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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "guinea gabon mauritania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Atlas de la Biodiversit Marine du Gabon Marine Biodiversity Atlas for Gabon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atlas de la Biodiversité Marine du Gabon Marine Biodiversity Atlas for Gabon Version 1: Avril 2012, Matthew J Witt #12;Atlas de la Biodiversité Marine du Gabon Marine Biodiversity Atlas for Gabon 1 Introduction Bienvenue à l'atlas Darwin de la Biodiversité Marine du Gabon (version 1; avril 2012). La mission

Exeter, University of

2

Mauritania-IAEA Cooperation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories on climateJunoMedanosElectric Co Ltd Jump to: navigation,Mauritania

3

The ins and outs of manioc diversity in Gabon, Central Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, of similar interactions between farming practices and the biological traits of the crops in their areas-level studies of traditional manioc farming systems in Gabon, central Africa. Combining ethnobotanical their own folk ecological knowledge of the crop. The patterns of folk reasoning with respect

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

4

Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

NONE

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Record of Cycling Operation of the Natural Nuclear Reactor in the Oklo/Okelobondo Area in Gabon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Record of Cycling Operation of the Natural Nuclear Reactor in the Oklo/Okelobondo Area in Gabon A billion yr old Oklo natural nuclear reactor. In addition to elevated abundances of fission-produced Zr, Ce nuclear chain reaction was predicted by Kuroda [1] 20 years before the remnants of the natural reactor

6

Vegetation History And Logging Disturbance: Effects On Rain Forest In The Lope Reserve, Gabon (With Special Emphasis On Elephants and Apes)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An investigation of the effects of commercial mechanised selective logging on rain forest vegetation and mammals, was undertaken in the Lope Reserve, central Gabon, between January 1989 to July 1991. Vegetation in Lope ...

White, Lee JT

7

Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

U-Pb single zircon grain dating of Present fluvial and Cenozoic aeolian sediments from Gabon: consequences on sediment provenance, reworking, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

U-Pb single zircon grain dating of Present fluvial and Cenozoic aeolian sediments from Gabon: consequences on sediment provenance, reworking, and erosion processes on the equatorial West African margin margin, Denudation, Cenozoic, Sedimentary sources, Detrital sediment. Abstract. ­ U-Pb ages obtained from

Demouchy, Sylvie

9

Petroleum Service Projects in the Gulf of Guinea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

carried out by the OIS group in the gulf of Guinea. The following are the specific projects in the Gulf of Guinea that I participated in: Managing delivering, maintenance and marketing of offshore vessels, Offshore pipe laying project, Integrated pipeline...

Ken-Worgu, Kenneth Chukwumeka

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

10

Drowned carbonate platforms in the Bismarck Sea, Papua New Guinea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

subsidence caused by G. Hoffmann (&) E. Silver UniversitySea, Papua New Guinea Gary Hoffmann Eli Silver Simon Day

Hoffmann, Gary; Silver, Eli; Day, Simon; Driscoll, Neal; Appelgate, Bruce

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

ATP is released from guinea pig ureter epithelium on distension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATP is released from guinea pig ureter epithelium on distension G. E. KNIGHT,1 P. BODIN,1 W. C. DE Knight, G. E., P. Bodin, W. C. De Groat, and G. Burn- stock. ATP is released from guinea pig ureter.2001.--Distension of the perfused guinea pig ureter at pressures from 20 to 700 cmH2O in- creased the amount of ATP

Burnstock, Geoffrey

12

Papua New Guinea: World Oil Report 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on oil exploration which is booming in Papua New Guinea (PNG) following a rash of license applications and farm-ins. Most activity is onshore, but success is beginning to drift offshore. Currently, 40 petroleum prospecting licenses (PPL) and one producing license are active, and eight more PPL applications are being considered. PNG is expected to become an oil exporter by September 1992 when initial production is expected from Iagifu, Hedina and Agogo fields.

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

RICHARD H. GRANT, Professor of Agro-micrometeorology, Department of Agronomy, Purdue University B.S. 1977 Duke University (Distinction) 1974-1977  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Management Association International Solar Energy Society Gamma Sigma Delta honorary agriculture research, Hungary, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Mauritania, Mexico, Morroco, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Peoples Republic

Jackson, Scott A.

14

--No Title--  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia, The Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea...

15

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

Brown, S.

2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

16

E-Print Network 3.0 - adult guinea pig Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

; Engineering 37 Washington University Can the Sound Generated by Modern Wind Turbines Summary: ;Washington University Hearing in guinea pigs compared to humansHearing in...

17

AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES

Royal Holloway, University of London

19

Preliminary Report on the Feeding Habits of Tunas in the Gulf of Guinea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) and 72 skipjack tuna ( Katsuwonus pelamis ), captured in the Gulf of Guinea, contained mostly fishes ( Katsuwonus pelamis) are shown in figure 1. During the surveys, 171 yellowfin and 72 skipjack tunas were

20

T cell response to oral immunization with cow's milk proteins in guinea pigs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were found to be the most common sensitizing T cell antigens in orally sensitized guinea pigs. The lymphocyte stimulation assay with highly purified antigens could be useful in the diagnosis of cow's milk allergy in humans....

Chitla, Suhasini Reddy

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "guinea gabon mauritania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA: THE MODELING. This sediment flows from the Ok Tedi to the Fly River, eventually reaching the Gulf of Papua. This document River. The second author of this report has been served as the sediment transport consultant for Ok Tedi

Parker, Gary

22

Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe are characterized by low beta diversity, both in tropical and in temperate areas. Location Lowland forests tracking. The community data were analysed for alpha and beta diversity. Results Local (alpha) diversity

23

Substrate-limited electron dynamics in graphene S. Fratini1,2 and F. Guinea2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Substrate-limited electron dynamics in graphene S. Fratini1,2 and F. Guinea2 1Institut Néel dynamics in graphene. We find that the quasiparticle spectrum acquires a finite broadening due to the long-range interaction with the polar modes at the interface between graphene and the substrate. This mechanism results

Boyer, Edmond

24

Humans and Volcanoes in Australia and New Guinea. Peter Bindon (1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as a resource. 1 1. Anthropology Department, Western Australian Museum, Perth 6000 AUSTRALIA 2. CDRADHumans and Volcanoes in Australia and New Guinea. Peter Bindon (1) and Jean-Paul Raynal (2) ,1 de mythes d'aquisition du feu. FIRST COLONIZATION OF AUSTRALIA The occupation of greater Australia

Boyer, Edmond

25

REVIEW OF POLYRHACHIS (CYRTOMYRMA) FOREL (HYMENOPTERA: FORMICIDAE: FORMICINAE) OF AUSTRALIA, BORNEO, NEW GUINEA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, NEW GUINEA AND THE SOLOMON ISLANDS WITH DESCRIPTIONS OF NEW SPECIES RUDOLF J. KOHOUT Kohout, R.J. 2006. Kohout, Queensland Museum, PO Box 3300, South Brisbane 4101, Australia (email: kohout@powerup.com.au); 22 (Robson & Kohout, 2005). Examination ofAustralian material revealed several new species, particularly

Villemant, Claire

26

Supplement 21, Part 7, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Hosts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Caligus malabaricus: Torres Strait off Northern Australia Caligus sp. A: Sierra Leone; Gabon Caligodes laciniatus: Florida; Caribbean Sea; off Mississippi coast; off Surinam; off northern Brazil; Cape Verde Islands; Gulf of Guinea; off Sierra Leone...

Zidar, Judith A; Shaw, Judith H.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Kirby, Margie D.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

The development stories of equatorial Guinea and Botswana : a game theory model of how public-private partnerships can turn resources from a curse into a blessing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The growth acceleration episodes characterizing Botswana and Equatorial Guinea were based on the respective discoveries of diamonds and oil. However, while Botswana, already characterized by inclusive and democratic ...

Rizzati, Valentina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Freedom of Information and Petroleum Development in the Gulf of Guinea Region| A Comparative Analysis of the Legal Frameworks in Nigeria, Ghana, and Liberia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Recent discoveries of oil and natural gas in the Gulf of Guinea have renewed interest in petroleum development in West Africa. This news is (more)

Calhoun, John Paul

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Mauritania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis a townLoadingMastic,(Redirected

30

Effect of high oleic acid pork on tissue lipids of guinea pigs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF HIGH OLEIC ACID PORK ON TISSUE LIP IDS OF GUINEA PIGS A Thesis by TAMMI TINKER FLYNN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AIIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... diets did not change the rate of receptor- mediated hepatic uptake of LDL-cholesterol in hamsters. Anton (36) summarized a number of studies which used rats and rabbits to show that diets rich in oleic acid caused an increase in liver cholesterol...

Flynn, Tammi Tinker

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Complex adenovirus-vectored vaccine protects guinea pigs from three strains of Marburg virus challenges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Marburg virus (MARV), an African filovirus closely related to the Ebola virus, causes a deadly hemorrhagic fever in humans, with up to 90% mortality. Currently, treatment of disease is only supportive, and no vaccines are available to prevent spread of MARV infections. In order to address this need, we have developed and characterized a novel recombinant vaccine that utilizes a single complex adenovirus-vectored vaccine (cAdVax) to overexpress a MARV glycoprotein (GP) fusion protein derived from the Musoke and Ci67 strains of MARV. Vaccination with the cAdVaxM(fus) vaccine led to efficient production of MARV-specific antibodies in both mice and guinea pigs. Significantly, guinea pigs vaccinated with at least 5 x 10{sup 7} pfu of cAdVaxM(fus) vaccine were 100% protected against lethal challenges by the Musoke, Ci67 and Ravn strains of MARV, making it a vaccine with trivalent protective efficacy. Therefore, the cAdVaxM(fus) vaccine serves as a promising vaccine candidate to prevent and contain multi-strain infections by MARV.

Wang Danher [Division of Bio-defense Vaccines, GenPhar Inc., 871 Lowcountry Blvd., Mount Pleasant, SC 29464 (United States); Hevey, Michael [Virology Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID), 1425 Porter Street, Fort Detrick, MD 21702-5011 (United States); Juompan, Laure Y. [Division of Bio-defense Vaccines, GenPhar Inc., 871 Lowcountry Blvd., Mount Pleasant, SC 29464 (United States); Trubey, Charles M. [Division of Bio-defense Vaccines, GenPhar Inc., 871 Lowcountry Blvd., Mount Pleasant, SC 29464 (United States); Raja, Nicholas U. [Division of Bio-defense Vaccines, GenPhar Inc., 871 Lowcountry Blvd., Mount Pleasant, SC 29464 (United States); Deitz, Stephen B. [Division of Bio-defense Vaccines, GenPhar Inc., 871 Lowcountry Blvd., Mount Pleasant, SC 29464 (United States); Woraratanadharm, Jan [Division of Bio-defense Vaccines, GenPhar Inc., 871 Lowcountry Blvd., Mount Pleasant, SC 29464 (United States); Luo Min [Division of Bio-defense Vaccines, GenPhar Inc., 871 Lowcountry Blvd., Mount Pleasant, SC 29464 (United States); Yu Hong [Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical University of South Carolina, 173 Ashley Ave., BSB 201, Charleston, SC 29403 (United States); Swain, Benjamin M. [Division of Bio-defense Vaccines, GenPhar Inc., 871 Lowcountry Blvd., Mount Pleasant, SC 29464 (United States); Moore, Kevin M. [Division of Bio-defense Vaccines, GenPhar Inc., 871 Lowcountry Blvd., Mount Pleasant, SC 29464 (United States); Dong, John Y. [Division of Bio-defense Vaccines, GenPhar Inc., 871 Lowcountry Blvd., Mount Pleasant, SC 29464 (United States) and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical University of South Carolina, 173 Ashley Ave., BSB 201, Charleston, SC 29403 (United States)]. E-mail: dongj@genphar.com

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

32

The role of CCL5 (RANTES) in the immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the guinea pig  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the current TB vaccine, Mycobacterium bovis BCG. Recombinant guinea pig (rgp)CCL5 and anti-rgpCCL5 were developed and characterized. The biological activity of rgpCCL5 was determined in a chemotaxis assay using T lymphocytes and pleural exudate cells...

Skwor, Troy Arthur

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

33

GONGED (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development of an online facility of images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of an online facility of images Jeremy D. Holloway, Scott E. Miller, David M. Pollock, Lauren Helgen & Karolyn (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development of an online facility. The product is expected to be an illustrated atlas of some 1500 species that will in turn be linked to similar

Mathis, Wayne N.

34

Gabon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power Basics (TheEtelligence (SmartHomeFremont,usingGEO2GHGeniusFinanceAfrica

35

The effect of polyunsaturated fatty acid peroxidation on cholesterol concentrations in plasma, aorta, liver, and spleen of the guinea pig  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biochemistry and Metabolism with Clinical Applications (Linder, M. , ed. ), pp. 33-50, Elsevier Science Publishing Company, Inc. , New York. 20. Stocks, J. & Dormandy, T. (1971) The autoxidation of human red cells lipids induced by 36 hydrogen peroxide...THE EFFECT OF POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACID PEROXIDATION ON CHOLESTEROL CONCENTRAT IONS IN PLASMA AORTA g LIVER g AND SPLEEN OF THE GUINEA PIG A Thesis by SHEILA MARIE CORRIGAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University...

Corrigan, Sheila Marie

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Mast cells in citric acid-induced cough of guinea pigs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It was demonstrated previously that mast cells play an important role in citric acid (CA)-induced airway constriction. To investigate the role of mast cells in CA-induced cough, three experiments were carried out in this study. In the first experiment, 59 guinea pigs were employed and we used compound 48/80 to deplete mast cells, cromolyn sodium to stabilize mast cells, MK-886 to inhibit leukotriene synthesis, pyrilamine to antagonize histamine H{sub 1} receptor, methysergide to antagonize serotonin receptor, and indomethacin to inhibit cyclooxygenase. In the second experiment, 56 compound 48/80-pretreated animals were divided into two parts; the first one was used to test the role of exogenous leukotriene (LT) C{sub 4}, while the second one to test the role of exogenous histamine in CA-induced cough. Each animal with one of the above pretreatments was exposed sequentially to saline (baseline) and CA (0.6 M) aerosol, each for 3 min. Then, cough was recorded for 12 min using a barometric body plethysmograph. In the third experiment, the activation of mast cells upon CA inhalation was investigated by determining arterial plasma histamine concentration in 17 animals. Exposure to CA induced a marked increase in cough number. Compound 48/80, cromolyn sodium, MK-886 and pyrilamine, but not indomethacin or methysergide, significantly attenuated CA-induced cough. Injection of LTC{sub 4} or histamine caused a significant increase in CA-induced cough in compound 48/80-pretreated animals. In addition, CA inhalation caused significant increase in plasma histamine concentration, which was blocked by compound 48/80 pretreatment. These results suggest that mast cells play an important role in CA aerosol inhalation-induced cough via perhaps mediators LTs and histamine.

Lai, Y.-L. [Department of Physiology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei 100, Taiwan (China)]. E-mail: tiger@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw; Lin, T.-Y. [Department of Physiology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei 100, Taiwan (China)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Ascorbic acid suppresses endotoxemia and NF-?B signaling cascade in alcoholic liver fibrosis in guinea pigs: A mechanistic approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Alcohol consumption increases the small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and intestinal permeability of endotoxin. The endotoxin mediated inflammatory signaling plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. We evaluated the effect of ascorbic acid (AA), silymarin and alcohol abstention on the alcohol induced endotoxemia and NF-?B activation cascade pathway in guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus). Guinea pigs were administered ethanol at a daily dose of 4 g/kg b.wt for 90 days. After 90 days, ethanol administration was stopped. The ethanol treated animals were divided into abstention, silymarin (250 mg/kg b.wt) and AA (250 mg/kg b.wt) supplemented groups and maintained for 30 days. The SIBO, intestinal permeability and endotoxin were significantly increased in the ethanol group. The mRNA expressions of intestinal proteins claudin, occludin and zona occludens-1 were significantly decreased in ethanol group. The mRNA levels of inflammatory receptors, activity of IKK? and the protein expressions of phospho-I?B?, NF-?B, TNF-?, TGF-?{sub 1} and IL-6 were also altered in ethanol group. The expressions of fibrosis markers ?-SMA, ?{sub 1} (I) collagen and sirius red staining in the liver revealed the induction of fibrosis. But the supplementation of AA could induce greater reduction of ethanol induced SIBO, intestinal barrier defects, NF-?B activation and liver fibrosis than silymarin. The possible mechanism may be the inhibitory effect of AA on SIBO, intestinal barrier defect and IKK?, which decreased the activation of NF-?B and synthesis of cytokines. This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis. - Highlights: Alcohol increases intestinal bacterial overgrowth and permeability of endotoxin. Endotoxin mediated inflammation plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. Ascorbic acid reduces endotoxemia, NF-?B activation and proinflammatory cytokines. AA's action is by inhibition of SIBO, IKK? and alteration of intestinal permeability. This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis.

Abhilash, P.A.; Harikrishnan, R.; Indira, M., E-mail: indiramadambath@gmail.com

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

38

Effects of protein or zinc deficiency on cellular immunity in vaccinated and non-vaccinated guinea pigs with experimentally induced pulmonary listeriosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECTS OF PROTEIN OR ZINC DEFICIENCY ON CELLULAR IMMUNITY IN VACCINATED AND NON-VACCINATED GUINEA PIGS WITH EXPERIMENTALLY INDUCED PULMONARY LISTERIOS I 8 A Thesi s by LEZLEE HELAINE GRAHAM COGHLAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas... animals were vaccinated on day 23, and all received aerosol challenge on day 33 and were killed 4 days later. Both zinc and protein deficiency resulted in animals that were clinically abnormal in growth patterns, hematology, ability to mount a delayed...

Coghlan, Lezlee Helaine Graham

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Wader Count of the Baie Darguin, Mauritania, in February 1997  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Leo Zwarts, Jan Van Der Kamp, Otto Overdijk, Tom Van Spanje, Ronnie Veldkamp, Rodney West, Mick Wright ...

40

Mutations Abrogating VP35 Interaction with Double-Stranded RNA Render Ebola Virus Avirulent in Guinea Pigs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ebola virus (EBOV) protein VP35 is a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) binding inhibitor of host interferon (IFN)-{alpha}/{beta} responses that also functions as a viral polymerase cofactor. Recent structural studies identified key features, including a central basic patch, required for VP35 dsRNA binding activity. To address the functional significance of these VP35 structural features for EBOV replication and pathogenesis, two point mutations, K319A/R322A, that abrogate VP35 dsRNA binding activity and severely impair its suppression of IFN-{alpha}/{beta} production were identified. Solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography reveal minimal structural perturbations in the K319A/R322A VP35 double mutant and suggest that loss of basic charge leads to altered function. Recombinant EBOVs encoding the mutant VP35 exhibit, relative to wild-type VP35 viruses, minimal growth attenuation in IFN-defective Vero cells but severe impairment in IFN-competent cells. In guinea pigs, the VP35 mutant virus revealed a complete loss of virulence. Strikingly, the VP35 mutant virus effectively immunized animals against subsequent wild-type EBOV challenge. These in vivo studies, using recombinant EBOV viruses, combined with the accompanying biochemical and structural analyses directly correlate VP35 dsRNA binding and IFN inhibition functions with viral pathogenesis. Moreover, these studies provide a framework for the development of antivirals targeting this critical EBOV virulence factor.

Prins, Kathleen C.; Delpeut, Sebastien; Leung, Daisy W.; Reynard, Olivier; Volchkova, Valentina A.; Reid, St. Patrick; Ramanan, Parameshwaran; Crdenas, Washington B.; Amarasinghe, Gaya K.; Volchkov, Viktor E.; Basler, Christopher F. (CNRS-INSERM); (Mount Sinai Hospital); (LB-Ecuador); (Iowa State)

2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "guinea gabon mauritania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Forum des Jeuns du Gabon | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power Basics (TheEtelligence (SmartHome Kyoung'sfor ActionPierce

42

Gabon-World Bank Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6TheoreticalFuelCell Energy IncFOR EGSGWPS Global| Open

43

Lesson 56: Shopping, Buying and Selling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[Dinar] Aljeria / Libya / Tunisia [Algeria / Libya / Tunisia] Ougiya [Oguiya] Mauritania [Mauritania

44

Africa: Prosperous times  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Daylight in Guinea-Bissau  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MYLIGfi Iii GJUA-BISSAU by HIRAM HALL daylightdaylight of dawning dextrose of my goad the rapidsdreams of~ soul. daylight daylight of my dawning may i wrap

Hall, Hiram

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Wader Count of the Banc Darguin, Mauritania, in January/February 1997  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Leo Zwarts, Jan Van Der Kamp, Otto Overdijk, Tom Van Spanje, Ronnie Veldkamp, Rodney West, Mick Wright ...

47

Mauritania-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories on climateJunoMedanosElectric Co Ltd Jump to:

48

EU, CHINA AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE IN AFRICA A case study from timber industry in Gabon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

severe concerns about the environmental impact of such activities. This paper will therefore analyze1 EU, CHINA AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE IN AFRICA A case study from timber industry: .....................................................................................................................................................2 Part I: The EU, China and the external environmental dimension

49

Gabon-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient Strategies in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power Basics (TheEtelligence (SmartHomeFremont,usingGEO2GHGeniusFinanceAfrica |

50

Gabon-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6TheoreticalFuelCell Energy IncFOR EGSGWPS Global| Open Energy

51

Equatorial Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 NoSan Leandro,Law and Policy Center

52

Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:Photon Place:Net Jump Agency/Company

53

Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:Photon Place:Net Jump Agency/Company(Redirected from ECOWAS

54

UNESCO MANUAL 23 November 2009 page 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Suriname Colombia Mauritania Tajikistan Comoros Mauritius Togo Democratic Republic of the New Caledonia

55

U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand28 198 18 Q 10OriginSep-14 Oct-14Noyes,Noyes,

56

U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand28 198 18 Q 10OriginSep-14 Oct-14Noyes,Noyes,Noyes, MN

57

Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:Greer County is a county inAl., It isOpen

58

Guinea-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:Greer County is a county inAl., It isOpenForestry, Agriculture Topics

59

Papua New Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrange County is aOrmesaPPTActPapillion-LaVista

60

Papua New Guinea Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(UtilityCounty,Orleans County,PPPSolar Jump to:PamukorenPanolaPanton,Paper

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "guinea gabon mauritania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:Photon Place:Net Jump Agency/Company

62

STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Macedonia-TFYR Palau Suriname Algeria Chad Guinea Madagascar Panama Syrian Arab Republic Angola China Guinea

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

63

24 Guatemala 1 1 COLLEGES (STUDENTS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Costa Rica 3 46 Malaysia 7 80 United Arab Emirates 2 13 Cyprus 1 47 Mauritania 1 81 United Kingdom 13 14

Collins, Gary S.

64

E-Print Network 3.0 - argentina brazil chile Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Mauritania Source: Alechina, Natasha - School of Computer Science,...

65

The Big Trees Were Kings: Challenges for Global Response to Climate Change and Tropical Forests Loss  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brazil Guyana Mexico Suriname India Vietnam Gabon ThailandMalaysia France Laos Guyana Suriname Thailand MadagascarLeone, Solomon Islands, Suriname, Thailand, Uruguay, Uganda,

Irland, Lloyd C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

SAFETY SERIES No.75-INSAG-4 INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DENMARK DOMINICAN REPUBLIC ECUADOR EGYPT EL SALVADOR ETHIOPIA FINLAND FRANCE GABON GERMANY GHANA GREECE GUATEMALA HAITI HOLY SEE HUNGARY ICELAND INDIA INDONESIA IRAN, ISLAMIC...

67

DEVELOPING SAFETY CULTURE IN NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES Practical Suggestions  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

REPUBLIC ECUADOR EGYPT EL SALVADOR ESTONIA ETHIOPIA FINLAND FRANCE GABON GEORGIA GERMANY GHANA GREECE GUATEMALA HAITI HOLY SEE HUNGARY ICELAND INDIA INDONESIA IRAN, ISLAMIC...

68

Fate of Radionuclides in Wastewater Treatment Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can be mined in Niger, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Gabon, 4)can be found in China, Kazakhstan, Russian Federation andCanada, Australia and Kazakhstan. During the period between

Shabani Samgh Abadi, Farzaneh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

INSAG-15 Key Practical Issues  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CZECH REPUBLIC DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO DENMARK DOMINICAN REPUBLIC ECUADOR EGYPT EL SALVADOR ESTONIA ETHIOPIA FINLAND FRANCE GABON GEORGIA GERMANY GHANA GREECE...

70

Malawi-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

71

Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

72

Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Republic of Macedonia, Malawi, Mexico, Moldova, Philippines, South Africa, Serbia,...

73

Ukraine-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

74

CI-OFF Ex A (Rev. 0.2, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar,...

75

NCIPO Ex A (Rev. 2.1, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar,...

76

The growth of New Guinea impatiens with controlled-release fertilizer in a recirculating subirrigation system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With concerns increasing over the supply and quality of water, pressure on greenhouse growers to use water and fertilizers more efficiently is also increasing. Controlled-release fertilizers (CRF) and recirculating subordination systems...

Richards, Daphne Ladean

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

A Quest for Insularity: Thomas Forrest's _Voyage to New Guinea, and the Moluccas_  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the fall of 1773, Samuel Johnson and James Boswell recordedto the Hebrides with Samuel Johnson, LL.D. (1785) reproduceLondon: Verso, 2007. Johnson, Samuel, and James Boswell. A

Lorlertratna, Panida

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Growth of New Guinea impatiens under no-leach drip irrigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the same fertility rate. In post-production studies following both experiments, all plants continued to grow and flower. In a third experiment, plants were grown under a no leach irrigation regime and the 12-3-4 fertility rate with six different media (peat...

Pannkuk, Timothy Richard

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Rabbit response to intravenously injected chicken and guinea pig gamma globulins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to obtain antisera for each gamma globulin. The injection material consisted of individual alum precipitated fluids prepared by mixing a 3. 0/ solution of the respec- tive gamma globulins and a 1% alum solution (KA1(SO4)2 ' 12H20) in a 1:1 ratio... and flocculating with a 0. 1N NaOH solution. One intravenous injection per day of the alum precipitated protein was given every other day for a total of three injections (the first injection was 1 ml. , the second 1. 5 ml. and the third 2. 0 ml. ). The animals...

Butler, Thomas Milton

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Recognition and Strangeness in Marine Environmental Encounters on New Guinea's Far Western Coast /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5; Boellstorff 2002:29; Graeber 2001:45). My examination ofen Volkenkunde 150:23-145. Graeber, David 2001 Toward an

Parker, Ian Nicholas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "guinea gabon mauritania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Studies on the immunosuppressive effects of alpha globulins obtained from guinea pig serum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as to monitor changes in alpha globulin levels and antibody production. At 2 days of sensitization u-globulins were elevated and lymphocyte responses to antigen induced 8-thymidine incorporation were suppressed. 3 iv With development of immunity on day 4..., alpha globulin levels were elevated, and remained so until day 10. Antibody wss detected on day 4 snd gradually rose in titer until day 10. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like to express my appreciation to my committee members, Dr. G. A. O'Donovan and Dr...

Cowart, Richard Elmer

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

82

A Quest for Insularity: Thomas Forrest's _Voyage to New Guinea, and the Moluccas_  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stevenson, Robert Louis. Treasure Island. Ed. Wendy R. Katz.Louis Stevensons Treasure Island (1883). Ironically, thebeen marooned on the Treasure Island for years, is found on

Lorlertratna, Panida

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocusOski Energy LLC Place:FerrySprings,Panda

84

Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 10,998 9,933 10,998 10,643 10,998through 1996)DecadeYear(Dollars per Thousand CubicDollars

85

Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea (Dollars  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 6330 0 14343 342 328 370 396After898 701 3719343per

86

U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteamYearTexas--StateWinter 2013-14 Wells (ThousandYear Jan Feb Mar Apr

87

U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteamYearTexas--StateWinter 2013-14 Wells (ThousandYear Jan Feb Mar

88

Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in NonproducingAdditions to Capacity on theThousand Cubic Feet) Year Janper

89

Recognition and Strangeness in Marine Environmental Encounters on New Guinea's Far Western Coast /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Raja Ampat) [Impact of Ecotourism Development on Social andin Local Communities (Marine Ecotourism Case Study, Mansuarinteraction to enter into ecotourism discussions suggests

Parker, Ian Nicholas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Characterization of guinea pig transfer factor collected by In vivo exposure to antilymphocyte gamma globulin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abbreviations used in this thesis; DNCB, 2, 4-dinitrochloro- benzene; KLH, keyhole limpet hemocyanin; DNFBp 2p4-dinitroflouro- benzene; DS, double stranded; SS, single stranded; BCG, Bacille Calmette-Guerin; PPD, purified protein derivative; ALS, anti..., 8, 10, 36-39), diphtheria toxoid (11), coccidioidin (13, 40-42), histoplasmin (13, 41, 42), keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) (38), Candida antigens (14), bacterial spores (40, 41. , , modified serum components (44), mumps virus, leprosy bacillus...

Stewart, Robert Stanley

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 10,998 9,933 10,998 10,643 10,998throughThousand Cubic Feet)Thousand CubicTexasThousandThousandper

92

Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30 2013 Macroeconomicper8,170Thousand Cubic Feet)Thousandper Thousand Cubic

93

,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyShale ProvedTexas"Brunei (Dollars perReserves (BillionCanada (MMcf)"

94

Papua New Guinea-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrange County is aOrmesaPPTActPapillion-LaVista South

95

Papua New Guinea-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrange County is aOrmesaPPTActPapillion-LaVista SouthEnergy

96

Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(UtilityCounty,Orleans County,PPPSolar Jump

97

Papua New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(UtilityCounty,Orleans County,PPPSolar JumpInformation Pilot Program for

98

U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007York"Hawaii" "Sector", (Million CubicAdjustments7-2015 LiquefiedDecadeDecade

99

The past, present, and future of Leishmania genomics and transcriptomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Peru Leishmania infantum V, C Old World: Afghanistan, Alba Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulg China, Cyprus, Croatia, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Italy, Libyan Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Leban Mauritania, Monaco, Monten Portugal, Syria, Romania, Sen Spain, Sudan...

Cantacessi, Cinzia; Dantas-Torres, Filipe; Nolan, Matthew J.; Otranto, Domenico

2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

100

On the Banks of the Karakoro  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Banks of the Karakoro offers readers intimate details of life in Mauritania, a little-known West African country saddled by the Sahara and underdevelopment. Heartbreaking, visceral, honest, and hopeful, the account ...

Miller, Jeremiah

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "guinea gabon mauritania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

TABLE50.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

37 34 34 Gabon ... 137 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) (s) (s) 137 Germany, FR ... 0 (s) (s) 0 (s) (s) -3 (s) (s) -3 -3 Greece...

102

TABLE21.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

296 250 0 0 0 0 0 Gabon ... 8,597 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany, FR ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 440 0 0 Guatemala...

103

TABLE29.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(s) 17 14 14 Gabon ... 277 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 277 Germany, FR ... 0 0 0 0 (s) 14 (s) (s) (s) 13 13 Greece...

104

TABLE49.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

29 23 23 Gabon ... 117 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) 0 (s) 117 Germany, FR ... 0 (s) (s) 0 0 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Greece...

105

TABLE24.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

69 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Gabon ... 3,025 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany, FR ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 440 0 0 Guatemala...

106

The effects of protein deprivation on alveolar immunity in BCG-vaccinated and non-vaccinated guinea pigs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Il OOH'IHOI Ie ~ I 52 CHOW Ie I) . 11140 j$ . 110ee . 10041 ONOO 04040 2 4 WEEKS POST CNALLENCE Figure 15. Ef'feet of' Diet on Rate of' Phagocytosis 36 oaa LEOEHO EKI v~ R HHO-vaoo . aaaa '? . aaa ~ , Oooo 2 4 WEEKS POST CHALLENGE...

Kimball, Milton Scott

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

An agent-based approach to HIV/AIDS epidemic modeling : a case study of Papua New Guinea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since AIDS was first discovered, mathematical models of the transmission dynamics of HIV have been developed to determine the drivers of the epidemic. It has become apparent that the most profound factor in the proliferation ...

Rhee, Alisa Joy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Inhibition of citric acid- and capsaicin-induced cough by novel TRPV-1 antagonist, V112220, in guinea-pig  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License

Sum Yee Leung; Akio Niimi; Alison S Williams; Puneeta Nath; Xavier Blanc; Q Thai Dinh; K Fan; Chung Open Access

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Acoustical and flow characteristics of a cough as an index of pulmonary function in the guinea pig.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Human studies have shown that cough sound and flow analysis may be useful for diagnosing pulmonary abnormalities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate (more)

Day, Joshua W.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria cuba indonesia Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guinea Guinea Bissau Guyana Haiti Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa... Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Angola Antigua Argentina...

111

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh egypt Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guinea Guinea Bissau Guyana Haiti Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa... Sinapore Slovakia Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Bangladesh...

112

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh cuba Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guinea Guinea Bissau Guyana Haiti Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa... Sinapore Slovakia Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Bangladesh...

113

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria australia austria Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guinea Guinea Bissau Guyana Haiti Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa Source: Alechina, Natasha - School of Computer Science, University of...

114

Subscribe to daily environment news  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Strong Quake Strikes Papua New Guinea, No Damage BELGIUM: Airlines, US Cool to EU Emissions Trading

McGraw, Kevin J.

115

Im Rahmen der Vorlesung Bank-und Kapitalmarktrecht veranstaltet der Lehrstuhl fr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Papua New Guinea Saudi Arabia Singapore Spain Sweden United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States

Schubart, Christoph

116

. 16 (9. ).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Samoa, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa

117

Environment and Development http://journals.cambridge.org/EDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Mauritius, Montser- rat, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Puerto

118

The 1996 U.S. Purse Seine Fishery for Tropical Tunas in the Central-Western Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tonga

119

3. (2) ---(TOEFL ITP)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Mauritius, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Puerto Rico

120

Propagation speed of sound assessment in the layers of the guinea-pig esophagus in vitro by means of acoustic microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clinical Research, Skejby Hospital, Section SKS, Denmark b Center for Sensory-Motor Interaction, Aalborg:001 and in mucosa to 1584 (1566±1603) m/s p

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "guinea gabon mauritania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The Importance of Wellness Examinations for Your Exotic Pet Birds, reptiles, and small pet mammals, such as ferrets, rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, rodents,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Importance of Wellness Examinations for Your Exotic Pet Birds, reptiles, and small pet mammals the health of the animal. Many of these exotic pets have specific nutritional or environmental requirements that many pet owners do not provide. They are unable to provide these needs either because they are simply

122

L. monocytogenes in Guinea Pig Placenta JID 2005:191 (1 June) 1889 M A J O R A R T I C L E  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Microbial Toxins and Path- ogenicity, Andover, New Hampshire, 18­23 July 2004; 42nd annual meeting and Cell Biology and 2 School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, and 3 Anatomic Pathology Service, Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of California, Davis Listeria

Bakardjiev, Anna

123

DECIPHERING THE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY OF THE MONTANE NEW GUINEA AVIFAUNA: COMPARATIVE PHYLOGEOGRAPHY AND INSIGHTS FROM PALEODISTRIBUTIONAL MODELING IN A DYNAMIC LANDSCAPE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrating comparative phylogeographic methods with taxon-specific paleodistributional modeling provides a powerful approach for assessing historical environmental factors that have contributed to patterns of population ...

Benz, Brett W.

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

124

,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: EnergyShale ProvedTexas"Brunei (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"ClickEgypt

125

Armelle Choplin et Jrme Lombard La Mauritanie offshore.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Armelle Choplin et Jérôme Lombard La Mauritanie offshore. Extraversion économique, ?tat et du pouvoir. La « Mauritanie offshore » prime désormais sur l'intérieur du pays et sur la société well into the first circles of the power. The « offshore Mauritania » dominates henceforth

Boyer, Edmond

126

Publications Foreign Fishery Market Reports Published  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

promote the construction of shipyard facilities, cold storage plants, and canneries. If the government 'The Fishing Industry in Brazil" 16 DIB 77-03-004 $3.50 Burundi "Fishing Industry" 3 DIB 77-02-025 $3.50 Mauritania "Fishing Companies" 20 PB 261-862 $3.50 Panama "Fishing Industry" 26 DIB 76-09-027 $4

127

FROM THE CHINGUETTI MOSQUE TO DUBAI TOWERS "EXTRAVERSION", CONNECTIONS AND NEO-URBAN SOCIETY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the presidential candidate, Mohammed Ould Abdel Aziz, now president of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.1, with skyscrapers, malls, pipelines and luxury resorts. An open water-tap symbolized the victory of the development are persuaded to think that it could become reality thanks to the announcement of oil exploitation, bringing

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

128

1988 saw major efforts to spur foreign interest  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article discusses how Africa's large producers are offering incentives to attract exploration. Egypt is pushing new gas development, while Nigeria announced reduced taxes to lure foreign operators. Gabon has rejuvenated its production with discovery of a large new oil field. Libya is offering liberal concession terms, though the status of U.S. firms is uncertain.

Bell, G.D. (Gustavson Associates, Inc., Boulder, CO (USA))

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Potential curbed by lack of funds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The author reviews the oil market in Africa. Some of the highlights are: Nigeria restructures NNPC to make it competitive, offers new terms; Libya redraws its concession terms in hopes of attracting more operators; New onshore finds may keep Gabon from becoming a producer in decline; and South Arica has struck what may be commercial oil south of Mossel Bay.

Gustavson

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 0 0 19 609 628 Gabon 2,337 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 395 0 234 234 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 0 38 160...

131

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

0 275 275 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 275 275 France 0 0 198 4,191 0 0 0 Gabon 8,907 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 6,260 0 0 0 Guatemala 3,885 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 932 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 126 484...

132

PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

275 275 Finland 0 0 49 0 0 275 275 France 0 0 262 5,167 0 0 0 Gabon 13,260 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 8,816 0 0 0 Guatemala 3,885 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 2,201 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 126...

133

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

275 275 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 275 275 France 0 0 262 4,775 0 0 0 Gabon 12,963 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 8,816 0 0 0 Guatemala 3,885 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 1,970 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 126...

134

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0 0 9 9 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 1 21 0 12 12 Gabon 192 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 51 0 11 11 Guatemala 0 0 -2 0 0 0 0 Honduras 0 0 -1 0 0 -3 -3 India 0 0 0 0 0 0...

135

PADS FY 2010 Annual Reports  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

(DJ) 1 5,914,573 ESTONIA (EN) 1 3,833,286 FRANCE (FR) 6 1,582,649 GABON (GB) 1 950,000 GERMANY (GM) 2 45,724 HUNGARY (HU) 1 -282,350 ISRAEL (IS) 2 3,294,816 JORDAN (JO) 1...

136

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

0 0 0 3 0 2 2 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 France 0 0 1 15 2 14 16 Gabon 127 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 40 0 12 12 Guatemala 11 0 -2 0 0 -1 -1 Honduras 0 0 -1 0 0 -3 -3 India 0 0 0 8...

137

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 38 584 19 609 628 Gabon 4,295 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 1,164 0 234 234 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 0 38...

138

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 0 258 0 346 346 Gabon 3,791 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 388 0 333 333 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 138 0 631...

139

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

0 0 0 2 0 2 2 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 5 5 France 0 0 1 18 2 11 13 Gabon 133 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 38 0 11 11 Guatemala 14 0 -2 0 0 -1 -1 Honduras 0 0 -1 0 0 -3 -3 India 0 0 0 3...

140

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

0 0 275 275 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 40 641 0 346 346 Gabon 5,774 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 1,530 0 333 333 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 459 0...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "guinea gabon mauritania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 3 0 2 2 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 France -1 0 1 16 2 13 15 Gabon 127 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 40 0 12 12 Guatemala 11 0 -2 0 0 -1 -1 Honduras 0 0 -1 0 0 -3 -3 India 0 0 0 8...

142

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 1 19 1 20 20 Gabon 139 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 38 0 8 8 Guatemala 0 0 -5 0 0 -1 -1 Honduras 0 0 -1 0 0 -3 -3 India 0 0 0 0 0 0...

143

acting in the South with the South  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At the mid-point of the contract of objectives 11 A proven quality and sustainable development policy IRD C O AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT POLICY 2013 IRD IRD IRD #12;6 IRD - ANNUAL REPORT 2013 ECUADOR MARTINIQUE FRENCH Argentina Gabon Uganda Ethiopia Lebanon Nepal Cambodia East Timor Vanuatu India Seychelles Comoro Islands

144

1 Introduction Bats are the focus of many research projects because  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

survey of the bat fauna was con- ducted in the Rabi oilfield, within the Gamba Complex of Protected Areas netted at various localities throughout the Rabi oilfield, in the Gamba Complex, with sam- pling efforts, No. 12 I 423 The Bat Community of the Rabi Oilfield in the Gamba Complex of Protected Areas, Gabon

Baker, Robert J.

145

THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF TOURISM IN SPTO MEMBER COUNTRIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

......................................................................................................................... 4 2. Methodology Caledonia, Kiribati, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. The economic

146

Mjliga samarbetslnder inom Minor Field Studies Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nordkorea, Dem. Rep. Pakistan Palau Palestinska självstyret Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Rwanda

147

THE ROLES OF PRIOR RESIDENCE AND RELATIVE SIZE IN COMPETITION FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Papua, New Guinea, and Palau (Johnson 1960; McVey 1975). Usually it is found in fresh and brackish

148

A Review of the South Pacific Tuna Baitfisheries: Small Pelagic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at Palau in the Western Caroline Islands (Muller, 1976;Wilson, 1977)and in Papua New Guinea (PNG) (Lewis et

149

South American Lowland moist Southern Cone societies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-FOODS Cotton, sisal/hemp, rubber Tobacco, coca Indigo · ANIMALS Llama, alpaca (transport) Guinea pig, turkey

Lopez-Carr, David

150

Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission David Itano Pelagic Fisheries Research Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Chinese. · Observers IGOs NGOs #12;Palau Minami Tori Shima Northern Marianas Guam Papua New Guinea Federated States, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

151

Africa planned gas lines will meet future demand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The burgeoning European market for natural gas is expected to create major gas line construction. The potential for North Africa looks particularly promising in 1991. Italy's ENI has proposed a 6,000-km (3,728-mi) gas network in North Africa to connect gas-rich Libya and Algeria with Morocco and Mauritania, making large volumes available to the European market. According to the proposal, a gas line would run from the Sirte Basin in Libya west to Mauritania. Extending the line eastward through Egypt and on to the Arabian Peninsula would provide export access. In this paper initial studies are examine reserve projections for the next 20 years, then based on results, a transmission/distribution network will be designed, including an offshore gathering system.

Not Available

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

0 0 0 0 85 1,383 1,468 France 0 0 262 5,567 617 5,102 5,719 Gabon 46,515 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 14,420 72 4,481 4,553 Guatemala 3,885 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 2,767 98 693 791...

153

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

0 0 0 0 85 1,108 1,193 France 0 0 0 792 617 5,102 5,719 Gabon 33,255 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 5,406 72 4,481 4,553 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 797 98 693 791 Italy 0...

154

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0 275 275 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 40 383 0 0 0 Gabon 1,983 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 1,142 0 0 0 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 226 0 11 11...

155

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 Estonia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Gabon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Korea,...

156

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Estonia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Gabon 297 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Korea,...

157

PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 49 0 85 1,383 1,468 France 0 0 262 5,939 617 4,848 5,465 Gabon 46,515 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 14,420 72 4,481 4,553 Guatemala 3,885 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 2,998 98 693 791...

158

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Finland 0 0 0 0 85 973 1,058 France 0 0 0 792 449 3,074 3,523 Gabon 27,137 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 3,946 0 3,006 3,006 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 98 238 336 Italy 0 0...

159

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0 85 1,248 1,333 France 0 0 198 4,983 449 3,074 3,523 Gabon 36,341 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 10,404 0 3,006 3,006 Guatemala 3,885 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 932 98 238 336...

160

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 38 584 0 0 0 Gabon 1,958 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 769 0 0 0 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "guinea gabon mauritania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 Estonia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Gabon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Korea,...

162

PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

0 0 0 0 85 1,108 1,193 France 0 0 0 772 617 4,848 5,465 Gabon 33,255 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 5,406 72 4,481 4,553 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 797 98 693 791 Italy 0...

163

The influence of diet and vaccination on thymus-dependent (T) lymphocytes in experimental pulmonary tuberculosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hypersensitivity reac- tions to 5 TU PPD in outbred (Hartley Strain) guinea pigs challenged by the respiratory route with virulent M. tuberculosis. . . 36 Influence of dietary protein and N. bovis BCG vaccination on delayed hypersensitivity reac- tions to 100 TU... PPD in outbred (Hartley Strain) guinea pigs challenged by the respiratory route with virulent N. tuberculosis. 37 Delayed hypersensitivity reactions to 100 TU of PPD in tuberculous Strain 2 and Strain 13 guinea pigs fed low protein (LP), control (C...

Bartow, Rebecca Ann

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

164

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment Capabilities...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Chinese Taipei, Thailand, United States, Vietnam Australia and New Zealand,...

165

acute abdomen performed: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and chronic disease (Q fever) in humans and infects many animals with varying clinical illness and persistence. A guinea pig aerosol-challenge model of acute Q fever......

166

acute subdural hematomas: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and chronic disease (Q fever) in humans and infects many animals with varying clinical illness and persistence. A guinea pig aerosol-challenge model of acute Q fever......

167

acute subdural hematoma: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and chronic disease (Q fever) in humans and infects many animals with varying clinical illness and persistence. A guinea pig aerosol-challenge model of acute Q fever......

168

E-Print Network 3.0 - andrus rmet tarmo Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

OF THE AUSTRALIA NEW GUINEA FISHES ASSOCIATIONincorporated Registration No. ACO27788J Summary: H Kuiter MOUNTAIN GALAXIAS - Tarmo Raadik Chilatherina axelrodi - Barry...

169

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquaffin bradsyn peg Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Oklahoma Collection: Biology and Medicine 15 Prolonged focal application of polyethylene glycol induces conduction block in guinea pig spinal cord white matter Summary: of...

170

NOAA Fisheries Observers An Integral Part of Observing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

collection, tag recapture · Fisheries management, resource assessments, and bycatch reduction methodology, Papua New Guinea, Fed. States of Micronesia, Solomon Islands, Kiribati, and Vietnam) #12;11 Northeast

171

automata theoretic model: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Luo-Rudy dynamic model of a guinea pig ventricular cell, and a model Grosu, Radu 39 Fortuna: Model Checking Priced Probabilistic Timed Automata Computer Technologies and...

172

Albania 00-800-0010 American Samoa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-800-01-001 Palau SS Panama 800-0109 {Spanish} 800-2288 Papua New Guinea SS Paraguay Asuncion City 008-11-800 Peru

Fisher, Kathleen

173

A unified model of island biogeography sheds light on the zone of radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

890 50 1 46 43 3 0 Tonga Australia 699 3000 11 15 13 2 0 Palau Papua New Guinea 494 585 4 26 14 12 0

174

Fast Out of the Gate: How Developing Asian Countries can Prepare...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development (LEAD) program: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Thailand, and Vietnam. LEDSGP green logo.png This...

175

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Vanuatu, and Vietnam. 7 Includes liquids produced from energy crops,...

176

E-Print Network 3.0 - allergen detection methods--a Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guinea... hyperresponsiveness as well as the specific allergen responsiveness induced by passive sensitization are dependent... induced a specific' contractile response to the...

177

SpatialSpatialSpatial Spatial Characteristics of Characteristics of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Islands 160W 20N 170W 150W 10N Johnston I Palau Papua New Guinea Federated States of Micronesia Gilbert CNMI 160E 180170E Marshall Islands 160W 20N 170W 150W 10N Johnston I Palau Papua New Guinea Federated Northern Marianas Guam Federated States of Micronesia Marshall Islands Johnston Palmyra 10N Palau Papua New

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

178

OPEC production: Capital limitations, environmental movements may interfere with expansion plans  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Obtaining capital is a critical element in the production expansion plans of OPEC member countries. Another issue that may impact the plans is the environmental taxes that may reduce the call on OPEC oil by 5 million b/d in 2000 and about 16 million b/d in the year 2010. This concluding part of a two-part series discusses the expansion possibilities of non-Middle East OPEC members, OPEC's capital requirements, and environmental concerns. Non-Middle East OPEC includes Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Libya, Nigeria, and Venezuela.

Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

1994-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

179

Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Visa Students by Country of Citizenship -November 2013 Region Undergraduate Graduate Total  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Malvinas) 0 0 0 Guinea (French) 0 0 0 Guyana 11 0 11 Paraguay 0 0 0 Peru 3 3 6 Suriname 1 0 1 Uruguay 0 0 0

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "guinea gabon mauritania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The first fossil leptofoenine wasp (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae): A new species of Leptofoenus in Miocene amber from the Dominican Republic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) northeastern Australia Doddifoenus rex Bou?ek Papua New Guinea Genus Leptofoenus Smith Leptofoenus howardi (Ashmead) Paraguay, Brazil, Surinam Leptofoenus peleciniformis Smith Brazil, Peru, Venezuela, Costa Rica Leptofoenus pittfi eldae Engel sp. n. Dominican...

Engel, Michael S.

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

182

The architecture of the West African mosque : an exegesis of the Hausa and Fulani models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis will examine two models of West African architecture-- the Mosque at Zaria, Nigeria and the Mosque at Dingueraye, Guinea. It will also attempt to illustrate implicit patterns of creative expression, both literal ...

Kahera, Akel I. (Akel Ismail)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Energy Upgrade Program Revitalizing Oregon | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

areas. First to save The program needed a guinea pig to be the first to receive a free energy audit and found a willing participant in Key Carpets, a Molalla-based store...

184

2011 Korean Government Scholarship Program Guideline for International Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Taipei, Belgium, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mexico, China, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Philippines, Vietnam 1 23 Algeria, Azerbaijan, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Uzbekistan 1 43

Auckland, University of

185

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1101711096, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/11017/2010/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Papua New Guinea, is one of the most heavily populated regions of the world. Biofuel and biomass burning easterly jet. Part of the pollution can reach the tropical tropopause layer, the gate- way

Meskhidze, Nicholas

186

Alternative Energy Technologies Solar Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Alternative Energy Technologies Solar Power Photovoltaics Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Power;Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Reflector material is Aluminum or Silver Tube material ..... Several possible ............... Mexico, Canada, Peru Alumina ............Guinea, Brazil, Australia, Jamaica Manganese ....... S. Africa

Scott, Christopher

187

9/4/12 Tigers and humans can coexist, says study 1/4news.mongabay.com/2012/0904-tigers-people-coexist.html  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POPULAR PAGES Rainforests Rain forests Amazon deforestation Deforestation Deforestation stats Why Deforestation data Rainforest canopy Special sections New Guinea Finding new species Sulawesi Madagascar Borneo Extinction debate Extinction crisis Industrial deforestation Save the Amazon Rainforests & REDD Brazil

188

The effects of drainage and amendments on the physical and chemical properties of bauxite residue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and resistant titanium minerals. These aluminum minerals can be selectively removed and used as a source of aluminum metal. Most of the bauxite processed in the United States comes from Jamaica, Surinam, or Guinea (Farin and Reibsamen, 1969). This thesis...

Thompson, Thomas Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

189

ORIGINAL PAPER The bioinvasion of Guam: inferring geographic origin, pace,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the Northern Marianas, and Palau. This lizard is of major impor- tance as its introduction is thought to have Treesnake Á Marianas Á Micronesia Á New Guinea Á Palau Á World War II Introduction Invasive species affect

Austin, Christopher C.

190

NOAAlNMFS Developments U.S. and South Pacific Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Is lands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu Marianas .. Philippines G\\ '; . uam . ~.~ ..·F·il·~;~~~';;::;:;' ....c;:. ;M'''h'''','''''' . : . Palau

191

E-Print Network 3.0 - algumas algas verdes Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Portions of the 12S and 16S rRNA mitochondrial regions of 30... specimens from Kenya, Uganda, Niger, Mali, Burkina-Faso, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde were used Source:...

192

anopheles arabiensis diptera: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

193

anopheles funestus diptera: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

194

Mitochondrial DNA phylogenetic analysis of Myrmecolacidae (Insecta: Strepsiptera) va  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Guinea are determined. Methods were developed for extraction, amplification, and sequencing of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from Strepsiptera. High-resolution mtDNA sequences obtained by these methods were used in the phylogenetic analysis of Myrmecolacidae...

Halbert, Natalie Rose

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

195

What We Know About Coyotillo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coyotillo is a toxic plant that has poisoned people, cattle, sheep, goats, guinea pigs, horses, swine and chickens. This publication describes the plant, lists symptoms of livestock poisoning and discusses preventive measures....

Lyons, Robert K.; Machen, Richard V.

2000-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

196

U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial Co-Chairs' Summary from Energy...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Republic of the Gambia, the Republic of Ghana, the Republic of Guinea, the Republic of Kenya, the Kingdom of Lesotho, the Republic of Liberia, Libya, the Republic of Malawi, the...

197

The Origin and Early Cultivation of Sorghums in Africa.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Domestication of Sorghum ..................................... 8 Race Bicolor .............................. 11 Race Guinea .............................. 12 Race Caudatum ........................... 13 Race Kafir... .................................... 17 Additional Bibliography Dealing with the Origins of Agriculture in Africa ...................................... 19 Archeological Evidence ..................... 19 Domestication/Origins ...................... 20 Climatalogical...

Mann, J.A.; Kimber, C.T.; Miller, F.R.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2005. Bassey, Nnimmo. 2000. Oil and Gas in Africa. Paperat the Gulf of Guinea Oil and Gas Conference. February 5 6,Remains Steady Worldwide. Oil and Gas Journal. 101(44):49.

Reed, Kristin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

African oil plays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

Clifford, A.J. (BHP Petroleum, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Haneberg, W.C., Creighton, A.L., Medley, E.W., and Jonas, D.A., 2005, Use of LiDAR to assess slope haz-ards at the Lihir gold mine, Papua New Guinea, in O. Hungr, R. Fell, R. Couture, and E. Eberhardt, edi-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The epithermal sulfide gold deposit was dis- covered in 1983 and mining commenced in 1997. Mining is scheduled of residual topography within a moving window, was especially useful for distinguishing colluvium landslides representation of topography around the mine and an invaluable tool for hazard assessment. #12;The three deposits

Haneberg, William C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "guinea gabon mauritania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The effect of protein deficiency and M. bovis BCG vaccination on interleukin 2 activity in tuberculous ginea pigs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECT OF PROTEIN DEFICIENCY AND M. bovis BCG VACCINATION ON INTERLEUKIN 2 ACTIVITY IN TUBERCULOUS GUINEA PIGS A THESIS by REBECCA LYNNE PARR Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1987 Major subject: Veterinary Microbiology THE EFFECT OF PROTEIN DEFICIENCY AND M~ BOVIS BCG VACCINATION ON INTERLEUKIN 2 ACTIVITY IN TUBERCULOUS GUINEA PIGS A Thesis by REBECCA LYNNE PARR...

Parr, Rebecca Lynne

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Advancing Methods for Determining the Source of HEU Used in Terrorist Nuclear Weapon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

31 TABLE VI. Variations in measured 234 U/ 238 U atom ratios from mines throughout the world. 7,14 Sample No. Country of Origin Milling Facility 234 U/ 238 U Atom Ratio Statistical Uncertainty 1 Finland Askola 5.444E-05 8.0E-08 2... Finland Paukkajanvaara 5.126E-05 7.6E-07 3 Australia Ranger Mine 5.455E-05 4.4E-07 4 Australia Dam Operations 5.341E-05 6.2E-07 5 Canada Cogema Resources 5.385E-05 6.0E-07 6 Canada CAMECO Key Lake Op. 5.397E-05 3.4E-07 7 Gabon Comuf Mounana 5.434E-05...

LaFleur, Adrienne; Charlton, William

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

203

The effect of dietary vitamin D level on the generation of protective cellular immunity against pulmonary tuberculosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by inhibiting proliferation of antibody-producing B cells(77) or by an indirect effect on T helper-cell activity(39, 78). Moreover, calcitriol down-regulated expression of gamma interferon and granulocyte- macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) genes... ~ lymphoproliferation of peripheral blood lymphocytes taken from guinea pigs h 11 g d with H. t b 1o 9 Effect of dietary vitamin D status on ~o lymphoproliferation of guinea pig spleen cells after challenged with g~e~uos is. 10 Effect of dietary vitamin D level...

Hernandez-Frontera, Evaurely

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Interview of Les Hiatt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at Elephant and Castle then returned to a lectureship at Sydney in 1965 42:41:03 Continued to go back to Maningrida for next 45 years; did think about establishing another field area; went to New Guinea for a few months and for five months on the east coast...

Hiatt, Les

2005-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

205

Identification of optimum potassium nutrition of greenhouse plants grown in recirculating subirrigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this research was to determine the optimum potassium nutrition of greenhouse plants grown in recirculating subirrigation. New Guinea impatiens 'Ovation Salmon Pink Swirl' were grown in recirculating subirrigation trays using 0 -12 mM K, with constant 1.5 mM P...

Blessington, Trisha R.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

2004 01 12 2004 11 26  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Liu, T. K., Y. G. Chen, W. S. Chen, and S. H. Jiang 2000 "Rates of CoolingandDenudationofthe Early-Glacial Sea-Level Rise from a Coral Recordat HounPeninsula,Papua New Guinea." Nature 349: 147-149. Chen, W. S 1 2 3 #12; 41 () (regression) (transgression) 1 0.5 (Liu et al., 2000, 2001

Chen, Wen-Shan

207

Supplement 15, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Hosts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Persia Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 289 Persia Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 272, 277 all from Angola Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 283 French Guinea Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 287 British Somaliland, Upper Egypt, Abyssinia Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 287 Kurdistan, Cyprus, South...

Humphrey, Judith M.; Segal, Dorothy B.; Beard, Mary I.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Kirby, Margie D.

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Mechanisms underlying postjunctional synergism between responses of the vas deferens to noradrenaline and ATP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to noradrenaline and ATP Neil C.E. Smith, Geoffrey Burnstock* Autonomic Neuroscience Institute, Royal Free of postjunctional synergism between adenosine 5V-triphosphate (ATP) and noradrenaline were studied in isolated guinea pig vas deferens. Whereas prior exposure to ATP had no significant effect on noradrenaline

Burnstock, Geoffrey

209

Dietary alteration of the interaction between alveolar macrophages and lymphocytes in experimental tuberculosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To study the interaction of alveolar macrophages (AM) and splenocytes (SC) and the dietary effects on the interaction of AM and SC in a guinea pig model of pulmonary tuberculosis, the ConA-induced proliferation of SC was quantified under various...

Zhang, Xiaotong

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

2012 Graduate Destination Report for ANU Joint College of Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arab Emirates 1 1 United Kingdom, nfd 1 1 United States of America 3 3 Total 133 35 43 211 31 193 Canada 2 2 England 1 1 Germany 5 5 New Zealand 1 1 Papua New Guinea 1 1 Philippines 1 1 United

211

Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 Unraveling the conundrum of river response to rising sea level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 1 Unraveling the conundrum of river of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 2 Fly-Strickland River system, Papua New Guinea to Holocene of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 3 Mississippi River was able to resist drowning due to sea

Parker, Gary

212

JANUARY, 2010 VOL. 23, NO. 1 The Vertebral Column...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a plethora of trees cut down to supply the paper that came to Joy's office. We didn't even have a recycle bin kept dogs, fishes, turtles, gerbils, guinea pigs, birds, and various pets as part of her household

Mathis, Wayne N.

213

RESEARCH Open Access Application of satellite precipitation data to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and epizootic in other parts of Australia. Activity of MVEV in Western Australia (WA) is monitored by detection, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia 6845, Australia Full list of author virus and St. Louis encephalitis virus. MVEV is enzootic in northern Australia and Papua New Guinea

Ebert, Beth

214

Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia exposed on Obi Island, eastern Indonesia. Until the late Neogene, Obi formed part of the southern tectonic history of eastern Indonesia and northern New Guinea has been dominated by the punctuated

Royal Holloway, University of London

215

ANIMAL COGNITION Animal cognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NivAusARwd8 #12;Culture and social learning Kasoje, Tanzania: Oil palm of oil palm nuts. Bossou, Guinea: Chimps use the hammer- anvil tool to crack oil palm nuts. Senegal: No oil palm nuts. #12;Animal cognition ·Basic concepts ·Case study: incentive learning ·Rule learning

Cooper, Brenton G.

216

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 180 PRELIMINARY REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 180 PRELIMINARY REPORT ACTIVE CONTINENTAL EXTENSION IN THE WESTERN WOODLARK BASIN, PAPUA NEW GUINEA Dr. Philippe Huchon CNRS, Laboratoire de Géologie ?cole Normale Supérieure and Technology University of Hawaii at Manoa 2525 Correa Road Honolulu, HI 96822-2285 U.S.A. Dr. Adam Klaus Ocean

217

Z .Marine Chemistry 64 1999 229252 The chemical composition of shallow-water hydrothermal fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; accepted 1 September 1998 Abstract Z .Submarine, hydrothermal venting occurs at Tutum Bay in shallow 5­10 m in Tutum Bay, Ambitle Island, Papua New Guinea and their effect on ambient seawater Thomas Pichler a,) , Jan Veizer a,b , Gwendy E.M. Hall c a Ottawa-Carleton Geoscience Centre, Uni?ersity of Ottawa, Ottawa

Pichler, Thomas

218

Ministerie van Verkeer en Waterstaat KNMI-publicatie 183-1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Rainfall Year ',.::..'- ......\\47·· S It mm 1 3000-4000 4000-5000 > 5000 Area o Go 5' S - · - - - - · - Une of 1000 m above sealevel + Top above 3000 m o 50 100 150km Mean Amount (New Guinea), to investigate the opportunities for a salt extraction enterprise in that area, in Dutch

Stoffelen, Ad

219

International Orientation Report 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mexico 5 Sri Lanka 1 Bangladesh 3 Guatemala 3 Nepal 1 Swaziland 1 Barbados 1 Guinea 1 Netherlands 2 students to resources on the ISSS website and campus partners to help them prepare in the time leading up to their arrival at Vanderbilt. A special section of the ISSS website is devoted to resources for Life

Bordenstein, Seth

220

Supplement 18, Part 6, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Subject Headings And Treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parasites of Dutch soldiers who travelled from West New Guinea through Surinam to the Netherlands Arthritis Reddy, C.R.R.M.; and Sivara- [Dracunculus medinensis], mappa, M., 1968 a human (knee joint) Arthritis Woodard, J. C., I968 a Pneumonyssus...

Walker, Martha L.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Humphrey, Judith M.; Segal, Dorothy B.

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "guinea gabon mauritania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Global Sea Level Stabilization-Sand Dune Fixation: A Solar-powered Sahara Seawater Textile Pipeline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Could anthropogenic saturation with pumped seawater of the porous ground of active sand dune fields in major deserts (e.g., the westernmost Sahara) cause a beneficial reduction of global sea level? Seawater extraction from the ocean, and its deposition on deserted sand dune fields in Mauritania and elsewhere via a Solar-powered Seawater Textile Pipeline (SSTP) can thwart the postulated future global sea level. Thus, Macro-engineering offers an additional cure for anticipated coastal change, driven by global sea level rise, that could supplement, or substitute for (1) stabilizing the shoreline with costly defensive public works (armoring macroprojects) and (2) permanent retreat from the existing shoreline (real and capital property abandonment). We propose Macro-engineering use tactical technologies that sculpt and vegetate barren near-coast sand dune fields with seawater, seawater that would otherwise, as commonly postulated, enlarge Earth seascape area! Our Macro-engineering speculation blends eremology with hydrogeology and some hydromancy. We estimate its cost at 1 billion dollars - about 0.01 per sent of the USA 2007 Gross Domestic Product.

Viorel Badescu; Richard B. Cathcart; Alexander A. Bolonkin

2007-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

222

Standard Guide for Irradiation of Pre-packaged Processed Meat and Poultry Products to Control Pathogens and Other Microorganisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 This guide outlines procedures for the irradiation of pre-packaged refrigerated and frozen processed meat and poultry products. Note 1The Codex Alimentarius Commission defines "meat" (including poultry and game) as "the edible part of any mammal slaughtered in an abattoir," and "poultry meat" as "the edible part of slaughtered domesticated birds, including chicken, turkeys, ducks, geese, guinea-fowls, or pigeons." (CAC/RCP 13-1976) Note 2Current U.S. regulations limit the definition of livestock species to cattle, sheep, swine, goat, horse, mule, or other equine and poultry species to chicken, turkey, duck, goose, and guinea (2, 3). 1.2 This guide addresses all refrigerated and frozen meat and poultry products NOT covered by Guide F 1356. 1.3 This guide provides information regarding absorbed doses used for inactivation of parasites and reduction of bacterial load. Such doses are typically less than 10 kilogray (kGy).

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Radiation-Induced Decomposition of U(VI) Phase to Nanocrystals of UO2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

U{sup 6+}-phases are common alteration products, under oxidizing conditions, of uraninite and the UO{sub 2} in spent nuclear fuel. These U{sup 6+}-phases are subjected to a radiation field caused by the {alpha}-decay of U, or in the case of spent nuclear fuel, incorporated actinides, such as {sup 239}Pu and {sup 237}Np. In order to evaluate the effects of {alpha}-decay events on the stability of the U{sup 6+}-phases, we report, for the first time, the results of ion beam irradiations (1.0 MeV Kr{sup 2+}) of U{sup 6+}-phases. The heavy-particle irradiations are used to simulate the ballistic interactions of the recoil-nucleus of an {alpha}-decay event with the surrounding structure. The Kr{sup 2+}-irradiation decomposed the U{sup 6+}-phases to UO{sub 2} nanocrystals at doses as low as 0.006 displacements per atom (dpa). U{sup 6+}-phases accumulate substantial radiation doses ({approx}1.0 displacement per atom) within 100,000 years if the concentration of incorporated {sup 239}Pu is as high as 1 wt%. Similar nanocrystals of UO{sub 2} were observed in samples from the natural fission reactors at Oklo, Gabon. Multiple cycles of radiation-induced decomposition to UO{sub 2} followed by alteration to U{sup 6+}-phases provide a mechanism for the remobilization of incorporated radionuclides.

S. Utsunomiya; R.C. Ewing; L. Wang

2005-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

224

Geological Modeling of Dahomey and Liberian Basins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

eastern Ivory Coast, off Benin and western Nigeria, and off the Brazilian conjugates of these areas), while large areas were subjected to transform rifting (northern Sierra Leone, southern Liberia, Ghana and the Brazilian conjugates of these areas...). The future Demerara-Guinea marginal plateaus were also progressively subjected to this new rifting event. Stage 2: In Aptian times, the progress of rifting resulted in the creation of small divergent Basins (off northern Liberia, eastern Ivory Coast, Benin...

Gbadamosi, Hakeem B.

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

225

Additional file 4a. References of the African populations compiled in the databases. Country Population  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] 99 Egypt Arab MT 83 [25] 100 Egypt Arab MT 101 [26] 101 Egypt Arab Y 20 [7] 102 Egypt Berber Siwa MT 78 [27] 103 Egypt Copte MT 9 [25] 104 Egypt Copte MT 101 [27] 105 Egypt Misc. MT 32 [28] 106 Egypt Misc. Y 19 [17] 107 Egypt Misc.Upper Egypt MT 24 [28] 108 Egypt Nubia MT 11 [25] 109 Equatorial Guinea

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

226

2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim 899 www.advmat.de  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

de la Cruz 3, 28049 Madrid, Spain E-mail: paco.guinea@icmm.csic.es Dr. E. Cappelluti Institute Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia IMDEA-Nanociencia E-28049 Madrid, Spain Prof. N. Agraït, Prof Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid, Spain E-mail: gabino.rubio@uam.es DOI: 10.1002/adma.201203731 Two

Cappelluti, Emmanuele

227

Thicket manipulation and static inventory control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

minicomputer system, especially for the smaller companies. There is a growing need to produce software modules which will properly model the problems of small busi- nesses and organizations, and which not only offers effective, efficient solutions... un- solved problem in mathematics [ 23 ]. Mother puzzle approach to graphs was proposed in 1859 when Sir William Hamilton (1805 ? 1865) marketed the idea for a game, "Around The World" to a London toy manufacturer for twenty-five guineas...

Jones, Marvin Rex

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

xico, Veracruz 95701, Mexico. 13Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA. 14Nordic Foundation for Development and Ecology, DK-1159 Copenhagen, Denmark. 15Bart De Dijn Environmental Consultancy, Paramaribo, Suriname. 16Florida International University...Republic. 126University ofWashington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA. 127PNG Institute of Biological Research, Goroka, Papua New Guinea. 128University of Suriname, Paramaribo, Suriname. 129113-3885 Richet Rd, Prince George, British Columbia V2K 2J2, Canada. 130...

Laurence, William F.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i n e B a s i n PALAU TRENCH 200 60 60 200 60 F F' E' E D D' C' C G' G A A' Victoria Quezon City Mariana Islands Irian Jaya New Guinea Birds Head Peninsula Sulawesi Palau Islands HALMAHERA TRENCH P A C IOcean Honshu Kyushu Shikoku Kuyushu -Palau Ridge D a i t o R i d g e Okinawa Miyako Jima Iriomote Jima Luzon

Fleskes, Joe

230

Problem-Solving with Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus and Pongo abelii) and Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): Using the IPAD to Provide Novel Enrichment Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

palm nut cracking in Bossou, Guinea (Biro and Inoue-Nakamura, 2003), hunting prosimians in Fongoli, Senegal (Pruetz and Bertolani, 2007), and termite fishing in Gombe National Park, Tanzania (Lonsdorf, 2005). Orangutans also engage in tool use... and engage in tool use. Female chimpanzees have a higher frequency, efficiency, and duration of tool use for termite fishing than male chimpanzees in Gombe (Lonsdorf, 2005). Other enrichment studies have also found that juveniles spend more time...

Boostrom, Helen

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

231

The problem of living in a world contaminated with chemicals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proliferation of xenobiotic chemicals in the global environment poses living problems for each of us aboard {open_quotes}spaceship earth.{close_quotes} Seven case studies are presented that illustrate the magnitude of the problem that can result from waiting to identify toxic hazards until there have been decades of {open_quotes}human guinea pig{close_quotes} exposure. 25 refs., 5 tabs.

Metcalf, R.L. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana (United States)

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

232

`Home Away From Home:' Migrant Organizations and Transnational Politics Among Latin American Migrants in Spain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines, Portugal, and Uruguay. 3 Although the process of migration has never been... well be the catalyst for national political change, and at the very least may alter the political priorities of governments by focusing their energies abroad (Itzigsohn 2000). 19 In the case of Latin American migrants to Spain, their presence...

Freudenburg, Kevin Michael

2011-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

233

Strontium isotopic variations of Neoproterozoic seawater: Implications for crustal evolution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report high precision Sr isotopic data on carbonates from the Neoproterozoic Shaler Group, Victoria Island, Northwest Territories, Canada. Samples with low {sup 87}Rb/{sup 86}Sr ratios (<0.01) were selected for Sr isotopic analysis. {delta}{sup 18}O, Mn, Ca, Mg, and Sr data were used to recognize altered samples. The altered samples are characterized by high Mn/Sr ({ge}2) and variable {delta}{sup 18}O; most are dolomites. The data indicate that between ca. 790-850 Ma the {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr ratio of seawater varied between 0.70676 and 0.70561. The samples show smooth and systematic variation, with the lowest {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr value of 0.70561 at ca. 830 Ma. The low {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr ratio of carbonates from the lower parts of the section is similar to a value reported for one sample from the Adrar of Mauritania ({approx}900 Ma), West African Craton. Isotopic ratios from the upper part of the Shaler section are identical to values from the lower part of the Neoproterozoic Akademikerbreen Group, Spitsbergen. Although a paucity of absolute age determinations hinders attempts at the precise correlation of Neoproterozoic successions, it is possible to draw a broad outline of the Sr isotopic composition of seawater for this period. Data from this study and the literature are used to construct a curve of the {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr ratio of Neoproterozoic seawater. The Sr isotope composition of seawater reflects primarily the balance between continental Sr input through river input and mantle input via hydrothermal circulation of seawater through mid-ocean ridges. Coupling of Nd and Sr isotopic systems allows the authors to model changes in seafloor spreading rates (or hydrothermal flux) and continental erosion. The Sr hydrothermal flux and the erosion rate (relative to present-day value) are modeled for the period 500-900 Ma.

Asmerom, Y.; Jacobsen, S.B.; Knoll, A.H.; Butterfield, N.J. (Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States)); Swett, K. (Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City (United States))

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Perception vs. reality in deep-water exploration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The common perception in exploration is that deep-water sands are predominantly a product of low- and high-density turbidity currents, and that submarine-fan models with channel/levee and lobe elements are the norm. The reality, however, is that deep-water systems are extremely complex and variable in terms of depositional processes and sand-body geometries. For example, the Bourna Sequence, composed of T{sub a}, T{sub b}, T{sub c}, T{sub d}, and T{sub e} divisions, is believed to be the product of a turbidity current. However, recent core and outcrop studies show that the complete and partial Bouma sequences also can be explained by processes other than turbidity currents, such as sandy debris flows (i.e., {open_quotes}T{sub a}{close_quotes}) and bottom-current reworking (i.e., {open_quotes}T{sub b}, T{sub c} and T{sub d}{close_quotes}). Massive sands are interpreted routinely as high-density turbidites, but the reality is that the term {open_quotes}high-density turbidity current{close_quotes} commonly refers to sandy debris flow in terms of flow theology and sediment-support mechanism. Deep-water sequences in the North Sea, Norwegian Sea, Offshore Gabon, Offshore Nigeria, Gulf of Mexico, and the Ouachita Mountains are generally considered to be turbidite-rich submarine fans. However, the reality is that these sequences are composed predominantly of sandy slumps and debris flows, not turbidites. Fan models are attractive to explorationists because of their predictable sheet-like geometries; however, these simplistic conceptual models are obsolete because they defy reality. Although the turbidite paradigm is alive and well for now in the minds of many sedimentologists and sequence stratigraphers, the turbidites themselves that form the foundation for fan models are becoming an endangered facies!

Shanmugam, G. [Mobil Exploration & Producing Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

235

Perception vs. reality in deep-water exploration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The common perception in exploration is that deep-water sands are predominantly a product of low- and high-density turbidity currents, and that submarine-fan models with channel/levee and lobe elements are the norm. The reality, however, is that deep-water systems are extremely complex and variable in terms of depositional processes and sand-body geometries. For example, the Bourna Sequence, composed of T[sub a], T[sub b], T[sub c], T[sub d], and T[sub e] divisions, is believed to be the product of a turbidity current. However, recent core and outcrop studies show that the complete and partial Bouma sequences also can be explained by processes other than turbidity currents, such as sandy debris flows (i.e., [open quotes]T[sub a][close quotes]) and bottom-current reworking (i.e., [open quotes]T[sub b], T[sub c] and T[sub d][close quotes]). Massive sands are interpreted routinely as high-density turbidites, but the reality is that the term [open quotes]high-density turbidity current[close quotes] commonly refers to sandy debris flow in terms of flow theology and sediment-support mechanism. Deep-water sequences in the North Sea, Norwegian Sea, Offshore Gabon, Offshore Nigeria, Gulf of Mexico, and the Ouachita Mountains are generally considered to be turbidite-rich submarine fans. However, the reality is that these sequences are composed predominantly of sandy slumps and debris flows, not turbidites. Fan models are attractive to explorationists because of their predictable sheet-like geometries; however, these simplistic conceptual models are obsolete because they defy reality. Although the turbidite paradigm is alive and well for now in the minds of many sedimentologists and sequence stratigraphers, the turbidites themselves that form the foundation for fan models are becoming an endangered facies

Shanmugam, G. (Mobil Exploration Producing Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States))

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Interview with Lucy Mair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

relations so bad? Malinowskis anti-Semitism Malinowskis ideas, methods and role Were students then more mature? Raymond Firth, Edmund Leach (5 mins) Raymond Firths character and ideas Meyer Fortes and his dwindling socialism Edmund Leach as an eccentric... ) Did you enjoy teaching Colonial cadets and keep in touch with any of them? Visit to Nigeria and later trip to Nigeria Trip to Australia and New Guinea impressions Sailing round the coast steered by a murderer Contrast with Africa Evans...

Mair, Lucy

2004-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

237

Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

1995-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

238

A toxological study of 3,6-BIS(3,5-Dimethyl-1-1-Pyrazolyl)1,2-Dihydro-1,2,4,5-Tetrazine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The acute oral LD[sub 30/50] values for 3,6-BIS(3,5-Dimethyl-1-Pyrazolyl)-1,2-Dihydro-1,2,4,5-Tetrazine BIS(DMP)DHT are greater than 5g/kg. According to classical guidelines, the material would be considered only slightly toxic or practically nontoxic in both rats and mice. The sensitization study in the guinea pig did not show BIS(DMP)SHT to have potential sensitizing effects. Skin application studies on the rabbit demonstrated the material was cutaneously nonirritating. This material was also nonirritating in the rabbit eye application studies.

London, J.E.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

A toxological study of 3,6-BIS(3,5-Dimethyl-1-1-Pyrazolyl)1,2-Dihydro-1,2,4,5-Tetrazine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The acute oral LD{sub 30/50} values for 3,6-BIS(3,5-Dimethyl-1-Pyrazolyl)-1,2-Dihydro-1,2,4,5-Tetrazine BIS(DMP)DHT are greater than 5g/kg. According to classical guidelines, the material would be considered only slightly toxic or practically nontoxic in both rats and mice. The sensitization study in the guinea pig did not show BIS(DMP)SHT to have potential sensitizing effects. Skin application studies on the rabbit demonstrated the material was cutaneously nonirritating. This material was also nonirritating in the rabbit eye application studies.

London, J.E.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Podnahz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

se" - a $2.50 guinea Pia: disguised a.e a ehinch1l1a ? A The oldest adolescent and his l etter jacket. e The efficient . buffalo gun. YOU'll see dayllght through the average criminal. J"1?D~ C The status symbol memoria 1 . fishing...-bean 50U\\ to raise tl ,mt e. Clam chowder. \\.]111 - cut a game of hide-and-seek short. - physique went to ourth season .. ----- ---- PODNAHZ Su.rsky & Hutch 6 The Sound of Distant Drums by Teri White fWith drums and guns And guns and drums...

Multiple Contributors

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "guinea gabon mauritania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Reverberation impairs brainstem temporal representations of voiced vowel sounds: challenging periodicity-tagged segregation of competing speech in rooms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

surgery was performed under anesthesia. ANIMAL MODEL Data described here were collected during experiments per- formed on pigmented guinea-pigs of either sex, weighing between 300 and 650 g. Animals were anesthetized with ure- thane (1.0 g/kg, ip). Hypnorm... (fentanyl citrate, 0.315mg/ml; fluanisone, 10mg/ml; Janssen, High Wycombe, UK) was admin- istered for supplementary analgesia (1ml/kg, im). Anesthesia and analgesia were maintained at a depth sufficient to abol- ish the pedal withdrawal reflex (front paw...

Sayles, Mark; Stasiak, Arkadiusz; Winter, Ian M.

2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

242

An electron microscopy study of ground-nut poisoning in turkey poults  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

etiology. In the eat'Ly papers the condition was known by the name of Turkey ' X" disease. However, this name was quickly changed when in L961 Blount (7) concluded that toxic Brasilian ground-nut meal was responsible for the outbreaks of this new... condition. Similar toxic effects in ducklings, chickens, rats, guinea pigs, cows and pigs have also been reported. In general, there is little available information about how and where tbe toxic principles of any kind act in the cells structures. Also...

Martin, Alcides Amilcar

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Taxonomic revision and phylogeny of the genus Cetiocyon and its discovery in the Neotropical region (Insecta: Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, resulting in the fi rst record of the genus in the Neotropical Region and recognition of eight species in New Guinea. One new species, Cetiocyon incantatus new species, is described from Suriname, and four new species from the central mountain range of New... to as Gondwanan genera in recent papers (e.g., FIK?EK 2007, 2010) and its monophyly is currently tested (ongoing work by M. Fik?ek). In 2005, we discovered an aberrant specimen of Megasternini collected in Suriname. Although the spe- cies was clearly...

Fiká ?ek, Martin; Short, Andrew E. Z.

2010-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

244

Standard Practice for Irradiation of Fresh and Frozen Red Meat and Poultry to Control Pathogens and Other Microorganisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 This practice outlines procedures for the irradiation of fresh or frozen meat and poultry. Note 1The Codex Alimentarius Commission defines meat as the edible part of any mammal and poultry as any domesticated bird, including chicken, turkeys, ducks, geese, guinea-fowls, or pigeons (CAC/MISC 5). Note 2Current U.S. regulations limit the definition of livestock species to cattle, sheep, swine, goat, horse, mule, or other equine and poultry species to chicken, turkey, duck, goose, and guinea (2, 3). 1.2 This practice covers absorbed doses used for inactivation of parasites and reduction of bacterial load in fresh and frozen red meat and poultry. Such doses are typically less than 10 kGy. 1.3 This practice addresses irradiation of pre-packaged product for retail sale or for use as an ingredient in other products. It also addresses the in-line irradiation of unpackaged product. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It i...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Preliminary toxicology study of 3,6-diamino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The calculated acute oral LD 30/50 (lethal dose for 50% of the animals occurring within 30 days after compound administration) value for 3,6-diamino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine (DATZ) was 863 mg/kg in rats. According to classical guidelines, DATZ would be considered slightly to moderately toxic for rats. The calculated acute oral LD [sub 30/50] value was 2,288 mg/kg in mice and would be considered slightly to moderately toxic for mice. Skin application studies using rabbits demonstrated DATZ to be a nonirritant. The eye study using rabbits disclosed DATZ to be a very mild irritant. The sensitization study using guinea pigs did not show DATZ to have potential sensitizing properties.

London, J.E.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Preliminary toxicology study of 3,6-diamino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The calculated acute oral LD 30/50 (lethal dose for 50% of the animals occurring within 30 days after compound administration) value for 3,6-diamino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine (DATZ) was 863 mg/kg in rats. According to classical guidelines, DATZ would be considered slightly to moderately toxic for rats. The calculated acute oral LD {sub 30/50} value was 2,288 mg/kg in mice and would be considered slightly to moderately toxic for mice. Skin application studies using rabbits demonstrated DATZ to be a nonirritant. The eye study using rabbits disclosed DATZ to be a very mild irritant. The sensitization study using guinea pigs did not show DATZ to have potential sensitizing properties.

London, J.E.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Hazardous waste management in the Pacific basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hazardous waste control activities in Asia and the Pacific have been reviewed. The review includes China (mainland, Hong Kong, and Taiwan), Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. It covers the sources of hazardous waste, the government structure for dealing with hazardous waste, and current hazardous waste control activities in each country. In addition, the hazardous waste program activities of US government agencies, US private-sector organizations, and international organizations are reviewed. The objective of these reviews is to provide a comprehensive picture of the current hazardous waste problems and the waste management approaches being used to address them so that new program activities can be designed more efficiently.

Cirillo, R.R.; Chiu, S.; Chun, K.C.; Conzelmann, G. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Carpenter, R.A.; Indriyanto, S.H. [East-West Center, Honolulu, HI (United States)

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Initial Evaluation of Processing Methods for an Epsilon Metal Waste Form  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During irradiation of nuclear fuel in a reactor, the five metals, Mo, Pd, Rh, Ru, and Tc, migrate to the fuel grain boundaries and form small metal particles of an alloy known as epsilon metal ({var_epsilon}-metal). When the fuel is dissolved in a reprocessing plant, these metal particles remain behind with a residue - the undissolved solids (UDS). Some of these same metals that comprise this alloy that have not formed the alloy are dissolved into the aqueous stream. These metals limit the waste loading for a borosilicate glass that is being developed for the reprocessing wastes. Epsilon metal is being developed as a waste form for the noble metals from a number of waste streams in the aqueous reprocessing of used nuclear fuel (UNF) - (1) the {var_epsilon}-metal from the UDS, (2) soluble Tc (ion-exchanged), and (3) soluble noble metals (TRUEX raffinate). Separate immobilization of these metals has benefits other than allowing an increase in the glass waste loading. These materials are quite resistant to dissolution (corrosion) as evidenced by the fact that they survive the chemically aggressive conditions in the fuel dissolver. Remnants of {var_epsilon}-metal particles have survived in the geologically natural reactors found in Gabon, Africa, indicating that they have sufficient durability to survive for {approx} 2.5 billion years in a reducing geologic environment. Additionally, the {var_epsilon}-metal can be made without additives and incorporate sufficient foreign material (oxides) that are also present in the UDS. Although {var_epsilon}-metal is found in fuel and Gabon as small particles ({approx}10 {micro}m in diameter) and has survived intact, an ideal waste form is one in which the surface area is minimized. Therefore, the main effort in developing {var_epsilon}-metal as a waste form is to develop a process to consolidate the particles into a monolith. Individually, these metals have high melting points (2617 C for Mo to 1552 C for Pd) and the alloy is expected to have a high melting point as well, perhaps exceeding 1500 C. The purpose of the work reported here is to find a potential commercial process with which {var_epsilon}-metal plus other components of UDS can be consolidated into a solid with minimum surface area and high strength Here, we report the results from the preliminary evaluation of spark-plasma sintering (SPS), hot-isostatic pressing (HIP), and microwave sintering (MS). Since bulk {var_epsilon}-metal is not available and companies could not handle radioactive materials, we prepared mixtures of the five individual metal powders (Mo, Ru, Rh, Pd, and Re) and baddeleyite (ZrO{sub 2}) to send the vendors of SPS, HIP, and MS. The processed samples were then evaluated at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for bulk density and phase assemblage with X-ray diffraction (XRD) and phase composition with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Physical strength was evaluated qualitatively. Results of these scoping tests showed that fully dense cermet (ceramic-metal composite) materials with up to 35 mass% of ZrO{sub 2} were produced with SPS and HIP. Bulk density of the SPS samples ranged from 87 to 98% of theoretical density, while HIP samples ranged from 96 to 100% of theoretical density. Microwave sintered samples containing ZrO{sub 2} had low densities of 55 to 60% of theoretical density. Structurally, the cermet samples showed that the individual metals alloyed in to {var_epsilon}-phase - hexagonal-close-packed (HCP) alloy (4-95 mass %), the {alpha}-phase - face-centered-cubic (FCC) alloy structure (3-86 mass %), while ZrO{sub 2} remained in the monoclinic structure of baddeleyite. Elementally, the samples appeared to have nearly uniform composition, but with some areas rich in Mo and Re, the two components with the highest melting points. The homogeneity in distribution of the elements in the alloy is significantly improved in the presence of ZrO{sub 2}. However, ZrO{sub 2} does not appear to react with the alloy, nor was Zr found in the alloy.

Crum, Jarrod V.; Strachan, Denis M.; Zumhoff, Mac R.

2012-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

249

LFSC - Linac Feedback Simulation Code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The computer program LFSC () is a numerical tool for simulation beam based feedback in high performance linacs. The code LFSC is based on the earlier version developed by a collective of authors at SLAC (L.Hendrickson, R. McEwen, T. Himel, H. Shoaee, S. Shah, P. Emma, P. Schultz) during 1990-2005. That code was successively used in simulation of SLC, TESLA, CLIC and NLC projects. It can simulate as pulse-to-pulse feedback on timescale corresponding to 5-100 Hz, as slower feedbacks, operating in the 0.1-1 Hz range in the Main Linac and Beam Delivery System. The code LFSC is running under Matlab for MS Windows operating system. It contains about 30,000 lines of source code in more than 260 subroutines. The code uses the LIAR ('Linear Accelerator Research code') for particle tracking under ground motion and technical noise perturbations. It uses the Guinea Pig code to simulate the luminosity performance. A set of input files includes the lattice description (XSIF format), and plane text files with numerical parameters, wake fields, ground motion data etc. The Matlab environment provides a flexible system for graphical output.

Ivanov, Valentin; /Fermilab

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Structural/functional relationships between internal and external MSH receptors: modulation of expression in Cloudman melanoma cells by UVB radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Expression of internal receptors for MSH is an important criterion for responsiveness to MSH by Cloudman melanoma cells. Here, we show that internal and external receptors for MSH are of identical molecular weights (50-53 kDa) and share common antigenic determinants, indicating a structural relationship between the 2 populations of molecules. The internal receptors co-purified with a sub-cellular fraction highly enriched for small vesicles, many of which were coated. Ultraviolet B light (UVB) acted synergistically with MSH to increase tyrosinase activity and melanin content of cultured Cloudman melanoma cells, consistent with previous findings in the skin of mice and guinea pigs. Preceding the rise in tyrosinase activity in cultured cells, UVB elicited a decrease in internal MSH binding sites and a concomitant increase in external sites. The time frame for the UVB effects on MSH receptors and melanogenesis, 48 hours, was similar to that for a response to solar radiation in humans. Together, the results indicate a key role for MSH receptors in the induction of melanogenesis by UVB and suggest a potential mechanism of action for UVB: redistribution of MSH receptors with a resultant increase in cellular responsiveness to MSH.

Chakraborty, A.K.; Orlow, S.J.; Bolognia, J.L.; Pawelek, J.M. (Department of Dermatology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT (USA))

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Inhalation toxicology of red and violet mixtures. Chamber concentration and particle-size distribution report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An inhalation exposure facility was developed at the U.S. EPA, RTP, NC to conduct inhalation exposures of rodents and guinea pigs to dye mixtures used by the U.S. Army in the manufacture of smoke munitions. Initially, an evaluation of the prototype chamber aerosol homogeneity was conducted to determine the uniformity and reproducibility of the concentration and particle size of dye aerosol throughout the breathing zone of the test animals. The three dyes, DR11, SR1, and DB3, were chemically analyzed for purity and optically examined for size and shape. All pure dyes appeared to be stable at room temperature except DB3, which decomposes if not stored at 4 C. The particle size ranges varied for each pure dye and structures were either amorphous (azo dye) or crystalline (anthraquinone dyes). The bulk red and violet dye mixtures were analyzed for composition. The chemical analysis of the relative composition of each dye mixture, collected by cascade impactor sampling, revealed fractionation of the mixtures into component dyes.

Higuchi, M.A.; Davies, D.W.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

ARM Research in the Equatorial Western Pacific: A Decade and Counting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The tropical western Pacific (TWP) is an important climatic region. Strong solar heating, warm sea surface temperatures and the annual progression of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) across this region generate abundant convective systems, which through their effects on the heat and water budgets have a profound impact on global climate and precipitation. To accurately represent tropical cloud systems in models, measurements of tropical clouds, the environment in which they reside, and their impact on the radiation and water budgets are needed. Because of the remote location, ground-based datasets of cloud, atmosphere, and radiation properties from the TWP region have traditionally come primarily from short-term field experiments. While providing extremely useful information on physical processes, these datasets are limited in statistical and climatological information because of their short duration. To provide long-term measurements of the surface radiation budget in the tropics, and the atmospheric properties that affect it, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program established a measurement site on Manus Island, Papua New Guinea in 1996 and on the island republic of Nauru in late 1998. These sites provide unique datasets available from more than 10 years of operation in the equatorial western Pacific on Manus and Nauru. We present examples of the scientific use of these datasets including characterization of cloud properties, analysis of cloud radiative forcing, model studies of tropical clouds and processes, and validation of satellite algorithms. We also note new instrumentation recently installed at the Manus site that will expand opportunities for tropical atmospheric science.

Long, Charles N.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Del Genio, Anthony D.; Minnis, Patrick; Ackerman, Thomas P.; Mather, James H.; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Mace, Gerald G.; Jensen, Michael; Jakob, Christian

2013-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

253

Human radiation experiments associated with the US Department of Energy and its predecessors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document contains a listing, description, and selected references for documented human radiation experiments sponsored, supported, or performed by the US Department of Energy (DOE) or its predecessors, including the US Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA), the US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), the Manhattan Engineer District (MED), and the Off ice of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD). The list represents work completed by DOE`s Off ice of Human Radiation Experiments (OHRE) through June 1995. The experiment list is available on the Internet via a Home Page on the World Wide Web (http://www.ohre.doe.gov). The Home Page also includes the full text of Human Radiation Experiments. The Department of Energy Roadmap to the Story and the Records (DOE/EH-0445), published in February 1995, to which this publication is a supplement. This list includes experiments released at Secretary O`Leary`s June 1994 press conference, as well as additional studies identified during the 12 months that followed. Cross-references are provided for experiments originally released at the press conference; for experiments released as part of The DOE Roadmap; and for experiments published in the 1986 congressional report entitled American Nuclear Guinea Pigs: Three Decades of Radiation Experiments on US Citizens. An appendix of radiation terms is also provided.

None

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

The bovine tuberculosis burden in cattle herds in zones with low dose radiation pollution in the Ukraine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors describe a study of the tuberculosis (TB) incidence in cattle exposed to low doses of radiation resulting from the Chernobyl (pronounced Chornobyl in Ukrainian) nuclear plant catastrophe in 1986. The purpose of the study was to determine if ionising radiation influences the number of outbreaks of bovine TB and their severity on farms in the Kyiv, Cherkasy and Chernigiv regions of the Ukraine. These farms are all located within a 200 km radius of Chernobyl and have had low?dose radiation pollution. Pathological and blood samples were taken from cattle in those regions that had positive TB skin tests. Mycobacterium spp. were isolated, differentiated by PCR, analysed and tested in guinea?pigs and rabbits. Species differentiation showed a significant percentage of atypical mycobacteria, which resulted in the allergic reactions to tuberculin antigen in the skin test. Mixed infection of M. bovis and M. avium subsp. hominissuis was found in three cases. The results concluded that low?dose radiation plays a major role in the occurrence of bovine TB in regions affected by the Chernobyl nuclear disaster.

Weller, Richard E.; Skrypnyk, Artem; Zavgorodniy, Andriy; Stegniy, Borys; Gerilovych, Anton; Kutsan, Oleksandr; Pozmogova, Svitlana; Sapko, Svitlana

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) Site.  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

ARM maintains four major, permanent sites for data collection and deploys the ARM Mobile Facility to other sites as determined. The Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site is one of the four fixed sites. It consists of three climate research facilities; the Manus facility on Los Negros Island in Manus, Papua New Guinea (established in 1996); the Nauru facility on Nauru Island, Republic of Nauru (1998); and the Darwin facility in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia (2002). The operations are supported by government agencies in each host country. Covering the area roughly between 10 degrees N and 10 degrees S of the equator and from 130 degrees E to 167 degrees E, the TWP locale includes a region that plays a large role in the interannual variability observed in the global climate system. More than 250,000 TWP data sets from 1996 to the present reside in the ARM Archive. Begin at the TWP information page for links or access data directly from the ARM Archive at http://www.archive.arm.gov/. Users will need to register for a password, but all files are then free for viewing or downloading. The ARM Archive physically resides at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

256

Epsilon Metal Summary Report FY 2011  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Epsilon-metal ({var_epsilon}-metal) phase was selected in FY 2009 as a potential waste form to for immobilizing the noble metals found in the undissolved solids + aqueous stream, and the soluble Tc from ion-exchange process, each resulting from proposed aqueous reprocessing. {var_epsilon}-metal phase is observed in used nuclear fuel and the natural reactors of Oklobono in Gabon, where the long-term corrosion behavior was demonstrated. This makes {var_epsilon}-metal a very attractive waste form. Last fiscal year, {var_epsilon}-metal was successfully fabricated by combining the five-metals, Mo, Ru, Rh, Pd and Re (surrogate for Tc), into pellets followed by consolidation with an arc melter. The arc melter produced fully dense samples with the epsilon structure. However, some chemistry differences were observed in the microstructure that resulted in regions rich in Re and Mo, and others rich in Pd, while Ru and Rh remained fairly constant throughout. This year, thermal stability (air), and corrosion testing of the samples fabricated by arc melting were the main focus for experimental work. Thermal stability was measured with a differential scanning calorimeter - thermogravimetric analyzer, by both ramp heating as well as step heating. There is clear evidence during the ramp heating experiment of an exothermic event + a weight loss peak both beginning at {approx}700 C. Step heating showed an oxidation event at {approx}690 C with minimal weight gain that occurs just before the weight loss event at 700 C. The conclusion being that the e-metal begins to oxidize and then become volatile. These findings are useful for considering the effects of voloxidation process. Three different pellets were subjected to electrochemical testing to study the corrosion behavior of the epsilon-metal phase in various conditions, namely acidic, basic, saline, and inert. Test was done according to an interim procedure developed for the alloy metal waste form. First an open circuit potential was measured, followed by linear polarization sweeps. The linear polarization sweep range was the Tafel equation was fit to the linear polarization sweep data to determine the corrosion rate of each pellet in each test solution. The average calculated corrosion rates of the three pellets according to solution conditions were: -1.91 x 10{sup -4} mm/yr (0.001 M NaOH), -1.48 x 10{sup -3} mm/yr (0.01 M NaCl), -8.77 x 10{sup -4} mm/yr (0.001 M H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}), -2.09 x 10{sup -3} mm/yr (0.001 M NaOH + 0.01 M NaCl), and -1.54 x 10{sup -3} mm/yr (0.001 M H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} + 0.01 M NaCl). Three single-pass flow through (SPFT) test were conducted at a flow rate of 10 ml/day, at 90 C, and pH of 2.5, 7.0, and 9.0 for up to 322 days. Results of the tests indicate that dissolution rates were 5 x 10{sup -4} g m{sup 2} d{sup -1} at pH 9.0, 1.2 x 10{sup -4} g m{sup -2} d{sup -1} at pH 7.0, and 2 x 10{sup -4} g m{sup -2} d{sup -1} at pH 2.5. The sample used for the pH 7.0 SPFT test contains extra Re compared to samples used for the other two SPFT test, which came from a single pellet. The corrosion data measured this year indicate that the {var_epsilon}-metal phase is chemically durable. The two chemically different phases, but structurally the same, behave differently during dissolution according to the microstructure changes observed in both the electrochemical and in SPFT test. Characterization of the test specimens after testing suggests that the dissolution is complex and involves oxidative dissolution followed by precipitation of both oxide and metallic phases. These data suggest that the dissolution in the electrochemical and SPFT tests is different; a process that needs further investigation.

Strachan, Denis M.; Crum, Jarrod V.; Zumhoff, Mac R.; Bovaird, Chase C.; Windisch, Charles F.; Riley, Brian J.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

257

Calcium homeostasis of isolated heart muscle cells exposed to pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca{sup 2+}]{sub i}) of isolated ventricular cardiac myocytes of the guinea pig was measured during the application of pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic fields. The high-frequency fields were applied in a transverse electromagnetic cell designed to allow microscopic observation of the myocytes during the presence of the high-frequency fields. The [Ca{sup 2+}]{sub i} was measured as fura-2 fluorescence by means of digital image analysis. Both the carrier frequency and the square-wave pulse-modulation pattern were varied during the experiments (carrier frequencies: 900, 1,300, and 1,800 MHz pulse modulated at 217 Hz with 14% duty cycle; pulsation pattern at 900 MHz; continuous wave, 16 Hz,and 50 Hz modulation with 50% duty cycle and 30 kHz modulation with 80% duty cycle). The mean specific absorption rate (SAR) values in the solution were within one order of magnitude of 1 mW/kg. They varied depending on the applied carrier frequency and pulse pattern. The experiments were designed in three phases: 500 s of sham exposure, followed by 500 s of field exposure, then chemical stimulation without field. The chemical stimulation (K{sup +}-depolarization) indicated the viability of the cells. The K{sup +} depolarization yielded a significant increase in [Ca{sup 2+}]{sub i}. Significant differences between sham exposure and high-frequency field exposure were not found except when a very small but statistically significant difference was detected in the case of 900 MHz/50 Hz. However, this small difference was not regarded as a relevant effect of the exposure.

Wolke, S.; Gollnick, F.; Meyer, R. [Univ. Bonn (Germany)] [Univ. Bonn (Germany); Neibig, U.; Elsner, R. [Inst. fuer Nachrichtentechnik Braunschweig (Germany)] [Inst. fuer Nachrichtentechnik Braunschweig (Germany)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

The formation and maintenance of single-thread tie channels entering floodplain lakes: observations from three diverse river systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tie channels connect rivers to floodplain lakes on many lowland rivers and thereby play a central role in floodplain sedimentology and ecology, yet they are generally unrecognized and little studied. here we report the results of field studies focused on tie channel origin and morphodynamics in three contrasting systems: the Middle Fly River, Papua New Guinea, the Lower Mississippi River, and Birch Creek in Alaska. Across these river systems, tie channels vary by an order of magnitude in size but exhibit the same characteristic morphology and appear to develop and evolve by a similar set of processes. In all three systems, the channels are characterized by a narrow, leveed single-thread morphology with maximum width approximately one tenth the width of the mainstem river. The channels typically have a V shaped cross-section, unlike most fluvial channels. These channels develop as lakes become isolated from the river by sedimentation. Narrowing of the connection between river and lake causes a sediment-laden jet to develop. Levees develop along the margins of the jet leading to channel emergence and eventual levee aggradation to the height of the mainstem levees. Bi-directional flow in these channels is common. Outflows from the lake scour sediment and prevent channel blockage. We propose that channel geometry and size are then controlled by a dynamic balance between channel narrowing by suspended sediment deposition and incision and widening by mass failure of banks during outflows. Tie channels are laterally stable and may convey flow for hundreds to a few thousand of years.

Rowland, Joel C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dietrich, William E [UC BERKELEY; Day, Geoff [NEWCREST MINING; Parker, Gary [UNIV OF ILLINOIS

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Inter-annual Tropospheric Aerosol Variability in Late Twentieth Century and its Impact on Tropical Atlantic and West African Climate by Direct and Semi-direct Effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new high-resolution (0.9$^{\\circ}$x1.25$^{\\circ}$ in the horizontal) global tropospheric aerosol dataset with monthly resolution is generated using the finite-volume configuration of Community Atmosphere Model (CAM4) coupled to a bulk aerosol model and forced with recent estimates of surface emissions for the latter part of twentieth century. The surface emissions dataset is constructed from Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project (CMIP5) decadal-resolution surface emissions dataset to include REanalysis of TROpospheric chemical composition (RETRO) wildfire monthly emissions dataset. Experiments forced with the new tropospheric aerosol dataset and conducted using the spectral configuration of CAM4 with a T85 truncation (1.4$^{\\circ}$x1.4$^{\\circ}$) with prescribed twentieth century observed sea surface temperature, sea-ice and greenhouse gases reveal that variations in tropospheric aerosol levels can induce significant regional climate variability on the inter-annual timescales. Regression analyses over tropical Atlantic and Africa reveal that increasing dust aerosols can cool the North African landmass and shift convection southwards from West Africa into the Gulf of Guinea in the spring season in the simulations. Further, we find that increasing carbonaceous aerosols emanating from the southwestern African savannas can cool the region significantly and increase the marine stratocumulus cloud cover over the southeast tropical Atlantic ocean by aerosol-induced diabatic heating of the free troposphere above the low clouds. Experiments conducted with CAM4 coupled to a slab ocean model suggest that present day aerosols can shift the ITCZ southwards over the tropical Atlantic and can reduce the ocean mixed layer temperature beneath the increased marine stratocumulus clouds in the southeastern tropical Atlantic.

Evans, Katherine J [ORNL; Hack, James J [ORNL; Truesdale, John [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Mahajan, Salil [ORNL; Lamarque, J-F [University Center for Atmospheric Research

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Chemical, biomedical and ecological studies of SRC-I materials from the Fort Lewis Pilot Plant: a status report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document discusses studies performed with solvent refined coal (SRC) materials obtained from the Fort Lewis Pilot Plant during operation in the SRC-I mode. The development of analytical methodology is presented as well as results obtained from the application of these methods to light oil (LO), wash solvent (WS) and process solvent (PS). Results of cellular and animal studies with LO, WS and PS are included, along with a description of methods for the generation and characterization of LO and PS aerosols, and for exposing rats, mice and guinea pigs to these aerosols. The effects of SRC-I product on seed germination and plant growth which have also been studied are discussed. The SRC-I product, feed coal and the mineral residue have been analyzed for organic and inorganic constituents. The higher-boiling-point material, PS, exhibited significant mutagenic activity in the Ames assay; LO and WS were inactive. Process solvent also caused transformation of cultured Syrian hamster embryo cells. Additional chemical fractionation studies suggest that primary aromatic amines are major determinants of the observed mutagenic activity. Skin-painting studies with SRC-II naphtha, heavy distillate, shale oil and petroleum crude indicate a good correlation between the results of the cellular assays and skin carcinogenesis in mice. Wash solvent was more toxic after oral administration to rats than was light oil or process solvent. The effects of LO, WS and PS on development were studied after administration to pregnant rats. The tissue distribution of a number of components of PS was studied after oral administration of PS to rats. The effect of SRC-I product on the germination and growth of barley was investigated by mixing or layering the product with soil and placing the mixture in a field lysimeter.

Mahlum, D.D. (ed.)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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261

Mechanisms of aldehyde-induced bronchial reactivity: role of airway epithelium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To investigate the relative irritant potencies of inhaled aldehydes, guinea pigs were exposed to formaldehyde or acrolein and specific total pulmonary resistance and bronchial reactivity to intravenous acetylcholine were assessed. The mechanisms associated with these responses were investigated by analyzing morphologic and biochemical changes in airway epithelial cells after in vivo and in vitro exposures. Immediately after exposure to formaldehyde or acrolein, specific resistance increased transiently and returned to control values within 30 to 60 minutes. Bronchial hyperreactivity, assessed by the acetylcholine dose necessary to double resistance, increased and became maximal two to six hours after exposure to at least 9 parts per million2 (ppm) formaldehyde or at least 1 ppm acrolein for two hours. The effect of exposure to 3 ppm formaldehyde for two hours was less than the effect of exposure to 1 ppm formaldehyde for eight hours; thus, extended exposures produced a disproportionate heightening of bronchial reactivity. Bronchial hyperreactivity often persisted for longer than 24 hours. Increases in three bronchoconstrictive eicosanoids, prostaglandin F2 alpha, thromboxane B2, and leukotriene C4, occurred immediately after exposure, whereas an influx of neutrophils into lavage fluid occurred 24 hours later. Histological examination of the tracheal epithelium and lamina propria also demonstrated a lack of inflammatory cell infiltration. Treatment with leukotriene synthesis inhibitors and receptor antagonists inhibited acrolein-induced hyperreactivity, supporting a causal role for these compounds in this response. Acrolein also stimulated eicosanoid release from bovine epithelial cells in culture. However, the profile of metabolites formed differed from that found in lavage fluid after in vivo exposure.

Leikauf, G.D. (Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, OH (United States))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

The evolution and hydrocarbon habitat of the Papuan fold belt, PNG  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After over 70 years of hydrocarbon exploration in the Papuan fold belt of PNG (Papua New Guinea) there have been a number of hydrocarbon discoveries over recent years that have confirmed its potential as a significant producing province. The Papuan basin developed during the early Mesozoic as part of the northeast corner of the Australian passive margin. The basin's tertiary evolution and the development of the Papuan fold belt within the Papuan basin has evolved in response to oblique convergence between the northerly moving Australian plate and westerly moving Pacific plate. Restacking of the Mesozoic passive margin sequence within the Papuan Basin was initiated in the early miocene by southward abduction of the Solomon Sea plate and the subsequent collision, in the late Miocene, of the Melanesian Island arc along the northeastern margin of PNG. This later collision provided the driving mechanism for the development of the papuan thrust belt. To date, all the significant hydrocarbon discoveries made within the Papuan fold belt have been located within the frontal zone of the fold belt, which is characterized by relatively simple ramp anticlines and thick-skinned inversion structures. The primary proven reservoir fairway is the Jurassic Toro formation, which is a sequence of stacked submarine bars prograding out across a shallow-marine low-gradient shelf. Geochemical analysis of produced hydrocarbons and samples collected from the many surface seeps found in the fold belt indicate two main families of oil. A model explains the distribution of hydrocarbons discovered to date, which involves Jurassic and Cretaceous source intervals and a complex history of secondary migration and entrapment. The unique technical problems associated with exploration of the Papuan fold belt leave many elements of the proven play systems uncertain, but in so doing, they present many challenges and opportunities for the future.

Dalton, D.G.; Smith, R.I.; Cawley, S.J. (BP Australia Ltd., Melbourne, Victoria (Australia))

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Anti-addiction drug ibogaine inhibits voltage-gated ionic currents: A study to assess the drug's cardiac ion channel profile  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The plant alkaloid ibogaine has promising anti-addictive properties. Albeit not licenced as a therapeutic drug, and despite hints that ibogaine may perturb the heart rhythm, this alkaloid is used to treat drug addicts. We have recently reported that ibogaine inhibits human ERG (hERG) potassium channels at concentrations similar to the drugs affinity for several of its known brain targets. Thereby the drug may disturb the heart's electrophysiology. Here, to assess the drug's cardiac ion channel profile in more detail, we studied the effects of ibogaine and its congener 18-Methoxycoronaridine (18-MC) on various cardiac voltage-gated ion channels. We confirmed that heterologously expressed hERG currents are reduced by ibogaine in low micromolar concentrations. Moreover, at higher concentrations, the drug also reduced human Na{sub v}1.5 sodium and Ca{sub v}1.2 calcium currents. Ion currents were as well reduced by 18-MC, yet with diminished potency. Unexpectedly, although blocking hERG channels, ibogaine did not prolong the action potential (AP) in guinea pig cardiomyocytes at low micromolar concentrations. Higher concentrations (? 10 ?M) even shortened the AP. These findings can be explained by the drug's calcium channel inhibition, which counteracts the AP-prolonging effect generated by hERG blockade. Implementation of ibogaine's inhibitory effects on human ion channels in a computer model of a ventricular cardiomyocyte, on the other hand, suggested that ibogaine does prolong the AP in the human heart. We conclude that therapeutic concentrations of ibogaine have the propensity to prolong the QT interval of the electrocardiogram in humans. In some cases this may lead to cardiac arrhythmias. - Highlights: We study effects of anti-addiction drug ibogaine on ionic currents in cardiomyocytes. We assess the cardiac ion channel profile of ibogaine. Ibogaine inhibits hERG potassium, sodium and calcium channels. Ibogaines effects on ion channels are a potential source of cardiac arrhythmias. 18-Methoxycoronaridine has a lower affinity for cardiac ion channels than ibogaine.

Koenig, Xaver; Kovar, Michael; Rubi, Lena; Mike, Agnes K.; Lukacs, Peter; Gawali, Vaibhavkumar S.; Todt, Hannes [Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Department of Neurophysiology and -pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna (Austria); Hilber, Karlheinz, E-mail: karlheinz.hilber@meduniwien.ac.at [Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Department of Neurophysiology and -pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna (Austria); Sandtner, Walter [Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Institute of Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna (Austria)

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Radiative Heating of the ISCCP Upper Level Cloud Regimes and its Impact on the Large-scale Tropical Circulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiative heating profiles of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) cloud regimes (or weather states) were estimated by matching ISCCP observations with radiative properties derived from cloud radar and lidar measurements from the Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) sites at Manus, Papua New Guinea, and Darwin, Australia. Focus was placed on the ISCCP cloud regimes containing the majority of upper level clouds in the tropics, i.e., mesoscale convective systems (MCSs), deep cumulonimbus with cirrus, mixed shallow and deep convection, and thin cirrus. At upper levels, these regimes have average maximum cloud occurrences ranging from 30% to 55% near 12 km with variations depending on the location and cloud regime. The resulting radiative heating profiles have maxima of approximately 1 K/day near 12 km, with equal heating contributions from the longwave and shortwave components. Upper level minima occur near 15 km, with the MCS regime showing the strongest cooling of 0.2 K/day and the thin cirrus showing no cooling. The gradient of upper level heating ranges from 0.2 to 0.4 K/(day?km), with the most convectively active regimes (i.e., MCSs and deep cumulonimbus with cirrus) having the largest gradient. When the above heating profiles were applied to the 25-year ISCCP data set, the tropics-wide average profile has a radiative heating maximum of 0.45Kday-1 near 250 hPa. Column-integrated radiative heating of upper level cloud accounts for about 20% of the latent heating estimated by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Precipitation Radar (PR). The ISCCP radiative heating of tropical upper level cloud only slightly modifies the response of an idealized primitive equation model forced with the tropics-wide TRMM PR latent heating, which suggests that the impact of upper level cloud is more important to large-scale tropical circulation variations because of convective feedbacks rather than direct forcing by the cloud radiative heating profiles. However, the height of the radiative heating maxima and gradient of the heating profiles are important to determine the sign and patterns of the horizontal circulation anomaly driven by radiative heating at upper levels.

Li, Wei; Schumacher, Courtney; McFarlane, Sally A.

2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

265

Parameterization and analysis of 3-D radiative transfer in clouds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides a summary of major accomplishments from the project. The project examines the impact of radiative interactions between neighboring atmospheric columns, for example clouds scattering extra sunlight toward nearby clear areas. While most current cloud models donâ??t consider these interactions and instead treat sunlight in each atmospheric column separately, the resulting uncertainties have remained unknown. This project has provided the first estimates on the way average solar heating is affected by interactions between nearby columns. These estimates have been obtained by combining several years of cloud observations at three DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility sites (in Alaska, Oklahoma, and Papua New Guinea) with simulations of solar radiation around the observed clouds. The importance of radiative interactions between atmospheric columns was evaluated by contrasting simulations that included the interactions with those that did not. This study provides lower-bound estimates for radiative interactions: It cannot consider interactions in cross-wind direction, because it uses two-dimensional vertical cross-sections through clouds that were observed by instruments looking straight up as clouds drifted aloft. Data from new DOE scanning radars will allow future radiative studies to consider the full three-dimensional nature of radiative processes. The results reveal that two-dimensional radiative interactions increase overall day-and-night average solar heating by about 0.3, 1.2, and 4.1 Watts per meter square at the three sites, respectively. This increase grows further if one considers that most large-domain cloud simulations have resolutions that cannot specify small-scale cloud variability. For example, the increases in solar heating mentioned above roughly double for a fairly typical model resolution of 1 km. The study also examined the factors that shape radiative interactions between atmospheric columns and found that local effects were often much larger than the overall values mentioned above, and were especially large for high sun and near convective clouds such as cumulus. The study also found that statistical methods such as neural networks appear promising for enabling cloud models to consider radiative interactions between nearby atmospheric columns. Finally, through collaboration with German scientists, the project found that new methods (especially one called â??stepwise krigingâ?) show great promise in filling gaps between cloud radar scans. If applied to data from the new DOE scanning cloud radars, these methods can yield large, continuous three-dimensional cloud structures for future radiative simulations.

Varnai, Tamas

2012-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

266

Candidate mosaic proteins for a pan-filoviral cytotoxic T-Cell lymphocyte vaccine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The extremely high fatality rates of many filovirus (FILV) strains the recurrent but rarely identified origin of human epidemics, the only partly identified viral reservoirs and the continuing non-human primate epizootics in Africa make a broadly-protective filovirus vaccine highly desirable. Cytotoxic T-cells (CTL) have been shown to be protective in mice, guinea pigs and non-human primates. In murine models the cytotoxic T-cell epitopes that are protective against Ebola virus have been mapped and in non-human primates CTL-mediated protection between viral strains (John Dye: specify) has been demonstrated using two filoviral proteins, nucleoprotein (NP) and glycoprotein (GP). These immunological results suggest that the CTL avenue of immunity deserves consideration for a vaccine. The poorly-understood viral reservoirs means that it is difficult to predict what strains are likely to cause epidemics. Thus, there is a premium on developing a pan-filoviral vaccine. The genetic diversity of FILV is large, roughly the same scale as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This presents a serious challenge for the vaccine designer because a traditional vaccine aspiring to pan-filoviral coverage is likely to require the inclusion of many antigenic reagents. A recent method for optimizing cytotoxic T-cell lymphocyte epitope coverage with mosaic antigens was successful in improving potential CTL epitope coverage against HIV and may be useful in the context of very different viruses, such as the filoviruses discussed here. Mosaic proteins are recombinants composed of fragments of wild-type proteins joined at locations resulting in exclusively natural k-mers, 9 {le} k {le} 15, and having approximately the same length as the wild-type proteins. The use of mosaic antigens is motivated by three conjectures: (1) optimizing a mosaic protein to maximize coverage of k-mers found in a set of reference proteins will give better odds of including broadly-protective CTL epitopes in a vaccine than is possible with a wild-type protein, (2) reducing the number of low-prevalence k-mers minimizes the likelihood of undesirable immunodominance, and (3) excluding exogenous k-mers will result in mosaic proteins whose processing for presentation is close to what occurs with wild-type proteins. The first and second applications of the mosaic method were to HIV and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). HIV is the virus with the largest number of known sequences, and consequently a plethora of information for the CTL vaccine designer to incorporate into their mosaics. Experience with HIV and HCV mosaics supports the validity of the three conjectures above. The available FILV sequences are probably closer to the minimum amount of information needed to make a meaningful mosaic vaccine candidate. There were 532 protein sequences in the National Institutes of Health GenPept database in November 2007 when our reference set was downloaded. These sequences come from both Ebola and Marburg viruses (EBOV and MARV), representing transcripts of all 7 genes. The coverage of viral diversity by the 7 genes is variable, with genes 1 (nucleoprotein, NP), 4 (glycoprotein, GP; soluble glycoprotein, sGP) and 7 (polymerase, L) giving the best coverage. Broadly-protective vaccine candidates for diverse viruses, such as HIV or Hepatitis C virus (HCV) have required pools of antigens. FILV is similar in this regard. While we have designed CTL mosaic proteins using all 7 types of filoviral proteins, only NP, GP and L proteins are reported here. If it were important to include other proteins in a mosaic CTL vaccine, additional sequences would be required to cover the space of known viral diversity.

Fenimore, Paul W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fischer, William M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kuiken, Carla [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Foley, Brian T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thurmond, J R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yusim, K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Korber, B T [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Evaluation of cloud fraction and its radiative effect simulated by IPCC AR4 global models against ARM surface observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cloud Fraction (CF) is the dominant modulator of radiative fluxes. In this study, we evaluate CF simulations in the IPCC AR4 GCMs against ARM ground measurements, with a focus on the vertical structure, total amount of cloud and its effect on cloud shortwave transmissivity, for both inter-model deviation and model-measurement discrepancy. Our intercomparisons of three CF or sky-cover related dataset reveal that the relative differences are usually less than 10% (5%) for multi-year monthly (annual) mean values, while daily differences are quite significant. The results also show that the model-observation and the inter-model deviations have a similar magnitude for the total CF (TCF) and the normalized cloud effect, and they are twice as large as the surface downward solar radiation and cloud transmissivity. This implies that the other cloud properties, such as cloud optical depth and height, have a similar magnitude of disparity to TCF among the GCMs, and suggests that a better agreement among the GCMs in solar radiative fluxes could be the result of compensating errors in either cloud vertical structure, cloud optical depth or cloud fraction. Similar deviation pattern between inter-model and model-measurement suggests that the climate models tend to generate larger bias against observations for those variables with larger inter-model deviation. The simulated TCF from IPCC AR4 GCMs are very scattered through all seasons over three ARM sites: Southern Great Plains (SGP), Manus, Papua New Guinea and North Slope of Alaska (NSA). The GCMs perform better at SGP than at Manus and NSA in simulating the seasonal variation and probability distribution of TCF; however, the TCF in these models is remarkably underpredicted and cloud transmissivity is less susceptible to the change of TCF than the observed at SGP. Much larger inter-model deviation and model bias are found over NSA than the other sites in estimating the TCF, cloud transmissivity and cloud-radiation interaction, suggesting that the Arctic region continues to challenge cloud simulations in climate models. Most of the GCMs tend to underpredict CF and fail to capture the seasonal variation of CF at middle and low levels in the tropics. The high altitude CF is much larger in the GCMs than the observation and the inter-model variability of CF also reaches maximum at high levels in the tropics. Most of the GCMs tend to underpredict CF by 50-150% relative to the measurement average at low and middle levels over SGP. While the GCMs generally capture the maximum CF in the boundary layer and vertical variability, the inter-model deviation is largest near surface over the Arctic. The internal variability of CF simulated in ensemble runs with the same model is very minimal.

Qian, Yun; Long, Charles N.; Wang, Hailong; Comstock, Jennifer M.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Xie, Shaocheng

2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z