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Sample records for guinea ethiopia gabon

  1. An Overview of World Tropical Hardwood Resources, Forest Products Trade and Environmental Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea

  2. The Nile Basin Initiative in Ethiopia: Voices from Addis Ababa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulds, Kim

    2006-01-01

    Ethiopia more negotiating power. Egypt, however, does notEgypt must trust that Ethiopia will export and sell their power

  3. projet conjoint parrain par la Fondation Shell et Shell Gabon, des chercheurs de l'Institution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Robert J.

    projet conjoint parrainé par la Fondation Shell et Shell Gabon, des chercheurs de l, le Cameroun et la Guinée-Équatoriale. Le pays est baigné par un climat tropical humide avec une'orientation par écholocation des Microchiroptères représente une adaptation évolutive unique à la vie nocturne

  4. Prevention of postpartum hemorrhage: Options for home births in rural Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prata, Ndola; Holston, Martine; Potts, Malcolm

    2009-01-01

    Agency [Ethiopia] and ORC Macro. 2006. Ethiopia DemographicCentral Statistical Agency and ORC Macro. Çaliskan E, Dilbaz

  5. Record of Cycling Operation of the Natural Nuclear Reactor in the Oklo/Okelobondo Area in Gabon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Record of Cycling Operation of the Natural Nuclear Reactor in the Oklo/Okelobondo Area in Gabon A billion yr old Oklo natural nuclear reactor. In addition to elevated abundances of fission-produced Zr, Ce nuclear chain reaction was predicted by Kuroda [1] 20 years before the remnants of the natural reactor

  6. Vegetation History And Logging Disturbance: Effects On Rain Forest In The Lope Reserve, Gabon (With Special Emphasis On Elephants and Apes) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Lee JT

    An investigation of the effects of commercial mechanised selective logging on rain forest vegetation and mammals, was undertaken in the Lope Reserve, central Gabon, between January 1989 to July 1991. Vegetation in Lope ...

  7. Rural Food Security in Tigray, Ethiopia: Policy Impact Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rural Food Security in Tigray, Ethiopia: Policy Impact Evaluation Tagel Gebrehiwot March, 2008 #12;Rural Food Security in Tigary, Ethiopia: Policy Impact Evaluation by Tagel Gebrehiwot Thesis submitted on the effectiveness of food security policy in ensuring rural food security and poverty reduction in Tigray region

  8. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  9. Introduction Access to sanitation services in Ethiopia is currently

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Introduction Access to sanitation services in Ethiopia is currently reported at 43% (WaterAid, 2010 coverage in the Amhara Region increased from 4% in 2004 (OLoughlin et al., 2006) to 63% in 2010 (Water construction and excavation of waste disposal pits by going house to house. In addition, some implementers

  10. Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,LowGuinea: Energy

  11. Millions on the Margins: Music, Ethnicity, and Censorship Among the Oromo of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mollenhauer, Shawn Michael

    2011-01-01

    and Nationalism in Modern Finland. Bloomington & London:and Tigrigna). Joensuu, Finland: University of Joensuuborn in Ethiopia but moved to Finland at the age of seven or

  12. Application Form for Screening Fee Waiver, 2015 Waseda University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaji, Hajime

    , Comoros, D.P.R.Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia

  13. Application Form for Screening Fee Waiver, 2014 Waseda University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaji, Hajime

    , Comoros, D.P.R.Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia

  14. Microsoft Word - Ethiopia_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: Energy ResourcesDec 2005 WindPRO isMickey HotMicrosemi Corp JumpEthiopia Final

  15. Efficacy of artesunate-amodiaquine for treating uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa: a multi-centre analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    of Bamako, Bamako, Mali, 9 National Malaria ControlGabon, Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Demo- cratic Republic ofCameroon, Madagascar, and Mali (1 site each) [4]. Three (

  16. The structure of a Mesozoic basin beneath the Lake Tana area, Ethiopia, revealed by magnetotelluric imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that electrically resistive features in the model are related to volcanic materials intruded within the rift basin basin, northwest Ethiopia is an uplifted dome possibly related to the Afar mantle plume (Pik et al

  17. Simulation of hydrology and population dynamics of Anopheles mosquitoes around the Koka Reservoir in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Endo, Noriko S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    This thesis applies the HYDRology, Entomology and MAlaria Transmission Simulator (HYDREMATS) to the environment around a water resources reservoir in Ethiopia. HYDREMATS was modified to simulate the local hydrology and the ...

  18. Millions on the Margins: Music, Ethnicity, and Censorship Among the Oromo of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mollenhauer, Shawn Michael

    2011-01-01

    at and challenged to fight (the latter two on a regularto have swayed Oromo to fight on the side of Ethiopia rathertake over your country. Fight for your country; die for her.

  19. Millions on the Margins: Music, Ethnicity, and Censorship Among the Oromo of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mollenhauer, Shawn Michael

    2011-01-01

    37 The “African-ness” of Ethiopia……………………………………………………….47of the essential one-ness of Oromo culture (Baxter, Hultin &on or assumption of Oromo same-ness. While admitting the

  20. Petroleum Service Projects in the Gulf of Guinea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ken-Worgu, Kenneth Chukwumeka

    2011-10-21

    Liquefied Natural Gas Company FPSO Floating Production Storage and Offloading Vessel GMD Group Managing Director GOG Gulf of Guinea KRW Korean Won KW Kilowatts LNG Liquefied Natural Gas TAMU Texas A&M University MMIE Ministry of Mines, Industry... .............................................................. 103 6.7 Nontechnical Challenges .......................................................... 104 VII INSULATION PROJECT ON AGBAMI FPSO ................................. 106 7.1 Background on Envirocage...

  1. The metrics and correlates of physician migration from Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arah, OA

    2007-01-01

    South Africa Kenya Ghana Liberia Gambia Ghana EthiopiaEgypt South Africa Ghana Liberia Cape Verde Algeria MoroccoGuinea-Bissau Angola Liberia Equatorial Guinea Mauritius São

  2. Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon/14/2008 12:55:54 PM] #12;Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Volume ('000 m3 import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea Reports (commissioned

  3. Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe site) and Amazonia (24 ± 1.7 species), but was significantly lower in Europe (8 ± 0.8 species dominated in Europe, whereas New Guinea exhibited an intermediate pattern with both local and widespread

  4. Guinea-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERC Hydroelectric Projects | OpenGuinea-USAID Climate

  5. ASSESSMENT OF HYDROLOGICAL CONTROLS ON GULLY FORMATION NEAR LAKE TANA, NORTHERN HIGHLANDS OF ETHIOPIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the millennium goal of Ethiopia by preparing seedlings and planting indigenous trees for the rehabilitation Management and Environmental Protection (LaRMEP) in 2006 from Mekelle University located in the Tigray Region and Hydrology. Tigist prepared for her Master's research that was to be conducted in the Debre-Mewi watershed

  6. Mycosphaerella species associated with leaf disease of Eucalyptus globulus in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mycosphaerella species associated with leaf disease of Eucalyptus globulus in Ethiopia By Alemu), University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. E-mail: jolanda.roux@fabi.up.ac.za Summary Eucalyptus are known from Eucalyptus spp. worldwide. Of these, Mycosphaerella spp. are among the most important

  7. ASFAW ADUGNA AGERU Melkassa Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 436, Nazareth, Ethiopia, Mob. 251-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snow, Allison A.

    , Ethiopia Leadership: March 2003-July 2004, Coordinator, National Dryland Cereals Research Project for Strengthening Agricultural Research in East and Central Africa (ASARECA) Contributions in variety development and release o Sorghum varieties for the lowlands (Teshale and pipeline variety-WSV 387), introduced

  8. Seedlings of a contested modernity: new 'Green Revolution' claims and their implications on the seed sovereignty in Ethiopia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beghini, Stella

    2014-11-27

    Revolution’ in Africa. Ethiopia, a country marked by dramatic famines in the last century, is trying to adopt a paradigm lying on technological innovation, commodification of seeds and providing access to the market for smallholder farmers. This dissertation...

  9. Review: War & the Politics of Identity in Ethiopia: the making of enemies & allies in the Horn of Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidane, Saba T

    2013-01-01

    War and the Politics of Identity in Ethiopia: the Making ofISBN 978 1 84701 612 6. In War and the Politics of Identityin explaining the latest war with their friendly-neighbor-

  10. Preliminary Report on the Feeding Habits of Tunas in the Gulf of Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and 72 skipjack tuna ( Katsuwonus pelamis ), captured in the Gulf of Guinea, contained mostly fishes ( Katsuwonus pelamis) are shown in figure 1. During the surveys, 171 yellowfin and 72 skipjack tunas were

  11. A Pilot Study of Uterine Artery Embolization with Tris-Acryl Gelatin Microspheres in Guinea Pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhuang Wenquan; Tan Guosheng; Guo Wenbo, E-mail: patrickguo2008@163.com [The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Department of Interventional Radiology (China); Yang Jianyong [The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Department of Radiology (China)

    2012-06-15

    Objective: This study was designed to establish guinea pigs as an animal model for uterine artery embolization (UAE) with tris-acryl gelatin microspheres (TAGM). Methods: Twenty-five female adult guinea pigs were randomly divided into two groups, including a uterine artery casting mould group (n = 10) and a UAE group (n = 15). Pelvic angiography and vascular casting mould were performed in the first group. The anatomical characters of the pelvic cavity in guinea pigs were described. In the second group, the technical feasibility of performing UAE with TAGM in guinea pigs was investigated. The histopathological slides of the uterus of guinea pigs after UAE were examined to inspect the outcomes of UAE. Results: The uterine artery springs from the internal iliac artery, ascends tortuously along the cervix, and gives off vertically 8-10 branches to the cervix uteri and uterine horns. The diameters of the trunk of the uterine artery and its first branch were 0.32 {+-} 0.027 mm and 0.14 {+-} 0.01 mm, respectively. For UAE animals, the dosages of 40-120 and 100-300 {mu}m TAGM were 0.033 {+-} 0.003 ml and 0.015 {+-} 0.002 ml, respectively. On histopathological slides, embosphere particles were found in the first branches of the uterine artery, the subserous arteries, and the intramural arteries. Inflammatory reactions in the uterus were common in guinea pigs after UAE. Local or dispersed areas of necrosis in uterus also were observed in a few guinea pigs. Conclusions: Guinea pigs are an appropriate and feasible model for UAE with TAGM.

  12. Sources and management of hazardous waste in Papua New Guinea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, K.

    1996-12-31

    Papua New Guinea (PNG) has considerable mineral wealth, especially in gold and copper. Large-scale mining takes place, and these activities are the source of most of PNG`s hazardous waste. Most people live in small farming communities throughout the region. Those living adjacent to mining areas have experienced some negative impacts from river ecosystem damage and erosion of their lands. Industry is centered mainly in urban areas and Generates waste composed of various products. Agricultural products, pesticide residues, and chemicals used for preserving timber and other forestry products also produce hazardous waste. Most municipal waste comes from domestic and commercial premises; it consists mainly of combustibles, noncombustibles, and other wastes. Hospitals generate pathogenic organisms, radioactive materials, and chemical and pharmaceutical laboratory waste. Little is known about the actual treatment of waste before disposal in PNG. Traditional low-cost waste disposal methods are usually practiced, such as use of landfills; storage in surface impoundments; and disposal in public sewers, rivers, and the sea. Indiscriminate burning of domestic waste in backyards is also commonly practiced in urban and rural areas. 10 refs., 4 tabs.

  13. Protein A suppresses immune responses during Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection in guinea pigs

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kim, Hwan Keun; Falugi, Fabiana; Thomer, Lena; Missiakas, Dominique M.; Schneewind, Olaf

    2015-01-06

    Staphylococcus aureus infection is not associated with the development of protective immunity, and disease relapses occur frequently. We hypothesize that protein A, a factor that binds immunoglobulin Fc? and cross-links VH3 clan B cell receptors (IgM), is the staphylococcal determinant for host immune suppression. To test this, vertebrate IgM was examined for protein A cross-linking. High VH3 binding activity occurred with human and guinea immunoglobulin, whereas mouse and rabbit immunoglobulins displayed little and no binding, respectively. Establishing a guinea pig model of S. aureus bloodstream infection, we show that protein A functions as a virulence determinant and suppresses host Bmore »cell responses. Immunization with SpAKKAA, which cannot bind immunoglobulin, elicits neutralizing antibodies that enable guinea pigs to develop protective immunity.« less

  14. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  15. The infectivity of Bunostomum phlebotomum to sheep, rabbits and guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boring, Gary David

    1964-01-01

    THE INFECT1VITY OP BUNOSTOMUM PHLEBOTOMUM TO SHEEP, RABBITS AND GUINEA PIGS A Thesis By GARY DAVID BORING Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1964 Ma]or Sub)cot: Veterinary Parasitology THE INFECTIVITY OF BUNOSTOMUM PHLEBOTOMUM TO SHEEP~ RABBITS AND GUINEA PIGS A Thesis By GARY DAVID BORING Approved as to style and content by: i Ma (Chairman of Committee) /7 ~ 3...

  16. The challenges of a water system management handover in eastern Ethiopia : from the United Nations Refugee Agency to a local community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Christophe (Christopher J.)

    2011-01-01

    During the height of a political crisis in the late 1980s, hundreds of thousands of Somali refugees crossed into eastern Ethiopia. A humanitarian crisis soon unfolded as water was in short supply in the arid region. In ...

  17. The size distribution of conspeci c populations: the peoples of New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The size distribution of conspeci c populations: the peoples of New Guinea Vojtech Novotny1, Department of Biology, Brafova 7, 701 03 Ostrava, Czech Republic The size distribution of the language analogous to the resource division models of species abun- dance distribution in ecological communities

  18. Biomass resource potential for selected crops in Hawaii. [Koa haole (giant leucaena); napier and guinea grass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seki, A.

    1982-06-01

    The biomass crops selected for review were koa haole (giant leucaena), napier and guinea grass, and eucalyptus (saligna, grandis, and globulus). The islands examined were Hawaii, Kauai, Maui, and Molokai. The potential land acreage for growing these crops was estimated grossly. As anticipated, the island of Hawaii had the largest land potential with eucalyptus having the greatest potential land acreage.

  19. SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary

    SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA: THE MODELING. This sediment flows from the Ok Tedi to the Fly River, eventually reaching the Gulf of Papua. This document River. The second author of this report has been served as the sediment transport consultant for Ok Tedi

  20. Field Survey and Numerical Simulations: A Review of the 1998 Papua New Guinea Tsunami

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynett, Patrick

    Field Survey and Numerical Simulations: A Review of the 1998 Papua New Guinea Tsunami PATRICK J (PNG) tsunami of 1998 is re-examined through a detailed review of the field survey as well as numerous of frequency dispersion on the landslide-generated tsunami. The numerical comparisons indicate that the NLSW

  1. U.S. Crude Oil Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Brazzaville) 24 8 13 20 12 15 1993-2015 Congo (Kinshasa) 1993-2013 Denmark 1997-2004 Egypt 17 1993-2015 Equatorial Guinea 1996-2014 Estonia 1999-1999 Gabon 4 18 1993-2015...

  2. Assessing the direct effects of the ebola outbreak on life expectancy in liberia, sierra leone and Guinea.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helleringer, S; Noymer, A

    2015-01-01

    and health system demand in liberia. PLoS Biol. 2015 Jan;13(Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. PLOS Currents Outbreaks.Ebola in Sierra Leone and Liberia. PLOS Currents Outbreaks.

  3. GONGED (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development of an online facility of images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    122 GONGED (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development Darrow Holloway, J. D., Miller, S. E., Pollock, D. M., Helgen, L. & Darrow, K. (2009): GONGED

  4. The development stories of equatorial Guinea and Botswana : a game theory model of how public-private partnerships can turn resources from a curse into a blessing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rizzati, Valentina

    2013-01-01

    The growth acceleration episodes characterizing Botswana and Equatorial Guinea were based on the respective discoveries of diamonds and oil. However, while Botswana, already characterized by inclusive and democratic ...

  5. Effect of high oleic acid pork on tissue lipids of guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Tammi Tinker

    1991-01-01

    hypotheses have been forwarded. In the guinea pig, polyunsaturated fat diets result in increased hepatic LDL-cholesterol binding (9, 24). Dietary saturated fat has been shown to decrease hepatic LDL-cholesterol receptor mediated transport in the hamster...-cholesterol receptors (9, 21) and increase hepatic LDL-cholesterol clearance (28). The effect of saturated fat was shown to decrease the LDL-cholesterol receptor-mediated transport in hamsters (34). These changes of LDL-receptor catabolism of LDL-cholesterol can...

  6. Gabon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpAFlexStock CoGTO Home Graham7781'sBiogas

  7. Diapiric exhumation of Earth's youngest (UHP) eclogites in the gneiss domes of the D'Entrecasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    'Entrecasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea T.A. Little a, , B.R. Hacker b , S.M. Gordon b,c , S.L. Baldwin d , P, is a remarkable modern discovery (Andersen et al., 1991; Ernst, 2001; Hacker, 2007). Understanding how rocks from

  8. DECIPHERING THE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY OF THE MONTANE NEW GUINEA AVIFAUNA: COMPARATIVE PHYLOGEOGRAPHY AND INSIGHTS FROM PALEODISTRIBUTIONAL MODELING IN A DYNAMIC LANDSCAPE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benz, Brett W.

    2011-12-31

    at various sites across the highlands of Papua New Guinea, and I look forward to further collaboration in the future. I thank Tim Laman for providing the opportunity to work in West Papua, Indonesia, in 2008, as well as helping to collect behavioral data... obscure for most taxonomic groups. Owing to its relatively complete alpha taxonomy, New Guinea’s avifauna has played a prominent role in the development of biogeographic hypotheses and speciation theory throughout the Papuan sub-region (Mayr, 1953; Schodde...

  9. Financial sustainability in municipal solid waste management – Costs and revenues in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lohri, Christian Riuji Camenzind, Ephraim Joseph Zurbrügg, Christian

    2014-02-15

    Highlights: • Cost-revenue analysis over 2 years revealed insufficient cost-recovery. • Expenses for motorized secondary collection increased by 82% over two years. • Low fee collection rate and reliance on only one revenue stream are problematic. • Different options for cost reduction and enhanced revenue streams are recommended. • Good public–private alliance is crucial to plan and implement improvement measures. - Abstract: Providing good solid waste management (SWM) services while also ensuring financial sustainability of the system continues to be a major challenge in cities of developing countries. Bahir Dar in northwestern Ethiopia outsourced municipal waste services to a private waste company in 2008. While this institutional change has led to substantial improvement in the cleanliness of the city, its financial sustainability remains unclear. Is the private company able to generate sufficient revenues from their activities to offset the costs and generate some profit? This paper presents a cost-revenue analysis, based on data from July 2009 to June 2011. The analysis reveals that overall costs in Bahir Dar’s SWM system increased significantly during this period, mainly due to rising costs related to waste transportation. On the other hand, there is only one major revenue stream in place: the waste collection fee from households, commercial enterprises and institutions. As the efficiency of fee collection from households is only around 50%, the total amount of revenues are not sufficient to cover the running costs. This results in a substantial yearly deficit. The results of the research therefore show that a more detailed cost structure and cost-revenue analysis of this waste management service is important with appropriate measures, either by the privates sector itself or with the support of the local authorities, in order to enhance cost efficiency and balance the cost-revenues towards cost recovery. Delays in mitigating the evident financial deficit could else endanger the public-private partnership (PPP) and lead to failure of this setup in the medium to long term, thus also endangering the now existing improved and currently reliable service. We present four options on how financial sustainability of the SWM system in Bahir Dar might be enhanced: (i) improved fee collection efficiency by linking the fees of solid waste collection to water supply; (ii) increasing the value chain by sales of organic waste recycling products; (iii) diversifying revenue streams and financing mechanisms (polluter-pays-, cross-subsidy- and business-principles); and (iv) cost reduction and improved cost-effectiveness. We argue that in a PPP setup such as in Bahir Dar, a strong alliance between the municipality and private enterprise is important so that appropriate solutions for improved financial sustainability of a SWM system can be sought and implemented.

  10. Estimation of neutrophil infiltration into hairless guinea pig skin treated with 2,2' -dichlorodiethyl sulfide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bongiovanni, R.; Millard, C.B.; Schulz, S.M.; Romano, J.M.

    1993-05-13

    Despite growing acceptance of the hairless guinea pig (HPG) for evaluating sulfur mustard (2,2'dichlorodiethylsulfide, HD) skin injury, there are presently few antivesicant drug assessment endpoints validated in vivo for this model. We measured the activity of myeloperoxidase (MPO) to characterize the dose- and time-dependence of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) infiltration during development of the HD lesion. Biopsies were obtained from the dorsal thoracic-lumbar area of HGPs at successive 3 hr time intervals for up to 24 hrs following controlled exposure to either 5, 7, 8 or 10 min HD vapor. The presence of PMNs, as judged by MPO levels, peaked at 9 hrs irrespective of total HD vapor dose. The maximum response was a 20-fold increase compared to unexposed control sites at 9 hrs following 10 min HD vapor. This time period coincides with epidermal detachment characterized previously by electron microscopy in the HGP. By 24 hrs post-exposure, the MPO levels subsided markedly (2-fold compared to controls). These results suggest that PMNs participate in the HGP cutaneous inflammatory response following exposure to HD and that MPO may be a useful biological marker for evaluating putative antivesicants.

  11. Acute and chronic respiratory lesions induced by sulfur mustard in guinea pigs: Role of tachykinins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calvet, J.H.; Trouiller, G.; Harf, A.

    1993-05-13

    We investigated in anesthetized guinea pigs the involvement of tachykinins in respiratory alterations after an airway intoxication by sulfur mustard (SM). Early lesions were evaluated after 5h. Respiratory system resistance (R) and compliance were measured by the occlusion method and airway microvascular permeability by measuring the Evans Blue dye concentration in the trachea and main bronchi. Two groups of animals were studied treated with capsaicin (which induces a tachykinin depletion) or by its vehicle. Capsaicin pretreatment had no effect on the measured parameters. We also measured 14 J after the intoxication tracheal epithelium neutral endopeptidase (NEP) (the main enzyme which degrades tachykinins). In addition bronchial responsiveness to exogenous substance P was studied in two groups of animals intoxicated with SM or not. Tracheal epithelium NEP activity was decreased from 0.448 + or 0.027 nmol.min- 1.mg protein- 1 in controls to 0. 182 + or 0.038 in intoxicated animals. Response to substance P was greater in intoxicated animals with R=2.98 + or - 1.57 cmH20.MI-1.s versus 0.35 + or 0.02 in controls, after 5.10-5 M aerosolized substance P These results suggest tachykinins are not preponderant in the early stage lesions but that bronchial hyperactivity is present at recovery, related to epithelium NEP depletion.

  12. The role of the anaesthetised guinea-pig in the preclinical cardiac safety evaluation of drug candidate compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marks, Louise, E-mail: louise.marks@astrazeneca.com [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Borland, Samantha; Philp, Karen; Ewart, Lorna; Lainée, Pierre; Skinner, Matthew [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Kirk, Sarah [Innovative Medicines, Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Innovative Medicines, Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Valentin, Jean-Pierre [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)

    2012-09-01

    Despite rigorous preclinical and clinical safety evaluation, adverse cardiac effects remain a leading cause of drug attrition and post-approval drug withdrawal. A number of cardiovascular screens exist within preclinical development. These screens do not, however, provide a thorough cardiac liability profile and, in many cases, are not preventing the progression of high risk compounds. We evaluated the suitability of the anaesthetised guinea-pig for the assessment of drug-induced changes in cardiovascular parameters. Sodium pentobarbitone anaesthetised male guinea-pigs received three 15 minute intravenous infusions of ascending doses of amoxicillin, atenolol, clonidine, dobutamine, dofetilide, flecainide, isoprenaline, levosimendan, milrinone, moxifloxacin, nifedipine, paracetamol, verapamil or vehicle, followed by a 30 minute washout. Dose levels were targeted to cover clinical exposure and above, with plasma samples obtained to evaluate effect/exposure relationships. Arterial blood pressure, heart rate, contractility function (left ventricular dP/dt{sub max} and QA interval) and lead II electrocardiogram were recorded throughout. In general, the expected reference compound induced effects on haemodynamic, contractility and electrocardiographic parameters were detected confirming that all three endpoints can be measured accurately and simultaneously in one small animal. Plasma exposures obtained were within, or close to the expected clinical range of therapeutic plasma levels. Concentration–effect curves were produced which allowed a more complete understanding of the margins for effects at different plasma exposures. This single in vivo screen provides a significant amount of information pertaining to the cardiovascular risk of drug candidates, ultimately strengthening strategies addressing cardiovascular-mediated compound attrition and drug withdrawal. -- Highlights: ? Evaluation of the anaesthetised guinea-pig to determine cardiac liability. ? Haemodynamic, contractility, ECG parameters and plasma exposure all measurable. ? Single small animal model offering extensive evaluation of a drug's CV risk. ? Potential to strengthen drug discovery cardiovascular strategy. ? Potential to halt progression of drugs with CV liability, reducing drug attrition.

  13. Mast cells in citric acid-induced cough of guinea pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lai, Y.-L. . E-mail: tiger@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw; Lin, T.-Y.

    2005-01-01

    It was demonstrated previously that mast cells play an important role in citric acid (CA)-induced airway constriction. To investigate the role of mast cells in CA-induced cough, three experiments were carried out in this study. In the first experiment, 59 guinea pigs were employed and we used compound 48/80 to deplete mast cells, cromolyn sodium to stabilize mast cells, MK-886 to inhibit leukotriene synthesis, pyrilamine to antagonize histamine H{sub 1} receptor, methysergide to antagonize serotonin receptor, and indomethacin to inhibit cyclooxygenase. In the second experiment, 56 compound 48/80-pretreated animals were divided into two parts; the first one was used to test the role of exogenous leukotriene (LT) C{sub 4}, while the second one to test the role of exogenous histamine in CA-induced cough. Each animal with one of the above pretreatments was exposed sequentially to saline (baseline) and CA (0.6 M) aerosol, each for 3 min. Then, cough was recorded for 12 min using a barometric body plethysmograph. In the third experiment, the activation of mast cells upon CA inhalation was investigated by determining arterial plasma histamine concentration in 17 animals. Exposure to CA induced a marked increase in cough number. Compound 48/80, cromolyn sodium, MK-886 and pyrilamine, but not indomethacin or methysergide, significantly attenuated CA-induced cough. Injection of LTC{sub 4} or histamine caused a significant increase in CA-induced cough in compound 48/80-pretreated animals. In addition, CA inhalation caused significant increase in plasma histamine concentration, which was blocked by compound 48/80 pretreatment. These results suggest that mast cells play an important role in CA aerosol inhalation-induced cough via perhaps mediators LTs and histamine.

  14. Ascorbic acid suppresses endotoxemia and NF-?B signaling cascade in alcoholic liver fibrosis in guinea pigs: A mechanistic approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abhilash, P.A.; Harikrishnan, R.; Indira, M.

    2014-01-15

    Alcohol consumption increases the small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and intestinal permeability of endotoxin. The endotoxin mediated inflammatory signaling plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. We evaluated the effect of ascorbic acid (AA), silymarin and alcohol abstention on the alcohol induced endotoxemia and NF-?B activation cascade pathway in guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus). Guinea pigs were administered ethanol at a daily dose of 4 g/kg b.wt for 90 days. After 90 days, ethanol administration was stopped. The ethanol treated animals were divided into abstention, silymarin (250 mg/kg b.wt) and AA (250 mg/kg b.wt) supplemented groups and maintained for 30 days. The SIBO, intestinal permeability and endotoxin were significantly increased in the ethanol group. The mRNA expressions of intestinal proteins claudin, occludin and zona occludens-1 were significantly decreased in ethanol group. The mRNA levels of inflammatory receptors, activity of IKK? and the protein expressions of phospho-I?B?, NF-?B, TNF-?, TGF-?{sub 1} and IL-6 were also altered in ethanol group. The expressions of fibrosis markers ?-SMA, ?{sub 1} (I) collagen and sirius red staining in the liver revealed the induction of fibrosis. But the supplementation of AA could induce greater reduction of ethanol induced SIBO, intestinal barrier defects, NF-?B activation and liver fibrosis than silymarin. The possible mechanism may be the inhibitory effect of AA on SIBO, intestinal barrier defect and IKK?, which decreased the activation of NF-?B and synthesis of cytokines. This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis. - Highlights: • Alcohol increases intestinal bacterial overgrowth and permeability of endotoxin. • Endotoxin mediated inflammation plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. • Ascorbic acid reduces endotoxemia, NF-?B activation and proinflammatory cytokines. • AA's action is by inhibition of SIBO, IKK? and alteration of intestinal permeability. • This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis.

  15. Inhalation exposure to sulfur mustard in the guinea pig model: Clinical, biochemical and histopathological characterization of respiratory injuries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allon, Nahum, E-mail: nahuma@iibr.gov.i [Department of Pharmacology, Israel Institute for Biological Research, P.O. Box 19, Ness-Ziona 74100 (Israel); Amir, Adina; Manisterski, Eliau; Rabinovitz, Ishay; Dachir, Shlomit; Kadar, Tamar [Department of Pharmacology, Israel Institute for Biological Research, P.O. Box 19, Ness-Ziona 74100 (Israel)

    2009-12-01

    Guinea pigs (GP) were exposed (head only) in individual plethysmographs to various concentrations of sulfur mustard vapor, determined online, using FTIR attached to flow chamber. The LCt{sub 50} and the inhaled LD{sub 50} were calculated at different time points post exposure. Surviving animals were monitored for clinical symptoms, respiratory parameters and body weight changes for up to 30 days. Clinical symptoms were noted at 3 h post exposure, characterized by erythematic and swelling nose with extensive mucous secretion (with or without bleeding). At 6 h post exposure most of the guinea pigs had breathing difficulties, rhonchi and dyspnea and few deaths were noted. These symptoms peaked at 48 h and were noted up to 8 days, associated with few additional deaths. Thereafter, a spontaneous healing was noted, characterized by recovery of respiratory parameters and normal weight gain with almost complete apparent healing within 2 weeks. Histopathological evaluation of lungs and trachea in the surviving GPs at 4 weeks post exposure revealed a dose-dependent residual injury in both lung and trachea expressed by abnormal recovery of the tracheal epithelium concomitant with a dose-dependent increase in cellular volume in the lungs. These abnormal epithelial regeneration and lung remodeling were accompanied with significant changes in protein, LDH, differential cell count and glutathione levels in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). It is suggested that the abnormal epithelial growth and cellular infiltration into the lung as well as the continuous lung inflammation could cause recurrent lung injury similar to that reported for HD exposed human casualties.

  16. 5 6 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement < Health/Benin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and nutrition; agriculture and aquaculture; impact of climate change and adaptation of societies; energy, Congo, DR Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Chad. 5 8 for proposals now in course of preparation concern agroforestry, energy in the South, protected areas

  17. High-dose supplementation with natural ?-tocopherol does neither alter the pharmacodynamics of atorvastatin nor its phase I metabolism in guinea pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Podszun, Maren C.; Grebenstein, Nadine [Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart (Germany); Hofmann, Ute [Dr. Margarete Fischer-Bosch Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, D-70376 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Dr. Margarete Fischer-Bosch Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, D-70376 Stuttgart (Germany); Frank, Jan, E-mail: jan.frank@nutrition-research.de [Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart (Germany) [Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart (Germany); Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Bonn, D-53115 Bonn (Germany)

    2013-02-01

    It has been hypothesized in the literature that intake of high-dosage vitamin E supplements might alter the expression of cytochrome P{sub 450} enzymes (CYP), particularly CYP3A4, which may lead to adverse nutrient–drug interactions. Because previously published studies reported conflicting findings, we investigated the pharmacodynamics of the lipid-lowering drug atorvastatin (ATV), a CYP3A4 substrate, in response to high-dose ?-tocopherol (?T) feeding and determined protein expression and activities of relevant CYP. Groups of ten female Dunkin–Hartley guinea pigs were fed a control (5% fat) or a high-fat control diet (HFC; 21% fat, 0.15% cholesterol) or the HFC diet fortified with ?T (250 mg/kg diet), ATV (300 mg/kg diet) or both ATV + ?T for 6 weeks. Relative to control, HFC animals had increased serum cholesterol concentrations, which were significantly reduced by ATV. High-dose ?T feeding in combination with ATV (ATV + ?T), albeit not ?T feeding alone (?T), significantly lowered serum cholesterol relative to HFC, but did not alter the cholesterol-lowering activity of the drug compared to the ATV treated guinea pigs. Protein expression of CYP3A4, CYP4F2, CYP20A1 and OATP C was similar in all groups. Accordingly, no differences in plasma concentrations of phase I metabolites of ATV were observed between the ATV and ATV + ?T groups. In conclusion, feeding guinea pigs high-doses of ?T for 6 weeks did neither alter the hepatic expression of CYP, nor the pharmacodynamics and metabolism of ATV. High-dose ?T intake is thus unlikely to change the efficacy of drugs metabolized by CYP enzymes, particularly by CYP3A4. -- Highlights: ? Vitamin E-atorvastatin interactions were studied in hypercholesterolemic guinea pigs. ? High-dose ?-tocopherol did not alter the lipid-lowering efficacy of atorvastatin. ? ?-Tocopherol did not change the expression of CYP3A4, CYP4F2, CYP20A or OATP C. ? ?-Tocopherol did not affect phase I metabolism of atorvastatin. ? Vitamin E does not change atorvastatin pharmacodynamics or toxicity in guinea pigs.

  18. Reduction of erythema in hairless guinea pigs after cutaneous sulfur mustard vapor exposure by pretreatment with niacinamide, promethazine and indomethacin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yourick, J.J.; Dawson, J.S.; Mitcheltree, L.W.

    1995-12-31

    Erythema is the initial symptom that occurs after sulfur mustard (HD) cutaneous exposure. The time course of HD-induced erythema is similar to that observed after UV irradiation, which can be reduced by indomethacin. Sulfur mustard lethality is decreased by using promethazine, which is an antihistamine. Niacinamide can reduce microvesication after HD vapor exposure in hairless guinea pig (HGP) skin. The present study examines the effect of the combined administration of niacinamide, indomethacin and promethazine used alone or in all possible combinations on the degree of erythema and histopathologic skin damage after HD exposure in HGP. Niacinamide (750 mg kg%`, i.p.), promethazine (12.5 mg kg%1, i.m.) or indomethacin (4 mg kg%1, p.o.) used singly or in combination was given as a 30-min pretreatment before an 8-min HD vapor cup skin exposure. Using a combination pretreatment of niacinamide, promethazine and indomethacin, erythema was reduced at 4 (91%) and 6 (55%) h, but not 24 h after HD. The incidence of histopathological skin changes (microvesicles, follicular involvement, epidermal necrosis, intracellular edema and pustular epidermatitis) 24 h after HD was not reduced. This study indicates that HD (induced erythema) may result from several different mechanisms, including inflammation, histamine release and DNA damage. It is suggested that two phases of inflammation may occur: an early phase sensitive to antihistamines and non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs and a late phase of extensive cell damage that was not sensitive to these drug pretreatments.

  19. Cutaneous uptake of 14C-HD vapor by the hairless guinea pig. Technical report, December 1992-June 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Logan, T.P.; Bongiovanni, R.; Millard, C.B.; Shutz, M.B.; Schultz, S.M.

    1996-10-01

    The hairless guinea pig (HGP) is used by our laboratory to model the human cutaneous response to sulfur mustard (HD) exposure. We have determined the HD content in the skin of HOP after 7-minute exposures to vapors saturated with a mixture of HD and 14C-HD. Concentration/time (C1) values in the range of 2 mg/sq cm/min were determined by counting skin 14C disintegrations per minute (dpm) in animals euthanized immediately after exposure. These values are similar to human penetration rates obtained by other investigators. A direct relationship between C1 and relative humidity was demonstrated in 5 of 6 studies. A rate curve monitoring the reduction in skin 14C dpm was developed for animals euthanized between 0 and 24 hours post exposure. This curve showed the greatest change after 1 hour. Epidermal and dermal distribution of 14C at 24 hours was measured for two animals. Site preference for HD penetration, multiple use of a vapor cap containing HD, and 14C content of adhesive tape were also investigated with radiolabeled HD to evaluate other aspects of the experimental model. These results contribute to a better understanding of the cutaneous response to HD in the HGP model.

  20. Effect of c-myc on the ultrastructural structure of cochleae in guinea pigs with noise induced hearing loss

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Han, Yu; Zhong, Cuiping [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)] [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China); Hong, Liu [First Division of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)] [First Division of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China); Wang, Ye; Qiao, Li [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)] [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China); Qiu, Jianhua, E-mail: qiujh@fmmu.edu.cn [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)] [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)

    2009-12-18

    Noise over-stimulation may induce hair cells loss and hearing deficit. The c-myc oncogene is a major regulator for cell proliferation, growth, and apoptosis. However, the role of this gene in the mammalian cochlea is still unclear. The study was designed to firstly investigate its function under noise condition, from the aspect of cochlear ultrastructural changes. We had established the adenoviral vector of c-myc gene and delivered the adenovirus suspension into the scala tympani of guinea pigs 4 days before noise exposure. The empty adenoviral vectors were injected as control. Then, all subjects were exposed to 4-kHz octave-band noise at 110 dB SPL for 8 h/day, 3 days consecutively. Auditory thresholds were assessed by auditory brainstem response, prior to and 7 days following noise exposure. On the seventh days after noise exposure, the cochlear sensory epithelia surface was observed microscopically and the cochleae were taken to study the ultrastructural changes. The results indicated that auditory threshold shift after noise exposure was higher in the ears treated with Ad.EGFP than that treated with Ad.c-myc-EGFP. Stereocilia loss and the disarrangement of outer hair cells were observed, with greater changes found in the Ad.EGFP group. Also, the ultrastructure changes were severe in the Ad.EGFP group, but not obvious in the Ad.c-myc-EGFP group. Therefore, c-myc gene might play an unexpected role in hearing functional and morphological protection from acoustic trauma.

  1. Forum des Jeuns du Gabon | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpAFlex Fuels EnergyToolFort BlissUtilityElectricdes

  2. Gabon-World Bank Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXA Corp. (Delaware) Jump to:GISGRRGTPGabbs|

  3. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  4. Protest in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas, Gildas

    1972-01-01

    rapidly, and the days of feudalism were numbered. Menelikover eight centuries of feudalism have piled up their thick

  5. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  6. Ethnicity and Power in Ethiopia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaughan, Sarah

    This thesis explores why ethnicity was introduced as the basis for the reconstitution of the Ethiopian state in 1991, examining the politicisation of ethnic identity before and after the federation of the country’s ...

  7. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries. Volume I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Bourkina (Upper Volta), Brazil, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields, Appendix II, Phytomass Files, and References.

  8. EU, CHINA AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE IN AFRICA A case study from timber industry in Gabon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    level. This paper does not aim to broadly discuss EU environmental policy, but it rather1 EU, CHINA AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE IN AFRICA A case study from timber industry: .....................................................................................................................................................2 Part I: The EU, China and the external environmental dimension

  9. Gabon-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient Strategies in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpAFlexStock CoGTO Home Graham7781'sBiogas JumpAfrica

  10. Gabon-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXA Corp. (Delaware) Jump to:GISGRRGTPGabbs| Open

  11. Ethiopia Energy Access Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH JumpEllenville,Power Corp JumpMassachusetts:EstralIndia

  12. Ethiopia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH JumpEllenville,Power CorpEnergy Information Measurement

  13. Wildlife Sustainability and Human Food Security in Cameroon, Central Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinbaum, Karen Zohar

    2012-01-01

    consumption in rural Africa. Proceedings Of The NationalHouseholds in Gabon, Central Africa. Conservation BiologyHouseholds in Gabon, Central Africa. Conservation Biology

  14. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. )

    1989-09-01

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  15. Equatorial Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    by building new gas-fired power stations and investing in the construction of new dams.Work is ongoing on the Djibloho hydroelectric plant project on the Wele River near...

  16. Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Total installed electricity capacity (2008): 331 MWThermal: 62.8%Hydro: 37.2%Total primary energy supply (2008): 4,275 ktoeBiomass: 89%Hydrocarbon Fuels: 10 %Hydroelectric:...

  17. BioMed Central Page 1 of 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , Madagascar, Comoros Islands, Tanzania, Kenya, Mozambique, Cameroun, Gabon) were collected during active case

  18. Africa: the emphasis is exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    Individual country reports on drilling, oil and gas production, and petroleum exploration and reserves are given for Africa. Nigeria was the continent's largest oil producer in 1979, averaging 2.3 million bpd, followed closely by Libya with 2.07 million bpd. Algeria cut production of crude oil in 1979 to a level of 1,194,350 bpd, and increased gas production to 2031 mmcfd. In Egypt, the return of Israeli-occupied oil fields and a surge in productive capacity enabled production averaging 524,000 bpd. Brief country reports are included for Gabon, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Cameroun, Tunisia, Morocco, Zaire, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Chad, Republic of South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Seychelles Islands, Mauritania, Republic of Mali, Benin, Kenya, Madagascar, Botswana, Gambia, Mozambique, and Senegal.

  19. UNEP-Ethiopia-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin, New York: EnergyU.S. EPA Region 10 Jump3

  20. Ethiopia-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Technology Transfer Sector Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Biomass, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal,...

  1. A termite from the Late Oligocene of northern Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Michael S.; Pan, Aaron D.; Jacobs, Bonnie F.

    2013-01-01

    ? proximately 60 km west of Gondar. The regional geology consists of massive (approximately 2000 m thick) Oligocene trap basalts with interspersed tuffs, lignites, and fluvial volcaniclastic and clastic sediments exposed along streams and gully cuts (Hoff? mann..., typically into the root systems, thereby de? veloping a connection with the soil, necessary for the maintenance of sufficient moisture levels within the colony. The nests them? selves consist of irregular, flattened chambers which either border one another...

  2. A Female Homo erectus Pelvis from Gona, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    fossil hom- inid adult pelves are from small-bodied females (such as the 3.2-million-year-old describe a nearly complete early Pleistocene adult female H. erectus pelvis from the Busidima Formation Australopithecus afarensis specimen A.L. 288-1an/ao and the ~2.5- to 2.8-million-year-old Au. africanus specimen

  3. The Genetic Architecture of Adaptations to High Altitude in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, Matthew D.

    , Cynthia M. Beall2 *, David B. Witonsky1 , Amha Gebremedhin3 , Jonathan K. Pritchard1,4 , Anna Di Rienzo1 at individual genes in the Oromo. Citation: Alkorta-Aranburu G, Beall CM, Witonsky DB, Gebremedhin A, Pritchard

  4. Ethiopia-National Greenhouse Gas Emissions Baseline Scenarios...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Strategy with a view to withstanding the adverse effects of climate change, while building a green economy. The CRGE Strategy, developed in 2010, was constructed as an offshoot...

  5. Introduction Approximately 40% of rural Ethiopia (WaterAid, 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be preferred because of their low running and maintenance costs. Experience with the use of solar energy for and try other sources of renewable energy such as solar, wind, and mini-hydropower. Although limited as energy source for water supply and learning from them will help to understand the advantages

  6. Berkeley Lab's Ashok Gadgil Takes Fuel Efficient Cookstoves to Ethiopia |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura| National2.11DESERT *Berkeley LabDepartment of

  7. GGGI-Ethiopia-Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable Urban TransportFortistarFuelCellsEtcSilicon Co LtdGEO

  8. Ethiopia-Climate Change National Adaptation Programme of Action | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH JumpEllenville,Power Corp JumpMassachusetts:EstralIndiaEnergy

  9. Ethiopia-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH JumpEllenville,Power Corp JumpMassachusetts:EstralIndiaEnergyOpen

  10. Ethiopia-Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH JumpEllenville,Power Corp JumpMassachusetts:EstralIndiaEnergyOpenGreen

  11. Ethiopia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH JumpEllenville,Power Corp

  12. Ethiopia-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH JumpEllenville,Power CorpEnergy Information Measurement and

  13. Ethiopia-African Climate Change Resilience Alliance | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpA Jump to:EnergyEthanol Ventures Place:

  14. Ethiopia-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpA Jump to:EnergyEthanol Ventures Place:DLR Resource

  15. Ethiopia-National Greenhouse Gas Emissions Baseline Scenarios: Learning

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpA Jump to:EnergyEthanol Ventures Place:DLR

  16. Ethiopia-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpA Jump to:EnergyEthanol Ventures Place:DLR(SREP)

  17. Ethiopia-Strategic Climate Institutions Programme (SCIP) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpA Jump to:EnergyEthanol Ventures

  18. Ethiopia-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdisto Electric Coop,Erosion Flume Jump to:Ethanol Capital Funding(CTI

  19. Ethiopia-Strategic Climate Institutions Programme (SCIP) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdisto Electric Coop,Erosion Flume Jump to:Ethanol CapitalInformation

  20. Labor Productivity and Employment Consequences in East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hjort, Jonas Krabbe

    2012-01-01

    Ethiopia report,” . ECSA, and ORC Macro (2006): EthiopiaStatistical Agency and ORC Macro, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia andviolated norms (ECSA and ORC Macro 2006, p. 244). In recent

  1. 4 8 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement Shared equipment available to partners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    resources Information systems Financial resources Resources for research 49 . Major resources are devoted to environmental monitoring; examples are the SEAS satellite receiving mainly by the government of Gabon and oil company Total Gabon. It has a laboratory for diagnostic testing

  2. A restoration plan for the Fly River, Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Kathleen

    2003-01-01

    Design and Evaluation of tailings dams. EPA530-R-94- 038.Kehdingen, 2001). Figure 7. Tailings dam construction overand multiple hillside tailings dam configurations (EPA

  3. An inhalation model of acute Q fever in guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell-Lodrigue, Kasi Elizabeth

    2009-05-15

    similar pathologic responses. Heterologous protection was confirmed by cross vaccination and challenge with RSA493 and Q217. A marked non-specific suppression of lymphoproliferation was noted at 14 and 28 days post infection with RSA493; similar...

  4. Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERC Hydroelectric Projects | Open

  5. Papua New Guinea Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomarPanich,east districtCo

  6. U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Separation, Proved Reserves(Million Barrels) Reserves5-2015 Liquefied Natural

  7. Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Low

  8. Papua New Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPanEnergy

  9. U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal,Demand Module of the NationalSales (Million2007-2014 Liquefied Natural Gas

  10. Africa Aerosol Optical Depth Obtained From MISR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    Faso Cameroon Equatorial Guinea Gambia, The Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Cameroon Equatorial Guinea Gambia, The Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Mauritania

  11. Presented by : Mbouri DIENG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trajkovic, Ljiljana

    Some places to visit Gabon History Politics Geography Fauna and Flora Culture Our Work Nework topology 2012 #12;Gabon Green: equatorial forest Yellow: equatorial sun and mineral resources Blue: ocean = 529.218 F CFA Geography 18/07/2014 DIENG /OKOUMBA Summer 2012 #12;Gabon Fauna and flora 18

  12. Is there an association between PEPFAR funding and improvement in national health indicators in Africa? A retrospective study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duber, Herbert C; Coates, Thomas J; Szekeras, Greg; Kaji, Amy H; Lewis, Roger J

    2010-01-01

    Guinea-Bissau, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali,Guinea Guinea-Bissau Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali

  13. International Projects: Education Grant value over $250,000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia

  14. The More Things Stay the Same the More They Change : : Measuring Changing Levels of Human Rights Using Computational Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fariss, Christopher J.

    ANGOLA EQUATORIAL GUINEA COMOROS BHUTAN ZIMBABWE MALDIVESINDONESIA FIJI SAMOA PAKISTAN COMOROS PAPUA NEW GUINEA OMAN

  15. Fact #578: July 6, 2009 World Oil Reserves, Production, and Consumptio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    include Venezuela, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Libya, Nigeria, Indonesia, Gabon, and Ecuador. OPEC consumption data are for 2005....

  16. Albania-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  17. Jamaica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  18. Georgia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  19. South Africa-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  20. Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  1. Malawi-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  2. Guatemala-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  3. Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  4. Indonesia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  5. Thailand-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  6. Vietnam-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  7. Zambia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  8. Colombia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  9. Malaysia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  10. Moldova-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  11. Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  12. Philippines-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  13. The francophone Africa blood transfusion research network: A five-year report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tagny, CT; Murphy, EL; Lefrère, JJ

    2013-01-01

    M. Razafimahefa), Mali (A. Ba, K. Bouréma, M. Cissé, A.among blood donations in Mali: lower rates among volunteerGabon, Guinée, Madagascar, Mali, Maroc, Mauritanie, Niger,

  14. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    prices, and future concession rights. Current members are Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and...

  15. Factors associated with mosquito net use by individuals in households owning nets in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, Patricia M.; Ngondi, Jeremiah M.; Hwang, Jimee; Getachew, Asefaw; Gebre, Teshome; Mosher, Aryc W.; Patterson, Amy E.; Shargie, Estifanos B.; Tadesse, Zerihun; Wolkon, Adam; Reithinger, Richard; Emerson, Paul M.; Richards, Frank O. Jr

    2011-12-13

    age and gender [5,7-10], education, occupation/livelihood [11-13], degree of con- trol over household decision-making [14], malaria knowledge, beliefs and risk perceptions [5,15-21], per- ceived benefits and disadvantages of nets [5,17,18,21], trust... or while tending livestock, attending late- night social events, disruption of usual sleeping arrange- ments, net unavailability due to washing or dirtiness, extreme fatigue, labour pains, illness or forgetfulness [13,27,30-32]. This study builds on a...

  16. Water insecurity in 3 dimensions: An anthropological perspective on water and women's psychosocial distress in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rheingans, Richard

    Water insecurity in 3 dimensions: An anthropological perspective on water and women's psychosocial, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30022, USA b Center for Global Safe Water f o Article history: Available online 20 April 2012 Keywords: Water insecurity Gender Psychosocial

  17. Millions on the Margins: Music, Ethnicity, and Censorship Among the Oromo of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mollenhauer, Shawn Michael

    2011-01-01

    to be replaced by that of aliens. Never change your name andbecame one against the alien Galla of the south. Likewisecalling you: How could an alien, a Somali infiltrator take

  18. Notes and Proposed Guidelines on Updated Seismic Codes in Ethiopia -Implications for Large-Scale Infrastructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    acceleration), special provisions in concrete and steel beams and columns design, and seismic analysis years as return-period instead of the current 100 years, and a revisit of the basic seismic design philosophy to focus on performance basis are provided. Key-words ­ seismic design, building code, seismic

  19. Monitoring effective use of household water treatment and safe storage technologies in Ethiopia and Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Matthew M

    2009-01-01

    Household water treatment and storage (HWTS) technologies dissemination is beginning to scale-up to reach the almost 900 million people without access to an improved water supply (WHO/UNICEF/JMP, 2008). Without well-informed ...

  20. FACTORS DETERMINING RESIDENTIAL WATER DEMAND IN NORTH WESTERN ETHIOPIA, THE CASE OF MERAWI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;© 2012 Dessalegn Chanie Dagnew #12;ABSTRACT Growing populations and lack of available cost effective and employment of the head had a statistically significant positive impact on daily per capita water consumption

  1. Essays in the Economics of Emigration and the Lifecycle Deficit in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mergo, Teferi

    2013-01-01

    Food Expenditure (Per Capita) Energy Cost Mobile Phone UsageFood Expenditure (Per Capita) Energy Cost Mobile Phone UsageFood Expenditure (Per Capita) Energy Cost Mobile Phone Usage

  2. Impact of climate change on the hydroclimatology of Lake Tana Basin, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Rayner,2 Assefa M. Melesse,1 Bijan Dargahi,3 and Raghavan Srinivasan4 Received 1 March 2010: Setegn, S. G., D. Rayner, A. M. Melesse, B. Dargahi, and R. Srinivasan (2011), Impact of climate change

  3. Millions on the Margins: Music, Ethnicity, and Censorship Among the Oromo of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mollenhauer, Shawn Michael

    2011-01-01

    and is now living in Norway, having declared asylum there.Bashir Dabiy (now in Norway) used harvest music and poetrylike the U.S. , Canada, Norway, Germany and Australia, the

  4. Malaria prevalence and mosquito net coverage in Oromia and SNNPR regions of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shargie, Estifanos B.; Gebre, Teshome; Ngondi, Jeremiah; Graves, Patricia M.; Mosher, Aryc W.; Emerson, Paul M.; Ejigsemahu, Yeshewamebrat; Endeshaw, Tekola; Olana, Dereje; WeldeMeskel, Asrat; Teferra, Admas; Tadesse, Zerihun; Tilahun, Abate; Yohannes, Gedeon; Richards, Frank O. Jr

    2008-09-21

    questionnaire was based on the Malaria Indi- cator Survey Household Questionnaire, modified for the field-tested in non-survey kebeles to determine the valid- ity of the pre-coded answers. Interviews were conducted with the head of household, or another adult... .1186/ 1475-2875-1187-1118 Publish with BioMed Central and every scientist can read your work free of charge "BioMed Central will be the most significant development for disseminating the results of biomedical research in our lifetime." Sir Paul Nurse...

  5. Mammoth dams, lean neighbours: assessing the bid to turn Ethiopia into East Africa's powerhouse 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuesta-Fernández, Iván

    2015-01-01

    This chapter sets out to discuss the main features of the undergoing Ethiopian electrification programme as well as the key steps towards its implementation. Doing so also allows its potentialities and pitfalls to be ...

  6. Biodiversity And Livelihoods In Southwestern Ethiopia: Forest Loss And Prospects For Conservation In Shade Coffee Agroecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eshete, Getachew Tadesse

    2013-01-01

    Eucalyptus). and large- scale coffee, Eucalyptus and tea plantations asto local informants, Eucalyptus plantations grew mainly

  7. Level and intensity of objectively assessed physical activity among pregnant women from urban Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hjorth, Mads F; Kloster, Stine; Girma, Tsinuel; Faurholt-Jepsen, Daniel; Andersen, Gregers; Kæstel, Pernille; Brage, Søren; Friis, Henrik

    2012-12-17

    Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012, 12:154 Page 3 of 8 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2393/12/154Anthropometry, body composition and muscular fitness Barefooted and wearing light clothes, the women were weighed to the nearest 0.1 kg (Tanita Model 418, Tokyo...

  8. Biodiversity And Livelihoods In Southwestern Ethiopia: Forest Loss And Prospects For Conservation In Shade Coffee Agroecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eshete, Getachew Tadesse

    2013-01-01

    do you think are the consequences of LULC changes on EGS?Effect Yes/N Particular EGS ic groups o affected affectedIII. CONSUMPTION AND MARKETING OF EGS 10. Consumption and

  9. OPTIMUM UTILIZATION OF GROUND WATER IN KOBO VALLEY, EASTERN AMHARA, ETHIOPIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the overall water table depth due to pumping. Water table depth will not be depleted if irrigation follows and the yield of cereals in the rainy periods. Irrigation from ground water could enable farmers to cultivate more than once a year. Since pumping has an effect on the ground water resources availability

  10. Millions on the Margins: Music, Ethnicity, and Censorship Among the Oromo of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mollenhauer, Shawn Michael

    2011-01-01

    sing. For a brave warrior can neither hold his breath, Norquite traditional, but neither the movement of the dancersthat would imply that neither Ethiopian nor Oromo music

  11. Investing in human and natural capital: An alternative paradigm for sustainable development in Awassa, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Economics and Department of Community Development and Applied Economics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, 05405, USA c UVM Agricultural Extension Service, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont

  12. Millions on the Margins: Music, Ethnicity, and Censorship Among the Oromo of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mollenhauer, Shawn Michael

    2011-01-01

    colonization, imperialism, and racism used by many Oromo isthat causes xenophobia and racism to be such powerful, oftenibid. ). In the case of racism, xenophobia, or ethnic

  13. Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Aluto Langano Geothermal field Assela Wind Farm Project Clean Energy SMEs Capacity Building and Investment Facility Sor Small Hydro Electric Power Plant Expansion and...

  14. Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpA Jump to:EnergyEthanol Ventures Place:DLR(SREP) |

  15. Ethiopia-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdisto Electric Coop,Erosion Flume Jump to:Ethanol Capital

  16. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01

    Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliGuinea-Bissau » Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliGuinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali

  17. Phylogenetics of the genus Scotophilus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae): perspectives from paternally and maternally inherited genomes with emphasis on African species 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trujillo, Robert Greg

    2006-10-30

    : Gondar Province S. dinganii AK 21213 uncataloged Ethiopia: Oromiya Region: Dogy River Bridge S. dinganii AK 21234 uncataloged Ethiopia: Oromiya Region: Dogy River Bridge S. dinganii AK 21215 uncataloged Ethiopia: Oromiya Region: Dogy River... Bridge S. dinganii AK 21235 uncataloged Ethiopia: Oromiya Region: Dogy River Bridge S. dinganii AK 21214 uncataloged Ethiopia: Oromiya Region: Dogy River Bridge S. dinganii AK 21259 uncataloged Ethiopia: Oromiya Region: Dogy River Bridge S...

  18. 511ZOOSYSTEMA 2004 26 (3) Publications Scientifiques du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. www.zoosystema.com The Petrocephalus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, Carl D.

    , Paris. www.zoosystema.com The Petrocephalus (Pisces, Osteoglossomorpha, Mormyridae) of Gabon, Central, Unité 0403, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 43 rue Cuvier, F-75231 Paris cedex 05 (France) lavoue in the Ogooué River basin of west Central Africa (Gabon), has attracted little attention and remains obscure

  19. The growth of New Guinea impatiens with controlled-release fertilizer in a recirculating subirrigation system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Daphne Ladean

    1999-01-01

    the effects of CRF prill removal from growing media prior to extraction for EC and pH. CRF drills were either removed or not, prior to extraction of the media. No significant differences in EC or pH were found between pots which had drills removed and those...

  20. Nature Macmillan Publishers Ltd 1997 Sir --Garcia-Guinea and Huascar1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalet, Xavier

    of the intense mining activity of the area. (There are more than 2,000 mining pits and 230 tailing dams and dumps of ecotoxic pollution of a coastal environment by mine tailings. The waste from mining operations ), and cause an accumulation of mining tailings and industrial waste. The most recent Unesco Science World

  1. Chapter 3: Searching for Guinea Pig B: Case Study in Online Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Vicki H.

    .com provide quick introduction to material · Primary sources give us most accurate specific information to gather identifying information (possibly from another source) for a more effective, focused search 3 that ­ Different sources differ in the quality of information 1-4 Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc

  2. Recognition and Strangeness in Marine Environmental Encounters on New Guinea's Far Western Coast /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ian Nicholas

    2013-01-01

    Global Environmental Change 16:253-267. Folke, Carl, Thomas Hahn, Per Olsson, and Jon Norberg 2005 Adaptive governance

  3. Nutritional Dimorphism in New Guinea Dioecious Figs George D. Weiblen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiblen, George D

    and female sexual functions, termed gall figs and seed figs, on separate trees. In dioecious figs wasps enter the flower-filled receptacle through a small opening at the apex. In exchange pollen from male flowers before flight and the search for receptive figs in which to oviposit, pollinate

  4. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    In Nigeria people steal oil. We don’t have that. It’s clean.Appel, Hannah 2011 Futures: Oil and the Making of ModularityWalls and White Elephants: Oil Extraction, Responsibility,

  5. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    storage, and offloading vessel (FPSO). With the productionhundreds of yards away, the FPSO was illuminated by its ownwould pull alongside the FPSO and leave with one million

  6. Abstract We examined dopaminergic neurons in the guinea pig retina; antisera against tyrosine hydroxylase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grzywacz, Norberto

    hydroxylase (TH), dopamine -hydroxylase (DBH), phenylethanol- amine N-methyltransferase (PNMT hydroxyl- ase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme for catecholamine synthesis, because norepinephrine

  7. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    Zones of Exclusion: Offshore Extraction, the Contestation ofsubsea to market—as “offshore. ” T AMERICAN ETHNOLOGIST,1425.2012.01389.x Offshore work American Ethnologist Figure

  8. Beyond the resource curse : mineral resources and development in Guinea-Conakry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diallo, Thierno Amadou

    2015-01-01

    Natural resource endowments are no guarantee of socioeconomic development. Many developing countries are rich in natural resources (minerals, oil, gas, hydropower), and yet many of their citizens remain in poverty and their ...

  9. Austronesians in Papua: Diversification and Change in South-Halmahera-West New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamholz, David

    2014-01-01

    lightning’ (R) RA: Biga ba?ni ‘fly (insect)’ (R); Fiawat benyuw ‘fly (insect)’ (R) CB: Umar bar ‘ball’ (

  10. Growth of New Guinea impatiens under no-leach drip irrigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pannkuk, Timothy Richard

    1995-01-01

    -P-K). This was done to determine the feasibility of growing this crop in a no leach system and to determine an optimal fertility rate. The experiment was conducted twice (winter and fall). In both experiments, the leached treatments had significantly larger fresh...

  11. Predicted velocity and density structure of the exhuming Papua New Guinea ultrahighpressure terrane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    Sarah J. Brownlee,1 Bradley R. Hacker,1 Matthew Salisbury,2 Gareth Seward,3 Timothy A. Little,4 Suzanne: Brownlee, S. J., B. R. Hacker, M. Salisbury, G. Seward, T. A. Little, S. L. Baldwin, and G. A. Abers (2011 ultrahighpressure (UHP) terranes are exhumed [Hacker and Peacock, 1995] has been a principal scientific goal ever

  12. 3 2 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement < Investigacin sobre la enfermedad del sueo/Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    llevadas a cabo a nivel institucional. Cuatro programas de Fondos de solidaridad prioritaria confirman esta contribución de los científicos a la enseñanza superior progresa de manera constante desde hace varios años medios puestos a su disposición para valorizar sus trabajos de investigación (registros de patente

  13. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    the production process—subsea to market—as “offshore. ” Tone million barrels. From subsea hydrocarbon deposit to theand marketization of subsea hydrocarbon deposits to proceed

  14. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    for example, Chinese investment or national oil companies,and investments intended to generate speculative profit in short-term spot markets are not easily separable in the oil

  15. Walls and white elephants: Oil extraction, responsibility, and infrastructural violence in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appel, HC

    2012-01-01

    extent to which oil’s enclaved investment can be ‘tightlyand foment ‘social investment’ of oil monies has intensi?edresponsibility for the investment of oil monies, but also o?

  16. The response of New Guinea impatiens to varying salinity levels in a subirrigation system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, Nancy Morgan

    1996-01-01

    Subirrigation is an alternative irrigation method for greenhouse crops. Lack of leaching poses the problem of high salt buildup in the root zone. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of saline irrigation water on a greenhouse...

  17. Multi-Dimensional Service Compositions L. Baresi, E. Di Nitto. and S. Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dustdar, Schahram

    software appli- cations: the Software as a Service paradigm and the idea of the Internet of Things: the Software as a Service paradigm and the idea of the Internet of Things. Software as a Service enables- ample AMI-C [1] and AUTOSAR [9] in the automotive in- dustry. The Internet of Things includes a number

  18. NATURE METHODS | VOL.2 NO.10 | OCTOBER 2005 | 721 Of guinea pigs and men

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    and companies. To combat this problem, the United Kingdom passed laws making it easier to prosecute animal that included threats, explosives and the theft of a dead family member's remains.Such terrorist actionsandtheir sympathy, they have been successful at forcing individuals and companies to accede to their demands

  19. Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomarPanich,east

  20. Papua New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomarPanich,eastInformation

  1. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Imports" ,"Click worksheet

  2. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008Wellhead PriceConsumption by9"CoalbedGas,+Annual",2014

  3. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Separation, Proved Reserves(Million Barrels)1973-2015

  4. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan FebCubicFracking,Michigan NaturalThousandThousand Cubic

  5. Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr 2012 2013 2014Thousand343 342 328 37056 57 61 12 9per

  6. Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3 of MasonPalcanOpenRural ElInformation

  7. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram GuidelinesThousand Cubic Feet)Thousand Cubic Feet)per

  8. Papua New Guinea-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPanEnergy Information

  9. Papua New Guinea-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPanEnergy InformationEnergy

  10. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPP UPDATE: April 15,Gas9,7 Glossary G L O

  11. Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the PriceAlaska NaturalCubic Feet)(Dollars per

  12. Stratigraphy and geochronology of the Tambien Group, Ethiopia: Evidence for globally synchronous carbon isotope change in the Neoproterozoic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    glaciation in Namibia: Sedimentology, v. 58, p. 57–119, doi:AND DISCUSSION Physical Sedimentology and Stratigraphy In

  13. High-resolution sedimentary record of the last deglaciation from a high-altitude lake in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    of Wales, Aberystwyth SY23 3DB, UK Abstract Sedimentological and geochemical studies conducted on a 15.82-m

  14. The Effects of New Housing Developments on Idir, a Self-Help Association in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jifar, Woubzena Taddesse

    2012-01-01

    Below is a chart of a sample organization. Chart 1: Achart, the general body actually heads the organization.

  15. Stratigraphy and geochronology of the Tambien Group, Ethiopia: Evidence for globally synchronous carbon isotope change in the Neoproterozoic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    doi:10.1130/G36347.1 Stratigraphy and geochronology of theA.D. , and Haileab, B. Stratigraphy and geochronology of theNeoproterozoic carbonate stratigraphy prior to the ca. 717–

  16. Stratigraphy and geochronology of the Tambien Group, Ethiopia: Evidence for globally synchronous carbon isotope change in the Neoproterozoic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    indicated by U-Pb geochronology of the Cottons Breccia,and Selby, D. , 2014, Re-Os geochronology and coupled Os-SrStratigraphy and geochronology of the Tambien Group,

  17. SURESH K.S. VANNAN Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Post, Wilfred M.

    - Present Oak Ridge, TN, USA Job Functions · Manage tasks, staffing, finance, and reporting for NASA funded scientific activities (e.g. deforestation studies in Africa, environmental impact of oil exploration in Gabon

  18. Deformation zone `jumps' in a young convergent setting; the Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt, New Guinea Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas, Chamot-Rooke

    Deformation zone `jumps' in a young convergent setting; the Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt, New The Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt in West Papua (Indonesia) has all the characteristics of a young orogen buttress. The construction of these two wedges is younger than 11 Myr. The structures of the Lengguru belt

  19. Alternating seismic uplift and subsidence in the late Holocene at Madang, Papaua New Guinea: Evidence from raised reefs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tudhope, A. W.; Buddemeier, Robert W.; Chilcott, C. P.; Berryman, K. R.; Fautin, Daphne G.; Jebb, M.; Lipps, J. H.; Pearce, R. G.; Scoffin, T. P.; Shimmield, G. B.

    2000-06-10

    are interpreted as reflecting alternating tectonic uplift and subsidence. Furthermore, the detailed structure and age relationships of the coral deposits indicate that both uplift and subsidence occurred rapidly, most probably as coseismic events with vertical...

  20. The role of CCL5 (RANTES) in the immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the guinea pig 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skwor, Troy Arthur

    2005-02-17

    Page 1 Ranking of Tuberculous Pleurisy Post-4 Days Induction...................................105 2 Primers Used for Real-time PCR ........................................................................117 3 Scoring of Granulomas 4... for the host phagocytes to release cytokines favoring the differentiation of CD4+ T helper cells into Th1 effector cells. The production of IL-12, IL-18, and IL-23 are pivotal in this step. These cytokines induce naive and memory T lymphocytes to release...

  1. Micronesica 37(1):57-68, 2004 Field Response of Guam Populations of the New Guinea Sugarcane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Gadi VP

    (Areca catechu L.), coconut palm (Cocos nucifera L.) and sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L). The most affected plants are coconut, betel nut, champagne palm (Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (Bailey), pritchardia palm

  2. The effects of protein deprivation on alveolar immunity in BCG-vaccinated and non-vaccinated guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimball, Milton Scott

    1984-01-01

    Il OOH'IHOI Ie ~ I 52 CHOW Ie I) . 11140 j$ . 110ee . 10041 ONOO 04040 2 4 WEEKS POST CNALLENCE Figure 15. Ef'feet of' Diet on Rate of' Phagocytosis 36 oaa LEOEHO EKI v~ R HHO-vaoo . aaaa '? . aaa ~ , Oooo 2 4 WEEKS POST CHALLENGE...

  3. A Bibliographic Memorial to Amilcar Cabral: Selected Survey of Resources on the Struggle in Guinea-Bissau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kornegay, Francis Jr. A.

    1973-01-01

    October 1971 , pp. 385-394. CABRAL, AMILCAR. A Brief Report126. Interview with Cabral. ----. "Guin6e: le pouvoir desa memoriaL to Ami.Lcar CabraL (L920-L973), what foL - lows

  4. Middletown, Connecticut 06459 Ebola Travel Advisory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Ellen

    community to refrain from nonessential travel to Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone returning to the state from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. It is important

  5. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    -Bissau Maldives Papua New Guinea Swaziland Anguilla Colombia Guyana Mali Paraguay Tajikistan Argentina Comoros

  6. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    -Bissau Malawi Papua New Guinea Swaziland Argentina Colombia Guyana Malaysia Paraguay Tajikistan Armenia Comoros

  7. Instituto de Ciencias del Patrimonio MEMORIA 2012/13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitze, Patrick

    Salnés), Guinea, Etiopía, Mongolia, Uruguay y Chile. La estrategia común del Incipit se articula a través

  8. Subscribe to daily environment news

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    : Strong Quake Strikes Papua New Guinea, No Damage BELGIUM: Airlines, US Cool to EU Emissions Trading

  9. Evaluation of light microscopy and rapid diagnostic test for the detection of malaria under operational field conditions: a household survey in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Endeshaw, Tekola; Gebre, Teshome; Ngondi, Jeremiah; Graves, Patricia M.; Shargie, Estifanos B.; Ejigsemahu, Yeshewamebrat; Ayele, Berhan; Yohannes, Gedeon; Teferi, Tesfaye; Messele, Ayenew; Zerihun, Mulat; Genet, Asrat; Mosher, Aryc W.; Emerson, Paul M.; Richards, Frank O. Jr

    2008-07-03

    of whom 11,504 (82%) were included in the analysis. Overall slide positivity rate was 4.1% (95% confidence interval [CI] 3.4–5.0%) while ParaScreen RDT was positive in 3.3% (95% CI 2.6–4.1%) of those tested. Considering microscopy as the gold standard...

  10. Which nets are being used: factors associated with mosquito net use in Amhara, Oromia and Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Regions of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ngondi, Jeremiah; Graves, Patricia M.; Gebre, Teshome; Mosher, Aryc W.; Shargie, Estifanos B.; Emerson, Paul M.; Richards, Frank O. Jr; Ethiopia Malaria Indicator Survey Working Group

    2011-04-17

    is comprised by: Mekonnen Amena, Laurent Bergeron, Hana Bilak, Brian Chirwa, Firew Demeke, Wubishet Dinkessa, Yeshewamebrat Ejigsemahu, Paul M Emerson, Tekola Endeshaw, Kebede Etana, Gashu Fente, Scott Fil- ler, Anatoly Frolov, Khoti Gausi, Teshome Gebre...

  11. Effects of protein or zinc deficiency on cellular immunity in vaccinated and non-vaccinated guinea pigs with experimentally induced pulmonary listeriosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coghlan, Lezlee Helaine Graham

    1984-01-01

    values Diet Interval A PCV(X) Interval 8 PCV(X) LZ-V LZ-NV LP-V LP-NV 29. 883. 4 26. 1-2. 0 23. 722. 6* 27. 7?2. 5 31. 1?2. 4 29. 5-3. 0 23. 3?1. 3*, ? 30. 4-2. 4 C-V C-NV 30. 8-2. 0 28. 9?2. 4 31. 6-1. 3 29. 3-2. 0 Asterisk indicates a.../gram liver tissue Diet Interval A Interval 8 LZ-V LZ-NV LP-V LP-NV C-V C-NV 2. 08t0. 5 2. 21-0. 4 1. 72-0. 4 2. 40+-0. 8 2. 11t0. 9 2. 74+-0. 4 2. 28t0. 5 2. 22t0. 5 1. 90+-0. 5 3. 04-0. 8 2. 40t0. 6 2. 40=0. 5 Mean tSEM of 5-7 observations...

  12. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsMonthly","10/2015" ,"ReleaseVolume (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab atMonthly","10/2015"

  13. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008Wellhead Price (Dollars perSummary" ,"ClickAnnual",2014 ,"Release

  14. Suffering and the struggle for recognition : lived experiences of the U.S. political asylum process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Bridget Marie

    2012-01-01

    an asylum seeker from Liberia, who had recently received herwhich Daniel fled from Liberia]. And I just wanna just saycountries such as Ethiopia, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Somalia,

  15. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Lithuania LuxembourgEritrea Brunei Darussalam Liberia Fiji South AfricaEthiopia Niger Somalia Eritrea Liberia Pakistan Timor-Leste

  16. The Ethiopian Revolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayele, Negussay

    1983-01-01

    and Molyneux, p. 250. Feudalism in Ethiopia was boththe peasants who chafed under feudalism in both parts of theEthiopian masses: feudalism, imperialism and bureaucratic

  17. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Awash project, a collaborative research project in Ethiopia of the Institute of Geophysics, Planetary Physics and Signatures and University of California, Berkeley, which has...

  18. international enrollment report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    Cameroon 3 Côte d'lvoire 2 Comoros 1 Egypt 9 Eritrea 1 Ethiopia 2 Gambia 1 Ghana 1 Kenya 12 Libya 6 Malawi

  19. "Suspended Nameless in the Limbo State": Neoliberalism and Queer Caribbean Diasporas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Best, Jessica Marie

    2013-01-01

    Print. Faris, Stephen. “Starbucks vs. Ethiopia. ” Fortune.Consumers to Support Starbucks in Face of NationalCounter Chick-fil-A with Starbucks Appreciation Day. ” Los

  20. Has Democracy Reduced Inequalities in Child Mortality? An analysis of 5 million births from 50 developing countries since 1970.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Antonio Pedro

    2013-01-01

    tran- sitions countries, Pakistan. The Dark grey representintroduction of democracy in Pakistan is always associatedIndia, Nigeria, China, Pakistan, Congo and Ethiopia). Common

  1. Nutrition and Food Security in a Changing Climate: Methods for predicting household coping strategy use and Food Security in the Ethiopian Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunnes, Dana Ellis

    2013-01-01

    Structure 1.3.1 The Empire Under Haile Selassie: Under the rule of Emperor Haile Selassie, Ethiopia was a feudal agrarian

  2. Has Democracy Reduced Inequalities in Child Mortality? An analysis of 5 million births from 50 developing countries since 1970.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Antonio Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Pakistan Paraguay Indonesia Turkey Mali Ghana Cote d IvoireKyrgyzstan Bangladesh Niger Mali Ethiopia PhilippinesBangladesh Nigeria Niger Mali Uganda Philippines Turkey

  3. Vote Buying and Accountability in Democratic Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramon, Eric

    2013-01-01

    study of cousinage in Mali. American Political Sciencemoros, Ethiopia, Malawi, Mali, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo,Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia,

  4. Sustainable Land Management Through Market-Oriented Commodity...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sustainable Land Management Through Market-Oriented Commodity Development: Case studies from Ethiopia Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Sustainable Land...

  5. To: RIT Community From: Provost Jeremy Haefner and Sandra Johnson, Senior Vice President for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    (Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Nigeria). While there is no current cause for concern on our campus nonessential travel to Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia because of the unprecedented outbreak. Please see CDC

  6. EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE INFORMATION FOR NIH CLINICAL CENTER STAFF*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Jun

    in humans. The outbreak in 2014 in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia is the largest in history and is by far. The outbreak began in Guinea in December 2013 then spread to Liberia and Sierra Leone. A much smaller cluste

  7. Health and Wellness Services PO Box 642302, Pullman, WA 99164-2302

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, and Guinea) and the recent case of the traveler from Liberia presenting to Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone. The IDRT will continue to monitor the evolving situation

  8. The `Out-of-Africa' hypothesis Peter McCullagh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullagh, Peter

    The `Out-of-Africa' hypothesis Peter McCullagh Department of Statistics University of Chicago South DJIBOUTI KENYA COMOROS SEYCHELLES MOZA M B IQUE MADAGASC A R ANGOLA ALGERIA SENEGAL GUINEA-BISSAU GUINEA

  9. Microsoft Word - FY07AnnualReport.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (EZ) 1 18,000,000 FRANCE (FR) 5 8,093,198 GABON (GB) 1 441,600 GAMBIA (GA) 1 49,300 GERMANY FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF (GE) 3 1,698,498 HUNGARY (HU) 1 4,000,000 KAZAKHSTAN (KZ) 3...

  10. Potential curbed by lack of funds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustavson

    1988-08-01

    The author reviews the oil market in Africa. Some of the highlights are: Nigeria restructures NNPC to make it competitive, offers new terms; Libya redraws its concession terms in hopes of attracting more operators; New onshore finds may keep Gabon from becoming a producer in decline; and South Arica has struck what may be commercial oil south of Mossel Bay.

  11. IMPACTS OF GREENHOUSE GAS AND PARTICULATE EMISSIONS FROM WOODFUEL PRODUCTION AND END-USE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    resources like Gabon, Nigeria, and Angola, biomass constitutes the majority of national energy consumption-SAHARAN AFRICA Robert Bailis1 , David Pennise2 , Majid Ezzati3 , Daniel M. Kammen1,4 , Evans Kituyi5 1 Energy & African Center for Technology Studies, Nairobi, Kenya ABSTRACT: Household energy in sub-Saharan Africa

  12. Burning biodiversity: Woody biomass use by commercial and subsistence groups in western Uganda's forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    with large endow- ments of fossil fuels like Gabon and Nigeria, woodfuels are a significant energy source, Conservation International, 1919 M St., Washington, DC 20036, USA c Energy and Resources Group, Goldman School Devolution Community-based conservation A B S T R A C T Woodfuels are the most heavily used energy source

  13. Jenn Baka, Frank Ling, and Daniel Kammen UC Berkeley Towards Energy Independence in 2025

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    2005 Annual Energy Outlook, Table 11, Energy Information Agency. 2 Ibid. 3 Davis, S., Diegel, S, Algeria and Gabon. Sources: Oil use and import projections from 2005 EIA Annual Energy Outlook, Table 11Jenn Baka, Frank Ling, and Daniel Kammen UC Berkeley 1 Towards Energy Independence in 2025 Prepared

  14. Journal No. 10 Le savoir de nos anciens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Liberia in March 2009 (p.16) ­ a challenging construction of a bridge! Theatre "Touchatout" in Guinea

  15. Office of the University Physician

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to be successfully controlled in Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  16. Red List Category Number of species Extinct (EX) 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreone, Franco

    , and the Comoros; the Gulf of Guinea islands (Bioko, Príncipe, São Tomé and Pagalu); Socotra; and the Cape Verde

  17. Report on Education and Awareness Activities to improve the protection of wild chimpanzees and their habitat in West Africa,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and forests in Liberia (Sapo and Grebo), and in the mining concession of GAC in Guinea. Main activities 30 villages in front of over 25.000 spectators in Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia and Guinea during the year for the films in Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia and Guinea (Table 1). Table 1. Number of villages and spectators

  18. To: All Program Directors Re: CDC recommendation regarding community members who have recently

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    in West Africa currently affected by Ebola virus. The countries are Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone. Important message for students and postdocs: If you have recently traveled through/from Guinea, Liberia/through Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, or Nigeria within the past 21 days we ask that you contact JBT at 503

  19. August 18, 2014 Dear Members of the Tufts Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    of Ebola hemorrhagic fever in several West African countries--currently Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea of developing the disease. Nevertheless, if you have been in Sierra Leone, Guinea, Liberia or Nigeria The CDC has issued a warning advising against all non-essential travel to Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia

  20. Wild coffee production in Ethiopia: the role of coffee certification for forest conservation 1 Introduction This is the html version of the file http://web.fu-berlin.de/ffu/akumwelt/bc2006/papers/Schmitt_Grote_Coffee.pdf.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Introduction This is the html version of the file http://web.fu-berlin.de/ffu/akumwelt/bc2006/papers/Schmitt_Grote_Coffee.pdf. G o o g l e automatically generates html versions of documents as we crawl the web. Google

  1. Tropical hardwood markets Genve le 8 octobre 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liberia Ghana RCA R-Congo RDC 1000m3 1998 (11 M m3) 1999 (12,2 M m3) 2000 (13,3 M m3) 2001 (12,9 M m3% 17% 17% 12% 8% 5% 6% Malaisie (4.3 M m3) Gabon (2 M m3) Indonésie (2 M m3) PNG (1.5 M m3) Liberia (0

  2. Essays on Trade, Infrastructure, and Human Capital Outcomes in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panda, Pallavi

    2015-01-01

    Even though, Mozambique, Liberia, Ethiopia and Cote D’IvoireRepublic of Congo, Liberia and Sierra Leone. Zimbabwe has2000 Lesotho Y October 2, 2000 Liberia Y December 29, 2006

  3. Desalination Basics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Faso 20 1690 808 773 745 Ethiopia 110 1749 1020 970 932 Somalia 16 1789 778 741 714 Pakistan 255 1805 1063 1016 973 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 129 1827 1400 1293 1206 India 1908...

  4. Visa Students by Country of Citizenship -November 2013 Region Undergraduate Graduate Total

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Togo 0 0 0 272 7 279 Burundi 8 1 9 Comoros 0 0 0 Djibouti 2 0 2 Eritrea 6 1 7 Ethiopia 11 1 12 Kenya 23

  5. Spatially explicit, individual-based modelling of pastoralists' mobility in the rangelands of east Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacOpiyo, Laban Adero

    2005-11-01

    An agent based-model of mobility of pastoralists was developed and applied to the semi-arid rangeland region extending from southern Ethiopia to northern Kenya. This model was used to investigate temporal adaptation of pastoralists to the spatial...

  6. Copulas and Temporal Dependence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beare, Brendan

    2008-01-01

    York. Fentaw, A. and Naik-Nimbalkar, U. V. (2008). Dynamic2007). Fentaw and Naik-Nimbalkar (2008) develop methodsEthiopia (Fentaw and Naik-Nimbalkar, 2008). Gagliardini and

  7. Copulas and Temporal Dependence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beare, Brendan K.

    2009-01-01

    York. Fentaw, A. and Naik-Nimbalkar, U. V. (2008). Dynamic2007). Fentaw and Naik-Nimbalkar (2008) develop methodsEthiopia (Fentaw and Naik-Nimbalkar, 2008). Gagliardini and

  8. NREL: Technology Transfer - African Delegation Exchanges Knowledge...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Experts May 18, 2015 Tapping into 14,000 megawatts of geothermal potential in eastern Africa is the focus one new collaboration at NREL. Six visitors from Djibouti, Ethiopia, and...

  9. Predicting the Introduction and Transmission of Rift Valley Fever Virus in the United States 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golnar, Andrew John

    2014-12-09

    Africa, Nigeria, Egypt, Senegal, Ethiopia, Yemen and Angola are identified as regions at-risk for importing RVFV to the U.S. Published and unpublished data on RVFV vector competence, vertebrate host competence, and mosquito feeding patterns from...

  10. Assessment of a Food for Work Program and the Drought Survival Needs of Ethiopian Communities in the Northern Tigray Region 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett, Ryan

    2012-02-14

    The highland Tigray region of Northern Ethiopia has historically suffered significantly from drought shock events. These events, coupled with a high poverty rate- have left a severe impact on the agricultural output and ...

  11. Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midling, Michael B

    2011-01-01

    13(4): [34] Vogl, Martin. “Mali Opposition Party DemandsMozambique, Ethiopia, and Mali. The primary buyers of theseentirely. For example, in Mali over 2 million acres of

  12. 10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 Nigeria 2 Ghana 1 Cameroon 1 Zambia 1 Morocco 1 Ethiopia 2 Zimbabwe 1 South Africa 2 Malawi 1 Swaziland 1

  13. 10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 128 - - 18 22 Asian and African Area Studies 1 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2 Nigeria 2 Ghana 1 Cameroon 1 Zambia 1 Morocco 1 Ethiopia 2

  14. Geographic trends in research output and citations in veterinary medicine: insight into global research capacity, species specialization, and interdisciplinary relationships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher, Mary M; Marusic, Ana

    2013-01-01

    India, Germany, Brazil, Canada, France, Turkey, and Japan (Germany) Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (Turkey)Germany had the largest increase in FA articles (59 to 193), with high relative increases in China, Ethiopia, Iran, and Turkey.

  15. Adding Fuel to the Fire; the Effect of Political Unrest on Forest Burning in Sub-Saharan Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duff, Alice

    2012-11-29

    The connection between forest fires and political unrest has been noted throughout the literature (see Thomas, 2012,) and in a number of countries including; Malawi, Madagascar, Kenya and Ethiopia (Kull, 2002, Hoffmann et ...

  16. Ministers Meet in Addis Ababa for U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of Djibouti, the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, the Gabonese Republic, the Republic of the Gambia,...

  17. 90 COMPUTER Published by the IEEE Computer Society 0018-9162/14/$31.00 2014 IEEE STANDARDSDISCOVERY ANALYTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramakrishnan, Naren

    transmission--Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone--due to various social considerations. Even syndromic tested positive for Ebola, the most common words included "Liberia," "Africa," "virus," "outbreak

  18. 730 | 146 | 20% 102 | 16 | 16%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    % Guinea 1 | 0 | 0% Senegal 2 | 1 | 50% Sierra Leone 2 | 0 | 0% Liberia 3 | 0 | 0% Ivory Coast 4|0|0% Ghana

  19. Contested Jurisdictions: Legitimacy and Governance at the Special Court for Sierra Leone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kendall, Sara

    2009-01-01

    The Destruction of Liberia and the Religious Dimension of anrepercussions in neighboring Liberia and Guinea. Over theentered the country from Liberia in March of 1991 with the

  20. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo, Dem. Rep. Congo,Bissau Chad Sierra Leone Comoros Vanuatu Afghanistan NigerBissau Freq. Swaziland Comoros Papua New Guinea Yemen, Rep.

  1. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial Co-Chairs' Summary from Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of Djibouti, the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, the Gabonese Republic, the Republic of the Gambia,...

  2. Investigations of marine cyanobacterial secondary metabolites : isolation, structure elucidation, and synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nunnery, Joshawna Kay

    2012-01-01

    chlorinated metabolite of the marine cyanophyte LyngbyaCannabinomimetic lipid from a marine cyanobacterium. J. Nat.New Guinea collection of the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya

  3. IMPORTANT---TRAVEL TO AND FROM EBOLA-IMPACTED AREAS January 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    --Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. There have been no cases of Ebola in Oklahoma, but OU must take the appropriate, and staff travel for University purposes to Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. 1. OU students, faculty, Liberia, and Sierra Leone to contact OU Health Services to arrange a risk assessment by telephone

  4. HARVARD UNIVERSITY Office of the Provost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corey, David P.

    , Guinea and Liberia, and of cases of Ebola infection in nearby Nigeria. In order to protect the health to avoid non-essential travel to Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia. If you need safety and security advice, Liberia or Nigeria in the past four weeks and have not already been in contact with Harvard University

  5. On the Cutting Edge of C H I C A G O

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherman, S. Murray

    infection. The rVl0-2 vaccine is currently undergoing US FDA pre-Investigational New Drug authorization the pneumonic form of plague in guinea pigs, offering a more convenient, ethical, and cost-effective animal D, Hermanas T, Schnee- wind O. Plague in Guinea pigs and its prevention by subunit vaccines. Am J

  6. Differentiating Effects and Localization of Estrogen Receptors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;69:63­76 Projections of the Estrogen Receptor-Immunoreactive Ventrolateral Hypothalamus to Other Estrogen Receptor hypothalamus W Guinea pig Abstract The ventrolateral hypothalamus in female guinea pigs includes an estrogen receptor dense region adjacent to the ventromedial hypothalamus. This region is recipro- cally connected

  7. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 1996, Vol. 8, 673685 Efferent Projections from the Ovarian Steroid Receptor-Containing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Receptor-Containing Area of the Ventrolateral Hypothalamus in Female Guinea Pigs K. H. N. Ricciardi*, J. C, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA. Key words: preoptic area, ventromedial hypothalamus, midbrain, Phaseolus, estrogen receptors. Abstract The ventrolateral hypothalamus (VLH) in female guinea

  8. WEST AFRICAN DRUMMING, GEOGRAPHY, HISTORY, LANGUAGE, MULTICULTURALISM AND AT-RISK STUDENTS IN THE MUSIC CLASSROOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bassett, Dylan A.

    2010-06-09

    Background……………………………………………………………………. 4 Literature Review…………………………………………………………….. 5 Chapter II: Traditional Music in Traditional and Modern West Africa: Drumming Styles of the Wolof in Senegal; Ga, Ewe, and Akan of Ghana; and Mande of Guinea... ……………………………………………….9 Commonalities in Various West African Drumming Styles…………. 9 Senegal: Traditional Drumming Styles……………………………… … 12 Ghana: Traditional Drumming Styles………………………………… ..18 Guinea: Traditional Drumming Styles………………………………… . 23 Traditional Music...

  9. Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

  10. Lemba, 1650-1930: A Drum of Affliction in Africa and the New World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janzen, John M.

    1982-01-01

    , and Portuguese colonial rule, mission activity, European commercial hegemony, and mechanized transport, its three-century presence across the north-bank Lower Congo/Zaire region, and its move with slave-emigrants to the New World where it still survives, make... coast, Ikenga, the cult of the hand in Eastern Nigeria, Bwiti in Gabon, Nzila in Western Zambia, as well as Beni-Ngoma and the Kalela Dance in East Africa, and the Copper Belt, or the Isangoma diviners association in South Africa. Going beyond...

  11. Dupont-Nivet, G., Sier, M., Campisano, C.J., Arrowsmith, J R., DiMaggio, E., Reed, K., Lockwood, C., Franke, C., and Hsing, S., 2008, Magnetostratigraphy of the eastern Hadar Basin (Ledi-Geraru research area, Ethiopia) and implications for hominin paleoen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    of the world's most complete collections of homi- nins (Johanson and Taieb, 1976; Johanson et al., 1982; Kimbel

  12. The effect of protein deficiency and M. bovis BCG vaccination on interleukin 2 activity in tuberculous ginea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parr, Rebecca Lynne

    1987-01-01

    . The influence of exogenous Il-2 on mitogen (Con A)-stimulated proliferation of blood lymphocytes from normal guinea pigs. 5. Production of Il-2 by lymphocytes from the blood and spleen of BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) or non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs 3-4 weeks.... rculosis recoverable from the spleen of BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) and non-vaccinated (NV) tuberculous guinea pigs. . . . . . 52 X1V Figure 8. Number of viable N b cu osis recoverable page from the lung from BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) and non-vaccinated (NV...

  13. Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Kristin

    2009-01-01

    aimed at securing oil resources in the Gulf of Guinea (of (as yet unproven) oil resources in Angola (EIA 2008; Lylemost valuable natural resource: oil. But oil extraction—both

  14. An Investigation into the Historical Distribution, Prevalence, and Host Community of Monkeypox Virus (MPXV) Among Funisciurus Museum Skin Specimens from Central Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiee, Madeline

    2015-01-01

    within Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Cote d’Ivoire, Nigeria,from Cote d’Ivoire, 2 from Liberia, 13 from Rwanda, 1 fromGuinea), and county (Liberia) levels. All samples with

  15. West Africa -A Safe Haven for Frogs? A Sub-Continental Assessment of the Chytrid Fungus (Batrachochytrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the River - A Transboundary Peace Park for Sierra Leone and Liberia, Kenema, Sierra Leone, 10 Forestry'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone - and were collected from a variety of habitats, ranging from

  16. BIOLOGY SEMINAR MELINDA DENTON ENDOWED LECTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shlizerman, Eli

    @u.washington.edu Monday, April 06, 2015 "Phylogenetic ecology of plant/insect food webs: examples from the New Guinea forest community is explained by the phylogeny and functional traits of host plants. We destructively

  17. Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Kristin

    2009-01-01

    2005. Bassey, Nnimmo. 2000. “Oil and Gas in Africa. ” Paperat the Gulf of Guinea Oil and Gas Conference. February 5 –6,Mercury from Discharges from Oil and Gas Platforms. http://

  18. Burns 24 (1998) 166-172 Early nonsurgical removal of chemically injured tissue enhances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palanker, Daniel

    1998-01-01

    analog to sulfur mustard - mustard gas) in an experimental guinea pig model. Debridase was most effective for warfare chemicals such as white phosphorous [6] and mustard gas (MG) - the most widely used warfare

  19. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    Romania Russia Chapter 7, Imports and Exports Exports Coke2] (t) Exports Imports Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda St.Exports Imports Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russia

  20. PROC. ENTOMOL. SOC. WASH. 108(4), 2006, pp. 1002-1004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Dale H.

    m. All ticks been deposited in the USNTC as acces- were shipped in 70% ethanol to RGR, sion RML Australia: Queensland, Archbold Expedition, Iron Range AMNH Casuarius Papua New Guinea: F. Klekham casuarius

  1. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Natural Gas Imports From Canada (MMcf)","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Egypt (MMcf)","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (MMcf)","U.S....

  2. Toward the African Cinema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minot, Gilbert

    1983-01-01

    TOWARD THE AFRICAN CINEMA* By Gilbert Minot Guinea gainedAfrica to devise a national cinema policy. So we created, ascontact with the different cinemas in Africa. For in-

  3. DOE - Fossil Energy:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6 Docket No. Date Filed CTY Application LinkCompany Ord. No. FE06-06-LNG 010906 Republic of Equatorial Guinea BG LNG Services, LLC 2288 FE06-05-LNG 010606 Arab Republic of...

  4. Carving the spirits of the wood: an enquiry into Trobriand materialisations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarillo de la Torre, Sergio

    2013-10-08

    , Papua New Guinea. The dissertation analyses previously overlooked material expressions in the form of woodcarvings for sale (tokwalu) to outsiders. Throughout the thesis, I demonstrate how Trobrianders conceive tokwalu as symbolic and material...

  5. Three Essays On Agricultural and Forestry Offsets In Climate Change Mitigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Siyi

    2012-07-16

    , New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu 17 RCAM Antigua Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras...

  6. What We Know About Coyotillo 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, Robert K.; Machen, Richard V.

    2000-05-16

    Coyotillo is a toxic plant that has poisoned people, cattle, sheep, goats, guinea pigs, horses, swine and chickens. This publication describes the plant, lists symptoms of livestock poisoning and discusses preventive measures....

  7. ,"U.S. Crude Oil Imports"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports from Denmark of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day)","U.S. Imports from Egypt of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day)","U.S. Imports from Equatorial Guinea of Crude...

  8. ,"U.S. Crude Oil Imports"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports from Denmark of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Imports from Egypt of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Imports from Equatorial Guinea of Crude Oil...

  9. The influence of diet and vaccination on thymus-dependent (T) lymphocytes in experimental pulmonary tuberculosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartow, Rebecca Ann

    1986-01-01

    PPD-induced blastogenesis in vitro of peripheral blood lymphocytes obtained from BCG vaccinated (VACC) and non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs at weekly intervals following pulmonary challenge with virulent mycobacteria Proliferative response in vitro... to Concanavalin A of peripheral blood lymphocytes isolated from BCG vaccinated (VACC) and non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs at weekly intervals following pulmonary challenge with virulent mycobacteria. . . . . . 44 I. ymphoproliferation in vitro to PPD of spleno...

  10. Supplement 24, Part 5, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Parasites: Arthropoda and Miscellaneous Phyla 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.; Shaw, Judith H.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Kirby, Margie D.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Zidar, Judith A.

    1982-01-01

    , 1897, H. dentipalpis Warburton ? Nuttall, 1909) (Burma, Viverra t_. tangalunga; Pahang, Negri Sembilan, North Borneo, Felis bengalensis tingia; Pahang, F. pardus fusca; Negri Sembilan, Paradoxurus hermaphroditus philippinensis; North Borneo...-99 (Dorcopsis sp. ; Merauke (Dutch New Guinea) ) Zwart, D., (1959C), 812-831 (wallaby; Dutch New Guinea) Haemaphysalis bandicota Hoogstraal, H. & Kohls, G, ?. , (1965A), 460-466 (Bandicota spp. ; Taiwan, Thailand and Burma) Haemaphysalis bartelsi Schulze...

  11. Precambrian Research 170 (2009) 129156 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    2009-01-01

    Research journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/precamres Cryogenian slate-carbonate sequences Neoproterozoic Cryogenian Sturtian Sr and C isotope stratigraphy a b s t r a c t Ethiopia's youngest stratigraphies are effective for regional correlation and form the basis for a composite reference section

  12. THE SOCIO-SPATIAL SYNERGY IN LAND GOVERNANCE: A CASE OF INFORMAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    governance that can be harnessed to aid monitoring of the post-2015 global developmental agenda. 15 #12;MANYTHE SOCIO-SPATIAL SYNERGY IN LAND GOVERNANCE: A CASE OF INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS IN BAHIR DAR, ETHIOPIA relationships between social and spatial processes are key drivers of the economic, cultural and environmental

  13. Proposed Considerations for Revision of EBCS-8:1995 for Conservative Seismic Zoning and Stringent Requirements for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    in a building frame in seismic design using the ESL (Equivalent Static Load) procedure. Likewise, the seismicProposed Considerations for Revision of EBCS-8:1995 for Conservative Seismic Zoning and Stringent@digitaladdis.com Abstract: There is a significant variation in seismic zoning adopted in Ethiopia for urban areas between

  14. Carbon Smackdown: Cookstoves for the developing world

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Ashok Gadgil, Kayje Booker, and Adam Rausch

    2010-09-01

    In this June 30, 2010 Berkeley Lab summer lecture, learn how efficient cookstoves for the developing world ? from Darfur to Ethiopia and beyond ? are reducing carbon dioxide emissions, saving forests, and improving health. Berkeley Lab's Ashok Gadgil, Kayje Booker, and Adam Rausch discuss why they got started in this great challenge and what's next.

  15. Increased use of Renewable Energy in Africa through a Program of Energy Enterprise Development and Investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christine Eibs Singer

    2005-03-11

    To provide training in enterprise development and technical applications, local partner capacity building, individualized enterprise development services and seed capital investment to catalyze the creation of sustainable renewable energy enterprises that deliver clean energy services to households and businesses in South Africa, Ethiopia and Tanzania.

  16. 29AFRICAN SKIES/CIEUX AFRICAINS, No. 10, October 2006 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Usoskin, Ilya G.

    in Ethiopia and also describes a successful collaborative project between Oulu University (Finland) and BahirRin collaboration with their counterparts from theRUniversity of Oulu in Finland, successfully established photometer and pulsation magnetometer from Finland. The project was funded by the Academy of Finland. After

  17. "The Birth of a Democracy: Homegrown Bicameralism in Somaliland"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of security required for development. Berbera's port and the road linking it to Ethiopia's capital city Addis to the elders the control of violence and banditry to protect the traders who then pay taxes in return for the country's road and port services. Then, the redistribution of fiscal revenues across regions described

  18. Georgia Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Burundi, Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda) and is used-Fired Power Plants in the Chattahoochee-Apalachicola (ACF) & Etowah-Coosa (ACT) Rivers Basic Information Title: Toxic Metalloid (As, Se, Sb) Enrichment from Coal-Fired Power Plants in the Chattahoochee

  19. Predicting Discharge and Erosion for the Abay (Blue Nile) with a Simple Model1 Tammo S. Steenhuis1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and potential evaporation data35 and a minimum of calibration parameters. This model was applied to the Blue and Schaldach,2008). There is a particular need to develop53 further existing hydropower and irrigation potential of the Abay (Blue Nile) for socio-economic54 development in Ethiopia, while maintaining

  20. Hominid/Human Evolution Geology 331

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammer, Thomas

    baby chimps more than adult chimps. Humans are said to be paedomorphic. #12;Neoteny in Human Evolution. Humans resemble baby apes more than adult apes. Humans are said to be paedomorphic. Chimp Gorilla #12 fossils #12;A Hominid Jawbone in Ethiopia #12;Sahelanthropus tchadensis, 6.5 MY old #12;Sahelanthropus

  1. Energy access scenarios to 2030 for the power sector in sub-Saharan Africa Morgan Bazilian a,*, Patrick Nussbaumer a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    , Austria b International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria c The Energy Center, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana dDiscussion Energy access scenarios to 2030 for the power sector in sub-Saharan Africa Morgan, Austria f KTH Technical University, Stockholm, Sweden g African Union Commission, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia h

  2. Carbon loading of alveolar macrophages in adults and children exposed to biomass smoke particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    Carbon loading of alveolar macrophages in adults and children exposed to biomass smoke particles morbidity in both women and children in the developing world. However, the amount of carbon reaching lower aimed to compare AM carbon loading in women and children exposed to biomass PM in Gondar, Ethiopia

  3. ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and Northern Saudi Arabia in Wadi Kareim and Wadi Mobarak in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and the Nuwaybah formation in NW Saudi and extends from Egypt, Israel, and Jordan to Ethiopia and Yemen. The ANS (Fig. 1a) developed during

  4. FO:AFWC/2012/9 January 2012 E

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the implementation of community-based forest and related natural resources management activities. II. Disseminate effects of Eucalyptus plantations in Eastern Africa; a review of the status of forest policy in Ethiopia file of the manual "The biometrics of Non Wood Forest Products resource assessment: a review of current

  5. CSIRO PUBLISHING www.publish.csiro.au/journals/wr Wildlife Research, 2008, 35, 409416

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Lee

    Ababa, Ethiopia. D Corresponding author. Email: paulevan@nrel.colostate.edu Abstract. The use climatic, topographical and vegetative variables. Three model evaluation methods showed a strong performance of the final model with an overall accuracy of 90%, Cohen's maximised of 0.80 and area under

  6. RESEARCH Open Access Ecotypic variation for seed dormancy, longevity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snow, Allison A.

    and persistence Asfaw Adugna Abstract Seed dispersal is one of the vehicles of gene flow in plants. If a seedCorrespondence: asfaw123@rediffmail.com Melkassa Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 1085, Adama, Ethiopia a SpringerOpen Journal © 2013 Adugna; licensee Springer. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms

  7. RESEARCH ARTICLE Population genetic structure of in situ wild Sorghum bicolor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snow, Allison A.

    center of origin based on SSR markers Asfaw Adugna · Allison A. Snow · Patty M. Sweeney · Endashaw Bekele users. A. Adugna Á E. Bekele Department of Biology, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Present Address: A. Adugna (&) Melkassa Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 1085, Adama

  8. Complex seismic anisotropy at the border of a very low velocity province at the base of the Earth's mantle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wen, Lianxing

    Complex seismic anisotropy at the border of a very low velocity province at the base of the Earth at distances between 90° and 150° by the seismic stations in three temporary broadband PASSCAL seismic arrays: the Kaapvaal seismic array (1997­1999), the Tanzania seismic array (1994­1995), and the Ethiopia/Kenya seismic

  9. Development, Innovation and International Political

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, René Rydhof

    challenges such as food insecurity, abject poverty, reliance on foreign assistance and unemployment. Although enterprises have the potential to fill the gap by alleviating extreme poverty among the masses Poverty in Ethiopia is widespread and remains a major challenge of sustainable development and stability

  10. Precambrian Research 154 (2007) 88106 Detrital zircon UPb geochronology of Cryogenian diamictites and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    2007-01-01

    Precambrian Research 154 (2007) 88­106 Detrital zircon U­Pb geochronology of Cryogenian diamictites; accepted 14 December 2006 Abstract Detrital zircon geochronology of Neoproterozoic diamictites; Detrital zircon geochronology; Ethiopia Corresponding author. E-mail address: avigad@vms.huji.ac.il (D

  11. Prof. S.K. Saha MuDRA: Connecting engineering minds with society 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saha, Subir Kumar

    Prof. S.K. Saha MuDRA: Connecting engineering minds with society 1 MultibodyMultibody DynamicsEngineeringMinds with SocietyConnectingEngineeringMinds with Society -------- Prof. S.K. Saha Naren Gupta Chair Professor Dept the Seriesin the Series Total: 31 India: 26 Poland: 1 Ethiopia: 1 USA: 1 Mexico: 2 #12;Prof. S.K. Saha Mu

  12. Human Resource Constraints for Electricity Regulation in Developing Countries: Has Anything Changed?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollitt, Michael G.; Stern, Jon

    /or higher institutional quality countries Table 3 Staff Numbers for African Electricity Regulators Country No Total Staff No Professional Staff Electrification Rate (%) Algeria** 39* 31* 98 Egypt 49 N/A 98 Ethiopia 60+ N/A 15 Namibia... K IN G P A P E R Abstract HUMAN RESOURCE CONSTRAINTS FOR ELECTRICITY REGULATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: HAS ANYTHING CHANGED? EPRG Working Paper EPRG 0910 Cambridge Working Paper in Economics CWPE 0914 Michael G.Pollitt and Jon Stern...

  13. Thwarting Successful Piracy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carchidi, Arielle 1990-

    2012-05-03

    ”, “Barbados”, “Belgium”, “Belize”, “Bermuda”, “Brazil”, “Bulgaria”, “Canary Islands”, “Cayman Islands”, “China”, “Comoros”, “Croatia”, “Cyprus”, “Denmark”, “Dominica”, “Ecuador”, “Egypt”, “Ethiopia”, “France”, “Germany”, “Gibraltar”, “Greece”, “Honduras....9960 14.7403 0.9957 0 Canary Islands 4.6349 0.9986 5.0807 0.9987 14.6568 0.9965 15.4434 0.9963 0 Cayman Islands 8.8093 0.9947 3.3827 0.9966 9.5159 0.9965 9...

  14. WILD CHIMPANZEE FOUNDATION Volunteer Position

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    d'Ivoire, Guinea and Liberia. WCF has been in operation since 2000 for the conservation of chimpanzees and other biodiversity in West Africa. The WCF has worked on projects in Liberia since 2008, to support WCF activities in southeastern Liberia. Working with the Field Coordinator and WCF team, based

  15. Temporal Variations in the Effective Reproduction Number of the 2014 West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leone, and Liberia up to September 8, 2014, and employ novel methodology to estimate how the rate to the outbreak data. Results We find that for Liberia and Guinea, the effective reproduction number rose, rather, Liberia, and Sierra Leone announced plans to impose a military- enforced mass quarantine of entire regions

  16. Ebola Protocol Bradley University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanyes, Ollie

    in the last 21 days? 2. Have you traveled to Liberia, Sierra Leone, or Guinea in that time? 3. Do you have will be asked to move to Lovelace Hall for a period of 21 days since their return from Liberia, Sierra Leone

  17. Summary of biomonitoring activities of the Wild Chimpanzee Foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inventories and biomonitoring activities in National Parks and Protected Forests of Côte d'Ivoire and Liberia Foundation has implemented biomonitoring programs in protected areas in Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia and Guinea Park. Inventories were conducted in the Taï area between Liberia and Côte d'Ivoire to study

  18. MODELING THE SPREAD OF EBOLA Ebola is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with a strain of Ebola virus. The current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrow, James A.

    Liberia and Sierra Leone and Guinea to parameterize a mathematical model of Ebola. We model the course is disastrous but it can be well controlled. The three methods we developed tested across Liberia and Sierra or drug for Ebola so that we can optimize the eradication of Ebola. We use existing data from Liberia

  19. HANNAH APPEL University of California, Berkeley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the crude's gaseous byproducts. This vast, self-propelling, shiplike structure floated above an oil field, the production chain of Equatorial Guinea's oil was clearest to me by helicopter, far off the country's shoresHANNAH APPEL University of California, Berkeley Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how

  20. letters to nature 930 NATURE |VOL 411 |21 JUNE 2001 |www.nature.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Brian

    and ¯exural rotation of initially high-angle normal faults4 . The D'Entrecasteaux islands of Papua New Guinea rate (,25 mmyr-1 )5 . Here we present evidenceÐbased on isostatic modelling, geological data and heat of the palaeo-Papuan peninsula west of 1538 209 E including the D'Entrecasteaux islands and the Goodenough basin

  1. Identification of optimum potassium nutrition of greenhouse plants grown in recirculating subirrigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blessington, Trisha R.

    2002-01-01

    of this research was to determine the optimum potassium nutrition of greenhouse plants grown in recirculating subirrigation. New Guinea impatiens 'Ovation Salmon Pink Swirl' were grown in recirculating subirrigation trays using 0 -12 mM K, with constant 1.5 mM P...

  2. Dietary alteration of the interaction between alveolar macrophages and lymphocytes in experimental tuberculosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaotong

    1996-01-01

    To study the interaction of alveolar macrophages (AM) and splenocytes (SC) and the dietary effects on the interaction of AM and SC in a guinea pig model of pulmonary tuberculosis, the ConA-induced proliferation of SC was quantified under various...

  3. HAWAII NATURAL ENERGY INSTITUTEwww.hnei.hawaii.edu Bioenergy Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HAWAII NATURAL ENERGY INSTITUTEwww.hnei.hawaii.edu Bioenergy Research Hawaii Natural Energy Institute Briefing for Rear Admiral Matthew Klunder Chief of Naval Research Hawaii Natural Energy Institute University of Hawaii September 7, 2012 #12;Corn Sweet Sorghum Sugarcane Guinea Grass Banagrass Eucalyptus

  4. -Actin: disposition, quantities, and estimated effects on lung recoil and compliance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Actin: disposition, quantities, and estimated effects on lung recoil and compliance E. H. OLDMIXON, Jr. -Actin: disposition, quantities, and estimated effects on lung recoil and compliance. J Appl by measuring dispo- sition and quantities of -smooth muscle actin in rat and guinea pig lungs and modeling its

  5. Mallomonas kalinae (Synurophyceae), a new species of alga from northern Bohemia, Czech Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    recorded as M. cf. rasilis from Malaysia, Australia and Papua New Guinea (Dürrschmidt & Croome 1985, Vyverman & Cronberg 1993), and as M. rasilis from Australia and Central Europe (Croome & Tyler 1988 with distilled water and the cells on the fil- ter were dehydrated through a graded ethanol series. The filter

  6. Field observations and theoretical studies relevant to enhanced in situ carbonation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    similar in size are in Papua New Guinea (~ 10,000 km 2 in outcrop), New Caledonia (~ 6000 km 2 ) and along the east coast of the Adriatic Sea (several ~ 4000 km 2 massifs). Proposed exothermic self of chemical potential energy. Fyfe (1974) proposed that exothermic hydration of olivine to form the hydrous

  7. Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia exposed on Obi Island, eastern Indonesia. Until the late Neogene, Obi formed part of the southern tectonic history of eastern Indonesia and northern New Guinea has been dominated by the punctuated

  8. RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation genetics of Boelen's python (Morelia boeleni)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin, Christopher C.

    individual. All 16 wild-caught M. boeleni from Indonesia and all captive M. boeleni are genetically uniform diversity of M. boeleni used captive breeding programs in zoological parks. Keywords Indonesia Á MC1R Á mt above 1000 m and below the tree line (Brongersma 1953; O'Shea 1996). In Papua New Guinea, an independent

  9. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 243266, 2008 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/8/243/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grilli, Stéphan T.

    ) can cause devastating local tsunamis that strike without warning. There is a comprehensive data set/243/2008/ © Author(s) 2008. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences The Papua New Guinea tsunami of 17 July 1998: anatomy of a catastrophic event D. R. Tappin1, P

  10. Proceedings of the Seventh International Workshop on Biological Control and Management of Chromolaena odorata and Mikania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Gadi VP

    Pre-release research on biocontrol agents for chromolaena in South Africa 68 Costas Zachariades, Lorraine Strathie, Oona Delgado and Estianne Retief Establishment of two biocontrol agents on Chromolaena and G.V.P. Reddy Biocontrol of Chromolaena odorata in Papua New Guinea 53 Michael Day and Ingu Bofeng

  11. NEAL EDWARD BLAIR Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    60208 ph: (847) 491-8790 fax: (847) 491-4011 e-mail: n-blair@northwestern.edu Publications Terrestrial isotopic composition of monosodium glutamate: Biochemical pathways and product source identification. J in the Gulf of Papua deltaic complex (Papua New Guinea): net loss of terrestrial C and diagenetic

  12. C. L. Staines. 2012. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). Tribe Eurispini. http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera-Hispines.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    & Hawkeswood 1995: 151 (host plants); Staines 1997b: 416 (note); Staines & Staines 1999: 525 (Baly species list. Donckier 1899: 540 (catalog); Gestro 1907: 81 (museum list). Distribution. New Guinea. Food plant. Unknown (classification); Uhmann 1940g: 121 (claws), 1951a: 23 (museum list), 1958e: 189 (catalog), 1959d: 8 (scutellum

  13. Melyrid beetles (Choresine): A putative source for the batrachotoxin alkaloids found in poison-dart frogs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melyrid beetles (Choresine): A putative source for the batrachotoxin alkaloids found in poison a Colombian poison-dart frog and later found in certain passerine birds of New Guinea. Neither vertebrate in the mid-1960s in skin extracts from a Colombian poison-dart frog (family Dendrobatidae) (1, 2). The name

  14. Sediment Problems and Sediment Management in Asian River Basins (Proceedings of the Workshop held at Hyderabad, India, September 2009) (IAHS Publ. 349, 2011).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    Sediment Problems and Sediment Management in Asian River Basins (Proceedings of the Workshop held and change characterisation: a new management tool for the Ramu River Communities in Papua New Guinea NICK A within the dry season. With evidence of an increase in fine sediment load, the Ramu Communities would

  15. J BIOCHEM MOLECULAR TOXICOLOGY Volume 20, Number 3, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    chemicals, including the ubiquitous environmental contaminant 2,3,7,8- tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. Here, we competi- tively bound to the guinea pig hepatic cytosolic AhR, inhibited 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin.interscience.wiley.com). DOI 10.1002/jbt.20126 KEYWORDS: 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin; TCDD; Ah Receptor; Diuron; Urea

  16. I n f o r m a t i o n e n H a u s d r u c k e r e i

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Matthias

    (Islas Malvinas) (adm. by UK, claimed by Argentina) Kuwait Canary Islands (Sp.) Sao Tome & Principe) Bang. Andaman Islands (India) Thailand Indonesia Malaysia Brunei Philippines Taiwan Cambodia Vietnam Laos Australia Papua New Guinea New Zealand Fiji New Caledonia Solomon Islands Kiribati Marshall

  17. DOI 10.1007/s00382-015-2668-0 Why the South Pacific Convergence Zone is diagonal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthews, Adrian

    tropical Pacific Ocean during austral sum- mer (Fig. 1a). The SPCZ is oriented diagonally, stretch- ing northwest­southeast from New Guinea to the central, subtropical Pacific Ocean (Vincent 1994, the majority of precipi- tation over the Pacific Ocean is concentrated in the South Pacific Convergence Zone

  18. DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2007.128082 2007;581;787-800; originally published online Mar 15, 2007;J. Physiol.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mawe, Gary M.

    DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2007.128082 2007;581;787-800; originally published online Mar 15, 2007;J-induced synaptic facilitation Synaptic plasticity in myenteric neurons of the guinea-pig distal colon: presynaptic-pig distal colon: presynaptic mechanisms of inflammation- induced synaptic facilitation Eric M. Krauter1

  19. Booker House P.O. Box 400308 Charlottesville, VA 22904-4308 Phone: 434-924-3728 Fax: 434-982-2920 Vice Provost for Global Affairs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    , the U.S. Department of State has issued a Travel Alert on Potential Implications for Travel Because Traveler's Health U.S. Department of State Travel Resources Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) ­ U: "Nonessential travel to Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone should be avoided". Travelers to Nigeria

  20. Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 Unraveling the conundrum of river response to rising sea level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary

    Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 1 Unraveling the conundrum of river of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 2 Fly-Strickland River system, Papua New Guinea to Holocene of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 3 Mississippi River was able to resist drowning due to sea

  1. For Release: 9:20 a.m. PST, January 9, 2007 CHANDRA X-RAY TELESCOPE DISCOVERS COMPANION TO BRIGHT STAR IN THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, David

    : Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa. The companion star was discovered accidentally miles away from the car. Although this angular separation is very small, it is well within that of the Sun, is very luminous (giving off about 34,000 times as much energy as our Sun every second

  2. World frontiers beckon oil finders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01

    This paper discusses the international aspects of the petroleum industry. Most who work in the industry agree that the possibilities for huge are found largely in international regions. Something that is helping fuel that possibility is the way countries are increasingly opening their doors to US oil industry involvement. Listed in this paper is a partial list of the reported projects now underway around the world involving US companies. It is not intended to be comprehensive, but rather an indication of how work continues despite a general lull atmosphere for the oil industry. These include Albania, Bulgaria, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ireland, Malta, Madagascar, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Panama, Paraquay, and Senegal.

  3. Microsoft Word - Full report_cover page_colour pages.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: Energy ResourcesDec 2005 WindPRO isMickey HotMicrosemi Corp JumpEthiopia

  4. Sustainable Land Management Through Market-Oriented Commodity Development:

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEuropeEnergySustainability Center ofCase studies from Ethiopia

  5. Standard Guide for Irradiation of Pre-packaged Processed Meat and Poultry Products to Control Pathogens and Other Microorganisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2005-01-01

    1.1 This guide outlines procedures for the irradiation of pre-packaged refrigerated and frozen processed meat and poultry products. Note 1—The Codex Alimentarius Commission defines "meat" (including poultry and game) as "the edible part of any mammal slaughtered in an abattoir," and "poultry meat" as "the edible part of slaughtered domesticated birds, including chicken, turkeys, ducks, geese, guinea-fowls, or pigeons." (CAC/RCP 13-1976) Note 2—Current U.S. regulations limit the definition of livestock species to cattle, sheep, swine, goat, horse, mule, or other equine and poultry species to chicken, turkey, duck, goose, and guinea (2, 3). 1.2 This guide addresses all refrigerated and frozen meat and poultry products NOT covered by Guide F 1356. 1.3 This guide provides information regarding absorbed doses used for inactivation of parasites and reduction of bacterial load. Such doses are typically less than 10 kilogray (kGy).

  6. Changing structure of the world refining industry: implications for the United States and other major consuming regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-02-01

    There are five chapters in this publication. Chapter I on refining industry in transition covers refining history highlights, and OPEC's downstream operations. Chapter II on demand for oil and oil products discusses supply and demand for OPEC oil, demand for oil products, historical growth trends, future growth trends and the case of East Asia - emergence of a fuel oil glut. Chapter III on the US and other traditional refining centers begins with an introduction on the structure of refining and continues on to cover the refining industry in OECD countries, USA, Western Europe, Japan, Singapore and Caribbean and closes with some conclusions. Chapter IV is on refining expansions in OPEC and the third World Nations. The following are covered: (1) nations of the Gulf (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates); (2) OPEC members beyond the Gulf (Indonesia, Africa, Libya, Algeria, Nigeria and Gabon, South America, Venezuela); (3) other major exporters (China, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico); (4) non-OPEC developing countries - trends in the refining sector. The chapter ends with a short summary on capacity prospects and comparative economics. The final chapter has conclusions and recommendations on: price interactions between crude and products; product exports - impact on OPEC's internal; prices and market influence; importers and exporters - decisions; and course of action of the United States. 18 figures, 40 tables.

  7. Publishing Swinburne; the poet, his publishers and critics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmonds, Clive

    2014-01-25

    Letter to the Editor 31 30 Oct. 1880, p.568 Grand Chorus of Birds from Aristophanes Studies in Song (1881) 30 Apr. 1881, p.591 The Deaths of Thomas Carlyle and George Eliot Tristram of Lyonesse (1882... ; an ode A Channel Passage (1904) Nov. 1890 Robert Davenport 16 guineas 95 Not reprinted in Swinburne’s lifetime Jan. 1891, pp.1-3 Light: an epicede Astrophel (1894) Mar. 1891, pp.345-346 Inscriptions for the Four Sides of a...

  8. Special Publication No. 3, Ticks and Tickborne Diseases, IV. Geographical Distribution of Ticks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Farr, Marion M.; Roach, Katharine F.; Anastos, George

    1978-01-01

    ISLANDS see NEW GUINEA AFGHANISTAN Aponomma latum (Santos Dias, J. ?. ?. , (1961A), 1- 18) AFGHANISTAN -- Continued. Haemaphysalis sulcata (Anastos, G., (1956?), 18-19) Hyalomma aegyptium (Anastos, G., (1954C) 1?.9-174\\ (Chasma-Obeh, Adaraskand...) '' 169"174> Hyalomma aegyptium (Kaiser, M.'N. & Hooestraal, ?., (1963A), 130-139) Argas (Chiropterargas) afghanistaniensis (Santos Dias, J. A. T. , (196??), 1-18) Argas (Chiropterargas) boueti (Nemenz, ?., (1960A), 45-47) Argas persicus (Anastos, G...

  9. Glucocorticoids as regulatory signals during intrauterine development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowden, Abigail L.; Forhead, Alison J.

    2015-06-04

    , synthetic glucocorticoids are given to pregnant women to treat asthma, arthritis and 161 adrenal insufficiency, and to improve neonatal viability in threatened preterm delivery (McKinlay et 162 al., 2014). These drugs are also given to mares to treat... (Wyrwoll et al., 2007). Betamethasone treatment of guinea pigs 378 in late pregnancy also causes differential GR binding to a large number of different gene promotors 379 12 and methylation of specific GREs in the fetal hippocampal MR gene (Crudo et...

  10. The problem of living in a world contaminated with chemicals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metcalf, R.L.

    1990-12-31

    The proliferation of xenobiotic chemicals in the global environment poses living problems for each of us aboard {open_quotes}spaceship earth.{close_quotes} Seven case studies are presented that illustrate the magnitude of the problem that can result from waiting to identify toxic hazards until there have been decades of {open_quotes}human guinea pig{close_quotes} exposure. 25 refs., 5 tabs.

  11. Guiyang Polysource Silicon Co Ltd Formerly Jiayuan Sunshine Guiyang Hi New

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERC Hydroelectric Projects | OpenGuinea-USAID

  12. Gujarat Ambuja Cements Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERC Hydroelectric Projects | OpenGuinea-USAIDAmbuja

  13. Central and southern Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGrew, H.J.

    1981-10-01

    Exploration in central and southern Africa continued to expand during 1980. The greatest concentration of activity was in Nigeria. However, there was considerable increase in the level of exploratory work in Cameroon and Congo. Significant new finds have been made in Ivory Coast. Geological and geophysical activity was carried out in 18 of the countries, with those in the western part having the largest share. Seismic work involved 225 party months of operation. Most of this time was spent on land, but marine operations accounted for 73,389 km of new control. Gravity and magnetic data were recorded during the marine surveys, and several large aeromagnetic projects were undertaken to obtain a total of 164,498 line km of data. Exploratory and development drilling accounted for a total of 304 wells and 2,605,044 ft (794,212 m) of hole. The 92 exploratory wells that were drilled resulted in 47 oil and gas discoveries. In development drilling 89% of the 212 wells were successful. At the end of the year, 27 exploratory wells were underway, and 34 development wells were being drilled for a total of 61. Oil production from the countries that this review covers was 918,747,009 bbl in 1980, a drop of about 9% from the previous year. Countries showing a decline in production were Nigeria, Gabon, Cabinda, and Zaire. Increases were recorded in Cameroon, Congo, and Ghana. A new country was added to the list of producers when production from the Belier field in Ivory Coast came on stream. 33 figures, 15 tables.

  14. Ventilatory function assessment in safety pharmacology: Optimization of rodent studies using normocapnic or hypercapnic conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goineau, Sonia; Rompion, Sonia; Guillaume, Philippe; Picard, Sandra

    2010-09-15

    Although the whole body plethysmography for unrestrained animals is the most widely used method to assess the respiratory risk of new drugs in safety pharmacology, non-appropriate experimental conditions may mask deleterious side effects of some substances. If stimulant or bronchodilatory effects can be easily evidenced in rodents under standard experimental conditions, i.e. normal air breathing and diurnal phase, drug-induced respiratory depression remains more difficult to detect. This study was aimed at comparing the responsiveness of Wistar rats, Duncan Hartley guinea-pigs or BALB/c mice to the respiratory properties of theophylline (50 or 100 mg/kg p.o.) or morphine (30 mg/kg i.p.) under varying conditions (100% air versus 5% CO{sub 2}-enriched air, light versus dark day phase), in order to select the most appropriate experimental conditions to each species for safety airway investigations. Our results showed that under normocapnia the ventilatory depressant effects of morphine can be easily evidenced in mice, slightly observed in guinea-pigs and not detected in rats in any day phase. Slight hypercapnic conditions enhanced the responsiveness of rats to morphine but not that of guinea-pigs and importantly they did not blunt the airway responsiveness of rats to the stimulation and bronchodilation evoked by theophylline, the most widely used reference agent in safety pharmacology studies. In conclusion, hypercapnic conditions associated with the non-invasive whole body plethysmography should be considered for optimizing the assessment of both the ventilatory depressant potential of morphine-like substances or the respiratory stimulant effects of new drugs in the rat, the most extensively used species in rodent safety and toxicological investigations.

  15. Policies to Spur Energy Access. Executive Summary; Volume 1, Engaging the Private Sector in Expanding Access to Electricity; Volume 2, Case Studies to Public-Private Models to Finance Decentralized Electricity Access

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walters, Terri; Rai, Neha; Esterly, Sean; Cox, Sadie; Reber, Tim; Muzammil, Maliha; Mahmood, Tasfiq; Kaur, Nanki; Tesfaye, Lidya; Mamuye, Simret; Knuckles, James; Morris, Ellen; de Been, Merijn; Steinbach, Dave; Acharya, Sunil; Chhetri, Raju Pandit; Bhushal, Ramesh

    2015-09-01

    Government policy is one of the most important factors in engaging the private sector in providing universal access to electricity. In particular, the private sector is well positioned to provide decentralized electricity products and services. While policy uncertainty and regulatory barriers can keep enterprises and investors from engaging in the market, targeted policies can create opportunities to leverage private investment and skills to expand electricity access. However, creating a sustainable market requires policies beyond traditional electricity regulation. The report reviews the range of policy issues that impact the development and expansion of a market for decentralized electricity services from establishing an enabling policy environment to catalyzing finance, building human capacity, and integrating energy access with development programs. The case studies in this report show that robust policy frameworks--addressing a wide range of market issues--can lead to rapid transformation in energy access. The report highlights examples of these policies in action Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Mali, Mexico, and Nepal.

  16. Trading Carbon: Can Cookstoves Light the Way (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gadgil, Ashok; Booker, Kayje; Rausch, Adam

    2010-09-20

    Science at the Theater: Get smart about carbon! Learn how families in Africa, using stoves designed by Berkeley Lab, are at the forefront of global carbon reduction. Ashok Gadgil is the driving force behind the Berkeley-Darfur Cookstove. He is a researcher, inventor, renowned humanitarian, and director of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division. Kayje Booker is a Berkeley Lab researcher and UC Berkeley graduate student in ecosystem sciences. She is exploring how carbon markets can serve as catalysts for innovation in technologies for the poor. Adam Rausch is a Berkeley Lab researcher and UC Berkeley graduate student in civil environmental engineering. He helps to design and test stove designs in Ethiopia and elsewhere.

  17. Trading Carbon: Can Cookstoves Light the Way (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Gadgil, Ashok; Booker, Kayje; Rausch, Adam

    2011-10-04

    Science at the Theater: Get smart about carbon! Learn how families in Africa, using stoves designed by Berkeley Lab, are at the forefront of global carbon reduction. Ashok Gadgil is the driving force behind the Berkeley-Darfur Cookstove. He is a researcher, inventor, renowned humanitarian, and director of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division. Kayje Booker is a Berkeley Lab researcher and UC Berkeley graduate student in ecosystem sciences. She is exploring how carbon markets can serve as catalysts for innovation in technologies for the poor. Adam Rausch is a Berkeley Lab researcher and UC Berkeley graduate student in civil environmental engineering. He helps to design and test stove designs in Ethiopia and elsewhere.

  18. Opportunities in African power generation: A business briefing for industry and investment executives. Held in Baltimore, Maryland, June 21-22, 1995. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-06-21

    The report, prepared by the Institute of International Education, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The information contained in the report was compiled in part for a power generation conference held in Baltimore, Maryland. The focus of the report is the market created by electric power projects financed by multilateral development banks. The study contains country information and project profiles related to the energy sector for eleven countries: Benin, Botswana, Cote D`Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Morocoo, Senegal, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The report also outlines the range of service opportunities in the region such as consulting, engineering, construction and project management, and equipment procurement. It is divided into the following sections: (1) Agenda/Program; (2) African Energy Sector Overview; (3) Project Profiles; (4) Country Information; and (5) Attendees.

  19. Geothermal power development: 1984 overview and update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiPippo, R.

    1984-10-01

    The status of geothermal power plants as of mid-1984 is given. There are 15 countries with active plants, and France (Guadeloupe) is expected to join the roster in the near future. The total number of operating units (defined as individual turbo-generator sets) is 145; the total installed capacity is somewhat less than 3770 MW. If plans for additional plants are met, the total could jump by more than 200 MW over the next two years. Recent growth is presented and the worldwide installed capacity is traced. A graphic portrayal of the growth pattern is presented. The countries that will be most responsible for sustaining this growth are the US, the Philippines, Mexico, and Indonesia. Other countries that will contribute significantly include Italy, Japan, Kenya, Nicaragua, and Turkey. The following countries do not now have any geothermal plants but may bring some online by 1990: Guatemala, Costa Rica, Greece, St. Lucia, Thailand, and Ethiopia.

  20. Waste collection in developing countries - Tackling occupational safety and health hazards at their source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bleck, Daniela; Wettberg, Wieland

    2012-11-15

    Waste management procedures in developing countries are associated with occupational safety and health risks. Gastro-intestinal infections, respiratory and skin diseases as well as muscular-skeletal problems and cutting injuries are commonly found among waste workers around the globe. In order to find efficient, sustainable solutions to reduce occupational risks of waste workers, a methodological risk assessment has to be performed and counteractive measures have to be developed according to an internationally acknowledged hierarchy. From a case study in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia suggestions for the transferral of collected household waste into roadside containers are given. With construction of ramps to dump collected household waste straight into roadside containers and an adaptation of pushcarts and collection procedures, the risk is tackled at the source.

  1. Philosophy at Cambridge, Newsletter of the Faculty of Philosophy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    comment from the Higher Education Minister that this fall was no bad thing reignited debate on whether and why the study of Philosophy is important. Some contributors to this issue offer thoughts relevant to this question. Perhaps you have views. If so we... sort of process has perhaps been undergone by wiser men, when they have been cut off from faith and love — only, instead of a loom and a heap of guineas, they have had some erudite research, some ingenious project, or some well-knit theory.” I love...

  2. Antigenic analysis of the genus Aeromonas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Vijaya Balusu

    1972-01-01

    . foa d th ide tical '0' antigen in a C27 strain of Ferguson and Henderson and in Pseudomonas ~shi elloides (21). In 1959 Saks aki et al. suggest d th epithet ~sh( lloid s as ot ppropriate for the reason that ot all st aine of this group were related... that their strains of Prot us elanovorlenes (A. ~h dro bile) caused de th in mice and Guinea pigs within 24 hours by intraperitonial injection. Acute septicemia was observed in these animals. Culture filtrates were toxic to mice. These authors first isolated...

  3. Options for developing countries in mining development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walrond, G.W.; Kumar, R.

    1985-01-01

    This book is a study of the issues that developing countries face in planning and implementing mineral development, taking as case studies Botswana, Sierra Leone, Zambia, Tanzania, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and the developed states of Quebec and Western Australia. The authors consider the major aspects of the matter including organization and administration; regulation; taxation and surplus distribution; the dynamics of such instruments as royalty, rent resource tax and capital allowances under various cost/price scenarios; and selected mining agreements and their key provisions. They stress throughout the need for foreign investment while maximizing the economic benefits reaped from exhaustible resources.

  4. Annual review of earth and planetary sciences. Vol. 19

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetherill, G.W.; Albee, A.L.; Burke, K.C. (Carnegie Inst. of Washington, DC (United States) California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena (United States) National Research Council, Washington, DC (United States))

    1991-01-01

    Various review papers on earth and planetary sciences are presented. The individual topics addressed include: tectonics of the New Guinea area, interpretation of ancient Eolian and dunes, seismic tomography of the earth's mantle, shock modification and chemistry and planetary geologic processes, the significance of evaporites, the magnetosphere, untangling the effects of burial alteration and ancient soil formation. Also discussed are: pressure-temperature-time paths, fractals in rock physics, earthquake prediction, rings in the ocean, applications of Be{minus}10 to problems in the earth sciences, measurement of crustal deformation using the GPS, physics and physical mechanisms of nuclear winter, experiemental determination of bed-form stability.

  5. Taxonomic revision and phylogeny of the genus Cetiocyon and its discovery in the Neotropical region (Insecta: Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiká ?ek, Martin; Short, Andrew E. Z.

    2010-03-11

    (ZMUC); 1 P, 1 spc., same locality and collector, i.1981 (ZMUC). Oro: 1 P, Kokoda, 1300 ft [400 m], ix.1933, lgt. L.E. Cheesman (BMNH); 2 OO, same local- ity and collector, 1200 ft [370 m], vii.1933 (BMNH). South- ern Highlands: 1 P, 1 O, 6 spc., Papua... For- est Camp’ [= near the upper reaches of Baliem riv., ca. 4°15?S 139°00?E, cf. TOXOPEUS (1940) and HANSEN (1999a)]. Type material. Holotype, 1 O, ‘[female symbol] !’, ‘Neth. Ind. Amer. New | Guinea Exped. 2500 – | 2800 m. Moss For- est | Camp. 9...

  6. University of Kansas Graduate School theses, 1888-1947

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilder, Bessie E.

    1949-01-01

    . 1922. Armstrong, Wallace Bruce. A study in the relative frequency and persistency of technical errors in written composition. M.A. Ed. 1925. Arnett, Ua Maud. A problem on the triangle. M.A. Math. 1916. Arnold, Bertha Pearl. The teaching of English.... M.A. Eng. 1924. Bowers, Garvey Bruce. Studies upon epidemic paralysis among guinea pigs. M. A. Bact. 1929. Bowers, Lois Mae. Technical devices in the eomedias of Calderon. M.A. Rom. Lang, and Lit. 1932. Bowers, Virginia Gene. The political...

  7. Thymus-dependent (T) lymphocyte response in experimental tuberculous pleuritis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolff, Susan Wyatt

    1990-01-01

    . Using this model of tuberculous pleuritis, comparative studies were made of thymus-dependent (T) lymphocytes obtained from pleural effusions and peripheral blood in BCG- vaccinated guinea pigs both noninfected and infected by the Eir tog o te tn lent... M. t~n 1 . n ing E rosette assay, it was shown that there was a significant compartmentalization of CD2+ T lymphocytes in the pleural effusions with a concomitant reduction of CD2+ T lymphocytes in the peripheral blood of the same experimental...

  8. An electron microscopy study of ground-nut poisoning in turkey poults 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Alcides Amilcar

    1963-01-01

    etiology. In the eat'Ly papers the condition was known by the name of Turkey ' X" disease. However, this name was quickly changed when in L961 Blount (7) concluded that toxic Brasilian ground-nut meal was responsible for the outbreaks of this new... condition. Similar toxic effects in ducklings, chickens, rats, guinea pigs, cows and pigs have also been reported. In general, there is little available information about how and where tbe toxic principles of any kind act in the cells structures. Also...

  9. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    1995-12-25

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  10. Nanyang Chinese National Salvation Movement, 1937-1941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akashi, Yoji

    1970-01-01

    began in 1924 to establish its network in Nanyang Hua-ch'iao communities. By the time the Second Party Congress met in 1926, the KMT had set up headquarters in Burma, French Indochina, Nanyang (Malaya-Dutch Indies), the Philippines, 3 FIGURE 1 A... Guinea, Celebes, and Malay Peninsula, Burma, Siam, and Indo-China."33 After the consummation of the KMT-Communist united front, Communist parties and their affiliates in Southeast Asia were increasingly oriented toward the Chinese Communist Party.34...

  11. Gulf Alternative Energy Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERC Hydroelectric Projects | OpenGuinea-USAIDAmbujaGulf

  12. Guinness Asset Management | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,LowGuinea:

  13. Gulf Hydrocarbon Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,LowGuinea:Hydrocarbon

  14. Standard Practice for Irradiation of Fresh and Frozen Red Meat and Poultry to Control Pathogens and Other Microorganisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2008-01-01

    1.1 This practice outlines procedures for the irradiation of fresh or frozen meat and poultry. Note 1—The Codex Alimentarius Commission defines meat as “the edible part of any mammal” and poultry as “any domesticated bird, including chicken, turkeys, ducks, geese, guinea-fowls, or pigeons” (CAC/MISC 5). Note 2—Current U.S. regulations limit the definition of livestock species to cattle, sheep, swine, goat, horse, mule, or other equine and poultry species to chicken, turkey, duck, goose, and guinea (2, 3). 1.2 This practice covers absorbed doses used for inactivation of parasites and reduction of bacterial load in fresh and frozen red meat and poultry. Such doses are typically less than 10 kGy. 1.3 This practice addresses irradiation of pre-packaged product for retail sale or for use as an ingredient in other products. It also addresses the in-line irradiation of unpackaged product. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It i...

  15. Chimeric human parainfluenza virus bearing the Ebola virus glycoprotein as the sole surface protein is immunogenic and highly protective against Ebola virus challenge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bukreyev, Alexander Marzi, Andrea; Feldmann, Friederike; Zhang Liqun; Dorward, David W.; Pickles, Raymond J.; Feldmann, Heinz; Collins, Peter L.

    2009-01-20

    We generated a new live-attenuated vaccine against Ebola virus (EBOV) based on a chimeric virus HPIV3/{delta}F-HN/EboGP that contains the EBOV glycoprotein (GP) as the sole transmembrane envelope protein combined with the internal proteins of human parainfluenza virus type 3 (HPIV3). Electron microscopy analysis of the virus particles showed that they have an envelope and surface spikes resembling those of EBOV and a particle size and shape resembling those of HPIV3. When HPIV3/{delta}F-HN/EboGP was inoculated via apical surface of an in vitro model of human ciliated airway epithelium, the virus was released from the apical surface; when applied to basolateral surface, the virus infected basolateral cells but did not spread through the tissue. Following intranasal (IN) inoculation of guinea pigs, scattered infected cells were detected in the lungs by immunohistochemistry, but infectious HPIV3/{delta}F-HN/EboGP could not be recovered from the lungs, blood, or other tissues. Despite the attenuation, the virus was highly immunogenic, and a single IN dose completely protected the animals against a highly lethal intraperitoneal challenge of guinea pig-adapted EBOV.

  16. Multi-Bunch Simulations of the ILC for Luminosity Performance Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, G.; /SLAC /Queen Mary, U. of London; Walker, N.; /DESY; Schulte, D.; /CERN

    2005-07-11

    To study the luminosity performance of the International Linear Collider (ILC) with different design parameters, a simulation was constructed that tracks a multi-bunch representation of the beam from the Damping Ring extraction through to the Interaction Point. The simulation code PLACET is used to simulate the LINAC, MatMerlin is used to track through the Beam Delivery System and GUINEA-PIG for the beam-beam interaction. Included in the simulation are ground motion and wakefield effects, intra-train fast feedback and luminosity-based feedback systems. To efficiently study multiple parameters/multiple seeds, the simulation is deployed on the Queen Mary High-Throughput computing cluster at Queen Mary, University of London, where 100 simultaneous simulation seeds can be run.

  17. C-Band Scanning ARM Precipitation Radar (C-SAPR) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Widener, K; Bharadwaj, N

    2012-11-13

    The C-band scanning ARM precipitation radar (C-SAPR) is a scanning polarimetric Doppler radar transmitting simultaneously in both H and V polarizations. With a 350-kW magnetron transmitter, this puts 125 kW of transmitted power for each polarization. The receiver for the C-SAPR is a National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) -developed Hi-Q system operating in a coherent-on-receive mode. The ARM Climate Research Facility operates two C-SAPRs; one of them is deployed near the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility near the triangular array of X-SAPRs, and the second C-SAPR is deployed at ARM’s Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea.

  18. Aerosolized neutral endopeptidase reverses ozone-induced airway hyperreactivity to substance P

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murlas, C.G.; Lang, Z.; Williams, G.J.; Chodimella, V. (Department of Medicine, Rush University, Chicago, IL (United States))

    1992-03-01

    The authors investigated the effects of ozone exposure (3.0 ppm, 2 h) on airway neutral endopeptidase (NEP) activity and bronchial reactivity to substance P in guinea pigs. Reactivity after ozone or air exposure was determined by measuring specific airway resistance in intact unanesthetized spontaneously breathing animals in response to increasing doses of intravenous substance P boluses. The effective dose of substance P (in micrograms) that produced a doubling of baseline specific airway resistance (ED200SP) was determined by interpolation of cumulative substance P dose-response curves. NEP activity was measured in tracheal homogenates made from each animal of other groups exposed to either ozone or room air. By reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography, this activity was characterized by the phosphoramidon-inhibitable cleavage of alanine-p-nitroaniline from succinyl-(Ala)3-p-nitroaniline in the presence of 100 microM amastatin. Mean values of the changes in log ED200SP were 0.27 +/- 0.07 (SE) for the ozone-exposed group and 0.08 +/- 0.04 for the air-exposed group. We found that phosphoramidon significantly increased substance P reactivity in the air-exposed animals (P less than 0.01), but it had no effect in the ozone-exposed group. This finding was associated with a significant reduction in tracheal homogenate NEP activity of ozone-exposed animals compared with controls: mean values were 18.1 +/- 1.9 nmol.min-1.mg protein-1 for the ozone-exposed group and 25.1 +/- 2.4 nmol.min-1.mg protein-1 for air-exposed animals (P less than 0.05). Inhalation of an aerosolized NEP preparation, partially purified from guinea pig kidney, reversed the substance P hyperreactivity produced by ozone exposure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  19. Quantification of the epitope diversity of HIV-1-specific binding antibodies by peptide microarrays for global HIV-1 vaccine development

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Stephenson, Kathryn E.; Neubauer, George H.; Reimer, Ulf; Pawlowski, Nikolaus; Knaute, Tobias; Zerweck, Johannes; Korber, Bette T.; Barouch, Dan H.

    2014-11-14

    An effective vaccine against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) will have to provide protection against a vast array of different HIV-1 strains. Current methods to measure HIV-1-specific binding antibodies following immunization typically focus on determining the magnitude of antibody responses, but the epitope diversity of antibody responses has remained largely unexplored. Here we describe the development of a global HIV-1 peptide microarray that contains 6564 peptides from across the HIV-1 proteome and covers the majority of HIV-1 sequences in the Los Alamos National Laboratory global HIV-1 sequence database. Using this microarray, we quantified the magnitude, breadth, and depth ofmore »IgG binding to linear HIV-1 sequences in HIV-1-infected humans and HIV-1-vaccinated humans, rhesus monkeys and guinea pigs. The microarray measured potentially important differences in antibody epitope diversity, particularly regarding the depth of epitope variants recognized at each binding site. Our data suggest that the global HIV-1 peptide microarray may be a useful tool for both preclinical and clinical HIV-1 research.« less

  20. LFSC - Linac Feedback Simulation Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ivanov, Valentin; /Fermilab

    2008-05-01

    The computer program LFSC () is a numerical tool for simulation beam based feedback in high performance linacs. The code LFSC is based on the earlier version developed by a collective of authors at SLAC (L.Hendrickson, R. McEwen, T. Himel, H. Shoaee, S. Shah, P. Emma, P. Schultz) during 1990-2005. That code was successively used in simulation of SLC, TESLA, CLIC and NLC projects. It can simulate as pulse-to-pulse feedback on timescale corresponding to 5-100 Hz, as slower feedbacks, operating in the 0.1-1 Hz range in the Main Linac and Beam Delivery System. The code LFSC is running under Matlab for MS Windows operating system. It contains about 30,000 lines of source code in more than 260 subroutines. The code uses the LIAR ('Linear Accelerator Research code') for particle tracking under ground motion and technical noise perturbations. It uses the Guinea Pig code to simulate the luminosity performance. A set of input files includes the lattice description (XSIF format), and plane text files with numerical parameters, wake fields, ground motion data etc. The Matlab environment provides a flexible system for graphical output.

  1. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    None

    2015-04-01

    Comparisons between the fecal microbiota of humans from industrialized and non-industrialized communities indicate a pronounced impact of westernization on the diversity and composition of the human gut microbiota. However, the exact consequences of westernization on community characteristics are still insufficiently understood, and the ecological processes that drive differences have not been elucidated. Here we have compared the fecal microbiota of adults from two non-industrialized regions in Papua New Guinea (PNG) with that of United States (US) residents. Papua New Guineans harbor communities with greater bacterial diversity but lower inter-individual variation. Although the fecal microbiota in PNG and US was largely dominated by shared bacterial lineages, the relative abundance of 25 families, 45 genera, and 230 species-level OTUs differed, and 47 core OTUs in PNG were undetectable in US residents. To gain insight into the ecological mechanisms that cause the observed differences, we quantified community assembly processes in PNG and US microbiomes using a null modeling approach. This analysis demonstrated a significant higher rate of bacterial dispersal in PNG and divergent selective environments in the US. Interestingly, equivalent findings were obtained for other datasets comparing industrialized and non-industrialized microbiomes. Overall, the findings demonstrate a dominant role for microbial dispersal in shaping the human gut microbiota in non-industrialized societies, and point to differential selection pressures across individuals as a major factor shaping microbiomes associated with modern lifestyle.

  2. Human radiation experiments associated with the US Department of Energy and its predecessors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1995-07-01

    This document contains a listing, description, and selected references for documented human radiation experiments sponsored, supported, or performed by the US Department of Energy (DOE) or its predecessors, including the US Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA), the US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), the Manhattan Engineer District (MED), and the Off ice of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD). The list represents work completed by DOE`s Off ice of Human Radiation Experiments (OHRE) through June 1995. The experiment list is available on the Internet via a Home Page on the World Wide Web (http://www.ohre.doe.gov). The Home Page also includes the full text of Human Radiation Experiments. The Department of Energy Roadmap to the Story and the Records (DOE/EH-0445), published in February 1995, to which this publication is a supplement. This list includes experiments released at Secretary O`Leary`s June 1994 press conference, as well as additional studies identified during the 12 months that followed. Cross-references are provided for experiments originally released at the press conference; for experiments released as part of The DOE Roadmap; and for experiments published in the 1986 congressional report entitled American Nuclear Guinea Pigs: Three Decades of Radiation Experiments on US Citizens. An appendix of radiation terms is also provided.

  3. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) Site.

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    ARM maintains four major, permanent sites for data collection and deploys the ARM Mobile Facility to other sites as determined. The Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site is one of the four fixed sites. It consists of three climate research facilities; the Manus facility on Los Negros Island in Manus, Papua New Guinea (established in 1996); the Nauru facility on Nauru Island, Republic of Nauru (1998); and the Darwin facility in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia (2002). The operations are supported by government agencies in each host country. Covering the area roughly between 10 degrees N and 10 degrees S of the equator and from 130 degrees E to 167 degrees E, the TWP locale includes a region that plays a large role in the interannual variability observed in the global climate system. More than 250,000 TWP data sets from 1996 to the present reside in the ARM Archive. Begin at the TWP information page for links or access data directly from the ARM Archive at http://www.archive.arm.gov/. Users will need to register for a password, but all files are then free for viewing or downloading. The ARM Archive physically resides at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

  4. Importance of sulfation of gastrin or cholecystokinin (CCK) on affinity for gastrin and CCK receptors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, S.C.; Yu, D.H.; Wank, S.A.; Mantey, S.; Gardner, J.D.; Jensen, R.T. (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, MD (USA))

    1989-07-01

    We investigated the importance of sulfation of gastrin or cholecystokinin (CCK) on influencing their affinity for gastrin or CCK receptors by comparing the abilities of sulfated gastrin-17 (gastrin-17-II), desulfated gastrin-17 (gastrin-17-I), CCK-8 and desulfated CCK-8 (des(SO3)CCK-8) to interact with CCK or gastrin receptors on guinea pig pancreatic acini. For inhibiting binding of 125I-gastrin to gastrin receptors, gastrin-17-II (Kd 0.08 nM) greater than CCK-8 (Kd 0.4 nM) greater than gastrin-17-I (Kd 1.5 nM) greater than des(SO3)CCK-8 (Kd 28 nM). For inhibiting binding of 125I-Bolton Hunter-labeled CCK-8 to CCK receptors the relative potencies were: CCK-8 much greater than des(SO3)CCK-8 = gastrin-17-II greater than gastrin-17-I. Each peptide interacted with both high and low affinity CCK binding sites. The relative abilities of each peptide to interact with high affinity CCK receptors showed a close correlation with their abilities to cause half-maximal stimulation of enzyme secretion. These results demonstrate that, in contrast to older studies, sulfation of both CCK and gastrin increase their affinities for both gastrin and CCK receptors. Moreover, the gastrin receptor is relatively insensitive to the position of the sulfate moiety, whereas the CCK receptor is extremely sensitive to both the presence and exact position of the sulfate moiety.

  5. Mineral industries of Australia, Canada, and Oceania (including a discussion of Antarctica's mineral resources). Mineral perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimbell, C.L.; Lyday, T.Q.; Newman, H.H.

    1985-12-01

    The Bureau of Mines report gives the mineral industry highlights of two of the world's major mineral producing countries, Australia and Canada, and seven Pacific island nations or territories--Fiji, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Republic of Nauru, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. The mineral resources of Antarctica are also discussed. Because of the size of the Australian and Canadian mineral industries, summary reviews are presented for each of the States, Provinces, or Territories. The most current information available from all nations is given on major minerals or mineral-commodity production, share of world production, and reserves. Reported also are significant mining companies, locations and capacities of their main facilities, and their share of domestic production. Other information is provided on mineral-related trade with the United States, government mineral policy, energy production-consumption and trade, the mining industry labor force, and prospects for the mineral industry. Maps show the locations of selected mineral deposits, oilfields and gasfields, mines, and processing facilities including iron and steel plants, nonferrous smelters and refineries, and cement plants, as well as infrastructure pertinent to the mineral industry.

  6. Assessing health impacts in complex eco-epidemiological settings in the humid tropics: Modular baseline health surveys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winkler, Mirko S.; Divall, Mark J.; Krieger, Gary R.; Schmidlin, Sandro; Magassouba, Mohamed L.; Knoblauch, Astrid M.; Singer, Burton H.; Utzinger, Juerg

    2012-02-15

    The quantitative assessment of health impacts has been identified as a crucial feature for realising the full potential of health impact assessment (HIA). In settings where demographic and health data are notoriously scarce, but there is a broad range of ascertainable ecological, environmental, epidemiological and socioeconomic information, a diverse toolkit of data collection strategies becomes relevant for the mainly small-area impacts of interest. We present a modular, cross-sectional baseline health survey study design, which has been developed for HIA of industrial development projects in the humid tropics. The modular nature of our toolkit allows our methodology to be readily adapted to the prevailing eco-epidemiological characteristics of a given project setting. Central to our design is a broad set of key performance indicators, covering a multiplicity of health outcomes and determinants at different levels and scales. We present experience and key findings from our modular baseline health survey methodology employed in 14 selected sentinel sites within an iron ore mining project in the Republic of Guinea. We argue that our methodology is a generic example of rapid evidence assembly in difficult-to-reach localities, where improvement of the predictive validity of the assessment and establishment of a benchmark for longitudinal monitoring of project impacts and mitigation efforts is needed.

  7. Epsilon Metal Summary Report FY 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strachan, Denis M.; Crum, Jarrod V.; Zumhoff, Mac R.; Bovaird, Chase C.; Windisch, Charles F.; Riley, Brian J.

    2011-09-30

    The Epsilon-metal ({var_epsilon}-metal) phase was selected in FY 2009 as a potential waste form to for immobilizing the noble metals found in the undissolved solids + aqueous stream, and the soluble Tc from ion-exchange process, each resulting from proposed aqueous reprocessing. {var_epsilon}-metal phase is observed in used nuclear fuel and the natural reactors of Oklobono in Gabon, where the long-term corrosion behavior was demonstrated. This makes {var_epsilon}-metal a very attractive waste form. Last fiscal year, {var_epsilon}-metal was successfully fabricated by combining the five-metals, Mo, Ru, Rh, Pd and Re (surrogate for Tc), into pellets followed by consolidation with an arc melter. The arc melter produced fully dense samples with the epsilon structure. However, some chemistry differences were observed in the microstructure that resulted in regions rich in Re and Mo, and others rich in Pd, while Ru and Rh remained fairly constant throughout. This year, thermal stability (air), and corrosion testing of the samples fabricated by arc melting were the main focus for experimental work. Thermal stability was measured with a differential scanning calorimeter - thermogravimetric analyzer, by both ramp heating as well as step heating. There is clear evidence during the ramp heating experiment of an exothermic event + a weight loss peak both beginning at {approx}700 C. Step heating showed an oxidation event at {approx}690 C with minimal weight gain that occurs just before the weight loss event at 700 C. The conclusion being that the e-metal begins to oxidize and then become volatile. These findings are useful for considering the effects of voloxidation process. Three different pellets were subjected to electrochemical testing to study the corrosion behavior of the epsilon-metal phase in various conditions, namely acidic, basic, saline, and inert. Test was done according to an interim procedure developed for the alloy metal waste form. First an open circuit potential was measured, followed by linear polarization sweeps. The linear polarization sweep range was the Tafel equation was fit to the linear polarization sweep data to determine the corrosion rate of each pellet in each test solution. The average calculated corrosion rates of the three pellets according to solution conditions were: -1.91 x 10{sup -4} mm/yr (0.001 M NaOH), -1.48 x 10{sup -3} mm/yr (0.01 M NaCl), -8.77 x 10{sup -4} mm/yr (0.001 M H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}), -2.09 x 10{sup -3} mm/yr (0.001 M NaOH + 0.01 M NaCl), and -1.54 x 10{sup -3} mm/yr (0.001 M H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} + 0.01 M NaCl). Three single-pass flow through (SPFT) test were conducted at a flow rate of 10 ml/day, at 90 C, and pH of 2.5, 7.0, and 9.0 for up to 322 days. Results of the tests indicate that dissolution rates were 5 x 10{sup -4} g m{sup 2} d{sup -1} at pH 9.0, 1.2 x 10{sup -4} g m{sup -2} d{sup -1} at pH 7.0, and 2 x 10{sup -4} g m{sup -2} d{sup -1} at pH 2.5. The sample used for the pH 7.0 SPFT test contains extra Re compared to samples used for the other two SPFT test, which came from a single pellet. The corrosion data measured this year indicate that the {var_epsilon}-metal phase is chemically durable. The two chemically different phases, but structurally the same, behave differently during dissolution according to the microstructure changes observed in both the electrochemical and in SPFT test. Characterization of the test specimens after testing suggests that the dissolution is complex and involves oxidative dissolution followed by precipitation of both oxide and metallic phases. These data suggest that the dissolution in the electrochemical and SPFT tests is different; a process that needs further investigation.

  8. Spatial Variability of Surface Irradiance Measurements at the Manus ARM Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riihimaki, Laura D.; Long, Charles N.

    2014-05-16

    The location of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) site on Manus island in Papua New Guinea was chosen because it is very close the coast, in a geographically at, near-sea level area of the island, minimizing the impact of local island effects on the meteorology of the measurements [Ackerman et al., 1999]. In this study, we confirm that the Manus site is in deed less impacted by the island meteorology than slightly inland by comparing over a year of broadband surface irradiance and ceilometer measurements and derived quantities at the standard Manus site and a second location 7 km away as part of the AMIE-Manus campaign. The two sites show statistically similar distributions of irradiance and other derived quantities for all wind directions except easterly winds, when the inland site is down wind from the standard Manus site. Under easterly wind conditions, which occur 17% of the time, there is a higher occurrence of cloudiness at the down wind site likely do to land heating and orographic effects. This increased cloudiness is caused by shallow, broken clouds often with bases around 700 m in altitude. While the central Manus site consistently measures a frequency of occurrence of low clouds (cloud base height less than 1200 m) about 25+4% regardless of wind direction, the AMIE site has higher frequencies of low clouds (38%) when winds are from the east. This increase in low, locally produced clouds causes an additional -20 W/m2 shortwave surface cloud radiative effect at the AMIE site in easterly conditions than in other meteorological conditions that exhibit better agreement between the two sites.

  9. Late Ordovician geographic patterns of extinction compared with simulations of astrophysical ionizing radiation damage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adrian L. Melott; Brian C. Thomas

    2009-02-02

    Based on the intensity and rates of various kinds of intense ionizing radiation events such as supernovae and gamma-ray bursts, it is likely that the Earth has been subjected to one or extinction level events during the Phanerozoic. These induce changes in atmospheric chemistry so that the level of Solar ultraviolet-B radiation reaching the surface and near-surface waters may be doubled for up to a decade. This UVB level is known from experiment to be more than enough to kill off many kinds of organisms, particularly phytoplankton. It could easily induce a crash of the photosynthetic-based food chain in the oceans. Regularities in the latitudinal distribution of damage are apparent in simulations of the atmospheric changes. We previously proposed that the late Ordovician extinction is a plausible candidate for a contribution from an ionizing radiation event, based on environmental selectivity in trilobites. To test a null hypothesis based on this proposal, we confront latitudinal differential extinction rates predicted from the simulations with data from a published analysis of latitudinal gradients in the Ordovician extinction. The pattern of UVB damage always shows a strong maximum at some latitude, with substantially lower intensity to the north and south of this maximum. We find that the pattern of damage predicted from our simulations is consistent with the data assuming a burst approximately over the South Pole, and no further north than -75 degrees. We predict that any land mass (such as parts of north China, Laurentia, and New Guinea) which then lay north of the equator should be a refuge from UVB effects, and show a different pattern of extinction in the first strike of the end-Ordovician extinction, if induced by such a radiation event.

  10. Radiative Heating of the ISCCP Upper Level Cloud Regimes and its Impact on the Large-scale Tropical Circulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Wei; Schumacher, Courtney; McFarlane, Sally A.

    2013-01-31

    Radiative heating profiles of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) cloud regimes (or weather states) were estimated by matching ISCCP observations with radiative properties derived from cloud radar and lidar measurements from the Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) sites at Manus, Papua New Guinea, and Darwin, Australia. Focus was placed on the ISCCP cloud regimes containing the majority of upper level clouds in the tropics, i.e., mesoscale convective systems (MCSs), deep cumulonimbus with cirrus, mixed shallow and deep convection, and thin cirrus. At upper levels, these regimes have average maximum cloud occurrences ranging from 30% to 55% near 12 km with variations depending on the location and cloud regime. The resulting radiative heating profiles have maxima of approximately 1 K/day near 12 km, with equal heating contributions from the longwave and shortwave components. Upper level minima occur near 15 km, with the MCS regime showing the strongest cooling of 0.2 K/day and the thin cirrus showing no cooling. The gradient of upper level heating ranges from 0.2 to 0.4 K/(day?km), with the most convectively active regimes (i.e., MCSs and deep cumulonimbus with cirrus) having the largest gradient. When the above heating profiles were applied to the 25-year ISCCP data set, the tropics-wide average profile has a radiative heating maximum of 0.45Kday-1 near 250 hPa. Column-integrated radiative heating of upper level cloud accounts for about 20% of the latent heating estimated by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Precipitation Radar (PR). The ISCCP radiative heating of tropical upper level cloud only slightly modifies the response of an idealized primitive equation model forced with the tropics-wide TRMM PR latent heating, which suggests that the impact of upper level cloud is more important to large-scale tropical circulation variations because of convective feedbacks rather than direct forcing by the cloud radiative heating profiles. However, the height of the radiative heating maxima and gradient of the heating profiles are important to determine the sign and patterns of the horizontal circulation anomaly driven by radiative heating at upper levels.

  11. Anti-addiction drug ibogaine inhibits voltage-gated ionic currents: A study to assess the drug's cardiac ion channel profile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koenig, Xaver; Kovar, Michael; Rubi, Lena; Mike, Agnes K.; Lukacs, Peter; Gawali, Vaibhavkumar S.; Todt, Hannes [Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Department of Neurophysiology and -pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna (Austria); Hilber, Karlheinz, E-mail: karlheinz.hilber@meduniwien.ac.at [Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Department of Neurophysiology and -pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna (Austria); Sandtner, Walter [Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Institute of Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna (Austria)

    2013-12-01

    The plant alkaloid ibogaine has promising anti-addictive properties. Albeit not licenced as a therapeutic drug, and despite hints that ibogaine may perturb the heart rhythm, this alkaloid is used to treat drug addicts. We have recently reported that ibogaine inhibits human ERG (hERG) potassium channels at concentrations similar to the drugs affinity for several of its known brain targets. Thereby the drug may disturb the heart's electrophysiology. Here, to assess the drug's cardiac ion channel profile in more detail, we studied the effects of ibogaine and its congener 18-Methoxycoronaridine (18-MC) on various cardiac voltage-gated ion channels. We confirmed that heterologously expressed hERG currents are reduced by ibogaine in low micromolar concentrations. Moreover, at higher concentrations, the drug also reduced human Na{sub v}1.5 sodium and Ca{sub v}1.2 calcium currents. Ion currents were as well reduced by 18-MC, yet with diminished potency. Unexpectedly, although blocking hERG channels, ibogaine did not prolong the action potential (AP) in guinea pig cardiomyocytes at low micromolar concentrations. Higher concentrations (? 10 ?M) even shortened the AP. These findings can be explained by the drug's calcium channel inhibition, which counteracts the AP-prolonging effect generated by hERG blockade. Implementation of ibogaine's inhibitory effects on human ion channels in a computer model of a ventricular cardiomyocyte, on the other hand, suggested that ibogaine does prolong the AP in the human heart. We conclude that therapeutic concentrations of ibogaine have the propensity to prolong the QT interval of the electrocardiogram in humans. In some cases this may lead to cardiac arrhythmias. - Highlights: • We study effects of anti-addiction drug ibogaine on ionic currents in cardiomyocytes. • We assess the cardiac ion channel profile of ibogaine. • Ibogaine inhibits hERG potassium, sodium and calcium channels. • Ibogaine’s effects on ion channels are a potential source of cardiac arrhythmias. • 18-Methoxycoronaridine has a lower affinity for cardiac ion channels than ibogaine.