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Sample records for grady cle vela

  1. abstract-grady

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Building An Integrated Activity-Based and Dynamic Network Assignment Model For Sacramento Area Council of Governments (SACOG) Brian Grady (RSG) and/or Joe Castiglione (RSG) List of Authors ================ Joe Castiglione, Resource Systems Group, Inc. 29 Belmont Street, Somerville, MA 02143 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Brian Grady, Resource Systems Group, Inc. 55 Railroad Row, White River Junction, VT 05001 802-295-4999 This email

  2. Sheila Grady-McBride | Bioenergy | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sheila Grady-McBride Sheila Grady-McBride Business Support II, Administrative Associate Sheila.Grady-Mcbride@nrel.gov | 303-384-6220 Areas of Expertise Sheila Grady-McBride joined the National Bioenergy Center at the end of June 2012 as a research support assistant supporting the Thermochemical Group. Prior to joining the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Grady-McBride most recently worked at The Beck Group as a project assistant. Before that she worked for 12 years at GE Access as an

  3. Vela | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Logo: Vela Name: Vela Place: Dubai, United Arab Emirates Sector: Oil and Gas Product: marine transportation for refined products and crude oi Year Founded:...

  4. Grady County, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zone Subtype A. Places in Grady County, Oklahoma Alex, Oklahoma Amber, Oklahoma Blanchard, Oklahoma Bradley, Oklahoma Bridge Creek, Oklahoma Chickasha, Oklahoma Minco,...

  5. VELA_COMP_OUT

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0 Years of Treaty Verification from Space Operational Satellite Systems During the 50 years since the first Vela satellites, the United States developed and maintained an evolving constellation of operationally vigilant, space-based sentinels for nuclear detonation treaty verification. A multitude of sophisticated sensors developed at Los Alamos and Sandia national laboratories, each evolving and benefitting from continual advances in electronics and sensor technologies, monitors for

  6. German Club for Rural Electrification CLE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electrification CLE Jump to: navigation, search Name: German Club for Rural Electrification (CLE) Place: Freiburg, Germany Zip: 79114 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: German...

  7. Bio Sciences: Ryan Agh Haide Vela-Alvarez Chemistry: Morgan Kelley

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Symposium Winners Bio Sciences: Ryan Agh Haide Vela-Alvarez Chemistry: Morgan Kelley Belinda Pacheco Computing: Nicholas Lewis Colin Redman and Gerald Collom Earth and Space...

  8. The Vela pulsar with an active fallback disk

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Özsükan, Gökçe; Ek?i, K. Yavuz [Faculty of Science and Letters, Department of Physics, ?stanbul Technical University, Maslak 34469, ?stanbul (Turkey); Hambaryan, Valeri; Neuhäuser, Ralph; Hohle, Markus M.; Ginski, Christian [Astrophysikalisches Institut und Universitäts-Sternwarte, Universität Jena, Schillergäßchen 2-3, 07745 Jena (Germany); Werner, Klaus, E-mail: eksi@itu.edu.tr [Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Kepler Center for Astro and Particle Physics, Eberhard Karls University, Sand 1, D-72076 Tübingen (Germany)

    2014-11-20

    Fallback disks are expected to form around young neutron stars. The presence of these disks can be revealed by their blackbody spectrum in the infrared, optical, and UV bands. We present a re-reduction of the archival optical and infrared data of the Vela pulsar, together with the existing infrared and UV spectrum of Vela, and model their unpulsed components with the blackbody spectrum of a supernova debris disk. We invoke the quiescent disk solution of Sunyaev and Shakura for the description of the disk in the propeller stage and find the inner radius of the disk to be inside the light cylinder radius. We perform a high-resolution X-ray analysis with XMM-Newton and find a narrow absorption feature at 0.57 keV that can be interpreted as the K {sub ?} line of He-like oxygen (O VII). The strength of the line indicates an element over-abundance in our line of sight exceeding the amounts that would be expected from interstellar medium. The spectral feature may originate from the pulsar wind nebula and may be partly caused by the reprocessed X-ray radiation by the fallback disk. We discuss the lower-than-three braking index of Vela as partially due to the contribution of the propeller torques. Our results suggest that the pulsar mechanism can work simultaneously with the propeller processes and that the debris disks can survive the radiation pressure for at least ?10{sup 4} yr. As Vela is a relatively close object, and a prototypical pulsar, the presence of a disk, if confirmed, may indicate the ubiquity of debris disks around young neutron stars.

  9. Microsoft Word - CLE_2.1_Post-Mortem_2009-v9-Accepted.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... All suites are run in conjunction with released versions of CRI MoabTorque and Altair PBS ... For CLE 2.1 these included VC2, Huge Pages, DVS, and PBS Pro MOAB and Torque. ...

  10. Bio Sciences: Ryan Agh Haide Vela-Alvarez Chemistry: Morgan Kelley

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Symposium Winners Bio Sciences: Ryan Agh Haide Vela-Alvarez Chemistry: Morgan Kelley Belinda Pacheco Computing: Nicholas Lewis Colin Redman and Gerald Collom Earth and Space Sciences: Sean Dolan Lois Smith Engineering: Babatunde Adigun Lexey Sbriglia Health and Safety: Micaela Christensen Information Technology: Michael Salazar Mathematics: William Casper Material Sciences: Matthew Herman Sergio Pino-Gellardo, Matthew Kroonblawd Purnima Ghale, Georg Hahn, Vivek Sardeshmuckh and Jerry Shi

  11. EXTENDED HARD X-RAY EMISSION FROM THE VELA PULSAR WIND NEBULA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mattana, F.; Terrier, R.; Zurita Heras, J. A.; Goetz, D.; Caballero, I.; Soldi, S.; Schanne, S.; Ponti, G.; Falanga, M.; Renaud, M.

    2011-12-10

    The nebula powered by the Vela pulsar is one of the best examples of an evolved pulsar wind nebula, allowing access to the particle injection history and the interaction with the supernova ejecta. We report on the INTEGRAL discovery of extended emission above 18 keV from the Vela nebula. The northern side has no known counterparts and it appears larger and more significant than the southern one, which is in turn partially coincident with the cocoon, the soft X-ray, and TeV filament toward the center of the remnant. We also present the spectrum of the Vela nebula in the 18-400 keV energy range as measured by IBIS/ISGRI and SPI on board the INTEGRAL satellite. The apparent discrepancy between IBIS/ISGRI, SPI, and previous measurements is understood in terms of the point-spread function, supporting the hypothesis of a nebula more diffuse than previously thought. A break at {approx}25 keV is found in the spectrum within 6' from the pulsar after including the Suzaku XIS data. Interpreted as a cooling break, this points out that the inner nebula is composed of electrons injected in the last {approx}2000 years. Broadband modeling also implies a magnetic field higher than 10 {mu}G in this region. Finally, we discuss the nature of the northern emission, which might be due to fresh particles injected after the passage of the reverse shock.

  12. FINAL REPORT VELA UNIFORM PROJECT SPONSORED BY THE ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY OF THE

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    VUF -1009 FINAL REPORT - VELA UNIFORM PROJECT SPONSORED BY THE ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND THE U. S. ATOMIC ENERGY COMMl SSlON FALLON, NEVADA OCTOBER 26,1963 FINAL REPORT OF OFF-SITE SURVEILLANCE Southwestern Radiological Health Laboratory September 1, 1964 Issuance Date: November 27, 1964 L E G A L N O T I C E This report war preprred a r an account of Government rponrored work. Neither the Unlted Strtor, nor the Commlerlon, nor m y perron acting on behalf

  13. VELA program. A twenty-five year review of basic research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kerr, A.U.

    1985-01-01

    Partial Contents: A Review of Test Ban Research; Underground Nuclear Weapons Testing and Seismology - A Cooperative Effort; Forensic Seismology; Technical Issues Related to Nuclear Test Ban Treaties; VELA Overview: The Early Years of the Seismic Research Program; Explosion/Earthquake Source Theory; Linear Elastic Waveform Modeling in the Inelastic Region of Underground Nuclear Explosions; Seismic Wave Propagation Effects; Development of Theory and Numerical Modeling; In-Situ Paths Strain and Stress Bounds with Application to Desert Alluvium; Seismic Scattering and Lithospheric Heterogeneity; Body Wave Propagation in three-Dimensional Source and Receiver Structure; Instrumentation and Signal Analysis; Regional Seismic Array Program and High Frequency Instrumentation; Signal Analysis: Explosion Seismology; Earthquake or Explosion: Where are We Now; Teleseismic Methods; Regional Methods; and Tools for Seismic Data Analysis and Management for Research and International Data Exchange.

  14. Grady Electric Membership Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 7450 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes This article is a stub. You can...

  15. The Off-Site Plowshare and Vela Uniform Programs: Assessing Potential Environmental Liabilities through an Examination of Proposed Nuclear Projects,High Explosive Experiments, and High Explosive Construction Activities Volume 2 of 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck Colleen M.,Edwards Susan R.,King Maureen L.

    2011-09-01

    This document presents the results of nearly six years (2002-2008) of historical research and field studies concerned with evaluating potential environmental liabilities associated with U.S. Atomic Energy Commission projects from the Plowshare and Vela Uniform Programs. The Plowshare Program's primary purpose was to develop peaceful uses for nuclear explosives. The Vela Uniform Program focused on improving the capability of detecting, monitoring and identifying underground nuclear detonations. As a result of the Project Chariot site restoration efforts in the early 1990s, there were concerns that there might be other project locations with potential environmental liabilities. The Desert Research Institute conducted archival research to identify projects, an analysis of project field activities, and completed field studies at locations where substantial fieldwork had been undertaken for the projects. Although the Plowshare and Vela Uniform nuclear projects are well known, the projects that are included in this research are relatively unknown. They are proposed nuclear projects that were not executed, proposed and executed high explosive experiments, and proposed and executed high explosive construction activities off the Nevada Test Site. The research identified 170 Plowshare and Vela Uniform off-site projects and many of these had little or no field activity associated with them. However, there were 27 projects that merited further investigation and field studies were conducted at 15 locations.

  16. The Off-Site Plowshare and Vela Uniform Programs: Assessing Potential Environmental Liabilities through an Examination of Proposed Nuclear Projects,High Explosive Experiments, and High Explosive Construction Activities Volume 3 of 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck Colleen M.,Edwards Susan R.,King Maureen L.

    2011-09-01

    This document presents the results of nearly six years (2002-2008) of historical research and field studies concerned with evaluating potential environmental liabilities associated with U.S. Atomic Energy Commission projects from the Plowshare and Vela Uniform Programs. The Plowshare Program's primary purpose was to develop peaceful uses for nuclear explosives. The Vela Uniform Program focused on improving the capability of detecting, monitoring and identifying underground nuclear detonations. As a result of the Project Chariot site restoration efforts in the early 1990s, there were concerns that there might be other project locations with potential environmental liabilities. The Desert Research Institute conducted archival research to identify projects, an analysis of project field activities, and completed field studies at locations where substantial fieldwork had been undertaken for the projects. Although the Plowshare and Vela Uniform nuclear projects are well known, the projects that are included in this research are relatively unknown. They are proposed nuclear projects that were not executed, proposed and executed high explosive experiments, and proposed and executed high explosive construction activities off the Nevada Test Site. The research identified 170 Plowshare and Vela Uniform off-site projects and many of these had little or no field activity associated with them. However, there were 27 projects that merited further investigation and field studies were conducted at 15 locations.

  17. The Off-Site Plowshare and Vela Uniform Programs: Assessing Potential Environmental Liabilities through an Examination of Proposed Nuclear Projects,High Explosive Experiments, and High Explosive Construction Activities Volume 1 of 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck Colleen M,Edwards Susan R.,King Maureen L.

    2011-09-01

    This document presents the results of nearly six years (2002-2008) of historical research and field studies concerned with evaluating potential environmental liabilities associated with U.S. Atomic Energy Commission projects from the Plowshare and Vela Uniform Programs. The Plowshare Program's primary purpose was to develop peaceful uses for nuclear explosives. The Vela Uniform Program focused on improving the capability of detecting, monitoring and identifying underground nuclear detonations. As a result of the Project Chariot site restoration efforts in the early 1990s, there were concerns that there might be other project locations with potential environmental liabilities. The Desert Research Institute conducted archival research to identify projects, an analysis of project field activities, and completed field studies at locations where substantial fieldwork had been undertaken for the projects. Although the Plowshare and Vela Uniform nuclear projects are well known, the projects that are included in this research are relatively unknown. They are proposed nuclear projects that were not executed, proposed and executed high explosive experiments, and proposed and executed high explosive construction activities off the Nevada Test Site. The research identified 170 Plowshare and Vela Uniform off-site projects and many of these had little or no field activity associated with them. However, there were 27 projects that merited further investigation and field studies were conducted at 15 locations.

  18. VELA_COMP_OUT

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    I. Strong & R. Olson (LANL) NASA Swift Spacecraft devoted to the study of cosmic gamma-ray bursts (Credit: NASAGSFC) The U.S. Nuclear Detonation Detection System is managed as a...

  19. ON THE EXPANSION RATE, AGE, AND DISTANCE OF THE SUPERNOVA REMNANT G266.2–1.2 (Vela Jr.)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, G. E.; Chow, K.; DeLaney, T.; Filipović, M. D.; Houck, J. C.; Pannuti, T. G.; Stage, M. D. E-mail: kc71135@gmail.com E-mail: m.filipovic@uws.edu.au E-mail: t.pannuti@moreheadstate.edu

    2015-01-10

    An analysis of Chandra ACIS data for two relatively bright and narrow portions of the northwestern rim of G266.2–1.2 (a.k.a. RX J0852.0-4622 or Vela Jr.) reveal evidence of a radial displacement of 2.40 ± 0.56 arcsec between 2003 and 2008. The corresponding expansion rate (0.42 ± 0.10 arcsec yr{sup –1} or 13.6% ± 4.2% kyr{sup –1}) is about half the rate reported for an analysis of XMM-Newton data from a similar, but not identical, portion of the rim over a similar, but not identical, time interval (0.84 ± 0.23 arcsec yr{sup –1}). If the Chandra rate is representative of the remnant as a whole, then the results of a hydrodynamic analysis suggest that G266.2–1.2 is between 2.4 and 5.1 kyr old if it is expanding into a uniform ambient medium (whether or not it was produced by a Type Ia or Type II event). If the remnant is expanding into the material shed by a steady stellar wind, then the age could be as much as 50% higher. The Chandra expansion rate and a requirement that the shock speed be greater than or equal to 1000 km s{sup –1} yields a lower limit on the distance of 0.5 kpc. An analysis of previously published distance estimates and constraints suggests G266.2–1.2 is no further than 1.0 kpc. This range of distances is consistent with the distance to the nearer of two groups of material in the Vela Molecular Ridge (0.7 ± 0.2 kpc) and to the Vel OB1 association (0.8 kpc)

  20. OFF VUF-2700 FINAL REPORT VELA UNIFORM PROJECT SPONSORED BY

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... Federal Aviation Agency Los Angeles, California Geo Technical Corporation Garland, Texas ... Space Technology Laboratories, Inc. Redondo Beach Park, California Texas Inet.rumente , ...

  1. Cle Elum Lake Anadromous Salmon Restoration Feasibility Study: Summary of Research, 1986-1999 Progress Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dey, Douglas

    2000-04-01

    The focus of this research was to study the feasibility for anadromous salmonids to recolonize the habitat above reservoirs in the Yakima River without disruption to irrigation withdrawals. A primary concern was whether anadromous fish could successfully exit reservoirs and survive downstream passage through the Yakima and Columbia Rivers to the ocean.

  2. SciTech Connect:

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Grady, Nathaniel" Name Name ORCID Search Authors Type: All BookMonograph ConferenceEvent Journal Article Miscellaneous Patent Program Document Software Manual Technical Report...

  3. p

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    ... Armstrong Hutchinson Childress Dallam Collingsworth Hartley Harmon Oldham Cotton Canadian Deaf Smith Kingfisher Grant Hardeman Hale Floyd Lamb Motley Cottle Wilbarger Grady ...

  4. EIS-1069-SA-07: Supplement Analysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Yakima/Kilickitat Fisheries Project, Noxious Weed Control at Cle Elum and Jack Creek, Cle Elum Supplementation and Research Facility and Jack Creek Acclimation Site, Kittitas County, Washington

  5. EIS-0169-SA-02: Supplement Analysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Yakima Fisheries Project-Natural Spawning Channels, Increased On-site Housing, and Upgrades to the Prosser Hatchery. Cle Elum Supplementation and Research Facility, Cle Elum, Washington

  6. EIS-0169-SA-08: Supplement Analysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project, Boone Pond Acclimation Site, Cle Elum, Kittitas County, Washington

  7. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Brandt, Nate (1) Chen, Hou-Tong (1) Grady, Nathaniel (1) Hwang, Harold Y. (1) Jia, Quanxi (1) Nelson, Keith A. (1) Perkins Jr., Bradford G. (1) Singh, Ranjan (1) Taylor, Antoinette ...

  8. Past VFP research projects | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Past VFP research projects Nanostructured Organometal Halide Perovskites (Javier Vela) Nanocasting for a new generation of smart nanodevices (Igor Slowing) Exploration of ...

  9. Microsoft Word - S11889_Strategy-Final.docx

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    approximately 356 ft above the shot point (Hazleton-Nuclear Science Corporation 1965). ... Hazleton-Nuclear Science Corporation, 1965. Vela Uniform Project Shoal, Fallon, Nevada, ...

  10. Nanostructured Organometal Halide Perovskites | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    them in the construction of new porous and nanostructured solar cell architectures. Research area: Materials Sciences Program mentor: Javier Vela, Assistant Professor of Chemistry...

  11. nemsoverview_928.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... of ve hi cle types by size class Ve hi cle-miles trav eled ... Modeling System: An Overview 2009 38 Transportation Demand Module Fractional Fuel Efficiency Change First Year ...

  12. European Wind Atlas: France | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontenteuropean-wind-atlas-france,http:cle Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance This...

  13. A golden anniversary for space-based treaty verification

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A golden anniversary for space-based treaty verification A golden anniversary for space-based treaty verification Fifty years ago this month, LANL sensor technology lifted off into space to help verify that world Superpowers were abiding by the newly signed Limited Test Ban Treaty. October 22, 2013 Los Alamos National Laboratory researcher Richard Belian performs a final check of the Vela V-B satellite prior to its launch in April 1970. Vela V-B was the last of the Vela twin satellites launched

  14. Supplement Analyses (SA) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Accelerators September 2, 2002 EIS-0169-SA-05: Supplement Analysis YakimaKlickitat Fisheries Project, Cle Elum, Kittitas County, Washington September 2, 2002...

  15. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Totalview, DDT) PGIGNUIntel Compilers GNUIntel Compilers Cray Linux Environment MOABLSFPBS Pro ALPS LustreDVSNFS CLE SuSE components Intel Processors Components Gemini ...

  16. --No Title--

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cray Linux Environment (CLE) DESCRIPTION The ftn command invokes the Cray Fortran Compiler. Typically, the command processes the input files named on the command line...

  17. EIS-0169-SA-05: Supplement Analysis | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to include a hatchery control line, maintained entirely by spawning hatchery-origin fish. DOEEIS-0169-SA-05, Supplement Analysis for YakimaKlickitat Fisheries Project, Cle...

  18. Hawaii Department of Health Clean Air Branch Webpage | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Branch Webpage Internet. cited 20141013. Available from: http:health.hawaii.govcab Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleHawaiiDepartmentofHealthCle...

  19. Enhancement and Suppression of Photocurrent in Si Photodiodes by

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Nanoparticles and Nonlinear Terahertz Superconducting Metamaterials (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect Enhancement and Suppression of Photocurrent in Si Photodiodes by Nanoparticles and Nonlinear Terahertz Superconducting Metamaterials Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Enhancement and Suppression of Photocurrent in Si Photodiodes by Nanoparticles and Nonlinear Terahertz Superconducting Metamaterials Authors: Grady, Nathaniel [1] + Show Author Affiliations Los Alamos National

  20. Contacts for the Office of Administrative Operations | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Administrative Operations Contacts for the Office of Administrative Operations John D. (Dan) Bullington, Director of Administrative Operations 202-586-7364 dan.bullington@hq.doe.gov Valerie Mills, Management and Program Analysis Officer 202-586-8533 Valerie.mills@hq.doe.gov Claude Barnes, Management Analyst 202-586-2957 Dorothy Cofield, Computer Technician 202-586-9525 Robert Grady, Computer Technician 202-586-9525 Diane Himes, Administrative Officer 202-586-2941 Laura Ryan, Clerk 202-586-1634

  1. Manipulation of Electromagnetic Fields with Plasmonic Nanostructures and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Metamaterials (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect Manipulation of Electromagnetic Fields with Plasmonic Nanostructures and Metamaterials Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Manipulation of Electromagnetic Fields with Plasmonic Nanostructures and Metamaterials Authors: Grady, Nathaniel [1] + Show Author Affiliations Los Alamos National Laboratory Publication Date: 2014-08-04 OSTI Identifier: 1148947 Report Number(s): LA-UR-14-26158 DOE Contract Number: AC52-06NA25396 Resource Type:

  2. Response of High-Tc Superconductor Metamaterials to High Intensity THz

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Radiation (Conference) | SciTech Connect SciTech Connect Search Results Conference: Response of High-Tc Superconductor Metamaterials to High Intensity THz Radiation Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Response of High-Tc Superconductor Metamaterials to High Intensity THz Radiation Authors: Grady, Nathaniel [1] ; Perkins Jr., Bradford G. [2] ; Hwang, Harold Y. [2] ; Brandt, Nate [2] ; Torchinsky, Darius [2] ; Singh, Ranjan [1] ; Yan, Li [3] ; Jia, Quanxi [1] ; Trugman, Stuart A. [1] ;

  3. Response of High-Tc Superconductor Metamaterials to High Intensity THz

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Radiation (Conference) | SciTech Connect Conference: Response of High-Tc Superconductor Metamaterials to High Intensity THz Radiation Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Response of High-Tc Superconductor Metamaterials to High Intensity THz Radiation No abstract prepared. Authors: Grady, Nathaniel [1] ; Perkins, Bradford G. Jr. [2] ; Hwang, Harold Y. [2] ; Singh, Ranjan [1] ; Yang, Hao [3] ; Xiong, Jie [3] ; Yan, Li [3] ; Jia, Quanxi [1] ; Trugman, Stuart A. [1] ; Taylor, Antoinette

  4. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Grady, Kevin" Name Name ORCID Search Authors Type: All Book/Monograph Conference/Event Journal Article Miscellaneous Patent Program Document Software Manual Technical Report Thesis/Dissertation Subject: Identifier Numbers: Site: All Alaska Power Administration, Juneau, Alaska (United States) Albany Research Center (ARC), Albany, OR (United States) Albuquerque Complex - NNSA Albuquerque Operations Office, Albuquerque, NM (United States) Amarillo National Resource Center for Plutonium,

  5. CX-006312: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Small-Scale Spring Chinook and Coho ReintroductionCX(s) Applied: B1.20Date: 07/21/2011Location(s): Cle Elum, WashingtonOffice(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  6. Category:Cleveland, OH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cle... 69 KB SVOutPatient Cleveland OH Ohio Power Co.png SVOutPatient Cleveland... 68 KB SVPrimarySchool Cleveland OH Ohio Power Co.png SVPrimarySchool Clevel... 68 KB...

  7. BPA offering grants in science and energy education

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    offering grants in science and energy education 462015 12:00 AM Tweet Page Content Students from East Valley Central School in Yakima, Washington took a field trip to the Cle...

  8. Kwok Ko SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    T racking: Track3P - Multipacting & Dark Current EM P ar1cle---in---cell: Pic3P - RF Guns & Sources (e.g. Klystron) Mul1---physics: T EM3P - EM, Thermal & Structural Effects...

  9. James M. Craw, Nicholas P. Cardo, Yun (Helen) He Lawrence Berkeley...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lebens Cray, Inc. jml@cray.com May 4, 2009 Atlanta CUG This presentation will discuss the lessons learned of the events leading up to the production deployment of CLE 2.1 and the...

  10. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Switch to Detail View for this search SciTech Connect Search Results Page 1 of 1 Search for: All records Creators/Authors contains: "Grady, Nathaniel" × Sort by Relevance Sort by Date (newest first) Sort by Date (oldest first) Sort by Relevance « Prev Next » Everything6 Electronic Full Text5 Citations1 Multimedia0 Datasets0 Software0 Filter Results Filter by Subject materials science(36) (3) materials science (2) nanoscience & nanotechnology(77) material science (2) bio-inspired

  11. January 2013 Most Viewed Documents for National Defense | OSTI, US Dept of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information January 2013 Most Viewed Documents for National Defense Dynamic equation of state and strength properties of unreacted PBXW-128 explosive Chhabildas, L.C.; Grady, D.E.; Reinhart, W.D.; Wilson, L.T. From separations to reconstitution - a short history of Plutonium in the U.S. and Russia Gray, L W Condensation induced water hammer safety Gintner, M.A. Direct calibration of the yield of nuclear explosion Nakanishi, K.; Nikolayev, A.

  12. X:\ARM_19~1\P397-400.WPD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    P( ) N x P lay ( ) (1 N) x P cle ( ) " " P cle P lay , , S S A s , P St ( ), P Cu ( ) 80 , Session Papers 397 (1) Absorption of Solar Radiation in Broken Clouds V. E. Zuev, G. A. Titov, and T. B. Zhuravleva Institute of Atmospheric Optics Russian Academy of Sciences Tomsk, Russia Introduction It is recognized now that the plane-parallel model unsatisfactorily describes the transfer of radiation through broken clouds and that, consequently, the radiation codes of general circulation

  13. VFP Research Projects | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Projects Ames Lab provides hands-on research opportunities in materials science in the following research areas: Mathematical modeling of the aptamers and its effect on small molecule transport into the cell (Marit Nilsen-Hamilton) Synthesis and Characterization of a Hafnium Derivative of the MOF UiO-66-NH2 and its use in Biomass Related Catalysis (Wenyu Huang) Reliable Nanomanufacturing of Ge-Sn Alloys for Solar Energy Conversion (Javier Vela) Past Programs

  14. Ames Laboratory Scientist Receives Award for Advancing Diversity |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Ames Laboratory Scientist Receives Award for Advancing Diversity Ames Laboratory Scientist Receives Award for Advancing Diversity November 6, 2014 - 1:28pm Addthis Ames Laboratory Scientist Receives Award for Advancing Diversity Contacts: Steve Karsjen, Laboratory Education Director, (515) 294-5643 Javier Vela, scientist with the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory and an assistant professor in chemistry at Iowa State University, has been selected as a 2014

  15. AVRAM user's manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGrady, P.W.

    1988-02-01

    This document details the use of the reliability code for the Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation (AVLIS) project. This code was designed by Tom Anklam and John Harris. In late 1984 Patrick McGrady and Elena Koontz of C and TD/TA were assigned the task of improving the code and converting it for use on the DEC-10 system. In early 1986, Patric McGrady converted it to the CRAY. The AVRAM code is divided into distinct parts (often referred to as programs in this document). There is a COSMOS file that controls the execution of the FORTRAN code and controls the naming of output datasets and the deletion of temporary datasets created by the code. The FORTRAN code consists of a main program as a driver and of three main subroutines: EDIT, PARAM, and AVRAM. The EDIT program allows the user to create a new user defined system or add to an existing system or to change certain parameters. The PARAM program allows the user to alter system parameters and to select options such as economics run, criticality analysis or sensitivity studies. The AVRAM program does a reliability analysis of the system.

  16. Towards assessing the violence of reaction during cookoff of confined energetic materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baer, M.R.; Kipp, M.E.; Schmitt, R.G.; Hobbs, M.L.

    1996-11-01

    An analysis of post-ignition events in a variable confinement cookoff test (VCCT) geometry is presented aimed toward predicting the level of violence during cookoff of confined thermally-degraded energetic materials. This study focuses on the dynamic events following thermal initiation whereby accelerated combustion interacts with confinement. Numerical simulations, based on a model of reactive multiphase mixtures, indicate that the response of energetic material is highly dependent upon thermal/mechanical damage states prior to ignition. These damaged states affect the rate of pressurization, dynamic compaction behavior and subsequent growth to detonation. Variations of the specific surface area and porosity produced by decomposition of the energetic material causes different responses ranging from pressure burst to detonation. Calculated stress histories are used in estimating breakup of the VCCT confinement based on Grady-Kipp fragmentation theory.

  17. An efficient method for unfolding kinetic pressure driven VISAR data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark Harry Hess; Peterson, Kyle; Harvey-Thompson, Adam James

    2015-08-18

    Velocity Interferometer System for Any Reflector (VISAR) [Barker and Hollenbach, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4669 (1972)] is a well-known diagnostic that is employed on many shock physics and pulsed-power experiments. With the VISAR diagnostic, the velocity on the surface of any metal flyer can be found. For most experiments employing VISAR, either a kinetic pressure [Grady, Mech. Mater. 29, 181 (1998)] or a magnetic pressure [Lemke et al., Intl J. Impact Eng. 38, 480 (2011)] drives the motion of the flyer. Moreover, reliable prediction of the time-dependent pressure is often a critical component to understanding the physics of these experiments. Although VISAR can provide a precise measurement of a flyer’s surface velocity, the real challenge of this diagnostic implementation is using this velocity to unfold the time-dependent pressure. The purpose of this study is to elucidate a new method for quickly and reliably unfolding VISAR data.

  18. Rear surface spallation on single-crystal silicon in nanosecond laser micromachining

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ren, Jun; Orlov, Sergei S.; Hesselink, Lambertus

    2005-05-15

    Rear surface spallation of single-crystal silicon under 5-ns laser pulse ablation at intensities of 0.6-60 GW/cm{sup 2} is studied through postablation examination of the ablated samples. The spallation threshold energy and the spallation depth's dependences on the energy and target thickness are measured. From the linear relation between the spallation threshold energy and the target thickness, an estimation of the material spall strength around 1.4 GPa is obtained, in reasonable agreement with the spall strength estimation of 0.8-1.2 GPa at a strain rate of 10{sup 7} s{sup -1} using Grady's model for brittle materials. The experiment reveals the internal fracturing process over an extended zone in silicon, which is controlled by the competition between the shock pressure load and the laser ablation rate. The qualities of the laser microstructuring and micromachining results are greatly improved by using an acoustic impedance matching approach.

  19. Issuance Date:: February

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Issuance Date:: February 11, 1966 POST-SHOT HYDROLOGI C SAFETY 68296 VUF-1014 FINAL REPORT FALLON, NEVADA OCTOBER 26, 1963 Hazleton-Nuclear Science Corporation October 30, 1965 SPONSORED BY THE ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND THE U. S.ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION VELA UNIFORM PROJECT LEG A L NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of Government sponsored work. Neither the United States, nor the Commission, nor any person acting on behalf of the Commission: A.

  20. Fifty-one years of Los Alamos Spacecraft

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fenimore, Edward E.

    2014-09-04

    From 1963 to 2014, the Los Alamos National Laboratory was involved in at least 233 spacecraft. There are probably only one or two institutions in the world that have been involved in so many spacecraft. Los Alamos space exploration started with the Vela satellites for nuclear test detection, but soon expanded to ionospheric research (mostly barium releases), radioisotope thermoelectric generators, solar physics, solar wind, magnetospheres, astrophysics, national security, planetary physics, earth resources, radio propagation in the ionosphere, and cubesats. Here, we present a list of the spacecraft, their purpose, and their launch dates for use during RocketFest

  1. Holistic Evaluation of Lightweight Operating Systems using the PERCU Method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kramer, William T.C.; He, Yun; Carter, Jonathan; Glenski, Joseph; Rippe, Lynn; Cardo, Nicholas

    2008-05-01

    The scale of Leadership Class Systems presents unique challenges to the features and performance of operating system services. This paper reports results of comprehensive evaluations of two Light Weight Operating Systems (LWOS), Cray's Catamount Virtual Node (CVN) and Linux Environment (CLE) operating systems, on the exact same large-scale hardware. The evaluation was carried out over a 5-month period on NERSC's 19,480 core Cray XT-4, Franklin, using a comprehensive evaluation method that spans Performance, Effectiveness, Reliability, Consistency and Usability criteria for all major subsystems and features. The paper presents the results of the comparison between CVN and CLE, evaluates their relative strengths, and reports observations regarding the world's largest Cray XT-4 as well.

  2. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dana Bryson River Corridor Division Director and DDFO to the Hanford Advisory Board S a fe a n d E ff e c ti v e C le a n u p th a t P ro te c ts th e C o lu m b ia R iv e r  Re du ce s the Ac tiv e Sit e Fo otp rin t of Cle an up to 75 Sq ua re Mi les (58 6 to 75 )  Sig nif ica ntl y Re du ce s Lo ng -Te rm Mo rtg ag e Co sts  At Co mp let ion , Sh ifts Em ph as is an d Re so urc es to Fu ll Sc ale Cle an up of the Ce ntr al Pla tea u (75 sq ua re mi les )  Re du ce s Co sts by

  3. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Jonathan A. Dowell DOE-RL Assistant Manager for River and Plateau S a fe a n d E ff e c ti v e C le a n u p th a t P ro te c ts th e C o lu m b ia R iv e r  Re du ce s the Ac tiv e Sit e Fo otp rin t of Cle an up to 75 Sq ua re Mi les (58 6 to 75 )  Sig nif ica ntl y Re du ce s Lo ng -Te rm Mo rtg ag e Co sts  At Co mp let ion , Sh ifts Em ph as is an d Re so urc es to Fu ll Sc ale Cle an up of the Ce ntr al Pla tea u (75 sq ua re mi les )  Re du ce s Co sts by "R igh t Siz ing

  4. Physically consistent simulation of mesoscale chemical kinetics: The non-negative FIS-{alpha} method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dana, Saswati, E-mail: saswatid@rishi.serc.iisc.ernet.in [Supercomputer Education and Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Raha, Soumyendu, E-mail: raha@serc.iisc.ernet.in [Supercomputer Education and Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)

    2011-10-01

    Biochemical pathways involving chemical kinetics in medium concentrations (i.e., at mesoscale) of the reacting molecules can be approximated as chemical Langevin equations (CLE) systems. We address the physically consistent non-negative simulation of the CLE sample paths as well as the issue of non-Lipschitz diffusion coefficients when a species approaches depletion and any stiffness due to faster reactions. The non-negative Fully Implicit Stochastic {alpha} (FIS {alpha}) method in which stopped reaction channels due to depleted reactants are deleted until a reactant concentration rises again, for non-negativity preservation and in which a positive definite Jacobian is maintained to deal with possible stiffness, is proposed and analysed. The method is illustrated with the computation of active Protein Kinase C response in the Protein Kinase C pathway.

  5. User and Performance Impacts from Franklin Upgrades

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, Yun

    2009-05-10

    The NERSC flagship computer Cray XT4 system"Franklin" has gone through three major upgrades: quad core upgrade, CLE 2.1 upgrade, and IO upgrade, during the past year. In this paper, we will discuss the various aspects of the user impacts such as user access, user environment, and user issues etc from these upgrades. The performance impacts on the kernel benchmarks and selected application benchmarks will also be presented.

  6. Goals:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CUG 2009 Proceedings 1 of 8 User and Performance Impacts from Franklin Upgrades Yun (Helen) He National Energy Research Supercomputing Center Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, CA 94720 ABSTRACT: The NERSC flagship computer Cray XT4 system "Franklin" has gone through three major upgrades: quad core upgrade, CLE 2.1 upgrade, and IO upgrade, during the past year. In this paper, we will discuss the various aspects of the user impacts such as user access, user environment, and

  7. Open Issues

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    March 2011 Resolved: some OpenMP flags ignored in PGI C/C++ compiler March 29, 2011 by Helen He Description: OpenMP flags other than -mp=nonuma are ignored with the PGI C and C++ wrapper on Hopper. The PGI Fortran wrapper behaves correctly. Read the full post "gni_pub.h" not found in compilation March 29, 2011 by Helen He Description: After the OS upgrade to CLE3.1UP03, codes using "gni_pub.h" are getting the "gni_pub.h not found" error at compile time. The

  8. Open Issues

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    June 2015 runtime error message: "readControlMsg: System returned error Connection timed out on TCP socket fd" June 30, 2015 Symptom User jobs with sinlge or multiple apruns in a batch script may get this run time error: "readControlMsg: System returned error Connection timed out on TCP socket fd". This problem is intermittent, sometimes resubmit works. This error message started to appear after the Hopper OS upgrade to CLE52UP02 on March 11, 2015.

  9. Open Issues

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Open Issues Open Issues runtime error message: "readControlMsg: System returned error Connection timed out on TCP socket fd" June 30, 2015 Symptom User jobs with sinlge or multiple apruns in a batch script may get this run time error: "readControlMsg: System returned error Connection timed out on TCP socket fd". This problem is intermittent, sometimes resubmit works. This error message started to appear after the Hopper OS upgrade to CLE52UP02 on March 11, 2015. Read the full

  10. WASH-

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    rcc.p,anc. 01 thts arf~cle. tha yubl~rhe, "r ~u~~iunl riknouu~adqnS the U.S. C;ov.rnmmnf' s rayhr (0 retam l nOn*aClulive.roy~ltV (r-0 ltconso In ma IO Dny Copvrlqhl WASH- covrrm~ the wtvdo. ISADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE SEAWAY INDUSTRIAL PARK W . D. Cottrell, R. W . Leggett and H. W . Dickson Health Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 December 1976 CONTENTS l&t of Tab1 es - . . . List of Illustrations . . Abstract . . . . . . Introduction . . . .

  11. Aprun MAN Page

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aprun » Aprun MAN Page Aprun MAN Page aprun [-a arch ] [-b ] [-B] [-cc cpu_list | keyword ] [-cp cpu_placement_file_name ] [-d depth ] [-D value ] [-L node_list ] [-m size[h|hs] ] [-n pes ] [-N pes_per_node ][-F access mode ] [-q ] [-r cores][-S pes_per_numa_node ] [-sl list_of_numa_nodes ] [-sn numa_nodes_per_node ] [-ss ] [-T ] [-t sec ] executable [ arguments_for_executable ] IMPLEMENTATION Cray Linux Environment (CLE) DESCRIPTION To run an application on CNL compute nodes, use the

  12. Tracking tumor boundary in MV-EPID images without implanted markers: A feasibility study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Xiaoyong Homma, Noriyasu; Ichiji, Kei; Takai, Yoshihiro; Yoshizawa, Makoto

    2015-05-15

    Purpose: To develop a markerless tracking algorithm to track the tumor boundary in megavoltage (MV)-electronic portal imaging device (EPID) images for image-guided radiation therapy. Methods: A level set method (LSM)-based algorithm is developed to track tumor boundary in EPID image sequences. Given an EPID image sequence, an initial curve is manually specified in the first frame. Driven by a region-scalable energy fitting function, the initial curve automatically evolves toward the tumor boundary and stops on the desired boundary while the energy function reaches its minimum. For the subsequent frames, the tracking algorithm updates the initial curve by using the tracking result in the previous frame and reuses the LSM to detect the tumor boundary in the subsequent frame so that the tracking processing can be continued without user intervention. The tracking algorithm is tested on three image datasets, including a 4-D phantom EPID image sequence, four digitally deformable phantom image sequences with different noise levels, and four clinical EPID image sequences acquired in lung cancer treatment. The tracking accuracy is evaluated based on two metrics: centroid localization error (CLE) and volume overlap index (VOI) between the tracking result and the ground truth. Results: For the 4-D phantom image sequence, the CLE is 0.23 ± 0.20 mm, and VOI is 95.6% ± 0.2%. For the digital phantom image sequences, the total CLE and VOI are 0.11 ± 0.08 mm and 96.7% ± 0.7%, respectively. In addition, for the clinical EPID image sequences, the proposed algorithm achieves 0.32 ± 0.77 mm in the CLE and 72.1% ± 5.5% in the VOI. These results demonstrate the effectiveness of the authors’ proposed method both in tumor localization and boundary tracking in EPID images. In addition, compared with two existing tracking algorithms, the proposed method achieves a higher accuracy in tumor localization. Conclusions: In this paper, the authors presented a feasibility study of tracking tumor boundary in EPID images by using a LSM-based algorithm. Experimental results conducted on phantom and clinical EPID images demonstrated the effectiveness of the tracking algorithm for visible tumor target. Compared with previous tracking methods, the authors’ algorithm has the potential to improve the tracking accuracy in radiation therapy. In addition, real-time tumor boundary information within the irradiation field will be potentially useful for further applications, such as adaptive beam delivery, dose evaluation.

  13. Geddes_ LPAv3.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    P lasma A ccelerator S imula0on U sing L aser a nd Par0cle B eam D rivers C.G.R. G eddes, L BNL F.S. T sung, U CLA 27 November 2012 Office of Science Office of Science SciDAC-2&3 Compass Approach: plasma wave accelerator structure, laser & particle beam evolution excited by laser or particle beam ! λ p ~100µm at 10 17 /cc Laser or beam Trapped particles L plasma ~ mm-m Approach: plasma wave accelerator structure, laser & particle beam evolution excited by laser or particle beam !

  14. H

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Innova've u se o f H igh P erformance C ompu'ng through t he M odeling o f P ar'cle A ccelerators. J.---L. V ay Lawrence B erkeley N a'onal L aboratory NUG 2 014: N ERSC @ 40 February 3 ---6, 2 014 Physics Applied Math Equa3ons Computer Science Algo--- rithms Codes Science Using physics to influence HPC accelerator modeling Conven'onal w isdom a ssumes serial process for building codes: but r eality i s m uch m ore complex, w / p hysics e ven b eing used t o a lter a lgorithms & c odes. -50

  15. Scientific Achievement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Discovered the reactive Leidenfrost' effect in cellulose & transition temperature (750 °C). Structured materials with engineered macropores (e.g. catalysts) allow for its tunable control. Controlling Biomass Leidenfrost Liftoff and Heat Transfer Work w as p erformed a t t he U niversity o f M innesota b y t he g roup o f Dauenhauer Research Details --- Cellulose par=cles levitate above 750 o C from generated v apor fl ow --- Onset o f p ar=cle l evita=on d rama=cally l owers heat t ransfer

  16. An efficient method for unfolding kinetic pressure driven VISAR data

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mark Harry Hess; Peterson, Kyle; Harvey-Thompson, Adam James

    2015-08-18

    Velocity Interferometer System for Any Reflector (VISAR) [Barker and Hollenbach, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4669 (1972)] is a well-known diagnostic that is employed on many shock physics and pulsed-power experiments. With the VISAR diagnostic, the velocity on the surface of any metal flyer can be found. For most experiments employing VISAR, either a kinetic pressure [Grady, Mech. Mater. 29, 181 (1998)] or a magnetic pressure [Lemke et al., Intl J. Impact Eng. 38, 480 (2011)] drives the motion of the flyer. Moreover, reliable prediction of the time-dependent pressure is often a critical component to understanding the physics of these experiments.more » Although VISAR can provide a precise measurement of a flyer’s surface velocity, the real challenge of this diagnostic implementation is using this velocity to unfold the time-dependent pressure. The purpose of this study is to elucidate a new method for quickly and reliably unfolding VISAR data.« less

  17. LANL: AOT & LANSCE The Pulse April 2011

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Los Alamos National Laboratory * Est. 1943 The Pulse-Newsletter of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center and Accelerator Operations and Technology Division I N S I D E 2 From Alex's Desk 3 lANsCe Former stuDeNt seleCteD to AtteND 61st liNDAu Nobel lAureAtes meetiNg iN germANy experimeNts At the NuCleAr sCieNCe leAD slowiNg-DowN speCtrometer 4 NeutroN sCAtteriNg exAmiNes DyNAmiC properties oF biomembrANes 5 NeutroN sChool will FoCus oN the eNviroNmeNt 6 heADsup! meetiNg plANNiNg serviCes

  18. LANL: AOT & LANSCE The Pulse May 2010

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0 Los Alamos National Laboratory * Est. 1943 The Pulse-Newsletter of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center and Accelerator Operations and Technology Division I N S I D E 2 A nAno look At AmmoniA borAne And hydrogen storAge lujAn Center studies struCturAl mAteriAls for nuCleAr AppliCAtions And highly irrAdiAted steels 3 lAnsCe-ns hosts nAtionAl lAborAtories At fission meAsure- ment meeting 4 unrAveling the mysteries of lipid domAins in bio-membrAnes 5 heAds up! James Rhyne selected to be a

  19. LANL: AOT & LANSCE The Pulse November 2010

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    10 Los Alamos National Laboratory * Est. 1943 The Pulse-Newsletter of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center and Accelerator Operations and Technology Division I N S I D E 2 From Alex's Desk 3 First beAm tests with the time Projection chAmber 4 Discovery oF new Phys- ics in leAD-zirconium- titAnium voltAge bArs 5 los AlAmos lenDs its exPertise to cleAn energy AnD cArbon sequestrAtion Projects 6 electric-FielD moDiFicA- tion oF mAgnetism in A thin Film 7 Aot & lAnsce Division stAFF AwArDeD

  20. MAGNETIC END CLOSURES FOR PLASMA CONFINING AND HEATING DEVICES

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Post, R.F.

    1963-08-20

    More effective magnetic closure field regions for various open-ended containment magnetic fields used in fusion reactor devices are provided by several spaced, coaxially-aligned solenoids utilized to produce a series of nodal field regions of uniform or, preferably, of incrementally increasing intensity separated by lower intensity regions outwardly from the ends of said containment zone. Plasma sources may also be provided to inject plasma into said lower intensity areas to increase plasma density therein. Plasma may then be transported, by plasma diffusion mechanisms provided by the nodal fields, into the containment field. With correlated plasma densities and nodal field spacings approximating the mean free partl cle collision path length in the zones between the nodal fields, optimum closure effectiveness is obtained. (AEC)

  1. Spatially resolving the very high energy emission from MGRO J2019+37 with VERITAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aliu, E.; Errando, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Barnard College, Columbia University, NY 10027 (United States); Aune, T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Behera, B.; Chen, X.; Federici, S. [DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany); Beilicke, M.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V. [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States); Benbow, W.; Cerruti, M. [Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Amado, AZ 85645 (United States); Berger, K. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and the Bartol Research Institute, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States); Bird, R. [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Bouvier, A. [Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics and Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Ciupik, L. [Astronomy Department, Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago, IL 60605 (United States); Connolly, M. P. [School of Physics, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway (Ireland); Cui, W. [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States); Dumm, J. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Dwarkadas, V. V. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Falcone, A., E-mail: ealiu@astro.columbia.edu, E-mail: nahee@uchicago.edu [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Lab, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); and others

    2014-06-10

    We present very high energy (VHE) imaging of MGRO J2019+37 obtained with the VERITAS observatory. The bright extended (?2°) unidentified Milagro source is located toward the rich star formation region Cygnus-X. MGRO J2019+37 is resolved into two VERITAS sources. The faint, point-like source VER J2016+371 overlaps CTB 87, a filled-center remnant (SNR) with no evidence of a supernova remnant shell at the present time. Its spectrum is well fit in the 0.65-10 TeV energy range by a power-law model with photon index 2.3 ± 0.4. VER J2019+378 is a bright extended (?1°) source that likely accounts for the bulk of the Milagro emission and is notably coincident with PSR J2021+3651 and the star formation region Sh 2–104. Its spectrum in the range 1-30 TeV is well fit with a power-law model of photon index 1.75 ± 0.3, among the hardest values measured in the VHE band, comparable to that observed near Vela-X. We explore the unusual spectrum and morphology in the radio and X-ray bands to constrain possible emission mechanisms for this source.

  2. 2014 Well Completion Report for Corrective Action Unit 447 Project Shoal Area Churchill County, Nevada October 2015

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Findlay, Rick

    2015-11-01

    This report summarizes the drilling program conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management at the Project Shoal Area (Shoal) Subsurface Corrective Action Unit 447 in Churchill County, Nevada. Shoal was the location of an underground nuclear test conducted on October 26, 1963, as part of the Vela Uniform program sponsored jointly by the U.S. Department of Defense and the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (a predecessor to DOE). The test consisted of detonating a 12-kiloton nuclear device in granitic rock at a depth of approximately 1,211 feet (ft) below ground surface (bgs) (AEC 1964). The corrective action strategy for the site is focused on revising the site conceptual model and evaluating the adequacy of the monitoring well network at the site. Field activities associated with the project were conducted in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO 1996, as amended) and applicable Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) policies and regulations.

  3. Optimal Conventional and Semi-Natural Treatments for the Upper Yakima Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Project; Treatment Definitions and Descriptions and Biological Specifications for Facility Design, 1995-1999 Final Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hager, Robert C.; Costello, Ronald J.

    1999-10-01

    This report describes the Yakima Fisheries Project facilities (Cle Elum Hatchery and acclimation satellites) which provide the mechanism to conduct state-of-the-art research for addressing questions about spring chinook supplementation strategies. The definition, descriptions, and specifications for the Yakima spring chinook supplementation program permit evaluation of alternative fish culture techniques that should yield improved methods and procedures to produce wild-like fish with higher survival that can be used to rebuild depleted spring chinook stocks of the Columbia River Basin. The definition and description of three experimental treatments, Optimal Conventional (OCT), Semi-Natural (SNT), Limited Semi-Natural (LSNT), and the biological specifications for facilities have been completed for the upper Yakima spring chinook salmon stock of the Yakima Fisheries Project. The task was performed by the Biological Specifications Work Group (BSWG) represented by Yakama Indian Nation, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, National Marine Fisheries Service, and Bonneville Power Administration. The control and experimental variables of the experimental treatments (OCT, SNT, and LSNT) are described in sufficient detail to assure that the fish culture facilities will be designed and operated as a production scale laboratory to produce and test supplemented upper Yakima spring chinook salmon. Product specifications of the treatment groups are proposed to serve as the generic templates for developing greater specificity for measurements of product attributes. These product specifications will be used to monitor and evaluate treatment effects, with respect to the biological response variables (post release survival, long-term fitness, reproductive success and ecological interactions).

  4. Evaluating operating system vulnerability to memory errors.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferreira, Kurt Brian; Bridges, Patrick G.; Pedretti, Kevin Thomas Tauke; Mueller, Frank; Fiala, David; Brightwell, Ronald Brian

    2012-05-01

    Reliability is of great concern to the scalability of extreme-scale systems. Of particular concern are soft errors in main memory, which are a leading cause of failures on current systems and are predicted to be the leading cause on future systems. While great effort has gone into designing algorithms and applications that can continue to make progress in the presence of these errors without restarting, the most critical software running on a node, the operating system (OS), is currently left relatively unprotected. OS resiliency is of particular importance because, though this software typically represents a small footprint of a compute node's physical memory, recent studies show more memory errors in this region of memory than the remainder of the system. In this paper, we investigate the soft error vulnerability of two operating systems used in current and future high-performance computing systems: Kitten, the lightweight kernel developed at Sandia National Laboratories, and CLE, a high-performance Linux-based operating system developed by Cray. For each of these platforms, we outline major structures and subsystems that are vulnerable to soft errors and describe methods that could be used to reconstruct damaged state. Our results show the Kitten lightweight operating system may be an easier target to harden against memory errors due to its smaller memory footprint, largely deterministic state, and simpler system structure.

  5. Observation of 23 supernovae that exploded <300 pc from Earth during the past 300 kyr

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Firestone, R. B.

    2014-07-01

    Four supernovae (SNe), exploding ≤300 pc from Earth, were recorded 44, 37, 32, and 22 kyr ago in the radiocarbon ({sup 14}C) record during the past 50 kyr. Each SN left a nearly identical signature in the record, beginning with an initial sudden increase in atmospheric radiocarbon, when the SN exploded, followed by a hiatus of 1500 yr, and concluding with a sustained 2000 yr increase in global radiocarbon due to γ-rays produced by diffusive shock in the SN remnant (SNR). For the past 18 kyr excess radiocarbon has decayed with the {sup 14}C half-life. SN22kyrBP, is identified as the Vela SN that exploded 250 ± 30 pc from Earth. These SN are confirmed in the {sup 10}Be, {sup 26}Al, {sup 36}Cl, and NO{sub 3}{sup −} geologic records. The rate of near-Earth SNe is consistent with the observed rate of historical SNe giving a galactic rate of 14 ± 3 kyr{sup –1} assuming the Chandra Galactic Catalog SNR distribution. The Earth has been used as a calorimeter to determine that ≈2 × 10{sup 49} erg were released as γ-rays at the time of each SN explosion and ≈10{sup 50} erg in γ-rays following each SN. The background rate of {sup 14}C production by cosmic rays has been determined as 1.61 atoms cm{sup –2} s{sup –1}. Approximately 1/3 of the cosmic ray energy produced by diffusive shock in the SNR was observed to be emitted as high-energy γ-rays. Analysis of the {sup 10}Be/{sup 9}Be ratio in marine sediment identified 19 additional near-Earth SNe that exploded 50-300 kyr ago. Comparison of the radiocarbon record with global temperature variations indicated that each SN explosion is correlated with a concurrent global warming of ≈3°C-4°C.

  6. X-RAY OBSERVATIONS OF THE SUPERNOVA REMNANT CTB 87 (G74.9+1.2): AN EVOLVED PULSAR WIND NEBULA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matheson, H.; Safi-Harb, S.; Kothes, R. E-mail: samar@physics.umanitoba.ca

    2013-09-01

    Pulsar wind nebulae (PWNe) studies with the Chandra X-Ray Observatory have opened a new window to address the physics of pulsar winds, zoom on their interaction with their hosting supernova remnant (SNR) and interstellar medium, and identify their powering engines. We here present a new 70 ks, plus an archived 18 ks, Chandra ACIS observation of the SNR CTB 87 (G74.9+1.2), classified as a PWN with unusual radio properties and poorly studied in X-rays. We find that the peak of the X-ray emission is clearly offset from the peak of the radio emission by {approx}100'' and located at the southeastern edge of the radio nebula. We detect a point source-the putative pulsar-at the peak of the X-ray emission and study its spectrum separately from the PWN. This new point source, CXOU J201609.2+371110, is surrounded by a compact nebula displaying a torus-like structure and possibly a jet. A more extended diffuse nebula is offset from the radio nebula, extending from the point source to the northwest for {approx}250''. The spectra of the point source, compact nebula, and extended diffuse nebula are all well described by a power-law model with a photon index of 1.1 (0.7-1.6), 1.2 (0.9-1.4), and 1.7 (1.5-1.8), respectively, for a column density N{sub H} = 1.38 (1.21-1.57) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 22} cm{sup -2} (90% confidence). The total X-ray luminosity of the source is {approx}1.6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 34} erg s{sup -1} at an assumed distance of 6.1 kpc, with {approx}2% and 6% contribution from the point source and compact nebula, respectively. The observed properties suggest that CTB 87 is an evolved ({approx}5-28 kyr) PWN, with the extended radio emission likely a ''relic'' PWN, as in Vela-X and G327.1-1.1. To date, however, there is no evidence for thermal X-ray emission from this SNR, and the SNR shell is still missing, suggesting expansion into a low-density medium (n{sub 0} < 0.2 D{sup -1/2}{sub 6.1} cm{sup -3}), likely caused by a stellar wind bubble blown by the progenitor star.

  7. Evaluation of Water Quality Conditions Near Proposed Fish Production Sites Associated with the Yakima Fisheries Project, 1991-1993 Final Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dauble, Dennis D.

    1994-05-01

    In 1991, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) began studying water quality at several sites in the Yakima River Basin for the Bonneville Power Administration. These sites were being proposed as locations for fish culture facilities as part of the Yakima Fisheries Project (YFP). Surface water quality parameters near the proposed fish culture facilities are currently suitable for fish production. Water quality conditions in the mainstream Yakima River and its tributaries are generally excellent in the upper part of the watershed (i.e., near Cle Elum), but they are only fair to poor for the river downstream of Union Gap (river mile 107). Water quality of the Naches River near Oak Flats is also suitable for fish production. Groundwater supplies near the proposed fish production facilities typically have elevated concentrations of metals and dissolved gases. These conditions can be mitigated using best engineering practices such as precipitation and degasification. Additionally, mixing with surface water may improve these conditions. Depending on the location and depth of the well, groundwater temperatures may be warmer than optimum for acclimating and holding juvenile and adult fish. Water quality parameters measured in the Yakima River and tributaries sometimes exceed the range of values described as acceptable for culture of salmonids and for the protection of other aquatic life. However, constituent concentrations are within ranges that exist in many northwest fish hatcheries. Additionally, site-specific tests conducted by PNL (i.e., live box exposures and egg incubation studies) indicate that fish can be successfully reared in surface and well water near the proposed facility sites. Thus, there appear to be no constraints to artificial production for the YFP.

  8. Assessment of High Rates of Precocious Male Maturation in a Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Hatchery Program, Annual Report 2002-2003.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larsen, Donald; Beckman, Brian; Cooper, Kathleen

    2003-08-01

    The Yakima River Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Project in Washington State is currently one of the most ambitious efforts to enhance a natural salmon population in the United States. Over the past five years we have conducted research to characterize the developmental physiology of naturally- and hatchery-reared wild progeny spring chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in the Yakima River basin. Fish were sampled at the main hatchery in Cle Elum, at remote acclimation sites and, during smolt migration, at downstream dams. Throughout these studies the maturational state of all fish was characterized using combinations of visual and histological analysis of testes, gonadosomatic index (GSI), and measurement of plasma 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT). We established that a plasma 11-KT threshold of 0.8 ng/ml could be used to designate male fish as either immature or precociously maturing approximately 8 months prior to final maturation (1-2 months prior to release as 'smolts'). Our analyses revealed that 37-49% of the hatchery-reared males from this program undergo precocious maturation at 2 years of age and a proportion of these fish appear to residualize in the upper Yakima River basin throughout the summer. An unnaturally high incidence of precocious male maturation may result in loss of potential returning anadromous adults, skewing of female: male sex ratios, ecological, and genetic impacts on wild populations and other native species. Precocious male maturation is significantly influenced by growth rate at specific times of year and future studies will be conducted to alter maturation rates through seasonal growth rate manipulations.

  9. SU-E-I-80: Beta-Minus Emitting Radiotracers Improves Molecular Endoscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carpenter, C; Ma, X; Sun, C; Pratx, G; Cheng, Z; Xing, L

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Molecular Endoscopy using Cerenkov Luminescence can be used to monitor the distribution of many clinically-available PET and SPECT probes for endoscopic applications. A main limitation of Cerenkov is its limited sensitivity to small concentrations of radiotracer when using light guides s. Herein we demonstrate that the use of a high energy beta emitting radioisotope, exemplified here with 90Y provides superior sensitivity to 18F because of its higher light output and its lack of corresponding gamma emission. Methods: A series of phantom experiments were performed to compare the sensitivity and noise of the CLE system for imaging 90Y and 18F. Three vials of known concentrations of 90Y (0.008 ?Ci, 0.08 ?Ci, 1 ?Ci) were placed in centrifuge tubes and isolated from each other. One vial of 18F (100 ?Ci) was placed in the imaging chamber and imaged over the course of decay (19 hours, 43 minutes, or ?10 half-lives). Image time-points were formed from 5-minute integrations. Results: Using an SNR of 10 to define the noise-floor, the 90Y minimum detectable activity was 0.056 ?Ci. To the contrast, the minimum detectable activity for 18F was 11.63 ?Ci. These data demonstrate a 207-fold improvement in SNR of 90Y compared to 18F, when controlled for activity. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that a pure ?- radionuclide such as 90Y be used is superior to 18F for Cerenkov Endoscopy. Further study is needed to demonstrate its utility in preclinical studies, endoscopic applications, intraoperative, and radiotherapy applications.

  10. La supraconductivité a 100 ans !

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    Il y a 100 ans, le 8 avril 1911, une découverte majeure était réalisée : celle de la supraconductivité. La supraconductivité est la caractéristique qu?ont certains métaux et alliages de perdre toute résistance électrique en dessous d?une température donnée. Cette renversante découverte, réalisée de manière presque fortuite par Kammerlingh Onnes de l?Université de Leyde (Pays-Bas) et son étudiant Gilles Holst, a ouvert un nouveau champ de recherche en physique et de fabuleuses perspectives d?applications technologiques. Du point de vue scientifique, la supraconductivité est en effet l?une des rares manifestations de la physique quantique à l?échelle macroscopique.  Du point de vue des retombées techniques, elle est porteuse d?applications majeures dans le domaine de la santé, des communications et de l?énergie. 100 ans après, les physiciens n?ont toujours pas fini d?explorer ce phénomène et ses applications. Le CERN abrite des applications de la supraconductivité à des échelles inédites. L?accélérateur de particules LHC, avec ses milliers d?aimants supraconducteurs répartis sur 27 kilomètres de circonférence, est en effet la plus grande application mondiale de la supraconductivité. Il ne pourrait exister sans elle.  Le CERN fête donc la découverte de la supraconductivité avec une conférence exceptionnelle donnée par Philippe Lebrun. Au cours de cette conférence, l?expérience historique de Kammerlingh Onnes sera reproduite. Philippe Lebrun racontera l?histoire de cette étonnante découverte, en la replaçant dans le contexte scientifique de l?époque. Il racontera les développements scientifiques et les applications du premier siècle de la supraconductivité. Conférence en français Merci de bien vouloir vous inscrire au : +41 22 767 76 76 ou cern.reception@cern.ch

  11. How consistent are top-down hydrocarbon emissions based on formaldehyde observations from GOME-2 and OMI?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stavrakou, T.; Muller, J. F.; Bauwens, M.; De Smedt, I.; Van Roozendael, M.; De Maziere, M.; Vigouroux, C.; Hendrick, F.; George, M.; Clerbaux, C.; Coheur, P-F; Guenther, Alex B.

    2015-10-26

    The vertical columns of formaldehyde (HCHO) retrieved from two satellite instruments, the Global Ozone Monitoring Instrument-2 (GOME-2) on Metop-A and the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on Aura, are used to constrain global emissions of HCHO precursors from open fires, vegetation and human activities in the year 2010. To this end, the emissions are varied and optimized using the ad-joint model technique in the IMAGESv2 global CTM (chem-ical transport model) on a monthly basis and at the model res-olution. Given the different local overpass times of GOME- 2 (09:30 LT) and OMI (13:30 LT), the simulated diurnal cy-cle of HCHO columns is investigated and evaluated against ground-based optical measurements at seven sites in Europe, China and Africa. The modeled diurnal cycle exhibits large variability, reflecting competition between photochemistry and emission variations, with noon or early afternoon max-ima at remote locations (oceans) and in regions dominated by anthropogenic emissions, late afternoon or evening max-ima over fire scenes, and midday minima in isoprene-rich re-gions. The agreement between simulated and ground-based columns is generally better in summer (with a clear after-noon maximum at mid-latitude sites) than in winter, and the annually averaged ratio of afternoon to morning columns is slightly higher in the model (1.126) than in the ground-based measurements (1.043).The anthropogenic VOC (volatile organic compound) sources are found to be weakly constrained by the inversions on the global scale, mainly owing to their generally minor contribution to the HCHO columns, except over strongly pol-luted regions, like China. The OMI-based inversion yields total flux estimates over China close to the bottom-up inven-tory (24.6 vs. 25.5 TgVOC yr-1 in the a priori) with, how-ever, pronounced increases in the northeast of China and re-ductions in the south. Lower fluxes are estimated based on GOME-2 HCHO columns (20.6 TgVOC yr-1), in particular over the northeast, likely reflecting mismatches between the observed and the modeled diurnal cycle in this region.