National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for granite wash tx

  1. WASH-

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    rcc.p,anc. 01 thts arf~cle. tha yubl~rhe, "r ~u~~iunl riknouu~adqnS the U.S. C;ov.rnmmnf' s rayhr (0 retam l nOn*aClulive.roy~ltV (r-0 ltconso In ma IO Dny Copvrlqhl WASH- covrrm~ the wtvdo. ISADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE SEAWAY INDUSTRIAL PARK W . D. Cottrell, R. W . Leggett and H. W . Dickson Health Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 December 1976 CONTENTS l&t of Tab1 es - . . . List of Illustrations . . Abstract . . . . . . Introduction . . . .

  2. EIS-0412: TX Energy, LLC, Industrial Gasification Facility Near...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2: TX Energy, LLC, Industrial Gasification Facility Near Beaumont, TX EIS-0412: TX Energy, LLC, Industrial Gasification Facility Near Beaumont, TX February 18, 2009 EIS-0412: ...

  3. US WSC TX Site Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    WSC TX Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US WSC TX Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 4,000 8,000 12,000 16,000 US WSC TX Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 US WSC TX Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Texas households consume an average of 77 million Btu per year, about 14% less than the U.S. average. * Average electricity consumption per Texas home is 26% higher than

  4. D&TX

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    *. ( ARGONNE RATIONAL 1-Ci3ORATORY . 1 D&TX 7. my 19, 1349 70 t. Z. ROse at L, Em &=i*p~~4 DVur;uM hLl%L ?bvs -Lcs . FReti c. c. Fqpr an2 2. E. sulu+rr fis2 S*crep t & fbQ s-e: of the ?atagel DrFAm%un !! 1 0 * the >rt &Fz=z d t& &men of ScieJce & >&7*-z 4-q 2s'; %rZion 0C the ZLLS~~~ of Science a2 31~52-37 fo2 T&imcyyg c.=A+=< he-< - ,,a uas c:cgetes ALL 12, 1SL9. Z 0 sor;~~,-~-lioi! c.jme s 'm&-go& ~WC& c ",& d*cg&A

  5. GRANITE RELIABLE | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    GRANITE RELIABLE GRANITE RELIABLE PDF icon DOE-LPO_Project-Posters_WIND_Granite-Reliable.pdf More Documents & Publications USG OREGON EA-1801: Finding of No Significant Impact DOE-LPO_Outreach_LPO-Overview_CSP

  6. GRANITE RELIABLE | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    It will prevent 130,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions annually. PROJECT STATISTICS: GRANITE RELIABLE PROJECT SUMMARY OWNERS BAIF Granite Holdings & Freshet Wind ...

  7. CleanTX Foundation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. CleanTX Foundation is a policy organization located in Austin, Texas. References About CleanTX Foundation Retrieved from...

  8. Granite Falls Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Granite Falls Energy Place: Granite Falls, Minnesota Zip: 56241 Product: Bioethanol producer using corn as feedstock References: Granite Falls Energy1 This article is...

  9. EIS-0412: TX Energy, LLC, Industrial Gasification Facility Near Beaumont,

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    TX | Department of Energy 2: TX Energy, LLC, Industrial Gasification Facility Near Beaumont, TX EIS-0412: TX Energy, LLC, Industrial Gasification Facility Near Beaumont, TX February 18, 2009 EIS-0412: Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Construction of the TX Energy, LLC, Industrial Gasification Facility near Beaumont, Texas

  10. Solvent wash solution

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Neace, James C. (Blackville, SC)

    1986-01-01

    Process for removing diluent degradation products from a solvent extraction solution, which has been used to recover uranium and plutonium from spent nuclear fuel. A wash solution and the solvent extraction solution are combined. The wash solution contains (a) water and (b) up to about, and including, 50 volume percent of at least one-polar water-miscible organic solvent based on the total volume of the water and the highly-polar organic solvent. The wash solution also preferably contains at least one inorganic salt. The diluent degradation products dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent and the organic solvent extraction solvent do not dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent. The highly-polar organic solvent and the extraction solvent are separated.

  11. Solvent wash solution

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Neace, J.C.

    1984-03-13

    A process is claimed for removing diluent degradation products from a solvent extraction solution, which has been used to recover uranium and plutonium from spent nuclear fuel. A wash solution and the solvent extraction solution are combined. The wash solution contains (a) water and (b) up to about, and including, 50 vol % of at least one-polar water-miscible organic solvent based on the total volume of the water and the highly-polar organic solvent. The wash solution also preferably contains at least one inorganic salt. The diluent degradation products dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent and the organic solvent extraction solvent do not dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent. The highly-polar organic solvent and the extraction solvent are separated.

  12. Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade ...

  13. Alamo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars per...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Alamo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Alamo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade ...

  14. EDF Industrial Power Services (TX), LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EDF Industrial Power Services (TX), LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: EDF Industrial Power Services (TX), LLC Place: Texas Phone Number: 877-432-4530 Website:...

  15. Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release Reference Case

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (CO, WY) Haynesville Utica (OH, PA & WV) Marcellus (PA,WV,OH & NY) Woodford (OK) Granite Wash (OK & TX) Austin Chalk (LA & TX) Monterey (CA) U.S. tight oil production...

  16. TX-100 manufacturing final project report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ashwill, Thomas D.; Berry, Derek S.

    2007-11-01

    This report details the work completed under the TX-100 blade manufacturing portion of the Carbon-Hybrid Blade Developments: Standard and Twist-Coupled Prototype project. The TX-100 blade is a 9 meter prototype blade designed with bend-twist coupling to augment the mitigation of peak loads during normal turbine operation. This structural coupling was achieved by locating off axis carbon fiber in the outboard portion of the blade skins. The report will present the tooling selection, blade production, blade instrumentation, blade shipping and adapter plate design and fabrication. The baseline blade used for this project was the ERS-100 (Revision D) wind turbine blade. The molds used for the production of the TX-100 were originally built for the production of the CX-100 blade. The same high pressure and low pressure skin molds were used to manufacture the TX-100 skins. In order to compensate for the difference in skin thickness between the CX-100 and the TX-100, however, a new TX-100 shear web plug and mold were required. Both the blade assembly fixture and the root stud insertion fixture used for the CX-100 blades could be utilized for the TX-100 blades. A production run of seven TX-100 prototype blades was undertaken at TPI Composites during the month of October, 2004. Of those seven blades, four were instrumented with strain gauges before final assembly. After production at the TPI Composites facility in Rhode Island, the blades were shipped to various test sites: two blades to the National Wind Technology Center at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Boulder, Colorado, two blades to Sandia National Laboratory in Albuquerque, New Mexico and three blades to the United States Department of Agriculture turbine field test facility in Bushland, Texas. An adapter plate was designed to allow the TX-100 blades to be installed on existing Micon 65/13M turbines at the USDA site. The conclusion of this program is the kick-off of the TX-100 blade testing at the three testing facilities.

  17. A Proposed New Classification Of The Granites Of Egypt | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    classified according to relative age (old and younger granites), dominant colour (grey, red and pink granites), type localities (Shaitian, Gattarian and Gharib granites) or their...

  18. ARM - Field Campaign - TX-2002 AIRS Validation Campaign

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    govCampaignsTX-2002 AIRS Validation Campaign Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : TX-2002 AIRS Validation...

  19. Status of LLNL granite projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramspott, L.D.

    1980-12-31

    The status of LLNL Projects dealing with nuclear waste disposal in granitic rocks is reviewed. This review covers work done subsequent to the June 1979 Workshop on Thermomechanical Modeling for a Hardrock Waste Repository and is prepared for the July 1980 Workshop on Thermomechanical-Hydrochemical Modeling for a Hardrock Waste Repository. Topics reviewed include laboratory determination of thermal, mechanical, and transport properties of rocks at conditions simulating a deep geologic repository, and field testing at the Climax granitic stock at the USDOE Nevada Test Site.

  20. Enhanced sludge washing evaluation plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jensen, R.D.

    1994-09-01

    The Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Program mission is to store, treat, and immobilize highly radioactive Hanford Site waste (current and future tank waste and the strontium/cesium capsules) in an environmentally sound, safe, and cost-effective manner. The scope of the TWRS Waste Pretreatment Program is to treat tank waste and separate that waste into HLW and LLW fractions and provide additional treatment as required to feed LLW and HLW immobilization facilities. Enhanced sludge washing was chosen as the baseline process for separating Hanford tank waste sludge. Section 1.0 briefly discusses the purpose of the evaluation plan and provides the background that led to the choice of enhanced sludge washing as the baseline process. Section 2.0 provides a brief summary of the evaluation plan details. Section 3.0 discusses, in some detail, the technical work planned to support the evaluation of enhanced sludge washing. Section 4.0 briefly discusses the potential important of policy issues to the evaluation. Section 5.0 discusses the methodology to be used in the evaluation process. Section 6.0 summarizes the milestones that have been defined to complete the enhanced sludge washing evaluation and provides a summary schedule to evaluate the performance of enhanced sludge washing. References are identified in Section 7.0, and additional schedule and milestone information is provided in the appendices.

  1. Midea Washing Appliance: Order (2011-CE-1903)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Midea Washing Appliance Mfg. Co., Ltd. to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Midea Washing Appliance had failed to certify that certain models of dishwashers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  2. Granite City, Illinois, Site Fact Sheet

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Granite City, Illinois, Site. This site is managed by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. Granite City, Illinois, Site ILLINOIS MISSOURI Alton Belleville East St. Louis Granite City Florissant Oakville St. Louis 67 50 67 55 70 255 170 270 64 44 270 55 64 61 Granite City Site M:\LTS\111\0001\10\S03057\S0305700.mxd smithw 09/16/2011 7:56:57 AM 0 7.5 15 Miles Springfield ILLINOIS M i s s i s s i p p i R i v e r

  3. Granite State Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    State Electric Co Jump to: navigation, search Name: Granite State Electric Co Place: New York Green Button Access: Implemented Green Button Reference Page: www.whitehouse.govblog...

  4. Wash

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    set of definitions, guidelines, and savings categories. When the Contractor Supply Chain Council (CSCC) was chartered, one of its primary objectives was to look for ways to...

  5. Wash

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Waldmann, George Waldmann, George Phone 202-586-9904 Room 4F-033 E-mail george.waldmann@hq.doe.gov Last Name Waldmann First Name George Title Director Employment Solutions

    Walk-In Panels Walk-In Panels The Department of Energy (DOE) develops standardized data templates for reporting the results of tests conducted in accordance with current DOE test procedures. Templates may be used by third-party laboratories under contract with DOE that conduct testing in support of ENERGY STAR®

  6. RAPID/Roadmap/6-TX-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Construction Storm Water Permit (6-TX-b) The Texas...

  7. RAPID/Roadmap/19-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Water Access and Water Rights Overview (19-TX-a) In the late 1960's Texas...

  8. RAPID/Roadmap/14-TX-d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us 401 Water Quality Certification (14-TX-d) Section 401 of the Clean Water Act (CWA)...

  9. RAPID/Roadmap/11-TX-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Human Remains Process (11-TX-b) This flowchart illustrates the procedure a...

  10. RAPID/Roadmap/11-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative 11-TX-a.1 - Have Potential Human Remains Been Discovered? If the developer discovers potential human remains during any...

  11. RAPID/Roadmap/3-TX-i | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    construction plans on the leased asset; Permission for the representatives of TxDOT to enter the area for inspection, maintenance, or reconstruction of highway facilities as...

  12. RAPID/Roadmap/15-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools Contribute Contact Us Air Quality Permit - Permit to Construct (15-TX-a) This flowchart illustrates the general...

  13. RAPID/Roadmap/11-TX-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    11-TX-c.2 - Does the Project Area Contain a Recorded Archaeological Site? However, oil, gas, or other mineral exploration, production, processing, marketing, refining, or...

  14. ,"Alamo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Alamo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data...

  15. RAPID/Roadmap/6-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    must obtain the proper oversizeoverweight permit from the Texas Department of Motor Vehicles (TxDMV). 06TXAExtraLegalVehiclePermittingProcess.pdf Error creating...

  16. Hanford Single Shell Tank Leak Causes and Locations - 241-TX Farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Girardot, C. L.; Harlow, D> G.

    2014-07-22

    This document identifies 241-TX Tank Farm (TX Farm) leak causes and locations for the 100 series leaking tanks (241-TX-107 and 241-TX-114) identified in RPP-RPT-50870, Rev. 0, Hanford 241-TX Farm Leak Inventory Assessment Report. This document satisfies the TX Farm portion of the target (T04) in the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order milestone M-045-91F.

  17. Images of Fracture Sustainability Test on Stripa Granite

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Tim Kneafsey

    2014-05-11

    Images of the Stripa Granite core before and after the fracture sustainability test. Photos of fracture faces of Stripa Granite core.

  18. Images of Fracture Sustainability Test on Stripa Granite

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Tim Kneafsey

    Images of the Stripa Granite core before and after the fracture sustainability test. Photos of fracture faces of Stripa Granite core.

  19. EFRT M-12 Issue Resolution: Solids Washing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baldwin, David L.; Schonewill, Philip P.; Toth, James J.; Huckaby, James L.; Eslinger, Paul W.; Hanson, Brady D.; Kurath, Dean E.; Minette, Michael J.

    2009-08-14

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has been tasked by Bechtel National Inc. (BNI) on the River Protection Project-Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (RPP-WTP) project to perform research and development activities to resolve technical issues identified for the Pretreatment Facility (PTF). The Pretreatment Engineering Platform (PEP) was designed, constructed, and operated as part of a plan to respond to issue M12, “Undemonstrated Leaching Processes.” The PEP is a 1/4.5-scale test platform designed to simulate the WTP pretreatment caustic leaching, oxidative leaching, ultrafiltration solids concentration, and slurry washing processes. The PEP replicates the WTP leaching processes using prototypic equipment and control strategies. Two operating scenarios were evaluated for the ultrafiltration process (UFP) and leaching operations. The first scenario has caustic leaching performed in the UFP-VSL-T01A/B ultrafiltration feed vessels, identified as Integrated Test A. The second scenario has caustic leaching conducted in the UFP-VSL-T02A ultrafiltration feed preparation vessel, identified as Integrated Test B. Washing operations in PEP Integrated Tests A and B were conducted successfully as per the approved run sheets. However, various minor instrumental problems occurred, and some of the process conditions specified in the run sheet were not met during the wash operations, such as filter-loop flow-rate targets not being met. Five analytes were selected based on full solubility and monitored in the post-caustic-leach wash as successful indicators of washing efficiency. These were aluminum, sulfate, nitrate, nitrite, and free hydroxide. Other analytes, including sodium, oxalate, phosphate, and total dissolved solids, showed indications of changing solubility; therefore, they were unsuitable for monitoring washing efficiency. In the post-oxidative-leach wash, two analytes with full solubility were selected as suitable indicators of washing efficiency. These were chromium and oxalate. Other analytes, including sodium, manganese, nitrate, and total dissolved solids, showed indications of changing solubility; therefore, they were unsuitable for monitoring washing efficiency. An overall wash efficiency of 1.00 ± 0.01 was determined for the post-caustic-leach wash. The overall wash efficiency for the post-oxidative-leach wash was determined also to be 0.99 ± 0.01. These wash efficiencies were based on the weighted least squares fit of the full data set for each applicable analyte and are an average of several analytes traced during the washing steps in Integrated Tests A and B. Incremental wash efficiencies as a function of wash step were also given to provide an indication of the variability during the washing process. Chemical tracer tests resulted in the major conclusion that nearly complete mixing was achieved between 2 and 4 minutes after tracer injection. With inconsistent filter-loop flow rates and other mixing parameters, future process conditions should be taken into account during further interpretation of these data. A slight decrease of 8 to 10% in the tracer concentration between 4 and 60 minutes suggests that there was a relatively small unmixed region that mixed over the course of the 1-hour test. The IW batch time interval, defined as the duration between the start of the IW wash injection for a batch to the start for the IW wash injection for the subsequent batch, was often close to or less than the required 4-minute mixing time indicated by the tracer tests. Such short batch durations did not appear to have significantly impacted the washing efficiencies.

  20. Inhibition Of Washed Sludge With Sodium Nitrite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Congdon, J. W.; Lozier, J. S.

    2012-09-25

    This report describes the results of electrochemical tests used to determine the relationship between the concentration of the aggressive anions in washed sludge and the minimum effective inhibitor concentration. Sodium nitrate was added as the inhibitor because of its compatibility with the DWPF process. A minimum of 0.05M nitrite is required to inhibit the washed sludge simulant solution used in this study. When the worst case compositions and safety margins are considered, it is expected that a minimum operating limit of nearly 0.1M nitrite will be specified. The validity of this limit is dependent on the accuracy of the concentrations and solubility splits previously reported. Sodium nitrite additions to obtain 0.1M nitrite concentrations in washed sludge will necessitate the additional washing of washed precipitate in order to decrease its sodium nitrite inhibitor requirements sufficiently to remain below the sodium limits in the feed to the DWPF. Nitrite will be the controlling anion in "fresh" washed sludge unless the soluble chloride concentration is about ten times higher than predicted by the solubility splits. Inhibition of "aged" washed sludge will not be a problem unless significant chloride dissolution occurs during storage. It will be very important tomonitor the composition of washed sludge during processing and storage.

  1. Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Million Cubic Feet) Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 252 1,324 824 1,017 871 770 ...

  2. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Mexico (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 2,725 - No Data ...

  3. Eagle Pass, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Million Cubic Feet) Eagle Pass, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 159 155 151 135 135 127 118 ...

  4. Galvan Ranch, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Million Cubic Feet) Galvan Ranch, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 12 40 77 59 55 47 43 41 ...

  5. Laredo, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Million Cubic Feet) Laredo, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 0.512 0.497 2016 2.732 - No ...

  6. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to South Korea (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    South Korea (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to South Korea (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 3,157 ...

  7. Price Liquefied Freeport, TX Natural Gas Exports Price to Japan...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Japan (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price Liquefied Freeport, TX Natural Gas Exports Price to Japan (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

  8. TxDOT Access Management Manual | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Access Management Manual Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: TxDOT Access Management ManualLegal Abstract Manual prepared...

  9. RAPID/Roadmap/12-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Contribute Contact Us State Biological Resource Considerations (12-TX-a) In Texas, no person may capture, trap, take, or kill, or attempt to capture, trap, take, or kill,...

  10. RAPID/Roadmap/19-TX-e | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    will not interfere with other water rights. 19-TX-e Temporary Surface Water Permit.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number...

  11. RAPID/Roadmap/3-TX-e | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the leasing process. 03-TX-e - Lease of Texas Parks & Wildlife Department Land (1).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number...

  12. RAPID/Roadmap/19-TX-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    19-TX-b.6 - Does the Developer Own the Overlying Land? In Texas, the right to acquire and pump ground water is tied to the ownership of the land overlying the groundwater aquifer....

  13. Alamo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    individual company data. Release Date: 09302015 Next Release Date: 10302015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Alamo, TX Natural Gas Exports to...

  14. TANK 7 CHARACTERIZATION AND WASHING STUDIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lambert, D.; Pareizs, J.; Click, D.

    2010-02-04

    A 3-L PUREX sludge sample from Tank 7 was characterized and then processed through a series of inhibited water washes to remove oxalate, sodium, and other soluble ions. Current plans use Tank 7 as one of the feed sources for Sludge Batch 7 (SB7). Tank 7 is high in oxalate due to the oxalic acid cleaning of the sludge heels from Tanks 5 and 6 and subsequent transfer to Tank 7. Ten decant and nine wash cycles were performed over a 47 day period at ambient temperature. Initially, seven decants and seven washes were completed based on preliminary estimates of the number of wash cycles required to remove the oxalate in the sludge. After reviewing the composition data, SRNL recommended the completion of 2 or 3 more decant/wash cycles to ensure all of the sodium oxalate had redissolved. In the first 7 washes, the slurry oxalate concentration was 12,300 mg/kg (69.6% oxalate removal compared to 96.1% removal of the other soluble ions). After all ten decants were complete, the slurry oxalate concentration was 3,080 mg/kg (89.2% oxalate removal compared to 99.0% of the other soluble ions). The rate of dissolution of oxalate increased significantly with subsequent washes until all of the sodium oxalate had been redissolved after seven decant/wash cycles. The measured oxalate concentrations agreed very well with LWO predictions for washing of the Tank 7 sample. Highlights of the analysis and washing of the Tank 7 sample include: (1) Sodium oxalate was detected in the as-received filtered solids. 95% of the oxalate was insoluble (undissolved) in the as-received slurry. (2) No sodium oxalate was detected in the post-wash filtered solids. (3) Sodium oxalate is the last soluble species that redissolves during washing with inhibited water. In order to significantly reduce the sodium oxalate concentration, the sludge must be highly washed, leaving the other soluble anions and cations (including sodium) very low in concentration. (4) The post-wash slurry had 1% of the soluble anions and cations remaining, with the exception of sodium and oxalate, for which the percentages were 2.8% and 10.8% respectively. The post-wash sodium concentration was 9.25 wt% slurry total solids basis and 0.15 M supernate. (5) The settling rate of slurry was very fast allowing the completion of one decant/wash cycle each day. (6) The measured yield stress of as-received (6.42 wt% undissolved solids) and post-wash (7.77 wt% undissolved solids) slurry was <1 Pa. For rapidly settling slurries, it can be hard to measure the yield stress of the slurry so this result may be closer to the supernate result than the slurry. The recommended strategy for developing the oxalate target for sludge preparation for Sludge Batch 7 includes the following steps: (1) CPC simulant testing to determine the percent oxalate destruction and acid mix needed to produce a predicted redox of approximately 0.2 Fe{sup +2}/{Sigma}Fe in a SME product while meeting all DWPF processing constraints. (2) Perform a DWPF melter flammability assessment to ensure that the additional carbon in the oxalate together with other carbon sources will not lead to a flammability issue. (3) Perform a DWPF glass paper assessment to ensure the glass produced will meet all DWPF glass limits due to the sodium concentration in the sludge batch. The testing would need to be repeated if a significant CPC processing change, such as an alternative reductant to formic acid, is implemented.

  15. Mr. Thomas Mahl Granite City Steel Company

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    8&v/ Mr. Thomas Mahl Granite City Steel Company 20th and State Streets Granite City, IL 62040 Dear Mr. Mahl: This is to notify you that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has designated your company's facility for remedial action as a part of the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. Remedial activities are managed by the DOE Oak Ridge Field Office, and Ms. Teresa Perry (615-576-8956) will be the site manager. As a result of the designation decision, Ms. Perry will be the

  16. McAllen, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    McAllen, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) McAllen, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade ...

  17. File:03-TX-g - Lease of Relinquishment Act Lands.pdf | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TX-g - Lease of Relinquishment Act Lands.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:03-TX-g - Lease of Relinquishment Act Lands.pdf Size of this...

  18. File:03-TX-f - Lease of Land Trade Lands.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TX-f - Lease of Land Trade Lands.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:03-TX-f - Lease of Land Trade Lands.pdf Size of this preview: 463 599...

  19. Price of San Elizario, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Price of San Elizario, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of San Elizario, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per...

  20. File:03-TX-e - Lease of Texas Parks & Wildlife Department Land...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    3-TX-e - Lease of Texas Parks & Wildlife Department Land (1).pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:03-TX-e - Lease of Texas Parks & Wildlife...

  1. Technical bases DWPF Late Washing Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fish, D.L.; Landon, L.F.

    1992-08-10

    A task force recommended that the technical feasibility of a Late Wash' facility be assessed [1]. In this facility, each batch of tetraphenylborate slurry from Tank 49 would be given a final wash to reduce the concentrations of nitrite and radiolysis products to acceptable levels. Laboratory-scale studies have demonstrated that d the nitrite content of the slurry fed to DWPF is reduced to 0.01 M or less (and at least a 4X reduction in concentration of the soluble species is attained), (1) the need for HAN during hydrolysis is eliminated (eliminating the production of ammonium ion during hydrolysis), (2) hydrolysis may be done with a catalyst concentration that will not exceed the copper solubility in glass and (3) the non-polar organic production during hydrolysis is significantly reduced. The first phase of an aggressive research and development program has been completed and all test results obtained to date support the technical feasibility of Late Washing. Paralleling this research and development effort is an aggressive design study directed by DWPF to scope and cost retrofitting the Auxiliary Pump Pit (APP) to enable performing a final wash of each batch of precipitate slurry before R is transferred into the DWPF Soft Processing Cell (SPC). An initial technical bases for the Late Wash Facility was transmitted to DWPF on June 15, 1992. Research and development activities are continuing directed principally at optimization of the cross-f low fitter decontamination methodology and pilot-scale validation of the recommended benzene stripping metodology.

  2. Wash solvent reuse in paint production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parsons, A.B.; Heater, K.J.; Olfenbuttel, R.F.

    1994-04-01

    The project evaluated solvent used to clean paint manufacture equipment for its utility in production of subsequent batches of solvent-borne paint. Reusing wash solvent would reduce the amount of solvent disposed of as waste. The evaluation of this wash-solvent recovery technology was conducted by Battelle Memorial Institute for the Pollution Prevention Research Branch of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The evaluation was conducted with the cooperation and assistance of Vanex Color, Inc. The product quality, waste reduction/pollution prevention, and economic impacts of this technology change, as it has been implemented by Vanex, were examined. Two batches of a solvent-borne alkyd house paint were prepared at Vanex--one batch made with 100%-new solvent and the other with 30%-wash solvent--and sampled for laboratory analysis at Battelle.

  3. Clint, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Million Cubic Feet) Clint, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 8,088 6,402 7,296 6,783 8,836 ...

  4. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2016 2 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 04/29/2016 Next Release Date: 05/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S.

  5. LPO5-002-Proj-Poster-WIND-Granite

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    GRANITE RELIABLE As one of the first U.S. projects to use larger, more e cient turbines, Granite Reliable is a pioneering American wind farm. INVESTING in AMERICAN ENERGY OWNERS BAIF Granite Holdings & Freshet Wind Energy LOCATION Coos County, New Hampshire LOAN AMOUNT $169 Million ISSUANCE DATE September 2011 GENERATION CAPACITY 99 MW PROJECTED ANNUAL GENERATION 224,000 MWh CLIMATE BENEFIT 130,000 Metric Tons of CO 2 Prevented Annually

  6. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Granite2_FUSRAP

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Office of Legacy Management activities consist of managing site records and responding to stakeholder inquiries. For more information about the Granite City Site, view the fact ...

  7. Granite County, Montana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Granite County, Montana: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 46.3374643, -113.4647823 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  8. Granite Creek Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Creek Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Granite Creek Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  9. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 2,725 2014 2,664 2015 2,805 2,728 2,947 3,145 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 04/29/2016 Next Release Date: 05/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S.

  10. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports Price (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2016 10.00 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 04/29/2016 Next Release Date: 05/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of

  11. Rotary mode core sampling approved checklist: 241-TX-113

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fowler, K.D.

    1998-08-03

    The safety assessment for rotary mode core sampling was developed using certain bounding assumptions, however, those assumptions were not verified for each of the existing or potential flammable gas tanks. Therefore, a Flammable Gas/Rotary Mode Core Sampling Approved Checklist has been completed for tank 241-TX-113 prior to sampling operations. This transmittal documents the dispositions of the checklist items from the safety assessment.

  12. Rotary mode core sampling approved checklist: 241-TX-116

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    FOWLER, K.D.

    1999-02-24

    The safety assessment for rotary mode core sampling was developed using certain bounding assumptions, however, those assumptions were not verified for each of the existing or potential flammable gas tanks. Therefore, a Flammable Gas/Rotary Mode Core Sampling Approved Checklist has been completed for tank 241-TX-116 prior to sampling operations. This transmittal documents the dispositions of the checklist items from the safety assessment.

  13. Albany, OR * Fairbanks, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugarland, TX

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sugarland, TX Website: www.netl.doe.gov Customer Service: 1-800-553-7681 Enhanced Oil Recovery Program The mission of the Enhanced Oil Recovery Program is to provide information and technologies that will assure sustainable, reliable, affordable, and environmentally sound supplies of domestic oil resources. The Strategic Center for Natural Gas and Oil (SCNGO) seeks to accomplish this critical mission by advancing environmentally responsible technological solutions that enhance recovery of oil

  14. Ceramic wash-coat for catalyst support

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kulkarni, Anand A.; Subramanian, Ramesh; Sabol, Stephen M.

    2012-08-14

    Abstract A wash-coat (16) for use as a support for an active catalyst species (18) and a catalytic combustor component (10) incorporating such wash-coat. The wash-coat is a solid solution of alumina or alumina-based material (Al.sub.2O.sub.3-0-3 wt % La.sub.2O.sub.3) and a further oxide exhibiting a coefficient of thermal expansion that is lower than that exhibited by alumina. The further oxide may be silicon dioxide (2-30 wt % SiO.sub.2), zirconia silicate (2-30 wt % ZrSiO.sub.4), neodymium oxide (0-4 wt %), titania (Al.sub.2O.sub.3-3-40% TiO.sub.2) or alumina-based magnesium aluminate spinel (Al.sub.2O.sub.3-25 wt % MgO) in various embodiments. The active catalyst species may be palladium and a second metal in a concentration of 10-50% of the concentration of the palladium.

  15. Irreversible Wash Aid Additive for Cesium Mitigation: WARRP Demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaminski, Michael

    2015-01-01

    This activity demonstrated, on a practical scale, the primary unit operations for building a containment structure for radioactive wash waters, washing down a hypothetically radioactively contaminated vehicle, collecting the hypothetically radioactive slurry waste water, filtering the hypothetically radioactive wash waters, disassembling the containment, and transporting the materials for final disposition.

  16. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: M Street Homes, Houston, TX |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy M Street Homes, Houston, TX DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: M Street Homes, Houston, TX DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: M Street Homes, Houston, TX Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready home in Houston, TX, that achieves a HERS 45 without PV or HERS 32 with 1.2 kW PV. The three-story, 4,507-ft2 custom home is powered by a unique tri-generation system that supplies all of the home's electricity, heating, and cooling on site. The tri-generator is powered by a

  17. Microsoft Word - TX-100 Final Report - SAND2007-6066.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Manager: Tom Ashwill Abstract This report details the work completed under the TX-100 blade manufacturing portion of the Carbon-Hybrid Blade Developments: Standard and...

  18. TANK 4 CHARACTERIZATION, SETTLING, AND WASHING STUDIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bannochie, C.; Pareizs, J.; Click, D.; Zamecnik, J.

    2009-09-29

    A sample of PUREX sludge from Tank 4 was characterized, and subsequently combined with a Tank 51 sample (Tank 51-E1) received following Al dissolution, but prior to a supernate decant by the Tank Farm, to perform a settling and washing study to support Sludge Batch 6 preparation. The sludge source for the majority of the Tank 51-E1 sample is Tank 12 HM sludge. The Tank 51-E1 sample was decanted by SRNL prior to use in the settling and washing study. The Tank 4 sample was analyzed for chemical composition including noble metals. The characterization of the Tank 51-E1 sample, used here in combination with the Tank 4 sample, was reported previously. SRNL analyses on Tank 4 were requested by Liquid Waste Engineering (LWE) via Technical Task Request (TTR) HLE-TTR-2009-103. The sample preparation work is governed by Task Technical and Quality Assurance Plan (TTQAP), and analyses were controlled by an Analytical Study Plan and modifications received via customer communications. Additional scope included a request for a settling study of decanted Tank 51-E1 and a blend of decanted Tank 51-E1 and Tank 4, as well as a washing study to look into the fate of undissolved sulfur observed during the Tank 4 characterization. The chemistry of the Tank 4 sample was modeled with OLI Systems, Inc. StreamAnalyzer to determine the likelihood that sulfate could exist in this sample as insoluble Burkeite (2Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} {center_dot} Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}). The OLI model was also used to predict the composition of the blended tank materials for the washing study. The following conclusions were drawn from the Tank 4 analytical results reported here: (1) Any projected blend of Tank 4 and the current Tank 51 contents will produce a SB6 composition that is lower in Ca and U than the current SB5 composition being processed by DWPF. (2) Unwashed Tank 4 has a relatively large initial S concentration of 3.68 wt% on a total solids basis, and approximately 10% of the total S is present as an insoluble or undissolved form. (3) There is 19% more S than can be accounted for by IC sulfate measurement. This additional soluble S is detected by ICP-AES analysis of the supernate. (4) Total supernate and slurry sulfur by ICP-AES should be monitored during washing in addition to supernate sulfate in order to avoid under estimating the amount of sulfur species removed or remaining in the supernate. (5) OLI simulation calculations show that the presence of undissolved Burkeite in the Tank 4 sample is reasonable, assuming a small difference in the Na concentration that is well within the analytical uncertainties of the reported value. The following conclusions were drawn from the blend studies of Tank 4 and decanted Tank 51-E1: (1) The addition of Tank 4 slurry to a decanted Tank 51-E1 sample significantly improved the degree and time for settling. (2) The addition of Tank 4 slurry to a decanted Tank 51-E1 sample significantly improved the plastic viscosity and yield stress. (3) The SRNL washing test, where nearly all of the wash solution was decanted from the solids, indicates that approximately 96% or more of the total S was removed from the blend in these tests, and the removal of the sulfur tracks closely with that of Na. Insoluble (undissolved) S remaining in the washed sludge was calculated from an estimate of the final slurry liquid fraction, the S result in the slurry digestion, and the S in the final decant (which was very close to the method detection limit). Based on this calculated result, about 4% of the initial total S remained after these washes; this amount is equivalent to about 18% of the initially undissolved S.

  19. The Wash Tidal Barrier Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: The Wash Tidal Barrier Corporation Place: Cambridge, England, United Kingdom Zip: CB24 8RX Product: Company building a tidal barrier...

  20. Geology and Groundwater Investigation Many Devils Wash, Shiprock...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    in a Desert Arroyo: Many Devils Wash, Shiprock, New Mexico Multivariate Statistical Analysis of Water Chemistry in Evaluating the Origin of Contamination in Many Devils ...

  1. EFRT M-12 Issue Resolution: Solids Washing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baldwin, David L.; Schonewill, Philip P.; Toth, James J.; Huckaby, James L.; Eslinger, Paul W.; Hanson, Brady D.; Kurath, Dean E.; Minette, Michael J.

    2010-01-01

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was tasked by Bechtel National Inc. (BNI) on the River Protection Project-Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (RPP-WTP) project to perform research and development activities to resolve technical issues identified for the Pretreatment Facility (PTF). The Pretreatment Engineering Platform (PEP) was designed, constructed, and operated as part of a plan to respond to issue M12, Undemonstrated Leaching Processes of the External Flowsheet Review Team (EFRT) issue response plan.( ) The PEP is a 1/4.5-scale test platform designed to simulate the WTP pretreatment caustic leaching, oxidative leaching, ultrafiltration solids concentration, and slurry washing processes. The PEP replicates the WTP leaching processes using prototypic equipment and control strategies. The PEP also includes non-prototypic ancillary equipment to support the core processing.

  2. EA-1801: Granite Reliable Power Wind Park Project in Coos County, NH |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy 01: Granite Reliable Power Wind Park Project in Coos County, NH EA-1801: Granite Reliable Power Wind Park Project in Coos County, NH June 25, 2010 EA-1801: Final Environmental Impact Granite Reliable Power Wind Project, Coos County, New Hampshire July 23, 2010 EA-1801: Finding of No Significant Impact Granite Reliable Power Wind Project, Coos County, New Hampshire

  3. Granite State Electric Co (New Hampshire) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Co (New Hampshire) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Granite State Electric Co (Liberty Utilities) Place: New Hampshire Phone Number: 1-800-375-7413 Website: www.libertyutilities.c...

  4. Crystallographic evidence for simultaneous growth in graphic granite

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Journal Article: Crystallographic evidence for simultaneous growth in graphic granite Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Crystallographic evidence for simultaneous growth in graphic granite Authors: Xu, Haijun ; Zhang, Junfeng ; Yu, Tony ; Rivers, Mark ; Wang, Yanbin ; Zhao, Shanrong [1] ; UC) [2] + Show Author Affiliations (China U. Geo.) ( Publication Date: 2015-08-21 OSTI Identifier: 1178828 Resource Type: Journal Article Resource Relation:

  5. CX-100 and TX-100 blade field tests.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holman, Adam (USDA-Agriculture Research Service, Bushland, TX); Jones, Perry L.; Zayas, Jose R.

    2005-12-01

    In support of the DOE Low Wind Speed Turbine (LWST) program two of the three Micon 65/13M wind turbines at the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) center in Bushland, Texas will be used to test two sets of experimental blades, the CX-100 and TX-100. The blade aerodynamic and structural characterization, meteorological inflow and wind turbine structural response will be monitored with an array of 75 instruments: 33 to characterize the blades, 15 to characterize the inflow, and 27 to characterize the time-varying state of the turbine. For both tests, data will be sampled at a rate of 30 Hz using the ATLAS II (Accurate GPS Time-Linked Data Acquisition System) data acquisition system. The system features a time-synchronized continuous data stream and telemetered data from the turbine rotor. This paper documents the instruments and infrastructure that have been developed to monitor these blades, turbines and inflow.

  6. Smolt Monitoring at the Head of Lower Granite Reservoir and Lower Granite Dam, 2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buettner, Edwin W.; Putnam, Scott A.

    2009-02-18

    This project monitored the daily passage of Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, steelhead trout O. mykiss, and sockeye salmon O. nerka smolts during the 2005 spring out-migration at migrant traps on the Snake River and Salmon River. In 2005 fish management agencies released significant numbers of hatchery Chinook salmon and steelhead trout above Lower Granite Dam that were not marked with a fin clip or coded-wire tag. Generally, the age-1 and older fish were distinguishable from wild fish by the occurrence of fin erosion. Age-0 Chinook salmon are more difficult to distinguish between wild and non-adclipped hatchery fish and therefore classified as unknown rearing. The total annual hatchery spring/summer Chinook salmon catch at the Snake River trap was 0.34 times greater in 2005 than in 2004. The wild spring/summer Chinook catch was 0.34 times less than the previous year. Hatchery steelhead trout catch was 0.67 times less than in 2004. Wild steelhead trout catch was 0.72 times less than the previous year. The Snake River trap collected 1,152 age-0 Chinook salmon of unknown rearing. During 2005, the Snake River trap captured 219 hatchery and 44 wild/natural sockeye salmon and 110 coho salmon O. kisutch of unknown rearing. Differences in trap catch between years are due to fluctuations not only in smolt production, but also differences in trap efficiency and duration of trap operation associated with flow. Trap operations began on March 6 and were terminated on June 3. The trap was out of operation for a total of one day due to heavy debris. FPC requested that the trap be restarted on June 15 through June 22 to collect and PIT tag age-0 Chinook salmon. Hatchery Chinook salmon catch at the Salmon River trap was 1.06 times greater and wild Chinook salmon catch was 1.26 times greater than in 2004. The hatchery steelhead trout collection in 2005 was 1.41 times greater and wild steelhead trout collection was 1.27 times greater than the previous year. Trap operations began on March 6 and were terminated on May 17 due to high flows. There were two days when the trap was taken out of service because of mechanical failure. Travel time (d) and migration rate (km/d) through Lower Granite Reservoir for passive integrated transponder (PIT) tagged Chinook salmon and steelhead trout marked at the Snake River trap were affected by discharge. Statistical analysis of 2005 data detected a relation between migration rate and discharge for hatchery Chinook but was unable to detect a relation for wild Chinook. The inability to detect a migration rate discharge relation for wild Chinook salmon was caused by a lack of data. For hatchery Chinook salmon there was a 1.8-fold increase in migration rate between 50 and 100 kcfs. For steelhead trout tagged at the Snake River trap, statistical analysis detected a significant relation between migration rate and lower Granite Reservoir inflow discharge. For hatchery and wild steelhead trout, there was a 2.2-fold and a 2.2-fold increase in migration rate, respectively, between 50 and 100 kcfs. Travel time and migration rate to Lower Granite Dam for fish marked at the Salmon River trap were calculated. Statistical analysis of the 2005 data detected a significant relation between migration rate and Lower Granite Reservoir inflow discharge for hatchery Chinook salmon, wild Chinook salmon, hatchery steelhead trout, and wild steelhead trout. Migration rate increased 4.2-fold for hatchery Chinook salmon, 2.9-fold for wild Chinook salmon and 2.5-fold for hatchery steelhead, and 1.7-fold for wild steelhead as discharge increased between 50 kcfs and 100 kcfs. Fish tagged with PIT tags at the Snake River and Salmon River traps were interrogated at four dams with PIT tag detection systems (Lower Granite, Little Goose, Lower Monumental and McNary dams). Because of the addition of the fourth interrogation site (Lower Monumental) in 1993 and the installation of the Removable Spillway Weir at Lower Granite Dam in 2001, caution must be used in comparing cumulative interrogation data. Cumulative interrogations at the fo

  7. File:USDA-CE-Production-GIFmaps-TX.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TX.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Texas Ethanol Plant Locations Size of this preview: 776 600 pixels. Full resolution (1,650 1,275 pixels,...

  8. TxDOT - Right of Way Forms webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Right of Way Forms webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: TxDOT - Right of Way Forms webpage Abstract This webpage provides the...

  9. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Egypt (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Egypt (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Egypt (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 2,947 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 04/29/2016 Next Release Date: 05/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Egypt

  10. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Turkey (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Turkey (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Turkey (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 3,145 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 04/29/2016 Next Release Date: 05/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Turkey

  11. Smolt Monitoring at the Head of Lower Granite Reservoir and Lower Granite Dam, 2002 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buettner, Edwin W.; Putnam, Scott A.

    2009-02-18

    This project monitored the daily passage of Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, steelhead trout O. mykiss, and sockeye salmon smolts O. nerka during the 2002 spring out-migration at migrant traps on the Snake River and Salmon River. In 2002 fish management agencies released significant numbers of hatchery Chinook salmon and steelhead trout above Lower Granite Dam that were not marked with a fin clip or coded-wire tag. Generally, these fish were distinguishable from wild fish by the occurrence of fin erosion. Total annual hatchery Chinook salmon catch at the Snake River trap was 11.4 times greater in 2002 than in 2001. The wild Chinook catch was 15.5 times greater than the previous year. Hatchery steelhead trout catch was 2.9 times greater than in 2001. Wild steelhead trout catch was 2.8 times greater than the previous year. The Snake River trap collected 3,996 age-0 Chinook salmon of unknown rearing. During 2002, the Snake River trap captured 69 hatchery and 235 wild/natural sockeye salmon and 114 hatchery coho salmon O. kisutch. Differences in trap catch between years are due to fluctuations not only in smolt production, but also differences in trap efficiency and duration of trap operation associated with flow. The significant increase in catch in 2002 was due to a 3.1 fold increase in hatchery Chinook production and a more normal spring runoff. Trap operations began on March 10 and were terminated on June 7. The trap was out of operation for a total of four days due to mechanical failure or debris. Hatchery Chinook salmon catch at the Salmon River trap was 4.2 times greater and wild Chinook salmon catch was 2.4 times greater than in 2001. The hatchery steelhead trout collection in 2002 was 81% of the 2001 numbers. Wild steelhead trout collection in 2002 was 81% of the previous year's catch. Trap operations began on March 10 and were terminated on May 29 due to high flows. The trap was out of operation for four days due to high flow or debris. The increase in hatchery Chinook catch in 2002 was due to a 3.1 fold increase in hatchery production and differences in flow between years. Changes in hatchery and wild steelhead catch are probably due to differences in flow between years. Travel time (d) and migration rate (km/d) through Lower Granite Reservoir for PIT-tagged Chinook salmon and steelhead trout marked at the Snake River trap were affected by discharge. Statistical analysis of 2002 data detected a relation between migration rate and discharge for hatchery and wild Chinook salmon. For hatchery and wild Chinook salmon there was a 4.7-fold and a 3.7-fold increase in migration rate, respectively, between 50 and 100 kcfs. For steelhead trout tagged at the Snake River trap, statistical analysis detected a significant relation between migration rate and Lower Granite Reservoir inflow discharge. For hatchery and wild steelhead trout, there was a 1.8-fold and a 1.7-fold increase in migration rate, respectively, between 50 and 100 kcfs. Travel time and migration rate to Lower Granite Dam for fish marked at the Salmon River trap were calculated. Statistical analysis of the 2002 data detected a significant relation between migration rate and Lower Granite Reservoir inflow discharge for wild Chinook salmon and hatchery steelhead trout. The analysis was unable to detect a relation between migration rate and discharge for hatchery Chinook salmon. The lack of a detectable relation was probably a result of the migration rate data being spread over a very narrow range of discharge. Not enough data were available to perform the analysis for wild steelhead trout. Migration rate increased 4.3-fold for wild Chinook salmon and 2.2-fold for hatchery steelhead between 50 kcfs and 100 kcfs. Fish tagged with passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags at the Snake River trap were interrogated at four dams with PIT tag detection systems (Lower Granite, Little Goose, Lower Monumental, and McNary dams). Because of the addition of the fourth interrogation site (Lower Monumental) in 1993 and the installation of the Removable Spillway Weir at

  12. Smolt Monitoring at the Head of Lower Granite Reservoir and Lower Granite Dam, 2004 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buettner, Edwin W.; Putnam, Scott A.

    2009-02-18

    This project monitored the daily passage of Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, steelhead trout O. mykiss, and sockeye salmon O. nerka smolts during the 2004 spring out-migration at migrant traps on the Snake River and Salmon River. In 2004 fish management agencies released significant numbers of hatchery Chinook salmon and steelhead trout above Lower Granite Dam that were not marked with a fin clip or coded-wire tag. Generally, these fish were distinguishable from wild fish by the occurrence of fin erosion. Total annual hatchery Chinook salmon catch at the Snake River trap was 1.1 times greater in 2004 than in 2003. The wild Chinook catch was 1.1 times greater than the previous year. Hatchery steelhead trout catch was 1.2 times greater than in 2003. Wild steelhead trout catch was 1.6 times greater than the previous year. The Snake River trap collected 978 age-0 Chinook salmon of unknown rearing. During 2004, the Snake River trap captured 23 hatchery and 18 wild/natural sockeye salmon and 60 coho salmon O. kisutch of unknown rearing. Differences in trap catch between years are due to fluctuations not only in smolt production, but also differences in trap efficiency and duration of trap operation associated with flow. Trap operations began on March 7 and were terminated on June 4. The trap was out of operation for a total of zero days due to mechanical failure or debris. Hatchery Chinook salmon catch at the Salmon River trap was 10.8% less and wild Chinook salmon catch was 19.0% less than in 2003. The hatchery steelhead trout collection in 2004 was 20.0% less and wild steelhead trout collection was 22.3% less than the previous year. Trap operations began on March 7 and were terminated on May 28 due to high flows. There were two days when the trap was taken out of service because wild Chinook catch was very low, hatchery Chinook catch was very high, and the weekly quota of PIT tagged hatchery Chinook had been met. Travel time (d) and migration rate (km/d) through Lower Granite Reservoir for PIT-tagged Chinook salmon and steelhead trout marked at the Snake River trap were affected by discharge. Statistical analysis of 2004 data detected a relation between migration rate and discharge for wild Chinook salmon but was unable to detect a relation for hatchery Chinook. The inability to detect a migration rate discharge relation for hatchery Chinook salmon was caused by age-0 fall Chinook being mixed in with the age 1 Chinook. Age-0 fall Chinook migrate much slower than age-1 Chinook, which would confuse the ability to detect the migration rate discharge relation. When several groups, which consisted of significant numbers of age-0 Chinook salmon, were removed from the analysis a relation was detected. For hatchery and wild Chinook salmon there was a 2.8-fold and a 2.4-fold increase in migration rate, respectively, between 50 and 100 kcfs. For steelhead trout tagged at the Snake River trap, statistical analysis detected a significant relation between migration rate and Lower Granite Reservoir inflow discharge. For hatchery and wild steelhead trout, there was a 2.3-fold and a 2.0-fold increase in migration rate, respectively, between 50 and 100 kcfs. Travel time and migration rate to Lower Granite Dam for fish marked at the Salmon River trap were calculated. Statistical analysis of the 2004 data detected a significant relation between migration rate and Lower Granite Reservoir inflow discharge for hatchery Chinook salmon, wild Chinook salmon and hatchery steelhead trout. Not enough data were available to perform the analysis for wild steelhead trout. Migration rate increased 7.0-fold for hatchery Chinook salmon, 4.7-fold for wild Chinook salmon and 3.8-fold for hatchery steelhead as discharge increased between 50 kcfs and 100 kcfs. Fish tagged with passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags at the Snake River and Salmon River traps were interrogated at four dams with PIT tag detection systems (Lower Granite, Little Goose, Lower Monumental, and McNary dams). Because of the addition of the fourth interrogation site (Lower Monume

  13. Midea Washing Appliance: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1903)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Midea Washing Appliances Mfg. Co., Ltd. failed to certify a variety of dishwashers as compliant with the applicable water and energy conservation standards.

  14. Interoffice Memorandum TO File Subject Granite City PRAR Data

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    : .' . .Y-" ._ ; / Bechfel / / Interoffice Memorandum TO File Subject Granite City PRAR Data Copies to M. Kaye B. Stanley J. Wood The fo$lowing data packages contain the post-remedial action sampling data, waste management data, and health and safety data that were reported in the Granite City PRAR. File No. Date Frolll Of At I UOLJU 7330 September 9, 1993 S. B. Hill FUSRAP E&T .' Oak Ridge Ext. 6-5211 D-15056 6-23-93 Direct and transferable contamination survey of betatron room with

  15. EA-1801: Granite Reliable Power Wind Park Project in Coos County...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    01: Granite Reliable Power Wind Park Project in Coos County, NH EA-1801: Granite Reliable Power Wind Park Project in Coos County, NH June 25, 2010 EA-1801: Final Environmental ...

  16. Smolt Monitoring at the Head of Lower Granite Reservoir and Lower Granite Dam, 2003 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buettner, Edwin W.; Putnam, Scott A.

    2009-02-18

    This project monitored the daily passage of Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, steelhead trout O. mykiss, and sockeye salmon O. nerka smolts during the 2003 spring out-migration at migrant traps on the Snake River and Salmon River. In 2003 fish management agencies released significant numbers of hatchery Chinook salmon and steelhead trout above Lower Granite Dam that were not marked with a fin clip or coded-wire tag. Generally, these fish were distinguishable from wild fish by the occurrence of fin erosion. Total annual hatchery Chinook salmon catch at the Snake River trap was 2.1 times less in 2003 than in 2002. The wild Chinook catch was 1.1 times less than the previous year. Hatchery steelhead trout catch was 1.7 times less than in 2002. Wild steelhead trout catch was 2.1 times less than the previous year. The Snake River trap collected 579 age-0 Chinook salmon of unknown rearing. During 2003, the Snake River trap captured five hatchery and 13 wild/natural sockeye salmon and 36 coho salmon O. kisutch of unknown rearing. Differences in trap catch between years are due to fluctuations not only in smolt production, but also differences in trap efficiency and duration of trap operation associated with flow. The significant differences in catch between 2003 and the previous year were due mainly to low flows during much of the trapping season and then very high flows at the end of the season, which terminated the trapping season 12 days earlier than in 2002. Trap operations began on March 9 and were terminated on May 27. The trap was out of operation for a total of zero days due to mechanical failure or debris. Hatchery Chinook salmon catch at the Salmon River trap was 16.8% less and wild Chinook salmon catch was 1.7 times greater than in 2002. The hatchery steelhead trout collection in 2003 was 5.6% less than in 2002. Wild steelhead trout collection was 19.2% less than the previous year. Trap operations began on March 9 and were terminated on May 24 due to high flows. There were zero days when the trap was out of operation due to high flow or debris. The decrease in hatchery Chinook catch in 2003 was partially due to differences in flow between years because there was a 5.9% increase in hatchery production in the Salmon River drainage in 2003. The decrease in hatchery steelhead catch may be partially due to a 13% decrease in hatchery production in the Salmon River drainage in 2003. Travel time (d) and migration rate (km/d) through Lower Granite Reservoir for PIT-tagged Chinook salmon and steelhead trout marked at the Snake River trap were affected by discharge. Statistical analysis of 2003 data detected a relation between migration rate and discharge for wild Chinook salmon but was unable to detect a relation for hatchery Chinook. The inability to detect a migration rate discharge relation for hatchery Chinook was probably caused by age 0 fall Chinook being mixed in with the age 1 Chinook. Age 0 fall Chinook migrate much slower than age 1 Chinook, which would confuse the ability to detect the migration rate discharge relation. For wild Chinook salmon there was a 1.4-fold increase in migration rate, respectively, between 50 and 100 kcfs. For steelhead trout tagged at the Snake River trap, statistical analysis detected a significant relation between migration rate and Lower Granite Reservoir inflow discharge. For hatchery and wild steelhead trout, there was a 1.7-fold and a 1.9-fold increase in migration rate, respectively, between 50 and 100 kcfs. Travel time and migration rate to Lower Granite Dam for fish marked at the Salmon River trap were calculated. Statistical analysis of the 2003 data detected a significant relation between migration rate and Lower Granite Reservoir inflow discharge for hatchery Chinook salmon, wild Chinook salmon and hatchery steelhead trout. Not enough data were available to perform the analysis for wild steelhead trout. Migration rate increased 14-fold for hatchery Chinook salmon, 8.3-fold for wild Chinook salmon and 2.4-fold for hatchery steelhead as discharge increased between 50 kcfs and

  17. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Granite City IL Site - IL 28

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Granite City IL Site - IL 28 FUSRAP Considered Sites Granite City, IL Alternate Name(s): Granite City Steel General Steel Industries General Steel Casings Corporation New Betatron Building IL.28-3 Location: 1417 State Street, Granite City, Illinois IL.28-3 Historical Operations: Under subcontract with Mallinckrodt and using a government-owned Betatron (magnetic induction electron accelerator), x-rayed natural uranium ingots and dingots to detect metallurgical flaws. Contamination from rubbing

  18. Technical bases DWPF Late Washing Facility. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fish, D.L.; Landon, L.F.

    1992-08-10

    A task force recommended that the technical feasibility of a ``Late Wash` facility be assessed [1]. In this facility, each batch of tetraphenylborate slurry from Tank 49 would be given a final wash to reduce the concentrations of nitrite and radiolysis products to acceptable levels. Laboratory-scale studies have demonstrated that d the nitrite content of the slurry fed to DWPF is reduced to 0.01 M or less (and at least a 4X reduction in concentration of the soluble species is attained), (1) the need for HAN during hydrolysis is eliminated (eliminating the production of ammonium ion during hydrolysis), (2) hydrolysis may be done with a catalyst concentration that will not exceed the copper solubility in glass and (3) the non-polar organic production during hydrolysis is significantly reduced. The first phase of an aggressive research and development program has been completed and all test results obtained to date support the technical feasibility of Late Washing. Paralleling this research and development effort is an aggressive design study directed by DWPF to scope and cost retrofitting the Auxiliary Pump Pit (APP) to enable performing a final wash of each batch of precipitate slurry before R is transferred into the DWPF Soft Processing Cell (SPC). An initial technical bases for the Late Wash Facility was transmitted to DWPF on June 15, 1992. Research and development activities are continuing directed principally at optimization of the cross-f low fitter decontamination methodology and pilot-scale validation of the recommended benzene stripping metodology.

  19. RCRA Assessment Plan for Single-Shell Tank Waste Management Area TX-TY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horton, Duane G.

    2007-03-26

    WMA TX-TY contains underground, single-shell tanks that were used to store liquid waste that contained chemicals and radionuclides. Most of the liquid has been removed, and the remaining waste is regulated under the RCRA as modified in 40 CFR Part 265, Subpart F and Washington States Hazardous Waste Management Act . WMA TX-TY was placed in assessment monitoring in 1993 because of elevated specific conductance. A groundwater quality assessment plan was written in 1993 describing the monitoring activities to be used in deciding whether WMA TX-TY had affected groundwater. That plan was updated in 2001 for continued RCRA groundwater quality assessment as required by 40 CFR 265.93 (d)(7). This document further updates the assessment plan for WMA TX-TY by including (1) information obtained from ten new wells installed at the WMA after 1999 and (2) information from routine quarterly groundwater monitoring during the last five years. Also, this plan describes activities for continuing the groundwater assessment at WMA TX TY.

  20. Wash-out in N{sub 2}-dominated leptogenesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hahn-Woernle, F.

    2010-08-01

    We study the wash-out of a cosmological baryon asymmetry produced via leptogenesis by subsequent interactions. Therefore we focus on a scenario in which a lepton asymmetry is established in the out-of-equilibrium decays of the next-to-lightest right-handed neutrino. We apply the full classical Boltzmann equations without the assumption of kinetic equilibrium and including all quantum statistical factors to calculate the wash-out of the lepton asymmetry by interactions of the lightest right-handed state. We include scattering processes with top quarks in our analysis. This is of particular interest since the wash-out is enhanced by scatterings and the use of mode equations with quantum statistical distribution functions. In this way we provide a restriction on the parameter space for this scenario.

  1. 100 Area soil washing bench-scale test procedures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freeman, H.D.; Gerber, M.A.; Mattigod, S.V.; Serne, R.J.

    1993-03-01

    This document describes methodologies and procedures for conducting soil washing treatability tests in accordance with the 100 Area Soil Washing Treatability Test Plan (DOE-RL 1992, Draft A). The objective of this treatability study is to evaluate the use of physical separation systems and chemical extraction methods as a means of separating chemically and radioactively contaminated soil fractions from uncontaminated soil fractions. These data will be primarily used for determining feasibility of the individual unit operations and defining the requirements for a system, or systems, for pilot-scale testing.

  2. Freeport, TX Exports to India Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Exports to India Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Exports to India Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 3,120 2,873 2012 3,004 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 04/29/2016 Next Release Date: 05/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas

  3. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    From Peru (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 3,175 3,338 3,262 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Peru

  4. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Norway (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Norway (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Norway (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 2,709 2,918 2015 5,992 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Norway

  5. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Yemen (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Yemen (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Yemen (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 2,869 3,108 2012 2,979 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Yemen

  6. Freeport, TX Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Nigeria (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 6.43 -- -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date:

  7. Freeport, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2014 2,703 2,994 2015 5,992 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Freeport, TX LNG Imports from All Countries

  8. Freeport, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Egypt (Million

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Egypt (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Egypt (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 2,969 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Egypt

  9. Freeport, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Other Countries

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Million Cubic Feet) Other Countries (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Other Countries (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2014 2,703 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Freeport, TX LNG Imports from

  10. Golden Pass, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (price) (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Golden Pass, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (price) (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Golden Pass, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (price) (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 7.90 5.36 -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next

  11. Lower granite GIS data description and collection guidelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, J.L.; Evans, B.J.; Perry, E.M.

    1995-12-01

    The Lower Granite Geographic Information System (GIS) was developed jointly by the US Army Corps of Engineers (USCOE) Walla Walla District and the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). The goal of the project is to use GIS technology to analyze impacts of the drawdown mitigation option on the physical and biological environment of the Lower Granite Reservoir. The drawdown mitigation option is based on the hypothesis that faster juvenile salmon travel to the ocean would result in higher juvenile survival and greater smolt-to-adult return ratios; to accomplish this, reservoir elevations would be lowered to increase channel velocities. Altering the elevation of the reservoirs on the Snake River is expected to have a variety of impacts to the Physical environment including changes to water velocity, temperature, dissolved gases, and turbidity. The GIS was developed to evaluate these changes and the resulting impacts on the anadromous and resident fish of the Snake River, as well as other aquatic organisms and terrestrial wildlife residing in the adjacent riparian areas. The Lower Granite GIS was developed using commercial hardware and software and is supported by a commercial relational database. Much of the initial system development involved collecting and incorporating data describing the river channel characteristics, hydrologic properties, and aquatic ecology. Potentially meaningful data for the Lower Granite GIS were identified and an extensive data search was performed. Data were obtained from scientists who are analyzing the habitats, limnology, and hydrology of the Snake River. The next six sections of this document describe the bathymetry, fish abundance, substrate, sediment chemistry, and channel hydrology data.

  12. Laboratory studies of radionuclide transport in fractured Climax granite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Failor, R.; Isherwood, D.; Raber, E.; Vandergraaf, T.

    1982-06-01

    This report documents our laboratory studies of radionuclide transport in fractured granite cores. To simulate natural conditions, our laboratory studies used naturally fractured cores and natural ground water from the Climax Granite Stock at the Nevada Test Site. For comparison, additional tests used artificially fractured granite cores or distilled water. Relative to the flow of tritiated water, {sup 85}Sr and /sup 95m/Tc showed little or no retardation, whereas {sup 137}Cs was retarded. After the transport runs the cores retained varying amounts of the injected radionuclides along the fracture. Autoradiography revealed some correlation between sorption and the fracture fill material. Strontium and cesium retention increased when the change was made from natural ground water to distilled water. Artificial fractures retained less {sup 137}Cs than most natural fractures. Estimated fracture apertures from 18 to 60 {mu}m and hydraulic conductivities from 1.7 to 26 x 10{sup -3} m/s were calculated from the core measurements.

  13. Soil washing: A preliminary assessment of its applicability to Hanford

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerber, M A; Freeman, H D; Baker, E G; Riemath, W F

    1991-09-01

    Soil washing is being considered for treating soils at the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Hanford Site. As a result of over 50 years of operations to produce plutonium for the US Department of Defense and research for DOE, soils in areas within the Site are contaminated with hazardous wastes and radionuclides. In the soil washing process, contaminated soil is mixed with a liquid and then physically and/or chemically treated to dissolve the contaminants into solution and/or concentrate them in a small fraction of the soil. The purpose of this procedure is to separate the contaminants from the bulk of the soil. The key to successful application is to match the types of contaminants and soil characteristics with physical-chemical methods that perform well under the existing conditions. The applicability of soil washing to Hanford Site contaminated soils must take into account both the characteristics of the oil and the type of contamination. Hanford soils typically contain up to 90% sand, gravel, and cobbles, which generally are favorable characteristics for soil washing. For example, in soil samples from the north pond in the 300 Area, 80% to 90% of the soil particles were larger than 250 {mu}m. The principal contaminants in the soil are radionuclides, heavy metals, and nitrate and sulfate salts. For most of the sites, organic contaminants are either not present or are found in very low concentration. 28 refs., 5 figs., 10 tabs.

  14. Radioactive demonstration of the late wash'' Precipitate Hydrolysis Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bibler, N.E.; Ferrara, D.M.; Ha, B.C.

    1992-06-30

    This report presents results of the radioactive demonstration of the DWPF Precipitate Hydrolysis Process as it would occur in the late wash'' flowsheet in the absence of hydroxylamine nitrate. Radioactive precipitate containing Cs-137 from the April, 1983, in-tank precipitation demonstration in Tank 48 was used for these tests.

  15. Radioactive demonstration of the ``late wash`` Precipitate Hydrolysis Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bibler, N.E.; Ferrara, D.M.; Ha, B.C.

    1992-06-30

    This report presents results of the radioactive demonstration of the DWPF Precipitate Hydrolysis Process as it would occur in the ``late wash`` flowsheet in the absence of hydroxylamine nitrate. Radioactive precipitate containing Cs-137 from the April, 1983, in-tank precipitation demonstration in Tank 48 was used for these tests.

  16. McAllen, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Million Cubic Feet) McAllen, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4,414 4,236 5,595 6,174 4,938 ...

  17. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: M Street Homes, Houston, TX

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready home in Houston, TX, that achieves a HERS 45 without PV or HERS 32 with 1.2 kW PV. The three-story, 4,507-ft2 custom home is powered by a unique tri-generation...

  18. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Sterling Brook Custom Homes, Double Oak, TX

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready home in Double Oak, TX, north of Dallas, that scored a HERS 44 without PV. The 3,752-ft2 two-story home served as an energy-efficient model home for the custom...

  19. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Wash-Rite Co - IN 08

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    the Wash-Rite Company from FUSRAP; January 31, 1991 IN.08-4 - DOE Letter; Wagoner to Goldsmith; Elimination of the Wash-Rite Co. Site from Further FUSRAP Consideration; December...

  20. Apparatus for washing particulate material. [Removal of silicone oil from microspheres by trichloroethylene

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rivera, A.L.; Fowler, V.L.; Justice, G.V.

    1983-12-29

    Transport of nuclear fuel microspheres through a wash liquid is facilitated by feeding a slurry containing the microspheres into the wash liquid via a column having a vibrating tubular screen located under its lower end.

  1. COMPILATION OF LABORATORY SCALE ALUMINUM WASH AND LEACH REPORT RESULTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HARRINGTON SJ

    2011-01-06

    This report compiles and analyzes all known wash and caustic leach laboratory studies. As further data is produced, this report will be updated. Included are aluminum mineralogical analysis results as well as a summation of the wash and leach procedures and results. Of the 177 underground storage tanks at Hanford, information was only available for five individual double-shell tanks, forty-one individual single-shell tanks (e.g. thirty-nine 100 series and two 200 series tanks), and twelve grouped tank wastes. Seven of the individual single-shell tank studies provided data for the percent of aluminum removal as a function of time for various caustic concentrations and leaching temperatures. It was determined that in most cases increased leaching temperature, caustic concentration, and leaching time leads to increased dissolution of leachable aluminum solids.

  2. El Paso, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Million Cubic Feet) El Paso, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 996 NA 2000's NA NA NA - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S.

  3. Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Million Cubic Feet) Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 253 40 NA 2000's NA NA NA - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S.

  4. Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Training Center CONTACTS Traci Rodosta Carbon Storage Technology Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road PO Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507 304-285-1345 traci.rodosta@netl.doe.gov Andrea Dunn Project Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236 412-386-7594 andrea.dunn@netl.doe.gov Hilary Olson Project Director/Principal Investigator University of Texas at Austin 1 University Station, C0300 Austin, TX

  5. Initial technical basis for late washing filter cleaning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morrissey, M.F.; Dworjanyn, L.O.

    1992-07-23

    Bench scale filter cleaning tests at the Savannah River Technology Center have shown that cross-flow filter elements can be cleaned between late wash filtration runs and restored to original clean water flux conditions. The most effective cleaning technique was high flow axial recirculation, followed by flushing with caustic solution. Simple flushing with oxalic acid and caustic is less effective and is not recommended because of adverse experience in ITP filter cleaning and uncertainty in the.nature of radiolysis by-product contaminants.

  6. Alternative washing strategy during in-tank precipitation processing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, D.D.; Hobbs, D.T.

    1992-10-30

    If late washing of precipitate is available, it is possible to modify the normal washing phase of the ITP process so that tank corrosion is prevented by inhibiting with sodium hydroxide rather than sodium nitrite. Hydroxide inhibition has numerous advantages to a hydroxide/nitrite flowsheet.1 However, the rate of hydroxide depletion due to radiolysis and C0{sub 2} absorption were uncertainties. Based on recent experiments and calculations: hydroxide consumption by radiolysis will be 0.01 molar per month during Tank 49 storage, hydroxide depletion due to C0{sub 2} absorption will vary from 0.0006 to 0.025 molar per month for waste volumes between 50,000 and 1 million gallons and air flowrates between 100 and 200 cfm. A nominal rate of 0.006 molar/month (or less) is expected in Tank 49 after the first two ITP cycles have been completed. A material balance for the ITP process based on hydroxide inhibition has been calculated and the potential savings have been estimated.

  7. Alternative washing strategy during in-tank precipitation processing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, D.D.; Hobbs, D.T.

    1992-10-30

    If late washing of precipitate is available, it is possible to modify the normal washing phase of the ITP process so that tank corrosion is prevented by inhibiting with sodium hydroxide rather than sodium nitrite. Hydroxide inhibition has numerous advantages to a hydroxide/nitrite flowsheet.1 However, the rate of hydroxide depletion due to radiolysis and C0[sub 2] absorption were uncertainties. Based on recent experiments and calculations: hydroxide consumption by radiolysis will be 0.01 molar per month during Tank 49 storage, hydroxide depletion due to C0[sub 2] absorption will vary from 0.0006 to 0.025 molar per month for waste volumes between 50,000 and 1 million gallons and air flowrates between 100 and 200 cfm. A nominal rate of 0.006 molar/month (or less) is expected in Tank 49 after the first two ITP cycles have been completed. A material balance for the ITP process based on hydroxide inhibition has been calculated and the potential savings have been estimated.

  8. Hydrolysis of late-washed, irradiated tetraphenylborate slurry simulants I: Phenylboric acid hydrolysis kinetics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marek, J.C.

    2000-02-10

    The attached report details the kinetics of phenylboric acid reaction at 90 degrees C during precipitate hydrolysis processing of late-washed, irradiated tetraphenylborate slurry simulants.

  9. Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843-3366

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MS #3366 Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843-3366 Ph: 979-845-1411 Fax: 979-458-3213 Beam Time Request Form In order to be scheduled you must fill in and return this form by FAX (979-458-3213) or email to Henry Clark (clark@comp.tamu.edu) TO SCHEDULE CYCLOTRON TIME: Please indicate in the appropriate spaces below the number of 8 hour shifts you need, your preferred start date and the beams you intend to use. Since we cannot always schedule your preferred start date, please also

  10. El Paso, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) El Paso, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2.09 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of

  11. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 2,581 2012 2,601 2,644 2,897 2014 2,664 2015 2,805 2,728 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 04/29/2016 Next Release Date: 05/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S.

  12. Freeport, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Trinidad and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Tobago (Million Cubic Feet) Trinidad and Tobago (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Trinidad and Tobago (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 2,706 2012 2,872 2014 2,994 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of

  13. Golden Pass, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Qatar

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Million Cubic Feet) from Qatar (Million Cubic Feet) Golden Pass, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Qatar (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 3,902 4,896 4,100 18,487 4,900 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S.

  14. Hidalgo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Million Cubic Feet) Hidalgo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 13,609 17,243 13,496 41,879 2000's 2,093 7,292 782 0 0 1,342 967 5,259 1,201 284 2010's 62 0 0 0 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S.

  15. Price Liquefied Freeport, TX Natural Gas Exports Price to United Kingdom

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) United Kingdom (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price Liquefied Freeport, TX Natural Gas Exports Price to United Kingdom (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 7.56 -- -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 04/29/2016 Next Release Date: 05/31/2016 Referring

  16. McAllen, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Million Cubic Feet) McAllen, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA NA 2000's 1,118 NA 402 0 0 5,322 7,902 26,605 20,115 12,535 2010's 2,520 0 0 0 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S.

  17. Alamo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Million Cubic Feet) Alamo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA 12,651 2000's 8,390 2,984 571 0 0 2,656 3,880 22,197 20,653 13,279 2010's 4,685 0 0 0 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S.

  18. Albany, OR * Archorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Archorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX Website: www.netl.doe.gov Customer Service: 1-800-553-7681 R& D FAC T S Geological & Environmental Sciences CONTACTS OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Kelly Rose Principal Investigator Research Physical Scientist 541-967-5883 kelly.rose@netl.doe.gov Jennifer Bauer Geospatial Researcher 541-918-4507 jennifer.bauer@contr.netl.doe.gov Cynthia Powell Acting Focus Area Lead 541-967-5803 cynthia.powell@netl.doe.gov RESEARCH

  19. Quantum states of neutrons in the gravitational and centrifugal potentials in a new GRANIT spectrometer

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    We will discuss the scientific program to be studied in a new gravitational spectrometer GRANIT in a broad context of quantum states (quantum behaviour) of ultracold neutrons (UCN) in gravitational [1] and centrifugal [2] potentials, as well as applications of these phenomena/spectrometer to various domains of physics, ranging from studies of fundamental short-range interactions and symmetries to neutron quantum optics and reflectometry using UCN. All these topics, as well as related instrumental and methodical developments have been discussed during dedicated GRANIT-2010 Workshop [3]. The GRANIT spectrometer has been recently installed at the Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble, France [4] and could become operational in near future. 1. V.V. Nesvizhevsky et al (2002), Nature 415, 297. 2. V.V. Nesvizhevsky et al (2010), Nature Physics 6, 114. 3. GRANIT-2010, Les Houches, 14-19 february 2010. 4. M. Kreuz et al (2009), NIM 611, 326.

  20. Laboratory simulation of binary and triple well EGS in large granite blocks

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    using AE events for drilling guidance (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Laboratory simulation of binary and triple well EGS in large granite blocks using AE events for drilling guidance Citation Details In-Document Search This content will become publicly available on May 2, 2017 Title: Laboratory simulation of binary and triple well EGS in large granite blocks using AE events for drilling guidance Authors: Frash, Luke P. ; Gutierrez, Marte ; Hampton, Jesse ; Hood, John Publication Date:

  1. Investigation of Naturally Occurring Radio Nuclides in Shir-kuh Granites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mazarei, Mohammad Mehdi; Zarei, Mojtaba

    2011-12-26

    One of the principle natural radiation resources is Granite which can be dangerous for human because of its radiations. Based on this fact, in this research we attempt to specify the activity amount of these natural radio nuclides, existing in Shir-kuh Granite of Yazd state. To specify the activity amount of this natural radio nuclides, it has been applied the measurement method of Gamma spectroscopy using high purity Germanium (HPGe) detector.

  2. Cost-effectiveness analysis of TxDOT LPG fleet conversion. Volume 1. Interim research report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Euritt, M.A.; Taylor, D.B.; Mahmassani, H.

    1992-10-01

    Increased emphasis on energy efficiency and air quality has resulted in a number of state and federal initiatives examining the use of alternative fuels for motor vehicles. Texas' program for alternate fuels includes liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Based on an analysis of 30-year life-cycle costs, development of a propane vehicle program for the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) would cost about $24.3 million (in 1991 dollars). These costs include savings from lower-priced LPG and differentials between propane and gasoline/diesel in infrastructure costs for a fueling station, vehicle costs, and operating costs. The 30-year life-cycle costs translate into an average annual vehicle cost increase of $308, or about 2.5 cents more per vehicle mile of travel. Sensitivity analyses are performed on the discount rate, price of propane, maintenance savings, vehicle utilization, diesel vehicles, extended vehicle life, original equipment manufacturer (OEM) vehicles, and operating and infrastructure costs. The best results are obtained when not converting diesel vehicles, converting only large fleets, and extending the period the vehicle is kept in service. Combining these factors yields results that are most cost-effective for TxDOT. This is volume one of two volumes.

  3. Cost-effectiveness analysis of TxDOT LPG fleet conversion. Volume 2. Interim research report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Euritt, M.A.; Taylor, D.B.; Mahmassani, H.

    1992-11-01

    Increased emphasis on energy efficiency and air quality has resulted in a number of state and federal initiatives examining the use of alternative fuels for motor vehicles. Texas' program for alternate fuels includes liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), commonly called propane. Based on an analysis of 30-year life-cycle costs, development of a propane vehicle program for the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) would cost about $24.3 million (in 1991 dollars). These costs include savings from lower-priced propane and differentials between propane and gasoline/diesel in infrastructure costs, vehicle costs, and operating costs. The 30-year life-cycle costs translate into an average annual vehicle cost increase of $308, or about 2.5 cents more per vehicle mile of travel. Based on the cost-effectiveness analysis and assumptions, there are currently no TxDOT locations that can be converted to propane without additional financial outlays. This is volume two of two volumes.

  4. Mobility of heavy metals through granitic soils using mini column infiltration test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zarime, Nur 'Aishah; Yaacob, W. Z.W.

    2014-09-03

    This study is about the mobility of cadmium through compacted granitic soils. Two granitic soils namely the Broga (BGR) and Kajang (KGR) granitic soils were collected in Selangor, Malaysia. Physical and chemical tests were applied for both granitic soils to determine the physical and chemical properties of soil materials. Physical test results shows granitic soils (BGR and KGR) have high percentage of sand ranging between 54%–63% and 46%–54% respectively, an intermediate and intermediate to high plasticity index as well as high specific gravity ie; 2.50–2.59 and 2.45–2.66 respectively. For chemical test, granitic soils shows acidic pH values ranged from 5.35–5.85 for BGR and pH 5.32–5.54 for KGR. For organic matter, SSA and CEC test, it shows low values ranged from 0.22%–0.34% and 0.39%– 0.50% respectively for organic matter test, 17.96 m{sup 2}/g–21.93 m{sup 2}/g and 25.76 m{sup 2}/g–26.83 m{sup 2}/g respectively for SSA test and 0.79 meq/100g–1.35 meq/100g and 1.31 meq/100g–1.35 meq/100g respectively for CEC test. Mini column infiltration test was conducted to determine the retention of cadmium while flowing through granite soils. This test conducted based on the falling head permeability concepts. Different G-force ranging from 231G to 1442G was used in this test. The breakthrough curves show the concentration of Cd becomes higher with the increasing of G-force for both granitic samples (BGR and KGR). The selectivity sorption for both granites ranked in the following decreasing order of; 231G>519G>923G>1442G. Results demonstrated that granitic soils also have low buffering capacity due to low resist of pH changes.

  5. Washing of Rocky Flats Combustible Residues (Conducted March - May 1995)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mary E. Barr; Ann R. Schake; David A. Romero; Gordon D. Jarvinen

    1999-03-01

    The scope of this project is to determine the feasibility of washing plutonium-containing combustible residues using ultrasonic disruption as a method for dislodging particulate. Removal of plutonium particulate and, to a lesser extent, solubilized plutonium from the organic substrate should substantially reduce potential fire, explosion or radioactive release hazards due to radiolytic hydrogen generation or high flammability. Tests were conducted on polypropylene filters which were used as pre-filters in the rich-residue ion-exchange process at the Los Alamos Plutonium Facility. These filters are similar to the Ful-Flo{reg_sign} cartridges used at Rocky Flats that make up a substantial fraction of the combustible residues with the highest hazard rating. Batch experiments were run on crushed filter material in order to determine the amount of Pu removed by stirring, stirring and sonication, and stirring and sonication with the introduction of Pu-chelating water-soluble polymers or surfactants. Significantly more Pu is removed using sonication and sonication with chelators than is removed with mechanical stirring alone.

  6. Granite disposal of U.S. high-level radioactive waste.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freeze, Geoffrey A.; Mariner, Paul E.; Lee, Joon H.; Hardin, Ernest L.; Goldstein, Barry; Hansen, Francis D.; Price, Ronald H.; Lord, Anna Snider

    2011-08-01

    This report evaluates the feasibility of disposing U.S. high-level radioactive waste in granite several hundred meters below the surface of the earth. The U.S. has many granite formations with positive attributes for permanent disposal. Similar crystalline formations have been extensively studied by international programs, two of which, in Sweden and Finland, are the host rocks of submitted or imminent repository license applications. This report is enabled by the advanced work of the international community to establish functional and operational requirements for disposal of a range of waste forms in granite media. In this report we develop scoping performance analyses, based on the applicable features, events, and processes (FEPs) identified by international investigators, to support generic conclusions regarding post-closure safety. Unlike the safety analyses for disposal in salt, shale/clay, or deep boreholes, the safety analysis for a mined granite repository depends largely on waste package preservation. In crystalline rock, waste packages are preserved by the high mechanical stability of the excavations, the diffusive barrier of the buffer, and favorable chemical conditions. The buffer is preserved by low groundwater fluxes, favorable chemical conditions, backfill, and the rigid confines of the host rock. An added advantage of a mined granite repository is that waste packages would be fairly easy to retrieve, should retrievability be an important objective. The results of the safety analyses performed in this study are consistent with the results of comprehensive safety assessments performed for sites in Sweden, Finland, and Canada. They indicate that a granite repository would satisfy established safety criteria and suggest that a small number of FEPs would largely control the release and transport of radionuclides. In the event the U.S. decides to pursue a potential repository in granite, a detailed evaluation of these FEPs would be needed to inform site selection and safety assessment.

  7. EIS-0412: Federal Loan Guarantee to Support Construction of the TX Energy LLC, Industrial Gasification Facility near Beaumont, Texas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy is assessing the potential environmental impacts for its proposed action of issuing a Federal loan guarantee to TX Energy, LLC (TXE). TXE submitted an application to DOE under the Federal loan guarantee program pursuant to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005) to support construction of the TXE industrial Gasification Facility near Beaumont, Texas.

  8. RCRA Assessment Plan for Single-Shell Tank Waste Management Area TX-TY at the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodges, Floyd N.; Chou, Charissa J.

    2001-02-23

    A groundwater quality assessment plan was prepared to investigate the rate and extent of aquifer contamination beneath Waste Management Area TX-TY on the Hanford Site in Washington State. This plan is an update of a draft plan issued in February 1999, which guided work performed in fiscal year 2000.

  9. Multivariate Statistical Analysis of Water Chemistry in Evaluating the Origin of Contamination in Many Devils Wash, Shiprock, New Mexico

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Multivariate Statistical Analysis of Water Chemistry in Evaluating the Origin of Contamination in Many Devils Wash, Shiprock, New Mexico

  10. EBR-II Primary Tank Wash-Water Alternatives Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Demmer, R. L.; Heintzelman, J. B.; Merservey, R. H.; Squires, L. N.

    2008-05-01

    The EBR-II reactor at Idaho National Laboratory was a liquid sodium metal cooled reactor that operated for 30 years. It was shut down in 1994; the fuel was removed by 1996; and the bulk of sodium metal coolant was removed from the reactor by 2001. Approximately 1100 kg of residual sodium remained in the primary system after draining the bulk sodium. To stabilize the remaining sodium, both the primary and secondary systems were treated with a purge of moist carbon dioxide. Most of the residual sodium reacted with the carbon dioxide and water vapor to form a passivation layer of primarily sodium bicarbonate. The passivation treatment was stopped in 2005 and the primary system is maintained under a blanket of dry carbon dioxide. Approximately 670 kg of sodium metal remains in the primary system in locations that were inaccessible to passivation treatment or in pools of sodium that were too deep for complete penetration of the passivation treatment. The EBR-II reactor was permitted by the Idaho Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) in 2002 under a RCRA permit that requires removal of all remaining sodium in the primary and secondary systems by 2022. The proposed baseline closure method would remove the large components from the primary tank, fill the primary system with water, react the remaining sodium with the water and dissolve the reaction products in the wash water. This method would generate a minimum of 100,000 gallons of caustic, liquid, low level radioactive, hazardous waste water that must be disposed of in a permitted facility. On February 19-20, 2008, a workshop was held in Idaho Falls, Idaho, to look at alternatives that could meet the RCRA permit clean closure requirements and minimize the quantity of hazardous waste generated by the cleanup process. The workshop convened a panel of national and international sodium cleanup specialists, subject matter experts from the INL, and the EBR-II Wash Water Project team that organized the workshop. The workshop was conducted by a trained facilitator using Value Engineering techniques to elicit the most technically sound solutions from the workshop participants. The path forward includes developing the OBA into a well engineered solution for achieving RCRA clean closure of the EBR-II Primary Reactor Tank system. Several high level tasks are also part of the path forward such as reassigning responsibility of the cleanup project to a dedicated project team that is funded by the DOE Office of Environmental Management, and making it a priority so that adequate funding is available to complete the project. Based on the experience of the sodium cleanup specialists, negotiations with the DEQ will be necessary to determine a risk-based de minimus quantity for acceptable amount of sodium that can be left in the reactor systems after cleanup has been completed.

  11. Hidalgo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Hidalgo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2.26 2.31 2.03 2.09 2000's 5.85 4.61 2.26 -- -- 8.10 5.53 6.23 5.55 4.40 2010's 4.21 -- -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016

  12. Alternatives to traditional water washing used to remove impurities in superheated geothermal steam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisher, D.W.; Jung, D.B. [Two-Phase Engineering & Research, Inc., Santa Rosa, CA (United States)

    1996-12-31

    The method of water washing impurities from superheated geothermal steam as adopted from traditional steam boiler operations in electric power generation stations has been used for a decade and a half under several pseudonyms, e.g., de-superheating, enthalpy modification, de-scaling, etc. Water washing can be effective, but it is costly. It is not necessarily expensive to implement or operate, but the cost of unrecoverable energy lost due to steam enthalpy reduction can be quite high. Are there other ways to remove these undesirables from superheated geothermal steam? That question is the focus of this paper. Several alternatives to water washing will be proposed including dry scrubbing, oil washing, and hybrid cleaning. A discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of each method will be presented along with the various geothermal steam impurities and their effects on the process and equipment.

  13. Characterization of the SRNL-Washed tank 51 sludge batch 9 qualification sample

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pareizs, J. M.

    2016-01-01

    Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) personnel have been requested to qualify the next sludge batch (Sludge Batch 9 – SB9) for processing at the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). To accomplish this task, Savannah River Remediation (SRR) sent SRNL a 3-L sample of Tank 51H slurry to be characterized, washed, and then used in a lab-scale demonstration of the DWPF flowsheet (after combining with Tank 40H sludge). SRNL has washed the Tank 51H sample per the Tank Farm washing strategy as of October 20, 2015. A part of the qualification process is extensive radionuclide and chemical characterization of the SRNL-washed Tank 51H slurry. This report documents the chemical characterization of the washed slurry; radiological characterization is in progress and will be documented in a separate report. The analytical results of this characterization are comparable to the Tank Farm projections. Therefore, it is recommended that SRNL use this washed slurry for the ongoing SB9 qualification activities.

  14. Chemical migration by contact metamorphism between granite and silt/carbonate system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laul, J.C.; Papike, J.J.

    1981-01-01

    Comparison of trace element signatures between the metamorphosed and unmetamorphosed samples from granite-silt/carbonate system suggests that some elements do migrate during contact metamorphism. The relative degree of migration varies depending on the element. The evidence of chemical migration in silt and carbonate is convincing on a several-meter scale.

  15. Hydrothermally altered and fractured granite as an HDR reservoir in the EPS-1 borehole, Alsace,

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Genter, A.; Traineau, H.

    1992-01-01

    As part of the European Hot Dry Rocks Project, a second exploration borehole, EPS-1, has been cored to a depth of 2227 m at Soultz-sous-Forets (France). The target was a granite beginning at 1417 m depth, overlain by post-Paleozoic sedimentary cover. Structural analysis and petrographic examination of the 800-m porphyritic granite core, have shown that this rock has undergone several periods of hydrothermal alteration and fracturing. More than 3000 natural structures were recorded, whose distribution pattern shows clusters where low-density fracture zones (less than 1 per meter) alternate with zones of high fracture density (more than 20 per meter). Vein alteration, ascribed to paleohydrothermal systems, developed within the hydrothermally altered and highly fractured zones, transforming primary biotite and plagioclase into clay minerals. One of these zones at 2.2 km depth produced a hot-water outflow during coring, indicating the existence of a hydrothermal reservoir. Its permeability is provided by the fracture network and by secondary porosity of the granitic matrix resulting from vein alteration. This dual porosity in the HDR granite reservoir must be taken into account in the design of the heat exchanger, both for modeling the water-rock interactions and for hydraulic testing.

  16. Reservoir fracture mapping using microearthquakes: Austin chalk, Giddings field, TX and 76 field, Clinton Co., KY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, W.S.; Rutledge, J.T.; Gardner, T.L.; Fairbanks, T.D.; Miller, M.E.; Schuessler, B.K.

    1996-11-01

    Patterns of microearthquakes detected downhole defined fracture orientation and extent in the Austin chalk, Giddings field, TX and the 76 field, Clinton Co., KY. We collected over 480 and 770 microearthquakes during hydraulic stimulation at two sites in the Austin chalk, and over 3200 during primary production in Clinton Co. Data were of high enough quality that 20%, 31% and 53% of the events could be located, respectively. Reflected waves constrained microearthquakes to the stimulated depths at the base of the Austin chalk. In plan view, microearthquakes defined elongate fracture zones extending from the stimulation wells parallel to the regional fracture trend. However, widths of the stimulated zones differed by a factor of five between the two Austin chalk sites, indicating a large difference in the population of ancillary fractures. Post-stimulation production was much higher from the wider zone. At Clinton Co., microearthquakes defined low-angle, reverse-fault fracture zones above and below a producing zone. Associations with depleted production intervals indicated the mapped fractures had been previously drained. Drilling showed that the fractures currently contain brine. The seismic behavior was consistent with poroelastic models that predicted slight increases in compressive stress above and below the drained volume.

  17. Nanoscale elastic changes in 2D Ti3C2Tx (MXene) pseudocapacitive electrodes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Come, Jeremy; Xie, Yu; Naguib, Michael; Jesse, Stephen; Kalinin, Sergei V.; Gogotsi, Yury; Kent, Paul R. C.; Balke, Nina

    2016-02-01

    Designing sustainable electrodes for next generation energy storage devices relies on the understanding of their fundamental properties at the nanoscale, including the comprehension of ions insertion into the electrode and their interactions with the active material. One consequence of ion storage is the change in the electrode volume resulting in mechanical strain and stress that can strongly affect the cycle life. Therefore, it is important to understand the changes of dimensions and mechanical properties occurring during electrochemical reactions. While the characterization of mechanical properties via macroscopic measurements is well documented, in-situ characterization of their evolution has never been achieved atmore » the nanoscale. Two dimensional (2D) carbides, known as MXenes, are promising materials for supercapacitors and various kinds of batteries, and understating the coupling between their mechanical and electrochemical properties is therefore necessary. Here we report on in-situ imaging, combined with density functional theory of the elastic changes, of a 2D titanium carbide (Ti3C2Tx) electrode in direction normal to the basal plane during cation intercalation. The results show a strong correlation between the Li+ ions content and the elastic modulus, whereas little effects of K+ ions are observed. Moreover, this strategy enables identifying the preferential intercalation pathways within a single particle.« less

  18. SURFACE GEOPHYSICAL EXPLORATION OF TX-TY TANK FARMS AT THE HANFORD SITE RESULTS OF BACKGROUND CHARACTERIZATION WITH GROUND PENETRATING RADAR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MYERS DA; CUBBAGE R; BRAUCHLA R; O'BRIEN G

    2008-07-24

    Ground penetrating radar surveys of the TX and TY tank farms were performed to identify existing infrastructure in the near surface environment. These surveys were designed to provide background information supporting Surface-to-Surface and Well-to-Well resistivity surveys of Waste Management Area TX-TY. The objective of the preliminary investigation was to collect background characterization information with GPR to understand the spatial distribution of metallic objects that could potentially interfere with the results from high resolution resistivity{trademark} surveys. The results of the background characterization confirm the existence of documented infrastructure, as well as highlight locations of possible additional undocumented subsurface metallic objects.

  19. SLUDGE BATCH 7 (SB7) WASHING DEMONSTRATION TO DETERMINE SULFATE/OXALATE REMOVAL EFFICIENCY AND SETTLING BEHAVIOR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reboul, S.; Click, D.; Lambert, D.

    2010-12-10

    To support Sludge Batch 7 (SB7) washing, a demonstration of the proposed Tank Farm washing operation was performed utilizing a real-waste test slurry generated from Tank 4, 7, and 12 samples. The purpose of the demonstration was twofold: (1) to determine the settling time requirements and washing strategy needed to bring the SB7 slurry to the desired endpoint; and (2) to determine the impact of washing on the chemical and physical characteristics of the sludge, particularly those of sulfur content, oxalate content, and rheology. Seven wash cycles were conducted over a four month period to reduce the supernatant sodium concentration to approximately one molar. The long washing duration was due to the slow settling of the sludge and the limited compaction. Approximately 90% of the sulfur was removed through washing, and the vast majority of the sulfur was determined to be soluble from the start. In contrast, only about half of the oxalate was removed through washing, as most of the oxalate was initially insoluble and did not partition to the liquid phase until the latter washes. The final sulfur concentration was 0.45 wt% of the total solids, and the final oxalate concentration was 9,900 mg/kg slurry. More oxalate could have been removed through additional washing, although the washing would have reduced the supernatant sodium concentration.The yield stress of the final washed sludge (35 Pa) was an order of magnitude higher than that of the unwashed sludge ({approx}4 Pa) and was deemed potentially problematic. The high yield stress was related to the significant increase in insoluble solids that occurred ({approx}8 wt% to {approx}18 wt%) as soluble solids and water were removed from the slurry. Reduction of the insoluble solids concentration to {approx}14 wt% was needed to reduce the yield stress to an acceptable level. However, depending on the manner that the insoluble solids adjustment was performed, the final sodium concentration and extent of oxalate removal would be prone to change. As such, the strategy for completing the final wash cycle is integral to maintaining the proper balance of chemical and physical requirements.

  20. Investigating Solutions to Wind Washing Issues in Two-Story Florida Homes, Phase 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Withers, C.; Kono, J.

    2015-04-01

    This report provides results from a second-phase research study of a phenomenon generally referred to as wind washing. Wind washing is the movement of unconditioned air around or through building thermal barriers in such a way as to diminish or nullify the intended thermal performance. In some cases, thermal and air barriers are installed very poorly or not at all, and air can readily move from unconditioned attic spaces into quasi-conditioned interstitial spaces. This study focused on the impact of poorly sealed and insulated floor cavities adjacent to attic spaces in Florida homes. In these cases, unconditioned attic air can be transferred into floor cavities through pathways driven by natural factors such as wind, or by thermal differences between the floor cavity and the attic. Air can also be driven into a floor cavity through mechanical forces imposed by return duct leakage in the floor cavity.

  1. Smolt Condition and Timing of Arrival at Lower Granite Reservoir, 1984 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scully, Richard J.; Buettner, Edwin W.

    1986-02-01

    Hatcheries released 9.3 million chinook salmon and 6.3 million steelhead smolts and presmolts upriver from Lower Granite Reservoir for migration in spring, 1984. Peak passage of yearling chinook salmon occurred the third week in April at both Whitebird and Snake River traps. Passage of steelhead was still increasing when high water stopped trapping in mid-May. Average migration rate between release sites and Snake River (the head of Lower Granite Reservoir) was 13.2 miles/day and from that point on through the reservoir to the dam, 1.9 miles/day. Salmon River discharge, when considered along with other environmental factors, had the greatest effect on migration rate of smolts branded both at hatcheries and at the Whitebird trap and migrating to the head of Lower Granite Reservoir. Migration rate for steelhead released from Dworshak Hatchery and recaptured at the Clearwater trap was 34 miles/day. Survival rates to the Snake River trap of branded chinook salmon smolts released at Hells Canyon Dam, Rapid River, South Fork Salmon and Decker Flat were 52%, 65%, 68% and 35%, respectively. Classical descaling, where at least 40% of the scales are missing from at least two of five areas on the side of a smolt, ranged from 0 to 5.3% at hatcheries for chinook salmon and was less than 1% for steelhead. Scattered descaling, where at least 10% of scales are missing from at least one side of a fish, was always more extensive than was classical descaling, ranging from 2.5 times greater for Clearwater hatchery steelhead to 6.8 times greater for Clearwater wild steelhead. Mean total length of chinook salmon yearlings was the same at all the traps, i.e., 128 mm (117 mm fork length) +- 1 mm.

  2. Uranium in granites from the Southwestern United States: actinide parent-daughter systems, sites and mobilization. First year report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silver, L T; Williams, I S; Woodhead, J A

    1980-10-01

    Some of the principal findings of the study on the Lawler Peak Granite are: the granite is dated precisely by this work at 1411 +- 3 m.y., confirming its synchroneity with a great regional terrane of granites. Uranium is presently 8-10 times crustal abundance and thorium 2-3 times in this granite. Uranium is found to be enriched in at least eight, possibly ten, primary igneous mineral species over the whole-rock values. Individual mineral species show distinct levels in, and characteristics ranges of, uranium concentration. It appears that in a uraniferous granite such as this, conventional accuracy mineral suites probably cannot account for most of the uranium in the rock, and more rare, high U-concentration phases also are present and are significant uranium hosts. It appears that at least two different geological episodes have contributed to the disturbance of the U-Th-Pb isotope systems. Studies of various sites for transient dispersal of uranium, thorium, and radiogenic lead isotopes indicate a non-uniform dispersal of these components. It appears that the bulk rock has lost at least 24 percent of its original uranium endowment, accepting limited or no radiogenic lead or thorium migration from the sample.

  3. Light oil yield improvement project at Granite City Division Coke/By-Product Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holloran, R.A.

    1995-12-01

    Light oil removal from coke oven gas is a process that has long been proven and utilized throughout many North American Coke/By-Products Plants. The procedures, processes, and equipment requirements to maximize light oil recovery at the Granite City By-Products Plant will be discussed. The Light Oil Yield Improvement Project initially began in July, 1993 and was well into the final phase by February, 1994. Problem solving techniques, along with utilizing proven theoretical recovery standards were applied in this project. Process equipment improvements and implementation of Operator/Maintenance Standard Practices resulted in an average yield increase of 0.4 Gals./NTDC by the end of 1993.

  4. Soil washing as a potential remediation technology for contaminated DOE sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Devgun, J.S.; Beskid, N.J. ); Natsis, M.E. ); Walker, J.S. )

    1993-01-01

    Frequently detected contaminants at US Department of Energy (DOE) sites include radionuclides, heavy metals, and chlorinated hydrocarbons. Remediation of these sites requires application of several technologies used in concert with each other, because no single technology is universally applicable. Special situations, such as mixed waste, generally require innovative technology development. This paper, however, focuses on contaminated soils, for which soil washing and vitrification technologies appear to have wide ranging application potential. Because the volumes of contaminated soils around the DOE complex are so large, soil washing can offer a potentially inexpensive way to effect remediation or to attain waste volume reduction. As costs for disposal of low-level and mixed wastes continue to rise, it is likely that volume-reduction techniques and in-situ containment techniques will become increasingly important. This paper reviews the status of the soil washing technology, examines the systems that are currently available, and discusses the potential application of this technology to some DOE sites, with a focus on radionuclide contamination and, primarily, uranium-contaminated soils

  5. 100 Area soil washing: Bench scale tests on 116-F-4 pluto crib soil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Field, J.G.

    1994-06-10

    The Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted a bench-scale treatability study on a pluto crib soil sample from 100 Area of the Hanford Site. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of physical separation (wet sieving), treatment processes (attrition scrubbing, and autogenous surface grinding), and chemical extraction methods as a means of separating radioactively-contaminated soil fractions from uncontaminated soil fractions. The soil washing treatability study was conducted on a soil sample from the 116-F-4 Pluto Crib that had been dug up as part of an excavation treatability study. Trace element analyses of this soil showed no elevated concentrations above typically uncontaminated soil background levels. Data on the distribution of radionuclide in various size fractions indicated that the soil-washing tests should be focused on the gravel and sand fractions of the 116-F-4 soil. The radionuclide data also showed that {sup 137}Cs was the only contaminant in this soil that exceeded the test performance goal (TPG). Therefore, the effectiveness of subsequent soil-washing tests for 116-F-4 soil was evaluated on the basis of activity attenuation of {sup 137}Cs in the gravel- and sand-size fractions.

  6. Soil washing as a potential remediation technology for contaminated DOE sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Devgun, J.S.; Beskid, N.J.; Natsis, M.E.; Walker, J.S.

    1993-03-01

    Frequently detected contaminants at US Department of Energy (DOE) sites include radionuclides, heavy metals, and chlorinated hydrocarbons. Remediation of these sites requires application of several technologies used in concert with each other, because no single technology is universally applicable. Special situations, such as mixed waste, generally require innovative technology development. This paper, however, focuses on contaminated soils, for which soil washing and vitrification technologies appear to have wide ranging application potential. Because the volumes of contaminated soils around the DOE complex are so large, soil washing can offer a potentially inexpensive way to effect remediation or to attain waste volume reduction. As costs for disposal of low-level and mixed wastes continue to rise, it is likely that volume-reduction techniques and in-situ containment techniques will become increasingly important. This paper reviews the status of the soil washing technology, examines the systems that are currently available, and discusses the potential application of this technology to some DOE sites, with a focus on radionuclide contamination and, primarily, uranium-contaminated soils

  7. Extensive separations (CLEAN) processing strategy compared to TRUEX strategy and sludge wash ion exchange

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knutson, B.J.; Jansen, G.; Zimmerman, B.D.; Seeman, S.E.; Lauerhass, L.; Hoza, M.

    1994-08-01

    Numerous pretreatment flowsheets have been proposed for processing the radioactive wastes in Hanford`s 177 underground storage tanks. The CLEAN Option is examined along with two other flowsheet alternatives to quantify the trade-off of greater capital equipment and operating costs for aggressive separations with the reduced waste disposal costs and decreased environmental/health risks. The effect on the volume of HLW glass product and radiotoxicity of the LLW glass or grout product is predicted with current assumptions about waste characteristics and separations processes using a mass balance model. The prediction is made on three principal processing options: washing of tank wastes with removal of cesium and technetium from the supernatant, with washed solids routed directly to the glass (referred to as the Sludge Wash C processing strategy); the previous steps plus dissolution of the solids and removal of transuranic (TRU) elements, uranium, and strontium using solvent extraction processes (referred to as the Transuranic Extraction Option C (TRUEX-C) processing strategy); and an aggressive yet feasible processing strategy for separating the waste components to meet several main goals or objectives (referred to as the CLEAN Option processing strategy), such as the LLW is required to meet the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission Class A limits; concentrations of technetium, iodine, and uranium are reduced as low as reasonably achievable; and HLW will be contained within 1,000 borosilicate glass canisters that meet current Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant glass specifications.

  8. Smolt Condition and Timing of Arrival at Lower Granite Reservoir, 1985 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scully, Richard J.; Buettner, Edwin W.

    1986-08-01

    This project monitored the daily passage of smolts during the 1985 spring outmigration at three migrant traps, one each on the Snake, Clearwater, and Salmon rivers. Yearling chinook migration rate between Salmon River release sites and the Salmon River scoop trap averaged 23 km per day, about half the migration rate for the same brand groups when migrating from the Salmon River trap to the Snake River trap (48 km/day). Average migration rates for branded chinook and steelhead between release sites and the head of Lower Granite Reservoir were both near 27 km per day. The yearling chinook migration begins in earnest when Salmon River discharge makes a significant rise in early to mid-April. Most yearling chinook pass into Lower Granite Reservoir in April followed by passage of steelhead in May. Chinook smolt recapture data from the Snake River trap suggest a strong dependence of migration rate on quantity of Snake and Salmon river discharge. The ability of the Salmon River trap to catch yearling chinook decreased as discharge increased. No correlation between discharge level and efficiency was observed at the Snake or Clearwater trap for chinook or steelhead smolts. When comparing the size of smolts in the Salmon and Clearwater rivers, the former river has smaller yearling chinook and larger hatchery and wild steelhead. Salmon River hatchery steelhead smolts in 1985 averaged 2 cm smaller than in 1983 and were much healthier than in 1983. 4 refs., 32 figs., 18 tabs.

  9. Smolt Condition and Timing of Arrival at Lower Granite Reservoir, 1987 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buettner, Edwin W.; Nelson, V. Lance

    1990-01-01

    This project monitored the daily passage of smolts during the 1988 spring outmigration at two migrant traps; one each on the Snake and Clearwater rivers. Due to the low runoff year, chinook salmon catch at the Snake River trap was very low. Steelhead trout catch was higher than normal, probably due to trap modifications and because the trap was moved to the east side of the river. Chinook salmon and steelhead trout catch at the Clearwater River trap was similar to 1987. Total cumulative recovery of PIT tagged fish at the three dams, with PIT tag detection systems was: 55% for chinook salmon, 73% for hatchery steelhead trout, and 75% for wild steelhead trout. Travel time through Lower Granite Reservoir for PIT tagged chinook salmon and steelhead trout, marked at the head of the reservoir, was affected by discharge. Statistical analysis showed that as discharge increased from 40 kcfs to 80 kcfs, chinook salmon travel time decreased three fold, and steelhead trout travel time decreased two fold. There was a statistical difference between estimates of travel time through Lower Granite Reservoir for PIT tagged and freeze branded steelhead trout, but not for chinook salmon. These differences may be related to the estimation techniques used for PIT tagged and freeze branded groups, rather than real differences in travel time. 10 figs, 15 tabs.

  10. DOE Announces Additional Tour Seats Available: Tours of B Reactor at the Hanford Site Begin and End in Richland, Wash.

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    RICHLAND, Wash. – The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has made additional seats available for tours of the B Reactor National Historic Landmark this July and August.

  11. Alternating magnetic anisotropy of Li2(Li1xTx)N(T=Mn,Fe,Co,andNi)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jesche, A.; Ke, L.; Jacobs, J. L.; Harmon, B.; Houk, R. S.; Canfield, P. C.

    2015-05-11

    Substantial amounts of the transition metals Mn, Fe, Co, and Ni can be substituted for Li in single crystalline Li2(Li1xTx)N. Isothermal and temperature-dependent magnetization measurements reveal local magnetic moments with magnitudes significantly exceeding the spin-only value. The additional contributions stem from unquenched orbital moments that lead to rare-earth-like behavior of the magnetic properties. Accordingly, extremely large magnetic anisotropies have been found. Most notably, the magnetic anisotropy alternates as easy plane?easy axis?easy plane?easy axis when progressing from T = Mn ? Fe ? Co ? Ni. This behavior can be understood based on a perturbation approach in an analytical, single-ion model.moreAs a result, the calculated magnetic anisotropies show surprisingly good agreement with the experiment and capture the basic features observed for the different transition metals.less

  12. Alternating magnetic anisotropy of Li2(Li1–xTx)N (T = Mn, Fe, Co, and Ni)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jesche, A.; Ke, L.; Jacobs, J. L.; Harmon, B.; Houk, R. S.; Canfield, P. C.

    2015-05-11

    Substantial amounts of the transition metals Mn, Fe, Co, and Ni can be substituted for Li in single crystalline Li2(Li1–xTx)N. Isothermal and temperature-dependent magnetization measurements reveal local magnetic moments with magnitudes significantly exceeding the spin-only value. The additional contributions stem from unquenched orbital moments that lead to rare-earth-like behavior of the magnetic properties. Accordingly, extremely large magnetic anisotropies have been found. Most notably, the magnetic anisotropy alternates as easy plane→easy axis→easy plane→easy axis when progressing from T = Mn → Fe → Co → Ni. This behavior can be understood based on a perturbation approach in an analytical, single-ion model.more » As a result, the calculated magnetic anisotropies show surprisingly good agreement with the experiment and capture the basic features observed for the different transition metals.« less

  13. Smolt Condition and Timing of Arrival at Lower Granite Reservoir, 1983-1984 Technical Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scully, Richard J.; Buettner, Edwin W.

    1985-12-01

    Hatcheries released 9.3 million chinook salmon and 6.3 million steelhead smolts and presmolts upriver from Lower Granite Reservoir for migration In spring, 1984. We operated smolt monitoring traps at Whitebird from March 14 to May 12, Snake River from March 22 to May 15 and Clearwater from March 29 to May 13. Peak passage of yearling chinook salmon occurred the third week In April at both Whitebird and Snake River traps. Passage of steelhead was still increasing when high water stopped trapping in mid-May. Median migration rates for branded chinook salmon between release sites and Whitebird were 3, 17 and 15 miles/day for Rapid River, South Fork Salmon and Decker Flat smolts, respectively, an average of 11.6 miles/day. Average migration rate for these three groups between Whitebird and Snake River trap was 28 miles/day. Average migration rate between release sites and Snake River (the head of Lower Granite Reservoir) was 13.2 miles/day and from that point on through the reservoir to the dam, 1.9 miles/day. Salmon River discharge, when considered along with other environmental factors, had the greatest effect on migration rate of smolts branded both at hatcheries and at the Whitebird trap and migrating to the head of Lower Granite Reservoir. Migration rate for steelhead released from Dworshak Hatchery and recaptured at the Clearwater trap was 34 miles/day. Survival rates to the Snake River trap of branded chinook salmon smolts released at Hells Canyon Dam, Rapid River, South Fork Salmon and Decker Flat were 52%, 65%, 68% and 35%, respectively. Classical descaling, where at least 40% of the scales are missing from at least two of five areas on the side of a smolt, ranged from 0 to 5.3% at hatcheries for chinook salmon and was less than 1% for steelhead. Descaling rate often Increased about 1% at release sites. Classical descaling at Whitebird, Clearwater and Snake River traps averaged 4.5, 2.5 and 1.5% for chinook salmon, 2.1, 0.4 and 1.4% for wild steelhead and 8.7, 4.1 and 5.5% for hatchery steelhead, respectively. Scattered descaling, where at least 10% of scales are missing from at least one side of a fish, was always more extensive than was classical descaling, ranging from 2.5 times greater for Clearwater hatchery steelhead to 6.8 times greater for Clearwater wild steelhead. Mean total length of chinook salmon yearlings was the same at all the traps, i.e., 128 mm (117 mm fork length) + 1 mm. The largest chinook salmon smolts came from Dworshak National Fish Hatchery on the Clearwater River. Hatchery steelhead were smallest (2 = 203 mm) at the Clearwater trap and largest (2 = 239 mm) at the Whitebird trap. Wild steelhead were also smallest at Clearwater trap ({bar x} = 178 mm) and largest at Whitebird trap ({bar x} = 193 mm). Purse seining to evaluate rates of descaling before and after smolts passed Lower Granite Dam was largely ineffective since we were unable to catch sufficient numbers of smolts in the tailrace, and winds in the forebay area altered descaling rates in sampled smolts.

  14. Investigating Solutions to Wind Washing Issues in Two-Story Florida Homes, Phase 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Withers, Charles R.; Kono, Jamie

    2015-04-13

    With U.S. Department of Energy goals of reducing existing home energy use by 30% and new home energy use by 50%, it is imperative to focus on several energy efficiency measures, including the quality of air and thermal barriers. This report provides results from a second-phase research study of a phenomenon generally referred to as wind washing. Wind washing is the movement of unconditioned air around or through building thermal barriers in such a way as to diminish or nullify the intended thermal performance. In some cases, thermal and air barriers are installed very poorly or not at all, and air can readily move from unconditioned attic spaces into quasi-conditioned interstitial spaces. This study focused on the impact of poorly sealed and insulated floor cavities adjacent to attic spaces in Florida homes. In these cases, unconditioned attic air can be transferred into floor cavities through pathways driven by natural factors such as wind, or by thermal differences between the floor cavity and the attic. Air can also be driven into a floor cavity through mechanical forces imposed by return duct leakage in the floor cavity.

  15. An efficient process for recovery of fine coal from tailings of coal washing plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cicek, T.; Cocen, I.; Engin, V.T.; Cengizler, H.

    2008-07-01

    Gravity concentration of hard lignites using conventional jigs and heavy media separation equipment is prone to produce coal-rich fine tailings. This study aims to establish a fine coal recovery process of very high efficiency at reasonable capital investment and operational costs. The technical feasibility to upgrade the properties of the predeslimed fine refuse of a lignite washing plant with 35.9% ash content was investigated by employing gravity separation methods. The laboratory tests carried out with the combination of shaking table and Mozley multi-gravity separator (MGS) revealed that the clean coal with 18% ash content on dry basis could be obtained with 58.9% clean coal recovery by the shaking table stage and 4.1% clean coal recovery by MGS stage, totaling to the sum of 63.0% clean coal recovery from a predeslimed feed. The combustible recovery and the organic efficiency of the shaking table + MGS combination were 79.5% and 95.5%, respectively. Based on the results of the study, a flow sheet of a high-efficiency fine coal recovery process was proposed, which is also applicable to the coal refuse pond slurry of a lignite washing plant.

  16. Laser damage by ns and sub-ps pulses on hafnia/silica anti-reflection coatings on fused silica double-sided polished using zirconia or ceria and washed with or without an alumina wash step.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bellum, John Curtis; Rambo, Patrick K.; Schwarz, Jens; Kletecka, Damon; Atherton, Briggs W.; Kimmel, Mark W.; Smith, Ian Craig; Smith, Douglas; Hobbs, Zachary

    2010-10-01

    Sandia's Large Optics Coating Operation has extensive results of laser induced damage threshold (LIDT) testing of its anti-reflection (AR) and high reflection coatings on substrates pitch polished using ceria and washed in a process that includes an alumina wash step. The purpose of the alumina wash step is to remove residual polishing compound to minimize its role in laser damage. These LIDT tests are for multi longitudinal mode, ns class pulses at 1064 nm and 532 nm (NIF-MEL protocol) and mode locked, sub-ps class pulses at 1054 nm (Sandia measurements), and show reasonably high and adequate laser damage resistance for coatings in the beam trains of Sandia's Z-Backlighter terawatt and petawatt lasers. An AR coating in addition to coatings of our previous reports confirms this with LIDTs of 33.0 J/cm{sup 2} for 3.5 ns pulses and 1.8 J/cm{sup 2} for 350 fs pulses. In this paper, we investigate both ceria and zirconia in doublesided polishing (common for large flat Z-Backlighter laser optics) as they affect LIDTs of an AR coating on fused silica substrates washed with or without the alumina wash step. For these AR coated, double-sided polished surfaces, ceria polishing in general affords better resistance to laser damage than zirconia polishing and laser damage is less likely with the alumina wash step than without it. This is supported by specific results of laser damage tests with 3.5 ns, multi longitudinal mode, single shot pulses at 1064 nm and 532 nm, with 7.0 ns, single and multi longitudinal mode, single and multi shot pulses at 532 nm, and with 350 fs, mode-locked, single shot pulses at 1054 nm.

  17. Bescorp soil washing system for lead battery site treatment. Applications analysis report. Project report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaire, R.J.

    1995-01-01

    The Brice Environmental Services Corporation (BESCORP) Soil Washing System (BSWS) and its applicability in remediating lead-contaminated soil at lead battery sites was evaluated. The report presents performance and economic data, developed from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) demonstration (three test runs) and additional data provided by the developer. The demonstration took place at the Alaskan Battery Enterprises (ABE) site in Fairbanks, Alaska. Economic data for a commercial 20-tph unit processing wastes similar to those treated in the SITE Demonstration, including disposal of waste effluents, project operating costs to be about $165/ton of soil (dry basis) containing 6.6 wt percent moisture. This figure does not reflect any revenue from recycling of metallic lead or cashing chips.

  18. Resolving the structure of Ti3C2Tx MXenes through multilevel structural modeling of the atomic pair distribution function

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wesolowski, David J.; Wang, Hsiu -Wen; Page, Katharine L.; Naguib, Michael; Gogotsi, Yury

    2015-12-08

    MXenes are a recently discovered family of two-dimensional (2D) early transition metal carbides and carbonitrides, which have already shown many attractive properties and a great promise in energy storage and many other applications. However, a complex surface chemistry and small coherence length has been an obstacle in some applications of MXenes, also limiting accuracy of predictions of their properties. In this study, we describe and benchmark a novel way of modeling layered materials with real interfaces (diverse surface functional groups and stacking order between the adjacent monolayers) against experimental data. The structures of three kinds of Ti3C2Tx MXenes (T standsmore » for surface terminating species, including O, OH, and F) produced under different synthesis conditions were resolved for the first time using atomic pair distribution function obtained by high-quality neutron total scattering. The true nature of the material can be easily captured with the sensitivity of neutron scattering to the surface species of interest and the detailed third-generation structure model we present. The modeling approach leads to new understanding of MXene structural properties and can replace the currently used idealized models in predictions of a variety of physical, chemical and functional properties of Ti3C2-based MXenes. Furthermore, the developed models can be employed to guide the design of new MXene materials with selected surface termination and controlled contact angle, catalytic, optical, electrochemical and other properties. We suggest that the multi-level structural modeling should form the basis for a generalized methodology on modeling diffraction and pair distribution function data for 2D and layered materials.« less

  19. Susceptibility of Granite Rock to scCO2/Water at 200 degrees C and 250 degrees C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sugama, T.; Gill, S., Ecker, L., Butcher, T., Warren, J.

    2011-01-01

    Granite rock comprising anorthoclase-type albite and quartz as its major phases and biotite mica as the minor one was exposed to supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO{sub 2})/water at 250 C and 13.78 MPa pressure for 104 hours. For comparison purpose, four other rocks, albite, hornblende, diorite, and quartz, also were exposed. During the exposure of granite, ionic carbonic acid, known as the wet carbonation reactant, preferentially reacted with anorthoclase-type albite and biotite, rather than with quartz. The susceptibility of biotite to wet carbonation was higher than that of anorthoclase-type albite. All the carbonation by-products of anorthoclase-type albite were amorphous phases including Na- and K-carbonates, a kaolinite clay-like compound, and silicon dioxide, while wet carbonation converted biotite into potassium aluminum silicate, siderite, and magnesite in crystalline phases and hydrogen fluoride (HF). Three of these reaction by-products, Na- and K-carbonates and HF, were highly soluble in water. Correspondingly, the carbonated top surface layer, about 1.27 mm thick as carbonation depth, developed porous microstructure with numerous large voids, some of which have a size of {>=} 10 {mu}m, reflecting the erosion of granite by the leaching of these water-soluble reaction by-products. Comparing with this carbonation depth, its depth of other minerals was considerable lower, particularly, for hornblende and diorite with 0.07 and 0.02 mm, while no carbonate compound was detected in quartz. The major factor governing these low carbonation depths in these rocks was the formation of water-insensitive scale-like carbonate by-products such as calcite (CaCO{sub 3}), siderite (FeCO{sub 3}), and magnesite (MgCO{sub 3}). Their formation within the superficial layer of these minerals served as protective barrier layer that inhibits and retards further carbonation of fresh underlying minerals, even if the exposure time was extended. Thus, the coverage by this barrier layer of the non-carbonated surfaces of the underlying rock was reason why the hornblende and diorite exhibited a minimum depth of carbonation. Under exposure to the scCO{sub 2}/water at 200 C and 10.34 MPa pressure for up to 42 days, the ranking of the magnitude of erosion caused by wet carbonation was in the following order; granite > albite > hornblende > diorite > quartz. The eroding-caused weight loss of granite (0.88 %) was {approx}2.4, {approx}5.2, {approx}9.8, and {approx}17.6 times greater than that of albite, hornblends, diorite, and quartz, respectively.

  20. Engineering report on drilling in the Sand Wash Basin intermediate grade project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1980-09-01

    The Sand Wash Basin Intermediate Grade Drilling Project was conducted by Bendix Field Engineering Corporation in support of the US Department of Energy (DOE) National Uranium Resource Evaluation (NURE) program. This project consisted of 19 drill holes ranging in depth from 275 to 1220 feet (83.9 to 372.1 m). A total of 11,569 feet (3528.5 m) was rotary drilled and 130 feet (39.7 m) were cored for a total of 11,699 feet (3568.2 m) for the project. The project objective was to provide comprehensive subsurface geologic data relevant to Intermediate Grade uranium mineralization of the Browns Park Formation in the Sugar Loaf Peak Site A, and the Little Juniper Mountain Site B areas. All boreholes are located on the USGS Juniper Hot Springs and the Lay 7.5-Minute Series (Topographic) Quadrangles. The project began May 2, 1980; drilling was completed June 3, 1980. Site restoration and clean up was initiated immediately upon the completion of the last borehole and was completed June 8, 1980.

  1. Engineering report on drilling in the Sand Wash Basin, Colorado. [In support of NURE program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Callihan, M C

    1980-01-01

    The Sand Wash Basin Drilling project was conducted by Bendix Field Engineering Corporation in support of the US Department of Energy (DOE) National Uranium Resource Evaluation (NURE) program. This project consisted of 27 drill holes ranging in depth from 110 feet (33.5 m) to 1,995 feet (608.1 m). A total of 25,514 feet (7,471.9 m) was rotary drilled, and 1,593.5 feet (485.7 m) were cored resulting in a total of 26,107.5 feet (7,957.6 m) drilled for the project. The objective of the project was to provide comprehensive subsurface geologic data relevant to uranium mineralization. This was accomplished by drilling in major outcrop areas of the Browns Park Formation in Moffat and Routt Counties, Colorado. The project began May 18, 1979; drilling was completed November 4, 1979. Most site restoration and cleanup was completed during the fall of 1979 with the remainder to be completed during the spring of 1980.

  2. Stratigraphy and petroleum potential of Trout Creek and Twentymile sandstones (Upper Cretaceous), Sand Wash Basin, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siepman, B.R.

    1985-05-01

    The Trout Creek and Twentymile Sandstones (Mesaverde Group) in Moffat and Routt Counties, Colorado, are thick, upward-coarsening sequences that were deposited along the western margin of the Western Interior basin during Campanian time. These units trend northeast-southwest and undergo a facies change to coal-bearing strata on the northwest. Surface data collected along the southeastern rim of the Sand Wash basin were combined with well-log data from approximately 100 drill holes that have penetrated the Trout Creek or Twentymile in the subsurface. The sandstones exhibit distinctive vertical profiles with regard to grain size, sedimentary structures, and biogenic structures. A depositional model that incorporates the key elements of the modern Nile River (northeast Africa) and Nayarit (west-central Mexico) coastal systems is proposed for the Trout Creek and Twentymile sandstones and associated strata. The model depicts a wave-dominated deltaic, strand-plain, and barrier-island system. Depositional cycles are asymmetrical in cross section as they are largely progradational and lack significant transgressive deposits. Source rock-reservoir rock relationships are ideal as marine shales underlie, and coal-bearing strata overlie sheetlike reservoir sandstones. Humic coal, the dominant source of Mesaverde gas, generates major quantities of methane upon reaching thermal maturity. Existing Mesaverde gas fields are largely structural traps, but stratigraphic and combination traps may prove to be equally important. The sparsely drilled deeper part of the basin warrants testing as large, overpressured-gas accumulations in tight-sandstone reservoirs are likely to be found.

  3. Geologic report on the Sand Wash Drilling Project, Moffat and Routt Counties, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, T.E.; Wayland, T.E.

    1981-09-01

    The Sand Wash Basin Drilling Project comprises twenty-seven (27) drill holes located in Moffat and Routt Counties, northwest Colorado, having an aggregate depth of 26,107.5 feet (7957.6 m). The holes penetrate the Browns Park Formation of Miocene age, which is a tuffaceous continental sandstone deposited in fluvial, eolian, and lacustrine environments. Partly based on project drilling results, uranium potential resource estimates for this formation in the $50/lb U/sub 3/O/sub 8/ forward-cost category have been increased by 34,476 tons U/sub 3/O/sub 8/ (35,036 metric tons). Three areas between Maybell and Craig, Colorado, considered favorable for uranium occurrences were verified as favorable by project drilling, and a fourth favorable area northwest of Maybell has been expanded. In addition, project drilling results indicate two new favorable areas, one north and northwest and one south of Steamboat Springs, Colorado. Anomalous radioactivity was detected in drill holes in all six study areas of the project. The most important factor in concentrating significant amounts of uranium in the target formation appears to be the availability of gaseous or liquid hydrocarbons and/or hydrogen sulfide gas as reductants. Where subjacent formations supply these reductants to the Browns Park Formation, project drilling encountered 0.05 percent to 0.01 percent uranium concentrations. Potential, though unproven, sources of these reductants are believed to underlie parts of all six project study areas.

  4. HIA 2015 DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Carl Franklin Homes, L.C./Green Extreme Homes, CDC, McKinley Project, Garland TX

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Carl Franklin Homes, L.C./ Green Extreme Homes, CDC McKinley Project Garland, TX DOE ZERO ENERGY READY HOME(tm) The U.S. Department of Energy invites home builders across the country to meet the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specified in DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program (formerly known as Challenge Home). Every DOE Zero Energy Ready Home starts with ENERGY STAR Certified Homes Version 3.0 for an energy-efficient home built on a solid foundation of building science research.

  5. ~tx421.ptx

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... a day-to- 3 day percentage change in past prices. 4 But what ... similar to our STEO query system where the 20 user could ... The term that I've 20 used in class all the time, I tend to ...

  6. ~tx410.ptx

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... right. 13 I'll legally change my name to sucker. 14 ... I lead a group that basically 18 does power system modeling, ... graduate energy modeling class where we 19 actually have ...

  7. Training Session: Euless, TX

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This 3.5-hour training provides builders with a comprehensive review of zero energy-ready home construction including the business case, detailed specifications, and opportunities to be recognized...

  8. Sludge Washing And Demonstration Of The DWPF Flowsheet In The SRNL Shielded Cells For Sludge Batch 8 Qualification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pareizs, J. M.; Crawford, C. L.

    2013-04-26

    The current Waste Solidification Engineering (WSE) practice is to prepare sludge batches in Tank 51 by transferring sludge from other tanks to Tank 51. Tank 51 sludge is washed and transferred to Tank 40, the current Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) feed tank. Prior to transfer of Tank 51 to Tank 40, the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) typically simulates the Tank Farm and DWPF processes using a Tank 51 sample (referred to as the qualification sample). WSE requested the SRNL to perform characterization on a Sludge Batch 8 (SB8) sample and demonstrate the DWPF flowsheet in the SRNL shielded cells for SB8 as the final qualification process required prior to SB8 transfer from Tank 51 to Tank 40. A 3-L sample from Tank 51 (the SB8 qualification sample; Tank Farm sample HTF-51-12-80) was received by SRNL on September 20, 2012. The as-received sample was characterized prior to being washed. The washed material was further characterized and used as the material for the DWPF process simulation including a Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) cycle, a Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) cycle, and glass fabrication and chemical durability measurements.

  9. Characterization of Vadose Zone Sediments Below the TX Tank Farm: Boreholes C3830, C3831, C3832 and RCRA Borehole 299-W10-27

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Serne, R. Jeffrey; Bjornstad, Bruce N.; Horton, Duane G.; Lanigan, David C.; Lindenmeier, Clark W.; Lindberg, Michael J.; Clayton, Ray E.; Legore, Virginia L.; Orr, Robert D.; Kutnyakov, Igor V.; Baum, Steven R.; Geiszler, Keith N.; Valenta, Michelle M.; Vickerman, Tanya S.

    2008-09-11

    This report was revised in September 2008 to remove acid-extractable sodium data from Tables 4.8, 4.28,4.43, and 4.59. The sodium data was removed due to potential contamination introduced during the acid extraction process. The rest of the text remains unchanged from the original report issued in April 2004. The overall goal of the Tank Farm Vadose Zone Project, led by CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc., is to define risks from past and future single-shell tank farm activities at Hanford. To meet this goal, CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. tasked scientists from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to perform detailed analyses on vadose zone sediments from within Waste Management Area (WMA) T-TX-TY. This report is the first of two reports written to present the results of these analyses. Specifically, this report contains all the geologic, geochemical, and selected physical characterization data collected on vadose zone sediment recovered from boreholes C3830, C3831, and C3832 in the TX Tank Farm, and from borehole 299-W-10-27 installed northeast of the TY Tank Farm.

  10. Thermal analysis for a spent reactor fuel storage test in granite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Montan, D.N.

    1980-09-01

    A test is conducted in which spent fuel assemblies from an operating commercial nuclear power reactor are emplaced in the Climax granite at the US Department of Energy`s Nevada Test Site. In this generic test, 11 canisters of spent PWR fuel are emplaced vertically along with 6 electrical simulator canisters on 3 m centers, 4 m below the floor of a storage drift which is 420 m below the surface. Two adjacent parallel drifts contain electrical heaters, operated to simulate (in the vicinity of the storage drift) the temperature fields of a large repository. This test, planned for up to five years duration, uses fairly young fuel (2.5 years out of core) so that the thermal peak will occur during the time frame of the test and will not exceed the peak that would not occur until about 40 years of storage had older fuel (5 to 15 years out of core) been used. This paper describes the calculational techniques and summarizes the results of a large number of thermal calculations used in the concept, basic design and final design of the spent fuel test. The results of the preliminary calculations show the effects of spacing and spent fuel age. Either radiation or convection is sufficient to make the drifts much better thermal conductors than the rock that was removed to create them. The combination of radiation and convection causes the drift surfaces to be nearly isothermal even though the heat source is below the floor. With a nominal ventilation rate of 2 m{sup 3}/s and an ambient rock temperature of 23{sup 0}C, the maximum calculated rock temperature (near the center of the heat source) is about 100{sup 0}C while the maximum air temperature in the drift is around 40{sup 0}C. This ventilation (1 m{sup 3}/s through the main drift and 1/2 m{sup 3}/s through each of the side drifts) will remove about 1/3 of the heat generated during the first five years of storage.

  11. SLUDGE WASHING AND DEMONSTRATION OF THE DWPF FLOWSHEET IN THE SRNL SHIELDED CELLS FOR SLUDGE BATCH 5 QUALIFICATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pareizs, J; Cj Bannochie, C; Damon Click, D; Dan Lambert, D; Michael Stone, M; Bradley Pickenheim, B; Amanda Billings, A; Ned Bibler, N

    2008-11-10

    Sludge Batch 5 (SB5) is predominantly a combination of H-modified (HM) sludge from Tank 11 that underwent aluminum dissolution in late 2007 to reduce the total mass of sludge solids and aluminum being fed to the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) and Purex sludge transferred from Tank 7. Following aluminum dissolution, the addition of Tank 7 sludge and excess Pu to Tank 51, Liquid Waste Operations (LWO) provided the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) a 3-L sample of Tank 51 sludge for SB5 qualification. SB5 qualification included washing the sample per LWO plans/projections (including the addition of a Pu/Be stream from H Canyon), DWPF Chemical Process Cell (CPC) simulations, waste glass fabrication (vitrification), and waste glass chemical durability evaluation. This report documents: (1) The washing (addition of water to dilute the sludge supernatant) and concentration (decanting of supernatant) of the Tank 51 qualification sample to adjust sodium content and weight percent insoluble solids to Tank Farm projections. (2) The performance of a DWPF CPC simulation using the washed Tank 51 sample. This includes a Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) cycle, where acid is added to the sludge to destroy nitrite and remove mercury, and a Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) cycle, where glass frit is added to the sludge in preparation for vitrification. The SME cycle also included replication of five canister decontamination additions and concentrations. Processing parameters for the CPC processing were based on work with a non radioactive simulant. (3) Vitrification of a portion of the SME product and Product Consistency Test (PCT) evaluation of the resulting glass. (4) Rheology measurements of the initial slurry samples and samples after each phase of CPC processing. This work is controlled by a Task Technical and Quality Assurance Plan (TTQAP) , and analyses are guided by an Analytical Study Plan. This work is Technical Baseline Research and Development (R&D) for the DWPF.

  12. Climax Granite, Nevada Test Site, as a host for a rock mechanics test facility related to the geologic disposal of high level nuclear wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heuze, F.E.

    1981-02-01

    This document discusses the potential of the Climax pluton, at the Nevada Test Site, as the host for a granite mechanics test facility related to the geologic disposal of high-level nuclear waste. The Climax granitic pluton has been the site of three nuclear weapons effects tests: Hard Hat, Tiny Tot, and Piledriver. Geologic exploration and mapping of the granite body were performed at the occasion of these tests. Currently, it is the site Spent Fuel Test (SFT-C) conducted in the vicinity of and at the same depth as that of the Piledriver drifts. Significant exploration, mapping, and rock mechanics work have been performed and continue at this Piledriver level - the 1400 (ft) level - in the context of SFT-C. Based on our technical discussions, and on the review of the significant geological and rock mechanics work already achieved in the Climax pluton, based also on the ongoing work and the existing access and support, it is concluded that the Climax site offers great opportunities for a rock mechanics test facility. It is not claimed, however, that Climax is the only possible site or the best possible site, since no case has been made for another granite test facility in the United States. 12 figures, 3 tables.

  13. Raw neutron scattering data for strain measurement of hydraulically loaded granite and marble samples in triaxial stress state

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Polsky, Yarom

    2014-05-23

    This entry contains raw data files from experiments performed on the Vulcan beamline at the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory using a pressure cell. Cylindrical granite and marble samples were subjected to confining pressures of either 0 psi or approximately 2500 psi and internal pressures of either 0 psi, 1500 psi or 2500 psi through a blind axial hole at the center of one end of the sample. The sample diameters were 1.5" and the sample lengths were 6". The blind hole was 0.25" in diameter and 3" deep. One set of experiments measured strains at points located circumferentially around the center of the sample with identical radii to determine if there was strain variability (this would not be expected for a homogeneous material based on the symmetry of loading). Another set of experiments measured load variation across the radius of the sample at a fixed axial and circumferential location. Raw neutron diffraction intensity files and experimental parameter descriptions are included.

  14. Raw neutron scattering data for strain measurement of hydraulically loaded granite and marble samples in triaxial stress state

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Polsky, Yarom

    This entry contains raw data files from experiments performed on the Vulcan beamline at the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory using a pressure cell. Cylindrical granite and marble samples were subjected to confining pressures of either 0 psi or approximately 2500 psi and internal pressures of either 0 psi, 1500 psi or 2500 psi through a blind axial hole at the center of one end of the sample. The sample diameters were 1.5" and the sample lengths were 6". The blind hole was 0.25" in diameter and 3" deep. One set of experiments measured strains at points located circumferentially around the center of the sample with identical radii to determine if there was strain variability (this would not be expected for a homogeneous material based on the symmetry of loading). Another set of experiments measured load variation across the radius of the sample at a fixed axial and circumferential location. Raw neutron diffraction intensity files and experimental parameter descriptions are included.

  15. Technology Solutions Case Study: Investigating Solutions to Wind Washing Issues in Two-Story Florida Homes: Phase 2, Southeastern United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-05-01

    In many two-story homes, there are attic spaces above the first-floor of the home that border portions of the second-story conditioned space. These spaces have breaches of the air and thermal boundaries, creating a phenomenon known as wind washing. This can cause attic air above the first-floor space to be driven into the cavity between the first and second floors by wind, thermal buoyancy forces, or mechanical driving forces as well as circulation of hot attic air against the wallboard because of gaps between insulation batts installed on knee walls and the gypsum wallboard. In this project, the U.S. Department of Energy team Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction (BA-PIRC) investigated wind washing in 56 homes. The goals were to identify the failure mechanisms that lead to wind washing, characterize the pathways for air and heat to enter the house, and evaluate the seasonal energy savings and peak demand reduction that can result from repairing these wind washing problems. Based on this research, the team developed recommendations for cost-effective retrofit solutions and information that can help avoid these problems in new construction.

  16. SLUDGE WASHING AND DEMONSTRATION OF THE DWPF FLOWSHEET IN THE SRNL SHIELDED CELLS FOR SLUDGE BATCH 6 QUALIFICATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pareizs, J.; Pickenheim, B.; Bannochie, C.; Billings, A.; Bibler, N.; Click, D.

    2010-10-01

    Prior to initiating a new sludge batch in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF), Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) is required to simulate this processing, including Chemical Process Cell (CPC) simulation, waste glass fabrication, and chemical durability testing. This report documents this simulation for the next sludge batch, Sludge Batch 6 (SB6). SB6 consists of Tank 12 material that has been transferred to Tank 51 and subjected to Low Temperature Aluminum Dissolution (LTAD), Tank 4 sludge, and H-Canyon Pu solutions. Following LTAD and the Tank 4 addition, Liquid Waste Operations (LWO) provided SRNL a 3 L sample of Tank 51 sludge for SB6 qualification. Pu solution from H Canyon was also received. SB6 qualification included washing the sample per LWO plans/projections (including the addition of Pu from H Canyon), DWPF CPC simulations, waste glass fabrication (vitrification), and waste glass characterization and chemical durability evaluation. The following are significant observations from this demonstration. Sludge settling improved slightly as the sludge was washed. SRNL recommended (and the Tank Farm implemented) one less wash based on evaluations of Tank 40 heel projections and projections of the glass composition following transfer of Tank 51 to Tank 40. Thorium was detected in significant quantities (>0.1 wt % of total solids) in the sludge. In past sludge batches, thorium has been determined by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectroscopy (ICP-MS), seen in small quantities, and reported with the radionuclides. As a result of the high thorium, SRNL-AD has added thorium to their suite of Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AES) elements. The acid stoichiometry for the DWPF Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) processing of 115%, or 1.3 mol acid per liter of SRAT receipt slurry, was adequate to accomplish some of the goals of SRAT processing: nitrite was destroyed to below 1,000 mg/kg and mercury was removed to below the DWPF target with 750 g of steam per g of mercury. However, rheological properties did not improve and were above the design basis. Hydrogen generation rates did not exceed DWPF limits during the SRAT and Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) cycles. However, hydrogen generation during the SRAT cycle approached the DWPF limit. The glass fabricated with the Tank 51 SB6 SME product and Frit 418 was acceptable with respect to chemical durability as measured by the Product Consistency Test (PCT). The PCT response was also predictable by the current durability models of the DWPF Product Composition Control System (PCCS). It should be noted, however, that in the first attempt to make glass from the SME product, the contents of the fabrication crucible foamed over. This may be a result of the SME product's REDOX (Reduction/Oxidation - Fe{sup 2+}/{Sigma}Fe) of 0.08 (calculated from SME product analytical results). The following are recommendations drawn from this demonstration. In this demonstration, at the request of DWPF, SRNL caustic boiled the SRAT contents prior to acid addition to remove water (to increase solids concentration). During the nearly five hours of caustic boiling, 700 ppm of antifoam was required to control foaming. SRNL recommends that DWPF not caustic boil/concentrate SRAT receipt prior to acid addition until further studies can be performed to provide a better foaming control strategy or a new antifoam is developed for caustic boiling. Based on this set of runs and a recently completed demonstration with the SB6 Waste Acceptance Product Specifications (WAPS) sample, it is recommended that DWPF not add formic acid at the design addition rate of two gallons per minute for this sludge batch. A longer acid addition time appears to be helpful in allowing slower reaction of formic acid with the sludge and possibly decreases the chance of a foam over during acid addition.

  17. SLUDGE WASHING AND DEMONSTRATION OF THE DWPF FLOWSHEET IN THE SRNL SHIELDED CELLS FOR SLUDGE BATCH 7A QUALIFICATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pareizs, J.; Billings, A.; Click, D.

    2011-07-08

    Waste Solidification Engineering (WSE) has requested that characterization and a radioactive demonstration of the next batch of sludge slurry (Sludge Batch 7a*) be completed in the Shielded Cells Facility of the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) via a Technical Task Request (TTR). This characterization and demonstration, or sludge batch qualification process, is required prior to transfer of the sludge from Tank 51 to the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) feed tank (Tank 40). The current WSE practice is to prepare sludge batches in Tank 51 by transferring sludge from other tanks. Discharges of nuclear materials from H Canyon are often added to Tank 51 during sludge batch preparation. The sludge is washed and transferred to Tank 40, the current DWPF feed tank. Prior to transfer of Tank 51 to Tank 40, SRNL simulates the Tank Farm and DWPF processes with a Tank 51 sample (referred to as the qualification sample). Sludge Batch 7a (SB7a) is composed of portions of Tanks 4, 7, and 12; the Sludge Batch 6 heel in Tank 51; and a plutonium stream from H Canyon. SRNL received the Tank 51 qualification sample (sample ID HTF-51-10-125) following sludge additions to Tank 51. This report documents: (1) The washing (addition of water to dilute the sludge supernate) and concentration (decanting of supernate) of the SB7a - Tank 51 qualification sample to adjust sodium content and weight percent insoluble solids to Tank Farm projections. (2) The performance of a DWPF Chemical Process Cell (CPC) simulation using the washed Tank 51 sample. The simulation included a Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) cycle, where acid was added to the sludge to destroy nitrite and reduce mercury, and a Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) cycle, where glass frit was added to the sludge in preparation for vitrification. The SME cycle also included replication of five canister decontamination additions and concentrations. Processing parameters were based on work with a non-radioactive simulant. (3) Vitrification of a portion of the SME product and characterization and durability testing (as measured by the Product Consistency Test (PCT)) of the resulting glass. (4) Rheology measurements of the initial slurry samples and samples after each phase of CPC processing. This program was controlled by a Task Technical and Quality Assurance Plan (TTQAP), and analyses were guided by an Analytical Study Plan. This work is Technical Baseline Research and Development (R&D) for the DWPF. It should be noted that much of the data in this document has been published in interoffice memoranda. The intent of this technical report is bring all of the SB7a related data together in a single permanent record and to discuss the overall aspects of SB7a processing.

  18. Processes for washing a spent ion exchange bed and for treating biomass-derived pyrolysis oil, and apparatuses for treating biomass-derived pyrolysis oil

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baird, Lance Awender; Brandvold, Timothy A.

    2015-11-24

    Processes and apparatuses for washing a spent ion exchange bed and for treating biomass-derived pyrolysis oil are provided herein. An exemplary process for washing a spent ion exchange bed employed in purification of biomass-derived pyrolysis oil includes the step of providing a ion-depleted pyrolysis oil stream having an original oxygen content. The ion-depleted pyrolysis oil stream is partially hydrotreated to reduce the oxygen content thereof, thereby producing a partially hydrotreated pyrolysis oil stream having a residual oxygen content that is less than the original oxygen content. At least a portion of the partially hydrotreated pyrolysis oil stream is passed through the spent ion exchange bed. Water is passed through the spent ion exchange bed after passing at least the portion of the partially hydrotreated pyrolysis oil stream therethrough.

  19. Appraisal of the tight sands potential of the Sand Wash and Great Divide Basins. Final report, June 1989--June 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    The volume of future tight gas reserve additions is difficult to estimate because of uncertainties in the characterization and extent of the resource and the performance and cost-effectiveness of stimulation and production technologies. Ongoing R&D by industry and government aims to reduce the risks and costs of producing these tight resources, increase the certainty of knowledge of their geologic characteristics and extent, and increase the efficiency of production technologies. Some basins expected to contain large volumes of tight gas are being evaluated as to their potential contribution to domestic gas supplies. This report describes the results of one such appraisal. This analysis addresses the tight portions of the Eastern Greater Green River Basin (Sand Wash and Great Divide Subbasins in Northwestern Colorado and Southwestern Wyoming, respectively), with respect to estimated gas-in-place, technical recovery, and potential reserves. Geological data were compiled from public and proprietary sources. The study estimated gas-in-place in significant (greater than 10 feet net sand thickness) tight sand intervals for six distinct vertical and 21 areal units of analysis. These units of analysis represent tight gas potential outside current areas of development. For each unit of analysis, a ``typical`` well was modeled to represent the costs, recovery and economics of near-term drilling prospects in that unit. Technically recoverable gas was calculated using reservoir properties and assumptions about current formation evaluation and extraction technology performance. Basin-specific capital and operating costs were incorporated along with taxes, royalties and current regulations to estimate the minimum required wellhead gas price required to make the typical well in each of unit of analysis economic.

  20. Evaluate Potential Means of Rebuilding Sturgeon Populations in the Snake River between Lower Granite and Hells Canyon Dams, 2001 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Everett, Scott R.; Tuell, Michael A.

    2003-03-01

    The specific research goal of this project is to identify means to restore and rebuild the Snake River white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) population to support a sustainable annual subsistence harvest equivalent to 5 kg/ha/yr (CBFWA 1997). Based on data collected, a white sturgeon adaptive management plan will be developed. This 2001 annual report covers the fifth year of sampling of this multi-year study. In 2001 white sturgeon were captured, marked, and population data were collected in the Snake and Salmon rivers. The Snake River was sampled between Lower Granite Dam (rkm 174) and the mouth of the Salmon River (rkm 303), and the Salmon River was sampled from its mouth upstream to Hammer Creek (rkm 84). A total of 45,907 hours of setline effort and 186 hours of hook-and-line effort was employed in 2001. A total of 390 white sturgeon were captured and tagged in the Snake River and 12 in the Salmon River. Since 1997, 36.1 percent of the tagged white sturgeon have been recaptured. In the Snake River, white sturgeon ranged in total length from 42 cm to 307 cm and averaged 107 cm. In the Salmon River, white sturgeon ranged in total length from 66 cm to 235 cm and averaged 160 cm. Using the Jolly-Seber model, the abundance of white sturgeon <60 cm, between Lower Granite Dam and the mouth of the Salmon River, was estimated at 2,483 fish, with a 95% confidence interval of 1,208-7,477. An additional 10 white sturgeon were fitted with radio-tags during 2001. The locations of 17 radio-tagged white sturgeon were monitored in 2001. The movement of these fish ranged from 38.6 km (24 miles) downstream to 54.7 km (34 miles) upstream; however, 62.6 percent of the detected movement was less than 0.8 km (0.5 mile). Both radio-tagged fish and recaptured white sturgeon in Lower Granite Reservoir appear to move more than fish in the free-flowing segment of the Snake River. No seasonal movement pattern was detected, and no movement pattern was detected for different size fish. Differences were detected in the length frequency distributions of white sturgeon in Lower Granite Reservoir and the free-flowing Snake River (Chi-Square test, P<0.05). The proportion of white sturgeon greater than 92 cm (total length) in the free-flowing Snake River has shown an increase of 30 percent since the 1970's. Analysis of the length-weight relationship indicated that white sturgeon in Lower Granite Reservoir had a higher relative weight factor than white sturgeon in the free-flowing Snake River. A von Bertalanffy growth curve was fitted to 309 aged white sturgeon. The results suggest fish are currently growing faster than fish historically inhabiting the study area, as well as other Columbia River basin white sturgeon populations. Artificial substrate mats were used to document white sturgeon spawning. A total of 14 white sturgeon eggs were recovered in the Snake River in 2001.

  1. Evaluate Potential Means of Rebuilding Sturgeon Populations in the Snake River between Lower Granite and Hells Canyon Dams, 2000 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Everett, Scott R.; Tuell, Michael A.

    2003-03-01

    The specific research goal of this project is to identify means to restore and rebuild the Snake River white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) population to support a sustainable annual subsistence harvest equivalent to 5 kg/ha/yr (CBFWA 1997). Based on data collected, a white sturgeon adaptive management plan will be developed. This 2000 annual report covers the fourth year of sampling of this multi-year study. In 2000 white sturgeon were captured, marked, and population data were collected in the Snake and Salmon rivers. The Snake River was sampled between Lower Granite Dam (rkm 174) and the mouth of the Salmon River (rkm 303), and the Salmon River was sampled from its mouth upstream to Hammer Creek (rkm 84). A total of 53,277 hours of setline effort and 630 hours of hook-and-line effort was employed in 2000. A total of 538 white sturgeon were captured and tagged in the Snake River and 25 in the Salmon River. Since 1997, 32.8 percent of the tagged white sturgeon have been recaptured. In the Snake River, white sturgeon ranged in total length from 48 cm to 271 cm and averaged 107 cm. In the Salmon River, white sturgeon ranged in total length from 103 cm to 227 cm and averaged 163 cm. Using the Jolly-Seber open population estimator, the abundance of white sturgeon <60 cm, between Lower Granite Dam and the mouth of the Salmon River, was estimated at 2,725 fish, with a 95% confidence interval of 1,668-5,783. A total of 10 white sturgeon were fitted with radio-tags. The movement of these fish ranged from 54.7 km (34 miles) downstream to 78.8 km (49 miles) upstream; however, 43.6 percent of the detected movement was less than 0.8 km (0.5 mile). Both radio-tagged fish and recaptured white sturgeon in Lower Granite Reservoir appear to move more than fish in the free-flowing segment of the Snake River. No seasonal movement pattern was detected, and no movement pattern was detected for different size fish. Differences were detected in the length frequency distributions of white sturgeon in Lower Granite Reservoir and the free-flowing Snake River (Chi-Square test, P<0.05). The proportion of white sturgeon greater than 92 cm (total length) in the free-flowing Snake River has shown an increase of 31 percent since the 1970's. Analysis of the length-weight relationship indicated that white sturgeon in Lower Granite Reservoir had a higher relative weight factor than white sturgeon in the free-flowing Snake River. A von Bertalanffy growth curve was fitted to 138 aged white sturgeon. The results suggests fish are currently growing faster than fish historically inhabiting the study area, as well as other Columbia River basin white sturgeon populations. Artificial substrate mats were used to document white sturgeon spawning. A total of 34 white sturgeon eggs were recovered: 27 in the Snake River, and seven in the Salmon River.

  2. Evaluate Potenial Means of Rebuilding Sturgeon Populations in the Snake River between Lower Granite and Hells Canyon Dams, 2002 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Everett, Scott R.; Tuell, Michael A.; Hesse, Jay A.

    2004-02-01

    The specific research goal of this project is to identify means to restore and rebuild the Snake River white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) population to support a sustainable annual subsistence harvest equivalent to 5 kg/ha/yr (CBFWA 1997). Based on data collected, a white sturgeon adaptive management plan will be developed. This report presents a summary of results from the 1997-2002 Phase II data collection and represents the end of phase II. From 1997 to 2001 white sturgeon were captured, marked, and population data were collected in the Snake and Salmon. A total of 1,785 white sturgeon were captured and tagged in the Snake River and 77 in the Salmon River. Since 1997, 25.8 percent of the tagged white sturgeon have been recaptured. Relative density of white sturgeon was highest in the free-flowing segment of the Snake River, with reduced densities of fish in Lower Granite Reservoir, and low densities the Salmon River. Differences were detected in the length frequency distributions of white sturgeon in Lower Granite Reservoir, the free-flowing Snake River and the Salmon River (Chi-Square test, P<0.05). The proportion of white sturgeon greater than 92 cm (total length) in the free-flowing Snake River has shown an increase of 30 percent since the 1970's. Using the Jolly-Seber model, the abundance of white sturgeon <60 cm, between Lower Granite Dam and the mouth of the Salmon River, was estimated at 2,483 fish, with a 95% confidence interval of 1,208-7,477. Total annual mortality rate was estimated to be 0.14 (95% confidence interval of 0.12 to 0.17). A total of 35 white sturgeon were fitted with radio-tags during 1999-2002. The movement of these fish ranged from 53 km (33 miles) downstream to 77 km (48 miles) upstream; however, 38.8 percent of the detected movement was less than 0.8 km (0.5 mile). Both radio-tagged fish and recaptured white sturgeon in Lower Granite Reservoir appear to move more than fish in the free-flowing segment of the Snake River. No seasonal movement pattern was detected, and no movement pattern was detected for different size fish. Analysis of the length-weight relationship indicated that white sturgeon in Lower Granite Reservoir had a higher relative weight factor than white sturgeon in the free-flowing Snake River. The results suggest fish are currently growing faster than fish historically inhabiting the study area, as well as other Columbia River basin white sturgeon populations. Artificial substrate egg mats documented white sturgeon spawning in four consecutive years. A total of 49 white sturgeon eggs were recovered in the Snake River from 1999-2002, and seven from the Salmon River during 2000.

  3. ~tx22C0.ptx

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    + + + + + STUDYING THE COMMUNICATIONS REQUIREMENTS OF ELECTRIC UTILITIES TO INFORM FEDERAL SMART GRID POLICIES + + + + + PUBLIC MEETING + + + + + THURSDAY, JUNE 17, 2010 + + + + + The Public Meeting was held in Room 8E069 at the Department of Energy, Forrestal Building, 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C., at 10:00 a.m., Scott Blake Harris, Chair, presiding. PRESENT: BECKY BLALOCK SHERMAN J. ELLIOTT LYNNE ELLYN SCOTT BLAKE HARRIS JIM INGRAHAM JIM L. JONES MICHAEL LANMAN KYLE

  4. ~txF74.ptx

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 19, 2011 + + + + + The Electricity Advisory Committee met in the Conference Center of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association Headquarters, 4301 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, Virginia, at 2:00 p.m., Richard Cowart, Chair, presiding. MEMBERS PRESENT RICHARD COWART, Regulatory Assistance Project, Chair THE HONORABLE ROBERT CURRY, New York State Public Service Commission JOSE DELGADO, American Transmission Company (Ret.) ROGER DUNCAN, Austin Energy (Ret.) ROBERT

  5. US WSC TX Site Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Energy Consumption Survey www.eia.govconsumptionresidential Space heating Water heating Air conditioning Appliances, electronics, lighting Household Energy Use in Texas A ...

  6. About ZERH Sessions: Austin, TX

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    10:00 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. An Overview: What is it, and how do I participate?This session discusses the critical components that define a truly zero energy ready home (ZERH), how builders are able to...

  7. Building America Case Study: Investigating Solutions to Wind Washing Issues in Two-Story Florida Homes Phase 2, Southeastern United States (Fact Sheet), Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Investigating Solutions to Wind Washing Issues in Two-Story Florida Homes: Phase 2 Southeastern United States PROJECT INFORMATION Project Name: Investigating Solutions to Wind Washing Issues in Two-Story Florida Homes: Phase 2 Location: Central and north Florida Partners: Florida Power & Light, fpl.com Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, ba-pirc.org Building Component: Attic-floor cavity intersections Application: Retrofit, single-family Years Tested:

  8. Evaluate Potential Means of Rebuilding Sturgeon Populations in the Snake River between Lower Granite and Hells Canyon Dams, 1997 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoefs, Nancy

    2004-02-01

    During 1997 the first phase of the Nez Perce Tribe White Sturgeon Project was completed and the second phase was initiated. During Phase I the ''Upper Snake River White Sturgeon Biological Assessment'' was completed, successfully: (1) compiling regional white sturgeon management objectives, and (2) identifying potential mitigation actions needed to rebuild the white sturgeon population in the Snake River between Hells Canyon and Lower Granite dams. Risks and uncertainties associated with implementation of these potential mitigative actions could not be fully assessed because critical information concerning the status of the population and their habitat requirements were unknown. The biological risk assessment identified the fundamental information concerning the white sturgeon population that is needed to fully evaluate the effectiveness of alternative mitigative strategies. Accordingly, a multi-year research plan was developed to collect specific biological and environmental data needed to assess the health and status of the population and characterize habitat used for spawning and rearing. In addition, in 1997 Phase II of the project was initiated. White sturgeon were captured, marked, and population data were collected between Lower Granite Dam and the mouth of the Salmon River. During 1997, 316 white sturgeon were captured in the Snake River. Of these, 298 were marked. Differences in the fork length frequency distributions of the white sturgeon were not affected by collection method. No significant differences in length frequency distributions of sturgeon captured in Lower Granite Reservoir and the mid- and upper free-flowing reaches of the Snake River were detected. The length frequency distribution indicated that white sturgeon between 92 and 183 cm are prevalent in the reaches of the Snake River that were sampled. However, white sturgeon >183 have not changed markedly since 1970. I would speculate that some factor other than past over-fishing practices is limiting the recruitment of white sturgeon into larger size classes (>183 cm). Habitat, food resources, and migration have been severely altered by the impoundment of the Snake River and it appears that the recruitment of young may not be severely affected as recruitment of fish into size classes > 183 cm.

  9. Evaluate Potential Means of Rebuilding Sturgeon Populations in the Snake River between Lower Granite and Hells Canyon Dams, 1999 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tuell, Michael A.; Everett, Scott R.

    2003-03-01

    The specific research goal of this project is to identify means to restore and rebuild the Snake River white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) population to support a sustainable annual subsistence harvest equivalent to 5 kg/ha/yr (CBFWA 1997). Based on data collected, a white sturgeon adaptive management plan will be developed. This 1999 annual report covers the third year of sampling of this multi-year study. In 1999 white sturgeon were captured, marked and population data were collected in the Snake and Salmon rivers. A total of 33,943 hours of setline effort and 2,112 hours of hook-and-line effort was employed in 1999. A total of 289 white sturgeon were captured and tagged in the Snake River and 29 in the Salmon River. Since 1997, 11.1 percent of the tagged white sturgeon have been recaptured. In the Snake River, white sturgeon ranged in total length from 27 cm to 261 cm and averaged 110 cm. In the Salmon River, white sturgeon ranged in total length from 98 cm to 244 cm and averaged 183.5 cm. Using the Jolly-Seber model, the abundance of white sturgeon < 60 cm, between Lower Granite Dam and the mouth of the Salmon River, was estimated at 1,823 fish, with a 95% confidence interval of 1,052-4,221. A total of 15 white sturgeon were fitted with radio-tags. The movement of these fish ranged from 6.4 km (4 miles) downstream to 13.7 km (8.5 miles) upstream; however, 83.6 percent of the detected movement was less than 0.8 kilometers (0.5 miles). Both radio-tagged fish and recaptured white sturgeon in Lower Granite Reservoir appear to move more than fish in the free-flowing segment of the Snake River. No seasonal movement pattern was detected, and no movement pattern was detected for different size fish. Differences were detected in the length frequency distributions of white sturgeon in Lower Granite Reservoir and the free-flowing Snake River (Chi-Square test, P < 0.05). The proportion of white sturgeon greater than 92 cm (total length) in the free-flowing Snake River has shown an increase of 29 percent since the 1970's. Analysis of the length-weight relationship indicated that white sturgeon in Lower Granite Reservoir were slightly larger than white sturgeon in the free-flowing Snake River. A von Bertalanffy growth curve was fitted to 49 aged white sturgeon. The results suggests the fish are currently growing faster than fish historicly inhabiting the study area, as well as other Columbia River basin white sturgeon populations. Artificial substrate mats were used to document white sturgeon spawning. Five white sturgeon eggs were recovered in the Snake River.

  10. Irreversible Wash Aid Additive for Cesium Mitigation: Phase II. Selection and/or Modification of COTS Field Portable Waste Water Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaminski, Michael; Mertz, Carol; Kivenas, Nadia; Magnuson, Matthew

    2015-01-01

    After an accidental or malicious release of radioactivity, large urban areas may be contaminated, compromising response efforts by first responders and law enforcement officials. In addition, some public services (e.g., drinking water and wastewater treatment, electrical power distribution, etc.) may be disrupted. In such an event, it may be important to deploy mitigation efforts in certain areas to restore response activities and public services (Fig. S-1). This report explores the state-of-the-art approach for a system to rapidly return critical infrastructure components to service following a cesium-137 (Cs-137) radiological dispersal device (RDD) release while avoiding the spread of Cs-137 beyond its original deposition area and minimizing the amount of Cs-137-contaminated wastewater. Specifically, we describe a wash system consisting of chemical additives added to fire hydrant water and irreversible solid sequestering agents added as the water is collected and treated for recycle in situ. The wash system is intended to be a rapidly deployable, cost-effective means of mitigating an urban setting for the purpose of restoring critical infrastructure and operational activities after a radiological release.

  11. Trace rare earth element analysis in briny groundwaters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laul, J.C.; Lepel, E.A.; Smith, M.R.

    1986-08-01

    A rare-earth element (REE) group separation scheme has been developed. REE data for two briny groundwaters representing Granite Wash and Wolfcamp Carbonate formations are reported. (DLC)

  12. Investigation of exfoliation joints in Navajo sandstone at the Zion National Park and in granite at the Yosemite National Park by tectonofractographic techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bahat, D.; Grossenbacher, K.; Karasaki, K.

    1995-04-01

    Tectonofractographic techniques have been applied to the study of joint exfoliation in the Navajo sandstone at Zion National Park and in the granite at Yosemite National Park. New types of fracture surface morphologies have been observed which enabled the discerning of incipient joints and consequent fracture growth in these rocks. Incipient jointing in the sandstone is mostly manifested by elliptical and circular fractures (meters to tens meters across) initiating from independent origins. They interfere with each other and grow to larger circular fractures producing exfoliation surfaces up to hundreds of meters across. Less frequently, series of large concentric undulations demonstrate the propagation of a large fracture front producing exfoliation from an individual origin. One such fracture front reveals refraction of undulations at a layer boundary. Certain en echelon fringes surround the joint mirror plane with well defined rims of en echelons and hackles which enable the determination of the tensile fracture stress, {sigma}f. Arches in Zion National Park are ubiquitous in shape and size, revealing stages in their evolution by a mechanical process, which was associated with exfoliation, but independent of local faulting. Exfoliation and arching mostly occurred on vertical surfaces of N-NNW and NE sets of prominent joints, but there are also deviations from this general trend. In Yosemite National Park large exfoliations (hundreds of meters in size) developed on the El Capitan cliff by the interaction and merging of many previous smaller incipient joints that vary in size from meters to tens of meter.

  13. Spent Fuel Test-Climax: An evaluation of the technical feasibility of geologic storage of spent nuclear fuel in granite: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patrick, W.C.

    1986-03-30

    In the Climax stock granite on the Nevada Test Site, eleven canisters of spent nuclear reactor fuel were emplaced, and six electrical simulators were energized. When test data indicated that the test objectives were met during the 3-year storage phase, the spent-fuel canisters were retrieved and the thermal sources were de-energized. The project demonstrated the feasibility of packaging, transporting, storing, and retrieving highly radioactive fuel assemblies in a safe and reliable manner. In addition to emplacement and retrieval operations, three exchanges of spent-fuel assemblies between the SFT-C and a surface storage facility, conducted during the storage phase, furthered this demonstration. The test led to development of a technical measurements program. To meet these objectives, nearly 1000 instruments and a computer-based data acquisition system were deployed. Geotechnical, seismological, and test status data were recorded on a continuing basis for the three-year storage phase and six-month monitored cool-down of the test. This report summarizes the engineering and scientific endeavors which led to successful design and execution of the test. The design, fabrication, and construction of all facilities and handling systems are discussed, in the context of test objectives and a safety assessment. The discussion progresses from site characterization and experiment design through data acquisition and analysis of test data in the context of design calculations. 117 refs., 52 figs., 81 tabs.

  14. U.S. Total Exports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX Clint, TX Del Rio, TX Eagle Pass, TX El Paso, TX Freeport, TX Hidalgo, TX Laredo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX Rio Bravo, TX Rio Grande, TX Roma, TX Total ...

  15. Passage Distribution and Federal Columbia River Power System Survival for Steelhead Kelts Tagged Above and at Lower Granite Dam, Year 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colotelo, Alison H.A.; Harnish, Ryan A.; Jones, Bryan W.; Hanson, Amanda C.; Trott, Donna M.; Greiner, Michael J.; Mcmichael, Geoffrey A.; Ham, Kenneth D.; Deng, Zhiqun; Brown, Richard S.; Weiland, Mark A.; Li, Xinya; Fu, Tao

    2014-12-15

    Steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) populations have declined throughout their range in the last century and many populations, including those of the Snake River Basin are listed under the Endangered Species Act of 1973. The reasons for their decline are many and complex, but include habitat loss and degradation, overharvesting, and dam construction. The 2008 Biological Opinion calls for an increase in the abundance of female steelhead through an increase in iteroparity (i.e., repeat spawning) and this can be realized through a combination of reconditioning and in-river survival of migrating kelts. The goal of this study is to provide the data necessary to inform fisheries managers and dam operators of Snake River kelt migration patterns, survival, and routes of dam passage. Steelhead kelts (n = 487) were captured and implanted with acoustic transmitters and passive integrated transponder (PIT)-tags at the Lower Granite Dam (LGR) Juvenile Fish Facility and at weirs located in tributaries of the Snake and Clearwater rivers upstream of LGR. Kelts were monitored as they moved downstream through the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) by 15 autonomous and 3 cabled acoustic receiver arrays. Cabled receiver arrays deployed on the dam faces allowed for three-dimensional tracking of fish as they approached the dam face and were used to determine the route of dam passage. Overall, 27.3% of the kelts tagged in this study successfully migrated to Martin Bluff (rkm 126, as measured from the mouth of the Columbia River), which is located downstream of all FCRPS dams. Within individual river reaches, survival per kilometer estimates ranged from 0.958 to 0.999; the lowest estimates were observed in the immediate forebay of FCRPS dams. Steelhead kelts tagged in this study passed over the spillway routes (spillway weirs, traditional spill bays) in greater proportions and survived at higher rates compared to the few fish passed through powerhouse routes (turbines and juvenile bypass systems). The results of this study provide information about the route of passage and subsequent survival of steelhead kelts that migrated through the Snake and Columbia rivers from LGR to Bonneville Dam in 2013. These data may be used by fisheries managers and dam operators to identify potential ways to increase the survival of kelts during their seaward migrations.

  16. Passage Distribution and Federal Columbia River Power System Survival for Steelhead Kelts Tagged Above and at Lower Granite Dam, Year 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colotelo, Alison HA; Harnish, Ryan A.; Jones, Bryan W.; Hanson, Amanda C.; Trott, Donna M.; Greiner, Michael J.; McMichael, Geoffrey A.; Ham, Kenneth D.; Deng, Zhiqun; Brown, Richard S.; Weiland, Mark A.; Li, X.; Fu, Tao

    2014-03-28

    Steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) populations have declined throughout their range in the last century and many populations, including those of the Snake River Basin are listed under the Endangered Species Act of 1973. The reasons for their decline are many and complex, but include habitat loss and degradation, overharvesting, and dam construction. The 2008 Biological Opinion calls for an increase in the abundance of female steelhead through an increase in iteroparity (i.e., repeat spawning) and this can be realized through a combination of reconditioning and in-river survival of migrating kelts. The goal of this study is to provide the data necessary to inform fisheries managers and dam operators of Snake River kelt migration patterns, survival, and routes of dam passage. Steelhead kelts (n = 487) were captured and implanted with acoustic transmitters and passive integrated transponder (PIT)-tags at the Lower Granite Dam (LGR) Juvenile Fish Facility and at weirs located in tributaries of the Snake and Clearwater rivers upstream of LGR. Kelts were monitored as they moved downstream through the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) by 15 autonomous and 3 cabled acoustic receiver arrays. Cabled receiver arrays deployed on the dam faces allowed for three-dimensional tracking of fish as they approached the dam face and were used to determine the route of dam passage. Overall, 27.3% of the kelts tagged in this study successfully migrated to Martin Bluff (rkm 126, as measured from the mouth of the Columbia River), which is located downstream of all FCRPS dams. Within individual river reaches, survival per kilometer estimates ranged from 0.958 to 0.999; the lowest estimates were observed in the immediate forebay of FCRPS dams. Steelhead kelts tagged in this study passed over the spillway routes (spillway weirs, traditional spill bays) in greater proportions and survived at higher rates compared to the few fish passed through powerhouse routes (turbines and juvenile bypass systems). The results of this study provide information about the route of passage and subsequent survival of steelhead kelts that migrated through the Snake and Columbia rivers from LGR to Bonneville Dam in 2013. These data may be used by fisheries managers and dam operators to identify potential ways to increase the survival of kelts during their seaward migrations.

  17. Contribution of atom-probe tomography to a better understanding of glass alteration mechanisms: application to a nuclear glass specimen altered 25 years in a granitic environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gin, Stephane; Ryan, Joseph V.; Schreiber, Daniel K.; Neeway, James J.; Cabie, M.

    2013-06-26

    We report and discuss results of atom probe tomography (APT) and energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy (EFTEM) applied to a borosilicate glass sample of nuclear interest altered for nearly 26 years at 90°C in a confined granitic medium in order to better understand the rate-limiting mechanisms under conditions representative of a deep geological repository for vitrified radioactive waste. The APT technique allows the 3D reconstruction of the elemental distribution at the reactive interphase with sub-nanometer precision. Profiles of the B distribution at pristine glass/hydrated glass interface obtained by different techniques are compared to show the challenge of accurate measurements of diffusion profiles at this buried interface on the nanometer length scale. Our results show that 1) Alkali from the glass and hydrogen from the solution exhibit anti-correlated 15 ± 3 nm wide gradients located between the pristine glass and the hydrated glass layer, 2) boron exhibits an unexpectedly sharp profile located just at the outside of the alkali/H interdiffusion layer; this sharp profile is more consistent with a dissolution front than a diffusion-controlled release of boron. The resulting apparent diffusion coefficients derived from the Li and H profiles are DLi = 1.5 × 10-22 m2.s-1 and DH = 6.8 × 10-23 m2.s-1. These values are around two orders of magnitude lower than those observed at the very beginning of the alteration process, which suggests that interdiffusion is slowed at high reaction progress by local conditions that could be related to the porous structure of the interphase. As a result, the accessibility of water to the pristine glass could be the rate-limiting step in these conditions. More generally, these findings strongly support the importance of interdiffusion coupled with hydrolysis reactions of the silicate network on the long-term dissolution rate, contrary to what has been suggested by recent interfacial dissolution-precipitation models for silicate minerals.

  18. Contribution of atom-probe tomography to a better understanding of glass alteration mechanisms: application to a nuclear glass specimen altered 25 years in a granitic environment

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gin, Stephane; Ryan, Joseph V.; Schreiber, Daniel K.; Neeway, James J.; Cabie, M.

    2013-06-26

    We report and discuss results of atom probe tomography (APT) and energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy (EFTEM) applied to a borosilicate glass sample of nuclear interest altered for nearly 26 years at 90°C in a confined granitic medium in order to better understand the rate-limiting mechanisms under conditions representative of a deep geological repository for vitrified radioactive waste. The APT technique allows the 3D reconstruction of the elemental distribution at the reactive interphase with sub-nanometer precision. Profiles of the B distribution at pristine glass/hydrated glass interface obtained by different techniques are compared to show the challenge of accurate measurements of diffusionmore » profiles at this buried interface on the nanometer length scale. Our results show that 1) Alkali from the glass and hydrogen from the solution exhibit anti-correlated 15 ± 3 nm wide gradients located between the pristine glass and the hydrated glass layer, 2) boron exhibits an unexpectedly sharp profile located just at the outside of the alkali/H interdiffusion layer; this sharp profile is more consistent with a dissolution front than a diffusion-controlled release of boron. The resulting apparent diffusion coefficients derived from the Li and H profiles are DLi = 1.5 × 10-22 m2.s-1 and DH = 6.8 × 10-23 m2.s-1. These values are around two orders of magnitude lower than those observed at the very beginning of the alteration process, which suggests that interdiffusion is slowed at high reaction progress by local conditions that could be related to the porous structure of the interphase. As a result, the accessibility of water to the pristine glass could be the rate-limiting step in these conditions. More generally, these findings strongly support the importance of interdiffusion coupled with hydrolysis reactions of the silicate network on the long-term dissolution rate, contrary to what has been suggested by recent interfacial dissolution-precipitation models for silicate minerals.« less

  19. Monitoring and Evaluation of Smolt Migration in the Columbia Basin : Volume XV : Evaluation of the 2007 Predictions of the Run-Timing of Wild and Hatchery-Reared Salmon and Steelhead Smolts to Rock Island, Lower Granite, McNary, John Day, and Bonneville Dams using Program RealTime.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griswold, Jim; Townsend, Richard L.; Skalski, John R.

    2008-12-01

    Program RealTime provided monitoring and forecasting of the 2007 inseason outmigrations via the internet for 26 PIT-tagged stocks of wild ESU Chinook salmon and steelhead to Lower Granite and/or McNary dams, one PIT-tagged hatchery-reared ESU of sockeye salmon to Lower Granite Dam, one PIT-tagged wild stock of sockeye salmon to McNary Dam, and 20 passage-indexed runs-at-large, five each to Rock Island, McNary, John Day, and Bonneville dams. Nineteen stocks are of wild yearling Chinook salmon which were captured, PIT-tagged, and released at sites above Lower Granite Dam in 2007 and have at least one year's historical migration data previous to the 2007 migration. These stocks originate in 19 tributaries of the Salmon, Grande Ronde and Clearwater Rivers, all tributaries to the Snake River, and are subsequently detected through tag identification and monitored at Lower Granite Dam. Seven wild PIT-tagged runs-at-large of Snake or Upper Columbia River ESU salmon and steelhead were monitored at McNary Dam. Three wild PIT-tagged runs-at-large were monitored at Lower Granite Dam, consisting of the yearling and subyearling Chinook salmon and the steelhead runs. The hatchery-reared PIT-tagged sockeye salmon stock from Redfish Lake was monitored outmigrating through Lower Granite Dam. Passage-indexed stocks (stocks monitored by FPC passage indices) included combined wild and hatchery runs-at-large of subyearling and yearling Chinook, coho, and sockeye salmon, and steelhead forecasted to Rock Island, McNary, John Day, and Bonneville dams.

  20. Monitoring and Evaluation of Smolt Migration in the Columbia Basin, Volume XIV; Evaluation of 2006 Prediction of the Run-Timing of Wild and Hatchery-Reared Salmon and Steelhead at Rock Island, Lower Granite, McNary, John Day and Bonneville Dams using Program Real Time, Technical Report 2006.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griswold, Jim

    2007-01-01

    Program RealTime provided monitoring and forecasting of the 2006 inseason outmigrations via the internet for 32 PIT-tagged stocks of wild ESU chinook salmon and steelhead to Lower Granite and/or McNary dams, one PIT-tagged hatchery-reared ESU of sockeye salmon to Lower Granite Dam, and 20 passage-indexed runs-at-large, five each to Rock Island, McNary, John Day, and Bonneville Dams. Twenty-four stocks are of wild yearling chinook salmon which were captured, PIT-tagged, and released at sites above Lower Granite Dam in 2006, and have at least one year's historical migration data previous to the 2006 migration. These stocks originate in drainages of the Salmon, Grande Ronde and Clearwater Rivers, all tributaries to the Snake River, and are subsequently detected through the tag identification and monitored at Lower Granite Dam. In addition, seven wild PIT-tagged runs-at-large of Snake or Upper Columbia River ESU salmon and steelhead were monitored at McNary Dam. Three wild PIT-tagged runs-at-large were monitored at Lower Granite Dam, consisting of the yearling and subyearling chinook salmon and the steelhead trout runs. The hatchery-reared PIT-tagged sockeye salmon stock from Redfish Lake was monitored outmigrating through Lower Granite Dam. Passage-indexed stocks (stocks monitored by FPC passage indices) included combined wild and hatchery runs-at-large of subyearling and yearling chinook, coho, and sockeye salmon, and steelhead trout forecasted to Rock Island, McNary, John Day, and Bonneville Dams.

  1. TX, RRC District 1 Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    26 144 436 1,266 1,324 1,427 1996-2014 Lease Condensate (million bbls) 6 28 128 257 158 233 1998-2014 Total Gas (billion cu ft) 743 1,725 3,627 6,524 4,317 7,542 1996-2014 Nonassociated Gas (billion cu ft) 719 1,545 2,960 4,532 2,079 4,721 1996-2014 Associated Gas (billion cu ft) 24 180 667 1,992 2,238 2,821

  2. TX, RRC District 10 Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9 35 51 70 70 46 1996-2014 Lease Condensate (million bbls) 27 55 54 59 41 68 1998-2014 Total Gas (billion cu ft) 2,325 3,353 2,954 2,906 2,062 2,744 1996-2014 Nonassociated Gas (billion cu ft) 2,162 3,138 2,633 2,579 1,728 2,486 1996-2014 Associated Gas (billion cu ft) 163 215 321 327 334 258

  3. TX, RRC District 5 Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 1 29 12 28 1996-2014 Lease Condensate (million bbls) 0 0 0 0 0 0 1998-2014 Total Gas (billion cu ft) 9,039 9,340 8,784 3,255 2,729 3,216 1996-2014 Nonassociated Gas (billion cu ft) 9,039 9,340 8,779 3,237 2,724 3,201 1996-2014 Associated Gas (billion cu ft) 0 0 5 18 5 15

  4. TX, RRC District 6 Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 11 16 32 18 40 1996-2014 Lease Condensate (million bbls) 21 34 25 39 27 42 1998-2014 Total Gas (billion cu ft) 5,690 7,090 6,712 4,849 4,273 4,458 1996-2014 Nonassociated Gas (billion cu ft) 5,671 6,977 6,596 4,643 4,087 4,373 1996-2014 Associated Gas (billion cu ft) 19 113 116 206 186 8

  5. TX, RRC District 8 Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    679 790 934 1,144 1,057 1,441 1996-2014 Lease Condensate (million bbls) 6 44 19 29 30 20 1998-2014 Total Gas (billion cu ft) 2,469 2,518 2,891 2,626 2,752 3,333 1996-2014 Nonassociated Gas (billion cu ft) 1,427 1,157 991 335 402 368 1996-2014 Associated Gas (billion cu ft) 1,042 1,361 1,900 2,291 2,350 2,965

  6. TX, RRC District 9 Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 21 20 32 20 39 1996-2014 Lease Condensate (million bbls) 8 8 12 8 10 4 1998-2014 Total Gas (billion cu ft) 4,168 4,274 2,974 2,824 2,455 2,133 1996-2014 Nonassociated Gas (billion cu ft) 3,935 4,043 2,724 2,452 2,236 1,763 1996-2014 Associated Gas (billion cu ft) 233 231 250 372 219 370

  7. TX, State Offshore Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 0 1 0 0 0 1996-2014 Lease Condensate (million bbls) 2 0 1 0 1 0 1998-2014 Total Gas (billion cu ft) 61 29 29 24 15 10 1996-2014 Nonassociated Gas (billion cu ft) 59 29 25 22 13 10 1996-2014 Associated Gas (billion cu ft) 2 0 4 2 2 0

  8. Roma, TX Natural Gas Exports to Mexico

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    36,813 65,794 133,769 138,340 154,471 168,049 1999-2015 Pipeline Prices 4.55 4.14 2.86 3.80 4.62 2.79

  9. ~txF7D.ptx

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    THURSDAY OCTOBER 20, 2011 + + + + + The Electricity Advisory Committee met, in the Conference Center of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association Headquarters, 4301 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, Virginia, at 8:00 a.m., Richard Cowart, Chair, presiding. MEMBERS PRESENT RICHARD COWART, Regulatory Assistance Project, Chair RICK BOWEN, Alcoa RALPH CAVANAGH, Natural Resources Defense Council THE HONORABLE ROBERT CURRY, New York State Public Service Commission JOSE DELGADO, American

  10. Micro-Grids for Colonias (TX)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dean Schneider; Michael Martin; Renee Berry; Charles Moyer

    2012-07-31

    This report describes the results of the final implementation and testing of a hybrid micro-grid system designed for off-grid applications in underserved Colonias along the Texas/Mexico border. The project is a federally funded follow-on to a project funded by the Texas State Energy Conservation Office in 2007 that developed and demonstrated initial prototype hybrid generation systems consisting of a proprietary energy storage technology, high efficiency charging and inverting systems, photovoltaic cells, a wind turbine, and bio-diesel generators. This combination of technologies provided continuous power to dwellings that are not grid connected, with a significant savings in fuel by allowing power generation at highly efficient operating conditions. The objective of this project was to complete development of the prototype systems and to finalize and engineering design; to install and operate the systems in the intended environment, and to evaluate the technical and economic effectiveness of the systems. The objectives of this project were met. This report documents the final design that was achieved and includes the engineering design documents for the system. The system operated as designed, with the system availability limited by maintenance requirements of the diesel gensets. Overall, the system achieved a 96% availability over the operation of the three deployed systems. Capital costs of the systems were dependent upon both the size of the generation system and the scope of the distribution grid, but, in this instance, the systems averaged $0.72/kWh delivered. This cost would decrease significantly as utilization of the system increased. The system with the highest utilization achieved a capitol cost amortized value of $0.34/kWh produced. The average amortized fuel and maintenance cost was $0.48/kWh which was dependent upon the amount of maintenance required by the diesel generator. Economically, the system is difficult to justify as an alternative to grid power. However, the operational costs are reasonable if grid power is unavailable, e.g. in a remote area or in a disaster recovery situation. In fact, avoided fuel costs for the smaller of the systems in use during this project would have a payback of the capital costs of that system in 2.3 years, far short of the effective system life.

  11. Microsoft Word - abstract-lacognata-tx_2012

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ASTROPHYSICAL ENERGIES Dr. M. La Cognata INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania, Italy ABSTRACT The 19 F(p,) 16 O reaction is an important fluorine destruction channel in ...

  12. Clint, TX Natural Gas Exports to Mexico

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    87,449 96,722 101,585 108,573 123,670 126,022 1997-2015 Pipeline Prices 4.61 4.29 3.08 4.05 4.68 2.70 1997

  13. Hidalgo, TX Natural Gas Exports to Mexico

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Pipeline Volumes 284 62 0 0 0 0 1996-2014 Pipeline Prices 4.40 4.21 -- -- -- -- 1996-2014

  14. Hidalgo, TX Natural Gas Exports to Mexico

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 2,506 9,227 14,862 8,817 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices -- -- 3.47 3.92 4.68 2.28 1996

  15. Penitas, TX Natural Gas Exports to Mexico

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Working Gas from Same Month Previous Year (Percent) Producing Region Natural Gas in Underground Storage - Change in Working Gas from Same Month Previous Year (Percent) Pacific Producing Region Natural Gas in Underground Storage - Change in Working Gas from Same Month Previous Year (Percent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 39.40 137.00 162.70 103.50 62.40 34.80 25.30 14.90 12.90 9.80 8.70 -0.90 2016 0.10 -3.90 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  16. Alamo, TX Natural Gas Exports to Mexico

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    3,678 27,479 48,850 72,039 76,111 78,866 1998-2014 Pipeline Prices 3.95 4.50 4.10 2.86 3.81 4.63 1998...

  17. U.S. Total Exports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Mesa, CA Otay Mesa, CA San Diego, CA Alamo, TX Clint, TX Del Rio, TX Eagle Pass, TX El Paso, TX Freeport, TX Hidalgo, TX Laredo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX Rio Bravo, TX Rio ...

  18. Pantex Regional Middle School Science Bowl | U.S. DOE Office...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    TX Collingsworth County, TX Crosby County, TX Dallam County, TX Dawson County, TX Deaf Smith County, TX Donley County, TX Floyd County, TX Gaines County, TX Garza County, TX Gray ...

  19. Pantex Regional High School Science Bowl | U.S. DOE Office of...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    TX Cottle County, TX Crosby County, TX Dallam County, TX Dawson County, TX Deaf Smith County, TX Dickens County, TX Donley County, TX Floyd County, TX Gaines County, TX ...

  20. Results Of Routine Strip Effluent Hold Tank, Decontaminated Salt Solution Hold Tank, And Caustic Wash Tank Samples From Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit During Macrobatch 4 Operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, T. B.; Fink, S. D.

    2012-10-25

    Strip Effluent Hold Tank (SEHT), Decontaminated Salt Solution Hold Tank (DSSHT), and Caustic Wash Tank (CWT) samples from several of the ?microbatches? of Integrated Salt Disposition Project (ISDP) Salt Batch (?Macrobatch?) 4 have been analyzed for {sup 238}Pu, {sup 90}Sr, {sup 137}Cs, and by inductively-coupled plasma emission spectroscopy (ICPES). Furthermore, samples from the CWT have been analyzed by a variety of methods to investigate a decline in the decontamination factor (DF) of the cesium observed at MCU. The results indicate good decontamination performance within process design expectations. While the data set is sparse, the results of this set and the previous set of results for Macrobatch 3 samples indicate generally consistent operations. There is no indication of a disruption in plutonium and strontium removal. The average cesium DF and concentration factor (CF) for samples obtained from Macrobatch 4 are slightly lower than for Macrobatch 3, but still well within operating parameters. The DSSHT samples show continued presence of titanium, likely from leaching of the monosodium titanate in Actinide Removal Process (ARP).

  1. Results Of Routine Strip Effluent Hold Tank, Decontaminated Salt Solution Hold Tank, Caustic Wash Tank And Caustic Storage Tank Samples From Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit During Macrobatch 6 Operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, T. B.

    2014-01-02

    Strip Effluent Hold Tank (SEHT), Decontaminated Salt Solution Hold Tank (DSSHT), Caustic Wash Tank (CWT) and Caustic Storage Tank (CST) samples from the Interim Salt Disposition Project (ISDP) Salt Batch (“Macrobatch”) 6 have been analyzed for 238Pu, 90Sr, 137Cs, and by Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Spectroscopy (ICPES). The Pu, Sr, and Cs results from the current Macrobatch 6 samples are similar to those from comparable samples in previous Macrobatch 5. In addition the SEHT and DSSHT heel samples (i.e. ‘preliminary’) have been analyzed and reported to meet NGS Demonstration Plan requirements. From a bulk chemical point of view, the ICPES results do not vary considerably between this and the previous samples. The titanium results in the DSSHT samples continue to indicate the presence of Ti, when the feed material does not have detectable levels. This most likely indicates that leaching of Ti from MST has increased in ARP at the higher free hydroxide concentrations in the current feed.

  2. Results Of Routine Strip Effluent Hold Tank, Decontaminated Salt Solution Hold Tank, Caustic Wash Tank And Caustic Storage Tank Samples From Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit During Macrobatch 6 Operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, T. B.

    2013-10-01

    Strip Effluent Hold Tank (SEHT), Decontaminated Salt Solution Hold Tank (DSSHT), Caustic Wash Tank (CWT) and Caustic Storage Tank (CST) samples from several of the ''microbatches'' of Integrated Salt Disposition Project (ISDP) Salt Batch (''Macrobatch'') 6 have been analyzed for {sup 238}Pu, {sup 90}Sr, {sup 137}Cs, and by Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Spectroscopy (ICPES). The results from the current microbatch samples are similar to those from comparable samples in Macrobatch 5. From a bulk chemical point of view, the ICPES results do not vary considerably between this and the previous macrobatch. The titanium results in the DSSHT samples continue to indicate the presence of Ti, when the feed material does not have detectable levels. This most likely indicates that leaching of Ti from MST in ARP continues to occur. Both the CST and CWT samples indicate that the target Free OH value of 0.03 has been surpassed. While at this time there is no indication that this has caused an operational problem, the CST should be adjusted into specification. The {sup 137}Cs results from the SRNL as well as F/H lab data indicate a potential decline in cesium decontamination factor. Further samples will be carefully monitored to investigate this.

  3. Large optics inspection, tilting, and washing stand

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ayers, Marion Jay; Ayers, Shannon Lee

    2012-10-09

    A large optics stand provides a risk free means of safely tilting large optics with ease and a method of safely tilting large optics with ease. The optics are supported in the horizontal position by pads. In the vertical plane the optics are supported by saddles that evenly distribute the optics weight over a large area.

  4. Large optics inspection, tilting, and washing stand

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ayers, Marion Jay; Ayers, Shannon Lee

    2010-08-24

    A large optics stand provides a risk free means of safely tilting large optics with ease and a method of safely tilting large optics with ease. The optics are supported in the horizontal position by pads. In the vertical plane the optics are supported by saddles that evenly distribute the optics weight over a large area.

  5. Fine Anthracite Coal Washing Using Spirals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R.P. Killmeyer; P.H. Zandhuis; M.V. Ciocco; W. Weldon; T. West; D. Petrunak

    2001-05-31

    The spiral performed well in cleaning the coarse 8 x 16 mesh size fraction, as demonstrated by the Ep ranging from 0.091 to 0.177. This is in line with typical spiral performance. In addition, the presence of the coarser size fraction did not significantly affect spiral performance on the typical 16 x 100 mesh fraction, in which the Ep ranged from 0.144 to 0.250. Changes in solids concentration and flow rate did not show a clear correlation with spiral performance. However, for difficult-to-clean coals with high near-gravity material, such as this anthracite, a single-stage spiral cleaning such a wide size fraction may not be able to achieve the clean coal ash and yield specifications required. In the first place, while the performance of the spiral on the coarse 8 x 16 mesh fraction is good with regard to Ep, the cutpoints (SG50s) are high (1.87 to 1.92), which may result in a clean coal with a higher-than-desired ash content. And second, the combination of the spiral's higher overall cutpoint (1.80) with the high near-gravity anthracite results in significant misplaced material that increases the clean coal ash error. In a case such as this, one solution may be to reclean the clean coal and middlings from the first-stage spiral in a second stage spiral.

  6. Granite Reliable Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Group Energy Purchaser Green Mountain Power Central Vermont Public Service New England Power Pool Location Milan NH Coordinates 44.74039314, -71.28376007 Show...

  7. Granite Creek Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    "address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map Location Red House, CA County Humboldt County, CA Geothermal Area Geothermal Region Geothermal...

  8. Granite Wind LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind, LLC Place: Redlands, California Zip: 92373 Sector: Wind energy Product: An Apple Valley, California based wind developer. Coordinates: 34.055282, -117.18258 Show...

  9. evan granite | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rare earth elements are used in many consumer products such as fluorescent lighting, computers, and cell phones, as well as being important components of catalysts, sorbents,...

  10. Granite Springs Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ectangles":,"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":,"controls":"pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview","zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoi...

  11. U.S. Department of Energy

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    ... TX ROBERTS INDIAN CREEK 1909833001 TX GREGG LONGVIEW 1976560001 TX SMITH CHAPEL HILL ... TX STEPHENS SHACKELFORD 170 4916171012 TX IRION MERTZON 4916171017 TX SMITH TYLER GAS ...

  12. Alamo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8,101 6,852 6,008 5,844 5,840 4,837 2015 3,440 3,990 6,547 6,431 7,980 6,896 7,411 5,451 5,292 6,185 4,875 4,771 2016 7,203 5,595 - No Data Reported; -- Not Applicable; NA ...

  13. Clint, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.51 4.57 4.11 4.50 4.51 4.73 4.68 4.57 4.21 3.89 3.71 3.63 2012 3.30 2.93 2.62 2.34 2.57 2.82 3.13 3.23 3.07 3.53 3.83 ...

  14. Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.43 4.15 3.95 4.32 4.37 4.58 4.44 4.38 3.88 3.64 3.10

  15. Alamo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.37 4.38 3.92 4.24 4.36 4.46 4.46 4.29 3.88 3.67 3.40 3.31 2012 3.11 2.64 2.28 2.09 2.41 2.48 2.90 3.08 2.80 3.26 3.53 ...

  16. Eagle Pass, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2.52 2.79 2.24 2.35 2000's 3.91 4.45 3.44 5.34 5.95 7.49 6.73 6.72 9.00 4.47 2010's 5.13 4.57 ...

  17. Romas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Price) Mexico (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.54 4.33 3.95 4.33 4.42 4.49 4.47 4.44 3.92 3.66 3.24 3.30 2012 2.81 2.64 2.35 2.09 2.46 2.63 2.93 3.05 2.81 3.23 3.49 ...

  18. Alamo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA NA 2000's 4.49 4.12 3.35 5.36 5.97 7.17 6.62 7.11 8.40 3.95 2010's 4.50 4.10 2.86 3.81 4.63 ...

  19. Clint, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2.24 1.99 2.22 2000's 3.95 4.28 3.16 5.50 5.91 8.01 6.42 6.37 7.83 3.78 2010's 4.61 4.29 3.08 ...

  20. Galvan Ranch, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 3.27 3.34 2.85 3.28 3.41 3.38 3.44 3.42 2.94 2.82 2.55 2.41 2012 2.17 1.80 1.56 1.27 1.15 1.52 1.86 2.09 1.76 2.09 2.80 ...

  1. Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2.05 2.62 2.09 NA 2000's NA NA 3.27 6.53 5.71 -- -- -- 8.41 4.37 2010's 4.94 4.19 -- -- --

  2. Romas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Price) Mexico (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA 2000's NA NA NA 5.18 5.84 7.29 6.75 6.93 8.58 3.91 2010's 4.55 4.14 2.86 3.80 4.62 2.79

  3. Galvan Ranch, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- 2.69 2010's 3.52 3.12 1.87 2.66 3.45 1.71

  4. Eagle Pass, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.77 4.97 4.44 4.94 5.00 4.95 5.04 4.61 4.61 4.39 4.11 3.94 2012 3.67 3.24 3.02 2.78 2.63 3.10 3.43 3.78 3.28 3.64 4.04 ...

  5. TX, RRC District 1 Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    398 2,399 5,910 8,868 7,784 11,945 1977-2014 Adjustments -22 -95 53 122 161 81 1977-2014 Revision Increases 105 424 2,221 1,896 1,141 4,001 1977-2014 Revision Decreases 104 320 174 1,548 2,833 872 1977-2014 Sales 35 466 1,193 32 91 150 2000-2014 Acquisitions 50 416 1,139 19 127 173 2000-2014 Extensions 143 1,023 1,657 2,884 1,076 1,766 1977-2014 New Field Discoveries 358 117 24 38 2 0 1977-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 15 2 1 11 16 1977-2014 Estimated Production 82 113 218 422

  6. TX, RRC District 10 Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6,882 7,663 7,513 7,253 7,034 7,454 1977-2014 Adjustments 188 -172 -76 301 41 127 1977-2014 Revision Increases 526 1,252 795 1,022 891 910 1977-2014 Revision Decreases 1,060 958 1,413 2,427 1,369 1,101 1977-2014 Sales 46 131 1,089 132 533 1,387 2000-2014 Acquisitions 68 96 579 671 813 1,846 2000-2014 Extensions 837 1,263 1,687 1,003 532 657 1977-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 3 0 0 0 1977-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 14 0 92 0 1977-2014 Estimated Production 553 569 650 698

  7. TX, RRC District 2 Onshore Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Changes, and Production 1 2 4 2005-2014 Adjustments 0 0 0 1 1 -5 2009-2014 Revision Increases 0 0 0 0 0 9 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 0 0 0 1 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Extensions 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 0 0 0 0 0 1

  8. TX, RRC District 2 Onshore Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    800 2,090 3,423 5,462 5,910 6,559 1977-2014 Adjustments -90 -10 178 -19 -219 -84 1977-2014 Revision Increases 190 333 425 403 985 633 1977-2014 Revision Decreases 372 302 550 614 1,462 732 1977-2014 Sales 22 18 162 11 370 1,327 2000-2014 Acquisitions 5 30 634 195 426 1,267 2000-2014 Extensions 86 178 1,001 2,446 1,595 1,462 1977-2014 New Field Discoveries 11 307 0 0 0 0 1977-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 13 9 113 69 27 103 1977-2014 Estimated Production 259 237 306 430 534 673

  9. TX, RRC District 2 Onshore Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Changes, and Production 5 47 229 506 594 706 1979-2014 Adjustments 3 1 13 -26 7 -9 2009-2014 Revision Increases 2 4 33 54 98 70 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 6 4 20 15 162 89 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 6 0 10 139 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 80 22 24 137 2009-2014 Extensions 1 15 91 272 179 208 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 21 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 1 0 9 3 1 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 3 5 18 33 49 6

  10. TX, RRC District 2 Onshore Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    14 53 242 711 615 825 1996-2014 Lease Condensate (million bbls) 1 22 100 369 268 438 1998-2014 Total Gas (billion cu ft) 648 886 1,504 3,707 2,477 4,014 1996-2014 Nonassociated Gas (billion cu ft) 617 810 1,104 2,307 1,567 2,454 1996-2014 Associated Gas (billion cu ft) 31 76 400 1,400 910 1,560

  11. TX, RRC District 3 Onshore Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Changes, and Production 71 47 49 2005-2014 Adjustments 0 0 0 81 -17 -37 2009-2014 Revision Increases 0 0 0 0 0 21 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 0 0 0 1 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Extensions 0 0 0 0 0 26 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 0 0 0 10 7 7

  12. TX, RRC District 3 Onshore Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2,616 2,588 2,260 2,154 2,307 2,199 1977-2014 Adjustments -124 82 -95 164 49 -191 1977-2014 Revision Increases 490 482 375 604 547 370 1977-2014 Revision Decreases 369 319 252 631 284 264 1977-2014 Sales 174 184 274 214 103 142 2000-2014 Acquisitions 190 199 204 182 130 171 2000-2014 Extensions 288 175 104 121 119 222 1977-2014 New Field Discoveries 61 20 16 10 3 27 1977-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 11 25 3 8 9 20 1977-2014 Estimated Production 509 508 409 350 317 321

  13. TX, RRC District 3 Onshore Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Changes, and Production 75 76 81 63 67 1979-2014 Adjustments 3 -2 3 13 -8 1 2009-2014 Revision Increases 20 19 18 20 12 9 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 10 16 9 16 17 8 2009-2014 Sales 1 4 11 8 2 3 2009-2014 Acquisitions 1 12 10 4 4 7 2009-2014 Extensions 10 10 6 6 3 4 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 3 1 0 0 0 1 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 1 0 0 1 3 2009-2014 Estimated Production 17 20 16 14 11 10

  14. TX, RRC District 3 Onshore Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    26 37 19 118 163 189 1996-2014 Lease Condensate (million bbls) 14 15 14 25 13 19 1998-2014 Total Gas (billion cu ft) 798 879 714 671 735 709 1996-2014 Nonassociated Gas (billion cu ft) 685 739 627 556 502 527 1996-2014 Associated Gas (billion cu ft) 113 140 87 115 233 182

  15. TX, RRC District 4 Onshore Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Changes, and Production 1 1 1 2005-2014 Adjustments 0 0 0 1 0 0 2009-2014 Revision Increases 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Extensions 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 0 0 0 0 0 0

  16. TX, RRC District 4 Onshore Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6,728 7,014 9,458 8,743 9,640 11,057 1977-2014 Adjustments -127 3 358 635 225 82 1977-2014 Revision Increases 774 1,084 2,271 965 905 1,496 1977-2014 Revision Decreases 1,419 850 1,087 2,072 1,491 786 1977-2014 Sales 260 208 939 550 424 505 2000-2014 Acquisitions 309 180 1,245 65 523 1,148 2000-2014 Extensions 506 943 1,452 1,162 1,977 843 1977-2014 New Field Discoveries 45 24 7 1 0 2 1977-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 309 3 23 5 1 19 1977-2014 Estimated Production 1,013 893 886

  17. TX, RRC District 4 Onshore Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Changes, and Production 96 202 181 228 223 1979-2014 Adjustments -2 -1 4 28 83 -16 2009-2014 Revision Increases 15 12 47 17 23 16 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 16 14 35 100 74 24 2009-2014 Sales 5 2 10 3 8 4 2009-2014 Acquisitions 3 2 20 2 5 18 2009-2014 Extensions 7 37 94 53 38 26 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 3 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 1 0 1 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 11 12 15 18 20 21

  18. TX, RRC District 4 Onshore Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    80 3 1 7 6 1996-2014 Lease Condensate (million bbls) 23 43 83 90 132 115 1998-2014 Total Gas (billion cu ft) 2,663 3,171 4,489 4,755 5,850 6,564 1996-2014 Nonassociated Gas (billion cu ft) 2,644 3,147 4,475 4,741 5,831 6,501 1996-2014 Associated Gas (billion cu ft) 19 24 14 14 19 63

  19. TX, RRC District 5 Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    22,343 24,363 27,843 17,331 19,280 17,880 1977-2014 Adjustments 96 27 674 -1,078 269 -119 1977-2014 Revision Increases 1,904 1,577 3,693 336 3,338 740 1977-2014 Revision Decreases 1,458 1,274 2,157 8,168 769 1,417 1977-2014 Sales 31 1 10,556 529 93 614 2000-2014 Acquisitions 277 5 10,694 289 574 1,229 2000-2014 Extensions 2,992 3,457 3,034 387 188 193 1977-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 2 0 0 0 1977-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 3 24 0 1977-2014 Estimated Production 1,718

  20. TX, RRC District 6 Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    12,795 14,886 15,480 11,340 11,655 11,516 1977-2014 Adjustments 423 403 296 -1,010 128 -272 1977-2014 Revision Increases 1,820 2,660 4,894 2,108 2,089 1,979 1977-2014 Revision Decreases 2,225 2,680 5,464 5,203 1,404 1,178 1977-2014 Sales 358 505 3,938 290 429 842 2000-2014 Acquisitions 243 955 3,944 393 572 614 2000-2014 Extensions 1,671 2,173 1,670 979 409 562 1977-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 51 3 0 0 0 1977-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 41 51 268 7 7 0 1977-2014 Estimated

  1. TX, RRC District 7B Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2,077 2,242 3,305 2,943 2,787 2,290 1977-2014 Adjustments 63 68 -65 666 -162 -170 1977-2014 Revision Increases 144 260 387 41 405 203 1977-2014 Revision Decreases 193 231 344 983 223 355 1977-2014 Sales 494 3 683 142 18 2 2000-2014 Acquisitions 27 0 1,855 116 15 0 2000-2014 Extensions 319 220 109 205 2 8 1977-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 1977-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 53 0 1977-2014 Estimated Production 171 149 196 265 228 181

  2. TX, RRC District 7B Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 8 13 19 12 16 1996-2014 Lease Condensate (million bbls) 0 1 0 0 0 0 1998-2014 Total Gas (billion cu ft) 737 897 890 857 629 464 1996-2014 Nonassociated Gas (billion cu ft) 714 890 878 840 617 407 1996-2014 Associated Gas (billion cu ft) 23 7 12 17 12 5

  3. TX, RRC District 7C Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4,827 4,787 4,475 4,890 4,800 6,422 1977-2014 Adjustments 29 68 -311 639 -236 764 1977-2014 Revision Increases 355 535 684 421 693 1,343 1977-2014 Revision Decreases 447 710 708 1,113 889 1,177 1977-2014 Sales 90 575 260 84 129 636 2000-2014 Acquisitions 97 451 271 106 127 886 2000-2014 Extensions 263 496 305 708 568 865 1977-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 1 0 0 1977-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 2 10 0 46 104 1 1977-2014 Estimated Production 328 315 293 309 328 424

  4. TX, RRC District 7C Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    221 286 301 438 400 642 1996-2014 Lease Condensate (million bbls) 10 13 4 14 3 5 1998-2014 Total Gas (billion cu ft) 1,619 1,659 1,551 1,844 1,540 2,305 1996-2014 Nonassociated Gas (billion cu ft) 875 789 447 387 157 318 1996-2014 Associated Gas (billion cu ft) 744 870 1,104 1,457 1,383 1,98

  5. TX, RRC District 8 Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6,672 7,206 7,039 7,738 8,629 9,742 1977-2014 Adjustments 233 304 -703 395 243 -395 1977-2014 Revision Increases 828 1,082 1,056 1,115 1,154 2,164 1977-2014 Revision Decreases 1,375 1,268 1,028 1,549 1,060 1,388 1977-2014 Sales 260 363 185 385 608 734 2000-2014 Acquisitions 194 758 482 656 575 771 2000-2014 Extensions 747 568 676 1,023 1,223 1,429 1977-2014 New Field Discoveries 1 0 4 7 0 1 1977-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 25 2 1 1 26 32 1977-2014 Estimated Production 545 549

  6. TX, RRC District 8A Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1,218 1,164 1,226 1,214 1,269 1,257 1977-2014 Adjustments 87 -40 -30 -2 16 4 1977-2014 Revision Increases 161 138 195 107 168 137 1977-2014 Revision Decreases 111 63 36 36 59 59 1977-2014 Sales 8 14 25 29 36 5 2000-2014 Acquisitions 17 4 41 27 42 6 2000-2014 Extensions 8 14 10 16 23 8 1977-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 1 0 0 1977-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 1 1 0 0 1977-2014 Estimated Production 108 93 94 97 99 103

  7. TX, RRC District 8A Proved Nonproducing Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    413 418 419 433 367 361 1996-2014 Lease Condensate (million bbls) 6 11 5 6 0 0 1998-2014 Total Gas (billion cu ft) 376 369 360 336 309 258 1996-2014 Nonassociated Gas (billion cu ft) 2 1 1 1 1 1 1996-2014 Associated Gas (billion cu ft) 374 368 359 335 308 25

  8. TX, RRC District 9 Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    10,904 12,464 10,115 8,894 9,195 8,791 1977-2014 Adjustments 18 336 -110 -725 378 248 1977-2014 Revision Increases 610 1,070 2,850 212 1,087 793 1977-2014 Revision Decreases 503 221 5,564 1,048 636 1,036 1977-2014 Sales 71 92 1,204 353 583 139 2000-2014 Acquisitions 86 46 1,432 281 18 0 2000-2014 Extensions 2,400 1,147 850 977 396 346 1977-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 10 0 0 0 1977-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 14 7 0 46 244 0 1977-2014 Estimated Production 687 733 613 611 603

  9. TX, State Offshore Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 4 3 3 2 2 2009-2014 Adjustments -2 0 -2 1 -1 1 2009-2014 Revision Increases 1 0 3 0 0 1 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 0 0 2 1 0 2 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 1 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Extensions 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 1 1 0 0 0

  10. TX, State Offshore Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    64 131 118 94 59 42 1981-2014 Adjustments -29 11 -25 16 -13 -3 1981-2014 Revision Increases 29 20 75 16 9 18 1981-2014 Revision Decreases 22 56 66 11 19 22 1981-2014 Sales 3 20 2 23 6 0 2000-2014 Acquisitions 0 39 26 0 0 0 2000-2014 Extensions 0 0 0 0 0 0 1981-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 1981-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 10 0 0 0 8 0 1981-2014 Estimated Production 40 27 21 22 14 10 1981

  11. TX, State Offshore Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 2007 2008 2009 2010 View History Proved Reserves as of Dec. 31 0 0 0 0 2007-2010 Adjustments 0 0 2009-2010 Revision Increases 0 0 2009-2010 Revision Decreases 0 0 2009-2010 Sales 0 0 2009-2010 Acquisitions 0 0 2009-2010 Extensions 0 0 2009-2010 New Field Discoveries 0 0 2009-2010 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 2009-2010 Estimated Production 0 0 0 0 2007-2010

  12. RAPID/Roadmap/14-TX-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wyoming. On October 9, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit issued a stay halting implementation of the new rule nationwide pending its own determination of its...

  13. TX, RRC District 3 Onshore Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    71 47 2005-2013 Adjustments 0 0 0 81 -17 2009-2013 Revision Increases 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2013 Sales 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2013 Acquisitions 0 0 0 0 0...

  14. TX, RRC District 10 Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    8 7 2005-2013 Adjustments 0 0 0 9 0 2009-2013 Revision Increases 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2013 Sales 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2013 Acquisitions 0 0 0 0 0...

  15. TX, RRC District 4 Onshore Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 1 2005-2013 Adjustments 0 0 0 1 0 2009-2013 Revision Increases 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2013 Sales 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2013 Acquisitions 0 0 0 0 0...

  16. TX, RRC District 2 Onshore Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 2 2005-2013 Adjustments 0 0 0 1 1 2009-2013 Revision Increases 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2013 Sales 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2013 Acquisitions 0 0 0 0 0...

  17. Rio Bravo, TX Natural Gas Exports to Mexico

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    62,914 74,790 75,026 78,196 76,154 81,837 1999-2015 Pipeline Prices 4.42 4.14 2.94 3.88 4.47 2.71

  18. Rio Grande, TX Natural Gas Exports to Mexico

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2013 2014 2015 View History Pipeline Volumes 0 8,045 310,965 2013-2015 Pipeline Prices -- 4.42 2.85 2013

  19. TX, RRC District 1 Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    96 263 893 2,031 2,360 2,887 2009-2014 Adjustments -3 -20 7 -19 -60 83 2009-2014 Revision Increases 19 16 95 302 288 330 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 19 10 52 253 237 262 2009-2014 Sales 0 4 33 7 90 56 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 9 33 6 123 86 2009-2014 Extensions 8 137 593 1,194 484 591 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 4 54 29 19 2 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 2 8 11 18 2009-2014 Estimated Production 10 15 44 112 192 263

    398 2,399 5,910 8,868 7,784 11,945 1977-2014

  20. TX, RRC District 10 Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    523 2,599 6,127 9,141 8,118 12,431 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 1,456 2,332 5,227 6,516 4,442 7,733 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 67 267 900 2,625 3,676 4,698 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 1,398 2,399 5,910 8,868 7,784 11,945 Lease Separation

    456 2,332 5,227 6,516 4,442 7,733 1979-2014 Adjustments 5 -95 -42 20 120 -73 1979-2014 Revision Increases 110 430 2,184 1,620 702 3,462 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 110 331 116

  1. TX, RRC District 2 Onshore Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    7,594 8,484 8,373 8,007 7,744 8,354 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 6,984 7,915 7,475 7,073 6,660 7,140 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 610 569 898 934 1,084 1,214 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 6,882 7,663 7,513 7,253 7,034 7,454 Lease Separation

    6,984 7,915 7,475 7,073 6,660 7,140 1979-2014 Adjustments 223 -144 -5 213 23 233 1979-2014 Revision Increases 492 1,288 593 1,044 762 801 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 1,120 868

  2. TX, RRC District 3 Onshore Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    909 2,235 3,690 5,985 6,640 7,524 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 1,837 2,101 2,766 3,986 4,348 4,802 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 72 134 924 1,999 2,292 2,722 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 1,800 2,090 3,423 5,462 5,910 6,559 After Lease Separation

    837 2,101 2,766 3,986 4,348 4,802 1979-2014 Adjustments -101 18 153 15 -39 -1 1979-2014 Revision Increases 194 321 397 212 719 454 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 364 308 572

  3. TX, RRC District 4 Onshore Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2,802 2,774 2,490 2,429 2,592 2,483 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 2,326 2,308 2,091 1,965 1,795 1,760 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 476 466 399 464 797 723 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 2,616 2,588 2,260 2,154 2,307 2,19 After Lease Separation

    2,326 2,308 2,091 1,965 1,795 1,760 1979-2014 Adjustments -105 56 -29 164 -99 52 1979-2014 Revision Increases 456 419 355 608 335 290 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 338 288 225 655

  4. TX, RRC District 5 Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4 22 28 65 47 62 2009-2014 Adjustments -4 1 5 1 5 4 2009-2014 Revision Increases 5 3 8 11 1 3 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 1 3 3 3 22 7 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 6 0 0 19 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 6 24 0 19 2009-2014 Extensions 1 0 0 9 4 21 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 3 3 4 5 6 6

    22,343 24,363 27,843 17,331 19,280 17,880 1977-2014 Adjustments 96 27 674 -1,078 269 -119 1977-2014 Revision

  5. TX, RRC District 6 Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    24 240 232 252 267 299 2009-2014 Adjustments 3 3 16 18 -37 19 2009-2014 Revision Increases 38 45 38 17 35 62 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 29 29 43 31 26 27 2009-2014 Sales 3 5 28 18 13 94 2009-2014 Acquisitions 4 11 21 23 26 80 2009-2014 Extensions 8 9 6 30 49 12 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 18 18 18 19 19 20

    12,795 14,886 15,480 11,340 11,655 11,516 1977-2014 Adjustments 423 403 296

  6. TX, RRC District 7B Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    102 102 126 134 113 148 2009-2014 Adjustments 9 4 -3 5 -37 39 2009-2014 Revision Increases 7 9 16 19 24 23 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 7 3 3 5 8 17 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 2 1 0 1 2009-2014 Acquisitions 1 0 27 1 10 0 2009-2014 Extensions 1 0 0 0 1 3 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 10 10 11 11 11 12

    2,077 2,242 3,305 2,943 2,787 2,290 1977-2014 Adjustments 63 68 -65 666 -162 -170 1977-2014

  7. TX, RRC District 7C Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    509 618 672 891 964 1,298 2009-2014 Adjustments 35 -10 8 63 -23 30 2009-2014 Revision Increases 55 69 77 66 162 363 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 25 37 118 139 271 421 2009-2014 Sales 7 56 56 13 9 14 2009-2014 Acquisitions 25 83 62 30 21 155 2009-2014 Extensions 69 88 121 254 227 309 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 6 0 8 29 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 32 34 40 50 63 8

    4,827 4,787 4,475 4,890 4,800 6,422 1977-2014 Adjustments

  8. TX, RRC District 8 Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    985 2,254 2,709 3,304 3,356 4,142 2009-2014 Adjustments 10 -93 75 69 33 -16 2009-2014 Revision Increases 201 273 309 401 383 948 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 99 149 235 339 471 554 2009-2014 Sales 63 116 125 78 321 232 2009-2014 Acquisitions 87 315 253 242 270 302 2009-2014 Extensions 202 196 332 500 375 605 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 2 3 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 4 1 0 2 11 16 2009-2014 Estimated Production 121 158 156 205 228 283

    6,672 7,206 7,039 7,738

  9. TX, RRC District 8A Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    790 1,822 1,800 1,758 1,736 1,668 2009-2014 Adjustments 19 21 13 10 27 37 2009-2014 Revision Increases 172 181 115 103 97 78 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 15 66 90 66 54 63 2009-2014 Sales 8 23 70 60 57 36 2009-2014 Acquisitions 24 12 102 49 51 17 2009-2014 Extensions 4 15 14 17 21 7 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 1 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 1 13 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 111 108 107 108 107 108

    1,218 1,164 1,226 1,214 1,269 1,257 1977-2014

  10. TX, RRC District 9 Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    49 155 181 177 195 209 2009-2014 Adjustments -24 13 -18 -7 37 20 2009-2014 Revision Increases 29 11 32 13 15 28 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 9 21 17 17 45 22 2009-2014 Sales 12 4 11 13 9 2 2009-2014 Acquisitions 22 10 22 11 15 4 2009-2014 Extensions 45 14 39 31 25 7 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 1 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 15 17 21 22 21 21

    10,904 12,464 10,115 8,894 9,195 8,791 1977-2014 Adjustments 18 336 -110

  11. TX, State Offshore Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    11,522 13,172 10,920 9,682 10,040 9,760 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 11,100 12,587 9,963 8,521 8,947 8,283 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 422 585 957 1,161 1,093 1,477 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 10,904 12,464 10,115 8,894 9,195 8,791 Lease Separation

    11,100 12,587 9,963 8,521 8,947 8,283 1979-2014 Adjustments 98 345 211 -609 407 102 1979-2014 Revision Increases 628 932 3,016 177 1,110 774 1979-2014 Revision

  12. TX, State Offshore Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4 4 3 3 2 2 2009-2014 Adjustments -2 0 -2 1 -1 1 2009-2014 Revision Increases 1 0 3 0 0 1 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 0 0 2 1 0 2 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 1 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Extensions 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 1 1 0 0 0

    64 131 118 94 59 42 1981-2014 Adjustments -29 11 -25 16 -13 -3 1981-2014 Revision Increases 29 20 75 16 9 18 1981-2014

  13. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Million...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 0 0 2010's 0 2,581 8,142 0 2,664...

  14. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports Price (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 10.31 11.16 13.45 15.51 15.7

  15. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports Price (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 13.45 2014 15.51 2015 17.44 12.89 16.71 15.9

  16. RAPID/Roadmap/4-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and written evidence confirming that it is not delinquent in paying its franchise taxes. The application to prospect must be accompanied by the appropriate filing fee....

  17. RAPID/Roadmap/7-TX-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    defined in PUCT Substantive Rule 25.173(c) and must meet the requirements of 25.173. A power generating company may participate in the program and may generate RECs and buy or...

  18. RAPID/Roadmap/7-TX-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in this state a facility to provide retail electric utility service. If a power producer is not a "retail electric utility" then the developer is not required to obtain a...

  19. High Performance Builder Spotlight: GreenCraft, Lewisville, TX

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-01-01

    In October and November 2009, the TimberCreek Zero Energy House in Lewisville, Texas, opened as a Building America Demonstration House. The 2,538-foot,three-bedroom, 2½-bath custom-built home showed a home energy rating score (HERS) of 56 without the solar photovoltaics and a HERS score of 1 with PV.

  20. TX, State Offshore Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    161 128 113 88 56 42 1981-2014 Adjustments -29 -7 -24 7 -10 -2 1981-2014 Revision Increases 29 20 70 14 9 17 1981-2014 Revision Decreases 21 35 65 9 19 19 1981-2014 Sales 3 20 2 23 ...

  1. TX, State Offshore Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 2 1 1 1 1 1981-2014 Adjustments -1 0 -1 0 0 1 2009-2014 Revision Increases 1 0 1 0 0 0 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 0 0 1 0 0 1 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Acquisitions ...

  2. RAPID/Roadmap/1-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Land use planning in Texas is delegated to municipalities. 01TXALandUsePlanning.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number...

  3. RAPID/Roadmap/19-TX-d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Quality (TCEQ) handles transfers of surface water rights. 19TXDTransferOfWaterRight.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number...

  4. Laredo, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Mexico (Dollars per...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    to Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 16.950 - No Data Reported; -- Not Applicable; NA Not Available; W ...

  5. Laredo, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports Price (Dollars per Thousand...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 17 - No Data Reported; -- Not Applicable; NA Not Available; W ...

  6. Laredo, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports (Million Cubic Feet...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Natural Gas Exports (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 1 - No Data Reported; -- Not Applicable; NA Not Available; W Withheld...

  7. RAPID/Roadmap/3-TX-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    following: A diagram of the project showing all structures and dimensions; A copy of a tax statement as proof of ownership of littoral property; A vicinity map showing project...

  8. RAPID/Roadmap/3-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Act Lands' are defined in the Texas Administrative Code as "any public free school or asylum lands, whether surveyed or unsurveyed, sold with a mineral classification or...

  9. Transactive Controls R&D (Tx-R&D)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... and communication technologies (ICT). - Most common signal is economics based: ... ICT & related physical hardware) that allow applications to be programmed and negotiate...

  10. RAPID/Roadmap/8-TX-f | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of the total load of the secondary network under consideration; The TDU may postpone processing an application for an individual distributed generation facility if the total...

  11. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Falls City Mill Site - TX...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Also see Falls City, Texas, Disposal Site Documents Related to Falls City Mill Site Data Validation Package for the April 2009 Groundwater Sampling at the Falls City, Texas, ...

  12. RAPID/Roadmap/3-TX-g | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    must report on the status of the exploration, development, and production of geothermal energy and associated resources under the land governed by Tex. Nat. Rec. Code Sec. 141...

  13. Alamo, TX Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Mexico

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Pipeline Volumes 13,279 4,685 0 0 0 0 1998-2014 Pipeline Prices 4.10 4.30 -- -- -- -- 1998-2014

  14. Del Rio, TX Natural Gas Exports to Mexico

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    320 282 355 372 324 306 2006-2015 Pipeline Prices 5.92 5.53 4.33 4.69 5.35 3.59 200

  15. Eagle Pass, TX Natural Gas Exports to Mexico

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,471 2,114 2,970 2,608 3,801 4,282 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 5.13 4.57 3.41 4.37 5.18 3.78

  16. El Paso, TX Natural Gas Exports to Mexico

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Administration (EIA) definitions English FranÇais Español A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Browse terms related to these categories: border crossing electricity border crossing gas border crossing liquid liquefied natural gas terminals natural gas processing plants power plants refineries See index of all terms A

    Referencia cruzada de definición English FranÇais Español A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Explorar los términos relacionados con las

  17. El Paso, TX Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Mexico

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 View History Pipeline Volumes 996 NA NA NA NA 1998-2002 Pipeline Prices 2.09 1998-1998

  18. Galvan Ranch, TX Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Mexico

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    225 501 314 1,046 1,426 933 2007-2015 Pipeline Prices 3.52 3.12 1.87 2.66 3.45 1.71 2007

  19. McAllen, TX Natural Gas Exports to Mexico

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0,627 56,569 68,425 78,000 79,396 61,402 1998-2015 Pipeline Prices 4.52 4.19 2.95 3.84 4.62 2.85 1998

  20. Penitas, TX Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Mexico

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 1996 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 View History Pipeline Volumes 253 40 NA NA NA NA 1996-2002 Pipeline Prices 1.72 2.04 1996-1998

  1. RAPID/Roadmap/14-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    specifically CWA 319(b). The Management Program outlines Texas' comprehensive strategy to protect and restore water quality impacted by nonpoint sources of pollution....

  2. RAPID/Roadmap/3-TX-f | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    address of the surface owner of record in the tax assessor's office; The name, address, phone number, and taxpayer ID number of a non-corporate applicant; The corporate name,...

  3. RAPID/Roadmap/3-TX-d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in the section, and county or counties in which the land lies; The name, address, phone number, and taxpayer ID number of a non-corporate applicant; The corporate name,...

  4. RAPID/Roadmap/19-TX-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    post-office address of the applicant; Identify the source of water supply; State the nature and purposes of the proposed use or uses and the amount of water to be used for each...

  5. RAPID/Roadmap/7-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is intended to be sold at wholesale, including the owner or operator of electric energy storage equipment or facilities to which the Public Utility Regulatory Act applies; Does...

  6. Price Liquefied Freeport, TX Natural Gas Exports to India (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 7.56 8.66 11.10 -- --

  7. TX, State Offshore Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2007 2008 2009 2010 View History Proved Reserves as of Dec. 31 0 0 0 0 2007-2010 Adjustments 0 0 2009-2010 Revision Increases 0 0 2009-2010 Revision Decreases 0 0 2009-2010 Sales...

  8. TX, RRC District 5 Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    13,691 16,032 19,747 11,513 13,592 2007-2013 Adjustments 657 105 233 -516 -70 2009-2013 Revision Increases 928 643 3,094 30 2,922 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 587 405 1,405 6,895...

  9. TX, RRC District 8 Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    48 24 90 61 583 649 2007-2013 Adjustments -1 53 -79 249 -21 2009-2013 Revision Increases 2 20 45 19 121 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 22 0 12 47 112 2009-2013 Sales 0 0 0 19 50...

  10. TX, RRC District 1 Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2 435 1,564 5,123 8,340 7,357 2007-2013 Adjustments 5 8 0 47 315 2009-2013 Revision Increases 1 322 2,141 1,852 1,083 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 0 251 48 1,272 2,818 2009-2013...

  11. TX, RRC District 6 Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    73 1,161 4,381 6,584 4,172 4,633 2007-2013 Adjustments 40 1,968 26 -225 564 2009-2013 Revision Increases 422 1,206 2,322 999 513 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 8 1,319 1,860 2,907...

  12. TX, RRC District 3 Onshore Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 1 6 24 2007-2013 Adjustments 0 0 1 1 -3 2009-2013 Revision Increases 0 0 0 1 2 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2013 Sales 0 0 0 0 4 2009-2013 Acquisitions 0 0 0 2 0...

  13. TX, RRC District 4 Onshore Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    78 565 2,611 3,091 4,377 2007-2013 Adjustments 53 0 185 300 592 2009-2013 Revision Increases 0 66 792 253 174 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 0 12 295 1,160 819 2009-2013 Sales 0 0 75...

  14. TX, RRC District 9 Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    10,756 12,573 10,276 9,260 9,580 2007-2013 Adjustments 179 533 42 -483 378 2009-2013 Revision Increases 580 1,044 3,005 200 1,092 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 469 191 5,864...

  15. TX, RRC District 2 Onshore Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 View History Proved Reserves as of Dec. 31 395 1,692 4,743 5,595 2010-2013 Adjustments 6 237 494 40 2010-2013 Revision Increases 6 388 326 839 2010-2013...

  16. TX, RRC District 10 Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 0 0 37 37 2007-2013 Adjustments 0 0 -1 11 6 2009-2013 Revision Increases 0 0 0 31 0 2009-2013 Revision Decreases 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2013 Sales 0 0 0 0 1 2009-2013 Acquisitions 0 0...

  17. RAPID/Roadmap/8-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    a Certificate of Convenience and Necessity (CCN). However, minor modifications and maintenance to an existing transmission system may not need a CCN. 08TXATransmissionSiting.pdf...

  18. RAPID/Roadmap/8-TX-b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    This flowchart illustrates the procedures for interconnection with Electricity Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) in Texas. According to PUCT Substantive Rule 25.198, the...

  19. RAPID/Roadmap/3-TX-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    c < RAPID | Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Hydropower Solar Tools...

  20. ,"TX, RRC District 10 Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

  1. ,"TX, RRC District 10 Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

  2. ,"TX, RRC District 1 Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

  3. ,"TX, RRC District 5 Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

  4. ,"TX, RRC District 3 Onshore Lease Condensate Proved Reserves...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

  5. ,"TX, RRC District 8A Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

  6. ,"TX, RRC District 4 Onshore Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

  7. ,"TX, RRC District 7B Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

  8. ,"TX, RRC District 3 Onshore Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

  9. ,"TX, State Offshore Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

  10. ,"TX, State Offshore Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

  11. ,"TX, RRC District 4 Onshore Lease Condensate Proved Reserves...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

  12. ,"TX, RRC District 9 Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

  13. ,"TX, RRC District 8 Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

  14. ,"TX, RRC District 2 Onshore Lease Condensate Proved Reserves...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

  15. ,"TX, RRC District 6 Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

  16. ,"TX, RRC District 2 Onshore Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

  17. ,"TX, RRC District 7C Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Late...

  18. RAPID/Roadmap/18-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    used in connection with an activity associated with the exploration, development, or production of oil, gas, or geothermal resources, or any other activity regulated by the...

  19. RAPID/Roadmap/5-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for exploratory wells, commercial drilling operations, geothermal wells, and co-production wells. A geothermal resource well is a well drilled within the established...

  20. RAPID/Roadmap/14-TX-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    A reservoir is considered to be in a productive reservoir if there is any current or past production of oil, gas, or geothermal resources within 2 mile radius of the proposed well...

  1. RAPID/Roadmap/13-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    15.3(d)). Note: Under the Beach Dune Rules Sec. 15.3(s)(2)(a) the exploration for and production of oil and gas is exempted from the Dune Protection permit requirement. If the...

  2. Alamo, TX Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Mexico

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3,678 27,479 48,850 72,039 76,111 78,866 1998-2014 Pipeline Prices 3.95 4.50 4.10 2.86 3.81 4.63 1998...

  3. Albany, OR * Fairbanks, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Houston, TX

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NETL R&D Tackles Technological Challenges of the Williston Basin's Bakken Formation Recent development of the Bakken Formation in the Williston Basin of western North Dakota and eastern Montana is a good example of persistent analysis of geologic data and adaptation of new completion technologies overcoming the challenges posed by unconventional reservoirs. However, as with most unconventional plays, as Bakken development continues, questions regarding exactly how to refine newly applied

  4. RAPID/Roadmap/14-TX-e | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Publication. If the pit is in a wetland, submit a copy of the Army Corp of Engineers Wetlands Permit or Permit Application. Note: In addition to requirements listed by the RRC,...

  5. EV Community Readiness projects: Center for the Commercialization of Electric Technologies (TX); City of Austin, Austin Energy (TX)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

  6. Thanks, George Washington, for the Energy Efficient Washing Machine!

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A quick internet search will provide you a list of retailers who are cutting down their prices on ENERGY STAR products this President’s day, many of them also providing buy-back programs for old appliances and even offering appliance rebates!

  7. DOE - Fossil Energy: Washing More Oil from Rocks

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    That's exactly what oil producers do in an oil reservoir. They drill wells called "injection wells" and use them like gigantic hoses to pump water into an oil reservoir. The water ...

  8. Impact of environmental dewatering of Lower Granite and Little...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    These organisms provide an important food resource for both migrating salmonids and resident fish species; thus, impacts of contemplated dewatering schemes require evaluation. The ...

  9. Mr. Fred Steinkuehler Granite City Steel Division National Steel...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... By signing this document and sending it to the DOE, the Owners grant, effective 1. m8 to the DOE and its contractors and subcontract such access to ;he Property as is reasonably ...

  10. Porosity, permeability, and their relationship in granite, basalt, and tuff

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-04-01

    This report discusses the porosity, storage, and permeability of fractured (mainly crystalline) rock types proposed as host rock for nuclear waste repositories. The emphasis is on the inter-relationships of these properties, but a number of reported measurements are included as well. The porosity of rock is shown to consist of fracture porosity and matrix porosity; techniques are described for determining the total interconnected porosity through both laboratory and field measurement. Permeability coefficient, as obtained by experiments ranging from laboratory to crustal scale, is discussed. Finally, the problem of determining the relationship between porosity and permeability is discussed. There is no simple, all encompassing relationship that describes the dependence of permeability upon porosity. However, two particular cases have been successfully analyzed: flow through a single rough fracture, and flow through isotropic porous rock. These two cases are discussed in this report.

  11. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Granite City Army Depot...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Site was used for storage of GSA thorium residues until circa 1964. IL.0-02-1 Site ... Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Thorium IL.0-02-1 Radiological Survey(s): None ...

  12. Analysis Of Macroscopic Fractures In Granite In The Hdr Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    natural fractures at low pressures, and to create a geothermal reservoir. Authors Albert Genter and Herve Traineau Published Journal Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal...

  13. U.S. Total LNG Export From All point of Exit

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    VT North Troy, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria ...

  14. NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    TX University of Texas at Austin - Austin, TX (approved CX); Bureau of Economic Geology UT-Austin - Austin, TX (approved CX) Laredo Petroleum, Inc. - Reagan Co., TX FE...

  15. Texas A&M Regional High School Science Bowl | U.S. DOE Office...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    National Science Bowl U.S. Department of Energy SC-27 Forrestal Building 1000 ... County, TX Titus County, TX Tom Green County, TX Travis County, TX Trinity ...

  16. Texas AM Junior Science Bowl | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    National Science Bowl U.S. Department of Energy SC-27 Forrestal Building 1000 ... County, TX Titus County, TX Tom Green County, TX Travis County, TX Trinity ...

  17. McAllen, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.52 4.36 3.99 4.35 4.41 4.53 4.49 4.45 3.99 3.74 3.50 3.34 2012 3.08 2.66 2.41 2.16 2.32 2.54 2.98 3.20 2.83 3.30 3.61 ...

  18. McAllen, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA NA 2000's 4.81 3.37 3.42 5.36 5.92 7.49 6.76 6.65 9.07 3.90 2010's 4.52 4.19 2.95 3.84 4.62 ...

  19. Rio Bravo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Price) Mexico (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA 2000's NA NA NA 4.99 6.13 8.02 6.51 6.80 9.11 3.91 2010's 4.42 4.14 2.94 3.88 4.47 2.71

  20. Rio Bravo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Price) Mexico (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.58 4.26 4.13 4.36 4.44 4.69 4.56 4.22 4.03 3.68 3.34 3.32 2012 2.85 2.64 2.34 2.09 2.59 2.56 3.05 3.00 2.97 3.44 3.65 3.52 2013 3.52 3.44 4.02 4.31 4.25 4.03 3.77 3.58 3.80 3.80 3.74 4.31 2014 4.73 6.15 4.95 4.74 4.68 4.75 4.26 4.05 4.07 3.97 4.14 3.54 2015 3.13 2.91 2.93 2.72 2.97 2.85 3.00 2.91 2.72 2.46 2.15 2.06 2016 2.34 2.39

  1. Rio Bravo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA 2000's NA NA NA 8,986 39,588 40,466 60,432 54,660 49,073 56,035 2010's 62,914 74,790 75,026 78,196 76,154 81,83

  2. Rio Bravo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 6,264 5,596 5,084 6,745 6,527 7,001 6,404 7,024 5,603 5,556 6,129 6,857 2012 7,001 6,473 5,109 4,087 4,285 7,082 6,586 6,845 7,001 7,306 6,482 6,770 2013 5,681 6,205 5,607 6,193 7,167 6,327 7,125 7,201 6,390 6,810 6,945 6,546 2014 5,377 4,717 6,745 6,735 7,381 6,865 6,894 6,408 6,520 6,460 5,578 6,475 2015 6,981 6,575 6,308 5,147 6,340 5,880 7,442 6,641 7,325 7,558 7,837 7,802 2016 7,096 6,55

  3. Rio Grande, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 0 8,045 310,965

  4. Rio Grande, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2014 8,045 2015 15,984 17,668 21,372 22,842 23,041 24,529 29,766 30,441 29,787 31,090 29,995 34,452 2016 31,055 38,906

  5. Roma, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA 2000's NA NA NA 62,591 63,331 37,517 20,476 23,152 24,905 20,042 2010's 36,813 65,794 133,769 138,340 154,471 168,049

  6. Roma, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 5,096 4,366 5,682 7,739 7,085 7,322 6,867 4,309 3,565 3,941 3,724 6,098 2012 7,203 6,395 9,986 11,277 12,777 12,656 12,587 12,852 12,403 12,529 11,604 11,500 2013 12,364 10,749 12,263 12,320 13,026 12,678 12,542 12,790 11,100 10,410 9,480 8,619 2014 11,008 11,039 12,280 11,962 12,995 12,455 12,784 12,812 13,937 15,124 15,124 12,951 2015 12,494 10,114 11,377 12,397 14,689 15,053 15,779 16,165 15,423 15,404 14,585 14,568 2016 13,965 11,

  7. TX, RRC District 1 Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    After Lease Separation 67 267 900 2,625 3,676 4,698 1979-2014 Adjustments -2 -15 -15 70 156 140 1979-2014 Revision Increases 4 29 119 335 488 702 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 3 16 64 215 172 397 1979-2014 Sales 0 0 10 5 82 42 2000-2014 Acquisitions 0 6 9 12 126 65 2000-2014 Extensions 14 148 601 1,599 771 902 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 63 22 38 2 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 2 1 11 16 1979-2014 Estimated Production 6 15 31 110 249 36

  8. TX, RRC District 1 Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    96 263 893 2,031 2,360 2,887 2009-2014 Adjustments -3 -20 7 -19 -60 83 2009-2014 Revision Increases 19 16 95 302 288 330 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 19 10 52 253 237 262 2009-2014 Sales 0 4 33 7 90 56 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 9 33 6 123 86 2009-2014 Extensions 8 137 593 1,194 484 591 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 4 54 29 19 2 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 2 8 11 18 2009-2014 Estimated Production 10 15 44 112 192 263

  9. TX, RRC District 1 Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 4 35 211 320 304 392 1979-2014 Adjustments 5 -5 1 1 -11 -5 2009-2014 Revision Increases 1 2 37 104 97 113 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 1 3 1 95 107 33 2009-2014 Sales 0 4 31 0 2 6 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 4 30 0 7 7 2009-2014 Extensions 1 16 151 125 38 58 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 4 12 1 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 1 1 12 26 38 4

  10. TX, RRC District 1 Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of Dec. 31

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    523 2,599 6,127 9,141 8,118 12,431 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 1,456 2,332 5,227 6,516 4,442 7,733 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 67 267 900 2,625 3,676 4,698 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 1,398 2,399 5,910 8,868 7,784 11,945

  11. TX, RRC District 1 Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Separation 456 2,332 5,227 6,516 4,442 7,733 1979-2014 Adjustments 5 -95 -42 20 120 -73 1979-2014 Revision Increases 110 430 2,184 1,620 702 3,462 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 110 331 116 1,380 2,783 511 1979-2014 Sales 38 505 1,227 28 13 114 2000-2014 Acquisitions 55 445 1,172 8 6 115 2000-2014 Extensions 141 960 1,117 1,374 352 936 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 390 63 2 1 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 16 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 Estimated Production 84 107 195

  12. TX, RRC District 1 Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 435 1,564 5,123 8,340 7,357 11,729 2007-2014 Adjustments 5 8 0 47 315 129 2009-2014 Revision Increases 1 322 2,141 1,852 1,083 4,056 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 0 251 48 1,272 2,818 791 2009-2014 Sales 0 409 1,132 4 84 120 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 401 1,130 6 105 140 2009-2014 Extensions 85 971 1,604 2,911 1,046 1,765 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 353 114 20 39 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 14 0 0 0 15 2009-2014 Estimated Production 11 41 156 362 630

  13. TX, RRC District 10 Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    After Lease Separation 610 569 898 934 1,084 1,214 1979-2014 Adjustments 20 -20 -24 42 2 48 1979-2014 Revision Increases 89 97 293 84 219 219 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 49 193 41 310 384 310 1979-2014 Sales 8 0 40 0 13 41 2000-2014 Acquisitions 18 8 6 49 248 133 2000-2014 Extensions 106 124 204 261 159 206 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 18 0 1979-2014 Estimated Production 48 57 69 90 99 125

  14. TX, RRC District 10 Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 8 7 7 2005-2014 Adjustments 0 0 0 9 0 5 2009-2014 Revision Increases 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 0 0 0 0 0 4 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Extensions 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 0 0 0 1 1 1

  15. TX, RRC District 10 Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    98 243 290 347 351 363 2009-2014 Adjustments -3 -12 -3 10 -14 25 2009-2014 Revision Increases 52 63 70 66 93 61 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 18 54 51 80 81 109 2009-2014 Sales 1 0 30 1 59 34 2009-2014 Acquisitions 2 3 14 27 56 63 2009-2014 Extensions 39 67 75 75 47 46 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 1 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 1 0 5 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 16 22 30 40 43 40

  16. TX, RRC District 10 Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 104 140 139 143 138 167 1979-2014 Adjustments 4 -4 1 6 5 5 2009-2014 Revision Increases 25 38 18 26 43 36 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 13 27 38 44 26 32 2009-2014 Sales 1 0 19 1 48 24 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 2 10 8 19 44 2009-2014 Extensions 16 38 42 27 20 14 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 2 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 8 11 15 18 20 14

  17. TX, RRC District 10 Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of Dec. 31

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7,594 8,484 8,373 8,007 7,744 8,354 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 6,984 7,915 7,475 7,073 6,660 7,140 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 610 569 898 934 1,084 1,214 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 6,882 7,663 7,513 7,253 7,034 7,454

  18. TX, RRC District 10 Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Separation 6,984 7,915 7,475 7,073 6,660 7,140 1979-2014 Adjustments 223 -144 -5 213 23 233 1979-2014 Revision Increases 492 1,288 593 1,044 762 801 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 1,120 868 1,533 2,370 1,123 923 1979-2014 Sales 42 145 1,174 146 574 1,513 2000-2014 Acquisitions 57 99 639 692 647 1,936 2000-2014 Extensions 817 1,274 1,676 846 426 530 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 4 0 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 15 0 83 0 1979-2014 Estimated Production

  19. TX, RRC District 10 Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 0 0 0 37 37 66 2007-2014 Adjustments 0 0 -1 11 6 36 2009-2014 Revision Increases 0 0 0 31 0 1 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 0 0 1 0 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Extensions 0 0 1 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 0 0 0 5 5 8

  20. TX, RRC District 2 Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation 72 134 924 1,999 2,292 2,722 1979-2014 Adjustments 15 -13 57 23 -56 44 1979-2014 Revision Increases 8 35 61 230 388 272 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 30 15 21 157 652 198 1979-2014 Sales 0 0 8 1 81 578 2000-2014 Acquisitions 0 3 235 42 118 595 2000-2014 Extensions 11 67 440 1,022 769 515 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 12 1 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 86 53 23 114 1979-2014 Estimated Production 16 16 60 137 216 33

  1. TX, RRC District 2 Onshore Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    66 154 691 1,508 1,857 2,110 2009-2014 Adjustments -7 -2 26 -11 -48 -34 2009-2014 Revision Increases 8 14 44 148 327 178 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 6 5 28 51 417 198 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 9 1 50 387 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 2 215 50 105 394 2009-2014 Extensions 13 72 296 761 590 486 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 22 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 1 0 39 28 12 48 2009-2014 Estimated Production 10 15 46 107 170 234

  2. TX, RRC District 2 Onshore Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of Dec. 31

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    909 2,235 3,690 5,985 6,640 7,524 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 1,837 2,101 2,766 3,986 4,348 4,802 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 72 134 924 1,999 2,292 2,722 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 1,800 2,090 3,423 5,462 5,910 6,559

  3. TX, RRC District 2 Onshore Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    After Lease Separation 837 2,101 2,766 3,986 4,348 4,802 1979-2014 Adjustments -101 18 153 15 -39 -1 1979-2014 Revision Increases 194 321 397 212 719 454 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 364 308 572 516 990 642 1979-2014 Sales 23 19 167 11 335 944 2000-2014 Acquisitions 5 29 449 172 361 859 2000-2014 Extensions 80 123 639 1,659 1,023 1,162 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 327 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 13 10 36 23 7 4 1979-2014 Estimated Production 259 237 270 334

  4. TX, RRC District 2 Onshore Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Proved Reserves as of Dec. 31 395 1,692 4,743 5,595 6,648 2010-2014 Adjustments 6 237 494 40 79 2010-2014 Revision Increases 6 388 326 839 583 2010-2014 Revision Decreases 5 402 320 1,433 705 2010-2014 Sales 0 61 0 198 1,403 2010-2014 Acquisitions 2 38 210 357 1,402 2010-2014 Extensions 109 1,157 2,604 1,692 1,639 2010-2014 New Field Discoveries 282 0 0 0 0 2010-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 2 81 64 29 107 2010-2014 Estimated

  5. TX, RRC District 3 Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation 476 466 399 464 797 723 1979-2014 Adjustments -14 34 1 81 145 -256 1979-2014 Revision Increases 69 98 58 74 280 128 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 57 54 52 57 104 70 1979-2014 Sales 34 40 43 18 29 17 2000-2014 Acquisitions 57 11 6 30 60 62 2000-2014 Extensions 38 7 9 14 47 154 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 8 0 11 4 3 12 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 1 3 0 1979-2014 Estimated Production 70 66 57 64 72 87

  6. TX, RRC District 3 Onshore Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    257 272 261 428 500 613 2009-2014 Adjustments -7 26 14 53 -16 -19 2009-2014 Revision Increases 46 53 47 165 80 81 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 29 31 24 43 38 66 2009-2014 Sales 12 42 40 27 22 11 2009-2014 Acquisitions 42 21 15 43 39 59 2009-2014 Extensions 19 29 16 16 73 115 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 3 2 1 1 1 10 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 1 0 1 3 4 2009-2014 Estimated Production 40 44 40 42 48 60

  7. TX, RRC District 3 Onshore Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of Dec. 31

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2,802 2,774 2,490 2,429 2,592 2,483 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 2,326 2,308 2,091 1,965 1,795 1,760 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 476 466 399 464 797 723 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 2,616 2,588 2,260 2,154 2,307 2,19

  8. TX, RRC District 3 Onshore Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    After Lease Separation 2,326 2,308 2,091 1,965 1,795 1,760 1979-2014 Adjustments -105 56 -29 164 -99 52 1979-2014 Revision Increases 456 419 355 608 335 290 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 338 288 225 655 215 228 1979-2014 Sales 152 157 259 224 87 143 2000-2014 Acquisitions 147 202 219 175 86 131 2000-2014 Extensions 270 181 106 122 86 97 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 58 21 6 7 0 18 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 12 27 4 8 8 23 1979-2014 Estimated Production 475 479 394 331

  9. TX, RRC District 3 Onshore Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 0 0 1 6 24 106 2007-2014 Adjustments 0 0 1 1 -3 35 2009-2014 Revision Increases 0 0 0 1 2 13 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 0 0 0 0 0 7 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 0 0 4 14 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 0 2 0 3 2009-2014 Extensions 0 0 0 1 25 62 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 0 0 0 0 2 10

  10. TX, RRC District 4 Onshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Reserves, Wet After Lease Separation 96 91 61 99 63 191 1979-2014 Adjustments 5 -1 11 97 -42 -8 1979-2014 Revision Increases 14 14 25 24 35 38 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 32 13 23 30 24 16 1979-2014 Sales 0 1 34 50 11 1 2000-2014 Acquisitions 0 1 4 4 2 114 2000-2014 Extensions 1 9 0 9 13 14 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 Estimated Production 19 14 13 16 9 13

  11. TX, RRC District 4 Onshore Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    92 207 222 203 256 257 2009-2014 Adjustments -5 -3 7 46 83 -16 2009-2014 Revision Increases 20 109 54 22 32 27 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 19 15 133 103 78 30 2009-2014 Sales 5 2 14 21 10 5 2009-2014 Acquisitions 3 2 21 4 6 19 2009-2014 Extensions 7 39 96 54 43 31 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 3 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 1 0 1 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 14 15 17 21 23 25

  12. TX, RRC District 4 Onshore Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of Dec. 31

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7,057 7,392 10,054 9,566 11,101 12,482 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 6,961 7,301 9,993 9,467 11,038 12,291 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 96 91 61 99 63 191 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 6,728 7,014 9,458 8,743 9,640 11,057

  13. TX, RRC District 4 Onshore Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    After Lease Separation 6,961 7,301 9,993 9,467 11,038 12,291 1979-2014 Adjustments -94 38 434 892 803 -117 1979-2014 Revision Increases 798 1,129 2,390 1,032 1,007 1,651 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 1,456 882 1,133 2,238 1,693 872 1979-2014 Sales 273 219 964 552 477 570 2000-2014 Acquisitions 324 189 1,319 68 600 1,182 2000-2014 Extensions 530 984 1,543 1,263 2,264 938 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 48 25 7 1 0 2 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 324 3 24 5 1 21 1979-2014

  14. TX, RRC District 4 Onshore Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 78 565 2,611 3,091 4,377 4,991 2007-2014 Adjustments 53 0 185 300 592 11 2009-2014 Revision Increases 0 66 792 253 174 335 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 0 12 295 1,160 819 300 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 75 0 0 20 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 75 0 0 252 2009-2014 Extensions 0 459 1,506 1,392 1,655 717 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 30 0 12 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 5 26 154 305 316 381

  15. TX, RRC District 5 Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    After Lease Separation 21 8 40 53 177 185 1979-2014 Adjustments 43 -12 7 8 -16 -30 1979-2014 Revision Increases 7 2 31 3 196 29 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 65 2 2 23 40 4 1979-2014 Sales 0 0 4 0 0 14 2000-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 4 20 0 41 2000-2014 Extensions 0 0 0 10 2 1 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 Estimated Production 4 1 4 5 18 15

  16. TX, RRC District 5 Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 22 28 65 47 62 2009-2014 Adjustments -4 1 5 1 5 4 2009-2014 Revision Increases 5 3 8 11 1 3 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 1 3 3 3 22 7 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 6 0 0 19 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 6 24 0 19 2009-2014 Extensions 1 0 0 9 4 21 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 3 3 4 5 6 6

  17. TX, RRC District 5 Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 8 6 6 7 6 5 1979-2014 Adjustments 2 0 1 0 1 0 2009-2014 Revision Increases 1 0 1 3 0 1 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 0 1 1 1 1 1 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 4 0 0 0 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 4 0 0 0 2009-2014 Extensions 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 1 1 1 1 1

  18. TX, RRC District 5 Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of Dec. 31

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    22,623 24,694 28,187 17,640 19,531 18,155 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 22,602 24,686 28,147 17,587 19,354 17,970 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 21 8 40 53 177 185 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 22,343 24,363 27,843 17,331 19,280 17,880

  19. TX, RRC District 5 Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Separation 22,602 24,686 28,147 17,587 19,354 17,970 1979-2014 Adjustments 130 65 646 -951 207 -46 1979-2014 Revision Increases 1,921 1,596 3,708 338 3,185 723 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 1,412 1,290 2,182 8,291 739 1,435 1979-2014 Sales 32 1 10,683 539 94 609 2000-2014 Acquisitions 281 5 10,823 274 581 1,207 2000-2014 Extensions 3,029 3,504 3,071 384 188 195 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 2 0 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 3 24 0 1979-2014 Estimated

  20. TX, RRC District 5 Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 3,691 16,032 19,747 11,513 13,592 13,043 2007-2014 Adjustments 657 105 233 -516 -70 261 2009-2014 Revision Increases 928 643 3,094 30 2,922 475 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 587 405 1,405 6,895 334 434 2009-2014 Sales 5 0 5,772 191 32 0 2009-2014 Acquisitions 21 6 5,851 262 520 0 2009-2014 Extensions 2,223 3,045 2,980 332 182 171 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 19 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 954 1,053 1,266

  1. TX, RRC District 6 Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    After Lease Separation 451 458 471 522 639 383 1979-2014 Adjustments 16 13 38 1 -53 28 1979-2014 Revision Increases 85 23 34 220 78 57 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 34 37 25 119 81 23 1979-2014 Sales 0 0 24 49 9 343 2000-2014 Acquisitions 0 4 19 18 47 60 2000-2014 Extensions 23 37 0 29 173 42 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 1 0 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 Estimated Production 51 33 30 49 38 77

  2. TX, RRC District 6 Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    24 240 232 252 267 299 2009-2014 Adjustments 3 3 16 18 -37 19 2009-2014 Revision Increases 38 45 38 17 35 62 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 29 29 43 31 26 27 2009-2014 Sales 3 5 28 18 13 94 2009-2014 Acquisitions 4 11 21 23 26 80 2009-2014 Extensions 8 9 6 30 49 12 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 18 18 18 19 19 20

  3. TX, RRC District 6 Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 95 104 92 95 83 120 1979-2014 Adjustments 5 1 8 0 -11 3 2009-2014 Revision Increases 24 23 16 7 18 48 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 13 17 27 14 18 14 2009-2014 Sales 2 3 21 1 4 21 2009-2014 Acquisitions 4 8 13 4 4 24 2009-2014 Extensions 6 4 5 14 5 3 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 7 7 6 7 6 6

  4. TX, RRC District 6 Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of Dec. 31

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    13,257 15,416 15,995 11,726 12,192 12,023 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 12,806 14,958 15,524 11,204 11,553 11,640 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 451 458 471 522 639 383 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 12,795 14,886 15,480 11,340 11,655 11,516

  5. TX, RRC District 6 Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Separation 12,806 14,958 15,524 11,204 11,553 11,640 1979-2014 Adjustments 426 400 233 -1,035 322 -338 1979-2014 Revision Increases 1,801 2,732 5,023 1,960 2,107 2,009 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 2,271 2,739 5,621 5,261 1,387 1,206 1979-2014 Sales 370 523 4,045 251 440 536 2000-2014 Acquisitions 252 985 4,056 388 551 582 2000-2014 Extensions 1,708 2,213 1,726 984 255 545 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 52 2 0 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 43 52 277 8 8 0

  6. TX, RRC District 6 Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production ,161 4,381 6,584 4,172 4,633 3,979 2007-2014 Adjustments 40 1,968 26 -225 564 -586 2009-2014 Revision Increases 422 1,206 2,322 999 513 774 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 8 1,319 1,860 2,907 283 708 2009-2014 Sales 0 88 879 2 4 76 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 150 1,673 0 0 5 2009-2014 Extensions 541 1,520 1,303 209 80 207 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 21 2 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 28 219 382 486 409 270

  7. TX, RRC District 7B Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    After Lease Separation 02 121 133 180 227 277 1979-2014 Adjustments -3 39 -27 66 -59 44 1979-2014 Revision Increases 16 9 39 23 161 30 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 4 14 12 22 34 5 1979-2014 Sales 0 0 0 1 0 0 2000-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 21 0 1 0 2000-2014 Extensions 37 0 6 0 0 4 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 2 0 1979-2014 Estimated Production 12 15 15 19 24 2

  8. TX, RRC District 7B Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    102 102 126 134 113 148 2009-2014 Adjustments 9 4 -3 5 -37 39 2009-2014 Revision Increases 7 9 16 19 24 23 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 7 3 3 5 8 17 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 2 1 0 1 2009-2014 Acquisitions 1 0 27 1 10 0 2009-2014 Extensions 1 0 0 0 1 3 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 10 10 11 11 11 12

  9. TX, RRC District 7B Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 5 4 5 4 3 4 1979-2014 Adjustments 1 0 1 2 -1 2 2009-2014 Revision Increases 1 1 1 0 1 0 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 1 1 1 2 0 0 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 1 0 0 0 2009-2014 Extensions 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 1 1 1 1 1 1

  10. TX, RRC District 7B Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of Dec. 31

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2,424 2,625 3,887 3,363 3,267 2,695 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 2,322 2,504 3,754 3,183 3,040 2,418 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 102 121 133 180 227 277 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 2,077 2,242 3,305 2,943 2,787 2,290

  11. TX, RRC District 7B Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Separation 2,322 2,504 3,754 3,183 3,040 2,418 1979-2014 Adjustments 106 48 -38 585 -44 -231 1979-2014 Revision Increases 152 295 417 24 313 209 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 221 256 393 1,101 227 413 1979-2014 Sales 577 3 803 162 21 2 2000-2014 Acquisitions 32 0 2,161 133 16 0 2000-2014 Extensions 335 258 122 234 3 5 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 60 0 1979-2014 Estimated Production 187 160 216 284 243 190

  12. TX, RRC District 7B Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 2,022 2,435 3,466 2,952 2,802 2,204 2007-2014 Adjustments 56 267 -193 567 -106 -258 2009-2014 Revision Increases 119 273 385 17 331 193 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 181 242 358 1,028 212 374 2009-2014 Sales 496 0 748 162 18 0 2009-2014 Acquisitions 24 0 2,011 130 16 0 2009-2014 Extensions 308 255 118 220 1 6 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 56 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 145 140 184 258 218 165

  13. TX, RRC District 7C Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    After Lease Separation ,706 1,930 2,379 3,076 3,401 4,659 1979-2014 Adjustments 13 41 -11 210 -78 218 1979-2014 Revision Increases 224 228 388 234 459 1,308 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 59 92 264 460 660 1,168 1979-2014 Sales 18 392 143 39 95 40 2000-2014 Acquisitions 56 338 301 84 133 296 2000-2014 Extensions 203 205 309 774 660 956 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 2 11 0 53 121 1 1979-2014 Estimated Production 97 115 131 159 215

  14. TX, RRC District 7C Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    509 618 672 891 964 1,298 2009-2014 Adjustments 35 -10 8 63 -23 30 2009-2014 Revision Increases 55 69 77 66 162 363 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 25 37 118 139 271 421 2009-2014 Sales 7 56 56 13 9 14 2009-2014 Acquisitions 25 83 62 30 21 155 2009-2014 Extensions 69 88 121 254 227 309 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 6 0 8 29 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 32 34 40 50 63 8

  15. TX, RRC District 7C Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 34 42 23 28 19 22 1979-2014 Adjustments 5 -2 2 8 2 -1 2009-2014 Revision Increases 4 6 13 3 12 9 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 8 6 8 8 19 4 2009-2014 Sales 0 2 26 0 2 2 2009-2014 Acquisitions 1 2 1 1 0 3 2009-2014 Extensions 5 14 2 3 0 0 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 3 4 3 2 2 2

  16. TX, RRC District 7C Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of Dec. 31

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5,430 5,432 5,236 5,599 5,584 7,103 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 3,724 3,502 2,857 2,523 2,183 2,444 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 1,706 1,930 2,379 3,076 3,401 4,659 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 4,827 4,787 4,475 4,890 4,800 6,422

  17. TX, RRC District 7C Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Separation 3,724 3,502 2,857 2,523 2,183 2,444 1979-2014 Adjustments 56 84 -184 408 -105 352 1979-2014 Revision Increases 175 380 412 248 347 177 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 444 714 564 814 374 134 1979-2014 Sales 83 261 161 57 56 663 2000-2014 Acquisitions 53 173 17 38 14 684 2000-2014 Extensions 93 358 48 37 0 1 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 1 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 Estimated Production 273 242 213 195 166 156

  18. TX, RRC District 7C Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Proved Reserves as of Dec. 31 13 27 81 409 1,183 2010-2014 Adjustments 0 -1 1 -1 231 2010-2014 Revision Increases 0 13 20 217 232 2010-2014 Revision Decreases 0 19 9 42 104 2010-2014 Sales 0 0 0 0 1 2010-2014 Acquisitions 3 0 0 0 232 2010-2014 Extensions 0 21 44 166 295 2010-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 10 0 0 1 0 2010-2014 Estimated Production 0 0 2 13 111 2010

  19. TX, RRC District 8 Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    After Lease Separation 3,490 4,328 5,082 6,654 7,400 9,095 1979-2014 Adjustments 134 178 -357 339 148 58 1979-2014 Revision Increases 433 575 783 841 1,053 2,161 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 292 532 484 763 1,000 1,487 1979-2014 Sales 102 285 153 165 526 757 2000-2014 Acquisitions 119 805 485 686 545 770 2000-2014 Extensions 341 376 759 1,048 1,019 1,585 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 1 0 4 8 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 25 2 1 2 26 38 1979-2014 Estimated Production

  20. TX, RRC District 8 Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    985 2,254 2,709 3,304 3,356 4,142 2009-2014 Adjustments 10 -93 75 69 33 -16 2009-2014 Revision Increases 201 273 309 401 383 948 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 99 149 235 339 471 554 2009-2014 Sales 63 116 125 78 321 232 2009-2014 Acquisitions 87 315 253 242 270 302 2009-2014 Extensions 202 196 332 500 375 605 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 2 3 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 4 1 0 2 11 16 2009-2014 Estimated Production 121 158 156 205 228 283

  1. TX, RRC District 8 Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 9 78 71 88 64 59 1979-2014 Adjustments 5 -3 1 1 -1 -23 2009-2014 Revision Increases 4 51 24 15 5 25 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 6 6 37 17 29 5 2009-2014 Sales 0 1 6 1 38 2 2009-2014 Acquisitions 7 16 10 4 13 0 2009-2014 Extensions 3 30 6 20 33 9 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 3 38 5 5 7 9

  2. TX, RRC District 8 Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of Dec. 31

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7,440 8,105 8,088 8,963 9,715 11,575 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 3,950 3,777 3,006 2,309 2,315 2,480 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 3,490 4,328 5,082 6,654 7,400 9,095 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 6,672 7,206 7,039 7,738 8,629 9,742

  3. TX, RRC District 8 Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Separation 3,950 3,777 3,006 2,309 2,315 2,480 1979-2014 Adjustments 150 229 -274 184 -127 9 1979-2014 Revision Increases 491 642 431 451 247 411 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 1,242 894 698 1,031 193 162 1979-2014 Sales 188 124 60 281 158 115 2000-2014 Acquisitions 97 48 69 74 103 147 2000-2014 Extensions 491 262 17 136 358 113 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 1 0 0 0 0 1 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 3 0 0 0 3 0 1979-2014 Estimated Production 359 336 256 230 227 2

  4. TX, RRC District 8 Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 24 90 61 583 649 1,125 2007-2014 Adjustments -1 53 -79 249 -21 214 2009-2014 Revision Increases 2 20 45 19 121 138 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 22 0 12 47 112 309 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 0 19 50 8 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 20 215 26 19 2009-2014 Extensions 0 0 2 126 161 500 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 1 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 3 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 3 7 5 22 62 78

  5. TX, RRC District 8A Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    After Lease Separation 246 1,170 1,258 1,260 1,315 1,304 1979-2014 Adjustments 76 -67 -12 13 12 2 1979-2014 Revision Increases 168 141 202 111 174 140 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 96 59 33 35 58 56 1979-2014 Sales 8 12 17 30 38 5 2000-2014 Acquisitions 17 4 34 25 43 6 2000-2014 Extensions 2 7 8 16 23 8 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 1 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 1 1 0 0 1979-2014 Estimated Production 107 90 95 100 101 106

  6. TX, RRC District 8A Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    790 1,822 1,800 1,758 1,736 1,668 2009-2014 Adjustments 19 21 13 10 27 37 2009-2014 Revision Increases 172 181 115 103 97 78 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 15 66 90 66 54 63 2009-2014 Sales 8 23 70 60 57 36 2009-2014 Acquisitions 24 12 102 49 51 17 2009-2014 Extensions 4 15 14 17 21 7 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 1 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 1 13 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 111 108 107 108 107 108

  7. TX, RRC District 8A Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 10 32 13 14 9 5 1979-2014 Adjustments 1 -3 3 0 1 1 2009-2014 Revision Increases 0 30 1 6 1 0 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 1 6 23 1 1 5 2009-2014 Sales 0 0 0 5 6 0 2009-2014 Acquisitions 5 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Extensions 0 1 1 2 1 0 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 0 0 1 1 1 0

  8. TX, RRC District 8A Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of Dec. 31

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1,289 1,228 1,289 1,280 1,338 1,328 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 43 58 31 20 23 24 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 1,246 1,170 1,258 1,260 1,315 1,304 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 1,218 1,164 1,226 1,214 1,269 1,257

  9. TX, RRC District 8A Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Separation 43 58 31 20 23 24 1979-2014 Adjustments -1 20 -24 -11 5 5 1979-2014 Revision Increases 2 5 3 2 3 5 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 21 7 5 3 4 6 1979-2014 Sales 0 3 9 1 0 0 2000-2014 Acquisitions 1 0 9 3 1 0 2000-2014 Extensions 6 8 3 1 1 0 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 Estimated Production 7 8 4 2 3 3

  10. TX, RRC District 8A Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 2012 2013 2014 View History Proved Reserves as of Dec. 31 0 0 10 2012-2014 Adjustments 0 0 123 2012-2014 Revision Increases 0 0 0 2012-2014 Revision Decreases 0 0 156 2012-2014 Sales 0 0 0 2012-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 0 2012-2014 Extensions 0 0 44 2012-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 2012-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 2012-2014 Estimated Production 0 0 1 2012

  11. TX, RRC District 9 Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    After Lease Separation 422 585 957 1,161 1,093 1,477 1979-2014 Adjustments -76 11 -48 -88 36 342 1979-2014 Revision Increases 16 199 61 53 76 106 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 18 10 8 21 314 5 1979-2014 Sales 6 2 17 5 6 2 2000-2014 Acquisitions 69 4 27 24 0 0 2000-2014 Extensions 302 5 419 352 236 61 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 11 0 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 Estimated Production 23 44 73 111 96 118

  12. TX, RRC District 9 Crude Oil plus Lease Condensate Proved Reserves

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    49 155 181 177 195 209 2009-2014 Adjustments -24 13 -18 -7 37 20 2009-2014 Revision Increases 29 11 32 13 15 28 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 9 21 17 17 45 22 2009-2014 Sales 12 4 11 13 9 2 2009-2014 Acquisitions 22 10 22 11 15 4 2009-2014 Extensions 45 14 39 31 25 7 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 1 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 15 17 21 22 21 21

  13. TX, RRC District 9 Lease Condensate Proved Reserves, Reserve Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 5 21 26 19 24 15 1979-2014 Adjustments 1 0 1 -2 2 1 2009-2014 Revision Increases 11 3 6 2 7 1 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 5 7 5 2 4 7 2009-2014 Sales 0 2 4 5 0 2 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 2 7 1 0 0 2009-2014 Extensions 2 2 2 1 2 1 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 1 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 2 2 2 2 3 3

  14. TX, RRC District 9 Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of Dec. 31

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    11,522 13,172 10,920 9,682 10,040 9,760 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 11,100 12,587 9,963 8,521 8,947 8,283 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 422 585 957 1,161 1,093 1,477 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 10,904 12,464 10,115 8,894 9,195 8,791

  15. TX, RRC District 9 Nonassociated Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet After

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lease Separation 11,100 12,587 9,963 8,521 8,947 8,283 1979-2014 Adjustments 98 345 211 -609 407 102 1979-2014 Revision Increases 628 932 3,016 177 1,110 774 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 514 223 5,998 1,120 380 1,145 1979-2014 Sales 69 95 1,282 380 630 152 2000-2014 Acquisitions 21 44 1,519 282 20 0 2000-2014 Extensions 2,234 1,207 498 712 196 323 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 14 8 0 51 266 0 1979-2014 Estimated Production 702

  16. TX, RRC District 9 Shale Gas Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Production 10,756 12,573 10,276 9,260 9,580 9,074 2007-2014 Adjustments 179 533 42 -483 378 243 2009-2014 Revision Increases 580 1,044 3,005 200 1,092 800 2009-2014 Revision Decreases 469 191 5,864 1,111 616 1,141 2009-2014 Sales 53 83 1,259 381 629 150 2009-2014 Acquisitions 59 32 1,489 281 20 0 2009-2014 Extensions 2,389 1,199 891 1,054 431 381 2009-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 11 0 0 0 2009-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 14 8 0 50 263 0 2009-2014 Estimated Production 643

  17. TX, State Offshore Associated-Dissolved Natural Gas Proved Reserves, Wet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    After Lease Separation 3 3 5 6 3 0 1981-2014 Adjustments -1 18 -1 9 -3 -1 1981-2014 Revision Increases 0 0 5 2 0 1 1981-2014 Revision Decreases 1 21 1 2 0 3 1981-2014 Sales 0 0 0 0 0 0 2000-2014 Acquisitions 0 4 0 0 0 0 2000-2014 Extensions 0 0 0 0 0 0 1981-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 1981-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 0 0 0 0 1981-2014 Estimated Production 0 1 1 8 0 0 1981

  18. Best Practices Case Study: Imagine Homes - Stillwater Ranch, San Antonio, TX

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2011-04-01

    This case study describes Imagine Homes, who met Builders Challenge criteria on more than 200 homes in San Antonio with rigid foam exterior sheathing, ducts and air handler in conditioned space in a spray-foam insulated attic, and high-efficiency HVAC, windows, and appliances.

  19. Rio Bravo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA 2000's NA NA NA 4.99 6.13 8.02 6.51 6.80 9.11 3.91 2010's 4.42 4.14 2.94 3.88 4.47 2.71 Thousand Cubic Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.58 4.26 4.13 4.36 4.44 4.69 4.56 4.22 4.03 3.68 3.34 3.32 2012 2.85 2.64 2.34 2.09 2.59 2.56 3.05 3.00 2.97 3.44 3.65 3.52 2013 3.52 3.44 4.02 4.31 4.25 4.03 3.77 3.58 3.80 3.80 3.74 4.31 2014 4.73 6.15 4.95 4.74

  20. Rio Grande, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2014 8,045 2015 15,984 17,668 21,372 22,842 23,041 24,529 29,766 30,441 29,787 31,090 29,995 34,452 2016 31,055 38,906

  1. Roma, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 5,096 4,366 5,682 7,739 7,085 7,322 6,867 4,309 3,565 3,941 3,724 6,098 2012 7,203 6,395 9,986 11,277 12,777 12,656 12,587 12,852 12,403 12,529 11,604 11,500 2013 12,364 10,749 12,263 12,320 13,026 12,678 12,542 12,790 11,100 10,410 9,480 8,619 2014 11,008 11,039 12,280 11,962 12,995 12,455 12,784 12,812 13,937 15,124 15,124 12,951 2015 12,494 10,114 11,377 12,397 14,689 15,053 15,779 16,165 15,423 15,404 14,585 14,568 2016 13,965 11,742

  2. TX, RRC District 1 Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    After Lease Separation 67 267 900 2,625 3,676 4,698 1979-2014 Adjustments -2 -15 -15 70 156 140 1979-2014 Revision Increases 4 29 119 335 488 702 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 3 16 64 215 172 397 1979-2014 Sales 0 0 10 5 82 42 2000-2014 Acquisitions 0 6 9 12 126 65 2000-2014 Extensions 14 148 601 1,599 771 902 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 63 22 38 2 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 0 0 2 1 11 16 1979-2014 Estimated Production 6 15 31 110 249 36 Production

    0 0 0

  3. TX, RRC District 5 Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    7,057 7,392 10,054 9,566 11,101 12,482 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 6,961 7,301 9,993 9,467 11,038 12,291 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 96 91 61 99 63 191 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 6,728 7,014 9,458 8,743 9,640 11,057 After Lease Separation

    6,961 7,301 9,993 9,467 11,038 12,291 1979-2014 Adjustments -94 38 434 892 803 -117 1979-2014 Revision Increases 798 1,129 2,390 1,032 1,007 1,651 1979-2014 Revision Decreases

  4. TX, RRC District 6 Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    22,623 24,694 28,187 17,640 19,531 18,155 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 22,602 24,686 28,147 17,587 19,354 17,970 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 21 8 40 53 177 185 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 22,343 24,363 27,843 17,331 19,280 17,880 Lease Separation

    22,602 24,686 28,147 17,587 19,354 17,970 1979-2014 Adjustments 130 65 646 -951 207 -46 1979-2014 Revision Increases 1,921 1,596 3,708 338 3,185 723 1979-2014 Revision

  5. TX, RRC District 7B Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    13,257 15,416 15,995 11,726 12,192 12,023 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 12,806 14,958 15,524 11,204 11,553 11,640 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 451 458 471 522 639 383 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 12,795 14,886 15,480 11,340 11,655 11,516 Lease Separation

    12,806 14,958 15,524 11,204 11,553 11,640 1979-2014 Adjustments 426 400 233 -1,035 322 -338 1979-2014 Revision Increases 1,801 2,732 5,023 1,960 2,107 2,009

  6. TX, RRC District 7C Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2,424 2,625 3,887 3,363 3,267 2,695 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 2,322 2,504 3,754 3,183 3,040 2,418 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 102 121 133 180 227 277 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 2,077 2,242 3,305 2,943 2,787 2,290 Lease Separation

    2,322 2,504 3,754 3,183 3,040 2,418 1979-2014 Adjustments 106 48 -38 585 -44 -231 1979-2014 Revision Increases 152 295 417 24 313 209 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 221 256 393 1,101

  7. TX, RRC District 8 Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    5,430 5,432 5,236 5,599 5,584 7,103 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 3,724 3,502 2,857 2,523 2,183 2,444 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 1,706 1,930 2,379 3,076 3,401 4,659 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 4,827 4,787 4,475 4,890 4,800 6,422 Lease Separation

    3,724 3,502 2,857 2,523 2,183 2,444 1979-2014 Adjustments 56 84 -184 408 -105 352 1979-2014 Revision Increases 175 380 412 248 347 177 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 444 714

  8. TX, RRC District 8A Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    7,440 8,105 8,088 8,963 9,715 11,575 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 3,950 3,777 3,006 2,309 2,315 2,480 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 3,490 4,328 5,082 6,654 7,400 9,095 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 6,672 7,206 7,039 7,738 8,629 9,742 Lease Separation

    3,950 3,777 3,006 2,309 2,315 2,480 1979-2014 Adjustments 150 229 -274 184 -127 9 1979-2014 Revision Increases 491 642 431 451 247 411 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 1,242

  9. TX, RRC District 9 Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,289 1,228 1,289 1,280 1,338 1,328 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 43 58 31 20 23 24 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 1,246 1,170 1,258 1,260 1,315 1,304 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 1,218 1,164 1,226 1,214 1,269 1,257 Lease Separation

    43 58 31 20 23 24 1979-2014 Adjustments -1 20 -24 -11 5 5 1979-2014 Revision Increases 2 5 3 2 3 5 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 21 7 5 3 4 6 1979-2014 Sales 0 3 9 1 0 0 2000-2014

  10. Clint, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 111 30,880 42,367 2000's 45,512 36,470 59,218 58,851 66,188 63,372 71,451 84,484 84,152 89,274 2010's 87,449 96,722 101,585 108,573 123,670 126,022

  11. Del Rio, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- 7.74 10.76 8.20 2010's 5.92 5.53 4.33 4.69 5.35 3.59

  12. Del Rio, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 5.49 5.62 5.33 5.68 6.08 5.89 5.68 5.52 5.52 5.50 4.97 5.40 2012 4.40 4.40 4.17 4.18 3.95 4.31 4.33 4.50 4.37 4.42 4.39 4.56 2013 4.54 4.56 4.58 4.93 5.24 5.14 4.63 4.48 4.50 4.44 4.52 4.71 2014 5.30 6.18 5.65 5.49 5.73 5.43 5.53 4.78 4.98 4.95 4.60 5.26 2015 4.02 3.79 3.72 3.59 3.47 3.77 3.76 3.81 3.60 3.48 3.03 3.20 2016 3.20 3.20

  13. Del Rio, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 282 346 323 2010's 320 282 355 372 324 306

  14. Del Rio, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 28 26 28 23 14 18 24 25 25 24 20 26 2012 28 28 31 28 32 28 32 33 29 33 29 24 2013 32 26 32 33 32 30 29 35 33 1,335 30 26 2014 27 30 30 29 28 28 25 26 25 27 24 25 2015 20 21 28 22 23 26 25 27 28 29 30 25 2016 25 27

  15. Eagle Pass, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 942 1,260 1,471 1,990 2000's 2,114 1,896 1,914 1,969 2,258 2,132 2,118 1,955 1,695 1,237 2010's 1,471 2,114 2,970 2,608 3,801 4,282

  16. El Paso, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2.14 2.36 2.05 2.43 2000's 4.35 4.35 3.28 5.20 5.76 8.06 6.47 6.76 7.60 3.98 2010's 4.72 4.34 3.09 4.05 5.13 2.83

  17. El Paso, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.67 5.14 4.18 4.52 4.43 4.75 4.70 4.44 4.13 3.68 3.49 3.87 2012 3.30 3.11 2.49 2.31 2.71 2.71 3.17 3.25 3.15 3.59 3.73 3.58 2013 3.68 3.57 4.00 4.37 4.21 4.01 3.96 3.76 3.91 4.02 4.01 4.94 2014 4.95 7.67 5.16 4.93 4.90 4.94 4.41 4.26 4.35 4.27 4.27 3.65 2015 3.19 3.05 2.80 2.80 3.05 2.87 2.95 2.85 2.77 2.52 2.25 2.14 2016 2.48 2.08

  18. El Paso, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 13,406 17,779 7,358 6,146 2000's 7,458 6,843 7,632 11,453 8,462 8,473 8,143 8,682 7,859 7,119 2010's 7,043 7,381 6,238 5,657 4,054 3,37

  19. El Paso, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 958 860 509 487 503 482 449 452 456 531 670 1,024 2012 710 783 648 505 407 432 469 490 383 409 493 510 2013 571 446 632 481 440 409 819 448 321 245 287 557 2014 507 623 636 492 393 153 165 153 121 123 267 422 2015 587 514 496 301 159 255 129 154 165 146 180 288 2016 387 15

  20. Freeport, TX LNG Imports (Price) from Norway (Dollars per Thousand Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's -- 14.85 --