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1

Plant Tumor Growth Rates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant Tumor Growth Rates Plant Tumor Growth Rates Name: Gina and Maria Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: We are doing a science fair project on if B. Carotene, Green tea, and Grape Seed Extract helps plants against the crown gall disease. We injected sunflowers with agrobacterium tum. one week ago (Sun. Feb. 27, 2000). Our questions is how long will it take for the tumors to grow? We scratched the surface of the stems and injected the agrobacterium in the wound. Also which do you think, in your opinion, will do the best, if any? Our science fair is April 13, do you think we'll have growth before then, atleast enough time to do our conclusion and results? Thank you, any information you forward will be very helpful. Replies: Sunflowers form galls relatively quickly. I usually get them in two weeks at least. Good luck.

2

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 4,100 4,400 4,700 5,000 5,300 5,600 5,900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '13 to Aug '13: 2.5% Aug '12 to Aug '13: -1.3% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 1.5% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '13 to Aug '13: -0.8%

3

Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Adjusted Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -7.4% Jan '99 to Jan '00: -0.1% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -0.1% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -16.8% Jan '99 to Jan '00: -3.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -3.2% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -9.3% Jan '99 to Jan '00: +3.5% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +3.5% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

4

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

June '99 to July '99: -5.4% June '99 to July '99: -5.4% July '98 to July '99: +3.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.3% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: -0.5% July '98 to July '99: -0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.1% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: +0.5% July '98 to July '99: +1.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.3% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: +1.5% July '98 to July '99: +10.2% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +7.2%

5

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nov '99 to Dec '99: +5.3% Nov '99 to Dec '99: +5.3% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +8.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +5.0% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +6.0% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +4.5% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +2.4% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +3.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.9% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +32.3% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +2.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +5.5%

6

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

July '99 to Aug. '99: +4.7% July '99 to Aug. '99: +4.7% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: +1.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.7% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: -1.9% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: -0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.9% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: -0.1% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: -1.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.7% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: +22.3% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: +21.1%

7

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aug '99 to Sep '99: +4.9% Aug '99 to Sep '99: +4.9% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +4.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.7% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: -2.4% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: -2.1% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +4.6% YTD '98 to YTD '99: 0.0% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: +7.3% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +8.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +8.3%

8

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oct '99 to Nov '99: +0.1% Oct '99 to Nov '99: +0.1% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +5.5% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.5% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: -0.7% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +1.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.1% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: +2.5% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +6.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.8% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: +9.7% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +2.2% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.2%

9

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sep '99 to Oct '99: +3.9% Sep '99 to Oct '99: +3.9% Oct '98 to Oct '99: +2.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.4% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -0.2% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -0.9% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.0% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -1.9% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -0.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.4% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -2.1% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -6.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.6%

10

Asymptotic Cellular Growth Rate as the Effective Information Utilization Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the average asymptotic growth rate of cells in randomly fluctuating environments. Using a game-theoretic perspective, we show that any response strategy has an asymptotic growth rate, which is the sum of: (i) the maximal growth rate at the worst possible distribution of environments, (ii) relative information between the actual distribution of environments to the worst one, and (iii) information utilization rate which is the information rate of the sensory devices minus the "information dissipation rate", the amount of information not utilized by the cell for growth. In non-stationary environments, the optimal strategy is the time average of the instantaneous optimal strategy and the optimal switching times are evenly spaced in the statistical (Fisher) metric.

Pugatch, Rami; Tlusty, Tsvi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Estimating phytoplankton growth rates from compositional data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I build on the deterministic phytoplankton growth model of Sosik et al. by introducing process error, which simulates real variation in population growth and inaccuracies in the structure of the matrix model. Adding a ...

Thomas, Lorraine (Lorraine Marie)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Ultraslow growth rates of giant gypsum crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...gypsum crystals of Naica ore mines in Chihuahua, Mexico, a challenging subject in mineral...gypsum crystals of Naica ore mines in Chihuahua, Mexico, a challenging subject in...geological timescale. age anhydrite Chihuahua Mexico cooling crystal growth crystallization...

A. E. S. Van Driessche; J. M. García-Ruíz; K. Tsukamoto; L. D. Patiño-Lopez; H. Satoh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Estimation of Growth Rate from the Mitotic Index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Growth Rate from the Mitotic Index KING-THOM CHUNG, EDGAR H...an exponentially 778 MITOTIC INDEX GROWTH RATE 0 la 0 .0 E z...represents the time interval between completion of protein synthesis and division...Scherbaum, 0. 1957. The division index and multiplica- tion in a...

King-Thom Chung; Edgar H. Nilson; Marilyn J. Case; Allen G. Marr; Robert E. Hungate

1973-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Sibling competition and the evolution of growth rates in birds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...parental investment (e.g. the energy cost of scrambling), sibling...1991 Trade o between growth and energy storage in male Vipera berus...Reproductive success of polygynous male corn buntings Miliaria calandra as...1999 Growth rates of nestling corn buntings Miliaria calandra in...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

MHK Technologies/FO | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FO FO < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage FO.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization SEEWEC Consortium lead partner Ghent University Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/SEEWEC Consortium Brevik NO Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Point Absorber Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description The basic concept of the FO device consists of several 12 or 21 point absorbers placed under a floating platform Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 9/28/2010 << Return to the MHK database homepage Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=MHK_Technologies/FO&oldid=680556

16

The growth rate of gas hydrate from refrigerant R12  

SciTech Connect

Experimental and theoretical investigations were presented dealing with three phase direct-contact heat transfer by evaporation of refrigerant drops in an immiscible liquid. Refrigerant R12 was used as the dispersed phase, while water and brine were the immiscible continuous phase. A numerical solution is presented to predict the formation rate of gas hydrates in test column. The solution provided an acceptable agreement when compared with experimental results. The gas hydrate growth rate increased with time. It increased with increasing dispersed phase flow rate. The presence of surface-active sodium chloride in water had a strong inhibiting effect on the gas hydrate formation rate. (author)

Kendoush, Abdullah Abbas; Jassim, Najim Abid [Centre of Engineering Physics, Ministry of Sciences and Technology, P.O. Box 765, Baghdad (Iraq); Joudi, Khalid A. [Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad (Iraq)

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

17

Ultrahigh growth rate of epitaxial silicon by chemical vapor deposition at low temperature with neopentasilane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- iane SiH4 to disilane Si2H6 , to trisilane, Si3H8 2 leads to increased epitaxy growth rates at the same growth rate was 0.6 nm/min, and the disilane growth rate was 8 nm/min. In this work, we explored the use

18

Extended Simulations of Graphene Growth with Updated Rate Coefficients  

SciTech Connect

New simulations of graphene growth in flame environments are presented. The simulations employ a kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) algorithm coupled to molecular mechanics (MM) geometry optimization to track individual graphenic species as they evolve. Focus is given to incorporation of five-member rings and resulting curvature and edge defects. The model code has been re-written to be more computationally efficient enabling a larger set of simulations to be run, decreasing stochastic fluctuations in the averaged results. The model also includes updated rate coefficients for graphene edge reactions recently published in the literature. The new simulations are compared to results from the previous model as well as to hydrogen to carbon ratios recorded in experiment and calculated with alternate models.

Whitesides, R; You, X; Frenklach, M

2010-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

19

Dispersion relation and growth rate in a Cherenkov free electron laser: Finite axial magnetic field  

SciTech Connect

A theoretical analysis is presented for dispersion relation and growth rate in a Cherenkov free electron laser with finite axial magnetic field. It is shown that the growth rate and the resonance frequency of Cherenkov free electron laser increase with increasing axial magnetic field for low axial magnetic fields, while for high axial magnetic fields, they go to a saturation value. The growth rate and resonance frequency saturation values are exactly the same as those for infinite axial magnetic field approximation. The effects of electron beam self-fields on growth rate are investigated, and it is shown that the growth rate decreases in the presence of self-fields. It is found that there is an optimum value for electron beam density and Lorentz relativistic factor at which the maximum growth rate can take place. Also, the effects of velocity spread of electron beam are studied and it is found that the growth rate decreases due to the electron velocity spread.

Kheiri, Golshad; Esmaeilzadeh, Mahdi [Department of Physics, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran 16844 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Physics, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran 16844 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

20

WA_07_038_POET_PROJECT_LIBERTY_LLC_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Fo...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7038POETPROJECTLIBERTYLLCWaiverofDomesticandFo.pdf WA07038POETPROJECTLIBERTYLLCWaiverofDomesticandFo.pdf WA07038POETPROJECTLIBERTYLLCWaiverofDomestic...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

WA_01_022_PRAXAIR_INC_AND_BP_AMOCO_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Fo...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1022PRAXAIRINCANDBPAMOCOWaiverofDomesticandFo.pdf WA01022PRAXAIRINCANDBPAMOCOWaiverofDomesticandFo.pdf WA01022PRAXAIRINCANDBPAMOCOWaiverofDomestic...

22

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity growth rate Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

allows continuous tracking of promoter activity as cells change their growth rate from exponential... in the distribution across conditions, and their fractional promoter...

23

Driving Smart Growth: Electric Vehicle Adoption and OffPeak Electricity Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Driving Smart Growth: Electric Vehicle Adoption and OffPeak Electricity Rates Peter Driving Smart Growth: Electric Vehicle Adoption Page 2 Executive Summary Reducing our dependence to electric vehicles (EVs)1 is core to reducing reliance on fossil fuels and driving smart growth

Holsinger, Kent

24

Catalyst proximity effects on the growth rate of Si nanowires S. T. Boles,1,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Catalyst proximity effects on the growth rate of Si nanowires S. T. Boles,1,a E. A. Fitzgerald,1 C-liquid-solid VLS mechanism were fabricated using Au-catalyst nanoparticles and silane SiH4 gas on Si substrates. Au, with the growth rate increasing with increasing concentrations of Au-catalyst particles on the wafer surface

25

Dynamic estimation of specific growth rates of bacteria for a wastewater treatment process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic estimation of specific growth rates of bacteria for a wastewater treatment process S. Diop1 for specific growth rates for a wastewater treatment process. A 2-stage model of 6 dynamic states is assumed. Steyer, Dynamic model develop- ment and parameter identification for an anaerobic wastewater treatment

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

26

A dynamic estimation scheme of specific growth rates of bacteria for an anaerobic wastewater treatment process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A dynamic estimation scheme of specific growth rates of bacteria for an anaerobic wastewater anal- ysis and estimation schemes for specific growth rates for an anaerobic wastewater treatment the organic and inorganic materials) of municipal or industrial wastewater often needs to be highly reduced

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

27

The effect of density gradient on the growth rate of relativistic Weibel instability  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, the effect of density gradient on the Weibel instability growth rate is investigated. The density perturbations in the near corona fuel, where temperature anisotropy, ?, is larger than the critical temperature anisotropy, ?{sub c}, (??>??{sub c}), enhances the growth rate of Weibel instability due to the sidebands coupled with the electron oscillatory velocity. But for ??growth rate. Also, the growth rate can be reduced if the relativistic parameter (Lorentz factor) is sufficiently large, ??>?2. The analysis shows that relativistic effects and density gradient tend to stabilize the Weibel instability. The growth rate can be reduced by 88% by reducing ? by a factor of 100 and increasing relativistic parameter by a factor of 3.

Mahdavi, M., E-mail: m.mahdavi@umz.ac.ir [Physics Department, University of Mazandaran, P.O. Box 47415-416, Babolsar (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Khodadadi Azadboni, F., E-mail: f.khodadadi@stu.umz.ac.ir [Physics Department, University of Mazandaran, P.O. Box 47415-416, Babolsar (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Young Researchers Club, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, P.O. Box 48161-194, Sari (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

28

Field Study of Growth and Calcification Rates of Three Species of Articulated Coralline Algae in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Field Study of Growth and Calcification Rates of Three Species of Articulated Coralline Algae of coralline algae. Decreases in coralline abundance may have cascading effects on marine ecosys- tems- mon species of articulated coralline algae (Bossiella plu- mosa, Calliarthron tuberculosum

Martone, Patrick T.

29

Systems Level Regulation of Rhythmic Growth Rate and Biomass Accumulation in Grasses  

SciTech Connect

Several breakthroughs have been recently made in our understanding of plant growth and biomass accumulation. It was found that plant growth is rhythmically controlled throughout the day by the circadian clock through a complex interplay of light and phytohormone signaling pathways. While plants such as the C4 energy crop sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and possibly the C3 grass (Brachypodium distachyon) also exhibit daily rhythms in growth rate, the molecular details of its regulation remain to be explored. A better understanding of diurnally regulated growth behavior in grasses may lead to species-specific mechanisms highly relevant to future strategies to optimize energy crop biomass yield. Here we propose to devise a systems approach to identify, in parallel, regulatory hubs associated with rhythmic growth in C3 and C4 plants. We propose to use rhythmicity in daily growth patterns to drive the discovery of regulatory network modules controlling biomass accumulation.

Kay, Steve A. [University of California San Diego

2013-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

30

High Growth Rate of Epitaxial Silicon-Carbon Alloys by High-Order Silane Precursor and Chemical Vapor Deposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rates typically achieved by disilane and silane, respectively, at 575o C. The rate at present is limited precursor HOS than disilane in CVD, even at lower temperatures. Our current growth rates of Si1-yCy alloys

31

Rate-dependent morphology of Li2O2 growth in Li-O2 batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compact solid discharge products enable energy storage devices with high gravimetric and volumetric energy densities, but solid deposits on active surfaces can disturb charge transport and induce mechanical stress. In this Letter we develop a nanoscale continuum model for the growth of Li2O2 crystals in lithium-oxygen batteries with organic electrolytes, based on a theory of electrochemical non-equilibrium thermodynamics originally applied to Li-ion batteries. As in the case of lithium insertion in phase-separating LiFePO4 nanoparticles, the theory predicts a transition from complex to uniform morphologies of Li2O2 with increasing current. Discrete particle growth at low discharge rates becomes suppressed at high rates, resulting in a film of electronically insulating Li2O2 that limits cell performance. We predict that the transition between these surface growth modes occurs at current densities close to the exchange current density of the cathode reaction, consistent with experimental observations.

Horstmann, B; Mitchell, R; Bessler, W G; Shao-Horn, Y; Bazant, M Z

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Coccolith Sr/Ca as a new indicator of coccolithophorid calcification and growth rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coccolith Sr/Ca as a new indicator of coccolithophorid calcification and growth rate Heather M in the eastern equatorial Pacific show variations of $ 15% in Sr/Ca ratios across the equatorial upwelling zone, with Sr/Ca highest at the equator and decreasing off-axis. These variations cannot be due to changes

Schrag, Daniel

33

Can observational growth rate data favour the clustering dark energy models?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under the commonly used assumption that clumped objects can be well described by a spherical top-hat matter density profile, we investigate the evolution of the cosmic growth index in clustering dark energy (CDE) scenarios on sub-horizon scales. We show that the evolution of the growth index $\\gamma(z)$ strongly depends on the equation-of-state (EoS) parameter and on the clustering properties of the dark energy (DE) component. Performing a $\\chi^2$ analysis, we show that CDE models have a better fit to observational growth rate data points with respect to the concordance $\\Lambda$CDM model. We finally determine $\\gamma(z)$ using an exponential parametrization and demonstrate that the growth index in CDE models presents large variations with cosmic redshift. In particular it is smaller (larger) than the theoretical value for the $\\Lambda$CDM model, $\\gamma_{\\Lambda}\\simeq0.55$, in the recent past (at the present time).

Mehrabi, Ahmad; Pace, Francesco

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

The effect of threadfin shad introduction on growth rates of largemouth bass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

'1ASTER OF SCIENCE December 1976 11ajor Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Science THE EFFECT OF THREADFIN SHAD INTRODUCTION ON GROWTH RATES OF LARGEMOUTH BASS A Thesis by ALBERT EUGENE BIVINGS, IV Approved as to style and content by: (C (Chairman... Nethodist University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Raphael E. Quinn A 15 ha farm pond in northeast Texas was treated with a chemical herbicide in the spring of 1973 to remove dense stands of aquatic vegetation and was subsequently stocked...

Bivings, Albert Eugene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

35

F.O. Licht's 17th Annual World Ethanol & Biofuels Conference...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

F.O. Licht's 17th Annual World Ethanol & Biofuels Conference F.O. Licht's 17th Annual World Ethanol & Biofuels Conference November 3, 2014 8:30AM CET to November 6, 2014 1:20PM CET...

36

Prediction of PWSCC in nickel base alloys using crack growth rate models  

SciTech Connect

The Ford/Andresen slip-dissolution SCC model, originally developed for stainless steel components in BWR environments, has been applied to Alloy 600 and Alloy X-750 tested in deaerated pure water chemistry. A method is described whereby the crack growth rates measured in compact tension specimens can be used to estimate crack growth in a component. Good agreement was found between model prediction and measured SCC in X-750 threaded fasteners over a wide range of temperatures, stresses, and material conditions. Most data support the basic assumption of this model that cracks initiate early in life. The evidence supporting a particular SCC mechanism is mixed. Electrochemical repassivation data and estimates of oxide fracture strain indicate that the slip-dissolution model can account for the observed crack growth rates, provided primary rather than secondary creep rates are used. However, approximately 100 cross-sectional TEM foils of SCC cracks including crack tips reveal no evidence of enhanced plasticity or unique dislocation patterns at the crack tip or along the crack to support a classic slip-dissolution mechanism. No voids, hydrides, or microcracks are found in the vicinity of the crack tips creating doubt about classic hydrogen related mechanisms. The bulk oxide films exhibit a surface oxide which is often different than the oxides found within a crack. Although bulk chromium concentration affects the rate of SCC, analytical data indicates the mechanism does not result from chromium depletion at the grain boundaries. The overall findings support a corrosion/dissolution mechanism but not one necessarily related to slip at the crack tip.

Thompson, C.D.; Krasodomski, H.T.; Lewis, N.; Makar, G.L. [Knolls Atomic Power Lab., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

37

A Bioreactor for Growth of Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria: Online Estimation of Specific Growth Rate and Biomass for the Deep-Sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Specific Growth Rate and Biomass for the Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vent Thermophile Thermodesulfatator indicus, a chemolithotrophic, thermophilic, sulfate-reducing bac- terium recently isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent donor and CO2 as primary carbon source. These experiments were designed to measure growth kinetics under

Reysenbach, Anna-Louise

38

A review of fatigue crack growth rates for offshore steels in air and seawater environments  

SciTech Connect

A literature review of fatigue crack growth rates (FCGR) has been performed for steels in air and seawater environments, either free corroding or with applied cathodic protection potentials of {minus}850 and {minus}1050/{minus}1100 mV Ag/AgCl. In all cases a more precise description of cracking was obtained using a bi-linear growth law rather than the more conventional Paris Law. Recommendations were made for mean and design values of the constants C and m on a piece-wise basis suitable for use in fracture mechanics analyses of structures. An effect of R-ratio was observed, and separate recommendations were made for high and low R-ratios to cater for as-welded, and post weld heat treated joints with low mean stress levels.

King, R.N. [Failure Control Ltd., Cranleigh (United Kingdom); Stacey, A.; Sharp, J.V. [Health and Safety Executive, London (United Kingdom). Offshore Safety Div.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

The Empirical Research of the Growth of the Listing Real Estate Company Based on the “Sustainable Growth Rate” Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is based on the classical Robert C. Higgins sustainable growth model as the theoretical foundation, for the empirical research of the sustainable growth of the listing Real estate company. Through rese...

Shuai Gao; Hong Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Environmental Dependence of Dark Matter Halo Growth I: Halo Merger Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an earlier paper we quantified the mean merger rate of dark matter haloes as a function of redshift z, descendant halo mass M0, and progenitor halo mass ratio xi using the Millennium simulation of the LCDM cosmology. Here we broaden that study and investigate the dependence of the merger rate of haloes on their surrounding environment. A number of local mass overdensity variables, both including and excluding the halo mass itself, are tested as measures of a halo's environment. The simple functional dependence on z, M0, and xi of the merger rate found in our earlier work is largely preserved in different environments, but we find that the overall amplitude of the merger rate has a strong positive correlation with the environmental densities. For galaxy-mass haloes, we find mergers to occur ~2.5 times more frequently in the densest regions than in voids at both z=0 and higher redshifts. Higher-mass haloes show similar trends. We present a fitting form for this environmental dependence that is a function of both mass and local density and is valid out to z=2. The amplitude of the progenitor (or conditional) mass function shows a similarly strong correlation with local overdensity, suggesting that the extended Press-Schechter model for halo growth needs to be modified to incorporate environmental effects.

Onsi Fakhouri; Chung-Pei Ma

2008-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Intra-canopy variability of fruit growth rate in peach trees grafted on rootstocks with different vigour-control capacity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intra-canopy variability of fruit growth rate in peach trees grafted on rootstocks with different research was to study intra-canopy variability in fruit growth under conditions of low fruit-to- fruit vertically into five layers.The diameter of 12 fruit per canopy layer was measured early in the growing

DeJong, Theodore

42

Atmospheric chemistry of FO[sub 2] radicals. Reaction with Ch[sub 4], O[sub 3], NO, NO[sub 2], and CO at 295 K  

SciTech Connect

Using pulse radiolysis combined with UV absorption spectroscopy, upper limits for the rate constants of the reaction of the FO[sub 2] radical with O[sub 3], CH[sub 4], and CO were determined to be <3.4 x 10[sup [minus]16], <4.1 x 10[sup [minus]15], and <5.1 x 10[sup [minus]16] cm[sup 3] molecule[sup [minus]1] s[sup [minus]1], respectively. The rate constants for the reactions of FO[sub 2] radicals with NO and NO[sub 2] were measured: FO[sub 2] + NO [yields] FNO + O[sub 2] (10a); FO[sub 2] + NO[sub 2] [yields] products (11). The rate constants for reactions 10 and 11 were determined to be (1.47 [+-] 0.08) x 10[sup [minus]12] and (1.05 [+-] 0.15) x 10[sup [minus]13] cm[sup 3] molecule[sup [minus]1] s[sup [minus]1], respectively. Reaction 10a was found to give FNO in a yield of 100 [+-] 14%. As a part of this work, an upper limit of the reaction of FO radicals with O[sub 3] was determined to be <1.2 x 10[sup [minus]12] cm[sup 3] molecule[sup [minus]1] s[sup [minus]1]. Results are discussed in the context of the atmospheric chemistry of the FO[sub 2] radical and hydrofluorocarbons. 23 refs., 12 figs., 2 tabs.

Sehested, J.; Sehested, K.; Nielsen, O.J. (Riso National Lab., Roskilde (Denmark)); Wallington, T.J. (Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI (United States))

1994-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

43

Effects of ion abundances on electromagnetic ion cyclotron wave growth rate in the vicinity of the plasmapause  

SciTech Connect

Electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves in multi-ion species plasmas propagate in branches. Except for the branch corresponding to the heaviest ion species, which has only a resonance at its gyrofrequency, these branches are bounded below by a cutoff frequency and above by a resonant gyrofrequency. The condition for wave growth is determined by the thermal anisotropies of each ion species, j, which sets an upper bound, ?{sub j}{sup ?}, on the wave frequency below which that ion species contributes positively to the growth rate. It follows that the relative positions of the cutoffs and the critical frequencies ?{sub j}{sup ?} play a crucial role in determining whether a particular wave branch will be unstable. The effect of the magnetospheric ion abundances on the growth rate of each branch of the EMIC instability in a model where all the ion species have kappa velocity distributions is investigated by appealing to the above ideas. Using the variation of the cutoff frequencies predicted by cold plasma theory as a guide, optimal ion abundances that maximise the EMIC instability growth rate are sought. When the ring current is comprised predominantly of H{sup +} ions, all branches of the EMIC wave are destabilised, with the proton branch having the maximum growth rate. When the O{sup +} ion abundance in the ring current is increased, a decrease in the growth rate of the proton branch and cyclotron damping of the helium branch are observed. The oxygen branch, on the other hand, experiences an increase in the maximum growth rate with an increase in the O{sup +} ion abundance. When the ring current is comprised predominantly of He{sup +} ions, only the helium and oxygen branches of the EMIC wave are destabilised, with the helium branch having the maximum growth rate.

Henning, F. D., E-mail: farranalfonso@gmail.com; Mace, R. L., E-mail: macer@ukzn.ac.za [School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000 (South Africa)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

44

Effect of the growth rate on the morphology and structural properties of hut-shaped Ge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of Ge deposition rate on the morphology and structural properties of self-assembled Ge/Si(001) islands was studied. Ge/Si(001) layers were grown by solid-source molecular-beam epitaxy at 500?°C. We adjusted the Ge coverage, 6 monolayers (ML), and varied the Ge growth rate by a factor of 100, R = 0.02–2 ML s?1, to produce films consisting of hut-shaped Ge islands. The samples were characterized by scanning tunnelling microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and Rutherford backscattering measurements. The mean lateral size of Ge nanoclusters decreases from 14.1 nm at R = 0.02 ML s?1 to 9.8 nm at R = 2 ML s?1. The normalized width of the size distribution shows non-monotonic behaviour as a function of R and has a minimum value of 19% at R = 2 ML s?1. Ge nanoclusters fabricated at the highest deposition rate demonstrate the best structural quality and the highest Ge content (~0.9).

A I Yakimov; A I Nikiforov; A V Dvurechenskii; V V Ulyanov; V A Volodin; R Groetzschel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Effect of flow rate of ethanol on growth dynamics of VA-SWNT -Transition from no-flow CVD to normal ACCVD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of flow rate of ethanol on growth dynamics of VA-SWNT - Transition from no-flow CVD a growth model [2]. In this study, the flow rate of ethanol during the CVD was controlled precisely. Figure 1 shows the growth curve of VA-SWNT film for various ethanol flow rates. In the figure, "No

Maruyama, Shigeo

46

Ice in Clouds Experiment—Layer Clouds. Part I: Ice Growth Rates Derived from Lenticular Wave Cloud Penetrations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lenticular wave clouds are used as a natural laboratory to estimate the linear and mass growth rates of ice particles at temperatures from ?20° to ?32°C and to characterize the apparent rate of ice nucleation at water saturation at a nearly ...

Andrew J. Heymsfield; Paul R. Field; Matt Bailey; Dave Rogers; Jeffrey Stith; Cynthia Twohy; Zhien Wang; Samuel Haimov

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

I RADIOLOGICAL SCOPING SURVEY OF FO,RMER MONSANTO' FACILITIES  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

-I a.d *4dk *-f--l- -I a.d *4dk *-f--l- --- I. ,e-- - .- --_ -- -. ;,. -* " . I . RADIOLOGICAL SCOPING SURVEY OF FO,RMER MONSANTO' FACILITIES (Unit XII and W a rehouse) DAYTON, OHIO Report Date: 4 September 1997 Survey Dak 27 Aitgust 1991 Prepared by: Mark L. Mays, Chief Radiation Safety Branch Sponsored by: M iamisburg Environmental Matigement Reject Office Ohio FTekl Ofice U.S.. Department of Energy Conducted by: %diation Safety Branch Of&e of Environmental Management ggtb Air Base W ing U.S. Departmtnt of the Air Force In Cooperation W ith: Southwest District Office Ohio Environmental Protection Agency - O h io Cnvironmwhl Protection Agenty Bureau of Radiological Health Ohio Department of Health. I Lb ^U .L*-u i-.-r- --- , .., II ,.--(_ ~_ -_- --- -_ _.. ;

48

Pulsed Helium Ion Beam Induced Deposition: A Means to High Growth Rates  

SciTech Connect

The sub-nanometer beam of a helium ion microscope was used to study and optimize helium-ion beam induced deposition of PtC nanopillars with the (CH{sub 3}){sub 3}Pt(CPCH{sub 3}) precursor. The beam current, beam dwell time, precursor refresh time, and beam focus have been independently varied. Continuous beam exposure resulted in narrow but short pillars, while pulsed exposure resulted in thinner and higher ones. Furthermore, at short dwell times the deposition efficiency was very high, especially for a defocused beam. Efficiencies were measured up to 20 times the value for continuous exposure conditions. The interpretation of the experimental data was aided by a Monte Carlo simulation of the deposition. The results indicate that two regimes are operational in ion beam induced deposition (IBID). In the first one, the adsorbed precursor molecules originally present in the beam interaction region decompose. After the original precursor layer is consumed, further depletion is averted and growth continues by the supply of molecules via adsorption and surface diffusion. Depletion around the beam impact site can be distinguished from depletion on the flanges of the growing pillars. The Monte Carlo simulations for low precursor surface coverage reproduce measured growth rates, but predict considerably narrower pillars, especially at short dwell times. Both the experiments and the simulations show that the pillar width rapidly increases with increasing beam diameter. Optimal writing strategy, good beam focusing, and rapid beam positioning are needed for efficient and precise fabrication of extended and complex nanostructures by He-IBID.

Alkemade, Paul F. A. [Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands; Miro, Hozanna [Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands; Van Veldhoven, Emile [TNO Van Leeuwenhoek Laboratory; Maas, Diederick [TNO Van Leeuwenhoek Laboratory; Smith, Daryl [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Rack, P. D. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

RATES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Planning & Projects Planning & Projects Power Marketing Rates You are here: SN Home page > Power Marketing > RATES Rates and Repayment Services Rates Current Rates Power Revenue Requirement Worksheet (FY 2014) (Oct 2013 - Sep 2014) (PDF - 30K) PRR Notification Letter (Sep 27, 2013) (PDF - 959K) FY 2012 FP% True-Up Calculations(PDF - 387K) Variable Resource Scheduling Charge FY12-FY16 (October 1, 2012) PRR Forecast FY14-FY17 (May 23, 2013) (PDF - 100K) Forecasted Transmission Rates (May 2013) (PDF - 164K) Past Rates 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 Historical CVP Transmission Rates (April 2013) (PDF - 287K) Rate Schedules Power - CV-F13 - CPP-2 Transmission - CV-T3 - CV-NWT5 - PACI-T3 - COTP-T3 - CV-TPT7 - CV-UUP1 Ancillary - CV-RFS4 - CV-SPR4 - CV-SUR4 - CV-EID4 - CV-GID1 Federal Register Notices - CVP, COTP and PACI

50

RATES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marketing > RATES Marketing > RATES RATES Current Rates Past Rates 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Rates Schedules Power CV-F13 CPP-2 Transmissions CV-T3 CV-NWT5 PACI-T3 COTP-T3 CV-TPT7 CV-UUP1 Ancillary CV-RFS4 CV-SPR4 CV-SUR4 CV-EID4 CV-GID1 Future and Other Rates SNR Variable Resource Scheduling Charge FY12-FY16 (October 1, 2012) SNR Rates Process Calendar (PDF - 171K) Procedures Informal Process Transmission Action Items List (PDF - 144K) Power Action Item List updated on 4-27-10 (PDF - 155K) Power Action Item List (Quick links to relevant documents) Formal Process Rates Brochure (01/11/2011) (PDF - 900K) Appendix A - Federal Register Notice (01/03/2011) (PDF - 8000K) Appendix B - Central Valley Project Power Repayment Study (PDF - 22,322K) Appendix C - Development of the CVP Cost of Service Study (PDF - 2038K)

51

RATES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RATES RATES Rates Document Library SNR Rates Process Calendar (PDF - 171K) Procedures Informal Process Transmission Action Items List (PDF - 144K) Power Action Item List updated on 4-27-10 (PDF - 155K) Power Action Item List (Quick links to relevant documents) Formal Process Rates Brochure (01/11/2011) (PDF - 900K) Appendix A - Federal Register Notice (01/03/2011) (PDF - 8000K) Appendix B - Central Valley Project Power Repayment Study (PDF - 22,322K) Appendix C - Development of the CVP Cost of Service Study (PDF - 2038K) Appendix D - Western Transmission System Facilities Map (PDF - 274K) Appendix E - Estimated FY12 FP and BR Customer (PDF - 1144K) Appendix F - Forecasted Replacements and Additions FY11 - FY16 (PDF - 491K) Appendix G - Definitions (PDF - 1758K) Appendix H - Acronyms (PDF - 720K)

52

Summary We compared radiation-use efficiency of growth (), defined as rate of biomass accumulation per unit of ab-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) employed a model based on the conversion efficiency of solar radiation to biomass, combined with spaSummary We compared radiation-use efficiency of growth (), defined as rate of biomass accumulation-use efficiency (), a concept employed initially in crops research, is the quotient of cumulative biomass to ab

DeLucia, Evan H.

53

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: the growth rate of cosmic structure since redshift z=0.9  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Papers The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: the growth rate of cosmic...power spectrum of the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. Our results, which have a...have constructed the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey (Drinkwater et al. 2010......

Chris Blake; Sarah Brough; Matthew Colless; Carlos Contreras; Warrick Couch; Scott Croom; Tamara Davis; Michael J. Drinkwater; Karl Forster; David Gilbank; Mike Gladders; Karl Glazebrook; Ben Jelliffe; Russell J. Jurek; I-hui Li; Barry Madore; D. Christopher Martin; Kevin Pimbblet; Gregory B. Poole; Michael Pracy; Rob Sharp; Emily Wisnioski; David Woods; Ted K. Wyder; H. K. C. Yee

2011-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

54

The Stress Corrosion Crack Growth Rate of Alloy 600 Heat Affected Zones Exposed to High Purity Water  

SciTech Connect

Grain boundary chromium carbides improve the resistance of nickel based alloys to primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC). However, in weld heat affected zones (HAZ's), thermal cycles from fusion welding can solutionize beneficial grain boundary carbides, produce locally high residual stresses and strains, and promote PWSCC. The present research investigates the crack growth rate of an A600 HAZ as a function of test temperature. The A600 HAZ was fabricated by building up a gas-tungsten-arc-weld deposit of EN82H filler metal onto a mill-annealed A600 plate. Fracture mechanics based, stress corrosion crack growth rate testing was performed in high purity water between 600 F and 680 F at an initial stress intensity factor of 40 ksi {radical}in and at a constant electrochemical potential. The HAZ samples exhibited significant SCC, entirely within the HAZ at all temperatures tested. While the HAZ samples showed the same temperature dependence for SCC as the base material (HAZ: 29.8 {+-} 11.2{sub 95%} kcal/mol vs A600 Base: 35.3 {+-} 2.58{sub 95%} kcal/mol), the crack growth rates were {approx} 30X faster than the A600 base material tested at the same conditions. The increased crack growth rates of the HAZ is attributed to fewer intergranular chromium rich carbides and to increased plastic strain in the HAZ as compared to the unaffected base material.

George A. Young; Nathan Lewis

2003-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

55

Calcite growth rates as a function of aqueous calcium-to-carbonate ratio, saturation index and strontium concentration  

SciTech Connect

Using in situ atomic force microscopy, the growth rates of the obtuse and acute step orientations on the calcite surface were measured at two saturation indices as a function of the aqueous calcium-to-carbonate ratio and aqueous strontium concentration. The amount of strontium required to inhibit growth was found to correlate with the aqueous calcium concentration, but did not correlate with carbonate. This suggests that strontium inhibits attachment of calcium ions to the reactive sites on the calcite surface. Strontium/calcium cation exchange selectivity coefficients for those sites, Kex, of 1.09 0.09 and 1.44 0.19 are estimated for the obtuse and acute step orientations, respectively. The implication of this finding is that to avoid poisoning calcite growth, the concentration of calcium should be higher than the quotient of the strontium concentration and Kex, regardless of saturation state. Additionally, analytical models of nucleation and propagation of steps are expanded from previous work to capture growth rates of these steps at multiple saturation indices and the effect of strontium. This work will have broader implications for naturally occurring or engineered calcite growth, such as to sequester subsurface strontium contamination.

Bracco, Jacquelyn N [ORNL; Grantham, Ms. Meg [Georgia Institute of Technology; Stack, Andrew G [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Metal-to-Insulator Transition in Anatase TiO2 Thin Films Induced by Growth Rate Modulation  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate control of the carrier density of single phase anatase TiO{sub 2} thin films by nearly two orders of magnitude by modulating the growth kinetics during pulsed laser deposition, under fixed thermodynamic conditions. The resistivity and the intensity of the photoluminescence spectra of these TiO{sub 2} samples, both of which correlate with the number of oxygen vacancies, are shown to depend strongly on the growth rate. A quantitative model is used to explain the carrier density changes.

Tachikawa, T; Minohara, M.; Nakanishi, Y.; Hikita, Y.; Yoshita, M.; Akiyama, H.; Bell, C.; Hwang, H.Y.

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

57

Single-mode Rayleigh-Taylor growth-rate measurements with the OMEGA laser system  

SciTech Connect

The results from a series of single-mode Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) instability growth experiments performed on the OMEGA laser system using planar targets are reported. Planar targets with imposed mass perturbations were accelerated using five to six 351-nm laser beams overlapped with total intensities up to 2.5{times}10{sup 14}W/cm{sup 2}. Experiments were performed with both 3-ns ramp and 3-ns flat-topped temporal pulse shapes. The use of distributed phase plates and smoothing by spectral dispersion resulted in a laser-irradiation nonuniformity of 4{percent}{endash}7{percent} over a 600-{mu}m-diam region defined by the 90{percent} intensity contour. The temporal growth of the modulation in optical depth was measured using through-foil radiography and was detected with an x-ray framing camera for CH targets with and without a foam buffer. The growth of both 31-{mu}m and 60-{mu}m wavelength perturbations was found to be in good agreement with {ital ORCHID} simulations when the experimental details, including noise, were included. The addition of a 30-mg/cc, 100-{mu}m-thick polystyrene foam buffer layer resulted in reduced growth of the 31-{mu}m perturbation and essentially unchanged growth for the 60-{mu}m case when compared to targets without foam. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Knauer, J.P.; Verdon, C.P.; Meyerhofer, D.D.; Boehly, T.R.; Bradley, D.K.; Smalyuk, V.A.; Ofer, D.; McKenty, P.W. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester (United States); Glendinning, S.G.; Kalantar, D.H. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States); Watt, R.G.; Gobby, P.L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (United States); Willi, O.; Taylor, R.J. [Imperial College (United States)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Single-mode Rayleigh-Taylor growth-rate measurements with the OMEGA laser system  

SciTech Connect

The results from a series of single-mode Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) instability growth experiments performed on the OMEGA laser system using planar targets are reported. Planar targets with imposed mass perturbations were accelerated using five to six 351-nm laser beams overlapped with total intensities up to 2.5x10{sup 14} W/cm{sup 2}. Experiments were performed with both 3-ns ramp and 3-ns flat-topped temporal pulse shapes. The use of distributed phase plates and smoothing by spectral dispersion resulted in a laser-irradiation nonuniformity of 4%-7% over a 600-{mu}m-diam region defined by the 90% intensity contour. The temporal growth of the modulation in optical depth was measured using through-foil radiography and was detected with an x-ray framing camera for CH targets with and without a foam buffer. The growth of both 31-{mu}m and 60-{mu}m wavelength perturbations was found to be in good agreement with ORCHID simulations when the experimental details, including noise, were included. The addition of a 30-mg/cc, 100-{mu}m-thick polystyrene foam buffer layer resulted in reduced growth of the 31-{mu}m perturbation and essentially unchanged growth for the 60-{mu}m case when compared to targets without foam.

Knauer, J. P.; Verdon, C. P.; Meyerhofer, D. D.; Boehly, T. R.; Bradley, D. K.; Smalyuk, V. A.; Ofer, D.; McKenty, P. W.; Glendinning, S. G.; Kalantar, D. H.; Watt, R. G.; Gobby, P. L.; Willi, O.; Taylor, R. J. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States); Los Alamos National Laboratory (United States); Imperial College (United Kingdom)

1997-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

A Change in the Early Growth Rates of Four Larval Marine Fishes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT. The growth curves (age on length) of four widely diversified species of fish larvae (Sar- ... ratios lie between 4 and 10. The effect of ..... through larval lift may bc compared with the slope ... was calculated by the two-point formula.

1999-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

60

Regular three-dimensional bubble clusters: shape, packing and growth-rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

approached with continuum approximations. An understanding of foam properties such as aging, due to gas dif to line-length) structure of equal- size bubbles that fills space? In 2D, Hales [3] proved/V2/3. · Growth laws: how does a foam age, or coarsen, due to gas diffusion across its surfaces? The 2

Cox, Simon

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

High Growth Rate Deposition of Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon-Germanium Films and Devices Using ECR-PECVD  

SciTech Connect

Hydrogenated amorphous silicon germanium films (a-SiGe:H) and devices have been extensively studied because of the tunable band gap for matching the solar spectrum and mature the fabrication techniques. a-SiGe:H thin film solar cells have great potential for commercial manufacture because of very low cost and adaptability to large-scale manufacturing. Although it has been demonstrated that a-SiGe:H thin films and devices with good quality can be produced successfully, some issues regarding growth chemistry have remained yet unexplored, such as the hydrogen and inert-gas dilution, bombardment effect, and chemical annealing, to name a few. The alloying of the SiGe introduces above an order-of-magnitude higher defect density, which degrades the performance of the a-SiGe:H thin film solar cells. This degradation becomes worse when high growth-rate deposition is required. Preferential attachment of hydrogen to silicon, clustering of Ge and Si, and columnar structure and buried dihydride radicals make the film intolerably bad. The work presented here uses the Electron-Cyclotron-Resonance Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (ECR-PECVD) technique to fabricate a-SiGe:H films and devices with high growth rates. Helium gas, together with a small amount of H{sub 2}, was used as the plasma species. Thickness, optical band gap, conductivity, Urbach energy, mobility-lifetime product, I-V curve, and quantum efficiency were characterized during the process of pursuing good materials. The microstructure of the a-(Si,Ge):H material was probed by Fourier-Transform Infrared spectroscopy. They found that the advantages of using helium as the main plasma species are: (1) high growth rate--the energetic helium ions break the reactive gas more efficiently than hydrogen ions; (2) homogeneous growth--heavy helium ions impinging on the surface promote the surface mobility of the reactive radicals, so that heteroepitaxy growth as clustering of Ge and Si, columnar structure are reduced; (3) surface hydrogen removal--heavier and more energetic helium ions break the Si-H much easier than hydrogen ions. The preferential attachment of Si-H to Ge-H is reduced. They also found that with the small amount of hydrogen put into the plasma, the superior properties of a-(Si,Ge):H made from pure hydrogen dilution plasma were still maintained. These hydrogen ions help to remove the subsurface weakly bonded hydrogen and buried hydrogen. They also help to passivate the Ge-dangling bond.

Yong Liu

2002-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

62

Prediction of pure water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) in nickel base alloys using crack growth rate models  

SciTech Connect

The Ford/Andresen slip dissolution SCC model, originally developed for stainless steel components in BWR environments, has been applied to Alloy 600 and Alloy X-750 tested in deaerated pure water chemistry. A method is described whereby the crack growth rates measured in compact tension specimens can be used to estimate crack growth in a component. Good agreement was found between model prediction and measured SCC in X-750 threaded fasteners over a wide range of temperatures, stresses, and material condition. Most data support the basic assumption of this model that cracks initiate early in life. The evidence supporting a particular SCC mechanism is mixed. Electrochemical repassivation data and estimates of oxide fracture strain indicate that the slip dissolution model can account for the observed crack growth rates, provided primary rather than secondary creep rates are used. However, approximately 100 cross-sectional TEM foils of SCC cracks including crack tips reveal no evidence of enhanced plasticity or unique dislocation patterns at the crack tip or along the crack to support a classic slip dissolution mechanism. No voids, hydrides, or microcracks are found in the vicinity of the crack tips creating doubt about classic hydrogen related mechanisms. The bulk oxide films exhibit a surface oxide which is often different than the oxides found within a crack. Although bulk chromium concentration affects the rate of SCC, analytical data indicates the mechanism does not result from chromium depletion at the grain boundaries. The overall findings support a corrosion/dissolution mechanism but not one necessarily related to slip at the crack tip.

Thompson, C.D.; Krasodomski, H.T.; Lewis, N.; Makar, G.L.

1995-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

63

The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces  

SciTech Connect

Past work in the area of laser-induced damage growth has shown growth rates to be primarily dependent on the laser fluence and wavelength. More recent studies suggest that growth rate, similar to the damage initiation process, is affected by a number of additional parameters including pulse duration, pulse shape, site size, and internal structure. In this study, we focus on the effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser damage sites located on the exit surface of fused silica optics. Our results demonstrate, for the first time, a significant dependence of growth rate at 351 nm on pulse duration from 1 ns to 15 ns as {tau}{sup 0.3} for sites in the 50-100 {micro}m size range.

Negres, R A; Norton, M A; Liao, Z M; Cross, D A; Bude, J D; Carr, C W

2009-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

64

EA-1472: Commercial Demonstration fo the Low Nox Burner/Separated Over-Fire  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

472: Commercial Demonstration fo the Low Nox Burner/Separated 472: Commercial Demonstration fo the Low Nox Burner/Separated Over-Fire Air (LNB/SOFA) Integration System Emission Reduction Technology, Holcolm Station, Sunflower Electric Power Corporation Finnety County, Kansas EA-1472: Commercial Demonstration fo the Low Nox Burner/Separated Over-Fire Air (LNB/SOFA) Integration System Emission Reduction Technology, Holcolm Station, Sunflower Electric Power Corporation Finnety County, Kansas SUMMARY The DOE has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA), to analyze the potential impacts of the commercial application of the Low-NOx Burner/Separated Over-Fire Air (LNB/SOFA) integration system to achieve nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions reduction at Sunflower's Holcomb Unit No. 1 (Holcomb Station), located near Garden City, in Finney County, Kansas.

65

Growth rate of late passage sarcoma cells is independent of epigenetic events but dependent on the amount of chromosomal aberrations  

SciTech Connect

Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are characterized by co-participation of several epigenetic and genetic events during tumorigenesis. Having bypassed cellular senescence barriers during oncogenic transformation, the factors further affecting growth rate of STS cells remain poorly understood. Therefore, we investigated the role of gene silencing (DNA promoter methylation of LINE-1, PTEN), genetic aberrations (karyotype, KRAS and BRAF mutations) as well as their contribution to the proliferation rate and migratory potential that underlies “initial” and “final” passage sarcoma cells. Three different cell lines were used, SW982 (synovial sarcoma), U2197 (malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH)) and HT1080 (fibrosarcoma). Increased proliferative potential of final passage STS cells was not associated with significant differences in methylation (LINE-1, PTEN) and mutation status (KRAS, BRAF), but it was dependent on the amount of chromosomal aberrations. Collectively, our data demonstrate that these fairly differentiated/advanced cancer cell lines have still the potential to gain an additional spontaneous growth benefit without external influences and that maintenance of increased proliferative potential towards longevity of STS cells (having crossed senescence barriers) may be independent of overt epigenetic alterations. -- Highlights: Increased proliferative potential of late passage STS cells was: • Not associated with epigenetic changes (methylation changes at LINE-1, PTEN). • Not associated with mutation status of KRAS, BRAF. • Dependent on presence/absence of chromosomal aberrations.

Becerikli, Mustafa; Jacobsen, Frank; Rittig, Andrea; Köhne, Wiebke [Department of Plastic Surgery, BG University Hospital Bergmannsheil, Ruhr-University Bochum (Germany); Nambiar, Sandeep; Mirmohammadsadegh, Alireza; Stricker, Ingo; Tannapfel, Andrea [Institute of Pathology, Ruhr-University Bochum (Germany); Wieczorek, Stefan; Epplen, Joerg Thomas [Department of Human Genetics, Ruhr-University Bochum (Germany); Tilkorn, Daniel [Department of Plastic Surgery, BG University Hospital Bergmannsheil, Ruhr-University Bochum (Germany); Steinstraesser, Lars, E-mail: lars.steinstraesser@rub.de [Department of Plastic Surgery, BG University Hospital Bergmannsheil, Ruhr-University Bochum (Germany)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Physiological and Proteomic Adaptation of “Aromatoleum aromaticum” EbN1 to Low Growth Rates in Benzoate-Limited, Anoxic Chemostats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...single- and multi-objective optimizer. Matlab Central, MathWorks, Ismaning, Germany...aromaticum EbN1 cells at different growth rates PDF file, 1.1MB. Supplemental file 1 Physiological...deceleration of benzoate metabolism and cellular processes in response to slow growth. In contrast...

Kathleen Trautwein; Sven Lahme; Lars Wöhlbrand; Christoph Feenders; Kai Mangelsdorf; Jens Harder; Alexander Steinbüchel; Bernd Blasius; Richard Reinhardt; Ralf Rabus

2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

67

Measurements of Ice Crystal Growth Rates in Air at -5C and -10C K. G. Libbrecht and H. M. Arnold  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurements of Ice Crystal Growth Rates in Air at -5C and -10C K. G. Libbrecht and H. M. Arnold to: kgl@caltech.edu Abstract. We present experiments investigating the growth of ice crystals from produce large morphological changes at all scales. One popular example of this phenomenon is the formation

Libbrecht, Kenneth G.

68

A novel null test for the $\\Lambda$CDM model with growth-rate data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current and upcoming surveys will measure the cosmological parameters with an extremely high accuracy. The primary goal of these observations is to eliminate some of the currently viable cosmological models created to explain the late time accelerated expansion (either real or only inferred). However, most of the statistical tests used in cosmology have a strong requirement: the use of a model to fit the data. Recently there has been an increased interest on finding tests that are model independent, i.e. to have a function that depends entirely on observed quantities and not on the model, see for instance [1]. In this letter we present an alternative consistency check at the perturbative level for a homogeneous and isotropic Universe filled with a dark energy component. This test makes use of the growth of matter perturbations data and it is able to not only test the homogeneous and isotropic Universe but also, within the framework of a Friedmann-Lema\\^itre-Robertson-Walker Universe, if the dark energy compon...

Nesseris, Savvas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

A novel null test for the $?$CDM model with growth-rate data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current and upcoming surveys will measure the cosmological parameters with an extremely high accuracy. The primary goal of these observations is to eliminate some of the currently viable cosmological models created to explain the late time accelerated expansion (either real or only inferred). However, most of the statistical tests used in cosmology have a strong requirement: the use of a model to fit the data. Recently there has been an increased interest on finding tests that are model independent, i.e. to have a function that depends entirely on observed quantities and not on the model, see for instance [1]. In this letter we present an alternative consistency check at the perturbative level for a homogeneous and isotropic Universe filled with a dark energy component. This test makes use of the growth of matter perturbations data and it is able to not only test the homogeneous and isotropic Universe but also, within the framework of a Friedmann-Lema\\^itre-Robertson-Walker Universe, if the dark energy component is able to cluster, if there is a tension in the data or if we are dealing with a modification of gravity.

Savvas Nesseris; Domenico Sapone

2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

70

Time growth rate and field profiles of hybrid modes excited by a relativistic elliptical electron beam in an elliptical metallic waveguide with dielectric rod  

SciTech Connect

The dispersion relation of guided electromagnetic waves propagating in an elliptical metallic waveguide with a dielectric rod driven by relativistic elliptical electron beam (REEB) is investigated. The electric field profiles and the growth rates of the waves are numerically calculated by using Mathieu functions. The effects of relative permittivity constant of dielectric rod, accelerating voltage, and current density of REEB on the growth rate are presented.

Jazi, B.; Rahmani, Z.; Abdoli-Arani, A. [Faculty of Physics, Department of Laser and Photonics, University of Kashan, Kashan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Heidari-Semiromi, E. [Faculty of Physics, Department of Condense Matter, University of Kashan, Kashan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

71

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: constraining the evolution of Newton's constant using the growth rate of structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We constrain the evolution of Newton's constant using the growth rate of large-scale structure measured by the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey in the redshift range $0.1 Survey Luminous Red Galaxy (SDSS LRG) data is $\\ddotGeff(t_0)=-3.6\\pm 6.8\\cdot 10^{-21}h^2 \\rm{yr}^{-2}$, both being consistent with General Relativity. Finally, our constraint for the rms mass fluctuation $\\sigma_8$ using the WiggleZ data is $\\sigma_8=0.75 \\pm 0.08$, while using both the WiggleZ and the SDSS LRG data $\\sigma_8=0.77 \\pm 0.07$, both in good agreement with the latest measurements from the Cosmic Microwave Background radiation.

Savvas Nesseris; Chris Blake; Tamara Davis; David Parkinson

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

72

Global analysis of Fo rster resonance energy transfer in live cells measured by fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy exploiting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global analysis of Fo¨ rster resonance energy transfer in live cells measured by fluorescence of Fo¨ rster resonance energy transfer (FRET) in live cells using the rise time of acceptor fluorescence those molecules that are involved in the energy-transfer process are monitored. This contrasts

van Stokkum, Ivo

73

Upgrade fo the CMS Hadron Outer Calorimeter with SIPMs  

SciTech Connect

The CMS Hadron Outer Calorimeter (HO) is undergoing an upgrade to replace the existing photodetectors (HPDs) with SIPMs. The chosen device is the Hamamatsu 3 x 3mm 50 {mu}m pitch MPPC. The system has been developed to be a 'drop-in' replacement of the HPDs. A complete control system of bias voltage generation, leakage current monitoring, temperature monitoring, and temperature control using solid state Peltier coolers has been developed and tested. 108 channels of the system have been installed into CMS and operated for more than 2 years. The complete system of about 2200 channels is in production and will be installed in the next LHC long shutdown scheduled for 2013. The CMS central calorimeter consists of a detector inside the solenoidal magnet, HB, and a component outside the magnet, the Outer Hadron Calorimeter, HO [1]. The HO is installed inside the magnet flux return yoke and provides for typically 3{lambda} of additional absorber to the calorimetric measurement. The outer calorimeter is composed of one or more layers of scintillator with wavelength shifting fiber readout into photodetectors. Figure 1 (a) shows the schematic layout of the calorimeters in CMS and shows the location of the HO scintillator layers. The front end electronics are placed inside the CMS detector, close to the scintillators. Figure 1(b) shows a photograph of the scintillators. Note the four wavelength shifting fibers per tile. The tile size creates a projective tower with the HB. Currently the photodetector used is the HPD but for performance and operational reasons it is desired to upgrade these with SIPMs. The CMS HCAL group has developed a drop-in replacement for the HPD using SIPMs. SIPMs are very suitable for this application because of several factors: The radiation levels are modest with a lifetime expected fluence of less than 5*10{sup 11} neutrons (E > 100 KeV) per cm{sup 2}. The energy flux into HO is small, the rate of larger energy depositions is low, and the required dynamic range is modest. The HO is in the return magnetic field of up to 2KG and the photodetector needs to operate in that environment. Finally, the available physical volume for the photodetectors is small.

Anderson, Jacob; Freeman, James; Los, Sergey; Whitmore, Juliana; /Fermilab

2011-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

74

STATEMENT OF CONSID ERATIONS CLASS WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S DOMES'I'!C: AND FO  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CONSID CONSID ERATIONS CLASS WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S DOMES'I'!C: AND FO REIGN PATENT RIGHTS AND ALLOGATION OF DATA RIGHTS ARlSlNG FROM THE USE OF DOE FACI L!TI ES ANP FACILITY CON1'RACTORS BY OR FOR Tl !IRD-PARTY SPONSORS: DOE W A.IVER NO. W(C)-2011-009. Introduction The Deparlrnenr of Energy (and its predecessor agencies) (collectively. '·DOE'' or "Department") considers each of its DOE Facilities (i.e .. National Laboratori es, single-purpose research facilities, and other Department faci lities hereinafter referred to individually as '·Facility'' or collectively as "Facilities'') a unique and val uable national resource that should be made available to the extent feas ible fo r non- Federa l research and development activities and studies for third-party Sponsors.

75

arXiv:1308.0623v1[physics.bio-ph]2Aug2013 Asymptotic Cellular Growth Rate as the Effective Information Utilization Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information Utilization Rate R. Pugatch,1 N. Barkai,2 and T. Tlusty1 1 School of Natural Sciences, Simons

Tlusty, Tsvi

76

WSU foUndation/2006-2007 2006-2007 annUaL REPoRt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WSU foUndation/2006-2007 2006-2007 annUaL REPoRt #12;2 WSU foUndation/2006-2007 TABLE OF CONTENTS 2 LEttER fRoM tHE PRESidEnt 4 fEatURE StoRiES 10 finanCiaL REPoRt 14 foUndation LEadERSHiP 17 HonoR RoLL of donoRS 8 LaUREatES 22 BEnEfaCtoRS 38 PRESidEnt'S aSSoCiatES 49 LEGaCY aSSoCiatES 52 CoRPoRationS, foUndationS

Collins, Gary S.

77

Derivation of a Langmuir type of model to describe the intrinsic growth rate of gas hydrates during crystallization from gas mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Derivation of a Langmuir type of model to describe the intrinsic growth rate of gas hydrates during crystallization from gas mixtures Jean-Michel Herri* and Matthias Kwaterski Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, 158 Cours Fauriel, 42023 Saint- Etienne, France Abstract Gas Hydrates

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

78

The effect of cover crop and fertilizer rate on the growth and survival of loblolly pine in East Texas mine spoil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these studies was to determine the effect of cover crop and N and P fertil- izer rates, used to prevent soil erosion, on the survival and growth of loblolly pine planted in mine spoil. Coastal bermudagrass, fertilized with 0, 50 or 100 kg N/ha/year, was used.../ha/year, fertilized with 0, 25 or 50 kg P/ha, were evaluated in the P study. CcnIpetition between cover crops and trees for light, water and nutrients influenced survival and growth of trees. Tree survival, after three years, was greatest in the subterranean...

Kee, David Dwayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

79

Nucleation and particle growth with fluctuating rates at the intermediate stage of phase transitions in metastable systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...difficult problem of statistical physics. However, in a first approximation...Earth [37]) and applied physics (aggregate growth in colloids...Press 13 Gardiner, CW . 1983 Handbook on stochastic methods: for physics, chemistry and the natural...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: measuring the cosmic growth rate with the two-point galaxy correlation function  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Article The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: measuring the cosmic growth...galaxy redshifts from the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. We divide the data into four...correlation function of the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey (hereafter WiggleZ; Drinkwater......

Carlos Contreras; Chris Blake; Gregory B. Poole; Felipe Marin; Sarah Brough; Matthew Colless; Warrick Couch; Scott Croom; Darren Croton; Tamara M. Davis; Michael J. Drinkwater; Karl Forster; David Gilbank; Mike Gladders; Karl Glazebrook; Ben Jelliffe; Russell J. Jurek; I-hui Li; Barry Madore; D. Christopher Martin; Kevin Pimbblet; Michael Pracy; Rob Sharp; Emily Wisnioski; David Woods; Ted K. Wyder; H. K. C. Yee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Desiccation resistance and root growth rate of St. Augustinegrass (Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Kuntze 'Floratam') as influenced by potassium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence of potassium on the mean visual turfgrass quality rating of previously stressed and watered St. Augustinegrass turfs during the 12 day period of recovery from water stress. 58 12. The influence of previous water regime treat- ment on the root.... . . . . . . . . 100 22 The influence of previous water regime of the visual turfgrass quality ratings of St. Augustinegrass maintained in the greenhouse 104 23. The influence of previous water stress on the clipping dry weights obtained from St. Augustinegrass...

DiPaola, J. M

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

82

ENHANCED GROWTH RATE AND SILANE UTILIZATION IN AMORPHOUS SILICON AND NANOCRYSTALLINE-SILICON SOLAR CELL DEPOSITION VIA GAS PHASE ADDITIVES  

SciTech Connect

Air Products set out to investigate the impact of additives on the deposition rate of both ���µCSi and ���±Si-H films. One criterion for additives was that they could be used in conventional PECVD processing, which would require sufficient vapor pressure to deliver material to the process chamber at the required flow rates. The flow rate required would depend on the size of the substrate onto which silicon films were being deposited, potentially ranging from 200 mm diameter wafers to the 5.7 m2 glass substrates used in GEN 8.5 flat-panel display tools. In choosing higher-order silanes, both disilane and trisilane had sufficient vapor pressure to withdraw gas at the required flow rates of up to 120 sccm. This report presents results obtained from testing at Air Products�¢���� electronic technology laboratories, located in Allentown, PA, which focused on developing processes on a commercial IC reactor using silane and mixtures of silane plus additives. These processes were deployed to compare deposition rates and film properties with and without additives, with a goal of maximizing the deposition rate while maintaining or improving film properties.

Ridgeway, R.G.; Hegedus, S.S.; Podraza, N.J.

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

83

The effect of water content, cooling rate, and growth temperature on the freezing temperature of 4 Tillandsia species  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the exotherm initiation temperatures (EIT) of leaf sections. The effect of 2 growth temperatures (5 and 25oC) on the absolute water content and EIT of T. recurvata and T. usneoides was also determined. All p * * pt T. mb'1 ', f o t ld temperatures at 80... used to detect ice formation in plant tissues by exotherm detection. An electronic device is used to measure the heat released (exotherm) when water freezes. From this information, the freezing and supercooling temperatures of plant tissues can...

Hagar, Christopher Flint

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Variations of Subunit ? of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis F1Fo ATP Synthase and a Novel Model for Mechanism of Action of the Tuberculosis Drug TMC207  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...synthases, the rotor of the F1 motor and the rotor of the FO motor are generally considered to be...the rotary elements of the two motors FO and F1. As shown in Fig...to the discovery of TMC207. Future Med. Chem. 3 :1345-1360...

Goran Biukovi?; Sandip Basak; Malathy Sony Subramanian Manimekalai; Sankaranarayanan Rishikesan; Manfred Roessle; Thomas Dick; Srinivasa P. S. Rao; Cornelia Hunke; Gerhard Grüber

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

85

Study of the combined effect of temperature, pH and water activity on the radial growth rate of the white-rot basidiomycete Physisporinus vitreus by using a hyphal growth model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present work investigates environmental effects on the growth of fungal colonies of P. vitreus by using a lattice-free discrete modelling approach called FGM (Fuhr et al. (2010), arXiv:1101.1747), in which hyphae and nutrients are considered as discrete structures. A discrete modelling approach allows studying the underlying mechanistic rule concerning the basic architecture and dynamic of fungal networks on the scale of a single colony. By comparing simulations of the FGM with laboratory experiments of growing fungal colonies on malt extract agar we show that combined effect of temperature, pH and water activity on the radial growth rate of a fungal colony on a macroscopic scale may be explained by a power law for the growth costs of hyphal expansion on a microscopic scale. The information about the response of the fungal mycelium on a microscopic scale to environmental conditions is essential to simulate its behavior in complex structure substrates such as wood, where the impact of the fungus to the woo...

Fuhr, M J; Schubert, M; Schwarze, F W M R; Herrmann, H J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Crack growth rates and metallographic examinations of Alloy 600 and Alloy 82/182 from field components and laboratory materials tested in PWR environments.  

SciTech Connect

In light water reactors, components made of nickel-base alloys are susceptible to environmentally assisted cracking. This report summarizes the crack growth rate results and related metallography for field and laboratory-procured Alloy 600 and its weld alloys tested in pressurized water reactor (PWR) environments. The report also presents crack growth rate (CGR) results for a shielded-metal-arc weld of Alloy 182 in a simulated PWR environment as a function of temperature between 290 C and 350 C. These data were used to determine the activation energy for crack growth in Alloy 182 welds. The tests were performed by measuring the changes in the stress corrosion CGR as the temperatures were varied during the test. The difference in electrochemical potential between the specimen and the Ni/NiO line was maintained constant at each temperature by adjusting the hydrogen overpressure on the water supply tank. The CGR data as a function of temperature yielded activation energies of 252 kJ/mol for a double-J weld and 189 kJ/mol for a deep-groove weld. These values are in good agreement with the data reported in the literature. The data reported here and those in the literature suggest that the average activation energy for Alloy 182 welds is on the order of 220-230 kJ/mol, higher than the 130 kJ/mol commonly used for Alloy 600. The consequences of using a larger value of activation energy for SCC CGR data analysis are discussed.

Alexandreanu, B.; Chopra, O. K.; Shack, W. J.

2008-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

87

Tier 2 Vintage Rate Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Tier 2 Rate Alternatives Tier 2 Rate Alternatives Load Growth Rate BPA commits to meet Load Following customers' load growth placed on BPA for the term of the commitment period...

88

Gas Phase Diagnosis of Disilane/Hydrogen RF Glow Discharge Plasma and Its Application to High Rate Growth of High Quality Amorphous Silicon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gas phase diagnosis of disilane/hydrogen plasma was carried out using mass spectrometry. At high growth rate (20 Å/s) conditions using pure disilane as a source gas, the partial pressure of disilane molecules measured by mass spectrometry was more than one order of magnitude higher than in the case when mono-silane was used as a source gas. The stability of amorphous silicon films prepared from disilane was improved by the hydrogen dilution technique, although the disilane partial pressure in this condition was much higher than in the case when mono-silane was used as a source gas for device quality films. The relation between the gas phase species and the stability of the resulting films is studied. It was found that increase in disilane related signal intensity do not decrease film stability directly.

Wataru Futako; Tomoko Takagi; Tomonori Nishimoto; Michio Kondo; Isamu Shimizu; Akihisa Matsuda

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Siting algae cultivation facilities for biofuel production in the United States: trade-offs between growth rate, site constructability, water availability, and infrastructure  

SciTech Connect

Locating sites for new algae cultivation facilities is a complex task. The climate must support high growth rates, and cultivation ponds require appropriate land and water resources as well as key utility and transportation infrastructure. We employ our spatiotemporal Biomass Assessment Tool (BAT) to select promising locations based on the open-pond cultivation of Arthrospira sp. and a strain of the order Desmidiales. 64,000 potential sites across the southern United States were evaluated. We progressively apply a range of screening criteria and track their impact on the number of selected sites, geographic location, and biomass productivity. Both strains demonstrate maximum productivity along the Gulf of Mexico coast, with the highest values on the Florida peninsula. In contrast, sites meeting all selection criteria for Arthrospira were located along the southern coast of Texas and for Desmidiales were located in Louisiana and southern Arkansas. Site selection was driven mainly by the lack of oil pipeline access in Florida and elevated groundwater salinity in southern Texas. The requirement for low salinity freshwater (<400 mg L-1) constrained Desmidiales locations; siting flexibility is greater for salt-tolerant species such as Arthrospira. Combined siting factors can result in significant departures from regions of maximum productivity but are within the expected range of site-specific process improvements.

Venteris, Erik R.; McBride, Robert; Coleman, Andre M.; Skaggs, Richard; Wigmosta, Mark S.

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

90

Subunit rotation in a single FoF1-ATP synthase in a living bacterium monitored by FRET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FoF1-ATP synthase is the ubiquitous membrane-bound enzyme in mitochondria, chloroplasts and bacteria which provides the 'chemical energy currency' adenosine triphosphate (ATP) for cellular processes. In Escherichia coli ATP synthesis is driven by a proton motive force (PMF) comprising a proton concentration difference {\\Delta}pH plus an electric potential {\\Delta}{\\Psi} across the lipid membrane. Single-molecule in vitro experiments have confirmed that proton-driven subunit rotation within FoF1-ATP synthase is associated with ATP synthesis. Based on intramolecular distance measurements by single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) the kinetics of subunit rotation and the step sizes of the different rotor parts have been unraveled. However, these experiments were accomplished in the presence of a PMF consisting of a maximum {\\Delta}pH ~ 4 and an unknown {\\Delta}{\\Psi}. In contrast, in living bacteria the maximum {\\Delta}pH across the plasma membrane is likely 0.75, and {\\Delta}{\\Psi} has bee...

Seyfert, Karin; Yaginuma, Hideyuki; Ernst, Stefan; Noji, Hiroyuki; Iino, Ryota; Boersch, Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Diffusion properties of single FoF1-ATP synthases in a living bacterium unraveled by localization microscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FoF1-ATP synthases in Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria are membrane-bound enzymes which use an internal proton-driven rotary double motor to catalyze the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). According to the 'chemiosmotic hypothesis', a series of proton pumps generate the necessary pH difference plus an electric potential across the bacterial plasma membrane. These proton pumps are redox-coupled membrane enzymes which are possibly organized in supercomplexes, as shown for the related enzymes in the mitochondrial inner membrane. We report diffusion measurements of single fluorescent FoF1-ATP synthases in living E. coli by localization microscopy and single enzyme tracking to distinguish a monomeric enzyme from a supercomplex-associated form in the bacterial membrane. For quantitative mean square displacement (MSD) analysis, the limited size of the observation area in the membrane with a significant membrane curvature had to be considered. The E. coli cells had a diameter of about 500 nm and a length o...

Renz, Marc; Boersch, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Direct Observation of Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic Modeling of the Size Distribution and Growth Rate. Direct Observation of Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic Modeling of the Size...

93

Cr2O3 scale growth rates on metallic interconnectors derived from 40,000 h solid oxide fuel cell stack operation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The ohmic resistance caused by Cr2O3 scale formation on metallic interconnects (MICs) can significantly contribute to the overall degradation of SOFC stacks. For this reason oxide scale growth on Cr5Fe1Y2O3 (CFY) and Fe22Cr0.5Mn (Crofer) was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) from post-test samples that were either exposed to air at 850 °C (furnace) or operated in Hexis planar SOFC-stacks under dual atmospheres (anode and cathode conditions) at temperatures around 900 °C. The study includes unique test results from a stack operated for 40,000 h. To analyze inhomogeneity in scale thicknesses a dedicated statistical image analysis method has been applied. SEM images were used to compare the structural phenomena related to MIC oxidation at different sample locations. The observed differences between different sample locations may relate to locally different conditions (temperature, pO2, H2O/O2-ratio). Cr2O3 scale growth on the anode side is found to be approximately twice as fast in comparison to the scale growth on cathode side. Finally, based on our time lapse analyses with extensive sampling it can be concluded that reliable predictions of scale growth requires statistical analyses over a period that covers at least a quarter (10,000 h) of the required SOFC stack lifetime (40,000 h).

Markus Linder; Thomas Hocker; Lorenz Holzer; K. Andreas Friedrich; Boris Iwanschitz; Andreas Mai; J. Andreas Schuler

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

First Principles Simulations fo the Supercritical Behavior of Ore Forming Fluids  

SciTech Connect

Abstract of Selected Research Progress: I. First-principles simulation of solvation structure and deprotonation reactions of ore forming metal ions in very nonideal solutions: Advances in algorithms and computational performance achieved in this grant period have allowed the atomic level dynamical simulation of complex nanoscale materials using interparticle forces calculated directly from an accurate density functional solution to the electronic Schr���������������¶dinger equation (ab-initio molecular dynamics, AIMD). Focus of this program was on the prediction and analysis of the properties of environmentally important ions in aqueous solutions. AIMD methods have provided chemical interpretations of these very complex systems with an unprecedented level of accuracy and detail. The structure of the solvation region neighboring a highly charged metal ion (e.g., 3+) in an aqueous solution is very different from that of bulk water. The many-body behaviors (polarization, charge transfer, etc.) of the ion-water and water-water interactions in this region are difficult to capture with conventional empirical potentials. However, a large numbers of waters (up to 128 waters) are required to fully describe chemical events in the extended hydrations shells and long simulation times are needed to reliably sample the system. Taken together this makes simulation at the 1st principles level a very large computational problem. Our AIMD simulation results using these methods agree with the measured octahedral structure of the 1st solvation shell of Al3+ at the 1st shell boundary and a calculated radius of 1.937���������������� (exp. 1.9����������������). Our calculated average 2nd shell radius agrees remarkably well with the measured radius, 4.093 ���������������� calculated vs. the measured value of 4.0-4.15 ����������������. Less can be experimentally determined about the structure of the 2nd shell. Our simulations show that this shell contains roughly 12 water molecules, which are trigonally coordinated to the 1st shell waters. This structure cannot be measured directly. However, the number of 2nd shell water molecules predicted by the simulation is consistent with experimental estimates. Tetrahedral bulk water coordination reappears just after the 2nd shell. Simulations with 128 waters are close to the maximum size that can effectively be performed with present day methods. While the time scale of our simulation are not long enough to observe transfers of waters from the 1st to the 2nd shell, we do see transfers occurring on a picosecond time scale between the 2nd shell and 3rd shell via an associative mechanism. This is faster than, but consistent with, the results of measurements on the more tightly bound Cr3+ system. For high temperature simulations, proton transfers occur in the solvation shells leading to transient hydrolysis species. The reaction coordinate for proton transfer involves the coordinates of neighboring solvent waters as in the Grotis mechanism for proton transfer in bulk water. Directly removing a proton from the hexaqua Al3+ ion leads to a much more labile solvation shell and to a five coordinated Al3+ ion. This is consistent with very recent rate measurements of ligand exchange and the conjugate base labilization effect. For the Al3+-H2O system results for high but subcritical temperatures are qualitatively similar to room temperature simulations. However, preliminary simulations for supercritical temperatures (750K) suggest that there may be a dramatic change in be

Weare, John H

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

95

detonation rate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

detonation rate, detonation velocity, velocity of detonation, V.O.D., detonating velocity, rate of detonation, detonating rate ? Detonationsgeschwindigkeit f

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Granular flow through an aperture: Pressure and flow rate are independent. M. A. Aguirre1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REV IEW CO PY N O T FO R D ISTRIBU TIO N Granular flow through an aperture: Pressure and flow rate in the Physics and Mechanics of Fluids). 3 Instituto de F´isica de L´iquidos y Sistemas Biol´ogicos (UNLP, A. Calvo has passed away during the preparation stages of this article. We simultaneously measure

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

97

Rate Schedules  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

One of the major responsibilities of Southeastern is to design, formulate, and justify rate schedules. Repayment studies prepared by the agency determine revenue requirements and appropriate rate...

98

Rate of Growth of Fungus Rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... MR. O. G. S. CRAWFORD'S letter in NATURE of December 26, page 938, concerning the age of fairy rings, seems to warrant a letter ...

J. RAMSBOTTOM

1926-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

99

Ultraslow growth rates of giant gypsum crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...gypsum crystals of Naica ore mines in Chihuahua, Mexico, a challenging subject in mineral...gypsum crystals of Naica ore mines in Chihuahua, Mexico, a challenging subject...gypsum crystals of Naica ore mines in Chihuahua, Mexico, a challenging subject...

A. E. S. Van Driessche; J. M. García-Ruíz; K. Tsukamoto; L. D. Patiño-Lopez; H. Satoh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Growth Rates of Sulfolobus acidocaldarius in Nature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...sulfur- rich, acidic, geothermal habitats. In previous...low volatility, low cost, availability in large...elemental sulfur as the sole energy source, which varied...contract from the Atomic Energy Commission (COO-2151-17...origin of sulfuric acid in geothermal habitats. Science 179...

J. L. Mosser; B. B. Bohlool; T. D. Brock

1974-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

ARM - Lesson Plans: Rate of Coral Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

need the following: Graph paper Pen Ruler Important Points to Understand If the greenhouse effect occurs, its effects will be global, both on land and in the sea. The information...

102

Growth Rates, Stable Oxygen Isotopes (18O), and Strontium (Sr/Ca) Composition in Two Species of Pacific Sclerosponges (Acanthocheatetes wellsi and Astrosclera willeyana) with 18O Calibration and Application to Paleoceanography  

SciTech Connect

The isotopic and elemental composition of sclerosponge skeletons is used to reconstruct paleoceanographic records. Yet few studies have systematically examined the natural variability in sclerosponge skeletal {delta}{sup 18}O, growth, and Sr/Ca, and how that may influence the interpretation of sclerosponge proxy records. Here, we analyzed short records in seven specimens of Acanthocheatetes wellsi (high-Mg calcite, 21 mol% Mg) from Palau, four A. wellsi (high-Mg calcite, 21 mol% Mg) from Saipan, and three Astrosclera willeyana (aragonite) sclerosponges from Saipan, as well as one long record in an A. wellsi specimen from Palau spanning 1945-2001.5. In Saipan, species-specific and mineralogical effects appear to have a negligible effect on sclerosponge {delta}{sup 18}O, facilitating the direct comparison of {delta}{sup 18}O records between species at a given location. At both sites, A. wellsi {delta}{sup 18}O and growth rates were sensitive to environmental conditions, but Sr/Ca was not sensitive to the same conditions. High-resolution {delta}{sup 18}O analyses confirmed this finding as both A. wellsi and A. willeyana deposited their skeleton in accordance with the trends in isotopic equilibrium with seawater, though with a 0.27{per_thousand} offset in the case of A. willeyana. In the high-Mg-calcite species A. wellsi, Mg may be interfering with Sr incorporation into the skeleton. On multidecadal timescales, A. wellsi sclerosponge {delta}{sup 18}O in Palau tracked the Southern Oscillation Index variability post-1977, but not pre-1977, coincident with the switch in the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) at {approx}1976. This suggests that water mass circulation in the region is influenced by El Nino-Southern Oscillation variability during positive PDO phases, but not during negative ones.

Grottoli, A.; Adkins, J; Panero, W; Reaman, D; Moots, K

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Rates - WAPA-137 Rate Order  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WAPA-137 Rate Order WAPA-137 Rate Order 2009 CRSP Management Center Customer Rates Second Step Presentation from the June 25, 2009, Customer Meeting Handout Materials from the June 25, 2009, Customer Meeting Customer Comment Letters ATEA CREDA Farmington ITCA AMPUA Rate Adjustment Information The second step of WAPA-137 SLCA/IP Firm Power, CRSP Transmission and Ancillary Services rate adjustment. FERC Approval of Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Notice Of Filing for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Published Final FRN for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Letter to Customers regarding the published Notice of Extension of Public Process for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Published Extension of Public Process for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 FRN Follow-up Public Information and Comment Forum Flier WAPA-137 Customer Meetings and Rate Adjustment Schedule

104

Angle-differential and momentum-transfer cross sections for e-+Rb, Cs, and Fr collisions at low energies: 3Fo shape resonances in Rb-, Cs-, and Fr- ions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on the relativistic Dirac R-matrix method, we calculate angle-dependent and momentum-transfer cross sections for electron scattering by Rb, Cs, and Fr atoms at impact energies below 3 eV. Our results for momentum transfer for e-+Rb and Cs collisions are compared with available data from swarm experiments. We find clear evidence for a Cs-(3Fo) shape resonance at 1.528 eV, in excellent agreement with angle-dependent electron-scattering measurements. We analyze and compare the 3Fo shape resonance in e-+Rb, Cs, and Fr elastic collisions.

C. Bahrim and U. Thumm

2001-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

105

Rate schedule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Firm Power Service Provided by Rate/Charges Firm Power Service Provided by Rate/Charges Rate/Charges Effective Through (or until superceded) Firm Sales (SLIP-F9) Composite Rate SLIP 29.62 mills/kWh 9/30/2015 Demand Charge SLIP $5.18/kW-month 9/30/2015 Energy Charge SLIP 12.19 mills/kWh 9/30/2015 Cost Recovery Charge (CRC) SLIP 0 mills/kWh 9/30/2015 Transmission Service Provided by Current Rates effective10/12 - 9/15 (or until superceded) Rate Schedule Effective Through Firm Point-to-Point Transmission (SP-PTP7) CRSP $1.14 per kW-month $13.69/kW-year $0.00156/kW-hour $0.04/kW-day $0.26/kW-week 10/1/2008-9/30/2015 Network Integration Transmission (SP-NW3) CRSP see rate schedule 10/1/2008-9/30/2015 Non-Firm Point-to-Point Transmission (SP-NFT6) CRSP see rate schedule 10/1/2008-9/30/2015 Ancillary Services Provided by Rate Rate Schedule

106

Size structuring of planktonic communities : biological rates and ecosystem dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bight and central equatorial Pacific show increasing growth rates with size, while those cells measured in the Somali Basin,

Taniguchi, Darcy Anne Akiko

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

STATEM!NT''OF CONSIDEAAT10NS REQUEST n:~!:)lHi/",!!,'fCORPORArIQN FO~ ANADVANClWA1VER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STATEM!NT''OF CONSIDEAAT10NS STATEM!NT''OF CONSIDEAAT10NS REQUEST n:~!:)lHi/",!!,'fCORPORArIQN FO~ ANADVANClWA1VER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN DOE PROPOSAL NO.OE-EE0000412 W(A} 2009-:060 The OhlipC1'!ve of this project Is the and comt'nercialization of a two-phase soluttofrfQf USe with The 1 lM,C'l_""""P H'tn(;lPI'" PJJ1'l.nn""". refrig1':'rant tooling solution provides certain improvements compared to conventional air-<:ooling syslems and water-cooling systems, The totalantfetpated cost the is $901,678 with the Petitl(};l)er approximately 19.% cost sm:tre, $262,191. Thiswaive(is contingent upo.n the Petitioner rrH~intaining the foregoing cost over tneCQUfse the grant As in its wai'\l\;f petition, the ~etitfoner isa leading global supplier of air conditioning and

108

Growth & Development / Parental Care  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

participate; if one parents is lost, fledging rates usually drop #12;Winkler reduced clutch size from 5 to 3Growth & Development / Parental Care #12;Embryonic Development Although the sequence of 42 stages the egg The hatching muscle helps the chick break out of the egg Parents typically dispose of the egg

Butler, Christopher J.

109

E-Print Network 3.0 - assisted crack growth Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cal crack growth by stress... for the first time in sapphire for both modes of subcritical cracking. It was found that growth rates were... growth rates could be closely...

110

Energy for the future with Ris from nuclear power to sustainable energy Ris NatioNal laboRatoRy foR sustaiNable eNeRgy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy for the future ­ with Risø from nuclear power to sustainable energy Risø NatioNal laboRatoRy foR sustaiNable eNeRgy edited by MoRteN JastRup #12;Energy for the future #12;Energy for the future ­ with Risø from nuclear power to sustainable energy Translated from 'Energi til fremtiden ­ med Risø fra

111

3.0 GROWTH FACILITY SPACE REQUESTS Prospective users of the greenhouses or growth chambers are encouraged to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for greenhouse and growth chamber specifications, including space, lighting and fees. Greenhouse and Growth Chamber Space Inventory Greenhouse and Growth Chamber Lighting Inventory #12;Hourly Rate Service Charges3.0 GROWTH FACILITY SPACE REQUESTS Prospective users of the greenhouses or growth chambers

Pawlowski, Wojtek

112

ARM - Measurement - Hygroscopic growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsHygroscopic growth govMeasurementsHygroscopic growth ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Hygroscopic growth The rate that aerosol particles grow at relative humidity values less than 100 percent. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System SMPS : Scanning mobility particle sizer TDMA : Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer Field Campaign Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System

113

BIOTIC INFLUENCES AFFECTING POPULATION GROWTH OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Chlorella and Nitz8chia _ Growth curve and division rate of Chlorella _ Growth curve and division rate in conditioned media _ Inhibitory effect o~ Chlorella of Nitz8chia-conditioned medium _ Inhibitory effect on Nitz8chia of Chlorella-condit,ioned medium _ Inhibitory effects of filtrate from conditioned media

114

EXPLAINING OUTCROSSING RATE IN CAMPANULASTRUM AMERICANUM (CAMPANULACEAE): GEITONOGAMY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SELF-INCOMPATIBILITY Leah J. Kruszewski and Laura F. Galloway1 Department of Biology, University, the high outcrossing rate could result from cryptic self-incompatibility, a mechanism that favors outcross differential growth rates of self and outcross pollen tubes produce cryptic self-incompatibility. Growth rates

Galloway, Laura F.

115

Rates & Repayment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental Review-NEPA Financial Data Operations Planning & Projects Power Marketing Rates Rate Adjustments Transmission Ancillary Services Rates WAPA-137 Rate Order Environmental Review-NEPA Financial Data Operations Planning & Projects Power Marketing Rates Rate Adjustments Transmission Ancillary Services Rates WAPA-137 Rate Order Rates and Repayment Services Rates Current and Historical Rate Information Collbran Power Rates CRSP Power Rates CRSP Transmission System Rates CRSP Management Center interest rates Falcon-Amistad Power Rates Provo River Power Rates Rio Grande Power Rates Seedskadee Power Rates SLCA/IP Power Rates Rate Schedules & Supplemental Rate Information Current Rates for Firm Power, Firm & Non-firm Transmission Service, & Ancillary Services Current Transmission & Ancillary Services Rates Tariffs Components of the SLCA/IP Existing Firm Power Rate Cost Recovery Charge (CRC) Page MOA Concerning the Upper Colorado River Basin

116

Growth, innovation, scaling, and the pace of life in cities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...characterized by energy consumption rates, growth rates...determine the rates at which energy is delivered to...refers to total energy consumed in households...Shannon Larsen. · Fuel sales by gasoline...put forward by Florida (2), "supercreative...

Luís M. A. Bettencourt; José Lobo; Dirk Helbing; Christian Kühnert; Geoffrey B. West

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Internet growth: Myth and reality, use and abuse Andrew Odlyzko  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internet growth: Myth and reality, use and abuse Andrew Odlyzko AT&T Labs ­ Research amo@research.att.com http://www.research.att.com/¸amo Abstract Actual Internet traffic growth rates of 100 percent per year to Internet growth claim astronomical rates of increase; the usual phrase is that ``Internet traffic

Odlyzko, Andrew M.

118

Internet growth: Myth and reality, use and abuse Andrew Odlyzko  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internet growth: Myth and reality, use and abuse Andrew Odlyzko AT&T Labs - Research amo@research.att.com http://www.research.att.com/ amo Abstract Actual Internet traffic growth rates of 100 percent per year to Internet growth claim astronomical rates of increase; the usual phrase is that "Internet traffic

Odlyzko, Andrew M.

119

Population Growth, (Per Capita) Economic Growth, and Poverty Reduction in Uganda: A brief Summary of Theory and Evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Population Growth, (Per Capita) Economic Growth, and Poverty Reduction in Uganda: A brief Summary: This note examines the link between population and per capita economic growth in Uganda. After showing that Uganda has one of the highest population growth rates in the world which, due to the inherent demographic

Krivobokova, Tatyana

120

Molar Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molar Growth Molar Growth Name: Daniel Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What animals have molars that grow continuously ? Replies: No mammals that I or my colleagues are aware of, only some few whose incisors grow continuously. J. Elliott Most vertebrates are "polyphyodonts" meaning that they replace teeth continuously through out their lives. All the teeth aren't replaced at once, but in waves so that the animals always have functional teeth around those that are lost. Most mammals are "diphyodonts", which means that they have only 2 sets of teeth: baby teeth and adult teeth. The teeth of herbivore mammals, those which eat grasses, seem to grow throughout their lives. But really, the teeth are very long and extend far down into the jaws. They gradually move up in the jaw toward the surface over time, with the area beneath them filling in with bone.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Transatlantic Growth Differentials, ICT Dynamics, Fiscal Policy and Innovation Policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The United States (US) recorded in the period 1991–2000 a formidable growth rate of about 3% p.a. where a considerable impulse for high and sustained growth stems from high investment in information and commun...

Professor Dr. Paul J. J. Welfens

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Economic Growth Policies & Economic Growth Theory Influences.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The aim of this thesis is to describe the presence of theories for economic growth in municipalities’ economic growth strategies, and to compare the… (more)

Hallden, Sophie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Public Capital, Growth and Welfare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and sanitation--increase in enrolment rates (especially for girls, rural areas). 2. Electricity reason: improved access benefits the poor more than proportionally; if inequality is bad for growth (e be internalized. #12;18 Policy Implications #12; 1. Investment spending is a poor proxy for the accumulation

124

Eyeball Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Eyeball Growth Eyeball Growth Name: Jade Hawk Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Okay, I know I'm supposed to be able to answer questions here, but a friend who teaches grades 7 & 8 general science wants to know if the human eyeball is fully grown at birth. I checked my references, which are rather limited when it comes to human physiology, and found nothing. Can anyone help? Replies: The eye will still develop in size, pigmentation, and neurologically but I don't have the details here at hand. A kitten is born with eyes even more immature than human babies. Besides having sealed eyes that take about a week to open, they have retinas that a avascularized and need to undergo neovascularization to properly nourish and oxygenate the tissue. We have used the kitten to study retinopathy of prematurity, a condition caused in part by increased inspired oxygen. The kitten is also used in the study of diabetic retinopathy which a I think is the leading cause of blindness in the US. Look up publications by Dale Phelps, MD.

125

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #278: July 28, 2003 Annual VMT Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: July 28, 2003 8: July 28, 2003 Annual VMT Growth Rates to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #278: July 28, 2003 Annual VMT Growth Rates on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #278: July 28, 2003 Annual VMT Growth Rates on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #278: July 28, 2003 Annual VMT Growth Rates on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #278: July 28, 2003 Annual VMT Growth Rates on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #278: July 28, 2003 Annual VMT Growth Rates on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #278: July 28, 2003 Annual VMT Growth Rates on AddThis.com... Fact #278: July 28, 2003 Annual VMT Growth Rates Vehicle miles of travel (VMT) of highway vehicles in 2001 was 2.5 times

126

Growth of Betti Numbers Bryan Clair  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growth of Betti Numbers Bryan Clair _____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction Let X = fX= be a finite simplicial complex. We study the growth rate of the Betti numbers of X. It is easy to see that the sequence of Betti numbers {bq(Xi)} can grow at most linearly

Clair, Bryan

127

Graphene Layer Growth: Collision of Migrating Five-Member Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monte Carlo simulations of graphene edge buildup, the rateGraphene layer growth: Collision of migrating five- memberon the zigzag edge of a graphene layer. The process is

Whitesides, Russell; Kollias, Alexander C.; Domin, Dominik; Lester Jr., William A.; Frenklach, Michael

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Chlorite Dissolution Rates  

SciTech Connect

Spreadsheets provides measured chlorite rate data from 100 to 300C at elevated CO2. Spreadsheet includes derived rate equation.

Carroll, Susan

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Chlorite Dissolution Rates  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Spreadsheets provides measured chlorite rate data from 100 to 300C at elevated CO2. Spreadsheet includes derived rate equation.

Carroll, Susan

130

Power Rate Cases (pbl/rates)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Choices (2003-06) Power Function Review (PFR) Firstgov Power Rate Cases BPA's wholesale power rates are set to recover its costs and repay the U.S. Treasury for the Federal...

131

Growth rate of the major phylogenetic bacterial groups in the ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: The phylogenetic composition of bacterial communities varies along the salinity gradient of estuaries, one notable pattern being the prevalence of ...

132

Some factors influencing digestion and growth rates of beef steers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

~K 20i49 34. 78 '2221 20+49 26. 81 mgs 20i49 26, 81 19i92 66i51 KlI 19a92 ~38. 7 21i10 ~0+9 Oi93 Oe93 0. 93 0, 90 8. 5T 98 e9 0 94 8. 63 98. 9 Oi94 Oi94 5. 23 li03 7. 49 4 01 KGF 1 i03 4il2 li22 lg ilHSUL')S kg... of the steers under the ccnditicns cf this oxparincnt? Dttssttss trials Tho results of tbo digestion tria1s aro a~ed in Table 5. Ths addition of cny supple+mt to tbo basal ration u ed throughout tlaso studies very signifioantIy (p (0. 01) inprcved ths...

Gossett, John Warren

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

133

Lasalocid effects on growth rates of grazing heifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of five treatments and individually fed 454 g/hd/d of a ground sorghum grain carrier containing lasalocid at levels of: (1) 0, (2) 50, (3) 100, (4) 200 ot' (5) 300 mg/hd/d. ADC (kg) for the five treatments wes (1) '. 53, (2) . 61, (3) . 59, (4) . 58... AVERAGE SUPPLEMENT INTAKE PER HEIFER (KG/HD/D). 2 LASALOCID EFFECTS ON INTAKE AND WEIGHT GAIN OF GRAZING HEIFERS ~ ~. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3 INTAKE LEVEL AND PERFORMANCE BY TREATMENT ~ 14 4 LASALOCID EFFECTS ON AVERAGE...

May, Ray Alton

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

134

Ribosome recycling induces optimal translation rate at low ribosomal availability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...important consequences for the physics of transport of ribosomes...on protein production rates under differing growth...production, fine-tuning the rate of production in the face...suggests that ribosomes can pass directly from termination...the protein production rate and ribosome density on...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Use of Coupled Rate Equations To Describe Nucleation-and-Branching Rate-Limited Solid-State Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Use of Coupled Rate Equations To Describe Nucleation-and-Branching Rate-Limited Solid-State Processes ... Coincident with nuclei growth may be the process of nuclei multiplication or “branching”. ... We consider that nucleation and branching may be considered as two interrelated yet distinct steps (often rate determining) in a series of steps required to achieve a conversion. ...

Peter J. Skrdla

2004-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

136

Florida Growth Fund (Florida)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Florida Growth Fund can provide investments in technology and growth-related companies through co-investments with other institutional investors. The Fund awards preference to companies...

137

Association of automobile passenger transportation and economic growth in Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) (Nember) January 1969 ABSTRACT Association cf Automobile Passenger Transportation and Economic Growth in Japan. (January 1969) Teruhiko Boric, B. A. , &faseda University Directed by: Dr. ~felvin L. Greenhut In order to evaluate the growth... of Japanese post-war passenger transportation, a comparative study of the U. S. passenger transporta- ti. on development between 1910 and 1940 has been made. The growth rate of automobile ownership prior to the Great Depression is larger than the rate...

Horie, Teruhiko

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

rates | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

rates rates Dataset Summary Description This dataset, compiled by NREL and Ventyx, provides average residential, commercial and industrial electricity rates by zip code for both investor owned utilities (IOU) and non-investor owned utilities. Note: the file includes average rates for each utility, but not the detailed rate structure data found in the database available via the zip-code look-up feature on the OpenEI Utilities page (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway:Utilities). The data was released by NREL/Ventyx in February 2011. Source NREL and Ventyx Date Released February 24th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords electric rates rates US utilities Data text/csv icon IOU rates by zipcode (csv, 1.7 MiB) text/csv icon Non-IOU rates by zipcode (csv, 2.1 MiB)

139

Historical Interest Rates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Current and Historical Interest Rates Current and Historical Interest Rates The table lists interest rates, from the project's inception through the present, for all projects with repayment supervised by the CRSP MC. The latest available interest rate is used for all future interest rate calculations. The Amistad-Falcon, Collbran, Provo River, and Rio Grande Projects are all assigned the average daily "Yield Rate" calculated by the U.S. Treasury, on an annual basis, for Treasury bonds having terms of 15 years or more remaining to maturity. The calculated yield rate is rounded to the nearest one-eighth of one percent. The yield rate is based upon the bond's interest rate, as well as its market value. The Colorado River Storage Project and its participating projects, Dolores and Seedskadee, are assigned the average daily "Coupon Rate," annualized for the same U.S. Treasury bonds used in "Yield Rate" calculations. The coupon rate is the interest rate that the bond carries upon its face.

140

Cost Analysis Rate Settin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost Analysis and Rate Settin for Animal Research Facilities #12;#12;Cost Analysis and Rate ... .. . ...................... . . . ................................. . .... 7 Chapter 2 Preparation for Cost Analysis ......................................................... 9 Chapter 3 Assignment of Costs to Animal Research Facility Cost Centers

Baker, Chris I.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Chemical-equilibrium model of optimal a-Si:H growth from SiH4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model of optimal hydrogenated-amorphous-silicon growth based on bulk chemical reactions involving Si-Si and Si-H bonds is proposed. The optimal growth temperature is determined by the balance between the rate of hydrogen diffusion and the rate of film growth.

K. Winer

1990-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

Dynamics of growth roughening and smoothening on Ge (001)  

SciTech Connect

We present reflection high-energy electron diffraction measurements of the evolution of surface morphology during molecular beam epitaxy of Ge on Ge (001) and subsequent annealing. We find that there is a critical ''growth roughening'' temperature (375 C) above which a smooth surface remains smooth during growth, but below which it roughens during growth. Surprisingly, smooth starting surfaces never appear to roughen without bound, but reach steady-state roughnesses which depend on temperature and deposition rate. The results can be fit empirically with simple phenomenological equations based on a competition between growth roughening and growth smoothening of a ''pseudo-statistical'' surface. Furthermore, growth-roughened surfaces tend to smoothen, after growth, at a rate consistent with an Ostwald-like ripening mechanism. 4 figs.

Chason, E.; Tsao, J.Y.; Horn, K.M.; Picraux, S.T.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Growth factor parametrization and modified gravity  

SciTech Connect

The growth rate of matter perturbation and the expansion rate of the Universe can be used to distinguish modified gravity and dark energy models in explaining the cosmic acceleration. The growth rate is parametrized by the growth index {gamma}. We discuss the dependence of {gamma} on the matter energy density {omega} and its current value {omega}{sub 0} for a more accurate approximation of the growth factor. The observational data, including the data of the growth rate, are used to fit different models. The data strongly disfavor the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati model. For the dark energy model with a constant equation of state, we find that {omega}{sub 0}=0.27{+-}0.02 and w=-0.97{+-}0.09. For the {lambda}CDM model, we find that {gamma}=0.64{sub -0.15}{sup +0.17}. For the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati model, we find that {gamma}=0.55{sub -0.13}{sup +0.14}.

Gong Yungui [College of Mathematics and Physics, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing 400065 (China)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

144

The influence of nitrogen rate and source on plant and soil properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, P h .D . in Soil Chem istry A&M C o lleg e o f Texas D ire c ted by : D r s . A . G. Caldwell and J. B . Page A f ie ld study on the ro le o f rate o f application and s ou r ce o f f e r ? t i l ize r n itrogen on the production... and quality o f fo ra g e by C oasta l B e r - mudagrass was initiated in 1954 and continued through 1958. Vegetative production (1956-58) was in c rea sed and highly s ign i? f icantly c o r r e la ted with leve l of nitrogen applied to the so i...

Fisher, Flake Leroy

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

145

Operational Effectiveness in Use fo BAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

play a role. Regardless of cause, our largest, most complex buildings are run by a combination of machine (BAS) and human operator. Whether this is a good thing or bad can be ? and has been ? debated.2 One has to wonder whether.... The Excel-based Energy Charting and Measurement (ECAM) tool is used for this purpose. A sample time- series graph is shown in Figure 2 taken from the BRT training resources. ECAM-based plots emphasize time-series representations but also include scatter...

Bobker, M.; Joseph, M.; Ascazubi, M.; Brown, T.; Thorpe, K.; Essman, J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

FO Bridge Monitoring Activities in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, various types of optical fiber sensors developed for SHM of civil infrastructures are briefly introduced. More than 10 practical bridge monitoring systems are presented....

Ou, Jinping

147

ternational Centre fo vernance and Developm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The combination of uranium mining, diamond exploration and the possibility of a major oil sands project have North The provincial North is crucial to Saskatchewan's economic future. Thevastmajorityoftheprovince'sfutureenergyresources--uranium

Peak, Derek

148

diante la fo rcula de l  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a hora de orar su em a y Renov o. olicitados no de est n conjunto HELP 2 2013 está ación de la a el 50 de ayudas disponib 8. La reso 9. Las dec recurso 10.Los be importe del inic derecho benefici aprovec

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

149

About the Ratings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2008 Ratings Changes 2008 Ratings Changes EPA's "New" Fuel Economy Ratings Video about EPA's New Fuel Economy Ratings Windows Media Video (6.8 MB) Quicktime Video (7.8 MB) Text Version EPA changed the way it estimates fuel economy starting with the 2008 model year. This "new" way of estimating fuel economy supplements the previous method by incorporating the effects of Faster speeds and acceleration Air conditioner use Colder outside temperatures What else do I need to know about the "new" ratings? The tests lower MPG estimates for most vehicles. View old/new MPG ratings for a specific vehicle The actual mileage you get will still vary based on your driving habits, traffic conditions, and other factors. All MPG estimates in Find-a-Car have been converted to the new

150

Effective Rate Period  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fiscal Year 2014 Fiscal Year 2014 Effective Rate Period As of Beginning of the FY 10/01/2013 - 09/30/2014 Mid-Year Changes (if applicable) 10/01/2013 - 09/30/2014 Power Rates Annual Revenue Requirement Rate Schedule Power Revenue Requirement $73,441,557 CV-F13 Base Resource Revenue Requirement $69,585,875 First Preference Revenue Requirement $3,855,682

151

LCC Guidance Rates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Notepad text file provides the LCC guidance rates in a numbered format for the various regions throughout the U.S.

152

Draft Tiered Rate Methodology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

year's weather and other specific factors are removed from the loads of irrigated agriculture. ( ) "Irrigation Rate Mitigation" means the form of a discount by BPA to...

153

Heart Rate Artifact Suppression.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Motion artifact strongly corrupts heart rate measurements in current pulse oximetry systems. In many, almost any motion will greatly diminish the system’s ability to extract… (more)

Dickson, Christopher

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Residential Solar Valuation Rates  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Residential Solar Valuation Rates Karl R. Rbago Rbago Energy LLC 1 The Ideal Residential Solar Tariff Fair to the utility and non-solar customers Fair compensation to...

155

Solidification at the High and Low Rate Extreme  

SciTech Connect

The microstructures formed upon solidification are strongly influenced by the imposed growth rates on an alloy system. Depending on the characteristics of the solidification process, a wide range of growth rates is accessible. The prevailing solidification mechanisms, and thus the final microstructure of the alloy, are governed by these imposed growth rates. At the high rate extreme, for instance, one can have access to novel microstructures that are unattainable at low growth rates. While the low growth rates can be utilized for the study of the intrinsic growth behavior of a certain phase growing from the melt. Although the length scales associated with certain processes, such as capillarity, and the diffusion of heat and solute, are different at low and high rate extremes, the phenomena that govern the selection of a certain microstructural length scale or a growth mode are the same. Consequently, one can analyze the solidification phenomena at both high and low rates by using the same governing principles. In this study, we examined the microstructural control at both low and high extremes. For the high rate extreme, the formation of crystalline products and factors that control the microstructure during rapid solidification by free-jet melt spinning are examined in Fe-Si-B system. Particular attention was given to the behavior of the melt pool at different quench-wheel speeds. Since the solidification process takes place within the melt-pool that forms on the rotating quench-wheel, we examined the influence of melt-pool dynamics on nucleation and growth of crystalline solidification products and glass formation. High-speed imaging of the melt-pool, analysis of ribbon microstructure, and measurement of ribbon geometry and surface character all indicate upper and lower limits for melt-spinning rates for which nucleation can be avoided, and fully amorphous ribbons can be achieved. Comparison of the relevant time scales reveals that surface-controlled melt-pool oscillation may be the dominant factor governing the onset of unsteady thermal conditions accompanied by varying amounts of crystalline nucleation observed near the lower limit. At high quench-wheel velocities, the influence of these oscillations is minimal due to very short melt-pool residence times. However, microstructural evidence suggests that the entrapment of gas pockets at the wheel-metal interface plays a critical role in establishing the upper rate limit. An observed transition in wheel-side surface character with increasing melt-spinning rate supports this conclusion.

Halim Meco

2004-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

156

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... ACS MEMBER RATES "Situations Wanted" advertisements will be classified by the chemical held designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

2000-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

157

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... ACS MEMBER RATES "Situations Wanted" advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

1997-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

158

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #469: May 14, 2007 Growth in Per Capita  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

69: May 14, 2007 69: May 14, 2007 Growth in Per Capita Rates for Vehicles and Vehicle-Miles to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #469: May 14, 2007 Growth in Per Capita Rates for Vehicles and Vehicle-Miles on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #469: May 14, 2007 Growth in Per Capita Rates for Vehicles and Vehicle-Miles on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #469: May 14, 2007 Growth in Per Capita Rates for Vehicles and Vehicle-Miles on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #469: May 14, 2007 Growth in Per Capita Rates for Vehicles and Vehicle-Miles on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #469: May 14, 2007 Growth in Per Capita Rates for Vehicles and Vehicle-Miles on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #469:

159

Dynamics of growth roughening and smoothening on Ge (001)  

SciTech Connect

We present reflection high-energy electron diffraction measurements of the evolution of surface morphology during molecular-beam epitaxy of Ge on Ge(001) and subsequent annealing. We find that there is a critical ''kinetic roughening'' temperature (375 /sup 0/C) above which a smooth surface remains smooth during growth, but below which it roughens during growth. Surprisingly, smooth starting surfaces never appear to roughen without bound, but reach steady-state roughnesses which depend on temperature and deposition rate. The results can be fit empirically with simple phenomenological equations based on a competition between growth roughening and growth smoothening of a ''pseudo-statistical'' surface. Furthermore, growth-roughened surfaces tend to smoothen, after growth, at a rate consistent with a third-order power-law ripening mechanism.

Chason, E.; Tsao, J.Y.; Horn, K.M.; Picraux, S.T.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Growth Versus Government Management Improvement During  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, we find that the growth rate of GDP per capita, g, decreases with p, and increases with DGCI. Further 33% of govern- ment employees has increased its GDP per capita by approximately 4% (corrected and Thermal Energy Science, School of Physical Science and Engineering, Tongji University, 200092, Shanghai

Podobnik, Boris

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

2007-2009 Power Rate Adjustments (pbl/rates)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Function Review (PFR) Firstgov FY 2007 2009 Power Rate Adjustments BPA's 2007-2009 Wholesale Power Rate Schedules and General Rate Schedule Provisions (GRSPs) took effect on...

162

Release of extracellular ATP by bacteria during growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

virulence locus by an ATP-sensing leader messenger RNA.between growth rate and ATP concentration in Escherichiafor available cellular ATP. J Biol Chem 2004, 279(9):8262–

Mempin, Roberto; Tran, Helen; Chen, Connie; Gong, Hao; Kim Ho, Katharina; Lu, Sangwei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Fluctuation growth and spinodal decomposition in heavy ion reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The liquid/vapor phase diagram of a Hamiltonian-based model for nuclear dynamics (Quasiparticle dynamics) is determined. Finite size effects in the coexistence region and the time scale for fluctuation growth associated with spinodal decomposition are quantitatively investigated. For finite nuclei, no direct link is found between the phase diagram and either the rate of fluctuation growth or its density dependence.

David H. Boal and James N. Glosli

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

GROWTH OF BETTI NUMBERS BRYAN CLAIR AND KEVIN WHYTE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GROWTH OF BETTI NUMBERS BRYAN CLAIR AND KEVIN WHYTE Introduction Let X = eX= be a finite simplicial complex. We study the growth rate of the Betti numbers coverings of X. It is easy to see that the sequence* * of Betti numbers {bq(Xi)} can grow at most

Whyte, Kevin

165

OpenEI - rates  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U.S. Electric Utility U.S. Electric Utility Companies and Rates: Look-up by Zipcode (Feb 2011) http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/899 This dataset, compiled by NREL and Ventyx, provides average residential, commercial and industrial electricity rates by zip code for both investor owned utilities (IOU) and non-investor owned utilities. Note: the file includes average rates for each utility, but not the detailed rate structure data found in the database available via the zip-code look-up feature on the OpenEI Utilities page (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway:Utilities). The data was released by NREL/Ventyx in February 2011.

166

Water Rate Escalations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Federal agencies need accurate water cost escalation rates to perform life cycle cost analyses for water efficiency projects to meet Executive Order 13514 and Energy Independence and Security Act...

167

Before a Rate Case  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is made up of two processes. The first part of the IBR is the Integrated Program Review (IPR), which will address proposed program costs prior to their inclusion in a rate case,...

168

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted "advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202. ...

2002-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

169

Tiered Rate Methodology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rate Period limit. This 23 exception is limited for the duration of this TRM to the first ten requesting utilities that 24 BP-12-A-03 Section 4 Page 46 meet the size threshold and...

170

E-Print Network 3.0 - aggregates colonization growth Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for reduced biogenic silica dissolution rates in diatom B. Moriceau 1,2* Summary: 24 to 48 hours, suggesting growth of T. weissflogii. Light exposure during transferal of...

171

Stocking Rate Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to predict potential forage shortfalls, determine the im- pact of the decision on finances and other ranch re- sources, and make any necessary adjustments before the forage resource is harmed or financial problems occur. Through adequate planning and periodic... rates with limited knowledge of future forage and market conditions. But they can use past records, experience and range surveys to make realistic projections of forage and market conditions (Figure 3). Then, the planned stock- ing rate should...

White, Larry D.; McGinty, Allan

1999-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

172

On Thermonuclear Reaction Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear reactions govern major aspects of the chemical evolution od galaxies and stars. Analytic study of the reaction rates and reaction probability integrals is attempted here. Exact expressions for the reaction rates and reaction probability integrals for nuclear reactions in the case of nonresonant, modified nonresonant, screened nonresonant and resonant cases are given. These are expressed in terms of H-functions, G-functions and in computable series forms. Computational aspects are also discussed.

H. J. Haubold; A. M. Mathai

1996-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

173

Cat Heart Rate Monitoring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cat Heart Rate Monitoring Cat Heart Rate Monitoring Name: Shakti Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: TX Country: USA Date: Summer 2010 Question: What is the best way to find a cat's heart rate using a stethoscope? Because I have tried to hear their heart beat but their purring is all I can hear. If I shouldn't use a stethoscope, then what should I use? Replies: Hi Shakti! If you want to use a stethoscope, the trick is to get your cat to stop purring. Two good ways that I have found to help stop the purring 1. Cover their nose (generally cats don't like this and will stop purring) or 2. Put on the tap to drip or lightly stream water (also, they generally don't like this and will stop purring). Alternatively, you can get their heart rate from feeling their pulse. A good place to try to feel a pulse is right where the leg attaches to the abdomen - in an area called the inguinal region. Now granted there are some heart conditions that will cause an animals pulse and their heart rates don't match up, and it's hard to feel if you have a fat cat, but it's a good place to try if you are really trying to get a heart rate in a healthy kitty!

174

October 2001 - September 2006 Wholesale Power Rates (rates/previous...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

October 2001 - September 2006 The 2002 Wholesale Power Rate Schedules (base rates) for the FY 2002-2006 rate period were originally established in May 2000 during the WP-02 Rate...

175

Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and Developing New  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and Developing New Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and Developing New Growth Engines Jump to: navigation, search Name Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and Developing New Growth Engines Agency/Company /Organization Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development Topics Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Guide/manual Website http://www.oecd.org/officialdo Country South Korea UN Region Eastern Asia References Korea's Green Growth Strategy[1] Overview "Korea's greenhouse gas emissions almost doubled between 1990 and 2005, the highest growth rate in the OECD area. Korea recently set a target of reducing emissions by 30% by 2020 relative to a "business as usual"

176

Upper Great Plains Rates information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rates and Repayment Services Rates and Repayment Services Rates 2010 Firm Power Rate (effective January 1, 2010) Rate Adjustments 2010 Firm Power Rate Adjustment 2009 Firm Power Rate Adjustment IS Rate Adjustments Rate Adjustment Process Rate Orders Signed, December 23, 2009 (16kb pdf) Announcements Firm Electric Service Customer Letter - Preliminary Review of Drought Adder Component, June 27, 2013 (74kb pdf) Customer Letter - Final Notice of Drought Adder Component, October 2, 2013 (68kb pdf) Integrated System (IS) Rates 2014 IS Rates Customer Information Meeting Presentation, October 15, 2013 (611kb pdf) Customer Letter - Notification of 2014 Rates, September 13, 2013 (160kb pdf) 2014 Transmission and Ancillary Services Rate Calculation and 2012 Rate True-up Calculation (4.9mb pdf) 2013 IS Rates

177

BCP Annual Rate Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 BCP Annual Rate Process 2013 BCP Annual Rate Process Informal Process Rate Activity Schedule (doc) Informal Customer Meeting Thursday March 6, 2013 at 10:30 A.M. Conf Rms 3&4 Informal Customer Meeting Presentation (Pdf) PRS Executive Summary (Mar 07, 2013) (Pdf) FY2014 Final Ten Year Operating Plan PRS Executive Summary (PDF) FORM for Foreign Visits (doc) Formal Process Initial Federal Register Notice (pdf) Public Information Forum March 27,2013 at 10:30 A.M. Conf Rms3&4 Customer Meeting Presentation PIF Presentation (PPT) Presentation Details (pdf) Reclamation Fund Status Report PIF PRS Executive Summary (pdf) PIF Transcripts (PDF) Visitor Center Cost Analysis Questions - Responses Public Comment Forum April 10, 2013 at 10:30 A.M. Conf Rms3&4 PCF Transcripts Customer Letters

178

Multiple System Rate Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DSW Multiple System Transmission Rate Process DSW Multiple System Transmission Rate Process Federal Register Notice Withdrawing Rate Proposal (PDF) Formal Process Extension Federal Register Notice (PDF) Customer Savings Under Various MSTR (XLS) Public Information Forum March 29, 2005 Customer Meeting Overview (Power Point) Customer Meeting Overview (PDF) Customer Meeting Transcript (PDF) Public Comment Forum April 6, 2005 Customer Meeting Transcript (PDF) Response Letter 5-17-05 (PDF) Customer Letters Tonopah ID-5/25/05 (PDF) APS-5/26/05 (PDF) SRP-5/27/05 (PDF) RSLynch-6/1/05 (PDF) KRSaline-6/1/05 (PDF) Formal Process Federal Register Notice (Word) Federal Register Notice (PDF) Brochure (Word) Appendices to Brochure: A B C D E1 E2 F1 F2 GH Public Information Forum July 14, 2004 Customer Meeting Overview (Power Point)

179

Growth factor parametrization in curved space  

SciTech Connect

The growth rate of matter perturbation and the expansion rate of the Universe can be used to distinguish modified gravity and dark energy models in explaining cosmic acceleration. We explore here the inclusion of spatial curvature into the growth factor. We expand previous results using the approximation {omega}{sub m}{sup {gamma}} and then suggest a new form, f{sub a}={omega}{sub m}{sup {gamma}}+({gamma}-4/7){omega}{sub k}, as an approximation for the growth factor when the curvature {omega}{sub k} is not negligible, and where the growth index {gamma} is usually model dependent. The expression recovers the standard results for the curved and flat {lambda}CDM and Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati models. Using the best fit values of {omega}{sub m0} and {omega}{sub k0} to the expansion/distance measurements from Type Ia SNe, baryon acoustic oscillation, WMAP5, and H(z) data, we fit the growth index parameter to current growth factor data and obtain {gamma}{sub {lambda}}({omega}{sub k}{ne}0)=0.65{sub -0.15}{sup +0.17} and {gamma}{sub DGP}({omega}{sub k}{ne}0)=0.53{sub -0.12}{sup +0.14}. For the {lambda}CDM model, the 1-{sigma} observational bounds are found consistent with theoretical value, unlike the case for the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati model. We also find that the current data we used is not enough to put significant constraints when the 3 parameters in f{sub a} are fit simultaneously. Importantly, we find that, in the presence of curvature, the analytical expression proposed for f{sub a} provides a better fit to the growth factor than other forms and should be useful for future high precision missions and studies.

Gong Yungui; Ishak, Mustapha; Wang Anzhong [College of Mathematics and Physics, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing 400065 (China) and Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China, CAS, Beijing 100190 (China); Department of Physics, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas 75083 (United States); CASPER, Physics Department, Baylor University, Waco, Texas 76798 (United States)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

Obsidian Hydration Rates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...OBSIDIAN HYDRATION RATE FOR KLAMATH BASIN OF CALIFORNIA AND OREGON...as the material is excreted, falls through the air, and dries...Friedman. Table 1 presents two new groups of hydra-tion readings for...the true age is believed to fall (3). The Snaketown age is...

Clement W. Meighan

1970-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted" advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

2002-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

182

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted" advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

1999-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

183

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted"advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

2002-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

184

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted" advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19067-1612. ...

1997-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

185

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted" advertisements wilt be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

2003-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

186

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted"advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

2002-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

187

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted" advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

1999-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

188

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted" advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

2000-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

189

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted"advertisements wilt be classified by the chemical field designated by the members, if not designated, placement will be determined by the first word of the text submitted. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Road, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

2002-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

190

Advertising Rate Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advertising Rate Information ... "Situations Wanted" advertisements will be classified by the chemical field designated by the members. ... State ACS membership status and mail advertisements to: Chemical & Engineering News, Classified Advertising, 676 East Swedesford Koad, Suite 202, Wayne, PA 19087-1612. ...

1998-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

191

Effect of defaunation and amino acid supplementation on growth and amino acid balance in growing sheep  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and the wool growth. The supplementation with protected amino acids may increase the growth rate and may lead and the addition of protected methionine and lysine on animal growth and amino acids digestibility in the body week for 9 weeks. Amino acids were determined in feed, blood, wool and feces in order to calculate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

192

Stress-corrosion fatiguecrack growth in a Zr-based bulk amorphous metal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the work was to determine the rate and mechanisms of subcritical crack growth in this metallic glassStress-corrosion fatigue­crack growth in a Zr-based bulk amorphous metal V. Schroeder 1 , R. Results indicate that crack growth in aqueous solution in this alloy is driven by a stress-assisted anodic

Ritchie, Robert

193

Rail Coal Transportation Rates  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

reports reports Coal Transportation Rates to the Electric Power Sector With Data through 2010 | Release Date: November 16, 2012 | Next Release Date: December 2013 | Correction Previous editions Year: 2011 2004 Go Figure 1. Deliveries from major coal basins to electric power plants by rail, 2010 Background In this latest release of Coal Transportation Rates to the Electric Power Sector, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) significantly expands upon prior versions of this report with the incorporation of new EIA survey data. Figure 1. Percent of total U.S. rail shipments represented in data figure data Previously, EIA relied solely on data from the U.S. Surface Transportation Board (STB), specifically their confidential Carload Waybill Sample. While valuable, due to the statistical nature of the Waybill data,

194

Rate Adjustments and Public Involvement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rate Adjustments and Public Involvement Documents Rate Adjustments and Public Involvement Documents CRSP Transmission 9/16/2013 WAPA-161 FRN, CRSP transmission and ancillary services rates extension Letter announcing two-year extension to CRSP transmission and ancillary services rates Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2014 Accompanying calculation table for FY 2014 CRSP transmission rate letter Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2013 Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2012 Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2011 Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2010 SLCA/IP 9/16/2013 WAPA-161 FRN, SLCA/IP firm power rate extension Letter announcing two-year extension to SLCA/IP firm power rate SLCA/IP Tentative Rate Adjustment Schedule

195

Transportation Rates For Fishery Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

express (Railway Express Agency), and motor carriers. Air transporta- tion and water transportation 2 Rail-freight rates 2 Rail-express rates 3 Motor-carrier rates 3 Protective-service charges 4 used in sample 7 2. Rail-express rate index: Routes used in sample 7 3. Motor-carrier rate index

196

October 1996 - September 2001 Wholesale Power Rates (rates/previous...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

affecting a specific power purchase. For more specific information see: 1996 Final Wholesale Power and Transmission Rate Schedules: Power Rates (PDF, 84 pages, 188 kb) Ancillary...

197

Role of adsorption kinetics in the low-temperature Si growth by gas-source molecular beam epitaxy: In situ observations and detailed modeling of the growth  

SciTech Connect

The growth rate and surface hydrogen coverage during Si gas-source molecular beam epitaxy using disilane have been obtained as functions of both the growth temperature and the source-gas pressure. The activation energy of the low-temperature (<600{sup o}C) growth rate was found to increase with the source-gas pressure, indicating a contribution by the adsorption process in these low-temperature growth kinetics. Several growth models have been constructed based on the results, among which the two-site/four-site-adsorption model [M. Suemitsu Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 236, L625 (1997)] showed the best fit to both the growth rate and the hydrogen coverage. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.

Murata, Takeshi; Nakazawa, Hideki; Tsukidate, Yoshikazu; Suemitsu, Maki

2001-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

198

Plasma Adiabatic Lapse Rate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The plasma analog of an adiabatic lapse rate (or temperature variation with height) in atmospheric physics is obtained. A new source of plasma temperature gradient in a binary ion species mixture is found that is proportional to the concentration gradient ??? and difference in average ionization states Z2-Z1. Application to inertial-confinement-fusion implosions indicates a potentially strong effect in plastic (CH) ablators that is not modeled with mainline (single-fluid) simulations. An associated plasma thermodiffusion coefficient is derived, and charge-state diffusion in a single-species plasma is also predicted.

Peter Amendt; Claudio Bellei; Scott Wilks

2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

199

Essential role of catalyst in vapor-liquid-solid growth of compounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanism of the solidification of compound materials, such as oxide crystals, in a vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) system is investigated by model molecular dynamics simulation. A simple model for the VLS growth of a compound crystal is proposed to clarify the general mechanism of how a liquid solvent catalyzes the growth rate. We find that the nucleation process at the solid surface is responsible for limiting the growth rate, and that the solvent catalyzes the nucleation by reducing the critical nucleation size at the liquid-solid interface. Our theoretical suggestion that the ratio of the vapor-solid (VS) growth rate to the VLS growth rate strongly depends on the supply rate qualitatively agrees well with the experimental result. Finally, we simulate the entire process of VLS nanowire formation.

Masaru Suzuki; Yoshiki Hidaka; Takeshi Yanagida; Annop Klamchuen; Masaki Kanai; Tomoji Kawai; Shoichi Kai

2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

200

Rate types for stream programs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We introduce RATE TYPES, a novel type system to reason about and optimize data-intensive programs. Built around stream languages, RATE TYPES performs static quantitative reasoning about stream rates -- the frequency of data items in a stream being ... Keywords: data processing rates, data throughput, performance reasoning, stream programming, type systems

Thomas W. Bartenstein, Yu David Liu

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

An Evaluation of Subcritical Crack Growth and Stress-Induced Transformation Toughening of 3Y-TZP.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this study was to evaluate the subcritical crack growth parameters (SCG) through constant stress-rate testing and the critical time to transformation… (more)

Rigby, Brent Lee

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Pollution adn Plant Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pollution adn Plant Growth Pollution adn Plant Growth Name: Virdina Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What are the effcts off water polltuion on plant growth? Are there any good websites where I can find current or on going research being done by other scientist? Replies: Dear Virdina, Possibly helpful: http://www.ec.gc.ca/water/en/manage/poll/e_poll.htm http://www.epa.vic.gov.au/wq/info/wq987.htm Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach This is a very complicated question, there are so many different types of water pollution and different species of plants react very differently. Good places to start are the U.S. environmental protection agency, the office of water is at: http://www.epa.gov/ow/ and there is a link to a kid's page from there: http://www.epa.gov/OST/KidsStuff/ You might also try state EPA's, Illinois is at:

203

Research District Seeing Growth  

SciTech Connect

Monthly economic diversity column for the Tri-City Herald (May 2012) - excerpt follows: It’s been a while since I’ve updated you on the Tri-Cities Research District, most certainly not for lack of new activity over the past several months. In fact, much has happened, and there’s more to come. I think many of us see new land development and construction as indicative of current or impending economic growth. So those of you who have ventured into North Richland either via Stevens Drive or George Washington Way lately have probably begun sensing and anticipating that such growth is afoot.

Madison, Alison L.

2012-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

204

Real-time variable rate Pix® application system using a plant height sensor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to develop a chemical application system that could measure plant size, determine the optimum chemical rate to apply and control that application. A plant height sensor, the MEPRT growth relationship software...

Beck, Andy Dwayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

205

Energy-Efficient Capacity Upgrade in Optical Networks with Mixed Line Rates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the energy-efficient network upgrade problem. The traffic growth in a mixed-line-rate (10/40/100 Gbps) optical network is supported through both non-disruptive and...

Nag, Avishek; Tornatore, Massimo; Wang, Ting; Mukherjee, Biswanath

206

electric rates | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

electric rates electric rates Dataset Summary Description This dataset, compiled by NREL and Ventyx, provides average residential, commercial and industrial electricity rates by zip code for both investor owned utilities (IOU) and non-investor owned utilities. Note: the file includes average rates for each utility, but not the detailed rate structure data found in the database available via the zip-code look-up feature on the OpenEI Utilities page (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway:Utilities). The data was released by NREL/Ventyx in February 2011. Source NREL and Ventyx Date Released February 24th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords electric rates rates US utilities Data text/csv icon IOU rates by zipcode (csv, 1.7 MiB) text/csv icon Non-IOU rates by zipcode (csv, 2.1 MiB)

207

Rate Schedules | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rate Schedules Rate Schedules Rate Schedules One of the major responsibilities of Southeastern is to design, formulate, and justify rate schedules. Repayment studies prepared by the agency determine revenue requirements and appropriate rate levels and these studies for each of Southeastern's four power marketing systems are updated annually. They demonstrate the adequacy of the rates for each system. Rates are considered to be adequate when revenues are sufficient to repay all costs associated with power production and transmission costs, which include the amortization of the Federal investment allocated to power. Latest Rate Schedules October 1, 2012 ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Energy Cooperative System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012

208

2007-2009 Power Rates Quarterly Updates (pbl/rates)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(PFR) Firstgov FY 2007 2009 Power Rates Quarterly Updates In BPAs 2007-2009 Wholesale Power Rate Case (WP-07), BPA agreed that it would post reports about BPAs power...

209

WP-07 Power Rate Case (rates/ratecases)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rate Cases Financial Choices (2003-06) Power Function Review (PFR) Firstgov 2007 Wholesale Power (WP-07) Rate Case Related Links: Power Function Review (PFR) On July 17, 2006,...

210

Water-Splitting Photoelectrolysis Reaction Rate via Microscopic Imaging of Evolved Oxygen Bubbles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to directly split water in a semiconductor photoelectrochemical cell is a promising source of carbon-free fuel Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA Bubble formation and growth on a water of the gas-evolving reaction rate. Optical microscopy was used to record the bubble growth on single

Atwater, Harry

211

III-V Nanowire Array Growth by Selective Area Epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

III-V semiconductor nanowires are unique material phase due to their high aspect ratio, large surface area, and strong quantum confinement. This affords the opportunity to control charge transport and optical properties for electrical and photonic applications. Nanoscale selective area metalorganic chemical vapor deposition growth (NS-SAG) is a promising technique to maximize control of nanowire diameter and position, which are essential for device application. In this work, InP and GaAs nanowire arrays are grown by NS-SAG. We observe enhanced sidewall growth and array uniformity disorder in high growth rate condition. Disorder in surface morphology and array uniformity of InP nanowire array is explained by enhanced growth on the sidewall and stacking faults. We also find that AsH{sub 3} decomposition on the sidewall affects the growth behavior of GaAs nanowire arrays.

Chu, Hyung-Joon; Stewart, Lawrence [Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Southern California (United States); Yeh, Tingwei [Mork Family Department of Chemical Engineering and Material Science, University of Southern California 3651 Watt Way, VHE-314, Los Angeles, CA90089 (United States); Dapkus, P. Daniel [Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Southern California (United States); Mork Family Department of Chemical Engineering and Material Science, University of Southern California 3651 Watt Way, VHE-314, Los Angeles, CA90089 (United States)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

212

TRANSFORMED DSM TARGETS GROWTH  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TRANSFORMED DSM TARGETS GROWTH ... DSM CHIEF Executive Officer Feike Sijbesma refers to Charles Darwin when talking about his company’s transformation. ... In the past 10 years, DSM has transformed itself, shifting its portfolio from petrochemicals and specialties to life sciences and materials. ...

PAIGE MARIE MORSE

2011-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

213

National Utility Rate Database: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

When modeling solar energy technologies and other distributed energy systems, using high-quality expansive electricity rates is essential. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed a utility rate platform for entering, storing, updating, and accessing a large collection of utility rates from around the United States. This utility rate platform lives on the Open Energy Information (OpenEI) website, OpenEI.org, allowing the data to be programmatically accessed from a web browser, using an application programming interface (API). The semantic-based utility rate platform currently has record of 1,885 utility rates and covers over 85% of the electricity consumption in the United States.

Ong, S.; McKeel, R.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Rating the NRF's rating system Michael I. Cherry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the NRF's raison d'être--thetrainingofhigh-qualityresearch manpower. The progress of the rating systemRating the NRF's rating system Michael I. Cherry a* and Mark J. Gibbons b T HE LATEST REVIEW OF THE NATIONAL Research Foundation (NRF), chaired by Wieland Gevers, and released surreptitiously

Wagner, Stephan

215

Kinetics of monolayer graphene growth by segregation on Pd(111)  

SciTech Connect

Using in situ low-energy electron microscopy and density functional theory calculations, we follow the growth of monolayer graphene on Pd(111) via surface segregation of bulk-dissolved carbon. Upon lowering the substrate temperature, nucleation of graphene begins on graphene-free Pd surface and continues to occur during graphene growth. Measurements of graphene growth rates and Pd surface work functions establish that this continued nucleation is due to increasing C adatom concentration on the Pd surface with time. We attribute this anomalous phenomenon to a large barrier for attachment of C adatoms to graphene coupled with a strong binding of the non-graphitic C to the Pd surface.

Mok, H. S.; Murata, Y.; Kodambaka, S., E-mail: kodambaka@ucla.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Ebnonnasir, A.; Ciobanu, C. V. [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science Program, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Nie, S.; McCarty, K. F. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

216

SCHOOL OF MEDICINE TELECOMMUNICATIONS RATE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SCHOOL OF MEDICINE TELECOMMUNICATIONS RATE BACKGROUND The University recently the desktop phone service costs back to individual units/departments by creating a telecommunications rate in the Other Expenses category of the budget as a "Telecommunications Charge". NOTE- direct charging

Straight, Aaron

217

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio October 6, 2010 - 2:26pm Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Editor's Note: Yesterday Secretary Chu announced that solar panels and a solar hot water heater will be added to the White House by the end of next spring. This entry is cross-posted from the Energy Empowers blog and deals with how the continued growth of solar power is not only a boon for industry, but for local economies as well. The solar industry saw growth in 2010. Market research company Solarbuzz reports that global demand soared by 54 percent in the second quarter of 2010. The research firm reports that in the United States, the annual number of total watts installed moved from 485 MW in all of 2009 to 2.3 GW

218

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio October 6, 2010 - 2:26pm Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Editor's Note: Yesterday Secretary Chu announced that solar panels and a solar hot water heater will be added to the White House by the end of next spring. This entry is cross-posted from the Energy Empowers blog and deals with how the continued growth of solar power is not only a boon for industry, but for local economies as well. The solar industry saw growth in 2010. Market research company Solarbuzz reports that global demand soared by 54 percent in the second quarter of 2010. The research firm reports that in the United States, the annual number of total watts installed moved from 485 MW in all of 2009 to 2.3 GW

219

2007 Wholesale Power Rate Schedules : 2007 General Rate Schedule Provisions.  

SciTech Connect

This schedule is available for the contract purchase of Firm Power to be used within the Pacific Northwest (PNW). Priority Firm (PF) Power may be purchased by public bodies, cooperatives, and Federal agencies for resale to ultimate consumers, for direct consumption, and for Construction, Test and Start-Up, and Station Service. Rates in this schedule are in effect beginning October 1, 2006, and apply to purchases under requirements Firm Power sales contracts for a three-year period. The Slice Product is only available for public bodies and cooperatives who have signed Slice contracts for the FY 2002-2011 period. Utilities participating in the Residential Exchange Program (REP) under Section 5(c) of the Northwest Power Act may purchase Priority Firm Power pursuant to the Residential Exchange Program. Rates under contracts that contain charges that escalate based on BPA's Priority Firm Power rates shall be based on the three-year rates listed in this rate schedule in addition to applicable transmission charges. This rate schedule supersedes the PF-02 rate schedule, which went into effect October 1, 2001. Sales under the PF-07 rate schedule are subject to BPA's 2007 General Rate Schedule Provisions (2007 GRSPs). Products available under this rate schedule are defined in the 2007 GRSPs. For sales under this rate schedule, bills shall be rendered and payments due pursuant to BPA's 2007 GRSPs and billing process.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Commercial Building Asset Rating Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Slides from a Commercial Building Initiative webinar outlining the Commercial Building Asset Rating Program on August 23, 2011.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Pine Tree Growth Locations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pine Tree Growth Locations Pine Tree Growth Locations Name: Amielee Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do pine trees not grow south of the equator? Replies: Dear Amielee, The natural distribution of the pines is the northern hemisphere: http://phylogeny.arizona.edu/tree/eukaryotes/green_plants/embryophytes/conif ers/pinaceae/pinus/pinus.html However, pines have become introduced into the southern hemisphere through cultivation: http://www.woodweb.com/~treetalk/Radiata_Pine/wowhome.html Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach, Ph.D. Hi Amielee Some pine trees do live south of the equator but we (I live in Australia) do not have the huge forests of native conifers that you have in the northern hemisphere. Even in the northern hemisphere conifers are only found in two forest types: 1. Tiaga

222

Web Growth of Semiconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel process for growth of diamond?lattice semiconductors is described and a model is proposed for the growth mechanism. For germanium the process yields extended thin flat sheets typically 1 cm wide and 0.1 mm thick of good crystalline quality and relatively flat {111} surfaces. The sheet or web freezes from a liquid film drawn up by surface tension between two coplanar dendrites which originate from a single seed and are grown from the melt simultaneously with the sheet. Resistivity throughout the sheet is quite uniform. Etching of germanium webs shows them to be essentially dislocation?free and does not reveal any microsegregation of impurities. Silicon and indium antimonide have also been grown in this manner.

S. O'Hara; A. I. Bennett

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Multiscale Systems Analysis of Root Growth and Development: Modeling Beyond the Network and Cellular Scales  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...imposed by the laws of physics and root cell and...stress/strain-rate relationships) that...water fluxes are not rate-limiting (i.e...requiring them to pass radially through concentric...revealed that, as cells pass through the elongation...revealed that the growth rates appear to reflect...

Leah R. Band; John A. Fozard; Christophe Godin; Oliver E. Jensen; Tony Pridmore; Malcolm J. Bennett; John R. King

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

224

Feedbacks between inundation, root production, and shoot growth in a rapidly submerging brackish marsh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. To understand the relationships between sea level rise and marsh survival, we measured root and shoot growth at low sea level rise rates), we propose that an acceleration in the rate of sea level rise will lead at rapid sea level rise rates and/or low sediment supply), increases in the water level will lead

Newman, Michael C.

225

Fostering Growth | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Fostering Growth Fostering Growth The solar energy industry in the United States is growing rapidly as the price of solar panels has decreased over the past decade. U.S. solar...

226

Materials Science and Engineering A231 (1997) 170182 Fatigue crack growth resistance in SiC particulate and whisker  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Materials Science and Engineering A231 (1997) 170­182 Fatigue crack growth resistance in Si resulted in higher crack growth resistance at low growth rates in the particulate reinforced materials in these materials have indicated that many factors may be important in deter- mining the fatigue resistance of SiC/

Ritchie, Robert

227

Effect of Surface Morphology on Crack Growth at a Sol-Gel Reinforced Epoxy/Aluminum Interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the measurements of the critical energy-release rate, subcritical crack-growth kinetics, and threshold energyEffect of Surface Morphology on Crack Growth at a Sol-Gel Reinforced Epoxy/Aluminum Interface Jiong. Keywords: ADCB wedge test; Crack growth; Durability; Epoxy=aluminum; Sol-gel coating; Surface pretreatment

Chaudhury, Manoj K.

228

The Growth of Fishes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Growth of Fishes Growth of Fishes Nature Bulletin No. 272-A June 3, 1967 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Richard B. Ogilvie, President Roland F, Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE GROWTH OF FISHES Baby fish, by the millions, are hatching now every day in our lakes, streams and ponds. Some kinds come from eggs sown broadcast among water plants; others from eggs laid in clusters or nests; some from masses of eggs hidden in underwater holes; while the eggs of many little fish, such as minnows and darters, are attached in neat patches to the underside of rocks or sunken logs. For some time before hatching, the young fish can be seen wriggling inside the eggs. Newly hatched baby fish -- or fry, as they should be called -- look much alike, regardless of the size or appearance of their parents. Each is almost transparent except for the large dark eyes and a bulging stomach which encloses yolk from the egg. Under a magnifying glass, the pumping red heart can be seen and the mouth gulping water. The tiny fins are beginning to form, a few dots of dark pigment may show in the skin, but there is little or no sign of scales. They vary from an eighth to a half inch or more in length, depending upon the species and the size of the egg.

229

The Inverted Block Rate:The Inverted Block Rate: An Alternative to Flat Rate BillingAn Alternative to Flat Rate Billing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Inverted Block Rate:The Inverted Block Rate: An Alternative to Flat Rate BillingAn Alternative;Inverted Block RateInverted Block Rate 22 IntroductionIntroduction ·· Modern societies rely on electrical collectionMetering and Rate Models facilitate collection #12;Inverted Block RateInverted Block Rate 33 Rate

Hughes, Larry

230

October 2003 - March 2004 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 - March 2004 (CRAC 5 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective October 2003 - March 2004 (CRAC 5 period) (PDF, 4 pages, 15 kb, corrected December 18, 2003,...

231

April - September 2004 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 (CRAC 6 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective April 1 - September 30, 2004 (CRAC 6 period) (PDF, 4 pages, 14 kb, originally posted January 12, 2004;...

232

April - September 2005 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

April - September 2005 (CRAC 8 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective April - September 2005 (CRAC 8 period) (PDF, 3 pages, 108 kb, posted December 17, 2004)...

233

October 2005 - March 2006 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

October 2005 - March 2006 (CRAC 9 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective October 2005 - March 2006 (CRAC 9 period) (PDF, 4 pages, 116 kb, originally posted...

234

LEED for Homes Rating System affordablemarket rate multi-family  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LEED for Homes Rating System affordablemarket rate multi-family #12;The top 25% of new homes based% REGULATIONS lawbreakers DEGREE OF GREEN MARKET SHIFT typical building practices market leaders innovators the negative impact of buildings on their occupants and on the environment. LEED for Homes categories

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

235

The Coal Transportation Rate Database  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coal Transportation Rate Database (CTRDB) adds new data for 2000 and 2001. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (FERC) Form 580 "interrogatories" are the primary source for...

236

BPA revises oversupply rate proposal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

oversupply-rate-proposal Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives...

237

Ga-assisted catalyst-free growth mechanism of GaAs nanowires by molecular beam epitaxy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanisms of Ga-assisted GaAs nanowires grown by molecular beam epitaxy are addressed. The axial and radial growth rates as a function of the Ga rate and As pressure indicate that on the opposite of what is observed in thin film epitaxy, the growth rate of the nanowires is arsenic limited. As a consequence, the axial growth rate of the wires can be controlled by the As4 pressure. Additionally, due to the small As4 pressure leading to nanowire growth, the deposition on the facets is very slow, leading to a much lower radial growth rate. Finally, we present a model that is able to accurately describe the presented observations and predicts a maximum length of nontapered nanowires of 40?m.

C. Colombo; D. Spirkoska; M. Frimmer; G. Abstreiter; A. Fontcuberta i Morral

2008-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

238

Entropy production rate as a constraint for collisionless fluid closures  

SciTech Connect

A novel method is proposed to construct collisionless fluid closures accounting for some kinetic properties. The first dropped fluid moment is assumed to be a linear function of the lower order ones. Optimizing the agreement between the fluid and kinetic entropy production rates is used to constrain the coefficients of the linear development. This procedure is applied to a reduced version of the interchange instability. The closure, involving the absolute value of the wave vector, is non-local in real space. In this case, the linear instability thresholds are the same, and the linear growth rates exhibit similar characteristics. Such a method is applicable to other models and classes of instabilities.

Fleurence, E.; Sarazin, Y.; Garbet, X.; Dif-Pradalier, G.; Ghendrih, Ph.; Grandgirard, V.; Ottaviani, M. [Association Euratom-CEA, CEA/DSM/DRFC Cadarache, 13108 Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance (France)

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

239

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES ENERGY AND GROWTH UNDER FLEXIBLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, none provides a synthesis. In this analysis, a theoretically sound model of an oil price increase of an oil price increase under flexible exchange rates, -1- #12;-2- and to solve the model by taking refuge- actions of energy prices and economic growth. The incorporation of energy prices and quantities

240

The effects of NH4 on growth, resource  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Phragmites australis and Glyceria maxima Edita Tylova-Munzarova a,*, Bent Lorenzen b , Hans Brix b , Olga kinetics of two common helophytes Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steudel and Glyceria maxima (Hartm of 34 mM the growth rate of Phragmites was not affected by the N form (mean RGR = 35.4 mg gÃ?1 dÃ?1

Brix, Hans

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Method for enhancing microbial utilization rates of gases using perfluorocarbons  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of enhancing the bacterial reduction of industrial gases using perfluorocarbons (PFCs) is disclosed. Because perfluorocarbons (PFCs) allow for a much greater solubility of gases than water does, PFCs have the potential to deliver gases in higher concentrations to microorganisms when used as an additive to microbial growth media thereby increasing the rate of the industrial gas conversion to economically viable chemicals and gases.

Turick, Charles E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Economic Redevelopment and Growth Program (New Jersey) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Redevelopment and Growth Program (New Jersey) Redevelopment and Growth Program (New Jersey) Economic Redevelopment and Growth Program (New Jersey) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Grant Program Provider New Jersey Economic Development Authority Economic Redevelopment and Growth program (ERG) is an incentive for real estate development projects that have a financing gap, defined as having insufficient revenues to support the project debt service under a standard financing scenario. It can also apply to projects that have a below market development margin or rate of return. The grant is not meant to be a substitute for conventional debt and equity financing, and applicants

243

Low dose ionizing radiation induces tumor growth promoting factors in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ionizing radiation induces tumor growth promoting factors in ionizing radiation induces tumor growth promoting factors in stress-induced premature senescent fibroblasts David Boothman University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas Abstract Recent evidence suggest that the causes of cancer development are not limited to mutations within cancer cells, but also involve in alterations of cancer microenvironment. Senescent cells are irreversibly growth arrested, but remain metabolically active. Senescent cells, especially senescent fibroblasts in the stroma may provide a beneficial environment for tumor growth through secretion of certain factors. Accumulation of senescent cells in the stroma of patients repeatedly exposed to low doses of IR or low dose rates of IR, could be an important factor, causing alteration of the microenvironment that ultimately benefits tumor

244

Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way When applied to plants, Take-Off(tm) speeds crop emergence, increases growth rates and yields, improves stress tolerance and nutrient value, and reduces need for nitrogen fertilizers. April 3, 2012 Farmer in wheat field inspecting wheat Biagro Western offers Take-Off(tm), a metabolic plant stimulant that will allow farmers to increase crop carbon fixation and thereby increase nitrate uptake and nitrogen use efficiency. The new product speeds plants to maturity, allowing the plants to more efficiently assimilate nitrogen by coordinating the nitrogen uptake and photosynthesis processes. Field tests show that Take-Off(tm) reduced nitrogen inputs by 25 to 35 percent.

245

Plant Growth and Photosynthesis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant Growth and Photosynthesis Plant Growth and Photosynthesis Name: Jack Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Do plants have any other way of growing besides photosythesis? Plants do not use photosynthesis to grow!!! They use cellular respiration just like every other organism to process energy into work. Plants use oxygen just like we do. Photosynthesis is principally only a process to change sunlight into a chemical form for storage. Replies: Check out our archives for more information. www.newton.dep.anl.gov/archive.htm Steve Sample Jack, Several kinds of flowering plants survive without the use of chlorophyll which is what makes plants green and able to produce sugar through photosynthesis. Dodder is a parasitic nongreen (without chlorophyll) plant that is commonly found growing on jewelweed and other plants in damp areas. Dodder twines around its host, (A host is an organism that has fallen victim to a parasite.), like a morning glory and attaches itself at certain points along the stem where it absorbs sugar and nutrients from the hosts sap.

246

China urges rapid growth  

SciTech Connect

This time last year China's paramount leader, Deng Xiaoping, launched the country on another bout of fast-paced economic growth and restructuring. After three years of riding out political and economic clampdown, foreign chemical companies were jerked awake by major changes in China's chemical industry. As the state becomes less involved with managing the economy, unleashing 12% gross national product growth, closer involvement with domestic factories has become attractive and essential. MCI officials say government funds will now be channeled toward clearing energy and transport bottlenecks, and chemical enterprises will be given more chance to turn a profit. They will be allowed to issue shares, seek foreign investment partners themselves, and bypass trading companies like China National Import-Export Corp. (Sinochem), the former state monopoly. Foreign analysts question whether China's finances and oil resources can support expansion. Even if they can, Cai estimates that ethylene imports will remain around the present level of 1 million tons. To further guarantee chemical supplies, China has invested in urea and polypropylene plants in the US and polystyrene plant in Hong Kong.

Hendry, S.

1993-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

247

RECYCLING RATE STUDY Prepared by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NATIONAL RECYCLING RATE STUDY Prepared by: Smith, Bucklin and Associates, Inc. Market Research and Statistics Division Chicago, Illinois July 2003 PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER #12;BCI RECYCLING RATE STUDY TABLE ....................................................................................................1 II. METHODOLOGY A. Total Pounds of Lead Recycled from Batteries

Laughlin, Robert B.

248

Combating the growth of slums using for-profit social business models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With 1 billion people living in the slums of cities today and no signs of a decrease in the rate of urbanization and population growth, it is obvious that new approaches to combating poverty and the global housing crisis ...

Fusaro, Kurtis C

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Commercial Building Asset Rating Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 eere.energy.gov 1 eere.energy.gov Commercial Building Asset Rating Program August 23, 2011 12 p.m. ET, 9 a.m. PT Presenter: Cody Taylor PRE-DECISIONAL Information included in this document is for discussion purposes and does not constitute the final program design. FOR INFORMATION ONLY 2 eere.energy.gov Outline * Goals * Scope & schedule * Guiding principles * Program design issues - Metrics - Rating method - Rating scale - Opportunities for efficiency improvement - Quality assurance Please submit clarifying questions during today's webinar via the Q&A function of Live Meeting. 3 eere.energy.gov National Building Rating Program Goals * Facilitate cost-effective investment in energy efficiency and reduce energy use in the commercial building sector * Establish a national standard for voluntary commercial building asset rating

250

Innovative Rates Program. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Title II of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA) as amended by the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA) provided financial assistance to state utility regulatory commissions, nonregulated electric utilities, and the Tennessee Valley Authority through the Innovative Rates Program. The financial assistance was to be used to plan or carry out electric utility regulatory rate reform initiatives relating to innovative rate structures that encourage conservation of energy, electric utility efficiency and reduced costs, and equitable rates to consumers. The Federal and local objectives of the project are described. Activities planned and accomplishments are summarized for the following: project management, data collection, utility bill evaluation, billing enclosure/mailing evaluation, media program evaluation, display evaluation, rate study sessions evaluation, speakers bureau evaluation, and individual customer contacts. A timetable/milestone chart and financial information are included. (MHR)

Not Available

1982-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

251

Tropical tree seedling growth responses to nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium addition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Ancon, Panama, Republic of Panama; 3 Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, 202, Panama. We also measured 8 years of herbivory and growth for 1800 seedlings. We sought to determine hypothesis, nutrient limitation, Panama, plant­soil (below-ground) interactions, relative growth rate

Harms, Kyle E.

252

Monitoring bubble growth in supersaturated blood and tissue ex vivo and the relevance to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monitoring bubble growth in supersaturated blood and tissue ex vivo and the relevance to marine as a means to induce bubble nucleation and growth in supersatu- rated ex vivo bovine liver and kidney tissues, and blood. Bubble detection was achieved with a diagnostic ultrasound scanner. Under the conditions

253

Argentina: export-biased growth versus import-biased growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ARGENTINA. : EXPORT-BIASED GROWTH VERSUS IMPORT-BIASED GROWTH A Thesis by MICHAEL PAGE BRADLEY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1972... Major Subject: Economics ARGENTINA: EXPORT-BIASED GROWTH VERSUS IMPORT-BIASED GROWTH A Thesis by MICHAEL PAGE BRADLEY Approved as to style and content by: rman o omit ee ea o Depar men em er Mem er May 1&72 ABSTRACT Argentina: Export...

Bradley, Michael Page

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

254

Strongly Inhibited Rayleigh-Taylor Growth with 0.25-?m Lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown through numerical simulation that the Rayleigh-Taylor growth rate for targets accelerated by laser ablation, is reduced below the classical value, (kg)12, by factors of 3-4 with 0.25-?m laser light. The simulation results are supported by an analytical expression for the growth rates. These results provide further evidence for the viability of high-aspect-ratio shells in direct-drive laser fusion.

Mark H. Emery; John H. Gardner; Stephen E. Bodner

1986-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

255

October 2004 - March 2005 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 - March 2005 (CRAC 7 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective October 2004 - March 2005 (CRAC 7 period) (PDF, 3 pages, 13 kb, originally posted at 11 a.m. on...

256

April - September 2002 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 (CRAC 2 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective April - September 2002 (CRAC 2 period) (PDF, 9 kb, posted April 1, 2002) Note: The PDF document above provides...

257

October 2002 - March 2003 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 - March 2003 (CRAC 3 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective October 2002 - March 2003 (CRAC 3 period) (PDF, 14 kb, posted October 1, 2002) Note: The PDF...

258

April - September 2003 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 (CRAC 4 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective April - September 2003 (CRAC 4 period) (PDF, 3 pages, 74 kb, updated April 8, 2003) Note: The PDF document...

259

October 2001 - March 2002 Power Rates (rates/previous)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 - March 2002 (CRAC 1 period) "Monthly Adjusted" Wholesale Power Rates Effective October 2001 - March 2002 (CRAC 1 period) (PDF, 6 kb, updated October 3, 2001, posted October 4,...

260

Growth through conservation: DSM in Mexico  

SciTech Connect

Mexico's electricity consumption is expected to grow at an average annual rate of about 6 percent between 1992 and 2000; a slightly higher growth rate is anticipated in the industrial sector. To meet this demand, the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), Mexico's national utility, plans to build almost 14,000 MW of additional generating capacity, which is to come on line between 1993 and 2000 at an estimated cost of US $34 billion (including additional transmission and distribution investments). In 2000, such a capacity expansion would represent a 78-percent increase over 1990. As a result, CFE faces substantial increases in its external indebtedness in the 1990s, and unattractive option for a utility that had already accumulated nearly $1 billion in external debt as of the end of 1991. Significant growth in CFE's indebtedness would represent a setback for a nation that has worked diligently over several years to contain and reduce nearly unmanageable levels of external public-sector debt. Additionally, there are large, competing capital requirements in Mexico for other public services, such as roads, water, and sewage systems. It is in this context that Mexico is considering alternatives to the conventional approach to capacity expansion and is exploring a complementary alternative: demand-side management (DSM). Compared to other countries in Latin America, Mexico is well ahead in implementing both innovative tariff mechanisms and pilot projects.

Rodriguez, I.; Wolcott, D.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Income growth, ethnic polarization, and political risk: Evidence from international oil price shocks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper studies the effects of growth in countries’ national incomes on political risk. To address causality, we use the annual growth rate of the international oil price weighted with countries’ average oil net-export GDP shares as an instrument for national income growth. Our instrumental variables analysis yields two main results: (i) income growth has on average a significant negative effect on countries’ political risk; (ii) the marginal effect of income growth on political risk is significantly decreasing in cross-country differences in ethnic polarization, so much so that at high levels of ethnic polarization income growth increases political risk while at low levels of ethnic polarization income growth reduces political risk.

Markus Brückner; Mark Gradstein

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Positron annihilation rates in materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study of positron annihilation rate is one subject of a relatively new method of material structure analysis â?? positron annihilation spectroscopy. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) films have been studied by positron annihilation rate measurement. The correlation between annihilation rates and the PET film thickness was established. Similar studies were carried out for aluminium foils and water. The results give information on the probability of positron annihilation per unit of time and per unit of material thickness that is described by an explicit function of the energy transfer model.

Tran Dai Nghiep; Khuong Thanh Tuan; Ngo Danh Du

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Growth model for carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Evidence is presented, through high-resolution electron microscopy images, for the open-end growth of carbon nanotubes. Terminations of incomplete layers of carbon, seen on the tube surfaces and cone tips, suggest that the extension and thickening of the tubes occur by the island growth of graphite basal planes on existing tube surfaces. The nucleation of positive (pentagons) and negative (heptagons) disclinations on open tube ends results in changes of growth directions, producing different morphologies. A novel structure that shows complete ‘‘turn around growth,’’ involving pentagon-heptagon pairs, of the tubular assemblies is presented.

Sumio Iijima; P. M. Ajayan; T. Ichihashi

1992-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

264

Robust Growth-Optimal Portfolios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 24, 2014 ... Adopting standard terminology, we refer to the portfolio managed under the Kelly strategy as the growth-optimal portfolio. This portfolio displays ...

2014-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

265

Military Expenditure, Threats, and Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a country's external military threat; lgdp is the log ofMilitary Expenditure, Threats, and Growth * September 2003expenditure, external threats, corruption, and other

Aizenman, Joshua; Glick, Reuven

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Energy Management Through Innovative Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.6 43.2 43.0 Hydro and nuclear 3.9 3.5 3.8 4.7 4.0 3.9 4.1 Electricity as % of total Power 8.4 8.8 10.3 15.1 18.7 20.6 24.7 Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1957 (Washington, D.C.: U... to conserve energy, growth will abandon us. I would argue that we can experience continued economic growth, but only with a judicious use of our scarce natural resources. CHANGING ECONOMICS Conditions in the electric utility industry are far different...

Williams, M. L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

The chemistry of halogens on diamond: effects on growth and electron emission  

SciTech Connect

Diamond growth using halogenated precursors was studied in several diamond growth reactors. In a conventionao plasma reactor, diamond growth using the following gas mixtures was studied: CF{sub 4}/H{sub 2}, CH{sub 4}/H{sub 2}, CH{sub 3}F/H{sub 2}, and CH{sub 3}CL/H{sub 2}. Both the diamond growth measurements demonstrated ineffective transport of halogen radicals to the diamond surface during the growth process. In order to transport radical halogen species to the diamond surface during growth, a flow-tube reactor was constructed which minimized gas phase reactions. Also, the flow-tube reactor enabled pulsed gs transport to the diamond surface by fast-acting valves. Molecular beam mass spectroscopy was used to find condition which resulted in atomic hydrogen and/or atomic fluorine transport to the growing diamond surface. Although such conditions were found, they required very low pressures (0.5 Torr and below); these low pressures produce radical fluxes which are too low to sustain a reasonable diamond growth rate. The sequential reactor at Stanford was modified to add a halogen-growth step to the conventinoal atomic hydrogen/atomic carbon diamond growth cycle. Since the atomic fluorine, hydrogen and carbon environments are independent in the sequential reactor, the effect of fluorine on diamond growth could be studied independently of gas phase reactions. Although the diamond growth rate was increased by the use of fluorine, the film quality was seen to deteriorate as well as the substrate surface. Moreover, materials incompatibilities with fluorine significantly limited the use of fluorine in this reactor. A diamond growth model incorporating both gas phase and surface reactions was developed for the halocarbon system concurrent with the film growth efforts. In this report, we review the results of the growth experiments, the modeling, and additional experiments done to understand fluorine with diamond surfaces.

Hsu, W.L.; Pan, L.S.; Brown, L.A. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States)] [and others

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

DOE Guidance-Category Rating  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2010 2010 MEMORANDUM FOR HUMAN RESOURCES DIRECTORS FROM: SARA"iJ. Boku1, DIRECToR OF HUMAN C~TAL MANAGEMENT SUBJECT: GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #10 CATEGORY RATING The purpose of this memorandum is to establish the Department of Energy's (DOE's) policy for the use of Category Rating. Authorities: Public Law 107-296; Title 5 USC 3319; 5 CFR, Part 337, Subpart C., Presidential Memorandum of May 11, 2010 This guidance is established in accordance with 5 USC 3319, which authorizes Federal Agencies to use alternative rating proced.ures in assessing applicants for employment using category rating and selection procedures, and to ensure consistency in complying with federal regulations contained in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Office of Personnel Management (OPM) and the Department of

269

ARM - Measurement - Radiative heating rate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsRadiative heating rate govMeasurementsRadiative heating rate ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Radiative heating rate The heating rate due to the divergence of long and shortwave radiative flux. Categories Radiometric, Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. External Instruments MOLTS : Model Output Location Time Series Datastreams MOLTS : Model Output Location Time Series Datastreams MOLTSEDASSNDCLASS1 : Model Output Loc. Time Ser. (MOLTS): EDAS

270

OpenEI - electric rates  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U.S. Electric Utility U.S. Electric Utility Companies and Rates: Look-up by Zipcode (Feb 2011) http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/899 This dataset, compiled by NREL and Ventyx, provides average residential, commercial and industrial electricity rates by zip code for both investor owned utilities (IOU) and non-investor owned utilities. Note: the file includes average rates for each utility, but not the detailed rate structure data found in the database available via the zip-code look-up feature on the OpenEI Utilities page (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway:Utilities). The data was released by NREL/Ventyx in February 2011.

271

High repetition rate fiber lasers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis reports work in high repetition rate femtosecond fiber lasers. Driven by the applications including optical arbitrary waveform generation, high speed optical sampling, frequency metrology, and timing and frequency ...

Chen, Jian, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Office of Environmental Management (EM) Project Definition Rating Index (EM-PDRI) is a modification of a commercially developed planning tool that has been tested by an EM team specifically for...

273

Sustainable alternatives to fish meal and fish oil in fish nutrition: Effects on growth, tissue fatty acid composition and lipid metabolism.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Traditionally, fish meal (FM) and fish oil (FO) have been used extensively in aquafeeds, mainly due to their excellent nutritional properties. However, various reasons dictate… (more)

Karalazos, Vasileios

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Electric Rate Alternatives to Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"ELECTRIC RATE ALTERNATIVES TO COGENERATION" K. R. SANDBERG, JR. INDUSTRIAL ACCOUNTS MANAGER - TEXAS GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY BEAUMONT, TEXAS ABSTRACT This paper discusses electric rate slternatives to cogeneration for the industrisl... PERSPECTIVE Gulf States Utilities was incorporated in 1925 and is primarily in the business of generating. transmitting and distributing electricity to 555.000 customers in southeast Texas and south Louisiana. The service area extends 350 miles westward...

Sandberg, K. R. Jr.

275

Controlled growth of carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Terrones Controlled growth of carbon nanotubes R. Vajtai 1 B. Q. Wei 2 P. M. Ajayan...Rouge, LA 70803-5901, USA Carbon nanotubes have extraordinary mechanical and electronic...state-of-the-art account of tailored nanotube growth. To provide these properties...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

CALIFORNIA SMART GROWTH ENERGY SAVINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(particularly autos) comprises a large share of total energy consumption, its reduction through more compact in transportation energy consumption resulting from Smart Growth planning. Since energy consumed by transportationCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CALIFORNIA SMART GROWTH ENERGY SAVINGS MPO SURVEY FINDINGS SEPTEMBER

277

The importance of population growth in future commercial energy consumption  

SciTech Connect

This paper estimates the contribution of population growth to commercial energy consumption, which is considered a major cause of increases in air pollution and greenhouse gases. This paper first summarizes some of the recent estimates of future energy use developed by well-known models. It then develops several alternative scenarios that use different assumptions about population growth and energy use per capita for 122 countries for the years 2020 and 2050. It calculates the relative contribution of population growth to the change in total commercial energy use and demonstrates the sensitivity of the results to different assumptions. Individual country data are separately summed to totals for more-developed countries (MDCs) and less-developed countries (LDCs). Under a business as usual scenario for both MDCs and LDCs, population growth is important, but not the most important factor, in future increases in global energy consumption. Analysis of other scenarios shows that while slower population growth always contributes to a slowing of future global energy consumption, such changes are not as effective as reductions in per capita commercial energy use. Calculations on a global basis are made in two ways: from global aggregates and by summing individual country data. Comparison of the results shows that the first method is misleading because of the heterogeneity of population growth rates and energy consumption rates of individual countries. The tentative conclusions reached in this paper are only small pieces of a much larger puzzle. More work needs to be done to better understand the dynamics of these relationships before the analysis is extended to the broader questions of population growth and environmental change.

Kolsrud, G. [Congress, Washington, DC (United States); Torrey, B.B. [Bureau of the Census, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

278

Annual World Oil Demand Growth  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Following relatively small increases of 1.3 million barrels per day in 1999 and 0.9 million barrels per day in 2000, EIA is estimating world demand may grow by 1.6 million barrels per day in 2001. Of this increase, about 3/5 comes from non-OECD countries, while U.S. oil demand growth represents more than half of the growth projected in OECD countries. Demand in Asia grew steadily during most of the 1990s, with 1991-1997 average growth per year at just above 0.8 million barrels per day. However, in 1998, demand dropped by 0.3 million barrels per day as a result of the Asian economic crisis that year. Since 1998, annual growth in oil demand has rebounded, but has not yet reached the average growth seen during 1991-1997. In the Former Soviet Union, oil demand plummeted during most of the

279

Ion-beam-induced epitaxial vapor-phase growth: A molecular-dynamics study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low-energy ions which bombard a vapor-deposited film of low adatom mobility during growth mobilize surface atoms in the vicinity of the ion impact, causing a modification in the evolving microstructure. In a two-dimensional molecular-dynamics simulation where inert-gas ions strike a growing film of Lennard-Jones particles, it is demonstrated that ion bombardment during growth causes the filling of voids quenched in during vapor condensation and induces homoepitaxial growth. The dependence of film density and degree of homoepitaxial growth on the ion-to-vapor arrival rate ratio and ion energy is studied in detail.

Karl-Heinz Müller

1987-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

280

A benchmarking of silane, disilane and dichlorosilane for the low temperature growth of group IV layers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a 300 mm industrial Reduced Pressure–Chemical Vapour Deposition tool we have assessed the advantages and drawbacks of disilane for the low temperature growth of Si and SiGe. Four distinct regions can be noticed on the Arrhenius plot of the Si growth rate at 2660 Pa (i.e. 20 Torr) from Si2H6 as a function of the reverse growth temperature. For T > 850 °C, we are in the high temperature, Si precursor supply-limited regime (as with SiH4). For T ? 850 °C, the situation is more complicated, with the presence of a growth rate “plateau” between 575 °C and 675 °C (not present for SiH4 or SiH2Cl2), surrounded by domains where the Si growth rate increases with the temperature at different rates (Ea = 1.39 eV (T > 675 °C) ? Ea = 2.30 eV (T disilane are generally of high crystalline quality, however moderate Si2H6 mass-flows should be used in the growth rate plateau, in order to avoid the formation of defective Si.

J.M. Hartmann; V. Benevent; J.F. Damlencourt; T. Billon

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Exploring growth kinetics of carbon nanotube arrays by in situ optical diagnostics and modeling  

SciTech Connect

Simple kinetic models of carbon nanotube growth have been able to successfully link together many experimental parameters involved in the growth of carbon nanotubes for practical applications including the prediction of growth rates, terminal lengths, number of walls, activation energies, and their dependences on the growth environment. The implications of recent experiments utilizing in situ monitoring of carbon nanotube growth on our past kinetic model are first reviewed. Then, sub-second pulsed feedstock gas introduction is discussed to explore the nucleation and initial growth of carbon nanotubes in the context of the kinetic model. Moreover, kinetic effects in "pulsed CVD" - using repeated pulsed gas introduction to stop and restart nanotube growth - are explored to understand renucleation, the origin of alignment in nanotube arrays, and incremental growth. Time-resolved reflectivity of the surface is used to remotely understand the kinetics of nucleation and the coordinated growth of arrays. This approach demonstrates that continuous vertically aligned single wall carbon nanotubes can be grown incrementally by pulsed CVD, and that the first exposure of fresh catalyst to feedstock gas is critical to nanotubes site density required for coordinated growth. Aligned nanotube arrays (as short as 60 nm) are shown to nucleate and grow within single, sub-second gas pulses. The multiple-pulse growth experiments (> 100 pulses) show that a high fraction of nanotubes renucleate on subsequent gas pulses.

Puretzky, Alexander A [ORNL] [ORNL; Geohegan, David B [ORNL] [ORNL; Pannala, Sreekanth [ORNL] [ORNL; Rouleau, Christopher [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandRateStructure/Tier4Rate | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rate" Rate" Showing 13 pages using this property. 4 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 +, 6 +, 3 +, ... 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 6 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 3 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 7 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 8 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 6 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 6 + E E40880ac-c27b-4cbf-a011-b0d7d6e10fe9 + 1 + E40880ac-c27b-4cbf-a011-b0d7d6e10fe9 + 1 + E40880ac-c27b-4cbf-a011-b0d7d6e10fe9 + 1 + Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandRateStructure/Tier4Rate&oldid=53975

283

Growth Energetics of Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The growth energetics of carbon nanotubes during arc discharge conditions are investigated. Ab initio molecular dynamics calcualtions show that the electric field alone cannot stabilize the growth of open metallic tubes. The addition of atoms and small clusters to tubes were studied using realistic atomic potentials. Deposition on tubes narrower than Å3 nm leads to nucleation of curved defects (adjacent pentagon pairs) and eventual tube closure, while deposition on wider tubes favors the formation of hexagons and isolated pentagons, thereby promoting open-ended growth.

A. Maiti; C. J. Brabec; C. M. Roland; J. Bernholc

1994-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

284

Advertising Rates from May 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advertising Rates from May 2012 Abitrich INSIDE: NEW LIFTOUT Isausedluxurycar worththerisk? Page8 May 5, 2012 #12;1 MODULE WIDE DRIVE TABLOID ADVERTISING SIZES VALID FROM MAY 2012 2 MODULES WIDE 8 3pm Thursday Display Phoned Bookings and AdOnline Noon Thursday Noon Thursday Display Advertising

Peters, Richard

285

1993 Wholesale Power and Transmission Rate Schedules.  

SciTech Connect

Bonneville Power Administration 1993 Wholesale Power Rate Schedules and General Rate Schedule Provisions and 1993 Transmission Rate Schedules and General Transmission Rate Schedule Provisions, contained herein, were approved on an interim basis effective October 1, 1993. These rate schedules and provisions were approved by the Federal Energy Commission, United States Department of Energy, in September, 1993. These rate schedules and provisions supersede the Administration`s Wholesale Power Rate Schedules and General Rate Schedule Provisions and Transmission Rate Schedules and General Transmission Rate Schedule Provisions effective October 1, 1991.

US Bonneville Power Administration

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Growth and energy budgets of green and red type sea cucumbers Apostichopus japonicus (Selenka) under different light colors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Under white, red, yellow, green and blue light the growth performances and energy budgets of the red type and the green type sea cucumbers Apostichopus japonicus were studied in order to understand their adaptability to different light spectra. The results showed that the growth rates of both types of A. japonicus were influenced significantly by light spectra. The growth rate of the red type in yellow light treatment was significantly greater than those in other light color treatments; however, for the green type similar growth rates were detected in yellow, white and blue light treatments. Resulting from wasting less energy in feces under yellow light deposited more energy to growth, however, for the green type in yellow light more energy to growth was gained by spending less energy in respiration and ammonia excretion as well. The minimum growth rates for both types of sea cucumbers occurred in green light treatment. The difference in food conversion efficiencies between the red type and the green type resulted in the difference in growth rates between both types of sea cucumbers in green light treatment.

Jie Bao; Hongbo Jiang; Xiangli Tian; Shuanglin Dong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Top seeded growth and joining of bulk YBCO.  

SciTech Connect

We report (i) systematic studies of the growth rate for melt textured YBCO, (ii) top seeding growth techniques to determine the minimum seed size, and (iii) joining techniques for melt textured YBCO, enabling the fabrication of large single domain structures of arbitrary shape. Seeded growth of YBCO occurs in a narrow temperature window about 20 C below the peritectic decomposition temperature. Successful top seeding depends on the size of the NdBCO seed crystal. Small seeds are eventually dissolved in the melt before nucleation occurs, while large seeds regularly produce single domain monoliths. Joining techniques based on seeding of low melting point Tm123/Y211 filler material by neighboring YBCO are described. Magneto-optical images of the YBCO/TmBCO/YBCO assembly show no detectable penetration of magnetic field at the joints.

Zheng, H.; Veal, B. W.; Paulikas, A.; Nikolova, R.; Welp, U.; Claus, H.; Crabtree, G. W.

1999-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

288

Transient Requirement for Prolactin as a Growth Initiator following Treatment of Autonomous Nb2 Node Rat Lymphoma Cell Cultures with Butyrate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...promote their maximal growth rate, i.e., about 3 and 500...5-W argon laser (Spectra-Physics, Mountain View, CA). Laser...interference and 630 nm long-pass filter. All samples were gated...concentrations on the growth rates of the lactogen-dependent...

Peter W. Gout

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Bacterial Growth H. L. Smith  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bacterial Growth H. L. Smith 1 Simple Models Bacteria are the dominant form of life on the planet the concentration of the nutrient in the media (grams/liter) and N(t) de

Smith, Hal

290

Parameterized Beyond-Einstein Growth  

SciTech Connect

A single parameter, the gravitational growth index gamma, succeeds in characterizing the growth of density perturbations in the linear regime separately from the effects of the cosmic expansion. The parameter is restricted to a very narrow range for models of dark energy obeying the laws of general relativity but can take on distinctly different values in models of beyond-Einstein gravity. Motivated by the parameterized post-Newtonian (PPN) formalism for testing gravity, we analytically derive and extend the gravitational growth index, or Minimal Modified Gravity, approach to parameterizing beyond-Einstein cosmology. The analytic formalism demonstrates how to apply the growth index parameter to early dark energy, time-varying gravity, DGP braneworld gravity, and some scalar-tensor gravity.

Linder, Eric; Linder, Eric V.; Cahn, Robert N.

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

291

Lid for improved dendritic web growth  

SciTech Connect

A lid for a susceptor in which a crystalline material is melted by induction heating to form a pool or melt of molten material from which a dendritic web of essentially a single crystal of the material is pulled through an elongated slot in the lid and the lid has a pair of generally round openings adjacent the ends of the slot and a groove extends between each opening and the end of the slot. The grooves extend from the outboard surface of the lid to adjacent the inboard surface providing a strip contiguous with the inboard surface of the lid to produce generally uniform radiational heat loss across the width of the dendritic web adjacent the inboard surface of the lid to reduce thermal stresses in the web and facilitate the growth of wider webs at a greater withdrawal rate.

Duncan, Charles S. (Penn Hills, PA); Kochka, Edgar L. (Greentree, PA); Piotrowski, Paul A. (Monroeville, PA); Seidensticker, Raymond G. (Forest Hills, PA)

1992-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

292

Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the expansion history dark energy equation of state,and growth history constraints on the dark energy equationand growth history constraints on the dark energy equation

Linder, Eric V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Camptothecine, a selective plant growth regulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Camptothecine, a selective plant growth regulator ... The literature documents several hundred plant products that appear to exhibit growth-regulating activity. ...

J. George Buta; Joseph F. Worley

1976-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Penetration and Growth Rates of Mobile Phones in Developing Countries: An Analytical Classification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This brief paper uses a simple arithmetic framework to classify and explain the performance of developing countries in closing the absolute digital divide. Four categories are created on the basis of two variable...

Jeffrey James

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

A determination of in vivo growth rates for Perkinsus marinus, a parasite of Crassostrea virginica  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incorporation Experiment 1 was performed to determine if sH-thymidine could penetrate the P. mari nus cell membrane. Each of 24 oysters was notched and injected with 20 pCi of sH-thymidine. The time course for this experiment required incubation times of 1, 2... incorporation Experiment 1 was performed to determine if sH-thymidine could penetrate the P. mari nus cell membrane. Each of 24 oysters was notched and injected with 20 pCi of sH-thymidine. The time course for this experiment required incubation times of 1, 2...

Saunders, Georgianna L

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

296

Effect of vitamin E and thiamin supplementation on growth rate of the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Webb, S. C. Manolis and P. 3. Whitehead (eds), Surrey Beatty and Sons Pty Limited. Chipping Norton, NSW, Australia. 552pp. Joanen, T. & McNease, L. (1987a) Alligator farming and research in Louisiana, USA. pp. 329-340 in Wildlife Managemen...L' Crocodiles and Alligators. G J. W. Webb, S. C. Manolis, and P. 3. Whitehead (eds), Surrey Beatty and Sons Pty Limited, Chipping Norton, NSW, Australia. 552pp. Joanen, T. & McNease, L. (1987b) Alligator farming research in Louisiana. Proceedings of a...

Swart, Jonathan Edward

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

297

Effects of pre-feedlot growth rate on carcass composition and meat tenderness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 6 Simple correlation coefficients among sarcomere length (SARC), calpastatin activity (CA), total collagen (TC), soluble collagen (SC), Warner-Bratzler Shear force (WBS), marbling, pasture ADG (PAST), feedlot ADG (FDLT), juiciness (JUIC...

Brigman, Ivan Todd

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

The rate of germination and growth of certain range grasses under experimental conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rap. 200 R. F. 8)1 No. of Samples Height Depth ~ 73 Above- ground It. Nas. Relow- ground b't. Nas. Root- shoot Ratio , 003 1. 667 No. of Samples Height 1. 8t 1, 88 Above- ground '( to gas ~ . 007 ~ 002 . 011 Relow- ground Wti... Rap. 200 R. F. 8)1 No. of Samples Height Depth ~ 73 Above- ground It. Nas. Relow- ground b't. Nas. Root- shoot Ratio , 003 1. 667 No. of Samples Height 1. 8t 1, 88 Above- ground '( to gas ~ . 007 ~ 002 . 011 Relow- ground Wti...

Oxnam, Herbert Richard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

299

Enhanced Thermostability of Arabidopsis Rubisco Activase Improves Photosynthesis and Growth Rates under Moderate Heat Stress  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...et al., 2004). To date, it has not proven possible to engineer higher-plant Rubisco with improved carboxylation activity...intensification of cereal production systems: Yield potential, soil quality, and precision agriculture. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA...

Itzhak Kurek; Thom Kai Chang; Sean M. Bertain; Alfredo Madrigal; Lu Liu; Michael W. Lassner; Genhai Zhu

2007-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

300

Adenine Nucleotide Transport in Hepatoma Mitochondria and Its Correlation with Hepatoma Growth Rates and Tumor Size  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...inhibitors or the mitochondria! energy state. Internal Adenine Nucleotide...low levels of adenine nucleo tides in hepatoma mitochondria became...indeed represent a higher binding energy with a consequent lower transport...inhibitors of adenine nucleo tide and electron transport increase...

Randall L. Barbour and Samuel H. P. Chan

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Maximal Sum of Metabolic Exchange Fluxes Outperforms Biomass Yield as a Predictor of Growth Rate of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that the nominal bound on biomass (set at 5% of maximum) is not necessary for the performance of SUMEX are not simply due to the particular bounds we chose, we performed a sensitivity analysis. This test revealed bounds of 1000). A sensitivity analysis was done to determine if these bounds affected the performance

Ruppin, Eytan

302

Relationship Between Energy Substrate Utilization and Specific Growth Rate in Aspergillus nidulans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...vol. 1, Academic Press Inc., New York. 13. Pirt, S. J. 1965. The maintenance energy of bacteria in growing cultures...analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. VOL. 108, 1971 313

B. L. A. Carter; A. T. Bull; S. J. Pirt; B. I. Rowley

1971-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Human Disturbance Influences Reproductive Success and Growth Rate in California Sea Lions (Zalophus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Zalophus californianus) in the Gulf of California, Mexico. Increased human presence was associated that explicitly consider the potential impact of human activities such as ecotourism on vertebrate populations

Gerber, Leah R.

304

Scales, growth rates and spectral fluxes of baroclinic instability in the ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and debated (Large et al. 1991; Stammer and Wunsch 1999) that stochastic wind forcing can generate the mid by an interaction between interior quasi- geostrophic potential vorticity (QGPV) gradients, with a zero crossing), grow more slowly (e-folding scale of a few weeks), and owe their existence to the interaction

Smith, K. Shafer

305

E-Print Network 3.0 - assemblage growth rate Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

structure of species composition in related assemblages, with the ... Source: Poulin, Robert - Department of Zoology, University of Otago; Roche, Benjamin - School of...

306

Speed over efficiency: locusts select body temperatures that favour growth rate over efficient nutrient utilization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...activity bouts) were analysed by Kruskal-Wallis and Jonckheere-Terpstra tests...detected upon selected temperature (Kruskal-Wallis test, chi 2 = 7.983; d...significantly by temperature (Kruskal-Wallis test, chi 2 = 2.223; d...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

The relationship between the dissolved inorganic carbon concentration and growth rate in marine phytoplankton  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1986; Colman 1991; Badger & Price 1992). The acclimation of...basis of CCMs (Colman 1991; Price et al. 1998). Phytoplankton...acclimation process (Badger & Price 1994; Mitchell & Beardall 1996...which three polytetra uoro- ethylene (Te on) tubes were passed...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Early nutrition and phenotypic development: ‘catch-up’ growth leads to elevated metabolic rate in adulthood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...acids can be used as energy precursors as well...contributor to overall energy costs (Hulbert Else...to have a longer average lifespan (Jackson...description of diets). Energy consumption is shown per g of...licences from the UK Home Office and were approved...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Abstract--The growth rate of Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) pups was  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at Galveston 5007 Avenue U Galveston, Texas 77551 Present address: 97A Lowell Ave. Newton, Massachusetts, Washington 98115 Randall W. Davis Department of Marine Biology Texas A&M University at Galveston 5007 Avenue U Galveston, Texas 77551 E-mail address (for R. W. Davis, contact author): davisr@tamug.edu Sea

310

Energy content at metamorphosis and growth rate of the early juvenile barnacle Balanus amphitrite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Due to an unfortunate error the Tukey’s groups were not underlined in Tables 3, 4 and 5. The correct tables are printed below. Table 3 ...

V. Thiyagarajan; T. Harder; Jian-Wen Qiu; Pei-Yuan Qian

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Energy content at metamorphosis and growth rate of the early juvenile barnacle Balanus amphitrite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energetic cost of metamorphosis in cyprids of the barnacle Balanus amphitrite...Darwin was estimated by quantification of lipid, carbohydrate and protein contents. About 38–58% (4–5 mJ...?1) of cypris energy ...

V. Thiyagarajan; T. Harder; Jian-Wen Qiu; Pei-Yuan Qian

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Plant Growth-Rate Dependence of Detrital Carbon Storage in Ecosystems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...VEGETATION OF A SUB-ARCTIC SALT-MARSH, JOURNAL OF APPLIED...RELATIONSHIPS OF MAMMALS OF A DESERT SHRUB (LARREA-TRIDENTATA...PRODUCTIVITY IN A GEORGIA SALT-MARSH, JOURNAL OF PHYCOLOGY...CHAPARRAL AND COASTAL SAGE SCRUB OF SOUTHERN-CALIFORNIA...M., ENERGY-FLOW IN SALT-MARSH ECOSYSTEM OF GEORGIA...

Just Cebrián; Carlos M. Duarte

1995-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

313

Hydrogen isotope fractionation in freshwater and marine algae: II. Temperature and nitrogen limited growth rate effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen isotope fractionation in freshwater and marine algae: II. Temperature and nitrogen limited Accepted 7 November 2008 Available online 17 November 2008 a b s t r a c t Zhang and Sachs [Hydrogen. Introduction Hydrogen isotope ratios in plant and algal lipids from sediments are increasingly used

Sachs, Julian P.

314

Transcriptomic Insights into the Physiology of Aspergillus niger Approaching a Specific Growth Rate of Zero  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...TOC) analyzer (TOC-Vcsn; Shimadzu, Japan), using glucose as a standard. Extracellular...Fig. 2 A). The severe carbon and energy limitation of retentostat cultivation...downregulated during severe carbon and energy limitation. Strikingly, 83 of the commonly...

Thomas R. Jørgensen; Benjamin M. Nitsche; Gerda E. Lamers; Mark Arentshorst; Cees A. van den Hondel; Arthur F. Ram

2010-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

315

Trophic interactions and population growth rates: describing patterns and identifying mechanisms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...discover that this selective predation does two things to the grouse population. First...equilibrium levels. predation by humans does not appear to be stabilizing the population...Hudson, P. J. & Newborn, D. 1995 A handbook of grouse and moorland management. Fordingbridge...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Initial Studies Toward Real-Time Transmission Path Rating  

SciTech Connect

Demand continues to increase while transmission line construction is being constrained by multiple factors— economic, environmental, and political. Effective and efficient utilization of transmission lines is thus of great importance in an open access environment. Large blocks of power are transferred from areas with inexpensive generation to heavy load demand areas or areas with high generation costs. This results in some transmission paths being loaded closer to their path ratings, which limits further power transfer between areas. Traditionally, rating of important paths was determined off line by assuming the worst-case study scenario; once determined, it could be used for years. With increasing uncertainty arising from rapid growth of renewable energy and smart technologies, path rating studies are needed in near-real time to account for the latest system status and support a reliable and economic power grid. This paper adopts a simplified procedure based on standards of the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to determine total transfer capability (TTC) or transfer limit for the purpose of demonstrating the benefits and necessity of real-time path rating. Initial studies are conducted to compute TTC of a two-area test system and a 39-bus test system. Results indicate that path rating can be significantly affected by loading conditions, generator schedules, system topology and other factors.

Singh, Ruchi; Diao, Ruisheng; Cai, Niannian; Huang, Zhenyu; Tuck, Brian; Guo, Xinxin

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

317

Dynamic and rate-dependent yielding in model cohesive suspensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental system has been found recently, a coagulated CaCO3 suspension, that shows very different yield behaviour depending upon how it is tested and at what rate it is strained. At P\\'eclet number Pe > 1 it behaves as a simple Herschel Bulkley liquid, whereas at Pe testing it shows hysteresis and shear-banding and in the usual type of sweep used to measure flow curves in controlled stress mode routinely, it shows very erratic and irreproducible behaviour. All of these features can be attributed to a dependence of yield stress on rate of strain. Stress growth curves obtained from step strain-rate testing showed that the rate-dependence of the yield stress was a consequence of rate-dependent strain-softening. At very low Pe yield was cooperative and the yield strain was order-one, whereas as the Pe approached unity, the yield strain reduced to that needed to break interparticle bonds and the yield stress decayed to a minimal value. For example, at 40%v/v it dropped from ca. 200 Pa to testing by a range of means and along lines suggested.

Richard Buscall; Peter J Scales; Anthony D Stickland; Hui-En Teo; Tiara E Kusuma; Daniel R Lester

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

2ela,~.~erlupon roceipt but intended fo1?use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jruluttry 15, 1932 By Charles Pitzhugh Talman, Authority on Meteorology, CLXUTIC TEIPER"TS Our forefathers

319

MEMORANDUM FO~~~ ATE DIRECTORS FROM:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Support Office (PMSO) with adequate project management requirements, processes and procedures defined to enable continued project success; * Has an on-going active capital...

320

College of Engineering Newsletter -Spirit fo Helios Spring 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-source power station." The "windmill" Yeh refers to is the Franklin Vertical Axis Wind Turbine installed of Engineering Technology wants to demonstrate how the university can be energy-independent. "The windmill

Berdichevsky, Victor

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rate Rate Escalations to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Greenhouse Gases Water Efficiency Basics Federal Requirements Best Management Practices Analysis and Evaluation Water Rate Escalations Evaluation Service Contracts Case Studies Resources

322

Implications for ACOs of Variations in Spending Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Medicare Pioneer and Shared Savings Accountable Care Organization (ACO) programs offer health care provider organizations contracts with Medicare whereby the organizations assume financial risk and are rewarded for providing high-quality care at lower cost. ACO spending targets will be determined... Since the spending targets in Medicare's new accountable care organization (ACO) programs are being set on the basis of national, rather than local, rates of spending growth, ACOs could gain or lose financially without altering their delivery of care.

McWilliams J.M.; Song Z.

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

323

conference rates Summer 2014 Policy Statement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conference rates Summer 2014 Policy Statement University Catering and Conferences is an auxiliary and organizations holding education- ally related meetings and events on campus. conference rateS (all rates are per occupies, including lounge. Conference staff available for assistance 24 hours per day. Room-only rates

Oregon, University of

324

conference rates Summer 2013 Policy Statement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conference rates Summer 2013 Policy Statement University Catering and Conferences is an auxiliary and organizations holding education- ally related meetings and events on campus. conference rateS (all rates are per occupies, including lounge. Conference staff available for assistance 24 hours per day. Room-only rates

Oregon, University of

325

Interviewer's ratings of personality: can these ratings predict job performance?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Goldberg, 1993a; Guastello, 1993; McCrae k Costa, 1985; McCrae & John, 1992) has been about the validity of the five-factor model as a measure of personality; in other words, does the model truly capture all traits of personality? The five-factor model...; Goldberg, 1981; McCrae & Costa, 1987; McCrae & John, 1992; Peabody & Goldberg, 1989). Tupes and Christal (1958, 1992) were the first to look at peer ratings of personality in a variety of samples. Although these samples varied in length and kind...

Archuleta, Kathryn Diane

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

326

Growth of monodisperse mesoscopic metal-oxide colloids under constant monomer supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In closed systems, control over the size of monodisperse metal-oxide colloids is generally limited to submicrometric dimensions. To overcome this difficulty, we explore the formation and growth of silica particles under constant monomer supply. The monomer source is externally driven by the progressive addition into the system of one of the precursors. Monodisperse spherical particles are produced up to a mesoscopic size. We analyze their growth versus the monomer addition rate at different temperatures. Our results show that in the presence of a continuous monomer addition, growth is limited by diffusion over the investigated temporal window. Using the temperature variation of the growth rate, we prove that rescaling leads to a data reduction onto a single master curve. Contrary to the growth process, the final particle’s size reached after the end of the reagent supply strongly depends on the addition rate. The variation of the final particle size versus addition rate can be deduced from an analogy with crystal formation in jet precipitation. Within this framework, and using the temperature dependences of both the particle growth law and the final size, we determine the value of the molecular heat of dissolution associated to the silica solubility. These observations support the fact that classical theories of phase-ordering dynamics can be extended to the synthesis of inorganic particles. The emergence of a master behavior in the presence of continuous monomer addition also suggests the extension of these theories to open systems.

Koh Nozawa; Marie-Hélène Delville; Hideharu Ushiki; Pascal Panizza; Jean-Pierre Delville

2005-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

327

Relationship between Intracellular Phosphate, Proton Motive Force, and Rate of Nongrowth Energy Dissipation (Energy Spilling) in Streptococcus bovis JB1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...acetate, formate, and ethanol; and the energy-spilling rate decreased...acetate, formate, and ethanol (ratio of 1 to 2 to...utilize Trypticase as an energy source for growth...acetate, formate, and ethanol; and the energy-spilling rate decreased...

Daniel R. Bond; James B. Russell

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

P-D Project Rate Adjustment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Parker-Davis Project Rate Adjustment Data Parker-Davis Project Rate Adjustment Data FY2014 Informal Customer Meeting Notification of Meeting Presentation Preliminary CAS Preliminary Rate Design Preliminary PRS Final Documents Notification of Rates Final CAS Final Rate Design Final PRS FY2013 Informal Customer Meeting Notification of Meeting Presentation Preliminary CAS Preliminary Rate Design Preliminary PRS Supplemental Information Final Documents Notification of Rates Final CAS Final Rate Design Final PRS FY2012 Informal Customer Meeting Notification of Meeting Presentation Preliminary CAS Preliminary Rate Design Preliminary PRS Customer Requested Scenario Final Documents Notification of Rates Final CAS Final Rate Design Final PRS FY2011 Informal Customer Meeting Notification of Meeting Presentation Preliminary CAS Preliminary Rate Design

329

Disruption of the FATB Gene in Arabidopsis Demonstrates an Essential Role of Saturated Fatty Acids in Plant Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...perhaps signaling roles for cell growth. First, sphingoid...Second, in epidermal cells, saturates (16:0...exported from the plastid to fuel glycerolipid synthesis...essential lipids for cell growth (Wells and Lester...synthase or lipid turnover/degradation rates or a combination...

Gustavo Bonaventure; Joaquin J. Salas; Michael R. Pollard; John B. Ohlrogge

2003-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

330

STUDY OF FROST GROWTH ON HEAT EXCHANGERS USED AS OUTDOOR COILS IN AIR SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STUDY OF FROST GROWTH ON HEAT EXCHANGERS USED AS OUTDOOR COILS IN AIR SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS OF FROST GROWTH ON HEAT EXCHANGERS USED AS OUTDOOR COILS IN AIR SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS Dissertation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 3.5.3 Air Side Heat Transfer Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 3.5.4 Fluid Side Heat

331

Characteristics of fine particle growth events observed above a forested  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Characteristics of fine particle growth events observed above a forested Characteristics of fine particle growth events observed above a forested ecosystem in the Sierra Nevada Mountains of California Title Characteristics of fine particle growth events observed above a forested ecosystem in the Sierra Nevada Mountains of California Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2006 Authors Lunden, Melissa M., Douglas R. Black, Megan McKay, Kenneth L. Revzan, Allen H. Goldstein, and Nancy J. Brown Journal Aerosol Science and Technology Volume 40 Start Page 373 Issue 5 Pagination 373-388 Date Published 02/2006 ISSN 0278-6826 (Print), 1521-7388 (Online) Abstract Atmospheric aerosols from natural and anthropogenic processes have both primary and secondary origins, and can influence human health, visibility, and climate. One key process affecting atmospheric concentrations of aerosols is the formation of new particles and their subsequent growth to larger particle sizes. A field study was conducted at the Blodgett Forest Research Station in the Sierra Nevada Mountains of California from May through September of 2002 to examine the effect of biogenic volatile organic compounds on aerosol formation and processing. The study included in-situ measurements of concentration and biosphere-atmosphere flux of VOCs, ozone, aerosol size distribution, aerosol physical and optical properties, and meteorological variables. Fine particle growth events were observed on approximately 30 percent of the 107 days with complete size distribution data. Average particle growth rates measured during these events were 3.8 ± 1.9 nm hr-1. Correlations between aerosol properties, trace gas concentrations, and meteorological measurements were analyzed to determine conditions conducive to fine particle growth events. Growth events were typically observed on days with a lesser degree of anthropogenic influence, as indicated by lower concentrations of black carbon, carbon monoxide, and total aerosol volume. Days with growth events also had lower temperatures, increased wind speeds, and larger momentum flux. Measurements of ozone concentrations and ozone flux indicate that gas phase oxidation of biogenic volatile organic compounds occur in the canopy, strongly suggesting that a significant portion of the material responsible for the observed particle growth are oxidation products of naturally emitted very reactive organic compounds.

332

Theory of carbon nanotube growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The kinetics of carbon nanotube growth under arc discharge conditions were investigated over different length and time scales using complementary numerical techniques. Relaxation by ab initio molecular dynamics (Car-Parrinello method) shows that large electric fields present at the tube tips are not the critical factor responsible for the open-ended growth observed experimentally. Classical molecular-dynamics simulations using realistic many-body carbon-carbon potentials show that wide tubes that are initially open can continue to grow straight and maintain an all-hexagonal structure. However, tubes narrower than a critical diameter, estimated to be about ?3 nm, readily nucleate curved, pentagonal structures that lead to tube closure with further addition of atoms. Very narrow tubes can be grown, however, if a small metal particle prevents tube closure. This effect was simulated explicitly by kinetic Monte Carlo methods. Monte Carlo simulations were also used to study nanotube growth over longer time scales. The resulting structures are in agreement with the above growth scenario, and provide an estimate for the lowest tube tip temperature necessary for the growth of nanotubes.

A. Maiti; C. J. Brabec; C. Roland; J. Bernholc

1995-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

333

BPA Power Rates (pbl/main)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

recover the costs of generating power and associated expenses. Beginning with the 2010 BPA Rate Case, Power Services and Transmission Services plan to conduct rate cases every...

334

Economic Growth and Development Economics 777  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Growth and Development Economics 777 July 18, 2008 Fall Semester 2008 Professor J. H. Mc of economic growth and development. We will analyze several different growth models and look at some recent empirical research. Text The text for this course is: Economic Growth (2nd Edition) by Robert J. Barro

Almor, Amit

335

Wholesale Power Rate Schedules | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Rate Schedules » Wholesale Power Rate Schedules Services » Rate Schedules » Wholesale Power Rate Schedules Wholesale Power Rate Schedules October 1, 2012 ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Energy Cooperative System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke On-System System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Central System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke Self-Schedulers System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 MISS-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: South Mississippi Electric Power Association

336

Wholesale Power Rate Schedules | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Rate Schedules » Wholesale Power Rate Schedules Services » Rate Schedules » Wholesale Power Rate Schedules Wholesale Power Rate Schedules October 1, 2012 ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Energy Cooperative System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke On-System System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Central System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke Self-Schedulers System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 MISS-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: South Mississippi Electric Power Association

337

utility rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

utility rate utility rate Home Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 17 May, 2013 - 11:14 Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live! API developer OpenEI update utility Utility Companies utility rate Utility Rates version 1 version 2 version 3 web service Smart meter After several months of development and testing, the next generation web service for the utility rate database is finally here! I encourage you to check out the V2 Utility Rates API at http://en.openei.org/services/doc/rest/util_rates Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 22 June, 2012 - 09:30 Increasing ask query limit developer utility rate An NREL user who is trying to use the utility rate service was having an issue. He writes "I noticed that any rates past 10,000 are not accessible via json. For example, this query only returns two entries:

338

Structural Change, the Real Exchange Rate, and the Balance of Payments in Mexico, 1960-2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structural Change, the Real Exchange Rate, and the Balance of Payments in Mexico, 1960-2012 Carlos structural changes in the composition of Mexico's trade and the parameters that affect it across five-of-payments constraint may account for the post-liberalization slowdown in Mexico's growth only during certain subperiods

Lansky, Joshua

339

Original article Increase of plasma eCG binding rate after  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article Increase of plasma eCG binding rate after administration of repeated high dose of eCG to cows Pierre V. DRIONa*, Rudy DE ROOVERb, Jean-Yves HOUTAINc, Edmond M. MCNAMARAd, Benoît chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) is still used to promote follicular growth in cat- tle and, more recently

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

340

Nonlinear structural crack growth monitoring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for the detection, through nonlinear manipulation of data, of an indicator of imminent failure due to crack growth in structural elements. The method is a process of determining energy consumption due to crack growth and correlating the energy consumption with physical phenomena indicative of a failure event. The apparatus includes sensors for sensing physical data factors, processors or the like for computing a relationship between the physical data factors and phenomena indicative of the failure event, and apparatus for providing notification of the characteristics and extent of such phenomena.

Welch, Donald E. (Oak Ridge, TN); Hively, Lee M. (Philadelphia, TN); Holdaway, Ray F. (Clinton, TN)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Poverty and income growth: measuring pro-poor growth in the case of Romania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper attempts to examine the extent to which income growth was beneficial to poverty reduction in Romania between the years 2000 and 2007. We build income growth incidence curves, both in absolute and relative terms, on the basis of mean individual ... Keywords: economic growth, growth incidence curve, income, inequality, poverty, pro-poor growth

Eva Militaru; Cristina Stroe

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Relation between stress heterogeneity and aftershock rate in the rate-and-state model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to explain Omori law, such as subcritical crack growth [Das and Scholz, 1981; Shaw, 1993], viscous relaxation

Shaw, Bruce E.

343

CRSP Transmission Sales Rate History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Updated: 12/20/2013 Updated: 12/20/2013 CRSP Transmission Sales Rate History Rate Schedule Effective Dates Nonfirm (Mills/kWh) Firm ($/kW-yr.) Firm ($/kW-mo.) None Through 3/83 1.000 $ 6.60 $0.55 SP-FT1 4/83 - 6/86 N.A. $10.27 $0.86 SP-NFT1 4/83 - 6/86 2.000 N.A. SP-FT2 7/86 - 6/89 N.A. $15.94 $1.33 SP-NFT2 7/86 - 7/89 3.100 N.A. SP-FT3 7/89 - 9/92 N.A. $21.72 $1.81 SP-NFT3 8/89 - 3/98 Mutually Agreed N.A. SP-FT4 10/92 - 3/98 N.A. $22.68 $1.89 SP-NFT4 4/98 - 3/03 Mutually Agreed N.A. SP-PTP5 4/98 - 3/99 N.A. $26.70 $2.23 4/99 - 3/00 N.A. $26.19 $2.18 4/00 - 3/01 N.A. $26.14 $2.18 4/01 - 3/02 N.A. $25.63 $2.14 4/02 - 9/02 N.A. $21.33 $1.78 SP-NFT5 10/02 - 9/07 Mutually Agreed N.A. 10/07-9/08 Mutually Agreed N.A. SP-PTP6 10/02 - 9/03 N.A. $24.72 $2.06

344

Combined Retrieval, Microphysical Retrievals and Heating Rates  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Microphysical retrievals and heating rates from the AMIE/Gan deployment using the PNNL Combined Retrieval.

Feng, Zhe

345

7, 29612989, 2007 Predicting arene rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

software or computing power. Measured gas-phase rate coefficients for the reaction of aromatic hydrocarbons

Boyer, Edmond

346

conference rates Summer 2012 Policy Statement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conference rates Summer 2012 Policy Statement University Catering and Conferences is an auxiliary holding educationally related meetings and events on campus. conference rateS (all rates are per person lounge. Barnhart Hall service includes private bathrooms/showers. Conference staff available

Oregon, University of

347

Characterization of elevated temperature crack growth in Hastelloy-X using integral parameters  

SciTech Connect

Linear elastic fracture mechanics approaches are not suitable for prediction of fatigue crack growth in the nonlinear regime at elevated temperatures. The objective of this paper is to investigate the ability of the integral parameters by Blackburn (J*), by Kishimoto et al. ({cflx J}), and by Atluri et al. ({Delta}Tp*, {Delta}Tp) to correlate crack growth data of Hastelloy-X at elevated temperatures under nominally elastic and nominally plastic loading. Crack growth is analyzed using a finite element method, and the integral parameters are computed from the results of analysis. The experimental crack growth rates are correlated with these parameters. It is found that J*, {cflx J}, and {Delta}Tp* can correlate crack growth data within an acceptable accuracy.

Kim, K.S. [Pohang Univ. of Science and Technology (Korea, Republic of). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Van Stone, R.H. [General Electric Aircraft Engines, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

The role of glucose in the growth of 9L multicell tumor spheroids  

SciTech Connect

Monolayer-cultured 9L rat brain tumor cells grew optimally in culture media containing glucose concentrations greater than 0.07 mg/ml, but growth ceased at concentrations lower than this value. Assuming that this glucose concentration defines the proliferating fraction of cells in 9L multicell tumor spheroids, it is possible to simulate spheroid growth based on the intraspheroid glucose distribution derived by the author earlier. An excellent fit to experimental growth data was obtained by assigning the proliferating fraction a growth rate constant equal to 40% of that of monolayer-cultured cells. This definition is in accord with our observation that the colony-forming efficiency (CFE) of spheroid-derived cells is 40% of the CFE of cells maintained in monolayer. This suggests that the role of glucose in 9L cell growth is similar in spheroids and in monolayer culture.

Li, C.K.N.

1982-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

349

Blue-Green Algae: Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... IT is well known that many species of algae fail to thrive in simple inorganic media and may be cultured with greater ease in ... organic materials such as soil extract1 2. These observations have promoted the suggestion that such algae may have requirements for growth factors, especially since many species are now known to ...

J. S. BUNT

1961-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

350

Graphene Growth and Device Integration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

screens, photonic applications, energy generation, and batteries [3], [12], [13]. The first graphene filmsINVITED P A P E R Graphene Growth and Device Integration This paper describes one of the emerging methods for growing grapheneVthe chemical vapor deposition methodVwhich is based on a catalytic reaction

351

Growth Kinetics in a Lattice-Gas Model with Anisotropic Jump Probabilities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The growth of the p(2×2) domains in the lattice-gas model with anisotropic probabilities of atomic jumps has been investigated using the Monte Carlo simulation. The analytical approach as well as the simulation results suggest that this model exhibits the anomalously slow growth of a characteristic domain size R(t)?t15 instead of R(t)?t13 for the jump-isotropic model. The growth rate as a function of the atomic concentration has a pronounced maximum at a concentration well below the stoichiometric concentration of the p(2×2) phase.

Oleg M. Braun and Maxim V. Paliy

1994-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

352

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/EnergyRateStructure/Tier5Rate | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rate" Rate" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 00c88d6d-e3b0-4128-ad3e-a93f686cf6e3 + 0.227 + 00c88d6d-e3b0-4128-ad3e-a93f686cf6e3 + 0.227 + 00c88d6d-e3b0-4128-ad3e-a93f686cf6e3 + 0.227 + 019be14c-4635-4529-af90-799cbf5d7865 + 0.0335 + 019be14c-4635-4529-af90-799cbf5d7865 + 0.0335 + 02b061e1-f065-421e-9ebc-76aef4734486 + 0.079 + 02b061e1-f065-421e-9ebc-76aef4734486 + 0.079 + 02fc76fd-35ff-44c3-bc85-1fb1918f125b + 0.0978 + 02fc76fd-35ff-44c3-bc85-1fb1918f125b + 0.0978 + 0402cc99-ab16-40cc-83e7-2c5910a825a1 + 0.061 + 0402cc99-ab16-40cc-83e7-2c5910a825a1 + 0.061 + 041466a9-81ca-4fce-90e3-e718159347a9 + 0.0587 +, 0.044 + 041466a9-81ca-4fce-90e3-e718159347a9 + 0.044 + 041466a9-81ca-4fce-90e3-e718159347a9 + 0.0587 + 047086c9-976d-4a05-90d5-b67afaf60851 + 0.0583 +

353

Condensed phase conversion and growth of nanorods and other materials instead of from vapor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Compositions, systems and methods are described for condensed phase conversion and growth of nanorods and other materials. A method includes providing a condensed phase matrix material; and activating the condensed phase matrix material to produce a plurality of nanorods by condensed phase conversion and growth from the condensed phase matrix material instead of from vapor. The compositions are very strong. The compositions and methods provide advantages because they allow (1) formation rates of nanostructures necessary for reasonable production rates, and (2) the near net shaped production of component structures.

Geohegan, David B. (Knoxville, TN); Seals, Roland D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Puretzky, Alex A. (Knoxville, TN); Fan, Xudong (Oak Ridge, TN)

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

354

Wholesale Power Rate Schedules | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Schedules Schedules Wholesale Power Rate Schedules October 1, 2011 CBR-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Big Rivers and Henderson, KY System: CU October 1, 2011 CSI-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Southern Illinois System: CU October 1, 2011 CK-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: KU Area System: CU October 1, 2011 CEK-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: East Kentucky System: CU October 1, 2011 CC-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: CP&L Area, Western Division System: CU September 20, 2011 JW-1-J Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Woodruff Preference Customer System: Jim Woodruff September 20, 2011 JW-2-F Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Florida Power Corporation System: Jim Woodruff November 17, 2010 AP-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: American Electric Power

355

1996 Wholesale Power and Transmission Rate Schedules.  

SciTech Connect

Bonneville Power Administration`s (BPA) 1996 Wholesale Power Rate Schedules, 1996 Ancillary Products and Services Rate Schedule, 1996 Transmission Rate Schedules, and General Rate Schedule Provisions, contained herein, were approved on an interim basis effective October 1, 1996. These rate schedules and provisions were approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), United States Department of Energy, in September 1996 (Docket Nos EF96-2011-000 and EF96f-2021-000). These rate schedules and General Rate Schedule Provisions were approved on a final basis by the FERC July 30, 1997, in Dept. of Energy--Bonneville Power Administration, Docket Nos. EF96-2011-000 and EF96-2021-000. Except as noted elsewhere, these 1996 rate schedules and provisions supersede BPA`s Wholesale Power Rate Schedules and General Rate Schedule Provisions, and Transmission Rate Schedules and General Transmission Rate Schedule Provisions, effective October 1, 1995. These rate schedules and general rate schedule provisions include all errata.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Strategy and Leadership in Growth Companies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High growth medium-size companies are important because they make a disproportionate contribution to economic growth, they are responsible for the creation of new employment, and they play a major role in the ...

B. Taylor; D. Hahn

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Stress corrosion crack growth in porous sandstones.   

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stress corrosion crack growth occurs when the chemical weakening of strained crack tip bonds facilitates crack propagation. I have examined the effect of chemical processes on the growth of a creack population by carrying out triaxial compression...

Ojala, Ira O

358

Chemical beam epitaxy growth of III–V semiconductor nanowires  

SciTech Connect

Indium- Arsenide (InAs) nanowires were grown in a high vacuum chemical beam epitaxy (CBE) unit on InAs(111) wafers substrates at 425–454°C. Two types of nanogold were used as orientation catalyst, 40nm and 80nm. The measurements were performed using scanning electron microscopy showed that uniform nanowires. The nanowires orient vertically in the InAs nanowire scanning electron microscopy of an array 80nm diameter InAs nanowire with length is in the range 0.5–1 ?m and of an array 40nm diameter with length is in the range 0.3–0.7?m. The nanowire length with growth time shows that the linear increase of nanowires start to grow as soon as TMIn is available. The growth rate with temperature was studied.

Mohummed Noori, Farah T. [University of Baghdad , College of science, Physics department , Jadiriya ,Baghdad (Iraq)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

359

Method for crystal growth control  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The growth of a crystalline body of a selected material is controlled so that the body has a selected cross-sectional shape. The apparatus is of the type which includes the structure normally employed in known capillary die devices as well as means for observing at least the portion of the surfaces of the growing crystalline body and the meniscus (of melt material from which the body is being pulled) including the solid/liquid/vapor junction in a direction substantially perpendicular to the meniscus surface formed at the junction when the growth of the crystalline body is under steady state conditions. The cross-sectional size of the growing crystalline body can be controlled by determining which points exhibit a sharp change in the amount of reflected radiation of a preselected wavelength and controlling the speed at which the body is being pulled or the temperature of the growth pool of melt so as to maintain those points exhibiting a sharp change at a preselected spatial position relative to a predetermined reference position. The improvement comprises reference object means positioned near the solid/liquid/vapor junction and capable of being observed by the means for observing so as to define said reference position so that the problems associated with convection current jitter are overcome.

Yates, Douglas A. (Burlington, MA); Hatch, Arthur E. (Waltham, MA); Goldsmith, Jeff M. (Medford, MA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

OpenEI Community - utility rate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rates API Rates API Version 2 is Live! http://en.openei.org/community/blog/utility-rates-api-version-2-live Smart meterAfter several months of development and testing, the next generation web service for the utility rate database is finally here! I encourage you to check out the V2 Utility Rates API at rates">http://en.openei.org/services/doc/rest/util_ratesrates-api-version-2-live" target="_blank">read more

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Utility Rate > Posts by term > Utility Rate Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: API Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry API The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated Rmckeel 6 Sep 2013 - 14:00 Blog entry API Lighting Electricity Rates on OpenEI Sfomail 31 May 2013 - 12:04 Blog entry API Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live! Sfomail 17 May 2013 - 11:14 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content There is currently no way to s... ranking of utilities by demand charge? FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank... The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated more Group members (28) Managers: Dloomis

362

Energy Efficiency Interest Rate Reduction Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Alaska Housing Finance Corporation (AHFC) offers interest rate reductions to home buyers purchasing new and existing homes with 5 Star and 5 Star Plus energy ratings. All homes constructed on...

363

Articulatory Rate, Stuttering and Speech Motor Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is a close relation between the rate of speech and stuttering. Struggle behaviors, abnormally repeated and prolonged sounds, and other stuttering behaviors naturally slow the rate of speech. Correlations be...

Barbara J. Amster; C. Woodruff Starkweather

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Stocking Rate: The Key Grazing Management Decision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stocking rate is the most important grazing management decision a rancher makes. This publication covers all the factors involved in determining an appropriate stocking rate, including rainfall and forage production, range condition, and the forage...

Lyons, Robert K.; Machen, Richard V.

2001-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

365

Low Bit Rate Digital Coding of Audio  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low bit rate digital coding, also known as perceptual coding, makes use of several psychoacoustical masking phenomena to reduce the bit rate required to transmit digital audio. The need for such te...

John M. Eargle

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE commercial building energy asset rating program information presented to stakeholders at the workshop held in Washington, DC, December 2011

367

Spontaneous Emission Rate Enhancement Using Optical Antennas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of  Spontaneous  Emission  in  a  Semiconductor  nanoLED,”  emission  rate  enhancement  using  the  Fluorescent  Emission  by  Lattice   Resonances  in  

Kumar, Nikhil

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #10 Category Rating  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This memorandum is to establish the Department of Energy's (DOE's) policy for the use of Category Rating.

369

Original article Growth stresses in tension wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article Growth stresses in tension wood: role of microfibrils and lignification T Okuyama the growth stress generation in the region of normal and tension woods. growth stress/ tension wood in normal and ten- sion wood. The compressive stress from the deposition of lignin controls the level

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

370

Variable accretion rates and fluffy first stars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......high accretion rate ( Mo yr1, M *= 10.35 Mo) as it passes through the spiral...45 Mo) as it passes through a less...The accretion rate of the orbiting...understand the physics of such an encounter...where the sinks pass within each others...high accretion rates. They show that......

Rowan J. Smith; Takashi Hosokawa; Kazuyuki Omukai; Simon C. O. Glover; Ralf S. Klessen

2012-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

371

Genetic and environmental factors affecting growth and reproduction characters of Morada Nova sheep in Northeastern Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Morada Nova sheep. Data were obtained from 1, 338 ewes and 989 lambs sired by 50 rams at the Iracema Farm ? EPACE ? Quixada, Ceaza, Brazil from 1979 to 1984. The growth traits studied were birth weight (BW), weaning weight (WW), and yearling weight... highly significant (P & . 01) effects on survival rates. Ewe lambs, single lambs, and lambs with heavier BW had better survival rates than ram, twin and lighter lambs, respec- tively, to weaning and to yearling ages. DEDICATION This thesis...

Fernandes, Antonio Amaury Oria

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

"Table 2. Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected Real GDP Growth Trend" " cumulative average percent growth in projected real GDP from first year shown...

373

Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Planning Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Growth Planning Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis, Technology characterizations Website http://www.gggi.org/project/ma Program Start 2011 Program End 2016 Country Cambodia, Ethiopia, Jordan, Peru, Thailand South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Africa, Western Asia, South America, South-Eastern Asia References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Cambodia Green Growth Planning[2] Overview "GGGI supports emerging and developing countries that seek to develop rigorous green growth economic development strategies. It does so by

374

Growth and elemental composition of sorghum sudangrass grown on flyash/organic waste-amended soils  

SciTech Connect

A greenhouse study was conducted to evaluate the potential benefitsof using fly ash/organic waste mixtures amended to soils for growth andcomposition of mineral elements by `sorgrass` (Sorghum vulgaris var.sudanense Hitchc.) a shorghum-sudangrass hybrid plant. This experimentwas conducted using a 1:1 ratio of fly ash to either sewage sludge,poultry manure, or dairy manure at six application rates. Our threeorganic wastes when mixed with fly ash at varied rates of applicationresulted in elevated concentrations of NO{sub 3}, P, K, Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe, B,Cu and Zn in both soil and plants. The data of this study indicated thatthe availability of elements to plants varied according to the organicsource mixed with fly ash and the rate of application. The elements Band Zn were observed to be significantly greater in plant tissuesexposed to fly ash/poultry manure or fly ash/dairy manure mixtures.Soils amended with fly ash/sewage sludge or poultry manure generallyimproved plant growth and enhanced yield when applied at rates of 25tons/acre, and decreased thereafter. However, soils amended with flyash/dairy manure improved plant growth and enhanced yield when appliedat rates upto 50 tons/acre and decreased thereafter. The decreases inyield beyond these application rates were probably due to theaccumulation of high levels of B and Zn which are phytotoxic and/orelevated levels of inorganic dissolved salts. 22 refs., 4 tabs.

Sajwan, K.S. [Savannah State College, GA (United States); Ornes, W.H.; Youngblood, T.V. [Univ. of South Carolina, Aiken, SC (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Definition: Emergency Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Emergency Rating Emergency Rating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Emergency Rating The rating as defined by the equipment owner that specifies the level of electrical loading or output, usually expressed in megawatts (MW) or Mvar or other appropriate units, that a system, facility, or element can support, produce, or withstand for a finite period. The rating assumes acceptable loss of equipment life or other physical or safety limitations for the equipment involved.[1] Related Terms rating References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Emergency_Rating&oldid=480317" Categories:

376

Water Rate Escalations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rate Escalations Rate Escalations Water Rate Escalations October 8, 2013 - 9:55am Addthis Federal agencies need accurate water cost escalation rates to perform life cycle cost analyses for water efficiency projects to meet Executive Order 13514 and Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 requirements. To estimate long-term escalation rates of potable water, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted an analysis. Using the trends from this study, Federal facility managers can select escalation rates from studied cities with similar circumstances to their facility locations such as U.S. region, water source, or drought tendencies. Also they can make more informed choices on possible water escalation rates that can be used in economic analysis of water efficiency projects.

377

Utility Rates | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rates Utility Rates Home Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 6 September, 2013 - 14:00 The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated API Utility Rates There comes a time in every API version's lifecycle when it needs to be deprecated. OpenEI's utility rate database version 1 API has been in use since the inception of the database in 2010. As Illinois State University has taken a commanding lead of the project and its data curation, we have updated the schema and API to version 2 to present a richer spectrum of utility rate data. Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 11 June, 2013 - 09:33 Tip for working with approvals on OpenEI EZFeed Utility Rates The "ApprovedRevs" extension is the feature on OpenEI that allows

378

Invisible sunspots and rate of solar magnetic flux emergence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the visibility of sunspots and its influence on observed values of sunspot region parameters. We use Virtual Observatory tools provided by AstroGrid to analyse a sample of 6862 sunspot regions. By studying the distributions of locations where sunspots were first and last observed on the solar disk, we derive the visibility function of sunspots, the rate of magnetic flux emergence and the ratio between the durations of growth and decay phases of solar active regions. We demonstrate that the visibility of small sunspots has a strong center-to-limb variation, far larger than would be expected from geometrical (projection) effects. This results in a large number of young spots being invisible: 44% of new regions emerging in the West of the Sun go undetected. For sunspot regions that are detected, large differences exist between actual locations and times of flux emergence, and the apparent ones derived from sunspot data. The duration of the growth phase of solar regions has been up to now underestimated.

S. Dalla; L. Fletcher; N. A. Walton

2008-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

379

Normal Growth of Range Cattle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR College Station, Brazos County, Texas BULLETIN NO. 409 MARCH, 1930 DIVISION OF RANGE ANIMAL HUSBANDRY - Lr9RARv' *n+!nmt">3~roql f', 44+lpl,9-' . 16' , ,, ..!c?! cq!!f?~c nt... of these special problems, the Texas Station presents in this Bulletin a study of the growth in weight and in measurements which actually took place in the calves born during nine years at Substation No. 14, the Ranch Experiment Station. This study so far has...

Lush, Jay L. (Jay Laurence)

1930-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Old growth and new forestry  

SciTech Connect

Concerns for ecosystems have spurred a rethinking of forest management practices. This paper reviews the current resource management practices of the timber industry and of the Menominee Indians of Wisconsin who have been practicing sustained management through selective harvest since 1854. The paper begins with a discussion of the definitions of old growth, snags, coarse woody debris, and riparian zones and the Congressional excesses of the past which are at least partly to blame for the situation in the timber industry of the Pacific Northwest.

Meadows, D.G.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Rayleigh-Taylor instability growth on low-density foam targets  

SciTech Connect

In recent laser fusion programs, foam cryogenic targets have been developed as promising targets which have a great potential to realize efficient nuclear fusion. The foam is porous plastic material having a microstructure inside. We observed the growth of the Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) instability on the foam target with initial surface perturbation for the first time. The measured RT growth rate on the foam target was clearly suppressed in comparison to that of normal-density polystyrene (CH) targets. The values of the RT growth rate for the low-density foam target and the normal-density CH target were 0.84{+-}0.15 (1/ns) and 1.33{+-}0.1 (1/ns), respectively.

Watari, T.; Nakai, M.; Azechi, H.; Sakaiya, T.; Shiraga, H.; Shigemori, K.; Fujioka, S.; Otani, K.; Nagai, K.; Sunahara, A.; Nagatomo, H.; Mima, K. [Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Yamada-Oka 2-6, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

382

Managing for late-successional/old-growth characteristics in northern hardwood-conifer forests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Managing for late-successional/old-growth characteristics in northern hardwood-conifer forests-successional forest habitats and functions is an important element of ecosystem management. This study tests the hypothesis that uneven-aged practices can be modified to accelerate rates of late-successional forest

Vermont, University of

383

A general model for effects of temperature on ectotherm ontogenetic growth and development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...earlier model for allocation of energy and biomass to growth on endotherms...new biomass and Q sto is energy stored in new biomass. To incorporate effects...and E d are the activation energies for biomass accumulation rate and development...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Growth process of vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes Erik EINARSSON, Tadao EDAMURA, Yoichi MURAKAMI,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

when the CVD chamber seal was sufficient (i.e. the rate of air the quality of the chamber vacuum seal, which also lead to thicker film growth. However, the exponential in air at 400 ºC, and then reduced under a flowing Ar/H2 mixture (3% H2) during heating of the CVD

Maruyama, Shigeo

385

Growth and virulence response of Salmonella typhimurium to soluble Maillard reaction products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: ________________________ ________________________ Steven C. Ricke Luc Berghman (Chair of Committee) (Member) ________________________ ________________________ J. Allen Byrd Randle Moore.... Ricke In order to determine the effects that Maillard Reaction Products (MRP) have on Salmonella Typhimurium, growth rates and virulence expression, in the presence of Maillard reaction products, were observed, using the ?? galactosidase Miller Assay...

Kundinger, Megan Mary

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

386

Isotopic Resonance Hypothesis: Experimental Verification by Escherichia coli Growth Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Isotopic composition of reactants affects the rates of chemical and biochemical reactions. As a rule, enrichment of heavy stable isotopes leads to slower reactions. But the recent isotopic resonance hypothesis suggests that the dependence of the reaction rate upon the enrichment degree is not monotonous; instead, at some resonance isotopic compositions, the kinetics increases, while at off resonance compositions the same reactions progress slower. To test the predictions of this hypothesis for the elements C, H, N and O, we designed a precise (standard error plus or minus 0.05%) experiment to measure the bacterial growth parameters in minimal media with varying isotopic compositions. A number of predicted resonance conditions were tested, which kinetic enhancements as strong as plus 3% discovered at these conditions. The combined evidence extremely strongly supports the existence of isotopic resonances. This phenomenon has numerous implications for the origin of life and astrobiology, and possible application...

Xie, Xueshu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

How stable is the export-led growth hypothesis? Evidence from Asia's Four Little Dragons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study re-investigates the export-led growth hypothesis for Asia's Four Little Dragons using cointegration and rolling causality analyses. Employing both bivariate (exports and GDP) and trivariate (exports, GDP and exchange rate) models, the study finds that exports and GDP are cointegrated for all the four economies, implying that there is a long run relationship between the variables. However, the rolling regression-based MWALD test shows that export-led growth in each of the four economies is not stable over their respective period of analysis. Instead of export, policymakers should start to search for alternative catalyst of growth to continuously as well as effectively promote long-term economic growth in the Four Little Dragon economies.

Chor Foon Tang; Yew Wah Lai; Ilhan Ozturk

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Apparatus for monitoring crystal growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method are disclosed for monitoring the growth of a crystalline body from a liquid meniscus in a furnace. The system provides an improved human/machine interface so as to reduce operator stress, strain and fatigue while improving the conditions for observation and control of the growing process. The system comprises suitable optics for forming an image of the meniscus and body wherein the image is anamorphic so that the entire meniscus can be viewed with good resolution in both the width and height dimensions. The system also comprises a video display for displaying the anamorphic image. The video display includes means for enhancing the contrast between any two contrasting points in the image. The video display also comprises a signal averager for averaging the intensity of at least one preselected portions of the image. The value of the average intensity, can in turn be utilized to control the growth of the body. The system and method are also capable of observing and monitoring multiple processes.

Sachs, Emanual M. (Watertown, MA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Method of monitoring crystal growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method are disclosed for monitoring the growth of a crystalline body from a liquid meniscus in a furnace. The system provides an improved human/machine interface so as to reduce operator stress, strain and fatigue while improving the conditions for observation and control of the growing process. The system comprises suitable optics for forming an image of the meniscus and body wherein the image is anamorphic so that the entire meniscus can be viewed with good resolution in both the width and height dimensions. The system also comprises a video display for displaying the anamorphic image. The video display includes means for enhancing the contrast between any two contrasting points in the image. The video display also comprises a signal averager for averaging the intensity of at least one preselected portions of the image. The value of the average intensity, can in turn be utilized to control the growth of the body. The system and method are also capable of observing and monitoring multiple processes.

Sachs, Emanual M. (Watertown, MA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Definition: Penetration Rate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Penetration Rate Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Penetration Rate The Rate of penetration, abbreviated as ROP as used in the drilling industry, is the speed at which a drill bit breaks the rock under it to deepen the borehole. It is normally measured in feet per minute or meters per hour, but sometimes it is expressed in minutes per foot.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The Rate of penetration, abbreviated as ROP as used in the drilling industry, is the speed at which a drill bit breaks the rock under it to deepen the borehole. Also known as penetration rate or drill rate. It is normally measured in feet per minute or meters per hour, but sometimes it is expressed in minutes per foot.

391

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Utility Rate > Posts by term > Utility Rate Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: developer Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry developer Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live! Sfomail 17 May 2013 - 11:14 Discussion developer Utility rate change propagation is now much faster Rmckeel 1 21 Mar 2013 - 09:11 Blog entry developer OpenEI maintenance March 8-9, 2013 Rmckeel 8 Mar 2013 - 14:23 Blog entry developer Semantic Mediawiki Semantic Forms update Rmckeel 22 Oct 2012 - 07:23 Discussion developer Increasing ask query limit Rmckeel 1 28 Jun 2012 - 14:35 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank...

392

Rate-Making Policy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rate-Making Policy Rate-Making Policy Rate-Making Policy < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info Start Date 2005 State Wisconsin Program Type Generating Facility Rate-Making Provider Public Service Commission of Wisconsin WI Act 7 states that, when proposing the purchase or construction of an electric generating facility, a utility may "apply to the [WI Public Service Commission] for an order specifying in advance the rate-making principles" that the Public Service Commission will use for "future rate-making proceedings." The Nuclear Energy Institute highlights that "There is no restriction on

393

Definition: Dynamic Capability Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Capability Rating Capability Rating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Dynamic Capability Rating Dynamic capability rating can be achieved through real-time determination of an element's (e.g., line, transformer etc.) ability to carry load based on electrical and environmental conditions.[1] Related Terms rating References ↑ SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Functions' An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Dynamic_Capability_Rating&oldid=506158" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

394

THE EXCHANGE RATE-INVESTMENT NEXUS AND EXCHANGE RATE INSTABILITY: ANOTHER REASON FOR `FEAR OF FLOATING'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE EXCHANGE RATE-INVESTMENT NEXUS AND EXCHANGE RATE INSTABILITY: ANOTHER REASON FOR `FEAR repercussion comes through the reaction of firms to changed asset prices and the firms' decisions to invest: F31, F32 *Corresponding author 1 #12;THE EXCHANGE RATE-INVESTMENT NEXUS AND EXCHANGE RATE

Ahmad, Sajjad

395

HEART RATE AS A MONITOR FOR METABOLIC RATE IN CAPTIVE JUVENILE STELLER SEA LIONS (EUMETOPIAS JUBATUS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HEART RATE AS A MONITOR FOR METABOLIC RATE IN CAPTIVE JUVENILE STELLER SEA LIONS (EUMETOPIAS COLUMBIA 0Jan M. Mcl'hee, 2001 #12;ABSTRACT The potential use of heart rate to monitor energy expenditure a relationship exists between heart rate @I) and oxygen consumption ( ~ 0 ~ )in captive sea lions while swimming

396

Exocytosis Precedes and Predicts the Increase in Growth in Oscillating Pollen Tubes W  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, our attention becomes fo- cused on the synthesis, delivery, and secretion of the new material, which apex of the cell, a process also observed in root hairs, fern, and moss protonemata, algal rhi- zoids of the secreted membrane is reclaimed by endocytosis (Pic

Kunkel, Joseph G.

397

Strategies for Low Carbon Growth In India: Industry and Non Residential Sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

World Others Share Source: Murthy, 2007 3.3.3 Energy data The productionthe World Bank. 4.2.2 Industrial Production Intensity EnergyEnergy) Production Of crude steel Mt SEC GJ/t cs Coal Elect FO LPG Gas SEC World

Sathaye, Jayant

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Versatile high rate plasma deposition and processing with very high frequency excitation  

SciTech Connect

The interest in plasma deposition using very high frequency (VHF) excitation arose after the preparation of a-Si:H at high growth rates was demonstrated. Subsequently the improved process flexibility and the control of material properties offered by the variation of the plasma excitation frequency was recognized. The preparation of amorphous and microcrystalline thin films in a VHF-plasma is described. The increased growth rates have been attributed to an enhancement of film precursor formation at VHF, to the decreased sheath thickness as well as to an enhancement of the surface reactivity by positive ions. Plasma diagnostic investigations show that the parameters mainly affected by the excitation frequency are the ion flux to the electrodes as well as the sheaths potentials and widths, rather than the plasma density. 55 refs., 13 figs.

Heintze, M.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Regional growth and energy supply: Is there an energy security issue?  

SciTech Connect

This study examines how the growth of the developing world might affect energy markets in the future. Based on recent growth trends, world energy demand could reasonably be expected to grow from about 350 Exajoules (EJ: 1.0E18=0.95 Quad) to nearly 1025 EJ by the year 2020, nearly 3x current consumption estimates. Introduction of more energy-efficient technologies could reduce this growth by about 17% to 830 EJ. But one cannot rely exclusively on current trends to forecast future energy demand. The growth of the developing world will interact with supply to affect prices, which in turn will mitigate the growth of demand, and growth rates of energy use will be much more modes. Under the Business as Usual scenario, energy demand will grow to 835 EJ by 2020, and this could be reduced a further 15% to 714 EJ through the adoption of more energy efficient technologies. Fuel prices based on model results are analyzed. Energy security implications of rapid growth in the developing world are considered and found to be of likely little significance.

Roop, J.M.; Freund, K.A.; Godoy-Kain, P.; Gu, A.Y.; Johnson, A.K.; Paananen, O.H.; Woodruff, M.G.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Utility Rate Discounts | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Discounts Discounts Jump to: navigation, search A few electric utilities offer rate discounts to encourage residential energy efficiency. For homes that meet certain energy efficiency criteria, such as those established by the federal Energy Star program, the owner or tenant is awarded a percentage discount on each monthÂ’s electric bill. [1] Contents 1 Utility Rate Discount Incentives 2 References Utility Rate Discount Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 14) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Cleco Power - Power Miser New Home Program (Louisiana) Utility Rate Discount Louisiana Residential Building Insulation Central Air conditioners Clothes Washers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Doors Duct/Air sealing Furnaces Heat pumps

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Cervical Cancer Rates in Allegheny County Communities.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Aggregated cervical cancer rates for the 21 year period 1985 through 2005 were age-adjusted and standardized for each neighborhood and municipality in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.… (more)

Assenat, Mary Margaret

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Photovoltaic Degradation Rates -- An Analytical Review  

SciTech Connect

As photovoltaic penetration of the power grid increases, accurate predictions of return on investment require accurate prediction of decreased power output over time. Degradation rates must be known in order to predict power delivery. This article reviews degradation rates of flat-plate terrestrial modules and systems reported in published literature from field testing throughout the last 40 years. Nearly 2000 degradation rates, measured on individual modules or entire systems, have been assembled from the literature, showing a median value of 0.5%/year. The review consists of three parts: a brief historical outline, an analytical summary of degradation rates, and a detailed bibliography partitioned by technology.

Jordan, D. C.; Kurtz, S. R.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Examiner Characteristics and the Patent Grant Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characteristics and the Patent Grant Rate * Mark Lemley †USPTO: whether or not to grant a patent. We ?nd that moreart, are more likely to grant patent applications. These

Lemley, Mark A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

BPA issues final decision on oversupply rate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

issues-final-decision-on-oversupply-rate Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects &...

405

Adaptive Filtering for Heart Rate Signals.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This work focused on the effects of suppressing the motion artifact of wrist photoplethysmographic heart rate signals. Monitoring of the heart can offer important… (more)

Jaafari, Samira

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Method of controlling fusion reaction rates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to a method of controlling the reaction rates in a nuclear fusion reactor; and more particularly, to the use of polarized nuclear fuel.

Kulsrud, R.M.; Furth, H.P.; Valeo, E.J.; Goldhaber, M.

1983-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

407

Space-charged-induced emittance growth in the transport of high-brightness electron beams  

SciTech Connect

The emittance induced by space charge in a drifting beam of finite length has been investigated, and a scaling law has been obtained from simple considerations of the different rates of expansion of different portions of the beam. The scaling law predicts the initial rate of emittance growth, before the beam shape has distorted significantly, and thus represents an upper bound on the rate of emittance increase. This scaling law has been substantiated by particle-in-cell simulation and the dependence on geometric factors evaluated for specific choices of the beam profile. For long, axially nonuniform beams, the geometric factors have been evaluated explicitly for Gaussian profiles, and other shapes.

Jones, M.E.; Carlsten, B.E.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Method and apparatus for aluminum nitride monocrystal boule growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A crystal growth setup within a physical vapor transport growth furnace system for producing AlN monocrystal boules at high temperatures includes a crucible effective to contain an AlN source material and a growing AlN crystal boule. This crucible has a thin wall thickness in at least that portion housing the growing AlN crystal boule. Other components include a susceptor, in case of an inductive heating, or a heater, in case of a resistive heating, a thermal insulation enclosing the susceptor or heater effective to provide a thermal gradient inside the crucible in the range of 5-100.degree. C./cm and a furnace chamber capable of being operated from a vacuum (<0.1 torr) to a gas pressure of at least 4000 torr through filling or flowing a nitrogen gas or a mixture of nitrogen gas and argon gas. The high temperatures contribute to a high boule growth rate and the thin wall thickness contributes to reduced imparted stress during boule removal.

Wang, Shaoping (Brookfield, CT)

2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

409

Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Water Solar Wind Program Info State Michigan Program Type Grant Program Provider Michigan Farm Bureau A joint venture between Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD) and the Michigan Economic Development Corporation (MEDC), the Strategic Growth Initiative Grant Program was designed to leverage business development and growth for the state's $91.4 billion food and agriculture industry. The grant program aims to remove barriers inhibiting growth in the state's food and agriculture industry, fostering economic opportunities for Michigan-based food processors, agribusiness and

410

Jumping-Catalyst Dynamics in Nanowire Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanowire growth is generally considered a steady-state process, but oscillatory phenomena are known to often play a fundamental role. Here we identify a natural sequence of distinct growth modes, in two of which the catalyst droplet jumps periodically on and off a crystal facet. The oscillatory modes result from a mismatch between catalyst size and wire diameter; they enable growth of straight smooth-sided wires even when the droplet is too small to span the wire tip. Jumping-catalyst growth modes are seen both in computer simulations of vapor-liquid-solid growth, and in movies of Si nanowire growth obtained by in situ microscopy. Our simulations also provide new insight into nanowire kinking.

K.?W. Schwarz; J. Tersoff; S. Kodambaka; F.?M. Ross

2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

411

Phenomenological approach for describing environment dependent growths  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Different classes of phenomenological universalities of environment dependent growths have been proposed. The logistic as well as environment dependent West-type allometry based biological growth can be explained in this proposed framework of phenomenological description. It is shown that logistic and environment dependent West-type growths are phenomenologically identical in nature. However there is a difference between them in terms of coefficients involved in the phenomenological descriptions. It is also established that environment independent and enviornment dependent biological growth processes lead to the same West-type biological growth equation. Involuted Gompertz function, used to describe biological growth processes undergoing atrophy or a demographic and economic system undergoing involution or regression, can be addressed in this proposed environment dependent description. In addition, some other phenomenological descriptions have been examined in this proposed framework and graphical representations of variation of different parameters involved in the description are executed.

Dibyendu Biswas; Swarup Poria

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

412

Final Report, Photocathodes for High Repetition Rate Light Sources  

SciTech Connect

This proposal brought together teams at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and Stony Brook University (SBU) to study photocathodes for high repetition rate light sources such as Free Electron Lasers (FEL) and Energy Recovery Linacs (ERL). The work done under this grant comprises a comprehensive program on critical aspects of the production of the electron beams needed for future user facilities. Our program pioneered in situ and in operando diagnostics for alkali antimonide growth. The focus is on development of photocathodes for high repetition rate Free Electron Lasers (FELs) and Energy Recovery Linacs (ERLs), including testing SRF photoguns, both normal-conducting and superconducting. Teams from BNL, LBNL and Stony Brook University (SBU) led this research, and coordinated their work over a range of topics. The work leveraged a robust infrastructure of existing facilities and the support was used for carrying out the research at these facilities. The program concentrated in three areas: a) Physics and chemistry of alkali-antimonide cathodes b) Development and testing of a diamond amplifier for photocathodes c) Tests of both cathodes in superconducting RF photoguns and copper RF photoguns

Ben-Zvi, Ilan [Stony Brook University

2014-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

413

Cancer growth: Predictions of a realistic model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simulations of avascular cancer growth are performed using experimental values of the relevant parameters. This permits a realistic assessment of the influence of these parameters on cancer growth dynamics. In general, an early exponential growth phase is followed by a linear regime (as observed in recent experiments), while the thickness of the viable cell layer remains approximately constant. Contrary to some predictions, a transition to latency is not observed.

S. A. Menchón and C. A. Condat

2008-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

414

Single Assessment Pass Rate South Carolina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single Assessment Pass Rate South Carolina Academic Year 2004 - 2005 ETS Type of Assessment Test in Cohort 2,218 in Cohort #12;Single Assessment Pass Rate South Carolina Academic Year 2004 - 2005 ETS Type, Part 0063 Middle School Mathematics 0069 Chemistry, Physics and General Science 0070 Social Studies

Kasman, Alex

415

8, 67936824, 2008 dispersion rates in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

patterns, it is shown that initial buoyancy fluxes at ship stack have minor effect on plume dilution rate modeling and measurement (remote or "in-situ") studies of ship exhaust25 effects must dealACPD 8, 6793­6824, 2008 Ship plume dispersion rates in convective BL F. Chosson et al. Title Page

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

416

Cadmium Biosorption Rate in Protonated Sargassum Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cadmium Biosorption Rate in Protonated Sargassum Biomass J I N B A I Y A N G A N D B O H U M I L V Sargassum fluitans biomass was accompanied by the release of hydrogen protons from the biomass. The uptake the overall biosorption rate of cadmium ions in flat seaweed biomass particles. The overall biosorption

Volesky, Bohumil

417

False Discovery Rates John D. Storey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

positives. The false discovery rate is designed to quantify this type of trade-off, making it particularly Hypothesis Testing In hypothesis testing, statistical significance is typically based on calculations involving p-values and Type I error rates. A p-value calculated from a single statistical hypothesis test

Storey, John D.

418

Resonances and the thermonuclear reaction rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an approximate analytic expression for thermonuclear reaction rate of charged particles when the cross section contains a single narrow or wide resonance described by a Breit-Wigner shape. The resulting expression is uniformly valid as the effective energy and resonance energy coalesce. We use our expressions to calculate the reaction rate for $^{12}$C(p,$\\gamma$)$^{13}$N.

M. S. Hussein; M. Ueda; A. J. Sargeant; M. P. Pato

2003-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

419

Method of controlling fusion reaction rates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of controlling the reaction rates of the fuel atoms in a fusion reactor comprises the step of polarizing the nuclei of the fuel atoms in a particular direction relative to the plasma confining magnetic field. Fusion reaction rates can be increased or decreased, and the direction of emission of the reaction products can be controlled, depending on the choice of polarization direction.

Kulsrud, Russell M. (Princeton, NJ); Furth, Harold P. (Princeton, NJ); Valeo, Ernest J. (Princeton Junction, NJ); Goldhaber, Maurice (Bayport, NY)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Human preproinsulin-like growth factor I  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a synthetic DNA sequence encoding a preproinsulin-like growth factor-I protein. It comprises: the sequence of amino acids.

Rotwein, P.S.; Krivi, G.G.

1990-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Growth and structure of -lactalbumin nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanotubes are formed after partial hydrolysis of the milk protein -lactalbumin. This scattering study presents dimensions of the -lactalbumin nanotubes and a model of their growth.

Graveland-Bikker, J.F.

2006-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

422

IN THIS ISSUE Excessive Cotton Growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AGRONOMY NOTES July, 2004 IN THIS ISSUE COTTON Excessive Cotton Growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Management Influence on Hardlock Cotton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Wet Conditions and Nitrogen Applications on Cotton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

Watson, Craig A.

423

Reduced models of algae growth Heikki Haario,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reduced models of algae growth Heikki Haario, Leonid Kalachev Marko Laine, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland University of Montana, Missoula, MT, USA Finnish Meteorological institute

Bardsley, John

424

Optimization Online - Robust Growth-Optimal Portfolios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 24, 2014 ... Abstract: The growth-optimal portfolio is designed to have maximum ... the asset return distribution, which is not directly observable but must be ...

Napat Rujeerapaiboon

2014-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

425

"Conflict Between Economic Growth and Environmental Protection...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9, 2012, 4:15pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium "Conflict Between Economic Growth and Environmental Protection", Dr. Bryan Czech, resident, Center for the Advancement of the Steady State...

426

Essays on India’s Economic Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

initial euphoria about liberalisation, a revisionist viewand industrial policy liberalisation. Three, growth in thebuilt up under the pre-liberalisation policy regime), their

Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Theoretical Ecology: Continued growth and success  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EDITORIAL Theoretical Ecology: Continued growth and successof areas in theoretical ecology. Among the highlights areyear represent theoretical ecology from around the world: 20

Hastings, Alan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Green Growth and Transport | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transport Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Green Growth and Transport AgencyCompany Organization: ITF ComplexityEase of Use: Not Available Website:...

429

Definition: Equipment Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rating Rating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Equipment Rating The maximum and minimum voltage, current, frequency, real and reactive power flows on individual equipment under steady state, short-circuit and transient conditions, as permitted or assigned by the equipment owner.[1] Also Known As Standard current ratings Related Terms reactive power, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Equipment_Rating&oldid=502535" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

430

OpenEI Community - Utility Rates  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The utility rate The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated http://en.openei.org/community/blog/utility-rate-database-version-1-api-now-deprecated There comes a time in every API version's lifecycle when it needs to be deprecated.OpenEI's utility rate database version 1 API has been in use since the inception of the database in 2010.  As Illinois State University has taken a commanding lead of the project and its data curation, we have updated the schema and API to version 2 to present a richer spectrum of utility rate data.

431

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Utility Rate > Posts by term > Utility Rate Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: challenge Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Discussion challenge 2013 Civic Hacking Day Ideas Rmckeel 1 22 May 2013 - 08:23 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content There is currently no way to s... ranking of utilities by demand charge? FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank... The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated more Group members (28) Managers: Dloomis Rmckeel Sfomail Recent members: MSiira Apin101 Lissacoffey Denizurla Bazouing Gdavis Shehant Anapettirossi Abkatzman BijouLulla Vbugnion Marklane Cbonsig Verdel3c Wisconsin Weatherall Windows Payne

432

Method for Determining Solids Circulation Rate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determining Solids Circulation Rate Determining Solids Circulation Rate Contact NETL Technology Transfer Group techtransfer@netl.doe.gov May 2012 Opportunity Research is currently active on the patented technology "Method for Determining Solids Circulation Rate." The technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Overview This invention provides a method to measure the rate of solids circulation, particularly in those applications where the solids are recycled back to pro- cesses for further use. The applications include processes such as circulating fluidized bed gasifiers and combustors, as well as chemical looping. In the above applications, determining solids circulation rates is needed to

433

gas rates | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

gas rates gas rates Home > Groups > Utility Rate Are there Gas Utility Rates available in OpenEI? Submitted by Nlong on 11 July, 2012 - 11:41 1 answer Points: 1 Hi, OpenEI doesn't have NG utility rates as far as I'm aware. That may be a dataset that is added in the future. You can access natural gas prices by utility and sector by downloading the EIA-176 form from the Energy Information Administration. I've included some links to help you find your way. http://205.254.135.7/survey/form/eia_176/efs176.cfm http://www.eia.gov/oil_gas/natural_gas/applications/eia176query_historical.html -Sfomail Sfomail on 12 July, 2012 - 12:04 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content There is currently no way to s... ranking of utilities by demand charge?

434

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Features > Groups Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Content type Blog entry Discussion Document Event Poll Question Keywords Author Apply Ewilson FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Posted by: Ewilson 20 Sep 2013 - 11:58 99thin Very useful information. Thank... Posted by: 99thin 9 Sep 2013 - 00:19 Rmckeel The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated Posted by: Rmckeel 6 Sep 2013 - 14:00 There comes a time in every API version's lifecycle when it needs to be deprecated. OpenEI's utility rate database version 1 API has been in use since the inception of the database in 2010. As... Tags: API, Utility Rates NickL Glad I could help get you on t... Posted by: NickL 4 Sep 2013 - 07:41 Glad I could help get you on the right track Myles. There is not as simple

435

International Rates | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

International Rates International Rates Home > Groups > Utility Rate Nsbowde's picture Submitted by Nsbowde(12) Member 10 July, 2012 - 11:27 Per the town hall discussion yestereday, I have a link to a tariff database assembled by the Energy Regulators Regional Association. There is no free access and reproduction of the information without ERRA consent is prohibited, but nonetheless here it is. I have some friends in ERRA, so maybe future collaboration could be possible. http://www.erranet.org/Products/TariffDatabase Nick Groups: Utility Rate Login to post comments Nsbowde's blog Comments Rmckeel Rmckeel1 year 26 weeks ago International rates Thanks for the info, Nick! On a side note, when we move our blog over to OpenEI communities, content like this blog entry will be more visible on

436

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Utility Rate > Posts by term > Utility Rate Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: American Clean Skies Foundation Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry American Clean Skies Foundation Nominations open for $250,000 Multimedia Clean Energy prizes Graham7781 2 Oct 2012 - 13:01 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content There is currently no way to s... ranking of utilities by demand charge? FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank... The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated more Group members (28) Managers: Dloomis Rmckeel Sfomail Recent members: MSiira Apin101 Lissacoffey Denizurla Bazouing Gdavis Shehant Anapettirossi Abkatzman

437

THE NOVA RATE IN NGC 2403  

SciTech Connect

A multi-epoch H{alpha} survey of the late-type spiral galaxy NGC 2403 has been completed in order to determine its nova rate. A total of nine nova candidates were discovered in 48 nights of observation with two different telescopes over the period from 2001 February to 2012 April. After making corrections for temporal coverage and spatial completeness, a nova rate of 2.0{sup +0.5} {sub -0.3} yr{sup -1} was determined. This rate corresponds to a luminosity-specific nova rate of 2.5 {+-} 0.7 novae per year per 10{sup 10} L {sub Sun ,K}. This value is consistent with that of the similar Hubble-type galaxy, M33, and is typical of those of other galaxies with measured nova rates, which range from 1 to 3 novae per year per 10{sup 10} L {sub Sun ,K}.

Franck, J. R.; Shafter, A. W. [Department of Astronomy, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 (United States); Hornoch, K. [Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences, CZ-251 65 Ondrejov (Czech Republic); Misselt, K. A. [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

438

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Utility Rate > Posts by term > Utility Rate Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: data Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry data Commercial and Residential Hourly Load Data Now Available on OpenEI! Sfomail 17 May 2013 - 12:03 Blog entry data IRENA launches global atlas of renewable energy potential Graham7781 11 Feb 2013 - 15:18 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank... The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated Glad I could help get you on t... Nick, Thanks very much! That... more Group members (25) Managers: Dloomis Rmckeel Sfomail Recent members: Denizurla Bazouing Gdavis

439

Isolating the decay rate of cosmological gravitational potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The decay rate of cosmological gravitational potential measures the deviation from Einstein-de Sitter universe and can put strong constraints on the nature of dark energy and gravity. Usual method to measure this decay rate is through the integrated Sachs-Wolfe (ISW) effect-large scale structure (LSS) cross correlation. However, the interpretation of the measured correlation signal is complicated by the galaxy bias and matter power spectrum. This could bias and/or degrade its constraints to the nature of dark energy and gravity. But, combining the lensing-LSS cross correlation measurements, the decay rate of gravitational potential can be isolated. For any given narrow redshift bin of LSS, the ratio of the two cross correlations directly measures $[d\\ln D_{\\phi}/d\\ln a]H(z)/W(\\chi,\\chi_s)$, where $D_{\\phi}$ is the linear growth factor of the gravitational potential, $H$ is the Hubble constant at redshift $z$, $W(\\chi,\\chi_s)$ is the lensing kernel and $\\chi$ and $\\chi_s$ are the comoving angular diameter distance to lens and source, respectively. This method is optimal in the sense that (1) the measured quantity is essentially free of systematic errors and is only limited by cosmic variance and (2) the measured quantity only depends on several cosmological parameters and can be predicted from first principles unambiguously. Though fundamentally limited by inevitably large cosmic variance associated with the ISW measurements, it can still put useful independent constraints on the amount of dark energy and its equation of state. It can also provide a powerful test of modified gravity and can distinguish the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati model from $\\Lambda$CDM at $>2.5\\sigma$ confidence level.

Pengjie Zhang

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

440

VP 100: Growth in solar means growth in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Growth in solar means growth in Ohio Growth in solar means growth in Ohio VP 100: Growth in solar means growth in Ohio October 6, 2010 - 10:57am Addthis DuPont is betting on major growth in the market for solar energy -- and therefore for its Tedlar film, a durable backing for silicon solar panels. | Photo Courtesy of DuPont DuPont is betting on major growth in the market for solar energy -- and therefore for its Tedlar film, a durable backing for silicon solar panels. | Photo Courtesy of DuPont Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Market research company Solarbuzz reports that global demand for solar power soared by 54 percent in the second quarter of 2010. The research firm reports that in the United States, the annual number of total watts installed moved from 485 MW in all of 2009 to 2.3 GW as of June -- and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Pressure dependence of SiO 2 growth kinetics and electrical properties on SiC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dry oxidations between 0.25 and 4 atm at 1150 ? ° C are used to characterize the pressure dependence of the growth kinetics of SiO 2 along three orientations of the 4H-SiC polytype. The growth curves are studied using the Deal-Grove model. The extracted linear and parabolic constants are found to scale linearly with the pressure up to 2 atm. However the data indicate that the (0001) Si-face exhibits a retarded growth rate above 2 atm. It is also found that like Si there is a critical oxide thickness below which the linear-parabolic model cannot be applied. This value is found to be between 36 and 40 nm for SiO 2 on 4H-SiC and is apparently independent of the crystal orientation and oxidation pressure. The extracted critical thickness and its properties are similar to what is observed on Si suggesting that the fast growth regime is dictated by the nature of the oxide. Finally it is shown that the density of interface states ( D i t ) on the (0001) Si-face is not reduced by faster oxide growth rates within the monitored energy window.

E. A. Ray; John Rozen; Sarit Dhar; L. C. Feldman; J. R. Williams

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India* Jeffrey D. Sachs Director The Earth Institute at Columbia_ramiah@yahoo.co.uk Asian Economic Papers 1:3 © 2002 The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the Massachusetts

443

Rate Schedule CV-RFS4  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RFS4 RFS4 (Supersedes Schedule CV-RFS3) UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION CENTRAL VALLEY PROJECT SCHEDULE OF RATE FOR REGULATION AND FREQUENCY RESPONSE SERVICE Effective: October 1, 2011, through September 30, 2016. Available: Within the marketing area served by the Western Area Power Administration (Western), Sierra Nevada Customer Service Region. Applicable: To customers receiving Regulation and Frequency Response Service (regulation). Character and Conditions of Service: Regulation is necessary to provide for the continuous balancing of resources and interchange with load and for maintaining scheduled interconnection frequency at 60-cycles per second. Formula Rate: The formula rate for regulation includes three components:

444

Measuring Degradation Rates Without Irradiance Data  

SciTech Connect

A method to report PV system degradation rates without using irradiance data is demonstrated. First, a set of relative degradation rates are determined by comparing daily AC final yields from a group of PV systems relative to the average final yield of all the PV systems. Then, the difference between relative and absolute degradation rates is found from a statistical analysis. This approach is verified by comparing to methods that utilize irradiance data. This approach is significant because PV systems are often deployed without irradiance sensors, so the analysis method described here may enable measurements of degradation using data that were previously thought to be unsuitable for degradation studies.

Pulver, S.; Cormode, D.; Cronin, A.; Jordan, D.; Kurtz, S.; Smith, R.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Error analysis for resonant thermonuclear reaction rates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A detailed presentation is given of estimating uncertainties in thermonuclear reaction rates for stellar nucleosynthesis involving narrow resonances, starting from random errors in measured or calculated resonance and nuclear level properties. Special attention is given to statistical matters such as probability distributions, error propagation, and correlations between errors. Interpretation of resulting uncertainties in reaction rates and the distinction between symmetric and asymmetric errors are also discussed. Computing reaction rate uncertainties is described. We give examples from explosive nucleosynthesis by hydrogen burning on light nuclei.

William J. Thompson; C. Iliadis

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

WP-96/TR-96 & TC-96 Power and Transmission Rate Case (rates/ratecases...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(PFR) Firstgov WP-96TR-96 & TC-96 Power and Transmission Rate Case Index: Final 1996 Wholesale Power and Transmission Rates Proposal (WP-96TR-96) Administrator's Record Of...

447

KINETIC ROUGHENING PHENOMENA, STOCHASTIC GROWTH, DIRECTED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

KINETIC ROUGHENING PHENOMENA, STOCHASTIC GROWTH, DIRECTED POLYMERS AND ALL THAT Aspects 254 (1995) 215-414 Kinetic roughening phenomena, stochastic growth, directed polymers and all that for the nonlinear term 3.2. Dynamic RG analysis 3.3. A worthy detour: kinetic roughening with conservation law 3

Halpin-Healy, Tim

448

Social Capital and Growth Bryan R. Routledge ,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, labor mobility, and social capital. The key assumption is that technological innovation, which drivesSocial Capital and Growth Bryan R. Routledge , Joachim von Amsberg § March 2002 Revised July 2002 Abstract We define and characterize social capital in a simple growth model. We capture social capital

449

Annual Growth Bands in Hymenaea courbaril  

SciTech Connect

One significant source of annual temperature and precipitation data arises from the regular annual secondary growth rings of trees. Several tropical tree species are observed to form regular growth bands that may or may not form annually. Such growth was observed in one stem disk of the tropical legume Hymenaea courbaril near the area of David, Panama. In comparison to annual reference {Delta}{sup 14}C values from wood and air, the {Delta}{sup 14}C values from the secondary growth rings formed by H. courbaril were determined to be annual in nature in this one stem disk specimen. During this study, H. courbaril was also observed to translocate recently produced photosynthate into older growth rings as sapwood is converted to heartwood. This process alters the overall {Delta}{sup 14}C values of these transitional growth rings as cellulose with a higher {Delta}{sup 14}C content is translocated into growth rings with a relatively lower {Delta}{sup 14}C content. Once the annual nature of these growth rings is established, further stable isotope analyses on H. courbaril material in other studies may help to complete gaps in the understanding of short and of long term global climate patterns.

Westbrook, J A; Guilderson, T P; Colinvaux, P A

2004-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

450

Bifurcation Analysis of Endogenous Growth Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that the model could produce chaotic dynamics, but our analysis cannot confirm that conjecture. Further this thesis analyses the dynamics of a variant of Jones semi-endogenous growth model "Sources of US Economic growth in a World of Ideas" The American Economic...

Ghosh, Taniya

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

451

Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Support Support Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Growth Strategy Support Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Brazilian Finance Ministry, EMBRAPA, FGV, Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy, Land Topics Low emission development planning Resource Type Publications Website http://www.gggi.org/ Program Start 2010 Country Brazil, Indonesia, South Korea South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 Indonesia 4 References Overview The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) was founded on the belief that economic growth and environmental sustainability are not merely compatible objectives; their integration is essential for the future of humankind. GGGI is dedicated to pioneering and diffusing a new model of economic

452

Career Growth | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Growth | National Nuclear Security Administration Growth | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Career Growth Home > Federal Employment > Working at NNSA > Career Growth Career Growth Learning doesn't stop with a college or post-graduate degree. It is a key part of individual career development and is central to NNSA's efforts to

453

Emissivity Correcting Pyrometry of Semiconductor Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Emissivity Correcting Pyrometry of Semiconductor Growth Emissivity Correcting Pyrometry of Semiconductor Growth by W. G. Breiland, L. A. Bruskas, A. A. Allerman, and T. W. Hargett Motivation-Temperature is a critical factor in the growth of thin films by either chemical vapor deposition (CVD) or molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). It is particularly important in compound semiconductor growth because one is often challenged to grow materials with specific chemical compositions in order to maintain stringent lattice-matching conditions or to achieve specified bandgap values. Optical pyrometry can be used to measure surface temperatures, but the thin film growth causes significant changes in the emissivity of the surface, leading to severe errors in the pyrometer measurement. To avoid these errors, emissivity changes must be measured and

454

Anomalous Roughening of Curvature-Driven Growth With a Variable Interface Window  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We studied the curvature-driven roughening of a disk domain pattern with a variable interface window. The relaxation of interface is driven by negative surface tension . When a domain boundary propagates radially at a constant rate, we found that evolution of interface roughness follows scaling dynamic behavior. The local growth exponents are substantially different from the global exponents. Curvature-driven roughening belongs to a new class of anomalous roughening dynamics. However, a different surface tension leads to different global exponents. This is different from that of interface evolution with a fixed-size window, which has universal exponent. The variable growth window leads to a new class of anomalous roughening dynamics.

Chen, Yong-Jun; Yamaguchi, Tomohiko; Yoshikawa, Kenichi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Anomalous Roughening of Curvature-Driven Growth With a Variable Interface Window  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We studied the curvature-driven roughening of a disk domain pattern with a variable interface window. The relaxation of interface is driven by negative surface tension . When a domain boundary propagates radially at a constant rate, we found that evolution of interface roughness follows scaling dynamic behavior. The local growth exponents are substantially different from the global exponents. Curvature-driven roughening belongs to a new class of anomalous roughening dynamics. However, a different surface tension leads to different global exponents. This is different from that of interface evolution with a fixed-size window, which has universal exponent. The variable growth window leads to a new class of anomalous roughening dynamics.

Yong-Jun Chen; Yuko Nagamine; Tomohiko Yamaguchi; Kenichi Yoshikawa

2012-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

456

Digital electronic bone growth stimulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to the electrical treatment of biological tissue. In particular, the present invention discloses a device that produces discrete electrical pulse trains for treating osteoporosis and accelerating bone growth. According to its major aspects and broadly stated, the present invention consists of an electrical circuit configuration capable of generating Bassett-type waveforms shown with alternative signals provide for the treatment of either fractured bones or osteoporosis. The signal generator comprises a quartz clock, an oscillator circuit, a binary divider chain, and a plurality of simple, digital logic gates. Signals are delivered efficiently, with little or no distortion, and uniformly distributed throughout the area of injury. Perferably, power is furnished by widely available and inexpensive radio batteries, needing replacement only once in several days. The present invention can be affixed to a medical cast without a great increase in either weight or bulk. Also, the disclosed stimulator can be used to treat osteoporosis or to strengthen a healing bone after the cast has been removed by attaching the device to the patient`s skin or clothing.

Kronberg, J.W.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Utility Rate > Posts by term Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds American Clean Skies Foundation (1) API (3) Apps (1) bug (1) building load (1) building load data (1) challenge (1) clean energy (1) commercial load (1) data (2) dataset (1) datasets (1) developer (5) DOE (1) EIA (1) electric load data (1) energy efficiency (1) Energy Visions Prize (1) EZFeed (1) FOA (1) funding (1) Global Atlas (1) hackathon (1) Illinois State University (1) Incentives and Policies (1) 1 2 3 next › last » Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content There is currently no way to s... ranking of utilities by demand charge? FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank... The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated

458

On-site Housing Rates | Staff Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rates Rates Effective February 1, 2013 Rates for Occupancy < 30-Days Guest House* Single/Double: US $105.00/day Housekeeping service is provided on all working days. *Alternatives to the Guest House - When family-type accommodations are assigned to temporary or transient personnel, Guest House rates as set forth above will apply. The total will not exceed one months' rent for a unit occupied for 30 days or less. When such assignment is necessary due to lack of adequate Guest House accommodations, housekeeping service is provided on working days; for reservations staying seven days or less. Residence Houses Curie House: US $42.00/day Cavendish House: US $42.00/day Compton House: US $42.00/day Housekeeping service for all residence houses are provided three times per

459

Definition: Rated power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Rated power Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Rated power The power output of a device under specific or nominal operating conditions[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In electrical and electronic engineering, the power rating of a device is a guideline set by the manufacturer as a maximum power to be used with that device. This limit is usually set somewhat lower than the level where the device will be damaged, to allow a margin of safety. In devices which primarily dissipate electric power or convert it into mechanical power, such as resistors, electric motors, and speakers, the power rating given is usually the maximum power that can be safely dissipated by the

460

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Groups > Groups > Utility Rate Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds There are no feeds from external sites for this group. Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Group members (28) Managers: Dloomis Rmckeel Sfomail Recent members: MSiira Apin101 Lissacoffey Denizurla Bazouing Gdavis Shehant Anapettirossi Abkatzman BijouLulla Vbugnion Marklane Cbonsig Verdel3c Wisconsin Weatherall Windows Payne Nlong Wzeng Recent content There is currently no way to s... ranking of utilities by demand charge? FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank... The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated more Group members (28) Managers: Dloomis Rmckeel Sfomail

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Photovoltaic Energy Ratings Methods  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photovoltaic Energy Ratings Methods Validation Photovoltaic Energy Ratings Methods Validation The Photovoltaic (PV) Engineering group at NREL validates energy ratings methods by standards committees to establish an energy rating methodology. We are evaluating techniques to account for the impact on PV performance from variations in the spectral distribution of solar radiation. Two types of methods were evaluated for correcting the short-circuit current of PV modules for variations in the solar spectrum under clear skies: (1) empirical relationships based on air mass, and (2) use of spectral irradiance models and PV module spectral response data. Methods of the first type were the Sandia National Laboratories absolute air-mass function, or f(AMa), and the CREST air-mass function, or f(AM). The second

462

Uncertainty Analysis for Photovoltaic Degradation Rates (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

Dependable and predictable energy production is the key to the long-term success of the PV industry. PV systems show over the lifetime of their exposure a gradual decline that depends on many different factors such as module technology, module type, mounting configuration, climate etc. When degradation rates are determined from continuous data the statistical uncertainty is easily calculated from the regression coefficients. However, total uncertainty that includes measurement uncertainty and instrumentation drift is far more difficult to determine. A Monte Carlo simulation approach was chosen to investigate a comprehensive uncertainty analysis. The most important effect for degradation rates is to avoid instrumentation that changes over time in the field. For instance, a drifting irradiance sensor, which can be achieved through regular calibration, can lead to a substantially erroneous degradation rates. However, the accuracy of the irradiance sensor has negligible impact on degradation rate uncertainty emphasizing that precision (relative accuracy) is more important than absolute accuracy.

Jordan, D.; Kurtz, S.; Hansen, C.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Rating of Solar Energy Devices (Texas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Public Utility Commission has regulatory authority over solar energy devices installed and used in the state of Texas. The Commission can choose to adopt standards pertaining to the rating of...

464

Extended range radiation dose-rate monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An extended range dose-rate monitor is provided which utilizes the pulse pileup phenomenon that occurs in conventional counting systems to alter the dynamic response of the system to extend the dose-rate counting range. The current pulses from a solid-state detector generated by radiation events are amplified and shaped prior to applying the pulses to the input of a comparator. The comparator generates one logic pulse for each input pulse which exceeds the comparator reference threshold. These pulses are integrated and applied to a meter calibrated to indicate the measured dose-rate in response to the integrator output. A portion of the output signal from the integrator is fed back to vary the comparator reference threshold in proportion to the output count rate to extend the sensitive dynamic detection range by delaying the asymptotic approach of the integrator output toward full scale as measured by the meter.

Valentine, Kenneth H. (Knoxville, TN)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Data Fusion for Improved Respiration Rate Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an application of a modified Kalman-Filter (KF) framework for data fusion to the estimation of respiratory rate from multiple physiological sources which is robust to background noise. A novel index of the ...

Nemati, Shamim

466

Negotiating Rates and Contracts for Qualifying Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The implementation of a cogeneration project or other qualifying facility (QF) requires the development of contractual relationships with one or more electric utilities. The relationships may involve the application of existing rates and contracts...

Collier, S. E.

467

Rating the energy performance of buildings  

SciTech Connect

In order to succeed in developing a more sustainable society, buildings will need to be continuously improved. This paper discusses how to rate the energy performance of buildings. A brief review of recent approaches to energy rating is presented. It illustrates that there is no single correct or wrong concept, but one needs to be aware of the relative impact of the strategies. Different strategies of setting energy efficiency standards are discussed and the advantages of the minimum life cycle cost are shown. Indicators for building energy rating based on simulations, aggregated statistics and expert knowledge are discussed and illustrated in order to demonstrate strengths and weaknesses of each approach. In addition, the importance of considering the level of amenities offered is presented. Attributes of a rating procedure based on three elements, flexible enough for recognizing different strategies to achieve energy conservation, is proposed.

Olofsson, Thomas; Meier, Alan; Lamberts, Roberto

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Mervento 3.6-118 Recycling Rate.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??My Bachelor’s thesis work has been to make an investigation of the recycling rate of Mervento Oy's new wind turbine Mervento 3.6-118. The study has… (more)

Forsman, Andreas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

An Air-Flow Rate Regulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A circuit that automatically maintains a constant airflow rate (1.2 l/min) is described. The device is used in an A3-5 aerosol-particle counter.

V. K. Kovalevskii; E. V. Pokrovskii

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

BPA proposes rate increase to bolster  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RELEASE Thursday, Nov. 8, 2012 CONTACT: Mike Hansen, 503-230-4328 or 503-230-5131 BPA proposes rate increase to bolster federal power and transmission systems Portland, Ore....

471

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry Database Announcing New Utility Rate Database and API Features Ewilson 1 21 Jul 2014 - 15:48 Groups Menu You must login in order to post...

472

Dynamic Line Rating: Research and Policy Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Dynamic Line Rating (DLR) is a smart grid technology that allows the rating of electrical conductors to be increased based on local weather conditions. Overhead lines are conventionally given a conservative rating based on worst case scenarios. We demonstrate that observing the conditions in real time leads to additional capacity and safer operation. This paper provides a report of a pioneering scheme in the United States of America in which DLR has been applied. Thereby, we demonstrate that observing the local weather conditions in real time leads to additional capacity and safer operation. Secondly, we discuss limitations involved. In doing so, we arrive at novel insights which will inform and improve future DLR projects. Third, we provide a policy background and discussion to clarify the technology’s potential and identifies barriers to the imminent adoption of dynamic line rating systems. We provide suggestions for regulatory bodies about possible improvements in policy to encourage adoption of this beneficial technology.

Jake P. Gentle; Kurt S. Myers; Michael R. West

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Should thermodynamics be X-rated?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Should thermodynamics be X-rated? ... A simple analogy is suggested illustrating the thermodynamic sign convention and the significance of the negative sign of ?H and ?G on spontaneity for general or introductory chemistry students. ...

Henry A. Bent

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Extratropical Lapse Rates in Very Hot Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are neutral with respect to moist convection, and large where lapse rates are stable. Using P* allows us to examine convective motions arising from both gravitational accelerations as well as symmetric instabilities. We assess the ability of current models...

Zamora, Ryan Alexander

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

475

EMU and Transatlantic Exchange Rate Stability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The macroeconomic debate about EMU has always focused on the costs and the benefits of suppressing exchange rates between the participating countries. These costs and benefits actually depend on whether the excha...

Agnès Bénassy-Quéré; Benoît Mojon

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Home > Utility Rate > Posts by term > Utility Rate Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: energy efficiency Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry energy efficiency FOA aimed at growing expansive database of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Incentives and Policies Graham7781 12 Dec 2012 - 11:30 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank... The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated Glad I could help get you on t... Nick, Thanks very much! That... more Group members (25) Managers: Dloomis Rmckeel Sfomail Recent members: Denizurla Bazouing Gdavis Shehant Anapettirossi Abkatzman BijouLulla Vbugnion

477

Utility Rate Discount | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Discount Discount Jump to: navigation, search A few electric utilities offer rate discounts to encourage residential energy efficiency. For homes that meet certain energy efficiency criteria, such as those established by the federal Energy Star program, the owner or tenant is awarded a percentage discount on each monthÂ’s electric bill. [1] Utility Rate Discount Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 14) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Cleco Power - Power Miser New Home Program (Louisiana) Utility Rate Discount Louisiana Residential Building Insulation Central Air conditioners Clothes Washers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Doors Duct/Air sealing Furnaces Heat pumps Water Heaters Windows Yes Dominion North Carolina Power - Energy Saver Home Plus (North Carolina) Utility Rate Discount North Carolina Residential Water Heaters

478

Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BUILDING BUILDING ENERGY ASSET RATING WORKSHOP December 8-9, 2011 Washington, D.C. Nora Wang (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) Will Gorrissen (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) Molly McCabe (Hayden Tanner, LLC) Cody Taylor (Department of Energy) 1 I Asset Rating D.C. Workshop eere.energy.gov PRE-DECISIONAL Information included in this document is for discussion purposes and does not constitute the final program design. FOR INFORMATION ONLY 2 I Asset Rating D.C. Workshop eere.energy.gov Program Goals * Facilitate cost-effective investment in energy efficiency and reduce energy use in the commercial building sector * Establish a national standard for voluntary commercial building asset rating * Create a tool to help building owners identify and implement

479

Calibration and Rating of Photovoltaics: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Rating the performance of photovoltaic (PV) modules is critical to determining the cost per watt, and efficiency is useful to assess the relative progress among PV concepts. Procedures for determining the efficiency for PV technologies from 1-sun to low concentration to high concentration are discussed. We also discuss the state of the art in primary and secondary calibration of PV reference cells used by calibration laboratories around the world. Finally, we consider challenges to rating PV technologies and areas for improvement.

Emery, K.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Solar Models and NACRE thermonuclear reaction rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the most recent updated physics, calibrated solar models have been computed with the new thermonuclear reaction rates of NACRE, the recently available European compilation. Comparisons with models computed with the reaction rates of Caughlan & Fowler (\\cite{cf88}) and of Adelberger et al. (\\cite{a98}) are made for global structure, expected neutrinos fluxes, chemical composition and sound speed profiles, helioseismological properties of p-modes and g-modes.

P. Morel; B. Pichon; J. Provost; G. Berthomieu

1999-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "growth rates fo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Rate allocation in a remote control structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

measuzes. The quantized control problem, in general, has vector sources with weighted distortion measures. The rate allocation scheme of Goodman, must therefore be modified to allow for vector sources. Chapter 3 will specifically address the problem... of rate allocation given vector sources and weighted distortion measures' Equations will be derived for the case when the measurements and controls are assumed independent and when they are dependent. k + k P k (a) k/k-1 (b) Fig. 2. DPCM (a...

Meadow, Charles Joe

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Kinetics and Mechanisms of Cadmium Carbonate Heteroepitaxial Growth at the Calcite (101¯4) Surface  

SciTech Connect

Elucidating the kinetics and mechanisms of heteroepitaxial nucleation and growth at mineral-water interfaces is essential to understanding surface reactivity in geochemical systems. In the present work, the formation of heteroepitaxial cadmium carbonate coatings at calcite-water interfaces was investigated by exposing calcite (10-14) surfaces to Cd-bearing aqueous solutions. In situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) was employed as the primary technique. The AFM results indicate that the heteroepitaxial growth of cadmium carbonate proceeds via three different mechanisms depending on the initial supersaturation of the aqueous solution: advancement of existing steps, nucleation and growth of three-dimensional (3D) islands, and nucleation and spread of two-dimensional (2D) nuclei. The 3D islands and 2D nuclei exhibit different morphologies and growth kinetics. The effects of supersaturation on heteroepitaxial growth mechanisms can be interpreted in terms of the free energy barrier for nucleation. At low initial supersaturation, where 3D nucleation dominates, it is hypothesized, from the growth rate and morphology of the 3D islands observed with AFM, that the crystallization of the overgrowth follows a non-classical pathway involving the formation of a surface precursor that is not fully crystalline, whereas high supersaturation favors the formation of crystalline 2D nuclei whose morphology is based on the atomic structure of the calcite substrate. Cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images reveal that the atomic structure of the interface between the cadmium carbonate coating and calcite shows perfect, dislocation-free epitaxy.

Xu, Man; Kovarik, Libor; Arey, Bruce W.; Felmy, Andrew R.; Rosso, Kevin M.; Kerisit, Sebastien N.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Pump-1-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Pump-1-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Carters & Russell Pumping System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be...

484

Analysis of Water Rate Escalations Across the United States ...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Analysis of Water Rate Escalations Across the United States Analysis of Water Rate Escalations Across the United States Report describes an analysis of water rate escalations...

485

Photosynthetic pigment concentrations, gas exchange and vegetative growth for selected monocots and dicots treated with two contrasting coal fly ashes  

SciTech Connect

There is uncertainty as to the rates of coal fly ash needed for optimum physiological processes and growth. In the current study we tested the hyothesis that photosynthetic pigments concentrations and CO{sub 2} assimilation (A) are more sensitive than dry weights in plants grown on media amended with coal fly ash. We applied the Terrestrial Plant Growth Test (Guideline 208) protocols of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to monocots (barley (Hordeum vulgare) and ryegrass (Secale cereale)) and dicots (canola (Brasica napus), radish (Raphanus sativus), field peas (Pisum sativum), and lucerne (Medicago sativa)) on media amended with fly ashes derived from semi-bituminous (gray ash) or lignite (red ash) coals at rates of 0, 2.5, 5.0, 10, or 20 Mg ha(-1). The red ash had higher elemental concentrations and salinity than the gray ash. Fly ash addition had no significant effect on germination by any of the six species. At moderate rates ({<=}10 Mg ha{sup -1}) both ashes increased (P < 0.05) growth rates and concentrations of chlorophylls a and b, but reduced carotenoid concentrations. Addition of either ash increased A in radish and transpiration in barley. Growth rates and final dry weights were reduced for all of the six test species when addition rates exceeded 10 Mg ha{sup -1} for gray ash and 5 Mg ha{sup -1} for red ash. We concluded that plant dry weights, rather than pigment concentrations and/or instantaneous rates of photosynthesis, are more consistent for assessing subsequent growth in plants supplied with fly ash.

Yunusa, I.A.M.; Burchett, M.D.; Manoharan, V.; DeSilva, D.L.; Eamus, D.; Skilbeck, C.G. [University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW (Australia). Dept. of Environmental Science

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

Trip rate comparison of workplace and household surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Available vs. Trip Rate) 14 El Paso Household Survey (Household Income vs. Trip Rate) . 15 El Paso Workplace Survey (Household Income vs. Trip Rate) . 52 52 53 53 54 54 16 BPA Household Survey (Household Size vs. Trip Rate) . . 17 BPA Workplace... Survey (Household Size vs. Trip Rate) . . 56 56 18 BPA Household Survey (No. of Employees vs. Trip Rate) . . 19 BPA Workplace Survey (No. of Employees vs. Trip Rate) . . 20 BPA Household Survey (Vehicles Available vs. Trip Rate) . . 21 BPA Workplace...

Endres, Stephen Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

487

Hypersonic Measurements of Roughness-Induced Transient Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of surface roughness on boundary-layer disturbance growth and laminar-to-turbulent transition are not well understood, especially in hypersonic boundary layers. The transient growth mechanism that produces algebraic growth of stream wise...

Sharp, Nicole Susanne

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

488

Property:HeatRate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HeatRate HeatRate Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "HeatRate" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AES Mendota Biomass Facility + 17,873.6 + APS Biomass I Biomass Facility + 8,911 + Acme Landfill Biomass Facility + 12,916.67 + Adrian Energy Associates LLC Biomass Facility + 13,170.6 + Agrilectric Power Partners Ltd Biomass Facility + 17,327.1 + Al Turi Biomass Facility + 15,600.2 + Alabama Pine Pulp Biomass Facility + 15,826.23 + Albany Landfill Gas Utilization Project Biomass Facility + 11,913.9 + Altamont Gas Recovery Biomass Facility + 10,500 + American Canyon Power Plant Biomass Facility + 10,886.8 + American Ref-Fuel of Delaware Valley Biomass Facility + 18,674.9 +

489

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Groups Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Share your own status updates, and follow the updates & activities of others by creating your own account. Or, remember to log in If you already have an account. Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content There is currently no way to s... ranking of utilities by demand charge? FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank... The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated more Group members (28) Managers: Dloomis Rmckeel Sfomail Recent members: MSiira Apin101 Lissacoffey Denizurla Bazouing Gdavis Shehant Anapettirossi Abkatzman BijouLulla Vbugnion Marklane Cbonsig Verdel3c Wisconsin Weatherall Windows Payne Nlong Wzeng 429 Throttled (bot load)

490

Analytical Improvements in PV Degradation Rate Determination  

SciTech Connect

As photovoltaic (PV) penetration of the power grid increases, it becomes vital to know how decreased power output may affect cost over time. In order to predict power delivery, the decline or degradation rates must be determined accurately. For non-spectrally corrected data several complete seasonal cycles (typically 3-5 years) are required to obtain reasonably accurate degradation rates. In a rapidly evolving industry such a time span is often unacceptable and the need exists to determine degradation rates accurately in a shorter period of time. Occurrence of outliers and data shifts are two examples of analytical problems leading to greater uncertainty and therefore to longer observation times. In this paper we compare three methodologies of data analysis for robustness in the presence of outliers, data shifts and shorter measurement time periods.

Jordan, D. C.; Kurtz, S. R.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Critical reaction rates in hypersonic combustion chemistry  

SciTech Connect

High Mach number flight requires that the scramjet propulsion system operate at a relatively low static inlet pressure and a high inlet temperature. These two constraints can lead to extremely high temperatures in the combustor, yielding high densities of radical species and correspondingly poor chemical combustion efficiency. As the temperature drops in the nozzle expansion, recombination of these excess radicals can produce more product species, higher heat yield, and potentially more thrust. The extent to which the chemical efficiency can be enhanced in the nozzle expansion depends directly on the rate of the radical recombination reactions. A comprehensive assessment of the important chemical processes and an experimental validation of the critical rate parameters is therefore required if accurate predictions of scramjet performance are to be obtained. This report covers the identification of critical reactions, and the critical reaction rates in hypersonic combustion chemistry. 4 refs., 2 figs.

Oldenborg, R.C.; Harradine, D.M.; Loge, G.W.; Lyman, J.L.; Schott, G.L.; Winn, K.R.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Intramolecular ET Rates in Modified Ferrocytochromes c  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intramolecular Electron-Transfer Rates on Driving Force, pH, Intramolecular Electron-Transfer Rates on Driving Force, pH, and Temperature in Ammineruthenium-Modified Ferrocytochromes c James F. Wishart, Ji Sun, Myung Cho, Chang Su, and Stephan S. Isied J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 687-693 (1997) [Find paper at ACS Publications] or use ACS Articles on Request Abstract: Several ruthenium ammine complexes were used to modify horse-heart cytochrome c at histidine-33, creating a series of (NH3)4(L)Ru-Cyt c derivatives (L = H2O/OH-, ammonia, 4-ethylpyridine, 3,5-lutidine, pyridine, isonicotinamide, N-methylpyrazinium) with a wide range of driving forces for Fe-to-Ru electron transfer (-DG° = -0.125 to +0.46 eV). Electron-transfer rates and activation parameters were measured by pulse radiolysis using azide or carbonate radicals. The driving-force dependence

493

Growth of vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

We present growth and characterization of visible and near-infrared vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) grown by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy. Discussions on the growth issue of VCSEL materials include growth rate and composition control using an {ital in}{ital situ} normal-incidence reflectometer, comprehensive p- and n-type doping study in AlGaAs by CCl{sub 4} and Si{sub 2}H{sub 6} over the entire composition range, and optimization of ultra-high material uniformity. We also demonstrate our recent achievements of all-AlGaAs VCSELs which include the first room-temperature continuous- wave demonstration of 700-nm red VCSELs and high-efficiency and low- threshold voltage 850-nm VCSELs.

Hou, H.Q.; Hammons, B.E.; Crawford, M.H.; Lear, K.L.; Choquette, K.D.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Experimental quiescent drifting dusty plasmas and temporal dust acoustic wave growth  

SciTech Connect

We report on dust acoustic wave growth rate measurements taken in a dc (anode glow) discharge plasma device. By introducing a mesh with a variable bias 12-17 cm from the anode, we developed a technique to produce a drifting dusty plasma. A secondary dust cloud, free of dust acoustic waves, was trapped adjacent to the anode side of the mesh. When the mesh was returned to its floating potential, the secondary cloud was released and streamed towards the anode and primary dust cloud, spontaneously exciting dust acoustic waves. The amplitude growth of the excited dust acoustic waves was measured directly along with the wavelength and Doppler shifted frequency. These measurements were compared to fluid and kinetic dust acoustic wave theories. As the wave growth saturated a transition from linear to nonlinear waves was observed. The merging of the secondary and primary dust clouds was also observed.

Heinrich, J. R.; Kim, S.-H.; Meyer, J. K.; Merlino, R. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

495

Neutrino Event Rates from Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We recalculate the diffuse flux of high energy neutrinos produced by Gamma Ray Bursts (GRB) in the relativistic fireball model. Although we confirm that the average single burst produces only ~10^{-2} high energy neutrino events in a detector with 1 km^2 effective area, i.e. about 10 events per year, we show that the observed rate is dominated by burst-to-burst fluctuations which are very large. We find event rates that are expected to be larger by one order of magnitude, likely more, which are dominated by a few very bright bursts. This greatly simplifies their detection.

F. Halzen; D. W. Hooper

1999-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

496

Crack propagation driven by crystal growth  

SciTech Connect

Crystals that grow in confinement may exert a force on their surroundings and thereby drive crack propagation in rocks and other materials. We describe a model of crystal growth in an idealized crack geometry in which the crystal growth and crack propagation are coupled through the stress in the surrounding bulk solid. Subcritical crack propagation takes place during a transient period, which may be very long, during which the crack velocity is limited by the kinetics of crack propagation. When the crack is sufficiently large, the crack velocity becomes limited by the kinetics of crystal growth. The duration of the subcritical regime is determined by two non-dimensional parameters, which relate the kinetics of crack propagation and crystal growth to the supersaturation of the fluid and the elastic properties of the surrounding material.

A. Royne; Paul Meaking; A. Malthe-Sorenssen; B. Jamtveit; D. K. Dysthe

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Support Mechanism in Technopolis Toward Green Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The phrase “Green Economy” was first mentioned in ‘Green Economy Blue Book’...by the British economist Pierre published in 1989. Green Economy promotes economic growth, instead of blocking ... at harmonious devel...

Herbert Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Integrated Regulation of Growth and of Function  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In vivo studies have shown that thyrotropin regulates thyroid growth and function. How TSH is able to exert these dramatic effects is not clear. The last decade has seen such refinements in cell culture system...

Margaret C. Eggo; Gerard N. Burrow

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

New Jersey Business Growth Fund (New Jersey)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Creditworthy small or mid-sized companies that are creating or retaining jobs in New Jersey can apply for financing through the New Jersey Business Growth Fund, a joint program of the EDA and PNC...

500

Geothermal Energy Growth Continues, Industry Survey Reports  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A survey released by the Geothermal Energy Association (GEA) shows continued growth in the number of new geothermal power projects under development in the United States, a 20% increase since January of this year.