Sample records for gotaverken ht hitachi

  1. Hitachi Reseach Laboratory Hitachi Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergyFarms AHefei SungrowHelukabel GmbHHigherHitachi

  2. Hitachi Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergyFarms AHefei SungrowHelukabel GmbHHigherHitachi Ltd

  3. CFN | Hitachi HD2700C Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hitachi HD2700C Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope Contacts: Dong Su | Lihua Zhang | Huolin Xin The Hitachi 2700C is a dedicated Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope...

  4. Hitachi Research Institute | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEIHesperia, California: Energy ResourcesNewHirschfeldHitachi Research

  5. Preliminary performance of HT datalink

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Cieslewski, Grzegorz

    Preliminary performance of HT HS datalink at room temperature over 5000ft of wireline. The data shows ablility of the datalink to adapt by decreasing speed.

  6. Preliminary performance of HT datalink

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cieslewski, Grzegorz

    2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Preliminary performance of HT HS datalink at room temperature over 5000ft of wireline. The data shows ablility of the datalink to adapt by decreasing speed.

  7. Fielding of HT-seismic Tools and Evaluation of HT-FPGA Module...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fielding of HT-seismic Tools and Evaluation of HT-FPGA Module - Development of a HT-seismic Tool; 2010 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report Fielding of HT-seismic Tools...

  8. Fielding of HT-seismic Tools and Evaluation of HT-FPGA Module...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    4.4.6 Fielding of HT-seismic Tools and Evaluation of HT-FPGA Module - Development of a HT-seismic Tool Presentation Number: 020 Investigator: Henfling, John (Sandia National...

  9. Development of a HT Seismic Tool

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The program objective is to design; fabricate and field test two high temperature (HT) seismic tools in an EGS application.

  10. Dielectric strength of parylene HT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diaham, S., E-mail: sombel.diaham@laplace.univ-tlse.fr; Bechara, M.; Locatelli, M.-L.; Khazaka, R. [Université de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, LAPLACE, 118 route de Narbonne-Bât. 3R3, F-31062 Toulouse Cedex 9 (France); CNRS, LAPLACE, F-31062 Toulouse (France); Tenailleau, C. [Université de Toulouse, UPS, Laboratoire CIRIMAT/LCMIE, 118 route de Narbonne-Bât. 2R1, F-31062 Toulouse Cedex 9 (France); Kumar, R. [Speciality Coating Systems, Inc. (SCS), Cookson Electronics, 7645 Woodland Drive, Indianapolis, Indiana 46278 (United States)

    2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The dielectric strength of parylene HT (PA-HT) films was studied at room temperature in a wide thickness range from 500?nm to 50??m and was correlated with nano- and microstructure analyses. X-ray diffraction and polarized optical microscopy have revealed an enhancement of crystallization and spherulites development, respectively, with increasing the material thickness (d). Moreover, a critical thickness d{sub C} (between 5 and 10??m) is identified corresponding to the beginning of spherulite developments in the films. Two distinct behaviors of the dielectric strength (F{sub B}) appear in the thickness range. For d???d{sub C}, PA-HT films exhibit a decrease in the breakdown field following a negative slope (F{sub B}???d{sup ?0.4}), while for d?HT films with increasing the thickness is proposed. The decrease in F{sub B} above d{sub C} is explained by the spherulites development, whereas its increase below d{sub C} is induced by the crystallites growth. An annealing of the material shows both an enhancement of F{sub B} and an increase of the crystallites and spherulites dimensions, whatever the thickness. The breakdown field becomes thickness-independent below d{sub C} showing a strong influence of the nano-scale structural parameters. On the contrary, both nano- and micro-scale structural parameters appear as influent on F{sub B} for d???d{sub C}.

  11. Hydrostatic compaction of Microtherm HT.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Broome, Scott Thomas; Bauer, Stephen J.

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two samples of jacketed Microtherm{reg_sign}HT were hydrostatically pressurized to maximum pressures of 29,000 psi to evaluate both pressure-volume response and change in bulk modulus as a function of density. During testing, each of the two samples exhibited large irreversible compactive volumetric strains with only small increases in pressure; however at volumetric strains of approximately 50%, the Microtherm{reg_sign}HT stiffened noticeably at ever increasing rates. At the maximum pressure of 29,000 psi, the volumetric strains for both samples were approximately 70%. Bulk modulus, as determined from hydrostatic unload/reload loops, increased by more than two-orders of magnitude (from about 4500 psi to over 500,000 psi) from an initial material density of {approx}0.3 g/cc to a final density of {approx}1.1 g/cc. An empirical fit to the density vs. bulk modulus data is K = 492769{rho}{sup 4.6548}, where K is the bulk modulus in psi, and {rho} is the material density in g/cm{sup 3}. The porosity decreased from 88% to {approx}20% indicating that much higher pressures would be required to compact the material fully.

  12. HT Combinatorial Screening of Novel Materials for High Capacity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    HT Combinatorial Screening of Novel Materials for High Capacity Hydrogen Storage HT Combinatorial Screening of Novel Materials for High Capacity Hydrogen Storage Presentation for...

  13. Analysis on the energy efficiency of variable-frequency air conditioners (Hitachi models as an example) Jim Jr-Min Lin 2014.09.26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Analysis on the energy efficiency of variable-frequency air conditioners (Hitachi models (Max) Energy Efficiency @min load Energy Efficiency @Max load kW kW kW kW W/W W/W RAS-22NB 1.00 3.20 0 Efficiency @min load Energy Efficiency @Max load kW kW kW kW W/W W/W RAM-5FNS(B) - 12.5 - 2.91 - 4.3 RAM-6FNS

  14. Tama Home Co., Ltd. Hitachi Systems, Ltd. Hankyu Travel International Co., Ltd. Yamazaki Baking Co., Ltd. Daikin Industries, Ltd. Nippon Telegraph And Telephone West Corp. Noevir Co., Ltd. Itochu Corp. Nara Women's University Toray Industries, Inc. Murata

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    Tama Home Co., Ltd. Hitachi Systems, Ltd. Hankyu Travel International Co., Ltd. Yamazaki Baking Co., Ltd. Daikin Industries, Ltd. Nippon Telegraph And Telephone West Corp. Noevir Co., Ltd. Itochu Corp. Nara Women's University Toray Industries, Inc. Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Toyo Corp

  15. antidepressants 5-ht1a 5-ht2a: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    antagonists, which when labeled with carbon-11 (b with positron emission tomogra- phy (PET). In a search for new 5-HT1A antagonists with different pharmacokinetic than 1. On the...

  16. Bio-Gel HT Bio-Gel HTP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebendiker, Mario

    Bio-Gel® HT Bio-Gel HTP DNA Grade Bio-Gel HTP Hydroxyapatite Instruction Manual #12;Table of Contents Section 1 Properties of Bio-Gel HT, HTP, and DNA Grade HTP Hydroxyapatite......... 1 1.1 Bio-Gel HT Fully Hydrated Hydroxyapatite .... 3 1.2 Bio-Gel HTP Powder

  17. Impact fracture behavior of HT9 duct

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, F.H. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Gelles, D.S. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ferritic alloys are known to undergo a ductile-brittle transition as the test temperature is decreased. This inherent problem has limited their applications to reactor component materials subjected to low neutron exposures. However, the excellent resistance to void swelling exhibited by these alloys has led to choosing the materials as candidate materials for fast and fusion reactor applications. Despite the ductile-brittle transition problem, results show that the materials exhibit superior resistance to fracture under very high neutron fluences at irradiation temperatures above 380{degrees}C. Impact testing on FFTF duct sections of HT9 indicates that HT9 ducts have adequate fracture toughness at much higher temperatures for handling operations at room temperature and refueling operations.

  18. Proceedings of HT2005 2005 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguilar, Guillermo

    Proceedings of HT2005 2005 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference July 17-22, 2005, San Francisco absorption and increasing the thickness of the protected region. A 2D finite volume numerical code based interface location density (kg m-3 ) 1 Copyright © 2005 by ASME Proceedings of HT2005 2005 ASME Summer Heat

  19. Proceedings of HT'03 2003 Summer Heat Transfer Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, D. Greg

    Proceedings of HT'03 2003 Summer Heat Transfer Conference July 21­23, 2003, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA HT2003-47016 A NEW TECHNIQUE FOR HEAT FLUX DETERMINATION D.G. Walker Department of Mechanical@vt.edu ABSTRACT A new method for estimating heat fluxes from heating rate measurements and an approach to measure

  20. Irradiation Embritlement in Alloy HT-­9

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Serrano De Caro, Magdalena [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    HT-9 steel is a candidate structural and cladding material for high temperature lead-bismuth cooled fast reactors. In typical advanced fast reactor designs fuel elements will be irradiated for an extended period of time, reaching up to 5-7 years. Significant displacement damage accumulation in the steel is expected (> 200 dpa) when exposed to dpa-rates of 20-30 dpa{sub Fe}/y and high fast flux (E > 0.1 MeV) {approx}4 x 10{sup 15} n/cm{sup 2}s. Core temperatures could reach 400-560 C, with coolant temperatures at the inlet as low as 250 C, depending on the reactor design. Mechanical behavior in the presence of an intense fast flux and high dose is a concern. In particular, low temperature operation could be limited by irradiation embrittlement. Creep and corrosion effects in liquid metal coolants could set a limit to the upper operating temperature. In this report, we focus on the low temperature operating window limit and describe HT-9 embrittlement experimental findings reported in the literature that could provide supporting information to facilitate the consideration of a Code Case on irradiation effects for this class of steels in fast reactor environments. HT-9 has an extensive database available on irradiation performance, which makes it the best choice as a possible near-term candidate for clad, and ducts in future fast reactors. Still, as it is shown in this report, embrittlement data for very low irradiation temperatures (< 200 C) and very high radiation exposure (> 150 dpa) is scarce. Experimental findings indicate a saturation of DBTT shifts as a function of dose, which could allow for long lifetime cladding operation. However, a strong increase in DBTT shift with decreasing irradiation temperature could compromise operation at low service temperatures. Development of a deep understanding of the physics involved in the radiation damage mechanisms, together with multiscale computer simulation models of irradiation embrittlement will provide the basis to derive trendlines and quantitative engineering predictions.

  1. Introduction of Hitachi August 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Systems Information & TelecomInformation & Telecom SystemsSystems Digital Media &Digital Media & Consumer Products

  2. HT-PEM Fuel Cell System with Integrated Thermoelectric Exhaust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berning, Torsten

    submitted to the Faculty of Engineering and Science at Aalborg University in partial fulfillment submitted for assessment in partial fulfilment of the PhD degree. The scientific #12;papers are not included the efficiency and the load- following capability of a high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane (HT- PEM

  3. Proceedings of HT2005 2005 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguilar, Guillermo

    used phase Doppler particle analysis to assess the effect of a wire mesh on the diameter and velocity, California, USA HT2005-72582 EFFECTS OF A WIRE MESH ON DROPLET SIZE AND VELOCITY DISTRIBUTIONS OF CRYOGENIC, the larger the loss in velocity. As a consequence, the radial velocity profile is more uniform relative

  4. HT.sub.m4 methods of treatment and assays, agonists and antagonists

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lim, Bing (Dorchester, MA); Adra, Chaker N. (Boston, MA); Lelias, Jean-Michel (Columbus, OH)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention relates to a recombinant DNA molecule which encodes a HT.sub.m4 protein, a transformed host cell which has been stably transfected with a DNA molecule which encodes a HT.sub.m4 protein and a recombinant HT.sub.m4 protein. The invention also relates to a method for detecting the presence of a hereditary atopy.

  5. Proceedings of HT 2007 2007 ASME-JSME Thermal Engineering Summer Heat Transfer Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, D. Greg

    Proceedings of HT 2007 2007 ASME-JSME Thermal Engineering Summer Heat Transfer Conference July 8­12, 2007, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada HT2007-1520 MOLECULAR DYNAMICS SIMULATION OF THERMAL Engineering Vanderbilt University Nashville, TN USA, 37235 ABSTRACT The effectiveness of a thermoelectric

  6. Proceedings of HT2007 2007 ASME-JSME Thermal Engineering Summer Heat Transfer Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghajar, Afshin J.

    Proceedings of HT2007 2007 ASME-JSME Thermal Engineering Summer Heat Transfer Conference July 8-12, 2007, Vancouver, British Columbia, CANADA HT2007-32219 VALIDATION OF A GENERAL HEAT TRANSFER, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA E-mail: ghajar@ceat.okstate.edu ABSTRACT A general heat transfer correlation

  7. Suppression MHD instabilities by IBW heating in HT-7 Tokamak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. M. Qin; Y. P. Zhao; X. J. Zhang; P. Xu; Y. Yang; the HT-7 team

    2010-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In HT-7 tokamak, the m= 2/1 tearing mode can be effectively suppressed by the ion bernstein wave (IBW) when the location of power deposition is near the q=2 rational surface. Off-axis electron heating and greatly increase of electron density was observed, in the meantime, the particle confinement appears to be improved with the increased of the central line averaged electron density and the drop of Da emission. Induced large ne gradients and pressures were spatially correlated with the IBW deposition profile by theoretical calculation >. It is suggested that off-axis IBW heating modifies the electron pressure profile, and so the current density profile could be redistributed resulting in the suppression of the magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) instability. It provides an integrated way for making combined effects on both the stabilization of tearing modes and controlling of pressure profile.

  8. Variational calculations of the HT{sup +} rovibrational energies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bekbaev, A. K. [Al Farabi Kazakh National University, 050012 Almaty (Kazakhstan); Korobov, V. I. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Dineykhan, M. [Al Farabi Kazakh National University, 050012 Almaty (Kazakhstan); Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this Brief Report, we use the exponential explicitly correlated variational basis set of the type exp(-{alpha}{sub n}R-{beta}{sub n}r{sub 1}-{gamma}{sub n}r{sub 2}) to calculate systematically the nonrelativistic bound-state energies for the hydrogen molecular ion HT{sup +}. We perform calculations for the states of the total orbital angular momentum L=0 and 1 with the complete set of vibrational quantum numbers v= 0-23, as well as for the states of L= 2-5 and v= 0-5. The E1 dipole transition moments, which are of importance for the planning of spectroscopic laser experiments, have been obtained as well.

  9. Hitachi High Technologies Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergyFarms AHefei SungrowHelukabel GmbHHigher

  10. Hitachi Electric Vehicle Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEIHesperia, California: Energy ResourcesNewHirschfeld

  11. GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°, -86.0529604°Wisconsin:FyreStorm Inc JumpGAD (SmartCICGE

  12. Short-Term Oxidation Studies on Nicrofer- 6025HT in Air at Elevated...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on the use of solid state mixed ionic and electronic conductors. Nicrofer-6025HT, a nickel-based alloy, has been identified as a potential manifold material to transport the hot...

  13. 1 Copyright 2004 by ASME Proceedings of HT-FED2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bou-Zeid, Elie

    1 Copyright © 2004 by ASME Proceedings of HT-FED2004: 2004 ASME Heat Transfer/Fluids Engineering due to the rise in computing power and the improvement in sub-grid scale (SGS) parameterizations

  14. Extrapolation of Fracture Toughness Data for HT9 Irradiated at Temperatures 360-390°C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kurtz, Richard J.; Gelles, David S.

    2004-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this task is to provide estimated HT9 cladding and duct fracture toughness values for test (or application) temperatures ranging from -10°C to 200°C, after irradiation at temperatures of 360-390°C. This is expected to be an extrapolation of the limited data presented by Huang[1, 2]. This extrapolation is based on currently accepted methods (ASTM 2003 Standard E 1921-02), and other relevant fracture toughness data on irradiated HT9 or similar alloys.

  15. Compositions and methods related to serotonin 5-HT1A receptors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mukherjee, Jogeshwar; Saigal, Neil; Saigal leg, Harsh

    2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Contemplated substituted arylpiperazinyl compounds, and most preferably 18F-Mefway, exhibit desirable in vitro and in vivo binding characteristics to the 5-HT1A receptor. Among other advantageous parameters, contemplated compounds retain high binding affinity, display optimal lipophilicity, and are radiolabeled efficiently with 18F-fluorine in a single step. Still further, contemplated compounds exhibit high target to non-target ratios in receptor-rich regions both in vitro and in vivo, and selected compounds can be effectively and sensitively displaced by serotonin, thus providing a quantitative tool for measuring 5-HT1A receptors and serotonin concentration changes in the living brain.

  16. Compositions and methods related to serotonin 5-HT1A receptors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mukherjee, Jogeshwar; Saigal, Neil

    2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Contemplated substituted arylpiperazinyl compounds, and most preferably 18F-Mefway, exhibit desirable in vitro and in vivo binding characteristics to the 5-HT1A receptor. Among other advantageous parameters, contemplated compounds retain high binding affinity, display optimal lipophilicity, and are radiolabeled efficiently with 18F-fluorine in a single step. Still further, contemplated compounds exhibit high target to non-target ratios in receptor-rich regions both in vitro and in vivo, and selected compounds can be effectively and sensitively displaced by serotonin, thus providing a quantitative tool for measuring 5-HT1A receptors and serotonin concentration changes in the living brain.

  17. Ternary behavior and systematic nanoscale manipulation of domain structures in P3HT/PCBM/P3HT-b-PEO films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Jihua [ORNL; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Messman, Jamie M [ORNL; Pickel, Deanna L [ORNL; Xiao, Kai [ORNL; Dadmun, Mark D [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Rondinone, Adam Justin [ORNL; Yu, Xiang [ORNL; Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL; Kilbey, II, S Michael [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanophase separation plays a critical role in the performance of donor acceptor based organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices. Although post-fabrication annealing is often used to enhance OPV efficiency, the ability to exert precise control over phase separated domains and connectivity remains elusive. In this work, we use a diblock copolymer to systematically manipulate the domain sizes of an organic solar cell active layer at the nanoscale. More specifically, a poly(3-hexylthiophene)-bpoly( ethylene oxide) (P3HT-b-PEO) diblock copolymer with a low polydispersity index (PDI 1.3) is added to a binary blend of P3HT and 6,6-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) at different concentrations (0 20 wt%). Energy-filtered TEM (EFTEM) results suggest systematic changes of P3HT distribution as a function of block copolymer compatibilizer concentration and thermal annealing. X-ray scattering and microscopy techniques are used to show that prior to annealing, active layer domain sizes do not change substantially as compatibilizer is added; however after thermal annealing, the domain sizes are significantly reduced as the amount of P3HT-b-PEO compatibilizer increases. The impact of compatibilizer is further rationalized through quantum density functional theory calculations. Overall, this work demonstrates the possibility of block copolymers to systematically manipulate the nanoscale domain-structure of blends used for organic photovoltaic devices. If coupled with efficient charge transport and collection (through judicious choice of block copolymer type and composition), this approach may contribute to further optimization of OPV devices.

  18. Ternary behavior and systematic nanoscale manipulation of domain structures in P3HT/PCBM/P3HT-b-PEO films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Jihua [ORNL] [ORNL; Yu, Xiang [ORNL] [ORNL; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL] [ORNL; Messman, Jamie M [ORNL] [ORNL; Pickel, Deanna L [ORNL] [ORNL; Xiao, Kai [ORNL] [ORNL; Dadmun, Mark D [ORNL] [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL] [ORNL; Rondinone, Adam Justin [ORNL; Sumpter, Bobby [ORNL] [ORNL; Kilbey, II, S Michael [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanophase separation plays a critical role in the performance of donor-acceptor based organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices. Although post-fabrication annealing is often used to enhance OPV efficiency, the ability to exert precise control over phase separated domains and connectivity remains elusive. In this work, we use a diblock copolymer to systematically manipulate the domain sizes of an organic solar cell active layer at the nanoscale. More specifically, a poly(3-hexylthiophene)-b-poly(ethylene oxide) (P3HT-b-PEO) diblock copolymer with a low polydispersity index (PDI = 1.3) is added to a binary blend of P3HT and 6,6-phenyl C{sub 61}-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) at different concentrations (0-20 wt%). Energy-filtered TEM (EFTEM) results suggest systematic changes of P3HT distribution as a function of block copolymer compatibilizer concentration and thermal annealing. X-ray scattering and microscopy techniques are used to show that prior to annealing, active layer domain sizes do not change substantially as compatibilizer is added; however after thermal annealing, the domain sizes are significantly reduced as the amount of P3HT-b-PEO compatibilizer increases. The impact of compatibilizer is further rationalized through quantum density functional theory calculations. Overall, this work demonstrates the possibility of block copolymers to systematically manipulate the nanoscale domain-structure of blends used for organic photovoltaic devices. If coupled with efficient charge transport and collection (through judicious choice of block copolymer type and composition), this approach may contribute to further optimization of OPV devices.

  19. Proceedings of HT2007 2007 ASME-JSME Thermal Engineering Summer Heat Transfer Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    Proceedings of HT2007 2007 ASME-JSME Thermal Engineering Summer Heat Transfer Conference July 8-BALLISTIC PHONON TRANSPORT IN A CARBON NANOTUBE Junichiro Shiomi Department of Mechanical Engineering Engineering The University of Tokyo 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8656, Japan ABSTRACT We report a non

  20. Technical Paper by T.D. Stark and H.T. Eid SHEAR BEHAVIOR OF REINFORCED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technical Paper by T.D. Stark and H.T. Eid SHEAR BEHAVIOR OF REINFORCED GEOSYNTHETIC CLAY LINERS strength between a geomembrane and a reinforced geosynthetic clay liner (GeL), and the internal shear: Geosynthetic clay liner, Strength, Stability, Slope, Shearbox test, Shear rate, Ring shear test. AUTHORS: T

  1. PET Imaging of Brain 5-HT1A Receptors in Rat In Vivo with 18F-FCWAY and Improvement by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Jun

    PET Imaging of Brain 5-HT1A Receptors in Rat In Vivo with 18F-FCWAY and Improvement by Successful)cyclohexanecarboxamide) is useful in clinical research with PET for measuring serotonin 1A (5-HT1A) re- ceptor densities in brain applicability to measuring brain regional 5-HT1A receptor densities. Methods: PET of rat head after

  2. The binding characteristics and orientation of a novel radioligand with distinct properties at 5-HT3A and 5-HT3AB receptors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Andrew J.; Verheij, Mark H. P.; Verbeek, Joost; Windhorst, Albert D.; de Esch, Iwan J. P.; Lummis, Sarah C. R.

    2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    constant (koff). kon can also be calculated as described by Hill (Hill, 1909), where koff is predetermined from radioligand dissociation rate experiments. on off k kK ?d koff kon   y = Bmin + Bmax - Bmin1+10[L ]- log IC50 7 (Equ. 5) 2... , Dougherty DA (2002). Cation-pi Interactions in Ligand Recognition by Serotonergic (5-HT3A) and Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors: The Anomalous Binding Properties of Nicotine. Biochemistry 41: 10262-10269. Billen B, Spurny R, Brams M, van Elk R, Valera...

  3. Gap Analysis of Material Properties Data for Ferritic/Martensitic HT-9 Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Neil R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Serrano De Caro, Magdalena [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rodriguez, Edward A. [Global Nuclear Network Analysis, LLC

    2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), is supporting the development of an ASME Code Case for adoption of 12Cr-1Mo-VW ferritic/martensitic (F/M) steel, commonly known as HT-9, primarily for use in elevated temperature design of liquid-metal fast reactors (LMFR) and components. In 2011, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) nuclear engineering staff began assisting in the development of a small modular reactor (SMR) design concept, previously known as the Hyperion Module, now called the Gen4 Module. LANL staff immediately proposed HT-9 for the reactor vessel and components, as well as fuel clad and ducting, due to its superior thermal qualities. Although the ASME material Code Case, for adoption of HT-9 as an approved elevated temperature material for LMFR service, is the ultimate goal of this project, there are several key deliverables that must first be successfully accomplished. The most important key deliverable is the research, accumulation, and documentation of specific material parameters; physical, mechanical, and environmental, which becomes the basis for an ASME Code Case. Time-independent tensile and ductility data and time-dependent creep and creep-rupture behavior are some of the material properties required for a successful ASME Code case. Although this report provides a cursory review of the available data, a much more comprehensive study of open-source data would be necessary. This report serves three purposes: (a) provides a list of already existing material data information that could ultimately be made available to the ASME Code, (b) determines the HT-9 material properties data missing from available sources that would be required and (c) estimates the necessary material testing required to close the gap. Ultimately, the gap analysis demonstrates that certain material properties testing will be required to fulfill the necessary information package for an ASME Code Case.

  4. Dwarf Nova-like Outburst of Short Period Intermediate Polar HT Camelopardalis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryoko Ishioka; Taichi Kato; Makoto Uemura; Gary W. Billings; Koichi Morikawa; Ken'ichi Torii; Kenji Tanabe; Arto Oksanen; Harri Hyvonen; Hitoshi Itoh

    2002-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the first time-series observations of the short outburst of the proposed intermediate polar HT Cam (=RX J0757.0+6306). On 2001 December 29, we detected the object was undergoing a bright outburst at the magnitude of $m_{vis}=12.2$. Following this detection, we started international joint observations through VSNET. The light curve showed a gradual decline for the first 0.5 d. Following this short plateau phase, the rate of decline dramatically increased to more than 4 mag d$^{-1}$. Within 1.5 d from the outburst detection, the object almost declined to the quiescent level. During the rapidly declining phase, long-term modulations with a period of 86 min and strong pulses with a period of 8.6 min were observed. We concluded that 86 min and 8.6 min are the orbital period and the spin period of HT Cam, respectively. By the detection of the spin period, we confirmed the IP classification of HT Cam. However, its outburst behavior rather resembles that of dwarf novae. The discrepancy between the declining rates of the total flux and the pulse flux strongly suggests that the disk instabilities were taking place during the outburst.

  5. Temperature dependence of fracture toughness in HT9 steel neutron-irradiated up to 145 dpa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baek, Jong-Hyuk [KAERI] [KAERI; Byun, Thak Sang [ORNL] [ORNL; Maloy, S [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Toloczko, M [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The temperature dependence of fracture toughness in HT9 steel irradiated to high doses was investigated using miniature three-point bend (TPB) fracture specimens. These specimens were from the ACO-3 fuel duct wall of the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF), in which irradiation doses were in the range of 3.2 144.8 dpa and irradiation temperatures in the range of 380.4 502.6 oC. A miniature specimen reuse technique has been established for this investigation: the specimens used were the tested halves of miniature Charpy impact specimens (~13 3 4 mm) with diamond-saw cut in the middle. The fatigue precracking for specimens and fracture resistance (J-R) tests were carried out in a MTS servo-hydraulic testing machine with a vacuum furnace following the standard procedure described in the ASTM Standard E 1820-09. For each of five irradiated and one archive conditions, 7 to 9 J-R tests were performed at selected temperatures ranging from 22 C to 600 C. The fracture toughness of the irradiated HT9 steel was strongly dependent on irradiation temperatures rather than irradiation dose. When the irradiation temperature was below about 430 C, the fracture toughness of irradiated HT9 increased with test temperature, reached an upper shelf of 180 200 MPa m at 350 450 C and then decreased with test temperature. When the irradiation temperature 430 C, the fracture toughness was nearly unchanged until about 450 C and decreased with test temperature in higher temperature range. Similar test temperature dependence was observed for the archive material although the highest toughness values are lower after irradiation. Ductile stable crack growth occurred except for a few cases where both the irradiation temperature and test temperature are relatively low.

  6. Thermal annealing study on P3HT: PCBM based bulk heterojunction organic solar cells using impedance spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gollu, Sankara Rao, E-mail: sankar.gollu@gmail.com [Plastic Electronics and Energy Lab (PEEL), Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Material Science, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai-400076 (India); Sharma, Ramakant, E-mail: diptig@iitb.ac.in; G, Srinivas, E-mail: diptig@iitb.ac.in; Gupta, Dipti, E-mail: diptig@iitb.ac.in [Plastic Electronics and Energy Lab (PEEL) Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Material Science, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai-400076 (India)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, Thermal annealing is an important process for bulk heterojunction organic solar cells (BHJ OSCs) to improve the device efficiency and performance of the organic solar cells. Here in, we have examined the changes in the efficiency and morphology of P3HT: PCBM film according to the thermal annealing temperature to find the changes during the annealing process by measuring the optical absorption, atomic force microscope and X-ray diffraction. We also investigated the effect of different annealing process conditions (without, pre- and post-annealing) on the device performance of the inverted bulk heterojunction organic solar cells consist the structure of ITO/ ZnO / P3HT: PCBM / MoO{sub 3}/ Al by measuring AC impedance characteristics. Particularly, the power conversion efficiency (PCE), crystalline nature of the polymer, light absorption and the surface smoothness of P3HT: PCBM films are significantly improved after the annealing process. These results indicated the improvement in terms of PCE, interface smoothness between the P3HT: PCBM and MoO{sub 3} layers of the post annealed device originated from the decrease of series resistance between P3HT: PCBM layer and Al electrodes, which could be due to decrease in the effective life time of charge carriers.

  7. First Principles Study of Photo-oxidation Degradation Mechanisms in P3HT for Organic Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Na Sai; Kevin Leung; Judit Zádor; Graeme Henkelman

    2014-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a theoretical study of degradation mechanisms for photoinduced oxidation in organic polymers in the condensed phase, using poly(3-hexylthiophene)(P3HT) as an example. Applying density functional theory with a hybrid density functional and periodic boundary conditions that account for steric effects and permit the modeling of interchain chemical reactions, we investigate reaction pathways that may lead to the oxidation of thiophene backbone as a critical step toward disrupting the polymer conjugation. We calculate energy barriers for reactions of the P3HT backbone with oxidizing agents including hydroxyl radical (OH$\\cdot$), hydroperoxide (ROOH), and peroxyl radical (ROO$\\cdot$), following a UV-driven radical reaction starting at the $\\alpha$-carbon of the alkyl side chain as suggested by infrared (IR) and X-ray photoemission (XPS) spectrosocopy studies. The results strongly suggest that an attack of OH$\\cdot$ on sulfur in P3HT is unlikely to be thermodynamically favored. On the other hand, an attack of a peroxyl radical on the side chain on the P3HT backbone may provide low barrier reaction pathways to photodegradation of P3HT and other polymers with side chains. The condensed phase setting is found to qualitatively affect predictions of degradation processes.

  8. Extrapolation of Fracture Toughness Data for HT9 Irradiated at 360-390°C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gelles, David S.; Kurtz, Richard J.

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Following irradiation in the FFTF-AC01 test at 360°C to 5.5 x 1022 n/cm2, two HT9 samples tested at 30°C were measured to have fracture toughness levels of 28.2 and 31.9 MPa m1/2, respectively, whereas a third identical specimen tested at 205°C gave 126 MPa m1/2. Based on testing of notched tensile specimens from the same irradiation test, the low toughness was a result of brittle fracture. A similar low level of toughness has also been demonstrated in HT9 following irradiation at 250°C and therefore such behavior is reproducible. Using ASTM Standard E1921-02, which characterizes the fracture toughness of ferritic steels that experience onset of cleavage cracking at instabilities, it is shown that these data can be analyzed by a Master Curve approach, and that the trend of the fracture toughness over a wider range of temperatures can be estimated. Master Curve analysis demonstrates that toughness will remain low over a wide range of temperatures near 30°C, but will degrade only slightly when temperatures drop to –10°C.

  9. Photo-response of a P3HT:PCBM blend in metal-insulator-semiconductor capacitors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Devynck, M.; Rostirolla, B.; Watson, C. P.; Taylor, D. M., E-mail: d.m.taylor@bangor.ac.uk [School of Electronic Engineering, Bangor University, Dean Street, Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 1UT (United Kingdom)

    2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Metal-insulator-semiconductor capacitors are investigated, in which the insulator is cross-linked polyvinylphenol and the active layer a blend of poly(3-hexylthiophene), P3HT, and the electron acceptor [6,6]-phenyl-C{sub 61}-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM). Admittance spectra and capacitance-voltage measurements obtained in the dark both display similar behaviour to those previously observed in P3HT-only devices. However, the photo-capacitance response is significantly enhanced in the P3HT:PCBM case, where exciton dissociation leads to electron transfer into the PCBM component. The results are consistent with a network of PCBM aggregates that is continuous through the film but with no lateral interconnection between the aggregates at or near the blend/insulator interface.

  10. The design, synthesis and evaluation of tetra-substituted pyr-idines as potent 5-HT2C receptor agonists

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rouquet, Guy; Moore, Dianna E.; Spain, Malcolm; Allwood, Daniel M.; Battilocchio, Claudio; Blakemore, David C.; Fish, Paul V.; Jenkinson, Stephen; Jessiman, Alan S.; Ley, Steven V.; McMurray, Gordon; Storer, R. Ian

    2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    and phentermine/topiramate. Ann. Pharmacother. 2013, 47, 1007-1016. (6) Monck, N. J. T.; Kennett, G. A. 5-HT2C ligands: recent progress. Prog. Med. Chem. 2008, 46, 281-390. (7) Yang, H. Y.; Tae, J.; Seo, Y. W.; Kim, Y. J.; Im, H. Y.; Choi, G. D.; Cho, H...

  11. arl hitachi hatoyama: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: , and thermal using an accelerometer, microphone, and passive infrared (PIR) transducers respectively. The objective of multi-modal sensing is to increase...

  12. Lab White Paper Hitachi Unified Compute Platform (UCP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Surajit

    Architectures for Private Clouds By Kerry Dolan, Lab Analyst February 2014 This ESG Lab White Paper Reference Architecture for Private Clouds 2 © 2014 by The Enterprise Strategy Group, Inc. All Rights? ....................................................................................................................... 4 Microsoft Private Cloud Fast Track

  13. Nanoimprinted P3HT/C60 solar cells optimized by oblique deposition of C60 Department of Physics, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas 75083

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Wenchuang "Walter"

    December 2010 Poly 3-hexylthiophene P3HT -C60 organic photovoltaic devices with interpenetrating donor the morpho- logical degradation observed by others.8 For the nanoim- printed solar cells to obtain high

  14. Novel Role of the JAK-STAT Pathway in Mediating the Effects of Atypical Antipsychotics on 5-HT2A Receptor Signaling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Rakesh K.

    2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The therapeutic benefits of atypical antipsychotics are proposed to be mediated by antagonism and subsequent desensitization of 5-HT2A receptor signaling; however, the mechanisms underlying this desensitization response ...

  15. Activation of the JAK-STAT pathway is necessary for desensitization of 5-HT2A receptor-stimulated phospholipase C signalling by olanzapine, clozapine and MDL 100907

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Rakesh K.; Dai, Ying; Staudinger, Jeff L.; Muma, Nancy A.

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have previously demonstrated that olanzapine-induced desensitization of 5-HT2A receptor-stimulated phospholipase C (PLC) activity is associated with increases in RGS7 protein levels both in vivo and in cells in culture, ...

  16. First Principles Study of Photo-oxidation Degradation Mechanisms in P3HT for Organic Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sai, Na; Zádor, Judit; Henkelman, Graeme

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a theoretical study of degradation mechanisms for photoinduced oxidation in organic polymers in the condensed phase, using poly(3-hexylthiophene)(P3HT) as an example. Applying density functional theory with a hybrid density functional and periodic boundary conditions that account for steric effects and permit the modeling of interchain chemical reactions, we investigate reaction pathways that may lead to the oxidation of thiophene backbone as a critical step toward disrupting the polymer conjugation. We calculate energy barriers for reactions of the P3HT backbone with oxidizing agents including hydroxyl radical (OH$\\cdot$), hydroperoxide (ROOH), and peroxyl radical (ROO$\\cdot$), following a UV-driven radical reaction starting at the $\\alpha$-carbon of the alkyl side chain as suggested by infrared (IR) and X-ray photoemission (XPS) spectrosocopy studies. The results strongly suggest that an attack of OH$\\cdot$ on sulfur in P3HT is unlikely to be thermodynamically favored. On the other hand, an attac...

  17. Investigation of temperature dependence of fracture toughness in high-dose HT9 steel using small-specimen reuse technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baek, Jong-Hyuk [KAERI] [KAERI; Byun, Thak Sang [ORNL] [ORNL; Maloy, S [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Toloczko, M [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The temperature dependence of fracture toughness in HT9 steel irradiated to 3 145 dpa at 380 503 C was investigated using miniature three-point bend (TPB) fracture specimens. A miniature-specimen reuse technique has been established: the tested halves of subsize Charpy impact specimens with dimensions of 27 mm 3mm 4 mm were reused for this fracture test campaign by cutting a notch with a diamond-saw in the middle of each half, and by fatigue-precracking to generate a sharp crack tip. It was confirmed that the fracture toughness of HT9 steel in the dose range depends more strongly on the irradiation temperature than the irradiation dose. At an irradiation temperature <430 C, the fracture toughness of irradiated HT9 increased with the test temperature, reached an upper shelf of 180 200 MPa ffiffiffiffiffi m p at 350 450 C, and then decreased with the test temperature. At an irradiation temperatureP430 C, the fracture toughness was nearly unchanged up to about 450 C and decreased slowly with test temperatures in a higher temperature range. Such a rather monotonic test temperature dependence after high-temperature irradiation is similar to that observed for an archive material generally showing a higher degree of toughness. A brittle fracture without stable crack growth occurred in only a few specimens with relatively lower irradiation and test temperatures. In this discussion, these TPB fracture toughness data are compared with previously published data from 12.7 mm diameter disc compact tension (DCT) specimens.

  18. Investigation of temperature dependence of fracture toughness in high-dose HT9 steel using small-specimen reuse technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baek, Jong-Hyuk; Byun, Thak Sang; Maloy, Stuart A.; Toloczko, Mychailo B.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The temperature dependence of fracture toughness in HT9 steel irradiated to 3–145 dpa at 380–503 degrees*C was investigated using miniature three-point bend (TPB) fracture specimens. A miniature-specimen reuse technique has been established: the tested halves of subsize Charpy impact specimens with dimensions of 27 mm *3mm* 4 mm were reused for this fracture test campaign by cutting a notch with a diamond-saw in the middle of each half, and by fatigue-precracking to generate a sharp crack tip. It was confirmed that the fracture toughness of HT9 steel in the dose range depends more strongly on the irradiation temperature than the irradiation dose. At an irradiation temperature <430 *degreesC, the fracture toughness of irradiated HT9 increased with the test temperature, reached an upper shelf of 180—200 MPa*m^.5 at 350–450 degrees*C, and then decreased with the test temperature. At an irradiation temperature >430 degrees*C, the fracture toughness was nearly unchanged up to about 450 *degreesC and decreased slowly with test temperatures in a higher temperature range. Such a rather monotonic test temperature dependence after high-temperature irradiation is similar to that observed for an archive material generally showing a higher degree of toughness. A brittle fracture without stable crack growth occurred in only a few specimens with relatively lower irradiation and test temperatures. In this discussion, these TPB fracture toughness data are compared with previously published data from 12.7 mm diameter disc compact tension (DCT) specimens.

  19. Targeting miR-21 enhances the sensitivity of human colon cancer HT-29 cells to chemoradiotherapy in vitro

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Jun; Lei, Wan; Fu, Jian-Chun; Zhang, Ling; Li, Jun-He; Xiong, Jian-Ping, E-mail: jpxiong@medmail.com.cn

    2014-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlight: •MiR-21 plays a significant role in 5-FU resistance. •This role might be attributed to targeting of hMSH2 as well as TP and DPD via miR-21 targeted hMSH2. •Indirectly targeted TP and DPD to influence 5-FU chemotherapy sensitivity. -- Abstract: 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is a classic chemotherapeutic drug that has been widely used for colorectal cancer treatment, but colorectal cancer cells are often resistant to primary or acquired 5-FU therapy. Several studies have shown that miR-21 is significantly elevated in colorectal cancer. This suggests that this miRNA might play a role in this resistance. In this study, we investigated this possibility and the possible mechanism underlying this role. We showed that forced expression of miR-21 significantly inhibited apoptosis, enhanced cell proliferation, invasion, and colony formation ability, promoted G1/S cell cycle transition and increased the resistance of tumor cells to 5-FU and X radiation in HT-29 colon cancer cells. Furthermore, knockdown of miR-21 reversed these effects on HT-29 cells and increased the sensitivity of HT-29/5-FU to 5-FU chemotherapy. Finally, we showed that miR-21 targeted the human mutS homolog2 (hMSH2), and indirectly regulated the expression of thymidine phosphorylase (TP) and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD). These results demonstrate that miR-21 may play an important role in the 5-FU resistance of colon cancer cells.

  20. Enhancement of the photovoltaic performance in P3HT: PbS hybrid solar cells using small size PbS quantum dots

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Firdaus, Yuliar; Van der Auweraer, Mark, E-mail: mark.vanderauweraer@chem.kuleuven.be [Laboratory of Photochemistry and Spectroscopy, Division of Molecular Imaging and Photonics, Chemistry Department, KULeuven, Celestijnenlaan 200F, 2404, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Vandenplas, Erwin; Gehlhaar, Robert; Cheyns, David [Imec vzw, Kapeldreef 75, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Justo, Yolanda; Hens, Zeger [Physical Chemistry Laboratory, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281-S3, 9000 Gent (Belgium)

    2014-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Different approaches of surface modification of the quantum dots (QDs), namely, solution-phase (octylamine, octanethiol) and post-deposition (acetic acid, 1,4-benzenedithiol) ligand exchange were used in the fabrication of hybrid bulk heterojunction solar cell containing poly (3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and small (2.4?nm) PbS QDs. We show that replacing oleic acid by shorter chain ligands improves the figures of merit of the solar cells. This can possibly be attributed to a combination of a reduced thickness of the barrier for electron transfer and an optimized phase separation. The best results were obtained for post-deposition ligand exchange by 1,4-benzenedithiol, which improves the power conversion efficiency of solar cells based on a bulk heterojunction of lead sulfide (PbS) QDs and P3HT up to two orders of magnitude over previously reported hybrid cells based on a bulk heterojunction of P3HT:PbS QDs, where the QDs are capped by acetic acid ligands. The optimal performance was obtained for solar cells with 69?wt.?% PbS QDs. Besides the ligand effects, the improvement was attributed to the formation of an energetically favorable bulk heterojunction with P3HT, when small size (2.4?nm) PbS QDs were used. Dark current density-voltage (J-V) measurements carried out on the device provided insight into the working mechanism: the comparison between the dark J-V characteristics of the bench mark system P3HT:PCBM and the P3HT:PbS blends allows us to conclude that a larger leakage current and a more efficient recombination are the major factors responsible for the larger losses in the hybrid system.

  1. ZnO-TiO2 Core-Shell Nanorod/P3HT Solar Cells Lori E. Greene, Matt Law, Benjamin D. Yuhas, and Peidong Yang*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Peidong

    be inefficient because the disordered, interpenetrating networks of the two phases result in tortuous conduction-conducting polymer P3HT. Thin shells of TiO2 grown on the ZnO nanorods by atomic layer deposition significantly-film photovoltaics. Polymer-inorganic hybrid solar cells are of particular interest because they combine the solution

  2. Production of htt_bar and htT_bar in littlest Higgs model with T-parity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lei Wang; Wenyu Wang; Jin Min Yang; Huanjun Zhang

    2007-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In the littlest Higgs model with T-parity, which predicts a pair of T-even and T-odd partners for the top quark, the top quark interactions are altered with respect to the Standard Model predictions and deviation will manifest in various top quark processes. In this work we examine the effects in htt_bar productions at the ILC and LHC. We find that in the allowed parameter space, the cross sections can be significantly deviated from the Standard Model predictions and thus provide a good test for the littlest Higgs model with T-parity. We also examine the new production channel, the htT_bar or hTt_bar production, at the LHC, which give the same final states as htt_bar production due to the dominant decay T->Wb. We find that, compared with htt_bar production, this new production channel can have a sizable production rate for a T-quark below TeV scale. Such a production will be counted into htt_bar events or possibly extracted from htt_bar events, depending on if we can distinguish the T-quark from the top quark from mass reconstructions.

  3. Serotonin 5-HT2C receptor-independent expression of hypothalamic NOR1, a novel modulator of food intake and energy balance, in mice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nonogaki, Katsunori, E-mail: knonogaki-tky@umin.ac.jp [Center of Excellence, Division of Molecular Metabolism and Diabetes, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine (Japan) [Center of Excellence, Division of Molecular Metabolism and Diabetes, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine (Japan); Department of Lifestyle Medicine, Biomedical Engineering Center, Tohoku University (Japan); Kaji, Takao [Department of Lifestyle Medicine, Biomedical Engineering Center, Tohoku University (Japan)] [Department of Lifestyle Medicine, Biomedical Engineering Center, Tohoku University (Japan); Ohba, Yukie; Sumii, Makiko [Center of Excellence, Division of Molecular Metabolism and Diabetes, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine (Japan)] [Center of Excellence, Division of Molecular Metabolism and Diabetes, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine (Japan); Wakameda, Mamoru; Tamari, Tomohiro [Charles River Laboratories Japan, Inc. (Japan)] [Charles River Laboratories Japan, Inc. (Japan)

    2009-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    NOR1, Nur77 and Nurr1 are orphan nuclear receptors and members of the NR4A subfamily. Here, we report that the expression of hypothalamic NOR1 was remarkably decreased in mildly obese {beta}-endorphin-deficient mice and obese db/db mice with the leptin receptor mutation, compared with age-matched wild-type mice, whereas there were no genotypic differences in the expression of hypothalamic Nur77 or Nurr1 in these animals. The injection of NOR1 siRNA oligonucleotide into the third cerebral ventricle significantly suppressed food intake and body weight in mice. On the other hand, the decreases in hypothalamic NOR1 expression were not found in non-obese 5-HT2C receptor-deficient mice. Moreover, systemic administration of m-chlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP), a 5-HT2C/1B receptor agonist, had no effect on hypothalamic NOR1 expression, while suppressing food intake in {beta}-endorphin-deficient mice. These findings suggest that 5-HT2C receptor-independent proopiomelanocortin-derived peptides regulate the expression of hypothalamic NOR1, which is a novel modulator of feeding behavior and energy balance.

  4. Downregualtion of dynamin-related protein 1 attenuates glutamate-induced excitotoxicity via regulating mitochondrial function in a calcium dependent manner in HT22 cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Chi; Yuan, Xian-rui; Li, Hao-yu; Zhao, Zi-jin; Liao, Yi-wei; Wang, Xiang-yu; Su, Jun; Sang, Shu-shan; Liu, Qing, E-mail: xiangyaliuqing@163.com

    2014-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: •Downregulation of Drp-1 attenuates glutamate-induced excitotoxicity. •Downregulation of Drp-1 inhibits glutamate-induced apoptosis. •Downregulation of Drp-1 reduces glutamate-induced mitochondrial dysfunction. •Downregulation of Drp-1 preserves intracellular calcium homeostasis. -- Abstract: Glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity is involved in many acute and chronic brain diseases. Dynamin related protein 1 (Drp-1), one of the GTPase family of proteins that regulate mitochondrial fission and fusion balance, is associated with apoptotic cell death in cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. Here we investigated the effect of downregulating Drp-1 on glutamate excitotoxicity-induced neuronal injury in HT22 cells. We found that downregulation of Drp-1 with specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) increased cell viability and inhibited lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release after glutamate treatment. Downregulation of Drp-1 also inhibited an increase in the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and cleavage of caspase-9 and caspase-3. Drp-1 siRNA transfection preserved the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), reduced cytochrome c release, enhanced ATP production, and partly prevented mitochondrial swelling. In addition, Drp-1 knockdown attenuated glutamate-induced increases of cytoplasmic and mitochondrial Ca{sup 2+}, and preserved the mitochondrial Ca{sup 2+} buffering capacity after excitotoxicity. Taken together, these results suggest that downregulation of Drp-1 protects HT22 cells against glutamate-induced excitatory damage, and this neuroprotection may be dependent at least in part on the preservation of mitochondrial function through regulating intracellular calcium homeostasis.

  5. Absence of Structural Impact of Noble Nanoparticles on P3HT: PCBM Blends for Plasmon Enhanced Bulk-Heterojunction Organic Solar Cells Probed by Synchrotron Grazing Incidence X-Ray Diffraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuele Lilliu; Mejd Alsari; Oier Bikondoa; J. Emyr Macdonald; Marcus S. Dahlem

    2014-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The incorporation of noble metal nanoparticles, displaying localized surface plasmon resonance, in the active area of donor-acceptor bulk-heterojunction organic photovoltaic devices is an industrially compatible light trapping strategy, able to guarantee better absorption of the incident photons and give an efficiency improvement between 12% and 38%. In the present work, we investigate the effect of Au and Ag nanoparticles blended with P3HT: PCBM on the P3HT crystallization dynamics by synchrotron grazing incidence X-ray diffraction. We conclude that the presence of (1) 80nm Au, (2) mix of 5nm, 50nm, 80nm Au, (3) 40nm Ag, and (4) 10nm, 40nm, 60nm Ag colloidal nanoparticles, at different concentrations below 0.3 wt% in P3HT: PCBM blends, does not affect the behaviour of the blends themselves.

  6. Optimization of Deep Drilling Performance - Development and Benchmark Testing of Advanced Diamond Product Drill Bits & HP/HT Fluids to Significantly Improve Rates of Penetration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alan Black; Arnis Judzis

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This document details the progress to date on the OPTIMIZATION OF DEEP DRILLING PERFORMANCE--DEVELOPMENT AND BENCHMARK TESTING OF ADVANCED DIAMOND PRODUCT DRILL BITS AND HP/HT FLUIDS TO SIGNIFICANTLY IMPROVE RATES OF PENETRATION contract for the year starting October 2004 through September 2005. The industry cost shared program aims to benchmark drilling rates of penetration in selected simulated deep formations and to significantly improve ROP through a team development of aggressive diamond product drill bit--fluid system technologies. Overall the objectives are as follows: Phase 1--Benchmark ''best in class'' diamond and other product drilling bits and fluids and develop concepts for a next level of deep drilling performance; Phase 2--Develop advanced smart bit-fluid prototypes and test at large scale; and Phase 3--Field trial smart bit--fluid concepts, modify as necessary and commercialize products. As of report date, TerraTek has concluded all Phase 1 testing and is planning Phase 2 development.

  7. Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-13-005 GE Hitachi EC B3-6.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1 SECTION A. Project Title: Acquisition of a1306913145

  8. An Industry/DOE Program to Develop and Benchmark Advanced Diamond Product Drill Bits and HP/HT Drilling Fluids to Significantly Improve Rates of Penetration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    TerraTek

    2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A deep drilling research program titled 'An Industry/DOE Program to Develop and Benchmark Advanced Diamond Product Drill Bits and HP/HT Drilling Fluids to Significantly Improve Rates of Penetration' was conducted at TerraTek's Drilling and Completions Laboratory. Drilling tests were run to simulate deep drilling by using high bore pressures and high confining and overburden stresses. The purpose of this testing was to gain insight into practices that would improve rates of penetration and mechanical specific energy while drilling under high pressure conditions. Thirty-seven test series were run utilizing a variety of drilling parameters which allowed analysis of the performance of drill bits and drilling fluids. Five different drill bit types or styles were tested: four-bladed polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC), 7-bladed PDC in regular and long profile, roller-cone, and impregnated. There were three different rock types used to simulate deep formations: Mancos shale, Carthage marble, and Crab Orchard sandstone. The testing also analyzed various drilling fluids and the extent to which they improved drilling. The PDC drill bits provided the best performance overall. The impregnated and tungsten carbide insert roller-cone drill bits performed poorly under the conditions chosen. The cesium formate drilling fluid outperformed all other drilling muds when drilling in the Carthage marble and Mancos shale with PDC drill bits. The oil base drilling fluid with manganese tetroxide weighting material provided the best performance when drilling the Crab Orchard sandstone.

  9. Month HT OCC O. Paper OPF SS CG&MP SW/MP Reused Organics Hazardous E-waste Scrap Skids Misc Recovered Landfilled Total Diversion Jan-09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterloo, University of

    ) Diversion Diversion Rate (Recycled / Total) SS Secure Shredding Scrap Scrap Metals (All) CG&MP Cans, GlassMonth HT OCC O. Paper OPF SS CG&MP SW/MP Reused Organics Hazardous E-waste Scrap Skids Misc: Month HT OCC O. Paper OPF SS CG&MP SW/MP Reused Organics Hazardous E-waste Scrap Skids Misc Recovered

  10. Optimization of Deep Drilling Performance--Development and Benchmark Testing of Advanced Diamond Product Drill Bits & HP/HT Fluids to Significantly Improve Rates of Penetration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alan Black; Arnis Judzis

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document details the progress to date on the OPTIMIZATION OF DEEP DRILLING PERFORMANCE--DEVELOPMENT AND BENCHMARK TESTING OF ADVANCED DIAMOND PRODUCT DRILL BITS AND HP/HT FLUIDS TO SIGNIFICANTLY IMPROVE RATES OF PENETRATION contract for the year starting October 2002 through September 2002. The industry cost shared program aims to benchmark drilling rates of penetration in selected simulated deep formations and to significantly improve ROP through a team development of aggressive diamond product drill bit--fluid system technologies. Overall the objectives are as follows: Phase 1--Benchmark ''best in class'' diamond and other product drilling bits and fluids and develop concepts for a next level of deep drilling performance; Phase 2--Develop advanced smart bit--fluid prototypes and test at large scale; and Phase 3--Field trial smart bit--fluid concepts, modify as necessary and commercialize products. Accomplishments to date include the following: 4Q 2002--Project started; Industry Team was assembled; Kick-off meeting was held at DOE Morgantown; 1Q 2003--Engineering meeting was held at Hughes Christensen, The Woodlands Texas to prepare preliminary plans for development and testing and review equipment needs; Operators started sending information regarding their needs for deep drilling challenges and priorities for large-scale testing experimental matrix; Aramco joined the Industry Team as DEA 148 objectives paralleled the DOE project; 2Q 2003--Engineering and planning for high pressure drilling at TerraTek commenced; 3Q 2003--Continuation of engineering and design work for high pressure drilling at TerraTek; Baker Hughes INTEQ drilling Fluids and Hughes Christensen commence planning for Phase 1 testing--recommendations for bits and fluids.

  11. CUG13_HT_paper

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i t z C o . C l a r8.0 - HOISTING30,AprilHyper-Threading

  12. Long-term corrosion of Cr-Mo steels in superheated steam at 482 and 538/sup 0/C. [21/4 Cr-1 Mo; 9 Cr-1 Mo; Sumitomo 9 Cr-2 Mo; Sandvik HT-9

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griess, J.C.; DeVan, J.H.; Maxwell, W.A.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The corrosion of several Cr-Mo ferritic steels was investigated in superheated steam at an operating power plant. Tests were conducted at 482 and 538/sup 0/C (900 and 1000/sup 0/F) in a once-through loop for times up to 28,000 h. Chromium concentrations ranged from 2.0 to 11.3%, and the effect of surface preparation on corrosion was investigated. Only one of many specimens showed evidence of exfoliation at 482/sup 0/C, but at 538/sup 0/C exfoliation occurred on at least some of the specimens of most materials; the exceptions were the alloy with the highest chromium content (Sandvik HT-9), one heat of 9 Cr-1 Mo steel with the highest silicon content, and Sumitomo 9 Cr-2 Mo steel, which was in test for only 19,000 h. Parabolic oxidation kinetics adequately described the corrosion process for about the first year, after which corrosion rates were constant and lower than predicted from extrapolation of the initial part of the penetration versus time curves. With chromium concentrations between 2 and 9%, corrosion behavior was independent of chromium content, and corrosion was only slightly less with Sandvik HT-9. Corrosion was nearly independent of surface preparation, but in two cases the presence of mill scale on the surface prior to steam exposure seemed to retard oxidation in steam. 11 figures, 5 tables.

  13. SaltRx HT -Scoring Sheet A1. 0.1 M Bis-Tris Propane pH 7.0, 1.8 M Sodium Acetate pH 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Chris

    SaltRx HT - Scoring Sheet A1. 0.1 M Bis-Tris Propane pH 7.0, 1.8 M Sodium Acetate pH 7.0 A2. 0.1 M Bis-Tris Propane pH 7.0, 2.8 M Sodium Acetate pH 7.0 A3. 0.1 M Sodium Acetate pH 4.6, 1.5 M Ammonium Chloride A4. 0.1 M Bis-Tris Propane pH 7.0, 1.5 M Ammonium Chloride A5. 0.1 M Tris pH 8.5, 1.5 M Ammonium

  14. Month HT OCC O. Paper OPF SS CG&MP SW/MP Reused Organics Hazardous E-waste Scrap Skids Misc Recovered Landfilled Total Diversion Jan-10 0.00 0.00 0.00 15.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 15.50 0.00 15.50 100.0%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterloo, University of

    Materials OPF Office Paper Fibre E-Waste Waste Electronic and Electrical Equipment (Incl. Toner CartridgesMonth HT OCC O. Paper OPF SS CG&MP SW/MP Reused Organics Hazardous E-waste Scrap Skids Misc Organics Hazardous E-waste Scrap Skids Misc Recovered Landfilled Total Diversion Jan-09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0

  15. Overview of the last HT-7 experiments BaonianBaonian WanWan and HT-7 Teamand HT-7 Team

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Carbon Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan, China Huazhong University of Science Cooperated with:Cooperated with: Southwest Institute of Physics, Chengdu, China University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China Institute

  16. The observation of the morphology of the fibrous molecular assem-blages and the NiP microtubes was carried out using a Hitachi S-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sottos, Nancy R.

    ] S. E. Frazier, J. A. Bedford, J. Hower, M. E. Kenney, Inorg. Chem. 1967, 6, 1693. [2] C. R. Martin

  17. Read today's paper Sign in Register

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruina, Andy L.

    reduce the swaying and bend the knees to lift the moving foot off the ground, and two of the three new links Hitachi Plasma TV Seamless integration of original Hitachi technologies... hitachi.us Pioneer Pure

  18. PROOF COPY [HT-10-1203] 025106JHR [HT-10-1203]025106JHR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camci, Cengiz

    Heat Transfer Coefficient and Reference Freestream Temperature Determination Near an Axial Flow Turbine on the casing of an axial flow turbine. The goal is to develop an accurate steady-state heat transfer method for the comparison of various casing surface and tip designs used for turbine performance improvements

  19. Fielding of HT-seismic Tools and Evaluation of HT-FPGA Module - Development

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport inEnergy June 6-7, 2013 Meeting FederalThorium, and PotassiumFrancisco,of a

  20. Proceedings of HT2008 2008 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghajar, Afshin J.

    in horizontal tubes with a rounded entrance in the laminar, transitional, and turbulent flow regimes IN A HORIZONTAL TUBE USING SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINES L. M. Tam Department of Electromechanical Engineering, Faculty a stainless steel horizontal circular tube fitted with re-entrant, square-edged, and bell-mouth inlets under

  1. Et(%,r,z)Ht (%,r,z) ^zdr,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perkins, Richard A.

    , an infinitely wide metal-insulator- semiconductor transmission line, and microstrip lines on silicon substrates electric and magnetict t fields. The power normalization of the circuit theories of [3] and [4] require by causal power-normalized circuit theories from its phase using a Hilbert- transform relationship. We also

  2. 3' IVT Express Kit and HT 3' IVT Express Kit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wandless, Tom

    a successful reaction: Poly-A controls (lys, phe, thr and dap) monitor the target labeling process from start

  3. Proceedings of HT2009 2009 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zhixiong "James"

    -dependent radiation and conduction bio-heat transfer model. Ultrashort pulsed radiation transport in the cylindrical a combined transient heat transfer and Pennes bio-heat transfer model is developed to simulate the heat transfer models; and concluded that the Pennes model is still the most practical for fast prediction

  4. Proceedings of HT2003 2003 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonough, James M.

    and numerical studies (Battaglia et al. [4] and Battaglia et al. [5]) both involving the experimental

  5. Using coiled tubing in HP/HT corrosive gas wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High-yield-strength (100,000 psi) coiled tubing (CT) material has allowed for CT intervention in Mobile Bay Norphlet completions. These wells are approximately 22,000-ft-vertical-depth, high-pressure, hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S) gas wells. Operations performed on the Norphlet wells include a scale cleanout to approximately 22,000 ft, a hydrochloric acid (HCl) job at 415 F, and buildup removal from a safety valve. The scale cleanout was performed first with a spiral wash tool. The well was killed with 10-lbm/gal sodium bromide (NaBr) brine; the same brine was used for cleanout fluid. Cost savings of 60% were realized. A HCl matrix acid job at 415 F was performed next, followed by a scale cleanout across the downhole safety valve. The safety valve was cleared of debris in 1 operational day. Estimated cost of the CT operation was 5 to 10% less than that of a rig workover. The 100,000-psi-yield Ct material used for the Mobile Bay operations does not comply with the (NACE) Standard MR-0175. But on the basis of extensive laboratory testing by the CT manufacturer, the decision was made that the material would pass a modified test performed with decreased H{sub 2}S levels. A maximum level of 400 ppm H{sub 2}S was determined as the safe working limit. Because the maximum H{sub 2}S content in the wells described later was 120 ppm, the risk of sulfide-stress cracking (SSC) was considered acceptably low. Elevated bottomhole temperatures (BHT`s) increase the corrosion rate of metals exposed to corrosives. Extensive laboratory testing of corrosion inhibitors allowed for design of a matrix-acidizing treatment to remove near-wellbore damage caused by lost zinc bromide (ZnBr) completion brine.

  6. National Aeronautics and Space Administration htMaansitrT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Moon across sun, STEREO, February 25, 2007; Exoplanet Transit, courtesy Lynette Cook; Transit of Phobos affects how much radiation your body absorbs. Solar Math (2008) 15 Problems Exploring solar storms and solar structure using simple math activities. Calculating speeds of solar flares from photographs

  7. HT Combinatorial Screening of Novel Materials for High Capacity Hydrogen

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(Fact Sheet), GeothermalGrid Integration0-1HAWAI'IHMAX

  8. Capturing Value in a Global Innovation Network: A Comparison of Radical and Incremental Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L; Linden, Greg

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hitachi Hitachi-LG Data Storage Sony Hynix Hynix Source:manufacturers such as Sony and Toshiba now outsource part ofin cases such as Apple and Sony, through their own stores.

  9. Blockade of nucleus accumbens 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors prevents the expression of cocaine-induced behavioral and neurochemical sensitization in rats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zayara, Avi E.; McIver, Gregor; Valdivia, Paola N.; Lominac, Kevin D.; McCreary, Andrew C.; Szumlinski, Karen K.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    9660, USA A. C. McCreary Solvay Pharmaceuticals Researchinodoline dihydrochloride) (Solvay Pharmaceut- icalsand by funding to ACM by Solvay Pharmaceuticals Research.

  10. Serotonin Modulates Fast-Spiking Interneuron and Synchronous Activity in Prefrontal Cortex through 5-HT[subscript 1A] and 5-HT[subscript 2A] Receptors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watakabe, Akiya

    Alterations of the serotonergic system in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) are implicated in psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and depression. Although abnormal synchronous activity is observed in the PFC of these ...

  11. THE H.T. ODUM SYNTHESIS ESSAY Reforming Watershed Restoration: Science in Need

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Margaret A.

    ;increase in water extractions or diversions (Postel and Richter 2003; Walsh et al. 2005). Over-harvesting waters are continuing to decline in many parts of the world despite major efforts made to restore them of the world, people have relied on the network of freshwater tributaries and tidal waters for recreation

  12. 5-HT3 Receptor Brain-Type B-Subunits are Differentially Expressed in Heterologous Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corradi, Jeremias; Thompson, Andrew J.; McGonigle, Ian; Price, Kerry. L.; Bouzat, Cecilia; Lummis, Sarah C. R.

    2015-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    ) for expression in HEK 293 cells. Mutagenesis (Fig 1) was performed using QuikChange (Agilent Technologies Inc., California, USA). cRNA was in vitro transcribed from linearised pGEMHE cDNA template using the mMessage mMachine T7 Transcription kit (Ambion... solenoid-driven pinch valve, and two tubes (inner diameter, 0.3 mm) oriented at 90° inserted into the culture dish [modified from Liu and Dilger (1991)] 23. One tube contained extracellular solution (ECS) without agonist (normal solution) and the other...

  13. Proceedings of HT2007 2007 ASME-JSME Thermal Engineering Summer Heat Transfer Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghajar, Afshin J.

    to a more complicated data set, forced and mixed convection developing laminar flow in a horizontal tube LAMINAR HEAT TRANSFER IN A HORIZONTAL TUBE USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK L. M. Tam (1) Department variables on our forced convective turbulent heat transfer data in a horizontal tube (Ghajar and Tam, 1994

  14. Histone deacetylase inhibition results in a common metabolic profile associated with HT29 differentiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alcarraz-Vizán, Gema; Boren, Joan; Lee, Wai-Nang Paul; Cascante, Marta

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    99% purity and 99% isotope enrichment for each position fromD -glucose (50% isotope enrichment) and the corresponding4 -butyrate (100% isotope enrichment) and caprylic or capric

  15. ERDA Critical Review Series ERD> S'of HtSTER

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    1 3 6 0 Carbon and the Biosphere (CONF 720510) 1973 1 0 6 0 Technology of Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion Experiments and the Engineering Aspects of Fusion Reactors (CONF...

  16. SciTech Connect: Semi-Random Multichromophoric rr-P3HT Analogues...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (fuels), solid state lighting, charge transport, materials and chemistry by design, optics, synthesis (novel materials), synthesis (self-assembly), synthesis (scalable...

  17. Copyright 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2009 Heat Transfer Summer Conference HT2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    , spot welding, laser cutting/surface treatment (using CO2 or Argon lasers) as well as tribological applications including ball bearing and gear design [1-5]. Temperature profile and the rate of cooling, hardness distribution, residual stresses and heat affected zones of the material [6]. Knowing temperature

  18. Plasmonic backcontact grating for P3HT:PCBM organic solar cells enabling strong optical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demir, Hilmi Volkan

    . Lyubovskaya, G. Gobsch, N. S. Sariciftci, and V. F. Razumov, "Material solubility-photovoltaic performance; (050.2770) Gratings; (040.5350) Photovoltaic; (350.6050) Solar energy. References and links 1. P. A-enhanced charge carrier generation in organic photovoltaic films using silver nanoprisms," Nano Lett. 10(4), 1501

  19. Speaker: Professor H.T. Banks, North Carolina State University Title ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1911-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 26, 2010 ... ential games, and more recently in the treatment of Preisach hysteresis in smart materials. In this expository lecture we outline these ...

  20. Experimental Design and Inverse Problems in Plant Biological , H.T. Banks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    crop models, such as the Aquacrop model [15] and decision support system for agrotechnology transfer growth and crop yield. We use a dynamical system model proposed by Zhu., et al. [16], which describes with this dynamical system mathematical model and a statistical model to describe the observation process

  1. Nano-Confinement Induced Chain Alignment in Ordered P3HT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Wenchuang "Walter"

    as cost- effective functional materials for organic electronic devices such as solar cells1,2 and field as well. For example, in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cell structures, control of nanomor- phology and favorably. In BHJ solar cells, the hole mobility is just on the order of 10 4 cm2 /V · s, which

  2. Evaluation of Annular Pressure Buildup (APB) during WCD Blowout of Deepwater Hp/Ht Wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taghizadeh Ansari, Matin

    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . 12 WELLCATTM models any standard hydrocarbons composed of dry or free gas, oil and dissolved gas, vapor-liquids without heavy oil, and dissolved gas. The oil properties can be calculated by oil API gravity, while gas properties are modeled using... and Environmental Enforcement FWHP Flowing Well Head Pressure FBHP Flowing Bottom Hole Pressure CGR Condensate Gas Ratio GLR Gas Liquid Ratio API American Petroleum Association SRK Soave-Redlich-Kwong VLE Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium PR Peng-Robinson GOR Gas...

  3. Damping: Hysteretic Damping and Models \\Lambda H.T. Banks and G.A. Pinter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vibrational damping is associated with the dissipation of energy during mechanical vibra­ tions/deformations of an elastic body, usually via the conversion of mechanical energy to thermal energy producing heat in the body), shape memory alloys (SMA's) such as Nitinol ( a nickel­titanium alloy) and CuZnAl (a cooper zinc

  4. Photochemical Charge Separation in Poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) Films Observed with Surface Photovoltage Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osterloh, Frank

    of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of California, Davis, California 95616, United of excitation energy. Both positive and negative photovoltage signals were observed under sub-band-gap ( the identification of interface, charge transfer (CT), and band-gap states in the amorphous and crystalline regions

  5. Reactive Air Aluminizing of Nicrofer-6025HT for Use in Advanced Coal-Based Power Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joshi, Vineet V.; Choi, Jung-Pyung; Darsell, Jens T.; Meier, Alan; Weil, K. Scott

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present work demonstrated the feasibility of preparing RAA coatings on Nicrofer and compared the effect of aluminum powder size on the RAA process.

  6. Technical Paper by H.T. Eid, T.D. Stark and C.K. Doerfler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ON INTERNAL SHEAR STRENGTH OF A REINFORCED GEOSYNTHETIC CLAY LINER ABSTRACT: Torsional ring shear tests were-punched geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) under different normal stresses. The test results suggest that the internal shear, and quantity of needie-punched fibers. KEYWORDS: Geosynthetic clay liner, Normal stress, Strength, Shear rate

  7. Adaptation of antenna profiles for control of MR guided hyperthermia (HT) in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrzejak, Artur

    time-domain11,12,13) or FE (finite element8,10,14) methods, as well as the bio- heat-transfer equation resonance frequency shift (PRFS) method. The basic idea of our iterative procedure is the improvement the calculated and experimental data, the latter obtained using the PRFS method. The procedure has been

  8. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice44c.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., December 8, 1995 The HanfordStakeholderSubject:

  9. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice63a.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., December 8, 1995 TheNultonAlProjectBackground:

  10. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice84a.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., December 8, 1995Unacceptable1997The200

  11. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice84b.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., December 8, 1995Unacceptable1997The200The

  12. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice94a.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., December 8,John Wagoner, Manager U.S.2, Chuck

  13. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice94b.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., December 8,John Wagoner, Manager U.S.2, Chuck6,

  14. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice94c.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., December 8,John Wagoner, Manager U.S.2,

  15. ZhongHang Baoding Huiteng Windpower Equipment Co Ltd HT Blade | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifang SwisselectronicXian

  16. http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/page/coaldistrib/distable1.ht

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 6833 (Thousand ShortGlossary

  17. ERDA Critical Review Series ERD> S'of HtSTER

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem Not Found Item Not Found The itemAIR57451 CleanFOR IMMEDIATEDurable

  18. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice100.ht

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ...,exerciseTheoreticalEA - WD3a.,4DearChuck

  19. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice101.ht

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ...,exerciseTheoreticalEA - WD3a.,4DearChuck5,

  20. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice102.ht

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  1. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice103.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ...,exerciseTheoreticalEA - WD3a.,4DearChuck5,

  2. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice104.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ...,exerciseTheoreticalEA -

  3. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice105.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ...,exerciseTheoreticalEA -Keith Klein, Manager

  4. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice106.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ...,exerciseTheoreticalEA -Keith Klein,

  5. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice108.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ...,exerciseTheoreticalEA -Keith Klein,Dick

  6. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice109.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ...,exerciseTheoreticalEA -Keith Klein,DickThe

  7. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice110.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ...,exerciseTheoreticalEA -KeithMs. Carolyn

  8. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice111.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ...,exerciseTheoreticalEA -KeithMs. Carolyn0

  9. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice112.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ...,exerciseTheoreticalEA -KeithMs. Carolyn03,

  10. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice113.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ...,exerciseTheoreticalEA -KeithMs. Carolyn03,8,

  11. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice17a.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ...,exerciseTheoreticalEA (Revised May 4,

  12. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice18A.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ...,exerciseTheoreticalEA (Revised May

  13. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice28c.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ...,exerciseTheoreticalEADefending the TPAPlease

  14. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice29c.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ...,exerciseTheoreticalEADefending theRiveland,

  15. Whither the Keiretsu, Japan's Business Networks? How Were They Structured? What Did They Do? Why Are They Gone?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lincoln, James R.; Shimotani, Masahiro

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    such as Mitsubishi Heavy Industries provided the thirdKakoki Sumitomo Heavy Industries Electric machinery ToshibaNissan Motor Kawasaki Heavy Hitachi Zosen ShinMeiwa Industry

  16. Science-driven system architecture: A new process for leadership class computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hitachi SR8000-F1, High Performance Computing in Science ands investment in high performance computing, initiate a newofferings, the high performance computing community has

  17. Department of Energy Awards More Than $16 Million for GNEP Technology...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    GE-Hitachi Nuclear Americas, LLC; and General Atomics to develop studies for a GNEP nuclear fuel recycling center and advanced recycling reactor. Funding under the...

  18. Singlettriplet physics and shell filling in carbon nanotube double quantum dots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    . INGERSLEV JÃ?RGENSEN1,2 *, K. GROVE-RASMUSSEN2 , K.-Y. WANG1 , A. M. BLACKBURN1 , K. FLENSBERG2 , P. E. LINDELOF2 AND D. A. WILLIAMS1 1 Hitachi Cambridge Laboratory, Hitachi Europe Ltd, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK 2

  19. Novas Aplicaes das Matemticas na Indstria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saeki, Osamu

    Arithmetic-Cryptography Kao Corporation Graph Theory-Optimization OLM Digital, Inc. CG of animation Geometry. MAZDA MOTOR CORP. KDDI HITACHI IBM Japan ETRI, Korea OLM Digital, Inc. & WETA Digital, New Zealand. Mitsubishi Research Inst. Inc. MAZDA MOTOR CORP. KDDI HITACHI IBM Japan ETRI, Korea OLM Digital, Inc. & WETA

  20. Approved by BNC Managing Director___Paul Lum________________Date:___2011_July 20_ Approved by Super User: ____Jim Cheng/Mike Demko__________Date:___2011_July_20_

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Healy, Kevin Edward

    performing said maintenance. #12;Standard Operating Procedure ­ BNC Hitachi S2460N ESEM 3 D. Other 1. Proper User: ____Jim Cheng/Mike Demko__________Date:___2011_July_20_ Standard Operating Procedure BNC Hitachi S2460N ESEM with EDX Version 2011 July 20 I. Purpose This Standard Operating Procedure (SOP

  1. Band alignment engineering in organized rrP3HT/C60 bulk heterojunction Arnaud Maillard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rochefort, Alain

    ­5]. However, the power conversion efficiency of organic photovoltaic cells has to reach a minimal 10% target [10­12]. Therefore, before attaining the 10% target with high-efficiency BHJ organic photovoltaic) molecule is more often used in high-efficiency organic photovoltaic cells [4]. Nevertheless, one may assume

  2. Serotonin 5-HT2B Receptor Blockade Prevents Reactive Oxygen SpeciesInduced Cardiac Hypertrophy in Mice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    hypertrophy, ie, angiotensin II and isoproterenol infusions in mice. Angiotensin II infusion for 14 days215505) prevented the increase in cardiac superoxide generation and hypertrophy. Similarly, infusion

  3. DEVELOPMENT AND BENCHMARKING OF A 1ST HT-PEM/LI-ION HYBRID MOTIVE POWER SYSTEM FOR FORKLIFTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Industriparken 34B, 7400 Herning, Danmark Telefon: +45 56 27 96 00 e-mail: kp@h2logic.dk Teknologisk institut Kontakt person: Anders Elkjær Tønnesen Adresse: Kongsvang allé 29, 8000 Århus C, Danmark Telefon: +45 72 Adresse: Baldershøj 26C, 1., 2635 Ishøj, Danmark Telefon: +45 41 33 46 52 e-mail: christoffer

  4. Characterization of HT-9 Ferritic-Martensitic Steels Oxidized in Lead Bismuth Eutectic , A. T. Motta1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motta, Arthur T.

    , A. T. Motta1 , R. J. Comstock2 , and P. Hosemann3 1 Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering 87545 Contact email: jmk598@psu.edu INTRODUCTION The Lead-Cooled Fast Reactor (LFR) design is one point, low chemical reactivity, high boiling point, good gamma shielding, and high transparency

  5. Gonadal effects of melatonin in the three-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus L., during different seasons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -hydroxy- tryptamine (5-HT) and/or 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP). 5-HT and 5-HTP can serve as precursors

  6. Data-driven Chance Constrained Stochastic Program - Optimization ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 5, 2012 ... difficulties: (i) chance constraints are non-convex in general, and (ii) ...... Dow Chemical, Duke Energy Company, Du Pont, Eli Lilly and Co., Exelon Corp., FMC. Corp., General Electric, Hewlett Packard, Hitachi, Honeywell, IBM ...

  7. Globalization of Innovation: The Personal Computing Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Microsoft is competing with Sony and Nintendo in thesuch as HP, Toshiba, Sony, and Samsung, but these areToshiba, Hitachi, Samsung and Sony. Also, firm-level data

  8. Software Systems Laboratory The Software Systems Laboratory serves as the focal point for interdisciplinary research on software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    of industrial sponsors including AT&T, Cisco, GM, HP, Hitachi, IBM, Intel, Lucent Bell Labs, MCNC, MCI of the brand new Computer Science and Engineering Building on the north campus of the University of Michigan

  9. Simulation of condensation in the presence of noncondensible gases using the French Thermal Hydraulic computer code CATHARE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reyes, Joseph Patrick

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the CATHARE thermal hydraulic code. The experiments were conducted at the University of California, Berkeley, and at the Energy Research Laboratory in Japan; supervised by Hitachi, Ltd.. The experiments involved the condensation of a steam/air mixture...

  10. Blind Audio Source Separation using Short+Long Term AR Source Models and Iterative Itakura-Saito

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    the source separation can be performed satisfactorily, especially in clean environment, for example by using supported by its industrial partners: BMW, Cisco Systems, France T´el´ecom, Hitachi Europe, SFR, Sharp, ST

  11. Procurement Office, The University of Edinburgh, Charles Stewart House, 9-16 Chambers Street, Edinburgh, EH1 1HT PURCHASE OF SERVICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnaufer, Achim

    & Conditions relating to the purchase of Services. Contract means the agreement constituted by the Supplier

  12. Improving the Performance of P3HT-Fullerene Solar Cells with Side-Chain-Functionalized Poly(thiophene) Additives: A New Paradigm for Polymer Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lobez, Jose M.

    The motivation of this study is to determine if small amounts of designer additives placed at the polymer–fullerene interface in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells can influence their performance. A series of AB-alternating ...

  13. UNIVERSITE DE FRANCHE COMTE LISTE DES MARCHES CONCLUS EN 2013 MARCHES DE FOURNITURES NOM DE L'ATTRIBUTAIRE CODE POSTAL DATE MONTANT HT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeanjean, Louis

    du réseau régional SEQUANET Ineo Com 21 077 27/09/2013 52 662,74 mobilier salle blanche Basan 38 500

  14. OPTIMIZATION OF DEEP DRILLING PERFORMANCE--DEVELOPMENT AND BENCHMARK TESTING OF ADVANCED DIAMOND PRODUCT DRILL BITS & HP/HT FLUIDS TO SIGNIFICANTLY IMPROVE RATES OF PENETRATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alan Black; Arnis Judzis

    2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The industry cost shared program aims to benchmark drilling rates of penetration in selected simulated deep formations and to significantly improve ROP through a team development of aggressive diamond product drill bit--fluid system technologies. Overall the objectives are as follows: Phase 1--Benchmark ''best in class'' diamond and other product drilling bits and fluids and develop concepts for a next level of deep drilling performance; Phase 2--Develop advanced smart bit-fluid prototypes and test at large scale; and Phase 3--Field trial smart bit-fluid concepts, modify as necessary and commercialize products. As of report date, TerraTek has concluded all major preparations for the high pressure drilling campaign. Baker Hughes encountered difficulties in providing additional pumping capacity before TerraTek's scheduled relocation to another facility, thus the program was delayed further to accommodate the full testing program.

  15. Assignment 5 BS3b Statistical Lifetime-Models Oxford HT 2013 XI A.5 Censoring and truncation, Kaplan-Meier estimator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winkel, Matthias

    ). Entry Exit Death Entry Exit Death Age Age Indicator Age Age Indicator 67 72 0 69 74 1 70 71 0 69 71 0 70 in the study and the age at which they left, and the cause of exit, whether death (1) or something else (0

  16. Assignment 5 BS3b Statistical Lifetime-Models Oxford HT 2012 XI A.5 Censoring and truncation, Kaplan-Meier estimator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winkel, Matthias

    ). Entry Exit Death Entry Exit Death Age Age Indicator Age Age Indicator 67 72 0 69 74 1 70 71 0 69 71 0 70 in the study and the age at which they left, and the cause of exit, whether death (1) or something else (0

  17. Corresponding author: Shi-Chune Yao, Email: scyao@cmu.edu, Paper number: HT-12-1144. 1 Design and Evaluation of a MEMS-Based Stirling Microcooler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGaughey, Alan

    and Evaluation of a MEMS-Based Stirling Microcooler Dongzhi Guo1 , Jinsheng Gao2 , Alan J. H. McGaughey1 , Gary K-6431 ABSTRACT A new Stirling micro-refrigeration system composed of arrays of silicon MEMS cooling elements has are explored. The optimal porosity for the best system COP is identified. Keywords: Stirling microcooler

  18. SEROTONERGIC MODULATION OF THE CRAYFISH HINDGUT: EFFECTS ON HINDGUT CONTRACTILITY AND REGULATION OF SEROTONIN ON HINDGUT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, Robin L.

    of the intermediate product of 5- #12;HT synthesis, 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP), did lead to 5-HT-ir. The HGNs can chromatography measurements of 5-HT and 5-HTP levels in tissue following injection of 5-HT into the hemolymph a significant increase in 5-HTP levels in the brain. Quantitative 5-HT-ir indicated that feeding increased

  19. Development of Tools for Measuring Temperature, Flow, Pressure...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Peer Review hightemp017tilak.pdf More Documents & Publications Fielding of HT-seismic Tools and Evaluation of HT-FPGA Module - Development of a HT-seismic Tool; 2010...

  20. High-temperature Pump Monitoring - High-temperature ESP Monitoring...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Systems; 2010 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report Fielding of HT-seismic Tools and Evaluation of HT-FPGA Module - Development of a HT-seismic Tool; 2010...

  1. The Development and Demonstration of an Electric Submersible...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ESP Monitoring; 2010 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report Fielding of HT-seismic Tools and Evaluation of HT-FPGA Module - Development of a HT-seismic Tool; 2010...

  2. Extending the Temperature Range of Electric Submersible Pumps...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ESP Monitoring; 2010 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report Fielding of HT-seismic Tools and Evaluation of HT-FPGA Module - Development of a HT-seismic Tool; 2010...

  3. COMPUTING MAXIMAL CHAINS ALBERTO MARCONE, ANTONIO MONTALBN, AND RICHARD A. SHORE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shore, Richard A.

    -founded partial order then every chain in P is a well-order and we de...ne the height of P, ht(P), to be the supremum of all ordinals which are order types of chains in P. For x 2 P, let htP (x) be the supremum that ht(P) = supf htP (x) + 1 j x 2 P g and that htP (x) = supf htP (y) + 1 j y

  4. Slide 1

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Volts) * Demonstrate HT power controller using discrete devices - Using HT devices: * SOI control circuits - 240 C * SiC Power devices - 300 C * Establish commercialization path to...

  5. Analysis of the California Solar Resource--Volume 3: Appendices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    erdahl, P.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    twice yearly by Weather Data: Temperature (dry bulb) (,. ,.et bulb) Wind Speed (Ht. ~) Wind Direction Other evaporationData: Temperature (dry bulb) (wet bulb) Nind Speed (Ht, Wind

  6. Northwestern University's Atomic and Nanoscale Characterization Experimental Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grzybowski, Bartosz A.

    . #12;FIB Facility Instruments FEI Helios NanoLab · Dual-beam FIB/SEM; simultaneous FIB milling and SEMV and low energy milling capabilities #12;SEM, TEM & S/TEM capabilities Hitachi SU8030 & S4800-II SEM & EELS with automated line scans and maps · Gatan double-tilt heating stage (up to 1100 degrees) · Low

  7. The Thirty-Sixth Annual Ross Tucker Award Recipients Pratik Patel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Junqiao

    LBNL Gamani Karunsiri Naval Postgraduate School Symposium Sponsors IEEE Electron Device Society IEEE Nanostructures", Dr. Joerg Jinschek, FEI Company, Europe Nanoport, Eindhoven, NL 3:00 "Nanopatterned Magnetic Recording Media", Dr. Thomas Albrecht, Hitachi Global Storage Tech., San Jose Research Center 3:45 Posters

  8. CX-010775: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Next Generation Electromagnetic Pump: Analysis Tools and Insulation Materials Development - General Electric (GE) Hitachi Nuclear Energy Americas Limited Liability Corporation (LLC) CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 07/24/2013 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Nuclear Energy

  9. Coding Strategies for UWB Interference-Limited Peer-To-Peer Networks Younes Souilmi, Raymond Knopp and Giuseppe Caire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    is a promising candidate for military imaging systems as well as other non-commercial sensor network applications Cegetel, Bouygues Telecom, Thales, ST Microelectronics, Motorola, Hitachi Europe and Texas Instruments efficiency at the origin as a function of Eb/N0. Verdu's work is funda- men

  10. Moving Object Detection and Compression in IR Sequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agrawal, Amit

    infrared (IR) sensors. The aim is to use IR image sequences to detect moving objects (humans or vehicles computational power of computing devices attached to the sensor, the algorithms should be computationally simple implemented in C/C++ and their performance has been evaluated the using Hitachi's SH4 platform with software

  11. Global Talent Program Explore High technology in Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sung, Wokyung

    , . 2011 GTP #12;: 11 #12;12 2011 Global Talent Program Fujitsu, Sony, Hitachi, SoftBank, Nikko , , , . " " , , . , . Nikko Cordial Securities Inc. . , . #12;: 21 08 Sony Corporation SONY IT , , , . SONY 3D , , , SONY . SONY NGP(Next Generation Portable; PSP2) Portable Network

  12. GREQAMGroupement de Recherche en Economie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille -UMR-CNRS 6579

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    electronics sector (Gandal et al., 2000; the Sony/Philips standards for CD players and disks, Cusumano et al (Leiponen, 2008; UMTS). Thus, it is not unusual to find companies like Sony, JVC, Hitachi, Matsushita and Kock, 2000). For example, from 2001 to 2005, IBM, Sony and Toshiba teamed up to develop high

  13. 3296 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL. 47, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2011 Enhanced B2 Ordering of FeRh Thin Films Using B2 NiAl Underlayers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, David E.

    University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Data Storage Systems Center, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA San Jose Research Center, Hitachi Global Storage Technologies, San Jose, CA 95135 USA at low temperature to a ferromagnetic (FM) state above 350 K and reverse back on cooling with a finite

  14. High Performance www.rrze.uni-erlangen.de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiebig, Peter

    High Performance Computing at RRZE 2008 HPCatRRZE www.rrze.uni-erlangen.de #12;G. Hager, T. Zeiser and G. Wellein: Concepts of High Performance Computing. In: Fehske et al. Lect. Notes Phys. 739, 681 Optimization Techniques for the Hitachi SR8000 architecture. In: A. Bode (Ed.) : High Performance Computing

  15. TheElectronMicroscopyCore(EMC) UniversityofMissouriColumbia,MO65211

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noble, James S.

    TheElectronMicroscopyCore(EMC) UniversityofMissouriColumbia,MO65211 The. The EMC houses two field emission SEM's, a Hitachi cold-field SEM (S-4700) and a FEI thermal FE SEM imaging and chemical analysis from their SEM/EDS systems. AdditionalSupportby: FormoreInformationortoregistergoto:http://www.emc

  16. Privacy in mobile applications and beyond Journe ADREAM,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingrand, François

    ;......... 4 Child Watch II #12;......... 5 Child Watch III Children have GSM-GPS system on wrist. Price: US.mew.co.jp/e-tecrepo/ 73e/main02.html] [Hitachi, Matsuhita Electric Works Limited, Panasonic, Toto] #12;......... 10 (39; 43; 46; 49; 56) associated with certain household appliances such as a toilet system (12

  17. Simplified synchronization through optimistic linearizability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gramoli, Vincent

    ;Example if (foo()) ht.set(5 => `Red') else ht.set(5 => `Green') q.enq(`diesel'); q.enq(`hybrid'); Car c 2010 #12;if (foo()) ht.set(5 => `Red') else ht.set(5 => `Green') q.enq(`diesel'); q.enq(`hybrid'); Car.set(5 => `Red') else ht.set(5 => `Green') q.enq(`diesel'); q.enq(`hybrid'); Car c = new Car(); c

  18. Cor." 5F/tuV!c, eoflPtfc,HtM 11tdk>J. /!or ~-R~tJ. /feu/--p,.."fJJ at' Q f'/e.,J ~"'~>c~;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is rated according to the SEER or EER. and heat pump heating by an HSPF or COP. Since few residential buildings use heat pumps with an output capacity greater than 65,000 lttuth, the Low-Rise Residential;:,';~·oJ:""·Dq:;:rT;:~~"---·-··'~-··~~=~~"'. The cooling efficiency of electric heat pumps with less than a 65,000 Btuth cooling capacity is rated

  19. Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2006712 Published as: H.T. Nguyen and J.M. Pearce, "Estimating Potential Photovoltaic Yield with r.sun and the Open Source Geographical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    solar farms projects are identified. The optimal resolution to acquire reliable solar energy outputs. This region is found to possess over 935,000 acres appropriate for solar farm development, which could provide environmentally-responsible development of large-scale solar farms. Keywords: GRASS GIS; photovoltaic; renewable

  20. Predicting Stimulation Response Relationships For Engineered...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Yr 1 Yr 2 Yr 3 Task Integration (TI) TI TI TI Data Acquisition (DA) DA Explosive Fracturing (EF) EF EF Hydrofrac Sim Dev (HSD) HSD Frac Upscaling (FU) FU Heat Transport (HT) HT...

  1. The role of constrictor prostanoids in the development of aortic coarctation-induced hypertension in male and female rats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltzer, Wendy Irene

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    function and arterial blood pressure (MAP) during development of aortic coarctation-induced hypertension (HT). M and F rats, (15-18 wks.) in four groups: normotensive (NT), hypertensive (HT), ovariectomized (OVX), and OVX estrogen-replaced (OE), underwent...

  2. DOE Workshop HIGH THROUGHPUT/COMBINATORIAL SCREENING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Properties Characterization · Optical/Electronic Materials · Vapor Phase Thin-Film Synthesis · Solution Phase Library Synthesis · HT Materials Characterization · HT Device Fabrication and Performance Evaluation #12/displays, materials for digital radiography, inorganic and organic OLEDs, TCOs Electronics Applications semiconductors

  3. INTERCOMPARISON STUDY OF ELEMENTAL ABUNDANCES IN RAW AND SPENT OIL SHALES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, J.P.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    htR 4Qq Yb Zn Zr A .. Battelle Pacific NorthweHt Laboratory,t 2 Y Yb Zn Zr I A" Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory.94720 J. C. Evans Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory

  4. SGMT V. 1.0

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002485MLTPL00 Sandia Generated Matrix Tool (SGMT) v. 1.0  http://cognitivescience.sandia.gov/Software/matrixtool.ht 

  5. NETWRAP V.1.0

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002521MLTPL00 Network traffic analysis using dispersion patterns  https://computation.llnl.gov/casc/dcca-pub/dcca/downloads.ht 

  6. Serial Femtosecond Crystallography of G Protein-Coupled Receptors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Liu

    2013-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Serial femtosecond crystallography data on microcrystals of 5-HT2B receptor bound to ergotamine grown in lipidic cubic phase.

  7. DIBS

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002429WKSTN00 Data-Intensive Benchmarking Suite  https://computation.llnl.gov/case/dcca-pub/dcca/downloads.ht 

  8. Kode Dansk English AD Andorra ANDORRA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AND MCDONALD ISLANDS HN Honduras HONDURAS HR Kroatien CROATIA HT Haiti HAITI HU Ungarn HUNGARY ID Indonesien

  9. The Structure of the Worst Noise in Gaussian Vector Broadcast Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Wei

    (X1; Y1|X2) = 1 2 log |H1S1HT 1 + Sz1z1| |Sz1z1| R2 = I(X2; Y2) = 1 2 log |H2S2HT 2 + H2S1HT 2 + Sz2z2| |H2S1HT 2 + Sz2z2| DIMACS Workshop on Network Information Theory 5 #12;Converse: Sato's Outer Bound

  10. Serial Femtosecond Crystallography of G Protein-Coupled Receptors

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Liu, Liu

    Serial femtosecond crystallography data on microcrystals of 5-HT2B receptor bound to ergotamine grown in lipidic cubic phase.

  11. Ingo Potrykus, the father of golden rice, stated "If some people decide that they want blind children and white rice, it's their decision. I'm offering the possibility of yellow rice and no blind children" (cited in GRAIN,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, E. Ann

    clearly than with GM crops. Why do we `need' herbicide- tolerant (HT) crops? Or Bt crops? Was `need' even

  12. L'organe pinal du Brochet (Esox lucius, L.). IV. Srotonine endogne et activit monoamine oxydasique ;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    days). Using fluorescence histochemistry and drug treatments, the agranular pool of 5-HTP/5-HT (5 (Falcon, 1979b). This result confirmed the possible existence of photoneuroendocrine cells. The 5-HTP/5-HT pool was also present, but less abundant, in ependymal (supportive = interstitial) cells. 5-HTP/5-HT

  13. Effect of cellular differentiation on 11 -hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity in the intestine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miksik, Ivan

    lines derived from rat small intestine (IEC-6, IEC-18) and from human colon adenocarcinoma (Caco-2, HT activity was observed in HT-29 cells, and lowest activity was seen in IEC cells. Treatment with dexamethasone (50 nM) increased the activity of 11 HSD2 in IEC-6 cells ( 59%) and HT-29 cells ( 31%), whereas

  14. Cyber Security & Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, J.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the impacts of long-term power shortages from the destruction of critical electric infrastructure. ? A Hitachi factory north of Tokyo that makes 60% of the world?s supply of airflow sensors was shut down. This caused General Motors to shut a plant... at The University of Texas at Dallas ? Next Generation Control Systems ? Trustworthy Cyber Infrastructure for the Power Grid ? Active Defense Systems ? System Vulnerability Assessments ? Grid Test Bed ? Integrated Risk Analysis ? Modeling and Simulation...

  15. Assignment 1 1. Since kf n 0k 2 =

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olver, Peter

    ) = #6; n+1 k=0 c nk P k (t) (2) where c nk = htP n ; P k i (3) It follows from the fact that P n is orthogonal to every polynomial of order less than n, that c nk = htP n ; P k i = hP n ; tP k i = 0 (4) 1 #12 (t) (6) where a n = htP n ; P n+1 i = hP n ; tP n+1 i = htP n+1 ; P n i; and c n = htP n ; P n 1 i

  16. IMPROVEMENT OF CRYSTALLINE QUALITY OF GROUP III NITRIDES ON SAPPHIRE USING LOW TEMPERATURE INTERLAYERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wetzel, Christian M.

    cm-2 that originate at the interface between GaN and the LT-BL and/or sapphire substrate [9,10]. TDs sapphire substrate and HT-GaN is called buffer layer (BL), while the LT-layer between HT-nitride is called on the sapphire substrate. The thickness was ~20nm. HT-GaN was grown at 1,050°C on the LT-BL. The thickness

  17. Study of surface enhanced resonant Raman spectroscopy of chromophores on unaggregated plasmonically active nanoparticles / Surface-enhanced Raman study of the interaction of the PEDOT:PSS and P3HT/PCBM components of organic polymer solar cells with plasmonically active nanoparticles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stavytska-Barba, Marina Valeriyivna

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Organic Photovoltaic Efficiency in Tandem Cells ofinfluencing the photovoltaic efficiency. Thus, the firstCarroll, D. L. High-Efficiency Photovoltaic Devices Based on

  18. !"#$&%(')0!1$24365879@0BAC00DFEHGI @PQSRUTWVVTX YH`acbed6f!fWghbpii0qq!qsrptu6vtxwy0t!cr)uHi!uW6W!fHtHi!tHf)HvWixw6u!CtH!4rd6fxu 72!!"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreau, Pierre-Etienne

    : a Rewriting Logic Environment based on ASF+SDF Technology -- System Demonstration -- M.G.J. van den Brand 1 environment. The idea was to use the ASF+SDF parsing technology to build a new ELAN parser, given the ELAN]. ASF+SDF technology The technology applied in the ASF+SDF Meta-Environment [4] was also con- sidered

  19. Study of surface enhanced resonant Raman spectroscopy of chromophores on unaggregated plasmonically active nanoparticles / Surface-enhanced Raman study of the interaction of the PEDOT:PSS and P3HT/PCBM components of organic polymer solar cells with plasmonically active nanoparticles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stavytska-Barba, Marina Valeriyivna

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S. ; Hummelen, J. C. Plastic Solar Cells. Adv. Funct. Mater.Polman, A. Plasmonic Solar Cells. Opt. Express 2008, 16, (Plasmon Enhanced Silicon Solar Cells. J. Appl. Phys. 2007,

  20. C~opyright ,f;. 2CC7 by the Americ-1n Psycholu~tc,tl A.ssnctattnn. All rif;ht~ reserved. Except,,, permmed under the Lnited States Cnpynght .Act uf 1'!76, n,, part of thi.s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Townsend, James T.

    -2984 Tel: (800) 374-2721 Direct: (202) 336-5510 F:1x: (202) 336-5502 TDD/TTY: (202) .316-6123 Online: www.apa.org/boob

  1. area-based cohort study: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    risk of mortality associated with HT use varies depending on the specific, comorbidity, depression, physical and mental incapacities, indicated no significant association between...

  2. SNRE MS and MLA Career Information From 2009-2010 the School of Natural Resources and Environment graduated 122 MS and MLA students.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    , Davis (Program Manager, Sustainable Transportation Energy Pathways Program) Private Apex Wind Energy International (LCA Specialist) H.T. Harvey and Associates (Landscape Design Intern*) ICF International (Impacts

  3. NDE Development for ACERT Engine Components

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ACERT ENGINE COMPONENTS J. G. Sun Argonne National Laboratory Collaborators: Jeff Jensen, Nate Phillips Caterpillar, Inc. HT Lin, Mike Kass, D. Ray Johnson Oak Ridge National...

  4. LSH-TC V1.O

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002520WKSTN00 Locality sensitive hashing-based traffic classifier  https://computation.llnl.gov/casc/dcca-pub/dcca/downloads.ht 

  5. Enantioselective Total Synthesis of Bistramide A Michael T. Crimmins* and Amy C. DeBaillie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /mL for the P388/dox, B16, HT29, and NSCLC-N6 cell lines.3 Studies have shown that bistramide A is cell

  6. WEATHER, p. 2 Volume 134, Number 11 Tuesday, March 11, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    professor returns for talk on fandoms Arts, p. 8 A MIdSuMMER NIgHT'S dREAM ArtsEmerson production delights

  7. Investigation of the Role of Trap States in Solar Cell Reliability using Photothermal Deflection Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bezryadina, Anna Sergeyevna

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    parameters for photovoltaic performance are the open-circuitHowever, P3HT photovoltaic devices’ performance degradesphotovoltaic efficiency decreases; however, for some materials, like NPs, the performance

  8. Structural Integration of Silicon Solar Cells and Lithium-ion Batteries Using Printed Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Jin Sung

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hahn, H. T. , "Photovoltaic Performance of Amorphous SiliconHahn, H. T. , "Photovoltaic Performance of Amorphous SiliconYS, Hahn HT. Photovoltaic Performance of Amorphous Silicon

  9. DI-MMAP V.1.0

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002804WKSTN00 Data-Intensive Memory-Map simulator and runtime  https://computation.llnl.gov/casc/dcca-pub/dcca/downloads.ht 

  10. acid cycle counters: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Design to Counter Electromagnetic Interrogation of Targets Mathematics Websites Summary: Stealth Design to Counter Electromagnetic Interrogation of Targets H.T. Banks, K. Ito,...

  11. acorde scintillator counters: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Design to Counter Electromagnetic Interrogation of Targets Mathematics Websites Summary: Stealth Design to Counter Electromagnetic Interrogation of Targets H.T. Banks, K. Ito,...

  12. Photoelectrical, optical, and transport properties of poly (3-hexylthiophene)-zinc sulfide hybrid nanocomposites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, Beerandra; Kaur, Amarjeet, E-mail: amarkaur@physics.du.ac.in [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007 (India)

    2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We have synthesized nanocomposites of poly (3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) at 273?K and zinc sulfide (ZnS) nanoparticles at 353?K by the chemical route method. The synthesis of these nanocomposites is confirmed by UV-visible, high resolution transmission electron microscope, and Raman spectroscopy. We have measured photocurrent of P3HT using 50?W tungsten lamp. The photoconductivity increases with concentration of ZnS in P3HT-ZnS composite. Temperature dependent dc conductivity of P3HT and its nanocomposites have been thoroughly investigated in light of Mott's variable range hopping.

  13. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment of Environmental Estrogens in Marine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlenk, D

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    females exposed to 4 different DDT concentration-groupings:HT collected from sediments with DDT values below detectionsignificant relationships with DDT sediment concentrations

  14. asme turbo expo: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summer Conference Mathematics Websites Summary: Proceedings of HT-FED2004 2004 ASME Heat TransferFluids Engineering Summer Conference Charlotte range of industrial...

  15. Monitoring Morphological Changes in 2D Monolayer Semiconductors Using Atom-Thick Plasmonic Nanocavities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sigle, Daniel O.; Mertens, Jan; Herrmann, Lars O.; Bowman, Richard W.; Ithurria, Sandrine; Dubertret, Benoit; Shi, Yumeng; Yang, Hui Ying; Tserkezis, Christos; Aizpurua, Javier; Baumberg, Jeremy J.

    2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    coupled modes. One weaker mode corresponds to transverse dipolar charge oscillations inside the NP alone (𝑇𝑇).7,9–11 However, the dominant modes shift to the red due to longitudinal coupling between the NP and its image in the mirror surface, forming... -ion-beam milling, mounted on a TEM grid using a nanomanipulator and polished down to a thickness of ~100nm. DF-STEM imaging was performed in a Hitachi S-5500 SEM at 30kV acceleration voltage. Theory simulations: Exact simulations are carried out using...

  16. Repetitive Ultra-low Stress Induced Nanocrystallization in Amorphous Cu?Zr?Al Alloy Evidenced by in situ Nanoindentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Y.; Jian, J.; Lee, J. H.; Wang, C.; Cao, Q. P.; Gutierrez, C.; Wang, H.; Jiang, J. Z.; Zhang, X.

    2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    sputtering system (DCMS, JZCK-400) by using a crystalline Cu45Zr48Al7 target. The composition of the films examined by electron-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy in a field-emission scanning electron micro- scope (FE-SEM, Hitachi S-4800) was Cu44Zr44Al12... C, Li C, Inoue A, Haas V. Deformation behavior of Zr- based bulk nanocrystalline amorphous alloys. Phys Rev B. 2000;61:R3761–R3763. [24] Chen M, Inoue A, Zhang W, Sakurai T. Extraordinary plasticity of ductile bulk metallic glasses. Phys Rev Lett...

  17. Instruments/Capabilities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) EnvironmentalGyroSolé(tm)HydrogenRFPTri-PartyForTheAppendix forCapabilities: Hitachi

  18. Hohsen Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergyFarms AHefei SungrowHelukabel GmbHHigherHitachiHohsen

  19. Hobe Sound, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEIHesperia, California: Energy ResourcesNewHirschfeldHitachi

  20. Hodges Badge | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEIHesperia, California: Energy ResourcesNewHirschfeldHitachiHodges

  1. Feature Reinforcement Learning In Practice September 9, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutter, Marcus

    Feature Reinforcement Learning In Practice #12;Problems Robotic control in an unknown environment Feature #12;Problem formulation ht = a1o1r1o2r2a2 . . . otrt at = Agent(ht) ot+1rt+1 = Environment (Closed Finite State Machines) Markov trees are trees where given st and at, ot+1, we know st+1 Parallel

  2. ISIT2000, Sorrento, Italy, June 2530, 2000 Constabent Properties of Golay-Davis-Jedwab Sequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Matthew Geoffrey

    , respectively, have completely flat power profile. Extensive computation suggests that bipo- lar GDJ sequences always have flat or near-flat HTs, NHTs and CHTs. It is conjectured that these sequences are the unique. The Constahadamard Transform The Walsh-Hadamard Transform (HT), Ht, is constructed from the direct product of 2-point

  3. ISIT2000, Sorrento, Italy, June 25--30, 2000 Constabent Properties of GolayDavisJedwab Sequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Matthew Geoffrey

    , respectively, have completely flat power profile. Extensive computation suggests that bipo­ lar GDJ sequences always have flat or near­flat HTs, NHTs and CHTs. It is conjectured that these sequences are the unique Transform The Walsh­Hadamard Transform (HT), Ht , is constructed from the direct product of 2­point DFT

  4. IOP PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A: MATHEMATICAL AND THEORETICAL J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 42 (2009) 365303 (9pp) doi:10.1088/1751-8113/42/36/365303

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, Michael Victor

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by spins driven by changing magnetic fields, and implies that any spin expectation history, including those be regarded as a `reverse engineering' perspective, it is easy to find Hamiltonians ^H(t), associated with any between them, even if is large. We give a general formula for ^H(t) in section 2. An example is spins

  5. A New Approach for Line Recognition in Large-size Images Using Hough Transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyu, Michael R.

    is very time- efficient for large-size images. 1. Introduction Hough Transform (HT) is a powerful toolA New Approach for Line Recognition in Large-size Images Using Hough Transform Jiqiang Song, Min Transform (HT) has been limited to small-size images for a long time. For large-size images, the peak

  6. Measurement of the ratio of the 3-jet to 2-jet cross sections in pp collisions at ?s = 7 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyslouch, Boleslaw

    A measurement of the ratio of the inclusive 3-jet to 2-jet cross sections as a function of the total jet transverse momentum, HT, in the range 0.2<HT<2.5 TeV is presented. The data have been collected at a proton–proton ...

  7. RAPID COMMUNICATION NMDA Receptor-Mediated Oscillatory Activity in the Neonatal Rat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manitoba, University of

    . In the lamprey, application of 5-HT de-receptor-induced membrane voltage oscillations was examined us- creases, monitored via flexor and mediated intrinsic voltage oscillations in spinal neuronsextensor electroneurograms-HT receptor antagonists. Intrinsic motoneuronal voltage oscillations, induced by NMDA in the presence

  8. Quadratic Diffusion Monte-Carlo Algorithms for Solving Atomic Many-Body Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Siu A.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , or LGV2c, then, as discussed in Sec. II, the normalization energy would converge quadratically, despite that fact that the ground state of (28} only converges linearly. Genuine second-order algorithms can be obtained via ?ht(EL E)/2 gtL ht(EL E)/27'=e...

  9. SUPPORTING INFORMATION Unexpected hole transfer leads to high efficiency single-walled

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, Zhaohui

    nanotube hybrid photovoltaic Nanditha M. Dissanayake, Zhaohui Zhong* Department of Electrical Engineering. To form SWNT/P3HT photovoltaic devices, 65 nm thick film of P3HT (American Dye Source, 10 mg mask on ITO to protect samples against environmental degradation. Impressively, the device

  10. Fluorescence Assay 2. http://www.tgrbio.com/cancer-cell-lines-primary-cell-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    hazardous waste. Fluorescence microscopy is a powerful tool with a broad scope of applications easily fluorescence microscopy. In creating an innovative protocol for the 5-HT3a receptor, it is necessary-HT3a Expression Purification/Characterization While creating a protocol for protein expression

  11. Size, Solubility, and the Serotonin-Gated Ion Channel Receptor: In Search of an Improved Extracellular Domain Model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Emily S

    2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The 5-HT3 receptor (5-HT3R) is the only serotonin receptor that is not a G-coupled protein receptor. It has been implicated as a contributor to cytotoxic drug-evoked emesis, irritable bowel syndrome, pruritis, schizophrenia, Parkinson disease...

  12. New mechanism-based anticancer drugs that act as orphan nuclear receptor agonists

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chintharlapalli, Sudhakar Reddy

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    ?³ (PPAR�³) agonists that exhibit antitumorigenic activity. In this study, the PPAR�³-active compounds decreased HT-29, HCT-15, RKO, HCT116 and SW480 colon cancer cell survival and KU7 and 253JB-V33 bladder cancer cell survival. In HT- 29, HCT-15, SW480...

  13. JV Task 126 - Mercury Control Technologies for Electric Utilities Burning Bituminous Coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jason Laumb; John Kay; Michael Jones; Brandon Pavlish; Nicholas Lentz; Donald McCollor; Kevin Galbreath

    2009-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The EERC developed an applied research consortium project to test cost-effective mercury (Hg) control technologies for utilities burning bituminous coals. The project goal was to test innovative Hg control technologies that have the potential to reduce Hg emissions from bituminous coal-fired power plants by {ge}90% at costs of one-half to three-quarters of current estimates for activated carbon injection (ACI). Hg control technology evaluations were performed using the EERC's combustion test facility (CTF). The CTF was fired on pulverized bituminous coals at 550,000 Btu/hr (580 MJ/hr). The CTF was configured with the following air pollution control devices (APCDs): selective catalytic reduction (SCR) unit, electrostatic precipitator (ESP), and wet flue gas desulfurization system (WFDS). The Hg control technologies investigated as part of this project included ACI (three Norit Americas, Inc., and eleven Envergex sorbents), elemental mercury (Hg{sup 0}) oxidation catalysts (i.e., the noble metals in Hitachi Zosen, Cormetech, and Hitachi SCR catalysts), sorbent enhancement additives (SEAs) (a proprietary EERC additive, trona, and limestone), and blending with a Powder River Basin (PRB) subbituminous coal. These Hg control technologies were evaluated separately, and many were also tested in combination.

  14. Electronic Excitations and Metal-Insulator Transition inPoly(3-hexylthiophene) Organic Field-Effect Transistors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sai, N.; Li, Z.Q.; Martin, M.C.; Basov, D.N.; Di Ventra, M.

    2006-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We carry out a comprehensive theoretical and experimentalstudy of charge injection in poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) to determinethe most likely scenario for metal-insulator transition in this system.Wecalculate the optical-absorption frequencies corresponding to a polaronand a bipolaron lattice in P3HT. We also analyze the electronicexcitations for three possible scenarios under which a first- or asecond-order metal-insulator transition can occur in doped P3HT. Thesetheoretical scenarios are compared with data from infrared absorptionspectroscopy on P3HT thin-film field-effect transistors (FETs). Ourmeasurements and theoretical predictions suggest that charge-inducedlocalized states in P3HT FETs are bipolarons and that the highest dopinglevel achieved in our experiments approaches that required for afirst-order metal-insulator transition.

  15. Helical tomotherapy with dynamic running-start-stop delivery compared to conventional tomotherapy delivery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rong, Yi, E-mail: yi.rong@osumc.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Chen, Yu; Lu, Weiguo [21st Century Oncology, Madison, Wisconsin 53719 (United States)] [21st Century Oncology, Madison, Wisconsin 53719 (United States); Shang, Lu [Guangxi Polytechnic of Construction and Technology, Nanning (China)] [Guangxi Polytechnic of Construction and Technology, Nanning (China); Zuo, Li [Radiologic Sciences and Respiratory Therapy Division, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Radiologic Sciences and Respiratory Therapy Division, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Chen, Quan [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 (United States)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Despite superior target dose uniformity, helical tomotherapy{sup ®} (HT) may involve a trade-off between longitudinal dose conformity and beam-on time (BOT), due to the limitation of only three available jaw sizes with the conventional HT (1.0, 2.5, and 5.0 cm). The recently introduced dynamic running-start-stop (RSS) delivery allows smaller jaw opening at the superior and inferior ends of the target when a sharp penumbra is needed. This study compared the dosimetric performance of RSS delivery with the fixed jaw HT delivery. Methods: Twenty patient cases were selected and deidentified prior to treatment planning, including 16 common clinical cases (brain, head and neck (HN), lung, and prostate) and four special cases of whole brain with hippocampus avoidance (WBHA) that require a high degree of dose modulation. HT plans were generated for common clinical cases using the fixed 2.5 cm jaw width (HT2.5) and WBHA cases using 1.0 cm (HT1.0). The jaw widths for RSS were preset with a larger size (RSS5.0 vs HT2.5 and RSS2.5 vs HT1.0). Both delivery techniques were planned based on identical contours, prescriptions, and planning objectives. Dose indices for targets and critical organs were compared using dose-volume histograms, BOT, and monitor units. Results: The average BOT was reduced from 4.8 min with HT2.5 to 2.5 min with RSS5.0. Target dose homogeneity with RSS5.0 was shown comparable to HT2.5 for common clinical sites. Superior normal tissue sparing was observed in RSS5.0 for optic nerves and optic chiasm in brain and HN cases. RSS5.0 demonstrated improved dose sparing for cord and esophagus in lung cases, as well as penile bulb in prostate cases. The mean body dose was comparable for both techniques. For the WBHA cases, the target homogeneity was significantly degraded in RSS2.5 without distinct dose sparing for hippocampus, compared to HT1.0. Conclusions: Compared to the fixed jaw HT delivery, RSS combined with a larger jaw width provides faster treatment delivery and improved cranial-caudal target dose conformity. The target coverage achieved by RSS with a large jaw width is comparable to the fixed jaw HT delivery for common cancer sites, but may deteriorate for cases where complex geometry is present in the middle part of the target.

  16. Markers of serotonergic function in the orbitofrontal cortex and dorsal raphé nucleus predict individual variation in spatial-discrimination serial reversal learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barlow, Rebecca L.; Alsiö, Johan; Jupp, Bianca; Rabinovich, Rebecca; Shrestha, Saurav; Roberts, Angela C.; Robbins, Trevor W.; Dalley, Jeffrey W.

    2015-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    animals depleted of 5-HT, both 84 4 globally (Mobini et al, 2000) and locally in the OFC (Clarke et al, 2004). In rats, 5-HT2A and 85 5-HT2C receptors bi-directionally modulate reversal learning (Boulougouris et al, 2008), 86 putatively at the level... enclosed in a sound-attenuating box fitted with a fan for ventilation and masking of external 128 noise. An array of five square nose-poke holes was set in the curved wall of each box. An 129 infrared detector was positioned across each nose poke aperture...

  17. Enhanced performance of polymer:fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells upon graphene addition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robaeys, Pieter, E-mail: pieter.robaeys@uhasselt.be; Dierckx, Wouter; Dexters, Wim; Spoltore, Donato; Drijkoningen, Jeroen [Institute for Materials Research (IMO), Hasselt University (Belgium); Bonaccorso, Francesco [Cambridge Graphene Centre, University of Cambridge, 9 JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge (United Kingdom); Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Graphene Labs, Via Morego 30, 16163 Genova (Italy); Bourgeois, Emilie; D'Haen, Jan; Haenen, Ken; Manca, Jean V.; Nesladek, Milos [Institute for Materials Research (IMO), Hasselt University (Belgium); IMOMEC, IMEC vzw (Belgium); Liesenborgs, Jori; Van Reeth, Frank [Expertise centre for Digital Media (EDM), Hasselt University (Belgium); Lombardo, Antonio; Ferrari, Andrea C. [Cambridge Graphene Centre, University of Cambridge, 9 JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge (United Kingdom)

    2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphene has potential for applications in solar cells. We show that the short circuit current density of P3HT (Poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl):PCBM((6,6)-Phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester) solar cells is enhanced by 10% upon the addition of graphene, with a 15% increase in the photon to electric conversion efficiency. We discuss the performance enhancement by studying the crystallization of P3HT, as well as the electrical transport properties. We show that graphene improves the balance between electron and hole mobilities with respect to a standard P3HT:PCBM solar cell.

  18. Energy level alignment in polymer organic solar cells at donor-acceptor planar junction formed by electrospray vacuum deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Ji-Hoon; Hong, Jong-Am; Kwon, Dae-Gyeon; Seo, Jaewon; Park, Yongsup, E-mail: parky@khu.ac.kr [Department of Physics and Research Institute for Basic Sciences, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Using ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS), we have measured the energy level offset at the planar interface between poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and C{sub 61}-butyric acid methylester (PCBM). Gradual deposition of PCBM onto spin-coated P3HT in high vacuum was made possible by using electrospray vacuum deposition (EVD). The UPS measurement of EVD-prepared planar interface resulted in the energy level offset of 0.91?eV between P3HT HOMO and PCBM LUMO, which is considered as the upper limit of V{sub oc} of the organic photovoltaic cells.

  19. Some differences between Dirac's hole theory and quantum field theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dan Solomon

    2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Diracs hole theory (HT) and quantum field theory (QFT) are generally considered to be equivalent to each other. However, it has been recently shown by several researchers that this is not necessarily the case. When the change in the vacuum energy was calculated for a time independent perturbation HT and QFT yielded different results. In this paper we extend this discussion to include a time dependent perturbation for which the exact solution to the Dirac equation is known. It will be shown that for this case, also, HT and QFT yield different results. In addition, there will be some discussion of the problem of anomalies in QFT.

  20. ASME 2008 Summer Heat transfer Conference August 10-14, 2008, Jacksonville, FL., USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    ASME 2008 Summer Heat transfer Conference August 10-14, 2008, Jacksonville, FL., USA HT2008, University of Victoria Victoria, BC , V8W 2Y2, Canada ABSTRACT Accurate information on the temperature eld

  1. Effect of Self-Assembled Monolayers on Charge Injection and Transport...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (rr-P3HT) based field-effect transistors (FETs), wherein the Au source and drain contacts are modified by self-assembled monolayers (SAMs), is reported at different...

  2. Enhanced Oil Recovery in High Salinity High Temperature Reservoir by Chemical Flooding 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bataweel, Mohammed Abdullah

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Studying chemical enhanced oil recovery (EOR) in a high-temperature/high-salinity (HT/HS) reservoir will help expand the application of chemical EOR to more challenging environments. Until recently, chemical EOR was not recommended at reservoirs...

  3. STR/ITS: Instrument Selection

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    , He ZR Tank NX 3 , CX 4 , X 2 O Stripper ZR Glovebox X 2 O, NX 3 , O 2 , sulfurs, hydrocarbons, CO 2 , CO TCAP HT-TCAP P- Evac Feed Recovery Beds Product & Feed headers X 2 ,...

  4. U.S. Bamboo house of the future : standardizing ecological living

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Lucy Lai

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis focuses on ecological living through the use of bamboo. It explores how the material can be used for methods of prefabricated housing design within the United States. It also uses a "ht of parts" and describes ...

  5. Characterization of polyparaphenylene subjected to different heat treatment temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.D.M.; Matthews, M.J.; Marucci, A.; Pimenta, M.A.; Dresselhaus, M.S.; Endo, M.; Hiraoka, T.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors investigated the structural and electronic properties of samples of polyparaphenylene (PPP), derived from two synthesis methods (the Kovacic and Yamamoto methods). These samples have been subjected to different heat-treatment temperatures (650 C {le} T{sub HT} {le} 2,000 C) and their properties are compared to the polymer prior to heat-treatment (T{sub HT} = 0 C). The photoluminescence (PL) spectra of heat-treated PPP based on the two synthesis methods reflects the differences in electronic structure of the starting polymers. The PL emission from the heat-treated Yamamoto polymer is quenched at much lower T{sub HT} than from the Kovacic material. However, Raman spectra taken of the material resulting from heat-treatment of the polymer (using both preparation methods) indicate the presence of phonon modes for PPP in samples at T{sub HT} up to 650 C.

  6. pages 249, 252, 256

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    from the bin Will be a type 1 battery With probability pi, 2 pi = 1. If a randomly chosen battery is still operating after 1' hours of use wh ' L1 ' ' ' ' - . . at is e robab ht

  7. Enhanced Oil Recovery in High Salinity High Temperature Reservoir by Chemical Flooding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bataweel, Mohammed Abdullah

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Studying chemical enhanced oil recovery (EOR) in a high-temperature/high-salinity (HT/HS) reservoir will help expand the application of chemical EOR to more challenging environments. Until recently, chemical EOR was not recommended at reservoirs...

  8. DMBC: Web Planning & Layouts Above the Fold

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stowell, Michael

    DMBC: Web Planning & Layouts Above the Fold · · Website Heig Website width ht Important content - lipsum.com) Media Placeholders g & Organization · · Triad C C S· hades · Custom F Web Layouts Photosho

  9. http://www.cs.nuim.ie Tel: +353 1 7083847 Fax: +353 1 7083848 National University of Ireland, Maynooth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woods, Damien

    , Maynooth MAYNOOTH, CO. KILDARE, IRELAND. DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE, TECHNICAL REPORT SERIES chlorop hy ll m olecu les. 2 .1 L ig ht dependant phase T he light d ep end ant p hase tak es p lace

  10. Measurement of the Ratio of the 3-jet to 2-jet Cross Sections in pp Collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chatrchyan, Serguei [Yerevan Physics Inst. (Armenia); et al.

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A measurement of the ratio of the inclusive 3-jet to 2-jet cross sections as a function of the total jet transverse momentum, HT, in the range 0.2 < HT < 2.5 TeV is presented. The data have been collected at a proton-proton centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 36 inverse picobarns. Comparisons are made between the data and the predictions of different QCD-based Monte Carlo models for multijet production. All models considered in this study are consistent with the data for HT > 0.5 TeV. This measurement extends to an HT range that has not been explored before.

  11. A comparative study of the complexation of Np(V) with N,N-dimethyl-3-oxa-glutaramic acid and related ligands: thermodynamics, optical properties and structural aspects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Linfeng

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P. Zhang, J. Wang and L. Rao, Solv. Extr. Ion Exch. 2005, Y.G. Modolo, C. Madic and F. Testard, Solv. Extr. Ion Exch. H.T. Yaita and S. Tachimori, Solv. Extr. Ion Exch. 2004, 22,

  12. HIGH-TECH BUILDINGS MARKET TRANSFORMATION PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-49112 HT-457 HIGH-TECH BUILDINGS MARKET TRANSFORMATION PROJECT Cleanroom Energy Benchmarking High-Performance Fume Hood Demonstration/Test Market Transformation Activities FINAL REPORT ........................................................................................3 Market Transformation Activities

  13. Durability of Diesel Engine Particulate Filters

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Durability of Diesel Engine Particulate Filters Thomas Watkins, Amit Shyam, H.T. Lin, Edgar Lara-Curzio and Amit Pandey; ORNL Randall Stafford; Cummins Inc. Sponsored by U.S....

  14. Self-Assembly of Semiconducting Polymers and Fullerenes for Photovoltaic Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huber, Rachel Colleen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Photodiodes from Interpenetrating Polymer Networks. NaturePolymer Solar Cells with Nanoscale Control of the Interpenetrating Networkpolymers, the P3HT cannot phase separate as easily, so an ideal interpenetrating BHJ network

  15. adult human neocortex: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    memory systems. James L. McClelland; Bruce L. McNaughton; Randall C. O& apos; Reilly 1995-01-01 44 5-HT2A Receptor-Mediated Regulation of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor...

  16. Ring-opening metathesis polymerization of 3-substituted cyclooctenes initiated by group 6 alkylidene complexes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozera, Daniel James

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The highly cis,head-to-tail (cis,HT) selective ring-opening metathesis polymerization of 3-substituted cyclooctenes (3-RCOE; R = methyl, hexyl, phenyl) initiated by high oxidation state M and W alkylidene complexes is ...

  17. London School of Hygiene & Tropical The School is a world-leading centre for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maizels, Rick

    London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine The School is a world-leading centre for research information Registry London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine Keppel Street London WC1E 7HT UNITED KINGDOM

  18. activated receptor gamma: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    postsynaptic 5-HT,A receptors. Recently, (more) Arborelius, Lotta 1996-01-01 47 Gamma Ray Bursts and Radio Loud Active Galactic Nuclei Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: We believe...

  19. Historic preservation and heritage tourism in Texas: an integrated approach to sustainable heritage management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Rabady, Rama Ibrahim

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study assesses the efforts of the State Historic Preservation Office in relating Historic Preservation (HP) with Heritage Tourism (HT) against principles of sustainability. It also seeks to contribute toward an integrated heritage management...

  20. 1665.ps.gz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May 23, 2007 ... inequalities (6–7) of (SCF3). By Corollary 3.1 we have. ?. ?. ?h. T {?xf(x)}µ?. ?. ? = ?. ?. ?¯h. T D. ˜. D¯g???. ? ?¯hT DDT ¯.

  1. Metallurgical characterization of self catalytic structural materials for sulfuric acid decomposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rigual, David Andrés

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Eight heats of material with base alloy chemistries of Alloys 800 HT or 617 with platinum additions of 2, 5, 15, or 30 wt% have been characterized according to their microstructural features. The goals of characterization ...

  2. Theory of Current Transients in Planar Semiconductor Devices: Insights and Applications to Organic Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawks, SA; Finck, BY; Schwartz, BJ

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a polythiophene:fullerene solar cell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92,polymer: fullerene solar cells made by solution-sequentialmeasurements of P3HT:PCBM solar cells, Adv. Energy Mater. 2,

  3. CSC 2400: Computer Systems I Characters in C"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NUL SOH STX ETX EOT ENQ ACK BEL BS HT LF VT FF CR SO SI 16 DLE DC1 DC2 DC3 DC4 NAK SYN ETB CAN EM SUB

  4. CSC 2400: Computer Systems I Characters in C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    13 14 15 0 NUL SOH STX ETX EOT ENQ ACK BEL BS HT LF VT FF CR SO SI 16 DLE DC1 DC2 DC3 DC4 NAK SYN ETB

  5. CSC 2400: Computer Systems Using char for Charactersg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    13 14 15 0 NUL SOH STX ETX EOT ENQ ACK BEL BS HT LF VT FF CR SO SI 16 DLE DC1 DC2 DC3 DC4 NAK SYN ETB

  6. Serotonin signaling in C. elegans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustafson, Megan Alyse

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wild-type animals that have been acutely food deprived slow their locomotory rate upon encountering bacteria more than do well-fed animals. This behavior, called the enhanced slowing response, is partly serotonin (5-HT) ...

  7. YU ET AL. VOL. 5 ' NO. 5 ' 35593567 ' 2011 www.acsnano.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geohegan, David B.

    -hexylthiophene) (rr- P3HT) is a benchmark conjugated polymer for organic eld-e ect transistors and organic solar the insulating blocks on the surface oftheactivelayerleadingtoself-encapsulation for signi cantimprovementsin

  8. To appear: SEKE '99, June 17-19, Kaiserslautern, Germany. Available from research.ivv.nasa.gov/docs/techreports/1999/NASA-IVV-99-007.pdf. WP:b/99/seke/words(May 11, 1999).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menzies, Tim

    Drive, Fairmont WV 26554 yRST Corporation, Suite#250, 21515 Ridgetop Circle, Sterling a few probes. HT0 is a software test engine that assumes rapid saturation. Instead of exploring all

  9. b~-AM '2_ ,{ (

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popescu, Cristian D.

    ...:T- 2) T dcJ e s }c u'VL ht;L.!) Is) (/'.) ~ct T dues h a._ I/ IJ 1- ·~ /$ LA-ru.J 7 ~wti~J ;) #12;I {It

  10. Inferential Challenges in Constructing Dynamic Treatment Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Susan A.

    individual O1,a1,O2,a2,...,OT,aT,OT+1 Ot: Observation available at the tth stage at: Treatment / action at the tth stage Ht = {O1,a1,O2,...,at-1,Ot}: History available at the tth stage dt(Ht): Decision rule with training agents (e.g., a robot) to learn and act in an unknown environment. Both are multi-stage decision

  11. The metabolic fate of 4†, 15-diacetoxy-8?-(3- methylbutyryloxy-3?- hydroxy-12, 13-epoxytrichothec-[delta]9-ene (T-2 toxin) in bovine rumen fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munger, Craig Evans

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    luorophosphate 55 9. Metabolic Transformation of Acetyl HT-2 Toxin in Bovine Rumen Fluid Both With and Without Added Diisopropylfluorophosphate ~ . . ~ ~ 56 10. Metabolic Transformation of HT-2 Toxin in Bovine Rumen Fluid Wirh Added... Metabolism of T-2 Toxin in Rats 33 8. Representation of Thin Layer Chromatographic (TLC) Behavior of T-2 Toxin and its Netabolites Generated in Bovine Rumen Fluid 9. Proton NNR of Acetyl T-2 Toxin Standard and Isolated Metabolite 42 47 10. Nass...

  12. SYMMETRIC STABLE PROCESSES IN CONES 1. Introduction For x ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodrigo BaŒuelos

    2002-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    On the other hand the Martin kernel at 0 for ? in Example 3.3 is K(x) = ..... (27). ? lim sup t?? t?/? Px{?? > t}. ? C3|x|?M(x/|x|) and. C. ?1. 4 |x|d??+2?. ? lim inf ..... By scaling we have that for all s, t > 0 and x ? Rd, hs(sx) = ht(tx) or hs(x) = ht(.

  13. Communications to the Editor Evidence of a Novel Side Chain Structure in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullough, Richard D.

    -dodecylthiophene) (R-P3DDT), with 98% head- to-tail (HT) coupling of the alkyl side chains along the backbone, has" counterpart (IR-P3DDT) having only 75% HT linkages. R-P3DDT, which contains a high proportion of insulating samples studied, R-P3DDT and R-P3OT, i.e. poly(3-octylthiophene). This lamellar phase is found

  14. Enhanced mercury oxidation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gretta, W.J.; Wu, S.; Kikkawa, H. [Hitachi Power Systems America, Basting Ridge, NJ (United States)

    2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A new catalyst offers a new way to enhance mercury control from bituminous coal-fired power plants. Hitachi has developed an SCR catalyst which satisfies high Hg{sup 0} oxidation and low SO{sub 2} oxidation requirements under high temperatures (716 to 770 F). This triple action catalysts, TRAC can significantly enhance mercury oxidation and reduce or eliminate the need for additional mercury control measures such as activated carbon injection. After laboratory testing, pilot-scale tests confirmed an activity of 1.4-1.7 times higher than that of conventional SCR catalyst. The new catalyst has been successfully applied in a commercial PRB-fired boiler without the need for halogens to be added to the fuel feed or flue gas. 2 figs.

  15. FBIS report. Science and technology: Japan, December 10, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Contents (partial): Japan: Fabrication of Diamond Single Crystal Thin Film by Ion Beam Deposition; Japan: Hitachi Metal Develops New Semi Solid Metal Processing Technology; Japan: NTT Develops Fuel Cell System That Uses Both City Gas, LPG; Japan: Daihatsu Motor Completes Prototype EV; Japan: NIRIM Announces Success With Synthetic Bone Development; Japan: Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Plans Clinical Trials of Gene Therapy to Cerebral Tumor in Japan; Japan: MITI To Provide Aid for Residential Solar Power Generation Systems; Japan: MELCO To Provide Satellite Solar Cell Panel for SSL, USA; Japan: Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute Leads Nuclear Research; Japan: Kobe Steel`s Superconducting Magnet Ready to Go Fast; Japan: MPT To Begin Validation Test for Electric Money Implementation; and Japan: Defense Agency to Send ASDF`s Pilots to Russia for Training.

  16. International trade and waste and fuel managment issue, 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

    2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of the January-February issue is on international trade and waste and fuel managment. Major articles/reports in this issue include: New plants with high safety and availability, by Bill Poirier, Westinghouse Electric Company; Increased reliability and competitiveness, by Russell E. Stachowski, GE Energy, Nuclear; Fuel for long-term supply of nuclear power, by Kumiaki Moriya, Hitachi, Ltd., Japan; Super high burnup fuel, By Noboru Itagaki and Tamotsu Murata, Nuclear Fuel Industries LTD., Japan; Zero fuel failures by 2010, by Tom Patten, AREVA NP Inc.; Decommissioning opportunities in the UK, by David Brown and William Thorn, US Department of Commerce; Industry's three challenges, by Dale E. Klein, US Nuclear Regulatory Commission; and, A step ahead of the current ABWR's, compiled by Claire Zurek, GE Energy.

  17. International trade and waste and fuel managment issue, 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of the January-February issue is on international trade and waste and fuel managment. Major articles/reports in this issue include: A global solution for clients, by Yves Linz, AREVA NP; A safer, secure and economical plant, by Andy White, GE Hitachi Nuclear; Robust global prospects, by Ken Petrunik, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited; Development of NPPs in China, by Chen Changbing and Li Huiqiang, Huazhong University of Science and Technology; Yucca Mountain update; and, A class of its own, by Tyler Lamberts, Entergy Nuclear. The Industry Innovation articles in this issue are: Fuel assembly inspection program, by Jim Lemons, Tennessee Valley Authority; and, Improved in-core fuel shuffle for reduced refueling duration, by James Tusar, Exelon Nuclear.

  18. Influence of Hold Time on Creep-Fatigue Behavior of an Advanced Austenitic Alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark Carroll; Laura Carroll

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An advanced austenitic alloy, HT-UPS (high temperature-ultrafine precipitate strengthened), is a candidate material for the structural components of fast reactors and energy-conversion systems. HT-UPS provides improved creep resistance through a composition based on 316 stainless steel (SS) with additions of Ti and Nb to form nano-scale MC precipitates in the austenitic matrix. The low cycle fatigue and creep-fatigue behavior of a HT-UPS alloy has been investigated at 650 C, 1.0% total strain, and an R ratio of -1 with hold times as long as 9000 sec at peak tensile strain. The cyclic deformation response of HT-UPS is compared to that of 316 SS. The cycles to failure are similar, despite differences in peak stress profiles and the deformed microstructures. Cracking in both alloys is transgranular (initiation and propagation) in the case of continuous cycle fatigue, while the primary cracks also propagate transgranularly during creep-fatigue cycling. Internal grain boundary damage as a result of the tensile hold is present in the form of fine cracks for hold times of 3600 sec and longer and substantially more internal cracks are visible in 316 SS than HT-UPS. The dislocation substructures observed in the deformed material are different. An equiaxed cellular structure is observed in 316 SS, whereas tangles of dislocations are present at the nanoscale MC precipitates in HT-UPS and no cellular substructure is observed.

  19. Radiotherapy With 8-MHz Radiofrequency-Capacitive Regional Hyperthermia for Stage III Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: The Radiofrequency-Output Power Correlates With the Intraesophageal Temperature and Clinical Outcomes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ohguri, Takayuki [Department of Radiology, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu (Japan)], E-mail: ogurieye@med.uoeh-u.ac.jp; Imada, Hajime; Yahara, Katsuya; Morioka, Tomoaki; Nakano, Keita [Department of Radiology, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu (Japan); Terashima, Hiromi [Department of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Kyushu University, Fukuoka (Japan); Korogi, Yukunori [Department of Radiology, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu (Japan)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To assess the efficacy of radiotherapy (RT) combined with regional hyperthermia (HT) guided by radiofrequency (RF)-output power and intraesophageal temperature and evaluate the potential contribution of HT to clinical outcomes in patients with Stage III non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods and Materials: Thirty-five patients with Stage III NSCLC treated with RT plus regional HT were retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-two of the 35 patients underwent intraesophageal temperature measurements. Patients with subcutaneous fat of 2.5 cm or greater, older age, or other serious complications did not undergo this therapy. The 8-MHz RF-capacitive heating device was applied, and in all patients, both the upper and lower electrodes were 30 cm in diameter, placed on opposite sides of the whole thoracic region, and treatment posture was the prone position. The HT was applied within 15 minutes after RT once or twice a week. Results: All thermal parameters, minimum, maximum, and mean of the four intraesophageal temperature measurements at the end of each session and the proportion of the time during which at least one of the four intraesophageal measurements was 41{sup o}C or higher in the total period of each session of HT, of the intraesophageal temperature significantly correlated with median RF-output power. Median RF-output power ({>=}1,200 W) was a statistically significant prognostic factor for overall, local recurrence-free, and distant metastasis-free survival. Conclusions: The RT combined with regional HT using a higher RF-output power could contribute to better clinical outcomes in patients with Stage III NSCLC. The RF-output power thus may be used as a promising parameter to assess the treatment of deep regional HT if deep heating using this device is performed with the same size electrodes and in the same body posture.

  20. Enhanced regeneration of degraded polymer solar cells by thermal annealing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Pankaj, E-mail: pankaj@mail.nplindia.ernet.in [CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, Dr. K. S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi 110012 (India); Centre for Organic Electronics, Physics, University of Newcastle, Callaghan NSW-2308 (Australia); Bilen, Chhinder; Zhou, Xiaojing; Belcher, Warwick J.; Dastoor, Paul C., E-mail: Paul.Dastoor@newcastle.edu.au [Centre for Organic Electronics, Physics, University of Newcastle, Callaghan NSW-2308 (Australia); Feron, Krishna [Centre for Organic Electronics, Physics, University of Newcastle, Callaghan NSW-2308 (Australia); CSIRO Energy Technology, P. O. Box 330, Newcastle NSW 2300 (Australia)

    2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The degradation and thermal regeneration of poly(3-hexylethiophene) (P3HT):[6,6]-phenyl-C{sub 61}-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) and P3HT:indene-C{sub 60} bisadduct (ICBA) polymer solar cells, with Ca/Al and Ca/Ag cathodes and indium tin oxide/poly(ethylene-dioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate anode have been investigated. Degradation occurs via a combination of three primary pathways: (1) cathodic oxidation, (2) active layer phase segregation, and (3) anodic diffusion. Fully degraded devices were subjected to thermal annealing under inert atmosphere. Degraded solar cells possessing Ca/Ag electrodes were observed to regenerate their performance, whereas solar cells having Ca/Al electrodes exhibited no significant regeneration of device characteristics after thermal annealing. Moreover, the solar cells with a P3HT:ICBA active layer exhibited enhanced regeneration compared to P3HT:PCBM active layer devices as a result of reduced changes to the active layer morphology. Devices combining a Ca/Ag cathode and P3HT:ICBA active layer demonstrated ?50% performance restoration over several degradation/regeneration cycles.

  1. Pressure Resistance Welding of High Temperature Metallic Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N. Jerred; L. Zirker; I. Charit; J. Cole; M. Frary; D. Butt; M. Meyer; K. L. Murty

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pressure Resistance Welding (PRW) is a solid state joining process used for various high temperature metallic materials (Oxide dispersion strengthened alloys of MA957, MA754; martensitic alloy HT-9, tungsten etc.) for advanced nuclear reactor applications. A new PRW machine has been installed at the Center for Advanced Energy Studies (CAES) in Idaho Falls for conducting joining research for nuclear applications. The key emphasis has been on understanding processing-microstructure-property relationships. Initial studies have shown that sound joints can be made between dissimilar materials such as MA957 alloy cladding tubes and HT-9 end plugs, and MA754 and HT-9 coupons. Limited burst testing of MA957/HT-9 joints carried out at various pressures up to 400oC has shown encouraging results in that the joint regions do not develop any cracking. Similar joint strength observations have also been made by performing simple bend tests. Detailed microstructural studies using SEM/EBSD tools and fatigue crack growth studies of MA754/HT-9 joints are ongoing.

  2. A study of cytogenetic relationships between Paspalum species with base chromosome numbers of x=6 and 10

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Marcia Lynn

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    univalents and 1. 61 bivalents; P. intermedium Munro 8 . Nor 0 (2 =2 =20) P. ~ht h h d 2 =16 'th 9. 08 univalents and 3. 46 bivalents and had 2n 26 with 6. 07 univalents and 9. 96 bivalents, which apparently resulted from the fertilization of an unreduced...' of hyb 'd b t t o d'pl 'd P~l p Cross 2n No. hybrids ~R ~A. / 11 No. PNC I II I II P. j g P. ~ht h 158 6-16 0- 5 12. 78 1. 61 P. intermedium (PI310111) x P. ~ht h 16 211 4-16 0- 6 9. 08 3. 46 P. intermedium (PI310111) x P . hath 26 223 6- 8 9...

  3. SR-2508 plus buthionine sulfoximine or SR-2508 alone: effects on the radiation response and the glutathione content of a human tumor xenograft

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lespinasse, F.; Biscay, P.; Malaise, E.P.; Guichard, M.

    1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study determined the radiosensitivity of the human tumor xenograft HT29 and its glutathione (GSH) and cysteine (CYS) contents after treatment with both buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) and SR-2508 or SR-2508 alone. Tumor radiosensitivity was assessed by the in vitro colony assay and thiol content was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. The radiosensitizing effect of SR-2508 is dose dependent and increases when higher doses of radiation are given. SR-2508 given alone does not modify GSH and CYS content; however, when given with BSO, the GSH level is significantly reduced, yet radiosensitivity of the HT29 tumor is only slightly increased. These results have been compared to our previously observed results of HT29 treatment with misonidazole (MISO), BSO, or MISO + BSO.

  4. Air drilling operations improved by percussion-bit/hammer-tool tandem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whiteley, M.C.; England, W.P.

    1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Contractors and operators air drill whenever possible to improve rate of penetration (ROP). This is done with pneumatic hammer tools (HT's) and various bit types used with standard rotary air rigs. The recent application of a ''flat-bottomed'' percussion bit (FPB) combined with a custom-designed HT originally developed for mining operations has significantly improved air drilling operations in the Arkoma basin. The improvements include a large increase in ROP, improved hole geometry, reduced drillstring stresses, and a substantial reduction in cost per foot. This paper describes (1) a discussion of the engineering design and operation of the FPB/HT tandem, (2) applications and limitations of the tools, (3) guidelines for optimization of performance, and (4) documentation of field performance on Arkoma basin wells to demonstrate the improvements in air drilling operations.

  5. Effect of electron collecting metal oxide layer in normal and inverted structure polymer solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ng, A.; Liu, X.; Sun, Y. C.; Djuriši?, A. B. [Department of Physics, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, P. R. (China); Ng, A. M. C. [Department of Physics, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, P. R. China and Nanostructure Institute for Energy and Environmental Research, Division of Physical Sciences, South University of Science and Technology of China, Shenzhen (China); Chan, W. K. [Department of Chemistry, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, P. R. (China)

    2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We performed a systematic study of the effect of electron collecting metal oxide layer on the performance of P3HT: PCBM solar cells. Zinc oxide (ZnO) or titanium dioxide (TiO{sub 2}) buffer layers were prepared by either e-beam evaporation or solution processing method. We also compared the photovoltaic performance of inserting the buffer layer between indium tin oxide (ITO) and the polymer layer for the inverted structure (ITO/ ZnO or TiO{sub 2}/P3HT:PCBM/V{sub 2}O{sub 5}/Au) as well as inserting the buffers layers between the polymer and the aluminum electrode for the conventional structure (ITO/V{sub 2}O{sub 5}/P3HT:PCBM/ZnO or TiO{sub 2}/Al). The results are shown in detail.

  6. Block copolymer with simultaneous electric and ionic conduction for use in lithium ion batteries

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Redox reactions that occur at the electrodes of batteries require transport of both ions and electrons to the active centers. Reported is the synthesis of a block copolymer that exhibits simultaneous electronic and ionic conduction. A combination of Grignard metathesis polymerization and click reaction was used successively to synthesize the block copolymer containing regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) segments. The P3HT-PEO/LiTFSI mixture was then used to make a lithium battery cathode with LiFePO.sub.4 as the only other component. All-solid lithium batteries of the cathode described above, a solid electrolyte and a lithium foil as the anode showed capacities within experimental error of the theoretical capacity of the battery. The ability of P3HT-PEO to serve all of the transport and binding functions required in a lithium battery electrode is thus demonstrated.

  7. Ultrasonic absorption associated with tertiary butanol complex formation in cyclohexane solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Musa, Raiq S.

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fY^gl MFe sXFYlFY a^2 vToMVHbMF Xr TXbbVYYll5 LTRA 7 ^ SONIRCBIP vOlMe Xr DlcMHYblFY5 CndnfY hwyp A '.9-n.^ Table of Contents Page Introduction 1 The Two Crystal Method The Apparatus It The Ultrasonic Interferometer ? Methods...^in ldrrln iyouSn du ryn ovfhterdhuw ry^f /2 xIj o1T oeenotf dupnenupnur hT Ttn,^nuiEa 9ht nbocelnw 5oll fyhqnp ryor du qorntw qyntn o1TM yof vnnu hvfntknp rh vn dupnenupnur hT ryn Ttn,^nuiEw dr df ehffdvln rh oiih^ur Tht ryn nbinff ovfhterdhu hknt ryn Brh...

  8. Fatigue and Creep-Fatigue Deformation of an Ultra-Fine Precipitate Strengthened Advanced Austenitic Alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M.C. Carroll; L.J. Carroll

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An advanced austenitic alloy, HT-UPS (high-temperature ultrafine-precipitation-strengthened), has been identified as an ideal candidate material for the structural components of fast reactors and energy-conversion systems. HT-UPS alloys demonstrate improved creep resistance relative to 316 stainless steel (SS) through additions of Ti and Nb, which precipitate to form a widespread dispersion of stable nanoscale metallic carbide (MC) particles in the austenitic matrix. The low-cycle fatigue and creep-fatigue behavior of an HT-UPS alloy have been investigated at 650 °C and a 1.0% total strain, with an R-ratio of -1 and hold times at peak tensile strain as long as 150 min. The cyclic deformation response of HT-UPS is directly compared to that of standard 316 SS. The measured values for total cycles to failure are similar, despite differences in peak stress profiles and in qualitative observations of the deformed microstructures. Crack propagation is primarily transgranular in fatigue and creep-fatigue of both alloys at the investigated conditions. Internal grain boundary damage in the form of fine cracks resulting from the tensile hold is present for hold times of 60 min and longer, and substantially more internal cracks are quantifiable in 316 SS than in HT-UPS. The dislocation substructures observed in the deformed material differ significantly; an equiaxed cellular structure is observed in 316 SS, whereas in HT-UPS the microstructure takes the form of widespread and relatively homogenous tangles of dislocations pinned by the nanoscale MC precipitates. The significant effect of the fine distribution of precipitates on observed fatigue and creep-fatigue response is described in three distinct behavioral regions as it evolves with continued cycling.

  9. Neurotensin-induced Erk1/2 phosphorylation and growth of human colonic cancer cells are independent from growth factors receptors activation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Massa, Fabienne; Tormo, Aurelie; Beraud-Dufour, Sophie; Coppola, Thierry [Institut de Pharmacologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS UMR 6097, 660 route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne (France)] [Institut de Pharmacologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS UMR 6097, 660 route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne (France); Mazella, Jean, E-mail: mazella@ipmc.cnrs.fr [Institut de Pharmacologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS UMR 6097, 660 route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne (France)] [Institut de Pharmacologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS UMR 6097, 660 route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne (France)

    2011-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: {yields} We compare intracellular pathways of NT and EGF in HT29 cells. {yields} NT does not transactivate EGFR. {yields} Transactivation of EGFR is not a general rule in cancer cell growth. -- Abstract: Neurotensin (NT) promotes the proliferation of human colonic cancer cells by undefined mechanisms. We already demonstrated that, in the human colon adenocarcinoma cell line HT29, the effects of NT were mediated by a complex formed between the NT receptor-1 (NTSR1) and-3 (NTSR3). Here we examined cellular mechanisms that led to NT-induced MAP kinase phosphorylation and growth factors receptors transactivation in colonic cancer cells and proliferation in HT29 cells. With the aim to identify upstream signaling involved in NT-elicited MAP kinase activation, we found that the stimulatory effects of the peptide were totally independent from the activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) both in the HT29 and the HCT116 cells. NT was unable to promote phosphorylation of EGFR and to compete with EGF for its binding to the receptor. Pharmacological approaches allowed us to differentiate EGF and NT signaling in HT29 cells since only NT activation of Erk1/2 was shown to be sensitive to PKC inhibitors and since only NT increased the intracellular level of calcium. We also observed that NT was not able to transactivate Insulin-like growth factor receptor. Our findings indicate that, in the HT29 and HCT116 cell lines, NT stimulates MAP kinase phosphorylation and cell growth by a pathway which does not involve EGF system but rather NT receptors which transduce their own intracellular effectors. These results indicate that depending on the cell line used, blocking EGFR is not the general rule to inhibit NT-induced cancer cell proliferation.

  10. Expansion of Michigan EOR Operations Using Advanced Amine Technology at a 600 MW Project Wolverine Carbon Capture and Storage Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    H Hoffman; Y kishinevsky; S. Wu; R. Pardini; E. Tripp; D. Barnes

    2010-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Wolverine Power Supply Cooperative Inc, a member owned cooperative utility based in Cadillac Michigan, proposes to demonstrate the capture, beneficial utilization and storage of CO{sub 2} in the expansion of existing Enhanced Oil Recovery operations. This project is being proposed in response to the US Department of Energy Solicitation DE-FOA-0000015 Section III D, 'Large Scale Industrial CCS projects from Industrial Sources' Technology Area 1. The project will remove 1,000 metric tons per day of CO{sub 2} from the Wolverine Clean Energy Venture 600 MW CFB power plant owned and operated by WPC. CO{sub 2} from the flue gas will be captured using Hitachi's CO{sub 2} capture system and advanced amine technology. The capture system with the advanced amine-based solvent supplied by Hitachi is expected to significantly reduce the cost and energy requirements of CO{sub 2} capture compared to current technologies. The captured CO{sub 2} will be compressed and transported for Enhanced Oil Recovery and CO{sub 2} storage purposes. Enhanced Oil Recovery is a proven concept, widely used to recover otherwise inaccessible petroleum reserves. While post-combustion CO{sub 2} capture technologies have been tested at the pilot scale on coal power plant flue gas, they have not yet been demonstrated at a commercial scale and integrated with EOR and storage operations. Amine-based CO{sub 2} capture is the leading technology expected to be available commercially within this decade to enable CCS for utility and industrial facilities firing coal and waste fuels such as petroleum coke. However, traditional CO{sub 2} capture process utilizing commercial amine solvents is very energy intensive for regeneration and is also susceptible to solvent degradation by oxygen as well as SOx and NO{sub 2} in the flue gas, resulting in large operating costs. The large volume of combustion flue gas with its low CO{sub 2} concentration requires large equipment sizes, which together with the highly corrosive nature of the typical amine-based separation process leads to high plant capital investment. According to recent DOE-NETL studies, MEA-based CCS will increase the cost of electricity of a new pulverized coal plant by 80-85% and reduce the net plant efficiency by about 30%. Non-power industrial facilities will incur similar production output and efficiency penalties when implementing conventional carbon capture systems. The proposed large scale demonstration project combining advanced amine CO{sub 2} capture integrated with commercial EOR operations significantly advances post-combustion technology development toward the DOE objectives of reducing the cost of energy production and improving the efficiency of CO{sub 2} Capture technologies. WPC has assembled a strong multidisciplinary team to meet the objectives of this project. WPC will provide the host site and Hitachi will provide the carbon capture technology and advanced solvent. Burns and Roe bring expertise in overall engineering integration and plant design to the team. Core Energy, an active EOR producer/operator in the State of Michigan, is committed to support the detailed design, construction and operation of the CO{sub 2} pipeline and storage component of the project. This team has developed a Front End Engineering Design and Cost Estimate as part of Phase 1 of DOE Award DE-FE0002477.

  11. Viability of the diagonal implicit algorithm for hypersonic flowfields with finite rate chemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Christopher John

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Diagonal (-), and Diagonal (+), ht. = lx10 Figure 62: Oxygen Recombination - Mass Fraction Comparison for Fully Implicit, Diagonal (-), and Diagonal (+), ht. = Ixl0 87 NOMENCLATURE A, B, C C?C? D? F, G, H F F G Go I J K, K, M Q Q Q~ R R.... ' Governing Equations The Euler equations given in generalized curvilinear coordinates ((, tt, () for chemically reacting flows are: + ? + ? + ? = Q au az aa az Bc 84 ctrl 8( The vector Q is composed of the conservative variables, F, G, and H...

  12. Geology of the Bee Branch-Mill Creek area, Mason County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, George Howard

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that originated on the Cretaceous ctr-te in Tertiary time in Csn tral Texas, Tarr brcu?ht cut +he fact that, since the Coloraoo in Cen- tral Texas flo -s with a ?en&. ral ccm: e at ri&ht an". les tc the strike of the Carboniferous reck, in an opposite direction... tc the d1p, the Cole- racc River sel. ected its course on a structure thaw is nc longer present. He believed that this earlier . ructure wes present cn Cretaceous strata because the Paleos& ic reyi& n of Central Texas is only partially unsovered...

  13. Detection of chlorpyrifos-ethyl (Dursban) and its metabolites in urine samples using immunoassays with confirmation by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clewis, Suenda Beth

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    O"""&(RO)sP-OH + HX S (0) S (0) (RO)tP - X + HtO ""--~ (RO) (HO) P -X + ROH F1GURE 1. Hydrolysis of Organophosphates. Organophosphate Toxicology Pesticide exposures vary widely, especially when considering the different stages of pesticide manufacture and use.... Evaporator needles were cleaned with chloroform between samples. 8. Diluted samples to 5ml with HtO. Sonicated test tubes in rack for 30 seconds to redissolve all potential solids formed during evaporation. Vortexed test tubes to guarantee uniform...

  14. Action Theory Contraction and Minimal Change Ivan Jose Varzinczak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recanati, Catherine

    , ¬c, ¬h b b b Need for change the laws about the behavior of actions Ivan Jos´e Varzinczak (KSG, ¬c, ht, ¬c, ¬h c, ¬h b b b Need for change the laws about the behavior of actions Ivan Jos ¬t, ¬c, ¬h ¬t, ¬c, ht, ¬c, ¬h b b b Need for change the laws about the behavior of actions Ivan Jos

  15. Home use of closed loop insulin delivery improves overnight glucose control in adults with type 1 diabetes: A four-week multicentre randomised crossover study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thabit, Hood; Lubina-Solomon, Alexandra; Stadler, Marietta; Leelarathna, Lalantha; Walkinshaw, Emma; Pernet, Andrew; Allen, Janet M.; Iqbal, Ahmed; Choudhary, Pratik; Kumareswaran, Kavita; Nodale, Marianna; Nisbet, Chloe; Wilinska, Malgorzata E.; Barnard, Katherine D.; Dunger, David B.; Heller, Simon R.; Amiel, Stephanie A.; Evans, Mark L.; Hovorka, Roman

    2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    1223 330 598, e-mail: rh347@cam.ac.uk Word count: 3,417 words (maximum ~ 3,500 words) Abstract: 249 words (maximum 250 words) Figures:4 Tables: 5 Trial Registration: NCT01440140 2 Summary Background: We assessed whether... and the accuracy of the data analysis. RH coordinated the study. RH, MLE, SRH, SAA, DBD, KK, HT, EW, MEW and KDB co-designed the studies. HT, ALS, MS, LL, EW, AP, AI, and CN were responsible for screening and enrolment of participants and arranged informed...

  16. Problem 8-3: Brayton Cycle in Figure 8-13 (page 324) operating at p1,4 = 14.696 psia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (no regenerator) using Standard Air Table I-1 (pages 809f) h1 = h(T1) = 124.27 BTU/lbm; pr1 = 1.2187 pr2 = 8 � 1.2187 = 9.7496 ; T2s = 928 o R; h2s = 223.08 BTU/lbm h3 = h(T3) = 571.19 BTU/lbm; pr3 258 by extreme extrapolation pr4 = 258 ÷ 8 = 32.25 ; T4s = 1298 o R; h4s = 316.55 BTU/lbm w12s = h1 - h2s = -98

  17. Persistent photoexcitation effect on the poly(3-hexylthiophene) film: Impedance measurement and modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Persistent photoexcitation effect on the poly(3-hexylthiophene) film: Impedance measurement, or photovoltaic cells. A large number of organic semiconductors have been investigated in order to achieve optimum in photovoltaic cells [2, 3] or photodetec- tors [4, 5]. In spite of remarkable improvements of the P3HT-based de

  18. Relationship between valve activity, microalgae concentration in the water1 and toxin accumulation in the digestive gland2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    1 Relationship between valve activity, microalgae concentration in the water1 and toxin harmful microalgae Heterocapsa triquetra (H.t.) were26 exposed to 4 microalgae mixtures at constant total of harmful microalgae on bivalve physiology and ecology; to test the45 putative interest of behavioral change

  19. PARTIALLY AFFINE CONTROL PROBLEMS: SECOND ORDER ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Pm i,j=0 vivj(fi,uxfj ? fj,xfi,u) + Huu??. In our case, we have fi,u = 0 for i = 1,...,m, and ..... (146) ??h,T = D¯hlLQ[?LQ]. (147). Hence, ??h ? 0 and thus (147) yields.

  20. E.R. Daviesa , M. Atiquzzamanb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atiquzzaman, Mohammed

    . Then there are the variants on the main projection-based transforms theme: how useful and different are structural indexing, geometric hashing, projection-based transforms, and indeed, the origi- nal Hough transform (HT)? And has. Conventional HTs find con- siderable difficulty with such images, missing some over- lapping components

  1. October 21-27, 2012 Aboard National Geographic Sea Bird

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connor, Ed

    along the Palouse River. #12;4 HellS CAnyOn: North America's deep- est river gorge, Hells Canyon Palouse river Hells Canyon ClArkSTOn: Named for explorer William Clark, Clarkston and the nearby insight into what life was like for the explorers. expedition HigHligHtS PAlOuSe river: This winding

  2. Defining Multiplication on Indices of Points on an Elliptic Curve and Defining Z Using One Universal Quantifier Defining Multiplication on Indices of Points

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shlapentokh, Alexandra

    solutions in R? The most prominent open questions are probably the decidability of HTP for R = Q and R equal definition p(T, ¯X) over R. Then HTP is not decidable over R. Proof. Let h(T1, . . . , Tl ) be a polynomial in Z iff (1) has solutions in R. Thus if HTP is decidable over

  3. DeCoding Your Housing Assignment Confused by the letters and numbers that comprise your housing assignment? If so, the following

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howitt, Ivan

    DeCoding Your Housing Assignment Confused by the letters and numbers that comprise your housing Delta Zeta House CE Cedar Hall HA Hawthorn Hall CL CF Lynch Hall HI Hickory Hall EL Elm Hall HL Holshouser Hall G01 Kappa Sigma House HT Hunt Hall G02 Lambda Chi Alpha House MA Maple Hall G03 Zeta Tau

  4. Metal oxide/organic interface investigations for photovoltaic devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pachoumi, Olympia

    2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    organic photovoltaics is investigated. We show that using these ternary oxides can lead to superior devices by: prevent- ing a dipole forming between the oxide and the active organic layer in a model ZnMO / P3HT:PCBM OPV as well as lead to improved surface...

  5. Three pieces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffeath-Loeb, Brian

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J inh. i Tba. d b dee - ah -1 ah-t uh bah - day PPP pp exh.B.Fl. PPP tss inh. exh. Tba. J k- sah buh b-b b p p exh. n uss - ah exh. inh. PPP shuh - ay ^Ht PPP hwah exh.

  6. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C7, supplment au n12, Tome 43, dcembre 1982 page C7-71

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    INVESTIGATION OF AN FeB METALLIC GLASS BY POLARISED NEUTRON DIFFRACTION H--t" # *3fr + Wu Guoan , N. Cowlam, H neutrons polarisés, utilisant le spectrometre D5 de l'ILL, Grenoble. Nous avon obtenu des diagrammes de forme magnétique. Abstract Neutron diffraction measurements have been made on the ferromagnetic metallic

  7. Air pollution: Coal based power plants major culprit : HindustanTimes.com http://www.hindustantimes.com/news/5922_1646830,001500250000000... 1 of 2 3/10/2006 7:45 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Ramesh P.

    Air pollution: Coal based power plants major culprit : HindustanTimes.com http 1 Front » Story Air pollution: Coal based power plants major culprit HT Correspondent Kanpur, March that coal based thermal power plants are the main source for air pollution. The fact came to the fore during

  8. On the control of solidification using magnetic fields and magnetic field Baskar Ganapathysubramanian and Nicholas Zabaras1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zabaras, Nicholas J.

    On the control of solidification using magnetic fields and magnetic field gradients Baskar and Aerospace Engineering, 188 Frank H.T. Rhodes Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-3801, USA Abstract solidified material can be suitably affected. Most of the magnetic field approaches to melt flow control rely

  9. Control of macrosegregation during the solidification of alloys using magnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zabaras, Nicholas J.

    Control of macrosegregation during the solidification of alloys using magnetic fields Deep Samanta and Aerospace Engineering, 188 Frank H.T. Rhodes Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-3801, USA Abstract Numerical modeling of convection damping and macrosegregation suppression during solidification of alloys

  10. The effect of multiple sources of uncertainty on the convex hull of material properties of polycrystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zabaras, Nicholas J.

    School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, 101 Frank H.T. Rhodes Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction The need for designing optimized components in aerospace and fuel consumption has grown signifi- cantly in recent years. Polycrystalline alloys have many applica

  11. MCWASP, Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes XI TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zabaras, Nicholas J.

    -COMPONENT ALLOYS USING LEVEL SET METHODS Nicholas Zabaras1 , Lijian Tan1 1 Materials Process Design and Control Laboratory 188 Frank H.T Rhodes Hall, Sibley school of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell, Multi-component alloy, Multi-phase, Fluid flow. Abstract A level set method combining features of front

  12. Quantum Work Relations and Response Theory David Andrieux and Pierre Gaspard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrieux, David

    Ht; B which depends on the time t and the magnetic field B. The time-reversal operator is proved for isolated time-dependent Hamiltonian systems in a magnetic field as the consequence is recovered in the case this observable vanishes. The Green- Kubo formula and the Casimir-Onsager reciprocity

  13. SoilLitter Mixing Accelerates Decomposition in a Chihuahuan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Geography, University of California Los Angeles, 1255 Bunche Hall, Box 951524, Los Angeles, California 90095 the study; DH and RM performed the research and analyzed the data; DH, HT, SA, and RM wrote the paper that of mesic systems, where simple models based on climate variables such as actual evapotranspiration predict

  14. Dynamics of Bose-Einstein Condensates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benjamin Schlein

    2007-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on some recent results concerning the dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensates, obtained in a series of joint papers with L. Erdos and H.-T. Yau. Starting from many body quantum dynamics, we present a rigorous derivation of a cubic nonlinear Schroedinger equation known as the Gross-Pitaevskii equation for the time evolution of the condensate wave function.

  15. WORLD SYMPOSIUM ON TRANSLATIONAL MODELS OF PANIC DISORDER VITRIA, BRAZIL, 16th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floeter, Sergio Ricardo

    - PRECEDING-LACTATE INFUSIONS; RESPIRATORY AND SUBJECTIVE RESPONSES: RELATIONSHIP TO ENDOGENOUS OPIOID SYSTEM. _______________________________________________________________________________ OPENING LECTURE 18:30-19:30 - 5-HT AND MECHANISMS OF DEFENCE AT 21 YEARS ­ RELEVANT TO PSYCHIATRY? Bill AND SEX-SPECIFIC DISRUPTION OF RESPIRATORY REGULATION IN RATS. Richard Kinkead ­ Laval University, Canada

  16. Detection of Cardiac Occlusions Using Viscoelastic Wave Propagation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Detection of Cardiac Occlusions Using Viscoelastic Wave Propagation H.T. Banks and J. R. Samuels driven viscoelastic (VE) waves propagated through biotissue to body surface sensors. We in- vestigate: Inverse problems, viscoelastic models, wave propagation in biotissue, statistical models. AMS Subject

  17. Simulations of Particle Dynamics in Magnetorheological Fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Reitich 2 , M.R. Jolly 3 , H.T. Banks 1 , Kazi Ito 1 Abstract We present particle dynamics simulations transformed from a liquid state to that of a Bingham solid upon application of a magnetic (resp., electric as these present a number of advantages over their electric counterparts. These include higher achievable yield

  18. Hormonal treatment, mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease Ryan Joanne , Scali Jaqueline , Carriere Isabelle , Ritchie Karen , Ancelin Marie-Laure *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    lost at menopause would prevent many of the manifestations of aging, including osteoporosis systems implicated in cognition. Recent hormonal replacement therapy trials in non-demented post-menopausal to the widespread use of Hormone Replacement Therapy (HT) after the menopause, but following the recent publication

  19. MCI CONFERENCE PAPER HORMONAL TREATMENT, MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT, AND ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    lost at menopause would prevent many of the manifestations of aging, including osteoporosis on the neurotransmitter systems implicated in cognition. Recent hormonal replacement therapy trials in non- demented post-menopausal to the widespread use of Hormone Replacement Therapy (HT) after the menopause, but following the recent publication

  20. Herbicide-tolerant plant varieties Agronomic, environmental and socio-economic effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Tiggelen, Bart

    to CNRS and to INRA, for a multidisciplinary Collective Scientific Expertise (ESCo) on the agronomic of this ESCo). November2011 #12;Herbicide tolerant plant varieties . Issues in the evaluation of the effects of HTV cultivation This ESCo considers the agronomic trait of herbicide tolerance (HT), meaning

  1. Conference Navigator 2.0: Community-Based Recommendation for Academic Conferences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brusilovsky, Peter

    (HT) 20092 , User Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization (UMAP) 20093 , and 4th European Conference1 Conference Navigator 2.0: Community-Based Recommendation for Academic Conferences Chirayu. Large conferences are one of the venues suffering from this overload. Faced with several parallel

  2. 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, WeinheimAdv. Mater. 2011, XX, 17 1 www.advmat.de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geohegan, David B.

    and formation of a nanoscale interpenetrating network of P3HT/PCBM via phase separation tuning is one Ridge, TN 37831, USA DOI: 10.1002/adma.201103361 Polymer bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells have of the critical issues to achieve high-efficiency polymer BHJ solar cells with improved stability. In an effort

  3. MINIMARS conceptual design: Report I. Volume 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, J.D. (ed.)

    1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains separate articles of seven aspects of the MINIMARS programs. The areas discussed are Fusion Engineering Design Center, Halo Model and Computer Code, safety design, the University of Wisconsin blankets, activation product transport in a FLiBe-VANADIUM alloy HT-9 system, a halo scraper/direct converter system, and heat transport power conversion. The individual articles are cataloged separately. (WRF)

  4. The April 2009 Influenza Outbreak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agricultural Communications

    2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    ? T in ? P ? T ? F T ht If you ow ? W w ? W ? D in ? B ? V ? C an 55 T ? M he virus is sp fected in the eople cannot o protect you #0;? Wash #0;? Keep y #0;? Don?t #0;? Avoid #0;? Get pl #0;? If you #0;? Cough clothin throw...

  5. The analysis of the pantothenate synthetase reaction by positional isotope exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Lakenya Flatreese

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) and the two resonances shifted downfield, represent ' Oi' Oi (3) and ' Oq' Oq (2) species, respectively. Scheme 4 CI 4 HtO + ~~II ? Cl CI HO Ott + 5HCI ~KOH l. 0 tIO ? ? O+K + N=C ? 0 K ~ L. 1000 units adenylate kmase 50 units carbamate kmase 500...

  6. Hybrid membranes and their use in volatile organic compound/air separations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krohn, John Eric

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of membrane. This housing is equipped with a gasket seal between the high and low pressure sides ol tbe membrane. While the feed/retentate side of the membrane is held at 20-30 in HtO above atmospheric pressure, the permeate side is held at approximately...

  7. Carbon assimilation and export from leaves of diverse cultivars of sorghum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sowder, Cecil Madison

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    33:338-341. Tarpley, L. , and D. M. Victor. 1994. Charcoal separation of [ H]sucrose and HtO for in situ plant metabolism studies. p. 139. Agronomy Abstracts. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI. Turner, N. C. , J. E. Begg, and M. L. Tonnet...

  8. The determination of phase relations in the CH?-H?O-NaCl system at 2 and 5 kbars, 300 to 600° C using synthetic fluid inclusions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McShane, Christopher Joseph

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the fluid. The fractured prisms were dried overnight at approximately 130'C and placed into an annealed Au capsule (4. 75 mm x 4. 50 mm x 76 mm). Known amounts of HtO + NaCl solutions of various molalities were placed in the capsule along with the prism...

  9. Nitrogen oxides reduction by staged combustion of LCV gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cabrera Sixto, Jose Manuel

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the staged combustion of the LCV gas, hydrocarbons are oxidized during the Erst stage mto CO, COz, and HtO. A portion of thc CO and Hz gases contained in the LCV gas are converted to CO z and HzO, espctively, daring this Sist stage. The remaining CO and H z...

  10. Mitochondrial-DNA sequence variation, and the genetic affinity of Peromyscus from the Triangle Island, British Columbia, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arianpour, Roozbeh

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Rev, ND4L, Rataway, and Nap2 (Arevalo et aL 1994). Amplification (Perkin Elmer/Cetus DNA Thermal Cycler) proceeded in three stages with the following components and concentrations: 1 uL DNA (approximately 100 ng), 15 uL HtO, 2. 5 uL of IOX PCR Buffer II...

  11. Alumina atomic layer deposition nanocoatings on primary diamond particles using a fluidized bed reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Steven M.

    /high-temperature (HP/HT) synthesis methods [4­7] led to the discovery of polycrystalline diamond grit and the manufacture of polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) materials [8]. PDC cutters are well known and widely usedAlumina atomic layer deposition nanocoatings on primary diamond particles using a fluidized bed

  12. Analytical study of the energy rate balance equation for the magnetospheric storm-ring current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Analytical study of the energy rate balance equation for the magnetospheric storm-ring current A. L of the analytical integration of the energy rate balance equation, assum- ing that the input energy rate of the energy function to ht times a constant factor in the energy rate balance equation (e.g. Gonzalez et al

  13. Tsunami generated by a granular collapse down a rough inclined S. Viroulet1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    epl draft Tsunami generated by a granular collapse down a rough inclined plane S. Viroulet1 , A Jersey 08544, USA PACS 47.57.Gc ­ Granular flow, complex fluids PACS 92.10.hl ­ Tsunamis PACS 45.70.Ht wave and the evolution of its amplitude during the propagation. The experiments show that whereas

  14. , 130081, published 7 August 201332013Open Biol. Harvey T. McMahon and David M. Glover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, Harvey

    , 130081, published 7 August 201332013Open Biol. Harvey T. McMahon and David M. Glover Tetsuya, Griffiths JR, Whetton AD, McMahon HT, Glover DM. 2013 Drosophila F-BAR protein Syndapin contributes Takeda e-mail: ttakeda@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk David M. Glover e-mail: dmg25@cam.ac.uk Present address: MRC

  15. Mycorrhizal fungi in roots of Texas crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeh, May-Wei Mavix

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    were y 1. '1 t G~t~l( ht hyhd h ypi 1 thick outer wall and thin inner membrane (Fig. 14, p. 31) . Blackberry (Rubus sp. ) Root and Soil Material The blackberry sample was collected at Stephenville, Texas. Four different spore types were found...

  16. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Logan, Gordon D.

    , University of Toronto Mississauga, Canada The concurrent-memory-load technique identifies attention demands are reported in which a multiple-choice, reaction time task involving two, four, and eig-ht stimulus-response (S-R) alternatives was performed alone and in the retention interval of a short-term- memory task

  17. Impaired hippocampal-dependent learning and functional abnormalities in the hippocampus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibille, Etienne

    threshold and higher lethality in response to kainic acid administration. These results demonstrate that 5 in behaviors that involve high cognitive demand (20). Specific agonists and antagonists of the 5-HT1A receptor showed differential effects on acquisition, maintenance, and retention of hippocampal memory (reviewed

  18. 1 Copyright 2012 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Summer Heat Transfer Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghajar, Afshin J.

    pressure drop is desired in the designing of the direct expansion ground source heat pumps systems1 Copyright © 2012 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Summer Heat Transfer Conference HT2012 July the gas and liquid phase and the influence of gravity potential. The hydrostatic component can

  19. Treatment with 8-OH-DPAT attenuates the weight loss associated with activity-based anorexia in female rats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hull, Elaine

    ) plays an important role in controlling food intake and regulating body weight. In addition, clinical). This animal model allows researchers to directly manipulate neuronal and endocrine systems that may the effects of pharmacological manipulation of the 5-HT system in female rats exposed to conditions

  20. Compatibility Assessment of Advanced Stainless Steels in Sodium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pawel, Steven J [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Type 316L stainless steel capsules containing commercially pure sodium and miniature tensile specimens of HT-UPS (austenitic, 14Cr-16Ni), NF-616 (ferritic/martensitic, 9Cr-2W-0.5Mo), or 316L (austenitic, 17Cr-10Ni-2Mo) stainless steel were exposed at 600 or 700 C for 100 and 400 h as a screening test for compatibility. Using weight change, tensile testing, and metallographic analysis, HT-UPS and 316L were found to be largely immune to changes resulting from sodium exposure, but NF-616 was found susceptible to substantial decarburization at 700 C. Subsequently, two thermal convection loops (TCLs) constructed of 316L and loaded with commercially pure sodium and miniature tensile specimens of HT-UPS and 316L were operated for 2000 h each one between 500 and 650 C, the other between 565 and 725 C at a flow rate of about 1.5 cm/s. Changes in specimen appearance, weight, and tensile properties were observed to be very minor in all cases, and there was no metallographic evidence of microstructure changes, composition gradients, or mass transfer resulting from prolonged exposure in a TCL. Thus, it appears that HT-UPS and 316L stainless steels are similarly compatible with commercially pure sodium under these exposure conditions.

  1. Existence of Unique Weak Solutions to a Dynamical System for Nonlinear Elastomers with Hysteresis \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    \\Lambda H.T. Banks, Gabriella A. Pint'er and Laura K. Potter Center for Research in Scientific Computation elastic components of the constitutive laws. Existence and uniqueness results are presented along Classification: 34G20, (35L70, 47H30,73G05) Research supported in part by the U. S. Air Force Office

  2. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C9, suppl6ment au n012, Tome 44, dkembre 1983 page C9-735

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    with an optical mi- croscope. X-ray texture studies were carried out on thinned specimens, amount of cold work applying small steps, Samples were prepared after each step. The effect of cold work /CW/ was studied after/ for 1 h either after cold work or after HT1. ' Naterial 4 5 The internal friction measurements

  3. Polynomial Approximations for Continuous Linear Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    where the cost rate c(t), the right hand side vector b(t) as well as the matrices. G(t) and H(t, ... dual approximations, respectively, estimates the degree of suboptimality of the ...... the matrix of capital coefficients, where Bij defines the stock of good i required per unit of ...... In Optimization methods for resource allocation (Proc.

  4. The Open Breast Cancer Journal, 2011, 3, 31-44 31 1876-8172/11 2011 Bentham Open

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Jong-Sang

    in breast normal cells. The breast cancer cell lines HCC1419, MCF7, MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-468, SKBR3, the normal mammary epithelial cell line HME 50 HT and the normal mammary fibroblast cell line CCD-1074sk were of the chemotherapeutics on the normal cells and tissues. Trastuzumab, the newest anticancer treatment, targets cancer

  5. nh Gi Thit Hi Ti Nguyn Thin Nhin Do S C Trn Du Deepwater Horizon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DÁnQunHtWakulla D Tho Phc Hi Sm Giai on III MÔ T D ÁN CHI PHÍ C LNG Ban Qun Tr ánh Giá Thit Hi Tài Nguyên Thiên. Chiu dài c c lng cho bãi bin này là mt dm vi din tích khong 4,5 acre. xut d án ci thin Công Viên

  6. Liste des marchs conclus au cours de l'anne 2007 en application de l'article 133 CMP Arrt du 08/12/2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /12/2006 TITULAIRE CODE POSTAL OBJET LONG MONTANT HT DATE DE NOTIFICATION STOULS 91165 Fourniture de boites en Parc animalier de la Haute-Touche 6 256,4 16/07/2007 EPPENDORF FRANCE 78232 Fourniture d pour le Parc animalier de la Haute-Touche 7 348,5 16/07/2007 MGIE 94410 Fournitures d'équipements et

  7. Osteosarcomas among beagles exposed to /sup 239/Pu

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whittemore, A.S.; McMillan, A.

    1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Weibull distribution was fit to the osteosarcoma death times of beagles given single intravenous injections of /sup 239/Pu. For injected doses in the range 0-1..mu..Ci/kg the osteosarcoma incidence rate h(t) at t days after injection can be fit by a quadratic function of injected dose d: h(t) = 2.61 X 10/sup -18/ d/sup 2/t/sup 4.91/. The best-fitting linear function was rejected by the data (P < 0.001). A different formula for h(t), derived from a multistage theory for osteosarcoma induction, was also fit to these data. For this purpose microdosimetry calculations were used to estimate the dose to the cells at risk in the endosteal layer (endosteal dose). According to the best fit, h(t) is a quadratic function of endosteal dose at low doses. A linear dose-response relationship was again rejected. The absence of a linear component at low doses might be explained by the fact that 108 of the 185 animals injected at the lowest doses (<0.02 ..mu..Ci/kg) were still alive at the time these data were collected.

  8. Malaria Centre London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maizels, Rick

    Malaria Centre London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK October 2014 MalariaCentreReport2012-14LondonSchoolofHygiene&TropicalMedicine #12;#12;Contents Director;2 Director's message London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine Despite being preventable and treatable

  9. On chip synchronization for optical OPPM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayek, Khalil F.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    + T ' Ip(~)l'lff(~)l' (1 ? I tfc(~)l') + T, 'IP(~)lzlII(~)lz Z (2. 15) where P(~) is the Fourier transform of the signal pulse shape p(t), H(a&) is the frequency response of the filter h(t), and Mc(&v) is the characteristic function of the random...

  10. Presented at the 2001 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry, July 24-27, 2001, Tarrytown, New York, and published in the Proceedings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    24-27, 2001, Tarrytown, New York, and published in the Proceedings. The research reported here for design of new systems. Simple comparisons of energy per square foot are of little value since processLBNL-47729 HT-428 Presented at the 2001 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry, July

  11. doi: 10.1098/rspa.2010.0211 , 537-558 first published online 4 August 20104672011Proc. R. Soc. A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flowers, Gwenn

    Coulomb friction law describes basal boundary conditions that enable hydrologically driven acceleration.ht This article cites 67 articles, 12 of which can be accessed free Subject collections (3092 articles)glaciology Articles on similar topics can be found in the following collections Email alerting service herethe box

  12. Conditionally Independent Generalized Competing Risks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    is subjected to corrective maintenance (CM) and condition-based preventive maintenance (PM) actions. In order into a state in which it can perform its function again. Preventive maintenance (PM) is carried out when whether the maintenance is preventive or correc- tive. 2. Characterization of the PM-CM process Let Ht

  13. Mineralization of Basalts in the CO2-H2O-H2S System. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HT, BP McGrail, AT Owen, and BW Arey.2013."Mineralization of Basalts in the CO2-H2O-H2S System."International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 16:187-196. doi:10.1016...

  14. Ninth Annual Report IntcrnctiYe Graphics for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    ) Transported to VAX Computer Our local CR,P·7a molecular graphics syslern, which h:t~ been extensively usud Cor:NJX operating $ystem on lhe Dt.:C VAX com- puler". ~lost of lhc system now works and 1l can be u;cd on V.\\X-11

  15. Peeling, Healing, and Bursting in a Lubricated Elastic Sheet A. E. Hosoi1,* and L. Mahadevan2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahadevan, L.

    of a thin layer of fluid that separates it from a rigid wall. By considering long wavelength deformations analyze an oscillatory valve that can transform a continuous stream of fluid into a series of discrete- dition reads ujyhx;t 0 and the kinematic boundary condition reads ht ujyhhx vjyh. Here and else- where

  16. Free Energy Efficiency Kit includes CFL light bulbs,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Annkatrin

    Free Energy Efficiency Kit Kit includes CFL light bulbs, spray foam, low-flow shower head, and more for discounted energy assessments. FREE HOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY SEMINAR N e w R i ver L i g ht & Pow e r a n d W! Building Science 101 Presentation BPI Certified Building Professionals will present home energy efficiency

  17. Hydraulic conductivity imaging from 3-D transient hydraulic tomography at several pumping/observation densities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Hydraulic conductivity imaging from 3-D transient hydraulic tomography at several pumping August 2013; accepted 7 September 2013; published 13 November 2013. [1] 3-D Hydraulic tomography (3-D HT (primarily hydraulic conductivity, K) is estimated by joint inversion of head change data from multiple

  18. PolynomialTime Membership Comparable Sets Mitsunori Ogihara 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ogihara, Mitsunori

    , Sel82a, AH92, Ko83, Tod91, LS93, BvHT93, NOS93, HNOS93, HHO + 93, HNOS94]. Recently, there have been­time complexity classes occur. Hemachan­ dra et al [HHO + 93] studied internal structure of the class of sets Ÿ p

  19. Synthetic Metals 159 (2009) 11311134 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of hydroxyl groups of the interface and irreversible after long time in vacuum except for quartz. For a given transistors for plat-panel display and smart card on plastic substrate. So far poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT), and the insulating polymer polyvinylphenol (PVP) and octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS). The off-current is monitored up

  20. Online Strategies for High-Performance Power-Aware Thread Execution on Emerging Multiprocessors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeh, Vincent

    and component density of emerging su- percomputers pose a hard requirement for power-aware sys- tem design PowerEdge 6650 with Intel Xeon HT processors. The high- lighted area indicates opportunitiesOnline Strategies for High-Performance Power-Aware Thread Execution on Emerging Multiprocessors

  1. Ft Scott Community College Transfer Program to University of Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Testament Life Heritage 3 PHIL 140 Intro to Philosophy 3 PHI 1113 Philosophy Of Life 3 THR 100 Intro) Three humanities courses selected from at least two different subjects Historical Studies (HT) HIS 1013 Testament Life Heritage 3 SOCIAL SCIENCES (9 HOURS) Three Social Science courses selected from at least two

  2. ASYMPTOTIC SHAPE FOR THE CONTACT PROCESS IN RANDOM ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ASYMPTOTIC SHAPE FOR THE CONTACT PROCESS IN RANDOM ENVIRONMENT OLIVIER GARET AND R´EGINE MARCHAND in stationary random environment. These theorems gen- eralize known results for the classical contact process environment, when the contact process survives, the set Ht/t almost surely converges to a compact set

  3. Dissertation submitted to the Faculties of Engineering, Science and Medicine at Aalborg University in partial fulfillment of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaltz, Erik

    Design of a Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Vehicle Drive System by Erik Schaltz Aalborg University Department of Energy Technology Aalborg, Denmark August 2010 #12;Design of a Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Vehicle Drive Fuel Cell (HT- PEMFC) is used as it has promising properties for being supplied by reformed methanol

  4. The Live Social Semantics application: a platform for integrating face-to-face presence with on-line social networking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -line social networking Wouter Van den Broeck, Ciro Cattuto, Alain Barrat, Martin Szomszor, Gianluca Correndo-line social networks. This application was successfully deployed at two conference gatherings, ESWC09 and HT in these deployments. Keywords-sensor networks, active RFID, Web 2.0, social networking services, real-time services

  5. Motion and Radiation of Binary Black Holes: the Effective-One-Body Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damour, Thibault

    -Justin 1970] FPadé resummation [DIS 1998] h(t) : [Davis, Ruffini, Tiomno 1972] CLAP [Price-Pullin 1994] Burst GW waveform [BD00] iv. Estimates of the radiated energy and of the spin of the final black hole, e energy (tighter orbits), and J/M2

  6. 1202 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 36, NO. 4, AUGUST 2008 Controlling the Plasma Potential Distribution in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    --Hall discharge, plasma propulsion. I. INTRODUCTION THE HALL thruster (HT) [1] is an electromagnetic- propulsion along the magnetic-field lines (E = -ve × B) accelerates ions and gen- erates thrust. Ions HTs, the electric-field distribution is con- trolled mainly by the magnetic-field distribution

  7. Experimental Analysis of Water Based Drilling Fluid Aging Processes at High Temperature and High Pressure Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zigmond, Brandon

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    to evaluate their validity. Experimental static and dynamic aging tests were developed for comparative analysis as well to offer a more accurate and precise method to evaluate the effects experienced by WBM when subjected to HT/HP conditions. The experimental...

  8. Diffusion Induced Chaos in a Closed Loop Thermosyphon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez-Bernal, Anibal; Van Vleck, Erik

    1998-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    INDUCED CHAOS IN A CLOSED THERMOSYPHON 1077 Therefore, (1.1) has a global compact and connected attractor, A, in R#2; _ L 2 per (0; 1). Proof. From (2.4), 1 2 d dt kTk 2 + #23;k @T @x k 2 = H hT . Using the Cauchy{Schwarz and Young inequalities...

  9. Introduction to data assimilationIntroduction to data assimilation and least squares methodsand least squares methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalnay, Eugenia

    +LW cooling[ ] y = h(T ) ! !T 4 #12;Intro. to remote sensing and dataIntro. to remote sensing and data combined (analysis): Now we are going to see a second toy example of data assimilation including remote with big models and many obs. Ta = Tb + !b 2 !b 2 + !o 2 (To " Tb ) with #12;Intro. toIntro. to remote

  10. 1 Copyright 2012 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Summer Heat Transfer Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    1 Copyright © 2012 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Summer Heat Transfer Conference HT2012 July. INTRODUCTION Passive cooling is a widely preferred method for electronic and power electronic devices since, #12;2 Copyright © 2012 by ASME is convective heat transfer coefficient and is thermal conductivity

  11. Wireless Security Techniques for Coordinated Manufacturing and On-line Hardware Trojan Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potkonjak, Miodrag

    Wireless Security Techniques for Coordinated Manufacturing and On-line Hardware Trojan Detection) attacks that impose severe threats to the security and integrity of wireless networks and systems. We activi- ties, consumes ultra-low leakage power, and hides from delay characterizations. Therefore, the HT

  12. Process of preparing tritiated porous silicon

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tam, S.W.

    1997-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A process of preparing tritiated porous silicon is described in which porous silicon is equilibrated with a gaseous vapor containing HT/T{sub 2} gas in a diluent for a time sufficient for tritium in the gas phase to replace hydrogen present in the pore surfaces of the porous silicon. 1 fig.

  13. Journal of Nuclear Materials 126 (1984) 83-85 North-Holland, Amsterdam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azad, Abdul-Majeed

    Publishers B.V. (North-Holland Physics Publishing Division) #12;Table 1 Heat capacity, density and ultrasonic velocity for Li(/). K(I) and NaK(/) `) (a) Heat capacity Cp (J/kg/deg) Metal Or alloy C,=rr+ht+ct' Range,. However, it is desirable to verify this approach for other systems re- lated to liquid sodium and also

  14. Contributions to the cranial morphology of selected Australian Leptodactylidae (Anura)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bassinger, Clarence Alfred

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mew South Wales, Australia. Adelotus brevis Ogilby, S. V. 36, female, Slevin, Ulong, Australia. ~83 ' Ht 8 1 6 *, HV. 45, f 1, 9 H, 1958, Colac, 98 mi. W. Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Philoria frosti Spencer, S. V. 50, female, Mt. Baw Baw...

  15. May. 9, 2013 BBM 202 -ALGORITHMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdem, Erkut

    NAK SYN ETB CAN EM SUB ESC FS GS RS US 2 SP ! " # $ % & ` ( ) * + , - . / 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ACK BEL BS HT LF VT FF CR SO SI 1 DLE DC1 DC2 DC3 DC4 NAK SYN ETB CAN EM SUB ESC FS GS RS US 2 SP

  16. Process of preparing tritiated porous silicon

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tam, Shiu-Wing (Downers Grove, IL)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A process of preparing tritiated porous silicon in which porous silicon is equilibrated with a gaseous vapor containing HT/T.sub.2 gas in a diluent for a time sufficient for tritium in the gas phase to replace hydrogen present in the pore surfaces of the porous silicon.

  17. Z-Selective Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization of 3-Substituted Cyclooctenes by Monoaryloxide Pyrrolide Imido Alkylidene (MAP) Catalysts of Molybdenum and Tungsten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Hyangsoo

    Ring-opening metathesis polymerization of a series of 3-substituted cyclooctenes (3-MeCOE, 3-HexCOE, and 3-PhCOE) initiated by various Mo and W MAP complexes leads to cis,HT-poly(3-RCOE) polymers. The apparent rate of ...

  18. Reduced Order Based Compensator Control of Thin Film Growth in a CVD Reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reduced Order Based Compensator Control of Thin Film Growth in a CVD Reactor H.T. Banks and H chemical vapor deposition (CVD) reactors. An in­ tegral component of this research program is the design of the reactor so that control and sensing are a basic component of the optimal design e#orts for the reactor. We

  19. Reduced Order Based Compensator Control of Thin Film Growth in a CVD Reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reduced Order Based Compensator Control of Thin Film Growth in a CVD Reactor H.T. Banks and H chemical vapor deposition (CVD) reactors. An in- tegral component of this research program is the design of the reactor so that control and sensing are a basic component of the optimal design efforts for the reactor

  20. FLEXnav: A Fuzzy Logic Expert Dead-reckoning System for the Segway RMP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Johann

    , and Johann Borenstein 3 1,2,3) The University of Michigan Advanced Technologies Lab 1101 Beal Ave, Ann Arbor Mobility Platform (RMP). This functionally close relative of the innovative Segway Human Transporter (HT) stabilizes a statically unstable single-axle robot dynamically, based on the principle of the inverted

  1. 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim2844 www.advmat.de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhiqun

    Adhikary, Jacob W. Petrich, Malika Jeffries-EL, and Zhiqun Lin* Organic-Inorganic Nanocomposites by Placing for the development of next generation organic/inorganic hybrid solar cells as one of the most promising alternatives. Of the organic/inorganic hybrids, poly(3-hexylthio- pene) (P3HT) is one of the most extensively utilized CPs due

  2. Electrical properties of GaN/poly,,3-hexylthiophene... interfaces B.-N. Park,1,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul G.

    Electrical properties of GaN/poly,,3-hexylthiophene... interfaces B.-N. Park,1,a J. J. Uhlrich,2 T. The wide-bandgap semiconductor GaN is readily available with well-defined electronic and structural as the inorganic side of the model system. Electron transport through a GaN/poly 3-hexylthiophene P3HT

  3. Monitoring Creatures Great and Small: ComputerVision Systems for Looking at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mori, Greg

    Monitoring Creatures Great and Small: ComputerVision Systems for Looking at Grizzly Bears, Fish'iinlii Njik Park #12;Bearcam · Bearcam system recorded approx. 4h video per day for 15 days #12;Bear Detection background subtraction and gradient features pos. gradient ht(x) = pt ft(x)

  4. Azide functionalized poly(3-hexylthiophene) and method of forming same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Qin, Yang; Grubbs, Robert B; Park, Young Suk

    2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention relates azide functionalized poly(3-hexylthiophene)s. Various azide functionalized poly(3-hexylthiophene)s and intermediates are disclosed and described, as well as method for making novel monomers that are synthesized and transformed into P3HT-N.sub.mp for use as organic conducting polymers in organic photovoltaic devices.

  5. www.afm-journal.de 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim3978

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGehee, Michael

    the previous lifetime record that was observed in P3HT:PC60BM OPV devices.[6] Degradation in encapsulated polymer solar cells cannot be attributed to any one mechanism;[8­12] but, the different mechanisms of degradation in polymer solar cells can be classified into three general categories. The first category

  6. 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim 663 www.advmat.de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGehee, Michael

    .[9] These efficiency gains have brought organic solar cells closer to commercial viability, highlighting the importance solar cells that employ P3HT have been well studied,[10­15] however, lifetime studies on the recently extrapolated lifetimes approaching 7 years for encapsulated devices, which is the longest reported lifetime

  7. Assessment of Alternative Energy Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Rangan

    Tidal Energy Wave Energy Ocean Thermal Solar Thermal Solar Photovoltaic #12;Hydrogen pathways Solar;Ocean thermal energy conversion Temperature gradients between oceans layers Warm surface and cold deep Energy Waves - due to winds on ocean surface P = 0.55 H2tp kW per m (H wave ht, tp time period) Average

  8. SPE-139032-PP Field Development Strategies for Bakken Shale Formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    SPE-139032-PP Field Development Strategies for Bakken Shale Formation S.Zargari, SPE, S s a ckno wle dgm ent of S PE co p yrig ht. Abstract Bakken shale has been subjected to more attention coupled with advancements in horizontal drilling, increased the interest of oil companies for investment

  9. Building a Bridge to Business "A decisive majority of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constable, Steve

    Ings In energy prIces and affect consumer BeHavIor.floods and drougHt lead to swIngs In food and Beverage pr includes evolving technolo- gies, alternative energy solutions, sustainability initiatives, corporate breed of executives is rising to the task of"greening" the corporate environment. To address this market

  10. Medical Physics 559: Patient Safety and Error Reduction in Healthcare -2014 Meeting in G5/113 Clinical Science Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Thad G.

    and Human Performance 3,4 5 10 Rath FMEA Concepts and Methods (see also http://www.patientsafety.gov/SafetyTopics.ht ml#HFMEA) 36* 6 " FMEA/Quick response 7 17 Carayon Work System Design Influences 5 8 Thomadsen

  11. Hematologic Toxicity in RTOG 0418: A Phase 2 Study of Postoperative IMRT for Gynecologic Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klopp, Ann H., E-mail: aklopp@mdanderson.org [The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Moughan, Jennifer [RTOG Statistical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)] [RTOG Statistical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Portelance, Lorraine [Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, Miami, Florida (United States)] [Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, Miami, Florida (United States); Miller, Brigitte E. [Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Winston-Salem, North Carolina (United States)] [Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Winston-Salem, North Carolina (United States); Salehpour, Mohammad R.; Hildebrandt, Evangeline; Nuanjing, Jenny [The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); D'Souza, David [London Regional Cancer Center, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada)] [London Regional Cancer Center, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada); Souhami, Luis [Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, Miami, Florida (United States)] [Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, Miami, Florida (United States); Small, William [Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois (United States)] [Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Gaur, Rakesh [St. Luke's Cancer Institute, Kansas City, Missouri (United States)] [St. Luke's Cancer Institute, Kansas City, Missouri (United States); Jhingran, Anuja [The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), compared with conventional 4-field treatment, can reduce the volume of bone marrow irradiated. Pelvic bone marrow sparing has produced a clinically significant reduction in hematologic toxicity (HT). This analysis investigated HT in Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 0418, a prospective study to test the feasibility of delivering postoperative IMRT for cervical and endometrial cancer in a multiinstitutional setting. Methods and Materials: Patients in the RTOG 0418 study were treated with postoperative IMRT to 50.4 Gy to the pelvic lymphatics and vagina. Endometrial cancer patients received IMRT alone, whereas patients with cervical cancer received IMRT and weekly cisplatin (40 mg/m{sup 2}). Pelvic bone marrow was defined within the treatment field by using a computed tomography density-based autocontouring algorithm. The volume of bone marrow receiving 10, 20, 30, and 40 Gy and the median dose to bone marrow were correlated with HT, graded by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 3.0, criteria. Results: Eighty-three patients were eligible for analysis (43 with endometrial cancer and 40 with cervical cancer). Patients with cervical cancer treated with weekly cisplatin and pelvic IMRT had grades 1-5 HT (23%, 33%, 25%, 0%, and 0% of patients, respectively). Among patients with cervical cancer, 83% received 5 or more cycles of cisplatin, and 90% received at least 4 cycles of cisplatin. The median percentage volume of bone marrow receiving 10, 20, 30, and 40 Gy in all 83 patients, respectively, was 96%, 84%, 61%, and 37%. Among cervical cancer patients with a V40 >37%, 75% had grade 2 or higher HT compared with 40% of patients with a V40 less than or equal to 37% (P =.025). Cervical cancer patients with a median bone marrow dose of >34.2 Gy also had higher rates of grade ?2 HT than did those with a dose of ?34.2 Gy (74% vs 43%, P=.049). Conclusions: Pelvic IMRT with weekly cisplatin is associated with low rates of HT and high rates of weekly cisplatin use. The volume of bone marrow receiving 40 Gy and the median dose to bone marrow correlated with higher rates of grade ?2 toxicity among patients receiving weekly cisplatin (cervical cancer patients). Evaluation and limitation of the volume of bone marrow treated with pelvic IMRT is warranted in patients receiving concurrent chemotherapy.

  12. Technology and Cost of the MY 2007 toyota Camry HEV -- A Subcontract Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marlino, Laura D [ORNL

    2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) provides research and development (R&D) support to the Department of Energy on issues related to the cost and performance of hybrid vehicles. ORNL frequently benchmarks its own research against commercially available hybrid components currently used in the market. In 2005 we completed a detailed review of the cost of the second generation Prius hybrid. This study examines the new 2007 Camry hybrid model for changes in technology and cost relative to the Prius. The work effort involved a detailed review of the Camry hybrid and the system control strategy to identify the hybrid components used in the drive train. Section 2 provides this review while Section 3 presents our detailed evaluation of the specific drive train components and their cost estimates. Section 3 also provides a summary of the total electrical drive train cost for the Camry hybrid vehicle and contrasts these estimates to the costs for the second generation Prius that we estimated in 2005. Most of the information on cost and performance were derived from meetings with the technical staff of Toyota, Nissan, and some key Tier I suppliers like Hitachi and Panasonic Electric Vehicle Energy (PEVE) and we thank these companies for their kind cooperation.

  13. Technology and Cost of the Model Year (MY) 2007 Toyota Camry HEV Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) provides research and development (R&D) support to the Department of Energy on issues related to the cost and performance of hybrid vehicles. ORNL frequently benchmarks its own research against commercially available hybrid components currently used in the market. In 2005 we completed a detailed review of the cost of the second generation Prius hybrid. This study examines the new 2007 Camry hybrid model for changes in technology and cost relative to the Prius. The work effort involved a detailed review of the Camry hybrid and the system control strategy to identify the hybrid components used in the drive train. Section 2 provides this review while Section 3 presents our detailed evaluation of the specific drive train components and their cost estimates. Section 3 also provides a summary of the total electrical drive train cost for the Camry hybrid vehicle and contrasts these estimates to the costs for the second generation Prius that we estimated in 2005. Most of the information on cost and performance were derived from meetings with the technical staff of Toyota, Nissan, and some key Tier I suppliers like Hitachi and Panasonic Electric Vehicle Energy (PEVE) and we thank these companies for their kind cooperation.

  14. Application of cyclic J-integral to low cycle fatigue crack growth of Japanese carbon steel pipe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miura, N.; Fujioka, T.; Kashima, K. [and others

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Piping for LWR power plants is required to satisfy the LBB concept for postulated (not actual) defects. With this in mind, research has so far been conducted on the fatigue crack growth under cyclic loading, and on the ductile crack growth under excessive loading. It is important, however, for the evaluation of the piping structural integrity under seismic loading condition, to understand the fracture behavior under dynamic and cyclic loading conditions, that accompanies large-scale yielding. CRIEPI together with Hitachi have started a collaborative research program on dynamic and/or cyclic fracture of Japanese carbon steel (STS410) pipes in 1991. Fundamental tensile property tests were conducted to examine the effect of strain rate on tensile properties. Cracked pipe fracture tests under some loading conditions were also performed to investigate the effect of dynamic and/or cyclic loading on fracture behavior. Based on the analytical considerations for the above tests, the method to evaluate the failure life for a cracked pipe under cyclic loading was developed and verified. Cyclic J-integral was introduced to predict cyclic crack growth up to failure. This report presents the results of tensile property tests, cracked pipe fracture tests, and failure life analysis. The proposed method was applied to the cracked pipe fracture tests. The effect of dynamic and/or cyclic loading on pipe fracture was also investigated.

  15. Trace Assessment for BWR ATWS Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, L.Y.; Diamond, D.; Arantxa Cuadra, Gilad Raitses, Arnold Aronson

    2010-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A TRACE/PARCS input model has been developed in order to be able to analyze anticipated transients without scram (ATWS) in a boiling water reactor. The model is based on one developed previously for the Browns Ferry reactor for doing loss-of-coolant accident analysis. This model was updated by adding the control systems needed for ATWS and a core model using PARCS. The control systems were based on models previously developed for the TRAC-B code. The PARCS model is based on information (e.g., exposure and moderator density (void) history distributions) obtained from General Electric Hitachi and cross sections for GE14 fuel obtained from an independent source. The model is able to calculate an ATWS, initiated by the closure of main steam isolation valves, with recirculation pump trip, water level control, injection of borated water from the standby liquid control system and actuation of the automatic depres-surization system. The model is not considered complete and recommendations are made on how it should be improved.

  16. Baseline Fracture Toughness and CGR testing of alloys X-750 and XM-19 (EPRI Phase I)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. H. Jackson; S. P. Teysseyre

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility (ATR NSUF) and Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) formed an agreement to test representative alloys used as reactor structural materials as a pilot program toward establishing guidelines for future ATR NSUF research programs. This report contains results from the portion of this program established as Phase I (of three phases) that entails baseline fracture toughness, stress corrosion cracking (SCC), and tensile testing of selected materials for comparison to similar tests conducted at GE Global Research. The intent of this Phase I research program is to determine baseline properties for the materials of interest prior to irradiation, and to ensure comparability between laboratories using similar testing techniques, prior to applying these techniques to the same materials after having been irradiated at the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). The materials chosen for this research are the nickel based super alloy X-750, and nitrogen strengthened austenitic stainless steel XM-19. A spare core shroud upper support bracket of alloy X-750 was purchased by EPRI from Southern Co. and a section of XM-19 plate was purchased by EPRI from GE-Hitachi. These materials were sectioned at GE Global Research and provided to INL.

  17. Baseline Fracture Toughness and CGR testing of alloys X-750 and XM-19 (EPRI Phase I)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. H. Jackson; S. P. Teysseyre

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility (ATR NSUF) and Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) formed an agreement to test representative alloys used as reactor structural materials as a pilot program toward establishing guidelines for future ATR NSUF research programs. This report contains results from the portion of this program established as Phase I (of three phases) that entails baseline fracture toughness, stress corrosion cracking (SCC), and tensile testing of selected materials for comparison to similar tests conducted at GE Global Research. The intent of this Phase I research program is to determine baseline properties for the materials of interest prior to irradiation, and to ensure comparability between laboratories using similar testing techniques, prior to applying these techniques to the same materials after having been irradiated at the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). The materials chosen for this research are the nickel based super alloy X-750, and nitrogen strengthened austenitic stainless steel XM-19. A spare core shroud upper support bracket of alloy X-750 was purchased by EPRI from Southern Co. and a section of XM-19 plate was purchased by EPRI from GE-Hitachi. These materials were sectioned at GE Global Research and provided to INL.

  18. Development of unique ISI equipment for an RPV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tokunaga, Katsumi; Aoki, Takayuki (Japan Atomic Power Co., Tsuruga-shi, Fukui (Japan)); Sasaki, Tsukasa (Hitachi Works, Ibaraki (Japan))

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A cooperative effort involving the Japan Atomic Power Company (JAPC) and Hitachi Ltd. has provided unique automated ultrasonic testing equipment for the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) of JAPC's Tsuruga unit 1, which is a 357-MW (electric) non-jet-pumped boiling water reactor. Using this equipment package at the 20th scheduled outage of Tsuruga unit 1, the in-service inspection (ISI) performed in accordance with Japanese ISI standard JEAC 4205 (similar to ASME Sec. XI) was successfully completed. Through this field application, the capability and reliability of this equipment have been verified. Tsuruga unit 1 has an RPV that cannot be reached from the outside because of the limited space between the RPV and a biological shield. Therefore, it must be inspected with ID inspection equipment such as that for pressurized water reactors. A major consideration in the design of this new equipment was that it pass an ultrasonic testing head and arm through a very narrow gap between reactor internals and allow precise control from a great distance below the RPV flange (the maximum is {approximately}12m below). The design philosophy focused on how to avoid interference between any reactor internals and the equipment during the operation.

  19. Application of the DG-1199 methodology to the ESBWR and ABWR.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalinich, Donald A.; Gauntt, Randall O.; Walton, Fotini

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Appendix A-5 of Draft Regulatory Guide DG-1199 'Alternative Radiological Source Term for Evaluating Design Basis Accidents at Nuclear Power Reactors' provides guidance - applicable to RADTRAD MSIV leakage models - for scaling containment aerosol concentration to the expected steam dome concentration in order to preserve the simplified use of the Accident Source Term (AST) in assessing containment performance under assumed design basis accident (DBA) conditions. In this study Economic and Safe Boiling Water Reactor (ESBWR) and Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) RADTRAD models are developed using the DG-1199, Appendix A-5 guidance. The models were run using RADTRAD v3.03. Low Population Zone (LPZ), control room (CR), and worst-case 2-hr Exclusion Area Boundary (EAB) doses were calculated and compared to the relevant accident dose criteria in 10 CFR 50.67. For the ESBWR, the dose results were all lower than the MSIV leakage doses calculated by General Electric/Hitachi (GEH) in their licensing technical report. There are no comparable ABWR MSIV leakage doses, however, it should be noted that the ABWR doses are lower than the ESBWR doses. In addition, sensitivity cases were evaluated to ascertain the influence/importance of key input parameters/features of the models.

  20. Plant maintenance and plant life extension issue, 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

    2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of the March-April issue is on plant maintenance and plant life extension. Major articles include the following: Application of modeling and simulation to nuclear power plants, by Berry Gibson, IBM, and Rolf Gibbels, Dassault Systems; Steam generators with tight manufacturing procedures, by Ei Kadokami, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries; SG design based on operational experience and R and D, by Jun Tang, Babcock and Wilcox Canada; Confident to deliver reliable performance, by Bruce Bevilacqua, Westinghouse Nuclear; An evolutionary plant design, by Martin Parece, AREVA NP, Inc.; and, Designed for optimum production, by Danny Roderick, GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy. Industry Innovation articles include: Controlling alloy 600 degradation, by John Wilson, Exelon Nuclear Corporation; Condensate polishing innovation, by Lewis Crone, Dominion Millstone Power Station; Reducing deposits in steam generators, by the Electric Power Research Institute; and, Minimizing Radiological effluent releases, by the Electric Power Research Institute. The plant profile article is titled 2008 - a year of 'firsts' for AmerenUE's Callaway plant, by Rick Eastman, AmerenUE.

  1. Magnetic and transport properties of heat-treated polyparaphenylene-based carbons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matthews, M.J.; Kobayashi, N.; Dresselhaus, M.S.; Endo, M.; Enoki, T.; Karaki, T.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron spin resonance (ESR), magnetic susceptibility, and transport measurements were recently performed on a set of heat-treated polyparaphenylene (PPP)-based carbon samples, which are of significant interest as novel carbon-based anode electrodes in Li-ion batteries. Attention is focused on the evolution of the carbonaceous structures formed at low heat-treatment temperatures (T{sub HT}) in the regime of 600 C {le} T{sub HT} {le} 800 C, where percolative transport behavior is observed. At the percolation threshold, T{sub HT}{sup c} {approx} 700 C the coexistence of two spin centers with peak-to-peak Lorentzian linewidths of {Delta}H{sub pp}(300K) = 0.5 and 5.0 G is observed. The relatively high ratio of hydrogen carbon (H/C) near T{sub HT}{sup c} is believed to influence the ESR results through an unresolved hyperfine interaction. Curie-Weiss temperatures are found from measurements of [I{sub pp}({Delta}H{sub pp}){sup 2}]{sup {minus}1}, where I{sub pp} is the peak-to-peak lineheight, yielding results that are in agreement with static susceptibility, {chi}(T), measurements. At low T{sub HT}, PPP-based materials exhibit a large amount of disorder and this is evidenced by the high density of localized spins, N{sub C}, which is obtained from a Curie-Weiss fit to {chi}(T), assuming a spin quantum number of S = {1/2}. A model explaining the microstructure and high electrochemical doping capacity of PPP samples heat-treated to 700 C can be related to Li-ion battery performance.

  2. Consistent integral equations for two- and three-body-force models: Application to a model of silicon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laird, Brian Bostian; Wang, Jun; Haymet, A. D. J.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PA at constant temperature and chemical potential, with re- spect to g( )(ri, r2, rs), g( )(r), and p yields the set of equations, g (ri r2 r3) = g"'(T12)g (T13)g (T23) ~ ~ —Pu (rl, r2, r3) Pp = ln(pA ) —-'[h(0) —c(0)] +p dr ( z h (r) —c(r) —g( ) (r...)Pu(3) (r)), (8) where dr3 g( )(r13)g (r23) x [e Ptc (I'y, 1'2,1'3) 1] (9) is the averaged three-body potential. The direct corre- lation function c(r) is defined by the Ornstein-Zernicke (OZ) equation h(T12) = c(r12) + p dr3 c(r13)h(T23) 2494 BRIAN B...

  3. Surface segregation at the aluminum interface of poly(3-hexylthiophene)/fullerene solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orimo, Akiko; Masuda, Kohji; Honda, Satoshi; Benten, Hiroaki; Ito, Shinzaburo [Department of Polymer Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan); Ohkita, Hideo [Department of Polymer Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Kyoto 615-8510, Japan and PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), 4-1-8 Honcho Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Tsuji, Hiroshi [Department of Electronic Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan)

    2010-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of thermal annealing before and after Al deposition on poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT)/[6,6]-phenyl-C{sub 61} butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) blend solar cells were investigated by current density-voltage measurements and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Compared to the preannealed device, the postannealed device exhibited enhanced open-circuit voltage (V{sub OC}), which is ascribed to the decrease in the reverse saturation current density J{sub 0}. The XPS measurements demonstrated that P3HT is dominant at the Al interface in the preannealed device while PCBM is instead dominant in the postannealed device. This surface-segregated PCBM formed in the postannealed device can serve as a hole-blocking layer at the Al interface to reduce J{sub 0}, and therefore improve V{sub OC}.

  4. Improvement of charge injection efficiency in organic-inorganic hybrid solar cells by chemical modification of metal oxides with organic molecules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kudo, Naomi; Honda, Satoshi; Shimazaki, Yuta; Ohkita, Hideo; Ito, Shinzaburo; Benten, Hiroaki [Department of Polymer Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Nishikyo, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan); International Innovation Center, Kyoto University, Katsura, Nishikyo, Kyoto 615-8520 (Japan)

    2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of chemical modification of metal oxide surface with dye molecules in organic-inorganic hybrid solid solar cells was studied by using double layered cells consisting of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and a flat layer of dense TiO{sub 2}. The external quantum efficiency of the chemically modified cell was nearly double that expected from the photosensitizing effect of the dye molecules. The additional increase shows that the chemical modification with dye molecules can serve not only as a photosensitizer but mainly as an energy funnel and/or an electronic mediator to significantly improve the electron injection efficiency from P3HT to TiO{sub 2}.

  5. In vitro growth of immature peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] embryos as related to carbohydrate source and pH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinclair, Jonathan Walker

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in a refrigerator at 4'C for a maximum of 6 months. 18 Table 4. Com osition of stock solutions used in Wood Plant Medium. Stock Solution g/L ml/L Final concentration m Macro Stock: Ammonium nitrate: ~NOq Calcium nitrate: Ca(NOq)s. 4HtO... Magnesium sulfate: MgSO4 . 7HsO Calcium chloride: CaClq. 2HsO Potassium Stock: Potassium sulfate: Kq SO4 Potassium phosphate: KHzPO& Micro Stock: Boric acid: HqBOs Sodium molybdate: NapMo04. 2HtO Manganous sulfate: MnSO4. HsO Zinc sulfate: ZnSO4...

  6. Application of wavelet multiresolution analysis to the study of self-similarity and intermittency of plasma turbulence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, G. S.; Wan, B. N.; Zhang, W. [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China)

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiresolution property of wavelet analysis makes it a powerful tool in describing turbulent signals. Plasma turbulence similar to its fluid turbulence counterpart shows a degree of self-similarity, intermittency, and multifractal. The multiresolution analysis technique based on a biorthogonal wavelet was applied to the Langmuir probe data to study the self-similarity and the intermittency of plasma fluctuations. The data were collected in the plasma edge region of the HT-7 superconducting tokamak. It is found that plasma turbulence is composed of multiscale eddies; these eddies are similar in structure between different scales; the coexistence of multiscale eddies results in the self-similarity in plasma fluctuations. Large-scale turbulence eddies intermittently burst out; the superposition of these large-scale eddies with those small ones is found responsible for the intermittency behavior. Success of utilizing wavelet multiresolution analysis in the HT-7 tokamak suggests it is a promising technique in the understanding of the turbulence structures.

  7. Graphene composite for improvement in the conversion efficiency of flexible poly 3-hexyl-thiophene:[6,6]-phenyl C{sub 71} butyric acid methyl ester polymer solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chauhan, A. K., E-mail: akchau@barc.gov.in, E-mail: akc.barc@gmail.com; Gusain, Abhay; Jha, P.; Koiry, S. P.; Saxena, Vibha; Veerender, P.; Aswal, D. K.; Gupta, S. K. [Technical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai-400085 (India)

    2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The solution of thin graphene-sheets obtained from a simple ultrasonic exfoliation process was found to chemically interact with [6,6]-phenyl C{sub 71} butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) molecules. The thinner graphene-sheets have significantly altered the positions of highest occupied molecular orbital and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of PCBM, which is beneficial for the enhancement of the open circuit voltage of the solar cells. Flexible bulk heterojunction solar cells fabricated using poly 3-hexylthiophene (P3HT):PCBM-graphene exhibited a power conversion efficiency of 2.51%, which is a ?2-fold increase as compared to those fabricated using P3HT:PCBM. Inclusion of graphene-sheets not only improved the open-circuit voltage but also enhanced the short-circuit current density owing to an improved electron transport.

  8. Organic photovoltaic cells with controlled polarization sensitivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Awartani, Omar; O'Connor, Brendan T., E-mail: btoconno@ncsu.edu [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 (United States); Kudenov, Michael W. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 (United States)

    2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, we demonstrate linearly polarized organic photovoltaic cells with a well-controlled level of polarization sensitivity. The polarized devices were created through the application of a large uniaxial strain to the bulk heterojunction poly(3-hexylthiophene):Phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (P3HT:PCBM) film and printing the plastically deformed active layer onto a PEDOT:PSS and indium tin oxide coated glass substrate. The P3HT:PCBM layer is processed such that it is able to accommodate high strains (over 100%) without fracture. After printing the strained films, thermal annealing is used to optimize solar cell performance while maintaining polarization sensitivity. A dichroic ratio and short circuit current ratio of ?6.1 and ?1.6 were achieved, respectively.

  9. Archibald MacLeish's J. B.: A collated text with a critical introduction.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, William Edward

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pub- lishers, Inc. , 1965) . 3This, of course, is not my own idea; it is a paraphrase of E t'thf t JAth:F' t~dl t, h'F&k'k, d Rh t E. Sp'll d th ' ~h't* H~t f th H 't d Stt (New York: Macmillan, 1963), thus basically a universally recognized..., in a girl's lap, In a fire of thorns, in a dream, in a boy born on the Same day at. the very hour: Giver of every good. . . . (p. 3(7) But this giver of good is the giver "Oi' evils also, of the slaugh- tered city, / The youth killed by the horse...

  10. Mechanism of depression of the spinal pain syndrome by serotonin derivatives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kryzhanovskii, G.N.; Lutsenko, N.G.; Grafova, V.N.; Danilova, E.I.; Lutsenko, V.K.; Gordeev, E.N.; Kalacheva, N.A.; Suvorov, N.N.

    1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors compare the ability of 5-HT derivatives to stimulate adenylate cyclase in the nervous system with their action on the intensity of the spinal pain syndrome (SPS), induced by the creation of a generator of pathologically enhanced excitation in the lumbar segments of the spinal cord of rats. An SPS was induced in rats by applying the sodium salt of benzylpenicillin to the dorsal surface of the lumbar segments of the spinal cord. The effect of 5-HT derivatives on activity of serotonin-sensitive adenylate cyclase was estimated from the change in cAMP concentration in the synaptosomes. During the experiments, the disintegrated synaptosomes were removed by centrifugation after which the cAMP concentration in the supernatant was determined by means of a kit of reagents for radioligand determination of cAMP. Radioactivity was measured on a scintillation spectrometer.

  11. The culture of some marine fishes in ponds receiving heated discharge water from a power plant 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luebke, Richard William

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and sampled to determine survival, growth, condition, and for saltmarsh species reproduction: bay anchovy, Anchoa 'tch'lll (Valenc' nnes); h epshead m'n ow, ~Cr' r t Led:*oc'tfth, Gb ff'1(a'Md Gt d); a'lf' molly, P '1'a~tt' 'n (L ); lfd wats 'Iv 'd, M 'd...' beryl)'n (C p ); Pl 'da p p, P ht t 1 (Lf );Atl t' k, ~Mt d lt (L' 1; bl kd om, P~ac 's (Id eos); reddr, ~dc' n* o ll t (L' ): t 'p d list, ~Mtt ~ht 11 LITERATURE REVIEW Pond culture of fish has been going on for centuries virtually throughout...

  12. Further Charpy impact test results of low activation ferritic alloys, irradiated at 430{degrees}C to 67 dpa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schubert, L.E.; Hamilton, M.L.; Gelles, D.S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Miniature CVN specimens of four ferritic alloys, GA3X, F82H, GA4X and HT9, have been impact tested following irradiation at 430{degrees}C to 67 dpa. Comparison of the results with those of the previously tested lower dose irradiation condition indicates that the GA3X and F82H alloys, two primary candidate low activation alloys, exhibit virtually identical behavior following irradiation at 430{degrees}C to {approximately}67 dpa and at 370{degrees}C to {approximately}15 dpa. Very little shift is observed in either DBTT or USE relative to the unirradiated condition. The shifts in DBTT and USE observed in both GA4X and HT9 were smaller after irradiation at 430{degrees}C to {approximately}67 dpa than after irradiation at 370{degrees}C to {approximately}15 dpa.

  13. Solvent polarity and nanoscale morphology in bulk heterojunction organic solar cells: A case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, Ajith [Centre for Nano-Bio-Polymer Science and Technology, Department of Physics, St. Thomas College, Pala, Kerala 686574 (India); Research and Development Centre, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu 641046 (India); Elsa Tom, Anju; Ison, V. V., E-mail: isonvv@yahoo.in, E-mail: praveen@materials.iisc.ernet.in [Centre for Nano-Bio-Polymer Science and Technology, Department of Physics, St. Thomas College, Pala, Kerala 686574 (India); Rao, Arun D.; Varman, K. Arul; Ranjith, K.; Ramamurthy, Praveen C., E-mail: isonvv@yahoo.in, E-mail: praveen@materials.iisc.ernet.in [Department of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, Karnataka 560012 (India); Vinayakan, R. [Department of Chemistry, SVR NSS College Vazhoor, Kerala 686505 (India)

    2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic bulk heterojunction solar cells were fabricated under identical experimental conditions, except by varying the solvent polarity used for spin coating the active layer components and their performance was evaluated systematically. Results showed that presence of nitrobenzene-chlorobenzene composition governs the morphology of active layer formed, which is due to the tuning of solvent polarity as well as the resulting solubility of the P3HT:PCBM blend. Trace amount of nitrobenzene favoured the formation of better organised P3HT domains, as evident from conductive AFM, tapping mode AFM and surface, and cross-sectional SEM analysis. The higher interfacial surface area thus generated produced cells with high efficiency. But, an increase in the nitrobenzene composition leads to a decrease in cell performance, which is due to the formation of an active layer with larger size polymer domain networks with poor charge separation possibility.

  14. Gamma prime embrittlement and thermal fatigue cracking of a hydrogen reformer burner end

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dias, O.C.; Mack, N.C. [Amoco Oil Co., Texas City, TX (United States)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An investigation into the premature failure of an Alloy 800HT (UNS N08811) oxygen-gas mixer water jacketed end is discussed. Detailed metallurgical analyses showed that gamma prime [Ni{sub 3} (Al, Ti)] embrittlement and thermal fatigue cracking led to eventual leakage. The reduced lif e of the Alloy 800HT (UNS N08811) replacement (problems after only a year) was traced to its higher Al + Ti content (1.1%) compared to Alloy 800H (0.6% Al + Ti) which lasted over two years. While higher aluminum and titanium levels improve high temperature creep and stress rupture properties, both are sigma formers and, at levels > 0.6%, tend to form gamma prime with nickel. The choice of alternative metallurgies requires careful considerations of physical, mechanical and thermal properties as well as an understanding of complex stresses and stress distributions.

  15. High-performance hybrid organic-inorganic solar cell based on planar n-type silicon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chi, Dan [Key Laboratory of Semiconductor Materials Science, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China); Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, CAS Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Qi, Boyuan; Wang, Jizheng [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, CAS Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Qu, Shengchun, E-mail: qsc@semi.ac.cn; Wang, Zhanguo [Key Laboratory of Semiconductor Materials Science, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China)

    2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Hybrid organic-inorganic solar cells were fabricated by spin coating the hole transporting conductive poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) film on n-type crystalline silicon (n-Si). By incorporating different additives into the PEDOT:PSS, the conductivity and wettability of PEDOT:PSS film are markedly improved, and the device performance is greatly enhanced accordingly. To further optimize the device performance, poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) layer was inserted between the n-Si and PEDOT:PSS layer. The P3HT layer blocks electrons from diffusing to the PEDOT:PSS, and hence reduces recombination at the anode side. The device eventually exhibits a high power conversion efficiency of 11.52%.

  16. Micro-cooler enhancements by barrier interface analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephen, A.; Dunn, G. M. [Department of Physics, University of Aberdeen, King's College, AB24 3UE Aberdeen (United Kingdom)] [Department of Physics, University of Aberdeen, King's College, AB24 3UE Aberdeen (United Kingdom); Glover, J.; Oxley, C. H. [Department of Engineering, De Montfort University, Gateway, LE1 9BH Leicester (United Kingdom)] [Department of Engineering, De Montfort University, Gateway, LE1 9BH Leicester (United Kingdom); Bajo, M. Montes; Kuball, M. [Center for Device Thermography and Reliability, H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, BS8 1TL Bristol (United Kingdom)] [Center for Device Thermography and Reliability, H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, BS8 1TL Bristol (United Kingdom); Cumming, D. R. S.; Khalid, A. [School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Rankine Building, G12 8LT Glasgow (United Kingdom)] [School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Rankine Building, G12 8LT Glasgow (United Kingdom)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel gallium arsenide (GaAs) based micro-cooler design, previously analysed both experimentally and by an analytical Heat Transfer (HT) model, has been simulated using a self-consistent Ensemble Monte Carlo (EMC) model for a more in depth analysis of the thermionic cooling in the device. The best fit to the experimental data was found and was used in conjunction with the HT model to estimate the cooler-contact resistance. The cooling results from EMC indicated that the cooling power of the device is highly dependent on the charge distribution across the leading interface. Alteration of this charge distribution via interface extensions on the nanometre scale has shown to produce significant changes in cooler performance.

  17. Tailored benzoxazines as novel resin systems for printed circuit boards in high temperature e-mobility applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Troeger, K., E-mail: altstaedt@uni-bayreuth.de; Darka, R. Khanpour, E-mail: altstaedt@uni-bayreuth.de; Neumeyer, T., E-mail: altstaedt@uni-bayreuth.de; Altstaedt, V., E-mail: altstaedt@uni-bayreuth.de [Polymer Engineering, University of Bayreuth, Germany and Polymer Engineering, Universitaetsstrasse 30, 95447 Bayreuth (Germany)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study focuses on the development of Bisphenol-F-benzoxazine resins blended with different ratios of a trifunctional epoxy resin suitable as matrix for substrates for high temperature printed circuit board (HT-PCB) applications. With the benzoxazine blends glass transition temperatures of more than 190 °C could be achieved in combination with a coefficient of thermal expansion in thickness direction (z-CTE) of less than 60 ppm/K without adding any fillers. This shows the high potential of the benzoxazine-epoxy blend systems as substrate materials for HT-PCBs. To understand the thermal behavior of the different formulations, the apparent crosslink density was calculated based on data from Dynamic Mechanical Analysis. Laminates in laboratory scale were prepared and characterized to demonstrate the transformation of the neat resin properties into real electronic substrate properties. The produced laminates exhibit a z-CTE below 40 ppm/K.

  18. An investigation of symmetry in upper extremity strength during sagittal plane lifting tasks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Key, Wendy Ross

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    438. 76 461. 61 S. D. 26. 73 29. 60 18. 40 25. 03 103. 42 86. 07 Note: Data collected at a rate of 50 Hz. 52 APPENDIX I LIFTING TESTS DATA 53 LIFTING TESTS DATA (N) STOOP LIFT Left Ri ht SQUAT LIFT Left Ri ht Sub'ect Trial Av . S. D. Av . S.... D. Av . S. D. Av . S. D 2 137. 89 1. 97 118. 05 5. 30 162. 09 7. 77 148. 83 10. 75 3 113. 11 5. 56 97. 01 5. 14 120. 05 3. 83 130. 33 3. 72 4 143. 98 11. 16 134. 55 5. 78 119. 56 5. 77 129. 57 4. 50 2 134. 06 13. 08 88. 69 10. 18 135. 31 9. 04...

  19. Quantum Energy Expectation in Periodic Time-Dependent hamiltonians via Green Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cesar R. de Oliveira; Mariza S. Simsen

    2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Let $U_F$ be the Floquet operator of a time periodic hamiltonian $H(t)$. For each positive and discrete observable $A$ (which we call a {\\em probe energy}), we derive a formula for the Laplace time average of its expectation value up to time $T$ in terms of its eigenvalues and Green functions at the circle of radius $e^{1/T}$. Some simple applications are provided which support its usefulness.

  20. Historical Doses from Tritiated Water and Tritiated Hydrogen Gas Released to the Atmosphere from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Part 5. Accidental Releases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, S

    2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the course of fifty-three years, LLNL had six acute releases of tritiated hydrogen gas (HT) and one acute release of tritiated water vapor (HTO) that were too large relative to the annual releases to be included as part of the annual releases from normal operations detailed in Parts 3 and 4 of the Tritium Dose Reconstruction (TDR). Sandia National Laboratories/California (SNL/CA) had one such release of HT and one of HTO. Doses to the maximally exposed individual (MEI) for these accidents have been modeled using an equation derived from the time-dependent tritium model, UFOTRI, and parameter values based on expert judgment. All of these acute releases are described in this report. Doses that could not have been exceeded from the large HT releases of 1965 and 1970 were calculated to be 43 {micro}Sv (4.3 mrem) and 120 {micro}Sv (12 mrem) to an adult, respectively. Two published sets of dose predictions for the accidental HT release in 1970 are compared with the dose predictions of this TDR. The highest predicted dose was for an acute release of HTO in 1954. For this release, the dose that could not have been exceeded was estimated to have been 2 mSv (200 mrem), although, because of the high uncertainty about the predictions, the likely dose may have been as low as 360 {micro}Sv (36 mrem) or less. The estimated maximum exposures from the accidental releases were such that no adverse health effects would be expected. Appendix A lists all accidents and large routine puff releases that have occurred at LLNL and SNL/CA between 1953 and 2005. Appendix B describes the processes unique to tritium that must be modeled after an acute release, some of the time-dependent tritium models being used today, and the results of tests of these models.

  1. Size, Solubility, and the Serotonin-Gated Ion Channel Receptor: In Search of an Improved Extracellular Domain Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Emily S

    2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    sample ....................................................................19 5 Plates of bacteria transformed with the 5-HT 3 plasmid .......................................19 6 Double digest of mini-preps for sequencing... at 42?C and placed on ice again for 5 minutes. After shaking at 225 rpm for 30 minutes at 37?C in LB medium, the bacterial solution was centrifuged at 14000 rpm for 2 minutes. The bacterial pellet was resuspended in 50 ?L of LB containing 0.5 ?L...

  2. Application of fundamental kinetic modeling to industrial chlorination and partial oxidation processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Joseph Hsiao-Tien

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . 745 74. 796 71. 942 73. 792 74. 841 76. 423 80. 223 78. 535 Table g. Calculated Coefficients for Specific Heat in Eq. 3 A B C D CHB-OOH CHs-C=OOOH CHs-CHsOOH CHs-OO-CHs CHs-C=O-CHO C Hs-C=O-C HtO H CHs-C=O-C=O-CHs CH, -CH, -C=O-CHs 1...

  3. 305Sec. 4-9 Pump Placement To Avoid Cavitation -r-;0-J.s;,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    305Sec. 4-9 Pump Placement To Avoid Cavitation 6o q -.:.. 1.01 ll.oo -r-;0- J.s;, with permission, Worthington Division, McGraw-Edison Co.) changes in the downstream direction until the pump inletHt - g - (4-35a)Pfgc Pressure in suction tank P, Suction pressure Pump FIGURE 4-43 System schematic

  4. Solid breeder/structure mechanical interaction and thermal stability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Y.Y.; Billone, M.C.; Taghavi, K.

    1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solid breeder/structure mechanical interaction (BSMI) during fusion reactor blanket operation is a potential failure mode which could limit the lifetime of the blanket. The severity of BSMI will generally depend on the materials, specific blanket designs, and blanket operating conditions. Thermomechanical analyses performed for a helium-cooled blanket employing Li/sub 2/O/HT-9 plates indicate that BSMI could be a serious concern for this blanket.

  5. Intracellular trafficking and plasma membrane microdomain distribution of the NSP4 enterotoxin during rotavirus infection in epithelial cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Storey, Stephen Michael

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ). Elevated levels of prostaglandin induced by RV infection and calcium (Ca2+)-mediated sodium secretion induced by NSP4 provide potential clues about the mechanism of RV secretory diarrhea. 2 At the molecular level, RV is composed of an 11 double...104 and HT-29 cells (Zhang et al., 2000). The nocodazole-sensitivity and brefeldin A-insensitivity of this secretion suggests that NSP4 ER to PM transport during infection is microtubule-dependent and Golgi- bypassing, respectively. The ability...

  6. Differential expression of nanog1 and nanogp8 in colon cancer cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ishiguro, Tatsuya; Sato, Ai; Ohata, Hirokazu; Sakai, Hiroaki [Division of Cancer Differentiation, National Cancer Center Research Institute, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0045 (Japan)] [Division of Cancer Differentiation, National Cancer Center Research Institute, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0045 (Japan); Nakagama, Hitoshi, E-mail: hnakagam@ncc.go.jp [Division of Cancer Development System, National Cancer Center Research Institute, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0045 (Japan)] [Division of Cancer Development System, National Cancer Center Research Institute, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0045 (Japan); Okamoto, Koji, E-mail: kojokamo@ncc.go.jo [Division of Cancer Differentiation, National Cancer Center Research Institute, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0045 (Japan)] [Division of Cancer Differentiation, National Cancer Center Research Institute, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0045 (Japan)

    2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Nanog is expressed in a majority of colon cancer cell lines examined. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Both nanog1 and nanogp8 are expressed in colon cancer cells with varying ratios. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Nanog mediates cell proliferation of colon cancer cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Nanog predominantly localizes in cytoplasm of colon cancer cells. -- Abstract: Nanog, a homeodomain transcription factor, is an essential regulator for promotion of self-renewal of embryonic stem cells and inhibition of their differentiation. It has been demonstrated that nanog1 as well as nanogp8, a retrogene of nanog1, is preferentially expressed in advanced stages of several types of cancer, suggesting their involvement during cancer progression. Here, we investigated the expression of Nanog in well-characterized colon cancer cell lines. Expression of Nanog was detectable in 5 (HCT116, HT29, RKO, SW48, SW620) out of seven cell lines examined. RNA expression analyses of nanog1 and nanogp8 indicated that, while nanog1 was a major form in SW620 as well as in teratoma cells Tera-2, nanogp8 was preferentially expressed in HT29 and HCT116. In accordance with this, shRNA-mediated knockdown of nanog1 caused the reduction of Nanog in SW620 but not in HT29. Inhibition of Nanog in SW620 cells negatively affected cell proliferation and tumor formation in mouse xenograft. Biochemical subcellular fractionation and immunostaining analyses revealed predominant localization of Nanog in cytoplasm in SW620 and HT29, while it was mainly localized in nucleus in Tera-2. Our data indicate that nanog1 and nanogp8 are differentially expressed in colon cancer cells, and suggest that their expression contributes to proliferation of colon cancer cells.

  7. Neuroscience Letters, 70 (1986) 283 288 283 Evidence for separate receptors that mediate parallel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrne, John H.

    ganglia. The results indicated that 5-HT and SCPu enhance the production of cAMP via a direct activation for 30 rain at 4°C, the pellet was washed once with 25 mM Tris-HCl buffer containing 1 mM EGTA and 2 mM 2-mercaptoethanol, and recentrifuged at 100,000 g for 30 rain. The final membrane pellet was resuspended in 25 m

  8. Effects of three intensities of grazing by domestic livestock and deer under yearlong grazing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallentine, John Franklin

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    )x:o 7 5 (co nt in ue d nex t pa ge ) 26 -p ? oO CM ft)r-H ?8H Ci) ? P. 0 c .J ? r l r h o CO h[ UN P$J Ht Co A cr\\ ft) i?I ?3t?1 ft) CD] sG X5o r N r[h ?r iS J? $0 ?$? $0 uD hh? 5 $0...

  9. 110 kW Stationary Combined Heat and Power Systems Status and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the status of 1­10 kW CHP stationary fuel cell systems and to comment on the achievability of cost-temperature proton exchange membrane (LT-PEM) fuel cell systems operating, for the most part, in a temperature range of 60°­90°C; high temperature PEM (HT-PEM) fuel cell systems operating in a temperature range of 130

  10. Encouraging Early Clinical Outcomes With Helical Tomotherapy-Based Image-Guided Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy for Residual, Recurrent, and/or Progressive Benign/Low-Grade Intracranial Tumors: A Comprehensive Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, Tejpal, E-mail: tejpalgupta@rediffmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, ACTREC/TMH, Tata Memorial Centre, Kharghar, Navi Mumbai (India); Wadasadawala, Tabassum; Master, Zubin; Phurailatpam, Reena; Pai-Shetty, Rajershi; Jalali, Rakesh [Department of Radiation Oncology, ACTREC/TMH, Tata Memorial Centre, Kharghar, Navi Mumbai (India)

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To report early clinical outcomes of helical tomotherapy (HT)-based image-guided intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in brain tumors of varying shape, size, and location. Materials and Methods: Patients with residual, recurrent, and/or progressive low-grade intracranial and skull-base tumors were treated on a prospective protocol of HT-based IMRT and followed clinicoradiologically. Standardized metrics were used for plan evaluation and outcome analysis. Results: Twenty-seven patients with 30 lesions were treated to a median radiotherapy dose of 54 Gy in 30 fractions. All HT plans resulted in excellent target volume coverage with steep dose-gradients. The mean (standard deviation) dose homogeneity index and conformity index was 0.07 (0.05) and 0.71 (0.08) respectively. At first response assessment, 20 of 30 lesions were stable, whereas 9 showed partial regression. One patient with a recurrent clival chordoma though neurologically stable showed imaging-defined progression, whereas another patient with stable disease on serial imaging had sustained neurologic worsening. With a median follow-up of 19 months (interquartile range, 11-26 months), the 2-year clinicoradiological progression-free survival and overall survival was 93.3% and 100% respectively. Conclusions: Careful selection of radiotherapy technique is warranted for benign/low-grade brain tumors to achieve durable local control with minimum long-term morbidity. Large or complex-shaped tumors benefit most from IMRT. Our early clinical experience of HT-based IMRT for brain tumors has been encouraging.

  11. Institut des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques (Bures-sur-Yvette, France) Thibault Damour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damour, Thibault

    -Schäfer 1988] QED positronium states [Brezin, Itzykson, Zinn-Justin 1970] FPadé resummation [DIS 1998] h(t) : [Davis, Ruffini, Tiomno 1972] CLAP [Price-Pullin 1994] Burst: the particle crosses the "light ring", r=3M energy and of the spin of the final black hole, e.g. J/M2 ~ 0.795 [2PN, LSO, BD00]; 0.77 [3PN, >LSO, BCD

  12. Model relation between the energy-band edge and the Fermi level of the nondegenerate semiconductor TiO2: Application to electrochemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Weixue

    , i.e., anatase and rutile, are widely used in photocatalysis and dye-sensitized solar cell DSSC, is demonstrated in the comparative studies of anatase and rutile TiO2 that are used in photocatalysis and dye-sensitized solar cells. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.82.235109 PACS number s : 82.45.Vp, 71.38.Ht, 73.40. c, 82.47.Jk I

  13. A southern black community comes of age: black San Antonio in the Great Depression, 1930-1941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Charles Christopher

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A&M University Press, 1984) compares the Depression This thesis follows the format of the Journal of 9 t ~Ht experiences of black, white, and Mexican American women of San Antonio. Judy Kaaz Doyle's "Maury Maverick and Racial Politics in San...A SOUTHERN BLACK COMMUNITY COMES OF AGE: BLACK SAN ANTONIO IN THE GREAT DEPRESSION, 1930-1941 A Thesis by CHARLES CHRISTOPHER JACKSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

  14. miR-122 targets NOD2 to decrease intestinal epithelial cell injury in Crohn’s disease

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Yu; Wang, Chengxiao; Liu, Ying; Tang, Liwei; Zheng, Mingxia [Department of Pediatrics, Jiangwan Hospital of Shanghai, Shanghai 200434 (China)] [Department of Pediatrics, Jiangwan Hospital of Shanghai, Shanghai 200434 (China); Xu, Chundi [Department of Pediatrics, Ruijin affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200025 (China)] [Department of Pediatrics, Ruijin affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200025 (China); Song, Jian, E-mail: jiansongkxy@126.com [Department of Gastroenterology, Jiangwan Hospital of Shanghai, Shanghai 200434 (China)] [Department of Gastroenterology, Jiangwan Hospital of Shanghai, Shanghai 200434 (China); Meng, Xiaochun [Department of Pediatrics, Jiangwan Hospital of Shanghai, Shanghai 200434 (China)] [Department of Pediatrics, Jiangwan Hospital of Shanghai, Shanghai 200434 (China)

    2013-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: •NOD2 is a target gene of miR-122. •miR-122 inhibits LPS-induced apoptosis by suppressing NOD2 in HT-29 cells. •miR-122 reduces the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-? and IFN-?). •miR-122 promotes the release of anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-4 and IL-10). •NF-?B signaling pathway is involved in inflammatory response induced by LPS. -- Abstract: Crohn’s disease (CD) is one of the two major types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) thought to be caused by genetic and environmental factors. Recently, miR-122 was found to be deregulated in association with CD progression. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, the gene nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 2 (NOD2/CARD15), which is strongly associated with susceptibility to CD, was identified as a functional target of miR-122. MiR-122 inhibited LPS-induced apoptosis by suppressing NOD2 in HT-29 cells. NOD2 interaction with LPS initiates signal transduction mechanisms resulting in the activation of nuclear factor ?B (NF-?B) and the stimulation of downstream pro-inflammatory events. The activation of NF-?B was inhibited in LPS-stimulated HT-29 cells pretreated with miR-122 precursor or NOD2 shRNA. The expression of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-? and IFN-? was significantly decreased, whereas therelease of the anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-4 and IL-10 was increased in LPS-stimulated HT-29 cells pretreated with miR-122 precursor, NOD2 shRNA or the NF-?B inhibitor QNZ. Taken together, these results indicate that miR-122 and its target gene NOD2 may play an important role in the injury of intestinal epithelial cells induced by LPS.

  15. Dangling Bond Defects: The Critical Roadblock to Efficient Photoconversion in Hybrid Quantum Dot Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Zhigang

    Solar Cells Huashan Li,* Zhigang Wu,* and Mark T. Lusk* Department of Physics, Colorado School of Mines by dangling bonds. INTRODUCTION SiQD-based inorganic-organic hybrid solar cells are an attractive candidate-6 10-5 cm2 V-1 s-1 )7 causes the poor performance of the SiQD/P3HT solar cells.6 It is widely believed

  16. Helical Tomotherapy vs. Intensity-Modulated Proton Therapy for Whole Pelvis Irradiation in High-Risk Prostate Cancer Patients: Dosimetric, Normal Tissue Complication Probability, and Generalized Equivalent Uniform Dose Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Widesott, Lamberto, E-mail: widesott@yahoo.it [Agenzia Provinciale per la Protonterapia, Trento (Italy); Pierelli, Alessio; Fiorino, Claudio [Department of Medical Physics, St. Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan (Italy); Lomax, Antony J. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen (Switzerland); Amichetti, Maurizio [Agenzia Provinciale per la Protonterapia, Trento (Italy); Cozzarini, Cesare [Department of Radiotherapy, St. Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan (Italy); Soukup, Martin [Section for Biomedical Physics, Universitatsklinik fur Radioonkologie, Tubingen (Germany); Schneider, Ralf; Hug, Eugen [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen (Switzerland); Di Muzio, Nadia [Department of Radiotherapy, St. Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan (Italy); Calandrino, Riccardo [Department of Medical Physics, St. Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan (Italy); Schwarz, Marco [Agenzia Provinciale per la Protonterapia, Trento (Italy)

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To compare intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT) and helical tomotherapy (HT) treatment plans for high-risk prostate cancer (HRPCa) patients. Methods and Materials: The plans of 8 patients with HRPCa treated with HT were compared with IMPT plans with two quasilateral fields set up (-100{sup o}; 100{sup o}) and optimized with the Hyperion treatment planning system. Both techniques were optimized to simultaneously deliver 74.2 Gy/Gy relative biologic effectiveness (RBE) in 28 fractions on planning target volumes (PTVs)3-4 (P + proximal seminal vesicles), 65.5 Gy/Gy(RBE) on PTV2 (distal seminal vesicles and rectum/prostate overlapping), and 51.8 Gy/Gy(RBE) to PTV1 (pelvic lymph nodes). Normal tissue calculation probability (NTCP) calculations were performed for the rectum, and generalized equivalent uniform dose (gEUD) was estimated for the bowel cavity, penile bulb and bladder. Results: A slightly better PTV coverage and homogeneity of target dose distribution with IMPT was found: the percentage of PTV volume receiving {>=}95% of the prescribed dose (V{sub 95%}) was on average >97% in HT and >99% in IMPT. The conformity indexes were significantly lower for protons than for photons, and there was a statistically significant reduction of the IMPT dosimetric parameters, up to 50 Gy/Gy(RBE) for the rectum and bowel and 60 Gy/Gy(RBE) for the bladder. The NTCP values for the rectum were higher in HT for all the sets of parameters, but the gain was small and in only a few cases statistically significant. Conclusions: Comparable PTV coverage was observed. Based on NTCP calculation, IMPT is expected to allow a small reduction in rectal toxicity, and a significant dosimetric gain with IMPT, both in medium-dose and in low-dose range in all OARs, was observed.

  17. In the Beginnings: The Apotropaic Use of Scriptural Incipits in Late Antique Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanzo, Joseph Emanuel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    o? otou es6a[i] nn\\4? a`e etbe n[e6]bhue n\\t? autwt n_6hta]6 6itootou es6ai n__n_4a`e etbe ne6b? h? ue ntau[t]w? e6a6 6itootou es6ai nen4a`e etbe ne6bhue n\\tatwt n\\6ht

  18. Radiation from Dwarf Nova Discs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irit Idan; Jean-Pierre Lasota; Jean-Marie Hameury; Giora Shaviv

    1998-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the Shaviv and Wehrse (1991) code to model the vertical structure and the emission properties of quiescent dwarf nova discs. We find that in the case of HT Cas the quiescent disc must be optically thin, in contradiction with the requirements of the standard disc instability model. We find a viscosity parameter alpha > 1. Although this is much less than values (~ 100) obtained in isothermal slab models it is not consistent with the accretion disc model assumptions.

  19. Copper- and silver-zirconia aerogels: Preparation, structural properties and catalytic behavior in methanol synthesis from carbon dioxide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koeppel, R.A.; Stoecker, C.; Baiker, A. [Swiss Federal Inst. of Technology, Zuerich (Switzerland). Lab. of Technical Chemistry] [Swiss Federal Inst. of Technology, Zuerich (Switzerland). Lab. of Technical Chemistry

    1998-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Copper- and silver-zirconia aerogels containing 10 at% IB metal were prepared from tetra-n-butoxy zirconium(IV) and IB metal acetates using the solution sol-gel method and ensuring high-temperature (HT) and low-temperature (LT) supercritical drying, respectively. The influence of preparation parameters and calcination on the structural and catalytic properties of the aerogels for the synthesis of methanol from carbon dioxide and hydrogen was investigated. After calcination in air at 573 K, the catalysts had BET surface areas in the range of 100--143 m{sup 2}/g (Cu/ZrO{sub 2}) and 77--125 m{sup 2}/g (Ag/ZrO{sub 2}), respectively. Due to the reductive alcoholic atmosphere during high-temperature supercritical drying, metallic copper and silver existed in all raw HT-aerogels. The mean size of the copper crystallites wa/s 30 nm. The silver crystallite size for the HT-aerogel prepared with nitric acid was 10 nm, whereas for samples prepared with acetic acid it was 5--7 nm. Calcination in air at 573 K led to the formation of highly dispersed amorphous copper oxide and silver. Comparing the catalytic behavior of the calcined copper-zirconia aerogels with corresponding xerogels prepared by coprecipitation revealed highest activity for the LT-aerogel, whereas the HT-aerogels were least active. In contrast, similar catalytic behavior was observed for the differently dried silver-zirconia samples. Generally, CO{sub 2}-conversion of the copper-zirconia samples. Generally, CO{sub 2}-conversion of the copper-zirconia aerogels was markedly higher than that of the corresponding silver-zirconia aerogels, whereas methanol selectivity was similar.

  20. The effects of continuous prenatal and postnatal low dose gamma irradiation on the hemopoietic system of immature Spanish goats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeShaw, James Richard

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Blood Cell Counts (RBC) 28 Irradiation period Post-irradiation period Hematocrit (Ht) 28 31 Irradiation period Post-irradiation period 34 38 Hemoglobin (Hg) 40 Irradiation period Post-irradiation period 40 43 Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV...) Irradiation period Post-irradiation period 44 47 TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued) Chapter Page Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH) Irradiation period Post-irradiation period 4B 51 White Blood Cells (WBC) 53 Irradiation period post-irradiation period 53...

  1. Local Gersten's conjecture for regular system of parameters Satoshi Mochizuki

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and whose projective dimension is less than p by MI A(p). If ht I = p, we write WtI A := MI A. Gersten). The inclusion functor WtI A Mp-1 A in- duces zero maps Kn(WtI A) Kn(Mp-1 A ) for any non-negative integer n system of parameter f1, . . . , fp, then the canonical inclusion functor WtI A MJ A(p) induces the zero

  2. Tsien_Supplementary Figure 1 ISO(min) 0 0 1.5 1.5 5 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsien, Roger Y.

    Tsien_Supplementary Figure 1 ISO(min) 0 0 1.5 1.5 5 5 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 Insulin 1000 1200 0.95 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 Normalizedemissionratio Time (sec) ISO control Insulin CREB phosphorylation. #12;-120 0 120 240 360 480 1.00 1.02 1.04 1.06 1.08 +Ht31p ISO

  3. Determination of wind from Nimbus-6 satellite sounding data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carle, William Everett

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -level and surface wind fields from Nimbus-6 satellite sounding data are developed. These methods are evaluated by comparing satellite-derived and rawinsonde wind fields on gridded constant-pressure charts in four geographical regions. Satellite... interpolated to correspond in time to the satellite pass. Wind direction was interpolated through the smaller angle. t. d ttt' fplt*t' l~h' ht dg t th' ' d Fields of geopotential height were computed from gridded satellite data by integrating...

  4. Aberration-Coreected Electron Microscopy at Brookhaven National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu,Y.; Wall, J.

    2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The last decade witnessed the rapid development and implementation of aberration correction in electron optics, realizing a more-than-70-year-old dream of aberration-free electron microscopy with a spatial resolution below one angstrom [1-9]. With sophisticated aberration correctors, modern electron microscopes now can reveal local structural information unavailable with neutrons and x-rays, such as the local arrangement of atoms, order/disorder, electronic inhomogeneity, bonding states, spin configuration, quantum confinement, and symmetry breaking [10-17]. Aberration correction through multipole-based correctors, as well as the associated improved stability in accelerating voltage, lens supplies, and goniometers in electron microscopes now enables medium-voltage (200-300kV) microscopes to achieve image resolution at or below 0.1nm. Aberration correction not only improves the instrument's spatial resolution but, equally importantly, allows larger objective lens pole-piece gaps to be employed thus realizing the potential of the instrument as a nanoscale property-measurement tool. That is, while retaining high spatial resolution, we can use various sample stages to observe the materials response under various temperature, electric- and magnetic- fields, and atmospheric environments. Such capabilities afford tremendous opportunities to tackle challenging science and technology issues in physics, chemistry, materials science, and biology. The research goal of the electron microscopy group at the Dept. of Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science and the Center for Functional Nanomaterials, as well as the Institute for Advanced Electron Microscopy, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), is to elucidate the microscopic origin of the physical- and chemical-behavior of materials, and the role of individual, or groups of atoms, especially in their native functional environments. We plan to accomplish this by developing and implementing various quantitative electron microscopy techniques in strongly correlated electron systems and nanostructured materials. As a first step, with the support of Materials Science Division, Office of Basic Energy Science, US Department of Energy, and the New York State Office of Science, Technology, and Academic Research, recently we acquired three aberration-corrected electron microscopes from the three major microscope manufacturers, i.e., JEOL, Hitachi, and FEI. The Hitachi HD2700C is equipped with a probe corrector, the FEI Titan 80-300 has an imaging corrector, while the JEOL2200MCO has both. All the correctors are of the dual-hexapole type, designed and manufactured by CEOS GmbH based on the design due to Rose and Haider [3, 18]. All these three are one-of-a-kind in the US, designed for specialized capabilities in characterizing nanoscale structure. In this chapter, we review the performance of these state-of-the art instruments and the new challenges associated with the improved spatial resolution, including the environment requirements of the laboratory that hosts these instruments. Although each instrument we describe here has its own strengths and drawbacks, it is not our intention to rank them in terms of their performance, especially their spatial resolution in imaging.

  5. Differential cross section measurements for the production of a W boson in association with jets in proton–proton collisions at ?s=7 TeV

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Khachatryan, Vardan [Yerevan Physics Institute (Armenia)

    2015-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements are reported of differential cross sections for the production of a W boson, which decays into a muon and a neutrino, in association with jets, as a function of several variables, including the transverse momenta (pT) and pseudorapidities of the four leading jets, the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta (HT), and the difference in azimuthal angle between the directions of each jet and the muon. The data sample of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV was collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 fb?¹. The measured cross sections are compared to predictions from Monte Carlo generators, MADGRAPH + PYTHIA and SHERPA , and to next-to-leading-order calculations from BLACKHAT+ SHERPA . The differential cross sections are found to be in agreement with the predictions, apart from the pT distributions of the leading jets at high pT values, the distributions of the HT at high- HT and low jet multiplicity, and the distribution of the difference in azimuthal angle between the leading jet and the muon at low values.

  6. Bound States for Nano-Tubes with a Dislocation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainer Hempel; Martin Kohlmann; Marko Stautz; Jürgen Voigt

    2015-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    As a model for an interface in solid state physics, we consider two real-valued potentials $V^{(1)}$ and $V^{(2)}$ on the cylinder or tube $S=\\mathbb R \\times (\\mathbb R/\\mathbb Z)$ where we assume that there exists an interval $(a_0,b_0)$ which is free of spectrum of $-\\Delta+V^{(k)}$ for $k=1,2$. We are then interested in the spectrum of $H_t = -\\Delta + V_t$, for $t \\in \\mathbb R$, where $V_t(x,y) = V^{(1)}(x,y)$, for $x > 0$, and $V_t(x,y) = V^{(2)}(x+t,y)$, for $x < 0$. While the essential spectrum of $H_t$ is independent of $t$, we show that discrete spectrum, related to the interface at $x = 0$, is created in the interval $(a_0, b_0)$ at suitable values of the parameter $t$, provided $-\\Delta + V^{(2)}$ has some essential spectrum in $(-\\infty, a_0]$. We do not require $V^{(1)}$ or $V^{(2)}$ to be periodic. We furthermore show that the discrete eigenvalues of $H_t$ are Lipschitz continuous functions of $t$ if the potential $V^{(2)}$ is locally of bounded variation.

  7. Green route synthesis of high quality CdSe quantum dots for applications in light emitting devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bera, Susnata, E-mail: susnata.bera@gmail.com [Department of Physics and Meteorology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721302 (India); Singh, Shashi B. [Department of Physics and Meteorology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721302 (India); Ray, S.K., E-mail: physkr@phy.iitkgp.ernet.in [Department of Physics and Meteorology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721302 (India)

    2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Investigation was made on light emitting diodes fabricated using CdSe quantum dots. CdSe quantum dots were synthesized chemically using olive oil as the capping agent, instead of toxic phosphine. Room temperature photoluminescence investigation showed sharp 1st excitonic emission peak at 568 nm. Bi-layer organic/inorganic (P3HT/CdSe) hybrid light emitting devices were fabricated by solution process. The electroluminescence study showed low turn on voltage ({approx}2.2 V) .The EL peak intensity was found to increase by increasing the operating current. - Graphical abstract: Light emitting diode was fabricated using CdSe quantum dots using olive oil as the capping agent, instead of toxic phosphine. Bi-layer organic/inorganic (P3HT/CdSe) hybrid light emitting device shows strong electroluminescence in the range 630-661 nm. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer CdSe Quantum dots were synthesized using olive oil as the capping agent. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Light emitting device was fabricated using CdSe QDs/P3HT polymer heterojunction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The I-V characteristics study showed low turn on voltage at {approx}2.2 V. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The EL peak intensity increases with increasing the operating current.

  8. Carrier heating in disordered conjugated polymers in electric field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vukmirovic, Nenad; Wang, Lin-Wang

    2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The electric field dependence of charge carrier transport and the effect of carrier heating in disordered conjugated polymers were investigated. A parameter-free multiscale methodology consisting of classical molecular dynamics simulation for the generation of the atomic structure, large system electronic structure and electron-phonon coupling constants calculations and the procedure for extracting the bulk polymer mobility, was used. The results suggested that the mobility of a fully disordered poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) polymer increases with electric field which is consistent with the experimental results on samples of regiorandom P3HT and different from the results on more ordered regioregular P3HT polymers, where the opposite trend is often observed at low electric fields. We calculated the electric field dependence of the effective carrier temperature and showed however that the effective temperature cannot be used to replace the joint effect of temperature and electric field, in contrast to previous theoretical results from phenomenological models. Such a difference was traced to originate from the use of simplified Miller-Abrahams hopping rates in phenomenological models in contrast to our considerations that explicitly take into account the electronic state wave functions and the interaction with all phonon modes.

  9. Differential cross section measurements for the production of a W boson in association with jets in proton–proton collisions at ?s=7 TeV

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Khachatryan, Vardan

    2015-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements are reported of differential cross sections for the production of a W boson, which decays into a muon and a neutrino, in association with jets, as a function of several variables, including the transverse momenta (pT) and pseudorapidities of the four leading jets, the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta (HT), and the difference in azimuthal angle between the directions of each jet and the muon. The data sample of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV was collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 fb?¹. The measuredmore »cross sections are compared to predictions from Monte Carlo generators, MADGRAPH + PYTHIA and SHERPA , and to next-to-leading-order calculations from BLACKHAT+ SHERPA . The differential cross sections are found to be in agreement with the predictions, apart from the pT distributions of the leading jets at high pT values, the distributions of the HT at high- HT and low jet multiplicity, and the distribution of the difference in azimuthal angle between the leading jet and the muon at low values.« less

  10. Chain ordering of regioregular polythiophene films through blending with a nickel bisdithiolene complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hernandez-Maldonado, D. [CNRS, LCC (Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination), 205 Route de Narbonne, F-31077 Toulouse Cedex 4 (France) [CNRS, LCC (Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination), 205 Route de Narbonne, F-31077 Toulouse Cedex 4 (France); Université de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, LCC, F-31077 Toulouse (France); Ramos, B.; Bedel-Pereira, E.; Séguy, I. [LAAS-CNRS, 7 Avenue du Colonel Roche, F-31077 Toulouse Cedex 4 (France) [LAAS-CNRS, 7 Avenue du Colonel Roche, F-31077 Toulouse Cedex 4 (France); Université de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, LCC, F-31077 Toulouse (France); Villeneuve-Faure, C. [LAPLACE, Université Paul Sabatier, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse (France)] [LAPLACE, Université Paul Sabatier, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse (France); Sournia-Saquet, A.; Moineau-Chane Ching, K. I., E-mail: kathleen.chane@lcc-toulouse.fr [CNRS, LCC (Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination), 205 Route de Narbonne, F-31077 Toulouse Cedex 4 (France); LAAS-CNRS, 7 Avenue du Colonel Roche, F-31077 Toulouse Cedex 4 (France); Alary, F.; Heully, J. L. [LCPQ-IRSAMC, 118 Route de Narbonne, F-31077 Toulouse Cedex 4 (France)] [LCPQ-IRSAMC, 118 Route de Narbonne, F-31077 Toulouse Cedex 4 (France)

    2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    An “annealing-free” strategy consisting of using a planar nickel bisdithiolene complex nickel bis[1,2-di(3?,4?-di-n-decyloxyphenyl)ethene-1,2-dithiolene] ([Ni(4dopedt){sub 2}]) is proposed for structuring poly(3-hexyl-thiophene) (P3HT). Photoluminescence (PL) and Raman spectroscopies, in conjunction with electronic absorption, have been used for evidencing P3HT changes due to blending. PL and absorption observations are consistent and show a correlation between polymer chain organization and increasing amounts of [Ni(4dopedt){sub 2}]. Blending with [Ni(4dopedt){sub 2}] do not modify the Raman ring-breathing modes energies indicating that blending does not induce strongly disorder in P3HT chains. Atomic force microscopic measurements show that blends nanoscale morphology presents a homogeneous matrix and small fibrils related to [Ni(4dopedt){sub 2}] concentration, especially for blends with a [Ni(4dopedt){sub 2}] weight ratio lower than 50%.

  11. Overcoming Degradation in Organic Photovoltaics: Illuminating the Role of Fullerene Functionalization: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lloyd, M. T.; Garcia, A.; Berry, J. J.; Reese, M. O.; Ginley, D. S.; Olson, D. C.

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Photobleaching rates are investigated for thin films of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) blends employing either an indene-C60 bisadduct (ICBA) or [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as the electron acceptor. Relative to the bisindene, PCBM significantly enhances resistance to photobleaching of the P3HT donor polymer. We tentatively attribute a decrease in the charge transfer rate as the mechanism responsible for the more rapid photobleaching in the sample containing the bisindene adduct. In order to elucidate the influence of the photobleaching rate on the initial performance of unencapsulated devices, we also monitored the time-dependent behavior for P3HT:fullerene inverted devices. Under conditions of constant illumination, we observe essentially identical behavior in device performance parameters regardless of the energy levels of the electron acceptor. We conclude that over the time frame measured for these devices, the primary degradation mechanism of the active layer is independent of the electron acceptor, despite the enhanced tolerance to photobleaching it may impart to the donor material.

  12. Osteosarcomas among beagles exposed to /sup 239/Plutonium. Technical report No. 34

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whittemore, A S; McMillan, A

    1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Weibull distribution was fit to the osteosarcoma death times of beagles given single intravenous injections of /sup 239/Pu. For injected doses in the range 0 to 1 ..mu..Ci/kg the osteosarcoma incidence rate h(t) at t days after injection can be fit by a quadratic function of the injected dose. The best fitting linear function was rejected by the data (p < 0.001). A different formula for h(t), derived from amultistage theory for osteosarcoma induction, was also fit to these data. For this purpose microdosimetry calculations were used to estimate the dose to the cells at risk in the endosteal layer (endosteal dose). According to the best fit, h(t) is a quadratic function of endosteal dose at low doses. A linear dose-response relationship was agan rejected. The absence of a linear component at low doses might be explained by the fact that 108 of the 185 animals injected at the lowest doses (< 0.02 ..mu..Ci/kg) were still alive at the time these data were collected.

  13. Determination of photocarrier density under continuous photoirradiation using spectroscopic techniques as applied to polymer: Fullerene blend films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kanemoto, Katsuichi, E-mail: kkane@sci.osaka-cu.ac.jp; Nakatani, Hitomi; Domoto, Shinya [Department of Physics, Osaka City University, 3-3-138 Sugimoto, Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka 558-8585 (Japan)

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a method to determine the density of photocarrier under continuous photoirradiation in conjugated polymers using spectroscopic signals obtained by photoinduced absorption (PIA) measurements. The bleaching signals in the PIA measurements of polymer films and the steady-state absorption signals of oxidized polymer solution are employed to determine the photocarrier density. The method is applied to photocarriers of poly (3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) in a blended film consisting of P3HT and [6,6]-phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM). The photocarrier density under continuous photoirradiation of 580 mW/cm{sup 2} is determined to be 3.5?×?10{sup 16?}cm{sup ?3}. Using a trend of the carrier density increasing in proportion to the square root of photo-excitation intensity, we provide a general formula to estimate the photocarrier density under simulated 1 sun solar irradiation for the P3HT: PCBM film of an arbitrary thickness. We emphasize that the method proposed in this study enables an estimate of carrier density without measuring a current and can be applied to films with no electrodes as well as to devices.

  14. Experimental comparison of grating- and propagation-based hard X-ray phase tomography of soft tissue

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lang, S.; Schulz, G.; Müller, B. [Biomaterials Science Center, University of Basel, Basel (Switzerland); Zanette, I., E-mail: irene.zanette@tum.de [Physik-Department und Institut für Medizintechnik, Technische Universität München, Garching (Germany); European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble (France); Dominietto, M. [Biomaterials Science Center, University of Basel, Basel (Switzerland); Institute for Biomedical Engineering, ETH Zürich, Zürich (Switzerland); Langer, M. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble (France); Université de Lyon, CREATIS, CNRS UMR5220, Inserm U1044, INSA-LYON, Université de Lyon 1, Villeurbane (France); Rack, A.; Le Duc, G. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble (France); David, C. [Laboratory for Micro- and Nanotechnology, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen (Switzerland); Mohr, J. [Institute of Microstructure Technology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Pfeiffer, F. [Physik-Department und Institut für Medizintechnik, Technische Universität München, Garching (Germany); Weitkamp, T. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble (France); Synchrotron Soleil, Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

    2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    When imaging soft tissues with hard X-rays, phase contrast is often preferred over conventional attenuation contrast due its superior sensitivity. However, it is unclear which of the numerous phase tomography methods yields the optimized results at given experimental conditions. Therefore, we quantitatively compared the three phase tomography methods implemented at the beamline ID19 of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility: X-ray grating interferometry (XGI), and propagation-based phase tomography, i.e., single-distance phase retrieval (SDPR) and holotomography (HT), using cancerous tissue from a mouse model and an entire heart of a rat. We show that for both specimens, the spatial resolution derived from the characteristic morphological features is about a factor of two better for HT and SDPR compared to XGI, whereas the XGI data generally exhibit much better contrast-to-noise ratios for the anatomical features. Moreover, XGI excels in fidelity of the density measurements, and is also more robust against low-frequency artifacts than HT, but it might suffer from phase-wrapping artifacts. Thus, we can regard the three phase tomography methods discussed as complementary. The application will decide which spatial and density resolutions are desired, for the imaging task and dose requirements, and, in addition, the applicant must choose between the complexity of the experimental setup and the one of data processing.

  15. Influence of alloy content and a cerium surface treatment on the oxidation behavior of Fe-Cr ferritic stainless steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alman, D.E.; Jablonski, P.D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cost of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) can be significantly reduced by using interconnects made from ferritic stainless steels. In fact, several alloys have been developed specifically for this application (Crofer 22APU and Hitachi ZMG323). However, these steels lack environmental stability in SOFC environments, and as a result, degrade the performance of the SOFC. A steel interconnect can contribute to performance degradation through: (i) Cr poisoning of electrochemically active sites within the cathode; (ii) formation of non-conductive oxides, such as SiO2 or Al2O3 from residual or minor alloying elements, at the base metal-oxide scale interface; and/or (iii) excessive oxide scale growth, which may also retard electrical conductivity. Consequently, there has been considerable attention on developing coatings to protect steel interconnects in SOFC environments and controlling trace elements during alloy production. Recently, we have reported on the development of a Cerium surface treatment that improves the oxidation behavior of a variety alloys, including Crofer 22APU [1-5]. Initial results indicated that the treatment may improve the performance of Crofer 22APU for SOFC application by: (i) retarding scale growth resulting in a thinner oxide scale; and (ii) suppressing the formation of a deleterious continuous SiO2 layer that can form at the metal-oxide scale interface in materials with high residual Si content [5]. Crofer 22 APU contains Fe-22Cr-0.5Mn-0.1Ti (weight percent). Depending on current market prices and the purity of raw materials utilized for ingot production, Cr can contribute upwards of 90 percent of the raw materials cost. The present research was undertaken to determine the influence of Cr content and minor element additions, especially Ti, on the effectiveness of the Ce surface treatment. Particular emphasis is placed on the behavior of low Cr alloys.

  16. Use of COTS [commercial-off-the-shelf] Microelectronics in Radiation Environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winokur, P.S.; Lum, G.K.; Shaneyfelt, M.R.; Sexton, F.W.; Hash, G.L.; Scott, L.

    1999-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper addresses key issues for the cost-effective use of COTS microelectronics in radiation environments that enable circuit or system designers to manage risks and ensure mission success. COTS parts with low radiation tolerance should not be used when they degrade mission critical functions or lead to premature system failure. We review several factors and tradeoffs affecting the successful application of COTS parts including (1) hardness assurance and qualification issues, (2) system hardening techniques, and (3) life-cycle costs. The paper also describes several experimental studies that address trends in total-dose, transient, and single-event radiation hardness as COTS technology scales to smaller feature sizes. As an example, the level at which dose-rate upset occurs in Samsung SRAMS increases from 1.4x10{sup 8} rads(Si)/s for a 256K SRAM to 7.7x10{sup 9} rads(Si)/s for a 4M SRAM, indicating unintentional hardening improvements in the design or process of a commercial technology. Additional experiments were performed to quantify variations in radiation hardness for COTS parts. In one study, only small (10-15%) variations were found in the dose-rate upset and latchup thresholds for Samsung 4M SRAMS from three different date codes. In another study, irradiations of 4M SRAMS from Samsung, Hitachi, and Toshiba indicate large differences in total-dose radiation hardness. The paper attempts to carefully define terms and clear up misunderstandings about the definitions of ''COTS'' and ''radiation-hardened'' technology.

  17. SU-E-J-72: Geant4 Simulations of Spot-Scanned Proton Beam Treatment Plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kanehira, T; Sutherland, K; Matsuura, T; Umegaki, K; Shirato, H [Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido (Japan)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To evaluate density inhomogeneities which can effect dose distributions for real-time image gated spot-scanning proton therapy (RGPT), a dose calculation system, using treatment planning system VQA (Hitachi Ltd., Tokyo) spot position data, was developed based on Geant4. Methods: A Geant4 application was developed to simulate spot-scanned proton beams at Hokkaido University Hospital. A CT scan (0.98 × 0.98 × 1.25 mm) was performed for prostate cancer treatment with three or four inserted gold markers (diameter 1.5 mm, volume 1.77 mm3) in or near the target tumor. The CT data was read into VQA. A spot scanning plan was generated and exported to text files, specifying the beam energy and position of each spot. The text files were converted and read into our Geant4-based software. The spot position was converted into steering magnet field strength (in Tesla) for our beam nozzle. Individual protons were tracked from the vacuum chamber, through the helium chamber, steering magnets, dose monitors, etc., in a straight, horizontal line. The patient CT data was converted into materials with variable density and placed in a parametrized volume at the isocenter. Gold fiducial markers were represented in the CT data by two adjacent voxels (volume 2.38 mm3). 600,000 proton histories were tracked for each target spot. As one beam contained about 1,000 spots, approximately 600 million histories were recorded for each beam on a blade server. Two plans were considered: two beam horizontal opposed (90 and 270 degree) and three beam (0, 90 and 270 degree). Results: We are able to convert spot scanning plans from VQA and simulate them with our Geant4-based code. Our system can be used to evaluate the effect of dose reduction caused by gold markers used for RGPT. Conclusion: Our Geant4 application is able to calculate dose distributions for spot scanned proton therapy.

  18. Fabrication technological development of the oxide dispersion strengthened alloy MA957 for fast reactor applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ML Hamilton; DS Gelles; RJ Lobsinger; GD Johnson; WF Brown; MM Paxton; RJ Puigh; CR Eiholzer; C Martinez; MA Blotter

    2000-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A significant amount of effort has been devoted to determining the properties and understanding the behavior of the alloy MA957 to define its potential usefulness as a cladding material, in the fast breeder reactor program. The numerous characterization and fabrication studies that were conducted are documented in this report. The alloy is a ferritic stainless steel developed by International Nickel Company specifically for structural reactor applications. It is strengthened by a very fine, uniformly distributed yttria dispersoid. Its fabrication involves a mechanical alloying process and subsequent extrusion, which ultimately results in a highly elongated grain structure. While the presence of the dispersoid produces a material with excellent strength, the body centered cubic structure inherent to the material coupled with the high aspect ratio that results from processing operations produces some difficulties with ductility. The alloy is very sensitive to variations in a number of processing parameters, and if the high strength is once lost during fabrication, it cannot be recovered. The microstructural evolution of the alloy under irradiation falls into two regimes. Below about 550 C, dislocation development, {alpha}{prime} precipitation and void evolution in the matrix are observed, while above about 550 C damage appears to be restricted to cavity formation within oxide particles. The thermal expansion of the alloy is very similar to that of HT9 up to the temperature where HT9 undergoes a phase transition to austenitic. Pulse magnetic welding of end caps onto MA957 tubing can be accomplished in a manner similar to that in which it is performed on HT9, although the welding parameters appear to be very sensitive to variations in the tubing that result from small changes in fabrication conditions. The tensile and stress rupture behavior of the alloy are acceptable in the unirradiated condition, being comparable to HT9 below about 700 C and exceeding those of HT9 at higher temperatures. Neither tensile nor rupture strength appear to be degraded by irradiation to fast fluencies on the order of 8 x 10{sup 22} n/cm{sup 2} in the range of 370--760 C, although some loss of ductility has been observed. The impact resistance of the alloy is very poor in the unirradiated condition, and is significantly degraded by irradiation.

  19. Development of a high-temperature diagnostics-while-drilling tool.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chavira, David J.; Huey, David (Stress Engineering Services, Inc.); Hetmaniak, Chris (Stress Engineering Services, Inc.); Polsky, Yarom; King, Dennis K.; Jacobson, Ronald David; Blankenship, Douglas Alan; Knudsen, Steven Dell; Henfling, Joseph Anthony; Mansure, Arthur James

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The envisioned benefits of Diagnostics-While-Drilling (DWD) are based on the principle that high-speed, real-time information from the downhole environment will promote better control of the drilling process. Although in practice a DWD system could provide information related to any aspect of exploration and production of subsurface resources, the current DWD system provides data on drilling dynamics. This particular set of new tools provided by DWD will allow quicker detection of problems, reduce drilling flat-time and facilitate more efficient drilling (drilling optimization) with the overarching result of decreased drilling costs. In addition to providing the driller with an improved, real-time picture of the drilling conditions downhole, data generated from DWD systems provides researchers with valuable, high fidelity data sets necessary for developing and validating enhanced understanding of the drilling process. Toward this end, the availability of DWD creates a synergy with other Sandia Geothermal programs, such as the hard-rock bit program, where the introduction of alternative rock-reduction technologies are contingent on the reduction or elimination of damaging dynamic effects. More detailed descriptions of the rationale for the program and early development efforts are described in more detail by others [SAND2003-2069 and SAND2000-0239]. A first-generation low-temperature (LT) DWD system was fielded in a series of proof-of-concept tests (POC) to validate functionality. Using the LT system, DWD was subsequently used to support a single-laboratory/multiple-partner CRADA (Cooperative Research and Development Agreement) entitled Advanced Drag Bits for Hard-Rock Drilling. The drag-bit CRADA was established between Sandia and four bit companies, and involved testing of a PDC bit from each company [Wise, et al., 2003, 2004] in the same lithologic interval at the Gas Technology Institute (GTI) test facility near Catoosa, OK. In addition, the LT DWD system has been fielded in cost-sharing efforts with an industrial partner to support the development of new generation hard-rock drag bits. Following the demonstrated success of the POC DWD system, efforts were initiated in FY05 to design, fabricate and test a high-temperature (HT) capable version of the DWD system. The design temperature for the HT DWD system was 225 C. Programmatic requirements dictated that a HT DWD tool be developed during FY05 and that a working system be demonstrated before the end of FY05. During initial design discussions regarding a high-temperature system it was decided that, to the extent possible, the HT DWD system would maintain functionality similar to the low temperature system, that is, the HT DWD system would also be designed to provide the driller with real-time information on bit and bottom-hole-assembly (BHA) dynamics while drilling. Additionally, because of time and fiscal constraints associated with the HT system development, the design of the HT DWD tool would follow that of the LT tool. The downhole electronics package would be contained in a concentrically located pressure barrel and the use of externally applied strain gages with thru-tool connectors would also be used in the new design. Also, in order to maximize the potential wells available for the HT DWD system and to allow better comparison with the low-temperature design, the diameter of the tool was maintained at 7-inches. This report discusses the efforts associated with the development of a DWD system capable of sustained operation at 225 C. This report documents work performed in the second phase of the Diagnostics-While-Drilling (DWD) project in which a high-temperature (HT) version of the phase 1 low-temperature (LT) proof-of-concept (POC) DWD tool was built and tested. Descriptions of the design, fabrication and field testing of the HT tool are provided. Background on prior phases of the project can be found in SAND2003-2069 and SAND2000-0239.

  20. A microprocessor controlled character and graphics display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glover, Kerry Cloyce

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Incremental Values Determined 30 33 37 39 42 44 46 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION The "personal" computer is a term being used recently to describe the large number of computer systems being purchased by individuals for personal use (1). This has been..., some computer manufacturers offer interface boards for adding this capacity to a personal computer system (3). These units fh f t f ht th 1 f 11 th tyl f th Pydf P ff the Institute of Electrical and Electronics En ineers. are very reasonably priced...

  1. Laboratory Analysis of a New Sand Consolidation Material for Oilfield Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filbrandt, Joseph Daniel

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    of PA2 to the preflush, along with PA1 and an aromatic amine curing agent to the epoxy system. PA1 and PA2 are adhesion promoter additives which were deemed necessary as a result of the testing. This system was then tested further in a HP/HT cell... Filbrandt, I thank you for the great support you have always given me, and a model for how to live my life. vi ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to thank my committee chair, Dr. Holditch, and my committee members, Dr...

  2. Use of east Texas reservoirs by wintering bald eagles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Sandra Joy

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) also found wintering bald eagles relying primarily on black-tailed jackrabbits for food. These birds shared their t 1 11 d oott tth g 1d g1 Ihttit ~ht t t). Ed d successfully trapped several bald eagles and fitted them with radio transmitters... below Toledo Bend Reservoir until the nest trees were killed by inundation. The Texas Parks and Wildlife Depar t- ment conducts an aerial survey each winter to locate bald eagle nests and to verify the success rate of each active nest. In 1979...

  3. Distribution and food habits of the inland silverside, Menidia beryllina, and the northern brook silverside, Labidesthes sicculus, in Lake Conroe, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Joseph Eugene

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?LN ~L* ~Nt t tlt N. texanus N. venustus N. lutrensis N. spp. ~Pt h 1 ~ttt . Noturus 8Erinus 1 dl ~h F. notatus F. olivaceus Gambusia affinis ~Le omis ~ulosus L. macrochirus L. ~t L. ~ttt L. ~th L. 1 tt L ~*t L. hybrid L. spp. ~M1.... venustus N. lutrensis N. spp. ~Pt h 1 ~ttt Noturus ~rinus P d 1 ~ht F. notatus F. olivaceus Gambusia affinis ~Le omis ~iosus L. macrochirus L. ~lt L. ~ttt L. ~ML h L. N t t L. ~s msetricus L. hybrid L. spp. ~lf t* t 1 td P*t ~d P. spp...

  4. A study of the juvenile fish fauna associated with the cooling water of a steam electric generating station

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullough, Martha Mary

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    martinica ~ht d1t ~M11 mh 1 Intake Canal ~Elo s saurus. ~Mht M t 1 tt M Anchoa mitchilli. Gobiesox strumosus. Fundulus grandis. Gambusia affinis. Membras martinica ~Menidi ~blli~a ~th 1 1 1 Caranx ~hi os ~La odon rhomboides. ~dt *1 ~dt 1 1... soma boa ci . Discharge Canal ~t' t 1 ~Elo s saurus hi. p Brevoortia Eatronus. Anchoa h~e actus. Anchoa mitchilli Gobiesox strumosus ~C' d . ~Zt Lucania Earva. Gambusia affinis Membras martinica. Menidia berr llina ~dh 1 1 ~La odon...

  5. Copkiller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Teri

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ht? - . -- - ' . .. . .. -, - - , ? '- , . ? ? ? The bus from Minnesota arrived at six a.m. Louis, : C81Tying everything he owned in a brown shopping bag, was the first one down the steps. He walked into the depot and stood still for a moment, giving his cramped muscles a chance to loosen. Hunger... waiting for their favorite watering hole to open for the day, and a red-eyed patrolman ordering two coffees to go and wishing it were eight o'clock so that he could go home. Louis sat down at the far end of the counter, away from the drunks; he found...

  6. Comparison of vegetation found on equal age spoil mounds in Robertson County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayes, Thorpe Ambrose

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Dominant species by soil texture groups by mounds SOIL TEXTURE CLASS MOUND 1 MOUND 2 MOUND 3 MOUND 4 70-76 Percent Sand AM~gg MARRDttt A~*Aft ~tiff lt ~1 ~tt h ~ph la incise A~ ~th R G 1 tfl Oxalis dillenii Teucrium canadense Proelichia floridana... t ~ph la incise ll ~ht td ~Mdt M 1 ~PL ~Mt Portulaca Parvula SS+ Percent Sand Baccharis salicina ~PL t ~tt t D N 'll Side ~sinosa N Littd 0* lt ~df 1 tt ~dh t h skirrhobasis ~thdt, Baccharis salicina D P ttl M~dt M t Oenothera laciniata...

  7. Episodic release of plasma LH in normal cycling and ovariectomized cows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahe, Charles Hardin

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the release of LHRH into the portal circulation (Meites et al. , 1976). Serotoni n (5-HT) is believed to inhibit LH secretions in intact cycling rats (Schneider and McCann, 1970; Kamberi et al. , 1970). Gallo and Osland ('1976) reported fn ovariectomized... elevation of LHRH in the portal vessels (Porter et al. , 1976) as well as an increase in plasma LH (Kreig and Sawyer, 1976). Drouva and Gallo (1976) found that treatment of ovari ectomized rats with a compound capable of causing a depletion of NE stores...

  8. High Performance Trays and Heat Exchangers in Heat Pumped Distillation Columns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisz, M. W.; Antonelli, R.; Ragi, E. G.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AND LIQUID now PATHS fOA IltO TltAYS I A number of engineering contractors and 1 operating companies have employed Union Carbide'\\s High Flux and Multiple Downcomer tray technolog~es to improve performance, decrease utilities and I lower operating costs... ? Fi,?'d as nll\\ximum within hf'l~ht n'!:-;tl'ie-tlon. The control scheme for a heat pump can be de signed to be no more complex than a conventional steam/cooling water system which relies on flow and level controllers to set the various column flow...

  9. Work simplification in the drafting room: an investigation of reference table improvement and the place of templates in the drafting room.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubel, Joel

    1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Atea' tooled' Nenes, tc this ee4v it ie the ympooe af this ewyort W ~"~M 4nefting efficiency ehsaegh inyrove4 referacee tehle 4eeign eng fvL1 ntilieetiae af ~toe + 3 Na0aega, Zchb, "IWIIIIWAfsss, :-:=- i&aielI': IhebsaLL:J, Aws 1903 1854 QLY~W'&'de ', GCVX...Le& eseXugiog the fieet ~& ~4 10 y Coat Stagy' Ccagerkeoa of eating buXb ~ bf Lnstreaeate va. ueiag a t~late Caet foa' aabiag fiwat bulb a ha'. 'f ada, 8 +' ~. . = y . eg~/~ hx'. Sip'flk t "~~-" br. xy ~x" ws/:";, ~QQ ~ht hr. l, $ teey...

  10. The influence of date and rate of seeding wheat on yield of grain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamma, Wifki Shakir El-

    1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in precipitation with slight increase 1n temperature caused a great decrease in number of' tillers. rh1s agrees with Smith (33), who found a correlation of 0 . 92 between rain- fall and amount, of tillering. Hei ht of Plant Average height of shoot is presented... grain yield per plant in grams is presented in Table 18 and tne analysis of va. " iance in Table 19 . The delay 1n sowing had a deleterious effect on the yield per plant. The results we'e significant at . 05 level. The fall 1n yield was conspicuous...

  11. Experimental Method to Determine the Energy Envelope Performance of Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berger, J.; Tasca-Guernouti, S. T.; Humbert, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    e to v en til at io n A irf lo w lo ss du e to ai r tig ht n es s o f t he en v el o pe En er gy lo ss th ro u gh en v el o pe tr an sm iss io n s [k W H ea t s u pp... of the building, we are able to make the energy balance of building envelope and estimate the Ubuilding. Tool 1 Solar energy supply To determine the solar gain, we used the tool developed by J.A. Bouchet, CETE M?diterran?e, for the project PREBAT...

  12. An investigation of the atmospheric physical conditions associated with microwave propagation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riggs, Lowell Pogue

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    wm 1000ed fer this periods oooarriag deria0 the cise ef the freatsl pass s0e The wiads wore aet fawsrshle fot' Ap fsrastioa swd it is thoa0ht that. ths presaaoo of dissiyatiag chaaderstoras wich tho frsacsl yass- sgo scold have hoes tha priowry... eaaepc chat the tsp ef the ~Cetera Layer was abase 3000 feet sa4 ia tha pasC fe?ease st?4ias this had bess ~ 4sterrest ts Ap forostim. Appsreatly, Che 1001 swr- fase relative h@a14icy wss streag oaosgh Co fera s ~istwro gra4iesC with the evsrmLL valse...

  13. A multiperiod risk-programming analysis of forward contracting with credit restraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willmann, David Ray

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    relevant variability to the decision maker may be the downward deviation. Variance or semivariance may be objectively or subjectively estimated. Object. lve derivation utilizes time series of gross margins to calculate variunces and covariances... I?& 01' ?& II', ht r& Pr????t segment XR of th? E, V f rout i?r . In f I Bure &&. Because Point P lies on the coo tra& n t ser ? t?r&g& ac I ex a7 oog PS are infeasible. However, hig'oer. levels of e. &p& ?ted r&rtu' . ns occur by ?&ovicg along...

  14. Using a hand-held, two-channel radiometer to monitor trends in bunchgrass vegetation conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Douglas Charles

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cycle 1 I Cycle Cycle 3 1 1909 1980 Fig. 5. Osan resn standing croo eeight tn kg/ha (08'!) and normalized diiierance (VO) ior ei ht short-duracion grazing c cles near College Station, Texas, in 1979 and 1980. concurrent decreases still occurred... two growing seasons on three pastures of a short-duration grazing system near College Station, Texas. Fifteen 0. 25m plots were sampled in each pasture on a pregrazing, postgrazing, and rest cycle basis. Estimates were made on each plot for percent...

  15. A pilot study of reading to improve self-esteem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bagnall, Norma Hayes

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to Children' s Reading, 3rd ed. (Ne Y rrr: pookeee rs hhoDay anan~o. , 1969), p. 9. Charlotte S. Huck, Children's Literature in the Ele entary Hoh ol, trite VoOr: HHoY, KXne~raan i~ns on, 1976), p. 26. 6 Ruth Strang, "Zvaluation oi Development...~ing from the repressed to the outgoing stage in his relationships with other children. Q estion ~e' ht: "HHo d es he rele*e * ther children in a work/study situation?" measures 17 whether or not the child can be depended on to oarry out assigned tasks...

  16. Deflection Effects in Inner-Shell Ionization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swafford, G. L.; Reading, John F.; Ford, A. Lewis; Fitchard, E.

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    approxi- mation for hydrogenic models. Here all orders of the Born series are treated. The atom is allowed to ionize into single-electron states treated in the Hartree-Fock approximation. We keep s, P, and d angular momentum states. A U... is given. Qur method for solving the time-dependent Sehrbdinger equation 84 I Vs +r where iII t ' 1 1 S R(t) I H(t) ?r I x exp g 2 V?+V~~+I~ Here 4 I and V, are a vector and matrix, respec- tively, in the u~ representation; e.g. , vl=(Nz lexpP...

  17. Heterokaryosis and the parasexual cycle in Pyricularia oryzae Cav

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genovesi, Anthony Dennis

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HETEROKARYOSIS AND THE PARASEXUAL CYCLE IN PY1'ICiJIARZA OHZZAE CAV . A Thesis by ANTHONy DENNIS GENOVESI Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AIM University i n partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1975 Major Subject: Genetics HETEROKARYOSI 5 AND THE PARASEXUAL CYCLE IN zyszcuL~HT& ozyzAz Cav. A Thesis by ANTHONY DENNIS GENOVESI Approved as to sty1e and content by: Chai r an of 7 mm'i ttee H, f ppp t~t (Member) / er (Member...

  18. Numerical Shadowing Using Componentwise Bounds and a Sharper Fixed Point Result

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Vleck, Erik

    2001-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    of this author was supported by NSF grants DMS- 9505049 and DMS-9973393. 787 D ow nl oa de d 09 /2 9/ 14 to 1 29 .2 37 .4 6. 10 0. R ed ist rib ut io n su bje ct to SIA M lic en se or co py rig ht; se e h ttp ://w ww .si am .or g/j ou rna ls/ ojs a... numerical linear algebra techniques. Recent work on shadowing has involved extending shadowing to allow for rescaling of time, i.e., allowing for perturbations in the time step (see the work of Coomes [6], Coomes, Kocak, and Palmer [7], Palmer [22], Van...

  19. Seasonal abundance and diversity of ichthyoneuston in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daher, Mary Ann

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SEASONAL ABUNDANCE AND DIVERSITY OF ICHTHYONEUSTON IN THE NORTHWESTERN GULF OF MEXICO A Thesis by MARY ANN DAHER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... Committee: Dr. John D. McEachran Larvae of forty-six species of fishes were collected from neuston samples in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico during 1976 and January 1977. 1'h h d p ' * M~l~ht, H~l E . ~N' ' dl dB Ichthyoneuston was more abundant...

  20. TECHNICAL REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ADAMS, RICHARD D., PhD.

    2011-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Cadmium selenide nanoparticles and nanoclusters were prepared and added to polymer solar cells to improve their photon capture ability. These nanoparticles did exhibit some beneficial effects on the photon conversion efficiencies of selected polymer solar cells. Ternary bulk heterojunction systems based on composites of methyl viologen-doped, CdSe nanoparticles blended with poly (3-hexothiopene) (P3HT) and 6, 6-phenyl C{sub 61}-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) were also tested. It was found that the devices with methyl viologen-doped CdSe nanoparticles do produce more photocurrent in a region surrounding the absorption peak of the particles (560 to 660nm) when compared to pristine P3HT:PCBM devices. Gold nanorods were also prepared and tested in some solar cells. These nanorods did produce a very small enhancement in photon absorbance, but the observed increase the photon conversion efficiency was not sufficient to make the effort worthwhile. Our goals were (1) to prepare cadmium sulfide and cadmium selenide clusters and nanoparticles to be tested as photon absorbers to enhance the photon conversion efficiency of polymer solar polymer solar cells and (2) to prepare gold and silver nanorods to be added to polymer solar cells to enhance their photon capture capability. The cadmium sulfide and cadmium selenide nanoparticles and some new nanoclusters were prepared. The cadmium selenide nanoparticles were also tested in solar cells and did exhibit some positive effects when they were combined with certain co-absorbing polymers. Due to solubility problems that were not solved in the available time, the new nanoclusters were not tested in solar cells. Ternary bulk heterojunction systems based on composites of methyl viologen doped, CdSe nanoparticles blended with poly (3-hexothiopene) (P3HT) and 6, 6-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) have been examined in detail. The methyl viologen was added to promote charge separation of the initially formed excitons. It was found that the devices with CdSe produce more photocurrent in a region surrounding the absorption peak of the particles (560 to 660nm) when compared to a pristine P3HT:PCBM device. Gold nanorods were prepared and tested in some solar cells. These did show a very small enhancement in photon absorbance. However, the increase in short circuit current was negligible, which suggests that this antenna effect produces no significant increase in photocurrent generation. Efforts to synthesize niobium-doped zinc oxide nanoparticles for use in polymer solar polymer solar cells were also made. The nanoparticles were prepared, but they were not tested in the cells before the termination of the funding of the project.

  1. Behavior of introduced red drum and habitat-use overlap with largemouth bass in a power-plant cooling reservoir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Robert Clayton

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in an oligotrophic lake in Minnesota was followed by ty-f ld I I y 8 Pb hP 8 gg tf 8 th t f~ competition was a limiting factor. Johnson and Hale (1977) reported that walleye d ll thb h~ht d I I I ft girth hbltt, possibly leading to competitive interactions... with largemouth bass were ascertained in Lake Fairfleld, Texas, using ultrasonic telemetry. Habitat-use overlap between the species was evaluated seasonally to determine if the potential for interspecific competition existed after the initial effects...

  2. Nominal exchange rate pegging, escape clauses and targeting of the real exchange rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez, Pablo

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    , the creation of a currency board, with severe limitations on the central bank?s powers ?the case of Argentina between 1991 and 2001 probably being the most important recent example. Although in many of these cases stabilization was achieved, even with a... suppress the arguments of the value function J. 19 [22] ()2mv= [23] 10bM After some manipulations, we find the marginal conditions that must be fulfilled at all times [24] HT UU =? [25] ()21Tmi ?? The two equations described above...

  3. La guerra del fin del mundo: historia e invencion en una novela historica 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loeffler, Lisa Bowe

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    eficazmente a sus propias obras ficticias, corno se especificara mas adelante, estos comentarios pueden servir de base para el estudio de su concepto del pepsi que desempena la realidad o la historia en una ~ I dl p I f d *I. * ~Ht obra de ficcion. Porque... invencion en la novels historica La importancia relative de la realidad hist6rica y la invencion artistica ha sido una de las cuestiones fundamentales en el estudio de las novelas hist6ricas, tanto corno de las novelas en general. Esta breve introducci6n...

  4. Anxiety and achievement motivation as related to the social reinforcement of children's performance on a complex learning task

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Judith Ross

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ANXIETY AHD ACHIEViliEHT HOTIVAI'IGH AS RELATED IO TH" SOCIAL PuvIHFCRCEl tiHT OE CHILDi' " H ' S PE, '1 0K 1AI CE OH A CGECPLEZ. LEAPC I tC I'SR A Thesi. s Judith Ross Smith Submitt d to the Graduate Cells;e Texas ASH Hniversity in o artial... by Judith Ross Smith Approved as to style and content b:: (C airman oi Committee) (Flember) (Head o-. Department) (He. ber') January l970 ABSTRACT Anxiety and Achievement Motivation as Related to the Social Reinforcement of Children's Performance...

  5. Sulfide distribution in chemosynthetic communities at hydrocarbon seeps in the Gulf of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escorcia, Susie Patricia

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by symbiotic and free living chemoautotrophic prokaryotes, that couple the oxidation of sulfide (HtS), methane (CH, ), ammonia (NH, ) or metals (i. e. , Mn-', Fe +) with the reduction of inorganic carbon into organic biomass. The development and success of a... electrodes were made with a sensing tip diameter of approximately one mm. Gold wire, 100 Jim in diameter, was threaded through the tip and fused with the glass. The tip of the electrode was then sanded to expose the gold and the surface was polished...

  6. Simultaneous sweetening and dehydration of natural gas using a mixed solvent solution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garza, Jaime Javier

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Contactor. Water Saturator Flash Tank Reboiler. Solvent Pump. . Gas Booster. Neutralization Baths. . . . . . HtS Injection System. Gas Sampling. . HiS Analyzer. . 13 15 17 19 21 21 22 23 23 25 EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES . . 26 Pre... into the column a few inches from the bottom through a perforated plate gas distributor. The water in the saturator is heated with a PVC coated copper heating wire wrapped around the base of the column. The wire is powered with 110 V and is covered using black...

  7. Work simplification in the drafting room: an investigation of reference table improvement and the place of templates in the drafting room. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubel, Joel

    1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Atea' tooled' Nenes, tc this ee4v it ie the ympooe af this ewyort W ~"~M 4nefting efficiency ehsaegh inyrove4 referacee tehle 4eeign eng fvL1 ntilieetiae af ~toe + 3 Na0aega, Zchb, "IWIIIIWAfsss, :-:=- i&aielI': IhebsaLL:J, Aws 1903 1854 QLY~W'&'de ', GCVX...Le& eseXugiog the fieet ~& ~4 10 y Coat Stagy' Ccagerkeoa of eating buXb ~ bf Lnstreaeate va. ueiag a t~late Caet foa' aabiag fiwat bulb a ha'. 'f ada, 8 +' ~. . = y . eg~/~ hx'. Sip'flk t "~~-" br. xy ~x" ws/:";, ~QQ ~ht hr. l, $ teey...

  8. High Performance Trays and Heat Exchangers in Heat Pumped Distillation Columns 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisz, M. W.; Antonelli, R.; Ragi, E. G.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AND LIQUID now PATHS fOA IltO TltAYS I A number of engineering contractors and 1 operating companies have employed Union Carbide'\\s High Flux and Multiple Downcomer tray technolog~es to improve performance, decrease utilities and I lower operating costs... ? Fi,?'d as nll\\ximum within hf'l~ht n'!:-;tl'ie-tlon. The control scheme for a heat pump can be de signed to be no more complex than a conventional steam/cooling water system which relies on flow and level controllers to set the various column flow...

  9. Microstructural examination of commercial ferritic alloys at 299 DPA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gelles, D.S.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Microstructures and density change measurements are reported for Martensitic commercial steels HT-9 and Modified 9Cr-lMo (T9) and oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic alloys MA956 and NU957 following irradiation in the FFTF/MOTA at 420{degrees}C to 200 DPA. Swelling as determined by density change remains below 2% for all conditions. Microstructures are found to be stable except in recrystallized grains of MA957, which are fabrication artifacts, with only minor swelling in the Martensitic steels and {alpha}{prime} precipitation in alloys with 12% or more chromium. These results further demonstrate the high swelling resistance and microstructural stability of the ferritic alloy class.

  10. Microstructural examination of commercial ferritic alloys at 200 dpa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gelles, D.S. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Microstructures and density change measurements are reported for Martensitic commercial steels HT-9 and Modified 9Cr-1Mo (T9) and oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic alloys MA956 and MA957 following irradiation in the FFTF/MOTA at 420{degrees}C to 200 DPA. Swelling as determined by density change remains below 2% for all conditions. Microstructures are found to be stable except in recrystallized grains of MA957, which are fabrication artifacts, with only minor swelling in the Martensitic steels and {alpha}{prime} precipitation in alloys with 12% or more chromium. These results further demonstrate the high swelling resistance and microstructural stability of the ferritic alloy class.

  11. The isolation of Labyrinthula jeremarina sp. n. from the marine gastropod, Littorina ziczac

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolf, Lester Leo

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I'erzost coc!- piete iigure, 1574X Figure 22 ~ Stained preparation of the interior of a 2 week colony shoe!in the eight-celled sporanmal bodiesi 1574:& 47 Fig re 23 ' Phase contrast of a 3 week colony culture, showing tne ei-ht-celled sporan-. ia...' 1 ! th 1-g population of the Atlantic Coast in the 19/0(s to be reminded of the parasitic potentials of the members of this group. This particular species at leastp up to nowp has been considered to be of economic t . L~dth. , th g d tl' g p, tm...

  12. Critical shear stresses in cohesive soils 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rektorik, Robert James

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    provided by Dr. E. T. Smerdon l during the course of this study and also to express my appreciation to Mr. J. W. Sorenson, Mr. R. E. Schiller, Jr. , and Dr. 7. D. Williams for the assistance provided in the preparation of this report. I also wish... . where 11 w = angular velocity 2 M = 2n (R ) ht = torque on the inner cylinder 1 h = height of the inner cylinder dynamic viscosity R = radius of inner cylinder 1 R = radius of inner face of the outer cylinder 2 t = boundary shear FL FTL FL...

  13. A study of cytogenetic relationships between Paspalum species with base chromosome numbers of x=6 and 10 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Marcia Lynn

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tetrasomic diploid with a base num- ber of x=5. P. ~ht h'pot t gh'hg primarily in the Corrientes Province of northeastern 3 g t. 137)'. 9 o o ' lly, P. 5~th d P. almum are quite similar, although P. almum has a much greater distribution having been... of reproduction of parental species. Species PI number Collection site 2n Node of reproduction P. almum P. brunneum P. di latatum P. ~h* t h P. intermedium P. intermedium , P~j P. juadrif i h 404851 233053 310111 404654 303994 404880 Corrientes...

  14. Optimization of a two stage light-gas gun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rynearson, Richard James

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AND ACCELERATION AT TIME "t" CALCULATE NEW PISTON VELOCITY AND POSITION BASED OH STEP 5 DECREASE ht HAS DIAPHRAGM OPENEDT YES CALCULATE PROJECTILE 6c ACCELERATION AT TIME "t" AND NO( VELOCITY AND POSITION NO CALCULATE dT/dt FOR LIGHT GAS AT ?t+dt? 6e... Subject: Aerospace Engineering OPTIMIZATION OF A TWO STAGE LIGHT-GAS GUN A Thesis by RICHARD JAMES RYNEARSON Approved as to style and content by: ( irman of Comni ttee) J. L. Rand (Head of Department) A. E. Cronk (Member) D. J. Norton (Member) C...

  15. Origin of the phase transition in IrTe2: structural modulation and local bonding instability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cao, Huibo [ORNL; Chakoumakos, Bryan C [ORNL; Yan, Jiaqiang [ORNL; Zhou, Haidong [ORNL; Custelcean, Radu [ORNL; Mandrus, D. [University of Tennessee (UTK) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); McGuire, Michael A [ORNL; Singh, David J [ORNL; Chen, Xin [ORNL; Yang, Hui [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We used X-ray/neutron diffraction to determine the low temperature (LT) structure of IrTe2. A structural modulation was observed with a wavevector of k =(1/5, 0, 1/5) below Ts285 K, accompanied by a structural transition from a trigonal to a triclinic lattice. We also performed the first principles calculations for high temperature (HT) and LT structures, which elucidate the nature of the phase transition and the LT structure. A local bonding instability associated with the Te 5p states is likely the origin of the structural phase transition in IrTe2.

  16. Whitman's typology: from Imitatio Christi to one's self/en masse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agrella, Catherine Vance

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    be "matched with one of the thirty "typology poemsu of the second series of the Meditat. iona. 8 The Lan ua e of Canaan: Literature and Thou ht in American from The Puritans to the Transcendenta lists (Cambridgec Harvard University Press, 1980), p. 102... the unified Dispen- sation of God s redeeming Grace. ?25 In The Language of Canaan, Mason Lowance asks a pertinent ques- tior:: "How could seventeenth-century Christians identify them elves with the abrogated figures and types of the Old Testament while...

  17. Synthesis of Conducting Polymer-Metal Nanoparticle Hybrids Exploiting RAFT Polymerization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Paul E.; Jones, Samuel T.; Walsh, Zarah; Appel, Eric A.; Abo-Hamed, Enass K.; Scherman, Oren A.

    2015-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    of potential applications in areas such as field-effect transistors (FETs), organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) and photovoltaics. Through attachment in this manner a p-n heterojunction is created between a p-type hole transporting (HT) conducting polymer (CP... . Blend- ing techniques give CP/NP nanohybrids (where ‘/’ denotes physi- cal blending) by either constructing a CP/NP bilayer or a CP/NP alternating multilayer.12 In either case, blending of CPs and NPs leads to low quantum efficiencies (QE)13 and device...

  18. Light trapping in a 30-nm organic photovoltaic cell for efficient carrier collection and light absorption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsai, Cheng-Chia; Banerjee, Ashish; Osgood, Richard M; Englund, Dirk

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe surface patterning strategies that permit high photon-collection efficiency together with high carrier-collection efficiency in an ultra-thin planar heterojunction organic photovoltaic cell. Optimized designs reach up to 50% photon collection efficiency in a P3HT layer of only 30 nm, representing a 3- to 5-fold improvement over an unpatterned cell of the same thickness. We compare the enhancement of light confinement in the active layer with an ITO top layer for TE and TM polarized light, and demonstrate that the light absorption can increase by a factor of 2 due to a gap-plasmon mode in the active layer.

  19. Iron efficiency in sorghum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esty, James Craig

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) James Craig Esty, B, S. , Panhandle State College Co-Chairmen of Advisory Committee: Dr. Arthur B. Onken Dr. Lloyd R. Hossner R tt *ht ' d f * ' g * gh L~Sh bicolor (L. ) Moenchj parental lines and Fl hybrids indicate varying degrees of iron (Fe...) utilization. Visual ratings after seven days of Fe stress indicated only one hybrid, ATx 378 x RTx 2536, to be green or Fe efficient. Hybrids or parental lines rated partially chlorotic were: ATx 378 x RTx 415 and RTx 2536. Those sorghums rated chlorotic...

  20. Energy Conservation in Industrial Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meharg, E.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    color of the fluorescent is a further advantage indoors. I INCAllDESCEiH 120000 3000 I 2500 ! L1FECOS LIFECOS;-$j 100000 2)00 250 W. _IIERCURY 80000 1500 50000 HPS 1000 f ! 40000 500 VARIOUS LIGHT SOURCES 20000 OUTDOOR LTG. - 10 t... MACHINE SHOP O~-=-=-----::-::------:::----,-,------=----------- o ro w ~~~ w ro ~ ~~ ill 120 ILLUMINATION LEVEL - FOOTCANDLES (MAINTAINED) HPS AT 30 FT. MTG. HT. PLUS INCAIWESCENT TASK LTG. ROOM: 230 X 45 FT. FIGURE 4 A similar illustration is given...