National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for grams gal gallons

  1. eGallon-methodology-final

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowingFuelWeatherizeeEnergy Vermont Case Study 1eGallon How much

  2. eGallon | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12 Beta-3 Racetracks Y-12 Beta-3 RacetrackseGallon MethodologyeGallon

  3. eGallon Methodology | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12 Beta-3 Racetracks Y-12 Beta-3 RacetrackseGallon Methodology

  4. GAL4 Two-Hybrid Vectors Handbook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erickson, F. Les

    Libraries FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY (PR6X890) #12;MATCHMAKER GAL4 Two-Hybrid Vectors Handbook CLONTECH used in the yeast GAL4-based MATCHMAKER Two-Hybrid Systems and Libraries. For ease of use on synthetic defined medium lacking tryptophan or leucine, respectively. The nutritional markers also allow

  5. FIFTY-FIVE GALLON DRUM STANDARD STUDY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PUIGH RJ

    2009-05-14

    Fifty-five gallon drums are routinely used within the U.S. for the storage and eventual disposal of fissionable materials as Transuranic or low-level waste. To support these operations, criticality safety evaluations are required. A questionnaire was developed and sent to selected Endusers at Hanford, Idaho National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Oak Ridge and the Savannah River Site to solicit current practices. This questionnaire was used to gather information on the kinds of fissionable materials packaged into drums, the models used in performing criticality safety evaluations in support of operations involving these drums, and the limits and controls established for the handling and storage of these drums. The completed questionnaires were reviewed and clarifications solicited through individual communications with each Enduser to obtain more complete and consistent responses. All five sites have similar drum operations involving thousands to tens of thousands of fissionable material waste drums. The primary sources for these drums are legacy (prior operations) and decontamination and decommissioning wastes at all sites except Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The results from this survey and our review are discussed in this paper.

  6. 85-GAL DRUM AND NUCFIL-007LS FILTERS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JB WOODBURY

    2009-06-30

    {sm_bullet} 55-gallon drums were overpacked into 85-gallon drums {sm_bullet} ANucFiI-007LS long-stem filter was installed- NucFiI certified the use of NucFiI-007LS filters in 8S-gallon drums as DOT 7AType A - Wood wedges were used during the tests to center and . stabilize the inner 55-gallon drums {sm_bullet} During inspection, afew filters were found to be loose, canted, and/or with RTV seals broken - No contamination or loss of container integrity {sm_bullet} Discovered in November 2008 U.

  7. REVIEW SHEET 3 (1) A tank contains 100 gallon of salt water which ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-04-30

    REVIEW SHEET 3. (1) A tank contains 100 gallon of salt water which contains 10 lbs of salt. A salt solution of 2lbs of salt per gallon enters the tank at a rate of 3 ...

  8. REVIEW SHEET 3 (1) A tank contains 100 gallon of salt water which ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-04-30

    minute while a flow of fresh water runs into the tank at a rate of 5 gallons per minute. The well-stirred solution runs out of the tank at a rate of 7 gallons per minute ...

  9. Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory |Sectorfor $1.14 Per Gallon Driving for $1.14 Per

  10. Fact #676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons of Gasoline from a Barrel of Oil

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A standard U.S. barrel contains 42 gallons of crude oil which yields about 44 gallons of petroleum products. The additional 2 gallons of petroleum products come from refiner gains which result in...

  11. 55-Gallon Drum Attenuation Corrections for Waste Assay Measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casella, V.R.

    2002-04-03

    The present study shows how the percent attenuation for low-level waste (LLW), carbon-steel 55-gallon drums (44 and 46 mil) and for transuranic (TRU) DOT Type 7A 55-gallon drums (approximately 61 mil) changes with gamma energy from 60 keV to 1400 keV. Attenuation for these drums is in the range of 5 to 15 percent at energies from 400 to 1400 keV and from 15 to 35 percent at energies from 120 to 400 keV. At 60 keV, these drums attenuate 70-80 percent of the gamma rays. Correction factors were determined in order to correct for gamma attenuation of a TRU drum if a calibration is performed with a LLW drum. These correction factors increase the activities of the TRU drum by from 10 percent to 2 percent in the energy range of 165 to 1400 keV, with an increase of about 50 percent at 60 keV. Correction factors for TRU drums and for analyses without a drum were used to adjust the percent yield for frequently measured gamma rays, so that the assay libraries could be modified to provide the drum attenuation corrections.

  12. Small-Scale Experiments.10-gallon drum experiment summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosenberg, David M.

    2015-02-05

    A series of sub-scale (10-gallon) drum experiments were conducted to characterize the reactivity, heat generation, and gas generation of mixtures of chemicals believed to be present in the drum (68660) known to have breached in association with the radiation release event at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) on February 14, 2014, at a scale expected to be large enough to replicate the environment in that drum but small enough to be practical, safe, and cost effective. These tests were not intended to replicate all the properties of drum 68660 or the event that led to its breach, or to validate a particular hypothesis of the release event. They were intended to observe, in a controlled environment and with suitable diagnostics, the behavior of simple mixtures of chemicals in order to determine if they could support reactivity that could result in ignition or if some other ingredient or event would be necessary. There is a significant amount of uncertainty into the exact composition of the barrel; a limited sub-set of known components was identified, reviewed with Technical Assessment Team (TAT) members, and used in these tests. This set of experiments was intended to provide a framework to postulate realistic, data-supported hypotheses for processes that occur in a “68660-like” configuration, not definitively prove what actually occurred in 68660.

  13. Curing Robot Autism: A Challenge Gal A. Kaminka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminka, Gal A.

    Curing Robot Autism: A Challenge Gal A. Kaminka The MAVERICK Group Computer Science Dept. and Gonda.11 [Distributed Artificial Intelligence]; I.2.9 [Robotics] Keywords Challenge; Robot Autism; Social Intelligence; Multi-agent sys- tems; Multi-robot systems 1. ROBOT AUTISM AND ITS IMPACT Robots and other synthetic

  14. A Survey and Taxonomy of GALS Design Styles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemieux, Guy

    A Survey and Taxonomy of GALS Design Styles Paul Teehan, Mark Greenstreet, and Guy Lemieux find the concepts and taxonomy presented here very useful. --Sandeep Shukla, Virginia Tech Figure 1. In this article, we describe some design examples and introduce our taxonomy of these techniques. Taxonomy

  15. Neutron Screening Measurements of 110 gallon drums at T Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mozhayev, Andrey V.; Hilliard, James R.; Berg, Randal K.

    2011-01-14

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Nondestructive Assay (NDA) Service Center was contracted to develop and demonstrate a simple and inexpensive method of assaying 110 gallon drums at the Hanford Site’s T-Plant. The drums contained pucks of crushed old drums used for storage of transuranic (TRU) waste. The drums were to be assayed to determine if they meet the criteria for TRU or Low Level Waste (LLW). Because of the dense matrix (crushed steel drums) gamma measurement techniques were excluded and a mobile, configurable neutron system, consisting of four sequentially connected slab detectors was chosen to be used for this application. An optimum measurement configuration was determined through multiple test measurements with californium source. Based on these measurements the initial calibration of the system was performed applying the isotopic composition for aged weapon-grade plutonium. A series of background and blank puck drum measurements allowed estimating detection limits for both total (singles) and coincidence (doubles) counting techniques. It was found that even conservative estimates for minimum detection concentration using singles count rate were lower than the essential threshold of 100 nCi/g. Whereas the detection limit of coincidence counting appeared to be about as twice as high of the threshold. A series of measurements intended to verify the technique and revise the initial calibration obtained were performed at the Waste Receiving and Processing (WRAP) facility with plutonium standards. Standards with a total mass of 0.3 g of plutonium (which is estimated to be equivalent of 100 nCi/g for net waste weight of 300 kg) loaded in the test puck drum were clearly detected. The following measurements of higher plutonium loadings verified the calibration factors obtained in the initial exercise. The revised and established calibration factors were also confirmed within established uncertainties by additional measurements of plutonium standards in various locations in the test drum. Due to necessity to dispense the blank test drum an alternative method of baseline determination was established during field measurements. Count rates of ambient background were corrected by the differences between observed background and blank test drum count rates which were previously determined over a series of measurements. Only 31 drums out of 352 counted during the intensive measurement campaign at T-Plant were determined to be Suspect TRU. 25 of these drums were re-measured at the WRAP facility using the SuperHENC. Of the 25 drums measured, 21 were confirmed to be TRU and the remaining four LLW.

  16. Hazard Detection in a GALS Wrapper: a Case study Christian Stahl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freytag, Johann-Christoph

    Hazard Detection in a GALS Wrapper: a Case study Christian Stahl Humboldt-Universit¨at zu Berlin An asynchronous wrapper of a fabricated GALS system is analyzed for hazards. For this purpose a Petri net based modelling approach of this GALS wrapper is presented. In our model the question whether a hazard can occur

  17. DOE Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons of Contaminated Ground Water

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Grand Junction, CO ? The Department of Energy (DOE) announced today that it has extracted 200 million gallons of contaminated ground water from the Moab site in Utah as part of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project.

  18. Beyond a Billion: Clean Cities Coaliations Have Displaced More Than a Billion Gallons of Gasoline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2005-10-01

    In 2004, DOE's Clean Cities achieved a milestone - displacing the equivalent of more than 1 billion gallons of gasoline since 1994. This fact sheet describes how Clean Cities achieved this goal.

  19. Transformation of gram positive bacteria by sonoporation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yang, Yunfeng; Li, Yongchao

    2014-03-11

    The present invention provides a sonoporation-based method that can be universally applied for delivery of compounds into Gram positive bacteria. Gram positive bacteria which can be transformed by sonoporation include, for example, Bacillus, Streptococcus, Acetobacterium, and Clostridium. Compounds which can be delivered into Gram positive bacteria via sonoporation include nucleic acids (DNA or RNA), proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, viruses, small organic and inorganic molecules, and nano-particles.

  20. The Gram-Schmidt process in Matlab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-11-06

    The Gram-Schmidt process in Matlab. Yingwei Wang ?. Department of Mathematics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN. Some students said that they could ...

  1. -galactosidase histochemistrical analysis Whole mount X-gal staining and histology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ferrocyanide (5 mM) (Sigma P-9387, FW 422.4) in lacZ rinse solution Sectioning of X-gal stained embryos 1

  2. the impact of industrial biofuels on people and global hunger Meals per gallon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the impact of industrial biofuels on people and global hunger Meals per gallon #12;Contents Executive summary 2 Chapter 1: Introduction 6 Chapter 2: Industrial biofuels ­ the context 8 What's driving the EU industrial biofuel boom? 9 Chapter 3: What's wrong with industrial biofuels? 12 Industrial

  3. Development of a model for predicting transient hydrogen venting in 55-gallon drums

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Apperson, Jason W; Clemmons, James S; Garcia, Michael D; Sur, John C; Zhang, Duan Z; Romero, Michael J

    2008-01-01

    Remote drum venting was performed on a population of unvented high activity drums (HAD) in the range of 63 to 435 plutonium equivalent Curies (PEC). These 55-gallon Transuranic (TRU) drums will eventually be shipped to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). As a part of this process, the development of a calculational model was required to predict the transient hydrogen concentration response of the head space and polyethylene liner (if present) within the 55-gallon drum. The drum and liner were vented using a Remote Drum Venting System (RDVS) that provided a vent sampling path for measuring flammable hydrogen vapor concentrations and allow hydrogen to diffuse below lower flammability limit (LFL) concentrations. One key application of the model was to determine the transient behavior of hydrogen in the head space, within the liner, and the sensitivity to the number of holes made in the liner or number of filters. First-order differential mass transport equations were solved using Laplace transformations and numerically to verify the results. the Mathematica 6.0 computing tool was also used as a validation tool and for examining larger than two chamber systems. Results will be shown for a variety of configurations, including 85-gallon and 110-gallon overpack drums. The model was also validated against hydrogen vapor concentration assay measurements.

  4. Benzene is an important industrial chemical (> 2 billion gallons produced annually in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Benzene is an important industrial chemical (> 2 billion gallons produced annually in the United leukemia (Snyder 2002). However, the mechanisms of benzene-induced hematotoxicity and leukemo- genesis further light on these mechanisms and better understand the risk benzene poses, we examined the effects

  5. Data Synchronization Issues in GALS SoCs Rostislav (Reuven) Dobkin1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginosar, Ran

    ][5][6][7]. According to this methodology, a local ring-oscillator based clock generator in each synchronous "island1 Data Synchronization Issues in GALS SoCs Rostislav (Reuven) Dobkin1 , Ran Ginosar1 and Christos P ICS-FORTH, Crete, Greece Abstract: Locally generated, arbitrated clocks for GALS SoCs [1] face

  6. eGallon: Understanding the Cost of Driving EVs | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12 Beta-3 Racetracks Y-12 Beta-3 RacetrackseGallon

  7. Ethanol production in Gram-positive microbes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ingram, L.O.; Barbosa-Alleyne, M.D.F.

    1996-01-09

    The subject invention concerns the transformation of Gram-positive bacteria with heterologous genes which confer upon these microbes the ability to produce ethanol as a fermentation product. Specifically exemplified is the transformation of bacteria with genes, obtainable from Zymomonas mobilis, which encode pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase. 2 figs.

  8. Variable word rate N-grams 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotoh, Yoshihiko; Renals, Steve

    The rate of occurrence of words is not uniform but varies from document to document. Despite this observation, parameters for conventional N-gram language models are usually derived using the assumption of a constant word rate. In this paper we...

  9. Ethanol production in Gram-positive microbes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ingram, L.O.; Barbosa-Alleyne, M.D.F.

    1999-06-29

    The subject invention concerns the transformation of Gram-positive bacteria with heterologous genes which confer upon these microbes the ability to produce ethanol as a fermentation product. Specifically exemplified is the transformation of bacteria with genes, obtainable from Zymomonas mobilis, which encode pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase. 2 figs.

  10. Ethanol production in Gram-positive microbes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ingram, Lonnie O'Neal (Gainesville, FL); Barbosa-Alleyne, Maria D. F. (Gainesville, FL)

    1996-01-01

    The subject invention concerns the transformation of Gram-positive bacteria with heterologous genes which confer upon these microbes the ability to produce ethanol as a fermentation product. Specifically exemplified is the transformation of bacteria with genes, obtainable from Zymomonas mobilis, which encode pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase.

  11. Ethanol production in gram-positive microbes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ingram, Lonnie O'Neal (Gainesville, FL); Barbosa-Alleyne, Maria D. F. (Gainesville, FL)

    1999-01-01

    The subject invention concerns the transformation of Gram-positive bacteria with heterologous genes which confer upon these microbes the ability to produce ethanol as a fermentation product. Specifically exemplified is the transformation of bacteria with genes, obtainable from Zymomonas mobilis, which encode pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase.

  12. Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 1975, only three percent of all new cars had a fuel economy above 25 miles per gallon (mpg), but by 2014, 73% did. Great improvements were made in the fuel economy of cars from 1975 to 1985, so...

  13. eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'S FUTURE.EnergyWooden Rooftops |.doc�8 I N S P EeGallon:

  14. EV Sales Skyrocketing. eGallon Holds Steady. | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice ofof EnergyPlants" Now AvailableSTAR®eGallon: Compare

  15. Impact and structural analysis of the INEL 55 gallon recycled shielded storage container

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richins, W.D.

    1996-07-01

    The INEL Recycled Shielded Storage Containers (RSSC) are designed primarily for the transportation and storage of mixed RH-TRU solid waste using recycled, potentially contaminated lead and stainless steel construction materials. Two versions of the RSSC have been developed accommodating either 30 or 55 gallon drums. This report addresses the structural qualification of the 55 gallon version of the RSSC to DOT 7A Type A requirements. The controlling qualification test is a 4 ft drop onto a rigid surface. During and after this test, the container contents must remain within the container and shielding must not be reduced. The container is also designed to withstand stacking, internal pressure, lifting loads, tiedown failure, penetration, and a range of temperatures. Nonlinear dynamic finite element analyses were performed using a range of material properties. Loads in the major connections and strains in the stainless steel and lead were monitored as a function of time during impact analyses for three simulated drop orientations. Initial results were used to develop the final design. For the final design, the stainless steel and lead have maximum strains well below ultimate levels except at an impact corner where additional deformation is acceptable. The predicted loads in the connections indicate that some yielding will occur but the containment and shielding will remain intact. The results presented here provide assurance that the container will pass the DOT 7A Type A drop tests as well as the other structural requirements.

  16. n-Gram Statistics in MapReduce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldmann, Uwe

    Computing n-Gram Statistics in MapReduce Klaus Berberich (kberberi@mpi-inf.mpg.de) Srikanta Bedathur (bedathur@iiitd.ac.in) #12;Computing n-Gram Statistics in MapReduce ­ Klaus Berberich / 26 n-Gram Statistics Statistics about variable-length word sequences (e.g., lord of the rings, at the end

  17. Bacteria Targeted By Human Natural Antibodies Using -Gal Conjugated Receptor-specic Glycopolymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xi

    Bacteria Targeted By Human Natural Antibodies Using -Gal Conjugated Receptor-speci®c Glycopolymers as speci®c ligands for bacterial cells. The binding of the resulting multivalent glycopolymer to bacteria and infectious disease. However, many bacteria undergo genetic changes to eschew the host immune system. In spite

  18. Predicting People's Bidding Behavior in Negotiation Ya'akov Gal and Avi Pfeffer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeffer, Avi

    algorithms for predicting the chosen bid and for learning a model from data. Data collection and evaluationPredicting People's Bidding Behavior in Negotiation Ya'akov Gal and Avi Pfeffer Division to predicting people's bidding behavior in negotiation. Our study consists of multiple 2-player negotiation

  19. my life. I'm grateful to the GAL-CIT community who made me

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haile, Sossina M.

    40 41 my life. I'm grateful to the GAL- CIT community who made me feel like a family member. I hope company, Learning Tree International, and about his current projects. What emerged is a picture of someone who has successfully applied a rigorous, analytical approach to problem solving, whether

  20. Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon- Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon

  1. Methods for targetted mutagenesis in gram-positive bacteria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Yunfeng

    2014-05-27

    The present invention provides a method of targeted mutagenesis in Gram-positive bacteria. In particular, the present invention provides a method that effectively integrates a suicide integrative vector into a target gene in the chromosome of a Gram-positive bacterium, resulting in inactivation of the target gene.

  2. Second test of base hydrolysate decomposition in a 0.04 gallon per minute scale reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cena, R.J.; Thorsness, C.B.; Coburn, T.T.; Watkins, B.E.

    1994-10-11

    LLNL has built and operated a pilot plant for processing oil shale using recirculating hot solids. This pilot plant, was adapted in 1993 to demonstrate the feasibility of decomposing base hydrolysate, a mixture of sodium nitrite, sodium formate and other constituents. This material is the waste stream from the base hydrolysis process for destruction of energetic materials. In the Livermore process, the waste feed is thermally treated in a moving packed bed of ceramic spheres, where constituents in the waste decompose, in the presence of carbon dioxide, to form solid sodium carbonate and a suite of gases including: methane, carbon monoxide, oxygen, nitrogen oxides, ammonia and possibly molecular nitrogen. The ceramic spheres are circulated and heated, providing the energy required for thermal decomposition. The spheres provide a large surface area for evaporation and decomposition to occur, avoiding sticking and agglomeration of the waste. We performed a 2.5 hour test of the solids recirculation system, with continuous injection of approximately 0.04 gal/min of waste. Gasses from the packed bed reactor were directed through the lift pipe and water was not condensed. Potassium carbonate (0.356 M) was added to the hydrolysate prior to its introduction to the retort. Continuous on-line gas analysis was invaluable in tracking the progress of the experiment and quantifying the decomposition products. Analyses showed the primary solid product, collected in the lift exit cyclone, was indeed sodium carbonate, as expected. For the reactor condition studied in this test, N{sub 2}O was found to be the primary nitrogen bearing gas species. In the test, approximately equal quantities of ammonia and nitrogen bearing oxide gases were produced. Under proper conditions, this ammonia and NO{sub x} can be recombined downstream to form N{sub 2} and O{sub 2} as the primary effluent gases.

  3. New Zealand's 70 million sheep create 350 million methane gallons daily

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-07-01

    If you could hook up a sheep to the carburetor of a car, you could run it for several kilometers a day. To power the same vehicle by people, you'd need a whole football team and a couple of kegs of beer. That observation is made by David Lowe, a geophysicist with the New Zealand Institute of Nuclear Sciences in Wellington. Scientists are studying the methane output because of its potential serious threat by contributing to global warming via the greenhouse effect. According to a report in the Wall Street Journal, analysis of ancient air bubbles trapped in Antarctic ice shows that 30,000 years ago methane concentration in the Earth's atmosphere was only a third as much as it is today. Radioactive dating can distinguish ages of different types of methane in the air, and researchers hope to quantify sources from sheep, swamps, people or industry. Sheep methane is collected at a local agricultural university from sheep with tubes protruding from their intestines. Sample collector Lowe alternates specimens from the university and the digester tank at the sewage treatment plant. The cleanest air samples, by contrast, are collected by Lowe at Baring Head, the first outcrop of land Antarctic winds hit after crossing thousands of miles of open sea. So far, Lowe and his colleagues have found that 75% of methane in the atmosphere is biological and of very recent origin. While the research goes on, New Zealand's sheep population continue to churn out 2.5 billion gallons of methane every week.

  4. Orthogonal Sets of Vectors and the Gram-Schmidt Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PRETEX (Halifax NS) #1 1054 1999 Mar 05 10:59:16

    2010-02-12

    2007/2/16 page 323 i i i i. 4.12. Orthogonal Sets of Vectors and the Gram-Schmidt Process 323. 16. Using Equation (4.11.11), determine all vectors sat- isfying ?v ...

  5. Computational prediction of type III secreted proteins from gram-negative bacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yang; Zhao, Jiayuan; Morgan, Robyn L; Ma, Wenbo; Jiang, Tao

    2010-01-01

    source Compared with other bacteria, Pseudomonas syringaeproteins from gram-negative bacteria Yang Yang 1 , Jiayuansystem in gram- negative bacteria that injects proteins (

  6. NREL Helps Clean Cities Displace Billions of Gallons of Petroleum, One Vehicle at a Time (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-10-01

    With more than 15 years and nearly 3 billion gallons of displaced petroleum under its belt, the Clean Cities program relies on the support and expertise of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). An initiative of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Clean Cities creates public-private partnerships with a common mission: to reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector. Since the inception of Clean Cities in 1993, NREL has played a central role in supporting the program, an effort that stems from the laboratory's strategy to put scientific innovation into action in the marketplace.

  7. Multiple Co-Evolutionary Networks Are Supported by the Common Tertiary Scaffold of the LacI/GalR Proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parente, Daniel J.; Swint-Kruse, Liskin

    2013-12-31

    ]. Here, we used the 6 largest subfamilies – CcpA, GalRS, GntR, PurR, RbsR-A, and TreR – (Table 1 and Figure 2a) to compare and contrast the amino acid positions on the common tertiary structure that are under evolutionary constraint. (E. coli PLOS ONE... of the LacI/GalR family. For PurR and CcpA, endogenous effector binding enhances DNA binding (Table 1). Further, CcpA is primarily allosterically regulated by a protein-protein interaction with HPr-Ser46-P, with only a secondary, ‘fine-tuning’ role for small...

  8. Screening genomes of Gram-positive bacteria for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Screening genomes of Gram-positive bacteria for double-glycine-motif- containing peptides Secreted-positive bacteria, the double-glycine (GG) motif plays a key role in many peptide secretion systems involved Microbiology Comment #12;peptides and class II bacteriocins, produced by streptococci and lactic acid bacteria

  9. GAL.BLAYDES-FIRESTONE.DOC 11/19/2008 2:01 PM WIND POWER, WILDLIFE, AND THE MIGRATORY BIRD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    GAL.BLAYDES-FIRESTONE.DOC 11/19/2008 2:01 PM [1167] WIND POWER, WILDLIFE, AND THE MIGRATORY BIRD by discussing the rapid domestic growth of wind power and the implications for turbine-related avian and bat Fish and Wildlife Service-- all in an effort to ensure that wind power, which provides a cost

  10. Clouds, filaments and protostars: the Herschel Hi-GAL Milky Way

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molinari, S; Bally, J; Barlow, M; Bernard, J P; Martin, P; Moore, T; Noriega-Crespo, A; Plume, R; Testi, L; Zavagno, A; Abergel, A; Ali, B; Anderson, L; André, P; Baluteau, J P; Battersby, C; Beltrán, M T; Benedettini, M; Billot, N; Blommaert, J; Bontemps, S; Boulanger, F; Brand, J; Brunt, C; Burton, M; Calzoletti, L; Carey, S; Caselli, P; Cesaroni, R; Cernicharo, J; Chakrabarti, S; Chrysostomou, A; Cohen, M; Compiegne, M; de Bernardis, P; de Gasperis, G; di Giorgio, A M; Elia, D; Faustini, F; Flagey, N; Fukui, Y; Fuller, G A; Ganga, K; Garcia-Lario, P; Glenn, J; Goldsmith, P F; Griffin, M J; Hoare, M; Huang, M; Ikhenaode, D; Joblin, C; Joncas, G; Juvela, M; Kirk, J M; Lagache, G; Li, J Z; Lim, T L; Lord, S D; Marengo, M; Marshall, D J; Masi, S; Massi, F; Matsuura, M; Minier, V; Miville-Deschenes, M A; Montier, L A; Morgan, L; Motte, F; Mottram, J C; Mueller, T G; Natoli, P; Neves, J; Olmi, L; Paladini, R; Paradis, D; Parsons, H; Peretto, N; Pestalozzi, M; Pezzuto, S; Piacentini, F; Piazzo, L; Polychroni, D; Pomarès, M; Popescu, C C; Reach, W T; Ristorcelli, I; Robitaille, J F; Robitaille, T; Rodón, J A; Roy, A; Royer, P; Russeil, D; Saraceno, P; Sauvage, M; Schilke, P; Schisano, E; Schneider, N; Schuller, F; Schulz, B; Sibthorpe, B; Smith, H A; Smith, M D; Spinoglio, L; Stamatellos, D; Strafella, F; Stringfellow, G S; Sturm, E; Taylor, R; Thompson, M A; Traficante, A; Tuffs, R J; Umana, G; Valenziano, L; Vavrek, R; Veneziani, M; Viti, S; Waelkens, C; Ward-Thompson, D; White, G; Wilcock, L A; Wyrowski, F; Yorke, H W; Zhang, Q

    2010-01-01

    We present the first results from the science demonstration phase for the Hi-GAL survey, the Herschel key-project that will map the inner Galactic Plane of the Milky Way in 5 bands. We outline our data reduction strategy and present some science highlights on the two observed 2{\\deg} x 2{\\deg} tiles approximately centered at l=30{\\deg} and l=59{\\deg}. The two regions are extremely rich in intense and highly structured extended emission which shows a widespread organization in filaments. Source SEDs can be built for hundreds of objects in the two fields, and physical parameters can be extracted, for a good fraction of them where the distance could be estimated. The compact sources (which we will call 'cores' in the following) are found for the most part to be associated with the filaments, and the relationship to the local beam-averaged column density of the filament itself shows that a core seems to appear when a threshold around A_V of about 1 is exceeded for the regions in the l=59{\\deg} field; a A_V value ...

  11. Biocontrol of plant disease: a (Gram-) positive perspective Elizabeth A.B. Emmert Y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handelsman, Jo

    to the downfall of a biocontrol agent. Knowledge of the biological environment in which the agent will be used utilizing Gram-positive biocontrol agents that have been researched in depth and provide modelsMiniReview Biocontrol of plant disease: a (Gram-) positive perspective Elizabeth A.B. Emmert Y , Jo

  12. Skip N-gram Modeling for Near-Synonym Choice Shih-Ting Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ( ) ( ) ( ) (1 ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) i i i n i i i i i n n i n i i n i i i i n n i n P s P w w C w M w P w w C w M w D D (1) 1 1( )i i nM w 5 1 1 1 1 1( ) ( ) ( ) i i i i i n i n i n w M w C w C w ¦ (2) C( ) N Web 1T 5-gram N N N N N N ( ) (Skip N-gram) 5 N Web 1T 5-gram N N Skip4 Skip

  13. The origin of a derived superkingdom: how a gram-positive bacterium crossed the desert to become an archaeon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valas, Ruben E; Bourne, Philip E

    2011-01-01

    Bourne: The origin of a derived superkingdom: how a gram-Access The origin of a derived superkingdom: how a gram-evidence that archaea are derived, as well as their biggest

  14. Since 1975 the Coastal Data Information Pro-gram (CDIP) at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Since 1975 the Coastal Data Information Pro- gram (CDIP) at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography their usefulness for physical oceanography, for teaching about the ocean and for musical composition. THE BUOYS

  15. Financial Forecasting using Character N-Gram Analysis and Readability Scores of Annual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keselj, Vlado

    for each annual report, and then labeled based on the CNG classification. The second method draws on a more-grams, CNG, readability scores, support vector machines 1 Introduction The Securities and Exchange Commission

  16. Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-Gallon Radioactive Liquid Waste Storage Tanks at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bryant, Jeffrey W.

    2010-08-12

    This report provides a record of the Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-gal liquid waste storage tanks and associated equipment at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, as required by U.S. Department of Energy M 435.1-1, “Radioactive Waste Management Manual.” This equipment is known collectively as the Tank Farm Facility. This report is an update, and replaces the previous report by the same title issued April 2003. The conclusion of this report is that the Tank Farm Facility tanks, vaults, and transfer systems that remain in service for storage are structurally adequate, and are expected to remain structurally adequate over the remainder of their planned service life through 2012. Recommendations are provided for continued monitoring of the Tank Farm Facility.

  17. Feasibility study report for the Imperial Valley Ethanol Refinery: a 14. 9-million-gallon-per-year ethanol synfuel refinery utilizing geothermal energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-03-01

    The construction and operation of a 14,980,000 gallon per year fuel ethanol from grain refinery in the Imperial Valley of California is proposed. The Imperial Valley Ethanol Refinery (refinery) will use hot geothermal fluid from geothermal resources at the East Mesa area as the source of process energy. In order to evaluate the economic viability of the proposed Project, exhaustive engineering, cost analysis, and financial studies have been undertaken. This report presents the results of feasibility studies undertaken in geothermal resource, engineering, marketing financing, management, environment, and permits and approvals. The conclusion of these studies is that the Project is economically viable. US Alcohol Fuels is proceeding with its plans to construct and operate the Refinery.

  18. lexm.tex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A fish tank contains 20 gallons of a salt solution with a concentration of 5 grams of salt per gallon. A salt solution with a concentration of 10 grams/gallon is ...

  19. Dynamic viscoelastic behavior of individual Gram-negative bacterial cells Virginia Vadillo-Rodriguezabc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutcher, John

    parameters were used to generate a full description of the dynamic viscoelastic behavior of the cells overDynamic viscoelastic behavior of individual Gram-negative bacterial cells Virginia Vadillo) to measure the viscoelastic properties of individual Escherichia coli K12 cells under fully hydrated

  20. In vitro conjugal transfer of tetracycline resistance from Lactobacillus isolates to other Gram-positive bacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    In vitro conjugal transfer of tetracycline resistance from Lactobacillus isolates to other Gram-positive bacteria Dirk Gevers a;Ã , Geert Huys a , Jean Swings a;b a Laboratory of Microbiology, Faculty of Sciences, Ghent University, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium b BCCM1/LMG Bacteria Collection, Faculty of Sciences, Ghent

  1. Gram-scale, high-yield synthesis of a robust metalorganic framework for storing methane and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with compressed natural gas tanks (CNG) used in vehicles today, when the latter are pressurized to 248 bar (3600% of the deliverable capacity of a CNG tank that starts at 248 bar. (For crystalline granules or powders, particle-pressure CNG.) This material was synthesized in high yield on a gram-scale in a single- batch synthesis

  2. Multi-Class Composite N-gram Language Model for Spoken Language Processing Using Multiple Word Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multi-Class Composite N-gram Language Model for Spoken Language Processing Using Multiple Word. The Multi-Class Composite N-gram main- tains an accurate word prediction ca- pability and reliability for sparse data with a compact model size based on multiple word clusters, called Multi- Classes

  3. Language Classification using N-grams Accelerated by FPGA-based Bloom Filters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacob, A; Gokhale, M

    2007-09-13

    N-Gram (n-character sequences in text documents) counting is a well-established technique used in classifying the language of text in a document. In this paper, n-gram processing is accelerated through the use of reconfigurable hardware on the XtremeData XD1000 system. Our design employs parallelism at multiple levels, with parallel Bloom Filters accessing on-chip RAM, parallel language classifiers, and parallel document processing. In contrast to another hardware implementation (HAIL algorithm) that uses off-chip SRAM for lookup, our highly scalable implementation uses only on-chip memory blocks. Our implementation of end-to-end language classification runs at 85x comparable software and 1.45x the competing hardware design.

  4. Extending the length and time scales of Gram–Schmidt Lyapunov vector computations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Costa, Anthony B.; Green, Jason R.

    2013-08-01

    Lyapunov vectors have found growing interest recently due to their ability to characterize systems out of thermodynamic equilibrium. The computation of orthogonal Gram–Schmidt vectors requires multiplication and QR decomposition of large matrices, which grow as N{sup 2} (with the particle count). This expense has limited such calculations to relatively small systems and short time scales. Here, we detail two implementations of an algorithm for computing Gram–Schmidt vectors. The first is a distributed-memory message-passing method using Scalapack. The second uses the newly-released MAGMA library for GPUs. We compare the performance of both codes for Lennard–Jones fluids from N=100 to 1300 between Intel Nahalem/Infiniband DDR and NVIDIA C2050 architectures. To our best knowledge, these are the largest systems for which the Gram–Schmidt Lyapunov vectors have been computed, and the first time their calculation has been GPU-accelerated. We conclude that Lyapunov vector calculations can be significantly extended in length and time by leveraging the power of GPU-accelerated linear algebra.

  5. US Department of Transportation (DOT) Spec 7A Type A evaluation document: Spec 17C 55-gal steel drum with RWMC/SWEPP drum venting system carbon filter assembly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edling, D.A.

    1986-09-15

    As part of MRC-Mound's responsibility to coordinate DOE Spec 7A Type A Packaging testing, evaluation, and utilization, this document evaluates per 49CFR 173.415(a) the SWEPP packaging system: DOT Spec 17C steel drums - 30, 55 and 83-gal; High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) liners; and SWEPP DVS Filter Assemblies (two configurations) as a US DOT Spec 7A Type A packaging. A variety of Type A performance testing was done on: DOT Spec 17C 55-gal steel drums; DOT Spec 17C 55-gal steel drums with HDPE liners; and DOT Spec 17C 55-gal steel drums with ''Nucfil'' filters as part of MRC-Mound's Type A Packaging Evaluation Program funded by DOE/HQ, DP-4, Security Evaluations. The subject SWEPP packaging incorporates modifications to the ''Nucfil'' filter and installation assembly previously tested in conjunction with the Spec 17C 55-gal drums. Thus, additional testing was required on the new filter installation in order to evaluate the entire packaging system. This document presents the test data to demonstrate the SWEPP packaging system's performance against the DOT 7A Type A requirements.

  6. Detection of New Malicious Code Using N-grams Tony Abou-Assaleh, Nick Cercone, Vlado Keselj, and Ray Sweidan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keselj, Vlado

    for text categorization in [3] with modest results. The Common N-Gram analysis (CNG) method [7] for text of dementia of Alzheimer's type [8], and text clustering. The CNG method was motivated by an ap

  7. SAFETY ANALYSIS REPORT FOR PACKAGING, MODEL 9977, ADDENDUM 3, JUSTIFICATION FOR SMALL GRAM QUANTITY CONTENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abramczyk, G.

    2011-10-31

    This Addendum establishes a new family of content envelopes consisting of small quantities of radioactive materials. These content envelopes and specific packing configurations are shown to be subcritical. However, the dose rates of some payloads must be measured and shown to comply with applicable radiation limits. Authorization for shipment of the content envelop requires acceptance of this Addendum by the DOE-HQ certifying official as a supplement to the 9977 SARP Revision 2 and DOE-HQ?s subsequent revision of the CoC Revision 10 (which is based on SARP Addendum 2 and SARP Addendum 4) to authorize the additional content envelope. The Small Gram Quantity Content Envelopes and packing configurations will be incorporated in the next revision of the 9977 SARP.

  8. An all-optical trap for a gram-scale mirror

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Corbitt; Y. Chen; H. Mueller-Ebhardt; E. Innerhofer; D. Ottaway; H. Rehbein; D. Sigg; S. Whitcomb; C. Wipf; N. Mavalvala

    2007-07-26

    We report on a stable optical trap suitable for a macroscopic mirror, wherein the dynamics of the mirror are fully dominated by radiation pressure. The technique employs two frequency-offset laser fields to simultaneously create a stiff optical restoring force and a viscous optical damping force. We show how these forces may be used to optically trap a free mass without introducing thermal noise; and we demonstrate the technique experimentally with a 1 gram mirror. The observed optical spring has an inferred Young's modulus of 1.2 TPa, 20% stiffer than diamond. The trap is intrinsically cold and reaches an effective temperature of 0.8 K, limited by technical noise in our apparatus.

  9. Effect of Divalent Cation Removal on the Structure of Gram-Negative Bacterial Outer Membrane Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifton, Luke A.; Skoda, Maximilian W. A.; Le Brun, Anton P.; Ciesielski, Filip; Kuzmenko, Ivan; Holt, Stephen A.; Lakey, Jeremy H.

    2014-12-09

    The Gram-negative bacterial outer membrane (GNB-OM) is asymmetric in its lipid composition with a phospholipid-rich inner leaflet and an outer leaflet predominantly composed of lipopolysaccharides (LPS). LPS are polyanionic molecules, with numerous phosphate groups present in the lipid A and core oligosaccharide regions. The repulsive forces due to accumulation of the negative charges are screened and bridged by the divalent cations (Mg2+ and Ca2+) that are known to be crucial for the integrity of the bacterial OM. Indeed, chelation of divalent cations is a well-established method to permeabilize Gram-negative bacteria such as Escherichia coli. Here, we use X-ray and neutron reflectivity (XRR and NR, respectively) techniques to examine the role of calcium ions in the stability of a model GNB-OM. Using XRR we show that Ca2+ binds to the core region of the rough mutant LPS (RaLPS) films, producing more ordered structures in comparison to divalent cation free monolayers. Using recently developed solid-supported models of the GNB-OM, we study the effect of calcium removal on the asymmetry of DPPC:RaLPS bilayers. We show that without the charge screening effect of divalent cations, the LPS is forced to overcome the thermodynamically unfavorable energy barrier and flip across the hydrophobic bilayer to minimize the repulsive electrostatic forces, resulting in about 20% mixing of LPS and DPPC between the inner and outer bilayer leaflets. These results reveal for the first time the molecular details behind the well-known mechanism of outer membrane stabilization by divalent cations. This confirms the relevance of the asymmetric models for future studies of outer membrane stability and antibiotic penetration.

  10. Effect of Divalent Cation Removal on the Structure of Gram-Negative Bacterial Outer Membrane Models

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Clifton, Luke A.; Skoda, Maximilian W. A.; Le Brun, Anton P.; Ciesielski, Filip; Kuzmenko, Ivan; Holt, Stephen A.; Lakey, Jeremy H.

    2014-12-09

    The Gram-negative bacterial outer membrane (GNB-OM) is asymmetric in its lipid composition with a phospholipid-rich inner leaflet and an outer leaflet predominantly composed of lipopolysaccharides (LPS). LPS are polyanionic molecules, with numerous phosphate groups present in the lipid A and core oligosaccharide regions. The repulsive forces due to accumulation of the negative charges are screened and bridged by the divalent cations (Mg2+ and Ca2+) that are known to be crucial for the integrity of the bacterial OM. Indeed, chelation of divalent cations is a well-established method to permeabilize Gram-negative bacteria such as Escherichia coli. Here, we use X-ray and neutronmore »reflectivity (XRR and NR, respectively) techniques to examine the role of calcium ions in the stability of a model GNB-OM. Using XRR we show that Ca2+ binds to the core region of the rough mutant LPS (RaLPS) films, producing more ordered structures in comparison to divalent cation free monolayers. Using recently developed solid-supported models of the GNB-OM, we study the effect of calcium removal on the asymmetry of DPPC:RaLPS bilayers. We show that without the charge screening effect of divalent cations, the LPS is forced to overcome the thermodynamically unfavorable energy barrier and flip across the hydrophobic bilayer to minimize the repulsive electrostatic forces, resulting in about 20% mixing of LPS and DPPC between the inner and outer bilayer leaflets. These results reveal for the first time the molecular details behind the well-known mechanism of outer membrane stabilization by divalent cations. This confirms the relevance of the asymmetric models for future studies of outer membrane stability and antibiotic penetration.« less

  11. PCP METHODOLOGY FOR DETERMINING DOSE RATES FOR SMALL GRAM QUANTITIES IN SHIPPING PACKAGINGS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nathan, S.

    2011-08-23

    The Small Gram Quantity (SGQ) concept is based on the understanding that small amounts of hazardous materials, in this case radioactive materials, are significantly less hazardous than large amounts of the same materials. This study describes a methodology designed to estimate an SGQ for several neutron and gamma emitting isotopes that can be shipped in a package compliant with 10 CFR Part 71 external radiation level limits regulations. These regulations require packaging for the shipment of radioactive materials perform, under both normal and accident conditions, the essential functions of material containment, subcriticality, and maintain external radiation levels within regulatory limits. 10 CFR 71.33(b)(1)(2)&(3) state radioactive and fissile materials must be identified and their maximum quantity, chemical and physical forms be included in an application. Furthermore, the U.S. Federal Regulations require application contain an evaluation demonstrating the package (i.e., the packaging and its contents) satisfies the external radiation standards for all packages (10 CFR 71.31(2), 71.35(a), & 71.47). By placing the contents in a He leak-tight containment vessel, and limiting the mass to ensure subcriticality, the first two essential functions are readily met. Some isotopes emit sufficiently strong photon radiation that small amounts of material can yield a large external dose rate. Quantifying of the dose rate for a proposed content is a challenging issue for the SGQ approach. It is essential to quantify external radiation levels from several common gamma and neutron sources that can be safely placed in a specific packaging, to ensure compliance with federal regulations. The Packaging Certification Program (PCP) Methodology for Determining Dose Rate for Small Gram Quantities in Shipping Packagings described in this report provides bounding mass limits for a set of proposed SGQ isotopes. Methodology calculations were performed to estimate external radiation levels for the 9977 shipping package using the MCNP radiation transport code to develop a set of response multipliers (Green's functions) for 'dose per particle' for each neutron and photon spectral group. The source spectrum for each isotope generated using the ORIGEN-S and RASTA computer codes was folded with the response multipliers to generate the dose rate per gram of each isotope in the 9977 shipping package and its associated shielded containers. The maximum amount of a single isotope that could be shipped within the regulatory limits contained in 10 CFR 71.47 for dose rate at the surface of the package is determined. If a package contains a mixture of isotopes, the acceptability for shipment can be determined by a sum of fractions approach. Furthermore, the results of this analysis can be easily extended to additional radioisotopes by simply evaluating the neutron and/or photon spectra of those isotopes and folding the spectral data with the Green's functions provided.

  12. PACKAGING CERTIFICATION PROGRAM METHODOLOGY FOR DETERMINING DOSE RATES FOR SMALL GRAM QUANTITIES IN SHIPPING PACKAGINGS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nathan, S.; Loftin, B.; Abramczyk, G.; Bellamy, S.

    2012-05-09

    The Small Gram Quantity (SGQ) concept is based on the understanding that small amounts of hazardous materials, in this case radioactive materials (RAM), are significantly less hazardous than large amounts of the same materials. This paper describes a methodology designed to estimate an SGQ for several neutron and gamma emitting isotopes that can be shipped in a package compliant with 10 CFR Part 71 external radiation level limits regulations. These regulations require packaging for the shipment of radioactive materials, under both normal and accident conditions, to perform the essential functions of material containment, subcriticality, and maintain external radiation levels within the specified limits. By placing the contents in a helium leak-tight containment vessel, and limiting the mass to ensure subcriticality, the first two essential functions are readily met. Some isotopes emit sufficiently strong photon radiation that small amounts of material can yield a large dose rate outside the package. Quantifying the dose rate for a proposed content is a challenging issue for the SGQ approach. It is essential to quantify external radiation levels from several common gamma and neutron sources that can be safely placed in a specific packaging, to ensure compliance with federal regulations. The Packaging Certification Program (PCP) Methodology for Determining Dose Rate for Small Gram Quantities in Shipping Packagings provides bounding shielding calculations that define mass limits compliant with 10 CFR 71.47 for a set of proposed SGQ isotopes. The approach is based on energy superposition with dose response calculated for a set of spectral groups for a baseline physical packaging configuration. The methodology includes using the MCNP radiation transport code to evaluate a family of neutron and photon spectral groups using the 9977 shipping package and its associated shielded containers as the base case. This results in a set of multipliers for 'dose per particle' for each spectral group. For a given isotope, the source spectrum is folded with the response for each group. The summed contribution from all isotopes determines the total dose from the RAM in the container.

  13. A GREEN'S FUNCTION APPROACH FOR DETERMINING DOSE RATES FOR SMALL GRAM QUANTITIES IN SHIPPING PACKAGINGS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nathan, S.

    2012-06-14

    The Small Gram Quantity (SGQ) concept is based on the understanding that small amounts of hazardous materials, in this case radioactive materials (RAM), are significantly less hazardous than large amounts of the same materials. This paper describes a methodology designed to estimate an SGQ for several neutron and gamma emitting isotopes that can be shipped in a package in compliance with 10 CFR Part 71 external radiation level limits regulations. The neutron and photon sources were calculated using both ORIGEN-S and RASTA. The response from a unit source in each neutron and photon group was calculated using MCNP5 with each unshielded and shielded container configuration. Effects of self-shielding on both neutron and photon response were evaluated by including either plutonium oxide or iron in the source region for the case with no shielded container. For the cases of actinides mixed with light elements, beryllium is the bounding light element. The added beryllium (10 to 90 percent of the actinide mass) in the cases studied represents between 9 and 47 percent concentration of the total mixture mass. For beryllium concentrations larger than 50 percent, the increase in the neutron source term and dose rate tend to increase at a much lower rate than at concentrations lower than 50%. The intimately mixed actinide-beryllium form used in these models is very conservative and thus the limits presented in this report are practical bounds on the mass that can be safely shipped. The calculated dose rate from one gram of each isotope was then used to determin the maximum amount of a single isotope that could be shipped in the Model 9977 Package (or packagings having the same or larger external dimensions as well as similar structural materials) and have the external radiation level within the regulatory dose limits at the surface of the package. The estimates of the mass limits presented would also serve as conservative limits for both the Models 9975 and 9978 packages. If a package contains a mixture of isotopes, the acceptability for shipment can be determined by a sum of fractions approach. It should be noted that the SGQ masses presented in this report represent limits that would comply with the external radiation limits under 10CFR Part 71. They do not necessarily bound lower limits that may be required to comply with other factors such as heat load of the package.

  14. On the shape of the mass-function of dense clumps in the Hi-GAL fields. I. SED determination and global properties of the mass-functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olmi, L; Elia, D; Molinari, S; Montier, L; Pestalozzi, M; Pezzuto, S; Polychroni, D; Ristorcelli, I; Rodon, J; Schisano, E; Smith, M D; Testi, L; Thompson, M

    2012-01-01

    Stars form in dense, dusty clumps of molecular clouds, but little is known about their origin and evolution. In particular, the relationship between the mass distribution of these clumps (also known as the "clump mass function", or CMF) and the stellar initial mass function (IMF), is still poorly understood. In order to discern the "true" shape of the CMF and to better understand how the CMF may evolve toward the IMF, large samples of bona-fide pre- and proto-stellar clumps are required. The sensitive observations of the Herschel Space Observatory (HSO) are now allowing us to look at large clump populations in various clouds with different physical conditions. We analyse two fields in the Galactic plane mapped by HSO during its science demonstration phase, as part of the more complete and unbiased Herschel infrared GALactic Plane Survey (Hi-GAL). These fields undergo a source-extraction and flux-estimation pipeline, which allows us to obtain a sample with thousands of clumps. Starless and proto-stellar clumps...

  15. Cores in Infra-Red Dark Clouds (IRDCs) seen in the Hi-GAL survey between l = 300{\\deg} and l = 330{\\deg}

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcock, L A; Kirk, J M; Stamatellos, D; Whitworth, A; Elia, D; Fuller, G A; DiGiorgio, A; Griffin, M J; Molinari, S; Martin, P; Mottram, J C; Peretto, N; Pestalozzi, M; Schisano, E; Plume, R; Smith, H A; Thompson, M A

    2012-01-01

    We have used data taken as part of the Herschel infrared Galactic Plane survey (Hi-GAL) to study 3171 infrared-dark cloud (IRDC) candidates that were identified in the mid-infrared (8 {\\mu}m) by Spitzer (we refer to these as 'Spitzer-dark' regions). They all lie in the range l=300 - 330 \\circ and |b| 6 1 \\circ. Of these, only 1205 were seen in emission in the far-infrared (250-500 {\\mu}m) by Herschel (we call these 'Herschel-bright' clouds). It is predicted that a dense cloud will not only be seen in absorption in the mid-infrared, but will also be seen in emission in the far-infrared at the longest Herschel wavebands (250-500 {\\mu}m). If a region is dark at all wavelengths throughout the mid-infrared and far-infrared, then it is most likely to be simply a region of lower background infrared emission (a 'hole in the sky'). Hence, it appears that previous surveys, based on Spitzer and other mid-infrared data alone, may have over-estimated the total IRDC population by a factor of 2. This has implications for es...

  16. The initial conditions of high-mass star formation: radiative transfer models of IRDCs seen in the Herschel Hi-GAL survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcock, L A; Stamatellos, D; Ward-Thompson, D; Whitworth, A; Battersby, C; Brunt, C; Fuller, G A; Griffin, M; Molinari, S; Martin, P; Mottram, J C; Peretto, N; Plume, R; Smith, H A; Thompson, M A; 10.1051/0004-6361/201015488

    2011-01-01

    The densest infrared dark clouds (IRDCs) may represent the earliest observable stage of high-mass star formation. These clouds are very cold, hence they emit mainly at far-infrared and sub-mm wavelengths. For the first time, Herschel has provided multi-wavelength, spatially resolved observations of cores within IRDCs, which, when combined with radiative transfer modelling, can constrain their properties, such as mass, density profile and dust temperature. We use a 3D, multi-wavelength Monte Carlo radiative transfer code to model in detail the emission from six cores in three typical IRDCs seen in the Hi-GAL survey (G030.50+00.95, G031.03+00.26 and G031.03+00.76), and thereby to determine the properties of these cores and compare them with their low-mass equivalents. We found masses ranging from 90 to 290 solar masses with temperatures from 8 to 11K at the centre of each core and 18 to 28K at the surface. The maximum luminosity of an embedded star within each core was calculated, and we rule out the possibilit...

  17. Basic Units of Measurement Astronomers use metric units, and in particular the cgs (centimeter-gram-second) system.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    Basic Units of Measurement Astronomers use metric units, and in particular the cgs (centimeter-gram-second) system. 1 Distance The basic unit of distance is the centimeter (cm). There are 100 centimeters) or millimeters (10 mm per cm). There are 2.54 cm per inch, and 1.62 km per mile. Longer distances are measured

  18. q-gram Based Database Searching Using a Suffix Array (QUASAR) Stefan Burkhardt * Andreas Cramer * Pa010 Ferragina t

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivals, Eric

    searching al- gorithm called QUASAR (Q-gram Alignment based on Suf- fix ARrays) which was designed and are quickly becoming the "lifeblood of molecular biology" [Wa195]. This is due to the combination of the power [AMS+97, PL88] or iterated Smith-Waterman [SW811 sequence alignments are used for this purpose

  19. Utilization of gram polynomials in approximating the solution to certain differential equations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langston, Robert Quinn

    1964-01-01

    DNWN DO 3 L3?2, 11 Bl?L3 L4?L3-1 B(L3&1)?B(L4&1)+Bl DO 2 LL2 3, 11 LL3?LL2-1 C2?LL2 2 B91, LL2) B(1&LL3) 02 8 DN1?N LL9 LL1-1 DO 6 M=2, LL1 E LL1+M-2 F=LLIW+1 KM-I CT+M-1 H?K&&&&2 A(M & I ) =( (H&&F?A(K & I) )/H)/(DNI ) 6 DN1 DN2WT LI... OF ITH ORDER GRAM POLYNOMIALS D DIMENSION A(11&11)&B(11&11)&G(11&26)&Z(15) 400 FORMAT 1H1) 500 FORMAT 5F12. 8) 600 FORMAT 2I12) WRITE OUTPUT TAPE 6, 400 READ INPUT TAPE 5&600, N, I NP 1M+ 1 DO 815 Il 1, 11 DO 815 I2?1, 11 D 815 A(11&12)W. LL1...

  20. eGallon | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    that runs on gasoline. Did you know? On average, it costs about half as much to drive an electric vehicle. Find out how much it costs to fuel an electric vehicle in your state...

  1. Diesel prices top $4 per gallon

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural GasNatural Gas UsageDiesel pricesDiesel prices top $4 per

  2. Gram-Scale Synthesized Pd2Co-Supported PtMonolayers Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, W.P.; Sasaki, K.; Su, D.; Zhu, Y.; Wang, J.X.; Adzic, R.R.

    2010-04-21

    Gram-scale synthesis of Pt{sub ML} electrocatalysts with a well-defined core-shell structure has been carried out using method involving galvanic displacement of an underpotential deposition Cu layer. The Pt shell thickness can be controlled by stepwise deposition. The Pt{at}Pd{sub 2}Co/C nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution energy-loss spectrometry, and in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy. A complete Pt shell of 0.6 nm on a Pd{sub 2}Co core has been confirmed. The Pt{at}Pd{sub 2}Co/C core-shell electrocatalysts showed a very high activity for the oxygen reduction reaction; the Pt mass and specific activity were 0.72 A mg{sup -1}{sub Pt} and 0.5 mA cm{sup -2}, respectively (3.5 and 2.5 times higher than the corresponding values for commercial Pt catalysts), at 0.9 V in 0.1 M HClO{sub 4} at room temperature. In an accelerated potential cycling test, a loss in active surface area and a decrease in catalytic activity for gram-scale-synthesized Pt{sub ML} catalysts were also determined.

  3. Chemical Name Company Quantiy Amount Units Estimated value 1,1,1 TRIFLUROETHANE 99% Aldrich 1 10 grams $14.50

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    $92.40 CALCIUM HYDROXIDE Mallinckrodt 2 500 g $170.60 CALCIUM LACTATE PENTAHYDRATE Sigma 1 250 grams DIHYDRATE Mallinckrodt 1 500 g $206.25 CUPRIC SULFATE Fischer Scientific 2 500 g $143.76 CUPRIC SULFATE 1 100 g $14.20 MAGNESIUM CARBONATE Allied Chemical 1 1 lb $30.10 METHYL ETHYL KETONE Mallinkrodt 2

  4. ENGINEERING GRaduatE PRoGRams Biological SyStemS engineering Biomedical engineering chemical engineering civil and environmental engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    ENGINEERING GRaduatE PRoGRams Biological SyStemS engineering § Biomedical engineering § chemical engineering § civil and environmental engineering computer Science § electrical and computer engineering § materialS Science and engineering mechanical and aeronautical engineering § tranSportation technology

  5. Gram-scale, high-yield synthesis of a robust metal-organic framework for storing methane and other gases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilmer, CE; Farha, OK; Yildirim, T; Eryazici, I; Krungleviciute, V; Sarjeant, AA; Snurr, RQ; Hupp, JT

    2013-04-01

    We have synthesized and characterized a new metal-organic framework (MOF) material, NU-125, that, in the single-crystal limit, achieves a methane storage density at 58 bar (840 psi) and 298 K corresponding to 86% of that obtained with compressed natural gas tanks (CNG) used in vehicles today, when the latter are pressurized to 248 bar (3600 psi). More importantly, the deliverable capacity (58 bar to 5.8 bar) for NU-125 is 67% of the deliverable capacity of a CNG tank that starts at 248 bar. (For crystalline granules or powders, particle packing inefficiencies will yield densities and deliverable capacities lower than 86% and 67% of high-pressure CNG.) This material was synthesized in high yield on a gram-scale in a single-batch synthesis. Methane adsorption isotherms were measured over a wide pressure range (0.1-58 bar) and repeated over twelve cycles on the same sample, which showed no detectable degradation. Adsorption of CO2 and H-2 over a broad range of pressures and temperatures are also reported and agree with our computational findings.

  6. ARM - Instrument - grams

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments? WeDatastreamstpsgovInstrumentsclap Documentation ARMgovInstrumentsgndrad

  7. Practice Final

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dec 16, 2003 ... A ?sh tank contains 20 gallons of a salt solution with a concentration of 5 grams of salt per gallon. A salt solution with a concentration of 10 ...

  8. MATH 262 Final Exam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1998-07-24

    Dec 15, 1997 ... A fish tank contains 20 gallons of a salt solution with a concentration of 5 grams of salt per gallon. A salt solution with a concentration of 10 ...

  9. Practice Final Exam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-04-21

    Dec 16, 2003 ... A fish tank contains 20 gallons of a salt solution with a concentration of 5 grams of salt per gallon. A salt solution with a concentration of 10 ...

  10. NAME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May 2, 2002 ... A ?sh tank contains 20 gallons of a salt solution with a concentration of 5 grams of salt per gallon. A salt solution with a concentration of 10 ...

  11. Definition of Small Gram Quantity Contents for Type B Radioactive Material Transportation Packages: Activity-Based Content Limitations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sitaraman, S; Kim, S; Biswas, D; Hafner, R; Anderson, B

    2010-10-27

    Since the 1960's, the Department of Transportation Specification (DOT Spec) 6M packages have been used extensively for transportation of Type B quantities of radioactive materials between Department of Energy (DOE) facilities, laboratories, and productions sites. However, due to the advancement of packaging technology, the aging of the 6M packages, and variability in the quality of the packages, the DOT implemented a phased elimination of the 6M specification packages (and other DOT Spec packages) in favor of packages certified to meet federal performance requirements. DOT issued the final rule in the Federal Register on October 1, 2004 requiring that use of the DOT Specification 6M be discontinued as of October 1, 2008. A main driver for the change was the fact that the 6M specification packagings were not supported by a Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) that was compliant with Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations part 71 (10 CFR 71). Therefore, materials that would have historically been shipped in 6M packages are being identified as contents in Type B (and sometimes Type A fissile) package applications and addenda that are to be certified under the requirements of 10 CFR 71. The requirements in 10 CFR 71 include that the Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) must identify the maximum radioactivity of radioactive constituents and maximum quantities of fissile constituents (10 CFR 71.33(b)(1) and 10 CFR 71.33(b)(2)), and that the application (i.e., SARP submittal or SARP addendum) demonstrates that the external dose rate (due to the maximum radioactivity of radioactive constituents and maximum quantities of fissile constituents) on the surface of the packaging (i.e., package and contents) not exceed 200 mrem/hr (10 CFR 71.35(a), 10 CFR 71.47(a)). It has been proposed that a 'Small Gram Quantity' of radioactive material be defined, such that, when loaded in a transportation package, the dose rates at external points of an unshielded packaging not exceed the regulatory limits prescribed by 10 CFR 71 for non-exclusive shipments. The mass of each radioisotope presented in this paper is limited by the radiation dose rate on the external surface of the package, which per the regulatory limit should not exceed 200 mrem/hr. The results presented are a compendium of allowable masses of a variety of different isotopes (with varying impurity levels of beryllium in some of the actinide isotopes) that, when loaded in an unshielded packaging, do not result in an external dose rate on the surface of the package that exceeds 190 mrem/hr (190 mrem/hr was chosen to provide 5% conservatism relative to the regulatory limit). These mass limits define the term 'Small Gram Quantity' (SGQ) contents in the context of radioactive material transportation packages. The term SGQ is isotope-specific and pertains to contents in radioactive material transportation packages that do not require shielding and still satisfy the external dose rate requirements. Since these calculated mass limits are for contents without shielding, they are conservative for packaging materials that provide some limited shielding or if the contents are placed into a shielded package. The isotopes presented in this paper were chosen as the isotopes that Department of Energy (DOE) sites most likely need to ship. Other more rarely shipped isotopes, along with industrial and medical isotopes, are planned to be included in subsequent extensions of this work.

  12. Herschel-HIFI observations of H2O, NH3 and N2H+ toward high-mass starless and proto-stellar clumps identified by the Hi-GAL survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olmi, Luca; Codella, Claudio

    2015-01-01

    Our present understanding of high-mass star formation still remains very schematic. In particular, it is not yet clear how much of the difference between low-mass and high-mass star formation occurs during the earliest star formation phases. The chemical characteristics of massive cold clumps, and the comparison with those of their low-mass counterparts, could provide crucial clues about the exact role that chemistry plays in differentiating the early phases of low-mass and high-mass star formation. Water, in particular, is a unique probe of physical and chemical conditions in star-forming regions. Using the HIFI instrument of Herschel we have observed the ortho-NH3 (1_0-0_0) (572GHz), ortho-H2O (1_10-1_01) (557GHz) and N2H+ (6-5) (559GHz) lines toward a sample of high-mass starless and proto-stellar clumps selected from the "Herschel} Infrared Galactic Plane Survey" (Hi-GAL). We compare our results to previous studies of low-mass and high-mass proto-stellar objects. At least one of the three molecular lines ...

  13. Identification of proteins capable of metal reduction from the proteome of the Gram-positive bacterium Desulfotomaculum reducens MI-1 using an NADH-based activity assay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Otwell, Annie E.; Sherwood, Roberts; Zhang, Sheng; Nelson, Ornella D.; Li, Zhi; Lin, Hening; Callister, Stephen J.; Richardson, Ruth E.

    2015-01-01

    Metal reduction capability has been found in numerous species of environmentally abundant Gram-positive bacteria. However, understanding of microbial metal reduction is based almost solely on studies of Gram-negative organisms. In this study, we focus on Desulfotomaculum reducens MI-1, a Gram-positive metal reducer whose genome lacks genes with similarity to any characterized metal reductase. D. reducens has been shown to reduce not only Fe(III), but also the environmentally important contaminants U(VI) and Cr(VI). By extracting, separating, and analyzing the functional proteome of D. reducens, using a ferrozine-based assay in order to screen for chelated Fe(III)-NTA reduction with NADH as electron donor, we have identified proteins not previously characterized as iron reductases. Their function was confirmed by heterologous expression in E. coli. These are the protein NADH:flavin oxidoreductase (Dred_2421) and a protein complex composed of oxidoreductase FAD/NAD(P)-binding subunit (Dred_1685) and dihydroorotate dehydrogenase 1B (Dred_1686). Dred_2421 was identified in the soluble proteome and is predicted to be a cytoplasmic protein. Dred_1685 and Dred_1686 were identified in both the soluble as well as the insoluble (presumably membrane) protein fraction, suggesting a type of membrane-association, although PSORTb predicts both proteins are cytoplasmic. Furthermore, we show that these proteins have the capability to reduce soluble Cr(VI) and U(VI) with NADH as electron donor. This study is the first functional proteomic analysis of D. reducens, and one of the first analyses of metal and radionuclide reduction in an environmentally relevant Gram-positive bacterium.

  14. OUTLIER DETECTION Irad Ben-Gal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Gal, Irad E.

    observations as to arouse suspicion that it was generated by a different mechanism. Barnet and Lewis (Barnett- formation systems, athlete performance analysis, and other data-mining tasks (Hawkins, 1980; Barnett and Leory, 1987; Barnett and Lewis, 1994)) or, at least, they are based on statistical estimates of un

  15. Small-Scale Experiments.10-gallon drum experiment summary | OSTI...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Technial Information About OSTI Mission Organization Chart Achievements Alliances OSTI History Feedback DOE STI Program Scientific and Technical Information Program...

  16. Energy Department Releases Updated eGallon Prices as Electric...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    growth than the early years of the hybrid vehicle market. Thirty months after the first hybrid was introduced, monthly sales figures were under 3,000. By comparison, PEVs - which...

  17. Blending of Radioactive Salt Solutions in Million Gallon Tanks - 13002

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leishear, Robert A.; Lee, Si Y.; Fowley, Mark D.; Poirier, Michael R. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken. S.C., 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken. S.C., 29808 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    Research was completed at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to investigate processes related to the blending of radioactive, liquid waste, salt solutions in 4920 cubic meter, 25.9 meter diameter storage tanks. One process was the blending of large salt solution batches (up to 1135 - 3028 cubic meters), using submerged centrifugal pumps. A second process was the disturbance of a settled layer of solids, or sludge, on the tank bottom. And a third investigated process was the settling rate of sludge solids if suspended into slurries by the blending pump. To investigate these processes, experiments, CFD models (computational fluid dynamics), and theory were applied. Experiments were performed using simulated, non-radioactive, salt solutions referred to as supernates, and a layer of settled solids referred to as sludge. Blending experiments were performed in a 2.44 meter diameter pilot scale tank, and flow rate measurements and settling tests were performed at both pilot scale and full scale. A summary of the research is presented here to demonstrate the adage that, 'One good experiment fixes a lot of good theory'. Experimental testing was required to benchmark CFD models, or the models would have been incorrectly used. In fact, CFD safety factors were established by this research to predict full-scale blending performance. CFD models were used to determine pump design requirements, predict blending times, and cut costs several million dollars by reducing the number of required blending pumps. This research contributed to DOE missions to permanently close the remaining 47 of 51 SRS waste storage tanks. (authors)

  18. Blending Of Radioactive Salt Solutions In Million Gallon Tanks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leishear, Robert A.; Lee, Si Y.; Fowley, Mark D.; Poirier, Michael R.

    2012-12-10

    Research was completed at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to investigate processes related to the blending of radioactive, liquid waste, salt solutions in 4920 cubic meter, 25.9 meter diameter storage tanks. One process was the blending of large salt solution batches (up to 1135 ? 3028 cubic meters), using submerged centrifugal pumps. A second process was the disturbance of a settled layer of solids, or sludge, on the tank bottom. And a third investigated process was the settling rate of sludge solids if suspended into slurries by the blending pump. To investigate these processes, experiments, CFD models (computational fluid dynamics), and theory were applied. Experiments were performed using simulated, non-radioactive, salt solutions referred to as supernates, and a layer of settled solids referred to as sludge. Blending experiments were performed in a 2.44 meter diameter pilot scale tank, and flow rate measurements and settling tests were performed at both pilot scale and full scale. A summary of the research is presented here to demonstrate the adage that, ?One good experiment fixes a lot of good theory?. Experimental testing was required to benchmark CFD models, or the models would have been incorrectly used. In fact, CFD safety factors were established by this research to predict full-scale blending performance. CFD models were used to determine pump design requirements, predict blending times, and cut costs several million dollars by reducing the number of required blending pumps. This research contributed to DOE missions to permanently close the remaining 47 of 51 SRS waste storage tanks.

  19. Energy Department Releases Updated eGallon Prices as Electric...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    market continues to grow, electric vehicles will play a key role in our effort to reduce air pollution and slow the effects of climate change." Plug-In Electric Vehicle Sales...

  20. DOE Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    feet thick and covering 130 acres. Excess water from the pile drained into underlying soils, contaminating the ground water. Elevated concentrations of ammonia can affect...

  1. Expected Economic Benefits of the El Morillo Drain 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacewell, Ronald D.; Rister, M. Edward; Sturdivant, Allen W.; DuBois, Megan; Rogers, Callie; Seawright, Emily

    2007-01-02

    treatment plant. But, for the sake of providing an estimate, if per capita use of water is 150 gallons per day and with a population of over 880 thousand, at $1.65 per 1,000 gallons of potable water (based on Sturdivant et al.), the cost would be almost $80... of Days per Year 365 (c) Multiplied by Per Capita Daily Potable Water Consumption (gals) 150 (d) Multiplied by Cost Estimate for Desalination Process ($/1,000 gals) $1.65 (e) Results in Total Residential Cost for South Texas $79.5 million Conclusions...

  2. Forecourt Storage and Compression Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    gal/day > CNG: 700 gal/day 0 200 400 600 800 1000 12000 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 Hour Gallons 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 GGE(CNG) Interstate Resid Truck Stop CNG Gasoline data courtesy ConocoPhillips #12;18 H2 Station Demand Profile > Normalized Residential, CNG, and H2A profiles 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14

  3. La izquierda y el silogismo cornudo LVARO DELGADO-GAL*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilbao Arrese, Jesús Mario

    existía una oposición intrínseca entre la propiedad privada y la democracia, o mejor, el sufragio democracia, y el mercado, son asignadores de recursos potencialmente conflictivos. El mercado genera ricos y pobres, y la democracia materializa sus propios criterios de justicia distributiva transfiriendo la renta

  4. Towards Survivability of Application-Level Multicast Gal Badishi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keidar, Idit

    sessions, users frequently join and leave [1]. Rapid joining and leaving, also called churn, may multicast tree. We begin by examining gossip, since it has no single points of failure, overcomes churn overlay that deals with churn with low overhead, and overcomes random failures of a cer- tain percentage

  5. Cost-effectiveness of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle battery capacity and charging infrastructure investment for reducing US gasoline consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGaughey, Alan

    investment for reducing US gasoline consumption Scott B. Peterson a , Jeremy J. Michalek a,b,n a Dept per gal than oil premium estimates. c Current subsidies are misaligned with fuel savings. We discuss increased battery capacity per gallon saved, and both approaches have higher costs than US oil premium

  6. WORD PROBLEMS 1. Suppose your car gets 25 miles per gallon of gasoline and the price of gas is $3.50 per gallon. Write

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koban, Nic

    on the other side of the river and 8 kilometers down stream (see figure 2). The man can run 5 km/hr and can and then run to B in terms of x. 3 8 A B C Figure 2: Point C is directly across the river from point A. Point B of fence are to be used to enclose a rectangular field next to a straight river. The river acts as one side

  7. Graduate ProGrams 6 Accounting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nonprofit Management 8 Real Estate & Infrastructure 143 Postsecondary Education 144 Refugee & Migration a series of core courses to acquire in-depth knowledge of the field in which they choose to major

  8. eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    electricity prices. The state gasoline price above is either the statewide average retail price or a multi-state regional average price reported by EIA. The latest gasoline...

  9. Fact #676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    19.36 43.3% Diesel 10.04 22.4% Jet Fuel 3.91 8.7% Liquefied Petroleum Gases 1.72 3.8% Heavy Fuel Oil 1.68 3.8% Other Distillates 1.24 2.8% Other Products 6.80 15.2% Total 44.75...

  10. 40 Gallon Challenge issues a call to reduce residential water use 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinrich, Katie

    2013-01-01

    -copy pledge. ?e pledge sheet is divided into indoor and outdoor categories and allows participants to check-o? new practices or actions they will do to save water. ?e indoor category includes practices such as running the dishwasher only when full... conservation techniques INDOORS OUTDOORS Run the dishwasher only when full: saves Not leave water running while rinsing dishes: saves Fix a leaky toilet: saves Fill bathtub half full while bathing: (per person) saves Reduce irrigation runtime by 2...

  11. eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-Sessions |discussed howCommercial Localwas performed7-97) PreviousLevi Tillemann

  12. "Table 11. Fuel Economy, Selected Survey Years (Miles Per Gallon)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008 © OECD/IEA - 2008 © OECD/IEA - 20086,1,195,"AlabamaGreenhouse Gases andFuel

  13. The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity? | Department

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.Week DayDr. Jeffrey publication of the Groupof Energy The

  14. eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLos AlamosSimulationdetonationdustin crandalleAppraisaleGIS

  15. Fact #809: December 23, 2013 What Do We Pay for in a Gallon of Gasoline? |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order14, 20111,FY 2007TrafficDepartment of1975-2012

  16. The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity? | Department

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutory Authority J-I-12 GeVAuditThe Smartwith Clean Energyof

  17. Reducing Petroleum, One Billion Gallons at a Time | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuildingBudgetFinancial Opportunities » Pastams AG 2015ersedReducing

  18. SRS Workers Moved Millions of Gallons of High-Level Waste Safely in 2014 |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1 SECTION J APPENDIXAllegations Related toSRSDepartment of

  19. Workers Pour 1 Million Gallons of Grout into Massive Tanks | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowingFuelWeatherize »EvePlant | Department of

  20. Energy Department Releases Updated eGallon Prices as Electric Vehicle Sales

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice ofofWind Projects |EnergyAll 50 States | DepartmentDouble |

  1. U.S. gasoline price expected to drop further below $3 per gallon

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices Globaldiesel fuel7, 2015 U.S.6,long version)Declining

  2. U.S. gasoline price expected to drop further below $3 per gallon

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices Globaldiesel fuel7, 2015 U.S.6,long

  3. U.S. gasoline price expected to drop further below $3 per gallon

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices Globaldiesel fuel7, 2015 U.S.6,longU.S. households to

  4. How Much Energy Does It Take to Make a Gallon of Soydiesel

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageBlender PumpVehiclesThe Heat IsHeavy-Duty Waste Hauler

  5. Gasoline price forecast to stay below 3 dollar a gallon in 2015

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural GasNatural GasEIA lowers 2015ValuesEFuel OilDiesel

  6. State Laboratory Program -Calibration Scope Summary Certificate Date Comments Mass I Mass II Mass III

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    100 gal to 1 gal 1044 gal to 1 gal 100 gal to 20 gal LPG Arkansas 2014 25 kg to 1 mg 1000 lb to 0 100 gal to 20 gal LPG Field Calibrations 500 gal to 5 gal 100 gal to 20 gal LPG Steel tapes Tape to 2000 lb 100 gal to 5 gal 100 gal to 25 gal LPG Bench, Tapes 300 ft to 1 ft Rigid Rules 10 in to 1 in 24

  7. Final Report 1998 Preliminary Snowmobile Emission Survey in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    ) and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions of light-duty motor vehicles, measurements were carried out between February 26) and hydrocarbon (HC) measurement had valid data flags. Gram per gallon values have been calculated assuming a fuel-red remote sensor (FEAT, Fuel Efficiency Automobile Test), originally designed to measure carbon monoxide (CO

  8. Langerhans Lab Protocols 5-20gallonTankMaintenance.docx 7/17/14 Page 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    (see instruction manual). Water changes and filter maintenance frequency will vary among tanks depending on the number of inhabitants, duration of filter media use, water quality test results (see water the tank lid. 3. Remove the filter, being careful not to allow water in the filter reservoir to enter

  9. U.S. diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer at $3.94 a gallon

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices Globaldiesel fuel prices continue to5, 2014

  10. U.S. summer gasoline price to average 6 cents lower than last year at $3.63 a gallon

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices Globaldieselgasolinemonthlysummer gasoline price to

  11. Synchrony among multicortical EEGs 1 Freeman, Gal & Jrsten A neurobiological theory of meaning in perception.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Walter J.

    correlation. The conclusion is that these three operations enable continuous linkage of multiple cortical, and sum the potential differences at trigger zones in proportion to synaptic strength and distance along. The cost is time delay in proportion to distance and conduction velocity that vary with axon diameter

  12. Recrystallization processes in granular ice Maurine Montagnat, Gal Durand, Paul Duval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durand, Gaël

    between neighbor- ing grains. It is now well demonstrated that plasticity of ice single- and poly-crystal anisotropy to the crystal [10]. Such an anisotropy at the crystal scale induces the devel- opment of strong

  13. The Economic Consequences of Sharing Security Information Esther Gal-Or1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camp, L. Jean

    .3 There are many well known examples of cyber-hacking. Citibank lost business when it went public with the news Effect, Marginal Cost. 1 The author is Glenn Stinson Chair Professor of Business Administration could potentially cost e-businesses almost $25 billion by 2006 - up from $5.5 billion in 2001

  14. Modelling Herschel observations of infrared-dark clouds in the Hi-GAL survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stamatellos, D; Kirk, J; Molinari, S; Sibthorpe, B; Ward-Thompson, D; Whitworth, A; Wilcock, L

    2010-01-01

    We demonstrate the use of the 3D Monte Carlo radiative transfer code PHAETHON to model infrared-dark clouds (IRDCs) that are externally illuminated by the interstellar radiation field (ISRF). These clouds are believed to be the earliest observed phase of high-mass star formation, and may be the high-mass equivalent of lower-mass prestellar cores. We model three different cases as examples of the use of the code, in which we vary the mass, density, radius, morphology and internal velocity field of the IRDC. We show the predicted output of the models at different wavelengths chosen to match the observing wavebands of Herschel and Spitzer. For the wavebands of the long- wavelength SPIRE photometer on Herschel, we also pass the model output through the SPIRE simulator to generate output images that are as close as possible to the ones that would be seen using SPIRE. We then analyse the images as if they were real observations, and compare the results of this analysis with the results of the radiative transfer mod...

  15. Isolated starless cores in IRDCs in the Hi-GAL survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcock, L A; Kirk, J M; Stamatellos, D; Whitworth, A; Battersby, C; Elia, D; Fuller, G A; DiGiorgio, A; Griffin, M J; Molinari, S; Martin, P; Mottram, J C; Peretto, N; Pestalozzi, M; Schisano, E; Smith, H A; Thompson, M A

    2012-01-01

    In a previous paper we identified cores within infrared dark clouds (IRDCs). We regarded those without embedded sources as the least evolved, and labelled them starless. Here we identify the most isolated starless cores and model them using a three-dimensional, multi-wavelength, Monte Carlo, radiative transfer code. We derive the cores' physical parameters and discuss the relation between the mass, temperature, density, size and the surrounding interstellar radiation field (ISRF) for the cores. The masses of the cores were found not to correlate with their radial size or central density. The temperature at the surface of a core was seen to depend almost entirely on the level of the ISRF surrounding the core. No correlation was found between the temperature at the centre of a core and its local ISRF. This was seen to depend, instead, on the density and mass of the core.

  16. Deleting Files in the Celeste Peer-to-Peer Storage System Gal Badishi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keidar, Idit

    experience high churn rates, nodes may crash or have intermittent connectiv- ity, and the overlay network may

  17. Deleting Files in the Celeste Peer-to-Peer Storage System Gal Badishi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keidar, Idit

    dealt with due to the intricacy of the problem ­ the system may experience high churn rates, nodes may

  18. RESEARCH PAPER GAL4-GFP enhancer trap lines for genetic manipulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haseloff, Jim

    of the plant and is responsible for the plasticity of the root system. In Arabidopsis thaliana, lateral root by targeting the expres- sion of a toxin-encoding gene. Moreover, the molecu- lar bases of the enhancer trap (Lopez-Bucio et al., 2003; Malamy, 2005, for a review). This plasticity allows adaptation of the root

  19. Power Law Discounting for N-Gram Language Models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2010-01-01

    We present an approximation to the Bayesian hierarchical Pitman-Yor process language model which maintains the power law distribution over word tokens, while not requiring a computationally expensive approximate inference process. This approximation...

  20. Parallel Sparse Modi ed Gram-Schmidt QR Decomposition ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Touriño, Juan

    cx=0; cxcx++) f Obtain px, cx #20; px , such that norm px = max cx#20;jcx; break; g else swap (norm cx ; col cx of M and R), (norm px ; col px of M and R); (4) r cx cx = p norm cx ; (5) for (i=0; i

  1. On Automatic Plagiarism Detection Based on n-Grams Comparison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    ´ecnica de Valencia, Spain {lbarron,prosso}@dsic.upv.es http://www.dsic.upv.es/grupos/nle/ Abstract. When on the basis of flexible search strategies (able to detect plagiarised fragments M. Boughanem et al. (Eds

  2. Universal Gene Transfer Technology for Gram Positive Bacteria - Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPPfinalUnexpected AngularFeet) Decade Year-0301stInnovation

  3. From digital library to n-grams: NB N-gram Magnus Breder Birkenes Lars G. Johnsen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindstad Johanne Ostad The National Library of Norway P.O.Box 2674 Solli NO ­ 0203 Oslo, Norway {magnus.birkenes, lars.johnsen, arne.lindstad, johanne.ostad}@nb.no Abstract At the National Library of Norway, we to and including 2013, as part of the large scale digitiza- tion project at the National Library of Norway. Uni

  4. Best available control technology (BACT) equivalent for the control of volatile organic emissions from paint dipping operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blankenship, W.R.; Pugh, C.W. Jr.

    1999-07-01

    This paper provides details of a study conducted to demonstrate an equivalent method of Best Available Control Technology (BACT) compliance for volatile organic emissions from dip coating of certain miscellaneous metal parts. The study was proposed to show that the total volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from 3.8 lb of VOC/gallon coating formulations were no greater than the total VOC emissions from 3.5 lb/gallon formulations used under the same conditions for coating steel joists. The presumptive BACT standard enforced by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) for dip coating of steel joists is 3.5 lb/gallon. The requirement of 3.5 lb/gallon was derived from the US Environmental Protection Agency Guideline Series Control of Volatile Organic Emissions from Existing Stationary Sources--Volume 6: Surface Coating of Miscellaneous Metal Parts and Products. On June 5, 1998 the source completed a 12 month, full scale comparison study under a consent order with the Virginia DEQ. During the study period, the source made daily measurements of product produced, paint used, and emissions from the control and test paint tanks, and reported data to EPA and the DEQ every two months. The study concluded that a 26 percent reduction in paint usage and a 20 percent reduction in emissions was achieved in the test tanks using a 3.8 lb/gal coating compared to the control tanks using a 3.5 lb/gal coating. This study enables the source to achieve greater emission reductions than the presumptive BACT level and at the same time reduce painting costs by 34%. This study provides positive results for the environment, the steel joist industry, and the construction industry. This study could impact EPA's current Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) rule development for Miscellaneous Metal Parts and Products and national VOC rules for this source category under Section 183(e) of the Clean Air Act.

  5. c33.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Building (gallons) per Square Foot (gallons) per Worker (gallons) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Gallon (dollars) All Buildings*...

  6. c21.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Building (gallons) per Square Foot (gallons) per Worker (gallons) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Gallon (dollars) All Buildings...

  7. First Steps Towards a Social Comparison Model of Crowds Natalie Fridman, Gal A. Kaminka and Meytal Traub

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminka, Gal A.

    on Festinger's Social Comparison Theory (SCT). We evaluate the SCT model on general pedestrian movement & Kaminka, 2009); and second, it is inspired by social psychology theory. In particular, the model is based on Social Comparison Theory (SCT) (Festinger, 1954), a popular social psychology theory that has been

  8. Data-Parallel Computing Meets STRIPS Erez Karpas and Tomer Sagi and Carmel Domshlak and Avigdor Gal and Avi Mendelson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Brian C.

    processing, the user of a database management system (DBMS) specifies her data processing goal as a declarative query, and the DBMS au- tomatically generates a query plan, i.e., a data processing program

  9. United States Department of Commerce National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,000 gal - 1 gal 100 gal - 20 gal LPG Length Steel tapes, Tape to Tape 100 ft - 1 ft Steel tapes, Bench 25 Echelon III 50 lb - 25 lb Volume Volume Transfer, II 500 gal - 5 gal 100 gal - 20 gal LPG ~ Certificate

  10. Mathematical modeling of mixer pump performance for agitation of radioactive slurries in one-million-gallon underground storage tanks at Hanford

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bamberger, J.A.; Eyler, L.L.; Dodge, R.E.

    1993-04-01

    The objective of this work is to analyze the Hanford Waste Vitrification Project (HWVP) feed preparation tank mixing pump agitation design. This was accomplished by (1) reviewing mixing pump characteristics, (2) performing computer modeling of jet mixing and particulate material transport, (3) evaluating the propensity of the tank and mixing pump design to maintain particulate material in the tank in a uniformly mixed state, and (4) identifying important design parameters required to ensure optimum homogeneity and solids content during batch transfers.

  11. Myeloid Cell Sirtuin-1 Expression Does Not Alter Host Immune Responses to Gram-Negative Endotoxemia or Gram-Positive Bacterial Infection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crotty Alexander, Laura E.

    The role of sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) in innate immunity, and in particular the influence of SIRT1 on antimicrobial defense against infection, has yet to be reported but is important to define since SIRT1 inhibitors are being ...

  12. Water: May be the Best Near-Term Benefit and Driver of a Robust Wind Energy Future (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flowers, L.; Reategui, S.

    2009-05-01

    Water may be the most critical natural resource variable that affects the selection of generation options in the next decade. Extended drought in the western United States and more recently in the Southeast has moved water management and policy to the forefront of the energy options discussions. Recent climate change studies indicate that rising ambient temperatures could increase evapotranspiration by more than 25% to 30% in large regions of the country. Increasing demand for electricity, and especially from homegrown sources, inevitably will increase our thermal fleet, which consumes 400 to 700 gal/MWh for cooling. Recovering the vast oil shale resources in the West (one of the energy options discussed) is water intensive and threatens scarce water supplies. Irrigation for the growing corn ethanol industry requires 1,000 to 2,000 gallons of water for 1 gallon of production. Municipalities continue to grow and drive water demands and emerging constrained market prices upward. As illustrated by the 20% Wind Energy by 2030 analysis, wind offers an important mitigation opportunity: a 4-trillion-gallon water savings. This poster highlights the emerging constrained water situation in the United States and presents the case for wind energy as one of the very few means to ameliorate the emerging water wars in various U.S. regions.

  13. Following electron flow: From a Gram-positive community to mechanisms of electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrighton, Kelly Catherine

    2010-01-01

    with thermophilic anaerobic digester were constructed andand mesophilic anaerobic digesters, these same comparativewith a thermophilic anaerobic digester sludge and amended

  14. SAR Endolysin Regulation in dsDNA Phage Lysis of Gram-Negative Hosts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuty, Gabriel

    2012-02-14

    . The first SAR endolysin to be characterized was P1 Lyz, of phage P1. Its activation requires a disulfide bond isomerization involving its catalytic Cys initiated by a free cysteine thiol from the newly-liberated SAR domain. A second mode of disulfide bond...

  15. Cargo delivery into gram-negative bacteria via enterobactin uptake machinery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Tengfei

    2014-01-01

    Chapter 1. Introduction to Iron Homeostasis and Siderophores Iron is an essential nutrient for almost all living organisms. This Chapter presents an overview of iron homeostasis in human and bacteria, as well as the biology ...

  16. Following electron flow: From a Gram-positive community to mechanisms of electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrighton, Kelly Catherine

    2010-01-01

    was monitored by cessation of biogas production as well as awas monitored by cessation of biogas production as well as a

  17. ChinGram: A TRALE Implementation of an HPSG Fragment of Mandarin Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    development system Trale (Meurers et al. 2002; Penn 2004). The grammar is one of the grammars and larger fragments of German, Persian, Danish, and Maltese (see M¨uller (2013b) for details on size provides a range of powerful formal tools for the description of linguistic ex- pressions which

  18. Extracting Mobile Behavioral Patterns with the Distant N-Gram Topic Model Katayoun Farrahi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -likelihood performance on unseen data, showing the predictive power of the model on unseen data. We find that the DNTM of modeling activity sequences for large-scale human routine discovery from cellphone sensor data. Our

  19. Following electron flow: From a Gram-positive community to mechanisms of electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrighton, Kelly Catherine

    2010-01-01

    Microbial ecology meets electrochemistry: Electricity-drivenMicrobial ecology meets electrochemistry: Electricity-drivenMicrobial ecology meets electrochemistry: Electricity-driven

  20. Following electron flow: From a Gram-positive community to mechanisms of electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrighton, Kelly Catherine

    2010-01-01

    energy generation. Trends Biotech 23(6):291-298. Rozendalwastewater treatment. Trends Biotech Bigham R (2007) 10 topbusiness models. Nat Biotech Kleijntjens RHdB, P.A. ;

  1. Following electron flow: From a Gram-positive community to mechanisms of electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrighton, Kelly Catherine

    2010-01-01

    celebrations anymore. Breweries are taking their wastewater,technology is not limited to brewery wastes, bacteria haveBusch Inc. and Foster?s breweries, of the United States and

  2. Following electron flow: From a Gram-positive community to mechanisms of electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrighton, Kelly Catherine

    2010-01-01

    1988) Novel mode of microbial energy metabolism: Organic1988) Novel mode of microbial energy metabolism: Organicadvances microbial research Beyond energy generation, MFCs

  3. Following electron flow: From a Gram-positive community to mechanisms of electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrighton, Kelly Catherine

    2010-01-01

    catalyses electricity generation at microbial fuel cellElectricity generation from cellulose by rumen microorganisms in microbial fuelElectricity generation from cellulose by rumen microorganisms in microbial fuel

  4. Following electron flow: From a Gram-positive community to mechanisms of electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrighton, Kelly Catherine

    2010-01-01

    annually to treat food processing waste (3, 4). Moreover,waste alone contains 34 billion kWh of energy (3), while food

  5. Phylogenetic diversity of gram-positive bacteria and their secondary metabolite genes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gontang, Erin Ann

    2008-01-01

    extraction and chemical analyses, additional natural productnatural product discovery approaches to gain insight into the biosynthetic potential of an organism prior to fermentation, extraction andnatural product discovery approaches are necessary to gain insight into the biosynthetic potential of unsequenced organisms prior to fermentation, extraction and

  6. Phylogenetic Diversity of Gram-positive Bacteria and Their Secondary Metabolite Genes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gontang, Erin A

    2008-01-01

    extraction and chemical analyses, additional natural productnatural product discovery approaches to gain insight into the biosynthetic potential of an organism prior to fermentation, extraction andnatural product discovery approaches are necessary to gain insight into the biosynthetic potential of unsequenced organisms prior to fermentation, extraction and

  7. Toward quantum opto-mechanics in a gram-scale suspended mirror interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wipf, Christopher (Christopher Conrad)

    2013-01-01

    A new generation of interferometric gravitational wave detectors, currently under construction, will closely approach the fundamental quantum limits of measurement, serving as a prominent example of quantum mechanics at ...

  8. Quadratic Time, Linear Space Algorithms for Gram-Schmidt Orthogonalization and Gaussian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    .lyubashevsky,thomas.prest}@ens.fr 3 Thales Communications & Security Abstract. A procedure for sampling lattice vectors arithmetic precision necessary for achieving negligible statistical distance between the outputs of our lattices show that the practical performance improvements of our algorithms are as predicted in theory. 1

  9. I N F O R M A T I K q-gram Based Database Searching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldmann, Uwe

    Burkhardt Andreas Crauser Paolo Ferragina Hans-Peter Lenhof Eric Rivals Martin Vingron MPI{I{98{1{024

  10. grams (see the first figure) can provide a direct identification of the highest activation barriers,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel, Rosenfeld

    in the periodic table (such as nickel or gold) are not (9). Free-energy diagrams calcu- lated with density functional theory show that hydrogen adsorption on platinum surfaces is associated with the smallest free-energy- chemical splitting of water into molecular oxy- gen and hydrogen (7, 8). For the hydrogen evolu- tion

  11. Following electron flow: From a Gram-positive community to mechanisms of electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrighton, Kelly Catherine

    2010-01-01

    that harvest energy from marine sediments. Science 295:483-DR (2006) Harvesting energy from the marine sediment-water

  12. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    2003 Fuel Oil Consumption Fuel Oil Expenditures per Building (gallons) per Square Foot (gallons) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Gallon...

  13. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0. Fuel Oil Consumption (gallons) and Energy Intensities by End Use for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Fuel Oil Consumption (million gallons) Fuel Oil Energy Intensity (gallons...

  14. c33a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2 per Building (gallons) per Square Foot (gallons) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Gallon (dollars) All Buildings ......

  15. MATH 261.007 Instr. K. Ciesielski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciesielski, Krzysztof Chris

    of 500 gal originally contains 200 gal of wather with 100 lb of salt in solution. Water containing 1 lb

  16. MATH 261.005 Instr. K. Ciesielski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciesielski, Krzysztof Chris

    of 500 gal originally contains 200 gal of wather with 100 lb of salt in solution. Water containing 1 lb

  17. Program Record (Offices of Fuel Cell Technologies) Record #: 11007 Date: March 25, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .13/gal 2 $1.30/gal 3 Energy Information Administration (EIA) Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) source year

  18. AUTHORIZATION TO PURCHASE ALCOHOL Please provide the following information each time alcohol is ordered.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiblen, George D

    : ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ Order Quantity __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ Stock # CX20442 CX20445 CX20460 CX20457 CX20461 Units Pint Gallon 5 Gallon Gallon 5 Gallon Description 200 Proof Ethyl Alcohol (Case of 24

  19. Postmortem analysis of sand grain crushing from pile interface using X-ray I. Matas Silva, Gal Combe, Pierre Foray, Frdric Flin, and Bernard Lesaffre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Pile foundations of offshore platforms, wind and water turbines are typically subjected to a variety heavy structures such as offshore platforms and wind/water turbines in sands. While a lot of effort has

  20. haemagglutinin antibodies, and ectopically expressed full-length (fl) Alk (Twist-Gal4; ) was immunoprecipitated with anti-Alk antibodies.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    and differentiation. Cell 107, 387­398 (2001). 4. Ruiz-Gomez, M., Coutts, N., Price, A., Taylor, M. V. & Bate, M. Haematol. 114, 741­760 (2001). 9. Duyster, J., Bai, R. Y. & Morris, S. W. Translocations involving specifically in the nervous system. Oncogene 14, 439­449 (1997). 12. Klapper, R. et al. The formation

  1. Admit you have a problem with wasting water and commit to the 12 Step Recovery Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleeson, Joseph G.

    the tap. Run the dishwasher (4-6 gallons / load) and washing machine (10- 40 gallons / load) only when

  2. Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Northwest Plume interceptor system evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laase, A.D.; Clausen, J.L.

    1998-07-01

    The Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) recently installed an interceptor system consisting of four wells, evenly divided between two well fields, to contain the Northwest Plume. As stated in the Northwest Plume Record of Decision (ROD), groundwater will be pumped at a rate to reduce further contamination and initiate control of the northwest contaminant plume. The objective of this evaluation was to determine the optimum (minimal) well field pumping rates required for plume hotspot containment. Plume hotspot, as defined in the Northwest Plume ROD and throughout this report, is that portion of the plume with trichloroethene (TCE) concentrations greater than 1,000 {micro}g/L. An existing 3-dimensional groundwater model was modified and used to perform capture zone analyses of the north and south interceptor system well fields. Model results suggest that the plume hotspot is not contained at the system design pumping rate of 100 gallons per minute (gal/min) per well field. Rather, the modeling determined that north and south well field pumping rates of 400 and 150 gal/min, respectively, are necessary for plume hotspot containment. The difference between the design and optimal pumping rates required for containment can be attributed to the discovery of a highly transmissive zone in the vicinity of the two well fields.

  3. Some Reactions Between Phenol and Hexamethyltetramin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vawter, W. E.

    1911-05-15

    . Formula 5. Phenol 400 grams. Hexamethyltetramin 85 grams. Alcohol 95% 375 c C Nitro-benzene 30 grams. Formula 4. Phenol 400 grams. Hexamethyltetramin 85 grams. Alcohol 95% 375 c c . Aniline 30 grams. Formula 5. Phenol 160 grams..., Hexamethyltetramin 40 grams. Arayl alcohol 150 c.c. Formula 6. Phenol 60 grams, Hexamethyltetramin — — 15 grams, Phenol - — 210 grams. Formula 7. Phenol 60 grams Hexamethyltetramin 15 grams Nitro-benzene — — 66 grams Formula 8. Phenol 60 grams...

  4. The Gram-positive bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes is also known as group A Streptococcus (GAS) and is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizet, Victor

    ) protease (SpyCEP; also known as ScpC) and the DNase Sda1 (REFS 11­16). The upregulation of Sda1 expression

  5. A New Mel;hod of' N-gram S(;al:istics for Lmge Nulril.)er of' n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,(:ters. From this exl)eriment it 1)ecame (:loa,r t]l&t the au- tomatic extraction or detern,i,tation of words

  6. Marker-exchange mutagenesis and complementation strategies for the Gram-negative bacteria Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Sang-Won; Ronald, P C

    2006-01-01

    N. and Nunez, G. (2003) Nods: intracellular proteinsbinding oligomerization domain (NOD) pro- tein family.The NOD family contains a large number of proteins from

  7. The origin of a derived superkingdom: how a gram-positive bacterium crossed the desert to become an archaeon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valas, Ruben E; Bourne, Philip E

    2011-01-01

    with enough bacteria to need the resistance inferred by thisEven though bacteria are able to gain resistance through a

  8. Marker-exchange mutagenesis and complementation strategies for the Gram-negative bacteria Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Sang-Won; Ronald, P C

    2006-01-01

    of a Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae flagellar operon region2002) The Xanthomonas oryzae pv. lozengeoryzae raxP and raxQsystem in xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae required for AvrXa21

  9. Azithromycin Synergizes with Cationic Antimicrobial Peptides to Exert Bactericidal and Therapeutic Activity Against Highly Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizet, Victor

    , including virulence factor inhibition, bacterio- phage therapy, probiotics and immune boosting (Cegelski et

  10. Chapter 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    containing 200 gal of water and 150 lb of fertilizer ... contains 200 gal of water, in which initially 100 lb ... the fertilizer contents y1(t) in T1 and y2(t) in T2. ff 12 gal/ ...

  11. Measuring and moderating the water resource impact of biofuel production and trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fingerman, Kevin Robert

    2012-01-01

    gasification   and  mixed  alcohol  synthesis  of  lignocellulosic  biomass."  biomass  (Jones,  Valkenburg  et  al.  2009)  and  only  1.9   gal/gal  for  gasification  

  12. MATH 261.005 NAME (print): Instr. K. Ciesielski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciesielski, Krzysztof Chris

    .1 to estimate y(0.1). Ex. 5. A tank with a capacity of 500 gal originally contains 200 gal of wather with 100 lb

  13. Tradeoffs between Costs and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Design of Urban Transit Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griswold, Julia Baird

    2013-01-01

    to 2012 dollars Diesel fuel price ($/gal) $4 US EIA (2012)to 2012 dollars Diesel fuel price ($/gal) $4 USEIA (2012)

  14. Measuring and moderating the water resource impact of biofuel production and trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fingerman, Kevin Robert

    2012-01-01

    gasification   and  mixed  alcohol  synthesis  of  lignocellulosic  biomass."  biomass  (Jones,  Valkenburg  et  al.  2009)  and  only  1.9   gal/gal  for  gasification  and  

  15. The Cultivar newsletter, Spring/Winter 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center for Agroecology & Sustainable Food Systems

    2007-01-01

    costs** Irrigation water (31,950 gallons 3rd year) Vinegar (50.5 gallons 3rd year) Mulch ($10/yard)Phytamin (10 gallons 3rd year) Total .16 acres per acre

  16. Results of the 2008-09 Campus Travel Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovejoy, Kristin; Handy, Susan L; Contreras, Cliff

    2009-01-01

    on compressed natural gas (CNG) rather than diesel fuel forconsumed 235,300 gallons of CNG and 17,600 gallons of dieselper gallon of diesel and CNG, respectively, 10 then Unitrans

  17. Arizona: Solar Panels Replace Inefficient Fossil Fuel-Powered...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    saving over 30,000 gallons of gasoline, 37,242 gallons of diesel, 9,820 gallons of propane, and producing 217,350 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity each year. The...

  18. Techno-economic Analysis for the Thermochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol via Acetic Acid Synthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Yunhua; Jones, Susanne B.

    2009-04-01

    Biomass is a renewable energy resource that can be converted into liquid fuel suitable for transportation applications. As a widely available biomass form, lignocellulosic biomass can have a major impact on domestic transportation fuel supplies and thus help meet the Energy Independence and Security Act renewable energy goals (U.S. Congress 2007). This study performs a techno-economic analysis of the thermo chemical conversion of biomass to ethanol, through methanol and acetic acid, followed by hydrogenation of acetic acid to ethanol. The conversion of syngas to methanol and methanol to acetic acid are well-proven technologies with high conversions and yields. This study was undertaken to determine if this highly selective route to ethanol could provide an already established economically attractive route to ethanol. The feedstock was assumed to be wood chips at 2000 metric ton/day (dry basis). Two types of gasification technologies were evaluated: an indirectly-heated gasifier and a directly-heated oxygen-blown gasifier. Process models were developed and a cost analysis was performed. The carbon monoxide used for acetic acid synthesis from methanol and the hydrogen used for hydrogenation were assumed to be purchased and not derived from the gasifier. Analysis results show that ethanol selling prices are estimated to be $2.79/gallon and $2.81/gallon for the indirectly-heated gasifier and the directly-heated gasifier systems, respectively (1stQ 2008$, 10% ROI). These costs are above the ethanol market price for during the same time period ($1.50 - $2.50/gal). The co-production of acetic acid greatly improves the process economics as shown in the figure below. Here, 20% of the acetic acid is diverted from ethanol production and assumed to be sold as a co-product at the prevailing market prices ($0.40 - $0.60/lb acetic acid), resulting in competitive ethanol production costs.

  19. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to Farm Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","U.S. Total Distillate SalesDeliveries to Electric Utility Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","U.S. Total Distillate SalesDeliveries to...

  20. Seventh Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan nwcouncil.org/7thplan N-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ...................................................3 Figure N - 2: RBSA 2012 Single Family Distribution on Water Heater Fuel To 55 Gallon Water Heating Gallon Water Heating

  1. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kerosene SalesDeliveries to Industrial Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","East Coast (PADD 1) Kerosene SalesDeliveries to Industrial Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","New...

  2. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kerosene SalesDeliveries to Residential Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","East Coast (PADD 1) Kerosene SalesDeliveries to Residential Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","New...

  3. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Date","U.S. Total Distillate Retail Deliveries (Thousand Gallons)","East Coast (PADD 1) Total Distillate Retail Deliveries (Thousand Gallons)","New England (PADD 1A)...

  4. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Total Distillate SalesDeliveries to Farm Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","East Coast (PADD 1) Total Distillate SalesDeliveries to Farm Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","New...

  5. ,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2. Fuel Oil Consumption and Expenditure Intensities, 1999" ,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures" ,"per Building (gallons)","per Square Foot (gallons)","per Worker...

  6. ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0. Fuel Oil Consumption (gallons) and Energy Intensities by End Use for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption (million gallons)",,,,,"Fuel Oil Energy Intensity...

  7. --No Title--

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    4. Fuel Oil Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Fuel Oil Consumption Fuel Oil Expenditures per Building (gallons) per Square Foot (gallons) per...

  8. ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Fuel Oil Consumption (gallons) and Energy Intensities by End Use for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption (million gallons)",,,,,"Fuel Oil Energy Intensity...

  9. Structural Divergence in Vertebrate Phylogeny of a Duplicated Prototype Galectin

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bhat, R.; Chakraborty, M.; Mian, I. S.; Newman, S. A.

    2014-09-25

    Prototype galectins, endogenously expressed animal lectins with a single carbohydrate recognition domain, are well-known regulators of tissue properties such as growth and adhesion. The earliest discovered and best studied of the prototype galectins is Galectin-1 (Gal-1). In the Gallus gallus (chicken) genome, Gal-1 is represented by two homologs: Gal-1A and Gal-1B, with distinct biochemical properties, tissue expression, and developmental functions. We investigated the origin of the Gal-1A/Gal-1B divergence to gain insight into when their developmental functions originated and how they could have contributed to vertebrate phenotypic evolution. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic tree construction showed that the Gal-1A/Gal-1B divergence can bemore »traced back to the origin of the sauropsid lineage (consisting of extinct and extant reptiles and birds) although lineage-specific duplications also occurred in the amphibian and actinopterygian genomes. Gene synteny analysis showed that sauropsid gal-1b (the gene for Gal-1B) and its frog and actinopterygian gal-1 homologs share a similar chromosomal location, whereas sauropsid gal-1a has translocated to a new position. Surprisingly, we found that chicken Gal-1A, encoded by the translocated gal-1a, was more similar in its tertiary folding pattern than Gal-1B, encoded by the untranslocated gal-1b, to experimentally determined and predicted folds of nonsauropsid Gal-1s. This inference is consistent with our finding of a lower proportion of conserved residues in sauropsid Gal-1Bs, and evidence for positive selection of sauropsid gal-1b, but not gal-1a genes. We propose that the duplication and structural divergence of Gal-1B away from Gal-1A led to specialization in both expression and function in the sauropsid lineage.« less

  10. Structural Divergence in Vertebrate Phylogeny of a Duplicated Prototype Galectin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhat, R.; Chakraborty, M.; Mian, I. S.; Newman, S. A.

    2014-09-25

    Prototype galectins, endogenously expressed animal lectins with a single carbohydrate recognition domain, are well-known regulators of tissue properties such as growth and adhesion. The earliest discovered and best studied of the prototype galectins is Galectin-1 (Gal-1). In the Gallus gallus (chicken) genome, Gal-1 is represented by two homologs: Gal-1A and Gal-1B, with distinct biochemical properties, tissue expression, and developmental functions. We investigated the origin of the Gal-1A/Gal-1B divergence to gain insight into when their developmental functions originated and how they could have contributed to vertebrate phenotypic evolution. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic tree construction showed that the Gal-1A/Gal-1B divergence can be traced back to the origin of the sauropsid lineage (consisting of extinct and extant reptiles and birds) although lineage-specific duplications also occurred in the amphibian and actinopterygian genomes. Gene synteny analysis showed that sauropsid gal-1b (the gene for Gal-1B) and its frog and actinopterygian gal-1 homologs share a similar chromosomal location, whereas sauropsid gal-1a has translocated to a new position. Surprisingly, we found that chicken Gal-1A, encoded by the translocated gal-1a, was more similar in its tertiary folding pattern than Gal-1B, encoded by the untranslocated gal-1b, to experimentally determined and predicted folds of nonsauropsid Gal-1s. This inference is consistent with our finding of a lower proportion of conserved residues in sauropsid Gal-1Bs, and evidence for positive selection of sauropsid gal-1b, but not gal-1a genes. We propose that the duplication and structural divergence of Gal-1B away from Gal-1A led to specialization in both expression and function in the sauropsid lineage.

  11. Vandose Zone Characterization Project at the Hanford Tank Farms: SX Tank Farm Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodeur, J.R.; Koizumi, C.J.; Bertsch, J.F.

    1996-09-01

    The SX Tank Farm is located in the southwest portion of the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. This tank farm consists of 15 single-shell tanks (SSTs), each with an individual capacity of 1 million gallons (gal). These tanks currently store high-level nuclear waste that was primarily generated from what was called the oxidation-reduction or {open_quotes}REDOX{close_quotes} process at the S-Plant facility. Ten of the 15 tanks are listed in Hanlon as {open_quotes}assumed leakers{close_quotes} and are known to have leaked various amounts of high-level radioactive liquid to the vadose zone sediment. The current liquid content of each tank varies, but the liquid from known leaking tanks has been removed to the extent possible. In 1994, the U.S. Department of Energy Richland Office (DOE-RL) requested the DOE Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO), Grand Junction, Colorado, to perform a baseline characterization of contamination in the vadose zone at all the SST farms with spectral gamma-ray logging of boreholes surrounding the tanks. The SX Tank Farm geophysical logging was completed, and the results of this baseline characterization are presented in this report.

  12. Techno-Economic Analysis of Biochemical Scenarios for Production of Cellulosic Ethanol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kazi, F. K.; Fortman, J.; Anex, R.; Kothandaraman, G.; Hsu, D.; Aden, A.; Dutta, A.

    2010-06-01

    A techno-economic analysis on the production of cellulosic ethanol by fermentation was conducted to understand the viability of liquid biofuel production processes within the next 5-8 years. Initially, 35 technologies were reviewed, then a two-step down selection was performed to choose scenarios to be evaluated in a more detailed economic analysis. The lignocellulosic ethanol process was selected because it is well studied and portions of the process have been tested at pilot scales. Seven process variations were selected and examined in detail. Process designs were constrained to public data published in 2007 or earlier, without projecting for future process improvements. Economic analysis was performed for an 'nth plant' (mature technology) to obtain total investment and product value (PV). Sensitivity analysis was performed on PV to assess the impact of variations in process and economic parameters. Results show that the modeled dilute acid pretreatment process without any downstream process variation had the lowest PV of $3.40/gal of ethanol ($5.15/gallon of gasoline equivalent) in 2007 dollars. Sensitivity analysis shows that PV is most sensitive to feedstock and enzyme costs.

  13. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (million square | Fuel Oil Energy Intensity | | | (million gallons) | feet) | (gallonssquare foot) | | |---+---+---...

  14. Water Conservation Songs 1 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Water Conservation Songs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Conservation Songs 1 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Water Conservation Songs Gallon the drain, It's my job to turn it off, I want to save that rain! Cups, cups, cups of water, Running down the drain, It's my job to turn it off, I want to save that rain! Gallons, gallons, gallons of water Rushing

  15. Financing West Virginia's Highways: Challenges and Opportunities1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    ) ....................................................................................................................................................... 38 Figure A2 Weekly U.S. Regular Retail Gasoline Prices (Cents per Gallon

  16. Cardiovascular Gram WINTER/SPRING 2008 A NEWSLETTER TO PHYSICIANS FROM THE PAT AND JIM CALHOUN CARDIOLOGY CENTER AT UCONN HEALTH CENTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    ischemic attack and stroke, arm claudication, vertebral artery insufficiency, hypertension, angina and Public Awareness Deficiency Director's Column 2 MicroRNAs and 11 Heart Disease Studies and Awards 12 cont

  17. Miowol Recipe (Antifade reagent) 1. Put 6 g glycerol in a 50 ml plastic centrifuge tube and add a small stir bar. (note--Grams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Robert D.

    Miowol Recipe (Antifade reagent) 1. Put 6 g glycerol in a 50 ml plastic centrifuge tube and add.5% (w/v) and vortex until dissolved. 8. Centrifuge at 5000 g for 15 minutes to remove any undissolved

  18. Testing in support of transportation of residues in the pipe overpack container

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ammerman, D.J.; Bobbe, J.G.; Arviso, M.; Bronowski, D.R.

    1997-04-01

    The disposition of the large back-log of plutonium residues at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Rocky Flats) will require interim storage and subsequent shipment to a waste repository. Current plants call for disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) and the transportation to WIPP in the TRUPACT-II. The transportation phase will require the residues to be packaged in a container that is more robust than a standard 55-gallon waste drum. Rocky Flats has designed the Pipe Overpack Container to meet this need. The tests described here were performed to qualify the Pipe Overpack Container as a waste container for shipment in the TRUPACT-II. Using a more robust container will assure the fissile materials in each container can not be mixed with the fissile material from the other containers and will provide criticality control. This will allow an increase in the payload of the TRUPACT-II from 325 fissile gram equivalents to 2,800 fissile gram equivalents.

  19. Demonstration Results From Greenhouse Heating with Liquified Wood

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steele, Philip; Parish, Don; Cooper, Jerome

    2011-07-01

    A boiler fuel known as Lignocellulosic Boiler Fuel (LBF) was developed at the Department of Forest Products, Mississippi State University for potential application for heating agricultural buildings. LBF was field tested to heat green houses in cooperation with Natchez Trace Greenhouses (NTG) located in Kosciusko, Mississippi. MSU modified an idled natural gas boiler located at NTG to combust the LBF. Thirty gallons of bio-oil were produced at the MSU Bio-oil Research Laboratory. The bio-oil was produced from the fast-pyrolysis of southern pine (15 gal) and white oak (15 gal) feedstocks and subsequently upgraded by a proprietary process. Preliminary field testing was conducted at (NTG). The LBF was produced from each wood species was tested separately and co-fed with diesel fuel to yield three fuel formulations: (1) 100% diesel; (2) 87.5% LBF from southern pine bio-oil co-fed with 12.5% diesel and (3) 87.5% LBF from white oak co-fed with 12.5% diesel fuel formulations. Each fuel formulation was combusted in a retrofit NTG boiler. Fuel consumption and water temperature were measured periodically. Flue gas from the boiler was analyzed by gas chromatograph. The 100% diesel fuel increased water temperature at a rate of 4 ���°F per min. for 35 min. to achieve the target 140 ���°F water temperature increase. The 87.5% pine LBF fuel cofed with 12.5%) diesel attained the 140 ���°F water temperature increase in 62 min. at a rate of 2.3 ���°F per min. The 87.5% white oak LBF fuel co-fed with 12.5% diesel reached the 140 ���°F water temperature increase in 85 min. at a rate of 1.6 ���°F per min. Fuel that contained 87.5% pine LBF co-fed with 12.5% diesel yielded nitrogen and oxygen at a ratio of 5.3 and carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide at a ratio of 22.2. Fuel formulations that contained 87.5% white oak LBF co-fed with 12.5% diesel yielded nitrogen and oxygen at a ratio of 4.9 and carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide at a ratio of 16.4. Neither the pine LBF nor the white oak LBF fuel showed any measureable methane emissions from the NTG boiler flue gas. These results indicate a viable potential for mildly upgraded bio-oil to become an alternative fuel source for greenhouse operations.

  20. Fifteen years of operation with inorganic highly selective ion exchange materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tusa, E. [Fortum Nuclear Services Ltd (Finland); Harjula, R. [Helsinki Univ., Radiochemical laboratory (Finland); Yarnell, P. [Graver Technologies, LLC, Glasgow, DE (United States)

    2007-07-01

    During latest fifteen years three highly selective inorganic ion exchange materials, CsTreat{sup R}, SrTreat{sup R}, and CoTreat, have been in full scale commercial use. All these materials have high capacity, and they give high decontamination factor (DF) and remarkably good volume reduction factor for storage and final disposal. A new material for antimony removal is currently coming for demonstration phase. Since 1991 only 160 liters (5.7 cu.ft) of cesium specific material, CsTreat{sup R}, has been used to purify over 1,100 m{sup 3} (over 290,000 gal) of high salt evaporator concentrates in Fortum's Loviisa NPP in Finland (1-3). In Olkiluoto NPP about 240 m{sup 3} (63,400 gal) of pool water was purified by a single 12 liter (0.4 cu.ft) column. First US application at Callaway NPP purified cesium from about 3,000 m{sup 3} (800,000 gallons) with about 250 liters (9 cu.ft) of CsTreat in their de-min system. A demonstration project at SRS site showed possibilities to remove cesium and strontium from pool water by recirculation. In Japan, reprocessing liquid was efficiently treated at JAERI site in Tokai-mura. Original cesium and strontium concentrations of about 7,4 GBq/liter (200 mCi/liter) were reduced by factors of well over 1,000. In UK, UKAEA has used CsTreat in their effluent treatment system to remove cesium from sodium coolant of their prototype fast reactor (PFR). 950 tons of sodium resulting in the generation of approximately 9000 tons of liquid effluent was treated. Cesium levels were reduced to below detection limit for release. Because of slow kinetics of inorganic materials the use of these materials in powder form was developed. Powder form CoTreat was successfully tested for use as pre-coat to existing Funda filters in THOPR feed pond plant (Sellafield, UK). Based on the same chemistry, Graver Technologies developed CsFloc and CoFloc materials for US market. CoFloc material has also demonstrated a secondary specificity for antimony removal, but this is still under testing. Well over 200 different cases were tested by customers for these ion exchange materials. Many of those tests have led to real applications and there are still many cases to come. Best benefit for users come from high volume reduction of waste volume and from high decontamination of purified liquid. (authors)

  1. Understanding Substrate Features Influenced by Pretreatments that Limit Biomass Deconstruction by Enzymes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Xiadi

    2013-01-01

    GM), galactomannan(GalM), arabinoxylan(AX), and xyloglucan (Lot 10501b), wheat arabinoxylan (Lot 20301b), andGM), galactomannan(GalM), arabinoxylan(AX), and xyloglucan (

  2. PROCESS DEVELOPMENT STUDIES ON THE BIOCONVERSION OF CELLULOSE AND PRODUCTION OF ETHANOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilke, Charles R.

    2011-01-01

    COSTS DIRECT COSTS~-RAW MATERIALS VAC~FERM basis (1 atm \\ co3 gal H 0 $85. /ton RAW MATERIALS SUBTOTAL %/GAL DIRECTA.F, and Freitas, R.F" Raw Materials Evaluation and Process

  3. Alternative Fuels Is US Investment in Hydrogen,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    the road in 1993 #12;How it works · Two ways to use Hydrogen ­ Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine · Works ($2 million each) · At the pump costs equivalent to about $3/gal before taxes$3/gal before taxes

  4. The role of Id2 and Id3 in memory CD8? T cells differentiation and natural killer T cell homeostasis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Cliff Yang

    2012-01-01

    of NK1.1 + TCR? + or CD1d tetramer + NKT cells for indicatedof ?GalCer-loaded CD1d tetramer + NKT cells for indicated?GalCer-loaded CD1d tetramer, then examined for expression

  5. Analysis of global airline alliances as a strategy for international network development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tugores-García, Antonio, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    Since the late 1990s, network airlines worldwide have being enrolling in one of the three current Global Airline Alliances (GALs), oneworld, Star Alliance and SkyTeam. By 2011, airlines belonging to the three GALs transported ...

  6. Midterm1 with answer keys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-10-04

    Oct 3, 2014 ... Assume there is air resistance of. |v|. 40 where the .... A tank with a capacity of 500 gal originally contains 200 gal of water with. 100 lb of salt in ...

  7. 7 Wednesday, January 28

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-30

    (1) A tank wil a capacity of 500 gal originally contains 200 gal of water with 100 lb ... (a) Neglecting air resistance, find the maximum height above the ground that ...

  8. The effect of biofuel on the international oil market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David D.

    2010-01-01

    Biofuel on the International Oil Market Gal Hochman, Deepakof biofuel on the international oil market ? Gal Hochman,are dominated by cartel of oil-rich countries, and that

  9. The Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochman, Gal; Sexton, Steven; Zilberman, David D.

    2010-01-01

    prices. The reason: demand for biofuel increases, and ?rst-The Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment GalThe Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment ? Gal

  10. Be Environmentally Responsible! Minimize the amount of cardboard boxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oviedo, Néstor J.

    ­ (only fish in 10 gal. tank or smaller are permitted) · Weapons ­ guns, stun guns, tasers, air guns

  11. Towards the optimal integrated production of biodiesel with internal recycling of methanol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    the use of autoreforming for a production cost 0f $0.61/gal, 3.34MJ/gal of energy consumption and 0.79gal1 Towards the optimal integrated production of biodiesel with internal recycling of methanol of the production methanol from glycerol and its integration in the production of biodiesel from algae. We propose

  12. Geothermal space heating applications for the Fort Peck Indian Reservation in the vicinity of Poplar, Montana. Final report, August 20, 1979-May 31, 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Birman, J.H.; Cohen, J.; Spencer, G.J.

    1980-10-01

    The results of a first-stage evaluation of the overall feasibility of utilizing geothermal waters from the Madison aquifer in the vicinity of Poplar, Montana for space heating are reported. A preliminary assessment of the resource characteristics, a preliminary design and economic evaluation of a geothermal heating district and an analysis of environmental and institutional issues are included. Preliminary investigations were also made into possible additional uses of the geothermal resource, including ethanol production. The results of the resource analysis showed that the depth to the top of the Madison occurs at approximately 5,500 feet at Poplar, and the Madison Group is characterized by low average porosity (about 5 percent) and permeability (about 0.004 gal/day-ft), and by hot water production rates of a few tens of gallons per minute from intervals a few feet thick. The preliminary heating district system effort for the town of Poplar included design heat load estimates, a field development concept, and preliminary design of heat extraction and hot water distribution systems. The environmental analysis, based on current data, indicated that resource development is not expected to result in undue impacts. The institutional analysis concluded that a Tribal geothermal utility could be established, but no clear-cut procedure can be identified without a more comprehensive evaluation of legal and jurisdistional issues. The economic evaluation found that, if the current trend of rapidly increasing prices for fossil fuels continues, a geothermal heating district within Poplar could be a long-term, economically attractive alternative to current energy sources.

  13. Water and Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.

    2013-01-01

    produced water from production of crude oil, natural gas,the production and processing of each gallon of crude oil (production and processing of 1 gallon (3.8 liters) of crude oil

  14. Water and Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.

    2013-01-01

    water from production of crude oil, natural gas, and coaleach gallon (3.79 liters) of crude oil. When combined withto refine each gallon of crude oil, between 3.6 and 7.0

  15. An Environmental and Economic Trade-off Analysis of Manufacturing Process Chains to Inform Decision Making for Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Stefanie L.

    2013-01-01

    Waste [gallons] Lube oil waste [gallons] Solid Waste [lbs] LWaste (landfill) Liquid Waste (oil) Hazardous Waste (sludge,hydraulic oils used Collect data on all the types of waste

  16. ,"U.S. Total Sales of Residual Fuel Oil by End Use"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to Oil Company Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","U.S. Residual Fuel Oil SalesDeliveries to Electric Utility Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","U.S. Residual Fuel Oil SalesDeliveries to...

  17. Cellulosic Liquid Fuels Commercial Production Today

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fuels RFS2 Approved Modular facilities producing 5-20 million gallons year of RFO Capex of 20-100 MM 20+ years of combustion experience - over 15 million gallons...

  18. Water Withdrawals for Hydraulic Fracturing (Updated May 7, 2014)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Water Withdrawals for Hydraulic Fracturing (Updated May 7, 2014) Hydraulic require millions of gallons of water. In Pennsylvania, for example, hydraulic gallons of water over a 2 to 5 day period (SRBC). Natural gas industry

  19. Treatment of drinking water to improve its sanitary or bacteriological quality is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,000 gallons), such an approach can be wasteful, increasing energy costs for the well pump to refill the tank-gallon bucket and fill the bucket with clean water. Thoroughly mix together the chlorine and water before

  20. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Date","U.S. Kerosene SalesDeliveries to Other End Users (Thousand Gallons)","East Coast (PADD 1) Kerosene SalesDeliveries to Other End Users (Thousand Gallons)","New England...

  1. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    VTESOR1","KDRVTESWA1" "Date","U.S. Kerosene Retail Deliveries (Thousand Gallons)","East Coast (PADD 1) Kerosene Retail Deliveries (Thousand Gallons)","New England (PADD 1A)...

  2. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Date","U.S. Kerosene Adj SalesDeliveries Total to End Users (Thousand Gallons)","East Coast (PADD 1) Kerosene Adj SalesDeliveries Total to End Users (Thousand Gallons)","New...

  3. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Date","U.S. Kerosene SalesDeliveries to Farm Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","East Coast (PADD 1) Kerosene SalesDeliveries to Farm Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","New England...

  4. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Total Distillate SalesDeliveries to Other End Users (Thousand Gallons)","East Coast (PADD 1) Total Distillate SalesDeliveries to Other End Users (Thousand Gallons)","New...

  5. Lesson 33 The two methods we have used to solve systems are ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick Devlin

    2014-06-02

    A large solar heating panel requires 120 gallons of a fluid that is 30% antifreeze. The fluid comes in either a 50% solution or a 20% solution. How many gallons ...

  6. MA 15300 Lesson 8 Notes Remember: When working with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Charlotte M

    2014-06-17

    A large solar heating panel requires 120 gallons of a fluid that is 30% antifreeze. The fluid comes in either a 50% solution or a 20% solution. How many gallons ...

  7. Ocean Odysseys: Jack O'Neill, Dan Haifley, and the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neill, Jack; Haifley, Dan; Reti, Irene; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

    2012-01-01

    416,598 gallons of crude oil. It was owned by British10.8 million gallons of crude oil into Prince William Sound,4.9 million barrels of crude oil. This is the largest

  8. c34.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    per Worker (gallons) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Gallon (dollars) All Buildings* ... 3,555 0.11 81.6 3.9 0.12 1.11...

  9. The Home Energy Score: Measuring 'MPG' For Your Home | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Editor's Note: Cross-posted from the Energy Blog. You may know the miles per gallon your car gets, but have you ever wanted to know the miles per gallon your home gets? Vice...

  10. Last Updated 5/2014 Case Study AD-21 Manure Management Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    ,000 gallons Estimated hydraulic retention time 30 days Solid-liquid separator Yes; screw press solid separator description A 1.3 million-gallon mixed digester with a designed hydraulic retention time of approximately 30

  11. Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the preliminary L. starkeyi metabolic model. The current plant gate production cost for a distillate-range hydrocarbon fuel was estimated by the process model Base Case to be $9.5/gallon ($9.0 /gallon of gasoline

  12. More Final Exam Practice Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Charlotte M

    2014-05-02

    11) A solar heating panel requires 150 gallons of a fluid that is 55% antifreeze. The fluid comes in either a 75% or a 30% solution. How many gallons of the 75%

  13. Fact #645: October 18, 2010 Price of Diesel Fuel versus Gasoline in Europe

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A comparison between the average annual price of a gallon of gasoline and a gallon of highway diesel fuel in several European countries shows that a large change took place in 2008. In most of the...

  14. Refundable Clean Heating Fuel Tax Credit (Personal)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The value of the tax credit is $0.01/gallon for each percent of biodiesel blended with conventional home heating oil, up to a maximum of $0.20/ gallon. In other words, the purchaser of a mixture ...

  15. Fact #675: May 16, 2011 Gasoline Prices by Region, May 2, 2011

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The West Coast region paid the highest prices for gasoline averaging $4.14 for a gallon of regular gasoline while the Rocky Mountain region paid the least at $3.70 per gallon. The southern states,...

  16. Past Exam 1 Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick Devlin

    2015-09-24

    A large solar heating panel requires 120-gallons of a fluid that is 30% antifreeze. The fluid comes in either a 50% solution or a 20% solution. How many gallons ...

  17. L.T. Blackford

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    942k gallons (CY 14M) Received Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility (ERDF) leachate (119k gallons) at Liquid Effluent Retention Facility (LERF) Basin 44 (CY 1.8M)...

  18. Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon Fact 848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon In 1975, only three percent of all...

  19. Effects of the drought on California electricity supply and demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benenson, P.

    2010-01-01

    kwh/gallon X 10- 3 a Waste Water Treatment kwh/gallon X 10-3re- requirements for waste water treatment. This year,requirements for residential waste water treatment have also

  20. The Traffic Circle of Life Anna Nagurney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    gallons of wasted fuel ­ enough to fill 4 New Orleans Superdomes. Anna Nagurney The Traffic Circle of Life

  1. The Persistence of Economic Factors in Shaping Regulation and Environmental Performance: The Limits of Regulation and Social License Pressures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Dorothy; Kagan, Robert; Gunningham, Neil

    2007-01-01

    increased more than diesel fuel prices. In addition, truckAvg. Diesel price in 2006 ($/gallon) / Average fuel economy

  2. Texas Rice, Volume VII, Number 4 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    , and annual domestic biodiesel produc- tion increases to 1 billion gallons. Under Scenario 2, annual domestic ethanol production increases to 20 billion gallons by 2016, and annual domestic biodiesel production increases to 1 billion gallons... of biodiesel production in 2016 in USDA’s long-term agricultural projections released in February 2007 (baseline). Dur- ing 2007-16, domestic ethanol production increases by an average of 2 billion gallons year under Scenario 1 compared with the baseline...

  3. Introduction 7 by Sarah G. Allen & William Shook, National Park Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruns, Tom

    tankers, 7 helicopters and 196 fire engines were involved. Over 429,00 gallons of fire retardant and 1

  4. Microsoft Word - BMPPlan Botts

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    -- gallon per minute GSA -- General Services Administration HVAC -- Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning ISO -- International Standards Organization IWPF -- Industrial Wastewater...

  5. Moving On-Campus and Not Sure What to Bring? Moving in is an exciting part of being a college student but it can also cause anxiety. To ease the transition, here is a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of fish (with a limit of 25-gallon tanks) Waterbeds or mattress from home #12; Drapes for the windows

  6. World Biofuels Production Potential Understanding the Challenges to Meeting the U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sastri, B.; Lee, A.

    2008-09-15

    This study by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) estimates the worldwide potential to produce biofuels including biofuels for export. It was undertaken to improve our understanding of the potential for imported biofuels to satisfy the requirements of Title II of the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) in the coming decades. Many other countries biofuels production and policies are expanding as rapidly as ours. Therefore, we modeled a detailed and up-to-date representation of the amount of biofuel feedstocks that are being and can be grown, current and future biofuels production capacity, and other factors relevant to the economic competitiveness of worldwide biofuels production, use, and trade. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) identified and prepared feedstock data for countries that were likely to be significant exporters of biofuels to the U.S. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) calculated conversion costs by conducting material flow analyses and technology assessments on biofuels technologies. Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) integrated the country specific feedstock estimates and conversion costs into the global Energy Technology Perspectives (ETP) MARKAL (MARKet ALlocation) model. The model uses least-cost optimization to project the future state of the global energy system in five year increments. World biofuels production was assessed over the 2010 to 2030 timeframe using scenarios covering a range U.S. policies (tax credits, tariffs, and regulations), as well as oil prices, feedstock availability, and a global CO{sub 2} price. All scenarios include the full implementation of existing U.S. and selected other countries biofuels policies (Table 4). For the U.S., the most important policy is the EISA Title II Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). It progressively increases the required volumes of renewable fuel used in motor vehicles (Appendix B). The RFS requires 36 billion (B) gallons (gal) per year of renewable fuels by 2022. Within the mandate, amounts of advanced biofuels, including biomass-based diesel and cellulosic biofuels, are required beginning in 2009. Imported renewable fuels are also eligible for the RFS. Another key U.S. policy is the $1.01 per gal tax credit for producers of cellulosic biofuels enacted as part of the 2008 Farm Bill. This credit, along with the DOE's research, development and demonstration (RD&D) programs, are assumed to enable the rapid expansion of U.S. and global cellulosic biofuels production needed for the U.S. to approach the 2022 RFS goal. While the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has yet to issue RFS rules to determine which fuels would meet the greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction and land use restrictions specified in EISA, we assume that cellulosic ethanol, biomass-to-liquid fuels (BTL), sugar-derived ethanol, and fatty acid methyl ester biodiesel would all meet the EISA advanced biofuel requirements. We also assume that enough U.S. corn ethanol would meet EISA's biofuel requirements or otherwise be grandfathered under EISA to reach 15 B gal per year.

  7. BID MUST BE RECEIVED NO LATER THAN Please indicate: Minority Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    for unleaded gasoline and Number 2 Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel fuel (#2 Red Diesel) for use on their Grounds or decrease quantities. ESTIMATES: Grounds Unleaded Gasoline ­ 2,000 gallons Diesel, ultra low sulphur #2 Red gallons Diesel, ultra low sulphur #2 Red ­ 700 gallons Award will be made on an "all or none" or "item

  8. 12 March 2014 SENT TO LSU AGCENTER/LOUISIANA FOREST PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT CENTER -FOREST SECTOR / FORESTY PRODUCTS INTEREST GROUP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and the interstate system -- eventually could make the state a power in cellulosic biofuels. "There's an avenue if we cents per gallon; cellulosic biofuels, $1.01 per gallon; and biodiesel, $1 per gallon. It's unclear biofuels segment, which includes the Louisiana biodiesel facilities, would be reduced from 2.75 billion

  9. Response to Professor Hayes' response. Christopher R. Knittel and Aaron Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothman, Daniel

    oil prices. The average effect across all regions increases to $1.09/gallon and the regional impact our paper to address claims that ethanol reduced gasoline prices by $0.89/gallon in 2010 of ethanol production on gasoline prices of $0.14/gallon. This number is obtained by taking

  10. An Econometric Model of the U.S. Wine Industry. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wohlgenant, Michael K.

    1985-01-01

    in the U.S. (mil. gal.), SW = quantity of california produced wine sold in all markets (mil. gal.), MW = quantity of imported wine sold in the U.S. (mil. gal.), DPWOb = deflated index of wholesale prices of domestic wines (1967 = 100), QW = production... of California wine (mil. gal.), IW = June 30 inventories of California produced wine (mil. gal.), DPRGC = deflated crush price of raisin type grapes ($/ton), DPTGC = deflated crush price of table type grapes ($/ton), DPWGC = deflated crush price of wine type...

  11. Characterization of the Secondary Binding Sites of Maclura pomifera agglutinin by Glycan Array and Crystallographic Analyses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J Huang; Z Xu; D Wang; C Ogata; K Palczewski; X Lee; N Young

    2011-12-31

    The Maclura pomifera agglutinin (MPA) recognizes the T-antigen disaccharide Gal{beta}1,3GalNAc mainly through interaction of the {alpha}-GalNAc moiety with its primary site, but the interactions of the two flanking subsites A and B with aglycones and substituents other than Gal, respectively, are not well understood. We therefore characterized the specificity of MPA in more detail by glycan microarray analysis and determined the crystal structures of MPA without ligand and in complexes with Gal{beta}1,3GalNAc and p-nitrophenyl {alpha}-GalNAc. In both sugar complexes, pairs of ligands created inter-tetramer hydrogen-bond bridging networks. While subsite A showed increased affinity for hydrophobic aglycones, it also accommodated several sugar substituents. Notably, a GalNAc-O-tripeptide, a Tn-antigen mimic, showed lower affinity than these compounds in surface plasmon resonance (SPR) experiments. The glycan array data that showed subsite B accepted compounds in which the O3 position of the GalNAc was substituted with various sugars other than Gal, but substitutions at O6 led to inactivity. Additions to the Gal moiety of the disaccharide also had only small effects on reactivity. These results are all compatible with the features seen in the crystal structures.

  12. Corrosion of graphite/aluminum metal-matrix composites. Technical report, 1 Mar-31 Dec 90

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buonanno, M.A.; Latanision, R.M.; Hihara, L.H.; Chiang, J.F.

    1991-02-01

    Several commercial G/Al MMCs have been studied by potentiodynamic polarization in deaerated 0.5 M Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4}. The results have been compared with those which were predicted by the mixed electrode theory. The results indicate that processing conditions, especially the cooling rate, had a strong influence on the corrosion behavior of the G/Al MMCs. Large scale G/Al model MMCs were fabricated at MIT in order to study the corrosion behavior of G/Al galvanic couples with the scanning potential microprobe (SPM). Preliminary results indicate that coating graphite with discontinuous alumina did not reduce the corrosion rate of the G/Al galvanic couple. Ion implanting the surface of G/Al model MMCs with zinc, a cathodic inhibitor, did reduce the corrosion G/Al galvanic couple; however, the protection was incomplete.

  13. Energy content: 43 to 47 KJ/gram not much different from candlewax or candybars (physical density of gasoline is about .73 times that of water (.73 g/cc...it floats!).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Various Processes (watts) Solar power in all directions 1027 Solar power incident on earth 1017 Solar power avg. on U.S. 1015 Solar power consumed in photosynthesis 1014 #12;U.S. power consumption rate 1013...note this is not the output which only about 30% of the energy input..PBR 105 Solar power on roof of U.S. home 104 U

  14. Suppression of renal fibrosis by galectin-1 in high glucose-treated renal epithelial cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okano, Kazuhiro, E-mail: kaokano@kc.twmu.ac.jp; Tsuruta, Yuki; Yamashita, Tetsuri; Takano, Mari; Echida, Yoshihisa; Nitta, Kosaku

    2010-11-15

    Diabetic nephropathy is the most common cause of chronic kidney disease. We investigated the ability of intracellular galectin-1 (Gal-1), a prototype of endogenous lectin, to prevent renal fibrosis by regulating cell signaling under a high glucose (HG) condition. We demonstrated that overexpression of Gal-1 reduces type I collagen (COL1) expression and transcription in human renal epithelial cells under HG conditions and transforming growth factor-{beta}1 (TGF-{beta}1) stimulation. Matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP1) is stimulated by Gal-1. HG conditions and TGF-{beta}1 treatment augment expression and nuclear translocation of Gal-1. In contrast, targeted inhibition of Gal-1 expression reduces COL1 expression and increases MMP1 expression. The Smad3 signaling pathway is inhibited, whereas two mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways, p38 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), are activated by Gal-1, indicating that Gal-1 regulates these signaling pathways in COL1 production. Using specific inhibitors of Smad3, ERK, and p38 MAPK, we showed that ERK MAPK activated by Gal-1 plays an inhibitory role in COL1 transcription and that activation of the p38 MAPK pathway by Gal-1 plays a negative role in MMP1 production. Taken together, two MAPK pathways are stimulated by increasing levels of Gal-1 in the HG condition, leading to suppression of COL1 expression and increase of MMP1 expression.

  15. Dairy Manure Handling Systems and Equipment. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweeten, John M.

    1983-01-01

    Equipment Type System Tank Wagon, Surface spread' Tank Wagon , Surface spread' Tank Wagon, Soil injection' Irrigation , Stationary gun Irrigation , Traveling gun Irrigation, Traveling gun Nominal capacity 1,500 gal. 3,000 gal. 3,000 gal... wagon and 2000 It. haul distance labor. The total cost of pump, irrigation pipe, and traveling gun sprinkler is similar to the cost of a tank wagon system excluding the power unit (tractor) . Direct slurry irrigation systems can serve the dual...

  16. J. Fluid Mech. (2003), vol. 481, pp. 177186. c 2003 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112003003999 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Peter J.

    2003-01-01

    of Colley et al. was based on the facility of Jarre, Le Gal & Chauve (1991, 1996a, b) and was intended

  17. Polysulfone and polyacrylate-based zwitterionic coatings for...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    retention and microal- gal cell attachment, but facilitated good removal of attached microbial biomass by exposure to water-jet apparatus gener- ated hydrodynamic shearing...

  18. California’s Water Footprint: recent trends and framework for a sustainable transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fulton, Julian

    2015-01-01

    oil resources using hydraulic fracturing and other wellapplication of hydraulic fracturing techniques around theextraction, including hydraulic fracturing: 5.2 gal/MWh e (

  19. Quantifying the Comprehensive Greenhouse Gas Co-Benefits of Green Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mozingo, Louise; Arens, Ed

    2014-01-01

    25%   reduction  in  both  water  and  energy  use  within  previous  precedent  for  water-­?energy  studies   (CEC  MT/gal) Source,for,water,energy,intensities:,CAPCOA,(2010),,

  20. CISPEL CONFSERVIZI TOSCANA Symposium, Florence, April 24, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    % 0% 10% nia ria ce ey nia nia nd nd tia nia via ain ary UK nd aly kia ep ay gal ria ny ds um ce urg

  1. U.S. Air Force Energy Program Presentation

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    fuel requirements via alternative fuel blend by 2016 GOAL PROGRESS: First transcontinental flight, supersonic flight, aerial refueling 1.3M gals of alternative fuels...

  2. Sorbent Testing for the Solidification of Organic Process Waste streams from the Radiochemical Engineering Development Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bickford, J.; Foote, M. [MSE Technology Applications, Inc., Montana (United States); Taylor, P. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (United States)

    2008-07-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has tasked MSE Technology Applications, Inc. (MSE) with evaluating various sorbents to solidify the radioactive liquid organic waste from the Radiochemical Engineering Development Center (REDC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). REDC recovers and purifies heavy elements (berkelium, californium, einsteinium, and fermium) from irradiated targets for research and industrial applications. Both aqueous and organic waste streams are discharged from REDC. Organic waste is generated from the plutonium/uranium extraction (PUREX), Cleanex, and Pubex processes.1 The PUREX waste derives from an organic-aqueous isotope separation process for plutonium and uranium fission products, the Cleanex waste derives from the removal of fission products and other impurities from the americium/curium product, and the Pubex waste is derived from the separation process of plutonium from dissolved targets. An aqueous waste stream is also produced from these separation processes. MSE has been tasked to test a grouting formula for the aqueous waste stream that includes specially formulated radioactive shielding materials developed by Science and Technology Applications, LLC. This paper will focus on the sorbent testing work. Based on work performed at Savannah River Site (SRS) (Refs. 1, 2), ORNL tested and evaluated three sorbents capable of solidifying the PUREX, Pubex, and Cleanex waste streams and a composite of the three organic waste streams: Imbiber Beads{sup R} IMB230301 (Imbiber Beads), Nochar A610 Petro Bond, and Petroset II Granular{sup TM} (Petroset II-G). Surrogates of the PUREX, Pubex, Cleanex, and a composite organic waste were used for the bench-scale testing. Recommendations resulting from the ORNL testing included follow-on testing by MSE for two of the three sorbents: Nochar Petro Bond and Petroset II-G. MSE recommended that another clay sorbent, Organoclay BM-QT-199, be added to the test sequence. The sorbent/surrogate combinations were tested at bench scale, 19-liter (L) [5-gallon (gal)] bucket scale, and 208-L (55-gal) drum scale. The testing performed by MSE will help ORNL select the right solidification materials and wasteform generation methods for the design of a new treatment facility. The results could also be used to help demonstrate that ORNL could meet the waste acceptance criteria for the ultimate disposal site for the waste-forms. The organics will be solidified as transuranic waste for disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, and the aqueous waste stream will be grouted and disposed of at the Nevada Test Site as low-level waste if real waste testing indicates similar results to the surrogate testing. The objective of this work was to identify a sorbent capable of solidifying PUREX, Pubex, and Cleanex organic wastes individually and a composite of the three organic waste streams. The sorbent and surrogate combinations must also be compatible with processing equipment and maintain stability under a variety of conditions that could occur during storage/shipment of the solidified wastes. (authors)

  3. Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking: A Design Case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, Susanne B.; Valkenburt, Corinne; Walton, Christie W.; Elliott, Douglas C.; Holladay, Johnathan E.; Stevens, Don J.; Kinchin, Christopher; Czernik, Stefan

    2009-02-25

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate a processing pathway for converting biomass into infrastructure-compatible hydrocarbon biofuels. This design case investigates production of fast pyrolysis oil from biomass and the upgrading of that bio-oil as a means for generating infrastructure-ready renewable gasoline and diesel fuels. This study has been conducted using similar methodology and underlying basis assumptions as the previous design cases for ethanol. The overall concept and specific processing steps were selected because significant data on this approach exists in the public literature. The analysis evaluates technology that has been demonstrated at the laboratory scale or is in early stages of commercialization. The fast pyrolysis of biomass is already at an early stage of commercialization, while upgrading bio-oil to transportation fuels has only been demonstrated in the laboratory and at small engineering development scale. Advanced methods of pyrolysis, which are under development, are not evaluated in this study. These may be the subject of subsequent analysis by OBP. The plant is designed to use 2000 dry metric tons/day of hybrid poplar wood chips to produce 76 million gallons/year of gasoline and diesel. The processing steps include: 1.Feed drying and size reduction 2.Fast pyrolysis to a highly oxygenated liquid product 3.Hydrotreating of the fast pyrolysis oil to a stable hydrocarbon oil with less than 2% oxygen 4.Hydrocracking of the heavy portion of the stable hydrocarbon oil 5.Distillation of the hydrotreated and hydrocracked oil into gasoline and diesel fuel blendstocks 6. Hydrogen production to support the hydrotreater reactors. The "as received" feedstock to the pyrolysis plant will be "reactor ready". This development will likely further decrease the cost of producing the fuel. An important sensitivity is the possibility of co-locating the plant with an existing refinery. In this case, the plant consists only of the first three steps: feed prep, fast pyrolysis, and upgrading. Stabilized, upgraded pyrolysis oil is transferred to the refinery for separation and finishing into motor fuels. The off-gas from the hydrotreaters is also transferred to the refinery, and in return the refinery provides lower-cost hydrogen for the hydrotreaters. This reduces the capital investment. Production costs near $2/gal (in 2007 dollars) and petroleum industry infrastructure-ready products make the production and upgrading of pyrolysis oil to hydrocarbon fuels an economically attractive source of renewable fuels. The study also identifies technical areas where additional research can potentially lead to further cost improvements.

  4. Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking: A Design Case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, Susanne B.; Valkenburt, Corinne; Walton, Christie W.; Elliott, Douglas C.; Holladay, Johnathan E.; Stevens, Don J.; Kinchin, Christopher; Czernik, Stefan

    2009-02-28

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate a processing pathway for converting biomass into infrastructure-compatible hydrocarbon biofuels. This design case investigates production of fast pyrolysis oil from biomass and the upgrading of that bio-oil as a means for generating infrastructure-ready renewable gasoline and diesel fuels. This study has been conducted using the same methodology and underlying basis assumptions as the previous design cases for ethanol. The overall concept and specific processing steps were selected because significant data on this approach exists in the public literature. The analysis evaluates technology that has been demonstrated at the laboratory scale or is in early stages of commercialization. The fast pyrolysis of biomass is already at an early stage of commercialization, while upgrading bio-oil to transportation fuels has only been demonstrated in the laboratory and at small engineering development scale. Advanced methods of pyrolysis, which are under development, are not evaluated in this study. These may be the subject of subsequent analysis by OBP. The plant is designed to use 2000 dry metric tons/day of hybrid poplar wood chips to produce 76 million gallons/year of gasoline and diesel. The processing steps include: 1.Feed drying and size reduction 2.Fast pyrolysis to a highly oxygenated liquid product 3.Hydrotreating of the fast pyrolysis oil to a stable hydrocarbon oil with less than 2% oxygen 4.Hydrocracking of the heavy portion of the stable hydrocarbon oil 5.Distillation of the hydrotreated and hydrocracked oil into gasoline and diesel fuel blendstocks 6. Hydrogen production to support the hydrotreater reactors. The “as received” feedstock to the pyrolysis plant will be “reactor ready.” This development will likely further decrease the cost of producing the fuel. An important sensitivity is the possibility of co-locating the plant with an existing refinery. In this case, the plant consists only of the first three steps: feed prep, fast pyrolysis, and upgrading. Stabilized, upgraded pyrolysis oil is transferred to the refinery for separation and finishing into motor fuels. The off-gas from the hydrotreaters is also transferred to the refinery, and in return the refinery provides lower-cost hydrogen for the hydrotreaters. This reduces the capital investment. Production costs near $2/gal (in 2007 dollars) and petroleum industry infrastructure-ready products make the production and upgrading of pyrolysis oil to hydrocarbon fuels an economically attractive source of renewable fuels. The study also identifies technical areas where additional research can potentially lead to further cost improvements.

  5. OR221 MIDTERM Due: 9:30 am, Thursday, March 9, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulkarni, Vidyadhar G.

    in Eq. (6.66). Try using q = + µ in Equation (6.72). P2. (10 pts.) Gasoline Prices. Let X(t) be the price of gasoline (in $ per gallon) at time t (time is measured in weeks). Suppose that X(t) = 2.00 + .1 and Bob. Al buys 10 gallons of gasoline at 8 am on every Monday. Bob also buys 10 gallons of gasoline

  6. Degradation of Guar-Based Fracturing Gels: A Study of Oxidative and Enzymatic Breakers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarwar, Muhammad Usman

    2012-02-14

    common breakers used in the industry. The breakers studied cover a working temperature range of 75 oF to 300 oF. The effectiveness of each breaker was studied and also the amount of damage that it causes. iv Viscosity profiles were developed... by the Harold Vance Department of Petroleum Engineering of Texas A&M University are gratefully acknowledged. vii NOMENCLATURE ppt pounds per thousand gallons gpt gallons per thousand gallons T temperature (oF) n? flow behavior index...

  7. Proto-Omagua-Kokama: Grammatical Sketch and Prehistory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Hagan, Zachary

    2011-01-01

    F. A. Alcaraz (2001). Gram´ tica guaran´ (2 ed. ). Asunci´Faust, N. (2008). Gram´ tica cocama: Lecciones para elSeki, L. (2000). Gram´ tica do Kamaiur´ : L´ a a ?ngua Tup´

  8. Hanford Tank Waste Retrieval, Treatment and Disposition Framework...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    the Office of River Protection (ORP) mission of stabilizing 56 million gallons of chemical and radioactive waste stored in Hanford's 177 tanks is one of the Energy Department's...

  9. SBP 003 2/25/2015 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    capable of delivering between 100 - 450 gallons per minute (gpm) of chromium contaminated water from three extraction wells to two nearby treatment units from which treated water...

  10. stat es Department of the I nte rior, J. A. Krug, Secretary ~is h and Wildlife Service, Albert M. Day. Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of centrifugal pumps which had a capacity of 100 gallons per minute. 2 #12;--- 1- -= ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ;:-J

  11. Hanford Treats Record Amount of Groundwater

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Workers have treated more than 800 million gallons of groundwater at the Hanford Site so far this year, a record annual amount.

  12. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (million gallons) Fuel Oil Energy Intensity (gallonssquare foot) Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All...

  13. Office of Acquisition and Project Management

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    production and energy research generated millions of gallons of liquid radioactive waste, millions of cubic meters of solid radioactive wastes, thousands of tons of spent...

  14. Hanford Single-Shell Tank Integrity Program

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    on 241-S-102 * Estimates of detection capability ranged from 800 to 2,000 gallons - Surface Geophysical Exploration (SGE) Technologies * Demonstrated in 241-C Tank Farm...

  15. Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook-

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    2003 Total Fuel Oil Consumption (million gallons) Fuel Oil Energy Intensity (gallonssquare foot) Energy Information Administration 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption...

  16. DOE News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for eliminating the risk to the environment posed by Hanford's 53 million gallons of radioactive and chemical waste stored in 177 underground tanks. "The safe retrieval of...

  17. DOE News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for reducing the risk to the environment posed by Hanford's 53 million gallons of radioactive and chemical waste stored in 177 underground tanks. "Tank waste retrieval is a...

  18. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

  19. Studies on Sweet Potato Production Methods in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, R. E.

    1945-01-01

    solution made by dissolving four ounces of corrosive sublimate in 30 gallons of water. A stock solution can be conveniently made by placing 4 ounces of the corrosive sublimate in a one-half gallon glass jar, adding just enough hot water to make a paste..., then filling the jar ~~ith hot water while stirring with a wooden paddle. This half gallon of stock solution is then stirred into 30 gallons of water in a non-metal container. After each 10 bushels of potatoes treated add one-half ounce of corrosive...

  20. The Optimal Gas Tax for California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia; Prince, Lea

    2010-01-01

    Fuel Taxes Division. CA Net Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline). http://www.boe.ca.gov /of Federal and State Gasoline Taxes. Economics Letters, 83,

  1. Summary - Tank 48 at the Savannah River Site

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    its contents. It contains approximately 250,000 gallons of salt solution containing Cesium-137 and other radioisotopes which are contaminated with significant quantities of...

  2. Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  3. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  4. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  5. Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  6. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  7. Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    250 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

  8. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  9. Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Year Month...

  10. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  11. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  12. Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  13. Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type (Million Gallons per Day) - Continued Year...

  14. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  15. DOE Selects Five Ethanol Conversion Projects for $23 Million...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of 35 billion gallons of ethanol a year by 2017. Funding for these projects, an integral part of the President's Biofuels Initiative, will enable biorefineries to produce...

  16. FROM: Keith Dennis, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    standards for large (>55 gallon) residential electric storage water heaters used in demand response and thermal energy storage programs (Docket No. EERE-2012-BT-STD-0022). In...

  17. Microsoft PowerPoint - TranspTopics_Sullivan

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    reprocessed, resulting in 600,000 gallons of liquid high- level waste Reprocessing plant shut down for modifications; operations never resumed 1980 WVDP Act signed into law by...

  18. Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 191 Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

  19. Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 191 Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

  20. Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

  1. Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

  2. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Distillate Adj SalesDeliveries to Residential Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","East Coast (PADD 1) Total Distillate Adj SalesDeliveries to Residential Consumers (Thousand...

  3. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Total Distillate SalesDeliveries to Railroad Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","East Coast (PADD 1) Total Distillate SalesDeliveries to Railroad Consumers (Thousand...

  4. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Total Distillate SalesDeliveries to Commercial Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","East Coast (PADD 1) Total Distillate SalesDeliveries to Commercial Consumers (Thousand...

  5. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Distillate SalesDeliveries to Vessel Bunkering Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","East Coast (PADD 1) Total Distillate SalesDeliveries to Vessel Bunkering Consumers (Thousand...

  6. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Total Distillate SalesDeliveries to Military Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","East Coast (PADD 1) Total Distillate SalesDeliveries to Military Consumers (Thousand...

  7. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Total Distillate Adj SalesDeliveries Total to End Users (Thousand Gallons)","East Coast (PADD 1) Total Distillate Adj SalesDeliveries Total to End Users (Thousand...

  8. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Total Distillate SalesDeliveries to Industrial Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","East Coast (PADD 1) Total Distillate SalesDeliveries to Industrial Consumers (Thousand...

  9. ,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4. Fuel Oil Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures" ,"per Building (gallons)","per Square Foot...

  10. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5. Fuel Oil Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption (million gallons)",,,,"Total Floorspace of...

  11. ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4. Fuel Oil Expenditures by Census Region, 1999" ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures (million dollars)",,,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures (dollars)" ,,,,,"per Gallon",,,,"per Square Foot"...

  12. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3. Fuel Oil Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region, 1999" ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption (million gallons)",,,,"Total Floorspace of Buildings Using Fuel Oil...

  13. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5. Fuel Oil Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Fuel Oil Consumption (million gallons) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

  14. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    building. Florida law also requires that all new educational facilities include passive solar design. Florida mandates that schools with hot water demands exceeding 1,000 gallons...

  15. Progress and Accomplishments in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    range of natural gas prices -- a cost that is competitive with gasoline.6 Reduced the cost of producing.00/gallon gasoline equivalent (gge) produced (

  16. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Lane Regional Air Protection...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    home refueling, and reduced maintenance costs. Electricity is cheaper than gasoline to power a vehicle - generally equivalent to about 1 per gallon. The DOE wants to increase...

  17. Microsoft Word - 090723NR200WGW.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and radioactive contaminants. The facility will cover an area about the size of a football field and is expected to treat an estimated 25 billion gallons of groundwater...

  18. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1998 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  19. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Marketing Annual 1999 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  20. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    19 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year Aviation...

  1. Washington State Energy-Efficiency Appliance Rebate Program ...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    residents. Sales of ENERGY STAR clothes washers and dishwashers from the program will save more than 161 million gallons of water per year. Annual energy savings generated from...

  2. Written Statement of David Huizenga Senior Advisor for Environmental...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    known as the Sodium Bearing Waste project) will treat 900,000 gallons of radioactive liquid waste stored in underground tanks at the Idaho National Laboratory. Following the...

  3. Deep-Diving Cetaceans of the Gulf of Mexico : : Acoustic Ecology and Response to Natural and Anthropogenic Forces Including the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merkens, Karlina Paul

    2013-01-01

    toxicity of Macondo crude oil and dispersant Corexit 9500A(210,000,000 US gallons) of crude oil into the Mississippi

  4. Hanford Treats Record Amount of Groundwater

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    September 13, 2011 Hanford Treats Record Amount of Groundwater RICHLAND, Wash. - Workers have treated more than 800 million gallons of groundwater at the Hanford Site so far this...

  5. Measuring and moderating the water resource impact of biofuel production and trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fingerman, Kevin Robert

    2012-01-01

    fracturing,  or  “fracking. ”  In  this  process,  fluids  a  coal  bed  through  fracking  requires  between  50,000  gallons  of  water.  Fracking  to  create  a  well  in  a  

  6. Potential for the Use of Energy Savings Performance Contracts to Reduce Energy Consumption and Provide Energy and Cost Savings in Non-Building Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Charles

    2014-01-01

    cost of modification. With jet fuel prices hovering around $price of $2.50/gallon – significantly lower than the present commercial cost of jet fuel–

  7. Alternative Fuels | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    advanced biofuels to 36 billion gallons by 2022. Public concern over mobile sources of air pollution provides an additional incentive to produce fuels that generate fewer...

  8. Clean Cities: Western Riverside County Clean Cities coalition

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    region of Riverside County. Designated: October 24, 1997 Alternative Fueling Stations: Natural Gas: 5 Electric: 34 Propane: 6 Petroleum and GHG Savings* Total Gallons Saved Total...

  9. DOE/NETL-2010/???? DOE/NETL-341/013113

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    gpm Gallons per minute Hg Mercury HGCU Hot-gas-cleanup unit HP High pressure HRSG Heat recovery steam generator IGCC Integrated gasification combined cycle ISO International...

  10. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users...

  11. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1 Percent Sulfur Greater Than 1 Percent Average...

  12. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Premium All Grades Conventional Oxygenated Reformulated Total Conventional...

  13. Measuring and moderating the water resource impact of biofuel production and trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fingerman, Kevin Robert

    2012-01-01

    world,  use  about  7  million   gallons  of  treated  seawater  per  day  in  the  production  of  about  5  million  barrels  of   crude  oil  (

  14. Can feedstock production for biofuels be sustainable in California?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaffka, Stephen R.

    2009-01-01

    supply of ethanol and biodiesel for transportation. Current1 bil- lion gallons of biodiesel (primarily soy) and anothercellulosic sources Biodiesel Petroleum† et al. 2007). Some

  15. EECBG Success Story: Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Block Grant funding to create space for two 55-gallon processors that will turn cooking oil into biodiesel. Learn more. Addthis Related Articles Downtown Smyrna, Georgia, a town...

  16. Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  17. Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  18. Table A3. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Distillate and Residual...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 441 Table A3. RefinerReseller Prices of Distillate and Residual Fuel Oils, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon...

  19. Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes)...

  20. Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 39. No. 2 Distillate a Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes)...

  1. Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2001 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  2. Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1999 401 Table A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District and State, 1984-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  3. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  4. Prices

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  5. Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2002 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  6. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  7. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  8. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Naphtha- Type Jet Fuel Kerosene- Type Jet Fuel Propane (Consumer Grade) Residual Fuel Oil Sulfur Less...

  9. ZeaChem Pilot Project: High-Yield Hybrid Cellulosic Ethanol Process Using High-Impact Feedstock for Commercialization

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This pilot-scale integrated biorefinery will produce 250,000 gallons per year of cellulosic ethanol when running at full operational status.

  10. DOE Offers Conditional Commitment for a $105 Million Loan Guarantee...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    guarantee to support the development of the nation's first commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol plant. Project LIBERTY, sponsored by POET, LLC, will produce up to 25 million gallons...

  11. Deep Energy Retrofits - Eleven California Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Less, Brennan

    2014-01-01

    coil on ERV DHW Gas tank, 0.58EF 3-4’X6’ Solar thermal panels, 80 gallon insulated storage tank, Gas tankless

  12. Florida Project Produces Nation's First Cellulosic Ethanol at...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    test the latest engineering advancements and accelerate commercial production. The Indian River County BioEnergy Center (Center) will have an annual output of eight million gallons...

  13. Optima Program Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EIA 2014 reference case efficiency 7-14% beyond BAU 16 billion gallons advanced biofuel Optima research thrust 1 Provide scientific basis to develop optimal fuelengine...

  14. Written Statement of James Owendoff Acting Principal Deputy Assistant...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    environmental legacy includes over 90 million gallons of radioactive wastes stored in aging tanks, thousands of tons of spent (used) nuclear fuel (SNF), over ten thousand...

  15. Way to recycle, BES Technologies | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    has reached a major milestone by recycling 1 million gallons of radiological waste water through its laundry operations located at the East Tennessee Technology Park. This...

  16. CNS, Y-12 named DOE mentor of the year | Y-12 National Security...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This summer, BEST was recognized for recycling 1 million gallons of radiological waste water through its laundry operations at the East Tennessee Technology Park. Suppliers...

  17. Moving Forward With Fuel Economy Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2009-01-01

    and $1.85 a gallon. Crude oil prices in early 2009 werethe oil we consume. The price of crude oil in early 1973 was

  18. ACCESS Magazine Spring 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    and $1.85 a gallon. Crude oil prices in early 2009 werethe oil we consume. The price of crude oil in early 1973 was

  19. Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1998 295 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  20. Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1999 295 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  1. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6. Fuel Oil Expenditures by Census Region for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Fuel Oil Expenditures (million dollars) Fuel Oil Expenditures (dollars) per Gallon per Square Foot...

  2. Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 203 Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  3. Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 203 Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  4. Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Marketing Annual 1999 359 Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  5. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Fuel Oil Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption (million gallons)",,,,"Total Floorspace of Buildings...

  6. Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Marketing Annual 1998 359 Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  7. ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Fuel Oil Expenditures by Census Region for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures (million dollars)",,,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures (dollars)" ,,,,,"per Gallon",,,,"per...

  8. SODIUM ALUMINOSILICATE FOULING AND CLEANING OF DECONTAMINATED SALT SOLUTION COALESCERS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poirier, M; Thomas Peters, T; Fernando Fondeur, F; Samuel Fink, S

    2008-10-28

    During initial non-radioactive operations at the Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU), the pressure drop across the decontaminated salt solution coalescer reached {approx}10 psi while processing {approx}1250 gallons of salt solution, indicating possible fouling or plugging of the coalescer. An analysis of the feed solution and the 'plugged coalescer' concluded that the plugging was due to sodium aluminosilicate solids. MCU personnel requested Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to investigate the formation of the sodium aluminosilicate solids (NAS) and the impact of the solids on the decontaminated salt solution coalescer. Researchers performed developmental testing of the cleaning protocols with a bench-scale coalescer container 1-inch long segments of a new coalescer element fouled using simulant solution. In addition, the authors obtained a 'plugged' Decontaminated Salt Solution coalescer from non-radioactive testing in the MCU and cleaned it according to the proposed cleaning procedure. Conclusions from this testing include the following: (1) Testing with the bench-scale coalescer showed an increase in pressure drop from solid particles, but the increase was not as large as observed at MCU. (2) Cleaning the bench-scale coalescer with nitric acid reduced the pressure drop and removed a large amount of solid particles (11 g of bayerite if all aluminum is present in that form or 23 g of sodium aluminosilicate if all silicon is present in that form). (3) Based on analysis of the cleaning solutions from bench-scale test, the 'dirt capacity' of a 40 inch coalescer for the NAS solids tested is calculated as 450-950 grams. (4) Cleaning the full-scale coalescer with nitric acid reduced the pressure drop and removed a large amount of solid particles (60 g of aluminum and 5 g of silicon). (5) Piping holdup in the full-scale coalescer system caused the pH to differ from the target value. Comparable hold-up in the facility could lead to less effective cleaning and precipitation of bayerite solid particles. (6) Based on analysis of the cleaning solutions from the full-scale test, the 'dirt capacity' of a 40 inch coalescer for these NAS solids was calculated to be 40-170 grams.

  9. Determining site-specific drum loading criteria for storing combustible {sup 238}Pu waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshall, R.S.; Callis, E.L.; Cappis, J.H.; Espinoza, J.M.; Foltyn, E.M.; Reich, B.T.; Smith, M.C.

    1994-02-01

    Waste containing hydrogenous-combustible material contaminated with {sup 238}Pu can generate hydrogen gas at appreciable rates through alpha radiolysis. To ensure safe transportation of WIPP drums, the limit for {sup 238}Pu-combustible waste published in the WIPP TRUPACT-11 CONTENT (TRUCON) CODES is 21 milliwafts per 55 gallon drum. This corresponds to about 45 milligrams of {sup 238}PuO{sub 2} used for satellite heat source-electrical generators. The Los Alamos waste storage site adopted a {sup 238}Pu waste storage criteria based on these TRCUCON codes. However, reviews of the content in drums of combustible waste generated during heat source assembly at Los Alamos showed the amount of {sup 238}Pu is typically much greater than 45 milligrams. It is not feasible to appreciably reduce Los Alamos {sup 238}Pu waste drum loadings without significantly increasing waste volumes or introducing unsafe practices. To address this concern, a series of studies were implemented to evaluate the applicability of the TRUCON limits for storage of this specific waste. Addressed in these evaluations were determination of the hydrogen generation rate, hydrogen diffusion rates through confinement layers and vent filters, and packaging requirements specific to Los Alamos generated {sup 238}Pu contaminated combustible waste. These studies also showed that the multiple-layer packaging practices in use at Los Alamos could be relaxed without significantly increasing the risk of contamination. Based on a model developed to predict H{sub 2} concentrations in packages and drum headspace, the site specific effective hydrogen generation rate, and hydrogen-diffusion values, and revising the waste packaging practices, we were able to raise the safe loading limit for {sup 238}Pu waste drums for on site storage to the gram levels typical of currently generated {sup 238}Pu waste.

  10. Optical 2-D Scanning System for Laser - Generated Shockwave Treatment of Wound Infections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Shahzad Neville

    2013-01-01

    2001). Antibiotic resistance of bacteria in biofilms. TheD. L. (2006). Resistance in gram-negative bacteria:Antimicrobial Resistance in Gram-Positive Bacteria. The

  11. Molecular genetic analysis of bacterial antimicrobial peptide resistance phenotypes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pence, Morgan A.

    2012-01-01

    of AMP resistance mechanisms in bacteria with pathogenicresistance mechanism among Gram-positive and Gram- negative bacteriabacteria demonstrated comparable survival in human serum and whole blood, resistance

  12. Laser-Generated Shockwaves for the Disruption of Bacterial Biofilms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navarro, Artemio

    2013-01-01

    Costerton, “Antibiotic resistance of bacteria in biofilms,”28] D. L. Paterson, “Resistance in gram-negative bacteria:Antimicrobial resistance in gram-positive bacteria. ,” Am J

  13. Model Combination for Machine Translation John DeNero, Shankar Kumar, Ciprian Chelba, and Franz Och

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    predictions through n-gram posteriors (Tromble et al., 2008; Kumar et al., 2009) or expected n-gram counts (De

  14. Energy, water and process technologies integration for the simultaneous production of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    the yields, reduce the consumption of utilities in the production process, while using a raw material1 Energy, water and process technologies integration for the simultaneous production of ethanol only 18 MW of energy, 51 MW of cooling and 2 gal/gal of freshwater, for an ethanol production cost of 1

  15. Apellido y Nombre: Codigo: Examen de Practica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morin, Pedro

    = 100 gal y V2 = 200 gal de salmuera. Cada tanque contiene 50 lb de sal. Los tres flujos (de entrada al el tipo, estabili- dad y graficar algunas trayectorias. x = 4x - 5y + 3 y = 5x - 4y + 6 (7) (15

  16. Myoblast cytonemes mediate Wg signaling from the wing imaginal disc and Delta-Notch signaling to the air sac primordium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, H; Kornberg, TB

    2015-01-01

    otherwise stated. btl-Gal4, btl-LHG, lexO-CD2-GFP, and UAS-in the trachea (with btl-LHG lexO-mCherry:CAAX, a tracheal-Genotype: 1151-Gal4/+;btl-LHG/+;UAS-CD8GFP/lexO-mCherry-

  17. Bioenergy and Bioproducts BIOENERGY PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for commercialization potential· Germplasm for commercial production· Minimum production cut off of 100 gal/oil/acre annually (current oil production· yields range from 35 to 50 gal/acre using conventional oilseeds .) Sustainable production agronomics· Machine systems for mechanical harvest· Cost-effective oil extraction

  18. Bull Volcanol (2006) 68: 420431 DOI 10.1007/s00445-005-0018-5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams-Jones, Glyn

    2006-01-01

    is shown, using the measured free air gradient, to be -85 µGal for the first and -100 µGal for the second period. After consider- ation of the effects of water extraction by the geothermal power station within completely with lavas and ash (Brandsd´ottir et al. 1997). Two geothermal areas, Krafla and N´amafjall (Fig

  19. Processing Plan for Potentially Reactive/Ignitable Remote Handled Transuranic Waste at the Idaho Cleanup Project - 12090

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Troescher, Patrick D.; Hobbes, Tammy L.; Anderson, Scott A.

    2012-07-01

    Remote Handle Transuranic (RH-TRU) Waste generated at Argonne National Laboratory - East, from the examination of irradiated and un-irradiated fuel pins and other reactor materials requires a detailed processing plan to ensure reactive/ignitable material is absent to meet WIPP Waste Acceptance Criteria prior to shipping and disposal. The Idaho Cleanup Project (ICP) approach to repackaging Lot 2 waste and how we ensure prohibited materials are not present in waste intended for disposal at Waste Isolation Pilot Plant 'WIPP' uses an Argon Repackaging Station (ARS), which provides an inert gas blanket. Opening of the Lot 2 containers under an argon gas blanket is proposed to be completed in the ARS. The ARS is an interim transition repackaging station that provides a mitigation technique to reduce the chances of a reoccurrence of a thermal event prior to rendering the waste 'Safe'. The consequences, should another thermal event be encountered, (which is likely) is to package the waste, apply the reactive and or ignitable codes to the container, and store until the future treatment permit and process are available. This is the same disposition that the two earlier containers in the 'Thermal Events' were assigned. By performing the initial handling under an inert gas blanket, the waste can sorted and segregate the fines and add the Met-L-X to minimize risk before it is exposed to air. The 1-gal cans that are inside the ANL-E canister will be removed and each can is moved to the ARS for repackaging. In the ARS, the 1-gal can is opened in the inerted environment. The contained waste is sorted, weighed, and visually examined for non compliant items such as unvented aerosol cans and liquids. The contents of the paint cans are transferred into a sieve and manipulated to allow the fines, if any, to be separated into the tray below. The fines are weighed and then blended with a minimum 5:1 mix of Met-L-X. Other debris materials found are segregated from the cans into containers for later packaging. Recoverable fissile waste material (Fuel and fuel-like pieces) suspected of containing sodium bonded pieces) are segregated and will remain in the sieve or transferred to a similar immersion basket in the ARS. The fuel like pieces will be placed into a container with sufficient water to cover the recoverable fissile waste. If a 'reactive characteristic' is present the operator will be able to observe the formation of 'violent' hydrogen gas bubbles. When sodium bonded fuel-like pieces are placed in water the expected reaction is a non-violent reaction that does not meet the definition of reactivity. It is expected that there will be a visible small stream of bubbles present if there is any sodium-bonded fuel-like piece placed in the water. The test will be completed when there is no reaction or the expected reaction is observed..At that point, the fuel like pieces complete the processing cycle in preparation for characterization and shipment to WIPP. If a violent reaction occurs, the fuel-like pieces will be removed from the water, split into the required fissile material content, placed into a screened basket in a 1 gallon drum and drummed out of the hot cell with appropriate RCRA codes applied and placed into storage until sodium treatment is available. These 'violent' reactions will be evidenced by gas bubbles being evolved at the specimen surface where sodium metal is present. The operators will be trained to determine if the reaction is 'violent' or 'mild'. If a 'violent' reaction occurs, the sieve will be immediately removed from the water, placed in a 1 gallon paint can, canned in the argon cover gas and removed from the hot cell to await a future treatment. If the reaction is 'mild', the sieve will then be removed from the water; the material weighed for final packaging and allowed to dry by air exposure. Lot 2 waste cans can be opened, sorted, processed, and weighed while mitigating the potential of thermal events that could occur prior to exposing to air. Exposure to air is a WIPP compliance step demonstrating the absence of react

  20. Federal Gov Monthly state fuel tax examples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taxes $10 Federal Fuel Taxes $9 Light-duty Truck Passenger Vehicle $0 $50 $100 $150 $200 $250 California 18.5 miles per gallon 1,000 miles driven per month $10.81 2012 Ford F-150 Truck 23.5 miles per gallon

  1. WSU's conservation program is primarily driven by the desire to minimize impacts on water resources, namely the regional aquifer, and to meet regulatory requirements. The official goal is to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Consumption (AC) ­ Annual Volume 491,735,000Total Water Produced and Purchased (TP) ­ Annual Volume was commissioned in April 2009. The construction of this facility utilizes water filtration and chemical treatment period listed above, WSU total water produced was 491.7 million gallons which is 70.25 million gallons

  2. Turbulence and Transport The Secrets of Magnetic Confinement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenwald, Martin

    better analogy for fusion energy: Heating a building E Total stored energy Joules Heating rate WattsTurbulence and Transport The Secrets of Magnetic Confinement Martin Greenwald - MIT Plasma Science: (sec) ( ) ( / sec) Volume of water gallons Source rate gallons #12;ENERGY CONFINEMENT A slightly

  3. Virtual Special Issue Gulf of Mexico Modelling Lessons from the spill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fringer, Oliver B.

    unstructured meshes were tested, a triangular mesh that under-resolved the shipping channel, a triangular mesh, such as the shipping channel, are resolved. It was necessary to increase the seabed drag roughness in the mixed of 400,000 gallons (Lester and Gonzalez, 2011). In March 2014, 168,000 gallons of heavy bunker fuel

  4. Protecting Lives and Livelihoods NOAA Business Report 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and channels were free of obstructions to allow ship traffic to re- sume service to these areas. NOAA also an estimated 419,000 gallons of No. 6 fuel oil spilled in the Mississippi River, just north of New Orleans active aiding in responding to the spill of an estimated 58,000 gallons of intermediate fuel oil, which

  5. ATOC 3500/CHEM 3151 Spring 2014 Which is more fuel efficient, a Mercedes E250 or a Prius?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    pollutants like carbon monoxide. We really need to account for the even lighter weight of 90%/10% gasoline, which traveled 410 miles on 71 lbs of diesel Assuming that the amount of chemical energy from combustion by combustion of a gallon of gasoline and a gallon of diesel. On the basis of CO2 emissions, which vehicle

  6. Cryogenics for Pulsed Solenoid Magnet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    a) Equipment i) 14 k gallon LH2 Dewar (140 psig) ii) 5.88 k gallon LN2 Dewar (65 psig) iii) PSM PSM ST Mode 1, 2 Outside Inside 21 September 6, 2002 ACT #12;LH2 HE PSM Mode 5 Outside Inside GHe BT design vacuum (inner/outer shell) and foam (ends, shell outer) insulation. 5). Structural detail of PSM

  7. 23 September 2014 SENT TO LSU AGCENTER/LOUISIANA FOREST PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT CENTER -FOREST SECTOR / FORESTY PRODUCTS INTEREST GROUP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , for cellulosic biofuel produced through 2015. The $1.00 per gallon tax credit for biodiesel and renewable diesel for small agri-biodiesel producers. In addition, the $1.00 per gallon tax credit for diesel fuel created of the production tax credit. The credit applies to several types of renewable energy projects, including wind

  8. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Oportunities for the Concrete Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kermeli, Katerina

    2013-01-01

    diesel, the predominant fuel in ready mixed concrete production and delivery, has experienced rapid pricediesel price of $2.89 per gallon, gasoline price of $2.81 per gallon, fuel oil priceprices; which can result in significant uncertainties. The 2007 fuel use in concrete trucks, mainly diesel,

  9. Transportation Network Modeling in Passenger Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniels, Thomas E.

    , Cars (hybrid and gasoline) ­ Trains (electric and diesel) ­ Barges ­ Planes · Decision Variables - Modeled (infrastructure not taken into account) VDxxGasoline car Hybrid car GD M$/M gallon M gallon Infrastructure Demand Decision Variables Status - Personal vehicles Cars/ Gasoline & electricity Highway

  10. Attachment E TIPS FOR REPORTING COMPLIANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    /MONTH · Record the Total the number of Passengers for the Month (this does not include the driver) FUEL/FLUID TYPES · Record the Fuel Type and Price Per Gallon on the corresponding date line · Record the Total Fuel Quantity (total gallons, including tenths, of fuel purchased) · Record the Total Fuel Cost (total the cost

  11. TIPS FOR REPORTING COMPLIANCE Attachment E

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yuanlin

    /MONTH Record the Total Number of Passengers for the Month (this does not include the driver). FUEL/FLUID TYPES Record the Fuel Type and Price per Gallon on the corresponding date line. Record the Total Fuel Quantity (total gallons including tenths of fuel purchased). Record the Total Fuel Cost (total cost of the fuel

  12. U.S. Ethanol Policy: The Unintended

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meagher, Mary

    petroleum and to cut greenhouse gas emissions. A new blend of ethanol and conventional gasoline was to cost- tive, the current blend of E10 (or 10% ethanol) gasoline offers pros and cons. The btu efficiency of a gallon of ethanol is about 40% less than a gallon of conventional gasoline. So, an E10 blend requires 4

  13. Impacts of Biofuel Produc3on on Minnesota Agricultural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Wall 13.5 Billion Gallons of Ethanol 8 #12;The Blend Wall · The US gasoline'S TOPICS 2 · Ethanol In Minnesota and the US · The Blend Wall, Renewable in 2012 · There are ethanol plants in 28 states · The $.45 a gallon blending

  14. Posted: 6:00 a.m. Wednesday, June 20, 2012 Fourth of July travelers expected to stretch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belogay, Eugene A.

    Wednesday, Thursday and Friday off. Some people will take the whole week off." Declining gasoline prices a gallon for gas than they did a year ago. In Palm Beach County, the average price for a gallon of regular gasoline Tuesday was $3.46. Auto trips are expected to increase 4 percent over last year, accounting for 84

  15. Zachry Engineering - 27 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2005-06-30

    from 4.0 gallons to 1.6 gallons and modifying the rinse ring holes. TDC5 is intended for use within the Texas prison system only and does not satisfy the performance requirements of the ASME Standard at the specified operating pressure of 35 psi static...

  16. Effect of SoyEffect of Soy--Based B20 Biodiesel on Fuel UseBased B20 Biodiesel on Fuel Use and Emissions of 15 Construction Vehiclesand Emissions of 15 Construction Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, H. Christopher

    Normalized Manifold Absolute Pressure PM(g/gallon) PD B20 Average Fuel-Based NOx Emission Factors for Motor 1b 2 3 Average NOasNO2(g/gallon) Resurfacing Roading Shouldering Average Fuel-Based NOx Emission and Emissions of 15 Construction Vehiclesand Emissions of 15 Construction Vehicles Based on InBased on In

  17. Spot-spraying Johnsongrass. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rea, H. E.

    1958-01-01

    -56, hack off the stems and treat 8-inch stubs of grass in the bloom stage. Use 3 gallons of HCA (90 percent hexachloroace- tone) in 100 gallons of kerosene or other suitable oils for combined contact and residual effectiveness in con- trolling...

  18. Problems #2, Math 5737/Econ 5337. Sep 3, 2014. Due Sep 10, 1 pm. 6. Suppose the Fi in Ex. 2.2 are given as 140, 137, 131, 129, 135, 145,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohner, Martin

    expects to purchase 2 million gallons of jet fuel in one month and decides to use heating oil futures of the changes in fuel price and in the futures price (per gallon) are $0.65 and $0.81, respectively is for the delivery of 15,000 pounds. The current futures price is 160 cents per pound, the initial margin is $6

  19. Fact #858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest Decline since 2008

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In the second half of 2014, the national average retail price per gallon of gasoline (all grades) fell from a high of $3.77 in June to a low of $2.63 in December – a difference of $1.14 per gallon....

  20. Office of Environment, Health and Safety (EH&S) -Sanitary Sewer Overflow Incident Form (rev. 12/2014) STEP 1 Immediately call EH&S at (510) 642-3073 with the following details of the incident

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    Office of Environment, Health and Safety (EH&S) - Sanitary Sewer Overflow Incident Form (rev. 12 a drainage channel that flows to a surface water body gallons Estimated spill volume recovered from a drainage channel that flows to a surface water body gallons Estimated spill volume discharged directly

  1. ETHANOL FROM CORN: CLEAN RENEWABLE FUEL FOR THE FUTURE, OR DRAIN ON OUR RESOURCES AND POCKETS?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    by agricultural and chemical companies for many reasons. However, ethanol does not mix well with gasoline that one burns 1 gallon of gasoline equivalent in fossil fuels to pro- duce 1 gallon of gasoline equivalent as ethanol from corn. When this corn ethanol is burned as a gasoline additive or fuel, its use amounts

  2. Repackaging of High Fissile TRU Waste at the Transuranic Waste Processing Center - 13240

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oakley, Brian; Heacker, Fred; McMillan, Bill

    2013-07-01

    Twenty-six drums of high fissile transuranic (TRU) waste from Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) operations were declared waste in the mid-1980's and placed in storage with the legacy TRU waste inventory for future treatment and disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). Repackaging and treatment of the waste at the TRU Waste Packaging Center (TWPC) will require the installation of additional equipment and capabilities to address the hazards for handling and repackaging the waste compared to typical Contact Handled (CH) TRU waste that is processed at the TWPC, including potential hydrogen accumulation in legacy 6M/2R packaging configurations, potential presence of reactive plutonium hydrides, and significant low energy gamma radiation dose rates. All of the waste is anticipated to be repackaged at the TWPC and certified for disposal at WIPP. The waste is currently packaged in multiple layers of containers which presents additional challenges for repackaging activities due to the potential for the accumulation of hydrogen gas in the container headspace in quantities than could exceed the Lower Flammability Limit (LFL). The outer container for each waste package is a stainless steel 0.21 m{sup 3} (55-gal) drum which contains either a 0.04 m{sup 3} or 0.06 m{sup 3} (10-gal or 15-gal) 6M drum. The inner 2R container in each 6M drum is ?12 cm (5 in) outside diameter x 30-36 cm (12-14 in) long and is considered to be a > 4 liter sealed container relative to TRU waste packaging criteria. Inside the 2R containers are multiple configurations of food pack cans, pipe nipples, and welded capsules. The waste contains significant quantities of high burn-up plutonium oxides and metals with a heavy weight percentage of higher atomic mass isotopes and the subsequent in-growth of significant quantities of americium. Significant low energy gamma radiation is expected to be present due to the americium in-growth. Radiation dose rates on inner containers are estimated to be 1-3 mSv/hr (100-300 mrem/hr) with an unshielded dose rate on the waste itself of over 10 mSv/hr (1 rem/hr). Additional equipment to be installed at the TWPC will include a new perma-con enclosure and a shielded/inert glovebox in the process building to repackage and stabilize the waste. All of the waste will be repackaged into Standard Pipe Overpacks. Most of the waste (21 of the 26 drums) is expected to be repackaged at the food-pack can level (i.e. the food-pack cans will not be opened). Five of the incoming waste containers are expected to be repackaged at the primary waste level. Three of the containers exceed the 200 gram Pu-239 Fissile Gram Equivalent (FGE) limit for the Standard Pipe Overpack. These three containers will be repackaged down to the primary waste level and divided into eight Standard Pipe Overpacks for shipment to WIPP. Two containers must be stabilized to eliminate any reactive plutonium hydrides that may be present. These containers will be opened in the inert, shielded glovebox, and the remaining corroded plutonium metal converted to a stable oxide form by using a 600 deg. C tube furnace with controlled oxygen feed in a helium carrier gas. The stabilized waste will then be packaged into two Standard Pipe Overpacks. Design and build out activities for the additional repackaging capabilities at the TWPC are scheduled to begin in Fiscal Year 2013 with repackaging, stabilization, and certification activities scheduled to begin in Fiscal Year 2014. Following repackaging and stabilization activities, the Standard Pipe Overpacks will be certified for disposal at WIPP utilizing Non-Destructive Examination (NDE) to verify the absence of prohibited items and Non-Destructive Assay (NDA) to verify the isotopic content under the TWPC WIPP certification program implemented by the Central Characterization Project (CCP). (authors)

  3. Development of a Small-Scale Natural Gas Liquefier. Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kountz, K.; Kriha, K.; Liss, W.; Perry, M.; Richards, M.; Zuckerman, D.

    2003-04-30

    This final report describes the progress during the contract period March 1, 1998 through April 30, 2003, on the design, development, and testing of a novel mixed-refrigerant-based 1000 gal/day natural gas liquefier, together with the associated gas cleanup equipment. Based on the work, it is concluded that a cost-effective 1000 gal/day liquefaction system is technically and economically feasible. A unit based on the same developed technology, with 5000 gal/day capacity, would have much improved economics.

  4. The Energy-Water Nexus: Implications for Energy Efficiency 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muller, M. R.; Gardiner, J.; Muller, M. B.; Shrestha, D.

    2014-01-01

    Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Demographics don’t help • Lots of rain probably means cheap water • Consequently, in terms of roof area, the available annual rainfall would be: • Eastern states = 15 - 25 gallons per square foot • Central states... = 10 - 20 gallons per square foot • Western states = 5 - 15 gallons per square foot • Commercial multistory buildings are bad – height and limited roof space – More pumping requirements . ESL-IE-14-05-21 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial...

  5. MA 111 Review for Exam 2 Exam 2 (given in class on Tuesday, March 2) will cover numbers and quantities, percent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Carl

    of an index for the cost of a gallon of fuel oil. Fill in the missing numbers. 2 #12;Year Cost of gallon of oil Cost-of-Oil Index 2006 2.418 2007 18.88 2008 26.60 2009 2.509 20.00 2010 2.967 Year Cost of gallon of oil Cost-of-Oil Index 2006 2.418 19.27 2007 2.368 18.88 2008 3.337 26.60 2009 2.509 20.00 2010 2

  6. Neutron multiplication error in TRU waste measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veilleux, John [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stanfield, Sean B [CCP; Wachter, Joe [CCP; Ceo, Bob [CCP

    2009-01-01

    Total Measurement Uncertainty (TMU) in neutron assays of transuranic waste (TRU) are comprised of several components including counting statistics, matrix and source distribution, calibration inaccuracy, background effects, and neutron multiplication error. While a minor component for low plutonium masses, neutron multiplication error is often the major contributor to the TMU for items containing more than 140 g of weapons grade plutonium. Neutron multiplication arises when neutrons from spontaneous fission and other nuclear events induce fissions in other fissile isotopes in the waste, thereby multiplying the overall coincidence neutron response in passive neutron measurements. Since passive neutron counters cannot differentiate between spontaneous and induced fission neutrons, multiplication can lead to positive bias in the measurements. Although neutron multiplication can only result in a positive bias, it has, for the purpose of mathematical simplicity, generally been treated as an error that can lead to either a positive or negative result in the TMU. While the factors that contribute to neutron multiplication include the total mass of fissile nuclides, the presence of moderating material in the matrix, the concentration and geometry of the fissile sources, and other factors; measurement uncertainty is generally determined as a function of the fissile mass in most TMU software calculations because this is the only quantity determined by the passive neutron measurement. Neutron multiplication error has a particularly pernicious consequence for TRU waste analysis because the measured Fissile Gram Equivalent (FGE) plus twice the TMU error must be less than 200 for TRU waste packaged in 55-gal drums and less than 325 for boxed waste. For this reason, large errors due to neutron multiplication can lead to increased rejections of TRU waste containers. This report will attempt to better define the error term due to neutron multiplication and arrive at values that are more realistic and accurate. To do so, measurements of standards and waste drums were performed with High Efficiency Neutron Counters (HENC) located at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The data were analyzed for multiplication effects and new estimates of the multiplication error were computed. A concluding section will present alternatives for reducing the number of rejections of TRU waste containers due to neutron multiplication error.

  7. Microsoft Word - RPP-PLAN-47559 Rev 0.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pipelines in Waste Management Area C (2 sheets) Date Waste Type a Waste Discharged (gal) Event Description References b 5-1966 PUREX CWP2 No estimate "A leak in the PUREX coating...

  8. Novel Regenerated Solvent Extraction Processes for the Recovery of Carboxylic Acids or Ammonia from Aqueous Solutions Part II. Recovery of Ammonia from Sour Waters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poole, L.J.

    2008-01-01

    $/1000 gal water) COMBINED STRIPPING/EXTRACTION a Sour Waterthe pH of the sour water leaving an extraction stage is notpH of the sour water leaving an extraction stage is assumed

  9. Novel Composite Materials Demonstrate Ultra-sensitivity

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    W.; Underwood, M. Kylee; Lewis, James P. et al. January 19, 2012. Synthesis, Characterization, Electronic Structure, and Photocatalytic Behavior of CuGa02 and CuGal-xFex02...

  10. Gravity monitoring of CO2 movement during sequestration: Model studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gasperikova, E.

    2008-01-01

    right. Figure 14: Surface gravity response (?Gal) for theAbsolute and relative gravity integration for high precision2003, Seafloor Micro-gravity Survey of the Sleipner CO 2

  11. SEPARATION OF HEAVY METALS: REMOVAL FROM INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATERS

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    for the high pressure pump and transfer pump, and replacement of the cartridge filter and RO membrane elements) ranged from 0.75 to 2.001,000 gal of feed water...

  12. Cost and Performance Comparison Baseline for Fossil Energy Power...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    23 Filtered Water Tank Vertical, cylindrical 1,919,204 liter (507,000 gal) 1 0 24 Makeup Water Demineralizer Multi-media filter, cartridge filter, RO membrane assembly,...

  13. Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    23 Filtered Water Tank Vertical, cylindrical 1,839,000 liter (486,000 gal) 1 0 24 Makeup Water Demineralizer Multi-media filter, cartridge filter, RO membrane assembly,...

  14. Improved photoluminescence of InGaAsN,,In...GaAsP quantum well by organometallic vapor phase epitaxy using growth pause annealing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    for Photonics, Department of Electrical Computer Engineering, University of Wisconsin­Madison, 1415 Engineering are the hydride sources of AsH3 and PH3 . The trimethyl precursors of gal- lium Ga , aluminum Al , and indium

  15. High quality metamorphic graded buffers with lattice-constants intermediate to GaAs an InP for device applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Kenneth Eng Kian

    2009-01-01

    We have investigated the use of a continuous, linear grading scheme for compositionally-graded metamorphic InxGal-As buffers on GaAs, which can be used as virtual substrates for optical emitters operating at wavelengths > ...

  16. QUIZ 2 (IN 10 MINUTES.) (1) Find the equation of integral curves of ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-27

    QUIZ 2 (IN 10 MINUTES.) (1) Find the equation of integral curves of dy dx. = x2 x2 + y2. + y x . (6 points). (2) A tank originally contains 200 gal of water with 100 ...

  17. Chapter 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tank T2 initially contains 100 gal of water in which. 150 lb of salt are dissolved. ... Find and plot the salt contents y1(t) and y2(t) in T1 and. B, respectively.

  18. Landscaping Drought-resistant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    needed, reducing energy loads and internal heat gain. Sunshades and Lightshelves Sunshades shield in an insulated 12,000 gal. tank and pumped through the building during the day. This system supplies chilled

  19. Confirmed: Stellar Behemoth Self-Destructs in Type IIb Supernova

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in a violent explosion known as a Type IIb supernova. Using the iPTF pipeline, researchers at Israel's Weizmann Institute of Science led by Avishay Gal-Yam caught...

  20. ENN http://ehs.stanford.edu/aboutus/news.htmlEH&S News & Notes Edition: December 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    time in the Bay Area, it is now ille- gal to burn wood, pellets or manufactured fire ENVIRONMENTAL- tions. http://trainingadvisor.stanford.edu WOOD BURNING FIREPLACES Environmental Programs For the first

  1. Gustatory Perception of Sugars in Drosophila melanogaster Larvae 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broussard, Alex 1991-

    2012-04-26

    ’ in learning assays, though the neurons and genes involved in larval sugar sensation are not fully known. Analysis of transgenic D. melanogaster larvae coexpressing GAL4 promoter constructs with UAS-GFP confirmed the expression of one putative sugar gustatory...

  2. is = (y/x) —~ 4; (ii)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assume that water containing 5 lb of salt/gal is entering the tank at a rate of ...... an electron by studying the motion of tiny droplets of oil falling in an electric ?eld.

  3. A role for transcriptional regulator Id2 in natural killer T cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monticelli, Laurel Anne

    2008-01-01

    in providing the CD1d tetramer and advice on the NKT cellbe identified using CD1d tetramers loaded with ?GalCer. NKT+ TCR? - NK cells, and CD1d tetramer + NK1.1 + TCR? + mature

  4. 2015 Soil Testing Form Corn, Forage, Pasture & Hay Instructions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    __________ tons/acre gal/acre Wood ash applied? ________ Yes ________ No 2. Time until manure will be incorporated/acre Wood ash applied? ________ Yes ________ No Corn yield goals 15 to 18(90 ­ 108 BU) 18 to 22 (108 ­ 132

  5. Molecular Evolution of Lepidopteran Silk Proteins: Insights from the Ghost Moth, Hepialus californicus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collin, Matthew A.; Mita, Kazuei; Sehnal, Frantisek; Hayashi, Cheryl Y.

    2010-01-01

    Yponomeuta evonymellus (Ypo evo; AB195979), HepialusDen spe Pap xut Gal mel Ypo evo Hep cal Hyd ang Lim dec RhyYponomeuta evonymellus (Ypo evo; AB195977), Hepialus

  6. Chapter 3 x Integral Relations for a Control Volume 255 2 2 2 2 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    .124 A rotating dishwasher arm delivers at 60qC to six nozzles, as in Fig. P3.124. The total flow rate is 3.0 gal

  7. Tank Mania!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-02-08

    (4) In an oil refinery, a storage tank contains 2000 gal of gasoline that initially has 100 lb of additive dissolved in it. In preparation for winter weather, gasoline ...

  8. Indoor Air Quality in 24 California Residences Designed as High Performance Green Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Less, Brennan

    2012-01-01

    a 3,785 L (1,000 gal) solar storage tank to supply spacestorage tanks serve as solar storage, pre-heat, buffer andthe incorporation of solar energy demands storage MS Thesis,

  9. Trust During an Energy Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Eric R.A.N.; Carlisle, Juliet; Michaud, Kristy

    2003-01-01

    the oil companies were manipulating gasoline prices. Weshortage of gasoline and fuel oil and the big companies areBarrel Gal. of Gasoline Figure 2. Oil Company Profits and

  10. IMPACT OF BOUNDARY-LAYER CUTTING ON FREE-SURFACE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;5 Flow Loop A Pump H 400 gal tank B Bypass line I Butterfly valve C Flow meter J 700 gal tank D Pressure) "Standard design" · Contracting nozzle Contraction ratio = 3x y z HC PP FS 3.9 cm 3.0 cm 14.7 cm #12 of inclination, = 6.5° · Samples acquired over 0.5 ­ 1 hr · Collected mass used to calculate: Mass flux, G [kg

  11. Chemical Weed and Brush Control: Suggestions for Rangeland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGinty, Allan; Ansley, Jim; Cadenhead, J. F.; Hamilton, Wayne T.; Hanselka, C. Wayne; Hart, Charles R.; Ueckert, Darrell

    2005-04-25

    Power Pellet 2 lbs ./gal . (Velpar l) 75% (Pronone Power Pellet) imazapyr 2-[4,5-dihydro-4-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-5-oxo-1h-imidazol-2-yl]-3- pyridinecarboxylic acid arsenal, habitat 2 lbs ./gal . metsulfuron methyl methyl 2-[[[[(4-methoxy-6-methyl-1... on heavy clay or caliche soils . Pronone Power Pellet Vh 1 pellet/plant Berlander lobelia, bitter sneezeweed, broomweed (annual or common), buffalobur, camphorweed, cocklebur, croton, horehound, marshelder (sumpweed, sulfaweed), plantain...

  12. Revised FINAL–REPORT NO. 2: INDEPENDENT CONFIRMATORY SURVEY SUMMARY AND RESULTS FOR THE ENRICO FERMI ATOMIC POWER PLANT, UNIT 1, NEWPORT, MICHIGAN (DOCKET NO. 50 16; RFTA 10-004) 2018-SR-02-1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erika Bailey

    2011-10-27

    The Enrico Fermi Atomic Power Plant, Unit 1 (Fermi 1) was a fast breeder reactor design that was cooled by sodium and operated at essentially atmospheric pressure. On May 10, 1963, the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) granted an operating license, DPR-9, to the Power Reactor Development Company (PRDC), a consortium specifically formed to own and operate a nuclear reactor at the Fermi 1 site. The reactor was designed for a maximum capability of 430 megawatts (MW); however, the maximum reactor power with the first core loading (Core A) was 200 MW. The primary system was filled with sodium in December 1960 and criticality was achieved in August 1963. The reactor was tested at low power during the first couple years of operation. Power ascension testing above 1 MW commenced in December 1965 immediately following the receipt of a high-power operating license. In October 1966 during power ascension, zirconium plates at the bottom of the reactor vessel became loose and blocked sodium coolant flow to some fuel subassemblies. Two subassemblies started to melt and the reactor was manually shut down. No abnormal releases to the environment occurred. Forty-two months later after the cause had been determined, cleanup completed, and the fuel replaced, Fermi 1 was restarted. However, in November 1972, PRDC made the decision to decommission Fermi 1 as the core was approaching its burn-up limit. The fuel and blanket subassemblies were shipped off-site in 1973. Following that, the secondary sodium system was drained and sent off-site. The radioactive primary sodium was stored on-site in storage tanks and 55 gallon (gal) drums until it was shipped off-site in 1984. The initial decommissioning of Fermi 1 was completed in 1975. Effective January 23, 1976, DPR-9 was transferred to the Detroit Edison Company (DTE) as a 'possession only' license (DTE 2010a). This report details the confirmatory activities performed during the second Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) site visit to Fermi 1 in November 2010. The survey was strategically planned during a Unit 2 (Fermi 2) outage to take advantage of decreased radiation levels that were observed and attributed to Fermi 2 from the operating unit during the first site visit. However, during the second visit there were elevated radiation levels observed and attributed to the partially dismantled Fermi 1 reactor vessel and a waste storage box located on the 3rd floor of the Fermi 1 Turbine Building. Confirmatory surveys (unshielded) performed directly in the line of sight of these areas were affected. The objective of the confirmatory survey was to verify that the final radiological conditions were accurately and adequately described in Final Status Survey (FSS) documentation, relative to the established release criteria. This objective was achieved by performing document reviews, as well as independent measurements and sampling. Specifically, documentation of the planning, implementation, and results of the FSS were evaluated; side-by-side FSS measurement and source comparisons were performed; site areas were evaluated relative to appropriate FSS classification; and areas were assessed for residual, undocumented contamination.

  13. Novel Americium Treatment Process for Surface Water and Dust Suppression Water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tiepel, E.W.; Pigeon, P.; Nesta, S.; Anderson, J.

    2006-07-01

    The Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS), a former nuclear weapons production plant, has been remediated under CERCLA and decommissioned to become a National Wildlife Refuge. The site conducted this cleanup effort under the Rocky Flats Cleanup Agreement (RFCA) that established limits for the discharge of surface and process waters from the site. At the end of 2004, while a number of process buildings were undergoing decommissioning, routine monitoring of a discharge pond (Pond A-4) containing approximately 28 million gallons of water was discovered to have been contaminated with a trace amount of Americium-241 (Am-241). While the amount of Am-241 in the pond waters was very low (0.5 - 0.7 pCi/l), it was above the established Colorado stream standard of 0.15 pCi/l for release to off site drainage waters. The rapid successful treatment of these waters to the regulatory limit was important to the site for two reasons. The first was that the pond was approaching its hold-up limit. Without rapid treatment and release of the Pond A-4 water, typical spring run-off would require water management actions to other drainages onsite or a mass shuttling of water for disposal. The second reason was that this type of contaminated water had not been treated to the stringent stream standard at Rocky Flats before. Technical challenges in treatment could translate to impacts on water and secondary waste management, and ultimately, cost impacts. All of the technical challenges and specific site criteria led to the conclusion that a different approach to the treatment of this problem was necessary and a crash treatability program to identify applicable treatment techniques was undertaken. The goal of this program was to develop treatment options that could be implemented very quickly and would result in the generation of no high volume secondary waste that would be costly to dispose. A novel chemical treatment system was developed and implemented at the RFETS to treat Am-241 contaminated pond water, surface run-off and D and D dust suppression water during the later stages of the D and D effort at Rocky Flats. This novel chemical treatment system allowed for highly efficient, high-volume treatment of all contaminated waste waters to the very low stream standard of 0.15 pCi/1 with strict compliance to the RFCA discharge criteria for release to off-site surface waters. The rapid development and implementation of the treatment system avoided water management issues that would have had to be addressed if contaminated water had remained in Pond A-4 into the Spring of 2005. Implementation of this treatment system for the Pond A-4 waters and the D and D waters from Buildings 776 and 371 enabled the site to achieve cost-effective treatment that minimized secondary waste generation, avoiding the need for expensive off-site water disposal. Water treatment was conducted for a cost of less than $0.20/gal which included all development costs, capital costs and operational costs. This innovative and rapid response effort saved the RFETS cleanup program well in excess of $30 million for the potential cost of off-site transportation and treatment of radioactive liquid waste. (authors)

  14. Algae as a Feedstock for Biofuels: An Assessment of the State of Technology and Opportunities. Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sikes, K.; McGill, R.; Van Walwijk, M.

    2011-05-15

    The pursuit of a stable, economically-sound, and environmentally-friendly source of transportation fuel has led to extensive research and development (R&D) efforts focused on the conversion of various feedstocks into biofuels. Some feedstocks, such as sugar cane, corn and woody biomass, are targeted because their structures can be broken down into sugars and fermented into alcohols. Other feedstocks, such as vegetable oils, are appealing because they contain considerable amounts of lipids, which can be extracted and converted into biodiesel or other fuels. While significant R&D and commercial strides have been made with each of these feedstocks, technical and market barriers (e.g., cost, scalability, infrastructure requirements, and 'food vs. fuel' debates) currently limit the penetration of the resultant biofuels into the mainstream. Because of algae's ability to potentially address several of these barriers, its use as a feedstock for biofuels has led to much excitement and initiative within the energy industry. Algae are highly diverse, singleor multi-cellular organisms comprised of mostly lipids, protein, and carbohydrates, which may be used to produce a wide variety of biofuels. Algae offer many competitive advantages over other feedstocks, including: 1) Higher potential lipid content than terrestrial plants, sometimes exceeding 50% of the cell's dry biomass (U.S. DOE, May '10; Tornabene et al., 1983) 2) Rapid growth rates that are 20-30 times higher than terrestrial crops (McDill, 2009) and, in some cases, capable of doubling in size with 10 hours 3) Diverse number of species that can collectively thrive in a wide range of environments throughout the world, presenting an overall high overall tolerance for climate, sunlight, nutrient levels, etc. 4) Daily harvesting potential instead of seasonal harvest periods associated with terrestrial crops 5) Potential to redirect CO2 from industry operations to algal cultivation facilities to be used in an algal biofuel cycle before it is released into the atmosphere 6) Ability to be cultivated on land that that is unsuitable for agriculture, so it does not directly compete with farmland Given microalgae's high lipid content and rapid growth rates, maximum oil yields of 20,000--115,000 L/ha/yr (2,140-13,360 gal/ac/yr) have been estimated. xiv 7) Ability to thrive in seawater, wastewater, or other non-potable sources, so it does not directly compete with fresh water resources. In fact, wastewater can provide algae with some essential nutrients, such as nitrogen, so algae may contribute to cleaning up wastewater streams. 8) Non-toxic and biodegradable 9) Co-products that may present high value in other markets, including nutriceuticals and cosmetics Given microalgae's high lipid content and rapid growth rate, maximum oil yields of 20,000 -- 115,000 liters per hectare per year (L/ha/yr) (2,140 -- 13,360 gallons per acre per year) (Baldos, 2009; Wijffels, 2008) have been estimated, which is considerably higher than any other competing feedstock. Although algae species collectively present many strong advantages (although one specific species is unlikely to possess all of the advantages listed), a sustainable algal biofuel industry is at least one or two decades away from maturity, and no commercial scale operations currently exist. Several barriers must first be overcome before algal biofuels can compete with traditional petroleum-based fuels. Production chains with net energy output need to be identified, and continued R&D is needed to reduce the cost in all segments of the production spectrum (e.g., harvesting, dewatering, extracting of oil). Further research to identify strains with high production rates and/or oil yields may also improve competitiveness within the market. Initiatives to seamlessly integrate algal biofuels into the existing transportation infrastructure may increase their convenience level.

  15. Cell-penetrating DNA-binding protein as a safe and efficient naked DNA delivery carrier in vitro and in vivo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Eun-Sung; Yang, Seung-Woo; Hong, Dong-Ki; Kim, Woo-Taek; Kim, Ho-Guen; Lee, Sang-Kyou

    2010-01-29

    Non-viral gene delivery is a safe and suitable alternative to viral vector-mediated delivery to overcome the immunogenicity and tumorigenesis associated with viral vectors. Using the novel, human-origin Hph-1 protein transduction domain that can facilitate the transduction of protein into cells, we developed a new strategy to deliver naked DNA in vitro and in vivo. The new DNA delivery system contains Hph-1-GAL4 DNA-binding domain (DBD) fusion protein and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) reporter plasmid that includes the five repeats of GAL4 upstream activating sequence (UAS). Hph-1-GAL4-DBD protein formed complex with plasmid DNA through the specific interaction between GAL4-DBD and UAS, and delivered into the cells via the Hph-1-PTD. The pEGFP DNA was successfully delivered by the Hph-1-GAL4 system, and the EGFP was effectively expressed in mammalian cells such as HeLa and Jurkat, as well as in Bright Yellow-2 (BY-2) plant cells. When 10 {mu}g of pEGFP DNA was intranasally administered to mice using Hph-1-GAL4 protein, a high level of EGFP expression was detected throughout the lung tissue for 7 days. These results suggest that an Hph-1-PTD-mediated DNA delivery strategy may be an useful non-viral DNA delivery system for gene therapy and DNA vaccines.

  16. Cell recognition molecule L1 promotes embryonic stem cell differentiation through the regulation of cell surface glycosylation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Ying [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044 (China) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044 (China); Department of Clinical Laboratory, Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116023 (China); Huang, Xiaohua [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044 (China) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044 (China); Department of Clinical Biochemistry, College of Laboratory Medicine, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044 (China); An, Yue [Department of Clinical Laboratory, Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116023 (China)] [Department of Clinical Laboratory, Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116023 (China); Ren, Feng [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044 (China)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044 (China); Yang, Zara Zhuyun; Zhu, Hongmei; Zhou, Lei [The Key Laboratory of Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, Institute of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650228 (China) [The Key Laboratory of Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, Institute of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650228 (China); Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Monash University, Clayton 3800 (Australia); He, Xiaowen; Schachner, Melitta [Keck Center for Collaborative Neuroscience and Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ (United States)] [Keck Center for Collaborative Neuroscience and Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ (United States); Xiao, Zhicheng, E-mail: zhicheng.xiao@monash.edu [The Key Laboratory of Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, Institute of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650228 (China) [The Key Laboratory of Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, Institute of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650228 (China); Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Monash University, Clayton 3800 (Australia); Ma, Keli, E-mail: makeli666@aliyun.com [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044 (China)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044 (China); Li, Yali, E-mail: yalilipaper@gmail.com [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044 (China) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044 (China); Department of Anatomy, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119078 (Singapore)

    2013-10-25

    Highlights: •Down-regulating FUT9 and ST3Gal4 expression blocks L1-induced neuronal differentiation of ESCs. •Up-regulating FUT9 and ST3Gal4 expression in L1-ESCs depends on the activation of PLC?. •L1 promotes ESCs to differentiate into neuron through regulating cell surface glycosylation. -- Abstract: Cell recognition molecule L1 (CD171) plays an important role in neuronal survival, migration, differentiation, neurite outgrowth, myelination, synaptic plasticity and regeneration after injury. Our previous study has demonstrated that overexpressing L1 enhances cell survival and proliferation of mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) through promoting the expression of FUT9 and ST3Gal4, which upregulates cell surface sialylation and fucosylation. In the present study, we examined whether sialylation and fucosylation are involved in ESC differentiation through L1 signaling. RNA interference analysis showed that L1 enhanced differentiation of ESCs into neurons through the upregulation of FUT9 and ST3Gal4. Furthermore, blocking the phospholipase C? (PLC?) signaling pathway with either a specific PLC? inhibitor or knockdown PLC? reduced the expression levels of both FUT9 and ST3Gal4 mRNAs and inhibited L1-mediated neuronal differentiation. These results demonstrate that L1 promotes neuronal differentiation from ESCs through the L1-mediated enhancement of FUT9 and ST3Gal4 expression.

  17. Techno-Economic Analysis of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis to Transportation Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, M. M.; Satrio, J. A.; Brown, R. C.; Daugaard, D. E.; Hsu, D. D.

    2010-11-01

    This study develops techno-economic models for assessment of the conversion of biomass to valuable fuel products via fast pyrolysis and bio-oil upgrading. The upgrading process produces a mixture of naphtha-range (gasoline blend stock) and diesel-range (diesel blend stock) products. This study analyzes the economics of two scenarios: onsite hydrogen production by reforming bio-oil, and hydrogen purchase from an outside source. The study results for an nth plant indicate that petroleum fractions in the naphtha distillation range and in the diesel distillation range are produced from corn stover at a product value of $3.09/gal ($0.82/liter) with onsite hydrogen production or $2.11/gal ($0.56/liter) with hydrogen purchase. These values correspond to a $0.83/gal ($0.21/liter) cost to produce the bio-oil. Based on these nth plant numbers, product value for a pioneer hydrogen-producing plant is about $6.55/gal ($1.73/liter) and for a pioneer hydrogen-purchasing plant is about $3.41/gal ($0.92/liter). Sensitivity analysis identifies fuel yield as a key variable for the hydrogen-production scenario. Biomass cost is important for both scenarios. Changing feedstock cost from $50-$100 per short ton changes the price of fuel in the hydrogen production scenario from $2.57-$3.62/gal ($0.68-$0.96/liter).

  18. Polyculture Analysis

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewable Fuel Standard, DOE MYPP has a target of 2,500 gallons per acre per year of algae by 2018 and 5,200 by 2022 * Current (mono-culture based) production levels (13 gm 2...

  19. Algal Biodiesel via Innovative Harvesting and Aquaculture Systems

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    harvesting process at a sufficient scale (>300,000 U.S. gallons 1,135,632 liters of algae culture processed per day) to facilitate commercial scale-up. * Goal 2: Show that the...

  20. RPP-ENV-33418

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reported in DOERL-88-30, revision 16 Date Waste Type (1) Waste Discharged (Gallons) Event Description from Reference References diversion box 241-CR-152 along the west side...

  1. Fact #706: December 19, 2011 Vocational Vehicle Fuel Consumption...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vehicle Fuel Consumption Standards, 2016-17 (Gallons per Thousand Ton-Mile) Size Category Truck Weight Class Year 2016 2017 Light heavy-duty Class 2b-5 38.1 36.7 Medium heavy-duty...

  2. Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For the 2014 model year, midsize hybrid cars averaged 43.4 miles per gallon (mpg) while midsize non-hybrid cars averaged 28.7 mpg; the difference between the two has narrowed due to the rising...

  3. Economic and emissions impacts of renewable fuel goals for aviation in the US

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnachie, Dominic

    The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has a goal that one billion gallons of renewable jet fuel is consumed by the US aviation industry each year from 2018. We examine the economic and emissions impacts of this goal ...

  4. Energy Department Awards up to $4 Million to Develop Advanced...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    a 17.3 million investment by the Department to develop technologies that will enable the production of clean, renewable, and cost-competitive drop-in biofuels at 3 per gallon of...

  5. Demonstration Scale Projects Michael Cooney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    investigated the application of anaerobic digestion to primary clarifier treatment as a means to lower bulk packing material in anaerobic digesters. #12;Demonstration Scale Projects Michael Cooney With a grant from the DOE, a 3,000 gallon anaerobic

  6. Tips for Living Green Conduct a home energy audit -hes.lbl.gov or fcgov.com/greenbuilding/home/existing_programs.php

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sure you recycle it. Every ton of recycled paper saves 380 gallons of oil. Compost yard waste: every year 24 million tons of leaves and grass are thrown away. Locally, yard waste can be composted

  7. Michael C. Martin August 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at the ALS for future IR beamlines, should the demand justify building more. The broad-spectrum synchrotron requires venting. A finger mask (a small copper pipe with approximately 0.5 gallons of water per minute

  8. U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to decrease

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    diesel fuel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 2.51 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.7 cents from a week ago, based on...

  9. Analysis of Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Truck Technologies Using Diesel, LNG, Electricity, and Hydrogen, as the Fuel for Various Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Hengbing

    2013-01-01

    Electric Drivetrain Electric Drivetrain Conv. DieselDiesel Hyb. Conv. LNG-SI LNG-SI Hyb. Conv. LNG-CI LNG-CICompression Ignition Carbon Dioxide Diesel Gallon Equivalent

  10. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, Oct. 2009, p. 60876093 Vol. 75, No. 19 0099-2240/09/$08.00 0 doi:10.1128/AEM.01538-09

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wilfred

    of bioethanol from biomass has recently at- tracted attention due to the mandate for a billion gallons bioethanol more competitive with fossil fuel (29). Cellulosic biomass found in many low-value agricul- tural

  11. Carlsbad Field Office

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    D80 Landfill Acre-feet; Hectares-meter; Acres; Cubic Meters; Hectares; Cubic Yards T82 Lime Kiln D81 Land Treatment Acres or Hectares T83 Aggregate Kiln D82 Ocean Disposal Gallons...

  12. Fact #721: April 2, 2012 Heavy Trucks Move Freight Efficiently...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    heavy vehicles like buses or class 8 trucks get much fewer miles per gallon than cars, a greater percentage of their mass is payload which means that they are much more...

  13. Early Equipment Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlie, Michelle

    2007-05-18

    Installed .................................................40 Exhibit 11: 400 Gallon Tank and K-Tron Feeder................................................42 Exhibit 12: Cardboard Box Layout of First Floor Equipment ..............................43... Exhibit 13: Continuous Mixer .............................................................................43 Exhibit 14: Gantry Palletizer...............................................................................44 Page 4 Acknowledgements I...

  14. Market Cost of Renewable Jet Fuel Adoption in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winchester, N.

    The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has a goal that one billion gallons of renewable jet fuel is consumed by the US aviation industry each year from 2018. We examine the cost to US airlines of meeting this goal ...

  15. EM Completes Project to Maintain Water Quality of Spent Nuclear...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and CH2M-WG, Idaho (CWI) removed and replaced tiny, beaded media, called resin, used to filter millions of gallons of water necessary to cool and provide radiological shielding...

  16. The impact of alternative oil spill cleanup responses on Spartina alterniflora 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiesling, Russell Wayne

    1987-01-01

    gallons or greater have impacted salt marshes along Snake Island, Clear Credo, Dickinson Bayou, and Bolivar Roads. The Galveston Bay system likely represents a typical bay system where accidental discharge of oil occasionally enters salt marsh habitat...

  17. Folk Quantification of Transportation Energy: An initial investigation of perceptions of automobile energy use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silvis, Julia; Leighty, Wayne; Karner, Alex

    2007-01-01

    Geo Metro, Honda Fit Volkswagen Passat, Chevrolet TahoeHybrid Chrysler 300M Volkswagen Beetle (straight vegetablea gallon. When I got my Volkswagen, I drove it to Iowa and

  18. Improving Unit Operations-Test Station Performance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filak, J. J. Jr.

    1995-01-01

    This program's basic concept deals with the possibilities for reducing energy efficiency through four key elements. These elements are pounds per square inch (psi), gallons per minutes (gpm), revolutions per minutes (rpm) ...

  19. Moving Forward With Fuel Economy Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2009-01-01

    $1.85 a gallon. Crude oil prices in early 2009 were stillBut in light of fluctuating oil prices and concerns aboutwhen the inevitable rise in oil prices occurs with economic

  20. Energy Department Joins Navy and Agriculture Departments to Invest...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    To build and operate an 82 million gallon per year refinery on the Gulf Coast to hydro-treat and upgrade waste fats, oils, and greases to create military-grade jet fuel and...

  1. Fact #639: September 6, 2010 Gasoline Tax Rates by State

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Excise Tax on motor gasoline is 18.4 cents per gallon for all states. Each state applies additional taxes which vary from state to state. As of July 2010, Alaska had the lowest overall...

  2. Savannah River Site Contractor Achieves Tank Waste Milestone

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    AIKEN, S.C. – The Savannah River Site’s liquid waste contractor recently achieved a contract milestone by processing 500,000 gallons of salt waste in underground tanks for disposition since October last year.

  3. Development of a Web-Based, Emissions Reduction Calculator for Storm Water/Infiltration Sanitary Sewage Separation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Z.; Haberl, J. S.; Brumbelow, K.; Culp, C.; Gilman, D.; Yazdani, B.

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents the procedures developed to calculate the electricity savings and emissions reductions from the infiltration of storm water into sanitary sewage separation using a two-step regression method: one step to correlate the gallons...

  4. NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center Improves Cooling System Performanc...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The program saved the facility more than 800,000 gallons of water in eight months. nasa-msfcwatercs2.pdf More Documents & Publications NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center...

  5. Fact #581: July 27, 2009 Fuel Wasted in Traffic Congestion

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The researchers at the Texas Transportation Institute have recently published new estimates of the effects of traffic congestion. Nearly 3 billion gallons of fuel is wasted each year due to traffic...

  6. Alternative Fuel Price Report - March 28, 2005

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    At the national average gasoline price of 2.109 per gallon, the fuel cost of an electric Ranger is less than that of its conventional counterpart for electricity price up...

  7. DTE Energy Video (Text Version) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    than 1.00 per gallon of gasoline equivalent; Electric vehicles have a lower carbon footprint; Electricity is a domestic fuel source. Plugging in a vehicle is simple. Many...

  8. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    03 Table A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District and State, 1984-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year Regular Midgrade Premium...

  9. Secretary Bodman Touts Importance of Cellulosic Ethanol at Georgia...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    million gallons of cellulosic ethanol per year. Funding for these projects is also an integral part of the President's Biofuels Initiative that will lead to the wide-scale use of...

  10. Finding Computationally Inexpensive Methods to Model the Flow Past Heavy Vehicles and the Design of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jameson, Antony

    save 3.2 billion gallons of diesel per year and prevent 28 million tons of CO2 emissions.3 increases the pressure inside the wake and reduces the overall vehicle drag. Wind tunnel experiments using

  11. Bio-Economic Analyses of Biofuel-Based Integrated Farm Drainage Management Systems on Marginal Land in a Salinity and Drainage Impacted Region: The Case of California's Central Valley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levers, Lucia

    2015-01-01

    p f is the price of purchased diesel fuel), and irrigationFuel Price and Carbon Dioxide Tax Sensitivity Analysis As biodiesel produced replaces fossil dieselfuel prices of $2, $3, and $4 per gallon, chosen from historical red diesel

  12. Economics of Milk Products Processing Plants in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stelly, Randall

    1957-01-01

    Approximately 136,000 refuse trucks were in operation in the United States in 2007. These trucks burn approximately 1.2 billion gallons of diesel fuel a year, releasing almost 27 billion pounds of greenhouse gases. In ...

  13. BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (maf). One acre-foot is a volume of water equivalent to one acre covered one foot deep with water - it's a little more than 325,000 gallons. The Northwest River Forecast...

  14. The Hanford Story: Tank Waste Cleanup

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This fourth chapter of The Hanford Story explains how the DOE Office of River Protection will use the Waste Treatment Plant to treat the 56 million gallons of radioactive waste in the Tank Farms.

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    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Ultra Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End...

  16. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    by Sulfur Content and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Year Month Ultra Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End...

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    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    by Sulfur Content and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Year Month Ultra Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End...

  18. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Ultra Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End...

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    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Ultra Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End...

  20. Plug-in Hybrid Powertrain Modeling Scott J. Moura, Hosam K. Fathy, Duncan S. Callaway, Jeffrey L. Stein Slide 1 of 15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krstic, Miroslav

    ) decreases the cost per gallon of gasoline equivalent. Chevrolet Volt Concept Car at 2007 NAIAS Source with "blending"? Problem Statement Develop a control-oriented model of sufficient fidelity and minimal complexity