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1

Ground Source Heat Pumps Ground source heat pumps (GSHPs) use the earth's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground Source Heat Pumps Fact Sheet Ground source heat pumps (GSHPs) use the earth's constant. Waste heat can be used to heat hot water. System Types There are two types of ground source heat pumps, closed loop and open loop systems. Closed loop heat pumps use the earth as the heat source and heat sink

Paulsson, Johan

2

Ground Source Heat Pumps | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Source Heat Pumps Ground Source Heat Pumps (Redirected from Geothermal Heat Pumps) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Ground Source Heat Pumps Geothermal Technologies There are many types of Geothermal Technologies that take advantage of the earth's heat: Hydrothermal Systems Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) Sedimentary Geothermal Systems Co-Produced Geothermal Systems Geothermal Direct Use Ground Source Heat Pumps GSHP Links Related documents and websites An Information Survival Kit for the Prospective Geothemral Heat Pump Owner List of Heat Pumps Incentives List of Ground Source Heat Pumps Incentives Policy Makers' Guidebook for Geothermal Heating and Cooling Various ways to configure a geothermal heat pump system. (Source: The Geo-Heat Center's Survival Kit for the Prospective Geothemral Heat Pump

3

Ground Source Heat Pumps | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Source Heat Pumps Ground Source Heat Pumps Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Ground Source Heat Pumps Geothermal Technologies There are many types of Geothermal Technologies that take advantage of the earth's heat: Hydrothermal Systems Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) Sedimentary Geothermal Systems Co-Produced Geothermal Systems Geothermal Direct Use Ground Source Heat Pumps GSHP Links Related documents and websites An Information Survival Kit for the Prospective Geothemral Heat Pump Owner List of Heat Pumps Incentives List of Ground Source Heat Pumps Incentives Policy Makers' Guidebook for Geothermal Heating and Cooling Various ways to configure a geothermal heat pump system. (Source: The Geo-Heat Center's Survival Kit for the Prospective Geothemral Heat Pump

4

Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program:Ground Source...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program:Ground Source Heat Pumps Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program:Ground Source Heat Pumps A detailled description of the...

5

Numerical simulation of multilayer grounding grids in a user-friendly open-source CAD interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical simulation of multilayer grounding grids in a user-friendly open-source CAD interface Jos application for the in-house computer aided design and analysis of grounding grids. The actual version the equivalent resistance and the step and touch voltage in most large electrical overground substations

Colominas, Ignasi

6

Remote measurement of ground source emissivity  

SciTech Connect

The remote measurement of the emissivity of ground materials is of tremendous value in their identification and mapping. Traditional techniques use reflected solar radiation for this measurement for wavelengths shorter than 5 {mu}m. With the development of new techniques, the 10 Jim atmospheric transmission window might also be used for this purpose. Previous work using the multi-angle data acquisition technique demonstrated its utility to determine source thermal emission. Here we find the multi-angle technique can be used to determine the source specular reflectivity to {approximately}0.05 if there is very good system performance (NETD {approx} 0.01 K).

Henderson, J.R.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

EGGS (Guide for Transmission Line Grounding: A Roadmap for Design Testing and Remediation), Version 2.1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Grounding Guide Software (EGGS), Version 2.1, is calculation/modeling software for transmission line grounding. EGGS Version 2.1, is a set of applets to assist technical staff in the design and implementation of effective grounding of transmission lines and is intended for users who need simple methods to evaluate new or existing transmission line grounding electrode designs. When ordering EGGS 2.1, included will be product 1018973, EPRIs Overhead Transmission Line Lightning and Grounding Refere...

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

8

Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground-Source Heat Pumps to someone by E-mail Ground-Source Heat Pumps to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories

9

New and Underutilized Technology: Commercial Ground Source Heat Pumps |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Ground Source Heat Commercial Ground Source Heat Pumps New and Underutilized Technology: Commercial Ground Source Heat Pumps October 8, 2013 - 2:59pm Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for commercial ground source heat pumps within the Federal sector. Benefits Commercial ground source heat pumps are ground source heat pump with loops that feed multiple packaged heat pumps and a single ground source water loop. Unit capacity is typically 1-10 tons and may be utilized in an array of multiple units to serve a large load. Application Condensing boilers are appropriate for housing, service, office, and research and development applications. Key Factors for Deployment FEMP has made great progress with commercial ground source heat pump technology deployment within the Federal sector. Primary barriers deal with

10

Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground Source Heap Pump Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities

11

Definition: Ground Source Heat Pumps | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pumps Pumps Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ground Source Heat Pumps A Ground Source Heat Pump is a central building heating and/or cooling system that takes advantage of the relatively constant year-round ground temperature to pump heat to or from the ground.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A geothermal heat pump or ground source heat pump (GSHP) is a central heating and/or cooling system that pumps heat to or from the ground. It uses the earth as a heat source (in the winter) or a heat sink (in the summer). This design takes advantage of the moderate temperatures in the ground to boost efficiency and reduce the operational costs of heating and cooling systems, and may be combined with solar heating to form a geosolar system with even greater efficiency. Ground source heat pumps

12

Comparison of energy efficiency between variable refrigerant flow systems and ground source heat pump systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance of ground source heat pump system in a near-zerosimulation tool for ground- source heat pump system designflow systems and ground source heat pump systems Abstract

Hong, Tainzhen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Combined permeable pavement and ground source heat pump systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The PhD thesis focuses on the performance assessment of permeable pavement systems incorporating ground source heat pumps (GSHP). The relatively high variability of temperature in (more)

Grabowiecki, Piotr

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

EVALUATION AND OPTIMIZATION RESEARCH OF GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nowadays energy efficiency and environmental protection have got particular attention. After the sustainable development theory had been put forward decades ago. Ground source heat pump (more)

Zhou, Taian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Ground-Source Heat Pumps Applied to Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

Ground-source heat pumps can provide an energy-efficient, cost-effective way to heat and cool commercial facilities. While ground-source heat pumps are well established in the residential sector, their application in larger, commercial-style, facilities is lagging, in part because of a lack of experience with the technology by those in decision-making positions. Through the use of a ground-coupling system, a conventional water-source heat pump design is transformed to a unique means of utilizing thermodynamic properties of earth and groundwater for efficient operation throughout the year in most climates. In essence, the ground (or groundwater) serves as a heat source during winter operation and a heat sink for summer cooling. Many varieties in design are available, so the technology can be adapted to almost any site. Ground-source heat pump systems can be used widely in commercial-building applications and, with proper installation, offer great potential for the commercial sector, where increased efficiency and reduced heating and cooling costs are important. Ground-source heat pump systems require less refrigerant than conventional air-source heat pumps or air-conditioning systems, with the exception of direct-expansion-type ground-source heat pump systems. This chapter provides information and procedures that an energy manager can use to evaluate most ground-source heat pump applications. Ground-source heat pump operation, system types, design variations, energy savings, and other benefits are explained. Guidelines are provided for appropriate application and installation. Two case studies are presented to give the reader a sense of the actual costs and energy savings. A list of manufacturers and references for further reading are included for prospective users who have specific or highly technical questions not fully addressed in this chapter. Sample case spreadsheets are provided in Appendix A. Additional appendixes provide other information on the ground-source heat pump technology.

Parker, Steven A.; Hadley, Donald L.

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

16

Ground-source Heat Pumps Applied to Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

Ground-source heat pumps can provide an energy-efficient, cost-effective way to heat and cool commercial facilities. While ground-source heat pumps are well established in the residential sector, their application in larger, commercial-style, facilities is lagging, in part because of a lack of experience with the technology by those in decision-making positions. Through the use of a ground-coupling system, a conventional water-source heat pump design is transformed to a unique means of utilizing thermodynamic properties of earth and groundwater for efficient operation throughout the year in most climates. In essence, the ground (or groundwater) serves as a heat source during winter operation and a heat sink for summer cooling. Many varieties in design are available, so the technology can be adapted to almost any site. Ground-source heat pump systems can be used widely in commercial-building applications and, with proper installation, offer great potential for the commercial sector, where increased efficiency and reduced heating and cooling costs are important. Ground-source heat pump systems require less refrigerant than conventional air-source heat pumps or air-conditioning systems, with the exception of direct-expansion-type ground-source heat pump systems. This chapter provides information and procedures that an energy manager can use to evaluate most ground-source heat pump applications. Ground-source heat pump operation, system types, design variations, energy savings, and other benefits are explained. Guidelines are provided for appropriate application and installation. Two case studies are presented to give the reader a sense of the actual costs and energy savings. A list of manufacturers and references for further reading are included for prospective users who have specific or highly technical questions not fully addressed in this chapter. Sample case spreadsheets are provided in Appendix A. Additional appendixes provide other information on the ground-source heat pump technology.

Parker, Steven A.; Hadley, Donald L.

2009-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

17

Super Energy Saver Ground Source Heat Pump  

Source: US Energy Information Administration . 11 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy ... GSHPs are very energy efficient, and the market is

18

Ground Source Heat Pump System Data Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Peer Review Peer Review GSHP System Data Analysis Xiaobing Liu, Ph.D. Oak Ridge National Laboratory liux2@ornl.gov (865-574-2593) 4/3/2013 - GSHP Data Analysis in 1 st phase of U.S.-China CERC-BEE - GSHP ARRA Grantee Data Mining 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: High first cost of ground heat exchangers (GHXs) and lack of knowledge/trust in achievable benefits are major barriers preventing

19

Ground Source Heat Pump System Data Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Peer Review Peer Review GSHP System Data Analysis Xiaobing Liu, Ph.D. Oak Ridge National Laboratory liux2@ornl.gov (865-574-2593) 4/3/2013 - GSHP Data Analysis in 1 st phase of U.S.-China CERC-BEE - GSHP ARRA Grantee Data Mining 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: High first cost of ground heat exchangers (GHXs) and lack of knowledge/trust in achievable benefits are major barriers preventing

20

Ground-Source Heat Pumps for Domestic and Commercial Applications...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground-Source Heat Pumps for Domestic and Commercial Applications in Europe Speaker(s): Gran Hellstrm Date: May 2, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Optimal Design for a Hybrid Ground-Source Heat Pump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although the advantages of ground-source heat pumps over their conventional alternatives make these systems a very attractive choice for air conditioning, not only for residential buildings but increasingly also for institutional and commercial buildings, a significant barrier to wider application of this technology is a high first cost. When used in cooling-dominated buildings, ground-source heat pumps that utilize vertical, closed-loop ground heat exchangers can experience performance degradation as the entering fluid temperature to the heat pump increases over time due to heat buildup in the borefield. In these cases, it is possible to displace a large portion of the system cost by installing a supplemental heat rejecter to balance the annual heat extraction from the ground. The paper presented has shown that the heat rejection of the GLHEs and the system energy consumption are approached to discuss the ground heat balance with different design procedures and control strategies though the system simulation.

Yu, Z.; Yuan, X.; Wang, B.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Random Analysis on Line-Heat Source Temperature Field of Ground Source Heat Pumps Buried Pipes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the random properties of ground-source heat pump (GSHP) system.GSHP buried pipe to Kelvin one-dimensional line source of heat transfer model are discussed. The model randomness is analyzed, and the GSHP buried pipe to random excess temperature ... Keywords: GSHP, Buriedpipe, Line-heat source, Temperature field, Correlation

Changsheng Guan; Zhuodong Liu; Kai Xia; Xuyi Chen

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Study of Operating Control Strategies for Hybrid Ground Source Heat Pump System with Supplemental Cooling Tower  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground source heat pump for cooling-dominated commercial buildings may utilize supplemental cooling towers to reduce system first cost and to improve system performance. The use of hybrid ground source heat pump (HGSP) can reduce the size of the ground-loop ... Keywords: hybrid ground source heat pump, supplement heat rejection, control strategies, operating performance

Wang Jinggang; Gao Xiaoxia; Yin Zhenjiang; Li Fang

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Ground-source heat pump case studies and utility programs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ground-source heat pump systems are one of the promising new energy technologies that has shown rapid increase in usage over the past ten years in the United States. These systems offer substantial benefits to consumers and utilities in energy (kWh) and demand (kW) savings. The purpose of this study was to determine what existing monitored data was available mainly from electric utilities on heat pump performance, energy savings and demand reduction for residential, school and commercial building applications. In order to verify the performance, information was collected for 253 case studies from mainly utilities throughout the United States. The case studies were compiled into a database. The database was organized into general information, system information, ground system information, system performance, and additional information. Information was developed on the status of demand-side management of ground-source heat pump programs for about 60 electric utility and rural electric cooperatives on marketing, incentive programs, barriers to market penetration, number units installed in service area, and benefits.

Lienau, P.J.; Boyd, T.L.; Rogers, R.L.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Ground Source Heat Pump  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects to someone by E-mail Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects on AddThis.com...

26

Multi-angle technique for measurement of ground source emission  

SciTech Connect

TAISIR, the Temperature and Imaging System Infrared, is a nominally satellite based platform for remote sensing of the earth. One of its design features is to acquire atmospheric data simultaneous with ground data, resulting in minimal dependence on external atmospheric models for data correction. One technique we employ to acquire atmospheric data is a true multi-angle data acquisition technique. Previous techniques have used only two angles. Here we demonstrate the advantage of using a large number of viewing angles to overconstrain the inversion problem for critical atmospheric and source parameters. For reasonable data acquisition scenarios, simulations show source temperature errors of less than 1K should be possible. Tradeoffs between flight geometry, number of look angles,, and system signal-to-noise are given for typical parameter ranges.

Henderson, J.R.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Dispersion modeling of ground-level area sources of particulate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of dispersion modeling by State Air Pollution hics. Regulatory Agencies (SAPRAS) is increasing. Dispersion modeling provides a quick and efficient means of determining the downwind impact of pollutant release from a source. The SAPRAS are charged with the task of insuring that public exposure levels of these pollutants are less than the standards set by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Estimating the concentration of pollutant at some distance downwind, in most cases the property line, allows that SAPRAS to determine whether or not a source needs to install additional means of control in order to decrease the rate of pollutant release. One set of models approved for regulatory use by the US EPA is Industrial Source Complex (ISC). ISC includes SCREEN: which is a simple screening model with imbedded meteorological data, and ST3 which is a more refined model requiring meteorological data to be provided. ISC models are based on the concept of Gaussian dispersion. The concentration determined using the ISC models are a result of determining concentrations based on a single wind speed and direction for a one hour time period. The first step in the formulation of a new model was to incorporate smaller time periods into the concentration predictions, in order to account for variation or wind speed and direction within an hour period. For ground-level sources, the vertical distribution involves mathematically dispersing the pollutant underground, then reflecting it back up. The next step taken in the new model development was the incorporation of a triangular distribution in the Medical plane. The triangular distribution is entirely above ground. Once the new model was formulated, a sample modeling procedure was performed in order to compare the behavior of the new model as compared to ISC ST3. Examination of the characteristics of the two models, the meteorological data, and the output from the modeling procedures allows the comparison and contrast of the behavioral characteristics of the two models.

Fritz, Bradley Keith

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Modeling and Experimental Research on Ground-Source Heat Pump in Operation by Neural Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground source Heat Pump(GSHP) is becoming the more and more focus of the worlds attention as a HVAC technique of energy saving and environment protection. This paper first introduced the experiment for Ground-Source water/water Heat Pump. The heat ... Keywords: Ground-Source Heat Pump(GSHP), Neural Network(NN) Predication modeling

Jianping Chen; Zhiwei Lian; Lizheng Tan; Weifeng Zhu; Weiqiang Zhang

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Advanced modeling of vertical ground source heat pumps using finite element techniques.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Increasing energy demand and environmental pollution in United States has been led toward using renewable energy sources over recent decades. Ground-source heat pump systems are (more)

Komari Zadeh, Seyed Omid

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Development of a Residential Ground-Source Integrated Heat Pump  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A residential-size ground-source integrated heat pump (GSIHP) system has been developed and is currently being field tested. The system is a nominal 2-ton (7 kW) cooling capacity, variable-speed unit, which is multi-functional, e.g. space cooling, space heating, dedicated water heating, and simultaneous space cooling and water heating. High-efficiency brushless permanent-magnet (BPM) motors are used for the compressor, indoor blower, and pumps to obtain the highest component performance and system control flexibility. Laboratory test data were used to calibrate a vapor-compression simulation model (HPDM) for each of the four primary modes of operation. The model was used to optimize the internal control options and to simulate the selected internal control strategies, such as controlling to a constant air supply temperature in the space heating mode and a fixed water temperature rise in water heating modes. Equipment performance maps were generated for each operation mode as functions of all independent variables for use in TRNSYS annual energy simulations. These were performed for the GSIHP installed in a well-insulated 2600 ft2(242 m2) house and connected to a vertical ground loop heat exchanger(GLHE). We selected a 13 SEER (3.8 CSPF )/7.7 HSPF (2.3 HSPF, W/W) ASHP unit with 0.90 Energy Factor (EF) resistance water heater as the baseline for energy savings comparisons. The annual energy simulations were conducted over five US climate zones. In addition, appropriate ground loop sizes were determined for each location to meet 10-year minimum and maximum design entering water temperatures (EWTs) to the equipment. The prototype GSIHP system was predicted to use 52 to 59% less energy than the baseline system while meeting total annual space conditioning and water heating loads.

Rice, C Keith [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL; Hern, Shawn [ClimateMaster, Inc.; McDowell, Tim [Thermal Energy System Specialists, LLC; Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL; Shen, Bo [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Performance analysis of a two-stage variable capacity air source heat pump and a horizontal loop coupled ground source heat pump system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The thermal performance of a new two-stage variable capacity air source heat pump (ASHP) and a horizontal ground loop ground source heat pump (GSHP) was (more)

Safa, Amir Alizadeh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Trends in "Green" Design - making ground source heat pumps the system of choice.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ground source heat pump systems have been around for nearly 50 years. The efficiencies that can be achieved today are difficult to match with any (more)

Hasler, Fred L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Implementation and validation of a Ground Source Heat Pump model in MATLAB.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The aim of the project is the implementation of a simple Ground-Source Heat Pump (GSHP) system model in MATLAB. The program is able to run (more)

Casetta, Damien

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Dynamic modeling and control of hybrid ground source heat pump systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ground source heat pump (GSHP) systems are one of the fastest growing applications of renewable energy in the world with annual increases of 10% over (more)

Chen, Chang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Viability Of Hybrid Ground Source Heat Pump System With Solar Thermal Collectors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a study for examining the viability of hybrid ground source heat pump (GSHP) systems that use solar thermal collectors as the supplemental (more)

Rad, Farzin M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Solar Colletors Combined with Ground-Source Heat Pumps in Dwellings - Analyses of System Performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The use of ground-source heat pumps for heating buildings and domestic hot water in dwellings is increasing rapidly in Sweden. The heat pump extracts heat (more)

Kjellsson, Elisabeth

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Comparison of energy efficiency between variable refrigerant flow systems and ground source heat pump systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

comparison of VAV and VRF air conditioning systems in anThe variable refrigerant flow (VRF) and ground source heatthe energy efficiency of VRF systems compared with GSHP

Hong, Tainzhen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Ground Source Integrated Heat Pump (GS-IHP) Development  

SciTech Connect

Between October 2008 and May 2013 ORNL and ClimateMaster, Inc. (CM) engaged in a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to develop a groundsource integrated heat pump (GS-IHP) system for the US residential market. A initial prototype was designed and fabricated, lab-tested, and modeled in TRNSYS (SOLAR Energy Laboratory, et al, 2010) to predict annual performance relative to 1) a baseline suite of equipment meeting minimum efficiency standards in effect in 2006 (combination of air-source heat pump (ASHP) and resistance water heater) and 2) a state-of-the-art (SOA) two-capacity ground-source heat pump with desuperheater water heater (WH) option (GSHPwDS). Predicted total annual energy savings, while providing space conditioning and water heating for a 2600 ft{sup 2} (242 m{sup 2}) house at 5 U.S. locations, ranged from 52 to 59%, averaging 55%, relative to the minimum efficiency suite. Predicted energy use for water heating was reduced 68 to 78% relative to resistance WH. Predicted total annual savings for the GSHPwDS relative to the same baseline averaged 22.6% with water heating energy use reduced by 10 to 30% from desuperheater contributions. The 1st generation (or alpha) prototype design for the GS-IHP was finalized in 2010 and field test samples were fabricated for testing by CM and by ORNL. Two of the alpha units were installed in 3700 ft{sup 2} (345 m{sup 2}) houses at the ZEBRAlliance site in Oak Ridge and field tested during 2011. Based on the steady-state performance demonstrated by the GS-IHPs it was projected that it would achieve >52% energy savings relative to the minimum efficiency suite at this specific site. A number of operational issues with the alpha units were identified indicating design changes needed to the system before market introduction could be accomplished. These were communicated to CM throughout the field test period. Based on the alpha unit test results and the diagnostic information coming from the field test experience, CM developed a 2nd generation (or beta) prototype in 2012. Field test verification units were fabricated and installed at the ZEBRAlliance site in Oak Ridge in May 2012 and at several sites near CM headquarters in Oklahoma. Field testing of the units continued through February 2013. Annual performance analyses of the beta unit (prototype 2) with vertical well ground heat exchangers (GHX) in 5 U.S. locations predict annual energy savings of 57% to 61%, averaging 59% relative to the minimum efficiency suite and 38% to 56%, averaging 46% relative to the SOA GSHPwDS. Based on the steady-state performance demonstrated by the test units it was projected that the 2nd generation units would achieve ~58% energy savings relative to the minimum efficiency suite at the Zebra Alliance site with horizontal GHX. A new product based on the beta unit design was announced by CM in 2012 the Trilogy 40 Q-mode (http://cmdealernet.com/trilogy_40.html). The unit was formally introduced in a March 2012 press release (see Appendix A) and was available for order beginning in December 2012.

Baxter, V. D. [ORNL; Rice, K. [ORNL; Murphy, R. [ORNL; Munk, J. [ORNL; Ally, Moonis [ORNL; Shen, Bo [ORNL; Craddick, William [ORNL; Hearn, Shawn A. [ClimateMaster, Inc.

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

39

ANN and ANFIS models for performance evaluation of a vertical ground source heat pump system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this study is to demonstrate the comparison of an artificial neural network (ANN) and an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) for the prediction performance of a vertical ground source heat pump (VGSHP) system. The VGSHP system using ... Keywords: Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system, Coefficient of performance, Ground source heat pump, Membership functions, Vertical heat exchanger

Hikmet Esen; Mustafa Inalli

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Study on Hybrid Solar Energy and Ground-Source Heat Pump System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aim at the weakness of more influenced by the environment etc. factor and the heat flow density lower when the solar energy was make use of heating, so the design method of the hybrid solar energy and ground-source heat pump is proposed, and the operating ... Keywords: solar energy, ground-source, heat pump, coefficient of performance

Liu Yi; Li Bing-xi; Zhou Yi; Fu Zhong-bin; Xu Xin-hai

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Discussion of an Optimization Scheme for the Ground Source Heat Pump System of HVAC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the implementation of the global sustainable development strategy, people pay more attention to renewable energy resources such as ground source heat pumps. The technology of ground source heat pump is widely applied to heat and cold. It is critical and important to know how to choose the terminal and make it workable. This paper makes a technical and economic comparison of various heating terminals (with the example of a north residential district which adopts ground source heat pump as the cold and heat source) and gets the optimum scheme.

Mu, W.; Wang, S.; Pan, S.; Shi, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Federal Technology Alert: Ground-Source Heat Pumps Applied to Federal Facilities--Second Edition  

SciTech Connect

This Federal Technology Alert, which was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Federal Energy Management Programs, provides the detailed information and procedures that a Federal energy manager needs to evaluate most ground-source heat pump applications. This report updates an earlier report on ground-source heat pumps that was published in September 1995. In the current report, general benefits of this technology to the Federal sector are described, as are ground-source heat pump operation, system types, design variations, energy savings, and other benefits. In addition, information on current manufacturers, technology users, and references for further reading are provided.

Hadley, Donald L.

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Utilization of near-source video and ground motion in the assessment of seismic source functions from mining explosions  

SciTech Connect

Constraint of the operative physical processes in the source region of mining explosions and the linkage to the generation of seismic waveforms provides the opportunity for controlling ground motion. Development of these physical models can also be used in conjunction with the ground motion data as diagnostics of blasting efficiency. In order to properly address the multi-dimensional aspect of data sets designed to constrain these sources, we are investigating a number of modem visualization tools that have only recently become available with new, high-speed graphical computers that can utilize relatively large data sets. The data sets that are combined in the study of mining explosion sources include near-source ground motion acceleration and velocity records, velocity of detonation measurements in each explosive hole, high speed film, video and shot design information.

Stump, B.W. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Anderson, D.P. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps October 7, 2013 - 10:32am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including ground-source heat pumps (GSHPs), which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases

45

Ground Source Heat Pump Data Mining Research Project | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ground Source Heat Pump Data Mining Ground Source Heat Pump Data Mining Research Project Ground Source Heat Pump Data Mining Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research into ground source heat pump (GSHP) data mining. This project seeks to build public awareness of GSHP technology through the development of case studies outlining costs and benefits. Project Description This project seeks to produce in-depth case studies on the costs and benefits of American Recovery and Reinvestment Act -funded GSHP demonstration projects, including cross-cutting summaries of lessons learned and best practices for design, installation, and operation. Project Partners Research is being undertaken between the Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Project Goals

46

Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ground-Source Heat Pumps Ground-Source Heat Pumps Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps October 7, 2013 - 10:32am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including ground-source heat pumps (GSHPs), which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases For the most up-to-date efficiency levels required by ENERGY STAR, look for

47

Heat transfer analysis of thermosiphons and U-tube ground source heat pumps.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ground source thermal energy transport systems have the potential to improve theefficiency of space heating.Two such systems, a thermosiphon and a vertical U-tube system, were (more)

Nakaoka, Joshua

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Ground source heat storage and thermo-physical response of soft clay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground source heat storage can condition buildings with reduced consumption of fossil fuels, an important issue in modem building design. However, seasonal heat storage can cause soil temperature fluctuations and possibly ...

Saxe, Shoshanna Dawn

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

ORNL/TM-2008/232 Geothermal (Ground-Source) Heat Pumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pump water heater and ClimateMaster TrilogyTM 40 Q-ModeTM geothermal (ground- source) integrated heat buildings on the flexible research platforms. · The greatest barrier preventing wider use of geothermal

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

50

Efficient energy supply from ground coupled heat transfer source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing demands of Energy for industrial production and urban facilities, asks for new strategies for Energy sources. In recent years an important problem is to have some energy storage, energy production and energy consumption which fulfill some ... Keywords: heat, thermal aquifer, thermal energy

Maurizio Carlini; Sonia Castellucci

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Supplemental heat rejection in ground source heat pumps for residential houses in Texas and other semi-arid regions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ground source heat pumps (GSHP) are efficient alternatives to air source heat pumps to provide heating and cooling for conditioned buildings. GSHPs are widely deployed (more)

Balasubramanian, Siddharth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Simulation of Hybrid Ground Source Heat Pump Systems and Experimental Validation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid ground source heat pump systems incorporate both ground loop heat exchangers and auxiliary heat rejecters, such as cooling towers, fluid coolers, cooling ponds, or pavement heating systems. The design of the hybrid ground source heat pump system involves many degrees of freedom; e.g. the size of the cooling tower interacts with the control strategy, the ground loop heat exchanger design, and other parameters. This paper presents a simulation of such a system using a direct contact evaporative cooling tower as the supplemental heat rejecter. The simulation is performed in a component-based modeling environment using component models of a vertical ground loop heat exchanger, plate frame heat exchanger, cooling tower, circulating pumps, and heat pumps. Seven months (March to September 2005) of five-minutely experimental data from a hybrid ground source heat pump system were used for validation purposes. The source side of the system consists of two packaged water-to-water heat pumps, a three-borehole ground loop heat exchanger, and a direct contact evaporative cooling tower, isolated by a plate frame heat exchanger. The load side serves two small buildings with hydronic heating and cooling. Experimental validations of each component simulation and the entire system simulation are presented.

Jason E. Gentry; Jeffrey D. Spitler; Daniel E. Fisher; Xiaowei Xu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

A capital cost comparison of commercial ground-source heat pump systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the report is to compare capital costs associated with the three designs of ground source heat pumps. Specifically, the costs considered are those associated with the heat source/heat sink or ground source portion of the system. In order to standardize the heat rejection over the three designs, it was assumed that the heat pump loop would operate at a temperature range of 85{degree} (to the heat pumps) to 95{degree} (from the heat pumps) under peak conditions. The assumption of constant loop temperature conditions for all three permits an apples-to-apples comparison of the alternatives.

Rafferty, K.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Ground-Source Integrated Heat Pump for Near-Zero Energy Houses: Technology Status Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The energy service needs of a net-zero-energy house (ZEH) include space heating and cooling, water heating, ventilation, dehumidification, and humidification, depending on the requirements of the specific location. These requirements differ in significant ways from those of current housing. For instance, the most recent DOE buildings energy data (DOE/BED 2007) indicate that on average {approx}43% of residential buildings primary energy use is for space heating and cooling, vs. {approx}12% for water heating (about a 3.6:1 ratio). In contrast, for the particular prototype ZEH structures used in the analyses in this report, that ratio ranges from about 0.3:1 to 1.6:1 depending on location. The high-performance envelope of a ZEH results in much lower space heating and cooling loads relative to current housing and also makes the house sufficiently air-tight to require mechanical ventilation for indoor air quality. These envelope characteristics mean that the space conditioning load will be closer in size to the water heating load, which depends on occupant behavior and thus is not expected to drop by any significant amount because of an improved envelope. In some locations such as the Gulf Coast area, additional dehumidification will almost certainly be required during the shoulder and cooling seasons. In locales with heavy space heating needs, supplemental humidification may be needed because of health concerns or may be desired for improved occupant comfort. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has determined that achieving their ZEH goal will require energy service equipment that can meet these needs while using 50% less energy than current equipment. One promising approach to meeting this requirement is through an integrated heat pump (IHP) - a single system based on heat pumping technology. The energy benefits of an IHP stem from the ability to utilize otherwise wasted energy; for example, heat rejected by the space cooling operation can be used for water heating. With the greater energy savings the cost of the more energy efficient components required for the IHP can be recovered more quickly than if they were applied to individual pieces of equipment to meet each individual energy service need. An IHP can be designed to use either outdoor air or geothermal resources (e.g., ground, ground water, surface water) as the environmental energy source/sink. Based on a scoping study of a wide variety of possible approaches to meeting the energy service needs for a ZEH, DOE selected the IHP concept as the most promising and has supported research directed toward the development of both air- and ground-source versions. This report describes the ground-source IHP (GS-IHP) design and includes the lessons learned and best practices revealed by the research and development (R&D) effort throughout. Salient features of the GS-IHP include a variable-speed rotary compressor incorporating a brushless direct current permanent magnet motor which provides all refrigerant compression, a variable-speed fan for the indoor section, a multiple-speed ground coil circuit pump, and a single-speed pump for water heating operation. Laboratory IHP testing has thus far used R-22 because of the availability of the needed components that use this refrigerant. It is expected that HFC R-410A will be used for any products arising from the IHP concept. Data for a variable-speed compressor that uses R-410A has been incorporated into the DOE/ORNL Mark VI Heat Pump Design Model (HPDM). HPDM was then linked to TRNSYS, a time-series-dependent simulation model capable of determining the energy use of building cooling and heating equipment as applied to a defined house on a sub-hourly basis. This provided a highly flexible design analysis capability for advanced heat pump equipment; however, the program also took a relatively long time to run. This approach was used with the initial prototype design reported in Murphy et al. (2007a) and in the business case analysis of Baxter (2007).

Murphy, Richard W [ORNL; Rice, C Keith [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL; Craddick, William G [ORNL

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Nano-Optical Device Design with the Use of Open-Source Parallel Version FDTD and Commercial Finite Element Package  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, the implementation of open-source parallel-version FDTD (Finite-Difference-Time-Domain) software, MEEP, on Texas A&M supercomputers and commercial finite element package, COMSOL, on a single workstation for the design design of nano-optical device is reported. The the computer architecture and performance of both numerical methods on the same design will be briefly described.

Liu, Y

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Hybrid Ground Source Heat Pump System Simulation Using Visual Modeling Tool For Hvacsim  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a simulation of a hybrid ground source heat pump system, performed using a new graphical user interface for HVACSIM+. Hybrid ground source heat pump systems incorporate both ground loop heat exchangers and supplemental heat rejecters, such as cooling towers, cooling ponds, or pavement heating systems. HVACSIM+ capabilities have recently been extended by the addition of ground loop heat exchanger models, water-to-water and waterto-air heat pump models, pavement heating system models, and heat rejection pond models. New component models are discussed and a hybrid ground source heat pump system with heated pavement as a supplemental cooler is simulated using the visual modeling tool. First, though, an introduction to a new graphical user interface for HVACSIM+ is given. The user interface that originally came with the program could not be characterized as user-friendly. The new graphical interface allows users to develop system models by hooking components together. Provisions for controlling the simulation, setting the component parameters, editing the boundary file, and plotting the output are also included.

M. H. Khan; A. Varanasi; J. D. Spitler; D. E. Fisher; R. D. Delahoussaye

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Designing, selecting and installing a residential ground-source heat pump system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It's a compelling proposition: Use the near-constant-temperature heat underground to heat and cool your home and heat domestic water, slashing your energy bills. Yet despite studies demonstrating significant energy savings from ground-source heat pump (GSHP) systems, their adoption has been hindered by high upfront costs. Fewer than 1% of US homes use a GSHP system. However, compared to a minimum-code-compliant conventional space-conditioning system, when properly designed and installed, a GSHP retrofit at current market prices offers simple payback of 4.3 years on national average, considering existing federal tax credits. Most people understand how air-source heat pumps work: they move heat from indoor air to outdoor air when cooling and from outdoor air to indoor air when heating. The ground-source heat pump operates on the same principle, except that it moves heat to or from the ground source instead of outdoor air. The ground source is usually a vertical or horiontal ground heat exchanger. Because the ground usually has a more favorable temperature than ambient air for the heating and cooling operation of the vapor-compression refrigeration cycle, GSHP sysems can operate with much higher energy efficiencies than air-source heat pump systems when properly designed and installed. A GSHP system used in a residual building typically provides space conditioning and hot water and comprises three major components: a water-source heat pump unit designed to operate at a wider range of entering fluid temperatures (typically from 30 F to 110 F, or 1 C to 43 C) than a conventional water-source heat pump unit; a ground heat exchanger (GHX); and distribution systems to deliver hot water to the storage tank and heating or cooling to the conditioned rooms. In most residual GSHP systems, the circulation pumps and associated valves are integrated with the heat pump to circulate the heat-carrier fluid (water or aqueous antifreeze solution) through the heat pump and the GHX. A recent assessment indicates that if 20% of US homes replaced their existing space-conditioning and water-heating systems with properly designed, installed and operated state-of-the-art GSHP systems, it would yield significant benefits each year. These include 0.8 quad British thermal units (Btu) of primary energy savings, 54.3 million metric tons of CO{sub 2} emission reductions, $10.4 billion in energy cost savings and 43.2 gigawatts of reduction in summer peak electrical demand.

Hughes, Patrick [ORNL; Liu, Xiaobing [ORNL; Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Ground Source Heat Pump Sub-Slab Heat Exchange Loop Performance in a Cold Climate  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a cold-climate project that examines an alternative approach to ground source heat pump (GSHP) ground loop design. The innovative ground loop design is an attempt to reduce the installed cost of the ground loop heat exchange portion of the system by containing the entire ground loop within the excavated location beneath the basement slab. Prior to the installation and operation of the sub-slab heat exchanger, energy modeling using TRNSYS software and concurrent design efforts were performed to determine the size and orientation of the system. One key parameter in the design is the installation of the GSHP in a low-load home, which considerably reduces the needed capacity of the ground loop heat exchanger. This report analyzes data from two cooling seasons and one heating season. Upon completion of the monitoring phase, measurements revealed that the initial TRNSYS simulated horizontal sub-slab ground loop heat exchanger fluid temperatures and heat transfer rates differed from the measured values. To determine the cause of this discrepancy, an updated model was developed utilizing a new TRNSYS subroutine for simulating sub-slab heat exchangers. Measurements of fluid temperature, soil temperature, and heat transfer were used to validate the updated model.

Mittereder, N.; Poerschke, A.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Feasibility Study of Using Ground Source Heat Pumps in Two Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The building is located near the end of the central steam distribution system. Steam from the central steam and Mt. Olympus BOQ) presently heated by steam from the central steam plant. Ground source heat pump, it was assumed that natural gas-fired water heaters would replace the steam converters that presently provide hot

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

60

A Simple Analytic Approximation of the Ground-Level Concentration for Elevated Line Sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By an analytical treatment of the advection-diffusion equation, the upper and lower bounds of the ground-level concentration (glc) have been found for a continuous, elevated line source. These two bounds have been used to construct a Fickian-type ...

Renzo Lupini; Tiziano Tirabassi

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Efficiency, Economic and Environmental Assessment of Ground Source Heat Pumps in Central Pennsylvania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energy use of a ground-source heat pump (GSP) for heating, cooling and hot water in a Central Pennsylvania residence (namely, the author's house) is analyzed, compared to a simulation of electricity and a heating-oil furnace (with electric cooling) ...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Field Test of High Efficiency Residential Buildings with Ground-source and Air-source Heat Pump Systems  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the field performance of space conditioning and water heating equipment in four single-family residential structures with advanced thermal envelopes. Each structure features a different, advanced thermal envelope design: structural insulated panel (SIP); optimum value framing (OVF); insulation with embedded phase change materials (PCM) for thermal storage; and exterior insulation finish system (EIFS). Three of the homes feature ground-source heat pumps (GSHPs) for space conditioning and water heating while the fourth has a two-capacity air-source heat pump (ASHP) and a heat pump water heater (HPWH). Two of the GCHP-equipped homes feature horizontal ground heat exchange (GHX) loops that utillize the existing foundation and utility service trenches while the third features a vertical borehole with vertical u-tube GHX. All of the houses were operated under the same simulated occupancy conditions. Operational data on the house HVAC/Water heating (WH) systems are presented and factors influencing overall performance are summarized.

Ally, Moonis Raza [ORNL; Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

US Department of Energy Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action ground water Project. Revision 1, Version 1: Final project plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The scope of the Project is to develop and implement a ground water compliance strategy for all 24 UMTRA processing sites. The compliance strategy for the processing sites must satisfy requirements of the proposed EPA ground water cleanup standards in 40 CFR Part 192, Subparts B and C (1988). This scope of work will entail the following activities, on a site-specific basis: Development of a compliance strategy based upon modification of the UMTRA Surface Project remedial action plans (RAP) or development of Ground Water Project RAPs with NRC and state or tribal concurrence on the RAP; implementation of the RAP to include establishment of institutional controls, where appropriate; institution of long-term verification monitoring for transfer to a separate DOE program on or before the Project end date; and preparation of completion reports and final licensing on those sites that will be completed prior to the Project end date.

Not Available

1993-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

64

Research on the Applicability of Solar Energy-Ground Source Heat Pump in Different Regions of China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development potential of solar energy resource, cLimatic characteristics and soil temperature conditions are various in different areas of China, which brings some difficulties in the promotion and appLication of solar energy-ground source heat pump ... Keywords: Solar energy-ground source heat pump (GSHP), Solar radiation, Sharacteristics of soil thermal storage, Geographic features

Dongyi Zhou; Chu-ping Shi; Wen-hua Yuan

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Ground-Source Heat Pumps Applied to Federal Facilities, Second Edition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

E E N E R G Y M A N A G E M E N T P R O G R A M and exterior to the facility, are typically less than those for conventional systems. Potential Application The technology has been shown to be techni- cally valid and economically attractive in many applications. It is efficient and effective. This Federal Technology Alert reports on the collec- tive experience of heat pump users and evalua- tors and provides application guidance. An estimated 400,000 ground-source heat pumps are operating in the private and public sector, although most of these systems operate in resi- dential applications. A ground-source heat pump system can be applied in virtually any category of climate or building. The large num- ber of installations testifies to the stability of this technology. The reported problems can

66

Application Analysis of Ground Source Heat Pumps in Building Space Conditioning  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Application Analysis of Ground Source Heat Application Analysis of Ground Source Heat Pumps in Building Space Conditioning Hua Qian 1,2 , Yungang Wang 2 1 School of Energy and Environment Southeast University Nanjing, 210096, China 2 Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, CA 94720, USA July 2013 The project was supported by National Key Technology Supported Program of China (2011BAJ03B10-1) and by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the

67

Ground-Source Heat Pumps Applied to Federal Facilities, Second Edition  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and exterior to the facility, are typically less and exterior to the facility, are typically less than those for conventional systems. Potential Application The technology has been shown to be techni- cally valid and economically attractive in many applications. It is efficient and effective. This Federal Technology Alert reports on the collec- tive experience of heat pump users and evalua- tors and provides application guidance. An estimated 400,000 ground-source heat pumps are operating in the private and public sector, although most of these systems operate in resi- dential applications. A ground-source heat pump system can be applied in virtually any category of climate or building. The large num- ber of installations testifies to the stability of this technology. The reported problems can usually be attributed to faulty design or

68

Ground and Water Source Heat Pump Performance and Design for Southern Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground and water source heat pump systems have very attractive performance characteristics when properly designed and installed. These systems typically consist of a water-to-air or water-to-water heat pump linked to a closed loop vertical or horizontal ground-coupling, an open groundwater loop, or a surface water loop. This paper discusses system performance characteristics, component selection procedures presently being used, improvements currently being considered and future possibilities for improved efficiency and reliability. Optimum designs require proper matching of the heat pump unit to the water circulation system, the building space heating/cooling load and water heating requirements. General trends resulting from system and component choices will be discussed. Water heating methods with these heat pumps will be considered.

Kavanaugh, S.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Finite Volume Based Computer Program for Ground Source Heat Pump System  

SciTech Connect

This report is a compilation of the work that has been done on the grant DE-EE0002805 entitled ?Finite Volume Based Computer Program for Ground Source Heat Pump Systems.? The goal of this project was to develop a detailed computer simulation tool for GSHP (ground source heat pump) heating and cooling systems. Two such tools were developed as part of this DOE (Department of Energy) grant; the first is a two-dimensional computer program called GEO2D and the second is a three-dimensional computer program called GEO3D. Both of these simulation tools provide an extensive array of results to the user. A unique aspect of both these simulation tools is the complete temperature profile information calculated and presented. Complete temperature profiles throughout the ground, casing, tube wall, and fluid are provided as a function of time. The fluid temperatures from and to the heat pump, as a function of time, are also provided. In addition to temperature information, detailed heat rate information at several locations as a function of time is determined. Heat rates between the heat pump and the building indoor environment, between the working fluid and the heat pump, and between the working fluid and the ground are computed. The heat rates between the ground and the working fluid are calculated as a function time and position along the ground loop. The heating and cooling loads of the building being fitted with a GSHP are determined with the computer program developed by DOE called ENERGYPLUS. Lastly COP (coefficient of performance) results as a function of time are provided. Both the two-dimensional and three-dimensional computer programs developed as part of this work are based upon a detailed finite volume solution of the energy equation for the ground and ground loop. Real heat pump characteristics are entered into the program and used to model the heat pump performance. Thus these computer tools simulate the coupled performance of the ground loop and the heat pump. The price paid for the three-dimensional detail is the large computational times required with GEO3D. The computational times required for GEO2D are reasonable, a few minutes for a 20 year simulation. For a similar simulation, GEO3D takes days of computational time. Because of the small simulation times with GEO2D, a number of attractive features have been added to it. GEO2D has a user friendly interface where inputs and outputs are all handled with GUI (graphical user interface) screens. These GUI screens make the program exceptionally easy to use. To make the program even easier to use a number of standard input options for the most common GSHP situations are provided to the user. For the expert user, the option still exists to enter their own detailed information. To further help designers and GSHP customers make decisions about a GSHP heating and cooling system, cost estimates are made by the program. These cost estimates include a payback period graph to show the user where their GSHP system pays for itself. These GSHP simulation tools should be a benefit to the advancement of GSHP systems.

Menart, James A. [Wright State University] [Wright State University

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

70

Recovery Act: Finite Volume Based Computer Program for Ground Source Heat Pump Systems  

SciTech Connect

This report is a compilation of the work that has been done on the grant DE-EE0002805 entitled ???¢????????Finite Volume Based Computer Program for Ground Source Heat Pump Systems.???¢??????? The goal of this project was to develop a detailed computer simulation tool for GSHP (ground source heat pump) heating and cooling systems. Two such tools were developed as part of this DOE (Department of Energy) grant; the first is a two-dimensional computer program called GEO2D and the second is a three-dimensional computer program called GEO3D. Both of these simulation tools provide an extensive array of results to the user. A unique aspect of both these simulation tools is the complete temperature profile information calculated and presented. Complete temperature profiles throughout the ground, casing, tube wall, and fluid are provided as a function of time. The fluid temperatures from and to the heat pump, as a function of time, are also provided. In addition to temperature information, detailed heat rate information at several locations as a function of time is determined. Heat rates between the heat pump and the building indoor environment, between the working fluid and the heat pump, and between the working fluid and the ground are computed. The heat rates between the ground and the working fluid are calculated as a function time and position along the ground loop. The heating and cooling loads of the building being fitted with a GSHP are determined with the computer program developed by DOE called ENERGYPLUS. Lastly COP (coefficient of performance) results as a function of time are provided. Both the two-dimensional and three-dimensional computer programs developed as part of this work are based upon a detailed finite volume solution of the energy equation for the ground and ground loop. Real heat pump characteristics are entered into the program and used to model the heat pump performance. Thus these computer tools simulate the coupled performance of the ground loop and the heat pump. The price paid for the three-dimensional detail is the large computational times required with GEO3D. The computational times required for GEO2D are reasonable, a few minutes for a 20 year simulation. For a similar simulation, GEO3D takes days of computational time. Because of the small simulation times with GEO2D, a number of attractive features have been added to it. GEO2D has a user friendly interface where inputs and outputs are all handled with GUI (graphical user interface) screens. These GUI screens make the program exceptionally easy to use. To make the program even easier to use a number of standard input options for the most common GSHP situations are provided to the user. For the expert user, the option still exists to enter their own detailed information. To further help designers and GSHP customers make decisions about a GSHP heating and cooling system, cost estimates are made by the program. These cost estimates include a payback period graph to show the user where their GSHP system pays for itself. These GSHP simulation tools should be a benefit to the advancement of GSHP system

James A Menart, Professor

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

71

Study of the design Method of an Efficient Ground Source Heat Pump Thermal Source System in a Cold Area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ground source heat pump (GSHP) system-an energy efficiency and environment friendly system-is becoming popular in many parts of China. However, an imbalance usually exists between the annual heat extracted from and rejected to the ground due to the different heating and cooling load of a building, which will consistently deteriorate the heat pump efficiency leading even to the breakdown of the heat pump. This paper brings forward a design method of adding supplemental heat rejection equipment, a cooling tower, in the system to solve the problem in a cold area. Taking an office building in Beijing as an example, the authors simulate the GSHP system with two different connection methods between the cooling tower and vertical buried-pipe heat exchangers (in series and in parallel) using TRNSYS simulation software, and put forward several design schemes that can ensure the whole system continually operates with high efficiency. This also makes it possible to perform a more detailed economic optimization of the GSHP-based system in the future.

Shu, H.; Duanmu, L.; Hua, R.; Zou, Y.; Du, G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Proposed Design for a Coupled Ground-Source Heat Pump/Energy Recovery Ventilator System to Reduce Building Energy Demand.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The work presented in this thesis focuses on reducing the energy demand of a residential building by using a coupled ground-source heat pump/energy recovery ventilation (more)

McDaniel, Matthew Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

A comparison of ground source heat pumps and micro-combined heat and power as residential greenhouse gas reduction strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Both ground source heat pumps operating on electricity and micro-combined heat and power systems operating on fossil fuels offer potential for the reduction of green house gas emissions in comparison to the conventional ...

Guyer, Brittany (Brittany Leigh)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

A Novel Integrated Frozen Soil Thermal Energy Storage and Ground-Source Heat Pump System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, a novel integrated frozen soil thermal energy storage and ground-source heat pump (IFSTS&GSHP) system in which the GHE can act as both cold thermal energy storage device and heat exchanger for GSHP is first presented. The IFSTS&GSHP system can serve as cold energy thermal storage at night, produce chilled water in the daytime in summer and provide hot water for heating in winter. This is followed by its schematic and characteristic description. Then the various operation modes of such system according to different operational strategies are demonstrated in sequence. The system, firstly seen in open literature, is energy-saving, environmental-friendly and promising in the field of air-conditioning systems, and will help solve the problems currently existing with the GSHP system and ITES air conditioning system.

Jiang, Y.; Yao, Y.; Rong, L.; Ma, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

PARAMETRIC STUDY OF GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEM FOR HOT AND HUMID CLMATE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U-tube sizes and varied thermal conductivity with different grout materials are studied based on the benchmark residential building in Hot-humid Pensacola, Florida. In this study, the benchmark building is metered and the data is used to validate the simulation model. And a list of comparative simulation cases with varied parameter value are simulated to study the importance of pipe size and grout to the ground source heat pump energy consumption. The simulation software TRNSYS [1] is employed to fulfill this task. The results show the preliminary energy saving based on varied parameters. Future work needs to be conducted for the cost analysis, include the installation cost from contractor and materials cost.

Jiang Zhu; Yong X. Tao

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Focus group discussions among owners and non-owners of ground source heat pumps  

SciTech Connect

This research was sponsored by the Office of Buildings and Community Systems and conducted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory as part of an ongoing effort to enhance the commercial use of federally developed technology. Federal dollars have supported research on the development of ground source heat pumps (GSHP) for several years. Though several companies currently sell GSHP's for residential use, their share of the total heating and air conditioning business remains less than one percent. Large manufacturing companies with national distribution have not yet added GSHP equipment to their product line. GSHP's use only about one half (Braud 1987) to one third (Bose 1987) of the energy needed to operate conventional furnaces and air conditioners. Consequently, a high level of market penetration by the GSHP offers direct benefits to both utility companies and individual users of the systems. Widespread use of these highly efficient systems will reduce both total energy consupmtion, and problems associated with high levels of energy use during peak periods. This will allow utility companies to delay capital expenditures for new facilities to meet the growing energy demand during peak periods. The cost effective use of electricity also reduces the likelihood of homeowners switching to a different fuel source for heating. 5 refs.

Roberson, B.F.

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Development of an integrated building load-ground source heat pump model as a test bed to assess short- and long-term heat pump and ground loop performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ground source heat pumps (GSHP) have the ability to significantly reduce the energy required to heat and cool buildings. Historically, deployment of GSHP's in the (more)

Gaspredes, Jonathan Louis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Geothermal (Ground-Source) Heat Pumps: Market Status, Barriers to Adoption, and Actions to Overcome Barriers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More effective stewardship of our resources contributes to the security, environmental sustainability, and economic well-being of the nation. Buildings present one of the best opportunities to economically reduce energy consumption and limit greenhouse gas emissions. Geothermal heat pump systems (GHPs), sometimes called ground-source heat pump or Geo-Exchange systems, have been proven capable of producing large reductions in energy use and peak demand in buildings. However, GHPs have received little attention at the policy level as an important component of a national energy and climate strategy. Have policymakers mistakenly overlooked GHPs, or are GHPs simply unable to make a major contribution to the national goals for various reasons? This brief study was undertaken at DOE s request to address this conundrum. The scope of the study includes determining the status of global GHP markets and the status of the GHP industry and technology in the United States, assembling previous estimates of GHP energy savings potential and other benefits, identifying key barriers to application of GHPs, and identifying actions that could accelerate market adoption of GHPs. The findings are documented in a report along with conclusions and recommendations. This paper summarizes the key information from the report.

Hughes, Patrick [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Geothermal(Ground-Source)Heat Pumps: Market Status, Barriers to Adoption, and Actions to Overcome Barriers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More effective stewardship of our resources contributes to the security, environmental sustainability, and economic well-being of the nation. Buildings present one of the best opportunities to economically reduce energy consumption and limit greenhouse gas emissions. Geothermal heat pumps (GHPs), sometimes called ground-source heat pumps, have been proven capable of producing large reductions in energy use and peak demand in buildings. However, GHPs have received little attention at the policy level as an important component of a national strategy. Have policymakers mistakenly overlooked GHPs, or are GHPs simply unable to make a major contribution to the national goals for various reasons? This brief study was undertaken at DOE's request to address this conundrum. The scope of the study includes determining the status of global GHP markets and the status of the GHP industry and technology in the United States, assembling previous estimates of GHP energy savings potential, identifying key barriers to application of GHPs, and identifying actions that could accelerate market adoption of GHPs. The findings are documented in this report along with conclusions and recommendations.

Hughes, Patrick [ORNL

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Hybrid Ground-Source Heat Pump Installations: Experiences, Improvements, and Tools  

SciTech Connect

One innovation to ground-source heat pump (GSHP, or GHP) systems is the hybrid GSHP (HyGSHP) system, which can dramatically decrease the first cost of GSHP systems by using conventional technology (such as a cooling tower or a boiler) to meet a portion of the peak heating or cooling load. This work uses three case studies (two cooling-dominated, one heating-dominated) to demonstrate the performance of the hybrid approach. Three buildings were studied for a year; the measured data was used to validate models of each system. The models were used to analyze further improvements to the hybrid approach, and establish that this approach has positive impacts, both economically and environmentally. Lessons learned by those who design and operate the systems are also documented, including discussions of equipment sizing, pump operation, and cooling tower control. Finally, the measured data sets and models that were created during this work are described; these materials have been made freely available for further study of hybrid systems.

Scott Hackel; Amanda Pertzborn

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Update on maintenance and service costs of commercial building ground-source heat pump systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An earlier paper showed that commercial ground-source heat pump systems have significantly lower service and maintenance costs than alternative HVAC systems. This paper expands on those results by adding 13 more buildings to the original 25 sites and by comparing the results to the latest ASHRAE survey of HVAC maintenance costs. Data from the 38 sites are presented here including total (scheduled and unscheduled) maintenance costs in cents per square foot per year for base cost, in-house, and contractor-provided maintenance. Because some of the new sites had maintenance costs that were much higher than the industry norm, the resulting data are not normally distributed. Analysis (O'Hara Hines 1998) indicated that a log-normal distribution is a better fit; thus, the data are analyzed and presented here as log-normal. The log-mean annual total maintenance costs for the most recent year of the survey ranged from 6.07 cents per square foot to 8.37 cents per square foot for base cost and contractor-provided maintenance, respectively.

Cane, D.; Garnet, J.M.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

In-Depth Look at Ground Source Heat Pumps and Other Electric Loads in Two GreenMax Homes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

CARB partnered with WPPI Energy to answer key research questions on in-field performance of ground-source heat pumps and LAMELs through extensive field monitoring at two WPPI GreenMax demonstration homes in Wisconsin. These two test home evaluations provided valuable data on the true in-field performance of various building mechanical systems and lighting, appliances, and miscellaneous loads (LAMELs).

Puttagunta, S.; Shapiro, C.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Exergy and Energy analysis of a ground-source heat pump for domestic water heating under simulated occupancy conditions  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents detailed analysis of a water to water ground source heat pump (WW-GSHP) to provide all the hot water needs in a 345 m2 house located in DOE climate zone 4 (mixed-humid). The protocol for hot water use is based on the Building America Research Benchmark Definition (Hendron 2008; Hendron and Engebrecht 2010) which aims to capture the living habits of the average American household and its impact on energy consumption. The entire house was operated under simulated occupancy conditions. Detailed energy and exergy analysis provides a complete set of information on system efficiency and sources of irreversibility, the main cause of wasted energy. The WW-GSHP was sized at 5.275 kW (1.5-ton) for this house and supplied hot water to a 303 L (80 gal) water storage tank. The WW-GSHP shared the same ground loop with a 7.56 kW (2.1-ton) water to air ground source heat pump (WA-GSHP) which provided space conditioning needs to the entire house. Data, analyses, and measures of performance for the WW-GSHP in this paper complements the results of the WA-GSHP published in this journal (Ally, Munk et al. 2012). Understanding the performance of GSHPs is vital if the ground is to be used as a viable renewable energy resource.

Ally, Moonis Raza [ORNL; Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL; Gehl, Anthony C [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

HYBRID GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEM SIMULATION USING VISUAL MODELING TOOL FOR HVACSIM+  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incorporate both ground loop heat exchangers and supplemental heat rejecters, such as cooling towers, cooling-to-air heat pump (Yavuzturk 2000), heated pavement systems (Chiasson, et al. 2000a), shallow cooling ponds

85

Experimental Study on Operating Characteristic of the System of Ground Source Heat Pump Combined with Floor Radiant Heating of Capillary Tube  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At first, the article presented particularly the working theory of the system of ground source heat pump combined with floor radiant heating of capillary tube, the characteristic of soil layers and the arrangement form of capillary tube mat and the floor ... Keywords: Ground source heat pump, Capillary tube, Radiant heating, Characteristic, Experiment

Yunzhun Fu; Cai Yingling; Jing Li; Yeyu Wang

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Foundation heat exchangers for residential ground source heat pump systems Numerical modeling and experimental validation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new type of ground heat exchanger that utilizes the excavation often made for basements or foundations has been proposed as an alternative to conventional ground heat exchangers. This article describes a numerical model that can be used to size these foundation heat exchanger (FHX) systems. The numerical model is a two-dimensional finite-volume model that considers a wide variety of factors, such as soil freezing and evapotranspiration. The FHX numerical model is validated with one year of experimental data collected at an experimental house located near Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The model shows good agreement with the experimental data-heat pump entering fluid temperatures typically within 1 C (1.8 F) - with minor discrepancies due to approximations, such as constant moisture content throughout the year, uniform evapotranspiration over the seasons, and lack of ground shading in the model.

Xing, Lu [Oklahoma State University; Cullin, James [Oklahoma State University; Spitler, Jeffery [Oklahoma State University; Im, Piljae [ORNL; Fisher, Daniel [Oklahoma State University

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Pre-shot simulations of far-field ground motion for the Source Physics Experiment (SPE) Explosions at the Climax Stock, Nevada National Security Site: SPE2  

SciTech Connect

The Source Physics Experiment (SPE) is planning a 1000 kg (TNT equivalent) shot (SPE2) at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) in a granite borehole at a depth (canister centroid) of 45 meters. This shot follows an earlier shot of 100 kg in the same borehole at a depth 60 m. Surrounding the shotpoint is an extensive array of seismic sensors arrayed in 5 radial lines extending out 2 km to the north and east and approximately 10-15 to the south and west. Prior to SPE1, simulations using a finite difference code and a 3D numerical model based on the geologic setting were conducted, which predicted higher amplitudes to the south and east in the alluvium of Yucca Flat along with significant energy on the transverse components caused by scattering within the 3D volume along with some contribution by topographic scattering. Observations from the SPE1 shot largely confirmed these predictions although the ratio of transverse energy relative to the vertical and radial components was in general larger than predicted. A new set of simulations has been conducted for the upcoming SPE2 shot. These include improvements to the velocity model based on SPE1 observations as well as new capabilities added to the simulation code. The most significant is the addition of a new source model within the finite difference code by using the predicted ground velocities from a hydrodynamic code (GEODYN) as driving condition on the boundaries of a cube embedded within WPP which provides a more sophisticated source modeling capability linked directly to source site materials (e.g. granite) and type and size of source. Two sets of SPE2 simulations are conducted, one with a GEODYN source and 3D complex media (no topography node spacing of 5 m) and one with a standard isotropic pre-defined time function (3D complex media with topography, node spacing of 5 m). Results were provided as time series at specific points corresponding to sensor locations for both translational (x,y,z) and rotational components. Estimates of spectral scaling for SPE2 are provided using a modified version of the Mueller-Murphy model. An estimate of expected aftershock probabilities were also provided, based on the methodology of Ford and Walter, [2010].

Mellors, R J; Rodgers, A; Walter, W; Ford, S; Xu, H; Matzel, E; Myers, S; Petersson, N A; Sjogreen, B; Hauk, T; Wagoner, J

2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

88

Simulation of Photovoltaic Panel Production as Complement to Ground Source Heat Pump System.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This master thesis presents a new technological combination of two environmentally friendly sources of energy in order to provide DHW, and space heating. Solar (more)

Badri, Seyed Ali Mohammad

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

NIST Elemental Data Index Version History  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... RA (2011), Elemental Data Index (version 2.2). ... the Ground Levels and Ionization Energies for the ... to two new, online databases: "Energy Levels of ...

2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

90

Residential Ground Source Heat Pumps with Integrated Domestic Hot Water Generation: Performance Results from Long-Term Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

Ground source heat pumps (GSHPs) show promise for reducing house energy consumption, and a desuperheater can potentially further reduce energy consumption where the heat pump from the space conditioning system creates hot water. Two unoccupied houses were instrumented to document the installed operational space conditioning and water heating efficiency of their GSHP systems. This paper discusses instrumentation methods and field operation characteristics of the GSHPs, compares manufacturers' values of the coefficients of performance calculated from field measured data for the two GSHPs, and compares the measured efficiency of the desuperheater system to other domestic hot water systems.

Stecher, D.; Allison, K.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Integrated Heat Pump (IHP) System Development - Air-Source IHP Control Strategy and Specifications and Ground-Source IHP Conceptual Design  

SciTech Connect

The integrated heat pump (IHP), as one appliance, can provide space cooling, heating, ventilation, and dehumidification while maintaining comfort and meeting domestic water heating needs in near-zero-energy home (NZEH) applications. In FY 2006 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) completed development of a control strategy and system specification for an air-source IHP. The conceptual design of a ground-source IHP was also completed. Testing and analysis confirm the potential of both IHP concepts to meet NZEH energy services needs while consuming 50% less energy than a suite of equipment that meets current minimum efficiency requirements. This report is in fulfillment of an FY06 DOE Building Technologies (BT) Joule Milestone.

Murphy, Richard W [ORNL; Rice, C Keith [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Comparison of Aermod and ISCST3 Models for Particulate Emissions from Ground Level Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emission factors (EFs) and results from dispersion models are key components in the air pollution regulatory process. The EPA preferred regulatory model changed from ISCST3 to AERMOD in November, 2007. Emission factors are used in conjunction with dispersion models to predict 24-hour concentrations that are compared to National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for determining the required control systems in permitting sources. This change in regulatory models has had an impact on the regulatory process and the industries regulated. In this study, EFs were developed for regulated particulate matter PM10 and PM2.5 from cotton harvesting. Measured concentrations of TSP and PM10 along with meteorological data were used in conjunction with the dispersion models ISCST3 and AERMOD, to determine the emission fluxes from cotton harvesting. The goal of this research was to document differences in emission factors as a consequence of the models used. The PM10 EFs developed for two-row and six-row pickers were 154 + 43 kg/km2 and 425 + 178 kg/km2, respectively. From the comparison between AERMOD and ISCST3, it was observed that AERMOD EFs were 1.8 times higher than ISCST3 EFs for Emission factors (EFs) and results from dispersion models are key components in the air pollution regulatory process. The EPA preferred regulatory model changed from ISCST3 to AERMOD in November, 2007. Emission factors are used in conjunction with dispersion models to predict 24-hour concentrations that are compared to National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for determining the required control systems in permitting sources. This change in regulatory models has had an impact on the regulatory process and the industries regulated. In this study, EFs were developed for regulated particulate matter PM10 and PM2.5 from cotton harvesting. Measured concentrations of TSP and PM10 along with meteorological data were used in conjunction with the dispersion models ISCST3 and AERMOD, to determine the emission fluxes from cotton harvesting. The goal of this research was to document differences in emission factors as a consequence of the models used. The PM10 EFs developed for two-row and six-row pickers were 154 + 43 kg/km2 and 425 + 178 kg/km2, respectively. From the comparison between AERMOD and ISCST3, it was observed that AERMOD EFs were 1.8 times higher than ISCST3 EFs for absence of solar radiation. Using AERMOD predictions of pollutant concentrations off property for regulatory purposes will likely affect a source?s ability to comply with limits set forth by State Air Pollution Regulatory Agencies (SAPRAs) and could lead to inappropriate regulation of the source.

Botlaguduru, Venkata Sai V.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Summary of ground water and surface water flow and contaminant transport computer codes used at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect

This report presents information on computer codes for numerical and analytical models that have been used at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) to model ground water and surface water flow and contaminant transport. Organizations conducting modeling at the INEL include: EG&G Idaho, Inc., US Geological Survey, and Westinghouse Idaho Nuclear Company. Information concerning computer codes included in this report are: agency responsible for the modeling effort, name of the computer code, proprietor of the code (copyright holder or original author), validation and verification studies, applications of the model at INEL, the prime user of the model, computer code description, computing environment requirements, and documentation and references for the computer code.

Bandy, P.J.; Hall, L.F.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Impacts of Soil and Pipe Thermal Conductivity on Performance of Horizontal Pipe in a Ground-source Heat Pump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper the composition and thermal property of soil are discussed. The main factors that impact the soil thermal conductivity and several commonly-used pipe materials are studied. A model of heat exchanger with horizontal pipes of ground-source heat pump is developed. The impact of soil thermal conductivity and pipe thermal conductivity on the soil temperature field around the buried pipe, and the thermal performance of the heat exchanger are simulated. The simulation results show that with the increase of soil thermal conductivity, heat transfer quantity obviously increases, and the temperature of soil around pipe decrease under winter conditions. The temperature field varies relatively faster with thermal conductivity in the site nearer to the buried pipe. With the increase of pipe thermal conductivity, heat transfer quantity and the mean temperature of the buried pipe's outside surface all increase.

Song, Y.; Yao, Y.; Na, W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Numerical Simulation of a Latent Heat Storage System of a Solar-Aided Ground Source Heat Pump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study, the rectangular phase change storage tank (PCST) linked to a solar-aided ground source heat pump (SAGSHP) system is investigated experimentally and theoretically. The container of the phase change material (PCM) is the controlling unit of the phase change heat transfer model. It was solved numerically by an enthalpy-based finite difference method and was validated by experimental data. CaCl26H2O was used as the PCM in the latent heat storage system of SAGSHP system. In the tank, the PCMs are encapsulated in plastic kegs that are setting on the serpentine coil. The experiments were performed from March 12 to April 10, 2004 in the heating season of the transition period. In order to reflect the effects of the system, two days were chosen to compare the numerical results with experimental data. The inlet and outlet temperature of the water in the PCST, temperature of PCM and storage and emission heat of PCST were measured. The trends of the variation of numerical results and experimental data were in close agreement. Numerical results can reflect the operation mode of the system very well.

Wang, F.; Zheng, M.; Li, Z.; Lei, B.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Analysis of Selection of Single or Double U-bend Pipes in a Ground Source Heat Pump System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ground source heat pump (GSHP) system is widely used because of its energy-saving and environmental-friendly characteristics. The buried pipes heat exchangers play an important role in the whole GSHP system design. However, in most cases, single U-bend pipes are adopted only for their simplicity in design and construction instead of high efficiency and less operation cost of the whole system. In this paper, we make a comparison between single and double U-bend pipe heat exchangers in their heat exchange rate per depth, the number of boreholes needed for the same amount of cooling load, total lengths of pipes for the two different types of heat exchangers, and seasonal overall energy efficiency of the two GSHP systems. An economic analysis method is also presented. Finally, conclusions are made for the selection of single or double U-bend pipe heat exchangers in a GSHP system after a case study using TRNSYS simulation software is carried out.

Shu, H.; Duanmu, L.; Hua, R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

NFS version 4 Protocol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NFS (Network File System) version 4 is a distributed file system protocol which owes heritage to NFS protocol versions 2 [RFC1094] and 3 [RFC1813]. Unlike earlier versions, the NFS version 4 protocol supports traditional file access while integrating ...

S. Shepler; B. Callaghan; D. Robinson; R. Thurlow; C. Beame; M. Eisler; D. Noveck

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

The End-Use Technology Assessment Project: A Load-Shape Analysis of Ground Source Heat Pumps and Good Cents Homes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interest is growing in end-use technology applications that promote overall energy efficiency through increased electricity use. This study will help utilities understand the impacts of such applications by providing load-shape information on ground source heat pumps as well as energy-efficient appliances promoted through Good Cents Homes programs. This report is available only to funders of Program 101A or 101.001. Funders may download this report at http://my.primen.com/Applications/DE/Community/index...

1995-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

99

Measured Performance and Analysis of Ground Source Heat Pumps for Space Conditioning and for Water Heating in a Low-Energy Test House Operated under Simulated Occupancy Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present measured performance and efficiency metrics of Ground Source Heat Pumps (GSHPs) for space conditioning and for water heating connected to a horizontal ground heat exchanger (GHX) loop. The units were installed in a 345m2 (3700ft2) high-efficiency test house built with structural insulated panels (SIPs), operated under simulated occupancy conditions, and located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee (USA) in US Climate Zone 4 . The paper describes distinctive features of the building envelope, ground loop, and equipment, and provides detailed monthly performance of the GSHP system. Space conditioning needs of the house were completely satisfied by a nominal 2-ton (7.0 kW) water-to-air GSHP (WA-GSHP) unit with almost no auxiliary heat usage. Recommendations for further improvement through engineering design changes are identified. The comprehensive set of data and analyses demonstrate the feasibility and practicality of GSHPs in residential applications and their potential to help achieve source energy and greenhouse gas emission reduction targets set under the IECC 2012 Standard.

Ally, Moonis Raza [ORNL; Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL; Gehl, Anthony C [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Sources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SOURCES Microsoft Corporation. "Gasohol," Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2001, http:encarta.msn.com. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, A...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Exergy Analysis and Operational Efficiency of a Horizontal Ground Source Heat Pump System Operated in a Low-Energy Test House under Simulated Occupancy Conditions  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents data, analyses, measures of performance, and conclusions for a ground-source heat pump (GSHP) providing space conditioning to a 345m2 house whose envelope is made of structural insulated panels (SIP). The entire thermal load of this SIP house with RSI-3.7 (RUS-21) walls, triple pane windows with a U-factor of 1.64 W/m2 K (0.29 Btu/h ft2 oF) and solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) of 0.25, a roof assembly with overall thermal resistance of about RSI-8.8 (RUS-50) and low leakage rates of 0.74 ACH at 50Pa was satisfied with a 2.16-Ton (7.56 kW) GSHP unit consuming negligible (9.83kWh) auxiliary heat during peak winter season. The highest and lowest heating COP achieved was 4.90 (October) and 3.44 (February), respectively. The highest and lowest cooling COP achieved was 6.09 (April) and 3.88 (August). These COPs are calculated on the basis of the total power input (including duct, ground loop, and control power losses ). The second Law (Exergy) analysis provides deep insight into how systemic inefficiencies are distributed among the various GSHP components. Opportunities for design and further performance improvements are identified. Through Exergy analysis we provide a true measure of how closely actual performance approaches the ideal, and it unequivocally identifies, better than energy analysis does, the sources and causes of lost work, the root cause of system inefficiencies.

Ally, Moonis Raza [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL; Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL; Gehl, Anthony C [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Pre-Shot Simulations of Far-Field Ground Motions for the Source Physics Experiment (SPE) Explosions at the Climax Stock, Nevada National Security Site  

SciTech Connect

The Source Physics Experiment (SPE) will involve a series of explosions in various geologic and emplacement conditions to validate numerical simulation methods to predict behavior of seismic wave excitation and propagation for nuclear test monitoring. The first SPE's currently underway involve explosions in the Climax Stock (granitic geology) at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). Detailed geologic data and published material properties for the major lithologic units of the NNSS and surrounding region were used to build three-dimensional models for seismic wave propagation simulations. The geologic structure near the SPE shot point is quite varied including granitic, carbonate, tuff and alluvium lithologies. We performed preliminary ground motion simulations for a near-source domain covering 8 km x 8 km at the surface centered on the shot point to investigate various source and propagation effects using WPP, LLNL's anelastic seismic wave finite difference code. Simulations indicate that variations in wave propagation properties of the sub-surface will generate strongly path-dependent response once the energy has left the relatively small granitic geology of the near-surface Climax Stock near the SPE shot point. Rough topography to the north and west of SPE shot point causes additional complexity in the signals including energy on the transverse components. Waves propagate much faster through the granitic and carbonate formations and slower through the tuff and alluvium. Synthetic seismograms for a pure explosion source in a 3D geologic structure show large amplitudes on transverse component. For paths to the south sampling the granite, tuff and alluvium lithologies transverse component amplitudes are as high as 50% of that on the vertical and radial components.

Rodgers, A J; Wagoner, J; Petersson, N A; Sjogreen, B

2010-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

103

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Ground Loop Design  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Loop Design Ground Loop Design logo Ground Loop Design is a versatile ground source heat pump system design program that helps the trained geothermal HVAC designerengineer...

104

Solar Webinar Text Version  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Download the text version of the audio from the DOE Office of Indian Energy webinar on solar renewable energy.

105

Applicability of Related Data, Algorithms, and Models to the Simulation of Ground-Coupled Residential Hot Water Piping in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Length Design for Ground Source Heat Pumps. InternationalClosed-Loop/Ground-Source Heat Pump Systems Installationon Closed-Loop Ground-Source Heat Pump Systems. ASHRAE

Warner, J.L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

First Mira Runs Break New Ground with Turbulence Simulations...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

First Mira Runs Break New Ground with Turbulence Simulations July 16, 2013 Printer-friendly version Shortly after Mira, the ALCF's new 10-petaflops supercomputer, entered...

107

Summary of Information and Resources Related to Energy Use in Healthcare Facilities - Version 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

$YESNO. - GRDCPT8 Ground source heat pump for cooling 174-99 $YESNO. GRDHPT8 Ground source heat pump for heating 101-

Singer, Brett C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

ISG8-Ground Motion; Site Requirements and Investigations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground Motion; Site Requirements and Investigations (WG5) Ground Motion; Site Requirements and Investigations (WG5) June 24 - 27, 2002 Bldg.281 Conventional Facilities Rm. (A. Seryi, T. Tauchi) Parallel Sessions: Working Groups: WG1: Parameters, Design, Instrumentation and Tuning WG2: Damping Rings and ATF WG3: RF Sources WG4:Structures WG5: Ground Motion; Site Requirements and Investigations Agenda, ISG8 WG5 Final Version Goal: The main goal is to try to establish requirements to a linear collider site and determine a set of criteria that would allow evaluating a particular site. Trip to California representative sites: Scheduled and happened on Friday, departure 6am. This was a full day event. (Fred Asiri and Jerry Aarons were the guides). Monday, June 24, 11:00-12:00 Initial discussion Monday (joint with WG1) 13:30-17:30, Bldg.212, Cascades room

109

Measurements of volatile organic compounds at a suburban ground site (T1) in Mexico City during the MILAGRO 2006 campaign: Measurement comparison, emission ratios, and source attribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Volatile organic compound (VOC) mixing ratios were measured with two different instruments at the T1 ground site in Mexico City during the Megacity Initiative: Local and Global Research Observations (MILAGRO) campaign in March of 2006. A gas chromatograph with flame ionization detector (GC-FID) quantified 18 light alkanes, alkenes and acetylene while a proton-transfer-reaction ion-trap mass spectrometer (PIT-MS) quantified 12 VOC species including oxygenated VOCs (OVOCs) and aromatics. A GC separation system was used in conjunction with the PIT-MS (GC-PIT-MS) to evaluate PIT-MS measurements and to aid in the identification of unknown VOCs. The VOC measurements are also compared to simultaneous canister samples and to two independent proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometers (PTR-MS) deployed on a mobile and an airborne platform during MILAGRO. VOC diurnal cycles demonstrate the large influence of vehicle traffic and liquid propane gas (LPG) emissions during the night and photochemical processing during the afternoon. Emission ratios for VOCs and OVOCs relative to CO are derived from early-morning measurements. Average emission ratios for non-oxygenated species relative to CO are on average a factor of {approx}2 higher than measured for US cities. Emission ratios for OVOCs are estimated and compared to literature values the northeastern US and to tunnel studies in California. Positive matrix factorization analysis (PMF) is used to provide insight into VOC sources and processing. Three PMF factors were distinguished by the analysis including the emissions from vehicles, the use of liquid propane gas and the production of secondary VOCs + long-lived species. Emission ratios to CO calculated from the results of PMF analysis are compared to emission ratios calculated directly from measurements. The total PIT-MS signal is summed to estimate the fraction of identified versus unidentified VOC species.

Bon, D.M.; Springston, S.; M.Ulbrich, I.; de Gouw, J. A.; Warneke, C.; Kuster, W. C.; Alexander, M. L.; Baker, A.; Beyersdorf, A. J.; Blake, D.; Fall, R.; Jimenez, J. L., Herndon, S. C.; Huey, L. G.; Knighton, W. B.; Ortega, J.; Vargas, O.

2011-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

110

Ground Motion Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2nd Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop 2nd Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop on Ground Motion in Future Accelerators November 6 - 9, 2000 SLAC Coordinators: Andrei Seryi & Tor Raubenheimer Proceedings Updated June 26, 2001 Agenda and Presentations Workshop photos Summaries Useful links Poster Goals Introduction to the problems Structure Registration Registered participants Committees Location, Accommodations and Travel Workshop on Ground Motion in Future Accelerators A workshop was held at SLAC that was devoted to ground motion and its effects on future accelerators. Ground motion and vibration can be a limiting effect in synchrotron light sources, hadron circular colliders, and electron/positron linear colliders. Over the last several years, there has been significant progress in the understanding of the ground motion and its effects, however, there are

111

Grounding intentionality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I argue that current attempts to ground intentionality face one of two challenges. Either the grounding feature of intentionality will be itself intentional or the grounding feature is disparate in nature from the representational capacity of an intentional mental state and therefore no connection between the two can be taken to exist. I examine two current accounts of intentionality and the features they utilize to ground it. I maintain that both views fall prey to one or both of the objections I raise. I conclude that any account of intentionality will need to meet both of these challenges in order to be counted successful.

Huizenga Steven R

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

METHOD OF LOCATING GROUNDS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

ABS>This patent presents a method for locating a ground in a d-c circult having a number of parallel branches connected across a d-c source or generator. The complete method comprises the steps of locating the ground with reference to the mildpoint of the parallel branches by connecting a potentiometer across the terminals of the circuit and connecting the slider of the potentiometer to ground through a current indicating instrument, adjusting the slider to right or left of the mildpoint so as to cause the instrument to indicate zero, connecting the terminal of the network which is farthest from the ground as thus indicated by the potentiometer to ground through a condenser, impressing a ripple voltage on the circuit, and then measuring the ripple voltage at the midpoint of each parallel branch to find the branch in which is the lowest value of ripple voltage, and then measuring the distribution of the ripple voltage along this branch to determine the point at which the ripple voltage drops off to zero or substantially zero due to the existence of a ground. The invention has particular application where a circuit ground is present which will disappear if the normal circuit voltage is removed.

Macleish, K.G.

1958-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

113

Simulation of Present-Day and Future Permafrost and Seasonally Frozen Ground Conditions in CCSM4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The representation of permafrost and seasonally frozen ground and their projected twenty-first century trends is assessed in the Community Climate System Model, version 4 (CCSM4) and the Community Land Model version 4 (CLM4). The combined impact ...

David M. Lawrence; Andrew G. Slater; Sean C. Swenson

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Ground Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water Nature Bulletin No. 408-A February 27, 1971 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation GROUND WATER We take...

115

Ground-coupled heat pump systems: a pumping analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ground-coupled heat pump (GCHP) systems use the ground as a heat source or sink that absorbs heat from or rejects heat to the soil, respectively; (more)

Mays, Cristin Jean

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Network File System (NFS) version 4 Protocol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Network File System (NFS) version 4 is a distributed filesystem protocol which owes heritage to NFS protocol version 2, RFC 1094, and version 3, RFC 1813. Unlike earlier versions, the NFS version 4 protocol supports traditional file access while ...

S. Shepler; B. Callaghan; D. Robinson; R. Thurlow; C. Beame; M. Eisler; D. Noveck

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Metadata Efficiency in Versioning File Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Versioning file systems retain earlier versions of modified files, allowing recovery from user mistakes or system corruption. Unfortunately, conventional versioning systems do not efficiently record large numbers of versions. In particular, versioned ...

Craig A. N. Soules; Garth R. Goodson; John D. Strunk; Gregory R. Ganger

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Metadata efficiency in versioning file systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Versioning file systems retain earlier versions of modified files, allowing recovery from user mistakes or system corruption. Unfortunately, conventional versioning systems do not efficiently record large numbers of versions. In particular, versioned ...

Craig A. N. Soules; Garth R. Goodson; John D. Strunk; Gregory R. Ganger

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Information Security Policies Made Easy Version 11, Version 11 edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information Security Policies Made Easy, Version 11 is the new and updated version of the gold standard information security policy resource used by over 7000 organizations worldwide. Based on the 25 year consulting and security experience of Charles ...

Charles Cresson Wood; Dave Lineman

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

PVWatts Version 1 Technical Reference  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Meteorological Year (TMY) version 2 or version 3 1 This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.govpublications. 3...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Version 1.0 Lithium hyper ne splitting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Version 1.0 Lithium hyper#12;ne splitting Krzysztof Pachucki #3; Institute of Theoretical Physics approach for the calculation of relativistic m#11; 6 corrections to the lithium ground state hyper#12;ne problem. We will concentrate on lithium as the simplest alkali-metal atom, for which several precise

Pachucki, Krzysztof

122

version 3 | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

utility Utility Companies utility rate Utility Rates version 1 version 2 version 3 web service Smart meter After several months of development and testing, the next...

123

version 2 | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

utility Utility Companies utility rate Utility Rates version 1 version 2 version 3 web service Smart meter After several months of development and testing, the next...

124

version 1 | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

utility Utility Companies utility rate Utility Rates version 1 version 2 version 3 web service Smart meter After several months of development and testing, the next...

125

BBSLA Kazakhstan (032610) Kazakh (Global Version ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BBSLA Kazakhstan (032610) Kazakh (Global Version 031010) 1 BLACKBERRY SOLUTION ??????????? ???????? ????????????? ...

126

BBSLA - Kazakhstan (032610) Russian (Global Version ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BBSLA - Kazakhstan (032610) Russian (Global Version 031010) 1 ???????????? ?????????? ?? ????????????? ??????? ...

127

Wind Webinar Text Version | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Text Version Wind Webinar Text Version Download the text version of the audio from the DOE Office of Indian Energy webinar on wind renewable energy. Text Version of the DOE Office...

128

Field and Laboratory Study of a Ground-Coupled Water Source Heat Pump with an Integral Enthalpy Exchange System for Classrooms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

School classroom space-conditioning equipment in hot and humid climates is often excessively burdened by the requirement to dehumidify incoming air to maintain proper thermal comfort and air quality. To that end, application of new or modified technologies is needed to increase the dehumidification abilities of equipment without compromising energy efficiency or the need for fresh ventilation air. To study the effectiveness of integrated heat pump and enthalpy exchange equipment, a nominal 4-ton water-source heat pump, coupled with a geothermal water loop and incorporating a forced fresh-air enthalpy exchange system was installed in a typical middle school classroom in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. This project is a joint effort among Oak Ridge School District, Tennessee Valley Authority, Energy Office of the State of Tennessee, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The retrofit classroom, along with a similar baseline classroom (employing a water source heat pump supplied by a boiler/cooling tower loop), were instrumented with an Internet-based system to control and monitor performance, efficiency, and a variety of air states. Those include classroom air, outdoor air, semi-conditioned fresh air, and supply air. Particular attention was dedicated to the humidity content and the carbon dioxide content of conditioned space (classroom) air and to the intake rate of forced fresh air. This field study builds on a previous laboratory study of a water-source heat pump coupled to an enthalpy recovery system. The laboratory work showed good potential for reducing the moisture load from forced ventilation air. At simulated outdoor conditions of 90F (32.2C) and 90% RH, the enthalpy recovery wheel in the nominal 2-ton system was able to capture and exhaust 9.9 lb of moisture that would otherwise have to be handled solely by the cooling coil.

Domitrovic, R.; Hayzen, G. J.; Johnson, W. S.; Chen, F. C.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

NIST Periodic Table: Version History  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... [Type of medium] Available: URL [Access date]. ... Version 4 September 2003, The ionization energy value was updated for Po; fourth printing of NIST ...

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

130

EPA Final Ground Water Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Nuclear Safety and Environment Office of Nuclear Safety and Environment Nuclear Safety and Environment Information Brief HS-20-IB-2007-02 (March 2007) EPA Final Ground Water Rule Safe Drinking Water Act: National Primary Drinking Water Regulations Ground Water Rule - 40 CFR Parts 9, 141 and 142 Final Rule: 71 FR 65574 Effective Date: January 8, 2007 1 RULE SYNOPSIS On November 8, 2006, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a final Ground Water Rule (GWR) to promote increased protection against microbial pathogens that may be present in public water systems (PWSs) that use ground water sources for their supply (these systems are known as ground water systems). This Rule establishes a risk-targeted approach

131

MODELING OF VERTICAL GROUND LOOP HEAT EXCHANGERS FOR GROUND SOURCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for cooling-dominated commercial buildings utilize supplemental heat rejecters such as cooling towers, fluid of supplemental heat rejecters for cooling dominated buildings allows the design of smaller borehole fields. Heat

132

Gasoline prices decrease (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gasoline prices decrease (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.70 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.4 cents from a week ago, based on the...

133

Soy Protein Products - Electronic Version  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients is written to serve as a reference for food product developers, food technologists, nutritionists, plant breeders, academic and government professionals... Soy Protein Products - Electronic Version eChapters F

134

Biomass Webinar Text Version | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Text Version Biomass Webinar Text Version Dowload the text version of the audio from the DOE Office of Indian Energy webinar on biomass. DOE Office of Indian Energy Foundational...

135

Biomass Webinar Text Version | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biomass Webinar Text Version Biomass Webinar Text Version Dowload the text version of the audio from the DOE Office of Indian Energy webinar on biomass. DOE Office of Indian Energy...

136

PyVXI-11, Version 1.0  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PyVXI-11, Version 1.0 PyVXI-11, Version 1.0 PyVXI-11, Version 1.0 PyVXI-11 is a Python extension to interface with electronics laboratory equipment such as oscilloscopes, network and spectrum analyzes, multimeters, etc., using the standard SCPI language and TCP/IP. October 10, 2013 software Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email PyVXI-11, Version 1.0 PyVXI-11 is a Python extension to interface with electronics laboratory equipment such as oscilloscopes, network and spectrum analyzes, multimeters, etc., using the standard SCPI language and TCP/IP. Python is a perfect language for manipulating SCPI, which is text, and the numerical results produced by electronics laboratory equipment, using NumPy. Licensing Status: Available for Express Licensing (?). This software is open source.

137

Multimedia: Energy 101: Daylighting (Text Version)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

EERE Multimedia Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Multimedia: Energy 101: Daylighting (Text Version) to someone by E-mail Share Multimedia: Energy 101:...

138

Ground Loops for Heat Pumps and Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground loops are used for water source heat pumps. Refrigeration can be put on a ground loop. Water-cooled condensing units are more efficient than air-cooled, and they can be put indoors. Indoor location makes piping for desuperheater hot water easy. Since refrigeration equipment runs more than heat pumps, energy savings can be large for ground-coupled refrigeration. The paper presents a design procedure for ground loops for heat pumps, hot water, ice machines, and water-cooled refrigeration. It gives an overview of the commercial ground-coupled systems in Louisiana that have both refrigeration and heat pumps. Systems vary from small offices to a three-story office building with 187 tons. A chain of hamburger outlets uses total ground-coupling in all of its stores. A grocery store has ground-coupling for heat pumps and refrigeration. Desuperheaters provide 80 percent of the hot water for a coin laundry in the same building. A comparison of energy costs in a bank with a ground-coupled heat pump system to a similar bank with air-conditioning and gas for heat revealed a 31 percent reduction in utility costs for the ground-coupled building. Two buildings of the Mississippi Power and Light Co. have ground-coupled heat pumps in one, and high efficiency air source heat pumps in the other. Energy savings in nine months was 60,000 kWh (25 percent), and electric peak demand was reduced 42 kW (35 percent).

Braud, H. J.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

BBSLA Malaysia (032410) English (Global Version 031010) ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BBSLA Malaysia (032410) English (Global Version 031010) 1 BLACKBERRY SOLUTION LICENSE AGREEMENT PLEASE READ THIS ...

140

BBSLA Argentina (031710) Spanish (Global Version ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BBSLA Argentina (031710) Spanish (Global Version 031010) CONTRATO DE LICENCIA DE SOLUCIN BLACKBERRY FAVOR LEER ESTE ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

BBSLA Pakistan (032310) English (Global Version 031010) ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BBSLA Pakistan (032310) English (Global Version 031010) 1 BLACKBERRY SOLUTION LICENSE AGREEMENT PLEASE READ THIS ...

142

BBSLA Thailand (032410) English (Global Version 031010) ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BBSLA Thailand (032410) English (Global Version 031010) 1 BLACKBERRY SOLUTION LICENSE AGREEMENT PLEASE READ THIS ...

143

BBSLA - South Africa (031910) English (Global Version ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BBSLA - South Africa (031910) English (Global Version 031010) 1 BLACKBERRY SOLUTION LICENSE AGREEMENT PLEASE READ THIS ...

144

Quantum deduction rules (preliminary version)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum deduction rules (preliminary version) Pavel Pudl??ak # March 27, 2007 Abstract We define propositional quantum Frege proof systems and compare it with classical Frege proof systems. 1 Introduction In this paper we shall address the question whether quantum circuits could help us prove theorems faster than

Pudlák, Pavel

145

Transmission Line Grounding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2008, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) published a comprehensive grounding report. Published in two parts, the report covered the theoretical and practical aspects of transmission line grounding practices. To further improve the tools available for grounding analysis, an investigation into practical ways to calculate the fault current distribution and ground potential rise of the transmission line grounding system was conducted. Furthermore, a survey of utilities has documented industry pr...

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

146

Renewable Energy Opportunities at Yuma Proving Ground, Arizona  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Yuma Proving Ground, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations.

Orrell, Alice C.; Kora, Angela R.; Russo, Bryan J.; Williamson, Jennifer L.; Weimar, Mark R.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Dixon, Douglas R.

2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

147

ARM - Carlos Sousa Interview (English Version)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DeployementCarlos Sousa Interview (English Version) DeployementCarlos Sousa Interview (English Version) Azores Deployment AMF Home Graciosa Island Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments Satellite Retrievals Experiment Planning CAP-MBL Proposal Abstract and Related Campaigns Science Questions Science Plan (PDF, 4.4M) Rob Wood Website Outreach Backgrounders English Version (PDF, 363K) Portuguese Version (PDF, 327K) AMF Posters, 2009 English Version Portuguese Version Education Flyers English Version Portuguese Version News Campaign Images Carlos Sousa Interview (English Version) From Graciosa to India. Thanks to the Atmospheric Station. (From Aςoriano Oriental, March 5, 2012) Carlos Sousa works on an instrument at the ARM India site. Carlos Sousa works on an instrument at the ARM India site. To be at the right place at the right time, can change a person's life.

148

Version 4.00 of the MINTEQ geochemical code  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The MINTEQ code is a thermodynamic model that can be used to calculate solution equilibria for geochemical applications. Included in the MINTEQ code are formulations for ionic speciation, ion exchange, adsorption, solubility, redox, gas-phase equilibria, and the dissolution of finite amounts of specified solids. Since the initial development of the MINTEQ geochemical code, a number of undocumented versions of the source code and data files have come into use at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). This report documents these changes, describes source code modifications made for the Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) program, and provides comprehensive listings of the data files. A version number of 4.00 has been assigned to the MINTEQ source code and the individual data files described in this report.

Eary, L.E.; Jenne, E.A.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Version 4. 00 of the MINTEQ geochemical code  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The MINTEQ code is a thermodynamic model that can be used to calculate solution equilibria for geochemical applications. Included in the MINTEQ code are formulations for ionic speciation, ion exchange, adsorption, solubility, redox, gas-phase equilibria, and the dissolution of finite amounts of specified solids. Since the initial development of the MINTEQ geochemical code, a number of undocumented versions of the source code and data files have come into use at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). This report documents these changes, describes source code modifications made for the Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) program, and provides comprehensive listings of the data files. A version number of 4.00 has been assigned to the MINTEQ source code and the individual data files described in this report.

Eary, L.E.; Jenne, E.A.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

PTLOAD version 6.2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The PTLOAD Version 6.2 software allows users to compute operating temperatures and ratings for power transformers. Description Power transformers are one of the most expensive components of any transmission system. Energy companies need to maximize utilization of these assets, while at the same time protecting them from damage and ensuring system reliability. To assist utilities in planning transformer loading, PTLOAD implements calculation methods from Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (...

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

151

NREL: Learning - Center for Photovoltaics Video (Text Version)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Center for Photovoltaics Video (Text Version) Center for Photovoltaics Video (Text Version) This is the text version for the Center for Photovoltaics video. The video opens with the NREL logo, surrounded by "Department of Energy's NREL: National Renewable Energy Laboratory." A scene of a city skyline at sunset. The sky is a brilliant red, and the buildings are silhouetted in shadow. The scene shifts to an image of a shadowed field, lit by a bright red sunset. The image changes to the NREL Solar Energy Research Facility (SERF), a building with a long, diagonally sloping front with large windows and solar panels on the roof. (Voiceover) It is our constant source of light and heat and it's essential to a sustainable energy future. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado is a global leader in developing cost-effective, solar

152

Electrical Subsurface Grounding Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The purpose and objective of this analysis is to determine the present grounding requirements of the Exploratory Studies Facility (ESF) subsurface electrical system and to verify that the actual grounding system and devices satisfy the requirements.

J.M. Calle

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

WS-BPEL Extensions for Versioning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article proposes specific extensions for WS-BPEL (Business Process Execution Language) to support versioning of processes and partner links. It introduces new activities and extends existing activities, including partner links, invoke, receive, ... Keywords: BPEL, Business processes, SOA, Versioning

Matjaz B. Juric; Ana Sasa; Ivan Rozman

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Genome Majority Vote (GMV), Version 0.x  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Genome Majority Vote (GMV), Version 0.x Genome Majority Vote (GMV), Version 0.x The pipeline runs PRODIGAL gene predictions on all genomes, runs pan-reciprocal BLAST, and...

155

COMPUTER PROGRAM CCC USER'S MANUAL VERSION II.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1PUTER PROGRAM CCC USER'S MANUAL VERSION II D.C. Mangold,COMPUTER PROGRAM CCC USER'S MANUAL Version II (January,Ll COMPUTER PROGRAM CCC--USER'S MANUAL D. C. Mangold, M, J,

Mangold, D.C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Assessing Energy Resources Webinar Text Version  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Download the text version of the audio from the DOE Office of Indian Energy webinar on assessing energy resources.

157

Strategic Energy Planning Webinar Text Version  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Download the text version of the audio from the DOE Office of Indian Energy webinar on strategic energy planning.

158

Investigator Manual Version 3.0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigator Manual Version 3.0 January 2013 Human Subjects Protection Program The University;Investigator Manual Version 3.0: 01/2013 Page 2 of 70 ©2009 Huron Consulting Services, LLC. Huron Consulting Manual Version 3.0: 01/2013 Page 3 of 70 ©2009 Huron Consulting Services, LLC. Huron Consulting Group Use

Arizona, University of

159

Embrittlement data base, version 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aging and degradation of light-water-reactor (LWR) pressure vessels is of particular concern because of their relevance to plant integrity and the magnitude of the expected irradiation embrittlement. The radiation embrittlement of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) materials depends on many different factors such as flux, fluence, fluence spectrum, irradiation temperature, and preirradiation material history and chemical compositions. These factors must be considered to reliably predict pressure vessel embrittlement and to ensure the safe operation of the reactor. Based on embrittlement predictions, decisions must be made concerning operating parameters and issues such as low-leakage-fuel management, possible life extension, and the need for annealing the pressure vessel. Large amounts of data from surveillance capsules and test reactor experiments, comprising many different materials and different irradiation conditions, are needed to develop generally applicable damage prediction models that can be used for industry standards and regulatory guides. Version 1 of the Embrittlement Data Base (EDB) is such a comprehensive collection of data resulting from merging version 2 of the Power Reactor Embrittlement Data Base (PR-EDB). Fracture toughness data were also integrated into Version 1 of the EDB. For power reactor data, the current EDB lists the 1,029 Charpy transition-temperature shift data points, which include 321 from plates, 125 from forgoings, 115 from correlation monitor materials, 246 from welds, and 222 from heat-affected-zone (HAZ) materials that were irradiated in 271 capsules from 101 commercial power reactors. For test reactor data, information is available for 1,308 different irradiated sets (352 from plates, 186 from forgoings, 303 from correlation monitor materials, 396 from welds and 71 from HAZs) and 268 different irradiated plus annealed data sets.

Wang, J.A.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Electrical grounding prong socket  

SciTech Connect

The invention is a socket for a grounding prong used in a three prong electrical plug and a receptacle for the three prong plug. The socket being sufficiently spacious to prevent the socket from significantly stretching when a larger, U-shaped grounding prong is inserted into the socket, and having a ridge to allow a snug fit when a smaller tubular shape grounding prong is inserted into the socket.

Leong, Robert (Dublin, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Ground Magnetics At Alum Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Magnetics At Alum Area (DOE GTP) Ground Magnetics At Alum Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics At Alum Geothermal Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location Alum Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Ground Magnetics Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References (1 January 2011) GTP ARRA Spreadsheet Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Ground_Magnetics_At_Alum_Area_(DOE_GTP)&oldid=402978" Categories: Exploration Activities DOE Funded Activities ARRA Funded Activities What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services OpenEI partners with a broad range of international organizations to grow

162

Predaceous Ground Beetles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predaceous ground beetles can be a nuisance to homeowners, especially when they are numerous. This publication describes the beetles and discusses ways to prevent and treat them.

Sansone, Chris; Minzenmayer, Rick

2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

163

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect

This document is a users manual and applications guide for the software package SGA. This package comprises four computer programs, namely SOMIP, SMECC, SGSYS, and TGRND. The first three programs are analysis models which are to be used in the design process of substation grounding systems. The fourth program, TGRND, is an analysis program for determining the transient response of a grounding system. This report, Volume 3, is a users manual and an installation and validation manual for the computer program SGSYS (Substation Grounding SYStem Analysis Program). This program analyzes the substation ground field given the total electric current injected into the ground field and the design of the grounding system. Standard outputs of the program are (1) total ground resistance, (2) step voltage, (3) touch voltage, (4) voltages on a grid of points, (5) voltage profile along straight lines, (6) transfer voltages, (7) ground potential rise, (8) body currents, (9) step voltage profile along straight lines, and (10) touch voltage profile along straight lines. This program can be utilized in an interactive or batch mode. In the interactive mode, the user defines the grounding system geometry, soil parameters, and output requests interactively, with the use of a user friendly conversational program. The users manual describes data requirements and data preparation procedures. An appendix provides forms which facilitate data collection procedures. The installation and validation manual describes the computer files which make up the program SGSYS and provides a test case for validation purposes.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Electric Power Lab.)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

History of Residential Grounding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the development of residential electrical service grounding practices in the United States. The report focuses on the history of the National Electrical Code (NEC), which prescribes standards for wiring practices in residences, including grounding of the building electrical service.

2002-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

165

Ways of grounding imagination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses and evaluates use of different participatory design methods in relation to addressing the challenge of grounding imagination. It presents reflections on the use of three participatory design methods, deployed in the WorkSpace project: ... Keywords: PD methods, analytical triangulation, bricolage, future laboratory, grounding imagination, in-situ prototyping experiments

Monika Bscher; Mette Agger Eriksen; Jannie Friis Kristensen; Preben Holst Mogensen

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Renewable Energy Opportunties at Dugway Proving Ground, Utah  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Dugway Proving Ground, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and ground source heat pumps (GSHPs). The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment.

Orrell, Alice C.; Kora, Angela R.; Russo, Bryan J.; Horner, Jacob A.; Williamson, Jennifer L.; Weimar, Mark R.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Nesse, Ronald J.; Dixon, Douglas R.

2010-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

167

NIST Photoionization of CO2 Version History  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CO2-button Photoionization of CO 2. Version History. Example ... 1.0). [Online] Available: http://physics.nist.gov/CO2 [year, month day]. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

168

Energy Basics: Wind Power Animation (Text Version)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Wind Wind Turbines Wind Resources Wind Power...

169

Hydroelectric Webinar Presentation Slides and Text Version  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Download presentation slides and a text version of the audio from the DOE Office of Indian Energy webinar onhydroelectric renewable energy.

170

DC source assemblies  

SciTech Connect

Embodiments of DC source assemblies of power inverter systems of the type suitable for deployment in a vehicle having an electrically grounded chassis are provided. An embodiment of a DC source assembly comprises a housing, a DC source disposed within the housing, a first terminal, and a second terminal. The DC source also comprises a first capacitor having a first electrode electrically coupled to the housing, and a second electrode electrically coupled to the first terminal. The DC source assembly further comprises a second capacitor having a first electrode electrically coupled to the housing, and a second electrode electrically coupled to the second terminal.

Campbell, Jeremy B; Newson, Steve

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

171

Version No.: 2002.001  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5.5 or later or Netscape 4.77 or later. Send your surveys using this secure method at: https://signon.eia.doe.gov/upload/noticeoog.jsp" 5.5 or later or Netscape 4.77 or later. Send your surveys using this secure method at: https://signon.eia.doe.gov/upload/noticeoog.jsp" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"OMB No. 1905-0175" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Expiration Date: 12/31/2011" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Version No.: 2009.02" "MONTHLY REPORT OF NATURAL GAS PURCHASES AND DELIVERIES TO CONSUMERS" "FORM EIA-857" "This report is mandatory under the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275). Failure to comply may result in criminal fines, civil penalties and other sanctions as provided by law. For the sanctions and the provisions concerning the confidentiality of information submitted on this form, see instructions. Title 18 USC 1001 makes it a criminal offense for any person knowingly and willingly to make to any Agency or Department of the United States any false, fictitious, or fraudulent statements as to any matter within its jurisdiction."

172

Version No.: 2002.001  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.0 or later or Mozilla Firefox 5.0 or later. Send your surveys using this secure method at: https://signon.eia.doe.gov/upload/notice912.jsp" 8.0 or later or Mozilla Firefox 5.0 or later. Send your surveys using this secure method at: https://signon.eia.doe.gov/upload/notice912.jsp" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"OMB No. 1905-0175" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Expiration Date: 02/28/2015" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Version No.: 2012.01" "WEEKLY UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE REPORT" "FORM EIA-912" "This report is mandatory under the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275). Failure to comply may result in criminal fines, civil penalties and other sanctions as provided by law. For the sanctions and the provisions concerning the confidentiality of information submitted on this form, see instructions. Title 18 USC 1001 makes it a criminal offense for any person knowingly and willingly to make to any Agency or Department of the United States any false, fictitious, or fraudulent statements as to any matter within its jurisdiction."

173

Version No.: 2002.001  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Microsoft Internet Explorer 8.0 or later or Mozilla Firefox 5.0 or later. Send your surveys using this secure method at: https://signon.eia.gov/upload/noticeoog.jsp" Microsoft Internet Explorer 8.0 or later or Mozilla Firefox 5.0 or later. Send your surveys using this secure method at: https://signon.eia.gov/upload/noticeoog.jsp" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"OMB No. 1905-0175" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Expiration Date: 02/28/2015" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Version No.: 2012.01" "MONTHLY NATURAL GAS MARKETER SURVEY" "FORM EIA-910" "This report is mandatory under the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275). Failure to comply may result in criminal fines, civil penalties and other sanctions as provided by law. For the sanctions and the provisions concerning the confidentiality of information submitted on this form, see instructions. Title 18 USC 1001 makes it a criminal offense for any person knowingly and willingly to make to any Agency or Department of the United States any false, fictitious, or fraudulent statements as to any matter within its jurisdiction."

174

Version No.: 2002.001  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Microsoft Internet Explorer 8.0 or later or Mozilla Firefox 5.0 or later. Send your surveys using this secure method at: https://signon.eia.doe.gov/upload/noticeoog.jsp" Microsoft Internet Explorer 8.0 or later or Mozilla Firefox 5.0 or later. Send your surveys using this secure method at: https://signon.eia.doe.gov/upload/noticeoog.jsp" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"OMB No. 1905-0175" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Expiration Date: 02/28/2015" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Version No.: 2012.01" "MONTHLY UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE REPORT" "FORM EIA-191" "This report is mandatory under the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275). Failure to comply may result in criminal fines, civil penalties and other sanctions as provided by law. For the sanctions and the provisions concerning the confidentiality of information submitted on this form, see instructions. Title 18 USC 1001 makes it a criminal offense for any person knowingly and willingly to make to any Agency or Department of the United States any false, fictitious, or fraudulent statements as to any matter within its jurisdiction."

175

The NCEP Climate Forecast System Version 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The second version of the NCEP Climate Forecast System (CFSv2) was made operational at NCEP in March 2011. This version has upgrades to nearly all aspects of the data assimilation and forecast model components of the system. A coupled Reanalysis ...

Suranjana Saha; Shrinivas Moorthi; Xingren Wu; Jiande Wang; Sudhir Nadiga; Patrick Tripp; David Behringer; Yu-Tai Hou; Hui-ya Chuang; Mark Iredell; Michael Ek; Jesse Meng; Rongqian Yang; Malaquas Pea Mendez; Huug van den Dool; Qin Zhang; Wanqiu Wang; Mingyue Chen; Emily Becker

176

UPGRADES TO Monteburns, VERSION 3.0  

SciTech Connect

Monteburns VERSION 3.0 is an upgrade of the existing Monteburns code available through RSICC. The new version includes modern programming style, increased parallel computing, more accurate capture gamma calculations and an automated input generator. This capability was demonstrated through a small PWR core simulation.

Galloway, Jack D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Trellue, Holly R [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

177

Substation Grounding Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is an account of research performed by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) in 2011 on the subject of degradation of buried grounding grids in electric power substations. Substation ground grids are usually made of copper conductors, which are placed below grade and are joined together and to the above-grade structures with various types of connectors. While above-grade connections are visible and may be inspected, below-grade connections are not visible or readily accessible for insp...

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

178

EPRI Substation Grounding Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has been conducting research in the area of substation grounding and fault current management for several decades. This research has resulted in a large number of reports and other products. To help users locate the results of EPRIs research in substation grounding and fault current management, an annual update is prepared containing brief descriptions of the products.ObjectiveThe objective of this report is ...

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

179

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect

This document is a users manual and applications guide for the software package SGA. This package comprises four computer programs, namely SOMIP, SMECC, SGSYS, and TGRND. The first three programs are analysis models which are to be used in the design process of substation grounding systems. The fourth program, TGRND, is an analysis program for determining the transient response of a grounding system. This report, Volume 2, is a users manual and an installation and validation manual for the computer program SMECC (Substation Maximum Earth Current Computation Program). This program analyzes the electric current distribution among grounded structures inside and outside a substation for different fault conditions. The fault conditions are automatically selected by the program, or they may be specified by the user, or both. The fault condition resulting in maximum substation earth current is identified and reported. Data requirements for this program are: ground impedance, transformer data, transmission line data, transmission line grounding impedances, etc. The program provides four types of standard outputs: (1) a report of voltages and current flow in the unfaulted system, (2) a brief report of the maximum ground potential rise (worst fault condition), (3) a summary report of all fault conditions which have been analyzed by the program, and (4) a detailed report of voltages and current flow for a selected set of fault conditions.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Electric Power Lab.)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Geothermal Ground-Loop Preinstallation Project at Walden Pond  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geothermal ground-source heat pumps can help utilities increase electricity sales while reducing peak demands, but high ground-loop installation costs are a barrier to widespread acceptance. This project, conducted with Public Service Company of Indiana, demonstrated that mass installation of ground loops in a residential subdivision prior to home construction can substantially reduce installed cost for both horizontal and vertical loop configurations.

1990-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Guide for Transmission Line Grounding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical utilities have a duty to provide effective grounding for managing steady-state and fault currents, whether near a large generating station or at a remote distribution pole ground. For transmission lines, this imperative is usually met with investment in overhead ground wires and grounding electrodes. Effective grounding at each tower improves reliability8212by providing low path impedance to lightning strokes8212and contributes to safety. However, the fundamental physical parameters in ground ...

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

182

DANSSino: a pilot version of the DANSS neutrino detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DANSSino is a reduced pilot version of a solid-state detector of reactor antineutrinos (to be created within the DANSS project and installed under the industrial 3 GW(th) reactor of the Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant -- KNPP). Numerous tests performed at a distance of 11 m from the reactor core demonstrate operability of the chosen design and reveal the main sources of the background. In spite of its small size (20x20x100 ccm), the pilot detector turned out to be quite sensitive to reactor antineutrinos, detecting about 70 IBD events per day with the signal-to-background ratio about unity.

I. Alekseev; V. Belov; V. Brudanin; M. Danilov; V. Egorov; D. Filosofov; M. Fomina; Z. Honz; A. Kobyakin; D. Medvedev; R. Mizuk; E. Novikov; A. Olshevsky; S. Rozov; N. Rumyantseva; V. Rusinov; A. Salamatin; Ye. Shevchik; M. Shirchenko; Yu. Shitov; A. Starostin; D. Svirida; E. Tarkovsky; I. Tikhomirov; E. Yakushev; I. Zhitnikov; D. Zinatulina

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

183

Gasoline prices continue to decrease (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

, 2013 Gasoline prices continue to decrease (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.65 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3 12 cents from a week...

184

Gasoline prices continue to fall (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gasoline prices continue to fall (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline decreased for the second week in a row to 3.71 a gallon on Monday. That's down...

185

Gasoline prices continue to rise (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gasoline prices continue to rise (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to 3.67 a gallon on Monday. That's up 7 cents from a week ago, based on the...

186

Gasoline prices continue to fall (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gasoline prices continue to fall (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.61 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3.7 cents from a week ago, based on...

187

Gasoline prices inch down (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gasoline prices inch down (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the...

188

A Revised Version of Lettau's Evapoclimatonomy Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a revised version of Lettau's evapoclimatonomy model is introduced. Climatonomy is a one-dimensional representation of mean climate, which includes a complete characterization of the surface energy and water balances. The model is ...

Sharon E. Nicholson; Andrew R. Lare; JosiA. Marengo; Pablo Santos

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Gasoline price shows small increase (long version)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline showed little movement from last week. Prices rose 410 of a cent to 3.30 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly...

190

The NCAR Climate System Model, Version One  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NCAR Climate System Model, version one, is described. The spinup procedure prior to a fully coupled integration is discussed. The fully coupled model has been run for 300 yr with no surface flux corrections in momentum, heat, or freshwater. ...

Byron A. Boville; Peter R. Gent

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

The Community Climate System Model, Version 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Community Climate System Model, version 2 (CCSM2) is briefly described. A 1000-yr control simulation of the present day climate has been completed without flux adjustments. Minor modifications were made at year 350, which included all five ...

Jeffrey T. Kiehl; Peter R. Gent

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The Community Climate System Model Version 4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fourth version of the Community Climate System Model (CCSM4) was recently completed and released to the climate community. This paper describes developments to all CCSM components, and documents fully coupled preindustrial control runs ...

Peter R. Gent; Gokhan Danabasoglu; Leo J. Donner; Marika M. Holland; Elizabeth C. Hunke; Steve R. Jayne; David M. Lawrence; Richard B. Neale; Philip J. Rasch; Mariana Vertenstein; Patrick H. Worley; Zong-Liang Yang; Minghua Zhang

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Free probability and combinatorics Preliminary version  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free probability and combinatorics Preliminary version Michael Anshelevich c 2012 December 4, 2012 #12;Preface These notes were used in a topics course Free probability and combinatorics taught topics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3 Free

Anshelevich, Michael

194

Paper Airplane user's manual : version four  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preface: This document provides the user with a step-by-step guide to using Paper Airplane, Version IV. Although this program can be used to design any system (once given the proper set of design equations), this manual ...

Lajoie, Ronnie M.

195

GEODIM, Version 2.1: Users manual (English units version)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The GEODIM computer program has been developed as a joint project of the University of Lund, Lund, Sweden and the Washington State Energy Office (WSEO). The development of GEODIM was originally begun in response to the need to optimize the Lund, Sweden geothermal system. This system is the world`s largest heat pump geothermal system having an output of 50MW thermal. The 50MW of output provides a significant percentage of the base load thermal demand of the Lund district heating system. When approached by WSEO, the University of Lund agreed to expand the capability of the program and make it equally usable for the optimization of direct use system`s which do not employ heat pumps. In addition, the university prepared examples of how the program can be used. The program has been extensively tested against data from the Lund system which now has five years of operating data. The program has proved itself to be a valuable tool for optimizing piping systems and system operation. Although the program was originally designed for the optimization of geothermal systems employing both production and injection wells, it can be just as successfully used for any system using a water source, be it surface water or waste water from industry or effluent from a sewage treatment plant.

Larsson, M.; Alm, P.G. [Univ. of Lund (Sweden)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect

This document is a users manual and applications guide for the software package SGA. This package comprises four computer programs, namely SOMIP, SMECC, SGSYS, and TGRND. The first three programs are analysis models which are to be used in the design process of substation grounding systems. The fourth program, TGRND, is an analysis program for determining the transient response of a grounding system. This report, Volume 5, is an applications guide of the three computer programs. SOMIP, SMECC, and SGSYS, for the purpose of designing a safe substation grounding system. The applications guide utilizes four example substation grounding systems for the purpose of illustrating the application of the programs, SOMIP, SMECC, and SGSYS. The examples are based on data provided by four contributing utilities, namely, Houston Lighting and Power Company, Southern Company Services, Puget Sound Power and Light Company, and Arizona Public Service Company. For the purpose of illustrating specific capabilities of the computer programs, the data have been modified. As a result, the final designs of the four systems do not necessarily represent actual grounding system designs by these utilities. The example system 1 is a 138 kV/35 kV distribution substation. The example system 2 is a medium size 230 kV/115 kV transmission substation. The third example system is a generation substation while the last is a large 525 kV/345 kV/230 kV transmission substation. The four examples cover most of the practical problems that a user may encounter in the design of substation grounding systems.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Electric Power Lab.)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

IBM Presentation Template Full Version  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10 IBM Corporation 10 IBM Corporation Smart Grid: Impacts on Electric Power Supply and Demand 2010 Energy Conference: Short-Term Stresses, Long-Term Change Michael Valocchi, Global Energy and Utilities Industry Leader, IBM Global Business Services April, 2010 © 2010 IBM Corporation 2 Discussion Topics The Business Model will Evolve The Consumer Value Model will Transform A New Energy Consumer will Emerge Customers Segmentation will be Done in a Different Manner Information and Data Sources will Change © 2010 IBM Corporation 3 The emerging value chain will allow consumers to have a different relationship with their energy providers © 2010 IBM Corporation 4 1. Smart, Connected Devices 2. Integrated Communication Networks 3. System Integration

198

Substation Ground Grid Impedance Measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because safety impacts all segments of the electric power industry, the integrity and conformance to standards of substation grounding systems is of paramount importance. This report summarizes field demonstrations of commercially available meters for performance evaluation of large grounding systems, including the EPRI Ground Grid Evaluator (commercially known as the Smart Ground Multimeter or SGM).

2007-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

199

PARS II Data Extraction Utility Version 8.0.20130510 Release Notes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PARS II Data Extraction Utility PARS II Data Extraction Utility Version 8.0.20130510 Release Notes The Department of Energy (DOE) is pleased to announce the newest version of the DOE PARS II Data Extraction Utility, version 8.0.20130510. The Extraction Utility is used for retrieving project management data from a variety of source systems for upload into the DOE Project Assessment and Reporting System (PARS II). This release is a minor update and incorporates a number of new features and updates primarily focused to improve the existing functionality. Specifically, this version includes enhancements for sites and contractors using Deltek COBRA 4X/5.0 for the Earned Value (EV) Management system to provide EV data to DOE via PARS II upload. The quality of each DOE PARS II Extraction Utility release is of primary consideration at the

200

arXiv.org help - Submission Version Availability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Submission Version Availability Beginning in October 1997, all official versions of papers submitted are made publicly available through the archive Web interface. An "official"...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Clean Cities: National Clean Fleets Partnership Video (Text Version...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Clean Fleets Partnership Video (Text Version) to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: National Clean Fleets Partnership Video (Text Version) on Facebook Tweet about Clean...

202

Improved Smart Ground Multimeter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Smart Ground Multimeter (SGM) underwent three major redesigns since its original development in the early 1980s. This report describes the latest redesign and provides useful tips on the assessment of measured data quality and on resolving measurement problems in the field.

2006-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

203

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect

The five volume report comprises the user manual, installation, and validation manual and an applications guide for the SGA (Substation Grounding Analysis) software package. SGA consists of four computer programs: (1) SOMIP, (2) SMECC, (3) SGSYS, and (4) TGRND. The first three programs provide a comprehensive analysis tool for the design of substation grounding systems to meet safety standards. The fourth program, TGRND, provides a state of the art analysis tool for computing transient ground potential rise and ground system impedance. This part of the report, Volume 1, is a users manual and an installation and validation manual for the computer program SOMIP (SOil Measurement Interpretation Program). This program computes the best estimate of the parameters of a two layer soil model from usual soil resistivity measurements. Four pin or three pin soil measurements can be accommodated. In addition, it provides error bounds on the soil parameters for a given confidence level. The users manual describes data requirements and data preparation procedures. The installation and validation manual describes the computer files which make up the program SOMIP and provides two test cases for validation purposes. 4 refs.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Electrical Engineering)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Informing the practice of ground heat exchanger design through numerical simulations.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Closed-loop ground source heat pumps (GSHPs) are used to transfer thermal energy between the subsurface and conditioned spaces for heating and cooling applications. A basic (more)

Haslam, Simon R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Arkansas/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Arkansas/Wind Resources/Full Version < Arkansas‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Arkansas Wind Resources ArkansasMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the

206

Alabama/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Alabama/Wind Resources/Full Version < Alabama‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Alabama Wind Resources AlabamaMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the

207

Florida/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Florida/Wind Resources/Full Version < Florida‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Florida Wind Resources FloridaMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the

208

Oregon/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Oregon/Wind Resources/Full Version < Oregon‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Oregon Wind Resources OregonMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the

209

Maine/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Maine/Wind Resources/Full Version < Maine‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Maine Wind Resources MaineMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the

210

Nevada/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Nevada/Wind Resources/Full Version < Nevada‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Nevada Wind Resources NevadaMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the

211

Delaware/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Delaware/Wind Resources/Full Version < Delaware‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Delaware Wind Resources DelawareMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the

212

Ground State Entanglement Energetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the ground state of simple quantum systems coupled to an environment. In general the system is entangled with its environment. As a consequence, even at zero temperature, the energy of the system is not sharp: a projective measurement can find the system in an excited state. We show that energy fluctuation measurements at zero temperature provide entanglement information. For two-state systems which exhibit a persistent current in the ground state, energy fluctuations and persistent current fluctuations are closely related. The harmonic oscillator serves to illustrate energy fluctuations in a system with an infinite number of states. In addition to the energy distribution we discuss the energy-energy time-correlation function in the zero-temperature limit.

M. Buttiker; A. N. Jordan

2005-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

213

CEUS Ground Motion Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three utilities are currently pursuing early site permits (ESPs) for possible siting of new nuclear power plant facilities in the central and eastern United States (CEUS). The geological, seismological, and engineering characteristics of a site and its environs must be investigated in sufficient scope and detail. These investigations are needed to adequately evaluate a proposed site and to provide sufficient information for estimating the site's safe shutdown earthquake (SSE) ground motion. Nuclear Regul...

2003-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

214

MAPSS Version 1.0 Available  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MAPSS (Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System Model) Version 1.0 Available MAPSS (Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System Model) Version 1.0 Available The ORNL NASA DAAC is please to announce the release of a new vegetation distribution model product, MAPSS: Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System Model, Version 1.0. The MAPSS model was developed by the Pacific Northwest Research Station USDA Forest Service and has been used extensively by the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) in regional and global assessments of climate change impacts on vegetation. The MAPSS model simulates the potential natural vegetation that could exist on any upland site in the world under present, past, or future climate change. It operates on the fundamental principal that ecosystems will tend to maximize the leaf area that can be supported at a site by available soil

215

Ground Squirrels and Gophers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Squirrels and Gophers Squirrels and Gophers Nature Bulletin No. 224-A April 2, 1966 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation GROUND SQUIRRELS AND GOPHERS On sunny summer days, a dusty-colored animal with yellowish and brown stripes, about the size of a small rat, often may be noticed creeping through the grass of prairies, pastures, golf courses or lawns. Watch him. He pauses every few feet to sit up, look and listen for a moment. Nervous and timid, he crouches low at every distant sound or passing shadow. Startle him and he scurries away, and then may suddenly halt and freeze, bolt upright, as stiff and straight as a stake driven in the ground. If approached, he gives a loud shrill trilling whistle and, with a flip of his tail, pops out of sight. Watch that spot closely and, in less than a minute, a snaky head appears. Be quiet. He has many enemies above ground and he also has a lot of curiosity. Presently he sits up upon his haunches again.

216

A Surface-Corrected Gaussian Model for Elevated Sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Gaussian model for continuous elevated sources is developed which uses a continuous distribution of ground-level sources to replace the use of the image source. For the case of Fickian diffusion with uniform wind, this model is mathematically ...

Thomas J. Overcamp

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

BBSLA Jordan (031210) English (Global Version 031010) 1 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BBSLA Jordan (031210) English (Global Version 031010) 1 BLACKBERRY SOLUTION LICENSE AGREEMENT PLEASE READ THIS ...

218

Guidance on the use of Lithium Batteries in NERC Version 1.0 8th  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a lithium or lithium ion battery fire. · Use plenty of water as a fine spray to swamp and wash away spiltGuidance on the use of Lithium Batteries in NERC Version 1.0 8th March 2007 1. Introduction Lithium. There are several types of lithium batteries but they are all high energy power sources and all are potentially

Edinburgh, University of

219

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Safety (Text Alternative Version)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safety (Text Safety (Text Alternative Version) to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Safety (Text Alternative Version) on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Safety (Text Alternative Version) on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Safety (Text Alternative Version) on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Safety (Text Alternative Version) on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Safety (Text Alternative Version) on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Safety (Text Alternative Version) on AddThis.com... Publications Program Publications Technical Publications Educational Publications Newsletter Program Presentations Multimedia Conferences & Meetings

220

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cars (Text Cars (Text Alternative Version) to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on AddThis.com... Publications Program Publications Technical Publications Educational Publications Newsletter Program Presentations Multimedia Conferences & Meetings

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Storage (Text Alternative Version)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storage (Text Storage (Text Alternative Version) to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Storage (Text Alternative Version) on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Storage (Text Alternative Version) on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Storage (Text Alternative Version) on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Storage (Text Alternative Version) on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Storage (Text Alternative Version) on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Storage (Text Alternative Version) on AddThis.com... Publications Program Publications Technical Publications Educational Publications Newsletter Program Presentations Multimedia Conferences & Meetings

222

Release Version Parabolic Dish Microphone System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Release Version Parabolic Dish Microphone System Prepared by: Zhixin Chen (Ph.D. Student), with the assistance of Robert C. Maher (Associate Professor) Montana State University A parabolic dish microphone is like a mirror telescope for sound. A parabolic reflector is used to collect and focus sound waves

Maher, Robert C.

223

Google's Auction for TV Ads Preliminary version  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Google's Auction for TV Ads Preliminary version Noam Nisan Jason Bayer Deepak Chandra Tal Franji Robert Gardner Yossi Matias Neil Rhodes Misha Seltzer Danny Tom Hal Varian Dan Zigmond Google Inc. Abstract This document describes the auction system used by Google for allocation and pricing of TV ads

Nisan, Noam

224

SAVE: static analysis on versioning entities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Insufficiently tested software releases provoque a competition between 'exploiters' versus 'patchers'. Developing secure software from scratch greatly reduces maintenance effort. The integration of regular security checks combined with patch proposals ... Keywords: incremental analysis, secure software development, static analysis, version control system

Bastian Braun

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

NMR Sample Policy Version: 20 Jul 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NMR Sample Policy Version: 20 Jul 2006 Task: NMR Sample Preparation Equipment Used: Centrifuge, pH meter, NMR spectrometers, fumehood, fridges, freezers, tube cleaner Location: Rooms G14, G16, G23 and G24 in the Henry Wellcome Building for Biomolecular NMR Spectroscopy, University of Birmingham Hazards

Birmingham, University of

226

DOE-2 supplement: Version 2.1E  

SciTech Connect

This publication updates the DOE-2 Supplement form version 2.1D to version to 2.1E. It contains detailed discussions and instructions for using the features and enhancements introduced into the 2.1B, 2.1C, 2.1D, and 2.1E versions of the program. The building description section contains information on input functions in loads and systems, hourly report frequencies, saving files of hourly output for post processing, sharing hourly report data among program modules, the metric option, and input macros and general library features. The loads section contains information on sunspaces, sunspace modeling, window management and solar radiation, daylighting, trombe walls, fixed shades, fins and overhangs, shade schedules, self shades, heat distribution from lights, the Sherman-Grimsrud infiltrations method. terrain and height modification to wind speed, floor multipliers and interior wall types, improved exterior infrared radiation loss calculation, improved outside air film conductance calculation, window library, window frames, and switchable glazing. The systems section contains information on energy end use and meters, powered induction units, a packaged variable volume -- variable temperature system, a residential variable volume -- variable temperature system, air source heat pump enhancements, water loop heat pump enhancements, variable speed electric heat pump, gas heat pumps, hot water heaters, evaporative cooling, total gas solid-desiccant systems, add on desiccant cooling, water cooled condensers, evaporative precoolers outside air economizer control, optimum fan start, heat recovery from refrigerated case work, night ventilation, baseboard heating, moisture balance calculations, a residential natural ventilation algorithm, improved cooling coil model, system sizing and independent cooling and heating sizing ratios. The plant section contains information on energy meters, gas fired absorption chillers, engine driven compressor chillers, and ice energy storage.

Winkelmann, F.C.; Birdsall, B.E.; Buhl, W.F.; Ellington, K.L.; Erdem, A.E. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Hirsch, J.J.; Gates, S. [Hirsch (James J.) and Associates, Camarillo, CA (United States)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Development of numerical models of vertical ground heat exchangers and experimental verification : domain decomposition and state model reduction approach.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ground-source heat pump systems with vertical ground heat exchangers (GHE) are gaining popularity worldwide for their higher coefficients of performance and lower CO2 emissions. However, (more)

KIM, Eui-Jong

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

NREL: News - NREL Offers an Open-Source Solution for Large-Scale...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Version News Release NR-3613 NREL Offers an Open-Source Solution for Large-Scale Energy Data Collection and Analysis June 18, 2013 The Energy Department's National...

229

LISA and ground-based detectors for gravitational waves: An overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The gravitational wave spectrum covers many decades in frequency. Sources in the audio-frequency regime above 1 Hz are accessible to ground-based detectors while sources in the low-frequency regime can only be observed from space because of the unshieldable background of local gravitational noise on the ground and because ground-based interferometers are limited in length to a few kilometers. Laser interferometry is a promising technique to observe the minute distance changes caused by gravitational waves

Karsten Danzmann LISA Study Team

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Ground Loop Design  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground Loop Design Ground Loop Design Ground Loop Design logo Ground Loop Design is a versatile ground source heat pump system design program that helps the trained geothermal HVAC designer/engineer size equipment, determine the correct lengths of bore or pipe required for commercial projects, optimize the piping configuration for balanced flow and optimal heat transfer, and calculate the annual and lifetime energy/operating/emissions costs associated with the design. The modular program enhances design productivity and permits flexibility in the designing process and customization based on designer preferences. It also has an English/metric conversion engine and is available in many languages, providing applicability to the widest range of equipment and customers. Screen Shots

231

EPA Final Ground Water Rule Available Online, 3/07 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Final Ground Water Rule Available Online, 3/07 EPA Final Ground Water Rule Available Online, 3/07 EPA Final Ground Water Rule Available Online, 3/07 On November 8, 2006, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a final Ground Water Rule (GWR) to promote increased protection against microbial pathogens that may be present in public water systems (PWSs) that use ground water sources for their supply (these systems are known as ground water systems). This Rule establishes a risk-targeted approach to focus on ground water systems that are susceptible to fecal contamination, and requires ground water systems that are at risk of fecal contamination to take corrective action. A minor correction to the final Rule was published on November 21, 2006 (71 FR 67427). The GWR applies to all PWSs2 that use ground water

232

Special population planner, version 4.0.  

SciTech Connect

Emergencies happen every day. Many are caused by storms or auto accidents and can be planned for, if not predicted. Emergencies resulting from natural hazards often affect a large number of people, and planning for them can be difficult, since knowledge of the needs of the people involved is generally unavailable. Emergencies resulting from accidents at industrial and military facilities can also be large scale in nature if people must be evacuated or sheltered in place. Federal planning for large scale emergencies is the responsibility of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), which provides assistance to various emergency management agencies at the national, state and local level. More information about FEMA is available at http://www.fema.gov/. The purpose of the Special Population Planner (SPP) is to help emergency planners address the needs of persons with special needs. The exact definition of 'special population' is a policy decision. Policymakers have included a variety of groups in this term, such as persons with disabilities, those who do not have vehicles with which to evacuate, children who are unattended at times (latchkey children), and many others. The SPP was developed initially for the Alabama Emergency Management Agency as part of its Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP), which aids emergency planning and preparedness in communities surrounding military installations across the United States where chemical weapons are stored pending their destruction under federal law. Like that specialized application, this open-source version contains a set of specialized Geographic Information System (GIS) tools to facilitate emergency planning on behalf of persons with special needs, regardless of how the term is defined. While the original SPP system was developed for emergency planning relating to chemical hazards, it can be applied to other threats as well. It is apparent from Hurricane Katrina and other natural and man-made disasters that many of the problems posed by emergency planning for a chemical weapons agent release are shared by other hazards as well. The notion that emergency planning shares common functions underlies the decision by FEMA to include the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP) in its 'all-hazards' planning approach. The CSEPP's official planning guidance operationalizes this approach by suggesting that state and local CSEPP emergency plans 'should be appended to the existing all-hazards emergency plan.' The SPP is programmed as a set of tools within an ESRI ArcMap 9.1 project. ArcMap is a component of both ESRI ArcGIS 9.1 and ESRI ArcView 9.1, and it provides a rich GIS user interface for viewing spatial and tabular data, analyzing it, and producing output reports and maps. This GIS interface has been augmented with the SPP tools for a user interface that provides custom functionality for emergency planning. The system as released also includes some hypothetical example records for special needs populations, facilities, resources, control points and sirens sufficient for showing how the system would work with real information. A GIS database is included with some publicly available example layers. The SPP is designed to support emergency planners as they address emergency management issues, and includes capabilities that support the collection and importing of data, the review of data in a spatial context, and GIS tools for emergency planning. The SPP system allows for the identification and categorization of response zones to allow for multiple levels of preparedness. An Immediate Response Zone (IRZ) might be designated as the area 0 to 10 miles from a facility where the response would be the most urgent. SPP can support more than one set of planning zones to accommodate different types of emergencies or the different jurisdictions of emergency response organizations. These areas can be delineated by any number of criteria that make sense for the area. An area like New Orleans might designate response zones based on the depth above/below s

Kuiper, J.; Tanzman, E.; Metz, W.

2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

233

Engineering Characterization of Strong Ground Motion Recorded at Rock Sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to define the engineering characteristics of strong ground motion recorded at rock sites. Particular emphasis is placed upon resolving the factors that control the shape of response spectra in both WNA (western North America) and ENA (central and eastern North America) tectonic environments. To accomplish this objective, a simple band-limited white noise (BLWN) ground motion model employing a constant-stress-drop, single-corner-frequency, omega-square source combined with...

1995-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

234

MRC Psycholinguistic Database: Machine Usable Dictionary, Version 2.00.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MRC machine usable dictionary contains 150837 words with up to 26 linguistic and psycholinguistic attributes for each. The attributes are from sources that are publicly available, but difficult to obtain and structure into a single dictionary. Three utility programs are described which permit the selection of words defined by a set of specified attribute values, and the attribute values for a set of specified words. These programs permit the construction of word sets for psycholinguistic experiments which control for the attributes specified in the dictionary. The dictionary may also be of use to researchers in artificial intelligence and computer science who require psychological and linguistic descriptions of words. - 2 - Those wishing to construct word sets as stimuli for psycholinguistic experiments must take into account a large number of characteristics of the words (see Cutler, 1981; Whaley, 1978). The Medical Research Council (MRC) Psycholinguistic Database version 1, was...

Michael Wilson; Michael Wilson; Oxon Ox Qx; Philip Quinlan

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Ground potential rise monitor  

SciTech Connect

A device and method for detecting ground potential rise (GPR) comprising positioning a first electrode and a second electrode at a distance from each other into the earth. The voltage of the first electrode and second electrode is attenuated by an attenuation factor creating an attenuated voltage. The true RMS voltage of the attenuated voltage is determined creating an attenuated true RMS voltage. The attenuated true RMS voltage is then multiplied by the attenuation factor creating a calculated true RMS voltage. If the calculated true RMS voltage is greater than a first predetermined voltage threshold, a first alarm is enabled at a local location. If user input is received at a remote location acknowledging the first alarm, a first alarm acknowledgment signal is transmitted. The first alarm acknowledgment signal is then received at which time the first alarm is disabled.

Allen, Zachery W. (Mandan, ND); Zevenbergen, Gary A. (Arvada, CO)

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

236

"Y/N","Status","Efficiency Measure(s)/ECMs","System Type","End Use","Grid","Fed or Indian","RECs Retained","Scope","Term","Purchased","Biomass1","Biomass2","Funding Source","Fleet Strategy","Vehicle","Size","Fuel","Fleet Fund","Compliance Path","GP Status","Version","HPSB","2015 Status","Power data"  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Y/N","Status","Efficiency Measure(s)/ECMs","System Type","End Use","Grid","Fed or Indian","RECs Retained","Scope","Term","Purchased","Biomass1","Biomass2","Funding Source","Fleet Strategy","Vehicle","Size","Fuel","Fleet Fund","Compliance Path","GP Status","Version","HPSB","2015 Status","Power data" Y/N","Status","Efficiency Measure(s)/ECMs","System Type","End Use","Grid","Fed or Indian","RECs Retained","Scope","Term","Purchased","Biomass1","Biomass2","Funding Source","Fleet Strategy","Vehicle","Size","Fuel","Fleet Fund","Compliance Path","GP Status","Version","HPSB","2015 Status","Power data" "No","Identified","Advanced Metering Systems","Biomass","Excluded","Electric On-Grid","On Federal or Indian Land, On User Site",0,"Scope 1","Long-Term (> 10)","Electric Renewable Energy","Agricultural byproducts","NA","Line Item","Acquire More Fuel-Efficient Vehicles","Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)","Buses","B100","Direct","Guiding Principles","Met",2.2,"LEED® Certified","D&D in Progress","Actual"

237

Pedro Communications Patch for All Versions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pedro Communications Patch for All Versions Pedro Communications Patch for All Versions Released: March 2007 NOTICE TO NEW PEDRO 6.2 USERS The following process corrects the following error: Application Terminated. Error accessing external object property hostname… This error is due to some Pedro 6.2 Installation CD's that are missing a required Pedro 6.2 ActiveX component. This component allows for the connection and transfer of your Pedro 6.2 entered survey data to the EIA anonymous ftp server. Please follow the instructions below to correct this issue: Close Pedro\Pedro Communications if either one is currently running on your PC. Click on the following link EXE. Click the Save button to save the self-extracting zip file csftp32.exe to your Desktop or temporary directory. When the Download Complete dialog box pops up, click Run to install the patch.

238

Version 2 Global Fire Emissions Database Available  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Fire Emissions Database Available Global Fire Emissions Database Available The ORNL DAAC announces the release of the data set "Global Fire Emissions Database, Version 2 (GFEDv2)." This data set, which supersedes and replaces the Global Fire Emissions Database, Version 1 (GFEDv1), consists of 1 degree x 1 degree gridded monthly burned area, fuel loads, combustion completeness, and fire emissions of carbon (C), carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4), non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC), molecular hydrogen (H2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), nitrous oxide (N2O), particulate matter (PM2.5), total particulate matter (TPM), total carbon (TC), organic carbon (OC), and black carbon (BC) for the time period January 1997 - December 2004. For more information or to access this data set, please see the Vegetation

239

HRA Calculator Version 4.2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HRA Calculator analyzes and calculates human error probabilities in support of probabilistic risk assessments. HRA Calculator takes a 8220toolboxapproach that uses a variety of HRA methods. The PRA Tools / HRA Calculator User Group was formed in 2000 to address the industryneed for HRA tools and to encourage consistency in HRA results. Version 4.2 adds value by expanding the HRA Calculator methods applied, overcoming past limitations on particular parameters, improving the dependency analysis features, ...

2010-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

240

HRA Calculator, Version 4.21 DEMO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HRA Calculator analyzes and calculates human error probabilities in support of probabilistic risk assessments. HRA Calculator takes a toolbox approach that uses a variety of HRA methods. The PRA Tools / HRA Calculator User Group was formed in 2000 to address the industrys need for HRA tools and to encourage consistency in HRA results. Version 4.21 adds value by expanding the HRA Calculator methods applied, overcoming past limitations on particular parameters, improving the ...

2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Spider 2, Version 2.1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Spider 2, Version 2.1 software application (product ID # 1016529) allows a user to create a detailed assessment plan for evaluating the conditions of equipment, systems, processes and plans, and to make quantitative decisions based on qualitative data. Description Using basic concepts and technology developed over the years by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), the Spider 2 software application provides a unique method for an organization to automate assessments of equipment, systems ...

2008-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

242

User s Guide for REFoffSpec Version 1.5.4  

SciTech Connect

This document is a user s guide for the IDL software REFoffSpec version 1.5.4 whose purpose is to aggregate for analysis NeXus data files from the magnetism and liquids reflectometer experiments at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Spallation Neutron Source. The software is used to scale and align multiple data files that constitute a continuous set for an experimental run. The User s Guide for REFoffSepc explains step by step the process using a specific example run. Output screens are provided to orient the user at each step. The guide documents in detail changes made to the original REFoffSpec code during the period November 2009 and January 2011. At the time of the completion of this version of the code it was accessible from the sns_tools interface as a beta version.

Ward, Richard C [ORNL; Bilheux, Jean-Christophe [ORNL; Lauter, Valeria [ORNL; Ambaye, Haile Arena [ORNL

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

EPICS Version 4 - Implementing Complex Data Types  

SciTech Connect

Through phase 1 and phase 2 SBIR grants, s fully functional I/O Controller and communication protocol for version 4 of EPICS is completed. This new software architecture provides a flexible and extendible architecture. Version 4 is implemented fully in Java. The performance metrics look promising. The final portion of phase 2 is to optimize the communication mechanisms. Subsequent work on different aspects of this are required to provide a viable solutions in various areas. Version 3 of EPICS is able to provide a platform for implementing channel based control, because the channel and attributes for time stamping, alarm, display and control were narrow, well defined, and complete. To extend EPICS functionality beyond this, it is necessary to define attributes needed for archive data, array, image data, and directory services. The proper handling of several array types enables the development of middle layer servers such as orbit and bump control in accelerators. Phase 1 should produce a well defined, reviewed, and agreed upon definition of the metadata required for these services. A Phase 2 grant would provide tools that implemented archiving, general array, imaging, and directory applications.

Marty Kraimer,; John dalesio

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

244

Ground-Based and Airborne (PMS 2-D Probe Canister-Mounted) 183 GHz Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground-Based and Airborne (PMS 2-D Probe Canister-Mounted) 183 GHz Water Ground-Based and Airborne (PMS 2-D Probe Canister-Mounted) 183 GHz Water Vapor Radiometer Pazmany, Andrew ProSensing Inc. Category: Instruments ProSensing Inc. has developed a G-band (183 GHz, 1.5 mm wavelength) water vapor radiometer (GVR) for the measurement of low concentrations of atmospheric water vapor and liquid water. The instrument's precipitable water vapor measurement precision is approximately 0.01 mm in dry (<2 mm vapor column) conditions. The ground-based version of the instrument was first deployed at ProSensing's facility in Amherst, MA in February 2005, then at the North Slope of Alaska DOE ARM site in Barrow AK in April 2005, where it has been continuously operating since. An airborne version, designed to operate from a standard PMS 2-D probe canister, is now being

245

Facility HVAC System Conversion to Ground Source Heat Pump Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ventilators will utilize the hot water to "temper" outdoor air ventilation. Although the heat pump modules can provide both heating and cooling, the space requires heating only....

246

Enhancement of heat transfer for ground source heat pump systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Uptake of geothermal heat pump (GSHP) systems has been slow in some parts of the world due to the unpredictable operational performance, large installation space (more)

Mori, Hiromi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

SIMULATION AND OPTIMAL CONTROL OF HYBRID GROUND SOURCE HEAT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.7 Annual hourly building load for the office building in Tulsa, OK................ 240 Figure 6.8 Main Figure 7.1 Office building loads for El Paso, TX.16 System loads and heat pump power consumptions of office and motel #12;xx building in Tulsa, OK

248

North Village Ground Source Heat Pump Project Geothermal Project...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Higher education has appropriately become the seedbed of the burgeoning sustainability movement. Colleges and universities have a responsibility to model sustainable...

249

ADVANCES IN MODELING OF GROUND-SOURCE HEAT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

] K. C. Toh, X. Y. Chen, and J. C. Chai, "Numerical computation of fluid flow and heat transfer journal and conference papers. His current research interests include heat transfer and fluid-flow to substantially increase the heat transfer coefficient when a fluid is passing through microchannels. Heat sinks

250

Optimal Ground-Source Heat Pump System Design Geothermal Project...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

design tool with a groundwater flow and heat transport modeling software allowing the modeling of vertical and pondlake loops in different climate zones and building types in the...

251

Education and Collection Facility (ECF) Ground Source Heat Pump...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Collection Facility (ECF) addition. In 2007, Denver voters passed a 30 million dollar bond initiative that will cover approximately 57% of the cost of the ECF. A fraction...

252

Ground Water Management Regulations (Louisiana) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ground Water Management Regulations (Louisiana) Ground Water Management Regulations (Louisiana) Eligibility Agricultural Construction Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial...

253

A versatile and user-oriented versioning file system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

File versioning is a useful technique for recording a history of changes. Applications of versioning include backups and disaster recovery, as well as monitoring intruders' activities. Alas, modern systems do not include an automatic and easy-to-use ...

Kiran-Kumar Muniswamy-Reddy; Charles P. Wright; Andrew Himmer; Erez Zadok

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

NREL: About NREL - NREL Overview Video (Text Version)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NREL Overview Video (Text Version) This is a text only version for the NREL Overview video. Learn more about NREL here on the NREL Overview page. Dr. Dan Arvizu, Laboratory...

255

Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LED Replacements...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Text-Alternative Version: LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LED Replacements for Linear...

256

ORNL NASA DAAC Announces Beta Test Version for Advanced Search  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Test Version for Advanced Search The ORNL NASA DAAC is pleased to announce the public beta test release of the new version of our Mercury Advanced Search tool. Mercury is a...

257

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- THERM 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Certified Version THERM 6.3.46 (5252012) Release Notes NOTES: CMAST is only compatible with this version WINDOW 6.3 DOCUMENTATION KNOWLEDGE BASE FORUM Last Updated: 08302013...

258

BBSLA Chile (031710) Spanish (Global Version 031710) 1 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BBSLA Chile (031710) Spanish (Global Version 031710) 1 CONTRATO DE LICENCIA DE SOLUCIN BLACKBERRY FAVOR LEER ESTE ...

259

NIST - Version history of the fundamental constants database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Version history These are the 2010 CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants, the latest CODATA values available. ...

260

Mineral Oil Spill Evaluation System -- Multi Phase Code, Version 3.0 (MOSES-MP)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The MOSES-MP Version 3.0 software for Windows-based PC computers provides an easy-to-use method for predicting the likelihood of mineral oil spills from substations or other fluids from aboveground storage tanks reaching groundwater or nearby surface water. MOSES-MP also predicts the quantity of oil that infiltrates the ground beneath electrical equipment and provides soil saturation profiles at user-specified times. The effects of frozen days and fire events can also be evaluated. Options allow the user...

2002-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

COMPARATIVE STUDY AMONG HYBRID GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEM, COMPLETE GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP AND CONVENTIONAL HVAC SYSTEM  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this paper, a hotel with hybrid geothermal heat pump system (HyGSHP) in the Pensacola is selected and simulated by the transient simulation software package TRNSYS [1]. To verify the simulation results, the validations are conducted by using the monthly average entering water temperature, monthly facility consumption data, and etc. And three types of HVAC systems are compared based on the same building model and HVAC system capacity. The results are presented to show the advantages and disadvantages of HyGSHP compared with the other two systems in terms of energy consumptions, life cycle cost analysis.

Jiang Zhu; Yong X. Tao

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Coal mine ground control. 3rd ed.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The third edition not only completely revises and updates the original subject areas, but also is broadened to include a number of new topics such as high horizontal stresses, computer modeling, and highwall stability. The subject areas covered in this book define the current field of coal mine ground control, except for the recently emerging topic of mine seals and some conventional subjects such as coal/rock cutting and impoundment dams. It contains 1,134 references from all published sources, and archived since 1876.

Peng, S.S.

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

263

TOUGH2 User's Guide Version 2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

TOUGH2 is a numerical simulator for nonisothermal flows of multicomponent, multiphase fluids in one, two, and three-dimensional porous and fractured media. The chief applications for which TOUGH2 is designed are in geothermal reservoir engineering, nuclear waste disposal, environmental assessment and remediation, and unsaturated and saturated zone hydrology. TOUGH2 was first released to the public in 1991; the 1991 code was updated in 1994 when a set of preconditioned conjugate gradient solvers was added to allow a more efficient solution of large problems. The current Version 2.0 features several new fluid property modules and offers enhanced process modeling capabilities, such as coupled reservoir-wellbore flow, precipitation and dissolution effects, and multiphase diffusion. Numerous improvements in previously released modules have been made and new user features have been added, such as enhanced linear equation solvers, and writing of graphics files. The T2VOC module for three-phase flows of water, air and a volatile organic chemical (VOC), and the T2DM module for hydrodynamic dispersion in 2-D flow systems have been integrated into the overall structure of the code and are included in the Version 2.0 package. Data inputs are upwardly compatible with the previous version. Coding changes were generally kept to a minimum, and were only made as needed to achieve the additional functionalities desired. TOUGH2 is written in standard FORTRAN77 and can be run on any platform, such as workstations, PCs, Macintosh, mainframe and supercomputers, for which appropriate FORTRAN compilers are available. This report is a self-contained guide to application of TOUGH2 to subsurface flow problems. It gives a technical description of the TOUGH2 code, including a discussion of the physical processes modeled, and the mathematical and numerical methods used. Illustrative sample problems are presented along with detailed instructions for preparing input data.

Pruess, K.; Oldenburg, C.M.; Moridis, G.J.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Sources of Eddy Kinetic Energy in the Labrador Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments with a suite of North Atlantic general circulation models are used to examine the sources of eddy kinetic energy (EKE) in the Labrador Sea. A high-resolution model version (112) quantitatively reproduces the observed signature. A ...

Carsten Eden; Claus Bning

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LED Essentials -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Essentials - Technology, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages to someone Essentials - Technology, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LED Essentials - Technology, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LED Essentials - Technology, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LED Essentials - Technology, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LED Essentials - Technology, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LED Essentials - Technology, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages on Digg

266

Widget:PrintFullVersionButton | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PrintFullVersionButton PrintFullVersionButton Jump to: navigation, search This widget creates a button, which create a button matching the PrintPDF button style, which will direct the user to the assembled page. This template assumes the existence of the PrintPDFButton widget and template. Parameters page - The wiki address of the assembled page, or full version to be printed. cover - The name of a wiki page to use as a cover page (optional) Dependencies Template:PrintFullVersionButton Template:PrintPDFButton Widget:PrintPDFButton Usage This Widget assumes the existence of HTML elements created by the PrintFullVersionButton template, and is called via that template. {{PrintFullVersionButton}} Example {{PrintFullVersionButton}} (displays in the upper right corner of the page) Retrieved from

267

Optimal query/update tradeoffs in versioned dictionaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

External-memory dictionaries are a fundamental data structure in file systems and databases. Versioned (or fully-persistent) dictionaries have an associated version tree where queries can be performed at any version, updates can be performed on leaf versions, and any version can be `cloned' by adding a child. Various query/update tradeoffs are known for unversioned dictionaries, many of them with matching upper and lower bounds. No fully-versioned external-memory dictionaries are known with optimal space/query/update tradeoffs. In particular, no versioned constructions are known that offer updates in $o(1)$ I/Os using O(N) space. We present the first cache-oblivious and cache-aware constructions that achieve a wide range of optimal points on this tradeoff.

Byde, Andrew

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

ISG8-RF Sources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RF Sources - (WG3) RF Sources - (WG3) Orange Rm Yong Ho Chin, Christopher Nantista, and Sami G. Tantawi Parallel Sessions: Working Groups: WG1: Parameters, Design, Instrumentation and Tuning WG2: Damping Rings and ATF WG3: RF Sources WG4:Structures WG5: Ground Motion; Site Requirements and Investigations Monday Morning 9:00-10:30 Plenary Coffee Break 11:00-12:00 Planning Session. Monday Afternoon 13:30-15:30 High Gradient Issues (Joint with working group 4) Coffee Break 16:00-16:30 The 8-Pack Project -- D. Atkinson 16:30-17:30 High Gradient Issues and Discussions Continued. Tuesday Morning 9:30-10:30 Klystrons 9:30-10:00 Status of PPM Klystron Development for JLC -- Y. H. Chin 10:00-10:30 Design of 150MW Multi-Beam Klystron -- S. Matsumoto Coffee Break 11:00-11:30 Klystron Development at SLAC -- G. Caryotakis

269

Ground Motion Model of the SLAC Site ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

motion p(?, L) can be written as p(?, L) = p(?)2(1 ? c(?, L)) which in turn can be transformed into P(?, k) [9]. We present a ground motion model for the SLAC site. This Measurements [2, 6] show that the fast motion in a rea-model is based on recent ground motion studies performed sonably quiet site consists primarily of elastic waves prop-at SLAC as well as on historical data. The model includes agating with a high velocity v (of the order of km/s). wave-like, diffusive and systematic types of motion. An The correlation is then completely defined by this velocity attempt is made to relate measurable secondary properties (which may be a function of frequency) and by the distri-of the ground motion with more basic characteristics such bution of the noise sources. In the case where the waves as the layered geological structure of the surrounding earth, propagate on the surface and are distributed uniformly in depth of the tunnel, etc. This model is an essential step in azimuthal angle, the correlation is given by c(?, L) = evaluating sites for a future linear collider. ?cos(?L/v cos(?))?? = J0(?L/v) and the corresponding 2-D spectrum of the ground motion is P(?, k) = 2p(?) / ? (?/v(f)) 2 ? k2, |k | ? ?/v(f). The absolute power spectrum of the fast motion, assumed for the SLAC model, corresponds to measurements performed at 2 AM in one of the quietest locations at SLAC, sector 10 of the linac [2], (see Fig.1). The spatial properties are defined by the phase velocity found from correlation measurements v(f) = 450 + 1900 exp(?f/2) (with v in m/s, f in Hz) [2]. 1

Andrei Seryi; Tor Raubenheimer

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Ground Magnetics At Coso Geothermal Area (1984) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Ground Magnetics At Coso Geothermal Area (1984) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics At Coso Geothermal Area (1984) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Ground Magnetics Activity Date 1984 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes The magnetic intensity contours match general geologic patterns in varying rock types. Hydrothermally altered rocks along intersecting fault zones show up as strong magnetic lows that form a triangular-shaped area. This area is centered in an area of highest heat flow and is a site of

271

HIGH VOLTAGE ION SOURCE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device is described for providing a source of molecular ions having a large output current and with an accelerated energy of the order of 600 kv. Ions are produced in an ion source which is provided with a water-cooled source grid of metal to effect maximum recombination of atomic ions to molecular ions. A very high accelerating voltage is applied to withdraw and accelerate the molecular ions from the source, and means are provided for dumping the excess electrons at the lowest possible potentials. An accelerating grid is placed adjacent to the source grid and a slotted, grounded accelerating electrode is placed adjacent to the accelerating grid. A potential of about 35 kv is maintained between the source grid and accelerating grid, and a potential of about 600 kv is maintained between the accelerating grid and accelerating electrode. In order to keep at a minimum the large number of oscillating electrons which are created when such high voltages are employed in the vicinity of a strong magnetic field, a plurality of high voltage cascaded shields are employed with a conventional electron dumping system being employed between each shield so as to dump the electrons at the lowest possible potential rather than at 600 kv.

Luce, J.S.

1960-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

272

Ground-to-Air Gas Emission Rate Inferred from Measured Concentration Rise within a Disturbed Atmospheric Surface Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In reference to previously observed concentrations of methane released from a source enclosed by a windbreak, this paper examines a refined inverse dispersion approach for estimating the rate of emission Q from a small ground-level source, when ...

J. D. Wilson; T. K. Flesch; P. Bourdin

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

This version is dated: September 2007  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

7 7 D I S C L A I M E R This document was designed for the internal use of the United States Department of Energy. This document will be occasionally updated and, therefore, this copy may not reflect the most current version. This document was prepared as account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or

274

Network Markup Language Base Schema version 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GFD-R-P.206 GFD-R-P.206 NML-WG nml-wg@ogf.org Jeroen van der Ham, UvA (editor) Freek Dijkstra, SURFsara Roman Łapacz, PSNC Jason Zurawski, Internet2 May 2013 Network Markup Language Base Schema version 1 Status of This Document Grid Final Draft (GFD), Proposed Recommendation (R-P). Copyright Notice Copyright c Open Grid Forum (2008-2013). Some Rights Reserved. Distribution is unlim- ited. Abstract This document describes a set of normative schemas which allow the description of computer network topologies. Contents Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.1 Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.2 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.3 Notational Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

275

The Community Climate System Model Version 4  

SciTech Connect

The fourth version of the Community Climate System Model (CCSM4) was recently completed and released to the climate community. This paper describes developments to all the CCSM components, and documents fully coupled pre-industrial control runs compared to the previous version, CCSM3. Using the standard atmosphere and land resolution of 1{sup o} results in the sea surface temperature biases in the major upwelling regions being comparable to the 1.4{sup o} resolution CCSM3. Two changes to the deep convection scheme in the atmosphere component result in the CCSM4 producing El Nino/Southern Oscillation variability with a much more realistic frequency distribution than the CCSM3, although the amplitude is too large compared to observations. They also improve the representation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation, and the frequency distribution of tropical precipitation. A new overflow parameterization in the ocean component leads to an improved simulation of the deep ocean density structure, especially in the North Atlantic. Changes to the CCSM4 land component lead to a much improved annual cycle of water storage, especially in the tropics. The CCSM4 sea ice component uses much more realistic albedos than the CCSM3, and the Arctic sea ice concentration is improved in the CCSM4. An ensemble of 20th century simulations runs produce an excellent match to the observed September Arctic sea ice extent from 1979 to 2005. The CCSM4 ensemble mean increase in globally-averaged surface temperature between 1850 and 2005 is larger than the observed increase by about 0.4 C. This is consistent with the fact that the CCSM4 does not include a representation of the indirect effects of aerosols, although other factors may come into play. The CCSM4 still has significant biases, such as the mean precipitation distribution in the tropical Pacific Ocean, too much low cloud in the Arctic, and the latitudinal distributions of short-wave and long-wave cloud forcings.

Gent, Peter R.; Danabasoglu, Gokhan; Donner, Leo J.; Holland, Marika M.; Hunke, Elizabeth C.; Jayne, Steve R.; Lawrence, David M.; Neale, Richard; Rasch, Philip J.; Vertenstein, Mariana; Worley, Patrick; Yang, Zong-Liang; Zhang, Minghua

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

DISFRAC Version 2.0 Users Guide  

SciTech Connect

DISFRAC is the implementation of a theoretical, multi-scale model for the prediction of fracture toughness in the ductile-to-brittle transition temperature (DBTT) region of ferritic steels. Empirically-derived models of the DBTT region cannot legitimately be extrapolated beyond the range of existing fracture toughness data. DISFRAC requires only tensile properties and microstructural information as input, and thus allows for a wider range of application than empirical, toughness data dependent models. DISFRAC is also a framework for investigating the roles of various microstructural and macroscopic effects on fracture behavior, including carbide particle sizes, grain sizes, strain rates, and material condition. DISFRAC s novel approach is to assess the interaction effects of macroscopic conditions (geometry, loading conditions) with variable microstructural features on cleavage crack initiation and propagation. The model addresses all stages of the fracture process, from microcrack initiation within a carbide particle, to propagation of that crack through grains and across grain boundaries, finally to catastrophic failure of the material. The DISFRAC procedure repeatedly performs a deterministic analysis of microcrack initiation and propagation within a macroscopic crack plastic zone to calculate a critical fracture toughness value for each microstructural geometry set. The current version of DISFRAC, version 2.0, is a research code for developing and testing models related to cleavage fracture and transition toughness. The various models and computations have evolved significantly over the course of development and are expected to continue to evolve as testing and data collection continue. This document serves as a guide to the usage and theoretical foundations of DISFRAC v2.0. Feedback is welcomed and encouraged.

Cochran, Kristine B [ORNL; Erickson, Marjorie A [ORNL; Williams, Paul T [ORNL; Klasky, Hilda B [ORNL; Bass, Bennett Richard [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Alternative Materials for Ground Electrodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power utility companies struggle with issues resulting from copper theftespecially on transmission line support structures accessible to the public and fitted with copper grounding conductors. It is increasingly important to identify alternative materials that can be used to provide a durable grounding system yet not be targeted for theft. In response, EPRI is investigating the use of alternative materials for electrode designsexamining life expectancy, corrosion, material compatibility and current handl...

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

278

Comparison of TRMM 2A25 Products, Version 6 and Version 7, with NOAA/NSSL Ground RadarBased National Mosaic QPE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Characterization of the error associated with satellite rainfall estimates is a necessary component of deterministic and probabilistic frameworks involving spaceborne passive and active microwave measurements for applications ranging from water ...

Pierre-Emmanuel Kirstetter; Y. Hong; J. J. Gourley; M. Schwaller; W. Petersen; J. Zhang

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Sources - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

help annotate Contents Next: References Up: RamanujanModular Equations, Previous: Ramanujan's sum. Sources. [Annotate] [Shownotes]. References [7]...

280

Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Understanding and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In Situ TMP and LM-80 Reports to someone by In Situ TMP and LM-80 Reports to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Understanding and Evaluating In Situ TMP and LM-80 Reports on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Understanding and Evaluating In Situ TMP and LM-80 Reports on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Understanding and Evaluating In Situ TMP and LM-80 Reports on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Understanding and Evaluating In Situ TMP and LM-80 Reports on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Understanding and Evaluating In Situ TMP and LM-80 Reports on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Understanding and Evaluating In Situ TMP and LM-80 Reports on

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Geothermal Webinar Presentation Slides and Text Version | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Geothermal Webinar Presentation Slides and Text Version Geothermal Webinar Presentation Slides...

282

Mobile ID Device Best Practice Recommendation Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Mobile ID Device Best Practice Recommendation Version 1.0 Shahram Orandi R. Michael McCabe Information Access Division ...

2012-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

283

Tank Monitoring and Control System (TMACS) Version Description Document (VDD)  

SciTech Connect

This document updates the Version Description Document with the changes incorporated in the Revision 11.2 software installation on the Tank Monitor and Control System (TMACS).

BARNES, D.A.

2000-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

284

Electricity Grid Basics Webinar Presentation Slides and Text Version  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Download presentation slides and a text version of the audiofrom the DOE Office of Indian Energy webinar on electricity grid basics.

285

Energy Storage Valuation Tool (ESVT) Version 3.1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Energy Storage Valuation Tool (ESVT) Version 3.1 is an energy storage cost-benefit analysis simulation tool, based on ...

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Users guide Version 8 - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Form EIA-176 Query System Users guide Version 8.0 Energy Information Administration U.S. Department of Energy ...

287

Colorado Ground Water Commission | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Commission Jump to: navigation, search Name Colorado Ground Water Commission Place Colorado Website http:water.state.co.usgroun References Colorado Ground Water Commission...

288

Tax Deduction Qualified Software TRNSYS version 17.01.0016 TESS Libraries version 17.1.01  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TRNSYS version 17.01.0016 and TESS Libraries version 17.1.01 TRNSYS version 17.01.0016 and TESS Libraries version 17.1.01 On this page you'll find information about the TRNSYS version 17.01.0016 and TESS Libraries version 17.1.01 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 21 February 2013 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; The University of Wisconsin-Madison Solar Energy

289

Quantifying magnitudes and distributions of CO sources  

SciTech Connect

We use a simplified version of the GRANTOUR chemical tracer model to analyze emissions of CO from various sources. The GRANTOUR model has been simplified to include the eigenvalue chemistry solution method of Prather (1994). The analysis includes fossil fuel combustion, biomass burning, hydrocarbon oxidation, ocean, and terrestrial sources of CO. We also present a 1{degree} x 1{degree} emissions inventory of CO from fossil fuel combustion.

Dignon, J.; Penner, J. E.; Walton, J. J.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Transient analysis of grounding systems  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses the problem of computing the ground potential rise of grounding systems during transients. Finite element analysis is employed to model the constituent parts of a grounding system. Short lengths of earth embedded electrodes are characterized as transmission lines with distributed inductance, capacitance and leakage resistance to earth. Leakage resistance to earth is accurately computed with the method of moments. The other parameters of the finite element, namely inductance and capacitance, are computed from the resistance utilizing Maxwell's equations. This modeling enables the computation of the transient response of substation grounding systems to fast or slow waves striking the substation. The result is obtained in terms of a convolution of the step response of the system and the striking wave. In this way the impedance of substation systems to 60 cycles is accurately computed. Results demonstrate the dependence of the 60 cycle impedance on system parameters. The methodology allows to interface this model of a substation ground mat with the Electromagnetic Transient Analysis Program thus, allowing explicit representation of earth effects in electromagmatic transients computations.

Meliopoulos, A.P.; Moharam, M.G.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Ground Magnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Magnetics Ground Magnetics Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Ground Magnetics Details Activities (15) Areas (12) Regions (0) NEPA(1) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Magnetic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Magnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Presence of magnetic minerals such as magnetite. Stratigraphic/Structural: Mapping of basement structures, horst blocks, fault systems, fracture zones, dykes and intrusions. Hydrological: The circulation of hydrothermal fluid may impact the magnetic susceptibility of rocks. Thermal: Rocks lose their magnetic properties at the Curie temperature (580° C for magnetite) [1] and, upon cooling, remagnetize in the present magnetic field orientation. The Curie point depth in the subsurface may be determined in a magnetic survey to provide information about hydrothermal activity in a region.

292

Bigfoot Field Manual, Version 2.1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The BigFoot Project is funded by the Earth Science Enterprise to collect and organize data to be used in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Earth Observing System (EOS) Validation Program. The data collected by the BigFoot Project are unique in being ground-based observations coincident with satellite overpasses. In addition to collecting data, the BigFoot project will develop and test new algorithms for scaling point measurements to the same spatial scales as the EOS satellite products. This BigFoot Field Manual will be used to achieve completeness and consistency of data collected at four initial BigFoot sites and at future sites that may collect similar validation data. Therefore, validation datasets submitted to the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center that have been compiled in a manner consistent with the field manual will be especially valuable in the validation program.

Campbell, J.L.; Burrows, S.; Gower, S.T.; Cohen, W.B.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Ion source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic filter for an ion source reduces the production of undesired ion species and improves the ion beam quality. High-energy ionizing electrons are confined by the magnetic filter to an ion source region, where the high-energy electrons ionize gas molecules. One embodiment of the magnetic filter uses permanent magnets oriented to establish a magnetic field transverse to the direction of travel of ions from the ion source region to the ion extraction region. In another embodiment, low energy 16 eV electrons are injected into the ion source to dissociate gas molecules and undesired ion species into desired ion species.

Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA); Ehlers, Kenneth W. (Alamo, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Ground Truth: A Positive Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Flash  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the circumstances and effects of a cloud-to-ground lightning flash that lowered positive charge and struck a residential home near Albany, New York. The characteristics of the flash were detected and recorded by a wide-band magnetic ...

Vincent P. Idone; Richard E. Orville; Ronald W. Henderson

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Ground states in complex bodies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A unified framework for analyzing the existence of ground states in wide classes of elastic complex bodies is presented here. The approach makes use of classical semicontinuity results, Sobolev mappinngs and Cartesian currents. Weak diffeomorphisms are used to represent macroscopic deformations. Sobolev maps and Cartesian currents describe the inner substructure of the material elements. Balance equations for irregular minimizers are derived. A contribution to the debate about the role of the balance of configurational actions follows. After describing a list of possible applications of the general results collected here, a concrete discussion of the existence of ground states in thermodynamically stable quasicrystals is presented at the end.

Paolo Maria Mariano; Giuseppe Modica

2008-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

296

LINE-ABOVE-GROUND ATTENUATOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The line-above-ground attenuator provides a continuously variable microwave attenuator for a coaxial line that is capable of high attenuation and low insertion loss. The device consists of a short section of the line-above- ground plane type transmission lime, a pair of identical rectangular slabs of lossy material like polytron, whose longitudinal axes are parallel to and indentically spaced away from either side of the line, and a geared mechanism to adjust amd maintain this spaced relationship. This device permits optimum fineness and accuracy of attenuator control which heretofore has been difficult to achieve.

Wilds, R.B.; Ames, J.R.

1957-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

297

African Rainfall Climatology Version 2 for Famine Early Warning Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a new gridded, daily 29-yr precipitation estimation dataset centered over Africa at 0.1 spatial resolution. Called the African Rainfall Climatology, version 2 (ARC2), it is a revision of the first version of the ARC. ...

Nicholas S. Novella; Wassila M. Thiaw

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Optimal splitters for temporal and multi-version databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Temporal and multi-version databases are ideal candidates for a distributed store, which offers large storage space, and parallel and distributed processing power from a cluster of (commodity) machines. A key challenge is to achieve a good load balancing ... Keywords: multi-version databases, optimal splitters, temporal data

Wangchao Le; Feifei Li; Yufei Tao; Robert Christensen

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Climate Sensitivity of the Community Climate System Model, Version 4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Equilibrium climate sensitivity of the Community Climate System Model, version 4 (CCSM4) is 3.20C for 1 horizontal resolution in each component. This is about a half degree Celsius higher than in the previous version (CCSM3). The transient ...

C. M. Bitz; K. M. Shell; P. R. Gent; D. A. Bailey; G. Danabasoglu; K. C. Armour; M. M. Holland; J. T. Kiehl

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Underwater Vehicles hal-00733797,version1-19Sep2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater Vehicles hal-00733797,version1-19Sep2012 Author manuscript, published in "Underwater Vehicles (2009) 525-538" #12;hal-00733797,version1-19Sep2012 #12;Underwater Vehicles Edited by Alexander V from: publication@intechweb.org First published January 2009 Printed in Croatia Underwater Vehicles

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

LCTA Windows Program Tutorial Learning LCTA Version 1.0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LCTA Windows Program Tutorial Learning LCTA Version 1.0 By William Sprouse CENTER FOR ECOLOGICAL Spring 1996 #12;LCTA Windows Program Tutorial Learning LCTA Version 1.0 Prepared by William Sprouse Cover.1.2 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE WINDOWS ENVIRONMENT 4 2.2 GETTING STARTED 5 2.2.1 STARTING A SESSION 5 2.2.2 GETTING HELP 6

302

HETS User Guide Version 0.98  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The central idea of the Heterogeneous Tool Set (HETS) is to provide an open source general framework for formal methods integration and proof management. One can think of HETS acting like a motherboard where different expansion cards can be plugged in, the expansion cards here being individual logics

Till Mossakowski; Christian Maeder; Mihai Codescu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

DARPA Learning Applied to Ground Robots (LAGR)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DARPA Learning Applied to Ground Robots (LAGR) Project (Concluded). Summary: The National Institute of Standards ...

2012-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

304

Home Energy Score Pilot Analysis Webinar (Text Version) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pilot Analysis Webinar (Text Version) Pilot Analysis Webinar (Text Version) Home Energy Score Pilot Analysis Webinar (Text Version) Below is a text version of the webinar titled "Home Energy Score: Analysis and Improvements to Date," originally presented on July 24, 2012. In addition to this text version of the audio, you can access the presentation slides and a recording of the webinar. Slide 2: To date based on the pilot findings, tell you a little bit about the analysis that we did over the last year or so, partly from the pilots and then also through another piece of analysis that NREL did for us using model data and also utility bill data. And then, finally I will tell you a little bit about our next steps and what were are planning as we move forward with implementation, both in terms of implementation, but with an

305

Energy 101: Home Energy Checkup (Text Version) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

101: Home Energy Checkup (Text Version) 101: Home Energy Checkup (Text Version) Energy 101: Home Energy Checkup (Text Version) April 2, 2012 - 5:25pm Addthis Energy 101: Home Energy Checkup (Text Version) Below is the text version for the Home Energy Checkup 101 video. The video opens with "Energy 101: Home Energy Checkup." A computer-generated image shows money flying out of the windows of a house. In any season, a leaky home costs money. How do you stop it? It starts with a comprehensive home energy checkup. The video switches to a shot of an inspector walking through a house and doing various tasks: reading an infrared gage, putting on a mask, checking the insulation, checking wiring in the attic, checking lighting fixtures. That's a series of tests and inspections to find out where your house could

306

BEDES Version 1.0 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Version 1.0 Version 1.0 BEDES Version 1.0 Lawrence Berkeley National Lab is leading development of BEDES version 1, which will be finalized in mid-2014. Please see Lawrence Berkeley National Lab's BEDES website for updates on Version 1. The current BEDES beta form is publically available on the BEDES beta page. Scoping Study The Energy Department has been working to bring all of its programs, projects and tools that deal with empirical information about building energy performance into alignment using a common data format. As BEDES was being developed and implemented internally, many state and local governments, energy efficiency program administrators, and private software developers approached DOE with interest in utilizing the data format for their own projects. DOE therefore commissioned a scoping study to explore

307

Home Energy Score Program Update Webinar (Text Version) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Update Webinar (Text Version) Program Update Webinar (Text Version) Home Energy Score Program Update Webinar (Text Version) Below is a text version of the webinar titled "Home Energy Score: Program Update for Interested Stakeholders," originally presented on July 23, 2012. In addition to this text version of the audio, you can access the presentation slides and a recording of the webinar. Joan Glickman: Slide 1: Thank you very much and good afternoon, or good morning to those of you on the west coast. Thanks for calling in and viewing today. As Cortney said, I am going to spend, I don't know maybe a half an hour going through our program update and we will take questions, so maybe we can have 15 minutes for questions and the last 15 minutes I can go through some slides that are specifically for those types of organizations who might be

308

LBNL Window & Daylighting Software -- WINDOW 6 Research Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 Last Updated: 12/29/2013 If you find bugs, or have comments about this version, please do not hesitate to send an email to WINDOWHelp@lbl.gov to report your findings. Getting feedback from users is how we improve the program. WINDOW 7.2 (7.2.29) (12/29/2013) Release Notes -- Please read these before running this version ! This version contains these new modeling features Honeycomb shades Dynamic Glazing (Thermochromic and Electrochromic) This version is compatible with THERM 7.1 Please send us emails as you find issues in the program -- that is the only way that we can make it more robust. We hope to iterate versions fairly quickly in the next month or so to get the bugs ironed out. Radiance for WINDOW 7 Get a copy of Radiance for WINDOW 7.2 Must be used with WINDOW 7.0.59 or later

309

Energy 101: Home Energy Checkup (Text Version) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy 101: Home Energy Checkup (Text Version) Energy 101: Home Energy Checkup (Text Version) Energy 101: Home Energy Checkup (Text Version) April 2, 2012 - 5:25pm Addthis Energy 101: Home Energy Checkup (Text Version) Below is the text version for the Home Energy Checkup 101 video. The video opens with "Energy 101: Home Energy Checkup." A computer-generated image shows money flying out of the windows of a house. In any season, a leaky home costs money. How do you stop it? It starts with a comprehensive home energy checkup. The video switches to a shot of an inspector walking through a house and doing various tasks: reading an infrared gage, putting on a mask, checking the insulation, checking wiring in the attic, checking lighting fixtures. That's a series of tests and inspections to find out where your house could

310

GCFM Users Guide Revision for Model Version 5.0  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper documents alterations made to the MITRE/DOE Geothermal Cash Flow Model (GCFM) in the period of September 1980 through September 1981. Version 4.0 of GCFM was installed on the computer at the DOE San Francisco Operations Office in August 1980. This Version has also been distributed to about a dozen geothermal industry firms, for examination and potential use. During late 1980 and 1981, a few errors detected in the Version 4.0 code were corrected, resulting in Version 4.1. If you are currently using GCFM Version 4.0, it is suggested that you make the changes to your code that are described in Section 2.0. User's manual changes listed in Section 3.0 and Section 4.0 should then also be made.

Keimig, Mark A.; Blake, Coleman

1981-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

311

Home Energy Score Update (text version) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Update (text version) Update (text version) Home Energy Score Update (text version) Below is a text version of the Webinar titled "Home Energy Score Update," originally presented on November 17, 2010. In addition to this text version of the audio, you can access the presentation slides and a recording of the Webinar (WMV 58 MB). Joan Glickman: We'll get through as many as we can in the next half an hour. [Next Slide] So as many of you probably know, this all started through the Recovery Through Retrofit effort which was initiated by the Middle Class Task Force out of the Office of the Vice President. That task force identified three major barriers standing in the way to greater use of and investment in home energy improvements around the country. And what they identified as the

312

Investigation of Ground-Fault Protection Devices for Photovoltaic Power Systems Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photovoltaic (PV) power systems, like other electrical systems, may be subject to unexpected ground faults. Installed PV systems always have invisible elements other than those indicated by their electrical schematics. Stray inductance, capacitance and resistance are distributed throughout the system. Leakage currents associated with the PV modules, the interconnected array, wires, surge protection devices and conduit add up and can become large enough to look like a ground-fault. PV systems are frequently connected to other sources of power or energy storage such as batteries, standby generators, and the utility grid. This complex arrangement of distributed power and energy sources, distributed impedance and proximity to other sources of power requires sensing of ground faults and proper reaction by the ground-fault protection devices. The different dc grounding requirements (country to country) often add more confusion to the situation. This paper discusses the ground-fault issues associated with both the dc and ac side of PV systems and presents test results and operational impacts of backfeeding commercially available ac ground-fault protection devices under various modes of operation. Further, the measured effects of backfeeding the tripped ground-fault devices for periods of time comparable to anti-islanding allowances for utility interconnection of PV inverters in the United States are reported.

BOWER,WARD I.; WILES,JOHN

2000-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

313

Competitive Sourcing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

COMPETITIVE SOURCING COMPETITIVE SOURCING ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ Report on Competitive Sourcing Results Fiscal Year 2006 May 2007 Executive Office of the President Office of Management and Budget TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary ...................................................................................... 1 Introduction................................................................................................. 4 I. The big picture ......................................................................................... 4 II. How public-private competition was used in FY 2006 .................................... 6 A. Anticipated benefits from competition in FY 2006

314

Predictions for the Rates of Compact Binary Coalescences Observable by Ground-based Gravitational-wave Detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an up-to-date, comprehensive summary of the rates for all types of compact binary coalescence sources detectable by the Initial and Advanced versions of the ground-based gravitational-wave detectors LIGO and Virgo. Astrophysical estimates for compact-binary coalescence rates depend on a number of assumptions and unknown model parameters, and are still uncertain. The most confident among these estimates are the rate predictions for coalescing binary neutron stars which are based on extrapolations from observed binary pulsars in our Galaxy. These yield a likely coalescence rate of 100 per Myr per Milky Way Equivalent Galaxy (MWEG), although the rate could plausibly range from 1 per Myr per MWEG to 1000 per Myr per MWEG. We convert coalescence rates into detection rates based on data from the LIGO S5 and Virgo VSR2 science runs and projected sensitivities for our Advanced detectors. Using the detector sensitivities derived from these data, we find a likely detection rate of 0.02 per year for Initial LIGO-Virgo interferometers, with a plausible range between 0.0002 and 0.2 per year. The likely binary neutron-star detection rate for the Advanced LIGO-Virgo network increases to 40 events per year, with a range between 0.4 and 400 per year.

LIGO Scientific Collaboration; Virgo Collaboration; J. Abadie; B. P. Abbott; R. Abbott; M Abernathy; T. Accadia; F. Acernese; C. Adams; R. Adhikari; P. Ajith; B. Allen; G. Allen; E. Amador Ceron; R. S. Amin; S. B. Anderson; W. G. Anderson; F. Antonucci; S. Aoudia; M. A. Arain; M. Araya; M. Aronsson; K. G. Arun; Y. Aso; S. Aston; P. Astone; D. E. Atkinson; P. Aufmuth; C. Aulbert; S. Babak; P. Baker; G. Ballardin; S. Ballmer; D. Barker; S. Barnum; F. Barone; B. Barr; P. Barriga; L. Barsotti; M. Barsuglia; M. A. Barton; I. Bartos; R. Bassiri; M. Bastarrika; J. Bauchrowitz; Th. S. Bauer; B. Behnke; M. G. Beker; M. Benacquista; A. Bertolini; J. Betzwieser; N. Beveridge; P. T. Beyersdorf; S. Bigotta; I. A. Bilenko; G. Billingsley; J. Birch; S. Birindelli; R. Biswas; M. Bitossi; M. A. Bizouard; E. Black; J. K. Blackburn; L. Blackburn; D. Blair; B. Bland; M. Blom; A. Blomberg; C. Boccara; O. Bock; T. P. Bodiya; R. Bondarescu; F. Bondu; L. Bonelli; R. Bork; M. Born; S. Bose; L. Bosi; M. Boyle; S. Braccini; C. Bradaschia; P. R. Brady; V. B. Braginsky; J. E. Brau; J. Breyer; D. O. Bridges; A. Brillet; M. Brinkmann; V. Brisson; M. Britzger; A. F. Brooks; D. A. Brown; R. Budzy?ski; T. Bulik; H. J. Bulten; A. Buonanno; J. Burguet--Castell; O. Burmeister; D. Buskulic; R. L. Byer; L. Cadonati; G. Cagnoli; E. Calloni; J. B. Camp; E. Campagna; P. Campsie; J. Cannizzo; K. C. Cannon; B. Canuel; J. Cao; C. Capano; F. Carbognani; S. Caride; S. Caudill; M. Cavagli; F. Cavalier; R. Cavalieri; G. Cella; C. Cepeda; E. Cesarini; T. Chalermsongsak; E. Chalkley; P. Charlton; E. Chassande-Mottin; S. Chelkowski; Y. Chen; A. Chincarini; N. Christensen; S. S. Y. Chua; C. T. Y. Chung; D. Clark; J. Clark; J. H. Clayton; F. Cleva; E. Coccia; C. N. Colacino; J. Colas; A. Colla; M. Colombini; R. Conte; D. Cook; T. R. Corbitt; C. Corda; N. Cornish; A. Corsi; C. A. Costa; J. -P. Coulon; D. Coward; D. C. Coyne; J. D. E. Creighton; T. D. Creighton; A. M. Cruise; R. M. Culter; A. Cumming; L. Cunningham; E. Cuoco; K. Dahl; S. L. Danilishin; R. Dannenberg; S. D'Antonio; K. Danzmann; A. Dari; K. Das; V. Dattilo; B. Daudert; M. Davier; G. Davies; A. Davis; E. J. Daw; R. Day; T. Dayanga; R. De Rosa; D. DeBra; J. Degallaix; M. del Prete; V. Dergachev; R. DeRosa; R. DeSalvo; P. Devanka; S. Dhurandhar; L. Di Fiore; A. Di Lieto; I. Di Palma; M. Di Paolo Emilio; A. Di Virgilio; M. Daz; A. Dietz; F. Donovan; K. L. Dooley; E. E. Doomes; S. Dorsher; E. S. D. Douglas; M. Drago; R. W. P. Drever; J. C. Driggers; J. Dueck; J. -C. Dumas; T. Eberle; M. Edgar; M. Edwards; A. Effler; P. Ehrens; R. Engel; T. Etzel; M. Evans; T. Evans; V. Fafone; S. Fairhurst; Y. Fan; B. F. Farr; D. Fazi; H. Fehrmann; D. Feldbaum; I. Ferrante; F. Fidecaro; L. S. Finn; I. Fiori; R. Flaminio; M. Flanigan; K. Flasch; S. Foley; C. Forrest; E. Forsi; N. Fotopoulos; J. -D. Fournier; J. Franc; S. Frasca; F. Frasconi; M. Frede; M. Frei; Z. Frei; A. Freise; R. Frey; T. T. Fricke; D. Friedrich; P. Fritschel; V. V. Frolov; P. Fulda; M. Fyffe; L. Gammaitoni; J. A. Garofoli; F. Garufi; G. Gemme; E. Genin; A. Gennai; I. Gholami; S. Ghosh; J. A. Giaime; S. Giampanis; K. D. Giardina; A. Giazotto; C. Gill; E. Goetz; L. M. Goggin; G. Gonzlez; M. L. Gorodetsky; S. Goler; R. Gouaty; C. Graef; M. Granata; A. Grant; S. Gras; C. Gray; R. J. S. Greenhalgh; A. M. Gretarsson; C. Greverie; R. Grosso; H. Grote; S. Grunewald; G. M. Guidi; E. K. Gustafson; R. Gustafson; B. Hage; P. Hall; J. M. Hallam; D. Hammer; G. Hammond; J. Hanks; C. Hanna; J. Hanson; J. Harms; G. M. Harry; I. W. Harry; E. D. Harstad; K. Haughian; K. Hayama; J. Heefner; H. Heitmann; P. Hello; I. S. Heng; A. Heptonstall; M. Hewitson; S. Hild; E. Hirose; D. Hoak; K. A. Hodge; K. Holt; D. J. Hosken; J. Hough; E. Howell; D. Hoyland; D. Huet; B. Hughey; S. Husa; S. H. Huttner; T. Huynh--Dinh; D. R. Ingram; R. Inta; T. Isogai; A. Ivanov; P. Jaranowski; W. W. Johnson; D. I. Jones; G. Jones; R. Jones; L. Ju; P. Kalmus; V. Kalogera; S. Kandhasamy; J. Kanner; E. Katsavounidis; K. Kawabe; S. Kawamura; F. Kawazoe; W. Kells; D. G. Keppel; A. Khalaidovski; F. Y. Khalili; E. A. Khazanov; C. Kim; H. Kim; P. J. King; D. L. Kinzel; J. S. Kissel; S. Klimenko; V. Kondrashov; R. Kopparapu; S. Koranda; I. Kowalska; D. Kozak; T. Krause; V. Kringel; S. Krishnamurthy; B. Krishnan; A. Krlak; G. Kuehn; J. Kullman; R. Kumar; P. Kwee; M. Landry; M. Lang; B. Lantz; N. Lastzka; A. Lazzarini; P. Leaci; J. Leong; I. Leonor; N. Leroy; N. Letendre; J. Li; T. G. F. Li; H. Lin; P. E. Lindquist; N. A. Lockerbie; D. Lodhia; M. Lorenzini; V. Loriette; M. Lormand; G. Losurdo; P. Lu; J. Luan; M. Lubinski; A. Lucianetti; H. Lck; A. Lundgren; B. Machenschalk; M. MacInnis; J. M. Mackowski; M. Mageswaran; K. Mailand; E. Majorana; C. Mak; N. Man; I. Mandel; V. Mandic; M. Mantovani; F. Marchesoni; F. Marion; S. Mrka; Z. Mrka; E. Maros; J. Marque; F. Martelli

2010-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

315

Hanford Site ground-water monitoring for 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of the Ground-Water Surveillance Project monitoring for calendar year 1993 on the Hanford Site, Washington. Hanford Site operations from 1943 onward produced large quantities of radiological and chemical waste that have impacted ground-water quality on the Site. Monitoring of water levels and ground-water chemistry is performed to track the extent of contamination and trends in contaminant concentrations. The 1993 monitoring was also designed to identify emerging ground-water quality problems. The information obtained is used to verify compliance with applicable environmental regulations and to evaluate remedial actions. Data from other monitoring and characterization programs were incorporated to provide an integrated assessment of Site ground-water quality. Additional characterization of the Site`s geologic setting and hydrology was performed to support the interpretation of contaminant distributions. Numerical modeling of sitewide ground-water flow also supported the overall project goals. Water-level monitoring was performed to evaluate ground-water flow directions, to track changes in water levels, and to relate such changes to changes in site disposal practices. Water levels over most of the Hanford Site continued to decline between June 1992 and June 1993. The greatest declines occurred in the 200-West Area. These declines are part of the continued response to the cessation of discharge to U Pond and other disposal facilities. The low permeability in this area which enhanced mounding of waste-water discharge has also slowed the response to the reduction of disposal. Water levels remained nearly constant in the vicinity of B Pond, as a result of continued disposal to the pond. Water levels measured from wells in the unconfined aquifer north and east of the Columbia River indicate that the primary source of recharge is irrigation practices.

Dresel, P.E.; Luttrell, S.P.; Evans, J.C. [and others

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

NEUTRON SOURCES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A neutron source is obtained without employing any separate beryllia receptacle, as was formerly required. The new method is safer and faster, and affords a source with both improved yield and symmetry of neutron emission. A Be container is used to hold and react with Pu. This container has a thin isolating layer that does not obstruct the desired Pu--Be reaction and obviates procedures previously employed to disassemble and remove a beryllia receptacle. (AEC)

Richmond, J.L.; Wells, C.E.

1963-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

APS beamline standard components handbook. Version 1.1  

SciTech Connect

It is clear that most Advanced Photon Source (APS) Collaborative Access Team (CAT) members would like to concentrate on designing specialized equipment related to their scientific programs rather than on routine or standard beamline components. Thus, an effort is in progress at the APS to identify standard and modular components of APS beamlines. Identifying standard components is a nontrivial task because these components should support diverse beamline objectives. To assist with this effort, the APS has obtained advice and help from a Beamline Standardization and Modularization Committee consisting of experts in beamline design, construction, and operation. The staff of the Experimental Facilities Division identified various components thought to be standard items for beamlines, regardless of the specific scientific objective of a particular beamline. A generic beamline layout formed the basis for this identification. This layout is based on a double-crystal monochromator as the first optical element, with the possibility of other elements to follow. Pre-engineering designs were then made of the identified standard components. The Beamline Standardization and Modularization Committee has reviewed these designs and provided very useful input regarding the specifications of these components. We realize that there will be other configurations that may require special or modified components. This Handbook in its current version (1.1) contains descriptions, specifications, and pre-engineering design drawings of these standard components. In the future, the APS plans to add engineering drawings of identified standard beamline components. Use of standard components should result in major cost reductions for CATs in the areas of beamline design and construction.

Kuzay, T.M.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

A Simplified Procedure for Sizing Vertical Ground Coupled Heat Pump Heat Exchangers for Residences in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simplified technique for the sizing of vertical U-tube ground coupled heat pump (GCHP) heat exchangers for Texas climates was developed utilizing a transient simulation model of a ground coupled heat pump and weather and soil data for Texas. The simulation model discretized the ground heat exchanger into elements and computed the temperature distribution surrounding the heat exchanger on a minute-by-minute basis. Hundreds of runs were made with the model for a wide range of ground temperatures, ground thermal properties (density, thermal conductivity, and specific heat), and outdoor weather. A set of sizing charts were developed from the model runs that could provide quick reference on the size of the ground heat exchanger. Corrections for ground temperature, ground density, ground thermal conductivity, and indoor air temperature were presented. Soil temperature and thermal conductivity were found to be the most important parameters for sizing GCHP heat exchangers. Results from the simplified method were compared to two available heat exchanger sizing methods: the National Water Well Association (NWWA) and the International Ground Source Heat Pump Association (IGSHPA). The simplified method predicted shorter lengths than those from either of these two methods.

O'Neal, D. L.; Gonzalez, J. A.; Aldred, W.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Ground Gravity Survey At Rio Grande Rift Region (Aiken & Ander, 1981) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rio Grande Rift Region (Aiken & Ander, 1981) Rio Grande Rift Region (Aiken & Ander, 1981) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Rio Grande Rift Region (Aiken & Ander, 1981) Exploration Activity Details Location Rio Grande Rift Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown References Carlos L.V. Aiken, Mark E. Ander (1981) A Regional Strategy For Geothermal Exploration With Emphasis On Gravity And Magnetotellurics Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Ground_Gravity_Survey_At_Rio_Grande_Rift_Region_(Aiken_%26_Ander,_1981)&oldid=401473" Category: Exploration Activities What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

320

Ground Magnetics (Nannini, 1986) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Magnetics (Nannini, 1986) Ground Magnetics (Nannini, 1986) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics (Nannini, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Unspecified Exploration Technique Ground Magnetics Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Detection and quantitative assessment of such intrusive events can be facilitated by magnetic surveys (ground or aerial magnetic field measurements). These surveys are based on the magnetic susceptibility contrast between magmatic rocks at depth and the sedimentary formations above. References Raffaello Nannini (1986) Some Aspects Of Exploration In Non-Volcanic Areas Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Ground_Magnetics_(Nannini,_1986)&oldid=388291

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A cathodically protected electrical substation ground grid  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a discussion on the design of a cathodically protected electrical substation grounding system in which a steel ground grid and steel ground rods were used in place of the commonly used copper ground grid and copperweld ground rods. Several electrical constraints are presented which discuss common electrical utility requirements, safety considerations and economic factors. The grounding system materials which were chosen are discussed along with the means of cathodic protection. Finally, the design, construction and testing considerations are presented as an aid to others who wish to design a similar system.

Nelson, J.P.; Holm, W.K.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

BNL volume H{sup {minus}} sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An H{sup -} current of up 30 mA has been extracted from a 1 cm{sup 2} aperture in a 20 cm diameter volume source with a conical filter field. From a 9.7 cm diameter version of this source, an H{sup -} current of up to 35 mA was extracted from a 0.5 cm{sup 2} aperture.In both sources, the electron-to-H{sup -} ratio is typically < 10, and often < 5.

Alessi, J.G.; Prelec, K.; McCafferty, D.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

323

Distribution Grounding of Underground Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes Phase I of a two-phase project to assess industry practices and standards for grounding and bonding of medium-voltage underground residential distribution (URD) and underground commercial distribution (UCD) circuits and worker safety in worksites with these systems.The report includes an overview of the issues and concerns associated with underground distribution systems safety and, in particular, worker safety in worksites. It identifies the industry and utility ...

2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

324

Radiological Safety Analysis Computer (RSAC) Program Version 7.0 Users Manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Radiological Safety Analysis Computer (RSAC) Program Version 7.0 (RSAC-7) is the newest version of the RSAC legacy code. It calculates the consequences of a release of radionuclides to the atmosphere. A user can generate a fission product inventory from either reactor operating history or a nuclear criticality event. RSAC-7 models the effects of high-efficiency particulate air filters or other cleanup systems and calculates the decay and ingrowth during transport through processes, facilities, and the environment. Doses are calculated for inhalation, air immersion, ground surface, ingestion, and cloud gamma pathways. RSAC-7 can be used as a tool to evaluate accident conditions in emergency response scenarios, radiological sabotage events and to evaluate safety basis accident consequences. This users manual contains the mathematical models and operating instructions for RSAC-7. Instructions, screens, and examples are provided to guide the user through the functions provided by RSAC-7. This program was designed for users who are familiar with radiological dose assessment methods.

Dr. Bradley J Schrader

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Radiological Safety Analysis Computer (RSAC) Program Version 7.2 Users Manual  

SciTech Connect

The Radiological Safety Analysis Computer (RSAC) Program Version 7.2 (RSAC-7) is the newest version of the RSAC legacy code. It calculates the consequences of a release of radionuclides to the atmosphere. A user can generate a fission product inventory from either reactor operating history or a nuclear criticality event. RSAC-7 models the effects of high-efficiency particulate air filters or other cleanup systems and calculates the decay and ingrowth during transport through processes, facilities, and the environment. Doses are calculated for inhalation, air immersion, ground surface, ingestion, and cloud gamma pathways. RSAC-7 can be used as a tool to evaluate accident conditions in emergency response scenarios, radiological sabotage events and to evaluate safety basis accident consequences. This users manual contains the mathematical models and operating instructions for RSAC-7. Instructions, screens, and examples are provided to guide the user through the functions provided by RSAC-7. This program was designed for users who are familiar with radiological dose assessment methods.

Dr. Bradley J Schrader

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

A New Source Biasing Approach in ADVANTG  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ADVANTG code has been developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to generate biased sources and weight window maps for MCNP using the CADIS and FW-CADIS methods. In preparation for an upcoming RSICC release, a new approach for generating a biased source has been developed. This improvement streamlines user input and improves reliability. Previous versions of ADVANTG generated the biased source from ADVANTG input, writing an entirely new general fixed-source definition (SDEF). Because volumetric sources were translated into SDEF-format as a finite set of points, the user had to perform a convergence study to determine whether the number of source points used accurately represented the source region. Further, the large number of points that must be written in SDEF-format made the MCNP input and output files excessively long and difficult to debug. ADVANTG now reads SDEF-format distributions and generates corresponding source biasing cards, eliminating the need for a convergence study. Many problems of interest use complicated source regions that are defined using cell rejection. In cell rejection, the source distribution in space is defined using an arbitrarily complex cell and a simple bounding region. Source positions are sampled within the bounding region but accepted only if they fall within the cell; otherwise, the position is resampled entirely. When biasing in space is applied to sources that use rejection sampling, current versions of MCNP do not account for the rejection in setting the source weight of histories, resulting in an 'unfair game'. This problem was circumvented in previous versions of ADVANTG by translating volumetric sources into a finite set of points, which does not alter the mean history weight ({bar w}). To use biasing parameters without otherwise modifying the original cell-rejection SDEF-format source, ADVANTG users now apply a correction factor for {bar w} in post-processing. A stratified-random sampling approach in ADVANTG is under development to automatically report the correction factor with estimated uncertainty. This study demonstrates the use of ADVANTG's new source biasing method, including the application of {bar w}.

Bevill, Aaron M [ORNL; Mosher, Scott W [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

DOE Challenge Home Better Business for Builders Webinar (Text Version) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Home Better Business for Builders Webinar (Text Home Better Business for Builders Webinar (Text Version) DOE Challenge Home Better Business for Builders Webinar (Text Version) Below is a text version of the webinar titled "DOE Challenge Home: Better Business for Builders," originally presented in May 2012. In addition to this text version of the audio, you can access the presentation slides and a recording of the webinar (video). Jamie Lyons: Slide 1: Welcome to the DOE Challenge Home orientation webinar. We're glad you could join us today. My name is Jamie Lyons. I support the DOE Challenge Home program. Today's webinar is an annual training that's mandatory for our partners to participate in. Just before we get started I wanted to offer up a few logistical announcements. First of all, we have a

328

Science.gov Releases Version 5.0  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

September 15, 2008 865-576-9539 danielsc@osti.gov Science.gov Releases Version 5.0 More Science for Your Query Oak Ridge, TN - Science.gov has added valuable content, now offering...

329

NIST: Atomic Ref. Data for Electronic Structure Calc. - Version ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Version 1.5 January 2009, A section was added to Chapter 2 to address the value of the inverse fine ... atom data logo; return to database home page.

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

330

Global Fire Emissions Database, Version 3.1 Published  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fire Emissions Database, Version 3.1 Published Fire Emissions Database, Version 3.1 Published The ORNL DAAC is pleased to announce the release of the Global Fire Emissions Database, Version 3.1: Global Fire Emissions Database, Version 3.1. Data set prepared by J.T. Randerson, G.R. van der Werf, L. Giglio, G.J. Collatz, and P.S. Kasibhatla. This data set provides monthly burned area, and monthly and annual fire emissions data from July 1996 to February 2012. Emissions data are available for carbon (C), dry matter (DM), carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4), hydrogen (H2), nitrous oxide (N2O), nitrogen oxides (NOx), non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC), organic carbon (OC), black carbon (BC), particulate matter 2.5 micron (PM2p5), total particulate matter (TPM), and sulfur dioxide (SO2) among others. The C4 fraction of

331

Buildings GHG Mitigation Estimator Worksheet, Version 1 | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Buildings GHG Mitigation Estimator Worksheet, Version 1 Buildings GHG Mitigation Estimator Worksheet, Version 1 Buildings GHG Mitigation Estimator Worksheet, Version 1 Xcel document describes Version 1 of the the Buildings GHG Mitigation Estimator tool. This tool assists federal agencies in estimating the greenhouse gas mitigation reduction from implementing energy efficiency measures across a portfolio of buildings. It is designed to be applied to groups of office buildings, for example, at a program level (regional or site) that can be summarized at the agency level. While the default savings and cost estimates apply to office buildings, users can define their own efficiency measures, costs, and savings estimates for inclusion in the portfolio assessment. More information on user-defined measures can be

332

Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Webinar (text version)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5, 2010 - Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Webinar (text version) Erin Jackson: Okay, hi, everybody. This is Erin Jackson with the Department of Energy, and we welcome you to...

333

The Community Climate System Model Version 3 (CCSM3)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Community Climate System Model version 3 (CCSM3) has recently been developed and released to the climate community. CCSM3 is a coupled climate model with components representing the atmosphere, ocean, sea ice, and land surface connected by a ...

William D. Collins; Cecilia M. Bitz; Maurice L. Blackmon; Gordon B. Bonan; Christopher S. Bretherton; James A. Carton; Ping Chang; Scott C. Doney; James J. Hack; Thomas B. Henderson; Jeffrey T. Kiehl; William G. Large; Daniel S. McKenna; Benjamin D. Santer; Richard D. Smith

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

U.S. gasoline prices decreased (long version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

December 2, 2013 U.S. gasoline prices decreased (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.27 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.1 cents from a...

335

Technical Support Document for COMcheck Version 3.9.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DE-AC05-76RL01830 Technical Support Document for Version 3.9.1 of the COMcheck Software R Bartlett RG Lucas LM Connell EE Richman K Gowri RW Schultz MA Halverson DW Winiarski...

336

Methodology for Developing the REScheck Software through Version...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methodology for Developing the REScheck TM Software through Version 4.4.3 R Bartlett RW Schultz LM Connell ZT Taylor K Gowri JD Wiberg RG Lucas September 2012...

337

Simulation of sodium boiling experiments with THERMIT sodium version  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural and forced convection experiments(SBTF and French) are simulated with the sodium version of the thermal-hydraulic computer code THERMIT. Simulation is done for the test secti- -on with the pressure-velocity boundary ...

Huh, Kang Yul

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Generic Optimization Program User Manual Version 3.0.0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization Program User Manual Version 3.0.0 SimulationIt is clear that such a manual procedure is very time-optimization algorithm. This manual is structured as

Wetter, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

A Global Version of the PSUNCAR Mesoscale Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A global version of the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State UniversityNational Center for Atmospheric Research Mesoscale Model (PSUNCAR MM5) is described. The new model employs two polar stereographic projection domains centered on each pole. ...

Jimy Dudhia; James F. Bresch

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Engineering Fundamentals - Process Control Systems, Version 2.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Process Control Systems (PCS) module of Engineering Fundamentals (EF-PCS) Version 2.0 provides a basic overview of this topic, applicable to users in all engineering disciplines who are beginning their career in the nuclear power industry.The Process Control Systems Version 2.0 module covers basic terms and concepts of process control systems and discusses their applications in nuclear power plants. This course will help new engineers understand how their work might impact and/or be ...

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Heat Exchanger Workstation Condenser Application (HEWCA), Version 2.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heat Exchanger WorkstationCondenser Application (HEWCA) Version 2.0 is software used for performance analysis for steam surface condensers. Description HEWCA Version 2.0 is used to configure steam surface condensers, to run performance analyst calculations with different algorithms and to view results. The Performance Advisor Module can help the user diagnose probable causes of condenser performance deficiency. Platform Requirements Windows 2000 / XP / Vista

2008-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

342

Competitive Sourcing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Competitive Sourcing Competitive Sourcing The Department of Energy's (DOE) Competitive Sourcing program is a management initiative aimed at improving DOE's performance and reducing the Department's operational costs. The program is governed by Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A- 76, Performance of Commercial Activities, dated May 29, 2003. The commercial activities selected for review and competition include functions performed by government employees that are readily available in the private sector, and where the potential for efficiencies, regardless of the winning provider, are highly likely. The candidate functions are chosen from the Department's annual Federal Activities Inventory Reform (FAIR) Act Inventory and subjected to a feasibility review to determine if a prudent business case can be made to enter

343

Neutron source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A neutron source which is particularly useful for neutron radiography consists of a vessel containing a moderating media of relatively low moderating ratio, a flux trap including a moderating media of relatively high moderating ratio at the center of the vessel, a shell of depleted uranium dioxide surrounding the moderating media of relatively high moderating ratio, a plurality of guide tubes each containing a movable source of neutrons surrounding the flux trap, a neutron shield surrounding one part of each guide tube, and at least one collimator extending from the flux trap to the exterior of the neutron source. The shell of depleted uranium dioxide has a window provided with depleted uranium dioxide shutters for each collimator. Reflectors are provided above and below the flux trap and on the guide tubes away from the flux trap.

Cason, J.L. Jr.; Shaw, C.B.

1975-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

344

ION SOURCE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The ion source described essentially eliminater the problem of deposits of nonconducting materials forming on parts of the ion source by certain corrosive gases. This problem is met by removing both filament and trap from the ion chamber, spacing them apart and outside the chamber end walls, placing a focusing cylinder about the filament tip to form a thin collimated electron stream, aligning the cylinder, slits in the walls, and trap so that the electron stream does not bombard any part in the source, and heating the trap, which is bombarded by electrons, to a temperature hotter than that in the ion chamber, so that the tendency to build up a deposit caused by electron bombardment is offset by the extra heating supplied only to the trap.

Leland, W.T.

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

RADIATION SOURCES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel long-lived source of gamma radiation especially suitable for calibration purposes is described. The source of gamma radiation is denoted mock iodine131, which comprises a naixture of barium-133 and cesium-137. The barium and cesium are present in a barium-cesium ratio of approximately 5.7/1 to 14/1, uniformly dispersed in an ion exchange resin and a filter surrounding the resin comprised of a material of atomic number below approximately 51, and substantially 0.7 to 0.9 millimeter thick.

Brucer, M.H.

1958-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

346

NEUTRON SOURCE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A neutron source of the antimony--beryllium type is presented. The source is comprised of a solid mass of beryllium having a cylindrical recess extending therein and a cylinder containing antimony-124 slidably disposed within the cylindrical recess. The antimony cylinder is encased in aluminum. A berylliunn plug is removably inserted in the open end of the cylindrical recess to completely enclose the antimony cylinder in bsryllium. The plug and antimony cylinder are each provided with a stud on their upper ends to facilitate handling remotely.

Reardon, W.A.; Lennox, D.H.; Nobles, R.G.

1959-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

347

Warm or Steaming Ground | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Warm or Steaming Ground Warm or Steaming Ground Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Warm or Steaming Ground Dictionary.png Warm or Steaming Ground: An area where geothermal heat is conducted to the earth's surface, warming the ground and sometimes causing steam to form when water is present. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Modern Geothermal Features Typical list of modern geothermal features Hot Springs Fumaroles Warm or Steaming Ground Mudpots, Mud Pools, or Mud Volcanoes Geysers Blind Geothermal System Steam rising from the ground at Eldvorp, a 10 km row of craters, in Southwestern Iceland. http://www.visiticeland.com/SearchResults/Attraction/eldvorp Warm or steaming ground is often an indicator of a geothermal system beneath the surface. In some cases a geothermal system may not show any

348

Ground Plane Identification Using LIDAR in Forested  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To operate autonomously in forested environments, unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) must be able to identify the load-bearing surface of the terrain (i.e. the ground). This paper presents a novel two-stage approach for ...

McDaniel, Matt W.

349

Labs21 environmental performance criteria Version 2.0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reduce the total non-renewable source energy required fortotal annual non-renewable source energy requirements fortotal annual non-renewable source energy, achieved through

Mathew, Paul A.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Directional Reactive Power Ground Plane Transmission  

Directional Reactive Power Ground Plane Transmission Technology Summary ... The invention can transmit electrical power through the surface of the ...

351

US ARMY GROUND VEHICLE CREW COMPARTMENT ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... test fixture was constructed from an excess ground vehicle hull ... instrumentation measured acid gas exposure levels: ion selective electrodes (grab ...

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

352

Sizing of Overhead Ground Wires for Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Overhead ground wires, or shield wires, are placed on transmission lines as air terminals for lightning strikes to shield the phase conductors from direct strikes. Although of short duration, lightning strikes to ground wires may result in significant damage. Utilities are increasingly using optical fiber ground wires (OPGWs), and severe damage to the OPGWs could result in failure of the communication link. There is renewed interest in the dimensioning and testing of ground wires for improved ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

353

Ground Gravity Survey At Long Valley Caldera Area (Farrar, Et Al., 2003) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Gravity Survey At Long Valley Caldera Area Ground Gravity Survey At Long Valley Caldera Area (Farrar, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Long Valley Caldera Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Modeling of both deformation and microgravity data now suggests that (1) there are two inflation sources beneath the caldera, a shallower source 7-10 km beneath the resurgent dome and a deeper source ~15 km beneath the caldera's south moat and (2) the shallower source may contain components of magmatic brine and gas. At shallow depths in the caldera References Christopher D. Farrar, Michael L. Sorey, Evelyn Roeloffs, Devin L. Galloway, James F. Howle, Ronald Jacobson (2003) Inferences On The Hydrothermal System Beneath The Resurgent Dome In Long Valley Caldera,

354

SAFER-PC Version 2.2, Stress and Fracture Evaluation of Rotors - Personal Computer, Version 2.2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Stress and Fracture Evaluation of RotorsPersonal Computer (SAFER-PC), Version 2.2 software will evaluate the remaining life of steam turbine and generator rotors. Version 2.2 is an upgrade of existing analysis software. SAFER-PC combines transient thermal-elastic finite element stress analysis, fracture mechanics, material property data, and the clustering and linking of surface defects identified from nondestructive examination (NDE) data to assess remaining usable life of steam turbine or generator...

2006-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

355

Modeling reducibility on ground terms using constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling reducibility on ground terms using constraints Isabelle GNAEDIGa , H´el`ene KIRCHNERb a on ground terms using (dis)equational constraints. We show in particular that innermost (ir)reducibility can on the ground term algebra that any rewriting chain starting from any term termi- nates, provided that terms

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

356

Strategic Capacity Analysis and Database (SCAAD): User's Guide, Version 3.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the User's Guide for the latest version of the Strategic Capacity Analysis and Database (SCAAD) software, Version 3.0.

2001-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

357

xml version="1.0"?>  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... subtopic number="2" type="inf"> information on ground elevation changes and movement resulting from ongoing low-level geothermal activity at ...

2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

358

Arsenic Geochemistry in Source Waters of the Los Angeles Aqueduct  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

has focused on arsenic geochemistry in natural waters. ThisG402 XU2-7 ARSENIC GEOCHEMISTRY IN SOURCE WATERS OF T H EOrganism Interactions, Geochemistry, Ground Water Quality,

Hering, Janet G; Wilkie, Jennifer A; Chiu, Van Q

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Source templates for the automatic generation of adjoint code through static call graph reversal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new approach to the automatic generation of adjoint codes using automatic differentiation by source transformation. Our method relies on static checkpointing techniques applied to an extended version of the program's call graph. A code ...

Uwe Naumann; Jean Utke

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Product-state Approximations to Quantum Ground States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The local Hamiltonian problem consists of estimating the ground-state energy (given by the minimum eigenvalue) of a local quantum Hamiltonian. First, we show the existence of a good product-state approximation for the ground-state energy of 2-local Hamiltonians with one or more of the following properties: (1) high degree, (2) small expansion, or (3) a ground state with sublinear entanglement with respect to some partition into small pieces. The approximation based on degree is a surprising difference between quantum Hamiltonians and classical CSPs (constraint satisfaction problems), since in the classical setting, higher degree is usually associated with harder CSPs. The approximation based on low entanglement, in turn, was previously known only in the regime where the entanglement was close to zero. Since the existence of a low-energy product state can be checked in NP, the result implies that any Hamiltonian used for a quantum PCP theorem should have: (1) constant degree, (2) constant expansion, (3) a "volume law" for entanglement with respect to any partition into small parts. Second, we show that in several cases, good product-state approximations not only exist, but can be found in polynomial time: (1) 2-local Hamiltonians on any planar graph, solving an open problem of Bansal, Bravyi, and Terhal, (2) dense k-local Hamiltonians for any constant k, solving an open problem of Gharibian and Kempe, and (3) 2-local Hamiltonians on graphs with low threshold rank, via a quantum generalization of a recent result of Barak, Raghavendra and Steurer. Our work introduces two new tools which may be of independent interest. First, we prove a new quantum version of the de Finetti theorem which does not require the usual assumption of symmetry. Second, we describe a way to analyze the application of the Lasserre/Parrilo SDP hierarchy to local quantum Hamiltonians.

Fernando G. S. L. Brando; Aram W. Harrow

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

New Mexico/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » New Mexico/Wind Resources/Full Version < New Mexico‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF New Mexico Wind Resources NewMexicoMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs.

362

North Dakota/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » North Dakota/Wind Resources/Full Version < North Dakota‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF North Dakota Wind Resources NorthDakotaMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs.

363

eGRID2007 Version 1.1 - All Files | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

eGRID2007 Version 1.1 - All Files eGRID2007 Version 1.1 - All Files Dataset Summary Description The Emissions & Generation Resource Integrated Database (eGRID) is a comprehensive inventory of environmental attributes of electric power systems. The preeminent source of air emissions data for the electric power sector, eGRID is based on available plant-specific data for all U.S. electricity generating plants that provide power to the electric grid and report data to the U.S. government. eGRID integrates many different federal data sources on power plants and power companies, from three different federal agencies: EPA, the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). Emissions data from EPA are carefully integrated with generation data from EIA to produce useful values like pounds per megawatt-hour (lb/MWh) of emissions, which allows direct comparison of the environmental attributes of electricity generation. eGRID also provides aggregated data by state, U.S. total, company, and by three different sets of electric grid boundaries.This particular distribution consists of a single zip file that contains all available eGrid 2007 spreadsheet files, state import-export files, Technical Support Documents, Summary Tables, GHG output emission rates, the EUEC2010 paper, and graphical representations of eGRID subregions and NERC regions maps.

364

COMPETITIVE SOURCING  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

COMPETITIVE SOURCING COMPETITIVE SOURCING EXECUTIVE STEERING GROUP MEETING PROCEEDINGS June 17, 2002 8:30 am - 11:00 am Room 5E-069 ATTENDEES John Gordon Robert Card Bruce Carnes Kathy Peery Brendan Danaher, AFGE Tony Lane Karen Evans Bill Sylvester Claudia Cross Brian Costlow Laurie Smith Helen Sherman Frank Bessera Rosalie Jordan Dennis O'Brien Mark Hively Robin Mudd Steven Apicella AGENDA 8:30 a.m. - 8:35 a.m. Opening Remarks 8:35a.m. - 8:55 a.m. Executive Steering Group roles and responsibilities, A-76 status, and talking points Team Briefings 8:55 a.m. - 9:20 a.m. Information Technology Study 9:20 a.m. - 9:45 a.m. Financial Services Study

365

ION SOURCE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ion source is described and comprises an arc discharge parallel to the direction of and inside of a magnetic field. an accelerating electrode surrounding substantially all of the discharge except for ion exit apertures, and means for establishing an electric field between that electrode and the arc discharge. the electric field being oriented at an acute angle to the magnetic field. Ions are drawn through the exit apertures in the accelrating electrcde in a direction substantially divergent to the direction of the magnetic field and so will travel in a spiral orbit along the magnetic field such that the ions will not strike the source at any point in their orbit within the magnetic field.

Blue, C.W.; Luce, J.S.

1960-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

366

Linear source approximation in CASMO5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Linear Source (LS) approximation has been implemented in the two-dimensional Method of Characteristics (MOC) transport solver in a prototype version of CASMO5. The LS approximation, which relies on the computation of trajectory-based spatial moments over source regions to obtain the linear source expansion coefficients, improves the solution accuracy relative to the 'flat' or constant source approximation. In addition, the LS formulation is capable of treating arbitrarily-shaped source regions and is compatible with standard Coarse-Mesh Finite Difference (CMFD) acceleration. Numerical tests presented in this paper for the C5G7 MOX benchmark show that, for comparable accuracy with respect to the reference solution, the LS approximation can reduce the run time by a factor of four and the memory requirements by a factor often relative to the FS scheme. (authors)

Ferrer, R.; Rhodes, J. [Studsvik Scandpower, Inc., 504 Shoup Ave., Idaho Falls, ID 83402 (United States); Smith, K. [Dept. of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

H- radio frequency source development at the Spallation Neutron Source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) now routinely operates nearly 1 MW of beam power on target with a highly persistent {approx}38 mA peak current in the linac and an availability of {approx}90%. H{sup -} beam pulses ({approx}1 ms, 60 Hz) are produced by a Cs-enhanced, multicusp ion source closely coupled with an electrostatic low energy beam transport (LEBT), which focuses the 65 kV beam into a radio frequency quadrupole accelerator. The source plasma is generated by RF excitation (2 MHz, {approx}60 kW) of a copper antenna that has been encased with a thickness of {approx}0.7 mm of porcelain enamel and immersed into the plasma chamber. The ion source and LEBT normally have a combined availability of {approx}99%. Recent increases in duty-factor and RF power have made antenna failures a leading cause of downtime. This report first identifies the physical mechanism of antenna failure from a statistical inspection of {approx}75 antennas which ran at the SNS, scanning electron microscopy studies of antenna surface, and cross sectional cuts and analysis of calorimetric heating measurements. Failure mitigation efforts are then described which include modifying the antenna geometry and our acceptance/installation criteria. Progress and status of the development of the SNS external antenna source, a long-term solution to the internal antenna problem, are then discussed. Currently, this source is capable of delivering comparable beam currents to the baseline source to the SNS and, an earlier version, has briefly demonstrated unanalyzed currents up to {approx}100 mA (1 ms, 60 Hz) on the test stand. In particular, this paper discusses plasma ignition (dc and RF plasma guns), antenna reliability, magnet overheating, and insufficient beam persistence.

Welton, Robert F [ORNL; Pennisi, Terry R [ORNL; Roseberry, Ron T [ORNL; Stockli, Martin P [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Technical Support Document for COMcheck Version 3.9.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

21880 21880 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Technical Support Document for Version 3.9.1 of the COMcheck Software R Bartlett RG Lucas LM Connell EE Richman K Gowri RW Schultz MA Halverson DW Winiarski September 2012 PNNL-21880 Technical Support Document for Version 3.9.1 of the COMcheck Software R Bartlett RG Lucas LM Connell EE Richman K Gowri RW Schultz MA Halverson DW Winiarski September 2012 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington 99352 Technical Support Documentation for COMcheck Through Version 3.9.1 (Software) iii Summary COMcheck provides an optional way to demonstrate compliance with commercial and high-rise

369

Relations among various versions of the Segal-Bargmann transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present various relations among Versions A, B and C of the Segal-Bargmann transform. We get results for the Segal-Bargmann transform associated to a Coxeter group acting on a finite dimensional Euclidean space. Then analogous results are shown for the Segal-Bargmann transform of a connected, compact Lie group for all except one of the identities established in the Coxeter case. A counterexample is given to show that the remaining identity from the Coxeter case does not have an analogous identity for the Lie group case. A major result is that in both contexts the Segal-Bargmann transform for Version C is determined by that for Version A.

Stephen Bruce Sontz

2009-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

370

NREL: Learning - National Wind Technology Center Video (Text Version)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Wind Technology Center Video (Text Version) National Wind Technology Center Video (Text Version) This is the text version for the National Wind Technology Center video. The video opens with spinning blades of wind turbines and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory logo. It then cuts to images of windmills turning on farms. The video cuts in between shots of wind turbines and face-to-face interviews of scientists from NREL's National Wind Technology Center. (Voiceover) It is a pure, plentiful natural resource. Jim Johnson, Senior Engineer: "Right now, wind is in high demand." (Voiceover) And it holds the potential to transform the way we power our homes and businesses. Fort Felker, National Wind Technology Center Director: "It's changing the way power is being made in the country. It's really having an impact."

371

NREL: PVWatts Site Specific Data Calculator (Version 1)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Specific Data Calculator (Version 1) Site Specific Data Calculator (Version 1) PVWattsTM Site Specific Data calculator allows users to select a photovoltaic (PV) system location from a defined list of options. For locations within the United States and its territories, users select a location from a map of 239 options. For international locations, users select a location from a drop-down menu of options. The PVWatts Site Specific Data calculator uses hourly typical meteorological year (TMY) weather data and a PV performance model to estimate annual energy production and cost savings for a crystalline silicon PV system. For locations in the United States and its territories, the PVWatts Version 1 calculator uses NREL TMY data. For other locations, it uses TMY data from the Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment

372

NREL: PVWatts - PVWatts Grid Data Calculator (Version 2)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grid Data Calculator (Version 2) Grid Data Calculator (Version 2) PVWattsTM Grid Data calculator allows users to select a photovoltaic (PV) system location in the United States from an interactive map. The Grid Data calculator uses hourly typical meteorological year weather data and a PV performance model to estimate annual energy production and cost savings for a crystalline silicon PV system. It allows users to create estimated performance data for any location in the United States or its territories by selecting a site on a 40-km gridded map. The 40-km Grid Data calculator considers data from a climatologically similar typical meteorological year data station and site-specific solar resource and maximum temperature information to provide PV performance estimation. In this version, performance is first calculated for the the nearest TMY2

373

Home Energy Saver Web Site Documentation Version 1.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Saver Web Site Documentation Version 1.2 Saver Web Site Documentation Version 1.2 LBNL-51938 Documentation of Calculation Methodology, Input Data, and Infrastructure for the Home Energy Saver Web Site Margaret J. Pinckard, Richard E. Brown, Evan Mills, James D. Lutz, Mithra M. Moezzi, Celina Atkinson, Chris Bolduc, Gregory K. Homan, Katie Coughlin VERSION 1.2 July 2005 Energy Analysis Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California Berkeley, CA 94720 USA This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology, State, and Community Programs of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-

374

Ground coupled solar heat pump research program in the United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The ground coupling research program funded by the Systems Development Division of the Office of Solar Applications of the US Department of Energy studies the use of the earth as a heat source/sink or storage element for solar heat pump space conditioning systems. The goal of this research program is to determine the feasibility of ground coupling, and if feasibility is confirmed, to create handbooks which facilitate widespread application of ground coupling. The research program is outlined and the research projects currently in progress and how they fit into the program are described. Progress toward the program goal is evaluated.

Metz, P D

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

508 Compliant Version - TEPP Training Brochure | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Training Brochure Training Brochure 508 Compliant Version - TEPP Training Brochure The Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program (TEPP) developed the Modular Emergency Response Radiological Transportation Training (MERRTT) to address concerns from States, Tribes, and local jurisdictions about shipments of radioactive material by the U.S. Department of Energy. MERRTT was developed through the Training and Medical Issues Topic Group of the Transportation External Coordination Working Group (TEC). DOE formed TEC to improve coordination with external groups interested in transportation activities. TEC members represent national and regional state, tribal and local government organizations, as well as labor, industry and professional groups. 508 Compliant Version - TEPP Training Brochure

376

APS beamline standard components handbook, Version 1. 3  

SciTech Connect

This Handbook in its current version (1.3) contains descriptions, specifications, and preliminary engineering design drawings for many of the standard components. The design status and schedules have been provided wherever possible. In the near future, the APS plans to update engineering drawings of identified standard beamline components and complete the Handbook. The completed version of this Handbook will become available to both the CATs and potential vendors. Use of standard components should result in major cost reductions for CATs in the areas of beamline design and construction.

Hahn, U.; Shu, D.; Kuzay, T.M.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Community Activity Room (CAR) Painter, Version 4.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The CAR V4 software visualizes transmission congestion and grid reliability in both a two-dimensional painting and a three-dimension rendering of walls enclosing a Community Activity Room. EPRI developed the concept of the Community Activity Room in the spring of 2002. It was implemented in the CAR Painter software. A demonstration software was issued in September 2002. In April, 2004, version 2.0 was released with many features added to the CAR Painter, including a 3-D visualization module. Version 3.0 ...

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

378

Solar Advisor Model User Guide for Version 2.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Solar Advisor Model (SAM) provides a consistent framework for analyzing and comparing power system costs and performance across the range of solar technologies and markets, from photovoltaic systems for residential and commercial markets to concentrating solar power and large photovoltaic systems for utility markets. This manual describes Version 2.0 of the software, which can model photovoltaic and concentrating solar power technologies for electric applications for several markets. The current version of the Solar Advisor Model does not model solar heating and lighting technologies.

Gilman, P.; Blair, N.; Mehos, M.; Christensen, C.; Janzou, S.; Cameron, C.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Ground Gravity Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (1990) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coso Geothermal Area (1990) Coso Geothermal Area (1990) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (1990) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date 1990 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis To identify features related to the heat source and to seek possible evidence for an underlying magma chamber Notes 2D and 3D gravity modeling was done using gridded Bouguer gravity data covering a 45 by 45 km region over the Coso geothermal area. Isostatic and terrain corrected Bouguer gravity data for about 1300 gravity stations were obtained from the US Geological Survey. After the data were checked, the gravity values were gridded at 1 km centers for the area of interest

380

Condition Assessment of Substation Ground Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the first stage of research to develop a simple and inexpensive method and device to assess the integrity of substation grounding grids. The problem has been studied before but there is not, to our knowledge, a reliable and inexpensive method or device to make a reliable diagnosis. While the EPRI-developed Ground Grid Evaluator (commercially knows as the Smart Ground Multimeter or SGM) can be used to provide valuable information, the equipment is considered to be expensive and requi...

2008-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Condition Assessment of Substation Ground Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the second stage of a research project to develop a simple and inexpensive method and device to assess the integrity of substation grounding grids. The problem has been studied before but a reliable and inexpensive method or device to make a reliable diagnosis of grid condition is still lacking. While the EPRI-developed Ground Grid Evaluator (commercially known as the Smart Ground Multimeter) can be used to provide valuable information, the equipment is expensive and requires extens...

2008-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

382

COMPETITIVE SOURCING  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EXECUTIVE STEERING GROUP Meeting Proceedings October 30, 2002 Room 6E-069, 10:30 - 12:00 Agenda Opening Remarks Bruce Carnes Competitive Sourcing Update Denny O'Brien Team Briefings Team Leads ESG Discussion/Wrap up Bruce Carnes Attendees Bruce Carnes, Acting Chair MaryAnn Shebek Robert Card Prentis Cook Ambassador Brooks Tony Lane Kyle McSlarrow Karen Evans Suzanne Brennan, NTEU Claudia Cross Brian Costlow Helen Sherman Frank Bessera Laurie Morman Denny O'Brien Travis McCrory Bill Pearce Jeff Dowl Mark Hively Steven Apicella Robin Mudd Bruce Carnes chaired the meeting and began with welcoming NTEU to the meeting. In regard to the OMB's Balanced Scorecard, the Department has achieved a Green on progress and we are close to achieving a yellow on status.

383

Ground Electromagnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Ground Electromagnetic Techniques (Redirected from Ground Electromagnetic Methods) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water Thermal: Resistivity influenced by temperature

384

Recent ground motion studies at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect

Understanding slow and fast ground motion is important for the successful operation and design for present and future colliders. Since 2000 there have been several studies of ground motion at Fermilab. Several different types of HLS (hydro static level sensors) have been used to study slow ground motion (less than 1 hertz) seismometers have been used for fast (greater than 1 hertz) motions. Data have been taken at the surface and at locations 100 meters below the surface. Data of recent slow ground motion measurements with HLSs, many years of alignment data and results of the ATL-analysis are presented and discussed.

Shiltsev, V.; Volk, J.; /Fermilab; Singatulin, S.; /Novosibirsk, IYF

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Grounds Maintenance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) operates an award-winning grounds maintenance program that comprises a comprehensive landscape and irrigation management program. The...

386

US ARMY GROUND VEHICLE HALON REPLACEMENT ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... test fixture has been constructed from a derelict ground vehicle hull ... exposure levels: ion selective electrodes (grab hag sampling), sorbent tubes ...

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

387

Approved Test Procedures Version 1.1 Release Notes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approved Test Procedures Version 1.1 Release Notes 1 Change Reason for Change 302.a drugdrug, drug allergy In the Informative Test Description section Added clarification to the example. 302.c Problem List In the Informative Test Description section Added the sentence "The test also

388

A quantum version of free energy irreversible work relations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A quantum version of free energy ­ irreversible work relations Wojciech De Roeck 1 and Christian#erence of equilibrium free energies. The main new ingredient is the identification of work depending on the quantum such as the Helmholtz free energy are crucial in applications of thermodynamics. They give insight in what processes

389

A quantum version of free energy -irreversible work relations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A quantum version of free energy - irreversible work relations Wojciech De Roeck1 and Christian and the difference of equilibrium free energies. The main new ingredient is the identification of work depending Thermodynamic potentials such as the Helmholtz free energy are crucial in applications of thermodynamics

Maes, Christian

390

A quantum version of free energy -irreversible work relations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A quantum version of free energy - irreversible work relations Wojciech De Roeck 1 and Christian#11;erence of equilibrium free energies. The main new ingredient is the identi#12;cation of work Thermodynamic potentials such as the Helmholtz free energy are crucial in applications of thermodynamics

Maes, Christian

391

Revised Version DESY 96203 Hiroshima Univ. HUPD9615  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Revised Version DESY 96­203 Hiroshima Univ. HUPD­9615 September 1996 ################ hep , and T. Morozumi x Department of Physics, Hiroshima University 1­3­1 Kagamiyama, Higashi Hiroshima ­ 7393FT­LIPI, Indonesia. E­mail address: handoko@theo.phys.sci.hiroshima­u.ac.jp x E­mail address

392

Data Center Access Policies and Version 2.0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data Center Access Policies and Procedures Version 2.0 Tuesday, April 6, 2010 University://uits.arizona.edu #12;Table of Contents UITS Data Center Access Policies and Procedures!3 .Introduction!3 Overview!3 Data Center Access!3 Data Center Access - Levels of Access!4 Periodic Review and Termination of Access

Watkins, Joseph C.

393

Computer analysis of the two versions of Byzantine chess  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the Byzantine Empire of 11-15 CE chess was played on the circular board. Two versions were known - REGULAR and SYMMETRIC. The difference between them is easy: the white queen is placed either on light (regular) or on dark square (symmetric). However, the computer analysis reveals the results of this 'small perturbation'.

Anatole Khalfine; Ed Troyan

2007-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

394

Google's Auction for Radio and TV Ads Preliminary version  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Google's Auction for Radio and TV Ads Preliminary version Noam Nisan Jason Bayer Deepak Chandra Tal Franji Robert Gardner Yossi Matias Neil Rhodes Misha Seltzer Danny Tom Hal Varian Dan Zigmond Google Inc. Abstract This document describes the auction system used by Google for allocation and pricing of TV ads

Cortes, Corinna

395

900 MHz NMR System User Agreement Version: 20 Jul 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

900 MHz NMR System User Agreement Version: 20 Jul 2006 HWB·NMR operates to facilitate state are encouraged to operate the instruments on their own after authorisation by HWB·NMR staff. It is expected that each person who is approved to be a NMR operator will have, at the minimum: prior experience

Birmingham, University of

396

Energy Integration for 2050 - A Strategic Impact Model (2050 SIM), Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect

The United States (U.S.) energy infrastructure is among the most reliable, accessible, and economic in the world. On the other hand, it is also excessively reliant on foreign energy sources, experiences high volatility in energy prices, does not always practice good stewardship of finite indigenous energy resources, and emits significant quantities of greenhouse gas. The U.S. Department of Energy is conducting research and development on advanced nuclear reactor concepts and technologies, including High Temperature Gas Reactor (HTGR) technologies, directed at helping the United States meet its current and future energy challenges. This report discusses the Draft Strategic Impact Model (SIM), an initial version of which was created during the later part of FY-2010. SIM was developed to analyze and depict the benefits of various energy sources in meeting the energy demand and to provide an overall system understanding of the tradeoffs between building and using HTGRs versus other existing technologies for providing energy (heat and electricity) to various energy-use sectors in the United States. This report also provides the assumptions used in the model, the rationale for the methodology, and the references for the source documentation and source data used in developing the SIM.

Not Available

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Energy Integration for 2050 - A Strategic Impact Model (2050 SIM), Version 2.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The United States (U.S.) energy infrastructure is among the most reliable, accessible, and economic in the world. On the other hand, it is also excessively reliant on foreign energy sources, experiences high volatility in energy prices, does not always practice good stewardship of finite indigenous energy resources, and emits significant quantities of greenhouse gas. The U.S. Department of Energy is conducting research and development on advanced nuclear reactor concepts and technologies, including High Temperature Gas Reactor (HTGR) technologies, directed at helping the United States meet its current and future energy challenges. This report discusses the Draft Strategic Impact Model (SIM), an initial version of which was created during the later part of FY-2010. SIM was developed to analyze and depict the benefits of various energy sources in meeting the energy demand and to provide an overall system understanding of the tradeoffs between building and using HTGRs versus other existing technologies for providing energy (heat and electricity) to various energy-use sectors in the United States. This report also provides the assumptions used in the model, the rationale for the methodology, and the references for the source documentation and source data used in developing the SIM.

John Collins

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Enclosed ground-flare incinerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved ground flare is provided comprising a stack, two or more burner assemblies, and a servicing port so that some of the burner assemblies can be serviced while others remain in operation. The burner assemblies comprise a burner conduit and nozzles which are individually fitted to the stack's burner chamber and are each removably supported in the chamber. Each burner conduit is sealed to and sandwiched between a waste gas inlet port and a matching a closure port on the other side of the stack. The closure port can be opened for physically releasing the burner conduit and supplying sufficient axial movement room for extracting the conduit from the socket, thereby releasing the conduit for hand removal through a servicing port. Preferably, the lower end of the stack is formed of one or more axially displaced lower tubular shells which are concentrically spaced for forming annular inlets for admitting combustion air. An upper tubular exhaust stack, similarly formed, admits additional combustion air for increasing the efficiency of combustion, increasing the flow of exhausted for improved atmospheric dispersion and for cooling the upper stack.

Wiseman, Thomas R. (Calgary, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

rf improvements for Spallation Neutron Source H ion source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory is ramping up the accelerated proton beam power to 1.4 MW and just reached 1 MW. The rf-driven multicusp ion source that originates from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has been delivering 38 mA H beam in the linac at 60 Hz, 0.9 ms. To improve availability, a rf-driven external antenna multicusp ion source with a water-cooled ceramic aluminum nitride AlN plasma chamber is developed. Computer modeling and simulations have been made to analyze and optimize the rf performance of the new ion source. Operational statistics and test runs with up to 56 mA medium energy beam transport beam current identify the 2 MHz rf system as a limiting factor in the system availability and beam production. Plasma ignition system is under development by using a separate 13 MHz system. To improve the availability of the rf power system with easier maintenance, we tested a 70 kV isolation transformer for the 80 kW, 6% duty cycle 2 MHz amplifier to power the ion source from a grounded solid-state amplifier. 2010 American Institute of Physics.

Kang, Yoon W [ORNL; Fuja, Raymond E [ORNL; Goulding, Richard Howell [ORNL; Hardek, Thomas W [ORNL; Lee, Sung-Woo [ORNL; McCarthy, Mike [ORNL; Piller, Chip [ORNL; Shin, Ki [ORNL; Stockli, Martin P [ORNL; Welton, Robert F [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Radiation source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device and method for relativistic electron beam heating of a high-density plasma in a small localized region. A relativistic electron beam generator or accelerator produces a high-voltage electron beam which propagates along a vacuum drift tube and is modulated to initiate electron bunching within the beam. The beam is then directed through a low-density gas chamber which provides isolation between the vacuum modulator and the relativistic electron beam target. The relativistic beam is then applied to a high-density target plasma which typically comprises DT, DD, or similar thermonuclear gas at a density of 10.sup.17 to 10.sup.20 electrons per cubic centimeter. The target gas is ionized prior to application of the relativistic electron beam by means of a laser or other preionization source to form a plasma. Utilizing a relativistic electron beam with an individual particle energy exceeding 3 MeV, classical scattering by relativistic electrons passing through isolation foils is negligible. As a result, relativistic streaming instabilities are initiated within the high-density target plasma causing the relativistic electron beam to efficiently deposit its energy into a small localized region of the high-density plasma target.

Thode, Lester E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Surface plasma source with saddle antenna radio frequency plasma generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A prototype RF H{sup -} surface plasma source (SPS) with saddle (SA) RF antenna is developed which will provide better power efficiency for high pulsed and average current, higher brightness with longer lifetime and higher reliability. Several versions of new plasma generators with small AlN discharge chambers and different antennas and magnetic field configurations were tested in the plasma source test stand. A prototype SA SPS was installed in the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) ion source test stand with a larger, normal-sized SNS AlN chamber that achieved unanalyzed peak currents of up to 67 mA with an apparent efficiency up to 1.6 mA/kW. Control experiments with H{sup -} beam produced by SNS SPS with internal and external antennas were conducted. A new version of the RF triggering plasma gun has been designed. A saddle antenna SPS with water cooling is fabricated for high duty factor testing.

Dudnikov, V.; Johnson, R. P. [Muons, Inc., Batavia, Illinios 60510 (United States); Murray, S.; Pennisi, T.; Piller, C.; Santana, M.; Stockli, M.; Welton, R. [ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

402

U-239: Apple iPhone SMS Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Spoof SMS Source  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

39: Apple iPhone SMS Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Spoof SMS 39: Apple iPhone SMS Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Spoof SMS Source Addresses U-239: Apple iPhone SMS Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Spoof SMS Source Addresses August 20, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Apple iPhone SMS Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Spoof SMS Source Addresses PLATFORM: Version(s): 6 beta 4 and prior versions ABSTRACT: A remote user can spoof SMS source addresses. Reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027410 Apple.com PCMag.com The original advisory IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medum Discussion: A vulnerability was reported in Apple iPhone. A remote user can send an SMS message with a specially crafted User Data Header (UDH) value that specifies an alternate reply address. The recipient's iPhone will display the reply address as the source of the SMS.

403

ITS Version 6 : the integrated TIGER series of coupled electron/photon Monte Carlo transport codes.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ITS is a powerful and user-friendly software package permitting state-of-the-art Monte Carlo solution of lineartime-independent coupled electron/photon radiation transport problems, with or without the presence of macroscopic electric and magnetic fields of arbitrary spatial dependence. Our goal has been to simultaneously maximize operational simplicity and physical accuracy. Through a set of preprocessor directives, the user selects one of the many ITS codes. The ease with which the makefile system is applied combines with an input scheme based on order-independent descriptive keywords that makes maximum use of defaults and internal error checking to provide experimentalists and theorists alike with a method for the routine but rigorous solution of sophisticated radiation transport problems. Physical rigor is provided by employing accurate cross sections, sampling distributions, and physical models for describing the production and transport of the electron/photon cascade from 1.0 GeV down to 1.0 keV. The availability of source code permits the more sophisticated user to tailor the codes to specific applications and to extend the capabilities of the codes to more complex applications. Version 6, the latest version of ITS, contains (1) improvements to the ITS 5.0 codes, and (2) conversion to Fortran 90. The general user friendliness of the software has been enhanced through memory allocation to reduce the need for users to modify and recompile the code.

Franke, Brian Claude; Kensek, Ronald Patrick; Laub, Thomas William

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Design Ground Snow Loads for Ohio  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The weight of snow with a mean recurrence interval of 50 years, called the design ground snow load, is used by engineers and planners to estimate the weight of snow that roofs must be designed to support National maps of ground snow load have ...

Thomas W. Schmidlin; Dennis J. Edgell; Molly A. Delaney

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Parameterizing a Groundness Analysis of Logic Programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a parametric groundness analysis whose input and output are parameterized by a set of groundness parameters. The result of the analysis can be instantiated for different uses of the program. It can also be used to derive sufficient conditions ...

Lunjin Lu

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Sharing and groundness dependencies in logic programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate Jacobs and Langen's Sharing domain, introduced for the analysis of variable sharing in logic programs, and show that it is isomorphic to Marriott and Sndergaard's Pos domain, introduced for the analysis of groundness dependencies. ... Keywords: Boolean functions, abstract interpretation, dataflow analysis, global analysis, groundness analysis, program analysis, sharing analysis

Michael Codish; Harald Sndergaard; Peter J. Stuckey

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Interim site characterization report and ground-water monitoring program for the Hanford site solid waste landfill  

SciTech Connect

Federal and state regulations governing the operation of landfills require utilization of ground-water monitoring systems to determine whether or not landfill operations impact ground water at the point of compliance (ground water beneath the perimeter of the facility). A detection-level ground-water monitoring system was designed, installed, and initiated at the Hanford Site Solid Waste Landfill (SWL). Chlorinated hydrocarbons were detected at the beginning of the ground-water monitoring program and continue to be detected more than 1 year later. The most probable source of the chlorinated hydrocarbons is washwater discharged to the SWL between 1985 and 1987. This is an interim report and includes data from the characterization work that was performed during well installation in 1987, such as field observations, sediment studies, and geophysical logging results, and data from analyses of ground-water samples collected in 1987 and 1988, such as field parameter measurements and chemical analyses. 38 refs., 27 figs., 8 tabs.

Fruland, R.M.; Hagan, R.A.; Cline, C.S.; Bates, D.J.; Evans, J.C.; Aaberg, R.L.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Little Climates -- Weather Just Above The Ground  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weather Just Above The Ground Weather Just Above The Ground Nature Bulletin No. 481-A February 17, 1973 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W, Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation LITTLE CLIMATES -- Weather Just Above the Ground In a previous bulletin we talked about little climates, underground, resulting from weather conditions in the soil. Just above the ground there is another "little climate" equally important. We frequently see evidences of it without realizing how and why they were produced. Just above the earth, there lies a narrow layer of changeable weather that is affected at both surfaces by its mighty neighbors: the land below and the restless air in the atmosphere above it. Under the spell of gravity, it clings to the ground in spite of all but the swiftest winds. In this layer there are special weather conditions overlooked by nearly everyone.

409

Instrument and Source Design Division | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ron Crone, RRD Director Ron Crone, RRD Director ISDD Director Ron Crone. Instrument and Source Design Division The Instrument and Source Design Division (ISDD) supports the engineering and development of scientific instruments at the High Flux Isotope Reactor and the Spallation Neutron Source. ISDD continuously develops facilities and capabilities associated with neutron science through research and development. Organization Chart A PDF version of the ISDD Organization Chart is available. Key Division Contacts Director Ron Crone Administrative Assistant Wendy Brooks HFIR Instrument Engineering Doug Selby SNS Instrument Engineering David Vandergriff Instrumentation Projects and Development Ken Herwig Project Management/Operations and Analysis Barbara Thibadeau Source Development and Engineering Analysis Phil Ferguson

410

Understanding broadcast based peer review on open source software projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software peer review has proven to be a successful technique in open source software (OSS) development. In contrast to industry, where reviews are typically assigned to specific individuals, changes are broadcast to hundreds of potentially interested ... Keywords: case studies, grounded theory, open source software, peer review

Peter C. Rigby; Margaret-Anne Storey

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

A Global Database of Soil Respiration Data, Version 2.0  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home > Data > Regional/Global > Soil Collections > Guide Document Home > Data > Regional/Global > Soil Collections > Guide Document A Global Database of Soil Respiration Data, Version 2.0 Get Data Revision date: February 24, 2012 Summary This data set provides an updated soil respiration database (SRDB), a near-universal compendium of published soil respiration (RS) data. Soil respiration, the flux of autotrophically- and heterotrophically-generated CO2 from the soil to the atmosphere remains the least well-constrained component of the terrestrial C cycle. The database encompasses all published studies that report at least one of the following data measured in the field (not laboratory): annual RS, mean seasonal RS, a seasonal or annual partitioning of RS into its sources fluxes, RS temperature response (Q10), or RS at 10 degrees C. SRDB's orientation is thus to seasonal and

412

LANL breaks ground on key sediment control project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sediment control project Sediment control project LANL breaks ground on key sediment control project Called "grade-control" structures, the approximately $2 million features are up to eight feet high and made of rocks packed tightly into wire enclosures. November 5, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

413

Ground vibration model studies for APS storage ring  

SciTech Connect

An analytical ground vibration model is developed for study of the vibration effects on the beam motion in the Advanced Photon Source (APS) storage ring. The different physical parameters associated with the wave characteristics and the vibration modes needed for the study are taken from the vibration studies carried out at the APS site. The implementation has been carried out using Mathematica{trademark}. The study is carried out for the frequency range 1--35 Hz, with a number of sources changing from one through ten. The program written in Mathematica{trademark}, calculates orbit distortion, beta wave change, tune change, dispersion change, and chromaticity change. However, the main parameter studied for the APS storage ring has been the orbit distortion. The merit factor associated with different modes excited by the vibrations has been calculated.

Koul, R.K.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Georgia/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Georgia/Wind Resources/Full Version Georgia/Wind Resources/Full Version < Georgia‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Georgia Wind Resources GeorgiaMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

415

DOE Joint Genome Institute: DOE JGI Releases Expanded Version of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

28, 2009 28, 2009 DOE JGI Releases Expanded Version of Phytozome.net: Clearinghouse for Comparative Plant Genomics Data WALNUT CREEK, CA-An enhanced version of Phytozome.net, a web portal for comparative plant genomics geared to advance biofuel, food, feed, and fiber research, has been released by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Genome Institute (JGI). Phytozome provides a central "hub" for web access to a rapidly growing number of plant genomes, and includes tools for visualization of plant genomes and associated annotations, sequence analysis, and bulk, as well as targeted, plant data retrieval. The gene families available in Phytozome, defined at several evolutionarily significant epochs, provide a framework for the transfer of functional information to important biofuel and

416

California/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

California/Wind Resources/Full Version California/Wind Resources/Full Version < California‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF California Wind Resources CaliforniaMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

417

Kansas/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kansas/Wind Resources/Full Version Kansas/Wind Resources/Full Version < Kansas‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Kansas Wind Resources KansasMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

418

Wisconsin/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wisconsin/Wind Resources/Full Version Wisconsin/Wind Resources/Full Version < Wisconsin‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Wisconsin Wind Resources WisconsinMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

419

Nebraska/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nebraska/Wind Resources/Full Version Nebraska/Wind Resources/Full Version < Nebraska‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Nebraska Wind Resources NebraskaMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

420

Michigan/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Michigan/Wind Resources/Full Version Michigan/Wind Resources/Full Version < Michigan‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Michigan Wind Resources MichiganMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Texas/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Texas/Wind Resources/Full Version Texas/Wind Resources/Full Version < Texas‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Texas Wind Resources TexasMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

422

Wyoming/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wyoming/Wind Resources/Full Version Wyoming/Wind Resources/Full Version < Wyoming‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Wyoming Wind Resources WyomingMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

423

Mississippi/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mississippi/Wind Resources/Full Version Mississippi/Wind Resources/Full Version < Mississippi‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Mississippi Wind Resources MississippiMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

424

Washington/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Washington/Wind Resources/Full Version Washington/Wind Resources/Full Version < Washington‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Washington Wind Resources WashingtonMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

425

Vermont/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vermont/Wind Resources/Full Version Vermont/Wind Resources/Full Version < Vermont‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Vermont Wind Resources VermontMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

426

Missouri/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Missouri/Wind Resources/Full Version Missouri/Wind Resources/Full Version < Missouri‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Missouri Wind Resources MissouriMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

427

Overview of NEMS-H2, Version 1.0  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NEMS-H2, Version 1.0 NEMS-H2, Version 1.0 Frances Wood OnLocation, Inc., Energy Systems Consulting (fwood@onlocationinc.com) January 26, 2006 OnLocation, Inc., Energy Systems Consulting 2 Today's Presentation * Overview of NEMS-H2 Structure * Current Status * New Hydrogen Market Module (HMM) * Transportation Module Modifications * Preliminary Test Runs * Looking Ahead to Next Phase OnLocation, Inc., Energy Systems Consulting 3 NEMS Overview * The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) was developed and is maintained by EIA - Annual Energy Outlook projections - Congressional as well as agency requests * NEMS has also been used extensively outside of EIA - Various National Laboratories studies - National Commission on Energy Policy - Program offices within DOE for R&D benefits estimation * Modular structure allows each sector to be represented by

428

Microsoft Word - POLICY FLASH version 2 1.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

POLICY FLASH 2009-74 POLICY FLASH 2009-74 DATE: September 21, 2009 TO: Procurement Directors FROM: Office of Procurement and Assistance Policy, MA-61 Office of Procurement and Assistance Management SUBJECT: Update to the DOE Implementation Guide for the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 SUMMARY: As previously stated, the subject Guide is intended to be a "living document" that will be periodically updated, as necessary. This current update includes additional information in multiple parts of the Guide, and as such, the Guide is being reissued, in its entirety, as Version 2.1. In particular, Version 2.1 includes new information on reporting, amended conflicts of interest guidance relating to merit review, and Buy American requirements. Sections that are

429

Idaho/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Idaho/Wind Resources/Full Version Idaho/Wind Resources/Full Version < Idaho‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Idaho Wind Resources IdahoMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

430

Louisiana/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Louisiana/Wind Resources/Full Version Louisiana/Wind Resources/Full Version < Louisiana‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Louisiana Wind Resources LouisianaMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

431

Massachusetts/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Massachusetts/Wind Resources/Full Version Massachusetts/Wind Resources/Full Version < Massachusetts‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Massachusetts Wind Resources MassachusettsMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

432

Connecticut/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Connecticut/Wind Resources/Full Version Connecticut/Wind Resources/Full Version < Connecticut‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Connecticut Wind Resources ConneticutMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

433

Tennessee/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tennessee/Wind Resources/Full Version Tennessee/Wind Resources/Full Version < Tennessee‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Tennessee Wind Resources Tennessee.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

434

Pennsylvania/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pennsylvania/Wind Resources/Full Version Pennsylvania/Wind Resources/Full Version < Pennsylvania‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Pennsylvania Wind Resources PennsylvaniaMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

435

Virginia/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Virginia/Wind Resources/Full Version Virginia/Wind Resources/Full Version < Virginia‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Virginia Wind Resources VirginiaMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

436

DOE Commercial Reference Buildings Summary of Changes Between Versions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Buildings Buildings Summary of Changes between Versions November 2012 1 Applicable Model(s) Change Changes from version 1.2_4.0 to 1.3_5.0 All Transitioned from EnergyPlus 4.0 to EnergyPlus 5.0 All For fan power calculations, fan nameplate horsepower corrected from 90% brake horsepower to 110% brake horsepower All Removed multipliers on roof surface infiltration because EnergyPlus now counts the roof surface in infiltration per exterior surface area calculations All Added parking lot exterior lighting All Updated headers to reflect new name for technical report reference All models with DX cooling Changed COP calculation to remove fan power at ARI conditions, not max. allowable fan power (see Ref. Bldgs. Technical Report for more info.) All models with DX cooling Changed cooling performance curves to reflect

437

Kentucky/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kentucky/Wind Resources/Full Version Kentucky/Wind Resources/Full Version < Kentucky‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Kentucky Wind Resources KentuckyMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

438

Utah/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utah/Wind Resources/Full Version Utah/Wind Resources/Full Version < Utah‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Utah Wind Resources UtahMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

439

Hawaii/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hawaii/Wind Resources/Full Version Hawaii/Wind Resources/Full Version < Hawaii‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Hawaii Wind Resources HawaiiMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

440

Verification and validation of RADMODL Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

RADMODL is a system of linked computer codes designed to calculate the radiation environment following an accident in which nuclear materials are released. The RADMODL code and the corresponding Verification and Validation (V&V) calculations (Appendix A), were developed for Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC) by EGS Corporation (EGS). Each module of RADMODL is an independent code and was verified separately. The full system was validated by comparing the output of the various modules with the corresponding output of a previously verified version of the modules. The results of the verification and validation tests show that RADMODL correctly calculates the transport of radionuclides and radiation doses. As a result of this verification and validation effort, RADMODL Version 1.0 is certified for use in calculating the radiation environment following an accident.

Kimball, K.D.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Oklahoma/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oklahoma/Wind Resources/Full Version Oklahoma/Wind Resources/Full Version < Oklahoma‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Oklahoma Wind Resources OklahomaMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

442

Maryland/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maryland/Wind Resources/Full Version Maryland/Wind Resources/Full Version < Maryland‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Maryland Wind Resources MarylandMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

443

Indiana/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indiana/Wind Resources/Full Version Indiana/Wind Resources/Full Version < Indiana‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Indiana Wind Resources IndianaMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

444

Illinois/Wind Resources/Full Version | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Illinois/Wind Resources/Full Version Illinois/Wind Resources/Full Version < Illinois‎ | Wind Resources Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Illinois Wind Resources IllinoisMap.jpg More information about these 30-m height wind resource maps is available on the Wind Powering America website. Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across the country as more people look for a hedge against increasing electricity rates and a way to harvest their local wind resources. Small wind electric systems can make a significant contribution to our nation's energy needs. Although wind turbines large enough to provide a significant portion of the electricity needed by the average U.S. home generally require 1 acre of property or more, approximately 21 million U.S. homes are built on 1-acre

445

Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) Calculator Version 4.21  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HRA Calculator analyzes and calculates human error probabilities in support of probabilistic risk assessments. HRA Calculator takes a 8220toolboxapproach that uses a variety of HRA methods. The PRA Tools / HRA Calculator User Group was formed in 2000 to address the industryneed for HRA tools and to encourage consistency in HRA results. Version 4.21 adds value by expanding the HRA Calculator methods applied, overcoming past limitations on particular parameters, improving the dependency analysis features,...

2011-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

446

AMI and Demand Response Evaluator, Version 2.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The AMI and Demand Response Evaluator software, Version 2.0, permits a utility to discover the possible functions of an advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) or demand response (DR) system, and to determine the benefits and requirements arising from selecting particular functions. The tool also enables a utility to evaluate various communications technologies that may be appropriate for implementing such an AMI or DR system. Description AMI and Demand Response Evaluator is a Microsoft Access databa...

2008-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

447

Engineering Fundamentals - Nuclear Power Plant Materials, Version 2.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Engineering Fundamentals - Nuclear Power Plant Materials (EF-Materials) Version 2.0 computer-based training module provides new-hire engineering personnel with an overview of the basic concepts of nuclear power plant materials. Graphics and interactive features are used to enhance learning.EF-Materials covers the basic terms and concepts related to nuclear power plant materials and provides information about the significance of material degradation issues in nuclear power plants. ...

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

448

Utility Communications Architecture (UCA (TM)) Version 2.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI has developed The Utility Communications Architecture (UCA (TM)) to integrate communications for "real-time" utility operations. The UCA is the only existing protocol that provides interoperability among different monitoring and control equipment and interconnectivity among databases for utility operations. The UCA Version 2 Specification has been recently published by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) Standards Board as Technical Report TR1550. EPRI takes great pride that ...

1999-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

449

Rebuilding After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up Jump to: navigation, search Name Rebuilding After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Focus Area Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy, Transportation, Water Conservation, Renewable Energy, Biomass, Geothermal, Ground Source Heat Pumps, Solar, - Solar Hot Water, - Solar Pv, Biomass - Waste To Energy, Wind Phase Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes Resource Type Case studies/examples Availability Publicly available--Free Publication Date 10/1/2009

450

A Review of Ground Coupled Heat Pump Models Used in Whole-Building Computer Simulation Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasingly, building owners are turning to ground source heat pump (GSHP) systems to improve energy efficiency. Ground-coupled heat pump (GCHP) systems with a vertical closed ground loop heat exchanger are one of the more widely used systems. Over the last thirty years, a number of simulation models have been developed to calculate the performance of the ground heat exchanger (GHX). The several computer programs can evaluate the GCHP systems as a part of the whole-building energy simulation. This paper briefly presents a general introduction to GSHP systems and the GCHP system, and reviews the currently developed GCHP models and compares computer programs for a GCHP design. In addition, GHX models which play an important role on the GCHP performance are reviewed. Finally, several widely recognized computer simulation programs for building energy analysis are compared regarding their GCHP simulation capability.

Do, S. L.; Haberl, J. S.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

CAVEMAN: Configuration And VErsion MANagement. User`s guide, v2.1.2  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the CAVEMAN project is to provide the tools for large code systems so that those who work on them can perform source control and configuration control on UNIX-based file servers, rather than the LC Crays. An outside product called cvs has been chosen as the underlying source control system. The initials stand for {open_quotes}Concurrent Versions System{close_quotes}. It is a freeware program that runs on most UNIX stations. To quote from the cvs man page: {open_quotes}cvs is a front end to the rcs revision control system which extends the notion of revision control from a collection of files in a single directory to a hierarchical collection of directories consisting of revision controlled files. These directories and files can be combined together to form a software release. cvs provides the functions necessary to manage these software releases and to control the concurrent editing of source files among multiple software developers.{close_quotes} While cvs may be run directly, there are several tasks in the LLNL environment that it seemed either safer or easier to automate. CAVEMAN provides the needed functionality, generally in the form of wrappers to cvs.

Dyer, K.M.

1993-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

452

Ground Gravity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Ground Gravity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes As a foundation for successful siting and drilling a deep test well, additional geophysical work has been completed including gravity, resistivity, and airborne magnetic surveys. Several new seismic profiles

453

Definition: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Ground electromagnetic techniques measure electromagnetic fields in order to determine subsurface electrical resistivity with the earth surface as the observation point.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The electromagnetic force is one of the four fundamental interactions in nature, the other three being the strong interaction, the weak interaction, and gravitation. This force is described by electromagnetic fields, and has innumerable physical instances including the interaction of electrically charged particles and the interaction of uncharged magnetic force fields with electrical conductors. The word

454

Ground Electromagnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water Thermal: Resistivity influenced by temperature Dictionary.png

455

Clean Cities: Clean Cities 20th Anniversary Overview Video (Text Version)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Anniversary Overview Anniversary Overview Video (Text Version) to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: Clean Cities 20th Anniversary Overview Video (Text Version) on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: Clean Cities 20th Anniversary Overview Video (Text Version) on Twitter Bookmark Clean Cities: Clean Cities 20th Anniversary Overview Video (Text Version) on Google Bookmark Clean Cities: Clean Cities 20th Anniversary Overview Video (Text Version) on Delicious Rank Clean Cities: Clean Cities 20th Anniversary Overview Video (Text Version) on Digg Find More places to share Clean Cities: Clean Cities 20th Anniversary Overview Video (Text Version) on AddThis.com... Goals & Accomplishments Clean Cities 20th Anniversary Partnerships Hall of Fame Contacts Clean Cities 20th Anniversary Overview Video (Text Version)

456

SOFTWARE: WinPhaD, Version 1.0 (Single-User Copy)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Product In Stock. Description WinPhaD Single-User Version. WinPhaD, version 1.0, is a software program for calculating thermodynamic phase diagrams in...

457

Waste Logic(TM): Decommissioning Waste Manager, Version 2.1 and Solid Waste Manager, Version 2.1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Waste Logic(TM) Decommissioning Waste Manager, Version 2.1: Rising program costs and a more competitive business environment have made solid waste management a major cost concern. Effective management of solid waste can reduce long range operating costs for a large nuclear plant by millions of dollars. To assist waste managers in maximizing potential cost savings, EPRI developed the Waste Logic Decommissioning Waste Manager(TM) computer code. It provides a comprehensive methodology for capturing and quan...

2003-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

458

Source Selection | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Source Selection Source Selection Source SelectionSource Selection Boards Source Evaluation Board (SEB) Monthly Status Reporting Requirement (pdf) Source Evaluation Board (SEB)...

459

NIST SP 800-45 Version 2, Guidelines on Electronic Mail ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Special Publication 800-45 Version 2 Guidelines on Electronic Mail Security Recommendations of the National Institute of ...

2012-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

460

EPA 402-R-00-004 CAP88-PC Version 2.0 UPDATED USER'S  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

radionuclide emissions to air. CAP-88 is composed of modified versions of AIRDOS- EPA (Mo79) and DARTAB (ORNL

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Grounded Renewable Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Grounded Renewable Energy Grounded Renewable Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Grounded Renewable Energy Place Carbondale, Colorado Zip 81623 Sector Renewable Energy, Solar Product Grounded Renewable Energy designs turn-key solar systems for homes and businesses in Colorado. Coordinates 41.573959°, -75.501361° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.573959,"lon":-75.501361,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

462

Earthquake ground motion modeling on parallel computers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the design and discuss the performance of a parallel elastic wave propagation simulator that is being used to model and study earthquake-induced ground motion in large sedimentary basins. The components of the system include mesh generators, ...

Hesheng Bao; Jacobo Bielak; Omar Ghattas; Loukas F. Kallivokas; David R. O'Hallaron; Jonathan R. Shewchuk; Jifeng Xu

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Solid waste burial grounds interim safety analysis  

SciTech Connect

This Interim Safety Analysis document supports the authorization basis for the interim operation and restrictions on interim operations for the near-surface land disposal of solid waste in the Solid Waste Burial Grounds. The Solid Waste Burial Grounds Interim Safety Basis supports the upgrade progress for the safety analysis report and the technical safety requirements for the operations in the Solid Waste Burial Grounds. Accident safety analysis scenarios have been analyzed based on the significant events identified in the preliminary hazards analysis. The interim safety analysis provides an evaluation of the operations in the Solid Waste Burial Grounds to determine if the radiological and hazardous material exposures will be acceptable from an overall health and safety standpoint to the worker, the onsite personnel, the public, and the environment.

Saito, G.H.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Embodied object schemas for grounding language use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the Object Schema Model (OSM) for grounded language interaction. Dynamic representations of objects are used as the central point of coordination between actions, sensations, planning, and language ...

Hsiao, Kai-yuh, 1977-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Grounding linguistic analysis in control applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses the problem of grounding linguistic analysis in control applications, such as automated maintenance of computers and game playing. We assume access to natural language documents that describe the ...

Branavan, Satchuthananthavale Rasiah Kuhan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Ground Clutter Canceling with a Regression Filter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores ground clutter filtering with a class of cancelers that use regression. Regression filters perform this task in a simple manner, resulting in similar or better performance than the fifth-order elliptic filter implemented in ...

Sebastin M. Torres; Dusan S. Zrnic

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Commonality of ground systems in launch operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NASA is examining the utility of requiring a certain degree of commonality in both flight and ground systems in the Constellation Program. While the benefits of commonality seem obvious in terms of minimizing upfront ...

Quinn, Shawn M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Grounding and Lightning Protection of Capacitor Controllers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the third report in EPRI's capacitor reliability study. It deals with capacitor controller grounding and lightning protection. Prior reports dealt with nuisance fuse operations, operating and construction practices, and use of distribution line capacitors for transmission voltage support. Simulations were performed to investigate various controller mounting locations and grounding configurations and their impact on the magnitude of surges reaching the controller. Once these aspects of capacitor c...

2005-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

469

Ground Penetrating Imaging Radar Phase II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI project "Ground Penetrating Imaging Radar Phase II," also called the "GPiR Project," started in August 1998 at Schlumberger-Doll Research, a division of Schlumberger Technology Corporation. Its goal was to determine if modern ground-penetrating radar (GPR) could make three-dimensional (3D) images of buried utility lines accurate and detailed enough to help utility companies better manage their underground infrastructure. Work began with a comparison of commercial and prototype GPR systems in the lab...

2001-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

470

MAFOS: A Simple Tool for Monitoring the Performance of RAFOS Sound Sources in the Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A low-cost underwater sound recorder has been developed and tested. It is designed to receive signals from sound sources that serve as navigation aids for RAFOS floats. This moored version of the RAFOS float (MAFOS) can monitor sound sources over ...

Holger Knig; Kathy L. Schultz Tokos; Walter Zenk

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Optimal versioning and pricing of information products with considering or not common valuation of customers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since information products are often offered to market in multiple versions to make vertical differentiation, the optimal versioning strategy has become a hot topic in the research community. This paper focuses on the numerical investigation of the properties ... Keywords: Bilevel programming model, Information product, Numerical computation, Optimal pricing, Versioning strategy

Minqiang Li; Haiyang Feng; Fuzan Chen

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Ground water protection management program plan  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5400.1 requires the establishment of a ground water protection management program to ensure compliance with DOE requirements and applicable federal, state, and local laws and regulations. The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Office was prepared this Ground Water Protection Management Program Plan (ground water protection plan) whose scope and detail reflect the program`s significance and address the seven activities required in DOE Order 5400.1, Chapter III, for special program planning. This ground water protection plan highlights the methods designed to preserve, protect, and monitor ground water resources at UMTRA Project processing and disposal sites. The plan includes an overview of the remedial action status at the 24 designated processing sites and identifies technical guidance documents and site-specific documents for the UMTRA Project ground water protection management program. In addition, the plan addresses the general information required to develop a water resources protection strategy at the permanent disposal sites. Finally, the plan describes ongoing activities that are in various stages of development at UMTRA Project sites.

Not Available

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Grounding Analysis in Heterogeneous Soil Models: Application to Underground Substations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Grounding Analysis in Heterogeneous Soil Models: Application to Underground Substations Ignasi in forthcoming publications. Keywords-grounding analysis; earthing analysis, underground substations; I to a river (at substations next to hydroelectric dams), or the grounding system of a buried electrical

Colominas, Ignasi

474

Extreme-UV electrical discharge source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An extreme ultraviolet and soft x-ray radiation electric capillary discharge source that includes a boron nitride housing defining a capillary bore that is positioned between two electrodes one of which is connected to a source of electric potential can generate a high EUV and soft x-ray radiation flux from the capillary bore outlet with minimal debris. The electrode that is positioned adjacent the capillary bore outlet is typically grounded. Pyrolytic boron nitride, highly oriented pyrolytic boron nitride, and cubic boron nitride are particularly suited. The boron nitride capillary bore can be configured as an insert that is encased in an exterior housing that is constructed of a thermally conductive material. Positioning the ground electrode sufficiently close to the capillary bore outlet also reduces bore erosion.

Fornaciari, Neal R. (Tracey, CA); Nygren, Richard E. (Los Ranchos de Albuquerque, NM); Ulrickson, Michael A. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Community Land Model Version 3.0 (CLM3.0) Developer's Guide  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the guidelines adopted for software development of the Community Land Model (CLM) and serves as a reference to the entire code base of the released version of the model. The version of the code described here is Version 3.0 which was released in the summer of 2004. This document, the Community Land Model Version 3.0 (CLM3.0) User's Guide (Vertenstein et al., 2004), the Technical Description of the Community Land Model (CLM) (Oleson et al., 2004), and the Community Land Model's Dynamic Global Vegetation Model (CLM-DGVM): Technical Description and User's Guide (Levis et al., 2004) provide the developer, user, or researcher with details of implementation, instructions for using the model, a scientific description of the model, and a scientific description of the Dynamic Global Vegetation Model integrated with CLM respectively. The CLM is a single column (snow-soil-vegetation) biogeophysical model of the land surface which can be run serially (on a laptop or personal computer) or in parallel (using distributed or shared memory processors or both) on both vector and scalar computer architectures. Written in Fortran 90, CLM can be run offline (i.e., run in isolation using stored atmospheric forcing data), coupled to an atmospheric model (e.g., the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM)), or coupled to a climate system model (e.g., the Community Climate System Model Version 3 (CCSM3)) through a flux coupler (e.g., Coupler 6 (CPL6)). When coupled, CLM exchanges fluxes of energy, water, and momentum with the atmosphere. The horizontal land surface heterogeneity is represented by a nested subgrid hierarchy composed of gridcells, landunits, columns, and plant functional types (PFTs). This hierarchical representation is reflected in the data structures used by the model code. Biophysical processes are simulated for each subgrid unit (landunit, column, and PFT) independently, and prognostic variables are maintained for each subgrid unit. Vertical heterogeneity is represented by a single vegetation layer, 10 layers for soil, and up to five layers for snow, depending on the snow depth. For computational efficiency, gridcells are grouped into ''clumps'' which are divided in cyclic fashion among distributed memory processors. Additional parallel performance is obtained by distributing clumps of gridcells across shared memory processors on computer platforms that support hybrid Message Passing Interface (MPI)/OpenMP operation. Significant modifications to the source code have been made over the last year to support efficient operation on newer vector architectures, specifically the Earth Simulator in Japan and the Cray X1 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Homan et al., 2004). These code modifications resulted in performance improvements even on the scalar architectures widely used for running CLM presently. To better support vectorized processing in the code, subgrid units (columns and PFTs) are grouped into ''filters'' based on their process-specific categorization. For example, filters (vectors of integers) referring to all snow, non-snow, lake, non-lake, and soil covered columns and PFTs within each clump are built and maintained when the model is run. Many loops within the scientific subroutines use these filters to indirectly address the process-appropriate subgrid units.

Hoffman, FM

2004-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

476

VERA version 1.3 user manual and documentation  

SciTech Connect

VERA is a visualization tool for analyzing compiled executables. It is built on an OpenGL framework with the wxWidgets package. The current version is only for use with the Windows XP and higher operating system. This manual will detail the steps that are needed to run and analyze a sample of malware. VERA is meant to be used in conjunction with the Ether hypervisor framework. Ether is a set of patches made to the Xen hypervisor that allows for covert analysis of running processes. It makes an ideal environment to monitor and trace running programs. More information is available from the Ether website.

Quist, Daniel Allen [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

477

An experiment using Mec: Eurotri, Physical Layer Protocol Implemented Version  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work describes a part of a cooperation between LaBRI and Schlumberger Industries for developping eletricity meters. This part deals with the design and the conception of communication protocols to provide a distributed kernel with safe rendezvous primitives. The implemented version of the protocol is detailed and its safety proven using Mec. Contents 1 Industrial Environment 2 2 Hardware and Inter-Processor Communication 2 2.1 Physical Aspects : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 2 2.2 Potential Problems and Solutions : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 2 2.2.1 Loss of data due to polling rate : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 2 2.2.2 Loss or spontaneous creation of data on the line : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 3 2.2.3 Transmission errors : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :...

Didier Egay Paul; Alain Griffault; Jean-pierre Radoux

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Engineering Technical Training Module - Cable Separation, Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This ETTM provides a self-paced, asynchronous learning experience for engineers to be accessed on their own time in their nuclear power plant environment. This training will be used primarily by engineers to train them on cable and wire separation, including the types and classifications of separation used in commercial nuclear power plants. Browser: Internet Explorerversion 7.0/8.0/9.0, Mozilla version 3.0 Operating System: WindowsXP, Vistaand 7 Screen Resolution: 1024 x 768 Animations: AdobeFlash Playe...

2012-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

479

Solid Waste Projection Model: Database (Version 1. 3)  

SciTech Connect

The Solid Waste Projection Model (SWPM) system is an analytical tool developed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC). The SWPM system provides a modeling and analysis environment that supports decisions in the process of evaluating various solid waste management alternatives. This document, one of a series describing the SWPM system, contains detailed information regarding the software and data structures utilized in developing the SWPM Version 1.3 Database. This document is intended for use by experienced database specialists and supports database maintenance, utility development, and database enhancement.

Blackburn, C.L.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Energy Storage Cost Data Base - Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Energy Storage Cost Data Base Version 1.0 is a prototype reference tool built on an Excel spreadsheet that contains cost and performance data sheets for a variety of energy storage systems. The tool enables utility engineers to screen and select specific storage systems from the data base and perform financial analysis such as levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) and to prepare a financial ProForma based on the selected storage system. The Data Base was first released in 2010 and updated in ...

2012-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ground source versions" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

PR-EDB: Power Reactor Embrittlement Database - Version 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aging and degradation of light-water reactor pressure vessels is of particular concern because of their relevance to plant integrity and the magnitude of the expected irradiation embrittlement. The radiation embrittlement of reactor pressure vessel materials depends on many factors, such as neutron fluence, flux, and energy spectrum, irradiation temperature, and preirradiation material history and chemical compositions. These factors must be considered to reliably predict pressure vessel embrittlement and to ensure the safe operation of the reactor. Large amounts of data from surveillance capsules are needed to develop a generally applicable damage prediction model that can be used for industry standards and regulatory guides. Furthermore, the investigations of regulatory issues such as vessel integrity over plant life, vessel failure, and sufficiency of current codes, Standard Review Plans (SRPs), and Guides for license renewal can be greatly expedited by the use of a well-designed computerized database. The Power Reactor Embrittlement Database (PR-EDB) is such a comprehensive collection of data for U.S. designed commercial nuclear reactors. The current version of the PR-EDB lists the test results of 104 heat-affected-zone (HAZ) materials, 115 weld materials, and 141 base materials, including 103 plates, 35 forgings, and 3 correlation monitor materials that were irradiated in 321 capsules from 106 commercial power reactors. The data files are given in dBASE format and can be accessed with any personal computer using the Windows operating system. "User-friendly" utility programs have been written to investigate radiation embrittlement using this database. Utility programs allow the user to retrieve, select and manipulate specific data, display data to the screen or printer, and fit and plot Charpy impact data. The PR-EDB Version 3.0 upgrades Version 2.0. The package was developed based on the Microsoft .NET framework technology and uses Microsoft Access for backend data storage, and Microsoft Excel for plotting graphs. This software package is compatible with Windows (98 or higher) and has been built with a highly versatile user interface. PR-EDB Version 3.0 also contains an "Evaluated Residual File" utility for generating the evaluated processed files used for radiation embrittlement study.

Wang, Jy-An John [ORNL; Subramani, Ranjit [ORNL

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Montana Ground Water Assessment Act (Montana) | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ground Water Assessment Act (Montana) Montana Ground Water Assessment Act (Montana) Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State...

483

Ground Gravity Survey At Marysville Mt Area (Blackwell) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Gravity Survey At Marysville Mt Area (Blackwell) Exploration Activity Details Location Marysville Mt Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date...

484

Designated Ground Water Basin Map | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Designated Ground Water Basin Map Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Reference Material: Designated Ground Water Basin Map Details Activities (0) Areas...

485

Deputy Secretary Poneman Attends Ground Breaking at Tennessee...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Home Deputy Secretary Poneman Attends Ground Breaking at Tennessee Advanced Vehicle Battery Plant Deputy Secretary Poneman Attends Ground Breaking at Tennessee Advanced Vehicle...

486

Department of Veterans Affairs, FONSI - Ground mounted solar...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ground mounted solar photovoltaic power at San Joaquin National Cemetery Department of Veterans Affairs, FONSI - Ground mounted solar photovoltaic power at San Joaquin National...

487

EA-1406: Ground Water Compliance at the New Rifle, Colorado,...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: Ground Water Compliance at the New Rifle, Colorado, UMTRA Project Site, Rifle, Colorado EA-1406: Ground Water Compliance at the New Rifle, Colorado, UMTRA Project Site, Rifle,...

488

Ground Gravity Survey At Mcgee Mountain Area (DOE GTP) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Gravity Survey At Mcgee Mountain Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Mcgee Mountain...

489

Water Quality Surface and Ground | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Quality Surface and Ground Jump to: navigation, search Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleWaterQualitySurfaceandGround&oldid612197...

490

GROUND PLANE INSULATION FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPC SUPERCONDUCTING COIL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is WIUUTEO GROUND PLANE INSULATION FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPCOn August 27, 1980, an insulation failure occurred dt-ringby a failure uf ground plane insulation. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The

Green, M.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Vertical Distribution of Contamination in Ground Water at the...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vertical Distribution of Contamination in Ground Water at the Tuba City, Arizona, Site Vertical Distribution of Contamination in Ground Water at the Tuba City, Arizona, Site...

492

Technology Section of the White Paper on the Status and Future of Ground-based TeV Gamma-ray Astronomy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a report on the findings of the technology working group for the white paper on the status and future of TeV gamma-ray astronomy. The white paper is an APS commissioned document, and the overall version has also been released and can be found on astro-ph. This detailed section of the white paper discusses different technology opportunities and the technical feasibility for substantially improving IACTS and ground based particle detectors to achieve an order of magnitude better sensitivity than the instruments employed today as well as their planned upgrades. A technology roadmap for improving IACTS and ground based particle detectors is presented.

Byrum, K; Bugayov, S; Dingus, B; Fegan, S; Funk, S; Hays, E; Holder, J; Horan, D; Konopelko, A; Krawczynski, H; Krennrich, F; Lebohec, S; Sinnis, G; Smith, A; Vasilev, V; Wakely, S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Technology Section of the White Paper on the Status and Future of Ground-based TeV Gamma-ray Astronomy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a report on the findings of the technology working group for the white paper on the status and future of TeV gamma-ray astronomy. The white paper is an APS commissioned document, and the overall version has also been released and can be found on astro-ph. This detailed section of the white paper discusses different technology opportunities and the technical feasibility for substantially improving IACTS and ground based particle detectors to achieve an order of magnitude better sensitivity than the instruments employed today as well as their planned upgrades. A technology roadmap for improving IACTS and ground based particle detectors is presented.

K. Byrum; J. Buckley; S. Bugayov; B. Dingus; S. Fegan; S. Funk; E. Hays; J. Holder; D. Horan; A. Konopelko; H. Krawczynski; F. Krennrich; S. Lebohec; G. Sinnis; A. Smith; V. Vassiliev; S. Wakely

2008-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

494