    1 Haiti Soil Fertility Analysis and Crop Interpretations for Principal Crops in the Five WINNER degradation dominate the landscape in Haiti and there is little accurate soil-fertility research available in five major watershed regions of Haiti: Gonaives, Archaie/Cabaret, Cul-de-Sac, Kenscoff, and Mirebalais

  5. Disruption on urban chicken markets in Haiti and Cameroon: The role of socio-economic factors on chicken's consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Disruption on urban chicken markets in Haiti and Cameroon: The role of socio-economic factors (2009)" #12;2 Disruption on urban chicken markets in Haiti and Cameroon: The role of socio in Yaoundé (Cameroon) and in 2006 at Port-au-Prince (Haiti) applied to 180 urban households in each country

  6. Haiti-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open EnergyGuntersville ElectricControlon| OpenHaiti UN

  7. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  8. Opportunity in Haiti : women as agents of resilience in post-disaster reconstruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brickman Raredon, Anya

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The earthquake that struck Haiti on January 12, 2010, caused severe spatial and social disruption of many communities. Over the past sixteen months, as international and national institutions struggled to respond in an ...

  9. Design and implementation of a solar power system in rural Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hussam, Shaheer M. (Shaheer Muqtasid), 1981-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the design and implementation of a solar power system for a school and health center in Petit-Anse, Haiti. The end-use applications are lighting via a set of fluorescent and incandescent bulbs, and a ...

  10. Food Security in Haiti After the 2010 Earthquake: Analysis and Evaluation of NGO Relief Efforts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGaughey, Katie

    Haiti suffered an earthquake in January of 2010, bringing instability and widespread hunger. Even after two years, many Haitians lack food security, and one must look at the failings of the Haitian government and those who attempted to provide aid...

  11. Managing growth of a non-profit healthcare supply chain in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heberley, Christine L. (Christine Laura)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Partners in Health's (PIH) supply chain in Haiti has become strained over the past five years due to the organization's rapid growth. Under the current system, the majority of PIH's products are obtained through an annually ...

  12. Design of a press for oil extraction from moringa seeds for Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabelli, Alessandra Maria, 1976-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The project here presented focuses on the development of a harvesting tool for Haiti, a developing country, for the extraction of oil from the seeds of the moringa trees. Moringas have an extraordinarily nutritional potential ...

  13. Design of a bagasse charcoal briquette-making device for use in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vechakul, Jessica

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Charcoal made from bagasse, the fibrous remains of sugarcane production, has the potential to serve as an alternate cooking fuel in Haiti, where the reliance on wood has led to severe deforestation. Current production ...

  14. Witchcraft, bureaucraft, and the social life of (US)AID in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, Erica C.

    In this article I discuss the unintended consequences of humanitarian and development assistance provided to “victims of human rights abuses” in Haiti in the years following the restoration of democracy in 1994. Such ...

  15. Properties of soils in a toposequence on Cap Rouge Plateau, Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louis, Pierre Antoine

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PROPERTIES OF SOILS IH A TOPOSEQUENCE OH CAP ROUGE PLATEAU, HAITI A Thesis by PIERRE ANTOINE LOUIS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE MAY... 1985 Major Subject: Soil Science PROPERTIES OF SOILS IN A TOPOSEQUENCE ON CAP ROUGE PLATEAU, HAITI A Thesis by PIERRE ANTOINE LOUIS Approved as to style and content by: C. T. Hallmark (Chairman) Frank G. Calhoun (Member ) Wrlbert H...

  16. Solar distillation as an appropriate technology tool in Haiti

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Source Philippe (on the island of La Govave, near Haiti) is described in terms of climatic, sociological, agricultural and technical background. Because of drought conditions, it became necessary to develop a solar still to provide the town with sufficient fresh water. The still, which has been in operation since 1969, is described in some detail as is the construction process. Brackish and sea water are used to produce more than 1250 liters of fresh water each day. A windmill is used to pump the brackish water from a well to an elevated storage tank; it flows by gravity to solar still basins where it is vaporized, then condensed on a sloping glass surface and collected. Benefits of the solar still to the town's economy and health are discussed. Cost of the project was $17,000. 10 references. (MJJ)

  17. in this issuewe report on proposed changes at MITMedical (see interview below); an update on faculty and student response to the earthquake in Haiti (page 4);

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    on faculty and student response to the earthquake in Haiti (page 4); a piece by the Chancellor One Laptop Per Child in Haiti THE RECENT APRIL 9 SIGNING by the U.S. and Russia of a revised START

  18. High-resolution back-projection at regional distance: application to the Haiti1 M7.0 earthquake and comparisons with finite source studies2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ampuero, Jean Paul

    High-resolution back-projection at regional distance: application to the Haiti1 M7.0 earthquake ruptured on January 12th 2010 on a complex fault10 system near Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Offshore rupture earthquake that hit Haiti in January 2010 was one of the most devastating37 natural disasters of the last

  19. in this issuewe focus on diversity at MIT and its significant relationship to the recent tragedy in Haiti. Pieces include excerpts from the Report on the Initiative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    in Haiti. Pieces include excerpts from the Report on the Initiative for Faculty Race and Diversity and our: Excerpts and Commentary Editorial Our "Inescapable Network:" Haiti, the Diversity Initiative, and MLK WE with the research find- continued on page 3 Aftermath of the Earthquake in Haiti IT HAS BEEN MORE THAN A MONTH since

  20. High-resolution back-projection at regional distance: application to the Haiti1 M7.0 earthquake and comparisons with finite source studies2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ampuero, Jean Paul

    High-resolution back-projection at regional distance: application to the Haiti1 M7.0 earthquake ruptured on January 12th 2010 on a complex fault10 system near Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Offshore rupture that hit Haiti in January 2010 was one of the most devastating34 natural disasters of the last decades

  1. Coal briquetting in Haiti: A market and business assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stevenson, G.G.; Willson, T.D.; Jean-Poix, C.; Medina, N.

    1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The investigation evaluated potential market size, financial viability, consumer acceptance, and the government policy role in promoting the manufacture and sale of briquettes in Haiti. Our results show a large and growing charcoal market in Port-au-Prince of 100,000 to 120,000 tonnes per year in 1985, much larger than previous estimates. This would support a 50,000 tonne per year coal briquetting plant. Wood users buying in lots of 100 pieces or less would provide a smaller, secondary market of about 6000 tonnes of charcoal equivalent per year. The size and competitive nature of the current charcoal transportation, wholesale, and retail distribution chain make it easily capable of distributing the coal briquettes. We investigated three coal briquetting options, each based on a different coal source: (1) Maissade lignite, (2) L'Azile lignite, and (3) imported coal. Financial analyses compare capital and operating costs with potential returns. Results indicate that the Maissade lignite is not economically viable in competition with charcoal at current charcoal prices. Both the L'Azile and imported coal options hold more promise. The investment incentives provided by Haitian government are very favorable to a coal briquetting venture. An increased tax on charcoal, currently priced below its social cost, is recommended.

  2. A comparison of perceived effectiveness of technology projects from viewpoints of external nongovernmental organizations and host country beneficiaries in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, Donald Ray

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three nongovernmental organizations sponsoring four projects in the Northern Department of Haiti were surveyed between May and July of 1998 to determine if their perceptions of the effectiveness of their projects correlated with the perceptions...

  3. Petroleum Service Projects in the Gulf of Guinea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ken-Worgu, Kenneth Chukwumeka

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    carried out by the OIS group in the gulf of Guinea. The following are the specific projects in the Gulf of Guinea that I participated in: Managing delivering, maintenance and marketing of offshore vessels, Offshore pipe laying project, Integrated pipeline...

  4. Drowned carbonate platforms in the Bismarck Sea, Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffmann, Gary; Silver, Eli; Day, Simon; Driscoll, Neal; Appelgate, Bruce

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    subsidence caused by G. Hoffmann (&) Á E. Silver UniversitySea, Papua New Guinea Gary Hoffmann • Eli Silver • Simon Day

  5. Performance of Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti, Part 2: Results from the Controlled Cooking Test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lask, Kathleen; Jones, Jennifer; Booker, Kayje; Ceballos, Cristina; Yang, Nina; Gadgil, Ashok

    2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Five charcoal cookstoves were tested using a Controlled Cooking Test (CCT) developed from cooking practices in Haiti. Cookstoves were tested for total burn time, specific fuel consumption, and emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), and the ratio of carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide (CO/CO{sub 2}). These results are presented in this report along with LBNL testers’ observations regarding the usability of the stoves.

  6. Letter to the Editor : Rapidly-deployed small tent hospitals: lessons from the earthquake in Haiti.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosen, Y.; Gurman , P.; Verna, E.; Elman , N.; Labor, E. (Materials Science Division); (Superior NanoBioSystems LLC); (Fast Israeli Rescue & Search Team); (Clinique Adonai); (Mass. Inst. Tech.); (Univ. Haifa)

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The damage to medical facilities resulting form the January 2010 earthquake in haiti necessitated the establishment of field tent hospitals. Much of the local medical infrastructure was destroyed or limited operationally when the Fast Israel Rescue and Search Team (FIRST) arrived in Haiti shortly after the January 2010 earthquake. The FIRST deployed small tent hospitals in Port-au-Prince and in 11 remote areas outside of the city. Each tent was set up in less than a half hour. The tents were staffed with an orthopedic surgeon, gynecologists, primary care and emergency care physicians, a physician with previous experience in tropical medicine, nurses, paramedics, medics, and psychologists. The rapidly deployable and temporary nature of the effort allowed the team to treat and educate, as well as provide supplies for, thousands of refugees throughout Haiti. In addition, a local Haitian physician and his team created a small tent hospital to serve the Petion Refugee Camp and its environs. FIRST personnel also took shifts at this hospital.

  7. Production of cooking briquettes from Maissade (Haiti) lignite. Feasibility study and preliminary plant design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hauserman, W.B.; Johnson, M.D.

    1986-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A laboratory study was done to establish the technical feasibility of producing domestic cooking briquettes to be marketed in Haiti, from the Maissade lignite reserves of that country, which are high in both ash and sulfur and not yet mined. It was found that acceptable briquettes could be made from Maissade char, pyrolized and compacted with a molasses-lime binder and the addition of bagasse to improve strength and burning rate. Molasses, lime and bagasse are all produced in Haiti. Sodium nitrate was added to enhance ignition, and borax as a wetting and release agent. Standard, ''pillow-shaped'' briquettes were successfully produced on a standard, double roll briquetting machine. The recommended process sequence and equipment selection are virtually identical to that used to produce standard US barbecue briquettes from North Dakota lignite. The heating value of the Maissade briquettes is lower due to their high ash level, which may be acceptable if they can be produced at a cost per heating value comparable to wood charcoal, currently used in Haiti. The high sulfur content, mostly in organic form, presents no problem, since it is tied up after combustion as CaSO/sub 4/ by the unusually high calcium content of this lignite. Detailed analyses of Maissade lignite and its mineral components are included, as well as a preliminary plant design and capital cost estimate, for capacities of 10,000 and 50,000 metric tons per year, and for a smaller pilot plant.

  8. Ocheretina O, Morose W, Gauthier M, Joseph P, D'Meza R, Escuyer VE, et al. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2012;31(3):2214.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    -resistant tuberculosis in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2012;31(3):221­4. Suggested citation Rev Panam Salud Publica 31(3), 2012 221 Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Port-au-Prince, Haiti Oksana-au-Prince, Haiti. Methods. Sputum samples were cultured from 1 006 patients newly diagnosed with TB in 2008

  9. Supplementary materials of "High-resolution back-projection at regional distance: application to the Haiti M7.0 earthquake and comparisons with finite source studies"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ampuero, Jean Paul

    to the Haiti M7.0 earthquake and comparisons with finite source studies" L. Meng1 , J.-P. Ampuero1 , A. Sladen2 empty circles are the aftershock epicenters of the Haiti- #12;OBS campaign. The two inset maps show

  10. Foundations on Sand: An Analysis of the First U.S. Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bunce, Peter L.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Foundations on Sand: An Analysis of the First US Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934 2003 by Peter L . Bunce This work has been made available by the University of Kansas Libraries’ Office of Scholarly... of the First US Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1935” Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas. 2003. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml Occasional Paper N° 27 Peter L. Bunce Foundations on Sand: An Analysis of the First US...

  11. Haiti: Feasibility of Waste-to-Energy Options at the Trutier Waste Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conrad, M. D.; Hunsberger, R.; Ness, J. E.; Harris, T.; Raibley, T.; Ursillo, P.

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides further analysis of the feasibility of a waste-to-energy (WTE) facility in the area near Port-au-Prince, Haiti. NREL's previous analysis and reports identified anaerobic digestion (AD) as the optimal WTE technology at the facility. Building on the prior analyses, this report evaluates the conceptual financial and technical viability of implementing a combined waste management and electrical power production strategy by constructing a WTE facility at the existing Trutier waste site north of Port-au-Prince.

  12. Haiti-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open EnergyGuntersville ElectricControlon| OpenHaiti UN Region

  13. Papua New Guinea: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on oil exploration which is booming in Papua New Guinea (PNG) following a rash of license applications and farm-ins. Most activity is onshore, but success is beginning to drift offshore. Currently, 40 petroleum prospecting licenses (PPL) and one producing license are active, and eight more PPL applications are being considered. PNG is expected to become an oil exporter by September 1992 when initial production is expected from Iagifu, Hedina and Agogo fields.

  14. Designing and building a peanut-shelling machine to help people in third world countries such as Ghana/Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohd Ramli, Rafiq H. (Rafiq Hidayat), 1980-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A peanut shelling machine was designed and built to help improve the standard of living of people in third world countries such as Ghana and Haiti. Two prototypes were built to test the concept of using a wheel as a peanut ...

  15. Application of smokeless briquettes in developing countries: the cases of Haiti and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabadell, A.; Shelton, R.B.; Stevenson, G.G.; Willson, T.G.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional energy sources are a significant fraction of energy demand in developing countries. These sources have become increasingly scarce because of clearing of land for agriculture, charcoal production, and excessive timber harvesting. One option for mitigating one aspect of this multidimensional problem is the use of smokeless coal briquettes. Resource and market conditions are excellent in some developing countries for the substitution of smokeless briquettes for fuelwood (which includes firewood and charcoal). US Agency for International Development (USAID) has developed a five-step procedure for determining the potential substitution of smokeless briquettes for fuelwood: resource evaluation, market assessment, technological assessment, government policy and institutional assessment (including environmental and health assessments), and business and market assessment. Through recent assessment activities in Haiti, we have gained knowledge and understanding of the market mechanisms for fuelwood substitution which we intend to apply in Pakistan. 10 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  16. Solid waste workers and livelihood strategies in Greater Port-au-Prince, Haiti

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noel, Claudel, E-mail: claudelnoel@gmail.co [University of the West Indies, Institute for Sustainable Development, Environmental Management Unit, 13 Gibraltar Camp Way, Mona Campus, Kingston (Jamaica)

    2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The solid waste management industry in Haiti is comprised of a formal and an informal sector. Many basic activities in the solid waste management sector are being carried out within the context of profound poverty, which exposes the failure of the socioeconomic and political system to provide sufficient job opportunities for the urban population. This paper examines the involvement of workers in the solid waste management industry in Greater Port-au-Prince and the implications for livelihood strategies. The findings revealed that the Greater Port-au-Prince solid waste management system is very inclusive with respect to age, while highly segregated with regard to gender. In terms of earning capacity, the results showed that workers hired by the State agencies were the most economically vulnerable group as more than 50% of them fell below the official nominal minimum wage. This paper calls for better salary scales and work compensation for the solid waste workers.

  17. Enhanced ULF radiation observed by DEMETER two months around the strong 2010 Haiti earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Athanasiou, M; Iliopoulos, A; Pavlos, G; David, K

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we study the energy of ULF electromagnetic waves that have been recorded by the satellite DEMETER, during its passing over Haiti before and after a destructive earthquake. This earthquake occurred on 12/1/2010, at geographic Latitude 18.46o and Longitude 287.47o, with Magnitude 7.0 R. Specifically, we are focusing on the variations of energy of Ez-electric field component concerning a time period of 100 days before and 50 days after the strong earthquake. In order to study these variations, we developed a novel method that can be divided in two stages: first we filter the signal keeping only the very low frequencies and afterwards we eliminate its trend using techniques of Singular Spectrum Analysis, combined with a third-degree polynomial filter. As it is shown, a significant increase in energy is observed for the time interval of 30 days before the strong earthquake. This result clearly indicates that the change in the energy of ULF electromagnetic waves could be related to strong precursory e...

  18. Performance of Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti Part 1: Results from the Water Boiling Test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booker, Kayje; Han, Tae Won; Granderson, Jessica; Jones, Jennifer; Lsk, Kathleen; Yang, Nina; Gadgil, Ashok

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In April 2010, a team of scientists and engineers from Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (LBNL) and UC Berkeley, with support from the Darfur Stoves Project (DSP), undertook a fact-finding mission to Haiti in order to assess needs and opportunities for cookstove intervention. Based on data collected from informal interviews with Haitians and NGOs, the team, Scott Sadlon, Robert Cheng, and Kayje Booker, identified and recommended stove testing and comparison as a high priority need that could be filled by LBNL. In response to that recommendation, five charcoal stoves were tested at the LBNL stove testing facility using a modified form of version 3 of the Shell Foundation Household Energy Project Water Boiling Test (WBT). The original protocol is available online. Stoves were tested for time to boil, thermal efficiency, specific fuel consumption, and emissions of CO, CO{sub 2}, and the ratio of CO/CO{sub 2}. In addition, Haitian user feedback and field observations over a subset of the stoves were combined with the experiences of the laboratory testing technicians to evaluate the usability of the stoves and their appropriateness for Haitian cooking. The laboratory results from emissions and efficiency testing and conclusions regarding usability of the stoves are presented in this report.

  19. Eighty-eight historical and present-day maps of Saint-Domingue/Haiti, its sites, towns, and islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Mart ial 31 Col lege St. Louis 32 de Gonzague 33 Church of St. Anne Hotel Splendid 34 Church of Sacrd Coeur 35 Marche de Fer ( I r on Marke t ) Batterie St.Clair Hotel de France Banque Nat ionale Dan A l i ens Restaurant Fort D imanche Fort...Occasional Paper N° 20 Bryant C. Freeman Eighty-Eight Historical and Present-Day Maps of Saint-Domingue/Haiti, its Sites, Towns, and Islands Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas Occasional Paper N° 20 Bryant C. Freeman Eighty...

  20. Variable ventilation induces endogenous surfactant release in normal guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutchen, Kenneth

    Variable ventilation induces endogenous surfactant release in normal guinea pigs Stephen P. Arold,1. Alencar, Kenneth R. Lutchen, and Edward P. Ingenito. Variable ventilation induces endogenous surfactant.00036.2003.--Variable or noisy ventilation, which includes random breath-to-breath variations in tidal

  1. Dental Disease of Rabbits, Guinea Pigs, and Chinchillas Rabbits, guinea pigs, and chinchillas frequently develop serious dental disease that at times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dental Disease of Rabbits, Guinea Pigs, and Chinchillas Rabbits, guinea pigs, and chinchillas. For example, a rabbit's teeth will grow 5-8 inches (12.7-20.3 cm) per year and a chinchilla's teeth will grow, and chinchillas have teeth (incisors) in the front of their mouths and teeth (premolars and molars, also known

  2. Altered spherules of impact melt and associated relic glass from the K/T boundary sediments in Haiti

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kring, D.A.; Boynton, W.V. (Univ. of Arizona, Tucson (United States))

    1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Partially to wholly altered glass spherules produced by impact-induced shock melting have been found in the K/T boundary sediments of Haiti which also contain grains of shocked quartz. The relic glass has an approximately dacitic composition, and although grossly similar in composition to most previously described tektite glasses, it is slightly enriched in Ca and slightly depleted in Si, suggesting the Haitian glass was produced either from a target with a greater fraction of carbonate and anhydrite lithologies and fewer silicate units than the targets from which most other tektites were produced, and/or from one with a significant mafic component. The composition of the glass can best be reconciled with a continental margin terrane, consistent with studies of shocked mineral phases reported elsewhere. The thickness of the deposit in which the impact spherules occur indicates the source of the ejecta was in the proto-Caribbean region.

  3. Petroleum Service Projects in the Gulf of Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ken-Worgu, Kenneth Chukwumeka

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    to May 2011, I worked on seven projects for the company. The following are the specific services contracts in the Gulf of Guinea: 1. Managing delivering, maintenance and marketing of offshore Vessels: Tug Boats, Pipe lay / work / 184 Man Accommodation... in petroleum service contract jobs for the company. I have procured petroleum pipes, grid blasters, cranes, dozers, pipe cutters, swamp buggies, tug boats and barges for the company. I have negotiated a development agreement between Oil & Industrial Services...

  4. Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon/14/2008 12:55:54 PM] #12;Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Volume ('000 m3 import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea Reports (commissioned

  5. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES

  6. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

  7. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  8. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  9. The effect of sociocultural factors on the quality of relations of the United States with Hispaniola: analysis of the American military occupation of Haiti and the Dominican Republic (1915-1934)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Fausto B.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECT OF SOCIOCULTURAL FACTORS ON THE QUALITY OF RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES WITH HISPANIOLA: ANALYSIS OF THE AMERICAN MILITARY OCCUPATION OF HAITI AND THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC (1915-1934) A Thesis By FAUSTO B. ALVAREZ Submitted... WITH HISPANIOLA: ANALYSIS OF THE AMERICAN MILITARY OCCUPATION OF HAITI AND THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC (1915-1934) A Thesis by FAUSTO B. ALVAREZ Approved as to style and content by: C arrperson o Co ee) ames H. Copp (Member) Wm. Alex McIntosh (Member) James...

  10. Preliminary Report on the Feeding Habits of Tunas in the Gulf of Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and 72 skipjack tuna ( Katsuwonus pelamis ), captured in the Gulf of Guinea, contained mostly fishes ( Katsuwonus pelamis) are shown in figure 1. During the surveys, 171 yellowfin and 72 skipjack tunas were

  11. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria iraq jordan Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    East Timor Eritrea Ethiopia Haiti Iran Iraq - Kurdish Region Ivory Coast Lebanon Libya Saudi... elsewhere) Jordan Mauritania Niger North Korea Papua New Guinea Peru Qatar...

  12. Studies on the immunosuppressive effects of alpha globulins obtained from guinea pig serum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowart, Richard Elmer

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDIES ON THE IMMUNOSUPP1KSSIVE EFFECTS OF ALPHA GLOBULINS OBTAINED FROM GUINEA PIG SERUM A Thesis by RICHARD ELMER COWART, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1976 Ma)or Subject: Microbiology STUDIES ON THE IFLMUNOSUPPRESSIUE EFFECTS OF ALPHA GLOBULINS OBTAINED FROM GUINEA PIG SERUM A Thesis by RICHARD ELMER COWART, JR. Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman...

  13. High dose rate /sup 60/Co remote afterloading irradiation in cancer of the cervix in Haiti, 1977-1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Streeter, O.E. Jr.; Goldson, A.L.; Chevallier, C.; Nibhanupudy, J.R.

    1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From 1977 through 1984, 293 previously untreated patients with biopsy proven carcinoma of the uterine cervix were treated by whole pelvis irradiation and high intensity 60Co remote afterloading (RAL) intrauterine tandem techniques in Haiti. The treatment results were analyzed retrospectively to evaluate the therapeutic results and prognostic factors of a strict protocol involving 40 Gy to the whole pelvis (2 Gy/day, 5 days/week). In addition, on the 5th day of the 3rd week, the first outpatient 60Co remote afterloading intracavitary insertion, delivering 7.5 Gy to point A with each insertion, repeated 3 times by a week separation for a total of 4 times. The total TDF for external beam plus RAL was 158 and 175 for early and late effects respectively. One hundred-four patients were evaluable after 1 year or more follow-up, with a median of 26.5 months. No evidence of disease (NED) by Stage at 1 year was: Stage I of 100% (3/3), Stage II of 82% (9/11), Stage III of 80% (47/59), and Stage IV of 58% (18/31). The post-therapeutic complication rate was 7.7%, with no fistulas or requirement of surgical intervention. Those with documented follow-up of at least 2 years (74 patients) had comparable survival to other high dose rate and low dose rate studies. This study shows that outpatient brachytherapy can be carried out without sophisticated and expensive equipment with minimal staff trained in radiation therapy. A detailed description of this outpatient RAL technique and results are described so that this method can be adapted to other developing and industrialized nations where cost containment is becoming a key issue.

  14. The Importance of Wellness Examinations for Your Exotic Pet Birds, reptiles, and small pet mammals, such as ferrets, rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, rodents,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , such as ferrets, rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, rodents, hedgehogs, and sugar gliders have the ability to hide

  15. The infectivity of Bunostomum phlebotomum to sheep, rabbits and guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boring, Gary David

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE INFECT1VITY OP BUNOSTOMUM PHLEBOTOMUM TO SHEEP, RABBITS AND GUINEA PIGS A Thesis By GARY DAVID BORING Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1964 Ma]or Sub)cot: Veterinary Parasitology THE INFECTIVITY OF BUNOSTOMUM PHLEBOTOMUM TO SHEEP~ RABBITS AND GUINEA PIGS A Thesis By GARY DAVID BORING Approved as to style and content by: i Ma (Chairman of Committee) /7 ~ 3...

  16. Humans and Volcanoes in Australia and New Guinea. Peter Bindon (1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    as a resource. 1 1. Anthropology Department, Western Australian Museum, Perth 6000 AUSTRALIA 2. CDRADHumans and Volcanoes in Australia and New Guinea. Peter Bindon (1) and Jean-Paul Raynal (2) ,1 de mythes d'aquisition du feu. FIRST COLONIZATION OF AUSTRALIA The occupation of greater Australia

  17. Substrate-limited electron dynamics in graphene S. Fratini1,2 and F. Guinea2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Substrate-limited electron dynamics in graphene S. Fratini1,2 and F. Guinea2 1Institut Néel dynamics in graphene. We find that the quasiparticle spectrum acquires a finite broadening due to the long-range interaction with the polar modes at the interface between graphene and the substrate. This mechanism results

  18. Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe are characterized by low beta diversity, both in tropical and in temperate areas. Location Lowland forests tracking. The community data were analysed for alpha and beta diversity. Results Local (alpha) diversity

  19. REVIEW OF POLYRHACHIS (CYRTOMYRMA) FOREL (HYMENOPTERA: FORMICIDAE: FORMICINAE) OF AUSTRALIA, BORNEO, NEW GUINEA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villemant, Claire

    , NEW GUINEA AND THE SOLOMON ISLANDS WITH DESCRIPTIONS OF NEW SPECIES RUDOLF J. KOHOUT Kohout, R.J. 2006. Kohout, Queensland Museum, PO Box 3300, South Brisbane 4101, Australia (email: kohout@powerup.com.au); 22 (Robson & Kohout, 2005). Examination ofAustralian material revealed several new species, particularly

  20. GONGED (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development of an online facility of images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    122 GONGED (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development Darrow Holloway, J. D., Miller, S. E., Pollock, D. M., Helgen, L. & Darrow, K. (2009): GONGED

  1. The development stories of equatorial Guinea and Botswana : a game theory model of how public-private partnerships can turn resources from a curse into a blessing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rizzati, Valentina

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The growth acceleration episodes characterizing Botswana and Equatorial Guinea were based on the respective discoveries of diamonds and oil. However, while Botswana, already characterized by inclusive and democratic ...

  2. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePriceExpected FutureLeaseEquatorial Guinea

  3. Effect of high oleic acid pork on tissue lipids of guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Tammi Tinker

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hypotheses have been forwarded. In the guinea pig, polyunsaturated fat diets result in increased hepatic LDL-cholesterol binding (9, 24). Dietary saturated fat has been shown to decrease hepatic LDL-cholesterol receptor mediated transport in the hamster...-cholesterol receptors (9, 21) and increase hepatic LDL-cholesterol clearance (28). The effect of saturated fat was shown to decrease the LDL-cholesterol receptor-mediated transport in hamsters (34). These changes of LDL-receptor catabolism of LDL-cholesterol can...

  4. Effect of high oleic acid pork on tissue lipids of guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Tammi Tinker

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECT OF HIGH OLEIC ACID PORK ON TISSUE LIP IDS OF GUINEA PIGS A Thesis by TAMMI TINKER FLYNN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AIIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... diets did not change the rate of receptor- mediated hepatic uptake of LDL-cholesterol in hamsters. Anton (36) summarized a number of studies which used rats and rabbits to show that diets rich in oleic acid caused an increase in liver cholesterol...

  5. Growth and hepatic composition in the guinea pig after long-term parenteral hyperalimentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, C.J.H.; Redmond, D.; Baggs, R.B.; Schecter, A.; Gasiewicz, T.A.

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined the feasibility of maintaining male Hartley guinea pigs on long-term hyperalimentation. Data from animals fed ad libitum, but infused with 0.9% saline, indicated that there was minimal effect from catheter implantation, sepsis, or the infusion of large volumes of fluid. This group compared with animals fed and watered ad libitum demonstrated a nearly identical growth rate serum chemistry, tissue weights, and hepatic composition and morphology. Animals infused with a total parenteral diet demonstrated growth rates of 4.06 +/- 1.46 g/day for up to 25 days. Loss of infused animals was due in varying degrees to sepsis, mechanical failure, improper placement of the cannula, loss of patency, and death from unknown causes. Morphological analysis of animals fed by total parenteral nutrition revealed an altered distribution and increased size of lipid droplets in hepatic parenchymal and Kupffer cells and glycogen accumulation by the parenchymal cells. Decreased hepatic content of total protein and lipid, as well as cytochrome P450, was also observed. Similarly, serum values of triglyceride were decreased in animals fed by the total parenteral diet. This study indicated that the guinea pig fed by hyperalimentation may be a useful animal model for a number of clinical and basic research applications.

  6. Analysis of agonist dissociation constants as assessed by functional antagonism in guinea pig left atria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Molenaar, P.; Malta, E.

    1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In electrically driven guinea pig left atria, positive inotropic responses to (-)-isoprenaline and the selective beta 1-adrenoceptor agonist RO363 were obtained in the absence and in the presence of the functional antagonists adenosine, carbachol, gallopamil, nifedipine, and Ro 03-7894. Each of the functional antagonists reduced the maximum response to both agonists and produced nonparallel rightward shifts in the cumulative concentration effect curves. For both agonists, dissociation constants (KA) were calculated using the equation described by Furchgott (1966) for irreversible antagonism. For RO363, which is a partial agonist with high agonist activity, the equations outlined for functional interaction by Mackay (1981) were also employed to calculate KA values. The KA values obtained by each method were compared with the dissociation constants (KD) for the two agonists determined from their ability to displace the radioligand (-)-(/sup 125/I)iodocyanopindolol from beta 1-adrenoceptors in guinea pig left atrial membrane preparations. The estimates of KA varied substantially from KD values. The KD values were taken as more accurate estimates of the true values for the dissociation constants because a high degree of correlation exists between pKD and pD2 values for a number of other beta-adrenoceptor agonists that behave as partial agonists and between pKD and pKB values for a number of beta-adrenoceptor antagonists. Thus, it appears that there are serious limitations in the current theory for using functional antagonism as a means of obtaining agonist dissociation constants.

  7. The effect of polyunsaturated fatty acid peroxidation on cholesterol concentrations in plasma, aorta, liver, and spleen of the guinea pig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corrigan, Sheila Marie

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biochemistry and Metabolism with Clinical Applications (Linder, M. , ed. ), pp. 33-50, Elsevier Science Publishing Company, Inc. , New York. 20. Stocks, J. & Dormandy, T. (1971) The autoxidation of human red cells lipids induced by 36 hydrogen peroxide...THE EFFECT OF POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACID PEROXIDATION ON CHOLESTEROL CONCENTRAT IONS IN PLASMA AORTA g LIVER g AND SPLEEN OF THE GUINEA PIG A Thesis by SHEILA MARIE CORRIGAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University...

  8. Effects of protein deficiency on superoxide dismutase and immunological competence in peritoneal macrophages of the guinea pig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burch, Troie Ann Pruett

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECTS OF PROTEIN DEFICIENCY ON SUPEROXZDE DIcMUTASE AND LMMUNOLOGZCAL COMPETENCE IN PERITONEAL MACROPHAOES OF THE GUINEA PZG A Thesis By TROZE ANN PRUETT BURCH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in Partial... By TROIE ANN PRUETT BURCH Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of t e Committee) (Head of the Department) (Mam (Member) (Member ) August 1979 ABSTRACT Effects of Protein Deficiency on Superoxide Dismutase and Tmmunologica' Competence...

  9. The role of CCL5 (RANTES) in the immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the guinea pig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skwor, Troy Arthur

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    ) ________________________________ Vernon L. Tesh (Member) December 2004 Major Subject: Medical Sciences iii ABSTRACT The Role of CCL5 (RANTES) in the Immune Response Against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the Guinea Pig. (December 2004) Troy Arthur Skwor, B.... and cytokine/chemokine gene expression was evaluated using real-time PCR. RgpCCL5 stimulated TNF? , IL-1? , CCL2, and CXCL8 mRNA expression and TNF? protein production (as assessed in the L929 cell bioassay) in macrophages. The effect of BCG...

  10. The role of the anaesthetised guinea-pig in the preclinical cardiac safety evaluation of drug candidate compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marks, Louise, E-mail: louise.marks@astrazeneca.com [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Borland, Samantha; Philp, Karen; Ewart, Lorna; Lainée, Pierre; Skinner, Matthew [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Kirk, Sarah [Innovative Medicines, Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Innovative Medicines, Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Valentin, Jean-Pierre [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite rigorous preclinical and clinical safety evaluation, adverse cardiac effects remain a leading cause of drug attrition and post-approval drug withdrawal. A number of cardiovascular screens exist within preclinical development. These screens do not, however, provide a thorough cardiac liability profile and, in many cases, are not preventing the progression of high risk compounds. We evaluated the suitability of the anaesthetised guinea-pig for the assessment of drug-induced changes in cardiovascular parameters. Sodium pentobarbitone anaesthetised male guinea-pigs received three 15 minute intravenous infusions of ascending doses of amoxicillin, atenolol, clonidine, dobutamine, dofetilide, flecainide, isoprenaline, levosimendan, milrinone, moxifloxacin, nifedipine, paracetamol, verapamil or vehicle, followed by a 30 minute washout. Dose levels were targeted to cover clinical exposure and above, with plasma samples obtained to evaluate effect/exposure relationships. Arterial blood pressure, heart rate, contractility function (left ventricular dP/dt{sub max} and QA interval) and lead II electrocardiogram were recorded throughout. In general, the expected reference compound induced effects on haemodynamic, contractility and electrocardiographic parameters were detected confirming that all three endpoints can be measured accurately and simultaneously in one small animal. Plasma exposures obtained were within, or close to the expected clinical range of therapeutic plasma levels. Concentration–effect curves were produced which allowed a more complete understanding of the margins for effects at different plasma exposures. This single in vivo screen provides a significant amount of information pertaining to the cardiovascular risk of drug candidates, ultimately strengthening strategies addressing cardiovascular-mediated compound attrition and drug withdrawal. -- Highlights: ? Evaluation of the anaesthetised guinea-pig to determine cardiac liability. ? Haemodynamic, contractility, ECG parameters and plasma exposure all measurable. ? Single small animal model offering extensive evaluation of a drug's CV risk. ? Potential to strengthen drug discovery cardiovascular strategy. ? Potential to halt progression of drugs with CV liability, reducing drug attrition.

  11. Mast cells in citric acid-induced cough of guinea pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lai, Y.-L. [Department of Physiology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei 100, Taiwan (China)]. E-mail: tiger@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw; Lin, T.-Y. [Department of Physiology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei 100, Taiwan (China)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It was demonstrated previously that mast cells play an important role in citric acid (CA)-induced airway constriction. To investigate the role of mast cells in CA-induced cough, three experiments were carried out in this study. In the first experiment, 59 guinea pigs were employed and we used compound 48/80 to deplete mast cells, cromolyn sodium to stabilize mast cells, MK-886 to inhibit leukotriene synthesis, pyrilamine to antagonize histamine H{sub 1} receptor, methysergide to antagonize serotonin receptor, and indomethacin to inhibit cyclooxygenase. In the second experiment, 56 compound 48/80-pretreated animals were divided into two parts; the first one was used to test the role of exogenous leukotriene (LT) C{sub 4}, while the second one to test the role of exogenous histamine in CA-induced cough. Each animal with one of the above pretreatments was exposed sequentially to saline (baseline) and CA (0.6 M) aerosol, each for 3 min. Then, cough was recorded for 12 min using a barometric body plethysmograph. In the third experiment, the activation of mast cells upon CA inhalation was investigated by determining arterial plasma histamine concentration in 17 animals. Exposure to CA induced a marked increase in cough number. Compound 48/80, cromolyn sodium, MK-886 and pyrilamine, but not indomethacin or methysergide, significantly attenuated CA-induced cough. Injection of LTC{sub 4} or histamine caused a significant increase in CA-induced cough in compound 48/80-pretreated animals. In addition, CA inhalation caused significant increase in plasma histamine concentration, which was blocked by compound 48/80 pretreatment. These results suggest that mast cells play an important role in CA aerosol inhalation-induced cough via perhaps mediators LTs and histamine.

  12. Ascorbic acid suppresses endotoxemia and NF-?B signaling cascade in alcoholic liver fibrosis in guinea pigs: A mechanistic approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abhilash, P.A.; Harikrishnan, R.; Indira, M., E-mail: indiramadambath@gmail.com

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Alcohol consumption increases the small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and intestinal permeability of endotoxin. The endotoxin mediated inflammatory signaling plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. We evaluated the effect of ascorbic acid (AA), silymarin and alcohol abstention on the alcohol induced endotoxemia and NF-?B activation cascade pathway in guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus). Guinea pigs were administered ethanol at a daily dose of 4 g/kg b.wt for 90 days. After 90 days, ethanol administration was stopped. The ethanol treated animals were divided into abstention, silymarin (250 mg/kg b.wt) and AA (250 mg/kg b.wt) supplemented groups and maintained for 30 days. The SIBO, intestinal permeability and endotoxin were significantly increased in the ethanol group. The mRNA expressions of intestinal proteins claudin, occludin and zona occludens-1 were significantly decreased in ethanol group. The mRNA levels of inflammatory receptors, activity of IKK? and the protein expressions of phospho-I?B?, NF-?B, TNF-?, TGF-?{sub 1} and IL-6 were also altered in ethanol group. The expressions of fibrosis markers ?-SMA, ?{sub 1} (I) collagen and sirius red staining in the liver revealed the induction of fibrosis. But the supplementation of AA could induce greater reduction of ethanol induced SIBO, intestinal barrier defects, NF-?B activation and liver fibrosis than silymarin. The possible mechanism may be the inhibitory effect of AA on SIBO, intestinal barrier defect and IKK?, which decreased the activation of NF-?B and synthesis of cytokines. This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis. - Highlights: • Alcohol increases intestinal bacterial overgrowth and permeability of endotoxin. • Endotoxin mediated inflammation plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. • Ascorbic acid reduces endotoxemia, NF-?B activation and proinflammatory cytokines. • AA's action is by inhibition of SIBO, IKK? and alteration of intestinal permeability. • This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis.

  13. Mutations Abrogating VP35 Interaction with Double-Stranded RNA Render Ebola Virus Avirulent in Guinea Pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prins, Kathleen C.; Delpeut, Sebastien; Leung, Daisy W.; Reynard, Olivier; Volchkova, Valentina A.; Reid, St. Patrick; Ramanan, Parameshwaran; Cárdenas, Washington B.; Amarasinghe, Gaya K.; Volchkov, Viktor E.; Basler, Christopher F. (CNRS-INSERM); (Mount Sinai Hospital); (LB-Ecuador); (Iowa State)

    2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Ebola virus (EBOV) protein VP35 is a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) binding inhibitor of host interferon (IFN)-{alpha}/{beta} responses that also functions as a viral polymerase cofactor. Recent structural studies identified key features, including a central basic patch, required for VP35 dsRNA binding activity. To address the functional significance of these VP35 structural features for EBOV replication and pathogenesis, two point mutations, K319A/R322A, that abrogate VP35 dsRNA binding activity and severely impair its suppression of IFN-{alpha}/{beta} production were identified. Solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography reveal minimal structural perturbations in the K319A/R322A VP35 double mutant and suggest that loss of basic charge leads to altered function. Recombinant EBOVs encoding the mutant VP35 exhibit, relative to wild-type VP35 viruses, minimal growth attenuation in IFN-defective Vero cells but severe impairment in IFN-competent cells. In guinea pigs, the VP35 mutant virus revealed a complete loss of virulence. Strikingly, the VP35 mutant virus effectively immunized animals against subsequent wild-type EBOV challenge. These in vivo studies, using recombinant EBOV viruses, combined with the accompanying biochemical and structural analyses directly correlate VP35 dsRNA binding and IFN inhibition functions with viral pathogenesis. Moreover, these studies provide a framework for the development of antivirals targeting this critical EBOV virulence factor.

  14. Haiti-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open EnergyGuntersville ElectricControlon| Open

  15. Haiti: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating AGeothermal/ExplorationGoodsGuangzhou,GuizhouGuyana:Hae

  16. Concentrations of trace and other elements in the organs of wild rats and birds from the Northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapu, M.M.; Schaeffer, D.J. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana (United States)); Akanya, H.O. (Federal Univ. of Technology, Minna (Nigeria)); Ega, R.A.; Olofu, E.O.; Balarabe, M.L. (Ahmadu Bello Univ., Zaria (Nigeria)); Chafe, U.M. (Usmanu Danfodiyo Univ., Sokota (Nigeria))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In regions of human activities, where metal enter local aquatic ecosystems from the atmosphere and through wastewater outfalls, metal concentrations in food chains can exceed natural background levels and be above the threshold levels for sensitive species. Accordingly, metal levels in the organs and tissues of livestock and wildlife have been extensively studied. However, there are no reports of metal concentrations in the organs and tissues of wild animals from the Northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria. The mole rat (Africanthus niloticus, L) and village weaver bird (Ploceus cucullatus, L) contribute significantly to farm crop losses from sowing to harvest. Because there are no industries capable of causing metal contamination in the study area, the present study was undertaken to determine the natural baseline levels of metals for wild rats and birds from this environment.

  17. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries. Volume I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Bourkina (Upper Volta), Brazil, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields, Appendix II, Phytomass Files, and References.

  18. Ropizine concurrently enhances and inhibits ( sup 3 H) dextromethorpan binding to different structures of the guinea pig brain: Autoradiographic evidence for multiple binding sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Canoll, P.D.; Smith, P.R.; and Musacchio, J.M. (N.Y.U. Medical Center, New York (USA))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ropizine produces a simultaneous enhancement and inhibition of ({sup 3}H) dextromethorphan (DM) high-affinity binding to different areas of the guinea pig brain. These results imply that there are two distinct types of high-affinity ({sup 3}H)DM binding sites, which are present in variable proportions in different brain structures. The ropizine-enhances ({sup 3}H)DM binding type was preferentially inhibited by (+)-pentazocine. This is consistent with the presumption that the (+)-pentazocine-sensitive site is identical with the common site for DM and 3-(-3-Hydroxphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine ((+)-3-PPP). The second binding type, which is inhibited by ropizine and is not so sensitive to (+){minus} pentazocine, has not been fully characterized. This study demonstrates that the biphasic effects to ropizine are due, at least in part, to the effects of ropizine on two different types of ({sup 3}H)DM binding sites. However, this study does not rule out that the common DM/(+)-3-PPP site also might be inhibited by higher concentrations of ropizine.

  19. Autoradiographic localization of sigma receptor binding sites in guinea pig and rat central nervous system with (+)3H-3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gundlach, A.L.; Largent, B.L.; Snyder, S.H.

    1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (+)3H-3-PPP ((+)3H-3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)-piperidine) binds with high affinity to brain membranes with a pharmacological profile consistent with that of sigma receptors. The distribution of (+)3H-3-PPP binding sites in brain and spinal cord of both guinea pig and rat has been determined by in vitro autoradiography with binding densities quantitated by computer-assisted densitometry. (+)3H-3-PPP binding to slide-mounted brain sections is saturable and displays high affinity and a pharmacological specificity very similar to sites labeled in homogenates. (+)3H-3-PPP binding sites are heterogeneously distributed. Highest concentrations of binding sites occur in spinal cord, particularly the ventral horn and dorsal root ganglia; the pons-medulla, associated with the cranial nerve and pontine nuclei and throughout the brain stem reticular formation; the cerebellum, over the Purkinje cell layer; the midbrain, particularly the central gray and red nucleus; and hippocampus, over the pyramidal cell layer. Lowest levels are seen in the basal ganglia and parts of the thalamus, while all other areas, including hypothalamus and cerebral cortex, exhibit moderate grain densities. Quinolinic acid-induced lesions of the hippocampus indicate that (+)3H-3-PPP labels hippocampal pyramidal cells and granule cells in the dentate gyrus. Intrastriatal injection of ibotenic acid dramatically reduces (+)3H-3-PPP binding in this area, while injection of 6-hydroxydopamine produces a relatively slight decrease. The distribution of (+)3H-3-PPP binding sites does not correlate with the receptor distribution of any recognized neurotransmitter or neuropeptide, including dopamine. However, there is a notable similarity between the distribution of (+)3H-3-PPP sites and high-affinity binding sites for psychotomimetic opioids, such as the benzomorphan (+)SKF 10,047.

  20. Haiti - Annual Average Wind Speed at 80 meters

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal848 Unlimited Release1/2 HR 1.00 74° 73° 72°

  1. Haiti-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open EnergyGuntersville ElectricControlon| Open Energy

  2. Haiti-Facility for Environmentally Friendly Transport Technology and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating AGeothermal/ExplorationGoodsGuangzhou,GuizhouGuyana:Hae InYingli

  3. Haiti-IAEA Energy Planning | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating AGeothermal/ExplorationGoodsGuangzhou,GuizhouGuyana:Hae InYinglidatabase-

  4. Entangled Roots: Race, Historical Literature, and Citizenship in the Nineteenth-Century Americas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genova, Thomas Francis

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2005. Print. Cave, Damien. “Haiti’s Founding Document FoundGlasse, Jennifer. “Haiti’s Declaration of Independence Foundof the Independence of Haiti. 1804. nationalarchives.gov.uk.

  5. Relational representation : nongovernmental actors in global politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyon, Antony John Pierre

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    earthquake struck just west of Haiti’s capital city, Port-americas/13haiti.html? scp=2&sq=haiti%20earthquake&st=cse ].struggles still facing Haiti six months later, see Deborah

  6. Protesting the contest : election boycotts around the world, 1990-2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beaulieu, Emily Ann

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    America and the Caribbean: Haiti may rue likely poll victoryEast, Africa & Latin America: Haiti’s Aristide heads for15. Gonzalez, David. 2000. Haiti’s President-Elect Pledges

  7. Matched Pairs Procedures Two Sample Procedures General Guidelines t Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watkins, Joseph C.

    this, researchers randomly chose a collection of bags of wheat soy blend bound for Haiti, marked them blend. Factory Haiti Factory Haiti Factory Haiti Factory Haiti 44 40 45 38 39 43 50 37 50 37 32 40 52 38, respectively, at the factory and in Haiti. > t.test(factory, haiti, alternative = c("greater"),mu = 0, paired

  8. Copyrighted Material Create Dangerously: The Immigrant Artist at Work

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    , 1964, in Port au Prince, Haiti, a huge crowd gathered to witness an execution. The president of Haiti Jeune Haiti, or Young Haiti, and were two of thirteen Haitians who left the United States for Haiti. The men of Jeune Haiti spent three months fighting in the hills and mountains of southern Haiti

  9. Zombies--A Pop Culture Resource for Public Health Awareness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nasiruddin, Melissa; Halabi, Monique; Dao, Alexander; Chen, Kyle; Brown, Brandon

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    visual art of magic in Haiti. In: Cosentino DJ, ed. Sacredprominent in western Africa, Haiti, New Orleans, and partszombie) is rather common in Haiti, with instances of people

  10. Another Map, another History, another Modernity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chambers, Iain Michael

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buck-Morss, Susan. Hegel, Haiti, and Universal History.Modernity Disavowed. Haiti and the Cultures of Slavery inbetween Hegel and Haiti, between European idealist

  11. Toward a Philosophy of Transnationalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Laura

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Maingot, Anthony P.  “Haiti and the Terrified Consciousness Domingue (eventually  Haiti) had particularly dramatic a rupture of relations within Haiti and France, as well as 

  12. Figuring the Human : : Aesthetics, Politics and the Humanity to Come

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Alexander Ezekiel

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    294 Hegel, Haiti and Zombies: Universality and itszombie that originates in Haiti. While I draw deeply onit emerges in colonial Haiti. In my chapter on the Chinese

  13. The cultural politics of Evangelical Christianity in the Dominican Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Brendan Jamal

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dolores 1988 “Rara in Haiti,” in Caribbean Festival Arts,1980 “Pentecostalism in Haiti: Healing and Hierarchy,” inReligion and Politics in Haiti” in Nation Dance: Religion,

  14. Male Heroism, Demonic Pigs, and Memories of Violence in the Haitian-Dominican Borderlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derby, Lauren Robin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    39. Michael Dash, ed. , Haiti Anthology: Libete, Princeton:official border between Haiti and the Dominican Republic.is actually a person. In Haiti, such accusations that beef

  15. Dominicanas presentes : gender, migration, and history's legacy in Dominican literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramirez, Dixa

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2004. Print. Dayan, Joan. Haiti, History, and the Gods.Dominican Republic Aid to Haiti Eases Historic Tensions. ”Desarrollo, 2004. Print. Haiti & the Dominican Republic: An

  16. Excerpt from Black Cosmopolitanism: Racial Consciousness and Transnational Identity in the Nineteenth-Century Americas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nwankwo, Ifeoma Kiddoe

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    45. Frederick Douglass, “Haiti and the Haitian People: Anenact   emigration   to   Haiti.   Holly   celebrates  Americans  to  emigrate  to  Haiti,  by  saying   It   may  

  17. Re-storying Justice: Questions of Citizenship, Home, and Belonging in Amy Serrano’s The Sugar Babies (2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pulitano, Elvira

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2008. 23-33. Print. “Haiti and the Dominican Republic: Aearthquake that struck Haiti in January 2010, thepersonal connection with Haiti for several generations and

  18. Adversarial Diplomacy and African American Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams II, Ronald Cartell

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2002); An Unbroken Agony: Haiti from Revolution to theRandall. An Unbroken Agony: Haiti from Revolution to theworks, An Unbroken Agony: Haiti from Revolution to the

  19. Control and Intervention of Cholera Outbreaks in Refugee Camps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sim, Christianna

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    D. (2012, March 31). In Haiti, global failures on a choleraabout cholera prevention in Haiti. UNICEF. Retrieved fromcampaign poster from Haiti during the cholera outbreak of

  20. Narratives of Contamination: Representations of Race, Gender, and Disease in Nineteenth Century Cuban Fiction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zander, Jessica Selene

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Print. “Cholera cripples Haiti, two years after quake. ” 6Dominican Republic, Haiti in 10-Year Cholera Fight. ” Newamericas/ap-cb- dominican-haiti-cholera.html? hp>. Dos

  1. Localizing Hybridity: The Politics of Place in Contemporary Cuban Rumba Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bodenheimer, Rebecca Marina

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Music Festival, Live in Haiti. Global Beat Records. VariousPopular Music and Power in Haiti. Chicago: University of1999 “Caribbean Musics: Haiti and Trinidad and Tobago. ” In

  2. Aluminum across the Americas: Caribbean Mobilities and Transnational American Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheller, Mimi

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modernity Disavowed: Haiti and the Cultures of Slavery inAmerica Rises Against Them,” Haiti Analysis, 27 July 2012,and Peasant Radicalism in Haiti and Jamaica. London and

  3. Les ombres noires de Saint Domingue: The Impact of Black Women on Gender and Racial Boundaries in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Robin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sara Flounders, and Kim Ives. Haiti, a Slave Revolution: 200Fick, Carolyn E. The Making of Haiti: The Saint Domingue119-138. ________. “ ________.Haiti and the Abolitionists:

  4. Representations of Race, Entanglements of Power: Whiteness, Garveyism, and Redemptive Geographies in Costa Rica, 1921-1950

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leeds, Asia

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modernity Disavowed: Haiti and the Cultures of Slavery inAlthough negative tropes of Haiti and Africa were used tosecond republic in the Americas, Haiti “realized a complete

  5. Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJumpEnergy InformationGrupo

  6. Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJumpEnergy InformationGrupo(Redirected from ECOWAS

  7. Equatorial Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision|LLC

  8. Zora’s Politics: A Brief Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell II, Ernest Julius

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the corpse of Sam: “it was the deliverer of Haiti. . . .stump of Sam’s body was to quell Haiti’s internal foes, whohad become more dangerous to Haiti than anyone else” (337).

  9. Kode Dansk English AD Andorra ANDORRA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AND MCDONALD ISLANDS HN Honduras HONDURAS HR Kroatien CROATIA HT Haiti HAITI HU Ungarn HUNGARY ID Indonesien

  10. Z 0 I 0 To.b\\e.. of(.ovltevit ~"9\\e,~IOV' .t~4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yan

    students and employees raised nearly $17,000 for Haiti reliefefforts. HAITI RELIEF FUND Health care reform

  11. Why Has the Number of International Non-Governmental Organizations Exploded since 1960?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Edward A L

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    15 April 2010. Rebuilding Haiti: Dreaming beyond the rubble.A few months after the Haiti earthquake, the “Republic of

  12. "with social change comes great responsibility"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tinsay, Sabrina

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of waterborne diseases in Haiti through use of the Tulipthe Fondwa commu- nity in Haiti in the aftermath of the

  13. Two New Species of Amphisbaena (Reptilia: Squamata: Amphisbaenidae) from the Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hedges, Blair

    @uprrp.edu ABSTRACT.--Hispaniola and its included islands of Ile de la Gonave and Grande Cayemite are currently not previ- ously reported for Antillean Amphisbaena. KEYWORDS.--Hispaniola, West Indies, Amphisbaenia), Hispaniola (five), and Puerto Rico (five). The genus is absent from Ja- maica, the Bahamas, and other island

  14. Analysis for the Design of a Sustainable Housing Complex in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dinka, M.; Cho, S.

    adverse health and environmental problems. This means keeping the conventional comfort and environment conditions in housing by using natural sources of energy, like sun and wind, to provide natural heating, cooling, ventilation, lighting, and water...

  15. DIGGING THE ROOTS or Resistance and identity politics of the mouvman rasin in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayaram, Kiran C.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that then applied moral pressure on the authorities.87 Former political prisoner Patrick Lemoine describes an interesting performance by the other prisoners as one leaped up and shouted, “Ladies and gentlemen! The Group of Hope from Fò Dimanch is going...

  16. Solar-driven humidification dehumidification desalination for potable use in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liburd, Shannon Omari

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Worldwide water scarcity, especially in the developing world, provides the impetus for utilizing inexpensive desalination technologies on a wider scale to contribute to freshwater supply. Small-scale desalination technologies, ...

  17. Performance of Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti, Part 2: Results from the Controlled Cooking Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lask, Kathleen

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a covered pot, the beans and water were brought to a boil.to separate the beans and the water, both of which were keptbeans ? 1400 g strained water from cooked bean dish (if the

  18. The Haiti Earthquake: Disaster Lessons and Response from an Emergency Medicine Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Sharon; Tenny, Montessa

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Response from an Emergency Medicine Perspective Sharon Lee,of California Irvine School of Medicine, Departmentof Emergency Medicine, Orange, CA The 7.0 earthquake on

  19. High depth, whole-genome sequencing of cholera isolates from Haiti and the Dominican Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gire, Stephen

    AbstractBackgroundWhole-genome sequencing is an important tool for understanding microbial evolution and identifying the emergence of functionally important variants over the course of epidemics. In October 2010, a severe ...

  20. Haiti-Designing and Communicating Low Carbon Energy Roadmaps for Small

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJumpEnergyStrategy | Open EnergyHackberry,gateway |Island

  1. Haiti-Low-Carbon Energy Roadmaps for the Greater Antilles | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJumpEnergyStrategy | Open EnergyHackberry,gateway

  2. Phytologia (April 2008) 90(1) 103 THE EVOLUTION OF CARIBBEAN JUNIPERUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    ; J. lucayana from Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica and the Bahamas; J. gracilior Pilger from Haiti and Dominican Republic; J. ekmanii Florin from Haiti; and J. urbaniana Pilger & Ekman from Haiti. Carabia (1941, Cuba, Jamaica, likely extinct in Haiti), J. gracilior (endemic to Hispaniola), J. gracilior var

  3. Earth qu ake Hazard, Scien ce & Seren dipitySeren dipity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of 23NCEO Meeting, Leicester, Septem ber 2 0 1 02008, Sichuan, China 2010, Haiti #12;Haiti M7Haiti M7 3 of 23NCEO Meeting, Leicester, Septem ber 2 0 1 0 #12;50,00050,000 Post Haiti Average for 2000 ~17 per century 60+thiscenturylikely60+thiscenturylikely 5 per century Haiti 6 of 23NCEO Meeting

  4. Fixing Failed States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, John

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Islands 15. Timor-Leste 16. Haiti 17. Sao Tome and PrincipePakistan 11. Ivory Coast 12. Haiti 13. Burma 14. Kenya 15.In Somalia, Rwanda, Haiti, and the former Yugoslavia, failed

  5. Performable Nations: Music and Literature in Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Cuba, Brazil, and the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beyer, Bethany

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934. ” Phylon 43.2 (1982):From Saint-Domingue to Haiti: To Live Again or to Live atThe Culture and Customs of Haiti. Westport, CT: Greenwood P,

  6. Magic and Mesmerism in Saint Domingue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Kieran

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jean. Les marrons de la Haiti: H. Deschamps, 1988. Gauld,of what Vodou site in Haiti. In the 1780s, the firstreligion of the people Haiti, Vodou dates back to the times

  7. Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program FY 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Todd

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a Fuel-Efficient Cook Stove for Haiti A. Gadgil, K .Cookstove Dissemination in Haiti: Improving CollaborationW B T for Charcoal Stoves for Haiti," draft L B L Technical

  8. Conjuring Freedom: Reconstructions and Revisions of Neo-Slave Narratives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, Christine Lupo

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pp. 97. Dayan, Joan. Haiti, History, and the Gods.Horse: Voodoo and Life in Haiti and Jamaica. 1938. Reprint,Horsemen: The Living Gods of Haiti (1953; reprint, Kingston,

  9. 21st Century Zombies: New Media, Cinema, and Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Joanne Marie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Métraux, Alfred. Voodoo in Haiti. Trans. Hugo Charteris. Newthe Law: Vodou and Power in Haiti. Chicago: University ofMy Horse: Voodoo and Life in Haiti and Jamaica. New York:

  10. Rethinking Bondage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finch, Aisha; Chatterjee, Piya

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Carolyn. The Making of Haiti: The Saint Domingue RevolutionModernity Disavowed: Haiti and the Cultures of Slavery insuch as Mauritania, India, Haiti, and Nepal. While in no way

  11. The Men Who Would Be King: Forgotten Challenges to U.S. Sovereignty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clanton, Adam

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the United States and Haiti. Although the United StatesPeter Duncan sighted it, Haiti maintains that it controlsUNESCO COURIER, Dec. 1998, at 13. Haiti argues that "France

  12. MONDAY, NOVEMBER 17 Global Photo Competition Winners Reception

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    project by Andy Lin, to highlight current issues of development in Haiti, and a panel discussion including a quick review of UF in Haiti and a showcase of work currently done in Haiti by various organizations

  13. Identity against Totality: the Counterdiscourse of Separation beyond the Decolonial Turn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciccariello-Maher IV, George Joseph

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a history of the revolution in Haiti, but simultaneously ofModernity Disavowed: Haiti and the Cultures of Slavery inFrance and pre-independence Haiti: white colonists are to

  14. Lost : 2,938 miles and 42 years away

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oring, Sheryl

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Port-au-Prince, Haiti. 42 years April 7, 1968 to Junes devastating earthquake in Haiti. While San Diego is 2,938that would deliver it to Haiti. At first, this was not meant

  15. Studying Fictional Representations of History in the L2 Classroom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tegmark, Mats

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    about the country of Haiti or the island of Hispaniola. Inover the evening news, and Haiti and its people once againenormous media coverage that Haiti got during those weeks in

  16. Inventing Haitian Art: How Visitors Shaped Cultural Production From Occupation to Renaissance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haffner, Peter

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    E. Scott, The Citadel, Haiti, 1931. Oil, 18x22 inchesBellegarde-Smith, Patrick. Haiti: The Breached Citadel. Rev.Ingalls. The Art of Haiti. Philadelphia: Art Alliance Press,

  17. Excerpt from Negro Comrades of the Crown: African Americans and the British Empire Fight the U.S. before Emancipation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horne, Gerald

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    many of his compatriots in Haiti. Clarkson sug- gested thatI should greatly prefer Haiti to Africa. ” But he remainedhimself as an “agent” of Haiti. “O happy England! ” he

  18. (Re) framing the nation : the Afro -Cuban challenge to Black and Latino struggles for American identity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gosin, Monika

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Girard, Philippe. (2004). Clinton in Haiti: The 1994 U.S.Invasion of Haiti. Gordonsville, VA: Palgrave Macmillan.nation in the world, Haiti has been a powerful symbol of

  19. Evolutionary genomics of divergence and adaptation within the model fungi Neurospora crassa and Neurospora tetrasperma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellison, Christopher

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    JW57 Panama JW56 Venezuela Haiti JW49 JW52 JW5 D88 JW47 D56and Caribbean (Florida, Haiti, Yucatan) populations,Dettman, J. Carrefour Dufort, Haiti grass D59 a Dettman, J.

  20. Tests in Time: A Review of Natural Experiments of History, edited by Jared Diamond and James A. Robinson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Currie, Thomas E

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    wants to understand why Haiti is such a poor, underdevelopedside of the island which Haiti inhabits. Secondly, the twoThe richer France ruled Haiti and was able to buy and import

  1. Whole genome sequencing and comparative genomic analyses of two Vibrio cholerae O139 Bengal-specific Podoviruses to other N4-like phages reveal extensive genetic diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Update: outbreak of cholera -–Haiti, 2010. MMWR Morb MortalMeeting cholera’s challenge to Haiti and the world: a jointUpdate on cholera -– Haiti, Dominican Republic, and Florida.

  2. Health Travels: Cuban Health(care) On and Off the Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Nancy

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cuban medical cooperation in Haiti: one of the world’s best-Cuba considera ayuda a Haiti prioritaria’, (2010, January>. ‘Cuban doctors in Haiti boost integral assistance’ (2010,

  3. “Fear of an Arab Planet”: The Sounds and Rhythms of Afro-Arab Internationalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lubin, Alex

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    UP, 2003. “Gazans Raise Aid for Haiti,” Ma’an News Agency 212004. Obama, Barack. “Why Haiti Matters. ” Newsweek 15 Jan.shook the country of Haiti, non- governmental organizations

  4. Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program FY2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ed, Todd Hansen

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of charcoal cookstoves for Haiti, Part 1: Results from Watera Fuel-Efficient Cookstove for Haiti K. Lask, K. Booker, Cof charcoal cookstoves for Haiti: Part 2: Results from

  5. Plantation states : region, race, and sexuality in the cultural memory of the U.S. South, 1900-1945

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steeby, Elizabeth Anna

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    My Horse: Voodoo Life in Haiti and Jamaica. New York: HarperThe U.S. Occupation of Haiti: 1915-1934. New Brunswick, NJ:The U.S. Occupation of Haiti: 1915-1934. 43 See Plummer,

  6. A Case Study of Collaboration Between A Culturally Responsive Urban High School Teacher and A Haitian Teaching Artist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Childs-Davis, Faith

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Life in 21st Century Haiti, offered rich content for theDeath and Life in 20th Century Haiti,” was selected for thisI learned a lot about Haiti and Haitian culture, but I went

  7. The Heroic Framing of US Foreign Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Emily D.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the 1994-1995 invasion of Haiti, the 1995 joint interventionEl Salvador, Grenada, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia,US became concerned about Haiti after the 1990 election of

  8. Three Takes on Responding to Crisis as Berkeley’s CED Turns 50

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wegmann, Jake

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    had struck Port- au-Prince, Haiti only weeks before. Dr.the on-the-ground realities of Haiti and emphasized that thepolitical consequences. Second, Haiti must quickly build up

  9. Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edmondson, Belinda; Francis, Donette; Neptune, Harvey

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    one hand and places like Haiti and Argentina on the other.communities like Haiti, but their early twentieth centurypublished histories in which Haiti was featured as a New

  10. Visualizing Global Inequality on the Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Ian; Lodha, S K; Crow, Ben D; Fulfrost, Brian

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    5 countries (China, Chile, Haiti, UK, and USA) over the timecountries (Chile, Chile, Haiti, and UK) for the time periodthe world rankings for Haiti and China for life expectancy,

  11. Exhuming caliban : gothic and madness in late twentieth and twenty-first - century Caribbean literary fictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escudero, Andrew Mario

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Horse: Voodoo and Life in Haiti and Jamaica. Ed. Henry LouisHorse: Voodoo and Life in Haiti and Jamaica, Ralph Ellison’sdeveloping nations” such as Haiti, Mexico and Ghana, and

  12. A Book to Hold the Event: "Acting Out" and "Working Through" Loss in Victor Hugo's Bug-Jargal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruetz, Julianne Dolores

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Print. Ferrer, Ada. “Talk about Haiti: The Archive and the1997): 251-265. Print. “Haiti: The Haitian Revolution. ”account of his experiences in Haiti—then known as the French

  13. Control and Intervention of Cholera Outbreaks in Refugee Camps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sim, Christianna

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    associated with epidemic in Hispaniola. Emergency Infectionscholera outbreaks in Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominicanepidemic in the island of Hispaniola–Haiti and the Dominican

  14. CX-008556: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Haiti Renewable Resource Study CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 07/23/2012 Location(s): Haiti Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  15. Princeton in Latin America Fellows (20132014) Argemira Florez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    transition and was fostered in college through her involvement with the Vassar Haiti Project, a student in northwest Haiti. Mai completed a si

  16. About the Contributors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    U.S. African Americans, Haiti, and Pan Americanism, 1870–and the editor of The Idea of Haiti: Rethinking Crisis and

  17. U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  18. U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayNov-14 Dec-14 Jan-155-2015

  19. Papua New Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump2011) |PanasonicPapaloteEnergyPapua

  20. Papua New Guinea Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, NewPalisades Park,Panthersville, Georgia:Paper

  1. Guinea-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open Energy InformationGettopGuilford, Maine: EnergyForestry,

  2. OAiC RiDGE NATIONAL LABORAl-ORY LKCKKBSP HAITI MANA%ED AND OPERATED BY

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City, Arizona, DisposalFourthN V O 1 8 7 +New York, New6 O E F9OH42 -7

  3. Parallel worlds: empirical region and place

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, Of The

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    vegetation dynamics in Hispaniola: a comparison of Haiti andunits. The exceptions, Hispaniola and Saint Martin, are

  4. 808 nature geoscience | VOL 3 | NOVEMBER 2010 | www.nature.com/naturegeoscience Backstory | focus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    How did you end up working in Haiti? On 7 January 2010, an unusual e-mail arrived in my office from Jamaica into Haiti. So extending my research to Haiti was a natural fit. I jumped at the opportunity to join the Haiti study. What was the objective of the work? Originally our objectives were basic

  5. Pierre Y. Julien The Impact of Sedimentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    : Haiti. 1. Upland Sediment Sources Upper Basin: high-elevation snowpack; snowmelt runoff Diverse: Sediment Impact in Haiti Example: Peligre Dam in Haiti #12;8 CASC2D-SED Modeling 2004 CASC2D-SED Modeling;9 Watershed Deforestation CASC2D-SED Modeling 2004 Haiti River Sedimentation Problems Can Be Important Peligre

  6. Critical Communications During and After a Solar Superstorm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    environment ·The ability to communicate can mean the difference between LIFE AND DEATH #12;5 MERS Task Force-Haiti Mission Support Toussaint L'Ouverture International Airport, Port- au-Prince, Haiti U.S. Embassy, Port-au-Prince, Haiti Wide-Area Search and Rescue Support Port-au-Prince, Haiti Land Mobile Radio (LMR) TEAM 2 personnel

  7. Inter-establishment agency for research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    energies Earthquake / Haiti. Students / Haiti. SUD EXPERT PLANTES programme / Madagascar. After four years distance learning plan was set up with AUF4 , and research topics matching Haiti's priority needs were a website should function as a monitoring post featuring all the work achieved in Haiti. AIRD was also

  8. Office of Global Public Health www.globalhealth.utah.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Healing Hands for Haiti "Caring for the Physically Disabled of Haiti of Haiti Pre- and Post-Earthquake" Jeffrey Randle, MD Founder, Healing Hands for Haiti Tuesday November 19, 2013 5:30 p.m. - 6:30 p.m. "Identifying

  9. Bihn Quang Le *06 Regional Schools Committee Chair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bou-Zeid, Elie

    class role with her deep interest in participating in relief for Haiti, immediately accepted-commencement volunteer stint painting murals in Haiti. The Class of 2010 will be sponsoring the Haiti Relief Lunch Haitian lunch. All proceeds will benefit health and education relief efforts in Haiti. #12;

  10. Phytologia (December 2010) 92(3) 413 DISCOVERY OF A NEW POPULATION OF JUNIPERUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    ). Previously, the taxon has been known from only one location on the slopes of Pic La Selle, Haiti. The new DR, Haiti, where it grows as a prostrate plant in the pine forest on an unusual #12;Phytologia (December of the shrubby junipers to J. gracilior var. urbaniana from Haiti, J. g. var. ekmanii (Florin) R. P. Adams, Haiti

  11. Foreign Fishery Developments Inter-American Development Bank Lends To

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foreign Fishery Developments Inter-American Development Bank Lends To EI Salvadore and Haiti in Haiti . The tech- nical cooperation, granted to the Re- public of Haiti, will be used by the Ministry to provide reliable information on the potential of Haiti's fish resources. If their existence and viab ility

  12. Moscosoa 2(1), 1983, pp. 77-89 THE JUNIPERS (JUNIPERUS; CUPRESSACEAE) OF HISPANIOLA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    to be extant at the type locality on top of Pic La Selle, Haiti. The juniperscollected from Hispaniola appear la Selle, Haiti. Junipers from the Pelempito region of the Dominican Republicand from northern Haiti existe todavia en su lugar tipico en la cima del Pic La Selle, Haiti. Las sabinas recolectadas en la

  13. Department of African Languages and Literature University of Wisconsin-Madison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    , Venezuela, Cuba, Trinidad, Tobago, Puerto Rico, and Haiti. Yoruba is of significant interest to linguists

  14. A comparative analysis of emissions from bagasse charcoal and wood charcoal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramírez, Andrés, 1982-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Haiti is the poorest country in the Western hemisphere and is in need of cheap cooking fuel source. Currently, lump charcoal, the cooking fuel of Haiti, is made by carbonizing trees in ditches before selling the charcoal ...

  15. Improvement of kiln design and combustion/carbonization timing to produce charcoal from agricultural waste in Developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Jason A. (Jason Alexander)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Current economic conditions in third world countries like Haiti are so poor that the majority of the population has no access to energy sources that people in the first world take for granted. In Haiti the last two percent ...

  16. Corporate social responsibility: learning from the BP oil spill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in China and Haiti in the next five years, arguing that there are plenty of places in the U.S. where trees would improve the quality of life in low-income areas or taking issue with the company's selected Haiti charity partner Yele Haiti, which has come under scrutiny for its fiscal practices. Others wondered why

  17. ^^^ . v5 7^ Geographical Index to Collecting Stations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -2668 Puerto Rico." Insert 2639-2668 Puerto Rico , Table 1 (page 10): Delete "5410-5429 Haiti" thru "5443-5449 Dominican Republic." Insert 5410-5412 Haiti , 5413-5449 South Bahamas o Table 3 (page 13): Delete "218-5449 . Table 5 (page 24): Under "Haiti, OREGON," delete 5410-5429. Insert 5410-5412. Table 5 (page 24): Under

  18. gpis bulletinJan. 10, 2011 Volume 5, Issue 15 Important Dates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to Port-au- Prince, Haiti, and interviewed military and civilian members stationed on the island about American peacekeepers and on the other side the UN's response to sexual and gender based violence in Haiti. Alongside military troops and other NGO workers, Renata visited several dif- ferent UN bases in Haiti

  19. Office of Global Public Health www.globalhealth.utah.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    November 12, 2013 5:30 - 6:30 p.m. "Healing Hands for Haiti: Caring for the Physically Disabled of Haiti Pre- and Post-Earthquake" Jeffrey Randle, MD Founder, Healing Hands for Haiti Tuesday December 10, 2013 5:30 - 6:30 p.m. "The

  20. Exploring Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) for Emergency Management: Toward a Wiki GIS Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Chen

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    for PaP before the earthquake. ...................................................... 73 Figure 12. OSM for Haiti PaP as of 02/05/2010. ..................................................... 74 Figure 13. Total volunteers for Haiti OSM as of 01... contributions. ........................... 94 Figure 29. OSM users with their contributions. ....................................................... 95 Figure 30. Registered OSM user for Haiti project with nationalities. ...................... 96...

  1. Migration for Environmentally Displaced Pacific Peoples: Legal Options in the Pacific Rim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tabucanon, Gil Marvel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in hundreds of deaths" in Haiti. 63 The Ad- ministration of55 nitude 7 earthquake in Haiti which killed up to 230,000O-1oNs FoR PosF-EARTHQUAKI HAITI 10 (June 2011), available

  2. Pathogenicity of a soil-derived Aspergillus fumigatus isolate for normal and immunosuppressed guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenyon, Elaina Marie

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) recent or concurrent broad spectrum antibiotic therapy, and (5) acute leukemic relapse or organ transplant acute rejection (2). IPA has been most frequently reported secondary to hematologi c malignancies, parti cul arly acute lymphocytic leukemia... and acute myelogenous leukemi a (21). In one study of the records of 65 consecutive patients who died of leukemia, 15 percent were found to have had IPA (25). IPA has also been reported frequently in organ transplant patients undergoing intensi- fied...

  3. Characterization of guinea pig transfer factor collected by In vivo exposure to antilymphocyte gamma globulin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Robert Stanley

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abbreviations used in this thesis; DNCB, 2, 4-dinitrochloro- benzene; KLH, keyhole limpet hemocyanin; DNFBp 2p4-dinitroflouro- benzene; DS, double stranded; SS, single stranded; BCG, Bacille Calmette-Guerin; PPD, purified protein derivative; ALS, anti..., 8, 10, 36-39), diphtheria toxoid (11), coccidioidin (13, 40-42), histoplasmin (13, 41, 42), keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) (38), Candida antigens (14), bacterial spores (40, 41. , , modified serum components (44), mumps virus, leprosy bacillus...

  4. T cell response to oral immunization with cow's milk proteins in guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chitla, Suhasini Reddy

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is transported to the cell surface, where it is then accessible to the T cell. B cells, the precursors of antibody-secreting cells, can also present antigen to T cells, however macrophages probably play the predominant role as APC's in the initial or primary... of activation, In addition, macromolecules might gain access into the systemic circulation &om the gut lumen because of increased permeability of the mucosa after local anaphylaxis (52). There is no evidence that type II, or antibody-dependent, cytotoxicity...

  5. A Quest for Insularity: Thomas Forrest's _Voyage to New Guinea, and the Moluccas_

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorlertratna, Panida

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the fall of 1773, Samuel Johnson and James Boswell recordedto the Hebrides with Samuel Johnson, LL.D. (1785) reproduceLondon: Verso, 2007. Johnson, Samuel, and James Boswell. A

  6. Growth of New Guinea impatiens under no-leach drip irrigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pannkuk, Timothy Richard

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the same fertility rate. In post-production studies following both experiments, all plants continued to grow and flower. In a third experiment, plants were grown under a no leach irrigation regime and the 12-3-4 fertility rate with six different media (peat...

  7. The response of New Guinea impatiens to varying salinity levels in a subirrigation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, Nancy Morgan

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Subirrigation is an alternative irrigation method for greenhouse crops. Lack of leaching poses the problem of high salt buildup in the root zone. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of saline irrigation water on a greenhouse...

  8. Rabbit response to intravenously injected chicken and guinea pig gamma globulins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Thomas Milton

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to obtain antisera for each gamma globulin. The injection material consisted of individual alum precipitated fluids prepared by mixing a 3. 0/ solution of the respec- tive gamma globulins and a 1% alum solution (KA1(SO4)2 ' 12H20) in a 1:1 ratio... and flocculating with a 0. 1N NaOH solution. One intravenous injection per day of the alum precipitated protein was given every other day for a total of three injections (the first injection was 1 ml. , the second 1. 5 ml. and the third 2. 0 ml. ). The animals...

  9. Recognition and Strangeness in Marine Environmental Encounters on New Guinea's Far Western Coast /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ian Nicholas

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solomon Islands. Environmental Conservation 31:69-83.a dispute over environmental conservation projects betweenhorizons of environmental conservation projects between

  10. The growth of New Guinea impatiens with controlled-release fertilizer in a recirculating subirrigation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Daphne Ladean

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With concerns increasing over the supply and quality of water, pressure on greenhouse growers to use water and fertilizers more efficiently is also increasing. Controlled-release fertilizers (CRF) and recirculating subordination systems...

  11. Guinea Worm Advance Ghana has passed a milestone in its ef-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Mark

    microfluidic chip) allows for early detection of infectious diseases in resource-limited and remote regions

  12. Two new species of Bennaria Melichar, 1914 (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Cixiidae, Bennini) from Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Two new species of Bennaria Melichar, 1914 (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Cixiidae, Bennini) from Papua's thesis dissertation ("Community structure of Au- chenorrhyncha (Hemiptera: Insecta) along an altitudinal

  13. Recognition and Strangeness in Marine Environmental Encounters on New Guinea's Far Western Coast /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ian Nicholas

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    5; Boellstorff 2002:29; Graeber 2001:45). My examination ofen Volkenkunde 150:23-145. Graeber, David 2001 Toward an

  14. A Quest for Insularity: Thomas Forrest's _Voyage to New Guinea, and the Moluccas_

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorlertratna, Panida

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stevenson, Robert Louis. Treasure Island. Ed. Wendy R. Katz.Louis Stevenson’s Treasure Island (1883). Ironically, thebeen marooned on the Treasure Island for years, is found on

  15. Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million Cubic Feet) 3 0 0 0 156 57 61 76 673 12 12 9 19per

  16. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousand CubicCubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar AprThousand

  17. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site. IfProved(MillionPrice8.PDFThousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan

  18. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayNov-142,234 2,373 2,834DecadeFeet)

  19. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality",Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New EnglandReserves (BillionImportYear

  20. Papua New Guinea-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump2011) |PanasonicPapalote

  1. Papua New Guinea-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump2011) |PanasonicPapaloteEnergy

  2. Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, NewPalisades Park,Panthersville,

  3. Papua New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, NewPalisades Park,Panthersville,Information

  4. Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) JumpPalcan s

  5. Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar AprYearperThousandDollars per Thousand

  6. The Fear of French Negroes: Transcolonial Collaboration in the Revolutionary Americas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Sara E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as Santiago de Cuba, Tampico, Campeche, the Floridas, Haiti,his followers had named Campeche, Laffite writes, “Everyone151–52 calypso, 156 Campeche, Mexico, 98 Campos Taváres,

  7. Protecting Environmentally-Sensitive Areas and Promoting Tourism in "The Back Patio of the United States:" Thoughts about Shared Responsibilities in Ecosystem and Biodiversity Protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, Colin

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1/3 of the island of Hispaniola, namely Haiti, nearly 90% ofonly on the island of Hispaniola, has been in existence for

  8. Imagining Cultures: The Transnational Imaginary in Postrace America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldívar, Ramón

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    arrival of Europeans on Hispaniola unleashed the fukú on thesister-nation on the island of Hispaniola, Haiti, fukú is a

  9. Studying Fictional Representations of History in the L2 Classroom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tegmark, Mats

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Haiti or the island of Hispaniola. In less than a week ofWar and the island of Hispaniola during the terror of

  10. Systematics and Ethnobotany of Salvia Subgenus Calosphace and Origins of the Hallucinogenic Sage, Salvia divinorum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jenks, Aaron Allon

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    endemic to the island of Hispaniola (10 spp), for which weupon the islands of Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominicanendemic to the island of Hispaniola. Staminal Evolution in

  11. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh cuba Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Guyana Philippines Bahrain Haiti Qatar Bangladesh India Russia Belarus... Republic of Libya Togo Congo, Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Cuba Madagascar Turkey Cyprus, northern part...

  12. Humanity Must Be Defended: War, Politics and Humanitarian Relief in Iraq, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Adrian

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Haiti, Somalia, Iraqi Kurdistan and Cambodia. A few oldprovinces into “Iraqi Kurdistan” in the wake of Operationsometimes called Iraqi Kurdistan). The NGO representatives

  13. President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    worked to support human rights defenders in countries as diverse as Russia, Zimbabwe, Iran, Cuba, China, Uganda, Haiti, the Philippines, El Salvador and Egypt. He also has been...

  14. Jefferson Lab Leadership Council - Michael Dallas

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Force in Mogadishu, Somalia, served as deputy commander, Multinational Forces in Haiti, and as assistant division commander, 10th Mountain Division. Dallas served in key...

  15. The effects of protein deprivation on alveolar immunity in BCG-vaccinated and non-vaccinated guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimball, Milton Scott

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Il OOH'IHOI Ie ~ I 52 CHOW Ie I) . 11140 j$ . 110ee . 10041 ONOO 04040 2 4 WEEKS POST CNALLENCE Figure 15. Ef'feet of' Diet on Rate of' Phagocytosis 36 oaa LEOEHO EKI v~ R HHO-vaoo . aaaa '? . aaa ~ , Oooo 2 4 WEEKS POST CHALLENGE...

  16. A COMPUTATIONAL ALGORITHM FOR COMPUTING NONLINEAR AUDITORY FREQUENCY SELECTIVITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Jont

    published chinchilla and guinea-pig observations of basilar membrane and Reissner's membrane motion made Introduction Using observations in chinchilla and guinea pig preparations, we evaluate an algorithm

  17. Sharing Smart Environment Assets in Dynamic Multi-Partner Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preece, Alun

    in during the Haiti earthquake1 , the damaged utility facilities in the BP oil spill case2 , and the Fukushima 1Haiti Earthquake Response: Context Analysis - http://tinyurl.com/k8cffr7 2Deepwater Horizon oil spill - http://tinyurl.com/ke27b6c Daiichi nuclear disaster3 , demonstrated the need for emer- gency

  18. Im Rahmen der Vorlesung Bank-und Kapitalmarktrecht veranstaltet der Lehrstuhl fr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    Papua New Guinea Saudi Arabia Singapore Spain Sweden United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States

  19. Subscribe to daily environment news

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    : Strong Quake Strikes Papua New Guinea, No Damage BELGIUM: Airlines, US Cool to EU Emissions Trading

  20. Effects of protein or zinc deficiency on cellular immunity in vaccinated and non-vaccinated guinea pigs with experimentally induced pulmonary listeriosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coghlan, Lezlee Helaine Graham

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    values Diet Interval A PCV(X) Interval 8 PCV(X) LZ-V LZ-NV LP-V LP-NV 29. 883. 4 26. 1-2. 0 23. 722. 6* 27. 7?2. 5 31. 1?2. 4 29. 5-3. 0 23. 3?1. 3*, ? 30. 4-2. 4 C-V C-NV 30. 8-2. 0 28. 9?2. 4 31. 6-1. 3 29. 3-2. 0 Asterisk indicates a.../gram liver tissue Diet Interval A Interval 8 LZ-V LZ-NV LP-V LP-NV C-V C-NV 2. 08t0. 5 2. 21-0. 4 1. 72-0. 4 2. 40+-0. 8 2. 11t0. 9 2. 74+-0. 4 2. 28t0. 5 2. 22t0. 5 1. 90+-0. 5 3. 04-0. 8 2. 40t0. 6 2. 40=0. 5 Mean tSEM of 5-7 observations...

  1. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ Lease Condensate ProvedGas, Wet AfterBruneiEquatorial

  2. In Leake, D., ed., 1996, Case-Based Reasoning: Experiences, Lessons, and Future Directions. Menlo Park: AAAI Press MIT Press, 1996.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leake, David B.

    in Bosnia, in Somalia, in Haiti. Ed Timms, Dallas Morning News Windows 95: Microsoft's Vietnam? Headline plan. The commentators who apply lessons of Vietnam to Bosnia, however, must do more subtle reasoning

  3. TEMPLATE DESIGN 2008 www.PosterPresentations.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    : Austria Burundi China Germany Guatemala Haiti Nicaragua Norway South Korea The following types international students to American camping culture ·Connects students across colleges, majors and disciplines ·Introduces foundations of intercultural competency, which leads to more successful integration into the wider

  4. CEEDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minsker, Barbara S.

    player in the climate game/Tami Bond After the Quakes: Researchers study Haiti and Chile Speeders Beware the conditions under which the university continues to prosper. Why is it then that faculty, staff and alumni by

  5. Women playing a man's game : reconstructing ceremonial and ritual history of the Mesoamerican ballgame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Maria Isabel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that included La Hispaniola and El Rio de Orinoco inOrinoco (Venezuela) and La Hispaniola (Haiti). The earliesta Taino game in 1525 at La Hispaniola that was also called

  6. RESEARCH ARTICLE Phylogeography and conservation of the endemic Hispaniolan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Townsend, Andrea

    the Tiburon Peninsula's single primary forest reserve. Keywords Phaenicophilus Á Palm-Tanager Á Hispaniola Á Haiti Á Island Á Phylogeography Introduction Hispaniola, which supports more endemic bird species than

  7. The feasibility of malaria elimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Ophir

    The feasibility of malaria elimination on the island of Hispaniola, with a focus on Haiti........................................................................................................15 Malaria on the island of Hispaniola: context..........................................................................................17 Malaria on the island of Hispaniola: history of the response

  8. UNIVERSIT DEGLI STUDI La cooperazione internazionaLe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Cindio, Fiorella

    DELLA LUCE (Togo) AQUAPLUS - Acqua Energia per la Vita (Haiti) Lotta integrata al fitoplasma delle dei codici normalizzati OCSE per le prove dei trattori agricoli e forestali (Brasile) Biotecnologia da

  9. Volume 130, Number 2 tech.mit.edu Friday, February 5, 2010 Oldest and Largest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishii, Hiroshi

    skating event in the Johnson Ice Rink, where students gathered to brainstorm relief project ideas and the student-organized Haiti Re- lief Show, the MIT Chapter of Global Poverty Initiative held a charity ice

  10. The UNIVERSITY of NORTH CAROLINA at CHARLOTTE An Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howitt, Ivan

    , Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Sudan, Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Libya, Vietnam, Somalia, and Sri Lanka. Please contact

  11. Zoogeography and systematics of the shallow water echinodermata of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pomory, Christopher Mark

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guatemala Honduras Nicarag Cos Oo Jamaica Haiti Guadeloupe Oa Dominica ~Martinique tySt Lucia +Barbados @&~St- Vincent Gpr nada Tobago rinidad Belize Puerto Rico Curacao Aru 1 Bonaire a ~ ia a Rica Venezuela Panama Anguilla St. Martin...

  12. Design of a crushing and agglomeration process for manufacturing bagasse charcoal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Victoria Y. (Victoria Yue-May)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In Haiti, wood and wood charcoal are common fuels for cooking. This practice has contributed to deforestation, leading to erosion and fatal floods. The availability of charcoal made from a different source other than wood, ...

  13. Mobile health for cancer in low to middle income countries: priorities for research and development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holeman, Isaac; Evans, Jay; Kane, Dianna; Grant, Liz; Pagliari, Claudia; Weller, David

    2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    health insurance programmes in Mexico and Colombia have demonstrated that coordinated financing and procurement can reduce prices and expand access. Successful programmes in Malawi, Rwanda and Haiti have shown that effective diagnosis and treatment can...

  14. Two ancient human genomes reveal Polynesian ancestry among the indigenous Botocudos of Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malaspinas, A.-S.; Lao, O.; Schroeder, H.; Rasmussen, M.; Raghavan, M.; Moltke, I.; Campos, P. F.; Santana Sagredo, F.; Rasmussen, S.; Gonçalves, V. F.; Albrechtsen, A.; Allentoft, M. E.; Johnson, P. L. F.; Li, M.; Reis, S.; Bernardo, D. V.; DeGiorgio, M.; Duggan, A. T.; Bastos, M.; Wang, Y.; Stenderup, J.; Moreno-Mayar, J. V.; Brunak, S.; Sicheritz-Ponten, T.; Hodges, E.; Hannon, G. J.; Orlando, L.; Price, T. D.; Jensen, J. D.; Nielsen, R.; Heinemeier, J.; Olsen, J.; Rodrigues-Carvalho, C.; Lahr, M. Mirazón; Neves, W.; Kayser, M.; Higham, T.; Stoneking, M.; Pena, S. D. J.; Willerslev, E.

    2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    as follows: Africa: Bambaran, Dogon, YRI; Europe: CEU, Iraqi, Slovenian; EAsia: CHB, JPT, Thai, Mongolian; CSAsia: Kyrgyzstan, Nepalese, Pakistanis; Americas: Bolivian, Totonac; NewGuineaH: New Guinea Highlands. The reference panel includes around 820...

  15. The Effects of Tillage, Cropping and Fertilization on Extractable Soil Nutrients in Four Agro-Ecosystems in Ghana, West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Benjamin

    2014-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Two experiments were conducted in four agro-ecosystems of Ghana: the coastal savannah, forest, forest-guinea savannah transition and guinea savannah. Experiment one assessed the effect of three tillage and four cropping treatments while experiment...

  16. Explaining the causes and consequences of internationally monitored elections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyde, Susan Dayton

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CIS mission to Moldova and Kyrgyzstan because of the CIS’sFaso Equatorial Guinea Kyrgyzstan Burundi Estonia Laos

  17. South American Lowland moist Southern Cone societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    -FOODS Cotton, sisal/hemp, rubber Tobacco, coca Indigo · ANIMALS Llama, alpaca (transport) Guinea pig, turkey

  18. Cell Reports Waves on Reissner's Membrane: A Mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichenbach, Tobias

    in the gerbil, guinea pig, and chinchilla. The results are in accord with the theory and thus support a role

  19. asian populations levels: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  20. asian population predictors: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  1. asian population modified: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  2. asian population lessons: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  3. asian populations identifies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  4. International Migration and Human Rights: The Global Repercussions of U.S. Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martínez, Samuel

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guinea, Guyana, Honduras, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Mali, Mexico,including Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan,ee to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, where there are large

  5. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland...

  6. automata theoretic model: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Luo-Rudy dynamic model of a guinea pig ventricular cell, and a model Grosu, Radu 39 Fortuna: Model Checking Priced Probabilistic Timed Automata Computer Technologies and...

  7. acute abdomen performed: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and chronic disease (Q fever) in humans and infects many animals with varying clinical illness and persistence. A guinea pig aerosol-challenge model of acute Q fever......

  8. acute subdural hematomas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and chronic disease (Q fever) in humans and infects many animals with varying clinical illness and persistence. A guinea pig aerosol-challenge model of acute Q fever......

  9. acute subdural hematoma: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and chronic disease (Q fever) in humans and infects many animals with varying clinical illness and persistence. A guinea pig aerosol-challenge model of acute Q fever......

  10. Phenotypic Plasticity in the Lungs of Deer Mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) at High Altitude and the Relationship With Aerobic Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirkey, Nicholas Joseph

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Induced Mitogenic Factor in Lung With Vasoconstrictive andin growing dogs enhances lung diffusing capacity for oxygenJ. and Banchero, N. (1980). Lung morphometry in guinea pigs

  11. The influence of diet and vaccination on thymus-dependent (T) lymphocytes in experimental pulmonary tuberculosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartow, Rebecca Ann

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , of T lymphocytes in the guinea P~g T cell subsets bearing Fc receptors for IgG or IgM (TI or T cells, respectively) were detected using a double rosette assay. BCG vaccination of normally nourished guinea pigs resulted in a significant increase... 2 guinea pigs challenged by the respiratory route with virulent N. tuberculosis. . 68 xv LIST OF FIGVRES (Continued) Figure page 24. The influence of BCG vaccination on T gamma cells in the spleen of Strain 2 guinea pigs challenged...

  12. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Malaysia*, Mauritius, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Zealand,Rica, Ecuador, Lebanon, Mongolia, Nepal, Papua New GuineaMalta, Marshall Islands, Mongolia*, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal*,

  13. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial Co-Chairs' Summary from Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of Djibouti, the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, the Gabonese Republic, the Republic of the Gambia,...

  14. --No Title--

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Islas...

  15. Sandia National Laboratories: Wind and Water Materials and Structures...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French...

  16. Explaining the causes and consequences of internationally monitored elections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyde, Susan Dayton

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Maldives San Marino Bahamas Malta Sao Tome & PrincipePapua New Guinea, Bahamas*, Malta* Bolivia, Cyprus, Jamaica,Slovenia, Cape Verde*, Malta* Poland, Slovenia, Mongolia,

  17. Center for Comparative Medicine N o r t h w e s t e r n U n i v e r s i t y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahriar, Selim

    .28 Chinchilla $3.58 Gerbil $1.68 Ground Squirrel $1.53 Guinea Pig $2.33 Large Animals Per Animal, Per Day Cat $9

  18. Center for Comparative Medicine N o r t h w e s t e r n U n i v e r s i t y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    .26 Chinchilla $3.36 Gerbil $1.57 Ground Squirrel $1.44 Guinea Pig $2.18 Large Animals Per Animal, Per Day Cat $8

  19. Center for Comparative Medicine N o r t h w e s t e r n U n i v e r s i t y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staum, Jeremy

    .32 Chinchilla $3.69 Gerbil $1.73 Ground Squirrel $1.58 Guinea Pig $2.40 Large Animals Per Animal, Per Day Cat $9

  20. Center for Comparative Medicine N o r t h w e s t e r n U n i v e r s i t y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    .26 Chinchilla $3.46 Gerbil $1.62 Ground Squirrel $1.48 Guinea Pig $2.25 Large Animals Per Animal, Per Day Cat $9

  1. Effectiveness of a sports-based HIV prevention intervention in the Dominican Republic: a quasi-experimental study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Effectiveness of a sports-based HIV prevention intervention in the Dominican Republic: a quasi, and strenuous efforts to minimize loss-to-follow-up. Keywords: HIV; youth; sport; Dominican Republic; Caribbean living in Haiti and the Dominican Republic (DR) (PAHO, 2007; UNAIDS, 2008). In recent years, national

  2. The effect of phosphorus on nitrogen fixation in three genotypes of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prophete, Emmanuel Hugues

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . L, Cheaney, M. Taylor, M. C. Fuqua, and M. Villanueva. I am grateful to the concerned officials of the Departement de I'Agriculture, des Ressources Naturelles et du Developpement Rural of the Republic of Haiti for selecting me as the recipient...

  3. Peacekeepers' Sex Scandals Linger, On Screen By NEIL MacFARQUHAR, 7 September 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    senior United Nations officials in Bosnia are arguing about firing Kathy Bolkovac, an American police, a string of sex scandals from Bosnia to the Democratic Republic of Congo to Haiti involving peacekeeping in Bosnia. But Ms. Bolkovac says she has never been hired by another peacekeeping mission. (DynCorp issued

  4. Fine-Grained Remote Monitoring, Control and Pre-Paid Electrical Service in Rural Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Seth Copen

    Fine-Grained Remote Monitoring, Control and Pre-Paid Electrical Service in Rural Microgrids Maxim microgrid deployment in rural Les Anglais, Haiti. The system consists of a three-tiered architecture,arthur}@earthsparkinternational.org Abstract--In this paper, we present the architecture, design and experiences from a wirelessly managed

  5. The land around typical Darfur refugee camps is cleared of all wood 2 T H E T R O U B L E W I T H C O O K I N Gthe impact of biomass-burning on health & enviornment and what we are doing about it

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisen, Michael

    ] International Energy Agency,2002,World Energy Outlook,OECD,Paris,pp 365-393.Chap 13. [2] UNDP,1997,Energy after in Developing Countries,"Annual Review of Energy and the Environment,10,pp.407­429. [5] Epidemiological Bulletin,State of the World's Forests,FAO,Rome,p113,Annex 2. [9] FAO,2000,Haiti Country Report:Forestry Outlook

  6. Creating a Pathway to Sustainability IIT Wanger Institute for Sustainable Energy Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    ............................................................................................................5 Clean Coal Technology Production of Methane from Hydrates and Unconventional Sources Biofuels of the Future Demonstrates IIT Vision Engineering a Clean Water Supply in Haiti Community Outreach Education IIT first developed a formal affiliation with the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT), establishing

  7. Office of the Vice President for Research Annual Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    compounds, protecting gorillas 10 Nature Making nano-steps and giant leaps Defending Haiti from earthquakes, making fuel in space, helping canines with ailing hearts 18 Cyberscience Pursuing a new research frontier, specialized connections with other cells, and then connect to each other to form networks. Supercomputer

  8. Eos, Vol. 91, No. 4, 26 January 2010 Scientists can estimate the time at which

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frankel, Kurt L.

    Eos, Vol. 91, No. 4, 26 January 2010 Scientists can estimate the time at which rocks at Earth to several million years old, along with other well-established methods such as radiocar- bon, uranium series prepared for it rather than waiting until it occurred." The earthquake in Haiti, Mann told Eos, provides

  9. Call for Papers In 2011, the Food and Agriculture Organization published a book: `Save and Grow'. The challenge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    agriculture production systems (CAPS) being developed in several regions of the world. We are seeking papers and FAO CA researches in several regions of the world Haiti project CIRAD team FAO team · CANSEA) · Special night program possibly at Lake Ton Le Sap December 12: Cambodian Women and Men Farmers experiences

  10. CHARLES WESLEY WOOD BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH (http://www.linkedin.com/pub/wes-wood/71/499/230)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    , Thailand, Honduras, Mexico, The Philippines, Haiti, and New Zealand. Wes served as Associate Editor beneath buried fuel tanks in Dothan, AL; assessment of pollution problems from composting operations in Baldwin County, AL; assessment of water pollution from land applied swine waste in North Carolina

  11. Croissance dmographique, pression foncire et insertion territoriale par les abattis en Guyane franaise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    (Suriname, Brésil, Haïti, etc.). L'augmentation continue de la population entraîne une pression foncière et neighbours (Surinam, Brazil, Haiti, etc). The continuous increase of population involves land pressure since populations coming notably from Surinam are using shifting cultivation called locally "abattis" to have

  12. S68 JUNE 2006| d. Central America and the Caribbean--E. K. Grover-Kopec31

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S68 JUNE 2006| d. Central America and the Caribbean--E. K. Grover-Kopec31 I) TEMPERATURE Annual in the Caribbean, particularly in Jamaica, eastern Cuba, and western Haiti. Drought conditions, which have had of the Caribbean and Central American region is bimodal, with relative maxima occurring in May­June and September

  13. Bacterial Water Contamination: Associated Risk Factors and Beliefs in a Rural Community in Northern Evan Torline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yaoqi

    Bacterial Water Contamination: Associated Risk Factors and Beliefs in a Rural Community in Northern of its residents are living without access to clean drinking water. This simple issue causes terrible community of Mol, Haiti before the implementation of a chlorine water filtration system in it. A handful

  14. Florida Atlantic University Division of Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    research involve activities related to the proliferation of nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons, Cuba, Cyprus, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Libya, N. Korea, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zaire (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Zimbabwe. Yes No Does

  15. Demographic and Social Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence in Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, James Holland

    Demographic and Social Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence in Colombia A Dyadic Power, and Colombia (Flake and Forste 2006). In Peru, low educational attainment and early union formation increase-dominant decision-making was associated with higher risk of IPV in Nicaragua, Haiti, and Colombia. The welter

  16. Tuberculosis among Recent US

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ted

    and assumed that these populations were depleted only by death (no emigration from the United States immigrants by time since arrival in the United States from each of 6 countries of origin: China, Haiti, India country of origin, age at diagnosis, and years since arrival in the United States (Centers for Disease

  17. A NEW SPECIES OF MATELEA (APOCYNACEAE: ASCLEPIADOIDEAE) FROM HISPANIOLA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krings, Alexander

    A NEW SPECIES OF MATELEA (APOCYNACEAE: ASCLEPIADOIDEAE) FROM HISPANIOLA Alexander Krings Herbarium_Krings@ncsu.edu ABSTRACT A new species of Matelea is described from Hispaniola, resulting from study of subtribe Hispaniola: Matelea pentactina Krings, sp. nov. (Fig. 1, A­B, E). TYPE: HAITI: Les Roseaux, Massif de la

  18. LETTERS | FOCUS PUBLISHED ONLINE: 24 OCTOBER 2010 | DOI: 10.1038/NGEO992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freed, Andrew

    . This result is consistent with the long-term pattern of strain accumulation in Hispaniola. The unexpected.0 Haiti earthquake of 12 January 2010 is the largest event to strike the southern part of Hispaniola since yr-1 relative to the North American plate3,10 , implying oblique convergence between Hispaniola

  19. Phyllonycteris poeyi (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) CARLOS A. MANCINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayssen, Virginia

    is endemic to the Greater Antilles and P. poeyi is endemic to Cuba and Hispaniola. P. poeyi is characterized and Natural Resources. DOI: 10.1644/852.1. Key words: Antilles, bat, Cuba, Cuban flower bat, Hispaniola-Recent skulls collected on Haiti (Hispaniola); he also differentiated Fig. 1.--Adult female Phyllonycteris poeyi

  20. Spectres of Multiplicity. 18th -Century Literature Revisited from the Outside in , in Christie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    portrayed as dreaming an enduring dream of unity. A great deal of administrative and intellectual energy from China, spoons made from Peruvian iron, and sugar cultivated in Haiti by slaves dragged out-French departments, the "Grand Design" of political unification dreamt by Henry IV and his minister Sully (revived

  1. WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ESTIMATION IN PUERTO RICO USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    countries (i.e., Haiti and the Dominican Republic). #12;Technical Approach #12;Algorithm Flow Chart ObtainWATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ESTIMATION IN PUERTO RICO USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING Eric.W. Harmsen Solar Radiation, wind speed, rainfall, etc,. for yesterday Expand the components of the Surface Energy

  2. o encourage students to apply class-room learning and social responsibility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    -electric hybrid vehicle designed to increase fuel efficiency while maintaining the car's original appearance an autonomous electronic interface to facilitate three­way power flows between the electric vehicles, the solar to Haiti to help earthquake victims. Another project converted a gas-powered vehicle into a gas

  3. History on Mona Island: Long-term human and landscape dynamics of an 'uninhabited' island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samson, Alice V. M.; Cooper, Jago

    2015-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    largely concerned with Mona’s oscillating position with respect to either one of its larger island neighbors, Puerto Rico, and the Dominican Republic/Republic of Haiti. Its archaeology has been used as a barometer to test the weather of the cultural...

  4. Exploiting unique germplasm resources of leguminous trees: Prosopis, leucaena and acacia. Final report, August 31, 1982-August 30, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Felker, P.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In Haiti, and other semiarid regions of the world, the need for fuelwood and forage is critical. The report summarizes research conducted over a ten year period on developing replicable plantations of leguminous trees in semiarid lands, especially in areas near seawater salinity levels. Research included greenhouse and laboratory work followed by field trials in Haiti and focused on two species: Prosopis and Leucaena. (Acacia is mentioned in the report's title but not in the report itself.) Results were as follows. (1) Greenhouse experiments identified leaf diagnostic criteria indicating mineral nutrient deficiencies in field trees. It also established the importance of micronutrients, especially zinc, in permitting growth in high pH (9.0) soils.

  5. Opportunities for energy conservation in the developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koshel, P.; Allen, E.L.; Cecelski, E.; Dougher, R.; Ring, L.

    1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy problems faced by developing countries are explored and opportunities for saving energy and for using fuels other than petroleum in the modern sector are assessed. Specific resources assessed include oil and gas, coal, hydropower, and traditional fuels. Trends in commercial energy consumption by the developing countries are assessed and the domestic fuel resources of these countries are examined. Patterns of commercial energy use in several LDCs including Sri Lanka, Haiti, India, Kenya, Egypt, the Phillippines, the Republic of Korea, and Brazil are examined. Sri Lanka and Haiti are the subjects for case studies reported in the appendixes. Opportunities for conservation in the modern sector, which include most industrial activities, transportation, and electric power generation as well as some agricultural activities and large residential and commercial buildings, are discussed. The concluding section explores policies which might be initiated by LDC governments to encourage energy conservation. (MCW)

  6. The effect of protein deficiency and M. bovis BCG vaccination on interleukin 2 activity in tuberculous ginea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parr, Rebecca Lynne

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The influence of exogenous Il-2 on mitogen (Con A)-stimulated proliferation of blood lymphocytes from normal guinea pigs. 5. Production of Il-2 by lymphocytes from the blood and spleen of BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) or non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs 3-4 weeks.... rculosis recoverable from the spleen of BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) and non-vaccinated (NV) tuberculous guinea pigs. . . . . . 52 X1V Figure 8. Number of viable N b cu osis recoverable page from the lung from BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) and non-vaccinated (NV...

  7. Supplement 21, Part 7, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Hosts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zidar, Judith A; Shaw, Judith H.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Kirby, Margie D.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P. constrictus Cressey, n. sp. (gill chambers): Mexi- co; Panama; Ecuador; Peru P. sinensis Cressey, n. sp. (oral valves): Batavia, Java Nothobomolochus gibber: Bay of Bengal; Borneo; Torres Strait, northern Australia; Philippine Islands; Japan... Islands; Hawaii; Gulf of California; Mexico; Panama (Pacific): Beru Colobomatus goodingi n. sp. (cephalic canals): Cuba; Haiti; Sierra Leone; Dahomey; Gabon; Torres Strait, Australia; Acapulco, Msxico; Panama (Pacific) Caligus sp. E: Java; Torres...

  8. Automated measurement of concrete spalling through reinforcement detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paal, Stephanie German; Brilakis, Ioannis; DesRoches, Reginald

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Visual .NET environment. A database of RC column surface images collected from buildings damaged in the 2010 earthquake in Haiti is used to test the approach’s validity. The results from the approach are compared with those from manual surveys... – cracks, corrosion and spalling – each of which will be discussed in the further sections. 2.2.1 Crack detection and property retrieval Many machine vision-based methods have been created to automatically detect the presence of cracks on concrete...

  9. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  10. anopheles nuneztovari diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  11. anopheles albimanus diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  12. anopheles aquasalis diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  13. anopheles arabiensis diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  14. anopheles funestus diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  15. anopheles aconitus diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  16. anopheles hyrcanus diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  17. anopheles braziliensis diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  18. anopheles fluviatilis diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  19. Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Kristin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2005. Bassey, Nnimmo. 2000. “Oil and Gas in Africa. ” Paperat the Gulf of Guinea Oil and Gas Conference. February 5 –6,Mercury from Discharges from Oil and Gas Platforms. http://

  20. http://web.utk.edu/~auerbach/Goldman.htm THE GOLDMAN DATA SET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auerbach, Benjamin M.

    Autours Braives Ciply Trou Felix Canary Islands Unspecified Chile Tierra del Fuego Guinea New Britain Peru Cuzco Ancón Philippine Islands "Negrito" Russia Various locations Solomon Islands Unspecified South Africa "Bushman" Sudan El Kubanieh Kerma Sayala Toschke

  1. Supplement 17, Part 6, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Subject Headings And Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humphrey, Judith M.; Segal, Dorothy B.; Walker, Martha L.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ; Coccidia oocysts) Arkansas. See United States, Arkansas. Armenia. See Russia, Aimenian SSR. Armies , Parasites Trypanosoma cruzi Mora Marquez, R., 1964. ? Venezuela Armies, Parasites Zuidema, P. J., 1963 b hookworm, Dutch servicemen West New Guinea...

  2. Alternative Energy Technologies Solar Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Christopher

    #12;Alternative Energy Technologies Solar Power Photovoltaics Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Power;Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Reflector material is Aluminum or Silver Tube material ..... Several possible ............... Mexico, Canada, Peru Alumina ............Guinea, Brazil, Australia, Jamaica Manganese ....... S. Africa

  3. Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Kristin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    aimed at securing oil resources in the Gulf of Guinea (of (as yet unproven) oil resources in Angola (EIA 2008; Lylemost valuable natural resource: oil. But oil extraction—both

  4. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Coal &Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Coal &

  5. What We Know About Coyotillo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, Robert K.; Machen, Richard V.

    2000-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Coyotillo is a toxic plant that has poisoned people, cattle, sheep, goats, guinea pigs, horses, swine and chickens. This publication describes the plant, lists symptoms of livestock poisoning and discusses preventive measures....

  6. STRUCTURAL CLIMATE Chris Brierley UCL Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    ) Movement of Indonesia and New Guinea c) Emergence of Isthmus of Panama d) Increase in Tropical Cyclones e by CO2 radiative forcing being generally greater over land. is *1.3, Fig. 3, bottom panel). Any

  7. What We Know About Coyotillo 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, Robert K.; Machen, Richard V.

    2000-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Coyotillo is a toxic plant that has poisoned people, cattle, sheep, goats, guinea pigs, horses, swine and chickens. This publication describes the plant, lists symptoms of livestock poisoning and discusses preventive measures....

  8. Energy Upgrade Program Revitalizing Oregon | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    areas. First to save The program needed a guinea pig to be the first to receive a free energy audit and found a willing participant in Key Carpets, a Molalla-based store...

  9. Modeling El Nin~o and its tropical teleconnections during the last glacial-interglacial cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otto-Bliesner, Bette

    thermocline. Results suggest that proxy evidence of weaker precipitation variability in New Guinea and Ecuador, with atmospheric trace gases (CO2, CH4, N2O, CFCs) and solar constant set to values for 1990 AD [Otto- Bliesner et

  10. Incubating and Hatching Eggs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cartwright, A. Lee

    2000-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    . Leaflet No. 519, ?Raising Guinea Fowl.? U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Gov- ernment Printing Office. Circular 514, ?Raising Bobwhite Quail for Commercial Use.? Cooperative Extension Service, Clemson University. Leaflet 21046, ?Raising Game Birds...

  11. The effect of protein deficiency and M. bovis BCG vaccination on interleukin 2 activity in tuberculous ginea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parr, Rebecca Lynne

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECT OF PROTEIN DEFICIENCY AND M. bovis BCG VACCINATION ON INTERLEUKIN 2 ACTIVITY IN TUBERCULOUS GUINEA PIGS A THESIS by REBECCA LYNNE PARR Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1987 Major subject: Veterinary Microbiology THE EFFECT OF PROTEIN DEFICIENCY AND M~ BOVIS BCG VACCINATION ON INTERLEUKIN 2 ACTIVITY IN TUBERCULOUS GUINEA PIGS A Thesis by REBECCA LYNNE PARR...

  12. The influence of diet and vaccination on thymus-dependent (T) lymphocytes in experimental pulmonary tuberculosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartow, Rebecca Ann

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PPD-induced blastogenesis in vitro of peripheral blood lymphocytes obtained from BCG vaccinated (VACC) and non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs at weekly intervals following pulmonary challenge with virulent mycobacteria Proliferative response in vitro... to Concanavalin A of peripheral blood lymphocytes isolated from BCG vaccinated (VACC) and non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs at weekly intervals following pulmonary challenge with virulent mycobacteria. . . . . . 44 I. ymphoproliferation in vitro to PPD of spleno...

  13. Haitian-English Dictionary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .prop.n. inhabitant of Haut- Palmiste (Tortuga Island, Dept. North-West) palmye n. [Fr.] palm tree ~ a Iwil oil palm Palo prop.n. Palau (Western Pacific) paloud, palout n. clam (seafood) palpa conj. let alone, much less; even more, all the more palpab: prdv... to another) papiydt n. fine quality of paper (used in Haiti esp. in kite-making) papdt n. doorstep, threshold; doorway; front (of house) papou adj. full-feathered (bird); in need of a haircut paprika n. paprika (cf poud piman) papsis v. to fail, flop...

  14. Safety Sustainability and Public Perception of Manufactured Housing in Hot Humid Climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grosskopf, K. R.; Cutlip, D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deaths U.S. Damage ($US Millions) Charley 9-14 Aug 150 15 14,000 Frances 25 Aug – 8 Sep 145 7 8,860 Ivan 2-24 Sep 165 95 13,000 Jeanne 13-29 Sep 120 3000* 6,500 Totals 42,360 *Haiti and entire Atlantic basin. Figure 10. Pre-2002 FBC site...-built homes destroyed, post-2002 FBC site-built homes intact (left). Pre-1994 HUD Code manufactured home destroyed, post-1994 HUD Code manufactured home intact (FMHA, 2004). Following a nearly identical track as Frances three weeks prior, Hurricane Jeanne...

  15. Refo?m nan Lajistis = Judicial reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seza, Mari Dyevela

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gen ase tribinal 2 Kdripsyon jij yo 2 Jij yo manke fômasyon 2 Lajistis ap mache kon tóti 3 Kisa ki anpechc jij yo ft travay yo byen? 3 Sou kisa refôm lajistis la dvve chita? 4 Poukisa refôm administratif la enpótan? . . . . 5 Poukisa dwe gen...-Language Books on Haiti. 1995 (Updated). Pp. 21. More than 150 entries, with brief description of each; special list of T o p Ten." Introduction and text in English. Updated periodically. No 4 - Strategy of Aristide Government for Social and Economic...

  16. Energy planning in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, P.M.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book provides discussion of analytical methods for energy-sector planning in developing countries. The author addresses such topics as energy balances, the Reference Energy System (RES), approaches to demand forecasting, project evaluation (including capital budgeting), techniques for dealing with uncertainty, financial accounting as applied to the typical parastatal electric utility of a developing country, techniques for pricing studies, scenario analysis, and approaches to the evaluation of macroeconomic impacts of energy-sector decisions. Extensive use is made of case-study material, including examples from Haiti, Tunisia, the Sudan, Jordan, Mauritius, Thailand, Sri Lanka, and Liberia.

  17. Halawa, Hawaii: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open EnergyGuntersville ElectricControlon| OpenHaiti UNHalawa,

  18. Hale County, Alabama: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open EnergyGuntersville ElectricControlon| OpenHaiti UNHalawa,Hale

  19. Hale County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open EnergyGuntersville ElectricControlon| OpenHaiti

  20. Haleakala Volcano Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open EnergyGuntersville ElectricControlon| OpenHaitiHaleakala Volcano

  1. Haleburg, Alabama: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open EnergyGuntersville ElectricControlon| OpenHaitiHaleakala

  2. Haleiwa, Hawaii: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open EnergyGuntersville ElectricControlon| OpenHaitiHaleakalaHaleiwa,

  3. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less is more: Novel celluloseimagerMimicking the Moon'slightHaiti

  4. Energy and agriculture in the Haitian economy: A computable general equilibrium model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, D.W.; Wu, M.T.C.; Das, S.; Cohn, S.M.

    1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of the economy of Haiti, emphasizing energy use in agriculture. CGE models compare favorably with econometric models for developing countries in terms of their ability to take advantage of available data. The model of Haiti contains ten production sectors: manufacturing, services, transportation, electricity, rice, coffee, sugar cane, sugar refining, general agriculture, and fuelwood and charcoal. All production functions use functional forms which permit factor substitution. Consumption is specified for three income categories of consumers and a government sector with a linear expenditure system (LES) of demand equations. The economy exports four categories of products and imports six. Balanced trade and capital accounts are required for equilibrium. Total sectoral allocations of land, labor and capital are constrained to equal the quantities of these inputs in the Haitian economy as of the early 1980s. The model can be used to study the consequences of fiscal and trade policies and sectorally oriented productivity improvement policies. Guidance is offered regarding how to use the model to study economic growth and technological change. Limitations of the mode are also pointed out as well as user strategies which can lessen or work around some of those limitations. 19 refs.

  5. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1101711096, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/11017/2010/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    and Papua New Guinea, is one of the most heavily populated regions of the world. Biofuel and biomass burning hydrological cycle, in particular the mountain cryospheric reservoirs and the fresh water supply, which in turn hundred scientists from around the world gathered in the Maldives, located in the northern Indian Ocean

  6. Melyrid beetles (Choresine): A putative source for the batrachotoxin alkaloids found in poison-dart frogs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melyrid beetles (Choresine): A putative source for the batrachotoxin alkaloids found in poison a Colombian poison-dart frog and later found in certain passerine birds of New Guinea. Neither vertebrate in the mid-1960s in skin extracts from a Colombian poison-dart frog (family Dendrobatidae) (1, 2). The name

  7. RESEARCH Open Access Application of satellite precipitation data to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ebert, Beth

    and epizootic in other parts of Australia. Activity of MVEV in Western Australia (WA) is monitored by detection, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia 6845, Australia Full list of author virus and St. Louis encephalitis virus. MVEV is enzootic in northern Australia and Papua New Guinea

  8. Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia exposed on Obi Island, eastern Indonesia. Until the late Neogene, Obi formed part of the southern tectonic history of eastern Indonesia and northern New Guinea has been dominated by the punctuated

  9. For Release: 9:20 a.m. PST, January 9, 2007 CHANDRA X-RAY TELESCOPE DISCOVERS COMPANION TO BRIGHT STAR IN THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, David

    : Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa. The companion star was discovered accidentally the highly supersonic stellar winds of hot, luminous stars produce x-rays, and we were surprised to see two that of the Sun, is very luminous (giving off about 34,000 times as much energy as our Sun every second

  10. Dietary alteration of the interaction between alveolar macrophages and lymphocytes in experimental tuberculosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaotong

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To study the interaction of alveolar macrophages (AM) and splenocytes (SC) and the dietary effects on the interaction of AM and SC in a guinea pig model of pulmonary tuberculosis, the ConA-induced proliferation of SC was quantified under various...

  11. 2012 Graduate Destination Report for ANU Joint College of Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arab Emirates 1 1 United Kingdom, nfd 1 1 United States of America 3 3 Total 133 35 43 211 31 193 Canada 2 2 England 1 1 Germany 5 5 New Zealand 1 1 Papua New Guinea 1 1 Philippines 1 1 United

  12. Interview of Les Hiatt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiatt, Les

    2005-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    at Elephant and Castle then returned to a lectureship at Sydney in 1965 42:41:03 Continued to go back to Maningrida for next 45 years; did think about establishing another field area; went to New Guinea for a few months and for five months on the east coast...

  13. Identification of optimum potassium nutrition of greenhouse plants grown in recirculating subirrigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blessington, Trisha R.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of this research was to determine the optimum potassium nutrition of greenhouse plants grown in recirculating subirrigation. New Guinea impatiens 'Ovation Salmon Pink Swirl' were grown in recirculating subirrigation trays using 0 -12 mM K, with constant 1.5 mM P...

  14. Pleasenotethatthisisanauthor-producedPDFofanarticleacceptedforpublicationfollowingpeerreview.Thedefinitivepublisher-authenticatedversionisavailableonthepublisherWebsite Marine Geology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    .margeo.2006.11.002 © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Archimer, archive institutionnelle de l al., 2004; Urgeles et al., 2006 among others). Thanks to oil industry exploration, numerous studies construction have been carried out on the Norwegian Margin, in the Gulf of Guinea and the Gulf of Mexico

  15. Geological Modeling of Dahomey and Liberian Basins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gbadamosi, Hakeem B.

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this thesis is to study two Basins of the Gulf of Guinea (GoG), namely the Dahomey and the Liberian Basins. These Basins are located in the northern part of the GoG, where oil and gas exploration has significantly increased...

  16. 5 6 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement < Health/Benin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and nutrition; agriculture and aquaculture; impact of climate change and adaptation of societies; energy, Congo, DR Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Chad. 5 8 for proposals now in course of preparation concern agroforestry, energy in the South, protected areas

  17. Supplement 15, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Hosts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humphrey, Judith M.; Segal, Dorothy B.; Beard, Mary I.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Kirby, Margie D.

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Persia Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 289 Persia Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 272, 277 all from Angola Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 283 French Guinea Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 287 British Somaliland, Upper Egypt, Abyssinia Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 287 Kurdistan, Cyprus, South...

  18. U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Country

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Australia 0 0 0 0 0 0 1973-2014 Brunei 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997-2014 Canada 0 555 91 2012-2014 Egypt 160,435 72,990 35,120 2,811 0 0 2005-2014 Equatorial Guinea 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2014...

  19. Agreements --General/Regional 171 GENERAL/REGIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    ; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Slovakia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Ukraine New Guinea; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Senegal of the Atomic Energy (EURATOM) Date TreatyBasin Signatories TreatyName April 11, 1910 Aden Aden; Great Britain

  20. Farmer on a farm in the Moamba district. the jatropha trap?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland: basic facts and uses 10 1.2 agriculture and mozambique's lack of food and energy sovereignty 10 1.1 energem renewable energy 19 4.2 esv bio africa 21 4.3 sun biofuels and moçamgalp 22 thejatrophatrap

  1. OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 180 PRELIMINARY REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 180 PRELIMINARY REPORT ACTIVE CONTINENTAL EXTENSION IN THE WESTERN WOODLARK BASIN, PAPUA NEW GUINEA Dr. Philippe Huchon CNRS, Laboratoire de Géologie �cole Normale Supérieure and Technology University of Hawaii at Manoa 2525 Correa Road Honolulu, HI 96822-2285 U.S.A. Dr. Adam Klaus Ocean

  2. Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 Unraveling the conundrum of river response to rising sea level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary

    Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 1 Unraveling the conundrum of river of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 2 Fly-Strickland River system, Papua New Guinea to Holocene of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 3 Mississippi River was able to resist drowning due to sea

  3. Managing natural resources for sustainable development. Special report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chase, S.; Irving, E.; Long, N.; Pinkelman, J.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report presents an overview of A.I.D. efforts, which encompass a wide range of environmental issues and support environmental training, research, and institutional development. The report's opening section details A.I.D.'s efforts to enlist host-country support for environmental programs, with specific emphasis on improving natural resource management (especially in Africa), encouraging policy change, strengthening the private sector's environmental role, and preparing environmental profiles of host countries and helping them develop conservation strategies. The ensuing sections recount A.I.D. efforts in particular topics of environmental concern (biological diversity and environmental health and safety), critical ecological areas (coastal areas and forests and fragile lands), and specific country programs (reforestation in Haiti). A brief history of the evolution of the Agency's environmental strategy since 1976 is included.

  4. Twelve-year trail of clues leads to impact crater from the K-T boundary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levi, B.G.

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1980, scientists at the University of California, Berkeley proposed that a massive comet or asteroid might have struck the earth about 65 million years ago, changing the earth's climate so drastically that dinosaurs and other creatures could no longer survive. This article describes the evidence for the elusive crater required to support this theory. The structure in question is 180 km in diameter and is submeged beneath the Yucatan peninsula and centered on the Mexican village of Chicxulub. Material drilled from this crater has been linked chemically and geologically to pellets found in Northeast Mexico and Haiti. The link between this ejecta material and the crater was confirmed by a report that the Chicxulub melt rock and pellets are coeval, all having ages consistent with 65 million years. This puts the possible impact at the K-T boundary -- the dividing line between the Cretaceous period of the dinosaurs and the Tertiary period of the mammals. 13 refs.

  5. The problem of living in a world contaminated with chemicals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metcalf, R.L. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana (United States)

    1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The proliferation of xenobiotic chemicals in the global environment poses living problems for each of us aboard {open_quotes}spaceship earth.{close_quotes} Seven case studies are presented that illustrate the magnitude of the problem that can result from waiting to identify toxic hazards until there have been decades of {open_quotes}human guinea pig{close_quotes} exposure. 25 refs., 5 tabs.

  6. Publishing Swinburne; the poet, his publishers and critics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmonds, Clive

    2014-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    UNIVERSITY OF READING Publishing Swinburne; the poet, his publishers and critics. Vol. 2: Annexes 1-22 Submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Department of English Language... . 1875 p.217-232 An Unknown Poet Reprinted as introduction 84 (1876) Apr. 1875, pp.505-507 A Vision of Spring in Winter 6 guineas (84 lines) 85 Poems and Ballads; ser. 2 (1878) May 1875, pp.613-632 The Three Stages of Shakespeare A...

  7. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  8. Additional file 4a. References of the African populations compiled in the databases. Country Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ] 99 Egypt Arab MT 83 [25] 100 Egypt Arab MT 101 [26] 101 Egypt Arab Y 20 [7] 102 Egypt Berber Siwa MT 78 [27] 103 Egypt Copte MT 9 [25] 104 Egypt Copte MT 101 [27] 105 Egypt Misc. MT 32 [28] 106 Egypt Misc. Y 19 [17] 107 Egypt Misc.Upper Egypt MT 24 [28] 108 Egypt Nubia MT 11 [25] 109 Equatorial Guinea

  9. 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim 899 www.advmat.de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappelluti, Emmanuele

    de la Cruz 3, 28049 Madrid, Spain E-mail: paco.guinea@icmm.csic.es Dr. E. Cappelluti Institute Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia IMDEA-Nanociencia E-28049 Madrid, Spain Prof. N. Agraït, Prof Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid, Spain E-mail: gabino.rubio@uam.es DOI: 10.1002/adma.201203731 Two

  10. Chirac Said “Non” – Or Did He? Revisiting U.S. - UN Diplomacy on the 2003 Iraq War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rrecchia, Stefano

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    could for the most part be financed through sales of Iraqi oil.29 The belief that a protracted stabilization mission would be unnecessary in Iraq further reduced any incentive to secure UN approval as a means of legitimating the war and facilitating... Washington significant leverage over its foreign policy. Germany and Syria, by contrast, were firmly opposed. That put all the weight on the other six nonpermanent members, who remained uncommitted: Mexico, Chile, Pakistan, Angola, Cameroon, and Guinea...

  11. Thicket manipulation and static inventory control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Marvin Rex

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    minicomputer system, especially for the smaller companies. There is a growing need to produce software modules which will properly model the problems of small busi- nesses and organizations, and which not only offers effective, efficient solutions... un- solved problem in mathematics [ 23 ]. Mother puzzle approach to graphs was proposed in 1859 when Sir William Hamilton (1805 ? 1865) marketed the idea for a game, "Around The World" to a London toy manufacturer for twenty-five guineas...

  12. Ecology and breeding biology of the Black-shouldered Kite in south Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrie, Dawn Kristine

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    subspecies occur in Africa, southern Asia, India, Sumatra, New Guinea, and Australia (Peters 1979, Howard and Moore 1980). Before 1900, the Black-shouldered Kite was fairly common in the lowlands of western California and south and central Texas...), and scattered sightings in Washington, Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico throughout the 1970s (Pruett-Jones et al. 1980). The kite population did not increase appreciably in Texas until the mid-1960s (Larson 1980). The 1964 Christmas Bird Counts recorded one...

  13. Oak Poisoning in Livestock. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dollahite, J. W.; Housholder, G. T.; Camp, B. J.

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    April 1966 r Oak Poisoning *. . TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY Texas Agricultural Experiment Station R. E. Patterson, Director, College Station, Texas Summary Oak poisoning is a major problem in the production of livestock in areas where oak occurs.... The blossoms, buds, young leaves and acorns are poisonous. Cattle, sheep, goats, swine, rabbits and guinea pigs are susceptible to oak poisoning. A gallotannin isolated from oak has been demonstrated to be poisonous. Calcium hydroxide is an antidote...

  14. `Home Away From Home:' Migrant Organizations and Transnational Politics Among Latin American Migrants in Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freudenburg, Kevin Michael

    2011-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    , Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines, Portugal, and Uruguay. 3 Although the process of migration has never been... well be the catalyst for national political change, and at the very least may alter the political priorities of governments by focusing their energies abroad (Itzigsohn 2000). 19 In the case of Latin American migrants to Spain, their presence...

  15. Reverberation impairs brainstem temporal representations of voiced vowel sounds: challenging “periodicity-tagged” segregation of competing speech in rooms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sayles, Mark; Stasiak, Arkadiusz; Winter, Ian M.

    2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    surgery was performed under anesthesia. ANIMAL MODEL Data described here were collected during experiments per- formed on pigmented guinea-pigs of either sex, weighing between 300 and 650 g. Animals were anesthetized with ure- thane (1.0 g/kg, ip). Hypnorm... (fentanyl citrate, 0.315mg/ml; fluanisone, 10mg/ml; Janssen, High Wycombe, UK) was admin- istered for supplementary analgesia (1ml/kg, im). Anesthesia and analgesia were maintained at a depth sufficient to abol- ish the pedal withdrawal reflex (front paw...

  16. Antigenic analysis of the genus Aeromonas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Vijaya Balusu

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . foa d th ide tical '0' antigen in a C27 strain of Ferguson and Henderson and in Pseudomonas ~shi elloides (21). In 1959 Saks aki et al. suggest d th epithet ~sh( lloid s as ot ppropriate for the reason that ot all st aine of this group were related... that their strains of Prot us elanovorlenes (A. ~h dro bile) caused de th in mice and Guinea pigs within 24 hours by intraperitonial injection. Acute septicemia was observed in these animals. Culture filtrates were toxic to mice. These authors first isolated...

  17. Carryover of aflatoxin B/sub 1/ in contaminated substrate corn into Nigerian native beer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okoye, Z.S.C.

    1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aflatoxins, the toxic secondary metabolites of Aspergillus flavus and Asp. parasiticus, constitute a serious food contamination problem in Nigeria and have been detected in the blood of healthy rural blood donors and primary liver cancer patients from the Guinea savannah region where traditionally brewed cereal beer is popular. A recent survey of traditional breweries in the Jos metropolis has shown a high incidence of aflatoxin B/sub 1/ contamination of their products. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficiency of the traditional brewing in destroying aflatoxins in mould-infected substrate grains.

  18. Interview with Lucy Mair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mair, Lucy

    2004-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    relations so bad? Malinowski’s anti-Semitism Malinowski’s ideas, methods and role Were students then more mature? Raymond Firth, Edmund Leach (5 mins) Raymond Firth’s character and ideas Meyer Fortes and his dwindling socialism Edmund Leach as an eccentric... ) Did you enjoy teaching Colonial cadets and keep in touch with any of them? Visit to Nigeria and later trip to Nigeria Trip to Australia and New Guinea – impressions Sailing round the coast steered by a murderer Contrast with Africa Evans...

  19. Antigenic analysis of the genus Aeromonas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Vijaya Balusu

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . foa d th ide tical '0' antigen in a C27 strain of Ferguson and Henderson and in Pseudomonas ~shi elloides (21). In 1959 Saks aki et al. suggest d th epithet ~sh( lloid s as ot ppropriate for the reason that ot all st aine of this group were related... that their strains of Prot us elanovorlenes (A. ~h dro bile) caused de th in mice and Guinea pigs within 24 hours by intraperitonial injection. Acute septicemia was observed in these animals. Culture filtrates were toxic to mice. These authors first isolated...

  20. An electron microscopy study of ground-nut poisoning in turkey poults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Alcides Amilcar

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    etiology. In the eat'Ly papers the condition was known by the name of Turkey ' X" disease. However, this name was quickly changed when in L961 Blount (7) concluded that toxic Brasilian ground-nut meal was responsible for the outbreaks of this new... condition. Similar toxic effects in ducklings, chickens, rats, guinea pigs, cows and pigs have also been reported. In general, there is little available information about how and where tbe toxic principles of any kind act in the cells structures. Also...

  1. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    1995-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  2. An electron microscopy study of ground-nut poisoning in turkey poults 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Alcides Amilcar

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    etiology. In the eat'Ly papers the condition was known by the name of Turkey ' X" disease. However, this name was quickly changed when in L961 Blount (7) concluded that toxic Brasilian ground-nut meal was responsible for the outbreaks of this new... condition. Similar toxic effects in ducklings, chickens, rats, guinea pigs, cows and pigs have also been reported. In general, there is little available information about how and where tbe toxic principles of any kind act in the cells structures. Also...

  3. Annual review of earth and planetary sciences. Vol. 19

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetherill, G.W.; Albee, A.L.; Burke, K.C. (Carnegie Inst. of Washington, DC (United States) California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena (United States) National Research Council, Washington, DC (United States))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Various review papers on earth and planetary sciences are presented. The individual topics addressed include: tectonics of the New Guinea area, interpretation of ancient Eolian and dunes, seismic tomography of the earth's mantle, shock modification and chemistry and planetary geologic processes, the significance of evaporites, the magnetosphere, untangling the effects of burial alteration and ancient soil formation. Also discussed are: pressure-temperature-time paths, fractals in rock physics, earthquake prediction, rings in the ocean, applications of Be{minus}10 to problems in the earth sciences, measurement of crustal deformation using the GPS, physics and physical mechanisms of nuclear winter, experiemental determination of bed-form stability.

  4. Origin and evolution of the unique Australo-Papuan mangrove- restricted avifauna: novel insights form molecular phylogenetic and comparative phylogeographic analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyá ri, Á rpá d S.

    2011-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Rhipidura albiscapa Gre y F antails KUNHM 6095 Australia, WA, 5 km E Donn y b roo k GQ145464 GQ145355 GQ145388 GQ145426 Rhipidura albiscapa Gre y F antails LSUMNS B 45814 Vanuatu GQ145476 GQ145365 GQ145400 GQ145438 Rhipidura albolim... bata Gre y F antails KUNHM 4595 Ne w Guinea, Mo robe Province, D enda w ang Camp GQ145465 GQ145356 GQ145389 GQ145427 Rhipidura fuliginosa Gre y F antails LSUMNS B23324 Ne w Ze aland GQ145475 - GQ145399 GQ145437 Rhipidura hyperythra...

  5. 49th Annual international outlook issue. [World oil gas exploration and development trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article represents the World Oil's 49th annual outlook. It discusses oil and gas exploration information, pricing, drilling activity, production, and reserves. It discusses the various reasons for increases or decreases in drilling activity in the various production regions of the earth. The article is broken down into the various geo-political regions and each region is described individually. These regions are described as North America, South America, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Africa, the Middle East, the Far East (China, Indonesia, Viet Nam, etc.), and the South Pacific (Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea). Information on production, pricing, and drilling is presented in tabular formats along with a narrative discussion.

  6. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Indonesia (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePriceExpected FutureLeaseEquatorial GuineaIndonesia

  7. Cenozoic basin development in Hispaniola

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mann, P.; Burke, K.

    1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Four distinct generations of Cenozoic basins have developed in Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic) as a result of collisional or strike-slip interactions between the North America and Caribbean plates. First generation basins formed when the north-facing Hispaniola arc collided with the Bahama platform in the middle Eocene; because of large post-Eocene vertical movements, these basins are preserved locally in widely separated areas but contain several kilometers of arc and ophiolite-derived clastic marine sediments, probably deposited in thrust-loaded, flexure-type basins. Second generation basins, of which only one is exposed at the surface, formed during west-northwesterly strike-slip displacement of southern Cuba and northern Hispaniola relative to central Hispaniola during the middle to late Oligocene; deposition occurred along a 5-km (3-mi) wide fault-angle depression and consisted of about 2 km (1 mi) of submarine fan deposits. Third generation basins developed during post-Oligocene convergent strike-slip displacement across a restraining bend formed in central Hispaniola; the southern 2 basins are fairly symmetrical, thrust-bounded ramp valleys, and the third is an asymmetrical fault-angle basin. Fourth generation basins are pull-aparts formed during post-Miocene divergent strike-slip motion along a fault zone across southern Hispaniola. As in other Caribbean areas, good source rocks are present in all generations of basins, but suitable reservoir rocks are scarce. Proven reservoirs are late Neogene shallow marine and fluvial sandstones in third generation basins.

  8. Intervention in Countries with Unsustainable Energy Policies: Is it Ever Justifiable?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tonn, Bruce Edward [ORNL

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper explores whether it is ever justifiable for the international community to forcibly intervene in countries that have unsustainable energy policies. The literature on obligations to future generations suggests, philosophically, that intervention might be justified under certain circumstances. Additionally, the world community has intervened in the affairs of other countries for humanitarian reasons, such as in Kosovo, Somalia, and Haiti. However, intervention to deal with serious energy problems is a qualitatively different and more difficult problem. A simple risk analysis framework is used to organize the discussion about possible conditions for justifiable intervention. If the probability of deaths resulting from unsustainable energy policies is very large, if the energy problem can be attributed to a relatively small number of countries, and if the risk of intervention is acceptable (i.e., the number of deaths due to intervention is relatively small), then intervention may be justifiable. Without further analysis and successful solution of several vexing theoretical questions, it cannot be stated whether unsustainable energy policies being pursued by countries at the beginning of the 21st century meet the criteria for forcible intervention by the international community.

  9. Proximal impact deposits at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in the Gulf of Mexico: A restudy of DSDP Leg 77 Sites 536 and 540

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alvarez, W.; Asaro, F. (Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)); Smit, J. (Free Univ. of Amsterdam (Netherlands)); Lowrie, W. (Inst. fuer Geophysik, Zuerich (Switzerland)); Asaro, F. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Margolis, S.V.; Claeys, P. (Univ. of California, Davis (United States)); Kastner, M. (Univ. of California, San Diego (United States)); Hildebrand, A.R. (Geological Survey, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada))

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Restudy of Deep Sea Drilling Project Sites 536 and 540 in the southeast Gulf of Mexico gives evidence for a giant wave at Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary time. Five units are recognized: (1) Cenomanian limestone underlies a hiatus in which the five highest Cretaceous stages are missing, possibly because of catastrophic K-T erosion. (2) Pebbly mudstone, 45 m thick, represents a submarine landslide possibly of K-T age. (3) Current-bedded sandstone, more than 2.5 m thick, contains anomalous iridium, tektite glass, and shocked quartz; it is interpreted as ejecta from a nearby impact crater, reworked on the deep-sea floor by the resulting tsunami. (4) A 50-cm interval of calcareous mudstone containing small Cretaceous planktic foraminifera and the Ir peak is interpreted as the silt-size fraction of the Cretaceous material suspended by the impact-generated wave. (5) Calcareous mudstone with basal Tertiary forams and the uppermost tail of the Ir anomaly overlies the disturbed interval, dating the impact and wave event as K-T boundary age. Like Beloc in Haiti and Mimbral in Mexico, Sites 536 and 540 are consistent with a large K-T age impact at the nearby Chicxulub crater.

  10. Anomalous fluctuations of vertical velocity of Earth and their possible implications for earthquakes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manshour, Pouya [Department of Physics, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran 11155-9161 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ghasemi, Fatemeh; Sahimi, Muhammad [Mork Family Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-1211 (United States); Matsumoto, T. [Division of Physics and Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa Oiwakecho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); CNRS UMR 6202, Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, BP 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4 (France); Gomez, J. [Earth Sciences Department, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza 50009 (Spain); Peinke, J. [Institute of Physics, Carl von Ossietzky University, D-26111 Oldenburg (Germany); Pacheco, A. F. [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Zaragoza, Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Tabar, M. Reza Rahimi [Department of Physics, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran 11155-9161 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); CNRS UMR 6202, Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, BP 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4 (France); Institute of Physics, Carl von Ossietzky University, D-26111 Oldenburg (Germany); Fachbereich Physik, Universitaet Osnabrueck, Barbarastrasse, 49706 Osnabrueck (Germany)

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    High-quality measurements of seismic activities around the world provide a wealth of data and information that are relevant to understanding of when earthquakes may occur. If viewed as complex stochastic time series, such data may be analyzed by methods that provide deeper insights into their nature, hence leading to better understanding of the data and their possible implications for earthquakes. In this paper, we provide further evidence for our recent proposal [P. Mansour et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 014101 (2009)] for the existence of a transition in the shape of the probability density function (PDF) of the successive detrended increments of the stochastic fluctuations of Earth's vertical velocity V{sub z}, collected by broadband stations before moderate and large earthquakes. To demonstrate the transition, we carried out extensive analysis of the data for V{sub z} for 12 earthquakes in several regions around the world, including the recent catasrophic one in Haiti. The analysis supports the hypothesis that before and near the time of an earthquake, the shape of the PDF undergoes significant and discernable changes, which can be characterized quantitatively. The typical time over which the PDF undergoes the transition is about 5-10 h prior to a moderate or large earthquake.

  11. Prospects for coal briquettes as a substitute fuel for wood and charcoal in US Agency for International Development Assisted countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D.; Stevenson, G.G.; Shelton, R.B.

    1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fuelwood shortages and potential shortages are widespread throughout the developing world, and are becoming increasingly more prevalent because of the clearing of land for subsistence and plantation agriculture, excessive and inefficient commercial timber harvesting for domestic and export construction, and charcoal production to meet rising urban demands. Further, the environmental and socioeconomic consequences of the resulting deforestation are both pervasive and complex. This report focuses on the substitution of coal briquettes for fuelwood. Although substantial adverse health effects could be expected from burning non-anthracite coal or coal briquettes, a well-developed technique, carbonization, exists to convert coal to a safer form for combustion. The costs associated with briquetting and carbonizing coal indicate that ''smokeless'' coal briquettes can be produced at costs competitive with fuelwood and charcoal. The US Agency for International Development (USAID) is working on implementing this energy option in Haiti and Pakistan by (1) evaluating resources, (2) assessing markets, (3) analyzing technologies, (4) studying government policy and planning, and (5) packaging the idea for the private sector to implement. 26 refs., 2 figs., 12 tabs.

  12. Annotated bibliography of coal in the Caribbean region. [Lignite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orndorff, R.C.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of preparing this annotated bibliography was to compile information on coal localities for the Caribbean region used for preparation of a coal map of the region. Also, it serves as a brief reference list of publications for future coal studies in the Caribbean region. It is in no way an exhaustive study or complete listing of coal literature for the Caribbean. All the material was gathered from published literature with the exception of information from Cuba which was supplied from a study by Gordon Wood of the US Geological Survey, Branch of Coal Resources. Following the classification system of the US Geological Survey (Wood and others, 1983), the term coal resources has been used in this report for reference to general estimates of coal quantities even though authors of the material being annotated may have used the term coal reserves in a similar denotation. The literature ranges from 1857 to 1981. The countries listed include Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and the countries of Central America.

  13. A precise narrow-beam filter infrared radiometer and its use with lidar in the ARM Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Platt, C.M.R.

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first six months of the grant (December 1991--May 1992) have been taken up with the design and specification for the new narrow-beam radiometer. The radiometer will be built and tested at the Division of Atmospheric Research over the next three months. Improved algorithms for obtaining cloud extinction have also been developed. It is proposed during 1993 to use the radiometer in conjunction with a new CSIRO 3-wavelength lidar in the ARM PROBE experiment at Kavieng, New Guinea, which is a test mission under tropical conditions for the ARM CART Tropical West Pacific site, and is part of the TOGA COARE experiment. During the latter part of 1992, the radiometer will be tested thoroughly and tested at the Division of Atmospheric Research, Aspendale.

  14. A precise narrow-beam filter infrared radiometer and its use with lidar in the ARM Program. Progress report, 1 December 1991--31 May 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Platt, C.M.R.

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first six months of the grant (December 1991--May 1992) have been taken up with the design and specification for the new narrow-beam radiometer. The radiometer will be built and tested at the Division of Atmospheric Research over the next three months. Improved algorithms for obtaining cloud extinction have also been developed. It is proposed during 1993 to use the radiometer in conjunction with a new CSIRO 3-wavelength lidar in the ARM PROBE experiment at Kavieng, New Guinea, which is a test mission under tropical conditions for the ARM CART Tropical West Pacific site, and is part of the TOGA COARE experiment. During the latter part of 1992, the radiometer will be tested thoroughly and tested at the Division of Atmospheric Research, Aspendale.

  15. C-Band Scanning ARM Precipitation Radar (C-SAPR) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Widener, K; Bharadwaj, N

    2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The C-band scanning ARM precipitation radar (C-SAPR) is a scanning polarimetric Doppler radar transmitting simultaneously in both H and V polarizations. With a 350-kW magnetron transmitter, this puts 125 kW of transmitted power for each polarization. The receiver for the C-SAPR is a National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) -developed Hi-Q system operating in a coherent-on-receive mode. The ARM Climate Research Facility operates two C-SAPRs; one of them is deployed near the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility near the triangular array of X-SAPRs, and the second C-SAPR is deployed at ARM’s Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea.

  16. Darwin : The Third DOE ARM TWP ARCS Site /

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clements, William E.; Jones, L. A. (Larry A.); Baldwin, T. (Tony); Nitschke, K. (Kim)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Department of Energy's (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program began operations in its Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) locale in October 1996 when the first Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Station (ARCS) began collecting data on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Two years later, in November 1998, a second ARCS began operations on the island of Nauru in the Central Pacific. Now a third ARCS has begun collecting data in Darwin, Australia. The Manus, Nauru, and Darwin sites are operated through collaborative agreements with the PNG National Weather Service, The Nauru Department of Industry and Economic Development (IED), and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology's (BOM) Special Services Unit (SSU) respectively. All ARM TWP activities in the region are coordinated with the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) based in Apia, Samoa. The Darwin ARM site and its role in the ARM TWP Program are discussed.

  17. Petrology and geochemistry of the Late Cenozoic volcanic rocks of the Dominican Republic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vespucci, P.D.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Late Cenozoic rocks of Hispaniola are subdivided into two petrographically and geochemically contrasting series, a calc-alkaline series (CA-series), and a mafic alkaline series (MA-series). The CA-series are basalts, basaltic andesites, trachyandesites, and dacites occurring in several eruptive centers in the southern part of the Cordillera Central of the Dominican Republic. MA-series basalts are alkali-olivine basalts and limburgitic basalts occurring in the San Juan Valley of the Dominican republic and in the Cul de Sac of south central Haiti. Olivine, clinopyroxene, amphibole, mica, feldspar, and titanomagnetite were analyzed for major element chemical composition. MA-series basalts are slightly to moderately silica undersaturated, have high TiO2 (>1.5%) and MgO (>5.0%) and moderately high total alkalis (>2.0%). MA-series basalts are enriched in K, Rb, Sr, Ba, U, Th and LREEs with Ba/La ratios around 0.98. REE patterns are fractionated (chrondrite normalized La/Yb ratios around 62, and La/Sm ratios around 6). HFS elements Zr, Hf, Nb, and Ta are high resembling intraplate basalts. 86SR/87SR ratios are high (0.7060-0.7070) with low Rb/Sr ratios (0.03 to 0.15). Basalts, basaltic andesites, trachyandesites, and dacites of the CA-series show low MgO (<5.0%) and TiO2(<2.0%), and moderately high total alkali contents (2 to 7%). Enrichment is seen in K Rb, Sr, Ba, Th, U, and LREEs with Ba/La ratios as high as 5.6 REE patterns are fractionated to a lesser degree compared to the MA-series (chondrite normalized La/Yb around 23, and La/Sm ratios less than 5). HFS elements are lower resembling typical island arc volcanic rocks. CA-series have 87Sr/86Sr ratios (.7043-.7053), with low Rb/Sr ratios as in the MA-series.

  18. Inhalation toxicology of red and violet mixtures. Chamber concentration and particle-size distribution report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higuchi, M.A.; Davies, D.W.

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An inhalation exposure facility was developed at the U.S. EPA, RTP, NC to conduct inhalation exposures of rodents and guinea pigs to dye mixtures used by the U.S. Army in the manufacture of smoke munitions. Initially, an evaluation of the prototype chamber aerosol homogeneity was conducted to determine the uniformity and reproducibility of the concentration and particle size of dye aerosol throughout the breathing zone of the test animals. The three dyes, DR11, SR1, and DB3, were chemically analyzed for purity and optically examined for size and shape. All pure dyes appeared to be stable at room temperature except DB3, which decomposes if not stored at 4 C. The particle size ranges varied for each pure dye and structures were either amorphous (azo dye) or crystalline (anthraquinone dyes). The bulk red and violet dye mixtures were analyzed for composition. The chemical analysis of the relative composition of each dye mixture, collected by cascade impactor sampling, revealed fractionation of the mixtures into component dyes.

  19. LFSC - Linac Feedback Simulation Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ivanov, Valentin; /Fermilab

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The computer program LFSC () is a numerical tool for simulation beam based feedback in high performance linacs. The code LFSC is based on the earlier version developed by a collective of authors at SLAC (L.Hendrickson, R. McEwen, T. Himel, H. Shoaee, S. Shah, P. Emma, P. Schultz) during 1990-2005. That code was successively used in simulation of SLC, TESLA, CLIC and NLC projects. It can simulate as pulse-to-pulse feedback on timescale corresponding to 5-100 Hz, as slower feedbacks, operating in the 0.1-1 Hz range in the Main Linac and Beam Delivery System. The code LFSC is running under Matlab for MS Windows operating system. It contains about 30,000 lines of source code in more than 260 subroutines. The code uses the LIAR ('Linear Accelerator Research code') for particle tracking under ground motion and technical noise perturbations. It uses the Guinea Pig code to simulate the luminosity performance. A set of input files includes the lattice description (XSIF format), and plane text files with numerical parameters, wake fields, ground motion data etc. The Matlab environment provides a flexible system for graphical output.

  20. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    None

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Comparisons between the fecal microbiota of humans from industrialized and non-industrialized communities indicate a pronounced impact of westernization on the diversity and composition of the human gut microbiota. However, the exact consequences of westernization on community characteristics are still insufficiently understood, and the ecological processes that drive differences have not been elucidated. Here we have compared the fecal microbiota of adults from two non-industrialized regions in Papua New Guinea (PNG) with that of United States (US) residents. Papua New Guineans harbor communities with greater bacterial diversity but lower inter-individual variation. Although the fecal microbiota in PNG and US was largelymore »dominated by shared bacterial lineages, the relative abundance of 25 families, 45 genera, and 230 species-level OTUs differed, and 47 core OTUs in PNG were undetectable in US residents. To gain insight into the ecological mechanisms that cause the observed differences, we quantified community assembly processes in PNG and US microbiomes using a null modeling approach. This analysis demonstrated a significant higher rate of bacterial dispersal in PNG and divergent selective environments in the US. Interestingly, equivalent findings were obtained for other datasets comparing industrialized and non-industrialized microbiomes. Overall, the findings demonstrate a dominant role for microbial dispersal in shaping the human gut microbiota in non-industrialized societies, and point to differential selection pressures across individuals as a major factor shaping microbiomes associated with modern lifestyle.« less

  1. Observations of tropical cirrus properties in the pilot radiation observation experiment using lidar and the CSIRO ARM filter radiometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Platt, C.M.R.; Young, S.A.; Manson, P.J.; Patterson, G.R. [CSIRO, Victoria (Australia)

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A narrow beam fast filter radiometer has been developed for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. The radiometer is intended to operate alongside a lidar at ARM sites in a lidar/radiometer (LIRAD) configuration. The radiometer detects in three narrow bands at 8.62-, 10.86-, and 12.04-m central wavelengths in the atmospheric window. In addition, it has a variable field aperture that varies the radiance incident on the detector and also allows the field of view to be tailored to that of a lidar used in the LIRAD technique. The radiometer was deployed in the ARM Pilot Radiation Observation Experiment (PROBE) at Kavieng, Papua New Guinea in January-February 1993. The radiometer worked satisfactorily and appeared to be very stable. The radiometer was compared with a previous CSIRO radiometer and the improved performance of the ARM instrument was very evident. The ARM radiometer was also compared with a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Environmental Technology Laboratories (ETL) interferometer and gave closely equivalent radiances. The LIRAD method was used at Kavieng to obtain the optical properties of cirrus clouds. Continuous observations of water vapor path obtained by the NOAA ETL microwave radiometer were employed to allow for the strong tropical water vapor absorption and emission. Cirrus cells that developed on one morning, independent of other clouds, had measured infrared emittances varying from <0.1 to 1.0.

  2. A precise passive narrow-beam filter infrared radiometer and its use with LIDAR in the ARM program. Progress report, 1 June 1992--31 May 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Platt, C.M.R.

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The work done divides conveniently into two parts. First, the completion of the design and manufacture of the new narrow-beam radiometer, which occupied the period of July to December, 1992. The second part of the report concerns participation of the CSIRO Division of Atmospheric Research (DAR) Lidar/radiometer team in the ARM PROBE experiment at Kavieng, New Ireland, Papua New Guinea as part of the international TOGA COARE experiment. The DAR team participated for about one month from mid-January. The PROBE experiment allowed the new radiometer to be tested under field conditions, a test which was very successful, with very few teething problems. It is proposed during the rest of 1993 and during 1994 to make further tests with the radiometer and particularly to look at using a stirling cycle liquid nitrogen detector to obviate the need for supplies of liquid nitrogen. It is proposed further during 1994 to carry out a thorough analysis of the PROBE data and collaborate with other US PROBE participants in studying and interpreting the observations as a whole. Some further work with the new ARM radiometer will be done during the CSIRO SOCEX experiment.

  3. Human radiation experiments associated with the US Department of Energy and its predecessors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains a listing, description, and selected references for documented human radiation experiments sponsored, supported, or performed by the US Department of Energy (DOE) or its predecessors, including the US Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA), the US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), the Manhattan Engineer District (MED), and the Off ice of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD). The list represents work completed by DOE`s Off ice of Human Radiation Experiments (OHRE) through June 1995. The experiment list is available on the Internet via a Home Page on the World Wide Web (http://www.ohre.doe.gov). The Home Page also includes the full text of Human Radiation Experiments. The Department of Energy Roadmap to the Story and the Records (DOE/EH-0445), published in February 1995, to which this publication is a supplement. This list includes experiments released at Secretary O`Leary`s June 1994 press conference, as well as additional studies identified during the 12 months that followed. Cross-references are provided for experiments originally released at the press conference; for experiments released as part of The DOE Roadmap; and for experiments published in the 1986 congressional report entitled American Nuclear Guinea Pigs: Three Decades of Radiation Experiments on US Citizens. An appendix of radiation terms is also provided.

  4. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) Site.

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    ARM maintains four major, permanent sites for data collection and deploys the ARM Mobile Facility to other sites as determined. The Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site is one of the four fixed sites. It consists of three climate research facilities; the Manus facility on Los Negros Island in Manus, Papua New Guinea (established in 1996); the Nauru facility on Nauru Island, Republic of Nauru (1998); and the Darwin facility in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia (2002). The operations are supported by government agencies in each host country. Covering the area roughly between 10 degrees N and 10 degrees S of the equator and from 130 degrees E to 167 degrees E, the TWP locale includes a region that plays a large role in the interannual variability observed in the global climate system. More than 250,000 TWP data sets from 1996 to the present reside in the ARM Archive. Begin at the TWP information page for links or access data directly from the ARM Archive at http://www.archive.arm.gov/. Users will need to register for a password, but all files are then free for viewing or downloading. The ARM Archive physically resides at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

  5. Binding of iron, zinc, and lead ions from aqueous solution by shea butter (Butyrospermun Parkii) seed husks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eromosele, I.C.; Otitolaye, O.O. (Federal Univ. of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State (Nigeria))

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several workers have reported on the potential use of agricultural products as substrates for the removal of metal ions from aqueous solutions. These studies demonstrated that considerable amounts of metal ions can be removed from aqueous solutions by cellulosic materials. The merit in the use of the latter is their relative abundance and cheapness compared to conventional materials for the removal of toxic metal ions from waste-waters. In some of the studies, chemical modification of cellulosic materials significantly enhanced their ion-binding properties, providing greater flexibility in their applications to a wide range of heavy metal ions. Shea butter plant (Butyrospermun Parkii) normally grows in the wild within the guinea-savana zone of Nigeria. The seeds are a rich source of edible oils and the husks are usually discarded. The husk is thus available in abundance and, hence, there is reason to examine its ion-binding properties for its possible application in the removal of toxic metal ions from industrial waste-waters. This paper reports on preliminary studies of the sorption of iron, zinc and lead ions from aqueous solution by modified and unmodified shea butter seed husks. 8 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  6. An environmental mapping methodology adapted to the needs of petroleum operators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veyradier, L.; Coquelet, D.; Dutrieux, E.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental mapping programs were carried out in three countries of intensive petroleum activity, located in the Gulf of Guinea: Gabon, Nigeria and Congo. The aim was to produce maps of environmental sensitive variables (thematic maps), which are used by the petroleum operating companies for improving the management of the environment. The maps are particularly useful for oil spill response organization or environmental assistance in the development of infrastructures. Whilst carrying out these applications, a mapping methodology adapted to the petroleum industry was developed and tested. In the first section, this methodology is described and illustrated by the above mentioned applications. The specific locations are selected according to their ecological, socioeconomic or petroleum special interest. Remote sensing data are used as an initial source of information. Two types of thematic maps are produced the first one dedicated to the ecological components, and the second one to the infrastructures and the environmental sensitivity, assessed from the ecological and socio-economical components. These maps can be integrated into atlases with accompanying text, and in order to make them more operational, all the mapping data collected are integrated into a Geographical Information System (GIS). In the second section, we present the innovative aspects of these R&D works, which concern mainly the adaptation of remote sensing for the environmental expertise and the use of GIS for full data integration and easy updating.

  7. Spinal Cord Tolerance in the Age of Spinal Radiosurgery: Lessons From Preclinical Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Medin, Paul M., E-mail: Paul.medin@utsouthwestern.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (United States); Boike, Thomas P. [Department of Radiation Oncology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (United States)

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Clinical implementation of spinal radiosurgery has increased rapidly in recent years, but little is known regarding human spinal cord tolerance to single-fraction irradiation. In contrast, preclinical studies in single-fraction spinal cord tolerance have been ongoing since the 1970s. The influences of field length, dose rate, inhomogeneous dose distributions, and reirradiation have all been investigated. This review summarizes literature regarding single-fraction spinal cord tolerance in preclinical models with an emphasis on practical clinical significance. The outcomes of studies that incorporate uniform irradiation are surprisingly consistent among multiple small- and large-animal models. Extensive investigation of inhomogeneous dose distributions in the rat has demonstrated a significant dose-volume effect while preliminary results from one pig study are contradictory. Preclinical spinal cord dose-volume studies indicate that dose distribution is more critical than the volume irradiated suggesting that neither dose-volume histogram analysis nor absolute volume constraints are effective in predicting complications. Reirradiation data are sparse, but results from guinea pig, rat, and pig studies are consistent with the hypothesis that the spinal cord possesses a large capacity for repair. The mechanisms behind the phenomena observed in spinal cord studies are not readily explained and the ability of dose response models to predict outcomes is variable underscoring the need for further investigation. Animal studies provide insight into the phenomena and mechanisms of radiosensitivity but the true significance of animal studies can only be discovered through clinical trials.

  8. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    None

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Comparisons between the fecal microbiota of humans from industrialized and non-industrialized communities indicate a pronounced impact of westernization on the diversity and composition of the human gut microbiota. However, the exact consequences of westernization on community characteristics are still insufficiently understood, and the ecological processes that drive differences have not been elucidated. Here we have compared the fecal microbiota of adults from two non-industrialized regions in Papua New Guinea (PNG) with that of United States (US) residents. Papua New Guineans harbor communities with greater bacterial diversity but lower inter-individual variation. Although the fecal microbiota in PNG and US was largely dominated by shared bacterial lineages, the relative abundance of 25 families, 45 genera, and 230 species-level OTUs differed, and 47 core OTUs in PNG were undetectable in US residents. To gain insight into the ecological mechanisms that cause the observed differences, we quantified community assembly processes in PNG and US microbiomes using a null modeling approach. This analysis demonstrated a significant higher rate of bacterial dispersal in PNG and divergent selective environments in the US. Interestingly, equivalent findings were obtained for other datasets comparing industrialized and non-industrialized microbiomes. Overall, the findings demonstrate a dominant role for microbial dispersal in shaping the human gut microbiota in non-industrialized societies, and point to differential selection pressures across individuals as a major factor shaping microbiomes associated with modern lifestyle.

  9. Establishing a Point of Departure for Risk Assessment Using Acute Inhalation Toxicology Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bast, Cheryl B [ORNL; Rusch, George M. [Honeywell International; Cavender, Finis [Consultant

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple method is presented for estimating a non-lethal level for inhalation toxicity studies. By reviewing 209 LC50 studies representing 96 chemicals that also reported a non-lethal level, it has been shown that taking 1/3 of the LC50 is a conservative estimate for a non-lethal exposure level. This approach was also compared to studies with LC01 and BMCL05 calculations. In the 38 studies that reported either of these values, again taking 1/3 of the LC50 provided a more conservation estimate for the non-lethal threshold. The studies included time intervals from 5 minutes out to 8 hours and utilized multiple species such as the rat, mouse, hamster, guinea pig and dog. In all but 13 cases, taking 1/3 of the LC50 provided a more conservative estimate for a non-lethal exposure level compared to the experimentally observed value. In all but one of the 13 cases, the higher values were consequences of the selection of the exposure levels.

  10. Structural/functional relationships between internal and external MSH receptors: modulation of expression in Cloudman melanoma cells by UVB radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chakraborty, A.K.; Orlow, S.J.; Bolognia, J.L.; Pawelek, J.M. (Department of Dermatology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT (USA))

    1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Expression of internal receptors for MSH is an important criterion for responsiveness to MSH by Cloudman melanoma cells. Here, we show that internal and external receptors for MSH are of identical molecular weights (50-53 kDa) and share common antigenic determinants, indicating a structural relationship between the 2 populations of molecules. The internal receptors co-purified with a sub-cellular fraction highly enriched for small vesicles, many of which were coated. Ultraviolet B light (UVB) acted synergistically with MSH to increase tyrosinase activity and melanin content of cultured Cloudman melanoma cells, consistent with previous findings in the skin of mice and guinea pigs. Preceding the rise in tyrosinase activity in cultured cells, UVB elicited a decrease in internal MSH binding sites and a concomitant increase in external sites. The time frame for the UVB effects on MSH receptors and melanogenesis, 48 hours, was similar to that for a response to solar radiation in humans. Together, the results indicate a key role for MSH receptors in the induction of melanogenesis by UVB and suggest a potential mechanism of action for UVB: redistribution of MSH receptors with a resultant increase in cellular responsiveness to MSH.

  11. ARM Research in the Equatorial Western Pacific: A Decade and Counting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Long, Charles N.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Del Genio, Anthony D.; Minnis, Patrick; Ackerman, Thomas P.; Mather, James H.; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Mace, Gerald G.; Jensen, Michael; Jakob, Christian

    2013-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The tropical western Pacific (TWP) is an important climatic region. Strong solar heating, warm sea surface temperatures and the annual progression of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) across this region generate abundant convective systems, which through their effects on the heat and water budgets have a profound impact on global climate and precipitation. To accurately represent tropical cloud systems in models, measurements of tropical clouds, the environment in which they reside, and their impact on the radiation and water budgets are needed. Because of the remote location, ground-based datasets of cloud, atmosphere, and radiation properties from the TWP region have traditionally come primarily from short-term field experiments. While providing extremely useful information on physical processes, these datasets are limited in statistical and climatological information because of their short duration. To provide long-term measurements of the surface radiation budget in the tropics, and the atmospheric properties that affect it, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program established a measurement site on Manus Island, Papua New Guinea in 1996 and on the island republic of Nauru in late 1998. These sites provide unique datasets available from more than 10 years of operation in the equatorial western Pacific on Manus and Nauru. We present examples of the scientific use of these datasets including characterization of cloud properties, analysis of cloud radiative forcing, model studies of tropical clouds and processes, and validation of satellite algorithms. We also note new instrumentation recently installed at the Manus site that will expand opportunities for tropical atmospheric science.

  12. The evolution and hydrocarbon habitat of the Papuan fold belt, PNG

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dalton, D.G.; Smith, R.I.; Cawley, S.J. (BP Australia Ltd., Melbourne, Victoria (Australia))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After over 70 years of hydrocarbon exploration in the Papuan fold belt of PNG (Papua New Guinea) there have been a number of hydrocarbon discoveries over recent years that have confirmed its potential as a significant producing province. The Papuan basin developed during the early Mesozoic as part of the northeast corner of the Australian passive margin. The basin's tertiary evolution and the development of the Papuan fold belt within the Papuan basin has evolved in response to oblique convergence between the northerly moving Australian plate and westerly moving Pacific plate. Restacking of the Mesozoic passive margin sequence within the Papuan Basin was initiated in the early miocene by southward abduction of the Solomon Sea plate and the subsequent collision, in the late Miocene, of the Melanesian Island arc along the northeastern margin of PNG. This later collision provided the driving mechanism for the development of the papuan thrust belt. To date, all the significant hydrocarbon discoveries made within the Papuan fold belt have been located within the frontal zone of the fold belt, which is characterized by relatively simple ramp anticlines and thick-skinned inversion structures. The primary proven reservoir fairway is the Jurassic Toro formation, which is a sequence of stacked submarine bars prograding out across a shallow-marine low-gradient shelf. Geochemical analysis of produced hydrocarbons and samples collected from the many surface seeps found in the fold belt indicate two main families of oil. A model explains the distribution of hydrocarbons discovered to date, which involves Jurassic and Cretaceous source intervals and a complex history of secondary migration and entrapment. The unique technical problems associated with exploration of the Papuan fold belt leave many elements of the proven play systems uncertain, but in so doing, they present many challenges and opportunities for the future.

  13. Late Ordovician geographic patterns of extinction compared with simulations of astrophysical ionizing radiation damage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adrian L. Melott; Brian C. Thomas

    2009-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on the intensity and rates of various kinds of intense ionizing radiation events such as supernovae and gamma-ray bursts, it is likely that the Earth has been subjected to one or extinction level events during the Phanerozoic. These induce changes in atmospheric chemistry so that the level of Solar ultraviolet-B radiation reaching the surface and near-surface waters may be doubled for up to a decade. This UVB level is known from experiment to be more than enough to kill off many kinds of organisms, particularly phytoplankton. It could easily induce a crash of the photosynthetic-based food chain in the oceans. Regularities in the latitudinal distribution of damage are apparent in simulations of the atmospheric changes. We previously proposed that the late Ordovician extinction is a plausible candidate for a contribution from an ionizing radiation event, based on environmental selectivity in trilobites. To test a null hypothesis based on this proposal, we confront latitudinal differential extinction rates predicted from the simulations with data from a published analysis of latitudinal gradients in the Ordovician extinction. The pattern of UVB damage always shows a strong maximum at some latitude, with substantially lower intensity to the north and south of this maximum. We find that the pattern of damage predicted from our simulations is consistent with the data assuming a burst approximately over the South Pole, and no further north than -75 degrees. We predict that any land mass (such as parts of north China, Laurentia, and New Guinea) which then lay north of the equator should be a refuge from UVB effects, and show a different pattern of extinction in the first strike of the end-Ordovician extinction, if induced by such a radiation event.

  14. The formation and maintenance of single-thread tie channels entering floodplain lakes: observations from three diverse river systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rowland, Joel C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dietrich, William E [UC BERKELEY; Day, Geoff [NEWCREST MINING; Parker, Gary [UNIV OF ILLINOIS

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tie channels connect rivers to floodplain lakes on many lowland rivers and thereby play a central role in floodplain sedimentology and ecology, yet they are generally unrecognized and little studied. here we report the results of field studies focused on tie channel origin and morphodynamics in three contrasting systems: the Middle Fly River, Papua New Guinea, the Lower Mississippi River, and Birch Creek in Alaska. Across these river systems, tie channels vary by an order of magnitude in size but exhibit the same characteristic morphology and appear to develop and evolve by a similar set of processes. In all three systems, the channels are characterized by a narrow, leveed single-thread morphology with maximum width approximately one tenth the width of the mainstem river. The channels typically have a V shaped cross-section, unlike most fluvial channels. These channels develop as lakes become isolated from the river by sedimentation. Narrowing of the connection between river and lake causes a sediment-laden jet to develop. Levees develop along the margins of the jet leading to channel emergence and eventual levee aggradation to the height of the mainstem levees. Bi-directional flow in these channels is common. Outflows from the lake scour sediment and prevent channel blockage. We propose that channel geometry and size are then controlled by a dynamic balance between channel narrowing by suspended sediment deposition and incision and widening by mass failure of banks during outflows. Tie channels are laterally stable and may convey flow for hundreds to a few thousand of years.

  15. Anti-addiction drug ibogaine inhibits voltage-gated ionic currents: A study to assess the drug's cardiac ion channel profile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koenig, Xaver; Kovar, Michael; Rubi, Lena; Mike, Agnes K.; Lukacs, Peter; Gawali, Vaibhavkumar S.; Todt, Hannes [Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Department of Neurophysiology and -pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna (Austria); Hilber, Karlheinz, E-mail: karlheinz.hilber@meduniwien.ac.at [Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Department of Neurophysiology and -pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna (Austria); Sandtner, Walter [Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Institute of Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna (Austria)

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The plant alkaloid ibogaine has promising anti-addictive properties. Albeit not licenced as a therapeutic drug, and despite hints that ibogaine may perturb the heart rhythm, this alkaloid is used to treat drug addicts. We have recently reported that ibogaine inhibits human ERG (hERG) potassium channels at concentrations similar to the drugs affinity for several of its known brain targets. Thereby the drug may disturb the heart's electrophysiology. Here, to assess the drug's cardiac ion channel profile in more detail, we studied the effects of ibogaine and its congener 18-Methoxycoronaridine (18-MC) on various cardiac voltage-gated ion channels. We confirmed that heterologously expressed hERG currents are reduced by ibogaine in low micromolar concentrations. Moreover, at higher concentrations, the drug also reduced human Na{sub v}1.5 sodium and Ca{sub v}1.2 calcium currents. Ion currents were as well reduced by 18-MC, yet with diminished potency. Unexpectedly, although blocking hERG channels, ibogaine did not prolong the action potential (AP) in guinea pig cardiomyocytes at low micromolar concentrations. Higher concentrations (? 10 ?M) even shortened the AP. These findings can be explained by the drug's calcium channel inhibition, which counteracts the AP-prolonging effect generated by hERG blockade. Implementation of ibogaine's inhibitory effects on human ion channels in a computer model of a ventricular cardiomyocyte, on the other hand, suggested that ibogaine does prolong the AP in the human heart. We conclude that therapeutic concentrations of ibogaine have the propensity to prolong the QT interval of the electrocardiogram in humans. In some cases this may lead to cardiac arrhythmias. - Highlights: • We study effects of anti-addiction drug ibogaine on ionic currents in cardiomyocytes. • We assess the cardiac ion channel profile of ibogaine. • Ibogaine inhibits hERG potassium, sodium and calcium channels. • Ibogaine’s effects on ion channels are a potential source of cardiac arrhythmias. • 18-Methoxycoronaridine has a lower affinity for cardiac ion channels than ibogaine.

  16. Radiative Heating of the ISCCP Upper Level Cloud Regimes and its Impact on the Large-scale Tropical Circulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Wei; Schumacher, Courtney; McFarlane, Sally A.

    2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiative heating profiles of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) cloud regimes (or weather states) were estimated by matching ISCCP observations with radiative properties derived from cloud radar and lidar measurements from the Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) sites at Manus, Papua New Guinea, and Darwin, Australia. Focus was placed on the ISCCP cloud regimes containing the majority of upper level clouds in the tropics, i.e., mesoscale convective systems (MCSs), deep cumulonimbus with cirrus, mixed shallow and deep convection, and thin cirrus. At upper levels, these regimes have average maximum cloud occurrences ranging from 30% to 55% near 12 km with variations depending on the location and cloud regime. The resulting radiative heating profiles have maxima of approximately 1 K/day near 12 km, with equal heating contributions from the longwave and shortwave components. Upper level minima occur near 15 km, with the MCS regime showing the strongest cooling of 0.2 K/day and the thin cirrus showing no cooling. The gradient of upper level heating ranges from 0.2 to 0.4 K/(day?km), with the most convectively active regimes (i.e., MCSs and deep cumulonimbus with cirrus) having the largest gradient. When the above heating profiles were applied to the 25-year ISCCP data set, the tropics-wide average profile has a radiative heating maximum of 0.45Kday-1 near 250 hPa. Column-integrated radiative heating of upper level cloud accounts for about 20% of the latent heating estimated by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Precipitation Radar (PR). The ISCCP radiative heating of tropical upper level cloud only slightly modifies the response of an idealized primitive equation model forced with the tropics-wide TRMM PR latent heating, which suggests that the impact of upper level cloud is more important to large-scale tropical circulation variations because of convective feedbacks rather than direct forcing by the cloud radiative heating profiles. However, the height of the radiative heating maxima and gradient of the heating profiles are important to determine the sign and patterns of the horizontal circulation anomaly driven by radiative heating at upper levels.

  17. Candidate mosaic proteins for a pan-filoviral cytotoxic T-Cell lymphocyte vaccine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fenimore, Paul W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fischer, William M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kuiken, Carla [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Foley, Brian T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thurmond, J R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yusim, K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Korber, B T [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The extremely high fatality rates of many filovirus (FILV) strains the recurrent but rarely identified origin of human epidemics, the only partly identified viral reservoirs and the continuing non-human primate epizootics in Africa make a broadly-protective filovirus vaccine highly desirable. Cytotoxic T-cells (CTL) have been shown to be protective in mice, guinea pigs and non-human primates. In murine models the cytotoxic T-cell epitopes that are protective against Ebola virus have been mapped and in non-human primates CTL-mediated protection between viral strains (John Dye: specify) has been demonstrated using two filoviral proteins, nucleoprotein (NP) and glycoprotein (GP). These immunological results suggest that the CTL avenue of immunity deserves consideration for a vaccine. The poorly-understood viral reservoirs means that it is difficult to predict what strains are likely to cause epidemics. Thus, there is a premium on developing a pan-filoviral vaccine. The genetic diversity of FILV is large, roughly the same scale as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This presents a serious challenge for the vaccine designer because a traditional vaccine aspiring to pan-filoviral coverage is likely to require the inclusion of many antigenic reagents. A recent method for optimizing cytotoxic T-cell lymphocyte epitope coverage with mosaic antigens was successful in improving potential CTL epitope coverage against HIV and may be useful in the context of very different viruses, such as the filoviruses discussed here. Mosaic proteins are recombinants composed of fragments of wild-type proteins joined at locations resulting in exclusively natural k-mers, 9 {le} k {le} 15, and having approximately the same length as the wild-type proteins. The use of mosaic antigens is motivated by three conjectures: (1) optimizing a mosaic protein to maximize coverage of k-mers found in a set of reference proteins will give better odds of including broadly-protective CTL epitopes in a vaccine than is possible with a wild-type protein, (2) reducing the number of low-prevalence k-mers minimizes the likelihood of undesirable immunodominance, and (3) excluding exogenous k-mers will result in mosaic proteins whose processing for presentation is close to what occurs with wild-type proteins. The first and second applications of the mosaic method were to HIV and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). HIV is the virus with the largest number of known sequences, and consequently a plethora of information for the CTL vaccine designer to incorporate into their mosaics. Experience with HIV and HCV mosaics supports the validity of the three conjectures above. The available FILV sequences are probably closer to the minimum amount of information needed to make a meaningful mosaic vaccine candidate. There were 532 protein sequences in the National Institutes of Health GenPept database in November 2007 when our reference set was downloaded. These sequences come from both Ebola and Marburg viruses (EBOV and MARV), representing transcripts of all 7 genes. The coverage of viral diversity by the 7 genes is variable, with genes 1 (nucleoprotein, NP), 4 (glycoprotein, GP; soluble glycoprotein, sGP) and 7 (polymerase, L) giving the best coverage. Broadly-protective vaccine candidates for diverse viruses, such as HIV or Hepatitis C virus (HCV) have required pools of antigens. FILV is similar in this regard. While we have designed CTL mosaic proteins using all 7 types of filoviral proteins, only NP, GP and L proteins are reported here. If it were important to include other proteins in a mosaic CTL vaccine, additional sequences would be required to cover the space of known viral diversity.