Sample records for guinea ethiopia gabon

  1. Gabon: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on Gabon's largest oil field, Rabi Kounga, and a flurry of smaller reservoirs which have boosted production to 300,000 bopd. Regional geology is so complex that it generates a large discovery only once every twenty years, and operators come and go due to low discovery ratios, following market ups and downs. A hard core four remain: Elf first, Shell, British Gas, which bought Tenneco, and Amoco. Shell's Rabi Kounga discovery, which stretches from shore to shelf, boosted exploration and renewed interest for onshore licenses. The low discovery rate, however, reflects the complexity of Gabonese basins.

  2. Popular Theatre in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashagrie, Aboneh

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    bqinninl oflbeltte in Ethiopia] . (trans. from Amlwie), (such community theatre in Ethiopia with special reference tocommunity development in Ethiopia will be pro posed in th e

  3. Protest in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas, Gildas

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    thesis on "Christianity in Ethiopia". He has also written awith Local Religions in Ethiopia. GROUP AND A SINGLE by D.entrust the destiny of Ethiopia? Footnotes: Quoted i n R.

  4. Ethiopia: An Heretical Revolution?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpers, Edward E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    controdictioJ'ls t hat Ethiopia '" tl"aditUmal " oci e ty1s sai d , hoeever , l efort's Ethiopia sti ll s tands as an

  5. Gabon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGermanFifeGEXA Corp. (New Jersey) JumpGREETGWE BiogasGabon:

  6. Tekeste Negash. Rethinking Education in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lintner, Timothy

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rethinking Education in Ethiopia. Uppsala, Sweden : NordiskaRethinking Educa tion in Ethiopia: In his work, Negash callsagrarian nature of Ethiopia and its dependent economy,

  7. The Process of Class Conflict in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warr, Michael

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ababa, 1975. Ibid. "Ethiopia," Africa Contemporary Record,45. Engels, op. cit. , p. 9. "Ethiopia," Africa Contemporaryp. 22. David Ottaway , "Ethiopia Military Relies on Peasants

  8. Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demissie, Fassil

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    de- nocratic revolution in Ethiopia, the synpathy and whole-ETHIOPIA PND THE ffl~ OF JlfRICA~ by Fassil Demissie 'Ibe>lens of revolution in Ethiopia, the specific fonns it would

  9. projet conjoint parrain par la Fondation Shell et Shell Gabon, des chercheurs de l'Institution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Robert J.

    projet conjoint parrainé par la Fondation Shell et Shell Gabon, des chercheurs de l, le Cameroun et la Guinée-Équatoriale. Le pays est baigné par un climat tropical humide avec une'orientation par écholocation des Microchiroptères représente une adaptation évolutive unique à la vie nocturne

  10. The Background to the Political Crisis in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gebeyehu, Asamenew G.W.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Government 0/ Ethiopia. (London: Faber and Faber, 1969),15. 3Donald L. Levine. Greater Ethiopia: The Evolution 01 aor thc peoples or Ethiopia. sec Levine abovc. GEBEYEHU

  11. Fanonet: Ethnohistorical Notes on the Gurage Urban Migration in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nida, Worku

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Keith. 1992. The Economy of Ethiopia. New York: St. Mania'sAround Addis Ababa, Ethiopia." Annals of the Association of1973. "Urban Development in Ethiopia (1889- 1925)." Jollrnal

  12. The Nile Basin Initiative in Ethiopia: Voices from Addis Ababa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulds, Kim

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    agreements will give Ethiopia more negotiating power. Egypt,WaterAid, and PANOS Ethiopia. 7 I interviewed stafT at theNUe Basin Initiative in Ethiopia: Voices from Addis Ababa'

  13. RADBOUDUNIVERSITY NIJMEGEN, THE NETHERLANDS ICT for Ethiopia's land

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas, Peter

    RADBOUDUNIVERSITY NIJMEGEN, THE NETHERLANDS ICT for Ethiopia's land administration Bachelor Thesis Information Science Sander van Hooft 7/15/2009 Supervisor: Luca Consoli, Phd. #12;ICT for Ethiopia........................................................................................... 5 4.1 Ethiopia's history of land administration

  14. Man: The Jewel of Jewels or The Topaz of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Marvis

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sweeps over the land. "And Ethiopia sholl stretch oUl hersmiles &. dour pacon? Egypt-Ethiopia-Sheba-Somalia-Nubia: No

  15. 2d International Littmann Conference Jan. 2006, Aksum, Ethiopia The National Archives and Library of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Anaïs Wion 2d International Littmann Conference ­ Jan. 2006, Aksum, Ethiopia PRE-PRINT The National Archives and Library of Ethiopia: six years of Ethio-French cooperation (2001-2006) Most scholars are aware traditions are a reality that should more often be discussed openly by the scholarly community. In Ethiopia

  16. Raymond A. Silverman, ed. Ethiopia: Traditions of Creativity. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemma, Azeb

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Raymond A. , ed. , Ethiopia Traditions of Creativity (Washington Press, 1999). Ethiopia: Traditions of Creativity,on artists and artisans in Ethiopia. This research venture

  17. Biodiversity And Livelihoods In Southwestern Ethiopia: Forest Loss And Prospects For Conservation In Shade Coffee Agroecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eshete, Getachew Tadesse

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environment 6:439-447. EMA 2010. Ethiopia Mapping Agency.Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Fairhead, J. and Leach, M. 1996.of deforestation in Ethiopia, 1840 - 1992. Environmental

  18. Prevention of postpartum hemorrhage: Options for home births in rural Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prata, Ndola; Holston, Martine; Potts, Malcolm

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Home Births in Rural Ethiopia N. Prata 1 *, A. Gessessewinterventions. In rural Tigray, Ethiopia, traditional birthCentral Statistical Agency [Ethiopia] and ORC Macro. 2006.

  19. Millions on the Margins: Music, Ethnicity, and Censorship Among the Oromo of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mollenhauer, Shawn Michael

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recording. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Birhanu. Interview by theAudio Recording. Assele, Ethiopia. Dabir. Interview by theRecording. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Daniel. Interview by the

  20. CAN INTEGRATED WATERSHED MANAGEMENT BRING GREATER FOOD SECURITY IN ETHIOPIA?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    CAN INTEGRATED WATERSHED MANAGEMENT BRING GREATER FOOD SECURITY IN ETHIOPIA? Oloro V. McHugh, Amy S, Ethiopia Gete Zeleke ARARI, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia Abstract: In the food insecure regions, short annual. Ethiopia's agricultural sector is driven by the subsistence strategies of smallholder farmers

  1. ETHIOPIA AND THE NILE DILEMMAS OF NATIONAL AND REGIONAL HYDROPOLITICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Manuscript April 2004 ETHIOPIA AND THE NILE DILEMMAS OF NATIONAL AND REGIONAL HYDROPOLITICS Presented by Yacob Arsano Citizen of Ethiopia Accepted on the recommendations of Prof. Dr. Andreas Wenger Prof. Dr. Kurt R. Spillmann Dr. Guenther Baechler Zurich, 2004 #12;1 Ethiopia and the Nile #12;Ethiopia

  2. Diverse Fusarium solani isolates colonise agricultural environments in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diverse Fusarium solani isolates colonise agricultural environments in Ethiopia M. Bogale & E soils and plant tissues in Ethiopia. To determine the diversity of F. solani in Ethiopia, we studied 43 AFLP. -tubulin . Ethiopia . Fusarium solani . TEF-1 Introduction Fusarium solani (teleomorph

  3. Review: War & the Politics of Identity in Ethiopia: the making of enemies & allies in the Horn of Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidane, Saba T

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Politics of Identity in Ethiopia: the Making of Enemies &Politics of Identity in Ethiopia, Kjetil Tronvoll takes onpolitics of the Eritrean-Ethiopia war. Neither does it

  4. The Effects of New Housing Developments on Idir, a Self-Help Association in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jifar, Woubzena Taddesse

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Governmental Organizations in Ethiopia: Examining Relations2005. UN – Habitat. The Ethiopia Case of CondominiumA History of Modern Ethiopia, 1855 – 1991. Addis Ababa

  5. Ethiopia and Eritrea During the Scramble for Africa: A Political Biography of Ras Alulá, 1875-1897

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demissie, Fassil

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Faber, London, 1974. Ethiopia and Eritrea During thediplomatic and military history of contemporary Ethiopia.this crucial juncture, Ethiopia faced three well organized

  6. Stratigraphy and geochronology of the Tambien Group, Ethiopia: Evidence for globally synchronous carbon isotope change in the Neoproterozoic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2006, The Tambien Group, Ethiopia: An early Cryogenian (ca.Ababa, Geological Survey of Ethiopia Technical Report, scalethe Tambien Group (Tigrai, N. Ethiopia) for Snowball Earth

  7. Ethiopia: Nigel Cutland, University of York, UK, and Habtu Zegeye, Bahir Dar Universty, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Ethiopia: Nigel Cutland, University of York, UK, and Habtu Zegeye, Bahir Dar Universíty, Ethiopia Bahir Dar University: recently amalgamated (2000) from Teachers' College and Polytechnic. Mathematics short course, long-term assistance with graduate education and mentoring a research group. Bahir Dar

  8. Collecting manuscripts and scrolls in Ethiopia: The missions of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Collecting manuscripts and scrolls in Ethiopia: The missions of Johannes Flemming (1905) and Enno structure of the German state, original manuscripts from Ethiopia as well as copies made for orientalists

  9. Introduction Access to sanitation services in Ethiopia is currently

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Introduction Access to sanitation services in Ethiopia is currently reported at 43% (WaterAid, 2010 of the factors that cause 80 percent of all sickness and disease in the world (WHO, 1997). In Ethiopia, it has

  10. Record of Cycling Operation of the Natural Nuclear Reactor in the Oklo/Okelobondo Area in Gabon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Record of Cycling Operation of the Natural Nuclear Reactor in the Oklo/Okelobondo Area in Gabon A billion yr old Oklo natural nuclear reactor. In addition to elevated abundances of fission-produced Zr, Ce nuclear chain reaction was predicted by Kuroda [1] 20 years before the remnants of the natural reactor

  11. Efficient Cookstoves for Darfur, Ethiopia Billions of people around the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisen, Michael

    Efficient Cookstoves for Darfur, Ethiopia Billions of people around the world cook their meals Vision to adapt the stove for use in Ethiopia, which has experienced severe deforestation. About 80 not only to create a more ef cient stove speci c for use in Ethiopia, but to nance the project by selling

  12. The Genetic Architecture of Adaptations to High Altitude in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, Matthew D.

    The Genetic Architecture of Adaptations to High Altitude in Ethiopia Gorka Alkorta-Aranburu1, Ethiopia, 4 Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, Maryland, United States of America Abstract JK, et al. (2012) The Genetic Architecture of Adaptations to High Altitude in Ethiopia. PLoS Genet 8

  13. A Female Homo erectus Pelvis from Gona, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    A Female Homo erectus Pelvis from Gona, Ethiopia Scott W. Simpson,1,2 Jay Quade,3 Naomi E. Levin,4 of Gona, Afar, Ethiopia. This obstetrically capacious pelvis demonstrates that pelvic shape in H. erectus), in the Gona Paleoanthropological Research Project study area in the Afar Regional State, Ethiopia (Fig. 1

  14. First record of a Jurassic mammal (?"Peramura") from Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodwin, Mark B.

    First record of a Jurassic mammal (?"Peramura") from Ethiopia WILLIAM A. CLEMENS, MARK B. GOODWIN mammal (?"Peramura") from Ethiopia. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 52 (3): 433­439. The first record of Mesozoic mammals in Ethiopia is a fragment of a lower mammalian molar discovered in residues left after

  15. Introduction Approximately 40% of rural Ethiopia (WaterAid, 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Introduction Approximately 40% of rural Ethiopia (WaterAid, 2010) lacks access to clean water for water pumping is one alternative in the rural areas of Ethiopia since most of the population has technologies for water pumping in Ethiopia and especially in Amhara Region is limited. The promotion

  16. SUSTAINABLE HERITAGE TOURISM PLANNING IN ETHIOPIA: AN ASSESSMENT FRAMEWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SUSTAINABLE HERITAGE TOURISM PLANNING IN ETHIOPIA: AN ASSESSMENT FRAMEWORK by Stefanie Jones B Management Project No.: 532 Title: Sustainable Heritage Tourism Planning in Ethiopia: An Assessment Framework of archaeological sites in Northern Ethiopia. The research found that the heritage sites in question had low

  17. Fungal Diversity Characterization of Fusarium oxysporum isolates from Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fungal Diversity 51 Characterization of Fusarium oxysporum isolates from Ethiopia using AFLP, SSR.D., Wingfield, M.J. and Steenkamp, E.T. (2006). Characterization of Fusarium oxysporum isolates from Ethiopia Sequence Repeat (SSR) markers and DNA sequence analyses to study 32 strains of F. oxysporum from Ethiopia

  18. The structure of a Mesozoic basin beneath the Lake Tana area, Ethiopia, revealed by magnetotelluric imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The structure of a Mesozoic basin beneath the Lake Tana area, Ethiopia, revealed by magnetotelluric of Mines, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia c Geological Survey of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Received 18 April 2006 Abstract The northwestern Plateau of Ethiopia is almost entirely covered with extensive Tertiary

  19. Vegetation History And Logging Disturbance: Effects On Rain Forest In The Lope Reserve, Gabon (With Special Emphasis On Elephants and Apes) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Lee JT

    An investigation of the effects of commercial mechanised selective logging on rain forest vegetation and mammals, was undertaken in the Lope Reserve, central Gabon, between January 1989 to July 1991. Vegetation in Lope ...

  20. Geology, volcanology and geochemistry Drainage pattern and regional morphostructure at Melka Kunture (Upper Awash, Ethiopia) ........................83

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    at Melka Kunture (Upper Awash, Ethiopia) ........................83 Guillaume Bardin, Jean-Paul Raynal, Guy Kieffer Volcanic markers in coarse alluvium at Melka Kunture (Upper Awash, Ethiopia (Upper Awash, Ethiopia) ....................................................103 Gérard Poupeau, Guy

  1. Lalibela: Konjowa ketema be-ityopia (Lalibela: A Beautiful City in Ethiopia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Lahra

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Churches ofLalibela, Ethiopia M.A. Thesis, UCLA. Garrick,in Rock: Early Christian Art in Ethiopia New York: PhaidonDorothea (1972). Lalibela, Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: Ethiopian

  2. SWAT TO IDENTIFY WATERSHED MANAGEMENT OPTIONS: (ANJENI WATERSHED, BLUE NILE BASIN, ETHIOPIA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    SWAT TO IDENTIFY WATERSHED MANAGEMENT OPTIONS: (ANJENI WATERSHED, BLUE NILE BASIN, ETHIOPIA Biniam Biruk Ashagre #12;ABSTRACT Ethiopia is known for its wealth of natural resources. These result Basin, Ethiopia) #12;iv This study is dedicated to my

  3. Design of Architecture for a Terrestrial LAN & VSAT-based National Telemedicine Network in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    in Ethiopia Fikreyohannes Lemma+ , Solomon Atnafu++, Samuel Kinde Kassegne+++,1 + MS degree candidate, Department of Computer Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia ++ Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia +++ Visiting Scientist, Henri

  4. Survey of Current Efforts and Potentials in Application of Telemedicine in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    Survey of Current Efforts and Potentials in Application of Telemedicine in Ethiopia Fikreyohannes Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia ++ Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia ++ Visiting Scientist, Henri Samueli School

  5. Discussing the Leaf of Allah: Linguistic Aspects of Qat Culture in Harar, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carmichael, Tim

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Qat Culture in Harlir, Ethiopia· Tim Carmichael ''"H· ar "i.and its use in Hariir, Ethiopia, historically the premierleaf-based on research in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Yemen

  6. FACTORS DETERMINING RESIDENTIAL WATER DEMAND IN NORTH WESTERN ETHIOPIA, THE CASE OF MERAWI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    FACTORS DETERMINING RESIDENTIAL WATER DEMAND IN NORTH WESTERN ETHIOPIA, THE CASE OF MERAWI among different households of the town of Merawi, North Western Ethiopia. Understanding variables

  7. Laurel Phillipson, Using Stone Tools: the Evidence from Aksum, Ethiopia: Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology 77, Archaeopress, Oxford, 2009, 149 pp, ISBN 978 1 4073 0408 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curtis, Matthew C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Evidence from Aksum, Ethiopia Cambridge Monographs inarea in Tigray, northern Ethiopia. The study reported in theinvestigated region in Ethiopia, relatively little attention

  8. abattoir southern ethiopia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    dissertation will integrate geochemical and geophysical constraints from central-northern Ethiopia, moving closer to an integrated tectonic, structural and magmatic model of...

  9. MATHIEU, GADGIL, KOWOLIK, QAZI, & AGOGINO 34th WEDC International Conference, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    , Ethiopia, 2009 WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND MULTISECTORAL APPROACHES Design

  10. Case management to improve adherence for HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in Ethiopia: A micro-costing study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Factsheet. 2005. 4. PEPFAR Country Profiles: Ethiopia. [www.pepfar.gov/countries/ ethiopia/index.htm]. 5. ZwillichHospital. 2007, I-TECH Ethiopia. 14. Monthly HIV Care and

  11. Recurrent Shocks, Poverty Traps and the Degradation of the Social Capital Base of Pastoralism: A Case Study from Southern Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berhanu, Wassie

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Case Study from Southern Ethiopia. Wassie Berhanu AddisCase Study from Southern Ethiopia. CEGA Working Paper SeriesA Case Study from Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Development

  12. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  13. Coffee landscapes as refugia for native woody biodiversity as forest loss continues in southwest Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zavaleta, Erika

    Ethiopia Getachew Tadesse , Erika Zavaleta, Carol Shennan Environmental Studies Department, University and ecosystem services. Some of the last remaining forest frag- ments in Ethiopia, and the world's only habitats

  14. Petroleum Service Projects in the Gulf of Guinea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ken-Worgu, Kenneth Chukwumeka

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    carried out by the OIS group in the gulf of Guinea. The following are the specific projects in the Gulf of Guinea that I participated in: Managing delivering, maintenance and marketing of offshore vessels, Offshore pipe laying project, Integrated pipeline...

  15. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary IcelandGuinea Papua New Guinea Haiti Mozambique Pakistan AppendixSierra Leone Bhutan Chad Haiti Ethiopia Niger Somalia

  16. Drowned carbonate platforms in the Bismarck Sea, Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffmann, Gary; Silver, Eli; Day, Simon; Driscoll, Neal; Appelgate, Bruce

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    subsidence caused by G. Hoffmann (&) Á E. Silver UniversitySea, Papua New Guinea Gary Hoffmann • Eli Silver • Simon Day

  17. Sergey E. Mikhailov, Brunel University, UK, and Tsegaye Gedif Ayele, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    , Ethiopia The aim is to develop collaboration between Sergey Mikhailov and the research group at Addis Ababa

  18. DETERMINANTS OF HOUSEHOLD PARTICIPATION IN WATER SOURCE MANAGEMENT: ACHEFER, AMHARA REGION, ETHIOPIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    , ETHIOPIA A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Cornell University In Partial in Ethiopia are among the lowest in Sub-Saharan Africa. While governmental and non- governmental organizations out involving 16 water supply systems and 160 households within Achefer area, in Amhara, Ethiopia

  19. The late Miocene mammalian fauna of Chorora, Awash basin, Ethiopia: systematics, biochronology and 40

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The late Miocene mammalian fauna of Chorora, Awash basin, Ethiopia: systematics, biochronology, 75014 PARIS, France Zeresenay ALEMSEGED - National Museum, P.O.Box 76, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Hervé New whole-rock 40 K-40 Ar ages on lava flows bracketing the Chorora Fm, Ethiopia, confirm that its

  20. Mycosphaerella species associated with leaf disease of Eucalyptus globulus in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mycosphaerella species associated with leaf disease of Eucalyptus globulus in Ethiopia By Alemu, Forestry Research Sector, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2 Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Tree spp. are among the most widely planted exotic trees in Ethiopia. Several damaging leaf pathogens

  1. Impact of climate change on the hydroclimatology of Lake Tana Basin, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Impact of climate change on the hydroclimatology of Lake Tana Basin, Ethiopia Shimelis G. Setegn,1 investigated the sensitivity of water resources to climate change in the Lake Tana Basin, Ethiopia, using on the hydroclimatology of Lake Tana Basin, Ethiopia, Water Resour. Res., 47, W04511, doi:10.1029/2010WR009248. 1

  2. ACSF-Oxfam Rural Resilience Project Case Study: Kejima (Hawassa Zuria), Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    ACSF-Oxfam Rural Resilience Project Case Study: Kejima (Hawassa Zuria), Ethiopia Brian Thiede Ph Resilience Assessment Case Study: Kejima (Hawassa Zuria), Ethiopia Brian Thiede I. Community Profile The community of Kejima is located in south-central Ethiopia, at an elevation of approximately 1,700 meters

  3. For those who possess only a superficial knowledge of Ethiopia, the phrase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;For those who possess only a superficial knowledge of Ethiopia, the phrase "Ethiopian wetlands in the remote Highlands of Ethiopia. "As a Canadian I have had to explain that, no, I don't live in an igloo is an exclusively dry and sandy region. The reality is that the spring, summer months of Ethiopia are defined

  4. Flood and Shield Basalts from Ethiopia: Magmas from the African Superswell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Flood and Shield Basalts from Ethiopia: Magmas from the African Superswell BRUNO KIEFFER1, ETHIOPIA 4 DEEPARTEMENT DES SCIENCES DE LA TERRE ET DE L'ENVIRONNEMENT, UNIVERSITEE LIBRE DE BRUXELLES 50 the shield volcanoes. KEY WORDS: Ethiopia; flood basalts; shield volcanism; superswell INTRODUCTION According

  5. Precambrian Research 121 (2003) 263283 Significance of the Tambien Group (Tigrai, N. Ethiopia) for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Precambrian Research 121 (2003) 263­283 Significance of the Tambien Group (Tigrai, N. Ethiopia University, PO Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia c Dipartimento di Scienze Mineralogiche e Petrologiche of northern Ethiopia (Negash syncline). Here, a pronounced negative carbon excursion from values of +7 to -2

  6. Switch-reference and Omotic-Cushitic Language Contact in Southwest Ethiopia Yvonne Treis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Switch-reference and Omotic-Cushitic Language Contact in Southwest Ethiopia Yvonne Treis LLACAN. This study shows that there is a confined area in the South of Ethiopia where many Omotic languages and a few (Cushitic) and gives an overview of the distribution of switch-reference systems in Ethiopia in general

  7. Sequence of rifting in Afar, MandaHararo rift, Ethiopia, 20052009: Timespace evolution and interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas, Chamot-Rooke

    Sequence of rifting in Afar, MandaHararo rift, Ethiopia, 2005­2009: Timespace evolution intrusions in the Manda Hararo rift, Afar (Ethiopia), from September 2005 to June 2009, studied using Chabalier, and G. C. P. King (2010), Sequence of rifting in Afar, MandaHararo rift, Ethiopia, 2005

  8. Educational Access i Educational Access for Orphans and Vulnerable Children in Woliso, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheel, David

    Educational Access i Educational Access for Orphans and Vulnerable Children in Woliso, Ethiopia ABSTRACT The appalling rise in the number of orphans in Ethiopia has reached epidemic proportions. The United Nations Fund-Ethiopia (2007) estimates there are 4.6 million orphaned children, 85 % of which do

  9. Emergence and evolution of learning gaps across countries: Linked panel evidence from Ethiopia, India, Peru and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    Emergence and evolution of learning gaps across countries: Linked panel evidence from Ethiopia unique child-level panel data from Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam with identical tests administered, prior to school enrolment, with children in Vietnam at the upper end, children in Ethiopia at the lower

  10. Transient rift opening in response to multiple dike injections in the Manda Hararo rift (Afar, Ethiopia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Socquet, Anne

    , Ethiopia) imaged by timedependent elastic inversion of interferometric synthetic aperture radar data R intrusions in the Manda Hararo­Dabbahu rift (Afar, Ethiopia) from 2005 to 2009 show that transient in response to multiple dike injections in the Manda Hararo rift (Afar, Ethiopia) imaged by timedependent

  11. Assessing Rural Transformations: Piloting a Qualitative Impact Protocol in Malawi and Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Assessing Rural Transformations: Piloting a Qualitative Impact Protocol in Malawi and Ethiopia a Qualitative Impact Protocol in Malawi and Ethiopia James Copestake and Fiona Remnant Abstract This paper impact evaluation of NGO sponsored rural development projects in Malawi and Ethiopia. Two of the projects

  12. Gravity tectonics of topographic ridges: Halokinesis and gravitational spreading in the western Ogaden, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mege, Daniel

    Ogaden, Ethiopia Daniel Mège a,b, , Laetitia Le Deit c , Tewodros Rango d , Tesfaye Korme e a Institute of Ethiopia, between the Ethiopian rift and the South Afar margin, is marked by uplift and incision in response to plateau uplift in Ethiopia has debuttressed the topography along two parallel rivers, instead

  13. September 2005 Manda Hararo-Dabbahu rifting event, Afar (Ethiopia): Constraints provided by geodetic data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas, Chamot-Rooke

    September 2005 Manda Hararo-Dabbahu rifting event, Afar (Ethiopia): Constraints provided of complementary geodetic data for the 2005 rifting event of Afar (Ethiopia). Interferometric synthetic aperture, Afar (Ethiopia): Constraints provided by geodetic data, J. Geophys. Res., 114, B08404, doi:10

  14. ASSESSMENT OF HYDROLOGICAL CONTROLS ON GULLY FORMATION NEAR LAKE TANA, NORTHERN HIGHLANDS OF ETHIOPIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    OF ETHIOPIA A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Cornell University In Partial in the 523 ha of Debre-Mewi watershed south of Bahir Dar, Amhara region, Ethiopia. A comparison of the gully was born in 1984 and grew up in Motta, Ethiopia. She received her Bachelor of Science in Land Resource

  15. The Role of NGOs in Preventing and Managing Water Conflicts in Ethiopia Rea Seraina Bonzi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    The Role of NGOs in Preventing and Managing Water Conflicts in Ethiopia Rea Seraina Bonzi M and managing conflicts arising from water development projects in Ethiopia. It seeks to find out development in water resources development. The institutional settings and the legal framework in Ethiopia complicate

  16. Pressure-State-Response in Land Resource Changes, Lake Tana Basin, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Pressure-State-Response in Land Resource Changes, Lake Tana Basin, Ethiopia Birru Yitaferu, Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Ethiopia; Hans Hurni, Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), University of Bern, Switzerland; Gete Zeleke, Global Mountain Program, Ethiopia Lake Tana Basin (LTB

  17. Papua New Guinea: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on oil exploration which is booming in Papua New Guinea (PNG) following a rash of license applications and farm-ins. Most activity is onshore, but success is beginning to drift offshore. Currently, 40 petroleum prospecting licenses (PPL) and one producing license are active, and eight more PPL applications are being considered. PNG is expected to become an oil exporter by September 1992 when initial production is expected from Iagifu, Hedina and Agogo fields.

  18. THE LARGE MAMMAL FAUNA OF THE OLDOWAYAN SITES OF MELKA-KUNTUR, ETHIOPIA Denis GERAADS *, Vra EISENMANN ** and Germaine PETTER **

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    THE LARGE MAMMAL FAUNA OF THE OLDOWAYAN SITES OF MELKA-KUNTURÉ, ETHIOPIA Denis GERAADS *, Véra in the Authority for Research and Conservation of Cultural Heritage, Ministry of Culture, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  19. Remote sensing analysis of the Gorge of the Nile, Ethiopia with emphasis on DejenGohatsion region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gani, Nahid DS

    Remote sensing analysis of the Gorge of the Nile, Ethiopia with emphasis on Dejen­Gohatsion region and geomorphological information in order to understand the geological controls on the Gorge of the Nile in Ethiopia

  20. Book review: Elizabeth E. Watson, 2009, Living Terraces in Ethiopia Konso Landscape, Culture & Development, Woodbridge and New York: James Currey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Book review: Elizabeth E. Watson, 2009, Living Terraces in Ethiopia ­ Konso Landscape, Culture'Ethiopie. Quotation: Demeulenaere, Elise. 2010. "Book review of Watson E. E., 2009, 'Living Terraces in Ethiopia territory in southern Ethiopia entirely shaped by agricultural terraces. For the author, most existing

  1. FACTORS AFFECTING THE SUSTAINABILITY OF RURAL WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS: THE CASE OF MECHA WOREDA, AMHARA REGION, ETHIOPIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    , AMHARA REGION, ETHIOPIA A Project Paper Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Cornell that these systems are not working. The MechaWoreda, in Amhara Region, Ethiopia was chosen. These types of wells, 1983 in Debre Markos, Ethiopia. He received his diploma from Gondar College of teachers' education

  2. The honey bees of Ethiopia represent a new subspecies of Apis mellifera--Apis mellifera simensis n. ssp.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The honey bees of Ethiopia represent a new subspecies of Apis mellifera--Apis mellifera simensis n bees endemic to the volcanic dome system of Ethiopia are described as a new subspecies, Apis mellifera this population. There is no indication for the presence of more than one subspecies of honey bee in Ethiopia

  3. Middle Pliocene Bovidae from Hominid-bearing sites in the Woranso-Mille area, Afar region, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Ethiopia Denis Geraads 1* , Stephanie Melillo 2 , & Yohannes Haile-Selassie 3 1 UPR 2147 du CNRS, 44 rue de : Artiodactyla, Bovidae, Middle Pliocene, Ethiopia, eastern Africa halshs-00443584,version1-30Dec2009 Author-Mille (WORMIL) area, about 45km North of Hadar in the lower Awash Valley, Afar region, Ethiopia (Fig.1). Work

  4. The Tambien Group, Northern Ethiopia (Tigre) NATHAN R. MILLER1*, DOV AVIGAD2, ROBERT J. STERN3 & MICHAEL BEYTH4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    Chapter 21 The Tambien Group, Northern Ethiopia (Tigre) NATHAN R. MILLER1*, DOV AVIGAD2, ROBERT J (e-mail: nrmiller@mail.utexas.edu) Abstract: The Tambien Group of northern Ethiopia (Tigre Ethiopia within an intra-oceanic setting that was likely far removed from cratonic hinterlands. More work

  5. REFLECTIONS ON THE NOTIONS OF "EMPIRE" AND "KINGDOM" IN SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY ETHIOPIA: ROYAL POWER AND LOCAL POWER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    REFLECTIONS ON THE NOTIONS OF "EMPIRE" AND "KINGDOM" IN SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY ETHIOPIA: ROYAL POWER depuis 2006 le Centre d'études des mondes africains Generally, historians of Ethiopia have remained vague, in his excellent synthesis on "medieval" Ethiopia, chose "kingdom" over "empire."1 Several modern authors

  6. Farmer Seed Exchange and Crop Diversity in a Changing Agricultural Landscape in the Southern Highlands of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zavaleta, Erika

    Highlands of Ethiopia Leah H. Samberg & Carol Shennan & Erika Zavaleta Published online: 9 March 2013 # Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013 Introduction The southern highlands of Ethiopia are home government agricultural extension services. In Ethiopia, as much as 90 % of seed planted each year is drawn

  7. The Pleistocene fauna (other than Primates) from Asbole, lower Awash Valley, Ethiopia, and its environmental and biochronological implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 The Pleistocene fauna (other than Primates) from Asbole, lower Awash Valley, Ethiopia, and its, Pleistocene, Ethiopia, environment Denis GERAADS ­ UPR 2147 CNRS, 44 rue de l'Amiral Mouchez, 75014 PARIS mammals. All fossils are housed in the National Museum of Ethiopia in Addis Ababa. In the following

  8. Culture and Psychological Responses to Environmental Shocks: Cultural Ecology of Sidama Impulsivity and Niche Construction in SW Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinlan, Robert

    Impulsivity and Niche Construction in SW Ethiopia Robert J. Quinlan1* , Samuel Jilo Dira1,2 , Mark Caudell1 Anthropology, Hawassa University, Ethiopia November 10, 2014 [Please do not cite without permission to Rift Valley lowlands in Southwest Ethiopia. The Sidama are one of the two most heavily enset

  9. CI-OFF Ex A (Rev. 0.2, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania,...

  10. The Modern History of Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa: A Select and Annotated Bibliography. By Harold G. Marcus. Hoover Institution Bibliographical Series, Volume 56, Stanford, California: Hoover Institution Press, 1972.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amatruda, William T.

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Model'YI History of Ethiopia and the Hol'YI of Africa: Athe extensive activi- ties in Ethiopia since the 1860s of

  11. Factors associated with mosquito net use by individuals in households owning nets in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, Patricia M; Ngondi, Jeremiah M; Hwang, Jimee; Getachew, Asefaw; Gebre, Teshome; Mosher, Aryc W; Patterson, Amy E; Shargie, Estifanos B; Tadesse, Zerihun; Wolkon, Adam; Reithinger, Richard; Emerson, Paul M; Richards, Frank O Jr

    2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract Background Ownership of insecticidal mosquito nets has dramatically increased in Ethiopia since 2006, but the proportion of persons with access to such nets who use them has declined. It is important to understand individual level net use...

  12. WFP supply chain capacity in Ethiopia : an analysis of its sufficiency, constraints & impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Christina Sujin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The WFP's transport of food aid to Ethiopia's landlocked population is constrained by supply chain bottlenecks at the port, and limited availability of trucks for inland transport. How can the WFP supply chain be optimized ...

  13. Simulation of hydrology and population dynamics of Anopheles mosquitoes around the Koka Reservoir in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Endo, Noriko S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis applies the HYDRology, Entomology and MAlaria Transmission Simulator (HYDREMATS) to the environment around a water resources reservoir in Ethiopia. HYDREMATS was modified to simulate the local hydrology and the ...

  14. Response to comments on an article entitled A geochemical survey of spring water from the main Ethiopian rift valley, southern Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKenzie, Jeffrey M.

    Ethiopian rift valley, southern Ethiopia: implications for well-head protection by McKenzie et al water from the main Ethiopian rift valley, southern Ethiopia: implications for well-head protection" (Mc in southern Ethiopia may be used to address issues related to well-head protection. Kebede and Travi criticize

  15. Variable ventilation induces endogenous surfactant release in normal guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutchen, Kenneth

    Variable ventilation induces endogenous surfactant release in normal guinea pigs Stephen P. Arold,1. Alencar, Kenneth R. Lutchen, and Edward P. Ingenito. Variable ventilation induces endogenous surfactant.00036.2003.--Variable or noisy ventilation, which includes random breath-to-breath variations in tidal

  16. Dental Disease of Rabbits, Guinea Pigs, and Chinchillas Rabbits, guinea pigs, and chinchillas frequently develop serious dental disease that at times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dental Disease of Rabbits, Guinea Pigs, and Chinchillas Rabbits, guinea pigs, and chinchillas. For example, a rabbit's teeth will grow 5-8 inches (12.7-20.3 cm) per year and a chinchilla's teeth will grow, and chinchillas have teeth (incisors) in the front of their mouths and teeth (premolars and molars, also known

  17. Petroleum Service Projects in the Gulf of Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ken-Worgu, Kenneth Chukwumeka

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    to May 2011, I worked on seven projects for the company. The following are the specific services contracts in the Gulf of Guinea: 1. Managing delivering, maintenance and marketing of offshore Vessels: Tug Boats, Pipe lay / work / 184 Man Accommodation... in petroleum service contract jobs for the company. I have procured petroleum pipes, grid blasters, cranes, dozers, pipe cutters, swamp buggies, tug boats and barges for the company. I have negotiated a development agreement between Oil & Industrial Services...

  18. Rule by Law in Ethiopia: Rendering Constitutional Limits on Government Power Nonsensical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abebe, Adem

    and substantive, “thin” and “thick” conceptions of the rule of law. This paper will assess the constitutional basis and understanding of the rule of law and limits on government power in Ethiopia. It discusses the manifestation of rule by law or the law of rules...

  19. Improving Availability, Access and Use of Climate Information in Africa: Ethiopia's experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    Improving Availability, Access and Use of Climate Information in Africa: Ethiopia's experience Tufa, and it has been declining. The available stations are unevenly distributed with most of them located along the main roads. The available observations suffer from gaps and poor quality. Besides, the available data

  20. ASFAW ADUGNA AGERU Melkassa Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 436, Nazareth, Ethiopia, Mob. 251-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snow, Allison A.

    ASFAW ADUGNA AGERU Melkassa Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 436, Nazareth, Ethiopia, Mob Assignments 2006- National Barley Variety Release Technical Committee Leader 2 #12;Publications: o Adugna, A. Hereditas, 145: 28-37. o Adugna, A. and T. Mesfin. 2008. Detection and quantification of genetically

  1. Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon/14/2008 12:55:54 PM] #12;Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Volume ('000 m3 import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea Reports (commissioned

  2. Review: War & the Politics of Identity in Ethiopia: the making of enemies & allies in the Horn of Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidane, Saba T

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    War and the Politics of Identity in Ethiopia: the Making ofISBN 978 1 84701 612 6. In War and the Politics of Identityin explaining the latest war with their friendly-neighbor-

  3. Magnetotelluric studies of the crust and upper mantle in a zone of active continental breakup, Afar, Ethiopia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Nicholas Edward

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Afar region of Ethiopia is slowly being torn apart by the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden and Main Ethiopian rifts which all meet at this remote, barren corner of Africa. Prior to rifting, volcanism probably started here some ...

  4. Humanitarian aid in less secure regions : an analysis of World Food Programme operations in the Somali region of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chander, Vidya

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The World Food Programme (WFP), the United Nations food agency, has recently acquired the difficult task of transporting aid into the Somali region of Ethiopia. The political instability, rebel activity, ethnic tensions, ...

  5. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES

  6. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

  7. Wild coffee production in Ethiopia: the role of coffee certification for forest conservation 1 Introduction This is the html version of the file http://web.fu-berlin.de/ffu/akumwelt/bc2006/papers/Schmitt_Grote_Coffee.pdf.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wild coffee production in Ethiopia: the role of coffee certification for forest conservation 1 been highlighted: forest certification 2006 Page 1 Wild coffee production in Ethiopia: the role)9/10/2007 3:26:41 PM #12;Wild coffee production in Ethiopia: the role of coffee certification for forest

  8. Turnbull, D.A., Taylor, P.D., Smith, S.M. and Chainey, J.E. 1992. A collection of Tabanidae (Diptera) from west-central Ethiopia, with descriptions of Tabanus gibensis sp.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Phil

    (Diptera) from west-central Ethiopia, with descriptions of Tabanus gibensis sp. n. and the male of T of Tabanidae were collected from the Gibe River area in west-central Ethiopia in 1986. Tabanus gibensis n. sp are supplied. Tabanus atrimanus is recorded for the first time from Ethiopia. The known tabanid fauna

  9. Assessment of solar and wind energy resources in Ethiopia. I. Solar energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drake, F.; Mulugetta, Y. [Univ. of Leeds (United Kingdom)] [Univ. of Leeds (United Kingdom)

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes how data from a variety of sources are merged to present new countrywide maps of the solar energy distribution over Ethiopia. The spatial coverage of stations with radiation data was found to be unsatisfactory for the purpose of a countrywide solar energy assessment exercise. Therefore, radiation had to be predicted from sunshine hours by employing empirical models. Using data from seven stations in Ethiopia, linear and quadratic correlation relationships between monthly mean daily solar radiation and sunshine hours per day have been developed. These regional models show a distinct improvement over previously employed countrywide models. To produce a national solar-energy distribution profile, a spatial extension of the radiation/sunshine relationships had to be carried out. To do this, the intercepts(a) and slopes(b) of each of the seven linear regression equations and another six from previous studies, completed in neighbouring Sudan, Kenya and Yemen, were used to interpolate the corresponding values to areas between them. Subsequent to these procedures, 142 stations providing only sunshine data were assigned their `appropriate` a and b values to estimate the amount of solar radiation received, which was then used to produce annual and monthly solar radiation distribution maps for Ethiopia. The results show that in all regions solar energy is an abundant resource. 19 refs., 11 figs., 4 tabs.

  10. Preliminary Report on the Feeding Habits of Tunas in the Gulf of Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and 72 skipjack tuna ( Katsuwonus pelamis ), captured in the Gulf of Guinea, contained mostly fishes ( Katsuwonus pelamis) are shown in figure 1. During the surveys, 171 yellowfin and 72 skipjack tunas were

  11. Studies on the immunosuppressive effects of alpha globulins obtained from guinea pig serum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowart, Richard Elmer

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDIES ON THE IMMUNOSUPP1KSSIVE EFFECTS OF ALPHA GLOBULINS OBTAINED FROM GUINEA PIG SERUM A Thesis by RICHARD ELMER COWART, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1976 Ma)or Subject: Microbiology STUDIES ON THE IFLMUNOSUPPRESSIUE EFFECTS OF ALPHA GLOBULINS OBTAINED FROM GUINEA PIG SERUM A Thesis by RICHARD ELMER COWART, JR. Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman...

  12. The Importance of Wellness Examinations for Your Exotic Pet Birds, reptiles, and small pet mammals, such as ferrets, rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, rodents,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , such as ferrets, rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, rodents, hedgehogs, and sugar gliders have the ability to hide

  13. Which nets are being used: factors associated with mosquito net use in Amhara, Oromia and Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Regions of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ngondi, Jeremiah; Graves, Patricia M; Gebre, Teshome; Mosher, Aryc W; Shargie, Estifanos B; Emerson, Paul M; Richards, Frank O Jr; Ethiopia Malaria Indicator Survey Working Group

    2011-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract Background There has been recent large scale-up of malaria control interventions in Ethiopia where transmission is unstable. While household ownership of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLIN) has increased greatly, there are concerns about...

  14. The challenges of a water system management handover in eastern Ethiopia : from the United Nations Refugee Agency to a local community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Christophe (Christopher J.)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the height of a political crisis in the late 1980s, hundreds of thousands of Somali refugees crossed into eastern Ethiopia. A humanitarian crisis soon unfolded as water was in short supply in the arid region. In ...

  15. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  16. The infectivity of Bunostomum phlebotomum to sheep, rabbits and guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boring, Gary David

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE INFECT1VITY OP BUNOSTOMUM PHLEBOTOMUM TO SHEEP, RABBITS AND GUINEA PIGS A Thesis By GARY DAVID BORING Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1964 Ma]or Sub)cot: Veterinary Parasitology THE INFECTIVITY OF BUNOSTOMUM PHLEBOTOMUM TO SHEEP~ RABBITS AND GUINEA PIGS A Thesis By GARY DAVID BORING Approved as to style and content by: i Ma (Chairman of Committee) /7 ~ 3...

  17. Dupont-Nivet, G., Sier, M., Campisano, C.J., Arrowsmith, J R., DiMaggio, E., Reed, K., Lockwood, C., Franke, C., and Hsing, S., 2008, Magnetostratigraphy of the eastern Hadar Basin (Ledi-Geraru research area, Ethiopia) and implications for hominin paleoen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    -Geraru research area, Ethiopia) and implications for hominin paleoenvironments, in Quade, J., and Wynn, J.G., eds Magnetostratigraphy of the eastern Hadar Basin (Ledi-Geraru research area, Ethiopia) and implications for hominin and climatic context. The Plio- cene Hadar Basin in the Afar region of northern Ethiopia (Fig. 1) includes some

  18. Quade, J., Levin, N.E., Simpson, S.W., Butler, R., McIntosh, W.C., Semaw, S., Kleinsasser, L., Dupont-Nivet, G., Renne, P., and Dunbar, N., 2008, The geology of Gona, Afar, Ethiopia, in Quade, J., and Wynn, J.G., eds., The Geology of Early Humans in the H

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    ., Dupont-Nivet, G., Renne, P., and Dunbar, N., 2008, The geology of Gona, Afar, Ethiopia, in Quade, J Paper 446 2008 The geology of Gona, Afar, Ethiopia Jay Quade Department of Geosciences, University- central Ethiopia span most of the last ~6.4 m.y. and are among the longest and most complete

  19. Humans and Volcanoes in Australia and New Guinea. Peter Bindon (1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    as a resource. 1 1. Anthropology Department, Western Australian Museum, Perth 6000 AUSTRALIA 2. CDRADHumans and Volcanoes in Australia and New Guinea. Peter Bindon (1) and Jean-Paul Raynal (2) ,1 de mythes d'aquisition du feu. FIRST COLONIZATION OF AUSTRALIA The occupation of greater Australia

  20. Substrate-limited electron dynamics in graphene S. Fratini1,2 and F. Guinea2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Substrate-limited electron dynamics in graphene S. Fratini1,2 and F. Guinea2 1Institut Néel dynamics in graphene. We find that the quasiparticle spectrum acquires a finite broadening due to the long-range interaction with the polar modes at the interface between graphene and the substrate. This mechanism results

  1. Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe are characterized by low beta diversity, both in tropical and in temperate areas. Location Lowland forests tracking. The community data were analysed for alpha and beta diversity. Results Local (alpha) diversity

  2. REVIEW OF POLYRHACHIS (CYRTOMYRMA) FOREL (HYMENOPTERA: FORMICIDAE: FORMICINAE) OF AUSTRALIA, BORNEO, NEW GUINEA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villemant, Claire

    , NEW GUINEA AND THE SOLOMON ISLANDS WITH DESCRIPTIONS OF NEW SPECIES RUDOLF J. KOHOUT Kohout, R.J. 2006. Kohout, Queensland Museum, PO Box 3300, South Brisbane 4101, Australia (email: kohout@powerup.com.au); 22 (Robson & Kohout, 2005). Examination ofAustralian material revealed several new species, particularly

  3. GONGED (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development of an online facility of images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    122 GONGED (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development Darrow Holloway, J. D., Miller, S. E., Pollock, D. M., Helgen, L. & Darrow, K. (2009): GONGED

  4. The development stories of equatorial Guinea and Botswana : a game theory model of how public-private partnerships can turn resources from a curse into a blessing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rizzati, Valentina

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The growth acceleration episodes characterizing Botswana and Equatorial Guinea were based on the respective discoveries of diamonds and oil. However, while Botswana, already characterized by inclusive and democratic ...

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria iraq jordan Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    East Timor Eritrea Ethiopia Haiti Iran Iraq - Kurdish Region Ivory Coast Lebanon Libya Saudi... elsewhere) Jordan Mauritania Niger North Korea Papua New Guinea Peru Qatar...

  6. --No Title--

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Islas...

  7. Sandia National Laboratories: Wind and Water Materials and Structures...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French...

  8. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePriceExpected FutureLeaseEquatorial Guinea

  9. Effect of high oleic acid pork on tissue lipids of guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Tammi Tinker

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hypotheses have been forwarded. In the guinea pig, polyunsaturated fat diets result in increased hepatic LDL-cholesterol binding (9, 24). Dietary saturated fat has been shown to decrease hepatic LDL-cholesterol receptor mediated transport in the hamster...-cholesterol receptors (9, 21) and increase hepatic LDL-cholesterol clearance (28). The effect of saturated fat was shown to decrease the LDL-cholesterol receptor-mediated transport in hamsters (34). These changes of LDL-receptor catabolism of LDL-cholesterol can...

  10. Effect of high oleic acid pork on tissue lipids of guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Tammi Tinker

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECT OF HIGH OLEIC ACID PORK ON TISSUE LIP IDS OF GUINEA PIGS A Thesis by TAMMI TINKER FLYNN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AIIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... diets did not change the rate of receptor- mediated hepatic uptake of LDL-cholesterol in hamsters. Anton (36) summarized a number of studies which used rats and rabbits to show that diets rich in oleic acid caused an increase in liver cholesterol...

  11. Growth and hepatic composition in the guinea pig after long-term parenteral hyperalimentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, C.J.H.; Redmond, D.; Baggs, R.B.; Schecter, A.; Gasiewicz, T.A.

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined the feasibility of maintaining male Hartley guinea pigs on long-term hyperalimentation. Data from animals fed ad libitum, but infused with 0.9% saline, indicated that there was minimal effect from catheter implantation, sepsis, or the infusion of large volumes of fluid. This group compared with animals fed and watered ad libitum demonstrated a nearly identical growth rate serum chemistry, tissue weights, and hepatic composition and morphology. Animals infused with a total parenteral diet demonstrated growth rates of 4.06 +/- 1.46 g/day for up to 25 days. Loss of infused animals was due in varying degrees to sepsis, mechanical failure, improper placement of the cannula, loss of patency, and death from unknown causes. Morphological analysis of animals fed by total parenteral nutrition revealed an altered distribution and increased size of lipid droplets in hepatic parenchymal and Kupffer cells and glycogen accumulation by the parenchymal cells. Decreased hepatic content of total protein and lipid, as well as cytochrome P450, was also observed. Similarly, serum values of triglyceride were decreased in animals fed by the total parenteral diet. This study indicated that the guinea pig fed by hyperalimentation may be a useful animal model for a number of clinical and basic research applications.

  12. Analysis of agonist dissociation constants as assessed by functional antagonism in guinea pig left atria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Molenaar, P.; Malta, E.

    1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In electrically driven guinea pig left atria, positive inotropic responses to (-)-isoprenaline and the selective beta 1-adrenoceptor agonist RO363 were obtained in the absence and in the presence of the functional antagonists adenosine, carbachol, gallopamil, nifedipine, and Ro 03-7894. Each of the functional antagonists reduced the maximum response to both agonists and produced nonparallel rightward shifts in the cumulative concentration effect curves. For both agonists, dissociation constants (KA) were calculated using the equation described by Furchgott (1966) for irreversible antagonism. For RO363, which is a partial agonist with high agonist activity, the equations outlined for functional interaction by Mackay (1981) were also employed to calculate KA values. The KA values obtained by each method were compared with the dissociation constants (KD) for the two agonists determined from their ability to displace the radioligand (-)-(/sup 125/I)iodocyanopindolol from beta 1-adrenoceptors in guinea pig left atrial membrane preparations. The estimates of KA varied substantially from KD values. The KD values were taken as more accurate estimates of the true values for the dissociation constants because a high degree of correlation exists between pKD and pD2 values for a number of other beta-adrenoceptor agonists that behave as partial agonists and between pKD and pKB values for a number of beta-adrenoceptor antagonists. Thus, it appears that there are serious limitations in the current theory for using functional antagonism as a means of obtaining agonist dissociation constants.

  13. Financial sustainability in municipal solid waste management – Costs and revenues in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lohri, Christian Riuji, E-mail: christian.lohri@eawag.ch; Camenzind, Ephraim Joseph, E-mail: ephraimcamenzind@hotmail.com; Zurbrügg, Christian, E-mail: christian.zurbruegg@eawag.ch

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: • Cost-revenue analysis over 2 years revealed insufficient cost-recovery. • Expenses for motorized secondary collection increased by 82% over two years. • Low fee collection rate and reliance on only one revenue stream are problematic. • Different options for cost reduction and enhanced revenue streams are recommended. • Good public–private alliance is crucial to plan and implement improvement measures. - Abstract: Providing good solid waste management (SWM) services while also ensuring financial sustainability of the system continues to be a major challenge in cities of developing countries. Bahir Dar in northwestern Ethiopia outsourced municipal waste services to a private waste company in 2008. While this institutional change has led to substantial improvement in the cleanliness of the city, its financial sustainability remains unclear. Is the private company able to generate sufficient revenues from their activities to offset the costs and generate some profit? This paper presents a cost-revenue analysis, based on data from July 2009 to June 2011. The analysis reveals that overall costs in Bahir Dar’s SWM system increased significantly during this period, mainly due to rising costs related to waste transportation. On the other hand, there is only one major revenue stream in place: the waste collection fee from households, commercial enterprises and institutions. As the efficiency of fee collection from households is only around 50%, the total amount of revenues are not sufficient to cover the running costs. This results in a substantial yearly deficit. The results of the research therefore show that a more detailed cost structure and cost-revenue analysis of this waste management service is important with appropriate measures, either by the privates sector itself or with the support of the local authorities, in order to enhance cost efficiency and balance the cost-revenues towards cost recovery. Delays in mitigating the evident financial deficit could else endanger the public-private partnership (PPP) and lead to failure of this setup in the medium to long term, thus also endangering the now existing improved and currently reliable service. We present four options on how financial sustainability of the SWM system in Bahir Dar might be enhanced: (i) improved fee collection efficiency by linking the fees of solid waste collection to water supply; (ii) increasing the value chain by sales of organic waste recycling products; (iii) diversifying revenue streams and financing mechanisms (polluter-pays-, cross-subsidy- and business-principles); and (iv) cost reduction and improved cost-effectiveness. We argue that in a PPP setup such as in Bahir Dar, a strong alliance between the municipality and private enterprise is important so that appropriate solutions for improved financial sustainability of a SWM system can be sought and implemented.

  14. The effect of polyunsaturated fatty acid peroxidation on cholesterol concentrations in plasma, aorta, liver, and spleen of the guinea pig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corrigan, Sheila Marie

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biochemistry and Metabolism with Clinical Applications (Linder, M. , ed. ), pp. 33-50, Elsevier Science Publishing Company, Inc. , New York. 20. Stocks, J. & Dormandy, T. (1971) The autoxidation of human red cells lipids induced by 36 hydrogen peroxide...THE EFFECT OF POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACID PEROXIDATION ON CHOLESTEROL CONCENTRAT IONS IN PLASMA AORTA g LIVER g AND SPLEEN OF THE GUINEA PIG A Thesis by SHEILA MARIE CORRIGAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University...

  15. Effects of protein deficiency on superoxide dismutase and immunological competence in peritoneal macrophages of the guinea pig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burch, Troie Ann Pruett

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECTS OF PROTEIN DEFICIENCY ON SUPEROXZDE DIcMUTASE AND LMMUNOLOGZCAL COMPETENCE IN PERITONEAL MACROPHAOES OF THE GUINEA PZG A Thesis By TROZE ANN PRUETT BURCH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in Partial... By TROIE ANN PRUETT BURCH Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of t e Committee) (Head of the Department) (Mam (Member) (Member ) August 1979 ABSTRACT Effects of Protein Deficiency on Superoxide Dismutase and Tmmunologica' Competence...

  16. The role of CCL5 (RANTES) in the immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the guinea pig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skwor, Troy Arthur

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    ) ________________________________ Vernon L. Tesh (Member) December 2004 Major Subject: Medical Sciences iii ABSTRACT The Role of CCL5 (RANTES) in the Immune Response Against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the Guinea Pig. (December 2004) Troy Arthur Skwor, B.... and cytokine/chemokine gene expression was evaluated using real-time PCR. RgpCCL5 stimulated TNF? , IL-1? , CCL2, and CXCL8 mRNA expression and TNF? protein production (as assessed in the L929 cell bioassay) in macrophages. The effect of BCG...

  17. acting in the South with the South

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    At the mid-point of the contract of objectives 11 A proven quality and sustainable development policy IRD C O AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT POLICY 2013 IRD IRD IRD #12;6 IRD - ANNUAL REPORT 2013 ECUADOR MARTINIQUE FRENCH Argentina Gabon Uganda Ethiopia Lebanon Nepal Cambodia East Timor Vanuatu India Seychelles Comoro Islands

  18. The role of the anaesthetised guinea-pig in the preclinical cardiac safety evaluation of drug candidate compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marks, Louise, E-mail: louise.marks@astrazeneca.com [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Borland, Samantha; Philp, Karen; Ewart, Lorna; Lainée, Pierre; Skinner, Matthew [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Kirk, Sarah [Innovative Medicines, Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Innovative Medicines, Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Valentin, Jean-Pierre [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite rigorous preclinical and clinical safety evaluation, adverse cardiac effects remain a leading cause of drug attrition and post-approval drug withdrawal. A number of cardiovascular screens exist within preclinical development. These screens do not, however, provide a thorough cardiac liability profile and, in many cases, are not preventing the progression of high risk compounds. We evaluated the suitability of the anaesthetised guinea-pig for the assessment of drug-induced changes in cardiovascular parameters. Sodium pentobarbitone anaesthetised male guinea-pigs received three 15 minute intravenous infusions of ascending doses of amoxicillin, atenolol, clonidine, dobutamine, dofetilide, flecainide, isoprenaline, levosimendan, milrinone, moxifloxacin, nifedipine, paracetamol, verapamil or vehicle, followed by a 30 minute washout. Dose levels were targeted to cover clinical exposure and above, with plasma samples obtained to evaluate effect/exposure relationships. Arterial blood pressure, heart rate, contractility function (left ventricular dP/dt{sub max} and QA interval) and lead II electrocardiogram were recorded throughout. In general, the expected reference compound induced effects on haemodynamic, contractility and electrocardiographic parameters were detected confirming that all three endpoints can be measured accurately and simultaneously in one small animal. Plasma exposures obtained were within, or close to the expected clinical range of therapeutic plasma levels. Concentration–effect curves were produced which allowed a more complete understanding of the margins for effects at different plasma exposures. This single in vivo screen provides a significant amount of information pertaining to the cardiovascular risk of drug candidates, ultimately strengthening strategies addressing cardiovascular-mediated compound attrition and drug withdrawal. -- Highlights: ? Evaluation of the anaesthetised guinea-pig to determine cardiac liability. ? Haemodynamic, contractility, ECG parameters and plasma exposure all measurable. ? Single small animal model offering extensive evaluation of a drug's CV risk. ? Potential to strengthen drug discovery cardiovascular strategy. ? Potential to halt progression of drugs with CV liability, reducing drug attrition.

  19. Mast cells in citric acid-induced cough of guinea pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lai, Y.-L. [Department of Physiology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei 100, Taiwan (China)]. E-mail: tiger@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw; Lin, T.-Y. [Department of Physiology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei 100, Taiwan (China)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It was demonstrated previously that mast cells play an important role in citric acid (CA)-induced airway constriction. To investigate the role of mast cells in CA-induced cough, three experiments were carried out in this study. In the first experiment, 59 guinea pigs were employed and we used compound 48/80 to deplete mast cells, cromolyn sodium to stabilize mast cells, MK-886 to inhibit leukotriene synthesis, pyrilamine to antagonize histamine H{sub 1} receptor, methysergide to antagonize serotonin receptor, and indomethacin to inhibit cyclooxygenase. In the second experiment, 56 compound 48/80-pretreated animals were divided into two parts; the first one was used to test the role of exogenous leukotriene (LT) C{sub 4}, while the second one to test the role of exogenous histamine in CA-induced cough. Each animal with one of the above pretreatments was exposed sequentially to saline (baseline) and CA (0.6 M) aerosol, each for 3 min. Then, cough was recorded for 12 min using a barometric body plethysmograph. In the third experiment, the activation of mast cells upon CA inhalation was investigated by determining arterial plasma histamine concentration in 17 animals. Exposure to CA induced a marked increase in cough number. Compound 48/80, cromolyn sodium, MK-886 and pyrilamine, but not indomethacin or methysergide, significantly attenuated CA-induced cough. Injection of LTC{sub 4} or histamine caused a significant increase in CA-induced cough in compound 48/80-pretreated animals. In addition, CA inhalation caused significant increase in plasma histamine concentration, which was blocked by compound 48/80 pretreatment. These results suggest that mast cells play an important role in CA aerosol inhalation-induced cough via perhaps mediators LTs and histamine.

  20. Ascorbic acid suppresses endotoxemia and NF-?B signaling cascade in alcoholic liver fibrosis in guinea pigs: A mechanistic approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abhilash, P.A.; Harikrishnan, R.; Indira, M., E-mail: indiramadambath@gmail.com

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Alcohol consumption increases the small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and intestinal permeability of endotoxin. The endotoxin mediated inflammatory signaling plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. We evaluated the effect of ascorbic acid (AA), silymarin and alcohol abstention on the alcohol induced endotoxemia and NF-?B activation cascade pathway in guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus). Guinea pigs were administered ethanol at a daily dose of 4 g/kg b.wt for 90 days. After 90 days, ethanol administration was stopped. The ethanol treated animals were divided into abstention, silymarin (250 mg/kg b.wt) and AA (250 mg/kg b.wt) supplemented groups and maintained for 30 days. The SIBO, intestinal permeability and endotoxin were significantly increased in the ethanol group. The mRNA expressions of intestinal proteins claudin, occludin and zona occludens-1 were significantly decreased in ethanol group. The mRNA levels of inflammatory receptors, activity of IKK? and the protein expressions of phospho-I?B?, NF-?B, TNF-?, TGF-?{sub 1} and IL-6 were also altered in ethanol group. The expressions of fibrosis markers ?-SMA, ?{sub 1} (I) collagen and sirius red staining in the liver revealed the induction of fibrosis. But the supplementation of AA could induce greater reduction of ethanol induced SIBO, intestinal barrier defects, NF-?B activation and liver fibrosis than silymarin. The possible mechanism may be the inhibitory effect of AA on SIBO, intestinal barrier defect and IKK?, which decreased the activation of NF-?B and synthesis of cytokines. This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis. - Highlights: • Alcohol increases intestinal bacterial overgrowth and permeability of endotoxin. • Endotoxin mediated inflammation plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. • Ascorbic acid reduces endotoxemia, NF-?B activation and proinflammatory cytokines. • AA's action is by inhibition of SIBO, IKK? and alteration of intestinal permeability. • This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis.

  1. 5 6 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement < Health/Benin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and nutrition; agriculture and aquaculture; impact of climate change and adaptation of societies; energy, Congo, DR Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Chad. 5 8 for proposals now in course of preparation concern agroforestry, energy in the South, protected areas

  2. Gabon-World Bank Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489InformationFrenchtown, NewG2 EnergyGISGSA JumpGTPGabbs,|

  3. Forum des Jeuns du Gabon | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGermanFife Energy ParkForked Deer

  4. Protest in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas, Gildas

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rapidly, and the days of feudalism were numbered. Menelikover eight centuries of feudalism have piled up their thick

  5. Mutations Abrogating VP35 Interaction with Double-Stranded RNA Render Ebola Virus Avirulent in Guinea Pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prins, Kathleen C.; Delpeut, Sebastien; Leung, Daisy W.; Reynard, Olivier; Volchkova, Valentina A.; Reid, St. Patrick; Ramanan, Parameshwaran; Cárdenas, Washington B.; Amarasinghe, Gaya K.; Volchkov, Viktor E.; Basler, Christopher F. (CNRS-INSERM); (Mount Sinai Hospital); (LB-Ecuador); (Iowa State)

    2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Ebola virus (EBOV) protein VP35 is a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) binding inhibitor of host interferon (IFN)-{alpha}/{beta} responses that also functions as a viral polymerase cofactor. Recent structural studies identified key features, including a central basic patch, required for VP35 dsRNA binding activity. To address the functional significance of these VP35 structural features for EBOV replication and pathogenesis, two point mutations, K319A/R322A, that abrogate VP35 dsRNA binding activity and severely impair its suppression of IFN-{alpha}/{beta} production were identified. Solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography reveal minimal structural perturbations in the K319A/R322A VP35 double mutant and suggest that loss of basic charge leads to altered function. Recombinant EBOVs encoding the mutant VP35 exhibit, relative to wild-type VP35 viruses, minimal growth attenuation in IFN-defective Vero cells but severe impairment in IFN-competent cells. In guinea pigs, the VP35 mutant virus revealed a complete loss of virulence. Strikingly, the VP35 mutant virus effectively immunized animals against subsequent wild-type EBOV challenge. These in vivo studies, using recombinant EBOV viruses, combined with the accompanying biochemical and structural analyses directly correlate VP35 dsRNA binding and IFN inhibition functions with viral pathogenesis. Moreover, these studies provide a framework for the development of antivirals targeting this critical EBOV virulence factor.

  6. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  7. Concentrations of trace and other elements in the organs of wild rats and birds from the Northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapu, M.M.; Schaeffer, D.J. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana (United States)); Akanya, H.O. (Federal Univ. of Technology, Minna (Nigeria)); Ega, R.A.; Olofu, E.O.; Balarabe, M.L. (Ahmadu Bello Univ., Zaria (Nigeria)); Chafe, U.M. (Usmanu Danfodiyo Univ., Sokota (Nigeria))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In regions of human activities, where metal enter local aquatic ecosystems from the atmosphere and through wastewater outfalls, metal concentrations in food chains can exceed natural background levels and be above the threshold levels for sensitive species. Accordingly, metal levels in the organs and tissues of livestock and wildlife have been extensively studied. However, there are no reports of metal concentrations in the organs and tissues of wild animals from the Northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria. The mole rat (Africanthus niloticus, L) and village weaver bird (Ploceus cucullatus, L) contribute significantly to farm crop losses from sowing to harvest. Because there are no industries capable of causing metal contamination in the study area, the present study was undertaken to determine the natural baseline levels of metals for wild rats and birds from this environment.

  8. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  9. Ropizine concurrently enhances and inhibits ( sup 3 H) dextromethorpan binding to different structures of the guinea pig brain: Autoradiographic evidence for multiple binding sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Canoll, P.D.; Smith, P.R.; and Musacchio, J.M. (N.Y.U. Medical Center, New York (USA))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ropizine produces a simultaneous enhancement and inhibition of ({sup 3}H) dextromethorphan (DM) high-affinity binding to different areas of the guinea pig brain. These results imply that there are two distinct types of high-affinity ({sup 3}H)DM binding sites, which are present in variable proportions in different brain structures. The ropizine-enhances ({sup 3}H)DM binding type was preferentially inhibited by (+)-pentazocine. This is consistent with the presumption that the (+)-pentazocine-sensitive site is identical with the common site for DM and 3-(-3-Hydroxphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine ((+)-3-PPP). The second binding type, which is inhibited by ropizine and is not so sensitive to (+){minus} pentazocine, has not been fully characterized. This study demonstrates that the biphasic effects to ropizine are due, at least in part, to the effects of ropizine on two different types of ({sup 3}H)DM binding sites. However, this study does not rule out that the common DM/(+)-3-PPP site also might be inhibited by higher concentrations of ropizine.

  10. Ethnicity and Power in Ethiopia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaughan, Sarah

    This thesis explores why ethnicity was introduced as the basis for the reconstitution of the Ethiopian state in 1991, examining the politicisation of ethnic identity before and after the federation of the country’s ...

  11. Autoradiographic localization of sigma receptor binding sites in guinea pig and rat central nervous system with (+)3H-3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gundlach, A.L.; Largent, B.L.; Snyder, S.H.

    1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (+)3H-3-PPP ((+)3H-3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)-piperidine) binds with high affinity to brain membranes with a pharmacological profile consistent with that of sigma receptors. The distribution of (+)3H-3-PPP binding sites in brain and spinal cord of both guinea pig and rat has been determined by in vitro autoradiography with binding densities quantitated by computer-assisted densitometry. (+)3H-3-PPP binding to slide-mounted brain sections is saturable and displays high affinity and a pharmacological specificity very similar to sites labeled in homogenates. (+)3H-3-PPP binding sites are heterogeneously distributed. Highest concentrations of binding sites occur in spinal cord, particularly the ventral horn and dorsal root ganglia; the pons-medulla, associated with the cranial nerve and pontine nuclei and throughout the brain stem reticular formation; the cerebellum, over the Purkinje cell layer; the midbrain, particularly the central gray and red nucleus; and hippocampus, over the pyramidal cell layer. Lowest levels are seen in the basal ganglia and parts of the thalamus, while all other areas, including hypothalamus and cerebral cortex, exhibit moderate grain densities. Quinolinic acid-induced lesions of the hippocampus indicate that (+)3H-3-PPP labels hippocampal pyramidal cells and granule cells in the dentate gyrus. Intrastriatal injection of ibotenic acid dramatically reduces (+)3H-3-PPP binding in this area, while injection of 6-hydroxydopamine produces a relatively slight decrease. The distribution of (+)3H-3-PPP binding sites does not correlate with the receptor distribution of any recognized neurotransmitter or neuropeptide, including dopamine. However, there is a notable similarity between the distribution of (+)3H-3-PPP sites and high-affinity binding sites for psychotomimetic opioids, such as the benzomorphan (+)SKF 10,047.

  12. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries. Volume I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Bourkina (Upper Volta), Brazil, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields, Appendix II, Phytomass Files, and References.

  13. Daylight in Guinea-Bissau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Hiram

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MYLIGfi Iii GJU£A-BISSAU by HIRAM HALL daylightdaylight of dawning dextrose of my goad the rapidsdreams of~ soul. daylight daylight of my dawning may i wrap

  14. EU, CHINA AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE IN AFRICA A case study from timber industry in Gabon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 EU, CHINA AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE IN AFRICA A case study from timber industry: .....................................................................................................................................................2 Part I: The EU, China and the external environmental dimension....................................................................3 1.1 China as a competitor normative power in the environmental sector

  15. Gabon-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489InformationFrenchtown, NewG2 EnergyGISGSA JumpGTPGabbs,| Open

  16. Gabon-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient Strategies in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGermanFifeGEXA Corp. (New Jersey) JumpGREETGWE Biogas

  17. Absolute geopotential height system for Ethiopia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bedada, Tullu Besha

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study used airborne gravity data, the 2008 Earth Gravity Model (EGM08) and Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM) digital elevation data in a ‘Remove-Compute-Restore’ process to determine absolute vertical reference ...

  18. Ethiopia Energy Access Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazelPennsylvania: Energy Resources JumpVermont:ExtractionEthicOhm Jump

  19. Ethiopia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazelPennsylvania: Energy Resources(RECP) in Developing and

  20. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. (BHP Petroleum, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia))

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  1. Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJumpEnergy InformationGrupo

  2. Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJumpEnergy InformationGrupo(Redirected from ECOWAS

  3. Equatorial Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision|LLC

  4. Annual report 2005 Baobabs, Madagascar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Gabon. Two campaigns, Amadeus and Esmeraldas, explored major earthquake zone off the coasts of Peru

  5. Other assignments Distribution of budgeted staff at 31/12/05

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in bats in Gabon. Two campaigns, Amadeus and Esmeraldas, explored major earthquake zone off the coasts

  6. area central ethiopia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Central Norte (ACN) region is a designated portion of the TordiHo Field in which a pilot waterflood was initiated in September... Tuvio, Raul 2012-06-07 19 An analysis of the...

  7. amhara region ethiopia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    regional system are being challenged by the concentration of political and military power at the top as well as by transnational networks built around economic ties and...

  8. afar region ethiopia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    regional system are being challenged by the concentration of political and military power at the top as well as by transnational networks built around economic ties and...

  9. abay basin ethiopia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to better understand these areas and determine if they are indeed high potential exploration targets. On the more local scale, Desert Peak-Bradys geothermal area has been...

  10. Ethiopia-National Greenhouse Gas Emissions Baseline Scenarios...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    UNEP Risoe Centre on Energy Environment and Sustainable Development URC Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS,...

  11. addis ababa ethiopia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    response Materials Science Websites Summary: were produced by a technique combining self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) of elementalC result in the formation of...

  12. A termite from the Late Oligocene of northern Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Michael S.; Pan, Aaron D.; Jacobs, Bonnie F.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electronica 8 (1): 1–19 [25A]. Kappelman, J., Rasmussen, D.T., Sanders, W.J., Feseha, M., Bown, T.M., Copeland, P., Crabaugh, J., Fleagle, J.G., Glantz, M., Gordon, A., Jacobs, B.F., Maga, M., Muldoon, K., Pan, A., Pyne, L., Richmond, B., Ryan, T.J., Seiffert...

  13. area northeast ethiopia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    located in the western Wabigoon Subprovince of the Archaean Superior Province. It is part 190 Century summertime climate of the Northeast U.S. Anthropogenic-induced changes in...

  14. Ethiopia-African Climate Change Resilience Alliance | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJump

  15. Ethiopia-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector Energy Focus Area

  16. Ethiopia-National Greenhouse Gas Emissions Baseline Scenarios: Learning

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector Energy Focus Areafrom

  17. Ethiopia-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector Energy FocusEnergy

  18. Ethiopia-Strategic Climate Institutions Programme (SCIP) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector Energy

  19. Ethiopia-Climate Change National Adaptation Programme of Action | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazelPennsylvania: Energy Resources JumpVermont:ExtractionEthicOhm JumpEnergy

  20. Ethiopia-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazelPennsylvania: Energy Resources JumpVermont:ExtractionEthicOhm

  1. Ethiopia-Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazelPennsylvania: Energy Resources

  2. Ethiopia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazelPennsylvania: Energy Resources(RECP) in Developing and Transition

  3. Ethiopia-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazelPennsylvania: Energy Resources(RECP) in Developing and TransitionEnergy

  4. Microsoft Word - Ethiopia_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio:Menomonee| OpenMickey HotVII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June -

  5. Berkeley Lab's Ashok Gadgil Takes Fuel Efficient Cookstoves to Ethiopia |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced Materials Find More Like3.3BenefitsSearchTransportationDepartment

  6. GGGI-Ethiopia-Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°, -86.0529604°Wisconsin:FyreStorm IncLSE COMP POST

  7. UNEP-Ethiopia-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtle Airships JumpType B:7-15:WebJump(FIRM) | Open Energy

  8. Ethiopia-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision|LLCInsulation IncentivesEshoneEstonia:Management

  9. Ethiopia-Strategic Climate Institutions Programme (SCIP) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision|LLCInsulationInformation Institutions Programme

  10. 4 8 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement Shared equipment available to partners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    resources Information systems Financial resources Resources for research 49 . Major resources are devoted to environmental monitoring; examples are the SEAS satellite receiving mainly by the government of Gabon and oil company Total Gabon. It has a laboratory for diagnostic testing

  11. U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  12. Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJumpEnergy InformationGrupo

  13. U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayNov-14 Dec-14 Jan-155-2015

  14. Papua New Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump2011) |PanasonicPapaloteEnergyPapua

  15. Papua New Guinea Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, NewPalisades Park,Panthersville, Georgia:Paper

  16. Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open Energy InformationGettopGuilford, Maine: Energy

  17. Guinea-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open Energy InformationGettopGuilford, Maine: EnergyForestry,

  18. An environmental mapping methodology adapted to the needs of petroleum operators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veyradier, L.; Coquelet, D.; Dutrieux, E.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental mapping programs were carried out in three countries of intensive petroleum activity, located in the Gulf of Guinea: Gabon, Nigeria and Congo. The aim was to produce maps of environmental sensitive variables (thematic maps), which are used by the petroleum operating companies for improving the management of the environment. The maps are particularly useful for oil spill response organization or environmental assistance in the development of infrastructures. Whilst carrying out these applications, a mapping methodology adapted to the petroleum industry was developed and tested. In the first section, this methodology is described and illustrated by the above mentioned applications. The specific locations are selected according to their ecological, socioeconomic or petroleum special interest. Remote sensing data are used as an initial source of information. Two types of thematic maps are produced the first one dedicated to the ecological components, and the second one to the infrastructures and the environmental sensitivity, assessed from the ecological and socio-economical components. These maps can be integrated into atlases with accompanying text, and in order to make them more operational, all the mapping data collected are integrated into a Geographical Information System (GIS). In the second section, we present the innovative aspects of these R&D works, which concern mainly the adaptation of remote sensing for the environmental expertise and the use of GIS for full data integration and easy updating.

  19. Millions on the Margins: Music, Ethnicity, and Censorship Among the Oromo of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mollenhauer, Shawn Michael

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I had told him that many people in Oromia were hesitant toit anyway. He writes that many people, even pan-Africanistsof frustration that so many people were trying to occupy the

  20. Notes and Proposed Guidelines on Updated Seismic Codes in Ethiopia -Implications for Large-Scale Infrastructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    such as dams, power-plants, highway roads, water reservoirs, and expansion of railways either coming online-scale engineering infrastructure works such as mass-housing, water-supply reservoirs, power-plants, dams, new cities,2,3]. In addition to a multitude of other threats that this population growth could bring, the issue of housing

  1. Stratigraphic context of fossil hominids from the Omo group deposits: northern Turkana Basin, Kenya and Ethiopia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feibel, C.S.; Brown, F.H.; McDougall, I.

    1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The chronometric framework developed for Plio-Pleistocene deposits of the northern Turkana Basin is reviewed in light of recent advances in lithostratigraphy, geochemical correlation, paleomagnetic stratigraphy, and isotopic dating. The sequence is tightly controlled by 20 precise ages on volcanic materials. These ages are internally consistent but are at variance with estimates for the boundaries of the magnetic polarity time scale by about 0.07 my. This discrepancy can be only partially resolved at present. Based on the established chronometric framework and stratigraphic sequences, depositional ages can be estimated for significant marker beds. These ages can in turn be used to constrain the 449 hominid specimens thus far reported from the basin. Ages for most hominid specimens can be estimated with a precision of +/- 0.05 my. In addition, the chronometric framework will be applicable to other paleontological collections, archeological excavations, and future discoveries in the basin.

  2. Mammoth dams, lean neighbours: assessing the bid to turn Ethiopia into East Africa's powerhouse 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuesta-Fernández, Iván

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This chapter sets out to discuss the main features of the undergoing Ethiopian electrification programme as well as the key steps towards its implementation. Doing so also allows its potentialities and pitfalls to be ...

  3. Monitoring effective use of household water treatment and safe storage technologies in Ethiopia and Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Matthew M

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Household water treatment and storage (HWTS) technologies dissemination is beginning to scale-up to reach the almost 900 million people without access to an improved water supply (WHO/UNICEF/JMP, 2008). Without well-informed ...

  4. Water insecurity in 3 dimensions: An anthropological perspective on water and women's psychosocial distress in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rheingans, Richard

    Water insecurity in 3 dimensions: An anthropological perspective on water and women's psychosocial, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30022, USA b Center for Global Safe Water f o Article history: Available online 20 April 2012 Keywords: Water insecurity Gender Psychosocial

  5. What Drives Land Cover Change in Eastern Escarpment of Wello, Ethiopia?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    to these changes. Agricultural activity and land cover change due to human ac- tions in North Wello have been) The demand for large· agricultural produce (status symbol) Absence of new· technology for intensification deforestation, hillside area closure, expansion of foot slope ravine/wasteland, soil conservation terraces

  6. Biodiversity And Livelihoods In Southwestern Ethiopia: Forest Loss And Prospects For Conservation In Shade Coffee Agroecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eshete, Getachew Tadesse

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and the valuation of ecosystem services. Ecologicalvaluation of ecosystem services ..valuation of ecosystem services ..

  7. Investing in human and natural capital: An alternative paradigm for sustainable development in Awassa, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    strategy. Local stakeholders identified firewood shortages, degradation of croplands, rising lake levels necessary for major capital investments of any kind. The atelier therefore helped local participants developed countries on the planet. Human life is impossible without adequate food, water and energy, yet

  8. Malaria prevalence and mosquito net coverage in Oromia and SNNPR regions of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shargie, Estifanos B; Gebre, Teshome; Ngondi, Jeremiah; Graves, Patricia M; Mosher, Aryc W; Emerson, Paul M; Ejigsemahu, Yeshewamebrat; Endeshaw, Tekola; Olana, Dereje; WeldeMeskel, Asrat; Teferra, Admas; Tadesse, Zerihun; Tilahun, Abate; Yohannes, Gedeon; Richards, Frank O Jr

    2008-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    the original work is properly cited.Page 1 of 12 (page number not for citation purposes) SNNPR, 5.4% (95% CI 3.4–8.5), p < 0.001. This difference between the two regions was also reflected in the routine surveillance data. BMC Public Health 2008, 8:321 http... having no positive cases. The malaria parasite prevalence differed markedly between Oromia, 0.9% (95% CI 0.5–1.6) and SNNPR, 5.4% (95% CI 3.4–8.5) regions (p < 0.001). The preva- lence was highest in the Eastern and North-eastern zones of SNNPR (Fig 1...

  9. Biodiversity And Livelihoods In Southwestern Ethiopia: Forest Loss And Prospects For Conservation In Shade Coffee Agroecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eshete, Getachew Tadesse

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wild food (Fruits, Vegetables, Mushroom, Dioscorea), 0.20% Energy (wild food (fruits, vegetables, meat, mushroom), fiber, honey, spices, medicinal, fodder, construction (lianas, tools, material culture), energy (

  10. Millions on the Margins: Music, Ethnicity, and Censorship Among the Oromo of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mollenhauer, Shawn Michael

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oromo music clubs were illegal. While I did not actuallyalmost fifty years of being illegal under Selassie and theis a tradition that was made illegal by Haile Selassie and

  11. Level and intensity of objectively assessed physical activity among pregnant women from urban Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hjorth, Mads F; Kloster, Stine; Girma, Tsinuel; Faurholt-Jepsen, Daniel; Andersen, Gregers; Kæstel, Pernille; Brage, Søren; Friis, Henrik

    2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    -transformed beta-coefficients. The percentage difference in Activity e variables or by category is calculated as (10B – 1) x 100% (95%CI).main limitation of the study was the cross-sectional design. Inference on changes during pregnancy as suggested... and total daily expenditure by the heart rate and factorial methods. Am J Clin Nutr 1996, 63:870–878. 4. Lawrence M, Whitehead RG: Physical activity and total energy expenditure of child-bearing Gambian village women. Eur J Clin Nutr 1988, 42:145–160. 5. Rao...

  12. Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (like solar lighting devices and solar home systems, institutional cook stoves, solar water heaters, biomass briquetting technologies, sustainably-produced charcoal) has been...

  13. Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector Energy Focus

  14. Ethiopia-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision|LLCInsulation

  15. “Composing Identity: Transformative Collisions in Music and Culture”

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Janice

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Beta Israel in Ethiopia, the anti-Semitism experi- enced2015 UFAHAMU label them in Ethiopia was substituted with “that had never occurred in Ethiopia. Herman tackles the

  16. Home to Hargeisa: Migritude, Pan-Africanism, and the Politics of Movement from Banjo to Black Mamba Boy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foster, Christopher Ian

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a speech in 1880 titled “Ethiopia Stretching out Her HandsAfrica and its invasion of Ethiopia in 1935. Jama’s motheris now Djibouti, while Ethiopia (Abyssinia) conquered the

  17. Geothermal Technologies Office: Download GETEM, August 2012 Beta

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Faeroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Great Britain Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala...

  18. Malawi-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

  19. Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

  20. Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Republic of Macedonia, Malawi, Mexico, Moldova, Philippines, South Africa, Serbia,...

  1. Ukraine-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

  2. Fate of Radionuclides in Wastewater Treatment Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shabani Samgh Abadi, Farzaneh

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    can be mined in Niger, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Gabon, 4)can be found in China, Kazakhstan, Russian Federation andCanada, Australia and Kazakhstan. During the period between

  3. Guatemala-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet EC-LEDSfactsheet.pdf References "EC-LEDS" Retrieved...

  4. Georgia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet EC-LEDSfactsheet.pdf References "EC-LEDS" Retrieved from...

  5. Vietnam-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet EC-LEDSfactsheet.pdf References "EC-LEDS" Retrieved from...

  6. Pathogenicity of a soil-derived Aspergillus fumigatus isolate for normal and immunosuppressed guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenyon, Elaina Marie

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) recent or concurrent broad spectrum antibiotic therapy, and (5) acute leukemic relapse or organ transplant acute rejection (2). IPA has been most frequently reported secondary to hematologi c malignancies, parti cul arly acute lymphocytic leukemia... and acute myelogenous leukemi a (21). In one study of the records of 65 consecutive patients who died of leukemia, 15 percent were found to have had IPA (25). IPA has also been reported frequently in organ transplant patients undergoing intensi- fied...

  7. Characterization of guinea pig transfer factor collected by In vivo exposure to antilymphocyte gamma globulin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Robert Stanley

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abbreviations used in this thesis; DNCB, 2, 4-dinitrochloro- benzene; KLH, keyhole limpet hemocyanin; DNFBp 2p4-dinitroflouro- benzene; DS, double stranded; SS, single stranded; BCG, Bacille Calmette-Guerin; PPD, purified protein derivative; ALS, anti..., 8, 10, 36-39), diphtheria toxoid (11), coccidioidin (13, 40-42), histoplasmin (13, 41, 42), keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) (38), Candida antigens (14), bacterial spores (40, 41. , , modified serum components (44), mumps virus, leprosy bacillus...

  8. T cell response to oral immunization with cow's milk proteins in guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chitla, Suhasini Reddy

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is transported to the cell surface, where it is then accessible to the T cell. B cells, the precursors of antibody-secreting cells, can also present antigen to T cells, however macrophages probably play the predominant role as APC's in the initial or primary... of activation, In addition, macromolecules might gain access into the systemic circulation &om the gut lumen because of increased permeability of the mucosa after local anaphylaxis (52). There is no evidence that type II, or antibody-dependent, cytotoxicity...

  9. A Quest for Insularity: Thomas Forrest's _Voyage to New Guinea, and the Moluccas_

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorlertratna, Panida

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the fall of 1773, Samuel Johnson and James Boswell recordedto the Hebrides with Samuel Johnson, LL.D. (1785) reproduceLondon: Verso, 2007. Johnson, Samuel, and James Boswell. A

  10. Growth of New Guinea impatiens under no-leach drip irrigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pannkuk, Timothy Richard

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the same fertility rate. In post-production studies following both experiments, all plants continued to grow and flower. In a third experiment, plants were grown under a no leach irrigation regime and the 12-3-4 fertility rate with six different media (peat...

  11. The response of New Guinea impatiens to varying salinity levels in a subirrigation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, Nancy Morgan

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Subirrigation is an alternative irrigation method for greenhouse crops. Lack of leaching poses the problem of high salt buildup in the root zone. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of saline irrigation water on a greenhouse...

  12. Rabbit response to intravenously injected chicken and guinea pig gamma globulins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Thomas Milton

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to obtain antisera for each gamma globulin. The injection material consisted of individual alum precipitated fluids prepared by mixing a 3. 0/ solution of the respec- tive gamma globulins and a 1% alum solution (KA1(SO4)2 ' 12H20) in a 1:1 ratio... and flocculating with a 0. 1N NaOH solution. One intravenous injection per day of the alum precipitated protein was given every other day for a total of three injections (the first injection was 1 ml. , the second 1. 5 ml. and the third 2. 0 ml. ). The animals...

  13. Recognition and Strangeness in Marine Environmental Encounters on New Guinea's Far Western Coast /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ian Nicholas

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solomon Islands. Environmental Conservation 31:69-83.a dispute over environmental conservation projects betweenhorizons of environmental conservation projects between

  14. The growth of New Guinea impatiens with controlled-release fertilizer in a recirculating subirrigation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Daphne Ladean

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With concerns increasing over the supply and quality of water, pressure on greenhouse growers to use water and fertilizers more efficiently is also increasing. Controlled-release fertilizers (CRF) and recirculating subordination systems...

  15. Guinea Worm Advance Ghana has passed a milestone in its ef-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Mark

    microfluidic chip) allows for early detection of infectious diseases in resource-limited and remote regions

  16. Two new species of Bennaria Melichar, 1914 (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Cixiidae, Bennini) from Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Two new species of Bennaria Melichar, 1914 (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Cixiidae, Bennini) from Papua's thesis dissertation ("Community structure of Au- chenorrhyncha (Hemiptera: Insecta) along an altitudinal

  17. Recognition and Strangeness in Marine Environmental Encounters on New Guinea's Far Western Coast /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ian Nicholas

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    5; Boellstorff 2002:29; Graeber 2001:45). My examination ofen Volkenkunde 150:23-145. Graeber, David 2001 Toward an

  18. A Quest for Insularity: Thomas Forrest's _Voyage to New Guinea, and the Moluccas_

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorlertratna, Panida

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stevenson, Robert Louis. Treasure Island. Ed. Wendy R. Katz.Louis Stevenson’s Treasure Island (1883). Ironically, thebeen marooned on the Treasure Island for years, is found on

  19. Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million Cubic Feet) 3 0 0 0 156 57 61 76 673 12 12 9 19per

  20. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousand CubicCubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar AprThousand

  1. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site. IfProved(MillionPrice8.PDFThousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan

  2. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayNov-142,234 2,373 2,834DecadeFeet)

  3. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality",Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New EnglandReserves (BillionImportYear

  4. Papua New Guinea-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump2011) |PanasonicPapalote

  5. Papua New Guinea-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump2011) |PanasonicPapaloteEnergy

  6. Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, NewPalisades Park,Panthersville,

  7. Papua New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, NewPalisades Park,Panthersville,Information

  8. Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) JumpPalcan s

  9. Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar AprYearperThousandDollars per Thousand

  10. Asnake Kefale's Phd Thesis: Federalism and Ethnic Conflict in Ethiopia: A Comparative Study of the Somali and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van den Brink, Jeroen

    (Derg) came to power during the revolutionary upheavals of 1974 that removed the monarchy (see chapter 3 when the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) dominated Ethiopian Peoples' Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) came to power after its militarily victory over the Derg. Since EPRDF's rise to power

  11. Prospects for forest-based ecosystem services in forest-coffee mosaics as forest loss continues in southwestern Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zavaleta, Erika

    . The extent to which people substitute or complement those losses in coffee agroforests depends on the livelihood strategies and socio-cultural practices of local people, management intensity, and policy, 2009; Power, 2010). Human activities such as logging, deforestation and land-use changes

  12. Seedlings of a contested modernity: new 'Green Revolution' claims and their implications on the seed sovereignty in Ethiopia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beghini, Stella

    2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Boosting agricultural productivity through the enhancement of primary inputs such as seeds is considered a relevant measure by governments and international organisations in order to increase the smallholder farmers’ income and launch a ‘Green...

  13. Recurrent Shocks, Poverty Traps and the Degradation of the Social Capital Base of Pastoralism: A Case Study from Southern Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berhanu, Wassie

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2009 Recurrent Shocks, Poverty Traps and the Degradation of2009) Recurrent Shocks, Poverty Traps and the Degradation ofMay J, 2006. Exploring Poverty Traps and Social Exclusion in

  14. Stratigraphy and geochronology of the Tambien Group, Ethiopia: Evidence for globally synchronous carbon isotope change in the Neoproterozoic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    glaciation in Namibia: Sedimentology, v. 58, p. 57–119, doi:AND DISCUSSION Physical Sedimentology and Stratigraphy In

  15. High-resolution sedimentary record of the last deglaciation from a high-altitude lake in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    of Wales, Aberystwyth SY23 3DB, UK Abstract Sedimentological and geochemical studies conducted on a 15.82-m

  16. TABLE24.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    69 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Gabon ... 3,025 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany, FR ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 440 0 0 Guatemala...

  17. TABLE49.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    29 23 23 Gabon ... 117 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) 0 (s) 117 Germany, FR ... 0 (s) (s) 0 0 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Greece...

  18. TABLE29.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    (s) 17 14 14 Gabon ... 277 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 277 Germany, FR ... 0 0 0 0 (s) 14 (s) (s) (s) 13 13 Greece...

  19. TABLE21.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    296 250 0 0 0 0 0 Gabon ... 8,597 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany, FR ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 440 0 0 Guatemala...

  20. TABLE50.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    37 34 34 Gabon ... 137 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) (s) (s) 137 Germany, FR ... 0 (s) (s) 0 (s) (s) -3 (s) (s) -3 -3 Greece...

  1. The effects of protein deprivation on alveolar immunity in BCG-vaccinated and non-vaccinated guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimball, Milton Scott

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Il OOH'IHOI Ie ~ I 52 CHOW Ie I) . 11140 j$ . 110ee . 10041 ONOO 04040 2 4 WEEKS POST CNALLENCE Figure 15. Ef'feet of' Diet on Rate of' Phagocytosis 36 oaa LEOEHO EKI v~ R HHO-vaoo . aaaa '? . aaa ~ , Oooo 2 4 WEEKS POST CHALLENGE...

  2. A COMPUTATIONAL ALGORITHM FOR COMPUTING NONLINEAR AUDITORY FREQUENCY SELECTIVITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Jont

    published chinchilla and guinea-pig observations of basilar membrane and Reissner's membrane motion made Introduction Using observations in chinchilla and guinea pig preparations, we evaluate an algorithm

  3. Structuring strategic decisions through the analytic hierarchy process : a case study in the selection of warehouse location for WFP in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malaver, Gina

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Humanitarian logistic organizations struggle to make strategic and tactical decisions due to their lack of resources, the unpredictability of humanitarian events and the lack of readily available information; the existing ...

  4. Evaluation of light microscopy and rapid diagnostic test for the detection of malaria under operational field conditions: a household survey in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Endeshaw, Tekola; Gebre, Teshome; Ngondi, Jeremiah; Graves, Patricia M; Shargie, Estifanos B; Ejigsemahu, Yeshewamebrat; Ayele, Berhan; Yohannes, Gedeon; Teferi, Tesfaye; Messele, Ayenew; Zerihun, Mulat; Genet, Asrat; Mosher, Aryc W; Emerson, Paul M; Richards, Frank O Jr

    2008-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    .4 (3.4–8.5) 4.5 1.7 6.2 (3.6–10.2) Total 11,504 2.2 1.6 0.3 4.1 (3.4–5.0) 2.1 1.1 3.3 (2.6–4.1) Pf, Plasmodium falciparum; Pv, Plasmodium vivax Table 3: Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of blood slide...

  5. 11:05 --IN THE SHADOW OF WORLD WAR II Erika Jerwick, Ethiopia, Italy, and the Politics of Race: 1896-1941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    Women Soldiers in the American Civil War Benjamin Fox, U.S. Foreign Policy and the Iranian Revolution 9 of Federalist Imagery in 19th Century Argentina Lara Finkbeiner, The Hypocrisy of "Humanitarianism": Contradictions between Policy and Rhetoric on Slavery in Nineteenth-Century French Senegal 10:15--REFRESHMENTS 10

  6. Im Rahmen der Vorlesung Bank-und Kapitalmarktrecht veranstaltet der Lehrstuhl fr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    Papua New Guinea Saudi Arabia Singapore Spain Sweden United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States

  7. Subscribe to daily environment news

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    : Strong Quake Strikes Papua New Guinea, No Damage BELGIUM: Airlines, US Cool to EU Emissions Trading

  8. Effects of protein or zinc deficiency on cellular immunity in vaccinated and non-vaccinated guinea pigs with experimentally induced pulmonary listeriosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coghlan, Lezlee Helaine Graham

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    values Diet Interval A PCV(X) Interval 8 PCV(X) LZ-V LZ-NV LP-V LP-NV 29. 883. 4 26. 1-2. 0 23. 722. 6* 27. 7?2. 5 31. 1?2. 4 29. 5-3. 0 23. 3?1. 3*, ? 30. 4-2. 4 C-V C-NV 30. 8-2. 0 28. 9?2. 4 31. 6-1. 3 29. 3-2. 0 Asterisk indicates a.../gram liver tissue Diet Interval A Interval 8 LZ-V LZ-NV LP-V LP-NV C-V C-NV 2. 08t0. 5 2. 21-0. 4 1. 72-0. 4 2. 40+-0. 8 2. 11t0. 9 2. 74+-0. 4 2. 28t0. 5 2. 22t0. 5 1. 90+-0. 5 3. 04-0. 8 2. 40t0. 6 2. 40=0. 5 Mean tSEM of 5-7 observations...

  9. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ Lease Condensate ProvedGas, Wet AfterBruneiEquatorial

  10. Sustainable Land Management Through Market-Oriented Commodity...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Market-Oriented Commodity Development: Case studies from Ethiopia Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Sustainable Land Management Through Market-Oriented...

  11. Fixing famine : the politics of information in famine early warning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burg, Suzanne M. M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Preparedness Commission Early Warning System. (1998).Ethiopia Early Warning System May/June monthly report. AddisPreparedness Commission Early Warning System. (2004, March).

  12. Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal...

  13. Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal...

  14. Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal...

  15. Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal...

  16. 1663 Science and Technology Magazine | Los National Alamos Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the international Middle Awash research team, which searches for hominid fossils in Ethiopia. Download this issue (PDF) View and download past issues Back in the day picture Back...

  17. The Ethiopian Revolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayele, Negussay

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Molyneux, p. 250. Feudalism in Ethiopia was boththe peasants who chafed under feudalism in both parts of theEthiopian masses: feudalism, imperialism and bureaucratic

  18. afghanistan war coverage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates...

  19. afghanistan introducing population: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates...

  20. Brochure front(2-09)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Canada Chile China Colombia Congo, DR Cote d'lvoire Cuba Czech Republic Denmark Egypt Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Finland France Germany Ghana Greece Honduras India Indonesia...

  1. Slide23 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    States of Tunisia Djibouti Moldova, Republic of Turkmenistan Ecuador Mongolia Uganda Egypt Morocco Ukraine El Salvador Mozambique Uzbekistan Eritrea Myanmar Vanuatu Ethiopia...

  2. assess consumption relative: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    was conducted in Simada District, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia Walter, M.Todd 8 Assessing Public Attitudes to Health Related Findings Biology and Medicine Websites Summary:...

  3. Petroleum Supply Monthly

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 38 584 19 609 628 Gabon 4,295 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 1,164 0 234 234 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 0 38...

  4. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 275 275 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 40 641 0 346 346 Gabon 5,774 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 1,530 0 333 333 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 459 0...

  5. Petroleum Supply Monthly

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 0 275 275 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 40 641 0 346 346 Gabon 5,774 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 1,530 0 333 333 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 459 0...

  6. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 1 19 1 20 20 Gabon 139 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 38 0 8 8 Guatemala 0 0 -5 0 0 -1 -1 Honduras 0 0 -1 0 0 -3 -3 India 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  7. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 38 584 19 609 628 Gabon 4,295 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 1,164 0 234 234 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 0 38...

  8. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    275 275 Finland 0 0 49 0 0 275 275 France 0 0 262 5,167 0 0 0 Gabon 13,260 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 8,816 0 0 0 Guatemala 3,885 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 2,201 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 126...

  9. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 0 0 0 0 9 9 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 1 21 0 12 12 Gabon 192 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 51 0 11 11 Guatemala 0 0 -2 0 0 0 0 Honduras 0 0 -1 0 0 -3 -3 India 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  10. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 0 0 19 609 628 Gabon 2,337 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 395 0 234 234 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 0 38 160...

  11. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 0 258 0 346 346 Gabon 3,791 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 388 0 333 333 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 138 0 631...

  12. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 275 275 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 275 275 France 0 0 198 4,191 0 0 0 Gabon 8,907 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 6,260 0 0 0 Guatemala 3,885 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 932 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 126 484...

  13. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 0 3 0 2 2 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 France 0 0 1 15 2 14 16 Gabon 127 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 40 0 12 12 Guatemala 11 0 -2 0 0 -1 -1 Honduras 0 0 -1 0 0 -3 -3 India 0 0 0 8...

  14. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 0 0 3 0 2 2 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 France -1 0 1 16 2 13 15 Gabon 127 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 40 0 12 12 Guatemala 11 0 -2 0 0 -1 -1 Honduras 0 0 -1 0 0 -3 -3 India 0 0 0 8...

  15. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    275 275 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 275 275 France 0 0 262 4,775 0 0 0 Gabon 12,963 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 8,816 0 0 0 Guatemala 3,885 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 1,970 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 126...

  16. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 0 2 0 2 2 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 5 5 France 0 0 1 18 2 11 13 Gabon 133 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 38 0 11 11 Guatemala 14 0 -2 0 0 -1 -1 Honduras 0 0 -1 0 0 -3 -3 India 0 0 0 3...

  17. Jenn Baka, Frank Ling, and Daniel Kammen UC Berkeley Towards Energy Independence in 2025

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    2005 Annual Energy Outlook, Table 11, Energy Information Agency. 2 Ibid. 3 Davis, S., Diegel, S, Algeria and Gabon. Sources: Oil use and import projections from 2005 EIA Annual Energy Outlook, Table 11Jenn Baka, Frank Ling, and Daniel Kammen UC Berkeley 1 Towards Energy Independence in 2025 Prepared

  18. 1 Introduction Bats are the focus of many research projects because

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Robert J.

    survey of the bat fauna was con- ducted in the Rabi oilfield, within the Gamba Complex of Protected Areas netted at various localities throughout the Rabi oilfield, in the Gamba Complex, with sam- pling efforts, No. 12 I 423 The Bat Community of the Rabi Oilfield in the Gamba Complex of Protected Areas, Gabon

  19. Potential curbed by lack of funds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustavson

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The author reviews the oil market in Africa. Some of the highlights are: Nigeria restructures NNPC to make it competitive, offers new terms; Libya redraws its concession terms in hopes of attracting more operators; New onshore finds may keep Gabon from becoming a producer in decline; and South Arica has struck what may be commercial oil south of Mossel Bay.

  20. Biogeosciences, 9, 179191, 2012 www.biogeosciences.net/9/179/2012/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lefsky, Michael

    -179-2012 © Author(s) 2012. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Biogeosciences Mapping tropical forest biomass with radar and spaceborne LiDAR in Lop´e National Park, Gabon: overcoming problems of high biomass and persistent cloud E. T, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, UK 5Institut de Recherche en Ecologie Tropicale, CENAREST

  1. No. 16 ISSN 10278389 March 2012 The Southern African Large Telescope (Courtesy: S.B. Potter)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    @aol.com P.M. Okouma Gabon okouma@hotmail.com A.I. Ibrahim Egypt alaa@milkyway.gsfc.nasa.gov L. Kebede-East and Africa. In partic- ular, the completion of HESS (the High Energy Stereoscopic System, in Namibia-class observational capability from ultra-high energy gamma-rays, through optical/near-IR to radio wave- lengths

  2. 1988 saw major efforts to spur foreign interest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, G.D. (Gustavson Associates, Inc., Boulder, CO (USA))

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article discusses how Africa's large producers are offering incentives to attract exploration. Egypt is pushing new gas development, while Nigeria announced reduced taxes to lure foreign operators. Gabon has rejuvenated its production with discovery of a large new oil field. Libya is offering liberal concession terms, though the status of U.S. firms is uncertain.

  3. Two ancient human genomes reveal Polynesian ancestry among the indigenous Botocudos of Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malaspinas, A.-S.; Lao, O.; Schroeder, H.; Rasmussen, M.; Raghavan, M.; Moltke, I.; Campos, P. F.; Santana Sagredo, F.; Rasmussen, S.; Gonçalves, V. F.; Albrechtsen, A.; Allentoft, M. E.; Johnson, P. L. F.; Li, M.; Reis, S.; Bernardo, D. V.; DeGiorgio, M.; Duggan, A. T.; Bastos, M.; Wang, Y.; Stenderup, J.; Moreno-Mayar, J. V.; Brunak, S.; Sicheritz-Ponten, T.; Hodges, E.; Hannon, G. J.; Orlando, L.; Price, T. D.; Jensen, J. D.; Nielsen, R.; Heinemeier, J.; Olsen, J.; Rodrigues-Carvalho, C.; Lahr, M. Mirazón; Neves, W.; Kayser, M.; Higham, T.; Stoneking, M.; Pena, S. D. J.; Willerslev, E.

    2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    as follows: Africa: Bambaran, Dogon, YRI; Europe: CEU, Iraqi, Slovenian; EAsia: CHB, JPT, Thai, Mongolian; CSAsia: Kyrgyzstan, Nepalese, Pakistanis; Americas: Bolivian, Totonac; NewGuineaH: New Guinea Highlands. The reference panel includes around 820...

  4. The Effects of Tillage, Cropping and Fertilization on Extractable Soil Nutrients in Four Agro-Ecosystems in Ghana, West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Benjamin

    2014-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Two experiments were conducted in four agro-ecosystems of Ghana: the coastal savannah, forest, forest-guinea savannah transition and guinea savannah. Experiment one assessed the effect of three tillage and four cropping treatments while experiment...

  5. Explaining the causes and consequences of internationally monitored elections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyde, Susan Dayton

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CIS mission to Moldova and Kyrgyzstan because of the CIS’sFaso Equatorial Guinea Kyrgyzstan Burundi Estonia Laos

  6. South American Lowland moist Southern Cone societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    -FOODS Cotton, sisal/hemp, rubber Tobacco, coca Indigo · ANIMALS Llama, alpaca (transport) Guinea pig, turkey

  7. Cell Reports Waves on Reissner's Membrane: A Mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichenbach, Tobias

    in the gerbil, guinea pig, and chinchilla. The results are in accord with the theory and thus support a role

  8. Africa Aerosol Optical Depth Obtained From MISR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    OpticalDepth Central African Republic Chad Djibouti Egypt Ethiopia Libya Kenya Somalia Sudan Uganda #12;Southern Africa Ethiopia Libya Kenya Somalia Sudan Uganda #12;Southern Africa 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 Mean Seasonal

  9. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 0 0 85 1,108 1,193 France 0 0 0 792 617 5,102 5,719 Gabon 33,255 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 5,406 72 4,481 4,553 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 797 98 693 791 Italy 0...

  10. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 38 584 0 0 0 Gabon 1,958 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 769 0 0 0 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  11. Petroleum Supply Annual 2005, Volume 1

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 0 49 0 85 1,383 1,468 France 0 0 262 5,939 617 4,848 5,465 Gabon 46,515 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 14,420 72 4,481 4,553 Guatemala 3,885 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 2,998 98 693 791...

  12. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 0 0 85 1,248 1,333 France 0 0 198 4,983 449 3,074 3,523 Gabon 36,341 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 10,404 0 3,006 3,006 Guatemala 3,885 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 932 98 238 336...

  13. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 Estonia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Gabon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Korea,...

  14. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 0 49 0 85 1,383 1,468 France 0 0 262 5,939 617 4,848 5,465 Gabon 46,515 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 14,420 72 4,481 4,553 Guatemala 3,885 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 2,998 98 693 791...

  15. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Finland 0 0 0 0 85 973 1,058 France 0 0 0 792 449 3,074 3,523 Gabon 27,137 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 3,946 0 3,006 3,006 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 98 238 336 Italy 0 0...

  16. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Estonia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Gabon 297 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Korea,...

  17. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 0 0 85 1,108 1,193 France 0 0 0 772 617 4,848 5,465 Gabon 33,255 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 5,406 72 4,481 4,553 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 797 98 693 791 Italy 0...

  18. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 0 0 275 275 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 40 383 0 0 0 Gabon 1,983 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 1,142 0 0 0 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 226 0 11 11...

  19. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 0 0 0 85 1,383 1,468 France 0 0 262 5,567 617 5,102 5,719 Gabon 46,515 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 14,420 72 4,481 4,553 Guatemala 3,885 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 2,767 98 693 791...

  20. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 Estonia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Gabon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Korea,...

  1. Supplement 21, Part 7, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Hosts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zidar, Judith A; Shaw, Judith H.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Kirby, Margie D.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P. constrictus Cressey, n. sp. (gill chambers): Mexi- co; Panama; Ecuador; Peru P. sinensis Cressey, n. sp. (oral valves): Batavia, Java Nothobomolochus gibber: Bay of Bengal; Borneo; Torres Strait, northern Australia; Philippine Islands; Japan... Islands; Hawaii; Gulf of California; Mexico; Panama (Pacific): Beru Colobomatus goodingi n. sp. (cephalic canals): Cuba; Haiti; Sierra Leone; Dahomey; Gabon; Torres Strait, Australia; Acapulco, Msxico; Panama (Pacific) Caligus sp. E: Java; Torres...

  2. Developing Africa's economy Doing the sums on Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). Governments in countries such as Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda are co-operating closely with America almost 2,000 troops in the Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa, based in Panos Page 1 of 6Economist

  3. Copulas and Temporal Dependence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beare, Brendan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    York. Fentaw, A. and Naik-Nimbalkar, U. V. (2008). Dynamic2007). Fentaw and Naik-Nimbalkar (2008) develop methodsEthiopia (Fentaw and Naik-Nimbalkar, 2008). Gagliardini and

  4. Copulas and Temporal Dependence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beare, Brendan K.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    York. Fentaw, A. and Naik-Nimbalkar, U. V. (2008). Dynamic2007). Fentaw and Naik-Nimbalkar (2008) develop methodsEthiopia (Fentaw and Naik-Nimbalkar, 2008). Gagliardini and

  5. Financing Clean Energy Infrastructure in Africa | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Upon arrival to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, for the U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial, U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz is greeted on the tarmac by Ethiopian Minister of Water and...

  6. 814 THE LEADING EDGE JULY 2006 International Workshop on Electromagnetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harinarayana, T.

    ); Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (Navi Mumbai); Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (Dehradun,etc.Itiskeymethodologyformonitoringenvironmental problems, exploring for energy and minerals, investigating regions of potential natural hazards (seismicoralpresentationsand66postersdescribed regions in Argentina; Australia; Brazil; Canada; China; Ethiopia; Germany

  7. The BosTon College Chroniclenovember 2, 2006-vol. 15 no. 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    Coke, the Coca-Cola Company's ill-fated launch of a replacement to its popular soft drink in the mid-1980s. Coca- By sean smith ChroniCle editor Abebe Feyissa was born and raised in Ethiopia

  8. MORINGACEAE Martinov Drumstick Tree Family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olson, Mark

    167 MORINGACEAE Martinov · Drumstick Tree Family Mark E. Olson Trees or shrubs; glabrous and southwestern Ethiopia. 1. Moringa oleifera Lamarck in J. Lamarck et al., Encycl. 1: 398. 1785 · Drumstick

  9. File: BlaUboat version dated September 4, 2013 7:07 am Prof. W. Kahan 2006, 2011 Page 1/39

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    , assassinates Japanese opponents. 1933 Hitler-led NAZIs elected in Germany, launch "2000 year Reich". 1935 Italy invades Abyssinia (Ethiopia); League of Nations impotent. 1936 Hitler remilitarizes Rhineland; France

  10. Household Segmentation in Food Insecurity and Soil Improving Practices in Ghana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nata, Jifar T

    2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    improved chickpea varieties, smallholder farmers in Ethiopia and Tanzania farmers are able to produce more and create a market surplus in their locality (Asfaw and Shiferaw 2010). Food security for these farmers improved after adoption. Further, Asfaw...

  11. Adding Fuel to the Fire; the Effect of Political Unrest on Forest Burning in Sub-Saharan Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duff, Alice

    2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The connection between forest fires and political unrest has been noted throughout the literature (see Thomas, 2012,) and in a number of countries including; Malawi, Madagascar, Kenya and Ethiopia (Kull, 2002, Hoffmann et ...

  12. June 5, 2004 OP-ED CONTRIBUTOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to speak with in senior positions of government. When an economic crisis pushed Bolivia's democratically places like Bolivia or Ethiopia is considered hopelessly soft or politically irrelevant in high

  13. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fewer wells and less footage were drilled in 1986 compared to 1985. Total drilling decreased by 23% as 217 wells were completed compared to 289 in 1985. Footage drilled during 1986 declined by 52%; about 1.3 million ft were drilled compared to about 2.7 million feet in 1985. The success rate for exploration wells of 34% during 1986 is due to considerably higher success rates in Nigeria and Gabon compared to 1985. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition was the major geophysical activity during 1986. Seismic activity (2-D and 3-D) decreased by 12% to about 230 crew-months. Total 2-D seismic kilometers recorded increased by 26% to about 82,000 km due to significant 2-D marine seismic activity in Nigeria and Angola. Surface geology, photogeology, geochemistry, gravimetry, and aeromagnetic surveys decreased compared to 1985. Total oil production in 1986 was 834 million bbl (about 2.2 million BOPD), an increase of 2%, with the most significant increased in Cameroon and Angola. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries increased to 72% in 1986 compared to 67% in 1985. 32 figures, 5 tables.

  14. Phylogenetics of the genus Scotophilus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae): perspectives from paternally and maternally inherited genomes with emphasis on African species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trujillo, Robert Greg

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    History FMNH The Field Museum of Natural History TM Transvaal Museum ROM Royal Ontario Museum MVZ Museum of Vertebrate Zoology UADBA Universit? d'Antananarivo, D?partement de Biologie Animale xi TABLE OF CONTENTS.... dinganii AK 21223 uncataloged Ethiopia: Oromiya Region: Dogy River Bridge S. dinganii AK 21163 uncataloged Ethiopia: Gambela Region: Bishen Waca Lake S. dinganii TM 38151 TM 38151 South Africa S. dinganii TM 37655 TM 37655 South Africa...

  15. asian populations levels: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  16. asian population predictors: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  17. asian population modified: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  18. asian population lessons: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  19. asian populations identifies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  20. International Migration and Human Rights: The Global Repercussions of U.S. Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martínez, Samuel

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guinea, Guyana, Honduras, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Mali, Mexico,including Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan,ee to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, where there are large

  1. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland...

  2. automata theoretic model: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Luo-Rudy dynamic model of a guinea pig ventricular cell, and a model Grosu, Radu 39 Fortuna: Model Checking Priced Probabilistic Timed Automata Computer Technologies and...

  3. acute abdomen performed: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and chronic disease (Q fever) in humans and infects many animals with varying clinical illness and persistence. A guinea pig aerosol-challenge model of acute Q fever......

  4. acute subdural hematomas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and chronic disease (Q fever) in humans and infects many animals with varying clinical illness and persistence. A guinea pig aerosol-challenge model of acute Q fever......

  5. acute subdural hematoma: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and chronic disease (Q fever) in humans and infects many animals with varying clinical illness and persistence. A guinea pig aerosol-challenge model of acute Q fever......

  6. Phenotypic Plasticity in the Lungs of Deer Mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) at High Altitude and the Relationship With Aerobic Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirkey, Nicholas Joseph

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Induced Mitogenic Factor in Lung With Vasoconstrictive andin growing dogs enhances lung diffusing capacity for oxygenJ. and Banchero, N. (1980). Lung morphometry in guinea pigs

  7. The influence of diet and vaccination on thymus-dependent (T) lymphocytes in experimental pulmonary tuberculosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartow, Rebecca Ann

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , of T lymphocytes in the guinea P~g T cell subsets bearing Fc receptors for IgG or IgM (TI or T cells, respectively) were detected using a double rosette assay. BCG vaccination of normally nourished guinea pigs resulted in a significant increase... 2 guinea pigs challenged by the respiratory route with virulent N. tuberculosis. . 68 xv LIST OF FIGVRES (Continued) Figure page 24. The influence of BCG vaccination on T gamma cells in the spleen of Strain 2 guinea pigs challenged...

  8. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Malaysia*, Mauritius, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Zealand,Rica, Ecuador, Lebanon, Mongolia, Nepal, Papua New GuineaMalta, Marshall Islands, Mongolia*, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal*,

  9. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial Co-Chairs' Summary from Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of Djibouti, the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, the Gabonese Republic, the Republic of the Gambia,...

  10. Explaining the causes and consequences of internationally monitored elections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyde, Susan Dayton

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Maldives San Marino Bahamas Malta Sao Tome & PrincipePapua New Guinea, Bahamas*, Malta* Bolivia, Cyprus, Jamaica,Slovenia, Cape Verde*, Malta* Poland, Slovenia, Mongolia,

  11. Center for Comparative Medicine N o r t h w e s t e r n U n i v e r s i t y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahriar, Selim

    .28 Chinchilla $3.58 Gerbil $1.68 Ground Squirrel $1.53 Guinea Pig $2.33 Large Animals Per Animal, Per Day Cat $9

  12. Center for Comparative Medicine N o r t h w e s t e r n U n i v e r s i t y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    .26 Chinchilla $3.36 Gerbil $1.57 Ground Squirrel $1.44 Guinea Pig $2.18 Large Animals Per Animal, Per Day Cat $8

  13. Center for Comparative Medicine N o r t h w e s t e r n U n i v e r s i t y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staum, Jeremy

    .32 Chinchilla $3.69 Gerbil $1.73 Ground Squirrel $1.58 Guinea Pig $2.40 Large Animals Per Animal, Per Day Cat $9

  14. Center for Comparative Medicine N o r t h w e s t e r n U n i v e r s i t y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    .26 Chinchilla $3.46 Gerbil $1.62 Ground Squirrel $1.48 Guinea Pig $2.25 Large Animals Per Animal, Per Day Cat $9

  15. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  16. Please cite this article in press as: Miller, N.R., et al., Cryogenian slate-carbonate sequences of the Tambien Group, Northern Ethiopia (I): Pre-"Sturtian" chemostratigraphy and regional correlations. Precambrian Res. (2009), doi:10.1016/j.precamres.2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dov, Avigad

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Please cite this article in press as: Miller, N.R., et al., Cryogenian slate-carbonate sequences Research journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/precamres Cryogenian slate-carbonate sequences), a modestly thick (1­3 km) slate and carbonate succession that records early Cryogenian evolution

  17. OPEC production: Capital limitations, environmental movements may interfere with expansion plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

    1994-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Obtaining capital is a critical element in the production expansion plans of OPEC member countries. Another issue that may impact the plans is the environmental taxes that may reduce the call on OPEC oil by 5 million b/d in 2000 and about 16 million b/d in the year 2010. This concluding part of a two-part series discusses the expansion possibilities of non-Middle East OPEC members, OPEC's capital requirements, and environmental concerns. Non-Middle East OPEC includes Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Libya, Nigeria, and Venezuela.

  18. Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

  19. The effect of protein deficiency and M. bovis BCG vaccination on interleukin 2 activity in tuberculous ginea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parr, Rebecca Lynne

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The influence of exogenous Il-2 on mitogen (Con A)-stimulated proliferation of blood lymphocytes from normal guinea pigs. 5. Production of Il-2 by lymphocytes from the blood and spleen of BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) or non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs 3-4 weeks.... rculosis recoverable from the spleen of BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) and non-vaccinated (NV) tuberculous guinea pigs. . . . . . 52 X1V Figure 8. Number of viable N b cu osis recoverable page from the lung from BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) and non-vaccinated (NV...

  20. anopheles nuneztovari diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  1. anopheles albimanus diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  2. anopheles aquasalis diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  3. anopheles arabiensis diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  4. anopheles funestus diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  5. anopheles aconitus diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  6. anopheles hyrcanus diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  7. anopheles braziliensis diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  8. anopheles fluviatilis diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  9. Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Kristin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2005. Bassey, Nnimmo. 2000. “Oil and Gas in Africa. ” Paperat the Gulf of Guinea Oil and Gas Conference. February 5 –6,Mercury from Discharges from Oil and Gas Platforms. http://

  10. http://web.utk.edu/~auerbach/Goldman.htm THE GOLDMAN DATA SET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auerbach, Benjamin M.

    Autours Braives Ciply Trou Felix Canary Islands Unspecified Chile Tierra del Fuego Guinea New Britain Peru Cuzco Ancón Philippine Islands "Negrito" Russia Various locations Solomon Islands Unspecified South Africa "Bushman" Sudan El Kubanieh Kerma Sayala Toschke

  11. Supplement 17, Part 6, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Subject Headings And Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humphrey, Judith M.; Segal, Dorothy B.; Walker, Martha L.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ; Coccidia oocysts) Arkansas. See United States, Arkansas. Armenia. See Russia, Aimenian SSR. Armies , Parasites Trypanosoma cruzi Mora Marquez, R., 1964. ? Venezuela Armies, Parasites Zuidema, P. J., 1963 b hookworm, Dutch servicemen West New Guinea...

  12. Alternative Energy Technologies Solar Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Christopher

    #12;Alternative Energy Technologies Solar Power Photovoltaics Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Power;Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Reflector material is Aluminum or Silver Tube material ..... Several possible ............... Mexico, Canada, Peru Alumina ............Guinea, Brazil, Australia, Jamaica Manganese ....... S. Africa

  13. Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Kristin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    aimed at securing oil resources in the Gulf of Guinea (of (as yet unproven) oil resources in Angola (EIA 2008; Lylemost valuable natural resource: oil. But oil extraction—both

  14. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Coal &Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Coal &

  15. What We Know About Coyotillo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, Robert K.; Machen, Richard V.

    2000-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Coyotillo is a toxic plant that has poisoned people, cattle, sheep, goats, guinea pigs, horses, swine and chickens. This publication describes the plant, lists symptoms of livestock poisoning and discusses preventive measures....

  16. STRUCTURAL CLIMATE Chris Brierley UCL Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    ) Movement of Indonesia and New Guinea c) Emergence of Isthmus of Panama d) Increase in Tropical Cyclones e by CO2 radiative forcing being generally greater over land. is *1.3, Fig. 3, bottom panel). Any

  17. What We Know About Coyotillo 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, Robert K.; Machen, Richard V.

    2000-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Coyotillo is a toxic plant that has poisoned people, cattle, sheep, goats, guinea pigs, horses, swine and chickens. This publication describes the plant, lists symptoms of livestock poisoning and discusses preventive measures....

  18. Energy Upgrade Program Revitalizing Oregon | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    areas. First to save The program needed a guinea pig to be the first to receive a free energy audit and found a willing participant in Key Carpets, a Molalla-based store...

  19. Modeling El Nin~o and its tropical teleconnections during the last glacial-interglacial cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otto-Bliesner, Bette

    thermocline. Results suggest that proxy evidence of weaker precipitation variability in New Guinea and Ecuador, with atmospheric trace gases (CO2, CH4, N2O, CFCs) and solar constant set to values for 1990 AD [Otto- Bliesner et

  20. Incubating and Hatching Eggs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cartwright, A. Lee

    2000-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    . Leaflet No. 519, ?Raising Guinea Fowl.? U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Gov- ernment Printing Office. Circular 514, ?Raising Bobwhite Quail for Commercial Use.? Cooperative Extension Service, Clemson University. Leaflet 21046, ?Raising Game Birds...

  1. The effect of protein deficiency and M. bovis BCG vaccination on interleukin 2 activity in tuberculous ginea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parr, Rebecca Lynne

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECT OF PROTEIN DEFICIENCY AND M. bovis BCG VACCINATION ON INTERLEUKIN 2 ACTIVITY IN TUBERCULOUS GUINEA PIGS A THESIS by REBECCA LYNNE PARR Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1987 Major subject: Veterinary Microbiology THE EFFECT OF PROTEIN DEFICIENCY AND M~ BOVIS BCG VACCINATION ON INTERLEUKIN 2 ACTIVITY IN TUBERCULOUS GUINEA PIGS A Thesis by REBECCA LYNNE PARR...

  2. The influence of diet and vaccination on thymus-dependent (T) lymphocytes in experimental pulmonary tuberculosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartow, Rebecca Ann

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PPD-induced blastogenesis in vitro of peripheral blood lymphocytes obtained from BCG vaccinated (VACC) and non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs at weekly intervals following pulmonary challenge with virulent mycobacteria Proliferative response in vitro... to Concanavalin A of peripheral blood lymphocytes isolated from BCG vaccinated (VACC) and non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs at weekly intervals following pulmonary challenge with virulent mycobacteria. . . . . . 44 I. ymphoproliferation in vitro to PPD of spleno...

  3. Nine Students Reflect on Their Worldwide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraden, Seth

    for Relief from an AIDS Epidemic: Clients and Community at Gay Men's Health Crisis Aaron Breslow '10 From and faith in his heart, discovered the essence of leadership in two distinct parts of the world: Ethiopia in the Gay Men's Health Crisis Center. There he challenged himself to do more, to stay committed

  4. The University of Washington acts on its great capacity and ambition for addressing vital issues, motivated by the power of shared concern, as is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

    Personnel (AP) serves as the institutional portal for academic personnel administration. We bring clear transitions for faculty, librarians, and academic staff · Monitor and uphold the high standards for ethics AFGHANISTAN 1 ALBANIA 1 AZERBAIJAN 1 BULARIA 1 BURMA (MYANMAR) 1 CAMEROON 1 COSTA RICA 1 ETHIOPIA 1 JAMAICA 1

  5. Carbon Smackdown: Cookstoves for the developing world

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Ashok Gadgil, Kayje Booker, and Adam Rausch

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this June 30, 2010 Berkeley Lab summer lecture, learn how efficient cookstoves for the developing world ? from Darfur to Ethiopia and beyond ? are reducing carbon dioxide emissions, saving forests, and improving health. Berkeley Lab's Ashok Gadgil, Kayje Booker, and Adam Rausch discuss why they got started in this great challenge and what's next.

  6. Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , economic and environmental characteristics and issues as well as prospects for sustainable agricultural supervised master thesis work in Uganda or Ethiopia. Ecology Livelihood Social systems Sustainable an understanding for the overall living conditions within a specific region. The program gives special emphasis

  7. Saudi Arabia Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

  8. Increased use of Renewable Energy in Africa through a Program of Energy Enterprise Development and Investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christine Eibs Singer

    2005-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    To provide training in enterprise development and technical applications, local partner capacity building, individualized enterprise development services and seed capital investment to catalyze the creation of sustainable renewable energy enterprises that deliver clean energy services to households and businesses in South Africa, Ethiopia and Tanzania.

  9. Georgia Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , sponsored by NOAA, California Energy Commission, and CalFed; #12;EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: USGS (Burundi, Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda) and is used their information needs. In the US, INFORM is a project that is motivated by the water and energy shortages

  10. Georgia Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , California Energy Commission, and CalFed; 6. Epidemiological and Environmental Malaria Information System. The Nile DST has now been disseminated to all 10 Nile countries (Burundi, Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia that is motivated by the water and energy shortages in California. INFORM brings together all relevant agencies

  11. Cornell University, Office of Sponsored Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,400.00 ALEXANDER, JAMES P Cornell Lab Accelerator Sciences & Ed NSF MPS PARTICLE PHYSICS AT THE ENERGY FRONTIER AND INNOVATION IN ETHIOPIA 62088 $ 20,000.00 BATES, TERENCE R CALS Horticulture NY WINE/GRAPE A SYSTEM APPROACH R CALS Horticulture NY WINE/GRAPE SPATIAL VINEYARD MANAGEMENT FOR PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY

  12. Development, Innovation and International Political

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, René Rydhof

    challenges such as food insecurity, abject poverty, reliance on foreign assistance and unemployment. Although enterprises have the potential to fill the gap by alleviating extreme poverty among the masses Poverty in Ethiopia is widespread and remains a major challenge of sustainable development and stability

  13. Biofuels War: The New Scramble for Africa by Western Big Money Profiteers : EcoWorldly Explore GO Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biofuels War: The New Scramble for Africa by Western Big Money Profiteers : EcoWorldly About Like this post? Subscribe to our RSS feed and stay up to date. Biofuels War: The New Scramble in Africa, Ethiopia, Europe, Ghana, Global, Tanzania, United States of America Biofuels war has broken out

  14. RESEARCH Open Access Ecotypic variation for seed dormancy, longevity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snow, Allison A.

    and persistence Asfaw Adugna Abstract Seed dispersal is one of the vehicles of gene flow in plants. If a seedCorrespondence: asfaw123@rediffmail.com Melkassa Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 1085, Adama, Ethiopia a SpringerOpen Journal © 2013 Adugna; licensee Springer. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms

  15. RESEARCH ARTICLE Population genetic structure of in situ wild Sorghum bicolor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snow, Allison A.

    center of origin based on SSR markers Asfaw Adugna · Allison A. Snow · Patty M. Sweeney · Endashaw Bekele users. A. Adugna Á E. Bekele Department of Biology, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Present Address: A. Adugna (&) Melkassa Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 1085, Adama

  16. CSIRO PUBLISHING www.publish.csiro.au/journals/wr Wildlife Research, 2008, 35, 409416

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Lee

    Ababa, Ethiopia. D Corresponding author. Email: paulevan@nrel.colostate.edu Abstract. The use climatic, topographical and vegetative variables. Three model evaluation methods showed a strong performance of the final model with an overall accuracy of 90%, Cohen's maximised of 0.80 and area under

  17. ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and Northern Saudi Arabia in Wadi Kareim and Wadi Mobarak in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and the Nuwaybah formation in NW Saudi and extends from Egypt, Israel, and Jordan to Ethiopia and Yemen. The ANS (Fig. 1a) developed during

  18. Prof. S.K. Saha MuDRA: Connecting engineering minds with society 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saha, Subir Kumar

    Prof. S.K. Saha MuDRA: Connecting engineering minds with society 1 MultibodyMultibody DynamicsEngineeringMinds with SocietyConnectingEngineeringMinds with Society -------- Prof. S.K. Saha Naren Gupta Chair Professor Dept the Seriesin the Series Total: 31 India: 26 Poland: 1 Ethiopia: 1 USA: 1 Mexico: 2 #12;Prof. S.K. Saha Mu

  19. The Journal of Doctoral Nursing Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grishok, Alla

    are com- peting for scarce dollars. Is it most effective to supply measles vaccine to children intervention. But look where this extreme drought is not wreaking havoc--Ethiopia, Eritrea, eastern Kenya Nursing 69 where resilient systems of agriculture and water supply have been built up over the last 20

  20. Bizuayehu Tesfaye REYST report 05-2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karlsson, Brynjar

    Bizuayehu Tesfaye REYST report 05-2011 Improved Sustainable Power Supply for Dagahabur and Kebridahar Town of Somalia Region in Ethiopia REYKJAVIK ENERGY GRADUATE SCHOOL OF SUSTAINABLE SYSTEMS #12. Moreover, solar photovoltaic (PV)­Wind/batter hybrid power generation system technology is an emerging

  1. The Digital Divide: Implications For African Business Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and adoption. In Ethiopia, for example, a personal computer costs 15 times the average annual income that is necessary to nurture the IT revolution is in pitifully short supply including telephone lines, electricity. In addition to cost, overriding technical problems involve infrastructure, politics and lack of trained

  2. Charles N. Rotimi, PhD Director: Center for Research on Genomics and Global Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research Sites Charles Rotimi - crggh.nih.gov Africa: 1)Nigeria 2)Ghana 3) Kenya 4) Ethiopia China: Suizhou Era Charles Rotimi - crggh.nih.gov #12;http://crggh.nih.gov The mission of the Center for Research Charles Rotimi - crggh.nih.gov #12;· Addressing social factors that contribute to health disparities

  3. Supplement 22, Part 7, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Hosts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zidar, Judith A.; Shaw, Judith H.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Kirby, Margie D.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , J.; and Lucinska, ?., 1976, Pol- skie Pismo Entom., v. 46 (2), 261-318 Docophorulus linariae: Polen Acanthodactylus erythrurus lineo-maculatus (foie) Dollfus, R. P., 1975, Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat., Paris, 3. s. (302), Zool. (212), 659- 684...-426 microfilariae: Ethiopia Acrocephalus palustris Zlotorzycka, J.; and Lucinska, ?., 1976, Pol skie Pismo Entom., v. 46 (2), 261-318 Docophorulus mirificus: Polen Acrocephalus schoenobaenus Ashford, R. W.; et al., 1976, J. Wildlife Dis., v. 12 (3) , 409...

  4. The Diversity of Meningococcal Carriage Across the African Meningitis Belt and the Impact of Vaccination With a Group A Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The MenAfriCar consortium

    2015-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    are as follows: Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Oumer Ali, Abraham Aseffa (principal investigator [PI]), Ahmed Bedru, Tsehaynesh Lema, Tesfaye Moti, Yenenesh Tekletsion, Alemayehu Worku, Haimanot Guebre Xabher (deceased), and Lawrence... (Amit Bhasin, Elizabeth Huntley, Karen Williams, Karen Slater, and Lyanne Wylde), for their strong logistic support of the work of the con- sortium across Africa; and the national health and local authorities of each participating country, for their full...

  5. A cross-national study of the pattern of modernization in the developing countries, 1965-75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Kwok-on Frankie

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COUNTRIES? 1965 AND 1973 (IN U. S. $) Countries 1965" GNP Rank 1 973+? GNP Rank Venezuela Argentina Greece Uraguay Chile Spain Libya Jamaica Panama Mexico Lebanon Costa Rica Portugal Peru Nicaragua Guatemala Malaysia Ghana Colombia... Portugal Greece Kenya (white pop. only) Lebanon Iran Jordan C olombia Jamaica Libya Brazil Malaysia Uraguay Paraguay Peru Mexico Syria Egypt Iraq Sri Lanka Costa Rica Panama Guatemala Ecuador South Korea Ghana Ethiopia Turkey India...

  6. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1101711096, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/11017/2010/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    and Papua New Guinea, is one of the most heavily populated regions of the world. Biofuel and biomass burning hydrological cycle, in particular the mountain cryospheric reservoirs and the fresh water supply, which in turn hundred scientists from around the world gathered in the Maldives, located in the northern Indian Ocean

  7. Melyrid beetles (Choresine): A putative source for the batrachotoxin alkaloids found in poison-dart frogs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melyrid beetles (Choresine): A putative source for the batrachotoxin alkaloids found in poison a Colombian poison-dart frog and later found in certain passerine birds of New Guinea. Neither vertebrate in the mid-1960s in skin extracts from a Colombian poison-dart frog (family Dendrobatidae) (1, 2). The name

  8. RESEARCH Open Access Application of satellite precipitation data to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ebert, Beth

    and epizootic in other parts of Australia. Activity of MVEV in Western Australia (WA) is monitored by detection, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia 6845, Australia Full list of author virus and St. Louis encephalitis virus. MVEV is enzootic in northern Australia and Papua New Guinea

  9. Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia exposed on Obi Island, eastern Indonesia. Until the late Neogene, Obi formed part of the southern tectonic history of eastern Indonesia and northern New Guinea has been dominated by the punctuated

  10. For Release: 9:20 a.m. PST, January 9, 2007 CHANDRA X-RAY TELESCOPE DISCOVERS COMPANION TO BRIGHT STAR IN THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, David

    : Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa. The companion star was discovered accidentally the highly supersonic stellar winds of hot, luminous stars produce x-rays, and we were surprised to see two that of the Sun, is very luminous (giving off about 34,000 times as much energy as our Sun every second

  11. Dietary alteration of the interaction between alveolar macrophages and lymphocytes in experimental tuberculosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaotong

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To study the interaction of alveolar macrophages (AM) and splenocytes (SC) and the dietary effects on the interaction of AM and SC in a guinea pig model of pulmonary tuberculosis, the ConA-induced proliferation of SC was quantified under various...

  12. 2012 Graduate Destination Report for ANU Joint College of Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arab Emirates 1 1 United Kingdom, nfd 1 1 United States of America 3 3 Total 133 35 43 211 31 193 Canada 2 2 England 1 1 Germany 5 5 New Zealand 1 1 Papua New Guinea 1 1 Philippines 1 1 United

  13. Interview of Les Hiatt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiatt, Les

    2005-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    at Elephant and Castle then returned to a lectureship at Sydney in 1965 42:41:03 Continued to go back to Maningrida for next 45 years; did think about establishing another field area; went to New Guinea for a few months and for five months on the east coast...

  14. Identification of optimum potassium nutrition of greenhouse plants grown in recirculating subirrigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blessington, Trisha R.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of this research was to determine the optimum potassium nutrition of greenhouse plants grown in recirculating subirrigation. New Guinea impatiens 'Ovation Salmon Pink Swirl' were grown in recirculating subirrigation trays using 0 -12 mM K, with constant 1.5 mM P...

  15. Pleasenotethatthisisanauthor-producedPDFofanarticleacceptedforpublicationfollowingpeerreview.Thedefinitivepublisher-authenticatedversionisavailableonthepublisherWebsite Marine Geology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    .margeo.2006.11.002 © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Archimer, archive institutionnelle de l al., 2004; Urgeles et al., 2006 among others). Thanks to oil industry exploration, numerous studies construction have been carried out on the Norwegian Margin, in the Gulf of Guinea and the Gulf of Mexico

  16. Geological Modeling of Dahomey and Liberian Basins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gbadamosi, Hakeem B.

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this thesis is to study two Basins of the Gulf of Guinea (GoG), namely the Dahomey and the Liberian Basins. These Basins are located in the northern part of the GoG, where oil and gas exploration has significantly increased...

  17. Supplement 15, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Hosts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humphrey, Judith M.; Segal, Dorothy B.; Beard, Mary I.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Kirby, Margie D.

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Persia Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 289 Persia Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 272, 277 all from Angola Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 283 French Guinea Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 287 British Somaliland, Upper Egypt, Abyssinia Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 287 Kurdistan, Cyprus, South...

  18. U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Country

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Australia 0 0 0 0 0 0 1973-2014 Brunei 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997-2014 Canada 0 555 91 2012-2014 Egypt 160,435 72,990 35,120 2,811 0 0 2005-2014 Equatorial Guinea 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2014...

  19. Agreements --General/Regional 171 GENERAL/REGIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    ; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Slovakia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Ukraine New Guinea; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Senegal of the Atomic Energy (EURATOM) Date TreatyBasin Signatories TreatyName April 11, 1910 Aden Aden; Great Britain

  20. Farmer on a farm in the Moamba district. the jatropha trap?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland: basic facts and uses 10 1.2 agriculture and mozambique's lack of food and energy sovereignty 10 1.1 energem renewable energy 19 4.2 esv bio africa 21 4.3 sun biofuels and moçamgalp 22 thejatrophatrap

  1. OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 180 PRELIMINARY REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 180 PRELIMINARY REPORT ACTIVE CONTINENTAL EXTENSION IN THE WESTERN WOODLARK BASIN, PAPUA NEW GUINEA Dr. Philippe Huchon CNRS, Laboratoire de Géologie �cole Normale Supérieure and Technology University of Hawaii at Manoa 2525 Correa Road Honolulu, HI 96822-2285 U.S.A. Dr. Adam Klaus Ocean

  2. Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 Unraveling the conundrum of river response to rising sea level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary

    Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 1 Unraveling the conundrum of river of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 2 Fly-Strickland River system, Papua New Guinea to Holocene of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 3 Mississippi River was able to resist drowning due to sea

  3. WORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    Argentina2 UM Guinea-Bissau L Niue UM Bolivia LM Kenya L Palau UM Brazil2 ** LM Lesotho LM Papua New L Chile of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). 4 Until the country becomes Associated to FP7 5 As defined by UNSC

  4. World frontiers beckon oil finders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the international aspects of the petroleum industry. Most who work in the industry agree that the possibilities for huge are found largely in international regions. Something that is helping fuel that possibility is the way countries are increasingly opening their doors to US oil industry involvement. Listed in this paper is a partial list of the reported projects now underway around the world involving US companies. It is not intended to be comprehensive, but rather an indication of how work continues despite a general lull atmosphere for the oil industry. These include Albania, Bulgaria, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ireland, Malta, Madagascar, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Panama, Paraquay, and Senegal.

  5. Hydrocarbon accumulation on rifted Continental Margin - examples of oil migration pathways, west African salt basins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blackwelder, B.W.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Examination of the oil fields in the Gabon, Lower Congo, and Cuanza basins allows modeling of oil migration and a more accurate ranking of prospects using geologic risk factors. Oil accumulations in these basins are in strata deposited during Cretaceous rift and drift phases, thus providing a diversity of geologic settings to examine. Oil accumulations in rift deposits are located on large faulted anticlines or in truncated units atop horst features. Many of these oil fields were sourced from adjacent organic shales along short direct migration paths. In Areas where source rock is more remote to fields or to prospective structures, faulting and continuity of reservoir rock are important to the migration of hydrocarbons. Because Aptian salts separate rift-related deposits from those of the drift stage, salt evacuation and faulting of the salt residuum are necessary for oil migration from the pre-salt sequences into the post-salt section. Oil migration within post-salt strata is complicated by the presence of salt walls and faulted carbonate platforms. Hydrocarbon shows in wells drilled throughout this area provide critical data for evaluating hydrocarbon migration pathways. Such evaluation in combination with modeling and mapping of the organic-rich units, maturation, reservoir facies, structural configurations, and seals in existing fields allows assessment of different plays. Based on this information, new play types and prospective structures can be ranked with respect to geologic risk.

  6. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGrew, H.J.

    1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploratory activity in central and southern Africa continued to be strong during 1982. Seismic operations decreased, but there was a marked increase in the amount of aeromagnetic control obtained. Oil production continued the drop which began in 1981 due to the world oversupply. There were few new concessions taken by the international oil companies. Several small projects required the acquisition of relatively small amounts of land. A notable exception was in Gabon where Tenneco and Amoco have gained strong land positions. The east African countries are preparing for increased land acquisition. Seismic activity declined from 365 party-months in 1981 to 296 party-months in 1982. The amount of control obtained, however, increased substantially to 127,518 km. The acquisition of 3-D control increased by about 50% during the year as this technique was being used more commonly to delineate structures prior to development drilling. Forty-eight new-field wildcats resulted in discoveries, compared with 44 the previous year. There were 281 development wells. In all, 464 wells were drilled to account for 3.6 million ft of hole. Oil production was 662,871,768 bbl, a decrease of 5.8% from 1981. Cumulative production has now exceeded 11 billion bbl.

  7. Radiation-Induced Decomposition of U(VI) Phase to Nanocrystals of UO2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S. Utsunomiya; R.C. Ewing; L. Wang

    2005-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    U{sup 6+}-phases are common alteration products, under oxidizing conditions, of uraninite and the UO{sub 2} in spent nuclear fuel. These U{sup 6+}-phases are subjected to a radiation field caused by the {alpha}-decay of U, or in the case of spent nuclear fuel, incorporated actinides, such as {sup 239}Pu and {sup 237}Np. In order to evaluate the effects of {alpha}-decay events on the stability of the U{sup 6+}-phases, we report, for the first time, the results of ion beam irradiations (1.0 MeV Kr{sup 2+}) of U{sup 6+}-phases. The heavy-particle irradiations are used to simulate the ballistic interactions of the recoil-nucleus of an {alpha}-decay event with the surrounding structure. The Kr{sup 2+}-irradiation decomposed the U{sup 6+}-phases to UO{sub 2} nanocrystals at doses as low as 0.006 displacements per atom (dpa). U{sup 6+}-phases accumulate substantial radiation doses ({approx}1.0 displacement per atom) within 100,000 years if the concentration of incorporated {sup 239}Pu is as high as 1 wt%. Similar nanocrystals of UO{sub 2} were observed in samples from the natural fission reactors at Oklo, Gabon. Multiple cycles of radiation-induced decomposition to UO{sub 2} followed by alteration to U{sup 6+}-phases provide a mechanism for the remobilization of incorporated radionuclides.

  8. The problem of living in a world contaminated with chemicals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metcalf, R.L. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana (United States)

    1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The proliferation of xenobiotic chemicals in the global environment poses living problems for each of us aboard {open_quotes}spaceship earth.{close_quotes} Seven case studies are presented that illustrate the magnitude of the problem that can result from waiting to identify toxic hazards until there have been decades of {open_quotes}human guinea pig{close_quotes} exposure. 25 refs., 5 tabs.

  9. Publishing Swinburne; the poet, his publishers and critics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmonds, Clive

    2014-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    UNIVERSITY OF READING Publishing Swinburne; the poet, his publishers and critics. Vol. 2: Annexes 1-22 Submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Department of English Language... . 1875 p.217-232 An Unknown Poet Reprinted as introduction 84 (1876) Apr. 1875, pp.505-507 A Vision of Spring in Winter 6 guineas (84 lines) 85 Poems and Ballads; ser. 2 (1878) May 1875, pp.613-632 The Three Stages of Shakespeare A...

  10. Additional file 4a. References of the African populations compiled in the databases. Country Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ] 99 Egypt Arab MT 83 [25] 100 Egypt Arab MT 101 [26] 101 Egypt Arab Y 20 [7] 102 Egypt Berber Siwa MT 78 [27] 103 Egypt Copte MT 9 [25] 104 Egypt Copte MT 101 [27] 105 Egypt Misc. MT 32 [28] 106 Egypt Misc. Y 19 [17] 107 Egypt Misc.Upper Egypt MT 24 [28] 108 Egypt Nubia MT 11 [25] 109 Equatorial Guinea

  11. 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim 899 www.advmat.de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappelluti, Emmanuele

    de la Cruz 3, 28049 Madrid, Spain E-mail: paco.guinea@icmm.csic.es Dr. E. Cappelluti Institute Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia IMDEA-Nanociencia E-28049 Madrid, Spain Prof. N. Agraït, Prof Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid, Spain E-mail: gabino.rubio@uam.es DOI: 10.1002/adma.201203731 Two

  12. Chirac Said “Non” – Or Did He? Revisiting U.S. - UN Diplomacy on the 2003 Iraq War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rrecchia, Stefano

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    could for the most part be financed through sales of Iraqi oil.29 The belief that a protracted stabilization mission would be unnecessary in Iraq further reduced any incentive to secure UN approval as a means of legitimating the war and facilitating... Washington significant leverage over its foreign policy. Germany and Syria, by contrast, were firmly opposed. That put all the weight on the other six nonpermanent members, who remained uncommitted: Mexico, Chile, Pakistan, Angola, Cameroon, and Guinea...

  13. Thicket manipulation and static inventory control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Marvin Rex

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    minicomputer system, especially for the smaller companies. There is a growing need to produce software modules which will properly model the problems of small busi- nesses and organizations, and which not only offers effective, efficient solutions... un- solved problem in mathematics [ 23 ]. Mother puzzle approach to graphs was proposed in 1859 when Sir William Hamilton (1805 ? 1865) marketed the idea for a game, "Around The World" to a London toy manufacturer for twenty-five guineas...

  14. Ecology and breeding biology of the Black-shouldered Kite in south Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrie, Dawn Kristine

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    subspecies occur in Africa, southern Asia, India, Sumatra, New Guinea, and Australia (Peters 1979, Howard and Moore 1980). Before 1900, the Black-shouldered Kite was fairly common in the lowlands of western California and south and central Texas...), and scattered sightings in Washington, Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico throughout the 1970s (Pruett-Jones et al. 1980). The kite population did not increase appreciably in Texas until the mid-1960s (Larson 1980). The 1964 Christmas Bird Counts recorded one...

  15. Oak Poisoning in Livestock. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dollahite, J. W.; Housholder, G. T.; Camp, B. J.

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    April 1966 r Oak Poisoning *. . TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY Texas Agricultural Experiment Station R. E. Patterson, Director, College Station, Texas Summary Oak poisoning is a major problem in the production of livestock in areas where oak occurs.... The blossoms, buds, young leaves and acorns are poisonous. Cattle, sheep, goats, swine, rabbits and guinea pigs are susceptible to oak poisoning. A gallotannin isolated from oak has been demonstrated to be poisonous. Calcium hydroxide is an antidote...

  16. `Home Away From Home:' Migrant Organizations and Transnational Politics Among Latin American Migrants in Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freudenburg, Kevin Michael

    2011-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    , Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines, Portugal, and Uruguay. 3 Although the process of migration has never been... well be the catalyst for national political change, and at the very least may alter the political priorities of governments by focusing their energies abroad (Itzigsohn 2000). 19 In the case of Latin American migrants to Spain, their presence...

  17. United Nations geothermal activities in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beredjick, N.

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United Nations implements technical cooperation projects in developing countries through its Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD). The DTCD is mandated to explore for and develop natural resources (water, minerals, and relevant infrastructure) and energy - both conventional and new and renewable energy sources. To date, the United Nations has been involved in over 30 geothermal exploration projects (completed or underway) in 20 developing countries: 8 in Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar); 8 in Asia (China, India, Jordan, Philippines, Thailand); 9 in Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) and 6 in Europe (Greece, Romania, Turkey, Yugoslavia). Today, the DTCD has seven UNDP geothermal projects in 6 developing countries. Four of these (Bolivia, China, Honduras, and Kenya) are major exploration projects whose formulation and execution has been possible thanks to the generous contributions under cost-sharing arrangements from the government of Italy. These four projects are summarized.

  18. Trading Carbon: Can Cookstoves Light the Way (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Gadgil, Ashok; Booker, Kayje; Rausch, Adam

    2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Science at the Theater: Get smart about carbon! Learn how families in Africa, using stoves designed by Berkeley Lab, are at the forefront of global carbon reduction. Ashok Gadgil is the driving force behind the Berkeley-Darfur Cookstove. He is a researcher, inventor, renowned humanitarian, and director of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division. Kayje Booker is a Berkeley Lab researcher and UC Berkeley graduate student in ecosystem sciences. She is exploring how carbon markets can serve as catalysts for innovation in technologies for the poor. Adam Rausch is a Berkeley Lab researcher and UC Berkeley graduate student in civil environmental engineering. He helps to design and test stove designs in Ethiopia and elsewhere.

  19. Reverberation impairs brainstem temporal representations of voiced vowel sounds: challenging “periodicity-tagged” segregation of competing speech in rooms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sayles, Mark; Stasiak, Arkadiusz; Winter, Ian M.

    2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    surgery was performed under anesthesia. ANIMAL MODEL Data described here were collected during experiments per- formed on pigmented guinea-pigs of either sex, weighing between 300 and 650 g. Animals were anesthetized with ure- thane (1.0 g/kg, ip). Hypnorm... (fentanyl citrate, 0.315mg/ml; fluanisone, 10mg/ml; Janssen, High Wycombe, UK) was admin- istered for supplementary analgesia (1ml/kg, im). Anesthesia and analgesia were maintained at a depth sufficient to abol- ish the pedal withdrawal reflex (front paw...

  20. Antigenic analysis of the genus Aeromonas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Vijaya Balusu

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . foa d th ide tical '0' antigen in a C27 strain of Ferguson and Henderson and in Pseudomonas ~shi elloides (21). In 1959 Saks aki et al. suggest d th epithet ~sh( lloid s as ot ppropriate for the reason that ot all st aine of this group were related... that their strains of Prot us elanovorlenes (A. ~h dro bile) caused de th in mice and Guinea pigs within 24 hours by intraperitonial injection. Acute septicemia was observed in these animals. Culture filtrates were toxic to mice. These authors first isolated...

  1. Carryover of aflatoxin B/sub 1/ in contaminated substrate corn into Nigerian native beer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okoye, Z.S.C.

    1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aflatoxins, the toxic secondary metabolites of Aspergillus flavus and Asp. parasiticus, constitute a serious food contamination problem in Nigeria and have been detected in the blood of healthy rural blood donors and primary liver cancer patients from the Guinea savannah region where traditionally brewed cereal beer is popular. A recent survey of traditional breweries in the Jos metropolis has shown a high incidence of aflatoxin B/sub 1/ contamination of their products. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficiency of the traditional brewing in destroying aflatoxins in mould-infected substrate grains.

  2. Interview with Lucy Mair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mair, Lucy

    2004-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    relations so bad? Malinowski’s anti-Semitism Malinowski’s ideas, methods and role Were students then more mature? Raymond Firth, Edmund Leach (5 mins) Raymond Firth’s character and ideas Meyer Fortes and his dwindling socialism Edmund Leach as an eccentric... ) Did you enjoy teaching Colonial cadets and keep in touch with any of them? Visit to Nigeria and later trip to Nigeria Trip to Australia and New Guinea – impressions Sailing round the coast steered by a murderer Contrast with Africa Evans...

  3. Antigenic analysis of the genus Aeromonas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Vijaya Balusu

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . foa d th ide tical '0' antigen in a C27 strain of Ferguson and Henderson and in Pseudomonas ~shi elloides (21). In 1959 Saks aki et al. suggest d th epithet ~sh( lloid s as ot ppropriate for the reason that ot all st aine of this group were related... that their strains of Prot us elanovorlenes (A. ~h dro bile) caused de th in mice and Guinea pigs within 24 hours by intraperitonial injection. Acute septicemia was observed in these animals. Culture filtrates were toxic to mice. These authors first isolated...

  4. An electron microscopy study of ground-nut poisoning in turkey poults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Alcides Amilcar

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    etiology. In the eat'Ly papers the condition was known by the name of Turkey ' X" disease. However, this name was quickly changed when in L961 Blount (7) concluded that toxic Brasilian ground-nut meal was responsible for the outbreaks of this new... condition. Similar toxic effects in ducklings, chickens, rats, guinea pigs, cows and pigs have also been reported. In general, there is little available information about how and where tbe toxic principles of any kind act in the cells structures. Also...

  5. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    1995-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  6. An electron microscopy study of ground-nut poisoning in turkey poults 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Alcides Amilcar

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    etiology. In the eat'Ly papers the condition was known by the name of Turkey ' X" disease. However, this name was quickly changed when in L961 Blount (7) concluded that toxic Brasilian ground-nut meal was responsible for the outbreaks of this new... condition. Similar toxic effects in ducklings, chickens, rats, guinea pigs, cows and pigs have also been reported. In general, there is little available information about how and where tbe toxic principles of any kind act in the cells structures. Also...

  7. Annual review of earth and planetary sciences. Vol. 19

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetherill, G.W.; Albee, A.L.; Burke, K.C. (Carnegie Inst. of Washington, DC (United States) California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena (United States) National Research Council, Washington, DC (United States))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Various review papers on earth and planetary sciences are presented. The individual topics addressed include: tectonics of the New Guinea area, interpretation of ancient Eolian and dunes, seismic tomography of the earth's mantle, shock modification and chemistry and planetary geologic processes, the significance of evaporites, the magnetosphere, untangling the effects of burial alteration and ancient soil formation. Also discussed are: pressure-temperature-time paths, fractals in rock physics, earthquake prediction, rings in the ocean, applications of Be{minus}10 to problems in the earth sciences, measurement of crustal deformation using the GPS, physics and physical mechanisms of nuclear winter, experiemental determination of bed-form stability.

  8. Origin and evolution of the unique Australo-Papuan mangrove- restricted avifauna: novel insights form molecular phylogenetic and comparative phylogeographic analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyá ri, Á rpá d S.

    2011-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Rhipidura albiscapa Gre y F antails KUNHM 6095 Australia, WA, 5 km E Donn y b roo k GQ145464 GQ145355 GQ145388 GQ145426 Rhipidura albiscapa Gre y F antails LSUMNS B 45814 Vanuatu GQ145476 GQ145365 GQ145400 GQ145438 Rhipidura albolim... bata Gre y F antails KUNHM 4595 Ne w Guinea, Mo robe Province, D enda w ang Camp GQ145465 GQ145356 GQ145389 GQ145427 Rhipidura fuliginosa Gre y F antails LSUMNS B23324 Ne w Ze aland GQ145475 - GQ145399 GQ145437 Rhipidura hyperythra...

  9. 49th Annual international outlook issue. [World oil gas exploration and development trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article represents the World Oil's 49th annual outlook. It discusses oil and gas exploration information, pricing, drilling activity, production, and reserves. It discusses the various reasons for increases or decreases in drilling activity in the various production regions of the earth. The article is broken down into the various geo-political regions and each region is described individually. These regions are described as North America, South America, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Africa, the Middle East, the Far East (China, Indonesia, Viet Nam, etc.), and the South Pacific (Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea). Information on production, pricing, and drilling is presented in tabular formats along with a narrative discussion.

  10. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Indonesia (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePriceExpected FutureLeaseEquatorial GuineaIndonesia

  11. Initial Evaluation of Processing Methods for an Epsilon Metal Waste Form

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crum, Jarrod V.; Strachan, Denis M.; Zumhoff, Mac R.

    2012-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    During irradiation of nuclear fuel in a reactor, the five metals, Mo, Pd, Rh, Ru, and Tc, migrate to the fuel grain boundaries and form small metal particles of an alloy known as epsilon metal ({var_epsilon}-metal). When the fuel is dissolved in a reprocessing plant, these metal particles remain behind with a residue - the undissolved solids (UDS). Some of these same metals that comprise this alloy that have not formed the alloy are dissolved into the aqueous stream. These metals limit the waste loading for a borosilicate glass that is being developed for the reprocessing wastes. Epsilon metal is being developed as a waste form for the noble metals from a number of waste streams in the aqueous reprocessing of used nuclear fuel (UNF) - (1) the {var_epsilon}-metal from the UDS, (2) soluble Tc (ion-exchanged), and (3) soluble noble metals (TRUEX raffinate). Separate immobilization of these metals has benefits other than allowing an increase in the glass waste loading. These materials are quite resistant to dissolution (corrosion) as evidenced by the fact that they survive the chemically aggressive conditions in the fuel dissolver. Remnants of {var_epsilon}-metal particles have survived in the geologically natural reactors found in Gabon, Africa, indicating that they have sufficient durability to survive for {approx} 2.5 billion years in a reducing geologic environment. Additionally, the {var_epsilon}-metal can be made without additives and incorporate sufficient foreign material (oxides) that are also present in the UDS. Although {var_epsilon}-metal is found in fuel and Gabon as small particles ({approx}10 {micro}m in diameter) and has survived intact, an ideal waste form is one in which the surface area is minimized. Therefore, the main effort in developing {var_epsilon}-metal as a waste form is to develop a process to consolidate the particles into a monolith. Individually, these metals have high melting points (2617 C for Mo to 1552 C for Pd) and the alloy is expected to have a high melting point as well, perhaps exceeding 1500 C. The purpose of the work reported here is to find a potential commercial process with which {var_epsilon}-metal plus other components of UDS can be consolidated into a solid with minimum surface area and high strength Here, we report the results from the preliminary evaluation of spark-plasma sintering (SPS), hot-isostatic pressing (HIP), and microwave sintering (MS). Since bulk {var_epsilon}-metal is not available and companies could not handle radioactive materials, we prepared mixtures of the five individual metal powders (Mo, Ru, Rh, Pd, and Re) and baddeleyite (ZrO{sub 2}) to send the vendors of SPS, HIP, and MS. The processed samples were then evaluated at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for bulk density and phase assemblage with X-ray diffraction (XRD) and phase composition with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Physical strength was evaluated qualitatively. Results of these scoping tests showed that fully dense cermet (ceramic-metal composite) materials with up to 35 mass% of ZrO{sub 2} were produced with SPS and HIP. Bulk density of the SPS samples ranged from 87 to 98% of theoretical density, while HIP samples ranged from 96 to 100% of theoretical density. Microwave sintered samples containing ZrO{sub 2} had low densities of 55 to 60% of theoretical density. Structurally, the cermet samples showed that the individual metals alloyed in to {var_epsilon}-phase - hexagonal-close-packed (HCP) alloy (4-95 mass %), the {alpha}-phase - face-centered-cubic (FCC) alloy structure (3-86 mass %), while ZrO{sub 2} remained in the monoclinic structure of baddeleyite. Elementally, the samples appeared to have nearly uniform composition, but with some areas rich in Mo and Re, the two components with the highest melting points. The homogeneity in distribution of the elements in the alloy is significantly improved in the presence of ZrO{sub 2}. However, ZrO{sub 2} does not appear to react with the alloy, nor was Zr found in the alloy.

  12. A precise narrow-beam filter infrared radiometer and its use with lidar in the ARM Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Platt, C.M.R.

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first six months of the grant (December 1991--May 1992) have been taken up with the design and specification for the new narrow-beam radiometer. The radiometer will be built and tested at the Division of Atmospheric Research over the next three months. Improved algorithms for obtaining cloud extinction have also been developed. It is proposed during 1993 to use the radiometer in conjunction with a new CSIRO 3-wavelength lidar in the ARM PROBE experiment at Kavieng, New Guinea, which is a test mission under tropical conditions for the ARM CART Tropical West Pacific site, and is part of the TOGA COARE experiment. During the latter part of 1992, the radiometer will be tested thoroughly and tested at the Division of Atmospheric Research, Aspendale.

  13. A precise narrow-beam filter infrared radiometer and its use with lidar in the ARM Program. Progress report, 1 December 1991--31 May 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Platt, C.M.R.

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first six months of the grant (December 1991--May 1992) have been taken up with the design and specification for the new narrow-beam radiometer. The radiometer will be built and tested at the Division of Atmospheric Research over the next three months. Improved algorithms for obtaining cloud extinction have also been developed. It is proposed during 1993 to use the radiometer in conjunction with a new CSIRO 3-wavelength lidar in the ARM PROBE experiment at Kavieng, New Guinea, which is a test mission under tropical conditions for the ARM CART Tropical West Pacific site, and is part of the TOGA COARE experiment. During the latter part of 1992, the radiometer will be tested thoroughly and tested at the Division of Atmospheric Research, Aspendale.

  14. C-Band Scanning ARM Precipitation Radar (C-SAPR) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Widener, K; Bharadwaj, N

    2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The C-band scanning ARM precipitation radar (C-SAPR) is a scanning polarimetric Doppler radar transmitting simultaneously in both H and V polarizations. With a 350-kW magnetron transmitter, this puts 125 kW of transmitted power for each polarization. The receiver for the C-SAPR is a National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) -developed Hi-Q system operating in a coherent-on-receive mode. The ARM Climate Research Facility operates two C-SAPRs; one of them is deployed near the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility near the triangular array of X-SAPRs, and the second C-SAPR is deployed at ARM’s Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea.

  15. Darwin : The Third DOE ARM TWP ARCS Site /

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clements, William E.; Jones, L. A. (Larry A.); Baldwin, T. (Tony); Nitschke, K. (Kim)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Department of Energy's (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program began operations in its Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) locale in October 1996 when the first Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Station (ARCS) began collecting data on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Two years later, in November 1998, a second ARCS began operations on the island of Nauru in the Central Pacific. Now a third ARCS has begun collecting data in Darwin, Australia. The Manus, Nauru, and Darwin sites are operated through collaborative agreements with the PNG National Weather Service, The Nauru Department of Industry and Economic Development (IED), and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology's (BOM) Special Services Unit (SSU) respectively. All ARM TWP activities in the region are coordinated with the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) based in Apia, Samoa. The Darwin ARM site and its role in the ARM TWP Program are discussed.

  16. Regional stratigraphy and petroleum geology, North Africa-Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, J.A. (Univ. of Montana, Missoula (United States))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The North Africa-Middle East petroleum provinces are part of the broad sedimentary platform that occupied the northern and northeastern borders of the African-Arabian craton adjacent to the ancestral Hercynian (late Paleozoic) and subsequent Tethyan-Alpine oceans. Carbonate-clastic-evaporite sediments of infra-Cambrian through Holocene age were cyclically deposited in a relatively continuous belt around the eastern and northern borders of the craton, mainly on a broad, shallow-water platform adjacent to the proto-Tethys and Tethys seaway. The Paleozoic section reaches a substantial thickness in the subsurface of the Middle East and in northern Africa adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea, but all or part of it is absent because of nondeposition or erosion over much of the region. Post-Paleozoic deposition was more or less continuous across the entire craton border region in the Middle East and along the northern border of the Sahara platform in North Africa and in Somalia and eastern Ethiopia. Similar marine and associated sedimentary rock facies are present in all of these regions, although paleotectonic-stratigraphic interrelationships and continental paleolatitude positions have greatly affected petroleum generation and accumulation in the specific provinces along the craton border. A series of regional stratigraphic-sedimentary environment, and continental position, layer maps illustrates the relative influence of these factors through geologic time with respect to the relationship between petroleum reservoirs, source rocks, and confining rock facies.

  17. Inhalation toxicology of red and violet mixtures. Chamber concentration and particle-size distribution report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higuchi, M.A.; Davies, D.W.

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An inhalation exposure facility was developed at the U.S. EPA, RTP, NC to conduct inhalation exposures of rodents and guinea pigs to dye mixtures used by the U.S. Army in the manufacture of smoke munitions. Initially, an evaluation of the prototype chamber aerosol homogeneity was conducted to determine the uniformity and reproducibility of the concentration and particle size of dye aerosol throughout the breathing zone of the test animals. The three dyes, DR11, SR1, and DB3, were chemically analyzed for purity and optically examined for size and shape. All pure dyes appeared to be stable at room temperature except DB3, which decomposes if not stored at 4 C. The particle size ranges varied for each pure dye and structures were either amorphous (azo dye) or crystalline (anthraquinone dyes). The bulk red and violet dye mixtures were analyzed for composition. The chemical analysis of the relative composition of each dye mixture, collected by cascade impactor sampling, revealed fractionation of the mixtures into component dyes.

  18. LFSC - Linac Feedback Simulation Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ivanov, Valentin; /Fermilab

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The computer program LFSC () is a numerical tool for simulation beam based feedback in high performance linacs. The code LFSC is based on the earlier version developed by a collective of authors at SLAC (L.Hendrickson, R. McEwen, T. Himel, H. Shoaee, S. Shah, P. Emma, P. Schultz) during 1990-2005. That code was successively used in simulation of SLC, TESLA, CLIC and NLC projects. It can simulate as pulse-to-pulse feedback on timescale corresponding to 5-100 Hz, as slower feedbacks, operating in the 0.1-1 Hz range in the Main Linac and Beam Delivery System. The code LFSC is running under Matlab for MS Windows operating system. It contains about 30,000 lines of source code in more than 260 subroutines. The code uses the LIAR ('Linear Accelerator Research code') for particle tracking under ground motion and technical noise perturbations. It uses the Guinea Pig code to simulate the luminosity performance. A set of input files includes the lattice description (XSIF format), and plane text files with numerical parameters, wake fields, ground motion data etc. The Matlab environment provides a flexible system for graphical output.

  19. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    None

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Comparisons between the fecal microbiota of humans from industrialized and non-industrialized communities indicate a pronounced impact of westernization on the diversity and composition of the human gut microbiota. However, the exact consequences of westernization on community characteristics are still insufficiently understood, and the ecological processes that drive differences have not been elucidated. Here we have compared the fecal microbiota of adults from two non-industrialized regions in Papua New Guinea (PNG) with that of United States (US) residents. Papua New Guineans harbor communities with greater bacterial diversity but lower inter-individual variation. Although the fecal microbiota in PNG and US was largelymore »dominated by shared bacterial lineages, the relative abundance of 25 families, 45 genera, and 230 species-level OTUs differed, and 47 core OTUs in PNG were undetectable in US residents. To gain insight into the ecological mechanisms that cause the observed differences, we quantified community assembly processes in PNG and US microbiomes using a null modeling approach. This analysis demonstrated a significant higher rate of bacterial dispersal in PNG and divergent selective environments in the US. Interestingly, equivalent findings were obtained for other datasets comparing industrialized and non-industrialized microbiomes. Overall, the findings demonstrate a dominant role for microbial dispersal in shaping the human gut microbiota in non-industrialized societies, and point to differential selection pressures across individuals as a major factor shaping microbiomes associated with modern lifestyle.« less

  20. Observations of tropical cirrus properties in the pilot radiation observation experiment using lidar and the CSIRO ARM filter radiometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Platt, C.M.R.; Young, S.A.; Manson, P.J.; Patterson, G.R. [CSIRO, Victoria (Australia)

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A narrow beam fast filter radiometer has been developed for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. The radiometer is intended to operate alongside a lidar at ARM sites in a lidar/radiometer (LIRAD) configuration. The radiometer detects in three narrow bands at 8.62-, 10.86-, and 12.04-m central wavelengths in the atmospheric window. In addition, it has a variable field aperture that varies the radiance incident on the detector and also allows the field of view to be tailored to that of a lidar used in the LIRAD technique. The radiometer was deployed in the ARM Pilot Radiation Observation Experiment (PROBE) at Kavieng, Papua New Guinea in January-February 1993. The radiometer worked satisfactorily and appeared to be very stable. The radiometer was compared with a previous CSIRO radiometer and the improved performance of the ARM instrument was very evident. The ARM radiometer was also compared with a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Environmental Technology Laboratories (ETL) interferometer and gave closely equivalent radiances. The LIRAD method was used at Kavieng to obtain the optical properties of cirrus clouds. Continuous observations of water vapor path obtained by the NOAA ETL microwave radiometer were employed to allow for the strong tropical water vapor absorption and emission. Cirrus cells that developed on one morning, independent of other clouds, had measured infrared emittances varying from <0.1 to 1.0.

  1. A precise passive narrow-beam filter infrared radiometer and its use with LIDAR in the ARM program. Progress report, 1 June 1992--31 May 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Platt, C.M.R.

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The work done divides conveniently into two parts. First, the completion of the design and manufacture of the new narrow-beam radiometer, which occupied the period of July to December, 1992. The second part of the report concerns participation of the CSIRO Division of Atmospheric Research (DAR) Lidar/radiometer team in the ARM PROBE experiment at Kavieng, New Ireland, Papua New Guinea as part of the international TOGA COARE experiment. The DAR team participated for about one month from mid-January. The PROBE experiment allowed the new radiometer to be tested under field conditions, a test which was very successful, with very few teething problems. It is proposed during the rest of 1993 and during 1994 to make further tests with the radiometer and particularly to look at using a stirling cycle liquid nitrogen detector to obviate the need for supplies of liquid nitrogen. It is proposed further during 1994 to carry out a thorough analysis of the PROBE data and collaborate with other US PROBE participants in studying and interpreting the observations as a whole. Some further work with the new ARM radiometer will be done during the CSIRO SOCEX experiment.

  2. Human radiation experiments associated with the US Department of Energy and its predecessors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains a listing, description, and selected references for documented human radiation experiments sponsored, supported, or performed by the US Department of Energy (DOE) or its predecessors, including the US Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA), the US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), the Manhattan Engineer District (MED), and the Off ice of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD). The list represents work completed by DOE`s Off ice of Human Radiation Experiments (OHRE) through June 1995. The experiment list is available on the Internet via a Home Page on the World Wide Web (http://www.ohre.doe.gov). The Home Page also includes the full text of Human Radiation Experiments. The Department of Energy Roadmap to the Story and the Records (DOE/EH-0445), published in February 1995, to which this publication is a supplement. This list includes experiments released at Secretary O`Leary`s June 1994 press conference, as well as additional studies identified during the 12 months that followed. Cross-references are provided for experiments originally released at the press conference; for experiments released as part of The DOE Roadmap; and for experiments published in the 1986 congressional report entitled American Nuclear Guinea Pigs: Three Decades of Radiation Experiments on US Citizens. An appendix of radiation terms is also provided.

  3. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) Site.

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    ARM maintains four major, permanent sites for data collection and deploys the ARM Mobile Facility to other sites as determined. The Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site is one of the four fixed sites. It consists of three climate research facilities; the Manus facility on Los Negros Island in Manus, Papua New Guinea (established in 1996); the Nauru facility on Nauru Island, Republic of Nauru (1998); and the Darwin facility in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia (2002). The operations are supported by government agencies in each host country. Covering the area roughly between 10 degrees N and 10 degrees S of the equator and from 130 degrees E to 167 degrees E, the TWP locale includes a region that plays a large role in the interannual variability observed in the global climate system. More than 250,000 TWP data sets from 1996 to the present reside in the ARM Archive. Begin at the TWP information page for links or access data directly from the ARM Archive at http://www.archive.arm.gov/. Users will need to register for a password, but all files are then free for viewing or downloading. The ARM Archive physically resides at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

  4. Binding of iron, zinc, and lead ions from aqueous solution by shea butter (Butyrospermun Parkii) seed husks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eromosele, I.C.; Otitolaye, O.O. (Federal Univ. of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State (Nigeria))

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several workers have reported on the potential use of agricultural products as substrates for the removal of metal ions from aqueous solutions. These studies demonstrated that considerable amounts of metal ions can be removed from aqueous solutions by cellulosic materials. The merit in the use of the latter is their relative abundance and cheapness compared to conventional materials for the removal of toxic metal ions from waste-waters. In some of the studies, chemical modification of cellulosic materials significantly enhanced their ion-binding properties, providing greater flexibility in their applications to a wide range of heavy metal ions. Shea butter plant (Butyrospermun Parkii) normally grows in the wild within the guinea-savana zone of Nigeria. The seeds are a rich source of edible oils and the husks are usually discarded. The husk is thus available in abundance and, hence, there is reason to examine its ion-binding properties for its possible application in the removal of toxic metal ions from industrial waste-waters. This paper reports on preliminary studies of the sorption of iron, zinc and lead ions from aqueous solution by modified and unmodified shea butter seed husks. 8 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  5. Spinal Cord Tolerance in the Age of Spinal Radiosurgery: Lessons From Preclinical Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Medin, Paul M., E-mail: Paul.medin@utsouthwestern.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (United States); Boike, Thomas P. [Department of Radiation Oncology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (United States)

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Clinical implementation of spinal radiosurgery has increased rapidly in recent years, but little is known regarding human spinal cord tolerance to single-fraction irradiation. In contrast, preclinical studies in single-fraction spinal cord tolerance have been ongoing since the 1970s. The influences of field length, dose rate, inhomogeneous dose distributions, and reirradiation have all been investigated. This review summarizes literature regarding single-fraction spinal cord tolerance in preclinical models with an emphasis on practical clinical significance. The outcomes of studies that incorporate uniform irradiation are surprisingly consistent among multiple small- and large-animal models. Extensive investigation of inhomogeneous dose distributions in the rat has demonstrated a significant dose-volume effect while preliminary results from one pig study are contradictory. Preclinical spinal cord dose-volume studies indicate that dose distribution is more critical than the volume irradiated suggesting that neither dose-volume histogram analysis nor absolute volume constraints are effective in predicting complications. Reirradiation data are sparse, but results from guinea pig, rat, and pig studies are consistent with the hypothesis that the spinal cord possesses a large capacity for repair. The mechanisms behind the phenomena observed in spinal cord studies are not readily explained and the ability of dose response models to predict outcomes is variable underscoring the need for further investigation. Animal studies provide insight into the phenomena and mechanisms of radiosensitivity but the true significance of animal studies can only be discovered through clinical trials.

  6. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    None

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Comparisons between the fecal microbiota of humans from industrialized and non-industrialized communities indicate a pronounced impact of westernization on the diversity and composition of the human gut microbiota. However, the exact consequences of westernization on community characteristics are still insufficiently understood, and the ecological processes that drive differences have not been elucidated. Here we have compared the fecal microbiota of adults from two non-industrialized regions in Papua New Guinea (PNG) with that of United States (US) residents. Papua New Guineans harbor communities with greater bacterial diversity but lower inter-individual variation. Although the fecal microbiota in PNG and US was largely dominated by shared bacterial lineages, the relative abundance of 25 families, 45 genera, and 230 species-level OTUs differed, and 47 core OTUs in PNG were undetectable in US residents. To gain insight into the ecological mechanisms that cause the observed differences, we quantified community assembly processes in PNG and US microbiomes using a null modeling approach. This analysis demonstrated a significant higher rate of bacterial dispersal in PNG and divergent selective environments in the US. Interestingly, equivalent findings were obtained for other datasets comparing industrialized and non-industrialized microbiomes. Overall, the findings demonstrate a dominant role for microbial dispersal in shaping the human gut microbiota in non-industrialized societies, and point to differential selection pressures across individuals as a major factor shaping microbiomes associated with modern lifestyle.

  7. Establishing a Point of Departure for Risk Assessment Using Acute Inhalation Toxicology Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bast, Cheryl B [ORNL; Rusch, George M. [Honeywell International; Cavender, Finis [Consultant

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple method is presented for estimating a non-lethal level for inhalation toxicity studies. By reviewing 209 LC50 studies representing 96 chemicals that also reported a non-lethal level, it has been shown that taking 1/3 of the LC50 is a conservative estimate for a non-lethal exposure level. This approach was also compared to studies with LC01 and BMCL05 calculations. In the 38 studies that reported either of these values, again taking 1/3 of the LC50 provided a more conservation estimate for the non-lethal threshold. The studies included time intervals from 5 minutes out to 8 hours and utilized multiple species such as the rat, mouse, hamster, guinea pig and dog. In all but 13 cases, taking 1/3 of the LC50 provided a more conservative estimate for a non-lethal exposure level compared to the experimentally observed value. In all but one of the 13 cases, the higher values were consequences of the selection of the exposure levels.

  8. Structural/functional relationships between internal and external MSH receptors: modulation of expression in Cloudman melanoma cells by UVB radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chakraborty, A.K.; Orlow, S.J.; Bolognia, J.L.; Pawelek, J.M. (Department of Dermatology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT (USA))

    1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Expression of internal receptors for MSH is an important criterion for responsiveness to MSH by Cloudman melanoma cells. Here, we show that internal and external receptors for MSH are of identical molecular weights (50-53 kDa) and share common antigenic determinants, indicating a structural relationship between the 2 populations of molecules. The internal receptors co-purified with a sub-cellular fraction highly enriched for small vesicles, many of which were coated. Ultraviolet B light (UVB) acted synergistically with MSH to increase tyrosinase activity and melanin content of cultured Cloudman melanoma cells, consistent with previous findings in the skin of mice and guinea pigs. Preceding the rise in tyrosinase activity in cultured cells, UVB elicited a decrease in internal MSH binding sites and a concomitant increase in external sites. The time frame for the UVB effects on MSH receptors and melanogenesis, 48 hours, was similar to that for a response to solar radiation in humans. Together, the results indicate a key role for MSH receptors in the induction of melanogenesis by UVB and suggest a potential mechanism of action for UVB: redistribution of MSH receptors with a resultant increase in cellular responsiveness to MSH.

  9. ARM Research in the Equatorial Western Pacific: A Decade and Counting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Long, Charles N.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Del Genio, Anthony D.; Minnis, Patrick; Ackerman, Thomas P.; Mather, James H.; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Mace, Gerald G.; Jensen, Michael; Jakob, Christian

    2013-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The tropical western Pacific (TWP) is an important climatic region. Strong solar heating, warm sea surface temperatures and the annual progression of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) across this region generate abundant convective systems, which through their effects on the heat and water budgets have a profound impact on global climate and precipitation. To accurately represent tropical cloud systems in models, measurements of tropical clouds, the environment in which they reside, and their impact on the radiation and water budgets are needed. Because of the remote location, ground-based datasets of cloud, atmosphere, and radiation properties from the TWP region have traditionally come primarily from short-term field experiments. While providing extremely useful information on physical processes, these datasets are limited in statistical and climatological information because of their short duration. To provide long-term measurements of the surface radiation budget in the tropics, and the atmospheric properties that affect it, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program established a measurement site on Manus Island, Papua New Guinea in 1996 and on the island republic of Nauru in late 1998. These sites provide unique datasets available from more than 10 years of operation in the equatorial western Pacific on Manus and Nauru. We present examples of the scientific use of these datasets including characterization of cloud properties, analysis of cloud radiative forcing, model studies of tropical clouds and processes, and validation of satellite algorithms. We also note new instrumentation recently installed at the Manus site that will expand opportunities for tropical atmospheric science.

  10. Epsilon Metal Summary Report FY 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strachan, Denis M.; Crum, Jarrod V.; Zumhoff, Mac R.; Bovaird, Chase C.; Windisch, Charles F.; Riley, Brian J.

    2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Epsilon-metal ({var_epsilon}-metal) phase was selected in FY 2009 as a potential waste form to for immobilizing the noble metals found in the undissolved solids + aqueous stream, and the soluble Tc from ion-exchange process, each resulting from proposed aqueous reprocessing. {var_epsilon}-metal phase is observed in used nuclear fuel and the natural reactors of Oklobono in Gabon, where the long-term corrosion behavior was demonstrated. This makes {var_epsilon}-metal a very attractive waste form. Last fiscal year, {var_epsilon}-metal was successfully fabricated by combining the five-metals, Mo, Ru, Rh, Pd and Re (surrogate for Tc), into pellets followed by consolidation with an arc melter. The arc melter produced fully dense samples with the epsilon structure. However, some chemistry differences were observed in the microstructure that resulted in regions rich in Re and Mo, and others rich in Pd, while Ru and Rh remained fairly constant throughout. This year, thermal stability (air), and corrosion testing of the samples fabricated by arc melting were the main focus for experimental work. Thermal stability was measured with a differential scanning calorimeter - thermogravimetric analyzer, by both ramp heating as well as step heating. There is clear evidence during the ramp heating experiment of an exothermic event + a weight loss peak both beginning at {approx}700 C. Step heating showed an oxidation event at {approx}690 C with minimal weight gain that occurs just before the weight loss event at 700 C. The conclusion being that the e-metal begins to oxidize and then become volatile. These findings are useful for considering the effects of voloxidation process. Three different pellets were subjected to electrochemical testing to study the corrosion behavior of the epsilon-metal phase in various conditions, namely acidic, basic, saline, and inert. Test was done according to an interim procedure developed for the alloy metal waste form. First an open circuit potential was measured, followed by linear polarization sweeps. The linear polarization sweep range was the Tafel equation was fit to the linear polarization sweep data to determine the corrosion rate of each pellet in each test solution. The average calculated corrosion rates of the three pellets according to solution conditions were: -1.91 x 10{sup -4} mm/yr (0.001 M NaOH), -1.48 x 10{sup -3} mm/yr (0.01 M NaCl), -8.77 x 10{sup -4} mm/yr (0.001 M H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}), -2.09 x 10{sup -3} mm/yr (0.001 M NaOH + 0.01 M NaCl), and -1.54 x 10{sup -3} mm/yr (0.001 M H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} + 0.01 M NaCl). Three single-pass flow through (SPFT) test were conducted at a flow rate of 10 ml/day, at 90 C, and pH of 2.5, 7.0, and 9.0 for up to 322 days. Results of the tests indicate that dissolution rates were 5 x 10{sup -4} g m{sup 2} d{sup -1} at pH 9.0, 1.2 x 10{sup -4} g m{sup -2} d{sup -1} at pH 7.0, and 2 x 10{sup -4} g m{sup -2} d{sup -1} at pH 2.5. The sample used for the pH 7.0 SPFT test contains extra Re compared to samples used for the other two SPFT test, which came from a single pellet. The corrosion data measured this year indicate that the {var_epsilon}-metal phase is chemically durable. The two chemically different phases, but structurally the same, behave differently during dissolution according to the microstructure changes observed in both the electrochemical and in SPFT test. Characterization of the test specimens after testing suggests that the dissolution is complex and involves oxidative dissolution followed by precipitation of both oxide and metallic phases. These data suggest that the dissolution in the electrochemical and SPFT tests is different; a process that needs further investigation.

  11. The evolution and hydrocarbon habitat of the Papuan fold belt, PNG

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dalton, D.G.; Smith, R.I.; Cawley, S.J. (BP Australia Ltd., Melbourne, Victoria (Australia))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After over 70 years of hydrocarbon exploration in the Papuan fold belt of PNG (Papua New Guinea) there have been a number of hydrocarbon discoveries over recent years that have confirmed its potential as a significant producing province. The Papuan basin developed during the early Mesozoic as part of the northeast corner of the Australian passive margin. The basin's tertiary evolution and the development of the Papuan fold belt within the Papuan basin has evolved in response to oblique convergence between the northerly moving Australian plate and westerly moving Pacific plate. Restacking of the Mesozoic passive margin sequence within the Papuan Basin was initiated in the early miocene by southward abduction of the Solomon Sea plate and the subsequent collision, in the late Miocene, of the Melanesian Island arc along the northeastern margin of PNG. This later collision provided the driving mechanism for the development of the papuan thrust belt. To date, all the significant hydrocarbon discoveries made within the Papuan fold belt have been located within the frontal zone of the fold belt, which is characterized by relatively simple ramp anticlines and thick-skinned inversion structures. The primary proven reservoir fairway is the Jurassic Toro formation, which is a sequence of stacked submarine bars prograding out across a shallow-marine low-gradient shelf. Geochemical analysis of produced hydrocarbons and samples collected from the many surface seeps found in the fold belt indicate two main families of oil. A model explains the distribution of hydrocarbons discovered to date, which involves Jurassic and Cretaceous source intervals and a complex history of secondary migration and entrapment. The unique technical problems associated with exploration of the Papuan fold belt leave many elements of the proven play systems uncertain, but in so doing, they present many challenges and opportunities for the future.

  12. Late Ordovician geographic patterns of extinction compared with simulations of astrophysical ionizing radiation damage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adrian L. Melott; Brian C. Thomas

    2009-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on the intensity and rates of various kinds of intense ionizing radiation events such as supernovae and gamma-ray bursts, it is likely that the Earth has been subjected to one or extinction level events during the Phanerozoic. These induce changes in atmospheric chemistry so that the level of Solar ultraviolet-B radiation reaching the surface and near-surface waters may be doubled for up to a decade. This UVB level is known from experiment to be more than enough to kill off many kinds of organisms, particularly phytoplankton. It could easily induce a crash of the photosynthetic-based food chain in the oceans. Regularities in the latitudinal distribution of damage are apparent in simulations of the atmospheric changes. We previously proposed that the late Ordovician extinction is a plausible candidate for a contribution from an ionizing radiation event, based on environmental selectivity in trilobites. To test a null hypothesis based on this proposal, we confront latitudinal differential extinction rates predicted from the simulations with data from a published analysis of latitudinal gradients in the Ordovician extinction. The pattern of UVB damage always shows a strong maximum at some latitude, with substantially lower intensity to the north and south of this maximum. We find that the pattern of damage predicted from our simulations is consistent with the data assuming a burst approximately over the South Pole, and no further north than -75 degrees. We predict that any land mass (such as parts of north China, Laurentia, and New Guinea) which then lay north of the equator should be a refuge from UVB effects, and show a different pattern of extinction in the first strike of the end-Ordovician extinction, if induced by such a radiation event.

  13. The formation and maintenance of single-thread tie channels entering floodplain lakes: observations from three diverse river systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rowland, Joel C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dietrich, William E [UC BERKELEY; Day, Geoff [NEWCREST MINING; Parker, Gary [UNIV OF ILLINOIS

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tie channels connect rivers to floodplain lakes on many lowland rivers and thereby play a central role in floodplain sedimentology and ecology, yet they are generally unrecognized and little studied. here we report the results of field studies focused on tie channel origin and morphodynamics in three contrasting systems: the Middle Fly River, Papua New Guinea, the Lower Mississippi River, and Birch Creek in Alaska. Across these river systems, tie channels vary by an order of magnitude in size but exhibit the same characteristic morphology and appear to develop and evolve by a similar set of processes. In all three systems, the channels are characterized by a narrow, leveed single-thread morphology with maximum width approximately one tenth the width of the mainstem river. The channels typically have a V shaped cross-section, unlike most fluvial channels. These channels develop as lakes become isolated from the river by sedimentation. Narrowing of the connection between river and lake causes a sediment-laden jet to develop. Levees develop along the margins of the jet leading to channel emergence and eventual levee aggradation to the height of the mainstem levees. Bi-directional flow in these channels is common. Outflows from the lake scour sediment and prevent channel blockage. We propose that channel geometry and size are then controlled by a dynamic balance between channel narrowing by suspended sediment deposition and incision and widening by mass failure of banks during outflows. Tie channels are laterally stable and may convey flow for hundreds to a few thousand of years.

  14. Anti-addiction drug ibogaine inhibits voltage-gated ionic currents: A study to assess the drug's cardiac ion channel profile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koenig, Xaver; Kovar, Michael; Rubi, Lena; Mike, Agnes K.; Lukacs, Peter; Gawali, Vaibhavkumar S.; Todt, Hannes [Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Department of Neurophysiology and -pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna (Austria); Hilber, Karlheinz, E-mail: karlheinz.hilber@meduniwien.ac.at [Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Department of Neurophysiology and -pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna (Austria); Sandtner, Walter [Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Institute of Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna (Austria)

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The plant alkaloid ibogaine has promising anti-addictive properties. Albeit not licenced as a therapeutic drug, and despite hints that ibogaine may perturb the heart rhythm, this alkaloid is used to treat drug addicts. We have recently reported that ibogaine inhibits human ERG (hERG) potassium channels at concentrations similar to the drugs affinity for several of its known brain targets. Thereby the drug may disturb the heart's electrophysiology. Here, to assess the drug's cardiac ion channel profile in more detail, we studied the effects of ibogaine and its congener 18-Methoxycoronaridine (18-MC) on various cardiac voltage-gated ion channels. We confirmed that heterologously expressed hERG currents are reduced by ibogaine in low micromolar concentrations. Moreover, at higher concentrations, the drug also reduced human Na{sub v}1.5 sodium and Ca{sub v}1.2 calcium currents. Ion currents were as well reduced by 18-MC, yet with diminished potency. Unexpectedly, although blocking hERG channels, ibogaine did not prolong the action potential (AP) in guinea pig cardiomyocytes at low micromolar concentrations. Higher concentrations (? 10 ?M) even shortened the AP. These findings can be explained by the drug's calcium channel inhibition, which counteracts the AP-prolonging effect generated by hERG blockade. Implementation of ibogaine's inhibitory effects on human ion channels in a computer model of a ventricular cardiomyocyte, on the other hand, suggested that ibogaine does prolong the AP in the human heart. We conclude that therapeutic concentrations of ibogaine have the propensity to prolong the QT interval of the electrocardiogram in humans. In some cases this may lead to cardiac arrhythmias. - Highlights: • We study effects of anti-addiction drug ibogaine on ionic currents in cardiomyocytes. • We assess the cardiac ion channel profile of ibogaine. • Ibogaine inhibits hERG potassium, sodium and calcium channels. • Ibogaine’s effects on ion channels are a potential source of cardiac arrhythmias. • 18-Methoxycoronaridine has a lower affinity for cardiac ion channels than ibogaine.

  15. Radiative Heating of the ISCCP Upper Level Cloud Regimes and its Impact on the Large-scale Tropical Circulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Wei; Schumacher, Courtney; McFarlane, Sally A.

    2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiative heating profiles of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) cloud regimes (or weather states) were estimated by matching ISCCP observations with radiative properties derived from cloud radar and lidar measurements from the Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) sites at Manus, Papua New Guinea, and Darwin, Australia. Focus was placed on the ISCCP cloud regimes containing the majority of upper level clouds in the tropics, i.e., mesoscale convective systems (MCSs), deep cumulonimbus with cirrus, mixed shallow and deep convection, and thin cirrus. At upper levels, these regimes have average maximum cloud occurrences ranging from 30% to 55% near 12 km with variations depending on the location and cloud regime. The resulting radiative heating profiles have maxima of approximately 1 K/day near 12 km, with equal heating contributions from the longwave and shortwave components. Upper level minima occur near 15 km, with the MCS regime showing the strongest cooling of 0.2 K/day and the thin cirrus showing no cooling. The gradient of upper level heating ranges from 0.2 to 0.4 K/(day?km), with the most convectively active regimes (i.e., MCSs and deep cumulonimbus with cirrus) having the largest gradient. When the above heating profiles were applied to the 25-year ISCCP data set, the tropics-wide average profile has a radiative heating maximum of 0.45Kday-1 near 250 hPa. Column-integrated radiative heating of upper level cloud accounts for about 20% of the latent heating estimated by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Precipitation Radar (PR). The ISCCP radiative heating of tropical upper level cloud only slightly modifies the response of an idealized primitive equation model forced with the tropics-wide TRMM PR latent heating, which suggests that the impact of upper level cloud is more important to large-scale tropical circulation variations because of convective feedbacks rather than direct forcing by the cloud radiative heating profiles. However, the height of the radiative heating maxima and gradient of the heating profiles are important to determine the sign and patterns of the horizontal circulation anomaly driven by radiative heating at upper levels.

  16. Candidate mosaic proteins for a pan-filoviral cytotoxic T-Cell lymphocyte vaccine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fenimore, Paul W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fischer, William M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kuiken, Carla [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Foley, Brian T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thurmond, J R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yusim, K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Korber, B T [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The extremely high fatality rates of many filovirus (FILV) strains the recurrent but rarely identified origin of human epidemics, the only partly identified viral reservoirs and the continuing non-human primate epizootics in Africa make a broadly-protective filovirus vaccine highly desirable. Cytotoxic T-cells (CTL) have been shown to be protective in mice, guinea pigs and non-human primates. In murine models the cytotoxic T-cell epitopes that are protective against Ebola virus have been mapped and in non-human primates CTL-mediated protection between viral strains (John Dye: specify) has been demonstrated using two filoviral proteins, nucleoprotein (NP) and glycoprotein (GP). These immunological results suggest that the CTL avenue of immunity deserves consideration for a vaccine. The poorly-understood viral reservoirs means that it is difficult to predict what strains are likely to cause epidemics. Thus, there is a premium on developing a pan-filoviral vaccine. The genetic diversity of FILV is large, roughly the same scale as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This presents a serious challenge for the vaccine designer because a traditional vaccine aspiring to pan-filoviral coverage is likely to require the inclusion of many antigenic reagents. A recent method for optimizing cytotoxic T-cell lymphocyte epitope coverage with mosaic antigens was successful in improving potential CTL epitope coverage against HIV and may be useful in the context of very different viruses, such as the filoviruses discussed here. Mosaic proteins are recombinants composed of fragments of wild-type proteins joined at locations resulting in exclusively natural k-mers, 9 {le} k {le} 15, and having approximately the same length as the wild-type proteins. The use of mosaic antigens is motivated by three conjectures: (1) optimizing a mosaic protein to maximize coverage of k-mers found in a set of reference proteins will give better odds of including broadly-protective CTL epitopes in a vaccine than is possible with a wild-type protein, (2) reducing the number of low-prevalence k-mers minimizes the likelihood of undesirable immunodominance, and (3) excluding exogenous k-mers will result in mosaic proteins whose processing for presentation is close to what occurs with wild-type proteins. The first and second applications of the mosaic method were to HIV and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). HIV is the virus with the largest number of known sequences, and consequently a plethora of information for the CTL vaccine designer to incorporate into their mosaics. Experience with HIV and HCV mosaics supports the validity of the three conjectures above. The available FILV sequences are probably closer to the minimum amount of information needed to make a meaningful mosaic vaccine candidate. There were 532 protein sequences in the National Institutes of Health GenPept database in November 2007 when our reference set was downloaded. These sequences come from both Ebola and Marburg viruses (EBOV and MARV), representing transcripts of all 7 genes. The coverage of viral diversity by the 7 genes is variable, with genes 1 (nucleoprotein, NP), 4 (glycoprotein, GP; soluble glycoprotein, sGP) and 7 (polymerase, L) giving the best coverage. Broadly-protective vaccine candidates for diverse viruses, such as HIV or Hepatitis C virus (HCV) have required pools of antigens. FILV is similar in this regard. While we have designed CTL mosaic proteins using all 7 types of filoviral proteins, only NP, GP and L proteins are reported here. If it were important to include other proteins in a mosaic CTL vaccine, additional sequences would be required to cover the space of known viral diversity.