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Sample records for gotaverken ht hitachi

  1. Hitachi Reseach Laboratory Hitachi Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Hitachi Reseach Laboratory, Hitachi Ltd Place: Hitachi-shi, Ibaraki, Japan Zip: 319-1292 Sector: Wind energy Product: Hitachi Research Laboratory, one of...

  2. Hitachi Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hitachi Ltd Place: Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan Zip: 101-8010 Sector: Hydro, Wind energy Product: Hitachi manufactures electronic goods, including PV...

  3. GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy Place: Wilmington, North Carolina Zip: 28402 Sector: Efficiency, Services Product: GE Hitachi...

  4. Hitachi Research Institute | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Institute Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hitachi Research Institute Place: Tokyo, Japan Zip: 101-8010 Product: Hitachi Research Institute is the think tank of the Hitachi...

  5. Hitachi Electric Vehicle Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Vehicle Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hitachi Electric Vehicle, Ltd Place: Japan Product: String representation "A Japan-based c ... le automobiles." is too long....

  6. Hitachi High Technologies Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hitachi High-Technologies Corp Place: Tokyo, Japan Zip: 105-8717 Sector: Solar Product: Japan-based technology firm that is member of the...

  7. Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-13-005 GE Hitachi EC B3-6.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5 SECTION A. Project Title: Next Generation Electromagnetic Pump: Analysis Tools and Insulation Materials Development - GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy Americas LLC SECTION B. Project Description GE Hitachi, teaming with Argonne National Laboratory, proposes to improve electromagnetic (EM) pump analysis model and EM design and analysis tools for next-generation EM pumps. Additionally, GE Hitachi proposes to develop, produce, and evaluate samples of new pump insulation materials. SECTION C.

  8. Preliminary performance of HT datalink

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cieslewski, Grzegorz

    2014-02-11

    Preliminary performance of HT HS datalink at room temperature over 5000ft of wireline. The data shows ablility of the datalink to adapt by decreasing speed.

  9. Preliminary performance of HT datalink

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Cieslewski, Grzegorz

    Preliminary performance of HT HS datalink at room temperature over 5000ft of wireline. The data shows ablility of the datalink to adapt by decreasing speed.

  10. Fielding of HT-seismic Tools and Evaluation of HT-FPGA Module...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fielding of HT-seismic Tools and Evaluation of HT-FPGA Module - Development of a HT-seismic Tool; 2010 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report Fielding of HT-seismic Tools...

  11. H&T Aquatics Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    H&T Aquatics Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name H&T Aquatics Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility H&T Aquatics...

  12. Development of a HT Seismic Tool

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The program objective is to design; fabricate and field test two high temperature (HT) seismic tools in an EGS application.

  13. Fielding of HT-seismic Tools and Evaluation of HT-FPGA Module - Development

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of a HT-seismic Tool; 2010 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report | Department of Energy Fielding of HT-seismic Tools and Evaluation of HT-FPGA Module - Development of a HT-seismic Tool; 2010 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report Fielding of HT-seismic Tools and Evaluation of HT-FPGA Module - Development of a HT-seismic Tool; 2010 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report DOE 2010 Geothermal Technologies Program Peer Review PDF icon hightemp_020_henfling.pdf More

  14. HT Combinatorial Screening of Novel Materials for High Capacity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    HT Combinatorial Screening of Novel Materials for High Capacity Hydrogen Storage HT Combinatorial Screening of Novel Materials for High Capacity Hydrogen Storage Presentation for...

  15. Antibodies specific for HT.sub.m4

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lim, Bing (Dorchester, MA); Adra, Chaker N. (Boston, MA); Lelias, Jean-Michel (Columbus, OH)

    1998-01-01

    The invention relates to a recombinant DNA molecule which encodes a HT.sub.m4 protein, a transformed host cell which has been stably transfected with a DNA molecule which encodes a HT.sub.m4 protein and a recombinant HT.sub.m4 protein. The invention also relates to a method for detecting the presence of a hereditary atopy.

  16. Recombinant HT.sub.m4 gene, protein and assays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lim, Bing; Adra, Chaker N.; Lelias, Jean-Michel

    1996-01-01

    The invention relates to a recombinant DNA molecule which encodes a HT.sub.m4 protein, a transformed host cell which has been stably transfected with a DNA molecule which encodes a HT.sub.m4 protein and a recombinant HT.sub.m4 protein. The invention also relates to a method for detecting the presence of a hereditary atopy.

  17. Antibodies specific for HT{sub m4}

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lim, B.; Adra, C.N.; Lelias, J.M.

    1998-01-06

    The invention relates to a recombinant DNA molecule which encodes a HT{sub m4} protein, a transformed host cell which has been stably transfected with a DNA molecule which encodes a HT{sub m4} protein and a recombinant HT{sub m4} protein. The invention also relates to a method for detecting the presence of a hereditary atopy. 2 figs.

  18. Recombinant HT{sub m4} gene, protein and assays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lim, B.; Adra, C.N.; Lelias, J.M.

    1996-09-03

    The invention relates to a recombinant DNA molecule which encodes a HT{sub m4} protein, a transformed host cell which has been stably transfected with a DNA molecule which encodes a HT{sub m4} protein and a recombinant HT{sub m4} protein. The invention also relates to a method for detecting the presence of a hereditary atopy. 2 figs.

  19. HT Combinatorial Screening of Novel Materials for High Capacity Hydrogen

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Storage | Department of Energy HT Combinatorial Screening of Novel Materials for High Capacity Hydrogen Storage HT Combinatorial Screening of Novel Materials for High Capacity Hydrogen Storage Presentation for the high temperature combinatorial screening for high capacity hydrogen storage meeting PDF icon ht_ucf_raissi.pdf More Documents & Publications Proceedings of the 1998 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program Review: April 28-30, 1998 Alexandria, Virginia: Volume I Hydrogen Leak Detection -

  20. P3HT-b-PS Copolymers as P3HT/PCBM Interfacial Compatibilizers for High Efficiency Photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Zhenzhong; Xiao, Kai; Yu, Xiang; Hong, Kunlun; Keum, Jong Kahk; Browning, Jim; Ivanov, Ilia N; Chen, Jihua; Alonzo Calderon, Jose E; Sumpter, Bobby G; Payzant, E Andrew; Rouleau, Christopher M; Geohegan, David B

    2011-01-01

    To control the donor-acceptor phase separation for more efficient organic bulk heterojunction photovoltaic cells, poly(3-hexylthiophene)-block-polystyrene (P3HT-b-PS) diblock copolymer was added to serve as a compatibilizer in a P3HT/ [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester fullerene derivative (PCBM) blend. An addition of 5 wt% of P3HT-b-PS copolymer in the P3HT/PCBM blend improved the power-conversion efficiency from 3.3% to 4.1% due to an enhancement of both the short-circuit current density and fill factor compared to that of a pristine P3HT/PCBM solar cell. Grazing incidence x-ray scattering (GIXS), absorption spectroscopy and carrier mobility studies reveal that the crystallinity and orientation of P3HT were improved, thereby enhancing hole transport in the P3HT polymer, and leading to a better balance between the electron and hole mobilities in the P3HT/PCBM active layer. Neutron reflectometry (NR) experiments demonstrate that a distinct scattering length density profile shows the highest PCBM concentration in the middle layer region and a more compact and homogeneous layer, presumably due to an increase in miscibility of P3HT and PCBM driven by the copolymer compatibilizer, while adding 5 wt% of P3HT-b-PS copolymer in the P3HT/PCBM blend. Quantum density functional theory calculations show that the P3HT-b-PS additive tends to promote microphase segregation, with the PCBM attracted to the PS block, and the P3HT stacking onto the P3HT block, which presumably leads to improvements in long-range crystallinity , consistent with the GIXS findings. Overall, the results for P3HT-b-PS copolymer in a P3HT/PCBM blend demonstrate that tailored block copolymers can act as an effective compatibilizer in blended systems to further improve solar cell performance

  1. Fielding of HT-seismic Tools and Evaluation of HT-FPGA Module - Development of a HT-seismic Tool; 2010 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4.4.6 Fielding of HT-seismic Tools and Evaluation of HT-FPGA Module - Development of a HT-seismic Tool Presentation Number: 020 Investigator: Henfling, John (Sandia National Laboratories) Objectives: To design, fabricate and field test two high-temperature seismic tools in an EGS application; to work with commercial partners in the development of the tool; and to develop two electronic designs. Average Overall Score: 2.7/4.0 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 Relevance/ Impact Scientific/

  2. Irradiation Embritlement in Alloy HT-9

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Serrano De Caro, Magdalena

    2012-08-27

    HT-9 steel is a candidate structural and cladding material for high temperature lead-bismuth cooled fast reactors. In typical advanced fast reactor designs fuel elements will be irradiated for an extended period of time, reaching up to 5-7 years. Significant displacement damage accumulation in the steel is expected (> 200 dpa) when exposed to dpa-rates of 20-30 dpa{sub Fe}/y and high fast flux (E > 0.1 MeV) {approx}4 x 10{sup 15} n/cm{sup 2}s. Core temperatures could reach 400-560 C, with coolant temperatures at the inlet as low as 250 C, depending on the reactor design. Mechanical behavior in the presence of an intense fast flux and high dose is a concern. In particular, low temperature operation could be limited by irradiation embrittlement. Creep and corrosion effects in liquid metal coolants could set a limit to the upper operating temperature. In this report, we focus on the low temperature operating window limit and describe HT-9 embrittlement experimental findings reported in the literature that could provide supporting information to facilitate the consideration of a Code Case on irradiation effects for this class of steels in fast reactor environments. HT-9 has an extensive database available on irradiation performance, which makes it the best choice as a possible near-term candidate for clad, and ducts in future fast reactors. Still, as it is shown in this report, embrittlement data for very low irradiation temperatures (< 200 C) and very high radiation exposure (> 150 dpa) is scarce. Experimental findings indicate a saturation of DBTT shifts as a function of dose, which could allow for long lifetime cladding operation. However, a strong increase in DBTT shift with decreasing irradiation temperature could compromise operation at low service temperatures. Development of a deep understanding of the physics involved in the radiation damage mechanisms, together with multiscale computer simulation models of irradiation embrittlement will provide the basis to derive trendlines and quantitative engineering predictions.

  3. P3HT-b-PS Copolymers as P3HT/PCBM Interfacial Compatibilizers for High Efficiency Photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sumpter, Bobby G

    2011-01-01

    A conducting diblock copolymer of PS-b-P3HT was added to serve as a compatibilizer in a P3HT/PCBM blend, which improved the power-conversion efficiency from 3.3% to 4.1% due to the enhanced crystallinity, morphology, interface interaction, and depth profile of PCBM.

  4. ZhongHang Baoding Huiteng Windpower Equipment Co Ltd HT Blade...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ZhongHang Baoding Huiteng Windpower Equipment Co Ltd HT Blade Jump to: navigation, search Name: ZhongHang (Baoding) Huiteng Windpower Equipment Co Ltd (HT Blade) Place: Baoding,...

  5. HT.sub.m4 methods of treatment and assays, agonists and antagonists

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lim, Bing (Dorchester, MA); Adra, Chaker N. (Boston, MA); Lelias, Jean-Michel (Columbus, OH)

    1999-01-01

    The invention relates to a recombinant DNA molecule which encodes a HT.sub.m4 protein, a transformed host cell which has been stably transfected with a DNA molecule which encodes a HT.sub.m4 protein and a recombinant HT.sub.m4 protein. The invention also relates to a method for detecting the presence of a hereditary atopy.

  6. Variational calculations of the HT{sup +} rovibrational energies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bekbaev, A. K.; Korobov, V. I.; Dineykhan, M.

    2011-04-15

    In this Brief Report, we use the exponential explicitly correlated variational basis set of the type exp(-{alpha}{sub n}R-{beta}{sub n}r{sub 1}-{gamma}{sub n}r{sub 2}) to calculate systematically the nonrelativistic bound-state energies for the hydrogen molecular ion HT{sup +}. We perform calculations for the states of the total orbital angular momentum L=0 and 1 with the complete set of vibrational quantum numbers v= 0-23, as well as for the states of L= 2-5 and v= 0-5. The E1 dipole transition moments, which are of importance for the planning of spectroscopic laser experiments, have been obtained as well.

  7. Compositions and methods related to serotonin 5-HT1A receptors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mukherjee, Jogeshwar; Saigal, Neil

    2010-06-08

    Contemplated substituted arylpiperazinyl compounds, and most preferably 18F-Mefway, exhibit desirable in vitro and in vivo binding characteristics to the 5-HT1A receptor. Among other advantageous parameters, contemplated compounds retain high binding affinity, display optimal lipophilicity, and are radiolabeled efficiently with 18F-fluorine in a single step. Still further, contemplated compounds exhibit high target to non-target ratios in receptor-rich regions both in vitro and in vivo, and selected compounds can be effectively and sensitively displaced by serotonin, thus providing a quantitative tool for measuring 5-HT1A receptors and serotonin concentration changes in the living brain.

  8. Compositions and methods related to serotonin 5-HT1A receptors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mukherjee, Jogeshwar; Saigal, Neil; Saigal, legal representative, Harsh

    2012-09-25

    Contemplated substituted arylpiperazinyl compounds, and most preferably 18F-Mefway, exhibit desirable in vitro and in vivo binding characteristics to the 5-HT1A receptor. Among other advantageous parameters, contemplated compounds retain high binding affinity, display optimal lipophilicity, and are radiolabeled efficiently with 18F-fluorine in a single step. Still further, contemplated compounds exhibit high target to non-target ratios in receptor-rich regions both in vitro and in vivo, and selected compounds can be effectively and sensitively displaced by serotonin, thus providing a quantitative tool for measuring 5-HT1A receptors and serotonin concentration changes in the living brain.

  9. Accelerated Testing of HT-9 with Zirconia Coatings Containing Gallium using Raman Spectroscopy and XPS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Windisch, Charles F.; Henager, Charles H.; Engelhard, Mark H.; Bennett, Wendy D.

    2009-12-01

    Laser Raman spectroscopy and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to study the evolution of composition of oxide films in the presence of zirconia coatings on miniature HT-9 alloy specimens subjected to elevated temperature in air. The experiments expanded on previous efforts to develop a quick-screening technique for candidate alloys for cladding materials (HT-9) and actinide-based mixed oxide fuel mixtures (represented by the zirconia coating) by investigating the effect of both coating composition and alloy pretreatment conditions on the high temperature reactions. In particular, the presence of the element Ga (a potential impurity in mixed oxide fuel) in the initial zirconia coating was found to accelerate the rate of oxide growth relative to that of yttria-stabilized zirconia studied previously. In addition, HT-9 samples that were subjected to different thermal pretreatments gave different results. The results suggest that the presence of Ga in a mixed oxide fuel will enhance the corrosion of HT-9 cladding under the conditions of this study, although the extent of enhancement is influenced by thermal pretreatment of the cladding material. The results also demonstrate the need to combine Raman spectroscopy with other techniques, particularly photoelectron spectroscopy, for optimizing composition and/or fabrication conditions of both cladding and oxide fuels for advanced nuclear reactors.

  10. Thermal annealing recovery of fracture toughness in HT9 steel after irradation to high doses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Byun, Thak Sang; Baek, Jong-Hyuk; Anderoglu, Osman; Maloy, Stuart A.; Toloczko, Mychailo B.

    2014-12-31

    The HT9 ferritic/martensitic steel with a nominal chemistry of Fe(bal.)12%Cr1%MoVW has been used as a primary core material for fast fission reactors such as FFTF because of its high resistance to radiationinduced swelling and embrittlement. Both static and dynamic fracture test results have shown that the HT9 steel can become brittle when it is exposed to high dose irradiation at a relatively low temperature 430 C). This article aims at a comprehensive discussion on the thermal annealing recovery of fracture toughness in the HT9 steel after irradiation up to 3148 dpa at 378504 C. A specimen reuse technique has been established and applied to this study: the fracture specimens were tested Charpy specimens or broken halves of Charpy bars (13 3 4 mm). The post-anneal fracture test results indicated that much of the radiation-induced damage can be recovered by a simple thermal annealing schedule: the fracture toughness was incompletely recovered by 550 C annealing, while nearly complete or complete recovery occurred after 650 C annealing. This indicates that thermal annealing is a feasible damage mitigation technique for the reactor components made of HT9 steel. The partial recovery is probably due to the non-removable microstructural damages such as void or gas bubble formation, elemental segregation and precipitation.

  11. Gap Analysis of Material Properties Data for Ferritic/Martensitic HT-9 Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Neil R.; Serrano De Caro, Magdalena; Rodriguez, Edward A.

    2012-08-28

    The US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), is supporting the development of an ASME Code Case for adoption of 12Cr-1Mo-VW ferritic/martensitic (F/M) steel, commonly known as HT-9, primarily for use in elevated temperature design of liquid-metal fast reactors (LMFR) and components. In 2011, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) nuclear engineering staff began assisting in the development of a small modular reactor (SMR) design concept, previously known as the Hyperion Module, now called the Gen4 Module. LANL staff immediately proposed HT-9 for the reactor vessel and components, as well as fuel clad and ducting, due to its superior thermal qualities. Although the ASME material Code Case, for adoption of HT-9 as an approved elevated temperature material for LMFR service, is the ultimate goal of this project, there are several key deliverables that must first be successfully accomplished. The most important key deliverable is the research, accumulation, and documentation of specific material parameters; physical, mechanical, and environmental, which becomes the basis for an ASME Code Case. Time-independent tensile and ductility data and time-dependent creep and creep-rupture behavior are some of the material properties required for a successful ASME Code case. Although this report provides a cursory review of the available data, a much more comprehensive study of open-source data would be necessary. This report serves three purposes: (a) provides a list of already existing material data information that could ultimately be made available to the ASME Code, (b) determines the HT-9 material properties data missing from available sources that would be required and (c) estimates the necessary material testing required to close the gap. Ultimately, the gap analysis demonstrates that certain material properties testing will be required to fulfill the necessary information package for an ASME Code Case.

  12. Temperature dependence of fracture toughness in HT9 steel neutron-irradiated up to 145 dpa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baek, Jong-Hyuk; Byun, Thak Sang; Maloy, S; Toloczko, M

    2014-01-01

    The temperature dependence of fracture toughness in HT9 steel irradiated to high doses was investigated using miniature three-point bend (TPB) fracture specimens. These specimens were from the ACO-3 fuel duct wall of the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF), in which irradiation doses were in the range of 3.2 144.8 dpa and irradiation temperatures in the range of 380.4 502.6 oC. A miniature specimen reuse technique has been established for this investigation: the specimens used were the tested halves of miniature Charpy impact specimens (~13 3 4 mm) with diamond-saw cut in the middle. The fatigue precracking for specimens and fracture resistance (J-R) tests were carried out in a MTS servo-hydraulic testing machine with a vacuum furnace following the standard procedure described in the ASTM Standard E 1820-09. For each of five irradiated and one archive conditions, 7 to 9 J-R tests were performed at selected temperatures ranging from 22 C to 600 C. The fracture toughness of the irradiated HT9 steel was strongly dependent on irradiation temperatures rather than irradiation dose. When the irradiation temperature was below about 430 C, the fracture toughness of irradiated HT9 increased with test temperature, reached an upper shelf of 180 200 MPa m at 350 450 C and then decreased with test temperature. When the irradiation temperature 430 C, the fracture toughness was nearly unchanged until about 450 C and decreased with test temperature in higher temperature range. Similar test temperature dependence was observed for the archive material although the highest toughness values are lower after irradiation. Ductile stable crack growth occurred except for a few cases where both the irradiation temperature and test temperature are relatively low.

  13. ERDA Critical Review Series ERD> S'of HtSTER

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ERDA Critical Review Series ERD> S'of HtSTER The Chemistry of A M E R I C I U M Wallace W. Schulz Technical Information Center, Energy Research and Deyelqpment Adminis^atioJl. , OTSTR1BUT1QN QF THIS D O C U M t N l U a l i N L i l v i r i L ^ DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency Thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes

  14. Chemical durability and degradation mechanisms of HT9 based alloy waste forms with variable Zr content

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olson, L. N.

    2015-10-30

    In Corrosion studies were undertaken on alloy waste forms that can result from advanced electrometallurgical processing techniques to better classify their durability and degradation mechanisms. The waste forms were based on the RAW3-(URe) composition, consisting primarily of HT9 steel and other elemental additions to simulate nuclear fuel reprocessing byproducts. The solution conditions of the corrosion studies were taken from an electrochemical testing protocol, and meant to simulate conditions in a repository. The alloys durability was examined in alkaline and acidic brines.

  15. Thermal annealing study on P3HT: PCBM based bulk heterojunction organic solar cells using impedance spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gollu, Sankara Rao; Sharma, Ramakant G, Srinivas Gupta, Dipti

    2014-10-15

    Recently, Thermal annealing is an important process for bulk heterojunction organic solar cells (BHJ OSCs) to improve the device efficiency and performance of the organic solar cells. Here in, we have examined the changes in the efficiency and morphology of P3HT: PCBM film according to the thermal annealing temperature to find the changes during the annealing process by measuring the optical absorption, atomic force microscope and X-ray diffraction. We also investigated the effect of different annealing process conditions (without, pre- and post-annealing) on the device performance of the inverted bulk heterojunction organic solar cells consist the structure of ITO/ ZnO / P3HT: PCBM / MoO{sub 3}/ Al by measuring AC impedance characteristics. Particularly, the power conversion efficiency (PCE), crystalline nature of the polymer, light absorption and the surface smoothness of P3HT: PCBM films are significantly improved after the annealing process. These results indicated the improvement in terms of PCE, interface smoothness between the P3HT: PCBM and MoO{sub 3} layers of the post annealed device originated from the decrease of series resistance between P3HT: PCBM layer and Al electrodes, which could be due to decrease in the effective life time of charge carriers.

  16. BDNF/TrkB signaling protects HT-29 human colon cancer cells from EGFR inhibition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brunetto de Farias, Caroline; Children's Cancer Institute, 90420-140 Porto Alegre, RS; Laboratory of Neuropharmacology and Neural Tumor Biology, Department of Pharmacology, Institute for Basic Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, 90050-170 Porto Alegre, RS; National Institute for Translational Medicine , 90035-003 Porto Alegre, RS ; Heinen, Tiago Elias; Pereira dos Santos, Rafael; Laboratory of Neuropharmacology and Neural Tumor Biology, Department of Pharmacology, Institute for Basic Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, 90050-170 Porto Alegre, RS; National Institute for Translational Medicine , 90035-003 Porto Alegre, RS ; Abujamra, Ana Lucia; Children's Cancer Institute, 90420-140 Porto Alegre, RS; National Institute for Translational Medicine , 90035-003 Porto Alegre, RS ; Schwartsmann, Gilberto; National Institute for Translational Medicine , 90035-003 Porto Alegre, RS; Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, 90035-003 Porto Alegre, RS ; and others

    2012-08-24

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer BDNF protected HT-29 colorectal cancer cells from the antitumor effect of cetuximab. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TrkB inhibition potentiated the antitumor effect of cetuximab. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer BDNF/TrkB signaling might be involved in resistance to anti-EGFR therapy. -- Abstract: The clinical success of targeted treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) is often limited by resistance to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) therapy. The neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its receptor TrkB have recently emerged as anticancer targets, and we have previously shown increased BDNF levels in CRC tumor samples. Here we report the findings from in vitro experiments suggesting that BDNF/TrkB signaling can protect CRC cells from the antitumor effects of EGFR blockade. The anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody cetuximab reduced both cell proliferation and the mRNA expression of BDNF and TrkB in human HT-29 CRC cells. The inhibitory effect of cetuximab on cell proliferation and survival was counteracted by the addition of human recombinant BDNF. Finally, the Trk inhibitor K252a synergistically enhanced the effect of cetuximab on cell proliferation, and this effect was blocked by BDNF. These results provide the first evidence that increased BDNF/TrkB signaling might play a role in resistance to EGFR blockade. Moreover, it is possible that targeting TrkB could potentiate the anticancer effects of anti-EGFR therapy.

  17. P3HT/PCBM Bulk Heterojunction Organic Photovoltaics. Correlating Efficiency and Morphology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Dian; Nakahara, Atsuhiro; Wei, Dongguang; Nordlund, Dennis; Russell, Thomas P.

    2010-12-21

    Controlling thin film morphology is key in optimizing the efficiency of polymer-based photovoltaic (PV) devices. We show that morphology and interfacial behavior of the multicomponent active layers confined between electrodes are strongly influenced by the preparation conditions. Here, we provide detailed descriptions of the morphologies and interfacial behavior in thin film mixtures of regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and [6,6]-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM), a typical active layer in a polymer-based PV device, in contact with an anode layer of PEDOT-PSS and either unconfined or confined by an Al cathode during thermal treatment. Small angle neutron scattering and electron microscopy show that a nanoscopic, bicontinuous morphology develops within seconds of annealing at 150 C and coarsens slightly with further annealing. P3HT and PCBM are shown to be highly miscible, to exhibit a rapid, unusual interdiffusion, and to display a preferential segregation of one component to the electrode interfaces. The ultimate morphology is related to device efficiency.

  18. DETECTION OF AN OUTBURST ONE YEAR PRIOR TO THE EXPLOSION OF SN 2011ht

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fraser, M.; Magee, M.; Kotak, R.; Smartt, S. J.; Smith, K. W.; Polshaw, J.; Drake, A. J.; Boles, T.; Lee, C.-H.; Burgett, W. S.; Chambers, K. C.; Flewelling, H.; Hodapp, K. W.; Kaiser, N.; Kudritzki, R.-P.; Magnier, E. A.; Tonry, J. L.; Wainscoat, R. J.; Draper, P. W.; Price, P. A.; and others

    2013-12-10

    Using imaging from the Pan-STARRS1 survey, we identify a precursor outburst at 287 and 170days prior to the reported explosion of the purported Type IIn supernova (SN) 2011ht. In the Pan-STARRS data, a source coincident with SN 2011ht is detected exclusively in the z {sub P1} and y {sub P1}-bands. An absolute magnitude of M{sub z} ? 11.8 suggests that this was an outburst of the progenitor star. Unfiltered, archival Catalina Real Time Transient Survey images also reveal a coincident source from at least 258 to 138days before the main event. We suggest that the outburst is likely to be an intrinsically red eruption, although we cannot conclusively exclude a series of erratic outbursts which were observed only in the redder bands by chance. This is only the fourth detection of an outburst prior to a claimed SN, and lends credence to the possibility that many more interacting transients have pre-explosion outbursts, which have been missed by current surveys.

  19. Photo-response of a P3HT:PCBM blend in metal-insulator-semiconductor capacitors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Devynck, M.; Rostirolla, B.; Watson, C. P.; Taylor, D. M.

    2014-11-03

    Metal-insulator-semiconductor capacitors are investigated, in which the insulator is cross-linked polyvinylphenol and the active layer a blend of poly(3-hexylthiophene), P3HT, and the electron acceptor [6,6]-phenyl-C{sub 61}-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM). Admittance spectra and capacitance-voltage measurements obtained in the dark both display similar behaviour to those previously observed in P3HT-only devices. However, the photo-capacitance response is significantly enhanced in the P3HT:PCBM case, where exciton dissociation leads to electron transfer into the PCBM component. The results are consistent with a network of PCBM aggregates that is continuous through the film but with no lateral interconnection between the aggregates at or near the blend/insulator interface.

  20. Probing the effect of electron acceptor structure and morphology on charge separation in ZnO/P3HT hybrid photovoltaics using steady-state transient photoinduced absorption.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, Robert Jackson; Lloyd, Matthew T.; Ferreira, Summer Rhodes; Lee, Yun-Ju; Hsu, Julia W. P.

    2010-04-01

    Hybrid cells based on ZnO/P3HT heterojunctions have the advantage of better device stability, but suffer poor photovoltaic performance compared to all-organic cells which use PCBM as the electron acceptor. The photovoltaic effect in these hybrid systems is accomplished via photoinduced charge separation at the interface between the absorbing polymer (P3HT) and the electron acceptor (ZnO). Efforts to improve device performance in these hybrid systems have centered on reducing the required diffusion length for P3HT excitons by creating bulk heterojunctions from either ZnO nanoparticles and P3HT or using ZnO precursors which convert in situ to form ZnO networks inside a polymer matrix. In this study, we use transient photoinduced absorption to access the lifetimes of P3HT polarons and excitons in bulk heterojunctions constructed using P3HT and ZnO nanoparticles or ZnO precursors and compare to those in planar ZnO/P3HT devices. Steady-state photoinduced absorption spectra of ZnO/P3HT show characteristic of sub-bandgap transitions associated with the formation of long-lived (msec lifetimes) radical cations (polarons) in P3HT. Similar short-lived polarons (psec lifetimes) are observed by picosecond transient photoinduced absorption in addition to infrared absorption due to excitons. Here we examine the lifetimes of both the excitons and polarons in ZnO:P3HT bulk heterojunctions using both picosecond and millisecond techniques in an effort to understand the effect of the structure and morphology of the electron acceptor on charge separation. We will also compare the relative photoexitation lifetimes, hence charge separation efficiency, for the planar and bulk heterojunction hybrid system to an all-organic P3HT:PCBM system.

  1. Short-Term Oxidation Studies on Nicrofer- 6025HT in Air at Elevated Temperatures for Advanced Coal Based Power Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joshi, Vineet V.; Meier, Alan; Darsell, Jens T.; Nachimuthu, Ponnusamy; Bowden, Mark E.; Weil, K. Scott

    2013-04-01

    Several advanced air separation unit (ASU) designs being considered for use in coal gasification rely on the use of solid state mixed ionic and electronic conductors. Nicrofer-6025HT, a nickel-based alloy, has been identified as a potential manifold material to transport the hot gases into the ASUs. In the current study, isothermal oxidation tests were conducted on Nicrofer-6025HT in the temperature range of 700900 C for up to 24 h. The evolution of oxide scale was evaluated using SEM, XRD, and XPS. The composite surface oxide layer that formed consisted of an outer chromia-rich scale and an inner alumina scale. For the longer times at the higher temperatures evaluated, a NiCr2O4 spinel phase was located at the interface between the alumina and chromia. Based on the experimental results a four-step oxidation model was proposed.

  2. Irradiation dose and temperature dependence of fracture toughness in high dose HT9 steel from the fuel duct of FFTF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Byun, Thak Sang; Toloczko, Mychailo B.; Saleh, Tarik A.; Maloy, Stuart A.

    2013-01-14

    To expand the knowledge base for fast reactor core materials, fracture toughness has been evaluated for high dose HT9 steel using miniature disk compact tension (DCT) specimens. The HT9 steel DCT specimens were machined from the ACO-3 fuel duct of the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF), which achieved high doses in the range of 3148 dpa at 378504 C. The static fracture resistance (J-R) tests have been performed in a servohydraulic testing machine in vacuum at selected temperatures including room temperature, 200 C, and each irradiation temperature. Brittle fracture with a low toughness less than 50 MPa pm occurred in room temperature tests when irradiation temperature was below 400 C, while ductile fracture with stable crack growth was observed when irradiation temperature was higher. No fracture toughness less than 100 MPa pm was measured when the irradiation temperature was above 430 C. It was shown that the influence of irradiation temperature was dominant in fracture toughness while the irradiation dose has only limited influence over the wide dose range 3148 dpa. A slow decrease of fracture toughness with test temperature above room temperature was observed for the nonirradiated and high temperature (>430 *C) irradiation cases, which indicates that the ductilebrittle transition temperatures (DBTTs) in those conditions are lower than room temperature. A comparison with the collection of existing data confirmed the dominance of irradiation temperature in the fracture toughness of HT9 steels.

  3. Targeting miR-21 enhances the sensitivity of human colon cancer HT-29 cells to chemoradiotherapy in vitro

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Jun; Lei, Wan; Fu, Jian-Chun; Zhang, Ling; Li, Jun-He; Xiong, Jian-Ping

    2014-01-17

    Highlight: MiR-21 plays a significant role in 5-FU resistance. This role might be attributed to targeting of hMSH2 as well as TP and DPD via miR-21 targeted hMSH2. Indirectly targeted TP and DPD to influence 5-FU chemotherapy sensitivity. -- Abstract: 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is a classic chemotherapeutic drug that has been widely used for colorectal cancer treatment, but colorectal cancer cells are often resistant to primary or acquired 5-FU therapy. Several studies have shown that miR-21 is significantly elevated in colorectal cancer. This suggests that this miRNA might play a role in this resistance. In this study, we investigated this possibility and the possible mechanism underlying this role. We showed that forced expression of miR-21 significantly inhibited apoptosis, enhanced cell proliferation, invasion, and colony formation ability, promoted G1/S cell cycle transition and increased the resistance of tumor cells to 5-FU and X radiation in HT-29 colon cancer cells. Furthermore, knockdown of miR-21 reversed these effects on HT-29 cells and increased the sensitivity of HT-29/5-FU to 5-FU chemotherapy. Finally, we showed that miR-21 targeted the human mutS homolog2 (hMSH2), and indirectly regulated the expression of thymidine phosphorylase (TP) and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD). These results demonstrate that miR-21 may play an important role in the 5-FU resistance of colon cancer cells.

  4. Investigation of temperature dependence of fracture toughness in high-dose HT9 steel using small-specimen reuse technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baek, Jong-Hyuk; Byun, Thak Sang; Maloy, Stuart A.; Toloczko, Mychailo B.

    2014-01-01

    The temperature dependence of fracture toughness in HT9 steel irradiated to 3145 dpa at 380503 degrees*C was investigated using miniature three-point bend (TPB) fracture specimens. A miniature-specimen reuse technique has been established: the tested halves of subsize Charpy impact specimens with dimensions of 27 mm *3mm* 4 mm were reused for this fracture test campaign by cutting a notch with a diamond-saw in the middle of each half, and by fatigue-precracking to generate a sharp crack tip. It was confirmed that the fracture toughness of HT9 steel in the dose range depends more strongly on the irradiation temperature than the irradiation dose. At an irradiation temperature <430 *degreesC, the fracture toughness of irradiated HT9 increased with the test temperature, reached an upper shelf of 180200 MPa*m^.5 at 350450 degrees*C, and then decreased with the test temperature. At an irradiation temperature >430 degrees*C, the fracture toughness was nearly unchanged up to about 450 *degreesC and decreased slowly with test temperatures in a higher temperature range. Such a rather monotonic test temperature dependence after high-temperature irradiation is similar to that observed for an archive material generally showing a higher degree of toughness. A brittle fracture without stable crack growth occurred in only a few specimens with relatively lower irradiation and test temperatures. In this discussion, these TPB fracture toughness data are compared with previously published data from 12.7 mm diameter disc compact tension (DCT) specimens.

  5. Evaluation of the response of tritium-in-air instrumentation to HT in dry and humid conditions and to HTO vapor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, H.; Dean, J.; Privas, E.

    2015-03-15

    Nuclear plant operators (power generation, decommissioning and reprocessing operations) are required to monitor releases of tritium species for regulatory compliance and radiation protection purposes. Tritium monitoring is performed using tritium-in-air gas monitoring instrumentation based either on flow-through ion chambers or proportional counting systems. Tritium-in-air monitors are typically calibrated in dry conditions but in service may operate at elevated levels of relative humidity. The NPL (National Physical Laboratory) radioactive gas-in-air calibration system has been used to study the effect of humidity on the response to tritium of two tritium-in-air ion chamber based monitors and one proportional counting system which uses a P10/air gas mixture. The response of these instruments to HTO vapour has also been evaluated. In each case, instrument responses were obtained for HT in dry conditions (relative humidity (RH) about 2%), HT in 45% RH, and finally HTO at 45% RH. Instrumentation response to HT in humid conditions has been found to slightly exceed that in dry conditions. (authors)

  6. Pre- and postirradiation evaluation of TRISO ThO/sub 2/ particles irradiated in capsule HT-34

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, C.A.; Jones, C.S.

    1980-10-01

    Capsule HT-34 was irradiated jointly by General Atomic Company (GA) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). This report presents the pre- and postirradiation evaluation conducted by GA. The purpose of the test was to characterize the mechanical and chemical performance and fission product release of TRISO ThO/sub 2/ particles. Sixteen TRISO ThO/sub 2/ samples, which had been fabricated in the production-line (240-mm-ID) coater, were irradiated at approximately 1200 and 1450/sup 0/C to neutron fluences of 5.1 to 10.2 x 10/sup 25/ n/m/sup 2/ (E > 29 fJ)/sub HTGR/, and burnups of 5.1 to 12.7% FIMA. Following are the results of the postirradiation examination: the OPyC coating failure of the 800-..mu..m-diameter particles irradiated at 1200/sup 0/C was less than or equal to 1.8%; the pressure-vessel model overpredicted failure up to seven times the observed failure for the samples irradiated at 1200/sup 0/C; palladium attack and internal corrosion of the SiC coating was observed in the samples irradiated at 1200/sup 0/C; internal corrosion of the SiC coating caused SiC failure up to 100% in the samples irradiated at 1450/sup 0/C; and an average of 16 and 90% of the Cs was released from failed particles irradiated at 1200 and 1450/sup 0/C, respectively, after 2686 h of irradiation.

  7. Fabrication and characterization of inverted organic solar cells using shuttle cock-type metal phthalocyanine and PCBM:P3HT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suzuki, Atsushi Furukawa, Ryo Akiyama, Tsuyoshi Oku, Takeo

    2015-02-27

    Inverted organic solar cells using shuttle cock-type phthalocyanine, semiconducting polymer and fullerenes were fabricated and characterized. Photovoltaic and optical properties of the solar cells with inverted structures were investigated by optical absorption, current density-voltage characteristics. The photovoltaic properties of the tandem organic solar cell using titanyl phthalocyanine, vanadyl phthalocyanine, poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and [6, 6]-phenyl C{sub 61}-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) were improved. Effect of annealing and solvent treatment on surface morphologies of the active layer was investigated. The photovoltaic mechanisms, energy levels and band gap of active layers were discussed for improvement of the photovoltaic performance.

  8. An Industry/DOE Program to Develop and Benchmark Advanced Diamond Product Drill Bits and HP/HT Drilling Fluids to Significantly Improve Rates of Penetration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    TerraTek

    2007-06-30

    A deep drilling research program titled 'An Industry/DOE Program to Develop and Benchmark Advanced Diamond Product Drill Bits and HP/HT Drilling Fluids to Significantly Improve Rates of Penetration' was conducted at TerraTek's Drilling and Completions Laboratory. Drilling tests were run to simulate deep drilling by using high bore pressures and high confining and overburden stresses. The purpose of this testing was to gain insight into practices that would improve rates of penetration and mechanical specific energy while drilling under high pressure conditions. Thirty-seven test series were run utilizing a variety of drilling parameters which allowed analysis of the performance of drill bits and drilling fluids. Five different drill bit types or styles were tested: four-bladed polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC), 7-bladed PDC in regular and long profile, roller-cone, and impregnated. There were three different rock types used to simulate deep formations: Mancos shale, Carthage marble, and Crab Orchard sandstone. The testing also analyzed various drilling fluids and the extent to which they improved drilling. The PDC drill bits provided the best performance overall. The impregnated and tungsten carbide insert roller-cone drill bits performed poorly under the conditions chosen. The cesium formate drilling fluid outperformed all other drilling muds when drilling in the Carthage marble and Mancos shale with PDC drill bits. The oil base drilling fluid with manganese tetroxide weighting material provided the best performance when drilling the Crab Orchard sandstone.

  9. CUG13_HT_paper

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Intel Technology Journal, Volume 6, Issue 1 p.11. 2002. 3 William Magro, Paul Petersen, and Sanjiv Shah, Hyper-Threading Technology: Impact on Compute-Intensive Workloads,...

  10. Using coiled tubing in HP/HT corrosive gas wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-06-01

    High-yield-strength (100,000 psi) coiled tubing (CT) material has allowed for CT intervention in Mobile Bay Norphlet completions. These wells are approximately 22,000-ft-vertical-depth, high-pressure, hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S) gas wells. Operations performed on the Norphlet wells include a scale cleanout to approximately 22,000 ft, a hydrochloric acid (HCl) job at 415 F, and buildup removal from a safety valve. The scale cleanout was performed first with a spiral wash tool. The well was killed with 10-lbm/gal sodium bromide (NaBr) brine; the same brine was used for cleanout fluid. Cost savings of 60% were realized. A HCl matrix acid job at 415 F was performed next, followed by a scale cleanout across the downhole safety valve. The safety valve was cleared of debris in 1 operational day. Estimated cost of the CT operation was 5 to 10% less than that of a rig workover. The 100,000-psi-yield Ct material used for the Mobile Bay operations does not comply with the (NACE) Standard MR-0175. But on the basis of extensive laboratory testing by the CT manufacturer, the decision was made that the material would pass a modified test performed with decreased H{sub 2}S levels. A maximum level of 400 ppm H{sub 2}S was determined as the safe working limit. Because the maximum H{sub 2}S content in the wells described later was 120 ppm, the risk of sulfide-stress cracking (SSC) was considered acceptably low. Elevated bottomhole temperatures (BHT`s) increase the corrosion rate of metals exposed to corrosives. Extensive laboratory testing of corrosion inhibitors allowed for design of a matrix-acidizing treatment to remove near-wellbore damage caused by lost zinc bromide (ZnBr) completion brine.

  11. Dual-completion design for HP/HT corrosive oil well, Villafortuna-Trecate Italy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cerruti, S.E.

    1994-12-31

    Villafortuna-Trecate (Italy) oil field is one of the deepest hydrocarbon deposit in production with a reservoir pressure over 15 Ksi, bottom hole temperature in the range of 380 F and corrosive environment due the presence of carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide in the production fluids. The design of Villafortuna-Trecate completions requested effort in the selection of appropriate equipment and materials that would enhance the safety, longevity and production capacity of the wells. The paper will discuss the dual completion design outlining the supporting logic and concepts together with the equipment innovations utilized. It includes discussion on tubing material and design, tubing connection, wellhead equipment, completion schemes and related equipment, annulus fluid and displacement technique. Quality control aspects are also discussed. It should serve as a general example of conditions unique to deep, high pressure, high temperature corrosive wells and should be of interest to engineers facing a similar task.

  12. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice102.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Keith Klein, Manager U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations P.O. Box 550 (A7-50) Richland, WA 99352 Subject: Possible Transfer of Low-Level & Mixed Low-Level Waste to Hanford Dear Messrs. Clarke, Fitzsimmons, and Klein: The upcoming Record of Decision (ROD) for the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Disposal of Low-Level and Mixed Low- Level Waste will identify Hanford as one of the preferred disposal sites for both types of waste from

  13. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice103.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Keith Klein, Manager U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations P.O. Box 550 (A7-50) Richland, WA 99352 Subject: Characterization of Burial Grounds and Importation of Waste Dear Messrs. Clarke, Fitzsimmons, and Klein: Historical records, process knowledge and documentation of burial, as late as 1995, indicate that the Hanford Site's low-level waste burial grounds contain mixed low-level waste, which contain "hazardous" or "dangerous" waste. If the burial grounds do

  14. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice104.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ms. Carolyn Huntoon, Assistant Secretary Office of Environmental Management U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. S.W. Washington, DC 20585 Keith Klein, Manager U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations P.O. Box 550 (A7-50) Richland, WA 99352 Dick French, Manager Office of River Protection 2440 Stevens Center Richland, WA 99352 Subject: Openness Dear Ms. Huntoon & Messrs. Klein and French: In December 1998, the Hanford Advisory Board (Board), through consensus advice (#89),

  15. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice105.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Keith Klein, Manager U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations P.O. Box 550 (A7-50) Richland, WA 99352 Dick French, Manager Office of River Protection 2440 Stevens Center Richland, WA 99352 Subject: FY2002 Budget Prioritization Dear Messrs. Klein and French: The Hanford Advisory Board (Board) has provided extensive advice on the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) budget development process and considers it to be an important feature of identifying, discussing, and implementing the site's

  16. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice108.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dick French, Manager Office of River Protection 2440 Stevens Center Richland, WA 99352 Keith Klein, Manager U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations P.O. Box 550 (A7-50) Richland, WA 99352 Michael Barrett, Contracting Officer U.S. Department of Energy-ORP P.O. Box 450 (H6-60) Richland, WA 99352 Subject: Making Contractor Information Available to the Public on the Tank Waste Treatment Project Dear Messrs. French, Klein and Barrett: The Hanford Advisory Board applauds the Department of

  17. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice109.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Honorable Bill Richardson Secretary of Energy U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue SW Washington, DC 20585 Dick French, Manager Office of River Protection 2440 Stevens Center Richland, WA 99352 Michael Barrett, Contracting Officer U.S. Department of Energy-ORP P.O. Box 450 (H6-60) Richland, WA 99352 Subject: Making Contractor Information Available to the Public on the Tank Waste Treatment Project Dear Messrs. Richardson, French, and Barrett: The Hanford Advisory Board (HAB) is

  18. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice110.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ms. Carolyn Huntoon, Assistant Secretary Office of Environmental Management U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. S.W. Washington, DC 20585 Subject: Transfer of Authority for Records of Decision Back to Headquarters Dear Ms. Huntoon: We are writing to express our concerns over your Memorandum dated May 2, 2000, changing the delegation of approval authority for Environmental Restoration documents. Your memo removed signature authority for Interim CERCLA Records of Decision and RCRA

  19. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice111.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0 Keith Klein, Manager U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations P.O. Box 550 (A7-50) Richland, WA 99352 Harry Boston, Manager Office of River Protection 2440 Stevens Center Richland, WA 99352 Chuck Findley, Regional Administrator U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10 1200 Sixth Avenue Seattle, WA 98101 Tom Fitzsimmons, Director Washington Department of Ecology P.O. Box 47600 Olympia, WA 98504-7600 Subject: FY2001 Performance Measures Dear Messrs. Klein, Boston, Findley, and

  20. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice113.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8, 2000 Keith Klein, Manager U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations P.O. Box 550 (A7-50) Richland, WA 99352 Chuck Findley, Regional Administrator U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10 1200 Sixth Avenue Seattle, WA 98101 Tom Fitzsimmons, Director Washington Department of Ecology P.O. Box 47600 Olympia, WA 98504-7600 Subject: Hanford 2012: Accelerating Cleanup and Shrinking the Site (Hanford 2012) Dear Messrs. Klein, Findley, and Fitzsimmons: Cleanup along the Columbia River -

  1. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice29c.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Riveland, Director The Washington Department of Ecology PO Box 47600 Olympia, WA 98504-7600 Chuck Clarke, Regional Administrator U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10 1200 Sixth Avenue Seattle, WA 98101 August 11, 1995 Dear Ms. Riveland and Mr. Clarke: RE: Stewardship and Stockpile Scoping Hearings Enclosed is the Hanford Advisory Board's request toUSDOE to extend the public comment period on the stewardship and stockpile scoping hearings. We also urge the Washington State Department

  2. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice63a.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Background: The issue of institutional controls and their potential use at Hanford was first raised as part of the discussion on Strategic Planning and the initial draft of the Hanford Remedial Action-Environmental Impact Statement (HRA -EIS). As the discussion developed it became apparent that further work was needed to better define what institutional controls are and how they may be applied over time at Hanford. The following information is provided to help further the boards discussion on

  3. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice84a.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Governor John Kitzhaber 254 State Capitol Salem, OR 97310 Dear Governor Kitzhaber: The Hanford Advisory Board has reviewed the Department of Energy-Richland (DOE) draft FY2000 budget and provided the enclosed advice to DOE. For four years, the Hanford Advisory Board has conducted in-depth reviews of DOE 's proposed cleanup budgets. The advice from the Board has helped make cleanup more efficient, saving millions of taxpayer dollars. We worked with DOE-Richland to open the budget process and

  4. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice84b.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Honorable Federico Peña Secretary of Energy U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue SW Washington, DC 20585 Subject: FY2000 Budget Dear Secretary Peña: The Hanford Advisory Board has reviewed the DOE-Richland draft FY2000 budget and provides the following advice for your consideration. For the past four years, the Hanford Advisory Board has conducted reviews of DOE 's proposed budgets for Hanford cleanup. The advice from the Board has been the primary driver for significant cost

  5. Reactive Air Aluminizing of Nicrofer-6025HT for Use in Advanced Coal-Based Power Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joshi, Vineet V.; Choi, Jung-Pyung; Darsell, Jens T.; Meier, Alan; Weil, K. Scott

    2013-01-01

    The present work demonstrated the feasibility of preparing RAA coatings on Nicrofer and compared the effect of aluminum powder size on the RAA process.

  6. ERDA Critical Review Series ERD> S'of HtSTER

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... (Ed.), pp. 875-876, Journal of Chemical Education, ... RRx Res reactor target management RRv RRv C Cooling period ... Feasi iity Evaluation and R&D Program Plan for Transuranic ...

  7. New Hanover County, North Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    A. Registered Energy Companies in New Hanover County, North Carolina Chemtex GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy Energy Generation Facilities in New Hanover County, North Carolina New...

  8. North Carolina's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    American Distillation Inc Chemtex Coastal Carolina Clean Power CCCP GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleNorthCarolina%27s7th...

  9. BPA-2015-01296-FOIA Request

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1: GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy, "Energy Northwest Columbia Generating Station Jet Pump 1718 Riser Evaluation at 106% Rated Core Flow (115 Mlbshr)," Report 001 N6043.4...

  10. BPA-2015-01296-FOIA Correspondence

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1: GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy, "Energy Northwest Columbia Generating Station Jet Pump 17118 Riser Evaluation at 106% Rated Core Flow (115 Mlbslhr)," Report 001 N6043.4...

  11. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    RBWR-Th and RBWR-TR performance against that of the Hitachi RBWR core designs and sodium cooled fast reactor counterparts - the ARR and ABR; and, Perform a viability...

  12. Mechanical properties of dissimilar...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... electron microscope (FE-SEM) (Hitachi S4800) were used to characterize microstructures. ... SEM images of the cross section view of the FBJ specimen are given in Figure 10. Figure 10 ...

  13. DOE Awards $18.3 Million to Nuclear Industry Consortia for GNEP...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5.7 million to the International Nuclear Recycling Alliance, led by AREVA and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries; 5.5 million to General Electric-Hitachi; and 1.3 million to...

  14. Cleanroom Equipment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Conventional Machining Engis Lapping and Polishing Machine MET One particle Counter Sand Blaster Cabinet Flycutting Machine Lithography Equipment Mann 600 Pattern Generator Oriel UV Exposure Station with Aligner Quintel UL7000-OBS Aligner and DUV Exposure Station Metrology Equipment AFT 210XP Nanospec Digital Instrument 3100 SPM Hitachi S-4500II Field Emission SEM Hitachi U-2001 NIR-UV-VUS Spectrophotometer Nikon MM-22U Measuroscope Nikon OPTIPHOT-88 Optical Microscope OXFORD Plasmalab System

  15. Chiller-heater unit nets building 2-yr payback

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duffy, J.

    1983-05-09

    A 500-ton double-absorption Hitachi Paraflow chiller-heater that switches from purchased steam to natural gas will reduce a Manhattan office building's energy costs by 55% and achieve a two-year payback. The new system replaces a steam-powered, single-stage absorption chiller. By reusing heat in a second-stage generator, the Hitachi unit uses only half as many Btus per ton as a conventional chiller. (DCK)

  16. Development of an Integrated Biofuel and Chemical Refinery Presentatio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Development of an Integrated Biofuel and Chemical Refinery John D. Trawick Research ... HT Screening In vivo assays Metabolic Engineering Tools HT Cloning Data LIMS Fermentation ...

  17. CX-010775: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Next Generation Electromagnetic Pump: Analysis Tools and Insulation Materials Development - General Electric (GE) Hitachi Nuclear Energy Americas Limited Liability Corporation (LLC) CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 07/24/2013 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Nuclear Energy

  18. QUARTERLY NUCLEAR DEPLOYMENT SCORECARD - JULY 2013 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    QUARTERLY NUCLEAR DEPLOYMENT SCORECARD - JULY 2013 QUARTERLY NUCLEAR DEPLOYMENT SCORECARD - JULY 2013 News Updates Dominion Resources, Inc. has informed the NRC that Dominion Virginia Power will amend its COL application (COLA) to reflect the ESBWR technology by the end of 2013. In 2009 Dominion dropped the ESBWR from its COLA after failing to reach a commercial agreement with General Electric-Hitachi (GEH). A COL is expected no earlier than late 2015. Dominion Virginia Power has not yet

  19. Microsoft Word - VNC Pressrelease final[2].doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Completes First RH-TRU Shipment From VNC CARLSBAD, N.M., September 18, 2009 - The U.S. Department of Energy's Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO), working with GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy at the Vallecitos Nuclear Center (VNC) near Sunol, California, completed the first shipment of remote-handled transuranic (RH- TRU) waste from VNC to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in the southeastern corner of New Mexico. The shipment safely arrived at WIPP early Friday morning. The shipping campaign is

  20. Department of Energy Awards More Than $16 Million for GNEP Technology

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Development Plans | Department of Energy More Than $16 Million for GNEP Technology Development Plans Department of Energy Awards More Than $16 Million for GNEP Technology Development Plans October 1, 2007 - 2:49pm Addthis Areva, EnergySolutions, GE-Hitachi Nuclear Americas, and General Atomics to Develop Conceptual Design WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) completed cooperative agreements on Friday with four industry consortia to receive $16.3 million for technical and

  1. QUARTERLY NUCLEAR POWER DEPLOYMENT SUMMARY OCTOBER 2014

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    4 Updates available at: www.energy.gov/ne NEXT UPDATE - January 2015 Page 1 News Updates  The NRC has approved a final rule on the continued storage of spent fuel and has lifted a two year suspension on final licensing actions on plant licenses and license renewals. The rule incorporates a Generic Environmental Impact Statement that can be referenced by the environmental reviews for site licenses.  The NRC has published the final rule certifying the General Electric-Hitachi Economic

  2. Serial Femtosecond Crystallography of G Protein-Coupled Receptors

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Liu, Liu

    2013-10-23

    Serial femtosecond crystallography data on microcrystals of 5-HT2B receptor bound to ergotamine grown in lipidic cubic phase.

  3. DIBS

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002429WKSTN00 Data-Intensive Benchmarking Suite https://computation.llnl.gov/case/dcca-pub/dcca/downloads.ht

  4. SGMT V. 1.0

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002485MLTPL00 Sandia Generated Matrix Tool (SGMT) v. 1.0 http://cognitivescience.sandia.gov/Software/matrixtool.ht

  5. BioPower Application (United States) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentbiopower-application-united-states,ht Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration &...

  6. Self-Sustaining Thorium Boiling Water Reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenspan, Ehud; Gorman, Phillip M.; Bogetic, Sandra; Seifried, Jeffrey E.; Zhang, Guanheng; Varela, Christopher R.; Fratoni, Massimiliano; Vijic, Jasmina J.; Downar, Thomas; Hall, Andrew; Ward, Andrew; Jarrett, Michael; Wysocki, Aaron; Xu, Yunlin; Kazimi, Mujid; Shirvan, Koroush; Mieloszyk, Alexander; Todosow, Michael; Brown, Nicolas; Cheng, Lap

    2015-03-15

    The primary objectives of this project are to: Perform a pre-conceptual design of a core for an alternative to the Hitachi proposed fuel-self- sustaining RBWR-AC, to be referred to as a RBWR-Th. The use of thorium fuel is expected to assure negative void coefficient of reactivity (versus positive of the RBWR-AC) and improve reactor safety; Perform a pre-conceptual design of an alternative core to the Hitachi proposed LWR TRU transmuting RBWR-TB2, to be referred to as the RBWR-TR. In addition to improved safety, use of thorium for the fertile fuel is expected to improve the TRU transmutation effectiveness; Compare the RBWR-Th and RBWR-TR performance against that of the Hitachi RBWR core designs and sodium cooled fast reactor counterparts - the ARR and ABR; and, Perform a viability assessment of the thorium-based RBWR design concepts to be identified along with their associated fuel cycle, a technology gap analysis, and a technology development roadmap. A description of the work performed and of the results obtained is provided in this Overview Report and, in more detail, in the Attachments. The major findings of the study are summarized.

  7. Technological problems associated with subsea development of high pressure and high temperature hydrocarbon reservoirs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grillo, P.; Natarajan, S.

    1996-12-31

    The paper analyzes the implications in design of subsea completion for exploitation of HP/HT hydrocarbon reservoirs. The paper characterizes limitations associated with current subsea technology for HP/HT applications and outlines the engineering and technological development considered necessary to demonstrate the viability of subsea production technology for the exploitation of HP/HT reservoirs.

  8. Quarterly Nuclear Deployment Scorecard - October 2013 | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy 3 Quarterly Nuclear Deployment Scorecard - October 2013 News Updates Dominion has filed an updated integrated resource plan with Virginia and North Carolina State regulators; the plan sets an "earliest possible" in-service date of October 2024 for North Anna 3. Earlier this year, the company announced its intention to return to the General Electric-Hitachi (GEH) ESBWR reactor design with an amended Combined Operating License (COL) to be filed by the end of 2013. Entergy

  9. Karren L. More, Ph.D. Leader, Microscopy Group Oak Ridge National Laboratory 1 Bethel Valley Rd. Building 4515, MS 6064 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6064 (865) 574-7788 morekl1@ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hitachi HF-3300 TEM-STEM Current Research Activities: * Catalyst nanoparticle imaging and analysis * Carbon nanotube/nanohorn characterization * Li-ion battery research and in-situ testing * Fuel cell materials research * Thermoelectric materials research Techniques/Capabilities: * 100kV and 300kV operation * Cold FEG * Bruker SDD-EDS and Spectrum Imaging * Gatan Quantum 953 EELS/GIF * Dual Bi-prism Assembly for Electron Holography * SEM, BF-STEM, and HAADF-STEM Detectors * High-Resolution TEM

  10. QUARTERLY NUCLEAR POWER DEPLOYMENT SUMMARY JANUARY 2015

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    5 Updates available at: www.energy.gov/ne NEXT UPDATE - April 2015 Page 1 News Updates  The NRC has scheduled a public Commissioner's hearing for February 4 on DTE Electric's application for a combined license to build and operate a General Electric Hitachi Economic Simplified Boiling Water Reactor (ESBWR) at the Enrico Fermi Generating Station near Newport, Michigan. This is the third time an applicant has reached the "final step" in the part 52 reactor licensing process.  The

  11. QUARTERLY NUCLEAR POWER DEPLOYMENT SUMMARY JULY 2013 News Updates

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    3 News Updates  Dominion Resources, Inc. has informed the NRC that Dominion Virginia Power will amend its COL application to reflect the ESBWR technology by the end of 2013. In 2009 Dominion dropped the ESBWR from its COLA after failing to reach a commercial agreement with General Electric-Hitachi (GEH). A COL is expected no earlier than late 2015. Dominion Virginia Power has not yet committed to building a new nuclear unit at North Anna.  NRC has determined that the latest revision to the

  12. QUARTERLY NUCLEAR POWER DEPLOYMENT SUMMARY OCTOBER 2013 News Updates

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    3 News Updates  Dominion has filed an updated integrated resource plan with Virginia and North Carolina State regulators; the plan sets an "earliest possible" in- service date of October 2024 for North Anna 3. Earlier this year, the company announced its intention to return to the General Electric-Hitachi (GEH) ESBWR reactor design with an amended Combined Operating License (COL) to be filed by the end of 2013.  Entergy announced that it will close its single unit Vermont Yankee

  13. Fukushima Light Water Detritiation System Presentation

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Doc No: 8000-0685 1 Light Isotope Technology Centre of Excellence Fukushima Light Water Detritiation System Water Distillation Option A. Busigin, Ph.D., P.Eng. and P. Mason, P.Eng. Presented at the 34 th Tritium Focus Group Meeting on September 23-25, 2014, Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, Idaho Proprietary Information. All Rights Reserved. Not to be used or reproduced without prior written consent from GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy Canada Inc. Doc No: 8000-0685 2 Light Isotope Technology

  14. City of Stuart, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Stuart, Nebraska (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Stuart Municipal Power Place: Nebraska Phone Number: 402-924-3647 Website: www.stuartne.combusinesses.ht...

  15. Sky Vegetables | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Vegetables Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sky Vegetables Address: 45 Rosemary Street, Suite F Place: Needham, MA Zip: 02494 Sector: Solar Website: www.skyvegetables.comindex.ht...

  16. Carbon Markets Global Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Markets Global Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Markets Global Ltd Place: London, United Kingdom Zip: NW4 2HT Product: Assist project originators develop and finance...

  17. UMass-EFRC-Highlight-2011-09.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    that absorb energy at longer wavelengths than the present typical standard for organic polymer solar cells ("P3HT", structure not shown). This will allow capture of a...

  18. Photoelectrical, optical, and transport properties of poly (3-hexylthiophene)-zinc sulfide hybrid nanocomposites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, Beerandra; Kaur, Amarjeet

    2014-08-14

    We have synthesized nanocomposites of poly (3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) at 273?K and zinc sulfide (ZnS) nanoparticles at 353?K by the chemical route method. The synthesis of these nanocomposites is confirmed by UV-visible, high resolution transmission electron microscope, and Raman spectroscopy. We have measured photocurrent of P3HT using 50?W tungsten lamp. The photoconductivity increases with concentration of ZnS in P3HT-ZnS composite. Temperature dependent dc conductivity of P3HT and its nanocomposites have been thoroughly investigated in light of Mott's variable range hopping.

  19. Northern Ireland Electricity | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ireland Electricity Jump to: navigation, search Name: Northern Ireland Electricity Place: Belfast, United Kingdom Zip: BT9 5HT Product: NIE is reponsible for the regulated...

  20. 2degrees | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kingdom Zip: OX2 7HT Product: Oxford-based collaborative network provider for sustainability professionals. Coordinates: 43.781517, -89.571699 Show Map Loading map......

  1. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... I. ; Cheng, Michael ; Christ, N. H. ; Ding, H.-T. ; Gupta, Rajan ; Hegde, Prasad ; Jung, Chulwoo ; Karsch, F. ; et al Full Text Available November 2012 , American Physical ...

  2. Hyper-Threading

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in a program execution. In addition, for HT to realize any performance benefit, low communication overhead and high parallel efficiency (smaller sequential portion in the...

  3. City of Mankato, Kansas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mankato, Kansas (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Mankato City of Place: Kansas Phone Number: (785) 378-3141 Website: www.mankatoks.comutilities.ht Facebook:...

  4. 3 Phases Energy Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Phases Energy Services Jump to: navigation, search Name: 3 Phases Energy Services Place: California Phone Number: 310.939.1283 Website: 3phasesrenewables.comindex.ht Outage...

  5. ORNL researchers aim to make big vehicles more efficient

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2010-01-08

    Researchers have partnered with Knoxville Area Transit and HT Hackney trucking to make buses and big rigs more fuel-efficient.

  6. Pennsylvania Electric Co (Pennsylvania) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Pennsylvania Phone Number: 1-888-544-4877 Website: firstenergycorp.compenelec.ht Twitter: @Penelec Facebook: https:www.facebook.comFirstEnergyCareers Outage Hotline:...

  7. EERE PowerPoint 97-2004 Template: Green Version

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of HT electronics Lack of necessary components Few components available Low processing speed Variability in temperature ratings - Appropriate use of bandwidth ...

  8. DI-MMAP V.1.0

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002804WKSTN00 Data-Intensive Memory-Map simulator and runtime https://computation.llnl.gov/casc/dcca-pub/dcca/downloads.ht

  9. Microsoft PowerPoint - Shao_2014_CNMS StaffScienceHighlight_NatureComm...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (P3HT) with an integrated approach that combines the synthesis of deuterated materials, optoelectronic properties measurements, theoretical simulation, and neutron...

  10. JV Task 126 - Mercury Control Technologies for Electric Utilities Burning Bituminous Coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jason Laumb; John Kay; Michael Jones; Brandon Pavlish; Nicholas Lentz; Donald McCollor; Kevin Galbreath

    2009-03-29

    The EERC developed an applied research consortium project to test cost-effective mercury (Hg) control technologies for utilities burning bituminous coals. The project goal was to test innovative Hg control technologies that have the potential to reduce Hg emissions from bituminous coal-fired power plants by {ge}90% at costs of one-half to three-quarters of current estimates for activated carbon injection (ACI). Hg control technology evaluations were performed using the EERC's combustion test facility (CTF). The CTF was fired on pulverized bituminous coals at 550,000 Btu/hr (580 MJ/hr). The CTF was configured with the following air pollution control devices (APCDs): selective catalytic reduction (SCR) unit, electrostatic precipitator (ESP), and wet flue gas desulfurization system (WFDS). The Hg control technologies investigated as part of this project included ACI (three Norit Americas, Inc., and eleven Envergex sorbents), elemental mercury (Hg{sup 0}) oxidation catalysts (i.e., the noble metals in Hitachi Zosen, Cormetech, and Hitachi SCR catalysts), sorbent enhancement additives (SEAs) (a proprietary EERC additive, trona, and limestone), and blending with a Powder River Basin (PRB) subbituminous coal. These Hg control technologies were evaluated separately, and many were also tested in combination.

  11. The network architecture and site test of DCIS in Lungmen nuclear power station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, C. K.

    2006-07-01

    The Lungmen Nuclear Power Station (LMNPS) is located in North-Eastern Seashore of Taiwan. LMNPP has two units. Each unit generates 1350 Megawatts. It is the first ABWR Plant in Taiwan and is under-construction now. Due to contractual arrangement, there are seven large I and C suppliers/designers, which are GE NUMAC, DRS, Invensys, GEIS, Hitachi, MHI, and Stone and Webster company. The Distributed Control and Information System (DCIS) in Lungmen are fully integrated with the state-of-the-art computer and network technology. General Electric is the leading designer for integration of DCIS. This paper presents Network Architecture and the Site Test of DCIS. The network architectures are follows. GE NUMAC System adopts the point to point architecture, DRS System adopts Ring type architecture with SCRAMNET protocol, Inevnsys system adopts IGiga Byte Backbone mesh network with Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol, GEIS adopts Ethernet network with EGD protocol, Hitachi adopts ring type network with proprietary protocol. MHI adopt Ethernet network with UDP. The data-links are used for connection between different suppliers. The DCIS architecture supports the plant automation, the alarm prioritization and alarm suppression, and uniform MMI screen for entire plant. The Test Program regarding the integration of different network architectures and Initial DCIS architecture Setup for 161KV Energization will be discussed. Test tool for improving site test schedule, and lessons learned from FAT will be discussed too. And conclusions are at the end of this paper. (authors)

  12. Comparison of Elekta VMAT with helical tomotherapy and fixed field IMRT: Plan quality, delivery efficiency and accuracy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rao Min; Yang Wensha; Chen Fan; Sheng Ke; Ye Jinsong; Mehta, Vivek; Shepard, David; Cao Daliang

    2010-03-15

    Purpose: Helical tomotherapy (HT) and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) are arc-based approaches to IMRT delivery. The objective of this study is to compare VMAT to both HT and fixed field IMRT in terms of plan quality, delivery efficiency, and accuracy. Methods: Eighteen cases including six prostate, six head-and-neck, and six lung cases were selected for this study. IMRT plans were developed using direct machine parameter optimization in the Pinnacle{sup 3} treatment planning system. HT plans were developed using a Hi-Art II planning station. VMAT plans were generated using both the Pinnacle{sup 3} SmartArc IMRT module and a home-grown arc sequencing algorithm. VMAT and HT plans were delivered using Elekta's PreciseBeam VMAT linac control system (Elekta AB, Stockholm, Sweden) and a TomoTherapy Hi-Art II system (TomoTherapy Inc., Madison, WI), respectively. Treatment plan quality assurance (QA) for VMAT was performed using the IBA MatriXX system while an ion chamber and films were used for HT plan QA. Results: The results demonstrate that both VMAT and HT are capable of providing more uniform target doses and improved normal tissue sparing as compared with fixed field IMRT. In terms of delivery efficiency, VMAT plan deliveries on average took 2.2 min for prostate and lung cases and 4.6 min for head-and-neck cases. These values increased to 4.7 and 7.0 min for HT plans. Conclusions: Both VMAT and HT plans can be delivered accurately based on their own QA standards. Overall, VMAT was able to provide approximately a 40% reduction in treatment time while maintaining comparable plan quality to that of HT.

  13. Enhanced performance of polymer:fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells upon graphene addition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robaeys, Pieter Dierckx, Wouter; Dexters, Wim; Spoltore, Donato; Drijkoningen, Jeroen; Bonaccorso, Francesco; Bourgeois, Emilie; D'Haen, Jan; Haenen, Ken; Manca, Jean V.; Nesladek, Milos; Liesenborgs, Jori; Van Reeth, Frank; Lombardo, Antonio; Ferrari, Andrea C.

    2014-08-25

    Graphene has potential for applications in solar cells. We show that the short circuit current density of P3HT (Poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl):PCBM((6,6)-Phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester) solar cells is enhanced by 10% upon the addition of graphene, with a 15% increase in the photon to electric conversion efficiency. We discuss the performance enhancement by studying the crystallization of P3HT, as well as the electrical transport properties. We show that graphene improves the balance between electron and hole mobilities with respect to a standard P3HT:PCBM solar cell.

  14. Energy level alignment in polymer organic solar cells at donor-acceptor planar junction formed by electrospray vacuum deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Ji-Hoon; Hong, Jong-Am; Kwon, Dae-Gyeon; Seo, Jaewon; Park, Yongsup

    2014-04-21

    Using ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS), we have measured the energy level offset at the planar interface between poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and C{sub 61}-butyric acid methylester (PCBM). Gradual deposition of PCBM onto spin-coated P3HT in high vacuum was made possible by using electrospray vacuum deposition (EVD). The UPS measurement of EVD-prepared planar interface resulted in the energy level offset of 0.91?eV between P3HT HOMO and PCBM LUMO, which is considered as the upper limit of V{sub oc} of the organic photovoltaic cells.

  15. Outage management and health physics issue, 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agnihotri, Newal

    2009-05-15

    The focus of the May-June issue is on outage management and health physics. Major articles include the following: Planning and scheduling to minimize refueling outage, by Pat McKenna, AmerenUE; Prioritizing safety, quality and schedule, by Tom Sharkey, Dominion; Benchmarking to high standards, by Margie Jepson, Energy Nuclear; Benchmarking against U.S. standards, by Magnox North, United Kingdom; Enabling suppliers for new build activity, by Marcus Harrington, GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy; Identifying, cultivating and qualifying suppliers, by Thomas E. Silva, AREVA NP; Creating new U.S. jobs, by Francois Martineau, Areva NP. Industry innovation articles include: MSL Acoustic source load reduction, by Amir Shahkarami, Exelon Nuclear; Dual Methodology NDE of CRDM nozzles, by Michael Stark, Dominion Nuclear; and Electronic circuit board testing, by James Amundsen, FirstEnergy Nuclear Operating Company. The plant profile article is titled The future is now, by Julia Milstead, Progress Energy Service Company, LLC.

  16. Scientific Applications Research Associates Inc SARA | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    90630 Region: United States Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: 714-224-4410 x 274 Website: www.sara.comraeoceanwave.ht This company is listed in the Marine and...

  17. Property:Zip | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    + 21-Century Silicon, Inc. + 75081-1881 + 21st century Green Solutions LLC + 48439 + 25 x 25 America s Energy Future + 21093 + 2OC + BA1 7AB + 2degrees + OX2 7HT + 2e Carbon...

  18. Center for Energy Nanoscience at USC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    L. Improving open circuit potential in hybrid P3HT:CdSe bulk heterojunction solar cells via colloidal tert-butylthiol ligand exchange ACS Nano, 6(5), 4222-30 (2012). DOI:...

  19. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... We use Fourier-transform IR (FTIR)-absorption spectroscopy to quantitatively determine the interfacial electric field in blended poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT):phenyl- C61-butyric ...

  20. T.A.; Coomer, C.L.; Campbell, S.L.; Wereszczak, A.A.; Cunningham...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    S.L.; Wereszczak, A.A.; Cunningham, J.P.; Marlino, L.D.; Seiber, L.E.; Lin, H.T. 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; ECONOMICS; EVALUATION; FEEDBACK;...

  1. CH-TRUCON Rev. 21, January 2008

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... The titanium tritides (TiT 2 , TiHT, and TiDT) are very stable compounds that are stable ... or tritium until the temperature of the metal has been raised to over 400EC. Therefore, ...

  2. Sorption of tritium and tritiated water on construction materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dickson, R.S.; Miller, J.M. . Chalk River Nuclear Labs.)

    1992-03-01

    In this paper, sorption and desorption of tritium (HT) and tritiated water (HTO) on materials to be used in the construction of fusion facilities are studied. In ca. 24-hour exposures in argon or room air, metal samples sorbed 8-200 {mu}Ci/m{sup 2} (1 Ci = 3.7 {times} 10{sup 10} Bq) of tritium form atmospheres of 5-9 Ci/m{sup 3} HT, and non-metallic samples sorbed 60-800 {mu}Ci/m{sup 2} from atmospheres of 14 Ci/m{sup 3} HT. Sorption of HTO varied much more widely than HT sorption for different samples, ranging from 4 {mu}Ci/m{sup 2} for glass to 1,300,000 {mu}Ci/m{sup 3} HTO in room air. Time dependence of desorption in dry air showed a rapid initial process and a slower secondary process.

  3. Microsoft PowerPoint - SRNL-STI-2013-00230 Rev1_Advances in TCAP...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Hydrogen Isotope Separation Using Thermal Cycling Absorption Process (TCAP) X. Steve Xiao Contributions: L.K. Heung, H.T. Sessions, S. Redd H 2 D 2 T 2 H 2 , D 2 , T 2 Hydrogen ...

  4. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ZPKGCPS8 Imputed pkgd unit heat pump for cooling 131- 131 ZVAR. ZSPLCPS8 Imputed split system ht pump for cooling 133- 133 ZVAR. ZRMCPS8 Imputed indiv room heat pump for...

  5. LA-23336-MS

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... and proton irradiation tests: Croloy 2- 14, modified 9Cr-lM0, and 12Cr-1Mo (HT-9) steel. ... design for the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Accelerator Based Conversion of ...

  6. Bath Electric Gas & Water Sys | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electric Gas & Water Sys Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bath Electric Gas & Water Sys Place: New York Phone Number: (607) 776-3072 Website: www.villageofbath.orgBEGWS.ht Outage...

  7. City of Westminster, South Carolina (Utility Company) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    index.ht Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesWestminster-Chamber-of-Commerce225745959444 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA...

  8. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    are suggested based on a literature survey of the materials compatibility and proton irradiation tests Croloy modified Cr Mo and Cr Mo HT steel These materials seem to be used only...

  9. Potential containment materials for liquid-lead and lead-bismuth...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    are suggested based on a literature survey of the materials compatibility and proton irradiation tests: Croloy 2-14, modified 9Cr-1Mo, and 12Cr-1Mo (HT-9) steel. These materials...

  10. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    are suggested based on a literature survey of the materials compatibility and proton irradiation tests: Croloy 2-14, modified 9Cr-1Mo, and 12Cr-1Mo (HT-9) steel. These materials...

  11. Slide 1

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    an Integrated Power Controller Based on HT SOI and SiC Peer Review 2009 Sandia National Laboratories is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin company, for the Untied State Department of Energy under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Joseph A. Henfling, Stan Atcitty, Frank Maldonado, Sandia National Laboratories Randy Normann, PermaWorks Nicholas Summers, Trevor Thornton, ASU SAND Number: 2009-5722C Overview * Program Goals for HT Power Controller - Ultimately a

  12. 2010 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy 0 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report 2010 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report DOE Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review PDF icon 2010_gtp_peer_review_report_final.pdf More Documents & Publications Detecting Fractures Using Technology at High Temperatures and Depths - Geothermal Ultrasonic Fracture Imager (GUFI); 2010 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report Fielding of HT-seismic Tools and Evaluation of HT-FPGA Module - Development of a

  13. Bystander effects of ionizing radiation can be modulated by signaling amines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poon, R.C.C.; Agnihotri, N.; Seymour, C.; Mothersill, C.

    2007-10-15

    Actual risk and risk management of exposure to ionizing radiation are among the most controversial areas in environmental health protection. Recent developments in radiobiology especially characterization of bystander effects have called into question established dogmas and are thought to cast doubt on the scientific basis of the risk assessment framework, leading to uncertainty for regulators and concern among affected populations. In this paper we test the hypothesis that small signaling molecules widely used throughout the animal kingdom for signaling stress or environmental change, such as 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin), L-DOPA, glycine or nicotine are involved in bystander signaling processes following ionizing radiation exposure. We report data which suggest that nano to micromolar concentrations of these agents can modulate bystander-induced cell death. Depletion of 5-HT present in tissue culture medium, occurred following irradiation of cells. This suggested that 5-HT might be bound by membrane receptors after irradiation. Expression of 5-HT type 3 receptors which are Ca{sup 2+} ion channels was confirmed in the cells using immunocytochemistry and receptor expression could be increased using radiation or 5-HT exposure. Zofran and Kitryl, inhibitors of 5-HT type 3 receptors, and reserpine a generic serotonin antagonist block the bystander effect induced by radiation or by serotonin. The results may be important for the mechanistic understanding of how low doses of radiation interact with cells to produce biological effects.

  14. Influence of Hold Time on Creep-Fatigue Behavior of an Advanced Austenitic Alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark Carroll; Laura Carroll

    2011-09-01

    An advanced austenitic alloy, HT-UPS (high temperature-ultrafine precipitate strengthened), is a candidate material for the structural components of fast reactors and energy-conversion systems. HT-UPS provides improved creep resistance through a composition based on 316 stainless steel (SS) with additions of Ti and Nb to form nano-scale MC precipitates in the austenitic matrix. The low cycle fatigue and creep-fatigue behavior of a HT-UPS alloy has been investigated at 650 C, 1.0% total strain, and an R ratio of -1 with hold times as long as 9000 sec at peak tensile strain. The cyclic deformation response of HT-UPS is compared to that of 316 SS. The cycles to failure are similar, despite differences in peak stress profiles and the deformed microstructures. Cracking in both alloys is transgranular (initiation and propagation) in the case of continuous cycle fatigue, while the primary cracks also propagate transgranularly during creep-fatigue cycling. Internal grain boundary damage as a result of the tensile hold is present in the form of fine cracks for hold times of 3600 sec and longer and substantially more internal cracks are visible in 316 SS than HT-UPS. The dislocation substructures observed in the deformed material are different. An equiaxed cellular structure is observed in 316 SS, whereas tangles of dislocations are present at the nanoscale MC precipitates in HT-UPS and no cellular substructure is observed.

  15. Enhanced regeneration of degraded polymer solar cells by thermal annealing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Pankaj; Bilen, Chhinder; Zhou, Xiaojing; Belcher, Warwick J.; Dastoor, Paul C.; Feron, Krishna

    2014-05-12

    The degradation and thermal regeneration of poly(3-hexylethiophene) (P3HT):[6,6]-phenyl-C{sub 61}-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) and P3HT:indene-C{sub 60} bisadduct (ICBA) polymer solar cells, with Ca/Al and Ca/Ag cathodes and indium tin oxide/poly(ethylene-dioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate anode have been investigated. Degradation occurs via a combination of three primary pathways: (1) cathodic oxidation, (2) active layer phase segregation, and (3) anodic diffusion. Fully degraded devices were subjected to thermal annealing under inert atmosphere. Degraded solar cells possessing Ca/Ag electrodes were observed to regenerate their performance, whereas solar cells having Ca/Al electrodes exhibited no significant regeneration of device characteristics after thermal annealing. Moreover, the solar cells with a P3HT:ICBA active layer exhibited enhanced regeneration compared to P3HT:PCBM active layer devices as a result of reduced changes to the active layer morphology. Devices combining a Ca/Ag cathode and P3HT:ICBA active layer demonstrated ∼50% performance restoration over several degradation/regeneration cycles.

  16. Expansion of Michigan EOR Operations Using Advanced Amine Technology at a 600 MW Project Wolverine Carbon Capture and Storage Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    H Hoffman; Y kishinevsky; S. Wu; R. Pardini; E. Tripp; D. Barnes

    2010-06-16

    Wolverine Power Supply Cooperative Inc, a member owned cooperative utility based in Cadillac Michigan, proposes to demonstrate the capture, beneficial utilization and storage of CO{sub 2} in the expansion of existing Enhanced Oil Recovery operations. This project is being proposed in response to the US Department of Energy Solicitation DE-FOA-0000015 Section III D, 'Large Scale Industrial CCS projects from Industrial Sources' Technology Area 1. The project will remove 1,000 metric tons per day of CO{sub 2} from the Wolverine Clean Energy Venture 600 MW CFB power plant owned and operated by WPC. CO{sub 2} from the flue gas will be captured using Hitachi's CO{sub 2} capture system and advanced amine technology. The capture system with the advanced amine-based solvent supplied by Hitachi is expected to significantly reduce the cost and energy requirements of CO{sub 2} capture compared to current technologies. The captured CO{sub 2} will be compressed and transported for Enhanced Oil Recovery and CO{sub 2} storage purposes. Enhanced Oil Recovery is a proven concept, widely used to recover otherwise inaccessible petroleum reserves. While post-combustion CO{sub 2} capture technologies have been tested at the pilot scale on coal power plant flue gas, they have not yet been demonstrated at a commercial scale and integrated with EOR and storage operations. Amine-based CO{sub 2} capture is the leading technology expected to be available commercially within this decade to enable CCS for utility and industrial facilities firing coal and waste fuels such as petroleum coke. However, traditional CO{sub 2} capture process utilizing commercial amine solvents is very energy intensive for regeneration and is also susceptible to solvent degradation by oxygen as well as SOx and NO{sub 2} in the flue gas, resulting in large operating costs. The large volume of combustion flue gas with its low CO{sub 2} concentration requires large equipment sizes, which together with the highly corrosive nature of the typical amine-based separation process leads to high plant capital investment. According to recent DOE-NETL studies, MEA-based CCS will increase the cost of electricity of a new pulverized coal plant by 80-85% and reduce the net plant efficiency by about 30%. Non-power industrial facilities will incur similar production output and efficiency penalties when implementing conventional carbon capture systems. The proposed large scale demonstration project combining advanced amine CO{sub 2} capture integrated with commercial EOR operations significantly advances post-combustion technology development toward the DOE objectives of reducing the cost of energy production and improving the efficiency of CO{sub 2} Capture technologies. WPC has assembled a strong multidisciplinary team to meet the objectives of this project. WPC will provide the host site and Hitachi will provide the carbon capture technology and advanced solvent. Burns and Roe bring expertise in overall engineering integration and plant design to the team. Core Energy, an active EOR producer/operator in the State of Michigan, is committed to support the detailed design, construction and operation of the CO{sub 2} pipeline and storage component of the project. This team has developed a Front End Engineering Design and Cost Estimate as part of Phase 1 of DOE Award DE-FE0002477.

  17. Cross-Linked Conjugated Polymer Fibrils: Robust Nanowires from Functional Polythiophene Diblock Copolymers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammer, Brenton A. G.; Bokel, Felicia A.; Hayward, Ryan C.; Emrick, Todd

    2011-09-27

    A series of poly(3-hexyl thiophene) (P3HT)-based diblock copolymers were prepared and examined in solution for their assembly into fibrils, and post-assembly cross-linking into robust nanowire structures. P3HT-b-poly(3-methanol thiophene) (P3MT), and P3HT-b-poly(3-aminopropyloxymethyl thiophene) (P3AmT) diblock copolymers were synthesized using Grignard metathesis (GRIM) polymerization. Fibrils formed from solution assembly of these copolymers are thus decorated with hydroxyl and amine functionality, and cross-linking is achieved by reaction of diisocyanates with the hydroxyl and amine groups. A variety of cross-linked structures, characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), were produced by this method, including dense fibrillar sheets, fibril bundles, or predominately individual fibrils, depending on the chosen reaction conditions. In solution, the cross-linked fibrils maintained their characteristic vibronic structure in solvents that would normally disrupt (dissolve) the structures.

  18. Performance limit analysis of a metallic fuel for Kalimer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Byoung Oon; Cheon, J.S.; Lee, C.B.

    2007-07-01

    A metallic fuel is being considered as the fuel for SFR in Korea. The metal fuel development for SFR in Korea started in 2007 in the areas of metal fuel fabrication, cladding materials and fuel performance evaluation. The MACSIS code for a metallic fuel has been developed as a steady-state performance computer code. Present study represents the preliminary parametric results for evaluating the design limits of the metal fuel for SFR in Korea. The operating limits were analyzed by the MACSIS code. The modules of the creep rupture strength for the Mod.HT9 and the barrier cladding were inserted. The strain limits and the CDF limit were analyzed for the HT9, and the Mod.HT9. To apply the concept of a barrier cladding, the burnup limit of the barrier cladding was analyzed. (authors)

  19. Block copolymer with simultaneous electric and ionic conduction for use in lithium ion batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ;

    2013-10-08

    Redox reactions that occur at the electrodes of batteries require transport of both ions and electrons to the active centers. Reported is the synthesis of a block copolymer that exhibits simultaneous electronic and ionic conduction. A combination of Grignard metathesis polymerization and click reaction was used successively to synthesize the block copolymer containing regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) segments. The P3HT-PEO/LiTFSI mixture was then used to make a lithium battery cathode with LiFePO.sub.4 as the only other component. All-solid lithium batteries of the cathode described above, a solid electrolyte and a lithium foil as the anode showed capacities within experimental error of the theoretical capacity of the battery. The ability of P3HT-PEO to serve all of the transport and binding functions required in a lithium battery electrode is thus demonstrated.

  20. Search for strong gravity in multijet final states produced in pp collisions at √s = 13 TeV using the ATLAS detector at the LHC

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Aad, G.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Abdinov, O.; Abeloos, B.; Aben, R.; Abolins, M.; AbouZeid, O. S.; Abramowicz, H.; Abreu, H.; et al

    2016-03-07

    A search is conducted for new physics in multijet final states using 3.6 inverse femtobarns of data from proton-proton collisions at √s = 13 TeV taken at the CERN Large Hadron Collider with the ATLAS detector. Events are selected containing at least three jets with scalar sum of jet transverse momenta (HT) greater than 1 TeV. No excess is seen at large HT and limits are presented on new physics: models which produce final states containing at least three jets and having cross sections larger than 1.6 fb with HT > 5.8 TeV are excluded. As a result, limits aremore » also given in terms of new physics models of strong gravity that hypothesize additional space-time dimensions.« less

  1. ALUMINUM READINESS EVALUATION FOR ALUMINUM REMOVAL AND SODIUM HYDROXIDE REGENRATION FROM HANFORD TANK WASTE BY LITHIUM HYDROTALCITE PRECIPITATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SAMS TL; MASSIE HL

    2011-01-27

    A Technology Readiness Evaluation (TRE) performed by AREV A Federal Services, LLC (AFS) for Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) shows the lithium hydrotalcite (LiHT) process invented and patented (pending) by AFS has reached an overall Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of 3. The LiHT process removes aluminum and regenerates sodium hydroxide. The evaluation used test results obtained with a 2-L laboratory-scale system to validate the process and its critical technology elements (CTEs) on Hanford tank waste simulants. The testing included detailed definition and evaluation for parameters of interest and validation by comparison to analytical predictions and data quality objectives for critical subsystems. The results of the TRE would support the development of strategies to further mature the design and implementation of the LiHT process as a supplemental pretreatment option for Hanford tank waste.

  2. Preclinical evaluation of destruxin B as a novel Wnt signaling target suppressing proliferation and metastasis of colorectal cancer using non-invasive bioluminescence imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yeh, Chi-Tai; Center of Excellence for Cancer Research, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Surgery, Taipei Medical University-Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan ; Rao, Yerra Koteswara; Ye, Min; Wu, Wen-Shi; Chang, Tung-Chen; Wang, Liang-Shun; Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan ; Wu, Chih-Hsiung; Department of Surgery, Taipei Medical University-Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan ; Wu, Alexander T.H.; Tzeng, Yew-Min

    2012-05-15

    In continuation to our studies toward the identification of direct anti-cancer targets, here we showed that destruxin B (DB) from Metarhizium anisopliae suppressed the proliferation and induced cell cycle arrest in human colorectal cancer (CRC) HT29, SW480 and HCT116 cells. Additionally, DB induced apoptosis in HT29 cells by decreased expression level of anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL while increased pro-apoptotic Bax. On the other hand, DB attenuated Wnt-signaling by downregulation of ?-catenin, Tcf4 and ?-catenin/Tcf4 transcriptional activity, concomitantly with decreased expression of ?-catenin target genes cyclin D1, c-myc and survivin. Furthermore, DB affected the migratory and invasive ability of HT29 cells through suppressed MMPs-2 and -9 enzymatic activities. We also found that DB targeted the MAPK and/or PI3K/Akt pathway by reduced expression of Akt, IKK-?, JNK, NF-?B, c-Jun and c-Fos while increased that of I?B?. Finally, we demonstrated that DB inhibited tumorigenesis in HT29 xenograft mice using non-invasive bioluminescence technique. Consistently, tumor samples from DB-treated mice demonstrated suppressed expression of ?-catenin, cyclin D1, survivin, and endothelial marker CD31 while increased caspase-3 expression. Collectively, our data supports DB as an inhibitor of Wnt/?-catenin/Tcf signaling pathway that may be beneficial in the CRC management. Highlights: ? Destruxin B (DB) inhibited colorectal cancer cells growth and induced apoptosis. ? MAPK and/or PI3K/Akt cascade cooperates in DB induced apoptosis. ? DB affected the migratory and invasive ability of HT29 cells through MMP-9. ? DB attenuated Wnt-signaling components ?-catenin, Tcf4. ? DB attenuated cyclin D1, c-myc, survivin and tumorigenesis in HT29 xenograft mice.

  3. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PS-b-P3HT Copolymers as P3HT/PCBM Interfacial Compatibilizers for High Efficiency Photovoltaics Zhenzhong Sun1, Kai Xiao2, Jong Kahk Keum3, Xiang Yu2, Kunlun Hong1, Jim Browning3, Ilia Ivanov1, Jihua Chen2, Jose Alonzo3, Dawen Li1, Bobby Sumpter2, Andrew Payzant2, Christopher Rouleau2, and David Geohegan2 1-Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 2-Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 3-Neutron

  4. A Dosimetric Comparison of Tomotherapy and Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy in the Treatment of High-Risk Prostate Cancer With Pelvic Nodal Radiation Therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasquier, David; Universite Lille Nord de France, Lille; Centre Galilee, Clinique de la Louviere, Lille ; Cavillon, Fabrice; Faculte Libre de Medecine, Lille ; Lacornerie, Thomas; Universite Lille Nord de France, Lille ; Touzeau, Claire; Tresch, Emmanuelle; Lartigau, Eric; Universite Lille Nord de France, Lille

    2013-02-01

    Purpose: To compare the dosimetric results of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and helical tomotherapy (HT) in the treatment of high-risk prostate cancer with pelvic nodal radiation therapy. Methods and Materials: Plans were generated for 10 consecutive patients treated for high-risk prostate cancer with prophylactic whole pelvic radiation therapy (WPRT) using VMAT and HT. After WPRT, a sequential boost was delivered to the prostate. Plan quality was assessed according to the criteria of the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements 83 report: the near-minimal (D98%), near-maximal (D2%), and median (D50%) doses; the homogeneity index (HI); and the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC). Beam-on time, integral dose, and several organs at risk (OAR) dosimetric indexes were also compared. Results: For WPRT, HT was able to provide a higher D98% than VMAT (44.3 {+-} 0.3 Gy and 43.9 {+-} 0.5 Gy, respectively; P=.032) and a lower D2% than VMAT (47.3 {+-} 0.3 Gy and 49.1 {+-} 0.7 Gy, respectively; P=.005), leading to a better HI. The DSC was better for WPRT with HT (0.89 {+-} 0.009) than with VMAT (0.80 {+-} 0.02; P=.002). The dosimetric indexes for the prostate boost did not differ significantly. VMAT provided better rectum wall sparing at higher doses (V70, V75, D2%). Conversely, HT provided better bladder wall sparing (V50, V60, V70), except at lower doses (V20). The beam-on times for WPRT and prostate boost were shorter with VMAT than with HT (3.1 {+-} 0.1 vs 7.4 {+-} 0.6 min, respectively; P=.002, and 1.5 {+-} 0.05 vs 3.7 {+-} 0.3 min, respectively; P=.002). The integral dose was slightly lower for VMAT. Conclusion: VMAT and HT provided very similar and highly conformal plans that complied well with OAR dose-volume constraints. Although some dosimetric differences were statistically significant, they remained small. HT provided a more homogeneous dose distribution, whereas VMAT enabled a shorter delivery time.

  5. Microsoft PowerPoint - Poplawsky_2014_CNMSUserProjectHighlight_AEM.pptx [Read-Only]

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    To achieve high-efficiency polycrystalline CdTe-based thin-film solar cells, the CdTe absorbers must go through a post-deposition CdCl 2 heat treatment (HT) followed by a Cu diffusion step. To better understand the roles of each treatment, CdTe solar cells with and without Cu diffusion and CdCl 2 HT are investigated using cross-sectional electron beam induced current, electron backscatter diffraction, and scanning transmission electron microscope techniques. The evolution of the cross-sectional

  6. Development of a High-Temperature Diagnostics-While-Drilling Tool |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Department of Energy Development of a High-Temperature Diagnostics-While-Drilling Tool Development of a High-Temperature Diagnostics-While-Drilling Tool This report documents work performed in the second phase of the Diagnostics-While-Drilling (DWD) project in which a high-temperature (HT) version of the phase 1 low-temperature (LT) proof-of-concept (POC) DWD tool was built and tested. Descriptions of the design, fabrication and field testing of the HT tool are provided. PDF icon

  7. Copper damage modeling with the tensile hopkinson bar and gas gun

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tonks, D. L.; Thissell, W. R.; Trujillo, C. P.; Schwartz, D. S.

    2004-01-01

    Ductile damage nucleation in recovered copper tensile Hopkinson bar specimens has been modeled using the 2D EPIC code. The model has also been successfully applied to spallation gas gun data to greatly expand the pressure range. The split tensile Hopkinson pressure bar permits the creation of damage at fairly high strain rates (10{sup 4}/s) with large plastic strains (100%). Careful momentum trapping allows incipient damage states to be arrested and recovered for metallurgical examination. The use of notched samples allows the pressure - flow stress, or triaxiality, to be varied from 1/3 to about 1.2 to study the interplay of pressure and deviatoric stress. In this paper, we will concentrate on modeling the nucleation of ductile damage in pure copper (Hitachi). With the same material, we also study spallation in a gas gun experiment to obtain the nucleation stress under high pressure and small plastic strain. The goal of the modeling is to obtain a unified nucleation model suitable for both.

  8. Trace Assessment for BWR ATWS Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, L.Y.; Diamond, D.; Arantxa Cuadra, Gilad Raitses, Arnold Aronson

    2010-04-22

    A TRACE/PARCS input model has been developed in order to be able to analyze anticipated transients without scram (ATWS) in a boiling water reactor. The model is based on one developed previously for the Browns Ferry reactor for doing loss-of-coolant accident analysis. This model was updated by adding the control systems needed for ATWS and a core model using PARCS. The control systems were based on models previously developed for the TRAC-B code. The PARCS model is based on information (e.g., exposure and moderator density (void) history distributions) obtained from General Electric Hitachi and cross sections for GE14 fuel obtained from an independent source. The model is able to calculate an ATWS, initiated by the closure of main steam isolation valves, with recirculation pump trip, water level control, injection of borated water from the standby liquid control system and actuation of the automatic depres-surization system. The model is not considered complete and recommendations are made on how it should be improved.

  9. Application of the DG-1199 methodology to the ESBWR and ABWR.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalinich, Donald A.; Gauntt, Randall O.; Walton, Fotini

    2010-09-01

    Appendix A-5 of Draft Regulatory Guide DG-1199 'Alternative Radiological Source Term for Evaluating Design Basis Accidents at Nuclear Power Reactors' provides guidance - applicable to RADTRAD MSIV leakage models - for scaling containment aerosol concentration to the expected steam dome concentration in order to preserve the simplified use of the Accident Source Term (AST) in assessing containment performance under assumed design basis accident (DBA) conditions. In this study Economic and Safe Boiling Water Reactor (ESBWR) and Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) RADTRAD models are developed using the DG-1199, Appendix A-5 guidance. The models were run using RADTRAD v3.03. Low Population Zone (LPZ), control room (CR), and worst-case 2-hr Exclusion Area Boundary (EAB) doses were calculated and compared to the relevant accident dose criteria in 10 CFR 50.67. For the ESBWR, the dose results were all lower than the MSIV leakage doses calculated by General Electric/Hitachi (GEH) in their licensing technical report. There are no comparable ABWR MSIV leakage doses, however, it should be noted that the ABWR doses are lower than the ESBWR doses. In addition, sensitivity cases were evaluated to ascertain the influence/importance of key input parameters/features of the models.

  10. Baseline Fracture Toughness and CGR testing of alloys X-750 and XM-19 (EPRI Phase I)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. H. Jackson; S. P. Teysseyre

    2012-02-01

    The Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility (ATR NSUF) and Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) formed an agreement to test representative alloys used as reactor structural materials as a pilot program toward establishing guidelines for future ATR NSUF research programs. This report contains results from the portion of this program established as Phase I (of three phases) that entails baseline fracture toughness, stress corrosion cracking (SCC), and tensile testing of selected materials for comparison to similar tests conducted at GE Global Research. The intent of this Phase I research program is to determine baseline properties for the materials of interest prior to irradiation, and to ensure comparability between laboratories using similar testing techniques, prior to applying these techniques to the same materials after having been irradiated at the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). The materials chosen for this research are the nickel based super alloy X-750, and nitrogen strengthened austenitic stainless steel XM-19. A spare core shroud upper support bracket of alloy X-750 was purchased by EPRI from Southern Co. and a section of XM-19 plate was purchased by EPRI from GE-Hitachi. These materials were sectioned at GE Global Research and provided to INL.

  11. Baseline Fracture Toughness and CGR testing of alloys X-750 and XM-19 (EPRI Phase I)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. H. Jackson; S. P. Teysseyre

    2012-10-01

    The Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility (ATR NSUF) and Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) formed an agreement to test representative alloys used as reactor structural materials as a pilot program toward establishing guidelines for future ATR NSUF research programs. This report contains results from the portion of this program established as Phase I (of three phases) that entails baseline fracture toughness, stress corrosion cracking (SCC), and tensile testing of selected materials for comparison to similar tests conducted at GE Global Research. The intent of this Phase I research program is to determine baseline properties for the materials of interest prior to irradiation, and to ensure comparability between laboratories using similar testing techniques, prior to applying these techniques to the same materials after having been irradiated at the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). The materials chosen for this research are the nickel based super alloy X-750, and nitrogen strengthened austenitic stainless steel XM-19. A spare core shroud upper support bracket of alloy X-750 was purchased by EPRI from Southern Co. and a section of XM-19 plate was purchased by EPRI from GE-Hitachi. These materials were sectioned at GE Global Research and provided to INL.

  12. Process of preparing tritiated porous silicon

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tam, S.W.

    1997-02-18

    A process of preparing tritiated porous silicon is described in which porous silicon is equilibrated with a gaseous vapor containing HT/T{sub 2} gas in a diluent for a time sufficient for tritium in the gas phase to replace hydrogen present in the pore surfaces of the porous silicon. 1 fig.

  13. Process of preparing tritiated porous silicon

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tam, Shiu-Wing

    1997-01-01

    A process of preparing tritiated porous silicon in which porous silicon is equilibrated with a gaseous vapor containing HT/T.sub.2 gas in a diluent for a time sufficient for tritium in the gas phase to replace hydrogen present in the pore surfaces of the porous silicon.

  14. Azide functionalized poly(3-hexylthiophene) and method of forming same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Qin, Yang; Grubbs, Robert B; Park, Young Suk

    2014-03-25

    The invention relates azide functionalized poly(3-hexylthiophene)s. Various azide functionalized poly(3-hexylthiophene)s and intermediates are disclosed and described, as well as method for making novel monomers that are synthesized and transformed into P3HT-N.sub.mp for use as organic conducting polymers in organic photovoltaic devices.

  15. LA-23336-MS

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... It is not a listed material in the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. HT-9 (Fe- 12Cr- 1Mo-O.2C-0.4Si-0.5Ni-0.5Mn-0.3V-0.5W-0.02P-0.0 1 S) is a brand name of Sandvik of Sweden. ...

  16. Doped Interlayers for Improved Selectivity in Bulk Herterojunction Organic Photovoltaic Devices

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mauger, Scott A.; Glasser, Melodie P.; Tremolet de Villers, Bertrand J.; Duong, Vincent V.; Ayzner, Alexander L.; Olson, Dana C.

    2016-01-21

    Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) is less selective for holes in inverted-architecture organic photovoltaic (OPV) than it is in a conventional-architecture OPV device due differences between the interfacial-PSS concentration at the top and bottom of the PEDOT:PSS layer. In this work, thin layers of polysulfonic acids are inserted between the P3HT:ICBA bulk heterojunction (BHJ) active layer and PEDOT:PSS to create a higher concentration of acid at this interface and, therefore, mimic the distribution of materials present in a conventional device. Upon thermal annealing, this acid layer oxidizes P3HT, creating a thin p-type interlayer of P3HT+/acid- on top of the BHJ. Using x-raymore » absorption spectroscopy, Kelvin probe and ellipsometry measurements, this P3HT+/acid- layer is shown to be insoluble in water, indicating it remains intact during the subsequent deposition of PEDOT:PSS. Current density - voltage measurements show this doped interlayer reduces injected dark current while increasing both open-circuit voltage and fill factor through the creation of a more hole selective BHJ-PEDOT:PSS interface.« less

  17. Executive Summary

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Replace Leaking Catalyst System RTBF-MRR GPP 1,300 2,000 Replace TCAP Recovery Bed C&D RTBF-MRR GPP 300 1,350 Replace HT-TCAP Prod Bed 300, 400, 500 RTBF-MRR GPP 350...

  18. Revised Manuscript

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hass, H.T. King, E. Ventura and D.E. Murnick, Phys. Lett. B59 (1975) 32 1975HE10 K.T. Hecht and D. Braunschweig, Nucl. Phys. A244 (1975) 365 1975HS01 S.T. Hsieh, K.T. Knopfle, G....

  19. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Hydrogen Production and Consumption in the U.S.: The Last 25 Years.","Brown, Daryl R.","2015-09-01T04:00:00Z",1222057,,"PNNL-SA-111476","AC05-76RL01830","Other: HT0500000","Journal...

  20. Replacement of alloy 800H superheated steam line

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barbier, R.A.; Bullock, J.W. [Sterling Chemicals, Texas City, TX (United States)

    1996-07-01

    Sterling Chemicals utilizes alloy 800HT (UNS N08811) piping for superheated steam service in its styrene dehydrogenation unit. An engineering project to replace these lines was recently completed. Material acquisition, shop fabrication, inspection requirements, and field erection will be highlighted in this paper.

  1. Mimicking Conjugated Polymer Thin Film Photophysics with a Well-Defined Triblock Copolymer in Solution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brazard, Johanna; Ono, Robert J.; Bielawski, Christopher W.; Barbara, Paul F.; Vanden Bout, David A.

    2013-04-25

    Conjugated polymers (CPs) are promising materials for use in electronic applications, such as low-cost, easily processed organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices. Improving OPV efficiencies is hindered by a lack of a fundamental understanding of the photophysics in CP-based thin films that is complicated by their heterogeneous nanoscale morphologies. Here, we report on a poly(3-hexylthiophene)-block-poly(tert-butyl acrylate)-block-poly(3-hexylthiophene) rodcoilrod triblock copolymer. In good solvents, this polymer resembles solutions of P3HT; however, upon the addition of a poor solvent, the two P3HT chains within the triblock copolymer collapse, affording a material with electronic spectra identical to those of a thin film of P3HT. Using this new system as a model for thin films of P3HT, we can attribute the low fluorescence quantum yield of films to the presence of a charge-transfer state, providing fundamental insights into the condensed phase photophysics that will help to guide the development of the next generation of materials for OPVs.

  2. Well Monitoring Systems for EGS | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Well Monitoring Systems for EGS presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado. PDF icon ht_tools_peer2013.pdf More Documents & Publications Well Monitoring System for EGS track 3: enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) | geothermal 2015 peer review 300ºC DDS + 300ºC MWD

  3. Hematologic Toxicity in RTOG 0418: A Phase 2 Study of Postoperative IMRT for Gynecologic Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klopp, Ann H.; Moughan, Jennifer; Portelance, Lorraine; Miller, Brigitte E.; Salehpour, Mohammad R.; Hildebrandt, Evangeline; Nuanjing, Jenny; D'Souza, David; Souhami, Luis; Small, William; Gaur, Rakesh; Jhingran, Anuja

    2013-05-01

    Purpose: Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), compared with conventional 4-field treatment, can reduce the volume of bone marrow irradiated. Pelvic bone marrow sparing has produced a clinically significant reduction in hematologic toxicity (HT). This analysis investigated HT in Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 0418, a prospective study to test the feasibility of delivering postoperative IMRT for cervical and endometrial cancer in a multiinstitutional setting. Methods and Materials: Patients in the RTOG 0418 study were treated with postoperative IMRT to 50.4 Gy to the pelvic lymphatics and vagina. Endometrial cancer patients received IMRT alone, whereas patients with cervical cancer received IMRT and weekly cisplatin (40 mg/m{sup 2}). Pelvic bone marrow was defined within the treatment field by using a computed tomography density-based autocontouring algorithm. The volume of bone marrow receiving 10, 20, 30, and 40 Gy and the median dose to bone marrow were correlated with HT, graded by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 3.0, criteria. Results: Eighty-three patients were eligible for analysis (43 with endometrial cancer and 40 with cervical cancer). Patients with cervical cancer treated with weekly cisplatin and pelvic IMRT had grades 1-5 HT (23%, 33%, 25%, 0%, and 0% of patients, respectively). Among patients with cervical cancer, 83% received 5 or more cycles of cisplatin, and 90% received at least 4 cycles of cisplatin. The median percentage volume of bone marrow receiving 10, 20, 30, and 40 Gy in all 83 patients, respectively, was 96%, 84%, 61%, and 37%. Among cervical cancer patients with a V40 >37%, 75% had grade 2 or higher HT compared with 40% of patients with a V40 less than or equal to 37% (P =.025). Cervical cancer patients with a median bone marrow dose of >34.2 Gy also had higher rates of grade ?2 HT than did those with a dose of ?34.2 Gy (74% vs 43%, P=.049). Conclusions: Pelvic IMRT with weekly cisplatin is associated with low rates of HT and high rates of weekly cisplatin use. The volume of bone marrow receiving 40 Gy and the median dose to bone marrow correlated with higher rates of grade ?2 toxicity among patients receiving weekly cisplatin (cervical cancer patients). Evaluation and limitation of the volume of bone marrow treated with pelvic IMRT is warranted in patients receiving concurrent chemotherapy.

  4. Skin-sparing Helical Tomotherapy vs 3D-conformal Radiotherapy for Adjuvant Breast Radiotherapy: In Vivo Skin Dosimetry Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Capelle, Lisa; Warkentin, Heather; MacKenzie, Marc; Joseph, Kurian; Gabos, Zsolt; Pervez, Nadeem; Tankel, Keith; Chafe, Susan; Amanie, John; Ghosh, Sunita; Parliament, Matthew; Abdulkarim, Bassam

    2012-08-01

    Purpose: We investigated whether treatment-planning system (TPS)-calculated dose accurately reflects skin dose received for patients receiving adjuvant breast radiotherapy (RT) with standard three-dimensional conformal RT (3D-CRT) or skin-sparing helical tomotherapy (HT). Methods and Materials: Fifty patients enrolled in a randomized controlled trial investigating acute skin toxicity from adjuvant breast RT with 3D-CRT compared to skin-sparing HT, where a 5-mm strip of ipsilateral breast skin was spared. Thermoluminescent dosimetry or optically stimulated luminescence measurements were made in multiple locations and were compared to TPS-calculated doses. Skin dosimetric parameters and acute skin toxicity were recorded in these patients. Results: With HT there was a significant correlation between calculated and measured dose in the medial and lateral ipsilateral breast (r = 0.67, P<.001; r = 0.44, P=.03, respectively) and the medial and central contralateral breast (r = 0.73, P<.001; r = 0.88, P<.001, respectively). With 3D-CRT there was a significant correlation in the medial and lateral ipsilateral breast (r = 0.45, P=.03; r = 0.68, P<.001, respectively); the medial and central contralateral breast (r = 0.62, P=.001; r = 0.86, P<.001, respectively); and the mid neck (r = 0.42, P=.04, respectively). On average, HT-calculated dose overestimated the measured dose by 14%; 3D-CRT underestimated the dose by 0.4%. There was a borderline association between highest measured skin dose and moist desquamation (P=.05). Skin-sparing HT had greater skin homogeneity (homogeneity index of 1.39 vs 1.65, respectively; P=.005) than 3D-CRT plans. HT plans had a lower skin{sub V50} (1.4% vs 5.9%, respectively; P=.001) but higher skin{sub V40} and skin{sub V30} (71.7% vs 64.0%, P=.02; and 99.0% vs 93.8%, P=.001, respectively) than 3D-CRT plans. Conclusion: The 3D-CRT TPS more accurately reflected skin dose than the HT TPS, which tended to overestimate dose received by 14% in patients receiving adjuvant breast RT.

  5. Recovery of solid fuel from municipal solid waste by hydrothermal treatment using subcritical water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hwang, In-Hee; Aoyama, Hiroya; Matsuto, Toshihiko; Nakagishi, Tatsuhiro; Matsuo, Takayuki

    2012-03-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Hydrothermal treatment using subcritical water was studied to recover solid fuel from MSW. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer More than 75% of carbon in MSW was recovered as char. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Heating value of char was comparable to that of brown coal and lignite. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Polyvinyl chloride was decomposed at 295 Degree-Sign C and 8 MPa and was removed by washing. - Abstract: Hydrothermal treatments using subcritical water (HTSW) such as that at 234 Degree-Sign C and 3 MPa (LT condition) and 295 Degree-Sign C and 8 MPa (HT condition) were investigated to recover solid fuel from municipal solid waste (MSW). Printing paper, dog food (DF), wooden chopsticks, and mixed plastic film and sheets of polyethylene, polypropylene, and polystyrene were prepared as model MSW components, in which polyvinylchloride (PVC) powder and sodium chloride were used to simulate Cl sources. While more than 75% of carbon in paper, DF, and wood was recovered as char under both LT and HT conditions, plastics did not degrade under either LT or HT conditions. The heating value (HV) of obtained char was 13,886-27,544 kJ/kg and was comparable to that of brown coal and lignite. Higher formation of fixed carbon and greater oxygen dissociation during HTSW were thought to improve the HV of char. Cl atoms added as PVC powder and sodium chloride to raw material remained in char after HTSW. However, most Cl originating from PVC was found to converse into soluble Cl compounds during HTSW under the HT condition and could be removed by washing. From these results, the merit of HTSW as a method of recovering solid fuel from MSW is considered to produce char with minimal carbon loss without a drying process prior to HTSW. In addition, Cl originating from PVC decomposes into soluble Cl compound under the HT condition. The combination of HTSW under the HT condition and char washing might improve the quality of char as alternative fuel.

  6. Quantitative fire risk assessment for a proposed tritium technology facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zeng, Y. )

    1991-01-01

    A new Tritium Technology Facility has been proposed for the Chalk River Laboratories to support fusion research and the commercial use of tritium. One of the major safety and licensing issues for the new facility raised by the internal Safety Review Committee is the potential hazard fire poses to it. Fire could cause a large release from tritium from the facility's metal tritide storage beds, resulting in conversion of elemental tritium (HT) into oxide tritium (HTO). The radiological hazard of HTO is {approximately}10,000 times higher than that of HT. Because of the potential significance of fire in the tritium facility, a quantitative fire risk assessment has been conducted for the proposed new facility. The frequency of a large tritium release due to a fire in the Tritium Technology Facility was assessed as being on the order of 10{sup {minus}5} per year, which satisfies the safety goal requirement of the facility.

  7. Graphene composite for improvement in the conversion efficiency of flexible poly 3-hexyl-thiophene:[6,6]-phenyl C{sub 71} butyric acid methyl ester polymer solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chauhan, A. K., E-mail: akchau@barc.gov.in, E-mail: akc.barc@gmail.com; Gusain, Abhay; Jha, P.; Koiry, S. P.; Saxena, Vibha; Veerender, P.; Aswal, D. K.; Gupta, S. K. [Technical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai-400085 (India)

    2014-03-31

    The solution of thin graphene-sheets obtained from a simple ultrasonic exfoliation process was found to chemically interact with [6,6]-phenyl C{sub 71} butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) molecules. The thinner graphene-sheets have significantly altered the positions of highest occupied molecular orbital and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of PCBM, which is beneficial for the enhancement of the open circuit voltage of the solar cells. Flexible bulk heterojunction solar cells fabricated using poly 3-hexylthiophene (P3HT):PCBM-graphene exhibited a power conversion efficiency of 2.51%, which is a ?2-fold increase as compared to those fabricated using P3HT:PCBM. Inclusion of graphene-sheets not only improved the open-circuit voltage but also enhanced the short-circuit current density owing to an improved electron transport.

  8. Panchromatic polymer-polymer ternary solar cells enhanced by Forster resonance energy transfer and solvent vapor annealing

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Goh, Tenghooi; Sfeir, Matthew Y.; Huang, Jing -Shun; Bartolome, Benjamin; Vaisman, Michelle; Lee, Minjoo L.; Taylor, Andre D.

    2015-08-04

    Thanks to the bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) feature of polymer solar cells (PSC), additional light active components can be added with ease to form ternary solar cells. This strategy has achieved great success largely due to expanded spectral response range and improved power conversion efficiency (PCE) without incurring excessive processing costs. Here, we report ternary blend polymer–polymer solar cells comprised of PTB7, P3HT, and PC71BM with PCE as high as 8.2%. Analyses of femtosecond time resolved photoluminescence and transient absorption spectroscopy data confirm that P3HT is effective in transferring energy non-radiatively by inducing excitons and prolonging their overall lifetime in PTB7. Asmore » a result, solvent vapor annealing (SVA) treatment was employed to rectify the overly-coarse morphology, thus enhancing the fill factor, reducing interfacial recombination, and boosting the PCE to 8.7%.« less

  9. Electrodeposited cobalt sulfide hole collecting layer for polymer solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zampetti, Andrea; De Rossi, Francesca; Brunetti, Francesca; Reale, Andrea; Di Carlo, Aldo; Brown, Thomas M., E-mail: thomas.brown@uniroma2.it [CHOSE (Centre for Hybrid and Organic Solar Energy), Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via del Politecnico 1, 00133 Rome (Italy)

    2014-08-11

    In polymer solar cells based on the blend of regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester, the hole collecting layer has to be endowed with its ionization potential close to or greater than that of P3HT (?5?eV). Conductive polymer blends such as poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) and metal oxides such as vanadium pentoxide (V{sub 2}O{sub 5}) and molybdenum trioxide (MoO{sub 3}) satisfy this requirement and have been the most common materials used so far in bulk heterojunction structures. We report here cobalt sulfide (CoS) to be a promising hole collecting material deposited by convenient and room temperature electrodeposition. By simply tuning the CoS electrodeposition parameters, power conversion efficiencies similar (within 15%) to a reference structure with PEDOT:PSS were obtained.

  10. Panchromatic polymer-polymer ternary solar cells enhanced by Forster resonance energy transfer and solvent vapor annealing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goh, Tenghooi; Sfeir, Matthew Y.; Huang, Jing -Shun; Bartolome, Benjamin; Vaisman, Michelle; Lee, Minjoo L.; Taylor, Andre D.

    2015-08-04

    Thanks to the bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) feature of polymer solar cells (PSC), additional light active components can be added with ease to form ternary solar cells. This strategy has achieved great success largely due to expanded spectral response range and improved power conversion efficiency (PCE) without incurring excessive processing costs. Here, we report ternary blend polymerpolymer solar cells comprised of PTB7, P3HT, and PC71BM with PCE as high as 8.2%. Analyses of femtosecond time resolved photoluminescence and transient absorption spectroscopy data confirm that P3HT is effective in transferring energy non-radiatively by inducing excitons and prolonging their overall lifetime in PTB7. As a result, solvent vapor annealing (SVA) treatment was employed to rectify the overly-coarse morphology, thus enhancing the fill factor, reducing interfacial recombination, and boosting the PCE to 8.7%.

  11. Micro-cooler enhancements by barrier interface analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephen, A.; Dunn, G. M.; Glover, J.; Oxley, C. H.; Bajo, M. Montes; Kuball, M.; Cumming, D. R. S.; Khalid, A.

    2014-02-15

    A novel gallium arsenide (GaAs) based micro-cooler design, previously analysed both experimentally and by an analytical Heat Transfer (HT) model, has been simulated using a self-consistent Ensemble Monte Carlo (EMC) model for a more in depth analysis of the thermionic cooling in the device. The best fit to the experimental data was found and was used in conjunction with the HT model to estimate the cooler-contact resistance. The cooling results from EMC indicated that the cooling power of the device is highly dependent on the charge distribution across the leading interface. Alteration of this charge distribution via interface extensions on the nanometre scale has shown to produce significant changes in cooler performance.

  12. Gas diffusion electrode setup for catalyst testing in concentrated phosphoric acid at elevated temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiberg, Gustav K. H. E-mail: m.arenz@chem.ku.dk; Fleige, Michael; Arenz, Matthias E-mail: m.arenz@chem.ku.dk

    2015-02-15

    We present a detailed description of the construction and testing of an electrochemical cell setup allowing the investigation of a gas diffusion electrode containing carbon supported high surface area catalysts. The setup is designed for measurements in concentrated phosphoric acid at elevated temperature, i.e., very close to the actual conditions in high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells (HT-PEMFCs). The cell consists of a stainless steel flow field and a PEEK plastic cell body comprising the electrochemical cell, which exhibits a three electrode configuration. The cell body and flow field are braced using a KF-25 vacuum flange clamp, which allows an easy assembly of the setup. As demonstrated, the setup can be used to investigate temperature dependent electrochemical processes on high surface area type electrocatalysts, but it also enables quick screening tests of HT-PEMFC catalysts under realistic conditions.

  13. Tailored benzoxazines as novel resin systems for printed circuit boards in high temperature e-mobility applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Troeger, K. Darka, R. Khanpour Neumeyer, T. Altstaedt, V.

    2014-05-15

    This study focuses on the development of Bisphenol-F-benzoxazine resins blended with different ratios of a trifunctional epoxy resin suitable as matrix for substrates for high temperature printed circuit board (HT-PCB) applications. With the benzoxazine blends glass transition temperatures of more than 190 C could be achieved in combination with a coefficient of thermal expansion in thickness direction (z-CTE) of less than 60 ppm/K without adding any fillers. This shows the high potential of the benzoxazine-epoxy blend systems as substrate materials for HT-PCBs. To understand the thermal behavior of the different formulations, the apparent crosslink density was calculated based on data from Dynamic Mechanical Analysis. Laminates in laboratory scale were prepared and characterized to demonstrate the transformation of the neat resin properties into real electronic substrate properties. The produced laminates exhibit a z-CTE below 40 ppm/K.

  14. EAGLE project for IGFC in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kiso, Fumihiko; Akiyama, Tooru; Morihara, Atsushi; Takahashi, Kouji; Kida, Eiji; Iritani, Junichi; Tsujiguchi, Satoshi

    2000-07-01

    An Integrated Coal Gasification Fuel Cell power plant (IGFC) is one of the most attractive power plants in the 21st century because of its high efficiency and low impact on the environment. Under financial support of NEDO, the project for IGFC named ``Coal Energy Application for Gas, Liquid and Electricity (EAGLE)'' is in progress. This paper shows the current status of the project. EAGLE project aims to establish coal gasification technology for fuel cells, with special emphasis, to develop an coal gasifier and a gas clean up system which reduces trace elements within the tolerant level for fuel cells. Electric Power Development Co., Ltd. (EPDC) and Hitachi Ltd. have researched and designed the plant. Plant Capacity of the plant is 150 tons per day of coal. Oxidization agent is pure oxygen produced by an air separation unit. Two-stage entrained flow type gasifier has been selected for EAGLE. Both cyclone and filter is used for dust removal. Syngas contains not only H{sub 2}S but also COS as sulfur compounds. H{sub 2}S is removed by the wet gas clean-up system using methyl di-ethanol amine (MDEA). However COS cannot be absorbed by MDEA. To improve the desulfurization ratio, Carbonyl Sulfide (COS) hydrolysis unit is used for conversion of COS to H{sub 2}S. Construction of the plant started in 1998. The gasifier and the heat recovery boiler have been already manufactured and constructed at the plant site Wakamatsu in Fukuoka prefecture. Testing of the plant operation will start in 2001 and continue until 2004.

  15. SU-E-J-72: Geant4 Simulations of Spot-Scanned Proton Beam Treatment Plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kanehira, T; Sutherland, K; Matsuura, T; Umegaki, K; Shirato, H [Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido (Japan)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To evaluate density inhomogeneities which can effect dose distributions for real-time image gated spot-scanning proton therapy (RGPT), a dose calculation system, using treatment planning system VQA (Hitachi Ltd., Tokyo) spot position data, was developed based on Geant4. Methods: A Geant4 application was developed to simulate spot-scanned proton beams at Hokkaido University Hospital. A CT scan (0.98 0.98 1.25 mm) was performed for prostate cancer treatment with three or four inserted gold markers (diameter 1.5 mm, volume 1.77 mm3) in or near the target tumor. The CT data was read into VQA. A spot scanning plan was generated and exported to text files, specifying the beam energy and position of each spot. The text files were converted and read into our Geant4-based software. The spot position was converted into steering magnet field strength (in Tesla) for our beam nozzle. Individual protons were tracked from the vacuum chamber, through the helium chamber, steering magnets, dose monitors, etc., in a straight, horizontal line. The patient CT data was converted into materials with variable density and placed in a parametrized volume at the isocenter. Gold fiducial markers were represented in the CT data by two adjacent voxels (volume 2.38 mm3). 600,000 proton histories were tracked for each target spot. As one beam contained about 1,000 spots, approximately 600 million histories were recorded for each beam on a blade server. Two plans were considered: two beam horizontal opposed (90 and 270 degree) and three beam (0, 90 and 270 degree). Results: We are able to convert spot scanning plans from VQA and simulate them with our Geant4-based code. Our system can be used to evaluate the effect of dose reduction caused by gold markers used for RGPT. Conclusion: Our Geant4 application is able to calculate dose distributions for spot scanned proton therapy.

  16. Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-15-025 Texas A&M EC B3-6.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5 SECTION A. Project Title: Advanced Surface Plasma Nitriding for Development of Corrosion Resistant and Accident Tolerant Fuel Cladding - Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Station SECTION B. Project Description Texas A&M proposes to develop a hollow cathode plasma nitriding technique. Starting with alloys Grade 92, Alloy 709, HT-9, T-91, and Zircaloy 2/4, the team will apply an advanced surface plasma nitriding technique to convert alloy surface layers into nitride layers for better

  17. Potential of High-Throughput Experimentation with Ammonia Borane Solid

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hydrogen Storage Materials (presentation) | Department of Energy Potential of High-Throughput Experimentation with Ammonia Borane Solid Hydrogen Storage Materials (presentation) Potential of High-Throughput Experimentation with Ammonia Borane Solid Hydrogen Storage Materials (presentation) Presented at the U.S. Department of Energy's Hydrogen Storage Meeting held June 26, 2007 in Bethesda, Maryland. PDF icon ht_pnnl_male.pdf More Documents & Publications Final Report for the DOE Chemical

  18. In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Katherine Jungjohann & Yang Liu Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 cint.lanl.gov * Adjustable HT: 100-300 kV * EDAX EDS Detector * Gatan Tridiem GIF * ADF STEM Detector * HAADF STEM Detector * BF STEM Detector * 2.0 A resolution in TEM * 1.9 A resolution in STEM * High resolution videos using Gatan Ultrascan CCD camera * Simultaneous BF and HAADF STEM imaging * EDS and EELS mapping * Energy-filtered imaging Sample Preparation

  19. High Throughput/Combinatorial Screening of Hydrogen Storage Materials

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (presentation) | Department of Energy Materials (presentation) High Throughput/Combinatorial Screening of Hydrogen Storage Materials (presentation) Presented at the U.S. Department of Energy's Hydrogen Storage Meeting held June 26, 2007 in Bethesda, Maryland. PDF icon ht_symyx_boussie.pdf More Documents & Publications High-Throughput Methodology for Discovery of Metal-Organic Frameworks with a High Binding Energy (New Joint UC-Berkeley/Symyx DoD/DLA Project) (presentation) High Througput

  20. High-Throughput and Combinatorial Screening of Hydrogen Storage Materials

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (presentation) | Department of Energy High-Throughput and Combinatorial Screening of Hydrogen Storage Materials (presentation) High-Throughput and Combinatorial Screening of Hydrogen Storage Materials (presentation) Presented at the U.S. Department of Energy's Hydrogen Storage Meeting held June 26, 2007 in Bethesda, Maryland. PDF icon ht_snl_ronnebro_mcdaniel.pdf More Documents & Publications High Througput Combinatorial Techniques in Hydrogen Storage Materials R&D Workshop

  1. High-Throughput/Combinatorial Techniques in Hydrogen Storage Materials R&D

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (presentation) | Department of Energy High-Throughput/Combinatorial Techniques in Hydrogen Storage Materials R&D (presentation) High-Throughput/Combinatorial Techniques in Hydrogen Storage Materials R&D (presentation) Meeting Background, Purpose and Agenda presented at the U.S. Department of Energy's Hydrogen Storage Meeting held June 26, 2007 in Bethesda, Maryland. PDF icon ht_doe_stetson.pdf More Documents & Publications Agenda from the U.S. Department of Energy's High

  2. Differential expression of nanog1 and nanogp8 in colon cancer cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ishiguro, Tatsuya; Sato, Ai; Ohata, Hirokazu; Sakai, Hiroaki; Nakagama, Hitoshi; Okamoto, Koji

    2012-02-10

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Nanog is expressed in a majority of colon cancer cell lines examined. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Both nanog1 and nanogp8 are expressed in colon cancer cells with varying ratios. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Nanog mediates cell proliferation of colon cancer cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Nanog predominantly localizes in cytoplasm of colon cancer cells. -- Abstract: Nanog, a homeodomain transcription factor, is an essential regulator for promotion of self-renewal of embryonic stem cells and inhibition of their differentiation. It has been demonstrated that nanog1 as well as nanogp8, a retrogene of nanog1, is preferentially expressed in advanced stages of several types of cancer, suggesting their involvement during cancer progression. Here, we investigated the expression of Nanog in well-characterized colon cancer cell lines. Expression of Nanog was detectable in 5 (HCT116, HT29, RKO, SW48, SW620) out of seven cell lines examined. RNA expression analyses of nanog1 and nanogp8 indicated that, while nanog1 was a major form in SW620 as well as in teratoma cells Tera-2, nanogp8 was preferentially expressed in HT29 and HCT116. In accordance with this, shRNA-mediated knockdown of nanog1 caused the reduction of Nanog in SW620 but not in HT29. Inhibition of Nanog in SW620 cells negatively affected cell proliferation and tumor formation in mouse xenograft. Biochemical subcellular fractionation and immunostaining analyses revealed predominant localization of Nanog in cytoplasm in SW620 and HT29, while it was mainly localized in nucleus in Tera-2. Our data indicate that nanog1 and nanogp8 are differentially expressed in colon cancer cells, and suggest that their expression contributes to proliferation of colon cancer cells.

  3. Agenda from the U.S. Department of Energy's High Throughput Screening of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hydrogen Storage Materials Workshop on June 26, 2007 | Department of Energy from the U.S. Department of Energy's High Throughput Screening of Hydrogen Storage Materials Workshop on June 26, 2007 Agenda from the U.S. Department of Energy's High Throughput Screening of Hydrogen Storage Materials Workshop on June 26, 2007 Agenda from the U.S. Department of Energy's Hydrogen Storage Meeting held June 26, 2007 in Bethesda, Maryland. PDF icon ht_agenda.pdf More Documents & Publications

  4. FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY CRIMINAL BACKGROUND CHECK INFORMATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ONLY FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY CRIMINAL BACKGROUND CHECK INFORMATION ENSURE DATA IS LEGIBLE AND COMPLETE, THIS FORM MUST BE COMPLETED BY APPLICANT LAST NAME: FIRST NAME, MIDDLE INITIAL: SSN: DOB: RACE: SEX: EYES: HT: WT: ADDRESS, CITY, AND ZIP: US CITIZENSHIP: YES NO DRIVER'S LICENSE NUMBER AND STATE OF ISSUE: AGE 18 OR OVER: YES NO EMPLOYER: Any Alias: I authorize the use of and release of my personal information to KIRTLAND AFB, NM, to accomplish a National criminal background check. I understand

  5. D. Chen*, A. Nakahara**, D. Wei

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Chen*, A. Nakahara**, D. Wei + , D. Nordlund & , T. P. Russell* Correlating Efficiency and Morphology in P3HT/PCBM Photovoltaics Chen, D.; et al., Nano Letters, 2011, 11, 561-567. (dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl103482n)
 Bulk heterojunction, solid state photovoltaic device performance is heavily dependent on the formation of an bicontinuous morphology where the size of the domains formed are tens of nanometers. This work quantitatively demonstrated that the classic organic photovoltaic active

  6. Microsoft PowerPoint - NEGTN02-#217307-v1-NEAMS_TALK_FOR_NEAC_DECEMBER_2013

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Modeling and Simulation R. Shane Johnson Deputy Assistant Secretary for S i d h l i Science and Technology Innovation Overview for NEAC Review Meeting December 19 2013 December 19, 2013 Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling & Simulation (NEAMS) Why NEAMS? Why pursue advanced modeling and simulation  When integrated with theory and experiment, modeling & simulation enhances opportunities for i i ht i t th l h i capabilities? new insights into the

  7. Copper- and silver-zirconia aerogels: Preparation, structural properties and catalytic behavior in methanol synthesis from carbon dioxide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koeppel, R.A.; Stoecker, C.; Baiker, A. [Swiss Federal Inst. of Technology, Zuerich (Switzerland). Lab. of Technical Chemistry] [Swiss Federal Inst. of Technology, Zuerich (Switzerland). Lab. of Technical Chemistry

    1998-10-25

    Copper- and silver-zirconia aerogels containing 10 at% IB metal were prepared from tetra-n-butoxy zirconium(IV) and IB metal acetates using the solution sol-gel method and ensuring high-temperature (HT) and low-temperature (LT) supercritical drying, respectively. The influence of preparation parameters and calcination on the structural and catalytic properties of the aerogels for the synthesis of methanol from carbon dioxide and hydrogen was investigated. After calcination in air at 573 K, the catalysts had BET surface areas in the range of 100--143 m{sup 2}/g (Cu/ZrO{sub 2}) and 77--125 m{sup 2}/g (Ag/ZrO{sub 2}), respectively. Due to the reductive alcoholic atmosphere during high-temperature supercritical drying, metallic copper and silver existed in all raw HT-aerogels. The mean size of the copper crystallites wa/s 30 nm. The silver crystallite size for the HT-aerogel prepared with nitric acid was 10 nm, whereas for samples prepared with acetic acid it was 5--7 nm. Calcination in air at 573 K led to the formation of highly dispersed amorphous copper oxide and silver. Comparing the catalytic behavior of the calcined copper-zirconia aerogels with corresponding xerogels prepared by coprecipitation revealed highest activity for the LT-aerogel, whereas the HT-aerogels were least active. In contrast, similar catalytic behavior was observed for the differently dried silver-zirconia samples. Generally, CO{sub 2}-conversion of the copper-zirconia samples. Generally, CO{sub 2}-conversion of the copper-zirconia aerogels was markedly higher than that of the corresponding silver-zirconia aerogels, whereas methanol selectivity was similar.

  8. Combinatorial Approach for Hydrogen Storage Materials (presentation) |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Approach for Hydrogen Storage Materials (presentation) Combinatorial Approach for Hydrogen Storage Materials (presentation) Presented at the U.S. Department of Energy's Hydrogen Storage Meeting held June 26, 2007 in Bethesda, Maryland. PDF icon ht_ge_soloveichik.pdf More Documents & Publications Final Report for the DOE Metal Hydride Center of Excellence Thermodynamic Guidelines for the Prediction of Hydrogen Storage Reactions and Their Application to Destabillzed

  9. Combinatorial Approaches for Hydrogen Storage Materials (presentation) |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Approaches for Hydrogen Storage Materials (presentation) Combinatorial Approaches for Hydrogen Storage Materials (presentation) Presentation on NIST Combinatorial Methods at the U.S. Department of Energy's Hydrogen Storage Meeting held June 26, 2007 in Bethesda, Maryland. PDF icon ht_nist_bendersky.pdf More Documents & Publications High Througput Combinatorial Techniques in Hydrogen Storage Materials R&D Workshop Hydrogen Storage Lab PI Workshop: HyMARC and

  10. ETA-UTP009 - Measurement and Evaluation of Magnetic Fields (EMF) and Electromagnetic Radiation (EMI) Generated by Electric Vehicles

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9 Revision 0 Effective March 23, 2001 Measurement and Evaluation of Magnetic Fields (EMF) and Electromagnetic Radiation (EMI) Generated by Electric Vehicles Prepared by Electric Transportation Applications Prepared by: _______________________________ Date:__________ Steven R. Ryan Approved by: ___________________________________________________ Date: _______________ Jude M. Clark ETA-UTP009 Revision 0 © ©2 20 00 01 1 Electric Transportation Applications A Al ll l R Ri ig gh ht ts s R Re es se

  11. Historical Doses from Tritiated Water and Tritiated Hydrogen Gas Released to the Atmosphere from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Part 5. Accidental Releases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, S

    2007-08-15

    Over the course of fifty-three years, LLNL had six acute releases of tritiated hydrogen gas (HT) and one acute release of tritiated water vapor (HTO) that were too large relative to the annual releases to be included as part of the annual releases from normal operations detailed in Parts 3 and 4 of the Tritium Dose Reconstruction (TDR). Sandia National Laboratories/California (SNL/CA) had one such release of HT and one of HTO. Doses to the maximally exposed individual (MEI) for these accidents have been modeled using an equation derived from the time-dependent tritium model, UFOTRI, and parameter values based on expert judgment. All of these acute releases are described in this report. Doses that could not have been exceeded from the large HT releases of 1965 and 1970 were calculated to be 43 {micro}Sv (4.3 mrem) and 120 {micro}Sv (12 mrem) to an adult, respectively. Two published sets of dose predictions for the accidental HT release in 1970 are compared with the dose predictions of this TDR. The highest predicted dose was for an acute release of HTO in 1954. For this release, the dose that could not have been exceeded was estimated to have been 2 mSv (200 mrem), although, because of the high uncertainty about the predictions, the likely dose may have been as low as 360 {micro}Sv (36 mrem) or less. The estimated maximum exposures from the accidental releases were such that no adverse health effects would be expected. Appendix A lists all accidents and large routine puff releases that have occurred at LLNL and SNL/CA between 1953 and 2005. Appendix B describes the processes unique to tritium that must be modeled after an acute release, some of the time-dependent tritium models being used today, and the results of tests of these models.

  12. Microsoft PowerPoint - Customer meeting 20140605

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hydropower Governance Regional Hydropower Governance Board Board J h R b t John Roberts Deputy District Engineer Program Manager Tulsa District US Army Corps of Engineers BUILDING STRONG ® PURPOSE Th R i l H d G B d ill id i ht t The Regional Hydropower Governance Board will provide oversight to ensure the region's hydropower programs are managed in the most effective and efficient manner for  availability and delivery of power generation to SWPA;  availability and delivery of power

  13. Office Of Nuclear Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Micro-Pocket Fission Detector (MPFD) for High Temperature Reactors Troy Unruh Idaho National Laboratory Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies October 28-29, 2015 2 Project Overview n Goal, and Objectives * Develop and test high temperature capable (to 800 ºC) Micro-Pocket Fission Detectors (HT MPFDs), which are compact fission chambers capable of simultaneously measuring thermal neutron flux, fast neutron flux and temperature within a single package. October 28, 2015 Enhanced Micro-Pocket

  14. Welcoming Remarks Imre Gyuk US Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Welcoming Remarks Imre Gyuk US Department of Energy DOE / ESS Program Overview John Boyes Sandia National Laboratories PRESENTATIONS Long Island Bus NaS Battery Energy Storage Project Steve Eckroad (Electric Power Research Institute) Development of an Integrated Power Controller Based on HT SOI and SiC Joseph Henfling (Sandia National Labortatories) Large Format Carbon Enhanced VRLA Battery Test Results Tom Hund (Sandia National Labortatories) Technical Feasibility of Compressed Air Energy

  15. Overcoming Degradation in Organic Photovoltaics: Illuminating the Role of Fullerene Functionalization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lloyd, M. T.; Garcia, A.; Berry, J. J.; Reese, M. O.; Ginley, D. S.; Olson, D. C.

    2011-01-01

    Photobleaching rates are investigated for thin films of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) blends employing either an indene-C{sub 60} bisadduct (ICBA) or [6,6]-phenyl-C{sub 61}-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as the electron acceptor. Relative to the bisindene, PCBM significantly enhances resistance to photobleaching of the P3HT donor polymer. We tentatively attribute a decrease in the charge transfer rate as the mechanism responsible for the more rapid photobleaching in the sample containing the bisindene adduct. In order to elucidate the influence of the photobleaching rate on the initial performance of unencapsulated devices, we also monitored the time-dependent behavior for P3HT:fullerene inverted devices. Under conditions of constant illumination, we observe essentially identical behavior in device performance parameters regardless of the energy levels of the electron acceptor. We conclude that over the time frame measured for these devices, the primary degradation mechanism of the active layer is independent of the electron acceptor, despite the enhanced tolerance to photobleaching it may impart to the donor material.

  16. In situ current voltage measurements for optimization of a novel fullerene acceptor in bulk heterojunction photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shuttle, Christopher G.; Treat, Neil D.; Fan, Jian; Varotto, Alessandro; Hawker, Craig J.; Wudl, Fred; Chabinyc, Michael L.

    2011-10-31

    The evaluation of the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of new materials for organic bulk heterojunction (BHJ) photovoltaics is difficult due to the large number of processing parameters possible. An efficient procedure to determine the optimum conditions for thermal treatment of polymer-based bulk heterojunction photovoltaic devices using in situ current-voltage measurements is presented. The performance of a new fullerene derivative, 1,9-dihydro-64,65-dihexyloxy-1,9-(methano[1,2] benzomethano)fullerene[60], in BHJ photovolatics with poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) was evaluated using this methodology. The device characteristics of BHJs obtained from the in situ method were found to be in good agreement with those from BHJs annealed using a conventional process. This fullerene has similar performance to 1-(3-methoxycarbonyl)propyl-1-phenyl-[6,6]-methano fullerene in BHJs with P3HT after thermal annealing. For devices with thickness of 70 nm, the short circuit current was 6.24 mA/cm with a fill factor of 0.53 and open circuit voltage of 0.65 V. The changes in the current-voltage measurements during thermal annealing suggest that the ordering process in P3HT dominates the improvement in power conversion efficiency.

  17. Green route synthesis of high quality CdSe quantum dots for applications in light emitting devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bera, Susnata, E-mail: susnata.bera@gmail.com [Department of Physics and Meteorology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721302 (India); Singh, Shashi B. [Department of Physics and Meteorology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721302 (India); Ray, S.K., E-mail: physkr@phy.iitkgp.ernet.in [Department of Physics and Meteorology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721302 (India)

    2012-05-15

    Investigation was made on light emitting diodes fabricated using CdSe quantum dots. CdSe quantum dots were synthesized chemically using olive oil as the capping agent, instead of toxic phosphine. Room temperature photoluminescence investigation showed sharp 1st excitonic emission peak at 568 nm. Bi-layer organic/inorganic (P3HT/CdSe) hybrid light emitting devices were fabricated by solution process. The electroluminescence study showed low turn on voltage ({approx}2.2 V) .The EL peak intensity was found to increase by increasing the operating current. - Graphical abstract: Light emitting diode was fabricated using CdSe quantum dots using olive oil as the capping agent, instead of toxic phosphine. Bi-layer organic/inorganic (P3HT/CdSe) hybrid light emitting device shows strong electroluminescence in the range 630-661 nm. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer CdSe Quantum dots were synthesized using olive oil as the capping agent. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Light emitting device was fabricated using CdSe QDs/P3HT polymer heterojunction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The I-V characteristics study showed low turn on voltage at {approx}2.2 V. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The EL peak intensity increases with increasing the operating current.

  18. Determination of photocarrier density under continuous photoirradiation using spectroscopic techniques as applied to polymer: Fullerene blend films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kanemoto, Katsuichi Nakatani, Hitomi; Domoto, Shinya

    2014-10-28

    We propose a method to determine the density of photocarrier under continuous photoirradiation in conjugated polymers using spectroscopic signals obtained by photoinduced absorption (PIA) measurements. The bleaching signals in the PIA measurements of polymer films and the steady-state absorption signals of oxidized polymer solution are employed to determine the photocarrier density. The method is applied to photocarriers of poly (3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) in a blended film consisting of P3HT and [6,6]-phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM). The photocarrier density under continuous photoirradiation of 580 mW/cm{sup 2} is determined to be 3.5??10{sup 16?}cm{sup ?3}. Using a trend of the carrier density increasing in proportion to the square root of photo-excitation intensity, we provide a general formula to estimate the photocarrier density under simulated 1 sun solar irradiation for the P3HT: PCBM film of an arbitrary thickness. We emphasize that the method proposed in this study enables an estimate of carrier density without measuring a current and can be applied to films with no electrodes as well as to devices.

  19. Experimental comparison of grating- and propagation-based hard X-ray phase tomography of soft tissue

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lang, S.; Schulz, G.; Müller, B.; Zanette, I.; Dominietto, M.; Langer, M.; Rack, A.; Le Duc, G.; David, C.; Mohr, J.; Pfeiffer, F.; Weitkamp, T.

    2014-10-21

    When imaging soft tissues with hard X-rays, phase contrast is often preferred over conventional attenuation contrast due its superior sensitivity. However, it is unclear which of the numerous phase tomography methods yields the optimized results at given experimental conditions. Therefore, we quantitatively compared the three phase tomography methods implemented at the beamline ID19 of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility: X-ray grating interferometry (XGI), and propagation-based phase tomography, i.e., single-distance phase retrieval (SDPR) and holotomography (HT), using cancerous tissue from a mouse model and an entire heart of a rat. We show that for both specimens, the spatial resolution derived from the characteristic morphological features is about a factor of two better for HT and SDPR compared to XGI, whereas the XGI data generally exhibit much better contrast-to-noise ratios for the anatomical features. Moreover, XGI excels in fidelity of the density measurements, and is also more robust against low-frequency artifacts than HT, but it might suffer from phase-wrapping artifacts. Thus, we can regard the three phase tomography methods discussed as complementary. The application will decide which spatial and density resolutions are desired, for the imaging task and dose requirements, and, in addition, the applicant must choose between the complexity of the experimental setup and the one of data processing.

  20. Metal Hydrides for High-Temperature Power Generation

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ronnebro, Ewa; Whyatt, Greg A.; Powell, Michael R.; Westman, Matthew P.; Zheng, Feng; Fang, Zhigang Zak

    2015-08-10

    Metal hydrides can be utilized for hydrogen storage and for thermal energy storage (TES) applications. By using TES with solar technologies, heat can be stored from sun energy to be used later which enables continuous power generation. We are developing a TES technology based on a dual-bed metal hydride system, which has a high-temperature (HT) metal hydride operating reversibly at 600-800°C to generate heat as well as a low-temperature (LT) hydride near room temperature that is used for hydrogen storage during sun hours until there is a need to produce electricity, such as during night time, a cloudy day, ormore » during peak hours. We proceeded from selecting a high-energy density, low-cost HT-hydride based on performance characterization on gram size samples, to scale-up to kilogram quantities and design, fabrication and testing of a 1.5kWh, 200kWh/m3 bench-scale TES prototype based on a HT-bed of titanium hydride and a hydrogen gas storage instead of a LT-hydride. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to make performance predictions for cylindrical hydride beds with varying diameters and thermal conductivities. Based on experimental and modeling results, a bench-scale prototype was designed and fabricated and we successfully showed feasibility to meet or exceed all performance targets.« less

  1. Production of Medical Radioisotopes in the ORNL High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) for Cancer Treatment and Arterial Restenosis Therapy after PTCA

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    Knapp, F. F. Jr.; Beets, A. L.; Mirzadeh, S.; Alexander, C. W.; Hobbs, R. L.

    1998-06-01

    The High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) represents an important resource for the production of a wide variety of medical radioisotopes. In addition to serving as a key production site for californium-252 and other transuranic elements, important examples of therapeutic radioisotopes which are currently routinely produced in the HFIR for distribution include dysprosium-166 (parent of holmium-166), rhenium-186, tin-117m and tungsten-188 (parent of rhenium-188). The nine hydraulic tube (HT) positions in the central high flux region permit the insertion and removal of targets at any time during the operating cycle and have traditionally represented a major site for production of medical radioisotopes. To increase the irradiation capabilities of the HFIR, special target holders have recently been designed and fabricated which will be installed in the six Peripheral Target Positions (PTP), which are also located in the high flux region. These positions are only accessible during reactor refueling and will be used for long-term irradiations, such as required for the production of tin-117m and tungsten-188. Each of the PTP tubes will be capable of housing a maximum of eight HT targets, thus increasing the total maximum number of HT targets from the current nine, to a total of 57. In this paper the therapeutic use of reactor-produced radioisotopes for bone pain palliation and vascular brachytherapy and the therapeutic medical radioisotope production capabilities of the ORNL HFIR are briefly discussed.

  2. Joining techniques for a reduced activation 12Cr steel for inertial fusion energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunt, R. M.; El-Dasher, B.; Choi, B. W.; Torres, S. G.

    2014-10-01

    At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, we are developing a reduced activation ferritic martensitic steel that is based on the ferritic martensitic steel HT-9. As a part of the development of this steel, we tested a series of welding processes for characterization, including conventional welds (electron beam, tungsten inert gas, and laser) as well as solid-state welds (hot isostatic pressing). We also heat treated the joints at various temperatures between 750 C and 1050 C to find a suitable normalization scheme. The modified HT-9 reduced activation ferritic martensitic steel appears highly suitable to welding and diffusion bonding. All welds showed good quality fusion zones with insignificant cracking or porosity. Additionally, a heat treatment schedule of 950 C for one hour caused minimal grain growth while still converging the hardness of the base metal with that of the fusion and heat-affected zones. Also, modified HT-9 diffusion bonds that were created at temperatures of at least 950 C for two hours at 103 MPa had interface tensile strengths of greater than 600 MPa. The diffusion bonds showed no evidence of increased hardness nor void formation at the diffusion bonded interface.

  3. Influence of interfacial reactions on the fiber-matrix interfacial shear strength in sapphire fiber-reinforced NiAl(Yb) composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tewari, S.N.; Smith, J. . Dept. of Chemical Engineering); Asthana, R.; Bowman, R.R. . Materials Division); Tiwari, R. )

    1995-02-01

    The influence of microstructure of the fiber-matrix interface on the interfacial shear strength, measured using a fiber-pushout technique, has been examined in a sapphire-fiber-reinforced NiAl(Yb) matrix composite under the following conditions: (1) as-fabricated powder metallurgy (PM) composites, (2) PM composites after solid-state heat treatment (HT), and (3) PM composites after directional solidification (DS). The fiber-pushout stress-displacement behavior consisted of an initial pseudoelastic'' region, wherein the stress increased linearly with displacement, followed by an inelastic'' region, where the slope of the stress-displacement plot decrease until a maximum stress was reached, and the subsequent gradual stress decreased to a frictional'' stress. Energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray analyses showed that the interfacial region in the PM NiAl(Yb) composites was comprised of Yb[sub 2]O[sub 3], O-rich NiAl and some spinel oxide (Yb[sub 3]Al[sub 5]O[sub 12]), whereas the interfacial region in the HT and DS composites was comprised mainly of Yb[sub 3]Al[sub 5]O[sub 12]. A reaction mechanism has been proposed to explain the presence of interfacial species observed in the sapphire-NiAl(Yb) composite. The extent of interfacial chemical reactions and severity of fiber surface degradation increased progressively in this order: PM < HT < DS.

  4. Metal Hydrides for High-Temperature Power Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronnebro, Ewa; Whyatt, Greg A.; Powell, Michael R.; Westman, Matthew P.; Zheng, Feng; Fang, Zhigang Zak

    2015-08-10

    Metal hydrides can be utilized for hydrogen storage and for thermal energy storage (TES) applications. By using TES with solar technologies, heat can be stored from sun energy to be used later which enables continuous power generation. We are developing a TES technology based on a dual-bed metal hydride system, which has a high-temperature (HT) metal hydride operating reversibly at 600-800°C to generate heat as well as a low-temperature (LT) hydride near room temperature that is used for hydrogen storage during sun hours until there is a need to produce electricity, such as during night time, a cloudy day, or during peak hours. We proceeded from selecting a high-energy density, low-cost HT-hydride based on performance characterization on gram size samples, to scale-up to kilogram quantities and design, fabrication and testing of a 1.5kWh, 200kWh/m3 bench-scale TES prototype based on a HT-bed of titanium hydride and a hydrogen gas storage instead of a LT-hydride. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to make performance predictions for cylindrical hydride beds with varying diameters and thermal conductivities. Based on experimental and modeling results, a bench-scale prototype was designed and fabricated and we successfully showed feasibility to meet or exceed all performance targets.

  5. Rare earth chalcogenides for use as high temperature thermoelectric materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michiels, J.

    1996-01-02

    In the first part of the thesis, the electric resistivity, Seebeck coefficient, and Hall effect were measured in X{sub y}(Y{sub 2}S{sub 3}){sub 1-y} (X = Cu, B, or Al), for y = 0.05 (Cu, B) or 0.025-0.075 for Al, in order to determine their potential as high- temperature (HT)(300-1000 C) thermoelectrics. Results indicate that Cu, B, Al- doped Y{sub 2}S{sub 3} are not useful as HT thermoelectrics. In the second part, phase stability of {gamma}-cubic LaSe{sub 1.47-1.48} and NdSe{sub 1.47} was measured periodically during annealing at 800 or 1000 C for the same purpose. In the Nd selenide, {beta} phase increased with time, while the Nd selenide showed no sign of this second phase. It is concluded that the La selenide is not promising for use as HT thermoelectric due to the {gamma}-to-{beta} transformation, whereas the Nd selenide is promising.

  6. Radiobiologic comparison of helical tomotherapy, intensity modulated radiotherapy, and conformal radiotherapy in treating lung cancer accounting for secondary malignancy risks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Komisopoulos, Georgios; Mavroidis, Panayiotis; Rodriguez, Salvador; Stathakis, Sotirios; Papanikolaou, Nikos; Nikiforidis, Georgios C.; Sakellaropoulos, Georgios C.

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to examine the importance of using measures to predict the risk of inducing secondary malignancies in association with the clinical effectiveness of treatment plans in terms of tumor control and normal tissue complication probabilities. This is achieved by using radiobiologic parameters and measures, which may provide a closer association between clinical outcome and treatment delivery. Overall, 4 patients having been treated for lung cancer were examined. For each of them, 3 treatment plans were developed based on the helical tomotherapy (HT), multileaf collimator-based intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), and 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (CRT) modalities. The different plans were evaluated using the complication-free tumor control probability (p{sub +}), the overall probability of injury (p{sub I}), the overall probability of control/benefit (p{sub B}), and the biologically effective uniform dose (D{sup }). These radiobiologic measures were used to develop dose-response curves (p-D{sup } diagram), which can help to evaluate different treatment plans when used in conjunction with standard dosimetric criteria. The risks for secondary malignancies in the heart and the contralateral lung were calculated for the 3 radiation modalities based on the corresponding dose-volume histograms (DVHs) of each patient. Regarding the overall evaluation of the different radiation modalities based on the p{sub +} index, the average values of the HT, IMRT, and CRT are 67.3%, 61.2%, and 68.2%, respectively. The corresponding average values of p{sub B} are 75.6%, 70.5%, and 71.0%, respectively, whereas the average values of p{sub I} are 8.3%, 9.3%, and 2.8%, respectively. Among the organs at risk (OARs), lungs show the highest probabilities for complications, which are 7.1%, 8.0%, and 1.3% for the HT, IMRT, and CRT modalities, respectively. Similarly, the biologically effective prescription doses (D{sub B}{sup }) for the HT, IMRT, and CRT modalities are 64.0, 60.9, and 60.8 Gy, respectively. Regarding the risk for secondary cancer, for the heart, the lowest average risk is produced by IMRT (0.10%) compared with the HT (0.17%) and CRT (0.12%) modalities, whereas the 3 radiation modalities show almost equivalent results regarding the contralateral lung (0.8% for HT, 0.9% for IMRT, and 0.9% for CRT). The use of radiobiologic parameters in the evaluation of different treatment plans and estimation of their expected clinical outcome is shown to provide very useful clinical information. The radiobiologic analysis of the response probabilities showed that different radiation modalities appear to be more effective in different patient geometries and target sizes and locations. Furthermore, there is not a clear pattern between the plans that appear to be more effective for the treatment and the risk of secondary malignancy. It seems that radiobiologically based treatment planning taking into account the risk of secondary cancer can be established as an effective clinical tool for a more clinically relevant treatment optimization.

  7. Highly Flexible Self-Assembled V2O5 Cathodes Enabled by Conducting Diblock Copolymers

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    An, Hyosung; Mike, Jared; Smith, Kendall A.; Swank, Lisa; Lin, Yen-Hao; L. Pesek, Stacy; Verduzco, Rafael; Lutkenhaus, Jodie L.

    2015-09-22

    Mechanically robust battery electrodes are desired for applications in wearable devices, flexible displays, and structural energy and power. In this regard, the challenge is to balance mechanical and electrochemical properties in materials that are inherently brittle. Here, we demonstrate a unique water-based self-assembly approach that incorporates a diblock copolymer bearing electron- and ion-conducting blocks, poly(3-hexylthiophene)-block-poly(ethyleneoxide) (P3HT-b-PEO), with V2O5 to form a flexible, tough, carbon-free hybrid battery cathode. V2O5 is a promising lithium intercalation material, but it remains limited by its poor conductivity and mechanical properties. Our approach leads to a unique electrode structure consisting of interlocking V2O5 layers glued togethermore » with micellar aggregates of P3HT-b-PEO, which results in robust mechanical properties, far exceeding the those obtained from conventional fluoropolymer binders. Only 5 wt % polymer is required to triple the flexibility of V2O5, and electrodes comprised of 10 wt % polymer have unusually high toughness (293 kJ/m3) and specific energy (530 Wh/kg), both higher than reduced graphene oxide paper electrodes. Furthermore, addition of P3HT-b-PEO enhances lithium-ion diffusion, eliminates cracking during cycling, and boosts cyclability relative to V2O5 alone. These results highlight the importance of tradeoffs between mechanical and electrochemical performance, where polymer content can be used to tune both aspects.« less

  8. Olive oil compounds inhibit vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 phosphorylation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lamy, Sylvie Ouanouki, Amira; Bliveau, Richard; Desrosiers, Richard R.

    2014-03-10

    Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) triggers crucial signaling processes that regulate tumor angiogenesis and, therefore, represents an attractive target for the development of novel anticancer therapeutics. Several epidemiological studies have confirmed that abundant consumption of foods from plant origin is associated with reduced risk of developing cancers. In the Mediterranean basin, the consumption of extra virgin olive oil is an important constituent of the diet. Compared to other vegetable oils, the presence of several phenolic antioxidants in olive oil is believed to prevent the occurrence of a variety of pathological processes, such as cancer. While the strong antioxidant potential of these molecules is well characterized, their antiangiogenic activities remain unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate whether tyrosol (Tyr), hydroxytyrosol (HT), taxifolin (Tax), oleuropein (OL) and oleic acid (OA), five compounds contained in extra virgin olive oil, can affect in vitro angiogenesis. We found that HT, Tax and OA were the most potent angiogenesis inhibitors through their inhibitory effect on specific autophosphorylation sites of VEGFR-2 (Tyr951, Tyr1059, Tyr1175 and Tyr1214) leading to the inhibition of endothelial cell (EC) signaling. Inhibition of VEGFR-2 by these olive oil compounds significantly reduced VEGF-induced EC proliferation and migration as well as their morphogenic differentiation into capillary-like tubular structures in Matrigel. Our study demonstrates that HT, Tax and OA are novel and potent inhibitors of the VEGFR-2 signaling pathway. These findings emphasize the chemopreventive properties of olive oil and highlight the importance of nutrition in cancer prevention. - Highlights: We investigated five compounds contained in extra virgin olive oil on angiogenesis. Hydroxytyrosol, taxifolin and oleic acid are the best angiogenesis inhibitors. Olive oil compounds affect endothelial cell functions essential for angiogenesis. Olive oil compounds inhibit specific autophosphorylation sites of VEGFR-2. Hydroxytyrosol, taxifolin and oleic acid inhibit VEGFR-2 signaling pathway.

  9. Highly Flexible Self-Assembled V2O5 Cathodes Enabled by Conducting Diblock Copolymers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    An, Hyosung; Mike, Jared; Smith, Kendall A.; Swank, Lisa; Lin, Yen-Hao; L. Pesek, Stacy; Verduzco, Rafael; Lutkenhaus, Jodie L.

    2015-09-22

    Mechanically robust battery electrodes are desired for applications in wearable devices, flexible displays, and structural energy and power. In this regard, the challenge is to balance mechanical and electrochemical properties in materials that are inherently brittle. Here, we demonstrate a unique water-based self-assembly approach that incorporates a diblock copolymer bearing electron- and ion-conducting blocks, poly(3-hexylthiophene)-block-poly(ethyleneoxide) (P3HT-b-PEO), with V2O5 to form a flexible, tough, carbon-free hybrid battery cathode. V2O5 is a promising lithium intercalation material, but it remains limited by its poor conductivity and mechanical properties. Our approach leads to a unique electrode structure consisting of interlocking V2O5 layers glued together with micellar aggregates of P3HT-b-PEO, which results in robust mechanical properties, far exceeding the those obtained from conventional fluoropolymer binders. Only 5 wt % polymer is required to triple the flexibility of V2O5, and electrodes comprised of 10 wt % polymer have unusually high toughness (293 kJ/m3) and specific energy (530 Wh/kg), both higher than reduced graphene oxide paper electrodes. Furthermore, addition of P3HT-b-PEO enhances lithium-ion diffusion, eliminates cracking during cycling, and boosts cyclability relative to V2O5 alone. These results highlight the importance of tradeoffs between mechanical and electrochemical performance, where polymer content can be used to tune both aspects.

  10. PDRD (SR13046) TRITIUM PRODUCTION FINAL REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, P.; Sheetz, S.

    2013-09-30

    Utilizing the results of Texas A&M University (TAMU) senior design projects on tritium production in four different small modular reactors (SMR), the Savannah River National Laboratory’s (SRNL) developed an optimization model evaluating tritium production versus uranium utilization under a FY2013 plant directed research development (PDRD) project. The model is a tool that can evaluate varying scenarios and various reactor designs to maximize the production of tritium per unit of unobligated United States (US) origin uranium that is in limited supply. The primary module in the model compares the consumption of uranium for various production reactors against the base case of Watts Bar I running a nominal load of 1,696 tritium producing burnable absorber rods (TPBARs) with an average refueling of 41,000 kg low enriched uranium (LEU) on an 18 month cycle. After inputting an initial year, starting inventory of unobligated uranium and tritium production forecast, the model will compare and contrast the depletion rate of the LEU between the entered alternatives. This is an annual tritium production rate of approximately 0.059 grams of tritium per kilogram of LEU (g-T/kg-LEU). To date, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) license has not been amended to accept a full load of TPBARs so the nominal tritium production has not yet been achieved. The alternatives currently loaded into the model include the three light water SMRs evaluated in TAMU senior projects including, mPower, Holtec and NuScale designs. Initial evaluations of tritium production in light water reactor (LWR) based SMRs using optimized loads TPBARs is on the order 0.02-0.06 grams of tritium per kilogram of LEU used. The TAMU students also chose to model tritium production in the GE-Hitachi SPRISM, a pooltype sodium fast reactor (SFR) utilizing a modified TPBAR type target. The team was unable to complete their project so no data is available. In order to include results from a fast reactor, the SRNL Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) ran a Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP) model of a basic SFR for comparison. A 600MWth core surrounded by a lithium blanket produced approximately 1,000 grams of tritium annually with a 13% enriched, 6 year core. This is similar results to a mid-1990’s study where the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF), a 400 MWth reactor at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), could produce about 1,000 grams with an external lithium target. Normalized to the LWRs values, comparative tritium production for an SFR could be approximately 0.31 g-T/kg LEU.

  11. SU-E-CAMPUS-J-03: Commissioning of the On-Board Cone-Beam CT System Equipped On the Rotating Gantry of a Proton Therapy System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takao, S; Miyamoto, N; Matsuura, T; Toramatsu, C; Nihongi, H; Yamada, T; Umegaki, K; Shimizu, S; Shirato, H; Matsuda, K; Sasaki, T; Nagamine, Y; Baba, R; Umekawa, T

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Proton therapy requires highly-precise image guidance in patient setup to ensure accurate dose delivery. Cone-beam CT (CBCT) is expected to play an important role to reduce uncertainties in patient setup. Hokkaido University has developed a new proton therapy system dedicated to spot-scanning under a collaborative work with Hitachi Ltd. In our system, an orthogonal X-ray imaging system is mounted on a full-rotating gantry. On-board CBCT imaging is therefore available. We have conducted commissioning of the CBCT system for clinical use in proton therapy. Methods: The orthogonal X-ray imaging system, which consists of two sets of X-ray tubes and flat panel detectors (FPDs), are equipped on the rotating gantry. The FPDs are mounted on the proton beam nozzle and can be retracted when not in use. The distance between the X-ray source and the FPD is about 2.1 m. The maximum rotation speed of the gantry is 1 rpm, so CBCT images can be acquired in approximately 1 minute. The maximum reconstruction volume is nearly 40 cm in diameter and 20 cm in axial length. For commissioning of the CBCT system, mechanical accuracy of the rotating gantry first was evaluated. Imaging performance was examined via quantitative evaluation of image quality. Results: Through the mechanical test, the isocentricity of the gantry was confirmed to be less than 1 mm. Moreover, it was improved to 0.5 mm with an appropriate correction. The accurate rotation of the gantry contributes to the CBCT image quality. In the image quality test, objects with 7 line-pairs per cm, which corresponds to a line spacing of 0.071 cm, could be discerned. Spatial linearity and uniformity were also sufficient. Conclusion: Clinical commissioning of the on-board CBCT system for proton therapy was conducted, and CBCT images with sufficient quality were successfully obtained. This research was supported by the Cabinet Office, Government of Japan and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) through the Funding Program for World-Leading Innovative R and D on Science and Technology (FIRST Program), initiated by the Council for Science and Technology Policy (CSTP)

  12. Productivity improvement by frontier horizontal drilling in Italy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schenato, A.

    1995-12-31

    Italian domestic activity on horizontal wells has been specially addressed to carbonate reservoir and specifically targeted to re-entry in existing wells. The speech will focus on the specific experience matured in frontier applications in Italy, from 1989 with the short radius drain holes in Sicily, throughout world record deep water short radius in the southern part of Adriatic sea and depth world record medium radius in a HP/HT reservoir in the Po Valley. Production results will be reported as well as the achieved technological aspects.

  13. Tritiated Water Interaction with Stainless Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glen R. Longhurst

    2007-05-01

    Experiments conducted to study tritium permeation of stainless steel at ambient and elevated temperatures revealed that HT converts relatively quickly to HTO. Further, the HTO partial pressure contributes essentially equally with elemental tritium gas in driving permeation through the stainless steel. Such permeation appears to be due to dissociation of the water molecule on the hot stainless steel surface. There is an equilibrium concentration of HTO vapor above adsorbed gas on the walls of the experimental apparatus evident from freezing transients. The uptake process of tritium from the carrier gas involves both surface adsorption and isotopic exchange with surface bound water.

  14. Recent progress in the morphology of bulk heterojunction photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brady, Michael A.; Su, Gregory M.; Chabinyc, Michael L.

    2011-10-06

    A review of current research in the characterization of the morphology of semiconducting polymer:fullerene bulk heterojunctions (BHJs) is presented. BHJs are complex blends of polymers and fullerenes with nanostructures that are highly dependent on materials, processing conditions, and post-treatments to films. Recent work on the study of the morphology of BHJs is surveyed. Emphasis is placed on emerging work on BHJs of poly(3-hexylthiophene), P3HT, and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester, PCBM, along with BHJs of donoracceptor polymers that have high power conversion efficiency.

  15. Undercompensated Kondo Impurity with Quantum Critical Point

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlottmann, P.

    2000-02-14

    The low-temperature properties of a magnetic impurity of spin S interacting with an electron gas via anisotropic spin exchange are studied via Bethe's ansatz. For S>1/2 the impurity is only partially compensated at T=0 , leaving an effective spin that is neither integer nor half integer. The entropy has an essential singularity at H=T=0 , and the susceptibility and the specific heat follow power laws of H and T with nonuniversal exponents, which are the consequence of a quantum critical point. The results for the generalization to an arbitrary number of channels are also reported. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.

  16. Self-Propagating Molecular Assemblies as Interlayers for Efficient Inverted Build-Heterojunction Solar Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Motiei, L.; Yao, Y.; Choudhury, J.; Yan, Hao; Marks, Tobin J.; Van de Boom, M. E.; Facchetti, Antonio

    2010-09-15

    Here we report the first use of self-propagating molecule-based assemblies (SPMAs) as efficient electron-transporting layers for inverted organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells. P3HT-PCBM cells functionalized with optimized SPMAs exhibit power conversion efficiencies approaching 3.6% (open circuit voltage = 0.6 V) vs 1.5% and 2.4% for the bare ITO and Cs{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-coated devices, respectively. The dependence of cell response parameters on interlayer thickness is investigated, providing insight into how to further optimize device performance.

  17. TECHNICAL REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ADAMS, RICHARD D., PhD.

    2011-04-06

    Cadmium selenide nanoparticles and nanoclusters were prepared and added to polymer solar cells to improve their photon capture ability. These nanoparticles did exhibit some beneficial effects on the photon conversion efficiencies of selected polymer solar cells. Ternary bulk heterojunction systems based on composites of methyl viologen-doped, CdSe nanoparticles blended with poly (3-hexothiopene) (P3HT) and 6, 6-phenyl C{sub 61}-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) were also tested. It was found that the devices with methyl viologen-doped CdSe nanoparticles do produce more photocurrent in a region surrounding the absorption peak of the particles (560 to 660nm) when compared to pristine P3HT:PCBM devices. Gold nanorods were also prepared and tested in some solar cells. These nanorods did produce a very small enhancement in photon absorbance, but the observed increase the photon conversion efficiency was not sufficient to make the effort worthwhile. Our goals were (1) to prepare cadmium sulfide and cadmium selenide clusters and nanoparticles to be tested as photon absorbers to enhance the photon conversion efficiency of polymer solar polymer solar cells and (2) to prepare gold and silver nanorods to be added to polymer solar cells to enhance their photon capture capability. The cadmium sulfide and cadmium selenide nanoparticles and some new nanoclusters were prepared. The cadmium selenide nanoparticles were also tested in solar cells and did exhibit some positive effects when they were combined with certain co-absorbing polymers. Due to solubility problems that were not solved in the available time, the new nanoclusters were not tested in solar cells. Ternary bulk heterojunction systems based on composites of methyl viologen doped, CdSe nanoparticles blended with poly (3-hexothiopene) (P3HT) and 6, 6-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) have been examined in detail. The methyl viologen was added to promote charge separation of the initially formed excitons. It was found that the devices with CdSe produce more photocurrent in a region surrounding the absorption peak of the particles (560 to 660nm) when compared to a pristine P3HT:PCBM device. Gold nanorods were prepared and tested in some solar cells. These did show a very small enhancement in photon absorbance. However, the increase in short circuit current was negligible, which suggests that this antenna effect produces no significant increase in photocurrent generation. Efforts to synthesize niobium-doped zinc oxide nanoparticles for use in polymer solar polymer solar cells were also made. The nanoparticles were prepared, but they were not tested in the cells before the termination of the funding of the project.

  18. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LIBRA Specifications Resolution Point-to-Point 0.29 nm Information limit 0.19 nm Energy resolution 0.7 eV without monochromator 0.15 eV with monochromator STEM Spatial Resolution BF/DF 0.45 nm HAADF (attainable) 0.45 nm Electron emitter ZrO/W-field emitter system (Schottky) Illumination System Parallel wide field TEM mode 0.1 urad to 20 mrad illumination aperture Objective lens: HT objective Cs (Spherical aberration) 2.2 mm Cc (Chromatic aberration) 2.2 mm Specimen Stage Double tilt holder angle

  19. wjj42a6.tmp

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    DOIUEA-1300 X4%L!)y The Nevada Test Site Development Corporation's Desert Rock S& Park at the Nevada Test Site United 'StatesDepartment of Energy Nevada Operations Office Las Vegas, Nevada Available for public sale, in paper, from: U.S. Department of Commerce National Technical Information Service 5285 Port Royal Road Sprin@e14 VA 22161 Phone: (800) 553-6847 Fax: (703) 605-6900 Email: orders(i$ntis.fedworldgov Online ordering: ht@-Avww. ntis.govlorderihg. htm Available electronically at

  20. Please join us for a triple-header seminar organized around Modeling RNA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Protein/RNA Complexes | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource Please join us for a triple-header seminar organized around Modeling RNA and Protein/RNA Complexes Tuesday, November 13, 2012 - 11:15am SSRL, Bldg. 137-322 Speakers: Julie Bernauer, Debanu Das & Dimitar Pachov Program Description: 11:15-11:45 Julie Bernauer (INRIA AMIB Bioinfo) Multi-scale modeling for RNA structures: a challenge 11:45-12:00 Debanu Das (SSRL JSCG) Progress on HT-SB of Protein/Nucleic Acid complexes at

  1. Hyper-Threading

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hyper-Threading Hyper-Threading Edison includes Intel processors with Hyper-Threading Technology. When Hyper-Threading (HT) is enabled, the operating system recognizes each physical core as two logical cores. Each of the two logical cores has resources to store a program state, but they share most of their execution resources. Thus, two independent streams (i.e., processes or threads) can run simultaneously on the same physical core, but at roughly half the speed of a single stream. If a stream

  2. Flywheel energy storage advances using HTS bearings.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mulcahy, T. M.

    1998-09-11

    High-Temperature-Superconducting (HT) bearings have the potential to reduce idling losses and make flywheel energy storage economical. Demonstration of large, high-speed flywheels is key to market penetration. Toward this goal, a flywheel system has been developed and tested with 5-kg to 15-kg disk-shaped rotors. Rlm speeds exceeded 400 mls and stored energies were >80 W-hr. Test implementation required technological advances in nearly all aspects of the flywheel system. Features and limitations of the design and tests are discussed, especially those related to achieving additional energy storage.

  3. Microsoft PowerPoint - NEGTN02-#212413-v3-SMR_BRIEF_FOR_FULL_NEAC

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Modular Licensing Technical Support Program Update Program Update for Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee Rebecca Smith-Kevern Di t f Li ht W t R t T h l i Director for Light Water Reactor Technologies Office of Nuclear Energy U.S. Department of Energy June 12 2012 June 12, 2012 Why is the U.S. Government Interested in Supporting SMR Technologies? Supporting SMR Technologies? NE working definition of SMRs: reactor units with a nominal output of 300 MWe or less and

  4. Microsoft PowerPoint - 10_OGREN_ARM_AWG_IAP_200703.ppt [Compatibility Mode]

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In-situ Aerosol Profiling (IAP) * Objectives - obtain aerosol climatology aloft - determine relevance of surface climatology to vertical column * Measurements Li ht b ti tt i d - Light absorption, scattering, and hemispheric backscattering - RH-dependence of scattering - Temperature and RH Cessna 172XP 3/2000 - 6/2005 Temperature and RH - Flask samples for trace gases (CO 2 ) * Flights - 9 levels 0 5-3 7 km asl (172XP) - 9 levels, 0.5-3.7 km asl (172XP) - 12 levels, 0.5-4.6 km asl (206) -

  5. WAR DEPARTaMMeNT

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    i ..I WAR DEPARTaMMeNT Imentory~at ~etnl Bydridaa aa of 2i Js+ua?y is 20 toxss Bozml. .' imsntary Of 10 t0z.w allc7fs 10 tom as BX0683. p 5 Production of heels at Ravsre Coppsr & Brass Com_saay: ~ ExLrwion ia axpested to continua at 30 tons par waskand, whioh _ ..-,:~ is squix&mt to 130 tons per average nonth.Bcri;lg Febrmryx ht is estiziited ~.;'i thxt extrusionail be 6% on old specification bilf&a snd 30;; on nsv billets. It is estixstad or:ly nsa apasifioatim billets will be

  6. Lt.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    TJ3: 7-Z 2.u 7 ifp&i?: 9:. .$&q Lt. ~ 3," .z' b ( $ -&7 ;" i C$' d. , : e-. flp w EmfP af XXPW 3PWlJ DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DIVISION OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY BUREAU OF RADIATION PROTECTION 380 SCOTCH ROAD. TRENTON. N. J. 08628 December 21, 1978 Ms. Louisa Little Pierpont Associates, Inc. 405 Lexington Avenue New York City, New York 10017 Dear Ms. Little: The purpose of this letter is to inquire about the present status of the former M. hT. Kellogg site

  7. Single-walled carbon nanotube transparent conductive films fabricated by reductive dissolution and spray coating for organic photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ostfeld, Aminy E.; Arias, Ana Claudia; Catheline, Amlie; Ligsay, Kathleen; Kim, Kee-Chan; Fogden, Sin; Chen, Zhihua; Facchetti, Antonio

    2014-12-22

    Solutions of unbundled and unbroken single-walled carbon nanotubes have been prepared using a reductive dissolution process. Transparent conductive films spray-coated from these solutions show a nearly twofold improvement in the ratio of electrical conductivity to optical absorptivity versus those deposited from conventional aqueous dispersions, due to substantial de-aggregation and sizable nanotube lengths. These transparent electrodes have been utilized to fabricate P3HT-PCBM organic solar cells achieving power conversion efficiencies up to 2.3%, comparable to those of solar cells using indium tin oxide transparent electrodes.

  8. UTICA 4, NEW YORK COFIPOR~TION

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    DROf fORGE & TOOL UTICA 4, NEW YORK COFIPOR~TION PHONE 3- 2331 July 5, 1955 ?:r. E. J. Block Director of Production Division United Staton Atomic ::norgy Commission Yiashington, D. C. Dear Xr. 1310~1~: Xe had a visit last Thursday from Kr. R. C. Sale11 of the: Atomic Energy Commission who inspected our vacuum melting facilities. EIz suggested that we should get in touch with you and that you r+ht be interested in the use of our facilities for the i>roduction of uranium fuel elements. Xe

  9. Microsoft Word - SDS SRP 4 14 2014.docx

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Str rengthe Fede S ening L eral Mo Stand Safet Line Ma onitorin dard ty Des Apr i anagem g of Nu Revi sign S ril 2014 ment O uclear ew P Strate Oversig Facilitie Plan egy ht and es CD-0 OFF C FICE OF E S S C CD-1 ENVIRON Standard afety De ritical Decisi CD-2 A ii NMENTA d Review esign St ion (CD) App CD April 2014 AL MANA w Plan trategy plicability D-3 AGEMENT CD-4 T Post Operation iii FOREWORD The Chief of Nuclear Safety (CNS) is developing of series of Standard Review Plans (SRPs) to provide

  10. Microsoft PowerPoint - SRNL-STI-2013-00230 Rev1_Advances in TCAP.ppt

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Hydrogen Isotope Separation Using Thermal Cycling Absorption Process (TCAP) X. Steve Xiao Contributions: L.K. Heung, H.T. Sessions, S. Redd H 2 D 2 T 2 H 2 , D 2 , T 2 Hydrogen Isotope Separation Process H 2 D 2 T 2 H 2 D 2 T 2 H 2 D 2 T 2 H 2 , D 2 , T 2 Hydrogen Isotope Separation Process Hydrogen Isotope Separation Process 2 Hydrogen Isotope Separation Timeline Discovery of deuterium 1931 Discovery of tritium 1934 Isotope separation in SRS -Thermal diffusion 1957-1986 -Fractional absorption

  11. Hybrid Membrane/Absorption Process for Post-combustion CO2 Capture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Shiguang; Shou, S.; Pyrzynski, Travis; Makkuni, Ajay; Meyer, Howard

    2013-12-31

    This report summarizes scientific/technical progress made for bench-scale membrane contactor technology for post-combustion CO2 capture from DOE Contract No. DE-FE-0004787. Budget Period 1 (BP1) membrane absorber, Budget Period 2 (BP2) membrane desorber and Budget Period 3 (BP3) integrated system and field testing studies have been completed successfully and met or exceeded the technical targets (? 90% CO2 removal and CO2 purity of 97% in one membrane stage). Significant breakthroughs are summarized below: BP1 research: The feasibility of utilizing the poly (ether ether ketone), PEEK, based hollow fiber contractor (HFC) in combination with chemical solvents to separate and capture at least 90% of the CO2 from simulated flue gases has been successfully established. Excellent progress has been made as we have achieved the BP1 goal: ? 1,000 membrane intrinsic CO2 permeance, ? 90% CO2 removal in one stage, ? 2 psi gas side pressure drop, and ? 1 (sec)-1 mass transfer coefficient. Initial test results also show that the CO2 capture performance, using activated Methyl Diethanol Amine (aMDEA) solvent, was not affected by flue gas contaminants O2 (~3%), NO2 (66 ppmv), and SO2 (145 ppmv). BP2 research: The feasibility of utilizing the PEEK HFC for CO2-loaded solvent regeneration has been successfully established High CO2 stripping flux, one order of magnitude higher than CO2 absorption flux, have been achieved. Refined economic evaluation based on BP1 membrane absorber and BP2 membrane desorber laboratory test data indicate that the CO2 capture costs are 36% lower than DOEs benchmark amine absorption technology. BP3 research: A bench-scale system utilizing a membrane absorber and desorber was integrated into a continuous CO2 capture process using contactors containing 10 to 20 ft2 of membrane area. The integrated process operation was stable through a 100-hour laboratory test, utilizing a simulated flue gas stream. Greater than 90% CO2 capture combined with 97% CO2 product purity was achieved throughout the test. Membrane contactor modules have been scaled from bench scale 2-inch diameter by 12-inch long (20 ft2 membrane surface area) modules to 4-inch diameter by 60-inch long pilot scale modules (165 ft2 membrane surface area). Pilot scale modules were tested in an integrated absorption/regeneration system for CO2 capture field tests at a coal-fired power plant (Midwest Generations Will County Station located in Romeoville, IL). Absorption and regeneration contactors were constructed utilizing high performance super-hydrophobic, nano-porous PEEK membranes with CO2 gas permeance of 2,000 GPU and a 1,000 GPU, respectively. Field tests using aMDEA solvent achieved greater than 90% CO2 removal in a single stage. The absorption mass transfer coefficient was 1.2 (sec)-1, exceeding the initial target of 1.0 (sec)-1. This mass transfer coefficient is over one order of magnitude greater than that of conventional gas/liquid contacting equipment. The economic evaluation based on field tests data indicates that the CO2 capture cost associated with membrane contactor technology is $54.69 (Yr 2011$)/tonne of CO2 captured when using aMDEA as a solvent. It is projected that the DOEs 2025 cost goal of $40 (Yr 2011$)/tonne of CO2 captured can be met by decreasing membrane module cost and by utilizing advanced CO2 capture solvents. In the second stage of the field test, an advanced solvent, Hitachis H3-1 was utilized. The use of H3-1 solvent increased mass transfer coefficient by 17% as compared to aMDEA solvent. The high mass transfer coefficient of H3-1 solvent combined with much more favorable solvent regeneration requirements, indicate that the projected savings achievable with membrane contactor process can be further improved. H3-1 solvent will be used in the next pilot-scale development phase. The integrated absorption/regeneration process design and high performance membrane contactors developed in the current bench-scale program will be used as the base technology for future pilot-scale development.

  12. Electronic structure of disordered conjugated polymers: Polythiophenes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vukmirovic, Nenad; Wang, Lin-Wang

    2008-11-26

    Electronic structure of disordered semiconducting conjugated polymers was studied. Atomic structure was found from a classical molecular dynamics simulation and the charge patching method was used to calculate the electronic structure with the accuracy similar to the one of density functional theory in local density approximation. The total density of states, the local density of states at different points in the system and the wavefunctions of several states around the gap were calculated in the case of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and polythiophene (PT) systems to gain insight into the origin of disorder in the system, the degree of carrier localization and the role of chain interactions. The results indicated that disorder in the electronic structure of alkyl substituted polythiophenes comes from disorder in the conformation of individualchains, while in the case of polythiophene there is an additional contribution due to disorder in the electronic coupling between the chains. Each of the first several wavefunctions in the conduction and valence band of P3HT is localized over several rings of a single chain. It was shown that the localization can be caused in principle both by ring torsions and chain bending, however the effect of ring torsions is much stronger. PT wavefunctions are more complicated due to larger interchain electronic coupling and are not necessarily localized on a single chain.

  13. Enzyme-Directed Assembly of Nanoparticles in Tumors Monitored by In Vivo Whole Animal and Ex Vivo Super-Resolution Fluorescence Imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chien, Miao-Ping; Carlini, Andrea S.; Hu, Dehong; Barback, Christopher V.; Rush, Anthony M.; Hall, David J.; Orr, Galya; Gianneschi, Nathan C.

    2013-12-18

    Matrix metalloproteinase enzymes, overexpressed in HT-1080 human fibrocarcinoma tumors, were used to guide the accumulation and retention of an enzyme-responsive nanoparticle in a xenograft mouse model. The nanoparticles were prepared as micelles from amphiphilic block copolymers bearing a simple hydrophobic block, and a hydrophilic peptide brush. The polymers were end-labeled with Alexa Fluor 647 dyes leading to the formation of labeled micelles upon dialysis of the polymers from DMSO to aqueous buffer. This dye-labeling strategy allowed the presence of the retained material to be visualized via whole animal imaging in vivo, and in ex vivo organ analysis following intratumoral injection into HT-1080 xenograft tumors. We propose that the material is retained by virtue of an enzyme-induced accumulation process whereby particles change morphology from 20 nm spherical micelles to micron-scale aggregates, kinetically trapping them within the tumor. This hypothesis is tested here via an unprecedented super resolution fluorescence analysis of ex vivo tissue slices confirming a particle size increase occurs concomitantly with extended retention of responsive particles compared to unresponsive controls.

  14. A flowing liquid lithium limiter for the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ren, J.; Zuo, G. Z.; Hu, J. S.; Sun, Z.; Yang, Q. X.; Li, J. G.; Xie, H.; Chen, Z. X.; Zakharov, L. E.

    2015-02-15

    A program involving the extensive and systematic use of lithium (Li) as a first, or plasma-facing, surface in Tokamak fusion research devices located at Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, was started in 2009. Many remarkable results have been obtained by the application of Li coatings in Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) and liquid Li limiters in the HT-7 Tokamakboth located at the institute. In furtherance of the lithium program, a flowing liquid lithium (FLiLi) limiter system has been designed and manufactured for EAST. The design of the FLiLi limiter is based on the concept of a thin flowing film which was previously tested in HT-7. Exploiting the capabilities of the existing material and plasma evaluation system on EAST, the limiter will be pre-wetted with Li and mechanically translated to the edge of EAST during plasma discharges. The limiter will employ a novel electro-magnetic pump which is designed to drive liquid Li flow from a collector at the bottom of limiter into a distributor at its top, and thus supply a continuously flowing liquid Li film to the wetted plasma-facing surface. This paper focuses on the major design elements of the FLiLi limiter. In addition, a simulation of incoming heat flux has shown that the distribution of heat flux on the limiter surface is acceptable for a future test of power extraction on EAST.

  15. Effect of annealing on graphene incorporated poly-(3-hexylthiophene):CuInS{sub 2} photovoltaic device

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumari, Anita Dixit, Shiv Kumar; Singh, Inderpreet

    2014-10-15

    The effect of thermal annealing on the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT):CuInS{sub 2} quantum dot:graphene photovoltaic device has been studied by analyzing optical characteristics of composite films and electrical characteristics of the device with structure indium tin oxide/poly[ethylene dioxythiophene]:poly[styrene sulfonate] (ITO/PEDOT:PSS)/P3HT:CIS:graphene/LiF/aluminum. It was observed that after annealing at 120°C for 15 min a typical device containing 0.005 % w/w of graphene shows the best performance with a PCE of 1.3%, an open-circuit voltage of 0.44V, a short-circuit current density of 7.6 mA/cm{sup 2}, and a fill factor of 0.39. It is observed that the thermal annealing considerably enhances the efficiency of solar cells. However, an annealing at higher temperature such as at 140°C results in a decrease in the device efficiency.

  16. Cell diameter measurements obtained with a handheld cell counter could be used as a surrogate marker of G2/M arrest and apoptosis in colon cancer cell lines exposed to SN-38

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tahara, Makiko; Inoue, Takeshi; Fujii, Hirofumi; Kotake, Kenjiro; Sugano, Kokichi

    2013-05-17

    Highlights: Chemo-sensitivity to SN-38 was assayed by the automated cell counter. Colon cancer cell line, HCT116 cells were more sensitive to SN-38 than HT29 cells. Increase of cell size reflects G2/M arrest. Appearance of small particles indicates cell apoptosis. -- Abstract: In vitro assessment of chemosensitivity are important for experiments evaluating cancer therapies. The Scepter 2.0 cell counter, an automated handheld device based on the Coulter principle of impedance-based particle detection, enables the accurate discrimination of cell populations according to cell size and volume. In this study, the effects of SN-38, the active metabolite of irinotecan, on the colon cancer cell lines HCT116 and HT29 were evaluated using this device. The cell count data obtained with the Scepter counter were compared with those obtained with the {sup 3}H-thymidine uptake assay, which has been used to measure cell proliferation in many previous studies. In addition, we examined whether the changes in the size distributions of these cells reflected alterations in the frequency of cell cycle arrest and/or apoptosis induced by SN-38 treatment. In our experiments using the Scepter 2.0 cell counter, the cell counts were demonstrated to be accurate and reproducible measure and alterations of cell diameter reflected G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Our data show that easy-to-use cell counting tools can be utilized to evaluate the cell-killing effects of novel treatments on cancer cells in vitro.

  17. Sexual Function After Three-Dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer: Results From a Dose-Escalation Trial

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wielen, Gerard J. van der [Department of Radiation Oncology, Erasmus MC-Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center, Rotterdam (Netherlands)]. E-mail: g.vanderwielen@erasmusmc.nl; Putten, Wim van [Department of Biostatistics, Erasmus MC-Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Incrocci, Luca [Department of Radiation Oncology, Erasmus MC-Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2007-06-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to provide information about sexual function (SF) after three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) for prostate cancer while taking important factors into account that influence SF. Methods and Materials: Between June 1997 and February 2003, a total of 268 patients from a randomized dose-escalation trial comparing 68 Gy and 78 Gy agreed to participate in an additional part of the trial that evaluated SF. Results: At baseline 28% of patients had erectile dysfunction (ED). After 1 year, 27% of the pretreatment potent patients had developed ED. After 2 years this percentage had increased to 36%. After 3 years it almost stabilized at 38%. Satisfaction with sexual life was significantly correlated with ED. After 2 years one third of the pre-treatment potent patients still had considerable to very much sexual desire and found sex (very) important. No significant differences were found between the two dose-arms. Potency aids were used on a regular base by 14% of the patients. Conclusion: By taking adjuvant hormonal therapy (HT), HT during follow-up and potency aids into account, we found a lower percentage of ED after 3D-CRT than reported in previous prospective studies. A large group of patients still had sexual desire, considered sex important and 14% used potency aids after 3D-CRT.

  18. Enhanced irreversibility by crystal defects in the Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salem-Sugui, S. Jr.; Shi, Donglu; McFarland, S.E.

    1991-04-01

    We measured magnetic irreversibility, H*(T), in liquid-quenched Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O samples with various microstructures at high applied field (up to 7 T). We found that H*(T) is considerably increased in the Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}Ca{sub 3}Cu{sub 4}O{sub x} (2234) sample with a large amount of crystal defects, including severe lattice distortion and calcium and copper rich precipitates. We argue that the lattice distortion may affect the degree of anisotropy and the Josephson coupling between the Cu-O layers, which in turn enhance the irreversibility in the Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O system. A critical current density, J{sub c}, of 8 {times} 10{sup 4} A/cm{sup 2} at 8 kG and 40 K was obtained in the 2234 sample with many defects, while the J{sub c} dropped significantly at the same temperature and field in the near stoichiometry Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub x} (2223) sample with a uniform microstructure.

  19. Measurements of Photo-induced Changes in Conjugated Polymers

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    Seager, C. H.; Sinclair, M. B.; Mc Branch, D.; Heeger, A. J.; Baker, G. L.

    1991-01-01

    We have used the highly sensitive technique of Photothermal Deflection Spectroscopy (PDS) to measure changes in the infrared absorption spectra of MEHPPV, P3HT and Polydiacetylene-4BCMU induced by pumping these polymers with light above the {pi} - {pi}* transition energy. In contrast to previous chopped light transmission measurements of these effects, the PDS technique can directly measure the buildup or decay of the absorption coefficient, {alpha}, on the time scale of second to days. In the case of MEHPPV we observe that the time scale of seconds to days. In the case of MEHPPV we observe that above-gap light causes the appearance of a broad infrared peak in {alpha}, which continues to grow-in hours after the pump light is first applied. For this polymer the general shape of the absorption spectra in the unpumped state mimics the photo-induced changes, suggesting that remnant photo-induced states determine the maximum transparency observed under normal experimental conditions. For P3HT and to a lesser extent, MEHPPV, we also observe irreversible photo-induced absorption components which we tentatively identify with photo-induced oxidation of the polymer matrix.

  20. The effects of UCP-1 polymorphisms on obesity phenotypes among Korean female subjects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shin, Hyoung Doo; Kim, Kil Soo; Cha, Min Ho; Yoon, Yoosik . E-mail: ysyoon66@naver.com

    2005-09-23

    Three SNPs of UCP-1 including A-3826G, A-1766G, and Ala64Thr (G+1068A) were genotyped among 453 overweight Korean female subjects recruited from an obesity clinic. Four common haplotypes with frequency greater than 0.04 were constructed with three SNPs. For an accurate evaluation of the effects of UCP-1 polymorphism on body fat accumulation, all subjects were tested using computerized tomography to measure the cross-sectional fat tissue areas at abdominal and distal part of the body. By statistical analyses, ht4[GAA] showed a significant association with decreased abdominal fat tissue area (P = 0.02, dominant model), fat tissue area at thigh (P = 0.008, dominant model), body fat mass (P = 0.002, dominant model), and waist-to-hip ratio (P = 0.01, dominant model). In addition, ht3[GAG] was associated with the accelerated reduction of waist-to-hip ratio and body fat mass by very low calorie diet among subjects who finished one-month-weight control program (P = 0.05-0.006)

  1. Report on sodium compatibility of advanced structural materials.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, M.; Natesan, K.; Momozaki, Y.; Rink, D.L.; Soppet, W.K.; Listwan, J.T.

    2012-07-09

    This report provides an update on the evaluation of sodium compatibility of advanced structural materials. The report is a deliverable (level 3) in FY11 (M3A11AN04030403), under the Work Package A-11AN040304, 'Sodium Compatibility of Advanced Structural Materials' performed by Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), as part of Advanced Structural Materials Program for the Advanced Reactor Concepts. This work package supports the advanced structural materials development by providing corrosion and tensile data from the standpoint of sodium compatibility of advanced structural alloys. The scope of work involves exposure of advanced structural alloys such as G92, mod.9Cr-1Mo (G91) ferritic-martensitic steels and HT-UPS austenitic stainless steels to a flowing sodium environment with controlled impurity concentrations. The exposed specimens are analyzed for their corrosion performance, microstructural changes, and tensile behavior. Previous reports examined the thermodynamic and kinetic factors involved in the purity of liquid sodium coolant for sodium reactor applications as well as the design, fabrication, and construction of a forced convection sodium loop for sodium compatibility studies of advanced materials. This report presents the results on corrosion performance, microstructure, and tensile properties of advanced ferritic-martensitic and austenitic alloys exposed to liquid sodium at 550 C for up to 2700 h and at 650 C for up to 5064 h in the forced convection sodium loop. The oxygen content of sodium was controlled by the cold-trapping method to achieve {approx}1 wppm oxygen level. Four alloys were examined, G92 in the normalized and tempered condition (H1 G92), G92 in the cold-rolled condition (H2 G92), G91 in the normalized and tempered condition, and hot-rolled HT-UPS. G91 was included as a reference to compare with advanced alloy, G92. It was found that all four alloys showed weight loss after sodium exposures at 550 and 650 C. The weight loss of the four alloys was comparable after sodium exposures at 550 C; the weight loss of ferritic-martensitic steels, G92 and G91 is more significant than that of austenitic stainless steel, HT-UPS after sodium exposures at 650 C. Sodium exposures up to 2700 h at 550 C had no significant influence on tensile properties, while sodium exposures up to 5064 h at 650 C dramatically lowered the tensile strengths of the four alloys. The ultimate tensile strength of H1 G92, H2 G92, and G91 ferritic-martensitic steels was reduced to as much as nearly half of its initial value after sodium exposures at 650 C. Though the uniform elongation was recovered to some extent, these three ferritic-martensitic steels showed considerable strain softening after sodium exposures. The yield stress of HT-UPS austenitic stainless steel increased, the ultimate tensile strength decreased, and the total elongation was reduced after sodium exposures at 650 C. The dynamic strain aging effect observed in the as-received HT-UPS specimens became less pronounced after sodium exposures at 650 C. Microstructural characterization of sodium-exposed specimens showed no appreciable surface deterioration or grain structure changes under an optical microscope, except for the H2 G92 steel, in which the martensite structure transformed to large grain ferrite after sodium exposures at 650 C. TEM observations of the sodium-exposed H2 G92 steel showed significant recrystallization after sodium exposure for 2700 h at 550 C, and transformation of martensite to ferrite and high density of precipitates in nearly dislocation-free matrix after sodium exposures at 650 C. Further microstructural analysis and evaluation of decarburization/carburization behavior is needed to understand the dramatic changes in the tensile strengths of advanced ferritic-martensitic and austenitic steels after sodium exposures at 650 C.

  2. Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer: Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy to Monitor Prostate Response to Therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Valentini, Anna Lia; Gui, Benedetta; D'Agostino, Giuseppe Roberto; Mattiucci, Giancarlo; Clementi, Valeria; Di Molfetta, Ippolita Valentina; Bonomo, Pierluigi; Mantini, Giovanna

    2012-11-01

    Purpose: To correlate results of three-dimensional magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels and time since external beam irradiation (EBRT) in patients treated with long-term hormone therapy (HT) and EBRT for locally advanced disease to verify successful treatment by documenting the achievement of metabolic atrophy (MA). Methods and Materials: Between 2006 and 2008, 109 patients were consecutively enrolled. MA was assessed by choline and citrate peak area-to-noise-ratio <5:1. Cancerous metabolism (CM) was defined by choline-to-creatine ratio >1.5:1 or choline signal-to-noise-ratio >5:1. To test the strength of association between MRSI results and the time elapsed since EBRT (TEFRT), PSA levels, Gleason score (GS), and stage, logistic regression (LR) was performed. p value <0.05 was statistically significant. The patients' outcomes were verified in 2011. Results: MRSI documented MA in 84 of 109 and CM in 25 of 109 cases. LR showed that age, GS, stage, and initial and recent PSA had no significant impact on MRSI results which were significantly related to PSA values at the time of MRSI and to TEFRT. Patients were divided into three groups according to TEFRT: <1 year, 1-2 years, and >2 years. MA was detected in 54.1% of patients of group 1, 88.9% of group 2, and in 94.5% of group 3 (100% when PSA nadir was reached). CM was detected in 50% of patients with reached PSA nadir in group 1. Local relapse was found in 3 patients previously showing CM at long TEFRT. Conclusion: MA detection, indicative of successful treatment because growth of normal or abnormal cells cannot occur without metabolism, increases with decreasing PSA levels and increasing time on HT after EBRT. This supports long-term HT in advanced prostate cancer. Larger study series are needed to assess whether MRSI could predict local relapse by detecting CM at long TEFRT.

  3. EFFECTS OF TRITIUM GAS EXPOSURE ON THE DYNAMIC MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF EPDM ELASTOMER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, E; Gregory Staack, G

    2007-08-13

    Samples of ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) elastomer were exposed to tritium gas in closed containers initially at 101 kPa (1 atmosphere) pressure and ambient temperature for about one week. Tritium exposure effects on the samples were characterized by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) and radiolysis products were characterized by measuring the total final pressure and composition in the exposure containers at the end of exposure period. There was no effect of one week tritium exposure on the glass transition temperature, Tg, of the samples tested. Impurity gases produced in the closed containers included HT and lesser amounts of H{sub 2}, DTO, and CT{sub 4}. The total pressure remained the same during exposure.

  4. Optimisation of the material properties of indium tin oxide layers for use in organic photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doggart, P.; Bristow, N.; Kettle, J.

    2014-09-14

    The influence of indium tin oxide [(In{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Sn), ITO] material properties on the output performance of organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices has been modelled and investigated. In particular, the effect of altering carrier concentration (n), thickness (t), and mobility (?{sub e}) in ITO films and their impact on the optical performance, parasitic resistances and overall efficiency in OPVs was studied. This enables optimal values of these parameters to be calculated for solar cells made with P3HT:PC{sub 61}BM and PCPDTBT:PC{sub 71}BM active layers. The optimal values of n, t and ?{sub e} are not constant between different OPV active layers and depend on the absorption spectrum of the underlying active layer material system. Consequently, design rules for these optimal values as a function of donor bandgap in bulk-heterojunction active layers have been formulated.

  5. High-Performance All Air-Processed Polymer-Fullerene Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Black, C.T.; Nam, C.-Y.; Su, D.

    2009-10-23

    High photovoltaic device performance is demonstrated in ambient-air-processed bulk heterojunction solar cells having an active blend layer of organic poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT): [6,6]-phenyl-C{sub 61}-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM), with power conversion efficiencies as high as 4.1%, which is comparable to state-of-the-art bulk heterojunction devices fabricated in air-free environments. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy is combined with detailed analysis of electronic carrier transport in order to quantitatively understand the effects of oxygen exposure and different thermal treatments on electronic conduction through the highly nanostructured active blend network. Improvement in photovoltaic device performance by suitable post-fabrication thermal processing results from the reduced oxygen charge trap density in the active blend layer and is consistent with a corresponding slight increase in thickness of an {approx}4 nm aluminum oxide hole-blocking layer present at the electron-collecting contact interface.

  6. Compact hydrogen/helium isotope mass spectrometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Funsten, Herbert O. (Los Alamos, NM); McComas, David J. (Los Alamos, NM); Scime, Earl E. (Morgantown, WV)

    1996-01-01

    The compact hydrogen and helium isotope mass spectrometer of the present invention combines low mass-resolution ion mass spectrometry and beam-foil interaction technology to unambiguously detect and quantify deuterium (D), tritium (T), hydrogen molecule (H.sub.2, HD, D.sub.2, HT, DT, and T.sub.2), .sup.3 He, and .sup.4 He concentrations and concentration variations. The spectrometer provides real-time, high sensitivity, and high accuracy measurements. Currently, no fieldable D or molecular speciation detectors exist. Furthermore, the present spectrometer has a significant advantage over traditional T detectors: no confusion of the measurements by other beta-emitters, and complete separation of atomic and molecular species of equivalent atomic mass (e.g., HD and .sup.3 He).

  7. Process improvement studies on the Battelle Hydrothermal Coal Process. Final report, April 1978-April 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stambaugh, E.P.; Miller, J.F.; Conkle, H.N.; Mezey, E.J.; Smith, R.K.

    1985-06-01

    The report gives results of a study to improve the economic viability of the Battelle Hydrothermal (HT) Coal Process by reducing the costs associated with liquid/solid separation and leachant regeneration. Laboratory experiments were conducted to evaluate process improvements for (1) separating the spent leachant and residual sodium from the coal product, (2) reducing the moisture content of the coal product, and (3) regenerating the leachant. In addition, coal desulfurization experiments were performed and economic studies were conducted to evaluate the impacts of process improvements on coal desulfurization costs. Using countercurrent washing, the optimum washing circuit was composed of four disc-filter stages, six belt-filter stages to separate spent leachant and sodium from the clean coal, and a centrifuge stage to dewater the coal. Several regenerates were found to be effective in removing greater than about 85% of the total sulfide sulfur from the spent leachant: iron carbonate was the leading candidate.

  8. A=5H (1984AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4AJ01) (Not illustrated) Attempts to study this nucleus in the 3H(t, p), 7Li(6Li, 8B) and 9Be(α, 8Be) reactions, as well as in 7Li + π- have been unsuccessful: no sharp states are observed [see (1974AJ01, 1979AJ01)]. A recent study of the spectrum of π+ from 7Li + π- suggests that 5H may be nearly stable to decay into 3H + 2n (1981SE1J). The work of (1967AD05) on the 3He(3He, n)5Be reaction suggested, on the basis of analog considerations, that 5H is unstable by more than 2.1 MeV to decay

  9. High Efficiency Organic Solar Cells: December 16, 2009 - February 2, 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, K.; Joslin, S.

    2011-05-01

    Details on the development of novel organic solar cells incorporating Trimetasphere based acceptors are presented including: baseline performance for Lu-PCBEH acceptor blended with P3HT demonstrated at 4.89% PCE exceeding the 4.5% PCE goal; an increase of over 250mV in Voc was demonstrated for Lu-PCBEH blended with low band gap polymers compared to a comparable C60-PCBM device. The actual Voc was certified at 260mV higher for a low band gap polymer device using the Lu-PCBEH acceptor; and the majority of the effort was focused on development of a device with over 7% PCE. While low current and fill factors suppressed overall device performance for the low band gap polymers tested, significant discoveries were made that point the way for future development of these novel acceptor materials.

  10. Material options for a commercial fusion reactor first wall

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dabiri, A.E.

    1986-05-01

    A study has been conducted to evaluate the potential of various materials for use as first walls in high-power-density commercial fusion reactors. Operating limits for each material were obtained based on a number of criteria, including maximum allowable structural temperatures, critical heat flux, ultimate tensile strength, and design-allowable stress. The results with water as a coolant indicate that a modified alloy similar to HT-9 may be a suitable candidate for low- and medium-power-density reactor first walls with neutron loads of up to 6 MW/m/sup 2/. A vanadium or copper alloy must be used for high-power-density reactors. The neutron wall load limit for vanadium alloys is about 14 MW/sup 2/, provided a suitable coating material is chosen. The extremely limited data base for radiation effects hinders any quantitative assessment of the limits for copper alloys.

  11. More stable hybrid organic solar cells deposited on amorphous Si electron transfer layer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samiee, Mehran; Modtland, Brian; Dalal, Vikram L.; Aidarkhanov, Damir

    2014-05-26

    We report on defect densities, performance, and stability of organic/inorganic hybrid solar cells produced using n-doped inorganic amorphous silicon-carbide layers as the electron transport layer (ETL). The organic material was poly-3-hexyl-thiophene (P3HT) and heterojunction was formed using phenyl-C{sub 71}-Butyric-Acid-Methyl Ester (PCBM). For comparison, inverted solar cells fabricated using Cs{sub 2}CO{sub 3} as ETL were fabricated. Defect densities and subgap quantum efficiency curves were found to be nearly identical for both types of cells. The cells were subjected to 2xsun illumination and it was found that the cells produced using doped a-Si as ETL were much more stable than the cells produced using Cs{sub 2}CO{sub 3}.

  12. Origin of the positive spin-12 photoluminescence-detected magnetic resonance in π-conjugated materials and devices

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chen, Ying; Cai, Min; Hellerich, Emily; Shinar, Ruth; Shinar, Joseph

    2015-09-02

    The spin-1/2 single-modulation (SM) and double-modulation (DM) photoluminescence (PL) detected magnetic resonance (PLDMR) in poly(2-methoxy-5-(2'-ethyl)–hexoxy-1,4- phenylene vinylene) (MEH-PPV) films and poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) films is described, analyzed, and discussed. In particular, the models based on spin-dependent recombination of charge pairs (SDR) and triplet-polaron quenching (TPQ) are evaluated. By analyzing the dependence of the resonance amplitude on the microwave chopping (modulation) frequency using rate equations, it is demonstrated that the TPQ model can well explain the observed resonance behavior, while SDR model cannot reproduce the results of the observed DM-PLDMR. As a result, the observed spin-1/2 PLDMR is assigned to TPQ rathermore » than SDR, even though the latter may also be present.« less

  13. Shifting of infrared radiation using rotational raman resonances in diatomic molecular gases

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kurnit, Norman A. (Santa Fe, NM)

    1980-01-01

    A device for shifting the frequency of infrared radiation from a CO.sub.2 laser by stimulated Raman scattering in either H.sub.2 or D.sub.2. The device of the preferred embodiment comprises an H.sub.2 Raman laser having dichroic mirrors which are reflective for 16 .mu.m radiation and transmittive for 10 .mu.m, disposed at opposite ends of an interaction cell. The interaction cell contains a diatomic molecular gas, e.g., H.sub.2, D.sub.2, T.sub.2, HD, HT, DT and a capillary waveguide disposed within the cell. A liquid nitrogen jacket is provided around the capillary waveguide for the purpose of cooling. In another embodiment the input CO.sub.2 radiation is circularly polarized using a Fresnel rhomb .lambda./4 plate and applied to an interaction cell of much longer length for single pass operation.

  14. Understanding S-shaped current-voltage characteristics of organic solar cells: Direct measurement of potential distributions by scanning Kelvin probe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saive, Rebecca Kowalsky, Wolfgang; Institut fr Hochfrequenztechnik, TU Braunschweig, 38106 Braunschweig; Kirchhoff-Institute for Physics, Heidelberg University, 69120 Heidelberg ; Mueller, Christian; Kirchhoff-Institute for Physics, Heidelberg University, 69120 Heidelberg ; Schinke, Janusz; Lovrincic, Robert; Institut fr Hochfrequenztechnik, TU Braunschweig, 38106 Braunschweig

    2013-12-09

    We present a comparison of the potential distribution along the cross section of bilayer poly(3-hexylthiophene)/1-(3-methoxycarbonyl)propyl-1-phenyl[6,6]C61 (P3HT/PCBM) solar cells, which show normal and anomalous, S-shaped current-voltage (IV) characteristics. We expose the cross sections of the devices with a focussed ion beam and measure them with scanning Kelvin probe microscopy. We find that in the case of S-shaped IV-characteristics, there is a huge potential drop at the PCBM/Al top contact, which does not occur in solar cells with normal IV-characteristics. This behavior confirms the assumption that S-shaped curves are caused by hindered charge transport at interfaces.

  15. Differential atmospheric tritium sampler

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Griesbach, Otto A. (Langhorne, PA); Stencel, Joseph R. (Skillman, NJ)

    1990-01-01

    An atmospheric tritium sampler is provided which uses a carrier gas comprised of hydrogen gas and a diluting gas, mixed in a nonexplosive concentration. Sample air and carrier gas are drawn into and mixed in a manifold. A regulator meters the carrier gas flow to the manifold. The air sample/carrier gas mixture is pulled through a first moisture trap which adsorbs water from the air sample. The mixture then passes through a combustion chamber where hydrogen gas in the form of H.sub.2 or HT is combusted into water. The manufactured water is transported by the air stream to a second moisture trap where it is adsorbed. The air is then discharged back into the atmosphere by means of a pump.

  16. Effect of temperature on carrier formation efficiency in organic photovoltaic cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moritomo, Yutaka Yonezawa, Kouhei; Yasuda, Takeshi

    2014-08-18

    The internal quantum efficiency (?{sub IQ}) of an organic photovoltaic cell is governed by plural processes. Here, we propose that ?{sub IQ} can be experimentally decomposed into carrier formation (?{sub CF}) and carrier transfer (?{sub CT}) efficiencies. By combining femtosecond time-resolved and electrochemical spectroscopy, we clarified the effect of temperature on ?{sub CF} in a regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (rr-P3HT)/[6,6]-phenyl C{sub 61}-butyric acid methyl ester blend film. We found that ?{sub CF}?(=0.55) at 80?K is the same as that (=0.55) at 300?K. The temperature insensitivity of ?{sub CF} indicates that the electron-hole pairs at the D/A interface are seldom subjected to coulombic binding energy.

  17. OAiC RiDGE NATIONAL LABORAl-ORY LKCKKBSP HAITI MANA%ED AND OPERATED BY

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    OH42 -7 / i3-y OAiC RiDGE NATIONAL LABORAl-ORY LKCKKBSP HAITI MANA%ED AND OPERATED BY vxKHEEpyARluEwERoY fEsEARcHcxHtPoM~RN R3RmEuMYED~Am DEPMl' MEU?#bBgKiY . ORNL/TpvI-12968 Results of the Independent Radiological Verification Survey of the Remedial Action l?erformed at the Former Alba Craft Laboratory Site Oxford, Ohio (0x0001) K. R. Kleinhans M. E. Murray R. F. Carrier - This report has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office

  18. Precise Predictions for W 4 Jet Production at the Large Hadron Collider

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berger, C.F.; Bern, Z.; Dixon, Lance J.; Cordero, F.Febres; Forde, D.; Gleisberg, T.; Ita, H.; Kosower, D.A.; Maitre, D.

    2010-09-14

    We present the first next-to-leading order QCD results for W + 4-jet production at hadron colliders. Total cross sections, as well as distributions in the jet transverse momenta and in the total transverse energy HT, are provided for the initial LHC energy of {radical}s = 7 TeV. We use a leading-color approximation, known to be accurate to 3% for W production with fewer jets. The virtual matrix elements and the most complicated real-emission matrix elements are handled by the BlackHat library, based on on-shell methods. The remaining parts of the calculation, including the integration over phase space, are performed by the SHERPA package.

  19. Differential atmospheric tritium sampler

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Griesbach, O.A.; Stencel, J.R.

    1987-10-02

    An atmospheric tritium sampler is provided which uses a carrier gas comprised of hydrogen gas and a diluting gas, mixed in a nonexplosive concentration. Sample air and carrier gas are drawn into and mixed in a manifold. A regulator meters the carrier gas flow to the manifold. The air sample/carrier gas mixture is pulled through a first moisture trap which adsorbs water from the air sample. The moisture then passes through a combustion chamber where hydrogen gas in the form of H/sub 2/ or HT is combusted into water. The manufactured water is transported by the air stream to a second moisture trap where it is adsorbed. The air is then discharged back into the atmosphere by means of a pump.

  20. B'. ~. ,* o

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    B'. ~. ,* o .,, ..... . :.....^ORL^ r . ....... :^q ;^1 - ! '' : . :' , ; i*: * . ,. td^ .. '...E *z '. e* ;f i ~ ~i'' .' '~ Ip^ E w ,,r,:,,~:. .' - _ ^ F 'CLASSIFICATICN CAN6i1 E'''/E''i'GL- 1943 tzse 1 Xr--| -^ -D^ |0 _;.,1 ~, ,t I *:t. . . '- ; *'*; i }.;r w ~*--W-- X'-y u.uti ' $l .' *h - .l *, ws^wf so , wr' W it PM* fi -a «Wt% t. o -wS * . StItiat hit . to ti . Rj s" pwtd t to WI wi 1i94 3 ,*t * I IA mWP at 6» u « h*t t$SU22owiW S a t vuft 1913"a. iwi VW ty U tjsas riu a l

  1. Y H-S I-H HATIOHAL LEAth~~Y~~OF' OtUO ' Industrial Hygiene No.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    H-S I-H HATIOHAL LEAth~~Y~~OF' OtUO ' Industrial Hygiene No. P.O. Box 158)At.' He&by~kation Sample Nos. ? Sk. 0 qq! Cinchnail 31;Obio Type of SampleCI" lz -- HEALTH AND SAFETY DIVISIQN Analyze for u Method &An.ly,i, ;i __ = - . -- Industrial Hygiene No. P.O. Box 158 Mt.~He&lly Qq99 Q' ' - Ciacian& 31. 01 Sample Nos. 992' I HtAL I H ANU SAFt H-S 1-H J MATI~ LEID-WAIJY. OF OIUO station rio Type of S&h d' r dQsr CYS ..- . . -.. ..- -. -- :TY DIVISICJN Analyze for d t I I I

  2. Characterization and comparative analysis of the tensile properties of five tempered martensitic steels and an oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic alloy irradiated at ?295C to ?6.5dpa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maloy, Stuart A.; Saleh, Tarik A.; Anderoglu, Osman; Romero, Tobias J.; Odette, G. Robert; Yamamoto, Takuya; Li, S.; Cole, James I.; Fielding, Randall

    2015-08-06

    Tensile test results at 25 and 300 C on five 9-12Cr tempered martensitic steels and one 14Cr oxide dispersion strengthened alloy, that were side-by side irradiated to 6.5 dpa at 295 C in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), are reported. The engineering stressstrain curves are analyzed to provide true stressstrain constitutive ?(?) laws for all of these alloys. In the irradiated condition, the ?(?) fall into categories of: strain softening, nearly perfectly plastic and strain hardening. Increases in yield stress (??y) and reductions in uniform strain ductility (eu) are observed, where as the latter can be understood in terms of the alloy's ?(?) behavior. Increases in the average ?(?) in the range of 010% strain are smaller than the corresponding ??y, and vary more from alloy to alloy. The data are analyzed to establish relations between ??y and coupled changes in the ultimate stresses as well as the effects of both test temperature and the unirradiated yield stress (?yu). The latter shows that higher ?yu correlates with lower ??y. In five out of six cases the effects of irradiation are generally consistent with previous observations on these alloys. However, the particular heat of the 12Cr HT-9 tempered martensitic steel in this study has a much higher eu than observed for earlier heats. The reasons for this improved behavior are not understood and may be microstructural in origin. However, it is noted that the new heat of HT-9, which was procured under modern quality assurance standards, has lower interstitial nitrogen than previous heats. Notably lower interstitial solute contents correlate with improved ductility and homogenous deformation in broadly similar steels.

  3. Search for production of vector-like quark pairs and of four top quarks in the lepton-plus-jets final state in pp collisions at √s = 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Aad, G.

    2015-08-20

    A search for pair production of vector-like quarks, both up-type (T) and down-type (B), as well as for four-top-quark production, is presented. The search is based on pp collisions at \\( \\sqrt{s}=8 \\) TeV recorded in 2012 with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb–1. Data are analysed in the lepton-plus-jets final state, characterised by an isolated electron or muon with high transverse momentum, large missing transverse momentum and multiple jets. Dedicated analyses are performed targeting three cases: a T quark with significant branching ratio to a W bosonmore » and a b-quark \\( \\left(T\\overline{T}\\to Wb+\\mathrm{X}\\right) \\), and both a T quark and a B quark with significant branching ratio to a Higgs boson and a third-generation quark (\\( T\\overline{T}\\to Ht+X\\;\\mathrm{and}\\;B\\overline{B}\\to Hb+\\mathrm{X} \\) respectively). No significant excess of events above the Standard Model expectation is observed, and 95% CL lower limits are derived on the masses of the vector-like T and B quarks under several branching ratio hypotheses assuming contributions from T → Wb, Zt, Ht and B → Wt, Zb, Hb decays. The 95% CL observed lower limits on the T quark mass range between 715 GeV and 950 GeV for all possible values of the branching ratios into the three decay modes, and are the most stringent constraints to date. In addition, the most restrictive upper bounds on four-top-quark production are set in a number of new physics scenarios.« less

  4. Quantitative comparison of organic photovoltaic bulk heterojunction photostability under laser illumination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesoine, Michael D.; Bobbitt, Jonathan M.; Carr, John A.; Elshobaki, Moneim; Chaudhary, Sumit; Smith, Emily A.

    2014-11-20

    The photostability of bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic films containing a polymer donor and a fullerene-derivative acceptor was examined using resonance Raman spectroscopy and controlled laser power densities. The polymer donors were poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT), poly[[9-(1-octylnonyl)-9H-carbazole-2,7-diyl]-2,5-thiophenediyl-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole-4,7-diyl-2,5-thiophenediyl] (PCDTBT), or poly({4,8-bis[(2-ethylhexyl)oxy]benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene-2,6-diyl}{3-fluoro-2-[(2-ethylhexyl)carbonyl]thieno[3,4-b]thiophenediyl}) (PTB7). Four sample preparation methods were studied: (i) thin or (ii) thick films with fast solvent evaporation under nitrogen, (iii) thick films with slow solvent evaporation under nitrogen, and (iv) thin films dried under nitrogen followed by thermal annealing. Polymer order was assessed by monitoring a Raman peaks full width at half-maximum and location as a function of illumination time and laser power densities from 2.5 103 to 2.5 105 W cm2. Resonance Raman spectroscopy measurements show that before prolonged illumination, PCDTBT and PTB7 have the same initial order for all preparation conditions, while P3HT order improves with slow solvent drying or thermal annealing. All films exhibited changes to bulk heterojunction structure with 2.5 105 Wcm2 laser illumination as measured by resonance Raman spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy images show evidence of sample heating that affects the polymer over an area greater than the illumination profile. Furthermore, photostability data are important for proper characterization by techniques involving illumination and the development of devices suitable for real-world applications.

  5. Quantitative comparison of organic photovoltaic bulk heterojunction photostability under laser illumination

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lesoine, Michael D.; Bobbitt, Jonathan M.; Carr, John A.; Elshobaki, Moneim; Chaudhary, Sumit; Smith, Emily A.

    2014-11-20

    The photostability of bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic films containing a polymer donor and a fullerene-derivative acceptor was examined using resonance Raman spectroscopy and controlled laser power densities. The polymer donors were poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT), poly[[9-(1-octylnonyl)-9H-carbazole-2,7-diyl]-2,5-thiophenediyl-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole-4,7-diyl-2,5-thiophenediyl] (PCDTBT), or poly({4,8-bis[(2-ethylhexyl)oxy]benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene-2,6-diyl}{3-fluoro-2-[(2-ethylhexyl)carbonyl]thieno[3,4-b]thiophenediyl}) (PTB7). Four sample preparation methods were studied: (i) thin or (ii) thick films with fast solvent evaporation under nitrogen, (iii) thick films with slow solvent evaporation under nitrogen, and (iv) thin films dried under nitrogen followed by thermal annealing. Polymer order was assessed by monitoring a Raman peak’s full width at half-maximum and location as a function of illumination time and laser powermore » densities from 2.5 × 103 to 2.5 × 105 W cm–2. Resonance Raman spectroscopy measurements show that before prolonged illumination, PCDTBT and PTB7 have the same initial order for all preparation conditions, while P3HT order improves with slow solvent drying or thermal annealing. All films exhibited changes to bulk heterojunction structure with 2.5 × 105 Wcm–2 laser illumination as measured by resonance Raman spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy images show evidence of sample heating that affects the polymer over an area greater than the illumination profile. Furthermore, photostability data are important for proper characterization by techniques involving illumination and the development of devices suitable for real-world applications.« less

  6. Characterization and comparative analysis of the tensile properties of five tempered martensitic steels and an oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic alloy irradiated at ≈295 °C to ≈6.5 dpa

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Maloy, Stuart A.; Saleh, Tarik A.; Anderoglu, Osman; Romero, Tobias J.; Odette, G. Robert; Yamamoto, Takuya; Li, S.; Cole, James I.; Fielding, Randall

    2015-08-06

    Tensile test results at 25 and 300 °C on five 9-12Cr tempered martensitic steels and one 14Cr oxide dispersion strengthened alloy, that were side-by side irradiated to 6.5 dpa at 295 °C in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), are reported. The engineering stress–strain curves are analyzed to provide true stress–strain constitutive σ(ε) laws for all of these alloys. In the irradiated condition, the σ(ε) fall into categories of: strain softening, nearly perfectly plastic and strain hardening. Increases in yield stress (Δσy) and reductions in uniform strain ductility (eu) are observed, where as the latter can be understood in terms ofmore » the alloy's σ(ε) behavior. Increases in the average σ(ε) in the range of 0–10% strain are smaller than the corresponding Δσy, and vary more from alloy to alloy. The data are analyzed to establish relations between Δσy and coupled changes in the ultimate stresses as well as the effects of both test temperature and the unirradiated yield stress (σyu). The latter shows that higher σyu correlates with lower Δσy. In five out of six cases the effects of irradiation are generally consistent with previous observations on these alloys. However, the particular heat of the 12Cr HT-9 tempered martensitic steel in this study has a much higher eu than observed for earlier heats. The reasons for this improved behavior are not understood and may be microstructural in origin. However, it is noted that the new heat of HT-9, which was procured under modern quality assurance standards, has lower interstitial nitrogen than previous heats. As a result, notably lower interstitial solute contents correlate with improved ductility and homogenous deformation in broadly similar steels.« less

  7. High-temperature low cycle fatigue behavior of a gray cast iron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fan, K.L. He, G.Q.; She, M.; Liu, X.S.; Lu, Q.; Yang, Y.; Tian, D.D.; Shen, Y.

    2014-12-15

    The strain controlled low cycle fatigue properties of the studied gray cast iron for engine cylinder blocks were investigated. At the same total strain amplitude, the low cycle fatigue life of the studied material at 523 K was higher than that at 423 K. The fatigue behavior of the studied material was characterized as cyclic softening at any given total strain amplitude (0.12%0.24%), which was attributed to fatigue crack initiation and propagation. Moreover, this material exhibited asymmetric hysteresis loops due to the presence of the graphite lamellas. Transmission electron microscopy analysis suggested that cyclic softening was also caused by the interactions of dislocations at 423 K, such as cell structure in ferrite, whereas cyclic softening was related to subgrain boundaries and dislocation climbing at 523 K. Micro-analysis of specimen fracture appearance was conducted in order to obtain the fracture characteristics and crack paths for different strain amplitudes. It showed that the higher the temperature, the rougher the crack face of the examined gray cast iron at the same total strain amplitude. Additionally, the microcracks were readily blunted during growth inside the pearlite matrix at 423 K, whereas the microcracks could easily pass through pearlite matrix along with deflection at 523 K. The results of fatigue experiments consistently showed that fatigue damage for the studied material at 423 K was lower than that at 523 K under any given total strain amplitude. - Highlights: The low cycle fatigue behavior of the HT250 for engine cylinder blocks was investigated. TEM investigations were conducted to explain the cyclic deformation response. The low cycle fatigue cracks of HT250 GCI were studied by SEM. The fatigue life of the examined material at 523 K is higher than that at 423 K.

  8. Structural and ferromagnetic properties of an orthorhombic phase of MnBi stabilized with Rh additions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Taufour, Valentin; Thimmaiah, Srinivasa; March, Stephen; Saunders, Scott; Sun, Kewei; Lamichhane, Tej Nath; Kramer, Matthew J.; Bud’ko, Sergey L.; Canfield, Paul C.

    2015-07-28

    The article addresses the possibility of alloy elements in MnBi which may modify the thermodynamic stability of the NiAs-type structure without significantly degrading the magnetic properties. The addition of small amounts of Rh and Mn provides an improvement in the thermal stability with some degradation of the magnetic properties. The small amounts of Rh and Mn additions in MnBi stabilize an orthorhombic phase whose structural and magnetic properties are closely related to the ones of the previously reported high-temperature phase of MnBi (HT MnBi). The properties of the HT MnBi, which is stable between 613 and 719 K, have notmore » been studied in detail because of its transformation to the stable low-temperature MnBi (LT MnBi), making measurements near and below its Curie temperature difficult. The Rh-stabilized MnBi with chemical formula Mn1.0625–xRhxBi [x=0.02(1)] adopts a new superstructure of the NiAs/Ni2In structure family. It is ferromagnetic below a Curie temperature of 416 K. The critical exponents of the ferromagnetic transition are not of the mean-field type but are closer to those associated with the Ising model in three dimensions. The magnetic anisotropy is uniaxial; the anisotropy energy is rather large, and it does not increase when raising the temperature, contrary to what happens in LT MnBi. The saturation magnetization is approximately 3μB/f.u. at low temperatures. Thus, while this exact composition may not be application ready, it does show that alloying is a viable route to modifying the stability of this class of rare-earth-free magnet alloys.« less

  9. Search for production of vector-like quark pairs and of four top quarks in the lepton-plus-jets final state in pp collisions at √s = 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aad, G.

    2015-08-20

    A search for pair production of vector-like quarks, both up-type (T) and down-type (B), as well as for four-top-quark production, is presented. The search is based on pp collisions at \\( \\sqrt{s}=8 \\) TeV recorded in 2012 with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb–1. Data are analysed in the lepton-plus-jets final state, characterised by an isolated electron or muon with high transverse momentum, large missing transverse momentum and multiple jets. Dedicated analyses are performed targeting three cases: a T quark with significant branching ratio to a W boson and a b-quark \\( \\left(T\\overline{T}\\to Wb+\\mathrm{X}\\right) \\), and both a T quark and a B quark with significant branching ratio to a Higgs boson and a third-generation quark (\\( T\\overline{T}\\to Ht+X\\;\\mathrm{and}\\;B\\overline{B}\\to Hb+\\mathrm{X} \\) respectively). No significant excess of events above the Standard Model expectation is observed, and 95% CL lower limits are derived on the masses of the vector-like T and B quarks under several branching ratio hypotheses assuming contributions from T → Wb, Zt, Ht and B → Wt, Zb, Hb decays. The 95% CL observed lower limits on the T quark mass range between 715 GeV and 950 GeV for all possible values of the branching ratios into the three decay modes, and are the most stringent constraints to date. In addition, the most restrictive upper bounds on four-top-quark production are set in a number of new physics scenarios.

  10. Focused ultrasound treatment of abscesses induced by methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus: Feasibility study in a mouse model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rieck, Birgit; Bates, David; Pichardo, Samuel E-mail: lcuriel@lakeheadu.ca; Curiel, Laura E-mail: lcuriel@lakeheadu.ca; Zhang, Kunyan; Escott, Nicholas; Mougenot, Charles

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To study the therapeutic effect of focused ultrasound on abscesses induced by methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus (MRSA). MRSA is a major nosocomial pathogen where immunocompromised patients are prone to develop infections that are less and less responsive to regular treatments. Because of its capability to induce a rise of temperature at a very precise location, the use of focused ultrasound represents a considerable opportunity for therapy of localized MRSA-related infections. Methods: 50μl of MRSA strain USA400 bacteria suspension at a concentration of 1.32 ± 0.5 × 10{sup 5} colony forming units (cfu)/μl was injected subcutaneously in the left flank of BALB/c mice. An abscess of 6 ± 2 mm in diameter formed after 48 h. A transducer operating at 3 MHz with a focal length of 50 mm and diameter of 32 mm was used to treat the abscess. The focal point was positioned 2 mm under the skin at the abscess center. Forty-eight hours after injection four ultrasound exposures of 9 s each were applied to each abscess under magnetic resonance imaging guidance. Each exposure was followed by a 1 min pause. These parameters were based on preliminary experiments to ensure repetitive accurate heating of the abscess. Real-time estimation of change of temperature was done using water-proton resonance frequency and a communication toolbox (matMRI) developed inhouse. Three experimental groups of animals each were tested: control, moderate temperature (MT), and high temperature (HT). MT and HT groups reached, respectively, 52.3 ± 5.1 and 63.8 ± 7.5 °C at the end of exposure. Effectiveness of the treatment was assessed by evaluating the bacteria amount of the treated abscess 1 and 4 days after treatment. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) assay evaluating the neutrophil amount was performed to assess the local neutrophil recruitment and the white blood cell count was used to evaluate the systemic inflammatory response after focused ultrasound treatment. Results: Macroscopic evaluation of treated abscess indicated a diminution of external size of abscess 1 day after treatment. Treatment did not cause open wounds. The median (lower to upper quartile) bacterial count 1 day after treatment was 6.18 × 10{sup 3} (0.76 × 10{sup 3}–11.18 × 10{sup 3}), 2.86 × 10{sup 3} (1.22 × 10{sup 3}–7.07 × 10{sup 3}), and 3.52 × 10{sup 3} (1.18 × 10{sup 3}–6.72 × 10{sup 3}) cfu/100 μl for control, MT and HT groups, respectively; for the 4-day end point, the count was 1.37 × 10{sup 3} (0.67 × 10{sup 3}–2.89 × 10{sup 3}), 1.35 × 10{sup 3} (0.09 × 10{sup 3}–2.96 × 10{sup 3}), and 0.07 × 10{sup 3} (0.03 × 10{sup 3}–0.36 × 10{sup 3}) cfu/100 μl for control, MT and HT, showing a significant reduction (p = 0.002) on the bacterial load four days after focused ultrasound treatment when treating at high temperature (HT). The MPO amount remained unchanged between groups and days, indicating no change on local neutrophil recruitment in the abscess caused by the treatment. The white blood cell count remained unchanged between groups and days indicating that no systemic inflammatory response was caused by the treatment. Conclusions: Focused ultrasound induces a therapeutic effect in abscesses induced by MRSA. This effect is observed as a reduction of the number bacteria without significantly altering the amount of MPO at the site of a MRSA-induced abscess. These initial results suggest that focused ultrasound is a viable option for the treatment of localized MRSA-related infections.

  11. Impact of Contaminants Present in Coal-Biomass Derived Synthesis Gas on Water-gas Shift and Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis Catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gokhan Alptekin

    2012-09-30

    Co-gasification of biomass and coal in large-scale, Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) plants increases the efficiency and reduces the environmental impact of making synthesis gas ("syngas") that can be used in Coal-Biomass-to-Liquids (CBTL) processes for producing transportation fuels. However, the water-gas shift (WGS) and Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) catalysts used in these processes may be poisoned by multiple contaminants found in coal-biomass derived syngas; sulfur species, trace toxic metals, halides, nitrogen species, the vapors of alkali metals and their salts (e.g., KCl and NaCl), ammonia, and phosphorous. Thus, it is essential to develop a fundamental understanding of poisoning/inhibition mechanisms before investing in the development of any costly mitigation technologies. We therefore investigated the impact of potential contaminants (H{sub 2}S, NH{sub 3}, HCN, AsH{sub 3}, PH{sub 3}, HCl, NaCl, KCl, AS{sub 3}, NH{sub 4}NO{sub 3}, NH{sub 4}OH, KNO{sub 3}, HBr, HF, and HNO{sub 3}) on the performance and lifetime of commercially available and generic (prepared in-house) WGS and FT catalysts; ferrochrome-based high-temperature WGS catalyst (HT-WGS, Shiftmax 120?, Süd-Chemie), low-temperature Cu/ZnO-based WGS catalyst (LT-WGS, Shiftmax 230?, Süd-Chemie), and iron- and cobalt-based Fischer-Trospch synthesis catalysts (Fe-FT & Co-FT, UK-CAER). In this project, TDA Research, Inc. collaborated with a team at the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research (UK-CAER) led by Dr. Burt Davis. We first conducted a detailed thermodynamic analysis. The three primary mechanisms whereby the contaminants may deactivate the catalyst are condensation, deposition, and reaction. AsH{sub 3}, PH{sub 3}, H{sub 2}S, HCl, NH{sub 3} and HCN were found to have a major impact on the Fe-FT catalyst by producing reaction products, while NaCl, KCl and PH{sub 3} produce trace amounts of deposition products. The impact of the contaminants on the activity, selectivity, and deactivation rates (lifetime) of the catalysts was determined in bench-scale tests. Most of the contaminants appeared to adsorb onto (or react with) the HT- and LT-WGS catalysts were they were co-fed with the syngas: ? 4.5 ppmv AsH{sub 3} or 1 ppmv PH{sub 3} in the syngas impacted the selectivity and CO conversion of both catalysts; ? H{sub 2}S slowly degraded both WGS catalysts; - A binary mixture of H{sub 2}S (60 ppmv) and NH{sub 3} (38 ppmv) impacted the activity of the LT-WGS catalyst, but not the HT-WGS catalyst ? Moderate levels of NH{sub 3} (100 ppmv) or HCN (10 ppmv) had no impact ? NaCl or KCl had essentially no effect on the HT-WGS catalyst, but the activity of the LT-WGS catalyst decreased very slowly Long-term experiments on the Co-FT catalyst at 260 and 270 °C showed that all of the contaminants impacted it to some extent with the exception of NaCl and HF. Irrespective of its source (e.g., NH{sub 3}, KNO{sub 3}, or HNO{sub 3}), ammonia suppressed the activity of the Co-FT catalyst to a moderate degree. There was essentially no impact the Fe-FT catalyst when up to 100 ppmw halide compounds (NaCl and KCl), or up to 40 ppmw alkali bicarbonates (NaHCO{sub 3} and KHCO{sub 3}). After testing, BET analysis showed that the surface areas, and pore volumes and diameters of both WGS catalysts decreased during both single and binary H2S and NH3 tests, which was attributed to sintering and pore filling by the impurities. The HT-WGS catalyst was evaluated with XRD after testing in syngas that contained 1 ppmv PH{sub 3}, or 2 ppmv H{sub 2}S, or both H{sub 2}S (60 ppmv) and NH{sub 3} (38 ppmv). The peaks became sharper during testing, which was indicative of crystal growth and sintering, but no new phases were detected. After LT-WGS tests (3-33 ppmv NH{sub 3} and/or 0-88 ppmv H{sub 2}S) there were a few new phases that appeared, including sulfides. The fresh Fe-FT catalyst was nanocrystalline and amorphous. ICP-AA spectroscopy and other methods (e.g., chromatography) were used to analyze for

  12. Historical Doses from Tritiated Water and Tritiated Hydrogen Gas Released to the Atmosphere from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Part 6. Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, S

    2007-09-05

    Throughout fifty-three years of operations, an estimated 792,000 Ci (29,300 TBq) of tritium have been released to the atmosphere at the Livermore site of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); about 75% was tritium gas (HT) primarily from the accidental releases of 1965 and 1970. Routine emissions contributed slightly more than 100,000 Ci (3,700 TBq) HT and about 75,000 Ci (2,800 TBq) tritiated water vapor (HTO) to the total. A Tritium Dose Reconstruction was undertaken to estimate both the annual doses to the public for each year of LLNL operations and the doses from the few accidental releases. Some of the dose calculations were new, and the others could be compared with those calculated by LLNL. Annual doses (means and 95% confidence intervals) to the potentially most exposed member of the public were calculated for all years using the same model and the same assumptions. Predicted tritium concentrations in air were compared with observed mean annual concentrations at one location from 1973 onwards. Doses predicted from annual emissions were compared with those reported in the past by LLNL. The highest annual mean dose predicted from routine emissions was 34 {micro}Sv (3.4 mrem) in 1957; its upper confidence limit, based on very conservative assumptions about the speciation of the release, was 370 {micro}Sv (37 mrem). The upper confidence limits for most annual doses were well below the current regulatory limit of 100 {micro}Sv (10 mrem) for dose to the public from release to the atmosphere; the few doses that exceeded this were well below the regulatory limits of the time. Lacking the hourly meteorological data needed to calculate doses from historical accidental releases, ingestion/inhalation dose ratios were derived from a time-dependent accident consequence model that accounts for the complex behavior of tritium in the environment. Ratios were modified to account for only those foods growing at the time of the releases. The highest dose from an accidental release was calculated for a release of about 1,500 Ci HTO that occurred in October 1954. The likely dose for this release was probably less than 360 {micro}Sv (36 mrem), but, because of many unknowns (e.g., release-specific meteorological and accidental conditions) and conservative assumptions, the uncertainty was very high. As a result, the upper confidence limit on the predictions, considered a dose that could not have been exceeded, was estimated to be 2 mSv (200 mrem). The next highest dose, from the 1970 accidental release of about 290,000 Ci (10,700 TBq) HT when wind speed and wind direction were known, was one-third as great. Doses from LLNL accidental releases were well below regulatory reporting limits. All doses, from both routine and accidental releases, were far below the level (3.6 mSv [360 mrem] per year) at which adverse health effects have been documented in the literature.

  13. Report on thermal aging effects on tensile properties of ferritic-martensitic steels.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, M.; Soppet, W.K.; Rink, D.L.; Listwan, J.T.; Natesan, K.

    2012-05-10

    This report provides an update on the evaluation of thermal-aging induced degradation of tensile properties of advanced ferritic-martensitic steels. The report is the first deliverable (level 3) in FY11 (M3A11AN04030103), under the Work Package A-11AN040301, 'Advanced Alloy Testing' performed by Argonne National Laboratory, as part of Advanced Structural Materials Program for the Advanced Reactor Concepts. This work package supports the advanced structural materials development by providing tensile data on aged alloys and a mechanistic model, validated by experiments, with a predictive capability on long-term performance. The scope of work is to evaluate the effect of thermal aging on the tensile properties of advanced alloys such as ferritic-martensitic steels, mod.9Cr-1Mo, NF616, and advanced austenitic stainless steel, HT-UPS. The aging experiments have been conducted over a temperature of 550-750 C for various time periods to simulate the microstructural changes in the alloys as a function of time at temperature. In addition, a mechanistic model based on thermodynamics and kinetics has been used to address the changes in microstructure of the alloys as a function of time and temperature, which is developed in the companion work package at ANL. The focus of this project is advanced alloy testing and understanding the effects of long-term thermal aging on the tensile properties. Advanced materials examined in this project include ferritic-martensitic steels mod.9Cr-1Mo and NF616, and austenitic steel, HT-UPS. The report summarizes the tensile testing results of thermally-aged mod.9Cr-1Mo, NF616 H1 and NF616 H2 ferritic-martensitic steels. NF616 H1 and NF616 H2 experienced different thermal-mechanical treatments before thermal aging experiments. NF616 H1 was normalized and tempered, and NF616 H2 was normalized and tempered and cold-rolled. By examining these two heats, we evaluated the effects of thermal-mechanical treatments on material microstructures and associated mechanical properties during long-term aging at elevated temperatures. Thermal aging experiments at different temperatures and periods of time have been completed: 550 C for up to 5000 h, 600 C for up to 7500 h, and 650 C for more than 10,000 h. Tensile properties were measured on thermally aged specimens and aging effect on tensile behavior was assessed. Effects of thermal aging on deformation and failure mechanisms were investigated by using in-situ straining technique with simultaneous synchrotron XRD measurements.

  14. Cytoplasmic sequestration of the tumor suppressor p53 by a heat shock protein 70 family member, mortalin, in human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gestl, Erin E.; Anne Boettger, S.

    2012-06-29

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Eight human colorectal cell lines were evaluated for p53 and mortalin localization. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Six cell lines displayed cytoplasmic sequestration of the tumor suppressor p53. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Direct interaction between mortalin and p53 was shown in five cell lines. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Cell lines positive for p53 sequestration yielded elevated p53 expression levels. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This study yields the first evidence of cytoplasmic sequestration p53 by mortalin. -- Abstract: While it is known that cytoplasmic retention of p53 occurs in many solid tumors, the mechanisms responsible for this retention have not been positively identified. Since heatshock proteins like mortalin have been associated with p53 inactivation in other tumors, the current study sought to characterize this potential interaction in never before examined colorectal adenocarcinoma cell lines. Six cell lines, one with 3 different fractions, were examined to determine expression of p53 and mortalin and characterize their cellular localization. Most of these cell lines displayed punctate p53 and mortalin localization in the cell cytoplasm with the exception of HCT-8 and HCT116 379.2 cells, where p53 was not detected. Nuclear p53 was only observed in HCT-116 40-16, LS123, and HT-29 cell lines. Mortalin was only localized in the cytoplasm in all cell lines. Co-immunoprecipitation and immunohistochemistry revealed that p53 and mortalin were bound and co-localized in the cytoplasmic fraction of four cell lines, HCT-116 (40-16 and 386; parental and heterozygous fractions respectively of the same cell line), HT-29, LS123 and LoVo, implying that p53 nuclear function is limited in those cell lines by being restricted to the cytoplasm. Mortalin gene expression levels were higher than gene expression levels of p53 in all cell lines. Cell lines with cytoplasmic sequestration of p53, however, also displayed elevated p53 gene expression levels compared to cell lines without p53 sequestration. Our data reveal the characteristic cytoplasmic sequestration of p53 by the heat shock protein mortalin in human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell lines, as is the case for other cancers, such as glioblastomas and hepatocellular carcinomas.

  15. Development of nanostructured and surface modified semiconductors for hybrid organic-inorganic solar cells.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hsu, Julia, W. P.

    2008-09-01

    Solar energy conversion is increasingly being recognized as one of the principal ways to meet future energy needs without causing detrimental environmental impact. Hybrid organic-inorganic solar cells (SCs) are attracting particular interest due to the potential for low cost manufacturing and for use in new applications, such as consumer electronics, architectural integration and light-weight sensors. Key materials advantages of these next generation SCs over conventional semiconductor SCs are in design opportunities--since the different functions of the SCs are carried out by different materials, there are greater materials choices for producing optimized structures. In this project, we explore the hybrid organic-inorganic solar cell system that consists of oxide, primarily ZnO, nanostructures as the electron transporter and poly-(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) as the light-absorber and hole transporter. It builds on our capabilities in the solution synthesis of nanostructured semiconducting oxide arrays to this photovoltaic (PV) technology. The three challenges in this hybrid material system for solar applications are (1) achieving inorganic nanostructures with critical spacing that matches the exciton diffusion in the polymer, {approx} 10 nm, (2) infiltrating the polymer completely into the dense nanostructure arrays, and (3) optimizing the interfacial properties to facilitate efficient charge transfer. We have gained an understanding and control over growing oriented ZnO nanorods with sub-50 nm diameters and the required rod-to-rod spacing on various substrates. We have developed novel approaches to infiltrate commercially available P3HT in the narrow spacing between ZnO nanorods. Also, we have begun to explore ways to modify the interfacial properties. In addition, we have established device fabrication and testing capabilities at Sandia for prototype devices. Moreover, the control synthesis of ZnO nanorod arrays lead to the development of an efficient anti-reflection coating for multicrystalline Si solar cells. An important component of this project is the collaboration with Dr. Dave Ginley's group at NREL. The NREL efforts, which are funded by NREL's LDRD program, focus on measuring device performance, external quantum efficiency, photoconductance through highly specialized non-contact time-resolved microwave conductivity (TRMC) measurements, and vapor phase deposition of oxide materials. The close collaboration with NREL enables us to enter this competitive field in such short time. Joint publications and presentations have resulted from this fruitful collaboration. To this date, 5 referred journal papers have resulted from this project, with 2 more in preparation. Several invited talks and numerous contributed presentations in international conferences are also noted. Sandia has gained the reputation of being one of forefront research groups on nanostructured hybrid solar cells.

  16. Development and Verification of Tritium Analyses Code for a Very High Temperature Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang H. Oh; Eung S. Kim

    2009-09-01

    A tritium permeation analyses code (TPAC) has been developed by Idaho National Laboratory for the purpose of analyzing tritium distributions in the VHTR systems including integrated hydrogen production systems. A MATLAB SIMULINK software package was used for development of the code. The TPAC is based on the mass balance equations of tritium-containing species and a various form of hydrogen (i.e., HT, H2, HTO, HTSO4, and TI) coupled with a variety of tritium source, sink, and permeation models. In the TPAC, ternary fission and neutron reactions with 6Li, 7Li 10B, 3He were taken into considerations as tritium sources. Purification and leakage models were implemented as main tritium sinks. Permeation of HT and H2 through pipes, vessels, and heat exchangers were importantly considered as main tritium transport paths. In addition, electroyzer and isotope exchange models were developed for analyzing hydrogen production systems including both high-temperature electrolysis and sulfur-iodine process. The TPAC has unlimited flexibility for the system configurations, and provides easy drag-and-drops for making models by adopting a graphical user interface. Verification of the code has been performed by comparisons with the analytical solutions and the experimental data based on the Peach Bottom reactor design. The preliminary results calculated with a former tritium analyses code, THYTAN which was developed in Japan and adopted by Japan Atomic Energy Agency were also compared with the TPAC solutions. This report contains descriptions of the basic tritium pathways, theory, simple user guide, verifications, sensitivity studies, sample cases, and code tutorials. Tritium behaviors in a very high temperature reactor/high temperature steam electrolysis system have been analyzed by the TPAC based on the reference indirect parallel configuration proposed by Oh et al. (2007). This analysis showed that only 0.4% of tritium released from the core is transferred to the product hydrogen. The amount of tritium in the product hydrogen was estimated to be approximately an order less than the gaseous effluent limit for tritium.

  17. Aberrant, ectopic expression of VEGF and VEGF receptors 1 and 2 in malignant colonic epithelial cells. Implications for these cells growth via an autocrine mechanism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahluwalia, Amrita [Veterans Affairs Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, CA (United States)] [Veterans Affairs Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, CA (United States); Jones, Michael K. [Veterans Affairs Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, CA (United States) [Veterans Affairs Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, CA (United States); Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, CA (United States); Szabo, Sandor [Veterans Affairs Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, CA (United States) [Veterans Affairs Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, CA (United States); Department of Pathology, University of California, Irvine, CA (United States); Tarnawski, Andrzej S., E-mail: amrita.ahluwalia@va.gov [Veterans Affairs Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, CA (United States); Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, CA (United States)

    2013-08-09

    Highlights: Malignant colonic epithelial cells express VEGF and its receptors. Cultured colon cancer cells secrete VEGF into the medium. Inhibition of VEGF receptor significantly decreases colon cancer cell proliferation. VEGF is critical for colon cancer cell growth. -- Abstract: Vascular endothelial growth factor A (referred to as VEGF) is implicated in colon cancer growth. Currently, the main accepted mechanism by which VEGF promotes colon cancer growth is via the stimulation of angiogenesis, which was originally postulated by late Judah Folkman. However, the cellular source of VEGF in colon cancer tissue; and, the expression of VEGF and its receptors VEGF-R1 and VEGF-R2 in colon cancer cells are not fully known and are subjects of controversy. Material and methods: We examined and quantified expression of VEGF, VEGF-R1 and VEGF-R2 in three different human colonic tissue arrays containing sections of adenocarcinoma (n = 43) and normal mucosa (n = 41). In human colon cancer cell lines HCT116 and HT29 and normal colon cell lines NCM356 and NCM460, we examined expression of VEGF, VEGF-R1 and VEGF-R2 mRNA and protein, VEGF production and secretion into the culture medium; and, the effect of a potent, selective inhibitor of VEGF receptors, AL-993, on cell proliferation. Results: Human colorectal cancer specimens had strong expression of VEGF in cancer cells and also expressed VEGF-R1 and VEGF-R2.In vitro studies showed that human colon cancer cell lines, HCT116 and HT29, but not normal colonic cell lines, express VEGF, VEGF-R1 and VEGF-R2 and secrete VEGF into the medium up to a concentration 2000 pg/ml within 48 h. Furthermore, we showed that inhibition of VEGF receptors using a specific VEGF-R inhibitor significantly reduced proliferation (by >50%) of cultured colon cancer cell lines. Conclusions: Our findings support the contention that VEGF generated by colon cancer cells stimulates their growth directly through an autocrine mechanism that is independent of its primary function in the induction of angiogenesis.

  18. Fukushima Nuclear Crisis Recovery: A Modular Water Treatment System Deployed in Seven Weeks - 12489

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denton, Mark S.; Mertz, Joshua L.; Bostick, William D.

    2012-07-01

    On March 11, 2011, the magnitude 9.0 Great East Japan earthquake, Tohoku, hit off the Fukushima coast of Japan. This was one of the most powerful earthquakes in recorded history and the most powerful one known to have hit Japan. The ensuing tsunami devastated a huge area resulting in some 25,000 persons confirmed dead or missing. The perfect storm was complete when the tsunami then found the four reactor, Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Station directly in its destructive path. While recovery systems admirably survived the powerful earthquake, the seawater from the tsunami knocked the emergency cooling systems out and did extensive damage to the plant and site. Subsequent hydrogen generation caused explosions which extended this damage to a new level and further flooded the buildings with highly contaminated water. Some 2 million people were evacuated from a fifty mile radius of the area and evaluation and cleanup began. Teams were assembled in Tokyo the first week of April to lay out potential plans for the immediate treatment of some 63 million gallons (a number which later exceeded 110 million gallons) of highly contaminated water to avoid overflow from the buildings as well as supply the desperately needed clean cooling water for the reactors. A system had to be deployed with a very brief cold shake down and hot startup before the rainy season started in early June. Joined by team members Toshiba (oil removal system), AREVA (chemical precipitation system) and Hitachi-GE (RO system), Kurion (cesium removal system following the oil separator) proposed, designed, fabricated, delivered and started up a one of a kind treatment skid and over 100 metric tons of specially engineered and modified Ion Specific Media (ISM) customized for this very challenging seawater/oil application, all in seven weeks. After a very short cold shake down, the system went into operation on June 17, 2011 on actual waste waters far exceeding 1 million Bq/mL in cesium and many other isotopes. One must remember that, in addition to attempting to do isotope removal in the competition of seawater (as high as 18,000 ppm sodium due to concentration), some 350,000 gallons of turbine oil was dispersed into the flooded buildings as well. The proposed system consisted of a 4 guard vessel skid for the oil and debris, 4 skids containing 16 cesium towers in a lead-lag layout with removable vessels (sent to an interim storage facility), and a 4 polishing vessel skid for iodine removal and trace cesium levels. At a flow rate of at least 220 gallons per minute, the system has routinely removed over 99% of the cesium, the main component of the activity, since going on line. To date, some 50% of the original activity has been removed and stabilized and cold shutdown of the plant was announced on December 10, 2011. In March and April alone, 10 cubic feet of Engineered Herschelite was shipped to Seabrook Nuclear Power Plant, NPP, to support the April 1, 2011 outage cleanup; 400 cubic feet was shipped to Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for strontium (Sr-90) ground water remediation; and 6000 cubic feet (100 metric tons, MT, or 220,400 pounds) was readied for the Fukushima Nuclear Power Station with an additional 100 MT on standby for replacement vessels. This experience and accelerated media production in the U.S. bore direct application to what was to soon be used in Fukushima. How such a sophisticated and totally unique system and huge amount of media could be deployable in such a challenging and changing matrix, and in only seven weeks, is outlined in this paper as well as the system and operation itself. As demonstrated herein, all ten major steps leading up to the readiness and acceptance of a modular emergency technology recovery system were met and in a very short period of time, thus utilizing three decades of experience to produce and deliver such a system literally in seven weeks: - EPRI - U.S. Testing and Experience Leading to Introduction to EPRI - Japan and Subsequently TEPCO Emergency Meetings - Three Mile Island (TMI) Media and Vitrification Experience by PNNL - Commercial Nuclear Power Plant Media Experience (including long term Cs removal) - DOE Low Active Waste (LAW) and High Level Waste (HLW) in High Salt and pH Conditions Media and Vitrification Experience - National Laboratory (e.g. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, ORNL) Ground Water Media Experience - Gulf Oil Spill Media Experience in Seawater - All Media Had to be Fully Tested at High Rad Levels in Seawater and Oil Before Arriving in Japan - Final Waste Form and Disposal Experience (e.g., vitrification) - 100 Metric Tons (6000 cubic feet or 220,400 pounds) of Media had to be Immediately Available with the same amount in production as replacement media. [To date, for 2011, 400 MT of media have been prepared for Japan alone.] - Remote Operation, Modular Water Treatment Equipment Design and Fabrication in both Commercial NPP and DOE Canyon Operations. (authors)

  19. Elevated-Temperature Ferritic and Martensitic Steels and Their Application to Future Nuclear Reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klueh, RL

    2005-01-31

    In the 1970s, high-chromium (9-12% Cr) ferritic/martensitic steels became candidates for elevated-temperature applications in the core of fast reactors. Steels developed for conventional power plants, such as Sandvik HT9, a nominally Fe-12Cr-1Mo-0.5W-0.5Ni-0.25V-0.2C steel (composition in wt %), were considered in the United States, Europe, and Japan. Now, a new generation of fission reactors is in the planning stage, and ferritic, bainitic, and martensitic steels are again candidates for in-core and out-of-core applications. Since the 1970s, advances have been made in developing steels with 2-12% Cr for conventional power plants that are significant improvements over steels originally considered. This paper will review the development of the new steels to illustrate the advantages they offer for the new reactor concepts. Elevated-temperature mechanical properties will be emphasized. Effects of alloying additions on long-time thermal exposure with and without stress (creep) will be examined. Information on neutron radiation effects will be discussed as it applies to ferritic and martensitic steels.

  20. Solution Processable n-Type Perylene Diimide Copolymers for Organic Photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liang, Z.; Cormier, R. A.; Nardes, A. M.; Gregg, B. A.

    2011-01-01

    Perylene diimides are known as promising n-type semiconductor building blocks. Here we report the synthesis and characterization of a set of three soluble poly(perylene diimide)s and their preliminary characterization in organic photovoltaic cells. These polymers are made through the polycondensation of perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic dianhydride (PTCDA) with a variety of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)- or poly(propylene glycol) (PPG)-based diamine comonomers. The flexible spacer offers increased solubility in organic solvents and allows the perylene core to assume a conformation that promotes favorable cofacial {pi}-{pi} interactions. Mixtures of these polymers with the hole-transporting polymer, poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) result in significant fluorescence quenching. However, the phase separation occurs on a scale too large for a bulk heterojunction solar cell. The PPGylated poly(perylene diimide) shows an unusually low free electron concentration ({approx}1.0 x 10{sup 12} cm{sup -3}) and therefore makes an excellent model system for future doping studies. These new polymers may have promise as stable electron-conductive layers with large light-absorptivities in solution-processable applications of organic electronics.

  1. Conference report on the 3rd international symposium on lithium application for fusion devices

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mazzitelli, G.; Hirooka, Y.; Hu, J. S.; Mirnov, S. V.; Nygren, R.; Shimada, M.; Ono, M.; Tabares, F. L.

    2015-01-14

    The third International Symposium on Lithium Application for Fusion Device (ISLA-2013) was held on 9–11 October 2013 at ENEA Frascati Centre with growing participation and interest from the community working on more general aspect of liquid metal research for fusion energy development. ISLA-2013 has been confirmed to be the largest and the most important meeting dedicated to liquid metal application for the magnetic fusion research. Overall, 45 presentation plus 5 posters were given, representing 28 institutions from 11 countries. The latest experimental results from nine magnetic fusion devices were presented in 16 presentations from NSTX (PPPL, USA), FTU (ENEA, Italy),more » T-11M (Trinity, RF), T-10 (Kurchatov Institute, RF), TJ-II (CIEMAT, Spain), EAST(ASIPP, China), HT-7 (ASIPP, China), RFX (Padova, Italy), KTM (NNC RK, Kazakhstan). Sessions were devoted to the following: (I) lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (facility overviews), (II) lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (topical issues), (III) special session on liquid lithium technology, (IV) lithium laboratory test stands, (V) Lithium theory/modelling/comments, (VI) innovative lithium applications and (VII) special Session on lithium-safety and lithium handling. There was a wide participation from the fusion technology communities, including IFMIF and TBM communities providing productive exchange with the physics oriented magnetic confinement liquid metal research groups. This international workshop will continue on a biennial basis (alternating with the Plasma–Surface Interactions (PSI) Conference) and the next workshop will be held at CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain, in 2015.« less

  2. Functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles for oral delivery of budesonide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoncheva, K.; Popova, M.; Szegedi, A.; Mihaly, J.; Tzankov, B.; Lambov, N.; Konstantinov, S.; Tzankova, V.; Pessina, F.; Valoti, M.

    2014-03-15

    Non-functionalized and amino-functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticle were loaded with anti-inflammatory drug budesonide and additionally post-coated with bioadhesive polymer (carbopol). TEM images showed spherical shape of the nanoparticles and slightly higher polydispersity after coating with carbopol. Nitrogen physisorption and thermogravimetic analysis revealed that more efficient loading and incorporation into the pores of nanoparticles was achieved with the amino-functionalized silica carrier. Infrared spectra indicated that the post-coating of these nanoparticles with carbopol led to the formation of bond between amino groups of the functionalized carrier and carboxyl groups of carbopol. The combination of amino-functionalization of the carrier with the post-coating of the nanoparticles sustained budesonide release. Further, an in vitro model of inflammatory bowel disease showed that the cytoprotective effect of budesonide loaded in the post-coated silica nanoparticles on damaged HT-29 cells was more pronounced compared to the cytoprotection obtained with pure budesonide. -- Graphical abstract: Silica mesoporous MCM-41 particles were amino-functionalized, loaded with budesonide and post-coated with bioadhesive polymer (carbopol) in order to achieve prolonged residence of anti-inflammatory drug in GIT. Highlights: Higher drug loading in amino-functionalized mesoporous silica. Amino-functionalization and post-coating of the nanoparticles sustained drug release. Achievement of higher cytoprotective effect with drug loaded into the nanoparticles.

  3. Utilization of Kinetic Isotope Effects for the Concentration of Tritium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Gilbert M.; Meyer, Thomas J.; Moyer, Bruce A.

    2000-06-01

    Work is in progress to develop methods for concentrating tritium in water based on large primary isotope effects in catalytic redox processes. Basic research is being conducted to develop the chemistry of a complete cyclic process. The process will remove tritium from H2O by concentrating it with respect to protio-water. This research involves developing chemical cycles that produce high concentration factors for HTO based on the discrimination of CH and C-T bonds in oxidation reactions. Several steps are required in a cyclic process for the concentration of tritium in water. In the first step, the tritium is incorporated in an organic compound. H-T discrimination occurs as the tritium containing compound is oxidized in a step involving a Ru(IV) oxo complex. Strong primary kinetic isotope effects lead to the oxidation of C-H bonds in preference to C-T bonds, and this reaction leads to concentration of tritium in the organic compound. The reduced form of the ruthenium compound can be reoxidized so that the oxidation step can be made catalytic.

  4. Integrating mechanistic and polymorphism data to characterize human genetic susceptibility for environmental chemical risk assessment in the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mortensen, Holly M.; Euling, Susan Y.

    2013-09-15

    Response to environmental chemicals can vary widely among individuals and between population groups. In human health risk assessment, data on susceptibility can be utilized by deriving risk levels based on a study of a susceptible population and/or an uncertainty factor may be applied to account for the lack of information about susceptibility. Defining genetic susceptibility in response to environmental chemicals across human populations is an area of interest in the NAS' new paradigm of toxicity pathway-based risk assessment. Data from high-throughput/high content (HT/HC), including -omics (e.g., genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics) technologies, have been integral to the identification and characterization of drug target and disease loci, and have been successfully utilized to inform the mechanism of action for numerous environmental chemicals. Large-scale population genotyping studies may help to characterize levels of variability across human populations at identified target loci implicated in response to environmental chemicals. By combining mechanistic data for a given environmental chemical with next generation sequencing data that provides human population variation information, one can begin to characterize differential susceptibility due to genetic variability to environmental chemicals within and across genetically heterogeneous human populations. The integration of such data sources will be informative to human health risk assessment.

  5. Evaluation of tritium release properties of advanced tritium breeders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoshino, T.; Ochiai, K.; Edao, Y.; Kawamura, Y.

    2015-03-15

    Demonstration power plant (DEMO) fusion reactors require advanced tritium breeders with high thermal stability. Lithium titanate (Li{sub 2}TiO{sub 3}) advanced tritium breeders with excess Li (Li{sub 2+x}TiO{sub 3+y}) are stable in a reducing atmosphere at high temperatures. Although the tritium release properties of tritium breeders are documented in databases for DEMO blanket design, no in situ examination under fusion neutron (DT neutron) irradiation has been performed. In this study, a preliminary examination of the tritium release properties of advanced tritium breeders was performed, and DT neutron irradiation experiments were performed at the fusion neutronics source (FNS) facility in JAEA. Considering the tritium release characteristics, the optimum grain size after sintering is <5 μm. From the results of the optimization of granulation conditions, prototype Li{sub 2+x}TiO{sub 3+y} pebbles with optimum grain size (<5 μm) were successfully fabricated. The Li{sub 2+x}TiO{sub 3+y} pebbles exhibited good tritium release properties similar to the Li{sub 2}TiO{sub 3} pebbles. In particular, the released amount of HT gas for easier tritium handling was higher than that of HTO water. (authors)

  6. Conference report on the 3rd international symposium on lithium application for fusion devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mazzitelli, G.; Hirooka, Y.; Hu, J. S.; Mirnov, S. V.; Nygren, R.; Shimada, M.; Ono, M.; Tabares, F. L.

    2015-01-14

    The third International Symposium on Lithium Application for Fusion Device (ISLA-2013) was held on 9–11 October 2013 at ENEA Frascati Centre with growing participation and interest from the community working on more general aspect of liquid metal research for fusion energy development. ISLA-2013 has been confirmed to be the largest and the most important meeting dedicated to liquid metal application for the magnetic fusion research. Overall, 45 presentation plus 5 posters were given, representing 28 institutions from 11 countries. The latest experimental results from nine magnetic fusion devices were presented in 16 presentations from NSTX (PPPL, USA), FTU (ENEA, Italy), T-11M (Trinity, RF), T-10 (Kurchatov Institute, RF), TJ-II (CIEMAT, Spain), EAST(ASIPP, China), HT-7 (ASIPP, China), RFX (Padova, Italy), KTM (NNC RK, Kazakhstan). Sessions were devoted to the following: (I) lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (facility overviews), (II) lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (topical issues), (III) special session on liquid lithium technology, (IV) lithium laboratory test stands, (V) Lithium theory/modelling/comments, (VI) innovative lithium applications and (VII) special Session on lithium-safety and lithium handling. There was a wide participation from the fusion technology communities, including IFMIF and TBM communities providing productive exchange with the physics oriented magnetic confinement liquid metal research groups. This international workshop will continue on a biennial basis (alternating with the Plasma–Surface Interactions (PSI) Conference) and the next workshop will be held at CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain, in 2015.

  7. Production of highly tritiated water for tritium exposure studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muirhead, C.; Pilatzke, K.; Tripple, A.; Philippi, N.; McCrimmon, K.; Castillo, I.; Boniface, H.; Suppiah, S.

    2015-03-15

    Tritium Facility staff at Chalk River Laboratories (CRL) have successfully prepared highly tritiated water for use in radiation resistance of PEM (Proton Exchange Membrane-based)electrolyser membrane. The goal of System A was to convert a known amount of elemental tritium (HT) into tritiated water vapour using a copper(II) oxide bed, and to condense the tritiated water vapour into a known amount of chilled heavy water (D{sub 2}O). The conversion and capture of tritium using this system is close to 100%. The goal of System B was to transfer tritiated water from the containment vessel to an exposure vessel (experiment) in a controlled and safe manner. System B is based on the pushing of D{sub 2}0 with low-pressure argon carrier gas to a calibrated volume and then to the exposure vessel. A method for delivering a known and controlled amount of tritiated water has been successfully demonstrated at CRL. Using both systems Tritium Facility staff have made and distributed highly tritiated water in a safe and controlled manner. This paper focuses on how the tritiated water was produced and dispensed to the experiment.

  8. Photovoltaic properties and morphology of organic solar cells based on liquid-crystal semiconducting polymer with additive

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suzuki, Atsushi; Zushi, Masahito; Suzuki, Hisato; Ogahara, Shinichi; Akiyama, Tsuyoshi; Oku, Takeo

    2014-02-20

    Bulk heterojunction organic solar cell based on liquid crystal semiconducting polymers of poly[9,9-dioctylfluorene-co-bithiophene] (F8T2) as p-type semiconductors and fullerenes (C{sub 60}) and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as electron donor and acceptor has been fabricated and characterized for improving photovoltaic and optical properties. The photovoltaic performance including current voltage curves in the dark and illumination of the F8T2/C{sub 60} conventional and inverted bulk heterojunction solar cells were investigated. Relationship between the photovoltaic properties and morphological behavior was focused on tuning for optimization of photo-voltaic performance under annealing condition near glass transition temperature. Additive-effect of diiodooctane (DIO) and poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT) on the photovoltaic performance and optical properties was investigated. Mechanism of the photovoltaic properties of the conventional and inverted solar cells will be discussed by the experimental results.

  9. Cu--Pd--M hydrogen separation membranes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Do{hacek over }an, Omer N; Gao, Michael C; Young, Rongxiang Hu; Tafen, De Nyago

    2013-12-17

    The disclosure provides an H2 separation membrane comprised of an allow having the composition Cu.Sub.(100-x-y)Pd.sub.xM.sub.y, where x is from about 35 to about 50 atomic percent and where y is from greater than 0 to about 20 atomic percent, and where M consists of magnesium, yttrium, aluminum, titanium, lanthanum, or combinations thereof. The M elements act as strong stabilizers for the B2 phase of the allow, and extend the critical temperature of the alloy for a given hydrogen concentration and pressure. Due to the phase stabilization and the greater temperature range over which a B2 phase can be maintained, the allow is well suited for service as a H2 separation membrane, particularly when applicable conditions are established or cycled above about 600.degree. C. over the course of expected operations. In certain embodiments, the B2 phase comprises at least 60 estimated volume percent of the allow at a steady-state temperature of 400.degree. C. The B2 phase stability is experimentally validated through HT-XRD.

  10. Nanoporous microbead supported bilayers: stability, physical characterization, and incorporation of functional transmembrane proteins.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, Ryan W. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Brozik, James A. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Brozik, Susan Marie; Cox, Jason M.; Lopez, Gabriel P.; Barrick, Todd A.; Flores, Adrean

    2007-03-01

    The introduction of functional transmembrane proteins into supported bilayer-based biomimetic systems presents a significant challenge for biophysics. Among the various methods for producing supported bilayers, liposomal fusion offers a versatile method for the introduction of membrane proteins into supported bilayers on a variety of substrates. In this study, the properties of protein containing unilamellar phosphocholine lipid bilayers on nanoporous silica microspheres are investigated. The effects of the silica substrate, pore structure, and the substrate curvature on the stability of the membrane and the functionality of the membrane protein are determined. Supported bilayers on porous silica microspheres show a significant increase in surface area on surfaces with structures in excess of 10 nm as well as an overall decrease in stability resulting from increasing pore size and curvature. Comparison of the liposomal and detergent-mediated introduction of purified bacteriorhodopsin (bR) and the human type 3 serotonin receptor (5HT3R) are investigated focusing on the resulting protein function, diffusion, orientation, and incorporation efficiency. In both cases, functional proteins are observed; however, the reconstitution efficiency and orientation selectivity are significantly enhanced through detergent-mediated protein reconstitution. The results of these experiments provide a basis for bulk ionic and fluorescent dye-based compartmentalization assays as well as single-molecule optical and single-channel electrochemical interrogation of transmembrane proteins in a biomimetic platform.

  11. Photo annealing effect on p-doped inverted organic solar cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lafalce, Evan; Toglia, Patrick; Lewis, Jason E.; Jiang, Xiaomei

    2014-06-28

    We report the transient positive photo annealing effect in which over 600% boost of power conversion efficiency was observed in inverted organic photovoltaic devices (OPV) made from P3HT/PCBM by spray method, after 2?hrs of constant solar AM 1.5 irradiation at low temperature. This is opposite to usual photodegradation of OPV, and cannot be explained by thermal activation alone since the mere temperature effect could only account for 30% of the enhancement. We have investigated the temperature dependence, cell geometry, oxygen influence, and conclude that, for p-doped active layer at room temperature, the predominant mechanism is photo-desorption of O{sub 2}, which eliminates electron traps and reduces space charge screening. As temperature decreases, thermal activation and deep trap-state filling start to show noticeable effect on the enhancement of photocurrent at intermediate low temperature (T?=?125?K). At very low temperature, the dominant mechanism for photo annealing is trap-filling, which significantly reduces recombination between free and trapped carriers. At all temperature, photo annealing effect depends on illumination direction from cathode or anode. We also explained the large fluctuation of photocurrent by the capture/reemit of trapped electrons from shallow electron traps of O{sub 2}{sup -} generated by photo-doping. Our study has demonstrated the dynamic process of photo-doping and photo-desorption, and shown that photo annealing in vacuum can be an efficient method to improve OPV device efficiency.

  12. Congressionally Directed Project for Passive NOx Removal Catalysts Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, William

    2014-08-29

    The Recipient proposes to produce new scientific and technical knowledge and tools to enable the discovery and deployment of highly effective materials for the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of nitrogen oxides (NOx) from lean combustion exhaust. A second goal is to demonstrate a closely coupled experimental and computational approach to heterogeneous catalysis research. These goals will be met through the completion of four primary technical objectives: First, an in-depth kinetic analysis will be performed on two prominent classes of NOx SCR catalysts, Fe- and Cu-exchanged beta and ZSM-5 zeolites, over a wide range of catalyst formulation and under identical, high conversion conditions as a function of gas phase composition. Second, the nanoscale structure and adsorption chemistry of these high temperature (HT) and low temperature (LT) catalysts will be determined using in situ and operando spectroscopy under the same reaction conditions. Third, first-principles molecular simulations will be used to model the metal-zeolite active sites, their adsorption chemistry, and key steps in catalytic function. Fourth, this information will be integrated into chemically detailed mechanistic and kinetic descriptions and models of the operation of these well- defined NOx SCR catalysts under practically relevant reaction conditions. The new knowledge and models that derive from this work will be published in the scientific literature.

  13. ALUMINUM REMOVAL FROM HANFORD WASTE BY LITHIUM HYDROTALCITE PRECIPITATION - LABORATORY SCALE VALIDATION ON WASTE SIMULANTS TEST REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SAMS T; HAGERTY K

    2011-01-27

    To reduce the additional sodium hydroxide and ease processing of aluminum bearing sludge, the lithium hydrotalcite (LiHT) process has been invented by AREV A and demonstrated on a laboratory scale to remove alumina and regenerate/recycle sodium hydroxide prior to processing in the WTP. The method uses lithium hydroxide (LiOH) to precipitate sodium aluminate (NaAI(OH){sub 4}) as lithium hydrotalcite (Li{sub 2}CO{sub 3}.4Al(OH){sub 3}.3H{sub 2}O) while generating sodium hydroxide (NaOH). In addition, phosphate substitutes in the reaction to a high degree, also as a filterable solid. The sodium hydroxide enriched leachate is depleted in aluminum and phosphate, and is recycled to double-shell tanks (DSTs) to leach aluminum bearing sludges. This method eliminates importing sodium hydroxide to leach alumina sludge and eliminates a large fraction of the total sludge mass to be treated by the WTP. Plugging of process equipment is reduced by removal of both aluminum and phosphate in the tank wastes. Laboratory tests were conducted to verify the efficacy of the process and confirm the results of previous tests. These tests used both single-shell tank (SST) and DST simulants.

  14. GaAs buffer layer technique for vertical nanowire growth on Si substrate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Xiaoqing Parizi, Kokab B.; Huo, Yijie; Kang, Yangsen; Philip Wong, H.-S.; Li, Yang

    2014-02-24

    Gold catalyzed vapor-liquid-solid method is widely applied to IIIV nanowire (NW) growth on Si substrate. However, the easy oxidation of Si, possible Si contamination in the NWs, high defect density in the NWs, and high sensitivity of the NW morphology to growth conditions largely limit its controllability. In this work, we developed a buffer layer technique by introducing a GaAs thin film with predefined polarity as a template. It is found that samples grown on these buffer layers all have high vertical NW yields in general, due to the single-orientation of the buffer layers. Low temperature buffer with smoother surface leads to highest yield of vertical NWs, while high temperature (HT) buffer with better crystallinity results in perfect NW quality. The defect-free property we observed here is very promising for optoelectronic device applications based on GaAs NW. Moreover, the buffer layers can eliminate Si contamination by preventing Si-Au alloy formation and by increasing the thickness of the Si diffusion barrier, thus providing more flexibility to vertical NW growth. The buffer layer technique we demonstrated here could be easily extended to other III-V on Si system for electronic and photonic applications.

  15. Integration of biological ion channels onto optically addressable micro-fluidic electrode arrays for single molecule characterization.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brozik, Susan Marie; Frink, Laura J. Douglas; Bachand, George David; Keller, David J.; Patrick, Elizabeth L.; Marshall, Jason A.; Ortiz, Theodore P.; Meyer, Lauren A.; Davis, Ryan W.; Brozik, James A.; Flemming, Jeb Hunter

    2004-12-01

    The challenge of modeling the organization and function of biological membranes on a solid support has received considerable attention in recent years, primarily driven by potential applications in biosensor design. Affinity-based biosensors show great promise for extremely sensitive detection of BW agents and toxins. Receptor molecules have been successfully incorporated into phospholipid bilayers supported on sensing platforms. However, a collective body of data detailing a mechanistic understanding of membrane processes involved in receptor-substrate interactions and the competition between localized perturbations and delocalized responses resulting in reorganization of transmembrane protein structure, has yet to be produced. This report describes a systematic procedure to develop detailed correlation between (recognition-induced) protein restructuring and function of a ligand gated ion channel by combining single molecule fluorescence spectroscopy and single channel current recordings. This document is divided into three sections: (1) reported are the thermodynamics and diffusion properties of gramicidin using single molecule fluorescence imaging and (2) preliminary work on the 5HT{sub 3} serotonin receptor. Thirdly, we describe the design and fabrication of a miniaturized platform using the concepts of these two technologies (spectroscopic and single channel electrochemical techniques) for single molecule analysis, with a longer term goal of using the physical and electronic changes caused by a specific molecular recognition event as a transduction pathway in affinity based biosensors for biotoxin detection.

  16. Emulation of reactor irradiation damage using ion beams

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Was, G. S.; Jiao, Z.; Getto, E.; Sun, K.; Monterrosa, A. M.; Maloy, S. A.; Anderoglu, O.; Sencer, B. H.; Hackett, M.

    2014-06-14

    The continued operation of existing light water nuclear reactors and the development of advanced nuclear reactor depend heavily on understanding how damage by radiation to levels degrades materials that serve as the structural components in reactor cores. The first high dose ion irradiation experiments on a ferritic-martensitic steel showing that ion irradiation closely emulates the full radiation damage microstructure created in-reactor are described. Ferritic-martensitic alloy HT9 (heat 84425) in the form of a hexagonal fuel bundle duct (ACO-3) accumulated 155 dpa at an average temperature of 443°C in the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF). Using invariance theory as a guide,more » irradiation of the same heat was conducted using self-ions (Fe++) at 5 MeV at a temperature of 460°C and to a dose of 188 displacements per atom. The void swelling was nearly identical between the two irradiation and the size and density of precipitates and loops following ion irradiation are within a factor of two of those for neutron irradiation. The level of agreement across all of the principal microstructure changes between ion and reactor irradiation establishes the capability of tailoring ion irradiation to emulate the reactor-irradiated microstructure.« less

  17. Emulation of reactor irradiation damage using ion beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Was, G. S.; Jiao, Z.; Getto, E.; Sun, K.; Monterrosa, A. M.; Maloy, S. A.; Anderoglu, O.; Sencer, B. H.; Hackett, M.

    2014-06-14

    The continued operation of existing light water nuclear reactors and the development of advanced nuclear reactor depend heavily on understanding how damage by radiation to levels degrades materials that serve as the structural components in reactor cores. The first high dose ion irradiation experiments on a ferritic-martensitic steel showing that ion irradiation closely emulates the full radiation damage microstructure created in-reactor are described. Ferritic-martensitic alloy HT9 (heat 84425) in the form of a hexagonal fuel bundle duct (ACO-3) accumulated 155 dpa at an average temperature of 443C in the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF). Using invariance theory as a guide, irradiation of the same heat was conducted using self-ions (Fe++) at 5 MeV at a temperature of 460C and to a dose of 188 displacements per atom. The void swelling was nearly identical between the two irradiation and the size and density of precipitates and loops following ion irradiation are within a factor of two of those for neutron irradiation. The level of agreement across all of the principal microstructure changes between ion and reactor irradiation establishes the capability of tailoring ion irradiation to emulate the reactor-irradiated microstructure.

  18. Scoping Analyses on Tritium Permeation to VHTR Integarted Industrial Application Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang H. Oh; Eung S. Kim

    2011-03-01

    Tritium permeation is a very important current issue in the very high temperature reactor (VHTR) because tritium is easily permeated through high temperature metallic surfaces. Tritium permeations in the VHTR-integrated systems were investigated in this study using the tritium permeation analysis code (TPAC) that was developed by Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The INL TPAC is a numerical tool that is based on the mass balance equations of tritium containing species and hydrogen (i.e. HT, H2, HTO, HTSO4, TI) coupled with a variety of tritium sources, sink, and permeation models. In the TPAC, ternary fission and thermal neutron caption reactions with 6Li, 7Li 10B, 3He were taken into considerations as tritium sources. Purification and leakage models were implemented as main tritium sinks. Permeation of tritium and H2 through pipes, vessels, and heat exchangers were considered as main tritium transport paths. In addition, electroyzer and isotope exchange models were developed for analyzing hydrogen production systems including high temperature electrolysis (HTSE) and sulfur-iodine processes.

  19. Discovery of Novel Complex Metal Hydrides for Hydrogen Storage through Molecular Modeling and Combinatorial Methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesch, David A; Adriaan Sachtler, J.W. J.; Low, John J; Jensen, Craig M; Ozolins, Vidvuds; Siegel, Don

    2011-02-14

    UOP LLC, a Honeywell Company, Ford Motor Company, and Striatus, Inc., collaborated with Professor Craig Jensen of the University of Hawaii and Professor Vidvuds Ozolins of University of California, Los Angeles on a multi-year cost-shared program to discover novel complex metal hydrides for hydrogen storage. This innovative program combined sophisticated molecular modeling with high throughput combinatorial experiments to maximize the probability of identifying commercially relevant, economical hydrogen storage materials with broad application. A set of tools was developed to pursue the medium throughput (MT) and high throughput (HT) combinatorial exploratory investigation of novel complex metal hydrides for hydrogen storage. The assay programs consisted of monitoring hydrogen evolution as a function of temperature. This project also incorporated theoretical methods to help select candidate materials families for testing. The Virtual High Throughput Screening served as a virtual laboratory, calculating structures and their properties. First Principles calculations were applied to various systems to examine hydrogen storage reaction pathways and the associated thermodynamics. The experimental program began with the validation of the MT assay tool with NaAlH4/0.02 mole Ti, the state of the art hydrogen storage system given by decomposition of sodium alanate to sodium hydride, aluminum metal, and hydrogen. Once certified, a combinatorial 21-point study of the NaAlH4 ?? LiAlH4 ??Mg(AlH4)2 phase diagram was investigated with the MT assay. Stability proved to be a problem as many of the materials decomposed during synthesis, altering the expected assay results. This resulted in repeating the entire experiment with a mild milling approach, which only temporarily increased capacity. NaAlH4 was the best performer in both studies and no new mixed alanates were observed, a result consistent with the VHTS. Powder XRD suggested that the reverse reaction, the regeneration of the alanate from alkali hydride, Al and hydrogen, was hampering reversibility. The reverse reaction was then studied for the same phase diagram, starting with LiH, NaH, and MgH2, and Al. The study was extended to phase diagrams including KH and CaH2 as well. The observed hydrogen storage capacity in the Al hexahydrides was less than 4 wt. %, well short of DOE targets. The HT assay came on line and after certification with studies on NaAlH4, was first applied to the LiNH2 - LiBH4 - MgH2 phase diagram. The 60-point study elucidated trends within the system locating an optimum material of 0.6 LiNH2 ?? 0.3 MgH2 ?? 0.1 LiBH4 that stored about 4 wt. % H2 reversibly and operated below 220 °C. Also present was the phase Li4(NH2)3BH4, which had been discovered in the LiNH2 -LiBH4 system. This new ternary formulation performed much better than the well-known 2 LiNH2 ?? MgH2 system by 50 °C in the HT assay. The Li4(NH2)3BH4 is a low melting ionic liquid under our test conditions and facilitates the phase transformations required in the hydrogen storage reaction, which no longer relies on a higher energy solid state reaction pathway. Further study showed that the 0.6 LiNH2 ?? 0.3 MgH2 ?? 0.1 LiBH4 formulation was very stable with respect to ammonia and diborane desorption, the observed desorption was from hydrogen. This result could not have been anticipated and was made possible by the efficiency of HT combinatorial methods. Investigation of the analogous LiNH2 ?? LiBH4 ?? CaH2 phase diagram revealed new reversible hydrogen storage materials 0.625 LiBH4 + 0.375 CaH2 and 0.375 LiNH2 + 0.25 LiBH4 + 0.375 CaH2 operating at 1 wt. % reversible hydrogen below 175 °C. Powder x-ray diffraction revealed a new structure for the spent materials which had not been previously observed. While the storage capacity was not impressive, an important aspect is that it boron appears to participate in a low temperature reversible reaction. The last major area of study also focused

  20. Early implementation of SiC cladding fuel performance models in BISON

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Powers, Jeffrey J.

    2015-09-18

    SiC-based ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) [5–8] are being developed and evaluated internationally as potential LWR cladding options. These development activities include interests within both the DOE-NE LWR Sustainability (LWRS) Program and the DOE-NE Advanced Fuels Campaign. The LWRS Program considers SiC ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) as offering potentially revolutionary gains as a cladding material, with possible benefits including more efficient normal operating conditions and higher safety margins under accident conditions [9]. Within the Advanced Fuels Campaign, SiC-based composites are a candidate ATF cladding material that could achieve several goals, such as reducing the rates of heat and hydrogen generation due to lower cladding oxidation rates in HT steam [10]. This work focuses on the application of SiC cladding as an ATF cladding material in PWRs, but these work efforts also support the general development and assessment of SiC as an LWR cladding material in a much broader sense.

  1. Oriented Growth of Al2O3:ZnO Nanolaminates for Use as Electron-Selective Electrodes in Inverted Polymer Solar Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheun, H.; Fuentes-Hernandez, C.; Shim, J.; Fang, Y.; Cai, Y.; Li, H.; Sigdel, A. K.; Meyer, J.; Maibach, J.; Dindar, A.; Zhou, Y.; Berry, J. J.; Bredas, J. L.; Kahn, A.; Sandhage, K. H.; Kippelen, B.

    2012-04-10

    Atomic layer deposition is used to synthesize Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:ZnO(1:x) nanolaminates with the number of deposition cycles, x, ranging from 5 to 30 for evaluation as optically transparent, electron-selective electrodes in polymer-based inverted solar cells. Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:ZnO(1:20) nanolaminates are found to exhibit the highest values of electrical conductivity (1.2 x 10{sup 3} S cm{sup 01}; more than six times higher than for neat ZnO films), while retaining a high optical transmittance ({>=}80% in the visible region) and a low work function (4.0 eV). Such attractive performance is attributed to the structure (ZnO crystal size and crystal alignment) and doping level of this intermediate Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:ZnO film composition. Polymer-based inverted solar cells using poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT):phenyl-C{sub 61}-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) mixtures in the active layer and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:ZnO(1:20) nanolaminates as transparent electron-selective electrodes exhibit a power conversion efficiency of 3% under simulated AM 1.5 G, 100 mW cm{sup -2} illumination.

  2. Simple Coupling of Reactor Physics Effects and Uncertain Nuances

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2012-08-27

    The "Simple Coupling of Reactor Physics Effects and Uncertain Nuances" (SCORPEUN) code is a simple r-z 1-group neutron diffusion code where each r-mesh is coupled to a single-flow-channel model that represents all flow-channels in that r-mesh. This 1-D model assesses q=m*Cp*deletaT for each z-mesh in that channel. This flow channel model is then coupled to a simple 1-D heat conduction model for ascertaining the peak center-line fuel temperature in a hypothetical pin assigned to thatmore » flow channel. The code has property lookup capability for water, Na, Zirc, HT9, metalic fuel, oxide fuel, etc. It has linear interpolation features for micro-scopic cross-sections with respect to coolant density and fuel temperature. ***This last feature has not been fully tested and may need development***. The interpolated microscopic cross-sections are then combined (using the water density from the T/H calculation) to generate macroscopic diffusion coefficient, removal cross-section and nu-sigmaF for each r-z mesh of the neutron diffusion code.« less

  3. Phenylbutyric acid induces the cellular senescence through an Akt/p21{sup WAF1} signaling pathway

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Hag Dong; Jang, Chang-Young; Choe, Jeong Min; Department of Biochemistry, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul 136-705; Korean Institute of Molecular Medicine and Nutrition, Seoul 136-705 ; Sohn, Jeongwon; Korean Institute of Molecular Medicine and Nutrition, Seoul 136-705 ; Kim, Joon

    2012-06-01

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Phenylbutyric acid induces cellular senescence. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Phenylbutyric acid activates Akt kinase. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The knockdown of PERK also can induce cellular senescence. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Akt/p21{sup WAF1} pathway activates in PERK knockdown induced cellular senescence. -- Abstract: It has been well known that three sentinel proteins - PERK, ATF6 and IRE1 - initiate the unfolded protein response (UPR) in the presence of misfolded or unfolded proteins in the ER. Recent studies have demonstrated that upregulation of UPR in cancer cells is required to survive and proliferate. Here, we showed that long exposure to 4-phenylbutyric acid (PBA), a chemical chaperone that can reduce retention of unfolded and misfolded proteins in ER, induced cellular senescence in cancer cells such as MCF7 and HT1080. In addition, we found that treatment with PBA activates Akt, which results in p21{sup WAF1} induction. Interestingly, the depletion of PERK but not ATF6 and IRE1 also induces cellular senescence, which was rescued by additional depletion of Akt. This suggests that Akt pathway is downstream of PERK in PBA induced cellular senescence. Taken together, these results show that PBA induces cellular senescence via activation of the Akt/p21{sup WAF1} pathway by PERK inhibition.

  4. EFFECTS OF TRITIUM GAS EXPOSURE ON EPDM ELASTOMER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, E.

    2009-12-11

    Samples of four formulations of ethylene-propylene diene monomer (EPDM) elastomer were exposed to initially pure tritium gas at one atmosphere and ambient temperature for various times up to about 420 days in closed containers. Two formulations were carbon-black-filled commercial formulations, and two were the equivalent formulations without filler synthesized for this work. Tritium effects on the samples were characterized by measuring the sample volume, mass, flexibility, and dynamic mechanical properties and by noting changes in appearance. The glass transition temperature was determined by analysis of the dynamic mechanical properties. The glass transition temperature increased significantly with tritium exposure, and the unfilled formulations ceased to behave as elastomers after the longest tritium exposure. The filled formulations were more resistant to tritium exposure. Tritium exposure made all samples significantly stiffer and therefore much less able to form a reliable seal when employed as O-rings. No consistent change of volume or density was observed; there was a systematic lowering of sample mass with tritium exposure. In addition, the significant radiolytic production of gas, mainly protium (H{sub 2}) and HT, by the samples when exposed to tritium was characterized by measuring total pressure in the container at the end of each exposure and by mass spectroscopy of a gas sample at the end of each exposure. The total pressure in the containers more than doubled after {approx}420 days tritium exposure.

  5. EVALUATION OF ALTERNATE STAINLESS STEEL SURFACE TREATMENTS FOR MASS SPECTROSCOPY AND OTHER TRITIUM SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, E.; Mauldin, C.; Neikirk, K.

    2012-02-29

    There are specific components in the SRS Tritium Facilities that are required to introduce as few chemical impurities (such as protium and methane) as possible into the process gas. Two such components are the inlet systems for the mass spectroscopy facilities and hydrogen isotope mix standard containers. Two vendors now passivate stainless steel components for these systems, and both are relatively small businesses whose future viability can be questioned, which creates the need for new sources. Stainless steel containers were designed to evaluate alternate surface treatment vendors for tritium storage and handling for these high purity tritium systems. Five vendors applied their own 'best' surface treatments to two containers each - one was a current vendor, another was a chemical vapor deposited silicon coating, and the other three were electropolishing and chemical cleaning vendors. Pure tritium gas was introduced into all ten containers and the composition was monitored over time. The only observed impurities in the gas were some HT, less CT{sub 4}, and very small amounts of T{sub 2}O in all cases. The currently used vendor treated containers contained the least impurities. The chemical vapor deposited silicon treatment resulted in the highest impurity levels. Sampling one set of containers after about one month of tritium exposure revealed the impurity level to be nearly the same as that after more than a year of exposure - this result suggests that cleaning new stainless steel components by tritium gas contact for about a month may be a worthy operation.

  6. Emulation of reactor irradiation damage using ion beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G. S. Was; Z. Jiao; E. Beckett; A. M. Monterrosa; O. Anderoglu; B. H. Sencer; M. Hackett

    2014-10-01

    The continued operation of existing light water nuclear reactors and the development of advanced nuclear reactor depend heavily on understanding how damage by radiation to levels degrades materials that serve as the structural components in reactor cores. The first high dose ion irradiation experiments on a ferritic-martensitic steel showing that ion irradiation closely emulates the full radiation damage microstructure created in-reactor are described. Ferritic-martensitic alloy HT9 (heat 84425) in the form of a hexagonal fuel bundle duct (ACO-3) accumulated 155 dpa at an average temperature of 443C in the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF). Using invariance theory as a guide, irradiation of the same heat was conducted using self-ions (Fe++) at 5 MeV at a temperature of 460C and to a dose of 188 displacements per atom. The void swelling was nearly identical between the two irradiations and the size and density of precipitates and loops following ion irradiation are within a factor of two of those for neutron irradiation. The level of agreement across all of the principal microstructure changes between ion and reactor irradiations establishes the capability of tailoring ion irradiations to emulate the reactor-irradiated microstructure.

  7. Fast neutron environments.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buchheit, Thomas Edward; Kotula, Paul Gabriel; Lu, Ping; Brewer, Luke N.; Goods, Steven Howard; Foiles, Stephen Martin; Puskar, Joseph David; Hattar, Khalid Mikhiel; Doyle, Barney Lee; Boyce, Brad Lee; Clark, Blythe G.

    2011-10-01

    The goal of this LDRD project is to develop a rapid first-order experimental procedure for the testing of advanced cladding materials that may be considered for generation IV nuclear reactors. In order to investigate this, a technique was developed to expose the coupons of potential materials to high displacement damage at elevated temperatures to simulate the neutron environment expected in Generation IV reactors. This was completed through a high temperature high-energy heavy-ion implantation. The mechanical properties of the ion irradiated region were tested by either micropillar compression or nanoindentation to determine the local properties, as a function of the implantation dose and exposure temperature. In order to directly compare the microstructural evolution and property degradation from the accelerated testing and classical neutron testing, 316L, 409, and 420 stainless steels were tested. In addition, two sets of diffusion couples from 316L and HT9 stainless steels with various refractory metals. This study has shown that if the ion irradiation size scale is taken into consideration when developing and analyzing the mechanical property data, significant insight into the structural properties of the potential cladding materials can be gained in about a week.

  8. Isothermal Solid-State Transformation Kinetics Applied to Pd/Cu Alloy Membrane Fabrication

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pomerantz, Natalie L; Payzant, E Andrew; Ma, Yi Hua

    2010-01-01

    In this work, time-resolved, in situ high-temperature X-ray diffraction (HT-XRD) was used to study the solid-state transformation kinetics of the formation of the fcc Pd/Cu alloy from Pd/Cu bi-layers for the purpose of fabricating sulfur tolerant Pd/Cu membranes for H2 separation. Thin layers of Pd and Cu (total ~15 wt% Cu) were deposited on porous stainless steel (PSS) with the electroless deposition method and annealed in H2 at 500, 550 and 600 C. The kinetics of the annealing process were successfully described by the Avrami nucleation and growth model showing that the annealing process was diffusion controlled and one dimensional. The activation energy for the solid-state transformation was 175 kJ/mol, which was similar to the activation energy of Pd-Cu bulk interdiffusion. Furthermore, the Avrami model was able to successfully describe the changes in permeance and activation energy observed in Pd/Cu alloy membranes during characterization as they were annealed at high temperatures.

  9. F Y

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    r t l t ( o F Y . -'d$ , ; i ;:1 .. i''ft |'i:l E3 11t{ [:'1] kr! lird tsT.' D : N ii3 i'r{ H B$ t.,:::\ tiil rc t'1;tl l : $ !& tr$ i"d ttsF t;'.1 F i tr Flt t.:.1 riq Ej r"'F Fifi bd fiT r r r ki'i't @ Fff lr{ lr'ff t{; ):.lr t: i'l !d !r.q ii.'r: I f li.::r ril I,T Fi+l h4 E[ [ts ht ffi v..' ffi;.1 lri lir$l l'',{ tr;:.j 'tlr C O M P R E H E N S I V E R A D I O L O G I C A L S U R V E Y O F F - S I T E P B O P E R T Y V N I A G A R A F A L L S S T O R A G E S I T E L E W l s r o

  10. Di-hadron production at Jefferson Lab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anefalos Pereira, Sergio; et. al.,

    2014-10-01

    Semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering (SIDIS) has been used extensively in recent years as an important testing ground for QCD. Studies so far have concentrated on better determination of parton distribution functions, distinguishing between the quark and antiquark contributions, and understanding the fragmentation of quarks into hadrons. Hadron pair (di-hadron) SIDIS provides information on the nucleon structure and hadronization dynamics that complement single hadron SIDIS. Di-hadrons allow the study of low- and high-twist distribution functions and Dihadron Fragmentation Functions (DiFF). Together with the twist-2 PDFs ( f1, g1, h1), the Higher Twist (HT) e and hL functions are very interesting because they offer insights into the physics of the largely unexplored quark-gluon correlations, which provide access into the dynamics inside hadrons. The CLAS spectrometer, installed in Hall-B at Jefferson Lab, has collected data using the CEBAF 6 GeV longitudinally polarized electron beam on longitudinally polarized solid NH3 targets. Preliminary results on di-hadron beam-, target- and double-spin asymmetries will be presented.

  11. Microstructural Development and Mechanical Properties for Reactive Air Brazing of ZTA to Ni Alloys using Ag-CuO Braze Alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prevost, Erica; DeMarco, A.Joseph; MacMichael, Beth; Joshi, Vineet V.; Meier, Alan; Hoffman, John W.; Walker, William J.

    2014-12-01

    Reactive air brazing (RAB) is a potential joining technique to join metal alloys to ceramics for a variety of applications. In the current study, nickel (Ni) alloys were heat treated to form an oxide layer prior to RAB joining to zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA). The Ni alloys evaluated were Nicrofer 6025 HT, Inconel 600, Inconel 693, Haynes 214 and Inconel 601. The ZTA studied had compositions of 0 to 15 wt% zirconia and 0 to 14 wt% glass. Four point-bend tests were performed to evaluate the joint strength of ZTA/ZTA and ZTA/nickel alloys brazed with Ag-2wt% CuO braze alloys. It was determined that the joint strength is not a function of the ZTA composition, but that the strength is a strong function of the chemistry and microstructure of the oxide layer formed on the nickel alloy. It was determined that an increase in the aluminum content of the Ni alloy resulted in an increase of the thickness of alumina in the oxide layer and was directly proportional to the bond strength with the exception of Inconel 601 which exhibited relatively high joint strengths even though it had a relatively low aluminum content.

  12. In situ monitoring of structure formation in the active layer of polymer solar cells during roll-to-roll coating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rossander, Lea H.; Zawacka, Natalia K.; Dam, Henrik F.; Krebs, Frederik C.; Andreasen, Jens W.

    2014-08-15

    The active layer crystallization during roll-to-roll coating of organic solar cells is studied in situ. We developed an X-ray setup where the coater unit is an integrated part of the small angle X-ray scattering instrument, making it possible to control the coating process while recording scattering measurements in situ, enabling us to follow the crystal formation during drying. By varying the distance between the coating head and the point where the X-ray beam hits the film, we obtained measurements of 4 different stages of drying. For each of those stages, the scattering from as long a foil as possible is summed together, with the distance from coating head to scattering point kept constant. The results are average crystallographic properties for the active layer coated on a 30 m long foil. With this insight into the dynamics of crystallization in a roll-coated polymer film, we find that the formation of textured and untextured crystallites seems uncorrelated, and happens at widely different rates. Untextured P3HT crystallites form later in the drying process than expected which may explain previous studies speculating that untextured crystallization depends on concentration. Textured crystallites, however, begin forming much earlier and steadily increases as the film dries, showing a development similar to other in situ studies of these materials.

  13. R. L. Fu;rknsr, Acting Director

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

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  14. A faux hawk fullerene with PCBM-like properties

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    San, Long K.; Bukovsky, Eric V.; Larson, Bryon W.; Whitaker, James B.; Deng, Shihu; Kopidakis, Nikos; Rumbles, Garry; Popov, Alexey A.; Chen, Yu-Sheng; Wang, Xue B.; et al

    2014-12-16

    Reaction of C60, C6F5CF2I, and SnH(n-Bu)3 produced, among other unidentified fullerene derivatives, the two new compounds 1,9-C60(CF2C6F5)H (1) and 1,9-C60(cyclo-CF2(2-C6F4)) (2). The highest isolated yield of 1 was 35% based on C60. Depending on the reaction conditions, the relative amounts of 1 and 2 generated in situ were as high as 85% and 71%, respectively, based on HPLC peak integration and summing over all fullerene species present other than unreacted C60. Compound 1 is thermally stable in 1,2-dichlorobenzene (oDCB) at 160 °C but was rapidly converted to 2 upon addition of Sn2(n-Bu)6 at this temperature. In contrast, complete conversion ofmore » 1 to 2 occurred within minutes, or hours, at 25 °C in 90/10 (v/v) PhCN/C6D6 by addition of stoichiometric, or sub-stoichiometric, amounts of proton sponge (PS) or cobaltocene (CoCp2). DFT calculations indicate that when 1 is deprotonated, the anion C60(CF2C6F5)- can undergo facile intramolecular SNAr annulation to form 2 with concomitant loss of F-. To our knowledge this is the first observation of a fullerene-cage carbanion acting as an SNAr nucleophile towards an aromatic C–F bond. The gas-phase electron affinity (EA) of 2 was determined to be 2.805(10) eV by low-temperature PES, higher by 0.12(1) eV than the EA of C60 and higher by 0.18(1) eV than the EA of phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM). In contrast, the relative E1/2(0/-) values of 2 and C60, -0.01(1) and 0.00(1) V, respectively, are virtually the same (on this scale, and under the same conditions, the E1/2(0/-) of PCBM is -0.09 V). Time-resolved microwave conductivity charge-carrier yield x mobility values for organic photovoltaic active-layer-type blends of 2 and poly-3-hexylthiophene (P3HT) were comparable to those for equimolar blends of PCBM and P3HT. The structure of solvent-free crystals of 2 was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The number of nearest-neighbor fullerene–fullerene interactions with centroid∙∙∙centroid (⊙∙∙∙⊙) distances of ≤ 10.34 Å is significantly greater, and the average ⊙∙∙∙⊙ distance is shorter, for 2 (10 nearest neighbors; ave. ⊙∙∙∙⊙ distance = 10.09 Å) than for solvent-free crystals of PCBM (7 nearest neighbors; ave. ⊙∙∙∙⊙ distance = 10.17 Å). Finally, the thermal stability of 2 was found to be far greater than that of PCBM.« less

  15. A faux hawk fullerene with PCBM-like properties

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    San, Long K.; Bukovsky, Eric V.; Larson, Bryon W.; Whitaker, James B.; Deng, S. H.M.; Kopidakis, Nikos; Rumbles, Garry; Popov, Alexey A.; Chen, Yu-Sheng; Wang, Xue-Bin; et al

    2014-12-16

    Reaction of C60, C6F5CF2I, and SnH(n-Bu)3 produced, among other unidentified fullerene derivatives, the two new compounds 1,9-C60(CF2C6F5)H (1) and 1,9-C60(cyclo-CF2(2-C6F4)) (2). The highest isolated yield of 1 was 35% based on C60. Depending on the reaction conditions, the relative amounts of 1 and 2 generated in situ were as high as 85% and 71%, respectively, based on HPLC peak integration and summing over all fullerene species present other than unreacted C60. Compound 1 is thermally stable in 1,2-dichlorobenzene (oDCB) at 160 °C but was rapidly converted to 2 upon addition of Sn2(n-Bu)6 at this temperature. In contrast, complete conversion ofmore » 1 to 2 occurred within minutes, or hours, at 25 °C in 90/10 (v/v) PhCN/C6D6 by addition of stoichiometric, or sub-stoichiometric, amounts of proton sponge (PS) or cobaltocene (CoCp2). DFT calculations indicate that when 1 is deprotonated, the anion C60(CF2C6F5)- can undergo facile intramolecular SNAr annulation to form 2 with concomitant loss of F-. To our knowledge this is the first observation of a fullerene-cage carbanion acting as an SNAr nucleophile towards an aromatic C–F bond. The gas-phase electron affinity (EA) of 2 was determined to be 2.805(10) eV by low-temperature PES, higher by 0.12(1) eV than the EA of C60 and higher by 0.18(1) eV than the EA of phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM). In contrast, the relative E1/2(0/-) values of 2 and C60, -0.01(1) and 0.00(1) V, respectively, are virtually the same (on this scale, and under the same conditions, the E1/2(0/-) of PCBM is -0.09 V). Time-resolved microwave conductivity charge-carrier yield × mobility values for organic photovoltaic active-layer-type blends of 2 and poly-3-hexylthiophene (P3HT) were comparable to those for equimolar blends of PCBM and P3HT. The structure of solvent-free crystals of 2 was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The number of nearest-neighbor fullerene–fullerene interactions with centroid···centroid (⊙···⊙) distances of ≤10.34 Å is significantly greater, and the average ⊙···⊙ distance is shorter, for 2 (10 nearest neighbors; ave. ⊙···⊙ distance = 10.09 Å) than for solvent-free crystals of PCBM (7 nearest neighbors; ave. ⊙···⊙ distance = 10.17 Å). Finally, the thermal stability of 2 was found to be far greater than that of PCBM.« less

  16. A faux hawk fullerene with PCBM-like properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    San, Long K.; Bukovsky, Eric V.; Larson, Bryon W.; Whitaker, James B.; Deng, Shihu; Kopidakis, Nikos; Rumbles, Garry; Popov, Alexey A.; Chen, Yu-Sheng; Wang, Xue B.; Boltalina, Olga V.; Strauss, Steven H.

    2014-12-16

    Reaction of C60, C6F5CF2I, and SnH(n-Bu)3 produced, among other unidentified fullerene derivatives, the two new compounds 1,9-C60(CF2C6F5)H (1) and 1,9-C60(cyclo-CF2(2-C6F4)) (2). The highest isolated yield of 1 was 35% based on C60. Depending on the reaction conditions, the relative amounts of 1 and 2 generated in situ were as high as 85% and 71%, respectively, based on HPLC peak integration and summing over all fullerene species present other than unreacted C60. Compound 1 is thermally stable in 1,2-dichlorobenzene (oDCB) at 160 C but was rapidly converted to 2 upon addition of Sn2(n-Bu)6 at this temperature. In contrast, complete conversion of 1 to 2 occurred within minutes, or hours, at 25 C in 90/10 (v/v) PhCN/C6D6 by addition of stoichiometric, or sub-stoichiometric, amounts of proton sponge (PS) or cobaltocene (CoCp2). DFT calculations indicate that when 1 is deprotonated, the anion C60(CF2C6F5)- can undergo facile intramolecular SNAr annulation to form 2 with concomitant loss of F-. To our knowledge this is the first observation of a fullerene-cage carbanion acting as an SNAr nucleophile towards an aromatic CF bond. The gas-phase electron affinity (EA) of 2 was determined to be 2.805(10) eV by low-temperature PES, higher by 0.12(1) eV than the EA of C60 and higher by 0.18(1) eV than the EA of phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM). In contrast, the relative E1/2(0/-) values of 2 and C60, -0.01(1) and 0.00(1) V, respectively, are virtually the same (on this scale, and under the same conditions, the E1/2(0/-) of PCBM is -0.09 V). Time-resolved microwave conductivity charge-carrier yield x mobility values for organic photovoltaic active-layer-type blends of 2 and poly-3-hexylthiophene (P3HT) were comparable to those for equimolar blends of PCBM and P3HT. The structure of solvent-free crystals of 2 was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The number of nearest-neighbor fullerenefullerene interactions with centroid???centroid (?????) distances of ? 10.34 is significantly greater, and the average ????? distance is shorter, for 2 (10 nearest neighbors; ave. ????? distance = 10.09 ) than for solvent-free crystals of PCBM (7 nearest neighbors; ave. ????? distance = 10.17 ). Finally, the thermal stability of 2 was found to be far greater than that of PCBM.

  17. A faux hawk fullerene with PCBM-like properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    San, Long K.; Bukovsky, Eric V.; Larson, Bryon W.; Whitaker, James B.; Deng, S. H.M.; Kopidakis, Nikos; Rumbles, Garry; Popov, Alexey A.; Chen, Yu-Sheng; Wang, Xue-Bin; Boltalina, Olga V.; Strauss, Steven H.

    2014-12-16

    Reaction of C60, C6F5CF2I, and SnH(n-Bu)3 produced, among other unidentified fullerene derivatives, the two new compounds 1,9-C60(CF2C6F5)H (1) and 1,9-C60(cyclo-CF2(2-C6F4)) (2). The highest isolated yield of 1 was 35% based on C60. Depending on the reaction conditions, the relative amounts of 1 and 2 generated in situ were as high as 85% and 71%, respectively, based on HPLC peak integration and summing over all fullerene species present other than unreacted C60. Compound 1 is thermally stable in 1,2-dichlorobenzene (oDCB) at 160 C but was rapidly converted to 2 upon addition of Sn2(n-Bu)6 at this temperature. In contrast, complete conversion of 1 to 2 occurred within minutes, or hours, at 25 C in 90/10 (v/v) PhCN/C6D6 by addition of stoichiometric, or sub-stoichiometric, amounts of proton sponge (PS) or cobaltocene (CoCp2). DFT calculations indicate that when 1 is deprotonated, the anion C60(CF2C6F5)- can undergo facile intramolecular SNAr annulation to form 2 with concomitant loss of F-. To our knowledge this is the first observation of a fullerene-cage carbanion acting as an SNAr nucleophile towards an aromatic CF bond. The gas-phase electron affinity (EA) of 2 was determined to be 2.805(10) eV by low-temperature PES, higher by 0.12(1) eV than the EA of C60 and higher by 0.18(1) eV than the EA of phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM). In contrast, the relative E1/2(0/-) values of 2 and C60, -0.01(1) and 0.00(1) V, respectively, are virtually the same (on this scale, and under the same conditions, the E1/2(0/-) of PCBM is -0.09 V). Time-resolved microwave conductivity charge-carrier yield mobility values for organic photovoltaic active-layer-type blends of 2 and poly-3-hexylthiophene (P3HT) were comparable to those for equimolar blends of PCBM and P3HT. The structure of solvent-free crystals of 2 was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The number of nearest-neighbor fullerenefullerene interactions with centroidcentroid (??) distances of ?10.34 is significantly greater, and the average ?? distance is shorter, for 2 (10 nearest neighbors; ave. ?? distance = 10.09 ) than for solvent-free crystals of PCBM (7 nearest neighbors; ave. ?? distance = 10.17 ). Finally, the thermal stability of 2 was found to be far greater than that of PCBM.

  18. Burnup concept for a long-life fast reactor core using MCNPX.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holschuh, Thomas Vernon,; Lewis, Tom Goslee,; Parma, Edward J.,

    2013-02-01

    This report describes a reactor design with a burnup concept for a long-life fast reactor core that was evaluated using Monte Carlo N-Particle eXtended (MCNPX). The current trend in advanced reactor design is the concept of a small modular reactor (SMR). However, very few of the SMR designs attempt to substantially increase the lifetime of a reactor core, especially without zone loading, fuel reshuffling, or other artificial mechanisms in the core that %E2%80%9Cflatten%E2%80%9D the power profile, including non-uniform cooling, non-uniform moderation, or strategic poison placement. Historically, the limitations of computing capabilities have prevented acceptable margins in the temporal component of the spatial excess reactivity in a reactor design, due primarily to the error in burnup calculations. This research was performed as an initial scoping analysis into the concept of a long-life fast reactor. It can be shown that a long-life fast reactor concept can be modeled using MCNPX to predict burnup and neutronics behavior. The inherent characteristic of this conceptual design is to minimize the change in reactivity over the lifetime of the reactor. This allows the reactor to operate substantially longer at full power than traditional Light Water Reactors (LWRs) or other SMR designs. For the purpose of this study, a single core design was investigated: a relatively small reactor core, yielding a medium amount of power (~200 to 400 MWth). The results of this scoping analysis were successful in providing a preliminary reactor design involving metal U-235/U-238 fuel with HT-9 fuel cladding and sodium coolant at a 20% volume fraction.

  19. Radiation-Induced Segregation and Phase Stability in Candidate Alloys for the Advanced Burner Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary S. Was; Brian D. Wirth

    2011-05-29

    Major accomplishments of this project were the following: 1) Radiation induced depletion of Cr occurs in alloy D9, in agreement with that observed in austenitic alloys. 2) In F-M alloys, Cr enriches at PAG grain boundaries at low dose (<7 dpa) and at intermediate temperature (400C) and the magnitude of the enrichment decreases with temperature. 3) Cr enrichment decreases with dose, remaining enriched in alloy T91 up to 10 dpa, but changing to depletion above 3 dpa in HT9 and HCM12A. 4) Cr has a higher diffusivity than Fe by a vacancy mechanism and the corresponding atomic flux of Cr is larger than Fe in the opposite direction to the vacancy flux. 5) Cr concentration at grain boundaries decreases as a result of vacancy transport during electron or proton irradiation, consistent with Inverse Kirkendall models. 6) Inclusion of other point defect sinks into the KLMC simulation of vacancy-mediated diffusion only influences the results in the low temperature, recombination dominated regime, but does not change the conclusion that Cr depletes as a result of vacancy transport to the sink. 7) Cr segregation behavior is independent of Frenkel pair versus cascade production, as simulated for electron versus proton irradiation conditions, for the temperatures investigated. 8) The amount of Cr depletion at a simulated planar boundary with vacancy-mediated diffusion reaches an apparent saturation value by about 1 dpa, with the precise saturation concentration dependent on the ratio of Cr to Fe diffusivity. 9) Cr diffuses faster than Fe by an interstitial transport mechanism, and the corresponding atomic flux of Cr is much larger than Fe in the same direction as the interstitial flux. 10) Observed experimental and computational results show that the radiation induced segregation behavior of Cr is consistent with an Inverse Kirkendall mechanism.

  20. Final report on accident tolerant fuel performance analysis of APMT-Steel Clad/UO? fuel and APMT-Steel Clad/UN-U?Si? fuel concepts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Unal, Cetin; Galloway, Jack D.

    2014-09-12

    In FY2014 our group completed and documented analysis of new Accident Tolerant Fuel (ATF) concepts using BISON. We have modeled the viability of moving from Zircaloy to stainless steel cladding in traditional light water reactors (LWRs). We have explored the reactivity penalty of this change using the MCNP-based burnup code Monteburns, while attempting to minimize this penalty by increasing the fuel pellet radius and decreasing the cladding thickness. Fuel performance simulations using BISON have also been performed to quantify changes to structural integrity resulting from thinner stainless steel claddings. We account for thermal and irradiation creep, fission gas swelling, thermal swelling and fuel relocation in the models for both Zircaloy and stainless steel claddings. Additional models that account for the lower oxidation stainless steel APMT are also invoked where available. Irradiation data for HT9 is used as a fallback in the absence of appropriate models. In this study the isotopic vectors within each natural element are varied to assess potential reactivity gains if advanced enrichment capabilities were levied towards cladding technologies. Recommendations on cladding thicknesses for a robust cladding as well as the constitutive components of a less penalizing composition are provided. In the first section (section 1-3), we present results accepted for publication in the 2014 TOPFUEL conference regarding the APMT/UO? ATF concept (J. Galloway & C. Unal, Accident Tolerant and Neutronically Favorable LWR Cladding, Proceedings of WRFPM 2014, Sendai, Japan, Paper No.1000050). Next we discuss our preliminary findings from the thermo-mechanical analysis of UN-U?Si? fuel with APMT clad. In this analysis we used models developed from limited data that need to be updated when the irradiation data from ATF-1 test is available. Initial results indicate a swelling rate less than 1.5% is needed to prevent excessive clad stress.

  1. Control of morphology and function of low band gap polymer bis-fullerene mixed heterojunctions in organic photovoltaics with selective solvent vapor annealing.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Huipeng; Hsiao, Yu-Che; Dadmun, Mark D

    2014-01-01

    Replacing PCBM with a bis-adduct fullerene (i.e. ICBA) has been reported to significantly improve the open circuit voltage (VOC) and power conversion efficiency (PCE) in P3HT bulk heterojunctions. However, for the most promising low band-gap polymer (LBP) systems, replacing PCBM with ICBA results in very poor shortcircuit current (JSC) and PCE although the VOC is significantly improved. Therefore, in this work, we have completed small angle neutron scattering and neutron reflectometry experiments to study the impact of post-deposition solvent annealing (SA) with control of solvent quality on the morphology and performance of LBP bis-fullerene BHJ photovoltaics. The results show that SA in a solvent that is selective for the LBP results in a depletion of bis-fullerene near the air surface, which limits device performance. SA in a solvent vapor which has similar solubility for polymer and bis-fullerene results in a higher degree of polymer ordering, bis-fullerene phase separation, and segregation of the bis-fullerene to the air surface, which facilitates charge transport and increases power conversion efficiency (PCE) by 100%. The highest degree of polymer ordering combined with significant bis-fullerene phase separation and segregation of bis-fullerene to the air surface is obtained by SA in a solvent vapor that is selective for the bis-fullerene. The resultant morphology increases PCE by 190%. These results indicate that solvent annealing with judicious solvent choice provides a unique tool to tune the morphology of LBP bisfullerene BHJ system, providing sufficient polymer ordering, formation of a bis-fullerene pure phase, and segregation of bis-fullerene to the air surface to optimize the morphology of the active layer. Moreover, this process is broadly applicable to improving current disappointing LBP bis-fullerene systems to optimize their morphology and OPV performance post-deposition, including higher VOC and power conversion efficiency.

  2. Control of morphology and function of low band gap polymer-bis-fullerene mixed heterojunctions in organic photovoltaics with selection solvent vapor annealing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Huipeng; Hsiao, Yu-Che; Hu, Bin; Dadmun, Mark D

    2014-01-01

    Replacing PCBM with a bis-adduct fullerene (i.e. ICBA) has been reported to significantly improve the open circuit voltage (VOC) and power conversion efficiency (PCE) in P3HT bulk heterojunctions. However, for the most promising low band-gap polymer (LBP) systems, replacing PCBM with ICBA results in very poor shortcircuit current (JSC) and PCE although the VOC is significantly improved. Therefore, in this work, we have completed small angle neutron scattering and neutron reflectometry experiments to study the impact of post-deposition solvent annealing (SA) with control of solvent quality on the morphology and performance of LBP bis-fullerene BHJ photovoltaics. The results show that SA in a solvent that is selective for the LBP results in a depletion of bis-fullerene near the air surface, which limits device performance. SA in a solvent vapor which has similar solubility for polymer and bis-fullerene results in a higher degree of polymer ordering, bis-fullerene phase separation, and segregation of the bis-fullerene to the air surface, which facilitates charge transport and increases power conversion efficiency (PCE) by 100%. The highest degree of polymer ordering combined with significant bis-fullerene phase separation and segregation of bis-fullerene to the air surface is obtained by SA in a solvent vapor that is selective for the bis-fullerene. The resultant morphology increases PCE by 190%. These results indicate that solvent annealing with judicious solvent choice provides a unique tool to tune the morphology of LBP bisfullerene BHJ system, providing sufficient polymer ordering, formation of a bis-fullerene pure phase, and segregation of bis-fullerene to the air surface to optimize the morphology of the active layer. Moreover, this process is broadly applicable to improving current disappointing LBP bis-fullerene systems to optimize their morphology and OPV performance post-deposition, including higher VOC and power conversion efficiency.

  3. Bulk matter evolution and extraction of jet transport parameters in heavy-ion collisions at energies available at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Xiaofang; Greiner, Carsten; Wang Enke; Wang Xinnian; Xu Zhe

    2010-06-15

    Within the picture of jet quenching induced by multiple parton scattering and gluon bremsstrahlung, medium modification of parton fragmentation functions and therefore the suppression of large transverse-momentum hadron spectra are controlled by both the value and the space-time profile of the jet transport parameter along the jet propagation path. Experimental data on single-hadron suppression in high-energy heavy-ion collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider energy are analyzed within the higher-twist (HT) approach to the medium-modified fragmentation functions and the next-to-leading order perturbative QCD parton model. Assuming that the jet transport parameter q is proportional to the particle number density in both quark gluon plasma (QGP) and hadronic phase, experimental data on jet quenching in deeply inelastic scattering off nuclear targets can provide guidance on q{sub h} in the hot hadronic matter. One can then study the dependence of the extracted initial value of jet-quenching parameter q{sub 0} at initial time tau{sub 0} on the bulk medium evolution. Effects of transverse expansion, radial flow, phase transition, and nonequilibrium evolution are examined. The extracted values are found to vary from q{sub 0}tau{sub 0}=0.54 GeV{sup 2} in the (1+3)d ideal hydrodynamic model to 0.96 GeV{sup 2} in a cascade model, with the main differences coming from the initial nonequilibrium evolution and the later hadronic evolution. The overall contribution to jet quenching from the hadronic phase, about 22%-44%, is found to be significant. Therefore, a realistic description of the early nonequilibrium parton evolution and later hadronic interaction will be critical for accurate extraction of the jet transport parameter in the strongly interacting QGP phase in high-energy heavy-ion collisions.

  4. Utilization of Kinetic Isotope Effects for the Concentration of Tritium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Gilbert M.; Meyer, Thomas j.; Moyer, Bruce A.

    1999-06-01

    The objective of this research program is to develop methods for concentrating tritium in water based on large primary isotope effects in catalytic redox processes. Basic research is being conducted to develop the chemistry of a complete cyclic process. Because tritium (generally present as HTO) is in a rapidly established equilibrium with protio-water, it moves with groundwater and separation from water cannot be achieved by the usual pump-and-treat methods using sorbants. The general methodology developed in this work will be applicable to a number of DOE waste streams, and as a consequence of the process tritium will be incorporated into an organic compound that will not readily exchange the tritium with groundwater. The process to be developed will remove tritium from H2O by concentrating it with respect to protio-water. This research involves developing chemical cycles that produce high concentration factors for HTO and T2O based on the discrimination of C-H and C-T bonds in oxidation reactions. Several steps are required in a cyclic process for the concentration of tritium in water. In the first step the tritium is incorporated in an organic compound. H-T discrimination occurs as the tritium containing compound is oxidized in a step involving a Ru(IV) oxo complex. Strong primary kinetic isotope effects lead to the oxidation of C-H bonds in preference to C-T bonds, and this reaction leads to concentration of tritium in the organic compound. The reduced form of the ruthenium compound can be reoxidized so that the oxidation step can be made catalytic.

  5. TOKOPS: Tokamak Reactor Operations Study: The influence of reactor operations on the design and performance of tokamaks with solid-breeder blankets: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conn, R.W.; Ghoniem, N.M.; Firestone, M.A.

    1986-09-01

    Reactor system operation and procedures have a profound impact on the conception and design of power plants. These issues are studied here using a model tokamak system employing a solid-breeder blanket. The model blanket is one which has evolved from the STARFIRE and BCSS studies. The reactor parameters are similar to those characterizing near-term fusion engineering reactors such as INTOR or NET (Next European Tokamak). Plasma startup, burn analysis, and methods for operation at various levels of output power are studied. A critical, and complicating, element is found to be the self-consistent electromagnetic response of the system, including the presence of the blanket and the resulting forces and loadings. Fractional power operation, and the strategy for burn control, is found to vary depending on the scaling law for energy confinement, and an extensive study is reported. Full-power reactor operation is at a neutron wall loading pf 5 MW/m/sup 2/ and a surface heat flux of 1 MW/m/sup 2/. The blanket is a pressurized steel module with bare beryllium rods and low-activation HT-9-(9-C-) clad LiAlO/sub 2/ rods. The helium coolant pressure is 5 MPa, entering the module at 297/sup 0/C and exiting at 550/sup 0/C. The system power output is rated at 1000 MW(e). In this report, we present our findings on various operational scenarios and their impact on system design. We first start with the salient aspects of operational physics. Time-dependent analyses of the blanket and balance of plant are then presented. Separate abstracts are included for each chapter.

  6. Code for INternal DosimetrY

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2002-05-30

    The Code for Internal Dosimetry Software Package (CINDY1.4) was developed to assist in the interpretation of bioassay data, provide bioassay projections, and evaluate committed and calendar-year doses from intake or bioassay measurement data. CINDY1.4 addresses the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Order 5480.11 and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) 10 CFR 20 by providing the capabilities to calculate organ dose equivalents and effective dose equivalents using the International Commission on radiological Protection (ICRP) 30more » approach. Biokinetic models, which allow user-modified parameter values, are used to estimate intakes based on bioassay data using weighted and unweighted least-squares regression between measured and expected bioassay values, to estimate organ burdens as well as urinary and fecal excretion rates from a given intake, and to determine organ doses for annual, 50-year, calendar year, or any other time point. Intakes to be considered may be either acute or chronic, and may consist of many combinations of intake routes, radionuclides, and physical and chemical forms. A four-compartment input model (with user defined parameters) is used for wounds and absorption. Direct injection can be simulated as direct absorption. Appropriate metabolic models for each radionuclide are selected by the user from menus. Metabolic models available in CINDY1.4 are the ICRP 30 lung model, ICRP 30 gastrointestinal model, ICRP 30 general systematic model, Johnson and Dunford tritium model, ICRP 30 tritium model, including the Johnson HT lung model, Johnson alkaline earth model, ICRP 54 iodine model, tellurium-iodine model, Jones excretion model, Durbin excretion model, ICRP 54 excretion models, Wrenn-Lipsztein uranium model, Fisher Modified Wrenn-Lipsztein uranium model, and the ICRP 30 carbon model. For Windows 95 or Windows NT an alternate CD is required.« less

  7. SALTSTONE 2QCY11 TCLP RESULTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eibling, R.

    2011-07-28

    The Saltstone Production Facility (SPF) receives waste from Tank 50H for treatment. In the second quarter of the 2011 calendar year (2QCY11), Tank 50H accepted transfers of approximately 15 kgal from the Effluent Treatment Project (ETP), approximately 2 kgal from Tank 710 - the H-Canyon General Purpose Evaporator, approximately 63 kgal from the HCanyon Super Kukla campaign, approximately 370 kgal from the Actinide Removal Process/Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction Unit (ARP/MCU) Decontaminated Salt Solution Hold Tank (DSS-HT), and approximately 10 kgal from other sources. The Saltstone Grout Sampling plan provides the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) with the chemical and physical characterization strategy for the salt solution which is to be disposed of in the Z-Area Solid Waste Landfill (SWLF). During operation, samples were collected from Tank 50H and grout samples prepared to determine the non-hazardous nature of the grout to meet the requirements of the South Carolina Hazardous Waste Management Regulations (SCHWMR) R.61-79.261.24(b) and R.61-79.268.48(a). Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was asked to prepare saltstone from samples of Tank 50H obtained April 5, 2011 during 2QCY11 to determine the non-hazardous nature of the grout. The samples were cured and shipped to Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Group-Radioisotope and Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (B&W TSG-RACL) to perform the Toxic Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) and subsequent extract analysis on saltstone samples for the analytes required for the quarterly analysis saltstone sample. In addition to the eight toxic metals - arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, mercury, lead, selenium and silver - analytes included the underlying hazardous constituents (UHC) antimony, beryllium, nickel, and thallium which could not be eliminated from analysis by process knowledge. B&W TSGRACL provided subsamples to GEL Laboratories, LLC for analysis for the UHCs benzene, phenols and total and amenable cyanide.

  8. Precursors prior to type IIn supernova explosions are common: Precursor rates, properties, and correlations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ofek, Eran O.; Steinbok, Aviram; Arcavi, Iair; Gal-Yam, Avishay; Tal, David; Ben-Ami, Sagi; Yaron, Ofer [Benoziyo Center for Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100 Rehovot (Israel); Sullivan, Mark [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Shaviv, Nir J. [Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University, 91904 Jerusalem (Israel); Kulkarni, Shrinivas R. [Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Nugent, Peter E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Kasliwal, Mansi M. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Cenko, S. Bradley [Astrophysics Science Division, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Mail Code 661, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Laher, Russ; Surace, Jason [Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, M/S 314-6, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Bloom, Joshua S.; Filippenko, Alexei V. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Silverman, Jeffrey M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

    2014-07-10

    There is a growing number of Type IIn supernovae (SNe) which present an outburst prior to their presumably final explosion. These precursors may affect the SN display, and are likely related to poorly charted phenomena in the final stages of stellar evolution. By coadding Palomar Transient Factory (PTF) images taken prior to the explosion, here we present a search for precursors in a sample of 16 Type IIn SNe. We find five SNe IIn that likely have at least one possible precursor event (PTF 10bjb, SN 2010mc, PTF 10weh, SN 2011ht, and PTF 12cxj), three of which are reported here for the first time. For each SN we calculate the control time. We find that precursor events among SNe IIn are common: at the one-sided 99% confidence level, >50% of SNe IIn have at least one pre-explosion outburst that is brighter than 3 10{sup 7} L{sub ?} taking place up to 1/3 yr prior to the SN explosion. The average rate of such precursor events during the year prior to the SN explosion is likely ? 1 yr{sup 1}, and fainter precursors are possibly even more common. Ignoring the two weakest precursors in our sample, the precursors rate we find is still on the order of one per year. We also find possible correlations between the integrated luminosity of the precursor and the SN total radiated energy, peak luminosity, and rise time. These correlations are expected if the precursors are mass-ejection events, and the early-time light curve of these SNe is powered by interaction of the SN shock and ejecta with optically thick circumstellar material.

  9. Photoelectronic characterization of heterointerfaces.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brumbach, Michael Todd

    2012-02-01

    In many devices such as solar cells, light emitting diodes, transistors, etc., the performance relies on the electronic structure at interfaces between materials within the device. The objective of this work was to perform robust characterization of hybrid (organic/inorganic) interfaces by tailoring the interfacial region for photoelectron spectroscopy. Self-assembled monolayers (SAM) were utilized to induce dipoles of various magnitudes at the interface. Additionally, SAMs of molecules with varying dipolar characteristics were mixed into spatially organized structures to systematically vary the apparent work function. Polymer thin films were characterized by depositing films of varying thicknesses on numerous substrates with and without interfacial modifications. Hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) was performed to evaluate a buried interface between indium tin oxide (ITO), treated under various conditions, and poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT). Conducting polymer films were found to be sufficiently conducting such that no significant charge redistribution in the polymer films was observed. Consequently, a further departure from uniform substrates was taken whereby electrically disconnected regions of the substrate presented ideally insulating interfacial contacts. In order to accomplish this novel strategy, interdigitated electrodes were used as the substrate. Conducting fingers of one half of the electrodes were electrically grounded while the other set of electrodes were electronically floating. This allowed for the evaluation of substrate charging on photoelectron spectra (SCOPES) in the presence of overlying semiconducting thin films. Such an experiment has never before been reported. This concept was developed out of the previous experiments on interfacial modification and thin film depositions and presents new opportunities for understanding chemical and electronic changes in a multitude of materials and interfaces.

  10. Rab27a regulates epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) activity through synaptotagmin-like protein (SLP-5) and Munc13-4 effector mechanism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saxena, Sunil K. . E-mail: ssaxena@stevens.edu; Horiuchi, Hisanori; Fukuda, Mitsunori

    2006-06-02

    Liddle's syndrome (excessive absorption of sodium ions) and PHA-1 (pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1) with decreased sodium absorption are caused by the mutations in the amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel ENaC. Rab proteins are small GTPases involved in vesicle transport, docking, and fusion. Earlier, we reported that Rab27a inhibits ENaC-mediated currents through protein-protein interaction in HT-29 cells. We hereby report that Rab27a-dependent inhibition is associated with the GTP/GDP status as constitutively active or GTPase-deficient mutant Q78L inhibits amiloride-sensitive currents whereas GDP-locked inactive mutant T23N showed no effect. In order to further explore the molecular mechanism of this regulation, we performed competitive assays with two Rab27a-binding proteins: synaptotagmin-like protein (SLP-5) and Munc13-4 (a putative priming factor for exocytosis). Both proteins eliminate negative modulation of Rab27a on ENaC function. The SLP-5 reversal of Rab27a effect was restricted to C-terminal C2A/C2B domains assigned for putative phospholipids-binding function while the Rab27a-binding SHD motif imparted higher inhibition. The ENaC-mediated currents remain unaffected by Rab27a though SLP-5 appears to strongly bind it. The immunoprecipitation experiments suggest that in the presence of excessive Munc13-4 and SLP-5 proteins, Rab27a interaction with ENaC is diminished. Munc13-4 and SLP-5 limit the Rab27a availability to ENaC, thus minimizing its effect on channel function. These observations decisively prove that Rab27a inhibits ENaC function through a complex mechanism that involves GTP/GDP status, and protein-protein interactions involving Munc13-4 and SLP-5 effector proteins.

  11. Three Human Cell Types Respond to Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Titanium Dioxide Nanobelts with Cell-Specific Transcriptomic and Proteomic Expression Patterns.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tilton, Susan C.; Karin, Norman J.; Tolic, Ana; Xie, Yumei; Lai, Xianyin; Hamilton, Raymond F.; Waters, Katrina M.; Holian, Andrij; Witzmann, Frank A.; Orr, Galya

    2014-08-01

    The growing use of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) in commercial and medical applications raises the urgent need for tools that can predict NP toxicity. Global transcriptome and proteome analyses were conducted on three human cell types, exposed to two high aspect ratio NP types, to identify patterns of expression that might indicate high versus low NP toxicity. Three cell types representing the most common routes of human exposure to NPs, including macrophage-like (THP-1), small airway epithelial and intestinal (Caco-2/HT29-MTX) cells, were exposed to TiO2 nanobelts (TiO2-NB; high toxicity) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT; low toxicity) at low (10 g/mL) and high (100 g/mL) concentrations for 1 and 24 h. Unique patterns of gene and protein expressions were identified for each cell type, with no differentially expressed (p < 0.05, 1.5-fold change) genes or proteins overlapping across all three cell types. While unique to each cell type, the early response was primarily independent of NP type, showing similar expression patterns in response to both TiO2-NB and MWCNT. The early response might, therefore, indicate a general response to insult. In contrast, the 24 h response was unique to each NP type. The most significantly (p < 0.05) enriched biological processes in THP-1 cells indicated TiO2-NB regulation of pathways associated with inflammation, apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, DNA replication stress and genomic instability, while MWCNT-regulated pathways indicated increased cell proliferation, DNA repair and anti-apoptosis. These two distinct sets of biological pathways might, therefore, underlie cellular responses to high and low NP toxicity, respectively.

  12. Development of Diffusion barrier coatings and Deposition Technologies for Mitigating Fuel Cladding Chemical Interactions (FCCI)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sridharan, Kumar; Allen, Todd; Cole, James

    2013-02-27

    The goal of this project is to develop diffusion barrier coatings on the inner cladding surface to mitigate fuel-cladding chemical interaction (FCCI). FCCI occurs due to thermal and radiation enhanced inter-diffusion between the cladding and fuel materials, and can have the detrimental effects of reducing the effective cladding wall thickness and lowering the melting points of the fuel and cladding. The research is aimed at the Advanced Burner Reactor (ABR), a sodium-cooled fast reactor, in which higher burn-ups will exacerbate the FCCI problem. This project will study both diffusion barrier coating materials and deposition technologies. Researchers will investigate pure vanadium, zirconium, and titanium metals, along with their respective oxides, on substrates of HT-9, T91, and oxide dispersion-strengthened (ODS) steels; these materials are leading candidates for ABR fuel cladding. To test the efficacy of the coating materials, the research team will perform high-temperature diffusion couple studies using both a prototypic metallic uranium fuel and a surrogate?¢????the rare-earth element lanthanum. Ion irradiation experiments will test the stability of the coating and the coating-cladding interface. A critical technological challenge is the ability to deposit uniform coatings on the inner surface of cladding. The team will develop a promising non-line-of-sight approach that uses nanofluids . Recent research has shown the feasibility of this simple yet novel approach to deposit coatings on test flats and inside small sections of claddings. Two approaches will be investigated: 1) modified electrophoretic deposition (MEPD) and 2) boiling nanofluids. The coatings will be evaluated in the as-deposited condition and after sintering.

  13. Effect of intranasal manganese administration on neurotransmission and spatial learning in rats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blecharz-Klin, Kamilla; Piechal, Agnieszka; Joniec-Maciejak, Ilona; Pyrzanowska, Justyna; Widy-Tyszkiewicz, Ewa

    2012-11-15

    The effect of intranasal manganese chloride (MnCl{sub 2}4H{sub 2}O) exposure on spatial learning, memory and motor activity was estimated in Morris water maze task in adult rats. Three-month-old male Wistar rats received for 2 weeks MnCl{sub 2}4H{sub 2}O at two doses the following: 0.2 mg/kg b.w. (Mn0.2) or 0.8 mg/kg b.w. (Mn0.8) per day. Control (Con) and manganese-exposed groups were observed for behavioral performance and learning in water maze. ANOVA for repeated measurements did not show any significant differences in acquisition in the water maze between the groups. However, the results of the probe trial on day 5, exhibited spatial memory deficits following manganese treatment. After completion of the behavioral experiment, the regional brain concentrations of neurotransmitters and their metabolites were determined via HPLC in selected brain regions, i.e. prefrontal cortex, hippocampus and striatum. ANOVA demonstrated significant differences in the content of monoamines and metabolites between the treatment groups compared to the controls. Negative correlations between platform crossings on the previous platform position in Southeast (SE) quadrant during the probe trial and neurotransmitter turnover suggest that impairment of spatial memory and cognitive performance after manganese (Mn) treatment is associated with modulation of the serotonergic, noradrenergic and dopaminergic neurotransmission in the brain. These findings show that intranasally applied Mn can impair spatial memory with significant changes in the tissue level and metabolism of monoamines in several brain regions. -- Highlights: ? Intranasal exposure to manganese in rats impairs spatial memory in the water maze. ? Regional changes in levels of neurotransmitters in the brain have been identified. ? Cognitive disorder correlates with modulation of 5-HT, NA and DA neurotransmission.

  14. SALTSTONE 4QCY11 TCLP RESULTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bannochie, C.

    2012-01-31

    The Saltstone Production Facility (SPF) receives waste from Tank 50H for treatment. In the fourth quarter of the 2011 calendar year (4QCY11), Tank 50H accepted transfers of approximately 10 kgal from the Effluent Treatment Project (ETP), approximately 4 kgal from 211H, approximately 573 kgal from the Actinide Removal Process/Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction Unit (ARP/MCU) Decontaminated Salt Solution Hold Tank (DSS-HT), and approximately 5 kgal from other sources. The Saltstone Grout Sampling plan provides the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) with the chemical and physical characterization strategy for the salt solution which is to be disposed of in the Z-Area Solid Waste Landfill (SWLF). During operation, samples were collected from Tank 50H and grout samples prepared to determine the non-hazardous nature of the grout to meet the requirements of the South Carolina Hazardous Waste Management Regulations (SCHWMR) R.61-79.261.24(b) and R.61-79.268.48(a). Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was asked to prepare saltstone from samples of Tank 50H obtained Oct. 12, 2011 during 4QCY11 to determine the non-hazardous nature of the grout. The samples were cured and shipped to Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Group-Radioisotope and Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (B&W TSG-RACL) to perform the Toxic Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) 2 and subsequent extract analysis on saltstone samples for the analytes required for the quarterly analysis saltstone sample. In addition to the eight toxic metals - arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, mercury, lead, selenium and silver - analytes included the underlying hazardous constituents (UHC) antimony, beryllium, nickel, and thallium which could not be eliminated from analysis by process knowledge. B&W TSG-RACL provided subsamples to GEL Laboratories, LLC for analysis for the UHCs benzene, phenols and total and amenable cyanide.

  15. Azidothymidine and cisplatin increase p14ARF expression in OVCAR-3 ovarian cancer cell line

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vaskivuo, Liisa; Rysae, Jaana; Koivuperae, Johanna; Myllynen, Paeivi; Vaskivuo, Tommi; Chvalova, Katerina; Serpi, Raisa; Savolainen, Eeva-Riitta; Puistola, Ulla; Vaehaekangas, Kirsi . E-mail: kirsi.vahakangas@uku.fi

    2006-10-01

    p14{sup ARF} tumor suppressor protein regulates p53 by interfering with mdm2-p53 interaction. p14{sup ARF} is activated in response to oncogenic stimuli but little is known of the responses of endogenous p14{sup ARF} to different types of cellular stress or DNA damage. Azidothymidine (AZT) is being tested in several clinical trials as an enhancer of anticancer chemotherapy. However, the knowledge of the relationship between AZT and cellular pathways, e.g. p53 pathway, is very limited. In this study, we show that AZT, cisplatin (CDDP) and docetaxel (DTX) all induce unique molecular responses in OVCAR-3 ovarian carcinoma cells carrying a mutated p53, while in A2780, ovarian carcinoma and MCF-7 breast carcinoma cells with wild type p53, all of these drugs cause similar p53 responses. We found that endogenous p14{sup ARF} protein in OVCAR-3 cells is down-regulated by DTX but induced by AZT and a short CDDP pulse treatment. In HT-29 colon carcinoma cells with a mutated p53, all treatments down-regulated p14{sup ARF} protein. Both CDDP and AZT increased the expression of p14ARF mRNA in OVCAR-3 cells. Differences in cell death induced by these drugs did not explain the differences in protein and mRNA expressions. No increase in the level of either c-Myc or H-ras oncoproteins was seen in OVCAR-3 cells after AZT or CDDP-treatment. These results suggest that p14{sup ARF} can respond to DNA damage without oncogene activation in cell lines without functional p53.

  16. Sintering behavior of lanthanide-containing glass-ceramic sealants for solid oxide fuel cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goel, Ashutosh; Reddy, Allu Amarnath; Pascual, Maria J.; Gremillard, Laurent; Malchere, Annie; Ferreira, Jose M.

    2012-05-01

    This article reports on the influence of different lanthanides (La, Nd, Gd and Yb) on sintering behavior of alkaline-earth aluminosilicate glass-ceramics sealants for their application in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). All the glasses have been prepared by melt-quench technique. The in situ follow up of sintering behavior of glass powders has been done by high temperature - environmental scanning electron microscope (HT-ESEM) and hot-stage microscope (HSM) while the crystalline phase evolution and assemblage has been analyzed by x-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). All the glass compositions exhibit a glass-in-glass phase separation followed by two stage sintering resulting in well sintered glass powder compacts after heat treatment at 850 C for 1 h. Diopside (CaMgSi{sub 2}O{sub 6}) based phases constituted the major crystalline part in glass-ceramics followed by some minor phases. The increase in lanthanide content in glasses suppressed their tendency towards devitrification, thus, resulting in glass-ceramics with high amount of residual glassy phase (50-96 wt.%) which is expected to facilitate their self-healing behavior during SOFC operation. The electrical conductivity of the investigated glass-ceramics varied between (1.19 and 7.33) x 10{sup -7} S cm{sup -1} (750-800 C), and depended on the ionic field strength of lanthanide cations. Further experimentation with respect to the long term thermal and chemical stability of residual glassy phase under SOFC operation conditions along with high temperature viscosity measurements will be required in order to elucidate the potential of these glass-ceramics as self-healing sealants.

  17. High Performance Organic Photovoltaics via Novel Materials Combinations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laird, Dr Darin; McGuiness, Dr Christine; Storch, Mark

    2011-01-20

    OPV cell efficiencies have increased significantly over the last decade and verified champion efficiencies are currently at 8.3% for both single and multi-junction device types. These increases in efficiency have been driven through the development and optimization of the donor and acceptor materials in bulk heterojunction active layers. Plextronics and Solarmer Energy Inc. are two of the world leading developers of these donor and acceptor materials. Solarmer Energy has reported NREL certified 6.77% efficiencies using optimized low band gap donor materials in combination with PC61BM and PC71BM acceptors and recently reported a champion NREL certified efficiency of 8.1%. Plextronics has reported Newport certified efficiencies of 6.7% using PC71BM acceptors with low band gap materials. In addition, Plextronics has also demonstrated that OPV efficiency of P3HT based materials can be improved by 50% by improving the Voc using alternative acceptors (indene substituted C60 and C70) to PC61BM and PC71BM. However, performance of these alternative acceptors in combination with low band gap materials has not been investigated and the potential for efficiency improvement is evident. In this collaboration, four low band gap donor materials from Solarmer Energy Inc were combined with Plextronics indene-class acceptors Plextronics indene substituted C60 and C70 acceptors to demonstrate OPV performance greater than 7%. Two main indene class C60 acceptors (codenamed Mono-indene[C60] Mono-indene[C60] , Bis-indene[C60] ) were screened with the Solarmer polymers. These four polymers were screened and optimized with the indene class acceptors at both Plextronics and Solarmer. A combination was identified which produced 6.7% (internal measurement) with a Solarmer polymer and a Plextronics fullerene acceptor. This was accomplished primarily by improving the Voc as well as improving the current (Jsc) and FF.

  18. Radioimmunotoxin Therapy of Experimental Colon and Ovarian Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buchsbaum, Donald J.; Vallera, Daniel A.

    2006-02-09

    To pursue the development of radiolabeled immunotoxins (RIT) for colon cancer, it was first necessary to identify an immunotoxin (IT) that could selectively kill colon cancer cell lines. Recently, our collaborators in the Vallera laboratory have observed that potent recombinant IT can be synthesized using recombinant single chain antibodies (sFv) spliced to truncated diphtheria toxin (DT) consisting of the first 390 amino acids of native DT. DT was chosen as a toxin because it is a catalytic bacterial toxin that is easily manipulated in genetic engineering studies. Also, the Vallera lab has developed new procedures for preparing the sFv fusion toxins from bacterial inclusion bodies such as DT and another good genetic engineering toxin pseudomonas exotoxin (PE) based on detergent refolding. This allows for enhanced yields and higher purity that is essential for generating the protein that will be needed for preparation of larger amounts of RIT for therapy. Many potential sFvs were considered for targeting colon cancer. The best results have been obtained with an sFv recognizing EpCam. EpCam, also known as ESA or EGP40, is a 40 kDa epithelial transmembrane glycoprotein found on the basolateral surface of simple, pseudostratified, and transitional epithelia. It has been found overexpressed on 81% of adenocarcinomas of the colon (Went et al. Human pathology 35:122, 2004). EpCam sliced to DT (DTEpCam) was highly potent in studies in which we measured its ability to inhibit the proliferation of the HT-29 and COLO 205 colon cancer cell lines since we measured its IC50 at 1-2 x 10-2 nM. Potency is important, but is also critical that DTEpCam is selective in its cytotoxicity against EpCam-expressing target colon cancer cells. The activity of DTEpCam was highly selective since irrelevant control IT that did not recognize any markers on cancer cells, did not show any activity against the same colon cancer cell lines. Also, blocking studies were performed in which DTEpCam was mixed with the EpCam sFv that was synthesized without any toxin attached. The proliferation studies showed that EpCam sFv was able to block the killing of the EpCam expressing cells by DTEpCam. An irrelevant control protein, 1D10Fc was unable to block. Together, these studies indicated that EpCam was exquisitely selective. In order to produce an IT of even greater potency, we used a toxin containing the Golgi retention sequence KDEL. The same EpCam sFv was spliced to truncated PE containing the terminal KDEL sequence. The addition of KDEL enhanced the potency of the EpCam sFv IT at least 6 logs or 1000-fold with an IC50 of 2 to 7 x 10-8 nM. This conjugate was also shown to be highly selective. Taken together, all of these studies indicate that in vitro experiments have shown that we have a highly potent IT that selectively kills colon cancer cells. The next step was to show that the EpCam IT had the ability to inhibit the growth of flank tumors in vivo in nude mice. The same human colon tumor cells, HT29 used in the in vitro studies were injected into the flank of nude mice. Tumor cells were injected into groups of mice and when tumors reached the size of 0.5 cm3, we injected our best-performing EpCam IT called EpCamKDEL intratumorally. There was a significant drop in tumor size indicating that this agent was very effective against human colon cancer. Since the EpCamKDEL was injected intratumorally, it did not have to travel through the systemic circulation to find its target. Our next step will be to inject EpCamKDEL intravenously into mice with flank tumors to determine if EpCamKDEL has the ability to migrate to the tumor systemically. The next step was to radiolabel EpCamKDEL to see whether it could serve as an RIT. We radiolabeled EpCam with 111In as a surrogate for 90Y and then incubated it with HT29. The labeling efficiency was over 90% indicating that a high percentage of the protein molecules could be readily radiolabeled. However, the immunoreactivity was only 20% indicating that only 20% of those molecules were able to specifically bind antigen once t

  19. MULTI-WAVELENGTH OBSERVATIONS OF THE SPATIO-TEMPORAL EVOLUTION OF SOLAR FLARES WITH AIA/SDO. II. HYDRODYNAMIC SCALING LAWS AND THERMAL ENERGIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aschwanden, Markus J. [Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, Org. ADBS, Bldg. 252, 3251 Hanover St., Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); Shimizu, Toshifumi, E-mail: aschwanden@lmsal.com, E-mail: shimizu.toshifumi@isas.jaxa.jp [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan)

    2013-10-20

    In this study we measure physical parameters of the same set of 155 M- and X-class solar flares observed with AIA/SDO as analyzed in Paper I, by performing a differential emission measure analysis to determine the flare peak emission measure EM{sub p} , peak temperature T{sub p} , electron density n{sub p} , and thermal energy E{sub th}, in addition to the spatial scales L, areas A, and volumes V measured in Paper I. The parameter ranges for M- and X-class flares are log (EM{sub p}) = 47.0-50.5, T{sub p} = 5.0-17.8 MK, n{sub p} = 4 10{sup 9}-9 10{sup 11} cm{sup 3}, and thermal energies of E{sub th} = 1.6 10{sup 28}-1.1 10{sup 32} erg. We find that these parameters obey the Rosner-Tucker-Vaiana (RTV) scaling law T{sub p}{sup 2}?n{sub p} L and H?T {sup 7/2} L {sup 2} during the peak time t{sub p} of the flare density n{sub p} , when energy balance between the heating rate H and the conductive and radiative loss rates is achieved for a short instant and thus enables the applicability of the RTV scaling law. The application of the RTV scaling law predicts power-law distributions for all physical parameters, which we demonstrate with numerical Monte Carlo simulations as well as with analytical calculations. A consequence of the RTV law is also that we can retrieve the size distribution of heating rates, for which we find N(H)?H {sup 1.8}, which is consistent with the magnetic flux distribution N(?)??{sup 1.85} observed by Parnell et al. and the heating flux scaling law F{sub H} ?HL?B/L of Schrijver et al.. The fractal-diffusive self-organized criticality model in conjunction with the RTV scaling law reproduces the observed power-law distributions and their slopes for all geometrical and physical parameters and can be used to predict the size distributions for other flare data sets, instruments, and detection algorithms.

  20. Probing non-standard gravity with the growth index: a background independent analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steigerwald, Heinrich; Marinoni, Christian; Bel, Julien E-mail: jbel@cpt.univ-mrs.fr

    2014-05-01

    Measurements of the growth index of linear matter density fluctuations ?(z) provide a clue as to whether Einstein's field equations encompass gravity also on large cosmic scales, those where the expansion of the universe accelerates. We show that the information encoded in this function can be satisfactorily parameterized using a small set of coefficients ?{sub i}, in such a way that the true scaling of the growth index is recovered to better than 1% in most dark energy and dark gravity models. We find that the likelihood of current data, given this formalism and the ? Cold Dark Matter (?CDM) expansion model of Planck, is maximal for ?{sub 0} = 0.74{sup +0.44}{sub ?0.41} and ?{sub 1} = 0.01{sup +0.46}{sub ?0.46}, a measurement compatible with the ?CDM predictions (?{sub 0} = 0.545, ?{sub 1} = ?0.007). In addition, data tend to favor models predicting slightly less growth of structures than the Planck ?CDM scenario. The main aim of the paper is to provide a prescription for routinely calculating, in an analytic way, the amplitude of the growth indices ?{sub i} in relevant cosmological scenarios, and to show that these parameters naturally define a space where predictions of alternative theories of gravity can be compared against growth data in a manner which is independent from the expansion history of the cosmological background. As the standard ?-plane provides a tool to identify different expansion histories H(t) and their relation to various cosmological models, the ?-plane can thus be used to locate different growth rate histories f(t) and their relation to alternatives model of gravity. As a result, we find that the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati gravity model is rejected with a 95% confidence level. By simulating future data sets, such as those that a Euclid-like mission will provide, we also show how to tell apart ?CDM predictions from those of more extreme possibilities, such as smooth dark energy models, clustering quintessence or parameterized post-Friedmann cosmological models.

  1. Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility (ATR NSUF) Monthly Report November 2014

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Soelberg, Renae

    2014-11-01

    Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility (ATR NSUF) Monthly Report November 2014 Highlights Rory Kennedy and Sarah Robertson attended the American Nuclear Society Winter Meeting and Nuclear Technology Expo in Anaheim, California, Nov. 10-13. ATR NSUF exhibited at the technology expo where hundreds of meeting participants had an opportunity to learn more about ATR NSUF. Dr. Kennedy briefed the Nuclear Engineering Department Heads Organization (NEDHO) on the workings of the ATR NSUF. • Rory Kennedy, James Cole and Dan Ogden participated in a reactor instrumentation discussion with Jean-Francois Villard and Christopher Destouches of CEA and several members of the INL staff. • ATR NSUF received approval from the NE-20 office to start planning the annual Users Meeting. The meeting will be held at INL, June 22-25. • Mike Worley, director of the Office of Innovative Nuclear Research (NE-42), visited INL Nov. 4-5. Milestones Completed • Recommendations for the Summer Rapid Turnaround Experiment awards were submitted to DOE-HQ Nov. 12 (Level 2 milestone due Nov. 30). Major Accomplishments/Activities • The University of California, Santa Barbara 2 experiment was unloaded from the GE-2000 at HFEF. The experiment specimen packs will be removed and shipped to ORNL for PIE. • The Terrani experiment, one of three FY 2014 new awards, was completed utilizing the Advanced Photon Source MRCAT beamline. The experiment investigated the chemical state of Ag and Pd in SiC shell of irradiated TRISO particles via X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (XAFS) spectroscopy. Upcoming Meetings/Events • The ATR NSUF program review meeting will be held Dec. 9-10 at L’Enfant Plaza. In addition to NSUF staff and users, NE-4, NE-5 and NE-7 representatives will attend the meeting. Awarded Research Projects Boise State University Rapid Turnaround Experiments (14-485 and 14-486) Nanoindentation and TEM work on the T91, HT9, HCM12A and 9Cr ODS specimens has been completed at CAES by Boise State PI Janelle Wharry and Cory Dolph. PI Corey Dolph returned in early November to complete their research by performing nanoindentation on unirradiated specimens that will be used as a baseline for their research.

  2. Low-temperature hydrothermal synthesis of the three-layered sodium cobaltite P3-Na{sub x}CoO{sub 2} (x ? 0.60)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miclau, M.; Bokinala, K.; Miclau, N.

    2014-06-01

    Highlights: We report direct synthesis of the high temperature stable phase, P3-Na{sub 0.6}CoO{sub 2}. The hydrothermal synthesis of P3-Na{sub 0.6}CoO{sub 2} involves one step and low temperature. The yield diagram for NaCoH{sub 2}O system has been builded up to 250 C. We propose a formation mechanism of P3-Na{sub 0.6}CoO{sub 2} phase using the unit cell theory. The thermal stability of P3-Na{sub 0.6}CoO{sub 2} has been investigated by means of HT-XRD. - Abstract: In order to obtain the layered sodium cobalt oxide materials by hydrothermal synthesis, the yield diagram for NaCoH{sub 2}O system has been built and studied. In the same time, the well-known data of CoH{sub 2}O system have been extended at 250 C in basic solution. We had first synthesized directly the high temperature stable phase, P3-Na{sub 0.6}CoO{sub 2} by a one-step low-temperature hydrothermal method. The rhombohedral structure of P3-Na{sub 0.6}CoO{sub 2} has been determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the purity of phases has been confirmed by XPS. The thermal stability of P3-Na{sub 0.6}CoO{sub 2} has been investigated by means of high temperature X-ray diffraction in 298873 K range and when the temperature has reached 723 K, the completely transformation of P3-Na{sub 0.6}CoO{sub 2} in the rhombohedral stable phase ?-NaCoO{sub 2} (space group R-3m) was observed. Also, a formation mechanism of P3-Na{sub 0.6}CoO{sub 2} phase using the unit cell theory in the hydrothermal process was proposed.

  3. Matrigel Basement Membrane Matrix influences expression of microRNAs in cancer cell lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, Karina J.; School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, WA 6008 ; Tsykin, Anna; School of Molecular and Biomedical Science, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005 ; Giles, Keith M.; Sladic, Rosemary T.; Epis, Michael R.; Ganss, Ruth; Goodall, Gregory J.; School of Molecular and Biomedical Science, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005; Department of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005 ; Leedman, Peter J.

    2012-10-19

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Matrigel alters cancer cell line miRNA expression relative to culture on plastic. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Many identified Matrigel-regulated miRNAs are implicated in cancer. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer miR-1290, -210, -32 and -29b represent a Matrigel-induced miRNA signature. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer miR-32 down-regulates Integrin alpha 5 (ITGA5) mRNA. -- Abstract: Matrigel is a medium rich in extracellular matrix (ECM) components used for three-dimensional cell culture and is known to alter cellular phenotypes and gene expression. microRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression and have roles in cancer. While miRNA profiles of numerous cell lines cultured on plastic have been reported, the influence of Matrigel-based culture on cancer cell miRNA expression is largely unknown. This study investigated the influence of Matrigel on the expression of miRNAs that might facilitate ECM-associated cancer cell growth. We performed miRNA profiling by microarray using two colon cancer cell lines (SW480 and SW620), identifying significant differential expression of miRNAs between cells cultured in Matrigel and on plastic. Many of these miRNAs have previously been implicated in cancer-related processes. A common Matrigel-induced miRNA signature comprised of up-regulated miR-1290 and miR-210 and down-regulated miR-29b and miR-32 was identified using RT-qPCR across five epithelial cancer cell lines (SW480, SW620, HT-29, A549 and MDA-MB-231). Experimental modulation of these miRNAs altered expression of their known target mRNAs involved in cell adhesion, proliferation and invasion, in colon cancer cell lines. Furthermore, ITGA5 was identified as a novel putative target of miR-32 that may facilitate cancer cell interactions with the ECM. We propose that culture of cancer cell lines in Matrigel more accurately recapitulates miRNA expression and function in cancer than culture on plastic and thus is a valuable approach to the in vitro study of miRNAs.

  4. Analysis of fission gas release kinetics by on-line mass spectrometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zerega, Y.; Reynard-Carette, C.; Parrat, D.; Carette, M.; Brkic, B.; Lyoussi, A.; Bignan, G.; Janulyte, A.; Andre, J.; Pontillon, Y.; Ducros, G.; Taylor, S.

    2011-07-01

    The release of fission gas (Xe and Kr) and helium out of nuclear fuel materials in normal operation of a nuclear power reactor can constitute a strong limitation of the fuel lifetime. Moreover, radioactive isotopes of Xe and Kr contribute significantly to the global radiological source term released in the primary coolant circuit in case of accidental situations accompanied by fuel rod loss of integrity. As a consequence, fission gas release investigation is of prime importance for the nuclear fuel cycle economy, and is the driven force of numerous R and D programs. In this domain, for solving current fuel behavior understanding issues, preparing the development of new fuels (e.g. for Gen IV power systems) and for improving the modeling prediction capability, there is a marked need for innovations in the instrumentation field, mainly for: . Quantification of very low fission gas concentrations, released from fuel sample and routed in sweeping lines. Monitoring of quick gas release variations by quantification of elementary release during a short period of time. Detection of a large range of atomic masses (e.g. H{sub 2}, HT, He, CO, CO{sub 2}, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe), together with a performing separation of isotopes for Xe and Kr elements. Coupling measurement of stable and radioactive gas isotopes, by using in parallel mass spectrometry and gamma spectrometry techniques. To fulfill these challenging needs, a common strategy for analysis equipment implementation has been set up thanks to a recently launched collaboration between the CEA and the Univ. of Provence, with the technological support of the Liverpool Univ.. It aims at developing a chronological series of mass spectrometer devices based upon mass filter and 2D/3D ion traps with Fourier transform operating mode and having increasing levels of performances to match the previous challenges for out-of pile and in-pile experiments. The final objective is to install a high performance online mass spectrometer coupled to a gamma spectrometer in the fission product laboratory of the future Jules Horowitz Material Test Reactor. An intermediate step will consist of testing first equipment on an existing experimental facility in the LECA-STAR Hot Cell Laboratory of the CEA Cadarache. This paper presents the scientific and operational stakes linked to fission gas issues, resumes the current state of art for analyzing them in nuclear facilities, then presents the skills gathered through this collaboration to overcome technological bottlenecks. Finally it describes the implementation strategy in nuclear research facilities of the CEA Cadarache. (authors)

  5. SALTSTONE 1QCY11 TCLP RESULTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reigel, M.

    2011-05-16

    A Saltstone waste form was prepared in the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) from a Tank 50H sample and Z-Area premix material for the first quarter of calendar year 2011 (1QCY11). After the prescribed 28 day cure, samples of the saltstone were collected, and the waste form was shown to meet the South Carolina Hazardous Waste Management Regulations (SCHWMR) R.61-79.261.24 and R.61-79.268.48(a) requirements for a nonhazardous waste form with respect to RCRA metals and underlying hazardous constituents. These analyses met all quality assurance specifications of USEPA SW-846. The Saltstone Production Facility (SPF) receives waste from Tank 50H for treatment. In the first quarter of the 2011 calendar year (1QCY11), Tank 50H accepted transfers of approximately 15 kgal from the Effluent Treatment Project (ETP), approximately 15 kgal from Tank 710 - the H-Canyon General Purpose Evaporator, approximately 73 kgal from the H-Canyon Super Kukla campaign, approximately 285 kgal from the Actinide Removal Process/Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction Unit (ARP/MCU) Decontaminated Salt Solution Hold Tank (DSS-HT), and approximately 21 kgal from other sources. The Saltstone Grout Sampling plan provides the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) with the chemical and physical characterization strategy for the salt solution which is to be disposed of in the Z-Area Solid Waste Landfill (SWLF). During operation, samples were collected from Tank 50H and grout samples prepared to determine the non-hazardous nature of the grout to meet the requirements of the South Carolina Hazardous Waste Management Regulations (SCHWMR) R.61-79.261.24(b) and R.61-79.268.48(a). Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was asked to prepare saltstone from samples of Tank 50H obtained January 5, 2011 during 1QCY11 to determine the non-hazardous nature of the grout. The samples were cured and shipped to Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Group-Radioisotope and Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (B&W TSG-RACL) to perform the Toxic Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) and subsequent extract analysis on saltstone samples for the analytes required for the quarterly analysis saltstone sample. In addition to the eight toxic metals-arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, mercury, lead, selenium and silver-analytes included the underlying hazardous constituents (UHC) antimony, beryllium, nickel, and thallium which could not be eliminated from analysis by process knowledge. B&W TSG-RACL provided subsamples to GEL Laboratories, LLC for analysis for the UHCs benzene, phenols and total and amenable cyanide.

  6. SALTSTONE 3QCY11 TCLP RESULTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bannochie, C.

    2012-01-12

    A Saltstone waste form was prepared in the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) from a Tank 50H sample and Z-Area premix material for the third quarter of calendar year 2011 (3QCY11). After the prescribed 32 day cure, samples of the saltstone were collected, and the waste form was shown to meet the South Carolina Hazardous Waste Management Regulations (SCHWMR) R.61-79.261.24 and R.61-79.268.48(a) requirements for a nonhazardous waste form with respect to RCRA metals and underlying hazardous constituents. These analyses met all quality assurance specifications of USEPA SW-846. The Saltstone Production Facility (SPF) receives waste from Tank 50H for treatment. In the third quarter of the 2011 calendar year (3QCY11), Tank 50H accepted transfers of approximately 20 kgal from the Effluent Treatment Project (ETP), approximately 236 kgal from the Actinide Removal Process/Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction Unit (ARP/MCU) Decontaminated Salt Solution Hold Tank (DSS-HT), and approximately 25 kgal from other sources. The Saltstone Grout Sampling plan provides the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) with the chemical and physical characterization strategy for the salt solution which is to be disposed of in the Z-Area Solid Waste Landfill (SWLF). During operation, samples were collected from Tank 50H and grout samples prepared to determine the non-hazardous nature of the grout to meet the requirements of the South Carolina Hazardous Waste Management Regulations (SCHWMR) R.61-79.261.24(b) and R.61-79.268.48(a). Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was asked to prepare saltstone from samples of Tank 50H obtained July 7, 2011 during 3QCY11 to determine the non-hazardous nature of the grout. The samples were cured and shipped to Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Group-Radioisotope and Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (B&W TSG-RACL) to perform the Toxic Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) and subsequent extract analysis on saltstone samples for the analytes required for the quarterly analysis saltstone sample. In addition to the eight toxic metals - arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, mercury, lead, selenium and silver - analytes included the underlying hazardous constituents (UHC) antimony, beryllium, nickel, and thallium which could not be eliminated from analysis by process knowledge. B&W TSG-RACL provided subsamples to GEL Laboratories, LLC for analysis for the UHCs benzene, phenols and total and amenable cyanide.

  7. Temperature dependent Raman scattering and far-infrared reflectance spectra of MgO modified Pb{sub 0.99}(Zr{sub 0.95}Ti{sub 0.05}){sub 0.98}Nb{sub 0.02}O{sub 3} ceramics: A composition effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duan, Z. H.; Chang, P.; Hu, Z. G. Chu, J. H.; Wang, J. X.; Wang, G. S.; Dong, X. L.

    2014-09-07

    Lattice dynamics and phase transition of MgO modified Pb{sub 0.99}(Zr{sub 0.95}Ti{sub 0.05}){sub 0.98}Nb{sub 0.02}O{sub 3} (PZTN-x wt. % MgO, x?=?0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5) ceramics have been investigated by far-infrared (FIR) reflectance in the temperature range of 5.5300?K and Raman spectra between 77 and 300?K, respectively. With the aid of above complementary methods, the structure of all ceramics was defined as low-temperature ferroelectric rhombohedral phase [F{sub R(LT)}] at room temperature. The FIR dielectric functions were extracted from the multi-Lorentz oscillator dispersion model. The lowest frequency phonon mode, which is related to Pb-BO{sub 3} (B?=?Zr, Ti, Nb) vibration, mainly dominates the FIR dielectric response. With increasing MgO composition, the dielectric constants ?(0) at room temperature are estimated to 85.4, 73.4, 73.9, and 41.9, respectively. The decreasing trend can be due to the doubly ionized oxygen vacancies induced by Mg substitution for B-site. The order-disorder phase transition located around 120?K can be clearly clarified from temperature evolution of phonon frequency, damping, and intensity. It decreases slightly with increasing MgO composition, which influence the distortion due to the broken correlation chains and local permanent dipoles creation. Moreover, the transformation from antiferroelectric orthorhombic A{sub O} to [ F{sub R(LT)} ] phase has been observed around 250?K, which is associated with the antiferroelectric displacement of Pb atoms along ? 110 ? and coupled rotations of the corner-connected oxygen octahedral. Furthermore, the transition from [ F{sub R(LT)} ] to [ F{sub R(HT)} ] (high-temperature ferroelectric rhombohedral phase) was identified around 290?K for MgO-doped PZTN ceramics. It arises from the shift of cation (Pb and Zr/Ti/Nb/Mg ions) along the ? 111 ? direction and the transition temperature slightly decreases compared to the pure ceramic.

  8. Crystal structure and phase transition mechanisms in CsFe{sub 2}F{sub 6}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Molokeev, M.S.; Bogdanov, E.V.; Misyul, S.V.; Tressaud, A.; Flerov, I.N.

    2013-04-15

    For the first time, structural phase transitions induced by the temperature were found in A{sub x}M{sub x}{sup II}M{sub (1?x)}{sup III}F{sub 3} fluorides with the defect pyrochlore structure (Fd3{sup }m, Z=8). The room temperature structure of CsFe{sub 2}F{sub 6} was determined using X-ray powder diffraction technique. This phase was found to be ordered with the Pnma space group. The study of the temperature stability of orthorhombic structure by differential scanning calorimeter between 100 K and 700 K has shown a succession of phase transitions. The Pnma (Z=4)?Imma (Z=4)?I4{sub 1}/amd (Z=4)?Fd3{sup }m (Z=8) structural sequence was proposed to occur within a rather narrow temperature range 500560 K. The mechanism of structural transition has been mainly associated with the rotation of (MF{sub 6}) octahedra and small displacements of some Fe atoms. This assumption is in good agreement with the low experimental entropy value, which is characteristic for displacive transformations. - Graphical abstract: Mechanism of phase transition between the HT cubic form of CsFe{sub 2}F{sub 6} at 573 K (left) and the room temperature orthorhombic form at 298 K (right). The grey rectangles are clusters of five FeF{sub 6} octahedra. Highlights: ? Structural transition found for the first time in CsFe{sub 2}F{sub 6} with defect pyrochlore type. ? Fe{sup II} and Fe{sup III} atoms are ordered in room temperature Pnma form of CsFe{sub 2}F{sub 6}. ? Pnma(Z=4)?Imma(Z=4)?I4{sub 1}/amd(Z=4)?Fd-3m(Z=8) transition sequence is proposed. ? Structural transition due to rotation of MF{sub 6} groups+small displacements of Fe atoms. ? The low value of the entropy is in agreement with a displacive-type transition.

  9. Bulk Nanostructured FCC Steels With Enhanced Radiation Tolerance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Xinghang; Hartwig, K. Ted; Allen, Todd; Yang, Yong

    2012-10-27

    The objective of this project is to increase radiation tolerance in austenitic steels through optimization of grain size and grain boundary (GB) characteristics. The focus will be on nanocrystalline austenitic Fe-Cr-Ni alloys with an fcc crystal structure. The long-term goal is to design and develop bulk nanostructured austenitic steels with enhanced void swelling resistance and substantial ductility, and to enhance their creep resistance at elevated temperatures via GB engineering. The combination of grain refinement and grain boundary engineering approaches allows us to tailor the material strength, ductility, and resistance to swelling by 1) changing the sink strength for point defects, 2) by increasing the nucleation barriers for bubble formation at GBs, and 3) by changing the precipitate distributions at boundaries. Compared to ferritic/martensitic steels, austenitic stainless steels (SS) possess good creep and fatigue resistance at elevated temperatures, and better toughness at low temperature. However, a major disadvantage of austenitic SS is that they are vulnerable to significant void swelling in nuclear reactors, especially at the temperatures and doses anticipated in the Advanced Burner Reactor. The lack of resistance to void swelling in austenitic alloys led to the switch to ferritic/martensitic steels as the preferred material for the fast reactor cladding application. Recently a type of austenitic stainless steel, HT-UPS, was developed at ORNL, and is expected to show enhanced void swelling resistance through the trapping of point defects at nanometersized carbides. Reducing the grain size and increasing the fraction of low energy grain boundaries should reduce the available radiation-produced point defects (due to the increased sink area of the grain boundaries), should make bubble nucleation at the boundaries less likely (by reducing the fraction of high-energy boundaries), and improve the strength and ductility under radiation by producing a higher density of nanometer sized carbides on the boundaries. This project will focus on void swelling but advances in processing of austenitic steels are likely to also improve the radiation response of the mechanical properties.

  10. Medium Truck Duty Cycle Data from Real-World Driving Environments: Project Interim Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franzese, Oscar; Lascurain, Mary Beth; Capps, Gary J

    2011-01-01

    Since the early part of the 20th century, the US trucking industry has provided a safe and economical means of moving commodities across the country. At the present time, nearly 80% of the US domestic freight movement involves the use of trucks. The US Department of Energy (DOE) is spearheading a number of research efforts to improve heavy vehicle fuel efficiencies. This includes research in engine technologies (including hybrid and fuel cell technologies), lightweight materials, advanced fuels, and parasitic loss reductions. In addition, DOE is developing advanced tools and models to support heavy vehicle truck research, and is leading the 21st Century Truck Partnership whose stretch goals involve a reduction by 50% of the fuel consumption of heavy vehicles on a ton-mile basis. This Medium Truck Duty Cycle (MTDC) Project is a critical element in DOE s vision for improved heavy vehicle energy efficiency and is unique in that there is no other national database of characteristic duty cycles for medium trucks. It involves the collection of real-world data for various situational characteristics (rural/urban, freeway/arterial, congested/free-flowing, good/bad weather, etc.) and looks at the unique nature of medium trucks drive cycles (stop-and-go delivery, power takeoff, idle time, short-radius trips), to provide a rich source of data that can contribute to the development of new tools for fuel efficiency and modeling, provide DOE a sound basis upon which to make technology investment decisions, and provide a national archive of real-world-based medium-truck operational data to support heavy vehicle energy efficiency research. The MTDC project involves a two-part field operational test (FOT). For the Part-1 FOT, three vehicles, each from two vocations (urban transit and dry-box delivery) were instrumented for one year of data collection. The Part-2 FOT will involve the towing/recovery and utility vocations. The vehicles participating in the MTDC project are doing so through gratis partnerships in return for early access to the results of this study. Partnerships such as these are critical to FOTs in which real-world data is being collected. In Part 1 of the project, Oak Ridge National Laboratory(ORNL) established partnerships with the H.T. Hackney Company, one of the largest wholesale distributors in the country, distributing products to 21 states; and with the Knoxville Area Transit (KAT), the City of Knoxville s transit system, operating services across the city of Knoxville and parts of Knox co. These partnerships and agreements provided ORNL access to three Class-7 2005/2007 International day-cab tractors, model 8600, which regularly haul 28 ft pup trailers (H.T. Hackney Co) and three Class-7 2005 Optima LF-34 buses (KAT), for collection of duty cycle data. In addition, ORNL has collaborated with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to determine if there were possible synergies between this duty cycle data collection effort and FMCSA s need to learn more about the operation and duty cycles of the second-largest fuel consuming commercial vehicle category in the US. FMCSA s primary interest was in collecting safety data relative to the driver, carrier, and vehicle. In order to collect the duty cycle and safety-related data, ORNL developed a data acquisition and wireless communication system that was placed on each test vehicle. Each signal recorded in this FOT was collected by means of one of the instruments incorporated into each data acquisition system (DAS). Native signals were obtained directly from the vehicle s J1939 and J1708 data buses. A VBOX II Lite collected Global Positioning System related information including speed, acceleration, and spatial location information at a rate of 5 Hz, and communicated this data via the CAN (J1939) protocol. The Air-Weigh LoadMaxx, a self-weighing system which determines the vehicle s gross weight by means of pressure transducers and posts the weight to the vehicle s J1939 data bus, was used to collect vehicle payload information. A cellular modem, the Raven X

  11. OPERATIONAL AND COMPOSITIONAL FACTORS THAT AFFECT THE PERFORMANCE PROPERTIES OF ARP/MCU SALTSTONE GROUT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reigel, M.; Edwards, T.; Pickenheim, B.

    2012-02-15

    The Saltstone Production Facility (SPF) receives low level waste (LLW) salt solution from Tank 50H for treatment and disposal. Tank 50H receives transfers from the Effluent Treatment Project (ETP), the H-Canyon General Purpose Evaporator, and the Actinide Removal Process/Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction Unit (ARP/MCU) Decontaminated Salt Solution Hold Tank (DSS-HT). At the SPF, the LLW is mixed with premix (a cementitious mixture of portland cement (PC), blast furnace slag (BFS) and Class F fly ash (FA)) in a Readco mixer to produce fresh (uncured) saltstone that is transferred to the Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF) vaults. The saltstone formulation (mix design) must produce a grout waste form that meets both placement and performance properties. In previous simulated saltstone studies, multiple compositional factors were identified that drive the performance properties of saltstone made from the projected ARP/MCU salt solution. This composition was selected as salt solution simulant since ARP/MCU is the primary influent into Tank 50H. The primary performance property investigated was hydraulic conductivity since it is a variable input property to the saltstone Performance Assessment (PA) transport model. In addition, the porosity, also referred to as void structure, is another variable that impacts the PA response. In addition, Young's modulus and cured density are other performance properties analyzed in this report; however they are indicators of the performance of saltstone and not direct inputs into the PA. The data from previous studies showed that the largest impact on the performance properties of saltstone was due to curing temperature, followed by aluminate concentration in the salt solution, water to premix ratio and premix composition. However, due to the scope of the previous studies, only a few mixes were cured and analyzed at higher temperatures. The samples cured at 60 C had an increased hydraulic conductivity of approximately 600 times that of the sample cured at room temperature. The hydration reactions initiated during the mixing of the premix and salt solution continue during the curing period in the vaults to produce the hardened waste form product. The heat generated from exothermic hydration reactions results in a temperature increase in the vaults that depends on the composition of the decontaminated salt solution being dispositioned, the grout formulation (mix design) and the pour frequency and volume. This heat generation is a contributing factor to the temperature increase in the vaults that leads to an increased cure temperature for the grout. This report will further investigate the impact of curing temperature on saltstone performance properties (hydraulic conductivity, Young's modulus, porosity, etc.) over a range of aluminate concentration, water to premix (w/p) ratio and weight percent fly ash in the premix processed at the SPF. The three curing temperatures selected for this study were chosen to provide data at fixed cure temperatures that represent measured temperatures in the SDF vaults. This does not represent the conditions in the vault where the temperature of the saltstone is continually changing with time. For example, it may take several days for the saltstone to reach 60 C at a given elevation. Previous results demonstrated that the rates at which a selected curing temperature is reached affect the performance properties. The approach taken in this task, a rapid increase to the curing temperature, may be conservative with respect to decreased performance. Nevertheless, the data will provide a basis from which to determine the impact of curing temperature on saltstone performance as a function of key variables. A statistical evaluation of the results for these mixes will be performed to provide the range, and associated uncertainties, of hydraulic conductivity and other properties over this factor space.

  12. FUNDAMENTAL STUDY OF MICRO-DEFECTS IN ELECTROPOLISHED EB-WELDED AND HYDROFORMED SRF ACCELERATING STRUCTURES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sumption, Mike

    2014-08-29

    In the area of niobium elecroploshing fundamentals, we focused on undersanding the influence of the surface topology, and geometry (with effects from gravity included. The formation of a viscous film is essential for the electropolishing process to take place. The exact nature and composition of the film formed on niobium is still unknown because of its solubility in the electrolyte. Extensive pitting may take place at surface where a stable film cannot form. This has to be taken into consideration while determining the speed with which the SRF cavities are rotated while EP. Hydrodynamic aspects must be taken into consideration while optimizing the polishing parameters. There is improvement in surface finish with polishing time. There is a huge change in surface quality when the EP time is increased from 2 hours to 4 hours but not much change takes place when the time is further increased to 6 hours. So keeping the economic points in view, about 100 um defect layer removal may be sufficient to get the desired performance. In the area of Electropolishing of untreated and treated niobium with Weld Joints we studied untreated and treated Nb, especially for the heat affected areas next to welded bumps, electropolished for different durations. The electropolishing of the untreated Nb caused the formation of pits on the surface at about 15 min but they disappeared when the electropolishing duration was more than 15 min. Electropolishing for 120 min smoothened the surface of untreated Nb by levelling the surface, but the severe formation of pits on the whole surface was found after 240 min. The treatment of Nb significantly changed the Nb surface morphology which was covered by grains of different size that looked light or dark in the optical microscope. The treated Nb was susceptible to pitting during the entire electropolishing starting from 15 min and the dark grains had more susceptibility to pitting than the light grains. In addition, electropolishing for 240 min again resulted in severe pit formation. In the area of Bulge test and microstructure studies, we worked to create a useful constitutive relationship for the complex stress state that accompanies SRF cavity formation. To do so, bulge tests were performed on Cu and Nb tube samples that exhibited the greatest degrees of uniaxial elongation after HT. The data from the bulge tests and an accompanying set of tensile tests provided input to a finite-element model that recreated the bulge tests numerically. As expected the model based on the bulge test results fit the experimental data well at least at low stress levels safely below the bursting pressure. Not so for that based on the tensile results. The results of the study emphasize the importance of for bulge testing rather than tensile testing when deriving the constitutional relationships eventually needed for modelling the hydroforming of Nb SRF cavities.

  13. Independent Analysis of Real-Time, Measured Performance Data From Microcogenerative Fuel Cell Systems Installed in Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dillon, Heather E.; Colella, Whitney G.

    2015-06-01

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is working with industry to independently monitor up to 15 distinct 5 kW-electric (kWe) combined heat and power (CHP) high temperature (HT) proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell systems (FCSs) installed in light commercial buildings. This research paper discusses an evaluation of the first six months of measured performance data acquired at a 1 s sampling rate from real-time monitoring equipment attached to the FCSs at building sites. Engineering performance parameters are independently evaluated. Based on an analysis of the first few months of measured operating data, FCS performance is consistent with manufacturer-stated performance. Initial data indicate that the FCSs have relatively stable performance and a long-term average production of about 4.57 kWe of power. This value is consistent with, but slightly below, the manufacturer's stated rated electric power output of 5 kWe. The measured system net electric efficiency has averaged 33.7%, based on the higher heating value (HHV) of natural gas fuel. This value, also, is consistent with, but slightly below, the manufacturer's stated rated electric efficiency of 36%. The FCSs provide low-grade hot water to the building at a measured average temperature of about 48.4 degrees C, lower than the manufacturer's stated maximum hot water delivery temperature of 65 degrees C. The uptime of the systems is also evaluated. System availability can be defined as the quotient of total operating time compared to time since commissioning. The average values for system availability vary between 96.1 and 97.3%, depending on the FCS evaluated in the field. Performance at rated value for electrical efficiency (PRVeff) can be defined as the quotient of the system time operating at or above the rated electric efficiency and the time since commissioning. The PRVeff varies between 5.6% and 31.6%, depending on the FCS field unit evaluated. Performance at rated value for electrical power (PRVp) can be defined as the quotient of the system time operating at or above the rated electric power and the time since commissioning. PRVp varies between 6.5% and 16.2%. Performance at rated value for electrical efficiency and power (PRVt) can be defined as the quotient of the system time operating at or above both the rated electric efficiency and the electric power output compared to the time since commissioning. PRVt varies between 0.2% and 1.4%. Optimization to determine the manufacturer rating required to achieve PRVt greater than 80% has been performed based on the collected data. For example, for FCS Unit 130 to achieve a PRVt of 95%, it would have to be down-rated to an electrical power output of 3.2 kWe and an electrical efficiency of 29%. The use of PRV as an assessment metric for FCSs has been developed and reported for the first time in this paper. For FCS Unit 130, a maximum decline in electric power output of approximately 18% was observed over a 500 h period in Jan. 2012.

  14. In-situ Neutron Scattering Determination of 3D Phase-Morphology Correlations in Fullerene Block Copolymer Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karim, Alamgir; Bucknall, David; Raghavan, Dharmaraj

    2015-02-23

    High efficiency solar energy devices can potentially meet all global energy requirements by efficiently harvesting energy from the solar spectrum. However, for solar technologies to be ubiquitous and meet the global power requirements, innovative and revolutionary approaches to trap solar energy are needed. In this regard, organic photovoltaics (OPVs) have drawn much attention, largely due to the ease with which OPVs can be manufactured at much lower costs compared to conventional inorganic PVs. Currently the most efficient OPV devices (at ~10%) are still below a technologically useful efficiency (~15%). It can be argued that to date most of the development of the OPVs has been driven by their electronic properties, without much consideration or understanding of the structure and morphology of the organic components and in particular how these affect the performance of the solar cell devices. It is only in the last few years that the latter has begun to be addressed. Arguably, without a complete understanding of the effect of morphology and structure on device performance, the theoretical maximum efficiency of these devices is unlikely to ever be realized. A thorough understanding of the structure and morphology of the polymers and how this affects device efficiency is vital to achieve the full potential of OPVs. If OPV devices with 15% efficiency can be achieved, coupled with the predicted low cost of processing, such devices would create an enabling technology, making these types of solar cells significant power generators and thereby reduce the dependency on conventional energy sources. This would fulfill the economic solar energy challenge identified by the NAE in their Grand Challenges of the 21st Century. In this project, we conducted a directed series of experiments to determine morphology-property correlations in bulk heterojunction films by careful control of the OPV structure and morphology. Unlike most research undertaken in the PV arena, this is mostly a fundamental study that does not set out to evaluate new materials or produce devices, but rather we wish to understand from first principles how the molecular structure of polymer-fullerene mixtures determined using neutron scattering (small angle neutron scattering and neutron reflection) affects device characteristics and consequently performance. While this seems a very obvious question to ask, this critical understanding is far from being realized despite the wealth of studies into OPVs and is severely limiting organic PV devices from achieving their theoretical potential. Despite the fundamental nature of proposed work, it is essential to remain technologically relevant and therefore to ensure we address these issues we have developed relationships on the fundamental nature of structure-processing-property paradigm as applied to future need for large area, flexible OPV devices. Nanoscale heterojunction systems consisting of fullerenes dispersed in conjugated polymers are promising materials candidates for achieving high performance organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices. In order to understand the phase behavior in these devices, neutron reflection is used to determine the behavior of model conjugated polymer-fullerene mixtures. Neutron reflection is particularly useful for these types of thin film studies since the fullerene generally have a high scattering contrast with respect to most polymers. We are studying model bulk heterojunction (BHJ) films based on mixtures of poly(3-hexyl thiophene)s (P3HT), a widely used photoconductive polymer, and different fullerenes (C60, PCBM and bis-PCBM). The characterization technique of neutron reflectivity measurements have been used to determine film morphology in a direction normal to the film surfaces. The novelty of the approach over previous studies is that the BHJ layer is sandwiched between a PEDOT/PSS and Al layers in real device configuration. Using this model system, the effect of typical thermal annealing processes on the film development as a function of the polythiophene-fullerene mixtures is measured.

  15. Lithium As Plasma Facing Component for Magnetic Fusion Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masayuki Ono

    2012-09-10

    The use of lithium in magnetic fusion confinement experiments started in the 1990's in order to improve tokamak plasma performance as a low-recycling plasma-facing component (PFC). Lithium is the lightest alkali metal and it is highly chemically reactive with relevant ion species in fusion plasmas including hydrogen, deuterium, tritium, carbon, and oxygen. Because of the reactive properties, lithium can provide strong pumping for those ions. It was indeed a spectacular success in TFTR where a very small amount (~ 0.02 gram) of lithium coating of the PFCs resulted in the fusion power output to improve by nearly a factor of two. The plasma confinement also improved by a factor of two. This success was attributed to the reduced recycling of cold gas surrounding the fusion plasma due to highly reactive lithium on the wall. The plasma confinement and performance improvements have since been confirmed in a large number of fusion devices with various magnetic configurations including CDX-U/LTX (US), CPD (Japan), HT-7 (China), EAST (China), FTU (Italy), NSTX (US), T-10, T-11M (Russia), TJ-II (Spain), and RFX (Italy). Additionally, lithium was shown to broaden the plasma pressure profile in NSTX, which is advantageous in achieving high performance H-mode operation for tokamak reactors. It is also noted that even with significant applications (up to 1,000 grams in NSTX) of lithium on PFCs, very little contamination (< 0.1%) of lithium fraction in main fusion plasma core was observed even during high confinement modes. The lithium therefore appears to be a highly desirable material to be used as a plasma PFC material from the magnetic fusion plasma performance and operational point of view. An exciting development in recent years is the growing realization of lithium as a potential solution to solve the exceptionally challenging need to handle the fusion reactor divertor heat flux, which could reach 60 MW/m2 . By placing the liquid lithium (LL) surface in the path of the main divertor heat flux (divertor strike point), the lithium is evaporated from the surface. The evaporated lithium is quickly ionized by the plasma and the ionized lithium ions can provide a strongly radiative layer of plasma ("radiative mantle"), thus could significantly reduce the heat flux to the divertor strike point surfaces, thus protecting the divertor surface. The protective effects of LL have been observed in many experiments and test stands. As a possible reactor divertor candidate, a closed LL divertor system is described. Finally, it is noted that the lithium applications as a PFC can be quite flexible and broad. The lithium application should be quite compatible with various divertor configurations, and it can be also applied to protecting the presently envisioned tungsten based solid PFC surfaces such as the ones for ITER. Lithium based PFCs therefore have the exciting prospect of providing a cost effective flexible means to improve the fusion reactor performance, while providing a practical solution to the highly challenging divertor heat handling issue confronting the steadystate magnetic fusion reactors.

  16. Corrosion performance of advanced structural materials in sodium.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Natesan, K.; Momozaki, Y.; Li, M.; Rink, D.L.

    2012-05-16

    This report gives a description of the activities in design, fabrication, construction, and assembling of a pumped sodium loop for the sodium compatibility studies on advanced structural materials. The work is the Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) portion of the effort on the work project entitled, 'Sodium Compatibility of Advanced Fast Reactor Materials,' and is a part of Advanced Materials Development within the Reactor Campaign. The objective of this project is to develop information on sodium corrosion compatibility of advanced materials being considered for sodium reactor applications. This report gives the status of the sodium pumped loop at Argonne National Laboratory, the specimen details, and the technical approach to evaluate the sodium compatibility of advanced structural alloys. This report is a deliverable from ANL in FY2010 (M2GAN10SF050302) under the work package G-AN10SF0503 'Sodium Compatibility of Advanced Fast Reactor Materials.' Two reports were issued in 2009 (Natesan and Meimei Li 2009, Natesan et al. 2009) which examined the thermodynamic and kinetic factors involved in the purity of liquid sodium coolant for sodium reactor applications as well as the design specifications for the ANL pumped loop for testing advanced structural materials. Available information was presented on solubility of several metallic and nonmetallic elements along with a discussion of the possible mechanisms for the accumulation of impurities in sodium. That report concluded that the solubility of many metals in sodium is low (<1 part per million) in the temperature range of interest in sodium reactors and such trace amounts would not impact the mechanical integrity of structural materials and components. The earlier report also analyzed the solubility and transport mechanisms of nonmetallic elements such as oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and hydrogen in laboratory sodium loops and in reactor systems such as Experimental Breeder Reactor-II, Fast Flux Test Facility, and Clinch River Breeder Reactor. Among the nonmetallic elements discussed, oxygen is deemed controllable and its concentration in sodium can be maintained in sodium for long reactor life by using cold-trap method. It was concluded that among the cold-trap and getter-trap methods, the use of cold trap is sufficient to achieve oxygen concentration of the order of 1 part per million. Under these oxygen conditions in sodium, the corrosion performance of structural materials such as austenitic stainless steels and ferritic steels will be acceptable at a maximum core outlet sodium temperature of {approx}550 C. In the current sodium compatibility studies, the oxygen concentration in sodium will be controlled and maintained at {approx}1 ppm by controlling the cold trap temperature. The oxygen concentration in sodium in the forced convection sodium loop will be controlled and monitored by maintaining the cold trap temperature in the range of 120-150 C, which would result in oxygen concentration in the range of 1-2 ppm. Uniaxial tensile specimens are being exposed to flowing sodium and will be retrieved and analyzed for corrosion and post-exposure tensile properties. Advanced materials for sodium exposure include austenitic alloy HT-UPS and ferritic-martensitic steels modified 9Cr-1Mo and NF616. Among the nonmetallic elements in sodium, carbon was assessed to have the most influence on structural materials since carbon, as an impurity, is not amenable to control and maintenance by any of the simple purification methods. The dynamic equilibrium value for carbon in sodium systems is dependent on several factors, details of which were discussed in the earlier report. The current sodium compatibility studies will examine the role of carbon concentration in sodium on the carburization-decarburization of advanced structural materials at temperatures up to 650 C. Carbon will be added to the sodium by exposure of carbon-filled iron tubes, which over time will enable carbon to diffuse through iron and dissolve into sodium. The method enables addition of dissolved carbon (without carb

  17. Modifying the organic/electrode interface in Organic Solar Cells (OSCs) and improving the efficiency of solution-processed phosphorescent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (OLEDs)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiao, Teng

    2012-04-27

    Organic semiconductors devices, such as, organic solar cells (OSCs), organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) and organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) have drawn increasing interest in recent decades. As organic materials are flexible, light weight, and potentially low-cost, organic semiconductor devices are considered to be an alternative to their inorganic counterparts. This dissertation will focus mainly on OSCs and OLEDs. As a clean and renewable energy source, the development of OSCs is very promising. Cells with 9.2% power conversion efficiency (PCE) were reported this year, compared to < 8% two years ago. OSCs belong to the so-called third generation solar cells and are still under development. While OLEDs are a more mature and better studied field, with commercial products already launched in the market, there are still several key issues: (1) the cost of OSCs/OLEDs is still high, largely due to the costly manufacturing processes; (2) the efficiency of OSCs/OLEDs needs to be improved; (3) the lifetime of OSCs/OLEDs is not sufficient compared to their inorganic counterparts; (4) the physics models of the behavior of the devices are not satisfactory. All these limitations invoke the demand for new organic materials, improved device architectures, low-cost fabrication methods, and better understanding of device physics. For OSCs, we attempted to improve the PCE by modifying the interlayer between active layer/metal. We found that ethylene glycol (EG) treated poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): polystyrenesulfonate (PEDOT: PSS) improves hole collection at the metal/polymer interface, furthermore it also affects the growth of the poly(3- hexylthiophene) (P3HT):phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) blends, making the phase segregation more favorable for charge collection. We then studied organic/inorganic tandem cells. We also investigated the effect of a thin LiF layer on the hole-collection of copper phthalocyanine (CuPc)/C70-based small molecular OSCs. A thin LiF layer serves typically as the electron injection layer in OLEDs and electron collection interlayer in the OSCs. However, several reports showed that it can also assist in holeinjection in OLEDs. Here we first demonstrate that it assists hole-collection in OSCs, which is more obvious after air-plasma treatment, and explore this intriguing dual role. For OLEDs, we focus on solution processing methods to fabricate highly efficient phosphorescent OLEDs. First, we investigated OLEDs with a polymer host matrix, and enhanced charge injection by adding hole- and electron-transport materials into the system. We also applied a hole-blocking and electron-transport material to prevent luminescence quenching by the cathode. Finally, we substituted the polymer host by a small molecule, to achieve more efficient solution processed small molecular OLEDs (SMOLEDs); this approach is cost-effective in comparison to the more common vacuum thermal evaporation. All these studies help us to better understand the underlying relationship between the organic semiconductor materials and the OSCs and OLEDs performance and will subsequently assist in further enhancing the efficiencies of OSCs and OLEDs. With better efficiency and longer lifetime, the OSCs and OLEDs will be competitive with their inorganic counterparts.

  18. Final Technical Report: Development of Post‐Installation Monitoring Capabilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polagye, Brian

    2014-03-31

    The development of approaches to harness marine and hydrokinetic energy at large‐scale is predicated on the compatibility of these generation technologies with the marine environment. At present, aspects of this compatibility are uncertain. Demonstration projects provide an opportunity to address these uncertainties in a way that moves the entire industry forward. However, the monitoring capabilities to realize these advances are often under‐developed in comparison to the marine and hydrokinetic energy technologies being studied. Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County has proposed to deploy two 6‐meter diameter tidal turbines manufactured by OpenHydro in northern Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound, Washington. The goal of this deployment is to provide information about the environmental, technical, and economic performance of such turbines that can advance the development of larger‐scale tidal energy projects, both in the United States and internationally. The objective of this particular project was to develop environmental monitoring plans in collaboration with resource agencies, while simultaneously advancing the capabilities of monitoring technologies to the point that they could be realistically implemented as part of these plans. In this, the District was joined by researchers at the Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center at the University of Washington, Sea Mammal Research Unit, LLC, H.T. Harvey & Associates, and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Over a two year period, the project team successfully developed four environmental monitoring and mitigation plans that were adopted as a condition of the operating license for the demonstration project that issued by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission in March 2014. These plans address nearturbine interactions with marine animals, the sound produced by the turbines, marine mammal behavioral changes associated with the turbines, and changes to benthic habitat associated with colonization of the subsea base support structure. In support of these plans, the project team developed and field tested a strobe‐illuminated stereooptical camera system suitable for studying near‐turbine interactions with marine animals. The camera system underwent short‐term field testing at the proposed turbine deployment site and a multi‐month endurance test in shallower water to evaluate the effectiveness of biofouling mitigation measures for the optical ports on camera and strobe pressure housings. These tests demonstrated that the camera system is likely to meet the objectives of the near‐turbine monitoring plan and operate, without maintenance, for periods of at least three months. The project team also advanced monitoring capabilities related to passive acoustic monitoring of marine mammals and monitoring of tidal currents. These capabilities will be integrated in a recoverable monitoring package that has a single interface point with the OpenHydro turbines, connects to shore power and data via a wet‐mate connector, and can be recovered to the surface for maintenance and reconfiguration independent of the turbine. A logical next step would be to integrate these instruments within the package, such that one instrument can trigger the operation of another.

  19. Concerns in Marine Renewable Energy Projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kramer, Sharon; Previsic, Mirko; Nelson, Peter; Woo, Sheri

    2010-06-17

    To accelerate the adoption of these emerging marine hydrokinetic technologies, navigational and environmental issues and concerns must be identified and addressed. As hydrokinetic projects move forward, various stakeholders will need to be engaged; one of the key issues that project proponents face as they engage stakeholders is that many conflicting uses and environmental issues are not well-understood. Much of this lack of understanding comes from a limited understanding of the technologies themselves. To address this issue, in September 2008, RE Vision consulting, LLC, was selected by the Department of Energy, under their market acceleration program, to apply a scenario-based assessment approach to the emerging hydrokinetic technology sector. The goal was to improve understanding of potential environmental and navigation impacts of these technologies and focus stakeholders on the critical issues. To meet this goal, the study established baseline scenarios for wave and tidal power conversion at potential future deployment sites. The scenarios captured variations in technical approaches and deployment scales and thus grounded the analysis in realistic constraints. The work conducted under this award provides an important foundation to other market acceleration activities carried out by the DOE and other stakeholders in this sector. The scenarios were then evaluated using a framework developed by H.T. Harvey & Associates to identify and characterize key environmental concerns and uncertainties. In collaboration with PCCI and the U.S. Coast Guard, navigation issues were assessed and guidelines developed to assure the safe operation of these systems. Finally, the work highlights “next steps” to take to continue development and adoption of marine hydrokinetic energy. Throughout the project, close collaboration with device developers, project developers and regulatory stakeholders was pursued to ensure that assumptions and constraints are realistic. Results concur with most of the permitting hurdles experienced by on-going projects in the U.S., and specific recommendations are provided for identifying and addressing them. While many areas of further research were identified, the study did not identify any major show-stoppers, largely because these technologies have a relatively low environmental risk-profile if compared to other activities routinely permitted in the marine environment. The frameworks and representative scenarios developed provide an objective and transparent tool for stakeholders, regulators and developers to assist in the decision-making process for siting wave and tidal energy plants, and meet our goal of improving understanding between all stakeholders. The final product consists of three reports: Report 1 - Wave Energy Scenarios. This report includes: A technology characterization of four different wave energy technologies, including major technical specifications, device performance, and technical siting considerations; A site characterization of two potential deployment sites located in Hawaii and California; Outlines of device installation, O&M and decommissioning activities; Navigational demarcation requirements; and, Deployment Scenarios, identifying all the major life-cycle-related impacts. Report 2 - Tidal Energy Scenarios. This report includes: A technology characterization of three tidal energy technologies, including major technical specifications, device performance, and technical siting considerations; A site characterization of one potential deployment location in the Puget Sound, Washington; Outlines of device installation, O&M and decommissioning activities; Navigational demarcation requirements; and, Deployment Scenarios, identifying all the major life-cycle-related impacts.Report 3 - Framework for Identifying Key Environmental Concerns. This report describes frameworks for identifying key environmental effects and applies them to the wave and tidal energy deployment scenarios described in the first two reports. It highlights critical issues and recommendations for future research.

  20. Code qualification of structural materials for AFCI advanced recycling reactors.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Natesan, K.; Li, M.; Majumdar, S.; Nanstad, R.K.; Sham, T.-L.

    2012-05-31

    This report summarizes the further findings from the assessments of current status and future needs in code qualification and licensing of reference structural materials and new advanced alloys for advanced recycling reactors (ARRs) in support of Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI). The work is a combined effort between Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) with ANL as the technical lead, as part of Advanced Structural Materials Program for AFCI Reactor Campaign. The report is the second deliverable in FY08 (M505011401) under the work package 'Advanced Materials Code Qualification'. The overall objective of the Advanced Materials Code Qualification project is to evaluate key requirements for the ASME Code qualification and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) approval of structural materials in support of the design and licensing of the ARR. Advanced materials are a critical element in the development of sodium reactor technologies. Enhanced materials performance not only improves safety margins and provides design flexibility, but also is essential for the economics of future advanced sodium reactors. Code qualification and licensing of advanced materials are prominent needs for developing and implementing advanced sodium reactor technologies. Nuclear structural component design in the U.S. must comply with the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section III (Rules for Construction of Nuclear Facility Components) and the NRC grants the operational license. As the ARR will operate at higher temperatures than the current light water reactors (LWRs), the design of elevated-temperature components must comply with ASME Subsection NH (Class 1 Components in Elevated Temperature Service). However, the NRC has not approved the use of Subsection NH for reactor components, and this puts additional burdens on materials qualification of the ARR. In the past licensing review for the Clinch River Breeder Reactor Project (CRBRP) and the Power Reactor Innovative Small Module (PRISM), the NRC/Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards (ACRS) raised numerous safety-related issues regarding elevated-temperature structural integrity criteria. Most of these issues remained unresolved today. These critical licensing reviews provide a basis for the evaluation of underlying technical issues for future advanced sodium-cooled reactors. Major materials performance issues and high temperature design methodology issues pertinent to the ARR are addressed in the report. The report is organized as follows: the ARR reference design concepts proposed by the Argonne National Laboratory and four industrial consortia were reviewed first, followed by a summary of the major code qualification and licensing issues for the ARR structural materials. The available database is presented for the ASME Code-qualified structural alloys (e.g. 304, 316 stainless steels, 2.25Cr-1Mo, and mod.9Cr-1Mo), including physical properties, tensile properties, impact properties and fracture toughness, creep, fatigue, creep-fatigue interaction, microstructural stability during long-term thermal aging, material degradation in sodium environments and effects of neutron irradiation for both base metals and weld metals. An assessment of modified versions of Type 316 SS, i.e. Type 316LN and its Japanese version, 316FR, was conducted to provide a perspective for codification of 316LN or 316FR in Subsection NH. Current status and data availability of four new advanced alloys, i.e. NF616, NF616+TMT, NF709, and HT-UPS, are also addressed to identify the R&D needs for their code qualification for ARR applications. For both conventional and new alloys, issues related to high temperature design methodology are described to address the needs for improvements for the ARR design and licensing. Assessments have shown that there are significant data gaps for the full qualification and licensing of the ARR structural materials. Development and evaluation of structural materials require a variety of experimental facilities that have been seriously degraded in the past. The availability and additional needs for the key experimental facilities are summarized at the end of the report. Detailed information covered in each Chapter is given.

  1. Medium Truck Duty Cycle Data from Real-World Driving Environments: Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lascurain, Mary Beth; Franzese, Oscar; Capps, Gary J; Siekmann, Adam; Thomas, Neil; LaClair, Tim J; Barker, Alan M; Knee, Helmut E

    2012-11-01

    Since the early part of the 20th century, the US trucking industry has provided a safe and economical means of moving commodities across the country. At present, nearly 80% of US domestic freight movement involves the use of trucks. The US Department of Energy (DOE) is spearheading a number of research efforts to improve heavy vehicle fuel efficiencies. This includes research in engine technologies (including hybrid and fuel cell technologies), lightweight materials, advanced fuels, and parasitic loss reductions. In addition, DOE is developing advanced tools and models to support heavy vehicle research and is leading the 21st Century Truck Partnership and the SuperTruck development effort. Both of these efforts have the common goal of decreasing the fuel consumption of heavy vehicles. In the case of SuperTruck, a goal of improving the overall freight efficiency of a combination tractor-trailer has been established. This Medium Truck Duty Cycle (MTDC) project is a critical element in DOE s vision for improved heavy vehicle energy efficiency; it is unique in that there is no other existing national database of characteristic duty cycles for medium trucks based on collecting data from Class 6 and 7 vehicles. It involves the collection of real-world data on medium trucks for various situational characteristics (e.g., rural/urban, freeway/arterial, congested/free-flowing, good/bad weather) and looks at the unique nature of medium trucks drive cycles (stop-and-go delivery, power takeoff, idle time, short-radius trips). This research provides a rich source of data that can contribute to the development of new tools for FE and modeling, provide DOE a sound basis upon which to make technology investment decisions, and provide a national archive of real-world-based medium-truck operational data to support energy efficiency research. The MTDC project involved a two-part field operational test (FOT). For the Part-1 FOT, three vehicles each from two vocations (urban transit and dry-box delivery) were instrumented for the collection of one year of operational data. The Part-2 FOT involved the towing and recovery and utility vocations for a second year of data collection. The vehicles that participated in the MTDC project did so through gratis partnerships in return for early access to the results of this study. Partnerships such as these are critical to FOTs in which real-world data is being collected. In Part 1 of the project, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) established partnerships with the H.T. Hackney Company (HTH), one of the largest wholesale distributors in the country, distributing products to 21 states; and with Knoxville Area Transit (KAT), the city of Knoxville s transit system, which operates across Knoxville and parts of Knox County. These partnerships and agreements provided ORNL access to three Class-7 day-cab tractors that regularly haul 28 ft pup trailers (HTH) and three Class-7 buses for the collection of duty cycle data. In addition, ORNL collaborated with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to determine if there were possible synergies between this duty cycle data collection effort and FMCSA s need to learn more about the operation and duty cycles of medium trucks. FMCSA s primary interest was in collecting safety data relative to the driver, carrier, and vehicle. In Part 2 of the project, ORNL partnered with the Knoxville Utilities Board, which made available three Class-8 trucks. Fountain City Wrecker Service was also a Part 2 partner, providing three Class-6 rollback trucks. In order to collect the duty cycle and safety-related data, ORNL developed a data acquisition system (DAS) that was placed on each test vehicle. Each signal recorded in this FOT was collected by means of one of the instruments incorporated into each DAS. Other signals were obtained directly from the vehicle s J1939 and J1708 data buses. A VBOX II Lite collected information available from a global positioning system (GPS), including speed, acceleration, and spatial location information at a rate of 5 Hz for the Part 1

  2. 11,23,1,1,,19,10,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ELLSWORTH",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2941,0,0,3518,0,0,4870,0,0,1732,0,0,3252,0,0,2193,0,0,134,0,0,447,0,0,465,0,0,538,0,0,4295,0,0,3601,0,0,1469,6,50159,"WAT","HY"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    NAD_UTIL","FILLER","EFFDATE","STATUS","MULTIST","YEAR","GEN01","CON01","STK01","GEN02","CON02","STK02","GEN03","CON03","STK03","GEN04","CON04","STK04","GEN05","CON05","STK05","GEN06","CON06","STK06","GEN07","CON07","STK07","GEN08","CON08","STK08","GEN09","CON09","STK09","GEN10","CON10","STK10","GEN11","CON11","STK11","GEN12","CON12","STK12","PCODE","NERC","UTILCODE","FUELDESC","PMDESC" 11,23,1,1,,19,10,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ELLSWORTH",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2941,0,0,3518,0,0,4870,0,0,1732,0,0,3252,0,0,2193,0,0,134,0,0,447,0,0,465,0,0,538,0,0,4295,0,0,3601,0,0,1469,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,15,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","HOWLAND",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,772,0,0,858,0,0,1012,0,0,727,0,0,1061,0,0,917,0,0,385,0,0,118,0,0,0,0,0,657,0,0,905,0,0,820,0,0,1472,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,30,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MEDWAY",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2116,0,0,1715,0,0,1459,0,0,1821,0,0,1946,0,0,2134,0,0,2157,0,0,1797,0,0,1745,0,0,1829,0,0,2224,0,0,2386,0,0,1474,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,19,30,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MEDWAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,553,181,307,419,0,0,593,31,55,538,66,120,418,219,399,383,324,598,481,313,579,614,97,178,575,1,2,573,0,0,608,98,171,611,1474,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,19,35,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MILFORD",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,3843,0,0,3348,0,0,4177,0,0,3759,0,0,4855,0,0,4740,0,0,2971,0,0,2432,0,0,1786,0,0,1561,0,0,3510,0,0,4606,0,0,1475,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,45,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ORONO",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,895,0,0,836,0,0,966,0,0,576,0,0,624,0,0,736,0,0,684,0,0,464,0,0,408,0,0,616,0,0,849,0,0,896,0,0,1476,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,55,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","STILLWATER",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,1191,0,0,844,0,0,939,0,0,1021,0,0,1114,0,0,1181,0,0,1170,0,0,878,0,0,818,0,0,880,0,0,923,0,0,950,0,0,1478,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,60,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","VEAZIE A",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,4314,0,0,3855,0,0,5043,0,0,5153,0,0,6053,0,0,5342,0,0,3542,0,0,2651,0,0,2281,0,0,3932,0,0,5128,0,0,3842,0,0,1479,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,62,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","VEAZIE B",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7199,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,19,68,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","BAR HARBOR",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,42,73,538,379,659,574,0,0,574,73,128,446,69,125,512,225,420,440,312,579,556,449,813,455,32,60,586,49,89,497,6,10,487,152,264,571,1466,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,19,75,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","EASTPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,39,70,576,80,139,412,0,0,586,10,18,557,32,58,494,111,204,464,172,317,495,182,334,509,19,36,472,0,0,470,15,29,429,67,117,460,1468,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,37,5,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ANDROSCOG 3",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2536,0,0,2573,0,0,2732,0,0,2703,0,0,2639,0,0,2235,0,0,2379,0,0,2201,0,0,1657,0,0,2352,0,0,2282,0,0,2805,0,0,1480,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,10,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BAR MILLS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2420,0,0,1389,0,0,2414,0,0,2364,0,0,2584,0,0,1195,0,0,623,0,0,586,0,0,293,0,0,1310,0,0,2401,0,0,2056,0,0,1481,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,20,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BONNY EAGLE",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,6041,0,0,3654,0,0,5858,0,0,5255,0,0,4575,0,0,2217,0,0,1233,0,0,1084,0,0,592,0,0,3323,0,0,7098,0,0,4100,0,0,1482,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,40,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CATARACT",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5330,0,0,4194,0,0,4953,0,0,4656,0,0,4888,0,0,5331,0,0,818,0,0,662,0,0,102,0,0,2232,0,0,5064,0,0,4090,0,0,1486,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,42,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CONTINENTAL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-14,0,0,-15,0,0,322,0,0,72,0,0,147,0,0,12,0,0,3,0,0,13,0,0,15,0,0,109,0,0,555,0,0,-18,0,0,1487,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,50,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","DEER RIP 1",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2694,0,0,2434,0,0,4080,0,0,3776,0,0,4034,0,0,2023,0,0,686,0,0,215,0,0,83,0,0,1916,0,0,3984,0,0,3453,0,0,1488,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,60,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","FT HALIFAX",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,959,0,0,424,0,0,1026,0,0,961,0,0,925,0,0,526,0,0,51,0,0,5,0,0,155,0,0,380,0,0,977,0,0,659,0,0,1490,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,75,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","GULF ISLAND",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,10764,0,0,9131,0,0,13512,0,0,13282,0,0,13485,0,0,8299,0,0,5537,0,0,4070,0,0,2892,0,0,9130,0,0,15549,0,0,11464,0,0,1491,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,80,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HARRIS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,14325,0,0,24479,0,0,22937,0,0,6538,0,0,5448,0,0,21283,0,0,13285,0,0,11928,0,0,12813,0,0,10770,0,0,19708,0,0,26783,0,0,1492,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,85,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HIRAM",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5791,0,0,3447,0,0,5873,0,0,6762,0,0,6516,0,0,2778,0,0,1397,0,0,1182,0,0,155,0,0,2992,0,0,7160,0,0,4285,0,0,1493,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,90,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 2",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,1280,0,0,585,0,0,1625,0,0,606,0,0,869,0,0,350,0,0,2,0,0,-1,0,0,9,0,0,710,0,0,1668,0,0,745,0,0,1497,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,95,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 3",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,753,0,0,330,0,0,977,0,0,349,0,0,507,0,0,180,0,0,0,0,0,-6,0,0,0,0,0,414,0,0,1038,0,0,416,0,0,1498,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,100,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 4",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,405,0,0,183,0,0,451,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1499,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,105,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 5",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,699,0,0,292,0,0,0,0,0,378,0,0,0,0,0,203,0,0,13,0,0,9,0,0,4,0,0,408,0,0,923,0,0,390,0,0,1500,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,110,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","NO GORHAM",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,1215,0,0,963,0,0,842,0,0,520,0,0,455,0,0,503,0,0,595,0,0,604,0,0,413,0,0,340,0,0,740,0,0,1180,0,0,1501,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,125,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SHAWMUT",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5226,0,0,5495,0,0,6547,0,0,5776,0,0,5295,0,0,4910,0,0,3475,0,0,2346,0,0,2571,0,0,3529,0,0,4803,0,0,6066,0,0,1504,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,130,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SKELTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,13276,0,0,8614,0,0,12134,0,0,11304,0,0,11550,0,0,5199,0,0,2833,0,0,2610,0,0,687,0,0,6731,0,0,13037,0,0,9456,0,0,1505,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,145,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WEST BUXTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,4424,0,0,2556,0,0,4381,0,0,3723,0,0,3292,0,0,1602,0,0,798,0,0,745,0,0,418,0,0,1944,0,0,4334,0,0,3045,0,0,1508,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,150,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WESTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,8095,0,0,8443,0,0,9513,0,0,8520,0,0,7843,0,0,7850,0,0,5819,0,0,4618,0,0,4257,0,0,5361,0,0,7925,0,0,9347,0,0,1509,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,155,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WILLIAMS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,9171,0,0,9162,0,0,10255,0,0,6585,0,0,7543,0,0,8658,0,0,6098,0,0,5593,0,0,5308,0,0,5891,0,0,8857,0,0,10646,0,0,1510,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,160,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN HYDRO",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,30298,0,0,37016,0,0,38382,0,0,18735,0,0,24745,0,0,31774,0,0,20433,0,0,17564,0,0,16353,0,0,19735,0,0,40234,0,0,38504,0,0,1511,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,4,2,37,175,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CAPE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,40,282,7937,40,336,7601,-57,44,7557,-40,24,7533,5,162,7371,38,208,7316,611,1872,6581,497,1571,5887,-24,32,5855,-32,27,5828,-45,25,5803,-25,145,5552,1484,6,50491,"FO2","GT" 11,23,1,2,2,37,200,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN STEAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,707,1587,1149,810,1542,1579,117,264,1534,980,1825,1680,366,883,1468,854,1640,1807,783,1460,2327,653,1307,1677,115,266,1410,20,76,1335,486,1282,2039,604,1177,2212,1507,6,50491,"FO2","ST" 11,23,1,2,3,37,200,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN STEAM",0,"HEAVY OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,47051,97029,319010,122493,214459,275338,22777,47240,228098,127804,222606,207728,22560,50003,278752,79660,140051,253816,153893,263859,173676,74046,134076,202289,16596,35140,288543,3258,10955,197963,18538,44437,353526,107031,192190,308382,1507,6,50491,"FO6","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,37,204,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ISLESBORO",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1494,6,50491,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,37,206,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","PEAK IS",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1502,6,50491,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,37,210,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BRUNSWICK",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,7964,0,0,6898,0,0,11266,0,0,10237,0,0,10095,0,0,6009,0,0,3698,0,0,2974,0,0,2429,0,0,6541,0,0,12216,0,0,8541,0,0,1483,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,215,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","W CHANNEL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,-33,0,0,-20,0,0,-22,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-21,0,0,-1,0,0,19,0,0,-11,0,0,-22,0,0,695,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,220,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BATES UPPER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-41,0,0,-34,0,0,610,0,0,144,0,0,273,0,0,15,0,0,1,0,0,15,0,0,18,0,0,217,0,0,4223,0,0,-30,0,0,7044,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,225,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BATES LOWER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,-17,0,0,-16,0,0,-8,0,0,-2,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-1,0,0,-3,0,0,-17,0,0,7045,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,235,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ANDRO LOWER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,23,0,0,-11,0,0,21,0,0,-2,0,0,12,0,0,0,0,0,-1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5,0,0,38,0,0,-14,0,0,7047,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,240,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HILL MILL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-3,0,0,-2,0,0,183,0,0,-6,0,0,60,0,0,2,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,105,0,0,467,0,0,-6,0,0,7048,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,245,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","C E MONTY",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,11840,0,0,10124,0,0,14280,0,0,13297,0,0,13808,0,0,8324,0,0,5496,0,0,4271,0,0,3199,0,0,9333,0,0,15686,0,0,12247,0,0,805,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,250,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SMELT HILL",0,,3266,"0M",294,"A",,95,0,0,0,400,0,0,352,0,0,239,0,0,180,0,0,162,0,0,191,0,0,178,0,0,-608,0,0,766,0,0,224,0,0,283,0,0,7514,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,2,"B",37,255,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","AROOSTOOK V",0,"WOOD",3266,"0M",294,"A",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,165,0,0,134,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7513,6,50491,"WD","ST" 11,23,1,1,,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,,11522,"0M",1294,,,95,454,0,0,469,0,0,519,0,0,451,0,0,454,0,0,410,0,0,48,0,0,1,0,0,-2,0,0,178,0,0,536,0,0,504,0,0,1513,6,51747,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,2,3,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,"HEAVY OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,343,903,9375,592,1410,7984,-32,0,8005,-29,0,7995,-26,6,8015,-27,4,8057,-26,0,8067,222,644,7448,-28,0,7396,-29,0,7390,857,1841,5557,2237,4973,2370,1513,6,51747,"FO6","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,50,251,1746,5,143,1693,-65,0,1583,78,225,1932,-18,17,1865,-9,6,1829,38,115,1683,233,500,1802,86,210,1776,-6,65,2071,-56,28,1948,244,599,2098,1513,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,94,10,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","SQUA PAN",0,,11522,"0M",1294,,,95,115,0,0,363,0,0,152,0,0,-10,0,0,-7,0,0,-3,0,0,-3,0,0,-4,0,0,-6,0,0,-7,0,0,3,0,0,223,0,0,1516,6,51747,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,94,23,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","FLOS INN",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,27,115,314,19,82,232,-29,0,232,19,79,373,-23,2,371,-16,0,371,13,80,290,124,284,232,74,135,323,-3,51,272,-25,8,264,217,451,388,1514,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,94,25,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","HOULTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,6,28,13,-8,1,12,-8,2,10,-8,0,10,-6,0,10,-3,0,10,-2,0,10,-3,0,10,-3,0,10,-4,0,11,-4,2,8,14,34,6,1515,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,2,1,97,1,"MAINE YANKEE ATOMIC PWR C","MAIN YANKEE",0,"NUCLEAR",11525,"0M",1294,,,95,197577,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1517,6,51748,"UR","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,116,10,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SWANS FALLS",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,"R",180,95,-7,0,2,-7,0,2,-6,0,2,-3,0,2,-2,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-3,0,2,0,0,0,1518,6,52411,"FO2","IC" 11,23,5,1,,525,1,"LEWISTON (CITY OF)","ANDRO UPPER",0,,10963,"0A",1294,,,95,296,0,0,378,0,0,310,0,0,424,0,0,264,0,0,390,0,0,256,0,0,258,0,0,304,0,0,270,0,0,342,0,0,324,0,0,7046,6,54168,"WAT","HY" 11,23,5,1,,566,1,"MADISON (CITY OF)","NORRIDGEWCK",0,,11477,"0A",1294,,,95,306,0,0,241,0,0,261,0,0,291,0,0,379,0,0,277,0,0,75,0,0,0,0,0,26,0,0,121,0,0,197,0,0,224,0,0,6701,6,51737,"WAT","HY" 11,23,8,3,2,835,5,"EASTERN MAINE ELEC COOP","PORTABLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",5609,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6366,6,50848,"FO2","IC" 11,23,8,3,2,940,1,"SWANS ISLAND ELEC COOP","MINTURN",0,"LIGHT OIL",18368,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1550,6,52863,"FO2","IC" 12,33,1,1,,106,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","COMERFORD",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,34273,0,0,19125,0,0,43429,0,0,11874,0,0,22700,0,0,13853,0,0,5565,0,0,11061,0,0,5412,0,0,30636,0,0,45527,0,0,18948,0,0,2349,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,10,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MCINDOES",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4420,0,0,3434,0,0,6350,0,0,3330,0,0,4648,0,0,2664,0,0,1453,0,0,2497,0,0,1353,0,0,4755,0,0,7050,0,0,3740,0,0,6483,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,13,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","S C MOORE",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,29434,0,0,15866,0,0,34014,0,0,9521,0,0,19359,0,0,12124,0,0,4787,0,0,9805,0,0,4357,0,0,27013,0,0,40020,0,0,16551,0,0,2351,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,15,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","VERNON",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,7120,0,0,5523,0,0,9186,0,0,7993,0,0,7582,0,0,3197,0,0,1355,0,0,2525,0,0,19,0,0,5912,0,0,9702,0,0,7342,0,0,2352,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,20,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","WILDER",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,1974,0,0,3326,0,0,18722,0,0,7773,0,0,8911,0,0,4713,0,0,4047,0,0,5176,0,0,2849,0,0,9330,0,0,12667,0,0,7471,0,0,2353,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,2,1,123,1,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SEABROOK",0,"NUCLEAR",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,857441,0,0,778373,0,0,863021,0,0,832472,0,0,865152,0,0,495425,0,0,690261,0,0,805711,0,0,800410,0,0,828658,0,0,60958,0,0,501494,0,0,6115,6,52411,"UR","ST" 12,33,1,1,,123,4,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","AMOSKEAG",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,10690,0,0,7028,0,0,11425,0,0,749,0,0,15769,0,0,4245,0,0,2251,0,0,3257,0,0,434,0,0,5760,0,0,11044,0,0,6264,0,0,2354,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,6,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","AYERS IS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,3909,0,0,2249,0,0,4743,0,0,3555,0,0,4487,0,0,1520,0,0,1448,0,0,1727,0,0,380,0,0,3303,0,0,5711,0,0,2632,0,0,2355,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,16,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","EASTMAN FLS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,2843,0,0,1293,0,0,2781,0,0,2587,0,0,2725,0,0,1214,0,0,1763,0,0,10079,0,0,-9794,0,0,1729,0,0,3266,0,0,1701,0,0,2356,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,20,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","GARVIN FLS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,5209,0,0,3143,0,0,5693,0,0,4388,0,0,3956,0,0,2019,0,0,755,0,0,1667,0,0,350,0,0,3233,0,0,6336,0,0,3913,0,0,2357,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,22,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","GORHAM",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,989,0,0,1031,0,0,1249,0,0,885,0,0,1193,0,0,756,0,0,568,0,0,530,0,0,580,0,0,864,0,0,1116,0,0,1202,0,0,2358,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,28,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","HOOKSETT",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,787,0,0,865,0,0,912,0,0,1164,0,0,1141,0,0,791,0,0,156,0,0,317,0,0,43,0,0,751,0,0,952,0,0,776,0,0,2359,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,30,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","JACKMAN",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1997,0,0,535,0,0,1239,0,0,236,0,0,557,0,0,305,0,0,191,0,0,722,0,0,-8,0,0,1339,0,0,2326,0,0,864,0,0,2360,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,50,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SMITH STA",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,8143,0,0,9737,0,0,11648,0,0,6108,0,0,8349,0,0,6172,0,0,4454,0,0,4871,0,0,3742,0,0,6861,0,0,10860,0,0,10308,0,0,2368,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,4,2,123,57,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","LOST NATION",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-15,0,2159,79,306,1853,-15,0,1853,-12,0,1853,42,125,1728,50,140,1587,209,595,1527,275,828,1235,-11,0,1235,-11,0,1235,-10,0,1235,111,338,1076,2362,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,2,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,27,45,275,16,29,156,22,38,180,23,38,218,0,0,0,29,52,151,6,14,205,30,55,180,52,96,222,62,108,185,57,96,176,20,35,176,2364,6,52411,"FO2","ST" 12,33,1,2,6,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"BIT COAL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,266403,101539,253077,274308,103830,266334,256612,98157,263978,216443,80934,278945,76504,17154,315133,246563,95683,297713,281671,111493,247571,263463,95839,235114,181335,71786,264069,207269,81066,275589,253852,96425,269715,287608,108204,247069,2364,6,52411,"BIT","ST" 12,33,1,4,2,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-47,0,3032,411,1048,3032,-21,0,1984,-18,0,1984,112,282,1702,122,334,1367,613,1576,1494,582,1554,2033,-14,0,2033,-11,20,2013,-20,0,2013,242,603,1411,2364,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,3,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"HEAVY OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1350,2702,31413,820,1554,92325,2073,4352,187620,1454,2823,184796,1826,3479,189663,2478,4626,184835,4062,7903,176932,2011,4193,53637,1321,2911,170000,1885,4329,165671,5233,10859,154812,3538,6785,118334,2367,6,52411,"FO6","ST" 12,33,1,2,6,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"BIT COAL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,53534,27148,87087,68779,32692,50318,47008,24972,52027,65230,33724,53967,55312,27020,32185,49976,24400,75043,55074,26887,62380,30313,18396,42154,18241,9931,51974,16092,9642,54786,30357,16856,90418,65541,32424,72200,2367,6,52411,"BIT","ST" 12,33,1,4,2,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-13,0,804,95,260,723,-12,0,723,-9,0,723,57,118,604,-7,0,604,90,262,723,242,963,714,-7,0,714,0,0,714,-9,0,714,120,301,794,2367,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,4,9,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"NAT GAS",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,19,240,0,12,140,0,24,310,0,25,300,0,22,264,0,17,210,0,219,2700,0,121,2803,0,14,190,0,15,220,0,24,320,0,22,260,0,2367,6,52411,"NG","GT" 12,33,1,4,2,123,70,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","WHITE LAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-17,0,2383,97,350,2033,-14,4,2029,-7,0,2029,48,94,1935,136,341,1595,147,405,1763,357,924,1410,-3,0,1410,-3,0,1410,-13,0,1410,-6,129,1281,2369,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,2,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,2141,4247,1577,1729,3274,1766,1111,2327,1824,1584,4149,1209,1580,3072,1209,1589,3168,1640,1162,2239,1856,1703,3313,1598,1134,2258,1388,173,817,1751,1894,3703,1630,507,3096,1651,8002,6,52411,"FO2","ST" 12,33,1,2,3,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"HEAVY OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,73391,138116,328850,119485,206586,321529,32827,62816,434361,89003,159420,245596,100291,177704,321055,73382,134661,317462,125529,216497,100965,57182,118647,2305699,45699,82009,405756,1560,6611,399144,100544,177099,222046,136392,231245,388270,8002,6,52411,"FO6","ST" 12,33,1,2,9,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"NAT GAS",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1463,17053,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,35353,394385,0,45744,527451,0,57696,624462,0,48968,544320,0,10747,122302,0,57,1545,0,742,8312,0,0,0,0,8002,6,52411,"NG","ST" 13,50,1,1,,22,2,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ARNOLD FLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,112,0,0,27,0,0,168,0,0,290,0,0,100,0,0,18,0,0,33,0,0,37,0,0,17,0,0,172,0,0,245,0,0,135,0,0,3707,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,10,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","CAVENDISH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,534,0,0,309,0,0,847,0,0,607,0,0,267,0,0,83,0,0,0,0,0,134,0,0,-3,0,0,391,0,0,928,0,0,383,0,0,3710,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,11,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","CLARKS FLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1404,0,0,1026,0,0,1689,0,0,1865,0,0,1729,0,0,855,0,0,596,0,0,1076,0,0,567,0,0,1648,0,0,1970,0,0,1412,0,0,3711,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,15,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","FAIRFAX",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1873,0,0,1589,0,0,2321,0,0,2516,0,0,2499,0,0,1241,0,0,878,0,0,1432,0,0,744,0,0,2114,0,0,2573,0,0,2233,0,0,3712,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,16,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","GAGE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,221,0,0,24,0,0,244,0,0,307,0,0,290,0,0,73,0,0,85,0,0,38,0,0,48,0,0,305,0,0,523,0,0,226,0,0,3713,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,18,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","GLEN",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1041,0,0,605,0,0,731,0,0,367,0,0,238,0,0,98,0,0,83,0,0,323,0,0,183,0,0,629,0,0,1307,0,0,401,0,0,3714,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,22,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","LW MIDLEBRY",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,725,0,0,534,0,0,1054,0,0,920,0,0,550,0,0,286,0,0,79,0,0,150,0,0,104,0,0,524,0,0,1220,0,0,492,0,0,3716,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,26,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","MILTON",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,3538,0,0,2446,0,0,4215,0,0,4336,0,0,3864,0,0,1806,0,0,1204,0,0,2514,0,0,1210,0,0,4046,0,0,4879,0,0,3192,0,0,3717,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,28,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PASSUMPSIC",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,315,0,0,97,0,0,378,0,0,435,0,0,415,0,0,90,0,0,51,0,0,150,0,0,94,0,0,370,0,0,434,0,0,44,0,0,3718,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,30,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PATCH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,107,0,0,58,0,0,59,0,0,21,0,0,7,0,0,5,0,0,5,0,0,28,0,0,7,0,0,42,0,0,158,0,0,30,0,0,3719,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,34,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PIERCE MLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,113,0,0,81,0,0,121,0,0,180,0,0,161,0,0,59,0,0,47,0,0,47,0,0,17,0,0,102,0,0,181,0,0,116,0,0,3721,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,36,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PITTSFORD",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1275,0,0,941,0,0,158,0,0,47,0,0,-2,0,0,9,0,0,0,0,0,489,0,0,354,0,0,726,0,0,1999,0,0,679,0,0,3722,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,38,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SALISBURY",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,325,0,0,210,0,0,191,0,0,62,0,0,141,0,0,65,0,0,25,0,0,72,0,0,111,0,0,88,0,0,-6,0,0,303,0,0,3724,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,40,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SILVER LAKE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,800,0,0,508,0,0,722,0,0,405,0,0,402,0,0,227,0,0,103,0,0,275,0,0,84,0,0,500,0,0,973,0,0,535,0,0,3725,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,41,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","TAFTSVILLE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,150,0,0,135,0,0,208,0,0,200,0,0,119,0,0,12,0,0,0,0,0,17,0,0,-1,0,0,55,0,0,175,0,0,162,0,0,3727,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,44,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","WEYBRIDGE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1391,0,0,616,0,0,1819,0,0,1459,0,0,991,0,0,370,0,0,156,0,0,354,0,0,167,0,0,1042,0,0,2031,0,0,856,0,0,3728,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,45,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PETERSON",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,2522,0,0,1281,0,0,3601,0,0,3092,0,0,2335,0,0,1090,0,0,702,0,0,1605,0,0,681,0,0,2814,0,0,4021,0,0,1742,0,0,3720,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,4,2,22,48,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","RUTLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,13,125,4525,45,327,4198,40,218,3979,19,143,3836,20,127,3709,101,381,3328,272,898,2430,277,932,1498,34,167,3475,-8,46,3429,32,195,3234,152,651,2583,3723,6,50503,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,4,2,22,49,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ASCUTNEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,27,136,2572,77,326,2246,69,300,1946,18,96,1851,8,65,1786,41,144,1641,268,895,2175,226,765,1409,-1,38,3277,-15,0,3277,-3,71,3206,88,353,2853,3708,6,50503,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,3,2,22,60,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ST ALBANS",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,-14,0,89,5,38,214,-11,4,210,-10,5,205,7,17,188,21,40,148,72,149,234,59,123,111,-1,2,110,-3,0,110,-6,0,108,9,42,236,3726,6,50503,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,22,65,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SMITH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,361,0,0,154,0,0,495,0,0,658,0,0,519,0,0,163,0,0,121,0,0,123,0,0,72,0,0,258,0,0,692,0,0,170,0,0,3709,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,70,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","EAST BARNET",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,595,0,0,399,0,0,900,0,0,1046,0,0,922,0,0,325,0,0,322,0,0,358,0,0,203,0,0,790,0,0,1148,0,0,702,0,0,788,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,24,5,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","CHARLESTON",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,339,0,0,244,0,0,393,0,0,445,0,0,409,0,0,252,0,0,154,0,0,192,0,0,90,0,0,382,0,0,461,0,0,314,0,0,3729,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,24,10,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","NEWPORT",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,1625,0,0,946,0,0,1961,0,0,1655,0,0,1645,0,0,917,0,0,474,0,0,1107,0,0,331,0,0,1614,0,0,2652,0,0,1235,0,0,3731,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,24,15,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","NEWPORT DSL",0,"LIGHT OIL",3611,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,377,16,33,290,0,0,259,0,0,229,0,0,206,0,0,206,0,0,206,7,12,194,8,16,177,0,0,177,0,0,137,0,0,85,3730,6,50560,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,24,20,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","TROY",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,150,0,0,72,0,0,150,0,0,267,0,0,209,0,0,71,0,0,28,0,0,30,0,0,3,0,0,74,0,0,244,0,0,128,0,0,3733,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,10,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","ESSEX 19",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,2888,0,0,2870,0,0,4338,0,0,3931,0,0,3261,0,0,980,0,0,333,0,0,1531,0,0,936,0,0,2161,0,0,3540,0,0,2964,0,0,3737,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,47,10,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","ESSEX 19",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,311,11,27,284,1,1,283,0,0,283,7,16,267,28,61,385,45,85,300,33,65,235,9,19,394,0,0,394,0,0,394,12,25,369,3737,6,51169,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,47,15,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","GORGE NO 18",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,901,0,0,986,0,0,1573,0,0,1661,0,0,1125,0,0,122,0,0,113,0,0,692,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6475,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,20,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","MARSHFIELD6",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,891,0,0,1188,0,0,245,0,0,107,0,0,0,0,0,3,0,0,2,0,0,54,0,0,53,0,0,604,0,0,1300,0,0,430,0,0,3739,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,25,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","MIDDLESEX 2",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,1134,0,0,848,0,0,1580,0,0,1697,0,0,1156,0,0,150,0,0,111,0,0,717,0,0,45,0,0,1158,0,0,2061,0,0,1133,0,0,3740,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,40,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","VERGENNES 9",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,972,0,0,799,0,0,1171,0,0,1224,0,0,968,0,0,441,0,0,247,0,0,499,0,0,318,0,0,590,0,0,1307,0,0,899,0,0,6519,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,47,40,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","VERGENNES 9",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,15,27,282,68,118,164,15,24,319,5,8,311,4,25,465,108,264,200,174,319,417,163,302,294,20,35,437,3,2,436,2,4,432,35,62,370,6519,6,51169,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,47,53,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","WATRBRY 22",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,2101,0,0,2029,0,0,1441,0,0,318,0,0,823,0,0,444,0,0,464,0,0,1190,0,0,485,0,0,2251,0,0,2609,0,0,1566,0,0,6520,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,55,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","W DANVIL 15",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,445,0,0,146,0,0,507,0,0,509,0,0,301,0,0,77,0,0,87,0,0,220,0,0,103,0,0,544,0,0,661,0,0,151,0,0,3743,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,4,2,47,58,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","BERLIN NO 5",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,32,270,10962,606,1501,9460,21,72,9388,0,0,9338,254,677,8711,731,1834,7632,1214,3039,11011,1354,3377,12369,189,463,14376,681,1521,12855,79,209,12646,389,879,11767,3734,6,51169,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,4,2,47,60,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","COLCHSTR 16",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,7,28,1071,86,296,775,5,25,750,0,0,750,9,33,717,6,26,1583,117,472,1112,76,320,791,0,0,1506,0,0,1506,0,0,1507,0,0,1506,3735,6,51169,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,1,,47,65,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","BOLTON FALL",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,3020,0,0,2253,0,0,3823,0,0,2884,0,0,2258,0,0,636,0,0,502,0,0,1603,0,0,428,0,0,2596,0,0,4478,0,0,2430,0,0,7056,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,7,"D",47,70,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","CARTHUSIANS",0,"N/A",7601,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7260,6,51169,"WI","WI" 13,50,1,1,,73,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BELLOWS FLS",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,22299,0,0,16448,0,0,28735,0,0,22260,0,0,21635,0,0,10244,0,0,6175,0,0,10541,0,0,3991,0,0,19464,0,0,30239,0,0,18843,0,0,3745,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,73,10,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","HARRIMAN",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,14391,0,0,13610,0,0,13092,0,0,2630,0,0,807,0,0,1394,0,0,2040,0,0,2968,0,0,2416,0,0,10136,0,0,16468,0,0,11713,0,0,3746,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,73,15,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","SEARSBURG",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,3120,0,0,2878,0,0,3094,0,0,1942,0,0,1012,0,0,853,0,0,152,0,0,1319,0,0,954,0,0,2077,0,0,3042,0,0,2675,0,0,6529,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,73,18,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","VERNON",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4592,0,0,4182,0,0,5197,0,0,4922,0,0,4427,0,0,2397,0,0,1604,0,0,3525,0,0,1667,0,0,3876,0,0,4946,0,0,3693,0,0,8904,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,73,20,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","WILDER",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,9053,0,0,5888,0,0,8525,0,0,1765,0,0,2559,0,0,1204,0,0,21,0,0,1756,0,0,407,0,0,4556,0,0,8802,0,0,2669,0,0,8905,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,98,5,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","CANAAN",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,729,0,0,718,0,0,805,0,0,483,0,0,569,0,0,345,0,0,252,0,0,190,0,0,195,0,0,728,0,0,765,0,0,738,0,0,3750,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,2,1,135,1,"VT YANKEE NUCLEAR PR CORP","VT YANKEE",0,"NUCLEAR",19796,"0M",1294,,,95,384928,0,0,346136,0,0,192519,0,0,0,0,0,335965,0,0,365673,0,0,371198,0,0,375476,0,0,363210,0,0,389313,0,0,379730,0,0,354361,0,0,3751,6,53128,"UR","ST" 13,50,1,1,,304,1,"VERMONT MARBLE CO","PROCTOR",0,,19794,"0A",1294,,,95,3213,0,0,2009,0,0,3559,0,0,3058,0,0,2032,0,0,1143,0,0,395,0,0,893,0,0,294,0,0,1839,0,0,3796,0,0,1853,0,0,6450,6,53127,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,304,5,"VERMONT MARBLE CO","CTR RUTLAND",0,,19794,"0A",1294,,,95,161,0,0,164,0,0,188,0,0,211,0,0,211,0,0,121,0,0,26,0,0,62,0,0,19,0,0,85,0,0,190,0,0,184,0,0,6453,6,53127,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,304,10,"VERMONT MARBLE CO","BELDENS",0,,19794,"0A",1294,,,95,2174,0,0,1009,0,0,2729,0,0,1624,0,0,972,0,0,405,0,0,95,0,0,369,0,0,149,0,0,1679,0,0,2997,0,0,1013,0,0,6451,6,53127,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,4,2,304,15,"VERMONT MARBLE CO","FLORENCE",0,"LIGHT OIL",19794,"0A",1294,,,95,-2,95,12708,118,200,12076,184,475,11934,674,1762,7457,74,191,4607,157,358,9260,354,1040,6925,210,559,6363,167,435,4707,-11,3,10761,-13,60,8428,167,550,7887,7337,6,53127,"FO2","GT" 13,50,5,1,,520,1,"BARTON (VILLAGE OF)","W CHARLESTN",0,,1299,"0A",1294,,,95,477,0,0,231,0,0,556,0,0,533,0,0,570,0,0,256,0,0,132,0,0,351,0,0,83,0,0,382,0,0,680,0,0,196,0,0,3753,6,50178,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,3,2,520,1,"BARTON (VILLAGE OF)","W CHARLESTN",0,"LIGHT OIL",1299,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,206,14,34,172,0,0,172,0,0,172,1,3,169,19,51,118,39,103,190,42,112,78,7,19,59,0,0,59,0,0,118,10,86,32,3753,6,50178,"FO2","IC" 13,50,5,4,2,536,1,"BURLINGTON (CITY OF)","GAS TURB",0,"LIGHT OIL",2548,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,1628,248,707,868,0,4,2022,0,0,2015,19,66,1949,459,1365,1742,608,1830,1698,485,1472,1476,56,189,1287,0,0,1285,84,242,1001,165,472,1772,3754,6,50375,"FO2","GT" 13,50,5,2,"B",536,10,"BURLINGTON (CITY OF)","J C MC NEIL",0,"WOD CHIPS",2548,"0M",1294,,,95,7742,0,0,12138,0,0,4790,0,0,12108,0,0,15618,0,0,11949,0,0,14425,0,0,8887,0,0,5359,0,0,3746,0,0,10817,0,0,19589,0,0,589,6,50375,"WOD","ST" 13,50,5,2,2,536,10,"BURLINGTON (CITY OF)","J C MC NEIL",0,"LIGHT OIL",2548,"0M",1294,,,95,136,326,2416,132,350,1989,41,99,1826,0,216,1559,0,39,1448,0,22,1351,4,23,1264,0,81,1183,0,52,1021,0,40,945,19,99,3170,24,98,2994,589,6,50375,"FO2","ST" 13,50,5,2,9,536,10,"BURLINGTON (CITY OF)","J C MC NEIL",0,"NAT GAS",2548,"0M",1294,,,95,1750,24386,0,816,12632,0,1337,18689,0,0,2252,0,0,3244,0,0,3721,0,177,4800,0,0,2471,0,0,2396,0,0,2708,0,449,13380,0,2064,47618,0,589,6,50375,"NG","ST" 13,50,5,1,,551,5,"ENOSBURG FALLS (VILLAGE)","KENDALL",0,,5915,"0A",1294,,,95,52,0,0,126,0,0,145,0,0,160,0,0,164,0,0,130,0,0,102,0,0,121,0,0,68,0,0,109,0,0,147,0,0,64,0,0,3757,6,50910,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,3,2,551,10,"ENOSBURG FALLS (VILLAGE)","DIESEL PLT",0,"LIGHT OIL",5915,"0A",1294,,,95,1,5,320,14,24,296,0,1,296,1,3,293,4,13,280,16,34,246,20,37,351,23,44,307,2,6,301,0,0,301,0,0,0,12,21,279,4247,6,50910,"FO2","IC" 13,50,5,1,,551,15,"ENOSBURG FALLS (VILLAGE)","VILLAGE PLT",0,,5915,"0A",1294,,,95,370,0,0,204,0,0,298,0,0,433,0,0,408,0,0,218,0,0,87,0,0,140,0,0,45,0,0,324,0,0,364,0,0,395,0,0,4246,6,50910,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,567,1,"HARDWICK (VILLAGE OF)","WOLCOTT",0,,8104,"0A",1294,,,95,228,0,0,139,0,0,381,0,0,480,0,0,332,0,0,55,0,0,41,0,0,20,0,0,22,0,0,331,0,0,526,0,0,262,0,0,6477,6,51238,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,3,2,567,5,"HARDWICK (VILLAGE OF)","HARDWICK",0,"LIGHT OIL",8104,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,451,0,0,451,0,0,451,0,0,451,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6476,6,51238,"FO2","IC" 13,50,5,1,,644,5,"LYNDONVILLE (CITY OF)","GREAT FALLS",0,,11359,"0A",1294,,,95,160,0,0,115,0,0,308,0,0,489,0,0,746,0,0,350,0,0,273,0,0,122,0,0,171,0,0,457,0,0,558,0,0,437,0,0,3762,6,51721,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,644,10,"LYNDONVILLE (CITY OF)","VAIL",0,,11359,"0A",1294,,,95,100,0,0,71,0,0,99,0,0,123,0,0,225,0,0,93,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,107,0,0,3763,6,51721,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,659,5,"MORRISVILLE (VILLAGE OF)","CADYS FALLS",0,,12989,"0A",1294,,,95,396,0,0,268,0,0,387,0,0,226,0,0,403,0,0,133,0,0,101,0,0,2,0,0,71,0,0,356,0,0,337,0,0,160,0,0,3765,6,51943,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,659,10,"MORRISVILLE (VILLAGE OF)","MORRISVILLE",0,,12989,"0A",1294,,,95,250,0,0,312,0,0,619,0,0,801,0,0,581,0,0,131,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-2,0,0,227,0,0,3764,6,51943,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,659,15,"MORRISVILLE (VILLAGE OF)","W K SANDERS",0,,12989,"0A",1294,,,95,-5,0,0,114,0,0,24,0,0,13,0,0,33,0,0,10,0,0,-1,0,0,38,0,0,-2,0,0,83,0,0,177,0,0,7,0,0,678,6,51943,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,737,5,"SWANTON (VILLAGE OF)","HIGHGATE FL",0,,18371,"0A",1294,,,95,3846,0,0,2084,0,0,5329,0,0,5012,0,0,4484,0,0,2556,0,0,711,0,0,1431,0,0,444,0,0,4486,0,0,6056,0,0,2920,0,0,6618,6,52864,"WAT","HY" 13,50,8,1,,800,5,"VERMONT ELECTRIC COOP","N HARTLAND",0,,19791,"0A",1294,,,95,1260,0,0,415,0,0,212,0,0,990,0,0,623,0,0,190,0,0,90,0,0,4,0,0,8,0,0,484,0,0,1466,0,0,734,0,0,590,6,53125,"WAT","HY" 13,50,8,1,,810,5,"WASHINGTON ELECTRIC COOP","WRIGHTSVILE",0,,20151,"0A",1294,,,95,270,0,0,88,0,0,334,0,0,327,0,0,246,0,0,50,0,0,54,0,0,128,0,0,47,0,0,3224,0,0,418,0,0,153,0,0,7051,6,58100,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,2,1,23,1,"BOSTON EDISON CO","PILGRIM",0,"NUCLEAR",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,494219,0,0,433548,0,0,370903,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,313826,0,0,476983,0,0,486906,0,0,466384,0,0,470820,0,0,479805,0,0,492451,0,0,1590,6,50300,"UR","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,23,15,"BOSTON EDISON CO","EDGAR",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,43,139,1048,160,393,893,25,79,1053,64,124,929,28,74,855,110,379,953,323,950,955,245,760,910,38,108,1040,37,107,933,56,139,1032,134,337,934,1585,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,4,2,23,17,"BOSTON EDISON CO","FRAMINGHAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,141,378,1770,276,681,1804,67,203,1601,44,165,1674,70,215,1698,449,1329,1559,788,2383,1819,766,2306,1658,95,258,1630,53,142,1734,74,277,1695,278,761,1649,1586,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,4,2,23,20,"BOSTON EDISON CO","L STREET",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,18,71,606,223,524,481,31,74,586,101,254,571,64,181,628,302,790,611,232,657,597,450,1241,537,70,195,581,33,121,579,41,95,603,202,478,601,1587,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,2,2,23,25,"BOSTON EDISON CO","MYSTIC",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,251,519,1723,2082,3518,560,0,0,2480,874,1565,1748,1508,2858,1987,1285,2470,2852,2284,4277,1789,1325,2537,1992,119,230,1762,111,219,2019,220,439,1580,238,420,1327,1588,6,50300,"FO2","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,23,25,"BOSTON EDISON CO","MYSTIC",0,"HEAVY OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,112692,212897,634701,250006,389639,396000,28170,35809,578539,46219,75659,622498,47350,81843,540595,74633,131731,529651,114158,195470,453259,65504,114254,339850,9543,16899,623019,18574,33314,589243,137777,234264,549412,333744,539006,466193,1588,6,50300,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,23,25,"BOSTON EDISON CO","MYSTIC",0,"NAT GAS",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,54301,611365,0,41760,387451,0,199825,2260608,0,223483,2242300,0,121095,1295784,0,76698,835115,0,229079,2424349,0,221936,2420968,0,166749,1844575,0,138588,1545200,0,1185,12271,0,4690,47014,0,1588,6,50300,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,23,25,"BOSTON EDISON CO","MYSTIC",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,27,56,491,103,175,435,20,57,497,61,110,506,37,71,435,192,369,532,279,524,365,264,506,455,27,53,523,26,52,471,36,92,498,52,92,444,1588,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,2,2,23,30,"BOSTON EDISON CO","NEW BOSTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,1589,6,50300,"FO2","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,23,30,"BOSTON EDISON CO","NEW BOSTON",0,"HEAVY OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,215120,320592,70394,155709,225131,71506,167349,258313,38374,0,0,38374,0,0,38374,0,0,38374,0,0,38403,0,0,38403,0,0,38403,0,0,38808,0,0,73197,633,1026,94600,1589,6,50300,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,23,30,"BOSTON EDISON CO","NEW BOSTON",0,"NAT GAS",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,151,1334,0,2301,23751,0,201560,2042478,0,231080,2303282,0,366745,3613841,0,376840,3697457,0,381210,3746576,0,337660,3311625,0,328300,3254233,0,343010,3322669,0,159417,1573389,0,1589,6,50300,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,23,40,"BOSTON EDISON CO","WEST MEDWAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,532,1305,6724,2615,5858,6588,305,882,6659,441,1064,6548,648,1783,6907,1922,5806,5619,2304,7193,6789,2376,1139,6841,43,153,6688,33,101,6587,199,636,6665,2492,6199,6929,1592,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,4,9,23,40,"BOSTON EDISON CO","WEST MEDWAY",0,"NAT GAS",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,963,16262,0,363,42170,0,305,906,0,134,2149,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1592,6,50300,"NG","GT" 14,25,1,2,3,25,5,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","BLACKSTONE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,12,9,1622,622,891,254,0,0,0,12,11,3277,4,9,3067,8,31,3303,19,66,3122,71,286,2313,8,25,2707,0,0,2900,388,267,2375,216,151,3016,1594,6,50412,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,25,5,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","BLACKSTONE",0,"NAT GAS",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,643,3052,0,809,7234,0,0,0,0,329,1924,0,176,2782,0,306,7064,0,840,18553,0,641,16359,0,98,2009,0,0,0,0,26,113,0,3,12,0,1594,6,50412,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,25,10,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","KENDALL SQ",0,"HEAVY OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,1966,3331,44639,4440,7426,46357,571,1025,43350,551,1184,40895,279,518,39729,76,146,39422,226,384,45928,178,367,45253,473,969,43288,91,206,42859,6937,10643,43043,10035,14044,33074,1595,6,50412,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,25,10,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","KENDALL SQ",0,"NAT GAS",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,8305,87563,0,5498,57215,0,7487,85115,0,6963,94695,0,6096,81153,0,7445,90078,0,8638,93009,0,7941,103714,0,6154,79756,0,5898,84299,0,580,5629,0,447,3954,0,1595,6,50412,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,25,10,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","KENDALL SQ",0,"LIGHT OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,0,0,1889,173,442,1930,0,0,1930,10,26,1904,381,951,1671,340,886,1969,587,1240,1863,822,2088,2078,160,754,1323,0,0,1561,0,0,1561,183,453,1925,1595,6,50412,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,2,3,25,15,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","CANAL",0,"HEAVY OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,162391,279085,64428,147412,254620,37606,178077,310890,35916,210807,342420,34150,172965,296386,68134,149960,274442,64297,204907,357210,66759,386648,623547,65078,202416,316252,66152,59087,109907,66707,307766,492512,64272,421791,645524,63446,1599,6,50412,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,3,2,25,25,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","OAK BLUFFS",0,"LIGHT OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,0,0,1131,70,125,1006,0,0,1006,3,6,1000,58,98,1011,55,97,1035,183,321,1005,196,350,1036,1,4,1032,0,0,1159,6,15,1144,63,118,1026,1597,6,50412,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,3,2,25,30,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","W TISBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,0,0,2023,42,87,1936,0,0,1936,2,4,1932,38,68,1918,40,70,1848,243,439,1711,204,373,1827,0,0,1827,0,0,2044,5,18,2026,47,98,1928,6049,6,50412,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,3,2,25,35,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","AIRPORT DIE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,2,4,65,20,32,57,6,9,48,14,26,23,3,17,6,0,6,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7184,6,50412,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,4,2,46,1,"FITCHBURG GAS & ELEC LGT","FITCHBURG",0,"LIGHT OIL",6374,"0M",1294,,,95,113,320,1233,544,1372,812,0,0,1289,68,210,1079,120,416,1139,539,1444,1109,663,1798,2154,708,1974,1126,70,191,2125,49,166,1960,0,0,1960,461,1173,2216,1601,6,50990,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,1,,59,5,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","BB HOLBROOK",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,215,0,0,12,0,0,439,0,0,48,0,0,0,0,0,-4,0,0,-2,0,0,111,0,0,7,0,0,88,0,0,177,0,0,95,0,0,1602,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,7,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","CHEMICAL",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,390,0,0,65,0,0,264,0,0,560,0,0,1378,0,0,-3,0,0,-2,0,0,33,0,0,-2,0,0,199,0,0,228,0,0,152,0,0,1604,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,10,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","HADLEY FLLS",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,19318,0,0,16252,0,0,20835,0,0,17997,0,0,1047,0,0,10005,0,0,4815,0,0,8945,0,0,1536,0,0,13795,0,0,19251,0,0,19209,0,0,1605,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,15,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","RIVERSIDE",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,2283,0,0,798,0,0,2407,0,0,2806,0,0,1058,0,0,-32,0,0,-28,0,0,236,0,0,-31,0,0,991,0,0,1475,0,0,1658,0,0,1607,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,20,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","BOATLOCK",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,1401,0,0,440,0,0,1465,0,0,1749,0,0,-1985,0,0,-45,0,0,34,0,0,364,0,0,188,0,0,1015,0,0,1030,0,0,1719,0,0,1603,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,21,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","SKINNER",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,1087,0,0,-990,0,0,135,0,0,122,0,0,0,0,0,-3,0,0,-3,0,0,10,0,0,-5,0,0,48,0,0,88,0,0,144,0,0,1608,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,2,2,59,23,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","MT TOM",0,"LIGHT OIL",8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,253,312,334,85,74,223,86,144,363,96,161,0,210,338,471,128,216,400,63,106,0,319,575,0,148,244,0,283,596,339,311,528,442,268,461,289,1606,6,51327,"FO2","ST" 14,25,1,2,6,59,23,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","MT TOM",0,"BIT COAL",8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,83436,31625,65901,94304,36568,48767,100316,38568,48417,92219,34981,57613,86828,32256,68520,89522,33641,55040,96838,37232,50903,67013,26869,64337,58083,21428,72102,20300,9635,85211,75120,28714,96373,83498,33548,87268,1606,6,51327,"BIT","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,85,1,"MONTAUP ELECTRIC COMPANY","SOMERSET",0,"HEAVY OIL",12833,"0M",1294,,,95,5362,8778,70647,3605,6271,64376,3682,6389,57987,572,894,57093,4068,7388,49705,3861,6474,101371,1808,3090,98281,1729,8455,89825,4071,6826,83000,7484,12748,70251,8762,14647,55605,1259,3587,97942,1613,6,56511,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,6,85,1,"MONTAUP ELECTRIC COMPANY","SOMERSET",0,"BIT COAL",12833,"0M",1294,,,95,57318,21462,76767,61443,26125,64290,61730,25219,52529,14739,5125,47404,25607,10149,50811,58410,21998,42203,65563,26654,42553,52228,21241,48670,53057,20314,65856,44642,17190,76089,48433,18499,83931,70559,26084,98563,1613,6,56511,"BIT","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,85,1,"MONTAUP ELECTRIC COMPANY","SOMERSET",0,"LIGHT OIL",12833,"0M",1294,,,95,143,374,5116,433,1118,3998,115,229,3769,65,186,3583,285,740,4510,629,1593,4110,1349,3410,5229,1777,4429,5348,136,348,5000,0,0,4999,5,26,5687,653,1369,4318,1613,6,56511,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,3,2,90,15,"NANTUCKET ELEC CO","NANTUCKET",0,"LIGHT OIL",13206,"0M",1294,,,95,7539,12658,2602,7625,13184,8503,7218,12056,5494,6969,12757,2261,7465,13354,7937,7820,14759,9687,10453,19444,7486,10644,19689,5848,7894,13523,10626,6823,12246,7898,7832,14492,3042,9557,16800,2912,1615,6,51977,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,1,,96,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","DEERFIELD 2",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,3908,0,0,2952,0,0,3971,0,0,2045,0,0,1064,0,0,520,0,0,442,0,0,617,0,0,404,0,0,2016,0,0,3583,0,0,2747,0,0,6047,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,10,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","DEERFIELD 3",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4040,0,0,3243,0,0,4233,0,0,2293,0,0,1182,0,0,848,0,0,445,0,0,722,0,0,460,0,0,1885,0,0,3570,0,0,3116,0,0,6083,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,15,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","DEERFIELD 4",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,3691,0,0,2835,0,0,3555,0,0,1674,0,0,865,0,0,673,0,0,414,0,0,621,0,0,420,0,0,1920,0,0,3135,0,0,2638,0,0,6119,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,20,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","DEERFIELD 5",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,8684,0,0,6946,0,0,8699,0,0,2314,0,0,807,0,0,564,0,0,515,0,0,177,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3382,0,0,5810,0,0,1620,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,25,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","SHERMAN",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4117,0,0,3467,0,0,4264,0,0,1151,0,0,407,0,0,439,0,0,377,0,0,602,0,0,527,0,0,2183,0,0,3889,0,0,2917,0,0,6012,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,2,3,96,27,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BRAYTON PT",0,"HEAVY OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,40093,74054,435541,65951,116563,318656,49098,75749,438283,41100,69916,368366,2212,5326,519600,0,0,519442,0,0,519401,488,4266,515767,0,0,516617,0,0,516584,7553,10954,505630,71672,125949,379784,1619,6,52007,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,6,96,27,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BRAYTON PT",0,"BIT COAL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,657136,245754,255528,538158,200282,277893,335153,130042,379361,336389,128159,523785,552184,203304,520224,709319,259373,461575,714608,267126,390587,681408,256270,431828,600517,222478,518312,676108,250140,322224,643066,226804,159986,692743,256541,166201,1619,6,52007,"BIT","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,96,27,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BRAYTON PT",0,"NAT GAS",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,2475,65992,0,19895,234494,0,87264,1046891,0,115149,1305242,0,165738,1925331,0,192541,2159965,0,121121,1465806,0,138514,1578722,0,90677,1067560,0,7950,208839,0,642,50267,0,499,65467,0,1619,6,52007,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,3,2,96,27,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BRAYTON PT",0,"LIGHT OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,48,91,0,168,321,0,49,91,0,66,120,0,149,212,0,229,427,0,434,803,0,429,813,0,49,97,0,17,33,0,0,0,0,122,221,0,1619,6,52007,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,2,3,96,33,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","SALEM HABR",0,"HEAVY OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4216,6811,427550,19621,51462,372000,43825,80929,296042,52176,100975,196885,88546,157427,294207,74155,134469,405510,143472,245061,157683,78033,135040,315193,15952,29894,481681,10242,22800,451257,31856,63264,446411,130138,177251,300301,1626,6,52007,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,6,96,33,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","SALEM HABR",0,"BIT COAL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,170230,67910,116594,174526,68827,87604,182421,75469,107334,180983,73494,87888,123760,53441,145441,149482,64633,132065,157915,67184,148469,169338,69504,116124,140768,59871,93091,133365,56779,72780,147538,65216,99054,158287,70574,72828,1626,6,52007,"BIT","ST" 14,25,1,3,2,96,40,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","GLOUCESTER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,180,400,1027,365,1056,1255,495,500,1183,191,320,863,798,1430,1148,331,615,1333,398,757,1219,767,1957,1197,100,165,1033,0,0,1031,2,3,1465,491,918,1190,1624,6,52007,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,3,2,96,50,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","NEWBURYPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,23,31,898,242,431,942,1,0,943,124,222,720,79,135,986,279,516,828,384,714,746,466,834,770,24,47,723,5,10,715,0,0,929,200,360,998,1625,6,52007,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,1,,96,55,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","FIFE BROOK",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4107,0,0,3775,0,0,4880,0,0,1321,0,0,312,0,0,338,0,0,198,0,0,494,0,0,291,0,0,2274,0,0,4150,0,0,3161,0,0,8004,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,60,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BEAR SWAMP",0,"P-PUMPSTG",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,-17861,61325,0,-15324,57381,0,-16082,58258,0,-15241,53916,0,-14630,56226,0,-16812,61971,0,-18159,63682,0,-15902,62948,0,-16995,61404,0,-17477,62001,0,-15650,58713,0,-16215,58454,0,8005,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,5,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","CABOT",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,27350,0,0,20962,0,0,33562,0,0,28813,0,0,2450,0,0,11373,0,0,5730,0,0,10888,0,0,1060,0,0,21360,0,0,32264,0,0,23532,0,0,1629,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,10,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","COBBLE MT",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,2687,0,0,2401,0,0,3134,0,0,1490,0,0,613,0,0,1371,0,0,1579,0,0,2606,0,0,404,0,0,934,0,0,679,0,0,2257,0,0,1630,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,12,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","DWIGHT",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,541,0,0,520,0,0,744,0,0,709,0,0,972,0,0,422,0,0,241,0,0,219,0,0,137,0,0,316,0,0,187,0,0,450,0,0,6378,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,20,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","GARDER FLS",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,1535,0,0,1501,0,0,2140,0,0,1273,0,0,591,0,0,393,0,0,159,0,0,373,0,0,244,0,0,740,0,0,1394,0,0,1292,0,0,1634,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,30,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","IND ORCHARD",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,1913,0,0,854,0,0,1614,0,0,786,0,0,661,0,0,177,0,0,8,0,0,59,0,0,4,0,0,434,0,0,1375,0,0,741,0,0,6379,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,32,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","PUTTS BRDGE",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,224,0,0,252,0,0,1368,0,0,249,0,0,550,0,0,741,0,0,249,0,0,393,0,0,186,0,0,1233,0,0,1150,0,0,251,0,0,1637,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,33,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","RED BRIDGE",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,2265,0,0,1259,0,0,1699,0,0,1592,0,0,1025,0,0,689,0,0,212,0,0,256,0,0,150,0,0,1248,0,0,7724,0,0,1271,0,0,1638,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,35,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","TURNERS FL",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,1180,0,0,-9,0,0,2580,0,0,457,0,0,2357,0,0,3,0,0,320,0,0,753,0,0,1529,0,0,1437,0,0,3487,0,0,96,0,0,6388,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,37,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","NORTHFLD MT",0,"P-PUMPSTG",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,-40582,142177,0,-33131,122422,0,-34507,127754,0,-38191,123876,0,-53574,130653,0,-54650,139615,0,-65287,149806,0,-58299,150495,0,-60095,144418,0,-65178,152081,0,-51403,135668,0,-54958,140849,0,547,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,4,2,145,38,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","DOREEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,50,156,956,319,789,738,14,84,997,11,135,1029,31,63,967,166,460,863,117,360,1099,422,1231,1099,69,204,1073,-10,0,1073,34,122,951,162,418,771,1631,6,53266,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,2,2,145,55,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","W SPRINGFLD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,0,0,533,101,224,458,0,0,458,19,36,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,379,1642,6,53266,"FO2","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,145,55,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","W SPRINGFLD",0,"HEAVY OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,3033,6175,75421,4119,8425,75374,344,607,80604,1867,3252,77352,19,33,77318,750,1321,75997,1456,2596,73401,758,1343,72058,0,0,72058,0,0,72923,2320,5181,76520,13739,24402,55074,1642,6,53266,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,145,55,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","W SPRINGFLD",0,"NAT GAS",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,2167,27681,0,81,1046,0,24872,278755,0,28674,316564,0,33801,372726,0,33691,376470,0,34950,395433,0,39329,440670,0,21443,242289,0,3420,45099,0,110,1547,0,158,1773,0,1642,6,53266,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,145,55,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","W SPRINGFLD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,45,159,682,84,220,801,-17,0,801,-12,0,801,-3,12,789,108,297,6777,282,717,1096,319,633,977,0,0,977,0,0,977,0,0,977,0,0,977,1642,6,53266,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,4,2,145,60,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","WOODLAND RD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,38,127,1027,218,623,814,3,20,1144,11,96,1048,22,56,992,219,604,924,341,963,1130,373,1030,1017,32,105,1090,-7,0,1090,5,59,1032,156,398,534,1643,6,53266,"FO2","GT" 14,25,5,3,2,532,5,"BRAINTREE (CITY OF)","POTTER",0,"LIGHT OIL",2144,"0M",1294,,,95,1,3,0,40,86,0,2,4,0,8,15,0,18,33,0,0,0,0,66,37,0,90,173,0,8,15,0,16,29,0,0,0,0,47,86,0,1660,6,50315,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,5,9,532,5,"BRAINTREE (CITY OF)","POTTER",0,"WASTE HT",2144,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1660,6,50315,"NG","CC" 14,25,5,6,2,532,5,"BRAINTREE (CITY OF)","POTTER",0,"LIGHT OIL",2144,"0M",1294,,,95,597,1163,3860,1950,3916,4922,529,946,3897,722,1243,2632,0,0,2595,0,0,2595,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,418,803,0,0,0,0,563,1271,0,1660,6,50315,"FO2","CT" 14,25,5,6,9,532,5,"BRAINTREE (CITY OF)","POTTER",0,"NAT GAS",2144,"0M",1294,,,95,6985,76876,0,16116,164048,0,4161,42418,0,25648,268544,0,6647,61554,0,0,0,0,6439,68107,0,22225,231091,0,11633,125960,0,2826,30097,0,605,6473,0,2795,30378,0,1660,6,50315,"NG","CT" 14,25,5,1,,597,5,"HOLYOKE (CITY OF)","HOLYOKE",0,,8776,"0M",1294,,,95,1039,0,0,94,0,0,1200,0,0,538,0,0,244,0,0,216,0,0,169,0,0,308,0,0,243,0,0,308,0,0,843,0,0,63,0,0,9864,6,51325,"WAT","HY" 14,25,5,2,3,597,5,"HOLYOKE (CITY OF)","HOLYOKE",0,"HEAVY OIL",8776,"0M",1294,,,95,-34,8,21223,-7,161,18597,-32,0,17335,-149,242,9944,-157,0,11105,-26,144,12014,197,918,10400,173,751,10383,0,0,21744,-26,2,23445,-45,21,21407,48,571,24539,9864,6,51325,"FO6","ST" 14,25,5,2,9,597,5,"HOLYOKE (CITY OF)","HOLYOKE",0,"NAT GAS",8776,"0M",1294,,,95,-406,548,0,-47,7095,0,-432,0,0,-151,1508,0,-180,0,0,-82,2775,0,358,10343,0,495,13260,0,-282,0,0,-300,136,0,-310,907,0,116,8617,0,9864,6,51325,"NG","ST" 14,25,5,3,2,602,1,"HUDSON (CITY OF)","CHERRY ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",8973,"0A",1294,,,95,126,216,6535,468,801,5733,24,47,5687,49,79,5608,60,99,5509,136,242,5267,334,576,4687,237,442,10028,21,36,9992,0,0,9992,0,0,9992,0,613,9379,9038,6,51362,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,3,9,602,1,"HUDSON (CITY OF)","CHERRY ST",0,"NAT GAS",8973,"0A",1294,,,95,16,177,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,27,276,0,223,2327,0,514,5353,0,813,8555,0,1067,10973,0,248,2679,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,9038,6,51362,"NG","IC" 14,25,5,3,2,613,1,"IPSWICH (CITY OF)","IPSWICH",0,"LIGHT OIL",9442,"0A",1294,,,95,3,144,1524,185,504,1020,-44,84,928,26,97,839,45,81,751,112,229,1817,221,430,1388,171,335,1053,42,71,981,0,0,1991,0,13,1901,70,285,1616,1670,6,51411,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,3,9,613,1,"IPSWICH (CITY OF)","IPSWICH",0,"NAT GAS",9442,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,-7,91,0,26,564,0,193,2049,0,356,4180,0,540,6225,0,488,5467,0,218,2149,0,0,0,0,0,164,0,0,0,0,1670,6,51411,"NG","IC" 14,25,5,3,2,630,20,"MARBLEHEAD (CITY OF)","COMM ST 2",0,"LIGHT OIL",11624,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,134,30,54,153,0,0,124,1,4,109,8,23,86,22,43,163,30,67,96,40,77,139,3,3,134,0,0,129,0,0,107,16,31,153,6585,6,51769,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,3,2,630,25,"MARBLEHEAD (CITY OF)","WILKINS STA",0,"LIGHT OIL",11624,"0A",1294,,,95,24,42,422,242,404,495,3,4,490,17,25,466,41,67,398,140,249,387,184,331,532,214,384,390,17,34,833,0,0,831,0,0,833,105,187,646,6586,6,51769,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,4,2,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"LIGHT OIL",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,868,1812,0,3250,6760,0,1070,2159,0,1016,2152,0,1531,3641,0,3583,7206,0,6923,15010,0,5440,12228,0,1296,2825,0,251,525,0,0,0,0,2081,4355,0,6081,6,56516,"FO2","GT" 14,25,5,5,2,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"LIGHT OIL",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,4867,0,0,4882,0,0,1895,0,0,0,0,0,1645,0,0,1298,0,0,2909,0,0,2231,0,0,542,0,0,137,0,0,778,0,0,7866,0,0,6081,6,56516,"FO2","CC" 14,25,5,5,9,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"WASTE HT",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,667,6409,0,33,225,0,713,7903,0,38860,226425,0,32080,282829,0,30410,271547,0,30355,268417,0,22281,199679,0,16911,152536,0,13731,126250,0,649,6336,0,0,0,0,6081,6,56516,"NG","CC" 14,25,5,6,2,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"LIGHT OIL",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,16765,34499,275954,17076,35625,171066,1732,3145,164811,15194,31318,130811,4458,10049,117055,3259,6474,203614,7129,14689,223923,5719,12097,199458,1427,2966,193410,406,852,191674,2974,6318,192851,24527,50346,140778,6081,6,56516,"FO2","CT" 14,25,5,6,9,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"NAT GAS",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,2298,22081,0,33,225,0,7123,78947,0,38860,226425,0,85133,750563,0,75927,677993,0,74156,655728,0,57044,511219,0,44278,399380,0,38588,354794,0,2475,24166,0,0,0,0,6081,6,56516,"NG","CT" 14,25,5,4,2,668,10,"PEABODY (CITY OF)","WATERS RIVR",0,"LIGHT OIL",14605,"0M",1294,,,95,4,11,7009,461,990,6019,3,13,6006,114,218,5789,218,411,5378,259,572,4806,1447,3081,5724,79,204,5787,0,0,5770,0,0,5770,0,0,5770,751,1304,4214,1678,6,52270,"FO2","GT" 14,25,5,4,9,668,10,"PEABODY (CITY OF)","WATERS RIVR",0,"NAT GAS",14605,"0M",1294,,,95,71,948,0,818,8676,0,0,0,0,298,3898,0,500,6079,0,1161,14052,0,735,10563,0,2810,34245,0,871,10971,0,16,244,0,0,0,0,136,1612,0,1678,6,52270,"NG","GT" 14,25,5,3,2,695,1,"SHREWSBURY (CITY OF)","SHREWSBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",17127,"0A",1294,,,95,-48,53,1717,-20,96,1621,-72,0,1621,-59,0,1621,-27,43,1577,28,133,1444,206,450,994,393,793,1630,-12,58,1571,-52,4,1568,-66,0,1568,5,146,1421,6125,6,52653,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,2,3,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,707,1487,45484,117,274,41056,124,1171,40232,227,881,38944,154,338,18232,1782,3821,13122,1997,4404,13146,1671,3714,26632,1017,1981,30701,285,1042,41468,209,665,43572,1269,2308,3691,1682,6,52885,"FO6","ST" 14,25,5,5,3,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,2588,4259,0,3074,4987,0,7,71,0,264,1016,0,10569,21610,0,5376,8750,0,7132,10296,0,7761,11325,0,6430,8473,0,269,1218,0,135,435,0,7563,7563,0,1682,6,52885,"FO6","CC" 14,25,5,5,9,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"NAT GAS",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,88,2162,0,0,0,0,0,7,0,70,898,0,11828,118101,0,7953,72245,0,11517,102477,0,3409,38796,0,275,3743,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1682,6,52885,"NG","CC" 14,25,5,6,2,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,600,1721,500,1175,3321,414,0,10,405,0,0,405,23,155,250,230,719,0,424,1426,393,75,247,983,20,69,920,0,0,922,172,601,798,1596,4611,881,1682,6,52885,"FO2","CT" 14,25,5,6,3,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1682,6,52885,"FO6","CT" 14,25,5,6,9,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"NAT GAS",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,215,3547,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,9,220,0,91,2523,0,3269,55134,0,3573,59309,0,4974,79500,0,4776,58796,0,188,2751,0,2,41,0,0,0,0,1682,6,52885,"NG","CT" 15,44,1,3,2,59,1,"BLOCK ISLAND POWER CO","BLOCK ISL",0,"LIGHT OIL",1857,"0A",1294,,,95,640,929,1894,560,757,1368,454,801,1953,666,926,2412,871,1183,2384,728,1492,1815,1748,2173,1258,1686,2317,1251,852,1532,1104,890,1214,1044,683,904,1044,537,1042,1378,6567,6,50270,"FO2","IC" 15,44,1,2,3,60,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MANCHSTR ST",0,"HEAVY OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6954,6984,12805,21121,8031,15471,21089,11950,17787,9381,10642,17134,20900,3236,6,52007,"FO6","ST" 15,44,1,2,6,60,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MANCHSTR ST",0,"BIT COAL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3236,6,52007,"BIT","ST" 15,44,1,2,9,60,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MANCHSTR ST",0,"NAT GAS",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,185,6790,0,5496,108488,0,22180,283931,0,57696,544903,0,43911,426261,0,200212,1571059,0,273062,2060878,0,3236,6,52007,"NG","ST" 15,44,1,3,2,71,5,"NEWPORT ELECTRIC CORP","ELDRED",0,"LIGHT OIL",13549,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,912,146,241,919,0,0,916,14,24,893,280,476,872,38,285,806,254,445,603,431,759,765,53,97,884,0,0,884,30,55,818,186,311,942,3240,6,52046,"FO2","IC" 15,44,1,3,2,71,15,"NEWPORT ELECTRIC CORP","JEPSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",13549,"0A",1294,,,95,10,19,1047,104,179,864,0,0,1112,13,24,1094,58,103,998,35,303,926,228,421,966,339,620,1037,31,56,977,0,0,977,0,0,977,162,273,920,3241,6,52046,"FO2","IC" 15,44,5,1,,600,1,"PROVIDENCE (CITY OF)","PROVIDENCE",0,,15440,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3245,6,52404,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,21,1,"GILMAN BROTHERS CO","GILMAN",0,,6885,"0A",1294,"R",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,536,6,50309,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,5,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","BULLS BRDGE",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,4542,0,0,3859,0,0,4535,0,0,4526,0,0,711,0,0,1545,0,0,596,0,0,576,0,0,83,0,0,3291,0,0,5258,0,0,4512,0,0,541,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,15,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","ROBERTSVLE",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,228,0,0,144,0,0,74,0,0,117,0,0,0,0,0,23,0,0,4,0,0,14,0,0,1,0,0,58,0,0,0,0,0,7,0,0,549,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,20,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","ROCKY RIVER",0,"C-PUMPSTG",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,-532,573,0,-108,831,0,-5011,4942,0,-3890,3881,0,-2483,2464,0,-30,0,0,-50,160,0,-45,941,0,-34,0,0,-295,262,0,3242,0,0,3543,0,0,539,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,25,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","SCOTLAND DM",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1196,0,0,762,0,0,1285,0,0,753,0,0,65,0,0,169,0,0,32,0,0,83,0,0,9,0,0,401,0,0,43,0,0,524,0,0,551,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,28,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","SHEPAUG",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,19987,0,0,8510,0,0,16746,0,0,8668,0,0,479,0,0,3113,0,0,1323,0,0,1665,0,0,561,0,0,4280,0,0,17593,0,0,9586,0,0,552,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,30,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","STEVENSON",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,14594,0,0,6873,0,0,12878,0,0,7022,0,0,5946,0,0,2333,0,0,1155,0,0,1565,0,0,585,0,0,7574,0,0,15018,0,0,7269,0,0,553,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,33,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","TAFTVILLE",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1047,0,0,773,0,0,1181,0,0,662,0,0,0,0,0,286,0,0,106,0,0,168,0,0,58,0,0,376,0,0,802,0,0,539,0,0,554,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,35,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","TUNNEL",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1344,0,0,790,0,0,1127,0,0,808,0,0,808,0,0,130,0,0,51,0,0,62,0,0,13,0,0,528,0,0,1238,0,0,756,0,0,557,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,4,2,37,35,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","TUNNEL",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,92,241,1121,148,413,1052,-10,0,1052,8,34,1017,-9,0,1017,174,492,1054,399,1075,1028,391,1123,1060,-10,0,1060,-9,0,1060,-8,0,1060,247,642,1013,557,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,4,2,37,37,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","COS COB",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,338,879,6366,1004,2550,5530,-6,0,6730,61,328,6402,100,252,6836,1043,2766,6164,1606,4183,6744,1574,4512,6417,89,372,6045,10,115,5931,-7,47,5884,478,1250,6205,542,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,2,37,40,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","DEVON",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,4,7,607,26,48,738,10,19,719,8,14,705,6,12,693,5,10,683,12,21,662,5,10,652,35,67,586,12,21,564,10,19,545,126,250,652,544,6,50651,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,37,40,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","DEVON",0,"HEAVY OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1691,2896,140820,5317,8938,131882,6310,10503,160145,2309,3909,156236,1040,1748,154488,1026,1746,152742,366,624,152118,0,0,152118,0,0,152118,1119,1895,186866,0,0,223227,52715,95704,164704,544,6,50651,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,9,37,40,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","DEVON",0,"NAT GAS",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,139882,1480772,0,125833,1333372,0,140034,1484076,0,74718,805341,0,129292,1364215,0,113222,1209824,0,134347,1440396,0,141005,1520883,0,84240,919763,0,92690,988325,0,85651,910220,0,1027,11734,0,544,6,50651,"NG","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,37,40,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","DEVON",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,-8,0,826,52,143,1016,-6,0,1016,11,41,975,15,50,924,93,252,873,213,464,899,323,840,1155,12,42,1113,14,46,864,-8,0,864,126,312,755,544,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,2,37,45,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MONTVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,79,187,224,71,184,282,0,0,277,35,81,316,26,52,254,126,275,254,225,460,205,169,342,281,13,78,193,-9,27,344,11,35,57,248,530,404,546,6,50651,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,37,45,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MONTVILLE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,19404,42123,179930,11903,28403,229734,496,984,267130,8852,18669,287361,73,131,287230,16090,31789,255441,33046,60820,194621,29759,54794,250449,448,2452,286041,-459,1261,284780,4782,14127,272628,50192,96782,219079,546,6,50651,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,9,37,45,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MONTVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,2644,35575,0,1337,19886,0,14239,177907,0,15760,209674,0,26332,300080,0,15321,191070,0,33080,384304,0,29657,341116,0,660,22744,0,-410,7132,0,948,17617,0,2622,31910,0,546,6,50651,"NG","ST" 16,9,1,3,2,37,45,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MONTVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,5,11,429,51,91,429,3,5,429,21,47,429,5,10,429,32,60,429,47,88,429,44,82,429,5,10,429,0,0,429,7,15,429,14,27,429,546,6,50651,"FO2","IC" 16,9,1,2,2,37,46,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","NORWALK HAR",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1942,3751,1166,1049,1831,1166,1411,2570,1166,801,1409,746,830,1566,1275,1306,2393,1275,1212,2164,1208,1005,1793,1129,448,996,1090,743,1549,1201,1863,3623,816,1573,2830,1073,548,6,50651,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,37,46,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","NORWALK HAR",0,"HEAVY OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,61485,109340,281515,116317,186438,251428,53269,89422,277523,112195,177490,244461,49615,86635,387526,72024,117143,423659,87276,142042,395624,69104,110519,365065,12764,26032,444868,12966,24423,458286,56112,97835,437824,98414,160154,343905,548,6,50651,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,37,46,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","NORWALK HAR",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,"R",550,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,-12,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,548,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,1,,37,60,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","BANTAM",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,166,0,0,122,0,0,177,0,0,99,0,0,0,0,0,24,0,0,2,0,0,9,0,0,0,0,0,66,0,0,182,0,0,126,0,0,6457,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,65,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","FLS VILLAGE",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,6485,0,0,3067,0,0,6148,0,0,4269,0,0,57,0,0,1043,0,0,359,0,0,386,0,0,86,0,0,3283,0,0,6134,0,0,3241,0,0,560,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,4,2,37,70,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","FRANKLIN DR",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,87,251,1073,112,303,770,-21,0,770,6,41,429,9,45,1229,156,508,1033,386,937,931,385,1480,880,-11,0,808,-12,0,808,-14,0,0,109,306,1000,561,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,2,37,75,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MIDDLETOWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,52,116,72,106,200,205,37,72,134,69,119,181,93,171,177,62,115,62,142,274,121,143,283,195,159,331,184,25,61,123,89,174,116,58,124,159,562,6,50651,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,37,75,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MIDDLETOWN",0,"HEAVY OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,28156,57773,619646,82338,144562,470965,28954,52136,494722,112799,180932,367774,91771,154447,321716,103385,178821,285273,180564,315539,192342,120265,219668,308678,14240,27382,395204,9172,20697,432521,29631,53865,465010,116423,197687,379501,562,6,50651,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,37,75,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MIDDLETOWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,0,0,986,60,155,998,2,12,986,0,0,986,18,56,1096,133,235,803,220,518,962,326,864,969,6,21,948,0,0,946,0,0,936,0,0,936,562,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,"C",37,80,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","S MEADOW",0,"REFUSE",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,36668,0,0,31584,0,0,30750,0,0,36558,0,0,4988,0,0,38064,0,0,35273,0,0,35840,0,0,37803,0,0,39379,0,0,36583,0,0,40236,0,0,563,6,50651,"GEO","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,37,80,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","S MEADOW",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,547,1286,33605,2263,5797,27807,-4,195,27613,257,794,4952,465,1373,43574,2527,6621,35953,4081,8784,28189,3486,11650,34410,234,1143,29931,-49,0,29931,56,271,29660,2479,6072,23588,563,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,4,2,37,85,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","TORRINGTN T",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,80,183,802,-19,0,802,9,49,753,4,24,729,-6,0,1062,163,373,867,4081,6864,28189,583,1059,947,4,16,931,-7,0,931,-8,0,931,173,446,1006,565,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,4,2,37,90,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","BRANFORD",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,-23,0,993,-11,0,993,-12,0,983,-9,0,993,-12,0,993,-15,0,963,303,888,1170,580,1248,981,112,115,1073,-7,12,1061,12,62,999,103,312,1042,540,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,1,45,1,"CONN YANKEE ATOMIC PWR CO","HADDAM NECK",0,"NUCLEAR",4187,"0M",1294,,551,95,349804,0,0,-2724,0,0,-2714,0,0,80321,0,0,411060,0,0,385019,0,0,346822,0,0,397229,0,0,404771,0,0,427136,0,0,421633,0,0,435253,0,0,558,6,50652,"UR","ST" 16,9,1,1,,70,1,"FARMINGTON RIVER POWER CO","RAINBOW",0,,6207,"0A",1294,,,95,4465,0,0,2602,0,0,3654,0,0,2574,0,0,1712,0,0,1108,0,0,787,0,0,842,0,0,700,0,0,2530,0,0,4222,0,0,2756,0,0,559,6,50970,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,2,1,85,1,"NORTHEAST NUCL ENERGY CO","MILLSTONE",0,"NUCLEAR",21687,"0M",1294,,553,95,474794,0,0,424364,0,0,479164,0,0,452923,0,0,470915,0,0,397551,0,0,307242,0,0,369216,0,0,459416,0,0,478184,0,0,46176,0,0,-2630,0,0,566,6,50005,"UR","ST" 16,9,1,2,1,85,2,"NORTHEAST NUCL ENERGY CO","MILLSTONE",0,"NUCLEAR",21687,"0M",1294,,553,95,-2968,0,0,-3117,0,0,-2841,0,0,12840,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-8427,0,0,340333,0,0,625348,0,0,645987,0,0,618792,0,0,511064,0,0,566,6,50005,"UR","ST" 16,9,1,2,1,85,3,"NORTHEAST NUCL ENERGY CO","MILLSTONE",0,"NUCLEAR",21687,"0M",1294,,553,95,853882,0,0,758672,0,0,851613,0,0,328284,0,0,0,0,0,594786,0,0,853005,0,0,844847,0,0,822134,0,0,852985,0,0,817800,0,0,422956,0,0,566,6,50005,"UR","ST" 16,9,1,2,2,159,3,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","BRDGEPT HBR",0,"LIGHT OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,289,498,533,83,144,555,103,183,538,278,575,297,94,164,466,159,276,523,127,224,632,239,436,363,60,105,591,207,368,557,52,92,465,58,101,530,568,6,53003,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,159,3,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","BRDGEPT HBR",0,"HEAVY OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,12678,20036,157706,31465,49414,142873,1716,2749,140124,28015,51807,143380,11615,18496,124884,34707,55499,150609,43253,69685,122107,18699,30642,149294,6814,10677,163242,4908,7842,155400,4195,6665,148735,54634,86347,0,568,6,53003,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,6,159,3,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","BRDGEPT HBR",0,"BIT COAL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,193441,73716,182983,223214,85285,166858,221070,86802,148636,4755,2176,201542,224862,86475,170775,217578,84500,168741,225684,88542,121774,166492,67303,123827,199715,77070,157924,143992,56780,199095,198867,77375,176894,249682,95223,163986,568,6,53003,"BIT","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,159,3,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","BRDGEPT HBR",0,"LIGHT OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,4,8,549,151,259,469,0,0,647,5,12,635,10,18,617,12,22,595,145,256,696,308,560,493,63,111,560,0,0,560,9,16,545,75,130,594,568,6,53003,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,2,159,5,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","ENGLISH",0,"LIGHT OIL",19497,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,569,6,53003,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,159,5,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","ENGLISH",0,"HEAVY OIL",19497,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,569,6,53003,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,2,159,12,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","N HAVEN HBR",0,"LIGHT OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,876,1540,484,437,731,468,424,737,445,327,564,583,511,892,406,254,441,667,361,632,570,401,702,762,359,651,646,23,502,680,959,1741,546,779,1314,482,6156,6,53003,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,159,12,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","N HAVEN HBR",0,"HEAVY OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,104071,166097,286634,171042,260046,151260,95848,151028,241794,147390,227183,379543,69013,110799,306351,74009,117219,286218,97251,153426,333078,88533,139665,374595,39346,64393,310202,163,3184,307018,72476,120773,186245,162959,252660,0,6156,6,53003,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,9,159,12,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","N HAVEN HBR",0,"NAT GAS",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,31250,307224,0,64504,630374,0,76077,749979,0,81590,800742,0,99404,985733,0,49501,489902,0,13044,134068,0,34,4180,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6156,6,53003,"NG","ST" 16,9,5,1,,556,5,"NORWICH (CITY OF)","SECOND ST",0,,13831,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5,0,0,174,0,0,101,0,0,67,0,0,17,0,0,180,0,0,272,0,0,324,0,0,580,6,52123,"WAT","HY" 16,9,5,1,,556,10,"NORWICH (CITY OF)","OCCUM",0,,13831,"0A",1294,,,95,516,0,0,356,0,0,529,0,0,370,0,0,225,0,0,257,0,0,63,0,0,95,0,0,42,0,0,215,0,0,420,0,0,292,0,0,582,6,52123,"WAT","HY" 16,9,5,1,,556,13,"NORWICH (CITY OF)","TENTH ST",0,,13831,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,83,0,0,0,0,0,113,0,0,54,0,0,255,0,0,534,0,0,636,0,0,583,6,52123,"WAT","HY" 16,9,5,4,2,556,20,"NORWICH (CITY OF)","N MAIN ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",13831,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,1935,53,168,1767,0,0,1767,0,0,1767,23,56,1711,62,161,1550,402,1007,1693,531,1325,1518,0,0,1518,0,0,1518,0,0,1518,117,296,2388,581,6,52123,"FO2","GT" 16,9,5,3,2,560,1,"SOUTH NORWALK (CITY OF)","SO NORWALK",0,"LIGHT OIL",17569,"0A",1294,,,95,50,90,1114,84,147,1614,27,49,1523,27,45,1455,71,123,1331,70,125,1235,242,444,819,209,351,1604,20,34,1570,2,4,1736,9,13,1671,98,158,1418,6598,6,52704,"FO2","IC" 16,9,5,2,3,567,1,"WALLINGFORD (CITY OF)","PIERCE",0,"HEAVY OIL",20038,"0A",1294,,,95,0,15,1540,368,1067,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,146,445,1873,0,0,1873,0,0,1873,0,0,1873,6635,6,53175,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,1,,35,10,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DASHVILLE",0,,3249,"0M",1294,,,95,2381,0,0,502,0,0,1130,0,0,814,0,0,844,0,0,273,0,0,156,0,0,52,0,0,6,0,0,1173,0,0,1735,0,0,901,0,0,2481,6,50484,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,35,18,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","NEVERSINK",0,,3249,"0M",1294,,,95,4408,0,0,4221,0,0,4645,0,0,2716,0,0,2618,0,0,2849,0,0,10968,0,0,9289,0,0,3298,0,0,2724,0,0,2482,0,0,4970,0,0,2483,6,50484,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,35,20,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","STURGEON PL",0,,3249,"0M",1294,,,95,9300,0,0,4140,0,0,8251,0,0,4665,0,0,3127,0,0,1123,0,0,872,0,0,359,0,0,111,0,0,5834,0,0,7954,0,0,3663,0,0,2486,6,50484,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,3,35,25,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DANSKAMMER",0,"HEAVY OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,10567,2887,4585,13091,0,0,13091,0,0,13091,377,619,12472,1176,2123,10349,198,406,9943,0,0,9943,0,0,9943,0,0,9943,16,30,9913,0,0,9913,2480,6,50484,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,35,25,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DANSKAMMER",0,"BIT COAL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,180547,67912,176943,208851,77841,149786,144579,54893,173619,180437,67955,164986,58267,23110,161831,149627,57630,163884,131893,51114,152154,127793,49654,170960,144488,55872,134561,60315,24424,150152,137406,60589,138420,208309,77898,129136,2480,6,50484,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,35,25,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DANSKAMMER",0,"NAT GAS",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,12788,136338,0,5348,58875,0,52133,554622,0,1003,12881,0,26410,269381,0,9355,110458,0,50047,563362,0,64005,727957,0,42268,475832,0,72329,806049,0,21208,238996,0,526,5007,0,2480,6,50484,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,35,25,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DANSKAMMER",0,"LIGHT OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,38,70,119,10,15,278,29,38,240,10,9,231,5,9,222,30,55,167,29,60,281,48,81,200,48,99,274,48,83,191,38,76,289,9,16,273,2480,6,50484,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,35,35,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","SOUTH CAIRO",0,"LIGHT OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,74,178,2486,0,0,2486,0,0,2486,0,0,2486,13,31,2455,198,577,1878,16,34,1844,70,197,1647,0,0,2719,0,0,2719,39,93,2626,18,49,2577,2485,6,50484,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,35,40,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","W COXSACKIE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,2487,6,50484,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,35,40,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","W COXSACKIE",0,"NAT GAS",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,90,1181,0,32,427,0,0,0,0,45,632,0,59,962,0,631,9351,0,109,1557,0,530,7243,0,0,0,0,52,789,0,180,2430,0,69,1043,0,2487,6,50484,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,35,45,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","ROSETON JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,1744,3069,2289,782,1361,3014,1071,2036,2369,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,17,2525,654,2512,1229,581,1004,2137,8006,6,50484,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,35,45,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","ROSETON JO",0,"HEAVY OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,49649,80148,781308,157108,249990,495225,13890,23984,478029,0,0,478029,0,0,478029,0,0,604069,0,0,604069,0,0,604069,0,0,604069,0,0,589640,1356,4755,599314,189513,299562,451927,8006,6,50484,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,35,45,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","ROSETON JO",0,"NAT GAS",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,33526,336575,0,69660,692555,0,24026,260204,0,0,0,0,177930,1880760,0,186946,1950511,0,310122,3310810,0,247281,2627847,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2849,61824,0,7068,69278,0,8006,6,50484,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,1,,35,50,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","HIGH FALLS",0,,3249,"0M",1294,,,95,1184,0,0,92,0,0,1122,0,0,69,0,0,143,0,0,23,0,0,26,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,340,0,0,1057,0,0,170,0,0,579,6,50484,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,37,5,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","CARVERS FLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,921,0,0,597,0,0,1182,0,0,1121,0,0,691,0,0,250,0,0,18,0,0,58,0,0,0,0,0,391,0,0,1196,0,0,502,0,0,6456,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,3,40,1,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ARTHUR KILL",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,7328,11940,18519,0,0,18519,0,0,18519,0,0,18513,0,0,18513,2490,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,1,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ARTHUR KILL",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,-1408,17220,0,-1393,16473,0,-1276,5546,0,42517,495291,0,55216,582417,0,194234,1938196,0,301093,2957985,0,278373,2754690,0,147636,1480827,0,-1783,3561,0,-1398,5,0,-1433,5,0,2490,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,1,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ARTHUR KILL",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,13,44,1913,67,194,1823,0,0,1823,36,79,1744,215,635,1882,298,918,2083,566,1739,2154,371,1201,1884,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2490,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,1,40,2,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","INDIAN PT",0,"NUCLEAR",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,562851,0,0,52711,0,0,-6970,0,0,-3790,0,0,-13730,0,0,241777,0,0,674078,0,0,678357,0,0,681364,0,0,661697,0,0,694091,0,0,636105,0,0,2497,6,50653,"UR","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,40,3,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ASTORIA",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,44284,69523,204071,87234,136417,162405,51168,80603,150832,37361,58624,135192,36339,59441,192317,36196,59149,130130,89762,143025,106180,87335,138221,98117,59995,93814,117887,54037,87216,125085,64568,101738,117638,289554,461968,161157,8906,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,3,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ASTORIA",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,270672,2666431,0,244705,2376465,0,354262,3528212,0,241575,2383868,0,275033,2732177,0,466083,4630924,0,417404,4132582,0,422777,4216725,0,331846,3235732,0,333120,3377003,0,267480,2653281,0,78615,787377,0,8906,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,3,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ASTORIA",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,1484,3523,70541,935,2176,68112,695,1314,66869,1270,3125,63744,1033,2385,61076,1517,3666,57410,5121,12698,44790,1655,4191,48468,794,1989,67296,758,1842,65454,651,1541,63965,4785,11328,52945,8906,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,40,3,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ASTORIA",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,1238,16825,0,4723,63317,0,9436,102713,0,19761,279920,0,13199,175023,0,14602,203072,0,50641,721027,0,30754,443611,0,22755,324431,0,10683,150198,0,29807,410036,0,1300,17862,0,8906,6,50653,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,5,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","EAST RIVER",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,48411,100447,260377,52328,112594,251467,22577,46041,196293,14368,29471,111609,10915,20599,75923,9443,18148,129321,17347,33410,143239,17145,35799,154704,57,119,208820,391,883,155405,24581,53489,125358,26299,56899,135819,2493,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,5,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","EAST RIVER",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,22936,297706,0,16423,222129,0,33740,432005,0,32894,424765,0,83114,976015,0,52018,626673,0,74759,901280,0,43540,571392,0,62070,814818,0,38780,549257,0,26334,362630,0,4079,55677,0,2493,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,40,8,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","59TH STREET",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,134,711,28019,-168,0,13932,-186,0,17029,-180,0,14663,-186,0,16921,-180,0,14962,-186,0,34238,-186,0,28013,0,0,18655,-186,0,24175,-180,0,21506,-186,0,15408,2503,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,8,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","59TH STREET",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-180,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2503,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,8,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","59TH STREET",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2421,12,43,2379,0,0,2379,34,63,2315,382,920,2169,220,532,2101,517,1422,2132,154,399,2018,0,0,2018,0,0,2018,0,0,2019,0,0,2019,2503,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,40,10,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","GOWANUS",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,3431,10187,54995,3032,8863,61517,3332,9885,51514,5596,16946,54888,9656,30399,58173,10867,35156,51183,35078,112111,54362,18095,69179,54055,9925,32320,51120,3062,9091,61678,11850,35551,63660,11082,31386,52408,2494,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,40,17,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","INDIAN PT",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,10,470,1357,110,334,1476,0,0,1438,10,26,1387,190,648,1553,120,502,1367,618,1994,1429,339,1276,1561,10,65,1518,10,49,1466,70,568,1361,10,79,1524,2497,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,18,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","HUDSON AVE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,13942,16640,116475,22892,27677,121761,19571,25683,88715,5881,7513,112117,13579,17821,145862,8960,11221,121321,17004,23012,156902,16358,21789,184711,8488,11589,233738,9039,12876,207818,15377,22058,190563,21649,30797,210122,2496,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,18,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","HUDSON AVE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,32,106,3790,262,520,3270,24,63,4088,0,0,4088,318,932,4131,366,1254,4363,1154,3982,3948,684,2253,4361,44,148,4212,7,28,4185,255,954,4157,0,0,4471,2496,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,40,23,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","NARROWS BAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,1815,5002,70995,2374,6488,64363,3121,8503,70742,4829,13085,57595,4696,13259,61188,7112,20641,70359,14360,43802,86922,0,0,86754,113,310,61193,358,1046,60146,2527,7040,53007,5977,17365,64411,2499,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,40,23,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","NARROWS BAY",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,160,2545,0,0,0,0,1437,23105,0,3151,50378,0,5478,91177,0,7841,132409,0,26727,472807,0,23321,410674,0,8725,137237,0,6684,112244,0,14121,266734,0,726,12168,0,2499,6,50653,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,25,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","RAVENSWOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,56562,96769,43835,156038,248776,28947,15866,27428,34677,22910,42845,42500,30055,54093,37926,31922,55970,39660,31596,55334,44269,54612,90412,42941,11656,19796,32055,4144,7555,26939,45172,77641,44297,97823,181018,43354,2500,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,25,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","RAVENSWOOD",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,209768,2234824,0,193780,1928735,0,161992,1747544,0,161776,1895581,0,200509,2260799,0,241862,2659354,0,377330,4132582,0,492580,5112387,0,269868,2872681,0,121326,1378858,0,190022,2065045,0,34903,408143,0,2500,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,25,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","RAVENSWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,317,1144,40469,1114,3166,37304,412,1109,36195,1364,3752,32443,0,0,32613,292,765,31848,1020,2785,39004,707,2001,37003,43,116,38759,232,819,37940,91,256,37684,3105,8078,40525,2500,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,40,25,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","RAVENSWOOD",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,699,14506,0,461,7543,0,1614,25061,0,3849,61087,0,2639,36379,0,6191,93115,0,11215,178768,0,7292,120354,0,2766,43431,0,1873,38571,0,2782,45521,0,533,8123,0,2500,6,50653,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,30,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","74TH STREET",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,4001,11849,37330,7337,16422,1428,4042,7539,1190,6302,7774,1190,11192,14181,1190,8567,12004,1190,7521,9483,1190,3846,5472,1365,3937,4892,1428,-949,0,1429,3253,6242,1429,3602,5677,1429,2504,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,30,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","74TH STREET",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,-13,0,1690,-11,0,2143,-12,0,2083,-12,0,1952,-3,12,1881,-12,0,1762,-12,24,1738,-13,0,1747,-12,0,1548,-12,0,1524,-12,0,1595,-12,0,2202,2504,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,40,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","WATERSIDE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,3119,5797,0,25178,41438,0,1003,1798,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,146,266,0,2502,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,40,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","WATERSIDE",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,59934,697096,0,47441,490868,0,53623,603408,0,39082,449151,0,37250,448243,0,36423,288224,0,55999,633276,0,55829,627391,0,38346,480259,0,35286,396996,0,48220,540897,0,63071,723341,0,2502,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,40,50,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","OIL STORAGE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2766499,0,0,2324286,0,0,2545579,0,0,2254272,0,0,1899927,0,0,1649376,0,0,1484314,0,0,1332860,0,0,1420463,0,0,1532278,0,0,1814997,0,0,1473629,8801,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,60,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","OIL STORAGE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,204071,0,0,265070,0,0,259969,0,0,242953,0,0,247234,0,0,245330,0,0,259288,0,0,251578,0,0,241219,0,0,257945,0,0,250930,0,0,243796,8802,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,40,65,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","BUCHANAN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,55,213,3746,295,599,4326,12,22,4481,20,42,4440,199,586,4211,634,1857,4497,979,2573,4452,907,2783,4475,35,172,4303,63,247,4282,398,1093,4230,56,191,4039,4233,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,1,,49,5,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","DEXTER",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,2082,0,0,1260,0,0,2412,0,0,1860,0,0,1134,0,0,690,0,0,834,0,0,558,0,0,666,0,0,1998,0,0,2619,0,0,1908,0,0,2505,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,10,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","PYRITES #1",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,228,0,0,53,0,0,337,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2506,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,12,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","PYRITES #2",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,2658,0,0,1453,0,0,3335,0,0,2856,0,0,2370,0,0,1044,0,0,630,0,0,678,0,0,606,0,0,2458,0,0,3186,0,0,2166,0,0,7031,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,15,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","HAILESBORO",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,1037,0,0,706,0,0,1087,0,0,1097,0,0,854,0,0,509,0,0,415,0,0,624,0,0,389,0,0,982,0,0,1159,0,0,780,0,0,6573,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,20,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","FOWLER",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,426,0,0,394,0,0,515,0,0,491,0,0,515,0,0,316,0,0,245,0,0,349,0,0,250,0,0,398,0,0,507,0,0,434,0,0,6572,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,25,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","#6 MILL",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,471,0,0,407,0,0,463,0,0,491,0,0,394,0,0,231,0,0,201,0,0,313,0,0,208,0,0,384,0,0,494,0,0,499,0,0,453,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,50,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","COPENHAGEN",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,1176,0,0,560,0,0,1460,0,0,1532,0,0,460,0,0,108,0,0,360,0,0,112,0,0,312,0,0,1396,0,0,1884,0,0,924,0,0,742,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,55,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","DIAMOND IS",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,665,0,0,468,0,0,733,0,0,702,0,0,504,0,0,251,0,0,228,0,0,190,0,0,239,0,0,583,0,0,773,0,0,616,0,0,2553,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,60,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","THERESA",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,752,0,0,606,0,0,800,0,0,836,0,0,556,0,0,150,0,0,78,0,0,202,0,0,34,0,0,710,0,0,842,0,0,794,0,0,2618,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,70,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","#3 MILL",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,456,0,0,350,0,0,485,0,0,483,0,0,398,0,0,240,0,0,157,0,0,294,0,0,180,0,0,283,0,0,456,0,0,346,0,0,743,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,75,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","GOODYEAR LK",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,640,0,0,400,0,0,757,0,0,542,0,0,315,0,0,166,0,0,49,0,0,25,0,0,19,0,0,171,0,0,575,0,0,550,0,0,7358,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,3,2,59,1,"FISHERS IS ELEC CORP (THE","FISHERS ISL",0,"LIGHT OIL",6369,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6575,6,50989,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,87,1,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","W BABYLON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-9,0,10978,184,398,10580,-10,0,10580,-8,0,10580,-10,0,10580,-10,0,10580,1589,3799,6781,1012,2525,9994,-8,0,9994,23,63,9931,12,52,9878,-6,0,9878,2521,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,189,351,31,0,0,31,0,0,0,0,0,0,2511,6,51685,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,7679,13204,183912,19277,32691,151221,6888,12026,167809,7622,13054,154755,21364,35883,118872,5001,8521,110351,0,0,100351,0,0,150055,0,0,176621,0,0,176621,4499,7876,168745,30931,52133,130983,2511,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,88641,923891,0,72376,743992,0,119516,1265049,0,108791,1129535,0,161464,1644681,0,176300,1817157,0,201713,2124759,0,207176,2182914,0,194067,2023621,0,176719,1855067,0,152642,1622397,0,111293,1143313,0,2511,6,51685,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,89,272,21050,2511,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,2584,48858,0,2455,39578,0,396,9580,0,7540,115964,0,15423,241318,0,13024,203027,0,13183,202506,0,13611,214090,0,2215,41056,0,3367,60239,0,3070,49795,0,1324,23100,0,2511,6,51685,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,87,5,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","FAR ROCKWAY",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,2513,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,87,5,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","FAR ROCKWAY",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,35652,370173,0,-382,0,0,37901,413154,0,47344,499677,0,39814,418408,0,43785,454694,0,44918,522402,0,46370,490439,0,46043,485717,0,32114,356625,0,40424,437203,0,48243,507731,0,2513,6,51685,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,87,15,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","GLENWOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2514,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,87,15,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","GLENWOOD",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,57152,656357,0,88875,989013,0,43090,513102,0,64609,758501,0,65972,764067,0,85437,987225,0,91585,1053103,0,91614,1044546,0,87436,984844,0,70615,831640,0,65930,771090,0,72860,814525,0,2514,6,51685,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,87,15,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","GLENWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-13,0,28987,348,833,28155,-2,113,28042,-10,0,28042,-15,0,28042,308,112,27929,1020,3353,24576,1330,3635,20941,-16,0,20941,52,122,20819,-18,0,20787,-15,0,20787,2514,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,3,2,87,17,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E HAMPTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-6,0,971,33,69,902,-4,4,898,-6,0,898,-1,8,890,2,12,878,464,935,369,527,862,816,51,112,705,-6,0,705,-1,4,915,0,3,911,2512,6,51685,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,87,17,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E HAMPTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-17,0,2876,-11,17,2859,-15,0,2859,-9,0,2859,-4,25,2834,34,116,2718,2330,5851,265,2246,5851,2259,76,212,2471,-10,0,2471,27,113,2789,-12,0,2789,2512,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,87,18,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","SOUTHOLD",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-8,0,2716,-15,0,2716,-15,0,2716,-11,0,2716,-9,0,2716,14,79,2637,79,316,2534,39,174,2784,-8,0,2784,-8,0,2784,33,160,2624,-15,0,2624,2520,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,87,21,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","NORTHPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,393,703,2446,1919,3360,10568,787,1448,10918,244,438,10694,0,0,10694,1255,2346,10708,543,987,10787,859,1604,10653,1224,1286,10857,0,0,11070,42,78,10992,866,1558,10948,2516,6,51685,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,87,21,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","NORTHPORT",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,251839,410183,917940,419721,669714,545119,137170,230153,627264,93546,156459,751601,4614,7948,743653,138528,235371,730114,232571,387065,831393,198326,339587,780654,65679,111985,948390,0,0,1048629,13006,22156,1026473,263245,435054,787488,2516,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,87,21,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","NORTHPORT",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,161173,1656185,0,109357,1099738,0,179917,1902183,0,179876,1858552,0,249772,2620522,0,277680,2980882,0,392501,4094975,0,395601,4243388,0,332956,3533654,0,339896,3613412,0,310631,3313635,0,259449,2673147,0,2516,6,51685,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,87,21,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","NORTHPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-16,0,2030,-16,0,2030,11,87,1943,-13,0,1943,-12,0,1943,-8,15,1928,10,25,1904,24,175,1729,-2,17,1712,-7,0,0,-15,0,1290,-10,0,1506,2516,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,3,2,87,23,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","SHOREHAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2518,6,51685,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,87,23,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","SHOREHAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-4,0,10375,81,259,11414,11,38,11377,-7,0,11377,340,528,10848,91,128,10720,441,1417,9303,551,846,15679,5,41,15638,18,32,15605,-4,0,15605,-7,3,15602,2518,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,87,24,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","P JEFFERSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,505,940,248,368,651,173,451,865,267,430,769,71,340,624,210,273,507,271,308,573,265,205,379,265,120,230,224,260,511,310,181,337,162,173,317,229,2517,6,51685,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,87,24,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","P JEFFERSON",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,83231,142447,374658,116002,187180,292517,84682,149701,363973,88134,146337,217636,86246,147673,240914,86540,147162,367784,119762,202643,388397,116504,197519,283029,62653,110443,267311,37059,67418,404544,57551,98596,305948,73017,122780,291514,2517,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,87,24,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","P JEFFERSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,14,70,2055,36,150,1905,-16,0,1905,-11,0,1905,30,100,1805,15,79,1726,94,282,1444,49,175,2118,-8,0,2118,2,49,2069,-12,0,2069,-14,0,2069,2517,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,87,26,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","SOUTHAMPTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-16,0,2575,22,137,2438,-17,0,2438,-9,0,2438,-4,9,2430,36,153,2277,200,649,2266,170,698,2628,-11,0,2628,-8,0,2628,-2,0,2628,-18,0,2628,2519,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,3,2,87,29,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","MONTAUK",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-6,0,685,34,66,619,-6,0,619,-6,0,619,0,0,619,2,46,572,274,574,424,184,319,529,57,109,420,-6,0,420,0,23,611,-6,0,611,2515,6,51685,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,87,30,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","HOLTSVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,3418,7966,65483,2730,6945,98989,1349,3183,95807,3573,8991,86815,1220,3009,83806,4957,12317,71489,13538,28073,71475,15481,41712,89159,785,2396,86763,-94,234,86529,427,1487,85042,2296,5778,79264,8007,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,87,35,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","BROOKHAVEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,2290,4982,38416,2652,6010,38901,226,279,38622,3165,6704,37310,6210,13571,28376,6235,12488,40846,9816,21210,30472,9736,19194,39142,-52,0,39142,113,688,40071,528,1470,40751,2660,5996,37572,7146,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,1,,100,1,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","CADYVILLE",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,2289,0,0,1760,0,0,2697,0,0,2249,0,0,2033,0,0,1277,0,0,1043,0,0,1271,0,0,873,0,0,1835,0,0,2411,0,0,1256,0,0,2522,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,3,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MILL 'C'",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,1082,0,0,1120,0,0,1325,0,0,1217,0,0,1424,0,0,918,2,0,782,0,0,1153,0,0,591,0,0,1982,0,0,2696,0,0,728,0,0,6486,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,8,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","HIGH FALLS",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,8036,0,0,6467,0,0,9348,0,0,7548,0,0,6945,0,0,4111,0,0,3127,0,0,4402,0,0,2270,0,0,1885,0,0,8998,0,0,6023,0,0,2530,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,9,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","KENT FALLS",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,4267,0,0,3614,0,0,5729,0,0,4500,0,0,4403,0,0,2459,0,0,1821,0,0,2011,0,0,1112,0,0,2429,0,0,0,0,0,2462,0,0,2532,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,11,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","KEUKA",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,479,0,0,618,0,0,1104,0,0,424,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,246,0,0,368,0,0,87,0,0,2533,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,18,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","RAINBOW FLS",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,844,0,0,484,0,0,1136,0,0,1424,0,0,2008,0,0,1044,0,0,972,0,0,828,0,0,572,0,0,920,0,0,1432,0,0,800,0,0,6526,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,20,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","SENECA FLS",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,929,0,0,0,0,0,237,0,0,418,0,0,57,0,0,12,0,0,35,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,144,0,0,1097,0,0,1515,0,0,6525,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,26,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","WATERLOO",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,218,0,0,0,0,0,91,0,0,167,0,0,47,0,0,38,0,0,63,0,0,15,0,0,0,0,0,28,0,0,273,0,0,435,0,0,2538,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,100,28,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","GOUDEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,4,6,902,7,12,922,38,860,816,166,1093,889,115,412,787,23,40,755,14,25,726,19,34,1012,88,159,674,17,29,652,15,27,781,57,99,755,2526,6,52036,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,28,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","GOUDEY",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,49140,18404,38386,47957,17309,33487,38535,14154,31196,29944,11570,19706,47570,19243,17396,46082,17833,16951,48114,18609,8401,48907,19270,14458,47509,18547,11816,46734,17563,21803,47743,17962,29205,49938,18814,16951,2526,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,2,100,30,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","GREENIDGE",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,49,84,1482,143,249,1673,49,85,1663,69,118,1503,97,194,1276,101,268,963,140,255,1024,312,565,929,134,232,1184,28,65,1082,27,47,1003,135,254,963,2527,6,52036,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,30,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","GREENIDGE",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,59064,22369,46139,64896,24628,34337,56536,21560,33567,61588,23327,27754,60141,23147,16512,44718,17812,44179,56844,23346,35975,63282,25535,39483,33115,12718,51031,52461,19935,48906,51733,19814,48981,79778,32545,44179,2527,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,32,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","HICKLING",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,29937,25353,59845,37278,28317,42388,31428,24287,26231,36848,29367,9739,25540,20965,7417,26619,21486,11619,19927,15033,13417,19292,17747,12211,16109,14260,19398,15799,13125,25995,15584,11444,38506,16518,14020,11619,2529,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,"B",100,34,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","JENNISON",0,"WOOD CHIP",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,1937,0,0,2506,0,0,1706,0,0,446,0,0,510,0,0,631,0,0,0,0,0,966,0,0,1443,0,0,1357,0,0,215,0,0,517,0,0,2531,6,52036,"WOD","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,34,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","JENNISON",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,18813,12027,31771,27918,18374,13300,18598,13682,9272,12405,9568,1166,10568,8258,1035,8066,6810,737,10639,7167,2889,9803,7780,5121,7664,6371,9926,7104,5362,9933,11173,7198,8195,18436,12369,737,2531,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,2,100,35,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MILLIKEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,206,337,1812,188,320,1856,273,465,1873,142,244,1879,53,94,1978,249,452,1841,116,209,1815,158,288,1863,211,385,1831,258,462,1670,59,105,1738,26,47,1841,2535,6,52036,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,35,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MILLIKEN",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,192258,68792,79141,180255,67185,80127,183681,68408,89806,153861,58397,69230,98273,37927,98714,132074,52498,118633,185234,73165,90889,184163,73756,101056,131693,53020,97110,185372,73940,102961,167135,65625,99048,191784,76075,118633,2535,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,100,35,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MILLIKEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,0,20,38,0,3,84,0,104,107,0,54,144,0,1,38,0,-64,39,0,10,20,0,0,1,0,12,39,0,11,44,0,17,32,0,2535,6,52036,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,3,2,100,40,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","HARRIS LAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,-11,0,405,0,0,349,0,0,0,-4,0,313,0,0,260,0,0,242,64,122,269,12,25,244,2,0,436,0,0,357,0,0,290,-13,0,242,2528,6,52036,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,1,,100,43,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MECHANICVLE",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,9072,0,0,6867,0,0,9702,0,0,6867,0,0,4347,0,0,2961,0,0,1134,0,0,2331,0,0,1953,0,0,5670,0,0,12663,0,0,8946,0,0,625,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,100,50,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","KINTIGH",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,219,378,4169,770,1322,2904,474,811,3335,953,1656,3113,165,283,2839,314,543,2288,879,1523,3426,394,685,2738,627,1087,4124,1183,2162,2118,626,1094,4657,509,873,2288,6082,6,52036,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,50,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","KINTIGH",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,429496,166336,132032,393694,148405,142690,419527,160683,178911,416807,160659,178855,418612,159916,174957,381565,146069,162034,348178,133246,124345,413546,158604,73112,376458,141570,75380,181079,73253,130474,363691,142233,133771,423315,159637,162034,6082,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,1,105,1,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NINE MILE P",0,"NUCLEAR",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,368414,0,0,58742,0,0,0,0,0,332154,0,0,459193,0,0,439571,0,0,434942,0,0,437261,0,0,420930,0,0,452099,0,0,441551,0,0,459844,0,0,2589,6,52053,"UR","ST" 21,36,1,2,1,105,2,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NINE MILE P",0,"NUCLEAR",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,694823,0,0,533574,0,0,742888,0,0,149501,0,0,0,0,0,575400,0,0,821880,0,0,766368,0,0,443850,0,0,845303,0,0,824493,0,0,841323,0,0,2589,6,52053,"UR","ST" 21,36,1,1,,105,5,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALLENS FLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2087,0,0,1758,0,0,2479,0,0,2662,0,0,2344,0,0,1289,0,0,1268,0,0,1240,0,0,1099,0,0,2308,0,0,2305,0,0,2092,0,0,2540,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,10,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BALDWINSVLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,205,0,0,112,0,0,221,0,0,171,0,0,60,0,0,7,0,0,-3,0,0,16,0,0,1,0,0,57,0,0,217,0,0,140,0,0,2542,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,15,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BELFORT",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,861,0,0,751,0,0,805,0,0,464,0,0,550,0,0,561,0,0,714,0,0,764,0,0,730,0,0,557,0,0,1171,0,0,1354,0,0,2544,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,20,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BENNETTS B",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10231,0,0,5759,0,0,9838,0,0,5346,0,0,4404,0,0,1938,0,0,-33,0,0,313,0,0,5443,0,0,9001,0,0,13335,0,0,6313,0,0,2545,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,25,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BLACK RIVER",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3477,0,0,2422,0,0,3823,0,0,3907,0,0,2562,0,0,1270,0,0,1501,0,0,948,0,0,1559,0,0,3563,0,0,4456,0,0,3477,0,0,2546,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,30,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BLAKE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,6604,0,0,6486,0,0,5072,0,0,2962,0,0,3721,0,0,3715,0,0,672,0,0,2828,0,0,1682,0,0,3534,0,0,9144,0,0,6300,0,0,2547,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,35,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BROWNS FLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,6785,0,0,3738,0,0,4510,0,0,1724,0,0,1746,0,0,1866,0,0,545,0,0,2901,0,0,1160,0,0,4896,0,0,7492,0,0,3767,0,0,2548,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,40,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","CHASM",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1902,0,0,1138,0,0,1426,0,0,1777,0,0,1751,0,0,1323,0,0,994,0,0,1236,0,0,1014,0,0,1752,0,0,1795,0,0,1489,0,0,2550,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,45,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","COLTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,20600,0,0,18761,0,0,20043,0,0,13701,0,0,15937,0,0,15548,0,0,9456,0,0,14510,0,0,7469,0,0,15049,0,0,2073,0,0,19935,0,0,2551,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,50,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","DEFERIET",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,4478,0,0,3495,0,0,5869,0,0,5234,0,0,3642,0,0,1740,0,0,1638,0,0,1204,0,0,1248,0,0,5355,0,0,7027,0,0,4656,0,0,2552,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,65,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EAGLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2653,0,0,2021,0,0,2505,0,0,1200,0,0,1421,0,0,1737,0,0,2331,0,0,1979,0,0,2045,0,0,1398,0,0,3203,0,0,3777,0,0,2555,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,70,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EEL WEIR",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,866,0,0,622,0,0,964,0,0,803,0,0,524,0,0,203,0,0,115,0,0,125,0,0,7,0,0,655,0,0,1332,0,0,994,0,0,2556,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,75,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EFFLEY",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1093,0,0,986,0,0,1153,0,0,580,0,0,694,0,0,845,0,0,905,0,0,982,0,0,900,0,0,740,0,0,1558,0,0,1767,0,0,2557,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,80,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ELMER",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,812,0,0,575,0,0,796,0,0,380,0,0,439,0,0,552,0,0,441,0,0,640,0,0,593,0,0,496,0,0,1010,0,0,1135,0,0,2559,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,85,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ET NORFOLK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2479,0,0,1995,0,0,2559,0,0,1703,0,0,1975,0,0,1859,0,0,1059,0,0,1731,0,0,851,0,0,1883,0,0,2471,0,0,2519,0,0,2561,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,90,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FIVE FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10795,0,0,10405,0,0,8347,0,0,4782,0,0,5926,0,0,5896,0,0,3396,0,0,5619,0,0,2631,0,0,5807,0,0,14654,0,0,10198,0,0,2562,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,95,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FLAT ROCK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1503,0,0,871,0,0,1489,0,0,592,0,0,450,0,0,401,0,0,136,0,0,528,0,0,169,0,0,1414,0,0,1912,0,0,876,0,0,2563,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,98,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FRANKLIN F",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,775,0,0,767,0,0,1052,0,0,613,0,0,385,0,0,496,0,0,336,0,0,352,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,2564,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,100,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FULTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,464,0,0,333,0,0,608,0,0,437,0,0,459,0,0,300,0,0,406,0,0,363,0,0,304,0,0,474,0,0,653,0,0,625,0,0,2566,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,105,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","GRANBY",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,5845,0,0,3502,0,0,6558,0,0,1324,0,0,640,0,0,477,0,0,-38,0,0,491,0,0,-42,0,0,3025,0,0,5404,0,0,5157,0,0,2569,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,110,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HANNAWA",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,5253,0,0,4772,0,0,5248,0,0,3332,0,0,4051,0,0,3941,0,0,2329,0,0,3797,0,0,1747,0,0,1086,0,0,2696,0,0,5321,0,0,2571,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,115,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HERRINGS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1980,0,0,1586,0,0,2151,0,0,2116,0,0,1509,0,0,629,0,0,705,0,0,371,0,0,337,0,0,1747,0,0,2341,0,0,2187,0,0,2572,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,120,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HEUVELTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,458,0,0,468,0,0,484,0,0,556,0,0,455,0,0,254,0,0,195,0,0,277,0,0,149,0,0,433,0,0,506,0,0,588,0,0,2573,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,125,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HIGH DAM 6",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,1863,0,0,2023,0,0,1494,0,0,922,0,0,725,0,0,989,0,0,179,0,0,2024,0,0,2607,0,0,3766,0,0,2574,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,126,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HIGH FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2622,0,0,1900,0,0,2648,0,0,1268,0,0,1439,0,0,1814,0,0,2106,0,0,1998,0,0,1847,0,0,1571,0,0,3045,0,0,3527,0,0,2575,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,130,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HIGLEY",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3414,0,0,2999,0,0,3075,0,0,1774,0,0,2177,0,0,2037,0,0,1416,0,0,2086,0,0,1120,0,0,2315,0,0,3556,0,0,3242,0,0,2576,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,135,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HOGANSBURG",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,98,0,0,143,0,0,192,0,0,192,0,0,148,0,0,129,0,0,87,0,0,146,0,0,79,0,0,113,0,0,186,0,0,218,0,0,2577,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,140,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","KAMARGO",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2374,0,0,1857,0,0,2750,0,0,2638,0,0,1924,0,0,960,0,0,1034,0,0,398,0,0,612,0,0,2497,0,0,3433,0,0,1788,0,0,2581,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,145,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","LIGHTHOUSE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2431,0,0,1342,0,0,2514,0,0,1178,0,0,925,0,0,399,0,0,-14,0,0,-14,0,0,1080,0,0,1999,0,0,3282,0,0,1507,0,0,2582,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,155,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","MACOMB",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,434,0,0,398,0,0,641,0,0,569,0,0,481,0,0,319,0,0,-4,0,0,-4,0,0,132,0,0,534,0,0,627,0,0,520,0,0,2583,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,160,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","MINETTO",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3847,0,0,2604,0,0,4467,0,0,2022,0,0,1607,0,0,940,0,0,602,0,0,800,0,0,427,0,0,1690,0,0,4151,0,0,4554,0,0,2586,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,165,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","MOSHIER",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2698,0,0,2561,0,0,2447,0,0,1064,0,0,1751,0,0,2554,0,0,2993,0,0,2896,0,0,2791,0,0,736,0,0,3994,0,0,5506,0,0,2588,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,170,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NORFOLK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2391,0,0,2156,0,0,2979,0,0,1872,0,0,2207,0,0,2139,0,0,1223,0,0,2018,0,0,958,0,0,2054,0,0,3088,0,0,2630,0,0,2590,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,175,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NORWOOD",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1536,0,0,1408,0,0,1536,0,0,938,0,0,1146,0,0,1136,0,0,605,0,0,1104,0,0,480,0,0,1072,0,0,1232,0,0,1488,0,0,2591,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,180,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGATCHIE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2593,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,182,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO FL E",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2890,0,0,2449,0,0,2510,0,0,1688,0,0,1604,0,0,996,0,0,637,0,0,679,0,0,550,0,0,1991,0,0,2836,0,0,2816,0,0,2595,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,183,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO FL W",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1223,0,0,423,0,0,1212,0,0,176,0,0,-1,0,0,28,0,0,-2,0,0,47,0,0,14,0,0,385,0,0,730,0,0,1172,0,0,2596,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,185,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","PARISHVILLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,690,0,0,1562,0,0,1603,0,0,1516,0,0,848,0,0,849,0,0,763,0,0,749,0,0,1395,0,0,1488,0,0,1298,0,0,2597,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,187,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","PIERCEFIELD",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1488,0,0,1283,0,0,1529,0,0,1482,0,0,1341,0,0,627,0,0,429,0,0,881,0,0,370,0,0,1195,0,0,1783,0,0,1527,0,0,2598,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,192,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","PROSPECT",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1704,0,0,0,0,0,4257,0,0,5788,0,0,3672,0,0,2881,0,0,2386,0,0,1689,0,0,184,0,0,6691,0,0,11309,0,0,6904,0,0,2599,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,195,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","RAINBOW",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10771,0,0,10270,0,0,8298,0,0,4779,0,0,5959,0,0,5843,0,0,3452,0,0,5583,0,0,2641,0,0,5774,0,0,14120,0,0,9950,0,0,2600,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,200,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","RAYMONDVLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,932,0,0,816,0,0,1452,0,0,926,0,0,670,0,0,1102,0,0,674,0,0,1036,0,0,530,0,0,1056,0,0,1404,0,0,1120,0,0,2601,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,210,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","S EDWARDS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1404,0,0,1076,0,0,1387,0,0,973,0,0,1018,0,0,736,0,0,427,0,0,1020,0,0,558,0,0,1359,0,0,1919,0,0,1392,0,0,2604,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,215,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SEWALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1372,0,0,889,0,0,1518,0,0,1486,0,0,1205,0,0,544,0,0,246,0,0,320,0,0,319,0,0,1211,0,0,1489,0,0,1514,0,0,2608,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,220,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SOFT MAPLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2633,0,0,1616,0,0,2359,0,0,882,0,0,1236,0,0,1714,0,0,2341,0,0,1918,0,0,1850,0,0,1760,0,0,3432,0,0,4125,0,0,2610,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,225,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SOTH COLTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,8860,0,0,8292,0,0,6906,0,0,3510,0,0,4607,0,0,4842,0,0,2861,0,0,4595,0,0,2211,0,0,4731,0,0,12247,0,0,8305,0,0,2611,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,230,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","STARK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10035,0,0,10162,0,0,7531,0,0,4401,0,0,5629,0,0,5788,0,0,3281,0,0,5363,0,0,2475,0,0,5187,0,0,14852,0,0,9960,0,0,2613,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,235,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SUGAR IS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2908,0,0,2519,0,0,2995,0,0,2818,0,0,2884,0,0,2757,0,0,1893,0,0,2754,0,0,1376,0,0,2667,0,0,2781,0,0,2983,0,0,2616,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,240,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","TAYLORVILLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2219,0,0,1663,0,0,2176,0,0,1051,0,0,1247,0,0,1560,0,0,1566,0,0,1692,0,0,1630,0,0,1392,0,0,2700,0,0,3109,0,0,2617,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,250,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","TRENTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,12363,0,0,10763,0,0,12685,0,0,10309,0,0,6711,0,0,6004,0,0,5262,0,0,4565,0,0,3995,0,0,8295,0,0,14603,0,0,11617,0,0,2619,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,255,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","VARICK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3510,0,0,2348,0,0,3552,0,0,1467,0,0,836,0,0,546,0,0,363,0,0,629,0,0,211,0,0,2344,0,0,3490,0,0,3553,0,0,2621,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,265,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","YALEVILLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,293,0,0,255,0,0,406,0,0,320,0,0,373,0,0,341,0,0,243,0,0,407,0,0,242,0,0,346,0,0,275,0,0,248,0,0,2624,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,3,2,105,270,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NINE MILE P",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,6,136,4435,3,121,4470,11,87,4380,0,100,4256,13,323,4316,10,36,4349,6,164,4288,7,218,4320,6,11,535,6,12,573,6,13,557,6,12,543,2589,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,2,3,105,275,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO",0,"HEAVY OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,632933,120407,215553,417380,0,0,417380,26504,46741,370639,0,0,370639,1371,4130,366508,44092,30232,330715,13690,33269,298197,9883,21973,276183,0,0,276183,0,0,542213,0,0,542213,2594,6,52053,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,105,275,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO",0,"NAT GAS",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,999,22854,0,10635,117884,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,108,461,0,38513,570000,0,15497,213000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2594,6,52053,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,105,275,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,4,11,2138,0,0,2138,0,0,2138,0,0,2138,2594,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,1,,105,285,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BEARDSLEE F",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,5266,0,0,1946,0,0,6556,0,0,4417,0,0,2463,0,0,1946,0,0,895,0,0,759,0,0,741,0,0,5400,0,0,6369,0,0,2631,0,0,2543,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,290,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BAKER FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,"R",190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2541,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,300,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EL J WEST",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,5989,0,0,5250,0,0,1580,0,0,972,0,0,1241,0,0,3218,0,0,3059,0,0,2326,0,0,4257,0,0,1425,0,0,10684,0,0,8834,0,0,6527,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,305,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EPHRATAH",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2045,0,0,902,0,0,1493,0,0,780,0,0,337,0,0,463,0,0,97,0,0,147,0,0,127,0,0,1599,0,0,1298,0,0,1198,0,0,2560,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,315,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","GLEN FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2567,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,317,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","GREEN ISL",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3672,0,0,3067,0,0,3470,0,0,3478,0,0,2678,0,0,2110,0,0,1303,0,0,1440,0,0,1476,0,0,2837,0,0,2513,0,0,3722,0,0,6528,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,320,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","INGHAMS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2951,0,0,1446,0,0,3570,0,0,3006,0,0,1806,0,0,1403,0,0,605,0,0,518,0,0,480,0,0,2716,0,0,3695,0,0,1829,0,0,2579,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,325,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","JOHNSONVLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,783,0,0,709,0,0,698,0,0,730,0,0,706,0,0,415,0,0,84,0,0,196,0,0,71,0,0,754,0,0,1347,0,0,777,0,0,2580,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,340,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","MOREAU",0,,13573,"0M",1294,"R",190,95,0,0,0,2501,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2587,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,350,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SCH ST COHS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,17365,0,0,13801,0,0,18549,0,0,16246,0,0,8330,0,0,6836,0,0,4087,0,0,3410,0,0,3303,0,0,14028,0,0,23804,0,0,15352,0,0,2605,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,355,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SCHAGHTICKE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,6959,0,0,4628,0,0,1779,0,0,7008,0,0,3998,0,0,2703,0,0,925,0,0,1694,0,0,513,0,0,4157,0,0,7065,0,0,4122,0,0,2606,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,360,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SCHUYLERVLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,766,0,0,454,0,0,951,0,0,408,0,0,291,0,0,185,0,0,26,0,0,77,0,0,-5,0,0,527,0,0,1089,0,0,771,0,0,2607,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,365,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SHERMAN",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,14937,0,0,11480,0,0,11483,0,0,9158,0,0,6495,0,0,5892,0,0,5453,0,0,6179,0,0,6999,0,0,9121,0,0,7996,0,0,9198,0,0,2609,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,370,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SPIER FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,22054,0,0,16130,0,0,18521,0,0,13202,0,0,8844,0,0,7373,0,0,6467,0,0,7246,0,0,8844,0,0,15741,0,0,12177,0,0,20353,0,0,2612,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,380,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","STEWARTS BR",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10770,0,0,11203,0,0,3959,0,0,1818,0,0,5172,0,0,2348,0,0,5366,0,0,4271,0,0,7737,0,0,2666,0,0,19084,0,0,17328,0,0,2614,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,385,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","STUYVESANT",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2615,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,201,0,0,201,0,0,195,0,0,192,0,0,189,0,0,185,2539,6,52053,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"HEAVY OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,58267,97691,332532,62750,94595,237938,5641,8097,184840,0,0,184840,0,0,184840,1711,4230,180610,0,0,180610,0,0,180610,0,0,180610,0,0,180610,18591,30657,149952,25930,42050,107902,2539,6,52053,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"NAT GAS",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,57789,665226,0,58253,669709,0,144263,1550322,0,53054,571524,0,31237,333909,0,47841,524896,0,130139,1434248,0,147338,1604315,0,50979,541649,0,49257,521886,0,6001,121469,0,5994,104410,0,2539,6,52053,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2539,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2539,6,52053,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"NAT GAS",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2539,6,52053,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,1,,105,420,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","GLENWOOD",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,584,0,0,584,0,0,712,0,0,35,0,0,602,0,0,501,0,0,510,0,0,499,0,0,459,0,0,493,0,0,412,0,0,213,0,0,2568,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,425,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HYDRAULIC R",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,247,0,0,1980,0,0,1737,0,0,1757,0,0,1761,0,0,1655,0,0,1715,0,0,209,0,0,0,0,0,2578,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,440,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","WATERPORT",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1372,0,0,1372,0,0,1447,0,0,69,0,0,924,0,0,779,0,0,723,0,0,727,0,0,684,0,0,922,0,0,936,0,0,428,0,0,2623,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,105,445,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","DUNKIRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1601,2790,0,653,1081,0,675,1178,0,599,1017,0,1403,2417,0,539,896,0,638,1090,0,1031,1725,0,723,1216,0,997,1731,0,914,1625,0,396,651,0,2554,6,52053,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,105,445,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","DUNKIRK",0,"BIT COAL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,254022,99455,112963,311173,114689,97723,298538,114582,80138,317020,119632,52831,259603,99967,52456,255038,95545,74556,311521,120965,80149,307244,117398,77577,307482,116339,76599,257442,99939,138351,253614,100750,153571,354614,131876,151153,2554,6,52053,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,105,445,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","DUNKIRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,1079,0,0,1334,0,0,1300,0,0,1323,0,0,635,0,0,1174,0,0,1343,0,0,1234,0,0,1317,0,0,1090,0,0,1325,0,0,1484,2554,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,2,2,105,450,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","C R HUNTLEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,681,1256,1160,349,688,1247,690,1294,1076,1705,3207,1221,704,1326,1175,1004,1818,1727,1072,1981,1452,554,1037,1301,324,570,1193,1215,2237,1180,832,1567,1213,253,461,1135,2549,6,52053,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,105,450,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","C R HUNTLEY",0,"BIT COAL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,272246,110975,103175,276497,121255,106086,220640,91915,179212,270614,112094,162277,265384,109603,157439,267756,107734,190733,286378,118727,131748,337035,139658,120591,316597,122391,136393,245260,100618,129570,236599,99435,197282,339259,137453,168549,2549,6,52053,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,105,450,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","C R HUNTLEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2549,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,1,,105,460,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OAK ORCHARD",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,178,0,0,186,0,0,185,0,0,187,0,0,174,0,0,176,0,0,46,0,0,0,0,0,2592,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,465,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BEEBEE IS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3633,0,0,2768,0,0,5208,0,0,4383,0,0,3010,0,0,1959,0,0,2292,0,0,1754,0,0,2115,0,0,4754,0,0,5881,0,0,3959,0,0,6434,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,470,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FEEDER DAM",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3058,0,0,0,0,0,2491,0,0,1680,0,0,1085,0,0,869,0,0,595,0,0,648,0,0,1046,0,0,1795,0,0,3058,0,0,2885,0,0,2666,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,3,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","GRAHAMSVILE",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,7995,0,0,10213,0,0,10828,0,0,5471,0,0,3765,0,0,6843,0,0,11715,0,0,11385,0,0,6049,0,0,6915,0,0,5017,0,0,7158,0,0,2627,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,5,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","MONGAUP FLS",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,1849,0,0,830,0,0,1994,0,0,1152,0,0,218,0,0,502,0,0,749,0,0,605,0,0,91,0,0,475,0,0,1859,0,0,1637,0,0,2630,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,10,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","RIO",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,4380,0,0,1792,0,0,4911,0,0,2578,0,0,759,0,0,986,0,0,1125,0,0,978,0,0,116,0,0,1041,0,0,4467,0,0,3352,0,0,2631,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,15,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","SWING BR 1",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,1041,0,0,442,0,0,1445,0,0,608,0,0,266,0,0,374,0,0,391,0,0,409,0,0,76,0,0,299,0,0,1316,0,0,873,0,0,2633,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,20,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","SWING BR 2",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,687,0,0,340,0,0,661,0,0,428,0,0,16,0,0,-84,0,0,164,0,0,42,0,0,-68,0,0,68,0,0,889,0,0,593,0,0,2634,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,3,115,25,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","BOWLINE PT",0,"HEAVY OIL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,43906,73730,656595,138605,222519,509921,36874,60431,690856,47123,77864,612992,171664,281797,399693,132603,218077,395393,121658,204130,412273,93622,159538,457749,16475,28676,564249,22772,39554,562775,23802,41159,590697,87447,145316,516559,2625,6,52181,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,115,25,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","BOWLINE PT",0,"NAT GAS",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,168974,1723560,0,82272,1239913,0,246716,2463200,0,218627,2199380,0,99656,966090,0,197607,1984380,0,277722,2939140,0,259468,2692570,0,188365,2000250,0,195838,2071510,0,142378,1499610,0,41983,424600,0,2625,6,52181,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,115,30,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","LOVETT",0,"HEAVY OIL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,8,15,100319,1955,3363,96956,1,1,96927,0,0,96968,162,289,96714,7,13,96701,10,18,96682,5,10,96706,6,11,96717,0,0,96732,0,0,96732,5,10,96723,2629,6,52181,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,115,30,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","LOVETT",0,"BIT COAL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,111799,49067,63359,155251,65603,75519,116513,50062,70545,69873,29960,67950,67316,29174,75567,80224,36666,84715,138923,58882,82515,118307,52178,76055,140703,61690,59229,113469,49704,60388,125569,51656,62679,132749,58514,56774,2629,6,52181,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,115,30,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","LOVETT",0,"NAT GAS",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,29773,323525,0,26698,280445,0,15824,169812,0,33214,357965,0,35392,384353,0,65900,754578,0,47901,513697,0,42001,470557,0,20369,222754,0,24743,268834,0,21096,220661,0,31665,346005,0,2629,6,52181,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,115,35,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","HILLBURN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4238,0,0,4238,0,0,4238,0,0,4238,0,9,4229,0,0,4229,52,164,4065,108,334,3731,0,0,3731,0,0,3731,0,0,3731,0,0,3731,2628,6,52181,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,115,35,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","HILLBURN",0,"NATURAL G",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,44,1217,0,0,0,0,37,1143,0,565,8996,0,-13,1208,0,256,5250,0,276,4745,0,945,15862,0,444,6906,0,-18,82,0,-27,456,0,24,430,0,2628,6,52181,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,115,40,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","SHOEMAKER",0,"LIGHT OIL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4599,73,30,4569,29,103,4466,-1,30,4485,1,2,4463,45,124,4068,0,0,4068,1,3,4065,0,0,4065,22,81,3984,84,247,3738,0,0,3738,2632,6,52181,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,115,40,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","SHOEMAKER",0,"NAT GAS",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,217,4023,0,342,7789,0,599,11559,0,-31,207,0,1856,30143,0,3256,49008,0,4402,75566,0,4597,74746,0,2492,42150,0,713,14586,0,45,456,0,53,1654,0,2632,6,52181,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,1,135,1,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","GINNA",0,"NUCLEAR",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,351805,0,0,321771,0,0,293087,0,0,-2750,0,0,299117,0,0,334397,0,0,342637,0,0,305248,0,0,336763,0,0,353447,0,0,342871,0,0,354889,0,0,6122,6,52501,"UR","ST" 21,36,1,1,,135,5,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","MILLS M 172",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,68,0,0,0,0,0,79,0,0,31,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2636,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,10,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","MT MORR 160",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,75,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,49,0,0,121,0,0,87,0,0,44,0,0,16,0,0,124,0,0,132,0,0,67,0,0,2637,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,15,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 2",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,3983,0,0,3890,0,0,4861,0,0,4119,0,0,4073,0,0,2681,0,0,1898,0,0,1483,0,0,708,0,0,3228,0,0,4230,0,0,3509,0,0,2639,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,25,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 5",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,18727,0,0,8869,0,0,21670,0,0,13445,0,0,7303,0,0,4173,0,0,5885,0,0,2422,0,0,1347,0,0,9730,0,0,15462,0,0,12738,0,0,2641,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,28,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","RCHESTER 26",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,596,0,0,1040,0,0,1215,0,0,1302,0,0,1083,0,0,420,0,0,405,0,0,282,0,0,135,0,0,726,0,0,1174,0,0,1054,0,0,2638,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,35,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","WISCOY 170",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,517,0,0,408,0,0,590,0,0,391,0,0,204,0,0,97,0,0,121,0,0,83,0,0,55,0,0,240,0,0,470,0,0,462,0,0,2646,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,135,45,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 3",0,"LIGHT OIL",16183,"0M",394,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,102,143,2305,77,143,2008,122,214,1718,91,167,1882,68,119,1700,27,58,1645,2640,6,52501,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,135,45,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 3",0,"HEAVY OIL",16183,"0M",1294,"R",,95,27,48,2860,14,24,2809,14,24,2745,14,24,2703,0,0,2703,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2640,6,52501,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,135,45,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 3",0,"BIT COAL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,36334,13900,770,42264,15300,1458,40715,15300,1556,45572,16900,817,17481,6500,1591,36715,14100,1438,41179,15700,936,37637,15017,1800,37010,13802,1800,27740,10832,1630,33466,12558,1431,34731,13210,1105,2640,6,52501,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,135,45,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 3",0,"LIGHT OIL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,26,81,0,4,27,0,13,41,0,3,18,0,0,0,0,6,34,0,4,6,0,46,154,0,25,76,0,8,26,0,13,63,0,1,7,0,2640,6,52501,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,135,50,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 7",0,"LIGHT OIL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,299,571,1111,90,167,1127,375,690,1162,173,310,1211,249,452,1299,566,1071,1121,331,643,1190,434,833,1065,37,71,1065,373,738,1065,345,643,958,311,571,1102,2642,6,52501,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,135,50,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 7",0,"BIT COAL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,66357,27700,114902,86515,35300,90431,90609,36600,83204,137634,53400,75835,121093,47500,85250,104898,43000,113923,112687,47700,112973,116634,48507,127749,110993,45157,153399,77990,33362,173353,81051,33064,173047,90029,35948,150667,2642,6,52501,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,135,60,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 9",0,"LIGHT OIL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2644,6,52501,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,135,60,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 9",0,"NAT GAS",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,26,383,0,2,74,0,14,216,0,4,174,0,0,0,0,8,290,0,17,280,0,3,89,0,24,381,0,0,0,0,3,98,0,8,143,0,2644,6,52501,"NG","GT" 21,36,5,3,2,578,5,"FREEPORT (VILLAGE OF)","PLANT NO 2",0,"LIGHT OIL",6775,"0M",1294,,,95,1463,3067,3172,1434,3271,2622,413,1557,2551,-162,121,3525,-118,217,5782,984,2264,6164,3712,7100,3595,3729,7301,5720,584,1625,6684,895,1423,5789,787,2037,3752,1869,3903,3213,2679,6,51057,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,4,2,578,5,"FREEPORT (VILLAGE OF)","PLANT NO 2",0,"LIGHT OIL",6775,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2,12,0,13,58,0,18,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2679,6,51057,"FO2","GT" 21,36,5,3,2,578,10,"FREEPORT (VILLAGE OF)","PLANT NO 1",0,"LIGHT OIL",6775,"0M",1294,,,95,182,658,1479,376,1032,1630,468,1254,1391,320,920,1697,251,803,1542,452,1093,1119,571,1281,1220,740,1757,1321,639,1551,1424,175,575,1295,402,1078,1704,465,1231,1436,2678,6,51057,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,1,,586,1,"GOUVERNEUR (CITY OF)","GOUVERNEUR",0,,7422,"0A",1294,,,95,46,0,0,92,0,0,47,0,0,50,0,0,50,0,0,38,0,0,13,0,0,45,0,0,29,0,0,20,0,0,26,0,0,41,0,0,2680,6,51137,"WAT","HY" 21,36,5,3,2,599,1,"GREENPORT (CITY OF)","GREENPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",7630,"0A",1294,,,95,-32,0,183,-32,0,183,-27,0,183,0,2,181,0,0,0,0,1,180,-20,0,180,-4,28,152,-10,14,182,-19,0,182,0,0,182,-1,26,181,2681,6,51177,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,2,2,624,1,"JAMESTOWN (CITY OF)","S A CARLSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",9645,"0M",1294,,,95,105,273,377,41,102,275,21,59,394,24,59,335,20,54,281,26,64,394,57,144,250,59,144,281,26,66,215,26,69,323,44,114,209,51,136,250,2682,6,51437,"FO2","ST" 21,36,5,2,6,624,1,"JAMESTOWN (CITY OF)","S A CARLSON",0,"BIT COAL",9645,"0M",1294,,,95,17974,10638,3526,17648,10013,3826,11794,7305,3597,9844,5439,3428,9879,6006,2629,11487,6255,2811,13511,7717,2530,13208,7291,3578,9538,5398,3370,10505,6096,2827,12704,7245,3946,16956,10165,3924,2682,6,51437,"BIT","ST" 21,36,5,3,2,675,1,"ROCKVILLE CTR(VILLAGE OF)","ROCKVILLE C",0,"LIGHT OIL",16217,"0M",1294,,,95,105,294,2332,321,741,2091,43,283,1808,-60,82,1726,-18,114,2338,244,637,2368,957,2138,1919,2160,4073,1884,560,1129,2277,20,216,2061,38,213,2151,101,381,1770,2695,6,52509,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,3,9,675,1,"ROCKVILLE CTR(VILLAGE OF)","ROCKVILLE C",0,"NAT GAS",16217,"0M",1294,,,95,642,7257,0,510,5912,0,15,471,0,0,325,0,-11,282,0,1931,20033,0,4455,46010,0,2523,26516,0,352,4031,0,47,1369,0,46,1025,0,450,5750,0,2695,6,52509,"NG","IC" 21,36,5,3,2,700,5,"SKANEATELES VILLAGE OF","SKANEATELES",0,"LIGHT OIL",17280,"0A",1294,"R",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2697,6,52670,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,1,,712,1,"SPRINGVILLE (CITY OF)","SPRINGVILLE",0,,17846,"0A",1294,,,95,145,0,0,118,0,0,104,0,0,166,0,0,172,0,0,129,0,0,84,0,0,63,0,0,12,0,0,39,0,0,110,0,0,124,0,0,2698,6,52772,"WAT","HY" 21,36,5,1,,725,1,"WATERTOWN (CITY OF)","WATERTOWN",0,,20188,"0A",1294,,,95,2508,0,0,1826,0,0,2861,0,0,2520,0,0,2042,0,0,715,0,0,684,0,0,252,0,0,458,0,0,1925,0,0,2671,0,0,2141,0,0,2700,6,53199,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,1,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","LEWISTON PG",0,"C-PUMPSTG",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,-23392,48481,0,-16321,48107,0,-18062,52914,0,-34170,75041,0,-32754,81523,0,-35246,84639,0,-35971,80543,0,-31970,78905,0,-33926,76500,0,-34404,82531,0,-25619,66689,0,-26848,63831,0,2692,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,2,1,668,1,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","FITZPATRICK",0,"NUCLEAR",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,34055,0,0,544665,0,0,562170,0,0,384520,0,0,579310,0,0,577530,0,0,402855,0,0,590100,0,0,572680,0,0,580835,0,0,6110,6,52375,"UR","ST" 21,36,9,1,,668,3,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","MOSES NIAG",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,1463973,0,0,1230590,0,0,1418230,0,0,1163933,0,0,1279083,0,0,1132981,0,0,1197133,0,0,1148436,0,0,1021706,0,0,1145560,0,0,1382957,0,0,1354956,0,0,2693,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,2,1,668,3,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","INDIAN PT 3",0,"NUCLEAR",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,17,0,0,434533,0,0,716433,0,0,320544,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-2,0,0,8907,6,52375,"UR","ST" 21,36,9,1,,668,5,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","MOSES PR DM",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,524759,0,0,481624,0,0,585412,0,0,549618,0,0,532348,0,0,526743,0,0,545520,0,0,559232,0,0,538635,0,0,554432,0,0,576778,0,0,569302,0,0,2694,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,8,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","BLENHEIM G",0,"P-PUMPSTG",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,-80117,223900,0,-66116,187582,0,-64757,198518,0,-71547,180530,0,-58305,185571,0,-61293,196731,0,-78558,215353,0,-75753,237341,0,-63547,183628,0,-66325,194141,0,-57795,177791,0,-70135,192222,0,2691,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,2,3,668,15,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","POLETTI",0,"HEAVY OIL",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,33400,61649,303226,126069,209523,203682,20403,35475,168236,17269,37577,130679,19806,35708,94972,47803,62254,32718,36004,60668,68293,14149,23707,150452,35247,61190,430389,17481,30727,459549,62862,110242,349307,252627,421942,245156,2491,6,52375,"FO6","ST" 21,36,9,2,9,668,15,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","POLETTI",0,"NAT GAS",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,99454,1128061,0,99940,1020449,0,202945,2167293,0,211435,2738075,0,258894,2862705,0,324525,2604689,0,262599,2721610,0,310920,3222176,0,205757,2168448,0,224611,2374781,0,128580,1368464,0,2466,25078,0,2491,6,52375,"NG","ST" 21,36,9,1,,668,20,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","ASHOKAN",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,1615,0,0,587,0,0,1045,0,0,2214,0,0,2450,0,0,2277,0,0,2117,0,0,2126,0,0,1756,0,0,1286,0,0,1083,0,0,1303,0,0,88,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,25,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","KENSICO",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,802,0,0,73,0,0,0,0,0,1521,0,0,150,0,0,271,0,0,1411,0,0,1244,0,0,1418,0,0,1191,0,0,880,0,0,0,0,0,650,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,30,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","JARVIS",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,4048,0,0,2165,0,0,2416,0,0,2485,0,0,1720,0,0,1501,0,0,1162,0,0,1003,0,0,575,0,0,2833,0,0,5091,0,0,2476,0,0,808,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,35,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","CRESCENT",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,6303,0,0,4034,0,0,7316,0,0,4624,0,0,3019,0,0,2031,0,0,104,0,0,713,0,0,703,0,0,3132,0,0,6120,0,0,4690,0,0,2685,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,40,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","VISCHER FER",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,5945,0,0,3714,0,0,6024,0,0,4504,0,0,2789,0,0,1833,0,0,986,0,0,123,0,0,654,0,0,2259,0,0,5980,0,0,4591,0,0,2686,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,5,9,668,45,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","FLYNN",0,"WASTE HT",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,24819,192100,0,17369,134483,0,27383,211172,0,18948,146928,0,26056,199854,0,24430,188777,0,23492,184084,0,25126,194127,0,24424,188668,0,23749,183457,0,20261,158951,0,19720,154115,0,7314,6,52375,"WH","CC" 21,36,9,6,2,668,45,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","FLYNN",0,"LIGHT OIL",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,7722,10369,101959,21462,28859,72145,0,0,72242,14,20,72083,0,0,72104,0,0,72094,0,0,72044,0,0,72052,0,0,72062,157,211,71873,9447,12866,58992,27271,36998,78070,7314,6,52375,"FO2","CT" 21,36,9,6,9,668,45,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","FLYNN",0,"NAT GAS",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,74458,576302,0,52111,403450,0,82153,633518,0,56849,440785,0,78170,599562,0,73293,566331,0,71470,552251,0,75381,582382,0,73276,566005,0,71251,550371,0,60784,476853,0,59162,462344,0,7314,6,52375,"NG","CT" 22,34,1,2,2,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,123,81,130,93,0,0,131,0,0,138,14,28,165,67,129,202,80,160,147,5,10,137,40,91,189,0,29,160,0,29,131,4,8,123,2384,3,56513,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"HEAVY OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,1345,2425,95467,4563,6516,88951,0,0,88951,0,0,88261,0,0,88261,1177,2026,86235,3361,5958,80277,5273,9351,70926,5555,8624,62302,0,0,62302,0,0,62302,0,0,62302,2384,3,56513,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,6,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"BIT COAL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,29945,12519,39313,35838,15203,23710,8276,3561,20149,0,0,34389,5810,3059,52665,34469,14723,52014,42129,18253,40567,44451,19515,27979,11926,4625,44084,33654,13941,51248,53859,21346,70836,57721,22974,63900,2384,3,56513,"BIT","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,1491,16310,0,0,0,0,944,9940,0,1878,22040,0,11307,122240,0,11062,117040,0,27862,302860,0,29442,321050,0,12534,120040,0,807,8090,0,1552,15370,0,0,0,0,2384,3,56513,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-8,0,770,27,44,729,14,39,690,20,103,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,0,2384,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-8,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,629,6657,0,3831,41649,0,3649,39793,0,1027,14649,0,628,9167,0,1061,10505,0,694,6875,0,2384,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,2,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MISSOURI AV",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-4,100,9869,278,791,9635,3,53,9582,-21,5,9576,-17,8,9568,177,455,9113,2101,5546,7361,1882,5382,8451,605,2439,10201,-18,16,10185,-16,19,10167,2,70,10097,2383,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,2,2,24,5,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","B L ENGLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,510,999,1734,317,596,1818,213,395,1756,107,200,1734,125,224,1843,424,778,1734,424,814,1508,552,1027,1647,500,1086,1588,450,958,1654,643,1122,1377,242,442,1435,2378,3,56513,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,24,5,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","B L ENGLAND",0,"HEAVY OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,4583,8307,99579,7833,13643,103560,0,0,103560,0,0,103560,0,0,103560,8731,14731,88829,37756,66914,51324,29729,50813,69931,850,2842,113855,18800,33751,80103,0,0,80103,15770,26499,87607,2378,3,56513,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,6,24,5,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","B L ENGLAND",0,"BIT COAL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,68381,30282,165387,127521,54088,125492,123787,53379,95025,85963,36061,88754,176115,72435,61413,155554,64926,62658,185411,80134,49009,173888,73305,41509,130330,53650,71904,83030,32962,118367,145947,62033,109160,196038,81549,81843,2378,3,56513,"BIT","ST" 22,34,1,3,2,24,5,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","B L ENGLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,0,5,11,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,12,23,0,133,257,0,321,597,0,5,10,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2378,3,56513,"FO2","IC" 22,34,1,4,2,24,20,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MIDDLE STA",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-834,144,15410,-227,1590,15128,-1342,459,14669,-815,159,14510,-333,16,14494,-558,315,9113,2009,5421,12193,2243,7786,14637,-670,677,15327,-729,232,15284,-745,423,15069,-730,254,14814,2382,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,25,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CEDAR STA",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-474,179,21675,-321,918,21875,-42,70,21804,-546,56,21748,-110,38,21710,62,61,21650,3843,9672,14702,3756,10444,18151,-253,1075,20407,-631,431,21246,-535,219,21027,-679,322,20705,2380,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,30,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CARLL CORNR",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-28,8,13554,78,379,13175,-43,0,13175,-20,0,13175,-965,8,13167,-121,166,13002,1394,2899,10102,1615,4499,9171,-32,0,13713,-16,0,14849,-44,0,14849,49,332,14517,2379,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,30,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CARLL CORNR",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,35,1120,0,452,8170,0,-76,50,0,-19,1010,0,73,2450,0,835,15970,0,6072,93380,0,5324,82370,0,-117,28460,0,861,14250,0,-44,7170,0,172,150,0,2379,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,32,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MICKETON ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,8008,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,32,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MICKETON ST",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,665,11020,0,1084,16250,0,714,11030,0,1017,15170,0,334,6070,0,2355,35610,0,9801,143090,0,8665,129480,0,2856,42750,0,30,1480,0,2277,33340,0,276,5380,0,8008,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,33,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CUMBERLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-76,0,18141,-10,0,18141,-38,0,18141,-31,0,18141,-30,0,18141,0,0,18141,5894,12888,17367,7323,16647,12470,3,249,14661,0,0,17077,-158,198,17249,60,412,16838,5083,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,33,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CUMBERLAND",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-76,0,0,-10,0,0,-38,0,0,-31,0,0,0,0,0,-27,130,0,342,4020,0,16,200,0,1,380,0,-93,0,0,0,0,0,101,3810,0,5083,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,35,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MANTU DEPOT",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,53843,0,0,50861,0,0,80853,0,0,80853,0,0,80853,0,0,80853,0,0,58245,0,0,12871,0,0,12871,0,0,52645,0,0,52645,0,0,82122,8803,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,3,24,40,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MANTU DEPOT",0,"HEAVY OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,128847,0,0,111223,0,0,111223,0,0,111223,0,0,111223,0,0,111223,0,0,81814,0,0,111865,0,0,111865,0,0,115694,0,0,115694,0,0,131074,8804,3,56513,"FO6","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,45,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","SHERMAN AVE",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,70,186,14708,-45,0,14708,-30,0,14708,0,0,14708,-11,0,14708,0,0,14708,0,0,14708,-190,0,14708,0,0,14708,0,0,14708,76,193,14515,232,590,14513,7288,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,45,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","SHERMAN AVE",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,1386,19950,0,-45,0,0,-30,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-190,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1704,23780,0,2984,41500,0,7288,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,1,50,1,"GPU NUCLEAR CORP","OYSTER CRK",0,"NUCLEAR",7423,"0M",1294,,,95,471880,0,0,400185,0,0,466040,0,0,457427,0,0,440064,0,0,447364,0,0,438119,0,0,420825,0,0,447572,0,0,468215,0,0,428423,0,0,307964,0,0,2388,3,58850,"UR","ST" 22,34,1,1,,78,5,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","YARDS CR JO",0,"P-PUMPSTG",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,-9476,31075,0,-6121,19602,0,-8606,30644,0,-9596,30043,0,-9800,36086,0,-15417,52655,0,-13938,46076,0,-11848,42668,0,-7525,27636,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-2205,5358,0,6522,3,56512,"WAT","HY" 22,34,1,4,2,78,7,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GLEN GARDNR",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,357,1074,17830,457,1242,16588,29,247,16340,30,141,16199,0,0,16199,360,1062,15138,0,0,15138,0,0,15138,149,445,14693,21,60,14633,69,223,14409,10,63,16838,8227,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,78,7,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GLEN GARDNR",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1,10,0,31,485,0,2,90,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,698,11690,0,15562,248730,0,18982,309960,0,4246,71580,0,3046,50662,0,1111,20594,0,10,377,0,8227,3,56512,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,3,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"HEAVY OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,268,611,153901,2150,4403,149484,0,0,149488,0,0,149544,0,0,149379,0,0,150080,0,0,150051,0,0,149974,0,0,150075,0,0,149949,0,0,149926,8990,12417,137518,2393,3,56512,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1658,32084,0,198,3865,0,-452,0,0,-364,0,0,-363,0,0,6011,80854,0,28213,364986,0,24888,306021,0,915,14545,0,340,8670,0,825,13717,0,331,2840,0,2393,3,56512,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,150,431,0,803,2747,0,39,127,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,8,0,1,3,0,791,2604,0,31,88,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2393,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1,16,0,0,0,0,1,15,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3,79,0,2862,50800,0,6493,121452,0,911,15880,0,4,174,0,979,364,0,29,249,0,2393,3,56512,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,5,2,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,728,0,0,3136,0,0,1259,0,0,1612,0,0,-587,0,0,5741,0,0,26058,0,0,28272,0,0,20554,0,0,8047,0,0,19296,0,0,18926,0,0,2393,3,56512,"FO2","CC" 22,34,1,5,9,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"WASTE HT",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2393,3,56512,"NG","CC" 22,34,1,6,2,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1147,2566,252704,5572,11989,236313,1136,2545,232067,367,826,230086,0,0,229824,2660,6112,221348,82,189,219853,2038,4709,211204,942,1977,207539,163,373,205587,83,183,203671,5739,8660,193069,2393,3,56512,"FO2","CT" 22,34,1,6,9,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,5385,68331,0,8729,106467,0,6306,80671,0,7352,94029,0,-100,0,0,15594,203104,0,61026,877903,0,70864,931070,0,54572,701754,0,24094,329931,0,60664,796524,0,81101,693848,0,2393,3,56512,"NG","CT" 22,34,1,2,3,78,10,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","SAYREVILLE",0,"HEAVY OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,4224,7914,90214,19448,37587,72103,7,16,72200,0,0,72163,792,1710,90373,6448,15362,75189,42812,86857,27305,24793,50118,55888,1650,3646,52242,0,0,71301,7,18,90540,10844,23847,66865,2390,3,56512,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,78,10,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","SAYREVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,20137,245800,0,2651,32100,0,6917,89800,0,-727,100,0,-407,2800,0,141,2100,0,224,4900,0,16338,199000,0,1429,25400,0,-704,0,0,2904,47900,0,306,4100,0,2390,3,56512,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,78,10,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","SAYREVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,93,224,31996,752,2238,29758,0,0,29758,0,0,29758,139,640,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,2390,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,78,10,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","SAYREVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1500,19800,0,1294,21300,0,831,12100,0,898,13300,0,187,4800,0,2507,37100,0,16534,266200,0,24165,379300,0,3245,51100,0,2451,37300,0,265,3800,0,22,300,0,2390,3,56512,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,3,78,15,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","WERNER",0,"HEAVY OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,259,628,28845,5405,11437,18060,1926,4703,13792,-265,311,13764,-275,69,13780,1352,3366,28845,10346,20351,28459,7922,15595,12784,55,70,13159,-271,197,32022,-298,546,32144,3509,7954,24818,2385,3,56512,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,78,15,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","WERNER",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,44,115,40240,398,1664,37864,88,236,37615,0,0,37379,13,702,36473,348,618,35855,2640,8238,27453,4764,13326,33888,215,290,33598,10,269,33202,0,25,42792,3,278,41910,2385,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,78,20,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","FORKED RVR",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,16388,1066,2219,17602,713,1618,15984,0,0,15971,0,0,15989,0,0,15969,0,0,15974,0,0,15980,0,0,15980,5,12,15970,0,0,15994,221,489,15505,7138,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,78,20,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","FORKED RVR",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,364,4569,0,160,1908,0,1306,15609,0,1647,20147,0,1120,14174,0,2225,28309,0,12875,162923,0,11844,149957,0,4227,53220,0,1880,23454,0,1759,25611,0,749,9475,0,7138,3,56512,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,1,131,1,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SALEM",0,"NUCLEAR",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,818199,0,0,47631,0,0,687443,0,0,753981,0,0,247176,0,0,-8310,0,0,-7985,0,0,-5500,0,0,-3133,0,0,-2112,0,0,-2002,0,0,-2639,0,0,2410,3,52414,"UR","ST" 22,34,1,2,1,131,1,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HOPE CREEK",0,"NUCLEAR",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,778188,0,0,711976,0,0,566874,0,0,750262,0,0,767051,0,0,742345,0,0,309223,0,0,760021,0,0,742281,0,0,733449,0,0,210606,0,0,-8357,0,0,6118,3,52414,"UR","ST" 22,34,1,2,1,131,2,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SALEM",0,"NUCLEAR",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-17867,0,0,12090,0,0,369001,0,0,767911,0,0,765246,0,0,157494,0,0,-5523,0,0,-7400,0,0,-4042,0,0,-4499,0,0,-4002,0,0,-3638,0,0,2410,3,52414,"UR","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,2,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BAYONNE 1",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-19,40,3837,74,282,453,-9,0,453,-44,0,1097,-18,0,3930,-2,0,3930,252,805,3125,134,585,2744,-24,0,3373,-42,0,3744,0,26,3744,-33,25,3898,2397,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,2,9,131,3,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BERGEN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-2112,0,0,-2514,3702,0,8759,159907,0,3706,93882,0,82739,754972,0,167861,1271630,0,281448,2131152,0,334990,2488678,0,184434,1379778,0,154884,1248547,0,151551,1232638,0,151368,1176288,0,2398,3,52414,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,3,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BERGEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,21622,0,0,21622,0,0,38592,0,0,38592,0,0,61623,2310,3197,102565,0,0,118429,0,0,118396,3765,5367,113029,4832,7091,116664,465,652,117805,2398,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,3,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BERGEN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-13,0,0,0,0,0,-6,664,0,-6,644,0,-9,0,0,0,0,0,347,35845,0,505,5090,0,0,0,0,-7,0,0,-7,0,0,-8,0,0,2398,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,2,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,922,1740,0,1014,1683,0,707,1131,0,668,1366,0,0,0,0,911,1528,0,1631,2761,0,200,501,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2399,3,52414,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,9046,15688,55522,11250,17153,88452,0,0,88452,0,0,88452,-534,0,88437,2949,4515,83916,25958,40320,43596,1803,5025,88868,-545,0,88868,-541,0,88868,-541,0,88868,-573,0,88868,2399,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,1176,2221,83444,10436,17314,64340,158,253,93381,55,114,91811,-75,14,91811,57,96,90581,102,173,81026,4040,11276,88868,-82,16,87601,-75,58,86367,29,348,84382,4578,8912,83631,2399,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,60222,642634,0,62039,580691,0,60695,548854,0,9404,108237,0,42361,363894,0,31693,299006,0,63357,605299,0,60174,537745,0,21155,187254,0,17575,158420,0,24156,217635,0,18363,172905,0,2399,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,6,2,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",894,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,144,235,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2399,3,52414,"FO2","CT" 22,34,1,4,2,131,7,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","EDISON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,152,366,106308,281,513,105795,252,403,105392,7,135,105257,0,0,105257,88,644,104610,675,1783,102827,687,1976,100851,0,0,110803,0,0,110803,126,444,110359,742,2206,108153,2400,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,7,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","EDISON",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-33,582,0,70,992,0,-80,345,0,0,0,0,-162,750,0,0,0,0,3046,44211,0,2441,36716,0,-100,537,0,120,3310,0,89,2079,0,28,428,0,2400,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,131,8,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","ESSEX",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,112211,4598,10660,104446,0,0,104446,0,0,103802,0,0,96326,4,10,91990,0,0,91990,0,0,91990,0,0,112914,2,185,112914,234,400,112327,894,2118,110210,2401,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,8,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","ESSEX",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,20171,250330,0,38746,466002,0,28312,330527,0,6195,75506,0,7086,87770,0,17745,236062,0,65291,864255,0,62756,803138,0,18682,243317,0,3599,40505,0,3163,40505,0,1420,2118,0,2401,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,2,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,119,251,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3,6,0,4,9,0,4,9,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2403,3,52414,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,11188,21576,147242,40039,87268,59974,0,0,59974,158,379,13064,0,0,13064,0,0,13064,0,0,13064,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-2401,3164,109182,2403,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,6,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"BIT COAL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,239403,0,0,239403,46093,19713,219690,82549,35226,208484,158939,68702,225010,141427,62425,162585,235608,99546,193639,263396,110928,173063,10310,4383,258904,0,0,349753,57703,21908,369380,339660,132744,293504,2403,3,52414,"BIT","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,30599,362930,0,7194,97478,0,122788,1378604,0,43966,500739,0,16188,203737,0,20750,232325,0,137870,1458255,0,96187,1102638,0,1254,45160,0,-3375,2793,0,356,3383,0,1493,16683,0,2403,3,52414,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,119,251,352215,256,609,34606,-63,0,34606,-54,0,34597,-48,0,34597,0,0,34597,1239,2320,32262,396,2283,29962,-50,0,29962,-46,0,29962,-55,0,29962,-71,0,29959,2403,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,7,103,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3,38,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2403,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,2,131,16,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","KEARNY",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,47,160,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2404,3,52414,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,131,16,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","KEARNY",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-1419,0,47358,3162,9747,46218,-1264,0,46218,-811,0,43218,-763,0,46218,2322,7151,47602,25660,53229,45133,22324,46979,41775,-837,0,41775,-758,0,41755,-1135,0,41775,-1308,0,46698,2404,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,16,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","KEARNY",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,375,941,65441,656,2205,61502,0,175,60444,-48,459,59831,-54,459,66419,-11,40,64109,2241,5425,58552,1592,6227,53502,-37,0,73227,-117,0,73054,-84,226,71810,-19,331,69761,2404,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,16,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","KEARNY",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,778,10891,0,531,10070,0,-183,586,0,-132,928,0,-131,324,0,1324,24641,0,4064,67350,0,6293,99804,0,-119,0,0,-6,0,0,-8,139,0,-23,0,0,2404,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,3,131,18,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","LINDEN",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-2975,0,169370,18699,47791,121579,1724,8149,41900,-1941,0,88431,-2550,0,88431,1771,15138,11078,59268,130643,95281,51534,115049,125814,-2711,0,128815,-1641,0,126134,-2551,10434,115700,-1747,0,115700,2406,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,18,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","LINDEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,26,253,53370,313,1361,52009,448,1157,50882,3498,6627,44255,6478,14170,30085,0,0,30085,0,0,30085,564,1160,28925,0,0,49924,-37,195,49604,202,372,49037,451,1756,51571,2406,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,18,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","LINDEN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-96,0,0,43,2616,0,3961,49847,0,1854,18696,0,15141,180135,0,13553,160573,0,33255,393680,0,32192,409006,0,8666,121819,0,8374,103539,0,3980,41596,0,1468,15561,0,2406,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,6,131,22,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","MERCER",0,"BIT COAL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,260338,90961,263541,283481,98338,252219,105820,38401,312566,69927,25278,364038,58034,23857,399943,121372,47152,419711,144178,55677,392291,111773,44297,360087,169493,64917,301841,40666,17201,334307,135703,47712,346850,209008,71876,359245,2408,3,52414,"BIT","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,131,22,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","MERCER",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,15072,160572,0,10698,100608,0,12860,134613,0,17393,171693,0,23606,242604,0,33578,373796,0,130882,1357300,0,110572,1186167,0,12727,142016,0,7184,77196,0,1387,12188,0,362,30224,0,2408,3,52414,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,22,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","MERCER",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,58,452,0,99,166,0,-80,45,0,-80,22,0,-90,0,0,-84,0,0,174,1003,0,1250,2375,0,-74,0,0,-89,0,0,-86,0,0,65,504,0,2408,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,22,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","MERCER",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,11,107,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,23,252,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2408,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,131,24,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","NATIONAL PK",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-7,0,2850,-5,0,2850,-6,0,168,-6,0,167,-7,0,1390,-6,0,3548,-6,0,3548,33,67,3481,-6,0,3481,3,25,3456,2,22,3434,-6,0,3434,2409,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,2,3,131,25,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SEWAREN",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,915,2021,98313,16425,33366,104241,341,778,103613,0,0,103613,1016,2372,101241,0,0,101241,128,279,100962,2211,4787,96175,4969,9343,86832,2764,7861,78971,2025,6536,72435,11423,30324,105394,2411,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,131,25,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SEWAREN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,30968,435199,0,63113,771440,0,13222,183529,0,3478,58360,0,10032,124996,0,30077,426413,0,86401,1129748,0,69754,958979,0,7865,101861,0,-868,15021,0,1354,26896,0,943,15389,0,2411,3,52414,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,25,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SEWAREN",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,51,704,34543,121,263,34280,-71,0,34280,-133,0,34280,-130,0,34280,-22,30,38575,438,1523,37052,831,2943,34109,-123,0,34109,-124,0,34109,23,82,34027,80,208,33819,2411,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,25,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SEWAREN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,2,31,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,16,0,0,0,0,2411,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,131,27,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SALEM JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-18,3,16640,85,264,16528,-5,49,16528,-14,28,17721,-15,0,17581,0,0,17581,398,125,32262,152,455,31807,-6,0,16295,2764,7861,78971,-14,0,14970,54,170,12261,2410,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,5,2,3,645,1,"VINELAND (CITY OF)","HOWARD DOWN",0,"HEAVY OIL",19856,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,24261,803,2139,23900,486,1664,22238,294,1029,21209,2656,6649,16338,890,2102,21318,4629,11673,9645,3246,7549,10200,0,0,10347,0,0,10397,0,0,10320,2429,6628,6595,2434,3,53140,"FO6","ST" 22,34,5,2,6,645,1,"VINELAND (CITY OF)","HOWARD DOWN",0,"BIT COAL",19856,"0M",1294,,,95,7844,4284,7953,7472,4143,6788,3415,1988,9938,0,0,9849,2186,1111,8737,7260,3928,6843,6950,3861,9709,3584,3042,7673,388,209,9251,1581,798,8709,5259,2954,5755,3724,2035,5931,2434,3,53140,"BIT","ST" 22,34,5,4,2,645,10,"VINELAND (CITY OF)","WEST",0,"LIGHT OIL",19856,"0M",1294,,,95,74,199,9430,353,887,8543,45,128,8417,0,0,8417,0,0,8417,315,901,7389,2079,6227,5808,2543,5808,3568,151,900,3206,36,73,3061,6,80,2981,129,339,2818,6776,3,53140,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,1,52,1,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","B VALLEY",0,"NUCLEAR",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,17240,0,0,-6300,0,0,367420,0,0,596300,0,0,615700,0,0,589500,0,0,604900,0,0,561482,0,0,591490,0,0,614130,0,0,582150,0,0,452460,0,0,6040,1,50827,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,52,2,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","B VALLEY",0,"NUCLEAR",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,610052,0,0,558397,0,0,377306,0,0,-2502,0,0,358108,0,0,592883,0,0,609130,0,0,296500,0,0,598381,0,0,622939,0,0,557126,0,0,601216,0,0,6040,1,50827,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,52,5,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","CHESWICK",0,"BIT COAL",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,355392,137291,317861,331090,126419,307477,249582,96410,291500,17430,8507,318494,299247,119774,288017,339756,132948,261655,256633,102182,276100,296500,118467,263069,297357,118900,201464,311698,126308,186349,351416,139379,173501,306740,121467,188856,8226,1,50827,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,52,5,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","CHESWICK",0,"NAT GAS",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,1427,13928,0,331,3531,0,1002,9220,0,1172,14418,0,1806,18532,0,1364,13508,0,1549,14158,0,2639,26716,0,2701,26104,0,1881,19412,0,1411,14459,0,1232,12044,0,8226,1,50827,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,52,13,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","ELRAMA",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,1941,3768,1508,1330,2779,1204,1589,3262,979,1253,2681,1633,1006,2112,1445,803,1634,1382,1389,3062,1487,1368,2719,1591,1136,2443,1644,986,1991,1570,898,1981,1539,1195,2526,782,3098,1,50827,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,52,13,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","ELRAMA",0,"BIT COAL",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,240736,111790,172599,220356,101044,171860,197080,90684,191628,207597,94541,190808,200161,89633,171686,159939,73949,169611,197010,95313,150545,226664,107371,139013,188236,90982,151708,97661,45101,189092,223530,101521,181601,237771,106889,154459,3098,1,50827,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,52,15,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","F PHILLIPS",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3099,1,50827,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,52,15,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","F PHILLIPS",0,"BIT COAL",5487,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3099,1,50827,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,52,27,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","BRUNOT ILND",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,-733,567,24237,-801,692,23545,-848,9,23536,-662,220,23316,-662,0,23316,-579,460,22856,1005,4706,18150,5198,15710,17539,-587,0,19993,-604,0,19993,-808,0,19993,-777,582,20583,3096,1,50827,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,5,2,52,27,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","BRUNOT ILND",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3096,1,50827,"FO2","CC" 23,42,1,6,2,52,27,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","BRUNOT ILND",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3096,1,50827,"FO2","CT" 23,42,1,2,1,100,1,"GPU NUCLEAR CORP","3 MI ISLAND",0,"NUCLEAR",7423,"0M",1294,,,95,611412,0,0,552321,0,0,609022,0,0,586279,0,0,599986,0,0,573186,0,0,584601,0,0,586748,0,0,144888,0,0,338797,0,0,590553,0,0,610193,0,0,8011,3,58850,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,1,,114,15,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","YORK HAVEN",0,,12390,"0M",1294,,,95,8890,0,0,9724,0,0,12867,0,0,10005,0,0,12383,0,0,12781,0,0,10950,0,0,1654,0,0,3141,0,0,8336,0,0,12409,0,0,9435,0,0,3117,3,54020,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,4,2,114,24,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","HAMILTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,0,44,4643,342,858,4499,38,102,4397,28,68,4330,-2,0,4330,0,0,4330,432,1398,2932,1179,2884,2369,143,356,3085,0,0,3085,47,129,3491,190,511,4606,3109,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,25,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","HUNTERSTOWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,44,117,8244,904,2365,9808,139,361,9448,53,150,8583,0,1,8583,0,0,8582,1,3,8579,16,42,8895,2,7,9067,19,50,9017,7,22,8995,281,706,8304,3110,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,114,25,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","HUNTERSTOWN",0,"NAT GAS",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,1133,17680,0,1048,17830,0,7,180,0,729,13320,0,504,8500,0,1339,19320,0,3546,41940,0,6556,84500,0,3434,53290,0,1503,23470,0,1262,20430,0,1780,27282,0,3110,3,54020,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,27,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","MOUNTAIN",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,71,188,6429,964,2523,5157,48,126,5031,4,12,5912,0,0,5912,0,1,5911,0,2,5910,0,0,5910,36,175,5913,0,0,6270,0,2,6804,367,1234,6575,3111,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,114,27,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","MOUNTAIN",0,"NATURAL G",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,297,5940,0,476,8360,0,443,6390,0,469,7770,0,208,3710,0,328,5630,0,1743,26610,0,3541,53620,0,894,14500,0,170,2840,0,572,8810,0,1301,18260,0,3111,3,54020,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,31,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","ORRTANNA",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,48,116,4401,346,875,4418,88,218,4200,26,66,4135,0,0,4135,0,0,4135,593,1575,2917,1316,3402,1824,159,409,2667,26,65,3674,0,7,5453,229,581,4898,3112,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,114,32,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","PORTLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,1210,2219,56721,612,1085,51313,671,1307,49944,1587,3013,45429,432,812,42830,190,349,41500,955,1701,39591,434,783,37499,499,951,35882,161,335,60358,2066,4127,57233,222,397,56872,3113,3,54020,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,114,32,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","PORTLAND",0,"BIT COAL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,132808,53399,109521,182821,71489,66961,66747,28478,108572,54477,22914,130642,57698,23989,150827,144768,58703,134821,179344,71804,85267,178789,70856,51093,83228,35019,46481,11852,5425,93489,58689,25583,120272,183470,71507,85462,3113,3,54020,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,114,32,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","PORTLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,77,142,2671,1704,3020,3973,50,98,3938,790,1501,3938,951,1787,3938,662,1215,3705,281,501,3412,727,1310,3410,2125,4049,3409,1,3,3407,122,245,3406,1839,3288,3291,3113,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,114,32,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","PORTLAND",0,"NAT GAS",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,7,72,0,1596,15661,0,2973,32178,0,2051,22130,0,3978,42351,0,12035,125176,0,33248,336088,0,28922,295790,0,5224,56353,0,750,8818,0,2029,22553,0,597,5955,0,3113,3,54020,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,34,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","SHAWNEE",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,73,171,6099,265,687,6483,16,27,6472,20,60,6412,44,112,6301,35,90,6211,135,371,5839,869,2245,3594,68,177,3417,0,0,4845,68,117,5622,0,0,5679,3114,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,114,35,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TITUS",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,102,198,885,73,138,926,387,772,869,487,933,1186,472,874,1205,168,334,1228,294,559,1026,220,409,617,291,530,803,369,699,998,321,614,560,227,431,880,3115,3,54020,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,114,35,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TITUS",0,"BIT COAL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,73788,31030,99475,51570,21149,100003,47245,20126,101173,38103,15904,107895,66063,26455,103387,95872,40846,84743,118659,48529,57453,118052,46687,37871,105060,41177,26170,83805,34936,50826,103029,42373,57757,128752,52966,41217,3115,3,54020,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,114,35,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TITUS",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,58,114,4000,793,1492,4117,0,0,4117,1,2,4115,0,0,4115,4,8,4106,65,124,3983,133,248,3983,0,0,3983,131,248,3734,20,39,3695,0,0,3755,3115,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,114,35,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TITUS",0,"NAT GAS",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,53,575,0,23,240,0,80,890,0,60,640,0,52,541,0,22,250,0,1587,16770,0,2936,30250,0,319,3230,0,110,1190,0,149,1590,0,5,60,0,3115,3,54020,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,38,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TOLNA",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,68,175,6400,563,1516,6278,90,224,6054,0,1,6053,0,0,6053,0,0,6053,759,2033,4020,2323,6134,2677,164,447,5438,64,349,6339,62,101,6238,114,281,6229,3116,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,133,1,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","CONMAUGH JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,514,827,5361,559,930,4122,454,736,6813,810,1319,5181,459,747,4344,78,121,4153,878,1456,2385,538,892,3017,74,121,5479,0,0,5356,3148,5217,7748,383,627,6559,3118,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,1,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","CONMAUGH JO",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1122156,419851,722958,925303,359096,640938,1076935,406220,574117,992331,375372,600365,1073542,404411,660222,1082614,409954,586984,1087889,419782,543363,1144736,439047,524854,727433,274855,587632,579871,221827,735222,799742,308937,733868,1107177,421853,608881,3118,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,133,1,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","CONMAUGH JO",0,"NAT GAS",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1516,13798,0,1026,9654,0,566,5184,0,1707,15719,0,1710,15719,0,264,2319,0,2347,22035,0,3446,32313,0,452,4120,0,258,2408,0,2434,22766,0,571,5283,0,3118,3,54025,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,133,1,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","CONMAUGH JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,59,96,0,34,57,0,59,97,0,181,295,0,54,89,0,45,71,0,187,311,0,146,243,0,46,75,0,31,52,0,78,130,0,46,76,0,3118,3,54025,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,1,,133,5,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","PINEY",0,,14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,7087,0,0,2980,0,0,8315,0,0,7025,0,0,7405,0,0,7866,0,0,1807,0,0,900,0,0,618,0,0,1506,0,0,5259,0,0,4760,0,0,3124,3,54025,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,1,,133,13,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SENECA JO",0,"C-PUMPSTG",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,-18038,60718,0,-12762,44459,0,-13759,53339,0,-14476,46086,0,-10189,43886,0,-20535,71955,0,-32632,124316,0,-31819,130160,0,-23462,98242,0,-26851,110227,0,-17180,96885,0,-19235,101307,0,8225,3,54025,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,4,9,133,17,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","BLOSSBURG",0,"NAT GAS",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,-5,0,0,248,3769,0,-4,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,502,7485,0,846,9556,0,243,7354,0,-5,0,0,-4,0,0,-4,0,0,3120,3,54025,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,133,25,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","HOMER CTYJO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,724,1106,10724,239,368,10825,1397,2089,8613,678,1026,8717,2469,3709,5517,3227,5084,7324,1158,1765,5736,474,737,6933,1569,3909,7274,769,1187,8528,7523,12170,9104,4070,6343,6965,3122,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,25,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","HOMER CTYJO",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1185616,454082,568142,1188794,455176,479305,1210546,457862,391125,1087359,409749,340123,685495,258590,520058,1050104,414471,562956,1147586,445483,356766,1213094,474606,228657,448257,271599,331273,758425,290978,460056,823682,334855,431770,991225,388795,409243,3122,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,133,45,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SEWARD",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,662,1281,675,306,595,618,281,535,616,145,261,535,122,305,409,432,940,535,285,552,414,274,531,585,416,789,657,463,878,671,432,834,724,340,657,600,3130,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,45,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SEWARD",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,101596,46820,104963,110101,50567,86392,110470,50520,76721,54307,23628,78208,29270,17347,91227,52721,27510,83682,115539,53769,77789,119322,55517,67991,102723,46904,73094,107866,49063,74467,105367,48397,85472,116951,53923,61526,3130,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,133,48,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SHAWVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1123,1920,8833,2602,4605,6882,3250,5700,8490,1312,2317,8459,872,1542,9545,917,1633,7965,912,1584,7411,1122,2141,8065,1665,3195,7890,1607,2973,8086,2444,4275,8035,3504,6399,6379,3131,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,48,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SHAWVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,269348,109338,102763,256827,107901,105884,326710,136132,96046,350160,145852,80632,328883,137262,84982,336010,141689,79617,350851,144610,79435,304942,138068,76369,248206,112475,83476,317261,138069,65107,346273,142913,61290,323453,141293,48123,3131,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,133,48,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SHAWVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,31,54,764,42,75,689,26,47,797,22,39,757,20,37,721,29,52,669,42,74,740,203,388,705,22,43,662,24,46,763,18,32,731,24,44,819,3131,3,54025,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,2,2,133,60,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WARREN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,101,246,375,38,94,281,58,147,313,65,158,336,29,123,391,38,93,297,45,104,725,30,76,657,8,20,637,47,126,511,41,109,402,38,97,482,3132,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,60,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WARREN",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,23223,13460,34201,30943,18008,26672,17000,10379,34033,20947,11998,35372,16865,16419,30837,28698,16502,23133,35556,19496,14235,32084,18799,17943,18322,10742,21117,17556,10786,25392,16779,10295,31120,32207,19202,23049,3132,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,133,60,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WARREN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,2,7,9205,924,2260,9835,124,314,9521,0,1,9519,94,389,9130,154,374,8757,2078,4788,7154,3447,8693,6033,514,1272,7934,0,0,7934,105,276,7658,393,986,9466,3132,3,54025,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,133,60,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WARREN",0,"NAT GAS",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,0,10,0,0,10,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3132,3,54025,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,3,2,133,75,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","BENTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,"R",250,95,-3,0,0,-2,0,0,-3,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3119,3,54025,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,133,87,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WAYNE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,-99,18,20263,508,1505,18758,-92,0,18758,-86,0,18758,-70,1,18757,-54,0,18757,1349,3469,15288,3798,9355,11397,490,1027,13199,-52,0,13199,141,1098,14037,154,691,18031,3134,3,54025,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,133,90,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","KEYSTONE JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,2244,3690,6503,1272,2084,8137,0,0,8969,4533,7554,9207,714,1204,9434,965,1623,9346,2145,3684,9013,3083,5243,9005,923,1553,9324,753,1254,8496,1264,2066,8810,0,0,8724,3136,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,90,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","KEYSTONE JO",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1102214,423987,311858,582793,225211,453587,563417,222247,605342,809149,315890,648804,1078337,426399,648546,1084349,429852,601163,1034268,420581,454702,938657,378854,582342,1033031,410618,649687,1088547,426659,795799,1058746,408591,711979,1180880,456067,560683,3136,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,133,90,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","KEYSTONE JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,349,575,0,349,573,0,34,59,0,204,341,0,100,170,0,35,60,0,207,356,0,870,1480,0,155,262,0,66,110,0,178,291,0,46,86,0,3136,3,54025,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,2,2,135,1,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","NEW CASTLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,157,295,104,61,118,158,276,532,107,184,352,158,327,657,138,250,493,138,176,344,140,152,297,106,171,327,131,192,372,116,117,218,145,156,288,161,3138,1,52289,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,135,1,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","NEW CASTLE",0,"BIT COAL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,167856,72057,99647,154279,67443,98213,130534,58811,77871,125682,55847,86191,67772,31976,90113,98557,45757,95531,118202,53998,90022,140629,64008,74786,116270,52148,73949,88872,40250,91385,140709,61724,82726,150687,61716,63171,3138,1,52289,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,135,1,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","NEW CASTLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,22,56,1012,6,7,1012,7,22,863,1,3,991,4,9,875,1,7,1095,68,120,980,348,650,769,21,48,895,12,25,914,9,4,978,1,5,846,3138,1,52289,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,2,2,135,12,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","MANSFLD JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,1007,1692,29171,723,1155,27861,1506,2563,20232,2103,3540,37005,3377,5991,30895,1363,2382,49447,1396,2364,47084,1578,2757,44327,1128,2011,40209,852,1442,3868,625,1076,37528,5978,10675,26852,6094,1,52289,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,135,12,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","MANSFLD JO",0,"BIT COAL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,1000025,404047,691181,900788,348267,715644,764097,314521,842427,1018498,413184,894368,1102944,466816,876286,1268001,530524,794307,1358940,556273,756092,1346419,567300,719388,816664,349651,802659,889136,365870,922037,897824,373667,888666,766127,330985,1035343,6094,1,52289,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,137,1,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUSQUEHANNA",0,"NUCLEAR",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,784581,0,0,707744,0,0,597267,0,0,-6623,0,0,455272,0,0,764570,0,0,800626,0,0,807866,0,0,781516,0,0,816456,0,0,256044,0,0,663200,0,0,6103,3,52288,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,137,2,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUSQUEHANNA",0,"NUCLEAR",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,819260,0,0,744537,0,0,809836,0,0,572523,0,0,800757,0,0,763767,0,0,784244,0,0,790491,0,0,327567,0,0,158303,0,0,801099,0,0,820399,0,0,6103,3,52288,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,1,,137,8,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HOLTWOOD",0,,14715,"0M",1294,,,95,63368,0,0,44815,0,0,66767,0,0,61784,0,0,47914,0,0,44060,0,0,38745,0,0,15029,0,0,8892,0,0,3395,0,0,54454,0,0,52183,0,0,3145,3,52288,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,2,2,137,8,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HOLTWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,2,293,307,92,564,453,76,299,502,6,12,486,9,103,375,64,316,412,48,185,402,32,69,513,156,340,542,105,324,374,44,96,457,71,158,639,3145,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,4,137,8,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HOLTWOOD",0,"ANTH COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,16657,10967,92177,28295,20094,81874,38352,28374,83310,37995,26901,93553,28887,20504,97262,21957,15483,110941,27038,19535,107719,38254,26848,105902,36692,25935,106839,27783,20333,110563,38411,27438,93901,40473,29360,79473,3145,3,52288,"ANT","ST" 23,42,1,2,5,137,8,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HOLTWOOD",0,"COKE",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,5600,3687,7954,10386,7347,6463,12376,9136,6569,13390,9479,6750,10455,7419,8863,7778,5469,5689,9256,6676,3115,13170,9235,2168,11989,8438,3400,7495,5464,2289,8623,7102,1550,11704,5956,0,3145,3,52288,"PC","ST" 23,42,1,1,,137,14,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","WALLENPAUPK",0,,14715,"0M",1294,,,95,12278,0,0,38773,0,0,4171,0,0,-24207,0,0,735,0,0,560,0,0,5204,0,0,2717,0,0,244,0,0,24,0,0,11908,0,0,11545,0,0,3153,3,52288,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,4,2,137,15,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","ALLENTOWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,64,195,4597,200,523,4444,0,0,4446,40,90,4355,0,0,4356,122,333,4024,199,561,4006,2797,7611,4017,44,168,4389,12,34,4355,0,0,4351,134,369,4531,3139,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,137,20,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","BRUNNER ISL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,5215,9667,5220,2811,6985,2945,2623,7457,4341,1006,3274,4688,1673,5855,4747,623,3511,4635,1145,3027,3800,192,491,4638,1850,4455,1752,956,1998,4421,1497,3195,3955,6348,15226,4765,3140,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,137,20,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","BRUNNER ISL",0,"BIT COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,726861,278333,624176,797416,299207,615563,638681,243796,659948,618218,235042,726562,483331,182515,843219,636052,246917,774595,729927,280541,565746,770922,293672,454478,661164,258193,418744,632910,240757,448356,500569,201629,451028,542332,211139,476821,3140,3,52288,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,137,20,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","BRUNNER ISL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,43,75,0,27,35,0,29,50,0,11,33,0,29,50,0,27,47,0,38,66,0,41,123,0,30,52,0,27,47,0,21,37,0,28,47,0,3140,3,52288,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,137,26,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","FISHBACH",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2203,37,115,2088,0,0,2076,11,33,2043,0,0,2039,16,52,1987,102,265,2080,1274,3289,1978,63,218,2105,0,0,2095,0,0,2105,13,33,2071,3142,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,28,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HARWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2216,83,240,2157,0,0,2152,44,152,2171,0,0,2171,13,61,2272,289,883,2098,1064,3093,1958,134,415,2230,60,205,2217,0,0,2217,0,0,2208,3144,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,29,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HARRISBURG",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4184,328,916,4530,0,0,4528,34,103,4425,7,31,4394,111,326,4426,221,659,4486,3286,9229,3610,329,960,4424,0,0,4424,8,0,4410,101,283,4486,3143,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,1397,3966,1367,1654,3961,905,487,1818,1153,845,3118,1197,886,4111,1282,1222,4052,1400,1679,4825,803,2026,5349,775,303,753,1408,633,2680,1365,1511,3919,1485,2510,5735,1078,3148,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"HEAVY OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,3313,20105,1792976,137098,246817,1537637,4594,16136,1518993,7837,26024,1486208,0,0,1482804,46574,94076,1387076,225007,410380,970823,241933,469387,1094662,32635,57250,1132457,11373,23775,1505839,59422,125764,1590347,265457,506756,1125474,3148,3,52288,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"BIT COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,77736,33553,94127,107453,45145,78631,33245,15373,94972,56476,25532,79013,56350,25210,63411,56558,24356,57931,77903,34985,45157,72539,34251,53601,19134,10553,62015,28384,12765,56271,68305,31511,46146,107135,53235,34362,3148,3,52288,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,19,33,0,53,92,0,70,124,0,63,90,0,15,57,0,18,30,0,7,12,0,39,74,0,10,20,0,7,13,0,4,7,0,20,9,0,3148,3,52288,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,5154,253,713,4491,0,0,4487,23,66,4408,0,0,4408,97,271,4056,301,924,3141,2928,8451,3433,332,1023,4044,0,0,4797,34,92,6619,47,134,6156,3148,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,34,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","JENKINS",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2287,49,143,2325,0,0,2326,12,59,2267,0,0,2265,0,0,2261,285,831,1773,1377,3617,2093,62,169,2280,17,50,2230,0,0,2177,0,0,2170,3146,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,36,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","LOCK HAVEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,2,17,2072,0,0,2072,0,0,2071,0,0,2072,0,0,2231,19,50,2181,47,187,2160,309,776,1940,29,62,2234,0,0,2233,0,0,2229,0,0,2223,3147,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,137,38,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MONTOUR",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,5284,3061,15269,1120,9829,7128,603,1538,7267,606,3951,8198,13,2000,6913,5227,30521,8337,1368,7253,4923,878,2071,5843,1573,7626,7055,7633,17598,7723,1969,8730,7062,7059,10859,7500,3149,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,137,38,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MONTOUR",0,"BIT COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,847074,335924,519372,875346,340631,445625,780698,304571,380887,372505,141113,452083,435583,162563,503087,625764,248102,531404,836431,328954,481373,911902,352540,306054,690630,264412,407406,817637,314073,299288,838531,328858,291789,880367,352324,220532,3149,3,52288,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,120,1018,953,89,415,868,270,1417,1025,212,1169,913,362,1349,784,121,240,1084,94,305,938,95,427,967,167,1398,1038,316,896,961,315,1038,893,516,1056,864,3152,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,4,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"ANTH COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,59791,48178,418732,52800,43904,407593,42379,34783,387855,56229,44534,380823,54876,44151,401119,43071,35250,457310,34960,27900,513983,38518,30044,586494,54062,41683,635399,58158,44699,652259,58144,45249,613424,56311,42856,591156,3152,3,52288,"ANT","ST" 23,42,1,2,5,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"COKE",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,32080,14266,18014,37875,17579,8930,34489,14591,2989,39190,17032,15602,35966,15206,24516,28052,11818,24368,21736,9175,21882,27009,11174,25559,37827,15339,20820,35544,14870,22116,40820,17176,11347,43815,18422,22426,3152,3,52288,"PC","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"BIT COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,38602,20937,145827,50229,27422,136935,127350,62833,126363,110076,53702,131074,110470,54187,128876,117078,56381,126273,137002,67568,99984,129986,64144,93470,121920,58717,95585,117436,55949,93435,118781,56941,78649,145641,68789,57848,3152,3,52288,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,29,54,0,17,32,0,22,41,0,12,22,0,18,33,0,15,28,0,10,19,0,41,76,0,14,26,0,21,39,0,16,30,0,15,28,0,3152,3,52288,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4196,0,0,4357,0,0,4367,0,0,4367,0,0,4367,12,34,4284,56,161,4122,1269,3772,3896,136,375,4425,0,0,4425,0,0,4304,59,188,4116,3152,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,41,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","WEST SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,1981,146,397,2124,0,0,2125,23,63,2063,0,0,2063,27,85,2157,93,275,2060,1581,3944,1664,97,247,1948,0,0,1948,0,0,1943,0,0,1936,3154,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,42,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","WILLIAMPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,11,25,2095,108,303,2299,33,89,2120,24,80,2130,0,0,1062,31,83,2085,166,469,2282,1685,4637,1796,229,615,2348,0,1,2347,0,0,2347,47,129,2218,3155,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,4,137,44,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","COAL STORAG",0,"ANTH COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4326102,0,0,4287048,0,0,4250306,0,0,4192077,0,0,4116068,0,0,4024607,0,0,3949307,0,0,3858966,0,0,3770991,0,0,3712178,0,0,3655315,0,0,3627389,8805,3,52288,"ANT","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,144,1,"PECO ENERGY CO","LIMERICK",0,"NUCLEAR",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,758738,0,0,649503,0,0,788638,0,0,741991,0,0,644273,0,0,749037,0,0,735331,0,0,472319,0,0,293869,0,0,781359,0,0,758883,0,0,774008,0,0,6105,3,52304,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,144,2,"PECO ENERGY CO","LIMERICK",0,"NUCLEAR",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,305997,0,0,145495,0,0,841460,0,0,792169,0,0,828631,0,0,759339,0,0,812705,0,0,648469,0,0,793584,0,0,839715,0,0,794719,0,0,838665,0,0,6105,3,52304,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,144,2,"PECO ENERGY CO","PEACHBOTTOM",0,"NUCLEAR",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,835865,0,0,758077,0,0,833805,0,0,783656,0,0,813085,0,0,767048,0,0,814131,0,0,781700,0,0,787889,0,0,812587,0,0,755502,0,0,620649,0,0,3166,3,52304,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,1,,144,3,"PECO ENERGY CO","MUDDY RUN",0,"P-PUMPSTG",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,-58588,197635,0,-48050,161907,0,-57936,201052,0,-62063,184331,0,-54454,193555,0,-64502,219733,0,-77254,238571,0,-71435,248510,0,-71632,228867,0,-151911,225998,0,-140643,200522,0,-140747,207063,0,3164,3,52304,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,2,1,144,3,"PECO ENERGY CO","PEACHBOTTOM",0,"NUCLEAR",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,777483,0,0,711496,0,0,640321,0,0,740258,0,0,699846,0,0,588449,0,0,497410,0,0,423621,0,0,284823,0,0,314451,0,0,800042,0,0,695148,0,0,3166,3,52304,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,144,10,"PECO ENERGY CO","CHESTER",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,40,143,6303,283,871,5973,4,13,5960,0,0,5960,0,0,5960,134,251,5709,1965,3097,5088,2547,9094,4622,135,622,5417,6,46,5371,9,117,5615,0,0,5615,3157,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,552,1065,739,136,247,742,559,972,675,596,1108,639,800,1555,694,542,1023,717,107,204,786,442,846,656,532,1027,700,390,751,648,1349,2625,514,669,1263,679,3159,3,52304,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,2359,4204,37192,40300,66566,38230,6132,9753,28477,2439,4170,38531,1755,3147,35384,2326,3992,31392,2427,4219,27173,2684,4698,32767,5362,9562,23250,2962,5168,40075,2887,5164,35070,3164,5422,36172,3159,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"BIT COAL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,74489,31603,37801,84553,33984,30569,59404,28393,32942,68130,28446,39783,56042,24391,55616,62095,25757,51736,68743,28828,37015,81385,34554,29542,73288,31653,35675,82081,34906,31898,75734,32689,34891,88164,36436,31030,3159,3,52304,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"NAT GAS",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,71643,785884,0,61834,634083,0,79727,785913,0,51172,541950,0,54177,597370,0,81502,865110,0,111181,1192120,0,110008,1192120,0,68568,752990,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,69,740,0,3159,3,52304,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,0,0,425,2,5,382,1,2,380,1,3,377,0,0,377,0,1,376,6,13,363,0,0,363,2,5,358,0,0,358,3,6,352,0,0,352,3159,3,52304,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,2,2,144,20,"PECO ENERGY CO","DELAWARE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,83,167,285,230,443,159,379,1037,262,0,1258,270,63,112,285,407,948,313,503,939,296,248,512,251,125,311,303,0,535,306,0,1886,292,1548,3097,274,3160,3,52304,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,144,20,"PECO ENERGY CO","DELAWARE",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,7566,13842,54536,40968,72617,57755,6149,15501,61363,-988,853,60510,1023,1674,58836,10372,22370,60784,73226,125872,59240,61586,116298,48551,3817,8670,64382,-880,0,64382,-848,109,64273,42071,77005,46160,3160,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,144,20,"PECO ENERGY CO","DELAWARE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,4,8,0,6,12,0,0,0,0,8,4,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5,12,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3,6,0,0,0,0,3160,3,52304,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,144,20,"PECO ENERGY CO","DELAWARE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,14,29,4606,471,908,4510,16,46,5120,42,103,4834,0,0,5221,137,321,4998,1693,3157,5919,4022,8277,4823,175,434,5097,11,64,4495,0,0,4139,3,6,3960,3160,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,2860,5785,8309,7265,14150,6730,691,1392,5338,656,1353,6842,1090,2439,5446,1497,2992,3502,265,545,7647,1122,2234,5367,200,403,4943,1397,2645,5855,940,1740,11279,4634,8834,12016,3161,3,52304,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,28189,52308,219884,149450,269038,232369,3289,6168,226201,212,405,225796,779,1602,224194,12605,22920,225716,34139,63954,190796,58828,107390,228949,6004,24353,228406,13370,23208,205198,25814,43623,161575,159697,281810,186014,3161,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"BIT COAL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,230611,102377,114701,145600,63304,115351,142036,63132,95986,141196,64796,114142,75987,37394,136129,72749,31969,156190,38241,17251,161746,115645,50809,196139,101095,70609,237844,255413,106924,214128,279475,114586,204428,343647,144382,154263,3161,3,52304,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"NAT GAS",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,44577,509816,0,75572,836629,0,64058,732536,0,42770,502085,0,37425,473140,0,199205,2238826,0,248894,2876189,0,290649,3273871,0,116178,2028607,0,136486,1466691,0,26917,282787,0,17773,193338,0,3161,3,52304,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,88,179,7824,301,588,7236,23,47,7189,0,0,7189,59,133,7056,38,77,6979,2082,4276,7703,5802,11553,9393,213,2838,8159,40,77,8082,74,138,7944,162,310,8951,3161,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,3,144,25,"PECO ENERGY CO","OIL STORAGE",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,8806,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,144,26,"PECO ENERGY CO","FALLS",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,6,16,10772,174,460,10312,0,0,10312,0,0,10312,0,0,10312,323,626,9686,1716,2316,9307,2167,6952,8374,53,261,8289,8,112,8177,0,0,8503,0,0,8503,3162,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,144,27,"PECO ENERGY CO","MOSER",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,62,154,10920,416,1304,10329,2,7,10322,0,0,10322,0,0,10322,174,159,10163,2401,3681,8582,3033,9617,8076,165,385,7691,0,0,7691,49,1948,8854,0,0,8854,3163,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,144,30,"PECO ENERGY CO","RICHMOND",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,73,705,25225,1538,2518,24154,176,209,23945,0,0,23945,0,0,23945,546,1092,22853,7883,15050,19654,8358,22812,19604,1489,4282,16208,573,1391,19605,1780,4530,22192,2646,5558,20232,3168,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,144,35,"PECO ENERGY CO","SCHUYLKILL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,10,31,177,29,55,282,0,13,330,0,0,58,5,32,173,21,41,260,32,63,204,31,64,224,0,0,285,0,0,204,0,13,117,174,366,292,3169,3,52304,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,144,35,"PECO ENERGY CO","SCHUYLKILL",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,2569,7049,0,27433,47982,0,-514,221,0,-442,0,0,787,4441,0,7540,12988,0,45149,79435,0,40737,74952,0,2171,4408,0,-450,0,0,-487,0,0,33696,64594,0,3169,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,144,35,"PECO ENERGY CO","SCHUYLKILL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,0,0,0,11,21,0,1,6,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,4,9,0,2,8,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3169,3,52304,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,144,35,"PECO ENERGY CO","SCHUYLKILL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,0,0,4077,183,347,4272,0,0,4454,0,0,4454,16,102,4352,25,48,4304,1060,2033,4025,3086,6214,3655,57,113,3542,0,0,3542,0,0,4435,0,0,4435,3169,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,144,39,"PECO ENERGY CO","SOUTHWARK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,7,10,6164,245,786,6101,28,123,5978,0,0,5978,0,0,5978,21,33,5945,2299,3702,5765,2572,9427,4876,120,646,4593,9,18,4592,0,0,5461,12,32,5429,3170,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,144,62,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROYDON",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,908,1378,96105,5368,13129,82976,1206,2774,80202,185,1674,78528,-30,449,78079,2904,7166,70913,28748,58359,102954,34047,90855,75978,5816,17011,58967,4006,14190,124677,9344,33758,90919,20108,59103,81811,8012,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,1,,166,1,"SAFE HARBOR WATERPOWER CO","SAFE HARBOR",0,,16537,"0M",1294,,,95,143384,0,0,59393,0,0,126476,0,0,89759,0,0,63828,0,0,55553,0,0,43077,0,0,14256,0,0,7655,0,0,60191,0,0,112079,0,0,82918,0,0,3175,3,52553,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,2,2,182,5,"UNITED GAS IMP CO (THE)","HUNLOCK CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",19390,"0M",1294,,,95,513,820,149,94,161,167,202,328,185,435,618,244,11,18,226,1,2,224,140,230,170,0,0,170,514,892,135,73,127,175,21,35,140,24,41,99,3176,3,52988,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,4,182,5,"UNITED GAS IMP CO (THE)","HUNLOCK CRK",0,"ANTH COAL",19390,"0M",1294,,,95,22922,15408,12384,27213,18489,14764,29884,19399,26578,8930,5383,44202,31976,21379,41110,31087,20919,40663,28632,19193,37106,32217,21657,39145,28079,19274,38194,32138,21308,38517,32139,20464,33331,30924,20327,26649,3176,3,52988,"ANT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,187,1,"WEST PENN POWER CO","ARMSTRONG",0,"LIGHT OIL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,1137,2044,435,250,438,461,208,349,465,208,340,516,357,602,494,249,434,577,87,154,405,77,134,448,175,297,469,719,1212,478,755,1324,33,100,171,531,3178,1,54030,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,187,1,"WEST PENN POWER CO","ARMSTRONG",0,"BIT COAL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,116602,48997,133134,169087,69152,118235,94695,37329,143043,106738,41224,154005,90547,35992,160453,93589,37605,145126,109058,44341,133889,108429,43934,141795,50453,20094,155423,132983,52637,143306,163282,66595,118118,227115,90923,97838,3178,1,54030,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,187,5,"WEST PENN POWER CO","HATFIELD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,431,715,4466,429,677,4860,16,26,4860,109,176,5175,295,498,4642,232,393,4202,112,193,4003,116,200,3858,440,729,3846,625,1001,3653,200,324,4266,345,551,4530,3179,1,54030,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,187,5,"WEST PENN POWER CO","HATFIELD",0,"BIT COAL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,924993,349235,573422,796344,286253,580468,654622,239981,562743,652050,240234,569141,751057,287421,561772,807472,310567,503117,873489,338429,425399,814220,315517,429242,611272,228129,438816,665375,244419,472140,717809,264457,471668,976850,352523,470255,3179,1,54030,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,187,15,"WEST PENN POWER CO","MITCHELL",0,"LIGHT OIL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,1099,1660,62781,14264,26130,36652,9573,16358,20294,0,0,95,0,0,20294,0,0,20294,2975,5533,14761,9534,17307,37248,0,0,37248,370,623,36693,0,0,102,0,0,36712,3181,1,54030,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,187,15,"WEST PENN POWER CO","MITCHELL",0,"BIT COAL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,133543,54702,81824,96423,41467,82859,153555,62524,77796,125039,49503,90740,49588,20363,93045,53622,23986,82955,92131,39751,72392,131370,55646,87997,44218,20045,99480,112797,45127,97501,86006,35430,95483,91125,37261,96203,3181,1,54030,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,187,15,"WEST PENN POWER CO","MITCHELL",0,"NAT GAS",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,997,8782,0,512,5468,0,649,6574,0,362,3518,0,98,1012,0,493,5639,0,384,4175,0,352,3732,0,608,6884,0,229,2287,0,632,6538,0,411,4215,0,3181,1,54030,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,187,25,"WEST PENN POWER CO","SPRINGDALE",0,"HEAVY OIL",20387,"0M",1294,"S",71,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3182,1,54030,"FO6","ST" 23,42,8,1,,800,5,"ALLEGHENY ELECTRIC COOP","RAYSTOWN",0,,332,"0A",1294,,,95,10581,0,0,4872,0,0,10420,0,0,7145,0,0,9214,0,0,7292,0,0,7823,0,0,1871,0,0,1862,0,0,6232,0,0,13092,0,0,11263,0,0,7128,1,58500,"WAT","HY" 31,39,1,2,2,30,5,"CARDINAL OPERATING CO","CARDINAL",0,"LIGHT OIL",3006,"0M",1294,,365,95,1506,2512,16004,1987,3269,21891,793,1326,20561,810,1358,18998,750,1207,17783,5623,9537,7493,587,994,18460,1462,2531,15746,996,1682,14054,1293,2176,11850,586,984,10858,3751,6207,17605,2828,1,50359,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,30,5,"CARDINAL OPERATING CO","CARDINAL",0,"BIT COAL",3006,"0M",1294,,365,95,964403,385031,651565,952635,371878,631820,970861,386058,589923,907026,357640,591393,523077,201759,670651,745173,300966,631446,1013299,410501,467099,1010121,415926,370224,984185,397240,345127,996339,400914,397108,987234,392815,487317,940659,377797,434608,2828,1,50359,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,43,1,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","DICKS CREEK",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,20,1175,6144,23,332,5811,9,35,5776,18,399,5377,0,0,5377,10,47,5330,233,987,4343,377,1342,3001,3,41,5373,8,49,5325,18,65,5260,1,7,5253,2831,1,50556,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,43,1,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","DICKS CREEK",0,"NAT GAS",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,74,4943,0,-217,0,0,17,13,0,-138,563,0,-109,0,0,227,871,0,3843,78877,0,4803,89226,0,-34,0,0,-101,1423,0,240,6693,0,672,17724,0,2831,1,50556,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,43,2,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WC BECKJORD",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,1063,1868,0,520,909,0,1246,2193,0,616,1040,0,909,1575,0,1694,2920,0,83,148,0,648,1175,0,673,1200,0,1185,2032,0,1335,2313,0,1124,2076,0,2830,1,50556,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,43,2,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WC BECKJORD",0,"BIT COAL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,376000,158991,137317,393834,167236,139827,297378,127194,171002,437582,181317,177440,274678,116442,192793,481664,200911,197721,528583,228082,195580,602321,260506,195850,213081,91113,206835,487454,202145,200676,427365,176777,196004,493746,218176,193234,2830,1,50556,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,43,2,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WC BECKJORD",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,904,1589,30711,253,443,29179,30,54,26769,24,41,25499,30,53,23746,206,356,41971,10845,19305,22349,18056,32731,31385,523,933,29084,23,40,26796,38,67,23956,1551,2863,41821,2830,1,50556,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,43,5,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","MIAMI FORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,1008,1795,0,465,820,0,830,1457,0,436,757,0,862,1538,0,1665,3001,0,1804,3164,0,3368,6051,0,1292,2324,0,260,450,0,548,956,0,3202,5528,0,2832,1,50556,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,43,5,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","MIAMI FORT",0,"BIT COAL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,637745,262491,294369,502865,207419,302760,559242,231277,318869,305741,124954,357678,414341,174583,369622,502174,211728,359534,599203,248510,325680,672906,285623,264937,557339,235511,249465,607306,250021,246891,553335,226505,248836,594845,241403,260437,2832,1,50556,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,43,5,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","MIAMI FORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,184,328,29994,104,184,28839,51,90,27190,104,182,26060,90,161,23971,260,470,20424,2604,4567,34307,5930,10654,29284,0,0,26912,56,98,26221,132,231,25022,4,7,19483,2832,1,50556,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,43,10,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","W H ZIMMER",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,387,627,43117,405,662,42455,266,437,42018,446,721,41297,544,908,40390,5437,9067,40610,3869,6259,34351,2406,3947,30404,654,1074,29331,0,0,28641,10375,17945,31644,228,326,31318,6019,1,50556,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,43,10,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","W H ZIMMER",0,"BIT COAL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,945287,364436,470303,860575,334587,468422,931671,360276,429932,905494,345488,449089,895923,353208,433131,685071,269191,462164,813824,313887,471999,817013,315668,465279,858265,326707,439814,-6015,0,440306,643755,258809,446427,954218,369625,445092,6019,1,50556,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,43,15,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WOODSDALE",0,"PROPANE",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,3264,17257,47281,251,6836,40445,206,1875,39359,655,3378,35981,0,2040,33941,765,1976,31965,599,1450,30515,128,307,30208,2,8,30200,22,122,30078,2291,8079,47000,9027,29590,47410,7158,1,50556,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,43,15,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WOODSDALE",0,"NAT GAS",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,150,4500,0,6,900,0,329,16900,0,549,16100,0,-24,5400,0,8444,123700,0,78223,1073891,0,127374,1732000,0,11241,209600,0,798,24900,0,8079,161217,0,5288,98400,0,7158,1,50556,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,2,1,47,1,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","PERRY",0,"NUCLEAR",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,876776,0,0,768903,0,0,819283,0,0,488364,0,0,856246,0,0,825532,0,0,844484,0,0,836109,0,0,563058,0,0,867378,0,0,562127,0,0,802040,0,0,6020,1,50587,"UR","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,47,5,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","ASHTABULA",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,42,104,847,0,0,847,118,290,165,18,45,836,36,88,1105,993,2435,781,1126,2764,920,735,1805,1069,508,1246,1250,554,1359,961,372,912,1126,318,78,1063,2835,1,50587,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,47,5,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","ASHTABULA",0,"BIT COAL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,52796,31491,71024,49964,29829,71024,55761,34212,70589,75864,42918,70589,57256,34078,70589,75393,41494,70589,152351,73482,69602,185535,87655,62911,92554,48842,63273,134786,62671,50375,152108,70363,39853,183631,84228,39391,2835,1,50587,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,47,10,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","AVON",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,545,1336,12357,217,533,11823,334,820,11003,71,175,13126,623,1529,11274,103,252,10337,204,501,9328,209,514,12564,219,537,11551,455,1117,10529,439,1076,9330,211,518,8657,2836,1,50587,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,47,10,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","AVON",0,"BIT COAL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,418792,166008,147432,412531,162705,122460,424163,169344,131476,363532,138488,180398,251231,98651,203325,203947,82859,218224,353614,137703,162497,424161,173437,95914,388690,173071,75855,373672,144052,89758,227150,92153,101135,197850,84233,81208,2836,1,50587,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,47,10,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","AVON",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,-48,0,1833,46,308,1525,-44,0,1525,16,93,1432,-27,0,1432,51,171,1260,97,283,1453,726,2175,826,-20,0,1302,-23,0,1326,-40,0,1326,-55,0,1861,2836,1,50587,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,47,15,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","EASTLAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,1497,3674,9572,911,2234,8964,764,1874,9624,751,1842,8674,1166,2861,7850,1418,3479,8310,853,2092,5787,966,2369,13472,911,2234,13178,758,1860,11437,682,1673,13358,1121,2750,10965,2837,1,50587,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,47,15,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","EASTLAKE",0,"BIT COAL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,563066,214828,125324,531721,201833,127529,552063,214200,127558,603752,229103,113946,476696,183152,148312,528305,201681,134280,545020,211638,133115,580108,227637,126504,418750,164875,155538,237147,95621,161064,619540,234785,116588,554005,216330,121544,2837,1,50587,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,47,15,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","EASTLAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,-26,411,1392,-34,64,1328,-7,96,1232,-39,0,1232,-17,48,1184,80,272,913,110,487,2330,416,1227,1642,-21,0,1642,-29,0,1642,-48,0,1642,-62,0,1642,2837,1,50587,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,47,20,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","LAKE SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,1807,4433,0,1095,2687,0,655,1878,10867,822,2016,9030,822,2016,9030,822,2016,9030,822,2016,9030,0,0,9030,0,0,9030,0,0,9030,0,0,9030,0,0,9030,2838,1,50587,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,3,47,20,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","LAKE SHORE",0,"HEAVY OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,-1345,0,0,-1121,0,0,-1101,0,0,-967,0,0,-1013,0,0,-1144,0,0,-1177,0,0,-1109,0,0,-1101,0,0,-886,0,0,-1113,0,0,-1190,0,0,2838,1,50587,"FO6","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,47,20,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","LAKE SHORE",0,"BIT COAL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,-2869,0,0,-2051,0,0,-8655,0,0,-1765,0,0,-1630,0,0,-1592,0,0,-1511,0,0,-680,0,0,-664,0,0,-785,0,0,-839,0,0,-939,0,0,2838,1,50587,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,47,20,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","LAKE SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2838,1,50587,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,2,2,50,5,"COLUMBUS SOUTHERN PWR CO","CONESVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4062,"0M",1294,,369,95,781,1346,11167,848,1487,10088,1527,2569,9973,647,1108,10480,1150,1863,10818,808,1412,11137,1992,3195,10638,911,1520,12206,2980,5206,7444,848,1360,7419,1411,2362,6092,1247,2194,6515,2840,1,50633,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,50,5,"COLUMBUS SOUTHERN PWR CO","CONESVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",4062,"0M",1294,,369,95,839897,361439,480236,776708,341510,409270,577474,241703,450938,516809,220156,545479,471259,188870,589930,540735,233443,590510,666114,292069,537443,960463,414977,380548,748475,319718,311923,775359,307972,333993,824448,339869,356943,594247,257598,411899,2840,1,50633,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,50,15,"COLUMBUS SOUTHERN PWR CO","PICWAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",4062,"0M",1294,,369,95,77,157,318,80,151,162,0,0,158,0,0,163,0,0,150,271,581,410,67,164,258,153,329,279,86,168,293,52,109,355,102,206,330,71,149,354,2843,1,50633,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,50,15,"COLUMBUS SOUTHERN PWR CO","PICWAY",0,"BIT COAL",4062,"0M",1294,,369,95,24098,12576,18902,17338,8355,10547,0,0,10547,0,0,10547,0,0,10547,12062,7059,8508,8499,5099,16411,33626,17892,7051,12493,6357,14305,11264,6148,20174,12256,6425,23762,14575,8110,25135,2843,1,50633,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,56,15,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","FRANK TAIT",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,10,18,2118,30,55,1880,24,44,4879,67,123,5809,5,9,5601,0,0,8437,59,128,8308,638,1170,6968,8,15,6953,0,0,6953,4,31,12908,0,0,12704,2847,1,50752,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,4,2,56,15,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","FRANK TAIT",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",494,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,8,31,0,2615,5585,0,2094,4660,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,87,204,0,2847,1,50752,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,56,15,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","FRANK TAIT",0,"NAT GAS",4922,"0M",494,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,206,4610,0,2453,30366,0,2250,29020,0,2757,33743,0,5899,80360,0,392,7740,0,65,1370,0,35,1210,0,1279,17010,0,2847,1,50752,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,2,6,56,20,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","HUTCHINGS",0,"BIT COAL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,1189,1204,103680,11354,5882,97799,-864,0,97799,0,0,97799,-467,0,97799,38657,18515,85185,73119,34885,59277,140943,65371,20520,7427,3975,45638,4351,2521,84275,3553,2065,93826,62576,27616,66210,2848,1,50752,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,9,56,20,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","HUTCHINGS",0,"NAT GAS",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,408,9899,0,595,6448,0,0,0,0,-804,48,0,4,164,0,1487,14801,0,2254,22264,0,5404,59821,0,688,9010,0,440,6133,0,353,5099,0,1464,15898,0,2848,1,50752,"NG","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,56,20,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","HUTCHINGS",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,71,303,1433,82,157,1275,0,1,1275,0,0,1275,0,0,1274,0,0,1274,0,0,1274,0,1,1274,0,0,1274,0,0,1274,58,147,1127,49,94,1395,2848,1,50752,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,56,20,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","HUTCHINGS",0,"NAT GAS",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,0,10,0,0,0,0,5,1130,0,16,400,0,8,327,0,0,0,0,140,1384,0,423,4690,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,41,453,0,2848,1,50752,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,56,23,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","J M STUART",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,1332,2321,1749,646,1073,2134,623,1061,2140,1223,2081,1858,1631,2823,2062,975,1647,2197,223,358,2194,623,1047,2043,1054,1794,2183,2669,4498,2177,1035,1708,1924,2772,4191,2252,2850,1,50752,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,56,23,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","J M STUART",0,"BIT COAL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,1324209,556655,951299,1313535,540148,931841,981133,406226,1101726,963505,397393,1210633,1235488,518718,880851,1223521,506083,868835,1340550,537277,869585,1339861,554937,815555,984147,409972,981044,990034,409244,867049,1361690,549068,888832,1361213,508529,976472,2850,1,50752,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,56,23,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","J M STUART",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2850,1,50752,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,4,2,56,28,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","YANKEE ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,392,1042,6368,143,449,7390,1,3,5791,0,0,5791,0,1,5790,0,2,5788,0,0,5788,0,2,6395,2,7,6388,0,1,6388,60,192,6195,298,738,6316,2854,1,50752,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,56,28,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","YANKEE ST",0,"NAT GAS",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,10,160,0,62,1100,0,162,1963,0,84,1410,0,82,1499,0,110,1913,0,390,6135,0,2583,45005,0,16,299,0,118,2067,0,15,279,0,1,15,0,2854,1,50752,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,3,2,56,34,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","MONUMENT",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,48,88,666,38,70,596,24,44,749,8,15,735,20,37,698,0,0,698,0,0,698,868,1591,510,12,22,679,8,15,664,3,6,658,23,73,586,2851,1,50752,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,3,2,56,38,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","SIDNEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,36,66,654,39,72,582,19,35,547,12,22,525,27,50,476,38,70,594,200,367,418,928,1701,298,12,22,467,14,26,441,11,20,599,27,50,550,2852,1,50752,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,2,2,56,40,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","KILLEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,1515,2654,38401,2032,3512,34941,568,957,33906,811,1364,32383,2303,3935,28369,2103,3623,24697,1150,1949,22638,3905,6750,39224,3140,5527,33621,140,241,33352,1226,2214,31022,7796,9042,43816,6031,1,50752,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,56,40,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","KILLEN",0,"BIT COAL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,396655,162048,146219,299969,123570,141430,380134,154283,172985,326056,132202,166969,335211,138111,191956,337194,139038,170239,357281,145509,178055,407089,168349,129255,293108,123208,110897,435673,179182,98466,52201,22774,186101,115941,32572,227624,6031,1,50752,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,133,10,"OHIO EDISON CO","EDGEWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,"A",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,255,723,33,159,366,33,0,0,0,308,793,33,68,152,33,5,124,33,27,86,33,7,17,33,1286,2860,33,3,6,33,2857,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,9,133,10,"OHIO EDISON CO","EDGEWATER",0,"NAT GAS",13998,"0M",394,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,7097,98907,0,15050,194824,0,0,0,0,5911,86537,0,13656,173637,0,24053,289252,0,13182,151945,0,7495,97750,0,13698,169535,0,9290,104799,0,2857,1,52154,"NG","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,133,10,"OHIO EDISON CO","EDGEWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,39,51,10875,58,329,9555,-8,73,8938,-14,44,9839,0,0,9464,200,693,10736,984,3224,10487,1718,5378,9687,120,437,8935,-17,0,8918,15,18,8748,20,140,9834,2857,1,52154,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,133,15,"OHIO EDISON CO","GORGE STEAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2858,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,133,15,"OHIO EDISON CO","GORGE STEAM",0,"BIT COAL",13998,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2858,1,52154,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,133,30,"OHIO EDISON CO","MAD RIVER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,-78,0,15547,-26,273,15273,-54,0,15273,-54,0,15273,363,2822,15479,99,426,15053,1080,3857,14177,3295,9983,13051,179,602,14577,62,386,15260,60,421,14839,73,357,15562,2860,1,52154,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,133,43,"OHIO EDISON CO","NILES",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,5,9,253,86,166,190,142,266,280,33,64,216,17,38,406,275,522,253,67,130,224,50,97,303,45,88,221,63,123,320,28,54,266,27,53,213,2861,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,133,43,"OHIO EDISON CO","NILES",0,"BIT COAL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,123871,55965,73387,98573,45856,68795,100911,45527,84171,102317,46469,88241,6938,3797,109930,76341,34497,104722,105408,49207,76769,73326,33732,70283,103996,47562,47231,111221,52359,33613,108872,49872,33134,113766,51273,29923,2861,1,52154,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,133,43,"OHIO EDISON CO","NILES",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,55,295,7474,75,333,7682,-36,56,7626,-41,0,7626,-25,30,7596,100,416,7180,647,2274,6851,1403,4579,5630,65,256,6970,-7,118,6852,3,124,6728,61,335,7293,2861,1,52154,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,133,45,"OHIO EDISON CO","R E BURGER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,101,204,570,57,119,629,70,132,675,95,173,502,63,117,562,95,188,374,81,156,558,51,100,633,44,83,549,46,91,458,2,3,632,119,296,336,2864,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,133,45,"OHIO EDISON CO","R E BURGER",0,"BIT COAL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,220103,104240,157034,164294,78521,184267,126512,54034,193327,150997,63973,186573,81596,35961,201217,96775,43949,193287,127163,56391,181386,166656,74197,142563,130934,57102,99030,67387,30839,87088,93946,40429,64542,82572,48775,54306,2864,1,52154,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,133,45,"OHIO EDISON CO","R E BURGER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,7,10,1284,23,46,1417,9,11,1407,0,0,1407,0,0,1407,34,84,1323,236,429,1243,566,1044,904,17,35,1224,23,43,1181,0,0,1181,30,77,1647,2864,1,52154,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,2,2,133,57,"OHIO EDISON CO","W H SAMMIS",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,1482,2546,867,528,903,1046,558,954,844,550,932,638,695,1199,912,544,955,1493,706,1274,1304,451,1354,1217,1142,2017,1181,1316,2293,1036,94,160,983,2104,3601,973,2866,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,133,57,"OHIO EDISON CO","W H SAMMIS",0,"BIT COAL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,1276095,514756,525945,1279324,511426,457910,1239563,502275,472374,1278563,515393,459047,1160892,479648,563045,1211972,504994,605054,1203599,510803,549162,1367687,590999,470321,991825,414819,354704,1017793,422778,445492,1052538,422578,399901,1094820,447068,288610,2866,1,52154,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,133,57,"OHIO EDISON CO","W H SAMMIS",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,21,47,2208,62,132,2422,24,52,2506,21,51,2619,18,49,2690,84,169,2569,424,916,2504,994,1895,1445,56,115,2687,17,62,1885,61,120,2363,49,78,2264,2866,1,52154,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,5,2,133,80,"OHIO EDISON CO","W LORAIN JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2869,1,52154,"FO2","CC" 31,39,1,6,2,133,80,"OHIO EDISON CO","W LORAIN JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,"A",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,18,114,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2869,1,52154,"FO2","CT" 31,39,1,2,2,141,28,"OHIO POWER CO","MUSKINGUM R",0,"LIGHT OIL",14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,3882,6525,18086,2171,3713,17991,1663,2732,19038,2100,3500,20732,2616,4271,21458,2357,4274,22882,1323,2298,23072,3025,5284,24028,1082,2039,25141,1349,2367,24554,1527,2671,21638,6433,9974,10617,2872,1,54028,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,141,28,"OHIO POWER CO","MUSKINGUM R",0,"BIT COAL",14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,535201,215186,421884,537048,220375,419768,597967,235236,427281,521184,207858,375208,449068,175136,430680,464394,194776,458208,580017,239178,402984,570215,237224,362814,265479,117802,367772,240284,100504,368567,286463,120853,342833,504050,190482,323803,2872,1,54028,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,141,30,"OHIO POWER CO","GAVIN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,3763,6775,47403,769,1320,46083,4239,7491,38592,399,722,37870,719,1203,36667,2089,3543,33123,1042,1767,31357,1100,2128,29229,787,1372,39659,1447,2509,37150,1827,3076,34074,190,326,33748,8102,1,54028,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,141,30,"OHIO POWER CO","GAVIN",0,"BIT COAL",14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,64858,30038,1931820,651490,284413,2186971,988276,436625,1888556,1196488,552083,1872871,1419448,615414,1838157,1182854,513910,1760692,1417031,613808,1615051,1643009,713610,1363516,1514789,657244,1159863,1269184,559173,1152059,1395530,601427,1176037,1375641,605361,1157372,8102,1,54028,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,1,,141,35,"OHIO POWER CO","RACINE",0,,14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,18331,0,0,19396,0,0,21002,0,0,26318,0,0,19638,0,0,23776,0,0,16330,0,0,12023,0,0,7551,0,0,14526,0,0,23751,0,0,24817,0,0,6006,1,54028,"WAT","HY" 31,39,1,2,6,141,40,"OHIO POWER CO","TIDD",0,"BIT COAL",14006,"0M",1294,"S",364,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2874,1,54028,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,147,1,"OHIO VALLEY ELEC CORP","KYGER CREEK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14015,"0M",1294,,506,95,214,364,1335,346,582,1079,478,772,930,80,131,1631,298,520,1248,203,342,1489,97,168,1464,0,0,1642,55,92,1550,582,973,577,236,390,1258,83,146,1373,2876,1,52156,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,147,1,"OHIO VALLEY ELEC CORP","KYGER CREEK",0,"BIT COAL",14015,"0M",1294,,506,95,702913,271965,605907,555922,215202,643003,623778,230327,685798,645615,237897,675827,712862,278407,639864,676683,252935,580389,702720,270228,524058,722985,274975,470824,637930,231881,406765,609383,225508,431319,645928,235364,421426,715380,277692,649924,2876,1,52156,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,1,168,1,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","DAVIS-BESSE",0,"NUCLEAR",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,658580,0,0,596841,0,0,657111,0,0,620608,0,0,643953,0,0,629968,0,0,645923,0,0,643124,0,0,630210,0,0,652469,0,0,633467,0,0,645496,0,0,6149,1,52927,"UR","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,168,9,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","ACME",0,"PROPANE",18997,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2877,1,52927,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,168,9,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","ACME",0,"BIT COAL",18997,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2877,1,52927,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,9,168,9,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","ACME",0,"NAT GAS",18997,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2877,1,52927,"NG","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,168,11,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","BAY SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,136,448,525,273,439,445,156,255,550,380,622,464,160,607,393,170,407,521,159,530,700,226,457,598,155,367,588,238,402,364,76,315,588,112,197,572,2878,1,52927,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,168,11,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","BAY SHORE",0,"BIT COAL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,271495,103216,169716,328463,121979,150035,259418,97335,167411,220548,81660,204738,228937,86543,252579,283830,108691,226673,265296,101256,155041,323077,180415,73781,309205,109740,75119,176674,67648,106761,254611,97258,111939,278242,107020,82847,2878,1,52927,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,168,11,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","BAY SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,14,64,566,36,59,688,0,0,782,14,24,758,0,0,758,17,30,1086,46,267,997,175,646,886,8,62,825,2,5,820,0,19,979,1,53,926,2878,1,52927,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,2,168,18,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","RICHLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,0,40,2793,0,0,2793,0,0,2793,0,25,2768,0,3,2764,27,124,2641,49,260,2380,192,729,1652,0,0,1652,0,44,1607,0,0,2325,0,0,2325,2880,1,52927,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,168,18,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","RICHLAND",0,"NAT GAS",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,0,276,0,0,594,0,0,324,0,0,621,0,0,756,0,25,675,0,71,2079,0,345,7385,0,0,215,0,0,3046,0,0,92,0,2,392,0,2880,1,52927,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,4,2,168,19,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","STRYKER",0,"LIGHT OIL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,10,159,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,8,1183,0,0,1183,16,41,1142,0,0,92,0,29,1113,2881,1,52927,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,3,2,522,1,"ARCANUM (CITY OF)","ARCANUM",0,"LIGHT OIL",768,"0A",1294,,,95,27,51,203,49,90,186,15,31,155,4,8,148,3,5,143,17,33,110,14,27,82,52,101,101,4,8,93,3,6,87,4,13,74,8,21,171,2902,1,50096,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,3,2,552,1,"BRYAN (CITY OF)","BRYAN",0,"LIGHT OIL",2439,"0M",1294,,,95,14,23,355,14,25,329,0,0,329,178,304,378,39,68,310,12,21,289,145,250,215,87,158,235,29,50,179,16,27,153,37,63,268,9,32,237,2903,1,50356,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,4,2,552,1,"BRYAN (CITY OF)","BRYAN",0,"LIGHT OIL",2439,"0M",1294,,,95,22,50,6950,0,0,6950,2,156,6795,0,0,6790,0,0,6790,0,0,6790,0,0,6790,0,0,6790,0,0,6760,0,0,6720,6,12,6690,1,5,6682,2903,1,50356,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,4,9,552,1,"BRYAN (CITY OF)","BRYAN",0,"NAT GAS",2439,"0M",1294,,,95,22,566,0,82,2330,0,0,0,0,254,4926,0,3992,62915,0,6018,86797,0,4936,89292,0,8968,190437,0,6094,104355,0,104,2299,0,132,2762,0,420,8161,0,2903,1,50356,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,4,2,561,2,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","COLLINWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",3762,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,1070,0,4,1066,83,263,803,0,0,803,4,238,565,0,0,922,0,0,922,50,256,1022,0,0,1022,0,0,1022,0,0,1022,0,0,1022,2906,1,50589,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,4,9,561,2,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","COLLINWOOD",0,"NAT GAS",3762,"0M",1294,,,95,27,729,0,0,0,0,1,32,0,0,33,0,0,0,0,674,8563,0,274,8962,0,32,941,0,17,380,0,0,3,0,0,7,0,0,4,0,2906,1,50589,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,2,2,561,10,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","LAKE ROAD",0,"LIGHT OIL",3762,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2908,1,50589,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,561,10,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","LAKE ROAD",0,"BIT COAL",3762,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2908,1,50589,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,4,2,561,20,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","W 41ST ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",3762,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,1995,0,0,1994,0,0,1994,0,0,1993,0,0,1993,0,0,1992,0,1,1992,0,1,1991,0,0,1990,0,0,1990,0,1,1989,0,0,1989,2909,1,50589,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,4,9,561,20,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","W 41ST ST",0,"NAT GAS",3762,"0M",1294,,,95,477,14950,0,526,10745,0,431,12673,0,247,6523,0,221,6443,0,340,8176,0,1197,15109,0,4074,94135,0,593,26459,0,537,13366,0,668,16240,0,628,17345,0,2909,1,50589,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,2,6,579,1,"DOVER (CITY OF)","DOVER",0,"BIT COAL",5336,"0M",1294,,,95,7510,5164,474,5838,3935,612,7700,4900,592,6987,4742,130,0,7,150,0,0,623,5223,3579,213,7330,5046,506,6122,4199,218,2658,1764,200,6852,5320,346,7262,4963,413,2914,1,50806,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,579,1,"DOVER (CITY OF)","DOVER",0,"NAT GAS",5336,"0M",794,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,27,403,0,884,12716,0,410,6737,0,110,1163,0,663,9798,0,637,9130,0,2914,1,50806,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,3,2,579,1,"DOVER (CITY OF)","DOVER",0,"LIGHT OIL",5336,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,66,0,0,66,4,9,61,0,0,66,0,0,57,18,228,79,36,74,109,29,75,101,0,0,101,0,0,101,0,0,101,0,0,101,2914,1,50806,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,4,9,579,5,"DOVER (CITY OF)","DOVER",0,"NAT GAS",5336,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,65,1022,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,48,698,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2914,1,50806,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,2,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"LIGHT OIL",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,5,11,1751,1,3,1749,1,4,1747,1,5,1744,1,4,1743,4,10,1737,3,7,1734,4,9,1730,4,11,1724,1,4,1722,1,6,1719,7,16,1711,2917,1,51225,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"BIT COAL",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,22703,11176,13737,252,146,15989,5474,3315,16142,8640,5428,12982,9803,5101,7881,11553,6584,1297,16363,9478,2000,22973,9375,5688,24478,13592,4621,4956,3752,6715,4870,4046,7024,23079,11772,7422,2917,1,51225,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"NAT GAS",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,157,1874,0,13990,195116,0,5260,76784,0,483,7231,0,4563,57272,0,9310,123945,0,17338,207709,0,14384,141922,0,1816,24404,0,676,12116,0,270,5334,0,784,9339,0,2917,1,51225,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,4,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"LIGHT OIL",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,1751,0,0,1749,0,0,1748,0,0,1745,0,0,1742,0,0,1738,0,0,1735,0,0,1730,0,0,1725,0,0,1723,0,0,1719,0,0,1711,2917,1,51225,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,4,9,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"NAT GAS",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,11,142,0,174,2439,0,83,1220,0,26,393,0,18,234,0,55,745,0,1064,12754,0,1170,28673,0,18,250,0,134,2411,0,10,207,0,18,217,0,2917,1,51225,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,1,,605,5,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HMLTN HYDRO",0,,7977,"0M",1294,"R",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7807,1,51225,"WAT","HY" 31,39,5,3,2,629,1,"LEBANON (CITY OF)","LEBANON",0,"LIGHT OIL",10830,"0M",1294,,,95,3,23,1067,0,0,1067,90,268,799,0,0,799,0,0,799,0,0,799,29,63,734,52,106,805,0,0,805,0,0,805,0,0,805,0,0,805,2921,1,51615,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,4,2,629,1,"LEBANON (CITY OF)","LEBANON",0,"LIGHT OIL",10830,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2921,1,51615,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,3,2,684,1,"OBERLIN (CITY OF)","OBERLIN",0,"LIGHT OIL",13949,"0A",1294,,,95,5,65,637,21,41,596,0,37,558,8,17,528,0,0,509,33,80,429,17,210,218,239,528,405,11,41,364,8,17,348,194,525,358,145,391,324,2933,1,52140,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,3,9,684,1,"OBERLIN (CITY OF)","OBERLIN",0,"NAT GAS",13949,"0A",1294,,,95,275,2724,0,260,2802,0,5,1676,0,75,826,0,13,132,0,200,1734,0,339,3535,0,552,5958,0,39,487,0,82,884,0,969,9721,0,63,1533,0,2933,1,52140,"NG","IC" 31,39,5,2,6,689,1,"ORRVILLE (CITY OF)","ORRVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",14194,"0M",1294,,,95,30925,20332,2401,27128,23359,528,19190,7163,1721,22147,13962,524,29670,13038,1437,23583,15893,1741,24259,14697,2641,28372,19561,2485,22121,14691,1281,18235,13105,1557,28993,15643,959,24197,16177,783,2935,1,52192,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,689,1,"ORRVILLE (CITY OF)","ORRVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",14194,"0M",1294,,,95,45,744,0,42,811,0,122,1020,0,127,1797,0,112,1116,0,51,780,0,63,856,0,72,1126,0,22,331,0,46,762,0,78,961,0,76,1181,0,2935,1,52192,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,2,2,691,1,"PAINESVILLE (CITY OF)","PAINESVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14381,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,1518,0,0,1518,0,0,1518,36,100,1776,5,13,1762,0,0,1048,0,0,1762,25,73,1689,25,73,1616,4,14,1602,17,53,1548,10,20,1528,2936,1,52227,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,691,1,"PAINESVILLE (CITY OF)","PAINESVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",14381,"0M",1294,,,95,17099,10622,1607,15231,10037,2990,13188,8922,6467,12361,8060,7830,13138,7996,7962,15287,8544,8154,15901,9966,8093,12362,8310,8580,11176,7757,8780,11298,8213,9293,8336,6116,9293,7235,5099,7825,2936,1,52227,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,691,1,"PAINESVILLE (CITY OF)","PAINESVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",14381,"0M",1294,,,95,16,258,0,29,464,0,152,2440,0,67,1072,0,27,394,0,18,254,0,42,658,0,113,1904,0,81,1386,0,46,839,0,100,1812,0,97,1715,0,2936,1,52227,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,2,2,700,10,"PIQUA (CITY OF)","PIQUA",0,"LIGHT OIL",15095,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,33,1,9,24,0,0,35,1,7,27,0,0,32,0,1,31,0,1,30,0,0,30,0,0,30,0,4,26,0,3,23,1,6,36,2937,1,52334,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,700,10,"PIQUA (CITY OF)","PIQUA",0,"BIT COAL",15095,"0M",1294,,,95,2963,3832,1560,2779,3526,1061,2427,2994,1038,1970,2648,582,2418,2789,195,1914,2556,734,1374,2211,15,1611,2421,41,1481,2312,382,2468,3140,627,2650,3515,1751,2688,3569,2090,2937,1,52334,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,4,2,700,10,"PIQUA (CITY OF)","PIQUA",0,"LIGHT OIL",15095,"0M",1294,,,95,24,119,2949,51,239,3071,-37,127,2947,119,588,2896,109,897,3032,277,1359,2730,469,2758,2645,595,2956,2720,-11,101,2619,37,176,2979,59,288,3048,121,591,2992,2937,1,52334,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,2,6,722,1,"SAINT MARYS (CITY OF)","ST MARYS",0,"BIT COAL",17891,"0M",1294,,,95,1250,698,645,3927,2565,332,4111,3269,140,0,0,150,0,0,150,1641,1050,490,5298,3368,489,222,149,638,1630,1068,419,4646,3274,449,4461,2807,449,4928,3119,495,2942,1,52789,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,4,2,722,1,"SAINT MARYS (CITY OF)","ST MARYS",0,"LIGHT OIL",17891,"0M",1294,,,95,1,12,318,0,0,307,28,146,352,0,0,352,0,0,352,1,4,348,59,83,428,3,8,420,1,24,396,0,0,520,1,3,518,2,6,512,2942,1,52789,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,2,6,726,1,"SHELBY (CITY OF)","SHELBY",0,"BIT COAL",17043,"0M",1294,,,95,8039,5710,300,7249,5098,300,7132,4852,300,6141,3985,300,6694,4389,300,8103,4859,300,6796,4831,300,7378,5266,0,6897,3944,300,6844,4580,300,7615,5188,300,8726,5206,300,2943,1,52637,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,726,1,"SHELBY (CITY OF)","SHELBY",0,"NAT GAS",17043,"0M",1294,,,95,134,1996,0,47,686,0,36,517,0,9,134,0,0,0,0,30,381,0,96,1415,0,11,164,0,19,230,0,41,576,0,48,685,0,44,555,0,2943,1,52637,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,3,2,726,1,"SHELBY (CITY OF)","SHELBY",0,"LIGHT OIL",17043,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,73,0,0,73,0,0,73,0,0,103,0,0,103,0,0,103,1,5,93,1,4,83,2,5,78,0,1,77,0,1,76,0,1,45,2943,1,52637,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,3,9,726,1,"SHELBY (CITY OF)","SHELBY",0,"NAT GAS",17043,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2943,1,52637,"NG","IC" 31,39,5,3,2,774,1,"WOODSFIELD (CITY OF)","WOODSFIELD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20977,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2945,1,53350,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,3,9,774,1,"WOODSFIELD (CITY OF)","WOODSFIELD",0,"NAT GAS",20977,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2945,1,53350,"NG","IC" 31,39,8,2,6,800,1,"AMER MUN POWER-OHIO INC","R GORSUCH",0,"BIT COAL",40577,"0M",1294,,,95,99037,64265,81413,104738,67228,84252,126378,79745,86718,63579,42733,100556,123281,76701,94920,115392,69307,101317,117333,72018,101225,121473,79176,86641,108722,66669,90892,126955,78956,87022,103717,67360,86260,126485,80616,78276,7286,1,58910,"BIT","ST" 31,39,8,2,9,800,1,"AMER MUN POWER-OHIO INC","R GORSUCH",0,"NAT GAS",40577,"0M",1294,,,95,1576,22702,0,1469,21157,0,638,9083,0,541,8226,0,767,10634,0,1094,14686,0,877,12191,0,505,7352,0,810,11188,0,528,7439,0,733,10544,0,821,11624,0,7286,1,58910,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,25,1,"COMMONWEALTH ED CO IND","STATE LINE",0,"BIT COAL",4111,"0M",1294,,101,95,111368,64033,111935,149730,82697,41943,169301,90886,94463,49952,30907,197006,107334,61118,203229,185763,102059,199201,147171,80912,167481,211732,117972,103696,93902,54629,131796,97942,56647,95060,141995,78255,74660,93050,52182,100094,981,4,54003,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,25,1,"COMMONWEALTH ED CO IND","STATE LINE",0,"NAT GAS",4111,"0M",1294,,101,95,6077,64670,0,5326,53012,0,4895,48146,0,1349,14775,0,4538,48258,0,4988,51500,0,4470,45645,0,4498,45907,0,2972,32243,0,3706,39699,0,5098,51893,0,3793,39849,0,981,4,54003,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,2,2,45,1,"INDIANA-KENTUCKY EL CORP","CLIFTY CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",9269,"0M",1294,,505,95,186,351,3905,152,276,3630,241,444,3700,377,692,3522,263,551,3142,200,360,3468,175,320,4005,93,171,4177,112,189,3988,183,330,3658,234,419,3925,187,321,3947,983,1,54010,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,45,1,"INDIANA-KENTUCKY EL CORP","CLIFTY CRK",0,"BIT COAL",9269,"0M",1294,,505,95,680000,340288,711560,681685,332462,794224,771872,377298,719124,715568,349771,768331,774831,394798,790608,706890,347717,739042,846234,432529,698423,836401,439085,664104,841295,424266,608234,755940,378632,751924,859900,416889,759244,867253,423226,804472,983,1,54010,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,1,,57,5,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","ELKHART",0,,9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,1650,0,0,1194,0,0,1755,0,0,1250,0,0,1341,0,0,1179,0,0,1157,0,0,1230,0,0,728,0,0,610,0,0,606,0,0,1138,0,0,986,1,57745,"WAT","HY" 32,18,1,1,,57,15,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","TWIN BRANCH",0,,9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,2749,0,0,2559,0,0,3177,0,0,3035,0,0,3169,0,0,2570,0,0,2394,0,0,2550,0,0,1769,0,0,1707,0,0,2868,0,0,2542,0,0,989,1,57745,"WAT","HY" 32,18,1,2,2,57,40,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","TANNERS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,1203,1922,5959,701,1134,5915,1180,2025,6714,1059,1682,6177,1112,1829,5848,1144,1978,6336,1259,2060,7095,1078,1912,5713,665,1191,4522,206,409,5361,886,1592,4308,1326,2011,4418,988,1,57745,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,57,40,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","TANNERS CRK",0,"BIT COAL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,432338,162155,420217,485332,183170,404434,427268,171172,375261,371083,146417,383926,364601,144830,374644,383224,158993,372917,442272,183537,275408,494886,200826,195877,151186,61682,248353,10073,4559,312659,189477,75997,327350,330050,118848,262047,988,1,57745,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,4,2,57,55,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","FOURTH ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,1025,1,57745,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,2,2,57,60,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","ROCKPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,1253,2167,36532,1335,2320,34384,3886,6841,48740,4321,7609,41131,3580,6420,34711,5662,10180,45654,3887,6888,38767,4216,7569,31198,1478,2587,28611,1002,1634,26976,690,1194,25782,1723,4126,33355,6166,1,57745,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,57,60,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","ROCKPORT",0,"BIT COAL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,1749008,1032186,1725862,1579775,933220,1565332,1339465,797497,1717887,1321428,787392,1749794,910898,553161,1861348,1507665,916281,1691338,1420244,862282,1685879,1514621,918947,1761783,1599963,954251,1694782,1691163,933949,1738612,1640828,959611,1762887,1464158,854236,1918162,6166,1,57745,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,2,63,5,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","E W STOUT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,566,1401,20541,856,1914,17945,116,609,17337,446,1143,15565,419,1038,14023,233,762,13073,334,805,11083,970,3484,18728,223,679,18049,471,1101,16948,1380,2012,14910,618,1456,13138,990,1,51394,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,63,5,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","E W STOUT",0,"BIT COAL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,194584,90056,252587,180919,84581,279836,140480,66420,317709,160947,73882,318796,235268,109052,299888,217930,103073,287645,259644,122601,267666,349367,162431,221093,272895,126479,196285,244308,112170,197708,270443,125748,220391,253279,116842,274191,990,1,51394,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,3,2,63,5,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","E W STOUT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,990,1,51394,"FO2","IC" 32,18,1,4,2,63,5,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","E W STOUT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,1107,4856,0,-42,681,0,-50,0,0,112,628,0,182,504,0,-7,189,0,293,1179,0,349,1894,0,-35,0,0,-43,0,0,-50,26,0,-11,317,0,990,1,51394,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,4,9,63,5,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","E W STOUT",0,"NAT GAS",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,1286,11256,0,10,1339,0,-53,1880,0,93,2875,0,1102,18630,0,448,8470,0,4489,66365,0,11695,166046,0,-64,3722,0,-37,1618,0,3205,49273,0,3710,54428,0,990,1,51394,"NG","GT" 32,18,1,2,2,63,15,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PERRY K",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4682,0,0,4553,0,0,4331,0,0,4301,0,0,4287,0,0,3841,0,0,3636,0,0,5062,0,0,5057,0,0,5051,0,0,5042,0,0,4762,992,1,51394,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,63,15,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PERRY K",0,"BIT COAL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,79574,-1610,0,80083,0,0,75101,0,0,73147,0,0,75348,0,0,76456,766,826,73924,340,352,74885,1152,1362,75776,0,0,74934,0,0,77090,0,0,71176,992,1,51394,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,63,15,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PERRY K",0,"NAT GAS",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,17,437,0,7,193,0,32,957,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,992,1,51394,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,5,9,63,15,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PERRY K",0,"WASTE HT",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,-782,0,0,0,0,0,1330,0,0,1056,0,0,2878,0,0,887,0,0,1971,0,0,1192,0,0,1301,0,0,1055,0,0,-372,0,0,-854,0,0,992,1,51394,"WT","CC" 32,18,1,2,2,63,20,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PERRY W",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,-49,0,697,-71,0,697,-71,0,697,-67,0,697,-59,0,697,-46,0,697,-51,0,697,-47,0,697,-42,0,697,-44,0,697,-59,0,697,-65,0,697,993,1,51394,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,63,20,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PERRY W",0,"NAT GAS",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,993,1,51394,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,5,9,63,20,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PERRY W",0,"WASTE HT",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,993,1,51394,"WH","CC" 32,18,1,2,2,63,23,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PETERSBURG",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,610,1111,6386,445,819,5517,317,533,4940,401,748,8963,2218,4082,4553,637,1151,5787,377,687,4945,1822,3221,6367,801,1483,4763,545,999,3635,1447,2637,5880,1975,3581,4564,994,1,51394,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,63,23,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PETERSBURG",0,"BIT COAL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,1040025,481608,951198,910590,421941,973809,942914,432679,1023657,783657,368727,1096578,667135,315158,1184238,973163,448245,1179213,992610,460767,1051137,936517,439379,945966,722162,339012,925268,812107,376653,886087,794558,370468,820716,931266,431118,719090,994,1,51394,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,3,2,63,23,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PETERSBURG",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,2,5,0,0,0,0,25,44,0,102,178,0,189,328,0,45,76,0,52,90,0,74,131,0,46,80,0,67,116,0,39,43,0,31,78,0,994,1,51394,"FO2","IC" 32,18,1,2,2,63,25,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","H T PRTCHRD",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,318,680,5661,350,656,4975,104,195,4685,436,902,7879,417,829,7014,283,586,6386,443,914,5445,1802,3787,7417,307,627,7108,203,431,6547,316,654,5835,499,993,4785,991,1,51394,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,63,25,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","H T PRTCHRD",0,"BIT COAL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,39918,21829,172846,38399,18739,164110,25730,13890,166007,31554,16614,192907,62657,32105,189004,38978,20477,189810,89346,46785,168301,129720,68988,123731,61410,31642,119624,29705,15920,161259,67519,35572,171574,68221,34547,157787,991,1,51394,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,3,2,63,25,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","H T PRTCHRD",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,10,18,0,10,18,0,11,19,0,10,19,0,10,19,0,10,18,0,9,18,0,10,18,0,9,18,0,3,5,0,10,11,0,10,16,0,991,1,51394,"FO2","IC" 32,18,1,1,,97,25,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","NORWAY",0,,13756,"0M",1294,,,95,2951,0,0,1754,0,0,3112,0,0,3813,0,0,3505,0,0,2903,0,0,2206,0,0,1230,0,0,509,0,0,-5,0,0,935,0,0,741,0,0,998,1,52101,"WAT","HY" 32,18,1,1,,97,30,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","OAKDALE",0,,13756,"0M",1294,,,95,4302,0,0,2658,0,0,4495,0,0,5358,0,0,4552,0,0,4225,0,0,3387,0,0,1840,0,0,1214,0,0,492,0,0,1566,0,0,1435,0,0,999,1,52101,"WAT","HY" 32,18,1,2,5,97,35,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","BAILLY",0,"COKE",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,995,1,52101,"PC","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,97,35,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","BAILLY",0,"BIT COAL",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,255092,122559,79738,278804,133215,33213,188964,93227,81145,300874,140721,83750,249838,120767,64124,246937,117749,44162,235477,114020,45186,281196,134308,37119,206770,100042,54350,171878,84048,49037,248313,118863,34340,215434,105042,32995,995,1,52101,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,97,35,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","BAILLY",0,"NAT GAS",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,2509,26046,0,1617,16709,0,6960,74244,0,364,3631,0,132,1380,0,473,4895,0,3976,41921,0,11155,116087,0,295,3099,0,9000,94567,0,731,7651,0,10008,106430,0,995,1,52101,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,4,2,97,35,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","BAILLY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,995,1,52101,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,4,9,97,35,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","BAILLY",0,"NAT GAS",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,260,4325,0,239,4585,0,197,4652,0,73,729,0,0,0,0,128,2648,0,1309,27718,0,1556,27641,0,86,2797,0,94,990,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,995,1,52101,"NG","GT" 32,18,1,2,6,97,50,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","MICH CITY",0,"BIT COAL",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,236420,123317,103301,234123,120234,148075,251278,135807,162546,205743,116541,177892,112253,67389,170049,124057,76284,129959,232893,135633,114125,231506,135299,93596,234187,129907,86183,254454,138881,100596,227408,129965,87044,241351,131616,87326,997,1,52101,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,97,50,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","MICH CITY",0,"NAT GAS",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,22888,245981,0,12315,127428,0,7313,77250,0,2223,23885,0,17374,195664,0,14491,167133,0,33790,372448,0,46983,516773,0,57,601,0,277,2894,0,14761,158089,0,7779,81844,0,997,1,52101,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,97,54,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","D MITCHELL",0,"BIT COAL",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,145857,82802,116751,116897,65893,113729,119863,69185,152487,141199,84936,154502,149654,87531,159194,148998,85732,121077,153374,92272,109798,153611,89672,90907,105137,61906,133520,134131,77926,126283,118138,72811,149593,119904,77033,120350,996,1,52101,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,97,54,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","D MITCHELL",0,"NAT GAS",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,9050,99836,0,19988,219179,0,4693,51173,0,2044,22775,0,681,7679,0,15253,169699,0,31855,357533,0,49912,561059,0,1836,21192,0,688,7733,0,17585,198980,0,12007,137527,0,996,1,52101,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,4,2,97,54,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","D MITCHELL",0,"LIGHT OIL",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,996,1,52101,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,4,9,97,54,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","D MITCHELL",0,"NAT GAS",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,62,1005,0,19,314,0,61,972,0,59,947,0,23,381,0,1109,18451,0,787,13562,0,0,0,0,17,200,0,19,316,0,40,614,0,996,1,52101,"NG","GT" 32,18,1,2,2,97,60,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","SCHAHFER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6085,1,52101,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,5,97,60,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","SCHAHFER",0,"COKE",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5680,2361,3668,16726,6787,383,17831,7291,7,6085,1,52101,"PC","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,97,60,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","SCHAHFER",0,"BIT COAL",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,535261,312105,335057,389163,229937,440028,546548,302317,415959,448635,246990,395514,597050,350998,454670,756850,452731,337454,682007,398333,335076,754511,435319,290970,649742,383628,258615,683709,390480,291948,637992,357548,247219,681946,380639,238033,6085,1,52101,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,97,60,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","SCHAHFER",0,"NAT GAS",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,3899,42407,0,6373,71396,0,4950,53485,0,5022,55321,0,9160,101163,0,8473,94946,0,11416,127138,0,11318,127241,0,6765,76948,0,5330,59832,0,10465,114654,0,16610,183389,0,6085,1,52101,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,4,2,97,60,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","SCHAHFER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6085,1,52101,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,4,9,97,60,"NORTHERN IND PUB SERV CO","SCHAHFER",0,"NAT GAS",13756,"0M",1294,,,95,723,10302,0,782,11325,0,1650,23018,0,308,4700,0,805,15657,0,1994,32783,0,15126,225451,0,13726,215839,0,142,2242,0,733,10618,0,280,4262,0,601,10905,0,6085,1,52101,"NG","GT" 32,18,1,1,,115,10,"PSI ENERGY, INC","MARKLAND",0,,15470,"0M",1294,,,95,25874,0,0,30535,0,0,30427,0,0,34190,0,0,21420,0,0,33483,0,0,37429,0,0,31238,0,0,21329,0,0,31723,0,0,32028,0,0,33480,0,0,1005,1,52410,"WAT","HY" 32,18,1,2,2,115,20,"PSI ENERGY, INC","CAYUGA",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,132,235,5513,571,1037,4367,530,968,3231,360,648,6046,1268,2286,3656,1673,3058,5188,191,340,4690,456,897,3714,450,808,2757,116,203,4365,648,1159,3695,1043,1890,4595,1001,1,52410,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,115,20,"PSI ENERGY, INC","CAYUGA",0,"BIT COAL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,560086,260374,595374,436002,205588,619769,507290,241920,579748,458167,216960,558238,273942,132145,579528,461324,222630,594519,529339,250671,586438,553167,264792,531310,481498,229472,498542,556861,260068,435186,538773,254635,379746,560196,264529,360124,1001,1,52410,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,3,2,115,20,"PSI ENERGY, INC","CAYUGA",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,52,94,835,80,146,689,46,85,604,32,59,546,48,87,793,40,74,719,187,332,719,345,632,893,44,79,814,57,100,714,46,83,810,52,95,715,1001,1,52410,"FO2","IC" 32,18,1,4,2,115,20,"PSI ENERGY, INC","CAYUGA",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,94,169,5321,0,0,5313,0,0,5287,0,0,5295,9,17,5278,0,0,5274,0,0,5261,0,0,5256,0,0,5278,0,0,5291,0,0,5304,0,0,5321,1001,1,52410,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,4,9,115,20,"PSI ENERGY, INC","CAYUGA",0,"NAT GAS",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,2346,23310,0,1913,19353,0,1506,15557,0,1635,16714,0,1240,12674,0,4044,41468,0,15842,159433,0,18202,212550,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2097,21202,0,3527,35908,0,1001,1,52410,"NG","GT" 32,18,1,2,2,115,30,"PSI ENERGY, INC","EDWARDSPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,209,496,4820,64,150,4672,155,373,4297,0,0,4295,0,0,4292,97,238,4052,689,1571,2481,2502,5818,2869,342,868,2002,0,0,2002,0,0,1997,147,370,1625,1004,1,52410,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,115,30,"PSI ENERGY, INC","EDWARDSPORT",0,"BIT COAL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,17730,11048,72080,19934,11948,70647,12688,8051,74559,-527,0,75232,-535,0,75232,15454,10259,64973,35050,21901,43072,52741,33340,15650,4173,2912,38766,-602,0,62015,-609,0,63195,16335,10947,52274,1004,1,52410,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,2,115,32,"PSI ENERGY, INC","R GALLAGHER",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,2035,3891,1605,1454,2810,1394,1851,3297,1699,1757,3179,1643,2068,3708,1567,1765,3297,1717,1740,3339,1643,1698,3478,1699,628,1171,1662,1918,3473,1772,1054,1957,1432,2452,4557,1662,1008,1,52410,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,115,32,"PSI ENERGY, INC","R GALLAGHER",0,"BIT COAL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,228795,101724,280677,208492,94433,264483,157312,68908,321856,177541,78622,327010,219815,95103,325222,282888,123689,301473,287606,128632,273012,307948,143686,219622,142108,60394,233330,173570,72509,241738,224846,92953,254240,214410,90070,255848,1008,1,52410,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,2,115,35,"PSI ENERGY, INC","NOBLESVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,51,112,562,83,160,505,48,112,674,66,152,531,0,0,490,110,229,643,81,169,664,55,117,548,22,64,674,58,167,474,0,43,548,34,71,476,1007,1,52410,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,115,35,"PSI ENERGY, INC","NOBLESVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,11044,6031,55495,9455,4868,50627,3897,2460,49399,4036,2484,49078,-19,344,48734,11688,6456,42278,26318,14879,27399,34289,19561,18825,965,758,32438,3085,2324,49315,-104,155,61612,12274,6417,55744,1007,1,52410,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,2,115,38,"PSI ENERGY, INC","WABASH RIVR",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,2430,4476,2106,1459,2739,2128,1389,2692,1967,1849,3579,2218,1434,2758,1631,681,1290,2176,1683,3263,2148,2465,4797,2269,945,1807,2338,1000,1900,2380,729,1435,2430,2010,3862,1720,1010,1,52410,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,115,38,"PSI ENERGY, INC","WABASH RIVR",0,"BIT COAL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,269453,126688,229629,237554,115161,230254,111825,56100,288778,84991,42415,325474,75621,37146,348471,305101,147377,290801,239625,122121,244288,280979,141633,160506,165651,82144,169356,117517,58071,210036,143505,72409,218547,185588,91761,206945,1010,1,52410,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,3,2,115,38,"PSI ENERGY, INC","WABASH RIVR",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,22,41,295,6,12,283,29,57,226,36,71,155,22,43,283,17,33,250,46,91,336,25,50,286,1,2,283,16,31,37,14,29,343,5,10,333,1010,1,52410,"FO2","IC" 32,18,1,3,2,115,40,"PSI ENERGY, INC","MIAMI WBASH",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,-10,953,9190,166,743,8447,-197,894,7552,-39,60,7493,16,281,7212,81,612,6600,891,3627,5277,1034,3669,3913,-3,92,3821,-25,12,3809,-92,165,3644,-114,427,3217,1006,1,52410,"FO2","IC" 32,18,1,4,2,115,43,"PSI ENERGY, INC","CONNERSVILE",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,598,1430,6151,267,338,5812,185,528,5284,-1,88,5196,74,91,5105,363,946,4160,1734,3950,0,1728,5143,7132,123,299,6833,35,74,6797,36,197,6601,68,309,6291,1002,1,52410,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,2,2,115,47,"PSI ENERGY, INC","GIBSON STA",0,"LIGHT OIL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,3573,6225,8026,3627,6211,8525,2908,4962,6089,2299,3933,7385,2638,4537,9046,4608,8201,6236,1193,2069,8692,1020,1752,9495,2262,3909,8491,2394,4067,6679,1306,2237,7725,1788,3105,5067,6113,1,52410,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,115,47,"PSI ENERGY, INC","GIBSON STA",0,"BIT COAL",15470,"0M",1294,,,95,1411040,662768,2861774,1615449,737476,2742578,1641475,746285,2737505,1326993,600387,2789580,1389674,630387,2844473,1353290,632853,2819275,1781130,810634,2543921,1880261,844888,2374175,1610199,724136,2280260,1401722,620957,2297336,1703790,761235,2101523,1647889,748548,1888232,6113,1,52410,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,4,2,127,1,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","BROADWAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,0,0,801,1011,1,52727,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,4,9,127,1,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","BROADWAY",0,"NAT GAS",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,108,1488,0,31,496,0,72,936,0,66,992,0,675,9932,0,358,9922,0,3822,54621,0,11701,173627,0,131,4946,0,181,9912,0,586,4959,0,0,0,0,1011,1,52727,"NG","GT" 32,18,1,2,2,127,3,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","CULLEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,350,0,0,350,0,0,350,0,0,350,0,0,350,0,0,250,0,0,250,0,0,250,0,0,250,0,0,250,0,0,250,0,0,250,1012,1,52727,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,127,3,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","CULLEY",0,"BIT COAL",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,122067,60600,138140,167988,82419,159735,169634,79436,181228,114459,53639,191704,165848,81055,168418,184693,87570,154235,207611,100070,138520,218589,105190,134359,160446,77417,139667,174664,86907,135057,217251,106316,124021,205575,102713,115674,1012,1,52727,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,127,3,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","CULLEY",0,"NAT GAS",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,285,3090,0,126,1344,0,136,1410,0,300,3116,0,121,1311,0,107,1123,0,101,1082,0,285,3040,0,412,4406,0,312,3443,0,180,1935,0,153,1681,0,1012,1,52727,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,4,9,127,9,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","NORTHEAST",0,"NAT GAS",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,24,992,0,48,5399,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,22,2492,0,0,0,0,562,10295,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,23,3023,0,26,4467,0,1013,1,52727,"NG","GT" 32,18,1,2,6,127,20,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","WARRICK",0,"BIT COAL",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,95617,41510,100212,86572,39259,87257,96250,42312,89684,93020,40228,97629,96270,44344,83127,82739,38242,69870,89329,39892,44260,100497,44406,41656,97103,42826,35874,28941,12332,66823,92060,41077,55982,99718,45727,57793,6705,1,52727,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,127,20,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","WARRICK",0,"NAT GAS",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,27,261,0,112,1120,0,11,112,0,29,276,0,5,50,0,0,0,0,136,1318,0,83,796,0,0,0,0,295,2822,0,57,575,0,62,639,0,6705,1,52727,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,2,2,127,25,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","BROWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,1712,0,0,1437,0,0,2186,0,0,2151,0,0,1998,0,0,1988,0,0,2336,0,0,2336,0,0,2336,0,0,2336,0,0,2175,0,0,2175,6137,1,52727,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,127,25,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","BROWN",0,"BIT COAL",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,217766,95613,450544,147685,72927,476200,218223,106171,479883,196964,85661,485255,182235,86959,499237,216954,101195,498135,247301,113099,429991,275892,131703,360852,177911,84026,286413,238026,112468,229493,139223,67172,246596,170321,82481,189492,6137,1,52727,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,127,25,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","BROWN",0,"NAT GAS",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,728,7231,0,709,7962,0,465,5154,0,1271,12486,0,681,7404,0,869,9196,0,829,8558,0,910,9792,0,91,976,0,1005,9912,0,462,4959,0,1013,10609,0,6137,1,52727,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,4,2,127,25,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","BROWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,139,275,0,10,21,0,20,35,0,75,144,0,155,289,0,4,9,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,84,161,0,0,0,0,6137,1,52727,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,4,9,127,25,"SOUTHERN INDIANA G & E CO","BROWN",0,"NAT GAS",17633,"0M",1294,,,95,371,3684,0,237,2668,0,72,799,0,244,2399,0,872,9478,0,725,7671,0,3499,36107,0,8313,89423,0,835,8917,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,115,1208,0,6137,1,52727,"NG","GT" 32,18,5,3,2,529,15,"BLUFFTON (CITY OF)","BLUFFTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",1896,"0A",1294,,,95,1,60,1391,2,67,1322,61,54,1600,8,70,1533,12,90,1444,17,90,1361,5,46,0,16,58,1746,9,46,1693,5,45,1674,1,9,1658,1,20,1637,1023,1,54077,"FO2","IC" 32,18,5,3,9,529,15,"BLUFFTON (CITY OF)","BLUFFTON",0,"NAT GAS",1896,"0A",1294,,,95,252,951,0,283,1047,0,187,936,0,252,888,0,327,1129,0,322,1124,0,21,749,0,165,1201,0,79,956,0,14,141,0,8,282,0,62,1131,0,1023,1,54077,"NG","IC" 32,18,5,2,6,552,1,"CRAWFORDSVILLE (CITY OF)","CRAWFRDVIL",0,"BIT COAL",4508,"M",1294,,,95,2633,2217,2514,2446,2032,2094,1890,1637,1012,0,12,1693,0,9,2211,497,408,1961,0,0,1961,1383,1034,1775,0,0,2801,0,0,2783,0,0,2783,2446,2070,2457,1024,1,50698,"BIT","ST" 32,18,5,2,9,552,1,"CTAWFORDSVILLE (CITY OF)","CRAWFRDVIL",0,"NAT GAS",4508,"M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,11,198,0,0,9,0,25,397,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1024,1,50698,"NG","ST" 32,18,5,3,2,552,1,"CRAWFORDSVILLE (CITY OF)","CRAWFRDVIL",0,"LIGHT OIL",4508,"M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1024,1,50698,"FO2","IC" 32,18,5,2,6,601,1,"JASPER (CITY OF)","JASPER",0,"BIT COAL",9667,"0A",1294,,,95,5717,4616,631,5399,3895,631,5890,4398,631,2952,2186,631,3065,2373,631,5988,4375,631,5621,4191,631,2798,2138,631,0,0,1075,5001,3514,1051,5782,4146,1096,5466,4050,1096,6225,1,51443,"BIT","ST" 32,18,5,2,9,601,1,"JASPER (CITY OF)","JASPER",0,"NAT GAS",9667,"0A",1294,,,95,20,339,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,16,267,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,14,206,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6225,1,51443,"NG","ST" 32,18,5,2,6,622,1,"LOGANSPORT (CITY OF)","LOGANSPORT",0,"BIT COAL",11142,"0M",1294,,,95,16294,10401,3093,15182,9658,2825,130,68,5257,0,0,7057,2842,2773,7049,15721,9566,3565,18496,9015,1600,18517,10895,1421,17032,9835,4095,8771,5557,5126,12606,7370,5733,23315,13078,934,1032,1,51681,"BIT","ST" 32,18,5,4,2,622,1,"LOGANSPORT (CITY OF)","LOGANSPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11142,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,0,0,1887,1032,1,51681,"FO2","GT" 32,18,5,4,9,622,1,"LOGANSPORT (CITY OF)","LOGANSPORT",0,"NAT GAS",11142,"0M",1294,,,95,127,2771,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,75,2842,0,0,0,0,217,5351,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1032,1,51681,"NG","GT" 32,18,5,2,2,658,1,"PERU UTILITIES","PERU",0,"LIGHT OIL",14839,"0M",1294,,,95,2,7,60,0,0,40,0,0,29,0,0,45,0,0,42,0,0,89,0,0,89,28,62,123,2,6,104,0,0,104,0,0,64,0,0,58,1037,1,52298,"FO2","ST" 32,18,5,2,6,658,1,"PERU UTILITIES","PERU",0,"BIT COAL",14839,"0M",1294,,,95,597,409,462,0,0,462,0,0,462,0,0,462,0,0,462,0,0,664,0,0,664,4138,2475,1193,1602,1122,71,0,0,71,0,0,71,0,0,71,1037,1,52298,"BIT","ST" 32,18,5,3,2,666,1,"RENSSELAER (CITY OF)","RENSSELAER",0,"LIGHT OIL",15860,"0A",1294,,,95,0,5,507,0,4,492,0,0,385,0,0,376,42,89,635,0,0,624,11,22,610,10,24,577,13,25,557,13,33,523,18,34,485,12,25,448,1038,1,52461,"FO2","IC" 32,18,5,3,9,666,1,"RENSSELAER (CITY OF)","RENSSELAER",0,"NAT GAS",15860,"0A",1294,,,95,12,2242,0,5,609,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1038,1,52461,"NG","IC" 32,18,5,2,2,669,10,"RICHMOND (CITY OF)","WHITEWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",15989,"0M",1294,,,95,66,135,651,4,9,642,11,23,618,36,75,544,43,89,455,36,75,380,33,65,315,24,51,800,38,79,721,40,84,637,125,241,754,33,67,866,1040,1,52479,"FO2","ST" 32,18,5,2,6,669,10,"RICHMOND (CITY OF)","WHITEWATER",0,"BIT COAL",15989,"0M",1294,,,95,52567,26931,66546,54464,27521,59857,50869,26046,61570,37981,19323,61813,34761,18221,70185,50812,25880,63189,54367,27836,58351,55464,28592,56536,47367,24058,57432,31433,16236,61431,49216,24827,57518,55122,27935,65411,1040,1,52479,"BIT","ST" 32,18,8,2,2,849,5,"HOOSIER ENERGY RURAL","RATTS",0,"LIGHT OIL",9267,"0M",1294,,,95,36,63,331,24,42,427,57,99,328,82,143,185,157,271,264,220,383,175,69,123,225,64,116,273,67,119,314,72,130,300,169,298,360,213,374,345,1043,1,51339,"FO2","ST" 32,18,8,2,6,849,5,"HOOSIER ENERGY RURAL","RATTS",0,"BIT COAL",9267,"0M",1294,,,95,152672,68804,12521,138850,61631,20613,120820,54271,33350,149240,67046,34059,138601,62960,37387,104185,47642,37604,152193,70371,29049,149047,69157,33970,133611,61143,30823,84154,38731,32856,131727,59094,30160,146986,66592,32432,1043,1,51339,"BIT","ST" 32,18,8,2,2,849,10,"HOOSIER ENERGY RURAL","MEROM",0,"LIGHT OIL",9267,"0M",1294,,,95,195,354,6014,19,38,10415,677,1227,9188,41,76,9112,1799,3447,5664,1764,3378,7059,771,1387,5672,508,946,4725,1207,2219,7281,584,1062,6218,468,838,10208,592,1063,9145,6213,1,51339,"FO2","ST" 32,18,8,2,6,849,10,"HOOSIER ENERGY RURAL","MEROM",0,"BIT COAL",9267,"0M",1294,,,95,462676,222254,448322,417644,215416,460946,384780,184640,471566,246060,116767,519358,230592,116155,570294,429927,213604,544280,462605,221660,492415,499492,244053,429843,353022,171326,433018,376476,178855,429945,480027,227666,396833,503880,236844,364841,6213,1,51339,"BIT","ST" 32,18,9,4,2,900,5,"INDIANA MUN POWER AGENCY","ANDERSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",9234,"0M",1294,,,95,19,44,5010,33,68,4942,40,82,4860,14,24,4835,7,12,4824,25,62,4762,0,1,4761,1,4,4757,0,0,4757,14,27,4730,3,9,4721,10,13,4708,7336,1,19234,"FO2","GT" 32,18,9,4,9,900,5,"INDIANA MUN POWER AGENCY","ANDERSON",0,"NAT GAS",9234,"0M",1294,,,95,53,772,0,54,717,0,199,2578,0,66,914,0,31,416,0,481,7593,0,2482,36348,0,6354,89340,0,94,1557,0,64,1343,0,36,450,0,47,750,0,7336,1,19234,"NG","GT" 33,17,1,2,2,29,5,"CENTRAL ILLINOIS LIGHT CO","E D EDWARDS",0,"LIGHT OIL",3252,"0M",1294,,,95,580,979,551,369,645,642,581,1050,511,539,979,621,777,1362,571,696,1201,688,793,1392,574,425,792,507,571,980,634,610,991,501,329,558,506,455,759,491,856,4,50485,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,29,5,"CENTRAL ILLINOIS LIGHT CO","E D EDWARDS",0,"BIT COAL",3252,"0M",1294,,,95,278723,111505,170727,240983,94522,156151,283715,115017,142278,219332,90164,180893,314512,130292,145461,303524,124741,120263,294912,127410,143742,416665,181855,115286,215994,93604,136103,343831,139588,97044,284797,118784,138306,257830,101322,144327,856,4,50485,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,4,9,29,12,"CENTRAL ILLINOIS LIGHT CO","STERLING AV",0,"NAT GAS",3252,"0M",1294,,,95,91,1361,0,30,486,0,29,443,0,29,495,0,28,483,0,114,1973,0,236,4614,0,495,8477,0,62,1057,0,60,926,0,32,555,0,79,1259,0,860,4,50485,"NG","GT" 33,17,1,2,2,29,20,"CENTRAL ILLINOIS LIGHT CO","DUCK CREEK",0,"LIGHT OIL",3252,"0M",1294,,,95,464,794,607,155,264,573,38,67,506,39,69,437,368,658,640,47,83,557,76,135,598,252,429,597,203,353,523,461,865,374,191,334,581,221,383,548,6016,4,50485,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,29,20,"CENTRAL ILLINOIS LIGHT CO","DUCK CREEK",0,"BIT COAL",3252,"0M",1294,,,95,186107,88236,146013,184996,85972,174445,212342,99989,207941,178133,85191,199728,101736,49494,191824,209741,99840,163763,218825,104416,121412,182815,87426,161492,205874,98086,126656,49432,25199,182072,221479,104789,147984,208001,98018,120664,6016,4,50485,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,9,29,25,"CENTRAL ILLINOIS LIGHT CO","MIDWEST GRN",0,"NAT GAS",3252,"0M",694,"A",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1987,12379,0,4809,36302,0,4873,33446,0,2693,19047,0,0,0,0,3046,22292,0,4051,25863,0,7384,4,50485,"NG","ST" 33,17,1,2,2,32,2,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","COFFEEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,281,528,4129,159,291,4010,394,749,4105,523,1002,3949,771,1637,3876,506,903,4329,271,491,4241,39,71,3944,249,436,4034,521,930,3986,417,729,4572,962,1745,3927,861,4,50486,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,32,2,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","COFFEEN",0,"BIT COAL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,365821,196265,250663,291393,151752,268915,248792,134522,254062,79012,43562,287270,49602,29698,377234,331239,171527,392358,397070,207104,345747,370867,195382,346249,139189,69530,387149,251535,126615,387760,291764,143554,406398,266300,137380,362886,861,4,50486,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,2,32,5,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","GRAND TOWER",0,"LIGHT OIL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,146,294,559,222,423,494,139,267,578,60,171,742,-59,75,667,310,600,753,324,626,481,405,753,769,154,287,834,78,162,672,389,761,607,217,428,533,862,4,50486,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,32,5,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","GRAND TOWER",0,"BIT COAL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,19817,10029,48685,18173,8634,59296,12650,6089,70908,3933,2772,73473,-503,161,78207,17238,8399,74696,44644,21400,58784,77238,35607,26412,11609,5363,31994,11150,5893,34133,57466,27803,19044,47800,23991,32368,862,4,50486,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,2,32,10,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","HUTSONVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,72,148,1592,254,501,1092,252,532,1126,117,284,1556,421,883,1560,398,781,1662,440,832,1760,236,429,1331,196,323,1008,158,382,1338,346,655,1437,140,264,1173,863,4,50486,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,32,10,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","HUTSONVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,17493,9580,55605,13103,6803,61393,11330,6319,65444,3457,2220,70186,6929,4012,73260,18641,9997,71065,43752,22295,48771,75386,37255,19363,5801,2524,33120,7107,4480,39773,44924,22754,26665,48938,24435,23714,863,4,50486,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,3,2,32,10,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","HUTSONVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,5,10,124,0,0,126,0,0,130,5,9,121,5,9,106,0,0,106,15,30,72,10,21,233,0,0,229,0,0,228,5,9,225,0,0,227,863,4,50486,"FO2","IC" 33,17,1,2,2,32,15,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","MEREDOSIA",0,"LIGHT OIL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,276,524,1245,240,455,1295,109,257,1541,576,1050,1518,264,464,1396,272,471,1722,478,864,1170,665,1188,1390,137,250,1672,104,202,1469,-609,0,1671,636,1140,1388,864,4,50486,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,3,32,15,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","MEREDOSIA",0,"HEAVY OIL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,-878,0,41246,-869,0,41246,-953,0,41246,-789,0,41246,-6,0,41246,1105,5986,35342,1753,6017,29342,6547,17169,22153,-808,333,23977,-646,0,42084,996,1890,42084,-711,0,42084,864,4,50486,"FO6","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,32,15,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","MEREDOSIA",0,"BIT COAL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,66774,32586,105182,41839,21008,131939,15303,9402,148998,70146,32222,148546,91295,40883,144840,111244,50699,134953,137571,64325,109649,184516,85228,55561,77698,37291,62196,86881,43240,73623,78143,41045,82454,97009,48373,93368,864,4,50486,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,2,32,20,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","NEWTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,844,1577,4500,512,956,5160,1182,2043,4716,553,984,5869,379,679,5723,681,1231,5199,190,328,5578,942,1748,4784,746,1331,5217,282,508,5420,60,105,5315,649,3661,4337,6017,4,50486,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,32,20,"CENTRAL ILL PUBLIC SER CO","NEWTON",0,"BIT COAL",3253,"0M",1294,,,95,556271,262272,366063,518547,246265,373901,546762,245831,417351,503402,237591,446819,516641,244361,536330,468640,219703,623301,560024,252360,476964,466441,225593,612105,491641,228921,632582,454181,204761,666122,359030,160358,746315,378431,180592,722338,6017,4,50486,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,1,,41,1,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","DIXON",0,,4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,1217,0,0,1001,0,0,1400,0,0,1473,0,0,1443,0,0,1109,0,0,1264,0,0,1341,0,0,1211,0,0,1365,0,0,1603,0,0,1067,0,0,868,4,50643,"WAT","HY" 33,17,1,2,1,41,1,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","QUAD CITIES",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,265985,0,0,516483,0,0,563772,0,0,556271,0,0,570166,0,0,541658,0,0,537742,0,0,552522,0,0,533277,0,0,383182,0,0,293985,0,0,571167,0,0,880,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,1,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","BRAIDWOOD",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,845089,0,0,487988,0,0,443133,0,0,527594,0,0,838888,0,0,802928,0,0,825056,0,0,825520,0,0,701927,0,0,-9715,0,0,-10027,0,0,307159,0,0,6022,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,1,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","BYRON",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,766116,0,0,735235,0,0,817602,0,0,779568,0,0,804172,0,0,742334,0,0,790248,0,0,800198,0,0,786058,0,0,542611,0,0,-9310,0,0,142399,0,0,6023,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,1,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","LASALLE CTY",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,813809,0,0,531418,0,0,813835,0,0,788528,0,0,782478,0,0,561931,0,0,750639,0,0,609485,0,0,617973,0,0,773354,0,0,684375,0,0,641459,0,0,6026,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,1,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","ZION",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,777628,0,0,706122,0,0,778794,0,0,744367,0,0,679639,0,0,751346,0,0,778214,0,0,771971,0,0,190946,0,0,-8633,0,0,-8349,0,0,290089,0,0,885,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,2,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","ZION",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,62829,0,0,-7517,0,0,-8823,0,0,214602,0,0,763695,0,0,707962,0,0,768388,0,0,745403,0,0,742149,0,0,737928,0,0,708434,0,0,471011,0,0,885,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,2,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","LASALLE CTY",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,805795,0,0,433271,0,0,-8184,0,0,-8016,0,0,-8927,0,0,375943,0,0,773928,0,0,744199,0,0,446327,0,0,816638,0,0,792434,0,0,804502,0,0,6026,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,2,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","BYRON",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,753651,0,0,166639,0,0,50362,0,0,767250,0,0,824285,0,0,786866,0,0,797334,0,0,811901,0,0,764206,0,0,832898,0,0,804540,0,0,823838,0,0,6023,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,2,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","BRAIDWOOD",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,839335,0,0,759006,0,0,840028,0,0,777131,0,0,635751,0,0,794146,0,0,802182,0,0,795885,0,0,801537,0,0,846700,0,0,810185,0,0,831152,0,0,6022,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,2,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","QUAD CITIES",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,501116,0,0,453211,0,0,58157,0,0,-5752,0,0,-5952,0,0,-5994,0,0,-6618,0,0,93771,0,0,422180,0,0,318808,0,0,77988,0,0,571746,0,0,880,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,2,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","DRESDEN",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,535595,0,0,493244,0,0,81638,0,0,302574,0,0,449851,0,0,27639,0,0,-3615,0,0,-4287,0,0,-5566,0,0,-5704,0,0,-5672,0,0,-5963,0,0,869,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,41,3,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","DRESDEN",0,"NUCLEAR",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,420814,0,0,506779,0,0,533907,0,0,467390,0,0,432429,0,0,-5060,0,0,-3401,0,0,-3807,0,0,41448,0,0,138092,0,0,358426,0,0,577978,0,0,869,4,50643,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,4,2,41,4,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","BLOOM",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,0,0,15589,0,0,15589,69,87,15502,0,0,15495,0,0,15495,0,0,15475,146,497,14951,792,2784,12167,0,0,15755,0,0,15755,0,0,15755,1,3,15739,865,4,50643,"FO2","GT" 33,17,1,4,2,41,6,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","CALUMET",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,0,0,16437,0,0,16437,0,0,16437,145,127,16310,0,0,16310,0,0,16310,593,2028,14281,508,1365,12917,0,0,15298,0,0,15298,0,0,15298,0,0,15298,866,4,50643,"FO2","GT" 33,17,1,4,9,41,6,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","CALUMET",0,"NAT GAS",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,0,0,0,68,1045,0,0,8,0,0,0,0,62,540,0,0,0,0,2902,56071,0,3743,56299,0,1,46,0,106,1474,0,29,760,0,0,0,0,866,4,50643,"NG","GT" 33,17,1,2,6,41,10,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","CRAWFORD",0,"BIT COAL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,79127,52566,254284,56492,34236,247898,154770,96060,204338,157819,95401,178999,77964,50034,154295,195593,125311,78949,167051,106642,75986,220876,140947,52693,111791,74002,178401,100936,63677,173394,171688,108863,144620,107184,68961,169485,867,4,50643,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,9,41,10,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","CRAWFORD",0,"NAT GAS",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,4191,46278,0,3822,41541,0,6151,66002,0,6881,74296,0,3205,34575,0,3676,39819,0,4307,47007,0,11765,128609,0,2943,33297,0,3202,34374,0,2534,27690,0,3684,42386,0,867,4,50643,"NG","ST" 33,17,1,4,2,41,10,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","CRAWFORD",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,39,239,11718,31,208,15427,7,85,15342,60,196,15146,0,0,15146,145,654,14492,207,1709,12783,90,287,12496,0,0,12495,0,0,12495,5,41,12453,0,0,12451,867,4,50643,"FO2","GT" 33,17,1,4,9,41,10,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","CRAWFORD",0,"NAT GAS",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,99,3367,0,462,10721,0,90,6128,0,496,8920,0,41,832,0,2338,60078,0,1956,92769,0,6353,117178,0,232,23469,0,130,22477,0,606,26280,0,716,38106,0,867,4,50643,"NG","GT" 33,17,1,2,2,41,16,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","JOLIET",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,874,4,50643,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,41,16,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","JOLIET",0,"BIT COAL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,122495,69041,120326,93234,54624,109729,118689,69742,107396,119799,68307,78398,7077,4459,86216,111744,65001,89393,128830,75618,81101,97034,56642,114450,105402,58755,119892,105052,56846,73967,38927,23143,87158,80786,46625,136310,874,4,50643,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,9,41,16,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","JOLIET",0,"NAT GAS",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,2191,22095,0,1467,15220,0,2310,24340,0,2244,23500,0,166,1970,0,2208,24000,0,2239,22730,0,1106,11930,0,1732,18230,0,1439,14430,0,1402,15430,0,1598,17620,0,874,4,50643,"NG","ST" 33,17,1,3,2,41,16,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","JOLIET",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,28,24,0,19,36,0,26,24,0,38,121,0,42,65,0,45,88,0,191,342,0,177,323,0,43,60,8,25,36,0,50,114,0,33,48,0,874,4,50643,"FO2","IC" 33,17,1,4,2,41,16,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","JOLIET",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,0,0,12982,0,0,12946,0,0,13461,0,0,13339,0,0,11260,0,0,11071,56,101,11058,0,0,11182,0,0,11123,0,0,11087,0,0,11349,0,0,11301,874,4,50643,"FO2","GT" 33,17,1,4,9,41,16,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","JOLIET",0,"NAT GAS",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1395,27871,0,8945,90787,0,8183,223338,0,866,13196,0,229,3746,0,131,5138,0,234,3377,0,874,4,50643,"NG","GT" 33,17,1,2,2,41,17,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","JOLIET 7&8",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,384,4,50643,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,41,17,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","JOLIET 7&8",0,"BIT COAL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,520241,284540,251012,441016,243169,314690,475210,271066,278538,286729,169187,274394,417122,253105,368822,380291,234398,349806,434794,265270,338716,502962,304953,251022,375036,226403,245187,274949,166801,229512,204177,119561,295972,195022,118007,392005,384,4,50643,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,9,41,17,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","JOLIET 7&8",0,"NAT GAS",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,11103,108953,0,8750,87209,0,12754,127880,0,12398,126498,0,15389,159604,0,14468,153070,0,34003,358096,0,38820,399592,0,12449,130392,0,5845,61103,0,9664,99401,0,15109,163833,0,384,4,50643,"NG","ST" 33,17,1,2,2,41,18,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","KINCAID",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,876,4,50643,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,41,18,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","KINCAID",0,"BIT COAL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,55770,32758,306574,225554,110119,355485,177700,87847,323621,111716,54633,362527,59730,40786,398523,326434,167542,321546,302831,139901,261736,370353,171207,168914,152028,76179,217203,146493,75067,252142,105685,62572,325669,303394,153078,287687,876,4,50643,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,9,41,18,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","KINCAID",0,"NAT GAS",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,1202,16174,0,747,8607,0,913,10721,0,996,11458,0,1078,14934,0,450,5024,0,586,6470,0,981,10590,0,742,8548,0,1541,18276,0,2200,30312,0,917,10402,0,876,4,50643,"NG","ST" 33,17,1,4,2,41,19,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","LOMBARD",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,0,0,16204,0,0,16203,0,2,15828,0,0,15828,0,0,15471,0,0,15471,0,0,15471,0,0,15471,0,0,15471,0,0,15471,0,0,15471,0,0,15471,877,4,50643,"FO2","GT" 33,17,1,4,9,41,19,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","LOMBARD",0,"NAT GAS",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,216,9440,0,28,3677,0,45,1042,0,1545,52076,0,2695,90228,0,4011,66015,0,277,4570,0,110,2620,0,70,1556,0,6,1352,0,877,4,50643,"NG","GT" 33,17,1,4,2,41,22,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","EL JUNCTION",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,0,0,16029,0,0,16029,0,0,16029,0,0,16029,0,0,16029,0,0,16029,0,0,16029,0,0,16029,0,0,16029,0,0,16029,0,0,16029,0,0,16029,870,4,50643,"FO2","GT" 33,17,1,4,9,41,22,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","EL JUNCTION",0,"NAT GAS",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,45,1465,0,255,9385,0,433,17490,0,266,17646,0,201,1306,0,3974,165292,0,3141,117346,0,6577,120875,0,317,6236,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,870,4,50643,"NG","GT" 33,17,1,2,2,41,25,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","POWERTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,879,4,50643,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,41,25,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","POWERTON",0,"BIT COAL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,295687,209649,423935,447158,294017,440451,348046,239570,435308,212232,137447,636432,150582,105273,808681,358461,251527,710182,600064,381559,542202,449473,321219,483261,473891,314575,379942,711307,426764,426047,347462,223314,654319,369211,237119,790527,879,4,50643,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,9,41,25,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","POWERTON",0,"NAT GAS",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,2163,27135,0,934,10806,0,1060,12568,0,352,4015,0,411,4960,0,1912,23178,0,1304,14277,0,344,4172,0,2982,34612,0,1175,12623,0,1089,12285,0,860,10186,0,879,4,50643,"NG","ST" 33,17,1,4,2,41,34,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","SABROOKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,0,0,10453,0,0,10453,0,0,10453,0,0,10453,0,0,10453,1060,4114,11113,2120,6610,10937,3819,12030,8749,0,0,10491,0,0,10491,92,332,10159,19,57,10102,882,4,50643,"FO2","GT" 33,17,1,2,6,41,35,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","FISK ST",0,"BIT COAL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1258,2813,0,64730,37523,0,49452,31868,0,82828,51049,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,886,4,50643,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,9,41,35,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","FISK ST",0,"NAT GAS",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,950,35700,0,6315,65190,0,4278,50522,0,3262,35967,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,886,4,50643,"NG","ST" 33,17,1,3,2,41,35,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","FISK ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,45,155,416,0,0,416,77,84,332,39,37,295,68,30,266,66,86,180,134,219,491,125,84,407,40,16,391,17,100,291,19,95,196,0,0,174,886,4,50643,"FO2","IC" 33,17,1,4,2,41,35,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","FISK ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,1,5,23532,47,93,23145,99,257,23261,297,889,22373,31,91,22630,3411,9368,21922,4887,12963,23223,4869,20375,20364,0,0,20364,0,0,20364,335,1236,19127,365,1339,17788,886,4,50643,"FO2","GT" 33,17,1,2,2,41,40,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","WAUKEGAN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,895,1547,2815,3612,6129,2742,4931,8714,2873,777,1407,3668,959,1672,3660,3946,7104,2494,3955,7041,2217,5282,9737,2829,3119,5998,3784,2859,5228,2552,3518,6749,3529,1606,3513,2435,883,4,50643,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,41,40,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","WAUKEGAN",0,"BIT COAL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,297287,177180,273721,300831,175220,239888,317665,191650,286982,225455,141450,324935,256271,154756,392524,243529,150801,389581,310909,188184,335255,296518,187813,197729,119579,79260,209183,165704,104633,209690,128110,85584,284788,41660,30532,414595,883,4,50643,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,9,41,40,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","WAUKEGAN",0,"NAT GAS",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,1435,14340,0,1745,16984,0,6345,64552,0,12306,127984,0,2631,26534,0,2700,27935,0,4475,45751,0,8173,86616,0,1604,17712,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1606,20058,0,883,4,50643,"NG","ST" 33,17,1,4,2,41,40,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","WAUKEGAN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,311,627,9084,81,252,8832,0,0,8832,62,220,8612,0,0,8612,2971,8993,7575,4093,8993,10099,3465,12846,8690,217,650,9693,15,46,9832,388,721,9111,455,101,8825,883,4,50643,"FO2","GT" 33,17,1,2,2,41,45,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","WILL COUNTY",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,1062,18762,3939,7295,13109,3758,10624,18496,3941,8221,14895,3199,9084,16531,4090,8920,16134,4050,10413,17507,4073,8717,15307,3888,6246,11354,3823,8028,14057,4581,13300,23039,4265,11454,20638,3742,884,4,50643,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,41,45,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","WILL COUNTY",0,"BIT COAL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,339333,214481,728644,276729,163281,493423,436182,242324,418178,363653,209416,394195,307990,182353,450891,397251,238256,419768,378522,212664,447725,475303,276214,354866,276771,166573,326404,319122,188012,314278,367545,210217,297641,236545,145482,315427,884,4,50643,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,2,41,60,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","COLLINS",0,"LIGHT OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,44,168,8953,149,398,8555,143,315,8240,46,189,8051,8,33,9226,37,94,9132,118,236,8896,161,333,8562,33,186,8376,121,346,8030,407,870,7160,418,907,6253,6025,4,50643,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,3,41,60,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","COLLINS",0,"HEAVY OIL",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,10708,14958,858168,17136,41575,816594,22453,44431,829903,5094,19291,887973,1621,6324,924611,37801,79457,874073,46886,87834,814064,170809,316836,497228,8876,46988,565732,30191,78409,602644,60143,118667,704727,63549,126751,840744,6025,4,50643,"FO6","ST" 33,17,1,2,9,41,60,"COMMONWEALTH EDISON CO","COLLINS",0,"NAT GAS",4110,"0M",1294,,100,95,39831,890044,0,143526,2177150,0,287955,3565711,0,53575,1269470,0,42336,1034381,0,242662,3192054,0,342245,4012183,0,559661,6496563,0,22424,742913,0,72437,1176239,0,234867,2894481,0,189527,2361026,0,6025,4,50643,"NG","ST" 33,17,1,2,2,59,5,"ELECTRIC ENERGY INC","JOPPA STEAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",5748,"0M",1294,,,95,200,374,1123,39,70,1273,99,185,1072,621,1113,2510,355,632,917,223,421,1063,108,203,1046,324,609,1093,203,369,937,141,253,1041,23,42,874,163,297,1013,887,4,50877,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,59,5,"ELECTRIC ENERGY INC","JOPPA STEAM",0,"BIT COAL",5748,"0M",1294,,,95,714619,413405,218343,620332,359921,257338,581511,352021,367649,615267,357331,494389,555217,326921,554836,664604,410139,566371,692201,431949,348896,616065,383985,389108,610216,368490,418929,705090,420489,495502,724030,433000,497231,719491,431637,526478,887,4,50877,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,9,59,5,"ELECTRIC ENERGY INC","JOPPA STEAM",0,"NAT GAS",5748,"0M",1294,,,95,3,39,0,3,32,0,2,31,0,4,42,0,2,29,0,3,39,0,2,28,0,2,25,0,2,30,0,3,33,0,4,43,0,2,27,0,887,4,50877,"NG","ST" 33,17,1,2,1,72,1,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","CLINTON",0,"NUCLEAR",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,606581,0,0,556463,0,0,137066,0,0,-6903,0,0,405888,0,0,658164,0,0,673318,0,0,670862,0,0,558375,0,0,682367,0,0,659454,0,0,500645,0,0,204,4,51385,"UR","ST" 33,17,1,2,"C",72,20,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","BALDWIN",0,"TIRES",9208,"0M",294,"A",,95,0,0,0,1818,0,0,3181,0,0,7099,0,0,6807,0,0,5350,0,0,7244,0,0,3493,0,0,6277,0,0,7534,0,0,10681,0,0,7569,0,0,889,4,51385,"TIR","ST" 33,17,1,2,2,72,20,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","BALDWIN",0,"LIGHT OIL",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,1081,1918,2086,605,1061,2802,687,1177,4303,886,1546,2758,788,1102,2909,1035,1849,3333,1018,1819,2723,194,347,3603,519,926,3761,917,1661,2395,449,802,2830,719,1288,2830,889,4,51385,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,72,20,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","BALDWIN",0,"BIT COAL",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,660540,312984,326606,560194,261218,347154,721218,332734,317839,1001149,461485,170294,940043,347817,194365,784737,373003,199111,952571,453263,98640,1114689,528001,10906,767993,364295,81430,684089,329233,150289,880194,419001,132828,809209,388865,132828,889,4,51385,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,2,72,35,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","HAVANA",0,"LIGHT OIL",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,910,1948,1153,666,1365,840,307,580,1330,461,889,1682,716,1472,1237,733,1517,1451,606,1199,1513,905,1843,2122,693,1487,1847,988,1998,879,1035,1991,1192,678,1527,1192,891,4,51385,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,3,72,35,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","HAVANA",0,"HEAVY OIL",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,11893,0,0,11893,0,0,11893,0,0,11893,0,0,11893,0,0,11893,0,0,11893,0,0,11893,0,0,11893,0,0,11893,0,0,362,0,0,362,891,4,51385,"FO6","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,72,35,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","HAVANA",0,"BIT COAL",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,98112,49256,30789,118979,58411,50159,224224,102634,40379,160060,74936,66818,118264,58880,70245,116146,58574,89918,115561,56674,118529,151230,75783,90549,71688,37378,112421,88892,44663,121996,115087,53793,99387,131730,71564,99387,891,4,51385,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,9,72,35,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","HAVANA",0,"NAT GAS",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,1067,12979,0,440,5089,0,63,677,0,179,1951,0,351,4046,0,300,3543,0,463,5170,0,355,4086,0,402,4873,0,559,6392,0,891,9670,0,763,9698,0,891,4,51385,"NG","ST" 33,17,1,2,2,72,37,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","HENNEPIN",0,"LIGHT OIL",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,139,0,0,118,0,0,98,0,0,73,0,0,226,0,0,198,0,0,171,0,0,143,0,0,124,0,0,81,0,0,206,0,0,206,892,4,51385,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,72,37,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","HENNEPIN",0,"BIT COAL",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,87360,41868,110995,113939,53993,91245,148496,70812,66931,128982,61958,52605,126965,61905,34055,114742,56218,13963,122662,60852,24745,143091,72106,29954,79631,39909,56695,59580,30905,81408,39508,20500,71977,116352,56957,71977,892,4,51385,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,9,72,37,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","HENNEPIN",0,"NAT GAS",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,32318,326516,0,1234,12249,0,1222,12243,0,808,8187,0,416,4252,0,2050,20916,0,733,7579,0,551,5765,0,776,8044,0,87,951,0,169,1816,0,493,5034,0,892,4,51385,"NG","ST" 33,17,1,4,2,72,39,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","OGLESBY",0,"LIGHT OIL",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,8629,0,0,8629,0,0,8629,0,0,8629,0,0,8629,0,0,8629,0,0,8629,0,0,8805,0,0,8805,894,4,51385,"FO2","GT" 33,17,1,4,9,72,39,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","OGLESBY",0,"NAT GAS",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2951,33996,0,2725,56764,0,0,0,0,110,1650,0,0,0,0,519,7497,0,894,4,51385,"NG","GT" 33,17,1,4,2,72,40,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","STALLINGS",0,"LIGHT OIL",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,895,4,51385,"FO2","GT" 33,17,1,4,9,72,40,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","STALLINGS",0,"NAT GAS",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,-5,0,0,0,0,0,-188,0,0,-57,0,0,-40,0,0,-31,0,0,556,11621,0,1460,27572,0,-38,0,0,-159,0,0,0,0,0,40,1636,0,895,4,51385,"NG","GT" 33,17,1,2,2,72,45,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","VERMILION",0,"LIGHT OIL",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,115,249,624,91,198,602,191,417,364,236,549,361,18,38,279,0,0,257,0,0,333,0,0,327,0,0,327,0,0,284,0,0,284,0,0,284,897,4,51385,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,72,45,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","VERMILION",0,"BIT COAL",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,30154,17048,27000,17324,9743,30113,23022,12947,17166,26005,15643,2483,5797,3221,2966,977,640,2326,0,0,2326,0,0,2326,0,0,2326,0,0,2326,-194,0,2326,0,0,2326,897,4,51385,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,9,72,45,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","VERMILION",0,"NAT GAS",9208,"0M",794,"A",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,35157,523154,0,35815,280703,0,5530,63136,0,-181,425,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,897,4,51385,"NG","ST" 33,17,1,4,2,72,45,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","VERMILION",0,"LIGHT OIL",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-967,0,0,13,1679,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,897,4,51385,"FO2","GT" 33,17,1,2,"B",72,50,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","WOOD RIVER",0,"WOOD",9208,"0M",294,"A",,95,0,0,0,16,0,0,178,0,0,229,0,0,90,0,0,216,0,0,58,0,0,48,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,18,0,0,898,4,51385,"WD","ST" 33,17,1,2,2,72,50,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","WOOD RIVER",0,"LIGHT OIL",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,44,79,5600,23,43,5507,47,83,5347,40,74,5395,21,44,5332,24,48,5204,12,23,5294,49,90,5144,25,46,5028,38,67,5235,0,0,4820,0,0,4820,898,4,51385,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,6,72,50,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","WOOD RIVER",0,"BIT COAL",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,179203,74998,45031,134748,57471,69498,189897,79401,76252,58215,25205,85871,13578,6765,84103,56995,25313,99570,176787,75799,113318,203949,86831,93346,141728,61520,85883,170165,70959,78358,166564,67877,95046,152328,67698,95046,898,4,51385,"BIT","ST" 33,17,1,2,9,72,50,"ILLINOIS POWER CO","WOOD RIVER",0,"NAT GAS",9208,"0M",1294,,,95,2917,29530,0,3161,32758,0,2112,21194,0,620,6474,0,455,5401,0,3940,43447,0,1042,11274,0,7813,79539,0,841,8463,0,2100,20806,0,1416,13732,0,3310,34114,0,898,4,51385,"NG","ST" 33,17,1,1,,76,5,"MIDAMERICAN ENERGY","MOLINE",0,,9438,"0M",1294,,50,95,867,0,0,502,0,0,693,0,0,501,0,0,751,0,0,1306,0,0,1909,0,0,1606,0,0,1628,0,0,1499,0,0,1295,0,0,824,0,0,899,5,51406,"WAT","HY" 33,17,1,4,2,76,5,"MIDAMERICAN ENERGY","MOLINE",0,"LIGHT OIL",9438,"0M",1294,,50,95,-104,1,1972,-89,0,1972,-80,0,1972,0,0,1972,0,0,1972,0,0,1972,0,0,1972,0,0,1972,-1,0,1972,-33,0,1972,-32,0,1972,-41,0,1972,899,5,51406,"FO2","GT" 33,17,1,4,9,76,5,"MIDAMERICAN ENERGY","MOLINE",0,"NAT GAS",9438,"0M",1294,,50,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-61,2,0,1064,18944,0,1548,27660,0,1838,32171,0,-50,33,0,-34,0,0,-33,0,0,-42,0,0,899,5,51406,"NG","GT" 33,17,1,1,,107,1,"NATIONAL HYDRO","DAYTON",0,,9366,"0A",1294,,,95,1202,0,0,1122,0,0,1638,0,0,1567,0,0,992,0,0,1383,0,0,911,0,0,403,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1259,0,0,1438,0,0,901,4,52081,"WAT","HY" 33,17,1,1,,134,1,"SO BELOIT WTR GAS & ELEC","ROCKTON",0,,17535,"0A",1294,,521,95,467,0,0,390,0,0,678,0,0,788,0,0,728,0,0,505,0,0,154,0,0,655,0,0,616,0,0,694,0,0,698,0,0,536,0,0,903,4,54026,"WAT","HY" 33,17,1,2,2,151,15,"UNION ELECTRIC CO","VENICE",0,"LIGHT OIL",19436,"0M",1294,,150,95,-14,55,40501,-148,624,39877,0,0,39877,0,0,39877,1716,6693,33184,1509,6175,27009,165,558,26451,1421,5295,29829,0,0,33009,0,0,33009,63,822,32186,-598,1970,30216,913,4,52997,"FO2","ST" 33,17,1,2,9,151,15,"UNION ELECTRIC CO","VENICE",0,"NAT GAS",19436,"0M",1294,,150,95,-1037,23078,0,-714,17082,0,745,29759,0,2615,70964,0,3881,85875,0,3694,85747,0,12175,233282,0,18970,400955,0,1254,9297,0,1125,26918,0,146,10894,0,-478,8990,0,913,4,52997,"NG","ST" 33,17,1,4,2,151,15,"UNION ELECTRIC CO","VENICE",0,"LIGHT OIL",19436,"0M",1294,,150,95,-67,27,1614,-28,163,2000,-35,94,1906,-28,27,1879,-20,89,1790,-20,0,1790,170,758,2114,425,1509,1672,-19,2,1670,-26,4,1666,-54,3,1664,-53,1,1663,913,4,52997,"FO2","GT" 33,17,5,2,2,528,1,"BREESE (CITY OF)","BREESE",0,"LIGHT OIL",2188,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,934,4,50322,"FO2","ST" 33,17,5,3,2,528,1,"BREESE (CITY OF)","BREESE",0,"LIGHT OIL",2188,"0A",1294,,,95,0,54,940,18,32,905,18,33,866,22,40,817,30,30,781,17,32,740,176,328,755,261,482,780,19,35,911,19,35,872,19,34,835,13,22,811,934,4,50322,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,9,528,1,"BREESE (CITY OF)","BREESE",0,"NAT GAS",2188,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,934,4,50322,"NG","IC" 33,17,5,3,2,530,1,"BUSHNELL (CITY OF)","BUSHNELL",0,"LIGHT OIL",2634,"0A",1294,,,95,0,1,838,7,14,824,0,0,824,0,0,824,0,0,824,0,0,824,29,58,766,0,0,766,0,0,766,0,0,766,0,0,766,0,0,766,935,4,50383,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,9,530,1,"BUSHNELL (CITY OF)","BUSHNELL",0,"NAT GAS",2634,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,935,4,50383,"NG","IC" 33,17,5,3,2,534,1,"CARLYLE (CITY OF)","CARLYLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3037,"0A",1294,,,95,12,16,176,0,13,163,9,11,151,9,13,138,12,10,121,51,53,404,141,155,248,144,203,381,11,12,368,10,17,351,11,18,333,0,0,333,936,4,50438,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,9,534,1,"CARLYLE (CITY OF)","CARLYLE",0,"NAT GAS",3037,"0A",1294,,,95,0,3,0,0,2,0,0,2,0,0,3,0,0,3,0,1,11,0,10,64,0,4,38,0,0,6,0,0,6,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,936,4,50438,"NG","IC" 33,17,5,3,2,537,1,"CARMI (CITY OF)","CARMI",0,"LIGHT OIL",3040,"0A",1294,,,95,16,38,765,95,45,720,10,19,700,7,19,681,5,21,660,5,32,627,5,12,616,9,15,600,18,53,722,9,20,702,10,22,702,61,90,590,937,4,50440,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,9,537,1,"CARMI (CITY OF)","CARMI",0,"NAT GAS",3040,"0A",1294,,,95,70,720,0,25,1014,0,15,177,0,17,350,0,16,125,0,26,162,0,15,157,0,11,87,0,40,313,0,11,92,0,8,100,0,83,985,0,937,4,50440,"NG","IC" 33,17,5,2,6,559,1,"FAIRFIELD (CITY OF)","FAIRFIELD",0,"BIT COAL",6141,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,940,4,50941,"BIT","ST" 33,17,5,3,2,559,1,"FAIRFIELD (CITY OF)","FAIRFIELD",0,"LIGHT OIL",6141,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,940,4,50941,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,9,559,1,"FAIRFIELD (CITY OF)","FAIRFIELD",0,"NAT GAS",6141,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,940,4,50941,"NG","IC" 33,17,5,3,2,562,1,"FARMER (CITY OF)","FARMER CITY",0,"LIGHT OIL",6192,"0A",1294,,,95,1,3,227,0,0,227,0,0,227,0,0,227,1,2,230,10,20,208,7,23,186,38,71,283,4,4,279,0,0,279,0,0,274,0,0,274,941,4,50955,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,9,562,1,"FARMER (CITY OF)","FARMER CITY",0,"NAT GAS",6192,"0A",1294,,,95,3,26,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6,58,0,46,504,0,0,0,0,163,1723,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,941,4,50955,"NG","IC" 33,17,5,3,2,571,1,"FREEBURG (CITY OF)","FREEBURG",0,"LIGHT OIL",6764,"0A",1294,,,95,1,2,129,17,33,214,173,298,93,12,23,70,12,23,47,13,26,197,81,158,39,110,201,200,13,177,0,8,16,161,8,10,151,8,21,130,943,4,51056,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,9,571,1,"FREEBURG (CITY OF)","FREEBURG",0,"NAT GAS",6764,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,943,4,51056,"NG","IC" 33,17,5,3,2,574,1,"GENESEO (CITY OF)","GENESEO",0,"LIGHT OIL",7095,"0A",1294,,,95,2,16,314,4,11,301,0,13,290,5,13,281,0,0,294,15,26,446,65,111,339,78,133,383,0,0,389,0,0,388,0,0,389,2,4,385,944,4,51093,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,9,574,1,"GENESEO (CITY OF)","GENESEO",0,"NAT GAS",7095,"0A",1294,,,95,7,250,0,2,57,0,7,527,0,2,52,0,0,0,0,93,1716,0,562,6490,0,735,8338,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,944,4,51093,"NG","IC" 33,17,5,3,2,589,1,"HIGHLAND (CITY OF)","HIGHLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",8573,"0A",1294,,,95,21,37,490,4,5,486,0,0,486,4,9,823,0,0,825,47,78,792,28,140,634,472,536,371,24,46,371,0,0,322,11,21,755,8,15,754,946,4,51298,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,9,589,1,"HIGHLAND (CITY OF)","HIGHLAND",0,"NAT GAS",8573,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,946,4,51298,"NG","IC" 33,17,5,3,2,606,15,"MCLEANSBORO (CITY OF)","MCLEANSBORO",0,"LIGHT OIL",12167,"0A",1294,,,95,19,48,201,15,25,176,12,30,322,14,21,301,14,29,272,11,29,243,22,38,205,14,48,336,43,88,246,25,45,201,27,51,325,20,34,291,948,4,51812,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,2,612,10,"MASCOUTAH (CITY OF)","MASCOUTAH",0,"LIGHT OIL",11790,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,815,0,0,815,0,0,814,1,12,803,24,59,563,0,0,563,4,56,859,30,64,967,0,0,967,0,0,967,0,0,965,0,0,966,950,4,51789,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,9,612,10,"MASCOUTAH (CITY OF)","MASCOUTAH",0,"NAT GAS",11790,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,10,410,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,74,4890,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,950,4,51789,"NG","IC" 33,17,5,2,9,646,1,"PERU (CITY OF)","PERU",0,"NAT GAS",14840,"0M",1294,,,95,-15,0,0,-11,0,0,4,0,0,-13,0,0,-7,0,0,77,680,0,-9,0,0,-62,0,0,0,0,0,8,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,955,4,52299,"NG","ST" 33,17,5,3,2,646,1,"PERU (CITY OF)","PERU",0,"LIGHT OIL",14840,"0M",1294,,,95,-30,12,619,-13,24,595,-13,23,572,-6,24,548,-2,23,525,63,146,560,189,366,550,299,560,533,-14,0,533,-1,23,510,-22,12,498,-33,0,498,955,4,52299,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,4,2,646,1,"PERU (CITY OF)","PERU",0,"LIGHT OIL",14840,"0M",1294,,,95,-17,5,621,-6,30,547,-28,31,516,-11,19,497,2,45,621,32,120,501,-5,0,501,78,277,563,-5,0,563,2,31,532,-6,34,498,-8,0,498,955,4,52299,"FO2","GT" 33,17,5,3,2,649,15,"PRINCETON (CITY OF)","PRINCETON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15388,"0M",1294,,,95,6,12,977,0,0,976,3,7,975,2,4,971,3,7,975,23,40,932,56,97,838,536,913,802,20,35,768,17,32,720,0,3,712,14,25,688,957,4,52397,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,9,649,15,"PRINCETON (CITY OF)","PRINCETON",0,"NAT GAS",15388,"0M",1294,,,95,21,220,0,0,0,0,27,268,0,15,153,0,24,231,0,137,1308,0,636,6226,0,1790,17269,0,131,1265,0,82,827,0,0,106,0,75,752,0,957,4,52397,"NG","IC" 33,17,5,3,2,652,15,"RANTOUL (CITY OF)","RANTOUL",0,"LIGHT OIL",15686,"0A",1294,,,95,18,21,236,2,5,232,6,12,220,11,25,195,23,32,203,55,112,186,16,31,295,0,0,299,0,0,299,8,15,284,0,0,284,0,0,284,958,4,52436,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,2,655,1,"RED BUD (CITY OF)","RED BUD",0,"LIGHT OIL",15772,"0A",1294,,,95,28,56,1047,2,5,1040,2,3,1034,0,1,1030,4,7,1021,15,26,993,6,9,981,14,25,956,0,0,956,0,0,953,0,0,949,0,0,948,959,4,52447,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,9,655,1,"RED BUD (CITY OF)","RED BUD",0,"NAT GAS",15772,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,959,4,52447,"NG","IC" 33,17,5,3,2,661,5,"ROCHELLE (CITY OF)","N NINTH ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",16179,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,5,15,779,0,0,0,3,0,771,0,0,764,12,23,741,59,110,631,112,214,527,0,0,416,0,0,415,0,24,711,0,25,686,960,4,52498,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,9,661,5,"ROCHELLE (CITY OF)","N NINTH ST",0,"NAT GAS",16179,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,9,98,0,490,5142,0,1012,10917,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1171,0,0,705,0,960,4,52498,"NG","IC" 33,17,5,2,6,661,10,"ROCHELLE (CITY OF)","S MAIN ST",0,"BIT COAL",16179,"0A",1294,,,95,182,283,317,0,0,1359,692,1123,1498,0,0,1498,0,0,1498,0,0,1498,0,0,1498,0,0,1498,0,0,1218,0,0,0,256,380,38,0,38,0,961,4,52498,"BIT","ST" 33,17,5,2,9,661,10,"ROCHELLE (CITY OF)","S MAIN ST",0,"NAT GAS",16179,"0A",1294,,,95,2606,84363,0,2941,19198,0,1831,61444,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,927,28450,0,0,0,0,961,4,52498,"NG","ST" 33,17,5,3,2,661,10,"ROCHELLE (CITY OF)","S MAIN ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",16179,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,261,0,0,259,7,8,258,0,0,258,0,0,1498,0,0,1498,0,2,252,0,0,251,0,0,252,0,1,249,0,0,216,961,4,52498,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,9,661,10,"ROCHELLE (CITY OF)","S MAIN ST",0,"NAT GAS",16179,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,14,486,0,2,19,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,83,2186,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,10,323,0,0,0,0,961,4,52498,"NG","IC" 33,17,5,2,2,676,1,"SPRINGFIELD (CITY OF)","LAKESIDE",0,"LIGHT OIL",17828,"0M",1294,,,95,18,56,3309,-376,0,3847,35,123,3773,38,88,3309,8,21,2805,159,387,2233,123,292,1856,53,125,1641,42,111,1830,11,54,1641,16,39,2126,38,94,1910,964,4,52766,"FO2","ST" 33,17,5,2,6,676,1,"SPRINGFIELD (CITY OF)","LAKESIDE",0,"BIT COAL",17828,"0M",1294,,,95,1426,1194,2186,0,0,2186,1719,1619,3329,28971,18281,2724,3680,2612,1929,9405,6305,1526,17496,11431,1377,28851,18625,1401,2662,1934,379,394,523,1151,16922,10895,1211,7009,4720,1069,964,4,52766,"BIT","ST" 33,17,5,2,2,676,5,"SPRINGFIELD (CITY OF)","DALLMAN",0,"LIGHT OIL",17828,"0M",1294,,,95,300,585,0,76,148,0,85,123,0,184,376,0,278,544,0,98,185,0,43,85,0,46,90,0,194,381,0,69,134,0,98,191,0,62,121,0,963,4,52766,"FO2","ST" 33,17,5,2,6,676,5,"SPRINGFIELD (CITY OF)","DALLMAN",0,"BIT COAL",17828,"0M",1294,,,95,147822,79578,86892,139935,74982,79739,149373,60539,83519,84927,48213,88238,138529,75670,76947,148142,77066,75576,175826,96140,69655,181595,98487,70624,145723,79465,62150,147146,79567,66752,143295,77415,69089,189782,102492,71677,963,4,52766,"BIT","ST" 33,17,5,4,2,676,10,"SPRINGFIELD (CITY OF)","REYNOLDS",0,"LIGHT OIL",17828,"0M",1294,,,95,2,21,1499,1,19,1480,0,0,1480,22,120,1360,0,0,1360,12,77,1283,189,560,1401,222,713,1224,45,147,1077,0,0,1792,0,0,1792,21,66,1726,965,4,52766,"FO2","GT" 33,17,5,4,2,676,12,"SPRINGFIELD (CITY OF)","FACTORY",0,"LIGHT OIL",17828,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,3559,57,277,3282,0,56,3226,0,0,3226,0,0,3226,0,15,3212,234,612,3502,337,1007,2674,0,0,0,1,40,2634,0,0,2634,6,18,2615,8016,4,52766,"FO2","GT" 33,17,5,3,2,685,1,"SULLIVAN (CITY OF)","SULLIVAN",0,"LIGHT OIL",18277,"0A",1294,,,95,64,126,1258,39,77,1181,15,30,1151,13,25,1301,205,430,1242,250,497,1265,287,569,1218,337,669,1235,211,418,1150,109,216,1446,94,187,1607,131,261,1346,969,4,52842,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,9,685,1,"SULLIVAN (CITY OF)","SULLIVAN",0,"NAT GAS",18277,"0A",1294,,,95,417,4732,0,354,3991,0,175,2187,0,90,1200,0,2497,25139,0,3160,40149,0,3856,39252,0,4473,45978,0,2693,27195,0,1163,12837,0,1195,13294,0,1409,15384,0,969,4,52842,"NG","IC" 33,17,5,3,2,688,1,"WATERLOO (CITY OF)","WATERLOO",0,"LIGHT OIL",20180,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,663,0,0,655,5,10,638,0,0,632,2,10,596,2,5,575,67,109,621,73,155,621,8,14,601,0,0,593,0,0,587,3,6,574,971,4,53196,"FO2","IC" 33,17,5,3,9,688,1,"WATERLOO (CITY OF)","WATERLOO",0,"NAT GAS",20180,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2,17,0,3,26,0,77,912,0,83,788,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,971,4,53196,"NG","IC" 33,17,5,2,6,697,1,"WINNETKA (VILLAGE OF)","WINNEKA",0,"BIT COAL",20824,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,972,4,53319,"BIT","ST" 33,17,5,2,9,697,1,"WINNETKA (VILLAGE OF)","WINNEKA",0,"NAT GAS",20824,"0M",1294,,,95,76,1403,0,83,1602,0,0,0,0,61,1226,0,0,0,0,429,7918,0,1790,29451,0,3027,46315,0,83,1711,0,38,687,0,36,627,0,82,1282,0,972,4,53319,"NG","ST" 33,17,5,3,2,697,1,"WINNETKA (VILLAGE OF)","WINNEKA",0,"LIGHT OIL",20824,"0M",1294,,,95,9,15,1600,16,24,1576,15,27,2011,8,11,2038,15,27,2008,53,94,1879,81,146,1771,87,156,1614,39,65,1549,14,24,1525,21,36,1489,27,48,1441,972,4,53319,"FO2","IC" 33,17,8,3,2,835,5,"SOYLAND POWER COOP INC","PITTSFIELD",0,"LIGHT OIL",40307,"0M",1294,,,95,-86,19,362,-83,0,362,-84,0,362,-71,0,362,-22,0,362,-10,10,352,-13,0,352,-12,5,346,-10,0,346,-17,0,346,-27,0,346,-86,0,346,6237,4,53264,"FO2","IC" 33,17,8,3,2,835,10,"SOYLAND POWER COOP INC","WINCHESTER",0,"LIGHT OIL",40307,"0M",1294,"R",,95,-5,0,0,-4,0,0,-2,0,0,-4,0,0,-4,0,0,-3,0,0,-4,0,0,-4,0,0,-4,0,0,-3,0,0,-4,0,0,0,0,0,6236,4,53264,"FO2","IC" 33,17,8,2,2,835,20,"SOYLAND POWER COOP INC","PEARL",0,"LIGHT OIL",40307,"0M",1294,,,95,394,885,0,148,333,0,151,333,0,44,96,0,62,137,0,71,157,0,49,109,0,81,183,0,82,176,0,53,118,0,43,98,0,0,293,0,6238,4,53264,"FO2","ST" 33,17,8,2,6,835,20,"SOYLAND POWER COOP INC","PEARL",0,"BIT COAL",40307,"0M",1294,,,95,7480,4550,11696,6009,3668,13434,10811,6523,12395,9951,5859,11765,8686,5203,12183,10526,6310,12845,13881,8405,11170,12227,7501,11236,14144,8259,10522,14726,8807,6860,7789,4727,5629,-128,0,6213,6238,4,53264,"BIT","ST" 33,17,8,4,2,835,20,"SOYLAND POWER COOP INC","PEARL",0,"LIGHT OIL",40307,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,3174,0,0,2841,0,0,2508,0,0,3312,0,0,3174,0,0,3018,198,439,4233,153,346,3704,0,0,3527,0,0,3410,0,0,3316,27,99,2920,6238,4,53264,"FO2","GT" 33,17,8,2,2,865,5,"SOUTHERN ILL PWR COOP","MARION",0,"LIGHT OIL",17632,"0M",1294,,,95,103,235,1930,398,937,1432,119,273,2109,54,114,1931,53,121,2200,40,89,1995,197,433,1909,516,982,1299,123,278,1355,138,291,1409,148,311,1983,116,228,2304,976,4,52726,"FO2","ST" 33,17,8,2,5,865,5,"SOUTHERN ILL PWR COOP","MARION",0,"COKE",17632,"0M",494,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7100,5033,63,10577,7498,1080,12093,8573,883,18130,8251,340,24637,9801,5288,14975,6746,15187,18417,7751,15005,28435,11888,20057,29187,11536,36572,976,4,52726,"PC","ST" 33,17,8,2,6,865,5,"SOUTHERN ILL PWR COOP","MARION",0,"BIT COAL",17632,"0M",1294,,,95,99578,58899,343511,88921,53220,322269,67012,39679,313811,55683,32048,304374,67117,37520,306395,69155,37199,286872,84620,48755,270682,92636,56774,253743,47041,28911,281123,49349,30941,306445,68451,42435,291995,75427,45356,318016,976,4,52726,"BIT","ST" 34,26,1,2,1,21,1,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","BIG ROCK",0,"NUCLEAR",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,49904,0,0,36125,0,0,47852,0,0,36194,0,0,51600,0,0,49866,0,0,50938,0,0,42590,0,0,45863,0,0,42825,0,0,30166,0,0,31731,0,0,1697,1,50658,"UR","ST" 34,26,1,2,1,21,1,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","PALISADES",0,"NUCLEAR",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,583852,0,0,515599,0,0,577496,0,0,558296,0,0,349591,0,0,-2326,0,0,-2452,0,0,108144,0,0,474684,0,0,571773,0,0,561439,0,0,541156,0,0,1715,1,50658,"UR","ST" 34,26,1,1,,21,8,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","ALCONA",0,,4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,2490,0,0,1993,0,0,2704,0,0,2797,0,0,2622,0,0,1880,0,0,1902,0,0,2070,0,0,1760,0,0,2007,0,0,2376,0,0,2188,0,0,1693,1,50658,"WAT","HY" 34,26,1,1,,21,10,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","ALLEGAN",0,,4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,1357,0,0,1013,0,0,1394,0,0,1356,0,0,1410,0,0,981,0,0,946,0,0,1011,0,0,703,0,0,731,0,0,1154,0,0,994,0,0,1694,1,50658,"WAT","HY" 34,26,1,1,,21,19,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","C W TIPPY",0,,4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,5282,0,0,4150,0,0,6293,0,0,5440,0,0,5008,0,0,4326,0,0,4371,0,0,5203,0,0,4190,0,0,4573,0,0,5014,0,0,4570,0,0,1698,1,50658,"WAT","HY" 34,26,1,1,,21,25,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","COOKE",0,,4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,2367,0,0,1873,0,0,2687,0,0,2739,0,0,2539,0,0,1904,0,0,1946,0,0,2050,0,0,1790,0,0,2028,0,0,2329,0,0,2102,0,0,1700,1,50658,"WAT","HY" 34,26,1,1,,21,26,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","CROTON",0,,4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,4641,0,0,3300,0,0,4505,0,0,3399,0,0,3856,0,0,2193,0,0,2270,0,0,3054,0,0,2166,0,0,2146,0,0,3632,0,0,3031,0,0,1701,1,50658,"WAT","HY" 34,26,1,1,,21,28,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","FIVE CHANLS",0,,4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,2230,0,0,1812,0,0,2478,0,0,2479,0,0,2347,0,0,1784,0,0,1756,0,0,1920,0,0,1683,0,0,1895,0,0,2059,0,0,1961,0,0,1704,1,50658,"WAT","HY" 34,26,1,1,,21,29,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","FOOTE",0,,4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,2783,0,0,2213,0,0,3183,0,0,3182,0,0,2865,0,0,2239,0,0,2243,0,0,2387,0,0,2148,0,0,2381,0,0,2653,0,0,2564,0,0,1705,1,50658,"WAT","HY" 34,26,1,1,,21,32,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","HARDY",0,,4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,10721,0,0,6926,0,0,9337,0,0,6936,0,0,8622,0,0,4585,0,0,5199,0,0,7002,0,0,5021,0,0,5910,0,0,8935,0,0,6928,0,0,1707,1,50658,"WAT","HY" 34,26,1,1,,21,34,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","HODENPYL",0,,4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,3684,0,0,2846,0,0,4474,0,0,3916,0,0,3467,0,0,2500,0,0,2611,0,0,3740,0,0,2787,0,0,3279,0,0,4048,0,0,3474,0,0,1708,1,50658,"WAT","HY" 34,26,1,1,,21,38,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","LOUD",0,,4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,1690,0,0,1352,0,0,1882,0,0,1972,0,0,1822,0,0,1365,0,0,1424,0,0,1486,0,0,1265,0,0,1447,0,0,1654,0,0,1528,0,0,1712,1,50658,"WAT","HY" 34,26,1,1,,21,40,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","LD PUMP ST",0,"P-PUMPSTG",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,-64589,233719,0,-57356,190758,0,-53950,195482,0,-71987,218971,0,-31897,115524,0,-60407,243003,0,-67008,223779,0,-77060,289960,0,-65130,213393,0,-70748,250623,0,-58089,197571,0,-53599,186916,0,1713,1,50658,"WAT","HY" 34,26,1,1,,21,42,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","MIO",0,,4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,1408,0,0,1113,0,0,1515,0,0,1563,0,0,1475,0,0,1064,0,0,1017,0,0,1161,0,0,991,0,0,1142,0,0,1213,0,0,1283,0,0,1714,1,50658,"WAT","HY" 34,26,1,1,,21,49,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","ROGERS",0,,4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,2752,0,0,1858,0,0,2142,0,0,2190,0,0,2657,0,0,1513,0,0,1706,0,0,2352,0,0,1808,0,0,1968,0,0,2874,0,0,2363,0,0,1716,1,50658,"WAT","HY" 34,26,1,1,,21,58,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","WEBBER",0,,4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,1914,0,0,1295,0,0,2105,0,0,2059,0,0,1759,0,0,836,0,0,748,0,0,1150,0,0,321,0,0,398,0,0,1321,0,0,928,0,0,1722,1,50658,"WAT","HY" 34,26,1,2,2,21,65,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","JH CAMPBELL",0,"LIGHT OIL",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,376,598,4499,283,447,4052,1907,3068,3484,2100,3394,4019,519,835,7113,985,1571,5531,311,508,5023,954,1563,3460,1220,1999,3604,1817,2975,4007,1351,2181,3968,1278,2102,3566,1710,1,50658,"FO2","ST" 34,26,1,2,6,21,65,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","JH CAMPBELL",0,"BIT COAL",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,688173,266958,245746,629424,250579,214312,554183,223280,253129,421848,167012,399301,597082,246292,477288,640613,258293,443746,603954,255371,374582,621938,269381,277933,502655,214049,299355,646510,274214,290900,687374,281291,323449,707593,291775,344669,1710,1,50658,"BIT","ST" 34,26,1,4,2,21,65,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","JH CAMPBELL",0,"LIGHT OIL",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,3,18,3579,26,68,3511,5,2,3510,3,8,3501,14,105,3396,1,1,3395,89,352,3043,300,894,2816,0,0,2816,0,0,2780,12,29,2750,0,0,2750,1710,1,50658,"FO2","GT" 34,26,1,2,2,21,70,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","B C COBB",0,"LIGHT OIL",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,119,201,0,106,183,0,15,25,0,151,260,0,15,25,0,11,20,0,1038,1787,0,616,1065,0,337,575,0,124,210,0,609,1027,0,116,197,0,1695,1,50658,"FO2","ST" 34,26,1,2,6,21,70,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","B C COBB",0,"BIT COAL",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,171685,81705,303296,112559,55863,247433,173477,86683,160750,176230,89153,134091,171229,86036,137454,177787,81941,81399,152875,79003,128717,175209,87546,157003,143997,70790,171410,172337,82837,192966,174578,86518,170355,171682,85592,358752,1695,1,50658,"BIT","ST" 34,26,1,2,9,21,70,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","B C COBB",0,"NAT GAS",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,921,9110,0,661,6660,0,735,7267,0,667,6715,0,387,3867,0,701,6993,0,490,4921,0,732,7388,0,377,3745,0,625,6179,0,826,8120,0,729,7244,0,1695,1,50658,"NG","ST" 34,26,1,4,9,21,71,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","B E MORROW",0,"NAT GAS",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,21,1252,0,61,797,0,23,390,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,401,8324,0,371,9296,0,1149,25420,0,33,769,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1696,1,50658,"NG","GT" 34,26,1,2,2,21,73,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","D E KARN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,95,155,4465,729,1211,3870,49,79,4192,1413,2315,3502,1471,2465,4192,323,528,4944,367,607,3918,3048,4972,4484,1078,1808,6755,441,718,5263,482,776,5343,208,340,5633,1702,1,50658,"FO2","ST" 34,26,1,2,3,21,73,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","D E KARN",0,"HEAVY OIL",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,17263,41101,178646,32230,70799,144631,3259,14882,162100,3710,14639,204722,1348,4618,245418,27469,68422,203997,56064,119639,141693,95085,202123,111624,29250,66633,127707,-2403,604,148925,24960,66400,139076,24013,58612,178738,1702,1,50658,"FO6","ST" 34,26,1,2,6,21,73,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","D E KARN",0,"BIT COAL",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,201703,83102,130505,120289,51141,110637,178823,75624,145086,292219,122156,106091,232390,98356,133690,313475,134010,126635,299344,128910,118120,335951,141190,65110,201053,86888,158744,293910,123720,122461,305821,124517,171638,315326,164076,152202,1702,1,50658,"BIT","ST" 34,26,1,2,9,21,73,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","D E KARN",0,"NAT GAS",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,126,3486,0,7447,169068,0,10439,207703,0,12622,193255,0,50264,657734,0,101002,1316168,0,18325,257600,0,0,0,0,11460,187792,0,10071,152074,0,1702,1,50658,"NG","ST" 34,26,1,4,9,21,74,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","GAYLORD",0,"NAT GAS",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,16,288,0,102,1836,0,15,332,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,515,9959,0,346,16592,0,3203,53480,0,4,2469,0,2,482,0,49,1700,0,0,0,0,1706,1,50658,"NG","GT" 34,26,1,4,9,21,79,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","STRAITS",0,"NAT GAS",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,0,0,0,20,371,0,33,801,0,0,0,0,0,427,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,201,2828,0,203,2283,0,10,340,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1718,1,50658,"NG","GT" 34,26,1,4,9,21,80,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","THETFORD",0,"NAT GAS",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,-73,0,0,51,3065,0,-47,1801,0,-81,0,0,-11,1761,0,1724,48143,0,3577,74211,0,8176,149686,0,359,8949,0,103,2718,0,99,1204,0,-193,371,0,1719,1,50658,"NG","GT" 34,26,1,2,2,21,81,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","WEADOCK",0,"LIGHT OIL",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,0,0,0,43,71,0,206,349,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,32,55,0,418,680,0,532,903,0,187,305,0,128,198,0,422,716,0,0,0,0,1720,1,50658,"FO2","ST" 34,26,1,2,6,21,81,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","WEADOCK",0,"BIT COAL",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,192310,85708,45814,188975,83651,56497,190706,85006,57355,187037,83678,61516,177334,80278,58828,184095,83971,65159,155632,70970,60725,137329,63894,42030,160634,72475,36751,171924,77864,49121,139453,63086,78970,91065,41232,72440,1720,1,50658,"BIT","ST" 34,26,1,4,9,21,81,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","WEADOCK",0,"NAT GAS",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,1,12,0,16,289,0,3,117,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7,73,0,6,58,0,5,49,0,44,404,0,8,72,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1720,1,50658,"NG","GT" 34,26,1,2,2,21,84,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","WHITING",0,"LIGHT OIL",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,67,114,0,17,29,0,23,38,0,43,74,0,40,69,0,63,110,0,122,217,0,60,107,0,40,69,0,81,138,0,152,260,0,71,122,0,1723,1,50658,"FO2","ST" 34,26,1,2,6,21,84,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","WHITING",0,"BIT COAL",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,187062,77616,89934,185094,74786,71016,195982,81145,69534,189147,74635,99630,151777,65376,105918,176546,69938,98910,159910,67506,87345,170468,72736,86560,153306,62762,86674,136600,57354,115439,140799,58953,146166,157205,64361,118168,1723,1,50658,"BIT","ST" 34,26,1,4,2,21,84,"CONSUMERS POWER CO","WHITING",0,"LIGHT OIL",4254,"0M",1294,,95,95,0,0,3383,0,0,3383,0,0,3383,0,0,3383,0,0,3383,13,41,3341,40,165,3176,586,1651,1525,5,60,3025,0,0,3037,0,0,3037,13,28,3009,1723,1,50658,"FO2","GT" 34,26,1,2,1,30,2,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","FERMI 2",0,"NUCLEAR",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,57145,0,0,-2291,0,0,191112,0,0,332959,0,0,429952,0,0,318206,0,0,641286,0,0,646514,0,0,632787,0,0,629384,0,0,621966,0,0,597155,0,0,1729,1,50782,"UR","ST" 34,26,1,2,2,30,5,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","HARBOR BECH",0,"LIGHT OIL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,438,1013,575,399,920,291,337,838,431,226,616,443,208,409,330,272,533,404,256,504,456,402,782,347,137,284,368,256,520,468,392,891,512,324,728,420,1731,1,50782,"FO2","ST" 34,26,1,2,6,30,5,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","HARBOR BECH",0,"BIT COAL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,19026,9916,30527,16932,9323,21204,13176,7346,13858,2917,1770,26559,11229,4899,21660,24213,10667,10993,14172,6321,18792,27860,12241,19588,7804,3632,16168,5468,2542,33328,18662,9888,37691,11914,6187,42217,1731,1,50782,"BIT","ST" 34,26,1,3,2,30,5,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","HARBOR BECH",0,"LIGHT OIL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,-6,7,0,1,2,0,-9,2,0,-7,8,0,-8,5,0,10,38,0,215,410,0,-7,4,0,-10,0,0,-9,2,0,-4,5,0,1731,1,50782,"FO2","IC" 34,26,1,2,2,30,10,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","BEACON",0,"LIGHT OIL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,5557,0,0,6175,0,0,6175,0,0,6175,0,0,6175,0,0,6175,0,0,6175,0,0,6175,0,0,6175,0,0,6175,0,0,6175,0,0,6175,1724,1,50782,"FO2","ST" 34,26,1,2,6,30,10,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","BEACON",0,"BIT COAL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1724,1,50782,"BIT","ST" 34,26,1,2,9,30,10,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","BEACON",0,"NAT GAS",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,7417,215941,0,6530,166317,0,7378,568420,0,6367,460210,0,159,197560,0,-948,134770,0,-213,186220,0,133,234260,0,-472,176150,0,2357,308180,0,7138,508130,0,9005,660050,0,1724,1,50782,"NG","ST" 34,26,1,2,2,30,30,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","CONNERS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1726,1,50782,"FO2","ST" 34,26,1,2,6,30,30,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","CONNERS CRK",0,"BIT COAL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1726,1,50782,"BIT","ST" 34,26,1,2,9,30,30,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","CONNERS CRK",0,"NAT GAS",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1726,1,50782,"NG","ST" 34,26,1,3,2,30,30,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","CONNERS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,-19,10,403,-10,35,368,-17,0,368,-7,30,339,-12,1,338,-11,0,338,3,19,320,272,571,293,4,24,270,-18,0,270,-7,17,327,-18,1,327,1726,1,50782,"FO2","IC" 34,26,1,4,2,30,36,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","HANCOCK",0,"LIGHT OIL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1730,1,50782,"FO2","GT" 34,26,1,4,9,30,36,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","HANCOCK",0,"NAT GAS",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,75,1708,0,88,2028,0,-39,0,0,75,1898,0,83,2205,0,1939,35032,0,831,16862,0,4390,52333,0,-32,0,0,63,13854,0,113,1716,0,13,727,0,1730,1,50782,"NG","GT" 34,26,1,4,2,30,37,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","ENRCO FERMI",0,"LIGHT OIL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,-23,67,9592,56,437,9156,-6,95,9061,3,40,9021,46,201,8820,22,73,8747,153,611,8157,2354,5359,6937,191,530,6407,25,406,6813,-7,117,6696,7,155,6541,1729,1,50782,"FO2","GT" 34,26,1,2,6,30,40,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","MARYSVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,3451,2200,43168,1939,1836,41332,409,1040,40292,674,1100,39192,84,409,38783,2426,2025,36758,3997,2730,34028,24162,13503,20607,-821,0,20689,1187,1161,28911,77,1281,27712,1498,1298,26498,1732,1,50782,"BIT","ST" 34,26,1,2,9,30,40,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","MARYSVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,758,11483,0,601,14357,0,109,6809,0,104,4289,0,18,2144,0,313,6731,0,407,7237,0,958,13528,0,-821,0,0,0,12,0,16,6473,0,766,16219,0,1732,1,50782,"NG","ST" 34,26,1,2,3,30,41,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","RIVER ROUGE",0,"HEAVY OIL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1740,1,50782,"FO6","ST" 34,26,1,2,6,30,41,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","RIVER ROUGE",0,"BIT COAL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,219134,93352,55641,159139,73272,70516,175906,83846,66525,288407,131567,61779,267048,129044,38352,279504,129178,23957,147366,70111,56314,275336,132806,20939,244758,114254,49404,262473,127544,3398,311969,149413,952,289268,136099,23606,1740,1,50782,"BIT","ST" 34,26,1,2,9,30,41,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","RIVER ROUGE",0,"N&BF GAS",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,13490,1142053,0,14328,1002326,0,27337,1536596,0,24705,1839986,0,27750,1701771,0,26423,2082983,0,18771,1535930,0,35058,2287285,0,27144,2100264,0,28968,1856118,0,25198,1941541,0,33781,2350884,0,1740,1,50782,"NG","ST" 34,26,1,3,2,30,41,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","RIVER ROUGE",0,"LIGHT OIL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,-64,0,605,-7,10,595,-39,17,579,-34,0,579,-17,26,552,-25,14,538,19,67,471,444,902,433,1,70,648,-12,14,633,-30,19,614,-47,0,614,1740,1,50782,"FO2","IC" 34,26,1,2,2,30,42,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","ST CLAIR",0,"LIGHT OIL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,708,1282,34227,1068,2121,32093,3247,6007,21655,5314,10052,11849,6361,11768,6584,7708,14388,5004,650,1226,3459,1539,2748,8759,0,0,36637,1336,2409,49346,2815,5029,26266,1015,1855,17641,1743,1,50782,"FO2","ST" 34,26,1,2,3,30,42,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","ST CLAIR",0,"HEAVY OIL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,67,115,41140,472,857,40929,201,356,40849,2072,3718,37736,1534,2609,35989,1725,3066,36174,1324,2443,34132,3965,6895,28662,605,1053,29986,0,0,30968,0,0,26726,0,0,26726,1743,1,50782,"FO6","ST" 34,26,1,2,6,30,42,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","ST CLAIR",0,"BIT COAL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,527154,296526,1904789,579915,330143,1298971,632525,361281,910345,483802,281107,948523,421431,243485,1140644,540448,305320,1495864,747171,415802,1708026,687564,368710,1805574,643125,334613,2160088,580105,305454,2328721,615025,322461,2497621,727329,387191,2536457,1743,1,50782,"BIT","ST" 34,26,1,2,9,30,42,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","ST CLAIR",0,"NAT GAS",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,300,3042,0,495,5533,0,1182,12305,0,2642,28255,0,933,9784,0,595,6301,0,407,4362,0,801,8135,0,440,4467,0,1095,11359,0,723,7386,0,821,8584,0,1743,1,50782,"NG","ST" 34,26,1,3,2,30,42,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","ST CLAIR",0,"LIGHT OIL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,-21,0,0,6,12,0,-10,0,0,-6,8,0,0,0,0,-7,0,0,16,41,0,267,476,0,-7,0,0,-6,5,0,-10,0,0,-10,0,0,1743,1,50782,"FO2","IC" 34,26,1,4,2,30,42,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","ST CLAIR",0,"LIGHT OIL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-20,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1743,1,50782,"FO2","GT" 34,26,1,4,9,30,42,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","ST CLAIR",0,"NAT GAS",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,-15,0,0,19,222,0,0,0,0,-42,25,0,16,175,0,-11,0,0,18,346,0,-7,0,0,14,423,0,-10,0,0,-1,11,0,-3,54,0,1743,1,50782,"NG","GT" 34,26,1,2,2,30,45,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","TRENTON CNL",0,"LIGHT OIL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,2117,5567,8586,1135,2059,8309,1543,2836,11784,1101,1955,9830,427,776,11295,1378,2621,9024,1071,2007,11104,2983,5339,10903,715,1328,11816,1060,1978,12599,597,1093,11507,590,1046,12738,1745,1,50782,"FO2","ST" 34,26,1,2,6,30,45,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","TRENTON CNL",0,"BIT COAL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,73007,53010,125588,323088,144439,89756,284495,135448,125363,339095,164391,64193,278956,138759,81062,334708,166852,92923,344600,175834,77241,387486,184117,48162,328365,176710,67462,355401,186425,60433,331742,165511,87568,334941,167769,110839,1745,1,50782,"BIT","ST" 34,26,1,4,2,30,47,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","NORTHEAST",0,"LIGHT OIL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,-29,0,2051,-9,47,2004,-31,0,2004,9,63,1940,10,85,1855,610,1799,2214,83,729,2195,1190,3965,1920,-117,0,1920,-17,238,2156,14,127,2030,-35,0,2029,1734,1,50782,"FO2","GT" 34,26,1,4,9,30,47,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","NORTHEAST",0,"NAT GAS",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,-49,274,0,3,1924,0,-15,871,0,5,475,0,-70,0,0,236,15908,0,291,28798,0,1942,30986,0,-58,0,0,1,1017,0,-88,44,0,53,1442,0,1734,1,50782,"NG","GT" 34,26,1,2,2,30,48,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","MONROE",0,"LIGHT OIL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,2386,3835,8777,2169,3558,10202,1658,2697,9630,1424,2341,9860,7134,12079,8987,1592,2699,8841,1898,3281,9073,5386,9424,7517,3930,5748,10052,1222,2050,9934,11813,19875,7429,12821,21265,9414,1733,1,50782,"FO2","ST" 34,26,1,2,6,30,48,"DETROIT EDISON CO (THE)","MONROE",0,"BIT COAL",5109,"0M",1294,,,95,2055700,868