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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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1

Active Sensors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Active Sensors Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Active Sensors Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Remote Sensing Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Active Sensors Parent Exploration Technique: Remote Sensing Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Detect fault and ground movement, delineate faults, create high-resolution DEMS, quantify fault kinemaics, develop lineament maps, Geophysical Monitoring Hydrological: Can give indications about subsurface geothermal fluid flow Thermal: Dictionary.png Active Sensors: Sensors that emit their own source of energy then measure the

2

NIST, Sensor Science Division, Ultraviolet Radiation Group ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Physicist Sensor Science Division Ultraviolet Radiation Group. ... Ph.D. Optical Sciences and Engineering ... Orlando, FL MS Electrical Engineering, The ...

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

3

Millimeter Wave Group's Publications - Sensors, Detectors & Diagnostic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

> Sensors & Instrumentation > MMW Group's publications DEPARTMENTS Engineering Analysis Nuclear Systems Analysis Research & Test Reactor Nonproliferation and National Security...

4

NIST, Sensor Science Division, Ultraviolet Radiation Group ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uwe Arp. Dr. Uwe Arp is a physicist in the Ultraviolet Radiation Group of the Sensor Science Division in the Physical Measurement Laboratory. ...

2013-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

5

A Decentralized Dynamic Sensor Activation Protocol for Chemical Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the significant amount of energy consumed by chemical sensors for sensing, reducing sensing activity is critical for improving the lifespan of chemical sensor networks. In this paper, we consider a simple decentralized dynamic sensor activation ...

Shanika Karunasekera; Champake Mendis; Alex Skvortsov; Ajith Gunatilaka

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Sensor networks for high-resolution monitoring of volcanic activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We developed and deployed a wireless sensor network for monitoring seismoacoustic activity at Volcán Reventador, Ecuador. Wireless sensor networks are a new technology and our group is among the first to apply them to monitoring volcanoes. The ...

Matt Welsh; Geoff Werner-Allen; Konrad Lorincz; Omar Marcillo; Jeff Johnson; Mario Ruiz; Jonathan Lees

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Low-cost group rekeying for unattended wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are made up of large groups of nodes that perform distributed monitoring services. Since sensor measurements are often sensitive data acquired in hostile environments, securing WSN becomes mandatory. However, WSNs consists ... Keywords: GKM, Rekeying, Security, Sensors, WSN

Juan Hernández-Serrano; Juan Vera-Del-Campo; Josep Pegueroles; Carlos Gañán

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Simulation models for photogate active pixel sensor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The constant reduction in the transistors sizes for the design and the integration of smart sensors on chip requires accurate simulations of electrical characteristics. To this end, new simulation models of photogate active pixel sensor for CMOS imagers ... Keywords: modelling and simulation, optoelectronic devices, photogate active pixel sensor

B. Casadei; C. Dufaza; L. Martin

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Category:Active Sensors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Active Sensors Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the Active Sensors page? For detailed information on exploration techniques, click here. Category:Active Sensors Add.png Add a new Active Sensors Technique Subcategories This category has only the following subcategory. R [×] Radar‎ 5 pages Pages in category "Active Sensors" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. L LiDAR R Radar Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Active_Sensors&oldid=689848"

10

Adaptive algorithms for sensor activation in renewable energy based sensor systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Upcoming sensor networks would be deployed with sensing devices with energy harvesting capabilities from renewable energy sources such as solar power. A key research question in such sensor systems is to maximize the asymptotic event detection probability ... Keywords: Adaptive algorithms, Energy harvesting sensor systems, Sensor activation, Temporal correlations

Neeraj Jaggi, Sreenivas Madakasira, Sandeep Reddy Mereddy, Ravi Pendse

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Asynchronous group key distribution on top of the cc2420 security mechanisms for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A sensor network is a network consisting of small, inexpensive, low-powered sensor nodes that communicate to complete a common task. Sensor nodes are characterized by having limited communication and computation capabilities, energy, and storage. They ... Keywords: cc2420 security, group key distribution, sensor network security

Morten Tranberg Hansen

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Segmenting sensor data for activity monitoring in smart environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within a smart environment, sensors have the ability to perceive changes of the environment itself and can therefore be used to infer high-level information such as activity behaviours. Sensor events collected over a period of time may contain several ... Keywords: Activity detection, Evidential modelling, Smart environments, Time series sensor segmentation

Xin Hong; Chris D. Nugent

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Heat-activated Plasmonic Chemical Sensors for Harsh Environments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cnse.albany.edu cnse.albany.edu Heat-activated Plasmonic Chemical Sensors for Harsh Environments Dr. Michael A. Carpenter College of NanoScale Science and Engineering Energy & Environmental Technology Applications Center University at Albany - SUNY Dr. Sang-Hyun Oh Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Minnesota-Twin Cities 6/11/13 ! Oh group, University of Minnesota Carpenter Group, CNSE cnse.albany.edu Harsh Environment Chemical Sensors Nanocomposite Materials * Optical analysis of Au SPR bands * YSZ, TiO 2 , CeO 2 matrix materials * 500-800°C operating environment * SOFC, Jet engines, turbines * CO, H 2 , NO x , R x S Goals of Research are Two-Fold 1. Develop prototype nanorod materials for use in next generation sensing devices

14

Standard CMOS active pixel image sensors for multimedia applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The task of image acquisition is completely dominated by CCD-based sensors fabricated on specialized process lines. These devices provide an essentially passive means of detecting photons and moving image data across chip. We argue that line widths in ... Keywords: 1024 pixel, CMOS active pixel image sensors, CMOS integrated circuits, color filter array, document capture, gain, image sensors, multimedia, multimedia systems, single chip video cameras, transistors, video cameras

A. Dickinson; B. Ackland; E. -S. Eid; D. Inglis; E. R. Fossum

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Active time scheduling for rechargeable sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent progress in energy harvesting technologies made it possible to build sensor networks with rechargeable nodes which target an indefinitely long operation. In these networks, the goal of energy management is to allocate the available energy such ... Keywords: Energy harvesting, Rechargeable, Sensor network

Volodymyr Pryyma; Damla Turgut; Ladislau Bölöni

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Active pixel sensors for X-ray astronomy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An active pixel sensor array, APS-1, has been fabricated for the purpose of scientific x-ray detection. This thesis presents the results of testing the device. Alternate design architectures are explored. Recommendations ...

Cohen, Matthew (Matthew L.)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

The Sandia MEMS passive shock sensor : FY07 maturation activities.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes activities conducted in FY07 to mature the MEMS passive shock sensor. The first chapter of the report provides motivation and background on activities that are described in detail in later chapters. The second chapter discusses concepts that are important for integrating the MEMS passive shock sensor into a system. Following these two introductory chapters, the report details modeling and design efforts, packaging, failure analysis and testing and validation. At the end of FY07, the MEMS passive shock sensor was at TRL 4.

Houston, Jack E.; Blecke, Jill; Mitchell, John Anthony; Wittwer, Jonathan W.; Crowson, Douglas A.; Clemens, Rebecca C.; Walraven, Jeremy Allen; Epp, David S.; Baker, Michael Sean

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Proceedings of the DOE/Industry Sensor Working Group meeting, Austin, Texas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper report contains topics presented at a sensor workshop group meeting. The topics describe measuring instruments of use in the pulp and paper industry. Topics include: measurement of solids fraction; process instrumentation research for the pulp paper industry; real-time non-contact optical surface motion monitor; on-machine sensors to measure paper mechanical properties; hierarchical intelligent control of industrial processes -- an in-parallel lime kiln application; proposal for research on lignin concentration measurement in pulping liquors; and advanced polymeric sensor materials for industrial drying.

Not Available

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Evaluation function of sensor position for activity recognition considering wearability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the wearable computing environment, a computer provides many kinds of services by using the values from wearable sensors to recognize the user's movements or situations. In the research on activity recognition, accelerometers are attached on the user's ... Keywords: accelerometer, activity recognition, wearability

Kazuya Murao, Haruka Mogari, Tsutomu Terada, Masahiko Tsukamoto

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Deploying a wireless sensor network on an active volcano  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Augmenting heavy and power-hungry data collection equipment with lighter, smaller wireless sensor network nodes leads to faster,larger deployments. Arrays comprising dozens of wireless sensor nodes are now possible,allowing scientific studies that aren’t feasible with traditional instrumentation. Designing sensor networks to support volcanic studies requires addressing the high data rates and high data fidelity these studies demand. The authors ’ sensor-network application for volcanic data collection relies on triggered event detection and reliable data retrieval to meet bandwidth and data-quality demands. Wireless sensor networks — in which numerous resource-limited nodes are linked via low-bandwidth wireless radios — have been the focus of intense research during the past few years. Since their conception, they’ve excited a range of scientific communities because of their potential to facilitate data acquisition and scientific studies. Collaborations between computer scientists and other domain scientists have produced networks that can record data at a scale and resolution not previously possible. Taking this progress one step further, wireless sensor networks can potentially advance the pursuit of geophysical studies of volcanic activity. Two years ago, our team of computer scientists at Harvard University began collaborating with volcanologists at the University of North Carolina, the University of New Hampshire, and the Instituto

Konrad Lorincz; Matt Welsh; Omar Marcillo; Jeff Johnson; Mario Ruiz; Jonathan Lees

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

µMAG: Micromagnetic Modeling Activity Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Understanding these structures is key to technologies such as information storage, spintronics, and sensors as well as to the use of magnetism to ...

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

22

Deploying a Wireless Sensor Network on an Active Volcano  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Augmenting heavy and power-hungry data collection equipment with lighter, smaller wireless sensor network nodes leads to faster, larger deployments. Arrays comprising dozens of wireless sensor nodes are now possible, allowing scientific studies that ... Keywords: wireless sensor networks, sensor network applications, sensor network nodes, volcano research

Geoffrey Werner-Allen; Konrad Lorincz; Matt Welsh; Omar Marcillo; Jeff Johnson; Mario Ruiz; Jonathan Lees

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Activity recognition with end-user sensor installation in the home  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, a system for recognizing activities in the home setting that uses a set of small and simple state-change sensors, machine learning algorithms, and electronic experience sampling is introduced. The sensors are ...

Rockinson, Randy Joseph

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Multi-sensor activation for temporally correlated event monitoring with renewable energy sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future sensor networks would comprise sensing devices with energy-harvesting capabilities from renewable energy sources, such as solar power. This paper focuses on design of efficient algorithms for multi-sensor activation to optimise overall ...

Neeraj Jaggi; Koushik Kar

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Error Sensor Placement for Active Control of an Axial Cooling Fan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Recent experimental achievements in active noise control (ANC) for cooling fans have used near-field error sensors whose locations are determined according to a theoretical condition… (more)

Shafer, Benjamin M 1979-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Passive Sensors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Passive Sensors Passive Sensors Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Passive Sensors Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Remote Sensing Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Passive Sensors Parent Exploration Technique: Remote Sensing Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Mineral maps can be used to show the presence of hydrothermal minerals and mineral assemblages Stratigraphic/Structural: Map structures/faults and regional strain rates Hydrological: Map surface water features Thermal: Map surface temperatures Dictionary.png Passive Sensors: Sensors that measure energy which is naturally available in the environment. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle

27

Explaining Activities as Consistent Groups of Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a method for disambiguating uncertain detections of events by seeking global explanations for activities. Given a noisy visual input, and exploiting our knowledge of the activity and its constraints, one can provide a consistent set of events ... Keywords: Activity analysis, Event recognition, Global explanations

Dima Damen; David Hogg

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Layout techniques for radiation hardening of standard CMOS active pixel sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a radiation hardened Active Pixel Sensor implemented in a standard 0.35?m CMOS process. The integrated circuit is composed of a 64x64 pixel matrix with a 25?m pixel pitch and has four different pixel architectures. There ... Keywords: CMOS, active pixel sensor, radiation hardeness

Leo Huf Campos Braga; Suzana Domingues; Milton F. Rocha; Leonardo Bruno Sá; Fernando Campos; Filipe V. Santos; Antonio Carneiro Mesquita; Mário Vaz Silva; Jacobus W. Swart

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Grouping active contour fragments for object recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we try to address the challenging problem of combining local shape features to describe long and continuous shape characteristics. To this end, we firstly propose a novel type of local shape feature, namely Active Contour Fragment (ACF), ...

Wei Zheng, Songlin Song, Hong Chang, Xilin Chen

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Nuclear Activity in UZC Compact Groups of Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyse the level of nuclear activity in galaxies belonging to UZC-CGs. Spectra are available for 868 galaxies (90% of the whole catalog); 67 % of them show nuclear activity (AGN or Star formation). To carry out a detailed study about the nuclear activity and its relationship with properties of the host galaxy and parent group we select a sample of 215 groups with spectra available for all their members. From the analysis of this sample and using diagnostic diagrams to do the nuclear classification we found that 37% of emission galaxies host an HII nuclear region, 43% an AGN and 20% a Transition Object. AGNs are located mainly in bright early type galaxies meanwhile HII are in fainter and later types. Groups dominated by HII show significant lower velocity dispersions and larger sizes than groups dominated by AGNs or TO.

M. A. Martinez; A. del Olmo; P. Focardi; J. Perea

2006-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

31

Sensors in the wild: exploring electrodermal activity in child-robot interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent advances in biosensor technology enabled the appearance of commercial wireless sensors that can measure electrodermal activity (EDA) in user's everyday settings. In this paper, we investigate the potential benefits of measuring EDA to better understand ... Keywords: affect recognition, children, electrodermal activity, social robots

Iolanda Leite; Rui Henriques; Carlos Martinho; Ana Paiva

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

HVDC Cables Interest Group: Summary of 2012 Activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A diverse international group of participants has been assembled, with special knowledge and interests in high-voltage direct-current (HVDC) cable technology applications. A forum has been developed for the free exchange of technical information between leading power utility engineers and researchers who are actively engaged in the practical world of HVDC system applications as well as those planning future R&D activities. This report describes results of the first year of the HVDC Cables ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

33

Modeling of Power and Energy Transduction of Embedded Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors for Structural Health Monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

applications. The electrical and mechanical power analysis at the PWAS structure interface indicates all on the tuning effects. Second, we studied the PWAS receiver structural interface acoustic and electrical energy1 Modeling of Power and Energy Transduction of Embedded Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors

Giurgiutiu, Victor

34

Participatory sensing in public spaces: activating urban surfaces with sensor probes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent convergence between low-cost technology, artform and political discourse presents a new design space for enabling public participation and expression. We explore non-experts' use of place-based, modular sensors to activate, author and provoke ... Keywords: participatory sensing, public spaces, urban probes

Stacey Kuznetsov; Eric Paulos

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Groups  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

groups/all/feed en Buildings groups/all/feed en Buildings http://en.openei.org/community/group/buildings Description: This group is dedicated to discussions about green buildings, energy use in buildings, occupant comfort in buildings, and building technologies. The OpenEI Buildings Community Group will be dedicated to discussions, blogs, and postings about new building technologies, green buildings, energy use in buildings, and occupant experience (comfort levels) in green buildings.group/buildings" target="_blank">read more architecture building reviews buildings technology comfort energy use facilities management green building LEED technologies usgbc

36

Property:ExplorationSubGroup | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ExplorationSubGroup ExplorationSubGroup Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ExplorationSubGroup Property Type Page Description Exploration sub groups for exploration activities Pages using the property "ExplorationSubGroup" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe Survey + Data Collection and Mapping + A Acoustic Logs + Well Log Techniques + Active Seismic Methods + Seismic Techniques + Active Seismic Techniques + Seismic Techniques + Active Sensors + Active Sensors + Aerial Photography + Passive Sensors + Aeromagnetic Survey + Magnetic Techniques + Airborne Electromagnetic Survey + Electrical Techniques + Airborne Gravity Survey + Gravity Techniques + Analytical Modeling + Modeling Techniques + Audio-Magnetotellurics + Electrical Techniques +

37

HSS Focus Group Meeting (Activities Status) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for Download Meeting Agenda Meeting Summary and Participants Draft Work Group Matrix Key Milestone Status Chart (June 15, 2011) HSS Project - Cumulative Progress Chart...

38

Studying Altocumulus with Ice Virga Using Ground-Based Active and Passive Remote Sensors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Studying Altocumulus with Ice Virga Using Ground-Based Studying Altocumulus with Ice Virga Using Ground-Based Active and Passive Remote Sensors Z. Wang Goddard Earth Science and Technology Center University of Maryland, Baltimore County College Park, Maryland Z. Wang, D. N. Whiteman, and B. B. Demoz Mesoscale Atmospheric Processes Branch National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland K. Sassen Geophysical Institute University of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska Introduction Clouds not only play crucial roles in regulating the Earth-atmosphere system energy budget, but also the atmospheric hydrological cycle. The impact of a cloud system strongly depends on the cloud microphysical properties and its vertical extent (Stephens et al. 1990). Although clouds can contain only

39

A Tracker for the Mu3e Experiment based on High-Voltage Monolithic Active Pixel Sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Mu3e experiment searches for the lepton flavour violating decay mu+ -> e+e-e+, aiming for a branching fraction sensitivity of 10^-16. This requires an excellent momentum resolution for low energy electrons, high rate capability and a large acceptance. In order to minimize multiple scattering, the amount of material has to be as small as possible. These challenges can be met with a tracker built from high-voltage monolithic active pixel sensors (HV-MAPS), which can be thinned to 50 um and which incorporate the complete read-out electronics on the sensor chip. To further minimise material, the sensors are supported by a mechanical structure built from 25 um thick Kapton foil and cooled with gaseous helium.

Berger, Niklaus; Bachmann, Sebastian; Kiehn, Moritz; Peri?, Ivan; Perrevoort, Ann-Kathrin; Philipp, Raphael; Schöning, André; Stumpf, Kevin; Wiedner, Dirk; Windelband, Bernd; Zimmermann, Marco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

A Tracker for the Mu3e Experiment based on High-Voltage Monolithic Active Pixel Sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Mu3e experiment searches for the lepton flavour violating decay mu+ -> e+e-e+, aiming for a branching fraction sensitivity of 10^-16. This requires an excellent momentum resolution for low energy electrons, high rate capability and a large acceptance. In order to minimize multiple scattering, the amount of material has to be as small as possible. These challenges can be met with a tracker built from high-voltage monolithic active pixel sensors (HV-MAPS), which can be thinned to 50 um and which incorporate the complete read-out electronics on the sensor chip. To further minimise material, the sensors are supported by a mechanical structure built from 25 um thick Kapton foil and cooled with gaseous helium.

Niklaus Berger; Heiko Augustin; Sebastian Bachmann; Moritz Kiehn; Ivan Peri?; Ann-Kathrin Perrevoort; Raphael Philipp; André Schöning; Kevin Stumpf; Dirk Wiedner; Bernd Windelband; Marco Zimmermann

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Application of piezoelectric active-sensors for SHM of wind turbine blades  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of this study is to characterize the dynamic response of a CX-100 wind blade and the design parameters of SHM techniques as they apply to wind turbine blades, and to investigate the performance of high-frequency active-sensing SHM techniques, including lamb wave and frequency response functions, as a way to monitor the health of a wind turbine blade. The results of the dynamic characterization will be used to validate a numerical model and understand the effect of structural damage on the performance of the blades. The focus of SHM study is to assess and compare the performance of each method in identifying incipient damage, with a special consideration given to field deployability. For experiments, a 9-m CX-100 blade was used. Overall, the methods yielded sufficient damage detection to warrant further investigation into field deployment. This paper also summarizes the SHM results of a full-scale fatigue test of 9-m CX-100 blade using piezoelectric active-sensors.

Park, Gyuhae [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Taylor, Stuart G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Farinholt, Kevin M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Farrar, Charles R [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

42

SAMOS: a model for monitoring students' and groups' activities in collaborative e-learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the issue of monitoring students' and groups' activities in online collaborative learning environments. Such monitoring can provide valuable information to online instructors, who may guide and support the development of efficient ... Keywords: JIT, activity levels, collaborative learning, e-learning, educational data analysis, educational technology, group monitoring, just-in-, learning technology, online learning, student monitoring, time assistance

Angel A. Juan; Thanasis Daradoumis; Javier Faulin; Fatos Xhafa

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

The Nature of the Activity in Hickson Compact Groups of Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of the spectral classification of the 82 brightest galaxies in a sample of 17 compact groups. We verify that the AGNs are preferentially located in the most early-type and luminous galaxies of the groups, as is usually observed in the field. But these AGNs also appear to be systematically concentrated towards the central parts of the groups. Our observations suggest a correlation between activity types, morphologies and densities of galaxies in the compact groups. This is consistent with a scenario in which galaxies of compact groups evolve by interacting with their environment and are currently in a quiet phase of their activity

Roger Coziol; André L. B. Ribeiro; Reinaldo R. de Carvalho; Hugo V. Capelato

1997-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

44

Activity recognition in the home setting using simple and ubiquitous sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the past several years, researchers have demonstrated that when new wireless sensors are placed in the home environment, data collected from them can be used by software to automatically infer context, such as the ...

Munguia Tapia, Emmanuel, 1978-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

iCalm: Wearable Sensor and Network Architecture for Wirelessly Communicating and Logging Autonomic Activity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Widespread use of affective sensing in healthcare applications has been limited due to several practical factors, such as lack of comfortable wearable sensors, lack of wireless standards, and lack of low-power affordable ...

Dobson, Kelly

46

Sensor readout detector circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensor readout detector circuit is disclosed that is capable of detecting sensor signals down to a few nanoamperes or less in a high (microampere) background noise level. The circuit operates at a very low standby power level and is triggerable by a sensor event signal that is above a predetermined threshold level. A plurality of sensor readout detector circuits can be formed on a substrate as an integrated circuit (IC). These circuits can operate to process data from an array of sensors in parallel, with only data from active sensors being processed for digitization and analysis. This allows the IC to operate at a low power level with a high data throughput for the active sensors. The circuit may be used with many different types of sensors, including photodetectors, capacitance sensors, chemically-sensitive sensors or combinations thereof to provide a capability for recording transient events or for recording data for a predetermined period of time following an event trigger. The sensor readout detector circuit has applications for portable or satellite-based sensor systems. 6 figs.

Chu, D.D.; Thelen, D.C. Jr.

1998-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

47

Sensor readout detector circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensor readout detector circuit is disclosed that is capable of detecting sensor signals down to a few nanoamperes or less in a high (microampere) background noise level. The circuit operates at a very low standby power level and is triggerable by a sensor event signal that is above a predetermined threshold level. A plurality of sensor readout detector circuits can be formed on a substrate as an integrated circuit (IC). These circuits can operate to process data from an array of sensors in parallel, with only data from active sensors being processed for digitization and analysis. This allows the IC to operate at a low power level with a high data throughput for the active sensors. The circuit may be used with many different types of sensors, including photodetectors, capacitance sensors, chemically-sensitive sensors or combinations thereof to provide a capability for recording transient events or for recording data for a predetermined period of time following an event trigger. The sensor readout detector circuit has applications for portable or satellite-based sensor systems.

Chu, Dahlon D. (Albuquerque, NM); Thelen, Jr., Donald C. (Bozeman, MT)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

TIP Project Brief 080011 Self Powered Wireless Sensor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... AE sensors will be complemented with active piezoelectric sensors that ... These elements include development of the energy harvesting system, the ...

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

49

Pulverizer Interest Group Interim Report: Research Activities January 2000 to October 2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI formed the Pulverizer Interest Group in 1996 to support utility efforts to optimize pulverizer performance. This report summarizes group activities from January 2000 through October 2000, including shallow bowl mill testing, computational fluid dynamics modeling, and development of a numerical grinding model.

2000-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

50

Property:ExplorationGroup | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ExplorationGroup ExplorationGroup Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ExplorationGroup Property Type Page Description Exploration Group for Exploration Activities Pages using the property "ExplorationGroup" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe Survey + Field Techniques + A Acoustic Logs + Downhole Techniques + Active Seismic Methods + Geophysical Techniques + Active Seismic Techniques + Geophysical Techniques + Active Sensors + Remote Sensing Techniques +, Remote Sensing Techniques + Aerial Photography + Remote Sensing Techniques + Aeromagnetic Survey + Geophysical Techniques + Airborne Electromagnetic Survey + Geophysical Techniques + Airborne Gravity Survey + Geophysical Techniques + Analytical Modeling + Data and Modeling Techniques +

51

THE MERGER HISTORY, ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEUS, AND DWARF GALAXIES OF HICKSON COMPACT GROUP 59  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compact group galaxies often appear unaffected by their unusually dense environment. Closer examination can, however, reveal the subtle, cumulative effects of multiple galaxy interactions. Hickson Compact Group (HCG) 59 is an excellent example of this situation. We present a photometric study of this group in the optical (Hubble Space Telescope), infrared (Spitzer), and X-ray (Chandra) regimes aimed at characterizing the star formation and nuclear activity in its constituent galaxies and intra-group medium. We associate five dwarf galaxies with the group and update the velocity dispersion, leading to an increase in the dynamical mass of the group of up to a factor of 10 (to 2.8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 13} M{sub Sun }), and a subsequent revision of its evolutionary stage. Star formation is proceeding at a level consistent with the morphological types of the four main galaxies, of which two are star-forming and the other are two quiescent. Unlike in some other compact groups, star-forming complexes across HCG 59 closely follow mass-radius scaling relations typical of nearby galaxies. In contrast, the ancient globular cluster populations in galaxies HCG 59A and B show intriguing irregularities, and two extragalactic H II regions are found just west of B. We age-date a faint stellar stream in the intra-group medium at {approx}1 Gyr to examine recent interactions. We detect a likely low-luminosity active galactic nucleus in HCG 59A by its {approx}10{sup 40} erg s{sup -1} X-ray emission; the active nucleus rather than star formation can account for the UV+IR spectral energy distribution. We discuss the implications of our findings in the context of galaxy evolution in dense environments.

Konstantopoulos, I. S.; Charlton, J. C.; Brandt, W. N.; Eracleous, M.; Gronwall, C. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Gallagher, S. C.; Fedotov, K.; Hill, A. R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 3K7 (Canada); Durrell, P. R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, OH 44555 (United States); Tzanavaris, P.; Hornschemeier, A. E. [Laboratory for X-ray Astrophysics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Zabludoff, A. I. [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Maier, M. L. [Gemini Observatory, Casilla 603, Colina el Pino S/N, La Serena (Chile); Elmegreen, D. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY 12604 (United States); Johnson, K. E.; Walker, L. M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P. O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); Maybhate, A. [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD (United States); English, J. [University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MN (Canada); Mulchaey, J. S., E-mail: iraklis@astro.psu.edu [Carnegie Observatories, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States)

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

52

BudkerINP contribution to the ATLAS TDAQ SysAdmin group activities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Infrastructure · ATLAS TDAQ SysAdmin Group Activities ­ IT infrastructure management technologies involved and maintenance of the computing infrastructure, ­ commissioning of new hardware items. · All these tasks Coordination, CERN IT Department) dealing with other aspects of maintenance and operation of ATLAS experiment

53

On the Group-Velocity Property for Wave-Activity Conservation Laws  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The density and the flux of wave-activity conservation laws are generally required to satisfy the group-velocity property: under the WKB approximation (i.e., for nearly monochromatic small-amplitude waves in a slowly varying medium), the flux ...

J. Vanneste; T. G. Shepherd

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Activities of the U.S.-Japan Safety Monitor Joint Working Group  

SciTech Connect

This paper documents the activities of the US-Japan exchange in the area of personnel safety at magnetic and laser fusion experiments. A near-miss event with a visiting scientist to the US in 1992 was the impetus for forming the Joint Working Group on Fusion Safety. This exchange has been under way for over ten years and has provided many safety insights for both US and Japanese facility personnel at national institutes and at universities. The background and activities of the Joint Working Group are described, including the facilities that have been visited for safety walkthroughs, the participants from both countries, and the main safety issues examined during visits. Based on these visits, some operational safety ideas to enhance experiment safety are given. The near-term future plans of the Safety Monitor Joint Working Group are also discussed.

Savercool, R.L. [General Atomics (United States); Cadwallader, L.C. [Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (United States)

2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

55

Activities of the OECD/NEA Expert Group on Assay Data for Spent Nuclear Fuel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Management of spent nuclear fuel is a key issue for many NEA member countries. In nuclear criticality safety, the decision of many countries to advance burnup credit as part of their licensing strategy has heightened recent interest in experimental data needed to validate computer codes used in burnup credit calculations. This paper discusses recent activities of an Expert Group on assay data, formed under the OECD/NEA/NSC/WPNCS (Working Party on Nuclear Criticality Safety) to help coordinate isotopic assay data activities and facilitate international collaboration between NEA member countries developing or implementing burnup credit methodologies. Recent activities of the Expert Group are described, focusing on the planned expansion of the Spent Fuel Isotopic Composition Database (SFCOMPO), and preparation of a state-of-the-art report on assay data that includes sections on recommended radiochemical analysis methods, techniques, and lessons learned from previous experiments.

Gauld, Ian C [ORNL; Rugama, Yolanda [OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

FRESH ACTIVITY IN OLD SYSTEMS: RADIO AGNs IN FOSSIL GROUPS OF GALAXIES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the first systematic 1.4 GHz Very Large Array radio continuum survey of fossil galaxy group candidates. These are virialized systems believed to have assembled over a gigayear in the past through the merging of galaxy group members into a single, isolated, massive elliptical galaxy and featuring an extended hot X-ray halo. We use new photometric and spectroscopic data from Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7 to determine that three of the candidates are clearly not fossil groups. Of the remaining 30 candidates, 67% contain a radio-loud (L{sub 1.4GHz} > 10{sup 23} W Hz{sup -1}) active galactic nucleus (AGN) at the center of their dominant elliptical galaxy. We find a weak correlation between the radio luminosity of the AGN and the X-ray luminosity of the halo suggesting that the AGN contributes to energy deposition into the intragroup medium. We only find a correlation between the radio and optical luminosity of the central elliptical galaxy when we include X-ray-selected, elliptically dominated non-fossil groups, indicating a weak relationship between AGN strength and the mass assembly history of the groups. The dominant elliptical galaxy of fossil groups is on average roughly an order of magnitude more luminous than normal group elliptical galaxies in optical, X-ray, and radio luminosities and our findings are consistent with previous results that the radio-loud fraction in elliptical galaxies is linked to the stellar mass of a population. The current level of activity in fossil groups suggests that AGN fueling continues long after the last major merger. We discuss several possibilities for fueling the AGN at the present epoch.

Hess, Kelley M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7701 (South Africa); Wilcots, Eric M.; Hartwick, Victoria L., E-mail: hess@ast.uct.ac.za, E-mail: ewilcots@astro.wisc.edu, E-mail: vhartwick@wisc.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

57

Underwater wireless ad hoc sensor networks are aimed at remotely monitoring various aquatic activities, such as marine biological and zoological lives, geological changes, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Underwater wireless ad hoc sensor networks are aimed at remotely monitoring various aquatic activities, such as marine biological and zoological lives, geological changes, and underwater quality of service is more difficult in underwater net- works due to large underwater propagation delay

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

58

Review: The impact of agricultural activities on water quality: A case for collaborative catchment-scale management using integrated wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The challenge of improving water quality is a growing global concern, typified by the European Commission Water Framework Directive and the United States Clean Water Act. The main drivers of poor water quality are economics, poor water management, agricultural ... Keywords: Agricultural activities, Catchment, Collaborative, Water quality monitoring and management, Wireless sensor networks

Huma Zia, Nick R. Harris, Geoff V. Merrett, Mark Rivers, Neil Coles

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sensors and Controls Sensors and Controls Research to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research Water Heating Research Lighting Research

60

Hydrology Group - Technologies & Products  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technologies & Products Systems & Sensors Water Fluxmeter Software & Models Fish Individual-based Numerical Simulator (FINS ) FRAMES 1.x ReActive Flow and Transport of Groundwater...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Mitigating container security risk using real-time monitoring with active Radio Frequency Identification and sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The global village in which we live enables increased trade and commerce across regions but also brings a complicated new set of challenges such as terrorist activity, human and drug smuggling and theft in foreign or ...

Schlesinger, Adam Ian

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Continuous Water Vapor Profiles from Operational Ground—Based Active and Passive Remote Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program's Southern Great Plains Cloud and Radiation Testbed site central facility near Lamont, Oklahoma, offers unique operational water vapor profiling capabilities, including active and passive remote ...

D. D. Turner; W. F. Feltz; R. A. Ferrare

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Vibration detection in turbomachinery using non-contacting sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent developments have seen the introduction of multiple Eddy Current Sensors (ECS) into turbomachinery. These sensors employ an active magnetic field to monitor each blade as it passes the sensor. They generate an ...

Cohen, Eric D., M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Hydrogen Sensor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sensor for detectingquantitating hydrogen and hydrogen isotopes includes a sampling line and a microplasma generator that excites hydrogen from a gas sample and produces...

65

Making a difference: Ten case studies of DSM/IRP interactive efforts and related advocacy group activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses the activities of organizations that seek to promote integrated resource planning and aggressive, cost-effective demand-side management by utilities. The activities of such groups -- here called energy efficiency advocacy groups (EEAGs) -- are examined in ten detailed am studies. Nine of the cases involve some form of interactive effort between investor-owned electric utilities and non-utility to develop policies, plans, or programs cooperatively. Many but not all of the interactive efforts examined are formal collaboratives. In addition, all ten cases include discussion of other EEAG activities, such as coalition-building, research, participation in statewide energy planning, and intervention in regulatory proceedings.

English, M.; Schexnayder, S.; Altman, J. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center; Schweitzer, M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Modelling symmetry of activity as an indicator of collocated group collaboration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are many contexts where it would be helpful to model the collaboration of a group. In learning settings, this is important for classroom teachers and for students learning collaboration skills. Our approach exploits the digital and audio footprints ... Keywords: clustering, collaborative learning, collocated collaboration, group modelling, groupware, tabletop

Roberto Martinez; Judy Kay; James R. Wallace; Kalina Yacef

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Capacitive proximity sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A proximity sensor based on a closed field circuit is disclosed. The circuit comprises a ring oscillator using a symmetrical array of plates that creates an oscillating displacement current. The displacement current varies as a function of the proximity of objects to the plate array. Preferably the plates are in the form of a group of three pair of symmetric plates having a common center, arranged in a hexagonal pattern with opposing plates linked as a pair. The sensor produces logic level pulses suitable for interfacing with a computer or process controller. The proximity sensor can be incorporated into a load cell, a differential pressure gauge, or a device for measuring the consistency of a characteristic of a material where a variation in the consistency causes the dielectric constant of the material to change. 14 figs.

Kronberg, J.W.

1994-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

68

Final Report: Main Group Element Chemistry in Service of Hydrogen Storage and Activation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Replacing combustion of carbon-based fuels with alternative energy sources that have minimal environmental impact is one of the grand scientific and technological challenges of the early 21st century. Not only is it critical to capture energy from new, renewable sources, it is also necessary to store the captured energy efficiently and effectively for use at the point of service when and where it is needed, which may not be collocated with the collection site. There are many potential storage media but we focus on the storage of energy in chemical bonds. It is more efficient to store energy on a per weight basis in chemical bonds. This is because it is hard to pack electrons into small volumes with low weight without the use of chemical bonds. The focus of the project was the development of new chemistries to enable DOE to meet its technical objectives for hydrogen storage using chemical hydrogen storage systems. We provided computational chemistry support in terms of thermodynamics, kinetics, and properties prediction in support of the experimental efforts of the DOE Center of Excellence for Chemical Hydrogen Storage. The goal of the Center is to store energy in chemical bonds involving hydrogen atoms. Once the hydrogen is stored in a set of X-H/Y-H bonds, the hydrogen has to be easily released and the depleted fuel regenerated very efficiently. This differs substantially from our current use of fossil fuel energy sources where the reactant is converted to energy plus CO2 (coal) or CO2 and H2O (gasoline, natural gas), which are released into the atmosphere. In future energy storage scenarios, the spent fuel will be captured and the energy storage medium regenerated. This places substantial additional constraints on the chemistry. The goal of the computational chemistry work was to reduce the time to design new materials and develop materials that meet the 2010 and 2015 DOE objectives in terms of weight percent, volume, release time, and regeneration ability. This goal was met in terms of reducing the number of costly experiments and helping to focus the experimental effort on the potentially optimal targets. We have used computational chemistry approaches to predict the thermodynamic properties of a wide range of compounds containing boron, nitrogen, hydrogen, and other elements as appropriate including carbon. These calculations were done in most cases with high level molecular orbital theory methods that have small error bars on the order of ± 1 to 2 kcal/mol. The results were used to benchmark more approximate methods such as density functional theory for larger systems and for database development. We predicted reliable thermodynamics for thousands of compounds for release and regeneration schemes to aid/guide materials design and process design and simulation. These are the first reliable computed values for these compounds and for many represent the only available values. Overall, the computational results have provided us with new insights into the chemistry of main group and organic-base chemical hydrogen systems from the release of hydrogen to the regeneration of spent fuel. A number of experimental accomplishments were also made in this project. The experimental work on hydrogen storage materials centered on activated polarized ?- or ?-bonded frameworks that hold the potential for ready dihydrogen activation, uptake, and eventually release. To this end, a large number of non-traditional valence systems including carbenes, cyanocarbons, and C-B and and B-N systems were synthesized and examined. During the course of these studies an important lead arose from the novel valency of a class of stable organic singlet bi-radical systems. A synthetic strategy to an “endless” hydrogen storage polymer has been developed based on our cyanocarbon chemistry. A key issue with the synthetic efforts was being able to link the kinetics of release with the size of the substituents as it was difficult to develop a low molecular weight molecule with the right kinetics. A novel hydrogen activation process has been developed

David A. Dixon; Anthony J. Arduengo, III

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

69

Final Report: Main Group Element Chemistry in Service of Hydrogen Storage and Activation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Replacing combustion of carbon-based fuels with alternative energy sources that have minimal environmental impact is one of the grand scientific and technological challenges of the early 21st century. Not only is it critical to capture energy from new, renewable sources, it is also necessary to store the captured energy efficiently and effectively for use at the point of service when and where it is needed, which may not be collocated with the collection site. There are many potential storage media but we focus on the storage of energy in chemical bonds. It is more efficient to store energy on a per weight basis in chemical bonds. This is because it is hard to pack electrons into small volumes with low weight without the use of chemical bonds. The focus of the project was the development of new chemistries to enable DOE to meet its technical objectives for hydrogen storage using chemical hydrogen storage systems. We provided computational chemistry support in terms of thermodynamics, kinetics, and properties prediction in support of the experimental efforts of the DOE Center of Excellence for Chemical Hydrogen Storage. The goal of the Center is to store energy in chemical bonds involving hydrogen atoms. Once the hydrogen is stored in a set of X-H/Y-H bonds, the hydrogen has to be easily released and the depleted fuel regenerated very efficiently. This differs substantially from our current use of fossil fuel energy sources where the reactant is converted to energy plus CO2 (coal) or CO2 and H2O (gasoline, natural gas), which are released into the atmosphere. In future energy storage scenarios, the spent fuel will be captured and the energy storage medium regenerated. This places substantial additional constraints on the chemistry. The goal of the computational chemistry work was to reduce the time to design new materials and develop materials that meet the 2010 and 2015 DOE objectives in terms of weight percent, volume, release time, and regeneration ability. This goal was met in terms of reducing the number of costly experiments and helping to focus the experimental effort on the potentially optimal targets. We have used computational chemistry approaches to predict the thermodynamic properties of a wide range of compounds containing boron, nitrogen, hydrogen, and other elements as appropriate including carbon. These calculations were done in most cases with high level molecular orbital theory methods that have small error bars on the order of ± 1 to 2 kcal/mol. The results were used to benchmark more approximate methods such as density functional theory for larger systems and for database development. We predicted reliable thermodynamics for thousands of compounds for release and regeneration schemes to aid/guide materials design and process design and simulation. These are the first reliable computed values for these compounds and for many represent the only available values. Overall, the computational results have provided us with new insights into the chemistry of main group and organic-base chemical hydrogen systems from the release of hydrogen to the regeneration of spent fuel. A number of experimental accomplishments were also made in this project. The experimental work on hydrogen storage materials centered on activated polarized ?- or ?-bonded frameworks that hold the potential for ready dihydrogen activation, uptake, and eventually release. To this end, a large number of non-traditional valence systems including carbenes, cyanocarbons, and C-B and and B-N systems were synthesized and examined. During the course of these studies an important lead arose from the novel valency of a class of stable organic singlet bi-radical systems. A synthetic strategy to an “endless” hydrogen storage polymer has been developed based on our cyanocarbon chemistry. A key issue with the synthetic efforts was being able to link the kinetics of release with the size of the substituents as it was difficult to develop a low molecular weight molecule with the right kinetics. A novel hydrogen activation process has been developed

David A. Dixon; Anthony J. Arduengo, III

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

70

Vocalization characteristics of North Atlantic right whale surface active groups in the calving habitat, southeastern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Passive acoustic surveys were conducted to assess the vocal behavior of North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) in the designated critical calving habitat along the shallow coastal waters of southeastern United States. Underwater vocalizations were recorded using autonomous buoys deployed in close proximity to surface active groups (SAGs). Nine main vocalization types were identified with manual inspection of spectrograms

Vasilis Trygonis; Edmund Gerstein; Stephen McCulloch

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Effects of applying STR for group learning activities on learning performance in a synchronous cyber classroom  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study aimed to apply Speech to Text Recognition (STR) for individual oral presentations and group discussions of students in a synchronous cyber classroom. An experiment was conducted to analyze the effectiveness of applying STR on learning performance. ... Keywords: Computer-mediated communication, Distance education and telelearning, Improving classroom teaching, Pedagogical issues, cooperative/collaborative learning

Tony C. T. Kuo; Rustam Shadiev; Wu-Yuin Hwang; Nian-Shing Chen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Sensors, Instrumentation Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sensors, Instrumentation Systems science-innovationassetsimagesicon-science.jpg Sensors, Instrumentation Systems National security depends on science and technology. The...

73

Ion-mobility Spectrometry Based NOx Sensor - Nuclear Engineering Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NPNS > Sensors and NPNS > Sensors and Instrumentation and NDE > Energy System Application > DOE Office of Transportation Technologies > Ion-mobility Spectrometry Based NOx Sensor Capabilities Sensors and Instrumentation and Nondestructive Evaluation Overview Energy System Applications Overview DOE Office of Fossil Energy DOE Office of Transportation Technologies Ion-mobility Spectrometry Based NOx Sensor DOE Office of Power Technology Work for Others Safety-Related Applications Homeland Security Applications Biomedical Applications Millimiter Wave Group Papers Other NPNS Capabilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Sensors and Instrumentation and Nondestructive Evaluation Ion-mobility Spectrometry Based NOx Sensor

74

Sensor apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensor apparatus and method for detecting an environmental factor is shown that includes an acoustic device that has a characteristic resonant vibrational frequency and mode pattern when exposed to a source of acoustic energy and, further, when exposed to an environmental factor, produces a different resonant vibrational frequency and/or mode pattern when exposed to the same source of acoustic energy.

Deason, Vance A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Telschow, Kenneth L. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

75

Chemical sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Sensors responsive to small changes in the concentration of chemical species are disclosed, comprising (a) a mechanochemically responsive polymeric film capable of expansion or contraction in response to a change in its chemical environment, operatively coupled to (b) a transducer capable of directly converting said expansion or contraction to a measurable electrical response.

Lowell, Jr., James R. (Bend, OR); Edlund, David J. (Bend, OR); Friesen, Dwayne T. (Bend, OR); Rayfield, George W. (Bend, OR)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING EDUCATION STANDARDS BOARD OBJECTIVE AND SCOPE OF ACTIVITIES Consultative Advisory Group Terms of Reference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organizations) and their representatives (the Representatives) at the CAG meetings, in order to obtain: a. Advice on the IAESB’s agenda and project timetable (work program), including project priorities; b. Technical advice on projects; and c. Advice on other matters of relevance to the activities of the IAESB. Chair 2. The CAG Chair is an individual, elected by the CAG from amongst the Representatives, who shall perform the roles and assume the responsibilities from time to time specified by the CAG with the approval of the IAESB and the PIOB. 3. The CAG Chair is entitled to attend IAESB meetings as an observer with privilege of the floor, or may appoint a Representative to attend with the same privilege. 4. The CAG Chair is entitled to attend meetings of the IAESB Steering Committee as an observer with privilege of the floor, or may appoint a Representative to attend with the same privilege.

unknown authors

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

NIST, Sensor Science Division, Ultraviolet Radiation Group ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... optical trap (MOT) for chromium with a fluorescence-detection efficiency sufficient to ... that first demonstrated a novel source of low-energy ions with a ...

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

78

NIST, Sensor Science Division, Ultraviolet Radiation Group ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... occurs near liquid-liquid and liquid-vapor critical ... measurements of helium and other gases with uncertainties ... ab initio calculations of gas viscosity. ...

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

79

NIST, Sensor Science Division, Ultraviolet Radiation Group ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... He earned high honors in physics for his thesis, "A new predictive scheme for rotating superconductors." He received his Ph.D. in physics from the ...

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

80

Data System Sciences & Engineering Group - Sensor Networks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

asset visibility and tracking for an intelligence agency sponsor. Projects Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Knowledge Management & Analysis System RFID Accountability...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

NIST, Sensor Science Division, Ultraviolet Radiation Group ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... meet industrial needs. Research Interests: Atomic structure and orientation of nano-clusters and ultrathin films on surfaces; ...

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

82

NIST, Sensor Science Division, Ultraviolet Radiation Group ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... helps maintain and improve the storage ring as the national primary UV irradiance ... of about 1 part in 10000 at the standard operating energy of 380 ...

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

83

Ultrasensitive surveillance of sensors and processes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for monitoring a source of data for determining an operating state of a working system. The method includes determining a sensor (or source of data) arrangement associated with monitoring the source of data for a system, activating a method for performing a sequential probability ratio test if the data source includes a single data (sensor) source, activating a second method for performing a regression sequential possibility ratio testing procedure if the arrangement includes a pair of sensors (data sources) with signals which are linearly or non-linearly related; activating a third method for performing a bounded angle ratio test procedure if the sensor arrangement includes multiple sensors and utilizing at least one of the first, second and third methods to accumulate sensor signals and determining the operating state of the system.

Wegerich, Stephan W. (Glendale Heights, IL); Jarman, Kristin K. (Richland, WA); Gross, Kenneth C. (Bolingbrook, IL)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Ultrasensitive surveillance of sensors and processes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for monitoring a source of data for determining an operating state of a working system. The method includes determining a sensor (or source of data) arrangement associated with monitoring the source of data for a system, activating a method for performing a sequential probability ratio test if the data source includes a single data (sensor) source, activating a second method for performing a regression sequential possibility ratio testing procedure if the arrangement includes a pair of sensors (data sources) with signals which are linearly or non-linearly related; activating a third method for performing a bounded angle ratio test procedure if the sensor arrangement includes multiple sensors and utilizing at least one of the first, second and third methods to accumulate sensor signals and determining the operating state of the system.

Wegerich, Stephan W. (Glendale Heights, IL); Jarman, Kristin K. (Richland, WA); Gross, Kenneth C. (Bolingbrook, IL)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Chemical sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Sensors responsive to small changes in the concentration of chemical species are disclosed, comprising a mechanicochemically responsive polymeric film capable of expansion or contraction in response to a change in its chemical environment, either operatively coupled to a transducer capable of directly converting the expansion or contraction to a measurable electrical or optical response, or adhered to a second inert polymeric strip, or doped with a conductive material. 12 figs.

Lowell, J.R. Jr.; Edlund, D.J.; Friesen, D.T.; Rayfield, G.W.

1992-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

86

Chemical sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Sensors responsive to small changes in the concentration of chemical species are disclosed, comprising a mechanicochemically responsive polymeric film capable of expansion or contraction in response to a change in its chemical environment, either operatively coupled to a transducer capable of directly converting the expansion or contraction to a measurable electrical or optical response, or adhered to a second inert polymeric strip, or doped with a conductive material.

Lowell, Jr., James R. (Bend, OR); Edlund, David J. (Bend, OR); Friesen, Dwayne T. (Bend, OR); Rayfield, George W. (Eugene, OR)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Humidity Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 21   Applications for humidity sensors...parts 5 to 40 0 to 50 Magnetic heads, LSIs, ICs Agriculture, forestry stockbreeding Greenhouse air conditioning 5 to 40 0 to 100 Air conditioning Dew prevention in tealeaf growing -10 to 60 50 to 100 Dew prevention Broiler farming 20 to 25 40 to 70 Health control Measurement Thermostatic bath -5 to 100 0 to...

88

NETL Crosscutting: Instrumentation, Controls & Automation Interest Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Research Advanced Research 2012 Conference Proceedings Instrumentation, Controls & Automation Interest Group Meeting June 6-7, 2012 The Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Crosscutting Research program and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) together hosted the Instrumentation, Controls, and Automation Interest Group Meeting to address sensors and controls research for the power industry. This meeting was held in conjunction with the 2012 ISA POWID Conference on June 6-7, 2012. The goal was to share ongoing research activities, exchange ideas and collect information from power industry to identify potential future topics that can be used in new solicitation. Several topics were covered to stimulate discussion in areas that included wireless technologies, fiber optic sensors, model based control, cyber security and advances in sensors. The interactive discussions were captured, and can be accessed in the meeting notes [PDF-149KB].

89

Wireless sensor network survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A wireless sensor network (WSN) has important applications such as remote environmental monitoring and target tracking. This has been enabled by the availability, particularly in recent years, of sensors that are smaller, cheaper, and intelligent. These ... Keywords: Protocols, Sensor network deployment, Sensor network services, Survey, Wireless sensor network

Jennifer Yick; Biswanath Mukherjee; Dipak Ghosal

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Applied nuclear data research and development. Progress report, January 1--March 31, 1976. [Activities of LASL Nuclear Data Group  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the activities of the Los Alamos Nuclear Data Group for the period January 1 to March 31, 1976. The following areas are discussed: Theory and evaluation of nuclear cross sections, including calculations of neutron cross sections; Nuclear cross-section processing, including developments concerning the computer codes used; Cross sections for HTGR safety research; Effect of dispersion matrix structure on a data adjustment and consistency analysis; Fission product and decay data studies; and Medium-energy library. 20 figures, 18 tables. (RWR)

Baxman, C.I.; Hale, G.M.; Young, P.G. (comps.)

1976-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Cascade amplification of self-similar frequency-modulated pulses in normal group velocity dispersion active fibres  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the possibility of efficient amplification of self-similar frequency-modulated wave packets in longitudinally inhomogeneous active fibres. We analyse the dynamics of parabolic pulses with a constant frequency modulation rate and derive algorithms for optimising the group velocity dispersion profile in order to ensure self-similar propagation of such pulses. We demonstrate that the use of a cascade scheme can ensure efficient amplification of individual subpicosecond pulses of this type. (optical fibres, lasers and amplifiers. properties and applications)

Zolotovskii, Igor' O; Okhotnikov, Oleg G; Sementsov, Dmitrii I; Sysolyatin, A A; Fotiadi, A A

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

92

TEC Working Group Topic Groups Archives  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The following Topic Groups are no longer active; however, related documents and notes for these archived Topic Groups are available through the following links:

93

Hydrogen sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hydrogen sensor for detecting/quantitating hydrogen and hydrogen isotopes includes a sampling line and a microplasma generator that excites hydrogen from a gas sample and produces light emission from excited hydrogen. A power supply provides power to the microplasma generator, and a spectrometer generates an emission spectrum from the light emission. A programmable computer is adapted for determining whether or not the gas sample includes hydrogen, and for quantitating the amount of hydrogen and/or hydrogen isotopes are present in the gas sample.

Duan, Yixiang (Los Alamos, NM); Jia, Quanxi (Los Alamos, NM); Cao, Wenqing (Katy, TX)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

94

Dynamic sensor tasking in heterogeneous, mobile sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modern sensor environments often attempt to combine several sensors into a single sensor network. The nodes of this network are generally heterogeneous and may vary with respect to sensor complexity, sensor operational ...

Jones, Peter B. (Peter B.), S.M., Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Plug & Play Sensors Sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Documents. Plug & Play Sensors Sites. ... Plug & Play Sensors Sites. By selecting some of the links below, you will be leaving NIST webspace. ...

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

96

Virtual Sensors: Abstracting Data from Physical Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks are becoming increasingly pervasive. Existing methods of aggregation in sensor networks offer mostly standard mathematical operators over homogeneous data types. In this paper, we instead focus on supporting emerging scenarios in which ...

Sanem Kabadayi; Adam Pridgen; Christine Julien

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Improved Solar Power Plant Efficiency: Low Cost Solar Irradiance Sensor  

A University of Colorado research group led by Fernando Mancilla-David has developed a low cost irradiance sensor using a network modeled on a neural ...

98

Latency of wireless sensor networks with uncoordinated power saving mechanisms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a wireless sensor network, where nodes switch between an active (on) and a sleeping (off) mode, to save energy. The basic assumptions are that the on/off schedules are completely uncoordinated and that the sensors are distributed according ... Keywords: continuum percolation, first passage percolation, sensor networks

Olivier Dousse; Petteri Mannersalo; Patrick Thiran

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Sustainable Energy Systems Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sustainable Energy Systems Group The Sustainable Energy Systems Group studies the impacts of energy generation and use, manufacturing, and other activities on the environment, the...

100

Real-time method for establishing a detection map for a network of sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for establishing a detection map of a dynamically configurable sensor network. This method determines an appropriate set of locations for a plurality of sensor units of a sensor network and establishes a detection map for the network of sensors while the network is being set up; the detection map includes the effects of the local terrain and individual sensor performance. Sensor performance is characterized during the placement of the sensor units, which enables dynamic adjustment or reconfiguration of the placement of individual elements of the sensor network during network set-up to accommodate variations in local terrain and individual sensor performance. The reconfiguration of the network during initial set-up to accommodate deviations from idealized individual sensor detection zones improves the effectiveness of the sensor network in detecting activities at a detection perimeter and can provide the desired sensor coverage of an area while minimizing unintentional gaps in coverage.

Nguyen, Hung D; Koch, Mark W; Giron, Casey; Rondeau, Daniel M; Russell, John L

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Leak Detection and H2 Sensor Development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Low-cost, durable, and reliable Hydrogen safety sensor for vehicle, stationary, and infrastructure applications. A new zirconia, electrochemical-based sensor technology is being transitioned out of the laboratory and into an advanced testing phase for vehicular and stationary H{sub 2} safety applications. Mixed potential sensors are a class of electrochemical devices that develop an open-circuit electromotive force due to the difference in the kinetics of the redox reactions of various gaseous species at each electrode/electrolyte/gas interface, referred to as the triple phase boundary (TPB). Therefore, these sensors have been considered for the sensing of various reducible or oxidizable gas species in the presence of oxygen. Based on this principle, a unique sensor design was developed by LANL and LLNL. The uniqueness of this sensor derives from minimizing heterogeneous catalysis (detrimental to sensor response) by avoiding gas diffusion through a catalytically active material and minimizing diffusion path to the TPB. Unlike the conventional design of these devices that use a dense solid electrolyte and porous thin film electrodes (similar to the current state-of-the-art zirconia-based sensors and fuel cells), the design of this sensor uses dense electrodes and porous electrolytes. Such a sensor design facilitates a stable and reproducible device response, since dense electrode morphologies are easy to reproduce and are significantly more stable than the conventional porous morphologies. Moreover, these sensors develop higher mixed potentials since the gas diffusion is through the less catalytically active electrolyte than the electrode. Lastly, the choice of electrodes is primarily based on their O2 reduction kinetics and catalytic properties vis-a-vis the target gas of interest.

Brosha, Eric L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

102

The potential of LIDAR as an antisubmarine warfare sensor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Traditionally, antisubmarine warfare (ASW) has been dominated by acoustic sensors, active and passive. Ending the Cold War, the ASW forces have refocused towards a theatre… (more)

Birkeland, John Olav

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Aircraft Cabin Environmental Quality Sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for ACEQ sensors than for chem-bio sensors 1 Under groundlocations In contrast to chem-bio sensors, false positives (or Implementation, Part 1: Chem. -Bio-Sensors, ACER Report,

Gundel, Lara

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

TEC Working Group Topic Groups Tribal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Tribal Topic Group was established in January 1998 to address government-to-government consultation between DOE and Indian Tribes affected by its transportation activities. The group focuses on...

105

Giant magnetoresistive sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetoresistive sensor element with a three-dimensional micro-architecture is capable of significantly improved sensitivity and highly localized measurement of magnetic fields. The sensor is formed of a multilayer film of alternately magnetic and nonmagnetic materials. The sensor is optimally operated in a current perpendicular to plane mode. The sensor is useful in magnetic read/write heads, for high density magnetic information storage and retrieval.

Stearns, Daniel G. (Los Altos, CA); Vernon, Stephen P. (Pleasanton, CA); Ceglio, Natale M. (Livermore, CA); Hawryluk, Andrew M. (Modesto, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Digital Sensor Technology  

SciTech Connect

The nuclear industry has been slow to incorporate digital sensor technology into nuclear plant designs due to concerns with digital qualification issues. However, the benefits of digital sensor technology for nuclear plant instrumentation are substantial in terms of accuracy, reliability, availability, and maintainability. This report demonstrates these benefits in direct comparisons of digital and analog sensor applications. It also addresses the qualification issues that must be addressed in the application of digital sensor technology.

Ted Quinn; Jerry Mauck; Richard Bockhorst; Ken Thomas

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Online distributed sensor selection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A key problem in sensor networks is to decide which sensors to query when, in order to obtain the most useful information (e.g., for performing accurate prediction), subject to constraints (e.g., on power and bandwidth). In many applications the utility ... Keywords: approximation algorithms, distributed multiarmed bandit algorithms, sensor networks, submodular optimization

Daniel Golovin; Matthew Faulkner; Andreas Krause

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

High temperature sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature sensor includes a pair of electrical conductors separated by a mass of electrical insulating material. The insulating material has a measurable resistivity within the sensor that changes in relation to the temperature of the insulating material within a high temperature range (1,000 to 2,000 K.). When required, the sensor can be encased within a ceramic protective coating.

Tokarz, Richard D. (West Richland, WA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Distribution Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The strong industry push toward grid modernization is based on several advantages. Specifically, the grid will enable customers to actively determine their energy choices, accommodate customers’ generation and storage options, and provide the higher reliability and consistent power quality required by today’s digital economy. These benefits will be realized when the industry optimizes grid operation and its use of present and future assets. Future power grids will become reality by ...

2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

110

Report on the activities of the ASME-NQA Committee Working Group on Quality Assurance Requirements for Research and Development, April 1990 to August 1991  

SciTech Connect

This report transmits to the public eye the activities of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers-Nuclear Quality Assurance (ASME-NQA) Committee Working Group on Quality Assurance Requirements for Research and Development. The appendix lists the members of this group as of August 1991. The report covers a period of 17 months. The working group met eight times in this period, and much intellectual ground was traversed. There was seldom agreement on the nature of the task, but there was no doubt as to its urgency. The task was how to adapt the nuclear quality assurance standard, the NQA-1, to research and development work. 1 fig., 7 tabs.

Dronkers, J.J.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Sensor mount assemblies and sensor assemblies  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Sensor mount assemblies and sensor assemblies are provided. In an embodiment, by way of example only, a sensor mount assembly includes a busbar, a main body, a backing surface, and a first finger. The busbar has a first end and a second end. The main body is overmolded onto the busbar. The backing surface extends radially outwardly relative to the main body. The first finger extends axially from the backing surface, and the first finger has a first end, a second end, and a tooth. The first end of the first finger is disposed on the backing surface, and the tooth is formed on the second end of the first finger.

Miller, David H. (Redondo Beach, CA)

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

112

Gas sensor technology at Sandia National Laboratories: Catalytic gate, Surface Acoustic Wave and Fiber Optic Devices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Sandia`s gas sensor program encompasses three separate electronic platforms: Acoustic Wave Devices, Fiber Optic Sensors and sensors based on silicon microelectronic devices. A review of most of these activities was presented recently in a article in Science under the title ``Chemical Microsensors.`` The focus of the program has been on understanding and developing the chemical sensor coatings that are necessary for using these electronic platforms as effective chemical sensors.

Hughes, R.C.; Moreno, D.J.; Jenkins, M.W.; Rodriguez, J.L.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

ISDSN Sensor System Phase One Test Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Phase 1 Test Report documents the test activities and results completed for the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) sensor systems that will be deployed in the meso-scale test bed (MSTB) at Florida International University (FIU), as outlined in the ISDSN-MSTB Test Plan. This report captures the sensor system configuration tested; test parameters, testing procedure, any noted changes from the implementation plan, acquired test data sets, and processed results.

Gail Heath

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Controls Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Status and Schedule Safety and Training Divisions APS Engineering Support Division AES Groups Accelerator Systems Division ASD Groups X-ray Science Division XSD Groups...

115

Recent progress of the ATLAS Planar Pixel Sensor R&D Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The foreseen luminosity upgrade for the LHC (a factor of 5-10 more in peak luminosity by 2021) poses serious constraints on the technology for the ATLAS tracker in this High Luminosity era (HL-LHC). In fact, such luminosity increase leads to increased occupancy and radiation damage of the tracking detectors. To investigate the suitability of pixel sensors using the proven planar technology for the upgraded tracker, the ATLAS Planar Pixel Sensor R&D Project was established comprising 17 institutes and more than 80 scientists. Main areas of research are the performance of planar pixel sensors at highest fluences, the exploration of possibilities for cost reduction to enable the instrumentation of large areas, the achievement of slim or active edge designs to provide low geometric inefficiencies without the need for shingling of modules and the investigation of the operation of highly irradiated sensors at low thresholds to increase the efficiency. In the following I will present results from the group, concerning mainly irradiated-devices performance, together with studies for new sensors, including detailed simulations.

The ATLAS Planar Pixel Sensor R&D Project; :; M. Bomben

2011-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

116

Embedded Sensor Technology Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fiber Sensors are poised to be used in future LEPs. The three primary vehicles for fiber sensors are Department 1, Joint Test Assembly (JTA), and Shelf Life (SL). The National Security Enterprise (NSE) community plans to incorporate optical sensors or systems into these vehicles. Additionally, hermetic sealing of optical systems is required if optical technology is to be integrated into LEP and future weapons applications. Hermetic seals will reduce the long-term risk of contamination which can degrade or incapacitate optical components. This study was funded through the Kansas City Plant's (KCP) ESC work package between 2007 and 2009 to develop optical sensors, identify commercial fiber sensors and hermetic connectors, and qualify these sensors against likely weapon lifetime environments.

Kennedy, Chris

2010-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

117

Energy efficient sensor node implementations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we discuss a low power embedded sensor node architecture we are developing for distributed sensor network systems deployed in a natural environment. In particular, we examine the sensor node for energy efficient processing-at-the-sensor. ... Keywords: acoustic, distributed sensor network (dsn), dsp, fpga, seismic, vehicle classification, video

Jan R. Frigo; Eric Y. Raby; Sean M. Brennan; Christophe Wolinski; Charles Wagner; Francois Charot; Edward Rosten; Vinod K. Kulathumani

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Optical waveguide tamper sensor technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Dielectric optical waveguides exhibit properties that are well suited to sensor applications. They have low refractive index and are transparent to a wide range of wavelengths. They can react with the surrounding environment in a variety of controllable ways. In certain sensor applications, it is advantageous to integrate the dielectric waveguide on a semiconductor substrate with active devices. In this work, we demonstrate a tamper sensor based on dielectric waveguides that connect epitaxial GaAs-GaAlAs sources and detectors. The tamper sensing function is realized by attaching particles of absorbing material with high refractive index to the surface of the waveguides. These absorbers are then attached to a lid or cover, as in an integrated circuit package or multi-chip module. The absorbers attenuate the light in the waveguides as a function of absorber interaction. In the tamper indicating mode, the absorbers are placed randomly on the waveguides, to form a unique attenuation pattern that is registered by the relative signal levels on the photodetectors. When the lid is moved, the pattern of absorbers changes, altering the photodetector signals. This dielectric waveguide arrangement is applicable to a variety of sensor functions, and specifically can be fabricated as a chemical sensor by the application of cladding layers that change their refractive index and/or optical absorption properties upon exposure to selected chemical species. An example is found in palladium claddings that are sensitive to hydrogen. A description of designs and a basic demonstration of the tamper sensing and chemical sensing functions is described herein.

Carson, R.F.; Butler, M.A.; Sinclair, M.B. [and others

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

High-temperature sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature sensor is described which includes a pair of electrical conductors separated by a mass of electrical insulating material. The insulating material has a measurable resistivity within the sensor that changes in relation to the temperature of the insulating material within a high temperature range (1000 to 2000/sup 0/K). When required, the sensor can be encased within a ceramic protective coating.

Not Available

1981-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

120

Remote electrochemical sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrochemical sensor for remote detection, particularly useful for metal contaminants and organic or other compounds. The sensor circumvents technical difficulties that previously prevented in-situ remote operations. The microelectrode, connected to a long communications cable, allows convenient measurements of the element or compound at timed and frequent intervals and instrument/sample distances of ten feet to more than 100 feet. The sensor is useful for both downhole groundwater monitoring and in-situ water (e.g., shipboard seawater) analysis.

Wang, Joseph (Las Cruces, NM); Olsen, Khris (Richland, WA); Larson, David (Las Cruces, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Sensors, Electronics & Instrumentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sensors, Electronics & Instrumentation Sensors, Electronics & Instrumentation Sensors, Electronics & Instrumentation Express Licensing Acoustic Concentration Of Particles In Fluid Flow Express Licensing Apparatus And Method For Hydrogen And Oxygen Mass Spectrometry Of The Terrestrial Magnetosphere Express Licensing Apparatus And Method For Temperature Correction And Expanded Count Rate Of Inorganic Scintillation Detectors Express Licensing Composition and method for removing photoresist materials from electronic components Express Licensing Corrosion Test Cell For Bipolar Plates Express Licensing Cylindrical Acoustic Levitator/Concentrator Negotiable Licensing Electrochemical Apparatus with Disposable and Modifiable Parts Express Licensing Foil electron multiplier Express Licensing Hydrogen Sensor

122

MTDC Safety Sensor Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MTDC Safety Sensor Technology MTDC Safety Sensor Technology Background Beyond the standard duty cycle data collection system used in the Department of Energy's Medium Truck Duty Cycle program, additional sensors were installed on three test vehicles to collect several safety-related signals of interest to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. The real-time brake stroke, tire pressure, and weight information obtained from these sensors is expected to make possible a number of safety-related analyses such as determining the frequency and severity of braking events and tracking tire pressure changes over time. Because these signals are posted to the vehicle's databus, they also have the potential to be

123

Fiber optic geophysical sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a fiber optic geophysical sensor in which laser light is passed through a sensor interferometer in contact with a geophysical event, and a reference interferometer not in contact with the geophysical event but in the same general environment as the sensor interferometer. In one embodiment, a single tunable laser provides the laser light. In another embodiment, separate tunable lasers are used for the sensor and reference interferometers. The invention can find such uses as monitoring for earthquakes, and the weighing of objects. 2 figs.

Homuth, E.F.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Fiber optic geophysical sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a fiber optic geophysical sensor in which laser light is passed through a sensor interferometer in contact with a geophysical event, and a reference interferometer not in contact with the geophysical event but in the same general environment as the sensor interferometer. In one embodiment, a single tunable laser provides the laser light. In another embodiment, separate tunable lasers are used for the sensor and reference interferometers. The invention can find such uses as monitoring for earthquakes, and the weighing of objects. 2 figs.

Homuth, E.F.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

125

PNNL: Available Technologies: Sensors  

Non-Contact Sensor for Measuring the Density and Speed of Sound of a Liquid Contained in a Pipeline or Vessel; Real-Time Fluid Viscometer in Contact ...

126

A new approach for integrated coverage and connectivity in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An effective approach for energy conservation in wireless sensor networks is scheduling sleep intervals for extraneous nodes while the remaining nodes stay active to provide continuous service. For the sensor network to operates successfully, the active ... Keywords: Connectivity, Coverage, Deployment, Sensor network

Seyed Hossein Khasteh; Saeed Bagheri Shouraki; Nima Hajiabdorahim; Ehsan Dadashnialehi

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Electrochemical Hydrogen Sensor for Safety Monitoring  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A hydrogen safety sensor is presented which provides high sensitivity and fast response time when operated in air. The target application for the sensor is external deployment near systems using or producing high concentrations of hydrogen. The sensor is composed of a catalytically active metal-oxide sensing electrode and a noble metal reference electrode attached to an yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolyte. The sensing approach is based on the difference in oxidation rate of hydrogen on the different electrode materials. Results will be presented for a sensor using a sensing electrode of tin-doped indium oxide (ITO). Response to H{sub 2}, and cross-sensitivity to hydrocarbon and H{sub 2}O are discussed.

Martin, L P; Pham, A-Q; Glass, R S

2003-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

128

Clip-on wireless wearable microwave sensor for ambulatory cardiac monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new type of non-contact sensor for use in ambulatory cardiac monitoring. The sensor operation is based on a microwave Doppler technique; however, instead of detecting the heart activity from a distance, the ...

Fletcher, Richard Ribon

129

New functional polymers for sensors, smart materials and solar cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organic polymers can be used as the active component of sensors, smart materials, chemical-delivery systems and the active layer of solar cells. The rational design and modification of the chemical structure of polymers ...

Lobez Comeras, Jose Miguel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Hydrocarbon/Total Combustibles Sensor  

the invention is an electrochemical hydrocarbon sensor that is more reliable and reproducible than any other hydrocarbon sensor on the market today. The patented method for producing the sensor ensures reproducibility and reduces the need for ...

131

Biomedical Applications (Sensors and Instrumentation and NDE) - Nuclear  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NPNS > Sensors and NPNS > Sensors and Instrumentation and NDE > Biomedical Applications Capabilities Sensors and Instrumentation and Nondestructive Evaluation Overview Energy System Applications Safety-Related Applications Homeland Security Applications Biomedical Applications Medical Ice Slurry Coolants for Inducing Targeted-Organ/Tissue Protective Cooling Biosensor for revival of sudden cardiac arrest victims Millimiter Wave Group Papers Other NPNS Capabilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Sensors and Instrumentation and Nondestructive Evaluation Biomedical Applications Bookmark and Share Biosensor for revival of sudden cardiac arrest victims In collaboration from the Emergency Resuscitation Research Center of the

132

Sensors for environmental monitoring and long-term environmental stewardship.  

SciTech Connect

This report surveys the needs associated with environmental monitoring and long-term environmental stewardship. Emerging sensor technologies are reviewed to identify compatible technologies for various environmental monitoring applications. The contaminants that are considered in this report are grouped into the following categories: (1) metals, (2) radioisotopes, (3) volatile organic compounds, and (4) biological contaminants. Regulatory drivers are evaluated for different applications (e.g., drinking water, storm water, pretreatment, and air emissions), and sensor requirements are derived from these regulatory metrics. Sensor capabilities are then summarized according to contaminant type, and the applicability of the different sensors to various environmental monitoring applications is discussed.

Miller, David Russell; Robinson, Alex Lockwood; Ho, Clifford Kuofei; Davis, Mary Jo (Science Applications International Corporation, Albuquerque, NM)

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

On the quality and value of information in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing use of sensor-derived information from planned, ad-hoc, and/or opportunistically deployed sensor networks provides enhanced visibility to everyday activities and processes, enabling fast-paced data-to-decision in personal, social, civilian, ... Keywords: AHP, Internet of things, IoT, QoI, Quality of information, VoI, analytic hierarchy process, information systems, metadata, provenance, sensor information fusion, value of information

Chatschik Bisdikian, Lance M. Kaplan, Mani B. Srivastava

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Energy harvesting Wheel Speed Sensor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a prototype energy harvesting autonomous sensor, called the Autonomous Wheel Speed Sensor (AWSS), that is targeted for operation in the Electronic Braking… (more)

Parthasarathy, Dhasarathy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Froth height level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single sensor, comprised of a tube located near the foaming liquid, and another well away from the first, are used to determine the existence of foam in the vicinity of the probe. Two sensors a known distance apart can be used to locate the froth assuming a uniform froth density. The present invention utilizes the pressure differential existing between process chamber ambient pressure and the froth pressure to determine the existence of a froth and its location. Where froth density is not constant, multiple sensors at differing heights with respect to each other, or a single movable sensor, are used. Information derived using the multiple or movable sensor yields unambiguous froth density and height data.

Glaser, J.W.; Holmes, L.; Upadhye, R.S.; Wilder, J.G.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

136

Quantum groups  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theory of Quantum groups, although rather young, since the expression Quantum ... introduction of a suitable form of the quantum group, the algebra A ...

137

Wireless Sensors for Data Centers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proving Ground Proving Ground Wireless Sensors for Data Centers Kevin Powell |May 23 2012 | FEMP Technology Deployment Working Group 9,624 Owned and Leased Assets 30% Metered Energy Reduction, by 2015 NET ZERO In New Construction and Major Remodels, by 2030 EISA 2007 GSA's Green Proving Ground The Green Proving Ground aims to leverage innovative technologies to accelerate GSA's sustainability goals. Program Focus: Identify, test and evaluate innovative technologies to: * Drive innovation in environmental performance in federal buildings * Help lead market transformation through deployment of new technologies. * Reduce GSA operational costs How Does It Work? Green Proving Ground

138

Wireless Sensors for Data Centers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proving Ground Proving Ground Wireless Sensors for Data Centers Kevin Powell |May 23 2012 | FEMP Technology Deployment Working Group 9,624 Owned and Leased Assets 30% Metered Energy Reduction, by 2015 NET ZERO In New Construction and Major Remodels, by 2030 EISA 2007 GSA's Green Proving Ground The Green Proving Ground aims to leverage innovative technologies to accelerate GSA's sustainability goals. Program Focus: Identify, test and evaluate innovative technologies to: * Drive innovation in environmental performance in federal buildings * Help lead market transformation through deployment of new technologies. * Reduce GSA operational costs How Does It Work? Green Proving Ground

139

Effect of Surface Oxygen Containing Groups on the Catalytic Activity of Multi-walled Carbon Nanotube Supported Pt Catalyst  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT) supported platinum catalysts were employed to study the support functionalization on their catalytic performances. The MWNT were subjected to HNO{sub 3} functionalization, in which oxygen-containing-groups (OCGs) were introduced to improve Pt dispersion. The MWNT supports were characterized by nitrogen physisorption and NEXAFS, and the Pt supported on differently functionalized MWNT characterized by X-ray absorption, TEM and both hydrogen and CO chemisorption. Compared to the as received MWNT supports, Pt dispersion is improved on the HNO3 treated MWNT supports, but the turnover frequency (TOF) of aqueous phase reforming decreases by half. The TOF can be recovered by removing the OCGs via high temperature annealing. To further investigate the OCGs effect, different probe reactions, including both steam reforming and liquid phase reforming of hydrocarbon oxygenates and dehydrogenation of alkanes in the liquid and gas phases, have been performed on the MWNT supported catalysts with different OCGs. A comparison of these reaction results suggests that OCGs are only detrimental to reactions in a binary mixture with two components of different hydrophilicity due to their competitive adsorption on the catalyst supports.

X Wang; N Li; J Webb; L Pfefferle; G Haller

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

140

INTERNATIONAL ETHICS STANDARDS BOARD FOR ACCOUNTANTS OBJECTIVE AND SCOPE OF ACTIVITIES Consultative Advisory Group Terms of Reference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organizations) and their representatives (the Representatives) at the CAG meetings, in order to obtain: a. Advice on the IESBA’s agenda and project timetable (work program), including project priorities; b. Technical advice on projects; and c. Advice on other matters of relevance to the activities of the IESBA. Chair 2. The CAG Chair is an individual, elected by the CAG from amongst the Representatives, who shall perform the roles and assume the responsibilities from time to time specified by the CAG with the approval of the IESBA and the PIOB. 3. The CAG Chair is entitled to attend IESBA meetings as an observer with privilege of the floor, or may appoint a Representative to attend with the same privilege. 4. The CAG Chair is entitled to attend meetings of the IESBA Planning Committee as an observer with privilege of the floor, or may appoint a Representative to attend with the same privilege.

unknown authors

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

NREL Develops Test Facility and Test Protocols for Hydrogen Sensor Performance (Fact Sheet), Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technical Highlights (HFCTH)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 * November 2010 8 * November 2010 The NREL hydrogen safety sensor test facility (Robert Burgess/NREL) PIX 18240 NREL Develops Test Facility and Test Protocols for Hydrogen Sensor Performance Team: Safety Codes & Standards Group, Hydrogen Technologies & Systems Center Accomplishment: The NREL Hydrogen Sensor Test Facility was recently commissioned for the quantitative assessment of hydrogen safety sensors (first reported in April 2010). Testing of sensors has started and is ongoing. Test Apparatus: The Test Facility was designed to test hydrogen sensors under precisely controlled conditions. The apparatus can simultaneously test multiple sensors and can handle all common electronic interfaces, including voltage, current, resistance,

142

List of Lighting Controls/Sensors Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sensors Incentives Sensors Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 493 Lighting Controls/Sensors Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 493) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP (Central and North) - CitySmart Program (Texas) Utility Rebate Program Texas Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Schools Boilers Central Air conditioners Chillers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Custom/Others pending approval Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Furnaces Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Roofs Windows Yes AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program (Texas) Utility Rebate Program Texas Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit

143

INTERNATIONAL AUDITING AND ASSURANCE STANDARDS BOARD OBJECTIVE AND SCOPE OF ACTIVITIES Consultative Advisory Group Terms of Reference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

input to and assist the IAASB through consultation with the CAG member organizations (the Member Organizations) and their representatives (the Representatives) at the CAG meetings, in order to obtain: a. Advice on the IAASB’s agenda and project timetable (work program), including project priorities; b. Technical advice on projects; and c. Advice on other matters of relevance to the activities of the IAASB. Chair 2. The CAG Chair is an individual, elected by the CAG from amongst the Representatives, who shall perform the roles and assume the responsibilities from time to time specified by the CAG with the approval of the IAASB and the PIOB. 3. The CAG Chair is entitled to attend IAASB meetings as an observer with privilege of the floor, or may appoint a Representative to attend with the same privilege. 4. The CAG Chair is entitled to attend meetings of the IAASB Steering Committee as an observer with privilege of the floor, or may appoint a Representative to attend with

unknown authors

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Fidelity and yield in a volcano monitoring sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a science-centric evaluation of a 19-day sensor network deployment at Reventador, an active volcano in Ecuador. Each of the 16 sensors continuously sampled seismic and acoustic data at 100 Hz. Nodes used an event-detection algorithm to trigger ...

Geoff Werner-Allen; Konrad Lorincz; Jeff Johnson; Jonathan Lees; Matt Welsh

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Review: From wireless sensor networks towards cyber physical systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the past two decades, a lot of research activities have been dedicated to the fields of mobile ad hoc network (MANET) and wireless sensor networks (WSN). More recently, the cyber physical system (CPS) has emerged as a promising direction to enrich ... Keywords: Cyber physical system, Internet technology, Mobile ad hoc network, Pervasive computing, Sensing and actuation, Wireless sensor network

Fang-Jing Wu; Yu-Fen Kao; Yu-Chee Tseng

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Remote electrochemical sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrochemical sensor is described for remote detection, particularly useful for metal contaminants and organic or other compounds. The sensor circumvents technical difficulties that previously prevented in-situ remote operations. The microelectrode, connected to a long communications cable, allows convenient measurements of the element or compound at timed and frequent intervals and instrument/sample distances of ten feet to more than 100 feet. The sensor is useful for both downhole groundwater monitoring and in-situ water (e.g., shipboard seawater) analysis. 21 figs.

Wang, J.; Olsen, K.; Larson, D.

1997-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

147

RF current sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An RF sensor having a novel current sensing probe and a voltage sensing probe to measure voltage and current. The current sensor is disposed in a transmission line to link all of the flux generated by the flowing current in order to obtain an accurate measurement. The voltage sensor is a flat plate which operates as a capacitive plate to sense voltage on a center conductor of the transmission line, in which the measured voltage is obtained across a resistance leg of a R-C differentiator circuit formed by the characteristic impedance of a connecting transmission line and a capacitance of the plate, which is positioned proximal to the center conductor.

Moore, James A. (Powell, TN); Sparks, Dennis O. (Maryville, TN)

1998-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

148

Electrochemical micro sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A micro-amperometric electrochemical sensor for detecting the presence of a pre-determined species in a fluid material is disclosed. The sensor includes a smooth substrate having a thin coating of solid electrolytic material deposited thereon. The working and counter electrodes are deposited on the surface of the solid electrolytic material and adhere thereto. Electrical leads connect the working and counter electrodes to a potential source and an apparatus for measuring the change in an electrical signal caused by the electrochemical oxidation or reduction of the species. Alternatively, the sensor may be fabricated in a sandwich structure and also may be cylindrical, spherical or other shapes.

Setter, Joseph R. (Naperville, IL); Maclay, G. Jordan (Maywood, IL)

1989-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

149

Integrated optical tamper sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention consists of an monolithic optical tamper sensor, comprising an optical emitter and detector, connected by an optical waveguide and placed into the critical entry plane of an enclosed sensitive region, the tamper sensor having a myriad of scraps of a material optically absorbent at the wavelength of interest, such that when the absorbent material is in place on the waveguide, an unique optical signature can be recorded, but when entry is attempted into the enclosed sensitive region, the scraps of absorbent material will be displaced and the optical/electrical signature of the tamper sensor will change and that change can be recorded.

Carson, R.F.; Casalnuovo, S.A.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

150

TEC Working Group Topic Groups Archives Consolidated Grant Topic Group |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Consolidated Grant Topic Consolidated Grant Topic Group TEC Working Group Topic Groups Archives Consolidated Grant Topic Group The Consolidated Grant Topic Group arose from recommendations provided by the TEC and other external parties to the DOE Senior Executive Transportation Forum in July 1998. It was proposed that the consolidation of multiple funding streams from numerous DOE sources into a single grant would provide a more equitable and efficient means of assistance to States and Tribes affected by DOE nuclear material shipments. The group serves as an important vehicle for DOE senior managers to assess and incorporate stakeholder input into the development of a consolidated funding vehicle for transportation activities, should DOE implement such a program. Some of the major issues under consideration by the Consolidated Grant

151

Renewable-reagent electrochemical sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new electrochemical probe(s) design allowing for continuous (renewable) reagent delivery. The probe comprises an integrated membrane-sampling/electrochemical sensor that prevents interferences from surface-active materials and greatly extends the linear range. The probe(s) is useful for remote or laboratory-based monitoring in connection with microdialysis sampling and electrochemical measurements of metals and organic compounds that are not readily detected in the absence of reacting with the compound. Also disclosed is a method of using the probe(s).

Wang, Joseph (Las Cruces, NM); Olsen, Khris B. (Richland, WA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Renewable-reagent electrochemical sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new electrochemical probe(s) design allowing for continuous (renewable) reagent delivery is described. The probe comprises an integrated membrane sampling/electrochemical sensor that prevents interferences from surface-active materials and greatly extends the linear range. The probe(s) is useful for remote or laboratory-based monitoring in connection with microdialysis sampling and electrochemical measurements of metals and organic compounds that are not readily detected in the absence of reacting with the compound. Also disclosed is a method of using the probe(s). 19 figs.

Wang, J.; Olsen, K.B.

1999-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

153

Integrated optical sensor  

SciTech Connect

An integrated optical sensor for arc welding having multifunction feedback control. The sensor, comprising generally a CCD camera and diode laser, is positioned behind the arc torch for measuring weld pool position and width, standoff distance, and post-weld centerline cooling rate. Computer process information from this sensor is passed to a controlling computer for use in feedback control loops to aid in the control of the welding process. Weld pool position and width are used in a feedback loop, by the weld controller, to track the weld pool relative to the weld joint. Sensor standoff distance is used in a feedback loop to control the contact tip to base metal distance during the welding process. Cooling rate information is used to determine the final metallurgical state of the weld bead and heat affected zone, thereby controlling post-weld mechanical properties.

Watkins, Arthur D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Smartt, Herschel B. (Idaho Falls, ID); Taylor, Paul L. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Integrated optical sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An integrated optical sensor for arc welding having multifunction feedback control is described. The sensor, comprising generally a CCD camera and diode laser, is positioned behind the arc torch for measuring weld pool position and width, standoff distance, and post-weld centerline cooling rate. Computer process information from this sensor is passed to a controlling computer for use in feedback control loops to aid in the control of the welding process. Weld pool position and width are used in a feedback loop, by the weld controller, to track the weld pool relative to the weld joint. Sensor standoff distance is used in a feedback loop to control the contact tip to base metal distance during the welding process. Cooling rate information is used to determine the final metallurgical state of the weld bead and heat affected zone, thereby controlling post-weld mechanical properties. 6 figures.

Watkins, A.D.; Smartt, H.B.; Taylor, P.L.

1994-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

155

Capacitance pressure sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microelectromechanical (MEM) capacitance pressure sensor integrated with electronic circuitry on a common substrate and a method for forming such a device are disclosed. The MEM capacitance pressure sensor includes a capacitance pressure sensor formed at least partially in a cavity etched below the surface of a silicon substrate and adjacent circuitry (CMOS, BiCMOS, or bipolar circuitry) formed on the substrate. By forming the capacitance pressure sensor in the cavity, the substrate can be planarized (e.g. by chemical-mechanical polishing) so that a standard set of integrated circuit processing steps can be used to form the electronic circuitry (e.g. using an aluminum or aluminum-alloy interconnect metallization).

Eaton, William P. (Tijeras, NM); Staple, Bevan D. (Albuquerque, NM); Smith, James H. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

An Improved Humidity Sensor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A common feature of all capacitance humidity sensors is their undesirable hysteresis effect due to the unequal adsorption and desorption of water vapor on the surfaces of their dielectric porous materials. To eliminate this error, an improved ...

Shixuan Pang; Hartmut Graßl; Horst Jäger

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Complex pendulum biomass sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A complex pendulum system biomass sensor having a plurality of pendulums. The plurality of pendulums allow the system to detect a biomass height and density. Each pendulum has an angular deflection sensor and a deflector at a unique height. The pendulums are passed through the biomass and readings from the angular deflection sensors are fed into a control system. The control system determines whether adjustment of machine settings is appropriate and either displays an output to the operator, or adjusts automatically adjusts the machine settings, such as the speed, at which the pendulums are passed through the biomass. In an alternate embodiment, an entanglement sensor is also passed through the biomass to determine the amount of biomass entanglement. This measure of entanglement is also fed into the control system.

Hoskinson, Reed L. (Rigby, ID); Kenney, Kevin L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Perrenoud, Ben C. (Rigby, ID)

2007-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

158

Electrochemical NOx Sensor for Monitoring Diesel Emissions  

SciTech Connect

Increasingly stringent emissions regulations will require the development of advanced gas sensors for a variety of applications. For example, compact, inexpensive sensors are needed for detection of regulated pollutants, including hydrocarbons (HCs), CO, and NO{sub x}, in automotive exhaust. Of particular importance will be a sensor for NO{sub x} to ensure the proper operation of the catalyst system in the next generation of diesel (CIDI) automobiles. Because many emerging applications, particularly monitoring of automotive exhaust, involve operation in harsh, high-temperature environments, robust ceramic-oxide-based electrochemical sensors are a promising technology. Sensors using yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) as an oxygen-ion-conducting electrolyte have been widely reported for both amperometric and potentiometric modes of operation. These include the well-known exhaust gas oxygen (EGO) sensor. More recently, ac impedance-based (i.e., impedance-metric) sensing techniques using YSZ have been reported for sensing water vapor, hydrocarbons, CO, and NO{sub x}. Typically small-amplitude alternating signal is applied, and the sensor response is measured at a specified frequency. Most impedance-metric techniques have used the modulus (or magnitude) at low frequencies (< 1 Hz) as the sensing signal and attribute the measured response to interfacial phenomena. Work by our group has also investigated using phase angle as the sensing signal at somewhat higher frequencies (10 Hz). The higher frequency measurements would potentially allow for reduced sampling times during sensor operation. Another potential advantage of impedance-metric NO{sub x} sensing is the similarity in response to NO and NO{sub 2} (i.e., total-NO{sub x} sensing). Potentiometric NO{sub x} sensors typically show higher sensitivity to NO2 than NO, and responses that are opposite in sign. However, NO is more stable than NO{sub 2} at temperatures > 600 C, and thermodynamic calculations predict {approx}90% NO, balance NO{sub 2}. Since automotive exhaust sensors will probably be required to operate at temperatures > 600 C, NO is the dominant component in thermodynamic equilibrium and the target NOx species. Also, the use of upstream catalysts could further promote the conversion of NO{sub x} species to NO. Therefore, the focus of current work is to investigate the response to NO. Nevertheless, minimizing the sensitivity to a variety of competing species is important in order to obtain the accuracy necessary for achieving the emission limits. Mitigating the effect of interfering gases (e.g., O{sub 2}, water vapor, HCs, etc.) is an area of current study. For impedance metric NO{sub x} sensors, our previous work has demonstrated that the cross-sensitivity to O{sub 2} may be accounted for by comparing measurements at multiple frequencies. Other strategies for compensation are also being explored, including calibration using data from existing sensors located nearby. Our current work has made significant advances in terms of developing prototype sensors more suitable for commercialization. Also, dynamometer testing has provided real-world sensor performance data that will be useful in approaching potential suppliers to whom we can transfer the technology for commercialization. The advances are a direct result of understanding the sensing mechanisms responsible for impedance-based NO{sub x} sensing and the effect of materials choice and sensor design/geometry.

Woo, L Y; Glass, R S

2008-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

159

Complex Event Detection in Extremely Resource-Constrained Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex Events are sequences of sensor measurements indicating interesting or unusual activity in the monitored process. Such events are ubiquitous in a wide range of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) applications, yet there does not exist a common mechanism ... Keywords: complex event detection, integer techniques, wireless sensor networks

Michael Zoumboulakis; George Roussos

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

In-line rotating capacitive torque sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a proximity sensor based on a closed field circuit. The circuit comprises a ring oscillator using a symmetrical array of plates that creates an oscillating displacement current. The displacement current varies as a function of the proximity of objects to the plate array. Preferably the plates are in the form of a group of three pair of symmetric plates having a common center, arranged in a hexagonal pattern with opposing plates linked as a pair. The sensor produces logic level pulses suitable for interfacing with a computer or process controller. The proximity sensor can be incorporated into a load cell, a differential pressure gauge, or a device for measuring, the consistency of a characteristic of a material where a variation in the consistency causes the dielectric constant of the material to change.

Kronberg, J.W.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

NOx Sensor Development  

SciTech Connect

NO{sub x} compounds, specifically NO and NO{sub 2}, are pollutants and potent greenhouse gases. Compact and inexpensive NO{sub x} sensors are necessary in the next generation of diesel (CIDI) automobiles to meet government emission requirements and enable the more rapid introduction of more efficient, higher fuel economy CIDI vehicles. Because the need for a NO{sub x} sensor is recent and the performance requirements are extremely challenging, most are still in the development phase. Currently, there is only one type of NO{sub x} sensor that is sold commercially, and it seems unlikely to meet more stringent future emission requirements. Automotive exhaust sensor development has focused on solid-state electrochemical technology, which has proven to be robust for in-situ operation in harsh, high-temperature environments (e.g., the oxygen stoichiometric sensor). Solid-state sensors typically rely on yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) as the oxygen-ion conducting electrolyte and then target different types of metal or metal-oxide electrodes to optimize the response. Electrochemical sensors can be operated in different modes, including amperometric (a current is measured) and potentiometric (a voltage is measured), both of which employ direct current (dc) measurements. Amperometric operation is costly due to the electronics necessary to measure the small sensor signal (nanoampere current at ppm NO{sub x} levels), and cannot be easily improved to meet the future technical performance requirements. Potentiometric operation has not demonstrated enough promise in meeting long-term stability requirements, where the voltage signal drift is thought to be due to aging effects associated with electrically driven changes, both morphological and compositional, in the sensor. Our approach involves impedancemetric operation, which uses alternating current (ac) measurements at a specified frequency. The approach is described in detail in previous reports and several publications. Briefly, impedancemetric operation has shown the potential to overcome the drawbacks of other approaches, including higher sensitivity towards NO{sub x}, better long-term stability, potential for subtracting out background interferences, total NO{sub x} measurement, and lower cost materials and operation. Past LLNL research and development efforts have focused on characterizing different sensor materials and understanding complex sensing mechanisms. Continued effort has led to improved prototypes with better performance, including increased sensitivity (to less than 5 ppm) and long-term stability, with more appropriate designs for mass fabrication, including incorporation of an alumina substrate with an imbedded heater. Efforts in the last year to further improve sensor robustness have led to successful engine dynamometer testing with prototypes mounted directly in the engine manifold. Previous attempts had required exhaust gases to be routed into a separate furnace for testing due to mechanical failure of the sensor from engine vibrations. A more extensive cross-sensitivity study was also undertaken this last year to examine major noise factors including fluctuations in water, oxygen, and temperature. The quantitative data were then used to develop a strategy using numerical algorithms to improve sensor accuracy. The ultimate goal is the transfer of this technology to a supplier for commercialization. Due to the recent economic downturn, suppliers are demanding more comprehensive data and increased performance analysis before committing their resources to take the technology to market. Therefore, our NO{sub x} sensor work requires a level of technology development more thorough and extensive than ever before. The objectives are: (1) Develop an inexpensive, rapid-response, high-sensitivity and selective electrochemical sensor for oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) for compression-ignition, direct-injection (CIDI) exhaust gas monitoring; (2) Explore and characterize novel, effective sensing methodologies based on impedance measurements and designs and manufacturing metho

Woo, L Y; Glass, R S

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Intelligent light control using sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing user comfort and reducing operation costs have always been two primary objectives of building operations and control strategies. Current building control strategies are unable to incorporate occupant level comfort and meet the operation goals ... Keywords: active sensing, intelligent buildings, light control, sensor networks

Vipul Singhvi; Andreas Krause; Carlos Guestrin; James H. Garrett, Jr.; H. Scott Matthews

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Biological Microsensors - Microsensors and Sensor Microsystems...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

science to deliver prototype solutions in applications ranging from biodetection to photovoltaics. Sensor development includes discrete sensors and sensor arrays based on...

164

Interagency Working Groups (IWGs)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interagency Working Groups (IWGs) Print E-mail Interagency Working Groups (IWGs) Print E-mail Interagency Working Groups (IWGs) are the primary USGCRP vehicles for implementing and coordinating research activities within and across agencies. These groups are critical to Program integration and in assessing the Program's progress. The working groups span a wide range of interconnected issues of climate and global change, and address major components of the Earth's environmental and human systems, as well as cross-disciplinary approaches for addressing these issues. IWGs correspond to program functions and are designed to bring agencies together to plan and develop coordinated activities, implement joint activities, and identify and fill gaps in the Program's plans. They allow public officials to communicate with each other on emerging directions within their agencies, on their stakeholder needs, and on best practices learned from agency activities. Together, these functions allow the agencies to work in a more coordinated and effective manner.

165

Topic Group Participants  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Topic Group Report Topic Group Report Presented to: Transportation External Coordination Working Group April 5, 2005 Phoenix, Arizona Recent 180(c) Topic Group Activities Issue Papers 1. Funding Distribution Method 2. Allowable Activities 3. Definitions 4. Pass-Through Requirements 5. Contingency Plans 6. 180(c) Policy or Rulemaking 7. Timing and Eligibility* 8. Funding for Related Activities* 9. State Fees* 10. Funding Allocation Approach* 180(c) Policy & Procedures * Executive Summary * Draft Policy & Procedures * Draft Grant Application Pckg * Appendix *Papers 7-10 still under discussion Today's Discussion Items * Reviewed Topic Group member comments on a variety of issues * Key issues included: - Funding allocation and timing of grants - Planning grants - State fees/matching requirements - Related non-training activities

166

Wireless sensor network system for supporting nursing context-awareness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We developed a wireless sensor network system for supporting context-awareness of nursing activities in hospitals. Our system is aimed at automated recording of nursing work, providing context-aware services to nurses and visualising analytical results ...

Futoshi Naya; Ren Ohmura; Masakazu Miyamae; Haruo Noma; Kiyoshi Kogure; Michita Imai

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Programming storage-centric sensor networks with Squirrel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present Squirrel, a stream-oriented programming framework for storage-centric sensor networks. The storage-centric paradigm---where storage operations prevail over communication activity---applies to scenarios such as batch data collection, delay-tolerant ...

Luca Mottola

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Buildings Technologies Office (BTO), within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), is initiating a new program in Sensor and Controls. The vision of this program is: • Buildings operating automatically and continuously at peak energy efficiency over their lifetimes and interoperating effectively with the electric power grid. • Buildings that are self-configuring, self-commissioning, self-learning, self-diagnosing, self-healing, and self-transacting to enable continuous peak performance. • Lower overall building operating costs and higher asset valuation. The overarching goal is to capture 30% energy savings by enhanced management of energy consuming assets and systems through development of cost-effective sensors and controls. One step in achieving this vision is the publication of this Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide. The purpose of the guide is to inform building owners and operators of the current status, capabilities, and limitations of sensor technologies. It is hoped that this guide will aid in the design and procurement process and result in successful implementation of building sensor and control systems. DOE will also use this guide to identify research priorities, develop future specifications for potential market adoption, and provide market clarity through unbiased information

Cree, Johnathan V.; Dansu, A.; Fuhr, P.; Lanzisera, Steven M.; McIntyre, T.; Muehleisen, Ralph T.; Starke, M.; Banerjee, Pranab; Kuruganti, T.; Castello, C.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Distributed Sensor Coordination for Advanced Energy Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability to collect key system level information is critical to the safe, efficient and reli- able operation of advanced energy systems. With recent advances in sensor development, it is now possible to push some level of decision making directly to computationally sophisticated sensors, rather than wait for data to arrive to a massive centralized location before a decision is made. This type of approach relies on networked sensors (called “agents” from here on) to actively collect and process data, and provide key control deci- sions to significantly improve both the quality/relevance of the collected data and the as- sociating decision making. The technological bottlenecks for such sensor networks stem from a lack of mathematics and algorithms to manage the systems, rather than difficulties associated with building and deploying them. Indeed, traditional sensor coordination strategies do not provide adequate solutions for this problem. Passive data collection methods (e.g., large sensor webs) can scale to large systems, but are generally not suited to highly dynamic environments, such as ad- vanced energy systems, where crucial decisions may need to be reached quickly and lo- cally. Approaches based on local decisions on the other hand cannot guarantee that each agent performing its task (maximize an agent objective) will lead to good network wide solution (maximize a network objective) without invoking cumbersome coordination rou- tines. There is currently a lack of algorithms that will enable self-organization and blend the efficiency of local decision making with the system level guarantees of global decision making, particularly when the systems operate in dynamic and stochastic environments. In this work we addressed this critical gap and provided a comprehensive solution to the problem of sensor coordination to ensure the safe, reliable, and robust operation of advanced energy systems. The differentiating aspect of the proposed work is in shift- ing the focus towards “what to observe” rather than “how to observe” in large sensor networks, allowing the agents to actively determine both the structure of the network and the relevance of the information they are seeking to collect. In addition to providing an implicit coordination mechanism, this approach allows the system to be reconfigured in response to changing needs (e.g., sudden external events requiring new responses) or changing sensor network characteristics (e.g., sudden changes to plant condition). Outcome Summary: All milestones associated with this project have been completed. In particular, private sensor objective functions were developed which are aligned with the global objective function, sensor effectiveness has been improved by using “sensor teams,” system efficiency has been improved by 30% using difference evaluation func- tions, we have demonstrated system reconfigurability for 20% changes in system con- ditions, we have demonstrated extreme scalability of our proposed algorithm, we have demonstrated that sensor networks can overcome disruptions of up to 20% in network conditions, and have demonstrated system reconfigurability to 20% changes in system conditions in hardware-based simulations. This final report summarizes how each of these milestones was achieved, and gives insight into future research possibilities past the work which has been completed. The following publications support these milestones [6, 8, 9, 10, 16, 18, 19].

Tumer, Kagan

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

170

Energy Management in Wireless Sensor Networks with Energy-hungry Sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, the number of wireless sensor network deployments for real life applications has rapidly increased. Still, the energy problem remains one of the major barrier somehow preventing the complete exploitation of this technology. Sensor nodes are typically powered by batteries with a limited lifetime and, even when additional energy can be harvested from the external environment (e.g., through solar cells or piezo-electric mechanisms), it remains a limited resource to be consumed judiciously. Efficient energy management is thus a key requirement for a credible design of a wireless sensor network. Most energy management strategies proposed in the literature assume that data acquisition consumes significantly less energy than their transmission. Unfortunately, this assumption does not hold in a number of practical applications where the power consumption of the sensing activity may be comparable or even greater than that of the radio. In this context, effective energy management strategies should include policies for an efficient use of energy-hungry sensors, which become one of the main components affecting the network lifetime. In this paper, we survey the main approaches for efficient energy management in sensor networks with energy-hungry sensors.

Cesara Alippi; Mario Di Francesco; Manuel Roveri; Mario Di Francesco

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Wireless Sensor Network Fundamentals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wireless Sensor Network Fundamentals Wireless Sensor Network Fundamentals Speaker(s): Steven Lanzisera Date: February 8, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kevin Kircher Wireless sensor networks have been promising to provide easy data collection and control capability to applications ranging from scientific data collection, disaster recover, national security, and more. The user experience, however, has been filled with confusing terminology, complicated systems, and a lack of interoperability between vendors. Users with a background in the technology and fundamentals are better able to understand system capabilities, make decisions, and end up with a network that meets their needs. Although a sufficient coverage of this topic is at least a semester course, the goal of this talk is to give a brief

172

Routing Technique Based on Clustering for Data Duplication Prevention in Wireless Sensor Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wireless Sensor Networks is important to nodes energy consumption for long activity of sensor nodes because nodes that compose sensor network are small size, and battery capacity is limited. For energy consumption decrease of sensor nodes, sensor networks routing technique is divided by flat routing and hierarchical routing technique. Specially, hierarchical routing technique is energy efficient routing protocol to pare down energy consumption of whole sensor nodes and to scatter energy consumption of sensor nodes by forming cluster and communicating with cluster head. but though hierarchical routing technique based on clustering is advantage more than flat routing technique, this is not used for reason that is not realistic. The reason that is not realistic is because hierarchical routing technique does not consider data transmission radius of sensor node in actually. so this paper propose realistic routing technique base on clustering.

Kim, Boseung; Shin, Yongtae

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Thin film hydrogen sensor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A hydrogen sensor element comprises an essentially inert, electrically-insulating substrate having a thin-film metallization deposited thereon which forms at least two resistors on the substrate. The metallization comprises a layer of Pd or a Pd alloy for sensing hydrogen and an underlying intermediate metal layer for providing enhanced adhesion of the metallization to the substrate. An essentially inert, electrically insulating, hydrogen impermeable passivation layer covers at least one of the resistors, and at least one of the resistors is left uncovered. The difference in electrical resistances of the covered resistor and the uncovered resistor is related to hydrogen concentration in a gas to which the sensor element is exposed.

Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Hoffheins, Barbara S. (Knoxville, TN); Fleming, Pamela H. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Implantable medical sensor system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An implantable chemical sensor system for medical applications is described which permits selective recognition of an analyte using an expandable biocompatible sensor, such as a polymer, that undergoes a dimensional change in the presence of the analyte. The expandable polymer is incorporated into an electronic circuit component that changes its properties (e.g., frequency) when the polymer changes dimension. As the circuit changes its characteristics, an external interrogator transmits a signal transdermally to the transducer, and the concentration of the analyte is determined from the measured changes in the circuit. This invention may be used for minimally invasive monitoring of blood glucose levels in diabetic patients.

Darrow, Christopher B. (Pleasanton, CA); Satcher, Jr., Joe H. (Modesto, CA); Lane, Stephen M. (Oakland, CA); Lee, Abraham P. (Walnut Creek, CA); Wang, Amy W. (Berkeley, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Chemical sensor system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An implantable chemical sensor system for medical applications is described which permits selective recognition of an analyte using an expandable biocompatible sensor, such as a polymer, that undergoes a dimensional change in the presence of the analyte. The expandable polymer is incorporated into an electronic circuit component that changes its properties (e.g., frequency) when the polymer changes dimension. As the circuit changes its characteristics, an external interrogator transmits a signal transdermally to the transducer, and the concentration of the analyte is determined from the measured changes in the circuit. This invention may be used for minimally invasive monitoring of blood glucose levels in diabetic patients.

Darrow, Christopher B. (Pleasanton, CA); Satcher, Jr., Joe H. (Modesto, CA); Lane, Stephen M. (Oakland, CA); Lee, Abraham P. (Walnut Creek, CA); Wang, Amy W. (Berkeley, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Fluorescent temperature sensor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present invention is a fluorescent temperature sensor or optical thermometer. The sensor includes a solution of 1,3-bis(1-pyrenyl)propane within a 1-butyl-1-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ionic liquid solvent. The 1,3-bis(1-pyrenyl)propane remains unassociated when in the ground state while in solution. When subjected to UV light, an excited state is produced that exists in equilibrium with an excimer. The position of the equilibrium between the two excited states is temperature dependent.

Baker, Gary A [Los Alamos, NM; Baker, Sheila N [Los Alamos, NM; McCleskey, T Mark [Los Alamos, NM

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

177

Tactile sensing using elastomeric sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GelSight, namely, elastomeric sensor, is a novel tactile sensor to get the 3D information of contacting surfaces. Using GelSight, some tactile properties, such as softness and roughness, could be gained through image ...

Jia, Xiaodan (Xiaodan Stella)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Advanced Sensors for Multifunctional Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For more precision, most of the examples are related to multifunctional gas ... Still , those systems do not have the information capacity of natural biologic ... shape- memory devices, temperature sensors, and liquid-viscosity sensors as well.

179

Networked Control Systems Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and deploys measurement science for sensor networks and control systems used in manufacturing, construction, and other cyber-physical systems ...

2012-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

180

Carbon Monoxide Sensor - Energy Innovation Portal  

Electricity Transmission; Energy Analysis; ... the sensor ensures reproducibility and reduces the need for calibration of every sensor coming off the ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Sensors for Underground Distribution Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A variety of different sensors are needed for underground distribution applications. These include sensors for temperature monitoring to track possible overload issues and other issues that can cause heating in underground systems (for example, arcing), sensors for fault detection and characterization, and sensors for voltage and current monitoring to support a wide range of applications (for example, SCADA, volt/var control, and load flow management). In 2008, EPRI evaluated the present state of medium-...

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

182

Carbon Nanostructure-Based Sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as Carriers. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2009,Vapor Sensors. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2008,Absorption. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2009,

Sarkar, Tapan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Future Directions for Magnetic Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... sensor applications. They have the advantages of high sensitivity, small size, low cost, and low power consumption. However ...

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

184

Open Standards for Sensor Information Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document explores sensor standards, sensor data models, and computer sensor software in order to determine the specifications and data representation best suited for analyzing and monitoring computer system health using embedded sensor data. We review IEEE 1451, OGC Sensor Model Language and Transducer Model Language (TML), lm-sensors and Intelligent Platform Management Inititative (IPMI).

Pouchard, Line Catherine [ORNL; Poole, Stephen W [ORNL; Lothian, Josh [ORNL

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Shape memory alloy thaw sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensor permanently indicates that it has been exposed to temperatures exceeding a critical temperature for a predetermined time period. An element of the sensor made from shape memory alloy changes shape when exposed, even temporarily, to temperatures above the Austenitic temperature of the shape memory alloy. The shape change of the SMA element causes the sensor to change between two readily distinguishable states.

Shahinpoor, Mohsen (Albuquerque, NM); Martinez, David R. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Sensor system for web inspection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for electrically measuring variations over a flexible web has a capacitive sensor including spaced electrically conductive, transmit and receive electrodes mounted on a flexible substrate. The sensor is held against a flexible web with sufficient force to deflect the path of the web, which moves relative to the sensor.

Sleefe, Gerard E. (1 Snowcap Ct., Cedar Crest, NM 87008); Rudnick, Thomas J. (626 E. Jackson Rd., St. Louis, MO 63119); Novak, James L. (11048 Malaguena La. NE., Albuquerque, NM 87111)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Navigation protocols in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop distributed algorithms for adaptive sensor networks that respond to directing a target through a region of space. We model this problem as an online distributed motion planning problem. Each sensor node senses values in its perception space ... Keywords: Sensor networks, motes, navigation, potential field, robotics

Qun Li; Daniela Rus

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Thick film hydrogen sensor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A thick film hydrogen sensor element includes an essentially inert, electrically-insulating substrate having deposited thereon a thick film metallization forming at least two resistors. The metallization is a sintered composition of Pd and a sinterable binder such as glass frit. An essentially inert, electrically insulating, hydrogen impermeable passivation layer covers at least one of the resistors.

Hoffheins, Barbara S. (Knoxville, TN); Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Composite sensor membrane  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensor may include a membrane to deflect in response to a change in surface stress, where a layer on the membrane is to couple one or more probe molecules with the membrane. The membrane may deflect when a target molecule reacts with one or more probe molecules.

Majumdar, Arun (Orinda, CA); Satyanarayana, Srinath (Berkeley, CA); Yue, Min (Albany, CA)

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

190

Carbon dioxide sensor  

SciTech Connect

The present invention generally relates to carbon dioxide (CO.sub.2) sensors. In one embodiment, the present invention relates to a carbon dioxide (CO.sub.2) sensor that incorporates lithium phosphate (Li.sub.3PO.sub.4) as an electrolyte and sensing electrode comprising a combination of lithium carbonate (Li.sub.2CO.sub.3) and barium carbonate (BaCO.sub.3). In another embodiment, the present invention relates to a carbon dioxide (CO.sub.2) sensor has a reduced sensitivity to humidity due to a sensing electrode with a layered structure of lithium carbonate and barium carbonate. In still another embodiment, the present invention relates to a method of producing carbon dioxide (CO.sub.2) sensors having lithium phosphate (Li.sub.3PO.sub.4) as an electrolyte and sensing electrode comprising a combination of lithium carbonate (Li.sub.2CO.sub.3) and barium carbonate (BaCO.sub.3).

Dutta, Prabir K. (Worthington, OH); Lee, Inhee (Columbus, OH); Akbar, Sheikh A. (Hilliard, OH)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

191

Miniaturized wireless sensor network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper addresses an overview of the wireless sensor networks. It is shown that MEMS/NEMS technologies and SIP concept are well suited for advanced architectures. It is also shown analog architectures have to be compatible with digital signal techniques to develop smart network of microsystem.

Lecointre, Aubin; Dubuc, David; Katia, Grenier; Patrick, Pons; Aubert, Hervé; Muller, A; Berthou, Pascal; Gayraud, Thierry; Plana, Robert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Lean blowoff detection sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and method for detecting incipient lean blowoff conditions in a lean premixed combustion nozzle of a gas turbine. A sensor near the flame detects the concentration of hydrocarbon ions and/or electrons produced by combustion and the concentration monitored as a function of time are used to indicate incipient lean blowoff conditions.

Thornton, Jimmy (Morgantown, WV); Straub, Douglas L. (Morgantown, WV); Chorpening, Benjamin T. (Morgantown, WV); Huckaby, David (Morgantown, WV)

2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

193

Integrated Mirco-Machined Hydrogen Gas Sensors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The widespread use of hydrogen as both an industrial process gas and an energy storage medium requires fast, selective detection of hydrogen gas. This report discusses the development of a new type of solid-state hydrogen gas sensor that couples novel metal hydride thin films with a MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical System) structure known as a micro-hotplate. In this project, Micro-hotplate structures were overcoated with engineered multilayers that serve as the active hydrogen-sensing layer. The change in electrical resistance of these layers when exposed to hydrogen gas was the measured sensor output. This project focused on achieving the following objectives: (1) Demonstrating the capabilities of micro-machined H2 sensors; (2) Developing an understanding of their performance; (3) Critically evaluating the utility and viability of this technology for life safety and process monitoring applications. In order to efficiently achieve these objectives, the following four tasks were identified: (1) Sensor Design and Fabrication; (2) Short Term Response Testing; (3) Long Term Behavior Investigation; (4) Systems Development. Key findings in the project include: The demonstration of sub-second response times to hydrogen; measured sensitivity to hydrogen concentrations below 200 ppm; a dramatic improvement in the sensor fabrication process and increased understanding of the processing properties and performance relationships of the devices; the development of improved sensing multilayers; and the discovery of a novel strain based hydrogen detection mechanism. The results of this program suggest that this hydrogen sensor technology has exceptional potential to meet the stringent demands of life safety applications as hydrogen utilization and infrastructure becomes more prevalent.

Frank DiMeoJr. Ing--shin Chen

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

194

The Sensors and Controls Research (SCR) Group conceives, designs,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and solving multidisciplinary measurement problems, SST has a long history of innovation and commercialization depicts a laser scanning system that was developed and commercialized for safeguards and security, including biology, chemistry, mechanics, materials, condensed mater science, environmental sciences

195

Science and Engineering Alliance, Inc. (SEA) Activities to Increase Participation of Students from Underrepresented Groups in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Programs  

SciTech Connect

To Increase Participation of Students from Underrepresented Groups in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Programs.

Robert L. Shepard, PhD.

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

196

Alarm sensor apparatus for closures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An alarm sensor apparatus for closures such as doors and windows, and particularly for closures having loose tolerances such as overhead doors, garage doors or the like, the sensor apparatus comprising a pair of cooperating bracket members, one being attached to the door facing or framework and the other to the door member, two magnetic sensor elements carried by said bracket members, the bracket members comprising a pair of cooperating orthogonal guide slots and plates and a stop member engageable with one of the sensors for aligning the sensors with respect to each other in all three orthogonal planes when the door is closed.

Carlson, J.A.; Stoddard, L.M.

1984-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

197

Alarm sensor apparatus for closures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An alarm sensor apparatus for closures such as doors and windows, and particularly for closures having loose tolerances such as overhead doors, garage doors or the like, the sensor apparatus comprising a pair of cooperating bracket members, one being attached to the door facing or frame work and the other to the door member, two magnetic sensor elements carried by said bracket members, the bracket members comprising a pair of cooperating orthogonal guide slots and plates and a stop member engageable with one of the sensors for aligning the sensors with respect to each other in all three orthogonal planes when the door is closed.

Carlson, James A. (Thornton, CO); Stoddard, Lawrence M. (Arvada, CO)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Two terminal micropower radar sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A simple, low power ultra-wideband radar motion sensor/switch configuration connects a power source and load to ground. The switch is connected to and controlled by the signal output of a radar motion sensor. The power input of the motion sensor is connected to the load through a diode which conducts power to the motion sensor when the switch is open. A storage capacitor or rechargeable battery is connected to the power input of the motion sensor. The storage capacitor or battery is charged when the switch is open and powers the motion sensor when the switch is closed. The motion sensor and switch are connected between the same two terminals between the source/load and ground. 3 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1995-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

199

Two terminal micropower radar sensor  

SciTech Connect

A simple, low power ultra-wideband radar motion sensor/switch configuration connects a power source and load to ground. The switch is connected to and controlled by the signal output of a radar motion sensor. The power input of the motion sensor is connected to the load through a diode which conducts power to the motion sensor when the switch is open. A storage capacitor or rechargeable battery is connected to the power input of the motion sensor. The storage capacitor or battery is charged when the switch is open and powers the motion sensor when the switch is closed. The motion sensor and switch are connected between the same two terminals between the source/load and ground.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Sensors and Controls Workshop Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

Higher operating efficiencies, emission reductions, improved reliability, and lower operating costs are benefits that the power industry can realize with the utilization of sensors and controls. However, for the power industry to derive the maximum benefit from sensors and controls, improvements in existing technologies and novel approaches to challenging measurements are needed. Recognizing the importance of sensors and controls, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) sponsored a sensors and controls workshop on April 17 to 18, 2001, in Washington, DC. The workshop focused on identifying technology needs in sensors and controls for existing fossil-energy power plants as well as future facilities conceived under the Vision 21 Program. Forty-six experts from 29 organizations, including private industry, research laboratories, academia, and government agencies, attended the workshop. The meeting opened with keynote speakers from NETL and the private sector. NETL officials spoke of the Vision 21 and advanced research programs. Speakers from the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and Delphi Automotive Systems Research Laboratory discussed the improvements realized with their respective operation through the use of sensors and controls. NETL keynote speakers Robert Romanosky and Carl Bauer emphasized that developing sensor and control systems plays a critical role in DOE Office of Fossil Energy Vision 21 Program, clean coal activities under the Power Plant Improvement Initiative, and the proposed Clean Coal Power Initiative. The Vision 21 Program is aimed at providing technologies for ultra-clean fossil-fuel-based energy production with 60- to 75-percent efficiencies and near zero emissions. The program also uses a modular approach to present opportunities to not only generate power, but also co-produce clean fuels, chemicals, steam, and other useful products. The ultra-high efficiency and environmental performance goals of the Vision 21 Program mean that facilities must operate at optimum conditions, while adapting in real-time to changes in load and feedstock. These are challenging performance goals. They will require advanced control and sensing systems that can be adapted and optimized in real time. To improve the overall plant performance of existing power plants, one of the most cost-effective methods is to update the sensor and control systems.

Susan Maley; Robert R. Romanosky

2001-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Using auction based group formation for collaborative networking in Ubicomp  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In many Ubicomp scenarios tiny wireless embedded sensor devices are used, and devices often collaborate to accomplish a common goal. This paper presents a group formation method designed for collaboration of devices. The paper analysis requirements for ...

Christian Decker; Emilian Peev; Till Riedel; Martin Berchtold; Michael Beigl; Daniel Roehr; Monty Beuster

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

IN-LINE CHEMICAL SENSOR DEPLOYMENT IN A TRITIUM PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Tritium Plant (TP) relies on well understood but aging sensor technology for process gas analysis. Though new sensor technologies have been brought to various readiness levels, the TP has been reluctant to install technologies that have not been tested in tritium service. This gap between sensor technology development and incorporating new technologies into practical applications demonstrates fundamental challenges that exist when transitioning from status quo to state-of-the-art in an extreme environment such as a tritium plant. These challenges stem from three root obstacles: 1) The need for a comprehensive assessment of process sensing needs and requirements; 2) The lack of a pick-list of process-compatible sensor technologies; and 3) The need to test technologies in a tritium-contaminated process environment without risking production. At Savannah River, these issues are being addressed in a two phase project. In the first phase, TP sensing requirements were determined by a team of process experts. Meanwhile, Savannah River National Laboratory sensor experts identified candidate technologies and related them to the TP processing requirements. The resulting roadmap links the candidate technologies to actual plant needs. To provide accurate assessments of how a candidate sensor technology would perform in a contaminated process environment, an instrument demonstration station was established within a TP glove box. This station was fabricated to TP process requirements and designed to handle high activity samples. The combination of roadmap and demonstration station provides the following assets: ? Creates a partnership between the process engineers and researchers for sensor selection, maturation, and insertion, ? Selects the right sensors for process conditions ? Provides a means for safely inserting new sensor technology into the process without risking production, and ? Provides a means to evaluate off normal occurrences where and when they occur. This paper discusses the process to identify and demonstrate new sensor technologies for the Savannah River TP.

Tovo, L.; Wright, J.; Torres, R.; Peters, B.

2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

203

Hierarchical Nanoceramics for Industrial Process Sensors  

SciTech Connect

This project developed a robust, tunable, hierarchical nanoceramics materials platform for industrial process sensors in harsh-environments. Control of material structure at multiple length scales from nano to macro increased the sensing response of the materials to combustion gases. These materials operated at relatively high temperatures, enabling detection close to the source of combustion. It is anticipated that these materials can form the basis for a new class of sensors enabling widespread use of efficient combustion processes with closed loop feedback control in the energy-intensive industries. The first phase of the project focused on materials selection and process development, leading to hierarchical nanoceramics that were evaluated for sensing performance. The second phase focused on optimizing the materials processes and microstructures, followed by validation of performance of a prototype sensor in a laboratory combustion environment. The objectives of this project were achieved by: (1) synthesizing and optimizing hierarchical nanostructures; (2) synthesizing and optimizing sensing nanomaterials; (3) integrating sensing functionality into hierarchical nanostructures; (4) demonstrating material performance in a sensing element; and (5) validating material performance in a simulated service environment. The project developed hierarchical nanoceramic electrodes for mixed potential zirconia gas sensors with increased surface area and demonstrated tailored electrocatalytic activity operable at high temperatures enabling detection of products of combustion such as NOx close to the source of combustion. Methods were developed for synthesis of hierarchical nanostructures with high, stable surface area, integrated catalytic functionality within the structures for gas sensing, and demonstrated materials performance in harsh lab and combustion gas environments.

Ruud, James, A.; Brosnan, Kristen, H.; Striker, Todd; Ramaswamy, Vidya; Aceto, Steven, C.; Gao, Yan; Willson, Patrick, D.; Manoharan, Mohan; Armstrong, Eric, N., Wachsman, Eric, D.; Kao, Chi-Chang

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

204

Fiber optic hydrogen sensor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report covers the development of fiber optic hydrogen and temperature sensors for monitoring dissolved hydrogen gas in transformer oil. The concentration of hydrogen gas is a measure of the corona and spark discharge within the transformer and reflects the state of health of the transformer. Key features of the instrument include use of palladium alloys to enhance hydrogen sensitivity, a microprocessor controlled instrument with RS-232, liquid crystal readout, and 4-20 ma. current loop interfaces. Calibration data for both sensors can be down loaded to the instrument through the RS-232 interface. This project was supported by the Technology Transfer Initiative in collaboration with J. W. Harley, Inc. through the mechanism of a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA).

Butler, M.A.; Sanchez, R.; Dulleck, G.R.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

An Inexpensive CO Sensor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 An Inexpensive CO Sensor A schematic of the prototype CO passive sensor. Carbon moNOxide is a colorless, odorless, toxic gas whose primary source indoor is the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels. This gas can be a potential problem in any house that uses combustion appliances for space or water heating, cooking, or idling an automobile in an attached garage. Although most appliances work correctly, a problem can exist in houses when the appliance is unventilated or its ventilation system does not properly eliminate exhaust gases from the house. Since Americans spend 90% of their time indoors and 65 to 70% in their residences, understanding how and when CO builds up indoors could save lives. We have very little systematic data on how CO hazards are distrubuted in the indoor environment, but mortality

206

Rigid particulate matter sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensor to detect particulate matter. The sensor includes a first rigid tube, a second rigid tube, a detection surface electrode, and a bias surface electrode. The second rigid tube is mounted substantially parallel to the first rigid tube. The detection surface electrode is disposed on an outer surface of the first rigid tube. The detection surface electrode is disposed to face the second rigid tube. The bias surface electrode is disposed on an outer surface of the second rigid tube. The bias surface electrode is disposed to face the detection surface electrode on the first rigid tube. An air gap exists between the detection surface electrode and the bias surface electrode to allow particulate matter within an exhaust stream to flow between the detection and bias surface electrodes.

Hall, Matthew (Austin, TX)

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

207

A variety of neutron sensors based on scintillating glass waveguides  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has fabricated cerium-activated, lithium-silicate glass scintillating fiber neutron sensors via a hot-downdraw process. These fibers typically have a transmission length (e{sup {minus}1} length) of greater than 2 meters. The underlying physics of, the properties of, and selected devices incorporating these fibers are described. These fibers constitute an enabling technology for a wide variety of neutron sensors.

Bliss, M.; Craig, R.A.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

NOx Sensor Development  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this report are: (1) Develop an inexpensive, rapid-response, high-sensitivity and selective electrochemical sensor for oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) for compression-ignition, direct-injection (CIDI) exhaust gas monitoring; (2) Explore and characterize novel, effective sensing methodologies based on impedance measurements; (3) Explore designs and manufacturing methods that could be compatible with mass fabrication; and (4) Collaborate with industry in order to (ultimately) transfer the technology to a supplier for commercialization.

Woo, L Y; Glass, R S

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

209

Underground Distribution Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rising costs of new infrastructure, increasing demand, and a declining number of available workers will drive utilities to operate as efficiently as possible. The practice of overbuilding infrastructure to improve or maintain reliability will be viewed as cost-inefficient. Utilities will be forced to operate distribution systems more dynamically and efficiently. Distribution sensors will help provide the needed information to utilities to achieve the goal of dynamic efficiency. The Underground Distributi...

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

210

Ultra-wideband impedance sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The ultra-wideband impedance sensor (UWBZ sensor, or Z-sensor) is implemented in differential and single-ended configurations. The differential UWBZ sensor employs a sub-nanosecond impulse to determine the balance of an impedance bridge. The bridge is configured as a differential sample-and-hold circuit that has a reference impedance side and an unknown impedance side. The unknown impedance side includes a short transmission line whose impedance is a function of the near proximity of objects. The single-ended UWBZ sensor eliminates the reference side of the bridge and is formed of a sample and hold circuit having a transmission line whose impedance is a function of the near proximity of objects. The sensing range of the transmission line is bounded by the two-way travel time of the impulse, thereby eliminating spurious Doppler modes from large distant objects that would occur in a microwave CW impedance bridge. Thus, the UWBZ sensor is a range-gated proximity sensor. The Z-sensor senses the near proximity of various materials such as metal, plastic, wood, petroleum products, and living tissue. It is much like a capacitance sensor, yet it is impervious to moisture. One broad application area is the general replacement of magnetic sensors, particularly where nonferrous materials need to be sensed. Another broad application area is sensing full/empty levels in tanks, vats and silos, e.g., a full/empty switch in water or petroleum tanks.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Ultra-wideband impedance sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The ultra-wideband impedance sensor (UWBZ sensor, or Z-sensor) is implemented in differential and single-ended configurations. The differential UWBZ sensor employs a sub-nanosecond impulse to determine the balance of an impedance bridge. The bridge is configured as a differential sample-and-hold circuit that has a reference impedance side and an unknown impedance side. The unknown impedance side includes a short transmission line whose impedance is a function of the near proximity of objects. The single-ended UWBZ sensor eliminates the reference side of the bridge and is formed of a sample and hold circuit having a transmission line whose impedance is a function of the near proximity of objects. The sensing range of the transmission line is bounded by the two-way travel time of the impulse, thereby eliminating spurious Doppler modes from large distant objects that would occur in a microwave CW impedance bridge. Thus, the UWBZ sensor is a range-gated proximity sensor. The Z-sensor senses the near proximity of various materials such as metal, plastic, wood, petroleum products, and living tissue. It is much like a capacitance sensor, yet it is impervious to moisture. One broad application area is the general replacement of magnetic sensors, particularly where nonferrous materials need to be sensed. Another broad application area is sensing full/empty levels in tanks, vats and silos, e.g., a full/empty switch in water or petroleum tanks. 2 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1999-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

212

Hydrogen Optical Fiber Sensors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Optically-based hydrogen sensors promise to deliver an added level of safety as hydrogen and fuel cell technologies enter the mainstream. More importantly, they offer reduced power consumption and lower cost, which are desirable for mass production applications such as automobiles and consumer appliances. This program addressed two of the major challenges previously identified in porous optrode-based optical hydrogen sensors: sensitivity to moisture (ambient humidity), and interference from the oxygen in air. Polymer coatings to inhibit moisture and oxygen were developed in conjunction with newer and novel hydrogen sensing chemistries. The results showed that it is possible to achieve sensitive hydrogen detection and rapid response with minimal interference from oxygen and humidity. As a result of this work, a new and more exciting avenue of investigation was developed: the elimination of the porous optrode and deposition of the sensor chemistry directly into the polymer film. Initial results have been promising, and open up a wider range of potential applications from extended optical fiber sensing networks, to simple plastic "stickers" for use around the home and office.

Lieberman, Robert A.; Beshay, Manal; Cordero, Steven R.

2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

213

Helping a bio-inspired tactile sensor system to focus on the essential  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Insects use their antennae (feelers) as near-range sensors for orientation, object localization and communication. This paper presents further developments for an approach for an active tactile sensor system. This includes a hardware construction as ... Keywords: FFT, acceleration measurement, active tactile sensing, dimension reduction, material classification, non-negative matrix factorization NMF, object localization

Sven Hellbach; Marc Otto; Volker Dürr

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

A novel group authentication for RuBee sensors in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

4G, the new generation mobile communication, will be formed among heterogeneous wireless networks, which include Wi-Fi, WPAN, etc. At the beginning of 2007, IEEE developed the new short-distance transmitting standard, IEEE1902.1, also known as ...

Tin-Yu Wu; Whai-En Chen; Hung-Lin Chan

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Stochastic binary sensor networks for noisy environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a stochastic framework for detecting anomalies or gathering events of interest in a noisy environment using a network consisting of binary sensors. A binary sensor is an extremely coarse sensor, capable of measuring data to only 1-bit ... Keywords: energy consumption, energy efficiency, noisy environments, sensor networks, simulation, stochastic binary sensors, wireless networks

T. Nguyen; Dong Nguyen; Huaping Liu; Duc A. Tran

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Quantum Devices Group Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Quantum Information and Measurements—America's future prosperity and security may ... For magnetic sensors, spin-based transport in metals and ...

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

217

Shape memory alloy thaw sensors  

SciTech Connect

A sensor permanently indicates that it has been exposed to temperatures exceeding a critical temperature for a predetermined time period. An element of the sensor made from shape memory alloy changes shape when exposed, even temporarily, to temperatures above the austenitic temperature of the shape memory alloy. The shape change of the SMA element causes the sensor to change between two readily distinguishable states. 16 figs.

Shahinpoor, M.; Martinez, D.R.

1998-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

218

Portable Chemical Sensors for Environmental  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical Sensors for Environmental and State of Health Monitoring Emerging nano technologies are transforming microsensor research and development, a key enabler of Sandia's...

219

Available Technologies: Plasmonic Nanocube Sensor  

Berkeley Lab researchers Hung-Jen Wu and John T. Groves have developed a plasmonic nanocube sensor – a low cost, label free optical detection tool ...

220

PC Board Mountable Corrosion Sensors  

Sandia National Laboratories has created sensors to identify and assess the pervasive and expensive problem of corrosion in applications ranging from ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Sensors & Materials | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and engineering expertise to develop, test, and deploy sensors and materials to detect nuclear and radiological materials, chemical and biological agents and explosives. Argonne...

222

Mobility in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the 802.15.4 radio (for wireless operation) as well as thewireless sensor network protocol, significant power can be saved during network operations.

Mehta, Ankur Mukesh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Heterogeneous wireless sensor network deployment and topology control based on irregular sensor model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heterogeneous wireless sensor network (heterogeneous WSN) consists of sensor nodes with different ability, such as different computing power and sensing range. Compared with homogeneous WSN, deployment and topology control are more complex in heterogeneous ... Keywords: heterogeneous sensor deployment, irregular sensor model, sensor coverage, topology control, wireless sensor network

Chun-Hsien Wu; Yeh-Ching Chung

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Treaty on Open Skies sensor technologies with potential international safeguards applications  

SciTech Connect

The Treaty on Open Skies is a precedent-setting agreement that allows signatory states to fly aircraft over each other`s territory with sensor systems. The purpose of the Treaty is to improve confidence and security with respect to military activities of the signatories. This paper reviews the sensor technology that is currently allowed by the Treaty on Open Skies and potential future sensor technology. The Treaty on Open Skies does have provisions to allow for the improvement of the technology of the current sensor systems and for the proposal of new sensors after a period of time. This can occur only after the Treaty has been ratified and has entered into force. If this regime was to be used for other than Treaty on Open Skies applications some modifications to the allowed sensor technology should be examined. This paper presents some ideas on potential improvements to existing allowed sensor technology as well as some suggested new advanced sensor systems that would be useful for future potential monitoring of safeguard`s related activities. This paper addresses advanced imaging sensors and non-imaging sensors for potential use in aerial remote sensing roles that involve international data sharing.

Sandoval, M.B.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

September 8, 2011, HSS/Union Focus Group Work Group Telecom - Work Group Charter  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Health, Safety and Security Focus Group [Name of Work Group] Work Group Charter (Date) I. PURPOSE The HSS Focus Group [Name of Work Group] is one of several HSS Work Groups, established to address worker health, safety and security programs improvements across the U.S. Department of Energy Complex. The [Name of Work Group] has been established to (state specific purpose). II. OBJECTIVES (State the desired impact(s) and major outcome(s) for, the Work Group) 1. Establish specific improvement goals, intended outputs and supporting activities that respond to identified worker health and safety improvement needs. 2. Establish measurable indicators when possible to support findings, recommendations and accomplishments.

226

Expendable oceanographic sensor apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An expendable oceanographic sensor apparatus is deployed from an airplane or a ship to make oceanographic observations in a profile of the surface-to-ocean floor, while deployed on the floor, and then a second profile when returning to the ocean surface. The device then records surface conditions until on-board batteries fail. All data collected is stored and then transmitted from the surface to either a satellite or other receiving station. The apparatus is provided with an anchor that causes descent to the ocean floor and then permits ascent when the anchor is released. Anchor release is predetermined by the occurrence of a pre-programmed event.

McCoy, Kim O. (Carmel, CA); Downing, Jr., John P. (Port Townsand, WA); DeRoos, Bradley G. (Worthington, OH); Riches, Michael R. (Silver Spring, MD)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Optical humidity sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical dielectric humidity sensor is disclosed which includes a dielectric mirror having multiple alternating layers of two porous water-adsorbent dielectric materials with differing indices of refraction carried by a translucent substrate. A narrow-band polarized light source is positioned to direct light energy onto the mirror, and detectors are positioned to receive light energy transmitted through and reflected by the mirror. A ratiometer indicates humidity in the atmosphere which surrounds the dielectric mirror as a function of a ratio of light energies incident on the detectors. 2 figs.

Tarvin, J.A.

1987-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

228

Optical humidity sensor  

SciTech Connect

An optical dielectric humidity sensor which includes a dielectric mirror having multiple alternating layers of two porous water-adsorbent dielectric materials with differing indices of refraction carried by a translucent substrate. A narrow-band polarized light source is positioned to direct light energy onto the mirror, and detectors are positioned to receive light energy transmitted through and reflected by the mirror. A ratiometer indicates humidity in the atmosphere which surrounds the dielectric mirror as a function of a ratio of light energies incident on the detectors.

Tarvin, Jeffrey A. (Ann Arbor, MI)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Thin film hydrogen sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin film hydrogen sensor, includes: a substantially flat ceramic substrate with first and second planar sides and a first substrate end opposite a second substrate end; a thin film temperature responsive resistor on the first planar side of the substrate proximate to the first substrate end; a thin film hydrogen responsive metal resistor on the first planar side of the substrate proximate to the fist substrate end and proximate to the temperature responsive resistor; and a heater on the second planar side of the substrate proximate to the first end.

Cheng, Yang-Tse (Rochester Hills, MI); Poli, Andrea A. (Livonia, MI); Meltser, Mark Alexander (Pittsford, NY)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Fluorescent sensor for mercury  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides a sensor for detecting mercury, comprising: a first polynucleotide, comprising a first region, and a second region, a second polynucleotide, a third polynucleotide, a fluorophore, and a quencher, wherein the third polynucleotide is optionally linked to the second region; the fluorophore is linked to the first polynucleotide and the quencher is linked to the second polynucleotide, or the fluorophore is linked to the second polynucleotide and the quencher is linked to the first polynucleotide; the first region and the second region hybridize to the second polynucleotide; and the second region binds to the third polynucleotide in the presence of Hg.sup.2+ ions.

Wang, Zidong (Urbana, IL); Lee, Jung Heon (Evanston, IL); Lu, Yi (Champaign, IL)

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

231

Disens: scalable distributed sensor network simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulation is widely used for developing, evaluating and analyzing sensor network applications, especially when deploying a large scale sensor network remains expensive and labor intensive. However, due to its computation intensive nature, existent simulation ... Keywords: distributed simulation, sensor network, simulation

Ye Wen; Rich Wolski; Gregory Moore

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Use of sensors in monitoring civil structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis surveys the use of sensors and sensor networks in monitoring civil structures, with particular emphasis on the monitoring of bridges and highways using fiber optic sensors. Following a brief review of the most ...

Daher, Bassam William, 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Comparative performance study of ADMR and ODMRP in the context of wireless LANs and wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless LANs (WLANs) and Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are two large groups of networks that have well established application ranges. Despite the fact that they address very distinctive groups of devices and have clearly differentiated wireless interfaces, ... Keywords: medium access control mechanisms, performance evaluation, wireless LANs, wireless sensor networks

Radosveta Sokullu; Ozlem Karaca

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Studying Altocumulus Plus Virga with Ground-based Active and Passive Remote Sensors Zhien Wang1, Kenneth Sassen2, David Whiteman3, and Belay Demoz3 1University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Catonsville, MD 21228 2University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775 3NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 E-mail: zhien@agnes.gsfc.nasa.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Seasonal and Interannual Variations of Boundary-layer Mixed-phase Seasonal and Interannual Variations of Boundary-layer Mixed-phase Cloud Properties Observed at the ARCF NSA site Zhien Wang, Ming Zhao, and Min Deng University of Wyoming , Laramie, Wyoming, 82071, zwang@uwyo.edu References Curry, J. et al., 1996: Overview of Arctic cloud and radiation characteristics. J. Climate., 9, 1731-1764. Wang, Z. and K. Sassen, 2002: Cirrus cloud microphysical property retrieval using lidar and radar measurements, I: algorithm description and comparison with in situ data. J. Appl. Meteor., 41, 218-229. Wang, Z., K. Sassen, D. Whiteman, and B. Demoz, 2004: Studying altocumulus plus virga with ground-based active and passive remote sensors. J. Appl. Meteor.,43, 449-460. Wang, Z., 2007: Refined Two-channel Microwave Radiometer Liquid Water Path Retrieval at Cold Regions by Using Multiple-sensor Measurements. IEEE Geoscience and Remote

235

Substation Sensor Database Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Substation Sensor database provides utilities with a searchable list of sensors available to be applied in substation applications. The Substation Sensor Database provides a searchable database of sensors available to substation engineers, categorized by Area, Component, Sub-Component, Parameter, and Technology. By specifying each category, the list can be filtered to a sub-set of sensors. By clicking on a sensorname, details can be viewed including a description, sensor maturity, and a link to the m...

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

236

Wireless Sensors and Networks for Advanced Energy Management  

SciTech Connect

Numerous national studies and working groups have identified low-cost, very low-power wireless sensors and networks as a critical enabling technology for increasing energy efficiency, reducing waste, and optimizing processes. Research areas for developing such sensor and network platforms include microsensor arrays, ultra-low power electronics and signal conditioning, data/control transceivers, and robust wireless networks. A review of some of the research in the following areas will be discussed: (1) Low-cost, flexible multi-sensor array platforms (CO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, CO, humidity, NH{sub 3}, O{sub 2}, occupancy, etc.) that enable energy and emission reductions in applications such as buildings and manufacturing; (2) Modeling investments (energy usage and savings to drive capital investment decisions) and estimated uptime improvements through pervasive gathering of equipment and process health data and its effects on energy; (3) Robust, self-configuring wireless sensor networks for energy management; and (4) Quality-of-service for secure and reliable data transmission from widely distributed sensors. Wireless communications is poised to support technical innovations in the industrial community, with widespread use of wireless sensors forecasted to improve manufacturing production and energy efficiency and reduce emissions. Progress being made in wireless system components, as described in this paper, is helping bring these projected improvements to reality.

Hardy, J.E.

2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

237

Fiber optic temperature sensor  

SciTech Connect

Our fiber optic temperature measurement sensor and system is a major improvement over methods currently in use in most industrial processes, and it delivers all of the attributes required simplicity, accuracy, and cost efficiency-to help improve all of these processes. Because temperature is a basic physical attribute of nearly every industrial and commercial process, our system can eventually result in significant improvements in nearly every industrial and commercial process. Many finished goods, and the materials that go into them, are critically dependent on the temperature. The better the temperature measurement, the better quality the goods will be and the more economically they can be produced. The production and transmission of energy requires the monitoring of temperature in motors, circuit breakers, power generating plants, and transmission line equipment. The more reliable and robust the methods for measuring these temperature, the more available, stable, and affordable the supply of energy will become. The world is increasingly realizing the threats to health and safety of toxic or otherwise undesirable by products of the industrial economy in the environment. Cleanup of such contamination often depends on techniques that require the constant monitoring of temperature in extremely hazardous environments, which can damage most conventional temperature sensors and which are dangerous for operating personnel. Our system makes such monitoring safer and more economical.

Rabold, D.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Passive blast pressure sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive blast pressure sensor for detecting blast overpressures of at least a predetermined minimum threshold pressure. The blast pressure sensor includes a piston-cylinder arrangement with one end of the piston having a detection surface exposed to a blast event monitored medium through one end of the cylinder and the other end of the piston having a striker surface positioned to impact a contact stress sensitive film that is positioned against a strike surface of a rigid body, such as a backing plate. The contact stress sensitive film is of a type which changes color in response to at least a predetermined minimum contact stress which is defined as a product of the predetermined minimum threshold pressure and an amplification factor of the piston. In this manner, a color change in the film arising from impact of the piston accelerated by a blast event provides visual indication that a blast overpressure encountered from the blast event was not less than the predetermined minimum threshold pressure.

King, Michael J.; Sanchez, Roberto J.; Moss, William C.

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

239

Security for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This chapter identifies the vulnerabilities associated with the operational paradigms currently employed by Wireless Sensor Networks. A survey of current WSN security research is presented. The security issues of Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks and infrastructure ... Keywords: WSN, security, sensor networks, wireless

Sasikanth Avancha; Jeffrey Undercoffer; Anupam Joshi; John Pinkston

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Novel Zigzag Shape Gives Sensors Magnetic Appeal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have designed tiny magnetic sensors in a "zigzag" shape that are ... Zigzag-shaped magnetic sensors. ...

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Wireless Temperature Sensors for Improved HVAC Control  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

reliable, and affordable and affordable Wireless Temperature Sensors for Improved HVAC Control An assessment of wireless sensor technology Executive Summary This Technology...

242

HVAC Sensors, Controls, and Human Feedback Interfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HVAC Sensors, HVAC Sensors, Controls, and Human Controls, and Human Feedback Interfaces Feedback Interfaces April 26, 2010 Dr. Amr Gado Emerson Climate Technologies Heating And...

243

Gas sensor incorporating a porous framework  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure provides sensor for gas sensing including CO.sub.2 gas sensors comprising a porous framework sensing area for binding an analyte gas.

Yaghi, Omar M.; Czaja, Alexander U.; Wang, Bo; Furukawa, Hiroyasu; Galatsis, Kosmas; Wang, Kang L.

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

244

Category:Passive Sensors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Imaging P Passive Sensors S Stereo Satellite Imagery SWIR Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCategory:PassiveSensors&oldid594073" Category: Remote Sensing...

245

Energy Harvesting Support for Sensor Networking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Networked Sensing Energy Harvesting Support for SensorLifetime or Per formance Energy Harvesting System life andProposed Solution: Energy Harvesting Support for sensor

Jason Hsu; Aman Kansal; Mani Srivastava

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Smart Grid Applications Using Sensor Web Services .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Sensor network web services have recently emerged as promising tools to provide remote management, data collection and querying capabilities for sensor networks. They can be… (more)

Asad, Omar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Energy efficient sensor network implementations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we discuss a low power embedded sensor node architecture we are developing for distributed sensor network systems deployed in a natural environment. In particular, we examine the sensor node for energy efficient processing-at-the-sensor. We analyze the following modes of operation; event detection, sleep(wake-up), data acquisition, data processing modes using low power, high performance embedded technology such as specialized embedded DSP processors and a low power FPGAs at the sensing node. We use compute intensive sensor node applications: an acoustic vehicle classifier (frequency domain analysis) and a video license plate identification application (learning algorithm) as a case study. We report performance and total energy usage for our system implementations and discuss the system architecture design trade offs.

Frigo, Janette R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Raby, Eric Y [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brennan, Sean M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kulathumani, Vinod [WEST VIRGINIA UNIV.; Rosten, Ed [CAMBRIDGE UNIV.; Wolinski, Christophe [IRISA; Wagner, Charles [IRISA; Charot, Francois [IRISA

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Intelligent Software Agents: Sensor Integration and Response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract In a post Macondo world the buzzwords are Integrity Management and Incident Response Management. The twin processes are not new but the opportunity to link the two is novel. Intelligent software agents can be used with sensor networks in distributed and centralized computing systems to enhance real-time monitoring of system integrity as well as manage the follow-on incident response to changing, and potentially hazardous, environmental conditions. The software components are embedded at the sensor network nodes in surveillance systems used for monitoring unusual events. When an event occurs, the software agents establish a new concept of operation at the sensing node, post the event status to a blackboard for software agents at other nodes to see , and then react quickly and efficiently to monitor the scale of the event. The technology addresses a current challenge in sensor networks that prevents a rapid and efficient response when a sensor measurement indicates that an event has occurred. By using intelligent software agents - which can be stationary or mobile, interact socially, and adapt to changing situations - the technology offers features that are particularly important when systems need to adapt to active circumstances. For example, when a release is detected, the local software agent collaborates with other agents at the node to exercise the appropriate operation, such as: targeted detection, increased detection frequency, decreased detection frequency for other non-alarming sensors, and determination of environmental conditions so that adjacent nodes can be informed that an event is occurring and when it will arrive. The software agents at the nodes can also post the data in a targeted manner, so that agents at other nodes and the command center can exercise appropriate operations to recalibrate the overall sensor network and associated intelligence systems. The paper describes the concepts and provides examples of real-world implementations including the Threat Detection and Analysis System (TDAS) at the International Port of Memphis and the Biological Warning and Incident Characterization System (BWIC) Environmental Monitoring (EM) Component. Technologies developed for these 24/7 operational systems have applications for improved real-time system integrity awareness as well as provide incident response (as needed) for production and field applications.

Kulesz, James J [ORNL; Lee, Ronald W [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

NREL Develops Test Facility and Test Protocols for Hydrogen Sensor Performance (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes NREL's accomplishments in quantitative assessment of hydrogen sensors. Work was performed by the Safety Codes and Standards Group in the Hydrogen Technologies and Systems Center.

Not Available

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

NREL Develops Test Facility and Test Protocols for Hydrogen Sensor Performance (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes NREL's accomplishments in quantitative assessment of hydrogen sensors. Work was performed by the Safety Codes and Standards Group in the Hydrogen Technologies and Systems Center.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Development of Green Box sensor module technologies for rail applications  

SciTech Connect

Results of a joint Sandia National Laboratories, University of New Mexico, and New Mexico Engineering Research Institute project to investigate an architecture implementing real-time monitoring and tracking technologies in the railroad industry is presented. The work, supported by the New Mexico State Transportation Authority, examines a family of smart sensor products that can be tailored to the specific needs of the user. The concept uses a strap-on sensor package, designed as a value-added component, integrated into existing industry systems and standards. Advances in sensor microelectronics and digital signal processing permit us to produce a class of smart sensors that interpret raw data and transmit inferred information. As applied to freight trains, the sensors` primary purpose is to minimize operating costs by decreasing losses due to theft, and by reducing the number, severity, and consequence of hazardous materials incidents. The system would be capable of numerous activities including: monitoring cargo integrity, controlling system braking and vehicle acceleration, recognizing component failure conditions, and logging sensor data. A cost-benefit analysis examines the loss of revenue resulting from theft, hazardous materials incidents, and accidents. Customer survey data are combined with the cost benefit analysis and used to guide the product requirements definition for a series of specific applications. A common electrical architecture is developed to support the product line and permit rapid product realization. Results of a concept validation, which used commercial hardware and was conducted on a revenue-generating train, are also reported.

Rey, D.; Breeding, R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hogan, J.; Mitchell, J. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States); McKeen, R.G. [New Mexico Engineering Research Inst., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Brogan, J. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Special Issue "Underwater Sensor Nodes and Underwater Sensor Networks" A special issue of Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Special Issue "Underwater Sensor Nodes and Underwater Sensor Networks" A special issue of Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220) Website: http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors/special_issues/underwater_sens Journal prediction, oil monitoring and so on. This special issue tries to collect the recent advances on underwater

Chen, Min

253

Real-time Combustion Control and Diagnostics Sensor-Pressure Oscillation Monitor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Combustion Control and Diagnostics Combustion Control and Diagnostics Sensor-Pressure Oscillation Monitor Opportunity The Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is seeking licensing partners interested in implementing its patented "Real-Time Combustion Control and Diagnostics Sensor-Pressure Oscillation Monitor" technology. Disclosed is NETL's sensor system and process for monitoring and controlling the amplitude and/or frequencies of dynamic pressure oscillations in combustion systems during active combustion processes. The combustion control and diagnostics sensor (CCADS) is designed for gas turbine combustors that are operated near the fuel-lean flame extinction limit to minimize production of the atmospheric pollutant NOx. CCADS eliminates the problems of flashback,

254

Infrasound Sensor Models and Evaluations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories has continued to evaluate the performance of infrasound sensors that are candidates for use by the International Monitoring System (IMS) for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization. The performance criteria against which these sensors are assessed are specified in ``Operational Manual for Infra-sound Monitoring and the International Exchange of Infrasound Data''. This presentation includes the results of efforts concerning two of these sensors: (1) Chaparral Physics Model 5; and (2) CEA MB2000. Sandia is working with Chaparral Physics in order to improve the capability of the Model 5 (a prototype sensor) to be calibrated and evaluated. With the assistance of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Sandia is also conducting tests to evaluate the performance of the CEA MB2000. Sensor models based on theoretical transfer functions and manufacturer specifications for these two devices have been developed. This presentation will feature the results of coherence-based data analysis of signals from a huddle test, utilizing several sensors of both types, in order to verify the sensor performance.

KROMER,RICHARD P.; MCDONALD,TIMOTHY S.

2000-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

255

An optimal leakage detection strategy for underground pipelines using magnetic induction-based sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is difficult to detect small leakages in underground pipelines with high accuracy and low-energy cost due to the inaccessible underground environments. To this end, the Magnetic Induction (MI)-based wireless sensor network for underground pipeline ... Keywords: deployment and activation of sensors, energy consumption, estimation accuracy, leakage detection and localization, underground pipelines

Xin Tan, Zhi Sun

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Specification verification and validation of wireless sensor network model for environment monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose methodology for modeling and development of wireless sensor network (WSN) application for monitoring, quantifying, verifying and validating organization GHG information. We have discussed preliminary activities and challenges ... Keywords: fault tolerance, formal methods, wireless sensor network (WSN)

R Jaichandran; A. Anthony Irudhayaraj

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

QoS supporting and optimal energy allocation for a cluster based wireless sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have become a very active and important area of research due to their potential in civil and military applications. A lot of research works focus on energy efficient routing protocols due to the limited energy of battery-powered ... Keywords: Clustering, Data loss rate, Optimal energy allocation, QoS, Source-to-sink delay, Wireless sensor network

Shensheng Tang; Wei Li

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Real-time classification via sparse representation in acoustic sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acoustic Sensor Networks (ASNs) have a wide range of applications in natural and urban environment monitoring, as well as indoor activity monitoring. In-network classification is critically important in ASNs because wireless transmission costs several ... Keywords: ℓ1 minimization, acoustic sensor networks (ASNs), audio classification, sparse approximation

Bo Wei, Mingrui Yang, Yiran Shen, Rajib Rana, Chun Tung Chou, Wen Hu

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

PicoCube: a 1 cm3 sensor node powered by harvested energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The PicoCube is a 1 cm3 sensor node using harvested energy as its source of power. Operating at an average of only 6uW for a tirepressure application, the PicoCube represents a modular and integrated approach to the design of nodes for wireless ... Keywords: active antennas, advanced packaging, energy harvesting, energy management, intelligent sensors, low power

Yuen-Hui Chee; Mike Koplow; Michael Mark; Nathan Pletcher; Mike Seeman; Fred Burghardt; Dan Steingart; Jan Rabaey; Paul Wright; Seth Sanders

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

for distributed wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEMS technology is enabling the development of inexpensive, autonomous wireless sensor nodes with volumes ranging from cubic mm to several cubic cm. These tiny sensor nodes can form rapidly deployed, massive distributed networks to allow unobtrusive, spatially dense, sensing and communication. MEMS enable these devices by reducing both the volume and energy consumption of various components. This paper will review some of the wireless sensor nodes under development and applicable MEMS devices for small and efficient optical communication, micropower generation, and sensing. In addition, CMOS post-process micromachining will be discussed as a method of achieving low cost and high integration. 1.

Brett A. Warneke; Kristofer S. J. Pister

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

DISTRIBUTED SENSOR FUSION USING DYNAMIC CONSENSUS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DISTRIBUTED SENSOR FUSION USING DYNAMIC CONSENSUS Demetri P. Spanos Richard M. Murray California in the underlying network topology and performance, making it an interesting candidate for sensor fusion, Decentralized systems, Graph theoretic models, Sensor Fusion 1. INTRODUCTION Sensor networks are a prominent

Murray, Richard M.

262

Wireless sensor networks for habitat monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We provide an in-depth study of applying wireless sensor networks to real-world habitat monitoring. A set of system design requirements are developed that cover the hardware design of the nodes, the design of the sensor network, and the capabilities ... Keywords: environmental monitoring, habitat monitoring, low power systems, sensor network architecture, wireless sensor networks

Alan Mainwaring; David Culler; Joseph Polastre; Robert Szewczyk; John Anderson

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Multiple sensors with single HVAC system control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sensor; HVAC; control system; optimization; multi channeloptimization method is designed to be independent of the HVAC

Lin, Craig; Federspiel, Clifford; Auslander, David

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Secure multidimensional range queries in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most future large-scale sensor networks are expected to follow a two-tier architecture which consists of resource-rich master nodes at the upper tier and resource-poor sensor nodes at the lower tier. Sensor nodes submit data to nearby master nodes which ... Keywords: multidimensional range query, security, sensor networks,

Rui Zhang; Jing Shi; Yanchao Zhang

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

A logic approach to virtual sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a technique that builds a layer of virtual sensors over a sensor network. The virtual sensors are able to infer and provide data for the physical sensors that do not work. The key assumption of our approach is that the physical quantities ...

Luciano Caroprese; Carmela Comito; Domenico Talia; Ester Zumpano

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Effects of Pressure on Oxygen Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To measure the effects of pressure on the output of a membrane oxygen sensor and a nonmembrane oxygen sensor, the authors pressure cycled a CTD sensor package in a laboratory pressure facility. The CTD sensor package was cycled from 30 to 6800 db ...

M. J. Atkinson; F. I. M. Thomas; N. Larson

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Argonne TDC: Sensor Technology Available for Licensing  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

268

Hydrogen Sensor Testing, Hydrogen Technologies (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Factsheet describing the hydrogen sensor testing laboratory at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

Not Available

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Semantic Sensor Net: an extensible framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Existing approaches for sensor networks suffer from a number of serious drawbacks, including assumption of homogeneous sensor nodes, application-dependency, engineering-orientation, and lack of interoperability. To overcome these drawbacks, we ... Keywords: architecture, data processing, dynamic tagging, framework, semantic information, semantic sensor net, semantics, sensor networks

Lionel M. Ni; Yanmin Zhu; Jian Ma; Qiong Luo; Yunhao Liu; S. C. Cheung; Qiang Yang; Minglu Li; Min-you Wu

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Selective chemical detection by energy modulation of sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A portable instrument for use in the field in detecting, identifying, and quantifying a component of a sampled fluid includes a sensor which chemically reacts with the component of interest or a derivative thereof, an electrical heating filament for heating the sample before it is applied to the sensor, and modulating means for continuously varying the temperature of the filament (and hence the reaction rate) between two values sufficient to produce the chemical reaction. In response to this thermal modulation, the sensor produces a modulated output signal, the modulation of which is a function of the activation energy of the chemical reaction, which activation energy is specific to the particular component of interest and its concentration. Microprocessor means compares the modulated output signal with standard responses for a plurality of components to identify and quantify the particular component of interest. 4 figs.

Stetter, J.R.; Otagawa, T.

1985-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

271

Safety Related Applications (Sensors and Instrumentation and NDE) - Nuclear  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Office of DOE Office of Nuclear Energy, Science, and Technology Capabilities Sensors and Instrumentation and Nondestructive Evaluation Overview Energy System Applications Safety-Related Applications Overview DOE Office of Nuclear Energy, Science, and Technology Nuclear Regulatory Commission National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Homeland Security Applications Biomedical Applications Millimiter Wave Group Papers Other NPNS Capabilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Sensors and Instrumentation and Nondestructive Evaluation Safety Related Applications Bookmark and Share DOE Office of Nuclear Energy, Science, and Technology The objective of this Nuclear Energy Plant Optimization Project is to

272

Particulate matter sensor with a heater  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus to detect particulate matter. The apparatus includes a sensor electrode, a shroud, and a heater. The electrode measures a chemical composition within an exhaust stream. The shroud surrounds at least a portion of the sensor electrode, exclusive of a distal end of the sensor electrode exposed to the exhaust stream. The shroud defines an air gap between the sensor electrode and the shroud and an opening toward the distal end of the sensor electrode. The heater is mounted relative to the sensor electrode. The heater burns off particulate matter in the air gap between the sensor electrode and the shroud.

Hall, Matthew (Austin, TX)

2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

273

Aircraft Cabin Environmental Quality Sensors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aircraft Cabin Environmental Quality Sensors Aircraft Cabin Environmental Quality Sensors Title Aircraft Cabin Environmental Quality Sensors Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2004 Authors Gundel, Lara A., Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Michael Spears, and Douglas P. Sullivan Keywords carbon monoxide, ozone Abstract Identification of aircraft cabin environmental quality concerns for which sensors may be useful The highest priority environmental indicators identified are ozone and cabin air pressure, followed by carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide with moderate priority, and then relative humidity, airborne particles, and organic contaminants, including engine oil byproducts and pesticides. This list is based on the Congressional requirements and recent scientific literature, starting with information from recent studies (NAS/NRC, ASHRAE/Battelle), and continuing by seeking input from a variety of stakeholders.

274

Simulating networks of wireless sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent advances in low-power embedded processors, radios, and micro-mechanical systems (MEMs) have made possible the development of networks of wirelessly interconnected sensors. With their focus on applications requiring tight coupling with the physical ...

Sung Park; Andreas Savvides; Mani B. Srivastava

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Functionalized nanoparticles for sensor applications.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We will describe our work on functionalized arrays of nanoparticles crosslinked with short conducting molecules that contain sensing functionalities. These bridging ligands modulate their conductivity based on their interaction with analytes. This functionalized nanoparticles organic ligand composite material once it is assembled between nanogaps electrodes will provide nanosized sensors that can be easily interrogated. These nanogap sensors will be engineered so that they can be fabricated into arrays of different sensor elements. This project consists of a number of different requirements that must be met in order to enable the use of functionalized nanoparticles for sensor applications. The first requirement is the appropriately functionalized nanoparticle. The second is a method to assemble the particles. The third requirement is the generation of a nanogap to contain the nanoparticles. The successes in each of these areas will be discussed as will the sensing behavior of the final films.

Simonson, Robert Joseph; Childs, Kenton David; Howell, Stephen Wayne; Dirk, Shawn M.; Wheeler, David Roger

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Forest Products: Acoustic Humidity Sensor  

SciTech Connect

The new acoustic sensor, designed as a humidity-control system for the paper and textile industries, can both eliminate overdrying and improve product quality by measuring humidity precisely. This new fact sheet explains how the process works.

Poole, L.; Recca, L.

1999-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

277

Sensor applications of carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A search of published research on sensing mechanisms of carbon nanotubes was performed to identify applications in which carbon nanotubes might improve on current sensor technologies, in either offering improved performance, ...

Rushfeldt, Scott I

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Compact orthogonal NMR field sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A Compact Orthogonal Field Sensor for emitting two orthogonal electro-magnetic fields in a common space. More particularly, a replacement inductor for existing NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) sensors to allow for NMR imaging. The Compact Orthogonal Field Sensor has a conductive coil and a central conductor electrically connected in series. The central conductor is at least partially surrounded by the coil. The coil and central conductor are electrically or electro-magnetically connected to a device having a means for producing or inducing a current through the coil and central conductor. The Compact Orthogonal Field Sensor can be used in NMR imaging applications to determine the position and the associated NMR spectrum of a sample within the electro-magnetic field of the central conductor.

Gerald, II, Rex E. (Brookfield, IL); Rathke, Jerome W. (Homer Glen, IL)

2009-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

279

Reliable networks with unreliable sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) deployed in hostile environments suffer from a high rate of node failure. We investigate the effect of such failure rate on network connectivity. We provide a formal analysis that establishes the relationship between node ...

Srikanth Sastry; Tsvetomira Radeva; Jianer Chen; Jennifer L. Welch

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Illinois Wind Workers Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Illinois Wind Working Group (IWWG) was founded in 2006 with about 15 members. It has grown to over 200 members today representing all aspects of the wind industry across the State of Illinois. In 2008, the IWWG developed a strategic plan to give direction to the group and its activities. The strategic plan identifies ways to address critical market barriers to the further penetration of wind. The key to addressing these market barriers is public education and outreach. Since Illinois has a restructured electricity market, utilities no longer have a strong control over the addition of new capacity within the state. Instead, market acceptance depends on willing landowners to lease land and willing county officials to site wind farms. Many times these groups are uninformed about the benefits of wind energy and unfamiliar with the process. Therefore, many of the project objectives focus on conferences, forum, databases and research that will allow these stakeholders to make well-educated decisions.

David G. Loomis

2012-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Novel Sensor for Transformer Diagnosis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report details the progress made in the detection of acetylene and hydrogen gas dissolved in oil using novel methods of optical fiber sensing. Of note in this report are the sensitivity and resolution enhancements of the two sensing methods as well as the construction of a field-testable prototype. The sensor’s non-sensitivity to several other gases commonly found in insulating transformer oil is also described. With some further development, the resolution of gas detection can still be ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

282

Energy System Applications in Sensors and Instrumentation and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy System Applications Energy System Applications Capabilities Sensors and Instrumentation and Nondestructive Evaluation Overview Energy System Applications Overview DOE Office of Fossil Energy DOE Office of Transportation Technologies Ion-mobility Spectrometry Based NOx Sensor DOE Office of Power Technology Work for Others Safety-Related Applications Homeland Security Applications Biomedical Applications Millimiter Wave Group Papers Other NPNS Capabilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Sensors and Instrumentation and Nondestructive Evaluation Energy System Applications Bookmark and Share The many projects summarized in the pages listed below give a clear indication of the breadth of our SI&NDE work on diverse energy system

283

High Energy Laser Diagnostic Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent advancements in high energy laser (HEL) sources have outpaced diagnostic tools capable of accurately quantifying system performance. Diagnostic tools are needed that allow system developers to measure the parameters that define HEL effectiveness. The two critical parameters for quantifying HEL effectiveness are the irradiance on target and resultant rise in target temperature. Off-board sensing has its limitations, including unpredictable changes in the reflectivity of the target, smoke and outgassing, and atmospheric distortion. On-board sensors overcome the limitations of off-board techniques but must survive high irradiance levels and extreme temperatures.We have developed sensors for on-target diagnostics of high energy laser beams and for the measurement of the thermal response of the target. The conformal sensors consist of an array of quantum dot photodetectors and resistive temperature detectors. The sensor arrays are lithographically fabricated on flexible substrates and can be attached to a variety of laser targets. We have developed a nanoparticle adhesive process that provides good thermal contact with the target and that ensures the sensor remains attached to the target for as long as the target survives. We have calibrated the temperature and irradiance sensors and demonstrated them in a HEL environment.

Luke, James R.; Goddard, Douglas N.; Thomas, David [AEgis Technologies Group, 10501 Research Rd SE, Suite D, Albuquerque, NM 87123, 505-938-9221 (United States); Lewis, Jay [RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

284

Micromechanical potentiometric sensors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A microcantilever potentiometric sensor utilized for detecting and measuring physical and chemical parameters in a sample of media is described. The microcantilevered spring element includes at least one chemical coating on a coated region, that accumulates a surface charge in response to hydrogen ions, redox potential, or ion concentrations in a sample of the media being monitored. The accumulation of surface charge on one surface of the microcantilever, with a differing surface charge on an opposing surface, creates a mechanical stress and a deflection of the spring element. One of a multitude of deflection detection methods may include the use of a laser light source focused on the microcantilever, with a photo-sensitive detector receiving reflected laser impulses. The microcantilevered spring element is approximately 1 to 100 .mu.m long, approximately 1 to 50 .mu.m wide, and approximately 0.3 to 3.0 .mu.m thick. An accuracy of detection of deflections of the cantilever is provided in the range of 0.01 nanometers of deflection. The microcantilever apparatus and a method of detection of parameters require only microliters of a sample to be placed on, or near the spring element surface. The method is extremely sensitive to the detection of the parameters to be measured.

Thundat, Thomas G. (Knoxville, TN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Beam current sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A current sensor for measuring the dc component of a beam of charged particles employs a superconducting pick-up loop probe, with twisted superconducting leads in combination with a Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) detector. The pick-up probe is in the form of a single-turn loop, or a cylindrical toroid, through which the beam is directed and within which a first magnetic flux is excluded by the Meisner effect. The SQUID detector acts as a flux-to-voltage converter in providing a current to the pick-up loop so as to establish a second magnetic flux within the electrode which nulls out the first magnetic flux. A feedback voltage within the SQUID detector represents the beam current of the particles which transit the pick-up loop. Meisner effect currents prevent changes in the magnetic field within the toroidal pick-up loop and produce a current signal independent of the beam's cross-section and its position within the toroid, while the combination of superconducting elements provides current measurement sensitivities in the nano-ampere range.

Kuchnir, M.; Mills, F.E.

1984-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

286

Micromechanical calorimetric sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A calorimeter sensor apparatus is developed utilizing microcantilevered spring elements for detecting thermal changes within a sample containing biomolecules which undergo chemical and biochemical reactions. The spring element includes a bimaterial layer of chemicals on a coated region on at least one surface of the microcantilever. The chemicals generate a differential thermal stress across the surface upon reaction of the chemicals with an analyte or biomolecules within the sample due to the heat of chemical reactions in the sample placed on the coated region. The thermal stress across the spring element surface creates mechanical bending of the microcantilever. The spring element has a low thermal mass to allow detection and measuring of heat transfers associated with chemical and biochemical reactions within a sample placed on or near the coated region. A second surface may have a different material, or the second surface and body of microcantilever may be of an inert composition. The differential thermal stress between the surfaces of the microcantilever create bending of the cantilever. Deflections of the cantilever are detected by a variety of detection techniques. The microcantilever may be approximately 1 to 200 .mu.m long, approximately 1 to 50 .mu.m wide, and approximately 0.3 to 3.0 .mu.m thick. A sensitivity for detection of deflections is in the range of 0.01 nanometers. The microcantilever is extremely sensitive to thermal changes in samples as small as 30 microliters.

Thundat, Thomas G. (Knoxville, TN); Doktycz, Mitchel J. (Knoxville, TN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Calorimetric gas sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A combustible gas sensor that uses a resistively heated, noble metal-coated, micromachined polycrystalline Si filament to calorimetrically detect the presence and concentration of combustible gases. The filaments tested to date are 2 .mu.m thick.times.10 .mu.m wide.times.100, 250, 500, or 1000 .mu.m-long polycrystalline Si; some are overcoated with a 0.25 .mu.m-thick protective CVD Si.sub.3 N.sub.4 layer. A thin catalytic Pt film was deposited by CVD from the precursor Pt(acac).sub.2 onto microfilaments resistively heated to approximately 500.degree. C.; Pt deposits only on the hot filament. Using a constant-resistance-mode feedback circuit, Pt-coated filaments operating at ca. 300.degree. C. (35 mW input power) respond linearly, in terms of the change in supply current required to maintain constant resistance (temperature), to H.sub.2 concentrations between 100 ppm and 1% in an 80/20 N.sub.2 /O.sub.2 mixture. Other catalytic materials can also be used.

Ricco, Antonio J. (Albuquerque, NM); Hughes, Robert C. (Cedar Crest, NM); Smith, James H. (Albuquerque, NM); Moreno, Daniel J. (Albuquerque, NM); Manginell, Ronald P. (Albuquerque, NM); Senturia, Stephen D. (Brookline, MA); Huber, Robert J. (Bountiful, UT)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Calorimetric gas sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A combustible gas sensor is described that uses a resistively heated, noble metal-coated, micromachined polycrystalline Si filament to calorimetrically detect the presence and concentration of combustible gases. The filaments tested to date are 2 {micro}m thick {times} 10{micro}m wide {times} 100, 250, 500, or 1000 {micro}m-long polycrystalline Si; some are overcoated with a 0.25 {micro}m-thick protective CVD Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} layer. A thin catalytic Pt film was deposited by CVD from the precursor Pt(acac){sub 2} onto microfilaments resistively heated to approximately 500 C; Pt deposits only on the hot filament. Using a constant-resistance-mode feedback circuit, Pt-coated filaments operating at ca. 300 C (35 mW input power) respond linearly, in terms of the change in supply current required to maintain constant resistance (temperature), to H{sub 2} concentrations between 100 ppm and 1% in an 80/20 N{sub 2}/O{sub 2} mixture. Other catalytic materials can also be used. 11 figs.

Ricco, A.J.; Hughes, R.C.; Smith, J.H.; Moreno, D.J.; Manginell, R.P.; Senturia, S.D.; Huber, R.J.

1998-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

289

Fiber optic hydrogen sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and method for detecting a chemical substance by exposing an optic fiber having a core and a cladding to the chemical substance so that the chemical substance can be adsorbed onto the surface of the cladding. The optic fiber is coiled inside a container having a pair of valves for controlling the entrance and exit of the substance. Light from a light source is received by one end of the optic fiber, preferably external to the container, and carried by the core of the fiber. Adsorbed substance changes the transmissivity of the fiber as measured by a spectrophotometer at the other end, also preferably external to the container. Hydrogen is detected by the absorption of infrared light carried by an optic fiber with a silica cladding. Since the adsorption is reversible, a sensor according to the present invention can be used repeatedly. Multiple positions in a process system can be monitored using a single container that can be connected to each location to be monitored so that a sample can be obtained for measurement, or, alternatively, containers can be placed near each position and the optic fibers carrying the partially-absorbed light can be multiplexed for rapid sequential reading, by a single spectrophotometer.

Buchanan, B.R.; Prather, W.S.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Beam current sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A current sensor for measuring the DC component of a beam of charged particles employs a superconducting pick-up loop probe, with twisted superconducting leads in combination with a Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) detector. The pick-up probe is in the form of a single-turn loop, or a cylindrical toroid, through which the beam is directed and within which a first magnetic flux is excluded by the Meisner effect. The SQUID detector acts as a flux-to-voltage converter in providing a current to the pick-up loop so as to establish a second magnetic flux within the electrode which nulls out the first magnetic flux. A feedback voltage within the SQUID detector represents the beam current of the particles which transit the pick-up loop. Meisner effect currents prevent changes in the magnetic field within the toroidal pick-up loop and produce a current signal independent of the beam's cross-section and its position within the toroid, while the combination of superconducting elements provides current measurement sensitivites in the nano-ampere range.

Kuchnir, Moyses (Elmhurst, IL); Mills, Frederick E. (Elburn, IL)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Transformer current sensor for superconducting magnetic coils  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A transformer current sensor having primary turns carrying a primary current for a superconducting coil and secondary turns only partially arranged within the primary turns. The secondary turns include an active winding disposed within the primary turns and a dummy winding which is not disposed in the primary turns and so does not experience a magnetic field due to a flow of current in the primary turns. The active and dummy windings are wound in opposite directions or connected in series-bucking relationship, and are exposed to the same ambient magnetic field. Voltages which might otherwise develop in the active and dummy windings due to ambient magnetic fields thus cancel out. The resultant voltage is purely indicative of the rate of change of current flowing in the primary turns.

Shen, Stewart S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Wilson, C. Thomas (Norris, TN)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Monday, March 29, 2010 A Bendable Heart Sensor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monday, March 29, 2010 A Bendable Heart Sensor New flexible electronics can better chart the heart a more detailed picture of the electrical activity of a beating heart. This high-resolution electrical map could help improve the diagnosis and treatment of heart abnormalities by pinpointing areas

Rogers, John A.

293

Perception modeling for human-like artificial sensor systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article we present an approach to the design of human-like artificial systems. It uses a perception model to describe how sensory information is processed for a particular task and to correlate human and artificial perception. Since human-like ... Keywords: Active perception, Artificial hand, Artificial perceptual systems, Dexterous manipulation, Electronic tongue, Human-based sensors, Passive perception

Linn Robertsson; Boyko Iliev; Rainer Palm; Peter Wide

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Tracking-history-based Sleeping Policies for Wireless Sensor Networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A wireless sensor network can be used to track an object. Every sensor has limited energy and detecting range. In order to conserve energy, sensors… (more)

Gau, Ding-hau

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

MAC and Routing Protocols for Mobile Underwater Acoustic Sensor Swarms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pressure Routing for Underwater Sensor Networks . . . . . .of Aloha Protocols for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks.Critical Applications in Underwater Sensor Networks. In

Noh, Young Tae

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

future science group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

61 61 ISSN 1759-7269 10.4155/BFS.11.150 © 2012 Future Science Ltd In 1950 Reese et al. proposed a mechanism for cel- lulose hydrolysis, which involved two general com- ponents, C 1 and C x , acting in sequence [1]. According to the model, the C 1 component first disrupted and swelled the crystalline cellulose, possibly releasing soluble oligo saccharides into solution. The C x compo- nent, which was shown to have endoglucanase activity, was then able to effectively hydrolyze the previously inaccessible substrate along with the soluble oligo- saccharides. Furthermore, the activity of the mixture was found to be higher than the activity of each com- ponent acting alone, indicating that the components were acting synergistically. In the following years, a number of groups began to identify and characterize

297

Information-based self-organization of sensor nodes of a sensor network  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensor node detects a plurality of information-based events. The sensor node determines whether at least one other sensor node is an information neighbor of the sensor node based on at least a portion of the plurality of information-based events. The information neighbor has an overlapping field of view with the sensor node. The sensor node sends at least one communication to the at least one other sensor node that is an information neighbor of the sensor node in response to at least one information-based event of the plurality of information-based events.

Ko, Teresa H. (Castro Valley, CA); Berry, Nina M. (Tracy, CA)

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

298

Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Overview (FUPWG) (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Fact sheet overview of the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG), including group objectives, activities, and services.

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Distributed Optical Sensor for CO2 Leak Detection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optical Sensor for CO Optical Sensor for CO 2 Leak Detection Opportunity Research is active on the technology "Distributed Optical Sensor for CO 2 Leak Detection," for which a Patent Application has been filed. This technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). Overview The availability of fossil fuels to provide clean, affordable energy is essential for domestic and global prosperity and security well into the 21st century. However, there are concerns over the impacts of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere-particularly carbon dioxide (CO 2 ). Carbon capture and storage in geologic formations is a promising technology to reduce the impact of CO

300

Application Of High-Resolution Thermal Infrared Sensors For Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High-Resolution Thermal Infrared Sensors For Geothermal High-Resolution Thermal Infrared Sensors For Geothermal Exploration At The Salton Sea, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Application Of High-Resolution Thermal Infrared Sensors For Geothermal Exploration At The Salton Sea, California Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The Salton Sea geothermal field straddles the southeast margin of the Salton Sea in California, USA. This field includes approximately 20km2 of mud volcanoes and mud pots and centered on the Mullet Island thermal anomaly. The area has been previously exploited for geothermal power; there are currently seven power plants in the area that produce 1000 MW. The field itself is relatively un-vegetated, which provides for unfettered

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Molecular oxygen sensors based on photoluminescent silica aerogels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular oxygen sensors based on photoluminescent silica aerogels Molecular oxygen sensors based on photoluminescent silica aerogels Title Molecular oxygen sensors based on photoluminescent silica aerogels Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 1998 Authors Ayers, Michael R., and Arlon J. Hunt Journal Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids Volume 225 Pagination 343-347 Keywords aerogel, air pressure, oxygen concentration, oxygen molecules, photoluminescence Abstract Photoluminescent silica aerogel acts as the active element of an optical sensor for molecular oxygen. The luminescent aerogel is prepared by the action of energized reducing gases on a standard silica aerogel. Intensity of aerogel photoluminescence decreases as the collision frequency between oxygen molecules and the luminescent carriers in the aerogel matrix increases. This behavior is a characteristic of many photoluminescent materials and arises from a transfer of energy from the aerogel to surrounding oxygen molecules. A sensor for oxygen concentration or air pressure can therefore be simply constructed utilizing an ultraviolet source for excitation and a suitable detector for the emitted visible signal. Stern-Volmer quenching constants for the aerogel sensing element are 1.55×10-2 Torr-1 for hydrophilic aerogel and 2.4×10-3 Torr-1 for hydrophobic aerogel.

302

NIST Optical Radiation Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optical Radiation Group. Welcome. The Optical Radiation Group maintains, improves, and disseminates the national scales ...

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

303

Security Technologies Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Security Technologies Group. Welcome. Our group develops measurement science in support of performance-based standards ...

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

304

Range gated strip proximity sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A range gated strip proximity sensor uses one set of sensor electronics and a distributed antenna or strip which extends along the perimeter to be sensed. A micro-power RF transmitter is coupled to the first end of the strip and transmits a sequence of RF pulses on the strip to produce a sensor field along the strip. A receiver is coupled to the second end of the strip, and generates a field reference signal in response to the sequence of pulse on the line combined with received electromagnetic energy from reflections in the field. The sensor signals comprise pulses of radio frequency signals having a duration of less than 10 nanoseconds, and a pulse repetition rate on the order of 1 to 10 MegaHertz or less. The duration of the radio frequency pulses is adjusted to control the range of the sensor. An RF detector feeds a filter capacitor in response to received pulses on the strip line to produce a field reference signal representing the average amplitude of the received pulses. When a received pulse is mixed with a received echo, the mixing causes a fluctuation in the amplitude of the field reference signal, providing a range-limited Doppler type signature of a field disturbance. 6 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1996-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

305

Range gated strip proximity sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A range gated strip proximity sensor uses one set of sensor electronics and a distributed antenna or strip which extends along the perimeter to be sensed. A micro-power RF transmitter is coupled to the first end of the strip and transmits a sequence of RF pulses on the strip to produce a sensor field along the strip. A receiver is coupled to the second end of the strip, and generates a field reference signal in response to the sequence of pulse on the line combined with received electromagnetic energy from reflections in the field. The sensor signals comprise pulses of radio frequency signals having a duration of less than 10 nanoseconds, and a pulse repetition rate on the order of 1 to 10 MegaHertz or less. The duration of the radio frequency pulses is adjusted to control the range of the sensor. An RF detector feeds a filter capacitor in response to received pulses on the strip line to produce a field reference signal representing the average amplitude of the received pulses. When a received pulse is mixed with a received echo, the mixing causes a fluctuation in the amplitude of the field reference signal, providing a range-limited Doppler type signature of a field disturbance.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Novel Gas Sensors for High-Temperature Fossil Fuel Applications  

SciTech Connect

SRI International (SRI) is developing ceramic-based microsensors to detect exhaust gases such as NO, NO{sub 2}, and CO in advanced combustion and gasification systems under this DOE NETL-sponsored research project. The sensors detect the electrochemical activity of the exhaust gas species on catalytic electrodes attached to a solid state electrolyte and are designed to operate at the high temperatures, elevated pressures, and corrosive environments typical of large power generation exhausts. The sensors can be easily integrated into online monitoring systems for active emission control. The ultimate objective is to develop sensors for multiple gas detection in a single package, along with data acquisition and control software and hardware, so that the information can be used for closed-loop control in novel advanced power generation systems. This report details the Phase I Proof-of-Concept, research activities performed from October 2003 to March 2005. SRI's research work includes synthesis of catalytic materials, sensor design and fabrication, software development, and demonstration of pulse voltammetric analysis of NO, NO{sub 2}, and CO gases on catalytic electrodes.

Palitha Jayaweera; Francis Tanzella

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Research documentation per participating group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research documentation per participating group #12;#12;Annual Report Engineering Mechanics 2008 2/Department Eindhoven University of Technology Department of Mechanical Engineering 2. Subprogrammes related to research the activities of the previous EM groups "TU/e ­ Dynamics and Control Technology" and "TU/e ­ Systems Engineering

Franssen, Michael

308

December 4, 2008; HSS/Union Working Group Meeting on 2008 HSS/Union Topical Wrap Up - EEOICPA related activities and initiatives  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Worker Health and Safety (HS-10) Worker Health and Safety (HS-10) Current and Planned Former Worker Program and EEOICPA-related Activities/Initiatives: * Action - Standardize Former Worker Program (FWP) outreach training and vehicles for communication Response - Plan to hold a series of program conference calls to discuss strategies for outreach: share lessons learned, identify joint outreach efforts in order to reach a larger audience, discuss how to better align communication strategies based on demographics of each population of workers, etc. Will continue to meet with and educate DOE sites and worker populations as to the differences between FWP and EEOICPA, as well as how the programs can interface for the benefit of the workers. * Action - Expand outreach to former workers through a coordinating committee. Address

309

Development of NOx Sensors for Heavy Vehicle Applications  

SciTech Connect

The primary gaseous pollutants (excluding CO{sub 2}) produced by combustion of low-sulfur diesel fuel oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}), carbon monoxide (CO), and hydrocarbons (C{sub y}H{sub z}). The last two of these can be readily ameliorated by an oxidation catalyst in the O{sub 2}-rich environment of diesel exhaust but NO{sub x} can not.[1] For this reason NO{sub x} remediation strategies such as selective catalytic reduction (SCR) [2, 3] and the lean NO{sub x} trap (LNT) [4, 5] are being actively pursued. The ideal implementation of these strategies would employ NO{sub x} sensors to control reagent injection in the case of SCR and trap regeneration in the case of LNT. Two different NO{sub x} sensors for this application are at or near commercialization: An amperometric NO{sub x} sensor developed by NGK [6] and a 'mixed potential' NO{sub x} sensor developed by Riken [7]. The NGK sensor works by passing the sampled exhaust through a series of two chambers. In the first chamber O{sub 2} is pumped from the exhaust and in the second, NO{sub x} is decomposed electrochemically and the current from this decomposition is measured in order to determine [NO{sub x}]. Since the NO{sub x} concentrations can be small, on the 10's of ppm levels, the currents produced by decomposing the NO{sub x} can be small and difficult to measure accurately. The Riken sensor functions by passing the exhaust over a 'conversion electrode' that converts the NO{sub x} to NO{sub 2}. This NO{sub 2} is then sensed by a mixed potential sensing element.[8-10] Researchers at Ford evaluated the NGK sensor and observed the above shortcoming (poor for low [NO{sub x}]) as well as others [11] (e.g., asymmetric response to NO vs. NO{sub 2}) and were unable to obtain samples of the Riken sensor. Therefore a CRADA was initiated between Ford an ORNL to investigate the development of NO{sub x} sensors for diesel exhaust applications.

Armstrong, T.R.; West, D. L.; Montgomery, F.C.

2006-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

310

System architecture directions for networked sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technological progress in integrated, low-power, CMOS communication devices and sensors makes a rich design space of networked sensors viable. They can be deeply embedded in the physical world and spread throughout our environment like smart dust. The ...

Jason Hill; Robert Szewczyk; Alec Woo; Seth Hollar; David Culler; Kristofer Pister

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

NETL: Advanced Research - Sensors & Controls Innovations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sensors & Controls Sensors & Controls Advanced Research Sensors & Controls Innovations OSU's O2 Sensor Ohio State University's reference-free potentiometric oxygen sensor capable of withstanding temperatures of 800 °C. Novel Sensors and Advanced Process Control Novel Sensors and Advanced Process Control are key enabling technologies for advanced near zero emission power systems. NETL's Advanced Research Program is leading the effort to develop sensing and control technologies and methods to achieve seamless, integrated, automated, optimized, and intelligent power systems. Today, the performance of advanced power systems is limited by the lack of sensors and controls capable of withstanding high temperature and pressure conditions. Harsh environments are inherent to new systems that aim to

312

Design of wireless sensors for automobiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Automobile manufacturers require sense data to analyse and improve the driving experience. Currently, sensors are physically wired to both data collectors and the car battery, thus the number of wires scale linearly with sensors. We design alternative ...

Olga L. Diaz–Gutierrez; Richard Hall

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

On target tracking with binary proximity sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the use of binary proximity sensors for tracking targets. Such sensors provide only 1-bit information regarding a target's presence or absence in their vicinity, albeit with less than 100% reliability. A novel tracking method employing such ...

Wooyoung Kim; Kirill Mechitov; Jeung-Yoon Choi; Soo Ham

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Underwater Sensor Networks: Applications, Advances, and Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater Sensor Networks: Applications, Advances, and Challenges By John Heidemann1 , Milica- mentation of underwater wireless sensor networks. We summarize key applications and the main phenomena hardware, testbeds, and simulation tools available to the research community. Keywords: underwater

Heidemann, John

315

Decentralized, adaptive resource allocation for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of resource allocation in sensor networks. We are concerned with how to allocate limited energy, radio bandwidth, and other resources to maximize the value of each node's contribution to the network. Sensor networks present ...

Geoffrey Mainland; David C. Parkes; Matt Welsh

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Intrusion Detection: Characterising intrusion detection sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An intrusion detection sensor is defined as a device that collects and analyses network traffic for the purpose of identifying suspicious events. Too often the value of a sensor is associated with its data collection and analysis features. Experience ...

Siraj A. Shaikh; Howard Chivers; Philip Nobles; John A. Clark; Hao Chen

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Calibrating Cylindrical Hot-Film Anemometer Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the results of 82 separate calibrations of cylindrical, platinum hot-film anemometer sensors in air. The calibrations for each sensor involved a determination of its temperature-resistance characteristics, a study of its heat transfer ...

Edgar L. Andreas; Brett Murphy

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Cantilever Sensors: Nanomechanical Tools for Diagnostics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cantilever sensors have attracted considerable attention over the last decade because of their potential as a highly sensitive sensor platform for high throughput and multiplexed detection of proteins and nucleic acids. A ...

Datar, Ram

319

Harsh Environment Silicon Carbide Sensor Technology Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and mechanical robustness of SiC sensors at temperatures as high as 600oC and in dry steam. State California Objectives In the proposed work, two types of physical sensors...

320

Mobile sensor network to monitor wastewater collection pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced pipeline monitoringDesign of mobile pipeline floating sensor “SewerSnortIllustration of mobile pipeline floating sensor monitoring

Lim, Jungsoo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Clustering of wireless sensor and actor networks based on sensor distribution and connectivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless Sensor and Actor Networks (WSANs) employ significantly more capable actor nodes that can collect data from sensors and perform application specific actions. To take these actions collaboratively at any spot in the monitored regions, maximal ... Keywords: Actor placement, Clustering, Connectivity, Energy-efficiency, Messaging overhead, Sensor distribution, Wireless sensor and actor networks

Kemal Akkaya; Fatih Senel; Brian McLaughlan

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Sensors and Instrumentation and Nondestructive Evaluation - Nuclear...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Capabilities Sensors and Instrumentation and Nondestructive Evaluation Overview Energy System Applications Safety-Related Applications Homeland Security Applications...

323

NIST Sensor Science Division Office Staff Directory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Associates. Name, Position, Office Phone. Parr, Albert, Physicist, 301-975- 2316. ... Contact. Sensor Science Division Gerald Fraser, Division Chief. ...

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

324

Piezoelectric Fiber Fabrication for Magnetoelectric Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optical Properties of Bifeo3: Polar Oxides for Fundamental Science and Solar Energy Applications · Piezoelectric Fiber Fabrication for Magnetoelectric Sensors

325

Combustible gas sensor interference test report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Result of Laboratory Interference testing of the Sierra Monitor Corporation Gas Sensor, number model 4101-2, are documented.

Webb, B.J., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

326

Risk-Based Sensor Placement Methodology  

Current methods for sensor placement are based on qualitative approaches ranging from “best guess” to expensive, customized studies.

327

A survey on wireless sensor network infrastructure for agriculture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hybrid wireless sensor network is a promising application of wireless sensor networking techniques. The main difference between a hybrid WSN and a terrestrial wireless sensor network is the wireless underground sensor network, which communicates ... Keywords: Agriculture, Hybrid wireless sensor network, Information collection, Monitoring, Wireless underground sensor network

Xiaoqing Yu; Pute Wu; Wenting Han; Zenglin Zhang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

A Delaunay Triangulation based method for wireless sensor network deployment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To obtain a satisfied performance of wireless sensor network, an adaptable sensor deployment method for various applications is essential. In this paper, we propose a centralized and deterministic sensor deployment method, DT-Score (Delaunay Triangulation-Score), ... Keywords: Delaunay Triangulation, Obstacles, Sensor coverage, Sensor deployment, Wireless sensor network

Chun-Hsien Wu; Kuo-Chuan Lee; Yeh-Ching Chung

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Focus Groups | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Outreach & Collaboration » Focus Groups Outreach & Collaboration » Focus Groups Focus Groups A forum for interface between union worker representatives and senior DOE managers and stakeholders to address key issues and concerns from worker perspectives, share information regarding HSS activities and programs, and identify potential opportunities to work together to improve worker health and safety at DOE sites. Learn more about the HSS Focus Groups... Labor Management Meetings and Activities HSS provides forums for communication between labor and management related to worker health, safety and security improvements across the DOE complex. 10 CFR 851 Worker Safety and Health Program The 10 C.F.R. 851 Work Group promotes excellence in the implementation of 10 C.F.R. 851, "Worker Safety and Health" and continuous improvement in the

330

Reliable and efficient reprogramming in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retasking and remote programming of sensor networks is an essential functionality to make these networks practical and effective. As the availability of more capable sensor nodes increases and new functional implementations continue to be proposed, these ... Keywords: Broadcast, energy efficiency, minimum energy broadcast, reliable distribution, reprogramming, retasking, sensor networks

Chris Miller; Christian Poellabauer

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Automatic decentralized clustering for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a decentralized algorithm for organizing an ad hoc sensor network into clusters. Each sensor uses a random waiting timer and local criteria to determine whether to form a new cluster or to join a current cluster. The algorithm operates without ... Keywords: clustering algorithm, random waiting timer, wireless sensor networks

Chih-Yu Wen; William A. Sethares

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Zonal Rumor Routing for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Routing algorithms for wireless sensor networks are constrained by power, memory and computational resources. Rumor Routing algorithm for sensor networks spreads theinformation of an event to other nodes in the network, thus enabling queries to discover ... Keywords: Sensor Network, Routing, Wireless, Rumor Routing

Tarun Banka; Gagan Tandon; Anura P. Jayasumana

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Securing network access in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In wireless sensor networks, it is critical to restrict the network access only to eligible sensor nodes, while messages from outsiders will not be forwarded in the networks. In this paper, we present the design, implementation, and evaluation of a secure ... Keywords: elliptic curve cryptography, security, sensor networks

Kun Sun; An Liu; Roger Xu; Peng Ning; Douglas Maughan

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Distributed user access control in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

User access control in sensor networks defines a process of granting user the access right to the information and resources. It is essential for the future real sensor network deployment in which sensors may provide users with different services in terms ...

Haodong Wang; Qun Li

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Optimizing sensor movement planning for energy efficiency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conserving the energy for motion is an important yet not-well-addressed problem in mobile sensor networks. In this article, we study the problem of optimizing sensor movement for energy efficiency. We adopt a complete energy model to characterize the ... Keywords: Mobile sensor, energy efficiency

Guiling Wang; Mary Jane Irwin; Haoying Fu; Piotr Berman; Wensheng Zhang; Tom La Porta

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Improving microenvironmental exposure assessment with sensor-based  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improving microenvironmental exposure assessment with sensor-based Improving microenvironmental exposure assessment with sensor-based time-activity data Speaker(s): Amanda Northcross Date: December 18, 2009 - 2:00pm Location: 90-3122 Exposure assessments to air pollution typically focus on either personal or microenvironmental measurements. Personal measurements can provide more accurate individual exposures, but tend to be intrusive and expensive. Microenvironmental measurements are commonly cheaper and have more flexibility in size, number, and weight requirements of the instrumentation, but must be adjusted by time-activity information for the population of interest. Time-activity data has traditionally been difficult to obtain and imprecise using the available social-science methods or expensive with GPS and more sophisticated equipment. Deployment of new

337

Localized Pipeline Encroachment Detector System Using Sensor Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detection of encroachment on pipeline right-of-way is important for pipeline safety. An effective system can provide on-time warning while reducing the probability of false alarms. There are a number of industry and academic developments to tackle this problem. This thesis is the first to study the use of a wireless sensor network for pipeline right-of-way encroachment detection. In the proposed method, each sensor node in the network is responsible for detecting and transmitting vibration signals caused by encroachment activities to a base station (computer center). The base station monitors and analyzes the signals. If an encroachment activity is detected, the base station will send a warning signal. We describe such a platform with hardware configuration and software controls, and the results demonstrate that the platform is able to report our preliminary experiments in detecting digging activities by a tiller in the natural and automotive noise.

Ou, Xiaoxi 1986-

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Intelligent Light Control using Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing user comfort and reducing operation costs have always been two primary objectives of building operations and control strategies. Current building control strategies are unable to incorporate occupant level comfort and meet the operation goals simultaneously. In this paper, we present a novel utility-based building control strategy that optimizes the tradeo# between meeting user comfort and reduction in operation cost by reducing energy usage. We present an implementation of the proposed approach as an intelligent lighting control strategy that significantly reduces energy cost. Our approach is based on a principled, decision theoretic formulation of the control task. We demonstrate the use of mobile wireless sensor networks to optimize the tradeo # between fulfilling di#erent occupants' light preferences and minimizing energy consumption. We further extend our approach to optimally exploit external light sources for additional energy savings, a process called daylight harvesting. Also we demonstrate that an active sensing approach can maximize the mobile sensor network's lifetime by sensing only during most informative situations. We provide e#cient algorithms for solving the underlying complex optimization problems, and extensively evaluate our proposed approach in a proof-of-concept testbed using MICA2 motes and dimmable lamps. Our results indicate a significant improvement in user utility and reduced energy expenditure.

Vipul Singhvi Civil; Vipul Singhvi; Civil Engineering Dept; James H. Garrett

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Sensor Control Unit Light Submitted by:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the growing need to conserve energy, more people are becoming conscious of energy consumption and are looking for ways to reduce costly waste associated with electricity. Though most consumers do not think about lighting until the light bulb fails or the power goes out, expenses incurred due to lighting have been found to be a large part of overall energy consumption and lighting has now become the focus of efforts aimed at reducing the high cost of electricity. The purpose of our project is to design an Automatic Light Control Device (ALCD) to help curb the high cost of internal lighting while creating a convenient effortlessly lighted environment for the consumer. Today, energy saving devices, such as occupancy or motion sensors, is used by a multiple of people for the conservation of power. Motion detectors cause lights to turn on after entering the room and off after no movement is detected for a certain amount of time. This unit is efficient; however, energy is loss due to the presence and absence of movement in a particular room by the sensor continuously activating on or off. Unneeded cycling uses more power and defeats the intended purpose of saving energy. The ALCD will save energy by eliminating false conditions, thereby minimizing light

Professor Joseph Picone; Ece Senior Design I; John Thompson; Marshalia Green; Brad Lowe; Lutrisha Johnson; Automatic Light Control Device

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Catalyst activator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A catalyst activator particularly adapted for use in the activation of metal complexes of metals of Group 3-10 for polymerization of ethylenically unsaturated polymerizable monomers, especially olefins, comprising two Group 13 metal or metalloid atoms and a ligand structure including at least one bridging group connecting ligands on the two Group 13 metal or metalloid atoms.

McAdon, Mark H. (Midland, MI); Nickias, Peter N. (Midland, MI); Marks, Tobin J. (Evanston, IL); Schwartz, David J. (Lake Jackson, TX)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Searching for Data Sets on existing turbines with various sensors | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Searching for Data Sets on existing turbines with various sensors Searching for Data Sets on existing turbines with various sensors Home > Groups > Future of Condition Monitoring for Wind Turbines In order to test our hypothesis and aid in our building of next-gen condition/health monitoring software for wind turbines we are searching for data sets (Scada or othewise) from exisiting installations. Anyone can help? Submitted by JaredHall on 30 July, 2013 - 01:34 1 answer Points: 0 Try supergen-wind (http://www.supergen-wind.org.uk/) Oeir on 25 November, 2013 - 14:25 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Try supergen-wind (http://www.... Searching for Data Sets on existing turbines with various sensors Group members (1) Managers: JaredHall 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

342

Integrated Analysis of Environment-driven Operational Effects in Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a rapidly growing need to evaluate sensor network functionality and performance in the context of the larger environment of infrastructure and applications in which the sensor network is organically embedded. This need, which is motivated by complex applications related to national security operations, leads to a paradigm fundamentally different from that of traditional data networks. In the sensor networks of interest to us, the network dynamics depend strongly on sensor activity, which in turn is triggered by events in the environment. Because the behavior of sensor networks is sensitive to these driving phenomena, the integrity of the sensed observations, measurements and resource usage by the network can widely vary. It is therefore imperative to accurately capture the environmental phenomena, and drive the simulation of the sensor network operation by accounting fully for the environment effects. In this paper, we illustrate the strong, intimate coupling between the sensor network operation and the driving phenomena in their applications with an example sensor network designed to detect and track gaseous plumes.

Park, Alfred J [ORNL; Perumalla, Kalyan S [ORNL

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

A Task Based Sensor-Centeric Model for overall Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sensors have limited resources so it is important to manage the resources efficiently to maximize their use. A sensor's battery is a crucial resource as it singly determines the lifetime of sensor network applications. Since these devices are useful only when they are able to communicate with the world, radio transceiver of a sensor as an I/O and a costly unit plays a key role in its lifetime. This resource often consumes a big portion of the sensor's energy as it must be active most of the time to announce the existence of the sensor in the network. As such the radio component has to deal with its embedded sensor network whose parameters and operations have significant effects on the sensor's lifetime. In existing energy models, hardware is considered, but the environment and the network's parameters did not receive adequate attention. Energy consumption components of traditional network architecture are often considered individually and separately, and their influences on each other have not been considered...

Kamyabpour, Najmeh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Condition monitoring through advanced sensor and computational technology : final report (January 2002 to May 2005).  

SciTech Connect

The overall goal of this joint research project was to develop and demonstrate advanced sensors and computational technology for continuous monitoring of the condition of components, structures, and systems in advanced and next-generation nuclear power plants (NPPs). This project included investigating and adapting several advanced sensor technologies from Korean and US national laboratory research communities, some of which were developed and applied in non-nuclear industries. The project team investigated and developed sophisticated signal processing, noise reduction, and pattern recognition techniques and algorithms. The researchers installed sensors and conducted condition monitoring tests on two test loops, a check valve (an active component) and a piping elbow (a passive component), to demonstrate the feasibility of using advanced sensors and computational technology to achieve the project goal. Acoustic emission (AE) devices, optical fiber sensors, accelerometers, and ultrasonic transducers (UTs) were used to detect mechanical vibratory response of check valve and piping elbow in normal and degraded configurations. Chemical sensors were also installed to monitor the water chemistry in the piping elbow test loop. Analysis results of processed sensor data indicate that it is feasible to differentiate between the normal and degraded (with selected degradation mechanisms) configurations of these two components from the acquired sensor signals, but it is questionable that these methods can reliably identify the level and type of degradation. Additional research and development efforts are needed to refine the differentiation techniques and to reduce the level of uncertainties.

Kim, Jung-Taek (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejon, Korea); Luk, Vincent K.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Fiber-optic pressure sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pressure wave sensor utilizing fiber optic interferometry techniques to determine pressure in a bar. Light from a fiber optic coil around the bar is mixed with light from a reference optical fiber to produce interference fringes as a function of time. These fringes over time are related to the pressure versus time existing in the bar. 2 figs.

Dingus, R.S.

1989-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

346

Spatiotemporal multicast in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks often involve the monitoring of mobile phenomena. We believe this task can be facilitated by a spatiotemporal multicast protocol which we call "mobicast". Mobicast is a novel spatiotemporal multicast protocol that distributes a message ... Keywords: mobicast, network geometry, protocols, spatiotemporal multicast, wireless ad hoc networks

Qingfeng Huang; Chenyang Lu; Gruia-Catalin Roman

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Note: Helical nanobelt force sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the fabrication and characterization of helical nanobelt force sensors. These self-sensing force sensors are based on the giant piezoresistivity of helical nanobelts. The three-dimensional helical nanobelts are self-formed from 27 nm-thick n-type InGaAs/GaAs bilayers using rolled-up techniques, and assembled onto electrodes on a micropipette using nanorobotic manipulations. The helical nanobelt force sensors can be calibrated using a calibrated atomic force microscope cantilever system under scanning electron microscope. Thanks to their giant piezoresistance coefficient (515 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -10} Pa{sup -1}), low stiffness (0.03125 N/m), large-displacement capability ({approx}10 {mu}m), and good fatigue resistance, they are well suited to function as stand-alone, compact ({approx}20 {mu}m without the plug-in support), light ({approx}5 g including the plug-in support), versatile and large range ({approx}{mu}N) and high resolution ({approx}nN) force sensors.

Hwang, G. [Laboratory for Photonics and Nanostructures, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Marcoussis 91460 (France); Hashimoto, H. [Department of EECE, Chuo University 1-13-27 Kasuga, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo (Japan)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

348

Battery system with temperature sensors  

SciTech Connect

A battery system to monitor temperature includes at least one cell with a temperature sensing device proximate the at least one cell. The battery system also includes a flexible member that holds the temperature sensor proximate to the at least one cell.

Wood, Steven J.; Trester, Dale B.

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

349

Integrated Micro-Machined Hydrogen Gas Sensor. Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report details our recent progress in developing novel MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems) based hydrogen gas sensors. These sensors couple novel thin films as the active layer on a device structure known as a Micro-HotPlate. This coupling has resulted in a gas sensor that has several unique advantages in terms of speed, sensitivity, stability and amenability to large scale manufacture. This Phase-I research effort was focused on achieving the following three objectives: (1) Investigation of sensor fabrication parameters and their effects on sensor performance. (2) Hydrogen response testing of these sensors in wet/dry and oxygen-containing/oxygen-deficient atmospheres. (3) Investigation of the long-term stability of these thin film materials and identification of limiting factors. We have made substantial progress toward achieving each of these objectives, and highlights of our phase I results include the demonstration of signal responses with and without oxygen present, as well as in air with a high level of humidity. We have measured response times of <0.5 s to 1% H{sub 2} in air, and shown the ability to detect concentrations of <200 ppm. These results are extremely encouraging and suggest that this technology has substantial potential for meeting the needs of a hydrogen based economy. These achievements demonstrate the feasibility of using micro-hotplates structures in conjunction with palladium+coated metal-hydride films for sensing hydrogen in many of the environments required by a hydrogen based energy economy. Based on these findings, they propose to continue and expand the development of this technology in Phase II.

Frank DiMeo, Jr.

2000-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

350

New Electronic Sensors Stick to Your Skin -Heart Rate Monitors -Popular Mechanics http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/health/breakthroughs/new-electronic-sensors-stick-to-your-skin?click=pm_latest[8/14/2011 5:59:45 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Electronic Sensors Stick to Your Skin - Heart Rate Monitors - Popular Mechanics http://www Electronic Sensors That Stick to Your Skin Like Temporary Tattoos Nice tattoo. Or is it a heart-rate monitor to measure the electrical activity of the heart, muscles and brain. And using the same principles behind

Rogers, John A.

351

Engineered Fire Safety Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Engineered Fire Safety Group. Welcome. ... Employment/Research Opportunities. Contact. Jason Averill, Leader. Engineered Fire Safety Group. ...

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

352

Energy Research Group Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy Research Group. Welcome. The newest Group in the CNST develops instruments designed to reveal the nanoscale ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

353

Sensors for Screening and Surveillance  

SciTech Connect

Much attention, in fact an entire session at this conference, is being devoted to protecting the United States against human threats--individuals who may pose a danger by their mere presence on US soil. However, tomorrow's terrorists will employ weapons in their attacks, and we must also be diligent in preventing these weapons from reaching their targets. Sensors can play an important role in detecting these weapons before they achieve their desired effects. A sensor system can best be understood as a way of automating search techniques that would normally be carried out by a human's touch and vision senses, or by a dog's sniffing capabilities. The list of potential threats is long, including nuclear, biological, chemical and radiological weapons, and each presents its own challenges. However, any effective system must meet the following requirements: (1) Sensor systems must be operationally practical. Delays must be kept to a minimum. The systems must be safe to operate. Individual privacy and corporate proprietary information must be protected. The systems must be part of a viable concept of operations; i.e., they must provide information that can enable effective, preemptive actions to be taken. (2) Sensors systems must be highly sensitive, providing a low probability of missed detections (false negatives). Our adversaries will conceal their device from detection, and they will likely probe our defenses for any weaknesses. Our systems must be robust against these techniques. (3) Sensor systems must give a low probability of false alarms (false positives). Our response to the detection of such a weapon will marshal substantial resources and, in many scenarios, be highly disruptive to the general population. Thus a system that gives frequent false alarms will soon be ignored.

Dye, D.H.

2002-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

354

Sensors & Measurement | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sensors and Measurements Sensors and Measurements SHARE Sensors and Measurement Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL) capability in the research and development of sensor materials, sensors technologies, new instrumentation, and measurement systems is critical to its ability to translate breakthrough science into robust technologies, systems, and methods that address high-risk, high-complexity, multidisciplinary issues of national importance. This capability is manifested in a culture that effectively creates and manages complex systems by (1) developing detailed analytical processes to establish requirements, (2) analyzing candidate system architectures, (3) engineering in critical performance attributes, and (4) delivering measurement systems that operate as expected from the outset and

355

Wide Area and Distributed Hydrogen Sensors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recent advances in optical sensors show promise for the development of new wide area monitoring and distributed optical network hydrogen detection systems. Optical hydrogen sensing technologies reviewed here are: 1) open path Raman scattering systems, 2) back scattering from chemically treated solid polymer matrix optical fiber sensor cladding; and 3) shlieren and shearing interferometry imaging. Ultrasonic sensors for hydrogen release detection are also reviewed. The development status of these technologies and their demonstrated results in sensor path length, low hydrogen concentration detection ability, and response times are described and compared to the corresponding status of hydrogen spot sensor network technologies.

Zalosh, Robert G.; Barilo, Nick F.

2009-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

356

Energy Systems Sensor Laboratory (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes the purpose, lab specifications, applications scenarios, and information on how to partner with NREL's Energy Systems Sensor Laboratory at the Energy Systems Integration Facility. The mission of the Energy Systems Sensor Laboratory at NREL's Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) is to research, develop, test, and evaluate the performance of commercial and developing hydrogen sensor technologies to support the needs of the emerging hydrogen infrastructure. Sensor performance metrics analogous to national and international standards are quantified. Information gained from the sensor testing is provided to the sensor manufacturers to aid in sensor development, to end users to guide sensor selection and deployment, and to committees to support the development of codes and standards. The laboratory also provides support to end-users, including assessment of technologies for applications, information on deployment. Some application scenarios are: (1) Testing and analyzing sensors are over a range of controlled and monitored environmental conditions; (2) Testing the impact of interferants and poisons; (3) Evaluating the life span of sensors with separate dedicated life test fixtures; and (4) Testing of hydrogen sensors for process applications, including responses under high hydrogen concentrations.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Sensors & Controls | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sensors & Controls Sensors & Controls Sensors & Controls The Emerging Technologies team conducts research into technologies related to building sensors and controls. They work with building systems-such as a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems-to analyze energy use and help occupants manage energy costs. Building controls have the potential to reduce building energy consumption by monitoring variables and other inputs, and then automatically responding in a predetermined fashion. Research between the Department of Energy, industry, and laboratories focuses on: Sensors Photo of a ceiling-mounted fire sprinkler. Sensors are designed to help building owners and operators better manage their energy use through automation. Sensors measure predefined variables, such as the amount of

358

Buried fiber optic intrusion sensor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A distributed fiber optic intrusion sensor capable of detecting intruders from the pressure of their weight on the earth's surface was investigated in the laboratory and in field tests. The presence of an intruder above or in proximity to the buried sensor induces a phase shift in light propagating along the fiber which allows for the detection and localization of intrusions. Through the use of an ultra-stable erbium-doped fiber laser and phase sensitive optical time domain reflectometry, disturbances were monitored in long (several km) lengths of optical fiber. Narrow linewidth and low frequency drift in the laser were achieved through a combination of optical feedback and insulation of the laser cavity against environmental effects. The frequency drift of the laser, characterized using an all-fiber Mach Zehnder interferometer, was found to be less than 1 MHz/min, as required for operation of the intrusion detection system. Intrusions were simulated in a laboratory setting using a piezoelectric transducer to produce a controllable optical phase shift at the 2 km point of a 12 km path length. Interrogation of the distributed sensor was accomplished by repetitively gating light pulses from the stable laser into the sensing fiber. By monitoring the Rayleigh backscattered light with a photodetector and comparing traces with and without an induced phase shift, the phase disturbances were detected and located. Once the feasibility of such a sensor was proven in the laboratory, the experimental set up was transferred to Texas A&M's Riverside Campus. At the test site, approximately 40 meters of fiber optic cable were buried in a triangle perimeter and then spliced into the 12 km path length which was housed inside the test facility. Field tests were conducted producing results comparable to those found in the laboratory. Intrusions over this buried fiber were detectable on the ?-OTDR trace and could be localized to the intrusion point. This type of sensor has the potential benefits of heightened sensitivity, covertness, and greatly reduced cost over the conventional seismic, acoustic, infrared, magnetic, and fiber optic sensors for monitoring long (multi-km) perimeters.

Maier, Eric William

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

A Laser Interferometric Miniature Sensor  

SciTech Connect

This is the second year of a Phase II Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract geared towards the development of a new seismic sensor. Ground-based seismic monitoring systems have proven to be very capable in identifying nuclear tests, and can provide somewhat precise information on the location and yield of the explosive device. Making these measurements, however, currently requires very expensive and bulky seismometers that are difficult to deploy in places where they are most needed. A high performance, compact device can enable rapid deployment of large scale arrays, which can in turn be used to provide higher quality data during times of critical need. The use of a laser interferometer-based device has shown considerable promise, while also presenting significant challenges. The greatest strength of this optical readout technique is the ability to decouple the mechanical design from the transducer, thus enabling a miniaturized design that is not accessible with conventional sensing techniques. However, the nonlinearity in the optical response must be accounted for in the sensor output. Previously, we had proposed using a force-feedback approach to position the sensor at a point of maximum linearity. However, it can be shown that the combined nonlinearities of the optical response and the force-feedback curve necessarily results in a significant amount of unwanted noise at low frequencies. Having realized this, we have developed a new approach that eliminates force feedback, allowing the proof mass to move freely at all times. This takes advantage of some advanced optical spatial filtering that was developed at Symphony Acoustics for other types of sensors, and was recently adapted to this work. After processing the signals in real time, the digital output of the device is intrinsically linear, and the sensor can operate at any orientation with the same level of resolution, while instantly adapting to significant changes in orientation. Ultimately, we expect the dynamic range to be up to 180 dB. Currently, we have observed the noise floor in a 0.1 Hz to 10 Hz bandwidth to be near -160 dB/Hz relative to 1 m2/s4. To meet the objectives of this program, we are finalizing the design of a 3 axis sensor for shallow borehole deployments, with a diameter of 40 mm and a length a 150 mm.

Carr, Dustin W., PhD.; Baldwin, Patrick C.; Milburn, Howard; Robinson, David

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

360

Group Members-Surface Electrochemistry and Electrocatalysis (SEE) Group |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Group Members Group Members Principal Investigators Radoslav Adzic (Group Leader) Surface electrochemistry, Electrocatalysis, Direct energy conversion, Fuel cells Jia Wang Surface electrochemistry, Electrocatalysis, Nano-synthesis, Structural characterization using XRD, TEM, and SEM, Fuel cells and water electrolysis Miomir Vukmirovic To advance fuel cell electrocatalysts for higher activity and improved durability, and for lower cost through reduced Pt loading. Investigation of single crystal model systems for fundamental understanding and structured nanoparticle electrocatalysts for applications. Development of Pt monolayer core-shell electrocatalysts for the cathode (oxygen reduction reaction). Kotaro Sasaki Electrocatalysis, fuel cells and water splitting, Direct energy conversion, Nanotechnology, Nanomaterial characterization by in situ XAS and XRD, Surface modifications by electrochemical methods

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

activities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detecting Things We Cannot See: Learning the Concepts of Control and Detecting Things We Cannot See: Learning the Concepts of Control and Variable in an Experiment Submitted by Anita Brook-Dupree, 1996 TRAC teacher at Fermilab, Teacher, Alternative Middle Years School, Philadelphia, PA. Particle physicists at Fermilab in Batavia, Illinois are faced with the problem of detecting the presence of sub-atomic particles they cannot see. During my summer as a TRAC teacher at Fermilab, I tried to think of ways to teach middle school students about things we cannot see. I want to thank my nine-year-old daughter Gia for the idea for the following activity. I was lamenting that I could not come up with ideas of how to relate the work of Fermilab scientists to anything that my students would understand. Then I was reminded by my daughter, that when I brought her to school on the

362

Development of Sensors and Sensing Technology for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

One related area of hydrogen fuel cell vehicle (FCV) development that cannot be overlooked is the anticipated requirement for new sensors for both the monitoring and control of the fuel cell's systems and for those devices that will be required for safety. Present day automobiles have dozens of sensors on-board including those for IC engine management/control, sensors for state-of-health monitoring/control of emissions systems, sensors for control of active safety systems, sensors for triggering passive safety systems, and sensors for more mundane tasks such as fluids level monitoring to name the more obvious. The number of sensors continues to grow every few years as a result of safety mandates but also in response to consumer demands for new conveniences and safety features. Some of these devices (e.g. yaw sensors for dynamic stability control systems or tire presure warning RF-based devices) may be used on fuel cell vehicles without any modification. However the use of hydrogen as a fuel will dictate the development of completely new technologies for such requirements as the detection of hydrogen leaks, sensors and systems to continuously monitor hydrogen fuel purity and protect the fuel cell stack from poisoning, and for the important, yet often taken for granted, tasks such as determining the state of charge of the hydrogen fuel storage and delivery system. Two such sensors that rely on different transduction mechanisms will be highlighted in this presentation. The first is an electrochemical device for monitoring hydrogen levels in air. The other technology covered in this work, is an acoustic-based approach to determine the state of charge of a hydride storage system.

Brosha, E L; Sekhar, P K; Mukundan, R; Williamson, T; Garzon, F H; Woo, L Y; Glass, R R

2010-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

363

TEC Working Group Topic Groups Security  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Security Topic group is comprised of regulators, law enforcement officials, labor and industry representatives and other subject matter experts concerned with secure transport of spent nuclear...

364

Mechanical Systems and Controls Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... improves and lowers the cost of building ... building information, including real-time sensor data, to ... Systems for Improved Energy Performance Project ...

2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

365

Sensor for measuring the atomic fraction in highly dissociated hydrogen  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Atomic hydrogen is a very important constituent for processes ranging from cleaning oxide from GaAs and annealing amorphous silicon to the deposition of diamond. Because the usual techniques for measuring atomic fraction are either expensive and cumbersome to use, or unsuitable for application to highly dissociated hydrogen, a specially designed sensor was developed. Sensor design is based on a diffusion tube with noncatalytic walls, having one end open to the atom source and a catalytic closure at the other end. The sensor is simple and inexpensive to fabricate, and determining atom density is straightforward. Sensor design also inhibits thermal runaway, which occurs when atom density is high enough to impart enough recombination energy to the non-catalytic surface to substantially raise its temperature. While recombination coefficients for such surfaces are very low near room temperature, they increase nearly exponentially with temperature unless actively cooled. With the use of a straightforward calibration scheme to determine the variation in species fraction along the diffusion tube, the atomic fraction at the tube opening is determined. Design strategy, implementation considerations, and calibration method are presented. In addition, data obtained from an atomic hydrogen source are compared to relevant published data.

Gardner, W.L.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

366

Fiber-optic voltage sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optic voltage sensor is described which includes a source of light, a reference fiber for receiving a known percentage of the light and an electrostrictive element having terminals across which is applied, a voltage to be measured. The electrostrictive element is responsive to the applied voltage to assume an altered physical state. A measuring fiber also receives a known percentage of light from the light source and is secured about the electrostrictive element. The measuring fiber is provided with a cladding and exhibits an evanescent wave in the cladding. The measuring fiber has a known length which is altered when the electrostrictive element assumes its altered physical state. A differential sensor is provided which senses the intensity of light in both the reference fiber and the measuring fiber and provides an output indicative of the difference between the intensities.

Wood, C.B.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

367

Six degree of freedom sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This small, non-contact optical sensor increases the capability and flexibility of computer controlled machines by detecting its relative position to a workpiece in all six degrees of freedom (DOF). At a fraction of the cost, it is over 200 times faster and up to 25 times more accurate than competing 3-DOF sensors. Applications range from flexible manufacturing to a 6-DOF mouse for computers. Until now, highly agile and accurate machines have been limited by their inability to adjust to changes in their tasks. By enabling them to sense all six degrees of position, these machines can now adapt to new and complicated tasks without human intervention or delay--simplifying production, reducing costs, and enhancing the value and capability of flexible manufacturing.

Vann, Charles S. (Fremont, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Six degree of freedom sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This small, non-contact optical sensor increases the capability and flexibility of computer controlled machines by detecting its relative position to a workpiece in all six degrees of freedom (DOF). At a fraction of the cost, it is over 200 times faster and up to 25 times more accurate than competing 3-DOF sensors. Applications range from flexible manufacturing to a 6-DOF mouse for computers. Until now, highly agile and accurate machines have been limited by their inability to adjust to changes in their tasks. By enabling them to sense all six degrees of position, these machines can now adapt to new and complicated tasks without human intervention or delay--simplifying production, reducing costs, and enhancing the value and capability of flexible manufacturing. 3 figs.

Vann, C.S.

1999-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

369

Capacitively-coupled inductive sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a capacitively-coupled inductive shunt current sensor. To achieve the other object, and in accordance with the purpose of the present invention, as embodied and broadly described herein, the apparatus of this invention may comprise a capacitively coupled inductive shunt current sensor comprising: annular inductive channel means formed in a conductor carrying a high voltage pulsed current; an electrode capacitively coupled to said conductor on opposite sides of said annular inductive channel means; voltage dividing capacitor means connected in series with said electrode for reducing the magnitude of the detected output signal; output coupling means connected to said voltage dividing capacitor means for producing an output signal representative of said high voltage pulsed current.

Ekdahl, C.A.

1981-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

370

Fiber-optic voltage sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optic voltage sensor is described which includes a source of light, a reference fiber for receiving a known percentage of the light and an electrostrictive element having terminals across which is applied, a voltage to be measured. The electrostrictive element is responsive to the applied voltage to assume an altered physical state. A measuring fiber also receives a known percentage of light from the light source and is secured about the electrostrictive element. The measuring fiber is provided with a cladding and exhibits an evanescent wave in the cladding. The measuring fiber has a known length which is altered when the electrostrictive element assumes its altered physical state. A differential sensor is provided which senses the intensity of light in both the reference fiber and the measuring fiber and provides an output indicative of the difference between the intensities.

Wood, C.B.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Optical sensors and multisensor arrays containing thin film electroluminescent devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Optical sensor, probe and array devices for detecting chemical biological, and physical analytes. The devices include an analyte-sensitive layer optically coupled to a thin film electroluminescent layer which activates the analyte-sensitive layer to provide an optical response. The optical response varies depending upon the presence of an analyte and is detected by a photodetector and analyzed to determine the properties of the analyte.

Aylott, Jonathan W. (Ann Arbor, MI); Chen-Esterlit, Zoe (Ann Arbor, MI); Friedl, Jon H. (Ames, IA); Kopelman, Raoul (Ann Arbor, MI); Savvateev, Vadim N. (Ames, IA); Shinar, Joseph (Ames, IA)

2001-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

372

Advanced exterior sensor project : final report, September 2004.  

SciTech Connect

This report (1) summarizes the overall design of the Advanced Exterior Sensor (AES) system to include detailed descriptions of system components, (2) describes the work accomplished throughout FY04 to evaluate the current health of the original prototype and to return it to operation, (3) describes the status of the AES and the AES project as of September 2004, and (4) details activities planned to complete modernization of the system to include development and testing of the second-generation AES prototype.

Ashby, M. Rodema

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

FACT SHEET: BIOENERGY WORKING GROUP  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, 2010 , 2010 1 FACT SHEET: BIOENERGY WORKING GROUP At the Clean Energy Ministerial in Washington, D.C. on July 19 th and 20 th , ministers launched a Bioenergy Working Group, which will advance the deployment of bioenergy technologies by implementing recommendations of the Technology Action Plan on Bioenergy Technologies that was released by the Major Economies Forum Global Partnership in December 2009. The Working Group will work in close cooperation with the Global Bioenergy Partnership (GBEP), which is co-chaired by Brazil and Italy. Initial key activities of the Working Group include: 1. Global Bioenergy Atlas: The Working Group will combine and build upon existing databases of sustainably-developed bioenergy potential around the globe and make it available in an open web-

374

Wind Working Group Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

state Wind Working Groups to conduct these information-sharing activities. In 2013, DOE funded an independent analysis 1 of the WPA initiative. Interviewees identified two...

375

Status Report of LPCC Forward Physics Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report here about activities of newly formed working group aiming to define a forward and diffractive physics program at the LHC for the years to come.

O. Kepka

2013-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

376

Lighting Group: What's New  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What's New What's New in the Lighting Group For more information on what's new in the Lighting Group, please contact: Francis Rubinstein Lighting Group Leader (510) 486-4096...

377

CargoNet: a low-cost micropower sensor node exploiting quasi-passive wakeup for adaptive asychronous monitoring of exceptional events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes CargoNet, a system of low-cost, micropower active sensor tags that seeks to bridge the current gap between wireless sensor networks and radio-frequency identification (RFID). CargoNet was aimed at applications in environmental monitoring ... Keywords: active RFID, micropower sensing, power management

Mateusz Malinowski; Matthew Moskwa; Mark Feldmeier; Mathew Laibowitz; Joseph A. Paradiso

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Fast track article: Disaggregated water sensing from a single, pressure-based sensor: An extended analysis of HydroSense using staged experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an extended analysis of our previous work on the HydroSense technology, which is a low-cost and easily installed single-point sensor of pressure for automatically disaggregating water usage activities in the home (Froehlich et al., 2009 [53]). ... Keywords: Activity sensing, H1.2, H5.2, Infrastructure-mediated sensing, Sensors, Water usage

Eric Larson; Jon Froehlich; Tim Campbell; Conor Haggerty; Les Atlas; James Fogarty; Shwetak N. Patel

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Argonne CNM Highlight: New Gas Sensor Based on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Gas Sensor Based on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes A new gas sensor based on multiwalled carbon nanotubes Hybrid sensor fabrication process: (top) SEM image of a few MWCNTs spanning across two neighboring Au fingers of the interdigitated electrode; (bottom) HRTEM image of a MWCNT uniformly coated with SnO nanocrystals. Argonne Center for Nanoscale Materials staff in the Nanofabrication & Devices Group together with collaborative users from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee have fabricated a miniaturized gas sensor using hybrid nanostructures consisting of SnO2 nanocrystals supported on multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). In contrast to the high-temperature operation required for SnO2 nanocrystals alone, and to the insensitivity towards H2

380

Selective chemical detection by energy modulation of sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A portable instrument for use in the field in detecting, identifying, and quantifying a component of a sampled fluid includes a sensor which chemically reacts with the component of interest or a derivative thereof, an electrical heating filament for heating the sample before it is applied to the sensor, and modulator for continuously varying the temperature of the filament (and hence the reaction rate) between two values sufficient to produce the chemical reaction. In response to this thermal modulation, the sensor produces a modulated output signal, the modulation of which is a function of the activation energy of the chemical reaction, which activation energy is specific to the particular component of interest and its concentration. Microprocessor which compares the modulated output signal with standard responses for a plurality of components to identify and quantify the particular component of interest. In particular, the concentration of the component of interest is proportional to the amplitude of the modulated output signal, while the identifying activation output energy of the chemical interaction indicative of that component is proportional to a normalized parameter equal to the peak-to-peak amplitude divided by the height of the upper peaks above a base line signal level. 5 figures.

Stetter, J.R.; Otagawa, T.

1991-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Scientific Interest Groups  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

synchrotron research in a particular area. View monthly meetings on calendar Groups Catalysis Randall Winans, APS The Catalysis group meets at noon on the second Tuesday of each...

382

Groups defined by automata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is Chapter 24 in the "AutoMathA" handbook. Finite automata have been used effectively in recent years to define infinite groups. The two main lines of research have as their most representative objects the class of automatic groups (including word-hyperbolic groups as a particular case) and automata groups (singled out among the more general self-similar groups). The first approach implements in the language of automata some tight constraints on the geometry of the group's Cayley graph, building strange, beautiful bridges between far-off domains. Automata are used to define a normal form for group elements, and to monitor the fundamental group operations. The second approach features groups acting in a finitely constrained manner on a regular rooted tree. Automata define sequential permutations of the tree, and represent the group elements themselves. The choice of particular classes of automata has often provided groups with exotic behaviour which have revolutioned our perception of infinite finitely ge...

Bartholdi, Laurent

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Ammonia and ammonium hydroxide sensors for ammonia/water absorption machines: Literature review and data compilation  

SciTech Connect

This report describes an evaluation of various sensing techniques for determining the ammonia concentration in the working fluid of ammonia/water absorption cycle systems. The purpose of this work was to determine if any existing sensor technology or instrumentation could provide an accurate, reliable, and cost-effective continuous measure of ammonia concentration in water. The resulting information will be used for design optimization and cycle control in an ammonia-absorption heat pump. PNL researchers evaluated each sensing technology against a set of general requirements characterizing the potential operating conditions within the absorption cycle. The criteria included the physical constraints for in situ operation, sensor characteristics, and sensor application. PNL performed an extensive literature search, which uncovered several promising sensing technologies that might be applicable to this problem. Sixty-two references were investigated, and 33 commercial vendors were identified as having ammonia sensors. The technologies for ammonia sensing are acoustic wave, refractive index, electrode, thermal, ion-selective field-effect transistor (ISFET), electrical conductivity, pH/colormetric, and optical absorption. Based on information acquired in the literature search, PNL recommends that follow-on activities focus on ISFET devices and a fiber optic evanescent sensor with a colormetric indicator. The ISFET and fiber optic evanescent sensor are inherently microminiature and capable of in situ measurements. Further, both techniques have been demonstrated selective to the ammonium ion (NH{sub 4}{sup +}). The primary issue remaining is how to make the sensors sufficiently corrosion-resistant to be useful in practice.

Anheier, N.C. Jr.; McDonald, C.E.; Cuta, J.M.; Cuta, F.M.; Olsen, K.B.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Physical and chemical sensor technologies developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing emphasis on envirorunental issues, waste reduction, and improved efficiency for industrial processes has mandated the development of new chemical and physical sensors for field or in-plant use. The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has developed a number of technologies for sensing physical and chemical properties. Table 1 gives some examples of several sensors. that have been developed recently for environmental, industrial, commercial or government applications. Physical sensors of pressure, temperature, acceleration, acoustic vibration spectra, and ionizing radiation have been developed. Sensors developed at LLNL for chemical species include inorganic solvents, heavy metal ions`, and gaseous atoms and compounds. Primary sensing technologies we have employed have been based on optical fibers, semiconductor optical or radiation detectors, electrochemical activity, micromachined electromechanical (MEMs) structures, or chemical separation technologies. The complexities of these sensor systems range from single detectors to more advanced micro-instruments on-a-chip. For many of the sensors we have developed the necessary intelligent electronic support systems for both local and remote sensing applications. Each of these sensor technologies are briefly described in the remaining sections of this paper.

Balch, J.W.; Ciarlo, D.; Folta, J.; Glass, R.; Hagans, K.; Milanovich, F.; Sheem, S.

1993-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

385

Thin Silicon MEMS Contact-Stress Sensor  

SciTech Connect

This thin, MEMS contact-stress (CS) sensor continuously and accurately measures time-varying, solid interface loads in embedded systems over tens of thousands of load cycles. Unlike all other interface load sensors, the CS sensor is extremely thin (< 150 {micro}m), provides accurate, high-speed measurements, and exhibits good stability over time with no loss of calibration with load cycling. The silicon CS sensor, 5 mm{sup 2} and 65 {micro}m thick, has piezoresistive traces doped within a load-sensitive diaphragm. The novel package utilizes several layers of flexible polyimide to mechanically and electrically isolate the sensor from the environment, transmit normal applied loads to the diaphragm, and maintain uniform thickness. The CS sensors have a highly linear output in the load range tested (0-2.4 MPa) with an average accuracy of {+-} 1.5%.

Kotovsky, J; Tooker, A; Horsley, D

2010-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

386

Energy harvesting sensor nodes: Survey and implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sensor networks with battery-powered nodes can seldom simultaneously meet the design goals of lifetime, cost, sensing reliability and sensing and transmission coverage. Energy-harvesting, converting ambient energy to electrical energy, has emerged as an alternative to power sensor nodes. By exploiting recharge opportunities and tuning performance parameters based on current and expected energy levels, energy harvesting sensor nodes have the potential to address the conflicting design goals of lifetime and performance. This paper surveys various aspects of energy harvesting sensor systems — architecture, energy sources and storage technologies and examples of harvesting-based nodes and applications. The study also discusses the implications of recharge opportunities on sensor node operation and design of sensor network solutions. 1

Sujesha Sudevalayam; Purushottam Kulkarni

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Distributed sensor networks with collective computation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulations of a network of N sensors have been performed. The simulation space contains a number of sound sources and a large number of sensors. Each sensor is equipped with an omni-directional microphone and is capable of measuring only the time of arrival of a signal. Sensors are able to wirelessly transmit and receive packets of information, and have some computing power. The sensors were programmed to merge all information (received packets as well as local measurements) into a 'world view' for that node. This world view is then transmitted. In this way, information can slowly diffuse across the network. One node was monitored in the network as a proxy for when information had diffused across the network. Simulations demonstrated that the energy expended per sensor per time step was approximately independent of N.

Lanman, D. R. (Douglas R.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Body sensor network security: an identity-based cryptography approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A body sensor network (BSN), is a network of sensors deployed on a person's body, usually for health care monitoring. Since the sensors collect personal medical data, security and privacy are important components in a body sensor network. At the same ... Keywords: body sensor networks, identity-based cryptography, security

Chiu C. Tan; Haodong Wang; Sheng Zhong; Qun Li

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Fermilab | Employee Advisory Group | Focus Group Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phone Book Fermilab at Work Search Search Go Skip over navigation to main content EAG Home About the EAG EAG Members Questions and Answers Suggestions and Questions Focus Group...

390

HYDROCARBON AND SULFUR SENSORS FOR SOFC SYSTEMS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The following report summarizes work conducted during the Phase I program Hydrocarbon and Sulfur Sensors for SOFC Systems under contract No. DE-FC26-02NT41576. For the SOFC application, sensors are required to monitor hydrocarbons and sulfur in order to increase the operation life of SOFC components. This report discusses the development of two such sensors, one based on thick film approach for sulfur monitoring and the second galvanic based for hydrocarbon monitoring.

A.M. Azad; Chris Holt; Todd Lesousky; Scott Swartz

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Low-Cost Fiber Optic Pressure Sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The size and cost of fabricating fiber optic pressure sensors is reduced by fabricating the membrane of the sensor in a non-planar shape. The design of the sensors may be made in such a way that the non-planar membrane becomes a part of an air-tight cavity, so as to make the membrane resilient due to the air-cushion effect of the air-tight cavity. Such non-planar membranes are easier to make and attach.

Sheem, Sang K. (Pleasanton, CA)

2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

392

Low-Cost Fiber Optic Pressure Sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The size and cost of fabricating fiber optic pressure sensors is reduced by fabricating the membrane of the sensor in a non-planar shape. The design of the sensors may be made in such a way that the non-planar membrane becomes a part of an air-tight cavity, so as to make the membrane resilient due to the air-cushion effect of the air-tight cavity. Such non-planar membranes are easier to make and attach.

Sheem, Sang K. (Pleasanton, CA)

2003-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

393

Hanford Site lighting occupancy sensor study  

SciTech Connect

This study was designed to assess the potential energy savings from the use of lighting occupancy sensor control in the US Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site office facilities. The final results of the study provide useful information for assessing cost-effective use of occupancy sensor lighting control. The results also include specific application data for Hanford Site office building spaces that indicate where sensor technology could be applied for cost-effective energy savings.

Richman, E.E.; Dittmer, A.L.; Keller, J.M.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Carbon nanotube temperature and pressure sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present invention, in one embodiment, provides a method of measuring pressure or temperature using a sensor including a sensor element composed of a plurality of carbon nanotubes. In one example, the resistance of the plurality of carbon nanotubes is measured in response to the application of temperature or pressure. The changes in resistance are then recorded and correlated to temperature or pressure. In one embodiment, the present invention provides for independent measurement of pressure or temperature using the sensors disclosed herein.

Ivanov, Ilia N; Geohegan, David Bruce

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

395

Guide of Sensor Technology Application Practices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical update provides guidance on the deployment of sensors on the electric distribution system. Sensors are defined as devices, embedded in distribution equipment or standing alone, which measure parameters such as voltage, current or temperature, and report those measurements back to the electric utility through some form of communications. These sensors support a wide range of applications intended to improve reliability, manage assets, detect/prevent failures, or support operations. ...

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

396

Sensor Development for PEM Fuel Cell Systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document reports on the work done by Honeywell Sensing and Control to investigate the feasibility of modifying low cost Commercial Sensors for use inside a PEM Fuel Cell environment. Both stationary and automotive systems were considered. The target environment is hotter (100 C) than the typical commercial sensor maximum of 70 C. It is also far more humid (100% RH condensing) than the more typical 95% RH non-condensing at 40 C (4% RH maximum at 100 C). The work focused on four types of sensors, Temperature, Pressure, Air Flow and Relative Humidity. Initial design goals were established using a market research technique called Market Driven Product Definition (MDPD). A series of interviews were conducted with various users and system designers in their facilities. The interviewing team was trained in data taking and analysis per the MDPD process. The final result was a prioritized and weighted list of both requirements and desires for each sensor. Work proceeded on concept development for the 4 types of sensors. At the same time, users were developing the actual fuel cell systems and gaining knowledge and experience in the use of sensors and controls systems. This resulted in changes to requirements and desires that were not anticipated during the MDPD process. The concepts developed met all the predicted requirements. At the completion of concept development for the Pressure Sensor, it was determined that the Fuel Cell developers were happy with off-the-shelf automotive pressure sensors. Thus, there was no incentive to bring a new Fuel Cell Specific Pressure Sensor into production. Work was therefore suspended. After the experience with the Pressure Sensor, the requirements for a Temperature Sensor were reviewed and a similar situation applied. Commercially available temperature sensors were adequate and cost effective and so the program was not continued from the Concept into the Design Phase.

Steve Magee; Richard Gehman

2005-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

397

Bioanalytical Science Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bioanalytical Science Group. Welcome. We provide the measurement science, standards, technology, and data required ...

2013-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

398

Lighting Research Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Research Group overview what's new publications software facilities people contact us links...

399

Scientific Working Groups  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... TWGDAM 1988). SWGDOG, Scientific Working Group on Dogs and Orthogonal Detection Guidelines, 2004. SWGTOX, Scientific ...

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

400

QUANTUM GROUPS JOHAN KUSTERMANS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QUANTUM GROUPS JOHAN KUSTERMANS Syllabus: #15; The de#12;nition of a locally compact quantum group: motivational ex- amples and special cases. The classical case, compact and discrete quantum groups. #15 for weights. #15; The general de#12;nition of a locally compact quantum group and its basic consequences

Schürmann, Michael

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401

Advanced Sensors and Instrumentation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sensors and Instrumentation Sensors and Instrumentation Advanced Sensors and Instrumentation The ASI subprogram plans to develop the scientific basis for sensors and supporting infrastructure technology that will address crosscutting technology gaps relating to measurements at existing and advanced nuclear power plants as well as within their fuel cycles. The focus of the program is on the following technical challenges and objectives: Identify needed physical measurement accuracy of nuclear system process parameters and minimize uncertainty. Identify and conduct research into monitoring and control technologies, including human factors, to achieve control of new nuclear energy processes, and new methodologies for monitoring to achieve high reliability and availability. Integrate control of multiple processes, potential reductions in

402

Sensors & Measurement | Clean Energy | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electrical and Electronics Systems Research Sustainable Electricity Systems Biology Transportation Clean Energy Home | Science & Discovery | Clean Energy | Research Areas | Sensors & Measurement SHARE Sensors & Measurement Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL) capability in the research and development of sensor materials, sensors technologies, new instrumentation, and measurement systems is critical to its ability to translate breakthrough science into robust technologies, systems, and methods that address high-risk, high-complexity, multidisciplinary issues of national importance. This capability is manifested in a culture that effectively creates and manages complex systems by (1) developing detailed analytical processes to establish requirements, (2) analyzing candidate system

403

Wireless Sensors Improve Data Center Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

foot, increase, energy savings for cooling can be realized by applying wireless sensor network (WSN) technology and using the gathered information to efficiently manage the data...

404

Polyaniline Nanothin Film Chemiresistive Gas Sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of formaldehyde, carbon dioxide, ozone and nerve agent sarin4: A MINIATURIZED CARBON DIOXIDE CHEMIRESISTIVE SENSOR USINGdioxide, formaldehyde, carbon dioxide, ozone and nerve

Srinives, Sira

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Nanomechanical Sensor Detects and Identifies Chemical Analytes  

ORNL 2010-G00612/jcn UT-B ID 200802066 Nanomechanical Sensor Detects and Identifies Chemical Analytes Technology Summary ORNL researchers developed a ...

406

Ultrahigh-Temperature Distributed Wireless Sensors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ultrahigh-Temperature Distributed Wireless Sensors Description The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is working in cooperation with Prime...

407

NIST Sensor Improvement Brings Analysis Method Into ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Sensor Improvement Brings Analysis Method into Mainstream Video Transcript (back ... But the vault's days on the job may soon be numbered ...

2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

408

Structure and yarn sensor for fabric  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A structure and yarn sensor for fabric directly determines pick density in a fabric thereby allowing fabric length and velocity to be calculated from a count of the picks made by the sensor over known time intervals. The structure and yarn sensor is also capable of detecting full length woven defects and fabric. As a result, an inexpensive on-line pick (or course) density measurement can be performed which allows a loom or knitting machine to be adjusted by either manual or automatic means to maintain closer fiber density tolerances. Such a sensor apparatus dramatically reduces fabric production costs and significantly improves fabric consistency and quality for woven or knitted fabric.

Mee, David K. (Knoxville, TN); Allgood, Glenn O. (Powell, TN); Mooney, Larry R. (Knoxville, TN); Duncan, Michael G. (Clinton, TN); Turner, John C. (Clinton, TN); Treece, Dale A. (Knoxville, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Energy Harvesting Support for Sensor Networking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

no harvesting energy Environment Aware DC Step-Up Converterand solar energy info with host sensor node DC Step-Up

Jason Hsu; Aman Kansal; Mani Srivastava

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Distributed Sensor Coordination for Advanced Energy Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Distributed Sensor Coordination for Advanced Energy Systems Background As advanced energy systems grow in size, they require an increasing number of pressure, temperature, and...

411

Intelligent Software Agents for Enhancing Sensor Networks ...  

Technology Marketing Summary Intelligent software agents developed by ORNL researchers can be used with sensor networks in distributed and centralized computing ...

412

Millimeter Wave Sensors for Clean Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Millimeter wave sensor data on refractory used for clean coal gasification will also be presented. Future applications in the area of clean energy will be ...

413

Energy Saving Methods in Wireless Sensor Networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? To predict the lifetime of wireless sensor networks before their installation is an important concern. The IEEE 802.15.4 standard is specifically meant to support… (more)

JAWAD ALI, SYED

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Solid State Gas Sensors - Energy Innovation Portal  

The total cost of ownership (TCO) for gas sensors today is a limiting factor in improving safety, air quality, and energy efficiency.

415

Energy Harvesting Support for Sensor Networking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

battery status and solar energy info with host sensor nodelevel Yellow bar represent solar energy received locally •AHeliomoteR A integrated solar energy harvesting and storage

Jason Hsu; Aman Kansal; Mani Srivastava

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Argonne CNM Highlight: Flexible Hydrogen Sensors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sheets reduces their overall weight and increases their mechanical flexibility and shock resistance. Flexible hydrogen sensors show a change of 75% in their resistance when...

417

Lighting Controls/Sensors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Lighting ControlsSensors Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Add description List of Lighting...

418

Mini Magnetic Sensor May Have Biomedical, Security ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The sensor could be battery-operated and could reduce the costs of ... As the laser beam passes through the atomic vapor, scientists measure the ...

2012-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

419

Sensors, Sampling, and Simulation for Process Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New sensor technologies, more advanced real-time models, and faster computers are enabling better control systems for these processes. Specific topics ...

420

Chemical preconcentrator with integral thermal flow sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chemical preconcentrator with integral thermal flow sensor can be used to accurately measure fluid flow rate in a microanalytical system. The thermal flow sensor can be operated in either constant temperature or constant power mode and variants thereof. The chemical preconcentrator with integral thermal flow sensor can be fabricated with the same MEMS technology as the rest of the microanlaytical system. Because of its low heat capacity, low-loss, and small size, the chemical preconcentrator with integral thermal flow sensor is fast and efficient enough to be used in battery-powered, portable microanalytical systems.

Manginell, Ronald P. (Albuquerque, NM); Frye-Mason, Gregory C. (Cedar Crest, NM)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Assessment of fiber optic pressure sensors  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a six-month Phase 1 study to establish the state-of-the-art in fiber optic pressure sensing and describes the design and principle of operation of various fiber optic pressure sensors. This study involved a literature review, contact with experts in the field, an industrial survey, a site visit to a fiber optic sensor manufacturer, and laboratory testing of a fiber optic pressure sensor. The laboratory work involved both static and dynamic performance tests. In addition, current requirements for environmental and seismic qualification of sensors for nuclear power plants were reviewed to determine the extent of the qualification tests that fiber optic pressure sensors may have to meet before they can be used in nuclear power plants. This project has concluded that fiber optic pressure sensors are still in the research and development stage and only a few manufacturers exist in the US and abroad which supply suitable fiber optic pressure sensors for industrial applications. Presently, fiber optic pressure sensors are mostly used in special applications for which conventional sensors are not able to meet the requirements.

Hashemian, H.M.; Black, C.L.; Farmer, J.P. [Analysis and Measurement Services Corp., Knoxville, TN (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Robust Semidefinite Programming Approaches for Sensor Network ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 21, 2006 ... Many applications use ad hoc wireless sensor networks for ...... Technical report, Operation Research, Stanford University, Stanford, CA,. 2005.

423

Feasibility study of long-life micro fuel cell power supply for sensor networks for space and terrestrial applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sensor networks used for activities like border security, search and rescue, planetary exploration, commonly operate in harsh environments for long durations, where human supervision is minimal. A major challenge confronting ...

Manyapu, Kavya Kamal

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Catalysis Working Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Catalysis Working Catalysis Working Group to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Catalysis Working Group on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Catalysis Working Group on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Catalysis Working Group on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Catalysis Working Group on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Catalysis Working Group on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Catalysis Working Group on AddThis.com... Key Activities Plans, Implementation, & Results Accomplishments Organization Chart & Contacts Quick Links Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen Storage Fuel Cells Technology Validation Manufacturing Codes & Standards Education Systems Analysis

425

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Photoelectrochemical Working Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About About Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Photoelectrochemical Working Group to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Photoelectrochemical Working Group on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Photoelectrochemical Working Group on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Photoelectrochemical Working Group on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Photoelectrochemical Working Group on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Photoelectrochemical Working Group on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Photoelectrochemical Working Group on AddThis.com... Key Activities Plans, Implementation, & Results Accomplishments Organization Chart & Contacts

426

SensorScope: Application-specific sensor network for environmental monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SensorScope is a turnkey solution for environmental monitoring systems, based on a wireless sensor network and resulting from a collaboration between environmental and network researchers. Given the interest in climate change, environmental monitoring ... Keywords: Architecture, deployment, environmental monitoring, implementation, wireless sensor network

François Ingelrest; Guillermo Barrenetxea; Gunnar Schaefer; Martin Vetterli; Olivier Couach; Marc Parlange

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Energy Research Group Staff Page  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy Research Group Staff. ... Nikolai Zhitenev, Group Leader Nikolai Zhitenev is the Group Leader of the CNST Energy Research Group. ...

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

428

Capacitively-coupled inductive sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A capacitively coupled inductive shunt current sensor which utilizes capacitive coupling between flanges having an annular inductive channel formed therein. A voltage dividing capacitor is connected between the coupling capacitor and ground to provide immediate capacitive division of the output signal so as to provide a high frequency response of the current pulse to be detected. The present invention can be used in any desired outer conductor such as the outer conductor of a coaxial transmission line, the outer conductor of an electron beam transmission line, etc.

Ekdahl, Carl A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Thin-film spectroscopic sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is disclosed an integrated spectrometer for chemical analysis by evanescent electromagnetic radiation absorption in a reaction volume. The spectrometer comprises a noninteractive waveguide, a substrate, an entrance grating and an exit grating, an electromagnetic radiation source, and an electromagnetic radiation sensing device. There is further disclosed a chemical sensor to determine the pressure and concentration of a chemical species in a mixture comprising an interactive waveguide, a substrate, an entrance grating and an exit grating, an electromagnetic radiation source, and an electromagnetic radiation sensing device.

Burgess, Jr., Lloyd W. (Seattle, WA); Goldman, Don S. (Richland, WA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Environmental Service Group Contact Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Services Group Whom to Call List by Activity Services Group Whom to Call List by Activity Updated October 4, 2013 Activity Category Primary Secondary Extension Cell/Pager Email Air Quality (outdoor) Non- radioactive Ned Borglin Patrick Thorson 4332 5852 925-437-9397 cell 510-301-0938 cell EKBorglin@lbl.gov PAThorson@lbl.gov Air Quality (outdoor) Radioactive Linnea Wahl Patrick Thorson - 5852 510-229-2370 cell 510-301-0938 cell LEWahl@lbl.gov PAThorson@lbl.gov Creek Sampling John Jelinski Robert Fox 7616 7327 510-517-5378 cell 510-425-0451 pager JAJelinski@lbl.gov RAFox@lbl.gov Environmental Management System Patrick Thorson Ron Pauer 5852 7614 510-301-0938 cell 510-289-9324 cell PAThorson@lbl.gov ROPauer@lbl.gov Environmental Protection Ron Pauer Linnea Wahl 7614 - 510-289-9324 cell

431

Rational subsets of groups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This text, Chapter 23 in the "AutoMathA" handbook, is devoted to the study of rational subsets of groups, with particular emphasis on the automata-theoretic approach to finitely generated subgroups of free groups. Indeed, Stallings' construction, associating a finite inverse automaton with every such subgroup, inaugurated a complete rewriting of free group algorithmics, with connections to other fields such as topology or dynamics. Another important vector in the chapter is the fundamental Benois' Theorem, characterizing rational subsets of free groups. The theorem and its consequences really explain why language theory can be successfully applied to the study of free groups. Rational subsets of (free) groups can play a major role in proving statements (a priori unrelated to the notion of rationality) by induction. The chapter also includes related results for more general classes of groups, such as virtually free groups or graph groups.

Bartholdi, Laurent

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

PKM: a pairwise key management scheme for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks are characterized by strict resource limitations and large scalability. Many sensor network applications require secure communication, a crucial component, especially in harsh environments. Symmetric key cryptography is very attractive ... Keywords: key distribution, key management, security, sensor networks

F. An; X. Cheng; J. M. Rivera; J. Li; Z. Cheng

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Game Theoretic Distributed Energy Control in Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Standard wireless sensor networks models emphasize energy efficiency and distributed decision- making by considering unattended sensors. Wireless sensor networks are confronted with the challenges of performance and energy consumption. To prolong the ...

Jia Zeng; Chundi Mu; Min Jiang

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Optical Fiber Sensors for Efficient and Economical Oil Recovery...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

.0 Pressure Sensors Optical Fiber Sensors for Efficient and Economical Oil Recovery 104 7.0 Pressure Sensors Monitoring of high pressures with high accuracy in oil reservoirs is...

435

A Delaunay Triangulation Based Method for Wireless Sensor Network Deployment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To obtain a satisfied performance of wireless sensor network, an adaptable sensor deployment method for various applications is essential. In this paper, we propose a centralized sensor deployment method, DT-Score, aims to maximize the coverage of a ...

Chun-Hsien Wu; Kuo-Chuan Lee; Yeh-Ching Chung

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Transducer Signal Noise Analysis for Sensor Authentication  

SciTech Connect

The abstract is being passed through STIMS for submision to the conference. International safeguards organizations charged with promoting the peaceful use of nuclear energy employ unattended and remote monitoring systems supplemented with onsite inspections to ensure nuclear materials are not diverted for weaponization purposes. These systems are left unattended for periods of several months between inspections. During these periods physical security means are the main deterrent used to detect intentional monitoring system tampering. The information gathering components are locked in secure and sealed rooms. The sensor components (i.e. neutron and gamma detectors) are located throughout the plant in unsecure areas where sensor tampering could take place during the periods between inspections. Sensor tampering could allow the diversion of nuclear materials from the accepted and intended use to uses not consistent with the peaceful use of nuclear energy. A method and an apparatus is presented that address the detection of sensor tampering during the periods between inspections. It was developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) for the Department of Energy (DOE) in support of the IAEA. The method is based on the detailed analysis of the sensor noise floor after the sensor signal is removed. The apparatus consists of a 2.1” x 2.6” electronic circuit board containing all signal conditioning and processing components and a laptop computer running an application that acquires and stores the analysis results between inspection periods. The sensors do not require any modification and are remotely located in their normal high radiation zones. The apparatus interfaces with the sensor signal conductors using a simple pass through connector at the normal sensor electronics interface package located in the already secure and sealed rooms. The apparatus does not require hardening against the effects of radiation due to its location. Presented is the apparatus design, the analysis method, and the test results as applied to tamper detection using three HE3 neutron sensors and two gamma sensors designed and built for safeguards monitoring.

John M. Svoboda (043887); Mark J. Schanfein

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

EVALUATING AN INNOVATIVE OXYGEN SENSOR FOR REMOTE SUBSURFACE OXYGEN MEASUREMENTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oxygen is a primary indicator of whether anaerobic reductive dechlorination and similar redox based processes contribute to natural attenuation remedies at chlorinated solvent contaminated sites. Thus, oxygen is a viable indicator parameter for documenting that a system is being sustained in an anaerobic condition. A team of researchers investigated the adaptation of an optical sensor that was developed for oceanographic applications. The optical sensor, because of its design and operating principle, has potential for extended deployment and sensitivity at the low oxygen levels relevant to natural attenuation. The results of the research indicate this tool will be useful for in situ long-term monitoring applications, but that the traditional characterization tools continue to be appropriate for characterization activities.

Millings, M; Brian Riha, B; Warren Hyde, W; Karen Vangelas, K; Brian02 Looney, B

2006-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

438

Improved Humidity Profiling by Combining Passive and Active Remote...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Team Meeting Proceedings, Albuquerque, New Mexico, March 22-26, 2004 Improved Humidity Profiling by Combining Passive and Active Remote Sensors at the Southern Great Plains...

439

Optimum Sensors Integration for Multi-Sensor Multi-Target Environment for Ballistic Missile Defense Applications  

SciTech Connect

Multi-sensor networks may face resource limitations in a dynamically evolving multiple target tracking scenario. It is necessary to task the sensors efficiently so that the overall system performance is maximized within the system constraints. The central sensor resource manager may control the sensors to meet objective functions that are formulated to meet system goals such as minimization of track loss, maximization of probability of target detection, and minimization of track error. This paper discusses the variety of techniques that may be utilized to optimize sensor performance for either near term gain or future reward over a longer time horizon.

Imam, Neena [ORNL; Barhen, Jacob [ORNL; Glover, Charles Wayne [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Student Common Interest Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Students interested in the oils and fats industry make valuable networking connections by joining the AOCS Student Common Interest Group. Student Common Interest Group Student Membership achievement aocs application award awards distinguished divi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Quantum Chevalley groups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this paper is to construct quantum analogues of Chevalley groups inside completions of quantum groups or, more precisely, inside completions of Hall algebras of finitary categories.

Berenstein, Arkady

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Life cycle support for sensor network applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developing applications for sensor networks is a challenging task. Most programming systems narrowly focus on programming issues while ignoring that programming represents only a tiny fraction of the typical life cycle of an application. Furthermore, ... Keywords: assessment, middleware, sensor networks, separation of concerns, software engineering

Urs Bischoff; Gerd Kortuem

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Wireless sensor networks for healthcare: A survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Becoming mature enough to be used for improving the quality of life, wireless sensor network technologies are considered as one of the key research areas in computer science and healthcare application industries. The pervasive healthcare systems provide ... Keywords: Care for elderly, Children and chronically ill, Pervasive healthcare, Wireless sensor networks

Hande Alemdar; Cem Ersoy

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Ultra-wideband radar sensors and networks  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ultra wideband radar motion sensors strategically placed in an area of interest communicate with a wireless ad hoc network to provide remote area surveillance. Swept range impulse radar and a heart and respiration monitor combined with the motion sensor further improves discrimination.

Leach, Jr., Richard R; Nekoogar, Faranak; Haugen, Peter C

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

445

A wireless sensor network For structural monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structural monitoring---the collection and analysis of structural response to ambient or forced excitation--is an important application of networked embedded sensing with significant commercial potential. The first generation of sensor networks for structural ... Keywords: Wisden, sensor network, structural health monitoring

Ning Xu; Sumit Rangwala; Krishna Kant Chintalapudi; Deepak Ganesan; Alan Broad; Ramesh Govindan; Deborah Estrin

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Efficient code distribution in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The need to reprogramme a wireless sensor network may arise from changing application requirements, bug fixes, or during the application development cycle. Once deployed, it will be impractical at best to reach each individual node. Thus, a scheme is ... Keywords: code distribution, compression, reprogramming, sensor networks, string distance, wireless

Niels Reijers; Koen Langendoen

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Diagnostic tracing for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks are typically deployed in harsh environments, thus post-deployment failures are not infrequent. An execution trace containing events in their order of execution could play a crucial role in postmortem diagnosis of these failures. ... Keywords: Embedded debugging, diagnosis, tracing, wireless sensor networks

Vinaitheerthan Sundaram; Patrick Eugster; Xiangyu Zhang; Vamsidhar Addanki

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Target tracking with binary proximity sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We explore fundamental performance limits of tracking a target in a two-dimensional field of binary proximity sensors, and design algorithms that attain those limits while providing minimal descriptions of the estimated target trajectory. Using geometric ... Keywords: Sensor networks, binary sensing, distributed algorithms, fundamental limits, target tracking

Nisheeth Shrivastava; Raghuraman Mudumbai; Upamanyu Madhow; Subhash Suri

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Cooperative caching in wireless multimedia sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recent advances in miniaturization and the creation of low-power circuits, combined with small-sized batteries have made the development of wireless sensor networks a working reality. Lately, the production of cheap complementary metal-oxide semiconductor ... Keywords: cooperative caching, multimedia, replacement policy, wireless sensor networks

Nikos Dimokas; Dimitrios Katsaros; Yannis Manolopoulos

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Sensor network configuration under physical attacks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks will typically operate in hostile environments, where they are susceptible to physical attacks resulting in physical node destructions. In this paper, we study impacts of physical attacks on network configuration w.r.t. lifetime. While ... Keywords: deployment, network configuration, network lifetime, physical attacks, physical node destruction, sensor networks

Xun Wang; Wenjun Gu; Kurt Schosek; Sriram Chellappan; Dong Xuan

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Linear air-fuel sensor development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The electrochemical zirconia solid electrolyte oxygen sensor, is extensively used for monitoring oxygen concentrations in various fields. They are currently utilized in automobiles to monitor the exhaust gas composition and control the air-to-fuel ratio, thus reducing harmful emission components and improving fuel economy. Zirconia oxygen sensors, are divided into two classes of devices: (1) potentiometric or logarithmic air/fuel sensors; and (2) amperometric or linear air/fuel sensors. The potentiometric sensors are ideally suited to monitor the air-to-fuel ratio close to the complete combustion stoichiometry; a value of about 14.8 to 1 parts by volume. This occurs because the oxygen concentration changes by many orders of magnitude as the air/fuel ratio is varied through the stoichiometric value. However, the potentiometric sensor is not very sensitive to changes in oxygen partial pressure away from the stoichiometric point due to the logarithmic dependence of the output voltage signal on the oxygen partial pressure. It is often advantageous to operate gasoline power piston engines with excess combustion air; this improves fuel economy and reduces hydrocarbon emissions. To maintain stable combustion away from stoichiometry, and enable engines to operate in the excess oxygen (lean burn) region several limiting-current amperometric sensors have been reported. These sensors are based on the electrochemical oxygen ion pumping of a zirconia electrolyte. They typically show reproducible limiting current plateaus with an applied voltage caused by the gas diffusion overpotential at the cathode.

Garzon, F. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Miller, C. [General Motors, Flint, MI (United States). GM/Delphi E. Division

1996-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

452

Wireless sensor networks and human comfort index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conventional wireless home automation networks (WHANs) incorporate embedded wireless sensors and actuators that monitors and control home living environment. WHAN's primary goal is to maintain user comfort and efficient home management. Conventional ... Keywords: Ambient intelligence, Fuzzy logic, Human comfort, Wireless sensor network

Mohd Izani Rawi, Adnan Al-Anbuky

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Wireless sensor networks for soil science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks can revolutionise soil ecology by providing measurements at temporal and spatial granularities previously impossible. This paper presents our first steps towards fulfilling that goal by developing and deploying two experimental ... Keywords: WSNs, environmental monitoring, soil moisture, soil monitoring, soil science, soil temperature, urban forests, web services, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

Andreas Terzis; Razvan Musaloiu-E.; Joshua Cogan; Katalin Szlavecz; Alexander Szalay; Jim Gray; Stuart Ozer; Chieh-Jan Mike Liang; Jayant Gupchup; Randal Burns

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Sensor fault detection using the Mahalanobis distance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is described by which a localized sensor abnormality can be detected using the Mahalanobis distance. The Mahalanobis distance is approximately the weighted distance from the hyperplane formed by the principal components to the particular observation. Qualitatively, the principal components correspond to the physical laws that govern the behavior of the systems and constraints placed on the system. If there are more sensors than principal components, there are redundant measurements. This redundancy can be used to detect abnormalities that are due either to sensor failure or a localized change in the system being measured. The method compares the distribution of the Mahalanobis distance during normal operation with the distribution during the current operation. A likelihood ratio test is then used to determine if a sensor has gone bad or if operations in the reactor are different from normal. The sensor whose value is not normal is identified by comparing Mahalanobis distances computed with one sensor masked. When the abnormal sensor is masked, the Mahalanobis distance for this subset of sensors will be within prespecified bounds. The method is demonstrated on 20 subassembly output thermocouples in the core of Experimental Breeder Reactor II.

White, A.M.; Gross, K.C. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Kubic, W.L (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Characterization monitoring & sensor technology crosscutting program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of the Characterization, Monitoring, and Sensor Technology Crosscutting Program (CMST-CP) is to deliver appropriate characterization, monitoring, and sensor technology (CMST) to the OFfice of Waste Management (EM-30), the Office of Environmental Restoration (EM-40), and the Office of Facility Transition and Management (EM-60).

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Solar Energy Harvesting for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The commercially available sensor nodes are battery-driven devices. A number of nodes together constitute a network. As days proceed, the batteries used in the nodes lose their charge and subsequently get isolated from the network. Many energy harvesting ... Keywords: Energy Harvest, Recharging Circuitry, Batteries, Low Power Design, MICAz sensor nodes

P. T. V. Bhuvaneswari; R. Balakumar; V. Vaidehi; P. Balamuralidhar

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

DFIG Soft-Sensor and its Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rotor speed measurement of doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) is very important to its control system design, but many problems may arise when applying traditional speed sensor. So, it is necessary to study the speed-sensorless measuring technique. ... Keywords: electrical power systems, DFIG, measuring, soft-sensor, speed observer

Kaifeng Zhang, Miao Xu, Li Sun, Haiming Zhou

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Building programmable routing service for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current routing services for sensor networks are application-specific. They are pre-configured into nodes, and thus have difficulty in adapting to different applications and network conditions. This paper describes a framework to build programmable routing ... Keywords: Energy saving, Parameterization, Programmable, Routing, Sensor networks

Yu He; Cauligi S. Raghavendra

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

An autonomic routing framework for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current routing services for sensor networks are often designed for specific applications and network conditions, thus have difficulty in adapting to application and network dynamics. This paper proposes an autonomic framework to promote the adaptivity ... Keywords: Autonomic routing, Feature functions, Monitoring policies, Sensor networks

Yu He; Cauligi S. Raghavendra; Steven Berson; Robert Braden

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Dynamic cutter runout measurement with laser sensor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The cutter runout is very common in machine milling and has a great effect on the surface accuracy. In this paper, a measurement of radial cutter runout in revolving milling tool is proposed by using the laser sensor. A laser beam is projected onto the ... Keywords: dynamic cutter runout, high speed milling, laser sensor, milling tool, surface accuracy

XiaoJian Zhang; CaiHua Xiong; Ye Ding

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Fault reconnaissance agent for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the key prerequisite for a scalable, effective and efficient sensor network is the utilization of low-cost, low-overhead and high-resilient fault-inference techniques. To this end, we propose an intelligent agent system with a problem solving ... Keywords: Management, expectation maximization algorithm, intelligent agents, wireless sensor networks

Elhadi M. Shakshuki; Xinyu Xing; Tarek R. Sheltami

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Power management in energy harvesting sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power management is an important concern in sensor networks, because a tethered energy infrastructure is usually not available and an obvious concern is to use the available battery energy efficiently. However, in some of the sensor networking applications, ... Keywords: Adaptive duty cycling, Heliomote, energy neutrality, lifetime, power management

Aman Kansal; Jason Hsu; Sadaf Zahedi; Mani B. Srivastava

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Fuzzy techniques and internal models for sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper proposes a new architecture for a sensor with data fusion and internal model estimators. Fuzzy logic is used as an effective tool for data processing. The fusion process of information conducts to the improvement of the measurements accuracy. ... Keywords: fuzzy logic, fuzzy-interpolative, information fusion, internal model, smart sensor, uncertainty

Valentina E. Balas

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Time Constant Estimates for Radiosonde Temperature Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To correct time lag errors in radiosonde temperatures the sensor time constant has to be known. Time constants are not published for some widely used sensors and, in some cases, available time constants disagree. This study focuses on ML-405, ML-...

Marcel E. Tschudin; Steven R. Schroeder

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Deterministic Secure Positioning in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Position verification problem is an important building block for a large subset of wireless sensor networks (WSN) applications. As a result, the performance of the WSN degrades significantly when misbehaving nodes report false location information in ... Keywords: Distributed Protocol, Secure Positioning, Wireless Sensor Network

Sylvie Delaët; Partha Sarathi Mandal; Mariusz A. Rokicki; Sébastien Tixeuil

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Efficient XML usage within wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Integrating wireless sensor networks in heterogeneous networks is a complex task. A reason is the absence of a standardized data exchange format that is supported in all participating sub networks. XML has evolved to the de facto standard data exchange ... Keywords: XML, database management, programming language, wireless sensor networks

Nils Hoeller; Christoph Reinke; Jana Neumann; Sven Groppe; Daniel Boeckmann; Volker Linnemann

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

LUSTER: wireless sensor network for environmental research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Environmental wireless sensor network (EWSN) systems are deployed in potentially harsh and remote environments where inevitable node and communication failures must be tolerated. LUSTER---Light Under Shrub Thicket for Environmental Research---is a system ... Keywords: LiteTDMA, architecture, environmental science, implementation, mote, network protocol, storage, validation, wireless sensor network

L. Selavo; A. Wood; Q. Cao; T. Sookoor; H. Liu; A. Srinivasan; Y. Wu; W. Kang; J. Stankovic; D. Young; J. Porter

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Wireless sensor network operating systems: a survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of operating system for Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) deviates from the traditional operating system design due to their specific characteristics like constrained resources, high dynamics and inaccessible deployment environments. We ... Keywords: TinyOS, WSN operating systems, WSNs, ad-hoc networks, applications, characteristics, classification framework, design, embedded systems, reprogramming, survey, virtual machines, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

Adi Mallikarjuna V. Reddy; A.V.U. Phani Kumar; D. Janakiram; G. Ashok Kumar

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

MEMS sensors and wireless telemetry for distributed systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Selectively coated cantilevers are being developed at ORNL for chemical and biological sensing. The sensitivity can exceed that of other electro-mechanical devices as parts-per-trillion detection can be demonstrated for certain species. The authors are now proceeding to develop systems that employ electrically readable microcantilevers in a standard MEMS process and standard CMOS processes. One of their primary areas of interest is chemical sensing for environmental applications. Towards this end, they are presently developing electronic readout of a mercury-sensitive coated cantilever. In order to field arrays of distributed sensors, a wireless network for data reporting is needed. For this, the authors are developing on-chip spread-spectrum encoding and modulation circuitry to improve the robustness and security of sensor data in typical interference- and multipath-impaired environments. They have also provided for a selection of distinct spreading codes to serve groups of sensors in a common environment by the application of code-division multiple-access techniques. Most of the RF circuitry they have designed and fabricated in 0.5 {micro}m CMOS has been tested and verified operational to above 1 GHz. The initial intended operation is for use in the 915 MHz Industrial, Scientific, and Medical (ISM) band. This paper presents measured data on the microcantilever-based mercury detector. They also present design data and measurements of the RF telemetry chip.

Britton, C.L. Jr.; Warmack, R.J.; Smith, S.F. [and others

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

New and Underutilized Technology: HVAC Occupancy Sensors | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HVAC Occupancy Sensors New and Underutilized Technology: HVAC Occupancy Sensors October 4, 2013 - 4:20pm Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations...

471

Battery Allocation for Maximizing Lifetime of Wireless Sensor Networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Wireless sensor network has been an area of interest among researchers. Designing a wireless sensor network involves multiple issues such as size and processing capacity… (more)

Khambete, Ketki

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Wireless Sensor Network for Improving the Energy Efficiency of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

032012 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Keywords data center, energy efficiency, energy efficiency of data, Wireless sensor, Wireless sensor...

473

Advanced Sensor Approaches for Monitoring and Control of Gas...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contract Value (327,501 DOE) Advanced Sensor Approaches For Monitoring and Control Of Gas Turbine Combustors Georgia Institute of Technology JSTL 101905 Advanced Sensors 10...

474

Exact and Heuristic Approaches for Directional Sensor Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 29, 2013 ... The Directional Sensor Control problem (DSCP) consists in assigning a direction of view to each sensor. The location of the targets is known ...

475

Power-Rate-Distortion Analysis Of Wireless Visual Sensor Network.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The emergence of low-cost and mature technologies in wireless communication, visual sensor devices, and digtial signal processing, facilitates the potential of wirelss sensor networks (WSN).… (more)

Shaw, William

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Evaluation of Power Conservation Algorithms in Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Sensors play a prominent role in the industrialized society of today and a world without sensors is inconceivable as most of the electronic applications are… (more)

Garlapati, Naveen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Microanalysis Research Group Staff  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. Microanalysis Research Group Staff. ... Joseph M. Conny, Research Chemist. Jeff M. Davis, Materials Research Engineer. ...

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

478

Hydrogen Analysis Group  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL factsheet that describes the general activites of the Hydrogen Analysis Group within NREL's Hydrogen Technologies and Systems Center.

Not Available

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Retrieval Group Digital Video  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This site is no longer in use and will soon disappear entirely. The Retrieval Group Information Access Division Last updated ...

480

Working Group 7 Summary  

SciTech Connect

The primary subject of working group 7 at the 2012 Advanced Accelerator Concepts Workshop was muon accelerators for a muon collider or neutrino factory. Additionally, this working group included topics that did not fit well into other working groups. Two subjects were discussed by more than one speaker: lattices to create a perfectly integrable nonlinear lattice, and a Penning trap to create antihydrogen.

Nagaitsev S.; Berg J.

2012-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "group active sensors" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Sensor array for toxic gas detection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A portable instrument for use in the field in detecting and identifying a hazardous component in air or other gas including an array of small sensors which upon exposure to the gas from a pattern of electrical responses, a source of standard response patterns characteristic of various components, and microprocessor means for comparing the sensor-formed response pattern with one or more standard patterns to thereby identify the component on a display. The number of responses may be increased beyond the number of sensors by changing the operating voltage, temperature or other condition associated with one or more sensors to provide a plurality of responses from each of one or more of the sensors. In one embodiment, the instrument is capable of identifying anyone of over 50-100 hazardous components.

Stetter, Joseph R. (Naperville, IL); Zaromb, Solomon (Hinsdale, IL); Penrose, William R. (Naperville, IL)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

GAS MAIN SENSOR AND COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

Automatika, Inc. was contracted by the Department of Energy (DOE) and with co-funding from the New York Gas Group (NYGAS), to develop an in-pipe natural gas prototype measurement and wireless communications system for assessing and monitoring distribution networks. A prototype system was built for low-pressure cast-iron mains and tested in a spider- and serial-network configuration in a live network in Long Island with the support of Keyspan Energy, Inc. The prototype unit combined sensors capable of monitoring pressure, flow, humidity, temperature and vibration, which were sampled and combined in data-packages in an in-pipe master-slave architecture to collect data from a distributed spider-arrangement, and in a master-repeater-slave configuration in serial or ladder-network arrangements. It was found that the system was capable of performing all data-sampling and collection as expected, yielding interesting results as to flow-dynamics and vibration-detection. Wireless in-pipe communications were shown to be feasible and valuable data was collected in order to determine how to improve on range and data-quality in the future.

Hagen Schempf, Ph.D.

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

483

Design, implementation, and evaluation of EnviroMic: A storage-centric audio sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents the design, implementation, and evaluation of EnviroMic, a low-cost experimental prototype of a novel distributed acoustic monitoring, storage, and trace retrieval system designed for disconnected operation. Our intended ... Keywords: Sensor networks, acoustics, applications, distributed storage, group management

Liqian Luo; Qing Cao; Chengdu Huang; Lili Wang; Tarek F. Abdelzaher; John A. Stankovic; Michael Ward

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Electrochemical NOx Sensor for Monitoring Diesel Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasingly stringent emissions regulations will require the development of advanced gas sensors for a variety of applications. For example, compact, inexpensive sensors are needed for detection of regulated pollutants, including hydrocarbons (HCs), CO, and NO{sub x}, in automotive exhaust. Of particular importance will be a sensor for NO{sub x} to ensure the proper operation of the catalyst system in the next generation of diesel (CIDI) automobiles. Because many emerging applications, particularly monitoring of automotive exhaust, involve operation in harsh, high-temperature environments, robust ceramic-oxide-based electrochemical sensors are a promising technology. Sensors using yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) as an oxygen-ion-conducting electrolyte have been widely reported for both amperometric and potentiometric modes of operation. These include the well-known exhaust gas oxygen (EGO) sensor. More recently, ac impedance-based (i.e., impedance-metric) sensing techniques using YSZ have been reported for sensing water vapor, hydrocarbons, CO, and NO{sub x}. Typically small-amplitude alternating signal is applied, and the sensor response is measured at a specified frequency. Most impedance-metric techniques have used the modulus (or magnitude) at low frequencies ( 600 C, and thermodynamic calculations predict {approx}90% NO, balance NO{sub 2}. Since automotive exhaust sensors will probably be required to operate at temperatures > 600 C, NO is the dominant component in thermodynamic equilibrium and the target NOx species. Also, the use of upstream catalysts could further promote the conversion of NO{sub x} species to NO. Therefore, the focus of current work is to investigate the response to NO. Nevertheless, minimizing the sensitivity to a variety of competing species is important in order to obtain the accuracy necessary for achieving the emission limits. Mitigating the effect of interfering gases (e.g., O{sub 2}, water vapor, HCs, etc.) is an area of current study. For impedance metric NO{sub x} sensors, our previous work has demonstrated that the cross-sensitivity to O{sub 2} may be accounted for by comparing measurements at multiple frequencies. Other strategies for compensation are also being explored, including calibration using data from existing sensors located nearby. Our current work has made significant advances in terms of developing prototype sensors more suitable for commercialization. Also, dynamometer testing has provided real-world sensor performance data that will be useful in approaching potential suppliers to whom we can transfer the technology for commercialization. The advances are a direct result of understanding the sensing mechanisms responsible for impedance-based NO{sub x} sensing and the effect of materials choice and sensor design/geometry.

Woo, L Y; Glass, R S

2008-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

485

Balancedenergy sleep scheduling scheme for high density cluster-based sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — In order to conserve battery power in very dense sensor networks, some sensor nodes may be put into the sleep state while other sensor nodes remain active for the sensing and communication tasks. However, determining which of the sensor nodes should be put into the sleep state is non-trivial. As the goal of allowing nodes to sleep is to extend network lifetime, we propose and analyze a Balanced-energy Scheduling (BS) scheme in the context of cluster-based sensor networks. The BS scheme aims to evenly distribute the energy load of the sensing and communication tasks among all the nodes in the cluster, thereby extending the time until the cluster can no longer provide adequate sensing coverage. Two related sleep scheduling schemes, the Distance-based Scheduling (DS) scheme and the Randomized Scheduling (RS) scheme are also studied in terms of the coefficient of variation of their energy consumption. Analytical and simulation results are presented to evaluate the proposed BS scheme. It is shown that the BS scheme extends the cluster’s overall network lifetime significantly while maintaining a similar sensing coverage compared with the DS and the RS schemes for sensor clusters. I.

Jing Deng; Yunghsiang S. Han; Wendi B. Heinzelman; Pramod K. Varshney

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Test Beam Results of 3D Silicon Pixel Sensors for the ATLAS upgrade  

SciTech Connect

Results on beam tests of 3D silicon pixel sensors aimed at the ATLAS Insertable-B-Layer and High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) upgrades are presented. Measurements include charge collection, tracking efficiency and charge sharing between pixel cells, as a function of track incident angle, and were performed with and without a 1.6 T magnetic field oriented as the ATLAS Inner Detector solenoid field. Sensors were bump bonded to the front-end chip currently used in the ATLAS pixel detector. Full 3D sensors, with electrodes penetrating through the entire wafer thickness and active edge, and double-sided 3D sensors with partially overlapping bias and read-out electrodes were tested and showed comparable performance. Full and partial 3D pixel detectors have been tested, with and without a 1.6T magnetic field, in high energy pion beams at the CERN SPS North Area in 2009. Sensors characteristics have been measured as a function of the beam incident angle and compared to a regular planar pixel device. Overall full and partial 3D devices have similar behavior. Magnetic field has no sizeable effect on 3D performances. Due to electrode inefficiency 3D devices exhibit some loss of tracking efficiency for normal incident tracks but recover full efficiency with tilted tracks. As expected due to the electric field configuration 3D sensors have little charge sharing between cells.

Grenier, P.; /SLAC; Alimonti, G.; /INFN, Milan; Barbero, M.; /Bonn U.; Bates, R.; /Glasgow U.; Bolle, E.; /Oslo U.; Borri, M.; /Manchester U.; Boscardin, M.; /Fond. Bruno Kessler, Povo; Buttar, C.; /Glasgow U.; Capua, M.; /Calabria U. /INFN, Cosenza; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Cobal, M.; /Udine U. /INFN, Udine; Cristofoli, A.; /Udine U. /INFN, Udine; Dalla Betta, G.F.; /Trento U. /INFN, Trento; Darbo, G.; /INFN, Genoa; Da Via, C.; /Manchester U.; Devetak, E.; /SUNY, Stony Brook; DeWilde, B.; /SUNY, Stony Brook; Di Girolamo, B.; /CERN; Dobos, D.; /CERN; Einsweiler, K.; /LBL, Berkeley; Esseni, D.; /Udine U. /INFN, Udine /Calabria U. /INFN, Cosenza /Barcelona, Inst. Microelectron. /Manchester U. /CERN /LBL, Berkeley /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Udine U. /INFN, Udine /Oslo U. /ICREA, Barcelona /Barcelona, IFAE /SINTEF, Oslo /SINTEF, Oslo /SLAC /SLAC /Bergen U. /New Mexico U. /Bonn U. /SLAC /Freiburg U. /VTT Electronics, Espoo /Bonn U. /SLAC /Freiburg U. /SLAC /SINTEF, Oslo /Manchester U. /Barcelona, IFAE /Bonn U. /Bonn U. /CERN /Manchester U. /SINTEF, Oslo /Barcelona, Inst. Microelectron. /Calabria U. /INFN, Cosenza /Udine U. /INFN, Udine /Manchester U. /VTT Electronics, Espoo /Glasgow U. /Barcelona, IFAE /Udine U. /INFN, Udine /Hawaii U. /Freiburg U. /Manchester U. /Barcelona, Inst. Microelectron. /CERN /Fond. Bruno Kessler, Povo /Prague, Tech. U. /Trento U. /INFN, Trento /CERN /Oslo U. /Fond. Bruno Kessler, Povo /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Bergen U. /New Mexico U. /Udine U. /INFN, Udine /SLAC /Oslo U. /Prague, Tech. U. /Oslo U. /Bergen U. /SUNY, Stony Brook /SLAC /Calabria U. /INFN, Cosenza /Manchester U. /Bonn U. /SUNY, Stony Brook /Manchester U. /Bonn U. /SLAC /Fond. Bruno Kessler, Povo

2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

487

Sensor-Based Information Appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pervasive Computing is the main characteristic of the emerging fourth era of computer evolution. The paper discusses features of a new generation of intelligent sensor-based information appliances for distributed heterogeneous real-time applications. These appliances will be found in the intelligent homes, offices, automobiles and cities of the future. They will also offer higher mobility and convenience to professionals and open new avenues to many industrial and health applications. 1. Introduction Since its emergence, some forty years go, computing industry has passed through a rapid sequence of technological phases: central computing/mainframe (1950s-1980s), personal computer/PC (1980s-...), computer networks (1990s -...). A fourth era is emerging now, when computers become pervasive, i.e. a technology more noticeable by its absence than its presence [1], [6], [11], [14], [17], [22], [25]. The first mass-produced pervasive computing devices are starting to appear. The Clarion Au...

Emil M. Petriu; Nicolas D. Georganas; Dorina C. Petriu; Dimitrios Makrakis; Voicu Z. Groza

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Noribachi Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Noribachi Group Noribachi Group Jump to: navigation, search Name Noribachi Group Place Albuquerque, New Mexico Zip 87104 Product New Mexico-based private equity firm focused on investing in and actively supporting the development and commercialisation of clean technology. Coordinates 35.08418°, -106.648639° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.08418,"lon":-106.648639,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

489

CFCC working group meeting: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

This report is a compilation of the vugraphs presented at this meeting. Presentations covered are: CFCC Working Group; Overview of study on applications for advanced ceramics in industries for the future; Design codes and data bases: The CFCC program and its involvement in ASTM, ISO, ASME, and military handbook 17 activities; CFCC Working Group meeting (McDermott Technology); CFCC Working Group meeting (Textron); CFCC program for DMO materials; Developments in PIP-derived CFCCs; Toughened Silcomp (SiC-Si) composites for gas turbine engine applications; CFCC program for CVI materials; Self-lubricating CFCCs for diesel engine applications; Overview of the CFCC program`s supporting technologies task; Life prediction methodologies for CFCC components; Environmental testing of CFCCs in combustion gas environments; High-temperature particle filtration ORNL/DCC CRADA; HSCT CMC combustor; and Case study -- CFCC shroud for industrial gas turbines.

NONE

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

490

Green Modulations in Energy-Constrained Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to the unique characteristics of sensor devices, finding the energy-efficient modulation with a low-complexity implementation (refereed to as green modulation) poses significant challenges in the physical layer design of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Toward this goal, we present an in-depth analysis on the energy efficiency of various modulation schemes using realistic models in the IEEE 802.15.4 standard to find the optimum distance-based scheme in a WSN over Rayleigh and Rician fading channels with path-loss. We describe a proactive system model according to a flexible duty-cycling mechanism utilized in practical sensor apparatus. The present analysis includes the effect of the channel bandwidth and the active mode duration on the energy consumption of popular modulation designs. Path-loss exponent and DC-DC converter efficiency are also taken into consideration. In considering the energy efficiency and complexity, it is demonstrated that among various sinusoidal carrier-based modulations, the optimi...

Abouei, Jamshid; Pasupathy, Subbarayan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Contact NETL Technology Transfer Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NETL Technology Transfer Group techtransfer@netl.doe.gov May 2012 Significance * Applicable to subcritical and supercritical air-fired boiler designs * Eliminates the need to mimic air-fired heat transfer characteristics in order to meet existing dry steam load demands * Reduces retrofit complexity, time, and cost Applications * Retrofitting of conventional air-fired boilers Opportunity Research is active on the patent-pending technology, titled "Temperature

492

Trails Working Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trails Working Group Trails Working Group Trails Working Group Our mission is to inventory, map, and prepare historical reports on the many trails used at LANL. Contact Environmental Communication & Public Involvement P.O. Box 1663 MS M996 Los Alamos, NM 87545 (505) 667-0216 Email The LANL Trails Working Group inventories, maps, and prepares historical reports on the many trails used at LANL. Some of these trails are ancient pueblo footpaths that continue to be used for recreational hiking today. Some serve as quiet and non-motorized alternatives between the Townsite and LANL or between technical areas. The Trails Working Group, established in December 2003, includes representatives from local citizen hiking groups, Los Alamos County, Forest Service, Park Service, Los Alamos National Laboratory and the NNSA Los

493

Simulating the power consumption of large-scale sensor network applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developing sensor network applications demands a new set of tools to aid programmers. A number of simulation environments have been developed that provide varying degrees of scalability, realism, and detail for understanding the behavior of sensor networks. To date, however, none of these tools have addressed one of the most important aspects of sensor application design: that of power consumption. While simple approximations of overall power usage can be derived from estimates of node duty cycle and communication rates, these techniques often fail to capture the detailed, low-level energy requirements of the CPU, radio, sensors, and other peripherals. In this paper, we present PowerTOSSIM, a scalable simulation environment for wireless sensor networks that provides an accurate, per-node estimate of power consumption. PowerTOSSIM is an extension to TOSSIM, an event-driven simulation environment for TinyOS applications. In PowerTOSSIM, TinyOS components corresponding to specific hardware peripherals (such as the radio, EEPROM, LEDs, and so forth) are instrumented to obtain a trace of each device’s activity during the simulation run. PowerTOSSIM employs a novel code-transformation technique to estimate the number of CPU cycles executed by each node, eliminating the need for expensive instruction-level simulation of sensor nodes. PowerTOSSIM includes a detailed model of hardware energy consumption based on the Mica2 sensor node platform. Through instrumentation of actual sensor nodes, we demonstrate that PowerTOSSIM provides accurate estimation of power consumption for a range of applications and scales to support very large simulations.

Victor Shnayder; Mark Hempstead; Bor-rong Chen; Geoff Werner Allen; Matt Welsh

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sensors and Controls Research Sensors and Controls Research The Emerging Technologies team conducts research into technologies related to building sensors and controls. They work with building systems-such as a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems-to analyze energy use and help occupants manage energy costs. Building controls have the potential to reduce building energy consumption by monitoring variables and other inputs, and then automatically responding in a predetermined fashion. Research between the Department of Energy, industry, and laboratories focuses on: Sensors Photo of a ceiling-mounted fire sprinkler. Sensors are designed to help building owners and operators better manage their energy use through automation. Sensors measure predefined variables, such as the amount of natural light coming in through an office window, and then feed this data into a building's control system. The control can then respond by adjusting the various building systems. For example, sensors may note when a person leaves a room and let controls know to turn off the lights, or can ensure that faucets only release water if someone's hand is waved.

495

Thin Silicon MEMS Contact-Stress Sensor  

SciTech Connect

This work offers the first, thin, MEMS contact-stress (CS) sensor capable of accurate in situ measruement of time-varying, contact-stress between two solid interfaces (e.g. in vivo cartilage contact-stress and body armor dynamic loading). This CS sensor is a silicon-based device with a load sensitive diaphragm. The diaphragm is doped to create piezoresistors arranged in a full Wheatstone bridge. The sensor is similar in performance to established silicon pressure sensors, but it is reliably produced to a thickness of 65 {micro}m. Unlike commercial devices or other research efforts, this CS sensor, including packaging, is extremely thin (< 150 {micro}m fully packaged) so that it can be unobtrusively placed between contacting structures. It is built from elastic, well-characterized materials, providing accurate and high-speed (50+ kHz) measurements over a potential embedded lifetime of decades. This work explored sensor designs for an interface load range of 0-2 MPa; however, the CS sensor has a flexible design architecture to measure a wide variety of interface load ranges.

Kotovsky, J; Tooker, A; Horsley, D A

2009-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

496

Modeling a Sensor to Improve its Efficacy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robots rely on sensors to provide them with information about their surroundings. However, high-quality sensors can be extremely expensive and cost-prohibitive. Thus many robotic systems must make due with lower-quality sensors. Here we demonstrate via a case study how modeling a sensor can improve its efficacy when employed within a Bayesian inferential framework. As a test bed we employ a robotic arm that is designed to autonomously take its own measurements using an inexpensive LEGO light sensor to estimate the position and radius of a white circle on a black field. The light sensor integrates the light arriving from a spatially distributed region within its field of view weighted by its Spatial Sensitivity Function (SSF). We demonstrate that by incorporating an accurate model of the light sensor SSF into the likelihood function of a Bayesian inference engine, an autonomous system can make improved inferences about its surroundings. The method presented here is data-based, fairly general, and made with plu...

Malakar, N K; Knuth, K H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Development of Low-cost Hydrogen Sensors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This research was aimed at understanding and improving the speed and reproducibility of our resistive hydrogen sensor, along with complementary efforts in manufacturability and further design improvements. Maskworks we