Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

DICTIONARY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. DICTIONARY Keywords 8-12 September ... Manual DICTIONARY PURPOSE Symbolic name for DATAPLOT's dictionary file. ...

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

2

dictionary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Collections (C#) implementing stacks, queues, linked lists, binary search trees, AVL trees, and dictionaries. Go to the Dictionary of Algorithms and ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

3

Glossary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Glossary This glossary contains definitions of the technical terms used in this report and employed by respondents in completing Form EIA--23, “Annual ...

4

Hmong For Beginners Glossary Part 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

English-Hmong Glossary by Elizabeth RiddleThis is a brief glossary rather than a full dictionary and

Riddle, Elizabeth

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

next up previous Next: Identifiers Up: No Title Previous: Setup. Glossary. between-subjects design. each subject is assigned ...

6

Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center - Glossary Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center - Glossary Contents taken from Glossary: Carbon Dioxide and Climate, 1990. ORNL/CDIAC-39, Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Third Edition. Edited by: Fred O'Hara Jr. A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, Z A ablation (glacial) All processes, which include melting, evaporation (sublimation), wind erosion, and calving (breaking off of ice masses), that remove snow or ice from a glacier or snowfield. The term also refers to the amount of snow or ice removed by these processes. abscission Shedding by a plant of its parts, such as leaves, flowers, fruits, or seeds. The process is regulated by the plant hormone abscisic acid. absorption coefficient

7

Glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Specific forging processes defined in this Glossary include closed-die forging , high-energy-rate forging , hot upset forging , isothermal forging , open-die forging , powder forging , precision forging , radial forging , ring rolling , roll forging , rotary forging , and rotary swaging . forging....

8

Glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Specific forging processes defined in this Glossary include closed-die forging , high-energy-rate forging , hot upset forging , isothermal forging , open-die forging , powder forging , precision839 forging , radial forging , ring rolling , roll forging , rotary forging , and rotary swaging . forging...

9

GLOSSARY OF WATER RESOURCES TERMS Compiled by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;GLOSSARY OF WATER RESOURCES TERMS Compiled by WRRC Staff D.C. Water Resources Research Center.........................................................................................................................03 Part I Glossary of Terms;PREFACE The glossary of water research terms was compiled from a variety of other glossaries, dictionaries

District of Columbia, University of the

10

Glossary | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Glossary Glossary Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Glossary Add.png Add a Definition 2 2-M Probe Survey A Acoustic Logs Acoustic Televiewer Active Seismic Techniques Active Sensors Adaptive Protection Adequacy Adjacent Balancing Authority Advanced Interrupting Switch Advanced Metering Infrastructure Advanced Metering Infrastructure (Ami) / Smart Meters Advanced Transmission Applications Adverse Reliability Impact Aerial Photography Aeromagnetic Survey Air Cooling Airborne Gravity Survey Airborne Gravity Survey Algae Algae fuel Alternating current Alternative-fuel vehicle Alternator Altitude Correction Factor Ampere Analytical Modeling Ancillary Service Ancillary Services Revenue Angle of incidence Anode Anthracite coal Anti-Aliasing Filter Area Control Error Arranged Interchange Artesian Well

11

Glossary * Appendix Two Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glossary * Appendix Two Glossary * Appendix Two Glossary Barrel (Oil): A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Barrels per Day (Operable Refinery Capacity): The maximum number of barrels of in- put that can be processed during a 24-hour period after making allowances for the following limitations: the capability of downstream facilities to absorb the output of crude oil process- ing facilities of a given refinery (no reduction is made when a planned distribution of inter- mediate streams through other than downstream facilities is part of a refinery's normal op- eration); the types and grades of inputs to be processed; the types and grades of products to be manufactured; the environmental constraints associated with refinery operations; the re- duction of capacity for scheduled downtime, such as routine inspection, mechanical prob-

12

CMS Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glossary Glossary CMS Outreach Glossary CMS Filter Farm Glossary CMS Trigger & DAQ Acronyms CMS Workbook Acronyms of High-Energy Physics ATLAS Glossary DZero DAQ Shifters' Glossary Fermilab Accelerator Glossary LHC Naming & Conventions Google / Wikipedia A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Numbered Items Miscellaneous -A- ADC Analog to Digital Converter AFS Andrew File System AJAX Asynchronous JavaScript And XML API Application Program Interface ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode -B- BER Bit Error Rate BMU Barrel Muon Group BX Beam Crossing -C- CLHEP Class Library for HEP CMKIN CMS Kinematics Package CMF Computer Management Framework CMS Compact Muon Solenoid CMSSW CMS Software CPT Computing, Physics and Trigger/DAQ Project CVS Concurrent Versions System

13

Smart Grid Glossary | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Glossary Glossary Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Smart Grid Glossary Add.png Add a Smart Grid definition A Adaptive Protection Adjacent Balancing Authority Advanced Interrupting Switch Advanced Metering Infrastructure (Ami) / Smart Meters Adverse Reliability Impact Altitude Correction Factor Ancillary Service Ancillary Services Revenue Anti-Aliasing Filter Area Control Error Arranged Interchange Automated Feeder And Line Switching Automated Islanding And Reconnection Automated Voltage And Var Control Automatic Generation Control Available Transfer Capability B Balancing Authority Balancing Authority Area Base Load Bes Emergency Blackstart Capability Plan Bulk Electric System Burden C Capacity Benefit Margin Capacity Emergency Capacity Revenue Cascading Outage Circuit Peak Load Management

14

Common Platform Enumeration (CPE): Dictionary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Common Platform Enumeration (CPE): Dictionary. ... CPE Dictionary Resources. Release 2.3. CPE 2.3 Dictionary Resources (August 2011). ...

2012-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

15

Nostratic Dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research By Aharon Dolgopolsky Nostratic Dictionary Published by: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research University of Cambridge Downing Street Cambridge, UK CB2 3ER (0)(1223) 339336 (0... - tratic homeland in western Asia of at least two of the constituent language families. Its application to the Dravidian family, however, looks more doubtful in the light of recent work on the origins and domes - tication of food plants in central...

Dolgopolsky, Aharon

2008-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

16

ARM - Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govAboutGlossary govAboutGlossary About Become a User Recovery Act Mission FAQ Outreach Displays History Organization Participants Facility Statistics Forms Contacts Facility Documents ARM Management Plan (PDF, 335KB) Field Campaign Guidelines (PDF, 1.1MB) ARM Climate Research Facility Expansion Workshop (PDF, 1.46MB) Facility Activities ARM and the Recovery Act Contributions to International Polar Year Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Acronyms / Glossary 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A absolute humidity The mass of water vapor in a given volume. absolutely stable air An atmospheric condition that exists when the environmental lapse rate is less than the moist adiabatic lapse rate. absolutely unstable air

17

Smart Grid Glossaries and Acronyms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. Glossaries and Acronyms. The world of ... and phrases. Glossary at SmartGrid.gov website. Glossary ...

2013-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

18

Manufacturing Glossary  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Efficiency Web Site. If you need assistance in viewing this page, please call (202) 586-8800 Energy Efficiency Web Site. If you need assistance in viewing this page, please call (202) 586-8800 Home > Energy Users > Energy Efficiency Page > Glossary for the Manufacturing Sector Glossary For the Manufacturing Sector Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons. Biomass: Organic nonfossil material of biological origin constituting a renewable energy source. Blast Furnace: A shaft furnace in which solid fuel (coke) is burned with an air blast to smelt ore in a continuous operation. Blast Furnace Gas: The waste combustible gas generated in a blast furnace when iron ore is being reduced with coke to metallic iron. It is commonly used as a fuel within the steel works. Boiler Fuel: An energy source to produce heat that is transferred to the boiler vessel in order to generate steam or hot water. Fossil fuels are the primary energy sources used to produce heat for boilers.

19

Glossary of Terms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Glossary of Terms, Surface Engineering, Vol 5, ASM Handbook, ASM International, 1994, p 944â??973...

20

Illustrated petroleum reference dictionary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An illustrated dictionary covering the petroleum industry from oil exploration to refining is presented. More than 2500 subjects are addressed and the dictionary includes sections on university conversion factors and abbreviations.

Langenkamp, R.D. (ed.)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Dictionary of Computer Graphics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fisher,R.B. Werghi,N. The CRC Dictionary of Computer Science, Engineering and Technology, CRC Press CRC Press

Fisher, R.B.; Werghi, N.

22

Anthropometric Landmark VRML Glossary Humanoid ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... AnthroGloss - A 3D Visual Anthropometric Landmark Glossary. by ... This VRML world is a visual anthropometric glossary. The ...

23

Glossary of Screen Labels for PARS II V1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Glossary 1 Glossary 1 Glossary of Screen Labels for PARS II V1.0.0 Goal The primary goal of this glossary is to help PARS II end users understand the items of data that they are viewing or entering on their PARS II application screens. It does not provide technical information on the schema of the PARS II database. A separate PARS II Data Dictionary document is being provided for PARS II users who need such technical information. Overview This document consists of a table defining each data label displayed on PARS II screens. It is divided into sections by PARS II screen title. To find the meaning of a data item, first find the section describing the relevant screen, then find the particular screen label description. The sections are listed in order of the major functional area of the PARS II System:

24

Glossary - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Glossary APIGravity:Anarbitraryscaleexpressingthegravityor density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees ...

25

Big Data Solutions Glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Big Data Solutions Reference Glossary (14 pages) Very brief descriptions and links are listed here to provide starting ...

2013-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

26

Particle Morphology Glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Contents || Index. 12/08/2009. Glossary of Morphology Terms (or Form Terms). Included in the Spreadsheet Tool. For Scanning ...

27

Glossary - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration 137 Energy Policy Act Transportation Study: Interim Report on Natural Gas Flows and Rates Glossary Affiliated ...

28

Dictionary of the environment  

SciTech Connect

Environmental science embraces and draws on terms from many disciplines including: biology, chemistry, geology, economics and geography. This dictionary defines and explains the relevant terms.

Allaby, M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

NPP Database Dictionary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The NPP Database Dictionary defines the common terms, codes, and conventions used in the database. Data in the NPP Database may have been reformatted to achieve consistency in...

30

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glossary to someone by Glossary to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Glossary on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Glossary on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Glossary on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Glossary on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Glossary on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Glossary on AddThis.com... Publications Program Publications Technical Publications Educational Publications Newsletter Program Presentations Multimedia Conferences & Meetings Webinars Data Records Databases Glossary Quick Links Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen Storage Fuel Cells Technology Validation Manufacturing Codes & Standards Education Systems Analysis Contacts Glossary

31

Illustrated petroleum reference dictionary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An illustrated dictionary with approximately 3,000 entries is presented. Many of the entries are illustrated. In addition to the dictionary section, a section on universal conversion factors is presented, along with a section on common abbreviations used in the petroleum industry. (JMT)

Langenkamp, R.D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Dictionary of petroleum terms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Terms included in the dictionary come from writers and contributors of the Petroleum Extension Service of Texas (PETEC), which constantly revises and updates the material to keep it current. Over 170 pages of petroleum-related words include those involving exploration, production, processing, transport, marketing, and use. Lists of abbreviations, units, and metric equivalents and prefixes follow the dictionary.

Leecraft, J. (ed.)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

SYSTRAN MT dictionary development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SYSTRAN has demonstrated success in the MT field with its long history spanning nearly 30 years. As a general-purpose fully automatic MT system, SYSTRAN employs a transfer approach. Among its several components, large, carefully encoded, high-quality dictionaries are critical to SYSTRAN's translation capability. A total of over 2.4 million words and expressions are now encoded in the dictionaries for twelve source language systems (30 language pairs- one per year!). SYSTRAN'S dictionaries, along with its parsers, transfer modules, and generators, have been tested on huge amounts of text, and contain large terminology databases covering various domains and detailed linguistic rules. Using these resources, SYSTRAN MT systems have successfully served practical translation needs for nearly 30 years, and built a reputation in the MT world for their large, mature dictionaries. This paper describes various aspects of SYSTRAN MT dictionary development as an important part of the development and refinement of SYSTRAN MT systems. There are 4 major sections: 1) Role and Importance of Dictionaries in the SYSTRAN Paradigm describes the importance of coverage and depth in the dictionaries; 2) Dictionary Structure discusses the specifics of

Laurie Gerber; Jin Yang

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Video Glossary of Scientific Terminology from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

References to scientific publications, whatever the specific field, are filled with terminology that may be new to the layperson. A standard dictionary may not help, and a scientific dictionary can often be just as esoteric in its definition as the original term was. The Video Glossary from Berkeley Lab allows users to see and hear a real scientist not only define and explain a term in plain language, but put it into context. Why is this term important and what's it related to? Terms such as cp violation, geologic carbon sequestration, biofuels, and many others are clearly explained or illustrated. The Video Glossary is growing daily and welcomes suggestions from users.

35

Internet Users’ Glossary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Status of this Memo This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. There are many networking glossaries in existence. This glossary concentrates on terms which are specific to the Internet. Naturally, there are entries for some basic terms and acronyms because other entries refer to them. Acknowledgements This document is the work of the User Glossary Working Group of the

G. Malkin; Xylogics Inc; T. Laquey Parker

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Glossary - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Electric Power Monthly June 2012 167 Glossary Anthracite: ... the electric department at tariff or other specified rates

37

Glossary Term - Tritium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Titans Previous Term (Titans) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Uranus) Uranus Tritium Discovered in 1934, tritium is an unstable isotope of the element hydrogen. An atom of tritium...

38

Glossary Term - Pluto  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pallas Previous Term (Pallas) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Positron) Positron Pluto A computer enhanced image of Pluto made from Hubble Space Telescope images taken in 1994....

39

Glossary Term - Cloud Chamber  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ceres Previous Term (Ceres) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Composition of the Earth's Atmosphere) Composition of the
Earth's Atmosphere Cloud Chamber A cloud chamber showing the...

40

Glossary Term - Beta Particle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Decay Previous Term (Beta Decay) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Bohr Radius) Bohr Radius Beta Particle Beta particles are either electrons or positrons ejected from the nucleus....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Glossary Term - Alpha Particle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Decay Previous Term (Alpha Decay) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Atomic Number) Atomic Number Alpha Particle alphaparticle.gif Produced during alpha decay, an alpha particle is a...

42

Glossary Term - Deuterium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cyclotron Previous Term (Cyclotron) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Deuteron) Deuteron Deuterium Discovered in 1932 by Harold C. Urey, deuterium is a stable isotope of the element...

43

Glossary Term - Pallas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nucleus Previous Term (Nucleus) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Pluto) Pluto Pallas Pallas is an asteroid located between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. Discovered on March 28,...

44

Glossary Term - Prometheus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Positron Previous Term (Positron) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Proton) Proton Prometheus In Greek mythology, Promethus was the son of the Titan Iapetus. He fought with Zeus...

45

Glossary Term - Neutron Emission  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron Previous Term (Neutron) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Niobe) Niobe Neutron Emission After neutron emission, an atom contains one less neutron. Neutron emission is one...

46

Glossary Term - Atomic Number  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Particle Previous Term (Alpha Particle) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Avogadro's Number) Avogadro's Number Atomic Number Silver's atomic number is 47 The atomic number is equal to...

47

Glossary Term - Proton Emission  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proton Previous Term (Proton) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Quark) Quark Proton Emission After proton emission, an atom contains one less proton. Proton emission is one process...

48

Glossary Term - Cyclotron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the
Earth's Atmosphere Previous Term (Composition of the Earth's Atmosphere) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Deuterium) Deuterium Cyclotron A cyclotron is a device used to...

49

Glossary Term - Proton  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prometheus Previous Term (Prometheus) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Proton Emission) Proton Emission Proton A Proton Protons are positively charged particles found within atomic...

50

Glossary Term - Alpha Decay  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Universe Previous Term (10 Most Abundant Elements in the Universe) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Alpha Particle) Alpha Particle Alpha Decay Alpha Decay Diagram Alpha decay is one...

51

Glossary Term - Neutron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutrino Previous Term (Neutrino) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Neutron Emission) Neutron Emission Neutron A Neutron Neutrons are uncharged particles found within atomic nuclei....

52

Glossary Term - Isotope  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Helios Previous Term (Helios) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Joule) Joule Isotope The Three Isotopes of Hydrogen - Protium, Deuterium and Tritium Atoms that have the same number of...

53

Glossary Term - Positron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pluto Previous Term (Pluto) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Prometheus) Prometheus Positron A Positron The antimatter counterpart of the electron, positrons were discovered in 1932...

54

Glossary Term - Niobe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron Emission Previous Term (Neutron Emission) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Nucleus) Nucleus Niobe In Greek mythology, Niobe was the daughter of Tantalus. She was punished by...

55

Glossary Term - Lepton  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Joule Previous Term (Joule) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Liquid Nitrogen) Liquid Nitrogen Lepton Leptons are particles with little mass that interact through the electromagnetic...

56

Genomewide Motif Identification Using a Dictionary Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D. Siggia, “Building a dictionary for genomes: identi?cationIdenti?cation Using a Dictionary Model Chiara Sabatti andsurveys and develops a dictionary model for recognizing

Sabatti, Chiara; Lange, Kenneth

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Dictionary of Upriver Halkomelem, Volume I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Concise Nuxalk-English Dictionary. Mercury Series, EthnologyThompson River Salish dictionary, n|e§kepmxcín. UMOPL 12,Nile. 1979. A Preliminary Dictionary of the Twana Language.

Galloway, Brent Douglas

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

The environmental dictionary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Environmental Dictionary was designed for individuals researching environmental regulations in the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Protection of the Environment (40 CFR). This book defines the highly technical and sometimes confusing terminology used throughout 40 CFR. Definitions are from two sources: (1) Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Protection of the Environment, Revised as of July 1, 1987, and (2) The Federal Register (updates pertaining to 40 CFR) for the period covering 1 July 1987 through 30 June 1989. The Dictionary contains numerous cross-referencing and finding aids. Beyond its use in interpreting Title 40 regulations, the Dictionary may be of value to individuals that are in need of a dictionary that covers the myriad of technical terms used in the environmental sciences including the biological, chemical, legal, and planning aspects.

King, J.J. (ed.)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

DRAFT Glossary of AFIS Terms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. DRAFT Glossary of AFIS Terms Latent Print AFIS Interoperability Working Group Page 2. DRAFT Glossary of AFIS Terms 2 ...

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

60

Compressed String Dictionaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem of storing a set of strings --- a string dictionary --- in compact form appears naturally in many cases. While classically it has represented a small part of the whole data to be processed (e.g., for Natural Language processing or for indexing text collections), more recent applications in Web engines, Web mining, RDF graphs, Internet routing, Bioinformatics, and many others, make use of very large string dictionaries, whose size is a significant fraction of the whole data. Thus novel approaches to compress them efficiently are necessary. In this paper we experimentally compare time and space performance of some existing alternatives, as well as new ones we propose. We show that space reductions of up to 20% of the original size of the strings is possible while supporting fast dictionary searches.

Brisaboa, Nieves R; Martínez-Prieto, Miguel A; Navarro, Gonzalo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Improving PPM Using Dictionaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a method to improve traditional character-based PPM text compression algorithms. Consider a text file as a sequence of alternating words and non-words, the basic idea of our algorithm is to encode non-words and prefixes of words using character-based context models and encode suffixes of words using dictionary models. By using dictionary models, the algorithm can encode multiple characters as a whole, and thus enhance the compression efficiency. The advantages of the proposed algorithm are: 1) it does not require any text preprocessing; 2) it does not need any explicit codeword to identify switch between context and dictionary models; 3) it can be applied to any character-based PPM algorithms without incurring much additional computational cost. Test results show that significant improvements can be obtained over character-based PPM, especially in low order cases.

Hu, Yichuan; Zhang,; Khan, Farooq; Li, Ying

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

XCCDF Language Schema Element Dictionary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

- Extensible Configuration Checklist Description Format - Element Dictionary. Schema: XCCDF Language; Version: 1.2; Release Date: 2011-07-26. ...

2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

63

Project Financing Glossary | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Financing Glossary Project Financing Glossary Provides definitions for common energy project financing terms. ProjectFinancingGlossary.pdf More Documents & Publications...

64

Shale Gas Glossary | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Centers Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Shale Gas Glossary Shale Gas Glossary Shale Gas Glossary Energy.gov Careers & Internships...

65

Internet Security Glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Glossary (191 pages of definitions and 13 pages of references) provides abbreviations, explanations, and recommendations for use of information system security terminology. The intent is to improve the comprehensibility of writing that deals with ...

R. Shirey

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Glossary Term - Dry Ice  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deuteron Previous Term (Deuteron) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Electron) Electron Dry Ice A block of dry ice sublimating on a table. Dry ice is the solid form of carbon dioxide...

67

Glossary Term - Avogadro's Number  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atomic Number Previous Term (Atomic Number) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Beta Decay) Beta Decay Avogadro's Number Avogadro's number is the number of particles in one mole of a...

68

Glossary Term - Vanadis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Van de Graaff Generator Previous Term (Van de Graaff Generator) Glossary Main Index Next Term (10 Most Abundant Compounds in the Earth's Crust) 10 Most Abundant Compounds
in the...

69

Glossary Term - Liquid Nitrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lepton Previous Term (Lepton) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Mercury) Mercury Liquid Nitrogen Liquid nitrogen boils in a frying pan on a desk. The liquid state of the element...

70

Glossary Term - Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Liquid Nitrogen Previous Term (Liquid Nitrogen) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Mole) Mole Mercury Mercury as seen by the Mariner 10 spacecraft on March 24, 1974. Mercury is the...

71

Glossary Term - Mole  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mercury Previous Term (Mercury) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Neptune) Neptune Mole A mole of a substance is the mass, in grams, that is numerically equal to that substance's...

72

Glossary Term - Helios  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Half-life Previous Term (Half-life) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Isotope) Isotope Helios The sun seen in Hydrogen-alpha light. In Greek mythology, Helios was god of the sun....

73

Glossary Term - Nucleus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Niobe Previous Term (Niobe) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Pallas) Pallas Nucleus The nucleus of a nitrogen-14 atom. Discovered by Ernest Rutherford in 1911, the nucleus is the...

74

Glossary Term - Deuteron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deuterium Previous Term (Deuterium) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Dry Ice) Dry Ice Deuteron A Deuteron The nucleus of a deuterium atom. A deuteron consists of one proton and one...

75

Glossary Term - Joule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Isotope Previous Term (Isotope) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Lepton) Lepton Joule A joule is the amount of work done when a force of one Newton is applied through a distance of...

76

Glossary Term - Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bohr Radius Previous Term (Bohr Radius) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Ceres) Ceres Catalyst A catalyst is a substance that increases the speed of a chemical reaction without being...

77

Glossary Term - Thor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tantalus Previous Term (Tantalus) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Titans) Titans Thor In Norse mythology, Thor is the god of thunder and the son of Odin and Earth. Thor possesses a...

78

Glossary Term - Titans  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thor Previous Term (Thor) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Tritium) Tritium Titans In Greek mythology, the Titans are the offspring of Earth and Sky and ruled before being overthrown...

79

Glossary Term - Gluon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Volt (eV) Previous Term (Electron Volt (eV)) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Half-life) Half-life Gluon Gluons are the particles responsible for binding quarks to each other....

80

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Glossary  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

AFDC AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Glossary to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Glossary on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Glossary on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Glossary on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Glossary on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Glossary on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Glossary on AddThis.com... Glossary Use this comprehensive glossary to define terms commonly used in the alternative fuels and advanced vehicles industry. If you have questions about specific technologies or fuels, contact the Technical Response Service at 1-800-254-6735. Click on the appropriate letter. · A· B· C· D· E· F· G· H· I· J· K· L· M· N· O· P· Q· R· S· T· U· V· W· X· Y· Z·

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Servant dictionary battery, map  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Attic *** book teachest Servant dictionary scarf [11] Winery demijohn battery, map AuntLair X] EastAnnex battery[4] Cupboard2 [2] mask DeadEnd rucksack AlisonWriting [16] TinyBalcony [17] gold key. [2] Need new torch battery (see [4]) to enter. Then get painting. [3] To please aunt, must move

Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

82

A GLOSSARY OF STANDARDS-RELATED TERMINOLOGY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. A GLOSSARY OF STANDARDS-RELATED TERMINOLOGY ... v Page 6. Abstract A GLOSSARY OF STANDARDS-REIATED TERMINOLOGY ...

2011-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

83

Glossary - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

help annotate. Contents Next: About this document Up: Continued Fractions and Chaos Previous: References. Glossary. [Annotate] [Shownotes]. Continued ...

84

REDD Glossary | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Organization: Pact Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Resource Type: Guidemanual, Training materials Website: pactworld.orgcsreddglossary REDD Glossary Screenshot...

85

Glossary of Terms in TDE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Glossary of Terms used in ThermoData Engine (TDE): Alternative Equations (Navigation Tree item): For most properties ...

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

86

The Macromolecular CIF Dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ant to the macromolecular crystallographic experiment. This working group was chaired by Paula Fitzgerald (Merck) and included Enrique Abola (Protein Data Bank), Helen Berman (Rutgers), Phil Bourne (then at Columbia) Eleanor Dodson (York), Art Olson (Scripps), Wolfgang Steigemann (Martinsreid), Lynn Ten Eyck (SDSC), and Keith Watenpaugh (then Upjohn). The original short term goal of the working group was to fulfill the mandate set by the IUCr: to define CIF data names that needed to be included in the CIF dictionary in order to adequately describe the macromolecular crystallographic experiment and its results. Long term goals were also established: to provide sufficient data names so that the experimental section of a structure paper could be written automatically and to facilitate the development of tools so that computer programs could easily interface with mmCIF. During the course of the development of the mmCIF dictionary, however, these goals were greatly expanded, and the resulti

Paula Fitzgerald; Phil Bourne; Brian Mcmahon; Keith Watenpaugh; John

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Glossary | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Glossary Glossary Glossary Alluvial aquifer: The alluvial aquifer is composed of unconsolidated sediments (silt, sand, gravel, cobbles) deposited by stream flow. Alternate concentration limit: Concentration of a constituent that may exceed the maximum concentration limit; or, a limit for a constituent without a maximum concentration limit. If DOE demonstrates, and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission concurs, that human health and the environment would not be adversely affected, DOE may meet an alternate concentration limit. Ambient contamination: Naturally occurring constituents in groundwater (i.e., constituents that are not due to ore processing) that are present in concentrations sufficiently high to render the water undesirable or unfit for domestic use. Aquifer: A body of rock or sediment that is saturated and sufficiently

88

Corrective Action Glossary  

SciTech Connect

The glossary of technical terms was prepared to facilitate the use of the Corrective Action Plan (CAP) issued by OSWER on November 14, 1986. The CAP presents model scopes of work for all phases of a corrective action program, including the RCRA Facility Investigation (RFI), Corrective Measures Study (CMS), Corrective Measures Implementation (CMI), and interim measures. The Corrective Action Glossary includes brief definitions of the technical terms used in the CAP and explains how they are used. In addition, expected ranges (where applicable) are provided. Parameters or terms not discussed in the CAP, but commonly associated with site investigations or remediations are also included.

Not Available

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Statistical Mechanics of Dictionary Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finding a basis matrix (dictionary) by which objective signals are represented sparsely is of major relevance in various scientific and technological fields. We consider a problem to learn a dictionary from a set of training signals. We employ techniques of statistical mechanics of disordered systems to evaluate the size of the training set necessary to typically succeed in the dictionary learning. The results indicate that the necessary size is much smaller than previously estimated, which theoretically supports and/or encourages the use of dictionary learning in practical situations.

Sakata, Ayaka

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Conservation and the Law: A Dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conservation and the Law: A Dictionary By Debra L. DonahueConservation and The Law: A Dictionary. Santa Barbara, CA:to Environment and the Law: A Dictionary (1995), which is a

Johnson, William T.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Reconstructing Ancestral Haplotypes with a Dictionary Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

identi?cation using a dictionary model. IEEE Proceedings 90,E. D. 2000. Building a dictionary for genomes: identi?cationHaplotypes with a Dictionary Model KRISTIN L. AYERS 1 ,

Kristin L. Ayers; Chiara Sabatti; Kenneth Lange

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Reconstructing Ancestral Haplotypes with a Dictionary Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

identi?cation using a dictionary model. IEEE Proceedings 90,E. D. 2000. Building a dictionary for genomes: identi?cationHaplotypes with a Dictionary Model KRISTIN L. AYERS 1 ,

Ayers, Kristen L; Sabatti, Chiara; Lange, Kenneth

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Dictionary of LHC Signatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a plan to establish a "Dictionary of LHC Signatures", an initiative that started at the WHEPPX workshop in January 2008. This study aims towards the strategy on distinguishing of 3 classes of dark matter motivated scenarios such as R-parity conserved supersymmetry, Little Higgs models with T-parity conservation and Universal Extra Dimensions with KK-parity for generic cases of their realization in wide range of the model space. Discriminating signatures are tabulated and will need a further detailed analysis.

A. Belyaev; I. A. Christidi; A. De Roeck; R. M. Godbole; B. Mellado; A. Nyffeler; C. Petridou; D. P. Roy

2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

94

Dictionary on Lie Superalgebras  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main definitions and properties of Lie superalgebras are proposed a la facon de a short dictionary, the different items following the alphabetical order. The main topics deal with the structure of simple Lie superalgebras and their finite dimensional representations; rather naturally, a few pages are devoted to supersymmetry. This modest booklet has two ambitious goals: to be elementary and easy to use. The beginner is supposed to find out here the main concepts on superalgebras, while a more experimented theorist should recognize the necessary tools and informations for a specific use.

L. Frappat; A. Sciarrino; P. Sorba

1996-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

95

Project Financing Glossary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PROJECT FINANCING GLOSSARY PROJECT FINANCING GLOSSARY 144A offering An offering under Rule 144A of the Securities Act of 1933. Refers to a type of security that is exempt from registration with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Only for sale to "qualified institutional buyers" typically controlling at least $100 million in investable assets. Amortization Distribution of debt repayments over multiple periods, usually in regular installments that include both principal and interest. DSCR Debt-Service Coverage Ratio. Gives an indication of the cash flow available to meet the interest and principal payments on a debt. Is expressed as a number calculated using this formula: DSCR = net operating income / total debt service payments. Potential investors prefer businesses with a DSCR > 1. A DSCR < 1 indicates negative

96

Vehicle Technologies Office: Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glossary Glossary A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z A Adsorption: The adhesion of the molecules of gases, dissolved substances, or liquids in more or less concentrated form to the surface of solids or liquids with which they are in contact. Commercial adsorbent materials have enormous internal surfaces. AEMD (Automotive Electric Drive Motor): A U.S. Department of Energy program to develop low-cost traction drive motors for automotive applications. Aerosol: A cloud consisting of particles dispersed in a gas or gases. AIPM (Automotive Integrated Power Module) A U.S. Department of Energy program to integrate the power devices, control electronics, and thermal management of a vehicle into a single low-cost package that will meet all requirements for automotive motor control applications.

97

CPE - Common Platform Enumeration Dictionary Statistics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Official Common Platform Enumeration (CPE) Dictionary Statistics. CPE is a structured naming scheme for information technology ...

98

Glossary of Health Coverage and Medical Terms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glossary of Health Coverage and Medical Terms Page 1 of 4 Glossary of Health Coverage and Medical Terms * This glossary has many commonly used terms, but isn't a full list. These...

99

Glossary of nuclear criticality terms  

SciTech Connect

This is a glossary of terms generally encountered in the literature of nuclear criticality and criticality safety. Terms sometimes misused are emphasized. 7 refs.

Paxton, H.C.

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

System D: Dependent Dynamic Dictionaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present System D, a novel dependent refinement type system that intermingles (semantic) logical refinement predicates and (syntactic) types in order to statically type dictionaries. Specifically, System D shows how McCarthy's theory of arrays can be used to precisely describe dictionary bindings, and uninterpreted predicate symbols can be used to embed classical type constructors (e.g. type variables, arrows, collections) into a decidable refinement logic. As a result, System D decomposes subtyping into a combination of SMT queries and classical syntactic subtyping, thereby enabling, for the first time, static type checking for programs that use dynamic dictionaries with polymorphic, higher-order functions.

Chugh, Ravi; Jhala, Ranjit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Dictionary Selection using Partial Matching  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work concerns the search for text compressors that compress better than existing dictionary coders, but run faster than statistical coders. We describe a new method for text compression using multiple dictionaries, one for each context of preceeding characters, where the contexts have varying lengths. The context to be used is determined using an escape mechanism similar to that of PPM methods. We describe modifications of three popular dictionary coders along these lines and experiments evaluating their effectiveness using the text files in the Calgary corpus. Our results suggest that modifying LZ77, LZFG, and LZW along these lines yields improvements in compression of about 3%, 6%, and 15%, respectively.

Dzung T. Hoang; Philip M. Long; Jeffrey Scott Vitter

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Luigi Boccherini: Dictionary of Persons, Places, and Terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1998; The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians,in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Stanleydead or alive). In this Dictionary the entry "Boccherini"

Tortella, Jaime

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Dictionary preconditioning for greedy algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article introduces the concept of sensing dictionaries. It presents an alteration of greedy algorithms like thresholding or (Orthogonal) Matching Pursuit which improves their performance in finding sparse signal representations in redundant dictionaries while maintaining the same complexity. These algorithms can be split into a sensing and a reconstruction step, and the former will fail to identify correct atoms if the cumulative coherence of the dictionary is too high. We thus modify the sensing step by introducing a special sensing dictionary. The correct selection of components is then determined by the cross cumulative coherence which can be considerably lower than the cumulative coherence. We characterise the optimal sensing matrix and develop a constructive method to approximate it. Finally we compare the performance of thresholding and OMP using the original and modified algorithms.

Karin Schnass; Pierre Vandergheynst

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Dictionary Learning: Performance through Consistency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present first results from our efforts in automatically increasing and adapting phonetic dictionaries for spontaneous speech recognition. Spontaneous speech adds a variety of phenomena to a speech recognition task: false starts [1], human and nonhuman noises [2], new words [3] and alternative pronunciations. All of these phenomena have to be tackled when adapting a speech recognition system for spontaneous speech. For phonetic dictionaries (especially for spontaneous speech) it is important to choose the pronunciations of a word according to the frequency in which they appear in the database rather than the "correct" pronunciation as it might be found in a lexicon. Additionally modifications of the dictionary should not lead to a higher phoneme confusability. Therefore we propose a data-driven approach to add new pronunciations to a given phonetic dictionary, in a way that they model the given occurrences of words in the database. We show how even a simple approach can lead to signi...

Tilo Sloboda

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Chapter 7 - Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7-1 7-1 CHAPTER 7 GLOSSARY actinide The 15 chemical elements with atomic numbers 89 to 103, inclusively. The group consists of actinium, thorium, protactinium, uranium, neptunium, plutonium, americium, curium, berkelium, californium, einsteinium, fermium, mendelevium, nobelium, and lawrencium. Actinide Source-Term Waste Test Program (STTP) Program designed to measure time-dependent concentrations of actinide elements from actual, contact-handled transuranic waste immersed in brines that are chemically similar to those found in the underground formations at WIPP. The program evaluated the effects of transuranic waste matrices and brine chemistry on the concentrations and behavior of actinides under WIPP bounding conditions. aqueous Related to water.

106

Glossary | Building Energy Codes Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glossary Glossary Site Map Printable Version Development Adoption Compliance Regulations Resource Center FAQs Publications Resource Guides eLearning Model Policies Glossary Related Links ACE Learning Series Utility Savings Estimators Glossary The following is a compilation of building energy-code related terms and acronyms used on the Building Energy Codes website and throughout the building construction industry. Select a letter to navigate through the glossary: Filter A (25) B (22) C (41) D (27) E (27) F (15) G (12) H (21) I (20) K (5) L (11) M (16) N (15) O (11) P (21) R (22) S (37) T (14) U (12) V (11) W (10) Z (1) AAMA Architectural Aluminum Manufacturers Association. Above-Grade Wall A wall that is not a below-grade wall. Above-Grade Walls Those walls (Section 802.2.1) on the exterior of the building and

107

Glossary Term - Neptune  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mole Mole Previous Term (Mole) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Neutrino) Neutrino Neptune Neptune as seen by the Voyager II spacecraft on August 14, 1989. Neptune is the eighth planet from the sun and takes 165 years to orbit the sun once. Neptune is about 4 times larger than the Earth and is about 17 times as massive. Neptune was discovered on September 23, 1846 based on calculations done by the French astronomer Urbain LeVerrier and the English astronomer John Adams. Neptune is also the Roman name for Poseidon, the god of the sea and earthquakes. Neptune was the son of Chronus and Rhea and carries the trident, a three pronged spear. Planetary Data Distance from Sun Length of Day Length of Year Radius Mass 30.069 AU 16.1 hours 164.79 years 24,764 km 1.02*1026 kg Known Satellites

108

Glossary Term - Beta Decay  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Avogadro's Number Avogadro's Number Previous Term (Avogadro's Number) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Beta Particle) Beta Particle Beta Decay Beta decay results in the emission of an electron and antineutrino, or a positron and neutrino. Beta decay is one process that unstable atoms can use to become more stable. There are two types of beta decay, beta-minus and beta-plus. During beta-minus decay, a neutron in an atom's nucleus turns into a proton, an electron and an antineutrino. The electron and antineutrino fly away from the nucleus, which now has one more proton than it started with. Since an atom gains a proton during beta-minus decay, it changes from one element to another. For example, after undergoing beta-minus decay, an atom of carbon (with 6 protons) becomes an atom of nitrogen (with 7 protons).

109

Glossary Term - Electron Capture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Electron Previous Term (Electron) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Electron Volt (eV)) Electron Volt (eV) Electron Capture After electron capture, an atom contains one less proton and one more neutron. Electron capture is one process that unstable atoms can use to become more stable. During electron capture, an electron in an atom's inner shell is drawn into the nucleus where it combines with a proton, forming a neutron and a neutrino. The neutrino is ejected from the atom's nucleus. Since an atom loses a proton during electron capture, it changes from one element to another. For example, after undergoing electron capture, an atom of carbon (with 6 protons) becomes an atom of boron (with 5 protons). Although the numbers of protons and neutrons in an atom's nucleus change

110

Glossary Term - Ceres  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Catalyst Catalyst Previous Term (Catalyst) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Cloud Chamber) Cloud Chamber Ceres Ceres is an asteroid located between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. Discovered on January 1, 1801 by Giuseppi Piazzi, Ceres was the first asteroid ever discovered. With a diameter of 1025 kilometers (637 miles), Ceres is also the largest known asteroid. Ceres is also the Roman name for the Greek goddess Demeter, the elder sister of Zeus and daughter of Cronus and Rhea. Demeter was the goddess of grain and helped the crops grow. One day her daughter, Persephone, was abducted by Hades. While Demeter searched for her missing daughter, no crops grew and people starved. Persephone was eventually found, but Hades refused to let her leave the underworld. As a compromise, Persephone is

111

Glossary Term - Uranus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tritium Tritium Previous Term (Tritium) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Van de Graaff Generator) Van de Graaff Generator Uranus Uranus as seen by the Voyager II spacecraft. Uranus is the seventh planet from the sun and takes 84 years to orbit the sun once. Uranus is about 4 times larger than the Earth and is about 14.5 times as massive. Uranus was discovered on March 13, 1781 by William Herschel. In greek mythology, Uranus was Father Sky. Planetary Data Distance from Sun Length of Day Length of Year Radius Mass 19.191 AU 17.2 hours 84.01 years 25,559 km 8.68*1025 kg Known Satellites Name Distance from Uranus Rotational Period Orbital Period Radius Cordelia 49,770 km -unknown- 0.335034 days 21 km Ophelia 53,790 km -unknown- 0.376400 days 23 km Bianca 59,170 km -unknown- 0.434579 days 27 km

112

LCLS CDR Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

C C Glossary ACO Anneaux Collisions Orsay, 500 MeV storage ring, LURE, Orsay, France ADC Analog to Digital Converter ADONE 1.5 GeV storage ring, Frascati, Italy ALS Advanced Light Source (LBNL) AMPERES 3D Magnet Modeling Code ANL Argonne National Laboratory APS Advanced Photon Source (ANL) ASSET Accelerator Structure Setup ATF Accelerator Test Facility (BNL) BBO BaB 2 O 4 , Beta barium Borate BC1 Bunch Compressor 1 BC2 Bunch Compressor 2 BC2-ED Emittance Diagnostic Station following BC2 BCS Beam Containment System BES Basic Energy Sciences (DOE) BESAC Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee BNL Brookhaven National Laboratory BPM Beam Position Monitor BSOIC Beam Shut-Off Ion Chamber BTM Burn Through Monitor BW Band Width CAMAC Computer Automated Measurement and Control

113

Improved Sparsity Thresholds Through Dictionary Splitting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Known sparsity thresholds for basis pursuit to deliver the maximally sparse solution of the compressed sensing recovery problem typically depend on the dictionary's coherence. While the coherence is easy to compute, it can lead to rather pessimistic thresholds as it captures only limited information about the dictionary. In this paper, we show that viewing the dictionary as the concatenation of two general sub-dictionaries leads to provably better sparsity thresholds--that are explicit in the coherence parameters of the dictionary and of the individual sub-dictionaries. Equivalently, our results can be interpreted as sparsity thresholds for dictionaries that are unions of two general (i.e., not necessarily orthonormal) sub-dictionaries.

Kuppinger, Patrick; Bölcskei, Helmut

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Indexing a dictionary for subset matching queries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a subset matching variant of the Dictionary Query problem. Consider a dictionary D of n strings, where each string location contains a set of characters drawn from some alphabet ?={1,...,|?|}. Our goal is to ...

Gad M. Landau; Dekel Tsur; Oren Weimann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Indexing a dictionary for subset matching queries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a subset matching variant of the Dictionary Query problem. Consider a dictionary D of n strings, where each string location contains a set of characters drawn from some alphabet ?. Our goal is to preprocess D so ...

Gad M. Landau; Dekel Tsur; Oren Weimann

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Feature article: adoption of an official ISEA glossary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF AN OFFICIAL ISEA GLOSSARY by *Dr. Valerie Zartarian, U.S.Key Words: terminology, glossary, nomenclature, IPCS, ISEA,an official ISEA glossary. Several related activities have

Zartarian, Valerie; Bahadori, Tina; McKone, Thomas

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Atomwirtschaft translation English | German dictionary | Reverso  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Atomwirtschaft translation english, German - English dictionary, meaning, see also 'Atomwissenschaft',atomisch',Atomwissenschaftler',Atomgewicht', example of use ...

118

On some deterministic dictionaries supporting sparsity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a new construction of an incoherent dictionary, referred to as the oscillator dictionary, which is based on considerations in the representation theory of finite groups. The oscillator dictionary consists of order of p^5 unit vectors in a Hilbert space of dimension p, where p is an odd prime, whose pairwise inner products have magnitude of at most 4/sqrt(p). An explicit algorithm to construct a large portion of the oscillator dictionary is presented.

Gurevich, Shamgar; Sochen, Nir

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Dictionary of PVT Subroutines and Functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dictionary of PVT Subroutines and Functions. All PVT documentation can be found under PHIGS Validation Tests - Overview. ...

120

Glossary: Carbon dioxide and climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Glossary contains definitions of selected CO{sub 2}-related terms as well as tables containing information related to CO{sub 2} and climate. Each term is defined with an emphasis on its relationship to CO{sub 2} and climate. Many of the definitions are then followed by a more detailed description of the term and its use. References to the literature from which the definitions were taken are listed at the end of the Glossary.

Not Available

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Glossary of Terms Used in DOE NEPA Documents | Department of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glossary of Terms Used in DOE NEPA Documents Glossary of Terms Used in DOE NEPA Documents This Glossary is provided as a resource for preparing technical glossaries and related...

122

ITL Bulletin - ITL Updates Glossary of Key Information Security ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... ITL UPDATES GLOSSARY OF KEY INFORMATION SECURITY TERMS ... ITL plans to keep the glossary current by providing updates online. ...

2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

123

SNODOG Glossary: Part 1, Introduction  

SciTech Connect

The SNODOG Glossary is used by the DOE-supported life-span beagle studies to describe medical observations in a standardized format. It is an adaptation of the human medical glossary, SNOMED, which lists 107,165 terms. Each of the five laboratories, Argonne National Laboratory, the Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory, the University of California at Davis, and the University of Utah, has selected an appropriate subset from the published SNOMED glossary and added beagle and research-specific terms. The National Radiobiology Archives is the coordinator of these enhancements, and periodically distributes SNODOG to the respective laboratories. Information donated by Colorado State University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory has been related to SNODOG and is available in a standardized format. This document is designed for the database manager and the scientist who will be managing or coding medical observations. It is also designed for the scientist analyzing coded information. The document includes: an overview of the NRA and the SNODOG glossary, a discussion of hardware requirements, a review of the SNODOG code structure and printed lists of the 4,770 terms which have been used at least once. Instructions for obtaining electronic copies of the glossary and for nominating additional terms are provided. This document describes the origins and structure of the SNODOG codes, explains code usage at each participating institution, and presents a usage frequency tabulation of the terms for neoplasia. A diskette or magnetic tape containing 15,641 SNODOG codes and translations is available on request.

Watson, C.R.

1993-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

SunShot Initiative: Solar Energy Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resources Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to SunShot Initiative: Solar Energy Glossary to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Solar Energy Glossary...

125

NIST Cybersecurity Framework - DRAFT Framework Glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DRAFT - Framework Glossary Term Draft Definition Category The logical subdivision of a function; one or more categories comprise a function. ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

126

Energy Information Administration - Natural Gas Glossary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration Deliverability on the Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline System 143 Glossary Abandonment: Regulatory permission to ...

127

Microsoft Word - glossary.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Glossary May 2005 Glossary May 2005 2004 Site Environmental Report G-1 Glossary ALARA An acronym for "as low as reasonably achievable." Used to describe an approach to radiation exposure and emissions control or management, whereby exposures and resulting doses to workers and the public are maintained as far below the specified limits as economic, technical, and practical considerations will permit. Alpha Particle Type of particulate radiation emitted from the nucleus of an atom. It consists of two protons and two neutrons. It does not travel long distances and loses its energy quickly. Aquifer A geologic formation, group of formations, or part of a formation that contains sufficient saturated permeable material to yield economical quantities of water to wells and springs.

128

Central Internet Database (CID) Glossary  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Glossary Glossary Central Internet Database CID Photo Banner Glossary # | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z # 11e(2) Byproduct Material Tailings or waste produced by the extraction or concentration of uranium or thorium from any ore processed primarily for its source material (i.e., uranium or thorium) content. This excludes underground ores depleted by uranium solution extraction operations (in situ leaching) that continue to remain underground. 11e(2) byproduct material is defined by law under Section 11e(2) of the Atomic Energy Act as amended by Title II of the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978. A Active Facility A facility that is being used to conduct DOE missions and has not yet been transferred to the Office of Environmental Management (EM) for management and/or cleanup.

129

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glossary Glossary This glossary contains terms and acronyms related to hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z - Acronyms A AC Generator (or Alternator) An electric device that produces an electric current that reverses direction many times per second. Also called a synchronous generator. Adsorption The adhesion of the molecules of gases, dissolved substances, or liquids to the surface of the solids or liquids with which they are in contact. Air The mixture of oxygen, nitrogen, and other gases that, with varying amounts of water vapor, forms the atmosphere of the earth. Alkaline Fuel Cell (AFC) A type of hydrogen/oxygen fuel cell in which the electrolyte is concentrated potassium hydroxide (KOH) and the hydroxide ions (OH-) are transported from the cathode to the anode.

130

Glossary of SSDC terms and acronyms. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

This combination glossary and list of acronyms and abbreviations was compiled to provide the user a ready reference to System Safety Development Center (SSDC) terms. The acronyms are from the publication INEL Acronyms published by the Technical Publications Group. This group updates these acronyms periodically; the version used in this report was dated October 1992.

Horman, R.L.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Dictionary Approaches To Image Compression And Reconstruction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper proposes using a collection of parameterized waveforms, known as a dictionary, for the purpose of medical image compression. These waveforms, denoted as f g , are discrete time signals, where g represents the dictionary index. A dictionary with a collection of these waveforms is typically complete or overcomplete. Given such a dictionary, the goal is to obtain a representation image based on the dictionary. We examine the effectiveness of applying Basis Pursuit (BP), Best Orthogonal Basis (BOB), Matching Pursuits (MP), and the Method of Frames (MOF) methods for the compression of digitized radiological images with a wavelet-packet dictionary. The performance of these algorithms is studied for medical images with and without additive noise. Keywords: Image coding and compression, Medical Image Processing, Signal Reconstruction, Wavelets Prepared through collaborative participation in the Advanced Telecommunications/Information Distribution Research Program (ATIRP) Consortiu...

Nigel A. Ziyad; Erwin T. Gilmore; Mohamed F. Chouikha

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Progress on the Multilingual Dictionary of . . .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Inspite of the existence of quite a few dictionaries of library terms there is a need for a new dictionary that covers the very specific terms and concepts of cataloging and the objects to be cataloged. The dictionary will comprise terms of "official" international documents esp. IFLA documents such as ISBDs, FRBR, GARR; Anglo-American international documents such as AACR, Dublin Core and machine-readable formats such as MARC21 and UNIMARC and national documents in comparison. The dictionary will have annotations and explanations in order to explain differences beyond the simple definitions in international and national use of terms. The source language will be English -- according to the above mentioned documents - with as many target languages as possible. The dictionary will be created under the auspices of IFLA; the members -- IFLA membership is not mandatory - will work on a voluntary basis; the future database should be freely accessible on IFLANET. The dictionary is supposed...

Th Ifla Council; Monika Muennich

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Linking English Words in Two Bilingual Dictionaries to Generate Another Language Pair Dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In developing a machine translation system, one of the difficult tasks is how to build a transfer dictionary.It

Satoshi Shirai; Kazuhide Yamamoto

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

On the Construction of Finite Oscillator Dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A finite oscillator dictionary which has important applications in sequences designs and the compressive sensing was introduced by Gurevich, Hadani and Sochen. In this paper, we first revisit closed formulae of the finite split oscillator dictionary $\\mathfrak{S}^s$ by a simple proof. Then we study the non-split tori of the group $SL(2,\\mathbb{F}_p)$. Finally, An explicit algorithm for computing the finite non-split oscillator dictionary $\\mathfrak{S}^{ns}$ is described.

Feng, Rongquan; Wang, Zilong; Wu, Hongfeng; Zhou, Kai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Hanford site technical baseline data dictionary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this Data Dictionary is to provide information concerning the structure and information contained in the Hanford Site Technical Baseline Database (HSTD).

Baynes, P.A. [Lockheed Martin Hanford Corp., Richland, WA (United States)

1997-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

136

Explicit implementation of a parallel dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report gives a complete implementation of a parallel dictionary based on 2-3 trees, using the parallel PRAM programming language fork. The implementations include procedures for creating and manipulating dictionary items by individual processors, searching in dictionaries, and parallel procedures for inserting and deleting collections of items. Procedures implementing parallel dictionary constructors and destructors are also provided. The implementations use the special fork constructs fork, for forming smaller groups of synchronously executing processors, and farm, designating an asynchronous context where strict statement level synchrony need not be enforced by the compiler. Both constructs add to the expressiveness and efficiency of the language. The parallel dictionary is a classical example of the use of the pipelining technique. Based on the concrete implementations given, a new language construct for implementing pipelined algorithms is proposed. Initial measurements performed using a simulator for the SB-PRAM being built at the University of Saarbrucken shows that the parallel incremental insertion and deletion operations are expensive compared to the batch operations of dictionary construction and destruction. An efficient parallel dictionary should therefore use the incremental operations only when the existing dictionary is large compared to the number of items that is to be inserted or deleted. More careful experiments are needed to determine when to switch. The parallel dictionary is part of the PAD library of PRAM algorithms and data structures.

Jesper Larsson Träff

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

devil's dictionary of security terms (nov 2013)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Devil's Dictionary of Security Terms November 2013 Roger Johnston Vulnerability Assessment Team Argonne National Laboratory Advanced Persistent Threat: (1) A buzzword to...

138

Forecast Technical Document Technical Glossary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forecast Technical Document Technical Glossary A document defining some of the terms used in the 2011 Production Forecast technical documentation. Tom Jenkins Robert Matthews Ewan Mackie Lesley in the Forecast documentation. In some cases, the terms and the descriptions are "industry standard", in others

139

static.nvd.nist.gov - /feeds/xml/cpe/dictionary/  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

static.nvd.nist.gov - /feeds/xml/cpe/dictionary/. [To Parent Directory] 3/1/2013 1:27 AM 17303838 official-cpe-dictionary_v2 ...

140

Astronomical Image Denoising Using Dictionary Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Astronomical images suffer a constant presence of multiple defects that are consequences of the intrinsic properties of the acquisition equipments, and atmospheric conditions. One of the most frequent defects in astronomical imaging is the presence of additive noise which makes a denoising step mandatory before processing data. During the last decade, a particular modeling scheme, based on sparse representations, has drawn the attention of an ever growing community of researchers. Sparse representations offer a promising framework to many image and signal processing tasks, especially denoising and restoration applications. At first, the harmonics, wavelets, and similar bases and overcomplete representations have been considered as candidate domains to seek the sparsest representation. A new generation of algorithms, based on data-driven dictionaries, evolved rapidly and compete now with the off-the-shelf fixed dictionaries. While designing a dictionary beforehand leans on a guess of the most appropriate representative elementary forms and functions, the dictionary learning framework offers to construct the dictionary upon the data themselves, which provides us with a more flexible setup to sparse modeling and allows to build more sophisticated dictionaries. In this paper, we introduce the Centered Dictionary Learning (CDL) method and we study its performances for astronomical image denoising. We show how CDL outperforms wavelet or classic dictionary learning denoising techniques on astronomical images, and we give a comparison of the effect of these different algorithms on the photometry of the denoised images.

S. Beckouche; J. L. Starck; J. Fadili

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Glossary of Health Coverage and Medical Terms Page 1 of 4 Glossary of Health Coverage and Medical Terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Glossary of Health Coverage and Medical Terms Page 1 of 4 Glossary of Health Coverage and Medical Terms · This glossary has many commonly used terms, but isn't a full list. These glossary terms in this Glossary. · See page 4 for an example showing how deductibles, co-insurance and out-of-pocket limits work

142

Glossary of Energy Related Terms | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Glossary of Energy Related Terms Glossary of Energy Related Terms August 20, 2013 - 9:20am Addthis Here you'll find a glossary of energy-related terms. A | B | C | D | E | F | G |...

143

D.C. WRRC Report No. GLOSSARY OF USEFUL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;#12;D.C. WRRC Report No. GLOSSARY OF USEFUL WATER RESEARCH TERMS The D.C. Water Resources PREFACE The glossary of water research terms was prepared from a compilation of glossaries from various

District of Columbia, University of the

144

WEB RESOURCE: Glossary of Nuclear Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 16, 2007 ... Topic Summary: An animated glossary of nuclear science terms ... A number of animations have been created to illustrate nuclear decay and ...

145

SunShot Initiative: Solar Energy Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

silicon wafer undergoes performance testing for efficiency at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The solar glossary contains definitions for technical terms related to...

146

Glossary of Terms | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glossary of Terms Term Definition API (source: howto.govapi) An Application Programming Interface, or API, is a set of software instructions and standards that allows machine to...

147

TREC 2007 Legal Track: Main Task Glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TREC 2007 Legal Track: Main Task Glossary. Revision History. 2007 Oct 2: st: first draft. qrelsL07.normal. The qrelsL07.normal ...

148

Data dictionary model for relational databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data Dictionary is an important tool in information engineering, especially when the data is maintained in relational structures. Using the formal concepts from which relational DBMS technology is derived, it is possible to construct a meta-informational dictionary to model relational database. This general model can be used to evaluate the design of existing and planned databases, as well as modeling business or scientific data. Such a dictionary model is described and its potential uses and benefits are explored with emphasis on integrity constraints. Issues related to the balancing of such formal conceptualization against real-world operations are presented.

Seesing, P.R.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Rotation invarient simultaneous clustering and dictionary learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an approach that simultaneously clusters database members and learns dictionaries from the clusters. The method learns dictionaries in the Radon transform domain, while clustering in the image domain. The main feature of the proposed approach is that it provides rotation invariant clustering which is useful in Content Based Image Retrieval (CBIR). We demonstrate through experimental results that the proposed rotation invariant clustering provides better retrieval performance than the standard Gabor-based method that has similar objectives. Index Terms — Radon transform, rotation invariance, clustering, dictionary learning, CBIR.

Yi-chen Chen; Challa S. Sastry; Vishal M. Patel; P. Jonathon Phillips

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Research Documentation & Data Dictionary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

additional information contact Support@Chainbridgetech.com additional information contact Support@Chainbridgetech.com Research Documentation & Data Dictionary http://www.NNSAResponseData.net Overview The NNSA Japan Response data repository portal is sponsored by the United States Department of Energy. The function of the portal is to provide a location where researchers and other government agencies may obtain scientific data collected during the response to the March 11 th , 2011 Tohoko earthquake. Please note that all data available on the portal is provided as a courtesy by the Department of Energy to the academic community. All data should be officially considered draft and used for research purposes only. No data available through the portal should be used for health and safety, environmental remediation, or other official purposes.

151

Towards grammaticality and fluency : characterizing and correcting ESL errors using dictionary random walks and other means  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Korean Dictionary . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Language andExample English-Korean dictionary graph for a subset of theand Correcting ESL Errors Using Dictionary Random Walks and

West, Randy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Dictionary Approximation For Matching Pursuit Video Coding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previously, we demonstrated an efficient video codec based on overcomplete signal decomposition using matching pursuits. Dictionary design is an important issue for this system, and others have shown alternate dictionaries which lead to either coding efficiency improvements or reduced encoder complexity. In this work, we introduce for the first time a design methodology which incorporates both coding efficiency and complexity in a systematic way. The key to our new method is an algorithm which takes an arbitrary 2-D dictionary and generates approximations of the dictionary which have fast 2-stage implementations. By varying the quality of the approximation, we can explore a systematic tradeoff between the coding efficiency and complexity of the matching pursuit video encoder. As a practical result, we show cases where complexity is reduced by a factor of 500 to 1000 in exchange for small coding efficiency losses of around 0.1 dB PSNR. 1. INTRODUCTION Most video codecs in use today ar...

Ralph Neff; Avideh Zakhor

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Dictionary learning under global sparsity constraint  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new method is proposed in this paper to learn overcomplete dictionary from training data samples. Differing from the current methods that enforce similar sparsity constraint on each of the input samples, the proposed method attempts to impose global sparsity constraint on the entire data set. This enables the proposed method to fittingly assign the atoms of the dictionary to represent various samples and optimally adapt to the complicated structures underlying the entire data set. By virtue of the sparse coding and sparse PCA techniques, a simple algorithm is designed for the implementation of the method. The efficiency and the convergence of the proposed algorithm are also theoretically analyzed. Based on the experimental results implemented on a series of signal and image data sets, it is apparent that our method performs better than the current dictionary learning methods in original dictionary recovering, input data reconstructing, and salient data structure revealing.

Meng, Deyu; Zhao, Qian; Xu, Zongben

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Glossary of terms related to load management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Part I of the Glossary of Terms related to Load Management has been prepared by the Terminology Task Force of the Load Management Subcommittee. The glossary contains many definitions of terms used by the electric utility industry concerning the subject of Load Management. The terms are listed in alphabetical order and cross-referenced where necessary.

Gellings, C.W.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Glossary: Energy-Related Carbon Emissions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Glossary: Energy-Related Carbon Emissions Glossary: Energy-Related Carbon Emissions Glossary: Energy-Related Carbon Emissions For additional terms, refer to: the Glossary of Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998 for additional greenhouse gas related terms, the Glossary of Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994 for additional manufacturing terms, and Appendix F of Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994 for descriptions of the major industry groups. British Thermal Unit: The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 pound of water by 1 degree Fahrenheit. One quadrillion Btu is 1015 Btu, or 1.055 exajoules. Btu: See British Thermal Unit. Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless, non-poisonous gas that is a normal part of Earth's atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is a product of fossil-fuel combustion as well as other processes. It is considered a greenhouse gas as it traps heat radiated into the atmosphere and thereby contributes to the potential for global warming.

156

ISGAN Smart Grid Glossary | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ISGAN Smart Grid Glossary ISGAN Smart Grid Glossary Jump to: navigation, search Not seeing a widget? (More info) ISGAN logo.png Smart Grid Glossary The ISGAN Glossary is a project of the International Smart Grid Action Network, a multilateral collaboration between governments to advance the development and deployment of smarter electric grid policies, practices and systems. The Glossary utilizes OpenEI's collaborative, wiki-based platform to collect and organize definitions of smart grid concepts from a variety of high-quality international sources, and to make them freely accessible to policymakers and the public. Add.png Add a Smart Grid definition A LikeLike UnlikeLike You and 3 others like this.3 people like this. Sign Up to see what your friends like. Adaptive Protection Adjacent Balancing Authority

157

The Sample Complexity of Dictionary Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A large set of signals can sometimes be described sparsely using a dictionary, that is, every element can be represented as a linear combination of few elements from the dictionary. Algorithms for various signal processing applications, including classification, denoising and signal separation, learn a dictionary from a set of signals to be represented. Can we expect that the representation found by such a dictionary for a previously unseen example from the same source will have L_2 error of the same magnitude as those for the given examples? We assume signals are generated from a fixed distribution, and study this questions from a statistical learning theory perspective. We develop generalization bounds on the quality of the learned dictionary for two types of constraints on the coefficient selection, as measured by the expected L_2 error in representation when the dictionary is used. For the case of l_1 regularized coefficient selection we provide a generalization bound of the order of O(sqrt(np log(m lambd...

Vainsencher, Daniel; Bruckstein, Alfred M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Dictionary Design Algorithms for Vector Map Compression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TThe enormous size of vector maps and limited storage available in hand-held devices... The cluster centroids obtained becomes our dictionary. Based on this dictionary, we encode the vector dataset that we obtained earlier. Since each vector would now be assigned to a particular cluster, that vector would now be represented in terms of a reference to that cluster's centroid entry in the dictionary. We formally show that this proposed dictionary construction approach often yields a lower error of approximation than the error from conventional fixed dictionary techniques. Experimental results with a road map representing the major US Highways confirm the superiority of the proposed method in yielding lower errors of approximations for a fixed size dictionary [1]. In our future work we would like to experiment on different differential vector schemes. The general purpose clustering algorithm aims at minimizing the total square error. When a user tolerant accuracy level for each road segment is specified, the clustering algorithm needs to be modified to meet this requirement.

Shashi Shekhar; Yan Huang; Judy Djugash

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Glossary - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search glossary terms: Browse terms related to these fuel groups: alternative fuels coal electricity natural gas ...

160

Glossary  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 441 the respondent for processing for its own account in accordance with accounting procedures generally ac- cepted and consistently and historically applied by the refiner concerned, or (2) in the case of a processing agreement, delivered to another refinery for process- ing for the respondent's own account. Crude oil which has been added by a refiner to inven- tory, and which is thereafter sold or otherwise dis- posed of without processing for the account of that refiner, shall be deducted from its crude oil purchases at the time when the related cost is deducted from refinery inventory in accordance with accounting procedures generally applied by the refiner con- cerned. Dealer Tank Wagon (DTW) Sales: Wholesale sales of gasoline priced on a delivered basis to a retail

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Glossary  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 441 the respondent for processing for its own account in accordance with accounting procedures generally ac- cepted and consistently and historically applied by the refiner concerned, or (2) in the case of a processing agreement, delivered to another refinery for process- ing for the respondent's own account. Crude oil which has been added by a refiner to inven- tory, and which is thereafter sold or otherwise dis- posed of without processing for the account of that refiner, shall be deducted from its crude oil purchases at the time when the related cost is deducted from refinery inventory in accordance with accounting procedures generally applied by the refiner con- cerned. Dealer Tank Wagon (DTW) Sales: Wholesale sales of gasoline priced on a delivered basis to a retail

162

Glossary  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1997 PAD District V: Alaska (North Slope and Other Mainland), Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, Federal Offshore California....

163

Glossary  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1996 PAD District V: Alaska (North Slope and Other Mainland), Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, Federal Offshore California....

164

Glossary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a. Instruction. This Instruction is composed of several volumes, each containing its own purpose. The purpose of the overall Instruction, in accordance with the authority in DoD Directive (DoDD) 5124.02 (Reference (a)), is to establish and implement policy, establish procedures, provide guidelines and model programs, delegate authority, and assign responsibilities regarding civilian personnel management within the DoD. b. Volume. In accordance with the authority in DoDD 1400.25 (Reference (b)), this Volume: (1) Reissues Volume 1401 of DoD Instruction 1400.25 (Reference (c)) to establish policy, assign responsibilities, and provide general information concerning personnel policy covering DoD NAF employees and positions. (2) Incorporates and cancels chapter 1 of DoD 1401.1-M (Reference (d)). 2. APPLICABILITY. This Volume: a. Applies to OSD, the Military Departments, the Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Joint Staff, the Combatant Commands, the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense, the Defense Agencies, the DoD Field Activities, and all other organizational entities within the DoD (hereinafter referred to collectively as the “DoD Components”). b. Applies to all NAF employees and positions within the DoD, including those NAF positions authorized to receive funding from appropriated funds. DoDI 1400.25-V1401, October 18, 2011

Clifford L. Stanley

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Glossary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... American Society for Testing and Materials. ... or Federal facilities or organizations including ... properties of which meet the requirements of

166

Glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... may contain terms not used by the Handbook. ... experiment, A study of a fundamental physical process ... the average results of several questions with ...

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

167

Glossary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a regular basis at the time of the 1993 RECS personal interviews. Electricity: See Main Heating Fuel. Energy Used in the Home: For electricity or natural gas, the quantity is the...

168

Glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

..., ASM International, 2002, p 1061â??1077ASM Handbook, Vol 11, Failure Analysis and Prevention,D. Aliya, W.T. Becker and R. Shipley,

169

Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glosario de términos físicos Glosario de términos físicos Principal ESTOY PERDIDO!!! Vea también: Pronunciación Búsqueda de palabras clave A-B C-D E-F G-M N-Q R-Z acelerador: Máquina usada para acelerar partículas a altas velocidades (y por lo tanto a energías muy elevadas en relación con la energía de su masa en reposo). aniquilación: Proceso en el cual una partícula se encuentra con su antipartícula correspondiente, y ambas desaparecen. La energía se convierte a alguna otra forma, quizás como un par formado por una partícula diferente y su antipartícula (con sus respectivas energías), o tal vez como muchos mesones, o como un único bosón neutro. Las partículas producidas pueden ser cualquier combinación permitida, de acuerdo con los principios de conservación de la energía, del ímpetu y

170

Microsoft Word - Glossary.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

69 69 Glossary Aquifer Storage Field: A sub-surface facility for storing natural gas consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an impermeable cap rock. Balancing Item: Represents differences between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differences may be due to quantities lost or to the effects of data- reporting problems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and converted to a standard temperature and pressure base; the effect of variations in company accounting and billing practices; differences between billing cycle and calendar period time frames; and imbalances resulting from the merger of data-

171

Microsoft Word - Glossary_2012.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Glossary Aquifer Storage Field: A sub-surface facility for storing natural gas consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an impermeable cap rock. Balancing Item: Represents differences between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differences may be due to quantities lost or to the effects of data- reporting problems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and converted to a standard temperature and pressure base; the effect of variations in company accounting and billing practices; differences between billing cycle and calendar period time

172

Microsoft Word - Glossary_2006.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

78 78 Glossary Aquifer Storage Field: A sub-surface facility for storing natural gas consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an impermeable cap rock. Balancing Item: Represents differences between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differences may be due to quantities lost or to the effects of data- reporting problems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and converted to a standard temperature and pressure base; the effect of variations in company accounting and billing practices; differences between billing cycle and calendar period time frames; and imbalances resulting from the merger of data-

173

Learning Pronunciation Dictionary from Speech Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper an algorithm and first results from our investigations in automatically learning pronunciation variations from speech data are presented. Pronunciation dictionaries establish an important feature in state-of-the-art speech recognition systems. In most systems only simple dictionaries containing the canonical pronunciation forms are implemented. However, for a good recognition performance more sophisticated dictionaries including pronunciation variations are essential. The generation of such dictionaries by hand is an extremely time consuming task, and the introduction of errors and inconsistencies is probable. We show an approach for automatically generating suitable pronunciation dictionaries from the speech data base itself, as they are desirable not only for speech recognition tasks but also for speech technology and phonologic research in general. The only knowledge sources besides the data base are the (unlabeled) signals and their transliterations on word level. First experiments yielding promising results have been performed with the software system DataLab [6], which integrates the recognition system of the TU Dresden.

Christian-M. Westendorf; Jens Jelitto

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Lexicographic Slips: Gathering and Organising Contextual Data for Dictionary Entries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper discusses the process of incorporating contextual information in bilingual dictionaries, with especial focus on the task of organising the textual source-material for a Greek-English dictionary. A description is given of the two functions...

Fraser, Bruce L

175

Linking English Words in Two Bilingual Dictionaries to Generate Another Language Pair Dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In developing a machine translation system, one of the difficult tasks is how to build a transfer dictionary. It has been built by human labor from scratch in most cases. This approach, however, is very ineffective from the viewpoint of cost and time. To avoid this problem, we generate a Korean to Japanese dictionary as a sample, taking advantage of existing linguistic resources, which consist of a Japanese to English dictionary and a Korean to English dictionary for the present goal. First, we extract some sets of English words corresponding to Korean words from a Korean to English dictionary. Second, we search for Japanese words having English equivalents that are similar to Korean counterparts in meaning. Finally, we link the Korean words to Japanese ones. The degree of similarity is determined according to how many translated words are shared between Korean and Japanese. We test 1,000 Korean words extracted at random and get 365 appropriate Japanese words. The result shows that 72% are accurate for a degree of similarity of 0.8 and above. Keywords: bilingual dictionary, dictionary generation, intermediate language, similarity of translation 1

Satoshi Shirai And; Satoshi Shirai; Kazuhide Yamamoto

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

A Glossary of PDP11 LOGO Primitives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This glossary was written for the purpose of providing a quick and concise yet accurate description of the primitives and special words and characters of the March 18, 1975 PDP 11 implementation of the LOGO languge. ...

Goldenberg, E. Paul

1975-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Central Internet Database (CID) Data Dictionary  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Archived Data Dictionary Archived Data Dictionary Central Internet Database CID Photo Banner Archived Data Dictionary A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z Data Element Name Definition A Annual Stream Disposition Quantity* EM Corp - The quantity of material or waste dispositioned for the stream during a specified year or range of years. Annual Stream Inventory Quantity* EM Corp - The amount of waste, media or SNF in the stream that is or will be stored as of a particular year or range of years. Annual Stream Source Quantity* EM Corp - The amount of waste, media or SNF in the stream that is or will be generated new, generated as process outputs (secondary), or added through a receipt from another DOE or non-DOE site, in a particular year or range of years.

178

Central Internet Database (CID) Data Dictionary  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Data Dictionary Data Dictionary Central Internet Database CID Photo Banner Data Dictionary A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z Data Element Name Definition A Annual Disposition WIMS - Planned disposition quantity (total volume of container, as disposed, in m3) reported for each year: FY08 through FY50. B C Chemical Name TRI - (Form R - Part II - Section 1.2) The name of the toxic chemical that has been released and/or transferred during the reporting year. Listed toxic chemicals are those chemicals on the list in Committee Print Number 99-169 of the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, titled "Toxic Chemicals Subject to Section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act of 1986" (42 U.S.C. 11023). Currently, there are over 600 toxic chemicals included on the list subject to reporting.

179

Astronomical Image Denoising Using Dictionary Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Astronomical images suffer a constant presence of multiple defects that are consequences of the intrinsic properties of the acquisition equipments, and atmospheric conditions. One of the most frequent defects in astronomical imaging is the presence of additive noise which makes a denoising step mandatory before processing data. During the last decade, a particular modeling scheme, based on sparse representations, has drawn the attention of an ever growing community of researchers. Sparse representations offer a promising framework to many image and signal processing tasks, especially denoising and restoration applications. At first, the harmonics, wavelets, and similar bases and overcomplete representations have been considered as candidate domains to seek the sparsest representation. A new generation of algorithms, based on data-driven dictionaries, evolved rapidly and compete now with the off-the-shelf fixed dictionaries. While designing a dictionary beforehand leans on a guess of the most appropriate repre...

Beckouche, Simon; Fadili, Jalal

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

A Probabilistic Framework for Discriminative Dictionary Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we address the problem of discriminative dictionary learning (DDL), where sparse linear representation and classification are combined in a probabilistic framework. As such, a single discriminative dictionary and linear binary classifiers are learned jointly. By encoding sparse representation and discriminative classification models in a MAP setting, we propose a general optimization framework that allows for a data-driven tradeoff between faithful representation and accurate classification. As opposed to previous work, our learning methodology is capable of incorporating a diverse family of classification cost functions (including those used in popular boosting methods), while avoiding the need for involved optimization techniques. We show that DDL can be solved by a sequence of updates that make use of well-known and well-studied sparse coding and dictionary learning algorithms from the literature. To validate our DDL framework, we apply it to digit classification and face recognition and tes...

Ghanem, Bernard

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Contributors to the Dictionary of Algorithms and Data ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Contributors to the Dictionary of Algorithms, Data Structures, and Classical Computer Science problems, with some contact information. NIST. ...

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

182

Testing time symmetry in time series using data compression dictionaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1978). [12] It is a “pre?x dictionary”: for any codeword w =1 s 2 . . . s L in the dictionary, all pre?xes of w, e.g. ,j ? L are also in the dictionary. Parsing is greedy: search

Kennel, Matthew B

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Safeguards and Security Glossary - DOE M 470.4-7 | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Glossary - DOE M 470.4-7 Safeguards and Security Glossary - DOE M 470.4-7 August 26, 2005 Cancelled Safeguards and Security Glossary The Safeguards and Security Glossary contains...

184

Dictionary Optimization for Block-Sparse Representations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent work has demonstrated that using a carefully designed dictionary instead of a predefined one, can improve the sparsity in jointly representing a class of signals. This has motivated the derivation of learning methods for designing a dictionary which leads to the sparsest representation for a given set of signals. In some applications, the signals of interest can have further structure, so that they can be well approximated by a union of a small number of subspaces (e.g., face recognition and motion segmentation). This implies the existence of a dictionary which enables block-sparse representations of the input signals once its atoms are properly sorted into blocks. In this paper, we propose an algorithm for learning a block-sparsifying dictionary of a given set of signals. We do not require prior knowledge on the association of signals into groups (subspaces). Instead, we develop a method that automatically detects the underlying block structure. This is achieved by iteratively alternating between upda...

Rosenblum, Kevin; Eldar, Yonina C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Building An Electronic Japanese-English Dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes an on-going project to develop and maintain a comprehensive electronic Japanese-English dictionary capable of use within a variety of search-and-display, electronic-text reading support, and machine translation environments. The project consists of two parts: (a) the compilation of two major datafiles; a JapaneseEnglish lexicon (EDICT), and a kanji information database (KANJIDIC). At the time of writing, the former has over 100,000 entries, and (b) the development of software to index, search and display entries in the data files. This software, which has now been released on a variety of computing platforms, including Unix, PC (DOS and Windows) and MacIntosh, can operate as either a stand-alone dictionary, providing the functions of both normal word/phrase dictionaries and character dictionaries, or as a support package for reading electronic text, by automatically glossing selected words and phrases. 1 INTRODUCTION This paper describes a project to build an elec...

J.W. Breen

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

IDHS, MLDS: Towards Dictionary Help Systems For Human Users  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction. The systems here presented are both conceived as Computer Dictionary Systems for human use. IDHS supports reasoning mechanisms analogous to those used by humans when consulting a monolingual dictionary. MLDS has been thought as an online computational help system for human translators. The starting point of IDHS is a Dictionary Database (DDB) built from an ordinary monolingual (explanatory) French dictionary. Meaning definitions have been analysed using linguistic information from the DDB itself and interpreted in order to be structured as a Dictionary Knowledge Base (DKB). The intelligent exploitation of the dictionary is supported by the resulting DKB, that is based on the representation of the dictionary as a semantic network of frames, where each frame represents one concept. Frames are interrelated by attributes representing lexical-semantic relations such as taxonomy, synonymy, meronymy, and specific relations derived from the lexicographic metalanguage use

E. Agirre; X Arregi; X. Artola; A. Diaz de Ilarraza; A. D??az De Ilarraza; F. Evrard; K. Sarasola

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

2003) “Searching in the Longdo Thai Online Dictionary Service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — The paper presents the ongoing project Longdo Thai Online Dictionary Service. Longdo comprises of two parts: the word look up service part (or search part) and the dictionary contents building part. In the first part, users access Longdo via its web site or the software client to look up Thai meanings of foreign words (currently English, Japanese, and German are supported). The search database includes the Longdo dictionaries data and other existing free dictionaries. In the second part, the bi-lingual dictionaries English-Thai, Japanese-Thai, and German-Thai are being built using the collaborative model where users themselves contribute the dictionary contents through the approval mechanism. In this paper, overview of the Longdo project, search process, how to handle the hit and missed searches are discussed. In case of missed searches, similar words are suggested. Users ’ queries are used as feedback to improve the dictionary contents.

Pattara Kiatisevi; Vuthichai Ampornaramveth; Er I. Kovács; Haruki Ueno

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Dictionary for Sparse Representation of Chirp Echo in Broadband Radar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new dictionary for sparse representation of chirp echo in broadband radar is put forward in this paper. Different with chirplet decomposition which decomposes echo in time-frequency plane, the dictionary transforms the sparsity of target observed by radar in distance range to the sparsity in frequency domain by stretch processing and the sparse representation of echo is realized. Using strict deduction with mathematics, the sparsity of echo in dictionary is proved and the dictionary is orthogonal. In the application property, the construction of dictionary is simple, the parameters that are needed for dictionary can be obtained conveniently and the dictionary is convenient to use. Furthermore, the object of application can be expanded to the echo of multi-component chirps with single freedom degree.

Gao, Lei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

JBIG2 Symbol Dictionary Design Based on Minimum Spanning Trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The JBIG2 standard is a very flexible bi-level image coding strategy based on pattern matching. The encoder collects a set of symbols in a dictionary and encodes a page by reference to the dictionary symbols. JBIG2 allows the encoder to view all symbols and choose a good set for the dictionary. In this paper, we examine the bit rate trade-off that arises in choosing different dictionary sizes. In particular, we propose a suboptimal dictionary design technique based on minimum spanning trees. This technique gives competitive compression ratios and allows us to specify the dictionary size almost arbitrarily, thus providing a way to study the bit rate trade-off problem in detail. Keywords: JBIG2, Text image compression, Symbol dictionary, Minimum spanning tree 1

Yan Ye; Pamela Cosman

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

UN-Glossary for Transportation Statistics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UN-Glossary for Transportation Statistics UN-Glossary for Transportation Statistics Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UN-Glossary for Transportation Statistics Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Focus Area: Transportation Resource Type: Dataset, Publications Website: www.internationaltransportforum.org/Pub/pdf/GloStat3e.pdf Cost: Free UN-Glossary for Transportation Statistics Screenshot References: UN-Glossary for Transportation Statistics[1] Logo: UN-Glossary for Transportation Statistics "The Glossary for Transport Statistics was published for the first time in 1994 with the purpose of assisting member countries during the collection of data on transport made by the UNECE, ECMT and Eurostat through the Common Questionnaire." References ↑ "UN-Glossary for Transportation Statistics"

191

SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY Intramural Dodgeball Rules and Glossary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RECREATION 01/15/13 SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY Intramural Dodgeball Rules and Glossary **All credit players, forfeiting a team, and forfeiting a contest. Section 3: Glossary · Dead ball: A ball that hits

192

Glossary - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short, timely articles with graphics on energy, facts, issues, and trends. FAQs Glossary For Teachers. Energy Explained. What is Energy? ...

193

5.7. A Glossary of DOE Terminology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

5. Process Improvement 5.7. A Glossary of DOE Terminology. Definitions for key DOE terms, This page gives definitions ...

2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

194

Glossary and Acronyms | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Initiatives » International Commitments » Glossary and Acronyms Initiatives » International Commitments » Glossary and Acronyms Glossary and Acronyms Amendment - A commitment that changes the terms of the commitment, often to change the scope, etc. C-175 - Department of State procedures for interagency review and authorization for negotiating and signing significant (i.e., having significant budgetary, legal or political implications), legally binding agreements. Effective Date - The effective date of a commitment is either the signature date or another date specified in the commitment text. Extension (or Renewal) - A commitment that extends the term of the commitment. International agreement - An international commitment in written form, whether a (i) formal, legally binding agreement subject to approval under the Department of State's interagency Circular 175 review procedures, or

195

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glossary Glossary A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z We welcome updates to the glossary. Please send them to Low Dose. A α=β Ratio: A measure of the curvature of the cell survival curve and a measure of the sensitivity of a tissue or tumor to dose fractionation. The dose at which the linear and quadratic components of cell killing are equal. Abscopal Effect: The radiation response in tissue at a distance from the irradiated site invoked by local irradiation. Absorbed Dose Rate: Absorbed dose divided by the time it takes to deliver that dose. High dose rates are usually more damaging to humans and animals than low-dose rates. This is because repair of damage is more efficient when the dose rate is low. Absorbed Dose: The amount of energy deposited in any substance by ionizing

196

Revision 1 Glossary of Key Information Security Terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have received numerous requests to provide a summary glossary for our publications and other relevant sources, and to make the glossary available to practitioners. As a result of these requests, this glossary of common security terms has been extracted from NIST Federal

Richard Kissel; Patrick D. Gallagher; Director Introduction

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

A glossary of selected meteorology terms. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The atmospheric, oceanographic, nuclear, and electro-optical terminology contained in this publication was compiled by the Ad Hoc Glossary Committee of the Meteorology Group (MG) of the Range Commanders Council. Much of the material appearing in this glossary was developed using information from several U.S. Government publications and the Glossary of Meteorology.

Not Available

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Environment, Safety and Health Thesaurus/Dictionary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Environment, Safety and Health Thesaurus/Dictionary, was developed for the Office of Safety and Quality Assurance (EH-30) by the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI). This thesaurus/dictionary is to provide a single departmental reference for: (1) definitions or semantic structure of environment, safety, and health terms that will help assure consistent DOE-wide understanding of these terms, and (2) synonyms and related terms that will improve the logic of a user's analytical strategy for word searches in computerized environment, safety, and health information systems. In addition to special data fields found within the individual word blocks, the most noteworthy features of the document are the three appendices following the main body of the thesaurus. These appendices include: (1) a listing of all thesaurus acronyms and their reciprocal phrases; (2) a listing of all thesaurus terms under broader subject categories; and (3) a separate mini-thesaurus for the DOE FRASE (Factor Relationship and Sequence of Events) vocabulary used on the Safety Performance Measurement System (SPMS). Eventually, an electronic version of the thesaurus/dictionary will be available on the Safety Performance Measurement System (SPMS) to improve users' search and analytical capabilities.

Clayton, D.C. (ed.)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

MLDS: A Translator-oriented MultiLingual Dictionary System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the design methodology of the MultiLingual Dictionary-System (MLDS), which is a human-oriented tool for assisting in the task of translating lexical units, oriented to translators and conceived from studies carried out with translators. We describe the model adopted for the representation of multilingual dictionary-knowledge. Such a model allows an enriched exploitation of the lexical-semantic relations extracted from dictionaries. As well, MLDS is supplied with knowledge about the use of the dictionaries in the process of lexical translation, which was elicitated by means of empirical methods and specied in a formal language. The dictionary-knowledge along with the task-oriented knowledge are used to oer the translator active, anticipative and intelligent assistance. 1 Introduction: Machine-Assisted Translation and Dictionaries Translation support tools have become a novel and promising branch in the eld of machine-assisted translation in the last few years....

Ag Rr Arreg; Mlds A Translator-oriented Multilingual; E. Ag I Rr E; X. Arreg I; X. Artol A; K. Sarasola; A. Soroa

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Materials to the Russian-Bulgarian Comparative Dictionary "EAD"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article presents a fragment of a new comparative dictionary "A comparative dictionary of names of expansive action in Russian and Bulgarian languages". Main features of the new web-based comparative dictionary are placed, the principles of its formation are shown, primary links between the word-matches are classified. The principal difference between translation dictionaries and the model of double comparison is also shown. The classification scheme of the pages is proposed. New concepts and keywords have been introduced. The real prototype of the dictionary with a few key pages is published. The broad debate about the possibility of this prototype to become a version of Russian-Bulgarian comparative dictionary of a new generation is available.

Parvanov, Yavor Angelov

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

McGraw-Hill dictionary of science and engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This dictionary contains over 35,000 terms representing more than 100 fields of science and engineering. It was derived from the comprehensive McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical terms (Third Edition, 1984). Since it is much smaller and less than half the price of the comprehensive reference, it is suitable for personal collections of students, teachers, writers, and general readers. It provides definitions not available in standard dictionaries.

Parker, S.P.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Collaborative Filtering via Group-Structured Dictionary Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structured sparse coding and the related structured dictionary learning problems are novel research areas in machine learning. In this paper we present a new application of structured dictionary learning for collaborative filtering based recommender systems. Our extensive numerical experiments demonstrate that the presented technique outperforms its state-of-the-art competitors and has several advantages over approaches that do not put structured constraints on the dictionary elements.

Szabo, Zoltan; Lorincz, Andras

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Making an XML-based Japanese-Slovene Learners' Dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we present a hypertext dictionary of Japanese lexical units for Slovene students of Japanese at the Faculty of Arts of Ljubljana University. The dictionary is planned as a long-term project in which a simple dictionary is to be gradually enlarged and enhanced, taking into account the needs of the students. Initially, the dictionary was encoded in a tabular format, in a mixture of encodings, and subsequently rendered in HTML. The paper first discusses the conversion of the dictionary into XML, into an encoding that complies with the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) Guidelines. The conversion into such an encoding validates, enriches, explicates and standardises the structure of the dictionary, thus making it more usable for further development and linguistically oriented research. We also present the current Web implementation of the dictionary, which offers full text search and a tool for practising inflected parts of speech. The paper gives an overview of related research, i.e. other XML oriented Web dictionaries of Slovene and East Asian languages and presents planned developments, i.e. the inclusion of the dictionary into the Reading Tutor program. 1.

Tomaž Erjavec; Irena Srdanovi?; Kristina Hmeljak Sangawa; Anton Ml. Vah?i?

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Hanford tanks initiative (HTI) work breakdown structure (WBS)dictionary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This dictionary lists the scope, deliverables, and interfaces for the various work elements of the Hanford Tanks Initiative. Cost detail is included for information only.

Mckinney, K.E.

1997-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

205

FÉDÉRALE DE LAUSANNE DICTIONARY LEARNING IN STEREO IMAGING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a new method for learning overcomplete dictionaries adapted to efficient joint representation of stereo images. We first formulate a sparse stereo image model where the multi-view correlation is described by local geometric transforms of dictionary atoms in two stereo views. A maximum-likelihood method for learning stereo dictionaries is then proposed, which includes a multi-view geometry constraint in the probabilistic modeling in order to obtain dictionaries optimized for the joint representation of stereo images. The dictionaries are learned by optimizing the maximum-likelihood objective function using the expectation-maximization algorithm. We illustrate the learning algorithm in the case of omnidirectional images, where we learn scales of atoms in a parametric dictionary. The resulting dictionaries provide both better performance in the joint representation of stereo omnidirectional images and improved multi-view feature matching. We finally discuss and demonstrate the benefits of dictionary learning for distributed scene representation and camera pose estimation. Index Terms Sparse approximations, dictionary learning, multi-view imaging, omnidirectional cameras.

Ivana Tosic; Pascal Frossard; Ivana Tosic; Pascal Frossard; Pascal Frossard

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Mixco: Killwa Texts: "When I Have Donned My Crest of Stars;" and Mixco: Killwa Dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a strip of land lOUwa Dictionary. Mauricio J. Mixco. Uni- inand a lexicon or dictionary. With the from participants, aretexts include myths and dictionary), Mixco has discharged

Fowler, Catherine S

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Sparse image representation by discrete cosine/spline based dictionaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mixed dictionaries generated by cosine and B-spline functions are considered. It is shown that, by highly nonlinear approaches such as Orthogonal Matching Pursuit, the discrete version of the proposed dictionaries yields a significant gain in the sparsity of an image representation.

Bowley, James

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Prerequisites for a comprehensive dictionary of serbian compounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper describes the steps that were undertaken in order to start the production of a comprehensive morphological dictionary of compounds for Serbian. First, the classes of multi-word expressions were determined that were to be covered by the dictionaries. ...

Cvetana Krstev; Duško Vitas; Agata Savary

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Last call for comments. [Petroleum industry data dictionary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the final installment of the Petroleum Industry Data Dictionary - an ambitious effort to standardize industry terms and definitions for use in electronic data exchange. The initial release is available on diskette. By publishing the PIDD in installments, we hope Geobyte readers will provide international input that will strengthen the development and eventual usefulness of the dictionary.

Milam, K.; Leonard, L.E.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Dictionary of energy. [Definitions of interdisciplinary energy terms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cross-disciplinary dictionary of energy terms defined in language understandable to experts in several related fields, this dictionary contains an alphabetical listing of words associated with fuel technology, energy sources and transformation, economics, and the environment, both natural and built. Besides the definitions, readers will find conversion tables and lists of acronyms and abbreviations, institutions, and symbols. (DCK)

Slesser, M. (ed.)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Annual resources report. [Glossary on technical terms  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The report is separated into the following sections: acknowledgments; a table of contents; a list of tables and figures; a glossary; an introduction; an overview of the role of energy resources in New Mexico; separate sections on oil and gas, coal, electrical generation, uranium, and geothermal energy; a section on the geologic setting of oil and gas, coal, and uranium; an appendix of additional tables pertaining to oil and gas development; and a listing of selected references. The glossary is a brief listing of technical terms used in the report with simplified definitions for the reader's use. The overview contains highlights of data found in the report as well as comparisons of New Mexico's resources with those of other states and the nation. In general, each section covering a resource area describes reserves, production, prices, consumption, transportation, employment, and revenue statistics over the past ten or more years and projections to the year 2000.

Not Available

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Building a user-friendly data dictionary system in ORACLE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For some time now developers of software systems have recognized the need to capture information about the system and to build a framework for retrieving this information so that it can be easily accessible to end users. Current trends, such as the Information Research Dictionary System (IRDS) standard, IBM's Repository, and a growing interest in Computer Aided Software Engineering (CASE) tools in the US and the Integrated Project Support Environment dictionary tools that capture information critical to the development and maintenance of a system throughout its life cycle. This paper describes the development of a menu-driven system dictionary in ORACLE for a design prototype system currently under development at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). It addresses integration of ORACLE's data dictionary tables with the system dictionary, and possible avenues of future research regarding the design and implementation of an IRDS. 3 refs.

Loftis, J.P.; Friggle, W.E. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA); Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Glossary of Screen Labels for PARS II V1 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Glossary of Screen Labels for PARS II V1 Glossary of Screen Labels for PARS II V1 Glossary of Screen Labels for PARS II V1 More Documents & Publications PARS II Standard Operating...

214

Glossary - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search glossary terms: ... The amount of foreign-origin uranium materials that enter the country during a survey year under other types of contracts, ...

215

Glossary - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search glossary terms: ... Some other types of equipment in the building may be used to produce the steam or hot water or it may enter the building ...

216

Glossary - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search glossary terms: ... Differences between the periods in which transactions affect taxable income and the periods in which they enter into the ...

217

Glossary - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search glossary terms: ... A transaction between two willing parties who enter into a physical or financial agreement to trade energy commodities.

218

Education: Digital Resource Center - WEB: Ceramic Glossary ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 15, 2007... Properties and Products by Morgan Technical Ceramics.” 2000-2007. Morgan Technical Ceramics, AzoM.com. Access Ceramic Glossary

219

Education: Digital Resource Center - WEB: Education - Glossary - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 4, 2007 ... Topic Summary: Lehigh Heidelberg Cement Group. Glossary of cement/ceramic terminology plus high school lesson plans and resources

220

Glossary Term - 10 Most Abundant Elements in the Universe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Earth's Crust Previous Term (10 Most Abundant Elements in the Earth's Crust) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Alpha Decay) Alpha Decay 10 Most Abundant Elements in the Universe...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Concepts and Glossary for the Specification of the Beam Instrumentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this document, we discuss a measurement chain at the conceptual level and describe the glossary we use to specify as precisely as possible its components and requirements.

Brüning, Oliver Sim; Koutchouk, Jean-Pierre; CERN. Geneva. SPS and LEP Division

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Glossary Term - 10 Most Abundant Elements in the Earth's Crust  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Earth's Crust Previous Term (10 Most Abundant Compounds in the Earth's Crust) Glossary Main Index Next Term (10 Most Abundant Elements in the Universe) 10 Most Abundant...

223

Levenshtein Distance Technique in Dictionary Lookup Methods: An Improved Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dictionary lookup methods are popular in dealing with ambiguous letters which were not recognized by Optical Character Readers. However, a robust dictionary lookup method can be complex as apriori probability calculation or a large dictionary size increases the overhead and the cost of searching. In this context, Levenshtein distance is a simple metric which can be an effective string approximation tool. After observing the effectiveness of this method, an improvement has been made to this method by grouping some similar looking alphabets and reducing the weighted difference among members of the same group. The results showed marked improvement over the traditional Levenshtein distance technique.

Haldar, Rishin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Statistical RIP and Semi-Circle Distribution of Incoherent Dictionaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we formulate and prove a statistical version of the Candes-Tao restricted isometry property (SRIP for short) which holds in general for any incoherent dictionary which is a disjoint union of orthonormal bases. In addition, we prove that, under appropriate normalization, the eigenvalues of the associated Gram matrix fluctuate around 1 according to the Wigner semicircle distribution. The result is then applied to various dictionaries that arise naturally in the setting of finite harmonic analysis, giving, in particular, a better understanding on a remark of Applebaum-Howard-Searle-Calderbank concerning RIP for the Heisenberg dictionary of chirp like functions.

Gurevich, Shamgar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Incoherent dictionaries and the statistical restricted isometry property  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we formulate and prove a statistical version of the Candes-Tao restricted isometry property (SRIP for short) which holds in general for any incoherent dictionary which is a disjoint union of orthonormal bases. In addition, we prove that, under appropriate normalization, the eigenvalues of the associated Gram matrix fluctuate around \\lambda = 1 according to the Wigner semicircle distribution. The result is then applied to various dictionaries that arise naturally in the setting of finite harmonic analysis, giving, in particular, a better understanding on a remark of Applebaum-Howard-Searle-Calderbank concerning RIP for the Heisenberg dictionary of chirp like functions.

Gurevich, Shamgar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Using the information resource dictionary system command language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document introduces and provides examples of the Command Language of the draft proposed Information Resource Dictionary System (IRDS). A dictionary maintained by the US Air Force is defined in the IRDS and used as a continuing example throughout the document. The dictionary is populated, manipulated, and reported on using the precise syntax of the Command Language. An appendix to the document provides a complete listing of the creation of the example. Other appendices provide indices of all command appearances and all clause appearances.

Goldfine, A.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

K-SVD: Design of dictionaries for sparse representation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years there is a growing interest in the study of sparse representation for signals. Using an overcomplete dictionary that contains prototype signal-atoms, signals are described by sparse linear combinations of these atoms. Recent activity in this field concentrated mainly on the study of pursuit algorithms that decompose signals with respect to a given dictionary. In this paper we propose a novel algorithm – the K-SVD algorithm – generalizing the K-Means clustering process, for adapting dictionaries in order to achieve sparse signal representations. We analyze this algorithm and demonstrate its results on both synthetic tests and in applications on real data.

Michal Aharon; Michael Elad; Alfred Bruckstein

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Glossary - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. Glossary. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. Search glossary terms: ...

229

Feature article: adoption of an official ISEA glossary  

SciTech Connect

The International Society for Exposure Analysis (ISEA) and its Nomenclature Committee have been involved since the mid-1990s in an intermittent but ongoing effort to develop an official ISEA glossary. Several related activities have stimulated greater interest and discussion nationally and internationally on a common exposure language. Among these activities are a 1997 Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology feature article on exposure and dose definitions and a 1999-initiated project of the International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) (WHO/ILO/UNEP) to confront terminology issues hindering harmonization in the area of exposure assessment. Recently the ISEA members voted in support of adopting the IPCS glossary as the official ISEA glossary, and the ISEA Executive Board agreed to accept this recommendation. In this feature article we (1) describe the process through which the ISEA adopted the IPCS glossary as the official ISEA glossary, (2) present the joint IPC S/ISEA glossary of terms and their definitions, and (3) discuss plans for how the glossary can be used by ISEA and updated over time by ISEA and IPCS. The glossary is intended to be a living document that reflects the latest usage and maintains international harmonization of exposure terminology that can be practically applied to improve communication in exposure and related fields.

Zartarian, Valerie; Bahadori, Tina; McKone, Thomas

2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

230

Glossary of Environment, Safety and Health Terms  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE-HDBK-1188-2006 DOE-HDBK-1188-2006 January 2006 DOE HANDBOOK GLOSSARY OF ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY AND HEALTH TERMS U.S. Department of Energy AREA SDMP Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-HDBK-1188-2006 2 Available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web site at http://tis.eh.doe.gov/techstds/ DOE-HDBK-1188-2006 3 Table of Contents 1. INTRODUCTION......................................................................................................................................................................4 1.1 Purpose.............................................................................................................................................................................4

231

Microsoft Word - Glossary_Nov13.docx  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

113 113 Glossary Aquifer Storage Field: A sub-surface facility for storing natural gas, consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an impermeable cap rock. Balancing Item: Represents the difference between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differences may be due to data reporting or survey coverage problems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and converted to a standard temperature and pressure base; the effect of variations in company accounting and billing practices; differences between billing cycle and

232

Glossary of Terms Used in DOE NEPA Documents  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

N E P A GLOSSARY OF TERMS USED IN DOE NEPA DOCUMENTS September 1998 U.S. Department of Energy Office of NEPA Policy and Compliance Glossary of Terms Used in DOE NEPA Documents SEPTEMBER 1998 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF NEPA POLICY AND COMPLIANCE PREFACE Purpose of this Glossary This Glossary is provided as a resource for preparing technical glossaries and related explanatory material (such as text-box explanations of technical concepts) for DOE National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) documents. Technical terms used in DOE NEPA documents should be defined to aid lay readers' understanding. Definitions may be provided either in the body of the document (recommended for terms that have different meanings technically than colloquially,

233

Data dictionary design with an artificial intelligence model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The implementation of an artificial intelligence model using a commercially available system, the IBM data dictionary, is described. The model is supporting knowledge bases built at the medical college for production purposes. 12 references.

Sturdza, P.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

MRC Psycholinguistic Database: Machine Usable Dictionary, Version 2.00.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MRC machine usable dictionary contains 150837 words with up to 26 linguistic and psycholinguistic attributes for each. The attributes are from sources that are publicly available, but difficult to obtain and structure into a single dictionary. Three utility programs are described which permit the selection of words defined by a set of specified attribute values, and the attribute values for a set of specified words. These programs permit the construction of word sets for psycholinguistic experiments which control for the attributes specified in the dictionary. The dictionary may also be of use to researchers in artificial intelligence and computer science who require psychological and linguistic descriptions of words. - 2 - Those wishing to construct word sets as stimuli for psycholinguistic experiments must take into account a large number of characteristics of the words (see Cutler, 1981; Whaley, 1978). The Medical Research Council (MRC) Psycholinguistic Database version 1, was...

Michael Wilson; Michael Wilson; Oxon Ox Qx; Philip Quinlan

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Optimal query/update tradeoffs in versioned dictionaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

External-memory dictionaries are a fundamental data structure in file systems and databases. Versioned (or fully-persistent) dictionaries have an associated version tree where queries can be performed at any version, updates can be performed on leaf versions, and any version can be `cloned' by adding a child. Various query/update tradeoffs are known for unversioned dictionaries, many of them with matching upper and lower bounds. No fully-versioned external-memory dictionaries are known with optimal space/query/update tradeoffs. In particular, no versioned constructions are known that offer updates in $o(1)$ I/Os using O(N) space. We present the first cache-oblivious and cache-aware constructions that achieve a wide range of optimal points on this tradeoff.

Byde, Andrew

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Dictionary construction in sparse methods for image restoration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sparsity-based methods have achieved very good performance in a wide variety of image restoration problems, including denoising, inpainting, super-resolution, and source separation. These methods are based on the assumption that the image to be reconstructed may be represented as a superposition of a few known components, and the appropriate linear combination of components is estimated by solving an optimization such as Basis Pursuit De-Noising (BPDN). Considering that the K-SVD constructs a dictionary which has been optimised for mean performance over a training set, it is not too surprising that better performance can be achieved by selecting a custom dictionary for each individual block to be reconstructed. The nearest neighbor dictionary construction can be understood geometrically as a method for estimating the local projection into the manifold of image blocks, whereas the K-SVD dictionary makes more sense within a source-coding framework (it is presented as a generalization of the k-means algorithm for constructing a VQ codebook), is therefore, it could be argued, less appropriate in principle, for reconstruction problems. One can, of course, motivate the use of the K-SVD in reconstruction application on practical grounds, avoiding the computational expense of constructing a different dictionary for each block to be denoised. Since the performance of the nearest neighbor dictionary decreases when the dictionary becomes sufficiently large, this method is also superior to the approach of utilizing the entire training set as a dictionary (and this can also be understood within the image block manifold model). In practical terms, the tradeoff is between the computational cost of a nearest neighbor search (which can be achieved very efficiently), or of increased cost at the sparse optimization.

Wohlberg, Brendt [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

A chain dictionary method for Word Sense Disambiguation and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A large class of unsupervised algorithms for Word Sense Disambiguation (WSD) is that of dictionary-based methods. Various algorithms have as the root Lesk's algorithm, which exploits the sense definitions in the dictionary directly. Our approach uses the lexical base WordNet for a new algorithm originated in Lesk's, namely "chain algorithm for disambiguation of all words", CHAD. We show how translation from a language into another one and also text entailment verification could be accomplished by this disambiguation.

Tatar, Doina; Mihis, Andreea; Lupea, Mihaiela; Lupsa, Dana; Frentiu, Militon

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Glossary Glossary  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

and drip gas, as well as liquid hydrocarbons produced from tar sands, gilsonite, and oil shale. Excludes topped crude oil, residual oil, other unfinished oils, and liquids...

239

Symbol Dictionary Design for the JBIG2 Standard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: The JBIG2 standard for lossy and lossless bi-level image coding is a very flexible encoding strategy based on pattern matching techniques. The encoder collects a set of symbols in a dictionary and encodes a page by reference to the dictionary symbols. JBIG2 allows the encoder to view all symbols and choose a good set for the dictionary. We propose a two-pass technique for choosing the dictionary entries, and discuss the trade-offs in bit allocation that these choices entail. The proposed dictionary design technique outperforms simpler dictionary formation techniques by up to 7-9% and 10-18% for lossless and lossy compression, respectively. In the lossy case, we further point out one way to significantly speed up the symbol bitmap compression procedure. 1 Introduction The technical specifications of JBIG2 have been established [1, 2]. It will be the first international standard that provides for both lossless and lossy compression of bi-level images. It is meant for both text and ha...

Yan Ye; Dirck Schilling; Pamela Cosman; Hyung Hwa Ko

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Annual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2011/12 11 Glossary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2011/12 11.1 11 Glossary 11 Glossary Some radiation n Li T 11Glossary #12;Annual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2011//12 11.2 11 Glossary

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Annual Report of the EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Programme 2006/07 11 Glossary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annual Report of the EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Programme 2006/07 11.1 11 Glossary 11 GLOSSARY Some radiation n Li T 11Glossary #12;Annual Report of the EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Programme 2006/07 11.2 11 Glossary

242

Annual Report of the EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Programme 2007/08 11 Glossary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annual Report of the EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Programme 2007/08 11.1 11 Glossary 11 Glossary Some radiation n Li T 11Glossary #12;Annual Report of the EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Programme 2007/08 11.2 11 Glossary

243

Annual Report of the EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Programme 2008/09 11 Glossary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annual Report of the EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Programme 2008/09 11.1 11 Glossary 11 Glossary Some radiation n Li T 11Glossary #12;Annual Report of the EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Programme 2008/09 11.2 11 Glossary

244

Glossary - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Glossary Glossary A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ Search glossary terms: Search Browse terms related to these fuel groups: alternative fuels coal electricity natural gas nuclear petroleum renewable A AC: Alternating Current ACBM: Acronym for "asbestos-containing building material." Account classification: The way in which suppliers of electricity, natural gas, or fuel oil classify and bill their customers. Commonly used account classifications are "Residential," "Commercial," "Industrial," and "Other." Suppliers' definitions of these terms vary from supplier to supplier. In addition, the same customer may be classified differently by each of its energy suppliers.

245

Glossary - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glossary Glossary A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ Search glossary terms: Search Browse terms related to these fuel groups: alternative fuels coal electricity natural gas nuclear petroleum renewable A AC: Alternating Current ACBM: Acronym for "asbestos-containing building material." Account classification: The way in which suppliers of electricity, natural gas, or fuel oil classify and bill their customers. Commonly used account classifications are "Residential," "Commercial," "Industrial," and "Other." Suppliers' definitions of these terms vary from supplier to supplier. In addition, the same customer may be classified differently by each of its energy suppliers.

246

The use of Phonetic and other Symbols in Dictionaries:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Unicode Technical Note presents the result of a brief survey about the use of special symbols to represent phonetic and other information in dictionaries. The survey intends to document specific examples of typical usage, rather than provide a complete summary of existing practices. Many dictionaries use The International Phonetic Alphabet [IPA], which is fully described elsewhere. A few of the special symbols mentioned in this document are not encoded, but would have to be realized with special fonts or ligatures. Phonetic symbols Dictionaries use a number of different methods to indicate the pronunciation of terms. Some are based on IPA, others employ other symbols, in particular barred or ligated di- and trigraphs based on small Latin letters as well as the use of diacritics across two letters. While the systems are different, there is some common ground, and systems for use in monolingual English and monolingual German dictionaries may sometimes use the same symbol for the same sound. For this survey, several dictionaries were researched and their notational systems are compared here to each other and to the available characters in the Unicode standard. Characters that are readily available in Unicode are not separately discussed, as they make up the vast majority of characters in any of the systems investigated, however, in some cases, recent editions of the Unicode Standard have added some of the characters discussed here. The Unicode Consortium continues to add phonetic symbols and general symbols to the Unicode Standard, whenever they meet the criteria for character encoding. Phonetic symbols in widely used American dictionaries The following two excerpts (Sample 1 and 2) are from an American dictionary for college use, showing a variation of the phonetic transcription system for which the character U+1D7A LATIN SMALL LETTER TH WITH STRIKETHROUGH was added in Unicode 4.1. Instead of strikethrough’s, ligatures are used. Sample 1UTN #29

A Brief Survey; Asmus Freytag Ph. D

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Microsoft Word - glossary_Oct-2010.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Glossary Aquifer Storage Field: A sub-surface facility for storing natural gas consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an impermeable cap rock. Balancing Item: Represents differences between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differences may be due to quantities lost or to the effects of data- reporting problems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and converted to a standard temperature and pressure base; the effect of variations in company accounting and billing practices; differences between billing cycle and calendar period time frames; and imbalances resulting from the merger of data-

248

Glossary Term - Van de Graaff Generator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Uranus Uranus Previous Term (Uranus) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Vanadis) Vanadis Van de Graaff Generator A Van de Graaff generator discharges to a grounded metal sphere. A Van de Graaff generator is a device used to create a high voltage static charge. In this Van de Graaff generator, an electric motor pulls a latex belt over a felt covered pulley. Electrons are transferred from the felt to the belt as the belt pulls away from the pulley. The electrons ride the belt to the upper dome, where a pick-up wire transfers them from the belt to the dome. Each electron carries a negative charge and, since like charges repel, the electrons on the dome attempt to get as far away from each other as possible. At some point, too many electrons are placed on the dome. When this occurs the electrons attempt to reach the earth by leaping

249

Microsoft Word - glossary_Sep-2011.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Glossary Aquifer Storage Field: A sub-surface facility for storing natural gas consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an impermeable cap rock. Balancing Item: Represents differences between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differences may be due to quantities lost or to the effects of data- reporting problems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and converted to a standard temperature and pressure base; the effect of variations in company accounting and billing practices; differences between billing cycle and calendar period time frames; and imbalances resulting from the merger of data-

250

Microsoft Word - glossary_feb10.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Glossary Aquifer Storage Field: A sub-surface facility for storing natural gas consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an impermeable cap rock. Balancing Item: Represents differences between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differences may be due to quantities lost or to the effects of data- reporting problems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and converted to a standard temperature and pressure base; the effect of variations in company accounting and billing practices; differences between billing cycle and calendar period time frames; and imbalances resulting from the merger of data-

251

Energy-saving lighting systems. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect

Artificial lighting accounts for 20% of electrical energy, 7.6% of total energy, and 3.8% of total fuel in the US. Because conserving lighting energy can reduce operating costs as well as save energy, this book explores several practical ways to do that. The book first describes the complete range of light sources and their accessories, then goes on to cover photometric reports, techniques of lighting design, fluorescent luminaires, industrial lighting systems, manual and automatic lighting controls, the impact of air-conditioning on lighting systems, and exterior lighting. A glossary of lighting terminology, conversion tables, and recommended illumination levels appear in the appendix. The book is designed for students and practicity lighting engineers and designers. 56 references, 169 figures, 45 tables. (DCK)

Sorcar, P.C.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Microsoft Word - Glossary_2009April20.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Adopted by NERC Board of Trustees: November 13, 2008 Page 1 of 21 Adopted by NERC Board of Trustees: November 13, 2008 Page 1 of 21 Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards Updated April 20, 2009 Term Acronym Definition Adequacy The ability of the electric system to supply the aggregate electrical demand and energy requirements of the end-use customers at all times, taking into account scheduled and reasonably expected unscheduled outages of system elements. Adjacent Balancing Authority A Balancing Authority Area that is interconnected another Balancing Authority Area either directly or via a multi-party agreement or transmission tariff. Adverse Reliability Impact The impact of an event that results in frequency-related instability; unplanned tripping of load or generation; or uncontrolled separation or

253

Historical Dictionary of the Western Sahara and From Socialism to Islam? Notes on Islam as a Political Factor in Contemporary Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BOOK NOTES Historical Dictionary · of · the · Wes~ern ·series of historical dictionaries of African nations edited

Harmon, Steve

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

The data dictionary: A view into the CTBT knowledge base  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The data dictionary for the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) knowledge base provides a comprehensive, current catalog of the projected contents of the knowledge base. It is written from a data definition view of the knowledge base and therefore organizes information in a fashion that allows logical storage within the computer. The data dictionary introduces two organization categories of data: the datatype, which is a broad, high-level category of data, and the dataset, which is a specific instance of a datatype. The knowledge base, and thus the data dictionary, consist of a fixed, relatively small number of datatypes, but new datasets are expected to be added on a regular basis. The data dictionary is a tangible result of the design effort for the knowledge base and is intended to be used by anyone who accesses the knowledge base for any purpose, such as populating the knowledge base with data, or accessing the data for use with automatic data processing (ADP) routines, or browsing through the data for verification purposes. For these two reasons, it is important to discuss the development of the data dictionary as well as to describe its contents to better understand its usefulness; that is the purpose of this paper.

Shepherd, E.R.; Keyser, R.G.; Armstrong, H.M. [and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Dictionary Design for Text Image Compression with JBIG2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The JBIG2 standard for lossy and lossless bi-level image coding is a very flexible encoding strategy based on pattern matching techniques. This paper addresses the problem of compressing text images with JBIG2. For text image compression, JBIG2 allows two encoding strategies: SPM and PM&S. We compare in detail the lossless and lossy coding performance using the SPM-based and PM&S-based JBIG2, including their coding efficiency, reconstructed image quality and system complexity. For the SPM-based JBIG2, we discuss the bit rate trade-off associated with symbol dictionary design. We propose two symbol dictionary design techniques: the class-based and tree-based techniques. Experiments show that the SPM-based JBIG2 is a more efficient lossless system, leading to 8% higher compression ratios on average. It also provides better control over the reconstructed image quality in lossy compression. However, SPM's advantages come at the price of higher encoder complexity. The proposed class-based and tree-based symbol dictionary designs outperform simpler dictionary formation techniques by 8% for lossless and 16-18% for lossy compression. Keywords Bi-level image coding, text image compression, JBIG2, soft pattern matching, symbol dictionary. 1 1

Yan Ye; Pamela Cosman

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Glossary of Energy-Related Terms | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Glossary of Energy-Related Terms Glossary of Energy-Related Terms Glossary of Energy-Related Terms August 20, 2013 - 9:20am Addthis Here you'll find a glossary of energy-related terms. A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z A Absolute Humidity The ratio of the mass of water vapor to the volume occupied by a mixture of water vapor and dry air. Absorbent A material that extracts one or more substances from a fluid (gas or liquid) medium on contact, and which changes physically and/or chemically in the process. The less volatile of the two working fluids in an absorption cooling device. Absorber The component of a solar thermal collector that absorbs solar radiation and converts it to heat, or, as in a solar photovoltaic device, the material

257

Glossary of Energy-Related Terms | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Glossary of Energy-Related Terms Glossary of Energy-Related Terms Glossary of Energy-Related Terms August 20, 2013 - 9:20am Addthis Here you'll find a glossary of energy-related terms. A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z A Absolute Humidity The ratio of the mass of water vapor to the volume occupied by a mixture of water vapor and dry air. Absorbent A material that extracts one or more substances from a fluid (gas or liquid) medium on contact, and which changes physically and/or chemically in the process. The less volatile of the two working fluids in an absorption cooling device. Absorber The component of a solar thermal collector that absorbs solar radiation and converts it to heat, or, as in a solar photovoltaic device, the material

258

\\Reuschertrolder driver projectwriteupDeb finalGlossary.PD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

G - 1 GLOSSARY Baby boomers Persons born from 1946 to 1964. Dementia The loss of cognitive abilities (e.g., memory, perception, judgment); the most common dementia is Alzheimer' s...

259

Glossary Term - 10 Most Abundant Compounds in the Earth's Crust  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vanadis Previous Term (Vanadis) Glossary Main Index Next Term (10 Most Abundant Elements in the Earth's Crust) 10 Most Abundant Elements
in the Earth's Crust 10 Most Abundant...

260

The IEA/ECBCS/Annex 40 Glossary on Commissioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Energy Agency's (IEA) Energy Conservation in Building and Community Systems' (ECBCS) Annex 40 has developed a glossary of commissioning terms as one of the first commissioning tools produced within the annex. The glossary consists of four major sections: 1) definition of basic terms, 2) explanation of basic terms, 3) commissioning types, and 4) commissioning process. These sections, which were originally developed to facilitate Annex 40 discussions, are now incorporated into an on-line database system. This on-line tool is publicly available on the Annex 40 website and enables users to search for specific definitions and provides links for more detailed explanations, related terms, and existing reference definitions. Using this database system many documents developed in Annex 40 have been actively linked to the glossary for direct access to the definitions. In addition, during the development and review process for the glossary, users are able to submit suggestions for new terms, translations, and other modifications. The purpose of this paper is to introduce the glossary and database system developed in Annex 40 and to invite users to participate in the public review of the glossary before publication of the final report.

Akashi, Y.; Castro, N.; Novakovic, V.; Viaud, B.; Jandon, M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A Brief Summary of Dictionary Learning Based Approach for Classification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This note presents some representative methods which are based on dictionary learning (DL) for classification. We do not review the sophisticated methods or frameworks that involve DL for classification, such as online DL and spatial pyramid matching (SPM), but rather, we concentrate on the direct DL-based classification methods. Here, the "so-called direct DL-based method" is the approach directly deals with DL framework by adding some meaningful penalty terms. By listing some representative methods, we can roughly divide them into two categories, i.e. (1) directly making the dictionary discriminative and (2) forcing the sparse coefficients discriminative to push the discrimination power of the dictionary. From this taxonomy, we can expect some extensions of them as future researches.

Shu, Kong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

A Multilingual on-line Dictionary of Astronomical Concepts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the occasion of the International Year of Astronomy (IYA2009), we present a new interactive dictionary of astronomy and astrophysics, which contains about 7000 entries. This interdisciplinary and multicultural work is intended for professional and amateur astronomers, university students in astrophysics, as well as terminologists and linguists. A new approach is pursued in the formation of a scientific dictionary, which aims to display additional dimensions of astronomical concepts. Although Virtual Observatories recognize the necessity of efforts to define basic astronomical concepts and establish their reciprocal relations, so far they have mainly been confined to archiving observational data. The present dictionary could be an incipient contribution to cover and inter-relate the whole astronomical lexicon beyond subfields.

Heydari-Malayeri, M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

From cardinal spline wavelet bases to highly coherent dictionaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wavelet families arise by scaling and translations of a prototype function, called the {\\em {mother wavelet}}. The construction of wavelet bases for cardinal spline spaces is generally carried out within the multi-resolution analysis scheme. Thus, the usual way of increasing the dimension of the multi-resolution subspaces is by augmenting the scaling factor. We show here that, when working on a compact interval, the identical effect can be achieved without changing the wavelet scale but reducing the translation parameter. By such a procedure we generate a redundant frame, called a {\\em{dictionary}}, spanning the same spaces as a wavelet basis but with wavelets of broader support. We characterise the correlation of the dictionary elements by measuring their `coherence' and produce examples illustrating the relevance of highly coherent dictionaries to problems of sparse signal representation.

Andrle, Miroslav

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Residential solar data center: data dictionary/directory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Residential Solar Data Center project staff in the Center for Building Technology, National Bureau of Standards, maintains a computerized data base containing non-instrumented residential data from the DOE/HUD Solar Heating and Cooling Demonstration Program. This document provides a dictionary of data elements collected as part of the Residential Solar Program and a directory of the specific files which contain the data elements. This data dictionary/directory was produced by a computer program written in ASCII COBOL. The automated procedure is briefly described in an appendix.

Christopher, P.M.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

TWRS privatization support project waste characterization resource dictionary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A single estimate of waste characteristics for each underground storage tanks at the Hanford Site is not available. The information that is available was developed for specific programmatic objectives and varies in format and level of descriptive detail, depending on the intended application. This dictionary reflects an attempt to define what waste characterization information is available. It shows the relationship between the identified resource and the original data source and the inter-relationships among the resources; it also provides a brief description of each resource. Developed as a general dictionary for waste characterization information, this document is intended to make the user aware of potenially useful resources.

Patello, G.K.; Wiemers, K.D.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Discussion of power definitions contained in the IEEE Dictionary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This tutorial paper discusses the drawbacks of the definitions of various types of powers found in the current IEEE Standard Dictionary of Electrical and Electronics Terms (IEEE Std. 100-88). With the exceptions of instantaneous power and active power, all remaining kinds of powers are nonphysical. The concept of power factor in polyphase circuits is ambiguous. Examples that illustrate the shortcomings of many power definitions are included. The impact of these definitions on current power/energy metering practices are discussed. It is recommended that some definitions be either changed or eliminated from the IEEE Dictionary.

Filipski, P.S. (National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada)); Baghzouz, Y. (Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States). Electrical and Computer Engineering Dept.); Cox, M.D. (Louisiana Tech Univ., Ruston, LA (United States). Electrical Engineering Dept.)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Natural Gas Monthly, June 1985. [Contains glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current data on natural and supplemental gas consumption, disposition, production, prices, storage, imports, and exports in the United States are provided for each year from 1978 through 1985, with monthly data for the most recent 3 years. Some data are also given by state or city; some data are also given for previous years. Operating and financial data for major interstate natural gas pipeline companies, as well as data on filings, ceiling prices, and transportation under the Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978, are also included. Explanatory notes, a discussion of data sources, and a glossary are included. Three reports previously published as separate annuals are now published in this report. The three are: ''Underground Natural Gas Storage in the United States'' (DOE/EIA-0239); ''US Imports and Exports of Nautral Gas'' (DOE/EIA-0188); and ''Main Line Sales of Natural Gas to Industrial Users'' (DOE/EIA-0129). Titles of feature articles for this issue are: (1) Residential and natural gas sales per customer in northeastern United States; and (2) Domestic natural gas reserves and production dedicated to interstate pipeline companies, 1984. 6 refs., 32 tabs.

Not Available

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Natural Gas Monthly, November 1985. [Contains glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current data on natural and supplemental gas consumption, disposition, production, prices, storage, imports, and exports in the United States are provided for each year from 1980 through 1985 with monthly data for the most recent 3 years. Some data are also given by state or city; some data are also given for previous years. Operating and financial data for major interstate natural gas pipeline companies, as well as data on filings, ceiling prices, and transportation under the Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978, are also included. Explanatory notes, a discussion of data sources, and a glossary are included. Three reports previously published as separate annuals are now published in this report. The three are: ''Underground Natural Gas Storage in the United States'' (DOE/EIA-0239); ''US Imports and Exports of Natural Gas'' (DOE/EIA-0188); and ''Main Line Sales of Natural Gas to Industrial Users'' (DOE/EIA-0129). Featured articles for this month are: (1) ''Main Line Natural Gas Sales to Industrial Users, 1984''; and (2) ''Transitions in Natural Gas Markets.''

Not Available

1986-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

269

Dictionary/handbook of nuclear medicine and clinical imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book covers the following topics: Fundamentals of English medical etymology, Abbreviations, acronyms, symbols, denotations, and signs commonly used or defined in the dictionary, Characteristics of the elements, Characteristics of practicable radioisotopes and of selected radionuclides commonly used in nuclear medicine, Properties and production of radionuclides, Radioactive decay, Radiopharmaceuticals, and Radiation dosimetry.

Iturralde, M.P. (Univ. of Pretoria and H.S. Verwoerd Hospital, Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, Pretoria (ZA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Iterative Dictionary Construction for Compression of Large DNA Data Sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Genomic repositories increasingly include individual as well as reference sequences, which tend to share long identical and near-identical strings of nucleotides. However, the sequential processing used by most compression algorithms, and the volumes ... Keywords: Dictionary construction, compression, DNA, large data sets.

Shanika Kuruppu; Bryan Beresford-Smith; Thomas Conway; Justin Zobel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Production of an English/Russian glossary of terminology for nuclear materials control and accounting  

SciTech Connect

The program plans for Former Soviet Union National Nuclear Materials Control and Accounting (MC and A) Systems Enhancements call for the development of an English/Russian Glossary of MC and A terminology. This glossary was envisioned as an outgrowth of the many interactions, training sessions, and other talking and writing exercises that would transpire in the course of carrying out these programs. This report summarizes the status of the production of this glossary, the most recent copy of which is attached to this report. The glossary contains over 950 terms and acronyms associated with nuclear material control and accounting for safeguards and nonproliferation. This document is organized as follows: English/Russian glossary of terms and acronyms; Russian/English glossary of terms and acronyms; English/Russian glossary of acronyms; and Russian/English glossary of acronyms.

Schachowskoj, S.; Smith, H.A. Jr.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Annual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2010/11 11 Glossary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2010/11 11 Glossary Some of the terms used Glossary #12;Annual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2010/11 Additional heating Heating

273

Plans, Implementation, and Results Glossary | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Plans, Implementation, and Results Glossary Plans, Implementation, and Results Glossary Plans, Implementation, and Results Glossary Definitions of the office overview, plans, implementation, and results document and website categories are provided below: Overview Key Office Overview Documents This category contains informative fact sheets, Powerpoint briefings and similar documents that provide an overview of an Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) office but are not covered by other categories below. Legislative and Executive Guidance EERE offices must operate within parameters established by Congress, the President and other officials in the Department of Energy (DOE), the Office of Management and Budget, and other government bodies. The Legislative and Executive Guidance category refers to Congressional statutory and other

274

Small Wind Guidebook/Glossary of Terms | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Small Wind Guidebook/Glossary of Terms Small Wind Guidebook/Glossary of Terms < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid? * Can I Go Off-Grid? * State Information Portal * Glossary of Terms * For More Information

275

Glossary - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Glossary Glossary A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ Search glossary terms: Search Browse terms related to these fuel groups: alternative fuels coal electricity natural gas nuclear petroleum renewable renewable Active solar: As an energy source, energy from the sun collected and stored using mechanical pumps or fans to circulate heat-laden fluids or air between solar collectors and a building. Adverse water conditions: Reduced stream flow, lack of rain in the drainage basin, or low water supply behind a pondage or reservoir dam resulting in a reduced gross head that limits the production of hydroelectric power or forces restrictions to be placed on multipurpose reservoirs or other water uses. Adverse Weather Conditions: Reduced streamflow, lack of rain in the

276

Annual Report of the EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Programme 2009/10 11 Glossary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annual Report of the EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Programme 2009/10 11.1 11 Glossary 11 Glossary Some radiation n Li T #12;Annual Report of the EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Programme 2009/10 11.2 11 Glossary Additional

277

PIER Glossary An acronym table is provided as a "starting point" for determining the proper term.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PIER Glossary · An acronym table is provided as a "starting point" for determining the proper term. The reader can then look up the term in the glossary. · Note that "synonyms" are not usually considered Preference Act TC Tailored Collaboration TSD Technology Systems Division #12;PIER Glossary Word Definition

278

NATURAL GAS FROM SHALE: Questions and Answers Shale Gas Glossary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Glossary Glossary Acquifer - A single underground geological formation, or group of formations, containing water. Antrim Shale - A shale deposit located in the northern Michigan basin that is a Devonian age rock formation lying at a relatively shallow depth of 1,000 feet. Gas has been produced from this formation for several decades primarily via vertical, rather than horizontal, wells. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates the technically recoverable Antrim shale resource at 20 trillion cubic feet (tcf). Appalachian Basin - The geological formations that roughly follow the Appalachian Mountain range and contain

279

Glossary of CERCLA-related terms and acronyms  

SciTech Connect

This glossary contains CERCLA-related terms that are most often encountered in the US Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Restoration and Emergency Preparedness activities. Detailed definitions are included for key terms. The definitions included in this glossary are taken from the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), as amended, related federal rulemakings (e.g., 40 CFR 300, National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan), assorted guidance documents prepared by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and DOE Order 5400.4. The source of each term is noted after the term. Terms presented in this document reflect revised and new definitions published before June 1, 1991. 20 refs.

Not Available

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Indexing methods for approximate dictionary searching: Comparative analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary goal of this article is to survey state-of-the-art indexing methods for approximate dictionary searching. To improve understanding of the field, we introduce a taxonomy that classifies all methods into direct methods and sequence-based filtering ... Keywords: k-errata tree, q-gram, q-sample, Damerau-Levenshtein distance, Levenshtein distance, NR-grep, agrep, approximate searching, frequency distance, frequency vector trie, metric trees, neighborhood generation, trie

Leonid Boytsov

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) Data Dictionary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This data dictionary describes where to find specific data related to the vehicle-to-grid (V2G) infrastructure and its relationship to renewable energy sources, energy storage, and vehicle and electricity usage. Four sections of data listings are presented: renewable energy, vehicle usage, energy storage, and electricity usage; each section describes several available data sets in each field. This report provides a resource for continuing research in these fields and lists data sources related to integra...

2011-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

282

Augmenting Manual Dictionaries for Statistical Machine Translation Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the usefulness of manually created dictionaries can be enhanced for a statistical machine translation system when new translations are automatically added which are simple morphological transformations (plural forms, different verb inflections) of the original. Further improvement is possible when assigning probabilities to the lexicon entries. We describe a method to do this on the basis of an automatically trained statistical lexicon. Experimental results are given for Chinese to English translation tasks and show a significant improvement in translation quality.

Stephan Vogel; Christian Monson

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Target Identification Using Dictionary Matching of Generalized Polarization Tensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to provide a fast and efficient procedure for (real-time) target identification in imaging based on matching on a dictionary of precomputed generalized polarization tensors (GPTs). The approach is based on some important properties of the GPTs and new invariants. A new shape representation is given and numerically tested in the presence of measurement noise. The stability and resolution of the proposed identification algorithm is numerically quantified.

Habib Ammari; Thomas Boulier; Josselin Garnier; Wenjia Jing; Hyœnbæ Kang; Han Wang

2012-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

284

Dictionaries merger for text expansion in question answering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an original way to add new data in a reference dictionary from several other lexical resources, without loosing any consistence. This operation is carried in order to get lexical information classified by the sense of the entry. This classification makes it possible to enrich utterances (in QA: the queries) following the meaning, and to reduce noise. An analysis of the experienced problems shows the interest of this method, and insists on the points that have to be tackled. 1

Bernard Jacquemin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Solar Energy Education. Reader, Part II. Sun story. [Includes glossary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Magazine articles which focus on the subject of solar energy are presented. The booklet prepared is the second of a four part series of the Solar Energy Reader. Excerpts from the magazines include the history of solar energy, mythology and tales, and selected poetry on the sun. A glossary of energy related terms is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Archives and History Office: SLACspeak, Glossary of SLAC terms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

glossary terms alphabetically A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Or Search Acronym, etc.: Definition: Submit Clear Or enter SPIRES Search Command Search Clear...

287

Lubricant base oil and wax processing. [Glossary included  

SciTech Connect

This book provides state-of-the-art information on all processes currently used to manufacture lubricant base oils and waxes. It furnishes helpful lists of conversion factors, construction cost data, and process licensors, as well as a glossary of essential petroleum processing terms.

Sequeira, A. Jr.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

COMPASS An Intelligent Dictionary System for Reading Text in a Foreign Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a system which assists in the comprehension of on--line texts in foreign languages by utilising a context--sensitive dictionary look--up system. The system employs state--of--the--art finite state technology for the context analysis and uses converted bilingual print dictionaries as its primary resource of lexical information. A comprehenision--specific view of the conventional print dictionaries was made available for the system by analysing the dictionary structure and parsing the typesetting tapes. The lexical information was validated and augmented by corpus--based lexicographic revision, and was finally formalised to meet the requirements of an NLP system. An estimation of the efforts required to prepare full dictionaries for the system is given. 1 Introduction Electronic dictionaries have substantially simplified the time--consuming task of looking up words. This is particularly true when the text to be read is in electronic form, a reading situation that is ...

Helmut Feldweg; Elisabeth Breidt

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Online Discriminative Dictionary Learning for Image Classification Based on Block-Coordinate Descent Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous researches have demonstrated that the framework of dictionary learning with sparse coding, in which signals are decomposed as linear combinations of a few atoms of a learned dictionary, is well adept to reconstruction issues. This framework has also been used for discrimination tasks such as image classification. To achieve better performances of classification, experts develop several methods to learn a discriminative dictionary in a supervised manner. However, another issue is that when the data become extremely large in scale, these methods will be no longer effective as they are all batch-oriented approaches. For this reason, we propose a novel online algorithm for discriminative dictionary learning, dubbed \\textbf{ODDL} in this paper. First, we introduce a linear classifier into the conventional dictionary learning formulation and derive a discriminative dictionary learning problem. Then, we exploit an online algorithm to solve the derived problem. Unlike the most existing approaches which updat...

Kong, Shu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Lexical Postcorrection of OCR-Results: The Web as a Dynamic Secondary Dictionary?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Postcorrection of OCR-results for text documents is usually based on electronic dictionaries. When scanning texts from a specific thematic area, conventional dictionaries often miss a considerable number of tokens. Furthermore, if word frequencies are stored with the entries, these frequencies will not properly reflect the frequencies found in the given thematic area. Correction adequacy suffers from these two shortcomings. We report on a series of experiments where we compare (1) the use of fixed, static largescale dictionaries (including proper names and abbreviations) with (2) the use of dynamic dictionaries retrieved via an automated analysis of the vocabulary of web pages from a given domain, and (3) the use of mixed dictionaries. Our experiments, which address English and German document collections from a variety of fields, show that dynamic dictionaries of the above mentioned form can improve the coverage for the given thematic area in a significant way and help to improve the quality of lexical postcorrection methods. 1.

Christian Strohmaier; Christoph Ringlstetter; Klaus U. Schulz; Stoyan Mihov

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Adaptive non-uniform B-spline dictionaries on a compact interval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-uniform B-spline dictionaries on a compact interval are discussed. For each given partition, dictionaries of B-spline functions for the corresponding spline space are constructed. It is asserted that, by dividing the given partition into subpartitions and joining together the bases for the concomitant subspaces, slightly redundant dictionaries of B-splines functions are obtained. Such dictionaries are proved to span the spline space associated to the given partition. The proposed construction is shown to be potentially useful for the purpose of sparse signal representation. With that goal in mind, spline spaces specially adapted to produce a sparse representation of a given signal are considered.

Rebollo-Neira, Laura

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

On the optimality of Orthogonal Greedy Algorithm for M-coherent dictionaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that Orthogonal Greedy Algorithms (Orthogonal Matching Pursuit) provides almost optimal approximation on the first [1/(20M)] steps for M-coherent dictionaries

Livshitz, Eugene

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Dictionary of high-energy physics in English, German, French and Russian  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dictionary contains approximately 5,000 entries in each of the four languages covered (English, German, French and Russian). This dictionary provides a comprehensive collection of terms used in high-energy physics. The terms were compiled from specialized literature, including the most recent reports from research institutes and proceedings of conferences. The dictionary uses the approved lexicographical system of the other dictionaries. To each entry is added the special field from which the term derives and further information that may help in understanding the correct meaning of the term. The alphanumeric arrangement allows the user to translate from any of the four languages into any of the other languages included.

Sube, R.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Converter Program: PSADD Dictionary for Dynamics Model, Version 2.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This manual contains a listing of the PSADD dictionary for PSS/E dynamics models. The format of this dictionary is the same as that used for the "main" PSADD. Wherever possible, dictionary names and data types are the same as those used in the "main" PSADD. Please note that not all of the PSS/E dynamics models have been included in this dictionary and are convertible by the CONVERTER program. EPRI advisors and PTI engineers selected the models for inclusion based on the perceived "usefulness" of the mode...

2000-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

295

Overlapping Constraints of Two Step Selection to Generate a Transfer Dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Any machine translation system requires a transfer dictionary between the source and target languages. Typically, since the construction of such a dictionary is done by hand, a lot of time is taken and the cost is enormous. Considering this, we attempted the construction of a bilingual dictionary through the re-generation of already-existing language resources. Aiming at the generation of a KoreanJapanese dictionary, we extracted candidates of Korean and Japanese equivalent pairs by a two-step process of searching through a Korean-English dictionary first and then searching through an EnglishJapanese dictionary.We also attempted the narrowing down of Korean-Japanese equivalent pairs by the overlapping of obtained Japanese translations. According to a trial experiment using 100 Korean words randomly taken, 61 correct Japanese translations were obtained. Among the correct translations, we took 25 translations for which a search of the English-Japanese dictionary successfully produced two or more translations for the English words obtained in the search results of the Korean-English dictionary. Of the 25 translations, 21 (84%) could be automatically narrowed down by taking the overlapped words from the Japanese translation sets for the individual English words. With the abovetwostep dictionary extraction, moreover, nine cases out of ten were correct when only one Japanese translation was obtained. These results show the possibility that Korean-Japanese translation pairs can be generated at an expected correctness rate of 44 out of 100 words when using the already proposed method that combines a Korean-English dictionary and a Japanese-English dictionary. 1

Satoshi Shirai; Kazuhide Yamamoto; Kyonghee Paik

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Overlapping Constraints of Two Step Selection to Generate a Transfer Dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Any machine translation system requires a transfer dictionary between the source and target languages. Typically, since the construction of such a dictionary is done by hand, a lot of time is taken and the cost is enormous. Considering this, we attempted the construction of a bilingual dictionary through the re-generation of already-existing language resources. Aiming at the generation of a KoreanJapanese dictionary, we extracted candidates of Korean and Japanese equivalent pairs by a two-step process of searching through a Korean-English dictionary first and then searching through an EnglishJapanese dictionary. We also attempted the narrowing down of Korean-Japanese equivalent pairs by the overlapping of obtained Japanese translations. According to a trial experiment using 100 Korean words randomly taken, 61 correct Japanese translations were obtained. Among the correct translations, we took 25 translations for which a search of the English-Japanese dictionary successfully produced two or more translations for the English words obtained in the search results of the Korean-English dictionary. Of the 25 translations, 21 (84%) could be automatically narrowed down by taking the overlapped words from the Japanese translation sets for the individual English words. With the above twostep dictionary extraction, moreover, nine cases out of ten were correct when only one Japanese translation was obtained. These results show the possibility that Korean-Japanese translation pairs can be generated at an expected correctness rate of 44 out of 100 words when using the already proposed method that combines a Korean-English dictionary and a Japanese-English dictionary. 1

Satoshi Shirai Kazuhide; Satoshi Shirai; Kazuhide Yamamoto; Kyonghee Paik

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Racism and Religious Bias in Castilian Spanish Language Dictionaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present study examines the evolution of the definitions of 31 terms having to do with three prominent religions in Spain: Christianity, Judaism and Islam. The definitions are analyzed for racism and religious bias in reference to the cultural and ideological periods of Spanish society throughout history. Each word is studied from the earliest date of appearance in a Spanish language dictionary. The database used is the Nuevo Tesoro Lexicográfico de la Lengua Española (NTLLE), published by the Real Academia Española (RAE) in 2001, which includes 70 dictionaries, 37 of which are written by authors not connected with the RAE. In an attempt to broaden the historical point of view, as many entries from dictionaries as possible are used in this analysis. Racist definitions are defined as containing abusive or pejorative language that insinuates that one race, or religion, is superior to another. Biased definitions use language that inhibits neutrality in the descriptions. It is shown that Christian terms are generally associated with positive concepts. Terms related to Judaism suffer much racism and religious bias through pejorative language and direct comparison to Christianity. Islamic terms reveal less racism in their entries and fall more often under neutral descriptions. That fewer biased entries exist for Islamic terms may be related to their status as a majority in Spain during large periods of history, whereas Jews suffered more racism because they were consistently the minority. The role of the Spanish Inquisition in the persecution of Jews will is shown to have heavy influence in the entries for several Jewish terms. While the item judío suffers the most extensive use of pejorative language, moro is the only term for which negative language endures to the present.

Howard, Lauren Kelli

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Glossary | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Glossary Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Glossary Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Contents 1 Wave Power 1.1 Point Absorber 1.1.1 Submerged Pressure Differential (Example of a Point Absorber) 1.2 Oscillating Water Column 1.3 Overtopping Device 1.4 Attentuator 1.5 Oscillating Wave Surge Converter 2 Current Power 2.1 Axial Flow Turbine 2.2 Cross Flow Turbine 2.3 Reciprocating Device 2.3.1 Oscillating Hydrofoil: (Example of a Reciprocating Device) 3 Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) 3.1 Closed-cycle 3.2 Open-cycle 3.3 Hybrid Wave Power Graphics adapted from Bedard and Thresher Point Absorber Pointabsorber.jpg Wave energy capture device, with principal dimension relatively small compared to the wavelength, and is able to capture energy from a wave front

299

Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Glossary | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Glossary Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Glossary (Redirected from Hybrid) Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Contents 1 Wave Power 1.1 Point Absorber 1.1.1 Submerged Pressure Differential (Example of a Point Absorber) 1.2 Oscillating Water Column 1.3 Overtopping Device 1.4 Attentuator 1.5 Oscillating Wave Surge Converter 2 Current Power 2.1 Axial Flow Turbine 2.2 Cross Flow Turbine 2.3 Reciprocating Device 2.3.1 Oscillating Hydrofoil: (Example of a Reciprocating Device) 3 Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) 3.1 Closed-cycle 3.2 Open-cycle 3.3 Hybrid Wave Power Graphics adapted from Bedard and Thresher Point Absorber Pointabsorber.jpg Wave energy capture device, with principal dimension relatively small compared to the wavelength, and is able to capture energy from a wave front

300

Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Glossary | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Glossary Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Glossary (Redirected from Attenuator) Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Contents 1 Wave Power 1.1 Point Absorber 1.1.1 Submerged Pressure Differential (Example of a Point Absorber) 1.2 Oscillating Water Column 1.3 Overtopping Device 1.4 Attentuator 1.5 Oscillating Wave Surge Converter 2 Current Power 2.1 Axial Flow Turbine 2.2 Cross Flow Turbine 2.3 Reciprocating Device 2.3.1 Oscillating Hydrofoil: (Example of a Reciprocating Device) 3 Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) 3.1 Closed-cycle 3.2 Open-cycle 3.3 Hybrid Wave Power Graphics adapted from Bedard and Thresher Point Absorber Pointabsorber.jpg Wave energy capture device, with principal dimension relatively small compared to the wavelength, and is able to capture energy from a wave front

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Extending Metadata Definitions by Automatically Extracting and Organizing Glossary Definitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metadata descriptions of database contents are required to build and use systems that access and deliver data in response to user requests. When numerous heterogeneous databases are brought together in a single system, their various metadata formalizations must be homogenized and integrated in order to support the access planning and delivery system. This integration is a tedious process that requires human expertise and attention. In this paper we describe a method of speeding up the formalization and integration of new metadata. The method takes advantage of the fact that databases are often described in web pages containing natural language glossaries that define pertinent aspects of the data. Given a root URL, our method identifies likely glossaries, extracts and formalizes aspects of relevant concepts defined in them, and automatically integrates the new formalized metadata concepts into a large model of the domain and associated conceptualizations.

Eduard Hovy; Andrew Philpot; Judith Klavans; Ulrich Germann; Peter Davis; Samuel Popper

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Glossary | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Glossary Technology Glossary (Redirected from Axial Flow Turbine) Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Contents 1 Wave Power 1.1 Point Absorber 1.1.1 Submerged Pressure Differential (Example of a Point Absorber) 1.2 Oscillating Water Column 1.3 Overtopping Device 1.4 Attentuator 1.5 Oscillating Wave Surge Converter 2 Current Power 2.1 Axial Flow Turbine 2.2 Cross Flow Turbine 2.3 Reciprocating Device 2.3.1 Oscillating Hydrofoil: (Example of a Reciprocating Device) 3 Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) 3.1 Closed-cycle 3.2 Open-cycle 3.3 Hybrid Wave Power Graphics adapted from Bedard and Thresher Point Absorber Pointabsorber.jpg Wave energy capture device, with principal dimension relatively small compared to the wavelength, and is able to capture energy from a wave front

303

Logic Compression Of Dictionaries For Multilingual Spelling Checkers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To provide practical spelling checkers on micro-computers, good compression algorithms ,are essential. Curtcut techniques used to compress lexicons for indo-European languages provide efficient spelling checker. Applying mine methods to languages which have a different morpho- logical system (Arabic, Turkish,...) gives insufficicut resalts. To get better results, we apply other "logical" compression mechanisms based on the strnctare of the lan guage itself. Experiments with multilingual dictionaries show a significant reduction rate attributable to our logic colnpression Illone and even better resulls when using our method in conjunction with existing me0uxls.

Boubaker Meddeb Hamrouni

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Towards a consistent AdS/QCD dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This note focuses on the large-N behaviour of the Hard Wall model of QCD and clarifies the AdS/QCD dictionary formulated on the basis of the AdS/CFT correspondence. It is shown how short-distance studies performed in the framework of the AdS/QCD Soft Wall model allow one to determine unambiguously the chiral symmetry breaking function in the Hard Wall model. Especially, the different forms of the field/operator prescription are emphasized. The large-N behaviour of the Hard Wall model is then checked considering the vector and gravitational form factors of the pion in the chiral limit.

Frederic Jugeau

2009-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

305

Tank Characterization Database (TCD) Data Dictionary: Version 4.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document is the data dictionary for the tank characterization database (TCD) system and contains information on the data model and SYBASE{reg_sign} database structure. The first two parts of this document are subject areas based on the two different areas of the (TCD) database: sample analysis and waste inventory. Within each subject area is an alphabetical list of all the database tables contained in the subject area. Within each table defintiion is a brief description of the table and alist of field names and attributes. The third part, Field Descriptions, lists all field names in the data base alphabetically.

NONE

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

An automatic method of creating valency entries using plain bilingual dictionaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce a fully automatic method to extend an existing rich bilingual valency dictionary by using information from multiple plain bilingual dictionaries. We evaluate our method using a translation regression test, and get an improvement of 7%. 1

Sanae Fujita; Francis Bond

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

The glossary as fictocriticism : a project ; and, New moon through glass : a novel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Glossary is a fictocritical work which accompanies the novel, New Moon Through Glass, written for my doctorate that encorporates fiction, poetry, analytic and critical… (more)

Farrar, Jill M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

The statistical restricted isometry property and the Wigner semicircle distribution of incoherent dictionaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we present a statistical version of the Candes-Tao restricted isometry property (SRIP for short) which holds in general for any incoherent dictionary which is a disjoint union of orthonormal bases. In addition, we show that, under appropriate normalization, the eigenvalues of the associated Gram matrix fluctuate around 1 according to the Wigner semicircle distribution. The result is then applied to various dictionaries that arise naturally in the setting of finite harmonic analysis, giving, in particular, a better understanding on a remark of Applebaum-Howard-Searle-Calderbank concerning RIP for the Heisenberg dictionary of chirp like functions.

Gurevich, Shamgar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Dictionary of surfactants English/German and German/English  

SciTech Connect

This dictionary is supplement to the monograph ''Surfactants in Consumer Products'' edited by Professor Dr. J. Falbe. It comprises approximately 3.200 keywords of the chemistry, technology and applications of surfactants in English/German and German/English. In the monograph the physical-chemical principles of action of the surfactants, their production and their application in laundry detergents, dishwashing detergents and cleaning agents as well as in cosmetics and toiletries are discussed. The technological aspects of application and formulation along with those of production and manufacturing processes are illustrated. Ecological and toxicological questions are probed in depth. Finally, important economic data concerning this branch of industry as well as an attempt to provide a perspective with regard to the future of the surfactant market round out the picture.

Siekmann, K.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Final Report: Update of the Glossary of Meteorology, September 1, 1994 - August 3, 1999  

SciTech Connect

The American Meteorological Society has updated the Glossary of Meteorology from the first addition which was published in 1959. The second edition contains over 12,000 entries in meteorology and related fields. The glossary will be made available in both book and CD-ROM formats. DOE was one of six federal agencies that provided support for this project.

American Meteorological Society

2000-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

311

Annual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2012/13 11 Glossary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2012/13 11 Glossary Some of the terms used will almost certainly be D + T n + + 17.6 MeV, because this requires the lowest temperature 11.1 11 Glossary

312

Cogeneration handbook for the petroleum refining industry. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

The decision of whether to cogenerate involves several considerations, including technical, economic, environmental, legal, and regulatory issues. Each of these issues is addressed separately in this handbook. In addition, a chapter is included on preparing a three-phase work statement, which is needed to guide the design of a cogeneration system. In addition, an annotated bibliography and a glossary of terminology are provided. Appendix A provides an energy-use profile of the petroleum refining industry. Appendices B through O provide specific information that will be called out in subsequent chapters.

Fassbender, L.L.; Garrett-Price, B.A.; Moore, N.L.; Fassbender, A.G.; Eakin, D.E.; Gorges, H.A.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Cogeneration handbook for the textile industry. [Contains glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The decision of whether to cogenerate involves several considerations, including technical, economic, environmental, legal, and regulatory issues. Each of these issues is addressed separately in this handbook. In addition, a chapter is included on preparing a three-phase work statement, which is needed to guide the design of a cogeneration system. In addition, an annotated bibliography and a glossary of terminology are provided. Appendix A provides an energy-use profile of the textile industry. Appendices B through O provide specific information that will be called out in subsequent chapters.

Garrett-Price, B.A.; Fassbender, L.L.; Moore, N.L.; Fassbender, A.G.; Eakin, D.E.; Gorges, H.A.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Cogeneration handbook for the chemical process industries. [Contains glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The desision of whether to cogenerate involves several considerations, including technical, economic, environmental, legal, and regulatory issues. Each of these issues is addressed separately in this handbook. In addition, a chapter is included on preparing a three-phase work statement, which is needed to guide the design of a cogeneration system. In addition, an annotated bibliography and a glossary of terminology are provided. Appendix A provides an energy-use profile of the chemical industry. Appendices B through O provide specific information that will be called out in subsequent chapters.

Fassbender, A.G.; Fassbender, L.L.; Garrett-Price, B.A.; Moore, N.L.; Eakin, D.E.; Gorges, H.A.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Cogeneration handbook for the food processing industry. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

The decision of whether to cogenerate involves several considerations, including technical, economic, environmental, legal, and regulatory issues. Each of these issues is addressed separately in this handbook. In addition, a chapter is included on preparing a three-phase work statement, which is needed to guide the design of a cogeneration system. In addition, an annotated bibliography and a glossary of terminology are provided. Appendix A provides an energy-use profile of the food processing industry. Appendices B through O provide specific information that will be called out in subsequent chapters.

Eakin, D.E.; Fassbender, L.L.; Garrett-Price, B.A.; Moore, N.L.; Fasbender, A.G.; Gorges, H.A.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Learning description of term patterns using glossary resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a method of automatic extraction of knowledge patterns using in term descriptions from glossary, and using them to extract term description from technical texts. A brief introduction of the problem will be presented. After that, knowledge patterns and related works are discussed. By statistical analysis, we will show that these patterns can be learned, and we will propose a method to learn these pattern based on discover collocation of important verbs and nouns represent main concepts in the domain. Evaluation have been made showing that using the method, we can extract half of the correct descriptions, with a noise just one third. 1.

Le An Ha; Wolverhampton Wv Sb

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

English-Spanish glossary: offshore exploration and production, gas processing, and valves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This series of articles contains 3 different English-Spanish glossaries of related terms used in the oil industry. The glossary of the offshore exploration and production involves a summary of terms used in the offshore oil activity. It also includes names of singular equipment used in offshore drilling, as well as several navigation terms in relation to the floating oil structures. With the help of the Gas Processors Association it was possible to compile a glossary of gas processing with a concise selection of common terms of the industry of gas processing. The glossary of valves includes more than 200 terms of the industry of valves in a specialized glossary, and several explanations about the application and operation of valves.

Not Available

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Gapped spectral dictionaries and their applications for database searches of tandem mass spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Generating all plausible de novo interpretations of a peptide tandem mass (MS/MS) spectrum (Spectral Dictionary) and quickly matching them against the database represent a recently emerged alternative approach to peptide identification However, ...

Kyowon Jeong; Sangtae Kim; Nuno Bandeira; Pavel A. Pevzner

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

RCRIS data-element dictionary, Version 3. 0. 0. Data tape documentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report is the data element dictionary for the Resource Conservation and Recovery Information System (RCRIS). The data include each hazardous waste facility name, EPA identification number, address, owner and operator information, facility contact name and telephone number.

Not Available

1991-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

320

Ivan Franko's novel Dlja domashnjoho ohnyshcha (For the Hearth) in the light of the frequency dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the article, the methodology and the principles of the compilation of the Frequency dictionary for Ivan Franko's novel Dlja domashnjoho ohnyshcha (For the Hearth) are described. The following statistical parameters of the novel vocabulary are obtained: variety, exclusiveness, concentration indexes, correlation between word rank and text coverage, etc. The main quantitative characteristics of Franko's novels Perekhresni stezhky (The Cross-Paths) and Dlja domashnjoho ohnyshcha are compared on the basis of their frequency dictionaries.

Buk, Solomiya

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

62–XX Statistics 62–00 General reference works (handbooks,dictionaries,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bibliographies,etc.) von Collani,Elart (with Dräger, Klaus) ? Binomial distribution handbook for scientists and engineers. (English summary) 2003g:62001 Dräger,Klaus see von Collani,Elart, 2003g:62001 Everitt,B. S. ? The Cambridge dictionary of statistics. (English summary) 2003h:62001 Items listed otherwise than by author Dictionary: Statistics see Everitt,B. S., 2003h:62001 Items with secondary classifications in 62–00

unknown authors

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Glossary on the environmental impact of a nuclear war. Technical note  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The glossary defines a number of words, expressions, and acronyms used in the description of the impact of nuclear war on the environment, and associated issues. Selected additional words related to the problems of armaments, disarmament, and nuclear war in general were also added for convenience, although terms and expressions specifically related to the medical aspects of the problem were not included. The glossary is an enlarged and updated version of the glossary that was published as part of the SCOPE-Enuwar study on the same subject, and published by Wiley (Pittock et al., 1986).

Verstraete, M.M.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Paducah DUF6 Conversion Final EIS - Chapter 9: Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Paducah DUF Paducah DUF 6 Conversion Final EIS 9 GLOSSARY Accident: An unplanned sequence of events resulting in undesirable consequences, such as the release of radioactive or hazardous material to the environment. Accident consequence assessment: An assessment of the impacts following the occurrence of an accident, independent of the probability of that accident. The environmental impact statement (EIS) provides estimates of the consequences of a number of possible accidents, ranging from those with low probability (rare) to those with relatively high probability (frequent). Accident frequency: The likelihood that a specific accident will occur, that is, the probability of occurrence. If an accident is estimated to happen once every 50 years, the accident frequency is generally reported as

324

Microsoft Word - NGA-Glossary_Jan09.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Glossary Aquifer Storage Field: A sub-surface facility for storing natural gas consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an impermeable cap rock. Balancing Item: Represents differences between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differences may be due to quantities lost or to the effects of data- reporting problems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and converted to a standard temperature and pressure base; the effect of variations in company accounting and billing practices; differences between billing cycle and calendar period time frames; and imbalances resulting from the merger of data-

325

Portsmouth DUF6 Conversion Final EIS - Chapter 9: Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Portsmouth DUF Portsmouth DUF 6 Conversion Final EIS 9 GLOSSARY Accident: An unplanned sequence of events resulting in undesirable consequences, such as the release of radioactive or hazardous material to the environment. Accident consequence assessment: An assessment of the impacts following the occurrence of an accident, independent of the probability of that accident. The environmental impact statement (EIS) provides estimates of the consequences of a number of possible accidents, ranging from those with low probability (rare) to those with relatively high probability (frequent). Accident frequency: The likelihood that a specific accident will occur, that is, the probability of occurrence. If an accident is estimated to happen once every 50 years, the accident frequency is generally reported as

326

Oil and gas field code master list, 1983. [Glossary included  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is the second annual listing of all identified oil and gas fields in the United States with field information collected through November 1983. The purpose of the publication is to provide codes for easy identification of domestic fields. A standardization of these field codes will foster consistency in field identification by government and industry. The use of field names and codes listed in this publication is required on the survey forms and reports regarding field-specific data for the Energy Information Administration (EIA) and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. A glossary of the terms is provided to assist the readers in more fully understanding the information in this Field Code Master List. 8 figures, 4 tables.

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Soap Manufacturing TechnologyChapter 16 Soap Calculations, Glossary, and Fats, Oils, and Fatty Acid Specifications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soap Manufacturing Technology Chapter 16 Soap Calculations, Glossary, and Fats, Oils, and Fatty Acid Specifications Surfactants and Detergents eChapters Surfactants - Detergents Press Downloadable pdf of\tChapter

328

English/Russian and Russian/English glossary of physical protection terms  

SciTech Connect

This glossary was prepared in fulfillment of the Glossary Preparation Task identified in the Program Plan for providing Assistance to the Russian Federation in Nuclear Material Control and Accounting and Physical Protection. The Program Plan is part of the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program as provided for under House Resolution (H.R.) 3807 (Title II, as referenced under Public Law (P.L.) 102-229. The terms in this glossary were derived from physical protection training material prepared at Sandia. The training material, and thus refinements to the glossary, has undergone years of development in presentation to both domestic and international audiences. Also, Russian Colleagues and interpreters have reviewed the translations for accuracy.

Soo Hoo, M.S. [ed.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

An English/Chinese and Chinese/English glossary for nuclear material control and accounting  

SciTech Connect

This document is a glossary of English/Chinese and Chinese/English expressions which are technical terms likely to occur in literature related to nuclear materials control and accounting.

Agnew, C.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

330

Wang OIS glossary package for reformatting documents telecommunicated to the OIS system  

SciTech Connect

Documents that are composed on a computer and then transmitted by telecommunications into a Wang Office Information System (OIS) word processing system need to be reformatted and cleaned up before they can be used properly as word processing documents suitable for further revisions or additions. This report describes a group of glossary entries created for the Wang OIS which simplifies the job of cleaning up telecommunicated documents. This glossary is a semi-automated process designed to eliminate most of the tedious work needed to be performed in removing extra spaces and returns, adjusting formats, moving material, repagination, using tabs or indents, and similar problems. The report briefly discusses the problems, describes the glossary approach to solving them, and gives instructions for actually using the glossary entries.

Markow, S.R.

1983-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

331

What Makes a Good Online Dictionary? – Empirical Insights from an Interdisciplinary Research Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents empirical findings from two online surveys on the use of online dictionaries, in which more than 1,000 participants took part. The aim of these studies was to clarify general questions of online dictionary use (e.g. which electronic devices are used for online dictionaries or different types of usage situations) and to identify different demands regarding the use of online dictionaries. We will present some important results of this ongoing research project by focusing on the latter. Our analyses show that neither knowledge of the participants ’ (scientific or academic) background, nor the language version of the online survey (German vs. English) allow any significant conclusions to be drawn about the participant’s individual user demands. Subgroup analyses only reveal noteworthy differences when the groups are clustered statistically. Taken together, our findings shed light on the general lexicographical request both for the development of a user-adaptive interface and the incorporation of multimedia elements to make online dictionaries more user-friendly and innovative.

Carolin Müller-spitzer; Er Koplenig; Antje Töpel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

On Some Sets of Dictionaries Whose omega-Powers Have a Given Complexity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A dictionary is a set of finite words over some finite alphabet X. The omega-power of a dictionary V is the set of infinite words obtained by infinite concatenation of words in V. Lecomte studied in [Omega-powers and descriptive set theory, JSL 2005] the complexity of the set of dictionaries whose associated omega-powers have a given complexity. In particular, he considered the sets $W({\\bf\\Si}^0_{k})$ (respectively, $W({\\bf\\Pi}^0_{k})$, $W({\\bf\\Delta}_1^1)$) of dictionaries $V \\subseteq 2^\\star$ whose omega-powers are ${\\bf\\Si}^0_{k}$-sets (respectively, ${\\bf\\Pi}^0_{k}$-sets, Borel sets). In this paper we first establish a new relation between the sets $W({\\bf\\Sigma}^0_{2})$ and $W({\\bf\\Delta}_1^1)$, showing that the set $W({\\bf\\Delta}_1^1)$ is "more complex" than the set $W({\\bf\\Sigma}^0_{2})$. As an application we improve the lower bound on the complexity of $W({\\bf\\Delta}_1^1)$ given by Lecomte. Then we prove that, for every integer $k\\geq 2$, (respectively, $k\\geq 3$) the set of dictionaries $W({\\bf\\Pi}...

Finkel, Olivier

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

On the Local Correctness of L^1 Minimization for Dictionary Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The idea that many important classes of signals can be well-represented by linear combinations of a small set of atoms selected from a given dictionary has had dramatic impact on the theory and practice of signal processing. For practical problems in which an appropriate sparsifying dictionary is not known ahead of time, a very popular and successful heuristic is to search for a dictionary that minimizes an appropriate sparsity surrogate over a given set of sample data. While this idea is appealing, the behavior of these algorithms is largely a mystery; although there is a body of empirical evidence suggesting they do learn very effective representations, there is little theory to guarantee when they will behave correctly, or when the learned dictionary can be expected to generalize. In this paper, we take a step towards such a theory. We show that under mild hypotheses, the dictionary learning problem is locally well-posed: the desired solution is indeed a local minimum of the $\\ell^1$ norm. Namely, if $\\mb ...

Geng, Quan; Wright, John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

A Brief Summary of Dictionary Learning Based Approach for Classification (revised)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This note presents some representative methods which are based on dictionary learning (DL) for classification. We do not review the sophisticated methods or frameworks that involve DL for classification, such as online DL and spatial pyramid matching (SPM), but rather, we concentrate on the direct DL-based classification methods. Here, the "so-called direct DL-based method" is the approach directly deals with DL framework by adding some meaningful penalty terms. By listing some representative methods, we can roughly divide them into two categories, i.e. (1) directly making the dictionary discriminative and (2) forcing the sparse coefficients discriminative to push the discrimination power of the dictionary. From this taxonomy, we can expect some extensions of them as future researches.

Kong, Shu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics: English-French-Persian  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This online dictionary presents the definition of classical as well as advanced concepts of modern astronomy. Moreover, each English entry is accompanied by its French and Persian equivalents. The dictionary is intended to be helpful to professional as well as amateur astronomers. As a notable particularity, it also provides a detailed etymology of English and Persian terms. The etymological material contained in this work may interest linguists, in particular those concerned with the evolution of Indo-European languages, especially with that of their Iranian branch. Apart from educational and outreach objectives in the field of astronomy, one of the main aims of this work is to contribute to the Persian language by creating a comprehensive dictionary of astronomy and astrophysics.

M. Heydari-Malayeri

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

336

Interim performance criteria for photovoltaic energy systems. [Glossary included  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document is a response to the Photovoltaic Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1978 (P.L. 95-590) which required the generation of performance criteria for photovoltaic energy systems. Since the document is evolutionary and will be updated, the term interim is used. More than 50 experts in the photovoltaic field have contributed in the writing and review of the 179 performance criteria listed in this document. The performance criteria address characteristics of present-day photovoltaic systems that are of interest to manufacturers, government agencies, purchasers, and all others interested in various aspects of photovoltaic system performance and safety. The performance criteria apply to the system as a whole and to its possible subsystems: array, power conditioning, monitor and control, storage, cabling, and power distribution. They are further categorized according to the following performance attributes: electrical, thermal, mechanical/structural, safety, durability/reliability, installation/operation/maintenance, and building/site. Each criterion contains a statement of expected performance (nonprescriptive), a method of evaluation, and a commentary with further information or justification. Over 50 references for background information are also given. A glossary with definitions relevant to photovoltaic systems and a section on test methods are presented in the appendices. Twenty test methods are included to measure performance characteristics of the subsystem elements. These test methods and other parts of the document will be expanded or revised as future experience and needs dictate.

DeBlasio, R.; Forman, S.; Hogan, S.; Nuss, G.; Post, H.; Ross, R.; Schafft, H.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

A critical dictionary of Herman Melville's Polynesian terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dissertation is divided into five chapters and focuses primarily on Melville�s Typee, Omoo, Mardi, and Moby Dick. Chapter I introduces the idea that Melville understood Polynesian better than what critics have demonstrated, and that he used the Polynesian language to develop his own multicultural aesthetic. Chapter II discusses how Melville attempts to resolve his aesthetic preoccupations by opening his narratives to the literary potential of the Polynesian language. The chapter examines representative examples of the orthographic idiosyncrasies of Melville�s Polynesian adoptions and adaptations which describe his new literary aesthetic. The chapter also investigates how Melville�s Polynesian aesthetic affects the construction of meaning in his texts. The chapter finally discusses examples of past editorial choices which have sidestepped Melville�s Polynesian aesthetic and, thus, provided readers with a limited understanding of the Polynesian language�s role in Melville�s texts. Chapter III analyzes samples of Melville�s Polynesian adoptions and adaptations from the above narratives to emphasize the role of the Polynesian language in his Pacific experience. This chapter�s intention is to underline the interaction between Melville�s Polynesian language and culture and his texts, which engendered a complex multicultural aesthetic that permeated his first three works, continued to influence his later writings, and contributed significantly to his cosmopolitan vision of American cultural identity. Chapter IV contains the dictionary, which incorporates approximately two hundred entries. Each entry is divided into four sections. The first is a series of quotes from Melville�s texts that illustrate the various meanings that Melville has given to the term being examined. The second is a list of definitions from various dialects, intended to underline the various Polynesian linguistic elements that Melville adopted or adapted to construct each particular term. The third is an interpretative paragraph that explains how each term is divided into its constituent parts based on Melville�s aesthetic. The fourth section contains specific quotes from other sources of the particular term that underline the significance of that source to Melville�s knowledge of the particular term. Chapter V concludes with the idea that this dissertation is meant as a starting guide to reexamining Melville�s Polynesian aesthetic.

Christodoulou, Constantine

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

TshwaneLex: A State-of-the-Art Dictionary Compilation Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new state-of-the-art dictionary compilation program called TshwaneLex is briefly introduced. Core features include user-friendliness, automatic cross-reference tracking, an advanced compare/merge function, various levels of customisation, and provision for virtually all the world’s languages by means of full Unicode support.

Gilles-maurice De Schryver; David Joffe

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Geologic repository work breakdown structure and dictionary---Development and evaluation phase (PE-02)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Revision 2 of the OGR Work Breakdown Structure and Dictionary -- Development and Evaluation Phase (PE-02) supersedes Revision 1, August 1989, in its entirety. The revision is to delete the Exploratory Shaft Facility'' work scape and replace it with Exploratory Studies Facility'' work scape.

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Learning Word Meaning From Dictionary Definitions: Sensorimotor Induction Precedes Verbal Instruction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Almost all words are the names of categories. We can learn most of our words (and hence our categories) from dictionary definitions, but not all of them. Some have to be learned from direct experience. To understand a word from its definition we need to already understand the words used in the definition. This is the “Symbol Grounding Problem ” [1]. How many words (and which ones) do we need to ground directly in sensorimotor experience in order to be able to learn all other words via definition alone? The answer may shed some light both on the developmental origin of word meanings and on the evolutionary origin and adaptive value of language. We used an algorithm to reduce each of our dictionaries (Longmans LDOCE, Cambridge CIDE and WordNet) to its “grounding kernel ” (“Kernel”) (which turned out to be about 10 % of the dictionary) by systematically eliminating all words that could be reached through definition alone [2] (illustration with a contrived toy dictionary [Table 1] in Figures 1 and 2). Within the Kernel the remaining definitions are circular (rather like A = not-B and B = not-A), so if

Olivier Picard; Alexandre Blondin Massé; Stevan Harnad

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Secure Communication and Authentication Against Off-line Dictionary Attacks in Smart Grid Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Secure Communication and Authentication Against Off-line Dictionary Attacks in Smart Grid Systems This paper studies the security requirements for remote authentication and communication in smart grid to smart grid systems. For example, in order to unlock the credentials stored in tamper

Wang, Yongge

342

Automatic addition of verbal semantic attributes to a Japanese-to-English valency transfer dictionary. TMI-99  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effectiveness of using the semantic attributes of verbs has been shown in various kinds of natural processing systems, such as machine translation systems. The addition of an attribute value is, however, time-consuming and must be performed by hand by an expert on the attribute value. In this paper, two methods for efficiently adding verbal semantic attributes to a Japanese-to-English valency transfer dictionary in a machine translation system are proposed and evaluated. One method involves a professional analyst mentally writing down decision-tree-like rules from process images when adding an attribute value to each dictionary entry. The other method involves automatically extracting a decision tree for adding attribute values from dictionary entries with semantic attribute values within a transfer dictionary using the decision tree learning program C5.0. We examine the key factors contributing towards the identification of an attribute value in the entries of the transfer dictionary. The proposed method is also applicable for adding semantic attributes effectively for dictionary entries of a bilingual dictionary within a machine translation system. 1

Hiromi Nakaiwa; Kayo Seki

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

A Critical Study of John Camden Hotten and The Slang Dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many lexicographers found some words unsuitable for inclusion in their dictionaries, thus the examination of general purpose dictionaries alone will not give us a faithful history of changes of the language. Nevertheless, by taking into account cant and slang dictionaries, the origins and history of such marginalized language can be truly examined. Despite people's natural fascination with these works, the early slang dictionaries have received relatively little scholarly attention, the later ones even less. This dissertation is written to honor those lexicographers who succeeded in a truthful documentation of nonstandard language. One of these disreputable lexicographers who found joy in an unending search for new and better ways of treating abstruse vocabulary was John Camden Hotten. This study investigates the importance of Hotten's Dictionary of Modern Slang, Cant, and Vulgar Words in the evolution of dictionary making. I analyze how many editions exist, the popularity of the 1864 edition, and differences between this and preceding editions, suggesting the inexorable growth of Hotten as a compiler. A short history of British cant and slang lexicography is provided and questions concerning the inclusion and exclusion of obsolete words and who makes such decisions are answered. Key terms such as slang and cant are defined and discussed briefly within the context of recent, relevant scholarship. The conclusions drawn from this research are laid out in extensive annotations embedded in the lexical items of a critical edition demonstrating once again that Hotten's compilation was extremely important in the evolution of dictionary making. That Hotten's work was accepted as authoritative is evidenced by the number of allusions and borrowings from it as seen in the work of later lexicographers: Barrere and Leland draw extensively upon it in A Dictionary of Slang, Jargon, and Cant, 2 vols. (1889-90) as do Farmer and Henley in Slang and Its Analogues, 7 vols. (1890-1904), and Eric Partridge in A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English (1937). Hotten's work seems to have been very influential in the preservation of words as well. A vast number of slang words that are cited in Hotten's dictionaries were used for a long time among the common people; in fact, the popular literature of the nineteenth century, particularly historical fiction, draws upon this vocabulary, and may well prove to be specifically indebted to Hotten's work. Thackeray's Vanity Fair and Joyce's Ulysses are full of slang expressions; Conan Doyle shows himself familiar with the terminology of pugilism in Rodney Stone, as does George Bernard Shaw in Cashel Byron's Profession. This dissertation places John Camden Hotten as a writer/publisher/compiler and his work within contemporaneous scholarly argument, and, contrary to popular opinion, acknowledges the publisher's significant contributions to the development of Victorian literature and late nineteenth- and twentieth-century lexicography.

Djordjevic, Dragana

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

FusEdWeb | Fusion Education  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glossary Glossary FusEdWeb: Discover Fusion CPEP's Online Fusion Course Fusion FAQ Fusion and Plasma Glossary Plasma Dictionary Student and Teacher Resources Education and Outreach Ideas Other Fusion and Plasma Sites Great Sites Internet Plasma Physics EXperience GA's Fusion Energy Slide Show International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor National Ignition Facility Search webby award honoree Webby Awards Honoree April 10, 2007 webby award honoree Links2Go - Fusion, November 9, 1998 FusEdWeb: Fusion Energy Education Our Sun | Other Stars and Galaxies | Inertial Confinement | Magnetic Confinement The Glossary of Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy Research Browse | Search | Submit an Entry Introduction, Sources and Contributors This Glossary seeks to provide plain-language definitions of over 3600

345

A glossary of corrosion-related terms used in science and industry  

SciTech Connect

A Glossary of Corrosion-Related Terms Used in Science and Industry features definitions for over 4,000 specialized terms related to corrosion and corrosion prevention/control. Its coverage encompasses not only the fundamental terms commonly used in corrosion science, but also lesser-known, industry-specific jargon. The Glossary contains terms relevant to the study, effect, and control of corrosion that pertain to chemistry/electro-chemistry, metallurgy, plastics, paints/coatings, metal finishing, and the environment. Various synonyms, acronyms, and abbreviations are also included. A practical desk reference for students, scientists, engineers, technicians, and manufacturing and maintenance personnel.

Vukasovich, M.S.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

346

Solar Energy Education. Industrial arts: teacher's guide. Field test edition. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect

An instructional aid is presented which integrates the subject of solar energy into the classroom study of industrial arts. This guide for teachers was produced in addition to the student activities book for industrial arts by the USDOE Solar Energy Education. A glossary of solar energy terms is included. (BCS)

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Solar Energy Education. Home economics: teacher's guide. Field test edition. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect

An instructional aid is provided for home economics teachers who wish to integrate the subject of solar energy into their classroom activities. This teacher's guide was produced along with the student activities book for home economics by the US Department of Energy Solar Energy Education. A glossary of solar energy terms is included. (BCS)

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Solar Energy Education. Industrial arts: teacher's guide. Field test edition. [Includes glossary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An instructional aid is presented which integrates the subject of solar energy into the classroom study of industrial arts. This guide for teachers was produced in addition to the student activities book for industrial arts by the USDOE Solar Energy Education. A glossary of solar energy terms is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Solar Energy Education. Home economics: teacher's guide. Field test edition. [Includes glossary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An instructional aid is provided for home economics teachers who wish to integrate the subject of solar energy into their classroom activities. This teacher's guide was produced along with the student activities book for home economics by the US Department of Energy Solar Energy Education. A glossary of solar energy terms is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Glossary of CERCLA, RCRA and TSCA related terms and acronyms. Environmental Guidance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This glossary contains CERCLA, RCRA and TSCA related terms that are most often encountered in the US Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Restoration and Emergency Preparedness activities. Detailed definitions are included for key terms. The CERCLA definitions included in this glossary are taken from the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), as amended and related federal rulemakings. The RCRA definitions included in this glossary are taken from the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and related federal rulemakings. The TSCA definitions included in this glossary are taken from the Toxic Substances and Control Act (TSCA) and related federal rulemakings. Definitions related to TSCA are limited to those sections in the statute and regulations concerning PCBs and asbestos.Other sources for definitions include additional federal rulemakings, assorted guidance documents prepared by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), guidance and informational documents prepared by the US Department of Energy (DOE), and DOE Orders. The source of each term is noted beside the term. Terms presented in this document reflect revised and new definitions published before July 1, 1993.

Not Available

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Solar water heater installation guidelines. A manual for homeowners and professionals. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect

The guidelines include detailed diagrams, a selected glossary, a bibliography of books and manuals which might prove useful and a checklist which should be used during and after the installation. The guidelines explain generally how to install a liquid solar hot water heater, but not a specific system. The following are covered: collector location, collector installation, plumbing, solar storage tanks, electrical, and insulation. (MHR)

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

he first glossary of common and not-so-common terms and buzz-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

he first glossary of common and not-so-common terms and buzz- words for reference to high perfor for an update because · many new terms have arisen or, in some cases, their original meanings have expanded- vides guidance and changes in some of the more commonly accepted terms (2). This month's "Column Watch

Frey, Douglas D.

353

Generating custom test plans for CASE{sup *}Dictionary 5.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most database development organizations use a formal software development methodology that requires a certain amount of formal testing. The amount of formal testing that will be performed will vary from methodology to methodology and from site to site. If a very detailed formal test plan is required for each module in a system, the work involved to produce the test plan can be tedious and costly. After a system has been designed and developed using Oracle*CASE, there is much useful information in the CASE*Dictionary repository. If this information could be tied to specific test requirements, a test plan could be generated automatically, saving much time and resources. This paper shows how CASE*Dictionary can be used to store test plan information that can then be used to generate a specific test plan for each module based on it`s detailed data usage.

Atkins, K.D. [Boeing Computer Services, Richland, WA (United States)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Operator Dictionaries and Wave Functions in AdS/CFT and dS/CFT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dual AdS/CFT correlators can be computed in two ways: differentiate the bulk partition function with respect to boundary conditions, or extrapolate bulk correlation functions to the boundary. These dictionaries were conjectured to be equivalent by Banks, Douglas, Horowitz, and Martinec. We revisit this question at the level of bulk path integrals, showing that agreement in the presence of interactions requires careful treatment of the renormalization of bulk composite operators. By contrast, we emphasize that proposed dS/CFT analogues of the two dictionaries are inequivalent. Next, we show quite generally that the wave function for Euclidean AdS analytically continues to the dS wave function with Euclidean initial conditions. Most of our arguments consider interacting fields on a fixed background, but in a final section we discuss the inclusion of bulk dynamical gravity.

Daniel Harlow; Douglas Stanford

2011-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

355

The boundary S-matrix and the AdS to CFT dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An S-matrix analog is defined for anti-de Sitter space by constructing ``in'' and ``out'' states that asymptote to the timelike boundary. A derivation parallel to that of the LSZ formula shows that this ``boundary S-matrix'' is given directly by correlation functions in the boundary conformal theory. This provides a key entry in the AdS to CFT dictionary.

Steven B. Giddings

1999-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

356

An extended segment pattern dictionary for pattern matching tracking algorithm at BESIII  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A pattern matching based tracking algorithm, named MdcPatRec, is used for the reconstruction of charged tracks in the drift chamber of the BESIII detector. This paper addresses the shortage of segment finding in MdcPatRec algorithm. An extended segment construction scheme and the corresponding pattern dictionary are presented. Evaluation with Monte-Carlo and experimental data show that the new method can achieve higher efficiency for low transverse momentum tracks.

Changli Ma; Yao Zhang; Ye Yuan; Xiao-Rui LU; Yangheng Zheng; Kanglin He; Weidong Li; Huaiming Liu; Qiumei Ma; Linghui Wu

2013-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

357

Microsoft Word - GNEP Website Glossary 2006-02-03_no_links.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GNEP Glossary GNEP Glossary Advanced Burner Reactor A new type of nuclear reactor that accepts recycled nuclear fuel and consumes more transuranic elements than it creates, while generating electricity. It typically belongs to the class of nuclear power plants called "fast reactors." "Burn" does not mean incinerate or combust, it means to transmute or convert transuranics into shorter-lived isotopes. Advanced Fuel Cycle Facility A multi-purpose research and development laboratory to serve fuel cycle testing needs for the next 50 years or more. Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative The mission of the current Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) is to develop proliferation- resistant spent nuclear fuel treatment and transmutation technologies to enable a transition

358

Boundary S Matrix and the Anti{endash}de Sitter Space to Conformal Field Theory Dictionary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An S matrix analog is defined for anti{endash}de Sitter (Ads) space by constructing {open_quotes}in{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}out{close_quotes} states that asymptote to the timelike boundary. A derivation parallel to that of the Lehmann-Symanzik-Zimmermann formula shows that this {open_quotes}boundary S matrix{close_quotes} is given directly by correlation functions in the boundary conformal theory. This provides a key entry in the AdS to conformal field theory dictionary. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society }

Giddings, S.B. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-9530 (United States)

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Status Report on the Creation of a Preliminary Data Model and Dictionary for a New Petrologic Database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A preliminary database has been developed that will allow mineralogy and bulk-rock geochemical information to be managed under configuration control and facilitate electronic querying. The database is currently developed in Microsoft Access as a collection of tables, views, and entry forms. Each field and table has been described in a data dictionary.

Mackley, Rob D.; Serkowski, John A.; Last, George V.

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

360

Carnets de Gologie / Notebooks on Geology -Memoir 2006/02 (CG2006_M02) Illustrated glossary of terms used in foraminiferal research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of terms used in foraminiferal research Lukas HOTTINGER 1 Summary: An illustrated glossary of terms used in the analysis of the shells of recent and fossil foraminifera supplemented by a rigorous selection of terms anatomy, Foraminifera, hierarchy of terms, glossary, micropaleontology Citation: HOTTINGER L. (2006

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

B.: Tackling the internet glossary glut: Automatic extraction and evaluation of genus phrases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of developing methods to be used in the identification and extraction of meaningful semantic components from large online glossaries. We present two sets of results. First, we report on the algorithm, ParseGloss, which was used to analyze definitions, and extract the main concept, or genus phrase. We ran the system on over 12,000 online glossary entries. Second, we present a method to evaluate our results, using human judgments on a collection of definitions from six different sources. This paper discusses our approach to the evaluation process, since the creation of a standard for evaluation is in itself a contribution to the field. The methods we have developed have required addressing the significant challenges of abstracting a single gold standard from multiple naive, human judgments on a highly subjective task. Once the method for creating the standard was developed, we then established the gold standard data. We report on our performance in running ParseGloss over this controlled collection of definitions. Our first set of results presents precision and recall on system performance. Our second results are presented in terms of techniques for determining agreement between human subjects. Success in the ParseGloss algorithm will contribute to the automatic creation of ontologies.

Judith L. Klavans

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

A GLOSSARY OF GIS TERMINOLOGY: 92-13 A comprehensive alphabetical listing of technical terms and their common  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A GLOSSARY OF GIS TERMINOLOGY: 92-13 A comprehensive alphabetical listing of technical terms-related concepts and functions produces new terms and altered meanings for existing terms whose definitions that these terms may not be exactly (mathematically) equivalent in terms of the functional characteristics

California at Santa Barbara, University of

363

1997 Glossary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

All types of light bulbs are included: incandescent, fluorescent, compact fluorescent, halogen, and high-intensity-discharge (HID). (See Appliances ...

364

Glossary - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Materials” SPIE special publication covering the Boulder Symposium on Laser- Induced Damage in Optical. Materials, Vol. 6403 (2007) 64032A. K.F. Ferris, L.M.  ...

365

The Knowledge Dictionary: A KBMS architecture for the many-to-many coupling of knowledge based-systems to databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effective management and leveraging of organizational knowledge has become the focus of much research in the computer industry. One specific area is the creation of information systems that combine the ability to manage large stores of data, making it available to many users, with the ability to reason and make inferences over bodies of knowledge capturing specific expertise in some problem domain. A Knowledge Base Management System (KBMS) is a system providing management of a large shared knowledge base for (potentially) many knowledge-based systems (KBS). A KBMS architecture for coupling knowledge-based systems to databases has been developed. The architecture is built around a repository known as the Knowledge Dictionary-a multi-level self-describing framework that facilitates the KBS-DBMS integration. Th Knowledge Dictionary architecture allows the following enhancements to be made to be made to the KBS environment: knowledge sharing among multiple KBS applications; knowledge management of semantic integrity over large-scale (declarative) knowledge bases; and, knowledge maintenance as the declarative portion of the shared knowledge base evolves over time. This dissertation discusses the architecture of the Knowledge Dictionary, and the underlying knowledge representation framework, focusing on how it is used to provide knowledge management services to the KBS applications having their declarative knowledge base components stored as databases in the DBMS. The specific service investigated is the management of semantic integrity of the knowledge base.

Davis, J.P.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Prototype Data Models and Data Dictionaries for Hanford Sediment Physical and Hydraulic Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Remediation Decision Support (RDS) project, managed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company (CHPRC), has been compiling physical and hydraulic property data and parameters to support risk analyses and waste management decisions at Hanford. In FY09 the RDS project developed a strategic plan for a physical and hydraulic property database. This report documents prototype data models and dictionaries for these properties and associated parameters. Physical properties and hydraulic parameters and their distributions are required for any type of quantitative assessment of risk and uncertainty associated with predictions of contaminant transport and fate in the subsurface. The central plateau of the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State contains most of the contamination at the Site and has up to {approx}100 m of unsaturated and unconsolidated or semi-consolidated sediments overlying the unconfined aquifer. These sediments contain a wide variety of contaminants ranging from organic compounds, such as carbon tetrachloride, to numerous radionuclides including technetium, plutonium, and uranium. Knowledge of the physical and hydraulic properties of the sediments and their distributions is critical for quantitative assessment of the transport of these contaminants in the subsurface, for evaluation of long-term risks and uncertainty associated with model predictions of contaminant transport and fate, and for evaluating, designing, and operating remediation alternatives. One of the goals of PNNL's RDS project is to work with the Hanford Environmental Data Manager (currently with CHPRC) to develop a protocol and schedule for incorporation of physical property and hydraulic parameter datasets currently maintained by PNNL into HEIS. This requires that the data first be reviewed to ensure quality and consistency. New data models must then be developed for HEIS that are approved by the HTAG that oversees HEIS development. After approval, these new data models then need to be implemented in HEIS by the EDM before there is an actual repository for the data. This document summarizes modifications to previously developed data models, and new data models and data dictionaries for physical and hydraulic property data and parameters to be transferred to HEIS. A prototype dataset that conforms to the specifications of these recommended data models has been identified and processed, and is ready for transfer to CHPRC for inclusion in HEIS. Additional datasets are planned for transfer from PNNL to CHPRC in FY11.

Rockhold, Mark L.; Last, George V.; Middleton, Lisa A.

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

367

Correlated lecture laboratory series in diagnostic radiological physics. [Glossary biomedical radiography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The physics series consists of nine lectures, each accompanied by a laboratory exercise correlated to its key points. This series has been designed as an aid to instructors in designing and presenting diagnostic radiological physics courses for radiology residents, student radiologic technologists, medical students, and others involved in the radiological process. Topics covered are: x-ray production and machine output; radiographic contrast; subject contrast; control of scattered radiation; intensifying screens; radiographic film: contrast and processing; quality assurance of automatic film processing; geometric factors in radiography; x-ray quality assurance; and reduction of unnecessary patient exposure. Appendix includes dose from roentgenography and fluoroscopy from the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. A glossary is also included. (PSB)

Lamel, D.A.; Brown, R.F.; Shaver, J.W.; Sirafinejad, E.E.; Weinberg, P.E.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

AdS black holes, the bulk-boundary dictionary, and smearing functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Lorentzian AdS/CFT there exists a mapping between local bulk operators and nonlocal CFT operators. In global AdS this mapping can be found through use of bulk equations of motion and allows the nonlocal CFT operator to be expressed as a local operator smeared over a range of positions and times. We argue that such a construction is not possible if there are bulk normal modes with exponentially small near boundary imprint. We show that the AdS-Schwarzschild background is such a case, with the horizon introducing modes with angular momentum much larger than frequency, causing them to be trapped by the centrifugal barrier. More generally, we argue that any barrier in the radial effective potential which prevents null geodesics from reaching the boundary will lead to modes with vanishingly small near boundary imprint, thereby obstructing the existence of a smearing function. While one may have thought the bulk-boundary dictionary for low curvature regions, such as the exterior of a black hole, should be as in empty AdS, our results demonstrate otherwise.

Stefan Leichenauer; Vladimir Rosenhaus

2013-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

369

The U.S. national nuclear forensics library, nuclear materials information program, and data dictionary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclear forensics assessments to determine material process history requires careful comparison of sample data to both measured and modeled nuclear material characteristics. Developing centralized databases, or nuclear forensics libraries, to house this information is an important step to ensure all relevant data will be available for comparison during a nuclear forensics analysis and help expedite the assessment of material history. The approach most widely accepted by the international community at this time is the implementation of National Nuclear Forensics libraries, which would be developed and maintained by individual nations. This is an attractive alternative toan international database since it provides an understanding that each country has data on materials produced and stored within their borders, but eliminates the need to reveal any proprietary or sensitive information to other nations. To support the concept of National Nuclear Forensics libraries, the United States Department of Energy has developed a model library, based on a data dictionary, or set of parameters designed to capture all nuclear forensic relevant information about a nuclear material. Specifically, information includes material identification, collection background and current location, analytical laboratories where measurements were made, material packaging and container descriptions, physical characteristics including mass and dimensions, chemical and isotopic characteristics, particle morphology or metallurgical properties, process history including facilities, and measurement quality assurance information. While not necessarily required, it may also be valuable to store modeled data sets including reactor burn-up or enrichment cascade data for comparison. It is fully expected that only a subset of this information is available or relevant to many materials, and much of the data populating a National Nuclear Forensics library would be process analytical or material accountability measurement data as opposed to a complete forensic analysis of each material in the library.

Lamont, Stephen Philip [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brisson, Marcia [DOE-IN; Curry, Michael [DEPT. OF STATE

2011-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

370

PLASMA GENERATOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent describes apparatus for producing an electricity neutral ionized gas discharge, termed a plasma, substantially free from contamination with neutral gas particles. The plasma generator of the present invention comprises a plasma chamber wherein gas introduced into the chamber is ionized by a radiofrequency source. A magnetic field is used to focus the plasma in line with an exit. This magnetic field cooperates with a differential pressure created across the exit to draw a uniform and uncontaminated plasma from the plasma chamber.

Foster, J.S. Jr.

1958-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

371

Plasma valve  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A plasma valve includes a confinement channel and primary anode and cathode disposed therein. An ignition cathode is disposed adjacent the primary cathode. Power supplies are joined to the cathodes and anode for rapidly igniting and maintaining a plasma in the channel for preventing leakage of atmospheric pressure through the channel.

Hershcovitch, Ady (Mount Sinai, NY); Sharma, Sushil (Hinsdale, IL); Noonan, John (Naperville, IL); Rotela, Elbio (Clarendon Hills, IL); Khounsary, Ali (Hinsdale, IL)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

PLASMA ENERGIZATION  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

BS>A method is given for ion cyclotron resonance heatthg of a magnetically confined plasma by an applied radio-frequency field. In accordance with the invention, the radiofrequency energy is transferred to the plasma without the usual attendent self-shielding effect of plasma polarlzatlon, whereby the energy transfer is accomplished with superior efficiency. More explicitly, the invention includes means for applying a radio-frequency electric field radially to an end of a plasma column confined in a magnetic mirror field configuration. The radio-frequency field propagates hydromagnetic waves axially through the column with the waves diminishing in an intermediate region of the column at ion cyclotron resonance with the fleld frequency. In such region the wave energy is converted by viscous damping to rotational energy of the plasma ions. (AEC)

Furth, H.P.; Chambers, E.S.

1962-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

PLASMA DEVICE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device is described for establishing and maintaining a high-energy, rotational plasma for use as a fast discharge capacitor. A disc-shaped, current- conducting plasma is formed in an axinl magnetic field and a crossed electric field, thereby creating rotational kinetic enengy in the plasma. Such energy stored in the rotation of the plasma disc is substantial and is convertible tc electrical energy by generator action in an output line electrically coupled to the plasma volume. Means are then provided for discharging the electrical energy into an external circuit coupled to the output line to produce a very large pulse having an extremely rapid rise time in the waveform thereof. (AE C)

Baker, W.R.

1961-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

374

Plasma Nitrocarburizing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...heat pollution Reduced processing times Reduced energy consumption Reduced treatment gas consumption Industrial plasma nitrocarburizing processing modules contain: Vacuum furnace Vacuum system Gas supply with gas mixing and pressure control system Electric power supply unit Microprocessor control unit...

375

Studies of plasma transport  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the charge-coupled device camera and other plasma diagnostic equipment used to measure plasma density and other plasma properties. (LSP)

Malmberg, J.H.; O' Neil, T.M.; Driscoll, C.F.

1991-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

376

PLASMA DEVICE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device for producing a confined high temperature plasma is described. In the device the concave inner surface of an outer annular electrode is disposed concentrically about and facing the convex outer face of an inner annular electrode across which electrodes a high potential is applied to produce an electric field there between. Means is provided to create a magnetic field perpendicular to the electric field and a gas is supplied at reduced pressure in the area therebetween. Upon application of the high potential, the gas between the electrodes is ionized, heated, and under the influence of the electric and magnetic fields there is produced a rotating annular plasma disk. The ionized plasma has high dielectric constant properties. The device is useful as a fast discharge rate capacitor, in controlled thermonuclear research, and other high temperature gas applications. (AEC)

Baker, W.R.; Brathenahl, A.; Furth, H.P.

1962-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

377

Burning plasmas  

SciTech Connect

The fraction of fusion-reaction energy that is released in energetic charged ions, such as the alpha particles of the D-T reaction, can be thermalized within the reacting plasma and used to maintain its temperature. This mechanism facilitates the achievement of very high energy-multiplication factors Q, but also raises a number of new issues of confinement physics. To ensure satisfactory reaction operation, three areas of energetic-ion interaction need to be addressed: single-ion transport in imperfectly symmetric magnetic fields or turbulent background plasmas; energetic-ion-driven (or stabilized) collective phenomena; and fusion-heat-driven collective phenomena. The first of these topics is already being explored in a number of tokamak experiments, and the second will begin to be addressed in the D-T-burning phase of TFTR and JET. Exploration of the third topic calls for high-Q operation, which is a goal of proposed next-generation plasma-burning projects. Planning for future experiments must take into consideration the full range of plasma-physics and engineering R D areas that need to be addressed on the way to a fusion power demonstration.

Furth, H.P.; Goldston, R.J.; Zweben, S.J. (Princeton Univ., NJ (USA). Plasma Physics Lab.); Sigmar, D.J. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (USA))

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

A Dictionary for Transparency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are many terms that are used in association with the U.S. Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) Transparency Project associated with the Mayak Fissile Materials Storage Facility. This is a collection of proposed definitions of these terms.

Kouzes, Richard T.

2001-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

379

Nostratic Dictionary - Third Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Gwd ?apu!yya, Gln ?api!yya, Brj abuy?ya2 'maternal uncle' ¶ Bl. 1OO, 112, 174, Ss. PEC 15, Ss. B 21, Hn. S 51, PG 58, Grg. 4, Brl. 2-3, Hw. A 336, Oo. 67, HL 59, AMS 31 (Dl apu!yya ± api!yya 'avunculus' interpreted as 'weiblicher Vater', sc... . (after Böhtlingk) tried to explain the Yk word as a loan from M bicin ? becin , but the latter word means 'ape, monkey', and hence the hyp. is untenable || HS : ?? S *°?bÎX > Ar baÎaX-, buÎX- 'lamb' (if *-ÎX- < *-TX-) ¶ BK I 1OO ?? ECh: Ll {Grgs} bi...

Dolgopolsky, Aharon

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Dictionary of Natural Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

seawater and polarized for some days at -200 mV vs. Ag/ AgCl. The current increase indicated the formation acceptor for the MFC cathode reaction because of its high redox potential (+0.82 V vs. SHE) and its low with a 0.2 µm filter before entering the system. 2.4. Fluorescent microscopy and 3D imaging Microbial

Maoz, Shahar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Dictionary of Agreement Terms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... defines the work to be done for a fixed price and results in ... Detailed requirements and pricing may be included, along with standard regulatory and ...

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

382

Dictionary of Metals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...of the alloy to cutlers. He called the alloy Stellite after the Latin stella, meaning star, and obtained a patent for the alloy. He changed

383

A South Efate Dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nen ip ?ur ki faatfar. The reef has many calcium rocks. faat ftak n. bottom stones of an oven. faat ni uum n. top stones of an oven. Nafet faat ni uum rumiel malen ruftin. The top stones are red when they are heated. 2) n. vatu, money. Ale ipan sor... ifiif. The grain (meat) of the wood is twisted. Np ?aun ifiif. His head spins (he is drunk, dizzy). Ag p ?afiif ki string. Kineu kafo palus. You roll up the line, I'll paddle the canoe. Tukfiif ki naniu su po slatir pelpel pak esum ?. Let us tie up...

Thieberger, Nicholas

384

NPP Database Dictionary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

All the terms used throughout the ORNL DAAC NPP Database (principally associated with sites in the grassland biome) are defined below. Since the field measurements were collected...

385

Massive-Conformal Dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The finite-volume spectrum of an integrable massive perturbation of a rational conformal field theory interpolates between massive multi-particle states in infinite volume (IR limit) and conformal states, which are approached at zero volume (UV limit). Each state is labeled in the IR by a set of `Bethe Ansatz quantum numbers', while in the UV limit it is characterized primarily by the conformal dimensions of the conformal field creating it. We present explicit conjectures for the UV conformal dimensions corresponding to any IR state in the $\\phi_{1,3}$-perturbed minimal models $M(2,5)$ and $M(3,5)$. The conjectures, which are based on a combinatorial interpretation of the Rogers-Ramanujan-Schur identities, are consistent with numerical results obtained previously for low-lying energy levels.

Ezer Melzer

1993-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

386

DOE Competency Dictionary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This compendium of general competencies used the result of a Department-wide collaborative working group.  These competencies align to the OPM SES Executive Core Qualifications. 

387

Sourcebook on the production of electricity from geothermal energy. Draft: Chapter 4, Section 4. 4. Status of the development of the total flow system for electric power production from geothermal energy. [Includes glossary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Discussion is presented under the following section headings: introduction; characteristics of wellhead fluid; energy conversion concepts (including subsections, the flashed steam system, the total flow concept, and comparison of total flow expanders); brine chemistry effects; a possible total flow system design; and references, bibliography, glossary, and figures. (JGB)

Austin, A.L.; Ryley, D.J.

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Glossary API Gravity: An  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 60 60 131 5 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on fin- ished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure for crude oil and petroleum products equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons. Bulk Sales: Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual

389

Glossary API Gravity: An  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

60 60 1315 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on fin- ished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure for crude oil and petroleum products equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons. Bulk Sales: Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual

390

Glossary Balancing Item: Represents  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Balancing Balancing Item: Represents differences between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differences may be due to quantities lost or to the effects of data-report- ing problems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and converted to a standard temperature and pressure base; the effect of vari- ations in company accounting and billing practices; differ- ences between billing cycle and calendar period time frames; and imbalances resulting from the merger of data- reporting systems that vary in scope, format, definitions, and type of respondents. Biomass Gas: A medium Btu gas containing methane and carbon dioxide, resulting from the action of microorganisms on organic materials such as a landfill. British Thermal

391

Glossary/Acronyms: A  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1978 ANL ANSI AQCR aquifer Archaeological and Historic Preservation Act As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) atom Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (AEA) atomic number attainment area...

392

Product Family Glossary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Printed on Recycled PaperIMPORTANT NOTICE Texas Instruments (TI) reserves the right to make changes to its products or to discontinue any semiconductor product or service without notice, and advises its customers to obtain the latest version of relevant information to verify, before placing orders, that the information being relied on is current. TI warrants performance of its semiconductor products and related software to the specifications applicable at the time of sale in accordance with TI’s standard warranty. Testing and other quality control techniques are utilized to the extent TI deems necessary to support this warranty. Specific testing of all parameters of each device is not necessarily performed, except those mandated by government requirements. Certain applications using semiconductor products may involve potential risks of death, personal injury, or severe property or environmental damage (“Critical Applications”).

Sprua Glossary; Tms Dsp; Literature Number Sprua

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LHC The Large Hadron Collider at the CERN laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland. LHC will collide protons into protons at a center-of-mass energy of about 14 TeV. When completed in the...

394

Glossary of Terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fiscal Year – The Council operates on a federal fiscal year (FFY) that begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. Focus Area – The Council has selected five areas on which to focus the remaining funds, four of which are addressed in this Invitation: herring, long-term monitoring of marine conditions and injured resources, harbor protection and marine restoration and lingering oil. Plan – is a multi-year program request for funding that includes all administrative and costs to run each program area. Preferred Proposer – after reviewing proposals submitted under this Invitation, the Council will identify a Preferred Proposer for each focus area and direct Council staff to work with each Preferred Proposer to revise the subject proposals to satisfy any scientific, technical or programmatic concerns. This identification is not a commitment to fund. Program – is a 20-year plan for spending the funds for each program area. Program Science Panel – a panel of scientific experts to review potential projects and give guidance and oversight on the direction of the program; is not required to be independent from the program.

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Understanding Copyrights: A Glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Collective Work: A collective work is a work such as a periodical issue, anthology, or encyclopedia in which a number of contributions constituting separate and ...

396

Glossary Item - Tantalus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

king of Phrygia and the father of Niobe and Pelops. Punished for testing the gods at a banquet, he is forever trapped in Tartarus. He stands in a pool of water with fruit trees...

397

Glossary - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

that are tariff based and corporately aligned with companies that own distribution facilities are also ... U.S. Energy Information Administration ...

398

Glossary Item - Bohr Radius  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

size of a ground state hydrogen atom as calculated by Niels Bohr using a mix of classical physics and quantum mechanics. The Bohr Radius is given by the following formula: Formula...

399

Glossary Item - Neutrino  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that rarely interact with matter. Scientists know of three types of neutrinos: electron-neutrinos, muon-neutrinos and tau-neutrinos. Wolfgang Pauli first proposed the...

400

Glossary Item - Electron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron An Electron Electrons are negatively charged particles that surround the atom's nucleus. Electrons were discovered by J. J. Thomson in 1897. Particle Data Symbol Mass...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron The least massive electrically-charged particle, hence absolutely stable. It is the most common lepton, with electric charge -1...

402

Glossary of Nuclear Terms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of radiation energy per gram of matter. Radioactive dating A technique for estimating the age of an object by measuring the amounts of various radioisotopes in it. Radioactive...

403

Glossary API Gravity: An  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

drip gas, as well as liquid hydrocarbons produced from tar sands, gil- sonite, and oil shale. Excludes topped crude oil, resid- ual oil, other unfinished oils, and liquids...

404

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Strange Quark (s) The third flavor of quark (in order of increasing mass), with electric charge -13...

405

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quark The down quark (d) is the second flavor of quark (in order of increasing mass), with an electric charge -13...

406

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kaon A meson containing a strange quark and an anti-up (or anti-down) quark, or an anti-strange quark and an up (or down) quark...

407

Particle Adventure Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

deren Werte fr alle Ladungsarten null sind. Dazu gehrt das Photon oder ein aus Quark und dem zugehrigen Antiquark zusammengesetztes Boson. In diesen Fllen kann nicht...

408

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A hadron made from an even number of quark-antiquark constituents. The basic structure of most meson is one quark and one antiquark...

409

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charm Quark Charm (c) is the fourth quark (in order of increasing mass), with an electric charge +23...

410

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quark (t) The sixth flavor of quark (in order of increasing mass), with electric charge 23. Its mass is much greater than any other quark or lepton...

411

Glossary Item - Quark  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

family consists of Top and Bottom quarks and only exist at very high energies. The Top quark was finally discovered in 1995 at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Particle...

412

Vehicle Technologies Office: Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

carbon atoms in a ring structure. Alloy Mixture containing mostly metals. For example, brass is an alloy of copper and zinc. Steel contains iron and other metals, but also carbon....

413

Alternative fuel information: Glossary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This short document contains definitions of acronyms and definitions of terms used in papers on the use of alternative fuels in automobiles.

Not Available

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Glossary - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration ... (e.g., water vapor, carbon dioxide, helium, hydrogen sulfide, and nitrogen) ... Storage Withdrawals: ...

415

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charge A quantum number carried by a particle. Determines whether the particle can participate in an interaction process. A particle with electric charge has electrical...

416

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantum Mechanics The laws of physics that apply on very small scales. The essential feature is that electric charge, momentum, and angular momentum, as well as charges, come in...

417

A Patent Glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the profits on the sale of a particular piece of apparatus or a product according to the percentage of cost or sale price attributable to the patented invention and ...

418

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutrino ( ) A lepton with no electric charge. Neutrinos participate only in weak and gravitational interactions and are therefore very difficult to detect. There are three known...

419

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tau ( ) The third flavor of charged lepton (in order of increasing mass), with electric charge -1...

420

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quark (q) A fundamental fermion that has strong interactions. Quarks have electric charge of either +23 (up, charm, top) or -13 (down, strange, bottom) in units where the proton...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Synchrotron A type of circular accelerator in which the particles travel in synchronized bunches at fixed radius...

422

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interaction In the Standard Model the fundamental interactions are the strong, electromagnetic, weak, and gravitational interactions. Four interaction types are all that are needed...

423

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fermion Any particle that has odd-half-integer (12, 32, ...) intrinsic angular momentum (spin), measured in units of h-bar. All particles are either fermions or bosons. Fermions...

424

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lepton A fundamental fermion that does not participate in strong interactions. The electrically-charged leptons are the electron (e-), the muon ( ), the tau ( ), and their...

425

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charge Conservation The observation that electric charge is conserved in any process of transformation of one group of particles into another...

426

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electroweak Interaction In the Standard Model, electromagnetic and weak interactions are related (unified); physicists use the term electroweak to encompass both of them...

427

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residual Interaction An interaction between objects that do not carry a charge but do contain constituents that have that charge. Although some chemical substances involve...

428

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interaction A process in which a particle decays or it responds to a force due to the presence of another particle (as in a collision). The four fundamental interactions are...

429

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pauli Exclusion Principle The principle that no two particles in the same quantum state may exist in the same place at the same time. Particles that obey this principle are called...

430

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proton (p) The most common hadron, a baryon with electric charge +1 equal and opposite to that of the electron. Protons have a basic structure of two up quarks and one down quark...

431

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Uncertainty Principle The quantum principle, first formulated by Heisenberg, that states that is is not possible to know exactly both the position x and the momentum p of an object...

432

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fermilab Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Illinois (near Chicago). Named for particle physics pioneer Enrico Fermi...

433

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collider A collider is an accelerator in which two beams traveling in opposite directions are steered together to provide high-energy collisions between the particles in one beam...

434

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Standard Model Physicists have developed a theory of fundamental particles and interactions called the Standard Model. This site describes various aspects of this model...

435

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weak Interaction The interaction responsible for all processes in which flavor changes, hence for the instability of heavy quarks and leptons, and particles that contain them. Weak...

436

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Virtual Particle A particle that exists only for an extremely brief instant in an intermediary process. Then the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle allows an apparent violation of...

437

Glossary of Sewing Terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication lists common terms used in sewing. It includes definitions of garment types, fabric qualities, notions and construction procedures.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Antimatter Material made from antifermions. We define the fermions that are common in our universe as matter and their antiparticles as antimatter. In the particle theory there is...

439

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Particle A particle with no internal substructure. In the Standard Model the quarks, leptons, photons, gluons, W+ and W- bosons, and the Z bosons are fundamental. All other objects...

440

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

B-Factory The B-Factory is an accelerator at SLAC designed to maximize the production of B mesons. The properties of the B meson are then studied with special detectors...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stable Does not decay. A particle is stable if there exist no processes in which a particle disappears and in its place different particles appear...

442

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Z Boson A carrier particle of the weak interactions. It is involved in all weak processes that do not change flavor...

443

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Boson A particle that has integer intrinsic angular momentum (spin) measured in units of h-bar (spin 0, 1, 2, ...). All particles are either fermions or bosons. The particles...

444

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rest Mass The rest mass (m) of a particle is the mass defined by the energy of the isolated (free) particle at rest, divided by the speed of light squared. When particle physicists...

445

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Big Bang Theory The theory that the expanding universe began as an infinitely dense and hot medium. The initial instant is called the Big Bang...

446

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Generation A set of one of each charge type of quark and lepton, grouped by mass. The first generation contains the up and down quarks, the electron and the electron neutrino....

447

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

W+, W- Boson A carrier particle of the weak interactions. It is involved in all electric-charge-changing weak processes...

448

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Decay A process in which a particle disappears and in its place different particles appear. The sum of the masses of the produced particles is always less than the mass of the...

449

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CERN CERN (European Laboratory for Particle Physics) is the major European international accelerator laboratory located near Geneva, Switzerland...

450

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Annihilation A process in which a particle meets its corresponding antiparticle and both disappear. The energy appears in some other form, perhaps as a different particle and its...

451

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Antiparticle For most particle types (and every fermion type) there is another particle type that has exactly the same mass but the opposite value of all other charges (quantum...

452

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flavor The name used for the different quarks types (up, down, strange, charm, bottom, top) and for the different lepton types (electron, muon, tau). For each charged lepton flavor...

453

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Baryon A hadron made from three quarks. The proton (up-up-down) and the neutron (up-down-down) are both baryons. They may also contain additional quark-antiquark pairs...

454

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Event What occurs when two particles collide or a single particle decays. Particle theories predict the probabilities of various possible events occurring when many similar...

455

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron (n) A baryon with electric charge zero; it is a fermion with a basic structure of two down quarks and one up quark (held together by gluons). The neutral component of an...

456

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerator A machine used to accelerate particles to high speeds, and thus high energy compared to their rest-mass energy...

457

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chamber The outer layers of a particle detector capable of registering tracks of charged particles. Except for the chargeless neutrinos, only muons reach this layer from the...

458

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tracking The reconstruction of a "track" left in a detector by the passage of a particle through the...

459

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Confinement The property of the strong interaction that quarks or gluons are never found separately but only inside color-neutral composite objects...

460

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hadron A particle made of strongly-interacting constituents (quarks andor gluons). These include the meson and baryons. Such particles participate in residual strong interactions...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutral Having a net charge equal to zero. Unless otherwise specified, it usually refers to electric charge...

462

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Strong Interaction The interaction responsible for binding quarks, antiquarks, and gluons to make hadrons. Residual strong interactions provide the nuclear binding force...

463

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Color Charge The quantum number that determines participation in strong interactions. Quarks and gluons carry nonzero color charges...

464

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bottom Quark The fifth flavor of quark (in order of increasing mass), with electric charge of -13...

465

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dark Matter Matter that is in space but is not visible to us because it emits no radiation that we can observe. The nature of the motion of stars around the centers of their...

466

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fixed-target Experiment An experiment in which the beam of particles from an accelerator is directed at a stationary (or nearly stationary) target. The target may be a solid, a...

467

The Particle Adventure | Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conservation When a quantity is always the same before and after a particle reaction, it is said to be conserved. Such quantities include electric charge, energy, and momentum...

468

Glossary of Scientific Terms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmosphere Cyclotron Deuterium Deuteron Dry Ice Electron Electron Capture Electron Volt (eV) Gluon Half-life Helios Isotope Joule Lepton Liquid Nitrogen Mercury Mole Neptune...

469

Nuclear Science Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

absorb alpha particles and most beta particles. accelerator: Device used to increase the energy of particles, which then collide with other particles. Major types are linear...

470

Plasma Kinetic Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic Theory / Proceedings of the Ninth Carolus Magnus Summer School on Plasma and Fusion Energy Physics

B. Weyssow

471

Plasma sweeper. [Patents  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device is described for coupling RF power (a plasma sweeper) from RF power introducing means to a plasma having a magnetic field associated therewith comprises at least one electrode positioned near the plasma and near the RF power introducing means. Means are described for generating a static electric field at the electrode directed into the plasma and having a component substantially perpendicular to the plasma magnetic field such that a non-zero vector cross-product of the electric and magnetic fields exerts a force on the plasma causing the plasma to drift.

Motley, R.W.; Glanz, J.

1982-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

472

The Absence of Plasma in "Spark Plasma Sintering"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

investigations on the spark plasma sintering/synthesisinvestigations on the spark plasma sintering/synthesisLichtenberg, Principles of Plasma Discharges and Materials

Hulbert, Dustin M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Plasma diagnostics | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of superheated and electrically charged gases known as plasmas. PPPL and ITER: Lab teams support the world's largest fusion experiment with leading-edge ideas and...

474

Plasma Astrophysics | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

which gives rise to astrophysical events that include auroras, solar flares and geomagnetic storms. The process occurs when the magnetic field lines in plasmas break and...

475

Interdisciplinary plasma theory workshop | Princeton Plasma Physics...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interdisciplinary plasma theory workshop April 15, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One (Photo by Elle Starkman PPPL Office of Communications) PPPL postdoctoral fellow...

476

Plasma processes in non-ideal plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Non-ideal plasma equation of state, radiative cross-sections and energy exchange coefficients are described in a tutorial overview.

More, R.M.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Plasma Kinetic Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Basic and Kinetic Theory / Proceedings of the Tenth Carolus Magnus Summer School on Plasma and Fusion Energy Physics

B. Weyssow

478

Plasma-Thermal Synthesis  

INL’s Plasma-Thermal Synthesis process improves the conversion process for natural gas into liquid hydrocarbon fuels.

479

FusEdWeb | Fusion Education  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Our Sun Our Sun FusEdWeb: Discover Fusion CPEP's Online Fusion Course Fusion FAQ Fusion and Plasma Glossary Plasma Dictionary Student and Teacher Resources Education and Outreach Ideas Other Fusion and Plasma Sites Great Sites Internet Plasma Physics EXperience GA's Fusion Energy Slide Show International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor National Ignition Facility Search webby award honoree Webby Awards Honoree April 10, 2007 webby award honoree Links2Go - Fusion, November 9, 1998 FusEdWeb: Fusion Energy Education Our Sun | Other Stars and Galaxies | Inertial Confinement | Magnetic Confinement The Sun Runs on Fusion Energy How the sun looks through x-ray eyes! Like all stars, the sun is a huge fusion reactor, pumping out 100 million times as much energy in a single second as the entire population of Earth

480

FusEdWeb | Fusion Education  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Confinement Fusion Magnetic Confinement Fusion FusEdWeb: Discover Fusion CPEP's Online Fusion Course Fusion FAQ Fusion and Plasma Glossary Plasma Dictionary Student and Teacher Resources Education and Outreach Ideas Other Fusion and Plasma Sites Great Sites Internet Plasma Physics EXperience GA's Fusion Energy Slide Show International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor National Ignition Facility Search webby award honoree Webby Awards Honoree April 10, 2007 webby award honoree Links2Go - Fusion, November 9, 1998 FusEdWeb: Fusion Energy Education Our Sun | Other Stars and Galaxies | Inertial Confinement | Magnetic Confinement Fusion by Magnetic Confinement The image above is an artistic rendering of a tokamak, a donut-shaped magnetic vacuum chamber in which wispy vapors of fusion fuel are

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "glossary plasma dictionary" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

FusEdWeb | Fusion Education  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home> Student and Teacher Resources > For Introductory Students Home> Student and Teacher Resources > For Introductory Students FusEdWeb: Discover Fusion CPEP's Online Fusion Course Fusion FAQ Fusion and Plasma Glossary Plasma Dictionary Student and Teacher Resources Education and Outreach Ideas Other Fusion and Plasma Sites Great Sites Internet Plasma Physics EXperience GA's Fusion Energy Slide Show International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor National Ignition Facility Search webby award honoree Webby Awards Honoree April 10, 2007 webby award honoree Links2Go - Fusion, November 9, 1998 FusEdWeb: Fusion Energy Education Our Sun | Other Stars and Galaxies | Inertial Confinement | Magnetic Confinement Guide to Fusion Education Resources for Introductory Physics Students This is a compilation of online and offline education resources for

482

FusEdWeb | Fusion Education  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FAQ FAQ FusEdWeb: Discover Fusion CPEP's Online Fusion Course Fusion FAQ Fusion and Plasma Glossary Plasma Dictionary Student and Teacher Resources Education and Outreach Ideas Other Fusion and Plasma Sites Great Sites Internet Plasma Physics EXperience GA's Fusion Energy Slide Show International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor National Ignition Facility Search webby award honoree Webby Awards Honoree April 10, 2007 webby award honoree Links2Go - Fusion, November 9, 1998 FusEdWeb: Fusion Energy Education Our Sun | Other Stars and Galaxies | Inertial Confinement | Magnetic Confinement Answers to Frequently Asked Questions about Fusion Research An updated, searchable Fusion FAQ is being prepared. In the meantime, the incomplete public-domain Fusion FAQ from 1994-1995 is still available

483

FusEdWeb | Fusion Education  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About Us About Us FusEdWeb: Discover Fusion CPEP's Online Fusion Course Fusion FAQ Fusion and Plasma Glossary Plasma Dictionary Student and Teacher Resources Education and Outreach Ideas Other Fusion and Plasma Sites Great Sites Internet Plasma Physics EXperience GA's Fusion Energy Slide Show International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor National Ignition Facility Search webby award honoree Webby Awards Honoree April 10, 2007 webby award honoree Links2Go - Fusion, November 9, 1998 FusEdWeb: Fusion Energy Education Our Sun | Other Stars and Galaxies | Inertial Confinement | Magnetic Confinement Webby Honoree graphic graphic Key Resource Snap editors choice new scientist DrMatrix Webby Awards Honoree, April 10, 2007 The Alchemist - WebPick, January 29, 1999 Links2Go - Fusion, November 9, 1998 October 19, 1998 - October 19, 1999 Site of the Day, September 24, 1998. Hot spot. Student Science Resource, April 16, 1997

484

Model of detached plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Recently a tokamak plasma was observed in TFTR that was not limited by a limiter or a divertor. A model is proposed to explain this equilibrium, which is called a detached plasma. The model consists of (1) the core plasma where ohmic heating power is lost by anomalous heat conduction and (2) the shell plasma where the heat from the core plasma is radiated away by the atomic processes of impurity ions. A simple scaling law is proposed to test the validity of this model.

Yoshikawa, S.; Chance, M.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Mirror plasma apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mirror plasma apparatus which utilizes shielding by arc discharge to form a blanket plasma and lithium walls to reduce neutron damage to the wall of the apparatus. An embodiment involves a rotating liquid lithium blanket for a tandem mirror plasma apparatus wherein the first wall of the central mirror cell is made of liquid lithium which is spun with angular velocity great enough to keep the liquid lithium against the first material wall, a blanket plasma preventing the lithium vapor from contaminating the plasma.

Moir, Ralph W. (Livermore, CA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

TECHNICAL REVIEW B January 1, 2004, to December 31, 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Glossary

487

Analysis of the California WEPEX Applications to FERC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Glossary

488

Control of Computer Room Air Conditioning using IT Equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

....................................................................................................................13 Glossary

489

Arnold Schwarzenegger ATTACHMENT #7  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.......................................................................................................v Glossary

490

COMMITTEE FINAL REPORT REVISED SHORTTERM PEAK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

............................................................................................................................................ 16 Glossary

491

THE CO2 ABATEMENT POTENTIAL OF CALIFORNIA'S MID-SIZED COMMERCIAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

........................................................................................................................................3 Glossary

492

Evaluating New Income Management in the Northern Territory: First Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

................................................................................................ x Glossary

493

U.S. NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Glossary

494

LBNL/PUB-5476 Price-Responsive Load (PRL) Program -Framing Paper #1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

............................................................................................................ 36 Glossary

495

California Energy Commission DRAFT STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

..................................................................................................................................................17 Glossary

496

Evaluation Framework and Tools for Distributed Energy Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

............................................................................................................iii Glossary

497

U.S. NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Glossary

498

Demonstration of Datacenter Automation Software and Hardware  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

....................................................................................................................17 Glossary

499

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

......................................................................................................... 7 Glossary

500

The geologic basis for appraising undiscovered hydrocarbon resources in the National Petroleum Reserve of Alaska by the play-appraisal method. [Glossary included  

SciTech Connect

The Naval Petroleum Reserves Production Act of 1976 provided for a Government study to determine the best general procedure for the development, production, transportation, and distribution of the hydrocarbon resources in the National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska (NPRA). An essential and distinguishing feature of this study was the development of a resource-appraisal method that would furnish the estimates of undiscovered oil and gas resources in a form compatible with the sophisticated computer model demanded by the economic and policy-analysis portion of the study. This appraisal represents the first use of the newly developed play method and is the latest in a series of hydrocarbon-resource appraisals of the NPRA. As the most recent of the series, it is based on a larger number of data. In the NPRA, the play method was first used by the USGS in November 1979. At intervals averaging 6 months, as new information was gained from the ongoing drilling program, the original assessment was reviewed and updated. The chapter was prepared to document the petroleum geology for each assessed play and thus serve as a basis for further assessments. In addition, it provides information about the assessment personnel, the data base, and analogous formations; for each play, it includes a petroleum geology summary, an outline map, a completed assessment form, and resource estimates. A glossary of terms used in the assessment may be found at the end of this chapter.

Bird, K.J.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z