Sample records for graham77811982 super contributor

  1. Coordinating and Motivating open source contributors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowston, Kevin

    Coordinating and Motivating open source contributors Workshop @ LinuxWorldAsia James Howison School Science at University of New South Wales 4th year of my PhD at Syracuse University Prof. Crowston Interviews, surveys and studies of development archives ApacheCon, O'Reilly OSCon, FOOCamp, OSDC

  2. April 29, 2006 OP-ED CONTRIBUTOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    April 29, 2006 OP-ED CONTRIBUTOR Net Gains By JEFFREY D. SACHS AMERICANS have a perfect retort to Osama Bin Laden's call for expanding the terrorism war to Sudan. We should respond by showing our with the distribution of long-lasting insecticide-treated bed nets to each household with children who came

  3. Super Special Codes using Super Matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; K. Ilanthenral

    2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The new classes of super special codes are constructed in this book using the specially constructed super special vector spaces. These codes mainly use the super matrices. These codes can be realized as a special type of concatenated codes. This book has four chapters. In chapter one basic properties of codes and super matrices are given. A new type of super special vector space is constructed in chapter two of this book. Three new classes of super special codes namely, super special row code, super special column code and super special codes are introduced in chapter three. Applications of these codes are given in the final chapter.

  4. Using Analogy to Acquire Commonsense Knowledge from Human Contributors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chklovski, Timothy

    2003-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the work reported here is to capture the commonsense knowledge of non-expert human contributors. Achieving this goal will enable more intelligent human-computer interfaces and pave the way for computers to ...

  5. Using analogy to acquire commonsense knowledge from human Contributors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chklovski, Timothy A. (Timothy Anatolievich), 1977-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the work reported here is to capture the commonsense knowledge of non-expert human contributors. Achieving this goal will enable more intelligent human-computer interfaces and pave the way for computers to ...

  6. Mineral Scavenger Hunt 1. CONTRIBUTOR'S NAME: Johnny MacLean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brewer, Carol

    Mineral Scavenger Hunt 1. CONTRIBUTOR'S NAME: Johnny MacLean 2. NAME OF INQUIRY: Mineral Scavenger from minerals? What are some objects in the classroom that come from minerals? What minerals did these objects come from? b. Ecological Theme(s): Minerals are the building blocks of rocks. Rocks

  7. Super Linear Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache

    2008-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    In this book, the authors introduce the notion of Super linear algebra and super vector spaces using the definition of super matrices defined by Horst (1963). This book expects the readers to be well-versed in linear algebra. Many theorems on super linear algebra and its properties are proved. Some theorems are left as exercises for the reader. These new class of super linear algebras which can be thought of as a set of linear algebras, following a stipulated condition, will find applications in several fields using computers. The authors feel that such a paradigm shift is essential in this computerized world. Some other structures ought to replace linear algebras which are over a century old. Super linear algebras that use super matrices can store data not only in a block but in multiple blocks so it is certainly more powerful than the usual matrices. This book has 3 chapters. Chapter one introduces the notion of super vector spaces and enumerates a number of properties. Chapter two defines the notion of super linear algebra, super inner product spaces and super bilinear forms. Several interesting properties are derived. The main application of these new structures in Markov chains and Leontief economic models are also given in this chapter. The final chapter suggests 161 problems mainly to make the reader understand this new concept and apply them.

  8. Super recycled water: quenching computers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Super recycled water: quenching computers Super recycled water: quenching computers New facility and methods support conserving water and creating recycled products. Using reverse...

  9. Super Projects (Arkansas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A 2004 amendment to the state constitution authorizes the state to attract super projects by issuing bonds to fund a project’s infrastructure, limited to 5% of the net general revenues during the...

  10. SuperNEMO status

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chapon, A. [Universite de Caen Basse-Normandie, ENSICAEN, LPC Caen, UMR 6534, 6 boulevard du Marechal Juin, 14050 CAEN Cedex (France); Collaboration: SUPERNEMO Collaboration

    2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The SuperNEMO experiment aims to reach a sensitivity up to 10{sup 26} years on the half-life of neutrinoless double beta decay. The SuperNEMO project strongly inherits from the previous Nemo3 experiment. It will consist of a ''tracko-calo'' modular detector with at least 100 kg of betabeta isotope. The current status of the main R and D tasks will be presented: enrichment and production of source foils, radiopurity control, tracker and calorimeter.

  11. SuperB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. J. Bevan

    2009-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    An overview of the SuperB project and its physics programme is presented. There are many new physics sensitive observables that can be measured at a high luminosity e+e- collider operating near a centre of mass energy of ~10 GeV, and many new physics scenarios to test in the literature. Together these form a golden matrix of observables versus scenarios. Each scenario has its it's own golden channel(s) and the pattern of deviations from Standard Model behaviour that will be measured by SuperB can be used to home in on the new physics scenario describing nature at high energies.

  12. Accident sequence precursor events with age-related contributors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murphy, G.A.; Kohn, W.E.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Accident Sequence Precursor (ASP) Program at ORNL analyzed about 14.000 Licensee Event Reports (LERs) filed by US nuclear power plants 1987--1993. There were 193 events identified as precursors to potential severe core accident sequences. These are reported in G/CR-4674. Volumes 7 through 20. Under the NRC Nuclear Plant Aging Research program, the authors evaluated these events to determine the extent to which component aging played a role. Events were selected that involved age-related equipment degradation that initiated an event or contributed to an event sequence. For the 7-year period, ORNL identified 36 events that involved aging degradation as a contributor to an ASP event. Except for 1992, the percentage of age-related events within the total number of ASP events over the 7-year period ({approximately}19%) appears fairly consistent up to 1991. No correlation between plant ape and number of precursor events was found. A summary list of the age-related events is presented in the report.

  13. STORM/PALM - Super Resolution Fluorescence Microscope | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    STORMPALM - Super Resolution Fluorescence Microscope STORMPALM - Super Resolution Fluorescence Microscope EMSL has developed and offers Fluorescence, Super Resolution STORM...

  14. Flooding of the continental shelves as a contributor to deglacial CH4 rise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    Flooding of the continental shelves as a contributor to deglacial CH4 rise ANDY RIDGWELL,1 MARK of the continental shelves that were exposed and vegetated during the glacial sea-level low stand and that can help

  15. Supernova relic neutrinos at Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bays, K.; Super-Kamiokande Collaboration, .

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    90 061101 Fukuda et al [Super-Kamiokande Collaboration] 2003418–462 J Hosaka et al [Super-Kamiokande Collaboration] 2006083013 M Malek et al [Super-Kamiokande Collaboration] 2003

  16. Be a Super Snacker.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anoymous,

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ; insert sticks and freeze. Banana ices: Cut peeled banana into three pieces; insert stick into end of each piece. wrap each piece in wax paper and freeze. Social Super Snacking What shows up at a party, in addition to today's Texans? snacks, of course... of two frozen sandwiches will thaw at room temperature in 3 to 3112 hours - just in time for a Quick lunch on the go. Sandwiches prepared ahead of time in assembly-line fashion and frozen will keep at least 2 weeks. Sandwich fillings which freeze well...

  17. Super Heavy Nuclei

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer. .Energy8 Career DaySunShotSuper Heavy

  18. SuperGZK neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Berezinsky

    2005-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The sources and fluxes of superGZK neutrinos, $E>10^{20}$ eV, are discussed. The fluxes of {\\em cosmogenic neutrinos}, i.e. those produced by ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECR) interacting with CMB photons, are calculated in the models, which give the good fit to the observed flux of UHECR. The best fit given in no-evolutionary model with maximum acceleration energy $E_{\\rm max}=1\\times 10^{21}$ eV results in very low flux of superGZK neutrinos an order of magnitude lower than the observed flux of UHECR. The predicted neutrino flux becomes larger and observable by next generation detectors at energies $10^{20} - 10^{21}$ eV in the evolutionary models with $E_{\\rm max}=1\\times 10^{23}$ eV. The largest cosmogenic neutrino flux is given in models with very flat generation spectrum, e.g. $\\propto E^{-2}$. The neutrino energies are naturally high in the models of {\\em superheavy dark matter and topological defects}. Their fluxes can also be higher than those of cosmogenic neutrinos. The largest fluxes are given by {\\em mirror neutrinos}, oscillating into ordinary neutrinos. Their fluxes obey some theoretical upper limit which is very weak, and in practice these fluxes are most efficiently limited now by observations of radio emission from neutrino-induced showers.

  19. RESULTS FROM SUPER-KAMIOKANDE M. NAKAHATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    RESULTS FROM SUPER-KAMIOKANDE M. NAKAHATA Kamioka Observatory, ICRR, University of Tokyo Super-Kamiokande problem. A possible solution of these problems could be neutrino oscillations. 1 Introduction Super-Kamiokande angle for #1;m 2 = 10 07 10 04 eV 2 range. In this report, preliminary results from Super-Kamiokande

  20. SOLAR NEUTRINO RESULTS FROM SUPER-KAMIOKANDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    HE 4.1.22 SOLAR NEUTRINO RESULTS FROM SUPER-KAMIOKANDE Z. Conner For the Super-Kamiokande observatory, Super-Kamiokande, is located near Kamioka, Japan and has been col- lecting data since April 1996. Super-Kamiokande is a 50,000 m3 water- Cerenkov detector. Forty per- cent of the surface area

  1. UNDERGROUND MUONS IN SUPER-KAMIOKANDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    HE 4.1.23 UNDERGROUND MUONS IN SUPER-KAMIOKANDE The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration, presented by J The largest underground neutrino observatory, Super-Kamiokande, located near Kamioka, Japan has been for muons ver- sus zenith angle in Super-Kamiokande. The lled region is for muons with more than 1.7 Ge

  2. SuperB Progress Report: Detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Donvito, G.; Spinoso, V.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Manghisoni, M.; Re, V.; Traversi, G.; /INFN, Pavia /Bergamo U., Ingengneria Dept.; Eigen, G.; Fehlker, D.; Helleve, L.; /Bergen U.; Carbone, A.; Di Sipio, R.; Gabrielli, A.; Galli, D.; Giorgi, F.; Marconi, U.; Perazzini, S.; Sbarra, C.; Vagnoni, V.; Valentinetti, S.; Villa, M.; Zoccoli, A.; /INFN, Bologna /Bologna U. /Caltech /Carleton U. /Cincinnati U. /INFN, CNAF /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /UC, Irvine /Taras Shevchenko U. /Orsay, LAL /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Frascati /INFN, Legnaro /Orsay, IPN /Maryland U. /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Pavia /Pavia U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Perugia /Caltech /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /PNL, Richland /Queen Mary, U. of London /Rutherford /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome2 /Rome U.,Tor Vergata /INFN, Rome3 /Rome III U. /SLAC /Tel Aviv U. /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Padua /Trento U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /TRIUMF /British Columbia U. /Montreal U. /Victoria U.

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the present status of the detector design for SuperB. It is one of four separate progress reports that, taken collectively, describe progress made on the SuperB Project since the publication of the SuperB Conceptual Design Report in 2007 and the Proceedings of SuperB Workshop VI in Valencia in 2008.

  3. Development of Super-high Sensitivity Radon Detector for the Super-Kamiokande Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takeuchi, Yasuo

    Development of Super-high Sensitivity Radon Detector for the Super-Kamiokande Detector C.Mitsuda d for the Super-Kamiokande detector was developed. Super-high sensitivity was achieved through the utilization-day measurement. PACS: 29.40.-n Keywords: Radon; Super-Kamiokande; Electrostatic collection; Photodiode; Membrane

  4. Particle rapidity distribution in proton-nucleus collisions using the proton-contributor reference frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gines Martinez-Garcia

    2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    I define the proton-contributor reference frame in proton nucleus (p--A) collisions as the center of mass of the system formed by the proton and the participant nucleons of the nucleus. Assuming that the rapidity distribution of produced particles is symmetric in the proton-contributor reference frame, several measurements in p-Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}} = 5.02 {\\rm TeV}$ can be described qualitatively. These include rapidity distributions of charged particles, $J/\\psi$ and Z bosons.

  5. EIS-0138: Superconducting Super Collider

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy developed this EIS to analyze the potential environmental impacts of constructing the Superconducting Super Collider, a large proton accelerator, at each of seven alternative locations.

  6. Super-Natural MSSM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Guangle; Nanopoulos, D V; Raza, Shabbar

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We point out that the electroweak fine-tuning problem in the supersymmetric Standard Models (SSMs) is mainly due to the high energy definition of the fine-tuning measure. We propose super-natural supersymmetry which has an order one high energy fine-tuning measure automatically. The key point is that all the mass parameters in the SSMs arise from a single supersymmetry breaking parameter. In this paper, we show that there is no supersymmetry electroweak fine-tuning problem explicitly in the Minimal SSM (MSSM) with no-scale supergravity and Giudice-Masiero (GM) mechanism. We demonstrate that the $Z$-boson mass, the supersymmteric Higgs mixing parameter $\\mu$ at the unification scale, and the sparticle spectrum can be given as functions of the universal gaugino mass $M_{1/2}$. Because the light stau is the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) in the no-scale MSSM, to preserve $R$ parity, we introduce a non-thermally generated axino as the LSP dark matter candidate. We estimate the lifetime of the light stau b...

  7. Vadose Zone Soil Moisture Wicking Using Super Absorbent Polymers...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Vadose Zone Soil Moisture Wicking Using Super Absorbent Polymers. Vadose Zone Soil Moisture Wicking Using Super Absorbent Polymers. Abstract: Super-absorbent polymers (SAPs) have...

  8. Super Energy Savings Performance Contracts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This updated publication, produced for DOE's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), is an overview of DOE's streamlined energy savings performance contracting ("Super ESPC") process. It is intended for Federal energy and facility managers, contracting officers, procurement staff, private energy service companies (ESCOs), and any others involved in this contracting process. A Super ESPC is an indefinite-delivery, indefinite-quantity contract that allows a qualifying, preselected ESCO to pay the initial capital cost of energy efficiency improvements or renewable energy technologies at a Federal facility. The ESCO is then repaid over time from the Federal agency's resulting cost savings over the term of the contract, which can be up to 25 years. Among other benefits, Super ESPCs allow Federal agencies to obtain energy efficiency improvements and new technologies without having to go through the entire contracting process or having to pay the up-front costs of new equipment and services.

  9. The Super-Kamiokande Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. W. Walter

    2008-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Super-Kamiokande is a 50 kiloton water Cherenkov detector located at the Kamioka Observatory of the Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo. It was designed to study neutrino oscillations and carry out searches for the decay of the nucleon. The Super-Kamiokande experiment began in 1996 and in the ensuing decade of running has produced extremely important results in the fields of atmospheric and solar neutrino oscillations, along with setting stringent limits on the decay of the nucleon and the existence of dark matter and astrophysical sources of neutrinos. Perhaps most crucially, Super-Kamiokande for the first time definitively showed that neutrinos have mass and undergo flavor oscillations. This chapter will summarize the published scientific output of the experiment with a particular emphasis on the atmospheric neutrino results.

  10. SOWFA + Super Controller User's Manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fleming, P.; Gebraad, P.; Churchfield, M.; Lee, S.; Johnson, K.; Michalakes, J.; van Wingerden, J. W.; Moriarty, P.

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SOWFA + Super Controller is a modification of the NREL's SOWFA tool which allows for a user to apply multiturbine or centralized wind plant control algorithms within the high-fidelity SOWFA simulation environment. The tool is currently a branch of the main SOWFA program, but will one day will be merged into a single version. This manual introduces the tool and provides examples such that a user can implement their own super controller and set up and run simulations. The manual only discusses enough about SOWFA itself to allow for the customization of controllers and running of simulations, and details of SOWFA itself are reported elsewhere Churchfield and Lee (2013); Churchfield et al. (2012). SOWFA + Super Controller, and this manual, are in alpha mode.

  11. Results on neutrino mass and mixing from Super Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kielczewska, Danuta; Super Kamiokande Collaboration, .; K2K Collaboration, .

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and expeted events in Super Kamiokande. Events observed FCtrak muons measured in Super Kamiokande detetor. The solid

  12. Solar Neutrinos at Super-Kamiokande for Super-Kamiokande collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    1 =1pc #12; 2 Solar Neutrinos at Super-Kamiokande K.Inoue a for Super-Kamiokande collaboration-cho, Yoshiki-gun, Gifu 506-12, Japan A huge ring imaging water Cherenkov detector, super-Kamiokande, has statistics and high precision spectrum and day/night ux measurement. Super-Kamiokande is accumulating 8 B

  13. THE CURRENT STATUS OF THE SUPER-KAMIOKANDE K. Martens for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    THE CURRENT STATUS OF THE SUPER-KAMIOKANDE EXPERIMENT K. Martens for the Super-Kamiokande-12 Gifu-ken, Japan The Super-Kamiokande Experiment started taking data on April 1 st 1996. By November.1 Structure and Location Super-Kamiokande is a large 50 kt water cherenkov detector for neutrino physics

  14. Kamiokande and Super-Kamiokande Yoichiro Suzuki

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Kamiokande and Super-Kamiokande Yoichiro Suzuki Kamioka Observatory, Institute for Cosmic Ray of a neutrino oscillation. Super- Kamiokande, the bigger successor of Kamiokande, started its operation in April- lent), Kamiokande [1] and Super-Kamiokande [2], are the powerful tool to understand neutrino prop

  15. Results from Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yasuo Takeuchi; for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent results from Super-Kamiokande (SK) are reported. On atmospheric neutrino analysis, we have performed a full 3-flavor oscillation analysis with SK-I+II+III data. A CPT violation study on atmospheric neutrino is also done with SK-I+II+III data. On solar neutrino analysis, a 3-flavor oscillation analysis with SK-III data is performed.

  16. Results from Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takeuchi, Yasuo

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent results from Super-Kamiokande (SK) are reported. On atmospheric neutrino analysis, we have performed a full 3-flavor oscillation analysis with SK-I+II+III data. A CPT violation study on atmospheric neutrino is also done with SK-I+II+III data. On solar neutrino analysis, a 3-flavor oscillation analysis with SK-III data is performed.

  17. The SuperB project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matteo Rama

    2009-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    SuperB is a next generation asymmetric e+e- flavor factory with a baseline luminosity of 10^36 cm^-2 s^-1, 50-100 times the peak luminosity of the existing B-factories. The physics motivation is presented and the complementarity with the LHC is discussed. The conceptual design of the detector is also briefly described.

  18. SuperNEMO Project Status

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chauveau, E. [Universite de Bordeaux, Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Bordeaux Gradignan, UMR 5797, F-33175 Gradignan (France) and CNRS/IN2P3, Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Bordeaux Gradignan, UMR 5797, F-33175 Gradignan (France)

    2009-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The SuperNEMO experiment aims to reach a sensitivity up to 10{sup 26} years on the half-life of neutrinoless double beta decay. The chosen way is to build a 'tracko-calo' detector with at least 100 kg of betabeta isotope. The current status of the main R and D tasks will be presented: enrichment and production of source foil, radiopurity control, tracker and calorimeter.

  19. THE FIRST RESULTS FROM SUPER-KAMIOKANDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    THE FIRST RESULTS FROM SUPER-KAMIOKANDE SUPER­KAMIOKANDE Collaboration Presented by Yasuo Takeuchi-12, JAPAN 2 Abstract The #12;rst results from Super­Kamiokande are reported. 1 E­mail: takeuchi Nov. 1991 ¸ Feb. 1995 836 days 7.0 MeV Super-Kamiokande Apr. 1996 ¸ Mar. 1996 202 days 6.5 MeV Table 1

  20. Super-Kamiokande atmospheric neutrino results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toshiyuki Toshito; the Super-Kamiokande collaboration

    2001-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We present atmospheric neutrino results from a 79 kiloton year (1289 days) exposure of the Super-Kamiokande detector. Our data are well explained by $\

  1. Results from Super-Kamiokande and K2K

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vagins, M. R; Super-Kamiokande Collaboration, .; K2K Collaboration, .

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2003 pp. 249–259 Results from Super-Kamiokande and K2K MR VAGINS for the Super-Kamiokande and K2K CollaborationsAbstract. Results from Super-Kamiokande-I’s entire 1496 live

  2. Super-Heavy Element Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer. .Energy8 Career DaySunShotSuper

  3. SuperComputing | Materials | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer. .Energy8 Career DaySunShotSuper Energy EFRC

  4. SuperComputing | Mathematics | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer. .Energy8 Career DaySunShotSuper Energy EFRC

  5. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Volvo SuperTruck...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Volvo SuperTruck Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Volvo SuperTruck Presentation given by Volvo Trucks at 2015 DOE...

  6. Super-Resolution Fluorescence Nanoscopy Applied to Image Core...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Super-Resolution Fluorescence Nanoscopy Applied to Image Core-Shell Photoswitching Nanoparticles and their Self-Assemblies . Super-Resolution Fluorescence Nanoscopy Applied to...

  7. SuperB Progress Report for Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Leary, B.; /Aachen, Tech. Hochsch.; Matias, J.; Ramon, M.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Pous, E.; /Barcelona U.; De Fazio, F.; Palano, A.; /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; /Bergen U.; Asgeirsson, D.; /British Columbia U.; Cheng, C.H.; Chivukula, A.; Echenard, B.; Hitlin, D.G.; Porter, F.; Rakitin, A.; /Caltech; Heinemeyer, S.; /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; McElrath, B.; /CERN; Andreassen, R.; Meadows, B.; Sokoloff, M.; /Cincinnati U.; Blanke, M.; /Cornell U., Phys. Dept.; Lesiak, T.; /Cracow, INP /DESY /Zurich, ETH /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Glasgow U. /Indiana U. /Mainz U., Inst. Phys. /Karlsruhe, Inst. Technol. /KEK, Tsukuba /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Lisbon, IST /Ljubljana U. /Madrid, Autonoma U. /Maryland U. /MIT /INFN, Milan /McGill U. /Munich, Tech. U. /Notre Dame U. /PNL, Richland /INFN, Padua /Paris U., VI-VII /Orsay, LAL /Orsay, LPT /INFN, Pavia /INFN, Perugia /INFN, Pisa /Queen Mary, U. of London /Regensburg U. /Republica U., Montevideo /Frascati /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rutherford /Sassari U. /Siegen U. /SLAC /Southern Methodist U. /Tel Aviv U. /Tohoku U. /INFN, Turin /INFN, Trieste /Uppsala U. /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Wayne State U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    SuperB is a high luminosity e{sup +}e{sup -} collider that will be able to indirectly probe new physics at energy scales far beyond the reach of any man made accelerator planned or in existence. Just as detailed understanding of the Standard Model of particle physics was developed from stringent constraints imposed by flavour changing processes between quarks, the detailed structure of any new physics is severely constrained by flavour processes. In order to elucidate this structure it is necessary to perform a number of complementary studies of a set of golden channels. With these measurements in hand, the pattern of deviations from the Standard Model behavior can be used as a test of the structure of new physics. If new physics is found at the LHC, then the many golden measurements from SuperB will help decode the subtle nature of the new physics. However if no new particles are found at the LHC, SuperB will be able to search for new physics at energy scales up to 10-100 TeV. In either scenario, flavour physics measurements that can be made at SuperB play a pivotal role in understanding the nature of physics beyond the Standard Model. Examples for using the interplay between measurements to discriminate New Physics models are discussed in this document. SuperB is a Super Flavour Factory, in addition to studying large samples of B{sub u,d,s}, D and {tau} decays, SuperB has a broad physics programme that includes spectroscopy both in terms of the Standard Model and exotica, and precision measurements of sin{sup 2} {theta}{sub W}. In addition to performing CP violation measurements at the {Upsilon}(4S) and {phi}(3770), SuperB will test CPT in these systems, and lepton universality in a number of different processes. The multitude of rare decay measurements possible at SuperB can be used to constrain scenarios of physics beyond the Standard Model. In terms of other precision tests of the Standard Model, this experiment will be able to perform precision over-constraints of the unitarity triangle through multiple measurements of all angles and sides. This report extends and updates the studies presented in both the SuperB Conceptual Design Report in 2007 and the Proceedings of SuperB Workshop VI in Valencia in 2008. Together, these three documents detail the Physics case of the SuperB Project.

  8. Recent results from Super-Kamiokande Yusuke Koshio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Recent results from Super-Kamiokande Yusuke Koshio for Super-Kamiokande collaboration Kamioka March 5th , 1998 Abstract Preliminary results on atmospheric neutrinos and solar neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande. The neutrino oscillations, which is a possible solution of these problems, are also studied. 1 Super-Kamiokande

  9. TOS0403-60 ACM-TRANSACTION October 25, 2008 22:7 Are Disks the Dominant Contributor for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yuanyuan

    P1: PSX TOS0403-60 ACM-TRANSACTION October 25, 2008 22:7 7 Are Disks the Dominant Contributor: November 2008. #12;P1: PSX TOS0403-60 ACM-TRANSACTION October 25, 2008 22:7 7:2 · W. Jiang et al

  10. Neutrino Mass and Mixing Measurements at Super-Kamiokande R. Svoboda (for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration) a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    1 Neutrino Mass and Mixing Measurements at Super-Kamiokande R. Svoboda (for the Super-Kamiokande-4001 USA The latest atmospheric and solar neutrino measurements from over 1100 live days of the Super-Kamiokande Oscillation (VO) allowed regions from ux de#12;cit alone are excluded at the 95% c:l: 1. The Super-Kamiokande

  11. Current Status of Nucleon Decay Searches with Super-Kamiokande Brett Viren for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Current Status of Nucleon Decay Searches with Super-Kamiokande Brett Viren for the Super-Kamiokande. Current results from the observation of a 45 kton-year exposure of Super{Kamiokande and lifetime limits state of matter in our universe in the far and distant future. One of the primary goals of the Super{Kamiokande

  12. A New Contributor to Chemical Evolution in High-Redshift Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsujimoto, T

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent discovery of a new population of stars exhibiting unusual elemental abundance patterns characterized by enhanced Ti to Ga elements and low alpha and n-capture elements suggests the contribution of a new class of supernovae, probably a kind of Type Ia supernovae associated with close binary evolution. The role of these supernovae in chemical evolution is negligible in normal galaxies that undergo moderate star formation such as our own. Thus, while the frequency of occurrence would be too low to detect in low-redshift galaxies, it may represent a prominent population in high-redshift objects such as early epoch massive elliptical galaxies and QSOs. The chemical contributor of this proposed type of supernovae in combination with recognized supernovae is shown to be compatible with the recent observational features in the distant universe, successfully reproducing the Type II supernovae-like abundance pattern with enhancement of Ga and Ge in the gas of newborn massive galaxies and high iron abundances...

  13. A New Contributor to Chemical Evolution in High-Redshift Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takuji Tsujimoto

    2004-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent discovery of a new population of stars exhibiting unusual elemental abundance patterns characterized by enhanced Ti to Ga elements and low alpha and n-capture elements suggests the contribution of a new class of supernovae, probably a kind of Type Ia supernovae associated with close binary evolution. The role of these supernovae in chemical evolution is negligible in normal galaxies that undergo moderate star formation such as our own. Thus, while the frequency of occurrence would be too low to detect in low-redshift galaxies, it may represent a prominent population in high-redshift objects such as early epoch massive elliptical galaxies and QSOs. The chemical contributor of this proposed type of supernovae in combination with recognized supernovae is shown to be compatible with the recent observational features in the distant universe, successfully reproducing the Type II supernovae-like abundance pattern with enhancement of Ga and Ge in the gas of newborn massive galaxies and high iron abundances in QSOs even at redshifts of around 6.

  14. Spectral Distortions at Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Dev; Sanjeev Kumar

    2006-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the effect of the rise in the survival probability of the electron neutrinos with the decrease in the neutrino energy on the recoil electron spectrum at Super-Kamiokande.

  15. Recent Results from Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Sekiya; for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    2008-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent results on the oscillation analyses of solar neutrino and the atmospheric neutrino measurements in Super-Kamiokande are presented. Recent status of the detector is also reported.

  16. Solar Energy A Viable Contributor to Renewables in This vision document has been designed to catalyse engagement and discussion with key

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    Solar Energy ­ A Viable Contributor to Renewables in Scotland This vision document has been in Scotland. #12;Solar Energy ­ A Viable Contributor to Renewables in Scotland _______________________________________________________________________ Executive Summary This document sets out a vision for solar energy in Scotland and is designed to encourage

  17. WEB PUBLISHING APPLICATION FORM: REGISTRATION AS OPENTEXT CMS CONTRIBUTOR This form should be printed and completed by members of staff of the University who wish to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howie, Jim

    WEB PUBLISHING APPLICATION FORM: REGISTRATION AS OPENTEXT CMS CONTRIBUTOR This form should of entering and updating web information using OpenText CMS [Content Management System]. A contributor may only edit an existing web site and create or edit content ready for approval. If you require to approve

  18. Searching for New Physics at SuperB - The Super Flavor Factory

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    David Hitlin

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    SuperB ? a Super Flavor Factory, an electron-positron collider with a luminosity of 1036 cm-2 s-1, can conduct conduct unique sensitive searches for New Physics effects such as lepton flavor violation and new sources of CP violation in the quark and lepton sectors.

  19. Low Energy Neutrino Astronomy in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Smy

    2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Super-Kamiokande is sensitive to neutrino interactions between 4 and 100MeV via elastic scattering and inverse beta decay. I will present Super-Kamiokande's ongoing measurements of solar neutrinos and its searches for supernova neutrinos.

  20. Low Energy Neutrino Astronomy in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smy, Michael

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Super-Kamiokande is sensitive to neutrino interactions between 4 and 100MeV via elastic scattering and inverse beta decay. I will present Super-Kamiokande's ongoing measurements of solar neutrinos and its searches for supernova neutrinos.

  1. Springfield Utility Board- Super Good Cents Manufactured Homes Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Springfield Utility Board offers a $600 incentive for the purchase of a Super Good Cents Manufactured Home. Super Good Cents Manufactured Homes offer improve comfort and efficiency. The...

  2. Super-collimation by axisymmetric photonic crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Purlys, V.; Gailevi?ius, D.; Peckus, M.; Gadonas, R. [Laser Research Center, Department of Quantum Electronics, Vilnius University, Saul?tekio Ave. 10, LT-10222 Vilnius (Lithuania); Maigyte, L. [Departament de Física i Enginyeria Nuclear, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Colom 11, 08222 Terrassa (Spain); Staliunas, K. [Departament de Física i Enginyeria Nuclear, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Colom 11, 08222 Terrassa (Spain); Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Pg. Lluís Companys, 23, 08010 Barcelona (Spain)

    2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose and experimentally show the mechanism of beam super-collimation by axisymmetric photonic crystals, specifically by periodic (in propagation direction) structure of layers of concentric rings. The physical mechanism behind the effect is an inverse scattering cascade of diffracted wave components back into on- and near-axis angular field components, resulting in substantial enhancement of intensity of these components. We explore the super-collimation by numerical calculations and prove it experimentally. We demonstrate experimentally the axial field enhancement up to 7 times in terms of field intensity.

  3. Super Separator | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer. .Energy8 Career DaySunShotSuper HeavySuper

  4. MEASUREMENTS OF ATMOSPHERIC NEUTRINOS IN THE SUPER{KAMIOKANDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    MEASUREMENTS OF ATMOSPHERIC NEUTRINOS IN THE SUPER{KAMIOKANDE DETECTOR Masato Shiozawa 3 On behalf of the Super{Kamiokande Collaboration Kamioka Observatory, ICRR, Univ. of Tokyo Higashi-mozumi, Kamioka.5 kton1year of the Super{Kamiokande detector. Using detailed ux calculations and detec- tor simulations

  5. MEASUREMENTS OF ATMOSPHERIC NEUTRINOS IN THE SUPER--KAMIOKANDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    MEASUREMENTS OF ATMOSPHERIC NEUTRINOS IN THE SUPER--KAMIOKANDE DETECTOR Masato Shiozawa 3 On behalf of the Super--Kamiokande Collaboration Kamioka Observatory, ICRR, Univ. of Tokyo Higashi­mozumi, Kamioka.5 kton1year of the Super--Kamiokande detector. Using detailed flux calculations and detec­ tor

  6. Search for Supernova Relic Neutrino at Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Search for Supernova Relic Neutrino at Super-Kamiokande Takashi Iida Department of Physics, School in detect- ing SRN yet. This thesis describes a search for SRN using Super-Kamiokande (SK), which is a large and encouragement. I would like to express my gratitude to Prof. Y. Suzuki, the spokesperson of the Super-Kamiokande

  7. EVIDENCE FOR NEUTRINO OSCILLATION FROM SUPER-KAMIOKANDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    EVIDENCE FOR NEUTRINO OSCILLATION FROM SUPER-KAMIOKANDE R. Je rey Wilkes Department of Physics, University of Washington Seattle, Washington, USA For the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration 1 Abstract Two independent data samples from a 33.0 kiloton-year 535-day exposure of the Super Kamiokande detector provide

  8. FIRST RESULTS FROM SUPER-KAMIOKANDE Kamioka Observatory,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    FIRST RESULTS FROM SUPER-KAMIOKANDE Y. TOTSUKA Kamioka Observatory, Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, Higashimozumi, Kamioka, Gifu, 506-12 Japan (for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration) A 50,000ton water Cerenkov detector, Super-Kamiokande, has been operational since April 1996

  9. RESULTS FROM SUPER-KAMIOKANDE 3 Yoji Totsuka ya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    1 RESULTS FROM SUPER-KAMIOKANDE 3 Yoji Totsuka ya a Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo 456 Mozumi, Kamioka, Gifu 506-1502, Japan Super-Kamiokande has updated the results#27; level. 1. INTRODUCTION Super-Kamiokande is a multi-purpose experiment and currently solar

  10. Reconstruction Algorithms in the Super--Kamiokande Large Water Cherenkov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Reconstruction Algorithms in the Super--Kamiokande Large Water Cherenkov Detector M. Shiozawa a;1 , On behalf of the Super--Kamiokande Collaboration a Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo; Abstract The Super--Kamiokande experiment, using a large underground water Cherenkov detector, has started

  11. 1013: Results from Super-Kamiokande KaiMartens for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (kai@icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    1013: Results from Super-Kamiokande KaiMartens for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (kai with the Super-Kamiokande detector give pre- liminary new constraints on neutrino oscillation parameters. 4400 The Super-Kamiokande Experiment Super-Kamiokande (SK) is a 50 kt water cherenkov detector built and run

  12. SuperB: A High-Luminosity Asymmetric e+ e- Super Flavor Factory. Conceptual Design Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SuperB Collaboration

    2007-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The physics objectives of SuperB, an asymmetric electron-positron collider with a luminosity above 10^36/cm^2/s are described, together with the conceptual design of a novel low emittance design that achieves this performance with wallplug power comparable to that of the current B Factories, and an upgraded detector capable of doing the physics in the SuperB environment.

  13. Super Kamiokande results: atmospheric and solar neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Ishitsuka; for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    2004-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Atmospheric neutrino and solar neutrino data from the first phase of Super-Kamiokande (SK-I) are presented. The observed data are used to study atmospheric and solar neutrino oscillations. Zenith angle distributions from various atmospheric neutrino data samples are used to estimate the neutrino oscillation parameter region. In addition, a new result of the $L/E$ measurement is presented. A dip in the $L/E$ distribution was observed in the data, as predicted from the sinusoidal flavor transition probability of neutrino oscillation. The energy spectrum and the time variation such as day/night and seasonal differences of solar neutrino flux are measured in Super-Kamiokande. The neutrino oscillation parameters are strongly constrained from those measurements.

  14. FDIRC design for SuperB

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Va'vra, J.; /SLAC; Roberts, D.; /Maryland U.; Ratcliff, B.; /SLAC

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a new design of a focusing DIRC (FDIRC) for the barrel PID at SuperB. The new FDIRC will use a new detector camera attached to the existing BaBar DIRC bar boxes. The camera's double-folded optics, made of solid fused silica, uses two mirrors, one cylindrical, and one flat. The camera's volume is 25-times smaller than the BaBar DIRC stand-off box, and its photon detectors will be 10-times faster than the BaBar DIRC PMTs, ensuring a good protection against backgrounds at SuperB, which is designed to operate at {approx}100-times higher luminosity than BaBar. The detector plane consists of a matrix of H-8500 MaPMTs.

  15. Recent results from Super-Kamiokande

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Himmel, Alexander [Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Collaboration: Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The Super-Kamiokande experiment has collected more than 11 live-years of atmospheric neutrino data. Atmospheric neutrinos cover a wide phase space in both energy and distance travelled, the parameters relevant for studying neutrino oscillations. We present here recent measurements of the three-flavor neutrino oscillation parameters using this atmospheric neutrino data, as well as new limits on mixing with a fourth sterile neutrino state.

  16. The SuperNova Early Warning System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Scholberg

    2008-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A core collapse in the Milky Way will produce an enormous burst of neutrinos in detectors world-wide. Such a burst has the potential to provide an early warning of a supernova's appearance. I will describe the nature of the signal, the sensitivity of current detectors, and SNEWS, the SuperNova Early Warning System, a network designed to alert astronomers as soon as possible after the detected neutrino signal.

  17. The SuperNova Early Warning System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scholberg, K

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A core collapse in the Milky Way will produce an enormous burst of neutrinos in detectors world-wide. Such a burst has the potential to provide an early warning of a supernova's appearance. I will describe the nature of the signal, the sensitivity of current detectors, and SNEWS, the SuperNova Early Warning System, a network designed to alert astronomers as soon as possible after the detected neutrino signal.

  18. Solar Neutrinos with Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael B Smy

    1999-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The discrepancy of the measured solar neutrino flux compared to the predictions of the standard solar model may be explained by the neutrino flavor oscillation hypothesis. A more direct and less model-dependent test of this hypothesis is a measurement of the distortion of the shape of the solar neutrino energy spectrum. Super-Kamiokande studies the energy spectrum of recoil electrons from solar neutrino scattering in water above 5.5 MeV.

  19. Atmospheric Neutrinos at Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Scholberg; for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    1999-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1998, the Super-Kamiokande announced evidence for the observation of neutrino oscillations based on measurements of the atmospheric neutrino flux. This paper presents the updated results for fully and partially-contained events with 736 days of data, as well as upward-going muon results and a global analysis. Preliminary interpretations of the results in terms of various two-flavor oscillation hypotheses are presented.

  20. The SuperNEMO tracking detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Cascella

    2015-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The SuperNEMO detector will search for neutrinoless double beta decay at the Modane Underground Laboratory on the French-Italian border. This decay mode, if observed, would be proof that the neutrino is its own antiparticle, would constitute evidence for total lepton number violation, and could allow a measurement of the absolute neutrino mass. The SuperNEMO experiment is designed to reach a half-life sensitivity of $10^{26}$ years corresponding to an effective Majorana neutrino mass of $50-100~$meV. The SuperNEMO detector design allows complete topological reconstruction of the double beta decay event enabling excellent levels of background rejection. In the event of a discovery, such topological measurements will be vital in determining the nature of the lepton number violating process. This reconstruction will be performed by a gaseous tracking detector, consisting of 2034 drift cells per module operated in Geiger mode. The tracker of the Demonstrator Module is currently under construction in the UK. This paper presents the design of of the tracker, the construction procedure, and the current status of the construction and testing of the tracker cells.

  1. The SuperNEMO tracking detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cascella, M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The SuperNEMO detector will search for neutrinoless double beta decay at the Modane Underground Laboratory on the French-Italian border. This decay mode, if observed, would be proof that the neutrino is its own antiparticle, would constitute evidence for total lepton number violation, and could allow a measurement of the absolute neutrino mass. The SuperNEMO experiment is designed to reach a half-life sensitivity of $10^{26}$ years corresponding to an effective Majorana neutrino mass of $50-100~$meV. The SuperNEMO detector design allows complete topological reconstruction of the double beta decay event enabling excellent levels of background rejection. In the event of a discovery, such topological measurements will be vital in determining the nature of the lepton number violating process. This reconstruction will be performed by a gaseous tracking detector, consisting of 2034 drift cells per module operated in Geiger mode. The tracker of the Demonstrator Module is currently under construction in the UK. This ...

  2. Super Marx Generator for Thermonuclear Ignition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winterberg, Friedwardt

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In ongoing electric pulse power driven inertial confinement fusion experiments, Marx generators are connected in parallel with the target in the center of a ring of the Marx generators. There the currents, not the voltages add up. Instead of connecting a bank of Marx generator in parallel, one may connect them in series, adding up their voltages, not the currents. If, for example, fifty 20 MV Marx generators are connected in series, they would add up to a gigavolt. But to prevent breakdown, the adding up of the voltages in such a super-Marx generator must be fast. For this reason, it is proposed that each of the Marx generators charges up a fast discharge capacitor, with the thusly charged fast capacitors becoming the elements of a second stage super Marx generator. In a super Marx generator, the Marx generators also assume the role of the resistors in the original Marx circuit. With a voltage of 10^9 Volt and a discharge current of 10^7 Ampere, the generation of a 10^16 Watt GeV proton beam becomes possible,...

  3. SuperB Technical Design Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baszczyk, M; Kolodziej, J; Kucewicz, W; Sapor, M; Jeremie, A; Pous, E Grauges; Bruno, G E; De Robertis, G; Diacono, D; Donvito, G; Fusco, P; Gargano, F; Giordano, F; Loddo, F; Loparco, F; Maggi, G P; Manzari, V; Mazziotta, M N; Nappi, E; Palano, A; Santeramo, B; Sgura, I; Silvestris, L; Spinoso, V; Eigen, G; Zalieckas, J; Zhuo, Z; Jenkovszky, L; Balbi, G; Boldini, M; Bonacorsi, D; Cafaro, V; D'Antone, I; Dallavalle, G M; Di Sipio, R; Fabbri, F; Fabbri, L; Gabrielli, A; Galli, D; Giacomelli, P; Giordano, V; Giorgi, F M; Grandi, C; Lax, I; Meo, S Lo; Marconi, U; Montanari, A; Pellegrini, G; Piccinini, M; Rovelli, T; Cesari, N Semprini; Torromeo, G; Tosi, N; Travaglini, R; Vagnoni, V M; Valentinetti, S; Villa, M; Zoccoli, A; Caron, J -F; Hearty, C; Lu, P F -T; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; So, R Y -C; Barnyakov, M Yu; Blinov, V E; Botov, A A; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Kononov, S A; Kravchenko, E A; Levichev, E B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Shtol, D A; Skovpen, Y I; Solodov, E P; Cardini, A; Carpinelli, M; Chao, D S -T; Cheng, C H; Doll, D A; Echenard, B; Flood, K; Hanson, J; Hitlin, D G; Ongmongkolkul, P; Porter, F C; Zhu, R Y; Randazzo, N; Burelo, E De La Cruz; Zheng, Y; Campos, P; De Silva, M; Kathirgamaraju, A; Meadows, B; Pushpawela, B; Shi, Y; Sokoloff, M; Castro, G Lopez; Ciaschini, V; Franchini, P; Giacomini, F; Paolini, A; Polania, G A Calderon; Laczek, S; Romanowicz, P; Szybinski, B; Czuchry, M; Flis, L; Harezlak, D; Kocot, J; Radecki, M; Sterzel, M; Szepieniec, T; Szymocha, T; Wójcik, P; Andreotti, M; Baldini, W; Calabrese, R; Carassiti, V; Cibinetto, G; Ramusino, A Cotta; Evangelisti, F; Gianoli, A; Luppi, E; Malaguti, R; Manzali, M; Melchiorri, M; Munerato, M; Padoan, C; Santoro, V; Tomassetti, L; Beretta, M M; Biagini, M; Boscolo, M; Capitolo, E; de Sangro, R; Esposito, M; Felici, G; Finocchiaro, G; Gatta, M; Gatti, C; Guiducci, S; Lauciani, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I; Piccolo, M; Raimondi, P; Rama, M; Sanelli, C; Tomassini, S; Fabbricatore, P; Delepine, D; Santos, M A Reyes; Chrzaszcz, M; Grzymkowski, R; Knap, P; Kotula, J; Lesiak, T; Ludwin, J; Michalowski, J; Pawlik, B; Rachwal, B; Stodulski, M; Wiechczynski, J; Witek, M; Zawiejski, L; Zdybal, M; Aushev, V Y; Ustynov, A; Arnaud, N; Bambade, P; Beigbeder, C; Bogard, F; Borsato, M; Breton, D; Brossard, J; Burmistrov, L; Charlet, D; Chaumat, V; Dadoun, O; Berni, M El; Maalmi, J; Puill, V; Rimbault, C; Stocchi, A; Tocut, V; Variola, A; Wallon, S; Wormser, G; Grancagnolo, F; Ben-Haim, E; Sitt, S; Baylac, M; Bourrion, O; Deconto, J -M; Martinez, Y Gomez; Monseu, N; Muraz, J -F; Real, J -S; Vescovi, C; Cenci, R; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D; Twedt, E W; Cheaib, R; Lindemann, D; Nderitu, S; Patel, P; Robertson, S H; Swersky, D; Warburton, A; Flores, E Cuautle; Sanchez, G Toledo; Biassoni, P; Bombelli, L; Citterio, M; Coelli, S; Fiorini, C; Liberali, V; Monti, M; Nasri, B; Neri, N; Palombo, F; Sabatini, F; Stabile, A; Berra, A; Giachero, A; Gotti, C; Lietti, D; Maino, M; Pessina, G; Prest, M; Martin, J -P; Simard, M; Starinski, N; Taras, P; Drutskoy, A; Makarychev, S; Nefediev, A V; Aloisio, A; Cavaliere, S; De Nardo, G; Della Pietra, M; Doria, A; Giordano, R; Ordine, A; Pardi, S; Russo, G; Sciacca, C; Bigi, I I; Jessop, C P; Wang, W; Bellato, M; Benettoni, M; Corvo, M; Crescente, A; Corso, F Dal; Dosselli, U; Fanin, C; Gianelle, A; Longo, S; Michelotto, M; Montecassiano, F; Morandin, M; Pengo, R; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simi, G; Stroili, R; Gaioni, L; Manazza, A; Manghisoni, M; Ratti, L; Re, V; Traversi, G; Zucca, S; Bizzaglia, S; Bizzarri, M; Cecchi, C; Germani, S; Lebeau, M; Lubrano, P; Manoni, E; Papi, A; Rossi, A; Scolieri, G; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Casarosa, G; Cervelli, A; Fella, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M; Lilli, L; Lusiani, A; Oberhof, B; Paladino, A; Pantaleo, F; Paoloni, E; Perez, A L Perez; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J; Téllez, A Fernández; Beck, G; Berman, M; Bevan, A; Gannaway, F; Inguglia, G; Martin, A J; Morris, J; Bocci, V; Capodiferro, M; Chiodi, G; Dafinei, I; Drenska, N V; Faccini, R; Ferroni, F; Gargiulo, C; Gauzzi, P; Luci, C; Lunadei, R; Martellotti, G; Pellegrino, F; Pettinacci, V; Pinci, D; Recchia, L; Ruggeri, D; Zullo, A; Camarri, P; Cardarelli, R; De Santis, C; Di Ciaccio, A; Di Felice, V; Di Palma, F; Di Simone, A; Marcelli, L; Messi, R; Moricciani, D; Sparvoli, R; Tammaro, S; Branchini, P; Budano, A; Bussino, S; Ciuchini, M; Nguyen, F; Passeri, A; Ruggieri, F; Spiriti, E; Wilson, F; Monzon, I Leon; Millan-Almaraz, J R; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Aston, D; Dey, B; Fisher, A; Jackson, P D; Leith, D W G S; Luitz, S; MacFarlane, D; McCulloch, M; Metcalfe, S; Novokhatski, A; Osier, S; Prepost, R; Ratcliff, B; Seeman, J; Sullivan, M; Va'vra, J; Wienands, U; Wisniewski, W; Altschul, B D; Purohit, M V; Baudot, J; Ripp-Baudot, I; Cirrone, G A P; Cuttone, G; Bezshyyko, O; Dolinska, G; Soffer, A

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this Technical Design Report (TDR) we describe the SuperB detector that was to be installed on the SuperB e+e- high luminosity collider. The SuperB asymmetric collider, which was to be constructed on the Tor Vergata campus near the INFN Frascati National Laboratory, was designed to operate both at the Upsilon(4S) center-of-mass energy with a luminosity of 10^{36} cm^{-2}s^{-1} and at the tau/charm production threshold with a luminosity of 10^{35} cm^{-2}s^{-1}. This high luminosity, producing a data sample about a factor 100 larger than present B Factories, would allow investigation of new physics effects in rare decays, CP Violation and Lepton Flavour Violation. This document details the detector design presented in the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) in 2007. The R&D and engineering studies performed to arrive at the full detector design are described, and an updated cost estimate is presented. A combination of a more realistic cost estimates and the unavailability of funds due of the global economic ...

  4. SuperB Technical Design Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SuperB Collaboration; M. Baszczyk; P. Dorosz; J. Kolodziej; W. Kucewicz; M. Sapor; A. Jeremie; E. Grauges Pous; G. E. Bruno; G. De Robertis; D. Diacono; G. Donvito; P. Fusco; F. Gargano; F. Giordano; F. Loddo; F. Loparco; G. P. Maggi; V. Manzari; M. N. Mazziotta; E. Nappi; A. Palano; B. Santeramo; I. Sgura; L. Silvestris; V. Spinoso; G. Eigen; J. Zalieckas; Z. Zhuo; L. Jenkovszky; G. Balbi; M. Boldini; D. Bonacorsi; V. Cafaro; I. D'Antone; G. M. Dallavalle; R. Di Sipio; F. Fabbri; L. Fabbri; A. Gabrielli; D. Galli; P. Giacomelli; V. Giordano; F. M. Giorgi; C. Grandi; I. Lax; S. Lo Meo; U. Marconi; A. Montanari; G. Pellegrini; M. Piccinini; T. Rovelli; N. Semprini Cesari; G. Torromeo; N. Tosi; R. Travaglini; V. M. Vagnoni; S. Valentinetti; M. Villa; A. Zoccoli; J. -F. Caron; C. Hearty; P. F. -T. Lu; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; R. Y. -C. So; M. Yu. Barnyakov; V. E. Blinov; A. A. Botov; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; S. A. Kononov; E. A. Kravchenko; E. B. Levichev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; D. A. Shtol; Y. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; A. Cardini; M. Carpinelli; D. S. -T. Chao; C. H. Cheng; D. A. Doll; B. Echenard; K. Flood; J. Hanson; D. G. Hitlin; P. Ongmongkolkul; F. C. Porter; R. Y. Zhu; N. Randazzo; E. De La Cruz Burelo; Y. Zheng; P. Campos; M. De Silva; A. Kathirgamaraju; B. Meadows; B. Pushpawela; Y. Shi; M. Sokoloff; G. Lopez Castro; V. Ciaschini; P. Franchini; F. Giacomini; A. Paolini; G. A. Calderon Polania; S. Laczek; P. Romanowicz; B. Szybinski; M. Czuchry; L. Flis; D. Harezlak; J. Kocot; M. Radecki; M. Sterzel; T. Szepieniec; T. Szymocha; P. Wójcik; M. Andreotti; W. Baldini; R. Calabrese; V. Carassiti; G. Cibinetto; A. Cotta Ramusino; F. Evangelisti; A. Gianoli; E. Luppi; R. Malaguti; M. Manzali; M. Melchiorri; M. Munerato; C. Padoan; V. Santoro; L. Tomassetti; M. M. Beretta; M. Biagini; M. Boscolo; E. Capitolo; R. de Sangro; M. Esposito; G. Felici; G. Finocchiaro; M. Gatta; C. Gatti; S. Guiducci; S. Lauciani; P. Patteri; I. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; P. Raimondi; M. Rama; C. Sanelli; S. Tomassini; P. Fabbricatore; D. Delepine; M. A. Reyes Santos; M. Chrzaszcz; R. Grzymkowski; P. Knap; J. Kotula; T. Lesiak; J. Ludwin; J. Michalowski; B. Pawlik; B. Rachwal; M. Stodulski; J. Wiechczynski; M. Witek; L. Zawiejski; M. Zdybal; V. Y. Aushev; A. Ustynov; N. Arnaud; P. Bambade; C. Beigbeder; F. Bogard; M. Borsato; D. Breton; J. Brossard; L. Burmistrov; D. Charlet; V. Chaumat; O. Dadoun; M. El Berni; J. Maalmi; V. Puill; C. Rimbault; A. Stocchi; V. Tocut; A. Variola; S. Wallon; G. Wormser; F. Grancagnolo; E. Ben-Haim; S. Sitt; M. Baylac; O. Bourrion; J. -M. Deconto; Y. Gomez Martinez; N. Monseu; J. -F. Muraz; J. -S. Real; C. Vescovi; R. Cenci; A. Jawahery; D. Roberts; E. W. Twedt; R. Cheaib; D. Lindemann; S. Nderitu; P. Patel; S. H. Robertson; D. Swersky; A. Warburton; E. Cuautle Flores; G. Toledo Sanchez; P. Biassoni; L. Bombelli; M. Citterio; S. Coelli; C. Fiorini; V. Liberali; M. Monti; B. Nasri; N. Neri; F. Palombo; F. Sabatini; A. Stabile; A. Berra; A. Giachero; C. Gotti; D. Lietti; M. Maino; G. Pessina; M. Prest; J. -P. Martin; M. Simard; N. Starinski; P. Taras; A. Drutskoy; S. Makarychev; A. V. Nefediev; A. Aloisio; S. Cavaliere; G. De Nardo; M. Della Pietra; A. Doria; R. Giordano; A. Ordine; S. Pardi; G. Russo; C. Sciacca; I. I. Bigi; C. P. Jessop; W. Wang; M. Bellato; M. Benettoni; M. Corvo; A. Crescente; F. Dal Corso; U. Dosselli; C. Fanin; A. Gianelle; S. Longo; M. Michelotto; F. Montecassiano; M. Morandin; R. Pengo; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; G. Simi; R. Stroili; L. Gaioni; A. Manazza; M. Manghisoni; L. Ratti; V. Re; G. Traversi; S. Zucca; S. Bizzaglia; M. Bizzarri; C. Cecchi; S. Germani; M. Lebeau; P. Lubrano; E. Manoni; A. Papi; A. Rossi; G. Scolieri; G. Batignani; S. Bettarini; G. Casarosa; A. Cervelli; A. Fella; F. Forti; M. Giorgi; L. Lilli; A. Lusiani; B. Oberhof; A. Paladino; F. Pantaleo; E. Paoloni; A. L. Perez Perez; G. Rizzo; J. Walsh; A. Fernández Téllez; G. Beck; M. Berman; A. Bevan; F. Gannaway; G. Inguglia; A. J. Martin; J. Morris; V. Bocci; M. Capodiferro; G. Chiodi; I. Dafinei; N. V. Drenska; R. Faccini; F. Ferroni; C. Gargiulo; P. Gauzzi; C. Luci; R. Lunadei; G. Martellotti; F. Pellegrino; V. Pettinacci; D. Pinci; L. Recchia; D. Ruggeri; A. Zullo; P. Camarri; R. Cardarelli; C. De Santis; A. Di Ciaccio; V. Di Felice; F. Di Palma; A. Di Simone; L. Marcelli; R. Messi; D. Moricciani; R. Sparvoli; S. Tammaro; P. Branchini; A. Budano; S. Bussino; M. Ciuchini; F. Nguyen; A. Passeri; F. Ruggieri; E. Spiriti; F. Wilson; I. Leon Monzon; J. R. Millan-Almaraz; P. L. M. Podesta-Lerma; D. Aston; B. Dey; A. Fisher; P. D. Jackson; D. W. G. S. Leith; S. Luitz; D. MacFarlane; M. McCulloch; S. Metcalfe; A. Novokhatski; S. Osier; R. Prepost; B. Ratcliff; J. Seeman; M. Sullivan; J. Va'vra; U. Wienands; W. Wisniewski; B. D. Altschul

    2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    In this Technical Design Report (TDR) we describe the SuperB detector that was to be installed on the SuperB e+e- high luminosity collider. The SuperB asymmetric collider, which was to be constructed on the Tor Vergata campus near the INFN Frascati National Laboratory, was designed to operate both at the Upsilon(4S) center-of-mass energy with a luminosity of 10^{36} cm^{-2}s^{-1} and at the tau/charm production threshold with a luminosity of 10^{35} cm^{-2}s^{-1}. This high luminosity, producing a data sample about a factor 100 larger than present B Factories, would allow investigation of new physics effects in rare decays, CP Violation and Lepton Flavour Violation. This document details the detector design presented in the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) in 2007. The R&D and engineering studies performed to arrive at the full detector design are described, and an updated cost estimate is presented. A combination of a more realistic cost estimates and the unavailability of funds due of the global economic climate led to a formal cancelation of the project on Nov 27, 2012.

  5. Study of Solar Neutrinos at Super Kamiokande Yusuke Koshio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Study of Solar Neutrinos at Super Kamiokande Yusuke Koshio University of Tokyo April 1998 #12;Abstract Super-Kamiokande started taking data on the 1st of April in 1996. The data used for the analysis. The observed 8B solar neutrino ux in Super-Kamiokande is 2:42 +0:06 ,0:06stat: +0:13 ,0:09sys: 106=cm2=sec

  6. Study of Solar Neutrinos at Super Kamiokande Yusuke Koshio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Study of Solar Neutrinos at Super Kamiokande Yusuke Koshio University of Tokyo April 1998 #12; Abstract Super­Kamiokande started taking data on the 1st of April in 1996. The data used for the analysis. The observed 8 B solar neutrino flux in Super­Kamiokande is 2:42 +0:06 \\Gamma0:06 (stat:) +0:13 \\Gamma0:09 (sys

  7. Introduction to Measurement and Verification for DOE Super ESPC...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and verification is conducted in super energy savings performance contracts (ESPC) projects. Topics include allocating project risk, steps to verify savings, and M&V...

  8. Appendix C: DOE Super-ESPC Project Acceptance Guidelines and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Guidelines, Checklist, and Contract Clauses for Government Acceptance of DOE Super-ESPC Projects ECM Installation: All ECMs are installed in accordance with plans,...

  9. U.S. DRIVE Highlights of Technical Accomplishments 2011: Super...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2011 U.S. DRIVE Highlight Advanced Combustion and Emission Control 2011 Super Duty Diesel Truck with NO x Aftertreatment Diesel engine aftertreatment: Minimizing NO x emissions...

  10. Example Measurement & Verification Plan for a Super ESPC Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Report features a comprehensive measurement and verification (M&V) plan for a fictitious super energy savings performance contract (ESPC) project.

  11. Task Order Price Evaluation Worksheet for SUPER ESPC | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Document provides a worksheet for evaluating price for a task order as part of a Super Energy Savings Performance Contract (ESPC). priceevalworksheet.doc More Documents &...

  12. Volvo SuperTruck - Powertrain Technologies for Efficiency Improvement...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    SuperTruck - Powertrain Technologies for Efficiency Improvement 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

  13. Five Years of Neutrino Physics with Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. B. Smy

    2002-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Using data from both solar and atmospheric neutrinos, Super-Kamiokande has provided fundamental information on neutrino flavor mixing and neutrino mass square differences.

  14. Cummins SuperTruck Program - Technology and System Level Demonstration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Program - Technology and System Level Demonstration of Highly Efficient and Clean, Diesel Powered Class 8 Trucks Cummins SuperTruck Program - Technology and System Level...

  15. DOE SuperTruck utilizes ORNL technology to boost fuel economy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Media Relations 865.574.4165 DOE SuperTruck utilizes ORNL technology to boost fuel economy DOE SuperTruck DOE SuperTruck (hi-res image) Listen to the audio The Department of...

  16. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, First Direct Evidence for Matter Enhanced Neutrino Oscillation, Using Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    , Using Super-Kamiokande Solar Neutrino Data DISSERTATION submitted in partial satisfaction Experiments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.4.4 The Super-Kamiokande Experiment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 3 The Super-Kamiokande Experiment 38 3.1 Experimental Overview

  17. From super beams to neutrino factories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bross, Alan; /Fermilab

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Neutrino Factory, which produces an extremely intense source of flavor-tagged neutrinos from muon decays in a storage ring, arguably gives the best physics reach for CP violation, as well as virtually all parameters in the neutrino oscillation parameter space. I will briefly describe the physics capabilities of the baseline Neutrino Factory as compared to other possible future facilities ({beta}-beam and super-beam facilities), give an overview of the accelerator complex and describe in detail the current international R&D program.

  18. Quantum-entanglement-initiated super Raman scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agarwal, G. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)

    2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    It has now been possible to prepare a chain of ions in an entangled state and thus the question arises: How will the optical properties of a chain of entangled ions differ from say a chain of independent particles? We investigate nonlinear optical processes in such chains. Since light scattering is quite a versatile technique to probe matter, we explicitly demonstrate the possibility of entanglement-produced super Raman scattering. Our results suggest the possibility of similar enhancement factors in other nonlinear processes like four-wave mixing.

  19. Super Heavy Element Discovery | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer. .Energy8 Career DaySunShotSuper Heavy Element

  20. SuperComputing | Energy Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer. .Energy8 Career DaySunShotSuper Energy

  1. SuperComputing | Future Technology | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer. .Energy8 Career DaySunShotSuper Energy

  2. SuperPower Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar Jump to:Holdings Co Ltd Place: Wuxi, JiangsuSunwattSupai,SuperPower

  3. Super-connections and non-commutative Victor Nistor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nistor, Victor

    Super-connections and non-commutative geometry Victor Nistor Pennsylvania State University superconnections extends to arbitrary oper- ators with functional calculus. We thus remove the condition of the Chern character of a difference bundle defined using super-connections with the classical definition

  4. Solar neutrino measurements in Super-Kamiokande-I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    2005-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The details of Super--Kamiokande--I's solar neutrino analysis are given. Solar neutrino measurement in Super--Kamiokande is a high statistics collection of $^8$B solar neutrinos via neutrino-electron scattering. The analysis method and results of the 1496 day data sample are presented. The final oscillation results for the data are also presented.

  5. Fixed Space of Positive Trace-Preserving Super-Operators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ansis Rosmanis

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the fixed space of positive trace-preserving super-operators. We describe a specific structure that this space must have and what the projection onto it must look like. We show how these results, in turn, lead to an alternative proof of the complete characterization of the fixed space of completely positive trace-preserving super-operators.

  6. EIS-0138-S: Superconducting Super Collider, Supplemental, Waxahatchie, Texas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy developed this supplementary statement to analyze the environmental impacts of design modifications to the Superconducting Super Collider that were made following the publication of the Record of Decision that selected Ellis County, Texas, as the location of the laboratory facility. This statement supplements DOE/EIS-0138, Superconducting Super Collider.

  7. Focusing DIRC Design for Super B

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Va'Vra, J.; /SLAC

    2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we present a new design of the Focusing DIRC for the Barrel PID to be used at the proposed Super-B factory. The new imaging optics is made of a solid Fused Silica block with a double folded optics using two mirrors, one cylindrical and one flat, focusing photons on a detector plane conveniently accessible for the detector access. The design assumes that the BaBar bar boxes are re-used without any modification, including the wedges and windows. Each bar box will have its own focusing block, which will contain 40 H-9500 (or H-8500) MaPMTs according to present thinking. There are 12 bar boxes in the entire detector, so the entire SuperB FDIRC system would have 480 MaPMTs. The design is very compact and therefore reduces sensitivity to the background. The chosen MaPMTs are fast enough to be able both to reject the background and to perform the chromatic correction. The 3D optics simulation is coded with the Mathematica program. The work in this paper was a basis of the LDRD proposal made to SLAC in 2009 [1].

  8. NEMO 3 And SuperNEMO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sutton, C. Sean [Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, Massachusetts 01075 (United States)

    2006-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The NEMO 3 double beta decay detector has been running since February 2003. The first runs identified an unexpected abundance of radon within the detector. The successful solution to this problem is presented here. No evidence of neutrinoless double beta decay has been observed. The current limits are T{sub (1/2)}{sup 0{nu}} ({sup 100}Mo) > 5.8 x 10{sup 23}y and T{sub (1/2)}{sup 0{nu}} ({sup 82}Se) > 2.1 x 10{sup 23}y. The anticipated limits on neutrinoless double beta decay in five years for NEMO 3 are also presented. The design criterion for the next generation detector, SuperNEMO, are spelled out with restrictions on its resolution and radiopurity. The intended sensitivity for SuperNEMO, is to reach 1 to 2 x 1026y or an effective neutrino mass of 50 meV in 10 years, so as to probe the inverted neutrino mass hierarchy.

  9. Super-KMS functionals for graded-local conformal nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robin Hillier

    2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by a few preceding papers and a question of R. Longo, we introduce super-KMS functionals for graded translation-covariant nets over R with superderivations, roughly speaking as a certain supersymmetric modification of classical KMS states on translation-covariant nets over R, fundamental objects in chiral algebraic quantum field theory. Although we are able to make a few statements concerning their general structure, most properties will be studied in the setting of specific graded-local (super-) conformal models. In particular, we provide a constructive existence and partial uniqueness proof of super-KMS functionals for the supersymmetric free field, for certain subnets, and for the super-Virasoro net with central charge c>= 3/2. Moreover, as a separate result, we classify bounded super-KMS functionals for graded-local conformal nets over S^1 with respect to rotations.

  10. ProClim-Flash | No 57, June 201318 Figure 1: Swiss CH4 fluxes from (a) anthropogenic (agriculture, energy, waste) and (b) natural contributors (wetlands, lakes and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , energy, waste) and (b) natural contributors (wetlands, lakes and reservoirs, wild animals, forest uptake. company Meteotest for the year 2007. This inven- tory has now been updated for 2011 and extended with new hydroelectric res- ervoirs are included. The agricultural sector with its emissions from ruminants and manure

  11. Mixing times via super-fast coupling Mixing times via super-fast coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kovchegov, Yevgeniy

    (n)) with cut-off asymptotics at 1 2 n log(n). Method used: relatively rarified mathematical residential be improved to match O(n log n) Transpositions a , b called label-to-label. #12;logo Mixing times via super is group invariant if dist(Xm+1|Xm = ) = dist(Xm+1|Xm = -1 ) for all , Sn. In other words, label-to-label

  12. Super Fast and Quality Azimuth Disambiguation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudenko, G V

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper presents the possibility of fast and quality azimuth disambiguation of vector magnetogram data regardless of location on the solar disc. The new Super Fast and Quality (SFQ) code of disambiguation is tried out on well-known models of Metcalf et al. (2006), Leka et al. (2009) and artificial model of fixed configuration AR 10930 (Rudenko et al., 2010). We make comparison of Hinode SOT SP vector magnetograms of AR 10930 disambiguated with three codes: SFQ, NPFC (Georgoulis, 2005), and SME (Rudenko et al., 2010). We exemplify the SFQ disambiguation of SDO/HMI measurements of the full disc. The preliminary examination indicates that the SFQ algorithm provides better quality than NPFC and is comparable to SME. In contrast to other codes, SFQ supports relatively high quality of results regardless of the magnetogram proximity to the limb (when being very close to the limb, it is efficient unlike all other algorithms).

  13. Super Luminous Supernova and Gamma Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shlomo Dado; Arnon Dar

    2012-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We use a simple analytical model to derive a closed form expression for the bolometric light-curve of super-luminus supernovae (SLSNe) powered by a plastic collision between the fast ejecta from core collapse supernovae (SNe) of types Ib/c and IIn and slower massive circum-stellar shells, ejected during the late stage of the life of their progenitor stars preceding the SN explosion. We demonstrate that this expression reproduces well the bolometric luminosity of SLSNe with and without an observed gamma ray burst (GRB), and requires only a modest amount ($M < 0.1\\,M_\\odot$) of radioactive $^{56}$Ni synthesized in the SN explosion in order to explain their late-time luminosity. Long duration GRBs can be produced by ordinary SNe of type Ic rather than by 'hypernovae' - a subclass of superenergetic SNeIb/c.

  14. Solar Neutrino Results from Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. B. Smy; the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    2002-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Super-Kamiokande has measured the solar neutrino flux using elastic neutrino-electron scattering in water. The measured flux is $2.32\\pm0.03$(stat)$^{+0.08}_{-0.07}$(syst)$\\times10^6$/(cm$^2$s) based on the energy range of 5 to 20 MeV for the recoiling electron. The time-dependence and energy spectrum of the recoiling electrons were studied to search for two-neutrino oscillation signatures. The absence of either significant zenith angle flux variation or distortions of the recoil electron spectrum places strong constraints on neutrino mass difference and mixing. In combination with the flux measurement, two allowed regions at large mixing are found.

  15. The JASMIN super-data-cluster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, B N; Churchill, J; Juckes, M; Kershaw, P; Oliver, P; Pritchard, M; Stephens, A

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The JASMIN super-data-cluster is being deployed to support the data analysis requirements of the UK and European climate and earth system modelling community. Physical colocation of the core JASMIN resource with significant components of the facility for Climate and Environmental Monitoring from Space (CEMS) provides additional support for the earth observation community, as well as facilitating further comparison and evaluation of models with data. JASMIN and CEMS together centrally deploy 9.3 PB of storage - 4.6 PB of Panasas fast disk storage alongside the STFC Atlas Tape Store. Over 370 computing cores provide local computation. Remote JASMIN resources at Bristol, Leeds and Reading provide additional distributed storage and compute configured to support local workflow as a stepping stone to using the central JASMIN system. Fast network links from JASMIN provide reliable communication between the UK supercomputers MONSooN (at the Met Office) and HECToR (at the University of Edinburgh). JASMIN also supports...

  16. Super-renormalizable & Finite Gravitational Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonardo Modesto; Leslaw Rachwal

    2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We hereby introduce and extensively study a class of non-polynomial higher derivative theories of gravity that realize a ultraviolet (UV) completion of Einstein general relativity. These theories are unitary (ghost free) and at most only one-loop divergences survive. The outcome is a class of theories super-renormalizable in even dimension and finite in odd dimension. Moreover, we explicitly prove in D=4 that there exists an extension of the theory that is completely finite and all the beta functions vanish even at one-loop. These results can be easily extended in extra dimensions and it is likely that the higher dimensional theory can be made finite too. Therefore we have the possibility for "finite quantum gravity" in any dimension.

  17. About the Contributors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for  the  Blind  in  Harrisburg,  Pennsylvania.  He teaches English at Harrisburg Area Community College.  

  18. Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyche, Tom

    and Local Linear Independence Esmeralda Mainar and Juan Manuel Pe~na . . . . . . . . . . . . 283 Local

  19. Mester XXXIX Contributors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N/A

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploring the Margins of Patagonia in Chilean Literature,century in southern Patagonia. She has published articles on

  20. Contributors 20:2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    architecture and urbanism, whose primary interest is in projects that speculate on a more sustainable andsustainable urban design. Ray Green is an associate professor of landscape architecture

  1. Contributors 20:1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    architecture, historic preservation, and community revitalization. He lectures nationally on historic preservation and sustainable

  2. About the Contributors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    U.S. African Americans, Haiti, and Pan Americanism, 1870–and the editor of The Idea of Haiti: Rethinking Crisis and

  3. Measurement of radon concentrations at Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Super-Kamiokade Collaboration; :; Y. Takeuchi et al

    1999-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Radioactivity from radon is a major background for observing solar neutrinos at Super-Kamiokande. In this paper, we describe the measurement of radon concentrations at Super-Kamiokande, the method of radon reduction, and the radon monitoring system. The measurement shows that the current low-energy event rate between 5.0 MeV and 6.5 MeV implies a radon concentration in the Super-Kamiokande water of less than 1.4 mBq/m$^3$.

  4. Study of the neutrino mass hierarchy with the atmospheric neutrino data observed in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Study of the neutrino mass hierarchy with the atmospheric neutrino data observed in Super-Kamiokande analysis carried out with Super- Kamiokande atmospheric neutrino data in order to obtain information-neutrino enriched event samples from the Super-Kamiokande atmospheric neutrino data. Super-Kamiokande is a 50 kton

  5. Atmospheric neutrino oscillation analysis with solar terms in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Atmospheric neutrino oscillation analysis with solar terms in Super-Kamiokande Yumiko Takenaga neutrino events in Super-Kamiokande. In this thesis, the atmospheric neutrino data from the Super-Kamiokande-I (1996-2001) and Super- Kamiokande-II (2003-2005) are summarized and used in the oscillation analysis

  6. Observation of Atmospheric Neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande and a Neutrino Oscillation Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Observation of Atmospheric Neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande and a Neutrino Oscillation Analysis-GeV energy region using Super-Kamiokande detector. Total exposure of the Super-Kamiokande detector amounts.Totsuka, the leader of the Super-Kamiokande experi- ment, Prof. Y.Suzuki and Prof. M.Nakahata. They gave me many

  7. Introduction to Measurement & Verification for DOE Super ESPC Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An overview of why and how M&V is conducted in Super ESPC projects. Topics include allocating project risk, steps to verify savings, and M&V plans and reports.

  8. First Regional Super ESPC a Success on Kodiak Island, Alaska...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    at Kodiak Island helped pave the way for additional Super ESPC projects at other agencies. "For these projects to be successful, the agency needs to be committed at the site...

  9. SuperTruck Initiative Partner Improves Class 8 Truck Efficiency...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    their efficiency is essential to increasing energy security and reducing carbon pollution. If all Class 8 trucks used SuperTruck technologies, we could lower oil use by an...

  10. SNEWS: The SuperNova Early Warning System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antonioli, P

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides a technical description of the SuperNova Early Warning System (SNEWS), an international network of experiments with the goal of providing an early warning of a galactic supernova.

  11. SNEWS: The SuperNova Early Warning System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Antonioli

    2004-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides a technical description of the SuperNova Early Warning System (SNEWS), an international network of experiments with the goal of providing an early warning of a galactic supernova.

  12. Green Supers Graduate Prepared to Make NYC More Energy Efficient

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Secretary Chu delivered the graduation address for the Green Supers program in New York City. The 40-hour program teaches building superintendents everything they need to know about green building operations and maintenance.

  13. Introduction to Measurement and Verification for DOE Super ESPC Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Document offers an overview of why and how measurement and verification is conducted in super energy savings performance contracts (ESPC) projects. Topics include allocating project risk, steps to verify savings, and M&V plans and reports.

  14. A braided monoidal category for free super-bosons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Runkel, Ingo, E-mail: ingo.runkel@uni-hamburg.de [Fachbereich Mathematik, Universität Hamburg, Bundesstraße 55, 20146 Hamburg (Germany)] [Fachbereich Mathematik, Universität Hamburg, Bundesstraße 55, 20146 Hamburg (Germany)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The chiral conformal field theory of free super-bosons is generated by weight one currents whose mode algebra is the affinisation of an abelian Lie super-algebra h with non-degenerate super-symmetric pairing. The mode algebras of a single free boson and of a single pair of symplectic fermions arise for even|odd dimension 1|0 and 0|2 of h, respectively. In this paper, the representations of the untwisted mode algebra of free super-bosons are equipped with a tensor product, a braiding, and an associator. In the symplectic fermion case, i.e., if h is purely odd, the braided monoidal structure is extended to representations of the Z/2Z-twisted mode algebra. The tensor product is obtained by computing spaces of vertex operators. The braiding and associator are determined by explicit calculations from three- and four-point conformal blocks.

  15. Columbia Water and Light- Commercial Super Saver Loans

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Columbia Water and Light (CWL) provides Commercial Super Saver Loans, which allow C&I rate customers to replace a furnace along with a new central air conditioner or heat pump with an...

  16. An Indirect Search for WIMPs with Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Habig; for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    2001-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A potential source of high energy neutrinos is the annihilation of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) collecting in gravitational potential wells such as the centers of the Earth, the Sun, or the Galaxy. A search for such a WIMP annihilation signal using the Super-Kamiokande (Super-K) detector is presented. Super-K observes 1.1 upward through-going muons per day. These events are caused by high energy (typical E_nu ~ 100 GeV) nu_mu interactions in the rock under the detector, and are generally consistent with the expected flux from atmospheric neutrinos. No enhancement of the neutrino signal due to WIMP annihilation is seen, so upper limits on the possible flux of WIMPS are set. These limits are compared to those from other such indirect searches, and a model-independent method is used to compare the Super-K results with direct-detection WIMP experiments.

  17. L Prize™: The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This September 23, 2008 webcast provided an overview of the Bright Tomorrow Lighting Prize (L Prize) technology competition. The L Prize calls for super-efficient SSL products to replace two of the...

  18. Columbia Water and Light- Residential Super Saver Loans

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Columbia Water and Light (CWL) Home Performance Super Saver Loan allows Columbia residents to finance energy improvements to homes with affordable, low interest loans with five to ten year...

  19. Y-12 and the super enriched Uranium 235?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    "super enriched Uranium 235" Ken Bernander called me to say that he had read in the newspaper about the 100 milligrams of uranium oxide that is 99.999% U-235. He was chuckling when...

  20. Broadband super-collimation in a hybrid photonic crystal structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamam, Rafif E.

    We propose a two dimensional (2D) photonic crystal (PhC) structure that supports super-collimation over a large frequency range (over 4 times that of a traditional square lattice of holes). We theoretically and numerically ...

  1. Super-Kamiokande data and atmospheric neutrino decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; A. Marrone; G. Scioscia

    1999-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino decay has been proposed as a possible solution to the atmospheric neutrino anomaly, in the light of the recent data from the Super-Kamiokande experiment. We investigate this hypothesis by means of a quantitative analysis of the zenith angle distributions of neutrino events in Super-Kamiokande, including the latest (45 kTy) data. We find that the neutrino decay hypothesis fails to reproduce the observed distributions of muons.

  2. SuperB Progress Report for Accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biagini, M.E.; Boni, R.; Boscolo, M.; Buonomo, B.; Demma, T.; Drago, A.; Esposito, M.; Guiducci, S.; Mazzitelli, G.; Pellegrino, L.; Preger, M.A.; Raimondi, P.; Ricci, R.; Rotundo, U.; Sanelli, C.; Serio, M.; Stella, A.; Tomassini, S.; Zobov, M.; /Frascati; Bertsche, K.; Brachman, A.; /SLAC /Novosibirsk, IYF /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /Orsay, LAL /Annecy, LAPP /LPSC, Grenoble /IRFU, SPP, Saclay /DESY /Cockroft Inst. Accel. Sci. Tech. /U. Liverpool /CERN

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This report details the progress made in by the SuperB Project in the area of the Collider since the publication of the SuperB Conceptual Design Report in 2007 and the Proceedings of SuperB Workshop VI in Valencia in 2008. With this document we propose a new electron positron colliding beam accelerator to be built in Italy to study flavor physics in the B-meson system at an energy of 10 GeV in the center-of-mass. This facility is called a high luminosity B-factory with a project name 'SuperB'. This project builds on a long history of successful e+e- colliders built around the world, as illustrated in Figure 1.1. The key advances in the design of this accelerator come from recent successes at the DAFNE collider at INFN in Frascati, Italy, at PEP-II at SLAC in California, USA, and at KEKB at KEK in Tsukuba Japan, and from new concepts in beam manipulation at the interaction region (IP) called 'crab waist'. This new collider comprises of two colliding beam rings, one at 4.2 GeV and one at 6.7 GeV, a common interaction region, a new injection system at full beam energies, and one of the two beams longitudinally polarized at the IP. Most of the new accelerator techniques needed for this collider have been achieved at other recently completed accelerators including the new PETRA-3 light source at DESY in Hamburg (Germany) and the upgraded DAFNE collider at the INFN laboratory at Frascati (Italy), or during design studies of CLIC or the International Linear Collider (ILC). The project is to be designed and constructed by a worldwide collaboration of accelerator and engineering staff along with ties to industry. To save significant construction costs, many components from the PEP-II collider at SLAC will be recycled and used in this new accelerator. The interaction region will be designed in collaboration with the particle physics detector to guarantee successful mutual use. The accelerator collaboration will consist of several groups at present universities and national laboratories. In Italy these may include INFN Frascati and the University of Pisa, in the United States SLAC, LBNL, BNL and several universities, in France IN2P3, LAPP, and Grenoble, in Russia BINP, in Poland Krakow University, and in the UK the Cockcroft Institute. The construction time for this collider is a total of about four years. The new tunnel can be bored in about a year. The new accelerator components can be built and installed in about 4 years. The shipping of components from PEP-II at SLAC to Italy will take about a year. A new linac and damping ring complex for the injector for the rings can be built in about three years. The commissioning of this new accelerator will take about a year including the new electron and positron sources, new linac, new damping ring, new beam transport lines, two new collider rings and the Interaction Region. The new particle physics detector can be commissioned simultaneously with the accelerator. Once beam collisions start for particle physics, the luminosity will increase with time, likely reaching full design specifications after about two to three years of operation. After construction, the operation of the collider will be the responsibility of the Italian INFN governmental agency. The intent is to run this accelerator about ten months each year with about one month for accelerator turn-on and nine months for colliding beams. The collider will need to operate for about 10 years to provide the required 50 ab{sup -1} requested by the detector collaboration. Both beams as anticipated in this collider will have properties that are excellent for use as sources for synchrotron radiation (SR). The expected photon properties are comparable to those of PETRA-3 or NSLS-II. The beam lines and user facilities needed to carry out this SR program are being investigated.

  3. Solar neutrino analysis of Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroyuki Sekiya; for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    2013-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Super-Kamiokande-IV data taking began in September of 2008, and with upgraded electronics and improvements to water system dynamics, calibration and analysis techniques, a clear solar neutrino signal could be extracted at recoil electron kinetic energies as low as 3.5 MeV. The SK-IV extracted solar neutrino flux between 3.5 and 19.5 MeV is found to be (2.36$\\pm$0.02(stat.)$\\pm$0.04(syst.))$\\times 10^6$ /(cm$^2$sec). The SK combined recoil electron energy spectrum favors distortions predicted by standard neutrino flavour oscillation parameters over a flat suppression at 1$\\sigma$ level. A maximum likelihood fit to the amplitude of the expected solar zenith angle variation of the elastic neutrino-electron scattering rate in SK, results in a day/night asymmetry of $-3.2\\pm1.1$(stat.)$\\pm$0.5(syst.)$%$. The 2.7 $\\sigma$ significance of non-zero asymmetry is the first indication of the regeneration of electron type solar neutrinos as they travel through Earth's matter. A fit to all solar neutrino data and KamLAND yields $\\sin^2 \\theta_{12} = 0.304 \\pm 0.013$, $\\sin^2 \\theta_{13} = 0.031^{+0.017}_{-0.015}$ and $\\Delta m^2_{21} = 7.45^{+0.20}_{-0.19} \\times 10^{-5} {\\rm eV}^2$.

  4. Solar Neutrino Results from Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew Renshaw

    2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Super-Kamiokande-IV (SK-IV) data taking began in September of 2008, after upgrading the electronics and data acquisition system. Due to these upgrades and improvements to water system dynamics, calibration and analysis techniques, a solar neutrino signal could be extracted at recoil electron kinetic energies as low as 3.5 MeV. When the SK-IV data is combined with the previous three SK phases, the SK extracted solar neutrino flux is found to be $[2.37\\pm0.015\\mbox{(stat.)}\\pm0.04\\mbox{(syst.)}]\\times10^6$/(cm$^{2}$sec). The combination of the SK recoil electron energy spectra slightly favors distortions due to a changing electron flavor content. Such distortions are predicted when assuming standard solar neutrino oscillation solutions. An extended maximum likelihood fit to the amplitude of the expected solar zenith angle variation of the neutrino-electron elastic scattering rate results in a day-night asymmetry of $[-3.2\\pm1.1$(stat.)$\\pm0.5$(syst.)]$\\%$. A solar neutrino global oscillation analysis including all current solar neutrino data, as well as KamLAND reactor antineutrino data, measures the solar mixing angle as $\\sin^2\\theta_{12}=0.305\\pm0.013$, the solar neutrino mass squared splitting as $\\Delta m^2_{21}=7.49^{+0.19}_{-0.17}\\times10^{-5}$eV$^2$ and $\\sin^2\\theta_{13}=0.026^{+0.017}_{-0.012}$.

  5. Calibration of the Super-Kamiokande Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abe, K; Iida, T; Iyogi, K; Kameda, J; Kishimoto, Y; Koshio, Y; Marti, Ll; Miura, M; Moriyama, S; Nakahata, M; Nakano, Y; Nakayama, S; Obayashi, Y; Sekiya, H; Shiozawa, M; Suzuki, Y; Takeda, A; Takenaga, Y; Tanaka, H; Tomura, T; Ueno, K; Wendell, R A; Yokozawa, T; Irvine, T J; Kaji, H; Kajita, T; Kaneyuki, K; Lee, K P; Nishimura, Y; Okumura, K; McLachlan, T; Labarga, L; Kearns, E; Raaf, J L; Stone, J L; Sulak, L R; Berkman, S; Tanaka, H A; Tobayama, S; Goldhaber, M; Bays, K; Carminati, G; Kropp, W R; Mine, S; Renshaw, A; Smy, M B; Sobel, H W; Ganezer, K S; Hill, J; Keig, W E; Jang, J S; Kim, J Y; Lim, I T; Hong, N; Akiri, T; Albert, J B; Himmel, A; Scholberg, K; Walter, C W; Wongjirad, T; Ishizuka, T; Tasaka, S; Learned, J G; Matsuno, S; Smith, S N; Hasegawa, T; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Kobayashi, T; Nakadaira, T; Nakamura, K; Nishikawa, K; Oyama, Y; Sakashita, K; Sekiguchi, T; Tsukamoto, T; Suzuki, A T; Takeuchi, Y; Huang, K; Ieki, K; Ikeda, M; Kikawa, T; Kubo, H; Minamino, A; Murakami, A; Nakaya, T; Otani, M; Suzuki, K; Takahashi, S; Fukuda, Y; Choi, K; Itow, Y; Mitsuka, G; Miyake, M; Mijakowski, P; Tacik, R; Hignight, J; Imber, J; Jung, C K; Taylor, I; Yanagisawa, C; Idehara, Y; Ishino, H; Kibayashi, A; Mori, T; Sakuda, M; Yamaguchi, R; Yano, T; Kuno, Y; Kim, S B; Yang, B S; Okazawa, H; Choi, Y; Nishijima, K; Koshiba, M; Totsuka, Y; Yokoyama, M; Martens, K; Vagins, M R; Martin, J F; de Perio, P; Konaka, A; Wilking, M J; Chen, S; Heng, Y; Sui, H; Yang, Z; Zhang, H; Zhenwei, Y; Connolly, K; Dziomba, M; Wilkes, R J

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Procedures and results on hardware level detector calibration in Super-Kamiokande (SK) are presented in this paper. In particular, we report improvements made in our calibration methods for the experimental phase IV in which new readout electronics have been operating since 2008. The topics are separated into two parts. The first part describes the determination of constants needed to interpret the digitized output of our electronics so that we can obtain physical numbers such as photon counts and their arrival times for each photomultiplier tube (PMT). In this context, we developed an in-situ procedure to determine high-voltage settings for PMTs in large detectors like SK, as well as a new method for measuring PMT quantum efficiency and gain in such a detector. The second part describes the modeling of the detector in our Monte Carlo simulation, including in particular the optical properties of its water target and their variability over time. Detailed studies on the water quality are also presented. As a re...

  6. Atmospheric Results from Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent results from a 282 kiloton-year exposure of the Super-Kamiokande detector to atmospheric neutrinos are presented. The data when fit both by themselves and in conjunction with constraints from the T2K and reactor neutrino experiments show a weak, though insignificant, preference for the normal mass hierarchy at the level of ~1 sigma. Searches for evidence of oscillations into a sterile neutrino have resulted in limits on the parameters governing their mixing, |U_mu4}|^2 <0.041 and |U_tau4|^2 < 0.18 at 90% C.L. A similar search for an indication of Lorentz-invariance violating oscillations has yielded limits three to seven orders of magnitude more stringent than existing measurements. Additionally, analyses searching for an excess of neutrinos in the atmospheric data produced from the annihilation of dark matter particles in the galaxy and sun have placed tight limits on the cross sections governing their annihilation and scattering.

  7. Underground Muons in Super-KAMIOKANDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration; presented by J. G. Learned

    1997-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The largest underground neutrino observatory, Super-Kamiokande, located near Kamioka, Japan has been collecting data since April 1996. It is located at a depth of roughly 2.7 kmwe in a zinc mine under a mountain, and has an effective area for detecting entering-stopping and through-going muons of about $1238 m^2$ for muons of $>1.7 GeV$. These events are collected at a rate of 1.5 per day from the lower hemisphere of arrival directions, with 2.5 muons per second in the downgoing direction. We report preliminary results from 229 live days analyzed so far with respect to zenith angle variation of the upcoming muons. These results do not yet have enough statistical weight to discriminate between the favored hypothesis for muon neutrino oscillations and no-oscillations. We report on the search for astrophysical sources of neutrinos and high energy neutrino fluxes from the sun and earth center, as might arise from WIMP annihilations. None are found. We also present a topographical map of the overburden made from the downgoing muons. The detector is performing well, and with several years of data we should be able to make significant progress in this area.

  8. Solar neutrino analysis of Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekiya, Hiroyuki

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Super-Kamiokande-IV data taking began in September of 2008, and with upgraded electronics and improvements to water system dynamics, calibration and analysis techniques, a clear solar neutrino signal could be extracted at recoil electron kinetic energies as low as 3.5 MeV. The SK-IV extracted solar neutrino flux between 3.5 and 19.5 MeV is found to be (2.36$\\pm$0.02(stat.)$\\pm$0.04(syst.))$\\times 10^6$ /(cm$^2$sec). The SK combined recoil electron energy spectrum favors distortions predicted by standard neutrino flavour oscillation parameters over a flat suppression at 1$\\sigma$ level. A maximum likelihood fit to the amplitude of the expected solar zenith angle variation of the elastic neutrino-electron scattering rate in SK, results in a day/night asymmetry of $-3.2\\pm1.1$(stat.)$\\pm$0.5(syst.)$%$. The 2.7 $\\sigma$ significance of non-zero asymmetry is the first indication of the regeneration of electron type solar neutrinos as they travel through Earth's matter. A fit to all solar neutrino data and KamLAND ...

  9. Solar Neutrino Results from Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Super-Kamiokande-IV (SK-IV) data taking began in September of 2008, after upgrading the electronics and data acquisition system. Due to these upgrades and improvements to water system dynamics, calibration and analysis techniques, a solar neutrino signal could be extracted at recoil electron kinetic energies as low as 3.5 MeV. When the SK-IV data is combined with the previous three SK phases, the SK extracted solar neutrino flux is found to be $[2.37\\pm0.015\\mbox{(stat.)}\\pm0.04\\mbox{(syst.)}]\\times10^6$/(cm$^{2}$sec). The combination of the SK recoil electron energy spectra slightly favors distortions due to a changing electron flavor content. Such distortions are predicted when assuming standard solar neutrino oscillation solutions. An extended maximum likelihood fit to the amplitude of the expected solar zenith angle variation of the neutrino-electron elastic scattering rate results in a day-night asymmetry of $[-3.2\\pm1.1$(stat.)$\\pm0.5$(syst.)]$\\%$. A solar neutrino global oscillation analysis including ...

  10. Spitzer Observations of Var Her 04: Possible Detection of Dust Formation in a Super-Outbursting TOAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David R. Ciardi; Stefanie Wachter; D. W. Hoard; Steve B. Howell; Gerard T. van Belle

    2006-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We present four MIPS (24 \\micron) and two IRAC (3.6, 4.5, 5.8, and 8.0 \\micron) Spitzer observations of the newly discovered Tremendous Outburst Amplitude Dwarf nova (TOAD) Var Her 04 during decline from super-outburst. The four MIPS observations span 271 days and the two IRAC observations span 211 days. Along the line-of-sight to Var Her 04, there is a foreground M-star within 1\\arcsec of the variable; as a result, all of the Spitzer photometry presented in this paper is a blend of the foreground M-star and Var Her 04. We estimate the quiescent level of the TOAD to be $\\Delta V=4-5$ magnitudes below that of the M-star. Based upon the spectral energy distribution and the 2MASS colors, we find the M-star to be an M3.5V dwarf at a distance of 80-130 pc. Based upon its outburst amplitude and quiescent apparent magnitude, we estimate the distance to Var Her 04 to be 200-400 pc, suggesting that the line-of-sight foreground star is physically unrelated to the cataclysmic variable. All of the Spitzer photometry is consistent with the photospheric emission of the line-of-sight M3.5V star, except for one 24 \\micron observation obtained after the variable re-brightened. This 24 \\micron flux density is 75 $\\mu$Jy ($4\\sigma$) above the preceding and following MIPS observations. We tentatively suggest that the mid-infrared brightening of 75 $\\mu$Jy may be associated with a dust formation event in the super-outburst ejecta. Assuming a dust temperature of 100-400 K, we have estimated the amount of dust required. We find $10^{-13}-10^{-11}$ M$_\\odot$ of dust is needed, consistent with amounts of mass ejection in TOADs expected during super-outburst, and possibly making TOADs important contributors to the recycling of the interstellar medium.

  11. Proinsulin maturation disorder is a contributor to the defect of subsequent conversion to insulin in {beta}-cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Jie, E-mail: jie.wang2@osumc.edu [Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH (United States)] [Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH (United States); Osei, Kwame [Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH (United States)] [Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH (United States)

    2011-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: {yields} Primary proinsulin maturation disorder is inherent in Ins2{sup +/Akita} islets/{beta}-cells. {yields} A consequence is the inefficient conversion of proinsulin to insulin. {yields} Post-translational defects occur as well in the involved PC1/3 and PC2 convertases. {yields} Proinsulin maturation chaos results in defects in the following conversion process. {yields} A link of the proinsulin maturation disorder and hyperproinsulinemia is suggested. -- Abstract: Disproportionate hyperproinsulinemia is an indicator of {beta}-cell dysfunction in diabetes and the basis underlying this abnormality remains obscure. Recently, we have found proinsulin is an aggregation-prone molecule inherent with a low relative folding rate and maintains a homeostatic balance of natively and plentiful non-natively folded states (i.e., proinsulin homeostasis, PIHO) in normal {beta}-cells as a result of the integration of maturation and disposal processes. PIHO is susceptible to environmental and genetic influences. Perturbation of PIHO produces a number of toxic consequences with known association to {beta}-cell failure in diabetes. To explore whether the perturbation of PIHO has a link to disproportionate hyperproinsulinemia, we investigated proinsulin conversion and the involved prohormone convertase 1/3 (PC1/3) and 2 (PC2) in mouse Ins2{sup +/Akita} islets/{beta}-cells that preserve a primary PIHO disorder due to a mutation (C96Y) in the insulin 2 (Ins2) gene. Our metabolic-labeling studies found an increased ratio of proinsulin to insulin in the cellular or released proteins of Ins2{sup +/Akita} islets. Histological, metabolic-labeling, and RT-PCR analyses revealed decreases of the PC1/3 and PC2 immunoreactivities in the {beta}-cells of Ins2{sup +/Akita} islets in spite of no declines of these two convertases at the transcriptional and translational levels. Immunoblot analyses in cloned Ins2{sup +/Akita} {beta}-cells further confirmed the increased ratio of proinsulin to insulin despite the levels of PC1/3 and PC2 proteins were not reduced somehow. The findings demonstrate that the perturbation of PIHO results in defects in the subsequent conversion process of proinsulin and is a contributor to the occurrence of disproportionate hyperproinsulinemia in diabetes.

  12. SuperB: A High-Luminosity Asymmetric e+e- Super Flavor Factory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bona, M.; /et al.; ,

    2007-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss herein the exciting physics program that can be accomplished with a very large sample of heavy quark and heavy lepton decays produced in the very clean environment of an e{sup +}e{sup -} collider; a program complementary to that of an experiment such as LHCb at a hadronic machine. It then presents the conceptual design of a new type of e{sup +}e{sup -} collider that produces a nearly two-order-of-magnitude increase in luminosity over the current generation of asymmetric B Factories. The key idea is the use of low emittance beams produced in an accelerator lattice derived from the ILC Damping Ring Design, together with a new collision region, again with roots in the ILC final focus design, but with important new concepts developed in this design effort. Remarkably, SuperB produces this very large improvement in luminosity with circulating currents and wallplug power similar to those of the current B Factories. There is clear synergy with ILC R&D; design efforts have already influenced one another, and many aspects of the ILC Damping Rings and Final Focus would be operationally tested at SuperB. Finally, the design of an appropriate detector, based on an upgrade of BABAR as an example, is discussed in some detail. A preliminary cost estimate is presented, as is an example construction timeline.

  13. Method and apparatus for connecting high voltage leads to a high temperature super-conducting transformer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Golner, Thomas M.; Mehta, Shirish P.

    2005-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus for connecting high voltage leads to a super-conducting transformer is provided that includes a first super-conducting coil set, a second super-conducting coil set, and a third super-conducting coil set. The first, second and third super-conducting coil sets are connected via an insulated interconnect system that includes insulated conductors and insulated connectors that are utilized to connect the first, second, and third super-conducting coil sets to the high voltage leads.

  14. Resolved Atomic Super-clouds in Spiral Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Braun

    1995-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    High quality data are presented of neutral hydrogen emission and absorption in the fields of eleven of the nearest spiral galaxies. Multi-configuration VLA observations have provided angular resolution of 6~arcsec (corresponding to about 100~pc at the average galaxy distance of 3.5~Mpc) and velocity resolution of 6~km~s$^{-1}$, while accurately recovering the total line flux detected previously with filled apertures. Previous experience suggests that this physical resolution is sufficient to at least marginally resolve the \\ion{H}{1} super-cloud population which delineates regions of active star formation. A high brightness filamentary network of \\ion{H}{1} super-clouds is seen in each galaxy. Emission brightness temperatures in excess of 200~Kelvin are sometimes detected at large radii, even in relatively face-on systems. All galaxies display a systematic increase in the observed brightness temperature of super-clouds with radius, followed by a flattening and subsequent decline. In the few instances where background continuum sources allow detection of \\ion{H}{1} absorption, the indicative spin temperatures are consistent with the super-cloud brightness temperature seen in emission at similar radii. These data suggest substantial opacity of the \\ion{H}{1} in the super-cloud network.

  15. Generalized Super-Cerenkov Radiations in Nuclear and Hadronic Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. B. Ion

    2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Generalized Super-Cerenkov Radiations (SCR), as well as their SCR-signatures are investigated and classified. Two general SCR- coherence conditions are found as two natural extremes of the same spontaneous particles decay in (dielectric, nuclear or hadronic) media The main results on the quantum theory of the SCR-phenomena as well as the results of the first experimental test of the super-coherence conditions, obtained by using the experimental data from BNL are presented. The new concepts such as: SCR-gluons, SCR-W-bosons and SCR-Z-bosons, all three suggested by elementary particle classification, are introduced. The gluonic Super-Cerenkov-like radiation, first introduced here, is schematically described. The interpretation of some recent RHIC results as signature of the SCR-gluons is suggested.

  16. Super ESPC Takes Off at NASA Glenn Research Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This two-page case study describes how staff at NASA John H. Glenn Research Center (GRC) in Cleveland, Ohio, found an alternative way to fund energy efficiency projects when operating and maintenance budgets were reduced. NASA GRC was able to use a DOE Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) Regional Super Energy Savings Performance Contract (Super ESPC) to obtain lighting system upgrades, lighting controls, boiler economizers, and other energy-efficient equipment. A Super ESPC allows an energy services company to pay the initial costs of new equipment and improvements and to be repaid over the contract term out of the Federal agency's resulting energy cost savings. This project has an estimated energy savings of 18,000 million Btu (19 trillion joules) per year; the estimated energy cost savings are approximately$200,000 each year. The capital investment was about $1,200,000, and the contract term is seven years.

  17. Strong reactions in quantum super PDE's. I-II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agostino Prástaro

    2015-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a work in three parts, devoted to encode strong reactions of the high energy physics, in the algebraic topologic theory of quantum super PDE's, (previously formulated by A. Pr\\'astaro). In particular strong reactions are characterized by means of boundary value problems in quantum super PDE's. In such a way one obtains representations of quantum nonlinear propagators in quantum super PDE's, by means of elementary ones (quantum handle decompositions of quantum nonlinear propagators). These are useful to encode nuclear and subnuclear reactions in quantum physics. Pr\\'astaro's geometric theory of quantum PDE's allows us to obtain constructive and dynamically justified answers to some important open problems in high energy physics.

  18. Jupiter and Super-Earth embedded in a gaseous disc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Podlewska; E. Szuszkiewicz

    2007-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we investigate the evolution of a pair of interacting planets - a Jupiter mass planet and a Super-Earth with the 5.5 Earth masses - orbiting a Solar type star and embedded in a gaseous protoplanetary disc. We focus on the effects of type I and II orbital migrations, caused by the planet-disc interaction, leading to the Super-Earth capture in first order mean motion resonances by the Jupiter. The stability of the resulting resonant system in which the Super-Earth is on the internal orbit relatively to the Jupiter has been studied numerically by means of full 2D hydrodynamical simulations. Our main motivation is to determine the Super-Earth behaviour in the presence of the gas giant in the system. It has been found that the Jupiter captures the Super-Earth into the interior 3:2 or 4:3 mean motion resonances and the stability of such configurations depends on the initial planet positions and eccentricity evolution. If the initial separation of planet orbits is larger or close to that required for the exact resonance than the final outcome is the migration of the pair of planets with the rate similar to that of the gas giant at least for time of our simulations. Otherwise we observe a scattering of the Super-Earth from the disc. The evolution of planets immersed in the gaseous disc has been compared with their behaviour in the case of the classical three-body problem when the disc is absent.

  19. Fine Tuning for Best-Value Super ESPC Deals Using the Responsibility...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fine Tuning for Best-Value Super ESPC Deals Using the Responsibility Matrix Fine Tuning for Best-Value Super ESPC Deals Using the Responsibility Matrix Fact sheet outlines the...

  20. Quantifying the economic and commercial potential of a high strength, low thermal coefficient super-alloy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liew, Heng Lee Henry

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inspired by the importance of having a favourable sheathing material for superconducting wires, a high-strength, low thermal coefficient (CTE) super-alloy has been developed. Known as Incoloy 908, this super-alloy's material ...

  1. U.S. Department of Energy and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy Efficiency in the Nation's Electric Grid U.S. Department of Energy and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy Efficiency in the Nation's Electric Grid...

  2. U.S. Department of Energy and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy Efficiency in the Nation's Electric Grid U.S. Department of Energy and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy Efficiency in the Nation's Electric...

  3. Benchmarking Compressed Sensing, Super-Resolution, and Filter Diagonalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markovich, Thomas; Sanders, Jacob N; Aspuru-Guzik, Alan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Signal processing techniques have been developed that use different strategies to bypass the Nyquist sampling theorem in order to recover more information than a traditional discrete Fourier transform. Here we examine three such methods: filter diagonalization, compressed sensing, and super-resolution. We apply them to a broad range of signal forms commonly found in science and engineering in order to discover when and how each method can be used most profitably. We find that filter diagonalization provides the best results for Lorentzian signals, while compressed sensing and super-resolution perform better for arbitrary signals.

  4. Constraining the nuclear symmetry-energy at super-density

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yong, Gao-Chan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The nuclear symmetry-energy has broad implications in both nuclear physics and astrophysics. Due to hard work of many people, the nuclear symmetry-energy around saturation density has been roughly constrained. However, the nuclear symmetry-energy at super-density is still in chaos. By considering both the effects of the nucleon-nucleon short-rang correlations and the isospin-dependent in-medium inelastic baryon-baryon scattering cross sections in the transport model, two unrelated experimental measurements are simultaneously analyzed. A soft symmetry-energy at super-density is first consistently obtained by the double comparison of the symmetry-energy sensitive observables.

  5. Be a Super Snacker: Snack-man Tells You How.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anoymous,

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TOOC Z TA24S.7 8873 NO.1416 8-1416 #)J SnaCk~Man Tells You HOw The TeXSl MoM lJnlvefsity System This booklet supplements the youth phase of the "Be A Super Snacker!" program, developed by the home economics staff of the Texas Agricultural... Ex tension Service to promote nutritious snacking. Be a super Snackerl Snack-Man Tells You How Extension Foods and Nutrition Specialists The Texas A&M University System Love to snack? It's easy to be a snacker, and you might be surprised...

  6. Text-Alternative Version: L Prize™: The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Below is the text-alternative version of the L Prize™: The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs webcast.

  7. Exact analysis of the combined data of SNO and Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Berezinsky

    2001-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Comparison of solar-neutrino signals in SNO and Super-Kamiokande (SK) detectors results in discovery of $\

  8. A Super-Additivity Inequality for Channel Capacity of Classical-Quantum Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahul Jain

    2009-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We show a super-additivity inequality for the channel capacity of classical-quantum (c - q) channels.

  9. Is There Evidence of Super Cycles in Oil Prices?* Abdel M. Zellou and John T. Cuddington**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : is there evidence of super cycles in crude oil prices? On one hand, one might expect the strong demand associatedIs There Evidence of Super Cycles in Oil Prices?* Abdel M. Zellou and John T. Cuddington** March 22 since 2000 represents the early phase of a `super cycle' (SC) driven by the sustained rise in demand

  10. SOLARCAP: Super Capacitor Buffering of Solar Energy for Self-Sustainable Field Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Kai

    buffering, a system that we call SOLARCAP. Using solar panels paired with super-capacitors presents uniqueSOLARCAP: Super Capacitor Buffering of Solar Energy for Self-Sustainable Field Systems Amal Fahad of the conventional battery-based energy storage, this paper argues that the super capacitor buffering of solar energy

  11. Measurement of the solar neutrino energy spectrum at Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Measurement of the solar neutrino energy spectrum at Super-Kamiokande Hirokazu Ishino Doctor Thesis, University of Tokyo January 1999 #12; Abstract Measurements of solar neutrinos at Super-Kamiokande are presented. Super-Kamiokande s- tarted taking data on the 1st of April in 1996. In the present thesis, data

  12. Study of Non-Standard Neutrino Interactions with Atmospheric Neutrino Data in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Study of Non-Standard Neutrino Interactions with Atmospheric Neutrino Data in Super-Kamiokande Gaku- standard interactions using large number of atmospheric neutrino data in Super-Kamiokande. The analysis. As a result of the analyses with the atmospheric neutrino data from the Super-Kamiokande-I (1996

  13. A Study of Particle Identi cation with the Super-Kamiokande Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    A Study of Particle Identi cation with the Super-Kamiokande Detector A Thesis Presented by Karl of the Thesis A Study of Particle Identi cation with the Super-Kamiokande Detector by Karl Florian Goebel Master been developed for the study of atmospheric neutrinos with the Super-Kamiokande de- tector. Preliminary

  14. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Solar Neutrino Measurement from the Second Phase of the Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, IRVINE Solar Neutrino Measurement from the Second Phase of the Super-Kamiokande . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 2.3.3 GALLEX/GNO & SAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 2.3.4 Super-Kamiokande Solar Neutrino Data . . . . . . . . . . . 30 3 THE SUPER-KAMIOKANDE-II DETECTOR 34 3.1 Experiment

  15. Solar neutrino measurement in Super-Kamiokande ICRR, University of Tokyo, Address

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Solar neutrino measurement in Super-Kamiokande Y.Koshio ICRR, University of Tokyo, Address Higashi-Mozumi Kamioka-chi, Gif-pref. 506-1205, Japan E-mail: koshio@icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp for Super-Kamiokande collaboration ABSTRACT The results of solar neutrino data from the #12;rst phase of Super-Kamiokande

  16. A Search for Astrophysical Point Sources of Neutrinos with Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    A Search for Astrophysical Point Sources of Neutrinos with Super-Kamiokande Andrew Lawrence of Neutrinos with Super-Kamiokande Andrew Lawrence Stachyra Chair of Supervisory Committee: Professor R. Je#11;rey Wilkes Department of Physics Using a data sample of 2037 upward-going muons gathered by the Super-Kamiokande

  17. Observation of 8 B Solar Neutrinos from 300-day data at Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Observation of 8 B Solar Neutrinos from 300-day data at Super-Kamiokande Takayuki Yamaguchi me on many occasions. I would like to thank all the Super-Kamiokande collaborators for help( E recoil electron â?? 6.5MeV ) is measured by Super-Kamiokande based on 306.3-day data from May 31

  18. Super-Kamiokande Atmospheric Neutrino Analysis of Matter-Dependent Neutrino Oscillation Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Super-Kamiokande Atmospheric Neutrino Analysis of Matter-Dependent Neutrino Oscillation Models microform." Signature Date #12;University of Washington Abstract Super-Kamiokande Atmospheric Neutrino of the matter a neutrino passes through. Using the data from Super-Kamiokande-I, µ - oscillation models whose

  19. Search for Muon Neutrino Oscillations in Kamiokande and Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Search for Muon Neutrino Oscillations in Kamiokande and Super-Kamiokande ( ) 9 #12;Acknowledgments.Totsuka, spokesman of Kamiokande and Super-Kamiokande ex- periments. His deep insight into physics and experiments was indispensable to Kamiokande and Super-Kamiokande experiments. I also thank to ICRR stas, Prof. Y.Suzuki, Prof. T

  20. Study of Low Energy Electron Anti-neutrinos at Super-Kamiokande IV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Study of Low Energy Electron Anti-neutrinos at Super-Kamiokande IV Dissertation Submitted neutrino physics. A forced trigger scheme has been implemented in Super-Kamiokande IV to search for the 2 the Sun. No events are found for both signals in 960 days of Super-Kamiokande IV data. The 90% CL upper

  1. A Search for Astrophysical Neutrino Point Sources with Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    A Search for Astrophysical Neutrino Point Sources with Super-Kamiokande Eric Thrane A dissertation Abstract A Search for Astrophysical Neutrino Point Sources with Super-Kamiokande Eric Thrane Chair to the upward-going muon dataset at Super-Kamiokande. We find interesting signals from two sources: RX J1713

  2. A Search for Anti-electron-neutrinos from the Sun at Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    A Search for Anti-electron-neutrinos from the Sun at Super-Kamiokande Ph.D. Thesis Yoshihito Gando of a search for anti-electron-neutrinos from the sun are presented based on 1496 live-days of Super-Kamiokande interpretation. I would like to be thankful to Prof. Y. Suzuki, the spokesman of the Super-Kamiokande. For most

  3. Atmospheric neutrino results from Super-Kamiokande and Kamiokande , Evidence for oscillations ,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    1 Atmospheric neutrino results from Super-Kamiokande and Kamiokande , Evidence for oscillations , Takaaki Kajitaa for the Super-Kamiokande and Kamiokande collaborations aKamioka Observatory, Institute neutrino results from Super-Kamiokande are presented. Results from Kamiokande on upward going muons

  4. Full three flavor oscillation analysis of atmospheric neutrino data observed in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Full three flavor oscillation analysis of atmospheric neutrino data observed in Super-Kamiokande angles 12, 23, 13, and one CP phase parameter (cp), by the atmospheric neutrino data observed in Super-Kamiokande. The Super-Kamiokande, a 50 kt water Cherenkov detector, started taking data in 1996 and has been observed

  5. Three Flavor Oscillation Analysis of Atmospheric Neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Three Flavor Oscillation Analysis of Atmospheric Neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande by Roger Alexandre Wendell: Three Flavor Oscillation Analysis of Atmospheric Neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande (Under-Cherenkov detector, Super-Kamiokande, are studied in the context of neutrino oscillations. Data presented here

  6. Super secondary structure (Motif) Secondary structures often group together to form a specific geometric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Sheldon

    , 5 bind Ca++ #12;8 6. Coiled coils are two helices wound around either other in a super coil ­ Found1 Super secondary structure (Motif) Secondary structures often group together to form a specific, these are referred to as super secondary structures Simple motifs can combine to form more complex motifs Recognizing

  7. PoS(EPS-HEP2011)405 Charged particle identification (PID) for SuperB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    PoS(EPS-HEP2011)405 Charged particle identification (PID) for SuperB Nicolas ARNAUD Laboratoire de3.fr Charged particle identification (PID) is a key input for the physics program of the Super of SuperB to extend the PID coverage in this region. This innovative time-of-flight detector will use new

  8. SALSA: Super-Peer Assisted Live Streaming Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahk, Saewoong

    the aforementioned auction mechanisms. The auctions are replicated for each video quality, so the total number that is the ability to watch high quality videos. The server places high-quality-view-tickets at auction to make to the optimal form and are able to differentiate the super-peers' video quality commensurate

  9. SuperBreak: Using Interactivity to Enhance Ergonomic Typing Breaks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajamani, Sriram K.

    SuperBreak: Using Interactivity to Enhance Ergonomic Typing Breaks Dan Morris, A.J. Bernheim Brush Repetitive strain injuries and ergonomics concerns have become increasingly significant health issues software mechanisms exist for managing ergonomics; the most well-known are "break-reminder" packages

  10. Frequency-Domain Analysis of Super-Regenerative Amplifiers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Joel L.

    Since its invention in 1922, the super-regenerative amplifier (SRA) has been used in a variety of short-range, low-power, and/or low-cost wireless systems due to its simple implementation and excellent performance for a ...

  11. Using Super-Vector Coding for Image Classification and Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian, Qi

    .g. SIFT X1 X2 XN 128 N SIFTs ­ Bag-of-Word K-Means clusteringK dim Histogram K × N dim #12;Motivation derivative smooth K-Means (1) (2) #12;Descriptor Coding · Super-Vector (SV) coding #12;Descriptor Coding (2 #12;Experiments - Comparison of nonlinear coding methods |C| = 512 #12;Experiments - Comparison

  12. Constraint on super-luminal neutrinos from vacuum Cerenkov processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subhendra Mohanty; Soumya Rao

    2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the Cerenkov-like emission of $e^+ e^-$ from muon super-luminal muon neutrinos assuming a quadratic energy dependence of the neutrino velocity arising from Lorentz violating interactions. We find that with the OPERA result for the neutrino-photon velocity difference, the decay length for the process $\

  13. Cold + Hot Dark Matter After Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joel R. Primack; Michael A. K. Gross

    1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent atmospheric neutrino data from Super-Kamiokande provide strong evidence of neutrino oscillations and therefore of non-zero neutrino mass. These data imply a lower limit on the hot dark matter (i.e., light neutrino) contribution to the cosmological density $\\Omega_\

  14. Calibration of Super-Kamiokande Using an Electron Linac

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    1998-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to calibrate the Super-Kamiokande experiment for solar neutrino measurements, a linear accelerator (LINAC) for electrons was installed at the detector. LINAC data were taken at various positions in the detector volume, tracking the detector response in the variables relevant to solar neutrino analysis. In particular, the absolute energy scale is now known with less than 1 percent uncertainty.

  15. Current Status of Nucleon Decay Searches with Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brett Viren

    1999-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Evidence for Nucleon Decay has yet to be observed. Current results from the observation of a 45 kton-year exposure of Super-Kamiokande and lifetime limits for nucleons to decay via lepton + pion, lepton + eta and lepton + kaon modes are presented.

  16. Super-Kamiokande Constraints on R-parity Violating Supersymmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vadim Bednyakov; Amand Faessler; Sergey Kovalenko

    1998-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the neutrino oscillations within the minimal supersymmetric standard model with R-parity violation. The Super-Kamiokande atmospheric neutrino data are used to set limits on the bilinear R-parity violating terms. These very stringent limits are out of reach of the other experiments at present and in the near future.

  17. UK low-background infrastructure for delivering SuperNEMO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xin Ran Liu

    2015-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    SuperNEMO is a next generation neutrinoless double beta decay experiment with a design capability to reach a half-life sensitivity of $10^{26}$ years corresponding to an effective Majorana neutrino mass of $\\langle m_{\\beta\\beta} \\rangle$ $Laboratory. The first results from the 2 current HPGe detector are shown. Radon is one of the most critical backgrounds for SuperNEMO and most other low background experiments. It can enter the detector either through diffusion, contamination during construction or emanation from the detector materials resulting in radioactive daughter isotopes. To reach the target sensitivity, the $^{222}$Rn concentration inside the SuperNEMO tracker volume must be less than 150 $\\mu$Bq/m3. A "Radon Concentration Line" (RnCL) was developed to be used in conjunction with a state-of-the-art radon detector to make a more sensitive measurement of large gas volumes. This apparatus has now been commissioned and is capable of measuring radon levels in large samples down to 10 $\\mu$Bq/m3. The results from first measurements of radon content using the RnCL are presented. These measurements include gas bottles, boil-off nitrogen and a SuperNEMO sub-module during the early stages of construction.

  18. The Robotic Super-LOTIS Telescope: Results & Future Plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. G. Williams; P. A. Milne; H. S. Park; S. D. Barthelmy; D. H. Hartmann; A. Updike; K. Hurley

    2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide an overview of the robotic Super-LOTIS (Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System) telescope and present results from gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglow observations using Super-LOTIS and other Steward Observatory telescopes. The 0.6-m Super-LOTIS telescope is a fully robotic system dedicated to the measurement of prompt and early time optical emission from GRBs. The system began routine operations from its Steward Observatory site atop Kitt Peak in April 2000 and currently operates every clear night. The telescope is instrumented with an optical CCD camera and a four position filter wheel. It is capable of observing Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) error boxes as early or earlier than the Swift UV/Optical Telescope (UVOT). Super-LOTIS complements the UVOT observations by providing early R- and I-band imaging. We also use the suite of Steward Observatory telescopes including the 1.6-m Kuiper, the 2.3-m Bok, the 6.5-m MMT, and the 8.4-m Large Binocular Telescope to perform follow-up optical and near infrared observations of GRB afterglows. These follow-up observations have traditionally required human intervention but we are currently working to automate the 1.6-m Kuiper telescope to minimize its response time.

  19. MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE FOR SUPER-FAST EVALUATION OF MEMBRANE PROTEIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stowell, Michael

    MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE FOR SUPER-FAST EVALUATION OF MEMBRANE PROTEIN CRYSTALLIZATION Hsin-Jui Wu1- throughput membraneless microfluidic device to fast produce the reconstitution of membrane protein in microfluidic channel can be completed in seconds to form protein/lipid particles under multiple conditions

  20. SUPER HIGH-SPEED MINIATURIZED PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Thomas

    with the design of permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM) to operate at super-high speed with high efficiency. The designed and fabricated PMSM was successfully tested to run upto 210,000 rpm The designed PMSM has 2000 W concept of electrical machines. After that, the modeling of PMSM for dynamic simulation is provided

  1. The Impact of SuperB on Flavor Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meadows, B.; Blanke, M.; Stocchi, A.; Drutskoy, A.; Cervelli, A.; Giorgi, M.; Lusiani, A.; Perez, A.; Walsh, J.; Hurth, T.; Bevan, A.; Silvestrini, L.; Ciuchini, M.; Tarantino, C.

    2012-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides a succinct summary of the physics programme of SuperB, and describes that potential in the context of experiments making measurements in flavour physics over the next 10 to 20 years. Detailed comparisons are made with Belle II and LHCb, the other B physics experiments that will run in this decade. SuperB will play a crucial role in defining the landscape of flavour physics over the next 20 years. SuperB is an approved high luminosity e{sup +}e{sup -} collider intended to search for indirect and some direct signs of new physics (NP) at low energy, while at the same time, enabling precision tests of the Standard Model (SM). This experiment will be built at a new laboratory on the Tor Vergata campus near Rome, Italy named after Nicola Cabibbo. The project has been described in a Conceptual Design Report, and more recently by a set of three white papers on the accelerator, detector, and physics programme. The main focus of the physics programme rests in the study of so-called Golden Modes, these are decay channels that provide access to measurements of theoretically clean observables that can provide both stringent constraints on models of NP, and precision tests of the SM. A number of ancillary measurements that remain important include those with observables that may not be theoretically clean, and those that can be used to provide stringent constraints on the SM but are not sensitive to NP. The remainder of this section introduces SuperB before discussing the golden modes for SuperB, precision CKM measurement modes, and an outline of the rest of this report.

  2. N=1 Super-symmetry Lagrangian in the de Sitter space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. R. Masouminia

    2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Previously, in [1], a novel N=1 super-symmetric algebra in de Sitter space-time was introduced. This paper is an attempt to build a proper N=1 super-symmetric field theory of classical level in the de Sitter space. The generators, gauge transformations and different fields in a 5-dimensional ambient space notation are defined and corresponding super-space and super-fields are introduced. Finally, the N=1 super-symmetry Lagrangian in the de Sitter ambient space notation has been

  3. UK low-background infrastructure for delivering SuperNEMO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xin Ran

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SuperNEMO is a next generation neutrinoless double beta decay experiment with a design capability to reach a half-life sensitivity of $10^{26}$ years corresponding to an effective Majorana neutrino mass of $\\langle m_{\\beta\\beta} \\rangle$ $<$ 50 - 100 meV. To achieve this sensitivity, stringent radio-purity requirements are imposed resulting in an equally stringent screening programme. Dedicated facilities have been established in the UK for screening and selection of detector construction materials. Gamma ray spectroscopy using high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors has been the standard method for the measurement of material contamination. A low-background facility has been established at Boulby Underground Laboratory. The first results from the 2 current HPGe detector are shown. Radon is one of the most critical backgrounds for SuperNEMO and most other low background experiments. It can enter the detector either through diffusion, contamination during construction or emanation from the detector material...

  4. Longitudinal Beam Stability in the SUPER B-FACTORY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Novokhatski, A.; /SLAC; Zobov, M.; /Frascati

    2009-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We give an overview of wake fields and impedances in a proposed Super B project, which is based on extremely low emittance beams colliding at a large angle with a crab waist transformation. Understanding the effects that wake fields have on the beam is critical for a successful machine operation. We use our combined experience from the operation of the SLAC B-factory and DA{Phi}NE {Phi}-factory to eliminate strong HOM sources and minimize the chamber impedance in the Super B design. Based on a detailed study of the wake fields in this design we have developed a quasi-Green's function for the entire ring that is used to study bunch lengthening and beam stability. In particular, we check the stability threshold using numerical solutions of the Fokker-Plank equation. We also make a comparison of numerical simulations with the bunch lengthening data in the B- factory.

  5. Recent Atmospheric Neutrino Results from Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Himmel, Alexander

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Super-Kamiokande experiment has collected more than 11 live-years of atmospheric neutrino data. Atmospheric neutrinos cover a wide phase space in both energy and distance travelled, the parameters relevant for studying neutrino oscillations. We present here recent measurements of the three-flavor neutrino oscillation parameters using this atmospheric neutrino data, as well as new limits on mixing with a fourth sterile neutrino state.

  6. From DAMA/LIBRA To Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jason Kumar

    2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the prospects for probing low-mass dark matter with the Super-Kamiokande experiment. We show that upcoming analyses including fully-contained events with sensitivity to dark matter masses from 5 to 10 GeV can test the dark matter interpretation of the DAMA/LIBRA signal. We consider prospects of this analysis for two light dark matter candidates: neutralinos and WIMPless dark matter.

  7. Local correlations in the super-Tonks-Girardeau gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kormos, M.; Trombettoni, A. [SISSA and INFN, Sezione di Trieste, via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste (Italy); Mussardo, G. [SISSA and INFN, Sezione di Trieste, via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste (Italy); International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Strada Costiera 11, I-34151, Trieste (Italy)

    2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the local correlations in the super Tonks-Girardeau gas, a highly excited, strongly correlated state obtained in quasi-one-dimensional Bose gases by tuning the scattering length to large negative values using a confinement-induced resonance. Exploiting a connection with a relativistic field theory, we obtain results for the two-body and three-body local correlators at zero and finite temperature. At zero temperature, our result for the three-body correlator agrees with the extension of the results of Cheianov et al. [Phys. Rev. A 73, 051604(R) (2006)], obtained for the ground state of the repulsive Lieb-Liniger gas, to the super-Tonks-Girardeau state. At finite temperature, we obtain that the three-body correlator has a weak dependence on temperature up to the degeneracy temperature T{sub D}. We also find that, for temperatures larger than T{sub D}, the values of the three-body correlator for the super-Tonks-Girardeau gas and the corresponding repulsive Lieb-Liniger gas are rather similar, even for relatively small couplings.

  8. ON THE STABILITY OF SUPER-EARTH ATMOSPHERES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heng, Kevin [ETH Zuerich, Institute for Astronomy, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 27, CH-8093, Zuerich (Switzerland); Kopparla, Pushkar [ETH Zuerich, Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, Universitaetstrasse 16, CH-8092, Zuerich (Switzerland)

    2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the stability of super-Earth atmospheres around M stars using a seven-parameter, analytical framework. We construct stability diagrams in the parameter space of exoplanetary radius versus semimajor axis and elucidate the regions in which the atmospheres are stable against the condensation of their major constituents, out of the gas phase, on their permanent nightside hemispheres. We find that super-Earth atmospheres that are nitrogen-dominated (Earth-like) occupy a smaller region of allowed parameter space, compared to hydrogen-dominated atmospheres, because of the dual effects of diminished advection and enhanced radiative cooling. Furthermore, some super-Earths which reside within the habitable zones of M stars may not possess stable atmospheres, depending on the mean molecular weight and infrared photospheric pressure of their atmospheres. We apply our stability diagrams to GJ 436b and GJ 1214b, and demonstrate that atmospheric compositions with high mean molecular weights are disfavored if these exoplanets possess solid surfaces and shallow atmospheres. Finally, we construct stability diagrams tailored to the Kepler data set, for G and K stars, and predict that about half of the exoplanet candidates are expected to harbor stable atmospheres if Earth-like conditions are assumed. We include 55 Cancri e and CoRoT-7b in our stability diagram for G stars.

  9. Super Efimov effect for mass-imbalanced systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergej Moroz; Yusuke Nishida

    2014-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We study two species of particles in two dimensions interacting by isotropic short-range potentials with the interspecies potential fine-tuned to a p-wave resonance. Their universal low-energy physics can be extracted by analyzing a properly constructed low-energy effective field theory with the renormalization group method. Consequently, a three-body system consisting of two particles of one species and one of the other is shown to exhibit the super Efimov effect, the emergence of an infinite tower of three-body bound states with orbital angular momentum $l=\\pm1$ whose binding energies obey a doubly exponential scaling, when the two particles are heavier than the other by a mass ratio greater than 4.03404 for identical bosons and 2.41421 for identical fermions. With increasing the mass ratio, the super Efimov spectrum becomes denser which would make its experimental observation easier. We also point out that the Born-Oppenheimer approximation is incapable of reproducing the super Efimov effect, the universal low-energy asymptotic scaling of the spectrum.

  10. The SuperB Accelerator: Overview and Lattice Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biagini, M.E.; Boni, R.; Boscolo, M.; Drago, A.; Guiducci, S.; Preger, M.; Raimondi, P.; Tomassini, S.; Vaccarezza, C.; Zobov, M.; /Frascati; Cai, Y.; Fisher, A.; Heifets, S.; Novokhatski, A.; Pivi, M.T.; Seeman, J.; Sullivan, M.; Wienands, U.; /SLAC; Paoloni, E.; Marchiori, G.; /Pisa U.; Koop, I.; /Novosibirsk, IYF /Daresbury /LBL, Berkeley /CERN /Orsay, LAL /KEK, Tsukuba

    2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    SuperB aims at the construction of a very high luminosity (10{sup 36} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}) asymmetric e{sup +}e{sup -} Flavour Factory, with possible location at the campus of the University of Rome Tor Vergata, near the INFN Frascati National Laboratory. In this paper the basic principles of the design and details on the lattice are given. SuperB is a new machine that can exploit novel very promising design approaches: (1) large Piwinski angle scheme will allow for peak luminosity of the order of 10{sup 36} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}, well beyond the current state-of-the-art, without a significant increase in beam currents or shorter bunch lengths; (2) 'crab waist' sextupoles will be used for suppression of dangerous resonances; (3) the low beam currents design presents reduced detector and background problems, and affordable operating costs; (4) a polarized electron beam can produce polarized {tau} leptons, opening an entirely new realm of exploration in lepton flavor physics. SuperB studies are already proving useful to the accelerator and particle physics communities. The principle of operation is being tested at DAFNE. The baseline lattice, based on the reuse of all PEP-II hardware, fits in the Tor Vergata University campus site, near Frascati. A CDR is being reviewed by an International Review Committee, chaired by J. Dainton (UK). A Technical Design Report will be prepared to be ready by beginning of 2010.

  11. Linear relationship between water wetting behavior and microscopic interactions of super-hydrophilic surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Jian; Guo, Pan [Division of Interfacial Water and Key Laboratory of Interfacial Physics and Technology, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 201800 (China) [Division of Interfacial Water and Key Laboratory of Interfacial Physics and Technology, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 201800 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Wang, Chunlei; Shi, Guosheng, E-mail: shiguosheng@sinap.ac.cn; Fang, Haiping [Division of Interfacial Water and Key Laboratory of Interfacial Physics and Technology, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 201800 (China)] [Division of Interfacial Water and Key Laboratory of Interfacial Physics and Technology, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 201800 (China)

    2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Using molecular dynamics simulations, we show a fine linear relationship between surface energies and microscopic Lennard-Jones parameters of super-hydrophilic surfaces. The linear slope of the super-hydrophilic surfaces is consistent with the linear slope of the super-hydrophobic, hydrophobic, and hydrophilic surfaces where stable water droplets can stand, indicating that there is a universal linear behavior of the surface energies with the water-surface van der Waals interaction that extends from the super-hydrophobic to super-hydrophilic surfaces. Moreover, we find that the linear relationship exists for various substrate types, and the linear slopes of these different types of substrates are dependent on the surface atom density, i.e., higher surface atom densities correspond to larger linear slopes. These results enrich our understanding of water behavior on solid surfaces, especially the water wetting behaviors on uncharged super-hydrophilic metal surfaces.

  12. Guidelines, Checklist, and Contract Clauses for Government Acceptance of Super ESPC Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Document lists all the elements required for a completed super energy savings performance contract (ESPC) project to receive Federal government acceptance.

  13. Super stable garnet ceramics may be ideal for high-energy lithium...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Relations (865) 574-7308 Super stable garnet ceramics may be ideal for high-energy lithium batteries ORNL researchers used scanning transmission electron microscopy to take an...

  14. The recent results of solar neutrino measurements in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Koshio

    2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of solar neutrino data from the first phase of Super-Kamiokande are presented. Super-Kamiokande can measure not only the solar neutrino flux but also its energy spectrum and its time variations such as day vs night and seasonal differences. This information can severely restrict parameters of solar neutrino oscillation. From the combination of several experiments' results with those of Super-K, the Large Mixing Angle solution is uniquely allowed at the 98.1% confidence level; this global solar neutrino oscillation analysis is presented. The current status of the second phase of Super-Kamiokande is presented.

  15. Bound on the tau neutrino magnetic moment from the Super-Kamiokande data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. N. Gninenko

    1999-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that recent results from the Super-Kamiokande detector constrain the tau neutrino diagonal magnetic moment to $\\mu_{\

  16. Solar neutrino interactions: Using charged currents at SNO to tell neutral currents at Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. L. Villante; G. Fiorentini; E. Lisi

    1998-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In the presence of flavor oscillations, muon and tau neutrinos can contribute to the Super-Kamiokande (SK) solar neutrino signal through the neutral current process \

  17. SUPER-M: School and University Partnership for Educational Renewal in Mathematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen, Stephen L.

    . Desirable qualifications for this positon include experience in high performance computing, knowledge in the area of high performance computing, please indicate this in your application. Eligibility: · SUPER

  18. Strong reactions in quantum super PDEs. III: Exotic quantum supergravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agostino Prástaro

    2015-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Following the previous two parts, of a work devoted to encode strong reaction dynamics in the A. Pr\\'astaro's algebraic topology of quantum super PDE's, nonlinear quantum propagators in the observed quantum super Yang-Mills PDE, $\\hat{(YM)}[i]$, are further characterized. In particular, nonlinear quantum propagators with non-zero defect quantum electric-charge, are interpreted as {\\em exotic-quantum supergravity} effects. As an application, the recently discovered bound-state called $Zc(3900)$, is obtained as a neutral quasi-particle, generated in a $Q$-quantum exotic supergravity process. {\\em Quantum entanglement} is justified by means of the algebraic topologic structure of nonlinear quantum propagators. Quantum Cheshire cats are considered as examples of quantum entanglements. Existence theorem for solutions of $\\hat{(YM)}[i]$ admitting negative local temperatures ({\\em quantum thermodynamic-exotic solutions}) is obtained too and related to quantum entanglement. Such exotic solutions are used to encode Universe at the Planck-epoch. It is proved that the Universe's expansion at the Planck epoch is justified by the fact that it is encoded by a nonlinear quantum propagator having thermodynamic quantum exotic components in its boundary. This effect produces also an increasing of energy in the Universe at the Einstein epoch: {\\em Planck-epoch-legacy} on the boundary of our Universe. This is the main source of the Universe's expansion and solves the problem of the non-apparent energy-matter ({\\em dark-energy-matter}) in the actual Universe. Breit-Wheeler-type processes have been proved in the framework of the Pr\\'astaro's algebraic topology of quantum super Yang-Mills PDEs. Numerical comparisons of nonlinear quantum propagators with Weinberg-Salam electroweak theory in Standard Model are given.

  19. Strong reactions in quantum super PDEs. III: Exotic quantum supergravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agostino Prástaro

    2015-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Following the previous two parts, of a work devoted to encode strong reaction dynamics in the A. Pr\\'astaro's algebraic topology of quantum super PDE's, nonlinear quantum propagators in the observed quantum super Yang-Mills PDE, $\\hat{(YM)}[i]$, are further characterized. In particular, nonlinear quantum propagators with non-zero defect quantum electric-charge, are interpreted as {\\em exotic-quantum supergravity} effects. As an application, the recently discovered bound-state called $Zc(3900)$, is obtained as a neutral quasi-particle, generated in a $Q$-quantum exotic supergravity process. {\\em Quantum entanglement} is justified by means of the algebraic topologic structure of nonlinear quantum propagators. Quantum Cheshire cats are considered as examples of quantum entanglements. Existence theorem for solutions of $\\hat{(YM)}[i]$ admitting negative local temperatures ({\\em quantum thermodynamic-exotic solutions}) is obtained too and related to quantum entanglement. Such exotic solutions are used to encode Universe at the Planck-epoch. It is proved that the Universe's expansion at the Planck epoch is justified by the fact that it is encoded by a nonlinear quantum propagator having thermodynamic quantum exotic components in its boundary. This effect produces also an increasing of energy in the Universe at the Einstein epoch: {\\em Planck-epoch-legacy} on the boundary of our Universe. This is the main source of the Universe's expansion and solves the problem of the non-apparent energy-matter ({\\em dark-energy-matter}) in the actual Universe. Breit-Wheeler-type processes have been proved in the framework of the Pr\\'astaro's algebraic topology of quantum super Yang-Mills PDEs. Numerical comparisons of nonlinear quantum propagators with Weinberg-Salam electroweak theory in Standard Model are given.

  20. Strong reactions in quantum super PDEs. III: Exotic quantum supergravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agostino Prástaro

    2015-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Following the previous two parts, of a work devoted to encode strong reaction dynamics in the A. Pr\\'astaro's algebraic topology of quantum super PDE's, nonlinear quantum propagators in the observed quantum super Yang-Mills PDE, $\\hat{(YM)}[i]$, are further characterized. In particular, nonlinear quantum propagators with non-zero defect quantum electric-charge, are interpreted as {\\em exotic-quantum supergravity} effects. As an application, the recently discovered bound-state called $Zc(3900)$, is obtained as a neutral quasi-particle, generated in a $Q$-quantum exotic supergravity process. {\\em Quantum entanglement} is justified by means of the algebraic topologic structure of nonlinear quantum propagators. Quantum Cheshire cats are considered as examples of quantum entanglements. Existence theorem for solutions of $\\hat{(YM)}[i]$ admitting negative local temperatures ({\\em quantum thermodynamic-exotic solutions}) is obtained too and related to quantum entanglement. Such exotic solutions are used to encode Universe at the Planck-epoch. It is proved that the Universe's expansion at the Planck epoch is justified by the fact that it is encoded by a nonlinear quantum propagator having thermodynamic quantum exotic components in its boundary. This effect produces also an increasing of energy in the Universe at the Einstein epoch: {\\em Planck-epoch-legacy} on the boundary of our Universe. This is the main source of the Universe's expansion and solves the problem of the non-apparent energy-matter ({\\em dark-energy-matter}) in the actual Universe. Breit-Wheeler-type processes have been proved in the framework of the Pr\\'astaro's algebraic topology of quantum super Yang-Mills PDEs. Numerical comparisons of nonlinear quantum propagators with Weinberg-Salam electroweak theory in Standard Model are given.

  1. Recent results from atmospheric neutrino analysis at Super-Kamiokande

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaji, Hiroshi [Research Center for Cosmic Neutrinos, Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo (Japan)

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The atmospheric-neutrino sample at Super-Kamiokande is sensitive to all neutrino oscillation parameters. Our recent analyses focus on the sub-dominant effects which includes unknown parameters. The upper limit to {theta}{sub 13} is set to be sin{sup 2}{theta}{sub 13}<0.066 (< 0.122) at 90% confidence level in case of the normal (inverted) mass hierarchy. We confirm our sample has the sensitivity to the CP phase, {delta}{sub CP}. The mass hierarchy test also is performed. CPT violation in the neutrino oscillation is tested with the atmospheric-neutrino sample. However, our result suggests the CPT conservation.

  2. CSR in the SuperKEKB Damping Ring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Demin; /KEK, Tsukuba; Abe, Tetsuo; /KEK, Tsukuba; Ikeda, Hitomi; /KEK, Tsukuba; Kikuchi, Mitsuo; /KEK, Tsukuba; Ohmi, Kazuhito; /KEK, Tsukuba; Oide, Katsunobu; /KEK, Tsukuba; Shibata, Kyo; /KEK, Tsukuba; Tobiyama, Makoto; /KEK, Tsukuba; Stupakov, Gennady; /SLAC

    2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) is generated when a bunched beam traverses a dipole magnet or a wiggler/undulator. It can degrade the beam quality in both storage rings and linacs through enhancing the beam energy spread and lengthening the bunch length, even cause single-bunch microwave instabilities. Using several methods, CSR impedances in the positron damping ring (DR) of the SuperKEKB which is under design were calculated. From the impedances due to CSR, resistive wall and various vacuum components, quasi-Green function wake potentials were constructed and used in simulations of Particle-In-Cell (PIC) tracking. We present the CSR related results in this paper.

  3. Super-Yang-Mills theories on S4 x R

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jungmin Kim; Seok Kim; Kimyeong Lee; Jaemo Park

    2014-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct super-Yang-Mills theories on S4 x R, S4 x S1 and S4 x interval with the field content of maximal SYM, coupled to boundary degrees in the last case. These theories provide building blocks of the `5d uplifts' of gauge theories on S4, obtained by compactifying the 6d (2,0) theory. We pay special attention to the N=2* theory on S4. We also explain how to construct maximal SYM on S5 x R, and clarify when SYM theories can be put on S^n x R.

  4. Super-Kamiokande atmospheric neutrinos: Status of subdominant oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; A. Marrone

    2001-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In the context of the recent (79.5 kTy) Super-Kamiokande atmospheric neutrino data, we concisely review the status of muonic-tauonic flavor oscillations and of the subdominant electron or sterile neutrino mixing, in schemes with three or four families and one dominant mass scale. In the three-family case, where we include the full CHOOZ spectral data, we also show, through a specific example, that ``maximal'' violations of the one-dominant mass scale approximation are not ruled out yet.

  5. Probing the Neutrino Mass Hierarchy with Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agarwalla, Sanjib Kumar

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that a superbeam with an average neutrino energy of ~ 5 GeV, such as those being proposed at CERN, if pointing to Super-Kamiokande (L \\simeq 8770 km), could reveal the neutrino mass hierarchy at 5 sigma in less than two years irrespective of the true hierarchy and CP phase. The measurement relies on the near resonant matter effect in the numu \\rightarrow nue oscillation channel, and can be done counting the total number of appearance events with just a neutrino beam.

  6. Supernova Relic Neutrino Search at Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bays, K; Abe, K; Hayato, Y; Iyogi, K; Kameda, J; Koshio, Y; Marti, L; Miura, M; Moriyama, S; Nakahata, M; Nakayama, S; Obayashi, Y; Sekiya, H; Shiozawa, M; Suzuki, Y; Takeda, A; Takenaga, Y; Ueno, K; Kajita, K Ueshima S Yamada T Yokozawa H Kaji T; Kaneyuki, K; McLachlan, T; Okumura, K; Pik, L K; Martens, K; Vagins, M; Labarga, L; Kearns, E; Litos, M; Raaf, J L; Stone, J L; Sulak, L R; Kropp, W R; Mine, S; Regis, C; Renshaw, A; Smy, M B; Sobel, H W; Ganezer, K S; Hill, J; Keig, W E; Cho, S; Jang, J S; Kim, J Y; Lim, I T; Albert, J; Scholberg, K; Walter, C W; Wendell, R; Wongjirad, T; Ishizuka, T; Tasaka, S; Learned, J G; Matsuno, S; Smith, S; Hasegawa, T; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Kobayashi, T; Nakadaira, T; Nakamura, K; Nishikawa, K; Oyama, Y; Sakashita, K; Sekiguchi, T; Tsukamoto, T; Suzuki, A T; Takeuchi, Y; Ikeda, M; Matsuoka, K; Minamino, A; Murakami, A; Nakaya, T; Fukuda, Y; Itow, Y; Mitsuka, G; Miyake, M; Tanaka, T; Hignight, J; Imber, J; Jung, C K; Taylor, I; Yanagisawa, C; Kibayashi, A; Ishino, H; Mino, S; Sakuda, M; Mori, T; Toyota, H; Kuno, Y; Kim, S B; Yang, B S; Okazawa, H; Choi, Y; Nishijima, K; Koshiba, M; Totsuka, Y; Yokoyama, M; Heng, Y; Chen, S; Zhang, H; Yang, Z; Mijakowski, P; Connolly, K; Dziomba, M; Wilkes, R J

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new Super-Kamiokande (SK) search for Supernova Relic Neutrinos (SRNs) was conducted using 2853 live days of data. Sensitivity is now greatly improved compared to the 2003 SK result, which placed a flux limit near many theoretical predictions. This more detailed analysis includes a variety of improvements such as increased efficiency, a lower energy threshold, and an expanded data set. New combined upper limits on SRN flux are between 2.8 and 3.0 nu_e cm^-2 s^-1 > 16 MeV total positron energy (17.3 MeV E_nu).

  7. Design Study for a SuperB Pixel Vertex Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Bevan; J. Crooks; A. Lintern; A. Nichols; M. Stanitzki; R. Turchetta; F. F. Wilson

    2010-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a conceptual design for a low-mass, all pixel vertex detector using the CMOS quadruple well INMAPS process, capable of working in the very high luminosities exceeding 10^36 /cm^2 /sec that can be expected at the next generation e+e- B factories. We concentrate on the vertexing requirements necessary for time-dependent measurements that are also relevant to searches for new physics beyond the Standard Model. We investigate different configurations and compare with the baseline designs for the SuperB and BaBar experiments.

  8. New Low Emittance Lattice for the Super-B Accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biagini, M.E.; Boscolo, M.; Raimondi, P.; Tomassini, S.; Zobov, M.; /Frascati; Seeman, J.; Sullivan, M.; Wienands, U.; Wittmer, W.; /SLAC; Bettoni, S.; /CERN; Paoloni, E.; /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa; Bogomyagkov, A.; Koop, I.; Levichev, E.; Nikitin, S.; Piminov, P.; Shatilov, D.; /Novosibirsk, IYF

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    New low emittance lattices have been designed for the asymmetric SuperB accelerator, aiming at a luminosity of 10{sup 36} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}. Main optics features are two alternating arc cells with different horizontal phase advance, decreasing beam emittance and allowing at the same time for easy chromaticity correction in the arcs. Emittance can be further reduced by a factor of two for luminosity upgrade. Spin rotation schemes for the e{sup -} beam have been studied to provide longitudinal polarization at the IP, and implementation into the lattice is in progress.

  9. Super Wind Project Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuper Wind Project

  10. Super Cool Appliance Design Wins Student Competition | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic Safety GoalsEnergy Begins ExtendedSummitBowl City Leads onSuper

  11. OE Contributors Named IEEE Fellows

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Dr. Ram Adapa, technical leader for transmission systems, and Mark McGranaghan, vice president of Power Delivery & Utilization for EPRI were name IEEE Fellows in recognition of their contributions to IEEE fields of interest.

  12. Long-Lived Compounds Contributors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nassar, Ray

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.12 1.2.1.4 Carbon Tetrachloride (CCl4

  13. A Creative Inquiry Magazine Contributors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    over Clemson's campus. about Decipher #12;Saving Clemson's Mascot.............................................. 11 Poverty Ends with a Girl...........................................................12 Appetite

  14. List of Authors and Contributors

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9 5Let us countLightingFebruary 23,C L S C O N C E

  15. Search for nucleon decay via modes favored by supersymmetric grand unification models in Super-Kamiokande-I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    2005-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the results for nucleon decay searches via modes favored by supersymmetric grand unified models in Super-Kamiokande. Using 1489 days of full Super-Kamiokande-I data, we searched for $p \\to \\bar{\

  16. ORNL/TM-2007/065 EVALUATION OF THE SUPER ESPC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    ORNL/TM-2007/065 EVALUATION OF THE SUPER ESPC PROGRAM -- REPORTED ENERGY AND COST SAVINGS Interim Science and Technology Division EVALUATION OF THE SUPER ESPC PROGRAM -- REPORTED ENERGY AND COST SAVINGS ESCO Energy services company ESPC Energy savings performance contract(ing) FEMP Federal Energy

  17. Magnetic interaction of super-Earths with their host star and planet composition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piso, Ana-Maria (Ana-Maria Adriana)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the magnetic field and the planet-star interactions of super Earths, extrasolar planets with masses between 1 and 10 times the mass of the Earth. We first present a model of the magnetic field of a super Earth, ...

  18. Heavy-Ion Fusion Mechanism And Predictions Of Super-Heavy Elements Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Heavy-Ion Fusion Mechanism And Predictions Of Super-Heavy Elements Production Yasuhisa Abea University, Omsk, RU-644077, Russia Abstract. Fusion process is shown to firstly form largely deformed mono-ion Fusion; Fusion hindrance; Super-heavy elements; Cross section. PACS: 25.70, Jj, 25.70. Lm, 27.90. +b

  19. APS/123-QED Solitary Electromagnetic Pulses Detected with Super-Alfvenic flows in Earth's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    APS/123-QED Solitary Electromagnetic Pulses Detected with Super-Alfv´enic flows in Earth) Solitary nonlinear (B/B 1) electromagnetic pulses have been detected in Earth's geomagnetic tail accompanying plasmas flowing at super-Alfv´enic speeds. The pulses in the current sheet had durations of 5 s

  20. Broadening the Statistical Search for Metal Price Super Cycles to Steel and Related Metals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broadening the Statistical Search for Metal Price Super Cycles to Steel and Related Metals of industrial development and urbanization: steel, pig iron, and molybdenum (a key ingredient in many steel's (2008) econometric search for super cycles in metals prices to our `steel group', defined here as steel

  1. Superization of Homogeneous Spin Manifolds and Geometry of Homogeneous Supermanifolds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrea Santi

    2009-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Let M_0=G_0/H be a (pseudo)-Riemannian homogeneous spin manifold, with reductive decomposition g_0=h+m and let S(M_0) be the spin bundle defined by the spin representation Ad:H->\\GL_R(S) of the stabilizer H. This article studies the superizations of M_0, i.e. its extensions to a homogeneous supermanifold M=G/H whose sheaf of superfunctions is isomorphic to Lambda(S^*(M_0)). Here G is the Lie supergroup associated with a certain extension of the Lie algebra of symmetry g_0 to an algebra of supersymmetry g=g_0+g_1=g_0+S via the Kostant-Koszul construction. Each algebra of supersymmetry naturally determines a flat connection nabla^{S} in the spin bundle S(M_0). Killing vectors together with generalized Killing spinors (i.e. nabla^{S}-parallel spinors) are interpreted as the values of appropriate geometric symmetries of M, namely even and odd Killing fields. An explicit formula for the Killing representation of the algebra of supersymmetry is obtained, generalizing some results of Koszul. The generalized spin connection nabla^{S} defines a superconnection on M, via the super-version of a theorem of Wang.

  2. Variability in the super-Earth 55 Cnc e

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demory, Brice-Olivier; Madhusudhan, Nikku; Queloz, Didier

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Considerable progress has been made in recent years in observations of atmospheric signatures of giant exoplanets, but processes in rocky exoplanets remain largely unknown due to major challenges in observing small planets. Numerous efforts to observe spectra of super-Earths, exoplanets with masses of 1-10 Earth masses, have thus far revealed only featureless spectra. In this paper we report a 4-$\\sigma$ detection of variability in the dayside thermal emission from the transiting super-Earth 55 Cancri e. Dedicated space-based monitoring of the planet in the mid-infrared over eight eclipses revealed the thermal emission from its dayside atmosphere varying by a factor 3.7 between 2012 and 2013. The amplitude and trend of the variability are not explained by potential influence of star spots or by local thermal or compositional changes in the atmosphere over the short span of the observations. The possibility of large scale surface activity due to strong tidal interactions possibly similar to Io, or the presence...

  3. Neutrino-induced upward stopping muons in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A total of 137 upward stopping muons of minimum energy 1.6 GeV are observed by Super-Kamiokande during 516 detector live days. The measured muon flux is 0.39+/-0.04(stat.)+/-0.02(syst.)x10^{-13}cm^{-2}s^{-1}sr^{-1} compared to an expected flux of 0.73+/-0.16(theo.)x10^{-13}cm^{-2}s^{-1}sr^{-1}. Using our previously-published measurement of the upward through-going muon flux, we calculate the stopping/through-going flux ratio R}, which has less theoretical uncertainty. The measured value of R=0.22+/-0.02(stat.)+/-0.01(syst.) is significantly smaller than the value 0.37^{+0.05}_{-0.04}(theo.) expected using the best theoretical information (the probability that the measured R is a statistical fluctuation below the expected value is 0.39%). A simultaneous fitting to zenith angle distributions of upward stopping and through-going muons gives a result which is consistent with the hypothesis of neutrino oscillations with the parameters sin^2 2\\theta >0.7 and 1.5x10^{-3} Super-Kamiokande using the contained atmospheric neutrino events.

  4. Search for Supernova Neutrino Bursts at Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration; :; M. Ikeda; A. Takeda; Y. Fukuda; M. R. Vagins

    2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The result of a search for neutrino bursts from supernova explosions using the Super-Kamiokande detector is reported. Super-Kamiokande is sensitive to core-collapse supernova explosions via observation of their neutrino emissions. The expected number of events comprising such a burst is ~10^4 and the average energy of the neutrinos is in few tens of MeV range in the case of a core-collapse supernova explosion at the typical distance in our galaxy (10 kiloparsecs); this large signal means that the detection efficiency anywhere within our galaxy and well past the Magellanic Clouds is 100%. We examined a data set which was taken from May, 1996 to July, 2001 and from December, 2002 to October, 2005 corresponding to 2589.2 live days. However, there is no evidence of such a supernova explosion during the data-taking period. The 90% C.L. upper limit on the rate of core-collapse supernova explosions out to distances of 100 kiloparsecs is found to be 0.32 SN/year.

  5. Search for dinucleon decay into pions at Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Gustafson; K. Abe; Y. Haga; Y. Hayato; M. Ikeda; K. Iyogi; J. Kameda; Y. Kishimoto; M. Miura; S. Moriyama; M. Nakahata; T. Nakajima; Y. Nakano; S. Nakayama; A. Orii; H. Sekiya; M. Shiozawa; A. Takeda; H. Tanaka; T. Tomura; R. A. Wendell; T. Irvine; T. Kajita; I. Kametani; K. Kaneyuki; Y. Nishimura; E. Richard; K. Okumura; L. Labarga; P. Fernandez; S. Berkman; H. A. Tanaka; S. Tobayama; E. Kearns; J. L. Raaf; J. L. Stone; L. R. Sulak; M. Goldhaber; G. Carminati; W. R. Kropp; S. Mine; P. Weatherly; A. Renshaw; M. B. Smy; H. W. Sobel; V. Takhistov; K. S. Ganezer; B. L. Hartfiel; J. Hill; N. Hong; J. Y. Kim; I. T. Lim; T. Akiri; A. Himmel; K. Scholberg; C. W. Walter; T. Wongjirad; T. Ishizuka; S. Tasaka; J. S. Jang; J. G. Learned; S. Matsuno; S. N. Smith; T. Hasegawa; T. Ishida; T. Ishii; T. Kobayashi; T. Nakadaira; K. Nakamura; Y. Oyama; K. Sakashita; T. Sekiguchi; T. TsukamotoA. T. Suzuki; Y. Takeuchi; T. Yano; S. Hirota; K. Huang; K. Ieki; T. Kikawa; A. Minamino; T. Nakaya; K. Suzuki; S. Takahashi; Y. Fukuda; K. Choi; Y. Itow; G. Mitsuka; T. Suzuki; P. Mijakowski; J. Hignight; J. Imber; C. K. Jung; J. L. Palomino; C. Yanagisawa; H. Ishino; T. Kayano; A. Kibayashi; Y. Koshio; T. Mori; M. Sakuda; Y. Kuno; R. Tacik; S. B. Kim; H. Okazawa; Y. Choi; K. Nishijima; M. Koshiba; Y. Suda; Y. Totsuka; M. Yokoyama; C. Bronner; K. Martens; Ll. Marti; Y. Suzuki; M. R. Vagins; J. F. Martin; P. de Perio; A. Konaka; M. J. Wilking; S. Chen; Y. Zhang; R. J. Wilkes

    2015-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A search for dinucleon decay into pions with the Super-Kamiokande detector has been performed with an exposure of 282.1 kiloton-years. Dinucleon decay is a process that violates baryon number by two units. We present the first search for dinucleon decay to pions in a large water Cherenkov detector. The modes $^{16}$O$(pp) \\rightarrow$ $^{14}$C$\\pi^{+}\\pi^{+}$, $^{16}$O$(pn) \\rightarrow$ $^{14}$N$\\pi^{+}\\pi^{0}$, and $^{16}$O$(nn) \\rightarrow$ $^{14}$O$\\pi^{0}\\pi^{0}$ are investigated. No significant excess in the Super-Kamiokande data has been found, so a lower limit on the lifetime of the process per oxygen nucleus is determined. These limits are: $\\tau_{pp\\rightarrow\\pi^{+}\\pi^{+}} > 7.22 \\times 10^{31}$ years, $\\tau_{pn\\rightarrow\\pi^{+}\\pi^{0}} > 1.70 \\times 10^{32}$ years, and $\\tau_{nn\\rightarrow\\pi^{0}\\pi^{0}} > 4.04 \\times 10^{32}$ years. The lower limits on each mode are about two orders of magnitude better than previous limits from searches for dinucleon decay in iron.

  6. Search for dinucleon decay into pions at Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustafson, J; Haga, Y; Hayato, Y; Ikeda, M; Iyogi, K; Kameda, J; Kishimoto, Y; Miura, M; Moriyama, S; Nakahata, M; Nakajima, T; Nakano, Y; Nakayama, S; Orii, A; Sekiya, H; Shiozawa, M; Takeda, A; Tanaka, H; Tomura, T; Wendell, R A; Irvine, T; Kajita, T; Kametani, I; Kaneyuki, K; Nishimura, Y; Richard, E; Okumura, K; Labarga, L; Fernandez, P; Berkman, S; Tanaka, H A; Tobayama, S; Kearns, E; Raaf, J L; Stone, J L; Sulak, L R; Goldhaber, M; Carminati, G; Kropp, W R; Mine, S; Weatherly, P; Renshaw, A; Smy, M B; Sobel, H W; Takhistov, V; Ganezer, K S; Hartfiel, B L; Hill, J; Hong, N; Kim, J Y; Lim, I T; Akiri, T; Himmel, A; Scholberg, K; Walter, C W; Wongjirad, T; Ishizuka, T; Tasaka, S; Jang, J S; Learned, J G; Matsuno, S; Smith, S N; Hasegawa, T; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Kobayashi, T; Nakadaira, T; Nakamura, K; Oyama, Y; Sakashita, K; Sekiguchi, T; Suzuki, T TsukamotoA T; Takeuchi, Y; Yano, T; Hirota, S; Huang, K; Ieki, K; Kikawa, T; Minamino, A; Nakaya, T; Suzuki, K; Takahashi, S; Fukuda, Y; Choi, K; Itow, Y; Mitsuka, G; Suzuki, T; Mijakowski, P; Hignight, J; Imber, J; Jung, C K; Palomino, J L; Yanagisawa, C; Ishino, H; Kayano, T; Kibayashi, A; Koshio, Y; Mori, T; Sakuda, M; Kuno, Y; Tacik, R; Kim, S B; Okazawa, H; Choi, Y; Nishijima, K; Koshiba, M; Suda, Y; Totsuka, Y; Yokoyama, M; Bronner, C; Martens, K; Marti, Ll; Suzuki, Y; Vagins, M R; Martin, J F; de Perio, P; Konaka, A; Wilking, M J; Chen, S; Zhang, Y; Wilkes, R J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A search for dinucleon decay into pions with the Super-Kamiokande detector has been performed with an exposure of 282.1 kiloton-years. Dinucleon decay is a process that violates baryon number by two units. We present the first search for dinucleon decay to pions in a large water Cherenkov detector. The modes $^{16}$O$(pp) \\rightarrow$ $^{14}$C$\\pi^{+}\\pi^{+}$, $^{16}$O$(pn) \\rightarrow$ $^{14}$N$\\pi^{+}\\pi^{0}$, and $^{16}$O$(nn) \\rightarrow$ $^{14}$O$\\pi^{0}\\pi^{0}$ are investigated. No significant excess in the Super-Kamiokande data has been found, so a lower limit on the lifetime of the process per oxygen nucleus is determined. These limits are: $\\tau_{pp\\rightarrow\\pi^{+}\\pi^{+}} > 7.22 \\times 10^{31}$ years, $\\tau_{pn\\rightarrow\\pi^{+}\\pi^{0}} > 1.70 \\times 10^{32}$ years, and $\\tau_{nn\\rightarrow\\pi^{0}\\pi^{0}} > 4.04 \\times 10^{32}$ years. The lower limits on each mode are about two orders of magnitude better than previous limits from searches for dinucleon decay in iron.

  7. Kuiper belt structure around nearby super-Earth host stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kennedy, Grant M; Marmier, Maxime; Greaves, Jane S; Wyatt, Mark C; Bryden, Geoffrey; Holland, Wayne; Lovis, Christophe; Matthews, Brenda C; Pepe, Francesco; Sibthorpe, Bruce; Udry, Stéphane

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present new observations of the Kuiper belt analogues around HD 38858 and HD 20794, hosts of super-Earth mass planets within 1 au. As two of the four nearby G-type stars (with HD 69830 and 61 Vir) that form the basis of a possible correlation between low-mass planets and debris disc brightness, these systems are of particular interest. The disc around HD 38858 is well resolved with Herschel and we constrain the disc geometry and radial structure. We also present a probable JCMT sub-mm continuum detection of the disc and a CO J=2-1 upper limit. The disc around HD 20794 is much fainter and appears marginally resolved with Herschel, and is constrained to be less extended than the discs around 61 Vir and HD 38858. We also set limits on the radial location of hot dust recently detected around HD 20794 with near-IR interferometry. We present HARPS upper limits on unseen planets in these four systems, ruling out additional super-Earths within a few au, and Saturn-mass planets within 10 au. We consider the disc st...

  8. Low-background tracker development for SuperNEMO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mott, James [University College London, London, WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom)] [University College London, London, WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Collaboration: SuperNEMO Collaboration; and others

    2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The SuperNEMO experiment will search for neutrinoless double beta decay (0???) with a target sensitivity of T{sub 1/2}(0?) > 10{sup 26} years, corresponding to an effective neutrino mass of 50-100 meV. At its heart there is a low-background gaseous tracking detector which allows for extremely efficient background rejection and, if 0??? is observed, may provide important insights into the mechanism via which it may be mediated. Radon inside the tracker, which can mimic rare ?? events, is one of the most dangerous backgrounds for SuperNEMO. To reach the target sensitivity the radon concentration inside the tracking volume must be < 0.15 mBq/m{sup 3}. To reach this challengingly-low level of radon, a considerable program of R and D has been undertaken. This includes automation of the tracker-wiring process, development of a dedicated setup to measure radon diffusion and a 'radon concentration line' which will be able to measure levels of radon in the ?Bq/m{sup 3} range.

  9. One pass core design of a super fast reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Qingjie; Oka, Yoshiaki [Cooperative Major in Nuclear Energy, Waseda University, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One pass core design for Supercritical-pressure light water-cooled fast reactor (Super FR) is proposed. The whole core is cooled with upward flow in one through flow pattern like PWR. Compared with the previous two pass core design; this new flow pattern can significantly simplify the core concept. Upper core structure, coolant flow scheme as well as refueling procedure are as simple as in PWR. In one pass core design, supercritical-pressure water is at approximately 25.0 MPa and enters the core at 280 C. degrees and is heated up in one through flow pattern upwardly to the average outlet temperature of 500 C. degrees. Great density change in vertical direction can cause significant axial power offset during the cycle. Meanwhile, Pu accumulated in the UO{sub 2} fuel blanket assemblies also introduces great power increase during cycle, which requires large amount of flow for heat removal and makes the outlet temperature of blanket low at the beginning of equilibrium cycle (BOEC). To deal with these issues, some MOX fuel is applied in the bottom region of the blanket assembly. This can help to mitigate the power change in blanket due to Pu accumulation and to increase the outlet temperature of the blanket during cycle. Neutron transport and thermohydraulics coupled calculation shows that this design can satisfy the requirement in the Super FR principle for both 500 C. degrees outlet temperature and negative coolant void reactivity. (authors)

  10. Study of upward-going muons in Super-Kamiokande Doctral Program in Fundamental Science and Energy Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Study of upward-going muons in Super-Kamiokande Choji Saji Doctral Program in Fundamental Science.Miyata. They always encouraged and supported me. I acknowledge Prof. Y.Totsuka, spokesman of the Super-Kamiokande.Matsuno, Dr. A.L.Stachyra and Mr. D.Shantanu. I would like to thank all the Super-Kamiokande collaborators

  11. First regional super ESPC a success on Kodiak Island, Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Epstein, K.

    2000-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The Coast Guard military base on Kodiak Island, Alaska, is the largest Coast Guard base in the world. By taking a leadership role in a pilot program to streamline Federal financing and procurement for energy saving projects, the Coast Guard is saving more than $220,000 a year in energy costs at this base. Using the Super ESPC (Energy Savings Performance Contracting) program, the Coast Guard was able to quickly contract with an experienced contractor with energy savings expertise. Working with ERI, one of FEMP's (Federal Energy Management Program) approved energy services contractors, the Coast Guard determined areas of potential energy savings and designed a retrofit to upgrade inefficient equipment and infrastructure. When energy-efficient modifications are complete, the base will be 30% more cost effective.

  12. Solar neutrino measurements in Super-Kamiokande-II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Super-Kamiokande collaboration

    2008-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of the second phase of the Super-Kamiokande solar neutrino measurement are presented and compared to the first phase. The solar neutrino flux spectrum and time-variation as well as oscillation results are statistically consistent with the first phase and do not show spectral distortion. The time-dependent flux measurement of the combined first and second phases coincides with the full period of solar cycle 23 and shows no correlation with solar activity. The measured boron 8 total flux is 2.38 +/-0.05(stat.) +0.16-0.15(sys.) X 10^6 cm^-2 sec^-1 and the day-night difference is found to be -6.3 +/-4.2(stat.) +/-3.7(sys.) %. There is no evidence of systematic tendencies between the first and second phases.

  13. Collective Effects in the SuperB Collider

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Demma, Theo; /INFN, Rome; Pivi, Mauro; /SLAC

    2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Some collective effects have been studied for the SuperB high luminosity collider. Estimates of the effect of Intra Beam Scattering (IBS) on the emittance and energy spread growths have been carried up for both the High Energy (HER, positrons) and the Low Energy (LER, electrons) rings. Electron cloud build up simulations for HER were performed with the ECLOUD code, developed at CERN, to predict the cloud formation in the arcs, taking into account possible remediation techniques such as clearing electrodes. The new code CMAD, developed at SLAC, has been used to study the effect of this electron cloud on the beam and assess the thresholds above which the electron cloud instability would set in.

  14. Search for Supernova Relic Neutrinos at Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    2002-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A search for the relic neutrinos from all past core-collapse supernovae was conducted using 1496 days of data from the Super-Kamiokande detector. This analysis looked for electron-type anti-neutrinos that had produced a positron with an energy greater than 18 MeV. In the absence of a signal, 90% C.L. upper limits on the total flux were set for several theoretical models; these limits ranged from 20 to 130 nu_e bar cm^-2 s^-1. Additionally, an upper bound of 1.2 nu_e bar cm^-2 s^-1 was set for the supernova relic neutrino flux in the energy region E_nu > 19.3 MeV.

  15. Super Efficient Refrigerator Program (SERP) evaluation. Volume 1: Process evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandahl, L.J.; Ledbetter, M.R.; Chin, R.I.; Lewis, K.S.; Norling, J.M.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted this study for the US Department of Energy (DOE) as part of the Super Efficient Refrigerator Program (SERP) Evaluation. This report documents the SERP formation and implementation process, and identifies preliminary program administration and implementation issues. The findings are based primarily on interviews with those familiar with the program, such as utilities, appliance manufacturers, and SERP administrators. These interviews occurred primarily between March and April 1995, when SERP was in the early stages of program implementation. A forthcoming report will estimate the preliminary impacts of SERP within the industry and marketplace. Both studies were funded by DOE at the request of SERP Inc., which sought a third-party evaluation of its program.

  16. Non-local bispectra from super cosmic variance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bayta?, Bekir; Nelson, Elliot; Park, Sohyun; Shandera, Sarah

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present examples of non-Gaussian statistics that can induce bispectra matching local and non-local (including equilateral) templates in biased sub-volumes. We find cases where the biasing from coupling to long wavelength modes affects only the power spectrum, only the bispectrum or both. Our results suggest that ruling out multi-field scenarios is quite difficult: some measurements of the scalar correlations, including the shape of the bispectrum, can be consistent with single-clock predictions even when cosmic variance from super-horizon modes is at work. Furthermore, if observations of the density perturbations rule out single-clock inflation, we will face a serious cosmic variance obstacle in drawing any further conclusions about the particle physics origin of the scalar fluctuations.

  17. Tests of prototype SSC (Superconducting Super Collider) magnets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strait, J.; Brown, B.C.; Hanft, R.; Koepke, K.; Kuchnir, M.; Lundy, R.; Mantsch, P.; Mazur, P.O.; McInturff, A.; Orr, J.R.

    1987-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Results are presented from tests of the third full scale development dipole magnet for the Superconducting Super Collider and from a retest of a 4.5 m model magnet of the same design mounted in an SSC cryostat. The 4.5 m magnet shows consistent quench performance between its original tests in boiling liquid helium in a vertical dewar and the current tests in forced flow helium in a horizontal cryostat. Little or no retraining is observed over several thermal cycles. The full length magnet requires 12 quenches to train to its short sample limit of 6800 A and displays a reasonably stable quench plateau following training. This represents a great improvement over the performance of the first two full length magnets. Data are presented on quench behavior as a function of current and temperature and on azimuthal and longitudinal loading of the coil by the support structure. 14 refs., 7 figs.

  18. Analytical SuperSTEM for extraterrestrial materials research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradley, J P; Dai, Z R

    2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron-beam studies of extraterrestrial materials with significantly improved spatial resolution, energy resolution and sensitivity are enabled using a 300 keV SuperSTEM scanning transmission electron microscope with a monochromator and two spherical aberration correctors. The improved technical capabilities enable analyses previously not possible. Mineral structures can be directly imaged and analyzed with single-atomic-column resolution, liquids and implanted gases can be detected, and UV-VIS optical properties can be measured. Detection limits for minor/trace elements in thin (<100 nm thick) specimens are improved such that quantitative measurements of some extend to the sub-500 ppm level. Electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) can be carried out with 0.10-0.20 eV energy resolution and atomic-scale spatial resolution such that variations in oxidation state from one atomic column to another can be detected. Petrographic mapping is extended down to the atomic scale using energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy (EFTEM) imaging. Technical capabilities and examples of the applications of SuperSTEM to extraterrestrial materials are presented, including the UV spectral properties and organic carbon K-edge fine structure of carbonaceous matter in interplanetary dust particles (IDPs), x-ray elemental maps showing the nanometer-scale distribution of carbon within GEMS (glass with embedded metal and sulfides), the first detection and quantification of trace Ti in GEMS using EDS, and detection of molecular H{sub 2}O in vesicles and implanted H{sub 2} and He in irradiated mineral and glass grains.

  19. The evolution of the US ESCO industry: From ESCO to SuperESCO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vine, E.; Nakagami, Hidetoshi; Murakoshi, Chiharu

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the restructuring of the U.S. electric utility industry proceeds, utility companies are expected to be either competing or partnering with Super ESCOs to provide energy-efficiency services and energy to utility customers. In this paper, Super ESCOs and utilities were interviewed to see how these organizations are currently interacting and planning to interact in the future. As part of this investigation, the types of products and services Super ESCOs will be providing in the future and how utility restructuring will affect their business were examined.

  20. Super-Adiabatic Particle Number in Schwinger and de Sitter Particle Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Dabrowski; Gerald V. Dunne

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the time evolution of the adiabatic particle number in both time-dependent electric fields and in de Sitter spaces, and define a super-adiabatic particle number in which the (divergent) adiabatic expansion is truncated at optimal order. In this super-adiabatic basis, the particle number evolves smoothly in time, according to Berry's universal adiabatic smoothing of the Stokes phenomenon. This super-adiabatic basis also illustrates clearly the quantum interference effects associated with particle production, in particular for sequences of time-dependent electric field pulses, and in eternal de Sitter space where there is constructive interference in even dimensions, and destructive interference in odd dimensions.

  1. Reconciling Super-Kamiokande, LSND, and Homestake neutrino-oscillation data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. V. Ahluwalia

    1998-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The L/E-flatness of the e-like events observed in the recent atmospheric-neutrino data from Super-Kamiokande (SuperK) is interpreted to reflect a new symmetry of the neutrino-oscillation mixing matrix. From that we obtain an analytical set of constraints yielding a class of mixing matrices of the property to simultaneously fit both the SuperK and the LSND data. The resulting mass squared difference relevant for the LSND experiment is found as 0.3 eV^2. The discussed symmetry, e.g., carries the nature that expectation values of masses for \

  2. "Ceterum censeo Fabricam Super Saporis esse faciendam" ("Moreover I advise a Super-Flavour Factory has to be built")

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. I. Bigi

    2008-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The discovery of $B_d - \\bar B_d$ oscillations twenty years ago by the ARGUS collaboration marked a watershed event. It persuaded a significant part of the HEP community that the large time dependent \\cp asymmetries predicted for some $B_d$ decays might be within the reach of specially designed experiments. This opened the successful era of the $B$ factories, which has a great future still ahead. After sketching the status of heavy flavour physics I describe why we need to continue a comprehensive heavy flavour program not only for its intrinsic reasons -- it is even mandated as an integral part of the LHC program. Notwithstanding the great success anticipated for the LHCb experiment I explain why a Super-Flavour Factory is an essential complement to the LHC program.

  3. Use of Quantitative Uncertainty Analysis to Support M&V Decisions in Super ESPCs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Satish; Mathew, Paul

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the financial analysis of the ESPC, in that it providesis a critical element of an ESPC—without it, there is no wayrealized. Every FEMP Super ESPC is required to have an M&V

  4. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: SuperTruck Program: Engine Project Review

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Detroit Diesel at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about SuperTruck program: engine...

  5. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Volvo SuperTruck- Powertrain Technologies for Efficiency Improvement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Volvo at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about Volvo SuperTruck - powertrain...

  6. Design and assessment of a super high speed, hybrid hydrofoil/SWATH crew boat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgiadis, Vasileios

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents the preliminary design and assessment of Wavecutter, an innovative super high speed, hybrid hydrofoil/SWATH crew boat. The intended mission of the vessel is the very-fast transportation of crew and ...

  7. GTPase Catalysis by Ras and Other G-proteins: Insights from Substrate Directed SuperImposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosloff, Mickey

    GTPase Catalysis by Ras and Other G-proteins: Insights from Substrate Directed Super usage of similar approaches to comparison of enzyme catalytic machineries. We applied SDSI to various G catalysis; GTPase; guanine nucleotides; conformational rearrangement; structure comparison

  8. Super Kid: Blake Guidice, Cascade High Article by: Julie Muhlstein, Herald Writer, Everett, Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Super Kid: Blake Guidice, Cascade High Article by: Julie Success: Blake Guidice, senior, Cascade High School, spent summer in a science. (Gary) Wood is a great teacher. I had him for chemistry last year and AP

  9. Classification of integrable super-systems using the SsTools environment ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Thomas

    Program Library, Queen's University of Belfast, N. Ireland; see also [1] _______ ? Subject classification Classification of integrable super-systems using the SsTools environment. ____________________________________________________________________________ Abstract A classification problem is proposed for supersymmetric evolutionary PDE that s* *at- isfy

  10. HOW TO DISTINGUISH BETWEEN CLOUDY MINI-NEPTUNES AND WATER/VOLATILE-DOMINATED SUPER-EARTHS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benneke, Björn

    One of the most profound questions about the newly discovered class of low-density super-Earths is whether these exoplanets are predominately H2-dominated mini-Neptunes or volatile-rich worlds with gas envelopes dominated ...

  11. Sensitivity of atmospheric neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande to Lorentz violation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akiri, Tarek

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This talk, given at CPT'13, showed Super-Kamiokande atmospheric-neutrino Monte Carlo sensitivity to Lorentz-violation effects using the perturbative model derived from the Standard-Model Extension.

  12. Sensitivity of atmospheric neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande to Lorentz violation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarek Akiri

    2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This talk, given at CPT'13, showed Super-Kamiokande atmospheric-neutrino Monte Carlo sensitivity to Lorentz-violation effects using the perturbative model derived from the Standard-Model Extension.

  13. Applications and experiences with super duplex stainless steel in wet FGD scrubber systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francis, R.; Byrne, G.; Warburton, G.; Hebdon, S. [Weir Materials Ltd., Manchester (United Kingdom)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper presents the properties of the author`s company`s proprietary super duplex stainless steel. Work is presented showing the development of a more realistic laboratory solution representing typical limestone slurries found in real flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems. The importance of additions of metal ions such as Fe{sup 3+} and Mn{sup 2+} as well as partially oxidized sulfur species is demonstrated. Results are presented comparing the crevice corrosion resistance of super duplex stainless steel in these slurries with other commonly used wrought and cast stainless steels, for both simulated anthracite and lignite type slurries. Data from loop tests on the erosion resistance of a range of alloys in simulated FGD slurries is presented. The results clearly show the superior resistance of super duplex stainless steel to both crevice corrosion and erosion in FGD slurries. Finally the experiences in UK FGD systems with both cast and wrought super duplex stainless steel are presented.

  14. Function and regulation of the Super Elongation Complexes in HIV-1 transcription

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Joanne H.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hydroxamic acid SEC Super Elongation Complex TAR Trans-and binding of HEXIM1 to TAR. Nucleic Acids Res 85. Shah M,TAR RNA: critical spacing between the bulge and loop recognition domains. Nucleic Acids

  15. Fine Tuning for Best-Value Super ESPC Deals Using the Responsibility Matrix

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fact sheet outlines the steps for Federal agencies to fine tune Super Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPCs) to get the best value using the Risk, Responsibility, and Performance Matrix.

  16. Mouse-Specific Tandem IgY7-SuperMix Immunoaffinity Separations...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in tandem with a mouse IgY7 column that removes the seven most abundant proteins in blood, the SuperMix column captures >100 additional moderate abundance proteins, thus...

  17. Space-Charge Effects in the Super B-Factory LER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venturini, Marco

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    K. Oide, and A. Wolski, Space-Charge and EquilibriumVenturini and K. Oide, Direct Space-Charge E?ects on the ILCLBNL-62259 January 2007 Space-Charge E?ects in the Super B-

  18. A Hidden Twelve-Dimensional SuperPoincare Symmetry In Eleven Dimensions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bars, Itzhak; Deliduman, Cemsinan; Pasqua, Andrea; Zumino, Bruno

    2003-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    First, we review a result in our previous paper, of how a ten-dimensional superparticle, taken off-shell, has a hidden eleven-dimensional superPoincare symmetry. Then, we show that the physical sector is defined by three first-class constraints which preserve the full eleven-dimensional symmetry. Applying the same concepts to the eleven dimensional superparticle, taken off-shell, we discover a hidden twelve dimensional superPoincare symmetry that governs the theory.

  19. Search for neutrinos from Gamma-Ray Bursts using Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dusan Turcan; Shantanu Desai; for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    2002-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the Super-Kamiokande neutrino observatory, a search was conducted for neutrinos produced in coincidence with gamma-ray bursts observed by the BATSE detector. Super-Kamiokande data in the neutrino energy range of 7 MeV ~ 100 TeV were analyzed. For gamma-ray bursts that occurred between 1996 April and 2000 May, no statistically significant signal in excess of the background levels was detected. Implied upper limits on associated GRB neutrino production are presented.

  20. Search for Neutral Q-balls in Super-Kamiokande II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration; :; Y. Takenaga

    2007-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A search for Q-balls induced groups of successive contained events has been carried out in Super-Kamiokande II with 541.7 days of live time. Neutral Q-balls would emit pions when colliding with nuclei, generating a signal of successive contained pion events along a track. No candidate for successive contained event groups has been found in Super-Kamiokande II, so upper limits on the possible flux of such Q-balls have been obtained.

  1. Multi-pulse operation of a super-radiant backward-wave oscillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bandurkin, I. V. [Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 46 Ulyanov St., Nizhny Novgorod, 603950 (Russian Federation); Savilov, A. V. [Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 46 Ulyanov St., Nizhny Novgorod, 603950 (Russian Federation); Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod (Russian Federation)

    2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Theory of a backward-wave electron oscillator operating in the non-stationary regime of super-radiation of short powerful rf pulses is developed. It is shown that there exist multi-frequency regimes of generation of either two-peak or three-peak output signal with different characteristic frequencies in every peak. The use of such regimes allows increasing the duration, the peak power, and the total energy of the output super-radiation rf pulse.

  2. Evolution of Super Star Cluster Winds with Strong Cooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wunsch, Richard; Palous, Jan; Tenorio-Tagle, Guillermo; Munoz-Tunon, Casiana

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the evolution of Super Star Cluster (SSC) winds driven by stellar winds and supernova (SN) explosions. Time-dependent rates at which mass and energy are deposited into the cluster volume, as well as the time-dependent chemical composition of the re-inserted gas, are obtained from the population synthesis code Starburst99. These results are used as input for a semi-analytic code which determines the hydrodynamic properties of the cluster wind as a function of cluster age. Two types of winds are detected in the calculations. For the quasi-adiabatic solution, all of the inserted gas leaves the cluster in the form of a stationary wind. For the bimodal solution, some of the inserted gas becomes thermally unstable and forms dense warm clumps which accumulate inside the cluster. We calculate the evolution of the wind velocity and energy flux and integrate the amount of accumulated mass for clusters of different mass, radius and initial metallicity. We consider also conditions with low heating efficiency of ...

  3. Coronae of Stars with Super Solar Elemental Abundances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peretz, Uria; Drake, Stephen A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coronal elemental abundances are known to deviate from the photospheric values of their parent star, with the degree of deviation depending on the First Ionization Potential (FIP). This study focuses on the coronal composition of stars with super-solar photospheric abundances. We present the coronal abundances of six such stars: 11 LMi, $\\iota$ Hor, HR 7291, $\\tau$ Boo, and $\\alpha$ Cen A and B. These stars all have high-statistics X-ray spectra, three of which are presented for the first time. The abundances measured in this paper are obtained using the line-resolved spectra of the Reflection Grating Spectrometer (RGS) in conjunction with the higher throughput EPIC-pn camera spectra on board the XMM-Newton observatory. A collisionally ionized plasma model with two or three temperature components is found to represent the spectra well. All elements are found to be consistently depleted in the coronae compared to their respective photospheres. For 11 LMi and $\\tau$ Boo no FIP effect is present, while $\\iota$ H...

  4. The versatile link, a common project for super-LHC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amaral, Luis; Dris, Stefanos; Gerardin, Alexandre; Huffman, Todd; Issever, Cigdem; Pacheco, Alberto Jimenez; Jones, Mark; Kwan, Simon; Lee, Shih-Chang; Lian, Zhijun; Liu, Tiankuan; /CERN /Oxford U. /Fermilab /Taipei, Computing Ctr. /Southern Methodist U.

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiation tolerant, high speed optoelectronic data transmission links are fundamental building blocks in today's large scale High Energy Physics (HEP) detectors, as exemplified by the four experiments currently under commissioning at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), see for example. New experiments or upgrades will impose even more stringent demands on these systems from the point of view of performance and radiation tolerance. This can already be seen from the developments underway for the Super Large Hadron Collider (SLHC) project, a proposed upgrade to the LHC aiming at increasing the luminosity of the machine by factor of 10 to 10{sup 35} cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}, and thus providing a better chance to see rare processes and improving statistically marginal measurements. In the past, specific data transmission links have been independently developed by each LHC experiment for data acquisition (DAQ), detector control as well as trigger and timing distribution (TTC). This was justified by the different types of applications being targeted as well as by technological limitations preventing one single solution from fitting all requirements. However with today's maturity of optoelectronic and CMOS technologies it is possible to envisage the development of a general purpose optical link which can cover most transmission applications: a Versatile Link. Such an approach has the clear advantage of concentrating the development effort on one single project targeting an optical link whose final functionality will only result from the topology and configuration settings adopted.

  5. Fermion Actions extracted from Lattice Super Yang-Mills Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misumi, Tatsuhiro

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We revisit 2D $\\mathcal{N}=(2,2)$ super Yang-Mills lattice formulation (Sugino model) to investigate its fermion action with two (Majorana) fermion flavors and exact chiral-$U(1)_{R}$ symmetry. We show that the reconcilement of chiral symmetry and absence of further species-doubling originates in the 4D clifford algebra structure of the action, where 2D two flavors are spuriously treated as a single 4D four-spinor with four 4D gamma matrices introduced into kinetic and Wilson terms. This fermion construction based on the higher-dimensional clifford algebra is extended to four dimensions in two manners: (1) pseudo-8D sixteen-spinor treatment of 4D four flavors with eight 8D gamma matrices, (2) pseudo-6D eight-spinor treatment of 4D two flavors with five out of six 6D gamma matrices. We obtain 4D four-species and two-species lattice fermions with unbroken subgroup of chiral symmetry and other essential properties. We discuss their relations to staggered and Wilson twisted-mass fermions. We also discuss their po...

  6. Testing Cosmological Models with Type Ic Super Luminous Supernovae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Jun-Jie; Melia, Fulvio

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of type Ic Super Luminous Supernovae (SLSN Ic) to examine the cosmological expansion introduces a new standard ruler with which to test theoretical models. The sample suitable for this kind of work now includes 11 SLSNe Ic, which have thus far been used solely in tests involving $\\Lambda$CDM. In this paper, we broaden the base of support for this new, important cosmic probe by using these observations to carry out a one-on-one comparison between the $R_{\\rm h}=ct$ and $\\Lambda$CDM cosmologies. We individually optimize the parameters in each cosmological model by minimizing the $\\chi^{2}$ statistic. We also carry out Monte Carlo simulations based on these current SLSN Ic measurements to estimate how large the sample would have to be in order to rule out either model at a $\\sim 99.7\\%$ confidence level. The currently available sample indicates a likelihood of $\\sim$$70-80\\%$ that the $R_{\\rm h}=ct$ Universe is the correct cosmology versus $\\sim$$20-30\\%$ for the standard model. These results are suggest...

  7. Numerical simulations of super-luminous supernovae of type IIn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dessart, Luc; Hillier, D John

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present numerical simulations that include 1-D Eulerian multi-group radiation-hydrodynamics, 1-D non-LTE radiative transfer, and 2-D polarised radiative transfer for super-luminous interacting supernovae (SNe). Our reference model is a ~10Msun inner shell with 10^51erg ramming into a ~3Msun cold outer shell (the circumstellar-medium, or CSM) that extends from 10^15cm to 2x10^16cm and moves at 100km/s. We discuss the light curve evolution, which cannot be captured adequately with a grey approach. In these interactions, the shock-crossing time through the optically-thick CSM is much longer than the photon diffusion time. Radiation is thus continuously leaking from the shock through the CSM, in disagreement with the shell-shocked model that is often invoked. Our spectra redden with time, with a peak distribution in the near-UV during the first month gradually shifting to the optical range over the following year. Initially Balmer lines exhibit a narrow line core and the broad line wings that are characteristi...

  8. Status of the Super-B factory Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wittmer, W.; /Michigan State U.; Bertsche, K.; Chao, A.; Novokhatski, A.; Nosochkov, Y.; Seeman, J.; Sullivan, M.K.; Wienands, U.; Weathersby, S.; /SLAC; Bogomyagkov, A.V.; Levichev, E.; Nikitin, S.; Piminov, P.; Shatilov, D.; Sinyatkin, S.; Vobly, P.; Okunev, I.N.; /Novosibirsk, IYF; Bolzon, B.; Brunetti, L.; Jeremie, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Biagini, M.E.; /Frascati /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /CERN /Orsay, LAL /LPSC, Grenoble /Saclay

    2012-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The SuperB international team continues to optimize the design of an electron-positron collider, which will allow the enhanced study of the origins of flavor physics. The project combines the best features of a linear collider (high single-collision luminosity) and a storage-ring collider (high repetition rate), bringing together all accelerator physics aspects to make a very high luminosity of 10{sup 36} cm{sup -2} sec{sup -1}. This asymmetric-energy collider with a polarized electron beam will produce hundreds of millions of B-mesons at the Y(4S) resonance. The present design is based on extremely low emittance beams colliding at a large Piwinski angle to allow very low {beta}{sub y} without the need for ultra short bunches. Use of crab-waist sextupoles will enhance the luminosity, suppressing dangerous resonances and allowing for a higher beam-beam parameter. The project has flexible beam parameters, improved dynamic aperture, and spin-rotators in the Low Energy Ring for longitudinal polarization of the electron beam at the Interaction Point. Optimized for best colliding-beam performance, the facility may also provide high-brightness photon beams for synchrotron radiation applications.

  9. The evolution of the U.S. ESCO industry: Is there a Super ESCO in your life?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vine, E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Nakagami, Hidetoshi; Murakoshi, Chiharu

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the restructuring of the US utility industry proceeds, Super ESCOs are expected to be key players in providing energy and energy-efficiency services to utility customers, and utility companies are expected to be either competing or partnering with Super ESCOs. Super ESCOs are energy service companies, or ESCOs, that provide traditional energy services and supply gas and/or electricity (and/or other fuels) to customers. Examples would include such companies as Duke Solutions, Edison Source, Enron Energy Services, PG and E Energy Services, and Xenergy. The evolution of the US ESCO industry and, in particular, the relationship between utilities and Super ESCOs, is the focus of this article.

  10. Is neutrino decay really ruled out as a solution to the atmospheric neutrino problem from Super-Kamiokande data?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhya Choubey; Srubabati Goswami

    2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we do a detailed $\\chi^2$-analysis of the 848 days of Super-Kamiokande(SK) atmospheric neutrino data under the assumptions of $\

  11. M82-F: A Doomed Super Star Cluster?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. J. Smith; J. S. Gallagher III

    2001-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We present high dispersion echelle spectroscopy of the very luminous, young super star cluster (SSC) `F' in M82, obtained with the 4.2-m William Herschel Telescope (WHT), for the purpose of deriving its dynamical mass and assessing whether it will survive to become an old globular cluster. We measure a stellar velocity dispersion of 13.4 +/- 0.7 km/s, a projected half-light radius of 2.8 +/- 0.3 pc from archival HST/WFPC2 images, and derive a dynamical mass of 1.2 +/- 0.1 x 10^6 solar masses, demonstrating that M82-F is a very massive, compact cluster. We determine that the current visual luminosity-to-mass ratio for M82-F is 45 +/- 13. Comparison with spectral synthesis models shows that the visual luminosity-to-mass ratio is a factor of 5 higher than that predicted for a standard Kroupa (2001) initial mass function (IMF) at the well-determined age for M82-F of 60 +/- 20 Myr. This high value of the visual luminosity-to-mass ratio indicates a deficit of low mass stars in M82-F; the current mass function (MF) evidently is `top-heavy'. We find that a lower mass cutoff of 2-3 solar masses is required to match the observations for a MF with a slope of 2.3. Since the cluster apparently lacks long-lived low mass stars, it will not become an old globular cluster. We also derive up-dated luminosity-to-mass ratios for the younger SSCs NGC 1569A and NGC 1705-1. We discuss the implications of our findings in the context of large scale IMF variations; with the present data the top-heavy MF could reflect a local mass segregation effect during the birth of the cluster.

  12. Super Boiler 2nd Generation Technology for Watertube Boilers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mr. David Cygan; Dr. Joseph Rabovitser

    2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes Phase I of a proposed two phase project to develop and demonstrate an advanced industrial watertube boiler system with the capability of reaching 94% (HHV) fuel-to-steam efficiency and emissions below 2 ppmv NOx, 2 ppmv CO, and 1 ppmv VOC on natural gas fuel. The boiler design would have the capability to produce >1500 F, >1500 psig superheated steam, burn multiple fuels, and will be 50% smaller/lighter than currently available watertube boilers of similar capacity. This project is built upon the successful Super Boiler project at GTI. In that project that employed a unique two-staged intercooled combustion system and an innovative heat recovery system to reduce NOx to below 5 ppmv and demonstrated fuel-to-steam efficiency of 94% (HHV). This project was carried out under the leadership of GTI with project partners Cleaver-Brooks, Inc., Nebraska Boiler, a Division of Cleaver-Brooks, and Media and Process Technology Inc., and project advisors Georgia Institute of Technology, Alstom Power Inc., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Phase I of efforts focused on developing 2nd generation boiler concepts and performance modeling; incorporating multi-fuel (natural gas and oil) capabilities; assessing heat recovery, heat transfer and steam superheating approaches; and developing the overall conceptual engineering boiler design. Based on our analysis, the 2nd generation Industrial Watertube Boiler when developed and commercialized, could potentially save 265 trillion Btu and $1.6 billion in fuel costs across U.S. industry through increased efficiency. Its ultra-clean combustion could eliminate 57,000 tons of NOx, 460,000 tons of CO, and 8.8 million tons of CO2 annually from the atmosphere. Reduction in boiler size will bring cost-effective package boilers into a size range previously dominated by more expensive field-erected boilers, benefiting manufacturers and end users through lower capital costs.

  13. Gas giant planets as dynamical barriers to inward-migrating super-Earths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Izidoro, Andre; Morbidelli, Alessandro; Hersant, Franck; Pierens, Arnaud

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Planets of 1-4 times Earth's size on orbits shorter than 100 days exist around 30-50% of all Sun-like stars. In fact, the Solar System is particularly outstanding in its lack of "hot super-Earths" (or "mini-Neptunes"). These planets -- or their building blocks -- may have formed on wider orbits and migrated inward due to interactions with the gaseous protoplanetary disk. Here, we use a suite of dynamical simulations to show that gas giant planets act as barriers to the inward migration of super-Earths initially placed on more distant orbits. Jupiter's early formation may have prevented Uranus and Neptune (and perhaps Saturn's core) from becoming hot super-Earths. Our model predicts that the populations of hot super-Earth systems and Jupiter-like planets should be anti-correlated: gas giants (especially if they form early) should be rare in systems with many hot super-Earths. Testing this prediction will constitute a crucial assessment of the validity of the migration hypothesis for the origin of close-in supe...

  14. Attenuation of super-soft X-ray sources by circumstellar material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nielsen, Mikkel

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent studies have suggested the possibility of significantly obscuring super-soft X-ray sources in relatively modest amounts of local matter lost from the binaries themselves. If correct, then this would have explained the paucity of observed super-soft X-ray sources and would have significance for the search for single-degenerate type Ia supernova progenitors. We point out that earlier studies of circumbinary obscuration ignored photo-ionisations of the gas by the emission from the super-soft X-ray source. We revisit the problem using a full, self-consistent calculation of the ionisation state of the circumbinary material photo-ionised by the radiation of the central source. Our results show that the circumstellar mass-loss rates required for obcuration of super-soft X-ray sources is about an order of magnitude larger than those reported in earlier studies, for comparable model parameters. While this does not entrirely rule out the possibility of circumstellar material obscuring super-soft X-ray sources, i...

  15. New Mexico cloud super cooled liquid water survey final report 2009.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beavis, Nick; Roskovensky, John K.; Ivey, Mark D.

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Los Alamos and Sandia National Laboratories are partners in an effort to survey the super-cooled liquid water in clouds over the state of New Mexico in a project sponsored by the New Mexico Small Business Assistance Program. This report summarizes the scientific work performed at Sandia National Laboratories during the 2009. In this second year of the project a practical methodology for estimating cloud super-cooled liquid water was created. This was accomplished through the analysis of certain MODIS sensor satellite derived cloud products and vetted parameterizations techniques. A software code was developed to analyze multiple cases automatically. The eighty-one storm events identified in the previous year effort from 2006-2007 were again the focus. Six derived MODIS products were obtained first through careful MODIS image evaluation. Both cloud and clear-sky properties from this dataset were determined over New Mexico. Sensitivity studies were performed that identified the parameters which most influenced the estimation of cloud super-cooled liquid water. Limited validation was undertaken to ensure the soundness of the cloud super-cooled estimates. Finally, a path forward was formulized to insure the successful completion of the initial scientific goals which include analyzing different of annual datasets, validation of the developed algorithm, and the creation of a user-friendly and interactive tool for estimating cloud super-cooled liquid water.

  16. Realization of effective super Tonks-Girardeau gases via strongly attractive one-dimensional Fermi gases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Shu; Yin Xiangguo; Guan Liming [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Guan Xiwen [Department of Theoretical Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Batchelor, M. T. [Department of Theoretical Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Mathematical Sciences Institute, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A significant feature of the one-dimensional super Tonks-Girardeau gas is its metastable gas-like state with a stronger Fermi-like pressure than for free fermions which prevents a collapse of atoms. This naturally suggests a way to search for such strongly correlated behavior in systems of interacting fermions in one dimension. We thus show that the strongly attractive Fermi gas without polarization can be effectively described by a super Tonks-Girardeau gas composed of bosonic Fermi pairs with attractive pair-pair interaction. A natural description of such super Tonks-Girardeau gases is provided by Haldane generalized exclusion statistics. In particular, they are equivalent to ideal particles obeying more exclusive statistics than Fermi-Dirac statistics.

  17. Super Energy Savings Performance Contracts: Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) Program Overview (revision)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pitchford, P.

    2001-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This four-page publication describes the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) streamlined energy savings performance contracting, or ''Super ESPC,'' process, which is managed by DOE's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). Under a Super ESPC, a qualifying energy service company (ESCO) from the private sector pays for energy efficiency improvements or advanced renewable energy technologies (e.g., photovoltaic systems, wind turbines, or geothermal heat pumps, among others) for a facility of a government agency. The ESCO is then repaid over time from the agency's resulting energy cost savings. Delivery orders under these contracts specify the level of performance (energy savings) and the repayment schedule; the contract term can be up to 25 years, although many Super ESPCs are for about 10 years or less.

  18. Testing the Dark Matter Interpretation of the DAMA/LIBRA Result with Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathan L. Feng; Jason Kumar; John Learned; Louis E. Strigari

    2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the prospects for testing the dark matter interpretation of the DAMA/LIBRA signal with the Super-Kamiokande experiment. The DAMA/LIBRA signal favors dark matter with low mass and high scattering cross section. We show that these characteristics imply that the scattering cross section that enters the DAMA/LIBRA event rate determines the annihilation rate probed by Super-Kamiokande. Current limits from Super-Kamiokande through-going events do not test the DAMA/LIBRA favored region. We show, however, that upcoming analyses including fully-contained events with sensitivity to dark matter masses from 5 to 10 GeV may corroborate the DAMA/LIBRA signal. We conclude by considering three specific dark matter candidates, neutralinos, WIMPless dark matter, and mirror dark matter, which illustrate the various model-dependent assumptions entering our analysis.

  19. The Solar Neutrino Day/Night Effect in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Burghard Smy; for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    2003-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The time variation of the elastic scattering rate of solar neutrinos with electrons in Super-Kamiokande-I was fit to the day/night variations expected from active two-neutrino oscillations in the Large Mixing Angle region. Combining Super-Kamiokande measurements with other solar and reactor neutrino data, the mixing angle is determined as sin^2theta=0.276+0.033-0.026 and the mass squared difference between the two neutrino mass eigenstates as Delta m^2=7.1+0.6-0.5x10^-5eV^2. For the best fit parameters, a day/night asymmetry of -1.7+-1.6(stat)+1.3-1.2(syst)% was determined from the Super-Kamiokande data, which has improved statistical precision over previous measurements and is in excellent agreement with the expected value of -1.6%.

  20. A Multichannel Edge-Weighted Centroidal Voronoi Tessellation Algorithm for 3D Super-alloy Image Segmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Song

    in modern industry. Different applications may require super- alloys to have different mechanical algorithm than the comparison methods. 1. Introduction Super-alloys have been playing a very important role or physical properties, such as lightness, hardness, stiffness, electrical conduc- tivity and fluid

  1. Sub-to super-ambient temperature programmable microfabricated gas chromatography column

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Robinson, Alex L.; Anderson, Lawrence F.

    2004-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A sub- to super-ambient temperature programmable microfabricated gas chromatography column enables more efficient chemical separation of chemical analytes in a gas mixture by combining a thermoelectric cooler and temperature sensing on the microfabricated column. Sub-ambient temperature programming enables the efficient separation of volatile organic compounds and super-ambient temperature programming enables the elution of less volatile analytes within a reasonable time. The small heat capacity and thermal isolation of the microfabricated column improves the thermal time response and power consumption, both important factors for portable microanalytical systems.

  2. Effective super Tonks-Girardeau gases as ground states of strongly attractive multicomponent fermions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yin Xiangguo; Chen Shu [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Guan Xiwen [Department of Theoretical Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Batchelor, M. T. [Department of Theoretical Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Mathematical Sciences Institute, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In the strong interaction limit, attractive fermions with N-component hyperfine states in a one-dimensional waveguide form unbreakable bound cluster states. We demonstrate that the ground state of strongly attractive SU(N) Fermi gases can be effectively described by a super Tonks-Girardeau gaslike state composed of bosonic cluster states with strongly attractive cluster-cluster interaction for even N and a Fermi duality of a super Tonks-Girardeau gaslike state composed of fermionic cluster states with weakly interacting cluster-cluster p-wave interaction for odd N.

  3. Super-?erenkov Radiation as New Exotic Decay in Refractive Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. B. Ion; M. L. D. Ion

    2010-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Generalized Super-\\v{C}erenkov Radiations (S\\v{C}R), as well as their S\\v{C}R-signatures are investigated. Two general S\\v{C}R-coherence conditions are found as two natural extremes of the same spontaneous particles decays in (dielectric, nuclear or hadronic) media. The main results on the experimental test of the super-coherence conditions, obtained by using the experimental data from BNL, are presented. The interpretation of the observed anomalous \\v{C}erenkov rings as experimental evidence for the HE-component of the S\\v{C}R is discussed.

  4. SuperB Bunch-By-Bunch Feedback R&D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drago, A.; Beretta, M.; /Frascati; Bertsche, K.; Novokhatski, A.; /SLAC; Migliorati, M.; /Rome U.

    2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The SuperB project has the goal to build in Italy, in the Frascati or Tor Vergata area, an asymmetric e{sup +}/e{sup -} Super Flavor Factory to achieve a peak luminosity > 10**36 cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}. The SuperB design is based on collisions with extremely low vertical emittance beams and high beam currents. A source of emittance growth comes from the bunch by bunch feedback systems producing high power correction signals to damp the beams. To limit any undesirable effect, a large R&D program is in progress, partially funded by the INFN Fifth National Scientific Committee through the SFEED (SuperB Feedback) project approved within the 2010 budget. The SuperB project [1] has the goal to build in Italy, in the Frascati or Tor Vergata area, an asymmetric e{sup +}/e{sup -} Super Flavor Factory to achieve a peak luminosity > 10**36 cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}. In the last and current years, the machine layout has been deeply modified, in particular the main rings are now shorter and an option with high currents has been foreseen. In the fig.1 the new SuperB layout is shown. From bunch-by-bunch feedback point of view, the simultaneous presence in the machine parameters, of very low emittance, of the order of 5-10 pm in the vertical plane, and very high currents, at level of 4 Ampere for the Low Energy Ring, asks for designing very carefully the bunch-by-bunch feedback systems. The parameter list is presented in Fig. 2. The bunch-by-bunch feedback design must take care of the risky and exciting challenges proposed in the SuperB specifications, but it should consider also some other important aspects: flexibility in terms of being able to cope to unexpected beam behaviours [2], [3] legacy of previous version experience [4], [5] and internal powerful diagnostics [6] as in the systems previously used in PEP-II and DAFNE [7].

  5. Direct Measurement of Supernova Neutrino Emission Parameters with a Gadolinium-Enhanced Super-Kamiokande Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasan Yuksel; Shin'ichiro Ando; John Beacom

    2006-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The time-integrated luminosity and average energy of the neutrino emission spectrum are essential diagnostics of core-collapse supernovae. The SN 1987A electron antineutrino observations by the Kamiokande-II and IMB detectors are only roughly consistent with each other and theory. Using new measurements of the star formation rate history, we reinterpret the Super-Kamiokande upper bound on the electron antineutrino flux from all past supernovae as an excluded region in neutrino emission parameter space. A gadolinium-enhanced Super-Kamiokande should be able to jointly measure these parameters, and a future megaton-scale detector would enable precision studies.

  6. Solar Neutrino Precision Measurements using all 1496 Days of Super-Kamiokande-I Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. B. Smy

    2002-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of the entire Super-Kamiokande-I solar neutrino data are presented. The measured interaction rate is 47+-2% of the rate expected by the standard solar model and 133+-5% of the rate implied by the SNO charged-current interaction rate. There is no evidence for spectral distortion or a time dependent neutrino flux. Together with the rates of other experiments, the Super-Kamiokande results imply active solar neutrino oscillations and restrict neutrino mixing and mass square difference to lie within the LMA solution area.

  7. Search for Differences in Oscillation Parameters for Atmospheric Neutrinos and Antineutrinos at Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abe, K; Iida, T; Ikeda, M; Iyogi, K; Kameda, J; Koshio, Y; Kozuma, Y; Miura, M; Moriyama, S; Nakahata, M; Nakayama, S; Obayashi, Y; Sekiya, H; Shiozawa, M; Suzuki, Y; Takeda, A; Takenaga, Y; Takeuchi, Y; Ueno, K; Ueshima, K; Watanabe, H; Yamada, S; Yokozawa, T; Ishihara, C; Kaji, H; Lee, K P; Kajita, T; Kaneyuki, K; McLachlan, T; Okumura, K; Shimizu, Y; Tanimoto, N; Martens, K; Vagins, M R; Labarga, L; Magro, L M; Dufour, F; Kearns, E; Litos, M; Raaf, J L; Stone, J L; Sulak, L R; Goldhaber, M; Bays, K; Kropp, W R; Mine, S; Regis, C; Smy, M B; Sobel, H W; Ganezer, K S; Hill, J; Keig, W E; Jang, J S; Kim, J Y; Lim, I T; Albert, J B; Scholberg, K; Walter, C W; Wendell, R; Wongjirad, T M; Tasaka, S; Learned, J G; Matsuno, S; Hasegawa, T; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Kobayashi, T; Nakadaira, T; Nakamura, K; Nishikawa, K; Nishino, H; Oyama, Y; Sakashita, K; Sekiguchi, T; Tsukamoto, T; Suzuki, A T; Minamino, A; Nakaya, T; Fukuda, Y; Itow, Y; Mitsuka, G; Tanaka, T; Jung, C K; Taylor, I; Yanagisawa, C; Ishino, H; Kibayashi, A; Mino, S; Mori, T; Sakuda, M; Toyota, H; Kuno, Y; Kim, S B; Yang, B S; Ishizuka, T; Okazawa, H; Choi, Y; Nishijima, K; Koshiba, M; Yokoyama, M; Totsuka, Y; Chen, S; Heng, Y; Yang, Z; Zhang, H; Kielczewska, D; Mijakowski, P; Connolly, K; Dziomba, M; Wilkes, R J

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a search for differences in the oscillations of antineutrinos and neutrinos in the Super-Kamiokande -I, -II, and -III atmospheric neutrino sample. Under a two-flavor disappearance model with separate mixing parameters between neutrinos and antineutrinos, we find no evidence for a difference in oscillation parameters. Best fit antineutrino mixing is found to be at (dm2bar, sin2 2 thetabar) = (2.0x10^-3 eV^2, 1.0) and is consistent with the overall Super-K measurement.

  8. Super stable garnet ceramics may be ideal for high-energy lithium batteries

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer. .Energy8 Career DaySunShotSuper HeavySuper|

  9. Why a Super B Factory is Needed. T. E. Browder a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Browder, Tom

    1 1 #12; 2 Why a Super B Factory is Needed. T. E. Browder a a University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2505 Physics. At the LHC and ILC, the propagator particles of the Stan­ dard Model will be studied, are intrinsically quantum mechanical phe­ nomena, sensitive to very high energy scales. The unexpected observation

  10. The Program in Muon and Neutrino Physics: Super Beams, Cold Muon Beams,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Program in Muon and Neutrino Physics: Super Beams, Cold Muon Beams, Neutrino Factory.1 Neutrino Oscillation Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 - 1 3.1.1 Evidence-oscillation physics at a Neutrino Factory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 - 16 iii #12;3.4 Physics that can be done

  11. Request for Support for the Conference on Super Intense Laser Atom Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Todd Ditmire

    2004-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The Conference on Super Intense Laser Atom Physics (SILAP) was held in November 2003 in Dallas, Texas. The venue for the meeting was South Fork Ranch in the outskirts of Dallas. The topics of the meeting included high harmonic generation and attosecond pulse generation, strong field interactions with molecules and clusters, particle acceleration, and relativistic laser atom interactions.

  12. Soft nuclear equations of state for super-massive neutron star

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soft nuclear equations of state for super-massive neutron star K. Miyazaki E-mail: miyazakiro@rio.odn.ne.jp Abstract Two new nuclear equations of state (EOSs) are proposed and are applied to neutron star (NS). They predict the incompressibilities K0 = 179MeV and 230MeV, respectively. The density dependencies of nuclear

  13. Friction experiments with elastography: the slow slip and the super-shear regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Friction experiments with elastography: the slow slip and the super-shear regimes S. Cathelinea , S technique derived from elastography, is used to follow the dynamic of the interface failure in a friction by Amontons in 1699 [1], the resistance to slip of an interface can be modeled by two main frictional states

  14. 2PI Effective Action and Evolution Equations of N = 4 super Yang-Mills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jelena Smolic; Milena Smolic

    2012-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We employ nPI effective action techniques to study N = 4 super Yang-Mills, and write down the 2PI effective action of the theory. We also supply the evolution equations of two-point correlators within the theory.

  15. Linear stability of the sub-to-super inviscid transonic stationary wave for gas flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Weishi

    -dimensional model of isentropic compressible flow through a narrow nozzle with variable cross-section area (see [2-dimensional model of isentropic compressible flows through a nozzle of varying area. This sub-to-super inviscid.P. Liu then focused on transonic waves of gas flow in a nozzle of varying area via the model (1.1) or (1

  16. Super-Elastic and Plastic Shock Waves Generated by Lasers N.A. Inogamov a,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fominov, Yakov

    Super-Elastic and Plastic Shock Waves Generated by Lasers N.A. Inogamov a,1 , V.V. Zhakhovsky b,3 fortov@ihed.ras.ru, i oleynik@usf.edu Keywords: Femtosecond laser-matter interactions, elastic-plastic there is an elastic shock wave (SW), which propagates before the strong plastic shock with plastic pressures of up

  17. Speech enhancement using super-Gaussian speech models and noncausal a priori SNR estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Israel

    Speech enhancement using super-Gaussian speech models and noncausal a priori SNR estimation Israel that the performance of noncausal estimation, when applied to the problem of speech enhancement, is better under has a smaller effect on the enhanced speech signal when using the noncausal a priori SNR estimator

  18. Cryogenic systems for the HEB accelerator of the Superconducting Super Collider

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abramovich, S.; Yuecel, A.

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the following topics related to the Superconducting Super Collider: Cryogenic system -- general requirements; cryogenic system components; heat load budgets and refrigeration plant capacities; flow and thermal characteristics; process descriptions; cryogenic control instrumentation and value engineering trade-offs.

  19. Fast Threat Detection and Localization Using Super-Regenerative Transceiver in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yan

    Fast Threat Detection and Localization Using Super-Regenerative Transceiver in Random Noise Radar-Regenerative (SRG) transceiver as a type of ultra-fast electronics platform for threat detection and localization the Angle-of-Arrival (AOA) information of the inbound threats. Simulations and detailed laboratory

  20. 36Super-fast solar flares ! NASA's Ramaty High Energy Solar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    36Super-fast solar flares ! NASA's Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) satellite has been studying solar flares since 2002. The sequence of figures to the left shows a flaring region hr/3600 sec = 0.98 kilometers/sec. The solar flare blob was traveling at 207 kilometers per second

  1. Classical disordered ground states: Super-ideal gases and stealth and equi-luminous materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torquato, Salvatore

    Classical disordered ground states: Super-ideal gases and stealth and equi-luminous materials of Materials, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA 4 Program in Applied and Computational focus on three classes of configurations with unique radiation scattering characteristics: i "stealth

  2. Summary audit report on lessons learned from the Superconducting Super Collider Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    In October 1993, the Congress decided to terminate the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) project after expending about $1.57 billion on the project. While both internal and external factors contributed to the demise of the project, its cancellation offers the Department a unique opportunity to analyze what went wrong, correct the mistakes, and apply the lessons learned to future large-scale projects.

  3. Mantle dynamics in super-Earths: Post-perovskite rheology and self-regulation of viscosity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tackley, Paul J.

    Mantle dynamics in super-Earths: Post-perovskite rheology and self-regulation of viscosity P, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received a self-regulation of deep mantle temperature. The deep mantle is not adiabatic; instead feedback between

  4. Structural analysis of Herpes Simplex Virus by optical super-resolution imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laine, Romain F.; Albecka, Anna; van de Linde, Sebastian; Rees, Eric J.; Crump, Colin M.; Kaminski, Clemens F.

    2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    ARTICLE Received 30 Sep 2014 | Accepted 27 Nov 2014 | Published 22 Jan 2015 Structural analysis of herpes simplex virus by optical super-resolution imaging Romain F. Laine1,*, Anna Albecka2,*, Sebastian van de Linde3, Eric J. Rees1, Colin M. Crump2...

  5. Earth Regeneration of Solar Neutrinos at SNO and Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Barger; D. Marfatia; K. Whisnant; B. P. Wood

    2001-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the 1258-day Super-Kamiokande day and night solar neutrino energy spectra with various $\\chi^2$ definitions. The best-fit lies in the LMA region at $(\\Delta m^2, tan^2 \\theta)=(5.01\\times 10^{-5} eV^2, 0.60)$, independently of whether systematic errors are included in the $\\chi^2$-definition. We compare the exclusion and allowed regions from the different definitions and choose the most suitable definition to predict the regions from SNO at the end of three years of data accumulation. We first work under the assumption that Super-Kamiokande sees a flux-suppressed flat energy spectrum. Then, we consider the possibility of each one of the three MSW regions being the solution to the solar neutrino problem. We find that the exclusion and allowed regions for the flat spectrum hypothesis and the LMA and LOW solutions are alike. In three years, we expect SNO to find very similar regions to that obtained by Super-Kamiokande. We evaluate whether the zenith angle distribution at SNO with optimum binning will add anything to the analysis of the day and night spectra; for comparison, we show the results of our analysis of the 1258-day zenith angle distribution from Super-Kamiokande, for which the best-fit parameters are $(\\Delta m^2, tan^2 \\theta)=(5.01\\times 10^{-5} eV^2, 0.56)$.

  6. Muon Simulations for Super-Kamiokande, KamLAND and CHOOZ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alfred Tang; Glenn Horton-Smith; Vitaly A. Kudryavtsev; Alessandra Tonazzo

    2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Muon backgrounds at Super-Kamiokande, KamLAND and CHOOZ are calculated using MUSIC. A modified version of the Gaisser sea level muon distribution and a well-tested Monte Carlo integration method are introduced. Average muon energy, flux and rate are tabulated. Plots of average energy and angular distributions are given. Implications on muon tracker design for future experiments are discussed.

  7. Three flavor neutrino oscillation analysis of atmospheric neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Super-Kamiokande collaboration

    2006-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the results of a three-flavor oscillation analysis using Super-Kamiokande~I atmospheric neutrino data, with the assumption of one mass scale dominance ($\\Delta m_{12}^2$$=$0). No significant flux change due to matter effect, which occurs when neutrinos propagate inside the Earth for $\\theta_{13}$$\

  8. Bonus Yangian Symmetry for the Planar S-Matrix of N=4 Super Yang-Mills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beisert, Niklas

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent developments in the determination of the planar S-matrix of N=4 Super Yang-Mills are closely related to its Yangian symmetry. Here we provide evidence for a yet unobserved additional symmetry: the Yangian level-one helicity operator.

  9. Bonus Yangian Symmetry for the Planar S-Matrix of N=4 Super Yang-Mills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niklas Beisert; Burkhard U. W. Schwab

    2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent developments in the determination of the planar S-matrix of N=4 Super Yang-Mills are closely related to its Yangian symmetry. Here we provide evidence for a yet unobserved additional symmetry: the Yangian level-one helicity operator.

  10. Super-resolution in incoherent optical imaging using synthetic aperture with Fresnel elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Joseph

    Super-resolution in incoherent optical imaging using synthetic aperture with Fresnel elements Barak the Rayleigh limit of the system is obtained by tiling digitally several Fresnel holographic elements into a complete Fresnel hologram of the observed object. Each element is acquired by the limited-aperture system

  11. aerogels isolants transparent-super: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aerogels isolants transparent-super First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Recent progress in...

  12. Fast-light for astrophysics: super-sensitive gyroscopes and gravitational wave detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahriar, Selim

    Fast-light for astrophysics: super-sensitive gyroscopes and gravitational wave detectors M. SALIT the sensitivity- bandwidth product of gravitational wave detection and terrestrial measurement of Lense, or even significantly greater, without contradicting any laws of physics. The dispersion profile

  13. BiPo PROTOTYPE FOR SuperNEMO RADIOPURITY MEASUREMENTS M. BONGRAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    and especially the double beta source foils of the SuperNEMO detector1. The expected sensitivity is A(208Tl) (2008)" #12;in selenium foils (40 mg/cm2) with 1 MeV threshold for . Therefore the energy threshold of the detector must be as low as possible. Moreover the energy converted into scintillation light is much lower

  14. SPIN DYNAMIC TOOL DEVELOPMENTS AND STUDY REGARDING THE SuperB PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Long Island, NY, USA U. Wienands, SLAC, Menlo Park, CA, USA Abstract The Zgoubi integrator [1. It is used for simulations of the SuperB storage ring. We present the Zgoubi implementation and the methods. Tracking one particle over one thousand turns with Zgoubi is a matter of one minute. Long term tracking

  15. Design of optimal digital controller for stable super-high-speed permanent-magnet synchronous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Thomas

    collaborative design scheme of a super-high-speed permanent-magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) and its digital stability and performance. Since the systematic design of the PMSM can ensure its stability over the full the efficiency and performance of the PMSM. The unique feature in the proposed optimal V/f control is its design

  16. NEW OPTIMAL HIGH EFFICIENCY DSP-BASED DIGITAL CONTROLLER DESIGN FOR SUPER HIGH-SPEED PERMANENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Thomas

    magnet synchronous motors (PMSM). The PMSMs are a key component for the miniaturic cryocooler of a super high-speed PMSM is an important issue particularly for open-loop control, given that PMSM-speed PMSM is analyzed and some design suggestions are given to maximize this parameter. For ordinary motors

  17. Search for Proton Decay into Muon plus Neutral Kaon in Super-Kamiokande I, II, and III

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regis, C; Hayato, Y; Iyogi, K; Kameda, J; Koshio, Y; Marti, Ll; Miura, M; Moriyama, S; Nakahata, M; Nakayama, S; Obayashi, Y; Sekiya, H; Shiozawa, M; Suzuki, Y; Takeda, A; Takenaga, Y; Ueno, K; Yokozawa, T; Kaji, H; Kajita, T; Kaneyuki, K; Lee, K P; Okumura, K; McLachlan, T; Labarga, L; Kearns, E; Raaf, J L; Stone, J L; Sulak, L R; Goldhaber, M; Bays, K; Carminati, G; Kropp, W R; Mine, S; Renshaw, A; Smy, M B; Sobel, H W; Ganezer, K S; Hill, J; Keig, W E; Jang, J S; Kim, J Y; Lim, I T; Albert, J B; Scholberg, K; Walter, C W; Wendell, R A; Wongjirad, T; Ishizuka, T; Tasaka, S; Learned, J G; Matsuno, S; Smith, S N; Hasegawa, T; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Kobayashi, T; Nakadaira, T; Nakamura, K; Nishikawa, K; Oyama, Y; Sakashita, K; Sekiguchi, T; Tsukamoto, T; Suzuki, A T; Takeuchi, Y; Ieki, K; Ikeda, M; Kubo, H; Minamino, A; Murakami, A; Nakaya, T; Fukuda, Y; Choi, K; Itow, Y; Mitsuka, G; Miyake, M; Mijakowski, P; Hignight, J; Imber, J; Jung, C K; Taylor, I; Yanagisawa, C; Ishino, H; Kibayashi, A; Mori, T; Sakuda, M; Takeuchi, J; Kuno, Y; Kim, S B; Okazawa, H; Choi, Y; Nishijima, K; Koshiba, M; Totsuka, Y; Yokoyama, M; Martens, K; Vagins, M R; Chen, S; Sui, H; Yang, Z; Zhang, H; Connolly, K; Dziomba, M; Wilkes, R J

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have searched for proton into muon plus neutral kaon using data from a 91.7 kiloton-year exposure of Super-Kamiokande-I, a 49.2 kiloton-year exposure of Super-Kamiokande-II, and a 31.9 kiloton-year exposure of Super-Kamiokande-III. The number of candidate events in the data was consistent with the atmospheric neutrino background expectation and no evidence for proton decay in this mode was found. We set a partial lifetime lower limit of 1.6x10^33 years at the 90% confidence level.

  18. Search for Proton Decay into Muon plus Neutral Kaon in Super-Kamiokande I, II, and III

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration; :; C. Regis; K. Abe; Y. Hayato; K. Iyogi; J. Kameda; Y. Koshio; Ll. Marti; M. Miura; S. Moriyama; M. Nakahata; S. Nakayama; Y. Obayashi; H. Sekiya; M. Shiozawa; Y. Suzuki; A. Takeda; Y. Takenaga; K. Ueno; T. Yokozawa; H. Kaji; T. Kajita; K. Kaneyuki; K. P. Lee; K. Okumura; T. McLachlan; L. Labarga; E. Kearns; J. L. Raaf; J. L. Stone; L. R. Sulak; M. Goldhaber; K. Bays; G. Carminati; W. R. Kropp; S. Mine; A. Renshaw; M. B. Smy; H. W. Sobel; K. S. Ganezer; J. Hill; W. E. Keig; J. S. Jang; J. Y. Kim; I. T. Lim; J. B. Albert; K. Scholberg; C. W. Walter; R. A. Wendell; T. Wongjirad; T. Ishizuka; S. Tasaka; J. G. Learned; S. Matsuno; S. N. Smith; T. Hasegawa; T. Ishida; T. Ishii; T. Kobayashi; T. Nakadaira; K. Nakamura; K. Nishikawa; Y. Oyama; K. Sakashita; T. Sekiguchi; T. Tsukamoto; A. T. Suzuki; Y. Takeuchi; K. Ieki; M. Ikeda; H. Kubo; A. Minamino; A. Murakami; T. Nakaya; Y. Fukuda; K. Choi; Y. Itow; G. Mitsuka; M. Miyake; P. Mijakowski; J. Hignight; J. Imber; C. K. Jung; I. Taylor; C. Yanagisawa; H. Ishino; A. Kibayashi; T. Mori; M. Sakuda; J. Takeuchi; Y. Kuno; S. B. Kim; H. Okazawa; Y. Choi; K. Nishijima; M. Koshiba; Y. Totsuka; M. Yokoyama; K. Martens; M. R. Vagins; S. Chen; H. Sui; Z. Yang; H. Zhang; K. Connolly; M. Dziomba; R. J. Wilkes

    2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We have searched for proton into muon plus neutral kaon using data from a 91.7 kiloton-year exposure of Super-Kamiokande-I, a 49.2 kiloton-year exposure of Super-Kamiokande-II, and a 31.9 kiloton-year exposure of Super-Kamiokande-III. The number of candidate events in the data was consistent with the atmospheric neutrino background expectation and no evidence for proton decay in this mode was found. We set a partial lifetime lower limit of 1.6x10^33 years at the 90% confidence level.

  19. Cellular delivery and site-specific targeting of organic fluorophores for super-resolution imaging in living cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uttamapinant, Chayasith

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent advances in super-resolution fluorescence microscopy have pushed the spatial resolution of biological imaging down to a few nanometers. The key element to the development of such imaging modality is synthetic organic ...

  20. Cover: PNNL's Photovoltaic array produces electricity for our super-computing facility and adjacent car charging stations. IN THIS REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Cover: PNNL's Photovoltaic array produces electricity for our super-computing facility and adjacent car charging stations. #12;IN THIS REPORT 2 Message From the Director 3 PNNL Overview 5

  1. Financial Impact of Energy Efficiency under a Federal Renewable Electricity Standard: Case Study of a Kansas "super-utility"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappers, Peter

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    first-year 2012 cost for wind energy under a power purchasecosts, we assumed that the super-utility had a preference for wind energy.Cost Study of the 2015 Wind Challenge: An Assessment of Wind Energy

  2. TRANSIT CONFIRMATION AND IMPROVED STELLAR AND PLANET PARAMETERS FOR THE SUPER-EARTH HD 97658 b AND ITS HOST STAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Grootel, V.

    Super-Earths transiting nearby bright stars are key objects that simultaneously allow for accurate measurements of both their mass and radius, providing essential constraints on their internal composition. We present here ...

  3. Sur la gestion echantillonnee de l'energie d'un syst`eme -pile `a combustible-super

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Sur la gestion ´echantillonn´ee de l'´energie d'un syst`eme - pile `a combustible la gestion de l'´energie d'un syst`eme compos´e d'une pile `a combustible associ´ee `a un super solliciter dans un premier temps le super condensateur et dans un deuxi`eme temps la pile. Deux strat

  4. Super-allowed beta-decay rates in 1d5/2 shell in Coriolis coupling model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Sultan Parvez; F. Bary Malik

    2009-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The expression for super-allowed beta-decay transition rates have been derived within the context of Coriolis coupling model. The derived expressions, valid for the beta-decay between any two mirror nuclei, has been applied to calculate super-allowed beta-decay transition rates of 21Na, 21Mg, 21Al, and 21Si. The calculated rates agree well with the data and the calculations done using the shell model with configuration admixture.

  5. Atomic-scale observation of parallel development of super elasticity and reversible plasticity in GaAs nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bao, Peite; Du, Sichao; Zheng, Rongkun, E-mail: rongkun.zheng@sydney.edu.au [School of Physics, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Wang, Yanbo; Liao, Xiaozhou, E-mail: xiaozhou.liao@sydney.edu.au [School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Cui, Xiangyuan; Yen, Hung-Wei; Kong Yeoh, Wai; Ringer, Simon P. [School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Australian Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Gao, Qiang; Hoe Tan, H.; Jagadish, Chennupati [Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Liu, Hongwei [Australian Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Zou, Jin [Materials Engineering and Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072 (Australia)

    2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the atomic-scale observation of parallel development of super elasticity and reversible dislocation-based plasticity from an early stage of bending deformation until fracture in GaAs nanowires. While this phenomenon is in sharp contrast to the textbook knowledge, it is expected to occur widely in nanostructures. This work indicates that the super recoverable deformation in nanomaterials is not simple elastic or reversible plastic deformation in nature, but the coupling of both.

  6. FEMP case study: Regional super ESPC saves energy and dollars at NASA Johnson Space Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pitchford, P.; Dominick, J.

    1999-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This case study describes the new energy-efficient equipment being installed at NASA Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, to save nearly $2 million per year in energy and utility costs. The work is being done under a delivery order by Honeywell, Inc., as part of a US Department of Energy ``super'' regional energy savings performance contract, or Super ESPC. These are streamlined contracts that allow Federal agencies to contract with competitively selected energy service companies in their region for a variety of energy- and water-efficient products and services. The service companies pay up-front capital costs and are reimbursed with part of the agency's utility cost savings. In this work, NASA Johnson Space Center will get new energy-efficient lighting and compressed-air systems, water-conserving fixtures, and improved controls.

  7. N = 4 Super-Yang-Mills on Conic Space as Hologram of STU Topological Black Hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xing Huang; Yang Zhou

    2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct four-dimensional N=4 super-Yang-Mills theories on a conic sphere with various background R-symmetry gauge fields. We study free energy and supersymmetric Renyi entropy using heat kernel method as well as localization technique. We find that the universal contribution to the partition function in the free field limit is the same as that in the strong coupling limit, which implies that it may be protected by supersymmetry. Based on the fact that, the conic sphere can be conformally mapped to $S^1\\times H^3$ and the R-symmetry background fields can be supported by the R-charges of black hole, we propose that the holographic dual of these theories are five-dimensional, supersymmetric STU topological black holes. We demonstrate perfect agreement between N=4 super-Yang-Mills theories in the planar limit and the STU topological black holes.

  8. The peculiar case of the "double-humped" super-luminous supernova SN2006oz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rachid Ouyed; Denis Leahy

    2012-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    SN2006oz is a super-luminous supernova with a mysterious bright precursor that has resisted explanation in standard models. However, such a precursor has been predicted in the dual-shock quark nova (dsQN) model of super-luminous supernovae -- the precursor is the SN event while the main light curve of the SLSN is powered by the Quark-Nova (QN; explosive transition of the neutron star to a quark star). As the SN is fading, the QN re-energizes the SN ejecta, producing a "double-humped" light curve. In this paper, we show the dsQN model successfully reproduces the observed light curve of SN2006oz.

  9. Final Report, Volume 3, Guidance Document for the Evaluation of Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hariharan, Vasudevan; Lundin, Carl, D.

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Volume 3 comprises of the Development of Qualification Standards for Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steel (A890-5A) which is equivalent to wrought 2507. The objective of this work was to determine the suitability of ASTM A923 Standard Test methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic Phase in Duplex Austenitic-Ferritic Stainless Steels for 25 Cr Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steels (ASTM A890-5A). The various tests which were carried out were ASTM A923 Test Method A, B and C (Sodium Hydroxide Etch Test, Charpy Impact Test and Ferric Chloride Corrosion Test), ferrite measurement using Feritscope{reg_sign}, ASTM E562 Manual Point Count Method and X-Ray Diffraction, hardness measurement using Rockwell B and C and microstructural analysis using SEM and EDS.

  10. M5-Branes, D4-Branes and Quantum 5D super-Yang-Mills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neil Lambert; Constantinos Papageorgakis; Maximilian Schmidt-Sommerfeld

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We revisit the relation of the six-dimensional (2,0) M5-brane Conformal Field Theory compactified on a circle to 5D maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills Gauge Theory. We show that in the broken phase 5D super-Yang-Mills contains a spectrum of soliton states that can be identified with the complete Kaluza-Klein modes of an M2-brane ending on the M5-branes. This provides evidence that the (2,0) theory on a circle is equivalent to 5D super-Yang-Mills with no additional UV degrees of freedom, suggesting that the latter is in fact a well-defined quantum theory and possibly finite.

  11. Infrared Safe Observables in ${\\cal N}=4$ Super Yang-Mills Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. V. Bork; D. I. Kazakov; G. S. Vartanov; A. V. Zhiboedov

    2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The infrared structure of MHV gluon amplitudes in ${\\cal N}=4$ super Yang-Mills theory is considered in the next-to-leading order of PT. Explicit cancelation of the infrared divergencies in properly defined cross-sections is demonstrated. The remaining finite parts for some inclusive differential cross-sections are calculated analytically. In general, contrary to the virtual corrections, they do not reveal any simple structure.

  12. Superspace Formulation of N=4 Super Yang-Mills Theory with a Central Charge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun Saito

    2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A superspace formulation using superconnections and supercurvatures is specifically constructed for N=4 extended super Yang-Mills theory with a central charge in four dimensions, first proposed by Sohnius, Stelle and West long ago. We find that the constraints, almost uniquely derived from the possible spin structure of the multiplet, can be algebraically solved which results in an off-shell supersymmetric formulation of the theory on the superspace.

  13. Experimental Ion Exchange Column With SuperLig 639 And Simulant Formulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morse, Megan; Nash, C.

    2013-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    SuperLig®639 ion exchange resin was tested as a retrieval mechanism for pertechnetate, through decontamination of a perrhenate spiked 5M Simple Average Na{sup +} Mass Based Simulant. Testing included batch contacts and a three-column ion exchange campaign. A decontamination of perrhenate exceeding 99% from the liquid feed was demonstrated. Analysis of the first formulation of a SBS/WESP simulant found unexpectedly low concentrations of soluble aluminum. Follow-on work will complete the formulation.

  14. High-Efficiency Retrofit Lessons for Retail from a SuperTarget: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Langner, R.; Deru, M.; Hirsch, A.; Williams, S.

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory partnered with Target under the Commercial Building Program to design and implement a retrofit of a SuperTarget in Thornton, CO. The result was a retrofit design that predicted 37% energy savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004, and 29% compared to existing (pre-retrofit) store consumption. The largest savings came from energy efficient lighting, energy efficient cooling systems, improved refrigeration, and better control of plug loads.

  15. SOWFA Super-Controller: A High-Fidelity Tool for Evaluating Wind Plant Control Approaches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fleming, P.; Gebraad, P.; van Wingerden, J. W.; Lee, S.; Churchfield, M.; Scholbrock, A.; Michalakes, J.; Johnson, K.; Moriarty, P.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a new tool for testing wind plant controllers in the Simulator for Offshore Wind Farm Applications (SOWFA). SOWFA is a high-fidelity simulator for the interaction between wind turbine dynamics and the fluid flow in a wind plant. The new super-controller testing environment in SOWFA allows for the implementation of the majority of the wind plant control strategies proposed in the literature.

  16. Spontaneous fission modes and lifetimes of super-heavy elements in the nuclear density functional theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Staszczak; A. Baran; W. Nazarewicz

    2012-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Lifetimes of super-heavy (SH) nuclei are primarily governed by alpha decay and spontaneous fission (SF). Here we study the competing decay modes of even-even SH isotopes with 108 cold fusion" and "hot fusion" reactions. The region of long-lived SH nuclei is expected to be centered on $^{294}$Ds with a total half-life of ?1.5 days.

  17. Anisotropy of the primary cosmic-ray flux in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuichi Oyama

    2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A first-ever 2-dimensional celestial map of primary cosmic-ray flux was obtained from 2.10x10^8 cosmic-ray muons accumulated in 1662.0 days of Super-Kamiokande. The celestial map indicates an (0.104 \\pm 0.020)% excess region in the constellation of Taurus and a -(0.094 \\pm 0.014)% deficit region toward Virgo. Interpretations of this anisotropy are discussed.

  18. Implications of Super-Kamiokande atmospheric low-energy data for solar neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Giunti; C. W. Kim; U. W. Lee; V. A. Naumov

    1999-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that the high-Delta m^2 part of the large mixing angle MSW solution of the solar neutrino problem is disfavored by the Super-Kamiokande data for low-energy upward-going events. A quantitative bound is obtained in the three-neutrino scheme with a negligibly small element U_{e3} of the neutrino mixing matrix, as indicated by the result of the CHOOZ long-baseline antinu_e->antinu_e oscillation experiment.

  19. High-Energy Neutrino Astronomy with the Super-Kamiokande Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Habig

    2005-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Super-Kamiokande experiment has collected a large sample of high-energy neutrino events. These are primarily atmospheric neutrinos, but a bright enough astrophysical source could also be visible. The data have been examined for possible point and bursting neutrino sources, as well as possible WIMP annihilation signatures. No significant evidence for such sources have been found, and the resulting flux limits have been calculated.

  20. Supernova Relic Neutrino Search with Neutron Tagging at Super-Kamiokande-IV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A search for Supernova Relic neutrinos in the energy range 13.3 MeV $Super-Kamiokande-IV is conducted using 960 days of data. We identify 13 inverse-beta-decay candidates, all of which can be attributed to background. In the absence of a signal, 90% C.L. upper limits are calculated with respect to different models. A differential flux upper limit is also given with no model dependence.

  1. A Measurement of Atmospheric Neutrino Oscillation Parameters by Super-Kamiokande I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a combined analysis of fully-contained, partially-contained and upward-going muon atmospheric neutrino data from a 1489 day exposure of the Super--Kamiokande detector. The data samples span roughly five decades in neutrino energy, from 100 MeV to 10 TeV. A detailed Monte Carlo comparison is described and presented. The data is fit to the Monte Carlo expectation, and is found to be consistent with neutrino oscillations of $\

  2. Strong Super-additivity of the entanglement of formation for pure stabilizer states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Fattal; Keiji Matsumoto

    2007-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove the strong super-additivity of the entanglement of formation for stabilizer pure states, and the set of mixed states which minimize their average entropy of entanglement as a mixture of stabilizer pure states sharing the same stabilizer group up to phases. The implications of the result on the additivity of the Holevo capacity of a quantum channel transmitting stabilizer states with Pauli noise is discussed.

  3. Nonlocal Charges for Bonus Yangian Symmetries of Super-Yang-Mills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berkovits, Nathan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The existence of a "bonus" U(1) level-one Yangian symmetry of N=4 super-Yang-Mills has recently been proposed. We provide evidence for this proposal by constructing the BRST-invariant nonlocal charge in the pure spinor sigma model corresponding to this bonus level-one symmetry. We also construct analogous charges for bonus U(1) symmetries at all odd levels of the Yangian.

  4. Nonlocal Charges for Bonus Yangian Symmetries of Super-Yang-Mills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathan Berkovits; Andrei Mikhailov

    2011-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The existence of a "bonus" U(1) level-one Yangian symmetry of N=4 super-Yang-Mills has recently been proposed. We provide evidence for this proposal by constructing the BRST-invariant nonlocal charge in the pure spinor sigma model corresponding to this bonus level-one symmetry. We also construct analogous charges for bonus U(1) symmetries at all odd levels of the Yangian.

  5. A bipolar monolithic preamplifier for high-capacitance SSC (Superconducting Super Collider) silicon calorimetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Britton, C.L. Jr. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Kennedy, E.J. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Bugg, W.M. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA). Dept. of Physics)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a preamplifier designed and fabricated specifically to address the requirements of silicon calorimetry for the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC). The topology and its features are discussed in addition to the design methodology employed. The simulated and measured results for noise, power consumption, and speed are presented. Simulated an measured data for radiation damage effects as well as data for post-damage annealing are also presented. 8 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

  6. HIGH ENERGY PULSED POWER SYSTEM FOR AGS SUPER NEUTRINO FOCUSING HORN.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ZHANG, S.Y.; SANDBERG, J.; WENG, W.-T.

    2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper present a preliminary design of a 300 kA, 2.5 Hz pulsed power system. This system will drive the focusing horn of proposed Brookhaven AGS Neutrino Super Beam Facility for Very Long Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Experiment. The peak output power of the horn pulsed power system will reach Giga-watts, and the upgraded AGS will be capable of delivering 1 MW in beam power.

  7. Probing New Physics Models of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with SuperNEMO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Arnold; C. Augier; J. Baker; A. S. Barabash; A. Basharina-Freshville; M. Bongrand; V. Brudanin; A. J. Caffrey; S. Cebrián; A. Chapon; E. Chauveau; Th. Dafni; F. F. Deppisch; J. Diaz; D. Durand; V. Egorov; J. J. Evans; R. Flack; K-I. Fushima; I. García Irastorza; X. Garrido; H. Gómez; B. Guillon; A. Holin; K. Holy; J. J. Horkley; Ph. Hubert; C. Hugon; F. J. Iguaz; N. Ishihara; C. M. Jackson; S. Jullian; M. Kauer; O. Kochetov; S. I. Konovalov; V. Kovalenko; T. Lamhamdi; K. Lang; G. Lutter; G. Luzón; F. Mamedov; Ch. Marquet; F. Mauger; F. Monrabal; A. Nachab; I. Nasteva; I. Nemchenok; C. H. Nguyen; M. Nomachi; F. Nova; H. Ohsumi; R. B. Pahlka; F. Perrot; F. Piquemal; P. P. Povinec; B. Richards; J. S. Ricol; C. L. Riddle; A. Rodríguez; R. Saakyan; X. Sarazin; J. K. Sedgbeer; L. Serra; Yu. Shitov; L. Simard; F. Šimkovic; S. Söldner-Rembold; I. Štekl; C. S. Sutton; Y. Tamagawa; J. Thomas; V. Timkin; V. Tretyak; Vl. I. Tretyak; V. I. Umatov; I. A. Vanyushin; R. Vasiliev; V. Vasiliev; V. Vorobel; D. Waters; N. Yahlali; A. Žukauskas

    2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The possibility to probe new physics scenarios of light Majorana neutrino exchange and right-handed currents at the planned next generation neutrinoless double beta decay experiment SuperNEMO is discussed. Its ability to study different isotopes and track the outgoing electrons provides the means to discriminate different underlying mechanisms for the neutrinoless double beta decay by measuring the decay half-life and the electron angular and energy distributions.

  8. Probing New Physics Models of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with SuperNEMO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, R; Baker, J; Barabash, A S; Basharina-Freshville, A; Bongrand, M; Brudanin, V; Caffrey, A J; Cebrián, S; Chapon, A; Chauveau, E; Dafni, Th; Deppisch, F F; Diaz, J; Durand, D; Egorov, V; Evans, J J; Flack, R; Fushima, K-I; Irastorza, I García; Garrido, X; Gómez, H; Guillon, B; Holin, A; Holy, K; Horkey, J J; Hubert, Ph; Hugon, C; Iguaz, F J; Ishihara, N; Jackson, C M; Jullian, S; Kauer, M; Kochetov, O; Konovalov, S I; Kovalenko, V; Lamhamdi, T; Lang, K; Lutter, G; Luzón, G; Mamedov, F; Marquet, Ch; Mauger, F; Monrabal, F; Nachab, A; Nasteva, I; Nemchenok, I; Nguyen, C H; Nomachi, M; Nova, F; Ohsumi, H; Pahlka, R B; Perrot, F; Piquemal, F; Povinec, P P; Richards, B; Ricol, J S; Riddle, C L; Rodríguez, A; Saakyan, R; Sarazin, X; Sedgbeer, J K; Serra, L; Shitov, Yu; Simard, L; Šimkovic, F; Söldner-Rembold, S; Štekl, I; Sutton, C S; Tamagawa, Y; Thomas, J; Timkin, V; Tretyak, V; Tretyak, Vl I; Umatov, V I; Vanyushin, I A; Vasiliev, R; Vasiliev, V; Vorobel, V; Waters, D; Yahlali, N; Žukauskas, A

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The possibility to probe new physics scenarios of light Majorana neutrino exchange and right-handed currents at the planned next generation neutrinoless double beta decay experiment SuperNEMO is discussed. Its ability to study different isotopes and track the outgoing electrons provides the means to discriminate different underlying mechanisms for the neutrinoless double beta decay by measuring the decay half-life and the electron angular and energy distributions.

  9. Plasma Heating to Super-Hot Temperatures (>30 MK) in the August 9, 2011 Solar Flare

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharykin, I N; Zimovets, I V

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the August 9, 2011 solar flare of X-ray class X6.9, the "hottest" flare from 2000 to 2012, with a peak plasma temperature according to GOES data of 32.5 MK. Our goal is to determine the cause of such an anomalously high plasma temperature and to investigate the energy balance in the flare region with allowance made for the presence of a super-hot plasma (>30 MK). We analyze the RHESSI, GOES, AIA/SDO, and EVE/SDO data and discuss the spatial structure of the flare region and the results of our spectral analysis of its X-ray emission. Our analysis of the RHESSI X-ray spectra is performed in the one-temperature and two-temperature approximations by taking into account the emission of hot (20 MK) and super-hot (45 MK) plasmas. The hard X-ray spectrum in both models is fitted by power laws. The observed peculiarities of the flare are shown to be better explained in terms of the two-temperature model, in which the super-hot plasma is located at the flare loop tops (or in the magnetic cusp region). Th...

  10. Burst wait time simulation of CALIBAN reactor at delayed super-critical state

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Humbert, P. [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique CEA, Centre de Bruyeres-le-Chatel, 91297 Arpajon (France); Authier, N.; Richard, B.; Grivot, P.; Casoli, P. [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique CEA, Centre de Valduc, 21120 Is-sur-Tille (France)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the past, the super prompt critical wait time probability distribution was measured on CALIBAN fast burst reactor [4]. Afterwards, these experiments were simulated with a very good agreement by solving the non-extinction probability equation [5]. Recently, the burst wait time probability distribution has been measured at CEA-Valduc on CALIBAN at different delayed super-critical states [6]. However, in the delayed super-critical case the non-extinction probability does not give access to the wait time distribution. In this case it is necessary to compute the time dependent evolution of the full neutron count number probability distribution. In this paper we present the point model deterministic method used to calculate the probability distribution of the wait time before a prescribed count level taking into account prompt neutrons and delayed neutron precursors. This method is based on the solution of the time dependent adjoint Kolmogorov master equations for the number of detections using the generating function methodology [8,9,10] and inverse discrete Fourier transforms. The obtained results are then compared to the measurements and Monte-Carlo calculations based on the algorithm presented in [7]. (authors)

  11. The Diffuse Supernova Neutrino Background is detectable in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shunsaku Horiuchi; John F. Beacom; Eli Dwek

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Diffuse Supernova Neutrino Background (DSNB) provides an immediate opportunity to study the emission of MeV thermal neutrinos from core-collapse supernovae. The DSNB is a powerful probe of stellar and neutrino physics, provided that the core-collapse rate is large enough and that its uncertainty is small enough. To assess the important physics enabled by the DSNB, we start with the cosmic star formation history of Hopkins & Beacom (2006) and confirm its normalization and evolution by cross-checks with the supernova rate, extragalactic background light, and stellar mass density. We find a sufficient core-collapse rate with small uncertainties that translate into a variation of +/- 40% in the DSNB event spectrum. Considering thermal neutrino spectra with effective temperatures between 4-6 MeV, the predicted DSNB is within a factor 4-2 below the upper limit obtained by Super-Kamiokande in 2003. Furthermore, detection prospects would be dramatically improved with a gadolinium-enhanced Super-Kamiokande: the backgrounds would be significantly reduced, the fluxes and uncertainties converge at the lower threshold energy, and the predicted event rate is 1.2-5.6 events /yr in the energy range 10-26 MeV. These results demonstrate the imminent detection of the DSNB by Super-Kamiokande and its exciting prospects for studying stellar and neutrino physics.

  12. Heat treatment temperature influence on ASTM A890 GR 6A super duplex stainless steel microstructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martins, Marcelo [SULZER BRASIL S/A - FUNDINOX DIVISION (Brazil); Centro Universitario Salesiano de Sao Paulo (Brazil); E-mail: marcelo.martins@sulzer.com; Casteletti, Luiz Carlos [Materials, Aeronautics and Automobiles Engineering Department at the Sao Carlos Engineering School of the Sao Paulo University (USP) (Brazil)

    2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Duplex and super duplex stainless steels are ferrous alloys with up to 26% chromium, 8% nickel, 5% molybdenum and 0.3% nitrogen, which are largely used in applications in media containing ions from the halogen family, mainly the chloride ion (Cl{sup -}). The emergence of this material aimed at substituting Copper-Nickel alloys (Cupro-Nickel) that despite presenting good corrosion resistance, has mechanical properties quite inferior to steel properties. The metallurgy of duplex and super duplex stainless steel is complex due to high sensitiveness to sigma phase precipitation that becomes apparent, due to the temperatures they are exposed on cooling from solidification as well as from heat treatment processes. The objective of this study was to verify the influence of heat treating temperatures on the microstructure and hardness of ASTM A890/A890M Gr 6A super duplex stainless steel type. Microstructure control is of extreme importance for castings, as the chemical composition and cooling during solidification inevitably provide conditions for precipitation of sigma phase. Higher hardness in these materials is directly associated to high sigma phase concentration in the microstructure, precipitated in the ferrite/austenite interface. While heat treatment temperature during solution treatment increases, the sigma phase content in the microstructure decreases and consequently, the material hardness diminishes. When the sigma phase was completely dissolved by the heat treatment, the material hardness was influenced only due to ferrite and austenite contents in the microstructure.

  13. Sigma phase morphologies in cast and aged super duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martins, Marcelo, E-mail: marcelo.martins@sulzer.com [SULZER BRASIL S/A (Brazil); Sao Paulo Salesian University Center (UNISAL), Americana Division, Av. Eng. Joao Fernandes G. Molina, 905 - Distrito Industrial - 13.213-080 Jundiai-SP (Brazil); Casteletti, Luiz Carlos, E-mail: castelet@sc.usp.br [Department of Materials, Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering, Sao Carlos School of Engineering, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Av. Trabalhador Sao Carlense, 400 - 13.566-590 Sao Carlos - SP (Brazil)

    2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Solution annealed and water quenched duplex and super duplex stainless steels are thermodynamically metastable systems at room temperature. These systems do not migrate spontaneously to a thermodynamically stable condition because an energy barrier separates the metastable and stable states. However, any heat input they receive, for example through isothermal treatment or through prolonged exposure to a voltaic arc in the welding process, cause them to reach a condition of stable equilibrium which, for super duplex stainless steels, means precipitation of intermetallic and carbide phases. These phases include the sigma phase, which is easily identified from its morphology, and its influence on the material's impact strength. The purpose of this work was to ascertain how 2-hour isothermal heat treatments at 920 deg. C and 980 deg. C affect the microstructure of ASTM A890/A890M GR 6A super duplex stainless steel. The sigma phase morphologies were found to be influenced by these two aging temperatures, with the material showing a predominantly lacy microstructure when heat treated at 920 deg. C and block-shaped when heat treated at 980 deg. C.

  14. BiPo: A dedicated radiopurity detector for the SuperNEMO experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gómez, H. [Laboratoire de l'Accélérateur Linéaire. Centre Scientifique d'Orsay. Bâtiment 200 - BP 34. 91898 ORSAY Cedex (France)] [Laboratoire de l'Accélérateur Linéaire. Centre Scientifique d'Orsay. Bâtiment 200 - BP 34. 91898 ORSAY Cedex (France); Collaboration: SuperNEMO Collaboration; and others

    2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    New generation experiments in Astroparticle Physics need to operate in really restrictive background conditions, which implies the use of high radiopure materials for the experimental setup construction. For this reason the screening of the materials with enough sensitivity has become a challenge that sometimes cannot be afforded with standard techniques like Germanium detector spectroscopy. BiPo is a dedicated detector, that operates in the Canfranc Underground Laboratory, designed to measure the radiopurity, mainly of the ?? sources of the SuperNEMO experiment, by the detection of BiPo events. It is composed of two modules with 40 optical lines each one, registering the energy and the time of the emitted particles. The well known features of the BiPo events (delayed coincidence between an electron and an alpha particle) facilitate the discrimination of other background events that could entangle the expected signal. In addition, the geometry of the detector, with an active area of around 3.6 m{sup 2}, has been optimized to reach the necessary sensitivity levels for the SuperNEMO source foils in the shortest time possible. Preliminary results of background measurements and calibrations taken since summer 2012 shows that the required sensitivity for the measurements of the source foils could be reached in few months. Routine measurements of samples are already started being an important point for the SuperNEMO source foils construction.

  15. Can very massive Population III stars produce a super-collapsar?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoon, Sung-Chul; Kozyreva, Alexandra

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A fraction of the first generation of stars in the early Universe may be very massive ($\\gtrsim 300~\\mathrm{M_\\odot}$) as they form in metal-free environments. Formation of black holes from these stars can be accompanied by supermassive collapsars to produce long gamma-ray bursts of a unique type having a very high total energy ($\\sim 10^{54}~\\mathrm{erg}$) as recently suggested by several authors. We present new stellar evolution models of very massive Population III stars including the effect of rotation to provide theoretical constraints on super-collapsar progenitors. We find that the angular momentum condition for super-collapsar can be fulfilled if magnetic torques are ignored, in which case Eddington-Sweet circulations play the dominant role for the transport of angular momentum. We further find that the initial mass range for super-collapsar progenitors would be limited to $300~\\mathrm{M_\\odot} \\lesssim M \\lesssim 700~\\mathrm{M_\\odot}$. However, all of our very massive star models of this mass range e...

  16. List of Contributors Peter Abbamonte13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    , Jack Soo51 , Donald Sparks26 , Tom Steitz33 , Peter Stephens9 , Paul Stevens47 , Vivian Stojanoff1313 , Stephen Cheng10 , Ben Chu9 , Noel Clark29 , John Dabrowski13 , Denis Danseglio13 , Frank de Dyling13 , Charles Eddy20 , Tom Ellenberger40 , Ken Evans-Lutterodt13 , Marty Fallier13 , Jeffrey Fitts13

  17. Contributors Part I: Larval Zebrafish Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalueff, Allan V.

    ) Zebrafish Monica Gomes Lima, Caio Maximino, and Anderson Manoel Herculano Chapter 12. Use of a Split Depth de Brito, Annanda Waneza Batista da Silva, Silvio Morato, Anderson Manoel Herculano, and Amauri. Singer, and Mary E. Oswald Chapter 16. Automated Tracking of Zebrafish Shoals and the Analysis

  18. June 5, 2004 OP-ED CONTRIBUTOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to speak with in senior positions of government. When an economic crisis pushed Bolivia's democratically places like Bolivia or Ethiopia is considered hopelessly soft or politically irrelevant in high

  19. The Atmospheric Signatures of Super-Earths: How to Distinguish Between Hydrogen-Rich and Hydrogen-Poor Atmospheres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Miller-Ricci; D. Sasselov; S. Seager

    2008-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Extrasolar super-Earths (1-10 M$_{\\earth}$) are likely to exist with a wide range of atmospheres. Some super-Earths may be able to retain massive hydrogen-rich atmospheres. Others might never accumulate hydrogen or experience significant escape of lightweight elements, resulting in atmospheres more like those of the terrestrial planets in our Solar System. We examine how an observer could differentiate between hydrogen-rich and hydrogen-poor atmospheres by modeling super-Earth emission and transmission spectra, and we find that discrimination is possible by observing the transmission spectrum alone. An Earth-like atmosphere, composed of mostly heavy elements and molecules, will have a very weak transmission signal due to its small atmospheric scale height (since the scale height is inversely proportional to molecular weight). On the other hand, a large hydrogen-rich atmosphere reveals a relatively large transmission signal. The super Earth emission spectrum can additionally contrain the atmospheric composition and temperature structure. Super-Earths with massive hydrogen atmospheres will reveal strong spectral features due to water, whereas those that have lost most of their hydrogen (and have no liquid ocean) will be marked by CO$_2$ features and a lack of H$_2$O. We apply our study specifically to the low-mass planet orbiting an M star, Gl 581c ($M sin i$ = 5 M$_{\\earth}$), although our conclusions are relevant for super-Earths in general. The ability to distinguish hydrogen-rich atmospheres might be essential for interpreting mass and radius observations of planets in the transition between rocky super-Earths and Neptune-like planets.

  20. Formation of Super-Earth Mass Planets at 125-250 AU from a Solar-type Star

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenyon, S J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate pathways for the formation of icy super-Earth mass planets orbiting at 125-250 AU around a 1 solar mass star. An extensive suite of coagulation calculations demonstrates that swarms of 1 cm to 10 m planetesimals can form super-Earth mass planets on time scales of 1-3 Gyr. Collisional damping of 0.01-100 cm particles during oligarchic growth is a highlight of these simulations. In some situations, damping initiates a second runaway growth phase where 100-3000 km protoplanets grow to super-Earth sizes. Our results establish the initial conditions and physical processes required for in situ formation of super-Earth planets at large distances from the host star. For nearby dusty disks in HD 107146, HD 202628, and HD 207129, ongoing super-Earth formation at 80-150 AU could produce gaps and other structures in the debris. In the solar system, forming a putative planet X at a 1000 AU) requires a modest (very massive) protosolar nebula.

  1. Comparative Analysis of Super-Kamiokande and SNO Solar-Neutrino Data and the Photospheric Magnetic Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. A. Sturrock

    2006-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze Super-Kamiokande, SNO, and photospheric magnetic-field data for the common time interval, namely the SNO D2O phase. Concerning rotational modulation, the magnetic-field power spectrum shows the strongest peaks at the second and sixth harmonics of the solar synodic rotation frequency [3 nu(rot) and 7 nu(rot)]. The restricted Super-Kamiokande dataset shows strong modulation at the second harmonic. The SNO D2O dataset shows weak modulation at that frequency, but strong modulation in the sixth-harmonic frequency band. We estimate the significance level of the correspondence of the Super-Kamiokande second-harmonic peak with the corresponding magnetic-field peak to be 0.0004, and the significance level of the correspondence of the SNO D2O sixth-harmonic peak with the corresponding magnetic-field peak to be 0.009. By estimating the amplitude of the modulation of the solar neutrino flux at the second harmonic from the restricted Super-Kamiokande dataset, we find that the weak power at that frequency in the SNO D2O power spectrum is not particularly surprising. Concerning 9.43 yr-1, we find no peak at this frequency in the power spectrum formed from the restricted Super-Kamiokande dataset, so it is no surprise that this peak does not show up in the SNO D2O dataset, either.

  2. Spallation Backgrounds in Super-Kamiokande Are Made in Muon-Induced Showers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirley Weishi Li; John F. Beacom

    2015-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Crucial questions about solar and supernova neutrinos remain unanswered. Super-Kamiokande has the exposure needed for progress, but detector backgrounds are a limiting factor. A leading component is the beta decays of isotopes produced by cosmic-ray muons and their secondaries, which initiate nuclear spallation reactions. Cuts of events after and surrounding muon tracks reduce this spallation decay background by $\\simeq 90\\%$ (at a cost of $\\simeq 20\\%$ deadtime), but its rate at 6--18 MeV is still dominant. A better way to cut this background was suggested in a Super-Kamiokande paper [Bays {\\it et al.}, Phys.~Rev.~D {\\bf 85}, 052007 (2012)] on a search for the diffuse supernova neutrino background. They found that spallation decays above 16 MeV were preceded near the same location by a peak in the apparent Cherenkov light profile from the muon; a more aggressive cut was applied to a limited section of the muon track, leading to decreased background without increased deadtime. We put their empirical discovery on a firm theoretical foundation. We show that almost all spallation decay isotopes are produced by muon-induced showers and that these showers are rare enough and energetic enough to be identifiable. This is the first such demonstration for any detector. We detail how the physics of showers explains the peak in the muon Cherenkov light profile and other Super-K observations. Our results provide a physical basis for practical improvements in background rejection that will benefit multiple studies. For solar neutrinos, in particular, it should be possible to dramatically reduce backgrounds at energies as low as 6 MeV.

  3. Ignition of a deuterium micro-detonation with a gigavolt super marx generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedwardt Winterberg

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Centurion-Halite experiment demonstrated the feasibility of igniting a deuterium-tritium micro-explosion with an energy of not more than a few megajoule, and the Mike test, the feasibility of a pure deuterium explosion with an energy of more than 10^6 megajoule. In both cases the ignition energy was supplied by a fission bomb explosive. While an energy of a few megajoule, to be released in the time required of less than 10^-9 sec, can be supplied by lasers and intense particle beams, this is not enough to ignite a pure deuterium explosion. Because the deuterium-tritium reaction depends on the availability of lithium, the non-fusion ignition of a pure deuterium fusion reaction would be highly desirable. It is shown that this goal can conceivably be reached with a "Super Marx Generator", where a large number of "ordinary" Marx generators charge (magnetically insulated) fast high voltage capacitors of a second stage Marx generator, called a "Super Marx Generator", ultimately reaching gigavolt potentials with an energy output of 100 megajoule. An intense 10^7 Ampere-GeV proton beam drawn from a "Super Marx Generator" can ignite a deuterium thermonuclear detonation wave in a compressed deuterium cylinder, where the strong magnetic field of the proton beam entraps the charged fusion reaction products inside the cylinder. In solving the stand-off problem, the stiffness of a GeV proton beam permits to place the deuterium target at a comparatively large distance from the wall of a cavity confining the deuterium micro-explosion.

  4. A plausible (overlooked) super-luminous supernova in the Sloan digital sky survey stripe 82 data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kostrzewa-Rutkowska, Zuzanna; Koz?owski, Szymon; Wyrzykowski, ?ukasz [Warsaw University Observatory, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa (Poland); Djorgovski, S. George; Mahabal, Ashish A. [California Institute of Technology, 1200 E California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Glikman, Eilat [Department of Physics and Yale Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Yale University, P.O. Box 208121, New Haven, CT 06520-8121 (United States); Koposov, Sergey, E-mail: zkostrzewa@astrouw.edu.pl, E-mail: simkoz@astrouw.edu.pl, E-mail: wyrzykow@astrouw.edu.pl [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom)

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the discovery of a plausible super-luminous supernova (SLSN), found in the archival data of Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Stripe 82, called PSN 000123+000504. The supernova (SN) peaked at m {sub g} < 19.4 mag in the second half of 2005 September, but was missed by the real-time SN hunt. The observed part of the light curve (17 epochs) showed that the rise to the maximum took over 30 days, while the decline time lasted at least 70 days (observed frame), closely resembling other SLSNe of SN 2007bi type. The spectrum of the host galaxy reveals a redshift of z = 0.281 and the distance modulus of ? = 40.77 mag. Combining this information with the SDSS photometry, we found the host galaxy to be an LMC-like irregular dwarf galaxy with an absolute magnitude of M{sub B} = –18.2 ± 0.2 mag and an oxygen abundance of 12+log?[O/H]=8.3±0.2; hence, the SN peaked at M {sub g} < –21.3 mag. Our SLSN follows the relation for the most energetic/super-luminous SNe exploding in low-metallicity environments, but we found no clear evidence for SLSNe to explode in low-luminosity (dwarf) galaxies only. The available information on the PSN 000123+000504 light curve suggests the magnetar-powered model as a likely scenario of this event. This SLSN is a new addition to a quickly growing family of super-luminous SNe.

  5. Determination of Microlensing Selection Criteria for the SuperMACHO Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garg, A

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The SuperMACHO project is a 5 year survey to determine the nature of the lens population responsible for the excess microlensing rate toward the Large Magellanic Cloud observed by the MACHO project [1]. The survey probes deeper than earlier surveys unveiling many more extragalactic contaminants, particularly type Ia supernovae and active galactic nuclei. Using {approx}10{sup 7} simulated light curves of both microlensing events and type Ia supernovae we determine selection criteria optimized to maximize the microlensing detection efficiency while minimizing the contamination rate from non-microlensing events. We discuss these simulations and the selection criteria.

  6. Search for Low-Mass Weakly Interacting Massive Particles with SuperCDMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agnese, R.; Anderson, Alan J.; Asai, M.; balakishiyeva, D.; Basu Thakur, R.; Bauer, D. A.; Beaty, John; Billard, J.; Borgland, A.; Bowles, M. A.; Brandt, D.; Brink, P. L.; Bunker, R.; Cabrera, B.; Caldwell, D. O.; Cerdeno, D. G.; Chagani, H.; Chen, Y.; Cherry, M.; Cooley, J.; Cornell, B.; Crewdson, C. H.; Cushman, Priscilla B.; Daal, M.; DeVaney, D.; DeStefano, PC F.; Do Couto E Silva, E.; Doughty, T.; Esteban, L.; Fallows, S.; Figueroa-Feliciano, E.; Godfrey, G. L.; Golwala, S. R.; Hall, Jeter C.; Hansen, S.; Harris, Harold R.; Hertel, S. A.; Hines, B. A.; Hofer, T.; Holmgren, D.; Hsu, L.; Huber, M. E.; Jastram, A.; Kamaev, O.; Kara, B.; Kelsey, M. H.; Kenany, S.; Kennedy, A.; Kiveni, M.; Koch, K.; Leder, A.; Loer, B.; Lopez Asamar, E.; Mahapatra, R.; Mandic, V.; Martinez, C.; McCarthy, K. A.; Mirabolfathi, M.; Moffatt, R. A.; Nelson, R. H.; Novak, L.; Page, K.; Partridge, R.; Pepin, M.; Phipps, A.; Platt, M.; Prasad, K.; Pyle, M.; Qiu, H.; Rau, W.; Redl, P.; Reisetter, A.; Resch, R. W.; Ricci, Y.; Ruschman, M.; Saab, T.; Sadoulet, B.; Sander, J.; Schmitt, R.; Schneck, K.; Schnee, Richard; Scorza, A.; Seitz, D.; Serfass, B.; Shank, B.; Speller, D.; Tomada, A.; Upadhyayula, S.; Villano, A. N.; Welliver, B.; Wright, D. H.; Yellin, S.; Yen, J. J.; Young, B. A.; Zhang, J.

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a first search for weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) using the background rejection capabilities of SuperCDMS. An exposure of 577 kg-days was analyzed for WIMPs with mass < 30 GeV/c2, with the signal region blinded. Eleven events were observed after unblinding. We set an upper limit on the spin-independent WIMP-nucleon cross section of 1:2 10-42cm2 at 8 GeV/c2. This result is in tension with WIMP interpretations of recent experiments and probes new parameter space for WIMP-nucleon scattering for WIMP masses < 6 GeV/c2.

  7. Structural performance of the first SSC (Superconducting Super Collider) Design B dipole magnet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicol, T.H.

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first Design B Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) dipole magnet has been successfully tested. This magnet was heavily instrumented with temperature and strain gage sensors in order to evaluate its adherence to design constraints and design calculations. The instrumentation and associated data acquisition system allowed monitoring of the magnet during cooldown, warmup, and quench testing. This paper will focus on the results obtained from structural measurements on the suspension system during normal and rapid cooldowns and during quench studies at full magnet current. 4 refs., 9 figs.

  8. The proliferation of functions: multiple systems playing multiple roles in multiple super systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crilly, Nathan

    2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

     a type of design representation and are useful for  developing methods and tools to support designers in their work. They are  also used in artificial intelligence research aimed at formalising design  knowledge so that designing might be automated (Chakrabarti et al., 2011;  Rosenman & Gero, 1998; Umeda...  respect to its more distant super?systems (for supporting  arguments see Neander, 1995: p. 117; McLaughlin; 2001: p. 55; Lewens, 2005:  pp. 133, 158; also see Chakrabarti, 1998).7 To give an example, consider the  indicator bulb (turn signal bulb) of a motor vehicle. In particular, consider a  context in which the...

  9. Shielding optimization studies for the detector systems of the Superconducting Super Collider

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slater, C.O.; Lillie, R.A.; Gabriel, T.A.

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Preliminary shielding optimization studies for the Superconducting Super Collider`s Solenoidal Detector Collaboration detector system were performed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1993. The objective of the study was to reduce the neutron and gamma-ray fluxes leaving the shield to a level that resulted in insignificant effects on the functionality of the detector system. Steel and two types of concrete were considered as components of the shield, and the shield was optimized according to thickness, weight, and cost. Significant differences in the thicknesses, weights, and costs were noted for the three optimization parameters. Results from the study are presented.

  10. Final Report - The Decline and Fall of the Superconducting Super Collider

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RIORDAN, MICHAEL

    2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    In October 1993 the US Congress terminated the Superconducting Super Collider — at the time the largest pure-science project ever attempted, with a total cost estimated to exceed $10 billion. It was a stunning loss for the US highenergy physics community, which until that moment had perched for decades at the pinnacle of American science. Ever since 1993, this once-dominant scientific community has been in gradual decline. With the 2010 startup of research on the CERN Large Hadron Collider and the 2011 shutdown of the Fermilab Tevatron, world leadership in elementary-particle physics has crossed the Atlantic and returned to Europe.

  11. Further Evidence for Neutrino Flux Variability from Super-Kamiokande Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. O. Caldwell; P. A. Sturrock

    2003-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    While KamLAND apparently rules out Resonant-Spin-Flavor-Precession (RSFP) as an explanation of the solar neutrino deficit, the solar neutrino fluxes in the Cl and Ga experiments vary with solar rotation rates. Added to this evidence, summarized here, a power spectrum analysis of the Super-Kamiokande data reveals (99.9% CL) an oscillation in the band of twice the equatorial rotation frequencies of the solar interior. An m=2 magnetic structure and RSFP, perhaps as a subdominant process, would give this effect. Solar cycle data changes are seen, as expected for convection zone modulations.

  12. Searches for astronomical neutrino sources and WIMPs with Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    2000-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Searches for astronomical neutrino sources and weakly interactive massive particles (WIMPs) using the Super-Kamiokande detector have been performed. We select the neutrino-induced upward muon events for the first 4 years, which is already the world largest data sample, and look for statistically significant excesses compared to the atmospheric neutrino background. No excess has been found so far. Limits of upward muon flux from various potential sources are obtained. Also limits of upward muon flux due to annihilations of WIMPs in the Earth core, the Sun and the Galactic center are obtained as a function of WIMP masses.

  13. On search for eV hidden sector photons in Super-Kamiokande and CAST experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergei Gninenko; Javier Redondo

    2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    If light hidden sector photons exist, they could be produced through kinetic mixing with solar photons in the eV energy range. We propose to search for this hypothetical hidden photon flux with the Super-Kamiokande and/or upgraded CAST detectors. The proposed experiments are sensitive to mixing strengths as small as 10^-9 for hidden photon masses in the sub eV region and, in the case of non-observation, would improve limits recently obtained from photon regeneration laser experiments in this mass region.

  14. Random matrix theory for mixed regular-chaotic dynamics in the super-extensive regime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Hady, A. Abd [Department of Physics, King Khalid University, Abha (Saudi Arabia); Department of Physics, Zagazig University, Zagazig (Egypt); Abul-Magd, A. Y. [Department of Mathematics, Zagazig University, Zagazig (Egypt); Faculty of Engineering Sciences, Sinai University, El-Arish (Egypt)

    2011-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We apply Tsallis's q-indexed nonextensive entropy to formulate a random matrix theory (RMT), which may be suitable for systems with mixed regular-chaotic dynamics. We consider the super-extensive regime of q<1. We obtain analytical expressions for the level-spacing distributions, which are strictly valid for 2 X2 random-matrix ensembles, as usually done in the standard RMT. We compare the results with spacing distributions, numerically calculated for random matrix ensembles describing a harmonic oscillator perturbed by Gaussian orthogonal and unitary ensembles.

  15. Bonus Symmetries of N=4 Super-Yang-Mills Correlation Functions via AdS Duality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenneth Intriligator

    1999-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    General conjectures about the SL(2,Z) modular transformation properties of N=4 super-Yang-Mills correlation functions are presented. It is shown how these modular transformation properties arise from the conjectured duality with IIB string theory on AdS_5 x S^5. We discuss in detail a prediction of the AdS duality: that N=4 field theory, in an appropriate limit, must exhibit bonus symmetries, corresponding to the enhanced symmetries of IIB string theory in its supergravity limit.

  16. Super Spin-Charge Separation for class A, C, and D disorder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    André LeClair; Dean J. Robinson

    2008-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove versions of super spin-charge separation for all three of the symmetry groups SU(N), Sp(2N), and SO(N) of disordered Dirac fermions in 2+1 dimensions, which involve the supercurrent-algebras gl (1|1)_{N}, osp(2|2)_{-2N}, and osp(2|2)_N respectively. For certain restricted classes of disordered potentials, the latter supercurrent algebra based conformal field theories can arise as non-trivial low energy fixed points. For all cases with such a fixed point, we compute the density of states exponents as a function of N.

  17. Spectral Modeling of Scintillator for the NEMO-3 and SuperNEMO Detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. J. Caffrey; J. J. Horkley

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have constructed a GEANT4-based detailed softwaremodel of photon transport in plastic scintillator blocks and have used it to study the NEMO-3 and SuperNEMO calorimeters employed in experiments designed to search for neutrinoless double beta decay. We compare our simulations to measurements using conversion electrons from a calibration source of 207Bi and show that the agreement is improved if wavelength-dependent properties of the calorimeter are taken into account. In this article, we briefly describe our modeling approach and results of our studies.

  18. Spectral modeling of scintillator for the NEMO-3 and SuperNEMO detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Argyriades, J; Augier, C; Baker, J; Barabash, A S; Bongrand, M; Broudin-Bay, G; Brudanin, V B; Caffrey, A J; Cebrián, S; Chapon, A; Chauveau, E; Dafni, Th; Daraktchieva, Z; iaz, J D; Durand, D; Egorov, V G; Evans, J J; Fatemi-Ghomi, N; Flack, R; Basharina-Freshville, A; Fushimi, K-I; Garrido, X; Gómez, H; Guillon, B; Holin, A; Holy, K; Horkey, J J; Hubert, Ph; Hugon, C; Iguaz, F J; Irastorza, I G; Ishihara, N; Jackson, C M; Jullian, S; Kanamaru, S; Kauer, M; Kochetov, O I; Konovalov, S I; Kovalenko, V E; Lalanne, D; Lang, K; ere, Y Lemi; Lutter, G; Luzón, G; Mamedov, F; Marquet, Ch; Martin-Albo, J; Mauger, F; Monrabal, F; Nachab, A; Nasteva, I; Nemchenok, I B; Nguyen, C H; Nova, F; Novella, P; Ohsumi, H; Pahlka, R B; Perrot, F; Piquemal, F; Povinec, P P; Richards, B; Ricol, J S; Riddle, C L; Rodriguez, A; Saakyan, R; Sarazin, X; Sedgbeer, J K; Serra, L; Simard, L; Šimkovic, F; Shitov, Yu A; Smolnikov, A A; Soldner-Rembold, S; Štekl, I; Sugaya, Y; Sutton, C S; Szklarz, G; Tamagawa, Y; Thomas, J; Thompson, R; Timkin, V V; Tretyak, V I; Tretyak, Vl I; Umatov, V I; ala, L V; Vanyushin, I A; Vasiliev, R; Vorobel, V; Vylov, Ts; Waters, D; Yahlali, N; Žukauskas, A

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have constructed a GEANT4-based detailed software model of photon transport in plastic scintillator blocks and have used it to study the NEMO-3 and SuperNEMO calorimeters employed in experiments designed to search for neutrinoless double beta decay. We compare our simulations to measurements using conversion electrons from a calibration source of $\\rm ^{207}Bi$ and show that the agreement is improved if wavelength-dependent properties of the calorimeter are taken into account. In this article, we briefly describe our modeling approach and results of our studies.

  19. Stabilization of high and low solids Consolidated Incinerator Facility (CIF) waste with super cement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, B.W.

    2000-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This report details solidification activities using selected Mixed Waste Focus Area technologies with the High and Low Solid waste streams. Ceramicrete and Super Cement technologies were chosen as the best possible replacement solidification candidates for the waste streams generated by the SRS incinerator from a list of several suggested Mixed Waste Focus Area technologies. These technologies were tested, evaluated, and compared to the current Portland cement technology being employed. Recommendation of a technology for replacement depends on waste form performance, process flexibility, process complexity, and cost of equipment and/or raw materials.

  20. Denver Federal Center Saves Energy, Forges Partnerships Through Super ESPC. Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) ESPC Case Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The General Services Administration is not just replacing aging heating and cooling equipment and reducing maintenance costs at the 670-acre Denver Federal Center (DFC). The GSA is also helping the government save about $450,000 in annual energy costs, conserve nearly 11 million gallons of water per year, and reduce annual carbon dioxide emissions by 15.9 million pounds, all by making use of the Department of Energy's Super Energy Savings Performance Contracts (Super ESPCs) at the DFC. Under these contracts, an energy services provider pays the up-front project costs and is then repaid over the contracts term out of the resulting energy cost savings. This two-page case study, prepared by NREL for the DOE Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), demonstrates how the GSA forged new project partnerships, improved the DFCs boiler plant, and acquired efficient new chillers, motors, controls, and lighting by placing two delivery orders for this work under FEMPs Central Region Super ESPC.

  1. Search for Nucleon Decay into Charged Anti-lepton plus Meson in Super-Kamiokande I and II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nishino, H; Hayato, Y; Iida, T; Ikeda, M; Kameda, J; Koshio, Y; Miura, M; Moriyama, S; Nakahata, M; Nakayama, S; Obayashi, Y; Sekiya, H; Shiozawa, M; Suzuki, Y; Takeda, A; Takenaga, Y; Takeuchi, Y; Ueno, K; Ueshima, K; Watanabe, H; Yamada, S; Hazama, S; Higuchi, I; Ishihara, C; Kaji, H; Kajita, T; Kaneyuki, K; Mitsuka, G; Okumura, K; Tanimoto, N; Dufour, F; Kearns, E; Litos, M; Raaf, J L; Stone, J L; Sulak, L R; Goldhaber, M; Bays, K; Cravens, J P; Kropp, W R; Mine, S; Regis, C; Smy, M B; Sobel, H W; Ganezer, K S; Hill, J; Keig, W E; Jang, J S; Kim, J Y; Lim, I T; Albert, J B; Scholberg, K; Walter, C W; Wendell, R; Ishizuka, T; Tasaka, S; Learned, J G; Matsuno, S; Watanabe, Y; Hasegawa, T; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Kobayashi, T; Nakadaira, T; Nakamura, K; Nishikawa, K; Oyama, Y; Sakashita, K; Sekiguchi, T; Tsukamoto, T; Suzuki, A T; Minamino, A; Nakaya, T; Yokoyama, M; Fukuda, Y; Itow, Y; Tanaka, T; Jung, C K; Lopez, G; McGrew, C; Yanagisawa, C; Tamura, N; Idehara, Y; Sakuda, M; Kuno, Y; Yoshida, M; Kim, S B; Yang, B S; Okazawa, H; Choi, Y; Seo, H K; Furuse, Y; Nishijima, K; Yokosawa, Y; Koshiba, M; Totsuka, Y; Vagins, M R; Chen, S; Heng, Y; Liu, J; Yang, Z; Zhang, H; Kielczewska, D; Connolly, K; Thrane, E; Wilkes, R J

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Searches for a nucleon decay into a charged anti-lepton (e^+ or {\\mu}^+) plus a light meson ({\\pi}^0, {\\pi}^-, {\\eta}, {\\rho}^0, {\\rho}^-, {\\omega}) were performed using the Super-Kamiokande I and II data. Twelve nucleon decay modes were searched for. The total exposure is 140.9 kiloton \\cdot years, which includes a 91.7 kiloton \\cdot year exposure (1489.2 live days) of Super-Kamiokande-I and a 49.2 kiloton \\cdot year exposure (798.6 live days) of Super-Kamiokande-II. The number of candidate events in the data was consistent with the atmospheric neutrino background expectation. No significant evidence for a nucleon decay was observed in the data. Thus, lower limits on the nucleon partial lifetime at 90% confidence level were obtained. The limits range from 3.6 \\times 10^31 to 8.2 \\times 10^33 years, depending on the decay modes.

  2. Search for Nucleon Decay into Charged Anti-lepton plus Meson in Super-Kamiokande I and II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration; :; H. Nishino; K. Abe; Y. Hayato; T. Iida; M. Ikeda; J. Kameda; Y. Koshio; M. Miura; S. Moriyama; M. Nakahata; S. Nakayama; Y. Obayashi; H. Sekiya; M. Shiozawa; Y. Suzuki; A. Takeda; Y. Takenaga; Y. Takeuchi; K. Ueno; K. Ueshima; H. Watanabe; S. Yamada; S. Hazama; I. Higuchi; C. Ishihara; H. Kaji; T. Kajita; K. Kaneyuki; G. Mitsuka; K. Okumura; N. Tanimoto; F. Dufour; E. Kearns; M. Litos; J. L. Raaf; J. L. Stone; L. R. Sulak; M. Goldhaber; K. Bays; J. P. Cravens; W. R. Kropp; S. Mine; C. Regis; M. B. Smy; H. W. Sobel; K. S. Ganezer; J. Hill; W. E. Keig; J. S. Jang; J. Y. Kim; I. T. Lim; J. B. Albert; K. Scholberg; C. W. Walter; R. Wendell; T. Ishizuka; S. Tasaka; J. G. Learned; S. Matsuno; Y. Watanabe; T. Hasegawa; T. Ishida; T. Ishii; T. Kobayashi; T. Nakadaira; K. Nakamura; K. Nishikawa; Y. Oyama; K. Sakashita; T. Sekiguchi; T. Tsukamoto; A. T. Suzuki; A. Minamino; T. Nakaya; M. Yokoyama; Y. Fukuda; Y. Itow; T. Tanaka; C. K. Jung; G. Lopez; C. McGrew; C. Yanagisawa; N. Tamura; Y. Idehara; M. Sakuda; Y. Kuno; M. Yoshida; S. B. Kim; B. S. Yang; H. Okazawa; Y. Choi; H. K. Seo; Y. Furuse; K. Nishijima; Y. Yokosawa; M. Koshiba; Y. Totsuka; M. R. Vagins; S. Chen; Y. Heng; J. Liu; Z. Yang; H. Zhang; D. Kielczewska; K. Connolly; E. Thrane; R. J. Wilkes

    2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Searches for a nucleon decay into a charged anti-lepton (e^+ or {\\mu}^+) plus a light meson ({\\pi}^0, {\\pi}^-, {\\eta}, {\\rho}^0, {\\rho}^-, {\\omega}) were performed using the Super-Kamiokande I and II data. Twelve nucleon decay modes were searched for. The total exposure is 140.9 kiloton \\cdot years, which includes a 91.7 kiloton \\cdot year exposure (1489.2 live days) of Super-Kamiokande-I and a 49.2 kiloton \\cdot year exposure (798.6 live days) of Super-Kamiokande-II. The number of candidate events in the data was consistent with the atmospheric neutrino background expectation. No significant evidence for a nucleon decay was observed in the data. Thus, lower limits on the nucleon partial lifetime at 90% confidence level were obtained. The limits range from 3.6 \\times 10^31 to 8.2 \\times 10^33 years, depending on the decay modes.

  3. Off-shell Invariant D=N=2 Twisted Super Yang-Mills Theory with a Gauged Central Charge without Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asaka, Keisuke; Kawamoto, Noboru; Miyake, Akiko

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We formulate N=2 twisted super Yang-Mills theory with a gauged central charge by superconnection formalism in two dimensions. We obtain off-shell invariant supermultiplets and actions with and without constraints, which is in contrast with the off-shell invariant D=N=4 super Yang-Mills formulation with unavoidable constraints.

  4. Off-shell Invariant D=N=2 Twisted Super Yang-Mills Theory with a Gauged Central Charge without Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keisuke Asaka; Junji Kato; Noboru Kawamoto; Akiko Miyake

    2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We formulate N=2 twisted super Yang-Mills theory with a gauged central charge by superconnection formalism in two dimensions. We obtain off-shell invariant supermultiplets and actions with and without constraints, which is in contrast with the off-shell invariant D=N=4 super Yang-Mills formulation with unavoidable constraints.

  5. Study of Non-Standard Neutrino Interactions with Atmospheric Neutrino Data in Super-Kamiokande I and II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitsuka, G; Hayato, Y; Iida, T; Ikeda, M; Kameda, J; Koshio, Y; Miura, M; Moriyama, S; Nakahata, M; Nakayama, S; Obayashi, Y; Sekiya, H; Shiozawa, M; Suzuki, Y; Takeda, A; Takenaga, Y; Takeuchi, Y; Ueno, K; Ueshima, K; Watanabe, H; Yamada, S; Hazama, S; Higuchi, I; Ishihara, C; Kaji, H; Kajita, T; Kaneyuki, K; Nishino, H; Okumura, K; Tanimoto, N; Dufour, F; Kearns, E; Litos, M; Raaf, J L; Stone, J L; Sulak, L R; Goldhaber, M; Bays, K; Cravens, J P; Kropp, W R; Mine, S; Regis, C; Smy, M B; Sobel, H W; Vagins, M R; Ganezer, K S; Hill, J; Keig, W E; Jang, J S; Kim, J Y; Lim, I T; Albert, J; Scholberg, K; Walter, C W; Wendell, R; Ishizuka, T; Tasaka, S; Learned, J G; Matsuno, S; Watanabe, Y; Hasegawa, T; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Kobayashi, T; Nakadaira, T; Nakamura, K; Nishikawa, K; Oyama, Y; Sakashita, K; Sekiguchi, T; Tsukamoto, T; Suzuki, A T; Minamino, A; Nakaya, T; Yokoyama, M; Fukuda, Y; Itow, Y; Tanaka, T; Jung, C K; Lopez, G; McGrew, C; Yanagisawa, C; Tamura, N; Idehara, Y; Sakuda, M; Kuno, Y; Yoshida, M; Kim, S B; Yang, B S; Okazawa, H; Choi, Y; Seo, H K; Furuse, Y; Nishijima, K; Yokosawa, Y; Koshiba, M; Totsuka, Y; Chen, S; Liu, J; Heng, Y; Yang, Z; Zhang, H; Kielczewska, D; Connolly, K; Thrane, E; Wilkes, R J

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we study non-standard neutrino interactions as an example of physics beyond the standard model using atmospheric neutrino data collected during the Super-Kamiokande I(1996-2001) and II(2003-2005) periods. We focus on flavor-changing-neutral-currents (FCNC), which allow neutrino flavor transitions via neutral current interactions, and effects which violate lepton non-universality (NU) and give rise to different neutral-current interaction-amplitudes for different neutrino flavors. We obtain a limit on the FCNC coupling parameter, varepsilon_{mu tau}, |varepsilon_{mu tau}|Super-Kamiokande atmospheric data.

  6. Study of Non-Standard Neutrino Interactions with Atmospheric Neutrino Data in Super-Kamiokande I and II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Mitsuka; K. Abe; Y. Hayato; T. Iida; M. Ikeda; J. Kameda; Y. Koshio; M. Miura; S. Moriyama; M. Nakahata; S. Nakayama; Y. Obayashi; H. Sekiya; M. Shiozawa; Y. Suzuki; A. Takeda; Y. Takenaga; Y. Takeuchi; K. Ueno; K. Ueshima; H. Watanabe; S. Yamada; S. Hazama; I. Higuchi; C. Ishihara; H. Kaji; T. Kajita; K. Kaneyuki; H. Nishino; K. Okumura; N. Tanimoto; F. Dufour; E. Kearns; M. Litos; J. L. Raaf; J. L. Stone; L. R. Sulak; M. Goldhaber; K. Bays; J. P. Cravens; W. R. Kropp; S. Mine; C. Regis; M. B. Smy; H. W. Sobel; M. R. Vagins; K. S. Ganezer; J. Hill; W. E. Keig; J. S. Jang; J. Y. Kim; I. T. Lim; J. Albert; K. Scholberg; C. W. Walter; R. Wendell; T. Ishizuka; S. Tasaka; J. G. Learned; S. Matsuno; Y. Watanabe; T. Hasegawa; T. Ishida; T. Ishii; T. Kobayashi; T. Nakadaira; K. Nakamura; K. Nishikawa; Y. Oyama; K. Sakashita; T. Sekiguchi; T. Tsukamoto; A. T. Suzuki; A. Minamino; T. Nakaya; M. Yokoyama; Y. Fukuda; Y. Itow; T. Tanaka; C. K. Jung; G. Lopez; C. McGrew; C. Yanagisawa; N. Tamura; Y. Idehara; M. Sakuda; Y. Kuno; M. Yoshida; S. B. Kim; B. S. Yang; H. Okazawa; Y. Choi; H. K. Seo; Y. Furuse; K. Nishijima; Y. Yokosawa; M. Koshiba; Y. Totsuka; S. Chen; J. Liu; Y. Heng; Z. Yang; H. Zhang; D. Kielczewska; K. Connolly; E. Thrane; R. J. Wilkes

    2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we study non-standard neutrino interactions as an example of physics beyond the standard model using atmospheric neutrino data collected during the Super-Kamiokande I(1996-2001) and II(2003-2005) periods. We focus on flavor-changing-neutral-currents (FCNC), which allow neutrino flavor transitions via neutral current interactions, and effects which violate lepton non-universality (NU) and give rise to different neutral-current interaction-amplitudes for different neutrino flavors. We obtain a limit on the FCNC coupling parameter, varepsilon_{mu tau}, |varepsilon_{mu tau}|Super-Kamiokande atmospheric data.

  7. Studies on design of a process for organo-refining of coal to obtain super clean coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharma, C.S.; Sharma, D.K. [Indian Inst. of Tech., New Delhi (India). Centre for Energy Studies

    1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organo-refining of coal results in refining the coal to obtain super clean coal and residual coal. Super clean coal may be used to obtain value added chemicals, products, and cleaner fuels from coal. In the present work, studies on the design of a semicontinuous process for organo-refining of one ton of coal have been made. The results are reported. This is only a cursory attempt for the design, and further studies may be required for designing this process for use in the development of a scaled-up process of organo-refining of coal.

  8. Development of a super high speed motor-generator and controller

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hong, Do-Kwan, E-mail: dkhong@keri.re.kr; Ahn, Min-Hyuk; Joo, Dae-Suk; Woo, Byung-Chul; Koo, Dae-Hyun [Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute, Changwon 641-120 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    To develop a super high speed motor-generator, it is essential to deal with magnetic analysis, dynamic analysis, and experimental evaluation of the heart of the MTG (Microturbine Generator) system, the motor-generator. An amorphous core is applied to a stator core for reduction of iron loss at high speed, and the motor-generator is analyzed with considerations focused on magnetic losses and the statistical optimum design. The performance of the amorphous core is validated by the analysis and experiment by back-to-back tests considering the AC load. Rotor dynamics is performed for dynamic stability at high speed using transient analysis orbit diagrams and compared with the experimental results. The simulation results of the generator are compared with the experiment. Also a super high speed controller of the MTG system is developed using a sensorless algorithm, power stack, gate driver, digital signal processing, analog circuit, and radiation heat design. Based on these results, a high speed motor-generator and controller are successfully developed.

  9. SuperIdentity: Fusion of Identity across Real and Cyber Domains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Black, Sue; Creese, Sadie; Guest, Richard; Pike, William A.; Saxby, Steven; Stanton Fraser, Danae; Stevenage, Sarah; Whitty, Monica

    2012-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Under both benign and malign circumstances, people now manage a spectrum of identities across both real-world and cyber domains. Our belief, however, is that all these instances ultimately track back for an individual to reflect a single 'SuperIdentity'. This paper outlines the assumptions underpinning the SuperIdentity Project, describing the innovative use of data fusion to incorporate novel real-world and cyber cues into a rich framework appropriate for modern identity. The proposed combinatorial model will support a robust identification or authentication decision, with confidence indexed both by the level of trust in data provenance, and the diagnosticity of the identity factors being used. Additionally, the exploration of correlations between factors may underpin the more intelligent use of identity information so that known information may be used to predict previously hidden information. With modern living supporting the 'distribution of identity' across real and cyber domains, and with criminal elements operating in increasingly sophisticated ways in the hinterland between the two, this approach is suggested as a way forwards, and is discussed in terms of its impact on privacy, security, and the detection of threat.

  10. Planet formation around stars of various masses: Hot super-Earths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant M. Kennedy; Scott J. Kenyon

    2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider trends resulting from two formation mechanisms for short-period super-Earths: planet-planet scattering and migration. We model scenarios where these planets originate near the snow line in ``cold finger'' circumstellar disks. Low-mass planet-planet scattering excites planets to low periastron orbits only for lower mass stars. With long circularisation times, these planets reside on long-period eccentric orbits. Closer formation regions mean planets that reach short-period orbits by migration are most common around low-mass stars. Above ~1 Solar mass, planets massive enough to migrate to close-in orbits before the gas disk dissipates are above the critical mass for gas giant formation. Thus, there is an upper stellar mass limit for short-period super-Earths that form by migration. If disk masses are distributed as a power law, planet frequency increases with metallicity because most disks have low masses. For disk masses distributed around a relatively high mass, planet frequency decreases with increasing metallicity. As icy planets migrate, they shepherd interior objects toward the star, which grow to ~1 Earth mass. In contrast to icy migrators, surviving shepherded planets are rocky. Upon reaching short-period orbits, planets are subject to evaporation processes. The closest planets may be reduced to rocky or icy cores. Low-mass stars have lower EUV luminosities, so the level of evaporation decreases with decreasing stellar mass.

  11. Final Report, Volume 3, Guidance Document for the Evaluation of Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hariharan, Vasudevan; Lundin, Carl, W.

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Volume 3 is comprised of the Development of Qualification Standards for Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steel (A890-5A) which is equivalent to wrought 2507. The objective of this work was to determine the suitability of ASTM A923 ���¢��������Standard Test methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic Phase in Duplex Austenitic-Ferritic Stainless Steels���¢������� for 25 Cr Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steels (ASTM A890-5A). The various tests which were carried out were ASTM A923 Test Method A, B and C (Sodium Hydroxide Etch Test, Charpy Impact Test and Ferric Chloride Corrosion Test), ferrite measurement using Feritscope�������®, ASTM E562 Manual Point Count Method and X-Ray Diffraction, hardness measurement using Rockwell B and C and microstructural analysis using SEM and EDS.

  12. High energy neutrino astronomy using upward-going muons in Super-Kamiokande-I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration; :; K. Abe

    2006-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the results from several studies used to search for astrophysical sources of high-energy neutrinos using the Super-Kamiokande-I (April 1996 to July 2001) neutrino-induced upward-going muon data. The data set consists of 2359 events with minimum energy 1.6 GeV, of which 1892 are through-going and 467 stop within the detector. The results of several independent analyses are presented, including searches for point sources using directional and temporal information and a search for signatures of cosmic-ray interactions with the interstellar medium in the upward-going muons. No statistically significant evidence for point sources or any diffuse flux from the plane of the galaxy was found, so specific limits on fluxes from likely point sources are calculated. The 90% C.L. upper limits on upward-going muon flux from astronomical sources which are located in the southern hemisphere and always under the horizon for Super-Kamiokande are 1~4x10^{-15} cm^{-2} s^{-1}.

  13. Spallation Backgrounds in Super-Kamiokande Are Made in Muon-Induced Showers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Shirley Weishi

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Crucial questions about solar and supernova neutrinos remain unanswered. Super-Kamiokande has the exposure needed for progress, but detector backgrounds are a limiting factor. A leading component is the beta decays of isotopes produced by cosmic-ray muons and their secondaries, which initiate nuclear spallation reactions. Cuts of events after and surrounding muon tracks reduce this spallation decay background by $\\simeq 90\\%$ (at a cost of $\\simeq 20\\%$ deadtime), but its rate at 6 -- 18 MeV is still dominant. A better way to cut this background was suggested in a Super-Kamiokande paper [Bays {\\it et al.}, Phys.~Rev.~D {\\bf 85}, 052007 (2012)] on a search for the diffuse supernova neutrino background. They found that spallation decays above 16 MeV were preceded near the same location by a peak in the apparent Cherenkov light profile from the muon; a more aggressive cut was applied to a limited section of the muon track, leading to decreased background without increased deadtime. We put their empirical discove...

  14. Reactor Anti-Neutrino Oscillations and Gadolinium Loaded Super-Kamiokande Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhya Choubey; S. T. Petcov

    2004-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the potential of measuring the solar neutrino oscillation parameters in the proposed gadolinium loaded Super-Kamiokande (SK-Gd) detector. Gadolinium dissolved in water can detect neutrons much more efficiently than pure water. This imparts the detector the ability to observe electron type antineutrinos, transforming Super-Kamiokande into a huge reactor antineutrino detector with an event rate approximately 43 times higher than that observed in KamLAND. We simulate the reactor antineutrino data expected in this high statistics detector. We use these prospective data to study the precision with which the solar neutrino oscillation parameters, $\\Delta m^2_{\\odot}$ and $\\sin^2\\theta_{\\odot}$, can be determined i) with the SK-Gd detector, and ii) by combining the SK-Gd data with the global data on solar neutrino oscillations. For comparison and completeness the allowed regions of $\\Delta m^2_{\\odot}$ and $\\sin^2\\theta_{\\odot}$, expected to be obtained from the data of the solar neutrino and KamLAND experiments, are also presented.

  15. Analysis of a three flavor neutrino oscillation fit to recent Super-Kamiokande data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christoph Meier; Tommy Ohlsson

    1999-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We have analyzed the most recent available Super-Kamiokande data in a three flavor neutrino oscillation model. We have here neglected possible matter effects and performed a fit to atmospheric and solar Super-Kamiokande data. We have investigated a large parameter range, where the mixing angles were restricted to $0 \\leq \\theta_i \\leq \\pi/2$, $ i=1,2,3$, and the mass squared differences were taken to be in the intervals $10^{-11} {\\rm eV}^2 \\leq \\Delta m^2 \\leq 10^{-2} {\\rm eV}^2$ and $10^{-4} {\\rm eV}^2 \\leq \\Delta M^2 \\leq 10 {\\rm eV}^2$. This yielded a best solution characterized by the parameter values $\\theta_1 \\simeq 45^\\circ$, $\\theta_2 \\simeq 10^\\circ$, $\\theta_3 \\simeq 45^\\circ$, $\\Delta m^2 \\simeq 4.4 \\times 10^{-10} {\\rm eV}^2$, and $\\Delta M^2 \\simeq 1.01 \\times 10^{-3} {\\rm eV}^2$, which shows that the analyzed experimental data speak in favor of a bimaximal mixing scenario with one of the mass squared differences in the ``just-so'' domain and the other one in the range capable of providing a solution to the atmospheric neutrino problem.

  16. Charged-Lepton-Flavour Violation in the Light of the Super-Kamiokande Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Ellis; M. E. Gomez; G. K. Leontaris; S. Lola; D. V. Nanopoulos

    1999-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by the data from Super-Kamiokande and elsewhere indicating oscillations of atmospheric and solar neutrinos, we study charged-lepton-flavour violation, in particular the radiative decays mu -> e gamma and tau -> mu gamma, but also commenting on mu -> 3e and tau -> 3 mu/e decays, as well as mu - e conversion on nuclei. We first show how the renormalization group may be used to calculate flavour-violating soft supersymmetry-breaking masses for charged sleptons and sneutrinos in models with universal input parameters. Subsequently, we classify possible patterns of lepton-flavour violation in the context of phenomenological neutrino mass textures that accommodate the Super-Kamiokande data, giving examples based on Abelian flavour symmetries. Then we calculate in these examples rates for mu -> e gamma and tau ->mu gamma, which may be close to the present experimental upper limits, and show how they may distinguish between the different generic mixing patterns. The rates are promisingly large when the soft supersymmetry-breaking mass parameters are chosen to be consistent with the cosmological relic-density constraints. In addition, we discuss mu -> e conversion on Titanium, which may also be accessible to future experiments.

  17. Ignition of a deuterium micro-detonation with a gigavolt super marx generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winterberg, Friedwardt

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Centurion-Halite experiment demonstrated the feasibility of igniting a deuterium-tritium micro-explosion with an energy of not more than a few megajoule, and the Mike test, the feasibility of a pure deuterium explosion with an energy of more than 10^6 megajoule. In both cases the ignition energy was supplied by a fission bomb explosive. While an energy of a few megajoule, to be released in the time required of less than 10^-9 sec, can be supplied by lasers and intense particle beams, this is not enough to ignite a pure deuterium explosion. Because the deuterium-tritium reaction depends on the availability of lithium, the non-fusion ignition of a pure deuterium fusion reaction would be highly desirable. It is shown that this goal can conceivably be reached with a "Super Marx Generator", where a large number of "ordinary" Marx generators charge (magnetically insulated) fast high voltage capacitors of a second stage Marx generator, called a "Super Marx Generator", ultimately reaching gigavolt potentials with...

  18. Color/kinematics duality for general abelian orbifolds of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Chiodaroli; Qingjun Jin; Radu Roiban

    2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    To explore color/kinematics duality for general representations of the gauge group we formulate the duality for general abelian orbifolds of the SU(N), N=4 super Yang-Mills theory in four dimensions, which have fields in the bi-fundamental representation, and use it to construct explicitly complete four-vector and four-scalar amplitudes at one loop. For fixed number of supercharges, graph-organized L-loop n-point integrands of all orbifold theories are given in terms of a fixed set of polynomials labeled by L representations of the orbifold group. In contrast to the standard duality-satisfying presentation of amplitudes of the N=4 super Yang-Mills theory, each graph may appear several times with different internal states. The color and R-charge flow provide a way to deform the amplitudes of orbifold theories to those of more general quiver gauge theories which do not necessarily exhibit color/kinematics duality on their own. Based on the organization of amplitudes required by the duality between color and kinematics in orbifold theories we show how the amplitudes of certain non-factorized matter-coupled supergravity theories can be found through a double-copy construction. We also carry out a comprehensive search for theories with fields solely in the adjoint representation of the gauge group and amplitudes exhibiting color/kinematics duality for all external states and find an interesting relation between supersymmetry and existence of the duality.

  19. Super Boiler: Packed Media/Transport Membrane Boiler Development and Demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liss, William E; Cygan, David F

    2013-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Gas Technology Institute (GTI) and Cleaver-Brooks developed a new gas-fired steam generation system���¢��������the Super Boiler���¢��������for increased energy efficiency, reduced equipment size, and reduced emissions. The system consists of a firetube boiler with a unique staged furnace design, a two-stage burner system with engineered internal recirculation and inter-stage cooling integral to the boiler, unique convective pass design with extended internal surfaces for enhanced heat transfer, and a novel integrated heat recovery system to extract maximum energy from the flue gas. With these combined innovations, the Super Boiler technical goals were set at 94% HHV fuel efficiency, operation on natural gas with <5 ppmv NOx (referenced to 3%O2), and 50% smaller than conventional boilers of similar steam output. To demonstrate these technical goals, the project culminated in the industrial demonstration of this new high-efficiency technology on a 300 HP boiler at Clement Pappas, a juice bottler located in Ontario, California. The Super Boiler combustion system is based on two stage combustion which combines air staging, internal flue gas recirculation, inter-stage cooling, and unique fuel-air mixing technology to achieve low emissions rather than external flue gas recirculation which is most commonly used today. The two-stage combustion provides lower emissions because of the integrated design of the boiler and combustion system which permit precise control of peak flame temperatures in both primary and secondary stages of combustion. To reduce equipment size, the Super Boiler's dual furnace design increases radiant heat transfer to the furnace walls, allowing shorter overall furnace length, and also employs convective tubes with extended surfaces that increase heat transfer by up to 18-fold compared to conventional bare tubes. In this way, a two-pass boiler can achieve the same efficiency as a traditional three or four-pass firetube boiler design. The Super Boiler is consequently up to 50% smaller in footprint, has a smaller diameter, and is up to 50% lower in weight, resulting in very compact design with reduced material cost and labor costs, while requiring less boiler room floor space. For enhanced energy efficiency, the heat recovery system uses a transport membrane condenser (TMC), a humidifying air heater (HAH), and a split-stage economizer to extract maximum energy from the flue gas. The TMC is a new innovation that pulls a major portion of water vapor produced by the combustion process from the flue gases along with its sensible and latent heat. This results in nearly 100% transfer of heat to the boiler feed water. The HAH improves the effectiveness of the TMC, particularly in steam systems that do not have a large amount of cold makeup water. In addition, the HAH humidifies the combustion air to reduce NOx formation. The split-stage economizer preheats boiler feed water in the same way as a conventional economizer, but extracts more heat by working in tandem with the TMC and HAH to reduce flue gas temperature. These components are designed to work synergistically to achieve energy efficiencies of 92-94% which is 10-15% higher than today���¢��������s typical firetube boilers.

  20. Infrasound from the El Paso super-bolide of October 9, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ReVelle, D.O.; Whitaker, R.W.; Armstrong, W.T.

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    During the noon hour on October 9, 1997 an extremely bright fireball ({approx}-21.5 in stellar magnitude putting it into the class of a super-bolide) was observed over western Texas with visual sightings from as far away as Arizona to northern Mexico and even in northern New Mexico over 300 miles away. This event produced tremendously loud sonic boom reports in the El Paso area. It was also detected locally by 4 seismometers which are part of a network of 5 seismic stations operated by the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP). Subsequent investigations of the data from the six infrasound arrays used by LANL (Los Alamos National Laboratory) and operated for the DOE (Department of Energy) as a part of the CTB (Comprehensive Test Ban) Research and Development program for the IMS (International Monitoring System) showed the presence of an infrasonic signal from the proper direction at the correct time for this super-bolide from two of the six arrays. Both the seismic and infrasound recordings indicated that an explosion occurred in the atmosphere at source heights from 28--30 km, having its epicenter slightly to the northeast of Horizon City, Texas. The signal characteristics, analyzed from {approx}0.1 to 5.0 Hz, include a total duration of {approx}4 min (at Los Alamos, LA) to >{approx}5 min at Lajitas, Texas, TXAR, another CTB IMS array operated by E. Herrin at Southern Methodist University (SMU) for a source directed from LA toward {approx}171--180 deg and from TXAR of {approx}321-4 deg respectively from true north. The observed signal trace velocities (for the part of the recording with the highest cross-correlation) at LA ranged from 300--360 m/sec with a signal velocity of 0.30 {+-} 0.03 km/sec, implying a Stratospheric (S Type) ducted path. The dominant signal frequency at LA was from 0.20 to 0.80 Hz, with a peak near 0.3 Hz. These highly correlated signals at LA had a very large, peak to peak, maximum amplitude of 21.0 microbars (2.1 Pa). The analysis, using several methods that incorporate various observed signal characteristics, total distance traveled, etc., indicates that the super-bolide probably had a source energy in the range between 10--100 tons (TNT equivalent). This is somewhat smaller than the source energy estimate made using US DoD satellite data (USAF news release, June 8, 1998).

  1. Capacity fade analysis of a battery/super capacitor hybrid and a battery under pulse loads full cell studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popov, Branko N.

    . Introduction Hybrid energy storage devices are more efficient than a battery in supplying the total powerCapacity fade analysis of a battery/super capacitor hybrid and a battery under pulse loads ­ full words: capacity fade, interfacial impedance, lithium ion battery/supercapacitor hybrid, pulse discharge

  2. ELSEVIER Nuclear Physics A682 (2001) 427~432~ Search for the wobbling mode built on triaxial super deformation*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ELSEVIER Nuclear Physics A682 (2001) 427~432~ Search for the wobbling mode built on triaxial super, Milano, Italy `Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Krakow, Poland gDipartemento di Fisica. of Mathematical Physics, LTH, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden The nucleus 163Luis studied through the fusion

  3. Path integral treatment of a family of super-integrable systems in n-dimensional Euclidean space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. T. Chefrour; F. Benamira; L. Guechi; S. Mameri

    2003-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The exact path integration for a family of maximally super-integrable systems generalizing the hydrogen atom in the $n$-dimensional Euclidean space is presented. The Green's function is calculated in parabolic rotational and spherical coordinate systems. The energy spectrum and the correctly normalized wave functions of the bound states are obtained from the poles of the Green's function and their residues, respectively.

  4. Constraints on neutrino oscillation parameters from the measurement of day-night solar neutrino fluxes at Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration; :; Y. Fukuda; T. Hayakawa; E. Ichihara; K. Inoue

    1998-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A search for day-night variations in the solar neutrino flux resulting from neutrino oscillations has been carried out using the 504 day sample of solar neutrino data obtained at Super-Kamiokande. The absence of a significant day-night variation has set an absolute flux independent exclusion region in the two neutrino oscillation parameter space.

  5. Performance Optimization of Battery-Super Capacitor Hybrid System Electrochemical capacitors (ultracapacitors) offer high power density when compared to battery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popov, Branko N.

    Performance Optimization of Battery-Super Capacitor Hybrid System Electrochemical capacitors a decreased value of power and energy densities for the hybrid system. Figure 1shows the fractional capacity (ultracapacitors) offer high power density when compared to battery systems and also have a relatively large energy

  6. 2212 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 46, NO. 6, SEPTEMBER 2000 The Super-Trellis Structure of Turbo Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verdú, Sergio

    -Trellis Structure of Turbo Codes Marco Breiling, Student Member, IEEE, and Lajos Hanzo, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--In this contribution we derive the super-trellis structure of turbo codes. We show that this structure and its associated decoding com- plexity depend strongly on the interleaver applied in the turbo encoder. We provide

  7. A super-Eddington wind scenario for the progenitors of type Ia supernovae: binary population synthesis calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Bo; Liu, Dongdong; Liu, Zhengwei; Wu, Chengyuan; Zhang, Jujia; Han, Zhanwen

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The super-Eddington wind scenario has been proposed as an alternative way for producing type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). The super-Eddington wind can naturally prevent the carbon--oxygen white dwarfs (CO WDs) with high mass-accretion rates from becoming red-giant-like stars. Furthermore, it works in low-metallicity environments, which may explain SNe Ia observed at high redshifts. In this article, we systematically investigated the most prominent single-degenerate WD+MS channel based on the super-Eddington wind scenario. We combined the Eggleton stellar evolution code with a rapid binary population synthesis (BPS) approach to predict SN Ia birthrates for the WD+MS channel by adopting the super-Eddington wind scenario and detailed mass-accumulation efficiencies of H-shell flashes on the WDs. Our BPS calculations found that the estimated SN Ia birthrates for the WD+MS channel are ~0.009-0.315*10^{-3}{yr}^{-1} if we adopt the Eddington accretion rate as the critical accretion rate, which are much lower than that of ...

  8. Instanton-soliton loops in 5D super-Yang-Mills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constantinos Papageorgakis; Andrew B. Royston

    2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Soliton contributions to perturbative processes in QFT are controlled by a form factor, which depends on the soliton size. We provide a demonstration of this fact in a class of scalar theories with generic moduli spaces. We then argue that for instanton-solitons in 5D super-Yang-Mills theory the analogous form factor does not lead to faster-than-any-power suppression in the perturbative coupling. We also discuss the implications of such contributions for the UV behavior of maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills in 5D and its relation to the (2,0) CFT in 6D. This is a contribution to the proceedings of the "String Math 2013'" conference and is a condensed version of results appearing in 1404.0016 and 1403.5017.

  9. Type III Dyson Sphere of Highly Advanced Civilizations around a Super Massive Black Hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makoto Inoue; Hiromitsu Yokoo

    2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a new system for a society of highly advanced civilizations around a super massive black hole (SMBH), as an advanced Type III "Dyson Sphere", pointing out an efficient usage of energy for the advanced civilizations. SMBH also works as a sink for waste materials. Here we assume that Type III civilisations of Kardashev classification [1] form a galactic club [2] in a galaxy, and the energy from the SMBH will be delivered to the club members, forming an energy control system similar to power grids in our present society. The energy is probably transmitted by a sharp beam with coherent electro-magnetic waves, which provide a new concept for the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI) via detection of such energy transmission signals. This expands the search window for other intelligences within the Universe.

  10. Type III Dyson Sphere of Highly Advanced Civilizations around a Super Massive Black Hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inoue, Makoto

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a new system for a society of highly advanced civilizations around a super massive black hole (SMBH), as an advanced Type III "Dyson Sphere", pointing out an efficient usage of energy for the advanced civilizations. SMBH also works as a sink for waste materials. Here we assume that Type III civilisations of Kardashev classification [1] form a galactic club [2] in a galaxy, and the energy from the SMBH will be delivered to the club members, forming an energy control system similar to power grids in our present society. The energy is probably transmitted by a sharp beam with coherent electro-magnetic waves, which provide a new concept for the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI) via detection of such energy transmission signals. This expands the search window for other intelligences within the Universe.

  11. Kinetic Energy Decay Rates of Supersonic and Super-Alfvenic Turbulence in Star-Forming Clouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mordecai-Mark Mac Low; Ralf S. Klessen; Andreas Burkert; Michael D. Smith

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present numerical studies of compressible, decaying turbulence, with and without magnetic fields, with initial rms Alfven and Mach numbers ranging up to five, and apply the results to the question of the support of star-forming interstellar clouds of molecular gas. We find that, in 1D, magnetized turbulence actually decays faster than unmagnetized turbulence. In all the regimes that we have studied 3D turbulence-super-Alfvenic, supersonic, sub-Alfvenic, and subsonic-the kinetic energy decays as (t-t0)^(-x), with 0.85 < x < 1.2. We compared results from two entirely different algorithms in the unmagnetized case, and have performed extensive resolution studies in all cases, reaching resolutions of 256^3 zones or 350,000 particles. We conclude that the observed long lifetimes and supersonic motions in molecular clouds must be due to external driving, as undriven turbulence decays far too fast to explain the observations.

  12. A supermatrix model for N=6 super Chern-Simons-matter theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drukker, Nadav

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct the Wilson loop operator of N=6 super Chern-Simons-matter which is invariant under half of the supercharges of the theory and is dual to the simplest macroscopic open string in AdS_4 x CP^3. The Wilson loop couples, in addition to the gauge and scalar fields of the theory, also to the fermions in the bi-fundamental representation of the U(N) x U(M) gauge group. These ingredients are naturally combined into a superconnection whose holonomy gives the Wilson loop, which can be defined for any representation of the supergroup U(N|M). Explicit expressions for loops supported along an infinite straight line and along a circle are presented. Using the localization calculation of Kapustin et al. we show that the circular loop is computed by a supermatrix model and discuss the connection to pure Chern-Simons theory with supergroup U(N|M).

  13. A supermatrix model for N=6 super Chern-Simons-matter theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nadav Drukker; Diego Trancanelli

    2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct the Wilson loop operator of N=6 super Chern-Simons-matter which is invariant under half of the supercharges of the theory and is dual to the simplest macroscopic open string in AdS_4 x CP^3. The Wilson loop couples, in addition to the gauge and scalar fields of the theory, also to the fermions in the bi-fundamental representation of the U(N) x U(M) gauge group. These ingredients are naturally combined into a superconnection whose holonomy gives the Wilson loop, which can be defined for any representation of the supergroup U(N|M). Explicit expressions for loops supported along an infinite straight line and along a circle are presented. Using the localization calculation of Kapustin et al. we show that the circular loop is computed by a supermatrix model and discuss the connection to pure Chern-Simons theory with supergroup U(N|M).

  14. The Evolution of Dwarf Galaxies with Star Formation in Outward Propagating Super Shell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masao Mori; Yuzuru Yoshii; Takuji Tsujimoto; Ken'ichi Nomoto

    1997-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We simulate the dynamical and chemical evolution of a dwarf galaxy embedded in a dark matter halo, using a three-dimensional N-body/SPH simulation code combined with stellar population synthesis. The initial condition is adopted in accord with a $10^{10}M_\\odot$ virialized sphere in a 1-sigma CDM perturbation which contains 10% baryonic mass. A supersonic spherical outflow is driven by the first star burst near the center of the galaxy and produces an expanding super shell in which stars are subsequently formed. Consecutive formation of stars in the expanding shell makes the stellar system settled with the exponential brightness profile, the positive metallicity gradient, and the inverse color gradient in agreement with observed features of dwarf galaxies. We therefore propose that the energy feedback via stellar winds and supernovae is a decisive mechanism for formation of less compact, small systems like dwarf galaxies.

  15. Amorphous carbon coatings for the mitigation of electron cloud in the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin Vallgren, C; Bauche, J; Calatroni, S; Chiggiato, P; Cornelis, K; Costa Pinto, P; Henrist, B; Metral, E; Neupert, H; Rumolo, G; Shaposhnikova, E; Taborelli, M

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron cloud buildup is a major limitation for high-energy particle accelerators such as the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS). Amorphous carbon thin films with low initial secondary electron yield (SEY ~ 1.0) have been applied as a mitigation material in the SPS vacuum chambers. This paper summarizes the experimental setups for electron cloud monitoring, coating procedures, and recent measurements performed with amorphous carbon coated vacuum chambers in the SPS. The electron cloud measured by dedicated monitors is completely suppressed for LHC-type beams. Even after more than one year’s exposure in the SPS with the machine in operation, the coating does not show any increase in the secondary electron yield. The study of coated vacuum chambers for the SPS dipole magnets is in progress; the correlation between electron cloud reduction and pressure rises is not yet fully understood. Some prototypes have already been installed in the accelerator and plans for the implementation of an optimized coating tec...

  16. Measurements of electron cloud density in the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron with the microwave transmission method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Federmann, S; Mahner, E

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The electron cloud effect can pose severe performance limitations in high-energy particle accelerators as the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS). Mitigation techniques such as vacuum chamber thin film coatings with low secondary electron yields (SEY < 1.3) aim to reduce or even suppress this effect. The microwave transmission method, developed and first applied in 2003 at the SPS, measures the integrated electron cloud density over a long section of an accelerator. This paper summarizes the theory and measurement principle and describes the new SPS microwave transmission setup used to study the electron cloud mitigation of amorphous carbon coated SPS dipole vacuum chambers. Comparative results of carbon coated and bare stainless steel dipole vacuum chambers are given for the beam with nominal LHC 25 ns bunch-to-bunch spacing in the SPS and the electron cloud density is derived.

  17. Recent results from the EBIT and Super EBIT at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marrs, R.E.

    1996-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The electron beam ion trap (EBIT), and the higher-energy Super EBIT at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory can produce any highly charged ion. These highly charged ions are used in a variety of research programs. Recent results from four different experiments are reviewed here. K-shell ionization cross sections have been measured for the hydrogenlike ions of several elements, and L-shell ionization cross sections have been measured for uranium ions. A measurement of the ground-state hyperfine transition in hydrogenlike {sup 165}H{sup 66+} is notable because of the complete absence of Doppler shifts. A cryogenic Penning trap, injected with EBIT ions, has been used to observe a single highly charged ion as it recombines by sequential electron capture from H{sub 2} gas. A large sputtered ion yield, suggesting a surface Coulomb explosion, has been observed from insulators bombarded with very highly charged EBIT ions. 21 refs., 11 figs.

  18. Super Energy Efficiency Design (S.E.E.D.) Home Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    German, A.; Dakin, B.; Backman, C.; Weitzel, E.; Springer, D.

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the results of evaluation by the Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI) Building America team of the 'Super Energy Efficient Design' (S.E.E.D) home, a 1,935 sq. ft., single-story spec home located in Tucson, AZ. This prototype design was developed with the goal of providing an exceptionally energy efficient yet affordable home and includes numerous aggressive energy features intended to significantly reduce heating and cooling loads such as structural insulated panel (SIP) walls and roof, high performance windows, an ERV, an air-to-water heat pump with mixed-mode radiant and forced air delivery, solar water heating, and rooftop PV. Source energy savings are estimated at 45% over the Building America B10 Benchmark. System commissioning, short term testing, long term monitoring and detailed analysis of results was conducted to identify the performance attributes and cost effectiveness of the whole house measure package.

  19. Bootstrapping six-gluon scattering in planar ${\\cal N}=4$ super-Yang-Mills theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lance J. Dixon; James M. Drummond; Claude Duhr; Matt von Hippel; Jeffrey Pennington

    2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the hexagon function bootstrap for solving for six-gluon scattering amplitudes in the large $N_c$ limit of ${\\cal N}=4$ super-Yang-Mills theory. In this method, an ansatz for the finite part of these amplitudes is constrained at the level of amplitudes, not integrands, using boundary information. In the near-collinear limit, the dual picture of the amplitudes as Wilson loops leads to an operator product expansion which has been solved using integrability by Basso, Sever and Vieira. Factorization of the amplitudes in the multi-Regge limit provides additional boundary data. This bootstrap has been applied successfully through four loops for the maximally helicity violating (MHV) configuration of gluon helicities, and through three loops for the non-MHV case.

  20. Characterization of Molecular Breakup by Super-Intense, Femtosecond XUV Laser Pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yue, Lun

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the breakup of $\\text{H}_2^+$ exposed to super-intense, femtosecond laser pulses with frequencies greater than that corresponding to the ionization potential. By solving the time-dependent Schr\\"{o}dinger equation in an extensive field parameter range, it is revealed that highly nonresonant dissociation channels can dominate over ionization. By considering field-dressed Born-Oppenheimer potential energy curves in the reference frame following a free electron in the field, we propose a simple physical model that characterizes this dissociation mechanism. The model is used to predict control of vibrational excitation, magnitude of the dissociation yields, and nuclear kinetic energy release spectra. Finally, the joint energy spectrum for the ionization process illustrates the energy sharing between the electron and the nuclei and the correlation between ionization and dissociation processes.

  1. Health Hazard Evaluation Report HETA 84-239-1586, Ashland Super Valu, Ashland, Wisconsin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniels, W.J.; Donohue, M.T.; Singal, M.

    1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental and brathing zone samples were analyzed for di(2-ethylhexyl)adipate, hydrogen-chloride, cyclohexanol, dicyclohexyl-phthalate, phthalic-anhydride, and total particulates at Ashland Super Valu, Ashland, Wisconsin in June, 1984. The evaluation was requested by a company representative due to complaints of respiratory problems by one of the meat department employees. Four meat department employees were interviewed. The authors conclude that it is not possible to determine whether or not the symptoms reported by the meat packer are due to emissions from heated meat wrap or label adhesive. Recommendations included not operating the cool rod cutter at a temperature above 280 degrees-F and installing local exhaust ventilation.

  2. Evidence for the Appearance of Atmospheric Tau Neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Super-Kamiokande atmospheric neutrino data were fit with an unbinned maximum likelihood method to search for the appearance of tau leptons resulting from the interactions of oscillation-generated tau neutrinos in the detector. Relative to the expectation of unity, the tau normalization is found to be $1.42 \\pm 0.35 \\ (stat) {\\}^{+0.14}_{-0.12}\\ (syst) $ excluding the no-tau-appearance hypothesis, for which the normalization would be zero, at the 3.8$\\sigma$ level. We estimate that $180.1 \\pm 44.3\\ (stat) {\\}^{+17.8}_{-15.2}\\ (syst)$ tau leptons were produced in the 22.5 kton fiducial volume of the detector by tau neutrinos during the 2806 day running period. In future analyses, this large sample of selected tau events will allow the study of charged current tau neutrino interaction physics with oscillation produced tau neutrinos.

  3. Evidence for R-Mode Oscillations in Super-Kamiokande Solar Neutrino Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. A. Sturrock

    2008-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    There has for some time been evidence of variability in radiochemical solar neutrino measurements, but this evidence has seemed suspect since the cerenkov experiments have not shown similar evidence of variability. The present re-analysis of Super-Kamiokande data shows strong evidence of r-mode oscillations. The frequencies of these oscillations correspond to a region with a sidereal rotation rate of 13.97 year-1, not far from the value 13.88 year-1 found some time ago in Homestake data, or 13.87 year-1 found recently in GALLEX data. These estimates are incompatible with the rotation rate in the convection zone, but fully compatible with current estimates of the rotation rate in the radiative zone, including the solar core. These results are suggestive of variability originating in the core from fluctuating and asymmetric nuclear burning.

  4. Search for Matter-Dependent Atmospheric Neutrino Oscillations in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration; K. Abe

    2008-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider muon neutrino to tau neutrino oscillations in the context of the Mass Varying Neutrino (MaVaN) model, where the neutrino mass can vary depending on the electron density along the flight path of the neutrino. Our analysis assumes a mechanism with dependence only upon the electron density, hence ordinary matter density, of the medium through which the neutrino travels. Fully-contained, partially-contained and upward-going muon atmospheric neutrino data from the Super--Kamiokande detector, taken from the entire SK--I period of 1489 live days, are compared to MaVaN model predictions. We find that, for the case of 2-flavor oscillations, and for the specific models tested, oscillation independent of electron density is favored over density dependence. Assuming maximal mixing, the best-fit case and the density-independent case do not differ significantly.

  5. The search for n-nbar oscillation in Super-Kamiokande I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayato, Y; Ishihara, K; Kameda, J; Koshio, Y; Minamino, A; Mitsuda, C; Miura, M; Moriyama, S; Nakahata, M; Obayashi, Y; Ogawa, H; Sekiya, H; Shiozawa, M; Suzuki, Y; Takeda, A; Takeuchi, Y; Ueshima, K; Watanabe, H; Higuchi, I; Ishihara, C; Ishitsuka, M; Kajita, T; Kaneyuki, K; Mitsuka, G; Nakayama, S; Nishino, H; Okumura, K; Saji, C; Takenaga, Y; Clark, S; Desai, S; Dufour, F; Herfurth, A; Kearns, E; Likhoded, S; Litos, M; Raaf, J L; Stone, J L; Sulak, L R; Wang, W; Goldhaber, M; Casper, D; Cravens, J P; Dunmore, J; Griskevich, J; Kropp, W R; Liu, D W; Mine, S; Regis, C; Smy, M B; Sobel, H W; Vagins, M R; Ganezer, K S; Hartfiel, B; Hill, J; Keig, W E; Jang, J S; Jeoung, I S; Kim, J Y; Lim, I T; Scholberg, K; Tanimoto, N; Walter, C W; Wendell, R; Ellsworth, R W; Tasaka, S; Guillian, G; Learned, J G; Matsuno, S; Messier, M D; Ichikawa, A K; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Iwashita, T; Kobayashi, T; Nakadaira, T; Nakamura, K; Nishikawa, K; Nitta, K; Oyama, Y; Suzuki, A T; Hasegawa, M; Maesaka, H; Nakaya, T; Sasaki, T; Sato, H; Tanaka, H; Yamamoto, S; Yokoyama, M; Haines, T J; Dazeley, S; Hatakeyama, S; Svoboda, R; Sullivan, G W; Gran, R; Habig, A; Fukuda, Y; Itow, Y; Koike, T; Jung, C K; Kato, T; Kobayashi, K; McGrew, C; Sarrat, A; Terri, R; Yanagisawa, C; Tamura, N; Ikeda, M; Sakuda, M; Kuno, Y; Yoshida, M; Kim, S B; Yang, B S; Ishizuka, T; Okazawa, H; Choi, Y; Seo, H K; Gando, Y; Hasegawa, T; Inoue, K; Ishii, H; Nishijima, K; Ishino, H; Watanabe, Y; Koshiba, M; Totsuka, Y; Chen, S; Deng, Z; Liu, Y; Kielczewska, D; Berns, H G; Shiraishi, K K; Thrane, E; Washburn, K; Wilkes, R J

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A search for neutron-antineutron (n - nbar) oscillation, a process with |\\DeltaB| = 2 that has been predicted by right-left (R-L) symmetric gauge theories, was undertaken using the 24.5\\times10^33 neutron-yrs exposure of Super- Kamiokande I, in an analysis that included the significant sources of experimental uncertainties. No evidence for n - nbar oscillation was found, the lower limit of the lifetime for neutrons bound in ^16 O was determined to be 1.89 \\times 10^32 yrs at the 90% confidence level (C.L.), and the corresponding limit for the oscillation time for free neutrons was calculated to be 2.44 \\times 10^8 sec using a theoretical suppression factor of 1.0 \\times 10^23 sec^-1.

  6. Neutrino masses from U(1) symmetries and the Super-Kamiokande data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smaragda Lola; Graham G. Ross

    1999-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by the Super-Kamiokande data, we revisit models with U(1) symmetries and discuss the origin of neutrino masses and mixings in such theories. We show that, in models with just three light neutrinos and a hierarchy of neutrino masses, large (2-3) mixing fixes the lepton doublet U(1) charges and is thus related to the structure of the charged lepton mass matrix. We discuss the fermion mass structure that follows from the Abelian family symmetry with an extended gauge group. Requiring that the quark and lepton masses be ordered by the family symmetry, we identify the most promising scheme. This requires large, but not necessarily maximal, mixing in the mu-tau sector and gives small e-mu mixing in the range that is required for the small angle solution of the solar neutrino deficit.

  7. A Measurement of the Appearance of Atmospheric Tau Neutrinos by Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Super-Kamiokande atmospheric neutrino data were fit with an un-binned maximum likelihood method to search for the appearance of tau leptons resulting from the interactions of oscillation-generated tau neutrinos in the detector. Relative to the expectation of unity, the tau normalization is found to be $1.42 \\pm 0.35 \\ (stat)^{+0.14}_{-0.12}\\ (sys) $ excluding the no-tau-appearance hypothesis, for which the normalization would be zero, at the 3.8$\\sigma$ level. We estimate that $180.1 \\pm 44.3\\ (stat)^{+17.8}_{-15.2}\\ (sys)$ tau leptons were produced in the fiducial volume of the detector by tau neutrinos during the running period, compared to an expectation of $120.2^{+34.2}_{-34.8}\\ (sys)$ events.

  8. Can the Super-Kamiokande Atmospheric Data Predict the Solar Neutrino Deficit ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ion Stancu

    1999-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In this Letter we show that the evidence for neutrino oscillations from the Super-Kamiokande atmospheric neutrino data fully determines the 3x3 neutrino-oscillations mixing matrix and predicts an energy independent solar neutrino deficit at the level of 45%. This corresponds to a ratio of measured to predicted neutrino flux of R_e^{Solar} = 0.55, in good agreement with the experimental results. We achieve this result within the framework of a minimal, three-generations neutrino mixing, with mass squared differences of dM^2 = 0.45 eV^2 and dm^2 = O(10^-3) eV^2. The mixing matrix derived here is characterized by the mixing angles theta = 35.1, beta = 5.5, and psi = 23.3, and a vanishing CP-violating phase, delta = 0.

  9. Current Status of the Solar Neutrino Problem with Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hisakazu Minakata; Hiroshi Nunokawa

    1998-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform an updated model-independent analysis using the latest solar neutrino data obtained by $^{37}$Cl and $^{71}$Ga radiochemical experiments, and most notably by a large water-Cherenkov detector SuperKamiokande with their 504 days of data taking. We confirm that the astrophysical solutions to the solar neutrino problem are extremely disfavored by the data and a low-temperature modification of the standard solar model is excluded by more than 5 $\\sigma$. We also propose a new way of illuminating the suppression pattern of various solar neutrino flux without invoking detailed flavor conversion mechanisms. It indicates that the strong suppression of $^7$Be neutrinos is no more true when the neutrino flavor conversion is taken into account.

  10. Laser rock drilling by a super-pulsed CO{sub 2} laser beam.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Z.; Reed, C. B.; Parker, R. A.; Gahan, B. C.; Graves, R. M.; Figueroa, H.

    2002-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    High power carbon dioxide lasers have successfully been used in drilling or cutting engineering materials such as metals, polymers and ceramics over the years. Can a carbon dioxide laser be used to efficiently drill different rocks in a deep gas well? Research sponsored by US Department of Energy has been carried out to answer this question. This paper will report the study results of using a super-pulsed CO{sub 2} laser beam to drill rocks. A 6 kW CO{sub 2} laser operated at superpulse mode was used to carry out the tests. Both linear tracks and deep holes were produced on the rocks. The energy required to remove a unit volume of rock, specific energy, was determined. Test results show that superpulsed CO{sub 2} laser beam can be efficiently used to drill deep, large diameter holes in petroleum rocks with the assistance of purging gas.

  11. Radiative hydrodynamics in the highly super adiabatic layer of stellar evolution models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. J. Robinson; P. Demarque; S. Sofia; K. L. Chan; Y. -C. Kim; D. B. Guenther

    2000-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results of three dimensional simulations of the uppermost part of the sun, at 3 stages of its evolution. Each model includes physically realistic radiative-hydrodynamics (the Eddington approximation is used in the optically thin region), varying opacities and a realistic equation of state (full treatment of the ionization of H and He). In each evolution model, we investigate a domain, which starts at the top of the photosphere and ends just inside the convection zone (about 2400 km in the sun model). This includes all of the super-adiabatic layer (SAL). Due to the different positions of the three models in the $log (g) $ vs $log T_{eff}$ plane, the more evolved models have lower density atmospheres. The reduction in density causes the amount of overshoot into the radiation layer, to be greater in the more evolved models.

  12. Bonus Symmetry and the Operator Product Expansion of N=4 Super-Yang-Mills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenneth Intriligator; Witold Skiba

    1999-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The superconformal group of N=4 super-Yang-Mills has two types of operator representations: short and long. We conjecture that operator product expansions for which at least two of the three operators are short exactly respect a bonus U(1)_Y R-symmetry, which acts as an automorphism of the superconformal group. This conjecture is for arbitrary gauge group G and gauge coupling g_{YM}. A consequence is that n\\leq 4-point functions involving only short operators exactly respect the U(1)_Y symmetry, as has been previously conjectured based on AdS duality. This, in turn, would imply that all n\\leq 3 -point functions involving only short operators are not renormalized, as has also been previously conjectured and subjected to perturbative checks. It is argued that instantons are compatible with our conjecture. Some perturbative checks of the conjecture are presented and SL(2,Z) modular transformation properties are discussed.

  13. Application of Taguchi method in Nd-YAG laser welding of super duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yip, W.M.; Man, H.C.; Ip, W.H. [Hong Kong Polytechnic Univ., Kowloon (Hong Kong)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This investigation is aimed at achieving a near 50-50 % ferrite-austenite ratio of laser welded super duplex stainless steel, UNS S 32760 (Zeron 100). Bead-on-plate welding has been carried out using a 2 kW Nd-YAG laser with 3 different kinds of wave form, Continuous, Sine and Square wave. The weld metals were examined with respect to the phase volume contents by X-ray diffraction. Laser welding involved a large number of variables, interaction and levels of variables. Taguchi Method was selected and used to reduce the number of experimental conditions and to identify the dominant factors. The optimum combinations of controllable factors were found from each set of wave form. The optimum 40-60% ferrite-austenite ratio were realized on some of the combination parameter groups after using the Parameter Design method.

  14. Evaluation of the Super Efficient Refrigerator Program (SERP) in the Bonneville Power Administration service territory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, A.D.; Conger, R.L.

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Super Efficient Refrigerator Program (SERP) is a collaborative utility program intended to transform the market for energy-efficient and environmentally friendly refrigerators. it is one of the first examples of large-scale {open_quotes}market transformation{close_quotes} energy efficiency program. This report documents the evaluation of SERP ({open_quotes}the Program{close_quotes}) in the Bonneville Power Administration`s (Bonneville`s) service territory. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted this evaluation for Bonneville. This study includes the process evaluation, preliminary impact evaluation, and market transformation assessment. It is based on site visits and interviews with refrigerator dealers and manufacturers, industry data, and Bonneville information. Results from this study are compared with those from a parallel study that examines the Program across the 24 participating utilities.

  15. Super-Efficient Refrigerator Program (SERP) evaluation volume 2: Preliminary impact and market transformation assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, A.D.; Conger, R.L.

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Super Efficient Refrigerator Program (SERP) is a collaborative utility program intended to transform the market for energy-efficient and environmentally friendly refrigerators. It is one of the first examples of a large-scale {open_quotes}market transformation{close_quotes} energy efficiency program. This report documents the preliminary impact and market transformation evaluation of SERP ({open_quotes}the Program{close_quotes}). Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted this evaluation for the U.S. Department of Energy. This study focuses on the preliminary impact evaluation and market transformation assessment, but also presents limited process evaluation information. It is based on interviews with refrigerator dealers and manufacturers, interviews with utility participants, industry data, and information from the Program administrators. Results from this study complement those from prior process evaluation also conducted by PNNL. 42 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

  16. Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with NEMO 3 and SuperNEMO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan Soldner-Rembold

    2007-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 2003 the NEMO~3 experiment has been searching for neutrinoless double beta decay using about 10 kg of enriched isotopes. A limit of T_(1/2)(0nu) > 5.8 10**23 years at 90 % CL has been obtained for 100-Mo from the first two years of data. Several measurements of two-neutrino double beta decays have also been performed. A first NEMO 3 measurement of the half-life of 130-Te is presented, giving a value of T_(1/2)(2nu) = (7.6 +- 1.5 (stat) +- 0.8 (syst)) 10**20 years. In parallel, there is an active R&D programme for the SuperNEMO experiment which is expected to commence data taking in 2012-2013 with 100-200 kg of enriched isotopes.

  17. Tailoring Metallodielectric Structures for Super Resolution and Superguiding Applications in the Visible and Near IR Ranges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Ceglia, D; Cappeddu, M G; Centini, M; Akozbek, N; DOrazio, A; Haus, J W; Bloemer, M J; Scalora, M

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss propagation effects in realistic, transparent, metallo-dielectric photonic band gap structures in the context of negative refraction and super-resolution in the visible and near infrared ranges. In the resonance tunneling regime, we find that for transverse-magnetic incident polarization, field localization effects contribute to a waveguiding phenomenon that makes it possible for the light to remain confined within a small fraction of a wavelength, without any transverse boundaries, due to the suppression of diffraction. This effect is related to negative refraction of the Poynting vector inside each metal layer, balanced by normal refraction inside the adjacent dielectric layer: The degree of field localization and material dispersion together determine the total momentum that resides within any given layer, and thus the direction of energy flow. We find that the transport of evanescent wave vectors is mediated by the excitation of quasi-stationary, low group velocity surface waves responsible for...

  18. Super-Hydrophobic Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Coatings for Stainless Steel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francesco De Nicola; Paola Castrucci; Manuela Scarselli; Francesca Nanni; Ilaria Cacciotti; Maurizio De Crescenzi

    2015-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We have taken advantage of the native surface roughness and the iron content of AISI 316 stainless steel to direct grow multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) random networks by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) at low-temperature ($steel sheets were obtained, exhibiting high contact angle values ($154^{\\circ}$) and high adhesion force (high contact angle hysteresis). Furthermore, the investigation of MWCNT films at scanning electron microscopy (SEM) reveals a two-fold hierarchical morphology of the MWCNT random networks made of hydrophilic carbonaceous nanostructures on the tip of hydrophobic MWCNTs. Owing to the Salvinia effect, the hydrophobic and hydrophilic composite surface of the MWCNT films supplies a stationary super-hydrophobic coating for conductive stainless steel. This biomimetical inspired surface not only may prevent corrosion and fouling but also could provide low-friction and drag-reduction.

  19. Virtual and super - virtual refraction method: Application to synthetic data and 2012 of Karangsambung survey data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nugraha, Andri Dian [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia)] [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia); Adisatrio, Philipus Ronnie [Geophysical Engineering Department, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia)] [Geophysical Engineering Department, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia)

    2013-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Seismic refraction survey is one of geophysical method useful for imaging earth interior, definitely for imaging near surface. One of the common problems in seismic refraction survey is weak amplitude due to attenuations at far offset. This phenomenon will make it difficult to pick first refraction arrival, hence make it challenging to produce the near surface image. Seismic interferometry is a new technique to manipulate seismic trace for obtaining Green's function from a pair of receiver. One of its uses is for improving first refraction arrival quality at far offset. This research shows that we could estimate physical properties such as seismic velocity and thickness from virtual refraction processing. Also, virtual refraction could enhance the far offset signal amplitude since there is stacking procedure involved in it. Our results show super - virtual refraction processing produces seismic image which has higher signal-to-noise ratio than its raw seismic image. In the end, the numbers of reliable first arrival picks are also increased.

  20. Neutrino-induced upward-going muons in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Habig; for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    1999-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Upward-going muons observed by the Super-Kamiokande detector are produced by high-energy atmospheric neutrinos which interact in rock around the detector. Those which pass completely through the detector have a mean parent neutrino energy of ~100 GeV, while those which range out inside the detector come from neutrinos of mean energy ~10 GeV. The neutrino baseline varies with the observed muon zenith angle, allowing for an independent test via nu-mu disappearance of the neutrino oscillations observed in the Super-Kamiokande contained events. 614 upward through-going and 137 upward stopping muons were observed over 537 (516) live days, resulting in a flux of Phi_t=1.74\\pm0.07(stat.)\\pm0.02(sys.), Phi_s=0.380\\pm0.038(stat.)^{+0.019}_{-0.016}(sys.) x10^{-13}cm^{-2}s^{-1}sr^{-1}. The observed stopping/through-going ratio R=0.218\\pm0.023(stat.)^{+0.014}_{-0.013}(syst.) is 2.9 sigma lower than the expectation of 0.368^{+0.049}_{-0.044}(theo.). Both the shape of the zenith angle distribution of the observed flux and this low ratio are inconsistent with the null oscillation hypothesis, but are compatible with the previously observed nu-mu nu-tau oscillations. Taken as a whole, the addition of these higher energy nu-mu data to the contained neutrino events provides a better measurement of the oscillation parameters, narrowing the allowed parameter range to sin^22theta >~0.9 and 1.5x10^{-3}eV^2 <~ \\Delta m^2 <~6x10^{-3} at 90% confidence.

  1. SWIFT X-RAY OBSERVATIONS OF CLASSICAL NOVAE. II. THE SUPER SOFT SOURCE SAMPLE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwarz, Greg J. [American Astronomical Society, 2000 Florida Avenue, NW, Suite 400, Washington, DC 20009-1231 (United States); Ness, Jan-Uwe [XMM-Newton Science Operations Centre, ESAC, Apartado 78, 28691 Villanueva de la Canada, Madrid (Spain); Osborne, J. P.; Page, K. L.; Evans, P. A.; Beardmore, A. P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Walter, Frederick M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800 (United States); Andrew Helton, L. [SOFIA Science Center, USRA, NASA Ames Research Center, M.S. N211-3, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Woodward, Charles E. [Minnesota Institute of Astrophysics, 116 Church Street S.E., University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Bode, Mike [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Birkenhead CH41 1LD (United Kingdom); Starrfield, Sumner [School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, P.O. Box 871404, Tempe, AZ 85287-1404 (United States); Drake, Jeremy J., E-mail: Greg.Schwarz@aas.org [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, MS 3, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Swift gamma-ray burst satellite is an excellent facility for studying novae. Its rapid response time and sensitive X-ray detector provides an unparalleled opportunity to investigate the previously poorly sampled evolution of novae in the X-ray regime. This paper presents Swift observations of 52 Galactic/Magellanic Cloud novae. We included the X-Ray Telescope (0.3-10 keV) instrument count rates and the UltraViolet and Optical Telescope (1700-8000 A) filter photometry. Also included in the analysis are the publicly available pointed observations of 10 additional novae the X-ray archives. This is the largest X-ray sample of Galactic/Magellanic Cloud novae yet assembled and consists of 26 novae with Super Soft X-ray emission, 19 from Swift observations. The data set shows that the faster novae have an early hard X-ray phase that is usually missing in slower novae. The Super Soft X-ray phase occurs earlier and does not last as long in fast novae compared to slower novae. All the Swift novae with sufficient observations show that novae are highly variable with rapid variability and different periodicities. In the majority of cases, nuclear burning ceases less than three years after the outburst begins. Previous relationships, such as the nuclear burning duration versus t{sub 2} or the expansion velocity of the eject and nuclear burning duration versus the orbital period, are shown to be poorly correlated with the full sample indicating that additional factors beyond the white dwarf mass and binary separation play important roles in the evolution of a nova outburst. Finally, we confirm two optical phenomena that are correlated with strong, soft X-ray emission which can be used to further increase the efficiency of X-ray campaigns.

  2. WIMS/PANTHER analysis of UO{sub 2}/MOX cores using embedded super-cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knight, M.; Bryce, P. [EDF Energy, Barnett Way, Barnwood, Gloucester (United Kingdom); Hall, S. [Advanced Modelling and Computation Group, Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a method of analysing PWR UO{sub 2}MOX cores with WIMS/PANTHER. Embedded super-cells, run within the reactor code, are used to correct the standard methodology of using 2-group smeared data from single assembly lattice calculations. In many other codes the weakness of this standard approach has been improved for MOX by imposing a more realistic environment in the lattice code, or by improving the sophistication of the reactor code. In this approach an intermediate set of calculations is introduced, leaving both lattice and reactor calculations broadly unchanged. The essence of the approach is that the whole core is broken down into a set of 'embedded' super-cells, each extending over just four quarter assemblies, with zero leakage imposed at the assembly mid-lines. Each supercell is solved twice, first with a detailed multi-group pin-by-pin solution, and then with the standard single assembly approach. Correction factors are defined by comparing the two solutions, and these can be applied in whole core calculations. The restriction that all such calculations are modelled with zero leakage means that they are independent of each other and of the core-wide flux shape. This allows parallel pre-calculation for the entire cycle once the loading pattern has been determined, in much the same way that single assembly lattice calculations can be pre-calculated once the range of fuel types is known. Comparisons against a whole core pin-by-pin reference demonstrates that the embedding process does not introduce a significant error, even after burnup and refuelling. Comparisons against a WIMS reference demonstrate that a pin-by-pin multi-group diffusion solution is capable of capturing the main interface effects. This therefore defines a practical approach for achieving results close to lattice code accuracy, but broadly at the cost of a standard reactor calculation. (authors)

  3. TIDAL DISSIPATION COMPARED TO SEISMIC DISSIPATION: IN SMALL BODIES, EARTHS, AND SUPER-EARTHS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Efroimsky, Michael, E-mail: michael.efroimsky@usno.navy.mil [U.S. Naval Observatory, Washington, DC 20392 (United States)

    2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    While the seismic quality factor and phase lag are defined solely by the bulk properties of the mantle, their tidal counterparts are determined by both the bulk properties and the size effect (self-gravitation of a body as a whole). For a qualitative estimate, we model the body with a homogeneous sphere, and express the tidal phase lag through the lag in a sample of material. Although simplistic, our model is sufficient to understand that the lags are not identical. The difference emerges because self-gravitation pulls the tidal bulge down. At low frequencies, this reduces strain and the damping rate, making tidal damping less efficient in larger objects. At higher frequencies, competition between self-gravitation and rheology becomes more complex, though for sufficiently large super-Earths the same rule applies: the larger the planet, the weaker the tidal dissipation in it. Being negligible for small terrestrial planets and moons, the difference between the seismic and tidal lagging (and likewise between the seismic and tidal damping) becomes very considerable for large exoplanets (super-Earths). In those, it is much lower than what one might expect from using a seismic quality factor. The tidal damping rate deviates from the seismic damping rate, especially in the zero-frequency limit, and this difference takes place for bodies of any size. So the equal in magnitude but opposite in sign tidal torques, exerted on one another by the primary and the secondary, have their orbital averages going smoothly through zero as the secondary crosses the synchronous orbit. We describe the mantle rheology with the Andrade model, allowing it to lean toward the Maxwell model at the lowest frequencies. To implement this additional flexibility, we reformulate the Andrade model by endowing it with a free parameter {zeta} which is the ratio of the anelastic timescale to the viscoelastic Maxwell time of the mantle. Some uncertainty in this parameter's frequency dependence does not influence our principal conclusions.

  4. Evaluation of the Super ESPC Program: Level 2 -- Recalculated Cost Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shonder, John A [ORNL; Hughes, Patrick [ORNL

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of Level 2 of a three-tiered evaluation of the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program's Super Energy Savings Performance Contract (Super ESPC) Program. Level 1 of the analysis studied all of the Super ESPC projects for which at least one Annual Measurement & Verification (M&V) Report had been produced by April 2006. For those 102 projects in aggregate, we found that the value of cost savings reported by the energy service company (ESCO) in the Annual M&V Reports was 108% of the cost savings guaranteed in the contracts. We also compared estimated energy savings (which are not guaranteed, but are the basis for the guaranteed cost savings) to the energy savings reported by the ESCO in the Annual M&V Report. In aggregate, reported energy savings were 99.8% of estimated energy savings on the basis of site energy, or 102% of estimated energy savings based on source energy. Level 2 focused on a random sample of 27 projects taken from the 102 Super ESPC projects studied in Level 1. The objectives were, for each project in the sample, to: repeat the calculations of the annual energy and cost savings in the most recent Annual M&V Report to validate the ESCO's results or correct any errors, and recalculate the value of the reported energy, water, and operations and maintenance (O&M) savings using actual utility prices paid at the project site instead of the 'contract' energy prices - the prices that are established in the project contract as those to be used by the ESCO to calculate the annual cost savings, which determine whether the guarantee has been met. Level 3 analysis will be conducted on three to five projects from the Level 2 sample that meet validity criteria for whole-building or whole-facility data analysis. This effort will verify energy and cost savings using statistical analysis of actual utility use, cost, and weather data. This approach, which can only be used for projects meeting particular validity criteria, is described in Shonder and Florita (2003) and Shonder and Hughes (2005). To address the first objective of the Level 2 analysis, we first assembled all the necessary information, and then repeated the ESCOs' calculations of reported annual cost savings. Only minor errors were encountered, the most common being the use of incorrect escalation rates to calculate utility prices or O&M savings. Altogether, our corrected calculations of the ESCO's reported cost savings were within 0.6% of the ESCOs' reported cost savings, and errors found were as likely to favor the government as they were the ESCO. To address the second objective, we gathered data on utility use and cost from central databases maintained by the Department of Defense and the General Services Administration, and directly from some of the sites, to determine the prices of natural gas and electricity actually paid at the sites during the periods addressed by the annual reports. We used these data to compare the actual utility costs at the sites to the contract utility prices. For natural gas, as expected, we found that prices had risen much faster than had been anticipated in the contracts. In 17 of the 18 projects for which the comparison was possible, contract gas prices were found to be lower than the average actual prices being paid. We conclude that overall in the program, the estimates of gas prices and gas price escalation rates used in the Super ESPC projects have been conservative. For electricity, it was possible to compare contract prices with the actual (estimated) marginal prices of electricity in 20 projects. In 14 of these projects, the overall contract electricity price was found to be lower than the marginal price of electricity paid to the serving utility. Thus it appears that conservative estimates of electricity prices and escalation rates have been used in the program as well. Finally we calculated the value of the reported energy savings using the prices of utilities actually paid by the sites instead of the contract prices. In 16 of the 22 projects (

  5. The Spitzer search for the transits of HARPS low-mass planets I. No transit for the super-Earth HD 40307b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillon, M.

    We used Spitzer and its IRAC camera to search for the transit of the super-Earth HD 40307b. The hypothesis that the planet transits could not be firmly discarded from our first photometric monitoring of a transit window ...

  6. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: SuperTruck – Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Tractor & Trailer, Engine Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Navistar International Corp. at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about SuperTruck –...

  7. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Cummins SuperTruck Program Technology and System Level Demonstration of Highly Efficient and Clean, Diesel Powered Class 8 Trucks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Cummins at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about Cummins SuperTruck program technology...

  8. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: SuperTruck – Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Tractor & Trailer Vehicle

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Navistar at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about SuperTruck – development and...

  9. Dimensional scaling treatment with relativistic corrections for stable multiply charged atomic ions in high-frequency super-intense laser fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kais, Sabre

    in high-frequency super-intense laser fields Ross D. Hoehn, Jiaxiang Wang, and Sabre Kais Citation-intense laser fields Ross D. Hoehn,1 Jiaxiang Wang,2 and Sabre Kais1,a) 1 Departments of Chemistry and Physics

  10. Chiral-Yang-Mills theory, non commutative differential geometry, and the need for a Lie super-algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thierry-Mieg, J

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In Yang-Mills theory, the charges of the left and right massless Fermions are independent of each other. We propose a new paradigm where we remove this freedom and densify the algebraic structure of Yang-Mills theory by integrating the scalar Higgs field into a new gauge-chiral 1-form which connects Fermions of opposite chiralities. Using the Biancchi identity, we prove that the corresponding covariant differential is associative if and only if we gauge a Lie-Kac super-algebra. In this model, spontaneous symmetry breakdown naturally occurs along an odd generator of the super-algebra and induces a representation of the Connes-Lott non commutative differential geometry of the 2-point finite space.

  11. GRMHD formulation of highly super-Chandrasekhar rotating magnetised white dwarfs: Stable configurations of non-spherical white dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Sathyawageeswar

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we extend the exploration of significantly super-Chandrasekhar magnetised white dwarfs by numerically computing axisymmetric stationary equilibria of differentially rotating magnetised polytropic compact stars in general relativity (GR), within the ideal magnetohydrodynamic regime. We use a general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (GRMHD) framework that describes rotating and magnetised axisymmetric white dwarfs, choosing appropriate rotation laws and magnetic field profiles (toroidal and poloidal). The numerical procedure for finding solutions in this framework uses the 3+1 formalism of numerical relativity, implemented in the open source XNS code. We construct equilibrium sequences by varying different physical quantities in turn, and highlight the plausible existence of super-Chandrasekhar white dwarfs, with masses in the range of 2-3 solar mass, with central (deep interior) magnetic fields of the order of $10^{14}$ Gauss and differential rotation with surface time periods of about 1-10 seconds. We no...

  12. Super-Luminal Effects for Finsler Branes as a Way to Preserve the Paradigm of Relativity Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergiu I. Vacaru

    2013-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Using Finsler brane solutions [see details and methods in: S. Vacaru, Class. Quant. Grav. 28 (2011) 215001], we show that neutrinos may surpass the speed of light in vacuum which can be explained by trapping effects from gravity theories on eight dimensional (co) tangent bundles on Lorentzian manifolds to spacetimes in general and special relativity. In nonholonomic variables, the bulk gravity is described by Finsler modifications depending on velocity/ momentum coordinates. Possible super-luminal phenomena are determined by the width of locally anisotropic brane (spacetime) and induced by generating functions and integration functions and constants in coefficients of metrics and nonlinear connections. We conclude that Finsler brane gravity trapping mechanism may explain neutrino super-luminal effects and almost preserve the paradigm of Einstein relativity as the standard one for particle physics and gravity.

  13. First calculation of cosmic-ray muon spallation backgrounds for MeV astrophysical neutrino signals in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Shirley Weishi

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When muons travel through matter, their energy losses lead to nuclear breakup ("spallation") processes. The delayed decays of unstable daughter nuclei produced by cosmic-ray muons are important backgrounds for low-energy astrophysical neutrino experiments, e.g., those seeking to detect solar neutrino or Diffuse Supernova Neutrino Background (DSNB) signals. Even though Super-Kamiokande has strong general cuts to reduce these spallation-induced backgrounds, the remaining rate before additional cuts for specific signals is much larger than the signal rates for kinetic energies of about 6 -- 18 MeV. Surprisingly, there is no published calculation of the production and properties of these backgrounds in water, though there are such studies for scintillator. Using the simulation code FLUKA and theoretical insights, we detail how muons lose energy in water, produce secondary particles, how and where these secondaries produce isotopes, and the properties of the backgrounds from their decays. We reproduce Super-Kamiok...

  14. On the Capability Of Super-Kamiokande Detector To Define the Primary Parameters Of Muon And Electron Events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. I. Galkin; A. M. Anokhina; E. Konishi; A. Misaki

    2008-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a new discrimination procedure for separating electron neutrinos from muon neutrinos, based on detailed simulations carried out with GEANT3.21 and with mean angular distribution functions and their relative fluctuations. Using our procedure we are able to discriminate muons from electrons in Fully Contained Events in Super-Kamioknade Experiment with a probability of error ofless than several %. Also we have checked geometrical resolution on both cases, considering only the ring-like structure of the Cherenkov image and a geometrical reconstruction procedure utilizing the full distribution. Even the methodologically correct approach we have adopted, we cannot reproduce the accuracies for particle discrimination, momentum resolution, interaction vertex location, and angular resolution obtained by the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration.

  15. Super-water-repellent Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} coating films with high transparency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tadanaga, Kiyoharu; Katata, Noriko; Minami, Tsutomu [Osaka Prefecture Univ., Sakai, Osaka (Japan). Dept. of Applied Materials Science

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors have prepared transparent, super-water-repellent coating films of alumina on glass plates by a combination of geometric and chemical approaches. The contact angle for water in the films was 165{degree} and the transmittance for visible light was higher than 92%. A roughness of 20 to 50 nm was obtained, which is too small to scatter visible light, while the degree of roughness was great enough to enhance the water-repellent properties together with the chemical effect of a fluorine-containing agent and gave a super-water-repellent surface. The coatings have great potential for practical applications such as eyeglasses, cover glasses for solar cells, windshields of automobiles, and so on.

  16. Beam Fields and Energy Dissipation Inside the the BE Beam Pipe of the Super-B Detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Novokhatski, Alexander; /SLAC; Sullivan, Michael; /SLAC; ,

    2010-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the bunch field diffusion and energy dissipation in the beam pipe of the Super-B detector, which consists of two coaxial Be thin pipes (half a millimeter). Cooling water will run between these two pipes. Gold and nickel will be sputtered (several microns) onto the beryllium pipe at different sides. The Maxwell equations for the beam fields in these thin layers are solved numerically for the case of infinite pipes. We also calculate the amplitude of the electromagnetic fields outside the beam pipe, which may be noticeable as the beam current can reach 4 A in each beam. Results of simulations are used for the design of this central part of the Super-B detector.

  17. L{sup p} Theory for Super-Parabolic Backward Stochastic Partial Differential Equations in the Whole Space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Du Kai, E-mail: kdu@fudan.edu.cn; Qiu, Jinniao, E-mail: 071018032@fudan.edu.cn; Tang Shanjian, E-mail: sjtang@fudan.edu.cn [Fudan University, Department of Finance and Control Sciences, School of Mathematical Sciences, and Laboratory of Mathematics for Nonlinear Sciences (China)

    2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is concerned with semi-linear backward stochastic partial differential equations (BSPDEs for short) of super-parabolic type. An L{sup p}-theory is given for the Cauchy problem of BSPDEs, separately for the case of p Element-Of (1,2] and for the case of p Element-Of (2,{infinity}). A comparison theorem is also addressed.

  18. A study of short-time periodic variation of the B8 solar neutrino flux at Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Yoo; for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    2003-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Super-Kamiokande(SK) is a real-time detector capable of measuring the exact time of solar neutrino events. This, combined with a relatively high yield of these events of roughly 15 per day, allows a search for short-time variations in the observed flux. Using all 1496 days of SK-I's solar data, we looked for periodic variations of the observed solar neutrino flux, and found no significant periodicity.

  19. ON THE IMPACT OF SUPER RESOLUTION WSR-88D DOPPLER RADAR DATA ASSIMILATION ON HIGH RESOLUTION NUMERICAL MODEL FORECASTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiswell, S

    2009-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Assimilation of radar velocity and precipitation fields into high-resolution model simulations can improve precipitation forecasts with decreased 'spin-up' time and improve short-term simulation of boundary layer winds (Benjamin, 2004 & 2007; Xiao, 2008) which is critical to improving plume transport forecasts. Accurate description of wind and turbulence fields is essential to useful atmospheric transport and dispersion results, and any improvement in the accuracy of these fields will make consequence assessment more valuable during both routine operation as well as potential emergency situations. During 2008, the United States National Weather Service (NWS) radars implemented a significant upgrade which increased the real-time level II data resolution to 8 times their previous 'legacy' resolution, from 1 km range gate and 1.0 degree azimuthal resolution to 'super resolution' 250 m range gate and 0.5 degree azimuthal resolution (Fig 1). These radar observations provide reflectivity, velocity and returned power spectra measurements at a range of up to 300 km (460 km for reflectivity) at a frequency of 4-5 minutes and yield up to 13.5 million point observations per level in super-resolution mode. The migration of National Weather Service (NWS) WSR-88D radars to super resolution is expected to improve warning lead times by detecting small scale features sooner with increased reliability; however, current operational mesoscale model domains utilize grid spacing several times larger than the legacy data resolution, and therefore the added resolution of radar data is not fully exploited. The assimilation of super resolution reflectivity and velocity data into high resolution numerical weather model forecasts where grid spacing is comparable to the radar data resolution is investigated here to determine the impact of the improved data resolution on model predictions.

  20. Self-Enrichment in Globular Clusters: Is There a Role for the Super-Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. L. Pumo; F. D'Antona; P. Ventura

    2008-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In four globular clusters (GCs) a non negligible fraction of stars can be interpreted only as a very helium rich population. The evidence comes from the presence of a "blue" main sequence in $\\omega$ Cen and NGC 2808, and from the the very peculiar horizontal branch morphology in NGC 6441 and NGC 6388. Although a general consensus is emerging on the fact that self--enrichment is a common feature among GCs, the helium content required for these stars is Y$\\simgt$0.35, and it is difficult to understand how it can be produced without any --or, for $\\omega$ Cen, without a considerable--associated metal enhancement. We examine the possible role of super--AGB stars, and show that they may provide the required high helium. However, the ejecta of the most massive super--AGBs show a global CNO enrichment by a factor of $\\simeq$4, due to the dredge--out process occurring at the second dredge up stage. If these clusters show no evidence for this CNO enrichment, we can rule out that at least the most massive super--AGBs evolve into O--Ne white dwarfs and take part in the formation of the second generation stars. This latter hypothesis may help to explain the high number of neutron stars present in GCs. The most massive super--AGBs would in fact evolve into electron--capture supernovae. Their envelopes would be easily ejected out of the cluster, but the remnant neutron stars remain into the clusters, thanks to their small supernova natal kicks.

  1. Temporal properties of GX 301-2 over a year-long observation with SuperAGILE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evangelista, Y; Costa, E; Del Monte, E; Donnarumma, I; Lapshov, I; Lazzarotto, F; Pacciani, L; Rapisarda, M; Soffitta, P; Argan, A; Barbiellini, G; Boffelli, F; Bulgarelli, A; Caraveo, P; Cattaneo, P W; Chen, A; D'Ammando, F; Di Cocco, G; Fuschino, F; Galli, M; Gianotti, F; Giuliani, A; Labanti, C; Lipari, P; Longo, F; Marisaldi, M; Mereghetti, S; Moretti, E; Morselli, A; Pellizzoni, A; Perotti, F; Piano, G; Picozza, P; Pilia, M; Prest, M; Pucella, G; Rappoldi, A; Sabatini, S; Striani, E; Tavani, M; Trifoglio, M; Trois, A; Vallazza, E; Vercellone, S; Vittorini, V; Zambra, A; Antonelli, L A; Cutini, S; Pittori, C; Preger, B; Santolamazza, P; Verrecchia, F; Giommi, P; Salotti, L

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the long-term monitoring of the High Mass X-ray Binary GX 301-2 performed with the SuperAGILE instrument on-board the AGILE mission. The source was monitored in the 20-60 keV energy band during the first year of the mission from 2007 July 17 to 2008 August 31, covering about one whole orbital period and three more pre-periastron passages for a total net observation time of about 3.7 Ms. The SuperAGILE dataset represents one of the most continuous and complete monitoring at hard X-ray energies of the 41.5 day long binary period available to date. The source behaviour was characterized at all orbital phases in terms of hard X-ray flux, spectral hardness, spin period history, pulsed fraction and pulse shape profile. We also complemented the SuperAGILE observations with the soft X-ray data of the RossiXTE/ASM. Our analysis shows a clear orbital modulation of the spectral hardness, with peaks in correspondence of the pre-periastron flare and near phase 0.25. The hardness peaks we found could be related ...

  2. Status of SuperSpec: A Broadband, On-Chip Millimeter-Wave Spectrometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hailey-Dunsheath, S; Barry, P S; Bradford, C M; Chattopadhyay, G; Day, P; Doyle, S; Hollister, M; Kovacs, A; LeDuc, H G; Mauskopf, P; McKenney, C M; Monroe, R; O'Brient, R; Padin, S; Reck, T; Swenson, L; Tucker, C E; Zmuidzinas, J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SuperSpec is a novel on-chip spectrometer we are developing for multi-object, moderate resolution (R = 100 - 500), large bandwidth (~1.65:1) submillimeter and millimeter survey spectroscopy of high-redshift galaxies. The spectrometer employs a filter bank architecture, and consists of a series of half-wave resonators formed by lithographically-patterned superconducting transmission lines. The signal power admitted by each resonator is detected by a lumped element titanium nitride (TiN) kinetic inductance detector (KID) operating at 100-200 MHz. We have tested a new prototype device that is more sensitive than previous devices, and easier to fabricate. We present a characterization of a representative R=282 channel at f = 236 GHz, including measurements of the spectrometer detection efficiency, the detector responsivity over a large range of optical loading, and the full system optical efficiency. We outline future improvements to the current system that we expect will enable construction of a photon-noise-lim...

  3. Two-Dimensional Hydrodynamic Models of Super Star Clusters with a Positive Star Formation Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wünsch, R; Palous, J; Silich, S

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the hydrodynamic code ZEUS, we perform 2D simulations to determine the fate of the gas ejected by massive stars within super star clusters. It turns out that the outcome depends mainly on the mass and radius of the cluster. In the case of less massive clusters, a hot high velocity ($\\sim 1000$ km s$^{-1}$) stationary wind develops and the metals injected by supernovae are dispersed to large distances from the cluster. On the other hand, the density of the thermalized ejecta within massive and compact clusters is sufficiently large as to immediately provoke the onset of thermal instabilities. These deplete, particularly in the central densest regions, the pressure and the pressure gradient required to establish a stationary wind, and instead the thermally unstable parcels of gas are rapidly compressed, by a plethora of re-pressurizing shocks, into compact high density condensations. Most of these are unable to leave the cluster volume and thus accumulate to eventually feed further generations of star for...

  4. The generalized cusp in ABJ(M) N = 6 Super Chern-Simons theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griguolo, Luca; Martelloni, Gabriele; Seminara, Domenico

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a generalized cusped Wilson loop operator in N = 6 super Chern-Simons-matter theories which is locally invariant under half of the supercharges. It depends on two parameters and interpolates smoothly between the 1/2 BPS line or circle and a pair of antiparallel lines, representing a natural generalization of the quark-antiquark potential in ABJ(M) theories. For particular choices of the parameters we obtain 1/6 BPS configurations that, mapped on S^2 by a conformal transformation, realize a three-dimensional analogue of the wedge DGRT Wilson loop of N = 4. The cusp couples, in addition to the gauge and scalar fields of the theory, also to the fermions in the bifundamental representation of the U(N)xU(M) gauge group and its expectation value is expressed as the holonomy of a suitable superconnection. We discuss the definition of these observables in terms of traces and the role of the boundary conditions of fermions along the loop. We perform a complete two-loop analysis, obtaining an explicit resu...

  5. The generalized cusp in ABJ(M) N = 6 Super Chern-Simons theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luca Griguolo; Daniele Marmiroli; Gabriele Martelloni; Domenico Seminara

    2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a generalized cusped Wilson loop operator in N = 6 super Chern-Simons-matter theories which is locally invariant under half of the supercharges. It depends on two parameters and interpolates smoothly between the 1/2 BPS line or circle and a pair of antiparallel lines, representing a natural generalization of the quark-antiquark potential in ABJ(M) theories. For particular choices of the parameters we obtain 1/6 BPS configurations that, mapped on S^2 by a conformal transformation, realize a three-dimensional analogue of the wedge DGRT Wilson loop of N = 4. The cusp couples, in addition to the gauge and scalar fields of the theory, also to the fermions in the bifundamental representation of the U(N)xU(M) gauge group and its expectation value is expressed as the holonomy of a suitable superconnection. We discuss the definition of these observables in terms of traces and the role of the boundary conditions of fermions along the loop. We perform a complete two-loop analysis, obtaining an explicit result for the generalized cusp at the second non-trivial order, from which we read off the interaction potential between heavy 1/2 BPS particles in the ABJ(M) model. Our results open the possibility to explore in the three-dimensional case the connection between localization properties and integrability, recently advocated in D = 4.

  6. AMUSE-Virgo I. Super-massive black holes in low-mass spheroids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallo, Elena; Jacob, Jeremy; Woo, Jong-Hak; Marshall, Phil; Antonucci, Robert

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (Abridged) We present the first results from the AGN Multiwavelength Survey of Early-type galaxies in the Virgo cluster (AMUSE-Virgo). This large program targets 100 early-type galaxies with the Chandra X-ray Observatory and the Spitzer Space Telescope, with the aim of providing an unbiased census of low-level super-massive black hole (SMBH) activity in the local universe. Here we report on the Chandra observations of the first 16 targets, and combine them with results from archival data of another, typically more massive, 16 targets. Point-like X-ray emission from a position coincident with the optical nucleus is detected in 50% of the galaxies. Two of the X-ray nuclei are hosted by galaxies (VCC1178=N4464 and VCC1297=N4486B) with absolute B magnitudes fainter than -18, where nuclear star clusters are known to become increasingly common. After carefully accounting for possible contamination from low mass X-ray binaries, we argue that the detected nuclear X-ray sources are most likely powered by low-level acc...

  7. Design development for the 50mm Superconducting Super Collider dipole cryostat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicol, T.H.

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cryostat of a Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) dipole magnet consists of all magnet components except the magnet assembly itself. It serves to support the magnet accurately and reliably within the vacuum vessel, provide all required cryogenic piping, and to insulate the cold mass from heat radiated and conducted from the environment. It must function reliably during storage, shipping and handling, normal magnet operation, quenches, and seismic excitations, and must be manufacturable at low cost. The major components of the cryostat are the vacuum vessel, thermal shields, multilayer insulation system, cryogenic piping, interconnections, and suspension system. The overall design of a cryostat for superconducting accelerator magnets requires consideration of fluid flow, proper selection of materials for their thermal and structural performance at both ambient and operating temperature, and knowledge of the environment to which the magnets will be subjected over the course their expected operating life. This paper describes the design of the current 50mm SSC collider dipole cryostat and includes discussions on the structural and thermal considerations involved in the development of each of the major systems. Where appropriate, comparisons will be made with the 40mm cryostat. 7 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

  8. Studies of Nucleon Form Factors with 12 GeV CEBAF and SuperBigBite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jens-Ole Hansen

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The elastic electromagnetic form factors are among the most fundamental quantities that describe the ground-state structure of the proton and neutron. Precision data of the form factors over a wide kinematical range provide a powerful test of current theories of hadron structure. A number of experiments aiming to measure the electric and magnetic elastic form factors of the neutron, G{sub E}{sup n} and G{sub M}{sup n}, and proton, G{sub E}{sup p}, at very high momentum transfer, up to the range of Q{sup 2} = 10-14 (GeV/c){sup 2}, are planned to be carried out with the future 11 GeV electron beam of the upgraded CEBAF at Jefferson Lab. These experiments will determine the nucleon form factors with unprecedented precision to Q{sup 2}-values up to three times higher than those of existing data. We review the approved proposals and the conceptual design of a new spectrometer, SuperBigBite, that will be used in these and other future experiments at Jefferson Lab.

  9. On the diversity of Super-luminous Supernovae: Ejected mass as the dominant factor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholl, M; Jerkstrand, A; Inserra, C; Sim, S A; Chen, T -W; Benetti, S; Fraser, M; Gal-Yam, A; Kankare, E; Maguire, K; Smith, K; Sullivan, M; Valenti, S; Young, D R; Baltay, C; Bauer, F E; Baumont, S; Bersier, D; Botticella, M -T; Childress, M; Dennefeld, M; Della Valle, M; Elias-Rosa, N; Feindt, U; Galbany, L; Hadjiyska, E; Guillou, L Le; Leloudas, G; Mazzali, P; McKinnon, R; Polshaw, J; Rabinowitz, D; Rostami, S; Scalzo, R; Schmidt, B P; Schulze, S; Sollerman, J; Taddia, F; Yuan, F

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    H-poor super-luminous supernovae (SLSNe) are a rare and poorly understood class of explosion. We assemble the largest sample (24) of such objects to date, with griz light curves and optical spectra. We parameterize the light curve through rise and decline timescales, finding that these are highly correlated. Magnetar-powered models reproduce the correlation, with the diversity in rise and decline driven by the diffusion timescale. Circumstellar interaction models can exhibit a similar rise-decline relation, but for only a narrow density range, which may be problematic for these models. We see a similar correlation in normal SNe Ibc (powered by 56Ni), though SLSNe rise and decline more slowly, and their peak luminosity requires an additional energy source. We find that SLSN light curves are approximately 3.5 mag brighter and 3 times broader than SNe Ibc, but that the intrinsic shapes are similar. Some SLSNe (2007bi-like) have very broad light curves, possibly indicating two progenitor channels, but statistical...

  10. Spectroscopy at the high-energy electron beam ion trap (Super EBIT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Widmann, K.; Beiersdorfer, P.; Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, J.R.

    1996-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The following progress report presents some of the x-ray measurements performed during the last year on the Livermore SuperEBIT facility. The measurements include: direct observation of the spontaneous emission of the hyperfine transition in ground state hydrogenlike holmium, {sup 165}Ho{sup 66{plus}}; measurements of the n {equals} 2 {r_arrow} 2 transition energies in neonlike thorium, Th{sup 80{plus}}, through lithiumlike thorium, Th{sup 87{plus}}, testing the predictions of quantum electrodynamical contributions in high-Z ions up to the 0.4{percent} level; measurements of the isotope shift of the n= 2 {r_arrow} 2 transition energies between lithiumlike through carbonize uranium, {sup 233}U{sup 89{plus}...86{plus}} and {sup 238}U{sup 89{plus}...86{plus}}, inferring the variation of the mean- square nuclear charge radius; and high-resolution measurements of the K{alpha} radiation of heliumlike xenon, Xe{sup 52 {plus}}, using a transmission-type crystal spectrometer, resolving for the first time the ls2p{sup 3}P{sub 1} {r_arrow} 1S{sup 2} {sup 1}S{sub 0} and ls2s{sup 3}S{sub 1} {r_arrow} 1S{sup 2} {sup 1}S{sub 0} transitions individually. 41 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Identification problems of muon and electron events in the Super-Kamiokande detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K Mitsui; T Kitamura; T Wada; K Okei

    2002-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    In the measurement of atmospheric nu_e and nu_mu fluxes, the calculations of the Super Kamiokande group for the distinction between muon-like and electronlike events observed in the water Cerenkov detector have initially assumed a misidentification probability of less than 1 % and later 2 % for the sub-GeV range. In the multi-GeV range, they compared only the observed behaviors of ring patterns of muon and electron events, and claimed a 3 % mis-identification. However, the expressions and the calculation method do not include the fluctuation properties due to the stochastic nature of the processes which determine the expected number of photoelectrons (p.e.) produced by muons and electrons. Our full Monte Carlo (MC) simulations including the fluctuations of photoelectron production show that the total mis-identification rate for electrons and muons should be larger than or equal to 20 % for sub-GeV region. Even in the multi-GeV region we expect a mis-identification rate of several % based on our MC simulations taking into account the ring patterns. The mis-identified events are mostly of muonic origin.

  12. Solar 8B and hep Neutrino Measurements from 1258 Days of Super-Kamiokande Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    2001-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Solar neutrino measurements from 1258 days of data from the Super-Kamiokande detector are presented. The measurements are based on recoil electrons in the energy range 5.0-20.0MeV. The measured solar neutrino flux is 2.32 +- 0.03(stat.) +0.08-0.07(sys.)*10^6cm^{-2}s^{-1}, which is 45.1+-0.5(stat.)+1.6-1.4(sys.)% of that predicted by the BP2000 SSM. The day vs night flux asymmetry is 0.033+-0.022(stat.)+0.013-0.012(sys.). The recoil electron energy spectrum is consistent with no spectral distortion (\\chi^2/d.o.f. = 19.0/18). The seasonal variation of the flux is consistent with that expected from the eccentricity of the Earth's orbit (\\chi^2/d.o.f. = 3.7/7). For the hep neutrino flux, we set a 90% C.L. upper limit of 40 *10^3cm^{-2}s^{-1}, which is 4.3 times the BP2000 SSM prediction.

  13. Super-Kamiokande hep neutrino best fit: a possible signal of nonmaxwellian solar plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massimo Coraddu; Marcello Lissia; Giuseppe Mezzorani; Piero Quarati

    2002-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The Super-Kamiokande best global fit, which includes data from SNO, Gallium and Chlorine experiments, results in a hep neutrino contribution to the signals that, even after oscillation, is greater than the SSM prediction. The solar hep neutrino flux that would yield this contribution is four times larger than the one predicted by the SSM. Recent detailed calculations exclude that the astrophysical factor S_{hep}(0) could be wrong by such a large factor. Given the reliability of the temperature and densities profiles inside the Sun, this experimental result indicates that plasma effects are important for this reaction. We show that a slight enhancement of the high-energy tail, enhancement that is of the order of the deviations from the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution expected in the solar core plasma, produces an increment of the hep rate of the magnitude required. We verified that the other neutrino fluxes remain compatible with experimental signals and SSM predictions. Better measurements of the high-energy tail of the neutrino spectrum would improve our understanding of reaction rates in the solar plasma.

  14. The Supernova Relic Neutrino Backgrounds at KamLAND and Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louis E. Strigari; Manoj Kaplinghat; Gary Steigman; Terry P. Walker

    2004-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the Supernova Relic Neutrino (SRN) background flux for the KamLAND and Super-Kamiokande (SK) detectors, motivated by the reduction in background at SK and new results for the star formation history (e.g., from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS)). Our best estimate for the flux at SK is slightly below, but very close to the current SK upper limit. The SK upper limit is already inconsistent with a range of star formation histories allowed by the SDSS data. We estimate that the SRN background should be detected (at 1-sigma) at SK with a total of about 9 years (including the existing 4 years) of data. While KamLAND is a much smaller detector compared to SK, it profits from being practically background-free and from its sensitivity to the lower energy supernova neutrinos. KamLAND could make a 1-sigma detection of the SRN with a total of about 5 years of data. Given the small expected SRN event rate, we also consider the detection of the SRN in a modified SK detector with a lower threshold and reduced background where the time to detection can be reduced by a factor of 10 relative to the existing SK estimate.

  15. Limits on Sterile Neutrino Mixing using Atmospheric Neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :,; Haga, Y; Hayato, Y; Ikeda, M; Iyogi, K; Kameda, J; Kishimoto, Y; Miura, M; Moriyama, S; Nakahata, M; Nakano, Y; Nakayama, S; Sekiya, H; Shiozawa, M; Suzuki, Y; Takeda, A; Tanaka, H; Tomura, T; Ueno, K; Wendell, R A; Yokozawa, T; Irvine, T; Kajita, T; Kametani, I; Kaneyuki, K; Lee, K P; McLachlan, T; Nishimura, Y; Richard, E; Okumura, K; Labarga, L; Fernandez, P; Berkman, S; Tanaka, H A; Tobayama, S; Gustafson, J; Kearns, E; Raaf, J L; Stone, J L; Sulak, L R; Goldhaber, M; Carminati, G; Kropp, W R; Mine, S; Weatherly, P; Renshaw, A; Smy, M B; Sobel, H W; Takhistov, V; Ganezer, K S; Hartfiel, B L; Hill, J; Keig, W E; Hong, N; Kim, J Y; Lim, I T; Akiri, T; Himmel, A; Scholberg, K; Walter, C W; Wongjirad, T; Ishizuka, T; Tasaka, S; Jang, J S; Learned, J G; Matsuno, S; Smith, S N; Hasegawa, T; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Kobayashi, T; Nakadaira, T; Nakamura, K; Oyama, Y; Sakashita, K; Sekiguchi, T; Tsukamoto, T; Suzuki, A T; Takeuchi, Y; Bronner, C; Hirota, S; Huang, K; Ieki, K; Kikawa, T; Minamino, A; Murakami, A; Nakaya, T; Suzuki, K; Takahashi, S; Tateishi, K; Fukuda, Y; Choi, K; Itow, Y; Mitsuka, G; Mijakowski, P; Hignight, J; Imber, J; Jung, C K; Yanagisawa, C; Ishino, H; Kibayashi, A; Koshio, Y; Mori, T; Sakuda, M; Yamaguchi, R; Yano, T; Kuno, Y; Tacik, R; Kim, S B; Okazawa, H; Choi, Y; Nishijima, K; Koshiba, M; Suda, Y; Totsuka, Y; Yokoyama, M; Martens, K; Marti, Ll; Vagins, M R; Martin, J F; de Perio, P; Konaka, A; Wilking, M J; Chen, S; Zhang, Y; Connolly, K; Wilkes, R J

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present limits on sterile neutrino mixing using 4,438 live-days of atmospheric neutrino data from the Super-Kamiokande experiment. We search for fast oscillations driven by an eV$^2$-scale mass splitting and for oscillations into sterile neutrinos instead of tau neutrinos at the atmospheric mass splitting. When performing both these searches we assume that the sterile mass splitting is large, allowing $\\sin^2(\\Delta m^2 L/4E)$ to be approximated as $0.5$, and we assume that there is no mixing between electron neutrinos and sterile neutrinos ($|U_{e4}|^2 = 0$). No evidence of sterile oscillations is seen and we limit $|U_{\\mu4}|^2$ to less than 0.041 and $|U_{\\tau4}|^2$ to less than 0.18 for $\\Delta m^2 > 0.8$ eV$^2$ at the 90% C.L. in a 3+1 framework. The approximations that can be made with atmospheric neutrinos allow these limits to be easily applied to 3+N models, and we provide our results in a generic format to allow comparisons with other sterile neutrino models.

  16. Time Series Analysis Methods Applied to the Super-Kamiokande I Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gioacchino Ranucci

    2005-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The need to unravel modulations hidden in noisy time series of experimental data is a well known problem, traditionally attacked through a variety of methods, among which a popular tool is the so called Lomb-Scargle periodogram. Recently, for a class of problems in the solar neutrino field, it has been proposed an alternative maximum likelihood based approach, intended to overcome some intrinsic limitations affecting the Lomb-Scargle implementation. This work is focused to highlight the features of the likelihood methodology, introducing in particular an analytical approach to assess the quantitative significance of the potential modulation signals. As an example, the proposed method is applied to the time series of the measured values of the 8B neutrino flux released by the Super-Kamiokande collaboration, and the results compared with those of previous analysis performed on the same data sets. It is also examined in detail the comparison between the Lomb-Scargle and the likelihood methods, giving in the appendix the complete demonstration of their close relationship.

  17. HADS in the Large Magellanic Cloud: Initial findings from the SuperMACHO project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garg, A

    2009-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The SuperMACHO Project is a five-year survey toward the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) aimed at understanding the nature of the populations of lenses responsible for the excess microlensing rates observed by the MACHO project. Survey observations were completed in 2006. A rich side-product of this survey is a catalog of variable sources down to a depth of VR 23, including many classes of pulsating variables such as {delta}-Scuti and RR Lyrae. Through their position in the Period-Luminosity diagram and their light curve characteristics we have identified 2323 high amplitude {delta}-Scuti (HADS) having high quality light curves. sing Fourier decomposition of the HADS light curves, we find that the period-luminosity (PL) relation defined by the firt-overtone (FO) pulsators does not show a clear separation from the PL-relation defined by the fundamental (F) pulsators. This differs from other instability strip pulsators such as type c RR Lyrae. We also present evidence for a larger amplitude, subluminous population of HADS similar to that observed in Fornax.

  18. Effect of temperature and pH on cavitation erosion of super duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwok, C.T.; Man, H.C.; Leung, L.K. [Hong Kong Polytechnic Univ., Kowloon (Hong Kong)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cavitation erosion characteristics of super duplex stainless steel (S32760) and austenitic stainless steel (S30400) in 3.5% NaCl solution with controlled temperature and pH value in the range of 10 to 70 C and pH 3 to 11 have been studied by means of a 20kHz ultrasonic vibrator at a peak to peak amplitude of 50 {micro}m. The erosion resistance of other stainless steels including S31803 and S31603 was also investigated for comparison purpose. Plots of cumulative erosion mass loss per unit area versus temperature for S32760 and S30400 indicate that the degree of erosion initially increases as the temperature increases from 10 C to 50 C and passes through a maximum at about 50 C and then decreases with further increase in temperature to 70 C. Results of cumulative erosion versus pH indicate that the degree of erosion of S32760 is more sensitive to pH value than that of S30400 at 23 C.

  19. Microstructural characteristics and corrosion behavior of a super duplex stainless steel casting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martins, Marcelo [Industrial Manager of SULZER BRASIL S/A and Professor of the Sao Paulo Salesian University Center (UNISAL), Americana Division, SP (Brazil)], E-mail: marcelo.martins@sulzer.com; Casteletti, Luiz Carlos [Department of Materials, Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering, Sao Carlos School of Engineering, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Carlos, SP Brazil (Brazil)

    2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The machining of super duplex stainless steel castings is usually complicated by the difficulty involved in maintaining the dimensional tolerances required for given applications. Internal stresses originating from the solidification process and from subsequent heat treatments reach levels that exceed the material's yield strength, promoting plastic strain. Stress relief heat treatments at 520 deg. C for 2 h are an interesting option to solve this problem, but because these materials present a thermodynamically metastable condition, a few precautions should be taken. The main objective of this work was to demonstrate that, after solution annealing at 1130 deg. C and water quenching, stress relief at 520 deg. C for 2 h did not alter the duplex microstructure or impair the pitting corrosion resistance of ASTM A890/A890M Grade 6A steel. This finding was confirmed by microstructural characterization techniques, including light optical and scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction. Corrosion potential measurements in synthetic sea water containing 20,000 ppm of chloride ions were also conducted at three temperatures: 5 deg. C, 25 deg. C and 60 deg. C.

  20. Habitability of Super-Earth Planets around Other Suns: Models including Red Giant Branch Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. von Bloh; M. Cuntz; K. -P. Schroeder; C. Bounama; S. Franck

    2008-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The unexpected diversity of exoplanets includes a growing number of super- Earth planets, i.e., exoplanets with masses of up to several Earth masses and a similar chemical and mineralogical composition as Earth. We present a thermal evolution model for a 10 Earth mass planet orbiting a star like the Sun. Our model is based on the integrated system approach, which describes the photosynthetic biomass production taking into account a variety of climatological, biogeochemical, and geodynamical processes. This allows us to identify a so-called photosynthesis-sustaining habitable zone (pHZ) determined by the limits of biological productivity on the planetary surface. Our model considers the solar evolution during the main-sequence stage and along the Red Giant Branch as described by the most recent solar model. We obtain a large set of solutions consistent with the principal possibility of life. The highest likelihood of habitability is found for "water worlds". Only mass-rich water worlds are able to realize pHZ-type habitability beyond the stellar main-sequence on the Red Giant Branch.