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1

The Segmentation of Sparse MR Images Patrick Craig Marais  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Segmentation of Sparse MR Images Patrick Craig Marais A thesis submitted to the Department of Sparse MR Images Patrick C. Marais A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy ``sparse'' MR images. Sparse images were acquired in large numbers prior to the emergence of high

Marais, Patrick

2

Grande  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

breaks ground on key sediment control project November 5, 2009 Structures will limit flow of sediments toward Rio Grande Los Alamos, New Mexico, November 5, 2009- Crews broke...

3

Grand Marais PUC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Southern Minnesota Municipal Power Agency (SMMPA) is a joint-action agency which generates and sells reliable electricity at wholesale to its eighteen non-profit, municipally-owned member utilities...

4

Grand Marais PUC- Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Southern Minnesota Municipal Power Agency (SMMPA) is a joint-action agency which generates and sells reliable electricity at wholesale to its eighteen non-profit, municipally-owned member utilities...

5

City of Grand Marais, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDITOhio (Utility Company)Galion, Ohio (UtilityGoldthwaite,Grafton

6

Archetypes for Organisational Safety Karen Marais and Nancy G. Leveson; MIT Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics;  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems. In this paper we propose a set of system safety archetypes that model common safety culture flawsArchetypes for Organisational Safety Karen Marais and Nancy G. Leveson; MIT Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics; Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Keywords: organisational safety, system

Leveson, Nancy

7

MALE RIO GRANDE WILD TURKEY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

217 MALE RIO GRANDE WILD TURKEY HABITAT CHARACTERISTICS IN THE TEXAS PANHANDLE AND SOUTHWESTERN Rio Grande wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo intermedia) in the northern extent of their native range habitat used for different behaviors (displaying, loafing, and foraging) by male Rio Grande wild turkeys

8

Rio Grande project partnerships  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for supporting hydrologic analysis and modeling. The information will help develop bi-national cooperation between Mexico and the United States concerning water in the Rio Grande Basin. It will also provide accurate and reli- able data necessary for analysis... municipal demands. With the population expected to double in the next 50 years, the urban water demands will increase proportionately. Story by Danielle Supercinski At the Cameron County Irrigation District No. 2 in San Benito, sluice gates inside...

Supercinski, Danielle

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

GRAND CHALLENGE PROBLEMS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr Flickr Editor's note:ComputingFusionSanGE Global40-DOP (5-2011)GRAND

10

Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011 Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January...

11

Nuclear Proliferation and Grand Challenges  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Nuclear engineer Dr. Kathy McCarthy leads systems analysis. She talks about proliferation and the grand challenges of nuclear R&D. For more information about INL energy research, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

McCarthy, Kathy

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

12

The Lifetime of Grand Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The lifetime of the structure in grand design spiral galaxies is observationally ill-determined, but is essentially set by how accurately the pattern's rotation can be characterized by a single angular pattern speed. This paper derives a generalized version of the Tremaine-Weinberg method for observationally determining pattern speeds, in which the pattern speed is allowed to vary arbitrarily with radius. The departures of the derived pattern speed from a constant then provides a simple metric of the lifetime of the spiral structure. Application of this method to CO observations of NGC 1068 reveal that the pattern speed of the spiral structure in this galaxy varies rapidly with radius, and that the lifetime of the spiral structure is correspondingly very short. If this result turns out to be common in grand-design spiral galaxies, then these features will have to be viewed as highly transient phenomena.

M. R. Merrifield; R. J. Rand; S. E. Meidt

2005-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

13

Grande  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky LearningGet AssistanceCatalytic

14

Savings Along the Rio Grande  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-feet of water per year from canal replacement, lining and/or seepage- loss testing. In addition, technical support from Extension engineers have saved districts more than $180,000 on engineering services. On-farm studies resulted in an average 25 percent...tx H2O | pg. 22 Conserving water is vital for the Rio GrandeBasin, one of the most productive agriculturalareas in the United States. Irrigated agricul- ture claims 85 percent of its water, and urban water use is expected to double in the next 50...

Supercinski, Danielle

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Grand Challenges of Enterprise Integration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Enterprise Integration connects and combines people, processes, systems, and technologies to ensure that the right people and the right processes have the right information and the right resources at the right time. A consensus roadmap for Technologies for Enterprise Integration was created as part of an industry/government/academia partnership in the Integrated Manufacturing Technology Initiative (IMTI). Two of the grand challenges identified by the roadmapping effort will be addressed here--Customer Responsive Enterprises and Totally Connected Enterprises. Each of these challenges is briefly discussed as to the current state of industry and the future vision as developed in the roadmap.

Brosey, W.D; Neal, R.E.; Marks, D.

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

<GrandPrairie>  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICSHe β- DecayBe GeneralHeating DegreeGrande

17

Advance View Proofs Thermodynamic Description of the Mg-Mn, Al-Mn and Mg-Al-Mn Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advance View Proofs Thermodynamic Description of the Mg-Mn, Al-Mn and Mg-Al-Mn Systems Using-consistent thermodynamic model of the Mg-Mn, Al-Mn and Mg-Al-Mn systems has been developed. The major difference between work on the Al-Mn system that uses the same model for the liquid phase reveals that better agreement

Medraj, Mamoun

18

Grand Challenges in Data Usage Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grand Challenges in Data Usage Control Prof. Ravi Sandhu Institute for Cyber Security Prof. Ravi.ics.utsa.edu © Ravi Sandhu World-Leading Research with Real Grand Challenges in Data Usage Control . Ravi Sandhu is about tradeoffs confidentiality, integrity, availability, usage, privacy, cost, usability, productivity

Sandhu, Ravi

19

2014 SunShot Grand Challenge Summit Opening Session Photos |...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Opening Session Photos 2014 SunShot Grand Challenge Summit Opening Session Photos Addthis SunShot Grand Challenge Summit Opening Session 1 of 35 SunShot Grand Challenge Summit...

20

'Grand Challenge' for Basic and Applied Research in Hydrogen...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

'Grand Challenge' for Basic and Applied Research in Hydrogen Storage Solicitation 'Grand Challenge' for Basic and Applied Research in Hydrogen Storage Solicitation DOE is issuing a...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Grand Challenge for Basic and Applied Research in Hydrogen Storage...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Storage: Statement of Objectives Grand Challenge for Basic and Applied Research in Hydrogen Storage: Statement of Objectives Statement of objectives for the Grand Challenge for...

22

EV Everywhere EV Everywhere Grand Challenge - Electric Drive...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EV Everywhere Grand Challenge - Electric Drive (Power Electronics and Electric Machines) Workshop Agenda EV Everywhere EV Everywhere Grand Challenge - Electric Drive (Power...

23

EV Everywhere Grand Challenge - Battery Workshop attendees list...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EV Everywhere Grand Challenge - Electric Drive (Power Electronics and Electric Machines) Workshop EV Everywhere Grand Challenge Introduction for Electric Drive Workshop...

24

2014 Race to Zero Student Design Competition: Grand Winner Teams...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

2014 Race to Zero Student Design Competition: Grand Winner Teams 2014 Race to Zero Student Design Competition: Grand Winner Teams 2014 Race to Zero Student Design Competition:...

25

G. Elisabeta Marai June 4, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S., Computer Science & Electrical Engineering, Politehnica University, Romania, 1998. KQML ­ Communication, Romania, 1997. Time-delay Neural Network System for Speech Recognition Experience and Appointments Current a geometry compression engine for video-games. Lab instructor, Politehnica University, Romania, 1997 ­ 1999

Marai, G. Elisabeta "Liz"

26

G. Elisabeta Marai Oct 31, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S., Computer Science & Electrical Engineering, Politehnica University, Romania, 1998. KQML ­ Communication, Romania, 1997. Time-delay Neural Network System for Speech Recognition Experience and Appointments Current a geometry compression engine for video-games. Lab instructor, Politehnica University, Romania, 1997 ­ 1999

Marai, G. Elisabeta "Liz"

27

G. Elisabeta Marai Nov 14, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S., Computer Science & Electrical Engineering, Politehnica University, Romania, 1998. KQML ­ Communication, Romania, 1997. Time-delay Neural Network System for Speech Recognition Experience and Appointments Current University, Romania, 1997 ­ 1999. Introductory Programming, Data Structures and Algorithms, Scientific

Marai, G. Elisabeta "Liz"

28

G. Elisabeta Marai Sept 30, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S., Computer Science & Electrical Engineering, Politehnica University, Romania, 1998. KQML ­ Communication, Romania, 1997. Time-delay Neural Network System for Speech Recognition Experience and Appointments Current University, Romania, 1997 ­ 1999. Introductory Programming, Data Structures and Algorithms, Scientific

Marai, G. Elisabeta "Liz"

29

G. Elisabeta Marai July 15, 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S., Computer Science & Electrical Engineering, Politehnica University, Romania, 1998. KQML ­ Communication, Romania, 1997. Time-delay Neural Network System for Speech Recognition Experience and Appointments Current University, Romania, 1997 ­ 1999. Introductory Programming, Data Structures and Algorithms, Scientific

Marai, G. Elisabeta "Liz"

30

G. Elisabeta Marai Mar 3, 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S., Computer Science & Electrical Engineering, Politehnica University, Romania, 1998. KQML ­ Communication, Romania, 1997. Time-delay Neural Network System for Speech Recognition Experience and Appointments Current instructor, Politehnica University, Romania, 1997 ­ 1999. Introductory Programming, Data Structures

Marai, G. Elisabeta "Liz"

31

Aspects of grand unified and string phenomenology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Explored in this report is the essential interconnectedness of Grand Unified and String Theoretic Phenomenology. In order to extract a modeled connection to low-energy physics from the context of superstring theory, it is presently necessary...

Walker, Joel Wesley

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Grand Coulee Transmission Line Replacement Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

by the Bureau of Reclamation to design and construct six new 500-kV overhead transmission lines at Grand Coulee Dam. BPA will replace the existing underground transmission...

33

Rio Grande sediment study -- Supply and transport  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 1992 New Mexico State Legislature directed the Interstate Stream Commission (ISC) to study the feasibility of clearing and deepening the channel of the Rio Grande between Albuquerque and Elephant Butte to improve water conveyance and water conservation. The ISC requested the US Army Corps of Engineers-Albuquerque District (COE) to undertake this study under the Planning Assistance to States Program. The study was divided into two phases. Phase 1 consisted of an analysis of the sediment contribution to the Rio grande from the tributaries and an evaluation of the existing US Geological Survey (USGS) sediment gage data. Phase 2 will be an analysis, through the use of an HEC-6, Scour and Deposition in Rivers and Reservoirs, computer model, to determine the long-term performance of any Rio Grande channel improvements. This narrative presents the Phase 1 methods and results.

Diniz, E. [Resource Technology, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Eidson, D.; Bourgeois, M. [Army Corps of Engineers, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

34

Grand Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:Photon Place: Golden, COIndiana Jump to:Grand Ridge II WindGrand

35

Team Kentucky Awards: 2013 INTEL Grand Awards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Team Kentucky Awards: 2013 INTEL Grand Awards Second Award of $1,500: Energy and Transportation, Lexington, Kentucky Second Award of $1,500: Environmental Sciences An Inquiry into the Effect High School, Louisville, Kentucky Third Award of $1,000: Engineering: Materials and Bioengineering

Cooper, Robin L.

36

Winning the Future: Grand Ronde Solar Projects Reduce Pollution...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Winning the Future: Grand Ronde Solar Projects Reduce Pollution, Cut Costs Winning the Future: Grand Ronde Solar Projects Reduce Pollution, Cut Costs October 20, 2014 - 5:00pm...

37

EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: DOE's 10-Year Vision for Plug...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Plug-in Electric Vehicles & Batteries EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: DOE's 10-Year Vision for Plug-in Electric Vehicles EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: DOE's 10-Year Vision for...

38

The Lower Rio Grande Valley Regional Public Transportation Coordination Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KFH GROUP, INC. THE LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY REGIONAL PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION COORDINATION PLAN Developed for: Lower Rio Grande Valley Regional Transportation Coordination Plan Committee By: KFH Group, Incorporated... Page BACKGROUND..............................................................................................................................1 PLAN PROCESS...

Lower Rio Grande Valley Development Council

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

39

Energy Secretary Steven Chu to Attend Grand Opening of Recovery...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

to Attend Grand Opening of Recovery Act-Funded A123 Systems Battery Plant Energy Secretary Steven Chu to Attend Grand Opening of Recovery Act-Funded A123 Systems Battery Plant...

40

Structure and magnetic properties of rf thermally plasma synthesized Mn and MnZn ferrite nanoparticles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structure and magnetic properties of rf thermally plasma synthesized Mn and Mn­Zn ferrite has previously been shown to be a viable route to producing nanocrystalline magnetite and Ni ferrite nanoparticles. In this work nanocrystalline powders of Mn and Mn­Zn ferrites have been synthesized using a 50 k

McHenry, Michael E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

EA-0930: Facility Operations at the U.S. DOE Grand Junction Projects Office, Grand Junction, Colorado  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to expand and upgrade the U.S. Department of Energy's Grand Junction Projects Office facilities and operations in Grand Junction, Colorado.

42

Urban Water Conservation along the Rio Grande  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Urban Water Conservation along the Rio Grande THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY An Inventory of Water Conservation Programs TR 269 SP 201 Valeen Silvy, 1 Ronald Kaiser, 2 Bruce Lesikar 3 and Craig Runyan... water running into the streets from irrigation systems. Urban water conservation incorporates water- saving measures and incentives for the home, on the landscape and throughout the city water distribution system. It is easy to differentiate be...

Silvey, Valeen; Kaiser, Ronald; Lesikar, Bruce; Runyan, Craig

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Grand Gulf-prioritization of regulatory requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As cost pressures mount, Grand Gulf nuclear station (GGNS) is relying increasingly on various prioritization approaches to implement, modify, eliminate, or defer regulatory requirements. Regulatory requirements can be prioritized through the use of three measures: (1) safety (or risk) significance; (2) cost; and (3) public policy (or political) significance. This paper summarizes GGNS' efforts to implement solutions to regulatory issues using these three prioritization schemes to preserve a balance between cost and safety benefit.

Meisner, M.J. (Entergy Operations Inc., Port Gibson, MS (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Grand Unification and Enhanced Quantum Gravitational Effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In grand unified theories with large numbers of fields, renormalization effects significantly modify the scale at which quantum gravity becomes strong. This in turn can modify the boundary conditions for coupling constant unification, if higher dimensional operators induced by gravity are taken into consideration. We show that the generic size of, and the uncertainty in, these effects from gravity can be larger than the two-loop corrections typically considered in renormalization group analyses of unification. In some cases, gravitational effects of modest size can render unification impossible.

Calmet, Xavier [Catholic University of Louvain, Center for Particle Physics and Phenomenology, 2, Chemin du Cyclotron, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Hsu, Stephen D. H.; Reeb, David [Institute of Theoretical Science, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403 (United States)

2008-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

45

Mountain View Grand | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's HeatMexico: EnergyMithun Jump to:Moe WindMontMoraineAbbey JumpWindAcres,Grand

46

Rio Grande Project Power Sales Rate History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0 Resource Program September DepartmentRio Grande Project Power

47

Grand Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio: Energy ResourcesGordon, Alabama:5 ClimateCounty is a countyGrand

48

Citrus Production in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIE?ARY, A t r: COLLEGE, CAvrus. TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS - BULLETIN NO. 419 DIVISION OF HORTICULTURE Citrus Production in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas... of Agriculture. . Citrus fruit production in the Lower Rio Grande Valley, especially grapefruit, has increased at a rather rapid rate dur- ing the past few years. More than 5,000,000 citrus trees were set in orchard form in the Lower Rio Grande Valley up...

Traub, Hamilton Paul; Friend, W. H. (William Heartsill)

1930-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

A Grand Challenge for Planetary Nebulae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study of PN has been confronting a growing list of dilemmas which have yet to find coherent resolution. These issues are both observational and theoretical and can be stated as a series of "facts" which can not, as of yet, be accounted for via a single framework. We review these facts and propose a skeleton framework for developing a new understanding post-AGB stars, PPN and PN. Our framework represents an attempt to articulate a a global perspective on the late stages of stellar evolution that can embrace both the nature of the central engine and the outflows they produce. Our framework focuses on interacting binary central stars which drive collimated outflows through MHD processes. We propose that the field of AGB/PN studies now faces a "Grand Challenge" in articulating the observational systematics of these objects in a way that can address issues related to binarity and magnetic shaping. A theoretical Grand Challenge is also faced in the form of integrated studies which can explicate the highly non-linear processes associated with MHD outflows driven by interacting binaries. These issues include the generation of magnetic fields via dynamo processes, the creation of accretion disks, the dynamics of Common Envelope ejection and the creation of magnetized jets.

Adam Frank; Orsola De Marco; Eric Blackman; Bruce Balick

2007-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

50

Grand Challenge for Basic and Applied Research in Hydrogen Storage...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Storage Grand Challenge for Basic and Applied Research in Hydrogen Storage Presentation from the Hydrogen Storage Pre-Solicitation Meeting held June 19, 2003 in Washington, DC....

51

,"Grand Island, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Grand Island,...

52

Data Acquisition-Manipulation At Rio Grande Rift Region (Morgan...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Data Acquisition-Manipulation At Rio Grande Rift Region (Morgan, Et Al., 2010) Exploration...

53

EV Everywhere Grand Challenge Introduction for Electric Drive...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

at the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge - Electric Drive (Power Electronics and Electric Machines) Workshop on July 24, 2012 held at the Doubletree O'Hare, Chicago, IL....

54

EV Everywhere Grand Challenge - Electric Drive (Power Electronics...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- Electric Drive (Power Electronics and Electric Machines) Workshop EV Everywhere Grand Challenge - Electric Drive (Power Electronics and Electric Machines) Workshop List of...

55

Sandia National Laboratories: Grand Challenge Laboratory-Directed...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Grand Challenge Laboratory-Directed Research and Development project Recent Sandia Secure, Scalable Microgrid Advanced Controls Research Accomplishments On March 3, 2015, in...

56

SunShot Grand Challenge Summit Breakout Sessions Announced |...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

leaders and subject matter experts across 17 breakout sessions will provide insights and perspectives on the "grand challenges" to meeting the SunShot 2020 affordability goal in...

57

City of Grand Rapids- Green Building Requirements for Municipal Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In January 2006, the City of Grand Rapids approved a resolution detailing the city's sustainability policy for public buildings. The resolution directed city personnel to implement the principles...

58

Structural And Physical Characterization of Tetranuclear [Mn**II(3)Mn**IV] And [Mn**II(2)Mn**III(2)] Valence-Isomer Manganese Complexes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two tetranuclear Mn complexes with an average Mn oxidation state of +2.5 have been prepared. These valence isomers have been characterized by a combination of X-ray crystallography, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and magnetic susceptibility. The Mn{sup II}{sub 3}Mn{sup IV} tetramer has the Mn ions arranged in a distorted tetrahedron, with an S = 6 ground spin state, dominated by ferromagnetic exchange among the manganese ions. The Mn{sup II}{sub 2}Mn{sup III}{sub 2} tetramer also has a distorted tetrahedral arrangement of Mn ions but shows magnetic behavior, suggesting that it is a single-molecule magnet. The X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectra for the two complexes are similar, suggesting that, while Mn XANES has sufficient sensitivity to distinguish between trinuclear valence isomers (Alexiou et al. Inorg. Chem. 2003, 42, 2185), similar distinctions are difficult for tetranuclear complexes such as that found in the photosynthetic oxygen-evolving complex.

Zaleski, C.M.; Weng, T.-C.; Dendrinou-Samara, C.; Alexiou, M.; Kanakaraki, P.; Hsieh, W.-Y.; Kampf, J.; Penner-Hahn, J.E.; Pecoraro, V.L.; Kessissoglou, D.P.

2009-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

59

Recent Results from Kascade-Grande  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KASCADE-Grande is a new extensive air shower experiment co-located to the KASCADE site at Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. The multi-detector system allows to investigate the energy spectrum, composition, and anisotropies of cosmic rays with unprecedented prevision in the energy range from 10^{14}-10^{18} eV. The primary goals besides investigating the origin of the knee at E ~ 3 * 10^{15} eV, are to verify the existence of the second knee at E ~ 10^{17} eV and to measure the composition in the expected transition region of galactic to extragalactic cosmic rays. The performance of the apparatus and shower reconstruction methods will be discussed on the basis of detailed Monte Carlo simulations and first data. First results based on slightly more than a year of data taking are presented.

Kampert, K H; Ainsley, C; kesson, P F; Alexander, G; Anagnostou, G; Anderson, K J; Asai, S; Axen, D; Bailey, I; Barberio, E; Barillari, T; Barlow, R J; Batley, J Richard; Bechtle, P; Behnke, T; Bell, K W; Bell, P J; Bella, G; Bellerive, A; Benelli, G; Bethke, Siegfried; Biebel, O; Boeriu, O; Bock, P; Boutemeur, M; Braibant, S; Brown, R M; Burckhart, H J; Campana, S; Capiluppi, P; Carnegie, R K; Carter, A A; Carter, J R; Chang, C Y; Charlton, D G; Ciocca, C; Csilling, A; Cuani, M; Dado, S; de Roeck, A; De Wolf, E A; Desch, K; Dienes, B; Dubbert, J; Duchovni, E; Duckeck, G; Duerdoth, I P; Etzion, E; Fabbri, F; Ferrari, P; Fiedler, F; Fleck, I; Ford, M; Frey, A; Gagnon, P; Gary, J W; Geich-Gimbel, C; Giacomelli, G; Giacomelli, P; Giunta, M; Goldberg, J; Gross, E; Grunhaus, J; Gruw, M; Sen-Gupta, A; Hajdu, C; Hamann, M; Hanson, G G; Harel, A; Hauschild, M; Hawkes, C M; Hawkings, R; Herten, G; Heuer, R D; Hill, J C; Horvth, D; Igo-Kemenes, P; Ishii, K; Jeremie, H; Jovanovic, P; Junk, T R; Kanzaki, J; Karlen, D; Kawagoe, K; Kawamoto, T; Keeler, R K; Kellogg, R G; Kennedy, B W; Kluth, S; Kobayashi, T; Kobel, M; Komamiya, S; Kramer, T; Krasznahorkay, A; Krieger, P; Von Krogh, J; Khl, T; Kupper, M; Laerty, G D; Landsman, H; Lanske, D; Lellouch, D; Letts, J; Levinson, L; Lillich, J; Lloyd, S L; Loebinger, F K; L, J; Ludwig, A; Ludwig, J; Mader, W; Marcellini, S; Martin, A J; Mashimo, T; Mttig, P; McKenna, J; McPherson, R A; Meijers, F; Menges, W; Merritt, F S; Mes, H; Meyer, N; Michelini, A; Mihara, S; Mikenberg, G; Miller, D J; Mohr, W; Mori, T; Mutter, A; Nagai, K; Nakamura, I; Nanjo, H; Neal, H A; Nisius, R; O'Neale, S W; Oh, A; Oreglia, M J; Orito, S; Pahl, C; Psztor, G; Pater, J R; Pilcher, J E; Pinfold, J L; Plane, D E; Pooth, O; Przybycien, M B; Quadt, A; Rabbertz, K; Rembser, C; Renkel, P; Roney, J M; Rossi, A M; Rozen, Y; Runge, K; Sachs, K; Saeki, T; Sarkisyan-Grinbaum, E; Schaile, A D; Schaile, O; Schar-Hansen, P; Schieck, J; Schrner-Sadenius, T; Schrder, M; Schumacher, M; Seuster, R; Shears, T G; Shen, B C; Sherwood, P; Skuja, A; Smith, A M; Sobie, R J; Sldner-Rembold, S; Span, F; Stahl, A; Strom, D; Strhmer, R; Tarem, S; Tasevsky, M; Teuscher, R; Thomson, M A; Torrence, E; Toya, D; Tran, P; Trigger, I; Trcsnyi, Z L; Tsur, E; Turner-Watson, M F; Ueda, I; Ujvri, B; Vollmer, C F; Vannerem, P; Vertesi, R; Verzocchi, M; Voss, H; Vossebeld, Joost Herman; Ward, C P; Ward, D R; Watkins, P M; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Wells, P S; Wengler, T; Wermes, N; Wilson, G W; Wilson, J A; Wolf, G; Wyatt, T R; Yamashita, S; Zer-Zion, D; Zivkovic, L; Kampert, Karl-Heinz

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Grand Challenge: Scalable Stateful Stream Processing for Smart Grids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the ACM DEBS Grand Challenge 2014, which evaluates event-based systems for smart grid analytics. OurGrand Challenge: Scalable Stateful Stream Processing for Smart Grids Raul Castro Fernandez for event queries. The 2014 edition of the challenge [15] focuses on smart grid analytics and is based

Pietzuch, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Integrated Water Management for Environmental Flows in the Rio Grande  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

flows; Reservoir reoperation; Integrated water management; Adaptive management; Rio Grande. IntroductionIntegrated Water Management for Environmental Flows in the Rio Grande S. Sandoval-Solis, A.M.ASCE1 the environment. This paper presents an integrated water management approach to meet current and future water

Pasternack, Gregory B.

62

Effect of Mn doping on the structural, morphological, optical...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mn doping on the structural, morphological, optical and magnetic properties of indium tin oxide films. Effect of Mn doping on the structural, morphological, optical and magnetic...

63

Methane generation at Grand Gulf Nuclear Station  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The methane generation at Grand Gulf has been brought to light twice. The initial event occurred in February 1990 and the second in December 1993. Both events involved the receipt of a cask at Barnwell Waste Management Facility that when opened indicated a gas escaping. The gas was subsequently sampled and indicated a percentage of explosive gas. Both events involved powdered resin and indicated that the generation was from a bacterial attack of the organic materials (cellulose in the powdered resin mixture). The first event occurred and was believed to be isolated in a particular waste stream. The situation was handled and a biocide was found to be effective in treatment of liners until severe cross contamination of another waste stream occurred. This allowed the shipment of a liner that was required to be sampled for explosive gases. The biocide used by GGNS was allowed reintroduction into the floor drains and this allowed the buildup of immunity of the bacterial population to this particular biocide. The approval of a new biocide has currently allowed GGNS to treat liners and ship them offsite.

Carver, M.L. [Entergy Operations, Inc., Grand Gulf Nuclear Station, Port Gibson, MS (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

IMPROVEMENT OF CdMnTe DETECTOR PERFORMANCE BY MnTe PURIFICATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Residual impurities in manganese (Mn) are a big obstacle to obtaining high-performance CdMnTe (CMT) X-ray and gamma-ray detectors. Generally, the zone-refining method is an effective way to improve the material's purity. In this work, we purified the MnTe compounds combining the zone-refining method with molten Te, which has a very high solubility for most impurities. We confirmed the improved purity of the material by glow-discharge mass spectrometry (GDMS). We also found that CMT crystals from a multiply-refined MnTe source, grown by the vertical Bridgman method, yielded better performing detectors.

Kim, K.H.; Bolotnikov, A.E.; Camarda, G.S.; Tappero, R.; Hossain, A.; Cui, Y.; Yang, G.; Gul, R.; and James, R.B.

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

65

Grand Opening of Abengoa's Biorefinery: Nation's Third Commercial...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

its grand opening on October 17, 2014, in Hugoton, Kansas. The Abengoa Bioenergy Biomass of Kansas (ABBK) facility is the first of its kind to use a proprietary enzymatic...

66

SunShot Grand Challenge Summit | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

features a four-day agenda packed with opportunities to shape the future of the U.S. solar industry. Read more Why Attend? Building on the success of the first Grand Challenge...

67

Cambridge Grand Junction transit implementation : alternatives, scheduling, cost, and performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Grand Junction railroad lies at the heart of East Cambridge adjacent to the Kendall Square business district and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology campus. Over the last one hundred years the railroad has gone ...

Iglesias Cuervo, Jesus

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

EA-1037: Uranium Lease Management Program, Grand Junction, Colorado  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy's Grand Junction Projects Office's proposal to maintain and preserve the nation's immediately accessible supply of...

69

DEPARTMENT OF UROLOGIC SCIENCES GRAND ROUNDS FOR 2014-2015  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tempany-Afdhal, Professor of Radiology, Harvard Medical School #12;DEPARTMENT OF UROLOGIC SCIENCES GRAND Resident PGY-4 April 1 Urology Faculty, Dr. Joel Teichman 8 Dr. Phyllis Kisa, Pediatric Surgery Fellow 15

Ollivier-Gooch, Carl

70

SunShot Grand Challenge Highlights Ambitious Efforts along the...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Solar Spectrum SunShot Grand Challenge Highlights Ambitious Efforts along the Entire Solar Spectrum June 13, 2012 - 5:30pm Addthis Energy Secretary Steven Chu gives the...

71

Geothermal Resources of Rifts- a Comparison of the Rio Grande...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Geothermal Resources of Rifts- a Comparison of the Rio Grande Rift and the Salton Trough Abstract The Rio...

72

City of Grand Rapids- Green Power Purchasing Policy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 2005, the City of Grand Rapids established a goal of purchasing 20% of its municipal power demand from renewable energy by 2008. In November 2007, the city signed a three-year agreement with a...

73

Sandia National Laboratories: Upper Rio Grande Simulation Model...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy-Water Planning Upper Rio Grande Simulation Model (URGSiM) Contact Jesse Roach jdroach@sandia.gov (505) 284-9367 Last Updated: April 23, 2012 Go To Top ...

74

agudos grandes granite: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for the Rio GrandeBasin, one of the most productive agriculturalareas in the United States. Irrigated agricul- ture claims 85 percent of its water, and urban water use is...

75

Mn/DOT County Road Safety Plans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Roads Program !! Minnesota Central Safety Funds !! Foster safety culture among county stakeholders 41 Mn/DOT County Road Safety Plans CTS Annual Research Conference April 27 & 28, 2010 Howard Preston & Objectives !! Project Overview !! Schedule, Participating Counties, Approach !! Safety Emphasis Areas

Minnesota, University of

76

EA-1338: Transfer of the Department of Energy Grand Junction Office to Non-DOE Ownership, Grand Junction, Colorado  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposed transfer of real and personal property at the U.S. Department of Energy's Grand Junction Office to non-DOE ownership.

77

High Mn austenitic stainless steel  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An austenitic stainless steel alloy includes, in weight percent: >4 to 15 Mn; 8 to 15 Ni; 14 to 16 Cr; 2.4 to 3 Al; 0.4 to 1 total of at least one of Nb and Ta; 0.05 to 0.2 C; 0.01 to 0.02 B; no more than 0.3 of combined Ti+V; up to 3 Mo; up to 3 Co; up to 1W; up to 3 Cu; up to 1 Si; up to 0.05 P; up to 1 total of at least one of Y, La, Ce, Hf, and Zr; less than 0.05 N; and base Fe, wherein the weight percent Fe is greater than the weight percent Ni, and wherein the alloy forms an external continuous scale including alumina, nanometer scale sized particles distributed throughout the microstructure, the particles including at least one of NbC and TaC, and a stable essentially single phase FCC austenitic matrix microstructure that is essentially delta-ferrite-free and essentially BCC-phase-free.

Yamamoto, Yukinori (Oak Ridge, TN) [Oak Ridge, TN; Santella, Michael L (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Brady, Michael P (Oak Ridge, TN) [Oak Ridge, TN; Maziasz, Philip J (Oak Ridge, TN) [Oak Ridge, TN; Liu, Chain-tsuan (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

78

Environmental Audit of the Grand Junction Projects Office  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO) is located in Mesa County, Colorado, immediately south and west of the Grand Junction city limits. The US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) established the Colorado Raw Materials Office at the present-day Grand Junction Projects Office in 1947, to aid in the development of a viable domestic uranium industry. Activities at the site included sampling uranium concentrate; pilot-plant milling research, including testing and processing of uranium ores; and operation of a uranium mill pilot plant from 1954 to 1958. The last shipment of uranium concentrate was sent from GJPO in January, 1975. Since that time the site has been utilized to support various DOE programs, such as the former National Uranium Resource Evaluation (NURE) Program, the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRAP), the Surplus Facilities Management Program (SFMP), and the Technical Measurements Center (TMC). All known contamination at GJPO is believed to be the result of the past uranium milling, analyses, and storage activities. Hazards associated with the wastes impounded at GJPO include surface and ground-water contamination and potential radon and gamma-radiation exposure. This report documents the results of the Baseline Environmental Audit conducted at Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO) located in Grand Junction, Colorado. The Grand Junction Baseline Environmental Audit was conducted from May 28 to June 12, 1991, by the Office of Environmental Audit (EH-24). This Audit evaluated environmental programs and activities at GJPO, as well as GJPO activities at the State-Owned Temporary Repository. 4 figs., 12 tabs.

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Energy absorption in Ni-Mn-Ga/ polymer composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years Ni-Mn-Ga has attracted considerable attention as a new kind of actuator material. Off-stoichiometric single crystals of Ni2MnGa can regularly exhibit 6% strain in tetragonal martensites and orthorhombic ...

Feuchtwanger, Jorge

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Tomato Varieties and Fertilizers for the Lower Rio Grand Valley.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1931. **In roopc.ration with U. S. Drpartmcnt of Agriculture. Tomato production is one of the leading truck-gardening enterprises in the Lower Rio Grande VaIley. The annual pro- duction of tomatoes has increased from 946 cars in 1926-27 to 2..., 1931 TOMATO VARIETIES AND FERTILIZERS FOR THE LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY W. H. FRIEND The production of tomatoes during the late spring and early summer is one of the most important trucking enterprises of the irrigated por- tions of the counties...

Friend, W. H. (William Heartsill)

1931-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Theory of weak localization in ferromagnetic (Ga,Mn)As  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study quantum interference corrections to the conductivity in (Ga,Mn)As ferromagnetic semiconductors using a model with disordered valence-band holes coupled to localized Mn moments through a p-d kinetic-exchange interaction. We find that at Mn...

Garate, Ion; Sinova, Jairo; Jungwirth, T.; MacDonald, A. H.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Modelling Al and Mn in the open ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling Al and Mn in the open ocean Marco van Hulten*, Alessandro Tagliabue, Jean-Claude Dutay van Hulten: Modelling Al and Mn in the open ocean 1 #12;Outline Introduction Model of aluminium Constraining dust flux Model of manganese Conclusions Marco van Hulten: Modelling Al and Mn in the open ocean 2

Haak, Hein

83

MN4602 Crouch 2004 REASSESSING WEAPON SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MN4602 Crouch 2004 REASSESSING WEAPON SYSTEM OPERATIONAL TEST & EVALUATION METHODOLOGIES LTC Thom support assessing a weapon systems true cost and performance characteristics? S1: Can/should cost, operational effectiveness and suitability be assessed independent of one another? S2: Do current test

84

"MBUF Demo" "Mn Road Fee Test"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(40 mpg) Electric Vehicle (non-gas powered) State Tax * Federal Tax ** State Tax * Federal Tax"MBUF Demo" "Mn Road Fee Test" "IntelliDrive Connected Vehicles for Safety, Mobility and User Fee Overview Six Months In-Vehicle Data Collection Participant Recruited Equipment Deployed First Odometer

Minnesota, University of

85

Mn/DOT's Project Peer Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and sustain this culture #12;Project Management #12;Recent National Work in Transportation Project ManagementMn/DOT's Project Management Peer Review Creating a Project Management Culture 2010 CTS Research a Peer Review? Why Project Management? ·Improve project delivery performance ­ on time, on budget (an

Minnesota, University of

86

WATER COMMODIFICATION IN THE LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY, TEXAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas is one of the poorest regions with the largest population lacking suitable water supply in the entire United States. The region is characterized by low-income, rural and peri-urban communities called ?colonias...

Hernandez, Manuel

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

87

WATER COMMODIFICATION IN THE LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY, TEXAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas is one of the poorest regions with the largest population lacking suitable water supply in the entire United States. The region is characterized by low-income, rural and peri-urban communities called colonias...

Garcia, Bianca 1989-

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

88

SEDIMENT FLUX THROUGH THE RIO GRANDE RIVER: A MONSOONAL EFFECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEDIMENT FLUX THROUGH THE RIO GRANDE RIVER: A MONSOONAL EFFECT Troy C.Hiatt A thesis submitted University August 2010 Copyright © 2010 Troy C. Hiatt All Rights Reserved #12;ABSTRACT Sediment Flux through Climate has historically been recognized as an influence on sediment flux and deposition. The North

Seamons, Kent E.

89

Workshop and conference on Grand Challenges applications and software technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On May 4--7, 1993, nine federal agencies sponsored a four-day meeting on Grand Challenge applications and software technology. The objective was to bring High-Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) Grand Challenge applications research groups supported under the federal HPCC program together with HPCC software technologists to: discuss multidisciplinary computational science research issues and approaches, identify major technology challenges facing users and providers, and refine software technology requirements for Grand Challenge applications research. The first day and a half focused on applications. Presentations were given by speakers from universities, national laboratories, and government agencies actively involved in Grand Challenge research. Five areas of research were covered: environmental and earth sciences; computational physics; computational biology, chemistry, and materials sciences; computational fluid and plasma dynamics; and applications of artificial intelligence. The next day and a half was spent in working groups in which the applications researchers were joined by software technologists. Nine breakout sessions took place: I/0, Data, and File Systems; Parallel Programming Paradigms; Performance Characterization and Evaluation of Massively Parallel Processing Applications; Program Development Tools; Building Multidisciplinary Applications; Algorithm and Libraries I; Algorithms and Libraries II; Graphics and Visualization; and National HPCC Infrastructure.

Not Available

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

90

Data Mining: Data Analysis on a Grand Scale? Padhraic Smyth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data Mining: Data Analysis on a Grand Scale? Padhraic Smyth Information and Computer Science for Statistical Methods in Medical Research, September 2000 1 #12;Abstract Modern data mininghas evolvedlargelyas aresult ofe orts bycomputer scientists to address the needs of data owners" in extracting useful

Smyth, Padhraic

91

Creativity Support Tools: A Grand Challenge for HCI Researchers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the innovations from engineering, software development, and user interface design. Finally, creativity manifestsCreativity Support Tools: A Grand Challenge for HCI Researchers Ben Shneiderman Department can play a key role in design- ing, implementing, and evaluating a new generation of creativity

Shneiderman, Ben

92

The Stephen and Nancy GrandThe Stephen and Nancy GrandThe Stephen and Nancy GrandThe Stephen and Nancy Grand Water ResearchWater ResearchWater ResearchWater Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change with Focus over the Mediterranean 9:55-10:20 Jan W. Hopmans, University of California: Global Climate Change, Environmental Risks and Water Scarcity #12;2 Monday, March 2Monday, March 2Monday, Director of the Stephen and Nancy Grand Water Research Institute, Technion Session 1 Global Climate Change

93

Citrus Variety Trends in the Lower Rio Grande Valley.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Citrus Variety Trends in the Lower Rio Grande Valley CONTENTS ......................................................................................................... Digest ...... 3... thousands of citrus trees and the growers were faced with a tremendous replanting program, which, in turn, had focused interest on varieties. Fruit production figures, yields per acre, and monetary returns per acre for five varieties of grapefruit...

Alderman, D. C. (DeForest Charles)

1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Ouverture des portes : Plonge dans le Grand Bleu... Activits libres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ouverture des portes : Plongée dans le Grand Bleu... Activités libres : · Présentations de nos ... Fermeture des portes 10h En Continu 17h 10h - 12h 14h - 15h 17h 15h - 17h Samedi 10 mai 2014 Portes ouvertes

95

Solar Community Comes Out in Full Force for SunShot Grand Challenge...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Solar Community Comes Out in Full Force for SunShot Grand Challenge Summit Solar Community Comes Out in Full Force for SunShot Grand Challenge Summit May 22, 2014 - 9:58am Addthis...

96

Estimating commuter rail demand to Kendall Square along the Grand Junction Corridor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since acquiring the Grand Junction Railroad in June 2010 from CSX, the Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority (MBTA) has explored the possibility of using the line for commuter rail service. In addition the Grand Junction ...

Bockelie, Adam

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Save the Date: 2014 SunShot Grand Challenge Summit, May 19-22...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Save the Date: 2014 SunShot Grand Challenge Summit, May 19-22, Anaheim, CA Save the Date: 2014 SunShot Grand Challenge Summit, May 19-22, Anaheim, CA January 9, 2014 - 10:02am...

98

Charging Up For Formula Sun Grand Prix By Jonathan Nutzmann, Project Manager  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charging Up For Formula Sun Grand Prix By Jonathan Nutzmann, Project Manager The team is currently busy with training for our next race, Formula Sun Grand Prix, which is com- ing up May 2nd-7th

Janssen, Michel

99

Grand Traverse Band Renewable Energy Feasibility Study in Wind, Biomass and Solar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Renewable Energy Feasibility Study for wind, biomass, solar on the Grand Traverse Band tribal lands from 2005 - 2008

Suzanne McSawby, Project Director

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

100

The Construction and Maintenance Plan for a Grand Banks Multi-Purpose Pipeline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Construction and Maintenance Plan for a Grand Banks Multi-Purpose Pipeline D.W. (Don) Wilson, Director, North Atlantic Pipeline Partners, L.P. NOIA 2000 Conference June, 2000 #12;Grand Banks Multi-Purpose Pipeline Route January 2000 Grand Banks of Newfoundland Newfoundland Come by Chance St. John's Argentia 50o

Bruneau, Steve

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

City of Grand Rapids Building Solar Roof Demonstration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Grand Rapids, Michigan is striving to reduce it environmental footprint. The municipal government organization has established environmental sustainability policies with the goal of securing 100% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020. This report describes the process by which the City of Grand Rapids evaluated, selected and installed solar panels on the Water/Environmental Services Building. The solar panels are the first to be placed on a municipal building. Its new power monitoring system provides output data to assess energy efficiency and utilization. It is expected to generate enough clean solar energy to power 25 percent of the building. The benefit to the public includes the economic savings from reduced operational costs for the building; an improved environmentally sustainable area in which to live and work; and increased knowledge about the use of solar energy. It will serve as a model for future energy saving applications.

DeClercq, Mark; Martinez, Imelda

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

102

Grande Ronde Basin Supplementation Program; Lostine River, 2001 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC) identified supplementation as a high priority to achieve its goal of increasing runs of anadromous fish in the Columbia Basin. Supplementation activities in the Lostine River and associated monitoring and evaluation conducted by the Nez Perce Tribe relate directly to the needs addressed in the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (NPPC 1994). Measure 7.4L.1 of the Program mandates that appropriate research accompany any proposed supplementation. In addition, measure 7.3B.2 of the Program stresses the need for evaluating supplementation projects to assess their ability to increase production. Finally, Section 7.4D.3 encourages the study of hatchery rearing and release strategies to improve survival and adaptation of cultured fish. In 1997, Oregon Department of Fisheries and Wildlife (ODFW) requested a modification of Permit 1011 to allow the take of adult spring chinook salmon. In 1998, the Nez Perce Tribe also requested a permit specific to activities on Lostine River. The permit was issued in 2000. A special condition in the permits required the development of a long term management plan for the spring chinook salmon of the Grande Ronde Basin. The Nez Perce Tribe, ODFW, and the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) completed a formal long range plan entitled ''Grande Ronde Basin Endemic Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Program''. The program proposes to increase the survival of spring chinook salmon in the Grand Ronde Basin through hatchery intervention. Adult salmon from the Lostine River, Catherine Creek, and the Upper Grande Ronde River are used for a conventional supplementation program in the basin. The Nez Perce program currently operates under the ESA Section 10 Permit 1149.

Onjukka, Sam T. (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Portland, OR); Harbeck, Jim (Nez Perce Tribe, Department of Fisheries Resource Management, Enterprise, OR)

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Grande Ronde Basin Supplementation Program; Lostine River, 2000 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC) identified supplementation as a high priority to achieve its goal of increasing runs of anadromous fish in the Columbia Basin. Supplementation activities in the Lostine River and associated monitoring and evaluation conducted by the Nez Perce Tribe relate directly to the needs addressed in the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (NPPC 1994). Measure 7.4L.1 of the Program mandates that appropriate research accompany any proposed supplementation. In addition, measure 7.3B.2 of the Program stresses the need for evaluating supplementation projects to assess their ability to increase production. Finally, Section 7.4D.3 encourages the study of hatchery rearing and release strategies to improve survival and adaptation of cultured fish. In 1997, Oregon Department of Fisheries and Wildlife (ODFW) requested a modification of Permit 1011 to allow the take of adult spring chinook salmon. In 1998, the Nez Perce Tribe also requested a permit specific to activities on Lostine River. The permit was issued in 2000. A special condition in the permits required the development of a long term management plan for the spring chinook salmon of the Grande Ronde Basin. The Nez Perce Tribe, ODFW, and the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) completed a formal long range plan entitled ''Grande Ronde Basin Endemic Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Program''. The program proposes to increase the survival of spring chinook salmon in the Grand Ronde Basin through hatchery intervention. Adult salmon from the Lostine River, Catherine Creek, and the Upper Grande Ronde River are used for a conventional supplementation program in the basin. The Nez Perce program currently operates under the ESA Section 10 Permit 1149.

Onjukka, Sam T. (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Portland, OR); Harbeck, Jim (Nez Perce Tribe, Department of Fisheries Resource Management, Enterprise, OR)

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Citrus Varieties for the Lower Rio Grande Valley.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lf BRARY, /A & NI COLLEGE, b TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR, College Station, Texas CITRUS VARIETIES FOR THE LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY Mr. H. FRIEND AND J. F. WOOD Division of Horticulture LIBRARY \\gxict... perishable nature of this type of fruit. Limes and lemons may be grown by persons who are financially able to equip their orchards with heaters. There are many types of citrus fruits that may be grown as ornamentals or for special purposes, but none...

Wood, J. F. (John Fielding); Friend, W. H. (William Heartsill)

1941-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Grand Coulee-Creston_FONSI_and_MAP_27May2014  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject: GuidanceNotGrand Coulee-Creston Transmission Line

106

SUNSHOT GRAND CHALLENGE SUMMIT AND PEER REVIEW EVENT PROGRAM  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energy fromCommentsRevolving STATEMENT OF MELANIESUBSIDYSUNSHOT GRAND

107

Cenozoic Landscape Evolution of the Grand Canyon Region, Arizona  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the eastern Grand Canyon by John Lee, Alec Waggoner, and Eugene Symanzski in October, 2005. Mineral separation and sample analysis was done by John Lee at the University of Kansas. Investigation utilizes thermokinetic modeling of synthetically produced 3... of the Colorado River through modern topographic highs. 2.3 Approach and Methodology 2.3.1 Isotherm Deflection The effects of topographic cooling in areas with high-amplitude, long-wavelength topography has been shown to significantly perturb the geometries...

Lee, John

2008-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

108

Grand Blanc Generating Station Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio: Energy ResourcesGordon, Alabama:5 Climate Zone Subtype855°,Grand

109

Grand Mound, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio: Energy ResourcesGordon, Alabama:5 ClimateCounty isColorado:Grand

110

Pico Vermelho-Ribeira Grande Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine: Energy Resources2003)Pickaway County,Vermelho-Ribeira Grande

111

City of Grand Junction, Iowa (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDITOhio (Utility Company)Galion, Ohio (UtilityGoldthwaite,Grafton CityGrand

112

United States Department of Energy, Grand Junction Office  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Grand Junction Office (GJO), US Department of Energy (DOE), develops and administers programs for evaluating domestic uranium resources and the production capability of industry; for developing resource planning information for DOE; and for advancing geologic and geophysical exploration concepts and techniques. In addition, GJO administers the leasing of mineral lands under DOE control, and carries out activities relating to the environmental aspects of uranium mining and milling, including remedial programs. The Office is staffed by administrative and technical program-management personnel. Bendix Field Engineering Corporation (Bendix) is the DOE operating contractor at the Grand Junction, Colorado, Government-owned/contractor-operated (GOCO) facility. The technical staffs of both GJO and Bendix are primarily geoscience-oriented. Specifically during 1980, uranium resource assessment on 135 National Topographic Map Series (NTMS) quadrangles was completed, along with other specific studies, to yield October 1980 national resource estimates. In addition, updated uranium supply analysis and production capability projections were completed. Another key aspect of this successful program was the development of improved geophysical and geochemical equipment and techniques in support of uranium resource assessment. Much of the hardware and know-how developed was turned over to the public and to the uranium industry at large for application to uranium exploration and the assessment of uranium company resources. The Grand Junction Office also participated actively during 1980 in international cooperative research on uranium exploration techniques and on the geology of uranium deposits.

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

,"International Falls, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

International Falls, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of...

114

,"Noyes, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Noyes, MN...

115

,"Warroad, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Warroad, MN...

116

Alignment of micro-crystals of Mn12-acetate and direct observation of single molecules thereof  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation focuses on three separate studies. First, magnetization of the Mn12- acetate was studied by low temperature hysteresis loops and DC magnetization data on magnetically aligned Mn12-acetate micro-crystals. Secondly, Mn12-acetate thin...

Seo, Dongmin

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

117

Sugarcane Trials in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Sugarcane Planting, Hills Farm Near Harlingen, Texas", Gulf Coast Magazine, Octo- ber 1908. 7. Anon. "Big Sugar Mills on Rio Grande ----", San Antonio Express, October 10, 1910. 8. Anon. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Ojficial.... 21. Hebcrt, L. P. "Culture of Sugarcane for Sugar Pmdw tion in Louisiana", Agriculture Hant1l)ook No. 262, Ap cultural Research Service, USDA, June 19Gf. I: 22. Hebert, L. Y. "The 1968 Sugarcane Variety Cearu L Florida", USDA CR-80-68, Nov. 1968...

Cowley, W. R.; Smith, B. A.

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Rio Grande Wild Turkey in Texas: Biology and Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rio Grande yekruT dliW In Texas: Biology and Management B-6198 08-07 James C. Cathey, Texas Cooperative Extension, The Texas A&M University System Kyle Melton, Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences, Texas A&M University Justin... Department Upland Game Bird Program for funding for this work, and the Institute of Renewable Natural Resources at Texas A&M University for their support. Photographs were provided by D. Lang Alford, James R. Cathey, James C. Cathey, Kyle Melton, Justin...

Cathey, James; Melton, Kyle; Dreibelbis, Justin; Cavney, Bob; Locke, Shawn; DeMaso, Stephen; Schwertner, T. Wayne; Collier, Bret

2007-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

119

SU(5) Grand Unification in Pure Gravity Mediation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the proton lifetime in pure gravity mediation models with non-universal Higgs soft masses. Pure gravity mediation offers a simple framework for studying SU(5) grand unified theories with a split supersymmetry like spectra. We find that for much of the parameter space gauge coupling unification is quite good leading to rather long lifetimes for the proton. However, for $m_{3/2}\\sim 60$ TeV and $\\tan\\beta\\sim 4$, for which gauge coupling unification is also good, the proton lifetime is short enough that it could be in reach of future experiments.

Jason L. Evans; Natsumi Nagata; Keith A. Olive

2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

120

Grande Ronde Endemic Spring Chinook Project - ODFW, 2008 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Core activities of the Grande Ronde Endemic Spring Chinook Supplementation Program (GRESCSP) are funded through the authority of the Lower Snake River Fish and Wildlife Compensation Plan (LSRCP). The LSRCP program was approved by the Water Resources Development Act of 1976, PL 94-587, Section 102, 94th Congress substantially in accordance with the Special Report, LSRCP, June 1975 on file with the Chief of Engineers. The LSRCP was prepared and submitted in compliance with the Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act of 1958, PL 85-624, 85th Congress, August 12, 1958 to mitigate for the losses of fish and wildlife caused by the construction of dams on lower Snake River. The GRESCSP is an artificial propagation program that was initiated by Bonneville Power Administrations Fish and Wildlife program in the mid 1990's. The intent of this program was to change the mitigation aspect of the LSRCP program (harvest mitigation) to an integrated supplementation program; inasmuch as, hatchery produced fish could be experimentally used as a recovery tool and fish surplus to mitigation would be available for in-place and in-kind harvest. Fish production is still authorized by the LSRCP with the original mitigation return goal of 5,860 adult spring Chinook to the project area. The GRESCSP was developed with two primary components: (1) conventional broodstock (projects 199800702; 199800703; 199800704) and (2) captive brood (projects 199801001; 199801006). The GRESCSP relies on cooperative M&E efforts from the LSRCP including setting aside the Wenaha and Minam tributaries as natural production reserves components used for reference streams. The GRESCSP, coordinated with federal and tribal partners, identifies production levels for both propagation components and weir management strategies for each of the three supplemented tributary areas within the Grande Ronde Sub-basin. The three supplemented areas are Catherine Creek, Lostine River, and upper Grande Ronde River. Lookingglass Creek, an extirpated area, will be stocked (smolts and adults) with Catherine Creek origin salmon to initiate natural production in unseeded habitat, and to initiate future harvest opportunities. The current production levels have been incorporated into the U.S. v. Oregon Interim Management Agreement. The purpose of this contract is to integrate Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) efforts with the Lower Snake River Compensation Plan (LSRCP) program utilizing Lookingglass Hatchery as the primary rearing facility. BPA constructed an adult holding and spawning structure on the hatchery grounds; however, maintenance of this infrastructure was discontinued due to funding limitation and transferred to the LSRCP program in 2007. These integrated efforts focus on holding and spawning adults, rearing juveniles, fish health, and monitoring natural production (Redd counts) for Catherine Creek, Lostine River, and Upper Grande Ronde stocks.

Patterson, Scott

2009-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

6-arm blue grand design of NGC 309  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The geometry and physics of the spiral structure of the giant Hubble type Sc galaxy NGC 309 is studied. A schematic of two patterns with three arms in each is suggested for the blue spiral. The red and blue patterns form together a grand design with two-fold symmetry. A possible gas-dynamics explanation of the phenomenon is suggested which shows how the two-arm red spiral may induce the formation of the six-arm coherent blue spiral. Key words: galaxies: individual (NGC 309) -- galaxies: spiral

Chernin, A D

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Habitat Appraisal Guide for Rio Grande Wild Turkey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). Spears et al. (2007) found ground vegetation positively infl uenced prefl ight poult survival. Shrubs 2.0?6.5 feet in height provided important cover for prefl ight poults (Spears et al. 2007), and areas with shrubs ?6.5 feet were avoided. As poults... to determine if appropriate conditions exist. This habitat appraisal does not take into account rainfall, which is a very important factor for Rio Grande wild turkeys and habitat. Therefore, it may be necessary to envision areas as they might look under...

Cathey, James; Locke, Shawn; Ransom, Dean; DeMaso, Stephen; Schwertner, T. Wayne; Collier, Bret

2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

123

Methods toward improving 'Grande Rio 66' pepper seed germination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Table 8 Cumulative daily germination percentage of 'Grande Rio 66' seeds after aerating in distilled water for 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours at a temperature of 27+2oC, dried for 24 hours and compared with dry seed placed in petri dishes at the same time... pumps through a series of tubing and rubber corks. After treatment, the seeds were removed from the tubes and dried for 24 hours at a temperature of approximately 38oC. Seeds were then placed in 100 x 15 mm sterilized, d1sposable, plast1c Petri dishes...

Rogers, Barbara Anna

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Moreau-Grand Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocus Area EnergyMohawk MunicipalMontvale, NewMoreau-Grand

125

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Grand Junction Sites  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou are here Home »HillNYEraGeneralGrand Junction Sites

126

Rio Grande County, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, searchVirginia Blue RidgeUniversity ofGeothermalRiggins,RioRio Grande County

127

Rio Grande Electric Coop, Inc (New Mexico) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, searchVirginia Blue RidgeUniversity ofGeothermalRiggins,RioRio Grande

128

Rio Grande Rift Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, searchVirginia Blue RidgeUniversity ofGeothermalRiggins,RioRio Grande

129

Rio Grande Rift Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, searchVirginia Blue RidgeUniversity ofGeothermalRiggins,RioRio GrandeRio

130

Grand Ridge II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:Photon Place: Golden, COIndiana Jump to:Grand Ridge II Wind Farm

131

Grand Ridge III Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:Photon Place: Golden, COIndiana Jump to:Grand Ridge II Wind

132

Grand Terrace, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:Photon Place: Golden, COIndiana Jump to:Grand Ridge II

133

Grand Traverse County, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:Photon Place: Golden, COIndiana Jump to:Grand Ridge IICounty,

134

The 'Grand Paris' Project: Tools and Challenges | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump Jump to:Information 'Grand Paris' Project: Tools and

135

Grand Challenges | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 IndustrialIsadore Perlman,Bios High EnergyEliane SJulyFrequentlyGrand

136

Minnesota Guidestar www.dot.state.mn.us/guidestar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.dot.state.mn.us/guidestar What is ITS? Application of technology to improve the safety and efficiency of the transportation system. #12;Minnesota Guidestar www.dot.state.mn.us/guidestar What is ITS? Traffic Management Signal Systems Ramp Meters Emergency Response Mobile Data Terminals 911 Dispatch RF Data Networks

Minnesota, University of

137

Thermal Stability of MnBi Magnetic Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

MnBi attracts great attention in recent years for its great potential as permanent magnet materials. It is unique because its coercivity increases with increasing temperature, which makes it a good hard phase for exchange coupling nanocomposite magnet. MnBi phase is difficult to obtain, partly because the reaction between Mn and Bi is peritectic, and partly because Mn is easy to react with oxygen. MnO formation is irreversible and causes degradation to the magnetic properties. In this paper, we report our effort on developing MnBi permanent magnet. High purity MnBi (>90%) can be routinely produced in large quantity. The obtained powder exhibit 74 emu/g saturation magnetization at room temperature with 9 T applied field. After alignment, the powder exhibits 11.6 MGOe, and the sintered bulk magnet exhibit 7.8 MGOe at room temperature. Thermal stability study shows that the MnBi is stable up to 473 K in air.

Cui, Jun; Choi, Jung-Pyung; Li, Guosheng; Polikarpov, Evgueni; Darsell, Jens T.; Overman, Nicole R.; Olszta, Matthew J.; Schreiber, Daniel K.; Bowden, Mark E.; Droubay, Timothy C.; Kramer, Matthew J.; Zarkevich, Nikolai; Wang, L. L.; Johnson, Duane D.; Marinescu, Melania; Takeuchi, Ichiro; Huang, Qingzhen; Wu, Hui; Reeve, Hayden; Vuong, Nguyen V.; Liu, J.Ping

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Thermal stability of MnBi magnetic materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

MnBi has attracted much attention in recent years due to its potential as a rare-earth-free permanent magnet material. It is unique because its coercivity increases with increasing temperature, which makes it a good hard phase material for exchange coupling nanocomposite magnets. MnBi phase is difficult to obtain, partly because the reaction between Mn and Bi is peritectic, and partly because Mn reacts readily with oxygen. MnO formation is irreversible and harmful to magnet performance. In this paper, we report our efforts toward developing MnBi permanent magnets. To date, high purity MnBi (>90%) can be routinely produced in large quantities. The produced powder exhibits 74:6 emu g1 saturation magnetization at room temperature with 9 T applied field. After proper alignment, the maximum energy product (BH) max of the powder reached 11.9 MGOe, and that of the sintered bulk magnet reached 7.8 MGOe at room temperature. A comprehensive study of thermal stability shows that MnBi powder is stable up to 473 K in air.

Cui, Jinfang [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Choi, J. P. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Li, G. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Polikarpov, E. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Darsell, J. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Overman, N. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Olszta, M. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Schreiber, D. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Bowden, M. [Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory; Droubay, T. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Kramer, Matthew J. [Ames Laboratory; Zarkevich, Nikolay A. [Ames Laboratory; Wang, L L. [Ames Laboratory; Johnson, Duane D. [Ames Laboratory; Marinescu, M. [Electron Energy Corporation; Takeuchi, I. [University of Maryland; Huang, Q. Z. [National Institute of Standards and Technology; Wu, H. [University of Maryland; Reeve, H. [United Technologies Research Center; Vuong, N. V. [University of Texas; Liu, J P. [University of Texas

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

139

Spectroscopy of Mn atoms isolated in solid {sup 4}He  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an experimental study of the laser-induced luminescence spectra of Mn atoms in solid helium matrices. We observe transitions of the valence electron and of inner-shell electrons. We find that the Mn-He interaction perturbs the inner-shell transitions to a lesser extent than the valence-electron transitions. The observed lineshapes of the inner-shell transitions of Mn are similar to those of an inner-shell transition in Ba studied earlier. At the same time, they are more strongly perturbed than the corresponding transitions in Au and Cu under the same conditions. We suggest a qualitative explanation of these observations based on the atomic bubble model. Our results also suggest that the inner-shell transitions of Mn in solid He are more strongly perturbed than the same lines of Mn isolated in solid Ar or Kr matrices.

Moroshkin, P., E-mail: petr.moroshkin@riken.jp; Lebedev, V.; Weis, A. [Department of Physics, University of Fribourg, Chemin du Muse 3, 1700 Fribourg (Switzerland)

2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

140

Magnetic Moment Enhancement for Mn7 Cluster on Graphene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mn7 cluster on graphene with different structural motifs and magnetic orders are investigated systematically by first-principles calculations. The calculations show that Mn7 on graphene prefers a two-layer motif and exhibits a ferrimagnetic coupling. The magnetic moment of the Mn7 cluster increases from 5.0 ?B at its free-standing state to about 6.0 ?B upon adsorption on graphene. Mn7 cluster also induces about 0.3 ?B of magnetic moment in the graphene layer, leading to an overall enhancement of 1.3 ?B magnetic moment for Mn7 on graphene. Detail electron transfer and bonding analysis have been carried out to investigate the origin of the magnetic enhancement.

Liu, Xiaojie [Ames Laboratory; Wang, Cai-Zhuang [Ames Laboratory; Lin, Hai-Qing [Beijing Computational Science Research Center; Ho, Kai-Ming [Ames Laboratory

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The helium abundances in HgMn and normal stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The parameter-free model of diffusion in the atmospheres of HgMn stars (Michaud 1986; Michaud et al 1979) predicts that helium should sink below the He II ionization zone in order that diffusion of other elements may take place, and that all HgMn stars should have deficits of helium in their photospheres, with a minimum deficit of 0.3 dex. In this study, the Smith & Dworetsky (1993) sample of HgMn stars and normal comparison stars is examined, and the helium abundances determined by spectrum synthesis using echelle spectra taken at Lick Observatory and the AAT. The prediction is confirmed; all HgMn stars are deficient in He by as much as 1.5 dex. Also, two HgMn stars, HR7361 and HR7664, show clear evidence of helium stratification.

M. M. Dworetsky

2004-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

142

Geomorphology of plutonium in the Northern Rio Grande  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nearly all of the plutonium in the natural environment of the Northern Rio Grande is associated with soils and sediment, and river processes account for most of the mobility of these materials. A composite regional budget for plutonium based on multi-decadal averages for sediment and plutonium movement shows that 90 percent of the plutonium moving into the system is from atmospheric fallout. The remaining 10 percent is from releases at Los Alamos. Annual variation in plutonium flux and storage exceeds 100 percent. The contribution to the plutonium budget from Los Alamos is associated with relatively coarse sediment which often behaves as bedload in the Rio Grande. Infusion of these materials into the main stream were largest in 1951, 1952, 1957, and 1968. Because of the schedule of delivery of plutonium to Los Alamos for experimentation and weapons manufacturing, the latter two years are probably the most important. Although the Los Alamos contribution to the entire plutonium budget was relatively small, in these four critical years it constituted 71--86 percent of the plutonium in bedload immediately downstream from Otowi.

Graf, W.L. [Arizona Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States). Dept., of Geography

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

E-Print Network 3.0 - aires grandes inversiones Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

la sera e la mattina... temperatura dell'acqua non risponde velocemente al riscaldamento solare per la grande capacit termica e la... .), a mesoscala (passaggio da zone urbane...

144

INSIDE Waitt Advanced Biophotonics Center Grand Opening One on One with...Thomas Albright REMEMBERINGWylie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INSIDE Waitt Advanced Biophotonics Center Grand Opening One on One with...Thomas Albright Discovery of plant proteins may boost agricultural yields and biofuel production 20 Complex wiring

Bellugi, Ursula

145

Estimating commuter rail demand to Kendall Square along the Grand Junction Corridor .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Since acquiring the Grand Junction Railroad in June 2010 from CSX, the Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority (MBTA) has explored the possibility of using the line (more)

Dohm, James

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

EIS-0344: Grand Coulee-Bell 500 kV Transmission Line  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EIS analyzes DOE's proposed action for the construction and operation of the proposed Grand Coulee-Bell 500-kV Transmission Line Project.

147

Feasibility for Reintroducing Sockeye and Coho Salmon in the Grande Ronde Basin, 1998 Final Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A report concerning the feasibility of reintroducing Sockeye Salmon into Wallowa Lake and Coho Salmon into the Grande Ronde River Basin.

Cramer, Steven P.; Witty, Kenneth L. (S.P. Cramer and Associates, Inc., Gresham, OR)

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Formation of MnSb during the growth of MnSi layers in the presence of an Sb flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Kawasaki 210-0855, Japan Y. Yan National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 S. J a magnetic transition at TC 29.1 K from a paramag- netic state to a helicoidal order.3 An itinerant metamagnetic transition in MnSi has been observed,4,5 and magnetic prop- erties of MnSi under high pressure

Pennycook, Steve

149

Chemical and structural investigation of the role of both Mn and Mn oxide in the formation of manganese silicate barrier layers on SiO{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, Mn silicate (MnSiO{sub 3}) barrier layers were formed on thermally grown SiO{sub 2} using both metallic Mn and oxidized Mn films, in order to investigate the role of oxygen in determining the extent of the interaction between the deposited Mn and the SiO{sub 2} substrate. Using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, it has been shown that a metallic Mn film with an approximate thickness of 1 nm cannot be fully converted to Mn silicate following vacuum annealing to 500 deg. C. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis suggests the maximum MnSiO{sub 3} layer thickness obtainable using metallic Mn is {approx}1.7 nm. In contrast, a {approx}1 nm partially oxidized Mn film can be fully converted to Mn silicate following thermal annealing to 400 deg. C, forming a MnSiO{sub 3} layer with a measured thickness of 2.6 nm. TEM analysis also clearly shows that MnSiO{sub 3} growth results in a corresponding reduction in the SiO{sub 2} layer thickness. It has also been shown that a fully oxidized Mn oxide thin film can be converted to Mn silicate, in the absence of metallic Mn. Based on these results it is suggested that the presence of Mn oxide species at the Mn/SiO{sub 2} interface facilitates the conversion of SiO{sub 2} to MnSiO{sub 3}, in agreement with previously published studies.

Casey, P.; Bogan, J.; Hughes, G. [School of Physical Sciences, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin 9 (Ireland); Lozano, J. G.; Nellist, P. D. [Department of Materials, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PH (United Kingdom)

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Reservoir characterization of the Ribeira Grande (Azores) field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A description is made of the geothermal system located at the Ribeira Grande area in San Miguel Island at Azores. To date, three deep wells have been drilled, two of them are considered to be productive and the other one, although capable of production, has been used as an observation well due to completion problems. One of the wells is presently connected to a 3 MW-portable power plant. A series of tests, including both production and well testing, have been conducted in order to provide a reservoir characterization of the system. Several injection falloff, two rate and multiple rate tests have been carried out, as well as a preliminary interference-type test. A description of results obtained is provided.

Mete, L. (Aquater, Spa, Italy); Rivera-Rodriguez, J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Grand Ronde Basin Fish Habitat Enhancement Project, 2008 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On July 1, 1984 the Bonneville Power Administration and the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife entered into an intergovernmental contract to initiate fish habitat enhancement work in the Joseph Creek subbasin of the Grande Ronde River Basin in northeast Oregon. In 1985 the Upper and Middle Grande Ronde River, and Catherine Creek subbasins were included in the contract, and in 1996 the Wallowa River subbasin was added. The primary goal of 'The Grande Ronde Basin Fish Habitat Enhancement Project' is to create, protect, and restore riparian and instream habitat for anadromous salmonids, thereby maximizing the opportunities for natural fish production within the basin. This project originally provided for implementation of Program Measure 703 (C)(1), Action Item 4.2 of the Northwest Power Planning Council's Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (NPPC, 1987), and continues to be implemented under revisions of the Fish and Wild Program as offsite mitigation for mainstem fishery losses caused by the Columbia River hydro-electric system. All work conducted by the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife and partners is on private lands and therefore requires considerable time be spent developing rapport with landowners to gain acceptance, and continued cooperation with this program throughout 10-15 year lease periods. Both passive and active restoration treatment techniques are used. Passive regeneration of habitat, using riparian exclosure fencing and alternate water sources, is the primary method to restore degraded streams when restoration can be achieved primarily through changes in management. Active restoration techniques using plantings, bioengineering, site-specific instream structures, or whole stream channel alterations are utilized when streams are more severely degraded and not likely to recover in a reasonable timeframe. Individual projects contribute to and complement ecosystem and basin-wide watershed restoration efforts that are underway by state, federal, and tribal agencies, and coordinated by the Grande Ronde Model Watershed Program (Project. No. 199202601). Work undertaken during 2008 included: (1) completing 1 new fencing project in the North Fork John Day subbasin that protects 1.82 miles of stream and 216.2 acres of habitat, and 1 fencing project in the Wallowa subbasin that protects an additional 0.59 miles of stream and 42.5 acres of habitat; (2) constructing 0.47 miles of new channel on the Wallowa river to enhance habitat, restore natural channel dimensions, pattern and profile and reconnect approximately 18 acres of floodplain and wetland habitat; (3) planting 10,084 plants along 0.5 miles of the Wallowa Riverproject; (4) establishing 34 new photopoints on 5 projects and retaking 295 existing photopoint pictures; (5) monitoring stream temperatures at 10 locations on 5 streams and conducting other monitoring activities; (6) completing riparian fence, water gap and other maintenance on 116.8 miles of project fences; and (7) completed a comprehensive project summary report to the Independent Scientific Review panel (ISRP) that provided our conclusions regarding benefits to focal species, along with management recommendations for the future. Since initiation of this program 57 individual projects have been implemented, monitoring and maintained along 84.9 miles of anadromous fish bearing streams, that protect and enhance 3,564 acres of riparian and instream habitat.

McGowan, Vance R.; Morton, Winston H. [Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife] [Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Unusual Structure and Magnetism in MnO Nanoclusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report an unusual evolution of structure and magnetism in stoichiometric MnO clusters based on an extensive and unbiased search through the potential energy surface within density functional theory. The smaller clusters, containing up to five MnO units, adopt two-dimensional structures; and regardless of the size of the cluster, magnetic coupling is found to be antiferromagnetic in contrast to previous theoretical findings. Predicted structure and magnetism are strikingly different from the magnetic core of Mn-based molecular magnets, whereas they were previously argued to be similar. Both of these features are explained through the inherent electronic structures of the clusters.

Ganguly, Shreemoyee; Sanyal, Biplab; Mookerjee, Abhijit; 10.1103/PhysRevB.83.020411

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Parallel Polarization EPR Characterization of the Mn(III) Center of Oxidized Manganese Superoxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parallel Polarization EPR Characterization of the Mn(III) Center of Oxidized Manganese Superoxide polarization CW-EPR to investigate the paramagnetic Mn3+ ion of the MnSOD enzyme from Escherichia coli with a positive axial zero-field splitting value, D, are arranged as shown in Figure 1. An EPR signal from the Mn

Miller, Anne-Frances

154

Magnetic Flux Transport Simulations of Solar Surface Magnetic Distributions During a Grand Minimum.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Scotland, KY16 9SS. Abstract. It is well known that magnetic activity on the Sun modulates from one cycle strongly depend on the phase of the cycle in which the grand minimum starts and whether it lasts for an odd or even number of cycles. If the grand minimum starts around cycle minimum then a signi#12;cant amount

Mackay, Duncan

155

Institutional Adjustments for Coping with Prolonged and Severe Drought in the Rio Grande Basin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and industrial needs of cities like Albuquerque and El Paso, the Rio Grande represents a significant resource in the arid southwest. In 1938, Congress approved the Rio Grande Compact which divided the annual water flow among the three states of Colorado, New...

Ward, Frank A.; Young, Robert; Lacewell, Ronald D.; King, J. Philip; Frasier, Marshall; McGuckin, J. Thomas; DuMars, Charles R.; Booker, James; Ellis, John; Srinivasan, Raghavan

156

Research and management of soil, plant, animal, and human resources in the Middle Rio Grande Basin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research and management of soil, plant, animal, and human resources in the Middle Rio Grande Basin in 1994 called. "Ecology, diversity, and sustainability of soil, plant, animal, and human resources, Diversity, and Sustainability of Soil, Plant, Animal, and Human resources of the Rio Grande Basin" (Finch

157

Is There A Grand Challenge or X-Prize for Data Mining? Gregory Piatetsky-Shapiro  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Identifying all genes and potential therapeutic targets for cancer · A text-mining and understanding systemIs There A Grand Challenge or X-Prize for Data Mining? Gregory Piatetsky-Shapiro KDnuggets gps and motivating Grand Challenge problems for Data Mining, focusing on bioinformatics, multimedia mining, link

Grossman, Robert

158

J. Field Ornithol. 76(1):1220, 2005 Survival of Rio Grande Wild Turkey chicks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12 J. Field Ornithol. 76(1):12­20, 2005 Survival of Rio Grande Wild Turkey chicks Brian L. Spears,1 determined pre-flight daily survival of Rio Grande Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo intermedia) chicks from, survival, telemetry, turkey Increasing population recruitment through reproductive success is often key

Wallace, Mark C.

159

EIS-0485: Interconnection of the Grande Prairie Wind Farm, Holt County, Nebraska  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOEs Western Area Power Administration is preparing an EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts of interconnecting the proposed Grande Prairie Wind Farm, in Holt County, near ONeill, Nebraska, to Westerns power transmission system. The project website is http://www.wapa.gov/ugp/Environment/GrandePrairie.htm.

160

BOTANICAL SURVEY OF WINTER PARK RESORT, ARAPAHO NATIONAL FOREST, GRAND COUNTY, COLORADO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BOTANICAL SURVEY OF WINTER PARK RESORT, ARAPAHO NATIONAL FOREST, GRAND COUNTY, COLORADO Colorado Natural Heritage Program College of Natural Resources, 8002 Campus Delivery Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-8002 #12;BOTANICAL SURVEY OF WINTER PARK RESORT, ARAPAHO NATIONAL FOREST, GRAND

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Transverse acoustic actuation of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two methods for the transverse acoustic actuation of {110}-cut Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals are discussed. In this actuation mode, crystals are used that have the {110}- type twinning planes parallel to the base of the crystal. ...

Simon, Jesse Matthew

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Cave and cliff swallows as indicators of exposure and effects of environmental contaminants on birds from the Rio Grande, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cave (Petrochelidon fulva) and cliff swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) were collected along the Rio Grande and evaluated as potential indicators of environmental contamination. The Rio Grande receives toxic substances from agricultural...

Musquiz, Daniel

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

Ambi-site substitution of Mn in lanthanum germanate apatites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A neutron diffraction study at 4 K of the Mn doped lanthanum germanate apatite-type oxide ion conductor of nominal starting composition 'La{sub 9.5}Mn{sub 0.5}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 6}O{sub 2.75}' is reported. The structure was refined in space group P6{sub 3}/m, although high thermal displacement parameters were observed for the oxide ion sites (particularly O3, and O4). Reduced thermal displacement parameters were obtained by splitting the O3 site, and allowing the O4 oxygen to move off site, which may indicate local regions of lower symmetry within the structure. In addition, the data suggested ambi-site substitution of Mn, with it being present on both the Ge site and the La site. Assuming no change in La:Mn:Ge ratio, a composition of La{sub 9.18}Mn{sub 0.28}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 5.8}(MnO{sub 4}){sub 0.2}O{sub 2} was determined. As such there are nominally no interstitial oxide ions, but rather cation vacancies on the La site. Therefore, the high conductivity for this sample is most likely related to the introduction of Frenkel-type defects at higher temperature, as previously proposed for other apatite-type systems containing vacancies on the La site.

Kendrick, E. [Chemical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH (United Kingdom); Knight, K.S. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Slater, P.R., E-mail: p.r.slater@bham.ac.uk [School of Chemistry, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom)

2009-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

164

Magnetoluminescence of CdTe/MnTe/CdMgTe heterostructures with ultrathin MnTe layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CdTe/MnTe/CdMgTe quantum-well structures with one or two monolayers of MnTe inserted at CdTe/CdMgTe interfaces were fabricated. The spectra of the excitonic luminescence from CdTe quantum wells and their variation with temperature indicate that introduction of ultrathin MnTe layers improves the interface quality. The effect of a magnetic field in the Faraday configuration on the spectral position of the exciton-emission peaks indicates that frustration of magnetic moments in one-monolayer MnTe insertions is weaker than in two-monolayer insertions. The effect of a magnetic field on the exciton localization can be explained in terms of the exciton wave-function shrinkage and obstruction of the photoexcited charge-carrier motion in the quantum well.

Agekyan, V. F., E-mail: vfag@rambler.ru [St. Petersburg State University, Fock Institute of Physics (Russian Federation); Holz, P. O. [Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics (Poland); Karczewski, G. [Linkoeping University (Sweden); Katz, V. N. [St. Petersburg State University, Fock Institute of Physics (Russian Federation); Moskalenko, E. S. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Serov, A. Yu.; Filosofov, N. G. [St. Petersburg State University, Fock Institute of Physics (Russian Federation)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

Diversity of Mn oxides produced by Mn(II)-oxidizing fungi. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesDataTranslocationDiurnal Cycle of Convection atDiversity of Mn

166

Application of Mn/DOT Utility Coordination Process to Local Agencies Based on national best practices, the Minnesota Department of Transportation (Mn/DOT) Utility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application of Mn/DOT Utility Coordination Process to Local Agencies Based on national best practices, the Minnesota Department of Transportation (Mn/DOT) Utility Coordination Process incorporates Processes There are projects where the full process is not necessary. The Mn/DOT Utilities Manual provides

Minnesota, University of

167

Comparison of the EXAFS Spectra of Heteronuclear MnCa/Sr Model Complexes to the Oxygen-Evolving Mn(4)Ca Complex of Photosystem II  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heterometallic Mn-Ca and Mn-Sr complexes have been prepared and employed as model complexes for Ca and Sr EXAFS spectral comparisons with the Oxygen-Evolving Complex (OEC) of Photosystem II (PS II); these have revealed similarities that support the presence of at least one O atom bridge between the Mn and Ca/Sr in the OEC.

Mishra, A.; Yano, J.; Pushkar, Y.; Abboud, K.A.; Yachandra, V.K.; Christou, G.

2009-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

168

Advanced Resin Cleaning System (ARCS) at Grand Gulf Nuclear Station  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Steam generation system in-core components can undergo serious material degradation by a variety of corrosion-related phenomena. These phenomena are largely controlled by boiler water (i.e. reactor water) chemistry which is strongly impacted by the performance of the condensate system mixed bed ion exchange units. In Boiling Water Reactors (BWR), the mixed bed ion exchange units not only provide protection from ionic contaminants, but also remove insoluble corrosion products by filtration/adsorption. These insoluble corrosion products removed by the ion exchange units must then be periodically cleaned from the resin bed by some process external to the BWR primary water loop. A unique resin cleaning process called the {open_quotes}Advanced Resin Cleaning System{close_quotes} (ARCS) was developed in the late 1980`s by members of CENTEC-XXI, located in Santa Clara, CA. This system, which has been successfully operated for several years at a Pressurized Water Reactor is highly efficient for removal of both insoluble corrosion products and anion/cation resin fines, and generates significantly less waste water than other cleaning methods. The ARCS was considered the most attractive method for meeting the demanding and costly resin cleaning needs of a BWR. A {open_quotes}Tailored Collaboration{close_quotes} project was initiated between EPRI, Entergy Operations (Grand Gulf Station), and CENTEC-XXI to demonstrate the {open_quotes}Advanced Resin Cleaning System{close_quotes} in a BWR.

Asay, R.H.; Earls, J.E.; Naughton, M.D. [Centec 21, Inc., Santa Clara, CA (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Grand challenge problems in environmental modeling and remediation: Groundwater contaminant transport. Final project report 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The over-reaching goal of the Groundwater Grand Challenge component of the Partnership in Computational Science (PICS) was to develop and establish the massively parallel approach for the description of groundwater flow and transport and to address the problem of uncertainties in the data and its interpretation. This necessitated the development of innovative algorithms and the implementation of massively parallel computational tools to provide a suite of simulators for groundwater flow and transport in heterogeneous media. This report summarizes the activities and deliverables of the Groundwater Grand Challenge project funded through the High Performance Computing grand challenge program of the Department of Energy from 1995 through 1997.

NONE

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Hydrothermal synthesis and catalytic properties of {alpha}- and {beta}-MnO{sub 2} nanorods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One-dimensional {alpha}-MnO{sub 2} and {beta}-MnO{sub 2} single-crystalline nanostructures were prepared by hydrothermal process. The products were characterized in detail by multiform techniques: X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. Experimental results indicate that the temperature plays important roles in determining produce {alpha}-MnO{sub 2} and {beta}-MnO{sub 2} nanorods. In addition, the as-prepared {alpha}-MnO{sub 2} and {beta}-MnO{sub 2} nanorods showed excellent catalytic performance in the Fenton-like reaction.

Cao, Guangsheng, E-mail: daqingcgs@163.com [Key Laboratory of Enhanced Oil and Gas Recovery of Ministry of Education, Daqing Petroleum Institute, Daqing 163318 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Enhanced Oil and Gas Recovery of Ministry of Education, Daqing Petroleum Institute, Daqing 163318 (China); Su, Ling; Zhang, Xiaojuan; Li, Hui [Key Laboratory of Enhanced Oil and Gas Recovery of Ministry of Education, Daqing Petroleum Institute, Daqing 163318 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Enhanced Oil and Gas Recovery of Ministry of Education, Daqing Petroleum Institute, Daqing 163318 (China)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

Spin dependent transport properties of Mn-Ga/MgO/Mn-Ga magnetic tunnel junctions with metal(Mg, Co, Cr) insertion layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a first principles theoretical investigation of spin polarized quantum transport in Mn{sub 2}Ga/MgO/Mn{sub 2}Ga and Mn{sub 3}Ga/MgO/Mn{sub 3}Ga magnetic tunneling junctions (MTJs) with the consideration of metal(Mg, Co, Cr) insertion layer effect. By changing the concentration of Mn, our calculation shows a considerable disparity in transport properties: A tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) ratio of 852% was obtained for Mn{sub 2}Ga-based MTJs, however, only a 5% TMR ratio for Mn{sub 3}Ga-based MTJs. In addition, the influence of insertion layer has been considered in our calculation. We found the Co insertion layer can increase the TMR of Mn{sub 2}Ga-based MTJ to 904%; however, the Cr insertion layer can decrease the TMR by 668%; A negative TMR ratio can be obtained with Mg insertion layer. Our work gives a comprehensive understanding of the influence of different insertion layer in Mn-Ga based MTJs. It is proved that, due to the transmission can be modulated by the interfacial electronic structure of insertion, the magnetoresistance ratio of Mn{sub 2}Ga/MgO/Mn{sub 2}Ga MTJ can be improved by inserting Co layer.

Liang, S. H.; Tao, L. L.; Liu, D. P., E-mail: dpliu@iphy.ac.cn; Han, X. F., E-mail: xfhan@iphy.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of Magnetism, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Lu, Y. [Institut Jean Lamour, UMR 7198, CNRS-Nancy Universit, BP 239, 54506 Vandoeuvre (France)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

172

A comparative study of magnetic behaviors in TbNi{sub 2}, TbMn{sub 2} and TbNi{sub 2}Mn  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

All TbNi{sub 2}, TbMn{sub 2}, and TbNi{sub 2}Mn compounds exhibit the cubic Laves phase with AB{sub 2}-type structure in spite of the fact that the ratio of the Tb to transition-metal components in TbNi{sub 2}Mn is 1:3. Rietveld refinement indicates that in TbNi{sub 2}Mn the Mn atoms are distributed on both the A (8a) and B (16d) sites. The values of the lattice constants were measured to be a?=?14.348? (space group F-43?m), 7.618?, and 7.158? (space group Fd-3?m) for TbNi{sub 2}, TbMn{sub 2}, and TbNi{sub 2}Mn, respectively. The magnetic transition temperatures T{sub C} were found to be T{sub C}?=?38?K and T{sub C}?=?148?K for TbNi{sub 2} and TbNi{sub 2}Mn, respectively, while two magnetic phase transitions are detected for TbMn{sub 2} at T{sub 1}?=?20?K and T{sub 2}?=?49?K. Clear magnetic history effects in a low magnetic field are observed in TbMn{sub 2} and TbNi{sub 2}Mn. The magnetic entropy changes have been obtained.

Wang, J. L., E-mail: jianli@uow.edu.au [Institute for Superconductivity and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522 (Australia); Bragg Institute, ANSTO, Lucas Heights, NSW 2234 (Australia); Md Din, M. F.; Hong, F.; Cheng, Z. X.; Dou, S. X. [Institute for Superconductivity and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522 (Australia); Kennedy, S. J.; Studer, A. J. [Bragg Institute, ANSTO, Lucas Heights, NSW 2234 (Australia); Campbell, S. J. [School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Canberra, ACT 2600 (Australia); Wu, G. H. [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100190 (China)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

173

The SO2 Allowance Trading System: The Ironic History of a Grand Policy Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two decades have passed Two decades have passed since the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 launched a grand experiment in market-based environmental policy: the SO2 cap-and-trade system. That system performed well but ...

Schmalensee, Richard

174

Building a Grand Paris: French Neoliberalism and the Politics of Urban Spatial Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

de la dcentralisation. Paris: LHarmattan, 2009. Williams,Jobert, 2186. Paris: LHarmattan, 1994. Jordan, David P.by Bruno Jobert (Paris: LHarmattan, 1994). Blanc, Le Grand

Enright, Theresa Erin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Vegetation, soils, and surface hydrology of playa landforms in the Rio Grande Plains, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Playas in the Rio Grande Plains of southern Texas were compared with respect to their: 1) size, shape, soil properties, and microtopography, 2) vegetation composition and structure, 3) surface water accumulation potential, and 4) disturbance history...

Farley, Andrea Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

176

Microsoft Word - CX-GrandCoulee-OkanoganWP-AR-Landing_WEB.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-Bell-1 SUBJECT: Environmental Cleareance Memorandum Jim Semrau Robert Keudell Road Engineer - TELF-TPP-3 Line Foreman III - TFWK-Grand Coulee Todd Wehner...

177

Microsoft Word - CX-GrandCoulee-ChiefJoseph_ARandWood Poles_WEB...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-Bell-1 SUBJECT: Environmental Cleareance Memorandum Todd Wehner Road Engineer - TELF-TPP-3 Robert Keudell Line Foreman III - TFWK-Grand Coulee Robert Zellar...

178

E-Print Network 3.0 - alto rio grande Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences 73 Bull. Soc. PatJi. Ex., 89, 1996, 128-136 Summary: DEN-2, sont touchs (du nord au sud) les tats du Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraiba, Pernambuco... :...

179

The systemic and ideological sources of grand strategic doctrine : American foreign policy in the twentieth century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What explains the puzzling variation in America's foreign policy posture? This study proposes and tests a theory of American grand strategy that places an emphasis on two key variables: the ideological content of American ...

Green, Brendan Rittenhouse

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Media Invitation: 2014 SunShot Grand Challenge Summit and Peer...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Energy (DOE) SunShot Initiative's 2014 Grand Challenge Summit and Peer Review in Anaheim, California from May 19-22, 2014. Only three years into the decade-long SunShot Initiative,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Influences of vegetation characteristics and invertebrate abundance of Rio Grande wild turkey populations, Edwards Plateau, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since 1970, Rio Grande wild turkey (Meleagris gallapavo intermedia) numbers in the southern region of the Edwards Plateau of Texas have been declining. Nest-site characteristics and invertebrate abundance were hypothesized as limiting wild turkey...

Randel, Charles Jack

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

182

An applied paleoecology case study: Bahia Grande, Texas prior to construction of the Brownsville Ship Channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

out a comprehensive survey of the entire Texas coastline in the 1970s and 1980s including an examination of sedimentology, geochemistry, bathymetry, and both live and dead benthic invertebrates (White et al. 1983, 1986, 1989). Although Bahia Grande...

Lichlyter, Stephen Alvah

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

183

Nesting ecology of Rio Grande wild turkeys in the Edwards Plateau of Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NESTING ECOLOGY OF RIO GRANDE WILD TURKEYS IN THE EDWARDS PLATEAU OF TEXAS A Thesis by JUSTIN ZACHARY DREIBELBIS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2008 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences NESTING ECOLOGY OF RIO GRANDE WILD TURKEYS IN THE EDWARDS PLATEAU OF TEXAS A Thesis by JUSTIN ZACHARY DREIBELBIS Submitted to the Office...

Dreibelbis, Justin Zachary

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

184

Industrial Heat Pumps: Appropriate Placement and Sizing Using the Grand Composite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDUSTRIAL HEAT PUMPS: APPROPRIATE PLACEMENT AND SIZING USING THE GRAND COMPOSITE Saidas M.-Ranade. Eric Hindmarsh and David Boland TENSA Services, Houston, TX ABSTRACT Correct thermodynamic placement ofheat~umps is a necessary condition... characteristics of the total process may result in inefficient designs and is detrimental to the "image" of industrial heat pumps. In this paper the heat pump placement is dis cussed in the context of the total process. The process grand composite curve...

Ranade, S. M.; Hindmarsh, E.; Boland, D.

185

Economies of size in municipal water treatment technologies: Texas lower Rio Grande Valley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECONOMIES OF SIZE IN MUNICIPAL WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES: TEXAS LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER NEIL BOYER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2008 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics ECONOMIES OF SIZE IN MUNICIPAL WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES: TEXAS LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER NEIL BOYER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies...

Boyer, Christopher Neil

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

186

Greenhouse space allocation in the ornamental foliage industry in the Rio Grande Valley of Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GREENHOUSE SPACE ALLOCATION IN THE ORNAMENTAL FOLIAGE INDUSTRY IN THE RIO GRANDE VALLEY OF TEXAS A Thesis by BRENDA DEA LANG KRAFKA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1986 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics GREENHOUSE SPACE ALLOCATION IN THE ORNAMENTAL FOLIAGE INDUSTRY IN THE RIO GRANDE VALLEY OF TEXAS A Thesis by BRENDA DEA LANG KRAFKA Approved as to style and content by...

Krafka, Brenda Dea Lang

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Interacting Topological Insulator and Emergent Grand Unified Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivated by the Pati-Salam Grand Unified Theory, we study $(4+1)d$ topological insulators with $SU(4) \\times SU(2)_1 \\times SU(2)_2$ symmetry, whose $(3+1)d$ boundary has 16 flavors of left-chiral fermions, which form representations $(\\mathbf{4}, \\mathbf{2}, \\mathbf{1})$ and $(\\bar{\\mathbf{4}}, \\mathbf{1}, \\mathbf{2})$. The key result we obtain is that, without any interaction, this topological insulator has a $\\mathbb{Z}$ classification, namely any quadratic fermion mass operator at the $(3+1)d $ boundary is prohibited by the symmetries listed above; while under interaction this system becomes trivial, namely its $(3+1)d$ boundary can be gapped out by a properly designed short range interaction without generating nonzero vacuum expectation value of any fermion bilinear mass, or in other words, its $(3+1)d$ boundary can be driven into a "strongly coupled symmetric gapped (SCSG) phase". Based on this observation, we propose that after coupling the system to a dynamical $SU(4) \\times SU(2)_1 \\times SU(2)_2$ lattice gauge field, the Pati-Salam GUT can be fully regularized as the boundary states of a $(4+1)d$ topological insulator with a {\\it thin} fourth spatial dimension, the thin fourth dimension makes the entire system generically a $(3+1)d$ system. The mirror sector on the opposite boundary will {\\it not} interfere with the desired GUT, because the mirror sector is driven to the SCSG phase by a carefully designed interaction and is hence decoupled from the GUT.

Yi-Zhuang You; Cenke Xu

2015-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

188

High performance computing and communications grand challenges program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The so-called protein folding problem has numerous aspects, however it is principally concerned with the {ital de novo} prediction of three-dimensional (3D) structure from the protein primary amino acid sequence, and with the kinetics of the protein folding process. Our current project focuses on the 3D structure prediction problem which has proved to be an elusive goal of molecular biology and biochemistry. The number of local energy minima is exponential in the number of amino acids in the protein. All current methods of 3D structure prediction attempt to alleviate this problem by imposing various constraints that effectively limit the volume of conformational space which must be searched. Our Grand Challenge project consists of two elements: (1) a hierarchical methodology for 3D protein structure prediction; and (2) development of a parallel computing environment, the Protein Folding Workbench, for carrying out a variety of protein structure prediction/modeling computations. During the first three years of this project, we are focusing on the use of two proteins selected from the Brookhaven Protein Data Base (PDB) of known structure to provide validation of our prediction algorithms and their software implementation, both serial and parallel. Both proteins, protein L from {ital peptostreptococcus magnus}, and {ital streptococcal} protein G, are known to bind to IgG, and both have an {alpha} {plus} {beta} sandwich conformation. Although both proteins bind to IgG, they do so at different sites on the immunoglobin and it is of considerable biological interest to understand structurally why this is so. 12 refs., 1 fig.

Solomon, J.E.; Barr, A.; Chandy, K.M.; Goddard, W.A., III; Kesselman, C.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Mn-Fe base and Mn-Cr-Fe base austenitic alloys  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Manganese-iron base and manganese-chromium-iron base austenitic alloys designed to have resistance to neutron irradiation induced swelling and low activation have the following compositions (in weight percent): 20 to 40 Mn; up to about 15 Cr; about 0.4 to about 3.0 Si; an austenite stabilizing element selected from C and N, alone or in combination with each other, and in an amount effective to substantially stabilize the austenite phase, but less than about 0.7 C, and less than about 0.3 N; up to about 2.5 V; up to about 0.1 P; up to about 0.01 B; up to about 3.0 Al; up to about 0.5 Ni; up to about 2.0 W; up to about 1.0 Ti; up to about 1.0 Ta; and with the remainder of the alloy being essentially iron.

Brager, Howard R. (Richland, WA); Garner, Francis A. (Richland, WA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon for Li-ion Battery Cathode. LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon for Li-ion...

191

Electrodeposited Al-Mn Alloys with Microcrystalline, Nanocrystalline, Amorphous and Nano-quasicrystalline Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AlMn alloys with Mn content ranging from 0 to 15.8 at.% are prepared by electrodeposition from an ionic liquid at room temperature, and exhibit a remarkably broad range of structures. The alloys are characterized through ...

Ruan, Shiyun

192

Distinct local electronic structure and magnetism for Mn in amorphous Si and Ge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Li, A. P. et al. Magnetism in Mn x Ge 1-x semiconductorsElectronic Structure and Magnetism for Mn in Amorphous Sistructure that determines magnetism. Figure 3 shows XAS data

Zeng, Li

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Mn12-acetate thin film patterns and their interaction with superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mn12-acetate single-molecule magnets (SMMs) are nano-scale magnets showing a strong magnetic anisotropy, slow relaxation and stepwise magnetic hysteresis curves. Possible applications of Mn12-acetate, e.g. for ultra high density magnetic information...

Kim, Kyongwan

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

194

On deformation twinning in a 17.5%Mn-TWIP steel: A physically...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

On deformation twinning in a 17.5%Mn-TWIP steel: A physically-based phenomenological model. On deformation twinning in a 17.5%Mn-TWIP steel: A physically-based phenomenological...

195

Pulsed laser deposition of Mn doped CdSe quantum dots for improved solar cell performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, we demonstrate (1) a facile method to prepare Mn doped CdSe quantum dots (QDs) on Zn{sub 2}SnO{sub 4} photoanodes by pulsed laser deposition and (2) improved device performance of quantum dot sensitized solar cells of the Mn doped QDs (CdSe:Mn) compared to the undoped QDs (CdSe). The band diagram of photoanode Zn{sub 2}SnO{sub 4} and sensitizer CdSe:Mn QD is proposed based on the incident-photon-to-electron conversion efficiency (IPCE) data. Mn-modified band structure leads to absorption at longer wavelengths than the undoped CdSe QDs, which is due to the exchange splitting of the CdSe:Mn conduction band by the Mn dopant. Three-fold increase in the IPCE efficiency has also been observed for the Mn doped samples.

Dai, Qilin; Wang, Wenyong, E-mail: wwang5@uwyo.edu, E-mail: jtang2@uwyo.edu; Tang, Jinke, E-mail: wwang5@uwyo.edu, E-mail: jtang2@uwyo.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071 (United States); Sabio, Erwin M. [Department of Chemistry, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071 (United States)

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

196

Engineering the magnetic properties of the Mn13 cluster by doping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With a goal to produce a giant magnetic moment in a Mn13 cluster that will be useful for practical applications, we have considered the structure and magnetic properties of a pure Mn13 cluster and substitutionally doped ...

Datta, Soumendu

197

X-ray absorption study of the electronic structure of Mn-doped amorphous Si  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-ray absorption study of the electronic structure of Mn-?x ) is studied by X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the Mn Land featureless L 3,2 absorption peaks, corresponding to an

Zeng, Li

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

E-Print Network 3.0 - al fe mn Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Cheng Kung University Collection: Physics 4 Valence states of transition-metal ions in cubic perovskites SrMn1-xFexO3 H. J. Lee,a Summary: the Mn 3d resonance and...

199

Effect of Composition and Heat Treatment on MnBi Magnetic Materials...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Abstract: The metallic compound MnBi is a promising rare-earth-free permanent magnet material. Compare to other rare-earth-free candidates, MnBi stands out for its high...

200

Disentangling the Mn moments on different sublattices in the half-metallic ferrimagnet Mn3?xCoxGa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ferrimagnetic Mn{sub 3-x}Co{sub x}Ga compounds have been investigated by magnetic circular dichroism in x-ray absorption (XMCD). Compounds with x > 0.5 crystallize in the CuHg{sub 2}Ti structure. A tetragonal distortion of the cubic structure occurs for x {le} 0.5. For the cubic phase, magnetometry reveals a linearly increasing magnetization of 2x Bohr magnetons per formula unit obeying the generalized Slater-Pauling rule. XMCD confirms the ferrimagnetic character with Mn atoms occupying two different sublattices with antiparallel spin orientation and different degrees of spin localization and identifies the region 0.6 < x {le} 0.8 as most promising for a high spin polarization at the Fermi level. Individual Mn moments on inequivalent sites are compared to theoretical predictions.

Klaer, P.; Jenkins, C.A.; Alijani, V.; Winterlik, J.; Balke, B.; Felser, C.; Elmers, H.J.

2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Novel frustrated magnetic lattice based on triangular [Mn3(m3-F)] clusters with tetrazole ligands{  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Novel frustrated magnetic lattice based on triangular [Mn3(m3-F)] clusters with tetrazole ligands701840a Unprecedented [MnII 3(m3-F)(m-N­N)3] triangular clusters with tetrazole ligands are linked by Mn the tetrazolate ligands, which possess additional N-donor sites for network formation. To our knowledge, [M3(m3-X

Gao, Song

202

On the role of Mn(IV) vacancies in the photoreductive dissolution of hexagonal birnessite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photoreductive dissolution of layer type Mn(IV) oxides (birnessite) under sunlight illumination to form soluble Mn(II) has been observed in both field and laboratory settings, leading to a consensus that this process is a key driver of the biogeochemical cycling of Mn in the euphotic zones of marine and freshwater ecosystems. However, the underlying mechanisms for the process remain unknown, although they have been linked to the semiconducting characteristics of hexagonal birnessite, the ubiquitous Mn(IV) oxide produced mainly by bacterial oxidation of soluble Mn(II). One of the universal properties of this biogenic mineral is the presence of Mn(IV) vacancies, long-identified as strong adsorption sites for metal cations. In this paper, the possible role of Mn vacancies in photoreductive dissolution is investigated theoretically using quantum mechanical calculations based on spin-polarized density functional theory (DFT). Our DFT study demonstrates unequivocally that Mn vacancies significantly reduce the band-gap energy for hexagonal birnessite relative to a hypothetical vacancy-free MnO{sub 2} and thus would increase the concentration of photo-induced electrons available for Mn(IV) reduction upon illumination of the mineral by sunlight. Calculations of the charge distribution in the presence of vacancies, although not fully conclusive, show a clear separation of photo-induced electrons and holes, implying a slow recombination of these charge-carriers that facilitates the two-electron reduction of Mn(IV) to Mn(II).

Kwon, K.D.; Refson, K.; Sposito, G.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Cationic disorder and Mn{sup 3+}/Mn{sup 4+} charge ordering in the B? and B? sites of Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}NbO{sub 9} perovskite: a comparison with Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}WO{sub 9}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the preparation, crystal structure determination, magnetic and transport properties of two novel Mn-containing perovskites, with a different electronic configuration for Mn atoms located in B site. Ca{sub 3}Mn{sup 3+}{sub 2}WO{sub 9} and Ca{sub 3}Mn{sup 3+/4+}{sub 2}NbO{sub 9} were synthesized by standard ceramic procedures; the crystallographic structure was studied from X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and neutron powder diffraction (NPD). Both phases exhibit a monoclinic symmetry (S.G.: P2{sub 1}/n); Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}WO{sub 9} presents a long-range ordering over the B sites, whereas Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}NbO{sub 9} is strongly disordered. By in-situ NPD, the temperature evolution of the structure study presents an interesting evolution in the octahedral size (?MnO?) for Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}NbO{sub 9}, driven by a charge ordering effect between Mn{sup 3+} and Mn{sup 4+} atoms, related to the anomaly observed in the transport measurements at T?160 K. Both materials present a magnetic order below T{sub C}=30 K and 40 K for W and Nb materials, respectively. The magneto-transport measurements display non-negligible magnetoresistance properties in the paramagnetic regime. - Graphical abstract: Comparison between the octahedron size and the magnetic behaviour for Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}NbO{sub 9} in the temperature region where the charge and magnetic order occur. Display Omitted - Highlights: Two novel Mn-containing double perovskites were obtained by solid-state reactions. Both double perovskites are monoclinic (P2{sub 1}/n) determined by XRPD and NPD. Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}WO{sub 9} contains Mn{sup 3+} while Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}NbO{sub 9} includes mixed-valence cations Mn{sup 3+}/Mn{sup 4+}. Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}NbO{sub 9} presents a charge-ordering effect between Mn{sup 3+} and Mn{sup 4+} evidenced by NPD. The magnetic and transport studies evidenced the charge ordering in Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}NbO{sub 9}.

Lpez, C.A., E-mail: calopez@unsl.edu.ar [INTEQUI-rea de Qumica General e Inorgnica Dr. G. F. Puelles, Facultad de Qumica, Bioqumica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Chacabuco y Pedernera, 5700 San Luis (Argentina); Centro Atmico Bariloche, Comisin Nacional de Energa Atmica and Instituto Balseiro, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, 8400S.C. de Bariloche, Ro Negro (Argentina); Saleta, M.E. [Centro Atmico Bariloche, Comisin Nacional de Energa Atmica and Instituto Balseiro, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, 8400S.C. de Bariloche, Ro Negro (Argentina); Pedregosa, J.C. [INTEQUI-rea de Qumica General e Inorgnica Dr. G. F. Puelles, Facultad de Qumica, Bioqumica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Chacabuco y Pedernera, 5700 San Luis (Argentina); Snchez, R.D. [Centro Atmico Bariloche, Comisin Nacional de Energa Atmica and Instituto Balseiro, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, 8400S.C. de Bariloche, Ro Negro (Argentina); Alonso, J.A. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, CSIC, Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); and others

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

204

Growing the renewable chemicals and advanced biofuels cluster in MN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Growing the renewable chemicals and advanced biofuels cluster in MN #12;Renewable Chemical Value% Reduction 60% Reduction 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Gasoline Corn Ethanol Advanced Biofuel Cellulosic Biofuel Corn Ethanol 20% GHG Reduction Compared to gasoline: Advanced Biofuel 50% GHG Reduction e

Levinson, David M.

205

Electronic interactions between gold films and mn12-acetate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the presence of a surface layer of Mn12acetate, have been performed using a dilution refrigerator. Quantitative fits to the data using the predictions of weak localization theory were performed using a least-squares fit method in order to determine...

Means, Joel Lewis

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

206

Mn/DOT's Ombudsman Program Collaboration and Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mn/DOT's Ombudsman Program Collaboration and Process #12;Overview Ombudsman exists to rebuild trust on the environmental and municipal consent processes can be critical #12;A Large Organization #12;Tragedy;Ombudsman Does Not... ! Advocate for one party or point of view ! Own any formal process or policy

Minnesota, University of

207

0 1 2 3 4 5 Fig. S1. Core photograph combined with Ca, Mn, Fe counts and Mn/Fe ratio determined by XRF core  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. Core photograph combined with Ca, Mn, Fe counts and Mn/Fe ratio determined by XRF core scanning determined by XRF core scanning on core ZH10-19 from Lake Zurich recovered in 135 m water depth (2 m above counts and Mn/Fe ratio determined by XRF core scanning on core ZH10-21 from Lake Zurich recovered in 123

Gilli, Adrian

208

Grande Ronde Endemic Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Program : Facility Operation and Maintenance Facilities, Annual Report 2003.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Anadromous salmonid stocks have declined in both the Grande Ronde River Basin (Lower Snake River Compensation Plan (LSRCP) Status Review Symposium 1998) and in the entire Snake River Basin (Nehlsen et al. 1991), many to the point of extinction. The Grande Ronde River Basin historically supported large populations of fall and spring chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), sockeye (O. nerka), and coho (O. kisutch) salmon and steelhead trout (O. mykiss) (Nehlsen et al. 1991). The decline of chinook salmon and steelhead populations and extirpation of coho and sockeye salmon in the Grande Ronde River Basin was, in part, a result of construction and operation of hydroelectric facilities, over fishing, and loss and degradation of critical spawning and rearing habitat in the Columbia and Snake River basins (Nehlsen et al. 1991). Hatcheries were built in Oregon, Washington and Idaho under the Lower Snake River Compensation Plan (LSRCP) to compensate for losses of anadromous salmonids due to the construction and operation of the lower four Snake River dams. Lookingglass Hatchery (LGH) on Lookingglass Creek, a tributary of the Grande Ronde River, was completed under LSRCP in 1982 and has served as the main incubation and rearing site for chinook salmon programs for Grande Ronde and Imnaha rivers in Oregon. Despite these hatchery programs, natural spring chinook populations continued to decline resulting in the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) listing Snake River spring/summer chinook salmon as ''threatened'' under the federal Endangered Species Act (1973) on 22 April 1992. Continuing poor escapement levels and declining population trends indicated that Grande Ronde River basin spring chinook salmon were in imminent danger of extinction. These continuing trends led fisheries co-managers in the basin to initiate the Grande Ronde Endemic Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Program (GRESCSSP) in order to prevent extinction and preserve options for use of endemic fish stocks in future artificial propagation programs. The GRESCSSP was implemented in three Grande Ronde River basin tributaries; the Lostine and upper Grande Ronde rivers and Catherine Creek. The GRESCSSP employs two broodstock strategies utilizing captive and conventional brood sources. The captive brood program began in 1995, with the collection of parr from the three tributary areas. The conventional broodstock component of the program began in 1997 with the collection of natural adults returning to these tributary areas. Although LGH was available as the primary production facility for spring chinook programs in the Grande Ronde Basin, there were never any adult or juvenile satellite facilities developed in the tributary areas that were to be supplemented. An essential part of the GRESCSSP was the construction of adult traps and juvenile acclimation facilities in these tributary areas. Weirs were installed in 1997 for the collection of adult broodstock for the conventional component of the program. Juvenile facilities were built in 2000 for acclimation of the smolts produced by the captive and conventional broodstock programs and as release sites within the natural production areas of their natal streams. The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) operate both the juvenile acclimation and adult trapping facilities located on Catherine Creek and the upper Grande Ronde River under this project. The Nez Perce Tribe (NPT) operate the facilities on the Lostine River under a sister project. Hatcheries were also built in Oregon, Washington and Idaho under the LSRCP to compensate for losses of summer steelhead due to the construction and operation of the lowest four Snake River dams. Despite these harvest-driven hatchery programs, natural summer steelhead populations continued to decline as evidenced by declining counts at Lower Granite Dam since 1995 (Columbia River Data Access in Real Time, DART) and low steelhead redd counts on index streams in the Grande Ronde Basin. Because of low escapement the Snake River summer steelhead were listed as threat

McLean, Michael L.; Seeger, Ryan; Hewitt, Laurie (Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Department of Natural Resources, Pendleton, OR)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Specific heat and bimodality in canonical and grand canonical versions of the thermodynamic model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We address two issues in the thermodynamic model for nuclear disassembly. Surprisingly large differences in results for specific heat were seen in predictions from the canonical and grand canonical ensembles when the nuclear system passes from liquid-gas co-existence to the pure gas phase. We are able to pinpoint and understand the reasons for such and other discrepancies when they appear. There is a subtle but important difference in the physics addressed in the two models. In particular if we reformulate the parameters in the canonical model to better approximate the physics addressed in the grand canonical model, calculations for observables converge. Next we turn to the issue of bimodality in the probability distribution of the largest fragment in both canonical and grand canonical ensembles. We demonstrate that this distribution is very closely related to average multiplicities. The relationship of the bimodal distribution to phase transition is discussed.

G. Chaudhuri; S. Das Gupta

2007-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

210

Bending properties of epoxy resin matrix composites filled with NiMnGa ferromagnetic shape memory alloy powders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bending properties of epoxy resin matrix composites filled with NiMnGa ferromagnetic shape memoryMnGa Composite materials Mechanical properties Microstructure Two types of epoxy resin matrix composites filledMnGa epoxy resin composites were reported, yet the bending property of NiMnGa-polymer smart composites has

Zheng, Yufeng

211

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 84, 205305 (2011) Spin-phonon coupling in single Mn-doped CdTe quantum dot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 84, 205305 (2011) Spin-phonon coupling in single Mn-doped CdTe quantum dot C. L dynamics of a single Mn atom in a laser driven CdTe quantum dot is addressed theoretically. Recent of single Mn-doped CdTe dots, information about the quantum spin state of a single Mn atom is extracted from

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

212

Plutonium Oxidation and Subsequent Reduction by Mn (IV) Minerals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plutonium sorbed to rock tuff was preferentially associated with manganese oxides. On tuff and synthetic pyrolusite (Mn{sup IV}O{sub 2}), Pu(IV) or Pu(V) was initially oxidized, but over time Pu(IV) became the predominant oxidation state of sorbed Pu. Reduction of Pu(V/VI), even on non-oxidizing surfaces, is proposed to result from a lower Gibbs free energy of the hydrolyzed Pu(IV) surface species versus that of the Pu(V) or Pu(VI) surface species. This work suggests that despite initial oxidation of sorbed Pu by oxidizing surfaces to more soluble forms, the less mobile form of Pu, Pu(IV), will dominate Pu solid phase speciation during long term geologic storage. The safe design of a radioactive waste or spent nuclear fuel geologic repository requires a risk assessment of radionuclides that may potentially be released into the surrounding environment. Geochemical knowledge of the radionuclide and the surrounding environment is required for predicting subsurface fate and transport. Although difficult even in simple systems, this task grows increasingly complicated for constituents, like Pu, that exhibit complex environmental chemistries. The environmental behavior of Pu can be influenced by complexation, precipitation, adsorption, colloid formation, and oxidation/reduction (redox) reactions (1-3). To predict the environmental mobility of Pu, the most important of these factors is Pu oxidation state. This is because Pu(IV) is generally 2 to 3 orders of magnitude less mobile than Pu(V) in most environments (4). Further complicating matters, Pu commonly exists simultaneously in several oxidation states (5, 6). Choppin (7) reported Pu may exist as Pu(IV), Pu(V), or Pu(VI) oxic natural groundwaters. It is generally accepted that plutonium associated with suspended particulate matter is predominantly Pu(IV) (8-10), whereas Pu in the aqueous phase is predominantly Pu(V) (2, 11-13). The influence of the character of Mn-containing minerals expected to be found in subsurface repository environments on Pu oxidation state distributions has been the subject of much recent research. Kenney-Kennicutt and Morse (14), Duff et al. (15), and Morgenstern and Choppin (16) observed oxidation of Pu facilitated by Mn(IV)-bearing minerals. Conversely, Shaughnessy et al. (17) used X-ray Absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) to show reduction of Pu(VI) by hausmannite (Mn{sup II}Mn{sub 2}{sup III}O{sub 4}) and manganite ({gamma}-Mn{sup III}OOH) and Kersting et al., (18) observed reduction of Pu(VI) by pyrolusite (Mn{sup IV}O{sub 2}). In this paper, we attempt to reconcile the apparently conflicting datasets by showing that Mn-bearing minerals can indeed oxidize Pu, however, if the oxidized species remains on the solid phase, the oxidation step competes with the formation of Pu(IV) that becomes the predominant solid phase Pu species with time. The experimental approach we took was to conduct longer term (approximately two years later) oxidation state analyses on the Pu sorbed to Yucca Mountain tuff (initial analysis reported by Duff et al., (15)) and measure the time-dependant changes in the oxidation state distribution of Pu in the presence of the Mn mineral pyrolusite.

KAPLAN, DANIEL

2005-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

213

Effect of Composition and Heat Treatment on MnBi Magnetic Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The metallic compound MnBi is a promising rare-earth-free permanent magnet material. Compare to other rare-earth-free candidates, MnBi stands out for its high intrinsic coercivity (Hci) and its large positive temperature coefficient. Several groups have demonstrated that the Hci of MnBi compound in thin film or in powder form can exceed 12 kOe and 26 kOe at 300 K and 523 K, respectively. Such steep increase in Hci with increasing temperature is unique to MnBi. Consequently, MnBi is a highly sought-after hard phase for exchange coupling nanocomposite magnets. The reaction between Mn and Bi is peritectic, so Mn tends to precipitate out of the MnBi liquid during the solidification process. As result, the composition of the Mn-Bi alloy with the largest amount of the desired LTP (low temperature phase) MnBi and highest saturation magnetization will be over-stoichiometric and rich in Mn. The amount of additional Mn required to compensate the Mn precipitation depends on solidification rate: the faster the quench speed, the less Mn precipitates. Here we report a systematic study of the effect of composition and heat treatments on the phase contents and magnetic properties of Mn-Bi alloys. In this study, Mn-Bi alloys with 14 compositions were prepared using conventional metallurgical methods such as arc melting and vacuum heat treatment, and the obtained alloys were analyzed for compositions, crystal structures, phase content, and magnetic properties. The results show that the composition with 55 at.% Mn exhibits the highest LTP MnBi content and the highest magnetization. The sample with this composition shows >90 wt.% LTP MnBi content. Its measured saturation magnetization is 68 emu/g with 2.3 T applied field at 300 K; its coercivity is 13 kOe and its energy product is 12 MGOe at 300 K. A bulk magnet fabricated using this powder exhibits an energy product of 8.2 MGOe.

Cui, Jun; Choi, Jung-Pyung; Polikarpov, Evgueni; Bowden, Mark E.; Xie, Wei; Li, Guosheng; Nie, Zimin; Zarkevich, Nikolai; Kramer, Matthew J.; Johnson, Duane D.

2014-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

214

Cotton hedging strategies using prices for Texas High Plains and Rio Grande Valley areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COTTON REDGINC STRATEGIES USING PRICES FO=". TEXAS HIGH PLAINS AND RIO GRANDE VALLEY AREAS A Thesis by JOHN VERNON HOWARD, III Subm tted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M Universi'ty in partial fulfiiiment cf the requirement for the de...-ree o MASTER OP SC'ENCE August 1979 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics COTTON HEDGING STRATEGIES USING PRICES FOR TEXAS HIGH PLAINS AND RIO GRANDE VALLEY AREAS A Thesis JOHN VERNON HOWARD, III Approved as to style and content by: (C irman...

Howard, John V

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Grande Ronde Basin Chinook Salmon Captive Brood and Conventional Supplementation Program, 2000 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Endangered Species Permit Number 1011 (formerly Permit No. 973) authorizes ODFW to take listed spring chinook salmon juveniles from Catherine Creek (CC), Lostine River (LR) and Grande Ronde River (GR) for research and enhancement purposes. Modification 2 of this permit authorizes ODFW to take adults for spawning and the production and release of smolts for the Captive and Conventional broodstock programs. This report satisfies the requirement that an annual report be submitted. Herein we report on activities conducted and provide cursory data analyses for the Grande Ronde spring chinook salmon Captive and Conventional broodstock projects from 1 January-31 December 2000.

Carmichael, Richard W. (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, La Grande, OR)

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Select Economic Implications for the Biological Control of Arundo donax along the Rio Grande  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Committee: Dr. M. Edward Rister, Dr. Ronald D. Lacewell Arundo donax, or giant reed, is a large, bamboo-like plant native to Spain that has invaded several thousand acres of the Rio Grande riparian in Texas. The plant grows to 18-24 feet, consuming... of the invasive plant species Arundo donax, also commonly referred to as Arundo, or giant reed. Arundo donax Arundo donax is a large, aquatic plant that is invading the riparian areas of the southwestern United States, particularly the Rio Grande Basin...

Seawright, Emily Kaye

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

217

Economic Implications of Biological Control of Arundo donax in the Texas Rio Grande Basin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

donax page viii of viii Economic Implications of Biological Control of Arundo donax in the Texas Rio Grande Basin ABSTRACT Arundo donax, or giant reed, is a large, bamboo-like plant that is native to Spain and has invaded several thousand acres... plant species Arundo donax, also commonly referred to as Arundo, or giant reed. Arundo donax, a.k.a. Giant Reed Arundo donax is a large, aquatic plant that is invading the riparian areas of the southwestern United States, particularly the Rio Grande...

Seawright, Emily; Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald; McCorkle, Dean; Sturdivant, Allen; Goolsby, John; Yang, Chenghai; Harris, B.L.

218

Union County - La Grande, Oregon geothermal district heating: feasibility assessment. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an assessment of geothermal district heating in the City of La Grande, Oregon. Eight study area districts were analyzed to determine their economic feasibility. Results from the analyses conclude that certain districts within the City of La Grande are economically feasible if certain assumptions are correct. Development of geothermal district heating for these areas would provide direct energy and dollar savings to the building owners and would also provide direct and indirect benefits to low and moderate income households within the City.

Jenkins, H. II; Giddings, M.; Hanson, P.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Charge transport properties of CdMnTe radiation detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Growth, fabrication and characterization of indium-doped cadmium manganese telluride (CdMnTe)radiation detectors have been described. Alpha-particle spectroscopy measurements and time resolved current transient measurements have yielded an average charge collection efficiency approaching 100 %. Spatially resolved charge collection efficiency maps have been produced for a range of detector bias voltages. Inhomogeneities in the charge transport of the CdMnTe crystals have been associated with chains of tellurium inclusions within the detector bulk. Further, it has been shown that the role of tellurium inclusions in degrading chargecollection is reduced with increasing values of bias voltage. The electron transit time was determined from time of flight measurements. From the dependence of drift velocity on applied electric field the electron mobility was found to be n = (718 55) cm2/Vs at room temperature.

Kim K.; Rafiel, R.; Boardman, M.; Reinhard, I.; Sarbutt, A.; Watt, G.; Watt, C.; Uxa, S.; Prokopovich, D.A.; Belas, E.; Bolotnikov, A.E.; James, R.B.

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

220

High-Resolution Mn EXAFS of the Oxygen-Evolving Complex inPhotosystem II: Structural Implications for the Mn4Ca Cluster  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The biological generation of oxygen by the oxygen-evolving complex in photosystem II (PS II) is one of natures most important reactions. The recent X-ray crystal structures, while limited by resolutions of 3.2 to 3.5 A, have located the electron density associated with the Mn4Ca complex within the multi-protein PS II complex. Detailed structures critically depend on input from spectroscopic techniques such as EXAFS and EPR/ENDOR, as the XRD resolution does not allow for accurate determination of the position of Mn/Ca or the bridging and terminal ligand atoms. The number and distances of Mn-Mn/Ca/ligand interactions determined from EXAFS provide important constraints for the structure of the Mn cluster. Here we present data from a high-resolution EXAFS method using a novel multi-crystal monochromator that show three short Mn-Mn distances between 2.7 and 2.8 A and hence the presence of three di-mu-oxobridged units in the Mn4Ca cluster. This result imposes clear limitations on the proposed structures based on spectroscopic and diffraction data and provides input for refining such structures.

Yano, Junko; Pushkar, Yulia; Glatzel, Pieter; Lewis, Azul; Sauer,Kenneth; Messinger, Johannes; Bergmann, Uwe; Yachandra, Vittal

2005-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Ferromagnetic Mn moments at SrRuO3/SrMnO3 interfaces Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ferromagnetic Mn moments at SrRuO3/SrMnO3 interfaces Y. Choia Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 Y. Z. Yoo, O. Chmaissem, A. Ullah, S. Kolesnik, and C. W University, DeKalb, Illinois 60115 D. Haskel Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne

Haskel, Daniel

222

Magnetic field-induced phase transformation and variant reorientation in Ni2MnGa and NiMnCoIn magnetic shape memory alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to reveal the governing mechanisms responsible for the magnetic field-induced i) martensite reorientation in Ni2MnGa single crystals, ii) stress-assisted phase transformation in Ni2MnGa single crystals and iii) phase...

Karaca, Haluk Ersin

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

Grand Challenges Special Solicitation The Office of Research and Sponsored Projects issues this Special Request for Proposals (RFP) related  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grand Challenges as "ambitious but achievable goals that harness science, technology, and innovation · Focused and specific · Harnessing innovation and advances in Science and Technology · Real Challenge (DOE) http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/electric_vehicle s/index.html Asteroid Grand

Kreinovich, Vladik

224

Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. XX, 2014 The Grand Popo beach 2013 experiment, Benin, West Africa 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the coast, together with large population densities (main cities: Abidjan, ABSTRACT Almar, R., Hounkonnou, N, West Africa 1 The Grand Popo beach 2013 experiment, Benin, West Africa: from short timescale processes., and Kestenare, E., 2014. The Grand Popo beach 2013 experiment, Benin, West Africa: from short timescale

225

THE APPLICATION OF THE LAND TRANSFORMATION, GROUNDWATER FLOW AND SOLUTE TRANSPORT MODELS FOR MICHIGAN'S GRAND TRAVERSE BAY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 THE APPLICATION OF THE LAND TRANSFORMATION, GROUNDWATER FLOW AND SOLUTE TRANSPORT MODELS). The two hydrogeologic models that are being used here allow us to explore the dynamics of groundwater flow Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, March 14, 2001. #12;2 INTRODUCTION Grand Traverse Bay and the Grand

226

Effect of composition and heat treatment on MnBi magnetic materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The metallic compound MnBi is a promising rare-earth-free permanent magnet material, unique among all candidates for its high intrinsic coercivity (Hci) and its large positive temperature coefficient. The Hci of MnBi in thin-film or powder form can exceed 12 and 26 kOe at 300 and 523 K, respectively. Such a steep rise in Hci with increasing temperature is unique to MnBi. Consequently, MnBi is a highly sought-after hard phase for exchange coupling nanocomposite magnets. However, the reaction between Mn and Bi is peritectic, and hence Mn tends to precipitate out of the MnBi liquid during the solidification process. As result, when the alloy is prepared using conventional induction or arc-melting casting methods, additional Mn is required to compensate the precipitation of Mn. In addition to composition, post-casting annealing plays an important role in obtaining a high content of MnBi low-temperature phase (LTP) because the annealing encourages the Mn precipitates and the unreacted Bi to react, forming the desired LTP phase. Here we report a systematic study of the effect of composition and heat treatments on the phase content and magnetic properties of MnBi alloys. In this study, 14 compositions were prepared using conventional metallurgical methods, and the compositions, crystal structures, phase content and magnetic properties of the resulting alloys were analyzed. The results show that the composition with 55 at.% Mn exhibits both the highest LTP content (93 wt.%) and magnetization (74 emu g?1 with 9 T applied field at 300 K).

Cui, Jun [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Choi, Jung-Pyung [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Polikarpov, Evgueni [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Bowden, Mark E [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Xie, Wei [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Li, Guosheng [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Nie, Zimin [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Zarkevich, Nikolai [Ames Laboratory; Kramer, Matthew J [Ames Laboratory; Johnson, Duane [Ames Laboratory

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

DOPING AND BOND LENGTH CONTRIBUTIONS TO Mn K-EDGE SHIFT IN La1-xSrxMnO3 AND THEIR CORRELATION WITH ELECTRICAL TRANSPORT BEHAVIOUR.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The experimental Mn K-edge x-ray absorption spectra of La{sub 1-x}Sr{sub x}MnO{sub 3}, x = 0 - 0.7 are compared with the band structure calculations using spin polarized density functional theory. It is explicitly shown that there is a correspondence between the inflection point on the absorption edge and the center of gravity of the unoccupied Mn 4p-band. This correspondence has been used to separate the doping and size contributions to edge shift due to variation in number of electrons in valence band and Mn-O bond lengths, respectively when Sr is doped into LaMnO{sub 3}. Such separation is helpful to find the localization behavior of charge carriers and to understand the observed transport properties and type of charge carrier participating in the conduction process in these compounds.

PANDEY,S.K.; KHALID,S.; BINDU, R.; KUMAR, A.; PIMPALE, A.V.

2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

228

La Fisica come Informazione: l'universo `e un grande automa quantistico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

La Fisica come Informazione: l'universo `e un grande automa quantistico Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano 26. Dipartimento di Fisica "A. Volta", via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia, Italy, http://www.qubit.it 1 #12;quantization teoria pi`u fondamentale, assegnata in ter- mini di un automa cellulare quantistico (QCA). La fisica

D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro

229

Grande Ronde Basin Chinook Salmon Captive Brood and Conventional Supplementation Programs, 2002 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Endangered Species Permit Number 1011 (formerly Permit No. 973) authorizes ODFW to take listed spring chinook salmon juveniles from Catherine Creek (CC), Lostine River (LR) and Grande Ronde River (GR) for research and enhancement purposes. Modification 2 of this permit authorizes ODFW to take adults for spawning and the production and release of smolts for the Captive and Conventional broodstock programs. This report satisfies the requirement that an annual report be submitted. Herein we report on activities conducted and provide cursory data analyses for the Grande Ronde spring chinook salmon Captive and Conventional broodstock projects from 1 January-31 December 2002. The Grande Ronde Basin Spring Chinook Salmon Captive Broodstock Project is designed to rapidly increase numbers of salmon in stocks that are in imminent danger of extirpation. Parr are captured in Catherine Creek, upper Grande Ronde River and Lostine River and reared to adulthood in captivity. Upon maturation, they are spawned (within stocks) and their progeny reared to smoltification before being released into the natal stream of their parents. This program is co-managed by ODFW, National Marine Fisheries Service, the Nez Perce Tribe and Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation.

Carmichael, Richard W. (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, La Grande, OR)

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Site observational work plan for the UMTRA Project Site at Grand Junction, Colorado  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared this initial site observational work plan (SOWP) for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site in Grand Junction, Colorado. This SOWP is one of the first UMTRA Ground Water Project documents developed to select a compliance strategy that meets the UMTRA ground water standards (40 CFR Part 192, as amended by 60 FR 2854) for the Grand Junction site. This SOWP applies information about the Grand Junction site to the compliance strategy selection framework developed in the UMTRA Ground Water Project draft programmatic environmental impact statement (PEIS). This risk-based, decision-making framework identifies the decision logic for selecting compliance strategies that could be used to meet the ground water standards. The DOE goal is to use the observational method to implement a cost-effective site strategy that complies with the ground water standards and protects human health and the environment. Based on an evaluation of the site characterization and risk assessment data available for the preparation of this SOWP, DOE proposes that the most likely compliance strategy for the Grand Junction site is no remediation based on the application of supplemental standards. This proposed strategy is based on a conceptual site model that indicates site-related contamination is confined to a limited-use aquifer as defined in the ground water standards.

NONE

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

GESTION DURABLE DES RISQUES D'AFFAISSEMENT MINIER : CHOIX DE STRATEGIES -CAS DE MOYEUVRE-GRANDE.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GESTION DURABLE DES RISQUES D'AFFAISSEMENT MINIER : CHOIX DE STRATEGIES - CAS DE MOYEUVRE abandonnes. La gestion des risques qui en dcoule peut se faire selon diffrentes stratgies et conduire un application l'tude du cas de la commune de Moyeuvre-Grande (57) travers une analyse cots

Boyer, Edmond

232

Flow, Salts, and Trace Elements in the Rio Grande: A Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Juarez 290 Matamoros 72 Nueva Laredo 67 Reynosa 43 Cd. Acuna 32 Piedras Negras 30 Total 534 Border to Calif. & Arizona Tijuana 334 Mexicali 131 Nogales 64 Tecate Ensenada 33 Others 79 Total 641 Interior Mexico Total 285 Grand Total 1460 exceed 20 and 10...

Miyamoto, S.; Fenn, L. B.; Swietlik, D.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Grand Coulee Dam Wildlife Mitigation Program : Pygmy Rabbit Programmatic Management Plan, Douglas County, Washington.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Northwest Power Planning Council and the Bonneville Power Administration approved the pygmy rabbit project as partial mitigation for impacts caused by the construction of Grand Coulee Dam. The focus of this project is the protection and enhancement of shrub-steppe/pygmy rabbit habitat in northeastern Washington.

Ashley, Paul

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

International Agriculture Fellowship: A Gates Foundation Grand Challenges Exploration in Endophytic Biological Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Agriculture Fellowship: A Gates Foundation Grand Challenges Exploration in Endophytic Biological Control Who we are: The International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) is a member institute of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CIAR). Based in Cali, Colombia, we focus

Ferrara, Katherine W.

235

Data Mining: Data Analysis on a Grand Scale? \\Lambda Padhraic Smyth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data Mining: Data Analysis on a Grand Scale? \\Lambda Padhraic Smyth Information and Computer data mining has evolved largely as a result of efforts by computer scientists to address the needs of ``data owners'' in extracting useful information from massive observational data sets. Because

Smyth, Padhraic

236

SunShot Grand Challenge Summit: Bright Outlook to Achieve SunShot Goal  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Last week, hundreds of solar energy leaders gathered in southern California to participate in SunShots biennial Grand Challenge Summit. Read a recap of the four-day event, which focused on making solar energy fully cost-competitive with traditional forms of energy by 2020.

237

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE 7/2/10 Grand Opening and Dedication of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

patriots and pilots, so bring your family and enjoy the grand opening of the Capt. Fletcher E. Adams 357th to Leiston Field in Great Britain as they sought to protect the bomber trains successfully wreaking havoc son alone in the small village of Ida, Louisiana. Many of the Aces of the 357th went on to lead lives

238

EA-1950: Grand Coulee-Creston Transmission Line Rebuild; Grant and Lincoln Counties, Washington  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Bonneville Power Administration prepared this EA to evaluate potential environmental impacts of rebuilding approximately 28 miles of the Grand Coulee-Creston No. 1 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission line between Coulee Dam in Grant County and Creston in Lincoln County, Washington.

239

Tree rings and multiseason drought variability in the lower Rio Grande Basin, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

compound the effect of droughts, impact natural vegetation and phenological responses, and exacerbate waterTree rings and multiseason drought variability in the lower Rio Grande Basin, USA C. A. Woodhouse,1 9 January 2013; published 8 February 2013. [1] Agriculture and ranching in semiarid regions often

Castro, Christopher L.

240

Grand Rapids Community College & Michigan State University LANDSCAPE & LAWN MANAGEMENT PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ Landscape Maintenance 2 HRT 214 ­ Landscape and Turfgrass Business Operations 2 PLP 104 ­ Applied PlantGrand Rapids Community College & Michigan State University LANDSCAPE & LAWN MANAGEMENT PROGRAM GRCC an Associate of Applied Arts and Science Degree from GRCC as well as the Landscape & Lawn Management

Isaacs, Rufus

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Grand Rapids Community College & Michigan State University LANDSCAPE and LAWN MANAGEMENT PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Landscape Plants II 3 HRT 213 Landscape Maintenance 2 HRT 214 Landscape and Turfgrass Business Operations 2Grand Rapids Community College & Michigan State University LANDSCAPE and LAWN MANAGEMENT PROGRAM MSU Landscape & Lawn Management Certificate MSU Contact: Marcus Duck, Program Coordinator ­ (517) 355

Isaacs, Rufus

242

Impacts of Irrigation on Citrus in the Lower Rio Grande Valley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Citrus is an important crop in the Lower Rio Grande Valley, but reduced water supplies in the area mean irrigation must be used. Citrus farmers can use different irrigation methods and practices to get the most from the available water supply....

Enciso, Juan; Sauls, Julian W.; Wiedenfeld, Robert P.; Nelson, Shad D.

2008-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

243

DOMESTIC'S SEPTIC TANKS CONTRIBUTION TO THE POLLUTION OF THE RO GRANDE DE AASCO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DOMESTIC'S SEPTIC TANKS CONTRIBUTION TO THE POLLUTION OF THE RÍO GRANDE DE A?ASCO Widaliz Pujols, animal farms, and domestic septic tanks. These pollutant sources are classified as non-point pollutant sources. Crops and domestic's septic tanks are very close to the Añasco River. Crops needs organic

Gilbes, Fernando

244

Effect of a high electric field on the conductivity of MnGa{sub 2}S{sub 4}, MnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4}, and MnGaInS{sub 4} single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of studying the effect of a high electric field on the conductivity of MnGa{sub 2}S{sub 4}, MnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4}, and MnGaInS{sub 4} single crystals are reported. The activation energy is determined in high and low electric fields. It is established that the decrease in the activation energy with increasing the external voltage is associated with decreasing the depth of the potential well, in which the electron is located.

Niftiev, N. N. [Azerbaijan State Pedagogical University (Azerbaijan); Tagiev, O. B. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

245

IV. -PHOTOMAGNETISM AND CONDUCT I W r PHOTOMAGNETIC EFFECT IN A Li-Mn FERRITE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IV. - PHOTOMAGNETISM AND CONDUCT I W r PHOTOMAGNETIC EFFECT IN A Li-Mn FERRITE P. BERNSTEIN and T'effet photomagnCtique dans le ferrite Fez,I oLi0.45Mn0.4504 au moyen de la variation de la perm investigated in a Fez.loLi0.45Mn0.4504ferrite by looking at the variations of the permeability under light

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

246

Electronic Structure and Oxidation State Changes in the Mn (4) Ca Cluster of Photosystem II  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oxygen-evolving complex (Mn{sub 4}Ca cluster) of Photosystem II cycles through five intermediate states (S{sub i}-states, i = 0-4) before a molecule of dioxygen is released. During the S-state transitions, electrons are extracted from the OEC, either from Mn or alternatively from a Mn ligand. The oxidation state of Mn is widely accepted as Mn{sub 4}(III{sub 2},IV{sub 2}) and Mn{sub 4}(III,IV{sub 3}) for S{sub 1} and S{sub 2} states, while it is still controversial for the S{sub 0} and S{sub 3} states. We used resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) to study the electronic structure of Mn{sub 4}Ca complex in the OEC. The RIXS data yield two-dimensional plots that provide a significant advantage by obtaining both K-edge pre-edge and L-edge-like spectra (metal spin state) simultaneously. We have collected data from PSII samples in the each of the S-states and compared them with data from various inorganic Mn complexes. The spectral changes in the Mn 1s2p{sub 3/2} RIXS spectra between the S-states were compared to those of the oxides of Mn and coordination complexes. The results indicate strong covalency for the electronic configuration in the OEC, and we conclude that the electron is transferred from a strongly delocalized orbital, compared to those in Mn oxides or coordination complexes. The magnitude for the S{sub 0} to S{sub 1}, and S{sub 1} to S{sub 2} transitions is twice as large as that during the S{sub 2} to S{sub 3} transition, indicating that the electron for this transition is extracted from a highly delocalized orbital with little change in charge density at the Mn atoms.

Yano, J.; Pushkar, Y.; Messinger, J.; Bergmann, U.; Glatzel, P.; Yachandra, V.K.; /SLAC

2012-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

247

Structural Changes in the Mn(4)Ca Cluster And the Mechanism of Photosynthetic Water Splitting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photosynthetic water oxidation, where water is oxidized to dioxygen, is a fundamental chemical reaction that sustains the biosphere. This reaction is catalyzed by a Mn{sub 4}Ca complex in the photosystem II (PS II) oxygen-evolving complex (OEC): a multiprotein assembly embedded in the thylakoid membranes of green plants, cyanobacteria, and algae. The mechanism of photosynthetic water oxidation by the Mn{sub 4}Ca cluster in photosystem II is the subject of much debate, although lacking structural characterization of the catalytic intermediates. Biosynthetically exchanged Ca/Sr-PS II preparations and x-ray spectroscopy, including extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), allowed us to monitor Mn-Mn and Ca(Sr)-Mn distances in the four intermediate S states, S{sub 0} through S{sub 3}, of the catalytic cycle that couples the one-electron photochemistry occurring at the PS II reaction center with the four-electron water-oxidation chemistry taking place at the Mn{sub 4}Ca(Sr) cluster. We have detected significant changes in the structure of the complex, especially in the Mn-Mn and Ca(Sr)-Mn distances, on the S{sub 2}-to-S{sub 3} and S{sub 3}-to-S{sub 0} transitions. These results implicate the involvement of at least one common bridging oxygen atom between the Mn-Mn and Mn-Ca(Sr) atoms in the O-O bond formation. Because PS II cannot advance beyond the S{sub 2} state in preparations that lack Ca(Sr), these results show that Ca(Sr) is one of the critical components in the mechanism of the enzyme. The results also show that Ca is not just a spectator atom involved in providing a structural framework, but is actively involved in the mechanism of water oxidation and represents a rare example of a catalytically active Ca cofactor.

Pushkar, Y.; Yano, J.; Sauer, K.; Boussac, A.; Yachandra, V.K.

2009-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

248

Structural Changes in the Mn4Ca Cluster and the Mechanism of Photosynthetic Water Splitting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photosynthetic water oxidation, where water is oxidized to dioxygen, is a fundamental chemical reaction that sustains the biosphere. This reaction is catalyzed by a Mn4Ca complex in the photosystem II (PS II) oxygen-evolving complex (OEC): a multiproteinassembly embedded in the thylakoid membranes of green plants, cyanobacteria, and algae. The mechanism of photosynthetic water oxidation by the Mn4Ca cluster in photosystem II is the subject of much debate, although lacking structural characterization of the catalytic intermediates. Biosynthetically exchanged Ca/Sr-PS II preparations and x-ray spectroscopy, including extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), allowed us to monitor Mn-Mn and Ca(Sr)-Mn distances in the four intermediate S states, S0 through S3, of the catalytic cycle that couples the one-electron photochemistry occurring at the PS II reaction center with the four-electron water-oxidation chemistry taking place at the Mn4Ca(Sr) cluster. We have detected significant changes in the structure of the complex, especially in the Mn-Mn and Ca(Sr)-Mn distances, on the S2-to-S3 and S3-to-S0 transitions. These results implicate the involvement of at least one common bridging oxygen atom between the Mn-Mn and Mn-Ca(Sr) atoms in the O-O bond formation. Because PS II cannot advance beyond the S2 state in preparations that lack Ca(Sr), these results show that Ca(Sr) is one of the critical components in the mechanism of the enzyme. The results also show that Ca is not just a spectator atom involved in providing a structural framework, but is actively involved in the mechanism of water oxidation and represents a rare example of a catalytically active Ca cofactor.

Pushkar, Y.; Yano, J.; Sauer, K.; Boussac, A.; Yachandra, V.K.

2007-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

249

Single Nanorod Devices for Battery Diagnostics: A Case Study on LiMn2O4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

correlate well with the better cycling performance of Al-doped LiMn2O4 in our Li-ion battery tests: LiAl0Single Nanorod Devices for Battery Diagnostics: A Case Study on LiMn2O4 Yuan Yang, Chong Xie nanostructure devices as a powerful new diagnostic tool for batteries with LiMn2O4 nanorod materials

Cui, Yi

250

Preparation and electrochemical properties of lamellar MnO{sub 2} for supercapacitors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lamellar birnessite-type MnO{sub 2} materials were prepared by changing the pH of the initial reaction system via hydrothermal synthesis. The interlayer spacing of MnO{sub 2} with a layered structure increased gradually when the initial pH value varied from 12.43 to 2.81, while the MnO{sub 2}, composed of {alpha}-MnO{sub 2} and {gamma}-MnO{sub 2}, had a rod-like structure at pH 0.63. Electrochemical studies indicated that the specific capacitance of birnessite-type MnO{sub 2} was much higher than that of rod-like MnO{sub 2} at high discharge current densities due to the lamellar structure with fast intercalation/deintercalation of protons and high utilization of MnO{sub 2}. The initial specific capacitance of MnO{sub 2} prepared at pH 2.81 was 242.1 F g{sup -1} at 2 mA cm{sup -2} in 2 mol L{sup -1} (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4} aqueous electrolyte. The capacitance increased by about 8.1% of initial capacitance after 200 cycles at a current density of 100 mA cm{sup -2}.

Yan, Jun; Wei, Tong [Key Laboratory of Superlight Materials and Surface Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Material Science and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Superlight Materials and Surface Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Material Science and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001 (China); Cheng, Jie [Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Beijing 100083 (China)] [Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Beijing 100083 (China); Fan, Zhuangjun, E-mail: fanzhj666@163.com [Key Laboratory of Superlight Materials and Surface Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Material Science and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Superlight Materials and Surface Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Material Science and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001 (China); Zhang, Milin [Key Laboratory of Superlight Materials and Surface Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Material Science and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Superlight Materials and Surface Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Material Science and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001 (China)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

Metastable phase boundaries of quasicrystalline phases. [Al-Mn; Al-Ru  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The melting curve (T/sub 0/) of the metastable icosahedral phase and the liquidus of the decagonal phase of Al-Mn have been obtained for 14 to 22 at. % Mn. Icosahedral Al-Mn has a congruent melting point of 910 +- 20/sup 0/C at 20 at. % Mn, and melts approx.30/sup 0/C lower than crystalline compounds with the same composition. Icosahedral Al/sub 82/Ru/sub 18/ was determined to melt at 1260 +- 30/sup 0/C. These results were obtained by forming single-phase icosahedral alloys with ion beam mixing, and by rapid heating to accurately known temperatures with electron beams.

Follstaedt, D.M.; Knapp, J.A.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Distinct local electronic structure and magnetism for Mn in amorphous Si and Ge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transition metals such as Mn generally have large local moments in covalent semiconductors due to their partially filled d shells. However, Mn magnetization in group-IV semiconductors is more complicated than often recognized. Here we report a striking crossover from a quenched Mn moment (<0.1 {mu}{sub B}) in amorphous Si (a-Si) to a large distinct local Mn moment ({ge}3{mu}{sub B}) in amorphous Ge (a-Ge) over a wide range of Mn concentrations (0.005-0.20). Corresponding differences are observed in d-shell electronic structure and the sign of the Hall effect. Density-functional-theory calculations show distinct local structures, consistent with different atomic density measured for a-Si and a-Ge, respectively, and the Mn coordination number N{sub c} is found to be the key factor. Despite the amorphous structure, Mn in a-Si is in a relatively well-defined high coordination interstitial type site with broadened d bands, low moment, and electron (n-type) carriers, while Mn in a-Ge is in a low coordination substitutional type site with large local moment and holes (p-type) carriers. Moreover, the correlation between N{sub c} and the magnitude of the local moment is essentially independent of the matrix; the local Mn moments approach zero when N{sub c} > 7 for both a-Si and a-Ge.

Zeng, Li; Cao, J. X.; Helgren, E.; Karel, J.; Arenholz, E.; Ouyang, Lu; Smith, David J.; Wu, R. Q.; Hellman, F.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Strain mediated coupling in magnetron sputtered multiferroic PZT/Ni-Mn-In/Si thin film heterostructure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The strain mediated electrical and magnetic properties were investigated in PZT/Ni-Mn-In heterostructure deposited on Si (100) by dc/rf magnetron sputtering. X-ray diffraction pattern revealed that (220) orientation of Ni-Mn-In facilitate the (110) oriented tertragonal phase growth of PZT layer in PZT/Ni-Mn-In heterostructure. A distinctive peak in dielectric constant versus temperature plots around martensitic phase transformation temperature of Ni-Mn-In showed a strain mediated coupling between Ni-Mn-In and PZT layers. The ferroelectric measurement taken at different temperatures exhibits a well saturated and temperature dependent P-E loops with a highest value of P{sub sat}???55 ?C/cm{sup 2} obtained during martensite-austenite transition temperature region of Ni-Mn-In. The stress induced by Ni-Mn-In layer on upper PZT film due to structural transformation from martensite to austenite resulted in temperature modulated Tunability of PZT/Ni-Mn-In heterostructure. A tunability of 42% was achieved at 290?K (structural transition region of Ni-Mn-In) in these heterostructures. I-V measurements taken at different temperatures indicated that ohmic conduction was the main conduction mechanism over a large electric field range in these heterostructures. Magnetic measurement revealed that heterostructure was ferromagnetic at room temperature with a saturation magnetization of ?123?emu/cm{sup 3}. Such multiferroic heterostructures exhibits promising applications in various microelectromechanical systems.

Singh, Kirandeep; Kaur, Davinder, E-mail: dkaurfph@iitr.ernet.in [Functional Nanomaterials Research Lab, Department of Physics and Centre of Nanotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee-247667, Uttarakhand (India); Singh, Sushil Kumar [Functional Materials Division, Solid State Physics Lab (SSPL), DRDO, Lucknow Road, Timarpur, Delhi 110054 (India)

2014-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

254

April, 30 2005 Aspen, Colorado Andreas Haungs KASCADE-Grande Collaboration `Physics from the Knee to the Ankle Investigating the 2nd Knee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Knee to the Ankle´ Investigating the 2nd Knee: KASCADE-Grande Andreas Haungs haungs ­ KASCADE-Grande Collaboration `Physics from the Knee to the Ankle´ Cosmic Rays around the knee: What-Grande Collaboration `Physics from the Knee to the Ankle´ Measurements of air showers in the energy range E0 = 100 Te

255

MN Office of Energy Security | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay IEOWCCatcher.pngWavemill <MN Office of Energy

256

Thermal Stability of MnBi Magnetic Materials. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism in Layered NbS2 andThe1 MembersStability of MnBi Magnetic Materials.

257

Electronic Structure and Oxidation State Changes in the Mn4Ca Cluster of Photosystem II  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oxygen-evolving complex (Mn4Ca cluster) of Photosystem II cycles through five intermediate states (Si-states, i =0-4) before a molecule of dioxygen is released. During the S-state transitions, electrons are extracted from the OEC, either from Mn or alternatively from a Mn ligand. The oxidation state of Mn is widely accepted as Mn4(III2,IV2) and Mn4(III,IV3) for S1 and S2 states, while it is still controversial for the S0 and S3 states. We used resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) to study the electronic structure of Mn4Ca complex in the OEC. The RIXS data yield two-dimensional plots that provide a significant advantage by obtaining both K-edge pre-edge and L-edge-like spectra (metal spin state) simultaneously. We have collected data from PSII samples in the each of the S-states and compared them with data from various inorganic Mncomplexes. The spectral changes in the Mn 1s2p3/2 RIXS spectra between the S-states were compared to those of the oxides of Mn and coordination complexes. The results indicate strong covalency for the electronic configuration in the OEC, and we conclude that the electron is transferred from a strongly delocalized orbital, compared to those in Mn oxides or coordination complexes. The magnitude for the S0 to S1, and S1 to S2 transitions is twice as large as that during the S2 to S3 transition, indicating that the electron for this transition is extracted from a highly delocalized orbital with little change in charge density at the Mn atoms.

Yano, Junko; Pushkar, Yulia; Messinger, Johannes; Bergmann, Uwe; Glatzel, Pieter; Yachandra, Vittal K

2007-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

258

Protective effects of ebselen (Ebs) and para-aminosalicylic acid (PAS) against manganese (Mn)-induced neurotoxicity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chronic, excessive exposure to manganese (Mn) may induce neurotoxicity and cause an irreversible brain disease, referred to as manganism. Efficacious therapies for the treatment of Mn are lacking, mandating the development of new interventions. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of ebselen (Ebs) and para-aminosalicylic acid (PAS) in attenuating the neurotoxic effects of Mn in an in vivo rat model. Exposure biomarkers, inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers, as well as behavioral parameters were evaluated. Co-treatment with Mn plus Ebs or Mn plus PAS caused a significant decrease in blood and brain Mn concentrations (compared to rats treated with Mn alone), concomitant with reduced brain E{sub 2} prostaglandin (PGE{sub 2}) and enhanced brain glutathione (GSH) levels, decreased serum prolactin (PRL) levels, and increased ambulation and rearing activities. Taken together, these results establish that both PAS and Ebs are efficacious in reducing Mn body burden, neuroinflammation, oxidative stress and locomotor activity impairments in a rat model of Mn-induced toxicity. -- Highlights: ? The manuscript is unique in its approach to the neurotoxicity of Mn. ? The manuscript incorporates molecular, cellular and functional (behavioral) analyses. ? Both PAS and Ebs are effective in restoring Mn behavioral function. ? Both PAS and Ebs are effective in reducing Mn-induced oxidative stress. ? Both PAS and Ebs led to a decrease in Mn-induced neuro-inflammation.

Marreilha dos Santos, A.P., E-mail: apsantos@ff.ul.pt [I-Med.UL, Department of Toxicology and Food Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Lisbon (Portugal); Lucas, Rui L.; Andrade, Vanda; Mateus, M. Lusa [I-Med.UL, Department of Toxicology and Food Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Lisbon (Portugal)] [I-Med.UL, Department of Toxicology and Food Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Lisbon (Portugal); Milatovic, Dejan; Aschner, Michael [Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232 (United States)] [Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232 (United States); Batoreu, M. Camila [I-Med.UL, Department of Toxicology and Food Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Lisbon (Portugal)] [I-Med.UL, Department of Toxicology and Food Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Lisbon (Portugal)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

A simple grand canonical approach to compute the vapor pressure of bulk and finite size systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article we introduce a simple grand canonical screening (GCS) approach to accurately compute vapor pressures from molecular dynamics or Monte Carlo simulations. This procedure entails a screening of chemical potentials using a conventional grand canonical scheme, and therefore it is straightforward to implement for any kind of interface. The scheme is validated against data obtained from Gibbs ensemble simulations for water and argon. Then, it is applied to obtain the vapor pressure of the coarse-grained mW water model, and it is shown that the computed value is in excellent accord with the one formally deduced using statistical thermodynamics arguments. Finally, this methodology is used to calculate the vapor pressure of a water nanodroplet of 94 molecules. Interestingly, the result is in perfect agreement with the one predicted by the Kelvin equation for a homogeneous droplet of that size.

Factorovich, Matas H.; Scherlis, Damin A. [Departamento de Qumica Inorgnica, Analtica y Qumica Fsica/INQUIMAE, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Pab. II, Buenos Aires C1428EHA (Argentina)] [Departamento de Qumica Inorgnica, Analtica y Qumica Fsica/INQUIMAE, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Pab. II, Buenos Aires C1428EHA (Argentina); Molinero, Valeria [Department of Chemistry, University of Utah, 315 South 1400 East, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112-0850 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, University of Utah, 315 South 1400 East, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112-0850 (United States)

2014-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

260

Light colored scalar as messenger of up-quark flavor dynamics in grand unified theories  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The measured forward-backward asymmetry in the tt production at the Tevatron might be explained by the additional exchange of a colored weak singlet scalar. Such state appears in some of the grand unified theories, and its interactions with the up-quarks are purely antisymmetric in flavor space. We systematically investigate the resulting impact on charm and top quark physics. The constraints on the relevant Yukawa couplings come from the experimentally measured observables related to D{sup 0}-D{sup 0} oscillations, as well as dijet and single-top production measurements at the Tevatron. After fully constraining the relevant Yukawa couplings, we predict possible signatures of this model in rare top quark decays. In a class of grand unified models we demonstrate how the obtained information enables to constrain the Yukawa couplings of the up-quarks at very high energy scale.

Dorsner, Ilja [Department of Physics, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 33-35, 71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Fajfer, Svjetlana [Department of Physics, University of Ljubljana, Jadranska 19, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); J. Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, P.O. Box 3000, 1001 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Kamenik, Jernej F.; Kosnik, Nejc [J. Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, P.O. Box 3000, 1001 Ljubljana (Slovenia)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The ending of an era: After more than 10 years, the Rio Grande Basin Initiative concludes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: #29;) irrigation district studies; #31;) irrigation education and training; #28;) institutional incentives for e#23;cient water use; #25;) on-farm irrigation system management; #26;) urban water conservation; #14;) environment, ecology and water... and predicted population growth will continue to strain limited water supplies both for agricultural irrigation and urban water consumption. In #31;#30;#30;#29; the E#28;cient Irrigation for Water Conservation in the Rio Grande Basin initiative, also known...

Kalisek, Danielle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Investigation of techniques for improvement of seasonal streamflow forecasts in the Upper Rio Grande  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIST OF FIGURES Page Figure 2-1. Maps of the Upper Rio Grande basin showing the gauging sites used in this study: (a) NWS temperature and precipitation stations and snowcourse sites (left); (b) USGS streamflow gauging stations and their drainage...-7. Map of composite average monthly temperature residuals at each station from October through September for El Ni?o (solid), neutral (dotted), La Ni?a (dashed) years??????????... 29 Figure 2-8. Map of composite average monthly total precipitation...

Lee, Song-Weon

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Rare, Threatened and Endangered Species of the Rio Grande/ Rio Bravo Basin: A Bibliography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sur de Texas y de Mxico se considera uno de los "ltimos grandes hbitats en Norteamrica debido a sus recursos biolgicos nicos (Fulbright y Bryant 2002). A travs del tiempo, las plantas y los animales nativos o autctonos de las regiones.../Ro Bravo ha mantenido un valor biolgico significativo , gran parte de esta ha sido altamente degradada al compararse con su condicin de hace 50 a 100 aos (Ricketts et al 1999). Los impactos humanos producidos por la desviacin del agua, los...

Wilkins, Neal; Gil, Karine

264

Aspects of the natural history of freshwater turtles within the lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) reported on food preferences of captives from Texas. Mahmoud (1960, 1967, 1968, 1969) studied the ecology of this species in Oklahoma. THE STUDY AREA This study was conducted during the months of June-November, 1976, in the lower Rio Grande Valley (Rio... is found from Indiana south through Alabama, western Georgia, and the Florida Panhandle to the Gulf of Mexico; west through Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas into eastern New Nexico and northeastern Mexico (Conant, 1975). This form was caught in all...

Grosmaire, Eric Kevin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

265

Estimated Benefits of IBWC Rio Grande Flood-Control Projects in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TR- 275 2004 Estimated Benefits of IBWC Rio Grande Flood-Control Projects in the United States Allen W. Sturdivant Ronald D. Lacewell Ari M. Michelsen M. Edward Rister Naomi Assadian Marian Eriksson Roger Freeman Jennifer H... Flood-Control Projects in the United States Prepared for: INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES SECTION EL PASO, TEXAS SEPTEMBER 2004 Prepared by: Texas Agriculture Experiment Station, and Texas Water Resources Institute of the Texas...

Sturdivant, Allen W.; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Michelsen, Ari M.; Rister, M. Edward; Assadian, Naomi; Eriksson, Marian; Freeman, Roger; Jacobs, Jennifer H.; Madison, W. Tom; McGuckin, James T.; Morrison, Wendy; Robinson, John R.C.; Staats, Chris; Sheng, Zhuping; Srinivasan, R.; Villalobos, Joshua I.

266

INGENIERIA DE TRAFICO EN LINEA EN REDES MPLS APLICANDO LA TEORIA DE GRANDES DESVIACIONES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INGENIER´IA DE TR´AFICO EN L´INEA EN REDES MPLS APLICANDO LA TEOR´IA DE GRANDES DESVIACIONES Por´IA EN INGENIER´IA EL´ECTRICA de la UNIVERSIDAD DE LA REP´UBLICA MONTEVIDEO, URUGUAY 2003 c Copyright firmantes certifican haber le´ido el presente documento y recomiendan a la Facultad de Ingenier´ia la

267

Strobe Light Deterrent Efficacy Test and Fish Behavior Determination at Grand Coulee Dam Third Powerplant Forebay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the third year of a four-year study to assess the efficacy of a prototype strobe light system to elicit a negative phototactic response in kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (O. mykiss) in the forebay to the third powerplant at Grand Coulee Dam. This work was conducted for the Bonneville Power Administration, U.S. Department of Energy, by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in conjunction with the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (Colville Confederated Tribes).

Simmons, Mary Ann; Johnson, Robert L.; McKinstry, Craig A.; Simmons, Carver S.; Cook, Chris B.; Brown, Richard S.; Tano, Daniel K.; Thorsten, Susan L.; Faber, Derrek M.; Lecaire, Richard; Francis, Stephen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Evolution of Irrigation Districts and Operating Institutions: Texas, Lower Rio Grande Valley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Agriculture, under Agreement Numbers 2001- 45049-01149 and 2003-34461-13278. About the Authors Megan J. Stubbs M. Edward Rister Ronald D. Lacewell John R. Ellis Allen W. Sturdivant John R. C. Robinson Linda Fernandez The authors... supply entities, laws, and agreements. This chapter describes the river, the history of settlement, and the history of development in the region. The first section briefly introduces the Rio Grande, describing the rivers course, drainage...

Fernandez, Linda; Robinson, John R.C.; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Rister, M. Edward; Ellis, John R.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Stubbs, Megan J.

269

International cooperation between the United States and Mexico: addressing water quality of the Lower Rio Grande  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

concerns, and later concentrates on the United States/Mexico border and transboundary issues in the Rio Grande Basin. Policy Building and Sttstainable Development Ascher and Healy (1990), focusing their analysis on third world nations, approach... provides insight into pitfalls of policy development in third world nations. The 19 pitfalls often are apparent in natural resource depletion, environmental degradation, and inefficiencies in aiding populations, usually poor, who were to benefit from...

Crouch, Kellie Gene

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Plants of Ornamental Value for the Rio Grande Valley of Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

foliage with golden yellow stems. Suckering freely at the base, it produces a bushy effect. This palm is very tender to cold. Gocos australis. Dwarf Blue Palm, Australian Palm, Pindo Palm. A rather dwarf palm which produces graceful, recurved, bluegreen... trunk and graceful, feathery, dark green leaves (Fig- ure 3). Although somewhat tender to cold and occasionally chlorotic. this palm can be grown successfully in the Lower Rio Grande Valley in sheltered locations. Figure 2. Dwarf Blue Coconut...

Friend, W. H. (William Heartsill)

1942-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Visualising Cerebral Asymmetry P. Marais, R. Guillemaud, M. Sakuma, A. Zisserman and M. Brady  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distortions introduced by misalignment between the head and MRI machine. We focus primarily on `sparse' MRI. The second is a 2D rendering of the symmetry map, a quantitative measure of asymmetry across the brain. 1 being of greater size at the back of the brain than the corresponding region on the right, while

Marais, Patrick

272

G. Elisabeta (Liz) Marai Department of Computer Science 412-648-0249  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University, Romania, 1998. KQML - Communication among Intelligent Agent Systems B.S., Computer Science & Electrical Engineering, Politehnica University, Romania, 1997. Time-delay Neural Network System for Speech a geometry compression engine for video-games. Lab instructor, Politehnica University, Romania, 1997 to 1999

Marai, G. Elisabeta "Liz"

273

Site observational work plan for the UMTRA project site at Grand Junction, Colorado  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This site observational work plan (SOWP) is one of the first Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Ground Water Project documents developed to select a compliance strategy that meets the UMTRA ground water standards for the Grand Junction site. This SOWP applies information about the Grand Junction site to the compliance strategy selection framework developed in the UMTRA Ground Water Project draft programmatic environmental impact statement. This risk-based, decision-making framework identifies the decision logic for selecting compliance strategies that could be used to meet the ground water standards. The US Department of Energy (DOE) goal is to implement a cost-effective site strategy that complies with the ground water standards and protects human health and the environment. Based on an evaluation of the site characterization and risk assessment data available for the preparation of this SOWP, DOE proposes that the most likely compliance strategy for the Grand Junction site is no remediation with the application of supplemental standards. This proposed strategy is based on a conceptual site model that indicates site-related contamination is confined to a limited-use aquifer as defined in the ground water standards. The conceptual model demonstrates that the uranium processing-related contamination at the site has affected the unconfined alluvial aquifer, but not the deeper confined aquifer.

NONE

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Final report of the radiological release survey of Building 11 at the Grand Junction Office Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Office (GJO) occupies a 61.7-acre facility along the Gunnison River near Grand Junction, Colorado. This site was contaminated with uranium ore concentrates and mill tailings during vanadium refining activities of the Manhattan Engineer District, and during sampling, assaying, pilot milling, storage, and brokerage activities conducted for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission`s domestic uranium procurement program. The DOE Defense Decontamination and Decommissioning Program established the GJO Remedial Action Project (GJORAP) to clean up and restore the facility lands, improvements, and underlying aquifer. WASTREN-Grand Junction is the site contractor for the facility and the remedial action contractor for GJORAP. Building 11 and the underlying soil were found not to be radiologically contaminated; therefore, the building can be released for unrestricted use. Placards have been placed at the building entrances indicating the completion of the radiological release survey and prohibiting the introduction of any radioactive materials within the building without written approvals from the GJO Facilities Operations Manager. This document was prepared in response to a DOE-GJO request for an individual final release report for each GJO building.

Johnson, R.K.; Corle, S.G.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Final report of the radiological release survey of Building 19 at the Grand Junction Office Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Office (GJO) occupies a 61.7-acre facility along the Gunnison River near Grand Junction, Colorado. This site was contaminated with uranium ore concentrates and mill tailings during vanadium refining activities of the Manhattan Engineer District, and during sampling, assaying, pilot milling, storage, and brokerage activities conducted for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission`s domestic uranium procurement program. The DOE Defense Decontamination and Decommissioning Program established the GJO Remedial Action Project (GJORAP) to clean up and restore the facility lands, improvements, and underlying aquifer. WASTREN-Grand Junction is the site contractor for the facility and the remedial action contractor for GJORAP. Building 19 and the underlying soil were found not to be radiologically contaminated; therefore, the building can be released for unrestricted use. Placards have been placed at the building entrances indicating the completion of the radiological release survey and prohibiting the introduction of any radioactive materials within the building without written approvals from the GJO Facilities Operations Manager. This document was prepared in response to a DOE-GJO request for an individual final release report for each GJO building.

Johnson, R.K.; Corle, S.G.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Final report of the radiological release survey of Building 54 at the Grand Junction Office Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Office (GJO) occupies a 61.7-acre facility along the Gunnison River near Grand Junction, Colorado. This site was contaminated with uranium ore concentrates and mill tailings during vanadium refining activities of the Manhattan Engineer District, and during sampling, assaying, pilot milling, storage, and brokerage activities conducted for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission`s domestic uranium procurement program. The DOE Defense Decontamination and Decommissioning Program established the GJO Remedial Action Project (GJORAP) to clean up and restore the facility lands, improvements, and underlying aquifer. WASTREN-Grand Junction is the site contractor for the facility and the remedial action contractor for GJORAP. Building 54 and the underlying soil were found not to be radiologically contaminated, and can be released for unrestricted use. Placards have been placed at the building entrances indicating the completion of the radiological release survey and prohibiting the introduction of any radioactive materials within the building without written approvals from the GJO Facilities Operations Manager. This document was prepared in response to a DOE-GJO request for an individual release report for each GJO building.

Johnson, R.K.; Corle, S.G.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Final report of the radiological release survey of Building 29 at the Grand Junction Office Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Office (GJO) occupies a 61.7-acre facility along the Gunnison River near Grand Junction, Colorado. This site was contaminated with uranium ore concentrates and mill tailing during vanadium refining activities of the Manhattan Engineer District, and during sampling, assaying, pilot milling, storage, and brokerage activities conducted for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission`s domestic uranium procurement program. The DOE Defense Decontamination and Decommissioning Program established the GJO Remedial Action Project (GJORAP) to clean up and restore the facility lands, improvements, and underlying aquifer. WASTREN-Grand Junction is the site contractor for the facility and the remedial action contractor for GJORAP. Building 29 and the underlying soil were found not to be radiologically contaminated; therefore, the building can be released for unrestricted use. Placards have been placed at the building entrances indicating the completion of the radiological release survey and prohibiting the introduction of any radioactive materials within the building without written approvals from the GJO Facilities Operations Manager. This document was prepared in response to a DOE-GJO request for an individual final release report for each GJO building.

Johnson, R.K.; Corle, S.G.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

National Uranium Resource Evaluation. Bibliographic index of Grand Junction office uranium reports  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In October 1978, Mesa College entered into subcontract with Bendix Field Engineering Corporation (BFEC) to prepare a bibliographic index of the uranium raw materials reports issued by the Grand Junction Office of the US Department of Energy (DOE). Bendix, prime contractor to the Grand Junction Office, operates the Technical Library at the DOE facility. Since the early 1950s, approximately 2700 reports have been issued by the Grand Junction Office. These reports were the results of uranium investigations conducted by federal agencies and their subcontractors. The majority of the reports cover geology, mineralogy, and metallurgy of uranium and/or thorium. No single, complete list of these reports existed. The purpose of this subcontract was to compile a comprehensive index to these reports. The Mesa College geology faculty worked with the BFEC and DOE staffs to develop the format for the index. Undergraduate geology students from Mesa compiled a master record sheet for each report. All reports issued up to January 1, 1979 were included in the bibliography. The bibliography is in preliminary, unedited form. It is being open-filed at this time, on microfiche, to make the information available to the public on a timely basis. The bibliography is divided into a master record list arranged in alpha-numeric order by report identification number, with separate indices arranged by title, author, state and county, 1/sup 0/ x 2/sup 0/ NTMS quadrangle, key words, and exploration area.

Johnson, J.B.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Minnesota Innovation Partnerships (MN-IP) Try and Buy MN-IP Try and Buy --for companies interested in licensing existing U of M inventions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is executed BUY (LICENSE) · Low, published royalty rate, with first $1 million of product sales royalty-free · Royalty rates based on industry comparables · Royalty rate discount for MN operating companies2 · Royalty

Minnesota, University of

280

Exchange interaction mediated ferroelectricity in multiferroic MnTiO{sub 3} with anisotropic orbital hybridization and hole delocalization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the orbital structure of MnTiO{sub 3} with polarization dependent x-ray absorption and resonant x-ray emission spectra accompanied with electronic structure calculations. The results clearly indicate a strongly anisotropic O 2p-Mn 3d orbital hybridization whereas the Mn 3d hole state shows a highly delocalized characteristic ascribed to the 3d-4p mixing. The extended Mn 4p orbital could enhance the exchange interaction between Mn (3d)-O (2p)-Mn (3d) leading to an asymmetric charge distribution in Mn-O bonds. The delocalized characteristic of Mn 3d holes is indispensable to the mechanism of spin-dependent-metal-ligand hybridization to explain magnetically induced ferroelectricity.

Chen, S. W.; Fu, S. W.; Lee, J. M.; Lee, J. F.; Pao, C. W.; Ishii, H.; Tsuei, K. D.; Hiraoka, N.; Lu, K. T.; Chen, J. M., E-mail: jeng@phys.nthu.edu.tw, E-mail: xiaolin@uow.edu.au, E-mail: jmchen@nsrrc.org.tw [National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China); Lin, P. A. [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Jeng, H. T., E-mail: jeng@phys.nthu.edu.tw, E-mail: xiaolin@uow.edu.au, E-mail: jmchen@nsrrc.org.tw [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Chen, D. P.; Dou, S. X.; Wang, X. L., E-mail: jeng@phys.nthu.edu.tw, E-mail: xiaolin@uow.edu.au, E-mail: jmchen@nsrrc.org.tw [Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, Australian Institute of Innovative, Materials, University of Wollongong, North Wollongong, NSW 2500 (Australia)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

An Analysis of Mn-Zn Ferrite Microstructure by Impedance Spectroscopy, STEM and EDS Characterisations.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Analysis of Mn-Zn Ferrite Microstructure by Impedance Spectroscopy, STEM and EDS.loyau@satie.ens-cachan.fr Abstract AC resistivity measurement results on Mn-Zn sintered ferrite were analyzed in the 0.1-500 MHz of the main limitations in frequency increase is the energy dissipations by losses in ferrites that produce

Boyer, Edmond

282

Short communication The composite rods of MnO and multi-walled carbon nanotubes as  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Short communication The composite rods of MnO and multi-walled carbon nanotubes as anode materialsO as an anode material for lithium ion batteries are significantly improved. The MnO/MWNTs composite shows a Electronic Materials Research Laboratory, Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education, Xi'an Jiaotong

Ceder, Gerbrand

283

Structural, Electrochemical, and Spectroscopic Investigation of Acetate Bridged Dinuclear Tetrakis-Schiff Base Macrocycles of Mn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resembling the oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) in photosystem II and dimanganese catalase enzymes, resulting+ and Zn2LAc+ , the two metal centers are bridged by an acetate ligand. [Mn2LAc](ClO4)·(DMF)0.5, [Mn2LAc for substrate molecules bound to redox active metal centers.5-10 In 1970, Robson showed that dinuclear tetrakis

Dinolfo, Peter H.

284

Semimetallic antiferromagnetism in the half-Heusler compound CuMnSb Ruben Weht,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CuMnSb, the first antiferromagnet AFM in the Mn-based class of Heuslers and half-Heuslers that contains several conventional and half metallic ferromagnets, shows a peculiar stability of its magnetic order in high magnetic fields. Density functional based studies reveal an unusual nature of its unstable

Pickett, Warren

285

NICKEL-FREE Fe-12Mn-0.2Ti ALLOY STEEL FOR CRYOGENIC APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parr, J. Gordon, J. Iron and Steel Inst. B, vol. 283,137 (Properties of Fe-12Mn-0.2Ti Steel at -196C Yield Stress (FREE Fe-12Mn-O. 2Ti ALLOY STEEL FOR CRYOGENIC APPLICATIONS

Hwang, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Tunable White-Light-Emitting Mn-Doped ZnSe Nanocrystals Vijay Kumar Sharma,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tunable White-Light-Emitting Mn-Doped ZnSe Nanocrystals Vijay Kumar Sharma, Burak Guzelturk, Talha report white-light-emitting Mn-doped ZnSe nanocrystals (NCs) that are synthesized using modified orange emission (580 nm), allowed us to achieve excitation wavelength tailorable white-light generation

Demir, Hilmi Volkan

287

Photovoltaic effect in multiphase Bi-Mn-O thin J. P. Chakrabartty,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photovoltaic effect in multiphase Bi-Mn-O thin films J. P. Chakrabartty,1 R. Nechache,2,4 C and therefore the photovoltaic conversion efficiency. Specifically, a higher Bi/Mn ratio (towards unity separation. 2013 Optical Society of America OCIS codes: (040.5350) Photovoltaic; (160.2260) Ferroelectrics

288

austenitnoj cr-mn stali: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

cr-mn stali First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Cavitation erosion of laser processed Fe-Cr-Mn and Fe-Cr-Co alloys CiteSeer Summary: Received...

289

EIS-0126: Remedial Actions at the Former Climax Uranium Company Uranium Mill Site, Grand Junction, Mesa County, Colorado  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy developed this EIS to assess the environmental impacts of remediating the residual radioactive materials left from the inactive uranium processing site and associated properties located in Grand Junction, Colorado.

290

Economies of Size in Municipal Water-Treatment Technologies: A Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND LIFE SCIENCES TR-367 2010 Economies of Size in Municipal Water-Treatment Technologies: A Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley Case Study By: Christopher N. Boyer1, M. Edward Rister2... Resources Institute Technical Report No. 367 Texas A&M University System College Station, Texas 77843-2118 July 2010 Economies of Size in Municipal Water-Treatment Technologies: A Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley Case Study July 2010 Texas Water...

Boyer, Christopher N.; Rister, M. Edward; Rogers, Callie S.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Browning, Charles Jr.; Elium III, James R.; Seawright, Emily K.

291

Economic implications of alternative cotton production strategies in the lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas, 1973-78  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF ALTERNATIVE COTTON PRODUCTION STRATEGIES IN THE LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY OF TEKAS, 1973-78 A Thesis by RAJ KUMAR SHAUNAK Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1982 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF ALTERNATIVE COTTON PRODUCTION STRATEGIES IN THE LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY OF TEXAS, 1973-7B A Thesis RAJ KUMAR SHAUNAK Approved...

Shaunak, Raj Kumar

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Surface alloys of icosahedral AlMnSi with phason distortions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The microstructures produced by electron-beam melting and by ion-beam mixing Al/Mn and Al/Mn/Si layers on Si substrates are examined. The treatments were found to incorporate Si from the substrate into the surface alloy. Several phases formed, depending on treatment, including ..cap alpha..- and ..beta..-AlMnSi, ..mu..-AlMn (epitaxial on Si(111), and amorphous and icosahedral AlMnSi. The observed microstructures relate the novel icosahedral phase to other phases and elucidate its formation kinetics. Diffraction patterns from large icosahedral grains (up to 5 ..mu..m) show distortions in the position and shape of weak (but not strong) reflections, as predicted for phason defects in a quasicrystalline lattice, one of the structures proposed for icosahedral phases.

Follstaedt, D.M.; Knapp, J.A.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Structural and Magnetic Properties of Co-Mn-Sb Thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thin Co-Mn-Sb films of different compositions were investigated and utilized as electrodes in alumina based magnetic tunnel junctions with CoFe counterelectrode. The preparation conditions were optimized with respect to magnetic and structural properties. The Co-Mn-Sb/Al-O interface was analyzed by x-ray absorption spectroscopy and magnetic circular dichroism with particular focus on the element-specific magnetic moments. Co-Mn-Sb crystallizes in different complex cubic structures depending on its composition. The magnetic moments of Co and Mn are ferromagnetically coupled in all cases. A tunnel magnetoresistance ratio of up to 24% at 13 K was found and indicates that Co-Mn-Sb is not a ferromagnetic half-metal. These results are compared to recent works on the structure and predictions of the electronic properties.

Meinert, M.; Schmalhorst, J.-M.; Ebke, D.; Liu, N. N.; Thomas, A.; Reiss, G.; Kanak, J.; Stobiecki, T.; Arenholz, E.

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

294

Magnetism of NiMn2O4-Fe3O4 spinel interfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the magnetic properties of the isostructural spinel-spinel interface of NiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}(NMO)-Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}. Although the magnetic transition temperature of the NMO film is preserved, both bulk and interface sensitive measurements demonstrate that the interface exhibits strong interfacial magnetic coupling up to room temperature. While NMO thin films have a ferrimagnetic transition temperature of 60 K, both NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and MnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} are ferrimagnetic at room temperature. Our experimental results suggest that these magnetic properties arise from a thin interdiffused region of (Fe,Mn,Ni){sub 3}O{sub 4} at the interface, leading to Mn and Ni magnetic properties similar to those of MnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}.

Arenholz, Elke; Nelson-Cheeseman, B. B.; Chopdekar, R. V.; Bettinger, J. S.; Arenholz, E.; Suzuki, Y.

2007-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

295

Neutron diffraction study of MnNiGa{sub 2}Structural and magnetic behaviour  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

MnNiGa{sub 2} crystallizes in the L21 (Heusler) structure and has a ferromagnetic ordering temperature T{sub C}???192?K. Rietveld refinement of the neutron diffraction patterns indicates that the Ga atoms occupy the equivalent 8c position, while Mn and Ni share the 4a (0, 0, 0) and 4b (0.5, 0.5, 0.5) sites with a mixed occupancy of Mn and Ni atoms. It is found that that ?83% of Mn and ?17% Ni are located at the 4a site while ?83% of Ni and ?17% Mn occupy the 4b site. There is no evidence of a magneto-volume effect around T{sub C}. In agreement with this finding, our detailed critical exponent analyses of isothermal magnetization curves and the related Arrott plots confirm that the magnetic phase transition at T{sub C} is second order.

Wang, J. L., E-mail: jianli@uow.edu.au [Institute for Superconductivity and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522 (Australia); Bragg Institute, ANSTO, Lucas Heights, NSW 2234 (Australia); School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Canberra, ACT 2600 (Australia); Ma, L.; Wu, G. H. [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100190 (China); Hofmann, M. [FRM-II, Technische Universitt Mnchen, 85747 Garching (Germany); Avdeev, M.; Kennedy, S. J. [Bragg Institute, ANSTO, Lucas Heights, NSW 2234 (Australia); Campbell, S. J. [School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Canberra, ACT 2600 (Australia); Md Din, M. F.; Dou, S. X. [Institute for Superconductivity and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522 (Australia); Hoelzel, M. [FRM-II, Technische Universitt Mnchen, 85747 Garching (Germany); Fachbereich Materialwissenschaften, Technische Universitt Darmstadt, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

296

Mn3O4-Graphene Hybrid as a High-Capacity Anode Material for Lithium Ion Hailiang Wang,,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mn3O4-Graphene Hybrid as a High-Capacity Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries Hailiang Wang hybrid materials of Mn3O4 nanoparticles on reduced graphene oxide (RGO) sheets for lithium ion battery stability, owing to the intimate interactions between the graphene substrates and the Mn3O4 nanoparticles

Cui, Yi

297

Electronic structure of the molecule-based magnet MnN,,CN...22 from theory and experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Louisiana 70118 Received 27 November 2001; published 24 July 2002 The electronic structure of the Mn-based determined recently by Kurmoo and Kepert.2,3 More recently, x-ray structure of the Mn-based material has beenElectronic structure of the molecule-based magnet MnN,,CN...22 from theory and experiment M. R

Liu, Amy Y.

298

Grand Challenges  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky LearningGet AssistanceCatalytic SitesEmployee,

299

Magnetic phase diagram of magnetoelectric LiMnPO4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nature of the spin-flop (SF) transition in the magnetoelectric quasi-2D Heisenberg system LiMnPO4 is studied in fields applied along the a axis. A refinement of the magnetic structure using neutron diffraction data in the SF phase reveals that the spins reorient from being parallel to the a axis to be nearly along the c axis at magnetic fields between 4 and 4.7 T, depending on temperature. The low-field antiferromagnetic phase boundary is shown to join the spin-flop line tangentially at the so-called bicritical point, where there is a suppression of the ordering temperature. At the bicritical field, we observe an increased intensity of the Lorentz broadened elastic scattering at magnetic Bragg peaks above TN as compared to zero field and 10 T, without an increase in peak width. This suggests an increased density of fluctuations at the bicritical field as compared to zero field.

Toft-Petersen, Rasmus; Andersen, Niels H.; Li, Haifeng; Li, Jiying; Tian, Wei; Budko, Serguei L.; Jensen, Thomas B.S.; Niedermayer, Christof; Laver, Mark; Zaharko, Oksana; Lynn, Jeffrey W.; Vaknin, David

2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

300

Low-temperature magnetization of (Ga,Mn) As semiconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Zeeman Hamil- tonian gS#3;BBS?z+gj#3;BBj?z, and from Eq. #1;1#2;: m ? mMF #14; mQF = ? #3;B j S + j #1;gS ? gj#2; . #1;5#2; When j=1/2 and gS=gj =2 the quantum fluctuation correc- tion to the magnetization vanishes even though the mean- field...Low-temperature magnetization of (Ga,Mn)As semiconductors T. Jungwirth,1,2 J. Ma?ek,3 K. Y. Wang,2 K. W. Edmonds,2 M. Sawicki,4 M. Polini,5 Jairo Sinova,6 A. H. MacDonald,7 R. P. Campion,2,8 L. X. Zhao,2,8 N. R. S. Farley,2,8 T. K. Johal,8 G. van...

Jungwirth, T.; Masek, J.; Wang, KY; Edmonds, KW; Sawicki, M.; Polini, M.; Sinova, Jairo; MacDonald, AH; Campion, RP; Zhao, LX; Farley, NRS; Johal, TK; van der Laan, G.; Foxon, CT; Gallagher, BL.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Ferromagnetism in Mn-Implanted Epitaxially Grown Ge on Si(100)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied ferromagnetism of Mn-implanted epitaxial Ge films on silicon. The Ge films were grown by ultrahigh vacuum chemical vapor deposition using a mixture of germane (GeH{sub 4}) and methylgermane (CH{sub 3}GeH{sub 3}) gases with a carbon concentration of less than 1 at. %, and observed surface rms roughness of 0.5 nm, as measured by atomic force microscopy. Manganese ions were implanted in epitaxial Ge films grown on Si (100) wafers to an effective concentration of 16, 12, 6, and 2 at. %. Superconducting quantum interference device measurements showed that only the three highest Mn concentration samples are ferromagnetic, while the fourth sample, with [Mn] = 2 at. %, is paramagnetic. X-ray absorption spectroscopy and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements indicate that localized Mn moments are ferromagnetically coupled below the Curie temperature. Isothermal annealing of Mn-implanted Ge films with [Mn] = 16 at. % at 300 C for up to 1200 s decreases the magnetization but does not change the Curie temperature, suggesting that the amount of the magnetic phase slowly decreases with time at this anneal temperature. Furthermore, transmission electron microscopy and synchrotron grazing incidence x-ray diffraction experiments show that the Mn-implanted region is amorphous, and we believe that it is this phase that is responsible for the ferromagnetism. This is supported by our observation that high-temperature annealing leads to recrystallization and transformation of the material into a paramagnetic phase.

Guchhait, S.; Jamil, M.; Ohldag, H.; Mehta, A.; Arenholz, E.; Lian, G.; Li Fatou, A.; Ferrer, D. A.; Markert, J. T.; Colombo, L.; Banerjee, S. K.

2011-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

302

Ferrimagnetism and disorder of epitaxial Mn2-xCoxVAl Heusler compound thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quaternary full Heusler compound Mn{sub 2-x}Co{sub x}VAl with x = 1 is predicted to be a half-metallic antiferromagnet. Thin films of the quaternary compounds with x = 0-2 were prepared by dc and RF magnetron co-sputtering on heated MgO (0 0 1) substrates. The magnetic structure was examined by x-ray magnetic circular dichroism and the chemical disorder was characterized by x-ray diffraction. Ferrimagnetic coupling of V to Mn was observed for Mn{sub 2}VAl (x = 0). For x = 0.5, we also found ferrimagnetic order with V and Co antiparallel to Mn. The observed reduced magnetic moments are interpreted with the help of band structure calculations in the coherent potential approximation. Mn{sub 2}VAl is very sensitive to disorder involving Mn, because nearest-neighbour Mn atoms couple antiferromagnetically. Co{sub 2}VAl has B2 order and has reduced magnetization. In the cases with x {ge} 0.9 conventional ferromagnetism was observed, closely related to the atomic disorder in these compounds.

Meinert, Markus; Schmalhorst, Jan-Michael; Reiss, Gunter; Arenholz, Elke

2011-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

303

Framework-incorporated Mn and Co analcime zeolites: Synthesis and characterization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The framework-substituted cobalt and manganese analcime zeolites were synthesized via a direct hydrothermal approach. The obtained samples were characterized by XRD powder, SEM-EDX, nitrogen physical adsorption, Raman microscopy, diffuse reflectance UV-Vis and IR spectroscopy which complementarily demonstrated the incorporation of cobalt and manganese into the zeolites framework. The results showed that substitution of Mn and Co could be placed in two synthesis gels with same compositions containing Al/Mn=5 and Al/Co=4 mol ratios, respectively. In addition, with replacing Al with Mn and synthesis of Mn-modified analcime, zeolite with higher surface area and pore volume could be achieved than the Co modified analcime. - Graphical abstract: The images and adsorption-desorption isotherms of N{sub 2} at 77 K for (a) Co (b) Mn modified analcime. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Synthesis of Co and Mn modified analcime for the first time. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Framework-incorporation of Co and Mn using the same silicate gel composition. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Applying several techniques to provide proofs for the characterization.

Azizi, Seyed Naser, E-mail: azizi@umz.ac.ir [Analytical Division, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Mazandaran, P.O. Box 47416-95447, Babolsar (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ehsani Tilami, Salma [Analytical Division, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Mazandaran, P.O. Box 47416-95447, Babolsar (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Analytical Division, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Mazandaran, P.O. Box 47416-95447, Babolsar (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

304

Large interface diffusion in endotaxial growth of MnP films on GaP substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The metal organic vapor deposition of MnP films on GaP (100) substrates is shown to have a substantial endotaxial component. A study of the growth time evolution of the endotaxial depths of MnP grains reveals a diffusion-controlled growth with a relatively large diffusion coefficient of Mn in GaP. The value (2.2??1.5)??10{sup ?15} (cm{sup 2}/s) obtained at 650?C is at least two orders of magnitude larger than the reported Mn diffusion in bulk GaP. GaP surface mounds provide further indirect evidence that this large diffusion coefficient is concurrent with the out-diffusion of Ga atoms at the growing MnP/GaP interface. No trace of dislocations could be observed at or near this interface, which strongly suggests that Mn diffusion occurs through vacant sites generated by the difference between the crystallographic structures of MnP and GaP.

Nateghi, N., E-mail: seyyed-nima.nateghi@polymtl.ca; Mnard, D.; Masut, R. A. [Regroupement qubcoise sur les matriaux de pointe (RQMP), Dpartement de Gnie Physique, Polytechnique Montral, C.P. 6079, succ. Centre-ville, Montral, Qubec H3C 3A7 (Canada)

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

305

Dynamic characterization and damage detection in the I-40 bridge over the Rio Grande  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the 1960`s and 1970`s over 2500 bridges were built in the U.S. with a design similar to those on Interstate 40 over the Rio Grande in Albuquerque, New Mexico. These bridges were built without structural redundancy and typically have only two plate girders carrying the entire dead and live loads. Failure of either girder is assumed to produce catastrophic failure of the bridge, hence these bridges are referred to as fracture-critical bridges. The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) have provided funds to New Mexico State University (NMSU) through the New Mexico State Highway and Transportation Department (NMSH&TD) and The Alliance For Transportation Research (ATR) for evaluation and testing of the existing fracture critical bridges over the Rio Grande. Because the 1-40 bridges over the Rio Grande were to be razed during the summer of 1993, the investigators were able to introduce simulated fatigue cracks, similar to those observed in the field, into the structure in order to test various damage identification methods and to observe the changes in load paths through the structure caused by the cracking. To support this research effort, NMSU contracted Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to perform experimental modal analyses, and to develop experimentally verified numerical models of the bridge. Scientists from the LANL`s Condensed Matter and Thermal Physics Group (P-10) applied state-of-the-art sensors and data acquisition software to the modal tests. Engineers from the LANL`s Advanced Engineering Technology Group (MEE-13) conducted ambient and forced vibration tests to verify detailed and simplified finite element models of the bridge. Forced vibration testing was done in conjunction with engineers from Sandia National Laboratory (SNL) who provided and operated a hydraulic shaker.

Farrar, C.R.; Baker, W.E.; Bell, T.M.; Cone, K.M.; Darling, T.W.; Duffey, T.A.; Eklund, A.; Migliori, A.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Structural characterization of terrestrial microbial Mn oxides from Pinal Creek, AZ  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The microbial catalysis of Mn(II) oxidation is believed to be a dominant source of abundant sorption- and redox-active Mn oxides in marine, freshwater, and subsurface aquatic environments. In spite of their importance, environmental oxides of known biogenic origin have generally not been characterized in detail from a structural perspective. Hyporheic zone Mn oxide grain coatings at Pinal Creek, Arizona, a metals-contaminated stream, have been identified as being dominantly microbial in origin and are well studied from bulk chemistry and contaminant hydrology perspectives. This site thus presents an excellent opportunity to study the structures of terrestrial microbial Mn oxides in detail. XRD and EXAFS measurements performed in this study indicate that the hydrated Pinal Creek Mn oxide grain coatings are layer-type Mn oxides with dominantly hexagonal or pseudo-hexagonal layer symmetry. XRD and TEM measurements suggest the oxides to be nanoparticulate plates with average dimensions on the order of 11 nm thick x 35 nm diameter, but with individual particles exhibiting thickness as small as a single layer and sheets as wide as 500 nm. The hydrated oxides exhibit a 10-A basal-plane spacing and turbostratic disorder. EXAFS analyses suggest the oxides contain layer Mn(IV) site vacancy defects, and layer Mn(III) is inferred to be present, as deduced from Jahn-Teller distortion of the local structure. The physical geometry and structural details of the coatings suggest formation within microbial biofilms. The biogenic Mnoxides are stable with respect to transformation into thermodynamically more stable phases over a time scale of at least 5 months. The nanoparticulate layered structural motif, also observed in pure culture laboratory studies, appears to be characteristic of biogenic Mn oxides and may explain the common occurrence of this mineral habit in soils and sediments.

Bargar, John; Fuller, Christopher; Marcus, Matthew A.; Brearley, Adrian J.; Perez De la Rosa, M.; Webb, Samuel M.; Caldwell, Wendel A.

2008-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

307

DAFS study of site-specific local structure of Mn in manganese ferrite films.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Manganese ferrite (MnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}) is a well-known magnetic material widely used in electronics for many years. It is well established that its magnetic behavior is strongly influenced by local structural properties of Mn ions, which are distributed between crystallographically inequivalent tetrahedral and octahedral sites in the unit cell. In order to understand and be able to tune properties of these structures, it is necessary to have detailed site-specific structural information on the system. Here we report on the application of diffraction-anomalous fine structure (DAFS) spectroscopy to resolve site-specific Mn local structures in manganese ferrite films. The DAFS measurements were done at undulator beamline 4-ID-D of the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory. The DAFS spectra (Fig. 1) were measured at several Bragg reflections in the vicinity of the Mn absorption K-edge, having probed separately contributions from tetrahedrally and octahedrally coordinated Mn sites. The DAFS data analysis done with an iterative Kramers-Kroenig algorithm made it possible to solve separately the local structure around different inequivalent Mn sites in the unit cell. The reliability of the data treatment was checked carefully, and it was showed that the site-specific structural parameters obtained with DAFS allow us to describe fluorescence EXAFS spectrum measured independently. Fig. 2 shows individual site contributions to the imaginary part of the resonant scattering amplitude obtained from the treatment of the data of Fig. 1. The analysis of the refined site-specific absorption spectra was done using EXAFS methods based on theoretical standards. We provided direct evidence for the tetrahedral Mn-O bond distance being increased relative to the corresponding Fe-O distance in bulk manganese ferrites. The first coordination shell number was found to be reduced significantly for Mn atoms at these sites. This finding is consistent with the well-known tendency of Mn to be tetrahedrally coordinated in these compounds.

Kravtsov, E.; Haskel, D.; Cady, A.; Yang, A.; Vittoria, C.; Zuo, X.; Harris, V. G.; X-Ray Science Division; Inst. of Metal Physics; Northeastern Univ.; Nankai Univ.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Large Angle MSW Solution in Grand Unified Theories with SU(3) X U(1) Horizontal Symmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a model with a SU(3) X U(1) horizontal symmetry in the context of Grand Unified Theories. In our models, the bi-maximal lepton mixing and suitable neutrino masses for the large angle MSW solution are obtained without any fine-tuning due to the spontaneously broken SU(3)_H symmetry. The three generations of quarks and leptons are unified as members of the SU(3)_H fundamental representation, and the U(1)_H charge gives the origin of the fermion mass hierarchy and mixing angles. We present two explicit examples of SU(5)_GUT and SO(10)_GUT models, in which the Yukawa structures are given successfully.

Ryuichiro Kitano; Yukihiro Mimura

2000-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

309

Communication: Reduced density matrices in molecular systems: Grand-canonical electron states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Grand-canonical like descriptions of many electron atomic and molecular open systems which are characterized by a non-integer number of electrons are presented. Their associated reduced density matrices (RDMs) are obtained by introducing the contracting mapping for this type of distributions. It is shown that there is loss of information when connecting RDMs of different order by partial contractions. The energy convexity property of these systems simplifies the description. Consequently, this formulation opens the possibility to a new look for chemical descriptors such as chemical potential and reactivity among others. Examples are presented to discuss the theoretical aspects of this work.

Bochicchio, Roberto C., E-mail: rboc@df.uba.ar [Departamento de Fsica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires and IFIBA, CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Miranda-Quintana, Ramn A. [Laboratory of Computational and Theoretical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Havana, Zapata e G y Mazn, 10400 Havana (Cuba)] [Laboratory of Computational and Theoretical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Havana, Zapata e G y Mazn, 10400 Havana (Cuba); Rial, Diego [Departamento de Matemtica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires and IMAS, CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina)] [Departamento de Matemtica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires and IMAS, CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

310

Characteristics of roosts of the Rio Grande turkey (Meleagris gallopavo intermedia) in South Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4 5 6 7 8 9 0 0 1, 500 5, 808 0 5, 016 7, 392 0 117 4, 118 528 1, 056 6, 336 4, 224 1, 584 Average 2, 204 2, 974 30 and one as forb habitat categories, On Encino all six were forb-grass. At some winter roosts roads werc...CHARACTERISTICS OF ROOSTS OF THE RIO GRANDE TURKEY (MELEAGRIS GALLOPAVO INTERMEDIA) IN SOUTH TEXAS A Thesis by Harry Hayden Haucke Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A6R University in parti@1 fulfillment of the requirement...

Haucke, Harry Hayden

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

California Red Scale and its Control in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- - -: '+ ,,,:> un ,e , California Red Scale and Its Control in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas GRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President STATION STAFFf. Ldministration : Veterinary Science : A. B. Conner, M. S., Director *M... W. R. Horlacher. Ph. D.. Genetics J. H. Knox, M. S., Animal Husbandry A. L. Darnell, M. A., Dairy Husbandry *Dean School of Veterinary Medicine. fAs of March 1. 1.932. **In cooperation with U. S. Department of Agr~culture. ell ec whic scale...

Clark, S. W. (Sherman Wood); Friend, W. H. (William Heartsill)

1932-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Population Dynamics of Plain Chachalacas in the Lower Rio Grande Valley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The biotic provinces of Texas. Texas Journal of Science 2:93?117. Hooge, B. N., and B. Eichenlaub. 1999. Animal movement extension to ArcView, version 1.1. Alaska Biological Center, U.S. Geological Survey, Anchorage, Alaska, USA. Jahrsdoefer, S. E.... Silvy, R. R. Lopez, B. E. Toole, R. S. Jones, and S. J. DeMaso. Breeding and non-breeding survival of lesser prairie-chickens in Texas. Wildlife Biology 15:89?96. Marion, W. R. 1974. Ecology of the plain chachalaca in the Lower Rio Grande Valley...

Gandaria, Adan G.

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

313

The impact of man upon herpetological communities in the lower Rio Grande Valley, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. APPENDIX C VITA 1X 10 j 7 30 60 72 73 81 87 94 96 va1. a LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page Major levels of land classification system based on remote sensing techniques employing high altitude aerial photographs (from Anderson, et al. 1976) 19... Land use and land cover classification system (modified from Anderson, et al. 1976). . . . . . . 20 Land use in Cameron County (in hectares) (from data compiled by the lower Rio Grande Development Council, 1973). 21 Land use in Hidalgo and Willacy...

Thornton, Okla Weldon

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Watermelon marketing in Texas with emphasis on the Rio Grande Plain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L(sng&y "SM COLLEGE pF &Erie HLTER&IDN HkRHETING IN TBXRS WITH EHPHLSZS QN THE RID SHARK FLAIN i Thesis eaiHLZS Wtu, IRH HRONN ewe Snhnitted to ths Graduate School ef ths lgriaultural and Neehanieal CelIsgo ef Tones in partial fulfillnsnt ef... and Partners With Landssnsrs hp Countias in the Ric Grande Pining 1958' ~ ~ ~ i i ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ i . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 17 5. Percent ef Tc~ Molcns Bruised Intornallp and Index of Bruising When Using Ncr?al and Careful Handling Methods. . . 32 6. Washy Ship...

Brown, Charles William

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

The Control of Fire Ants in the Lower Rio Grande Valley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The fire ant does severe damage to young citrus trees in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. The control of this pest is one of the major factors in the development of a citrus grove in this region. Calcium cyanide, applied to the ant nests, has given satis...- factory control of these insects. Paints and washes incor- porating crude carbolic acid, creosote, or creolin compounds are not recommended for application to the citrus tree. Poisoned baits, using arsenicals as the poison ingredient, have not given...

Clark, S. W. (Sherman Wood)

1931-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

U.S. Department of Energy at Grand Junction 2003 Annual Inspection⎯Monticello, Utah  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C.Green River,The Secretaryat Grand Junction 2003

317

Grand Challenges in Energy by Secretary Steven Chu | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorge Waldmann GeorgeLogging Systems (December 1983) | Department ofGrand

318

Toward Net Energy Buildings: Design, Construction, and Performance of the Grand Canyon House  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Grand Canyon house is a joint project of the DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the U.S. National Park Service and is part of the International Energy Agency Solar Heating and Cooling Programme Task 13 (Advanced Solar Low-Energy Buildings). Energy consumption of the house, designed using a whole-building low-energy approach, was reduced by 75% compared to an equivalent house built in accordance with American Building Officials Model Energy Code and the Home Energy Rating System criteria.

C. Edward Hancock; Greg Barker; J. Douglas Balcomb.

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

319

SO(10) Grand Unification in M theory on a G2 manifold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider Grand Unified Theories based on $SO(10)$ which originate from string/$M$ theory on $G_2$ manifolds or Calabi-Yau spaces with discrete symmetries. In this framework we are naturally led to a novel solution of the doublet-triplet splitting problem previously considered by Dvali which involves an extra vector-like Standard Model family and light, but weakly coupled colour triplets. These additional states are predicted to be accessible at the LHC and also induce R-parity violation. Gauge coupling unification occurs with a larger GUT coupling.

Acharya, Bobby S; Romao, Miguel Crispim; King, Stephen F; Pongkitivanichkul, Chakrit

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Quantum interference in exciton-Mn spin interactions in a CdTe semiconductor quantum dot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show theoretically and experimentally the existence of a new quantum interference(QI) effect between the electron-hole interactions and the scattering by a single Mn impurity. Theoretical model, including electron-valence hole correlations, the short and long range exchange interaction of Mn ion with the heavy hole and with electron and anisotropy of the quantum dot, is compared with photoluminescence spectroscopy of CdTe dots with single magnetic ions. We show how design of the electronic levels of a quantum dot enable the design of an exciton, control of the quantum interference and hence engineering of light-Mn interaction.

Trojnar, A; Kadantsev, E; Hawrylak, P; Goryca, M; Kazimierczuk, T; Kossacki, P; Wojnar, P; Potemski, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Quantum interference in exciton-Mn spin interactions in a CdTe semiconductor quantum dot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show theoretically and experimentally the existence of a new quantum interference(QI) effect between the electron-hole interactions and the scattering by a single Mn impurity. Theoretical model, including electron-valence hole correlations, the short and long range exchange interaction of Mn ion with the heavy hole and with electron and anisotropy of the quantum dot, is compared with photoluminescence spectroscopy of CdTe dots with single magnetic ions. We show how design of the electronic levels of a quantum dot enable the design of an exciton, control of the quantum interference and hence engineering of light-Mn interaction.

A. Trojnar; M. Korkusinski; E. Kadantsev; P. Hawrylak; M. Goryca; T. Kazimierczuk; P. Kossacki; P. Wojnar; M. Potemski

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

322

Melting point measurements for quasicrystalline phases. [Al-Mn; icosahedral and decagonal phases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Melting transitions of metastable quasicrystalline phases of Al-Mn have been observed using rapid electron-beam heating of fine-grained icosahedral surface layers. The congruent melting point for icosahedral Al/sub 80/Mn/sub 20/ was directly measured to be 910 +- 20/sup 0/C. Heating to higher temperatures shows another transition which is inferred to correspond to the liquidus of the decagonal phase at 965 +- 20/sup 0/C for 20 at. % Mn. The microstructure and formation kinetics of the decagonal phase are discussed, and its electron diffraction is described.

Knapp, J.A.; Follstaedt, D.M.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Lessons Learned: The Grand Junction Office Site Transfer to Private Ownership  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy Grand Junction Office (DOE?GJO) in Grand Junction, Colorado, has played an integral role within the DOE complex for many years. GJO has a reputation for outstanding quality in the performance of complex environmental restoration projects, utilizing state-of-the-art technology. Many of the GJO missions have been completed in recent years. In 1998, DOE Headquarters directed GJO to reduce its mortgage costs by transferring ownership of the site and to lease space at a reasonable rate for its ongoing work. A local community group and GJO have entered into a sales contract; signing of the Quitclaim Deed is planned for February 16, 2001. Site transfer tasks were organized as a project with a critical-path schedule to track activities and a Site Transition Decision Plan was prepared that included a decision process flow chart, key tasks, and responsibilities. Specifically, GJO identified the end state with affected parties early on, successfully dealt with site contamination issues, and negotiated a lease-back arrangement, resulting in an estimated savings of more than 60 percent of facility maintenance costs annually. Lessons learned regarding these transition activities could be beneficial to many other sites.

none,

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Network discovery, characterization, and prediction : a grand challenge LDRD final report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the final summation of Sandia's Grand Challenge LDRD project No.119351, 'Network Discovery, Characterization and Prediction' (the 'NGC') which ran from FY08 to FY10. The aim of the NGC, in a nutshell, was to research, develop, and evaluate relevant analysis capabilities that address adversarial networks. Unlike some Grand Challenge efforts, that ambition created cultural subgoals, as well as technical and programmatic ones, as the insistence on 'relevancy' required that the Sandia informatics research communities and the analyst user communities come to appreciate each others needs and capabilities in a very deep and concrete way. The NGC generated a number of technical, programmatic, and cultural advances, detailed in this report. There were new algorithmic insights and research that resulted in fifty-three refereed publications and presentations; this report concludes with an abstract-annotated bibliography pointing to them all. The NGC generated three substantial prototypes that not only achieved their intended goals of testing our algorithmic integration, but which also served as vehicles for customer education and program development. The NGC, as intended, has catalyzed future work in this domain; by the end it had already brought in, in new funding, as much funding as had been invested in it. Finally, the NGC knit together previously disparate research staff and user expertise in a fashion that not only addressed our immediate research goals, but which promises to have created an enduring cultural legacy of mutual understanding, in service of Sandia's national security responsibilities in cybersecurity and counter proliferation.

Kegelmeyer, W. Philip, Jr.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Grand Junction Projects Office site environmental report for calendar year 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents information pertaining to environmental activities conducted during calendar year 1992 at the US Department of Energy Grand Junction Projects Office (DOE-GJPO) facility in Colorado. Environmental activities conducted at the GJPO facility during 1992 included those associated with environmental compliance, site remediation, off-site dose modeling, and radiological and nonradiological monitoring. Four phases of the on-site Grand Junction Projects Office Remedial Action Project were completed in 1992. Remediation activities, which included the removal of 161,589 tons of uranium-mill-tailings-contaminated material from the facility, were conducted in compliance with all applicable permits. Off-site dose modeling for the GJPO was conducted to determine compliance with current National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants, Subpart H, and applicable DOE Orders (5400.1 and 5400.5). The total off-site EDE to the public from all sources of radiation emanating from the facility (radon, air particulates, gamma) was calculated as 9 mrem/yr, which is well below the DOE dose limit of 100 mrem/yr above background. The radiological and nonradiological monitoring program at the GJPO facility included monitoring of activities that generate potentially hazardous or toxic wastes and monitoring of ambient air, surface water, and ground water.

Not Available

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Preliminary Analysis of Grande Ronde Basalt Formation Flow Top Transmissivity as it Relates to Assessment and Site Selection Applications for Fluid/Energy Storage and Sequestration Projects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Preliminary Analysis of Grande Ronde Basalt Formation Flow Top Transmissivity as it Relates to Assessment and Site Selection Applications for Fluid/Energy Storage and Sequestration Projects

Spane, Frank A.

2013-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

327

Magnetism of NiMn2O4-Fe3O4 spinel interfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetism of NiMn 2 O 4 Fe 3 O 4 spinel interfaces B. B.2. Element-specific magnetism of Fe 3 O 4 /NMO interface inin these structures, 6 the magnetism near the isostructural

Nelson-Cheeseman, B. B.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Synthesis and characterization of MnPS{sub 3} for hydrogen sorption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single phase MnPS{sub 3} powder was prepared by solid state reaction between Mn, S and P carried out at 650 deg. C in evacuated silica tube. The structure, morphology and sorption characteristics of the prepared solid were investigated. The results revealed that the obtained MnPS{sub 3} compound was capable of adsorbing 3.5 wt% hydrogen at -193 deg. C and a pressure of 30 bar. Little amount of hydrogen (0.07 wt%) was adsorbed at room temperature. The hydrogen adsorption/desorption cycles at various temperatures did not result in irreversible chemical structural changes of the MnPS{sub 3} compound, but the microstructure after hydrogen cycling diminished and became finer. - Graphical abstract: Atomic building of MPS{sub 3}

Ismail, N., E-mail: nahlaismail24@yahoo.co [Physical Chemistry Department, National Research Center, Center of Excellence for Advanced Science, Renewable Energy Group, Cairo (Egypt); Temerk, Y.M. [Assiut University, Faculty of Science, Chemistry Department, Assuit (Egypt); El-Meligi, A.A. [Physical Chemistry Department, National Research Center, Center of Excellence for Advanced Science, Renewable Energy Group, Cairo (Egypt); Badr, M.A. [Mechanical Engineering Department, Cairo (Egypt); Madian, M. [Physical Chemistry Department, National Research Center, Center of Excellence for Advanced Science, Renewable Energy Group, Cairo (Egypt)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

329

Electrode Characteristics of Individual, MnO2 Coated Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MnO2 Coated Carbon Nanotubes Brad L. Corso, Israel Perez,single- walled carbon nanotubes. Li ion cyclic voltammetrysingle-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) that are grown in

Collins, Philip G

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Characterization of LiNi?.?Mn?.?O? Thin Film Cathode Prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LiNi?.?Mn?.?O? thin films have been grown by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) on stainless steel (SS) substrates. The crystallinity and structure of thin films were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Microstructure and ...

Xia, Hui

331

Frequency Response of Acoustic-Assisted NiMnGa Ferromagnetic- Shape-Memory-Alloy Actuator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A prototype of NiMnGa based ferromagnetic-shape-memory-alloy (FSMA) actuator was designed and built; an acoustic-assist technique was applied to the actuator to enhance its performance. A piezoelectric stack actuator was ...

Techapiesancharoenkij, Ratchatee

332

Combining sedimentological, trace metal (Mn, Mo) and molecular evidence for reconstructing past water-column  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combining sedimentological, trace metal (Mn, Mo) and molecular evidence for reconstructing past online 22 June 2013 Abstract Here, we present sedimentological, trace metal, and molecular evidence underscores the value of combining sedimentological, geochemical, and microbiological approaches

Wehrli, Bernhard

333

DOI: 10.1002/ejic.200700164 Chlorido-Bridged MnII  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

geometry sharing an equatorial-to-axial edge with parallel equatorial planes. The hydrogen bonds be,[3] dicyanamide,[4] and car- boxylate.[5] Ferromagnetic exchange coupling among these MnII compounds

Gao, Song

334

Understanding and development of combined acoustic and magnetic actuation of Ni?MnGa single crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ni-Mn-Ga based ferromagnetic shape memory alloys (FSMAs) have emerged as a promising new class of active materials capable of producing a large (several %) magnetic-field-induced strain (MFIS). FSMAs still have several ...

Techapiesancharoenkij, Ratchatee, 1979-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Formation of nano-crystalline todorokite from biogenic Mn Xiong Han Feng a,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Formation of nano-crystalline todorokite from biogenic Mn oxides Xiong Han Feng a,1 , Mengqiang Zhu oxides in the environment. Additionally this method may be a viable biosynthesis route for porous, nano

Sparks, Donald L.

336

Prospects for high temperature ferromagnetism in (Ga,Mn)As semiconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-quality metallic samples increases linearly with the number of uncompensated local moments on Mn-Ga acceptors, with no sign of saturation. Room temperature ferromagnetism is expected for a 10% concentration of these local moments. Our magnetotransport...

Jungwirth, T.; Wang, KY; Masek, J.; Edmonds, KW; Konig, J.; Sinova, Jairo; Polini, M.; Goncharuk, NA; MacDonald, AH; Sawicki, M.; Rushforth, AW; Campion, RP; Zhao, LX; Foxon, CT; Gallagher, BL.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Irradiated Esophageal Cells are Protected from Radiation-Induced Recombination by MnSOD Gene Therapy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiation-induced DNA damage is a precursor to mutagenesis and cytotoxicity. During radiotherapy, exposure of healthy tissues can lead to severe side effects. We explored the potential of mitochondrial SOD (MnSOD) gene ...

Niu, Yunyun

338

E-Print Network 3.0 - alloy ni-mn-ga single Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mathematics 35 Lattice dynamics and phonon softening in Ni-Mn-Al Heusler alloys Xavier Moya, Llus Maosa,* and Antoni Planes Summary: as 10% have been re- ported in single...

339

Effect of MnAs/GaAs(001) film accommodations on the phase-transition temperature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The phase-transition temperature of MnAs epitaxial films grown by molecular-beam epitaxy on GaAs(001) with different crystalline accommodations was studied by specular and grazing incidence x-ray diffraction. The transition temperature of MnAs films with tilted hexagonal c-axis orientations with respect to the GaAs substrate is higher than the most investigated nontilted films and reaches a value above room temperature, which is more suitable for device applications.

Iikawa, F.; Brasil, M.J.S.P.; Couto, O.D.D.; Adriano, C.; Giles, C.; Daeweritz, L. [Instituto de Fisica 'Gleb Wataghin', UNICAMP, Campinas-SP, C.P. 6165, 13083-970 (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica 'Gleb Wataghin', UNICAMP, Campinas-SP, C.P. 6165, 13083-970, Brazil and Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron, CP-6192, 13084-971 Campinas-SP (Brazil); Paul-Drude-Institut fuer Festkoerperelektronik, Hausvogteiplatz 5-7, 10117 Berlin (Germany)

2004-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

340

DC electrodeposition of MnCo alloys on stainless steels for SOFC interconnect application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High conductivity coatings that resist oxide scale growth and reduce chromium evaporation are needed to make stainless steel interconnect materials viable for long-term stable operation of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). Mn1.5Co1.5O4 spinel is one of the most promising coatings for interconnect application because of its high conductivity, good chromium retention capability, as well as good CTE match to ferritic stainless steels. MnCo electrodeposition followed by oxidization is potentially a low cost method for fabrication of (Mn,Co)3O4 spinel coatings. This work looks at the co-deposition of MnCo alloys for this application. As a guide to optimize the deposition process, characterizations of the cathodic reactions and reaction potentials are done using polarization curves. It was found that as cobalt concentration was varied that the alloy composition became richer in cobalt, indicating that the deposition is regular co-deposition process. It was also found that at 0.05M Co concentration in excess gluconate the MnCo alloys composition could be tuned by varying the current density. Coatings with MnCo around 1:1 could be obtained at a current density of 250 mA/cm2. However, the higher potential increased hydrogen production making the films more porous. Oxidation of the alloy coatings showed that much of the porosities could be eliminated during oxidation. It was found in a number of samples that fully dense coatings where obtained. The composition of the oxidized coating was found to become enriched in Mn, possibly due to the Mn fast diffusion from the substrate.

Wu, Junwei; Jiang, Yinglu; Johnson, Christopher; Liu, Xingbo

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

(In,Mn)As quantum dots: Molecular-beam epitaxy and optical properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Self-assembled (In,Mn)As quantum dots are synthesized by molecular-beam epitaxy on GaAs (001) substrates. The experimental results obtained by transmission electron microscopy show that doping of the central part of the quantum dots with Mn does not bring about the formation of structural defects. The optical properties of the samples, including those in external magnetic fields, are studied.

Bouravleuv, A. D., E-mail: bour@mail.ioffe.ru; Nevedomskii, V. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Ubyivovk, E. V. [St. Petersburg State University (Russian Federation)] [St. Petersburg State University (Russian Federation); Sapega, V. F. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Khrebtov, A. I. [St. Petersburg Academic University, Nanotechnology Research and Education Centre (Russian Federation)] [St. Petersburg Academic University, Nanotechnology Research and Education Centre (Russian Federation); Samsonenko, Yu. B.; Cirlin, G. E.; Ustinov, V. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

Magneto acoustical emission in nanocrystalline MnZn ferrites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: Mn{sub 0.4}Zn{sub 0.6}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} powders were prepared by microwave hydrothermal method. The powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscope. The powders were sintered at different temperatures 400, 500, 600, 700, 800 and 900 C/30 min using microwave sintering method. The grain size was estimated by scanning electron microscope. The room temperature dielectric and magnetic properties were studied in the frequency range (100 kHz1.8 GHz). The magnetization properties were measured upto 1.5 T. The acoustic emission has been measured along the hysteresis loops from 80 K to Curie temperature. It is found that the magneto-acoustic emission (MAE) activity along hysteresis loop is proportional to the hysteresis losses during the same loop. This law has been verified on series of polycrystalline ferrites and found that the law is valid whatever the composition, the grain size and temperature. It is also found that the domain wall creation/or annihilation processes are the origin of the MAE. - Highlights: The AE been measured along the hysteresis loops from 80 K to Curie temperature. The MAE activity along hysteresis loop is proportional to P{sub h} during the same loop. It is found that the domain wall creation/or annihilation processes are the origin of the MAE. - Abstract: Mn{sub 0.4}Zn{sub 0.6}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} powders were prepared by microwave hydrothermal method. The powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscope. The powders were sintered at different temperatures 400, 500, 600, 700, 800 and 900 C/30 min using microwave sintering method. The grain size was estimated by scanning electron microscope. The room temperature dielectric and magnetic properties were studied in the frequency range (100 kHz1.8 GHz). The magnetization properties were measured upto 1.5 T. The acoustic emission has been measured along the hysteresis loops from 80 K to Curie temperature. It is found that the magneto-acoustic emission (MAE) activity along hysteresis loop is proportional to the hysteresis losses during the same loop. This law has been verified on series of polycrystalline ferrites and found that the law is valid whatever the composition, the grain size and temperature. It is also found that the domain wall creation/or annihilation processes are the origin of the MAE.

Praveena, K., E-mail: praveenaou@gmail.com [Materials Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Department of Physics, Osmania University, Hyderabad 500007 (India); Murthty, S.R. [Department of Physics, Osmania University, Hyderabad 500007 (India)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

343

Hydrothermal synthesis of Mn vanadate nanosheets and visible-light photocatalytic performance for the degradation of methyl blue  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: Mn vanadate nanosheets have been synthesized by simple hydrothermal process. The formation of Mn vanadate nanosheets can be controlled by growth conditions. Mn vanadate nanosheets exhibit good photocatalytic activities for methyl blue. - Abstract: Mn vanadate nanosheets have been synthesized via a facile hydrothermal route using ammonium metavanadate and Mn acetate as the raw materials, polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) as the surfactant. X-ray diffraction (XRD) shows that the Mn vanadate nanosheets are composed of monoclinic MnV{sub 2}O{sub 6} phase. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation indicates that the nanosheets have the average thickness of about 50 nm, length of 210 ?m and width of 800 nm to 2 ?m. The growth process of the Mn vanadate nanosheets has also been discussed based on the analysis of the roles of the growth conditions on the formation of the Mn vanadate nanosheets. The nanosheets show good photocatalytic activities for the degradation of methylene blue (MB) under visible light irradiation. About 72.96% MB can be degraded after visible light irradiation for 1 h over 10 mg Mn vanadate nanosheets in 10 mL MB solution with the concentration of 10 mg L{sup ?1}.

Pei, L.Z., E-mail: lzpei@ahut.edu.cn; Xie, Y.K.; Pei, Y.Q.; Jiang, Y.X.; Yu, H.Y.; Cai, Z.Y.

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

344

Magnetic properties and loss separation in iron-silicone-MnZn ferrite soft magnetic composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates the magnetic and structural properties of iron-based soft magnetic composites coated with silicone-MnZn ferrite hybrid. The organic silicone resin was added to improve the flexibility of the insulated iron powder and causes better adhesion between particles to increase the mechanical properties. Scanning electron microscopy and distribution maps show that the iron particle surface is covered with a thin layer of silicone-MnZn ferrite. Silicone-MnZn ferrite coated samples have higher permeability when compared with the non-magnetic silicone resin coated compacts. The real part of permeability increases by 34.18% when compared with the silicone resin coated samples at 20 kHz. In this work, a formula for calculating the total loss component by loss separation method is presented and finally the different parts of total losses are calculated. The results show that the eddy current loss coefficient is close to each other for the silicone-MnZn ferrite, silicone resin and MnZn ferrite coated samples (0.0078MnZn ferrite coated sample (k{sub 2} =1.4058) in comparison with other samples.

Wu, Shen; Sun, Aizhi; Xu, Wenhuan; Zou, Chao; Yang, Jun; Dong, Juan [School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing (China)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

345

EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Western Area Power Administration prepared an EIS, with the U.S. Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, and Grand County (Colorado) as cooperating agencies, to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of rebuilding a 12-mile, 69 kV electric transmission line in Grand County. The proposed project would rebuild the single-circuit line as a double-circuit transmission line and add a second power transformer. Western identified potentially significant impacts while preparing an EA for this proposal (DOE/EA-1520) and prepared an EIS instead of completing the EA. Further information about the project is available on the project website.

346

About the sign ambiguity in the evaluation of Grand Canonical traces for quasi-particle statistical density operators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A simple and general prescription for evaluating unambiguously the sign of the grand-canonical trace of quasi-particle statistical density operators (the so-called sign ambiguity in taking the square root of determinants) is given. Sign ambiguities of this kind appear in the evaluation of the grand-canonical partition function projected to good quantum numbers (angular momentum, parity and particle number) in the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approximation at finite temperature, since traces are usually expressed as the square root of determinants. A comparison is made with the numerical continuity method.

G. Puddu

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

347

Scientific Grand Challenges: Crosscutting Technologies for Computing at the Exascale - February 2-4, 2010, Washington, D.C.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of the "Scientific Grand Challenges - Crosscutting Technologies for Computing at the Exascale" workshop in February 2010, jointly sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energys Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research and the National Nuclear Security Administration, was to identify the elements of a research and development agenda that will address these challenges and create a comprehensive exascale computing environment. This exascale computing environment will enable the science applications identified in the eight previously held Scientific Grand Challenges Workshop Series.

Khaleel, Mohammad A.

2011-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

348

Impacts of the Cerro Grande fire on Homestead era and Manhattan Project properties at Los Alamos National Laboratory.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In May of 2000, the Cerro Grande Fire burned approximately 8,000 acres of Department of Energy (DOE) managed land at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Although the fire was generally of low intensity, it impacted a significant number of LANL's cultural resources. Historic wooden properties were affected more heavily than prehistoric archaeological sites. This paper will provide an overview of the Homestead and Manhattan Project Periods at LANL and will discuss the effects of the Cerro Grande Fire on historic wooden properties. Post-fire cultural resource management issues will also be discussed.

McGehee, E. D. (Ellen D.); Isaacson, J. (John)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Grande Ronde Basin Fish Habitat Enhancement Project, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On July 1, 1984 the Bonneville Power Administration and the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife entered into an agreement to initiate fish habitat enhancement work in the Joseph Creek subbasin of the Grande Ronde River Basin in northeast Oregon. In July of 1985 the Upper and Middle Grande Ronde River, and Catherine Creek subbasins were included in the intergovernmental contract, and on March 1, 1996 the Wallowa River subbasin was added. The primary goal of 'The Grande Ronde Basin Fish Habitat Enhancement Project' is to create, protect, and restore riparian and instream habitat for anadromous salmonids, thereby maximizing opportunities for natural fish production within the basin. This project provided for implementation of Program Measure 703 (C)(1), Action Item 4.2 of the Northwest Power Planning Council's Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (NPPC, 1987), and continues to be implemented as offsite mitigation for mainstem fishery losses caused by the Columbia River hydro-electric system. All work conducted by the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife is on private lands and therefore requires that considerable time be spent developing rapport with landowners to gain acceptance of, and continued cooperation with this program throughout 10-15 year lease periods. This project calls for passive regeneration of habitat, using riparian exclosure fencing as the primary method to restore degraded streams to a normative condition. Active remediation techniques using plantings, off-site water developments, site-specific instream structures, or whole channel alterations are also utilized where applicable. Individual projects contribute to and complement ecosystem and basin-wide watershed restoration efforts that are underway by state, federal, and tribal agencies, and local watershed councils. Work undertaken during 2002 included: (1) Implementing 1 new fencing project in the Wallowa subbasin that will protect an additional 0.95 miles of stream and 22.9 acres of habitat; (2) Conducting instream work activities in 3 streams to enhance habitat and/or restore natural channel dimensions, patterns or profiles; (3) Planting 31,733 plants along 3.7 stream miles, (4) Establishing 71 new photopoints and retaking 254 existing photopoint pictures; (5) Monitoring stream temperatures at 12 locations on 6 streams; (6) Completing riparian fence, water gap and other maintenance on 100.5 miles of project fences. Since initiation of the project in 1984 over 68.7 miles of anadromous fish bearing streams and 1,933 acres of habitat have been protected, enhanced and maintained.

McGowan, Vance

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Calcium EXAFS establishes the Mn-Ca cluster in the oxygen-evolving complex of Photosystem II  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proximity of Ca to the Mn cluster of the photosynthetic water-oxidation complex is demonstrated by X-ray absorption spectroscopy. We have collected EXAFS data at the Ca K-edge using active PS II membrane samples that contain approximately 2 Ca per 4 Mn. These samples are much less perturbed than previously investigated Sr-substituted samples, which were prepared subsequent to Ca depletion. The new Ca EXAFS clearly shows backscattering from Mn at 3.4 angstroms, a distance that agrees with that surmised from previously recorded Mn EXAFS. This result is also consistent with earlier related experiments at the Sr K-edge, using samples that contained functional Sr, that show Mn is {approx}; 3.5 angstroms distant from Sr. The totality of the evidence clearly advances the notion that the catalytic center of oxygen evolution is a Mn-Ca heteronuclear cluster.

Cinco, Roehl M.; McFarlane Holman, Karen L.; Robblee, John H.; Yano, Junko; Pizarro, Shelly A.; Bellacchio, Emanuele; Sauer, Kenneth; Yachandra, Vittal K.

2002-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

351

Schwinger's Magnetic Model of Matter: Can It Help Us With Grand Unification?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many have argued that research on grand unification or local realistic physics will not be truly relevant until it makes predictions verified by experiment, different from the prediction of prior theory (the standard model). This paper proposes a new strategy (and candidate Lagrangians) for such models; that strategy in turn calls for reconsideration of Schwinger's magnetic model of matter. High priority should be given to experiments which fully confirm or deny recent scattering calculations which suggest the presence of van der Waals effects in low energy p-p and pi-pi scattering, consistent with Schwinger's model and inconsistent with QCD as we know it (with a mass gap). I briefly discuss other evidence, which does not yet rule out Schwinger's theory. A recent analysis of hadron masses also seems more consistent with the Schwinger model than with QCD.

Paul J. Werbos

2008-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

352

Implementing split-feed fuel designs at Grand Gulf Nuclear Station  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy, like many US utilities, has implemented extended (18-month) operating cycles. In addition, capacity factors have significantly improved during the past 10 yr. Both changes result in relatively high cycle energy requirements. To effectively meet these requirements, Energy has adopted Siemens Power Corporation's advanced fuel design (SNP-9 x 9-5) for use at Grand Gulf nuclear station. The implementation of this design, along with improvements in technical specifications, provide opportunities for improved fuel cycle economics. One strategy used to obtain this performance is the development of split-feed reload batch designs. A split-feed batch contains two subbatches with different batch average enrichments. Split-feed designs have been developed for the current operating cycle and the next planned cycle.

Smith, F.H.; Covington, L.J. (Entergy Operations, Jackson, MS (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

EIS-0355: Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand and San Juan Counties, Utah  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand and San Juan Counties, Utah, Environmental Impact Statement and associated supplements and amendments provides information on the environmental impacts of the U.S. Department of Energys (DOEs) proposal to (1) remediate approximately 11.9 million tons of contaminated materials located on the Moab site and approximately 39,700 tons located on nearby vicinity properties and (2) develop and implement a ground water compliance strategy for the Moab site using the framework of the Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Ground Water Project (DOE/EIS-0198, October 1996). The surface remediation alternatives analyzed in the EIS include on-site disposal of the contaminated materials and off-site disposal at one of three alternative locations in Utah using one or more transportation options: truck, rail, or slurry pipeline.

354

Finite Quantum Grand Canonical Ensemble and Temperature from Single Electron Statistics in a Mesoscopic Device  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I present a theoretical model of a quantum statistical ensemble for which, unlike in conventional physics, the total number of particles is extremely small. The thermodynamical quantities are calculated by taking a small $N$ by virtue of the orthodicity of canonical ensemble. The finite quantum grand partition function of a Fermi-Dirac system is calculated. The model is applied to a quantum dot coupled with a small two dimensional electron system. Such system consists of an alternatively single and double occupied electron system confined in a quantum dot, which exhanges one electron with a small $N$ two dimensional electron reservoir. The analytic determination of the temperature of a $(1\\leftrightarrow 2)$ electron system and the role of ergodicity are discussed. The generalized temperature expression in the small $N$ regime recovers the usual temperature expression by taking the limit of $N\\to\\infty$ of the electron bath.

Enrico Prati

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

355

Synthesis of Li{sub (x)}Na{sub (2-x)}Mn{sub 2}S{sub 3} and LiNaMnS{sub 2} through redox-induced ion exchange reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Na{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}S{sub 3} was oxidatively deintercalated using iodine in acetonitrile to yield Na{sub 1.3}Mn{sub 2}S{sub 3}, with lattice constants nearly identical to that of the reactant. Lithium was then reductively intercalated into the oxidized product to yield Li{sub 0.7}Na{sub 1.3}Mn{sub 2}S{sub 3}. When heated, this metastable compound decomposed to form a new crystalline compound, LiNaMnS{sub 2}, along with MnS and residual Na{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}S{sub 3}. Single crystal X-ray diffraction structural analysis of LiNaMnS{sub 2} revealed that this compound crystallizes in P-3m1 with cell parameters a=4.0479(6) A, c=6.7759(14) A, V=96.15(3) A{sup 3} (Z=1, wR2=0.0367) in the NaLiCdS{sub 2} structure-type. - Graphical abstract: Structure of LiNaMnS{sub 2}. Li and Mn are statistically distributed in edge-shared tetrahedral environments linked into infinite planes. Sodium ions occupy interlayer sites.

Luthy, Joshua A.; Goodman, Phillip L. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas State University-San Marcos, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX 78666 (United States); Martin, Benjamin R. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas State University-San Marcos, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX 78666 (United States)], E-mail: bmartin@txstate.edu

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

356

PVP-Assisted ZrO2 coating on LiMn2O4 spinel cathode nanoparticles prepared by MnO2 nanowire templates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solution. Upon annealing at 600 °C in air, an amorphous ZrO2 nanoscale coating layer was obtained [5­10]. Although Li-ion batteries are attractive power-storage devices that have high energy density metal oxide coatings have been reported, studies to improve both the rate capabilities of spinel LiMn2O4

Cho, Jaephil

357

Use of a dynamic simulation model to understand nitrogen cycling in the middle Rio Grande, NM.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water quality often limits the potential uses of scarce water resources in semiarid and arid regions. To best manage water quality one must understand the sources and sinks of both solutes and water to the river system. Nutrient concentration patterns can identify source and sink locations, but cannot always determine biotic processes that affect nutrient concentrations. Modeling tools can provide insight into these large-scale processes. To address questions about large-scale nitrogen removal in the Middle Rio Grande, NM, we created a system dynamics nitrate model using an existing integrated surface water--groundwater model of the region to evaluate our conceptual models of uptake and denitrification as potential nitrate removal mechanisms. We modeled denitrification in groundwater as a first-order process dependent only on concentration and used a 5% denitrification rate. Uptake was assumed to be proportional to transpiration and was modeled as a percentage of the evapotranspiration calculated within the model multiplied by the nitrate concentration in the water being transpired. We modeled riparian uptake as 90% and agricultural uptake as 50% of the respective evapotranspiration rates. Using these removal rates, our model results suggest that riparian uptake, agricultural uptake and denitrification in groundwater are all needed to produce the observed nitrate concentrations in the groundwater, conveyance channels, and river as well as the seasonal concentration patterns. The model results indicate that a total of 497 metric tons of nitrate-N are removed from the Middle Rio Grande annually. Where river nitrate concentrations are low and there are no large nitrate sources, nitrate behaves nearly conservatively and riparian and agricultural uptake are the most important removal mechanisms. Downstream of a large wastewater nitrate source, denitrification and agricultural uptake were responsible for approximately 90% of the nitrogen removal.

Meixner, Tom (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Oelsner, Gretchen (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Brooks, Paul (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Roach, Jesse D.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF PRINCIPAL STRESSES IN THE CHARLEVOIX, LOWER ST. LAWRENCE, NORTHERN APPALACHIAN, LAURENTIAN SLOPE AND GRAND BANKS REGIONS ON FAULTS IN NOVA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brunswick. Point Lepreau is home to a nuclear power plant and seismic risk information in the Northern. Lawrence, offshore Nova Scotia and the Grand Banks. Earthquake and focal mechanism data were obtained from. In the Grand Banks region, stress orientations seem random and the cause of earthquakes is unknown. Offshore

Beaumont, Christopher

359

X-ray Emission Spectroscopy to Study Ligand Valence Orbitals in Mn Coordination Complexes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss a spectroscopic method to determine the character of chemical bonding and for the identification of metal ligands in coordination and bioinorganic chemistry. It is based on the analysis of satellite lines in X-ray emission spectra that arise from transitions between valence orbitals and the metal ion 1s level (valence-to-core XES). The spectra, in connection with calculations based on density functional theory (DFT), provide information that is complementary to other spectroscopic techniques, in particular X-ray absorption (XANES and EXAFS). The spectral shape is sensitive to protonation of ligands and allows ligands, which differ only slightly in atomic number (e.g., C, N, O...), to be distinguished. A theoretical discussion of the main spectral features is presented in terms of molecular orbitals for a series of Mn model systems: [Mn(H2O)6]2+, [Mn(H2O)5OH]+, [Mn(H2O)5NH2]+, and [Mn(H2O)5NH3]2+. An application of the method, with comparison between theory and experiment, is presented for the solvated Mn2+ ion in water and three Mn coordination complexes, namely [LMn(acac)N3]BPh4, [LMn(B2O3Ph2)(ClO4)], and [LMn(acac)N]BPh4, where L represents 1,4,7-trimethyl-1,4,7-triazacyclononane, acac stands for the 2,4-pentanedionate anion, and B2O3Ph2 represents the 1,3-diphenyl-1,3-dibora-2-oxapropane-1,3-diolato dianion.

Smolentsev, Grigory; Soldatov, Alexander V; Messinger, Johannes; Merz, Kathrin; Weyhermuller, Thomas; Bergmann, Uwe; Pushkar, Yulia; Yano, Junko; Yachandra, Vittal K.; Glatzel, Pieter

2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

360

Supercapacitor behavior of ?-MnMoO{sub 4} nanorods on different electrolytes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: SEM image of ?-MnMoO{sub 4} nanorods on FTO substrate. Highlights: ? Synthesis of ?-MnMoO{sub 4} nanorods by spin coating method. ? First study on the effect of electrolyte on the pseudocapacitance behavior. ? ?-MnMoO{sub 4} nanorods exhibit maximum specific capacitance of 998 F/g. ? At higher scan rates p-TSA electrolyte exhibits superior capacitive behavior. -- Abstract: ?-MnMoO{sub 4} nanorods were prepared on conducting glass substrate via solgel spin coating method at the optimum doping level. The effect of electrolyte on the pseudocapacitance behavior of the ?-MnMoO{sub 4} nanorods was studied using para toluene sulfonic acid (p-TSA), sulfuric acid (H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) as electrolytes. X-ray diffraction analysis reveals the formation of ?-MnMoO{sub 4} in monoclinic phase. FTIR spectra contain vibrational bands associated with Mo=O, MO and MoOMo bonds. SEM image reveals the formation of nanorods. Supercapacitor behavior has been studied using cyclic voltammetry (CV) analysis. ?-MnMoO{sub 4} nanorods exhibit maximum specific capacitance of 998 F/g at a scan rate of 5 mV/s in H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} electrolyte while a specific capacitance of 784 F/g and 530 F/g have been obtained using p-TSA and HCl electrolytes, respectively. At higher scan rates p-TSA electrolyte exhibits superior capacitive behavior than H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}.

Purushothaman, K.K., E-mail: purushoth_gri@yahoo.co.in [Department of Physics, TRP Engineering College (SRM Group), Irungalur, Trichy, Tamilnadu (India); Cuba, M. [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural Institute Deemed University, Gandhigram, Tamilnadu (India)] [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural Institute Deemed University, Gandhigram, Tamilnadu (India); Muralidharan, G., E-mail: muralg@rediffmail.com [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural Institute Deemed University, Gandhigram, Tamilnadu (India)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Technical basis for radiological release of Grand Junction Office Building 2. Volume 2, dose assessment supporting data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The second volume of the Grand Junction Office Action Program Technical Basis for Radiological Release of Grand Junction Office Building 2 report includes the data quality objectives (DQO), sampling plan, collected data, and analysis used to model future radiation doses to members of the public occupying Building 2 on the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Office (GJO) site. This volume was assembled by extracting relevant components of the Grand Junction Projects Office Remedial Action Project Building 2 Public Dose Evaluation (DOE 1996) and inserting recent additional data that was gathered and dose pathway modeling that was performed. The intent of this document is to provide all derived guidance decisions, assumptions, measured data, testing results, and pathway modeling software input and output data that supports the discussion and determinations presented in Volume 1 of this report. For constructive employment of this document, the reader is encouraged to closely follow Volume 1 for proper association with the segment of information being examined.

NONE

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

METROPOLIZACIN, TRANSFORMACIONES MERCANTILES Y GOBERNANZA EN LOS PASES EMERGENTES LAS GRANDES CIUDADES EN LAS MUTACIONES DEL COMERCIO MUNDIAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

negocio bancario y, a pesar de la crisis, planea la apertura de numerosas nuevas tiendas en el año 2009 internacionalización de las grandes cadenas internacionales de comercio durante los años noventa, en particular en expansión de las cadenas internacionales de autoservicios en los países de la periferia. La siguiente

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

363

Submitted to HuffingtonPost.com Obama's Iran Nuclear Deadline: A Grand Bargain is Still Possible if Both Sides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Submitted to HuffingtonPost.com Obama's Iran Nuclear Deadline: A Grand Bargain is Still Possible Obama and Secretary of State Clinton have promised "crippling" new sanctions will be imposed on Iran by year's end if Iran does not seriously engage in negotiations on its nuclear activities. Tehran clearly

O'Donnell, Tom

364

An Overview of the Operational Characteristics of Selected Irrigation Districts in the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley: Brownsville Irrigation District  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................................................................... 18 4 Graphical Illustration of Total Acreage Irrigated for Fiscal Years 1999-2003 .................................................................................................. 21 A1 Graphical Representation of Lower Rio Grande Valley... Water Treaty ............................................................................. 8 3 Total Acreage Irrigated for Fiscal Years 1999-2003 ................................................... 21 4 Brownsville Irrigation Districts Pricing...

Stubbs, Megan J.; Rister, M. Edward; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Lacewell, Ronald D.

365

The geochemical evolution of the Sonju Lake intrusion: assimilation and fractional crystallization in a layered mafic intrusion near Finland, Mn.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The Sonju Lake Intrusion, located within the Beaver Bay Complex near Finland, MN, is the most completely differentiated intrusion related to the Midcontinent Rift System (more)

Dayton, Ryan N.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

CTUIR Grande Ronde River Watershed Restoration Program McCoy Creek/McIntyre Creek Road Crossing, 1995-1999 Progress Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) and Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) entered into a contract agreement beginning in 1996 to fund watershed restoration and enhancement actions and contribute to recovery of fish and wildlife resources and water quality in the Grande Ronde River Basin. The CTUIR's habitat program is closely coordinated with the Grande Ronde Model Watershed Program and multiple agencies and organizations within the basin. The CTUIR has focused during the past 4 years in the upper portions of the Grande Ronde Subbasin (upstream of LaGrande, Oregon) on several major project areas in the Meadow, McCoy, and McIntyre Creek watersheds and along the mainstem Grande Ronde River. This Annual Report provides an overview of individual projects and accomplishments.

Childs, Allen B.

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Enhanced ferromagnetic order in Sr{sub 4}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} featuring canted [MnO{sub 4}]{sub ?} spin chains of mixed-valent Mn(III)/Mn(IV). Aliovalent substitution of the Sr{sub 4?x}Ln{sub x}Mn{sup III}{sub 2+x}Mn{sup IV}{sub 1?x}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} solid-solution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crystals of Sr{sub 4?x}Ln{sub x}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} (x=0; x?0.15 for Ln=La, Pr, Nd, Sm. Eu, Gd, Dy; x?0.3 for Ln=Gd) were isolated upon using high-temperature, solid-state methods in molten-salt media. These compounds are isostructural with the previously reported Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3} (Ln=La, Sm, Gd) series that contains the same [MnO{sub 4}]{sub ?} spin chains. The synthesis of the Sr{sub 4}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} (x=0) phase was carried out by a double aliovalent substitution with respect to the Sr{sup 2+} and Ge{sup 4+} ions that replace Na{sup +}/Ln{sup 3+} and As{sup 5+} in Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3}, respectively. The title series contains mixed-valent Mn(III)/Mn(IV) and shows a limited range of solid solution, both of which were not observed in the previously reported Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3} series. To form the Sr{sub 4?x}Ln{sub x}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} solid solution, one of the Sr{sup 2+} sites, i.e., the original Ln-site in Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3}, is partially substituted by Ln{sup 3+} in a statistical disorder of Sr{sub 1?x}/Ln{sub x}. Initial magnetic investigations of selected derivatives reveal higher ferromagnetic ordering temperatures than those reported for the Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3} series, presumably attributed to a lesser degree of canting as a result of introducing non-JahnTeller Mn{sup 4+} ions. Also intriguing is the observation of multiple anomalies at low temperatures which appear to be of electronic origins. - Graphical abstract: Sr{sub 4?x}Ln{sub x}Mn(III){sub 2+x}Mn(IV){sub 1?x}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3}. Display Omitted - Highlights: Double aliovalent substitution: Sr{sub 4}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} with respect to Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3}. Solid solution with respect to statistical disorder of Sr{sub 1?x}Ln{sub x} in one of the two Sr sites. Mn{sup 3+}/Mn{sup 4+} magnetic ions are spatially arranged in a triangular kagom fashion. Enhanced ferromagnetic ordering attributed to doping non-JahnTeller Mn{sup 4+}.

West, J. Palmer; Sulejmanovic, Dino [Department of Chemistry, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States); Becht, Gregory [E. I. du Pont, Wilmington, DE 19880-0500 (United States); He, Jian; Hitchcock, Dale [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States); Yan, Yonggao [Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China); Hwu, Shiou-Jyh, E-mail: shwu@clemson.edu [Department of Chemistry, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

Non-extended phase space thermodynamics of Lovelock AdS black holes in grand canonical ensemble  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, extended phase space thermodynamics of Lovelock AdS black holes has been of great interest. To provide insight from a different perspective and gain a unified phase transition picture, non-extended phase space thermodynamics of $(n+1)$-dimensional charged topological Lovelock AdS black holes is investigated detailedly in the grand canonical ensemble. Specifically, the specific heat at constant electric potential is calculated and phase transition in the grand canonical ensemble is discussed. To probe the impact of the various parameters, we utilize the control variate method and solve the phase transition condition equation numerically for the case $k=1,-1$. There are two critical points for the case $n=6,k=1$ while there is only one for other cases. For $k=0$, there exists no phase transition point. To figure out the nature of phase transition in the grand canonical ensemble, we carry out an analytic check of the analog form of Ehrenfest equations proposed by Banerjee et al. It is shown that Lovelock AdS black holes in the grand canonical ensemble undergo a second order phase transition. To examine the phase structure in the grand canonical ensemble, we utilize the thermodynamic geometry method and calculate both the Weinhold metric and Ruppeiner metric. It is shown that for both analytic and graphical results that the divergence structure of the Ruppeiner scalar curvature coincides with that of the specific heat. Our research provides one more example that Ruppeiner metric serves as a wonderful tool to probe the phase structures of black holes.

Jie-Xiong Mo; Wen-Biao Liu

2015-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

369

High-Resolution Structure of the Photosynthetic Mn4Ca Catalyst from X-ray Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The application of high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy methods to study the photosynthetic water oxidizing complex, which contains a unique hetero-nuclear catalytic Mn4Ca cluster, are described. Issues of X-ray damage especially at the metal sites in the Mn4Ca cluster are discussed. The structure of the Mn4Ca catalyst at high-resolution which has so far eluded attempts of determination by X-ray diffraction, EXAFS and other spectroscopic techniques has been addressed using polarized EXAFS techniques applied to oriented PS II membrane preparations and PS II single crystals. A review of how the resolution of traditional EXAFS techniques can be improved, using methods such as range-extended EXAFS is presented, and the changes that occur in the structure of the cluster as it advances through the catalytic cycle are described. X-ray absorption and emission techniques (XANES and K? emission) have been used earlier to determine the oxidation states of the Mn4Ca cluster, and in this report we review the use of X-ray resonant Raman spectroscopy to understand the electronic structure of the Mn4Ca cluster as it cycles through the intermediate S-states.

Yachandra, Vittal; Yano, Junko; Kern, Jan; Pushkar, Yulia; Sauer, Kenneth; Glatzel, Pieter; Bergmann, Uwe; Messinger, Johannes; Zouni, Athina; Yachandra, Vittal K.

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Oxidation State Changes of the Mn(4)Ca Cluster in Photosystem II  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed electronic structure of the Mn{sub 4}Ca cluster is required before two key questions for understanding the mechanism of photosynthetic water oxidation can be addressed. They are whether all four oxidizing equivalents necessary to oxidize water to O{sub 2} accumulate on the four Mn ions of the oxygen-evolving complex, or do some ligand-centered oxidations take place before the formation and release of O{sub 2} during the S{sub 3} {yields} [S{sub 4}] {yields} S{sub 0} transition, and what are the oxidation state assignments for the Mn during S-state advancement. X-ray absorption and emission spectroscopy of Mn, including the newly introduced resonant inelastic X-ray scattering spectroscopy have been used to address these questions. The present state of understanding of the electronic structure and oxidation state changes of the Mn{sub 4}Ca cluster in all the S-states, particularly in the S{sub 2} to S{sub 3} transition, derived from these techniques is described in this review.

Yano, J.; Yachandra, V.K.

2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

371

Magnetoresistance in Mn ion-implanted GaAs:Zn nanowires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated the magnetoresistance (MR) in a series of Zn doped (p-type) GaAs nanowires implanted with different Mn concentrations. The nanowires with the lowest Mn concentration (?0.0001%) exhibit a low resistance of a few k? at 300?K and a 4% positive MR at 1.6?K, which can be well described by invoking a spin-split subband model. In contrast, nanowires with the highest Mn concentration (4%) display a large resistance of several M? at 300?K and a large negative MR of 85% at 1.6?K. The large negative MR is interpreted in terms of spin-dependent hopping in a complex magnetic nanowire landscape of magnetic polarons, separated by intermediate regions of Mn impurity spins. Sweeping the magnetic field back and forth for the 4% sample reveals a hysteresis that indicates the presence of a weak ferromagnetic phase. We propose co-doping with Zn to be a promising way to reach the goal of realizing ferromagnetic Ga{sub 1?x}Mn{sub x}As nanowires for future nanospintronics.

Paschoal, W.; Kumar, Sandeep; Jain, V.; Pettersson, H., E-mail: hakan.pettersson@hh.se [Solid State Physics/The Nanometer Structure Consortium, Lund University, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund (Sweden); Department of Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering, Halmstad University, Box 823, SE-301 18, Halmstad (Sweden); Jacobsson, D.; Samuelson, L. [Solid State Physics/The Nanometer Structure Consortium, Lund University, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund (Sweden); Johannes, A.; Ronning, C. [Institute for Solid State Physics, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, D-07743 Jena (Germany); Canali, C. M.; Pertsova, A. [Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering, Linneaus University, SE-39233 Kalmar (Sweden); Dick, K. A. [Solid State Physics/The Nanometer Structure Consortium, Lund University, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund (Sweden); Center for Analysis and Synthesis, Lund University, Box 124, S-221 00 Lund (Sweden)

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

372

Carbon/lambda-MnO{sub 2} composites for supercapacitor electrodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the present work a composite of carbon with lambda-MnO{sub 2} have been synthesized by a simple two-step route. In the first step, to obtain LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}/carbon material, mesoporous activated carbon was impregnated with the solution of precursor metal salts and heated subsequently. As-prepared materials were acid treated which resulted in the formation of lambda-MnO{sub 2}/carbon. Physical properties, structure and specific surface area of electrode materials were studied by TEM, X-ray diffraction and nitrogen sorption measurements. Voltammetry cycling, galvanostatic charge/discharge and impedance spectroscopy measurements performed in two- and three-electrode cells have been applied in order to measure electrochemical parameters. TEM images confirmed well dispersed lambda-MnO{sub 2} particles on the surface of carbon material. The carbon in the composite plays an important role as the surface area enhancing component and a support of pseudocapacitive material. Furthermore, the through-connected porosity serves as a continuous pathway for electrolyte transport. A synergetic effect of the porous carbon framework and of the redox properties of the lambda-MnO{sub 2} is at the origin of improvement of specific capacitance values which has been observed for composites after delithiation. - Comparison of capacitance characteristics for initial carbon and synthesised composites for CB in 1 mol L{sup -1} Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} solution.

Malak-Polaczyk, A., E-mail: agnieszka-malak@wp.p [Institute of Chemistry and Technical Electrochemistry, Poznan University of Technology, Piotrowo 3, 60-695 Poznan (Poland); Institut de Sciences des Materiaux de Mulhouse, CNRS LRC 7228, 15 Rue Starcky, 68057 Mulhouse (France); Matei-Ghimbeu, C.; Vix-Guterl, C. [Institut de Sciences des Materiaux de Mulhouse, CNRS LRC 7228, 15 Rue Starcky, 68057 Mulhouse (France); Frackowiak, E. [Institute of Chemistry and Technical Electrochemistry, Poznan University of Technology, Piotrowo 3, 60-695 Poznan (Poland)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

Unique light-induced degradation in yellow-emitting K{sub 2}SiF{sub 6}:Mn{sup 2+} phosphor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photo-induced luminescence intensity degradation in yellow-emitting K{sub 2}SiF{sub 6}:Mn{sup 2+} phosphor is studied using x-ray diffraction measurement, photoluminescence (PL) analysis, PL excitation (PLE) spectroscopy, PL decay analysis, and electron spin resonance (ESR) measurement. The yellow-emitting K{sub 2}SiF{sub 6}:Mn{sup 2+} phosphor exhibits remarkable degradation in the PL intensity under Xe lamp exposure. Coherent laser irradiation also induces degradation and its degree is in the order of HeCd (??=?325?nm)?>?Ar{sup +} (488?nm)?>?HeNe laser (632.8?nm). The degradation mechanism is proposed to be due to change in the valence state of manganese ions from Mn{sup 2+} to Mn{sup 3+} by the photooxidation (Mn{sup 2+} ? Mn{sup 3+}) or disproportionation reaction (2Mn{sup 2+} ? Mn{sup +} + Mn{sup 3+}). The ESR measurement confirms the decreased Mn{sup 2+} spin density in the sample exposed with Xe lamp. The PLE spectrum suggests that the excitation of Mn{sup 3+} ions occurs through energy transfer upon absorption of exciting radiation by the Mn{sup 2+} ions. Thermal annealing of the degraded samples at ?200?C causes a blueshift in the PL emission band with an appearance of the Mn{sup 4+}-related sharp red emission lines.

Oyama, Takuya; Adachi, Sadao, E-mail: adachi@el.gunma-u.ac.jp [Division of Electronics and Informatics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Gunma University, Kiryu-shi, Gunma 376-8515 (Japan)

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

374

Grand Challenges for Biological and Environmental Research: A Long-Term Vision  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The interactions and feedbacks among plants, animals, microbes, humans, and the environment ultimately form the world in which we live. This world is now facing challenges from a growing and increasingly affluent human population whose numbers and lifestyles are driving ever greater energy demand and impacting climate. These and other contributing factors will make energy and climate sustainability extremely difficult to achieve over the 20-year time horizon that is the focus of this report. Despite these severe challenges, there is optimism that deeper understanding of our environment will enable us to mitigate detrimental effects, while also harnessing biological and climate systems to ensure a sustainable energy future. This effort is advanced by scientific inquiries in the fields of atmospheric chemistry and physics, biology, ecology, and subsurface science - all made possible by computing. The Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) within the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science has a long history of bringing together researchers from different disciplines to address critical national needs in determining the biological and environmental impacts of energy production and use, characterizing the interplay of climate and energy, and collaborating with other agencies and DOE programs to improve the world's most powerful climate models. BER science focuses on three distinct areas: (1) What are the roles of Earth system components (atmosphere, land, oceans, sea ice, and the biosphere) in determining climate? (2) How is the information stored in a genome translated into microbial, plant, and ecosystem processes that influence biofuel production, climate feedbacks, and the natural cycling of carbon? (3) What are the biological, geochemical, and physical forces that govern the behavior of Earth's subsurface environment? Ultimately, the goal of BER science is to support experimentation and modeling that can reliably predict the outcomes and behaviors of complex biological and environmental systems, leading to robust solutions for DOE missions and strategic goals. In March 2010, the Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee held the Grand Challenges for Biological and Environmental Research: A Long-Term Vision workshop to identify scientific opportunities and grand challenges for BER science in the coming decades and to develop an overall strategy for drafting a long-term vision for BER. Key workshop goals included: (1) Identifying the greatest scientific challenges in biology, climate, and the environment that DOE will face over a 20-year time horizon. (2) Describing how BER should be positioned to address those challenges. (3) Determining the new and innovative tools needed to advance BER science. (4) Suggesting how the workforce of the future should be trained in integrative system science. This report lays out grand research challenges for BER - in biological systems, climate, energy sustainability, computing, and education and workforce training - that can put society on a path to achieve the scientific evidence and predictive understanding needed to inform decision making and planning to address future energy needs, climate change, water availability, and land use.

Arkin, A.; Baliga, N.; Braam, J.; Church, G.; Collins, J; Cottingham, R.; Ecker, J.; Gerstein, M.; Gilna, P.; Greenberg, J.; Handelsman, J.; Hubbard, S.; Joachimiak, A.; Liao, J.; Looger, L.; Meyerowitz, E.; Mjolness, E.; Petsko, G.; Sayler, G.; Simpson, M.; Stacey, G.; Sussman, M.; Tiedje, J.; Bader, D.; Cessi, P.; Collins, W.; Denning, S.; Dickinson, R.; Easterling, D.; Edmonds, J.; Feddema, J.; Field, C.; Fridlind, A.; Fung, I.; Held, I.; Jackson, R.; Janetos, A.; Large, W.; Leinen, M.; Leung, R.; Long, S.; Mace, G.; Masiello, C.; Meehl, G.; Ort, D.; Otto-Bliesner, B.; Penner, J.; Prather, M.; Randall, D.; Rasch, P.; Schneider, E.; Shugart, H.; Thornton, P.; Washington, W.; Wildung, R.; Wiscombe, W.; Zak, D.; Zhang, M.; Bielicki, J.; Buford, M.; Cleland, E.; Dale, V.; Duke, C.; Ehleringer, J.; Hecht, A.; Kammen, D.; Marland, G.; Pataki, D.; Riley, M. Robertson, P.; Hubbard, S.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Anomalously large spin susceptibility enhancement in n-doped CdMnTe quantum wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on time-resolved Kerr rotation (TRKR) experiments done on n-doped CdMnTe quantum wells (QWs), in the regime where strong coupling between the electron and the Mn spin-flip excitations shows up. It has been proposed previously to deduce the 2D electron gas spin susceptibility from the coupling energy between these spin excitations. Here we measure the coupling energy on a high mobility sample down to very low excitation density, and compare the results with spin-flip Raman scattering (SFRS) on the same sample. The electron spin polarizations measured by TRKR and SFRS are found in relatively good agreement. However the spin susceptibility measured by TRKR exceeds systematically the values predicted by many-body theory. This could be an indication that the two-oscillator model used to describe mixed electron-Mn spin excitations needs to be improved.

Ben Cheikh, Z. [Laboratoire Charles Coulomb, UMR 5221, Dpartement Semi-conducteurs, Matriaux et Capteurs, Universit Montpellier 2, France and Laboratoire de Physique des Matriaux: Structures et Proprits, Facult (Tunisia); Cronenberger, S.; Vladimirova, M.; Scalbert, D. [Laboratoire Charles Coulomb, UMR 5221, Departement Semi-conducteurs, Materiaux et Capteurs, Universite Montpellier 2 (France); Boujdaria, K. [Laboratoire de Physique des Matriaux: Structures et Proprits, Facult des Sciences de Bizerte, Universit de Carthage, 7021 Zarzouna (Tunisia); Baboux, F.; Perez, F. [Institut des NanoSciences de Paris, CNRS/Universit Paris 6, 4 place Jussieu, F-75005 Paris (France); Wojtowicz, T.; Karczewski, G. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

376

In-situ spectro-microscopy on organic films: Mn-Phthalocyanine on Ag(100)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metal phthalocyanines are attracting significant attention, owing to their potential for applications in chemical sensors, solar cells and organic magnets. As the electronic properties of molecular films are determined by their crystallinity and molecular packing, the optimization of film quality is important for improving the performance of organic devices. Here, we present the results of in situ low-energy electron microscopy / photoemission electron microscopy (LEEM/PEEM) studies of incorporation-limited growth [1] of manganese-phthalocyanine (MnPc) on Ag(100) surfaces. MnPc thin films were grown on both, bulk Ag(100) surface and thin Ag(100)/Fe(100) films, where substrate spin-polarized electronic states can be modified through tuning the thickness of the Ag film [2]. We also discuss the electronic structure and magnetic ordering in MnPc thin films, investigated by angle- and spin-resolved photoemission spectroscopy.

Al-Mahboob A.; Vescovo, E.; Sadowski, J.T.

2013-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

377

The resistance to cavitation erosion of CrMnN stainless steels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The resistance to cavitation erosion (CE) was measured using a magnetostrictive device and a rotating disk device for some CrMnN stainless steels (Chinese patent ZL 90 1 02197.0). The microstructural changes in the surface layer before and after CE were analyzed by use of Mossbauer spectra. Results show that the resistance to CE of duplex austenitic-martensitic CrMnN stainless steels is much better than that of ZG0Cr13Ni4-6Mo and ZG0Cr16Ni5Mo steel, which are in common use for hydraulic turbine runners. The metastable austenite and its changes in the process of CE are the key factors why the CrMnN stainless steels have excellent resistance to cavitation erosion.

Fu, W.T. [Yanshan Univ., Qinhuangdao (China). Dept. of Materials Engineering] [Yanshan Univ., Qinhuangdao (China). Dept. of Materials Engineering; [Harbin Inst. of Tech. (China); Jing, T.F.; Zheng, Y.Z. [Yanshan Univ., Qinhuangdao (China). Dept. of Materials Engineering] [Yanshan Univ., Qinhuangdao (China). Dept. of Materials Engineering; Yang, Y.B. [Yanshan Univ., Qinhuangdao (China). Dept. of Materials Engineering] [Yanshan Univ., Qinhuangdao (China). Dept. of Materials Engineering; [Bohai Aluminum Industries Co., Ltd., Qinhuangdao (China); Yao, M. [Harbin Inst. of Tech. (China)] [Harbin Inst. of Tech. (China)

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Ferromagnetism and the electronic band structure in (Ga,Mn)(Bi,As) epitaxial layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Impact of Bi incorporation into (Ga,Mn)As layers on their electronic- and band-structures as well as their magnetic and structural properties has been studied. Homogenous (Ga,Mn)(Bi,As) layers of high structural perfection have been grown by the low-temperature molecular-beam epitaxy technique. Post-growth annealing treatment of the layers results in an improvement of their structural and magnetic properties and an increase in the hole concentration in the layers. The modulation photoreflectance spectroscopy results are consistent with the valence-band model of hole-mediated ferromagnetism in the layers. This material combines the properties of (Ga,Mn)As and Ga(Bi,As) ternary compounds and offers the possibility of tuning its electrical and magnetic properties by controlling the alloy composition.

Yastrubchak, O., E-mail: yastrub@hektor.umcs.lublin.pl [Institute of Physics, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin, Pl. M. Curie-Sk?odowskiej 1, 20-031 Lublin (Poland); Institute of Semiconductor Physics, National Academy of Sciences, 41 pr. Nauki, 03028 Kyiv (Ukraine); Sadowski, J. [MAX-IV Laboratory, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund (Sweden); Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Gluba, L.; ?uk, J.; Kulik, M. [Institute of Physics, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin, Pl. M. Curie-Sk?odowskiej 1, 20-031 Lublin (Poland); Domagala, J. Z.; Andrearczyk, T.; Wosinski, T. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Rawski, M. [Analytical Laboratory, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin, Pl. M. Curie-Sk?odowskiej 3, 20-031 Lublin (Poland)

2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

379

Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2000 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, commonly known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial fish assemblages and native fish in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (blocked area). The three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the blocked area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information housed in a central location will allow managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP (NWPPC program measure 10.8B.26) is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the blocked area and the Columbia Basin blocked area management plan (1998). The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of blocked area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the blocked area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. The use of common collection and analytical tools is essential to the process of streamlining joint management decisions. In 1999 and 2000 the project began to address some of the identified data gaps, throughout the blocked area, with a variety of newly developed sampling projects, as well as, continuing with ongoing data collection of established projects.

Crossley, Brian (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Department of Natural Resources, Wellpinit, WA); Lockwood, Jr., Neil W. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Spokane, WA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Shell Model for Atomistic Simulation of Lithium Diffusion in Mixed Mn/Ti Oxides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mixed Mn/Ti oxides present attractive physicochemical properties such as their ability to accommodate Li for application in Li-ion batteries. In this work, atomic parameters for Mn were developed to extend an existing shell model of the Li-Ti-O system and allow simulations of pure and lithiated Mn and mixed Mn/Ti oxide polymorphs. The shell model yielded good agreement with experimentally-derived structures (i.e. lattice parameters and inter-atomic distances) and represented an improvement over existing potential models. The shell model was employed in molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of Li diffusion in the 11 c direction channels of LixMn1 yTiyO2 with the rutile structure, where 0 ? x ? 0.25 and 0 ? y ? 1. In the infinite dilution limit, the arrangement of Mn and Ti ions in the lattice was found to have a significant effect on the activation energy for Li diffusion in the c channels due to the destabilization of half of the interstitial octahedral sites. Anomalous diffusion was demonstrated for Li concentrations as low as x = 0.125, with a single Li ion positioned in every other c channel. Further increase in Li concentration showed not only the substantial effect of Li-Li repulsive interactions on Li mobility but also their influence on the time dependence of Li diffusion. The results of the MD simulations can inform intrinsic structure-property relationships for the rational design of improved electrode materials for Li-ion batteries.

Kerisit, Sebastien N.; Chaka, Anne M.; Droubay, Timothy C.; Ilton, Eugene S.

2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Oxygen Atom Transfer and Oxidative Water Incorporation in Cuboidal Mn3MOn Complexes Based on Synthetic, Isotopic Labeling,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is performed by the oxygen-evolving center (OEC) of photo- system II (PSII).2 The OEC consists of a Mn4Ca, United States *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: The oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) of photo- system IIOxygen Atom Transfer and Oxidative Water Incorporation in Cuboidal Mn3MOn Complexes Based

Goddard III, William A.

382

First-principles study of magnetism in spinel MnO2 Dane Morgan and Billie Wang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First-principles study of magnetism in spinel MnO2 Dane Morgan and Billie Wang Department to calculate the ground state, transition tem- perature, and thermodynamic properties of magnetic excitations in spinel MnO2 . The magnetic interactions are mapped onto a Heisenberg model whose exchange interactions

Ceder, Gerbrand

383

Zn Sorption Mechanisms onto Sheathed Leptothrix Discophora and the Impact of the Nanoparticulate Biogenic Mn Oxide Coating  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Zinc sorption on sheathed Leptothrix discophora bacterium, the isolated extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) sheath, and Mn oxide-coated bacteria was investigated with macroscopic and spectroscopic techniques. Complexation with L. discophora was dominated by the outer membrane phosphoryl groups of the phospholipid bilayer while sorption to isolated EPS was dominated by carboxyl groups. Precipitation of nanoparticulate Mn oxide coatings on the cell surface increased site capacity by over twenty times with significant increase in metal sorption. XAS analysis of Zn sorption in the coated system showed Mn oxide phase contributions of 18 to 43% through mononuclear inner-sphere complexes. The coordination environments in coprecipitation samples were identical to those of sorption samples, indicating that, even in coprecipitation, Zn is not incorporated into the Mn oxide structure. Rather, through enzymatic oxidation by L. discophora, Mn(II) is oxidized and precipitated onto the biofilm providing a large surface for metal sequestration. The nanoparticulate Mn oxide coating exhibited significant microporosity (75%) suggesting contributions from intraparticle diffusion. Transient studies conducted over 7 months revealed a 170% increase in Zn loading. However, the intraparticle diffusivity of 10{sup -19} cm{sup 2} s{sup -1} is two orders of magnitude smaller than that for abiotic Mn oxide which we attribute to morphological changes such as reduced pore sizes in the nanoparticulate oxide. Our results demonstrate that the cell-bound Mn oxide particles can sorb significant amounts of Zn over long periods of time representing an important surface for sequestration of metal contaminants.

Boonfueng, T.; Axe, L; Yee, N; Hahn, D; Ndiba, P

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Determination of Mn valence states in mixed-valent manganates by XANES spectroscopy AlAin MAnceAu,1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cedex 9, France 2 Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road and phyllomanganates with no or little Mn3+ in the MnO2 layer exhibit intensi- ties, shapes, and relative energy catalysis, hazardous waste remediation, and rechargeable battery technology (Thackeray 1997; Toupin et al

385

MnO spin-wave dispersion curves from neutron powder diffraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a model-independent approach for the extraction of spin-wave dispersion curves from powder neutron total scattering data. Our approach is based on a statistical analysis of real-space spin configurations to calculate spin-dynamical quantities. The RMCPROFILE implementation of the reverse Monte Carlo refinement process is used to generate a large ensemble of supercell spin configurations from MnO powder diffraction data collected at 100 K. Our analysis of these configurations gives spin-wave dispersion curves for MnO that agree well with those determined independently using neutron triple-axis spectroscopic techniques.

Goodwin, Andrew L.; Dove, Martin T. [Department of Earth Sciences, Cambridge University, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EQ (United Kingdom); Tucker, Matthew G. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Keen, David A. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Department of Physics, Oxford University, Clarendon Laboratory, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom)

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

386

A study of magnetic anisotropy energy in CuMn spin glass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A STUDY OF MAGNETIC ANISOTROPY ENERGY IN CuMn SPIN GLASS A Thesis by CHRISTINE ADELE ALLEN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1986... Major Subject: Physics A STUDY OF MAGNETIC ANISOTROPY ENERGY IN CuMn SPIN GLASS A Thesis by CHRISTINE ADELE ALLEN Approved as to style and content by: Thomas W. Adair, III (Chai man of Committee) Robert A. enefick (Member) Donald L. Parker...

Allen, Christine Adele

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Thickness dependent exchange bias in martensitic epitaxial Ni-Mn-Sn thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thickness dependent exchange bias in the low temperature martensitic state of epitaxial Ni-Mn-Sn thin films is found. The effect can be retained down to very small thicknesses. For a Ni{sub 50}Mn{sub 32}Sn{sub 18} thin film, which does not undergo a martensitic transformation, no exchange bias is observed. Our results suggest that a significant interplay between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic regions, which is the origin for exchange bias, is only present in the martensite. The finding is supported by ab initio calculations showing that the antiferromagnetic order is stabilized in the phase.

Behler, Anna [IFW Dresden, Institute for Complex Materials, P.O. Box 27 01 16, 01171 Dresden (Germany) [IFW Dresden, Institute for Complex Materials, P.O. Box 27 01 16, 01171 Dresden (Germany); Department of Physics, Institute for Solid State Physics, Dresden University of Technology, 01062 Dresden (Germany); Teichert, Niclas; Auge, Alexander; Htten, Andreas [Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, 33501 Bielefeld (Germany)] [Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, 33501 Bielefeld (Germany); Dutta, Biswanath; Hickel, Tilmann [Max-Planck Institut fr Eisenforschung, 40237 Dsseldorf (Germany)] [Max-Planck Institut fr Eisenforschung, 40237 Dsseldorf (Germany); Waske, Anja [IFW Dresden, Institute for Complex Materials, P.O. Box 27 01 16, 01171 Dresden (Germany)] [IFW Dresden, Institute for Complex Materials, P.O. Box 27 01 16, 01171 Dresden (Germany); Eckert, Jrgen [IFW Dresden, Institute for Complex Materials, P.O. Box 27 01 16, 01171 Dresden (Germany) [IFW Dresden, Institute for Complex Materials, P.O. Box 27 01 16, 01171 Dresden (Germany); Institute of Materials Science, Dresden University of Technology, 01062 Dresden (Germany)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

388

Quantum Critical Transition Amplifies Magnetoelastic Coupling in Mn[N(CN)2]2  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We report the discovery of a magnetic quantum critical transition in Mn[N(CN)2]2 that drives the system from a canted antiferromagnetic state to the fully polarized state with amplified magnetoelastic coupling as an intrinsic part of the process. The local lattice distortions, revealed through systematic phonon frequency shifts, suggest a combined MnN6 octahedra distortion+counterrotation mechanism that reduces antiferromagnetic interactions and acts to accommodate the field-induced state. These findings deepen our understanding of magnetoelastic coupling near a magnetic quantum critical point and away from the static limit.

Brinzari, T. V.; Chen, P.; Sun, Q.-C.; Liu, J.; Tung, L.-C.; Wang, Y.; Schlueter, J. A.; Singleton, J.; Manson, J. L.; Whangbo, M.-H.; Litvinchuk, A. P.; Musfeldt, J. L.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Growth of single-crystal {alpha}-MnO{sub 2} nanorods on multi-walled carbon nanotubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single-crystal {alpha}-MnO{sub 2} nanorods were grown on multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) in H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} aqueous solution. The morphology and microstructure of the composites were examined by transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray diffractometry and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The results show that {alpha}-MnO{sub 2} single-crystal nanorods with a mean diameter of 15 nm were densely grown on the surface of MWNTs. Those MWNTs/MnO{sub 2} composites were used as an electrode material for supercapacitors, and it was found that the supercapacitor performance using MWNTs/MnO{sub 2} composites was improved largely compared to that using pure MWNTs and {alpha}-MnO{sub 2} nanorod mechanically mixed with MWNTs.

Chen Yong [Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China); Key Laboratory of Tropic Biological Resources, MOE, Hainan University, 58 Renmin Road, Haikou 570228 (China); Liu Chenguang; Liu Chang [Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China); Lu Gaoqing [ARC Centre for Functional Nanomaterials, Australian Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, University of Queensland, QLD 4072 (Australia); Cheng Huiming [Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China)], E-mail: cheng@imr.ac.cn

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

390

Effect of Ti doping on high pressure behavior of BiMn{sub 2}O{sub 5}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our high pressure x-ray diffraction studies on BiMn{sub 1.5}Ti{sub 0.5}O{sub 5} show iso-structural phase transition above 12 GPa similar to the one observed in undoped BiMn{sub 2}O{sub 5}; however anisotropic compressional behavior is found to be more enhanced in the doped case. Unlike undoped system, an anomalous lattice expansion along c axis has been observed in BiMn{sub 1.5}Ti{sub 0.5}O{sub 5} above 12 GPa; whereas the b lattice parameter has been found to be more compressible as compared to BiMn{sub 2}O{sub 5}. As doping with Ti reduces the magnetic interactions among Mn ions, the observed changes are suggestive of having adverse magnetic implications in the observed iso-structural phase transition.

Pandey, K. K., E-mail: kkpandey@barc.gov.in; Poswal, H. K., E-mail: kkpandey@barc.gov.in; Sharma, Surinder M. [High Pressure and Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 40008 (India); Kumar, Ravi [Centre for Materials Science and Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur-177005 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

391

Occurrence of high-speed solar wind streams over the Grand Modern Maximum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the declining phase of the solar cycle, when the new-polarity fields of the solar poles are strengthened by the transport of same-signed magnetic flux from lower latitudes, the polar coronal holes expand and form non-axisymmetric extensions toward the solar equator. These extensions enhance the occurrence of high-speed solar wind streams (HSS) and related co-rotating interaction regions in the low-latitude heliosphere, and cause moderate, recurrent geomagnetic activity in the near-Earth space. Here, using a novel definition of geomagnetic activity at high (polar cap) latitudes and the longest record of magnetic observations at a polar cap station, we calculate the annually averaged solar wind speeds as proxies for the effective annual occurrence of HSS over the whole Grand Modern Maximum (GMM) from 1920s onwards. We find that a period of high annual speeds (frequent occurrence of HSS) occurs in the declining phase of each solar cycle 16-23. For most cycles the HSS activity clearly maximizes during one year...

Mursula, Kalevi; Holappa, Lauri

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Long-term surveillance plan for the Cheney disposal site near Grand Junction, Colorado  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This long-term surveillance plan (LTSP) describes the U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE) long-term care program for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Cheney disposal site. The site is in Mesa County near Grand Junction, Colorado. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has developed regulations for the issuance of a general license for the custody and long-term care of UMTRA Project disposal sites in 10 CFR Part 40. The purpose of this general license is to ensure that the UMTRA Project disposal sites are cared for in a manner that protects public health and safety and the environment. Before each disposal site may be licensed, the NRC requires the DOE to submit a site-specific LTSP. The DOE prepared this LTSP to meet this requirement for the Cheney disposal site. The general license becomes effective when the NRC concurs with the DOE`s determination that remedial action is complete and the NRC formally accepts this plan. This document describes the long-term surveillance program the DOE will implement to ensure that the Cheney disposal site performs as designed. The program is based on site inspections to identify potential threats to disposal cell integrity. The LTSP is based on the UMTRA Project long-term surveillance program guidance and meets the requirements of 10 CFR {section}40.27(b) and 40 CFR {section}192.03.

NONE

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Wildlife Protection, Mitigation and Enhancement Planning for Grand Coulee Dam, Final Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development and operation of Grand Coulee Dam inundated approximately 70,000 acres of wildlife habitat under the jurisdictions of the Colville Confederated Tribes, the Spokane Tribe, and the State of Washington. Under the provisions of the Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act of 1980, this study reviews losses to wildlife and habitat, and proposes mitigation for those losses. Wildlife loss estimates were developed from information available in the literature. Habitat losses and potential habitat gains through mitigation were estimated by a modified Habitat Evaluation Procedure. The mitigation plan proposes (1) acquisition of sufficient land or management rights to land to protect Habitat Units equivalent to those lost (approximately 73,000 acres of land would be required), (2) improvement and management of those lands to obtain and perpetuate target Habitat Units, and (3) protection and enhancement of suitable habitat for bald eagles. Mitigation is presented as four actions to be implemented over a 10-year period. A monitoring program is proposed to monitor mitigation success in terms of Habitat Units and wildlife population trends.

Creveling, Jennifer

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Light colored scalars from grand unification and the forward-backward asymmetry in tt production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The experimental results on the tt production cross section at the Tevatron are well described by the QCD contributions within the standard model, while the recently measured forward-backward asymmetry is larger than predicted within this framework. We consider light colored scalars appearing in a particular SU(5) grand unified theory model within the 45-dimensional Higgs representation. A virtue of the model is that it connects the presence of a light colored SU(2) singlet ({Delta}{sub 6}) and a color octet weak doublet ({Delta}{sub 1}) with bounds on the proton lifetime, which constrain the parameter space of both scalars. We find that both the total tt production cross section and the forward-backward asymmetry can be accommodated simultaneously within this model. The experimental results prefer a region for the mass of {Delta}{sub 6} around 400 GeV, while {Delta}{sub 1} is then constrained to have a mass around the TeV scale as well. We analyze possible experimental signatures and find that {Delta}{sub 6} associated top production could be probed in the tt+jets final states at Tevatron and the LHC.

Dorsner, Ilja [Department of Physics, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja do Bosne 33-35, 71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Fajfer, Svjetlana [Department of Physics, University of Ljubljana, Jadranska 19, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, P. O. Box 3000, 1001 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Kamenik, Jernej F.; Kosnik, Nejc [Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, P. O. Box 3000, 1001 Ljubljana (Slovenia)

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Grand Junction Projects Office Remedial Action Project Building 2 public dose evaluation. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Building 2 on the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO) site, which is operated by Rust Geotech, is part of the GJPO Remedial Action Program. This report describes measurements and modeling efforts to evaluate the radiation dose to members of the public who might someday occupy or tear down Building 2. The assessment of future doses to those occupying or demolishing Building 2 is based on assumptions about future uses of the building, measured data when available, and predictive modeling when necessary. Future use of the building is likely to be as an office facility. The DOE sponsored program, RESRAD-BUILD, Version. 1.5 was chosen for the modeling tool. Releasing the building for unrestricted use instead of demolishing it now could save a substantial amount of money compared with the baseline cost estimate because the site telecommunications system, housed in Building 2, would not be disabled and replaced. The information developed in this analysis may be used as part of an as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) cost/benefit determination regarding disposition of Building 2.

Morris, R.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Assessing the local wind field at Sierra Grande Mountain in New Mexico with instrumentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Six systems were installed on top of Sierra Grande, a nearly symmetrical mountain in New Mexico about halfway between Raton and Clayton, with a peak of 2659 m (8720 ft msl) standing over a wide mesa of approximately 1829 m (6000 ft msl). Two systems were on the peak, one at 10 m (33 ft) above the surface and the other at 20 m (66 ft) because the peak is often the most probable spot for the greatest wind energy. The two levels were needed to measure variations of speed with height. Four other systems with instruments at 10-m (33 ft) were located roughly north, east, south, and west from the center on secondary ridge lines to measure certain horizontal variations of the wind. The wind direction and speed were measured every 6 minutes, a time interval considerably shorter than the traditional 1 hour but long enough so that all WECS power outputs are expected to respond to these wind speed variations. All six systems were operated for a period of six months between 6 June 1979-5 December 1979.

Barnett, K.M.; Reynolds, R.D.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Measurements of air contaminants during the Cerro Grande fire at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ambient air sampling for radioactive air contaminants was continued throughout the Cerro Grande fire that burned part of Los Alamos National Laboratory. During the fire, samples were collected more frequently than normal because buildup of smoke particles on the filters was decreasing the air flow. Overall, actual sampling time was 96% of the total possible sampling time for the May 2000 samples. To evaluate potential human exposure to air contaminants, the samples were analyzed as soon as possible and for additional specific radionuclides. Analyses showed that the smoke from the fire included resuspended radon decay products that had been accumulating for many years on the vegetation and the forest floor that burned. Concentrations of plutonium, americium, and depleted uranium were also measurable, but at locations and concentrations comparable to non-fire periods. A continuous particulate matter sampler measured concentrations that exceeded the National Ambient Air Quality Standard for PM-10 (particles less than 10 micrometers in diameter). These high concentrations were caused by smoke from the fire when it was close to the sampler.

Eberhart, Craig

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Redox Exchange Induced MnO2 Nanoparticle Enrichment in Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) Nanowires for Electrochemical Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

MnO{sub 2} nanoparticle enriched poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) nanowires are fabricated by simply soaking the PEDOT nanowires in potassium permanganate (KMnO{sub 4}) solution. The structures of these MnO{sub 2} nanoparticle enriched PEDOT nanowires are characterized by SEM and TEM, which show that the MnO{sub 2} nanoparticles have uniform sizes and are finely dispersed in the PEDOT matrix. The chemical constituents and bonding of these composite nanowires are characterized by energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and infrared spectroscopy, which indicate that the formation and dispersion of these MnO{sub 2} nanoparticles into the nanoscale pores of the PEDOT nanowires are most likely triggered by the reduction of KMnO{sub 4} via the redox exchange of permanganate ions with the functional group on PEDOT. Varying the concentrations of KMnO{sub 4} and the reaction time controls the loading amount and size of the MnO{sub 2} nanoparticles. Cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge?discharge are used to characterize the electrochemical properties of these MnO{sub 2} nanoparticle loaded PEDOT nanowires. Due to their extremely high exposed surface area with nanosizes, the pristine MnO{sub 2} nanoparticles in these MnO{sub 2} nanoparticle enriched PEDOT nanowires show very high specific capacitance (410 F/g) as the supercapacitor electrode materials as well as high Li+ storage capacity (300 mAh/g) as cathode materials of Li ion battery, which boost the energy storage capacity of PEDOT nanowires to 4 times without causing excessive volume expansion in the polymer. The highly conductive and porous PEDOT matrix facilitates fast charge/discharge of the MnO{sub 2} nanoparticles and prevents them from agglomerating. These synergic properties enable the MnO{sub 2} nanoparticle enriched PEDOT nanowires to be promising electrode materials for supercapacitors and lithium ion batteries.

Liu, R; Duay, Jonathon; Lee, Sang Bok

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Local Agency Project Manager Checklist The steps below follow those outlined in the Mn/DOT Utility Manual. A PDF of the manual  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Form Contact utility owners Utility Contact List available at http://www.dot.state.mn.us/utility/files/pdf/contacts/contact-utilityLocal Agency Project Manager Checklist The steps below follow those outlined in the Mn/DOT Utility Manual. A PDF of the manual and supporting documents are available at: http://www.dot.state.mn.us/utility

Minnesota, University of

400

Evaluation of Canal Lining Projects in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas: 2011 Ratings and Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IN THE LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY OF TEXAS 2011 Ratings and Analysis October 7, 2011 By Gabriele Bonaiti Extension Associate Askar Karimov Extension Associate Guy Fipps, P.E. Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineer... Texas AgriLife Extension Service Irrigation Technology Center Biological and Agricultural Engineering 2117 TAMU College Station, TX 77843?2117 979?845?3977; http://idea.tamu.edu - 3 - EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Since 1999, nine (9) irrigation...

Bonaiti, Gabriele; Karimov, Askar; Fipps, Guy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

EA-1679: Grand Coulee's Third Powerplant 500-kV Transmission Line Replacement Project, Grant and Okanogon Counties, Washington  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates potential environmental impacts from the construction and operation of six new 500-kV overhead transmission lines to replace six existing underground lines at Grand Coulee Dam. DOEs Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), a cooperating agency, was asked by the U. S. Department of the Interiors Bureau of Reclamation to design and construct the proposed new transmission lines. A Finding of No Significant Impact was issued by BPA in December 2011.

402

AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for the National Park Service: Grand Canyon National Park  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report focuses on the Grand Canyon National Park (GCNP) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of PEVs into the agencies fleets. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (collectively PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements.

Stephen Schey; Jim Francfort; Ian Nienhueser

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

The economic simulation of cotton gins in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas and Tamaulipas, Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, without their cooperation this study would have not been possible. Much appreciation must also go to the many people in the Rio Grande Valley and Mexico for their assistance in locating gin managers to serve as cooperators as well as for providing... percent Shaw (1984) used 3 years of annual audits from 77 cooperative gms m West Texas to statistically analyze the cost of ginnmg under different scenarios To allow for accountmg differences, standards were set for depreciation and interest cost...

White, Duboise

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Maps of zeroes of the grand canonical partition function in a statistical model of high energy collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theorems on zeroes of the truncated generating function in the complex plane are reviewed. When examined in the framework of a statistical model of high energy collisions based on the negative binomial (Pascal) multiplicity distribution, these results lead to maps of zeroes of the grand canonical partition function which allow to interpret in a novel way different classes of events in pp collisions at LHC c.m. energies.

M. Brambilla; A. Giovannini; R. Ugoccioni

2006-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

405

Final report of the decontamination and decommissioning of the exterior land areas at the Grand Junction Projects Office facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO) facility occupies approximately 56.4 acres (22.8 hectares) along the Gunnison River near Grand Junction, Colorado. The site was contaminated with uranium ore and mill tailings during uranium-refining activities conducted by the Manhattan Engineer District and during pilot-milling experiments conducted for the US Atomic Energy Commission`s (AEC`s) domestic uranium procurement program. The GJPO facility was the collection and assay point for AEC uranium and vanadium oxide purchases until the early 1970s. The DOE Decontamination and Decommissioning Program sponsored the Grand Junction Projects Office Remedial Action Project (GJPORAP) to remediate the facility lands, site improvements, and the underlying aquifer. The site contractor, Rust Geotech, was the Remedial Action Contractor for GJPORAP. The exterior land areas of the facility assessed as contaminated have been remediated in accordance with identified standards and can be released for unrestricted use. Restoration of the aquifer will be accomplished through the natural flushing action of the aquifer during the next 50 to 80 years. The remediation of the DOE-GJPO facility buildings is ongoing and will be described in a separate report.

Widdop, M.R.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Final report of the radiological release survey of Building 30B at the Grand Junction Office Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Office (GJO) occupies a 61.7-acre facility along the Gunnison River near Grand Junction, Colorado. This site was contaminated with uranium ore concentrates and mill tailings during vanadium refining activities of the Manhattan Engineer District, and during sampling, assaying, pilot milling, storage, and brokerage activities conducted for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission`s domestic uranium procurement program. The DOE Defense Decontamination and Decommissioning Program established the GJO Remedial Action Project (GJORAP) to clean up and restore the facility lands, improvements, and underlying aquifer. WASTREN-Grand Junction is the site contractor for the facility and the remedial action contractor for GJORAP. Building 30B and the underlying soil were found not to be radiologically contaminated; therefore, the building can be released for unrestricted use. Placards have been placed at the building entrances indicating the completion of the radiological release survey and prohibiting the introduction of any radioactive materials within the building without written approvals from the GJO Facilities Operations Manager. This document was prepared in response to a DOE-GJO request for an individual final release report for each GJO building.

Krauland, P.A.; Corle, S.G.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

U.S. Department of Energy Grand Junction Projects Office site environmental report for calendar year 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents information pertaining to environmental activities conducted during calendar year 1995 at the US Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO) facility in Grand Junction, Colorado. Environmental activities conducted at the GJPO facility during 1995 were associated with mixed-waste treatment, site remediation, off-site dose modeling, and radiological and nonradiological monitoring. As part of the GJPO Mixed-Waste Treatment Program, on-site treatability studies were conducted in 1995 that made use of pilot-scale evaporative-oxidation and thermal-desorption units and bench-scale stabilization. DOE-GJPO used some of its own mixed-waste as well as samples received from other DOE sites for these treatability studies. These studies are expected to conclude in 1996. Removal of radiologically contaminated materials from GJPO facility buildings was conducted under the provisions of the Grand Junction Projects Office Remedial Action Project. Remediation activities included the removal of 394 metric tons of contaminated material from Buildings 18 and 28 and revegetation activities on the GJPO site; remediation was conducted in compliance with applicable permits.

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Atomic and molecular adsorption on RhMn alloy surface: A first principles study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and hydrogen from reforming of natural gas and coal to hydro- carbon Fishcher-Tropsch synthesis and oxygenates- bon and partial oxidation of methane.15 The importance of Rh catalysts on catalytic reactions molecules in terms of the energetics and site preferences on Rh catalysts as well as the effects of Mn added

Li, Weixue

409

Crystallography of Interfaces and Grain Size Distributions in Sr-Doped LaMnO3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Crystallography of Interfaces and Grain Size Distributions in Sr-Doped LaMnO3 Qinyuan Liu,§ Sudip systems are similar. I. Introduction HIGH-TEMPERATURE solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) offer highly efficient, clean, direct conversion of chemical to electrical energy.1 SOFC performance is dictated

Rohrer, Gregory S.

410

Frustration and multiferroic behavior in Ca3CoMnO6  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lu{sub 2}MnCoO{sub 6} and Ca{sub 3}MnCoO{sub 6} satisfy one of the primary goals of multiferroics research, namely ferromagnetic-like magnetization coupled to ferroelectric-like polarization. Thus the mechanism for magnetoelectric coupling in these materials deserves careful study. New data shows that the physics of these compound may be related to the classic 'ANNNI' model. Frustration between ferromagnetic nearest-neighbor and antiferromagnetic next-nearest-neighbor interactions between Ising spins creates an 'up up down down' magnetic structure in zero magnetic field, along c-axis chains that consist of alternating Co and Mn ions. In applied magnetic fields 'up up down,' 'up up up down' and other metastable variations can evolve, yielding hysteretic ferromagnetic-like magnetization. The key is that the phase slips between regions of 'up' and 'down' carries an electric polarization due to broken spatial inversion symmetry. Thus these phase slips can be manipulated with both electric and magnetic fields. The result is a profusion of magnetic and electric states that are closely-spaced in temperature, electric, and magnetic field. We present experimental studies of the magnetic, electric, and structural properties of these two compounds. We include very new data up to 100 Ton Ca{sub 3}CoMnO{sub 6} that resolves a key controversy of over the magnetic structure and the size of the moments.

Zapf, Vivien [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Optical properties of metallic (III, Mn)V ferromagnetic semiconductors in the infrared to visible range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on a study of the ac conductivity and magneto-optical properties of metallic ferromagnetic (III, Mn)V semiconductors in the infrared to visible spectrum at zero temperature. Our analysis is based on the successful kinetic exchange model...

Hankiewicz, EM; Jungwirth, T.; Dietl, T.; Timm, C.; Sinova, Jairo.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Microscopic mechanism of the noncrystalline anisotropic magnetoresistance in (Ga,Mn)As  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Starting with a microscopic model based on the Kohn-Luttinger Hamiltonian and kinetic p-d exchange combined with Boltzmann formula for conductivity we identify the scattering from magnetic Mn combined with the strong spin-orbit interaction of the Ga...

Vyborny, Karel; Kucera, Jan; Sinova, Jairo; Rushforth, A. W.; Gallagher, B. L.; Jungwirth, T.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Synthesis and Characterization of NiMnGa Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloy Thin Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, it is very important to understand their behavior and examine their properties. This thesis is an effort to contribute to the literature of Ni-Mn-Ga thin films as ferromagnetic shape memory alloys. The focus of this project is to develop a recipe...

Jetta, Nishitha

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

414

Aliovalent titanium substitution in layered mixed Li Ni-Mn-Co oxides for lithium battery applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improved electrochemical characteristics are observed for Li[Ni1/3Co1/3-yMyMn1/3]O2 cathode materials when M=Ti and y<0.07, compared to the baseline material, with up to 15percent increased discharge capacity.

Kam, Kinson; Doeff, Marca M.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Giant magnetothermal conductivity in the NiMnIn ferromagnetic shape memory alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­10 It is well known that colossal magne- toresistance CMR in the Mn-based perovskites is closely related, this transition can be shifted to lower temperature and even totally suppressed by a magnetic field. The magnetic: 10.1063/1.2753710 Very recently, Kainuma et al. discovered magnetic-field- induced shape recovery

Zexian, Cao

416

Modified magnetic ground state in NiMn2O4 thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate the stabilization of a magnetic ground state in epitaxial NiMn2O4 (NMO) thin films not observed in their bulk counterpart. Bulk NMO exhibits a magnetic transition from a paramagnetic phase to a collinear ferrimagnetic moment configuration below 110 K and to a canted moment configuration below 70 K. By contrast, as-grown NMO films exhibit a single magnetic transition at 60 K and annealed films exhibit the magnetic behavior found in bulk. Cation inversion and epitaxial strain are ruled out as possible causes for the new magnetic ground state in the as-grown films. However, a decrease in the octahedral Mn{sup 4+}:Mn{sup 3+} concentration is observed and likely disrupts the double exchange that produces the magnetic state at intermediate temperatures. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and bulk magnetometry indicate a canted ferrimagnetic state in all samples at low temperature. Together these results suggest that the collinear ferrimagnetic state observed in bulk NMO at intermediate temperatures is suppressed in the as grown NMO thin films due to a decrease in octahedral Mn{sup 4+} while the canted moment ferrimagnetic ordering is preserved below 60 K.

Nelson-Cheeseman, B. B.; Chopdekar, R. V.; Toney, M. F.; Arenholz, E.; Suzuki, Y.; Iwata, J.M.

2010-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

417

Reduced-activation austenitic stainless steels: The Fe--Mn--Cr--C system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nickel-free manganese-stabilized steels are being developed for fusion-reactor applications. As the first part of this effort, the austenite-stable region in the Fe--Mn--Cr--C system was determined. Results indicated that the Schaeffler diagram developed for Fe--Ni--Cr--C alloys cannot be used to predict the constituents expected for high-manganese steels. This is true because manganese is not as strong an austenite stabilizer relative to delta-ferrite formation as predicted by the diagram, but it is a stronger austenite stabilizer relative to martensite than predicted. Therefore, the austenite-stable region for Ne--Mn--Cr--C alloys occurs at lower chromium and hugher combinations of manganese and carbon than predicted by the Schaeffler diagram. Development of a manganese-stabilized stainless steel should be possible in the composition range of 20 to 25% Mn, 10 to 15% Cr, and 0.01 to 0.25%C. Tensile behavior of an Fe--20%Mn--12%Cr--0.25%C alloy was determined. The strength and ductility of this possible base composition was comparable to type 316 stainless steel in both the solution-annealed and cold-worked condition.

Klueh, R.L.; Maziasz, P.J.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Electrodeposition of Mn-Co Alloys on Stainless Steels for SOFC Interconnect Application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chromium-containing ferritic stainless steels are the most popular materials for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) interconnect applications because of its oxidation resistance and easy fabrication process. However, excessive scale growth and chromium evaporation will degrade the cell performance. Highly conductive coatings that resist oxide scale growth and chromium evaporation may prevent both of these problems. Mn1.5Co1.5O4 spinel is one of the most promising coatings for interconnect application because of its high conducitivy, good chromium retention capability, as well as good CTE match. Electroplating of alloys or thin film multilayers followed by controlled oxidation to the desired spinel phase offers an additional deposition option. In the present study binary Mn/Co alloys was fabricated by electrodeposition, and polarization curves were used to characterize the cathodic reactions on substrate surface. By controlling the current density precisely, coatings with Mn/Co around 1:1 has been successfully deposited in Mn/Co =10 solutions, SEM and EDX was used to characterize the surface morphology and composition.

Wu, J. (West Virginia University); Jiang, Y. (West Virginia University); Johnson, C.; Gong, M. (West Virginia University); Liu, X. (West Virginia University)

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Electrical gating effects on the magnetic properties of (Ga,Mn)As diluted magnetic semiconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-effect transistor (FET) based on low-doped Ga0.975Mn0.025As was fabricated. It has an in-built n-GaAs back-gate, which, in addition to being a normal gate, enhances the gating effects, especially in the depletion of the epilayer, by decreasing the effective channel...

Owen, Man Hon Samuel

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

420

Chobert MN et al LIVER PRECURSOR CELLS INCREASE HEPATIC FIBROSIS INDUCED BY CHRONIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by chronic carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) administration for 6 weeks, in combination with chronic; CCl4, carbon tetrachloride; CK19, cytokeratin 19; CCR2, chemokine C-C motif receptor 2; EMTChobert MN et al LIVER PRECURSOR CELLS INCREASE HEPATIC FIBROSIS INDUCED BY CHRONIC CARBON

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A violet emission in ZnS:Mn,Eu: Luminescence and applications for radiation detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We prepared manganese and europium co-doped zinc sulfide (ZnS:Mn,Eu) phosphors and used them for radiation detection. In addition to the red fluorescence at 583?nm due to the d-d transition of Mn ions, an intense violet emission at 420?nm is newly observed in ZnS:Mn,Eu phosphors. The emission is related to Eu{sup 2+} doping but only appears at certain Eu{sup 2+} concentrations. It is found that the intensity of the 420?nm violet fluorescence is X-ray does-dependent, while the red fluorescence of 583?nm is not. The ratio of fluorescence intensities at 420?nm and 583?nm has been monitored as a function of X-ray doses that exposed upon the ZnS:Mn,Eu phosphors. Empirical formulas are provided to estimate the doses of applied X-ray irradiation. Finally, possible mechanisms of X-ray irradiation induced fluorescence quenching are discussed. The intense 420?nm emission not only provides a violet light for solid state lighting but also offers a very sensitive method for radiation detection.

Ma, Lun; Chen, Wei, E-mail: weichen@uta.edu [Department of Physics and the SAVANT Center, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0059 (United States); Jiang, Ke [Center for Biofrontiers Institute, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, 1420 Austin Bluffs Pkwy., Colorado Springs, Colorado 80918 (United States); Liu, Xiao-tang [Department of Physics and the SAVANT Center, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0059 (United States); Department of Applied Chemistry, College of Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642 (China)

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

422

A faunal survey and zoogeographic analysis of the Circulionoidea (Coleoptera) (excluding Anthribidae, Platypodinae, and Scolytinae) of the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Lower Rio Grande Valley belong in these genera. There are 22 undetermined and/or undescribed species recorded. Zoogeographic comparisons are made between the LRGV and Guatemala, North Dakota, Victoria County, San Patricio County, Big Bend National Park...

Carlow, Tami Anne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

423

P450 aromatase alterations and DNA damage as avian pollution biomarkers in cliff and cave swallow breeding near the Rio Grande region, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

populations lacking proper water and sewage infrastructure. Cliff (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) and cave (P. fulva) swallows breeding near the Rio Grande were selected to monitor aromatase activity alterations and DNA damage. Swallows were sampled at six sites...

Sitzlar, Megan Annette

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

424

Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial fish assemblages and native fish in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. In 1999, 2000, and 2001 the project began addressing some of the identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Department of Natural Resources, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Spokane, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Department of Natural Resources, Wellpinit, WA)

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial and native fish assemblages in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2003-2004 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial and native fish assemblages in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2001 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC). The NPPC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPPC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial fish assemblages and native fish in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area and the Columbia Basin Blocked Area Management Plan (1998). The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. In 1999, 2000, and 2001 the project began addressing some of the identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of seven streams and four lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2000. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in southern Pend Oreille County, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2001. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispell Department of Natural Resources, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Spokane, WA); O'Connor, Dick (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Annotated bibliography for the humpback chub (Gila cypha) with emphasis on the Grand Canyon population.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Glen Canyon Dam is a hydroelectric facility located on the Colorado River in Arizona that is operated by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) for multiple purposes including water storage, flood control, power generation, recreation, and enhancement of fish and wildlife. Glen Canyon Dam operations have been managed for the last several years to improve conditions for the humpback chub (Gila cypha) and other ecosystem components. An extensive amount of literature has been produced on the humpback chub. We developed this annotated bibliography to assist managers and researchers in the Grand Canyon as they perform assessments, refine management strategies, and develop new studies to examine the factors affecting humpback chub. The U.S. Geological Survey recently created a multispecies bibliography (including references on the humpback chub) entitled Bibliography of Native Colorado River Big Fishes (available at www.fort.usgs.gov/Products/data/COFishBib). That bibliography, while quite extensive and broader in scope than ours, is not annotated, and, therefore, does not provide any of the information in the original literature. In developing this annotated bibliography, we have attempted to assemble abstracts from relevant published literature. We present here abstracts taken unmodified from individual reports and articles except where noted. The bibliography spans references from 1976 to 2009 and is organized in five broad topical areas, including: (1) biology, (2) ecology, (3) impacts of dam operations, (4) other impacts, and (5) conservation and management, and includes twenty subcategories. Within each subcategory, we present abstracts alphabetically by author and chronologically by year. We present relevant articles not specific to either the humpback chub or Glen Canyon Dam, but cited in other included reports, under the Supporting Articles subcategory. We provide all citations in alphabetical order in Section 7.

Goulet, C. T.; LaGory, K. E.; Environmental Science Division

2009-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

429

Geology of the Wallula Gap Area, Washington. [Grande Ronde, Wanapum, and Saddle Mountains basalts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study focuses on the structure and stratigraphy of an 80-km/sup 2/ area at the southern margin of the Pasco Basin in Wallula Gap. Field stratigraphy, petrography, natural remanent magnetism, and major-element chemistry indicate that the tholeiitic basalt flows of the Wallula Gap area correlate with units of the Grande Ronde, Wanapum, and Saddle Mountains Formations of the Yakima Subgroup of the Columbia River Basalt Group. Flows of the Frenchman Springs, Umatilla, Pomona, Elephant Mountain, and Ice Harbor Mmebers are present in the area. The Frenchman Springs Member exposed in the Wallula Gap is more than 185 m thick and consists of eight to nine flows. Its thickness and possible contemporaneous structural deformation apparently prevented emplacement of both the Roza and Priest Rapids Members at this locality. Structural uplift of the Horse Heaven Hills began prior to extrusion of the Pomona flow. Both the Pomona and Elephant Mountain Members thin and pinch out over the crest of the uplift near Mound Pond. The Ice Harbor flow was apparently confined to the basin north of the Horse Heaven uplift, but an exposure at Mound Pond suggests it flowed through Wallula Gap as an intracanyon flow. The Wallula Gap fault zone trends N65/sup 0/W and can be traced for at least 11 km along the north flank of the Horse Heaven Hills uplift. Where the fault intersects the Olympic-Wallowa Lineament at Van Sycle Canyon 8 km east of Wallula Gap, it is a broad zone of normal faulting, 300 m wide, with as much as 310 m of displacement of the basalt stratigraphy. Two faults occur in the northern portion of Van Sycle Canyon and define a graben trending N45/sup 0/W. A third fault, roughly parallel to the Wallula Gap fault, transects the The Nub and offsets 14 m of Ice Harbor basalt.

Gardner, J.N.; Snow, M.G.; Fecht, K.R.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Steam Dryer Segmentation and Packaging at Grand Gulf Nuclear Station - 13577  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Entergy recently performed an Extended Power Up-rate (EPU) on their Grand Gulf Nuclear Station, near Port Gibson, Mississippi. To support the EPU, a new Steam Dryer Assembly was installed during the last refueling outage. Due to limited access into the containment, the large Replacement Steam Dryer (RSD) had to be brought into the containment in pieces and then final assembly was completed on the refueling floor before installation into the reactor. Likewise, the highly contaminated Original Steam Dryer (OSD) had to be segmented into manageable sections, loaded into specially designed shielded containers, and rigged out of containment where they will be safely stored until final disposal is accomplished at an acceptable waste repository. Westinghouse Nuclear Services was contracted by Entergy to segment, package and remove the OSD from containment. This work was performed on critical path during the most recent refueling outage. The segmentation was performed underwater to minimize radiation exposure to the workers. Special hydraulic saws were developed for the cutting operations based on Westinghouse designs previously used in Sweden to segment ABB Reactor Internals. The mechanical cutting method was selected because of its proven reliability and the minimal cutting debris that is generated by the process. Maintaining stability of the large OSD sections during cutting was accomplished using a custom built support stand that was installed into the Moisture Separator Pool after the Moisture Separator was installed back in the reactor vessel. The OSD was then moved from the Steam Dryer Pool to the Moisture Separator Pool for segmentation. This scenario resolved the logistical challenge of having two steam dryers and a moisture separator in containment simultaneously. A water filtration/vacuum unit was supplied to maintain water clarity during the cutting and handling operations and to collect the cutting chips. (authors)

Kreitman, Paul J.; Sirianni, Steve R.; Pillard, Mark M. [Westinghouse Nuclear Services, 1 Energy Drive, Lake Bluff, Illinois 60044 (United States)] [Westinghouse Nuclear Services, 1 Energy Drive, Lake Bluff, Illinois 60044 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Helical antiferromagnetic ordering in Lu1-xScxMnSi  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polycrystalline samples of Lu1?xScxMnSi (x=0, 0.25, 0.5) are studied using powder x-ray diffraction, heat capacity Cp, magnetization, magnetic susceptibility ?, and electrical resistivity ? measurements versus temperature T and magnetic field H. This system crystallizes in the primitive orthorhombic TiNiSi-type structure (space group Pnma) as previously reported. The ?(T) data indicate metallic behavior. The Cp(T), ?(T), and ?(T) measurements consistently indicate long-range antiferromagnetic (AF) transitions with AF ordering temperatures TN=246, 215, and 188 K for x=0, 0.25, and 0.5, respectively. A second transition is observed at somewhat lower T for each sample from the ?(T) and ?(T) measurements, which we speculate are due to spin reorientation transitions; these second transitions are completely suppressed in H=5.5 T. The Cp data below 10 K for each composition indicate an enhanced Sommerfeld electronic heat capacity coefficient for the series in the range ?=2429 mJ/mol K2. The ?(T) measurements up to 1000 K were fitted by local-moment Curie-Weiss behaviors which indicate a low Mn spin S?1. The ? data below TN are analyzed using the Weiss molecular field theory for a planar noncollinear cycloidal AF structure with a composition-dependent pitch, following the previous neutron diffraction work of Venturini et al. [J. Alloys Compd. 256, 65 (1997)]. Within this model, the fits indicate a turn angle between Mn ordered moments along the cycloid axis of ?100? or ?145?, either of which indicate dominant AF interactions between the Mn spins in the Lu1?xScxMnSi series of compounds.

Goetsch, Ryan J [Ames Laboratory; Anand, V K [Ames Laboratory; Johnston, David C [Ames Laboratory

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

High-field electroluminescence in semiconductor tunnel junctions with a Mn-doped GaAs layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated high-field electroluminescence (EL) in semiconductor tunnel junctions with a Mn-doped GaAs layer (here, referred to as GaAs:Mn). Besides the band-gap emission of GaAs, the EL spectra show visible light emissions with two peaks at 1.94?eV and 2.19?eV, which are caused by d-d transitions of the Mn atoms excited by hot electrons. The threshold voltages for band-gap and visible light EL in the tunnel junctions with a GaAs:Mn electrode are 1.3?V higher than those of GaAs:Mn excited by hot holes in reserve biased p{sup +}-n junctions, which is consistent with the hot carrier transport in the band profiles of these structures. Our EL results at room temperature show that the electron temperature in GaAs:Mn can be as high as ?700?K for a low input electrical power density of 0.4?W/cm{sup 2}, while the lattice temperature of the GaAs:Mn layer can be kept at 340?K.

Hai, Pham Nam [Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Department of Physical Electronics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-0033 (Japan); Yatsui, Takashi; Ohtsu, Motoichi; Tanaka, Masaaki [Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Nanophotonics Research Center, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)

2014-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

433

Atomic moments in Mn2CoAl thin films analyzed by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

Spin gapless semiconductors are known to be strongly affected by structural disorder when grown epitaxially as thin films. The magnetic properties of Mn2CoAl thin films grown on GaAs (001) substrates are investigated here as a function of annealing. This study investigates the atomic-specific magnetic moments of Mn and Co atoms measured through X-ray magnetic circular dichroism as a function of annealing and the consequent structural ordering. The results indicate that the structural distortion mainly affects the Mn atoms as seen by the reduction of the magnetic moment from its predicted value. (auth)

Jamer M.; Sterbinsky G.; Assaf, B.; Arena, D.; Heiman, D.

2014-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

434

Precipitation in cold-rolled AlScZr and AlMnScZr alloys prepared by powder metallurgy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of cold-rolling on thermal, mechanical and electrical properties, microstructure and recrystallization behaviour of the AlScZr and AlMnScZr alloys prepared by powder metallurgy were studied. The powder was produced by atomising in argon with 1% oxygen and then consolidated by hot extrusion at 350 C. The electrical resistometry and microhardness together with differential scanning calorimetry measurements were compared with microstructure development observed by transmission and scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and electron backscatter diffraction. Fine (sub)grain structure developed and fine coherent Al{sub 3}Sc and/or Al{sub 3}(Sc,Zr) particles precipitated during extrusion at 350 C in the alloys studied. Additional precipitation of the Al{sub 3}Sc and/or Al{sub 3}(Sc,Zr) particles and/or their coarsening was slightly facilitated by the previous cold rolling. The presence of Sc,Zr-containing particles has a significant antirecrystallization effect that prevents recrystallization at temperatures minimally up to 420 C. The precipitation of the Al{sub 6}Mn- and/or Al{sub 6}(Mn,Fe) particles of a size ? 1.0 ?m at subgrain boundaries has also an essential antirecrystallization effect and totally suppresses recrystallization during 32 h long annealing at 550 C. The texture development of the alloys seems to be affected by high solid solution strengthening by Mn. The precipitation of the Mn-containing alloy is highly enhanced by a cold rolling. The apparent activation energy of the Al{sub 3}Sc particles formation and/or coarsening and that of the Al{sub 6}Mn and/or Al{sub 6}(Mn,Fe) particle precipitation in the powder and in the compacted alloys were determined. The cold deformation has no effect on the apparent activation energy values of the Al{sub 3}Sc-phase and the Al{sub 6}Mn-phase precipitation. - Highlights: The Mn, Sc and Zr additions to Al totally suppresses recrystallization at 550 C. The Sc,Zr-containing particle precipitation is slightly facilitated by cold rolling. The Mn-containing particle precipitation is highly enhanced by cold rolling. Cold rolling has no effect on activation energy of the Al{sub 3}Sc and Al{sub 6}Mn precipitation. The texture development is affected by high solid solution strengthening by Mn.

Vlach, M., E-mail: martin.vlach@mff.cuni.cz [Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Ke Karlovu 3, CZ-121 16 Prague (Czech Republic); Stulikova, I.; Smola, B.; Kekule, T.; Kudrnova, H.; Danis, S. [Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Ke Karlovu 3, CZ-121 16 Prague (Czech Republic); Gemma, R. [King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Physical Sciences and Engineering Division, 23955-6900 Thuwal (Saudi Arabia); Ocenasek, V. [SVM a.s., Podnikatelsk 565, CZ-190 11 Prague (Czech Republic); Malek, J. [Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, CZ-120 00 Prague (Czech Republic); Tanprayoon, D.; Neubert, V. [Institut fr Materialprfung und Werkstofftechnik, Freiberger Strasse 1, D-38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

A Single Layer of Mn in a GaAs Quantum Well: A Ferromagnet with Quantum Fluctuations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some of the highest transition temperatures achieved for Mn-doped GaAs have been in &-doped heterostructures with well-separated planes of Mn. But in the absense of magnetic anisotropy, the Mermin-Wagner theorem implies that a single plane of magnetic ions cannot be ferromagnetic. We show that the same mechanism that produces magnetic frustration and suppresses the transition can stabilize ferromagnetic order for a single layer of Mn in a GaAs quantum well. But this comes at the price of quantum fluctuations that suppress the ordered moment from that of a fully saturated ferromagnet.

Melko, Roger G [ORNL; Fishman, Randy Scott [ORNL; Reboredo, Fernando A [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Penetration depth and absorption mechanisms of spin currents in Ir{sub 20}Mn{sub 80} and Fe{sub 50}Mn{sub 50} polycrystalline films by ferromagnetic resonance and spin pumping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spintronics relies on the spin dependent transport properties of ferromagnets (Fs). Although antiferromagnets (AFs) are used for their magnetic properties only, some fundamental F-spintronics phenomena like spin transfer torque, domain wall motion, and tunnel anisotropic magnetoresistance also occur with AFs, thus making AF-spintronics attractive. Here, room temperature critical depths and absorption mechanisms of spin currents in Ir{sub 20}Mn{sub 80} and Fe{sub 50}Mn{sub 50} are determined by F-resonance and spin pumping. In particular, we find room temperature critical depths originating from different absorption mechanisms: dephasing for Ir{sub 20}Mn{sub 80} and spin flipping for Fe{sub 50}Mn{sub 50}.

Merodio, P.; Ghosh, A.; Lemonias, C.; Gautier, E.; Ebels, U.; Chshiev, M.; Ba, H., E-mail: vincent.baltz@cea.fr, E-mail: helene.bea@cea.fr; Baltz, V., E-mail: vincent.baltz@cea.fr, E-mail: helene.bea@cea.fr [SPINTEC, UMR 8191 CNRS/INAC-CEA/UJF-Grenoble 1/Grenoble-INP, F-38054 Cedex (France); Bailey, W. E., E-mail: web54@columbia.edu [Mat. Sci. and Engn. Program, Department of Appl. Phys. and Appl. Math., Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)

2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

437

Mn concentration dependent structural and optical properties of a-plane Zn{sub 0.99-x}Mn{sub x}Na{sub 0.01}O  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Non-polar a-plane (112{sup }0) Zn{sub 0.99?x}Mn{sub x}Na{sub 0.01}O (x?=?0, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04, and 0.05) thin films have been prepared on r-plane (112{sup }0) sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition (PLD). The influences of Mn content on the structural and optical properties of the films have been studied. It is indicated that moderate Mn doping facilitates the non-polar growth of ZnO, and all the doped films are single phase with a hexagonal wurtzite structure. The transmittance spectra suggested that all films are transparent in the visible region exhibiting a transmittance above 80%. Mn{sup 2+} doped Zn{sub 0.99}Na{sub 0.01}O shows an initial decrease of optical band gap (OBG) for small concentration of Mn, followed by a monotonic increase. The anomalous decrease in OBG for low concentrations of Mn is attributed to the strong exchange interaction present between the sp electrons of the host matrix and d electrons of Mn. Emission studies were also performed showing suppressed blue-shifted ultraviolet band and dominant violet-blue bands, which might originate from the zinc vacancy (V{sub Zn}) and zinc interstitial (Zn{sub i}) defects. The intensity of defect-related emission peaks is Mn doping-level-dependent as well and the results coincide well with that from the structural analyses.

Lu, B., E-mail: binlu@zju.edu.cn; Zhou, T. T.; Ma, M. J.; Ye, Y. H.; Ye, Z. Z.; Lu, J. G.; Pan, X. H. [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Cyrus Tang Center for Sensor Materials and Applications, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)

2013-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

438

Nmr Study of Thiocarbonyl Derivatives of Fe and Mn were made with solutions of the tungsten and molybdenum species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nmr Study of Thiocarbonyl Derivatives of Fe and Mn were made with solutions of the tungsten.g.. the tungsten ion readily oxidizes in aqueous acid [A. Samotus and B. Kosowicz-Czajkowska, Rocz. Chem., 45, 1623

Bodner, George M.

439

Heat capacity of the site-diluted spin dimer system Ba?(Mn1-xVx)?O?  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

Heat-capacity and susceptibility measurements have been performed on the diluted spin dimer compound Ba?(Mn1-xVx)?O?. The parent compound Ba?Mn?O? is a spin dimer system based on pairs of antiferromagnetically coupled S=1, 3d Mn?? ions such that the zero-field ground state is a product of singlets. Substitution of nonmagnetic S=0, 3d? V?? ions leads to an interacting network of unpaired Mn moments, the low-temperature properties of which are explored in the limit of small concentrations 0?x?0.05. The zero-field heat capacity of this diluted system reveals a progressive removal of magnetic entropy over an extended range of temperatures, with no evidence for a phase transition. The concentration dependence does not conform to expectations for a spin-glass state. Rather, the data suggest a low-temperature random singlet phase, reflecting the hierarchy of exchange energies found in this system.

Samulon, E. C.; Shapiro, M. C.; Fisher, I. R.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Electronic Structure of a Paramagnetic {MNO}[superscript 6] Complex: MnNO 5,5-Tropocoronand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using density functional theory (OLYP/STO-TZP) calculations, we have investigated the electronic structure of [Mn(5,5-tropocoronand)(NO)], a rare paramagnetic {MNO}6 complex. Experimental methods, including magnetic ...

Tangen, Espen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Prediction of O2 Dissociation Kinetics on LaMnO3-Based Cathode Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

First-principles and statistical-theory calculations were applied to examine the interactions between oxygen molecules and the (100) surfaces of LaMnO3 and La0.5Sr0.5MnO2.75, one of the most-used cathode materials in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). To predict the rate constants for the interactions between O2 and LaMnO3 or La0.5Sr0.5MnO2.75, potential energy profiles were constructed using the nudged elastic band (NEB) method. Predicted rate constants for the dissociation of adsorbed oxygen species on LaMnO3 (lm) and La0.5Sr0.5MnO2.75 (lsm) can be expressed as kdiss,lm ) 2.35 1012 exp(-0.50 eV/RT) s-1 and kdiss,lsm ) 2.15 1012 exp(-0.23 eV/RT) s-1, respectively, in the temperature range of 873-1273 K at 1 atm. Because the activation energy for oxygen dissociation on La0.5Sr0.5MnO2.75 (0.23 eV) is much smaller than that on LaMnO3 (0.50 eV), oxygen vacancies greatly enhance O2 dissociation kinetics. The kinetic and mechanistic studies for the interactions at the molecular level are imperative to gaining a fundamental understanding of oxygen reduction kinetics on cathode materials and to providing important insight into the rational design of more catalytically active cathode materials for SOFCs.

Choi, Yongman; Lynch, Matthew E.; Lin, M. C.; Liu, Meilin

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

442

Magnetocaloric and magnetoresistive properties of La0.67Ca0.33-xSrxMnO3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Risø-PhD-5 Magnetocaloric and magnetoresistive properties of La0.67Ca0.33-xSrxMnO3 Anders Reves: Magnetocaloric and magnetoresistive properties of La0.67Ca0.33-xSrxMnO3 Department: Materials Research Department of magneto- caloric and magnetoresistive properties of a series of polycrystalline Ca- and Sr- doped

443

Coulomb interaction of acceptors in Cd{sub 1?x}Mn{sub x}Te/CdTe quantum dot  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The investigation on the effect of confining potential like isotropic harmonic oscillator type potential on the binding and the Coulomb interaction energy of the double acceptors in the presence of magnetic field in a Cd{sub 1?x}Mn{sub x}Te/CdTe Spherical Quantum Dot has been made for the Mn ion composition x=0.3 and compared with the results obtained from the square well type potential using variational procedure in the effective mass approximation.

Kalpana, P.; Nithiananthi, P., E-mail: kjkumar-gri@rediffmail.com; Jayakumar, K., E-mail: kjkumar-gri@rediffmail.com [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural University, Gandhigram-624302, TamilNadu (India); Reuben, A. Merwyn Jasper D. [Department of Physics, School of Engineering, Saveetha University, Thandalam, Chennai- 600104, TamilNadu (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

444

Characterization of Al-Mn particles in AZ91D investment castings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Manganese is currently added to Mg-Al alloys in order to improve the corrosion behavior of cast components. A part of this manganese is dissolved in the magnesium matrix and the balance is found as fine Al(Mn,Fe) particles dispersed within castings. For AZ91D specimens prepared using the plaster mould investment casting process, these particles were observed in very large quantity at the surface of castings. These particles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and electron probe microanalysis. It was found that they consist of Al{sub 8}Mn{sub 5} phase and that their morphology and size depend on local solidification conditions. Their presence at the surface of the castings is related to low solidification rates and reduced thermal gradients at the mould/metal interface.

Lun Sin, S. [Department of Mining, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Laval University, Quebec, Quebec, G1K 7P4 (Canada); Dube, D. [Department of Mining, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Laval University, Quebec, Quebec, G1K 7P4 (Canada)], E-mail: dominique.dube@gmn.ulaval.ca; Tremblay, R. [Department of Mining, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Laval University, Quebec, Quebec, G1K 7P4 (Canada)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

445

Preparation and Magnetic Properties of MnBi-based Hard/Soft Composite Magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bulk anisotropic composite magnets based on MnBi/Co(Fe) exhibiting the different morphology of the soft magnetic phase were prepared by powder metallurgy processing. First, single-phase MnBi bulk magnets were produced using a maximum energy product [(BH)m] of 6.3 MGOe at room temperature. The nanoscale soft phase with the different morphology was then added to form a composite magnet. It was observed that addition of magnetic soft-phase nanoparticles and nanoflakes causes a dramatic coercivity reduction. However, the addition of soft magnetic phase nanowires enhanced the composite magnetization without sacrificing the coercivity. Nevertheless, a kink was still observed on the demagnetization curves and the coercivity decreased when the soft-phase content was larger than 10 wt. %, which was caused by the agglomeration of the soft phase nanowires that also led to a decreased degree of texture.

Ma, Yilong; Liu, Xubo; Gandha, Kinjal; Vuong, Nguyen V.; Yang, Y. B.; Yang, Jinbo; Poudyal, Narayan; Cui, Jun; Liu, J.Ping

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

446

Low temperature magnetic properties of magnesium substituted YbMnO{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Structural and magnetic properties of polycrystalline Yb{sub 1?x}Mg{sub x}MnO{sub 3} (x = 0, 0.05 and 0.10) hexagonal compounds prepared by solid state method, have been studied. The structural analyses of the samples were carried out by Rietveld analysis of neutron diffraction data. With increasing Mg content, we find that the lattice parameter a decreases and c increases whereas the overall Mn-O bond length decreases. Magnetization measured as a function of magnetic field at 2.5 K exhibits hysteresis, which is attributed to ferromagnetic like ordering of Yb{sup 3+} sublattice. Temperature dependence of ac magnetic susceptibility, ?{sub ac}(T), shows no signature of spin-glass behavior. ?(T) exhibits a sudden increase at low temperatures which is due to ordering of Yb{sup 3+} sublattice.

Sattibabu, Bhumireddi, E-mail: bsb.satti@gmail.com; Bhatnagar, Anil K., E-mail: bsb.satti@gmail.com; Mohan, Dasari, E-mail: bsb.satti@gmail.com; Das, Dibakar, E-mail: bsb.satti@gmail.com; Sundararaman, Mahadevan, E-mail: bsb.satti@gmail.com [School of Engineering Sciences and Technology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad-500046 (India); Siruguri, Vasudeva; Rayaprol, Sudhindra [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, Mumbai Centre, R-5 Shed, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai-400085 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

447

Abundance analysis of SB2 binary stars with HgMn primaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a short review of the abundances in the atmospheres of SB2 systems with Mercury-Manganese (HgMn) primaries. Up to now a careful study has been made for both components of 8 out of 17 known SB2 binaries with orbital periods shorter than 100 days and mass ratio ranging from 1.08 to 2.2. For all eight systems we observe a lower Mn abundance in the secondary's atmospheres than in the primary's. Significant difference in the abundances is also found for some peculiar elements such as Ga, Xe, Pt. All secondary stars with effective temperatures less than 10000 K show abundance characteristics typical of the metallic-line stars.

T. Ryabchikova

1998-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

448

Magneto-optical spectroscopy of ferromagnetic shape-memory Ni-Mn-Ga alloy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magneto-optical properties of single crystal of Ni{sub 50.1}Mn{sub 28.4}Ga{sub 21.5} magnetic shape memory alloy in martensite and austenite phase were systematically studied. Crystal orientation was approximately along (100) planes of parent cubic austenite. At room temperature, the sample was in modulated 10M martensite phase and transformed to cubic austenite at 323?K. Spectral dependence of polar magneto-optical Kerr effect was obtained by generalized magneto-optical ellipsometry with rotating analyzer in the photon energy range from 1.2 to 4?eV, and from room temperature to temperature above the Curie point. The Kerr rotation spectra exhibit prominent features typical for complexes containing Mn atoms. Significant spectral changes during transformation to austenite can be explained by different optical properties caused by changes in density of states near the Fermi energy.

Veis, M., E-mail: veis@karlov.mff.cuni.cz; Beran, L.; Zahradnik, M.; Antos, R. [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Ke Karlovu 5, 12116 Prague (Czech Republic); Straka, L. [Aalto University School of Engineering, PL14200, FIN-00076 Aalto (Finland); Kopecek, J.; Fekete, L.; Heczko, O. [Institute of Physics, ASCR, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague (Czech Republic)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

449

High capacitive performance of nanostructured Mn-Ni-Co oxide composites for supercapacitor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanostructured Mn-Ni-Co oxide composites (MNCO) were prepared by thermal decomposition of the precursor obtained by chemical co-precipitation of Mn, Ni and Co salts. The chemical composition and morphology were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The electrochemical capacitance of MNCO electrode was examined by cyclic voltammetry, impedance and galvanostatic charge-discharge measurements. The results showed that MNCO electrode exhibited the good electrochemical characteristics. A maximum capacitance value of 1260 F g{sup -1} could be obtained within the potential range of -0.1 to 0.4 V versus saturated calomel electrode (SCE) in 6 mol L{sup -1} KOH electrolyte.

Luo Jianmin [Institute of Applied Chemistry, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046 (China); Gao Bo [College of Material Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016 (China); Zhang Xiaogang [College of Material Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016 (China)], E-mail: azhangxg@163.com

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

450

Optical transitions in MnGa{sub 2}Se{sub 4}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dependence of the absorption coefficient on incident photon energy in a MnGa{sub 2}Se{sub 4} single crystal has been investigated in the temperature range 110-295 K. Using group-theory analysis of the electron state symmetry and comparison of the symmetry of the energy spectrum of MnGa{sub 2}Se{sub 4} and its isoelectronic analogs, a conclusion about the character of optical transitions has been drawn. It is shown that the features observed at 2.31 and 2.45 eV are related to the intracenter transitions {sup 6}A{sub 1}{sup 1} {yields} {sup 4}T{sub 2}({sup 4}G) and {sup 6}A{sub 1}{sup 2} {yields} {sup 4}T{sub 2}({sup 4}G). The {sup 6}A{sub 1} state is split by the crystal field.

Tagiev, B. G.; Kerimova, T. G., E-mail: ktaira@physics.ab.az; Tagiev, O. B.; Asadullayeva, S. G.; Mamedova, I. A. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

451

Thermoelectric study of crossroads material MnTe via sulfur doping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Here, we report thermoelectric study of crossroads material MnTe via iso-electronic doping S on the Te-site. MnTe{sub 1-x}S{sub x} samples with nominal S content of x?=?0.00, 0.05, and 0.10 were prepared using a melt-quench method followed by pulverization and spark plasma sintering. The X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and ZAF-corrected compositional analysis confirmed that S uniformly substitutes Te up to slightly over 2%. A higher content of S in the starting materials led to the formation of secondary phases. The thermoelectric properties of MnTe{sub 1-x}S{sub x} samples were characterized by means of Seebeck coefficient, electrical conductivity, and thermal conductivity measurements from 300?K to 773?K. Furthermore, Hall coefficient measurements and a single parabolic band model were used to help gain insights on the effects of S-doping on the scattering mechanism and the carrier effective mass. As expected, S doping not only introduced hole charge carriers but also created short-range defects that effectively scatter heat-carrying phonons at elevated temperatures. On the other hand, we found that S doping degraded the effective mass. As a result, the ZT of MnTe{sub 0.9}S{sub 0.1} was substantially enhanced over the pristine sample near 400?K, while the improvement of ZT became marginal at elevated temperatures. A ZT???0.65 at 773?K was obtained in all three samples.

Xie, Wenjie, E-mail: xie@imw.uni-stuttgart.de; Populoh, Sascha; Sagarna, Leyre; Trottmann, Matthias [EmpaSwiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Solid State Chemistry and Catalysis, Uberlandstrasse 129, CH-8600 Dbendorf (Switzerland); Ga??zka, Krzysztof [EmpaSwiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Solid State Chemistry and Catalysis, Uberlandstrasse 129, CH-8600 Dbendorf (Switzerland); Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Bern, Freiestrasse 3, CH-3012 Bern (Switzerland); Xiao, Xingxing [Institute for Materials Science, University of Stuttgart, DE-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Liu, Yufei; He, Jian [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634-0978 (United States); Weidenkaff, Anke [EmpaSwiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Solid State Chemistry and Catalysis, Uberlandstrasse 129, CH-8600 Dbendorf (Switzerland); Institute for Materials Science, University of Stuttgart, DE-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

452

Preparation and characterization of nanostructured NiO/MnO{sub 2} composite electrode for electrochemical supercapacitors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanostructured nickel-manganese oxides composite was prepared by the sol-gel and the chemistry deposition combination new route. The surface morphology and structure of the composite were characterized by scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction. The as-synthesized NiO/MnO{sub 2} samples exhibit higher surface area of 130-190 m{sup 2} g{sup -1}. Cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge/discharge measurements were applied to investigate the electrochemical performance of the composite electrodes with different ratios of NiO/MnO{sub 2}. When the mass ratio of MnO{sub 2} and NiO in composite material is 80:20, the specific capacitance value of NiO/MnO{sub 2} calculated from the cyclic voltammetry curves is 453 F g{sup -1}, for pure NiO and MnO{sub 2} are 209, 330 F g{sup -1} in 6 mol L{sup -1} KOH electrolyte and at scan rate of 10 mV s{sup -1}, respectively. The specific capacitance of NiO/MnO{sub 2} electrode is much larger than that of each pristine component. Moreover, the composite electrodes showed high power density and stable electrochemical properties.

Liu Enhui [College of Chemistry, Xiangtan University, Hunan 411105 (China)], E-mail: liuenhui99@sina.com.cn; Li Wen; Li Jian; Meng Xiangyun; Ding Rui; Tan Songting [College of Chemistry, Xiangtan University, Hunan 411105 (China)

2009-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

453

Construction of the Magnetic Phase Diagram of FeMn/Ni/Cu(001) Using Photoemission Electron Microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single crystalline FeMn/Ni bilayer was epitaxially grown on Cu(001) substrate and investigated by photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM). The FeMn and Ni films were grown into two cross wedges to facilitate an independent control of the FeMn (0-20 ML) and Ni (0-20 ML) film thicknesses. The Ni magnetic phases were determined by Ni domain images as a function of the Ni thickness (d{sub Ni}) and the FeMn thickness (d{sub FeMn}). The result shows that as the Ni thickness increases, the Ni film undergoes a paramagnetic-to-ferromagnetic state transition at a critical thickness of d{sub FM} and an in-plane to out-of-plane spin reorientation transition at a thicker thickness d{sub SRT}. The phase diagram shows that both d{sub FM} and d{sub SRT} increase as the FeMn film establishes its antiferromagnetic order.

Wu, J.; Scholl, A.; Arenholz, E.; Hwang, C.; Qiu, Z. Q.

2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

454

Structural and Magnetic Properties of MCl2 (M = Fe, Mn, Co): Acetonitrile Solvates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

M{sup II}Cl{sub 2} (M = Mn, Fe, Co) as their acetonitrile solvates were isolated, and their structural, spectroscopic, and magnetic properties were studied. MCl{sub 2}(NCMe){sub 2} (M = Fe, Mn) form 1-D chains of octahedral M{sup II} ions with four bridging chlorides and two axial MeCN's. The presence of an axial distortion for MFe causes a significant magnetic anisotropy that increases significantly below 150 K; however, {chi}{sub av} [=({chi}{sub {parallel}} + 2{chi}{sub {perpendicular}})/3] almost coincides with the value obtained on a polycrystalline sample. MnCl{sub 2}(NCMe){sub 2} is a paramagnet with a weak antiferromagnetic coupling. Annealing FeCl{sub 2}(NCMe){sub 2} at 55 {sup o}C forms the monosolvate of FeCl{sub 2}(NCMe) composition in which two chains collapse into a double chain with formation of Fe-Cl bonding such that half of the {mu}-Cl's becomes {mu}{sub 3}-Cl's. This material orders magnetically below {Tc} = 4.3 K. For M = Co, paramagnetic tetrahedral [CoCl{sub 3}(NCMe)]{sup -} anions are isolated.

Pokhodnya,K.; Bonner, M.; DiPasquale, A.; Rheingold, A.; Her, J.; Stephens, P.; Park, J.; Kennon, B.; Arif, A.; Miller, J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Why MnIn{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinel is not a transparent conducting oxide?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The title compound has been synthesized by a citrate technique. The crystal structure has been investigated at room temperature from high-resolution neutron powder diffraction (NPD) data. It crystallizes in a cubic spinel structure, space group Fd3-bar m, Z=8, with a=9.0008(1) A at 295 K. It exhibits a crystallographic formula (Mn{sub 0.924(2)}In{sub 0.076(2)}){sub 8a}(In{sub 1.804(2)}Mn{sub 0.196(2)}){sub 16d}O{sub 4}, where 8a and 16d stand for the tetrahedral and octahedral sites of the spinel structure, respectively, with a slight degree of inversion, {lambda}=0.08. MnIn{sub 2}O{sub 4} shows antiferromagnetic interactions below T{sub N} Almost-Equal-To 40 K, due to the statistical distribution of Mn ions over the two available sites. Unlike the related MgIn{sub 2}O{sub 4} and CdIn{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinels, well known as transparent conducting oxides, MnIn{sub 2}O{sub 4} is not transparent and shows a poor conductivity ({sigma}=0.38 S cm{sup -1} at 1123 K): the presence of Mn ions, able to adopt mixed valence states, localizes the charges that, otherwise, would be delocalized in the spinel conduction band. - Graphical Abstract: From NPD data the crystallographic formula (Mn{sub 0.924(2)}In{sub 0.076(2)}){sub 8a}(In{sub 1.804(2)}Mn{sub 0.196(2)}){sub 16d}O{sub 4}, shows a slight degree of inversion, {lambda}=0.08 and a certain In deficiency. The presence of Mn ions, able to adopt mixed oxidation states, localize the charges that, otherwise, would be delocalized in the spinel conduction band; the presence of localized Mn{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 3+} ions provides the characteristic brown color. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Accurate structural determination from NPD data: inversion degree (8%), and In deficiency. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bond-valence indicates Mn{sup 2+}-Mn{sup 3+} ions; edge-sharing octahedra contain 90% In{sup 3+}+10% Mn{sup 3+} cations. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Conductivity several orders of magnitude lower than those of MgIn{sub 2}O{sub 4} or CdIn{sub 2}O{sub 4}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Variability of Mn oxidation states cancels any electron-doping effect, emptying conduction band of mobile charge carriers. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Curie-Weiss behavior confirming the determined charge distribution.

Martinez-Lope, M.J. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, C.S.I.C., Cantoblanco E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Retuerto, M. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, C.S.I.C., Cantoblanco E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Department of Chemistry, Rutgers State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8087 (United States); Calle, C. de la [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, C.S.I.C., Cantoblanco E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Porcher, Florence [Laboratoire Leon Brillouin, CEA/Saclay, 91191 Gif Sur Ivette Cedex, France. (France); Alonso, J.A., E-mail: ja.alonso@icmm.csic.es [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, C.S.I.C., Cantoblanco E-28049 Madrid (Spain)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

456

Facilitation of Third-party Development of Advanced Algorithms for Explosive Detection Using Workshops and Grand Challenges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has requirements for future explosive detection scanners that include dealing with a larger number of threats, higher probability of detection, lower false alarm rates and lower operating costs. One tactic that DHS is pursuing to achieve these requirements is to augment the capabilities of the established security vendors with third-party algorithm developers. The purposes of this presentation are to review DHS's objectives for involving third parties in the development of advanced algorithms and then to discuss how these objectives are achieved using workshops and grand challenges. Terrorists are still trying and they are getting more sophisticated. There is a need to increase the number of smart people working on homeland security. Augmenting capabilities and capacities of system vendors with third-parties is one tactic. Third parties can be accessed via workshops and grand challenges. Successes have been achieved to date. There are issues that need to be resolved to further increase third party involvement.

Martz, H E; Crawford, C R; Beaty, J S; Castanon, D

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

Residential and commercial space heating and cooling with possible greenhouse operation; Baca Grande development, San Luis Valley, Colorado. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A feasibility study was performed to evaluate the potential of multipurpose applications of moderate-temperature geothermal waters in the vicinity of the Baca Grande community development in the San Luis Valley, Colorado. The project resource assessment, based on a thorough review of existing data, indicates that a substantial resource likely exists in the Baca Grande region capable of supporting residential and light industrial activity. Engineering designs were developed for geothermal district heating systems for space heating and domestic hot water heating for residences, including a mobile home park, an existing motel, a greenhouse complex, and other small commercial uses such as aquaculture. In addition, a thorough institutional analysis of the study area was performed to highlight factors which might pose barriers to the ultimate commercial development of the resource. Finally, an environmental evaluation of the possible impacts of the proposed action was also performed. The feasibility evaluation indicates the economics of the residential areas are dependent on the continued rate of housing construction. If essentially complete development could occur over a 30-year period, the economics are favorable as compared to existing alternatives. For the commercial area, the economics are good as compared to existing conventional energy sources. This is especially true as related to proposed greenhouse operations. The institutional and environmental analyses indicates that no significant barriers to development are apparent.

Goering, S.W.; Garing, K.L.; Coury, G.E.; Fritzler, E.A.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Magnetic ordering in the spinel compound LiMn2-xLixO4,,x=0,0.04... John Gaddy,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1063/1.3073660 The ground state properties of the known lithium-based cubic spinel compounds LiT2O4 range from BCS-range antiferromagnetic order. In contrast, whereas lithium-substituted Li Mn2-xLix O4 also undergoes a charge eightfold rings.6 The Mn4+ rings only interact with other rings via the intervening Mn3+ ions. When cooled

Montfrooij, Wouter

459

Combustion Synthesis of Nanoparticulate LiMgxMn1-xPO4 (x=0, 0.1, 0.2) Carbon Composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries. J. Electrochem. Soc.Materials for Lithium Batteries. J. Electrochem. Soc. 148,LiMnPO 4 for Lithium Ion Batteries. Electrochem. and Solid

Doeff, Marca M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Combustion Synthesis of Nanoparticulate LiMgxMn1-xPO4 (x=0, 0.1, 0.2) Carbon Composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries. J. Electrochem. Soc.4 V Cathode Materials for Lithium Batteries. J. Electrochem.LiMnPO 4 for Lithium Ion Batteries. Electrochem. and Solid

Doeff, Marca M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "grand marais mn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Transmission electron microscopy of RSP Fe/Cr/Mn/Mo/C alloy. [Fe-3 wt % Cr-2 wt % Mn-0. 5 wt % Mo, -0. 3 wt % C  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rapid solidification processing (RSP) has been carried out on an Fe/Cr/Mn/Mo/C alloy using both electron-beam melting and piston-and-anvil techniques. Preliminary TEM results show RSP produces a refined duplex microstructure of ferrite and martensite, with a typical ferrite grain size of 0.50 - 3.0 microns. This RSP microstructure is significantly different from that observed in the conventionally austenitized and quenched alloys - a lath martensitic microstructure with thin films of retained interlath austenite. The morphological change produced by RSP is accompanied by an increase in hardness from 48R/sub c/ to 61R/sub c/ (approx. 480 to 720 VHN). It is intended to use electron-beam specimens to examine the potential beneficial effect of RSP upon sliding wear resistance and, by careful TEM studies, it will be possible to characterize the microstructure and its role in the hardness and wear behavior of the RSP alloy.

Rayment, J.J.; Thomas, G.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Grande Ronde Endemic Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Program; Satellite Facilities Operation and Maintenance, 2005 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There were 2 acclimation periods at the Catherine Creek Acclimation Facility (CCAF) in 2005. During the early acclimation period, 130,748 smolts were delivered from Lookingglass Hatchery (LGH) on 7 March. This group contained progeny of both the captive (53%) and conventional broodstock programs. The size of the fish at delivery was 23.9 fish/lb. Volitional releases began 14 March 2005 and ended 27 March with an estimated total (based on PIT tag detections of 3,187) of 29,402 fish leaving the raceways. This was 22.5% of the total fish delivered. Fish remaining in the raceways after volitional release were forced out. Hourly detections of PIT-tagged fish showed that most of the fish left around 1900 hours. The size of the fish just before the volitional release was 23.9 and the size of the fish remaining just before the forced release was 23.2 fish/lb. The total mortality for the acclimation period was 204 (0.16%). The total number of fish released from the acclimation facility during the early period was 130,544. During the second acclimation period 59,100 smolts were delivered from LGH on 28 March. This group was comprised entirely of progeny from the conventional broodstock program. The size of the fish at delivery was 21.8 fish/lb. Volitional releases began 3 April 2005 and ended with a force out emergency release on 7 April. The size of the fish just before the volitional release was 21.8. The total mortality for the acclimation period was 64 (0.11 %). The total number of fish released from the acclimation facility during the late period was 59,036. There was only 1 planned acclimation period at the Upper Grande Ronde Acclimation Facility (UGRAF) in 2005. During the early acclimation period 105,418 smolts were delivered from LGH on 8 March. This group was comprised entirely of progeny from the conventional broodstock program. The size of the fish at delivery was 21.0 fish/lb. There was no volitional release in 2005 due to freezing air and water conditions prompting an early release. The total mortality for the acclimation period was 49 (0.05 %). The total number of fish released from the acclimation facility during the late period was 105,369. Maintenance and repair activities were conducted at the acclimation facilities in 2005. Facility maintenance work consisted of snow removal, installation of drainage lines, removal of gravel from intake area, installation of new gate at the CCAF, and complete overhaul of 2 travel trailers. The Catherine Creek Adult Capture Facility (CCACF) was put into operation on 11 February 2005. The first adult summer steelhead was captured on 4 March. A total of 190 adult summer steelhead were trapped and released from 4 March to 16 May 2005. Peak arrival at the trap was the week of 8 April. The first adult spring Chinook salmon was captured at CCACF on 6 May 2005. A total of 226 spring Chinook salmon were trapped from 6 May to 8 July 2005. There were 56 adults and 4 jacks unmarked and 136 adult and 30 jack marked spring Chinook salmon trapped. Peak arrival at the trap was the week of 10 June for the unmarked and marked fish. None of the captive broodstock returns were collected for broodstock. Broodstock was collected systematically over the entire return from 31 May to 6 July 2005. Ten of the 34 broodstock collected and transported from CCACF to LGH were unmarked fish trapped. About 18% of the naturally produced adult males and females trapped were taken to LGH for broodstock. One jack was collected for every 5 adult males that were taken to LGH. A total of 30 age 4 and 5 and 4 age 3 fish were transported to LGH for broodstock. The hatchery component of the broodstock was 66.7%. Five weekly spawning surveys were conducted below the weir on Catherine Creek beginning 30 June 2005. During these surveys no live or dead fish were observed. The trap was removed from Catherine Creek on 3 August 2005. Temperatures at the CCACF ranged from -0.1 C on 14 February to 23.7 C on 21 July. The hourly temperatures at the adult trap during the period of operation showed that the lowest water temperatures

McLean, Michael L.; Seeger, Ryan; Hewitt, Laurie (Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Department of Natural Resources, Pendleton, OR)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Delocalization and hybridization enhance the magnetocaloric effect in Ni2Mn0.75Cu0.25Ga  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In view of the looming energy crisis facing our planet, attention increasingly focuses on materials potentially useful as a basis for energy saving technologies. The discovery of giant magnetocaloric (GMC) compounds - materials that exhibit especially large changes in temperature as the externally applied magnetic field is varied - is one such compound 1. These materials have potential for use in solid state cooling technology as a viable alternative to existing gas based refrigeration technologies that use choro-fluoro - and hydro-fluoro-carbon chemicals known to have a severe detrimental effect on human health and environment 2,3. Examples of GMC compounds include Gd5(SiGe)4 4, MnFeP1-xAsx 5 and Ni-Mn-Ga shape memory alloy based compounds 6-8. Here we explain how the properties of one of these compounds (Ni2MnGa) can be tuned as a function of temperature by adding dopants. By altering the free energy such that the structural and magnetic transitions coincide, a GMC compound that operates at just the right temperature for human requirements can be obtained 9. We show how Cu, substituted for Mn, pulls the magnetic transition downwards in temperature and also, counterintuitively, increases the delocalization of the Mn magnetism. At the same time, this reinforces the Ni-Ga chemical bond, raising the temperature of the martensite-austenite transition. At 25percent doping, the two transitions coincide at 317 K.

Roy, Sujoy; Blackburn, E.; Valvidares, S. M.; Fitzsimmons, M. R.; Vogel, Sven C.; Khan, M.; Dubenko, I.; Stadler, S.; Ali, N.; Sinha, S. K.; Kortright, J. B.

2008-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

464

Magnetovolume effect in Ho{sub 2}Fe{sub 17-x}Mn{sub x} compounds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structural and magnetic properties of seven compounds in the Ho{sub 2}Fe{sub 17-x}Mn{sub x} series (x = 0-5) have been investigated. The spontaneous magnetization M{sub s} at 10 K exhibits a minimum at x{approx_equal} 3.8 while the 3d-sublattice magnetization M{sub T} is found to decrease at {approx} -3.4 {mu}{sub B}/per Mn atom compared with the rate of {approx}-2.0 {mu}{sub B}/per Mn atom expected from a simple dilution model. All of the Ho{sub 2}Fe{sub 17-x}Mn{sub x} compounds exhibit anisotropic thermal expansion below their Curie temperatures leading to the presence of strong magnetovolume effects and Invar-type behavior below T{sub C}. An approximately zero volume thermal expansion has been detected between 10 K and 270 K for Ho{sub 2}Fe{sub 17}. The maximum magnetic entropy changes for Ho{sub 2}Fe{sub 17-x}Mn{sub x} with x = 0 and 2.0 are 3.2 J kg{sup -1} K{sup -1} around T{sub C} {approx} 336 K and 2.7 J kg{sup -1} K{sup -1} around T{sub C} {approx} 302 K, respectively, for magnetic field change of B = 0-5 T.

Wang, J. L. [Institute for Superconductivity and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong (Australia); Bragg Institute, ANSTO, Menai, NSW 2234 (Australia); School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Canberra, ACT 2600 (Australia); Studer, A. J.; Kennedy, S. J. [Bragg Institute, ANSTO, Menai, NSW 2234 (Australia); Zeng, R.; Dou, S. X. [Institute for Superconductivity and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong (Australia); Campbell, S. J. [School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Canberra, ACT 2600 (Australia)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Grand Challenges of Advanced Computing for Energy Innovation Report from the Workshop Held July 31-August 2, 2012  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On July 31-August 2 of 2012, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) held a workshop entitled Grand Challenges of Advanced Computing for Energy Innovation. This workshop built on three earlier workshops that clearly identified the potential for the Department and its national laboratories to enable energy innovation. The specific goal of the workshop was to identify the key challenges that the nation must overcome to apply the full benefit of taxpayer-funded advanced computing technologies to U.S. energy innovation in the ways that the country produces, moves, stores, and uses energy. Perhaps more importantly, the workshop also developed a set of recommendations to help the Department overcome those challenges. These recommendations provide an action plan for what the Department can do in the coming years to improve the nations energy future.

Larzelere, Alex R.; Ashby, Steven F.; Christensen, Dana C.; Crawford, Dona L.; Khaleel, Mohammad A.; John, Grosh; Stults, B. Ray; Lee, Steven L.; Hammond, Steven W.; Grover, Benjamin T.; Neely, Rob; Dudney, Lee Ann; Goldstein, Noah C.; Wells, Jack; Peltz, Jim

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

466

Grande Ronde Endemic Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Project; Lostine River Operations and Maintenance 2004 Smolt Acclimation and Adult Return Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nez Perce Tribe (NPT), through funding provided by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), has implemented a Chinook salmon supplementation program (250,000 smolts) on the Lostine River, a tributary to the Grande Ronde River of Oregon. The Grande Ronde Endemic Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation project, which involves supplementation of the Upper Grande Ronde River and Catherine Creek in addition to the Lostine River, was established to prevent extirpation and increase the number of threatened Snake River spring/summer Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) returning to the Grande Ronde River. This report covers the eighth season (1997-2004) of adult Chinook salmon broodstock collection in the Lostine River and the sixth season (1999-2004) of acclimation of resulting Lostine River progeny. Production of Lostine River spring Chinook salmon smolts currently occurs at Lookingglass Fish Hatchery (LGH). The Lostine River supplementation program utilizes two strategies to obtain egg source for production of smolts for supplementation: captive broodstock and conventional broodstock. The captive broodstock strategy involves (1) capture of natural juvenile spring Chinook salmon smolts from the Lostine River, (2) rearing those to adult and spawning them, and (3) rearing the resultant progeny for eventual acclimation and release back into the Lostine River. The conventional broodstock strategy involves (1) capture of natural and hatchery origin adults returning to the Lostine River, (2) holding those adults and spawning them, and (3) rearing the resultant progency for acclimation and release back into the Lostine River. This report focuses on (1) the trapping and collection of adult spring Chinook salmon that return to the Lostine River, which provides the broodstock source for the conventional strategy and (2) the acclimation and release of juvenile spring Chinook salmon produced from the captive broodstock and conventional broodstock strategies. In 2004, acclimation of Lostine River spring Chinook salmon smolts occurred from March 1, 2004 through to April 14, 2004 and a total of 250,249 smolts were acclimated and released. These smolts were produced from the brood year (BY) 2002 egg source and included captive brood (133,781) and conventional (116,468) origin smolts that were all progeny of Lostine River spring Chinook salmon. Operation of the Lostine River adult monitoring and collection facility in 2004 began May 10, the first Chinook was captured on May 19, 2004 and the last Chinook was captured on September 16, 2004. The weir and trap were removed on October 1, 2004. A total of 1,091 adult Chinook, including jacks, were captured during the season. The composition of the run included 299 natural origin fish and 792 hatchery supplementation fish. There were no identified 'stray' hatchery fish from other programs trapped. Of the fish captured, 46 natural and 69 hatchery supplementation adults were retained for broodstock and transported to Lookingglass Hatchery for holding and spawning, 537 adult Chinook were passed or transported above the weir to spawn naturally, and 447 hatchery origin adult Chinook were transported and outplanted in the Wallowa River and Bear Creek to spawn in underseeded habitat. Of the 107 adults retained (eight additional hatchery females were collected and then later returned to the Lostine River to spawn naturally) for broodstock at Lookingglass Hatchery, 22 natural females and 30 supplementation females were represented in spawning. These females produced a total of 221,889 eggs at fertilization. Eye-up was 94.9% which yielded a total of 210,661 conventional program eyed eggs. The fecundity averaged 4,267 eggs per female. These eggs were incubated and at Lookingglass Hatchery until eyed stage and then transferred to Oxbow Hatchery where they will be reared to the fingerling stage. They will then be transported back to LGH and reared to the smolt stage and then transported to the Lostine acclimation facility for release in the spring of 2006. Captive brood program eggs/fish will be added to

Zollman, Richard L.; Eschler, Russell; Sealey, Shawn [Nez Perce Tribe

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

467

Grande Ronde Endemic Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Project; Lostine River Operations and Maintenance 2003 Smolt Acclimation and Adult Return Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nez Perce Tribe (NPT), through funding provided by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), has implemented a Chinook salmon supplementation program (250,000 smolts) on the Lostine River, a tributary to the Grande Ronde River of Oregon. The Grande Ronde Endemic Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation project, which involves supplementation of the Upper Grande Ronde River and Catherine Creek in addition to the Lostine River, was established to prevent extirpation and increase the number of threatened Snake River spring/summer Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) returning to the Grande Ronde River. This report covers the seventh season (1997-2003) of adult Chinook salmon broodstock collection in the Lostine River and the fifth season (1999-2003) of acclimating the resultant progeny. Production of Lostine River spring Chinook salmon smolts currently occurs at Lookingglass Fish Hatchery (LGH). The Lostine River supplementation program utilizes two strategies to obtain egg source for production of smolts for supplementation: captive broodstock and conventional broodstock. The captive broodstock strategy involves (1) capture of natural juvenile spring Chinook salmon smolts from the Lostine River, (2) rearing those to adult and spawning them, and (3) rearing the resultant progeny for eventual acclimation and release back into the Lostine River. The conventional broodstock strategy involves (1) capture of natural and hatchery origin adults returning to the Lostine River, (2) holding those adults and spawning them, and (3) rearing the resultant progeny for acclimation and release back into the Lostine River. This report focuses on (1) the trapping and collection of adult spring Chinook salmon that return to the Lostine River, which provides the broodstock source for the conventional strategy and (2) the acclimation and release of juvenile spring Chinook salmon produced from the captive broodstock and conventional broodstock strategies. In 2003, acclimation of Lostine River spring Chinook salmon smolts occurred from March 3, 2003 through to April 14, 2003 and a total of 242,776 smolts were acclimated and released. These smolts were produced from the brood year (BY) 2001 egg source and included captive broodstock (141,860) and conventional broodstock (100,916) origin smolts that were all progeny of Lostine River spring Chinook salmon. Operation of the Lostine River adult monitoring and collection facility in 2003 began April 30th, the first Chinook was captured on May 16, 2003 and the last Chinook was captured on September 21, 2003. The weir and trap were removed on October 1, 2003. A total of 464 adult Chinook, including jacks, were captured during the season. The composition of the run included 239 natural origin fish and 225 hatchery supplementation fish. There were no identified 'stray' hatchery fish from other programs trapped. Of the fish captured, 45 natural and 4 hatchery supplementation adults were retained for broodstock and transported to LGH for holding and spawning, 366 adult Chinook were passed or transported above the weir to spawn naturally, and 49 hatchery origin adult jack Chinook were transported and outplanted in the Wallowa River and Bear Creek to spawn in underseeded habitat. Of the 49 adults retained for broodstock at Lookingglass Hatchery, 21 natural females and no hatchery origin females were represented in spawning. These females produced a total of 106,609 eggs at fertilization. Eye-up was 95.50% which yielded a total of 101,811 conventional program eyed eggs. The fecundity averaged 5,077 eggs per female. These eggs were incubated and at Lookingglass Hatchery until eyed stage. At eye they were transferred to Oxbow Hatchery where they were reared to the fingerling state at which time they were transported back to LGH until they were smolts in the spring of 2005. Captive brood program eggs/fish will be added to the conventional program eggs to make up the entire juvenile release for the Lostine River program in 2005.

Zollman, Richard L.; Eschler, Russell; Sealey, Shawn [Nez Perce Tribe

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

468

Grande Ronde Endemic Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Project; Lostine River Operations and Maintenance 2007 Smolt Acclimation and Adult Return Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nez Perce Tribe (NPT), through funding provided by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), has implemented a Chinook salmon supplementation program (250,000 smolts) on the Lostine River, a tributary to the Grande Ronde River of Oregon. The Grande Ronde Endemic Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation project, which involves supplementation of the Upper Grande Ronde River and Catherine Creek in addition to the Lostine River, was established to prevent extirpation and increase the number of threatened Snake River spring/summer Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) returning to the Grande Ronde River. This report covers the eleventh season (1997-2007) of adult Chinook salmon broodstock collection in the Lostine River and the ninth season (1999-2007) of acclimation of resulting Lostine River progeny. Production of Lostine River spring Chinook salmon smolts currently occurs at Lookingglass Fish Hatchery (LGH). The Lostine River supplementation program utilizes two strategies to obtain egg source for production of smolts for supplementation: captive broodstock and conventional broodstock. The captive broodstock strategy involves (1) capture of natural juvenile spring Chinook salmon smolts from the Lostine River, (2) rearing those to adult and spawning them, and (3) rearing the resultant progeny for eventual acclimation and release back into the Lostine River. The conventional broodstock strategy involves (1) capture of natural and hatchery origin adults returning to the Lostine River, (2) holding those adults and spawning them, and (3) rearing the resultant progeny for acclimation and release back into the Lostine River. This report focuses on (1) the trapping and collection of adult spring Chinook salmon that return to the Lostine River, which provides the broodstock source for the conventional strategy and (2) the acclimation and release of juvenile spring Chinook salmon produced from the captive broodstock and conventional broodstock strategies In 2007, acclimation of Lostine River spring Chinook salmon smolts occurred from 3/5/07 through to 4/17/07 and a total of 230,010 smolts were acclimated and released. These smolts were produced from the brood year (BY) 2005 egg source and included captive brood (24,604) and conventional (205,406) origin smolts that were all progeny of Lostine River spring Chinook salmon. Operation of the Lostine River adult monitoring and collection facility in 2007 began May 14th. The first Chinook was captured on June 2, 2007 and the last Chinook was captured on September 25, 2007. The weir and trap were removed on October 1, 2007. A total of 637 adult Chinook, including jacks, were captured during the season. The composition of the run included 240 natural origin fish and 397 hatchery supplementation fish. There were no identified 'stray' hatchery fish from other programs trapped. Of the fish captured, 41 natural and 81 hatchery supplementation adults were retained for broodstock and transported to LGH for holding and spawning, 403 adult Chinook were passed or transported above the weir to spawn naturally, and only hatchery origin jack Chinook were transported and outplanted in the Wallowa River and Bear Creek in underseeded habitat. Of the 122 adult fish retained for broodstock, 20 natural females and 40 supplementation females were represented in spawning. The eggs from these females produced a total of 267,350 eggs at fertilization. Eye-up was 86.73% which yielded a total of 231,882 conventional program eyed eggs. The fecundity averaged 4,456 eggs per female. These eggs will be incubated and reared at Lookingglass Hatchery until they are smolts in the spring of 2009. Captive brood program eggs/fish will be added to the conventional program eggs to make up the entire juvenile release for the Lostine River program in 2009. Due to the success of the 2007 egg collection, the number of fish produced exceeded program needs and facility capabilities. As a result, there are plans to outplant fry in 2008 and parr in early 2009 to underseeded habitat in the Wallowa River.

Zollman, Richard L.; Eschler, Russell; Sealey, Shawn [Nez Perce Tribe

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

469

Grande Ronde Endemic Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Project; Lostine River Operations and Maintenance 2006 Smolt Acclimation and Adult Return Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nez Perce Tribe (NPT), through funding provided by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), has implemented a Chinook salmon supplementation program (250,000 smolts) on the Lostine River, a tributary to the Grande Ronde River of Oregon. The Grande Ronde Endemic Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation project, which involves supplementation of the Upper Grande Ronde River and Catherine Creek in addition to the Lostine River, was established to prevent extirpation and increase the number of threatened Snake River spring/summer Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) returning to the Grande Ronde River. This report covers the tenth season (1997-2006) of adult Chinook salmon broodstock collection in the Lostine River and the eighth season (1999-2006) of acclimation of resulting Lostine River progeny. Production of Lostine River spring Chinook salmon smolts currently occurs at Lookingglass Fish Hatchery (LGH). The Lostine River supplementation program utilizes two strategies to obtain egg source for production of smolts for supplementation: captive broodstock and conventional broodstock. The captive broodstock strategy involves (1) capture of natural juvenile spring Chinook salmon smolts from the Lostine River, (2) rearing those to adult and spawning them, and (3) rearing the resultant progeny for eventual acclimation and release back into the Lostine River. The conventional broodstock strategy involves (1) capture of natural and hatchery origin adults returning to the Lostine River, (2) holding those adults and spawning them, and (3) rearing the resultant progeny for acclimation and release back into the Lostine River. This report focuses on (1) the trapping and collection of adult spring Chinook salmon that return to the Lostine River, which provides the broodstock source for the conventional strategy and (2) the acclimation and release of juvenile spring Chinook salmon produced from the captive broodstock and conventional broodstock strategies In 2006, acclimation of Lostine River spring Chinook salmon smolts occurred from February 27, 2006 through to April 10, 2006 and a total of 240,568 smolts were acclimated and released. These smolts were produced from the brood year (BY) 2004 egg source and included captive brood (40,982) and conventional (199,586) origin smolts that were all progeny of Lostine River spring Chinook salmon. Operation of the Lostine River adult monitoring and collection facility in 2006 began May 15th, the first Chinook was captured on June 14, 2006 and the last Chinook was captured on September 27, 2006. The weir and trap were removed on October 1, 2006. A total of 534 adult Chinook, including jacks, were captured during the season. The composition of the run included 205 natural origin fish and 329 hatchery supplementation fish. There were no identified 'stray' hatchery fish from other programs trapped. Of the fish captured, 33 natural and 120 hatchery supplementation adults were retained for broodstock and transported to LGH for holding and spawning and 397 adult Chinook were passed or transported above the weir to spawn naturally. In 2006, no hatchery origin adult Chinook were transported and out planted in the Wallowa River and Bear Creek to spawn in under seeded habitat. In order to meet egg take goals for the conventional portion of the program, a determination was made that approximately 147 adults were needed for broodstock. As a result 16 (8 males and 8 females) of the 153 fish collected for broodstock were returned to the Lostine River to spawn naturally. Females that were spawned and provided the brood source were made up of 12 natural females and 45 supplementation females. One of these females tested positive for high levels of Bacterial Kidney Disease and consequently this females eggs were destroyed. The remaining females produced a total of 241,372 eggs at fertilization. Eye-up was 85.47% which yielded a total of 206,309 conventional program eyed eggs. The fecundity averaged 4,162 eggs per female. The brood year 2006 eggs will be incubated and reared at Lookingglass Hatchery until

Zollman, Richard L.; Eschler, Russell; Sealey, Shawn [Nez Perce Tribe

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

470

Surface structures of Al-Pd-Mn and Al-Cu-Fe icosahedral quasicrystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this dissertation, the author reports on the surface structure of i-Al-Pd-Mn twofold, threefold, fivefold and i-Al-Cu-Fe fivefold surfaces. The LEED studies indicate the existence of two distinct stages in the regrowth of all four surfaces after Ar{sup +} sputtering. In the first stage, upon annealing at relatively low temperature: 500K--800K (depending on different surfaces), a cubic phase appears. The cubic LEED patterns transform irreversibly to unreconstructed quasicrystalline patterns upon annealing to higher temperatures, indicating that the cubic overlayers are metastable. Based upon the data for three chemically-identical, but symmetrically-inequivalent surfaces, a model is developed for the relation between the cubic overlayers and the quasicrystalline substrate. The model is based upon the related symmetries of cubic close-packed and icosahedral-packed materials. These results may be general among Al-rich, icosahedral materials. STM study of Al-Pd-Mn fivefold surface shows that terrace-step-kink structures start to form on the surface after annealing above 700K. Large, atomic ally-flat terraces were formed after annealing at 900K. Fine structures with fivefold icosahedral symmetry were found on those terraces. Data analysis and comparison of the STM images and structure model of icosahedral Al-Pd-Mn suggest that the fine structures in the STM images may be the pseudo Mackay (PMI) clusters which are the structure units of the structure model. Based upon his results, he can conclude that quasicrystalline structures are the stable structures of quasicrystal surfaces. In other words, quasicrystalline structures extend from the bulk to the surface. As a result of the effort reported in this dissertation, he believes that he has increased his understanding of the surface structure of icosahedral quasicrystals to a new level.

Shen, Z.

1999-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

471

Phase transformation during mechano-synthesis of nanocrystalline/amorphous Fe32Mn6Si alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mechano-synthesis of Fe32Mn6Si alloy by mechanical alloying of the elemental powder mixtures was evaluated by running the ball milling process under an inert argon gas atmosphere. In order to characterize the as-milled powders, powder sampling was performed at predetermined intervals from 0.5 to 192 h. X-ray florescence analyzer, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, and high resolution transmission electron microscope were utilized to investigate the chemical composition, structural evolution, morphological changes, and microstructure of the as-milled powders, respectively. According to the results, the nanocrystalline FeMnSi alloys were completely synthesized after 48 h of milling. Moreover, the formation of a considerable amount of amorphous phase during the milling process was indicated by quantitative X-ray diffraction analysis as well as high resolution transmission electron microscopy image and its selected area diffraction pattern. It was found that the ?-to-? and subsequently the amorphous-to-crystalline (especially martensite) phase transformation occurred by milling development. - Graphical abstract: Mechano-synthesis of nanocrystalline/amorphous Fe32Mn6Si shape memory alloys in the powder form: amorphous phase formation, ?-to-? phase transformation, mechano-crystallization of the amorphous, and martensite phase formation during the process. Highlights: During MA, the ?-to-? phase transformation and amorphization occurred. Mechano-crystallization of the amorphous phase occurred at sufficient milling time. The formation of high amount of ?-martensite was evidenced at high milling times. The platelet, spherical, and then irregular particle shapes was extended by MA. By MA, the particles size was increased, then reduced, and afterward re-increased.

Amini, Rasool, E-mail: ramini2002@gmail.com [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Shiraz University of Technology, 71555-313 Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Shamsipoor, Ali [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Shiraz University of Technology, 71555-313 Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ghaffari, Mohammad [Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, UNAM-National Institute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey); Alizadeh, Morteza [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Shiraz University of Technology, 71555-313 Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Okyay, Ali Kemal [Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, UNAM-National Institute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology Bilkent University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

Magnetic and electrical properties of layered magnets Tl(Cr,Mn,Co)Se{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tl(Cr,Mn,Co)Se{sub 2} crystals were synthesized at T {approx} 1050 K. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that TlCrSe{sub 2}, TlMnSe{sub 2}, and TlCoSe{sub 2} compounds crystallize in the hexagonal crystal system with the lattice parameters: a = 3.6999 A, c = 22.6901 A, c/a {approx} 6.133, z = 3, {rho}{sub x} = 6.209 g/cm{sup 3}; a = 6.53 A, c = 23.96 A, c/a {approx} 3.669, z = 8, {rho}{sub x} = 6.71 g/cm{sup 3}; and a = 3.747 A, c = 22.772 A, c/a {approx} 6.077, z = 3, {rho}{sub x} = 7.577 g/cm{sup 3}, respectively. Magnetic and electrical studies in the temperature range from 80-400 K showed that TlCrSe{sub 2} is a semiconductor ferromagnet, TlMnSe{sub 2} is a semiconductor antiferromagnet, and TlCoSe{sub 2} is a ferrimagnet with a conductivity characteristic of metals. A rather large deviation in the experimental effective magnetic moment for TlCrSe{sub 2} (3.05 {mu}B) from the theoretical value (3.85 {mu}B) is attributed to two-dimensional magnetic ordering in the paramagnetic region of the noticeably layered ferromagnet TlCrSe{sub 2}. In TlCrSe{sub 2}, a correlation between magnetic and electrical properties was detected.

Veliyev, R. G.; Sadikhov, R. Z.; Kerimova, E. M., E-mail: ekerimova@physics.ab.az; Asadov, Yu. G.; Jabbarov, A. I. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

Magnetoelastic Coupling and Symmetry Breaking in the Frustrated Antiferromagnet {alpha}-NaMnO{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The magnetic and crystal structures of the {alpha}-NaMnO{sub 2} have been determined by high-resolution neutron powder diffraction. The system maps out a frustrated triangular spin lattice with anisotropic interactions that displays two-dimensional spin correlations below 200 K. Magnetic frustration is lifted through magneto-elastic coupling, evidenced by strong anisotropic broadening of the diffraction profiles at high temperature and ultimately by a structural phase transition at 45 K. In this low-temperature regime a three-dimensional antiferromagnetic state is observed with a propagation vector k=((1/2),(1/2),0)

Giot, Maud [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas, Vassilika Vouton, 71110 Heraklion (Greece); ISIS, Science and Technology Facilities Council, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton-Didcot, OX11 0QX, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); Chapon, Laurent C.; Radaelli, Paolo G. [ISIS, Science and Technology Facilities Council, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton-Didcot, OX11 0QX, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); Androulakis, John; Lappas, Alexandros [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas, Vassilika Vouton, 71110 Heraklion (Greece); Green, Mark A. [NIST Center for Neutron Research, 100 Bureau Drive, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8562 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-2115 (United States)

2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

474

Vacancy dynamic in Ni-Mn-Ga ferromagnetic shape memory alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vacancies control any atomic ordering process and consequently most of the order-dependent properties of the martensitic transformation in ferromagnetic shape memory alloys. Positron annihilation spectroscopy demonstrates to be a powerful technique to study vacancies in NiMnGa alloys quenched from different temperatures and subjected to post-quench isothermal annealing treatments. Considering an effective vacancy type the temperature dependence of the vacancy concentration has been evaluated. Samples quenched from 1173?K show a vacancy concentration of 1100??200?ppm. The vacancy migration and formation energies have been estimated to be 0.55??0.05?eV and 0.90??0.07?eV, respectively.

Merida, D., E-mail: david.merida@ehu.es [Fisika Aplikatua II Saila, Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea UPV/EHU, p.k. 644, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); Elektrizitate eta Elektronika Saila, Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea UPV/EHU, p.k. 644, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); Garca, J. A. [Fisika Aplikatua II Saila, Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea UPV/EHU, p.k. 644, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); BC Materials (Basque Centre for Materials, Application and Nanostructures), 48040 Leioa (Spain); Snchez-Alarcos, V.; Prez-Landazbal, J. I.; Recarte, V. [Departamento de Fsica, Universidad Pblica de Navarra, Campus de Arrosadia, 31006 Pamplona (Spain); Plazaola, F. [Elektrizitate eta Elektronika Saila, Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea UPV/EHU, p.k. 644, 48080 Bilbao (Spain)

2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

475

Spin relaxation time dependence on optical pumping intensity in GaAs:Mn  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze the dependence of electron spin relaxation time on optical pumping intensity in a partially compensated acceptor semiconductor GaAs:Mn using analytic solutions for the kinetic equations of the charge carrier concentrations. Our results are applied to previous experimental data of spin-relaxation time vs. excitation power for magnetic concentrations of approximately 10{sup 17}?cm{sup ?3}. The agreement of our analytic solutions with the experimental data supports the mechanism of the earlier-reported atypically long electron-spin relaxation time in the magnetic semiconductor.

Burobina, V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, 115 South 1400 East, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112-0830 (United States); Binek, Ch. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience, Theodore Jorgensen Hall, 855 North 16th Street, University of Nebraska, P.O. Box 880299, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588-0299 (United States)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

476

Oxidation Characteristics of Fe-18Cr-18Mn-stainless alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Air oxidation studies of Fe-18Cr-18Mn stainless steels were conducted at 525C, 625C, and 725C. Alloys were evaluated with respect to changes in oxidation properties as a result of interstitial additions of nitrogen and carbon and of minor solute additions of silicon, molybdenum, and nickel. Interstitial concentrations possibly had a small, positive effect on oxidation resistance. Minor solute additions significantly improved oxidation resistance but could also reduce interstitial solubility resulting in formation of chromium carbides. Loss of solute chromium resulted in a slight reduction in oxidation protection. Oxidation lasting over 500 hours produced a manganese rich, duplex oxide structure: an outer sesquioxide and an inner spinel oxide.

James Rawers

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Ferromagnetic transition temperature enhancement in (Ga,Mn)As semiconductors by carbon codoping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1829/2003/68~16!/161202~4!/$20.00 68 161202- t in ?Ga,Mn?As semiconductors codoping ,2,4 and A. H. MacDonald2 a? 10, 162 53 Praha 6, Czech Republic y Station C1600, Austin, Texas 78712-0264, USA 2, 182 21 Praha 8, Czech Republic y, College Station, Texas 77843-4242, USA d 13... Society1 RAPID COMMUNICATIONS JUNGWIRTH, MASE? K, SINOVA, AND MacDONALD PHYSICAL REVIEW B 68, 161202~R! ~2003! The above qualitative analysis of formation energies sug- gests that CAs codoping is favorable for achieving high Curie temperatures. Unlike...

Jungwirth, T.; Masek, J.; Sinova, Jairo; MacDonald, AH.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Synthesis and Luminescence of ZnMgS:Mn2+ Nanoparticles. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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479

File:USDA-CE-Production-GIFmaps-MN.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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480

Stabilization of ZnMnO3 Phase from Sol-gel Synthesized Nitrate Precursors .  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBiSiteNeutron Scattering4 By I.| EMSL ZnMnO3 Phase from Sol-gel