Sample records for grams gal gallons

  1. eGallon Methodology

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To help current and potential EV drivers better understand the cost of driving an EV, the Energy Department created a metric called the “electric gallon” -- or “eGallon.” Learn how the eGallon is calculated.

  2. DOE Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons of Contaminated Ground Water DOE Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons of Contaminated Ground Water July...

  3. eGallon | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sure you wantJoin us for|IdahotheWhat is the FOIA ? WhatWorkHolidayseGallon

  4. eGallon | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of Bad Cholesterol Your Density Isn'tMarch 2014l c c f ` b =eGallon

  5. eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This month, we're updating eGallon prices and taking a look at how the U.S. electric vehicle market continues to strengthen.

  6. Fact #676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Gasoline from a Barrel of Oil A standard U.S. barrel contains 42 gallons of crude oil which yields about 44 gallons of petroleum products. The additional 2 gallons of...

  7. Criticality Safety Evaluations on the Use of 200-gram Pu Mass Limit for RHWM Waste Storage Operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chou, P

    2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This work establishes the criticality safety technical basis to increase the fissile mass limit from 120 grams to 200 grams for Type A 55-gallon drums and their equivalents. Current RHWM fissile mass limit is 120 grams Pu for Type A 55-gallon containers and their equivalent. In order to increase the Type A 55-gallon drum limit to 200 grams, a few additional criticality safety control requirements are needed on moderators, reflectors, and array controls to ensure that the 200-gram Pu drums remain criticality safe with inadvertent criticality remains incredible. The purpose of this work is to analyze the use of 200-gram Pu drum mass limit for waste storage operations in Radioactive and Hazardous Waste Management (RHWM) Facilities. In this evaluation, the criticality safety controls associated with the 200-gram Pu drums are established for the RHWM waste storage operations. With the implementation of these criticality safety controls, the 200-gram Pu waste drum storage operations are demonstrated to be criticality safe and meet the double-contingency-principle requirement per DOE O 420.1.

  8. WORD PROBLEMS 1. Suppose your car gets 25 miles per gallon of gasoline and the price of gas is $3.50 per gallon. Write

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koban, Nic

    WORD PROBLEMS 1. Suppose your car gets 25 miles per gallon of gasoline and the price of gas is $3.50 per gallon. Write your monthly gasoline cost C in terms of the distance D that you travel each month

  9. Criticality Safety Analysis on the Mixed Be, Nat-U, and C (Graphite) Reflectors in 55-Gallon Waste Drums and Their Equivalents for HWM Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chou, P

    2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this analysis is to develop and establish the technical basis on the criticality safety controls for the storage of mixed beryllium (Be), natural uranium (Nat-U), and carbon (C)/graphite reflectors in 55-gallon waste containers and/or their equivalents in Hazardous Waste Management (HWM) facilities. Based on the criticality safety limits and controls outlined in Section 3.0, the operations involving the use of mixed-reflector drums satisfy the double-contingency principle as required by DOE Order 420.1 and are therefore criticality safe. The mixed-reflector mass limit is 120 grams for each 55-gallon drum or its equivalent. a reflector waiver of 50 grams is allowed for Be, Nat-U, or C/graphite combined. The waived reflectors may be excluded from the reflector mass calculations when determining if a drum is compliant. The mixed-reflector drums are allowed to mix with the typical 55-gallon one-reflector drums with a Pu mass limit of 120 grams. The fissile mass limit for the mixed-reflector container is 65 grams of Pu equivalent each. The corresponding reflector mass limits are 300 grams of Be, and/or 100 kilograms of Nat-U, and/or 110 kilograms of C/graphite for each container. All other unaffected control parameters for the one-reflector containers remain in effect for the mixed-reflector drums. For instance, Superior moderators, such as TrimSol, Superla white mineral oil No. 9, paraffin, and polyethylene, are allowed in unlimited quantities. Hydrogenous materials with a hydrogen density greater than 0.133 gram/cc are not allowed. Also, an isolation separation of no less than 76.2 cm (30-inch) is required between a mixed array and any other array. Waste containers in the action of being transported are exempted from this 76.2-cm (30-inch) separation requirement. All deviations from the CS controls and mass limits listed in Section 3.0 will require individual criticality safety analyses on a case-by-case basis for each of them to confirm their criticality safety prior to their deployment and implementation.

  10. Neutron Screening Measurements of 110 gallon drums at T Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mozhayev, Andrey V.; Hilliard, James R.; Berg, Randal K.

    2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Nondestructive Assay (NDA) Service Center was contracted to develop and demonstrate a simple and inexpensive method of assaying 110 gallon drums at the Hanford Site’s T-Plant. The drums contained pucks of crushed old drums used for storage of transuranic (TRU) waste. The drums were to be assayed to determine if they meet the criteria for TRU or Low Level Waste (LLW). Because of the dense matrix (crushed steel drums) gamma measurement techniques were excluded and a mobile, configurable neutron system, consisting of four sequentially connected slab detectors was chosen to be used for this application. An optimum measurement configuration was determined through multiple test measurements with californium source. Based on these measurements the initial calibration of the system was performed applying the isotopic composition for aged weapon-grade plutonium. A series of background and blank puck drum measurements allowed estimating detection limits for both total (singles) and coincidence (doubles) counting techniques. It was found that even conservative estimates for minimum detection concentration using singles count rate were lower than the essential threshold of 100 nCi/g. Whereas the detection limit of coincidence counting appeared to be about as twice as high of the threshold. A series of measurements intended to verify the technique and revise the initial calibration obtained were performed at the Waste Receiving and Processing (WRAP) facility with plutonium standards. Standards with a total mass of 0.3 g of plutonium (which is estimated to be equivalent of 100 nCi/g for net waste weight of 300 kg) loaded in the test puck drum were clearly detected. The following measurements of higher plutonium loadings verified the calibration factors obtained in the initial exercise. The revised and established calibration factors were also confirmed within established uncertainties by additional measurements of plutonium standards in various locations in the test drum. Due to necessity to dispense the blank test drum an alternative method of baseline determination was established during field measurements. Count rates of ambient background were corrected by the differences between observed background and blank test drum count rates which were previously determined over a series of measurements. Only 31 drums out of 352 counted during the intensive measurement campaign at T-Plant were determined to be Suspect TRU. 25 of these drums were re-measured at the WRAP facility using the SuperHENC. Of the 25 drums measured, 21 were confirmed to be TRU and the remaining four LLW.

  11. Beyond a Billion: Clean Cities Coaliations Have Displaced More Than a Billion Gallons of Gasoline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2004, DOE's Clean Cities achieved a milestone - displacing the equivalent of more than 1 billion gallons of gasoline since 1994. This fact sheet describes how Clean Cities achieved this goal.

  12. 40 Gallon Challenge issues a call to reduce residential water use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinrich, Katie

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    16 txH2O Fall 2013 Story by Katie Heinrich The #22;#30; Gallon Challenge, a nationwide residential water-conservation program, is helping Texans save water in ways new to them. #29;e continuing drought, coupled with increasing water demands... due to population growth, has elevated the importance of such conservation programs. #29;e program challenges participants to save #22;#30; gallons of water a day by implementing water-conserving practices, said Dr. Diane Boellstor#17;, Texas...

  13. Development of a model for predicting transient hydrogen venting in 55-gallon drums

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Apperson, Jason W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Clemmons, James S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Garcia, Michael D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sur, John C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhang, Duan Z [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Romero, Michael J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Remote drum venting was performed on a population of unvented high activity drums (HAD) in the range of 63 to 435 plutonium equivalent Curies (PEC). These 55-gallon Transuranic (TRU) drums will eventually be shipped to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). As a part of this process, the development of a calculational model was required to predict the transient hydrogen concentration response of the head space and polyethylene liner (if present) within the 55-gallon drum. The drum and liner were vented using a Remote Drum Venting System (RDVS) that provided a vent sampling path for measuring flammable hydrogen vapor concentrations and allow hydrogen to diffuse below lower flammability limit (LFL) concentrations. One key application of the model was to determine the transient behavior of hydrogen in the head space, within the liner, and the sensitivity to the number of holes made in the liner or number of filters. First-order differential mass transport equations were solved using Laplace transformations and numerically to verify the results. the Mathematica 6.0 computing tool was also used as a validation tool and for examining larger than two chamber systems. Results will be shown for a variety of configurations, including 85-gallon and 110-gallon overpack drums. The model was also validated against hydrogen vapor concentration assay measurements.

  14. the impact of industrial biofuels on people and global hunger Meals per gallon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the impact of industrial biofuels on people and global hunger Meals per gallon #12;Contents Executive summary 2 Chapter 1: Introduction 6 Chapter 2: Industrial biofuels ­ the context 8 What's driving the EU industrial biofuel boom? 9 Chapter 3: What's wrong with industrial biofuels? 12 Industrial

  15. Benzene is an important industrial chemical (> 2 billion gallons produced annually in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Benzene is an important industrial chemical (> 2 billion gallons produced annually in the United leukemia (Snyder 2002). However, the mechanisms of benzene-induced hematotoxicity and leukemo- genesis further light on these mechanisms and better understand the risk benzene poses, we examined the effects

  16. A Survey and Taxonomy of GALS Design Styles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemieux, Guy

    A Survey and Taxonomy of GALS Design Styles Paul Teehan, Mark Greenstreet, and Guy Lemieux find the concepts and taxonomy presented here very useful. --Sandeep Shukla, Virginia Tech Figure 1. In this article, we describe some design examples and introduce our taxonomy of these techniques. Taxonomy

  17. Antibacterial Activity of Glutathione-Coated Silver Nanoparticles against Gram Positive and Gram Negative Bacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antibacterial Activity of Glutathione-Coated Silver Nanoparticles against Gram Positive and Gram) coated silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) on model Gram negative and Gram positive bacterial strains colloidal silver in solution, and microbicidal activity was studied when GSH coated Ag NPs are (i) dispersed

  18. Fuel Economy With the price of gasoline at over $3.50 a gallon the fuel economy of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carriquiry, Alicia

    Fuel Economy With the price of gasoline at over $3.50 a gallon the fuel economy of vehicles proposed raising the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFÉ) standard for cars and trucks. In 2004, American cars needed to achieve an average fuel economy of 27.5 miles per gallon (MPG) while light trucks needed

  19. Hazard Detection in a GALS Wrapper: a Case study Christian Stahl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freytag, Johann-Christoph

    Hazard Detection in a GALS Wrapper: a Case study Christian Stahl Humboldt-Universit¨at zu Berlin An asynchronous wrapper of a fabricated GALS system is analyzed for hazards. For this purpose a Petri net based modelling approach of this GALS wrapper is presented. In our model the question whether a hazard can occur

  20. Transformation of gram positive bacteria by sonoporation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yang, Yunfeng; Li, Yongchao

    2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides a sonoporation-based method that can be universally applied for delivery of compounds into Gram positive bacteria. Gram positive bacteria which can be transformed by sonoporation include, for example, Bacillus, Streptococcus, Acetobacterium, and Clostridium. Compounds which can be delivered into Gram positive bacteria via sonoporation include nucleic acids (DNA or RNA), proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, viruses, small organic and inorganic molecules, and nano-particles.

  1. The Gram-Schmidt process in Matlab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The Gram-Schmidt process in Matlab. Yingwei Wang ?. Department of Mathematics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN. Some students said that they could ...

  2. Computational studies of H5N1 hemagglutinin binding with SA-{alpha}-2, 3-Gal and SA-{alpha}-2, 6-Gal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Minyong [Department of Chemistry and Center for Biotechnology and Drug Design, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302-4098 (United States); Wang Binghe [Department of Chemistry and Center for Biotechnology and Drug Design, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302-4098 (United States)]. E-mail: wang@gsu.edu

    2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For influenza H5N1 hemagglutinin, a switch from SA-{alpha}-2, 3-Gal to SA-{alpha}-2, 6-Gal receptor specificity is a critical step leading to the conversion from avian-to-human to human-to-human infection. Therefore, the understanding of the binding modes of SA-{alpha}-2, 3-Gal and SA-{alpha}-2, 6-Gal to H5N1 hemagglutinin will be very important for the examination of possible mutations needed for going from an avian to a human flu virus. Based on the available H5N1 hemagglutinin crystal structure, the binding profiles between H5N1 hemagglutinin and two saccharide ligands, SA-{alpha}-2, 3-Gal and SA-{alpha}-2, 6-Gal, were investigated by ab initio quantum mechanics, molecular docking, molecular mechanics, and molecular dynamics simulations. It was found that SA-{alpha}-2, 3-Gal has strong multiple hydrophobic and hydrogen bond interactions in its trans conformation with H5N1 hemagglutinin, whereas the SA-{alpha}-2, 6-Gal only shows weak interactions in a different conformation (cis type)

  3. The Scale of the Energy Challenge 22,000 gallons of fuel oil 150 tons of coal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochberg, Michael

    and rooftops in the United States. The total land area required by nuclear power plants is small! Ã? 20 15The Scale of the Energy Challenge Biomass Wind Nuclear Solar 22,000 gallons of fuel oil 150 tons

  4. eGallon: Understanding the Cost of Driving EVs | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sureReportsofDepartmentSeriesDepartment ofConstructioneGIS PortaleGallon:

  5. Hi-GAL: the Herschel infrared Galactic Plane Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molinari, S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hi-GAL, the Herschel infrared Galactic Plane Survey, is an Open Time Key Project of the Herschel Space Observatory. It will make an unbiased photometric survey of the inner Galactic Plane by mapping a two-degree wide strip in the longitude range |l|medium. The resulting representative samples will yield the variation of source temperature, luminosity, mass and age in a wide range of Galactic environments at all scales from massive YSOs in protoclusters to entire spiral arms, providing an evolutionary sequence for the formation of intermediate and high-mass stars. This information is essential to the formulation of a predictive global model of the ...

  6. Herschel Hi-GAL imaging of massive young stellar objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olguin, F A; Wheelwright, H E; Clay, S J; de Wit, W -J; Rafiq, I; Pezzuto, S; Molinari, S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We used Herschel Hi-GAL survey data to determine whether massive young stellar objects (MYSOs) are resolved at 70$\\mu$m and to study their envelope density distribution. Our analysis of three relatively isolated sources in the l=30{\\deg} and l=59{\\deg} Galactic fields show that the objects are partially resolved at 70$\\mu$m. The Herschel Hi-GAL survey data have a high scan velocity which makes unresolved and partially resolved sources appear elongated in the 70$\\mu$m images. We analysed the two scan directions separately and examine the intensity profile perpendicular to the scan direction. Spherically symmetric radiative transfer models with a power law density distribution were used to study the circumstellar matter distribution. Single dish sub-mm data were also included to study how different spatial information affects the fitted density distribution. The density distribution which best fits both the 70$\\mu$m intensity profile and SED has an average index of ~0.5. This index is shallower than expected an...

  7. Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon- Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon

  8. Ethanol production in gram-positive microbes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ingram, Lonnie O'Neal (Gainesville, FL); Barbosa-Alleyne, Maria D. F. (Gainesville, FL)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The subject invention concerns the transformation of Gram-positive bacteria with heterologous genes which confer upon these microbes the ability to produce ethanol as a fermentation product. Specifically exemplified is the transformation of bacteria with genes, obtainable from Zymomonas mobilis, which encode pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase.

  9. Ethanol production in Gram-positive microbes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ingram, Lonnie O'Neal (Gainesville, FL); Barbosa-Alleyne, Maria D. F. (Gainesville, FL)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The subject invention concerns the transformation of Gram-positive bacteria with heterologous genes which confer upon these microbes the ability to produce ethanol as a fermentation product. Specifically exemplified is the transformation of bacteria with genes, obtainable from Zymomonas mobilis, which encode pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase.

  10. Ethanol production in Gram-positive microbes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ingram, L.O.; Barbosa-Alleyne, M.D.F.

    1999-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The subject invention concerns the transformation of Gram-positive bacteria with heterologous genes which confer upon these microbes the ability to produce ethanol as a fermentation product. Specifically exemplified is the transformation of bacteria with genes, obtainable from Zymomonas mobilis, which encode pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase. 2 figs.

  11. Methods for targetted mutagenesis in gram-positive bacteria

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yang, Yunfeng

    2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides a method of targeted mutagenesis in Gram-positive bacteria. In particular, the present invention provides a method that effectively integrates a suicide integrative vector into a target gene in the chromosome of a Gram-positive bacterium, resulting in inactivation of the target gene.

  12. Problems #3, Math 204, Dr. M. Bohner. Sep 10, 2003. Due Sep 15, 11 am. 12. A tank has ten gallons of water in which two pounds of salt has been dissolved. Brine with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohner, Martin

    of water in which two pounds of salt has been dissolved. Brine with 1.5 pound of salt per gallon enters

  13. Orthogonal Sets of Vectors and the Gram-Schmidt Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PRETEX (Halifax NS) #1 1054 1999 Mar 05 10:59:16

    2010-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 16, 2007 ... 2007/2/16 page 323 i i i i. 4.12. Orthogonal Sets of Vectors and the Gram-Schmidt Process 323. 16. Using Equation (4.11.11), determine all vectors sat- isfying ?v ...

  14. GAL.BLAYDES-FIRESTONE.DOC 11/19/2008 2:01 PM WIND POWER, WILDLIFE, AND THE MIGRATORY BIRD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    GAL.BLAYDES-FIRESTONE.DOC 11/19/2008 2:01 PM [1167] WIND POWER, WILDLIFE, AND THE MIGRATORY BIRD by discussing the rapid domestic growth of wind power and the implications for turbine-related avian and bat impacts, and then examine other anthropogenic sources of avian mortality. Next, we provide a broad

  15. Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-Gallon Radioactive Liquid Waste Storage Tanks at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bryant, J.W.; Nenni, J.A.; Yoder, T.S.

    2003-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides a record of the Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-gal liquid waste storage tanks and associated equipment at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, as required by U.S. Department of Energy M 435.1-1, ''Radioactive Waste Management Manual.'' This equipment is known collectively as the Tank Farm Facility. The conclusion of this report is that the Tank Farm Facility tanks, vaults, and transfer systems that remain in service for storage are structurally adequate, and are expected to remain structurally adequate over the remainder of their planned service life through 2012. Recommendations are provided for continued monitoring of the Tank Farm Facility.

  16. Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-Gallon Radioactive Liquid Waste Tanks at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bryant, Jeffrey Whealdon; Nenni, Joseph A; Timothy S. Yoder

    2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides a record of the Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-gal liquid waste storage tanks and associated equipment at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, as required by U.S. Department of Energy M 435.1-1, “Radioactive Waste Management Manual.” This equipment is known collectively as the Tank Farm Facility. The conclusion of this report is that the Tank Farm Facility tanks, vaults, and transfer systems that remain in service for storage are structurally adequate, and are expected to remain structurally adequate over the remainder of their planned service life through 2012. Recommendations are provided for continued monitoring of the Tank Farm Facility.

  17. Feasibility study report for the Imperial Valley Ethanol Refinery: a 14. 9-million-gallon-per-year ethanol synfuel refinery utilizing geothermal energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The construction and operation of a 14,980,000 gallon per year fuel ethanol from grain refinery in the Imperial Valley of California is proposed. The Imperial Valley Ethanol Refinery (refinery) will use hot geothermal fluid from geothermal resources at the East Mesa area as the source of process energy. In order to evaluate the economic viability of the proposed Project, exhaustive engineering, cost analysis, and financial studies have been undertaken. This report presents the results of feasibility studies undertaken in geothermal resource, engineering, marketing financing, management, environment, and permits and approvals. The conclusion of these studies is that the Project is economically viable. US Alcohol Fuels is proceeding with its plans to construct and operate the Refinery.

  18. Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-Gallon Radioactive Liquid Waste Storage Tanks at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bryant, Jeffrey W.

    2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides a record of the Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-gal liquid waste storage tanks and associated equipment at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, as required by U.S. Department of Energy M 435.1-1, “Radioactive Waste Management Manual.” This equipment is known collectively as the Tank Farm Facility. This report is an update, and replaces the previous report by the same title issued April 2003. The conclusion of this report is that the Tank Farm Facility tanks, vaults, and transfer systems that remain in service for storage are structurally adequate, and are expected to remain structurally adequate over the remainder of their planned service life through 2012. Recommendations are provided for continued monitoring of the Tank Farm Facility.

  19. aerobic gram-negative bacilli: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    100 Kay, Mark A. 2 Aminoglycoside resistance in clinical Gram-negative isolates from Norway . Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Aminoglycosides represent an...

  20. attenuates gram-negative bacterial: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Justas 2013-01-01 2 Aminoglycoside resistance in clinical Gram-negative isolates from Norway . Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Aminoglycosides represent an...

  1. Large Scale Distributed Acoustic Modeling With Back-off N-grams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    training data: 230B words Order no. n-grams pruning PPL n-gram hit-ratios 3 15M entropy 190 47/93/100 3 7 size 10 -2 10 -1 10 0 10 1 16.5 17 17.5 18 18.5 19 PPL is really well correlated with WER

  2. eGallon-methodology-final

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment of EnergyThePatricia2012) | DepartmentAs a DOEReadyFull

  3. Educational programs of the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service are open to all people without regard to race, color, sex, disability, religion, age, or national origin Fill in the boxes below to find out how many gallons of water you need for your famil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of water per person. F o o d W at e r How many people are in your family? Number of gallons per person HowEducational programs of the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service are open to all people without out how many gallons of water you need for your family's emergency kit! Don't forget to pack

  4. Upgrade of 400,000 gallon water storage tank at Argonne National Laboratory-West to UCRL-15910 high hazard seismic requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffin, M.J. [EQE International, Inc., Irvine, CA (United States); Harris, B.G. [Argonne National Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) Project at Argonne National Laboratory West (ANL-W), it was necessary to strengthen an existing 400,000 gallon flat-bottom water storage tank to meet UCRL-15910 (currently formulated as DOE Standard DOE-STD-1020-92, Draft) high hazard natural phenomena requirements. The tank was constructed in 1988 and preliminary calculations indicated that the existing base anchorage was insufficient to prevent buckling and potential failure during a high hazard seismic event. General design criteria, including ground motion input, load combinations, etc., were based upon the requirements of UCRL-15910 for high hazard facilities. The analysis and capacity assessment criteria were based on the Generic Implementation Procedure developed by the Seismic Qualification Utilities Group (SQUG). Upgrade modifications, consisting of increasing the size of the Generic Implementation Procedure developed by the Seismic Qualification Utilities Group (SQUG). Upgrade modifications, consisting of increasing the size of the foundation and installing additional anchor bolts and chairs, were necessary to increase the capacity of the tank anchorage/support system. The construction of the upgrades took place in 1992 while the tank remained in service to allow continued operation of the EBR-II reactor. The major phases of construction included the installation and testing of 144 1/14in. {times} 15in., and 366 1in. {times} 16in. epoxied concrete anchors, placement of 220 cubic yards of concrete heavily reinforced, and installation of 24 1-1/2in. {times} 60in. tank anchor bolts and chairs. A follow-up inspection of the tank interior by a diver was conducted to determine if the interior tank coating had been damaged by the chair welding. The project was completed on schedule and within budget.

  5. ADtrees for Sequential Data and N-gram Counting Rob Van Dam and Dan Ventura

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Tony R.

    ADtrees for Sequential Data and N-gram Counting Rob Van Dam and Dan Ventura Abstract-- We consider Ventura are with the Department of Com- puter Science, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602 (email: rvan- dam00@gmail.com, ventura@cs.byu.edu) the best smoothing techniques utilize some (often linear

  6. GAL: General animation language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page, Gary Eugene

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for serving on my committee. To gy patient wife. TABLE OF CONTENTS III. IV. VI . INTRODUCTION A CLOSE LOOK AT SOME EXISTING COMPUTER ANIMATION SYSTEMS 1. BEFLIX 2. SOLIDS 3. CAFE 4. GENESYS 5. ANIMATOR 6. LDS-1 Real-Time Highway Dis... 66 71 73 73 75 TABLE OF CONTENTS (cont. ) D. 3. Keyword Symbol Table and Syntax Structure Table 4. Scanner 5. Recogni zer IMPLEMENTATION OF DISPLAY AND GRAPH FILES AND SYSTEM DICTIONARY 1. Di cti onary 2. Adding a Node to a Tree 3...

  7. Language Classification using N-grams Accelerated by FPGA-based Bloom Filters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacob, A; Gokhale, M

    2007-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    N-Gram (n-character sequences in text documents) counting is a well-established technique used in classifying the language of text in a document. In this paper, n-gram processing is accelerated through the use of reconfigurable hardware on the XtremeData XD1000 system. Our design employs parallelism at multiple levels, with parallel Bloom Filters accessing on-chip RAM, parallel language classifiers, and parallel document processing. In contrast to another hardware implementation (HAIL algorithm) that uses off-chip SRAM for lookup, our highly scalable implementation uses only on-chip memory blocks. Our implementation of end-to-end language classification runs at 85x comparable software and 1.45x the competing hardware design.

  8. Extending the length and time scales of Gram–Schmidt Lyapunov vector computations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Costa, Anthony B., E-mail: acosta@northwestern.edu [Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States); Green, Jason R., E-mail: jason.green@umb.edu [Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States); Department of Chemistry, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA 02125 (United States)

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lyapunov vectors have found growing interest recently due to their ability to characterize systems out of thermodynamic equilibrium. The computation of orthogonal Gram–Schmidt vectors requires multiplication and QR decomposition of large matrices, which grow as N{sup 2} (with the particle count). This expense has limited such calculations to relatively small systems and short time scales. Here, we detail two implementations of an algorithm for computing Gram–Schmidt vectors. The first is a distributed-memory message-passing method using Scalapack. The second uses the newly-released MAGMA library for GPUs. We compare the performance of both codes for Lennard–Jones fluids from N=100 to 1300 between Intel Nahalem/Infiniband DDR and NVIDIA C2050 architectures. To our best knowledge, these are the largest systems for which the Gram–Schmidt Lyapunov vectors have been computed, and the first time their calculation has been GPU-accelerated. We conclude that Lyapunov vector calculations can be significantly extended in length and time by leveraging the power of GPU-accelerated linear algebra.

  9. Context-sensitive Spelling Correction Using Google Web 1T 5-Gram Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bassil, Youssef; 10.5539/cis.v5n3p37

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In computing, spell checking is the process of detecting and sometimes providing spelling suggestions for incorrectly spelled words in a text. Basically, a spell checker is a computer program that uses a dictionary of words to perform spell checking. The bigger the dictionary is, the higher is the error detection rate. The fact that spell checkers are based on regular dictionaries, they suffer from data sparseness problem as they cannot capture large vocabulary of words including proper names, domain-specific terms, technical jargons, special acronyms, and terminologies. As a result, they exhibit low error detection rate and often fail to catch major errors in the text. This paper proposes a new context-sensitive spelling correction method for detecting and correcting non-word and real-word errors in digital text documents. The approach hinges around data statistics from Google Web 1T 5-gram data set which consists of a big volume of n-gram word sequences, extracted from the World Wide Web. Fundamentally, the...

  10. Diesel prices top $4 per gallon

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract Management FermiDavidDiesel pricesDiesel prices slightlyDieselDiesel

  11. eGallon Methodology | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sureReportsofDepartmentSeriesDepartment ofConstructioneGIS Portal

  12. SAFETY ANALYSIS REPORT FOR PACKAGING, MODEL 9977, ADDENDUM 3, JUSTIFICATION FOR SMALL GRAM QUANTITY CONTENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abramczyk, G.

    2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This Addendum establishes a new family of content envelopes consisting of small quantities of radioactive materials. These content envelopes and specific packing configurations are shown to be subcritical. However, the dose rates of some payloads must be measured and shown to comply with applicable radiation limits. Authorization for shipment of the content envelop requires acceptance of this Addendum by the DOE-HQ certifying official as a supplement to the 9977 SARP Revision 2 and DOE-HQ?s subsequent revision of the CoC Revision 10 (which is based on SARP Addendum 2 and SARP Addendum 4) to authorize the additional content envelope. The Small Gram Quantity Content Envelopes and packing configurations will be incorporated in the next revision of the 9977 SARP.

  13. A GREEN'S FUNCTION APPROACH FOR DETERMINING DOSE RATES FOR SMALL GRAM QUANTITIES IN SHIPPING PACKAGINGS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nathan, S.

    2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The Small Gram Quantity (SGQ) concept is based on the understanding that small amounts of hazardous materials, in this case radioactive materials (RAM), are significantly less hazardous than large amounts of the same materials. This paper describes a methodology designed to estimate an SGQ for several neutron and gamma emitting isotopes that can be shipped in a package in compliance with 10 CFR Part 71 external radiation level limits regulations. The neutron and photon sources were calculated using both ORIGEN-S and RASTA. The response from a unit source in each neutron and photon group was calculated using MCNP5 with each unshielded and shielded container configuration. Effects of self-shielding on both neutron and photon response were evaluated by including either plutonium oxide or iron in the source region for the case with no shielded container. For the cases of actinides mixed with light elements, beryllium is the bounding light element. The added beryllium (10 to 90 percent of the actinide mass) in the cases studied represents between 9 and 47 percent concentration of the total mixture mass. For beryllium concentrations larger than 50 percent, the increase in the neutron source term and dose rate tend to increase at a much lower rate than at concentrations lower than 50%. The intimately mixed actinide-beryllium form used in these models is very conservative and thus the limits presented in this report are practical bounds on the mass that can be safely shipped. The calculated dose rate from one gram of each isotope was then used to determin the maximum amount of a single isotope that could be shipped in the Model 9977 Package (or packagings having the same or larger external dimensions as well as similar structural materials) and have the external radiation level within the regulatory dose limits at the surface of the package. The estimates of the mass limits presented would also serve as conservative limits for both the Models 9975 and 9978 packages. If a package contains a mixture of isotopes, the acceptability for shipment can be determined by a sum of fractions approach. It should be noted that the SGQ masses presented in this report represent limits that would comply with the external radiation limits under 10CFR Part 71. They do not necessarily bound lower limits that may be required to comply with other factors such as heat load of the package.

  14. PACKAGING CERTIFICATION PROGRAM METHODOLOGY FOR DETERMINING DOSE RATES FOR SMALL GRAM QUANTITIES IN SHIPPING PACKAGINGS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nathan, S.; Loftin, B.; Abramczyk, G.; Bellamy, S.

    2012-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Small Gram Quantity (SGQ) concept is based on the understanding that small amounts of hazardous materials, in this case radioactive materials (RAM), are significantly less hazardous than large amounts of the same materials. This paper describes a methodology designed to estimate an SGQ for several neutron and gamma emitting isotopes that can be shipped in a package compliant with 10 CFR Part 71 external radiation level limits regulations. These regulations require packaging for the shipment of radioactive materials, under both normal and accident conditions, to perform the essential functions of material containment, subcriticality, and maintain external radiation levels within the specified limits. By placing the contents in a helium leak-tight containment vessel, and limiting the mass to ensure subcriticality, the first two essential functions are readily met. Some isotopes emit sufficiently strong photon radiation that small amounts of material can yield a large dose rate outside the package. Quantifying the dose rate for a proposed content is a challenging issue for the SGQ approach. It is essential to quantify external radiation levels from several common gamma and neutron sources that can be safely placed in a specific packaging, to ensure compliance with federal regulations. The Packaging Certification Program (PCP) Methodology for Determining Dose Rate for Small Gram Quantities in Shipping Packagings provides bounding shielding calculations that define mass limits compliant with 10 CFR 71.47 for a set of proposed SGQ isotopes. The approach is based on energy superposition with dose response calculated for a set of spectral groups for a baseline physical packaging configuration. The methodology includes using the MCNP radiation transport code to evaluate a family of neutron and photon spectral groups using the 9977 shipping package and its associated shielded containers as the base case. This results in a set of multipliers for 'dose per particle' for each spectral group. For a given isotope, the source spectrum is folded with the response for each group. The summed contribution from all isotopes determines the total dose from the RAM in the container.

  15. OCR Context-Sensitive Error Correction Based on Google Web 1T 5-Gram Data Set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bassil, Youssef

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the dawn of the computing era, information has been represented digitally so that it can be processed by electronic computers. Paper books and documents were abundant and widely being published at that time; and hence, there was a need to convert them into digital format. OCR, short for Optical Character Recognition was conceived to translate paper-based books into digital e-books. Regrettably, OCR systems are still erroneous and inaccurate as they produce misspellings in the recognized text, especially when the source document is of low printing quality. This paper proposes a post-processing OCR context-sensitive error correction method for detecting and correcting non-word and real-word OCR errors. The cornerstone of this proposed approach is the use of Google Web 1T 5-gram data set as a dictionary of words to spell-check OCR text. The Google data set incorporates a very large vocabulary and word statistics entirely reaped from the Internet, making it a reliable source to perform dictionary-based erro...

  16. Determination of thorium and uranium at the nanogram per gram level in semiconductor potting plastics by neutron activation analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dyer, F.F.; Emery, J.F.; Bate, L.C.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method was developed to determine thorium and uranium in semiconductor potting plastics. The method is based on neutron activation and subsequent radiochemical separation to isolate and permit measurement of the induced /sup 233/Pa and /sup 239/Np. These plastics typically contain macro amounts of silicon, bromine and antimony and nanogram per gram amounts of thorium and uranium. The radiochemical method provides the necessary sensitivity and makes it possible to easily attain adequate decontamination of the tiny amounts of /sup 233/Pa and /sup 239/Np from the high levels of radioactive bromine and antimony. 8 refs.

  17. In vivo metabolism of 2,2 prime -diaminopimelic acid from gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial cells by ruminal microorganisms and ruminants and its use as a marker of bacterial biomass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masson, H.A.; Denholm, A.M.; Ling, J.R. (Univ. College of Wales (United Kingdom))

    1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cells of Bacillus megaterium GW1 and Escherichia coli W7-M5 were specifically radiolabeled with 2,2{prime}-diamino (G-{sup 3}H) pimelic acid (({sup 3}H)DAP) as models of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, respectively. Two experiments were conducted to study the in vivo metabolism of 2,2{prime}-diaminopimelic acid (DAP) in sheep. In experiment 1, cells of ({sup 3}H)DAP-labeled B. megaterium GW1 were infused into the rumen of one sheep and the radiolabel was traced within microbial samples, digesta, and the whole animal. Bacterially bound ({sup 3}H)DAP was extensively metabolized, primarily (up to 70% after 8 h) via decarboxylation to ({sup 3}H)lysine by both ruminal protozoa and ruminal bacteria. Recovery of infused radiolabel in urine and feces was low (42% after 96 h) and perhaps indicative of further metabolism by the host animal. In experiment 2, ({sup 3}H)DAP-labeled B. megaterium GW1 was infused into the rumens of three sheep and ({sup 3}H)DAP-labeled E. coli W7-W5 was infused into the rumen of another sheep. The radioactivity contents of these mutant bacteria were insufficient to use as tracers, but the metabolism of DAP was monitored in the total, free, and peptidyl forms. Free DAP, as a proportion of total DPA in duodenal digesta, varied from 0 to 9.5%, whereas peptidyl DAP accounted for 8.3 to 99.2%.

  18. Practice for Exam 1 Math 3400 -Intro to Differential Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cascaval, Radu C.

    contains 100 gal of brine containing 50 lb of salt. Brine containing 1 lb of salt per gallon enters the tank at a rate of 5 gals/s, and the well mixed brine in the tank flows out at a rate of 3 gal/s. How much salt will be the tank contain when it is full of brine? Problem 5. [Population model] Consider

  19. ENGINEERING GRaduatE PRoGRams Biological SyStemS engineering Biomedical engineering chemical engineering civil and environmental engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    ENGINEERING GRaduatE PRoGRams Biological SyStemS engineering § Biomedical engineering § chemical engineering § civil and environmental engineering computer Science § electrical and computer engineering § materialS Science and engineering mechanical and aeronautical engineering § tranSportation technology

  20. Space-time properties of Gram-Schmidt vectors in classical Hamiltonian evolution Jason R. Green,1,2,3,* Julius Jellinek,2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, R. Stephen

    Space-time properties of Gram-Schmidt vectors in classical Hamiltonian evolution Jason R. Green,1 tangent space directions play equivalent roles in the local chaotic motions of classical Hamiltonian many vectors, whose statistical properties may depend on the chosen phase space-time domain of a trajec- tory

  1. Chemical Name Company Quantiy Amount Units Estimated value 1,1,1 TRIFLUROETHANE 99% Aldrich 1 10 grams $14.50

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    $92.40 CALCIUM HYDROXIDE Mallinckrodt 2 500 g $170.60 CALCIUM LACTATE PENTAHYDRATE Sigma 1 250 grams DIHYDRATE Mallinckrodt 1 500 g $206.25 CUPRIC SULFATE Fischer Scientific 2 500 g $143.76 CUPRIC SULFATE 1 100 g $14.20 MAGNESIUM CARBONATE Allied Chemical 1 1 lb $30.10 METHYL ETHYL KETONE Mallinkrodt 2

  2. Accentuate the (Gram) positive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizet, Victor

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    strains of S. aureus (MRSA), once restricted to hospitalmethicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in 2005 and that 20%the prevalent community-acquired MRSA clones to a coordinate

  3. ARM - Instrument - grams

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006Datastreamstwrcam40m DocumentationJanuary 9,govInstrumentsdlgovInstrumentsgp Documentation Comments?

  4. Shielded Payload Containers Will Enhance the Safety and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) · External dimensions = 55-gal drum, internal capacity for a standard 30-gallon drum · Transport in 3-pack within ICV · 6.5 inch crush of bottom end axial dunnage and aluminum honeycomb spacer equates

  5. Definition of Small Gram Quantity Contents for Type B Radioactive Material Transportation Packages: Activity-Based Content Limitations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sitaraman, S; Kim, S; Biswas, D; Hafner, R; Anderson, B

    2010-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the 1960's, the Department of Transportation Specification (DOT Spec) 6M packages have been used extensively for transportation of Type B quantities of radioactive materials between Department of Energy (DOE) facilities, laboratories, and productions sites. However, due to the advancement of packaging technology, the aging of the 6M packages, and variability in the quality of the packages, the DOT implemented a phased elimination of the 6M specification packages (and other DOT Spec packages) in favor of packages certified to meet federal performance requirements. DOT issued the final rule in the Federal Register on October 1, 2004 requiring that use of the DOT Specification 6M be discontinued as of October 1, 2008. A main driver for the change was the fact that the 6M specification packagings were not supported by a Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) that was compliant with Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations part 71 (10 CFR 71). Therefore, materials that would have historically been shipped in 6M packages are being identified as contents in Type B (and sometimes Type A fissile) package applications and addenda that are to be certified under the requirements of 10 CFR 71. The requirements in 10 CFR 71 include that the Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) must identify the maximum radioactivity of radioactive constituents and maximum quantities of fissile constituents (10 CFR 71.33(b)(1) and 10 CFR 71.33(b)(2)), and that the application (i.e., SARP submittal or SARP addendum) demonstrates that the external dose rate (due to the maximum radioactivity of radioactive constituents and maximum quantities of fissile constituents) on the surface of the packaging (i.e., package and contents) not exceed 200 mrem/hr (10 CFR 71.35(a), 10 CFR 71.47(a)). It has been proposed that a 'Small Gram Quantity' of radioactive material be defined, such that, when loaded in a transportation package, the dose rates at external points of an unshielded packaging not exceed the regulatory limits prescribed by 10 CFR 71 for non-exclusive shipments. The mass of each radioisotope presented in this paper is limited by the radiation dose rate on the external surface of the package, which per the regulatory limit should not exceed 200 mrem/hr. The results presented are a compendium of allowable masses of a variety of different isotopes (with varying impurity levels of beryllium in some of the actinide isotopes) that, when loaded in an unshielded packaging, do not result in an external dose rate on the surface of the package that exceeds 190 mrem/hr (190 mrem/hr was chosen to provide 5% conservatism relative to the regulatory limit). These mass limits define the term 'Small Gram Quantity' (SGQ) contents in the context of radioactive material transportation packages. The term SGQ is isotope-specific and pertains to contents in radioactive material transportation packages that do not require shielding and still satisfy the external dose rate requirements. Since these calculated mass limits are for contents without shielding, they are conservative for packaging materials that provide some limited shielding or if the contents are placed into a shielded package. The isotopes presented in this paper were chosen as the isotopes that Department of Energy (DOE) sites most likely need to ship. Other more rarely shipped isotopes, along with industrial and medical isotopes, are planned to be included in subsequent extensions of this work.

  6. Technical Review Report for the Justification for 9975 Gram Based Content Envelopes, C.10 and C.11

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    West, M

    2009-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) desires to ship Model 9975-85 and Model 9975-96 Packages loaded with Pu/U metal and Pu/U oxide materials as identified in new Content Envelopes C.10 and C.11. The new Content Envelopes C.10 and C.11 consist of radioisotopes and impurities that are similar to the existing C.3, Pu/U metal, and C.4, Pu/U oxide, Content Envelopes but that list the radioisotopes as gram values in lieu of the existing weight percent of radioactive material mass values listed for the C.3 and C.4 Content Envelopes. Authorization for shipment requires acceptance of this report by the DOE-Headquarters (HQ) Certifying Official (EM-10/EM-2) as an Addendum to WSRC-SA-2002-00008, Revision 0, S-SARA-G-00001, Addendum 1, Revision 0, and S-SARA-G-00002 Addendum 2, Revision 1, of the Model 9975-85 Package Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP). This Addendum also applies to S-SARP-G-00003, Revision 0, of the Model 9975-96 Package SARP. These documents are collectively referred to as the existing Model 9975 Package SARP. The safety basis described addresses specific supplements to the currently approved safety basis. Justification is made for shipping the new Content Envelopes C.10 and C.11 under this Addendum. Following acceptance of this Addendum by EM-10/EM-2 and subsequent revision to the current Certificates of Compliance (CoCs), the new contents will be authorized for shipment in the Model 9975 Package. The new Content Envelopes will be incorporated into the next revision to the Model 9975-85 and Model 9975-96 Package SARPs.

  7. REVIEW FOR MT3 ANSWER KEY MATH 2373, FALL 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Greg W.

    Problem 6 We consider two brine tanks. Initially: · Tank A contains 150 gallons of water and 37 pounds of salt. · Tank B contains 250 gallons of water and 43 pounds of salt. Starting at time t = 0: · Brine at a concentration 3 lb gal of salt is pumped at 5 gal min into tank A. · Brine is pumped from tank A to tank B

  8. REVIEW FOR MT3 MATH 2373, FALL 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Greg W.

    two brine tanks. Initially: · Tank A contains 150 gallons of water and 37 pounds of salt. · Tank B contains 250 gallons of water and 43 pounds of salt. Starting at time t = 0: · Brine at a concentration 3 lb gal of salt is pumped at 5 gal min into tank A. · Brine is pumped from tank A to tank B at a rate

  9. Blending Of Radioactive Salt Solutions In Million Gallon Tanks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leishear, Robert A.; Lee, Si Y.; Fowley, Mark D.; Poirier, Michael R.

    2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Research was completed at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to investigate processes related to the blending of radioactive, liquid waste, salt solutions in 4920 cubic meter, 25.9 meter diameter storage tanks. One process was the blending of large salt solution batches (up to 1135 ? 3028 cubic meters), using submerged centrifugal pumps. A second process was the disturbance of a settled layer of solids, or sludge, on the tank bottom. And a third investigated process was the settling rate of sludge solids if suspended into slurries by the blending pump. To investigate these processes, experiments, CFD models (computational fluid dynamics), and theory were applied. Experiments were performed using simulated, non-radioactive, salt solutions referred to as supernates, and a layer of settled solids referred to as sludge. Blending experiments were performed in a 2.44 meter diameter pilot scale tank, and flow rate measurements and settling tests were performed at both pilot scale and full scale. A summary of the research is presented here to demonstrate the adage that, ?One good experiment fixes a lot of good theory?. Experimental testing was required to benchmark CFD models, or the models would have been incorrectly used. In fact, CFD safety factors were established by this research to predict full-scale blending performance. CFD models were used to determine pump design requirements, predict blending times, and cut costs several million dollars by reducing the number of required blending pumps. This research contributed to DOE missions to permanently close the remaining 47 of 51 SRS waste storage tanks.

  10. Energy Department Releases Updated eGallon Prices as Electric...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    market continues to grow, electric vehicles will play a key role in our effort to reduce air pollution and slow the effects of climate change." Plug-In Electric Vehicle Sales...

  11. Blending of Radioactive Salt Solutions in Million Gallon Tanks - 13002

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leishear, Robert A.; Lee, Si Y.; Fowley, Mark D.; Poirier, Michael R. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken. S.C., 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken. S.C., 29808 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research was completed at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to investigate processes related to the blending of radioactive, liquid waste, salt solutions in 4920 cubic meter, 25.9 meter diameter storage tanks. One process was the blending of large salt solution batches (up to 1135 - 3028 cubic meters), using submerged centrifugal pumps. A second process was the disturbance of a settled layer of solids, or sludge, on the tank bottom. And a third investigated process was the settling rate of sludge solids if suspended into slurries by the blending pump. To investigate these processes, experiments, CFD models (computational fluid dynamics), and theory were applied. Experiments were performed using simulated, non-radioactive, salt solutions referred to as supernates, and a layer of settled solids referred to as sludge. Blending experiments were performed in a 2.44 meter diameter pilot scale tank, and flow rate measurements and settling tests were performed at both pilot scale and full scale. A summary of the research is presented here to demonstrate the adage that, 'One good experiment fixes a lot of good theory'. Experimental testing was required to benchmark CFD models, or the models would have been incorrectly used. In fact, CFD safety factors were established by this research to predict full-scale blending performance. CFD models were used to determine pump design requirements, predict blending times, and cut costs several million dollars by reducing the number of required blending pumps. This research contributed to DOE missions to permanently close the remaining 47 of 51 SRS waste storage tanks. (authors)

  12. Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian NuclearandJunetrack graphics4Dimitri Kusnezov -Purpose(FY) 2014,News

  13. UNIVERSITYOFSOUTHCAROLINACAMPUSRECREATIONCAMPUSREC.SC.EDU Gallons of paper and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    by Outdoor Recreation March 1- 31 128 Total visits to Campus Recreation Facilities March 1­ 31 91,887 AprilTours of Campus Recreation facilities from March 1 ­ 31 113Participants in Intramural Sports March Madness Bracket Challenge Abandoned Bike Project Sees New Success The March Abandoned Bike Project Clinic

  14. Transportation of a 40-year-old reactive mixed waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dietz, C.G. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Now a national landmark, Experimental Breeder Reactor-I was the worlds first nuclear reactor to produce a usable amount of commercial electricity in 1951. It is located on the Arco desert in Eastern Idaho at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). In 1955, the reactor experienced a cooling accident that resulted in core damage and a partial meltdown of the reactor, which left a serious cleanup challenge that had not been addressed until recently. The EBR-I reactor used liquid metal sodium-potassium (NaK) as a coolant because it is eutectic; that is, it remains a liquid at the lowest possible temperature and was a very effective coolant. NaK looks very much like mercury out of a thermometer. However, NaK is reactive and will burn in the presence of air (absorbing moisture from it) and is extremely reactive in direct contact with water, producing hydrogen. Furthermore, this highly reactive coolant was radioactively contaminated from the accident. Most of the radioactively contaminated NaK was processed and disposed of in 1955. However, approximately 180 gal of residual contaminated NaK remained because of the possibility it contained 10 1-gram foils of plutonium, which were in the reactor core at the time of the meltdown. This NaK was stored in four containers: two 55-gallon stainless steel transportation drums, one 60-gallon carbon steel container (used as a transfer vessel), and one 10-gallon carbon steel container (used to store radioactively contaminated water). This paper describes the transport of this waste from its temporary storage bunker to Argonne National Laboratory West for final treatment and preparation for disposal.

  15. Reducing the Detection Limit for Tetraphenylborate in Tank 50H Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WHITE, THOMASL.

    2004-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    SRTC personnel are developing a technique that can determine the concentration of tetraphenylborate (TPB) at 300 grams in 100,000 gallons of salt solution (0.8 mg/L) in the presence of0.378 Ci/gal of Cs-137. The current High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) method of analysis can determine the TPB concentration at 5 mg/L and higher. The limit of quantitation was lowered by modification of the sample preparation steps. The HPLC sample preparation method currently used requires neutralization of the tank waste sample followed by extraction with acetonitrile. This method dilutes the tank waste sample 6.5 to 1 increasing the limit of quantitation. The method described in this report concentrates the sample two-fold lowering the limit of quantitation from 5 mg/L to 0.25mg/L. Researchers used solvent extraction of undiluted tank waste to isolate, and concentrate (two-fold) samples of tank supernate and Plant Inhibited Water (PIW) that simulated tank supernate at the cesium level of approximately 0.3 Ci/gal. The 137Cs content in the tank supernate measured 0.65 Ci/gal prior to a two-fold dilution with PIW. The concentration of the TPB was determined by HPLC on a reversed-phase HPLC column using methanol, acetonitrile, and buffered water as the mobile phase. Important Findings: The 0.8 mg/L quantitation limit was met in the presence of radioactive cesium. A 93 per cent reduction in activity in the acetonitrile layer was achieved. A five-mL acetonitrile aliquot from the extraction of a tank waste sample containing 0.378 Ci/gal of Cs-137 could be handled in a radiological hood and comply with the less than 5 mR/hr hood limit. This method is applicable to tank waste solutions of high ionic strength (greater than 2.0 M Na). The ionic strength of tank waste solutions of low ionic strength will need to be adjusted by the addition of NaOH or 5.6 M average salt solution to facilitate the formation of two layers (organic and aqueous). Increasing the ionic strength of tank waste samples by blending in a high ionic strength solution will raise the limit of quantitation.

  16. Formal Semantics, Compilation and Execution of the GALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    programming, dynamic reconfiguration, weak mobility, formal model of computation, semantics, CSP, -calculus only a partial formal semantics. We believe that formal semantics is essential for faithful compilation

  17. eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    look at year-on-year growth instead of month-to-month growth to determine market dynamics. July exhibits some of that same seasonality for the electric vehicle (EV) market....

  18. EV Sales Skyrocketing. eGallon Holds Steady. | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian NuclearandJunetrack graphics4DimitriJune 30, 2015Vehicles |

  19. Energy Department Releases Updated eGallon Prices as Electric Vehicle Sales

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian NuclearandJunetrackEllen O'KaneSystemsDepartmentCarbonAll 50 States

  20. eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sure you wantJoin us for|IdahotheWhat is the FOIA ? WhatWorkHolidays

  1. SRS Workers Moved Millions of Gallons of High-Level Waste Safely in 2014 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy atLLC - FE DKT. 10-160-LNG - ORDER 2913||

  2. eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sureReportsofDepartmentSeriesDepartment ofConstructioneGIS

  3. eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of Bad Cholesterol Your Density Isn'tMarch 2014l c c f ` b =

  4. Fact #676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons of Gasoline

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment ofDepartment of Energy 0: April 11,4: May 9,from a

  5. Fact #809: December 23, 2013 What Do We Pay for in a Gallon of Gasoline? |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment ofDepartment ofofChoicesDepartmentDepartment of

  6. DOE Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJulyD&DDepartmentContaminated Ground Water | Department of

  7. Workers Pour 1 Million Gallons of Grout into Massive Tanks | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2Uranium TransferonUS-IndiaVALUEWaterWhereChinn WomenWorker

  8. Gasoline price forecast to stay below 3 dollar a gallon in 2015

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin:DeploymentSite Name: Email:UraniumNatural Gas Survey

  9. Workers Pour 1 Million Gallons of Grout into Massive Tanks | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads|ofEvents »SSL

  10. Reducing Petroleum, One Billion Gallons at a Time | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptember 2010InJanuary 29, 2013RedbirdThis hybrid electric Prius

  11. U.S. gasoline price expected to drop further below $3 per gallon

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heatingintensityArea:diesel6, 2015Declining fuel

  12. U.S. gasoline price expected to drop further below $3 per gallon

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heatingintensityArea:diesel6, 2015Declining

  13. U.S. gasoline price expected to drop further below $3 per gallon

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heatingintensityArea:diesel6, 2015DecliningU.S.

  14. The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity? | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMayDepartmentTest for PumpingThe Facts onDepartmentTheof Energy The

  15. Energy Department Releases Updated eGallon Prices as Electric Vehicle Sales

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisoryStandard |in STEMEnergy Clean Energy FinanceEPA Air

  16. How Much Energy Does It Take to Make a Gallon of Soydiesel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School football Highdefault SignInstitute /Do WindWorksMight aDo You

  17. "Table 11. Fuel Economy, Selected Survey Years (Miles Per Gallon)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments; Unit:1996.......... 2.4Origin7,1,195,"AlabamaFuel

  18. The Gram dimension of a graph

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    matrices with applications, e.g., to sensor network localization and molecular conformation in chemistry ...... thesis, Stanford, 2007. 22. A. Man-Cho So and Y. Ye.

  19. Accentuate the (Gram) positive Victor Nizet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizet, Victor

    than a dozen countries to present cutting edge investigations on the virulence mechanisms of the University of Pennsylvania proposes that many of the virulence factors promoting invasive SPN infection them, such as binding of the laminin receptor by SPN adhesin CbpA and binding of the platelet activating factor receptor

  20. Subsurface drip systems for land application of residential wastewater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neal, Byron Anthony

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    classification of the most restrictive soil layer ranging between 4. 12 I/m /day (0. 1 gal/ft /day) for class IV (clay) soils to 20. 6 Vm /day (0. 50 gaV ft /day) for class Ia (sand/gravel) soils (TNRCC, 1997). Texas's design criteria for hydraulic loading... gallons) of wastewater per day. The soil type used for designing the subsurface drip system is a sandy clay loam (type III, 30 TAC Chapter 285, 1997). From the TNRCC (1995) regulations, the hydraulic application rate is 8. 15 I/m /day (0. 20 gal/ft /day...

  1. Elucidation of Functional Groups on Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacterial Surfaces Using Infrared

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Bess

    important role in different biogeochemical processes, including contaminant trans- port and degradation,1,2 mineral dissolution and precipi- tation,3 and metal sorption by minerals and their redox transformations.4 these bacterial reactions. In addition, bacterial transport through porous media, adhesion to minerals

  2. U.S. summer gasoline price to average 6 cents lower than last year at $3.63 a gallon

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 Oil demand expected to risesummer

  3. U.S. diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer at $3.94 a gallon

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heatingintensityArea: U.S. Eastdieseldiesel

  4. FM006_r1_10_Material Request.doc 03/10/09 CNS Material Request Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to fill out the Form: 3.1. Complete Material Name: Chemical/material/product name that is on the bottle (i.2. Container Type & Size: how will material be brought into lab and how stored. For example, 4 liter glass bottle, 5 gram syringe, one gallon plastic ... 3.5. Proposed Date to Bring into Lab: What date do you

  5. Liquid and Gaseous Waste Operations Project Annual Operating Report CY 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maddox, J.J.; Scott, C.B.

    2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A total of 5.77 x 10 7 gallons (gal) of liquid waste was decontaminated by the Process Waste Treatment Complex (PWTC) - Building 3544 ion exchange system during calendar year (CY) 1999. This averaged to 110 gpm throughout the year. An additional 3.94 x 10 6 gal of liquid waste (average of 8 gpm throughout the year) was decontaminated using the zeolite treatment system due to periods of high Cesium levels in the influent wastewater. A total of 6.17 x 10 7 gal of liquid waste (average of 118 gpm throughout the year) was decontaminated at Building 3544 during the year. During the year, the regeneration of the ion exchange resins resulted in the generation of 8.00 x 10 3 gal of Liquid Low-Level Waste (LLLW) concentrate and 9.00 x 10 2 gal of LLLW supernate. See Table 1 for a monthly summary of activities at Building 3544. Figure 1 shows a diagram of the Process Waste Collection and Transfer System and Figure 2 shows a diagram of the Building 3544 treatment process. Figures 3, 4 5, and 6 s how a comparison of operations at Building 3544 in 1997 with previous years. Figure 7 shows a comparison of annual rainfall at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) since 1995.

  6. BLIND HARMONIC ADAPTIVE DECOMPOSITION APPLIED TO SUPERVISED SOURCE Benoit Fuentes, Roland Badeau, Gal Richard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    BLIND HARMONIC ADAPTIVE DECOMPOSITION APPLIED TO SUPERVISED SOURCE SEPARATION Benoit Fuentes through an algorithm called Blind Harmonic Adaptive Decomposition (BHAD). This algorithm provides [1]. However, performing this task in a completely blind way remains challenging, basically due

  7. Modeling Reciprocal Behavior in Human Bilateral Negotiation Ya'akov Gal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeffer, Avi

    that interact with people over time. It proposes a model for predicting peo- ple's actions in multiple bilateral significantly improves the predictive power of the model, en- abling it to outperform alternative models that do that computers that interact with people need to represent and to learn the social factors that affect people

  8. The Case for Semantic Aware Remote Replication Xiaotao Liu, Gal Niv, K.K. Ramakrishnan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Kathleen

    efficiency and safe remote replication with tight recovery-point and recovery-time objectives. Using sys- tems is a high priority. However, these desirable proper- ties come at a price. First, because

  9. galsC: A Language for Event-Driven Embedded Systems Elaine Cheong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    checking and code generation. Having a well-structured concurrency model at the application level greatly assembly code to achieve a fast response and a small memory footprint, do not scale with the growing). This work was supported in part by an Intel Open Collaborative Research Fellowship, PARC (Palo Alto Research

  10. alpha 1-3gal beta: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Yu. G. Zdesenko 2004-04-13 7 Alpha Backgrounds and Their Implications for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments Using HPGe Detectors Physics Websites Summary: Alpha...

  11. The Economic Consequences of Sharing Security Information Esther Gal-Or1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camp, L. Jean

    Information technology (IT) security has emerged as an important issue in the last decade. To promote the disclosure and sharing of cyber-security information amongst firms, the US federal government has encouraged-commerce con- tinues to grow, so does cyber crime. According to Jupiter Media Metrix, cyber-security issues

  12. CECS Seminar Series "Evaluating GALS Systems for System Integration-Outlook and Future Prospects"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinozuka, Masanobu

    for secure energy efficient wireless sensor nodes. In this context the possibilities for energy reduction.Sc. degree in Electrical Engineering at Faculty of Electronic Eng. Nis, Serbia in 2001, and his Dr

  13. Power Law Discounting for N-Gram Language Models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an approximation to the Bayesian hierarchical Pitman-Yor process language model which maintains the power law distribution over word tokens, while not requiring a computationally expensive approximate inference process. This approximation...

  14. Selective Gram-Schmidt orthonormalization for conic cutting surface ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 29, 2006 ... basesv@verizon.net. November .... the zero vector. If the added ...... potential function, since the optimal value of ?PD(x, s) is zero. This upper ...

  15. Elec 331 -EKG, EEG & EMG Electro-Kardio-Gram

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pulfrey, David L.

    measurement (not a physical probe) ­ Unipolar (PD between electrode & physical or virtual ground) ­ Bipolar (PD between two electrodes) SRC: PNP, p.408 Einthoven's Triangle · Electrodes ­ RA, LA, LL ­ RL, C ur r Y-axis of EKG (X-axis = time) 6-Lead EKG (5 Electrodes) · Bipolar ­ Convention makes signal

  16. Parallel Sparse Modi ed Gram-Schmidt QR Decomposition ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Touriño, Juan

    cx=0; cxcx++) f Obtain px, cx #20; px , such that norm px = max cx#20;jcx; break; g else swap (norm cx ; col cx of M and R), (norm px ; col px of M and R); (4) r cx cx = p norm cx ; (5) for (i=0; i

  17. Structural thermal noise in gram-scale mirror oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neben, Abraham Richard

    The thermal noise associated with mechanical dissipation is a ubiquitous limitation to the sensitivity of precision experiments ranging from frequency stabilization to gravitational wave interferometry. We report on the ...

  18. On Automatic Plagiarism Detection Based on n-Grams Comparison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    ´ecnica de Valencia, Spain {lbarron,prosso}@dsic.upv.es http://www.dsic.upv.es/grupos/nle/ Abstract. When on the basis of flexible search strategies (able to detect plagiarised fragments M. Boughanem et al. (Eds

  19. Orthogonal Sets of Vectors and the Gram-Schmidt Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PRETEX (Halifax NS) #1 1054 1999 Mar 05 10:59:16

    2010-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 16, 2007 ... in V . Problems 33–38 explore this concept in some detail. Deeper applications can be found in Project 1 at the end of this chapter. 33.

  20. Hobbes: optimized gram-based methods for efficient read alignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmadi, A.; Behm, A.; Honnalli, N.; Li, C.; Weng, L.; Xie, X.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mapping programs, including Bowtie, BWA, mrsFast and RazerS.five times faster than Bowtie and about 2–10 times fasterto encode their trie, e.g. Bowtie (3), BWA (4), SOAP2 (5).

  1. Universal Gene Transfer Technology for Gram Positive Bacteria - Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrinceton Plasma Physics Lab UniqueFeet) YearInnovation

  2. The Ashland tank collapse

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prokop, J.

    1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The estimated 3.9-million-gallon diesel oil spill from a collapsed storage tank at the Floreffe, Pa., terminal of Ashland Oil Co. has received a lot of attention, and for good reason. On Jan. 2, 1988 a 40-year-old, 48-ft-high, 120-ft-in diameter, reassembled tank suddenly ruptured and emptied its contents in a massive inland-water way fuel spill. An EPA-estimated 750,000 gallons washed over the 10-foot-high dike (with a holding capacity 110 percent that of the tank) into a drainage system on adjacent property to storm sewers that eventually empty into the Monongahela River, which runs into the Ohio River. More than 180,000 gal were recovered by cleanup, while 2.5 to 3.1 MMgal were contained by the tank farm's dike system.

  3. The Future of Corn-Ethanol in Fuel Sector of United States from Environmental and Economic Standpoint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tulva, Arya Nath

    2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    per gallon to the cost. ? Corn production in the U.S. erodes soil about 12 times faster than the soil can be reformed and irrigating corn mines groundwater 25 percent faster than the natural recharge rate of ground water. The environmental system...-products. Shapouri and Graboski estimates NEV of 16,193 Btu/gal. They indicate that ethanol production utilizes abundant domestic energy supplies of coal and natural gas to convert corn into a premium liquid fuel that can replace petroleum imports by a factor of 7...

  4. Spray Calendar.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanborn, C. E. (Charles Emerson)

    1908-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . .................................. Kerosene .2 gals. Shave the soap fine and thoroughly dissolve in the boiling water; add the two gallons of kerosene, away from the fire. Thoroughly emul- sify by pumping or churning it. (See pump, Figure 7, frontispiece.) When ~roperly emulsified... and moist. XIX. TRAP LIGHTS. Nocturnal insects, such as June bugs and other beetles, also millers and many of the smaller insects, are attracted to lights on warm muggy nights. If lights are placed over barrels or tubs of water with a pint of kerosene...

  5. How much do I pay? Our state gas tax is 20 per gallon. The average driver pays $9.52 a month in state fuel taxes. Of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in state fuel taxes. Of this, a nickel goes to public education. The monthly net to the highway fund is $7 $100 $150 $200 $250 $300 $350 $400 $450 $500 California Florida Louisiana New Mexico Oklahoma Texas the 2030 Committee Report. Utilities $265 (includes gas, electricity, wastewater and garbage collection

  6. Thermoelectric-power water withdrawals by cooling type, 2005. [Values may not sum to totals because of independent rounding. All values are in million gallons per day

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thermoelectric-power water withdrawals by cooling type, 2005. [Values may not sum to totals because,190 5,850 .33 .01 0 273 273 New Mexico.............. 0 0 0 0 0 10.4 0 45.5 0 55.9 New York

  7. Automatic flush valve performance (gallons per flush) measured from fixtures in a mixed-use classroom/office building at Texas A&M University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lertbannaphong, Salilla

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    flush valve performance (gpf) of fixtures in a mixed use classroom building at Texas A&M University. Water consumption (gpf) among three types of fixtures; low-consumption manual, old optic automatic and improved optic automatic systems are measured...

  8. Vehicle engine use when no longer in transit; exceptions -Vehicle idling gets zero miles per gallon; unnecessary idling wastes fuel and pollutes.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powers, Robert

    Vehicle engine use when no longer in transit; exceptions - Vehicle idling gets zero miles per, no University vehicle or piece of equipment is to be idled in a non-emergency situation. The operator of the vehicle/equipment is to turn-off the unit and the keys are to be removed from the ignition. EXEMPTIONS

  9. Water: May be the Best Near-Term Benefit and Driver of a Robust Wind Energy Future (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flowers, L.; Reategui, S.

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Water may be the most critical natural resource variable that affects the selection of generation options in the next decade. Extended drought in the western United States and more recently in the Southeast has moved water management and policy to the forefront of the energy options discussions. Recent climate change studies indicate that rising ambient temperatures could increase evapotranspiration by more than 25% to 30% in large regions of the country. Increasing demand for electricity, and especially from homegrown sources, inevitably will increase our thermal fleet, which consumes 400 to 700 gal/MWh for cooling. Recovering the vast oil shale resources in the West (one of the energy options discussed) is water intensive and threatens scarce water supplies. Irrigation for the growing corn ethanol industry requires 1,000 to 2,000 gallons of water for 1 gallon of production. Municipalities continue to grow and drive water demands and emerging constrained market prices upward. As illustrated by the 20% Wind Energy by 2030 analysis, wind offers an important mitigation opportunity: a 4-trillion-gallon water savings. This poster highlights the emerging constrained water situation in the United States and presents the case for wind energy as one of the very few means to ameliorate the emerging water wars in various U.S. regions.

  10. Towards Collaborative Task and Team Maintenance Gal A. Kaminka Ari Yakir Dan Erusalimchik Nirom Cohen-Nov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminka, Gal A.

    is integrated and evaluated in two teamwork architectures for situated agent teams: DIESEL , an implemented are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full

  11. Sensitivity analysis for complex ecological models e A new approach Vardit Makler-Pick a,*, Gideon Gal b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia a r t i c l

  12. Safest Path Adversarial Coverage Roi Yehoshua1, Noa Agmon1 and Gal A. Kaminka1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminka, Gal A.

    coverage missions in hazardous environments, such as oper- ations in nuclear power plants, exploration: adversarial coverage. Here, the robot operates in an environment that contains threats that might stop problem [10], the target area contains locations with potential threats of harming the robot, in addition

  13. libDGALS: A Library-based Approach to Design Dynamic GALS Systems Wei-Tsun Sun1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (DGALS) programs using a set of specific API in the C language. The motivation of this work stems from. The rest of the paper is organized as follows: Section II describes the DGALS MoC. Section III presents

  14. c33a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2 per Building (gallons) per Square Foot (gallons) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Gallon (dollars) All Buildings ......

  15. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Gasoline and Diesel Gallon Equivalent Definition Motor fuels, including alternative fuels, may be sold by gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) or diesel gallon equivalent (DGE) as long...

  16. State Laboratory Program -Calibration Scope Summary Certificate Date Comments Mass I Mass II Mass III

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to 3000 lb 500 gal to 1 gal 500 gal to 20 gal LPG Corn 21 % to 14 % Wheat 18 % to 13 % Soy Bean 17 % to 12 gal Los Angeles County 2014 10 kg to 100 g 5000 lb to 1 lb 8 oz to 4 oz 5 gal to 1 gal Louisiana 2014

  17. AUTHORIZATION TO PURCHASE ALCOHOL Please provide the following information each time alcohol is ordered.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiblen, George D

    : ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ Order Quantity __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ Stock # CX20442 CX20445 CX20460 CX20457 CX20461 Units Pint Gallon 5 Gallon Gallon 5 Gallon Description 200 Proof Ethyl Alcohol (Case of 24

  18. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    fleet card. The program offers a rebate of 0.03 per gallon for purchases of less than 1,000 gallons of biofuel per month, and 0.05 per gallon for purchases of 1,000 gallons or...

  19. A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    because diesel fuel contains 11% more BTUs per gallon thangenerators, in gallons-diesel fuel per million BTU of

  20. program marsg c This program provides a MarsGRAM type interface to the Mars Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forget, François

    iheight real stormls real intens real raddust real dustlat real dustlon real f107 real sdf107 c write. deviations for thermosphere variation' c read(nin,*) f107,sdf107 c if ((f107.lt.50.).or.(f107.gt.450.)) then c write(nout,*) 'F10.7 must be between 50 and 450' c goto 14 c endif c if ((sdf107.lt.­3.).or.(sdf

  1. Following electron flow: From a Gram-positive community to mechanisms of electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrighton, Kelly Catherine

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was monitored by cessation of biogas production as well as awas monitored by cessation of biogas production as well as a

  2. Following electron flow: From a Gram-positive community to mechanisms of electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrighton, Kelly Catherine

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    protected stock solutions of riboflavin and AQDS as positivedata not shown) and riboflavin (Figure 2D) in our system, wein (A) spiked with riboflavin (black line) and the baseline

  3. Following electron flow: From a Gram-positive community to mechanisms of electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrighton, Kelly Catherine

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    oxide (HFO) or 2,6-anthraquinone disulfonic acid (AQDS).substances analog 2,6-anthraquinone disulfonate (AQDS), the

  4. Following electron flow: From a Gram-positive community to mechanisms of electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrighton, Kelly Catherine

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    catalyses electricity generation at microbial fuel cellElectricity generation from cellulose by rumen microorganisms in microbial fuelElectricity generation from cellulose by rumen microorganisms in microbial fuel

  5. atmospheric model mars-gram: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    equations were found to be in good agreement with data from a purpose built balloon-borne neutron detector, high altitude aircraft data and previously published simulation based...

  6. SAR Endolysin Regulation in dsDNA Phage Lysis of Gram-Negative Hosts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuty, Gabriel

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    .......................................................................... 2 S hole formation ............................................................................. 4 Endolysins ...................................................................................... 6 T4 lysozyme mechanism... ....................................................................... 90 DUF847 superfamily ..................................................... 91 Amidases ........................................................................ 91 Peptidases...

  7. Following electron flow: From a Gram-positive community to mechanisms of electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrighton, Kelly Catherine

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DR (2003) Electricity production by Geobacter sulfurreducensDR (2003) Electricity production by Geobacter sulfurreducensDR (2003) Electricity production by Geobacter sulfurreducens

  8. Identification of Surprisingly Diverse Type IV Pili, across a Broad Range of Gram-Positive Bacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    -positive pilins encoded by operons containing highly conserved pilus biosynthetic genes (pilB, pilC

  9. Gram-scale, high-yield synthesis of a robust metalorganic framework for storing methane and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with compressed natural gas tanks (CNG) used in vehicles today, when the latter are pressurized to 248 bar (3600 The compressed natural gas (CNG) fuel tanks in current use need to be heavily reinforced, which increases, and compress natural gas to such high pressures requires signi- cant capital, which deters the investment

  10. OntoNotes: Sense Pool Verification Using Google N-gram and Statistical Tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hovy, Eduard

    ' effectiveness. The OntoNotes [1] project has developed a methodology for producing a large multilingual corpus) the senses weapon and bodypart enables systems to perform word sense disambiguation. But knowing in addition that the weapon sense of "arm" corresponds to the weapon sense of "weapon" and of "arsenal" means that systems can

  11. Pyrrolidine bis-cyclic guanidines with antimicrobial activity against drug-resistant Gram-positive pathogens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizet, Victor

    (MRSA). The eight compound mixtures exhibiting bactericidal activity (10 lg/mL) against MRSA were used to direct the synthesis of 36 individual compounds that were then screened for activity against MRSA individual compounds were bactericidal for MRSA at 62.5 lg/mL, with a subset of these compounds showing

  12. Phylogenetic diversity of gram-positive bacteria and their secondary metabolite genes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gontang, Erin Ann

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Oceanography by Erin Ann Gontang Committee in charge:The Dissertation of Erin Ann Gontang is approved, and it isMetabolite Genes by Erin Ann Gontang Doctor of Philosophy in

  13. SAR Endolysin Regulation in dsDNA Phage Lysis of Gram-Negative Hosts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuty, Gabriel

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    .......................................................................... 2 S hole formation ............................................................................. 4 Endolysins ...................................................................................... 6 T4 lysozyme mechanism... ....................................................................... 90 DUF847 superfamily ..................................................... 91 Amidases ........................................................................ 91 Peptidases...

  14. A Harmonically-Terminated Two-Gram Low-Power Rectenna on a Flexible Substrate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popovic, Zoya

    . Daniel G. Kuester, and Prof. Zoya Popovi´c Dept. of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, or harvested from already available sources, which can be broadband [5], [2]. Modulated transmission has also, or rectenna, is used to receive and rectify power. Many rectennas are fabricated on microwave substrates

  15. Cargo delivery into gram-negative bacteria via enterobactin uptake machinery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Tengfei

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chapter 1. Introduction to Iron Homeostasis and Siderophores Iron is an essential nutrient for almost all living organisms. This Chapter presents an overview of iron homeostasis in human and bacteria, as well as the biology ...

  16. grams (see the first figure) can provide a direct identification of the highest activation barriers,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel, Rosenfeld

    )--which catalyze hydrogen evolution. The results indicate that the enzymes have hydro- gen adsorption nanostructured materials designed for optimal performance, be it in the production of hydrogen from bioresources (12), showing the edges where hydrogen can adsorb and H2 evolve. T he power of greenhouse

  17. GrAM: Reasoning with Grounded Action Models by Combining Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cremers, Daniel

    Nicolai v. Hoyningen-Huene, Bernhard Kirchlechner, and Michael Beetz Intelligent Autonomous Systems Group Technische Universit¨at M¨unchen, Munich, Germany {hoyninge|kirchlec|beetz}@in.tum.de http Kirchlechner, and Michael Beetz between them in our mind or otherwise we could not categorize things we see

  18. DECOMPOSITION RESULTS FOR GRAM MATRIX DETERMINANTS TEODOR BANICA AND STEPHEN CURRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banica, Teodor

    of the Weingarten function Wkn, and the knowledge of these numbers clarifies the invertibility assumptions in [4 partitions. Introduction We discuss in this paper the computation of certain advanced representation theory], further processed and generalized by Collins [12], then Collins and ´Sniady [14], a number of advanced

  19. Value of Coproduction of Ethanol and Furfural from Acid Hydrolysis Processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, S.; Calnon, M.; Feinberg, D.; Power, A.; Weiss, L.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the acid hydrolysis of a cellulosic feedstock (wood, wood wastes, or crop residues), up to 3.65 lb of furfural may be coproduced with each gallon of ethanol for only the cost of recovering and purifying it. Each plant producing 50 x 106 gal/yr of ethanol would produce an amount of by-product furfural equal to the total current domestic production. Thus, the need arises for investigation into potentially suitable processes for deriving profitable end products from furfural and thus expanding the market. The objectives of this study were to determine the economic potential of five selected, large volume derivatives of furfural that could displace hydrocarbon-based chemicals, and the consequent value of furfural as a by-product to the cellulose hydrolysis process of ethanol production.

  20. Program Record (Offices of Fuel Cell Technologies) Record #: 11007 Date: March 25, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .13/gal 2 $1.30/gal 3 Energy Information Administration (EIA) Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) source year

  1. Enhancement of existing geothermal resource utilization by cascading to intensive aquaculture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zachritz, W.H., II; Polka, R.; Schoenmackers

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A demonstration high rate aquaculture production system utilizing a cascaded geothermal resource was designed, constructed and operated to fulfill the objectives of this project. Analysis of the energy and water balances for the system indicated that the addition of an Aquaculture Facility expanded the use of the existing resource. This expanded use in no way affected the up- stream processes. Analysis of the system`s energy and water requirements indicated that the present resource was under-utilized and could be expanded. Energy requirements appeared more limiting than water use, but the existing system could be expanded to a culture volume of 72,000 gal. This system would have a potential production capacity of 93,600 lb/yr with a potential market value of $280,00/yr. Based on the results of this study, the heat remaining in the geothermal fluid from one square foot of operating greenhouse is sufficient to support six gallons of culture water for a high density aquaculture facility. Thus, the over 1.5M ft{sup 2} of existing greenhouse space in New Mexico, has the potential to create an aquaculture industry of nearly 9M gal. This translates to an annual production potential of 11.7M lb with a market value of $35.lM.

  2. Capacity additions ease tight methanol supply

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greek, B.F. (C and EN, Houston, TX (US))

    1988-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Two menthanol plants now in operation - one in the U.S., the other in Chile - will boost global supplies of methanol more than 375 million gal annually. This large capacity addition and smaller expansions in other parts of the world will exceed demand growth during 1988 and 1989, easing the squeeze on supplies. As the result of increased supplies, methanol prices could slip slightly in the fourth quarter. They are more likely to decline next year, however. The two plants, which started up in August, are owned and operated by Tenneco Oil Co. Processing and Marketing and by Cape Horn Methanol (CHM). The Tenneco plant, located in Pasadena, Tex., was restarted after a shutdown in 1982 when prices for methanol were low. It now is running at full capacity of 125 million gal per year. The plant uses the low-pressure process technology of Lurgi, reportedly requiring for feedstock and energy between 100,000 and 125,000 cu ft of methane per gallon. Global trade in methanol smooths out the supply and demand inconsistencies. Surging methanol demand in the U.S. and in Western Europe has been met by imports from areas where methanol production is most economical - that is, where natural gas is readily available and has no other application as high in value. Canada, Chile, and Trinidad are examples of those areas.

  3. Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Northwest Plume interceptor system evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laase, A.D.; Clausen, J.L.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) recently installed an interceptor system consisting of four wells, evenly divided between two well fields, to contain the Northwest Plume. As stated in the Northwest Plume Record of Decision (ROD), groundwater will be pumped at a rate to reduce further contamination and initiate control of the northwest contaminant plume. The objective of this evaluation was to determine the optimum (minimal) well field pumping rates required for plume hotspot containment. Plume hotspot, as defined in the Northwest Plume ROD and throughout this report, is that portion of the plume with trichloroethene (TCE) concentrations greater than 1,000 {micro}g/L. An existing 3-dimensional groundwater model was modified and used to perform capture zone analyses of the north and south interceptor system well fields. Model results suggest that the plume hotspot is not contained at the system design pumping rate of 100 gallons per minute (gal/min) per well field. Rather, the modeling determined that north and south well field pumping rates of 400 and 150 gal/min, respectively, are necessary for plume hotspot containment. The difference between the design and optimal pumping rates required for containment can be attributed to the discovery of a highly transmissive zone in the vicinity of the two well fields.

  4. Novel insights from hybrid LacI/GalR proteins: family-wide functional attributes and biologically significant variation in transcription repression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meinhardt, Sarah; Manley Jr., Michael W.; Becker, Nicole A.; Hessman, Jacob A.; Maher III, L. James; Swint-Kruse, Liskin

    2012-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The coding regions for full-length LacI and the LacI-11 variant were subcloned from the genome of DH5a E. coli to the plasmid pHG165c. LacI-11 has a stop codon that is inserted 11 amino acids from the 30-end of the gene, which disrupts the tetramerization.... The duration of the growth assays ranged from #2;500 to 1500min. At the end of the assay for one slow-growing lactose culture, pH of the media was tested and found to be close to the starting pH. Time to OD600=1 was determined by linear regression of the data...

  5. Postmortem analysis of sand grain crushing from pile interface using X-ray I. Matas Silva, Gal Combe, Pierre Foray, Frdric Flin, and Bernard Lesaffre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribes, Aurélien

    Postmortem analysis of sand grain crushing from pile interface using X-ray tomography I. Matías of Sand Grain Crushing From Pile Interface Using X-ray Tomography Matías Silva I., Gaël Combe, Pierre. Pile foundations of offshore platforms, wind and water turbines are typically subjected to a variety

  6. o p-Ma Rn,an:h-Vol 34. No 8. pp-1353-1 Prinlcd in G~al Brilain-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canberra, University of

    of the distributions and geochemical behaviours of trace metals in the ocean (BURTONand STATHAM.1982; BRULAND.1983

  7. haemagglutinin antibodies, and ectopically expressed full-length (fl) Alk (Twist-Gal4; ) was immunoprecipitated with anti-Alk antibodies.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    and differentiation. Cell 107, 387­398 (2001). 4. Ruiz-Gomez, M., Coutts, N., Price, A., Taylor, M. V. & Bate, M. Haematol. 114, 741­760 (2001). 9. Duyster, J., Bai, R. Y. & Morris, S. W. Translocations involving specifically in the nervous system. Oncogene 14, 439­449 (1997). 12. Klapper, R. et al. The formation

  8. Actes de l'atelier, 22-23 janvier 2001, Montpellier, France 155 P. Garin, P.Y. Le Gal, Th. Ruf (diteurs scientifiques), 2002. La

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of comparing objectively the costs of various systems or methods of irrigation. The "financial" cost splits up application à l'irrigation Guy GLEYSES*, Sébastien LOUBIER*, Jean-Philippe TERREAUX* *Cemagref­Irrigation, 361 méthode de calcul du coût de mobilisation de l'eau pour l'irrigation, appelé coût financier. Ce travail

  9. Marker-exchange mutagenesis and complementation strategies for the Gram-negative bacteria Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Sang-Won; Ronald, P C

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of a Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae flagellar operon region2002) The Xanthomonas oryzae pv. lozengeoryzae raxP and raxQsystem in xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae required for AvrXa21

  10. Structural and Molecular Basis of Heme Acquisition by the Gram-positive Pathogens Staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malmirchegini, Ghulam Reza Khan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a growing problem, worldwideand Prevention (CDC) estimated that MRSA was responsible forresistant S. aureus (MRSA) carriers (20). The bacterium

  11. --No Title--

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    4. Fuel Oil Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Fuel Oil Consumption Fuel Oil Expenditures per Building (gallons) per Square Foot (gallons) per...

  12. G:\\ESS\\248 RCRA\\SWMU Report Cor

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1995 - present SITEPROCESS DESCRIPTION: Storage of waste oil in 5-gallon drums in plastic containment pan. WASTE DESCRIPTION: Waste oil. WASTE QUANTITY: Four 5-gallon drums...

  13. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    on a gasoline gallon equivalent basis with the exception of liquefied petroleum gas (propane), which is taxed on a diesel gallon equivalent basis. Special fuels include...

  14. Techno-economic Analysis for the Thermochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol via Acetic Acid Synthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Yunhua; Jones, Susanne B.

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biomass is a renewable energy resource that can be converted into liquid fuel suitable for transportation applications. As a widely available biomass form, lignocellulosic biomass can have a major impact on domestic transportation fuel supplies and thus help meet the Energy Independence and Security Act renewable energy goals (U.S. Congress 2007). This study performs a techno-economic analysis of the thermo chemical conversion of biomass to ethanol, through methanol and acetic acid, followed by hydrogenation of acetic acid to ethanol. The conversion of syngas to methanol and methanol to acetic acid are well-proven technologies with high conversions and yields. This study was undertaken to determine if this highly selective route to ethanol could provide an already established economically attractive route to ethanol. The feedstock was assumed to be wood chips at 2000 metric ton/day (dry basis). Two types of gasification technologies were evaluated: an indirectly-heated gasifier and a directly-heated oxygen-blown gasifier. Process models were developed and a cost analysis was performed. The carbon monoxide used for acetic acid synthesis from methanol and the hydrogen used for hydrogenation were assumed to be purchased and not derived from the gasifier. Analysis results show that ethanol selling prices are estimated to be $2.79/gallon and $2.81/gallon for the indirectly-heated gasifier and the directly-heated gasifier systems, respectively (1stQ 2008$, 10% ROI). These costs are above the ethanol market price for during the same time period ($1.50 - $2.50/gal). The co-production of acetic acid greatly improves the process economics as shown in the figure below. Here, 20% of the acetic acid is diverted from ethanol production and assumed to be sold as a co-product at the prevailing market prices ($0.40 - $0.60/lb acetic acid), resulting in competitive ethanol production costs.

  15. The effect of biofuel on the international oil market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David D.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biofuel on the International Oil Market Gal Hochman, Deepakon the international oil market ? Gal Hochman, Deepakand biodiesel GEG to oil markets reduce gasoline consumption

  16. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental Impact of Biofuels. ” ARE Update 15(2):9-11.and the Environmental Impact of Biofuels Gal Hochman, Deepakand the Environmental Impact of Biofuels Gal Hochman, Deepak

  17. Hydrogen Production CODES & STANDARDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .50/gallon gasoline equivalent ($1.50/kg delivered, untaxed) at the pump [without carbon sequestration

  18. 157Recent Events: A Perspective on Carbon Dioxide On March 21, 2010 the Eyjafjalla Volcano in Iceland erupted, and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the combustion process. Problem 1 ­ The Gulf Oil Spill is predicted to generate 200,000 gallons of crude oil if the combustion of 1 gallon of oil generates 10 kg of carbon dioxide? Problem 2 ­ Scientists have estimated are generated if the combustion of 1 gallon of oil generates 10 kg of carbon dioxide? Answer: 200,000 gallons

  19. Water Conservation Songs 1 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Water Conservation Songs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Conservation Songs 1 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Water Conservation Songs Gallon the drain, It's my job to turn it off, I want to save that rain! Cups, cups, cups of water, Running down the drain, It's my job to turn it off, I want to save that rain! Gallons, gallons, gallons of water Rushing

  20. Seeking Healthy Buildings By Eva Matsuzaki

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kyte, Michael

    - $3/gallon Price of water - $8/gallon Really??? #12;Indoor Air Quality Lack of proper ventilation of some of our existing conditions. Energy Materials Water Stress Indoor Air Quality What's wrong;Water consumption Average person in U.S. uses 90 gallons/day of potable water. (40 gallons

  1. Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 342: Area 23 Mercury Fire Training Pit Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. M. Obi

    2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this Closure Report (CR) is to provide documentation of the completed corrective action and to provide data confirming the corrective action. The corrective action was performed following the approved Corrective Action Plan (CAP) (U.S. Department of Energy [DOE], 1999b) and consisted of closure-in-place with partial excavation, disposal, backfilling, administrative controls, and post-closure monitoring. Soil with petroleum hydrocarbon concentrations above the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) Action Level of 100 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) (Nevada Administrative Code, 1996) was removed to a depth of 1.5 meters (m) (5 feet [ft]). The excavations were backfilled with clean fill to restore the site and to prevent contact with deeper, closed-in-place soil that exceeded the NDEP Action Level. According to the Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) (DOE, 1998), the Mercury Fire Training Pit was used from approximately 1965 to the early 1990s to train fire-fighting and emergency response personnel at the NTS and encompasses an area approximately 85 by 115 m (280 by 380 ft). The location of the Mercury Fire Training Pit is shown in Figure 1 and a site plan is shown in Figure 2. The Mercury Fire Training Pit formerly included a bermed bum pit with four small bum tanks; four large above ground storage tanks (ASTS); an overturned bus, a telephone pole storage area; and several areas for burning sheds, pallets, and cables. During the active life of the Mercury Fire Training Pit, training events were conducted at least monthly and sometimes as often as weekly. Fuels burned during these events included off-specification or rust-contaminated gasoline, diesel, and aviation fuel (JP-4). Other items burned during these events included paint, tires, a pond liner, wood, paper, cloth, and copper cable. Approximately 570 liters (L) (150 gallons [gal]) of fuel were used for each training event resulting in an approximate total of 136,000 L (36,000 gal) of fuel used over the life of the Mercury Fire Training Pit. Unburned fuel was allowed to pool on the ground and was left to eventually volatilize or soak into the soil. In addition, fuels from the ASTS and fuels and fluids from the overturned bus leaked or spilled onto the ground. Approximately 19 L to 38 L (5 to 10 gal) of paint were also burned monthly until sometime in the 1970s.

  2. Vandose Zone Characterization Project at the Hanford Tank Farms: SX Tank Farm Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodeur, J.R.; Koizumi, C.J.; Bertsch, J.F.

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The SX Tank Farm is located in the southwest portion of the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. This tank farm consists of 15 single-shell tanks (SSTs), each with an individual capacity of 1 million gallons (gal). These tanks currently store high-level nuclear waste that was primarily generated from what was called the oxidation-reduction or {open_quotes}REDOX{close_quotes} process at the S-Plant facility. Ten of the 15 tanks are listed in Hanlon as {open_quotes}assumed leakers{close_quotes} and are known to have leaked various amounts of high-level radioactive liquid to the vadose zone sediment. The current liquid content of each tank varies, but the liquid from known leaking tanks has been removed to the extent possible. In 1994, the U.S. Department of Energy Richland Office (DOE-RL) requested the DOE Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO), Grand Junction, Colorado, to perform a baseline characterization of contamination in the vadose zone at all the SST farms with spectral gamma-ray logging of boreholes surrounding the tanks. The SX Tank Farm geophysical logging was completed, and the results of this baseline characterization are presented in this report.

  3. Techno-Economic Analysis of Biochemical Scenarios for Production of Cellulosic Ethanol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kazi, F. K.; Fortman, J.; Anex, R.; Kothandaraman, G.; Hsu, D.; Aden, A.; Dutta, A.

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A techno-economic analysis on the production of cellulosic ethanol by fermentation was conducted to understand the viability of liquid biofuel production processes within the next 5-8 years. Initially, 35 technologies were reviewed, then a two-step down selection was performed to choose scenarios to be evaluated in a more detailed economic analysis. The lignocellulosic ethanol process was selected because it is well studied and portions of the process have been tested at pilot scales. Seven process variations were selected and examined in detail. Process designs were constrained to public data published in 2007 or earlier, without projecting for future process improvements. Economic analysis was performed for an 'nth plant' (mature technology) to obtain total investment and product value (PV). Sensitivity analysis was performed on PV to assess the impact of variations in process and economic parameters. Results show that the modeled dilute acid pretreatment process without any downstream process variation had the lowest PV of $3.40/gal of ethanol ($5.15/gallon of gasoline equivalent) in 2007 dollars. Sensitivity analysis shows that PV is most sensitive to feedstock and enzyme costs.

  4. Testing in support of transportation of residues in the pipe overpack container

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ammerman, D.J.; Bobbe, J.G.; Arviso, M.; Bronowski, D.R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Transportation Systems Dept.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The disposition of the large back-log of plutonium residues at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Rocky Flats) will require interim storage and subsequent shipment to a waste repository. Current plants call for disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) and the transportation to WIPP in the TRUPACT-II. The transportation phase will require the residues to be packaged in a container that is more robust than a standard 55-gallon waste drum. Rocky Flats has designed the Pipe Overpack Container to meet this need. The tests described here were performed to qualify the Pipe Overpack Container as a waste container for shipment in the TRUPACT-II. Using a more robust container will assure the fissile materials in each container can not be mixed with the fissile material from the other containers and will provide criticality control. This will allow an increase in the payload of the TRUPACT-II from 325 fissile gram equivalents to 2,800 fissile gram equivalents.

  5. Slide 1www.kostic.niu.edu EnergyEnergy IsIs EverythingEverything

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    is now $2/gal ......!! · Temporary low oil/gasoline prices are due to unprecedented global economy ...! ·· Something isSomething is terribly wrongterribly wrong now?now? $4/gal gasoline is now $2/gal$4/gal gasoline recession ... .... but both ECONOMY and OIL Prices will bounce back and fossil fuels' prices will increase

  6. Navigating the fruit fly brain : visual place learning in Drosophila melanogaster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ofstad, Tyler Arnt

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    screen to include lines driving expression in additionalto screen GAL4 lines driving expression in additional

  7. Cardiovascular Gram WINTER/SPRING 2008 A NEWSLETTER TO PHYSICIANS FROM THE PAT AND JIM CALHOUN CARDIOLOGY CENTER AT UCONN HEALTH CENTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    cardiologists -- Dr. Michael Azrin and myself, and two surgeons -- Dr. Michael Dahn and Dr. James Menzoian. Our

  8. G:\\ESS\\248 RCRA\\SWMU Report Cor

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PPE, used air filters from compressors, motors, pumps, filter bags, oil filters, and PVC pipe. WASTE QUANTITY: Three 55-gallon drums and six 5-gallon drums as of 1501. The...

  9. Development and Application of Advanced Models for Steam Hydrogasification: Process Design and Economic Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Xiaoming

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    5. Power generation via IGCC from bituminous coal. It shouldElectricity Generation (KWh/gallon FT Liquid) Coal-to-PowerElectricity Generation (KWh/gallon FT Liquid) Coal-to-Power

  10. Water and Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    produced water from production of crude oil, natural gas,the production and processing of each gallon of crude oil (production and processing of 1 gallon (3.8 liters) of crude oil

  11. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    gallon sold to an alcohol blender that is in excess of the producer's base sales, up to 15,000,000 gallons, provided the producer was in production before July 1, 2001, and...

  12. Fall 2013 Exam 1A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick Devlin

    2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A large solar heating panel requires 120-gallons of a fluid that is 30% antifreeze. The fluid comes in either a 50% solution or a 20% solution. How many gallons ...

  13. MA 15300 Lesson 8 Notes Remember: When working with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Charlotte M

    2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A large solar heating panel requires 120 gallons of a fluid that is 30% antifreeze. The fluid comes in either a 50% solution or a 20% solution. How many gallons ...

  14. Lesson 33 The two methods we have used to solve systems are ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick Devlin

    2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A large solar heating panel requires 120 gallons of a fluid that is 30% antifreeze. The fluid comes in either a 50% solution or a 20% solution. How many gallons ...

  15. Another practice final

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Charlotte M

    2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    11) A solar heating panel requires 150 gallons of a fluid that is 55% antifreeze. The fluid comes in either a 75% or a 30% solution. How many gallons of the 75%

  16. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    natural gas is subject to a tax of 0.16 per diesel gallon equivalent. Compressed natural gas, butane, and propane are subject to a tax of 0.16 per gasoline gallon...

  17. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    gallon equivalent for liquefied natural gas and 0.11 per gasoline gallon equivalent for compressed natural gas, butane, or propane. (Reference Indiana Code 6-6-2.5 and 6-6-4.1-1...

  18. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    0.2135 per gallon, liquefied natural gas is taxed at 0.171 per gallon, and compressed natural gas is taxed at the rate of 2.474 per thousand cubic feet. Gasoline is taxed at...

  19. U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in fuel use avoidance of approximately 113K gallons of fuel oil and 2,300 gallons of propane per year. Remaining funds from the engineering design would be used toward...

  20. Development and Application of Advanced Models for Steam Hydrogasification: Process Design and Economic Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Xiaoming

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to small scale electricity generation plants and is alsoElectricity Use (KWh/gallon FT Liquid) Plant Electricity Generation (Electricity Usage (MW) Plant Electricity Use (KWh/gallon FT Liquid) Plant Electricity Generation (

  1. More Final Exam Practice Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Charlotte M

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    11) A solar heating panel requires 150 gallons of a fluid that is 55% antifreeze. The fluid comes in either a 75% or a 30% solution. How many gallons of the 75%

  2. Underground Storage Tank Management (District of Columbia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The  installation, upgrade and operation of any petroleum UST (>110 gallons) or hazardous substance UST System, including heating oil tanks over 1,100 gallons capacity in the District requires a...

  3. Estimating the Payback Period of Additional Insulation | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    actual price you pay per gallon of oil, kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electricity, gallon of propane, or therm (or per one hundred cubic feet ccf) of natural gas by the Btu content per...

  4. H02 WETLAND TREATMENT SYSTEM WATER CHEMISTRY SAMPLING AND RESULTS REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bach, M; Michael Serrato, M; Eric Nelson, E

    2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The H-02 Wetland Treatment System (Figure 1) is used to remove heavy metals (e.g., copper and zinc) from the H-Area process and storm water discharge. Routine flow enters an equalization basin by inlets on either the east (Location 1) or west end (Location 2). The west end influent constitutes 75% of the average flow into the basin which has an average residence time of approximately 3 days at low pool (i.e., 120 gal/min. through a volume of 0.5 million gallons). The water then exits via the basin outlet on the east end. Next, the water flows to a splitter box (Location 3) which evenly separates the flow between two wetland cells for a design flow of 60 gal/min. per wetland cell with a residence time in the cell of approximately 2 days. The wetland effluent is then combined (Location 4) and flows through a spillway before reaching the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) measurement point near Road 4. During initial operation, it was observed that the pH of the water leaving the equalization basin was elevated compared to the influent pH. Furthermore, the elevated pH remained through the wetland cells so that there was an average pH of 10 leaving the wetland cells during the daytime which exceeds the upper NPDES limit of 8.5. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the cause of the increase in pH within the equalization basin of the H-02 Wetland Treatment System. Possible mechanisms included algal activity and inorganic chemistry interactions (e.g., interactions with the clay and/or bentonite liner). Water quality parameters were evaluated throughout the H-02 Wetland Treatment system and over time in order to determine the cause of high pH values measured in the basin and wetland. Fluctuations in dissolved oxygen (DO) and accompanying changes in pH would be expected in systems where algae are an influencing factor. An unexpected increase or decrease in the concentration of inorganic substances may indicate operational changes or an inorganic chemistry influence on pH. In addition, alternative methods to alleviate or mitigate the pH increase were evaluated. This study documents the results of sampling activities undertaken and conveys the analytical results along with suggestions for operation of the H-02 Wetland Treatment System. The water samples collected and the water quality data generated from this activity are for analytical purposes only, and as such, were not collected in support of compliance activities.

  5. Demonstration Results From Greenhouse Heating with Liquified Wood

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steele, Philip; Parish, Don; Cooper, Jerome

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A boiler fuel known as Lignocellulosic Boiler Fuel (LBF) was developed at the Department of Forest Products, Mississippi State University for potential application for heating agricultural buildings. LBF was field tested to heat green houses in cooperation with Natchez Trace Greenhouses (NTG) located in Kosciusko, Mississippi. MSU modified an idled natural gas boiler located at NTG to combust the LBF. Thirty gallons of bio-oil were produced at the MSU Bio-oil Research Laboratory. The bio-oil was produced from the fast-pyrolysis of southern pine (15 gal) and white oak (15 gal) feedstocks and subsequently upgraded by a proprietary process. Preliminary field testing was conducted at (NTG). The LBF was produced from each wood species was tested separately and co-fed with diesel fuel to yield three fuel formulations: (1) 100% diesel; (2) 87.5% LBF from southern pine bio-oil co-fed with 12.5% diesel and (3) 87.5% LBF from white oak co-fed with 12.5% diesel fuel formulations. Each fuel formulation was combusted in a retrofit NTG boiler. Fuel consumption and water temperature were measured periodically. Flue gas from the boiler was analyzed by gas chromatograph. The 100% diesel fuel increased water temperature at a rate of 4 ���°F per min. for 35 min. to achieve the target 140 ���°F water temperature increase. The 87.5% pine LBF fuel cofed with 12.5%) diesel attained the 140 ���°F water temperature increase in 62 min. at a rate of 2.3 ���°F per min. The 87.5% white oak LBF fuel co-fed with 12.5% diesel reached the 140 ���°F water temperature increase in 85 min. at a rate of 1.6 ���°F per min. Fuel that contained 87.5% pine LBF co-fed with 12.5% diesel yielded nitrogen and oxygen at a ratio of 5.3 and carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide at a ratio of 22.2. Fuel formulations that contained 87.5% white oak LBF co-fed with 12.5% diesel yielded nitrogen and oxygen at a ratio of 4.9 and carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide at a ratio of 16.4. Neither the pine LBF nor the white oak LBF fuel showed any measureable methane emissions from the NTG boiler flue gas. These results indicate a viable potential for mildly upgraded bio-oil to become an alternative fuel source for greenhouse operations.

  6. Microsoft Word - BMPPlan Botts

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    -- gallon per minute GSA -- General Services Administration HVAC -- Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning ISO -- International Standards Organization IWPF -- Industrial Wastewater...

  7. Texas Rice, Volume VII, Number 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and annual domestic biodiesel produc- tion increases to 1 billion gallons. Under Scenario 2, annual domestic ethanol production increases to 20 billion gallons by 2016, and annual domestic biodiesel production increases to 1 billion gallons... of biodiesel production in 2016 in USDA’s long-term agricultural projections released in February 2007 (baseline). Dur- ing 2007-16, domestic ethanol production increases by an average of 2 billion gallons year under Scenario 1 compared with the baseline...

  8. Occupancy-Based Energy Management in Buildings: Final Report to Sponsors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohn, Michael D.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a 2,000,000 gallon thermal energy storage (TES) tank, achillers, pumps and a thermal energy storage system. Full-

  9. Worshipping the Temple of Doom My response to the letter from Dr. Martin Parkinson, Secretary of the Australian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    on petrol between 12 and 20 cents per gallon. It has to be kept small and ineffectual, because they want

  10. Transportation Energy Futures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLuchi, Mark A.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cost equivalent to a retail gasoline price of more than $2It showsthe retail price per gallon of gasoline (including

  11. NASA Green Flight Challenge: Conceptual Design Approaches and Technologies to Enable 200 Passenger Miles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    Miles per Gallon Douglas P. Wells* NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia 23681 The Green 50 passenger-miles per gallon and this competition will push teams to greater than 200 passenger-miles per gallon. The aircraft must also fly at least 100 miles per hour for 200 miles. The total prize

  12. BID MUST BE RECEIVED NO LATER THAN Please indicate: Minority Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    for unleaded gasoline and Number 2 Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel fuel (#2 Red Diesel) for use on their Grounds or decrease quantities. ESTIMATES: Grounds Unleaded Gasoline ­ 2,000 gallons Diesel, ultra low sulphur #2 Red gallons Diesel, ultra low sulphur #2 Red ­ 700 gallons Award will be made on an "all or none" or "item

  13. Geothermal space heating applications for the Fort Peck Indian Reservation in the vicinity of Poplar, Montana. Final report, August 20, 1979-May 31, 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Birman, J.H.; Cohen, J.; Spencer, G.J.

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of a first-stage evaluation of the overall feasibility of utilizing geothermal waters from the Madison aquifer in the vicinity of Poplar, Montana for space heating are reported. A preliminary assessment of the resource characteristics, a preliminary design and economic evaluation of a geothermal heating district and an analysis of environmental and institutional issues are included. Preliminary investigations were also made into possible additional uses of the geothermal resource, including ethanol production. The results of the resource analysis showed that the depth to the top of the Madison occurs at approximately 5,500 feet at Poplar, and the Madison Group is characterized by low average porosity (about 5 percent) and permeability (about 0.004 gal/day-ft), and by hot water production rates of a few tens of gallons per minute from intervals a few feet thick. The preliminary heating district system effort for the town of Poplar included design heat load estimates, a field development concept, and preliminary design of heat extraction and hot water distribution systems. The environmental analysis, based on current data, indicated that resource development is not expected to result in undue impacts. The institutional analysis concluded that a Tribal geothermal utility could be established, but no clear-cut procedure can be identified without a more comprehensive evaluation of legal and jurisdistional issues. The economic evaluation found that, if the current trend of rapidly increasing prices for fossil fuels continues, a geothermal heating district within Poplar could be a long-term, economically attractive alternative to current energy sources.

  14. The Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochman, Gal; Sexton, Steven; Zilberman, David D.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    prices. The reason: demand for biofuel increases, and ?rst-The Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment GalThe Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment ? Gal

  15. The effect of biofuel on the international oil market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David D.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biofuel on the International Oil Market Gal Hochman, Deepakof biofuel on the international oil market ? Gal Hochman,are dominated by cartel of oil-rich countries, and that

  16. Analysis of global airline alliances as a strategy for international network development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tugores-García, Antonio, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the late 1990s, network airlines worldwide have being enrolling in one of the three current Global Airline Alliances (GALs), oneworld, Star Alliance and SkyTeam. By 2011, airlines belonging to the three GALs transported ...

  17. The role of Id2 and Id3 in memory CD8? T cells differentiation and natural killer T cell homeostasis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Cliff Yang

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of NK1.1 + TCR? + or CD1d tetramer + NKT cells for indicatedof ?GalCer-loaded CD1d tetramer + NKT cells for indicated?GalCer-loaded CD1d tetramer, then examined for expression

  18. Precipitate hydrolysis experimental facility (PHEF) Run 66 And 67, Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shah, H. B.; Lambert, D. P.

    2000-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    During the period from late June to early September of this year, approximately 1,600 gallons of precipitate feed stored in the Precipitate Hold Tank (PHT) at PHEF decomposed. This decomposition took place during a two month storage period of the Tetraphenyl borate (TPB) precipitate under a CO{sub 2} blanket. The visual inspection of the tank revealed that a very small amount of TPB solids were left and that there were approximately 100 to 110 gals of benzene/high boilers present in the tank. The resultant decomposition products in the PHT consist of an organic and aqueous phase containing a small quantity of unreacted solids. A path forward was developed to understand TPB decomposition and to determine if the material remaining in the PHT could be processed without adverse effects to the process or equipment. A small scale hydrolysis run with the remaining PHT material was made by Process Technology Development Group of DWPT at TNX. It was determined from small scale runs and an extensive analysis of the PHT material that the decomposed material was safe to run at PHEF without adversely affecting the process or equipment. The PHT volume was 1,592 gallons at the time of decomposition. Two runs (66 and 67) were performed to process the decomposed feed. The main objective of these runs was to process the decomposed precipitate from the PHT. In both the runs copper nitrate was used as the catalyst. Because of the decomposition, the effectiveness of the copper nitrate in catalyzing the destruction of TPB could not be completed. The significant findings of Run 66 are: (1) after 5 hours of aqueous boil, the aqueous product had a Diphenylamine (DPA) concentration of 31 mg/L and the Biphenyl concentration of 8 mg/L. At these concentrations, the high boiling organic mass in the aqueous product included 0.28 lbs of Diphenylamine and 0.07 lbs of Biphenyl. (2) Benzene production was 62.1 gallons, with an aromatic removal ratio of 96.26% as measured by liquid chromatography analysis. (3) The calculated reactor cooling coil heat transfer coefficient during cooldown was 244 (design basis = 80) PCU/ft{sup 2}/hr/C at 55 C. It took 90 minutes to cooldown the reactor contents at cooling water flowrate of 20 gpm and 168 RPM agitator speed. This suggested that minimal high boilers deposition had occurred with the processing of decomposed feed. (4) Phenylboronic Acid concentration dropped below 53 mg/L in less than 180 minutes. As such very little PBA was produced because of the decomposed feed. The Organic Evaporator (OE) cycle was completed in two attempts. In the first attempt, the OE run was interrupted due to a high Evaporator Condenser Decanter (ECD) vapor temperature interlock, approximately 18 minutes into the aqueous boil (AB). The cause of this interlock was determined to be fouling of the ECD tubes by high boiling organics. Several process changes were implemented in an attempt to defoul the condenser tubes. The changes were mainly targeted at running the condenser hot. The increase in CW supply temperature and reduction in CW flow helped to run the condenser hot, to increase the heat transfer efficiency and to melt the high boiling organics from the condenser tubes.

  19. World Biofuels Production Potential Understanding the Challenges to Meeting the U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sastri, B.; Lee, A.

    2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) estimates the worldwide potential to produce biofuels including biofuels for export. It was undertaken to improve our understanding of the potential for imported biofuels to satisfy the requirements of Title II of the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) in the coming decades. Many other countries biofuels production and policies are expanding as rapidly as ours. Therefore, we modeled a detailed and up-to-date representation of the amount of biofuel feedstocks that are being and can be grown, current and future biofuels production capacity, and other factors relevant to the economic competitiveness of worldwide biofuels production, use, and trade. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) identified and prepared feedstock data for countries that were likely to be significant exporters of biofuels to the U.S. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) calculated conversion costs by conducting material flow analyses and technology assessments on biofuels technologies. Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) integrated the country specific feedstock estimates and conversion costs into the global Energy Technology Perspectives (ETP) MARKAL (MARKet ALlocation) model. The model uses least-cost optimization to project the future state of the global energy system in five year increments. World biofuels production was assessed over the 2010 to 2030 timeframe using scenarios covering a range U.S. policies (tax credits, tariffs, and regulations), as well as oil prices, feedstock availability, and a global CO{sub 2} price. All scenarios include the full implementation of existing U.S. and selected other countries biofuels policies (Table 4). For the U.S., the most important policy is the EISA Title II Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). It progressively increases the required volumes of renewable fuel used in motor vehicles (Appendix B). The RFS requires 36 billion (B) gallons (gal) per year of renewable fuels by 2022. Within the mandate, amounts of advanced biofuels, including biomass-based diesel and cellulosic biofuels, are required beginning in 2009. Imported renewable fuels are also eligible for the RFS. Another key U.S. policy is the $1.01 per gal tax credit for producers of cellulosic biofuels enacted as part of the 2008 Farm Bill. This credit, along with the DOE's research, development and demonstration (RD&D) programs, are assumed to enable the rapid expansion of U.S. and global cellulosic biofuels production needed for the U.S. to approach the 2022 RFS goal. While the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has yet to issue RFS rules to determine which fuels would meet the greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction and land use restrictions specified in EISA, we assume that cellulosic ethanol, biomass-to-liquid fuels (BTL), sugar-derived ethanol, and fatty acid methyl ester biodiesel would all meet the EISA advanced biofuel requirements. We also assume that enough U.S. corn ethanol would meet EISA's biofuel requirements or otherwise be grandfathered under EISA to reach 15 B gal per year.

  20. Characterization of the Secondary Binding Sites of Maclura pomifera agglutinin by Glycan Array and Crystallographic Analyses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J Huang; Z Xu; D Wang; C Ogata; K Palczewski; X Lee; N Young

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Maclura pomifera agglutinin (MPA) recognizes the T-antigen disaccharide Gal{beta}1,3GalNAc mainly through interaction of the {alpha}-GalNAc moiety with its primary site, but the interactions of the two flanking subsites A and B with aglycones and substituents other than Gal, respectively, are not well understood. We therefore characterized the specificity of MPA in more detail by glycan microarray analysis and determined the crystal structures of MPA without ligand and in complexes with Gal{beta}1,3GalNAc and p-nitrophenyl {alpha}-GalNAc. In both sugar complexes, pairs of ligands created inter-tetramer hydrogen-bond bridging networks. While subsite A showed increased affinity for hydrophobic aglycones, it also accommodated several sugar substituents. Notably, a GalNAc-O-tripeptide, a Tn-antigen mimic, showed lower affinity than these compounds in surface plasmon resonance (SPR) experiments. The glycan array data that showed subsite B accepted compounds in which the O3 position of the GalNAc was substituted with various sugars other than Gal, but substitutions at O6 led to inactivity. Additions to the Gal moiety of the disaccharide also had only small effects on reactivity. These results are all compatible with the features seen in the crystal structures.

  1. Cigars differ from cigarettes in both their size and the type of tobacco used. Cigars vary in size and shape and can be up to 7 inches long. Large cigars contain 517 grams of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    and lungs even if you don't mean to inhale. Smoking a cigar directly exposes the lips, mouth, throat is absorbed predominantly through the lining of the mouth rather than through the lungs. It is important

  2. Energy content: 43 to 47 KJ/gram not much different from candlewax or candybars (physical density of gasoline is about .73 times that of water (.73 g/cc...it floats!).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ...note this is not the output which only about 30% of the energy input..PBR 105 Solar power on roof of U.S. home 104 U of Various Processes (watts) Solar power in all directions 1027 Solar power incident on earth 1017 Solar power avg. on U.S. 1015 Solar power consumed in photosynthesis 1014 #12;U.S. power consumption rate 1013

  3. OR221 MIDTERM Due: 9:30 am, Thursday, March 9, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulkarni, Vidyadhar G.

    in Eq. (6.66). Try using q = + µ in Equation (6.72). P2. (10 pts.) Gasoline Prices. Let X(t) be the price of gasoline (in $ per gallon) at time t (time is measured in weeks). Suppose that X(t) = 2.00 + .1 and Bob. Al buys 10 gallons of gasoline at 8 am on every Monday. Bob also buys 10 gallons of gasoline

  4. Functions, Part 1 c csun Fall 2011 v15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuller, Terry

    customers $14.00 per month plus $0.10 per kilowatt-hour (KWH) of electricity used. Thus, the monthly cost on the price? If the price per gallon is $3.40, what is the cost to fill the tank? If the price per gallon. This is read as: The cost, C(p), to fill the tank is a function of the price p per gallon. Written form: "the

  5. Party Platter $38.00 (serves 5-9) Three-Foot Sub $48.00 (serves 10-12)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milchberg, Howard

    .50 Pepsi, Diet Pepsi, Sierra Mist Bottled Water $1.65 ea Traditional Flavors Half-gallon $5.79 Three, soft tacos or bean burritos $10.99: ten piece, $44.99: fifty piece Pick-up ONLY, no delivery for Taco.65 Beverages Gallon Lemonade $10.50 Gallon Strawberry Lemonade Mixer $10.50 Six-pack Soda $4.50 Bottled Water

  6. Suppression of renal fibrosis by galectin-1 in high glucose-treated renal epithelial cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okano, Kazuhiro, E-mail: kaokano@kc.twmu.ac.jp; Tsuruta, Yuki; Yamashita, Tetsuri; Takano, Mari; Echida, Yoshihisa; Nitta, Kosaku

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Diabetic nephropathy is the most common cause of chronic kidney disease. We investigated the ability of intracellular galectin-1 (Gal-1), a prototype of endogenous lectin, to prevent renal fibrosis by regulating cell signaling under a high glucose (HG) condition. We demonstrated that overexpression of Gal-1 reduces type I collagen (COL1) expression and transcription in human renal epithelial cells under HG conditions and transforming growth factor-{beta}1 (TGF-{beta}1) stimulation. Matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP1) is stimulated by Gal-1. HG conditions and TGF-{beta}1 treatment augment expression and nuclear translocation of Gal-1. In contrast, targeted inhibition of Gal-1 expression reduces COL1 expression and increases MMP1 expression. The Smad3 signaling pathway is inhibited, whereas two mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways, p38 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), are activated by Gal-1, indicating that Gal-1 regulates these signaling pathways in COL1 production. Using specific inhibitors of Smad3, ERK, and p38 MAPK, we showed that ERK MAPK activated by Gal-1 plays an inhibitory role in COL1 transcription and that activation of the p38 MAPK pathway by Gal-1 plays a negative role in MMP1 production. Taken together, two MAPK pathways are stimulated by increasing levels of Gal-1 in the HG condition, leading to suppression of COL1 expression and increase of MMP1 expression.

  7. Smart Thermostats in Residential Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a standard unit of measurement for efficiency of HVAC operation - essentially a rating system, like "miles per gallon" - that can be used to evaluate and compare services. We...

  8. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Delivers Cost and Schedule Validation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    be an industrial complex of facilities for separating and vitrifying (immobilizing in glass) millions of gallons of radioactive and chemical wastes stored at the Hanford Site....

  9. G:\\ESS\\248 RCRA\\SWMU Report Cor

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    gallon drums on pallets on the ground. WASTE DESCRIPTION: PPE, plastic sheeting, and PVC tubing. WASTE QUANTITY: According to Geo Consultants personnel this GSA held a maximum...

  10. G:\\ESS\\248 RCRA\\SWMU Report Cor

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    requirements. WASTE DESCRIPTION: PCB light ballast, PCB solids, PCB waste water, PVC pipe fittings, ductwork, and poly sheets. WASTE QUANTITY: Seven 55-gallon drums as of...

  11. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gallons per Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1995...

  12. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Gallons per Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1997...

  13. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Gallons per Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1996...

  14. FROM: Keith Dennis, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    standards for large (>55 gallon) residential electric storage water heaters used in demand response and thermal energy storage programs (Docket No. EERE-2012-BT-STD-0022). In...

  15. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    on a gasoline gallon equivalent basis. For more information, including applicable tax rates, see the Pennsylvania Department of Revenue website. Certain exemptions apply....

  16. Data:3e3005ab-92ad-41bf-a8ca-0d19b880303d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (30 to 74 gallon capacity) Sector: Residential Description: Rates are subject to an Energy Cost Adjustment Tracking Factor, determined quarterly, to reflect changes in the...

  17. Data:Babe856b-ea7a-49ef-b709-a8c39c96076b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (75 gallons or greater capacity) Sector: Residential Description: Rates are subject to an Energy Cost Adjustment Tracking Factor, determined quarterly, to reflect changes in the...

  18. Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    250 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

  19. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  20. Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

  1. Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  2. Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type (Million Gallons per Day) - Continued Year...

  3. Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    table. 56 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  4. Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  5. Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

  6. Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  7. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    table. 56 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  8. Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    134 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  9. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    221 Volumes of Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular...

  10. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  11. Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

  12. Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  13. Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 401 Table A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District and State, 1984-Present (Cents per Gallon...

  14. Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District and State, 1984-Present (Cents per Gallon...

  15. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    8 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  16. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Volumes of Petroleum Products Table 39. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular...

  17. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  18. Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    table. 56 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  19. Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  20. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    table. 56 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  1. Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

  2. Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  3. Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

  4. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 Volumes of Petroleum Products Table 39. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular...

  5. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    7 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  6. Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  7. Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    250 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

  8. Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

  9. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    table. 56 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  10. Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Year Month...

  11. Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    134 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  12. Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  13. Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type (Million Gallons per Day) - Continued Year...

  14. Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  15. Progress and Accomplishments in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    range of natural gas prices -- a cost that is competitive with gasoline.6 Reduced the cost of producing.00/gallon gasoline equivalent (gge) produced (

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    etching Materials Science Websites Summary: with DI water THREE times. Place the rinsed bottle next to the 5 gallon solvent waste container, located etchant at room temperature...

  17. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

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    gallons of fuel each year. Arc Position Sensing: Flaws in specialty metals used in aerospace and other advanced applications are often caused by solidification problems that...

  19. Data:Ce18419d-c9a8-4262-9b0f-b19dfd989e19 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  1. Data:Fcd6d1ad-a904-4a0b-94a6-e8c4396e132b | Open Energy Information

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    federal investments for the construction and commissioning of biorefineries: Emerald Biofuels: To build and operate an 82 million gallon per year refinery on the Gulf Coast to...

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    million gallons of ethanol produced from Missouri agricultural products or qualified biomass each fiscal year, up to 3.125 million per producer per fiscal year. Ethanol must...

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    suitable for a 50 gallon unit, which is both more efficient than current mechanical compressors, but also scalable. The technology uses a new high performance, low cost membrane...

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    supply of ethanol and biodiesel for transportation. Current1 bil- lion gallons of biodiesel (primarily soy) and anothercellulosic sources Biodiesel Petroleum† et al. 2007). Some

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    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Ethanol and Biobutanol Production Incentive Qualified and licensed ethanol and biobutanol producers are eligible for a 0.20 per gallon production incentive for ethanol and...

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    Ethanol Production Incentive Ethanol producers may qualify for an income tax credit equal to 30% of production facility nameplate capacity between 500,000 and 15 million gallons...

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    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

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    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    generating 1 megawatt (Mw) of electricity. The Columbus digester is creating excess biogas that has the potential to generate 275,912 gallons of gasoline equivalent (gge) each...

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    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Texas Transportation Institute, public transportation was responsible for a savings of 450 million gallons of fuel in 2011. High-occupancy vehicle lanes, combined with other...

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    capable of delivering between 100 - 450 gallons per minute (gpm) of chromium contaminated water from three extraction wells to two nearby treatment units from which treated water...

  16. Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 191 Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States (Cents per Gallon...

  17. Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    200 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon...

  18. Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

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    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    200 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon...

  20. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1999 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  1. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    19 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year Aviation...

  2. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1995 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  3. Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Marketing Annual 1999 421 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  4. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1998 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  5. Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1995 467 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

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    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Blend Mandate Within one year after the Montana Department of Transportation has certified that ethanol producers in the state have produced a total of 40 million gallons of...

  7. DOE/NETL-2010/???? DOE/NETL-341/013113

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Gallons per minute Hg Mercury HGCU Hot-gas-cleanup unit HP High pressure HRSG Heat recovery steam generator IGCC Integrated gasification combined cycle ISO International...

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

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    fracturing,  or  “fracking. ”  In  this  process,  fluids  a  coal  bed  through  fracking  requires  between  50,000  gallons  of  water.  Fracking  to  create  a  well  in  a  

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    190 million curies in 53 million gallons of highly radioactive and mixed hazardous waste stored in underground storage tanks at the Hanford Site. The tank waste includes...

  10. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Naphtha- Type Jet Fuel Kerosene- Type Jet Fuel Propane (Consumer Grade) Residual Fuel Oil Sulfur Less...

  11. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Naphtha- Type Jet Fuel Kerosene- Type Jet Fuel Propane (Consumer Grade) Residual Fuel Oil Sulfur Less...

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    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    and emissions by using alternative fuels and improving vehicle fleet fuel efficiency. State agencies and other affected entities may substitute the use of 450 gallons of...

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    Significant Impact FR Federal Register FRP Facilities Revitalization Project FWS U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service FY fiscal year gpm gallons per minute JINS Joint Institute for...

  14. Low Carbon Fuel Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Dan; Yeh, Sonia

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    emissions for fuels such as biofuels, electric- ity, andcould, for instance, sell biofuels or buy credits fromthat 36 billion gallons of biofuels be sold annu- ally by

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    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    620 Title: BC Replacement Vacuum Truck Description: Subcontractor shall provide a new 3,000 gallon vacuum truck to replace the existing BC vacuum truck, BCVT1. Regulatory...

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    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

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    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 203 Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  19. Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Marketing Annual 1999 359 Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  1. Appendix A

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Petroleum product prices (2012 dollars per gallon, unless otherwise noted) Sector and fuel Reference case Annual growth 2012-2040 (percent) 2011 2012 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040...

  2. Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 337 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  3. Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1999 295 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  4. Table A3. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Distillate and Residual...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1999 441 Table A3. RefinerReseller Prices of Distillate and Residual Fuel Oils, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  5. Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 245 Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  6. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Marketing Annual 1996 401 Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  7. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1997 401 Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  8. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  9. Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  10. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  11. Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  12. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  13. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  14. Table 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type (Million Gallons per Day) - Continued Year...

  15. A Water Conservation Scenario for the Residential and Industrial Sectors in California: Potential Saveings of Water and Related Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

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    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

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  18. UNIT NUMBER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 UNIT NAME C-611 Underaround Diesel Tank REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Immediately southeast of C-611 APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 1000 gallon FUNCTION: Diesel storage OPERATIONAL...

  19. Biodiesel Research Update

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Fuels Technology Subprogram U.S. Biodiesel Feedstock Supply Analysis * 1.7 billion annual gallon existing resource * Additional...

  20. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Biodiesel Blending Facility Loading Fee Deduction In calculating the annual petroleum products loading fee, a facility owner may deduct the number of biodiesel gallons delivered to...

  1. Final LLNL Volume 1 - ES&H 2002.PDF

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    for disposal, including approximately 200 55-gallon drums that contain pyrophoric depleted uranium machine turnings. 8 3.0 CONCLUSIONS OAK and LLNL have worked...

  2. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (million gallons) Fuel Oil Energy Intensity (gallonssquare foot) Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All...

  3. Fundamental Studies on the Effects of Microstructure on Thermal Conductivity in Nano-Thermoelectric Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alaniz, Joseph Edward

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy created through burning fossil fuels, leading to an estimated equivalent waste of approximately 200 million gallons of gasoline from light

  4. Clean Cities Now: Vol. 17, No. 1, Spring 2013 (Brochure), Energy...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    savings totals 2 billion gallons NREL publishes first Clean Cities Annual Metrics Report DOE designates 2 coalitions DOE designates 3 coalitions DOE designates 24 coalitions...

  5. --No Title--

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    replace three residential standard 30 & 40 gallon propane fired water heaters with propane- fired on-demand water heaters (tankless). These new water heaters would reduce the...

  6. Data:1e9173bb-c50c-4825-a0ba-3d2427d8e9ea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Valley Elec Coop Inc Effective date: 20120401 End date if known: Rate name: Controlled Water Heaters - Storage Capacity over 80 Gallons with Sub-meter Sector: Description: This...

  7. Data:341d3c68-beb8-44cd-bd6c-06ded9ea582d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Valley Elec Coop Inc Effective date: 20120401 End date if known: Rate name: Controlled Water Heaters - Storage Capacity over 80 Gallons with No Sub-meter Sector: Residential...

  8. Data:D8fcbc23-aaeb-449d-8bbf-12d2dcef3e75 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Valley Elec Coop Inc Effective date: 20120401 End date if known: Rate name: Controlled Water Heaters - Storage Capacity under 80 Gallons with No Sub-meter Sector: Residential...

  9. Sorbent Testing for the Solidification of Organic Process Waste streams from the Radiochemical Engineering Development Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bickford, J.; Foote, M. [MSE Technology Applications, Inc., Montana (United States); Taylor, P. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (United States)

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has tasked MSE Technology Applications, Inc. (MSE) with evaluating various sorbents to solidify the radioactive liquid organic waste from the Radiochemical Engineering Development Center (REDC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). REDC recovers and purifies heavy elements (berkelium, californium, einsteinium, and fermium) from irradiated targets for research and industrial applications. Both aqueous and organic waste streams are discharged from REDC. Organic waste is generated from the plutonium/uranium extraction (PUREX), Cleanex, and Pubex processes.1 The PUREX waste derives from an organic-aqueous isotope separation process for plutonium and uranium fission products, the Cleanex waste derives from the removal of fission products and other impurities from the americium/curium product, and the Pubex waste is derived from the separation process of plutonium from dissolved targets. An aqueous waste stream is also produced from these separation processes. MSE has been tasked to test a grouting formula for the aqueous waste stream that includes specially formulated radioactive shielding materials developed by Science and Technology Applications, LLC. This paper will focus on the sorbent testing work. Based on work performed at Savannah River Site (SRS) (Refs. 1, 2), ORNL tested and evaluated three sorbents capable of solidifying the PUREX, Pubex, and Cleanex waste streams and a composite of the three organic waste streams: Imbiber Beads{sup R} IMB230301 (Imbiber Beads), Nochar A610 Petro Bond, and Petroset II Granular{sup TM} (Petroset II-G). Surrogates of the PUREX, Pubex, Cleanex, and a composite organic waste were used for the bench-scale testing. Recommendations resulting from the ORNL testing included follow-on testing by MSE for two of the three sorbents: Nochar Petro Bond and Petroset II-G. MSE recommended that another clay sorbent, Organoclay BM-QT-199, be added to the test sequence. The sorbent/surrogate combinations were tested at bench scale, 19-liter (L) [5-gallon (gal)] bucket scale, and 208-L (55-gal) drum scale. The testing performed by MSE will help ORNL select the right solidification materials and wasteform generation methods for the design of a new treatment facility. The results could also be used to help demonstrate that ORNL could meet the waste acceptance criteria for the ultimate disposal site for the waste-forms. The organics will be solidified as transuranic waste for disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, and the aqueous waste stream will be grouted and disposed of at the Nevada Test Site as low-level waste if real waste testing indicates similar results to the surrogate testing. The objective of this work was to identify a sorbent capable of solidifying PUREX, Pubex, and Cleanex organic wastes individually and a composite of the three organic waste streams. The sorbent and surrogate combinations must also be compatible with processing equipment and maintain stability under a variety of conditions that could occur during storage/shipment of the solidified wastes. (authors)

  10. Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking: A Design Case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, Susanne B.; Valkenburt, Corinne; Walton, Christie W.; Elliott, Douglas C.; Holladay, Johnathan E.; Stevens, Don J.; Kinchin, Christopher; Czernik, Stefan

    2009-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate a processing pathway for converting biomass into infrastructure-compatible hydrocarbon biofuels. This design case investigates production of fast pyrolysis oil from biomass and the upgrading of that bio-oil as a means for generating infrastructure-ready renewable gasoline and diesel fuels. This study has been conducted using similar methodology and underlying basis assumptions as the previous design cases for ethanol. The overall concept and specific processing steps were selected because significant data on this approach exists in the public literature. The analysis evaluates technology that has been demonstrated at the laboratory scale or is in early stages of commercialization. The fast pyrolysis of biomass is already at an early stage of commercialization, while upgrading bio-oil to transportation fuels has only been demonstrated in the laboratory and at small engineering development scale. Advanced methods of pyrolysis, which are under development, are not evaluated in this study. These may be the subject of subsequent analysis by OBP. The plant is designed to use 2000 dry metric tons/day of hybrid poplar wood chips to produce 76 million gallons/year of gasoline and diesel. The processing steps include: 1.Feed drying and size reduction 2.Fast pyrolysis to a highly oxygenated liquid product 3.Hydrotreating of the fast pyrolysis oil to a stable hydrocarbon oil with less than 2% oxygen 4.Hydrocracking of the heavy portion of the stable hydrocarbon oil 5.Distillation of the hydrotreated and hydrocracked oil into gasoline and diesel fuel blendstocks 6. Hydrogen production to support the hydrotreater reactors. The "as received" feedstock to the pyrolysis plant will be "reactor ready". This development will likely further decrease the cost of producing the fuel. An important sensitivity is the possibility of co-locating the plant with an existing refinery. In this case, the plant consists only of the first three steps: feed prep, fast pyrolysis, and upgrading. Stabilized, upgraded pyrolysis oil is transferred to the refinery for separation and finishing into motor fuels. The off-gas from the hydrotreaters is also transferred to the refinery, and in return the refinery provides lower-cost hydrogen for the hydrotreaters. This reduces the capital investment. Production costs near $2/gal (in 2007 dollars) and petroleum industry infrastructure-ready products make the production and upgrading of pyrolysis oil to hydrocarbon fuels an economically attractive source of renewable fuels. The study also identifies technical areas where additional research can potentially lead to further cost improvements.

  11. Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking: A Design Case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, Susanne B.; Valkenburt, Corinne; Walton, Christie W.; Elliott, Douglas C.; Holladay, Johnathan E.; Stevens, Don J.; Kinchin, Christopher; Czernik, Stefan

    2009-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate a processing pathway for converting biomass into infrastructure-compatible hydrocarbon biofuels. This design case investigates production of fast pyrolysis oil from biomass and the upgrading of that bio-oil as a means for generating infrastructure-ready renewable gasoline and diesel fuels. This study has been conducted using the same methodology and underlying basis assumptions as the previous design cases for ethanol. The overall concept and specific processing steps were selected because significant data on this approach exists in the public literature. The analysis evaluates technology that has been demonstrated at the laboratory scale or is in early stages of commercialization. The fast pyrolysis of biomass is already at an early stage of commercialization, while upgrading bio-oil to transportation fuels has only been demonstrated in the laboratory and at small engineering development scale. Advanced methods of pyrolysis, which are under development, are not evaluated in this study. These may be the subject of subsequent analysis by OBP. The plant is designed to use 2000 dry metric tons/day of hybrid poplar wood chips to produce 76 million gallons/year of gasoline and diesel. The processing steps include: 1.Feed drying and size reduction 2.Fast pyrolysis to a highly oxygenated liquid product 3.Hydrotreating of the fast pyrolysis oil to a stable hydrocarbon oil with less than 2% oxygen 4.Hydrocracking of the heavy portion of the stable hydrocarbon oil 5.Distillation of the hydrotreated and hydrocracked oil into gasoline and diesel fuel blendstocks 6. Hydrogen production to support the hydrotreater reactors. The “as received” feedstock to the pyrolysis plant will be “reactor ready.” This development will likely further decrease the cost of producing the fuel. An important sensitivity is the possibility of co-locating the plant with an existing refinery. In this case, the plant consists only of the first three steps: feed prep, fast pyrolysis, and upgrading. Stabilized, upgraded pyrolysis oil is transferred to the refinery for separation and finishing into motor fuels. The off-gas from the hydrotreaters is also transferred to the refinery, and in return the refinery provides lower-cost hydrogen for the hydrotreaters. This reduces the capital investment. Production costs near $2/gal (in 2007 dollars) and petroleum industry infrastructure-ready products make the production and upgrading of pyrolysis oil to hydrocarbon fuels an economically attractive source of renewable fuels. The study also identifies technical areas where additional research can potentially lead to further cost improvements.

  12. Small Column Ion Exchange Design and Safety Strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huff, T.; Rios-Armstrong, M.; Edwards, R.; Herman, D.

    2011-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Small Column Ion Exchange (SCIX) is a transformational technology originally developed by the Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management (EM-30) office and is now being deployed at the Savannah River Site (SRS) to significantly increase overall salt processing capacity and accelerate the Liquid Waste System life-cycle. The process combines strontium and actinide removal using Monosodium Titanate (MST), Rotary Microfiltration, and cesium removal using Crystalline Silicotitanate (CST, specifically UOP IONSIV{reg_sign}IE-911 ion exchanger) to create a low level waste stream to be disposed in grout and a high level waste stream to be vitrified. The process also includes preparation of the streams for disposal, e.g., grinding of the loaded CST material. These waste processing components are technically mature and flowsheet integration studies are being performed including glass formulations studies, application specific thermal modeling, and mixing studies. The deployment program includes design and fabrication of the Rotary Microfilter (RMF) assembly, ion-exchange columns (IXCs), and grinder module, utilizing an integrated system safety design approach. The design concept is to install the process inside an existing waste tank, Tank 41H. The process consists of a feed pump with a set of four RMFs, two IXCs, a media grinder, three Submersible Mixer Pumps (SMPs), and all supporting infrastructure including media receipt and preparation facilities. The design addresses MST mixing to achieve the required strontium and actinide removal and to prevent future retrieval problems. CST achieves very high cesium loadings (up to 1,100 curies per gallon (Ci/gal) bed volume). The design addresses the hazards associated with this material including heat management (in column and in-tank), as detailed in the thermal modeling. The CST must be size reduced for compatibility with downstream processes. The design addresses material transport into and out of the grinder and includes provisions for equipment maintenance including remote handling. The design includes a robust set of nuclear safety controls compliant with DOE Standard (STD)-1189, Integration of Safety into the Design Process. The controls cover explosions, spills, boiling, aerosolization, and criticality. Natural Phenomena Hazards (NPH) including seismic event, tornado/high wind, and wildland fire are considered. In addition, the SCIX process equipment was evaluated for impact to existing facility safety equipment including the waste tank itself. SCIX is an innovative program which leverages DOE's technology development capabilities to provide a basis for a successful field deployment.

  13. INFRASTRUCTURE ECOLOGY: AN EVOLVING PARADIGM FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Suman

    /kWh for hydroelectric Energy for Water: · 4% of total electricity consumption in US for water and wastewater sector; 19.Pandit@gatech.edu #12;City People Economy Transportation Energy Water Waste Buildings Parks Government And many more: · Average consumptive use in US: 2.0 Gal/kWh · 0.5 Gal/kWh for thermoelectric; 18.0 Gal

  14. Galxias Ativas, Quasares e Buracos Negros Supermassivos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    dos Santos, C.A.

    -galáxia) Centaurus A (BN de 100 Milhões de massas Solares) 3) Buracos negros supermassivos: #12;Fonte de Energia das Galáxia (AGN) São galáxias que emitem uma enorme quantidade de energia com espectro não térmico. Ou seja (Carl Seyfert ­ 1943): Apresentam um núcleo ativo muito brilhante . A energia emitida pelo núcleo é

  15. ayub teaching hospital: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University of Virginia Tim Kraft, University of Virginia Gal Raz, University of Virginia daniel h. wagner Prize Assaf Avrahami, yedioth Group, Israel yale, Cornell University...

  16. aminu kano teaching: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University of Virginia Tim Kraft, University of Virginia Gal Raz, University of Virginia daniel h. wagner Prize Assaf Avrahami, yedioth Group, Israel yale, Cornell University...

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - actively inflamed liver Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: injection of iNKT activator -galactosylceramide ( -GalCer)...

  18. NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Columbus, OH 43207 Ohio Advanced Transportation Partnership (OATP) Installation of propane vehicle fueling station: 2 - 1000 gal. propane storage tanks on skids, 1 AutoGas...

  19. Suggestions For Weed Control In Cotton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baumann, Paul A.; Lemon, Robert G.

    2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    broadcast Time to apply Remarks Many annual grasses and small-seeded broad- leaf weeds Refer to label for weed- specific rates. Prowl ? 3.3EC 1.2?4.8 pt (pendimethalin) BASF 10 gal water or more by ground. 5 gal or more by air. May also be applied... Herbicide common name Spray volume per acre broadcast Time to apply Remarks Refer to label for list of grasses and broadleaf species controlled or suppressed. Prowl ? H 2 O 1?4 pt (pendimethalin) BASF 10 gal water or more by ground. 5 gal or more...

  20. Engineering Biomaterials for Stem Cell Culture through the Identification of Novel Peptides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Lauren Elizabeth

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SVZ subventricular zone vi TCPS TEG TGF YIGSR X-gal tissue11-yl) triethylene glycol (TEG) thiol was generated on gold.

  1. EXAMEN DEL OBJETO Y FINES DE LA LEY DE COMPETENCIA DE EL SALVADOR DESDE LA PERSPECTIVA DEL ANÁLISIS ECONÓMICO DEL DERECHO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arrieta de Carsana, Lilliam Virginia

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    que se maximice el bienestar social. Vid. GAL, M.S. ,social o política y porque su promoción produce resultados que inciden en el bienestar

  2. Suggestions for Weed Control in Peanuts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baumann, Paul A.; Lemon, Robert G.

    2001-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    and restrictions . Annual grasses , small- F r ontier 6.0? 20 to 32 oz. Preplant Same as abo v e . seeded broadleaf w eeds Outlook 6.0? incorporated , and y ello w nutsedge (dimethenamid) preemergence B ASF 6 T able 2. Pr eplant incorpor ated and pr eemer g ence.... S ygenta F rontier?, Outlook? dimethenamid 6 lbs ./gal. B ASF P o ast Plus? setho xy dim 1 lb ./gal. B ASF Pro wl? pendimethalin 3.3 lbs ./gal. B ASF Pursuit DG? imazethap yr 0.125 lb ./soluble pack et B ASF R oundup Ultra? glyphosate 4 lbs ./gal...

  3. REMARQUES SUR LE MCANISME DE LA PHOSPHORESCENCE DANS LES CRISTAUX Par DANIEL CURIE.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    retomber dans un centre luminog6ne vido .quel- conque. Le nombre 1) d'61ectrous, excit6s 6tant 6gal à celui

  4. DOE/LX/07-0268&D1 Secondary Document DMSA C-400-01 Solid Waste...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from the SWMU. Newly generated RCRA hazardousmixed waste formerly stored included two plastic bottles marked Penetone (a cleaning solution) and a five gal container of oil...

  5. The Social-Cost Calculator (SCC): Documentation of Methods and Data, and Case Study of Sacramento

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Energy, data on the retail price of gasoline in the U. S.Retail price including federal and state taxes ($/gal, except ratio) Gasoline

  6. THE SOCIAL-COST CALCULATOR (SCC): DOCUMENTATION OF METHODS AND DATA, AND CASE STUDY OF SACRAMENTO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Energy, data on the retail price of gasoline in the U. S.Retail price including federal and state taxes ($/gal, except ratio) Gasoline

  7. NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Oak Creek, WI 53154 Wisconsin Clean Transportation Partnership: Riteway Bus Services Propane Fueling Infrastructure Construct 3800 gal. above-ground propane fueling station...

  8. GHPs Save Heating Cost and Improve Air Quality in Poultry Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    § Propane vs natural gas § Fuel management § Utility company § Capacity, NEVADA 7 § High energy baseline (propane) § Open space for underground loop, 2013 ¢ LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 8 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT 1 gallon propane 0.8 gallon water CO, NO, SO2

  9. 11Water on the Moon ! The debate has gone back and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    regolith, billions of gallons of water are available for harvesting by future astronauts. The image surface has to be processed to extract 1 liter (0.26 gallons) of water. Problem 1 ­ The radius of the moon11Water on the Moon ! The debate has gone back and forth over the last 10 years as new data

  10. Test Report for Low Water Consumption Stainless Steel Water Closet Toilets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claridge, D. E.; Boecker, C. L.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from 4.0 gallons to 1.6 gallons and modifying the rinse ring holes. TDC5 is intended for use within the Texas prison system only and does not satisfy the performance requirements of the ASME Standard at the specified operating pressure of 35 psi static...

  11. Posted: 6:00 a.m. Wednesday, June 20, 2012 Fourth of July travelers expected to stretch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belogay, Eugene A.

    Wednesday, Thursday and Friday off. Some people will take the whole week off." Declining gasoline prices a gallon for gas than they did a year ago. In Palm Beach County, the average price for a gallon of regular gasoline Tuesday was $3.46. Auto trips are expected to increase 4 percent over last year, accounting for 84

  12. William W. Hay Railroad Engineering Seminar Freight Railroad Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    fuel & alternatives (Btu's per gallon) Biodiesel, Fischer-Tropsch syn fuel & DME Liquefied natural.2008 Billion US gallons = 27.258 Billion liters of diesel fuel equivalent * Ton-mile statistics from US DOT (importance v difficulties) North American freight RRs (defining characteristics) Energy density of diesel

  13. Attachment E TIPS FOR REPORTING COMPLIANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    /MONTH · Record the Total the number of Passengers for the Month (this does not include the driver) FUEL/FLUID TYPES · Record the Fuel Type and Price Per Gallon on the corresponding date line · Record the Total Fuel Quantity (total gallons, including tenths, of fuel purchased) · Record the Total Fuel Cost (total the cost

  14. TIPS FOR REPORTING COMPLIANCE Attachment E

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yuanlin

    /MONTH Record the Total Number of Passengers for the Month (this does not include the driver). FUEL/FLUID TYPES Record the Fuel Type and Price per Gallon on the corresponding date line. Record the Total Fuel Quantity (total gallons including tenths of fuel purchased). Record the Total Fuel Cost (total cost of the fuel

  15. the promise of biotechnology Through biotechnology, scientists and engineers work with biological systems at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisen, Michael

    near-term candidates are advanced biofuels--liquid fuels produced from the mix of complex sugars Research Center whose mission is to speed development of advanced biofuels made from the cellulosic biomass of non-food crops. These biofuels can replace petroleum-based fuels on a gallon-for-gallon basis

  16. WSU's conservation program is primarily driven by the desire to minimize impacts on water resources, namely the regional aquifer, and to meet regulatory requirements. The official goal is to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Consumption (AC) ­ Annual Volume 491,735,000Total Water Produced and Purchased (TP) ­ Annual Volume was commissioned in April 2009. The construction of this facility utilizes water filtration and chemical treatment period listed above, WSU total water produced was 491.7 million gallons which is 70.25 million gallons

  17. Sprays and Spraying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paddock, F.B. (Floyd B.)

    1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ......................................... Fly Poison 13 ..................................... Contact Insecticides 14 ................................... Lime Sulfur Wash 14 ................................... Kerosene Emlllsion 17' .......................... Commercial Tobacco Extract...-SULFI MIXTURES. I Amount of ~ilutiin Number of Gallons of Water to One Gallon 'of Lime-Sulfur Solution. Reading on Hydrometer. For San Jose For Summer / Scale of Winter I For Blister Mite. 1 Spraying of I Strength. I I I I 1 Kerosene Emulsion. Kerosene...

  18. Thermal Storage Systems at IBM Facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, G.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1979, IBM commissioned its first large scale thermal storage system with a capacity of 2.7 million gallons of chilled water and 1.2 million gallons of reclaimed, low temperature hot water. The stored cooling energy represents approximately 27...

  19. Project Title: Advanced Thermal Hydrogen Compression Contractor: Ergenics, Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    goals of: Long Term: $1.50/gallon of gasoline equivalent (2010) Near Term: $3.00/gallon of gasoline development. H2 Purity: Increase H2 quality to protect both fuel cell catalyst and advanced hydrogen storage a baseline for understanding impurity impact on advanced storage materials (alanates & carbon nanomaterials

  20. www.sciam.com SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN 49 Pumping carbon dioxide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    for capture and storage already exists and that the obstacles hindering implementa- tion seem to the gallon and go 10,000 miles next year, you will need to buy 330 gallons-- about a ton--of gasoline. Burning that much gasoline sends around three tons of carbon dioxide out the tailpipe. Al- though CO2

  1. SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    AND PATHS FORWARD · Biofuels can be blended with gasoline or diesel and used in existing vehicles, which.S. transportation fuel demand (15­45 billion gallons gasoline equivalent per year) with biofuels costing $3­4 per gallon gasoline equivalent (gge). Biofuel costs would increase sharply above this level of demand because

  2. www.vics.org1 2008 Voluntary Interindustry Commerce Solutions (VICS) Association September 27, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    to match carrier availability (empty miles) with transportation demand (loads) delivered. · A toolset of diesel · The equivalent of nearly 20 barrels of crude oil · At $4.09 per gallon ­ that's over $15 week. CO2 emissions are based on the EPA emissions calculator (22 lbs per gallon diesel) Fuel

  3. Economic Impact Analysis of Exchange Rate, RFS2, and Farm Program Support Changes on the U.S. Crop Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhew, Chanhee

    2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    ........................................................................................................... 103 Ethanol ........................................................................................................... 108 Biodiesel... (especially those of biodiesel) in that a biofuel sector is highly dependent on government programs (Elam 2008; Kouplow 2006). The RFS2 requires mandatory use of biofuels to increase to 36 billion gallons per year (with a maximum of 15 billion gallons...

  4. SENS HOUSE TOUR Welcome to the Sustainability and Environmental Studies (SENS) House. Four

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    , the house has a wood stove and small super efficient natural gas heaters in the bedrooms and bathrooms gallons of water and the full flush uses 1.6 gallons of water. The water in this toilet is treated with informational displays). All of the sewage in the new part of the EcoVillage is treated by the EM. First water

  5. FEMP Designated Product Assessment for Commercial Gas Water Heaters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Jim

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rating of at least 4000 Btu per hour per gallon of storedpackaged boiler that has an input rating from 300,000 Btu/hrto 12,500,000 Btu/hr (and at least 4,000 Btu/hr per gallon

  6. Characterization of the Old Hydrofracture Facility (OHF) waste tanks located at ORNL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keller, J.M.; Giaquinto, J.M.; Meeks, A.M.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Old Hydrofracture Facility (OHF) is located in Melton Valley within Waste Area Grouping (WAG) 5 and includes five underground storage tanks (T1, T2, T3, T4, and T9) ranging from 13,000 to 25,000 gal. capacity. During the period of 1996--97 there was a major effort to re-sample and characterize the contents of these inactive waste tanks. The characterization data summarized in this report was needed to address waste processing options, examine concerns dealing with the performance assessment (PA) data for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), evaluate the waste characteristics with respect to the waste acceptance criteria (WAC) for WIPP and Nevada Test Site (NTS), address criticality concerns, and to provide the data needed to meet DOT requirements for transporting the waste. This report discusses the analytical characterization data collected on both the supernatant and sludge samples taken from three different locations in each of the OHF tanks. The isotopic data presented in this report supports the position that fissile isotopes of uranium ({sup 233}U and {sup 235}U) do not satisfy the denature ratios required by the administrative controls stated in the ORNL LLLW waste acceptance criteria (WAC). The fissile isotope of plutonium ({sup 239}Pu and {sup 241}Pu) are diluted with thorium far above the WAC requirements. In general, the OHF sludge was found to be hazardous (RCRA) based on total metal content and the transuranic alpha activity was well above the 100 nCi/g limit for TRU waste. The characteristics of the OHF sludge relative to the WIPP WAC limits for fissile gram equivalent, plutonium equivalent activity, and thermal power from decay heat were estimated from the data in this report and found to be far below the upper boundary for any of the remote-handled transuranic waste (RH-TRU) requirements for disposal of the waste in WIPP.

  7. unknown title

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    The need for used oil conservation, recycling, and ultimate nonpolluting disposal has been a matter of increasing concern since the early 1960s. The oil embargo of 1974, the energy crisis which emerged in 1979, and as much as a tenfold increase in the price of imported crude oil have even more strongly emphasized the need for oil conservation and recycling. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that the U.S. annually generates approximately 1.O billion gallons of recoverable used oil (Table I). * Approximately 70 million gallons are rerefined as lubricating oils. An estimated 60 million gallons are reprocessed for use as metalworking oils and other industrial oils and an estimated 150 million gallons are sprayed on roads and for other uses. Approximately 500 million gallons are used as fuel, usually mixed with virgin residual and distillate fuels.

  8. Chapter 5 -Linear Systems Math 267, Ordinary differential equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -1). #12;Chapter 5 - Linear Systems Spring-mass-spring-mass, Brine tanks I Example 1 Two carts;Chapter 5 - Linear Systems Spring-mass-spring-mass, Brine tanks II computed. Brine (saltwater) goes from 1 at 20 gal/min and brine flows out of tank 2 at 20 gal/min. This can be written as x = - 3 10 x + 1

  9. Session T3F 0-7803-7961-6/03/$17.00 2003 IEEE November 5-8, 2003, Boulder, CO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gal-Ezer, Judith

    SCIENCE COURSES Judith Gal-Ezer1 , Dvir Lanzberg2 1 Judith Gal-Ezer, The Open University of Israel, 16 tools in computer science courses at the Open University of Israel. We believe that computer science of 2003, most of the face-to-face tutorials in the course "Data Structures" were replaced by online

  10. State Laboratory Program -Calibration Scope Summary NIST Weights and Measures 1 of 4 March 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    % to 14 % Wheat 18 % to 13 % Soy Bean 17 % to 12 % Hawaii 2013-2014 1 kg to 1 mg 2 lb to 0.001 lb 8 oz 8 oz to 0.03125 oz 100 gal to 5 gal Los Angeles County 2014 10 kg to 100 g 5000 lb to 1 lb 8 oz to 4

  11. Controlling Weeds and Volunteer Crops During Fallow Periods.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiese, A.F.; Chenault, E.W.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BASF Poast Haloxyfop Dow Chemical Co. Verdict Sulfosate Stauffer Chemical Co. Touchdown Trimethylnonyl DuPont Co. WK Surfactant polyethoxyethanol 2,4-D Several 2,4-D 6 poor none 0.5 0.25 0.25 Formulation 90% 80% 2lb/gal 1.67Ib/gal 4lb...

  12. Rank Project Name Directorate, Dept/Div

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,370.00 0.32 72 ft3 solid rad waste; 35 gal of mixed waste; 108 gal of haz waste; 324 ft3 of rad DIS waste 6Rank Project Name Directorate, Dept/Div and POC Cost Savings Payback (Years) Waste Reduction 1 waste 2 Replacement of Mercury Thermometers Basic Energy Sciences, Condensed Matter Physics & Material

  13. Commercialization of IH2® Biomass Direct-to-Hydrocarbon Fuel...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Minimum Fuel Selling Price - 0.433L (2007) 0.476L (2012) * 1.64gal 1.80gal * Refinery Synergy wRefinery H 2 Supply * Estimated MFSP 0.359L (2007) 0.394L (2012) 1.36...

  14. Potting Room ____ 5" Labels White

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    gal.) All labs ____ Classic EG 1250 (3 gal.) All labs ____ 4" peat pot GH use ____ 7x9 peat GH use ____ 5" peat pot GH use Soils ____ Cornell Mix General use ____ Cornell + OSMO General use ____ Metro 200 Mix component ____ Perlite Mix component ____ Peat Moss Mix component ____ Turface Mix component

  15. FINDING ECM-FRIENDLY CURVES THROUGH A STUDY OF GALOIS PROPERTIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -used GMP-ECM software [25]). Gen- eralizing the work of Euler and Gauss, Edwards introduced a new normal of Gal(K) which stabilizes p. Call (p) the canonical morphism from Dec(p) to Gal(kp/Fp) and let p

  16. International Multi-Conference on Systems, Signals & Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - gram EVALPSN 104 Kazumi Nakamatsu Keynote Lecture Smart metering based on automated meter reading 106

  17. Repackaging of High Fissile TRU Waste at the Transuranic Waste Processing Center - 13240

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oakley, Brian; Heacker, Fred [WAI, TRU Waste Processing Center, 100 WIPP Road Lenoir City, TN 37771 (United States)] [WAI, TRU Waste Processing Center, 100 WIPP Road Lenoir City, TN 37771 (United States); McMillan, Bill [DOE, Oak Ridge Operations, Bldg. 2714, Oak Ridge, TN 37830 (United States)] [DOE, Oak Ridge Operations, Bldg. 2714, Oak Ridge, TN 37830 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Twenty-six drums of high fissile transuranic (TRU) waste from Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) operations were declared waste in the mid-1980's and placed in storage with the legacy TRU waste inventory for future treatment and disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). Repackaging and treatment of the waste at the TRU Waste Packaging Center (TWPC) will require the installation of additional equipment and capabilities to address the hazards for handling and repackaging the waste compared to typical Contact Handled (CH) TRU waste that is processed at the TWPC, including potential hydrogen accumulation in legacy 6M/2R packaging configurations, potential presence of reactive plutonium hydrides, and significant low energy gamma radiation dose rates. All of the waste is anticipated to be repackaged at the TWPC and certified for disposal at WIPP. The waste is currently packaged in multiple layers of containers which presents additional challenges for repackaging activities due to the potential for the accumulation of hydrogen gas in the container headspace in quantities than could exceed the Lower Flammability Limit (LFL). The outer container for each waste package is a stainless steel 0.21 m{sup 3} (55-gal) drum which contains either a 0.04 m{sup 3} or 0.06 m{sup 3} (10-gal or 15-gal) 6M drum. The inner 2R container in each 6M drum is ?12 cm (5 in) outside diameter x 30-36 cm (12-14 in) long and is considered to be a > 4 liter sealed container relative to TRU waste packaging criteria. Inside the 2R containers are multiple configurations of food pack cans, pipe nipples, and welded capsules. The waste contains significant quantities of high burn-up plutonium oxides and metals with a heavy weight percentage of higher atomic mass isotopes and the subsequent in-growth of significant quantities of americium. Significant low energy gamma radiation is expected to be present due to the americium in-growth. Radiation dose rates on inner containers are estimated to be 1-3 mSv/hr (100-300 mrem/hr) with an unshielded dose rate on the waste itself of over 10 mSv/hr (1 rem/hr). Additional equipment to be installed at the TWPC will include a new perma-con enclosure and a shielded/inert glovebox in the process building to repackage and stabilize the waste. All of the waste will be repackaged into Standard Pipe Overpacks. Most of the waste (21 of the 26 drums) is expected to be repackaged at the food-pack can level (i.e. the food-pack cans will not be opened). Five of the incoming waste containers are expected to be repackaged at the primary waste level. Three of the containers exceed the 200 gram Pu-239 Fissile Gram Equivalent (FGE) limit for the Standard Pipe Overpack. These three containers will be repackaged down to the primary waste level and divided into eight Standard Pipe Overpacks for shipment to WIPP. Two containers must be stabilized to eliminate any reactive plutonium hydrides that may be present. These containers will be opened in the inert, shielded glovebox, and the remaining corroded plutonium metal converted to a stable oxide form by using a 600 deg. C tube furnace with controlled oxygen feed in a helium carrier gas. The stabilized waste will then be packaged into two Standard Pipe Overpacks. Design and build out activities for the additional repackaging capabilities at the TWPC are scheduled to begin in Fiscal Year 2013 with repackaging, stabilization, and certification activities scheduled to begin in Fiscal Year 2014. Following repackaging and stabilization activities, the Standard Pipe Overpacks will be certified for disposal at WIPP utilizing Non-Destructive Examination (NDE) to verify the absence of prohibited items and Non-Destructive Assay (NDA) to verify the isotopic content under the TWPC WIPP certification program implemented by the Central Characterization Project (CCP). (authors)

  18. Water Use Permitting (Wisconsin)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Withdrawers in the Great Lakes Basin who withdraw water in quantities that average 100,000 gallons per day or more in any 30-day period are required to get a water use permit. Two types of water...

  19. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Biofuel Production Tax Credit Biofuel producers in New York State may qualify for a state tax credit of 0.15 per gallon of biodiesel (B100) or denatured ethanol produced after the...

  20. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home: Durable Energy Builders, Houston...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    roof, 11,500 gallon rainwater cistern to supply most of the home's drinking water, hurricane-proof roof, and triple-pane windows. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home: Durable Energy...

  1. Analyzing Aqueous Solution Imbibition into Shale and the Effects of Optimizing Critical Fracturing Fluid Additives 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plamin, Sammazo Jean-bertrand

    2013-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Two methods of hydraulic fracturing most widely utilized on unconventional shale gas and oil reservoirs are “gelled fracturing” and “slick-water fracturing”. Both methods utilize up to several million gallons of water-based fluid per well in a...

  2. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    315 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2008 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

  3. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    70 80 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2001 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

  4. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    200 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2007 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

  5. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    S O N D 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 1995 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices and...

  6. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    50 60 J F M A M J J A S O N D 1999 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

  7. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    160 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2006 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

  8. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    80 90 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2000 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

  9. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices and Volumes 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 J...

  10. Prices J F M A M J J A S O N D

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    7 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices and Volumes Figure Volumes J F M A M J J...

  11. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    265 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2009 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

  12. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    45 50 J F M A M J J A S O N D 1998 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

  13. Prices J F M A M J J A S O N D

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    6 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices and Volumes Figure Volumes J F M A M J J...

  14. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    160 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2005 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

  15. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    120 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2004 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

  16. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    120 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2003 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

  17. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    green diesel producers are eligible for a tax credit of 0.01 per gallon of biodiesel or green diesel fuels produced. This credit is available for producers who generate up to two...

  18. SBIR/STTR FY15 Release 1 Awards Announced-Includes Fuel Cell...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and delivering hydrogen to less than 4 per gallon of gasoline equivalent (gge) to enable fuel cell vehicles to be competitive with gasoline vehicles. Key fuel cell objectives are...

  19. Analysis of various fuels in DISI and PFI engines : separating mixing effects from crevice and quench layer effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avadhany, Sareena

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States consumes billions of gallons of gasoline per year, threatening national security and causing environmental problems. Research in automotive research aims to resolve such problems. Solutions include ...

  20. Building Out Alternative Fuel Retail Infrastructure: Government Fleet Spillovers in E85

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corts, Kenneth S.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gallon of gasoline (not E85 or ethanol) consumed, assumingpercentage blend (85% ethanol), known as E85, which can beWisconsin indicate that ethanol blended as E85 accounted for

  1. Transportation Biofuels in the US A Preliminary Innovation Systems Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eggert, Anthony

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    eighty-five percent ethanol (E85). This equipment generallyof E85 actually result in increased ethanol consumption? 2.Gallons of E85 or less than 1% of ethanol sold that year.

  2. Transportation Biofuels in the USA Preliminary Innovation Systems Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eggert, Anthony

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    eighty-five percent ethanol (E85). This equipment generallyof E85 actually result in increased ethanol consumption? 2.Gallons of E85 or less than 1% of ethanol sold that year.

  3. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    03 Table A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District and State, 1984-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year Regular Midgrade Premium...

  4. May 12, 2012 SitRep

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability 2 According to EIA, PADD 3 retail regular gasoline prices rose 0.9 cent to 2.79 per gallon in EIA's weekly survey published on May...

  5. Imagine that, in the not-so-far distant future, Maryland rights its economy to become a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    to recharge at an electric station along the highway. With $4-per-gallon gasoline prices still fresh on gasoline as a backup. The need to end America's dependency on oil has become a national security issue

  6. Fact #692: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy Distribution for New...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (MY) 1975 had combined highwaycity fuel economy of 15 miles per gallon (mpg) or less blue shading. By 2010, 63% of cars had fuel economy of 25 mpg or higher green shading and...

  7. Economic and emissions impacts of renewable fuel goals for aviation in the US

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnachie, Dominic

    The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has a goal that one billion gallons of renewable jet fuel is consumed by the US aviation industry each year from 2018. We examine the economic and emissions impacts of this goal ...

  8. Port Townsend, Washington biomass genera4on of electricity ini4a4ve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by 1.8 million gallons per year due to improvements in the boiler efficiency into town each day?). Suppose the plant is 20% efficient in converting heat into electricity. Dry wood

  9. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    natural gas (CNG) 0.243 per 100 cubic feet Liquefied natural gas 0.178 per gallon Hydrogen 0.07 per 100 cubic feet Hydrogen CNG 0.208 per 100 cubic feet For more information...

  10. Response to Professor Hayes' response. Christopher R. Knittel and Aaron Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothman, Daniel

    1 Response to Professor Hayes' response. Christopher R. Knittel and Aaron Smith We wrote and $1.09/gallon in 2011. These claims have received significant media coverage and have

  11. Fact #587: September 7, 2009 Cash for Clunkers Program - Fuel...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Federal rebate money for consumers who traded old vehicles with an EPA combined fuel economy of 18 miles per gallon or less for brand new vehicles with improved fuel economy. The...

  12. Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon Fact 848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy...

  13. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    State Parkway toll rates through NJ EZ-Pass for drivers of vehicles that have a fuel economy of 45 miles per gallon or higher and meet the California Super Ultra Low Emission...

  14. c34a.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Gallon (dollars) All Buildings ... 3,533 0.10 3.9 0.11 1.11 Building Floorspace...

  15. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, Oct. 2009, p. 60876093 Vol. 75, No. 19 0099-2240/09/$08.00 0 doi:10.1128/AEM.01538-09

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wilfred

    of bioethanol from biomass has recently at- tracted attention due to the mandate for a billion gallons bioethanol more competitive with fossil fuel (29). Cellulosic biomass found in many low-value agricul- tural

  16. Georgia Institute of Technology For more information contact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nair, Sankar

    required to produce bioethanol, or ethanol obtained from the carbohydrates in many agricultural crops Bioethanol produced from corn is being manufactured at a rate of more than five billion gallons per year

  17. Development of grout formulations for 106-AN waste: Mixture-experiment results and analysis. Volume 1, Narrative and recommendations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spence, R.D.; McDaniel, E.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Anderson, C.M.; Lokken, R.O.; Piepel, G.F. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Twenty potential ingredients were identified for use in developing a 106-AN grout formulation, and 18 were subsequently obtained and tested. Four ingredients-Type II-LA (moderate heat of hydration) Portland cement, Class F fly ash, attapulgite 150 drilling clay, and ground air-cooled blast-furnace slag (GABFS) were selected for developing the 106-AN grout formulations. A mixture experiment was designed and conducted around the following formulation: 2.5 lb of cement per gallon, 1.2 lb of fly ash per gallon, 0.8 lb of attapulgite per gallon, and 3.5 lb of GABFS per gallon. Reduced empirical models were generated from the results of the mixture experiment. These models were used to recommend several grout formulations for 106-AN. Westinghouse Hanford Company selected one of these formulations to be verified for use with 106-AN and a backup formulation in case problems arise with the first choice.

  18. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    underground pipeline leak of 1,000,000 liters of gas intoPipeline Safety reported annual leaks of approximately 6.7 million gallons of oil and gas

  19. South Carolina Surface Water Withdrawal, Permitting Use, and Reporting Act (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Surface water withdrawals exceeding three million gallons during any one month require a permit; a permit will only be granted if the Department of Health and Environmental Control determines that...

  20. Market Cost of Renewable Jet Fuel Adoption in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winchester, N.

    The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has a goal that one billion gallons of renewable jet fuel is consumed by the US aviation industry each year from 2018. We examine the cost to US airlines of meeting this goal ...

  1. Animals on Campus Responsible Administrative Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    areas housing hazardous materials or machinery. 3.3 Except for trained service animals1 and fish: March 5, 2013 Page 2 of 2 3.4 Aquariums no larger than 30 gallons containing fish or turtles

  2. Combined Heat and Power System Enables 100% Reliability at Leading...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    generation and 330,000 pph of steam, a 75,000 ton-hour (8.8 million gallon) thermal energy storage tank, and an additional 32,000 tons of chilled water capacity. The CHP system...

  3. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Tax Special fuels, including biodiesel, biodiesel blends, biomass-based diesel, biomass-based diesel blends, and liquefied natural gas, have a reduced tax rate of 0.27 per gallon....

  4. NETPLAN Passenger Network Modeling and Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniels, Thomas E.

    Fuel (M Gallon) -62.76 -3.89 Electricity (GWh) 2.51 0.34 4 #12;CO2 Emission ­ Passenger Transportation.31 times existing fleet availability of passengers cars and trucks (in PCE) · Air - No investments ­ 1

  5. lab_news-2015-04-17.qxp_la02_02-20-04

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    engine flows at high speed needed to maximize miles per gallon. It uses a novel light-emitting diode (LED) driver and optical arrangement to gather more than five times the...

  6. Massachusetts - SEP | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    miles per gallon (MPG) ratings tell us how much gas they'll use. But no universal home energy rating label exists to explain our home's efficiency and how much it will cost to...

  7. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    0.24 per gallon. E85 is defined as an alternative fuel that is a blend of denatured ethanol and hydrocarbon and typically contains 85% ethanol by volume, but must contain at...

  8. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Ethanol Production Tax Credit Qualified ethanol producers are eligible for an income tax credit of 1.00 per gallon of corn- or cellulosic-based ethanol that meets ASTM...

  9. Ethanol Production Tax Credit (Kentucky)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Qualified ethanol producers are eligible for an income tax credit of $1 per gallon of corn- or cellulosic-based ethanol that meets ASTM standard D4806. The total credit amount available for all...

  10. Moving Forward With Fuel Economy Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    $1.85 a gallon. Crude oil prices in early 2009 were stillBut in light of fluctuating oil prices and concerns aboutwhen the inevitable rise in oil prices occurs with economic

  11. Rainwater for the future: Rainwater harvesting increases in popularity across the state 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orth, Melanie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Winter 2011 tx H2O 23 Story by Melanie Orth ] Richard Green constructed an underground 20,000- gallon concrete tank for a rainwater harvesting system for his business. Photo by Richard Green. Rainwater harvesting increases...

  12. New Biorefinery Will Bring Jobs to Northeastern Oregon

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In northeastern Oregon, ZeaChem, a Colorado-based biofuel company, recently broke ground on a 250,000 gallon integrated cellulosic biorefinery. The technology development project is expected to be operating in 2011.

  13. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Renewable Fuel Producer Excise Tax and Inspection Exemption The first 1,000 gallons of renewable fuel that an individual produces each year are exempt from the motor vehicle fuel...

  14. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and food waste generating 1 MWof electricity. The Columbus digester is creating excess biogas that has the potential to generate 275,912 gallons of gasoline equivalent (gge) each...

  15. The Hanford Story: Tank Waste Cleanup

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This fourth chapter of The Hanford Story explains how the DOE Office of River Protection will use the Waste Treatment Plant to treat the 56 million gallons of radioactive waste in the Tank Farms.

  16. Congressional Research Service The Library of Congress CRS Report for Congress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    tenth of one cent per gallon is dedicated to the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund; 2.86 cents taxes have long been a part of our country's revenue history. In the field of gasoline taxation

  17. self-guided tour of the tempe campus "Sustainability is larger than one person, one company, or one country.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    was recycled. Underground Thermal Storage Tank Under the Student Recreation Complex athletic field there is a thermal storage tank containing 5.5 million gallons of chilled water. Water chills at night during non

  18. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Ultra Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End...

  19. December 14, 2009 Application for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    furnaces, one serving the lower floor and one serving the upper floor. A large 75 gallon storage tank water heater serves the whole house. The prototype house description is based on a survey of previously

  20. EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4.09 and 4.49 per gallon in 2035-higher levels than in the AEO2011 Reference case. Annual average diesel prices are higher than gasoline prices throughout the projection...

  1. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale...

  2. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    See footnotes at end of table. Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  3. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AG EMENT CENTER NEPA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    oil and fuel. Currently, this facility has a capacity of 400 gallons per day. Nava Bio-Energy proposes to construct a new 30 foot x 40 foot facility in an area suitable for...

  4. Vehicles Blog | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    retail price or a multi-state regional average price reported by EIA. The latest gasoline pricing data is available on EIA's webpage. Find out more at www.energy.goveGallon.<...

  5. Analysis of Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Truck Technologies Using Diesel, LNG, Electricity, and Hydrogen, as the Fuel for Various Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Hengbing

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric Drivetrain Electric Drivetrain Conv. DieselDiesel Hyb. Conv. LNG-SI LNG-SI Hyb. Conv. LNG-CI LNG-CICompression Ignition Carbon Dioxide Diesel Gallon Equivalent

  6. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 to 10 cents per gallon. 5 The State of Alaska suspended its motor fuels taxes on all fuel types and uses for a period of one year beginning September 1, 2008 and ending August...

  7. Explanatory Notes

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    cent tax" and a second local tax. These taxes add an average of 11.3 cents to the motor fuel State tax. In Hawaii, LOTS are as follows: Honolulu: 16.5 cents per gallon; Maui:...

  8. PRESS RELEASE 2 February 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PRESS RELEASE 2 February 2010 Replica house flooded by 196,000 gallons of water to test flood extensive hydraulic laboratory at Wallingford. To streamline the test procedures, HR Wallingford have

  9. Acceptable Materials for Recycling at Colorado State University Mixed Paper -Acceptable Items

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nalgene bottles Glass drinking bottles & food jars Aluminum Tin and steel cans Five-gallon buckets - can bags Automotive chemical containers, including motor oil and anti-freeze Pesticide containers Styrofoam

  10. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1996 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No. 4 Fuel Energy Information Administration Petroleum...

  11. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for...

  12. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for...

  13. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1997 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No. 4 Fuel Energy Information Administration Petroleum...

  14. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1995 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No. 4 Fuel Energy Information Administration Petroleum...

  15. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for...

  16. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Motor Vehicle Commission: An U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) average fuel efficiency economy rating of less than 19 miles per gallon (mpg); or A sales or lease price of...

  17. Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51%...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    For the 2014 model year, midsize hybrid cars averaged 43.4 miles per gallon (mpg) while midsize non-hybrid cars averaged 28.7 mpg; the difference between the two has narrowed due...

  18. Demonstration of the feasibility of milking lipids from algae for biodiesel production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coiner, Ryan Lee

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A major challenge to the development of industrial-scale biodiesel production from cultured algae is the identification of energy efficient and cost effective methods of harvesting/dewatering algal cells. Producing 1 gallon of biodiesel from algae...

  19. Water Usage Law, Major Water Users (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Any water user with the capability to withdraw or divert 100,000 gallons or more per day from any stream, river, lake, well, spring or other water source must register and file for a permit for...

  20. Transforming the Oil Industry into the Energy Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Daniel; Yeh, Sonia

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Use of US Croplands for Biofuels Increases Greenhouse Gases36 billion gallons of biofuels to be sold annually by 2022,billion must be advanced biofuels, while 15 billion can be

  1. Water and Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    power plants, water withdrawals for electricity generationelectricity generation in 2009 (33). Water used in thermal electric power plantsplant with CCS technologies requires roughly 1,000 gallons of water for every megawatt-hour of electricity generation (

  2. Water Use Act of 1967 (North Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This act sets rules for withdrawing waters in excess of 100,000 gallons per day, for constructing, installing or operating any new well or withdrawal facilities having a capacity in excess of a...

  3. Portsmouth Paducah Project Office

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    contamination from more than 2.4 billion gallons. C-400 TCE Source Reduction Interim Remedial Action In 2005, DOE, the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the U.S. Environmental...

  4. Farm to Fly 2.0: Energy Department Joins Initiative to Bring...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    jet fuel with the end goal of producing about 1 billion gallons of drop-in aviation biofuels a year by 2018. During the recent Biomass 2014 conference, Assistant Secretary for...

  5. Energy Blog | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    It takes a lot of energy to run a water treatment plant round-the-clock. And pumping 35 million gallons of water a day to hundreds of thousands businesses and residents...

  6. Technology Integration Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Next-Steps when R&D is completed Roughly 10% of VTP base budget supports Deployment (Technology Introduction) efforts Over 3.5 Billion Gallons of Petroleum Reduction since...

  7. Florida County Seeks to Reduce Emissions and Improve Traffic...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Idling vehicles use up to several billion gallons of fuel and emit large quantities of air pollution and greenhouse gases each year. Saving money with shorter stops St. Johns is...

  8. Pilot-scale fermentation of office paper and chicken manure to carboxylic acids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moody, Andrew Garret

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This project focused on scaling up the laboratory fermentation of biomass to carboxylic acids. Four 1050-gallon tanks were used to simulate four-stage countercurrent fermentation. Most laboratory fermentations have been performed with 1-L fermentors...

  9. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Alternative Fuel Tax Rate A distributor of any alternative fuel used to operate an internal combustion engine must pay a license tax of 0.0025 for each gallon of alternative fuel...

  10. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year No. 1 Distillate No. 2 Distillate a No. 4 Fuel b Residual Fuel Oil Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for...

  11. Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Kerosene No. 1 Distillate No. 2...

  12. Table A3. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Distillate and Residual...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    A3. RefinerReseller Prices of Distillate and Residual Fuel Oils, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year No. 1 Distillate No. 2...

  13. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    39 Table A3. RefinerReseller Prices of Distillate and Residual Fuel Oils, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year No. 1 Distillate...

  14. Energy Education and Training: A Matter of Operational Necessity

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    “Getting more mission out of every gallon” drove the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) to host an Energy Education and Training meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy on June 11-12, 2014. The meeting was...

  15. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Natural Gas Fuel Tax Compressed natural gas (CNG) used as a vehicle fuel is taxed on a gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) basis as follows: 0.05 GGE from January 1, 2016, until...

  16. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Tax and Fee Compressed natural gas (CNG) used in motor vehicles is subject to a state motor fuel tax of 0.05 per gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) until January 1, 2020. Beginning...

  17. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax CNG is taxed at a rate of 0.10 per gallon when used as a motor fuel. CNG is defined as natural gas that has been compressed for use as a motor...

  18. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax and Permit A 0.13 per gallon tax is imposed on CNG used for operating motor vehicles on public highways. For the purpose of determining the tax on...

  19. Water Use for Hydraulic Fracturing: A Texas Sized Problem? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeClere, David

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The state of Texas could face a 2.7 trillion gallon shortfall of water by 2060. Hydraulic fracturing (HF) requires large amounts of water for each well. Tax incentives should be offered to companies that substitute brackish ...

  20. ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT DIVISION. ANNUAL REPORT FY 1980

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and J. Sathaye Enhanced Oil Recovery J. Sathaye and M.gallons/ day/ft. ) ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY* J. Sathaye and M.of tertiary or enhanced oil recovery (EOR). These methods